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Sample records for evicel fibrin sealant

  1. A comparison of the mechanical, kinetic, and biochemical properties of fibrin clots formed with two different fibrin sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickerson, William L; Nur, Israel; Meidler, Roberto

    2011-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to compare the mechanical, kinetic, and biochemical properties of fibrin clots produced using EVICEL Fibrin Sealant (Human) and TISSEEL Fibrin Sealant. The stiffness/elasticity and strength of fibrin clots formed with EVICEL and TISSEEL were assessed using applied mechanical force and thromboelastography (TEG). The factor XIII content of the fibrin clots was also evaluated. Mean Young modulus and tensile strength of the fibrin clots produced by EVICEL were significantly higher than those of clots produced by TISSEEL (P < 0.05 for both). The mean time to initial clot formation and mean time to the predefined level of clot formation were numerically shorter for EVICEL compared with TISSEEL. Furthermore, mean maximal amplitude of the clots formed with EVICEL was significantly greater than that for the clots formed with TISSEEL. Mean concentration of factor XIII for the EVICEL fibrinogen samples tested was 9 IU/ml compared with undetectable concentrations of factor XIII for the TISSEEL fibrinogen samples. Fibrin clots formed with EVICEL have a much higher resistance to stretching and tensile strength and are more capable of maintaining their structure against applied force than those formed with TISSEEL. EVICEL also allows more rapid development of fibrin clots than TISSEEL. This superior clot strength and resilience obtained with EVICEL relative to TISSEEL may be due in large part to the presence of factor XIII.

  2. Fibrin sealants in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albala, David M

    2003-08-01

    Fibrin sealants are used in a wide range of surgeries, primarily as hemostatic agents, but also to assist tissue sealing and wound healing. While all fibrin sealants contain fibrinogen and thrombin, they differ in their final composition. This affects the properties of the resulting fibrin clot and may influence their use in different surgical procedures. Sealants with high concentrations of fibrinogen tend to produce stronger clots, whereas those containing higher concentrations of thrombin form clots rapidly. This is essential when rapid hemostasis is required to stop blood loss (e.g. suturing of blood vessels). However, in situations that require careful adjustment of tissue (e.g. a skin flap) a slower clot formation is advantageous. Some sealants are supplemented with factor XIII and this may increase the tensile strength and stability of the clot and improve hemostasis. Antifibrinolytic agents (e.g. aprotinin and aminocaproic acid) increase the lifespan of the clot by inhibiting fibrinolysis. Fibrin sealants containing aprotinin may have an added advantage when used on surgical sites with naturally high concentrations of fibrinolytic agents. The physical properties of the fibrin sealants also vary. For example, the fibrinogen component is relatively viscous and requires a lot of force to inject it through a long catheter. Fibrin sealants with a fibrinogen component of low viscosity are easier to use than highly viscous solutions in surgical situations where the sealant is applied by a catheter. Until recently, the use of fibrin sealants in the USA has been limited to noncommercial products--'home-brews'. The fibrinogen concentration of these products can vary between preparations, with subsequent variation in the mechanical strength of the clot making handling difficult. The introduction of commercial sealants into the USA with consistent composition should reduce the varying performance of fibrin sealants, although autologous and point-of-use prepared

  3. Role of Fibrin Sealants in Liver Surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, Marieke T.; Boonstra, Elizabeth A.; Lisman, Ton; Porte, Robert J.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Fibrin sealants are widely used in liver surgery. The aim of this article is to review the literature on evidence of hemostatic and biliostatic capacities of different fibrin sealants in liver surgery. Methods: In PubMed, a literature search was done with the search terms 'fibrin

  4. Fibrin sealant for mesh fixation in laparoscopic umbilical hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, J R; Bisgaard, T; Assaadzadeh, S

    2013-01-01

    Fibrin sealant for mesh fixation has significant positive effects on early outcome after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) compared with titanium tacks. Whether fibrin sealant fixation also results in better long-term outcome is unknown.......Fibrin sealant for mesh fixation has significant positive effects on early outcome after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) compared with titanium tacks. Whether fibrin sealant fixation also results in better long-term outcome is unknown....

  5. In vitro effects of proteases in human pancreatic juice on stability of liquid and carrier-bound fibrin sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adelmeijer, J; Porte, R J; Lisman, T

    2013-10-01

    Fibrin sealants are used in pancreatic surgery to prevent leakage of pancreatic fluid and reduce associated complications. The efficacy of this approach is unclear. Fibrin clots were generated in vitro from two commercially available liquid fibrin sealants (Tissucol Duo® and Evicel®) and the carrier-bound fibrin sealant Tachosil®, and exposed to normal saline or human pancreatic fluid. Stability of the sealants was assessed by release of the fibrin and collagen degradation products, D-dimer and hydroxyproline. The effect of protease inhibitors on sealant breakdown was assessed. Clots generated from liquid fibrin sealants degraded rapidly in pancreatic fluid, but not in normal saline. D-dimer release from fibrin clots by pancreatic fluid was approximately 1700 µg/ml after 24 h and less than 20 µg/ml by saline. Pancreatic fluid, but not normal saline, degraded both the fibrin and collagen component of Tachosil®. After 6 h, mean(s.e.m.) D-dimer levels in pancreatic fluid exposed to Tachosil® were 850(183) ng/ml, compared with 60(6) ng/ml in normal saline. The mean(s.e.m.) hydroxyproline concentration in pancreatic fluid was 497(17) µg/ml after a 24-h exposure to Tachosil®, compared with 26(12) µg/ml in normal saline. Protease inhibitors significantly inhibited breakdown of liquid sealants (D-dimer levels less than 50 µg/ml after 24 h) and Tachosil® (D-dimer release 179(12) ng/ml at 6 h; hydroxyproline release 181(29) µg/ml at 24 h). Proteases in pancreatic juice effectively degrade both liquid and carrier-bound fibrin sealants in vitro. The use of these products in pancreatic surgery with the aim of preventing leakage of pancreatic fluid is not supported by this experimental study. © 2013 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Fibrin sealant patches: powerful and easy-to-use hemostats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spotnitz WD

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available William D SpotnitzSurgical Therapeutic Advancement Center (STAC, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA Abstract: Fibrin sealant liquid was approved for use in the US in 1998 by the Food and Drug Administration as the first of a new generation of hemostats, sealants, and adhesives. The initial fibrin sealant liquid use in the country was limited by obstacles in the formulation's ease of use (usability. Specifically, it was associated with cumbersome preparation, including thawing, mixing, and applicator loading. Although these challenges have been addressed to some extent, a new generation of fibrin sealants in the form of patches has been introduced, boasting significant efficacy as well as elimination of the liquid preparation complexities. Additionally, the patches may provide enhancements in efficacy because they are easily combined with manual pressure to arrest bleeding. In addition, usability has been increased because they may be stored at room temperature and they are provided in packages ready for immediate use. This review will highlight the capabilities of the two Food and Drug Administration-approved fibrin sealant patches and review the recent literature on fibrin sealant patch use. Keywords: fibrin sealant, liquid, patches, hemostats, safety, efficacy, usability, cost

  7. No effect of fibrin sealant on drain output or functional recovery following simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skovgaard, Christian; Holm, Bente; Troelsen, Anders; Lunn, Troels H; Gaarn-Larsen, Lissi; Kehlet, Henrik; Husted, Henrik

    2013-04-01

    Blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may lead to anemia, blood transfusions, and increased total costs. Also, bleeding into the periarticular tissue may cause swelling and a reduction in quadriceps strength, thus impairing early functional recovery. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we analyzed the possible effect of fibrin sealant on blood loss and early functional recovery in a fast-track setting. 24 consecutive patients undergoing bilateral simultaneous TKA were included. 10 mL of fibrin sealant (Evicel) was sprayed onto one knee whereas the contralateral knee had saline. Drain output, the primary outcome, was measured from knee drains removed exactly 24 h after surgery. Secondary outcomes (knee swelling, pain, strength of knee extension, and range of movement (ROM)) were evaluated up to 21 days after surgery. The drain output in knees treated with fibrin sealant and placebo was similar (582 mL and 576 mL, respectively). Likewise, no statistically significant differences were found between groups regarding swelling, pain, strength of knee extension, and ROM. Fibrin sealant as a local hemostatic in TKA showed no benefit in reducing drain output or in facilitating early functional recovery when used with a tourniquet, tranexamic acid, and a femoral bone plug.

  8. Fibrin sealant in general surgery. Personal experience and literary review.

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    Gubitosi, Adelmo; Ruggiero, Roberto; Docimo, Giovanni; Esposito, Alessandro

    2014-01-01

    In consideration of the use of fibrin glue in a general surgery department, authors analyze their last two years series. Operations on liver and biliary ducts, bowel and proctologic surgery, thyroid and breast surgery, abdominal wall hernias, fistulas and difficult wounds are considered with a literary review on fibrin sealant.

  9. Tensile strength of biological fibrin sealants: a comparative study.

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    Lacaze, Laurence; Le Dem, Nicolas; Bubenheim, Michael; Tsilividis, Basile; Mezghani, Julien; Schwartz, Lilian; Francois, Arnaud; Ertaud, Jean Yves; Bagot d'Arc, Maurice; Scotté, Michel

    2012-08-01

    Fibrin sealants are commonly used in liver surgery, although their effectiveness in routine clinical practice remains controversial. Individual sealant characteristics are based on hemostatic effects and adhesion properties that can be experimentally measured using the 'rat skin test' or the 'pig skin test'. This study used a more relevant and realistic experimental canine model to compare the differences in the adhesive properties of four fibrin sealants in hepatectomy: Tisseel/Tissucol, Tachosil, Quixil, and Beriplast. A partial hepatectomy was performed in beagle dogs under general anesthesia to obtain liver cross-sections. Fibrin sealants were allocated to dog livers using a Youden square design. The tensile strength measurement was performed using a traction system to measure the rupture stress point of a small wooden cylinder bonded to the liver cross-section. Significantly greater adhesion properties were observed with Tisseel/Tissucol compared with Quixil or Beriplast (P = 0.002 and 0.001, respectively). Similarly, Tachosil demonstrated significantly greater adhesive properties compared with Beriplast (P = 0.009) or Quixil (P = 0.014). No significant differences were observed between Tisseel/Tissucol and Tachosil or between Beriplast and Quixil. The results of this comparative study demonstrate that different fibrin sealants exhibit different adhesive properties. Tisseel/Tissucol and Tachosil provided greatest adhesion to liver cross-section in our canine model of hepatectomy. These results may enable the optimal choice of fibrin sealants for this procedure in clinical practice. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Fibrin Sealants in Dura Sealing: A Systematic Literature Review.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felice Esposito

    Full Text Available Fibrin sealants are widely used in neurosurgery to seal the suture line, provide watertight closure, and prevent cerebrospinal fluid leaks. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the current efficacy and safety literature of fibrin sealants in dura sealing and the prevention/treatment of cerebrospinal fluid leaks.A comprehensive electronic literature search was run in the following databases: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Resister of Controlled Trials, clinicaltrials.gov, MEDLINE/PubMed, and EMBASE. Titles and abstracts of potential articles of interest were reviewed independently by 3 of the authors.A total of 1006 database records and additional records were identified. After screening for duplicates and relevance, a total of 78 articles were assessed by the investigators for eligibility. Thirty-eight were excluded and the full-text of 40 articles were included in the qualitative synthesis. Seven of these included only safety data and were included in the safety assessment. The remaining 33 articles included findings from 32 studies that enrolled a total of 2935 patients who were exposed to fibrin sealant. Among these 33 studies there were only 3 randomized controlled trials, with the remaining being prospective cohort analysis, case controlled studies, prospective or retrospective case series. One randomized controlled trial, with 89 patients exposed to fibrin sealant, found a greater rate of intraoperative watertight dura closure in the fibrin sealant group than the control group (92.1% versus 38.0%, p0.05. Other clinical trials evaluated the effect of fibrin sealant in the postoperative prevention of cerebrospinal fluid leaks. These were generally lower level evidence studies (ie, not prospective, randomized, controlled trials that were not designed or powered to demonstrate a significant advantage to fibrin sealant use. Two small case series studies evaluated the effect of fibrin sealants in

  11. Fibrin Sealants in Dura Sealing: A Systematic Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esposito, Felice; Angileri, Filippo Flavio; Kruse, Peter; Cavallo, Luigi Maria; Solari, Domenico; Esposito, Vincenzo; Tomasello, Francesco; Cappabianca, Paolo

    2016-01-01

    Fibrin sealants are widely used in neurosurgery to seal the suture line, provide watertight closure, and prevent cerebrospinal fluid leaks. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the current efficacy and safety literature of fibrin sealants in dura sealing and the prevention/treatment of cerebrospinal fluid leaks. A comprehensive electronic literature search was run in the following databases: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Resister of Controlled Trials, clinicaltrials.gov, MEDLINE/PubMed, and EMBASE. Titles and abstracts of potential articles of interest were reviewed independently by 3 of the authors. A total of 1006 database records and additional records were identified. After screening for duplicates and relevance, a total of 78 articles were assessed by the investigators for eligibility. Thirty-eight were excluded and the full-text of 40 articles were included in the qualitative synthesis. Seven of these included only safety data and were included in the safety assessment. The remaining 33 articles included findings from 32 studies that enrolled a total of 2935 patients who were exposed to fibrin sealant. Among these 33 studies there were only 3 randomized controlled trials, with the remaining being prospective cohort analysis, case controlled studies, prospective or retrospective case series. One randomized controlled trial, with 89 patients exposed to fibrin sealant, found a greater rate of intraoperative watertight dura closure in the fibrin sealant group than the control group (92.1% versus 38.0%, psealant than control patients (6.7% versus 2.0%, p>0.05). Other clinical trials evaluated the effect of fibrin sealant in the postoperative prevention of cerebrospinal fluid leaks. These were generally lower level evidence studies (ie, not prospective, randomized, controlled trials) that were not designed or powered to demonstrate a significant advantage to fibrin sealant use. Two small case series studies evaluated the

  12. Fibrin sealants in supporting surgical techniques: The importance of individual components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wozniak, Gernold

    2003-08-01

    Fibrin sealants have many different uses across a broad range of surgeries, where they have proved successful in controlling bleeding, providing suture support and tissue sealing. The action of all fibrin sealants depends on the thrombin-catalyzed formation of a fibrin clot. However, neither the purity nor the concentration of the main components of fibrin sealants (thrombin and fibrinogen) is uniform across all commercial products and this will affect performance. In addition, the optional inclusion of other components such as factor XIII and antiproteolytic inhibitors may also influence the quality of clot formation. Properties that vary among different fibrin sealants, such as the clotting rate, viscosity, adhesiveness, clot strength and resistance to proteolysis, are all-important considerations for the surgeon. The application of fibrin sealants in a very wide spectrum of surgical procedures means that some fibrin sealants may be more suitable for a particular procedure than others. One of the advantages of commercial fibrin sealants is that the high level of quality control ensures that their composition is extremely consistent between batches. On the other hand, blood bank-derived fibrin sealants may vary in their composition from one preparation to the next and hence be less predictable in their performance. This paper discusses how individual components contribute to the overall performance of fibrin sealants, thereby providing to the surgeon the necessary information to select the optimal fibrin sealant for a specific procedure.

  13. Fibrin sealant as a carrier for sustained delivery of antibiotics

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    Selçuk Kara

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the activity and sustained release of antibiotics from fibrin sealant against common strains of ocular bacteria. Methods: Vancomycin, ceftazidime, moxifloxacin and lomefloxacin were incorporated into fibrin sealant in the shape of discs. Each antibiotic disc and control fibrin disc without drug was tested in vitro against standard bacterial strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeroginosa. After 24 hours of incubation at 37 °C, the discs were transferred to new plates of bacteria and triplicated for each antibiotic. Results: All antibiotic discs demonstrated detectable activity after 24 hours. Vancomycin had the longest duration of activity (4 days on the S. pneumonia grown plate. The moxifloxacin discs showed a prolonged inhibition of S. aureus and S. pneumonia for 3 days and inhibited the other strains for 2 days. Conclusion: Fibrin sealants provided prolonged drug delivery, which indicates that antibiotic-loaded fibrin clots could be useful for early ocular postoperative care and treatment. J Clin Exp Invest 2014; 5 (2: 194-199

  14. Biochemical characterization of autologous fibrin sealants produced by CryoSeal and Vivostat in comparison to the homologous fibrin sealant product Tissucol/Tisseel.

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    Buchta, Christoph; Hedrich, Hans Christian; Macher, Maria; Höcker, Paul; Redl, Heinz

    2005-11-01

    Different principles for production of "autologous fibrin sealant" have been established, and commercial devices employing these methods are nowadays available and used in clinical routine. Users might anticipate for these autologous fibrin sealants features comparable to commercial homologous fibrin sealants, used in surgical routine for many years. However, only little is known about biochemical properties, formation, cross-linking and stability of fibrin sealant clots produced for autologous use with the aid of commercially available devices. We have investigated protein composition, formation and stability of clots obtained from autologuous fibrin sealants produced with commercially available devices (CryoSeal and Vivostat) and compared these parameters to those of the industrially produced homologous fibrin sealant Tissucol/Tisseel. The CryoSeal product is a mixture of many plasma proteins; the Vivostat product and Tissucol/Tisseel appear as comparatively pure plasma derivatives. The products differ in their protein composition and concentrations, including their concentration in fibrin. Significant fibrin alpha and gamma-chain cross-linking by FXIIIa occurs only in Tissucol/Tisseel clots. In test tubes CryoSeal and Vivostat (tranexamic acid-free formulation) fibrin clots liquefy within 1-2 days, but Vivostat (tranexamic acid containing formulation) clots were stable for 4 days and showed partial liquefaction after 5 days. Tissucol/Tisseel clots, containing the protease inhibitor aprotinin, appeared unchanged over the observation period of 5 days. In an in vitro model mimicking in vivo conditions (diffusion of protease inhibitors and proteolytic digestion) clot liquefaction occurs at day 1 for all autologous fibrin sealants clots, with an observable delay for the tranexamic acid containing Vivostat, and day 5 for Tissucol/Tisseel clots. Characterization of the CryoSeal and Vivostat fibrin sealants and Tissucol/Tisseel and their performance show a clear

  15. Fibrin chain cross-linking, fibrinolysis, and in vivo sealing efficacy of differently structured fibrin sealants.

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    Hedrich, Hans Christian; Simunek, Manuela; Reisinger, Sonja; Ferguson, James; Gulle, Heinz; Goppelt, Andreas; Redl, Heinz

    2012-08-01

    In this study, we compared the sealing characteristics and efficacy of a fibrin sealant with reduced plasminogen (FS-rplg) and a fibrin sealant with aprotinin as a fibrinolysis inhibitor (FS-apr). The relevant sealing characteristics including clot structure, fibrin chain cross-linking, and clot lysis were tested in the laboratory. The sealing efficacy was then investigated in a follow-up animal model to determine differences in the in vivo sealing properties. A total of 46 animals were available for the final analysis with 23 animals in each treatment arm. In conclusion, we saw differences in vitro between FS-rplg and FS-apr in ultrastructure and α-chain cross-linking rates as well as in the rate of fibrinolysis. These differences may explain the significantly enhanced sealing efficacy in FS-apr compared to FS-rplg shown in vivo in a rabbit intestinal model. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Engineered isopeptide bond stabilized fibrin inspired nanoscale peptide based sealants for efficient blood clotting

    OpenAIRE

    Ghosh, Snehasish; Mukherjee, Sanchita; Dutta, Chiranjit; Chakraborty, Kasturee; Gayen, Paramita; Jan, Somnath; Bhattacharyya, Dhananjay; Roy, Rituparna Sinha

    2017-01-01

    Designing biologically inspired nanoscale molecular assembly with desired functionality is a challenging endeavour. Here we report the designing of fibrin-inspired nanostructured peptide based sealants which facilitate remarkably fast entrapping of blood corpuscles (~28 seconds) in contrast to fibrin (~56 seconds). Our engineered sealants are stabilized by lysine-aspartate ionic interactions and also by N?(?-glutamyl) lysine isopeptide bond mediated covalent interaction. Each sealant is forme...

