WorldWideScience

Sample records for evidensbaserede farmakologiske interventioner

  1. Evidensbaserede farmakologiske interventioner inden for intensiv terapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, Else Kirstine; Toft, Palle

    2009-01-01

    (clinical epidemiological studies) based on public registers and clinical databases have shown good agreement with the results from RCTs. The populations of Denmark and the remaining Scandinavian countries are well-registered and as such an ideal base for clinical, epidemiological studies supplementing...

  2. Sociale Interventioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    først bliver social, når de mennesker, der berøres af indgrebet, også bliver inddraget i processen. »Interventioner virker! Men kun hvis de er meningsfulde. Det er helt afgørende for sociale interventioner, at de opleves som meningsfulde af de mennesker, som interventionerne omfatter«, fremhæver Jo...... Krøjer, lektor og leder af Sociale Interventionsstudier på RUC, og Katia Dupret, lektor i socialpsykologi på RUC. Hermed udvider bogens forfattere den videnskabelige forståelse af sammenhængen mellem de væsentligste aspekter i social intervention: velfærdsstat, viden og deltagelse. Forfatterne viser...... rettet mod marginaliserede eller udsatte mennesker. Bogens kapitler rummer med deres empiriske eksempler flere forskellige versioner og forståelser af social intervention, og de dykker bl.a. ned i emner som tidlig indsats og Barnets Reform....

  3. Demens: ikke farmakologiske interventioner - en kommenteret udenlandsk medicinsk teknologivurdering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lisbeth Villemoes

    Fysisk træning som gang, styrketræning og yoga kan hæmme udvikling af demens hos raske ældre og forbedre fysisk funktion hos personer med demens. Det peger en undersøgelse fra Sundhedsstyrelsen på. Undersøgelsen belyser effekten af ikke-medicinske indsatser til personer med og uden demens. Der er...

  4. Demens: ikke farmakologiske interventioner - en kommenteret udenlandsk medicinsk teknologivurdering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lisbeth Villemoes

    2010-01-01

    Fysisk træning som gang, styrketræning og yoga kan hæmme udvikling af demens hos raske ældre og forbedre fysisk funktion hos personer med demens. Det peger en undersøgelse fra Sundhedsstyrelsen på. Undersøgelsen belyser effekten af ikke-medicinske indsatser til personer med og uden demens. Der er...

  5. Mobning og interventioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Stine Kaplan

    2016-01-01

    Afhandlingen ”Mobning og interventioner – positioneringsteoretiske analyser af gruppesamtaler med børn” er baseret på en empirisk undersøgelse af udvalgte interventionssamtaler, der har til hensigt at skulle reducere eller stoppe mobning. Ambitionen i afhandlingen har været at skabe indsigt i de ...

  6. Biliary interventionism in benign disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marin, Jorge H

    2003-01-01

    The interventionism non-surgical biliary begins with the description of the drainage biliary percutaneous that has presented in the last 20 years a special development with the improvement of the techniques and materials for percutaneous and endoscopic use. At the present time the echographic technique allows a quick diagnosis of the possible causes of the obstructive jaundice and in most of the cases to approach the level of the obstruction; however, for a complete morphologic definition of the biliary tree; the cholangiography retrogrades endoscopic is used like first line of diagnosis and therapeutic leaving the transhepatic percutaneous cholangiography for some patients with bankrupt endoscopy or previous surgery with alteration of the anatomy and impossibility for the endoscopic canulation. Additionally, with the continuous improvement of the resonance images in the biliary duct and the new techniques of multiplanar reconstruction of the TAC have taken to that these techniques are of first diagnostic line and that the percutaneous boarding, is carried out with therapeutic and non diagnostic intention

  7. 4 rapporter om 4 interventioner i 4 professioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brok, Lene Storgaard; Kamstrup, Anne Katrine; Laursen, Per Fibæk

    2013-01-01

    I denne publikation præsenteres fire delrapporter i den såkaldte interventionsdel af projektet Brobygning mellem teori og praksis. Rapporten præsenterer et fokus på professionshøjskolernes egne interventioner....

  8. Self-Injurious Behaviour, Non-Interventionism and Practitioners' Needs: Implications for Training and Managerial Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntinas, Konstantinos M.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present article is to critically analyse the literature concerning the factors that lead to non-interventionism towards self-injurious behaviour (SIB) in the field of intellectual disability and to make recommendations for the development of practice. It emerges that the limited behaviour analytic skills of practitioners impede the…

  9. Farmakologisk hypertensionsbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Ole Lederballe; Christensen, Kent Lodberg; Bang, Lia E

    2009-01-01

    with cardiac comorbidity. Initial combination therapy is indicated in high-risk patients where blood pressure reduction of > 20/10 mmHg is desired. Resistant hypertension generally calls for an increment in diuretic dosage and/or addition of a potassium-sparing diuretic. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jun-8...

  10. [Cell signaling pathways interaction in cellular proliferation: Potential target for therapeutic interventionism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdespino-Gómez, Víctor Manuel; Valdespino-Castillo, Patricia Margarita; Valdespino-Castillo, Víctor Edmundo

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, cellular physiology is best understood by analysing their interacting molecular components. Proteins are the major components of the cells. Different proteins are organised in the form of functional clusters, pathways or networks. These molecules are ordered in clusters of receptor molecules of extracellular signals, transducers, sensors and biological response effectors. The identification of these intracellular signaling pathways in different cellular types has required a long journey of experimental work. More than 300 intracellular signaling pathways have been identified in human cells. They participate in cell homeostasis processes for structural and functional maintenance. Some of them participate simultaneously or in a nearly-consecutive progression to generate a cellular phenotypic change. In this review, an analysis is performed on the main intracellular signaling pathways that take part in the cellular proliferation process, and the potential use of some components of these pathways as target for therapeutic interventionism are also underlined. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  11. Putting Business at the Heart of Higher Education: On Neoliberal Interventionism and Audit Culture in UK Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin Cruickshank

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Neoliberalism is a form of interventionism that seeks to pursue elite – corporate – interests. This means constructing a market rationality and constructing markets to better meet what the state takes to be elite interests. In the first phase of neoliberal interventionism in English higher education maintenance grants were replaced with loans, the National Student Survey was introduced to measure ‘satisfaction’, and the inadvertent creation of a £9000 fee-norm all helped to construct a market rationality in students. The second phase, which concerns the proposed reconstruction of the higher education market, started in November 2015 with the publication of the ‘Fulfilling our Potential’ Green Paper. This proposes to make it less bureaucratically cumbersome for ‘for-profits’ to enter the market. In terms of audit culture, a Teaching Excellence Framework is proposed, which would include representatives from employers and professional groups, along with academic experts on teaching, and students, on the assessment panels. Further, universities need to be ‘open to involving employers and learned societies representing professions in curriculum design [and developing] a positive work ethic, so [graduates] can contribute more effectively to our efforts to boost the productivity of UK economy’ (BIS, 2015(a: 11. The Green Paper also holds that ‘at least 20% of graduates are not working in high skilled employment three and a half years after graduation and most employers of STEM graduates are concerned about shortages of high quality applicants’ (BIS 2015(a: 10–11. This contributes to prior messages from the Conservatives that non-STEM subjects are less useful for employment.

  12. The politics of technology and site location: impact of state interventionism on an Indian public sector firm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilip Subramanian

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Can an industrial organisation simultaneously fulfil economic and social functions, that is to say successfully reconcile its own priorities of optimal resource utilisation and productive efficiency with the larger objectives of social justice defined for it by public authorities? This is the central question this paper whose compass is restricted to the 1980s asks, and seeks to answer on the basis of a study of locational and technology choices at a big public sector manufacturing firm, Indian Telephone Industries. It will show how decisions pertaining both to the implantation of new state-owned factories and the sourcing of technology were shaped not by an economic rationale but a political one where employment generation took precedence over all other considerations. This was a consequence, on the one hand, of the paradigm of state-initiated industrial development embraced by India after Independence in 1947 and which held out the promise of future prosperity for the population at large; on the other, of the mode of governance prevailing in public enterprises where state interventionism rhymed with the complete loss of autonomy for managements. The paper concludes by pointing out that however justified the redistributive goals allocated to public enterprises from the standpoint of improving living standards, they proved highly detrimental to their efficient working as well as onerous for the exchequer.

  13. Scandalum acceptum and scandalum datum: Kant's non-Interventionism in the Fifth Preliminary Article of the Perpetual Peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Chiara Pievatolo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Is it right to wage war to export democracy, or - as Kant would have said - to forcibly interfere in the constitution and in the government of another state with the goal of transforming it into a republic? The answer of Kant, contained in the fifth preliminary article of the Perpetual Peace, leans towards non-interventionism: a bad constitution can never justify a war, because it may be the root only of a scandalum acceptum. To understand the meaning of scandalum acceptum we have to become aware that it is a term originating from moral theology, which we should translate into the language of international law. The scandal, as it was still clear to Kant’s contemporaries, is the sin of advertising a sinful behavior: but it is just a scandalum acceptum if the act that inspired others to sin has been done without the intention to give them a bad example. A flawed constitution can be only the occasion of a scandalum acceptum because its legal power does not spread its influence beyond the border of its state. If a nation chooses to imitate the allegedly wrong constitution of another state, its choice depends only on its sovereignty, because it is a matter of internal constitutional law. On the other hand, waging war against another country because of its allegedly flawed constitution is a worse kind of scandal, the scandalum datum, because it involves an international law principle of limited sovereignty according to which every state has the right to assault another state because of its constitution.

  14. Farmakologisk behandling af psykotiske tilstande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fink-Jensen, A.; Larsen, J.T.; Nielsen, B.

    2008-01-01

    Antipsychotic medication has been used for more than fifty years and has brought a dramatic improvement in the treatment of psychotic diseases by removing or reducing the psychotic symptoms and thereby also allowing other treatment approaches to be used. However, an urgent need remains for new me...

  15. Farmakologisk behandling af astma under graviditet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Akram, Iram; Ulrik, Charlotte Suppli; Johnsen, Claus Rikard

    2016-01-01

    Asthma is one of the most frequent chronic diseases which complicate pregnancy. Well-controlled asthma during pregnancy reduces the risk of for exacerbations and, consequently, the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome. Pharmacological therapy for pregnant women with asthma is a challenge, not least ...

  16. Flibanserin som farmakologisk behandling af nedsat lyst hos kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eldon, Anne Sofie; Giraldi, Annamaria

    2017-01-01

    Flibanserin was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the USA in August 2015 as the first drug for the treatment of American women with the dysfunction hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) and is a 5-HT1A agonist and 5-HT2A antagonist. The neurophysiological effects of flibanserin...... on these receptors are consistent with the clinical effects, i.e. significantly increasing sexual desire and frequency of satisfying sexual experiences. As such, shifting the balance between inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmitters of importance to sexual desire, flibanserin pharmacologically broaches a possible...... new approach to the treatment of HSDD....

  17. Farmakologisk behandling af præmatur ejakulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhlmann, Ida Berglund; Hedegaard, Ulla; Christensen, Mette Marie H

    2017-01-01

    Forfatterne anbefaler lokalanæstesi med lidokain og/eller prilokain som førstevalg. Andet valg til behandling vil være dapoxetin, som er en korttidsvirkende SSRI med indikationen præmatur ejakulation. Som tredje valg kan overvejes SSRI'et sertralin......Forfatterne anbefaler lokalanæstesi med lidokain og/eller prilokain som førstevalg. Andet valg til behandling vil være dapoxetin, som er en korttidsvirkende SSRI med indikationen præmatur ejakulation. Som tredje valg kan overvejes SSRI'et sertralin...