  17. Subconjunctival carboplatin in fibrin sealant in the treatment of transgenic murine retinoblastoma.

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    Van Quill, Kurtis R; Dioguardi, Phyllis K; Tong, Candice T; Gilbert, Jake A; Aaberg, Thomas M; Grossniklaus, Hans E; Edelhauser, Henry F; O'Brien, Joan M

    2005-06-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of subconjunctival carboplatin in fibrin sealant in the treatment of transgenic murine retinoblastoma. Experimental study using LHbeta-Tag transgenic mice in a randomized controlled trial. Thirty-three 10-week-old LHbeta-Tag transgenic mice: 22 carboplatin-treated animals and 11 control animals. Three groups of 11 mice were treated with a single, 30 microl injection of fibrin sealant in the subconjunctival space of 1 eye; the opposite eye was left untreated as an internal control. Group 1 (low-dose group) received 37.5 mg/ml calculated concentration of carboplatin in fibrin sealant (0.66 mg measured total dose). Group 2 (high-dose group) received 75 mg/ml calculated concentration of carboplatin in fibrin sealant (1.23 mg measured total dose). Group 3 (control group) received fibrin sealant only. Mice were killed on day 22 after treatment. Eyes were serially sectioned, and retinal tumor burden was quantified by histopathologic analysis. For statistical analysis of treatment effects, eyes were divided into 6 groups: low-dose group, sealant-treated eyes; low-dose group, untreated eyes; high-dose group, sealant-treated eyes; high-dose group, untreated eyes; control group, sealant-treated eyes; and control group, untreated eyes. Main outcome measure was mean tumor burden per level per eye in each experimental group. The best therapeutic results were obtained in eyes treated with low-dose carboplatin in fibrin sealant, where no histopathologic evidence of toxicity was observed, and 6 of 11 eyes had zero tumor burden. Tumor burden in the remaining 5 eyes in this group was minimal (4 eyes) or moderate (1 eye) compared with mean control values. Mean tumor burden in this group was significantly smaller than mean tumor burden in untreated eyes from the same mice (P<0.004), sealant-treated eyes in the control group (P<0.004), and untreated eyes in the control group (P<0.002). Although a similar reduction in mean tumor burden was observed in eyes

  18. Venous gas embolism caused by fibrin sealant application to the prostate during greenlight laser photoselective vaporization.

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    Lee, Alexander; Vazquez, Rafael

    2015-04-15

    Venous gas embolism is a complication of fibrin sealant application and is a well-described event during various modes of prostate resection. We describe the case of a nitrogen venous gas embolism during Greenlight laser photovaporization of the prostate during the application of fibrin sealant to the operative site for hemostasis. Fibrin sealant application by a compressed gas applicator is a cause of venous air embolism, and this case highlights the need to keep venous gas embolism in mind when compressed gas applicators are used.

  19. Efficacy and safety of fibrin sealant for tissue adherence in facial rhytidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spotnitz WD

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available William D SpotnitzThe Surgical Therapeutic Advancement Center, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USAAbstract: The purpose of this review is to clarify the present use of fibrin sealant in rhyditectomy procedures and help maximize the appropriate and safe application of this material. A set of terms and definitions for hemostats, sealants, and adhesives based on group, category, and class will be employed to highlight the specific capabilities of fibrin sealant. Fibrin sealant has now emerged as an example of maximizing the usefulness of a surgical agent and is the only product with Food and Drug Administration approval in all three groupings: hemostats; sealants; and adhesives. A variety of manufacturers’ fibrin sealant products are available including multiple liquids and one patch. A single liquid product is now specifically indicated for skin flap adherence during rhytidectomy. The unique characteristic of this particular two component fibrin sealant adhesive agent is its slower polymerization rate as a result of a low thrombin concentration which when combined with fibrinogen permits adequate time for manipulation of flaps and tissues prior to final fixation. In addition to its flap adherence and potential space elimination capability, fibrin sealant is also an excellent blood clotting agent and can seal tissues to prevent lymphatic leak or serous fluid accumulation. Thus, it is almost ideally suited to reduce the occurrence of fluid accumulation, hematomas, ecchymoses, and swelling, as well as to possibly eliminate the need for drains following rhytidectomy. A literature review of fibrin sealant in rhytidectomy is included to help define the current state of its clinical use. The author’s recommendations for the best use of this material during facial procedures are also provided.Keywords: hemostats, sealants, adhesives, blood, lymph, serous fluid

  20. Does Fibrin Sealant Reduce Seroma after Immediate Breast Reconstruction Utilizing a Latissimus Dorsi Myocutaneous Flap?

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    Han Gyu Cha

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background The most common complication of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in breastreconstruction is seroma formation in the back. Many clinical studies have shown that fibrinsealant reduces seroma formation. We investigated any statistically significant differences inpostoperative drainage and seroma formation when utilizing the fibrin sealant on the site ofthe latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap harvested for immediate breast reconstruction afterskin-sparing partial mastectomy.Methods A total of 46 patients underwent immediate breast reconstruction utilizing alatissimus dorsi myocutaneous island flap. Of those, 23 patients underwent the procedurewithout fibrin sealant and the other 23 were administered the fibrin sealant. All flaps wereelevated with manual dissection by the same surgeon and were analyzed to evaluate thepotential benefits of the fibrin sealant. The correlation analysis and Mann-Whitney U testwere used for analyzing the drainage volume according to age, weight of the breast specimen,and body mass index.Results Although not statistically significant, the cumulative drainage fluid volume was higherin the control group until postoperative day 2 (530.1 mL compared to 502.3 mL, but thefibrin sealant group showed more drainage beginning on postoperative day 3. The donor sitecomparisons showed the fibrin sealant group had more drainage beginning on postoperativeday 3 and the drain was removed 1 day earlier in the control group.Conclusions The use of fibrin sealant resulted in no reduction of seroma formation. Becausethe benefits of the fibrin sealant are not clear, the use of fibrin sealant must be fully discussedwith patients before its use as a part of informed consent.

  1. Engineered isopeptide bond stabilized fibrin inspired nanoscale peptide based sealants for efficient blood clotting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Snehasish; Mukherjee, Sanchita; Dutta, Chiranjit; Chakraborty, Kasturee; Gayen, Paramita; Jan, Somnath; Bhattacharyya, Dhananjay; Roy, Rituparna Sinha

    2017-07-26

    Designing biologically inspired nanoscale molecular assembly with desired functionality is a challenging endeavour. Here we report the designing of fibrin-inspired nanostructured peptide based sealants which facilitate remarkably fast entrapping of blood corpuscles (~28 seconds) in contrast to fibrin (~56 seconds). Our engineered sealants are stabilized by lysine-aspartate ionic interactions and also by N(ε)(γ-glutamyl) lysine isopeptide bond mediated covalent interaction. Each sealant is formed by two peptides having complementary charges to promote lysine-aspartate ionic interactions and designed isopeptide bond mediated interactions. Computational analysis reveals the isopeptide bond mediated energetically favourable peptide assemblies in sealants 1-3. Our designed sealants 2 and 3 mimic fibrin-mediated clot formation mechanism in presence of transglutaminase enzyme and blood corpuscles. These fibrin-inspired peptides assemble to form sealants having superior hemostatic activities than fibrin. Designed sealants feature mechanical properties, biocompatibility, biodegradability and high adhesive strength. Such nature-inspired robust sealants might be potentially translated into clinics for facilitating efficient blood clotting to handle traumatic coagulopathy and impaired blood clotting.

  2. Comparison of Combat Gauze with Fibrin Sealant Patch in Hemorrhage Control after Vascular or Hepatic Trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-15

    AFRL-SA-WP-SR-2017-0013 Comparison of Combat Gauze with Fibrin Sealant Patch in Hemorrhage Control after Vascular or Hepatic Trauma ...2017 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Comparison of Combat Gauze with Fibrin Sealant Patch in Hemorrhage Control after Vascular or Hepatic Trauma 5a...45 seconds, wounds were treated with placement of either CG (n=5) or FP (n=6), and 75 pounds of pressure was held for 3 minutes. The pigs were then

  3. Systematic review and meta-analysis of fibrin sealants for patients undergoing pancreatic resection.

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    Orci, Lorenzo A; Oldani, Graziano; Berney, Thierry; Andres, Axel; Mentha, Gilles; Morel, Philippe; Toso, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a common complication after partial pancreatic resection, and is associated with increased rates of sepsis, mortality and costs. The role of fibrin sealants in decreasing the risk of POPF remains debatable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the literature regarding the effectiveness of fibrin sealants in pancreatic surgery. A comprehensive database search was conducted. Only randomized controlled trials comparing fibrin sealants with standard care were included. A meta-analysis regarding POPF, intra-abdominal collections, post-operative haemorrhage, pancreatitis and wound infections was performed according to the recommendations of the Cochrane collaboration. Seven studies were included, accounting for 897 patients. Compared with controls, patients receiving fibrin sealants had a pooled odds ratio (OR) of developing a POPF of 0.83 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.6-1.14], P = 0.245. There was a trend towards a reduction in post-operative haemorrhage (OR = 0.43 (95%CI: 0.18-1.0), P = 0.05) and intra-abdominal collections (OR = 0.52 (95%CI: 0.25-1.06), P = 0.073) in those patients receiving fibrin sealants. No difference was observed in terms of mortality, wound infections, re-interventions or hospital stay. On the basis of these results, fibrin sealants cannot be recommended for routine clinical use in the setting of pancreatic resection. © 2013 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association.

  4. Fibrinolytic proteins in human bile accelerate lysis of plasma clots and induce breakdown of fibrin sealants.

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    Boonstra, Elizabeth A; Adelmeijer, Jelle; Verkade, Henkjan J; de Boer, Marieke T; Porte, Robert J; Lisman, Ton

    2012-08-01

    We investigated the effect of human bile on the stability of plasma clots and of fibrin sealants. Fibrin sealants are extensively used in liver surgery, for example, during liver resections. Although these sealants have been developed to induce hemostasis, in practice these products are actually mainly used to seal dissected bile ducts to prevent postsurgical bile leakage. We performed in vitro assays in which clotting and lysis of human plasma clots or fibrin sealants was studied in presence or absence of human bile. Addition of bile to human plasma resulted in a dose-dependent increase in clotting time, and a dose-dependent decrease in clot lysis time. Bile also accelerated lysis of in vitro clotted fibrin sealants. Immunodepletion of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) resulted in partial depletion of the lysis promoting activity of bile. Immunodepletion of both tPA and lysine-binding proteins from bile fully abolished the lytic activity, suggesting that tPA and plasminogen present in human bile are responsible for the lysis-promoting effect. Surprisingly, addition of high dose plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) to bile did not attenuate the lytic activity toward fibrin sealants, which suggested that tPA in a biliary environment may be unsusceptible to PAI-1 inhibition. Indeed, bile acids were shown to prevent tPA from interacting with PAI-1, although preformed complexes were not destabilized upon addition of bile acids. These combined results suggest that the presence of tPA and other fibrinolytic proteins in human bile results in lysis of plasma clots or fibrin sealants, which potentially could affect the efficacy of the latter products.

  5. Fibrin sealant for mesh fixation in laparoscopic groin hernia repair does not increase long-term recurrence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fenger, Andreas Qwist; Helvind, Neel Maria; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian

    2016-01-01

    ) laparoscopic groin hernia repair using either fibrin sealant or tacks for mesh fixation. METHODS: This study used data from the Danish Hernia Database to create the following cohort: All patients operated laparoscopically for primary groin hernia with a TAPP procedure using fibrin sealant for mesh fixation...... were found, of which 30 (5.8%) were in the fibrin sealant group and 84 (8.3%) in the tacks group (p = 0.084). The Cox regression analysis found no difference in recurrence with the use of tacks compared to fibrin sealant (hazard ratio 0.8) [95% CI (0.5-1.2)]. CONCLUSION: We found no significant...... difference in long-term reoperation rates and clinical recurrences in patients undergoing TAPP repair with meshes fixated with fibrin sealant compared with tacks....

  6. Fibrin sealants for the prevention of postoperative pancreatic fistula following pancreatic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Yao; Ye, Mingxin; Xiong, Xianze; Peng, Su; Wu, Hong Mei; Cheng, Nansheng; Gong, Jianping

    2016-02-15

    Postoperative pancreatic fistula is one of the most frequent and potentially life-threatening complications following pancreatic resections. Fibrin sealants are introduced to reduce postoperative pancreatic fistula by some surgeons. However, the use of fibrin sealants during pancreatic surgery is controversial. To assess the safety, effectiveness, and potential adverse effects of fibrin sealants for the prevention of postoperative pancreatic fistula following pancreatic surgery. We searched The Cochrane Library (2015, Issue 7), MEDLINE (1946 to 26 August 2015), EMBASE (1980 to 26 August 2015), Science Citation Index Expanded (1900 to 26 August 2015), and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) (1978 to 26 August 2015). We included all randomized controlled trials that compared fibrin sealant group (fibrin glue or fibrin sealant patch) versus control group (no fibrin sealant or placebo) in people undergoing pancreatic surgery. Two review authors independently identified the trials for inclusion, collected the data, and assessed the risk of bias. We performed the meta-analyses using Review Manager 5. We calculated the risk ratio (RR) for dichotomous outcomes (or a Peto odds ratio for very rare outcomes), and the mean difference (MD) for continuous outcomes with 95% confidence intervals (CI). We included nine trials involving 1095 participants who were randomized to the fibrin sealant group (N = 550) and the control group (N = 545) after pancreatic surgery. All of the trials were at high risk of bias. There was no evidence of differences in overall postoperative pancreatic fistula (fibrin sealant 29.6%; control 31.0%; RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.71 to 1.21; P = 0.58; nine studies; low-quality evidence), postoperative mortality (3.1% versus 2.1%; Peto OR 1.29, 95% CI 0.59 to 2.82; P = 0.53; eight studies; very low-quality evidence), overall postoperative morbidity (29.6% versus 28.9%; RR 1.04, 95% CI 0.82 to 1.32; P = 0.77; five studies), reoperation rate (8.7% versus 10

  7. Safety and efficacy of a novel, dry powder fibrin sealant for hemostasis in hepatic resection.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruitenbeek, K.; Ayez, N.; Verhoef, C.; Wilt, J.H.W. de; Bottema, J.; Rijken, A.M.; Rij, M. van; Koopman, J; Zuckerman, L.A.; Frohna, P.; Porte, R.J.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fibrocaps is a dry powder fibrin sealant containing human plasma-derived fibrinogen and thrombin. The safety, efficacy, and application methods for Fibrocaps were evaluated in an exploratory, first-in-human, noncomparative, clinical study. METHODS: Patients with minor

  8. Safety and Efficacy of a Novel, Dry Powder Fibrin Sealant for Hemostasis in Hepatic Resection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruitenbeek, Karin; Ayez, N.; Verhoef, C.; de Wilt, J. Hans W.; Bottema, Jan; Rijken, Arjen M.; van Rij, Monique; Koopman, Jaap; Zuckerman, Linda A.; Frohna, Paul; Porte, Robert J.

    2014-01-01

    Background/Aims: Fibrocaps is a dry powder fibrin sealant containing human plasma-derived fibrinogen and thrombin. The safety, efficacy, and application methods for Fibrocaps were evaluated in an exploratory, first-in-human, non-comparative, clinical study. Methods: Patients with minor

  9. Our experience of fibrin sealant-assisted implantation of Ahmed glaucoma valve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhari, Nikhil S; Neog, Aditya; Sharma, Anuj; Iyer, Geetha K; Srinivasan, Bhaskar

    2013-01-01

    To report our experience with the fibrin sealant as a suture substitute for securing the human scleral patch graft during implantation of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV). A retrospective, non-comparative study of 12 eyes of 12 patients who underwent an AGV implantation with fibrin sealant for part of the procedure during June 2009 to September 2010. The mean patient age was 21.5 ± 20.6 years. Male: Female ratio was 2 : 1. Seven (58.3%) patients were monocular. The indications for AGV were varied. The mean number of intra-ocular surgeries prior to an implantation of AGV was 1.8. The mean follow-up duration was 24.5 ± 17.9 weeks. There was a statistically significant reduction in the mean IOP and in the mean number of anti-glaucoma medications at the final visit compared to the pre-operative values (P AGV tube exposure, tube-cornea touch, or conjunctival erosion. Vision threatening complication viz. late post-operative rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, unlikely to be related to the use of the fibrin sealant, occurred in 2 (16.6%) eyes. The fibrin sealant offers the advantages of safety and convenience to the placement of a scleral patch graft during an AGV implantation.

  10. Lower reoperation rates with the use of fibrin sealant versus tacks for mesh fixation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helvind, Neel Maria; Andresen, Kristoffer; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Groin hernia repair may be associated with long-term complications such as chronic pain, believed to result from damage to regional nerves by tissue penetrating mesh fixation. Studies have shown that mesh fixation with fibrin sealant reduces the risk of these long-term complications, ...

  11. Long-Standing Motor and Sensory Recovery following Acute Fibrin Sealant Based Neonatal Sciatic Nerve Repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Perussi Biscola

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Brachial plexus lesion results in loss of motor and sensory function, being more harmful in the neonate. Therefore, this study evaluated neuroprotection and regeneration after neonatal peripheral nerve coaptation with fibrin sealant. Thus, P2 neonatal Lewis rats were divided into three groups: AX: sciatic nerve axotomy (SNA without treatment; AX+FS: SNA followed by end-to-end coaptation with fibrin sealant derived from snake venom; AX+CFS: SNA followed by end-to-end coaptation with commercial fibrin sealant. Results were analyzed 4, 8, and 12 weeks after lesion. Astrogliosis, microglial reaction, and synapse preservation were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Neuronal survival, axonal regeneration, and ultrastructural changes at ventral spinal cord were also investigated. Sensory-motor recovery was behaviorally studied. Coaptation preserved synaptic covering on lesioned motoneurons and led to neuronal survival. Reactive gliosis and microglial reaction decreased in the same groups (AX+FS, AX+CFS at 4 weeks. Regarding axonal regeneration, coaptation allowed recovery of greater number of myelinated fibers, with improved morphometric parameters. Preservation of inhibitory synaptic terminals was accompanied by significant improvement in the motor as well as in the nociceptive recovery. Overall, the present data suggest that acute repair of neonatal peripheral nerves with fibrin sealant results in neuroprotection and regeneration of motor and sensory axons.

  12. Heterologous fibrin sealant derived from snake venom: from bench to bedside - an overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Rui Seabra; de Barros, Luciana Curtolo; Abbade, Luciana Patrícia Fernandes; Barraviera, Silvia Regina Catharino Sartori; Silvares, Maria Regina Cavariani; de Pontes, Leticia Gomes; Dos Santos, Lucilene Delazari; Barraviera, Benedito

    2017-01-01

    Hemostatic and adhesive agents date back to World War II, when homologous fibrin sealant came onto scene. Considering that infectious diseases can be transmitted via human blood, a new heterologous fibrin sealant was standardized in the 1990s. Its components were a serine protease (a thrombin-like enzyme) extracted from the venom of Crotalus durissus terrificus snakes and a fibrinogen-rich cryoprecipitate extracted from the blood of Bubalus bubalis buffaloes. This new bioproduct has been used as a coagulant, sealant, adhesive and recently as a candidate scaffold for mesenchymal stem cells and bone and cartilage repair. This review discusses the composition of a new heterologous fibrin sealant, and cites published articles related to its preclinical applications aiming at repairing nervous system traumas and regenerating bone marrow. Finally, we present an innovative safety trial I/II that found the product to be a safe and clinically promising candidate for treating chronic venous ulcers. A multicenter clinical trial, phase II/III, with a larger number of participants will be performed to prove the efficacy of an innovative biopharmaceutical product derived from animal venom.

  13. Comparison of commercial fibrin sealants in facelift surgery: a prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Botti G

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Giovanni Botti,1 Michele Pascali,2 Chiara Botti,1 Florian Bodog,3 Pietro Gentile,2 Valerio Cervelli2 1Villa Bella Clinic, Salò, 2Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy; 3University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two types of fibrin glue in patients undergoing facelift surgery. Methods: A prospective, controlled "right-left side" study was carried out in 20 patients. The two fibrin sealants used were Quixil® and Tissucol®. The two sealants were used at the same time, ie, one on one side of the face and the other on the contralateral side. Comparisons were made with regard to rates of hematoma and seroma, degree of induration, edema, ecchymosis, pain levels, and patient satisfaction. Results: The results were almost equivalent. The only exception was a significant (40 mL hematoma in a patient treated with Quixil. Bleeding was most likely due to a sudden rise in blood pressure during the immediate postoperative period. However, it must be emphasized that, while Tissucol actually seals the undermined area, thus virtually eliminating the dead space, Quixil acts differently, in that its effectiveness in preventing hematoma is linked mainly to its hemostatic effect. Conclusion: The two fibrin sealants used were nearly identical with regard to patient safety and quality of the result. Nevertheless, it is noted that, while Tissucol has both hemostatic and "gluing" effects, Quixil is mainly effective in securing hemostasis. Keywords: facelift surgery, rhytidectomy, fibrin sealants, hematoma

  14. Reduction of the closure time of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas with fibrin sealant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avalos-González, Jorge; Portilla-deBuen, Eliseo; Leal-Cortés, Caridad Aurea; Orozco-Mosqueda, Abel; del Carmen Estrada-Aguilar, María; Velázquez-Ramírez, Gabriela Abigail; Ambriz-González, Gabriela; Fuentes-Orozco, Clotilde; Guzmán-Gurrola, Aldo Emmerson; González-Ojeda, Alejandro

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To assess whether the use of fibrin sealant shortens the closure time of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs). METHODS: The prospective case-control study included 70 patients with postoperative ECFs with an output of 2 cm and without any local complication. They were divided into study (n = 23) and control groups (n = 47). Esophageal, gastric and colocutaneous fistulas were monitored under endoscopic visualization, which also allowed fibrin glue application directly through the external hole. Outcome variables included closure time, time to resume oral feeding and morbidity related to nutritional support. RESULTS: There were no differences in mean age, fistula output, and follow-up. Closure-time for all patients of the study group was 12.5 ± 14.2 d and 32.5 ± 17.9 d for the control group (P < 0.001), and morbidity related to nutritional support was 8.6% and 42.5%, respectively (P < 0.01). In patients with colonic fistulas, complete closure occurred 23.5 ± 19.5 d after the first application of fibrin glue, and spontaneous closure was observed after 36.2 ± 22.8 d in the control group (P = 0.36). Recurrences were observed in 2 patients because of residual disease. One patient of each group died during follow-up as a consequence of septic complications related to parenteral nutrition. CONCLUSION: Closure time was significantly reduced with the use of fibrin sealant, and oral feeding was resumed faster. We suggest the use of fibrin sealant for the management of stable enterocutaneous fistulas. PMID:20533600

  15. Treatment of venous ulcers with fibrin sealant derived from snake venom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAN Gatti

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Venous ulcers of the lower limbs complicated by infection or chronicity represent a serious public health problem. The elevated number of those afflicted burdens the health services, interferes in quality of life and causes absenteeism. Although there are 2,500 items on the market, ranging from the simplest dressing up to the most complex types of dressing, treatment remains a challenge. Among the substances used, fibrin sealant is the one that promotes diminution of bacterial colonization and of edema, controls hemorrhaging, alters the pain threshold by protecting the nerve endings, hydrates the wound bed and forms granulation tissue that favors healing. Its disadvantages include higher cost and utilization of human fibrinogen that can transmit infectious diseases. The Center for the Study of Venoms and Venomous Animals (CEVAP at São Paulo State University (UNESP developed a new sealant made up of fibrinogen extracted from large animals and from an enzyme obtained from snake venom. The present study, developed in the Health Education Clinic (CEPS of Sacred Heart University (USC aimed to evaluate the effect of the new sealant on the healing process of venous ulcers in 24 adult patients, seven of whom were male and 17 female. Two study groups were formed as follows: Group 1 (G1 - control group of 11 patients treated with essential fatty acid (EFA and Unna's boot, and Group 2 (G2 - 13 patients treated with essential fatty acid (EFA, fibrin sealant and Unna's boot. The follow-up lasted eight weeks and the sealant was applied at only the first and fourth weeks. The results showed that Group 2 presented worse lesion conditions as to healing, but, when comparing the two groups, it was noteworthy that the the sealant was effective in healing venous ulcers. There is evidence that the new sealant is recommended for leg ulcers with the following advantages: ease of application, preparation of the wound bed, diminution of pain and a higher number of

  16. Bone induction by composites of bioresorbable carriers and demineralized bone in rats: a comparative study of fibrin-collagen paste, fibrin sealant, and polyorthoester with gentamicin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Solheim, E; Bang, G

    1992-01-01

    Host tissue response and heterotopic osteoinduction by composites of demineralized bone matrix and three different substances used as bioresorbable carriers implanted in the abdominal muscles were evaluated by strontium 85 uptake and histology 4 weeks postoperatively in 60 male Wistar rats. Both...... fibrin-collagen paste and fibrin sealant inhibited bone induction and produced a chronic inflammation; part of the fibrin-collagen paste was still present at 4 weeks. Polyorthoester with gentamicin was almost completely absorbed, induced minimal tissue reaction, and did not inhibit osteoinduction....

  17. Randomized clinical trial of fibrin sealant versus titanium tacks for mesh fixation in laparoscopic umbilical hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, J R; Bisgaard, T; Assaadzadeh, S

    2011-01-01

    The use of tacks for mesh fixation may induce pain after surgery for ventral hernia. The aim of this study was to compare postoperative pain after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) with conventional mesh fixation using titanium tacks versus fibrin sealant (FS).......The use of tacks for mesh fixation may induce pain after surgery for ventral hernia. The aim of this study was to compare postoperative pain after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) with conventional mesh fixation using titanium tacks versus fibrin sealant (FS)....

  18. Evaluation of Fibrin Sealants and Tissue Adhesives in Oral Surgery for Patients with Bleeding Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülsüm Ak

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of two local haemostatic agents administered together with preoperative dose of replacement therapy for oral surgical procedures in patients with bleeding disorders METHODS: Twenty-one patients were divided into three groups randomly. Patients in Group 1 (n=7 received preoperative replacement therapy with postoperative fibrin sealant application in the surgical site. Patients in Group 2 (n=7 received preoperative replacement therapy with postoperative tissue adhesive application in the surgical site. Patients in Group 3 (n=7 were given total dose of replacement therapy pre- and postoperatively. RESULTS: No postoperative bleeding was observed in 17 patients including five patients in Group 1 (71.42%, six patients in Group 2 (85.71% and six patients in Group 3 (85.71%. Haemorrhagic complication was observed in only four patients among all groups. CONCLUSION: We conclude that utilization of fibrin sealants and tissue adhesives in oral surgery is beneficial due to the lessened amount of factor concentrates used for replacement therapy and the rapid haemostasis at the operation side to perform serial surgical procedures in the same session.

  19. Efficacy of Quilting Sutures and Fibrin Sealant Together for Prevention of Seroma in Extended Latissimus Dorsi Flap Donor Sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    In Soo Shin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundThe extended latissimus dorsi flap is important for breast reconstruction. Unfortunately, donor site seroma is the most common complication of extended latissimus dorsi flap for breast reconstruction. Although using fibrin sealant in the donor site reduces the rate of seroma formation, donor site seroma remains a troublesome complication. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of the combination of quilting sutures and fibrin sealant in the latissimus dorsi donor site for the prevention of seroma.MethodsForty-six patients who underwent breast reconstruction with extended latissimus flap were enrolled in the study. The patients received either fibrin sealant (group 1, n=25 or a combination of fibrin sealant and quilting sutures (group 2, n=21 in the extended latissimus dorsi donor site. Outcome measures were obtained from the incidence, volume of postoperative seroma, total drainage amount, indwelling period of drainage, and duration of hospital stay.ResultsThe incidence of seroma was 76% in group 1 and 42.9% in group 2 (P=0.022. We also found significant reductions in seroma volume (P=0.043, total drainage amount (P=0.002, indwelling period of drainage (P=0.01, and frequency of aspiration (P=0.043. The quilting sutures did not affect the rate of drainage, tube reinsertion, or hospital stay.ConclusionsThe use of quilting sutures combined with fibrin sealant on the latissimus dorsi flap donor site is helpful for reducing the overall seroma volume, frequency of aspiration, and total drainage amount.

  20. Motor recovery and synaptic preservation after ventral root avulsion and repair with a fibrin sealant derived from snake venom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbizan, Roberta; Castro, Mateus V; Rodrigues, Antônio C; Barraviera, Benedito; Ferreira, Rui S; Oliveira, Alexandre L R

    2013-01-01

    Ventral root avulsion is an experimental model of proximal axonal injury at the central/peripheral nervous system interface that results in paralysis and poor clinical outcome after restorative surgery. Root reimplantation may decrease neuronal degeneration in such cases. We describe the use of a snake venom-derived fibrin sealant during surgical reconnection of avulsed roots at the spinal cord surface. The present work investigates the effects of this fibrin sealant on functional recovery, neuronal survival, synaptic plasticity, and glial reaction in the spinal motoneuron microenvironment after ventral root reimplantation. Female Lewis rats (7 weeks old) were subjected to VRA and root replantation. The animals were divided into two groups: 1) avulsion only and 2) replanted roots with fibrin sealant derived from snake venom. Post-surgical motor performance was evaluated using the CatWalk system twice a week for 12 weeks. The rats were sacrificed 12 weeks after surgery, and their lumbar intumescences were processed for motoneuron counting and immunohistochemistry (GFAP, Iba-1 and synaptophysin antisera). Array based qRT-PCR was used to evaluate gene regulation of several neurotrophic factors and receptors as well as inflammatory related molecules. The results indicated that the root reimplantation with fibrin sealant enhanced motor recovery, preserved the synaptic covering of the motoneurons and improved neuronal survival. The replanted group did not show significant changes in microglial response compared to VRA-only. However, the astroglial reaction was significantly reduced in this group. In conclusion, the present data suggest that the repair of avulsed roots with snake venom fibrin glue at the exact point of detachment results in neuroprotection and preservation of the synaptic network at the microenvironment of the lesioned motoneurons. Also such procedure reduced the astroglial reaction and increased mRNA levels to neurotrophins and anti

  1. Motor recovery and synaptic preservation after ventral root avulsion and repair with a fibrin sealant derived from snake venom.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Barbizan

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Ventral root avulsion is an experimental model of proximal axonal injury at the central/peripheral nervous system interface that results in paralysis and poor clinical outcome after restorative surgery. Root reimplantation may decrease neuronal degeneration in such cases. We describe the use of a snake venom-derived fibrin sealant during surgical reconnection of avulsed roots at the spinal cord surface. The present work investigates the effects of this fibrin sealant on functional recovery, neuronal survival, synaptic plasticity, and glial reaction in the spinal motoneuron microenvironment after ventral root reimplantation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Female Lewis rats (7 weeks old were subjected to VRA and root replantation. The animals were divided into two groups: 1 avulsion only and 2 replanted roots with fibrin sealant derived from snake venom. Post-surgical motor performance was evaluated using the CatWalk system twice a week for 12 weeks. The rats were sacrificed 12 weeks after surgery, and their lumbar intumescences were processed for motoneuron counting and immunohistochemistry (GFAP, Iba-1 and synaptophysin antisera. Array based qRT-PCR was used to evaluate gene regulation of several neurotrophic factors and receptors as well as inflammatory related molecules. The results indicated that the root reimplantation with fibrin sealant enhanced motor recovery, preserved the synaptic covering of the motoneurons and improved neuronal survival. The replanted group did not show significant changes in microglial response compared to VRA-only. However, the astroglial reaction was significantly reduced in this group. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: In conclusion, the present data suggest that the repair of avulsed roots with snake venom fibrin glue at the exact point of detachment results in neuroprotection and preservation of the synaptic network at the microenvironment of the lesioned motoneurons. Also such procedure reduced the

  2. Partial Pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple Procedure) for Pancreatic Malignancy: Occlusion of a Non-Anastomosed Pancreatic Stump With Fibrin Sealant

    OpenAIRE

    Marczell, Arthur P.; Michael Stierer

    1992-01-01

    Following partial pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary and pancreatic cancer, the complication and mortality rates are particularly high. Various approaches have aimed at improving the postoperative result, with less than complete success. The discouraging results of others, and our own dissatisfaction, led us to evaluate an atraumatic, sutureless method for management of the residual gland. Following head resection, the remaining pancreas is occluded with a fibrin sealant (Tisseel c, Im...

  3. No effect of fibrin sealant on drain output or functional recovery following simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Skovgaard, Christian; Holm, Bente; Troelsen, Anders; Lunn, Troels H; Gaarn-Larsen, Lissi; Kehlet, Henrik; Husted, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Background and purpose Blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may lead to anemia, blood transfusions, and increased total costs. Also, bleeding into the periarticular tissue may cause swelling and a reduction in quadriceps strength, thus impairing early functional recovery. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we analyzed the possible effect of fibrin sealant on blood loss and early functional recovery in a fast-track setting. Methods 24 consecutive patients und...

  4. Laparoendoscopic single-site myomectomy and the use of fibrin sealant (Tisseel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelito Magno

    2015-11-01

    ensured after the suturing. A fibrin sealant, Tisseel (Baxter Healthcare Corp., Deerfield, IL, is applied over the suture site as an adjunct to hemostasis and also to prevent adhesion. The fundamental advantage of LESS is less incision, as a result, improves cosmesis. LESS myomectomy has many technical difficulties, including reduced visualization, loss of triangulation, and instrument interference. Thus, the type, location and numbers of the myomas are critical to succeed LESS myomectomy. The Food and Drug Administration has approved fibrin sealant in 1998 as an adjunct to hemostasis and sealing. Besides, certain studies have reported its anti-adhesion property. Upon mixing of the two components in the lumens of Tisseel, the combinations of thrombin and fibrinogen transformed into fibrin, forming a rubber-like tissue that adheres to the wound surface.

  5. No difference in sexual dysfunction after transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) approach for inguinal hernia with fibrin sealant or tacks for mesh fixation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pommergaard, Hans Christian; Burcharth, J; Andresen, K

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Postoperative sexual dysfunction in relation to laparoscopic groin hernia surgery may be related to methods of mesh fixation. However, this has not been investigated earlier. Moreover, results regarding sexual dysfunction in females have not been reported systematically. The aim...... of this study was to compare fibrin sealant versus tacks for fixation of mesh regarding sexual dysfunction in males and females. METHODS: Using the Danish Hernia Database, patients operated laparoscopically for groin hernia with a transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) procedure with fibrin sealant or tacks...