  18. Farmakologisk behandling af mild ukompliceret hypertension i almen praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Maja Skov; Christensen, Bo; Søndergaard, Jens

    2013-01-01

    pressure 90-99 mmHg; no diabetes or cardiovascular disease) did not reduce mortality or morbidity. The evidence for pharmacotherapy in patients having mild/uncomplicated hypertension is weak. However, current Danish guidelines have taken this into consideration in their recommendations of pharmacotherapy......Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In Denmark, patients with hypertension are primarily managed in primary care. A recent Cochrane review concluded that pharmacotherapy of patients with mild hypertension (systolic blood pressure 140-159 mmHg; diastolic blood...... to patients with mild/uncomplicated hypertension....

  19. Coronary interventionism for dissection of the artery brachial right

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conde Cerdeira, Hector; Obregon Santos, Angel Gaspar; Aroche Aportela, Ronald; Dominguez Perez, Reyber Jesus

    2007-01-01

    A prospective, no controlled study was conducted from march 1 to December 31 of 2004. 23 patients were enrolled who made outpatients coronariography and were implanted coronary stents (25 lesions) by angioplasty with optimal results. Found 73,9% of male, stable angina 52,2%, mean age 55.1 + 8.9 years. Hypertension associates to smoke habits were most frequent risk factors. 80% receive 300 mg of clopidogrel during or immediately after procedure. Left anterior descending artery was most frequently treated (44%) and B2 type lessons (64%). The mid time procedure was 48 minutes. Reference diameter 2,87 + 0.42 mm, stenosis diameter 71,6 + 15.1 mm; minimal lumen diameter 0,97 + 0.64 mm; length lesson 14,72 + 5.6 mm; stent diameter 2,9 + 0.42 mm; stent length 16,8 + 5.44 mm; insufflation's time 36,4 + 7.3 seconds; atmospheres 13,56 + 1.7; acute gain 1,96 + 0.61 mm. Two patients had minor bleeding at dissection site (8.7%) and one a little haematoma (4,3%). The radial pulse from the arm's dissection was present in all patients event 24 hours after. We conclude brachial dissection ambulatory angioplasty stent in selected patients with optimal angiography results is feasible and safe

  20. Seksuel dysfunktion i menopausen. Status over forekomst, farmakologiske behandlingsmuligheder og risici

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gregersen, Nina; Hilmand, Christina Bjerre; Jensen, Pernille Tine

    2006-01-01

    , and there is evidence suggesting that systemic hormone therapy, such as estrogen, estrogen/progesterone, estrogen/testosterone and tibolone, has a positive impact on sexual dysfunction in the menopause. There is evidence that local estrogen relieves vaginal dryness and dyspareunia. The recent discoveries of the side...... on female sexual dysfunction only in a limited group of women: those with arousal problems without desire problems. This result demands a focus on new pharmaceutical products, and at present the effect of testosterone and selective estrogen receptor modulators on female sexual dysfunction is being...

  1. Kontraspionage, kultur og kontinuitet i Kreml: Et efterretningsteoretisk perspektiv på Ruslands interventioner i Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Gundtoft

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available By applying the specialized terminology and theoretical approaches of the field of intelligence analysis, this article investigates Russian hybrid warfare in the case of Ukraine in order to offer a fuller understanding of this disputed phenomenon. Most scholars have addressed the concept of Russian hybrid warfare through a rather classical war-theoretical approach. This article, however, argues that any analysis of Russian warfare should take as its point of departure the extensive and historically consistent influence of the country’s security services. The liberal analysis presented here reveals the prevailing continuity that characterizes Russian foreign policy, including the country’s current actions in Ukraine. Most importantly, the liberal approach sheds light on the sources of this continuity, finding them embedded primarily within the security apparatus and its peculiar, strategic culture and mindset. This means that Russia’s military actions are based on the assumption that the threat from the West is imminent, and on a fundamental focus on regime security. Russian warfare today is not the result of a new, coherent military doctrine or a belief in newfound superiority as proponents of the non-liberal approach often argue – instead, it is rather born out of fear.

  2. Fascians funktion och olika fysioterapeutiska interventioners effekt på fascian

    OpenAIRE

    Hackman, Mikaela

    2017-01-01

    Fasciabehandlingar är ett relativt nytt område inom fysioterapin, även om intresse för ämnet funnits redan under antikens tid. Forskningsmetoderna har i dag blivit bättre och vi kan undersöka vävnader som varit omöjliga att undersöka tidigare, på grund av tek-nikbrist. Syftet med det här arbetet är att ta reda på vad forskningen idag kommit fram till i fråga om fascia, ffa då det handlar om smärta, och hur fysioterapeuten kan ha nytta av kunskapen vid behandling av klienter. Den första forskn...

  3. THE MILITARY STATE IN SOUTH AMERICA: INTERVENTIONISM, CAUDILLOS AND ARMED FORCES

    OpenAIRE

    PEDRO RIVAS NIETO

    2018-01-01

    In this work the author analyzes the elements of the Military State, which was the result of National Security Regimes. They ruled South America during the last third of the 20th century. The behaviour of the Armed Forces is compared with that of the classic caudillos. The Armed Forces-Civil Society relationship is studied too. And, of course, the intervention in political issues by the military and their relationship with political parties is also analyzed, as well. The conclusion ends with ...

  4. Faces of conflict : Interventionism and substantiveness in the conflict framing process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartholomé, A.A.J.

    2017-01-01

    Political conflicts in the media are a central aspect of a functioning democracy. Being exposed to different viewpoints helps citizens in forming an opinion and knowing what standpoints political parties take in political matters. The media play an important role in this process. This dissertation

  5. Sygepleje til trakeostomerede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Dorthe Wiinholdt; Richard, René; Rydahl Hansen, Susan

    2016-01-01

    Der er ikke enighed om principperne bag plejen af trakeostomerede patienter, når de er i risiko for dysfagi og silent aspiration. Uenigheden har ført til udarbejdelse af en klinisk retningslinje med evidensbaserede anbefalinger....

  6. Sobre a deontologia do intervencionismo estatal no setor saúde On the deontology of government interventionism in the health sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Flávio Silveira

    1988-06-01

    Full Text Available Relata-se o processo que define a mercantilização, o corporativismo, as ações preventivas e educativas em saúde pública e as investigações científicas básicas e aplicadas na medicina de modo a caracterizar algumas causas e efeitos da aplicação da perspectiva de individualização que é decorrência dos princípios da doutrina utilitarista. Os problemas da assistência à saúde, os problemas educacionais e os fatores do desenvolvimento cultural, científico e econômico são discutidos através de uma análise inter-relacionada onde é detectada a tendência resistente à superação dessa perspectiva. Os princípios utilitaristas foram entendidos como produtores de efeitos contrários aos desejados pelo controle político, ou seja, a ineficiência do setor saúde, causada por este controle, passa a constituir, ela mesma, uma ameaça à ordem social que este arranjo político pretende manter. Assim, há exigências de concentração institucional das ações de saúde, de divisão técnica do trabalho e de desenvolvimento de tecnologias de processo que podem ser integradas à prática política atual a partir do entendimento apresentado.The attitude adopted to problems in the health sector is based on principles which arise from the doctrine of utilitarian philosophy which imposes a perspective of individualization incapable of providing structural solutions. The process which defines the mercantilization, the corporative system, the preventive and educative action in public health and both basic scientific investigation as well as that applied in Medicine is described insuch a way as to characterize some of the causes and the effects of this perspective. By means of the inter-connected analysis of the problems of health assistance, of education and of cultural, scientific and economic development, the tendency to resist the movement to replace this perspective and the consequence inertia of the evolution of the health sector is discussed By this analysis it is also to be seen that the utilitarian principles produce the inverse effect to that desired by the political guide-lines adopted, that is to say, when they make the health sector inefficient, they then become a threat to the social order which it wishes to maintain. Thus it is concluded that the demands of the institutional concentration of health actions, of the technical division of labor and of the development of adequate technologies of process, can be integrated into present political practice on the basis of this understanding.

  7. Multimetodisk social intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Linda Lundgaard

    2016-01-01

    Sociale interventioner er en fællesbetegnelse for indsatser og aktiviteter, som i dag er en integrereret del af velfærdsydelser som uddannelse, sundhed og sociale indsatser. Sociale interventioner har stor spændvidde med mange tilgange og forskellige metoder. I dette kapitel sættes fokus på......, hvordan praksisnære og multimetodiske sociale interventioner kan udfolde sig. Jeg belyser med afsæt i Bromley by Bow, en engelsk civilsamfundsplatform og en socialøkonomisk organisation, hvordan det multimetodiske kan praktiseres som sociale interventioner og civilsamfundsindsatser lokaliseret i en fælles...

  8. Forord

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Lasse; Hornbek, Birgitte Rasmussen; Jørgensen, Henrik

    2016-01-01

    Bogen introduceres som udtryk for en mission om at inspirere til alternativer til nutidens dominerende forestillinger om, at viden alene er ensbetydende med evidensbaserede udsagn. Bogen peger i den forbindelse på muligheder for forskning, hvor samspillet mellem praksis, virkelighed og erkendelse...

  9. Skolestøtte til børn i familiepleje – delrapport II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Luna Kragh; Eiberg, Misja

    Forskningsprojektet ”Skolestøtte til børn i familiepleje” har afprøvet to skolestøttende interventioner, som netop har til formål at forbedre de anbragtes faglige, sociale og kognitive evner. I denne rapport undersøges implementeringen af den ene af disse interventioner, kaldet ”LUKoP-modellen”. ...

  10. Det man tænker er man selv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenbaum, Philip

    2017-01-01

    I en tid, hvor ”det postfaktuelle samfund” er det mest populære udtryk øst for Valby bakke, er det vigtigt for de profaktuelle fanebærere at forstå, at fakta og evidens ikke i sig selv ændrer på folks opfattelse og holdninger. For at evidensbaserede argumenter skal få en vigtig position i samfund...

  11. Les Politiques de soutien à l’art en Angleterre depuis 1990 : « exception britannique », dirigisme ou modèle hybride ? English Arts Policies since 1990: Laissez-Faire, Interventionism or a Hybrid Model?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Doustaly

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1990s, English public support for the arts has drawn closer to the continental model of administration of culture while retaining and even creating idiosyncracies: funds are increasing but come partly from the National Lottery rather than taxes, and they are still distributed by Non-Departmental Public Bodies (NDPBs. However, the State intervenes more directly than in the past, and public opinion accepts public funding of culture more readily. One may wonder if there is still a style of arts administration characteristic of England, and in this case, what its features are. This article analyses the relationship between the State and the arts supported by Arts Council England, a NDPB responsible for distributing public funds to live and visual arts organisations in line with the Department for Culture, Media and Sport’s policy.

  12. A Influência do contexto familiar nas decisões judiciais a respeito de atos infracionais de adolescentes: o intervencionismo familiar ainda se faz presente? = The influence of the family context in judicial decisions regarding offenses committed by adolescents: is the practice of family interventionism still present?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costa, Ana Paula Motta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa, a partir de uma análise qualitativa de jurisprudência, se a situação familiar de um adolescente acusado de cometer ato infracional é considerada, pelo Poder Judiciário, como um fator relevante na decisão da medida socioeducativa a ser aplicada. Objetiva-se problematizar a influência do contexto familiar no tratamento penal dos adolescentes, tendo em mente os preconceitos a respeito de estruturas familiares existentes nas sociedades contemporâneas e a histórica presença de práticas de intervencionismo familiar nas políticas públicas brasileiras. Embora a atual legislação de Direito Penal Juvenil adote um paradigma de responsabilização penal individual do adolescente perante um sistema especialmente pensado para essa faixa etária, observa-se que a real implementação desse modelo enfrenta dificuldades no Brasil, permanecendo, em paralelo, antigas práticas discordantes da doutrina atual, como a de basear o tratamento direcionado a crianças e adolescentes em suas condições sociais e familiares

  13. Sammenligning af sertindols og olanzapins effekt på kognition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, René Ernst

    Der er gennem de senere år kommet tiltagende fokus, både nationalt og internationalt, på de kognitive deficits der ses hos patienter med skizofreni. Det er kendt at den farmakologiske behandling har indflydelse på kognition funktion, men det er endnu ikke fyldestgørende klarlagt hvorledes de enke...... enkelte atypiske antipsykotika påvirker kognitiv funktion. Der vil blive beskrevet studiedesign for SEROLA studiet, som sammenligner sertindol og olanzapin med kognition, målt med CANTAB, som primært outcome....

  14. Notes on the notion of "just war"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zangenberg, Mikkel

    2009-01-01

    En Bordieu-inspireret analyse af ideen om "retfærdig krig", og forholdet mellem intellektuelle og krigsførsel - set i lyset af kritiske interventioner i forhold til Irak-krigen ved Michael Walzer, Slavoj Zizek, og Antonio Negri og Michael Hardt. Udgivelsesdato: july 09......En Bordieu-inspireret analyse af ideen om "retfærdig krig", og forholdet mellem intellektuelle og krigsførsel - set i lyset af kritiske interventioner i forhold til Irak-krigen ved Michael Walzer, Slavoj Zizek, og Antonio Negri og Michael Hardt. Udgivelsesdato: july 09...

  15. Housing First i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benjaminsen, Lars; Dyrby, Therese Marie; Enemark, Morten Holm

    Rapporten er en evaluering af arbejdet med at udbrede og forankre Housing First-indsatsen og tre evidensbaserede bostøttemetoder. Hovedprincippet i Housing First er, at udsatte borgere, der er endt i hjemløshed, får et permanent sted at bo allerede i starten af et indsatsforløb, samtidig med...... at borgeren får en intensiv social støtte i hverdagen. De evidensbaserede bostøttemetoder, der er anvendes sammen med Housing First-tilgangen er Critical Time Intervention (CTI), Intensive Case Management (ICM) og Assertive Community Treatment (ACT). Rapporten beskriver erfaringer omkring de ledelsesmæssige...... og organisatoriske rammer, målgruppen for indsatserne og om de konkrete indsatser i kommunerne. Evalueringen viser, at både borgere og kommuner har gode erfaringer med Housing First, men at især manglen på billige og passende boliger er en alvorlig barriere for udbredelsen af indsatsen. Evalueringen...

  16. The African Diaspora and Africa's Development in the Twenty-first

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sulaiman.adebowale

    2007-12-26

    Dec 26, 2007 ... complex issues of national sovereignty, integrity and interventionism, the paper explores ... 'interference' in African internal business; who should set the agenda for their ..... Through the activities of diaspora blacks such as William .... material and moral support to the liberation struggles that were still being.

  17. Forskning i musikintervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, Karin; Bonde, Lars Ole

    2012-01-01

    musikmedicinske interventioner dog signifikant positiv effekt på patienternes smerteoplevelse. Cochrane reviews dokumenterer, at musikinterventioner kan reducere intensiteten af smerteoplevelsen, og at brugen af smertestillende medicin (fx morfin) kan reduceres med op til 50%, når patienter lytter til musik...

  18. Skolestøtte til børn i familiepleje – delrapport III

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiberg, Misja; Andersen, Luna Kragh

    Forskningsprojektet ”Skolestøtte til børn i familiepleje” har afprøvet to skolestøttende interventioner, som netop har til formål at forbedre de anbragtes faglige, sociale og kognitive evner. I denne rapport beskrives den mest succesfulde af de to afprøvede indsatser, kaldet ”LUKoP-modellen, som ...

  19. Projekt Palliation i Nyborg Kommune på Fyn i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raunkiær, Mette; Kronborg, N. C; Tind Nielsen, K

    2012-01-01

    de forskellige faggruppers (læger, sygeplejersker og andre pleje-omsorgspersoner) oplevede udfordringer og med udgangspunkt i The Gold Standards Framework er der udviklet og iværksat følgende interventioner: screening af palliative kræft- og ikke-kræftpatienter, forløbsbeskrivelse, opsporingsskema...

  20. Safewards Len Bowers egne kommentarer i årene efter udgivelsen af Safewards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Jesper; Hvidhjelm, Jacob Christian

    2017-01-01

    Selvom professor i psykiatrisk sygepleje Len Bowers gik på pension sidste år, korrigerer han stadig psykiatriske sygeplejersker, når han ser, at Safewards interventioner misforstås. Det er også nødvendigt, at vi i Danmark forstår Safewards grundlæggende ideologi. Derfor har postdoc Jacob Hvidhjel...

  1. Gruppemusikterapi med patienter med borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse i dagbehandlingsregi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hannibal, Niels

    2008-01-01

    Denne artikel er første redegørelse for de erfaringer, som er gjort med gruppemusikterapi (GMT) for patienter med borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse (BPF) i dagbehandlingsregi på Aalborg Psykiatriske Sygehus. Artiklen indeholder både konkrete anvisninger til aktiviteter og interventioner, liges...

  2. Reconsiderations of the Development and Governance Model after the Financial and Economic Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petre Prisecaru

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Financial crisis brought to the fore the fierce confrontation between Keynes disciples and Friedman disciples, between demand siders and supply siders, between Obama’s policies focused on economic growrh and EU austerity policies focused on deficit and debts reduction. Monetary policy showed its limits and neoliberal approach favored the risky products(derivatives and speculative activities. Supply siders, like David Harper, centred on three pillars: tax incentives, competition policy, enhancement of productive credit. Lisbon Strategy and Europe 2020 represent a supply side agenda based on sectoral policies. Great economists like Joseph Stiglitz and Paul Krugman have supported state interventionism and higher government spending for demand recovery and resuming the economic growth. Besides state interventionism one needs the urgent reconsideration of capitalist development model and strongly improving the governance at all levels: global, European, national, corporate.

  3. The American Expeditionary Force Siberia: A Case Study of Operational Art with Ambiguous Strategic Objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    advocated increased military interventionism. In March 1918, when the Bolshevik government signed the Treaty of Brest -Litovsk, the Allied powers faced...question of Russia’s future was one of the main issues during the Paris Peace Conference. In fact, the State Department had informed the War...Siberia was no longer valid because the question of Russia’s future was decided at the Paris Peace Conference. The Allies remained in Russia after June

  4. Privatization in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Kjellstrom, Sven B.

    1990-01-01

    State capitalism has been a basic tenet of the developing strategy for Turkey for half a century, with import-substituting industrialization through state economic enterprises (SEEs) as a guiding principle. By 1980 a serious economic and political crisis called for a reassessment of economic policies. Policy reorientation was radical : from import substitution to export promotion, from interventionism to market forces, and from promotion of SEEs to promotion of the private sector. The state's...

  5. Enhanced care by generalists for functional somatic symptoms and disorders in primary care (Review)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosendal, Marianne; Blankenstein, Annette H; Morriss, Richard

    2013-01-01

    tyder dog på, at der kan opnås effekt, hvis patientmålgruppen afgrænses nøje og synliggøres for lægen, og hvis lægen løbende mindes om interventionsmulighederne. Oversigtsartiklen er lavet i regi af Cochrane, og det primære formål med studiet var at undersøge den kliniske effekt af interventioner i...

  6. Conflict prevention as pragmatic response to a twofold crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Katja Lindskov; Engell, Troels Gauslå

    2018-01-01

    Contemporary conflict prevention depends on information gathering and knowledge production about developments within the borders of a state, whose internal affairs have been deemed precarious by external actors. The international community, especially the United Nations (UN), calls this early...... prevention not as a retreat from liberal interventionism, but as a pragmatic response to its purported crisis. Crucially, although conflict prevention falls short of military intervention, it nonetheless leaves important interventionist footprints....

  7. Europeizacja nadzoru bankowego w Polsce

    OpenAIRE

    Urbaniak, Jarosław

    2009-01-01

    Banking supervision is a form of state interventionism applied by this state to express its intention to exercise control over the safety and appropriate functioning of banking system. Membership of the EU has created a new situation in the operation of banking supervision. After the process of harmonization of Polish supervisory solutions was successfully completed, the supervision started to operate under the new circumstances, regulated by the principles of the uniform European financia...

  8. Manual on best practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxlund, Bjarke

    Der er mange måder at imødegå den globale hiv/aids epidemi på, men ikke alle tilgange virker lige godt. 'Best practices' er blevet lanceret af UNAIDS og andre som et værktøj til at sikre, at kun de mest effektive og virkningsfulde interventioner bliver promoveret i hiv/aids forebyggelse, behandling...

  9. G protein-independent effects of the Angiotensin II type I receptor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Gitte Lund

    2010-01-01

    Angiotensin II type 1 receptoren (AT1R) er en syv transmembranreceptor (7TMR) og et vigtigt terapeutisk target indenfor kardiovaskulær medicin. AT1R er gennem de seneste år blevet en model for det concept, at 7TMRer kan signalere via andre og mindre velbeskrevne signalveje end de G protein...... afhængige. Skæve agonister, som blokerer G protein signaleringen mens de samtidig aktiverer de G protein uafhængige signaleringsveje er blevet brugt til at beskrive de to hovedgrene i AT1R signaleringen i cellemodelsystemer. Vi påviser at denne farmakologiske differentiering af de to signalveje er relevant...... i primære kardiomyocytter og hele hjerter og endvidere at skæve agonister kan adskille skadelig hypertrofisk vækst fra ønskelig fornyelse af hjertemuskelceller. Deruover har fokus i denne PhD afhandling været på at beskrive de G protein uafhængige effekter af AT1R aktivering vha. den skæve agonist...

  10. Performance Analyses in an Assistive Technology Service Delivery Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Anne Karin

    Performance Analyses in an Assistive Technology Service Delivery Process.Keywords: process model, occupational performance, assistive technologiesThe Poster is about teaching students, using models and theory in education and practice. It is related to Occupational therapy process and professional...... af top-til-bund, klientcentreret og aktivitetsbaseret interventioner, ERGO/MunksgaardFisher, A. &, Griswold, L. A., 2014. Performance Skills. I: B.Schell red.2014 Occupational Therapy. Willard &Spackman’s occupational therapy. -12th ed., p.249-264Cook A.M., Polgar J.M. (2015) Assistive Technologies...

  11. Estado, burguesia e legislacao trabalhista brasileira no limiar dos anos 30: notas para uma discussao.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Vicente de Morales.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The creation and implementation of Brazilian labor laws during the 1930s gave rise to important political debates. The various stakeholders - the state, the bourgeoisie, and workers - each with their own social project, had forged mechanisms designed to protect their own interests. Within this framework, this article addresses the arguments regarding the Expulsión of Foreigners Act (1907, the “Dois Terços”(Two-thirds Act (1930, and the Unionization Act (1931. These acts provide clear evidence that the growth of state interventionism was accompanied by tensions and changes, and that the labor legislation was not simply the ‘gift’ of a Corporate State.

  12. "medarbetarna ska hålla i längden" : en kvalitativ studie om en hälsointervention ur ett chefsperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Frögner, Ulrika; Nilsson, Karolina

    2014-01-01

    Organisationen har en betydande roll i medarbetarens livspussel. Det finns mycket att vinna för arbetsgivaren genom att hantera problem och finna lösningar som passar den anställde. Studier av hälsofrämjande interventioner på arbetsplatsen visar att bäst resultat uppnås om interventionen riktar sig samtidigt till både individen och organisationen. Syftet med studien var att beskriva kommunanställda chefers uppfattningar av hur en interventionsstudie, som chefernas medarbetare deltagit i, påve...

  13. Stabilization policies for the tourist sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjalager, A. M.

    1999-01-01

    Over the past few decades, tourism has increasingly been included in economic policies at all levels. Not surprisingly, the tourism sector is highly satisfied with this development: the inclusion in economic policies can be taken as an indication of its acceptance as a respectable player - on equal...... and entries of firms. Data from the tourism sector in Denmark serve to illustrate the problems with considerable turbulence in the population of tourism enterprises. Instability can be regarded as a major challenge for policy makers. Within the policy tradition of interventionism, two main types of measures...