  6. Fibrin sealant improves hemostasis in peripheral vascular surgery: a randomized prospective trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Worthington G; Burks, Sandra G; Gagne, Paul J; Kagan, Steven A; Lawson, Jeffrey H; Spotnitz, William D

    2003-06-01

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of an investigational fibrin sealant (FS) in a randomized prospective, partially blinded, controlled, multicenter trial. Upper extremity vascular access surgery using polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) graft placement for dialysis was chosen as a reproducible, clinically relevant model for evaluating the usefulness of FS. The FS consisted of pooled human fibrinogen (60 mg/mL) and thrombin (500 NIH U/mL). Time to hemostasis was measured, and adverse events were monitored. Consenting adult patients (n = 48) undergoing placement of a standard PTFE graft were randomized in a 2:1:1 ratio to the treatment group using FS (ZLB Bioplasma AG, Bern, Switzerland), oxidized regenerated cellulose (Surgicel, Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, NJ), or pressure. Patients received heparin (3,000 IU IVP) before placement of vascular clamps. If the treatment was FS, clamps were left in place for 120 seconds after the application of study material to permit polymerization. If treatment was Surgicel, clamps were left in place until the agent had been applied according to manufacturer's instructions. If the treatment was pressure, clamps were released as soon as the investigator was ready to apply compression. Immediately after release of the last clamp, the arterial and venous suture lines were evaluated for bleeding. The time to hemostasis at both the venous and arterial sites was recorded. Significant (P < or =.005) reduction in time to hemostasis was achieved in the FS group. Thirteen (54.2%) patients randomized to FS experienced immediate hemostasis at both suture lines following clamp removal compared to no patients using Surgicel or pressure. Only one patient (7.1%) in the Surgicel group and no patients in the pressure group experienced hemostasis at 120 seconds from clamp removal, compared to 13 (54.2%) patients for FS. Adverse events were comparable in all groups. There were no seroconversions. FS achieved more rapid hemostasis than traditional

  7. Early experience of the use of fibrin sealant in the management of children with pilonidal sinus disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Caroline Mary; Jones, Abigail; Dass, Dipankar; Murthi, Govind; Lindley, Richard

    2015-02-01

    The use of fibrin sealant in the management of pilonidal sinus disease has not previously been described in children. We present our experience of primary pit excision and use of fibrin sealant (PEF) and compare outcomes with lateralising flap procedures (LFP). A single centre retrospective case note review of all children who had undergone a definitive procedure for pilonidal sinus from August 2006 to Dec 2013 was performed using data expressed as median (range) and compared using Fisher's exact test. PPEF and twenty-six LFP. Two children had recurrence following primary PEF and had repeat PEF which was curative. Overall recurrence rates following PEF procedure were comparable to LFP (17% vs 21%; P=1.0). There were no wound dehiscences in the PEF group and one wound infection. There was one wound dehiscence and one wound infection in the LFP group. Median operative time for PEF was lower than LFP (20 vs 60 min, P=0.001). 83% of PEF procedures were performed as day cases. One child was lost to follow up, and two children progressed to adult services. We recommend PEF in children with pilonidal sinus disease as primary treatment and for recurrence. PEF has comparable recurrence and wound infection rates to LFPs, is performed as day case, has shorter anaesthetic times, and the risk of wound dehiscence is avoided. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Use of Fibrin Sealant for Prosthetic Mesh Fixation in Laparoscopic Extraperitoneal Inguinal Hernia Repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katkhouda, Namir; Mavor, Eli; Friedlander, Melanie H.; Mason, Rodney J.; Kiyabu, Milton; Grant, Steven W.; Achanta, Kranti; Kirkman, Erlinda L.; Narayanan, Krishna; Essani, Rahila

    2001-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy of mesh fixation with fibrin sealant (FS) in laparoscopic preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair and to compare it with stapled fixation. Summary Background Data Laparoscopic hernia repair involves the fixation of the prosthetic mesh in the preperitoneal space with staples to avoid displacement leading to recurrence. The use of staples is associated with a small but significant number of complications, mainly nerve injury and hematomas. FS (Tisseel) is a biodegradable adhesive obtained by a combination of human-derived fibrinogen and thrombin, duplicating the last step of the coagulation cascade. It can be used as an alternative method of fixation. Methods A prosthetic mesh was placed laparoscopically into the preperitoneal space in both groins in 25 female pigs and fixed with either FS or staples or left without fixation. The method of fixation was chosen by randomization. The pigs were killed after 12 days to assess early graft incorporation. The following outcome measures were evaluated: macroscopic findings, including graft alignment and motion, tensile strength between the grafts and surrounding tissues, and histologic findings (fibrous reaction and inflammatory response). Results The procedures were completed laparoscopically in 49 sites. Eighteen grafts were fixed with FS and 16 with staples; 15 were not fixed. There was no significant difference in graft motion between the FS and stapled groups, but the nonfixed mesh had significantly more graft motion than in either of the fixed groups. There was no significant difference in median tensile strength between the FS and stapled groups. The tensile strength in the nonfixed group was significantly lower than the other two groups. FS triggered a significantly stronger fibrous reaction and inflammatory response than in the stapled and control groups. No infection related to method of fixation was observed in any group. Conclusion An adequate mesh fixation in the extraperitoneal

  9. Fibrin sealant for closure of mucosal penetration at the cardia during peroral endoscopic myotomy: A retrospective study at a single center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wen-Gang; Linghu, En-Qiang; Li, Hui-Kai

    2017-03-07

    To assess the efficacy and safety of fibrin sealant for closure of mucosal penetration at the cardia during peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). Twenty-four patients who underwent POEM and experienced mucosal injury of the cardia during the procedure were retrospectively identified. Of the 24 patients, 21 had mucosal penetration and 3 had only slight mucosal damage without penetration. The 21 patients with mucosal penetration received fibrin sealant for closure at the site of penetration. Penetration-related characteristics, treatment, and recovery were reviewed for all 21 patients to assess the efficacy and safety of fibrin sealant for closure of mucosal penetration at the cardia. Clinical data, including general characteristics, procedure-related parameters, Eckardt scores, lower esophageal sphincter pressures (LESP), and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) results, were analyzed to determine their influence on treatment success after mucosal penetration during POEM. All 21 patients had a solitary mucosal penetration in the cardia (12 in esophageal region of the cardia, 9 in the stomach region of the cardia, and 1 in both the esophageal and stomach regions). Twelve had a hole-like penetration and 9 had a linear penetration. For those with a hole-like penetration, the mean size was 0.14 cm(2) (0.02-0.32 cm(2)). For those with a linear penetration, the median size was 0.37 cm (0.10-1.00 cm). Closure of the mucosal penetration using fibrin sealant was performed successfully in all 21 patients (two patients required 5 mL fibrin sealant, and the remaining 19 patients required 2.5 mL). Two patients had a nasogastric tube placed for five days after POEM; the remaining 19 patients were kept fasting for 3 d. All 21 patients were discharged after a median of 5 d (range: 5-7 d) postoperatively. During a median 42 mo (range: 9-62 mo) follow-up, all 21 patients with a mucosal penetration successfully healed without the occurrence of infection, ulcer, or esophagitis. Furthermore

  10. Treatment of 213 Patients with Symptomatic Tarlov Cysts by CT-Guided Percutaneous Injection of Fibrin Sealant.

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    Murphy, K; Oaklander, A L; Elias, G; Kathuria, S; Long, D M

    2016-02-01

    There has been a steady progression of case reports and a small surgical series that report successful surgical treatment of Tarlov cysts with concomitant relief of patients' symptoms and improvement in their neurological dysfunction, yet patients are still told that these lesions are asymptomatic by physicians. The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of intervention in 213 consecutive patients with symptomatic Tarlov cysts treated by CT-guided 2-needle cyst aspiration and fibrin sealing. This study was designed to assess outcomes in patients who underwent CT-guided aspiration and injection of ≥1 sacral Tarlov cyst at Johns Hopkins Hospital between 2003 and 2013. In all, 289 cysts were treated in 213 consecutive patients. All these patients were followed for at least 6 months, 90% were followed for 1 year, and 83% were followed for 3-6 years. The aspiration-injection procedure used 2 needles and was performed with the patients under local anesthesia and intravenous anesthesia. In the fibrin-injection stage of the procedure, a commercially available fibrin sealant was injected into the cyst through the deep needle (Tisseel VH). One year postprocedure, excellent results were obtained in 104 patients (54.2% of patients followed), and good or satisfactory results were obtained in 53 patients (27.6%). Thus, 157 patients (81.8%) in all were initially satisfied with the outcome of treatment. At 3-6 years postprocedure, 74.0% of patients followed were satisfied with treatment. There were no clinically significant complications. The aspiration-injection technique described herein constitutes a safe and efficacious treatment option that holds promise for relieving cyst-related symptoms in many patients with very little risk. © 2016 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  11. Sutureless fixation of amniotic membrane patch as a therapeutic contact lens by using a polymethyl methacrylate ring and fibrin sealant in a rabbit model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bing-Qian; Wang, Zhi-Chong; Liu, Li-Min; Liu, Jing-Bo; Li, Nai-Yang; Wang, Li-Na; Ma, Ping; Jiang, Ru-Zhang; Ge, Jian

    2008-01-01

    To introduce and evaluate a sutureless technique by using a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) ring and fibrin sealant to fix an amniotic membrane (AM) patch on the ocular surface as a therapeutic contact lens in a rabbit model. PMMA rings were fabricated by duplicating an impression of a rabbit conjunctival fornix. The central cornea of the left eye in 16 rabbits was deepithelialized (diameter = 10 mm). A human AM patch was fixed to the ocular surface by using either a PMMA ring and fibrin sealant or interrupted 10-0 nylon sutures. The fibrin sealant was used to create the PMMA ring-AM complex but not to attach the AM/PMMA ring to the ocular surface. The rabbits were followed up with slit-lamp examination and fluorescein staining for 7 days. Reepithelialization and complications were recorded. The corneal epithelial defect was recovered in each rabbit of both groups after 5 days. In the sutureless group, all membranes remained in place and intact during the follow-up period. One eye was noted to have a partial conjunctival epithelial defect caused by exposure to the PMMA ring. In contrast, >50% of rabbits in the interrupted suture group exhibited complications including conjunctival edema, suture loosening, patch detachment, bleeding, and conjunctival epithelial defects. The sutureless technique that uses a PMMA ring and fibrin sealant for AM patch placement has a lower incidence of complications than the interrupted suture method. This sutureless technique may promote increased clinical use of AM patch by alleviating patients' pain and shortening surgical time.

  12. Comparison of the collagen haemostat Sangustop® versus a carrier-bound fibrin sealant during liver resection; ESSCALIVER-Study

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    Hoexter Godehard

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Haemostasis in liver surgery remains a challenge despite improved resection techniques. Oozing from blood vessels too small to be ligated necessitate a treatment with haemostats in order to prevent complications attributed to bleeding. There is good evidence from randomised trials for the efficacy of fibrin sealants, on their own or in combination with a carrier material. A new haemostatic device is Sangustop®. It is a collagen based material without any coagulation factors. Pre-clinical data for Sangustop® showed superior haemostatic effect. This present study aims to show that in the clinical situation Sangustop® is not inferior to a carrier-bound fibrin sealant (Tachosil® as a haemostatic treatment in hepatic resection. Methods/Design This is a multi-centre, patient-blinded, intra-operatively randomised controlled trial. A total of 126 patients planned for an elective liver resection will be enrolled in eight surgical centres. The primary objective of this study is to show the non-inferiority of Sangustop® versus a carrier-bound fibrin sealant (Tachosil® in achieving haemostasis after hepatic resection. The surgical intervention is standardised with regard to devices and techniques used for resection and primary haemostasis. Patients will be followed-up for three months for complications and adverse events. Discussion This randomised controlled trial (ESSCALIVER aims to compare the new collagen haemostat Sangustop® with a carrier-bound fibrin sealant which can be seen as a "gold standard" in hepatic and other visceral organ surgery. If non-inferiority is shown other criteria than the haemostatic efficacy (e.g. costs, adverse events rate may be considered for the choice of the most appropriate treatment. Trial Registration NCT00918619

  13. Synaptic plasticity and sensory-motor improvement following fibrin sealant dorsal root reimplantation and mononuclear cell therapy

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    Suzana Ulian Benitez

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Root lesions may affect both dorsal and ventral roots. However, due to the possibility of generating further inflammation and neuropathic pain, surgical procedures do not prioritize the repair of the afferent component. The loss of such sensorial input directly disturbs the spinal circuits thus affecting the functionality of the injuried limb. The present study evaluated the motor and sensory improvement following dorsal root reimplantation with fibrin sealant (FS plus bone marrow mononuclear cells (MC after dorsal rhizotomy. MC were used to enhance the repair process. We also analyzed changes in the glial response and synaptic circuits within the spinal cord. Female Lewis rats (6-8 weeks old were divided in three groups: rhizotomy (RZ group, rhizotomy repaired with FS (RZ+FS group and rhizotomy repaired with FS and MC (RZ+FS+MC group. The behavioral tests electronic von-Frey and Walking track test were carried out. For immunohistochemistry we used markers to detect different synapse profiles as well as glial reaction. The behavioral results showed a significant decrease in sensory and motor function after lesion. The reimplantation decreased glial reaction and improved synaptic plasticity of afferent inputs. Cell therapy further enhanced the rewiring process. In addition, both reimplanted groups presented twice as much motor control compared to the non-treated group. In conclusion, the reimplantation with FS and MC is efficient and may be considered an approach to improve sensory-motor recovery following dorsal rhizotomy.

  14. [Fibrin glue sealant for management of seminal vesicle-rectal fistula : a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soda, Tetsuji; Kiuchi, Hiroshi; Kakuta, Yoichi; Nakai, Yasutomo; Mizushima, Tsunekazu; Tsujimura, Akira; Nonomura, Norio

    2013-12-01

    A 56- year-old man underwent a laparoscopic low anterior resection for rectal cancer (cT3bN0M0). Postoperatively, he was fairly well and started oral intake on postoperative day (POD) 9. On POD 14, he had an uncomfortable feeling during urination and noticed pneumaturia, and urinalysis revealed hematopyuria. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed air collection in the left seminal vesicle and bladder, and colonoscopy demonstrated a fistula at the anastomotic site. Abdominal CT following the fistulography under colonoscopy demonstrated fistulous communication between the rectum and left seminal vesicle. Under the diagnosis of seminal vesicle-rectal fistula, the patient was successfully treated by filling the fistula with fibrin glue by colonoscopy. No obvious recurrence of the fistula has been observed for 6 months after the treatment.

  15. The awake endoscope-guided sealant technique with fibrin glue in the treatment of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak after extended transsphenoidal surgery: technical note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavallo, Luigi M; Solari, Domenico; Somma, Teresa; Savic, Dragan; Cappabianca, Paolo

    2014-01-01

    The introduction of extended endoscopic endonasal approaches for the management of midline skull base lesions has brought again the focus on the problem of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak management. Notwithstanding the improvements in reconstruction techniques that have reduced the rate of postoperative CSF leakage, no technique has proven to be thoroughly effective. Nine patients complaining of postoperative CSF leaking after extended endoscopic endonasal surgery for different suprasellar lesions were managed without reoperation by means of repeated endoscopic endonasal fibrin glue injections in the sphenoid sinus cavity while they were awake in the outpatient operating room. Only a few patients required light sedation with benzodiazepine. To help the healing process, lumbar CSF diversion was used in four patients who complained of moderate and severe leaks, We achieved an effective and resilient closure of the skull-base defect in all cases who underwent the endoscope-guided fibrin glue injection for the management of postoperative CSF leak after endoscopic endonasal surgery. Of the four patients presenting a "weeping" leak, one patient required a single injection, whereas three required two procedures; no lumbar drainage was used. Two patients with "moderate" leaks received four injections and in both a lumbar drain also was positioned. In the other two patients, three (in this case a lumbar drain was used) and two injections were performed, respectively. We managed the patient with severe leaking by performing an injection five times, and lumbar drainage was placed. No complications related to procedure or to the use of this material were observed (mean follow-up, 26.6 months; range, 5-63). An endoscope-guided sealant technique with fibrin glue used while the patient is awake has proven, in our experience, to be effective in reducing the rate of reoperations in the management of postoperative CSF leaking after endoscopic endonasal approaches for

  16. Surgical treatment of a Morel-Lavallée lesion of the distal thigh with the use of lymphatic mapping and fibrin sealant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Rebecca M; Hart, Andrew M

    2012-11-01

    A Morel-Lavallée lesion can occur after a closed degloving injury. It is a persistent seroma that may be resistant to conservative methods of treatment such as percutaneous drainage and compression therapy. We present a novel, successful method of surgical treatment. A 70 year-old lady developed a 30 × 15 cm rapidly enlarging right medial thigh/knee swelling after being hit by a car. Conservative treatments failed, sarcoma was excluded, and the diagnosis confirmed, by MR imaging and cytology prior to referral. The lesion was excised, and blue dye lymphatic mapping used to identify and ligate feeding lymphatic vessels. The cavity was then closed using fibrin sealant spray and resorbable quilting sutures. A pressure garment was fitted. The wound healed without complication, with no recurrence at six months. The patient returned to normal activities without pressure garments. This method provides a novel, successful approach to the surgical treatment of a chronic Morel-Lavallée lesion. Copyright © 2012 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Using an autologous fibrin sealant in the preventing of cerebrospinal fluid leak with large skull base defect following endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Ali Erdem; Dursun, Engin; Ozdol, Cagatay; Divanlioglu, Denizhan; Nacar, Osman Arikan; Koyun, Oguz Kara; Ilmaz, Adil Ery; Belen, Ahmed Deniz

    2013-01-01

    Postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak following endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery (EETS) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This prospective study is the first evaluation of using autologous fibrin sealant for preventing postoperative CSF leak and related complications. 200 endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approaches were included in the study and reviewed retrospectively from September 2010 to June 2012. A total of 55 patients who have large skull base and diafragma sella defects, connected with basal cisterns or ventricles, were chosen for the study. The patients were operated via extended or classical endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach. The skull base has been repaired using AFS combined with multilayer reconstruction in all cases. The incidence of CSF leak as a complication of EETS was analyzed. The ages of the patients ranged from 20 to 83 years (mean 49.3 years). There were 25 (46%) male patients and 30 (54%) females. All patients had tumors with suprasellar or parasellar extension. Postoperative CSF leak was determined in 2 patients (3.6%). There were no complications and allergic reactions associated with the use of AFS. Using of AFS combined with multilayer reconstruction technique is a safe and effective method to prevent CSF leak in large defects following EETS.

  18. Natural Type II Collagen Hydrogel, Fibrin Sealant, and Adipose-Derived Stem Cells as a Promising Combination for Articular Cartilage Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazarini, Mariana; Bordeaux-Rego, Pedro; Giardini-Rosa, Renata; Duarte, Adriana S S; Baratti, Mariana Ozello; Zorzi, Alessandro Rozim; de Miranda, João Batista; Lenz Cesar, Carlos; Luzo, Ângela; Olalla Saad, Sara Teresinha

    2017-10-01

    Objective Articular cartilage is an avascular tissue with limited ability of self-regeneration and the current clinical treatments have restricted capacity to restore damages induced by trauma or diseases. Therefore, new techniques are being tested for cartilage repair, using scaffolds and/or stem cells. Although type II collagen hydrogel, fibrin sealant, and adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) represent suitable alternatives for cartilage formation, their combination has not yet been investigated in vivo for focal articular cartilage defects. We performed a simple experimental procedure using the combination of these 3 compounds on cartilage lesions of rabbit knees. Design The hydrogel was developed in house and was first tested in vitro for chondrogenic differentiation. Next, implants were performed in chondral defects with or without ASCs and the degree of regeneration was macroscopically and microscopically evaluated. Results Production of proteoglycans and the increased expression of collagen type II (COL2α1), aggrecan (ACAN), and sex-determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9) confirmed the chondrogenic character of ASCs in the hydrogel in vitro. Importantly, the addition of ASC induced a higher overall repair of the chondral lesions and a better cellular organization and collagen fiber alignment compared with the same treatment without ASCs. This regenerating tissue also presented the expression of cartilage glycosaminoglycan and type II collagen. Conclusions Our results indicate that the combination of the 3 compounds is effective for articular cartilage repair and may be of future clinical interest.

  19. A comparison of a cyanoacrylate [corrected] glue (Glubran) vs. fibrin sealant (Tisseel) in experimental models of partial pulmonary resection and lung incision [corrected] in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petter-Puchner, Alexander H; Simunek, Manuela; Redl, Heinz; Puchner, Katrin U; Van Griensven, Martijn

    2010-02-01

    Bronchopleural fistulas (BPF) and air leaks (AL) present major complications after pulmonary resection. Various tissue sealants have been proposed for their prevention, e.g., fibrin sealant (FS) and cyanoacrylate glues (CA). Contrary to the safety record of FS, substantial side effects such as foreign body reaction and impaired tissue integration have been reported for CA. This study compares the sealing efficacy and biocompatibility as well as side effects of FS and CA in experimental partial pulmonary resection and lung incision in rabbits. 26 New Zealand white rabbits (3 kg) were randomized to one of the three groups: partial pulmonary resection (A, acute model; n = 7 FS/ 7CA), lung incision [2 (B; n = 3 FS/ 3 CA)], and 14-day observation period (C; n = 3 FS/ 3 CA). In all groups (A, B, and C), FS was considered as control and CA as treatment. Surgery was carried out in general anaesthesia and mechanical ventilation. For partial lung resection a median thoracotomy was performed and the apex of the left median lobe was resected and the parenchymal surface covered with 0.09 ml of FS and CA. The thoracic cavity was filled with ringer solution after 5 minutes. The inspiratory minute volume (IMV) was increased by 0.02 l after every 4th inspiration. In groups B and C, a left lateral thoracotomy was performed in the 4th intercostal space and the left median lobe was incised with a scalpel. The incision was covered with 0.5 ml of FS or CA. At autopsy (B and C) the operation site was assessed macroscopically. Histology was performed in all animals. In terms of sealing purposes, FS and CA yielded comparable results in all groups. CA elicited a substantial increase of tissue temperature in the acute phase immediately after application (A). After 14 days CA residues were found, whereas FS was completely degraded. Histology showed a pronounced inflammatory response to CA but not to FS. We conclude that although the effect of airtight sealing was equally satisfying, our

  20. Collagen fleece-bound fibrin sealant is not associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic events or major bleeding after its use for haemostasis in surgery: a prospective multicentre surveillance study

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    Günther Klaus

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Topical haemostatic agents are used to help achieve haemostasis during surgery when standard surgical techniques are insufficient. The objective of this study was to confirm the safety profile of an equine collagen patch coated with human fibrinogen and human thrombin with particular focus on the occurrence of thromboembolic events (TEEs, major bleeding and immunological events. Methods This was a non-interventional, multicentre, prospective, surveillance study in which a collagen fleece-bound fibrin sealant was prescribed in accordance with its marketing authorisation. The decision to use the sealant was based solely on current surgical practice. All patients that received the sealant and provided informed consent were included. TEEs (any coagula-based occlusion in a vessel or the heart identified by symptomatic clinical signs and/or verified by paraclinical examination, major bleeding (any bleeding that required intervention, and immunological events (hypersensitivity including anaphylaxis that occurred during surgery, post-operative hospital stay or 6 months of follow-up were reported as adverse events. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients experiencing a confirmed TEE. Results A total of 3098 patients were recruited at 227 centres in 12 European countries. The most frequent types of surgery were hepatic (33%, gastrointestinal (16% and urological (14% and the main indication for surgery was for primary (35% or secondary (20% malignancy. Forty-six patients (1.5%, 95% CI 1.1–2.0% had at least one TEE during the study. The most commonly reported TEEs were pulmonary embolism or post-procedural pulmonary embolism (n = 18 and deep vein thrombosis (n = 9. There were 64 major bleedings in 62 patients and 9 immunological events in 8 patients. Conclusion Collagen fleece-bound fibrin sealant does not appear to be associated with an increased risk of TEEs, major bleeding or immunological events in patients undergoing

  1. A multicentre, prospective, randomized, controlled trial comparing EVARREST™ fibrin sealant patch to standard of care in controlling bleeding following elective hepatectomy: anatomic versus non-anatomic resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koea, Jonathan B; Batiller, Jonathan; Aguirre, Nicolas; Shen, Jessica; Kocharian, Richard; Bochicchio, Grant; Garden, O James

    2016-03-01

    This multicentre, randomized clinical trial assessed the safety and effectiveness of the EVARREST™ Fibrin Sealant Patch (FP) in treating parenchymal bleeding following anatomic and non-anatomic liver resections. One hundred and two patients were stratified according to the type of hepatic resection (anatomic/non-anatomic), and randomized (1:1) after identification of an appropriate bleeding site, to FP vs Standard of Care (SoC, manual compression ± topical haemostat). The primary endpoint was haemostasis at 4 min from bleeding site identification with no re-bleeding requiring re-treatment. The FP was superior in achieving haemostasis at 4 min (96%, 48/50) to SoC (46%, 24/52; p < 0.001). Stratification for resection type showed treatment differences for primary endpoint for anatomic (24/25 FP vs 13/23 SoC; p = 0.001) and non-anatomic liver resections (24/25FP vs 11/29 SoC; p < 0.001). Adverse events related to the study procedure were reported in 40/50 patients (80%) in the FP group and 43/52 patients (83%) in the SoC group. One (2%) adverse event (infected intra-abdominal fluid collection) was possibly related to study treatment. This clinical trial confirms that the FP is safe and highly effective in controlling parenchymal bleeding following hepatectomy regardless of the type of resection. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01993888. Copyright © 2016 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Laparoscopic intraperitoneal mesh fixation with fibrin sealant (Tisseel) vs. titanium tacks: a randomised controlled experimental study in pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksen, J R; Bech, J I; Linnemann, D; Rosenberg, J

    2008-10-01

    The main reason for hospital stay after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) is probably pain, which also causes a lengthening of the patient's time to assume normal daily activities and work. It is likely that titanium tacks may be the main contributing factor to early (and maybe chronic) pain after LVHR. Therefore, non-invasive and patient-friendly mesh fixation methods must be considered. The present study was designed to investigate the technical applicability, safety and effect of Tisseel for intraperitoneal mesh fixation. Nine 40-kg Danish Landrace female pigs had two pieces of MotifMESH and two pieces of Proceed mesh fixed in the intraperitoneal position by a laparoscopic technique. The two pieces of the same mesh were fixed with fibrin glue (Tisseel) and titanium tacks, respectively. All pigs were euthanised on the 30th postoperative day and the mesh-tissue samples were tested for strength of ingrowth (peel test), adhesion formation, mesh shrinkage and examined for histological alterations. No meshes were displaced from their initial position at autopsy, but we observed two cases of mesh folding that could have resulted in hernia recurrence in real patients. There were no significant differences in the strength of ingrowth between different mesh types or fixation methods, measured as peel work per area of mesh (J/m2) and peak force per width of mesh (Nmax/cm). The Proceed mesh shrank by 11% compared to 4% for the MotifMESH mesh (p = 0.002). There was no difference in the grade of adhesions (%) between fixation methods (p = 0.794) or different mesh types (p = 0.296). In the same fashion, there was no difference in the strength of adhesions (grades 0-4) between the two fixation methods or different mesh types (p > 0.5, chi2 test). There was no significant difference in the formation of fibrosis or inflammation between the different meshes or fixation methods. All samples showed significant foreign-body reaction with giant cells. Our results suggest that

  3. FIBRIN GLUE DAN APLIKASINYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agi Harliani S

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Fibrin Tissue Adhesive (FTA, Fibrin Sealant (FS or Fibrin Glue (FG are names given to a group of product that lead to the formation of fibrin clot at the site of application. Fibrin Glue represents a new revolution for local haemostatic, which produced by based on the understanding about blood coagulation process. The mechanism of FG mimics the last stage of blood coagulation process. Haemophilia, is a congenital inherited bleeding disorder, characterized by repeated bleeding episodes. The basic pathology is deficiency of factor VIII (hemophilia A or factor IX (hemophilia B. At bleeding episodes, hemophilia patients need replacement therapy. Hemophilia patients need transfusion of cryoprecipitate, Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP or factor concentrate as replacement therapy. Oral surgery, dental extraction, circumcision, and orthopedic operations are the most important indications for fibrin glue in hemophilia care. As haemostatic local, FG minimizes bleeding, reducing the need of transfusion or factor concentrate, reducing the complication of transfusion, hospitalization and cost.

  4. Novel wound sealants: biomaterials and applications.

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    Peng, Henry T; Shek, Pang N

    2010-09-01

    Wound sealants provide an excellent alternative for closing surgical and non-surgical wounds, as well as stopping external bleeding for prehospital trauma injuries. Numerous biomaterials have been investigated to address specific requirements for their use as suitable wound sealants. This article focuses on the development of new wound sealant biomaterials and recent advances in the surgical applications of wound sealants. In the past 5 years, many new sealant materials had been reported, including keratin, mussel-adhesive proteins, dendrimers and in situ-forming hydrogels. Fibrin sealants remain the most clinically studied for a variety of surgical procedures, while clinical experience with wound sealants for orthopedic surgery is limited. Both liquid and solid wound sealants have been developed and found effective by possessing strong adhesive properties. Biocompatible and biodegradable wound sealants hold much promise in eventually replacing sutures in most surgical procedures.

  5. The effect of fibrin sealant on bioactive glass S53P4 particles – pH impact and dissolution characteristics in vitro

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    Jussi Sarin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Fibrin glue, a two-component tissue adhesive, has a range of clinical indications. Bioactive glass (BG S53P4 has been approved for clinical use in several craniomaxillofacial and orthopedic applications. Although sometimes used simultaneously, there is no data available regarding the possible interaction of these two biocompatible substances. In this in vitro study, using a BG particle concentration of 4 mg/ml, a 0.4 unit pH increment (p < 0.001 was observed in simulated body fluid (SBF after a 7-day incubation period. The addition of fibrin glue (0.13 g, SD 0.04; or 3.7 mg/ml on top of the BG particles raised further the pH by 0.5 units (p < 0.001. The difference between these groups was statistically significant (p = 0.008. With a BG concentration of 25 mg/ml and a fibrin glue concentration of 18 mg/ml during a 14-day incubation period, a pH increment of 0.6 units and SBF ion concentration change of Ca, K, Mg, Na, P and Si ions was seen. Moreover, a penetration depth between 4 and 6 mm was observed when fibrin glue was applied on top of a bed of BG particles. Conclusions: Fibrin glue is not likely to have a distracting effect on BG-induced pH increase of the SBF although it might delay early BG surface reactions based on ion concentration measurements. Fibrin glue penetrated to the interparticle space to some extent, binding the particles together for easy clinical use of BG.

  6. Dental Sealants Prevent Cavities

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... RSS VitalSigns RSS Error processing SSI file Dental Sealants Prevent Cavities Effective protection for children Language: English ( ... Problem About 7 million low-income children need sealants. What are sealants? Sealants are thin coatings painted ...

  7. Fibrin glue: an alternative technique for nerve coaptation--Part II. Nerve regeneration and histomorphometric assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ornelas, Lorraine; Padilla, Luis; Di Silvio, Mauricio; Schalch, Paul; Esperante, Sandro; Infante, Raul López; Bustamante, Juan Carlos; Avalos, Pablo; Varela, Deborah; López, Manuel

    2006-02-01

    The results of nerve repair with fibrin glue and microsuture were evaluated in rat nerve transection models. Ninety Wistar-Furth rat median nerves were exposed, transected, and repaired in an end-to-end fashion with one of four substances/techniques: 1) human fibrin sealant (Quixil); 2) autologous graft and human fibrin sealant (Quixil); 3) bovine fibrin sealant (Tissucol); and 4) nylon microsuture, epineurial technique. Histologic analyses were performed at 3-, 6-, and 9-month postoperative intervals, and factors evaluated included: presence of inflammatory cells (i.e., macrophages and T cells); number of Schwann cells at the repair site; number of blood vessels; fibrosis; axonal regeneration; and fiber alignment. An additional group underwent histologic analysis at 3 weeks following repair with Quixil. Surgical time of repair was also measured. Nerve repairs performed with fibrin sealants produced less inflammatory response and fibrosis, and better axonal regeneration and fiber alignment than nerve repairs performed with microsuture. In addition, the fibrin sealant techniques were quicker and easier to use. The authors conclude that fibrin sealant represents a good alternative technique to microsuture for peripheral-nerve repair.

  8. The potential effect of biological sealants on colorectal anastomosis healing in experimental research involving severe diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stergios, K; Kontzoglou, K; Pergialiotis, V; Korou, L M; Frountzas, M; Lalude, O; Nikiteas, N; Perrea, D N

    2017-03-01

    Colorectal anastomoses continuous to pose a significant challenge in current surgical practice. Anastomotic leakage remains one of the most frequent and dramatic complications of colorectal surgery, even in centres of high specialisation. Diabetes is a well-established independent factor which results in higher anastomotic leakage rates. Fibrin sealants have been applied in experimental and clinical studies for the prevention of anastomotic dehiscence. However, little is known regarding their impact on diabetic patients. Several fibrin sealants have been proposed as adjunct to standard surgical techniques to prevent leakage from colonic anastomoses following the reversal of temporary colostomies, approved for general haemostasis. This review summarises current advances in colorectal anastomoses and provides evidence that may strengthen the need for tissue sealants in colorectal anastomoses of diabetic patients. We searched Medline (1966-2016) and Scopus (2004-2016) for current evidence in the field. To date, there is no evidence to support the use of fibrin sealants as an adjunct in diabetic patients who undergo colorectal surgery. Experimental animal models with extreme diabetes could be of significant use in the present field and further research is needed prior to application of fibrin sealants in a clinical setting.

  9. Effectiveness of a new gelatin sealant system for dural closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawai, Hisashi; Nakagawa, Ichiro; Nishimura, Fumihiko; Motoyama, Yasushi; Park, Young-Su; Nakamura, Mitsutoshi; Nakase, Hiroyuki; Suzuki, Shuko; Ikada, Yoshito

    2014-10-01

    Watertight dural closure is imperative after neurosurgical procedures because inadequately treated leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can have serious consequences. In this study, the authors test the use of a new gelatin glue as a dural sealant in in vitro and in vivo canine models of transdural CSF leakage. The in vitro model was sutured semicircles of canine dura mater and artificial dural substitute. The sutures were sealed with gelatin glue (n  =  20), fibrin glue (n  =  20), or a polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based hydrogel sealant (n  =  20). Each sample was set in a device to measure water pressure, and pressure was increased until leakage occurred. Bonding strength was subjectively evaluated. The in vivo model was dogs who underwent dural excision and received either no sealant (control group; n  =  5) or gelatin glue sealant (n  =  5) before dural closure. Twenty-eight days post-surgery, the maximum intracranial pressure was measured at the cisterna magna using Valsalva maneuver and tissue adhesion was evaluated. The water pressure at which leakage occurred in the in vitro model was higher with gelatin glue (76·5 ± 39·8 mmHg) than with fibrin glue (38·3 ± 27·4 mmHg, P < 0·001) or the PEG-based hydrogel sealant (46·3 ± 20·9 mmHg, P  =  0·007). Bonding strength was higher for the gelatin glue than fibrin glue (P < 0·001) or PEG-based hydrogel sealant (P  =  0·001). The maximum intracranial pressure in the in vivo model was higher for the gelatin glue group (59·0 ± 2·2 mmHg) than the control group (13·8 ± 4·0 mmHg, P < 0·001). Tissue adhesion was lower for the gelatin glue group than the control group (P  =  0·005). The new gelatin glue provides an effective watertight closure when used as an adjunct to sutured dural repair.

  10. Meta-analysis of the use of surgical sealants for suture-hole bleeding in arterial anastomoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, A C; Turley, L P; Cross, K S; McMonagle, M P

    2016-12-01

    Suture-hole bleeding in arterial anastomoses prolongs operating time and increases blood loss, particularly with the use of prosthetic grafts. Surgical sealants (such as fibrin) may be used as haemostatic adjuncts in vascular surgery. This is a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies that investigated the utility of surgical sealants in arterial-to-prosthetic graft anastomoses. A systematic review was undertaken of papers published until January 2015 on Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed, PubMed Central and Cochrane databases that analysed the use of surgical sealants as haemostatic adjuncts after arterial anastomoses. RCTs were included, with study endpoints of time to haemostasis or haemostasis at 5 min. Secondary outcomes included treatment failure, mean difference in estimated blood loss and duration of surgery. Sensitivity and subgroup analyses were performed, as well as funnel plot analysis for publication bias. A total of 2513 citations were reviewed; 19 RCTs comprising 1560 patients were ultimately included in the analysis. The majority of studies compared fibrin sealant with control haemostatic measures. Pooled analysis suggested that surgical sealants reduced the time to haemostasis (mean difference 243·26 (95 per cent c.i. 183·99 to 302·53) s; P sealants appear to reduce suture-hole bleeding significantly in vascular prosthetic graft anastomoses compared with standard haemostatic measures. © 2016 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Albumin removal from human fibrinogen preparations for manufacturing human fibrin-based biomaterials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaibhav Sharma

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Commercially available two component human fibrin sealants are commonly used to manufacture human fibrin-based biomaterials. However, this method is costly and allows little room for further tuning of the biomaterial. Human fibrinogen solutions offer a more cost-effective and versatile alternative to manufacture human fibrin-based biomaterials. Yet, human fibrinogen is highly unstable and contains certain impurities like human albumin. Within the context of biomaterials and tissue engineering we offer a simple yet novel solution based on classical biochemical techniques to significantly reduce albumin in human fibrinogen solutions. This method can be used for various tissue engineering and biomedical applications as an initial step in the manufacturing of human fibrin-based biomaterials to optimise their regenerative application.

  12. Generation of a Fibrin Based Three-Layered Skin Substitute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna Kober

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A variety of skin substitutes that restore epidermal and dermal structures are currently available on the market. However, the main focus in research and clinical application lies on dermal and epidermal substitutes whereas the development of a subcutaneous replacement (hypodermis is often disregarded. In this study we used fibrin sealant as hydrogel scaffold to generate a three-layered skin substitute. For the hypodermal layer adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs and mature adipocytes were embedded in the fibrin hydrogel and were combined with another fibrin clot with fibroblasts for the construction of the dermal layer. Keratinocytes were added on top of the two-layered construct to form the epidermal layer. The three-layered construct was cultivated for up to 3 weeks. Our results show that ASCs and fibroblasts were viable, proliferated normally, and showed physiological morphology in the skin substitute. ASCs were able to differentiate into mature adipocytes during the course of four weeks and showed morphological resemblance to native adipose tissue. On the surface keratinocytes formed an epithelial-like layer. For the first time we were able to generate a three-layered skin substitute based on a fibrin hydrogel not only serving as a dermal and epidermal substitute but also including the hypodermis.