  14. Omega-3 fiskeolie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Anita; Sørensen, Jan

    2009-01-01

    Rapport afgrænser sig til evidensbaserede helbredsmæssige gevinster ved et øget indtag af langkædede omega-3, som opnås ved en kost rig på fisk eller som et tilskud af fiskeolier. Der gennemføres en systematisk litteraturgennemgang, som baserer sig på et evidensniveau svarende til styrke A. Det...... betyder, at gennemgangen inkluderer metaanalyser/oversigtsartikler af enten eksperimentelle studier eller observationsstudier, endvidere indgår udvalgte større RCT, som er refereret i meta-analyserne. Sammenfattende findes på baggrund af litteraturgennemgang, at tilskud af omega-3 har effekt på...... hjertesygdom ved at nedsætte mortaliteten. Effekten er mest evident ved personer i særlig risiko for at udvikle hjerte-karsygdom, eller som sekundær/tertiær profylakse. Tilsvarende findes også ved tilskud af omega-3 en forebyggende effekt i forhold til iskæmisk apopleksi. Af mulige virkningsmekanismer viser...

  15. Determinants of State Intervention: Evidence for the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona-Gabriela MAŞCA

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to analyze the determinants of State intervention upon the social and economic life, and to grasp their implications in terms of public policy. The problem of State interventionism is a current one, and over time it has been under the influence of certain factors such as interstate differences, economic and social crises, political governance of the country, regional policy and globalization. The challenges that the current economic crisis brings in terms of State interventionism, are also presented. Some indicators that quantify the extent of State intervention through public expenditures are analyzed for the EU member countries (1995- 2010 in order to capture the general trends in their evolution and the peculiarities of their structure. The empirical analysis, based on a panel econometric model, aims to establish the relevance held by the main determinants for the degree of State intervention in budgetary expenditure, for the EU countries. The possibilities for an increasing State interference during the crisis, related with the withdrawal of the State once the crisis would be overcome, are valued with reference to the significant determinants of the interference policy derived from empirical analysis.

  16. Sovereignty and regional integration in Latin America: a political conundrum?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto de Almeida

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available There is an inherent contradiction between the regional integration projects in Latin America, albeit rhetorically conducted, and the staunch defense by most countries of their national sovereignty, which restricts and opposes many liberalization mechanisms implicit in, and necessary to, the integration processes, based on the rendition of sovereignty in some areas of economic relevance, including, and especially, trade and industrial policies, as well as other sectorial measures. The dilemma is historically compounded by a juridical tradition that places the retraction into an introverted version of the sovereignty principle into the context of conceptual elaborations well known in the international law, such as Calvo doctrine and the Drago principle. Brazil is one of the most resolute promoters of the national sovereignty principle among Latin American countries, clearly expressed in its constitutional chart and foreign policy stances, since the Second Hague peace conference of 1907. Other Latin American countries, mainly in Central America and the Caribbean, are much more motivated by real concerns over recurrent United States interventionism in the regional, in some cases by military means. This framework has somewhat infringed on integration projects, which is also hindered by economic nationalism and state interventionism.

  17. Observations on Professor Hayek's Plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludwig von Mises

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This memorandum was written at the request of Henry Hazlitt to provide Mises’s comments on and concerns about F.A. Hayek’s initial proposals for what became the Mont Pèlerin Society. Mises stresses that those who favor liberty and freedom and oppose totalitarianism must also oppose interventionism. The memo argues that those who fought and lost against the rising tide of totalitarianism at the turn of the 20th Century lost their battles because they settled for middle-of-the-road policies that conceded considerable ground to the socialists. The weak point in Professor Hayek’s plan is that it relies upon the cooperation of many men who are today’s middle-of-the-roaders. As interventionists, they may not be the hoped-for intellectual pioneers to inspire people to build a freer world.

  18. ″The Anthropocene″, Ecosystem Management, and Environmental Virtue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandler, Ronald

    2016-01-01

    *Portions of this article are drawn from: Sandler, R. Environmental Ethics: Theory in Practice, Oxford University Press, New York, in press. In this article I consider contrasting views on the implications of rapid, macroscale anthropogenic change for environmental ethics, particularly ecosystem management, species conservation, and environmental virtue. I begin by reviewing the Anthropocene debate, which has become a primary point of discourse on whether we ought to embrace a more interventionist stance regarding ecosystem management and species conservation. I then discuss the challenges posed by rapid ecological change to predominant ecosystem management and species conservation practices. I argue that these challenges not withstanding, we ought not go all in on interventionist management, even as novel conservation and management techniques can be justified in particular cases. It is possible to adopt a more forward looking normative stance, without licensing robust interventionism. Finally, I discuss the implications of this for some environmental virtues.

  19. Market as microeconomic environment: Mechanisms and controversy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brkić Ivana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary microeconomic principles are based on market ideology. The paper presents the description of market mechanisms, as well as interpreted economic realities in their application. Although none of science stream excludes completely the efficiency and presence of other, it is disputed over the dominance of the market or the state within the economic processes. The gap between two doctrines: market self-regulation vs. state interventionism allows us to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of one and the other concept. The symbiosis of these two institutions - market and state - could give good results in the achievement of social goals, creating a welfare society, and thus deal with the problems of today: the degradation of an environment, the economic crisis and social inequality.

  20. Evaluering af en sygeplejestyret hjertesvigtsklinik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Streym, Súsanna við

    2008-01-01

    den helbredsrelaterede livskvalitet målt ved hjælp af Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHF) ved baseline og efter der minimum var gået 10 uger. Genindlæggelseshyppigheden og gennemsnitsindlæggelsestiden, blev målt ved at sammenligne alle førstegangsindlæggelser fra 1. marts 2006 til...... tilbuddet om fysisk træning, ville have taget imod det (n=18). Konklusion: Den helbredsrelaterede livskvalitet var signifikant forbedret efter opfølgende undersøgelse. Dog kan dette studie ikke påvise, eksakt hvilke interventioner der har haft indflydelse på forbedringen. Der er ingen forskel på...

  1. Indledning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Frits; Ladegaard, Jakob

    2017-01-01

    designteori, teori om multimodalitet, legeteori, kreativitetsteori og teorier fra feltet Human Computer Interaction (HCI). I projektet har indgået en række af seks interventioner, som er gennemført på hver af de deltagende skoler og som har udgjort omdrejningspunktet i udviklings- og forskningsprojektet...... ”naturligt” i skolehverdagen, altså være og kunne blive en del af den daglige skolepraksis, at kompleksiteten skulle øges fra første til sidste intervention, og at eleverne skulle producere læringsressourcer til andre elever. Konklusionen på projektet er, at elevernes digitale produktion kvalificerer...... elevernes faglige læreprocesser og læringsresultater, når lærerne udarbejder didaktiske rammedesign, hvor eleverne arbejder selvstændigt inden for dette rammedesign, og hvor mål og procesevaluering stilladserer elevernes faglige proces....

  2. Competitive Advantaje Anatomy: from Methodological Holism to State Capture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cosmin Marinescu

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available According to the orthodox theory of international trade, the argument of selective industrial policy means the state capability of identifying competitive advantages and to exploit them. In this approach, I want to emphasize the necessity of a critical reconsideration of the “competitive advantage” and “national competitiveness”, and also of the implications deriving from these concepts over public policy. First of all, I analyzed the scientifically basis of competitiveness: on the free market, the competitive advantage is given by the entrepreneurial ability, which so becomes the real source of the economic success. Being given any other conditions, meaning here a market affected by state’s interventionism, reaching “competitive advantages” derives from rent-seeking activities which attend to capture public policy.

  3. Competitive Advantaje Anatomy: from Methodological Holism to State Capture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cosmin Marinescu

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available According to the orthodox theory of international trade, the argument of selective industrial policy means the state capability of identifying competitive advantages and to exploit them. In this approach, I want to emphasize the necessity of a critical reconsideration of the “competitive advantage” and “national competitiveness”, and also of the implications deriving from these concepts over public policy. First of all, I analyzed the scientifically basis of competitiveness: on the free market, the competitive advantage is given by the entrepreneurial ability, which so becomes the real source of the economic success. Being given any other conditions, meaning here a market affected by state’s interventionism, reaching “competitive advantages” derives from rent-seeking activities which attend to capture public policy.

  4. Musiklyttepuder, lyd-bøjler og spillelister i behandlingen af psykiatriske patienter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niels Hannibal

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Personaleerfaringer med at anvende musiklyttepuder til forskellige grupper af patienter i psykiatrien i Aalborg. Denne artikel omhandler anvendelse af receptiv musikmedicin i psykiatrien. Artiklen har specielt fokus på interventioner, hvor ikke-musikterapeutisk personale administrerer musikken til patienter, med henblik på at mindske uro, agitation og anvendelse af PN-medicin samt aflede fra tankerforstyrrelse og forbedre indsovning. Artiklen indeholder en interviewundersøgelse, hvor fem personaler fra forskellige afdelinger informerer om erfaringer med implementering af musikken i form af musiklytteudstyr. Undersøgelsen dokumenterer bl.a.: At interventionen kan virke efter hensigten. At det er vigtigt, at der er musikterapeut tilknyttet som konsulent. At der er nogle tekniske barrierer og behov for en forenkling af musikprogrammer/spillelister. Endelig konkluderes det, at der er behov for dokumentation for effekten gennem en systematisk undersøgelsen.

  5. Gruppemusikterapi med patienter med borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse i dagbehandlingsregi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niels Hannibal

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel er første redegørelse for de erfaringer, som er gjort med gruppemusikterapi (GMT for patienter med borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse (BPF i dagbehandlingsregi på Aalborg Psykiatriske Sygehus. Artiklen indeholder både konkrete anvisninger til aktiviteter og interventioner, ligesom den i et teoretisk perspektiv redegør for forskellige processer og reaktioner, der kan iagttages i behandlingen. Artiklen konkluderer, at GMT i sin nuværende form kan bidrage til udvikling af BPF-patienters evne til mentalisering og affektregulering, til opbygning af en gruppefølelse og fremme af interpersonel læring, ligesom GMT kan udvikle alliance til terapi generelt og GMT specifikt.

  6. Fra kollegial supervision til fællesfaglig udvikling - et eksperiment med entreprenørskabsundervisning i faget Kulturformidling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elbeshausen, Hans; Jensen, Agnete Lunddahl; Riis, Ragnhild

    2013-01-01

    . Deres involvering viste sig i dialogiske interventioner i undervisningens form og indhold. This article presents an explorative journey carried out by a team of teachers. The aim was to develop their teaching methods in master courses in communication by integrating entrepreneurial thinking. The focus......Artiklen handler om at tilegne sig viden om entreprenørskab som undervisningsform gennem en eksperimentel praksis. Vi beskriver udfordringer, dilemmaer, erfaringer og vendepunkter i forløbet og forklarer, hvordan fokus i den kollegiale supervision flyttede til at udvikle faglighed i fællesskab....... Forløbets eksplorative og fleksible form blev ledsaget af dialog på flere niveauer og inddrog både de studerende og alle undervisere. Målene kunne præciseres og ændres, og institutionens faglighed udvides. Med metaforen ’tvillinger’ blev kolleger indbudt til særligt at følge underviserne i eksperimentet...

  7. Peace through Institutions: Woodrow Wilson and the Paris Peace Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burak Küntay

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available As we approach the centennial of World War I, it is fitting to undertake a retrospective, academic review of the institutions devised in the war’s aftermath. The efforts to build and sustain a global order ensuring peace and cooperation in the international community - which ultimately failed with the beginning of a Second World War—constitute telling and timely lessons for world politics today. This paper looks critically at America’s role in World War I, diplomatic talks preceding the signature of the treaty of Versailles, and domestic and international reactions to President Woodrow Wilson’s signature idealism.The paper begins with a historical overview of how World War I began in Europe in an effort to contextualize the entrance of the United States in 1917, two and a half years after the war began. Since Woodrow Wilson originally promoted American neutrality, and U.S. public opinion had mostly favored isolationism until World War I, Wilson’s presidency represents a historic shift in American foreign policy to interventionism and eventually, its post-Cold War “global policeman” status. Assessing the main actors of WWI and America’s role in it serves to frame Woodrow Wilson’s asymmetrical reception within his own country. In the U.S., Wilson’s foreign affairs record is characterized by his intervention in Mexico, his original attempt to remain uninvolved in Europe’s war, and his failed attempt to keep peace after the war. Wilson garnered domestic support for U.S. entrance with his call to “make the world safe for democracy.” Using such overt idealistic rhetoric in the foreign policymaking decision process was novel at the time, but sounds all too familiar today. Post-WWI, Wilson’s fight with Congress and the U.S. not entering into the League of Nations resembles rifts between U.S. administrations and their Congresses in recent times, and it arguably indirectly contributed to the occurrence of the World War II. As U

  8. How current are EURATOM provisions on nuclear supply and ownership in view of the European Union's enlargement?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bouquet, A.

    2001-01-01

    This contribution is mainly based on two papers presented at nuclear law conferences in 1998 and 2001, respectively setting out the special provisions governing supplies of nuclear fuels to the European Union (Chapter 6 of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, hereinafter referred to as the 'Euratom Treaty') and the right of ownership of the Euratom Community (Chapter 8 of the Euratom Treaty). These special Treaty provisions cannot be compared to anything observed in other legal systems. Hence, with their introduction into the legal systems of the new European Union member states, the question arises as to how current these provisions are and how they have been implemented in practice. Two of the fundamental objectives of the Euratom Treaty most relevant in this field are to ensure that all users in the Community receive a regular and equitable supply of ores and nuclear fuels (Article 2d Euratom) and to exercise the Community's right of ownership with respect to special fissile materials (Article 2f Euratom). Furthermore, the objectives of ensuring the establishment of the basic installations necessary for the development of nuclear energy in the Community (Article 2c Euratom), of safeguarding that material is not diverted from its intended use (Article 2e Euratom), of establishing a common market (Article 2g Euratom) and of maintaining external relations (Article 2h Euratom) can be relevant to nuclear trade and to the Supply Agency's action. The Treaty's philosophy with regard to supply and ownership is the result of a delicate compromise between public authority interventionism and a more free market approach. The interventionism resulted in a monopolistic system of supplies (exclusive right to conclude contracts, right of option, public authority ownership), whereas the free market approach brought about the commercial organisation of the entity responsible for the implementation of supply provisions (separate legal entity, market

  9. Spirometry utilization among Danish adults initiating medication targeting obstructive lung disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koefoed, Mette

    2013-01-01

    litteraturen, at mange af disse patienter får medicinsk behandling for deres symptomer uden yderligere undersøgelser, selvom symptomer og klinisk undersøgelse ikke med tilstrækkelig sikkerhed kan prædiktere, hvem der har astma og eller KOL. Spirometri er anbefalet som Gold Standard for at bekræfte eller...... den diagnostiske proces og at blive udsat for unødig medicinsk behandling. Litteraturen tyder på, at mange medicinbrugere ikke bliver undersøgt med spirometri og muligvis ikke har obstruktive lungelidelser. Dette kvalitetsproblem bør afdækkes, og associationer med manglende spirometri i denne gruppe...... bør klarlægges, så interventioner kan målrettes. Formål: Blandt nye brugere af obstruktiv lungemedicin var formålet at: • Afdække i hvor høj grad spirometri var udført indenfor det første år, efter at medicineringen var påbegyndt • Afdække om patientkarakteristika såsom socioøkonomisk og demografisk...

  10. Effect of changes in technical parameters in radiological safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Avendano, Ge; Fernandez, C

    2007-01-01

    This work analyzes the generation of secondary radiation that affects the professionals of health during interventional X ray procedures in first level hospitals. The research objectives were, on the one hand, to quantify the amount of radiation and to compare it with norms in force with respect to magnitudes, and on the other hand to evaluate the elements of protection used. The measurements will help to improve the radiological safety, to assess the eventuality of risks and, in the last term, to the possibility of norms modification for the improvement of the protection, especially that of the personnel who daily make a certain amount of interventional procedures guided by radiation, like angiographic cine applications, using continuous or pulsed fluoroscopy. The motivation of the study is in the suspicion that present interventionism is made with a false sensation of safety, based only in the use of lead apron and protection elements incorporated in the equipment by the manufacturer, nevertheless not always the health personnel are conscious that an excessive proximity with the tube and the patient body becomes a risky source of secondary and scattered radiation. The obtained results allow us to demonstrate the existence of conditions of risk, even possible iatrogenic events, in particular when the procedures imply the use of certain techniques of radiographic exploration, thus reaching the conclusion that the radiographic methodology must be changed in order to rationalize so much?. In order to achieve this we propose modifications to the present norms and legislation referred to the radiological safety in Chile

  11. [Evaluation by focus groups on women's expectations and perceptions during the birth process].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreiro-Losada, M T; Díaz-Sanisidro, E; Martínez-Romero, M D; Rial-Boubeta, A; Varela-Mallou, J; Clavería-Fontán, A

    2013-01-01

    Delivery care giving is undergoing excessive interventionism today, not supported by scientific evidence, neglecting organisational aspects and individualisation. This study analyses the perception of mothers during their delivery, postpartum and breastfeeding periods in the Galician Health Service, in order to inform and help to improve this service. A total of 14 focus group meetings were held (one in each Galician public hospital), consisting of women who, in 2008, delivered by vaginal delivery or those who were not scheduled for a caesarean section. The process of birth analysis can identify a sequence of important elements both positive and negative, for mothers, and may lead to suggestions for improvement. Their experiences and opinions, especially in aspects such as participation in decision-making, mechanisation of labour and lactation, may help to conduct an assessment of the maternity ward operating. When investigating expectations and demands from users, information from perceived quality is received, and also mothers' experience is shared. Mothers call for humanity, empathy, information and participation. Facing the implementation of these elements, the key processes for working harder are the dilation stage and hospital staying. Copyright © 2012 SECA. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  12. Current Economic and Financial Crisis – New Issues or Returning to the Old Problems? Paradigms, Causes, Effects and Solutions Adopted

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix TOTIR

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available At the ideological level, the current crisis, as the others in history, has triggered an intellectual debate among several applicable ideas: ultra-liberal theory of the "invisible hand" of Adam Smith, Keynes's theory of state interventionism and even neo-Marxist theories. Globalization, with all its core components, generates a chain reaction when the phenomenon occurs, either positive or negative. The origin of the current financial crisis should be sought in the effects of massive cross-border capital flows and the use of more complex derivatives. Reaching the saturation of the three engines of economic growth worldwide in the period after the collapse of the socialist bloc is another important cause of all the failures that currently exist worldwide. Acquisition of toxic assets from bank balance sheets, their recapitalization and takeover by the state, but also the reinforcement of the prudential supervision of capitalization, liquidity and risk management system, improved transparency and speed the process of evaluating or reinforcing authorities' response to risk, can be considered short or long term anti-crisis measures, as appropriate.

  13. Changes in the practice of environment monitoring at the Cadarache Nuclear Research Centre as a function of experience. Some examples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grandin, M.

    1980-09-01

    From a few examples we have seen signs of a changed attitude towards the environment monitoring of nuclear plants affecting the choice of materials and the way in which they are used. Conversely the development of technology has played its own part during the same period, though it must be said in all honesty that for reasons of cost this development is not quite finished. The changes, whether voluntary or due to the pressure of local conditions, have converged in a general tendency to substitute a degree of 'interventionism' for a relatively passive observation which involves ensuring the respect of Public Health laws and checking that the local characteristics of the biosphere are not affected abnormally by the presence of the Nuclear Establishment. This radicalization 'tends generally to replace the measurement principle by that of detection, at least at the outset. On the technical side it is sometimes necessary to take strict physical measures, as for example in the case of campaigns to establish the radiological state of the locality or of supplementary investigations following an incident. It must be emphasized moreover that the special function of a Research Centre and a certain local caution in radioprotection matters have given the situation a meaning not necessarily transposable to the monitoring of a nuclear power station for example [fr

  14. Hybrid Electricity Markets with Long-Term Risk-Sharing Arrangements: Adapting Market Design to Security of Supply and decarbonization Objectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ROQUES, Fabien; FINON, Dominique

    2017-01-01

    The re-emergence of policy interventionism in electricity markets raises questions as to how market design can best be adapted to meeting the investment challenge associated with security of supply (SoS) and decarbonization objectives. This paper takes an institutionalist approach in terms of modularity of the market design, and reviews the standard historical approach towards competitive markets, in order to analyse the roles and interactions of the initial and additional market 'modules'. We argue that a number of additional modules is required to achieve long-term policy objectives, such as decarbonization and security of supply (SoS). But, in turn, they destabilise the initial modules of the market design, in particular by the entries of renewables. We review the international experience with hybrid market design and draw a number of policy recommendations at to best practices, as well as suggesting ways in which the initial market modules can be improved to prevent inconsistencies with the new modules. The move towards a hybrid market regime, which relies on a combination of planning, long-term risk sharing arrangements and improved markets entrenched in a function of short-term coordination, appears to be unavoidable where decarbonization policies are adopted. (authors)

  15. Iconographic analysis of the covers of school editions of Don Quijote between the Second Republic and Francoism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rodrigo Martín

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Don Quixote is the most recognized work of Spanish and universal literature, and teaching adaptations in schools are very important for children to understand their reading. Compulsory reading of the work during the period between the Second Republic and the Franco regime caused many school adaptations to suit their classroom teaching. This study focused on the graphic elements of the work from a communicative and iconographic perspective, allows through content analysis of a cataloged and representative sample of the covers of school adaptations, verify that the hard political interventionism that suffered the work according antagonistic dominant ideologies did not influence their design, because these spaces were not ideologically charged, despite being the first element of commercial persuasion of the book and its role motivate reading. Analytical data along with historical explain the existence of a commercial image of Quixote free of ideological connotations (on the cover, from his iconographic path, which we have not found significant differences from the two dominant ideologies. However, the politicization of the work contributed to Don Quixote became the national hero of children and adults and a universal benchmark of behavior full of great ethical and moral values.

  16. Kliniske retningslinjer for træning af aerob kapacitet og muskelstyrke til patienter med reumatoid artrit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Birgit Tine; Læssøe, Uffe; Kjær, Thomas

    forstærker denne risiko. Formål: Gennem effektiv og sikker træning at øge RA patienters aerob kapacitet og muskel styrke for dermed atlette patienternes daglige aktiviteter. Patienter: Voksne patienter (> 18 år) med diagnosen reumatoid artrit ifølge ARA eller ACR/EULAR kriterierne,funktionsklasserne I, II og...... III, i primær eller sekundær sektoren. Intervention/er: Kortvarig land- eller vandbaseret højintensitets træning af aerob kapacitet, kortvarig eller længerevarendeland-baseret høj-intensitets træning af aerob kapacitet i kombination med muskelstyrke træning oglængerevarende land-baseret høj......-intensitets styrke træning. Inkluderet studier: Èt systematisk review og to randomiseret klinisk kontrolleret studier (RCT). Outcomes: Aerob kapacitet, maksimal muskelstyrke, selv-rapporteret smerte, funktionsevne, sygdomsaktivitet,radiologisk ledskade og uønskede bivirkninger. Søgestrategi:Følgende databaser blev...

  17. Against explanatory minimalism in psychiatry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim eThornton

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The idea that psychiatry contains, in principle, a series of levels of explanation has been criticised both as empirically false but also, by Campbell, as unintelligible because it presupposes a discredited pre-Humean view of causation. Campbell’s criticism is based on an interventionist-inspired denial that mechanisms and rational connections underpin physical and mental causation respectively and hence underpin levels of explanation. These claims echo some superficially similar remarks in Wittgenstein’s Zettel. But attention to the context of Wittgenstein’s remarks suggests a reason to reject explanatory minimalism in psychiatry and reinstate a Wittgensteinian notion of level of explanation. Only in a context broader than the one provided by interventionism is the ascription of propositional attitudes, even in the puzzling case of delusions, justified. Such a view, informed by Wittgenstein, can reconcile the idea that the ascription mental phenomena presupposes a particular level of explanation with the rejection of an a priori claim about its connection to a neurological level of explanation.