  13. Generation of a Fibrin Based Three-Layered Skin Substitute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kober, Johanna; Gugerell, Alfred; Schmid, Melanie; Kamolz, Lars-Peter; Keck, Maike

    2015-01-01

    A variety of skin substitutes that restore epidermal and dermal structures are currently available on the market. However, the main focus in research and clinical application lies on dermal and epidermal substitutes whereas the development of a subcutaneous replacement (hypodermis) is often disregarded. In this study we used fibrin sealant as hydrogel scaffold to generate a three-layered skin substitute. For the hypodermal layer adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) and mature adipocytes were embedded in the fibrin hydrogel and were combined with another fibrin clot with fibroblasts for the construction of the dermal layer. Keratinocytes were added on top of the two-layered construct to form the epidermal layer. The three-layered construct was cultivated for up to 3 weeks. Our results show that ASCs and fibroblasts were viable, proliferated normally, and showed physiological morphology in the skin substitute. ASCs were able to differentiate into mature adipocytes during the course of four weeks and showed morphological resemblance to native adipose tissue. On the surface keratinocytes formed an epithelial-like layer. For the first time we were able to generate a three-layered skin substitute based on a fibrin hydrogel not only serving as a dermal and epidermal substitute but also including the hypodermis.

  14. Durability of building joint sealants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher C. White; Kar Tean Tan; Donald L. Hunston; R. Sam Williams

    2009-01-01

    Predicting the service life of building joint sealants exposed to service environments in less than real time has been a need of the sealant community for many decades. Despite extensive research efforts to design laboratory accelerated tests to duplicate the failure modes occurring in field exposures, little success has been achieved using conventional durability...

  15. New Joint Sealants. Criteria, Design and Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Building Research Inst., Inc., Washington, DC.

    Contents include--(1) sealing concrete joints, (2) sealing glass and metal joints, (3) metal and glass joint sealants from a fabricator's viewpoint, (4) a theory of adhesion for joint sealants, (5) geometry of simple joint seals under strain, (6) joint sealant specifications from a manufacturer's viewpoint, (7) joint sealant requirements from an…

  16. Multiscale Mechanics of Fibrin Polymer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Andre; Litvinov, Rustem; Discher, Dennis; Purohit, Prashant; Weisel, John

    2009-03-01

    Blood clots and thrombi consist primarily of fibrin, a branched, open mesh of polymeric fibers made of protein monomers, with a remarkable and unexplained extensibility and elasticity. Understanding the origin of fibrin mechanics may ultimately be significant for modulating thrombosis and bleeding. We propose that the unique mechanical properties of fibrin are based on its ability to undergo concerted structural rearrangements at the network, fiber, and molecular levels. Stretching of a whole fibrin clot is followed by clot shrinkage, fiber alignment and bundling, and extension of the constituent fibrin molecules. We develop constitutive models that integrate these quantitative observations and suggest that fibrin extensibility and elasticity are largely manifestations of protein unfolding.

  17. Dental sealants: a public health perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isman, Robert

    2010-10-01

    This article discusses the oral health status of California children, including sealant prevalence, and reasons why sealants are underutilized, including current reimbursement levels. The article also explains similarities and differences between sealant use in private practice versus public health settings, as well as the effectiveness and economic aspects of school-based sealant programs. Finally, the article briefly discusses the advantages of combined topical fluoride and sealant programs in public health settings.

  18. Use of gelatin-thrombin matrix haemostatic sealant in neurosurgery: Anaesthetic implications and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puneet Khanna

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The topical haemostatic agents have been developed to be used as adjunctive measures to promote haemostasis. These include bone wax, absorbable gel sponges, microfibrillar collagen, oxidised regenerated cellulose, gelatin sponges with thrombin, gelatin-thrombin matrix sealant or fibrin sealants. Gelatin-thrombin matrix sealant is a mixture of a bovine-derived gelatin matrix and human-derived thrombin component that are mixed together at the time of use. This agent has been found to be more effective haemostat than thrombin-soaked gelatine sponges. The possible adverse effects of this can be transmission of diseases from human or bovine sources, allergic reactions, thromboembolism, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC, perilesional oedema, and compression of neural tissue. Although it is used routinely in the operating room, there is little literature available on the perioperative implications with use of intraoperative gelatin-thrombin matrix sealant. Here, we present clinical report of 20 neurosurgical patients where the sealant was used and literature in view of current evidence has been reviewed.

  19. Elastic sealants for surgical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annabi, Nasim; Yue, Kan; Tamayol, Ali; Khademhosseini, Ali

    2015-09-01

    Sealants have emerged as promising candidates for replacing sutures and staples to prevent air and liquid leakages during and after the surgeries. Their physical properties and adhesion strength to seal the wound area without limiting the tissue movement and function are key factors in their successful implementation in clinical practice. In this contribution, the advances in the development of elastic sealants formed from synthetic and natural materials are critically reviewed and their shortcomings are pointed out. In addition, we highlight the applications in which elasticity of the sealant is critical and outline the limitations of the currently available sealants. This review will provide insights for the development of novel bioadhesives with advanced functionality for surgical applications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Dental sealants. Who needs them?

    OpenAIRE

    Siegal, M D; Farquhar, C L; Bouchard, J M

    1997-01-01

    Most childhood tooth decay is preventable with a combination of fluoride--which protects the smooth surfaces of a tooth--and dental sealants--which protect tooth surfaces with irregularities called pits and fissures. Sealants are plastic coatings that protect these vulnerable areas, often narrower than a single toothbrush bristle, from decay-causing bacteria and food in the mouth. Yet, 1988-1991 data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey showed that while many children sti...

  1. Flexible polyimide fuel tank sealants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, R.J.; Cassey, H.N.

    1978-01-01

    Requirements for elastomers or compliant polymers used as integral fuel tank sealant materials and as seals in high-performance military aircraft are examined, and a polyimide system with the appropriate properties is described. The system contains methylene dianiline, 4,4'-diaminostilbene, polyethyleneoxide diamine, and bis(4-(3,4-dicarboxyphenoxyl)phenyl) sulfone dianhydride. Development, preparation, and applications of the polyimide sealant are discussed.

  2. Elastic sealants for surgical applications

    OpenAIRE

    Annabi, Nasim; Yue, Kan; Tamayol, Ali; Khademhosseini, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Sealants have emerged as promising candidates for replacing sutures and staples to prevent air and liquid leakages during and after the surgeries. Their physical properties and adhesion strength to seal the wound area without limiting the tissue movement and function are key factors in their successful implementation in clinical practice. In this contribution, the advances in the development of elastic sealants formed from synthetic and natural materials are critically reviewed and their shor...

  3. Dental sealants. Who needs them?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegal, M D; Farquhar, C L; Bouchard, J M

    1997-01-01

    Most childhood tooth decay is preventable with a combination of fluoride--which protects the smooth surfaces of a tooth--and dental sealants--which protect tooth surfaces with irregularities called pits and fissures. Sealants are plastic coatings that protect these vulnerable areas, often narrower than a single toothbrush bristle, from decay-causing bacteria and food in the mouth. Yet, 1988-1991 data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey showed that while many children still had cavities, over 80% of which were related to pits and fissures, relatively few children had sealants applied to permanent teeth. As caries has gone from a ubiquitous disease to one affecting only half of children in early elementary school and two-thirds of those who are 15 years of age, dentists must consider how to best target sealants to individual children who are at greatest risk for new disease. Most sealants are placed in private dental offices, but children at greatest risk for problems resulting from tooth decay are least likely to get private care. State and local health departments, therefore, have gone after hard-to-reach children and adolescents through school-based and school-linked sealant programs, often using portable dental equipment. This article focuses on public health strategies for community-based prevention.

  4. Chemical research projects office fuel tank sealants review. [flight testing of fluorosilicone sealants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosser, R. W.; Parker, J. A.

    1974-01-01

    The status of high-temperature fuel tank sealants for military and potentially commercial supersonic aircraft is examined. The interrelationships of NASA's sealants program comprise synthesis and development of new fluoroether elastomers, sealant prediction studies, flight simulation and actual flight testing of best state-of-the-art fluorosilicone sealants. The technical accomplishments of these projects are reviewed.

  5. Development of the crack sealant adhesion test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    Crack sealants are widely used in Texas to prevent water from entering into lower structural layers thereby : extending pavement life. However, most current crack sealants have been reported to have a very short life mainly due : to adhesive failures...

  6. Fibrin glue in ophthalmology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panda Anita

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Suturing is a time consuming task in ophthalmology and suture induced irritation and redness are frequent problems. Postoperative wound infection and corneal graft rejection are examples of possible suture related complications. To prevent these complications, ophthalmic surgeons are switching to sutureless surgery. A number of recent developments have established tissue adhesives like cyanoacrylate glue and fibrin glue as attractive alternatives to sutures. A possible and promising new application for tissue adhesives is to provide a platform for tissue engineering. Currently, tissue glue is being used for conjunctival closure following pterygium and strabismus surgery, forniceal reconstruction surgery, amniotic membrane transplantation, lamellar corneal grafting, closure of corneal perforations and descematoceles, management of conjunctival wound leaks after trabeculectomy, lid surgery, adnexal surgery and as a hemostat to minimise bleeding. The purpose of this review is to discuss the currently available information on fibrin glue.

  7. Solution blow spun polymer: A novel preclinical surgical sealant for bowel anastomoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern, Nora G; Behrens, Adam M; Srinivasan, Priya; Rossi, Christopher T; Daristotle, John L; Kofinas, Peter; Sandler, Anthony D

    2017-08-01

    Solution blow spinning is a technique for depositing polymer fibers with promising potential use as a surgical sealant. This study assessed the feasibility and efficacy of solution blow spun polymer (BSP) for sealing bowel perforations in a mouse model of partial cecal transection. We then evaluated its use for reinforcing a surgical anastomosis in a preclinical piglet model. Three commercially available surgical sealants (fibrin glue, polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel, and cyanoacrylate) were compared to BSP in the ability to seal partially transected cecum in mice. For anastomosis feasibility testing in a piglet model, piglets were subjected to small bowel transection with sutured anastomosis reinforced with BSP application. Outcome measures included anastomotic burst pressure, anastomotic leak rate, 14-day survival, and complication rate. For the mouse model, the survival rates for the sealants were 30% for fibrin glue, 20% for PEG hydrogel, 78% for cyanoacrylate, and 67% for BSP. Three of 9 mice died after BSP administration because of perforation leak, failure to thrive with partial obstruction at the perforation site, and unknown causes. All other mice died of perforation leak. The mean burst pressure at 24h was significantly higher for BSP (81mm Hg) when compared to fibrin glue (6mm Hg, p=0.047) or PEG hydrogel (10mm Hg, p=0.047), and comparable to cyanoacrylate (64mm Hg, p=0.91). For piglets, 4 of 4 animals survived at 14days. Mean burst pressures at time of surgery were 37±5mm Hg for BSP and 11±9mm Hg for suture-only controls (p=0.09). Solution blow spinning may be an effective technique as an adjunct for sealing of gastrointestinal anastomosis. Further preclinical testing is warranted to better understand BSP properties and alternative surgical applications. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Fibrin clot formation and lysis: basic mechanisms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sidelmann, JJ; Gram, J; Jespersen, J

    2000-01-01

    consequently is an important substrate in the physiology of hemostasis. This review describes the components and processes involved in fibrin formation and fibrin degradation. Particular emphasis is put on the reactions involved in the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin, the polymerization of fibrin molecules...

  9. High-Performance Filleting and Channel Sealants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosser, R. W.; Basiulis, D. I.; Salisbury, D. P.

    1985-01-01

    Filleting and channel sealants developed for sealing cavities in wings and fusealage of aircraft. Both sealants function well at 177 degrees C, as required in current specifications for supersonic aircraft. Sealants have excellent resistance to fuel and other solvents. They stay flexible, resistant to vibrational, thermal, and mechanical stresses, and adhere well to aluminum. Prove useful in industrial applications requiring resistance to solvents at high temperatures.

  10. Dental sealants guidelines development: 2002-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crall, James J; Donly, Kevin J

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to review the chronology of dental sealant guideline developments and changes in recommendations regarding sealant usage by various state, national, and international organizations between 2002 and 2014. More specific objectives include: (1) review and summarize the findings of systematic evidence-based reviews and recommendations regarding the use of pit and fissure sealants published since the 2002 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry Pediatric Restorative Dentistry Consensus Conference; (2) identify consistencies and changes in conclusions or recommendations regarding the use of pit and fissure sealants, and differences in the methods used to develop recommendations/guidelines over time; and (3) describe the purpose and scope of current efforts to update American Dental Association 2008 Evidence-based Clinical Recommendations for the Use of Pit and Fissure Sealants. A summary of recommendations based on experts' synthesis of published evidence and recommendations is included.

  11. Fibrin glue: an alternative technique for nerve coaptation--Part I. Wave amplitude, conduction velocity, and plantar-length factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ornelas, Lorraine; Padilla, Luis; Di Silvio, Mauricio; Schalch, Paul; Esperante, Sandro; Infante, Paul López; Bustamante, Juan Carlos; Avalos, Pablo; Varela, Deborah; López, Manuel

    2006-02-01

    The search for better surgical repair of nerve injuries should be aimed at uncovering alternatives that not only are efficient, but also enhance nerve growth. The purpose of this study was to compare functional nerve responses following repair with either a traditional microsuture technique or Quixil human fibrin sealant. Thirty female Lewis rats received transection of the right sciatic nerve. Nerve repair was achieved with either epineurial microsuture (n = 15) or Quixil fibrin glue (n = 15). Functional results were assessed at 2, 6, and 12 weeks postoperatively with walking-track analysis. Electrophysiologic nerve recordings were also performed 12 weeks postoperatively. Rats receiving Quixil nerve repair returned to baseline performance on the walking-track analysis significantly faster than those with microsuture repairs (6 and 12 weeks postoperatively; p < 0.0001). Recovery of nerve conduction velocities and wave amplitudes was also significantly better in the nerves repaired with Quixil than in those repaired with microsuture (p's < 0.0001). Quixil human fibrin sealant is a good alternative to traditional microsuture nerve repair techniques.

  12. High performance channel injection sealant invention abstract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosser, R. W.; Basiulis, D. I.; Salisbury, D. P. (Inventor)

    1982-01-01

    High performance channel sealant is based on NASA patented cyano and diamidoximine-terminated perfluoroalkylene ether prepolymers that are thermally condensed and cross linked. The sealant contains asbestos and, in its preferred embodiments, Lithofrax, to lower its thermal expansion coefficient and a phenolic metal deactivator. Extensive evaluation shows the sealant is extremely resistant to thermal degradation with an onset point of 280 C. The materials have a volatile content of 0.18%, excellent flexibility, and adherence properties, and fuel resistance. No corrosibility to aluminum or titanium was observed.

  13. Joint sealant materials for concrete pavement repairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    This report on joint sealant materials for concrete pavement repairs is based on conversations with specialists from several states, the Federal Highway Administration, the Portland Cement Association, and the American Concrete Pavement Association, ...

  14. Dental Sealants Prevent Cavities PSA (:60)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-10-18

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the October 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. Dental sealants, applied soon after a child's permanent molars come in, can protect against cavities for up to nine years. Applying sealants in schools for low-income children could save millions in dental treatment costs.  Created: 10/18/2016 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 10/18/2016.

  15. The state-of-the-art of ART sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frencken, Jo E

    2014-03-01

    Sealing caries-prone pits and fissure systems is an effective caries-preventive measure. There are basically two types of sealant materials: glass-ionomer and resin-based materials. Low- and medium-viscosity glass-ionomers were initially used and showed a low level of retention. With the advent of the ART approach in the mid-nineties, high-viscosity glass-ionomers were introduced as sealant material and the retention rate of ART sealants increased substantially. As the effectiveness of a sealant is measured by its capacity to prevent (dentine) carious lesion development, sealant retention is considered a surrogate endpoint. The ART sealant protocol is described. Systematic reviews and meta-analysis covering low- medium- and high-viscosity glass-ionomer (ART) sealants have concluded that there is no evidence that either glass-ionomer or resin-based sealants prevent dentine carious lesions better. The annual dentine carious lesion development in teeth with high-viscosity glass-ionomer ART sealants over the first three years is 1%. These ART sealants have a high capacity of preventing carious lesion development. Because no electricity and running water is required, ART sealants can be placed both inside and outside the dental surgery. High-viscosity glass-ionomer ART sealants can be used alongside resin-based sealants.41:119-124

  16. [Caries prevention effect of resin based sealants and glass ionomor sealants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yijie; Rong, Wensheng; Zhao, Xiulan; Wang, Meng; Jiang, Quanchun; Wang, Weijian

    2014-04-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of resin-based sealants and glass ionomer sealants on caries prevention in the first permanent molars. A randomized controlled, examiner-blinded, 2-year clinical trial with parallel groups was conducted. A total of 419 children (664 first molars) who had at least one sound first permanent molar with deep fissures or fissures with signs of non-cavitated lesions were recruited. They were randomly allocated into three groups.Helioseal F, a light-cured resin-based sealants was used in group R (136 children with 219 first molars). FUJI VII, a light-cured glass ionomer sealants was used in group G (130 children with 218 first molars) and group N (153 children with 227 first molars) was blank control.Follow-up examinations were conducted at 6, 12, and 24 month after sealing to examine the sealants retention and caries incidence. Chi-square test was used to compare the differences of caries incidence among the 3 groups.Generalized estimating equations (GEE) was used to analyze the effective factors of caries incidence. During the 2-year follow-up period, 3.0% (6/197) of the teeth in group R, 6.7% (13/193) of the teeth in group G, and 14.7% (29/197) of the teeth in group N were diagnosed as having developed a cavitated lesion. The difference in the incidence of caries among the three groups was significant(P 0.05). The tooth-level preventive fractions were 79.6% for resin-based sealants and 54.4% for glass ionomer sealants, respectively. Both resin-based sealants and glass ionomer sealants can effectively prevent the incidence of caries in the first permanent molars. The two sealants have similar caries prevention effect.