  18. Against Explanatory Minimalism in Psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, Tim

    2015-01-01

    The idea that psychiatry contains, in principle, a series of levels of explanation has been criticized not only as empirically false but also, by Campbell, as unintelligible because it presupposes a discredited pre-Humean view of causation. Campbell's criticism is based on an interventionist-inspired denial that mechanisms and rational connections underpin physical and mental causation, respectively, and hence underpin levels of explanation. These claims echo some superficially similar remarks in Wittgenstein's Zettel. But attention to the context of Wittgenstein's remarks suggests a reason to reject explanatory minimalism in psychiatry and reinstate a Wittgensteinian notion of levels of explanation. Only in a context broader than the one provided by interventionism is that the ascription of propositional attitudes, even in the puzzling case of delusions, justified. Such a view, informed by Wittgenstein, can reconcile the idea that the ascription mental phenomena presupposes a particular level of explanation with the rejection of an a priori claim about its connection to a neurological level of explanation.

  19. El tráfico de influencias en la España franquista: decisiones públicas, beneficios privados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Fernández Roca

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available En la España del primer franquismo, la política económica autárquica y el marco institucional intervencionista provocaron que los agentes económicos no se comportaran buscando la eficiencia económica, sino como buscadores de rentas. En este artículo se estudia, en primer lugar, el tráfico de influencias en las entregas directas de activos o en las asignaciones sesgadas de bienes, legitimados de alguna forma, por parte del poder público; en segundo lugar, se analiza cómo operaron las estructuras administrativas y burocráticas del Estado. Finalmente, se estudia la generación de beneficios particulares obtenidos desde los programas económicos y desde las normativas de la política económica.During the first regime of the Franco dictatorship, the economic policy implemented in Spain was autarky. This policy and the high level of government interventionism lead the economic agents to behave as rent-seekers instead of seeking efficiency. In this paper, we firstly study the peddling of political favors not only through direct deliveries of assets but also trough the slanted assignments of goods. These two aspects were legitimized, in some way, by the State. Secondly, we analyze the role played by the government administrative and bureaucratic structures. Lastly, we study the private profits obtained from both economic programs and the regulations established by the economic policy.

  20. Working for the ‘Free’ Market: state complicity in routine corporate harm in the United Kingdom (Trabajando para el mercado “libre”: complicidad estatal en la rutina del daño corporativo en el Reino Unido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Tombs

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper documents two forms of harms which are not ‘dramatic’, in fact, each is very low level, and each represents an instance of routine, normalized forms of harm which emanate from the business sector, and in the production of which the state is complicit. The focus specifically here is, in the first substantial section of the paper, on the economic harms produced by the retail sector of the UK financial services industry and, in the second, on the level and scale of airborne pollution in the UK from a range of business sources. While they are very different, they in fact have a lot in common, and tell us a lot about business and state practices. The remainder of the paper considers these state practices at length: despite misunderstandings and claims that governments are withdrawing from free markets, what one finds is a torrent of state intervention designed to create conditions of non-interventionism. It is no mere bystander to these harms, but intimately complicit in them through, variously, deregulation, reregulation and non-enforcement of law... Such state practices are documented in the third part of the paper, which focuses on what is termed regulatory re-shaping by central Governments in the UK since 1997. The results of such state activity may render such harms more likely, even more normalized.  In conclusion, the paper considers briefly the relationship between rendering such harms visible and effective resistance to them.

  1. A «hunger revolt» in Galicia during the early period of the Franco regime : O Saviñao | Una «revuelta de hambre» en la Galicia del primer franquismo : O Saviñao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Jesús Souto Blanco

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1946, in O Saviñao, a parish in the province of Lugo, a conflict arose with features of a ?hunger revolt? more typical of the Ancien Régime: peasant women took possession of the bread supply and carried out a retroactive protest (they demanded the restoration of the traditional and now abrogated right of self-sustenance, with one specific aim (that bread should be sold at a fair price, and with an organizational structure, if only informal (including some local leaders and a degree of community support. The resurgence of this old form of protest can be explained by certain features of the early period of the Franco regime: interventionism, corruption and repression. | En 1946, en O Saviñao, municipio de la provincia de Lugo, se originó un conflicto con las características de una «revuelta de hambre» propia del Antiguo Régimen: campesinas que se incautan del pan y llevan a cabo una protesta reactiva (reclaman un derecho revocado, el auto-abastecimiento, con un objetivo específico (conseguir el pan a un precio justo, y con una estructura organizativa, aunque sea informal (a partir de alguna autoridad local o de un consenso de apoyo en la comunidad. La reaparición de esta forma antigua de protesta, puede explicarse por las características del primer franquismo: intervencionismo, corrupción y represión.

  2. [Medical and surgical health care for congenital heart disease: a panoramic vision of the reality in Mexico. Inquiry 2009].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calderón-Colmenero, Juan; De-la-Llata, Manuel; Vizcaíno, Alfredo; Ramírez, Samuel; Bolio, Alejandro

    2011-01-01

    The only way to characterize the Mexican problem related to congenital heart disease care is promoting the creation of a national database for registering the organization, resources, and related activities. The Health Secretary of Mexico adopted a Spanish registration model to design a survey for obtaining a national Mexican reference in congenital heart disease. This survey was distributed to all directors of medical and/or surgical health care centers for congenital heart disease in Mexico. This communication presents the results obtained in relation to organization, resources and activities performed during the last year 2009. From the 22 health care centers which answered the survey 10 were reference centers (45%) and 12 were assistant centers (55%). All of them are provided with cardiologic auxiliary diagnostic methods. Except one, all centers have at least one bidimentional echocardiography apparatus. There is a general deficit between material and human resources detected in our study. Therapeutic actions for congenital heart disease (70% surgical and 30% therapeutical interventionism) show a clear centralization tendency for this kind of health care in Mexico City, Monterrey and finally Guadalajara. Due to the participation of almost all cardiac health centers in Mexico, our study provides an important information related to organization, resources, and medical and/or surgical activities for congenital heart disease. The data presented not only show Mexican reality, but allows us to identify better the national problematic for establishing priorities and propose solution alternatives.

  3. A Revolução, a nação e a paz Revolution, nation and peace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domenico Losurdo

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Procura-se aqui analisar a noção de "paz perpétua" e de "exportação da revolução" à luz das experiências da Revolução Francesa e da Revolução de Outubro, considerando o debate precedente e sucessivo a essas experiências revolucionárias, acentuando a novidade representada pela Revolução Francesa e, enfim, criticando as análises segundo as quais a tradição política que vai da Revolução Francesa à Revolução de Outubro forjou, com o universalismo, o instrumento ideológico para justificar um intervencionismo universal.This is an attempt to analyze the notion of "perpetual peace" and of "exporting the revolution", considering the experiences of the French and Russian Revolutions, their previous and successive debates and the innovations of the French Revolution. Moreover, the analyses according to which the political tradition from the French to the October Revolution has falsified, through universalism, the ideological instrument in order to justify the universal interventionism are criticized.

  4. Quality Control Program for radiodiagnostic equipment on the Department of Antioquia, Colombia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beltran, Camilo; Viloria, Carolina; Puerta, Anselmo; Morales, Javier; Martinez, Piedad

    2008-01-01

    The Health Sectional Direction of Antioquia DSSA and the National University of Colombia campus Medellin have been formalizing inter-administrative agreements to realize Quality Control Studies on the institutions of medical radiodiagnostics of the department. In the first phase of the project on 2006, quality control studies were completed on 40 conventional and 31 mammography equipment, in the second phase by the end of 2006, 21 fluoroscopy, interventionism and C arms equipment were also studied; the third phase, finished by the end of 2007, counted with 50 conventional equipment. The tests proposed on the ARCAL XLIX IAEA protocol, tests on the installations, on the generator, on the image systems and the patient dosimetry were performed. From the evaluations on the installations, reports with relevant recommendations to be considerate and implemented to perform a better use of own resources on each institution were elaborated. On this paper, current results, impact on the participating institutions and the benefits from the applications that these kinds of practices bring to the institutions are presented. Finally, the necessity to advance towards clear politics in order to impulse the implementation of quality assurance programs in radiodiagnostic institutions, looking to improve the quality of diagnostic images with patient benefits, higher trust on technical conditions of equipment for a better and adequate diagnose, as well as to advance on processes seeking the optimization of radiological protection on the patient and the personnel occupationally exposed, is presented. (author)

  5. Reforma y contrarreforma laboral en Argentina, crónica simple de un proceso pendular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Goldin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Labor reform and counter-reform in Argentina, simple chronic of a pendulum processAfter placing it in the context of the processes of labor reforms produced in Latin America in the early 90’s (its inspiration, its dynamics, its actors, the article considers in particular the case of Argentina. Inthat assignment, it examines the labor reforms that took place there from dominant perspectives - external flexibility, internal flexibility, reduction and variation of costs, collective labor relations - confirming a strong deregulated activism in the field of individual relations, while it was verified a high administrative interventionism of decentralized bias with a limited institutional transformation in collective relations.At the end of that decade, it had already been clear that those strategies haven’t had a virtuous effect on the social labor situation or the labor market. In this context, a new government that comes into power in 2003, leaves without effect a good part of those reforms and instead it undertakes a process of institutional reconfiguration of the legal system of labor protection: a systematic increase of the Living Wage, strengthening of the collective wage bargaining - with the consequent tendential improvement of wages of workers in the formal sector - and, by virtue of parliamentary initiatives, a sequence of introduction of micro-reforms always oriented to increase the protection of workers, which as a whole would have to involve a remarkable recovery of the tutelary bias of labor regulations.

  6. La paradoja de un Liberalismo Intervencionista: Colombia, años treinta, cuarentas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Andrés Ferreira Vélez

    2009-12-01

    crisis of 1930, in a liberal interventionism. From here, they adhered to the liberal utilitarist group that was hep in at the time, where commun good must be above the private one, and where the State must take part in the economy to democratize the access to property over capital, land and wealth. After consolidating the interventionist legislation during the first government of Lopez Pumarejo and the social purposes described by the principles of liberal interventionism in the Constitution of 1936, the government of Eduardo Santos tried to consolidate the model of balanced growth, which would materialize these principles while changing the economic role of Colombia in the international scene, taking advantage of the benefits that the economic conjuncture caused by the second World War and its cease of imports, have offered.

  7. Economic Liberalization in 1991 and Its Impact on Elementary Education in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Venkatanarayanan

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The basic foundation of policy making had undergone profound shifts over the past two decades as the policy makers are inclined to rely heavily on the exercise of power in their pursuit of development and prosperity. Government interventionism was subject to a strong intellectual and political backlash, and a new ideological movement seeking to redefine the role of government rose to take its place. This new political–economic liberalism insisted on the removal of governments’ grip over the economy and the introduction of open competition into economic life. Thus, the market emerged as the central actor governing economic activity during the 1990s, and the ethos of neoliberalism progressively entrenched itself into law and public institutions in India. This change in “policy paradigms” implies a substantial reorganization of domestic political economies for an efficient governance of political and economic institutions in a longer run. This article attempts to look at the changes in “policy paradigms” that happened after 1990 in the domain of educational governance in India. Along with the policy changes, there happened a watershed in constitutional rights, making right to education a fundamental right of every citizen. This article further inquires how far the state has endeavored to fulfill its objective of providing quality education for all children within these economic and political changes. Indian states’ financial obligation toward elementary education and the policy directions during the period after 1990 were thoroughly analyzed to find out the commitment of state in providing universal elementary education of good quality in India.

  8. Detrás de la pantalla: autoritarismo, censura y represión en los medios: Un estudio de caso, Córdoba 1973-1983

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Romano

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo aborda la problemática de la producción informativa en los medios de comunicación durante el periodo 1973-83 desde una perspectiva histórica cultural. Examina los instrumentos y mecanismos de censura y represión aplicados en el interior de los Servicios de Radio y Televisión de la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba que contribuyeron a imponer un férreo control sobre los contenidos de las emisiones, en un contexto específico caracterizado por el intervencionismo estatal en el manejo de los medios y el desarrollo de políticas de censura, exacerbadas a partir del golpe de Estado de 1976. En ese marco tratan de visualizarse las formas de resistencia o adaptación del personal de la empresa mientras estuvo sujeta a la intervención del poder político y de las fuerzas armadas antes y durante la dictadura que comenzó en 1976The article approaches to the subject of information production in the communication media during the period between 1973 and 1983 from a cultural and historic perspective. It examines the instruments and mechanisms of censorship and repression applied inside the Servicios de Radio y Televisión at the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. This contributed to impose an iron hand control over the content of the broadcasts, in a specific context signaled by the government's interventionism in media management and the development of censorship policies, overemphasized after the coup d'état in 1976. In this setting we try to visualize the staff's resistance or adaptation means while the company was subject of intervention by the political power and the army before and during the dictatorship that started in 1976

  9. Impact on breast cancer diagnosis in a multidisciplinary unit after the incorporation of mammography digitalization and computer-aided detection systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Cristina; Varela, Celia; Muñoz, Enriqueta; Almenar, Asunción; Pinto, Jose María; Botella, Miguel

    2011-12-01

    The purpose of this article is to evaluate the impact on the diagnosis of breast cancer of implementing full-field digital mammography (FFDM) in a multidisciplinary breast pathology unit and, 1 year later, the addition of a computer-aided detection (CAD) system. A total of 13,453 mammograms performed between January and July of the years 2004, 2006, and 2007 were retrospectively reviewed using conventional mammography, digital mammography, and digital mammography plus CAD techniques. Mammograms were classified into two subsets: screening and diagnosis. Variables analyzed included cancer detection rate, rate of in situ carcinoma, tumor size at detection, biopsy rate, and positive predictive value of biopsy. FFDM increased the cancer detection rate, albeit not statistically significantly. The detection rate of in situ carcinoma increased significantly using FFDM plus CAD compared with conventional technique (36.8% vs 6.7%; p = 0.05 without Bonferroni statistical correction) for the screening dataset. Relative to conventional mammography, tumor size at detection decreased with digital mammography (T1, 61.5% vs 88%; p = 0.018) and with digital mammography plus CAD (T1, 79.7%; p = 0.03 without Bonferroni statistical correction). Biopsy rates in the general population increased significantly using CAD (10.6/1000 for conventional mammography, 14.7/1000 for digital mammography, and 17.9/1000 for digital mammography plus CAD; p = 0.02). The positive predictive value of biopsy decreased slightly, but not significantly, for both subsets. The incorporation of new techniques has improved the performance of the breast unit by increasing the overall detection rates and earlier detection (smaller tumors), both leading to an increase in interventionism.

  10. Demystifying the Role of Chinese Commercial Actors in Shaping China’s Foreign Assistance: The Case of Post-war Sri Lanka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao'ou Zhu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Hedging against its potential exclusion from the Trans-Pacific Partnership and other mega trading agreements, China embarked on its 21st Century Maritime Silk Road agenda to generate growth through supply chain integration and infrastructure construction in South Asian economies. However, the characteristics of China’s business-led and elite-oriented overseas development practices created policy gaps in high-risk countries. Based on interviews and fieldwork focused on Chinese State-Owned-Enterprises (SOEs in Sri Lanka, this paper explores how globalization changed the nature of these SOEs: from policy executor to both policy maker and market actor in host countries and in China. However, these changes in nature and influence of key Chinese economic actors in host countries are actually not reflected by, and are in fact out of step with, the 1994 regulation that lays down the principle of non-interventionism in foreign assistance. Such a mismatch between expansionist business and restrained regulation leads to a new paradigm where businesses, especially SOEs, serve as a bridge between the host country and Beijing to identify areas where business interest and development needs intersect, thereby shaping development financing distribution in a way that facilitates SOEs’ ascension of the global value chain. However, the exclusion of the local private sector from expressing the most pressing needs makes the new paradigm insufficient to integrate the local supply chain. This, in turn, implies the new paradigm is less able to address debt sustainability problems, and geopolitical and ethnic tension in high-risk regions. In order to redress this imbalance, this paper proposes the inclusion of the private sector and civil society into China’s mainly business-led overseas development paradigm.

  11. Future Structure of the Life-World. As an inevitable consequence of the «peer-to-peer»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mototaka Mori

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to draw theoretically a future structure of the life-world. The state interventionism in the late capitalism has been often argued by the critical theoreticians like Jurgen Habermas since the last half of the twentieth century. It was particularly the main problem how possible the life-world was in such the technologically systematized society. However, the highly technological development of telecommunication has changed our everyday life very rapidly and totally. If we know such the rapid change of coevolution between human life and technology, we have to fundamentally reconsider on the theory of life-world. Therefore, in this article I will firstly focus on the classical theory of mundane social world which Alfred Schutz presented in the early 1930s. Of course, his project of socio-phenomenology has been one of the most brilliant und important works still now. However, his theory also will have to be renewed. If we know particularly the «peer-to-peer» constellation of the computer network by the distributed anonymous persons, the classical model of life-world must be versioned up to a next theoretical level. Secondly, considering on the virtual currency like the Bitcoin, this article will show you a hypothetical aspect of transformation of the life-world. The mechanism of trust, which has been often understood as one of the most important key concepts for the community or the society, may be replaced with the computer technology of cryptographic proof. Such a theoretical examination will finally lead to an important opened problem. We will have to inquire whether such the social order will be spontaneous, or whether such the ordering will have to be decided only by the speed of computer’s central processing unit.

  12. The Holy Office Against Fascism: Book Censorship and the Political Independence of the Church (1928–1931

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Brera

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Studies into the activity of the Congregation of the Index and of the Holy Office have examined extensively the history of Vatican’s practices of book censorship. While up until the sixteenth century the Church imposed substantial modifications to literary texts, mainly in order to moralise them, in the seventeenth and eighteenth century it used book censorship to preserve ecclesiastical doctrine and its own power. In the nineteenth century the Roman Inquisition aimed to discredit noxious literature – and the dangerous ideas it contained – through its inclusion in the Index of Prohibited Books. In the twentieth century, when the Church’s secular power was fading, the Holy Office reacted against modernism thus intensifying its campaign against pernicious literature, seen as the main medium through which modernist ideas could infiltrate public opinion. During the papacy of Pius XI, in particular, the policies of the Holy Office mainly aimed to support the interventionism of the Holy See and its attempts to ‘catholicise’ public opinion and society. The Italian case renders a clear picture of a transformed Roman Inquisition: analysing the proceedings against Gabriele d’Annunzio (Opera omnia, 1928 and Mario Missiroli (Date a Cesare, 1929 this paper will demonstrate how the Roman Index and literary censorship stood out as the core of the Church’s relentless attempt to forge a ‘catholicised’ society between the two wars and to regain – through the forbiddance of authors and books closely linked to fascism – the political and social influence that Mussolini threatened to take-over before and in the aftermath of the Concordate of 1929.

  13. New Technologies and Sustainable Development of Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muggli, Christoph; Baumgartner, Walter; Werner, Frank

    1996-08-01

    sufficiency considerations in industrial production. The degree of acceptance of measures diminishes on the conservative and business sides with increasing interventionism whereas the Green lobby would put up with direct guidance measures and, above all, negative effects on the Swiss labour market. (authors)

  14. New Technologies and Sustainable Development of Industry; Neue Technologien und nachhaltige Entwicklung der Industrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muggli, Christoph; Baumgartner, Walter; Werner, Frank [Basics AG, Beckenhofstrasse 16, CH-8035 Zurich (Switzerland)

    1996-08-01

    in the long-term, without sufficiency considerations in industrial production. The degree of acceptance of measures diminishes on the conservative and business sides with increasing interventionism whereas the Green lobby would put up with direct guidance measures and, above all, negative effects on the Swiss labour market. (authors)

  15. Globalization and genocidalism: Fictional discourse without borders, for fun and profit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jokić Aleksandar

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this essay we explore the relationship between globalization and genocidalism. "Globalization" is understood as "freedom and ability of individuals and firms to initiate voluntary economic transactions with residents of other countries," while "genocidalism" is defined as "(i the purposeful neglect to attribute responsibility for genocide in cases when overwhelming evidence exists, and as (ii the energetic attributions of "genocide" in less then clear cases without considering available and convincing opposing evidence and argumentation." The hypothesis that we defend here as explanatory of globalization’s "surprising" failure to live up to its often repeated theoretical promise that it is not a "zero-sum game," is that this apparent failure is a result of the impact of the sole super-power’s global politics. These policies are manifested through an open onslaught on the notion of state sovereignty (impacting the sovereignty of virtually all countries except that of the U.S., and an aggressive promotion of all kinds of interventionism, in particular armed ("humanitarian" intervention. The nexus between the two is to a significant degree provided by the social phenomenon (characteristic only of the West, since, for example, Mozambique does not go on talking about alleged genocide in, say, Northern Ireland we call "genocidalism". Genocidalism manifests itself as a tool of globalization that is ever more morphing into a sort of imperialism and neo-colonialism, and is indeed becoming something of a remarkably effective judicial Trojan horse. It looks to us that globalization is the globalization of US sovereignty, i.e., its extension over as much foreign territory as possible. Interestingly, genocidalism is a means to that end, and one that is more effective than, say, weapons of mass destruction, or even "terrorism" as a tool. Genocidalism is so effective that it bars the inherent right to self-defense against aggression, and obviates the

  16. Cien años de moneda en Castilla (1172-1268. El siglo del maravedí de oro = One Hundred Years of Currency in Castile (1172-1268. The Century of the Gold Maravedi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Oliva Manso

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available A lo largo del siglo que abarca nuestro trabajo estudiamos primero la documentación disponible para a continuación calcular matemáticamente las equivalencias que regían el sistema monetario. El cambio entre el maravedí de oro y los dineros de vellón estuvo sometido a constantes tensiones debidas a la creciente tendencia del oro a apreciarse respecto a la plata y a las manipulaciones unilaterales de los dineros por parte del rey. El cambio oficial no reflejaba estos cambios con la suficiente rapidez y los actores económicos empezaron a fijar sus propias condiciones en los negocios privados. Las distorsiones producidas en la economía por el intervencionismo regio fueron combatidas con más intrusión con la imposición de tasas de precios y prohibiciones a la exportación. Al final de nuestro período de estudio el maravedí alfonsí deja paso a la dobla como moneda de oro de referencia mientras los dineros de vellón inician un período de devaluaciones continuas. Firstly, we will analyze the documentation available, covering a time span of over a century, to calculate mathematically the rates within the monetary system on the basis of these sources. The exchange rate between the gold maravedí and the dinero de vellón was subjected to constant stresses due to the growing tendency of gold to appreciate with respect to silver and the unilateral manipulation of the value of the dinero by the king. The official exchange rate did not reflect these changes fast enough, and economic actors began to set their own conditions in their private transactions. The distortion produced in the economy by royal interventionism was fought with further encroachment through the implementation of price rates and export bans. At the end of our period of study, the maravedí alfonsí gave way to the dobla as the gold coin of reference, while the dinero de vellón began a period of constant devaluation.