  17. Strong evidence for the effectiveness of resin based sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deery, Chris

    2013-09-01

    Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, CENTRAL, Medline via OVID, EMBASE via OVID; SCISEARCH, CAplus, INSPEC, NTIS and PASCAL via STN Easy and DARE, NHS EED, HTA (all to September/ November 2012) and ClinicalTrials.gov (to July 2012). There were no restrictions on language or date of publication. Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials of at least 12 months duration comparing no sealant with sealant, or different types of sealants, for preventing caries of occlusal or approximal surfaces of premolar or molar teeth in children and adolescents under 20 years of age. Screening of search results, data extraction and assessment of trial quality (using GRADE methods) were by two reviewers independently. There were 34 trials of children aged five to 16 years, with 12 trials (2575 participants) comparing sealants with no sealant, 21 trials (3202 participants) comparing one sealant with another and one trial (752 participants) comparing two types of sealant with no sealant.Resin sealants compared with no sealants prevented caries in the first permanent molars of children five to 10 years old (six trials at low risk of bias with two years follow up), (odds ratio (OR) 0.12, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.07 to 0.19). At 48 to 54 months follow-up, the caries preventive effect was maintained (OR 0.21, 95% CI 0.16 to 0.28) although there were only four trials (two were at low and two at high risk of bias).No conclusions could be drawn as to whether glass ionomer sealants compared with no sealants prevented caries at 2 year follow-up. The mean difference in DFS was -0.18, 95% CI -0.39 to 0.03.The relative effectiveness of one type of sealant compared to a different type of sealant was inconclusive as there was great variation in comparisons, outcomes, times of outcomes and background fluoride levels in the 21 studies. There was insufficient evidence for the relative superiority of glass ionomer and resin sealants (very low event rate in many of the 15 trials

  18. Fibrinogen and thrombin concentrations are critical for fibrin glue adherence in rat high-risk colon anastomoses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliseo Portilla-de Buen

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Fibrin glues have not been consistently successful in preventing the dehiscence of high-risk colonic anastomoses. Fibrinogen and thrombin concentrations in glues determine their ability to function as sealants, healers, and/or adhesives. The objective of the current study was to compare the effects of different concentrations of fibrinogen and thrombin on bursting pressure, leaks, dehiscence, and morphology of high-risk ischemic colonic anastomoses using fibrin glue in rats. METHODS: Colonic anastomoses in adult female Sprague-Dawley rats (weight, 250-350 g treated with fibrin glue containing different concentrations of fibrinogen and thrombin were evaluated at post-operative day 5. The interventions were low-risk (normal or high-risk (ischemic end-to-end colonic anastomoses using polypropylene sutures and topical application of fibrinogen at high (120 mg/mL or low (40 mg/mL concentrations and thrombin at high (1000 IU/mL or low (500 IU/mL concentrations. RESULTS: Ischemia alone, anastomosis alone, or both together reduced the bursting pressure. Glues containing a low fibrinogen concentration improved this parameter in all cases. High thrombin in combination with low fibrinogen also improved adherence exclusively in low-risk anastomoses. No differences were detected with respect to macroscopic parameters, histopathology, or hydroxyproline content at 5 days post-anastomosis. CONCLUSIONS: Fibrin glue with a low fibrinogen content normalizes the bursting pressure of high-risk ischemic left-colon anastomoses in rats at day 5 after surgery.

  19. HVAC; Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning - Aerosol Duct Sealant

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    Expeditionary Warfare Center. This technology internally seals leaks in air distribution ducts by injecting a fog of aerosolized sealant particles...Duct Sealant The Aeroseal™ duct sealant technology was demonstrated in four buildings at four different Navy facilities around the country...climatic conditions and different air distribution systems types. Data on thermal energy and fan power was collected before and after the duct sealant

  20. Fissure sealants: clinical and economic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burt, B A

    1984-02-01

    Existing data on the economics of sealant use are insufficient to permit firm conclusions; an additional handicap is that both data and attitudes are based principally on results with first-generation sealants when it is clear that greatly improved materials are now available. The limited data plus the preceding discussion of issues, however, do allow the following statements by way of conclusions. In public programs, few would argue that the cost-effectiveness of sealants would be enhanced by: (a) Using trained auxiliaries to apply sealant to the fullest extent allowed by law. (b) Applying the most recently developed sealants in which retention rates appear to be most favorable. (c) Their application in areas where proximal caries is low. This means many communities in the United States at present, especially fluoridated areas. Although marginal benefits have not been determined, sealants would appear to complement the use of fluoride. There is less clarity on other areas where some tradeoffs would be required, for the nature of the tradeoffs cannot be specified. These areas include: (d) Whether the program should be based on a single application or whether there should be annual checks and reapplications. Reapplications will push effectiveness closer to 100 percent, but will incur greater costs. The ideal situation would be virtual 100 percent retention of sealant over a long time following a single application, but that outcome is unlikely in a public program. (e) Whether all molars and premolars should be sealed. There is general agreement that first and second molars should be sealed as soon as possible after eruption because of their susceptibility to occlusal caries.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  1. Retention of a resin-based sealant and a glass ionomer used as a fissure sealant: A comparative clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subramaniam P

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Sealing occlusal pits and fissures with resin-based sealants is a proven method of preventing occlusal caries. Retention of the sealant is very essential for its efficiency. This study evaluated the retention of glass ionomer used as a fissure sealant when compared to a self-cure resin-based sealant. One hundred and seven children between the ages of 6-9 years, with all four newly erupted permanent first molars were selected. Two permanent first molars on one side of the mouth were sealed with Delton, a resin-based sealant, and the contralateral two permanent first molars were sealed with Fuji VII glass ionomer cement. Evaluation of sealant retention was performed at regular intervals over 12 months, using Simonsen′s criteria. At the end of the study period, the retention of the resin sealant was seen to be superior to that of the glass ionomer sealant.

  2. Retention Rate of Four Different Sealant Materials after Four Years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, W.; Chen, X.; Fan, M.; Mulder, J.; Frencken, J.E.F.M.

    2017-01-01

    PURPOSE: To test the hypotheses: 1) cumulative survival rates of fully and partially retained high-viscosity glass-ionomer (HVGIC) ART sealants with heat application and glass-carbomer sealants on occlusal and free-smooth surfaces are both higher than that of resin sealants; 2) cumulative survival

  3. A comparative study of fluoride release from two different sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ananda, Shimoga-Raju; Mythri, Halappa

    2014-12-01

    The introduction of fluoride releasing sealants and glass ionomer cements as fissure sealants adds another dimension to prevention of pit and fissure caries. The ability of resin sealants and glass ionomer cements to release fluoride on a long term basis to the sealed enamel and the adjacent unsealed pit and fissure and cuspal incline enamel may allow for further reduction in pit and fissure caries experience for children. Hence, the study was conducted to compare the amount of fluoride release in the plaque after placing fluoride releasing pit and fissure sealants and glass ionomer fissure sealants used in Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) approach. To compare the fluoride release of both the materials at the different time intervals. A total of 60 school going children were included in this study. Before application of the sealants, baseline plaque fluoride levels were estimated from all the study subjects. After application of sealants again the same was estimated at an interval of 24 hour, 9 days, 2 weeks and 4 weeks. The peak plaque fluoride levels were achieved at 24 hours after application of fissure sealants in all the groups. Within the limitation of the study, the present study indicated that fluoride releasing fissure sealants may act as a source of fluoride in plaque which will help in preventing pit and fissure and smooth surface caries in the tooth sealed with fissure sealants. Key words:Plaque fluoride, pit and fissures sealants, dental caries.

  4. High-Pressure Fibrin Sealant Foam: An Effective Hemostatic Agent for Treating Severe Parenchymal Hemorrhage

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    32.00 © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of...laparoscopic surgeries if the safety and technical difficulties of the application can be over- come. The wide area application of FSF in the...Holle J, Moritz E, et al. Experimentelle untersu- chungen und erste klinische erfahrungen uber die lokale blut- stillung mittels hochkonzentriertem

  5. The Potential Utility of Fibrin Sealant Dressing in Repair of Vascular Injury in Swine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-12

    were examined by independent pathologist. No evidence of tissue abnormality (necrosis or scar tissue) or micro thrombi formation was found...postinfarction epicardial tear. Other TC case studies, however, reported suc- cessful use of TC for sutureless repair of a postinfarction cardiac rupture.30–32 TC

  6. Comparison of Combat Gauze with Fibrin Sealant Patch in Hemorrhage Control after Vascular or Hepatic Trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-01

    Pritts May 2017 Air Force Research Laboratory 711th Human Performance Wing U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Aeromedical...standard of Combat Gauze (CG) in an established junctional hemorrhage model. Yorkshire pigs (n=15) were placed under general anesthesia and underwent...arterial and venous line placement followed by right femoral vessel exposure. Four pigs were used as controls and underwent line placement and groin

  7. Economic evaluation of dental sealants: A systematic literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akinlotan, Marvellous; Chen, Bradley; Fontanilla, Tiana M; Chen, Annie; Fan, Victoria Y

    2017-09-06

    To systematically review the literature on economic evaluations of dental sealants and examine the costs and effectiveness of caries prevention using sealants. Of 21 full-text articles examined, a total of 13 were included in this study. These studies are grouped by the type of intervention as follows: (i) sealants compared with no sealants; (ii) sealants compared with other forms of caries prevention; (iii) resin-based sealants compared with glass-ionomer sealants; (iv) different sealing strategies in primary teeth; (v) different sealing strategies in permanent teeth; and (vi) sealants based on school- or clinic-based setting of delivery. All currency is reported in constant 2010 US$. Cost-effectiveness analyses differed due to varying study designs, assumptions, sealant delivery settings, outcomes, caries risk assessment and study durations. Findings varied on the cost-effectiveness of sealants compared with other caries-preventive strategies. Under the assumption of equal caries risk, always sealing primary molars appeared to be the most effective strategy, whereas risk-based sealing was the optimal strategy with differing caries risk. Studies that assessed sealing strategies in permanent teeth reported that risk-based sealing was more cost-effective than not sealing, but they differed on the cost-effectiveness of risk-based seal compared with non-risk-based seal. Sealants delivered in school settings had mixed results on costs but were as equally effective as sealants delivered in private practices. The cost-effectiveness of sealants is dependent on the conditions of delivery. The list of cost-effectiveness ratios for each intervention can support policy makers to estimate expected returns on their investments in dental sealants. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Comparative study of resin sealant and resin modified glass ionomer as pit and fissure sealant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirin Malek

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to compare the marginal integrity of resin modified glass ionomer cement with that of resin sealant, in vitro. Forty artificial pit and fissure cavities were prepared in occlusal surface of extracted premolar teeth by using ¼ round carbide bur. Cavities were condensed with artificial organic debris followed by cleaning with prophylaxis pumice brush and paste and then separated into two treatment groups. In Group A, 15 fissure cavities were sealed by resin sealant and in Group B, 15 fissure cavities were sealed by resin modified glass ionomer sealant. These specimens were subjected to thermo-cycling followed by dye penetration test. The remaining 5 cavities from each group were analyzed for debris score by the SEM. The results of the microleakage test showed that the efficacy of preventing microleakage of samples sealed by resin modified glass ionomer sealant was higher than the samples sealed by resin sealant. However, no significant differences were found. It can be concluded that use of resin modified glass ionomer sealant is a good alternative for sealing pits and fissures.

  9. Acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, João Rocha; Marques, Ricardo; Serra, Paula; Cardoso, Leila

    2017-09-07

    Acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia (AFOP) is a rare histological pattern of interstitial lung disease. The authors describe a 60-year-old woman admitted to the hospital for sustained fever, presenting with an alveolar opacity on chest X-ray, with the presumed diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia and the onset of antibiotics. Since serological results suggested that Legionella pneumophila was the infectious agent, she was discharged on levofloxacin. A week later, she was again admitted with fever. CT scan showed opacities with crescentic morphology and a central ground-glass area suggestive of cryptogenic organising pneumonia. Microbiological, serological and autoimmunity tests were negative. She underwent surgical lung biopsy that revealed inflammatory infiltrate, macrophage desquamation, fibroblasts proliferation and fibrin deposition in the alveolar spaces, consistent with AFOP. She started corticotherapy with good response. Disease relapsed after prednisolone discontinuation, 10 months later. Currently, the patient is on prednisolone 5 mg/day without clinical and radiological recurrence. © BMJ Publishing Group Ltd (unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  10. Surface antibacterial properties of fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matalon, Shlomo; Slutzky, Hagay; Mazor, Yardena; Weiss, Ervin I

    2003-01-01

    Sealants form a physical barrier between the oral environment and deep fissures that contribute to caries prevention. It is postulated that sealants possessing antibacterial properties are advantageous. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial properties of four pit and fissure sealants using direct contact test (DCT) and agar diffusion test (ADT). For the DCT, 8 samples of Helioseal F (Vivadent), Ultraseal XT (Ultadent-Weldent), Conseal F (SDI), and Dyract Seal (Dentsply) were placed on the sidewalls of wells of a 96-microtiter plate. After polymerization, freshly grown Streptococcus mutans cells (circa 1 x 10(6)) were placed on the surface of each sample for 1 hour at 37 degrees C. Fresh media was then added to each well and bacterial growth was followed for 16 hours by temperature-controlled spectrophotometer. Similarly prepared samples were aged in phosphate buffered saline for 14 and 30 days and the DCT was repeated. The ADT was performed by placing samples in uniform wells punched in agar plates. Freshly polymerized samples in the DCT, Dyract Seal and Ultraseal XT possessed prominent antibacterial properties. Dyract Seal also demonstrated the most potent antibacterial properties, which lasted 14 days but faded within 30 days. In ADT, the halo in the bacterial lawn was measured after 48 hours, and only Dyract Seal demonstrated an inhibition zone. The compomer-based sealant Dyract Seal possessed the most potent and longest lasting antibacterial activity.

  11. Pit and fissure sealants or fluoride varnishes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paglia, L

    2016-09-01

    Despite the general advances in dental care, dental caries is still a global health problem affecting many children. Occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars are the most susceptible sites in the developing permanent dentition. Dentists should use sealants or fluoride varnish - as well as other means - to limit the onset of tooth decay. Application of sealants is a recommended procedure to prevent or control caries. Sealing occlusal surfaces of newly erupted permanent molars in children and teenagers delays caries onset up to 48 months compared with unsealed teeth. However longer follow-ups shows a reduction of the preventive effect [Tikhonova et al., 2015]. A review of 2013 pointed out how sealants are effective in high risk children, however information about the benefits of sealing in other conditions is still scant [Ahovuo-Saloranta et al., 2013]. Fluoride varnishes are frequently used to prevent early childhood caries and reduce caries increment in very young children [Weintraub et al., 2006] and in the most vulnerable populations, where the prevalence of caries is higher and specialist visits are occasional [Chu et al., 2010]. Many studies have reported the effectiveness of different types and forms of fluoride agents in preventing dental caries among children and adolescents [Divaris et al., 2013]. A review clarifies that professional application of a 5% sodium fluoride varnish leads to remineralisation of early enamel caries in children. Solutions of 38% silver diamine fluoride are effective in arresting active dentine caries [Gao et al., 2016]. The last systematic review [Ahovuo-Saloranta et al., 2016], comparing pit and fissure sealants with fluoride varnishes explains that the pooled estimate slightly favours resin sealants over fluoride varnishes at two years. At four and nine years, the only comparative study (with high drop-out rates) found more caries on fluoride-varnished occlusal surfaces than on resin-sealed surfaces. There is evidence

  12. A review of fibrin and fibrin composites for bone tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noori, Alireza; Ashrafi, Seyed Jamal; Vaez-Ghaemi, Roza; Hatamian-Zaremi, Ashraf; Webster, Thomas J

    2017-01-01

    Tissue engineering has emerged as a new treatment approach for bone repair and regeneration seeking to address limitations associated with current therapies, such as autologous bone grafting. While many bone tissue engineering approaches have traditionally focused on synthetic materials (such as polymers or hydrogels), there has been a lot of excitement surrounding the use of natural materials due to their biologically inspired properties. Fibrin is a natural scaffold formed following tissue injury that initiates hemostasis and provides the initial matrix useful for cell adhesion, migration, proliferation, and differentiation. Fibrin has captured the interest of bone tissue engineers due to its excellent biocompatibility, controllable biodegradability, and ability to deliver cells and biomolecules. Fibrin is particularly appealing because its precursors, fibrinogen, and thrombin, which can be derived from the patient's own blood, enable the fabrication of completely autologous scaffolds. In this article, we highlight the unique properties of fibrin as a scaffolding material to treat bone defects. Moreover, we emphasize its role in bone tissue engineering nanocomposites where approaches further emulate the natural nanostructured features of bone when using fibrin and other nanomaterials. We also review the preparation methods of fibrin glue and then discuss a wide range of fibrin applications in bone tissue engineering. These include the delivery of cells and/or biomolecules to a defect site, distributing cells, and/or growth factors throughout other pre-formed scaffolds and enhancing the physical as well as biological properties of other biomaterials. Thoughts on the future direction of fibrin research for bone tissue engineering are also presented. In the future, the development of fibrin precursors as recombinant proteins will solve problems associated with using multiple or single-donor fibrin glue, and the combination of nanomaterials that allow for the

  13. Fissure sealants: Knowledge and practice of Yemeni dental practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Maweri, Sadeq Ali; Al-Jamaei, Aisha Ahmed; Halboub, Esam Saleh; Al-Soneidar, Walid Ahmed; Tarakji, Bassel; Alsalhani, Anas

    2016-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate Yemeni dental practitioners' knowledge and practices concerning fissure sealants. A modified questionnaire consisted of 25-items was distributed to 500 dentists working in Sana'a City. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square/Fisher's exact tests were used for statistical analyses. The response rate was 74%. Most of the respondents were male (61.3%), general practitioners (84.2%), and had sealants, with the majority (88%) believed that there is strong scientific evidence about fissure sealants effectiveness and around 90% showed a good understanding of sealant placement instructions. On the other hand, respondents showed insufficient knowledge about sealants clinical practice. Although a high proportion of dental practitioners showed adequate knowledge about dental sealant, following guidelines and standardized procedures in clinical practice is lacking. These emphasize the need for regular continuing education courses for dental professional.

  14. A comparative study of fluoride release from two different sealants

    OpenAIRE

    Ananda, SR.; H Mythri

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The introduction of fluoride releasing sealants and glass ionomer cements as fissure sealants adds another dimension to prevention of pit and fissure caries. The ability of resin sealants and glass ionomer cements to release fluoride on a long term basis to the sealed enamel and the adjacent unsealed pit and fissure and cuspal in - cline enamel may allow for further reduction in pit and fissure caries experience for children. Hence, the study was conducted to compar...

  15. A comparative study of fluoride release from two different sealants

    OpenAIRE

    Ananda, Shimoga-Raju; Mythri, Halappa

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The introduction of fluoride releasing sealants and glass ionomer cements as fissure sealants adds another dimension to prevention of pit and fissure caries. The ability of resin sealants and glass ionomer cements to release fluoride on a long term basis to the sealed enamel and the adjacent unsealed pit and fissure and cuspal incline enamel may allow for further reduction in pit and fissure caries experience for children. Hence, the study was conducted to compare the amount of fl...