  17. New Technologies and Sustainable Development of Industry; Neue Technologien und nachhaltige Entwicklung der Industrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muggli, Christoph; Baumgartner, Walter; Werner, Frank [Basics AG, Beckenhofstrasse 16, CH-8035 Zurich (Switzerland)

    1996-08-01

    , even in the long-term, without sufficiency considerations in industrial production. The degree of acceptance of measures diminishes on the conservative and business sides with increasing interventionism whereas the Green lobby would put up with direct guidance measures and, above all, negative effects on the Swiss labour market. (authors)

  18. Entre el Estado y el mercado: resonancias geográficas y sustentabilidad social en Santiago de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Sabatini

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Los autores argumentan que los resultados de las políticas urbanas pro-mercado aplicadas en Santiago después de 1973 han estado fuertemente condicionados por la "resonancia geográfica", o impronta espacial, del intervencionismo estatal previo, así como por los "espacios de borde" que el desarrollo urbano está produciendo entre las áreas pobres de la ciudad y los barrios modernos y zonas comerciales que están expandiéndose hoy. Las políticas urbanas no tienen impactos simples o directos en la ciudad, como parece implícito en el enfoque en boga sobre los "impactos territoriales" de la reestructuración capitalista y la globalización, o en la metodología de evaluación de proyectos o políticas que forma parte de las formas privadas y públicas de gestión urbana. Las resonancias geográficas y los espacios de borde pueden, incluso, impulsar resultados paradójicos, algunos de los cuales se analizan en el artículo. La atención que se dé a estas complejidades espaciales puede facilitar una mejor evaluación de las iniciativas de gestión urbana, así como de las peculiaridades de cada ciudadThe authors argue that the results of the post-1973 market-oriented urban policies in Santiago have been strongly conditioned by the "geographical resonance," or spatial imprint, of the earlier state interventionism, as well as by the "border spaces" product of urban development between the city’s poor areas and today’s expanding modern neighborhoods and commercial areas. Urban policies have no simple or direct impact on the city as implied nowadays by the popular approach of "territorial impacts" of capitalist restructuring and globalization, or in the project or policy assessment methodology, that is part of the private and public forms of urban management. Geographical resonances and border spaces could even further paradoxical results, some of which are discussed in the article. The attention paid to these spatial complexities could provide

  19. O estado cortesão nas relações internacionais: a disputa por poder e lucro The courtesan state in international relations: the struggle for power and profit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khatchik Derghoukassian

    2002-12-01

    term of "rogue state", which was adopted in the official security lexicon of the Clinton administration in the 1990s. With the prospects of "humanitarian intervention" becoming a leading issue in Washington's international agenda, the concept of "failed state" was installed in the political and academic debate. Both terms could be seen as instrumental for the increasing American new interventionism. Yet, a third potential threat to international stability is completely ignored by U.S. - or any other state - foreign policy makers: the "courtesan state", which, broadly, is one of the results of the process of globalization and the transformation of state power. More precisely, the courtesan state is an analytical concept useful to frame certain states' links with the global illicit economy. This essay argues that the concept is crucial to understand a fundamental aspect of the power struggle that characterizes inter-state relations in the post-Cold War, and analyzes the courtesan state through its double link with other legitimate state actors, mainly the global superpower, in international politics, and, simultaneously, with non-state global actors of the illicit economy.

  20. Survey of ionizing radiations to workers in Carlos Andrade Hospital during March 1998 and December 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Del Pino Albuja, Norma Josefina

    2005-01-01

    professionals are the doctors of interventionism, for instance, Hemodynamic doctors. The Dosimetry system at Carlos Andrade Marin hospital must be fortified and workers who work with open sources of radiation must be equipped with dosimeters - ring or bracelet type- to control the superficial doses. In addition, occupationally exposed workers must achieve a culture of radiological security and protection. Finally, the Ecuadorian law number 891 of 1979, which is the regulation of Radiological Protection, must be reviewed and updated. This document is not either a complete work about the control of ionizing radiations at hospitals or a procedures manual with norms or recommendations. Nevertheless, it is an investigation of the dosimetry process and pretends to motivate the continuous improvement of this matter. In the future, this investigation will be the cornerstone to edit a procedure manual of radiological protection and security for areas that are exposed to ionizing radiations. This thesis has three attachments: Attachment 1: Database of the occupationally exposed workers (elaborated by the author) Attachment 2: Chart of Conversion Units. Attachment 3: Ecuadorian Law No 891 (Regulation of Radiological Protection). (The author)

  1. East and West: Orientalism, war and the colonial present Este e Oeste: Orientalismo, guerra e a contemporaneidade colonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackie Assayag

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available For at least two hundred years, Western countries have exercized a "benevolent" violence through colonization. Advocated in the name of the "civilizing mission" of the West and inspired by eschatology, this calling held the promise of redemption, both for the colonizer and for the colonized. The "war declared on terrorism" after the massacre of 9/11 in New York, with the subsequent military operations in Afghanistan and in Iraq, revives this tradition of ameliorative interventionism by carrying on the old orientalist-related topoi. Far from effacing the Great Divide between the West and the Rest, the wars of a putatively new type reinforce and polarize the division between "civilized" and "barbaric" in the era of "globalization". The unfolding ideology of the American, according to which there would no longer be "outside" or "inside", because no country would now be exempt from terrorism, obscures at little cost, but not ineffectually, the "colonial present". What now prevails is a sombre vision of globalization, that of a fight to the death between two worlds, extending over all continents, between the "Empire of the Good", incarnated by America, and the "Empire of Evil", incarnated by Islamic terrorism. But this novelty goes back to schemas that are as old as the United States itself, insofar as this self-proclaimed "exceptional", "unilateral" and "providential" "imperial republic" has an idealistic or utopian component qualified as "indispensable". Welcome the the "Wilsonism in boots"!Ao longo de pelo menos duzentos anos, os países ocidentais exercitaram uma violência "benevolente" através do colonialismo. Advogado, à época, em nome de uma "missão civilizadora" do Ocidente e inspirado na escatologia, este chamamento invocava a promessa da redenção, tanto para o colonizador como para o colonizado. A declaração de "guerra ao terrorismo" depois do massacre de 11 de Setembro em Nova Iorque, e as subsequentes operações militares no

  2. The General Agreement on Trade in Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francina Esteve García

    1995-07-01

    Full Text Available The conclusion of GATS and its inclusion as an annex in the constitutive Agreement of the World Trade Organization (WTO responds to the need for disposing of a stable juridical instrument which, given the current economic interdependence between States, can be applied to the international trade in services.One of the main new features of this agreement is its field of application given that it includes all service sectors (except those provided for in the name of governmental authorities and the four forms of carrying out trade in services and, as regards the principle of market access and that of national treatment, will be regulated according to those respective obligations which the Members have assumed.In exchange for not accepting the exclusion of any service sector, the negotiations concerning some fundamental sectors could not be totally closed and deadlines were extended in order to unblock the most controversial themes.One of the fundamental principles of the GATS is the most favoured nation clause of inconditional character but its consecration has been attenuated by the possibility of maintaining important exceptions in its application. The principle of transparency is also essential in the field of services, given that this sector is characterised by large public interventionism in access regulation and the exercise of the different economic activities which form it.The balance of the GATS is globally positive given that it includes a multilateral framework of principles and disciplines which is administered in the headquarters of the WTO, which have been accepted by a great majority of States within the international community and which remain subject to the WTO’s mechanism for the solution of differences.However, the opening of the market and the suppression of restrictions which derive from internal regulations have not been achieved given that, orientating itself around the objectives of national politics, liberalization is

  3. Radiation protection of patients in medical exposures: regional project IAEA 2007-2008 RLA/9/57

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The radiation protection of patients in medical exposures as a project is composed of 5 regional covers some 80 countries, 94 hospitals and 120 activities related to radiology and radiation. A workshop was developed with the following objectives: to provide theoretical and practical elements for professionals in radiation protection of patients developing tasks assigned, to identify the methodology by measurement through sheets for data collection and interpretation of the same, to perform practical exercises of the procedures to apply in radiology, mammography, computed tomography and interventionism. The workshop was divided into theoretical and practical sections, sections for analysis and interpretation of data and a final exam. This project aims to identify strengths and weaknesses, simple primary objectives with fast results, involvement of doctors, institutional commitment to see results after more complex stages, technique stiffness, sustainability. Among the goals of the member states are: To prevent radioinjury in interventional procedures and reduce the probability of stochastic effect, especially in pediatrics; dose reduction changing of rare earth in countries that have not yet made, optimization in mammography, optimization of protection in CT, with emphasis in pediatrics; protection of family and the public to give discharge the patient, after therapy with radiopharmaceuticals; to prevent accidental exposures in radiotherapy and pediatric radiology. The content is divided into four parts which include different forms to collect information constituted on the following topics: Intervention, with information over Uncertainties in calibration of the meter P K A, Evaluation of dose with radiochromatic movie, Data processing and radiation protection, Measurements of kerma-area product, Practice: Exposure assessment of the patient in interventional radiology, Determination of the Hemi reducer layer, Recalibration and use of a meter of Kerma-area product

  4. Radiation protection of patients in medical exposures: regional project IAEA 2007-2008 RLA/9/57;Proteccion radiologica de pacientes en exposiciones medicas: proyecto regional IAEA 2007-2008 RLA/9/57

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The radiation protection of patients in medical exposures as a project is composed of 5 regional covers some 80 countries, 94 hospitals and 120 activities related to radiology and radiation. A workshop was developed with the following objectives: to provide theoretical and practical elements for professionals in radiation protection of patients developing tasks assigned, to identify the methodology by measurement through sheets for data collection and interpretation of the same, to perform practical exercises of the procedures to apply in radiology, mammography, computed tomography and interventionism. The workshop was divided into theoretical and practical sections, sections for analysis and interpretation of data and a final exam. This project aims to identify strengths and weaknesses, simple primary objectives with fast results, involvement of doctors, institutional commitment to see results after more complex stages, technique stiffness, sustainability. Among the goals of the member states are: To prevent radioinjury in interventional procedures and reduce the probability of stochastic effect, especially in pediatrics; dose reduction changing of rare earth in countries that have not yet made, optimization in mammography, optimization of protection in CT, with emphasis in pediatrics; protection of family and the public to give discharge the patient, after therapy with radiopharmaceuticals; to prevent accidental exposures in radiotherapy and pediatric radiology. The content is divided into four parts which include different forms to collect information constituted on the following topics: Intervention, with information over Uncertainties in calibration of the meter P{sub K}A, Evaluation of dose with radiochromatic movie, Data processing and radiation protection, Measurements of kerma-area product, Practice: Exposure assessment of the patient in interventional radiology, Determination of the Hemi reducer layer, Recalibration and use of a meter of Kerma

  5. Radiation protection of patients in medical exposures: regional project IAEA 2007-2008 RLA/9/57; Proteccion radiologica de pacientes en exposiciones medicas: proyecto regional IAEA 2007-2008 RLA/9/57

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The radiation protection of patients in medical exposures as a project is composed of 5 regional covers some 80 countries, 94 hospitals and 120 activities related to radiology and radiation. A workshop was developed with the following objectives: to provide theoretical and practical elements for professionals in radiation protection of patients developing tasks assigned, to identify the methodology by measurement through sheets for data collection and interpretation of the same, to perform practical exercises of the procedures to apply in radiology, mammography, computed tomography and interventionism. The workshop was divided into theoretical and practical sections, sections for analysis and interpretation of data and a final exam. This project aims to identify strengths and weaknesses, simple primary objectives with fast results, involvement of doctors, institutional commitment to see results after more complex stages, technique stiffness, sustainability. Among the goals of the member states are: To prevent radioinjury in interventional procedures and reduce the probability of stochastic effect, especially in pediatrics; dose reduction changing of rare earth in countries that have not yet made, optimization in mammography, optimization of protection in CT, with emphasis in pediatrics; protection of family and the public to give discharge the patient, after therapy with radiopharmaceuticals; to prevent accidental exposures in radiotherapy and pediatric radiology. The content is divided into four parts which include different forms to collect information constituted on the following topics: Intervention, with information over Uncertainties in calibration of the meter P{sub K}A, Evaluation of dose with radiochromatic movie, Data processing and radiation protection, Measurements of kerma-area product, Practice: Exposure assessment of the patient in interventional radiology, Determination of the Hemi reducer layer, Recalibration and use of a meter of Kerma