  16. Water sorption, solubility and surface roughness of resin surface sealants

    OpenAIRE

    Biazuz,Jaqueline; Zardo,Patrícia; Rodrigues-Junior,Sinval Adalberto

    2015-01-01

    Surface sealants have been suggested as final glaze of the surface of composite restorations. However, little is known about bulk and surface properties of these materials aiming the long-term preservation of the surface integrity of these restorations. AIM: To evaluate the water sorption, solubility and surface roughness of commercial surface sealants for restorations. METHODS: Five disc-shaped specimens 15 mm diameter X 1 mm high were made from the surface sealants Natural Glaze DFL and Per...

  17. Structural Hierarchy Governs Fibrin Gel Mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piechocka, Izabela K.; Bacabac, Rommel G.; Potters, Max; MacKintosh, Fred C.; Koenderink, Gijsje H.

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Fibrin gels are responsible for the mechanical strength of blood clots, which are among the most resilient protein materials in nature. Here we investigate the physical origin of this mechanical behavior by performing rheology measurements on reconstituted fibrin gels. We find that increasing levels of shear strain induce a succession of distinct elastic responses that reflect stretching processes on different length scales. We present a theoretical model that explains these observations in terms of the unique hierarchical architecture of the fibers. The fibers are bundles of semiflexible protofibrils that are loosely connected by flexible linker chains. This architecture makes the fibers 100-fold more flexible to bending than anticipated based on their large diameter. Moreover, in contrast with other biopolymers, fibrin fibers intrinsically stiffen when stretched. The resulting hierarchy of elastic regimes explains the incredible resilience of fibrin clots against large deformations. PMID:20483337

  18. Moisture-tolerant resin-based sealant: A boon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasanna Kumar Bhat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Pit and fissure sealants are highly effective in preventing occlusal caries. The present study clinically evaluated and compared the retention and development of caries when sealed with moisture-tolerant resin-based sealant, conventional resin-based sealant with and without a bonding agent, and Glass Ionomer Cement Sealant in young permanent teeth. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 healthy cooperative children aged 6-9 years who were at high caries risk with all four newly erupted permanent first molars were included in the study. Teeth were divided into 4 groups using a full-factorial design, and each of the molars was sealed with the four different sealant material. Evaluation of sealant retention and development of caries was performed at 6 and 12 months using Modified Simonsen′s criteria. The data obtained were tabulated and subjected to statistical analysis using Kruskal-Wallis Test and Mann-Whitney Test. Result and Conclusion: The result from the present study indicated that moisture-tolerant resin-based sealant could be successfully used as a pit and fissure sealant because its hydrophilic chemistry makes it less technique sensitive and simplifies the sealant application procedure.

  19. Review of 1000 fibrin glue mesh fixation during endoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berney, Christophe R; Descallar, Joseph

    2016-10-01

    Chronic pain is a common complication arising after conventional open herniorrhaphy and to a lesser extent postlaparoscopic inguinal hernia repairs as groin incision is avoided. Although published studies support elimination of mesh fixation during endoscopic procedures, the vast majority of surgeons will still recommend it by fear of encountering increased recurrence rates, if omitted. Regrettably, penetrating staple or tack fixation devices are the preferred methods to secure the mesh and cannot be applied at the level of the triangles of 'doom' and 'pain' where hernia tends to reoccur the most. This ongoing prospective cohort study aimed to confirm the safety and advantages of fibrin glue, as a substitute to staple mesh fixation during totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair. Over a 10-year period, 703 patients underwent 1000 elective TEP inguinal hernia repairs. Mesh fixation was achieved using exclusively fibrin sealant. Patients were reviewed at 2, 6 weeks and thereafter on an ad hoc basis if judged necessary until complete resolution of their symptoms. Quality of life (QoL) was assessed in a subgroup of 320 patients using the Carolina Comfort Scale (CCS). No conversion to open surgery was observed. There were three cases of major morbidities and no mortality. Three months after surgery, only seven patients (1 %) experienced chronic groin or testicular discomfort and none of them required prescription painkillers. When using the CCS, at 2 weeks 93.1 % of the patients were either satisfied or very satisfied with their outcome. This satisfaction index increased up to 99.2 % at 6 weeks post surgery. Finally, only eight hernia recurrences (1.1 %) were reported, of which five occurred during the first month of the study. Fibrin glue mesh fixation of inguinal hernia during TEP repair is extremely safe and reliable, with a very high satisfaction index for the patients and limited risk of developing chronic pain.

  20. Cryogenic adhesives and sealants: Abstracted publications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, F. R.; Olien, N. A.

    1977-01-01

    Abstracts of primary documents containing original experimental data on the properties of adhesives and sealants at cryogenic temperatures are presented. The most important references mentioned in each document are cited. In addition, a brief annotation is given for documents considered secondary in nature, such as republications or variations of original reports, progress reports leading to final reports included as primary documents, and experimental data on adhesive properties at temperatures between about 130 K and room temperature.

  1. Thermally resistant polymers for fuel tank sealants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, J. A.

    1973-01-01

    Imide-linked perfluoroalkylene ether polymers, that were developed for the high temperature fuel tank sealant application, are discussed. Modifications of polymer structure and properties were realized through use of a new aromatic dianhydride intermediate containing an ether-linked perfluoroalkylene segment. Tests of thermal, oxidative and hydrolytic stability, fuel resistance, and adhesion are discussed along with tensile strength and elongation results. Efforts to effect a low temperature condensation of amic acid prepolymer to form imide links inside are described.

  2. Viscous Glass Sealants for SOFC Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scott Misture

    2012-09-30

    Two series of silicate glasses that contain gallium as the primary critical component have been identified and optimized for viscous sealing of solid oxide fuel cells operating from 650 to 850°C. Both series of glass sealants crystallize partially upon heat treatment and yield multiphase microstructures that allow viscous flow at temperatures as low as 650°C. A fully amorphous sealant was also developed by isolating, synthesizing and testing a silicate glass of the same composition as the remnant glassy phase in one of the two glass series. Of ~40 glasses tested for longer than 500 hours, a set of 5 glasses has been further tested for up to 1000h in air, wet hydrogen, and against both yttria-stabilized zirconia and aluminized stainless steel. In some cases the testing times reached 2000h. The reactivity testing has provided new insight into the effects of Y, Zr, and Al on bulk and surface crystallization in boro-gallio-silicate glasses, and demonstrated that at least 5 of the newly-developed glasses are viable viscous sealants.

  3. Fluoride release and uptake abilities of different fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poggio, Claudio; Andenna, Gianluigi; Ceci, Matteo; Beltrami, Riccardo; Colombo, Marco; Cucca, Lucia

    2016-07-01

    The long-term capability of resin sealants and glass ionomer cements to release fluoride is associated to a reduction in pit and fissure caries. The regular use of fluoride varnishes/toothpastes can result in the absorption of fluoride into the sealant. The objective of the present study was to assess the fluoride release/uptake capacities of different fissure sealants. Three different fissure sealants (Fuji Triage/GC, Fissurit FX/Voco and Grandio Seal/Voco) were examined. Ten discs of each material were prepared. Each disc was incubated with distilled water and then the solution analyzed for diluted for fluoride concentration, using a combination of fluoride electrode (OrionGP 1 S/N 13824, Orion Research Inc, Boston, MA, USA) connected to an expandable ion analyzer (Orion 720A, Orion Research Inc, Boston, MA, USA). Standard curves between 1 and 100 ppm F- were used to calibrate the electrode. Cumulative fluoride release was measured on days 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 21, 35 and 49, then two different fluoride varnishes/pastes (Profluorid Varnish/Voco, MI Paste Plus/GC), were applied to the sealants tested, and fluoride release (after reuptake) was measured on days 56, 70 and 84. Kruskal Wallis test confirmed significant differences in fluoride release between Fuji Triage/GC and Fissurit FX/Voco and Grandio Seal/Voco from day 1 (P sealants (P sealants except for Fuji Triage/GC (P > 0.05). The GIC-based sealant (Fuji Triage/GC) released significantly more fluoride than the resin sealants tested. The exposure to the fluoridated varnish (Profluorid Varnish) significantly recharged the sealants tested more than the CPP-ACPF toothpaste (MI Paste Plus). Fissure sealants, fluoride release, fluoride uptake, glass ionomer cements.

  4. Pathologic evaluation of hemostatic agents in percutaneous nephrolithotomy tracts in a porcine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipkin, Michael E; Mancini, John G; Simmons, W Neal; Raymundo, Maria E; Yong, Daniel Z; Wang, Agnes J; Ferrandino, Michael N; Albala, David M; Preminger, Glenn M

    2011-08-01

    Hemostatic agents have been suggested as an adjunct for tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). We pathologically evaluated the percutaneous tracts injected with the fibrin sealant (FS) Evicel and hemostatic gelatin matrix (HGM) Surgiflo at various time intervals to determine their absorption and tract closure rates. We also evaluated whether these agents reduced urine leak rates in a porcine model. Percutaneous access was obtained in 19 kidneys in 10 domestic swine. The tracts were dilated to 30F using a balloon dilating catheter. Ten kidneys served as controls. Surgiflo was injected into the tract of four kidneys, and Evicel was injected into the tract of five kidneys. Intravenous urography (IVU) was performed on postoperative days (POD) 1 and 10 to 14. IVU was performed on two pigs at POD 30. The pigs were sacrificed and kidneys were harvested for pathologic evaluation. Two (20%) control kidneys had a urine leak on IVU on POD 1. None of the kidneys treated with HGM or FS had a urine leak on POD 1. None of the kidneys had a leak on POD 10 to 14 or POD 30. On pathologic inspection, the tracts of all the control kidneys and HGM kidneys had closed completely at POD 14. Two kidneys treated with FS had fistula at POD 6 and POD 14. At POD 30, the tracts in the control kidneys and kidney treated with HGM had completely healed. Fibrin sealant remained in the tract at POD 30. Fibrin sealant should be used with caution because it can persist in the tract for up to 30 days and may inhibit wound healing. Hemostatic gelatin matrix is the preferable agent because the tract closed by POD 10 to 14, similar to the findings in the control animals. The use of hemostatic agents in a nephroscopy tract may reduce the risk of early urine leak after tubeless PCNL.

  5. Stretching single fibrin fibers hampers their lysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wei; Lucioni, Tomas; Li, Rongzhong; Bonin, Keith; Cho, Samuel S; Guthold, Martin

    2017-09-15

    Blood clots, whose main structural component is a mesh of microscopic fibrin fibers, experience mechanical strain from blood flow, clot retraction and interactions with platelets and other cells. We developed a transparent, striated and highly stretchable substrate made from fugitive glue (a styrenic block copolymer) to investigate how mechanical strain affects lysis of single, suspended fibrin fibers. In this suspended fiber assay, lysis manifested itself by fiber elongation, thickening (disassembly), fraying and collapse. Stretching single fibrin fibers significantly hampered their lysis. This effect was seen in uncrosslinked and crosslinked fibers. Crosslinking (without stretching) also hampered single fiber lysis. Our data suggest that strain is a novel mechanosensitive factor that regulates blood clot dissolution (fibrinolysis) at the single fiber level. At the molecular level of single fibrin molecules, strain may distort, or hinder access to, plasmin cleavage sites and thereby hamper lysis. Fibrin fibers are the major structural component of a blood clot. We developed a highly stretchable substrate made from fugitive glue and a suspended fibrin fiber lysis assay to investigate the effect of stretching on single fibrin fibers lysis. The key findings from our experiments are: 1) Fibers thicken and elongate upon lysis; 2) stretching strongly reduces lysis; 3) this effect is more pronounced for uncrosslinked fibers; and 4) stretching fibers has a similar effect on reducing lysis as crosslinking fibers. At the molecular level, strain may distort plasmin cleavage sites, or restrict access to those sites. Our results suggest that strain may be a novel mechanobiological factor that regulates fibrinolysis. Copyright © 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Evaluation of a sealant intervention program among Taiwanese aboriginal schoolchildren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui-Ju Hsieh

    2014-06-01

    Conclusion: The application of pit-and-fissure sealants was 94.54% effective in preventing caries on newly erupted permanent molars among Taiwanese aboriginal schoolchildren. Complete sealant failure demonstrated a high risk for caries, and such teeth should immediately be resealed.

  7. Evolution of fibrin glue applicators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marx, Gerard

    2003-10-01

    Fibrin glue (FG) is used worldwide as a potent surgical tool, which establishes hemostasis in wounds and also bonds tissue. The standard FG applicator is based on a dual-syringe system. This review, based mainly on the patent literature, describes the development of the quasi-standard dual syringe system as well as the rise of other FG applicator designs based on mechanical force (ratchet systems), Bernoulli gas flow, positive gas pressure, or electro-servo devices. The packaging of commercial FG components is reviewed within the context of "loading" the FG applicators and the need to minimize the number of needles required to access the packaged (vials) components. Parameters such as internal clogging, homogeneity of spray, the requirement for gas or vacuum house lines, the number of parts that must be handled, and the time required to assemble the applicator, load it, and have it ready for use are also discussed. A rating system is proposed that permits one to use such parameters to rank the various applicator designs, relative to the dual-syringe system. Hopefully, this review will stimulate the design of better FG applicators and packaging required for elective surgery, emergency treatments, and tissue engineering in the 21st century.

  8. Sealants for preventing dental decay in the permanent teeth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahovuo-Saloranta, Anneli; Forss, Helena; Walsh, Tanya

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Dental sealants were introduced in the 1960s to help prevent dental caries in the pits and fissures of mainly the occlusal tooth surfaces. Sealants act to prevent the growth of bacteria that can lead to dental decay. There is evidence to suggest that fissure sealants are effective......-Balagtas odds ratio was used. For mean caries increment we used the mean difference. All measures are presented with 95% confidence intervals (CI). The quality of the evidence was assessed using GRADE methods. We conducted the meta-analyses using a random-effects model for those comparisons where there were...... more than three trials in the same comparison, otherwise the fixed-effect model was used. MAIN RESULTS: Thirty-four trials are included in the review. Twelve trials evaluated the effects of sealant compared with no sealant (2575 participants) (one of those 12 trials stated only number of tooth pairs...

  9. Effect of Heat Treatment on Properties of Glass Nanocomposite Sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dong Bok; Ha, Su-Jeong; Jang, Dong-Hoon; Park, Sung; Bae, Joongmyeon; Lee, Jae Chun

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of heat treatments on the viscosities and electrical conductivities of glass sealants to be used in solid oxide fuel cells. Glass-based sealants, both with and without an alumina nanopowder added as a nanofiller, were heat treated at temperatures ranging from 750 degrees C to 770 degrees C for periods of up to 240 h. The effects of heat treatments on the viscosities, electrical conductivities and phase transformations of the sealants were investigated. The results showed that alumina nanopowder added to the glass increased both high-temperature electrical conductivities and the viscosities of the sintered glass nanocomposite sealants. However, lengthy heat treatments decreased the electrical conductivities of the glass nanocomposite sealants. This decrease in the conductivities of the heat-treated glass nanocomposites was attributed to the crystallization of glass phase, owing to the dissolution of the alumina nanofiller in the sealing glass.

  10. The Maine Sealant Manual for School-Based and School-Linked Dental Sealant Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayward, Kneka, Ed.

    This manual is designed for use by school personnel and dental personnel to aid in the development and maintenance of school-based or school-linked dental sealant programs. The sections include (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Guidelines" (school selection, school contacts, dental providers, target grades, and tooth selection…

  11. A comparison of enameloplasty sealant technique and conventional sealant technique: An in-vivo study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balaprasannakumar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of the study is to compare two different methods: Enameloplasty sealant technique (EST and conventional sealant technique (CST in terms of the presence or loss of sealant and the presence or absence of caries after 6, 12, and 18 months. Materials and Methods: A total of 15 children in the age group of 7-9 years participated in the study. After taking consent, status of occlusal surface was evaluated under standardized conditions. Only mandibular molars were used in the study. On each patient, one side molar was sealed using EST and other side molar was sealed using CST. All children were recalled and examined after 6 months, 12 months and 18 months. Results: At the end of 18 months, no teeth were found carious in EST and CST group. At the end of 6, 12, 18 months there was no loss of sealants in both EST and CST group. There was no difference between EST and CST success rates. Conclusion: In our study both EST and CST showed good results. So we can do EST in deep I-Type and K-Type pit and fissures.

  12. [Evaluation of using fibrin tissue adhesive (Beriplast) and preparations of thrombin and adrenalin in injection hemostasis methods for gastric and duodenal ulcer hemorrhage. Randomized, prospective clinical trial].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babicki, A; Dobosz, M; Marczewski, R; Wajda, Z

    1997-01-01

    A prospective randomized trial involving 30 patients was performed to assess whether second-look endoscopy could improve the efficacy of injection therapy for bleeding peptic ulcers. The inclusion criteria were the presence of active arterial bleeding or a non-bleeding visible vessel at emergency endoscopy. All the patients received emergency injection of thrombin with adrenaline solution and were subsequently randomized (15 patients in each group). All the patients receive a second elective endoscopy within the first 24 hours with repeated injection of thrombin-adrenaline solution (Group I) or fibrin sealant-Beriplast-(Group II). A tendency towards better results was noted in the Group II. Recurrent bleeding was observed in 6.6% versus 26.6% patients in Group I. The need for emergency surgery occurred in (6.6% in Group I versus 0 in Group II) and length of hospital stay was (13.2 in Group I versus 7.4 in Group II [p < 0.05]). No mortality was observed in both of the groups. In conclusion, our data suggest the possibility of a small benefit with second-look endoscopy with repeated injection of fibrin sealant.

  13. In vitro studies on the cytotoxic potential of surface sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zingler, S; Matthei, B; Kohl, A; Saure, D; Ludwig, B; Diercke, K; Lux, C J; Erber, R

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this in vitro study was an initial screening of the cytotoxic potential of widely used smooth enamel surface sealants. A total of 20 products were allocated to four groups based on their chemical composition: (1) filled resin-based sealants, (2) unfilled resin-based sealants, (3) a resin-modified, glass ionomer-based sealant, and (4) silicone-based sealants. All materials were applied to human enamel slices both in accordance with manufacturers' instructions and in additional experiments applying 50% undercuring and 50% overcuring. An agar overlay assay was then used to test the specimens following ISO 10933. The cytotoxic potential of each material was interpreted based on a reaction index that summarized the decolorization and lysis scores obtained. The cytotoxic potential decreased as follows: unfilled resin-based sealants > filled resin-based sealants > resin-modified, glass ionomer-based sealant > silicone-based sealants. In 75% of the resin-based products, deliberate undercuring was associated with more extensive decolorization zones, leading to higher rates of cytotoxic potential in two of those products. Overcuring, by contrast, was associated with a tendency for smaller decolorization zones in 50% of the resin-based products. Surface sealants derived from resin monomers exhibited cytotoxic potential in the agar overlay assay. There is also evidence of a possible association with curing, as undercuring can increase the cytotoxic potential, whereas normal curing (as per manufacturers' instructions) or overcuring may help minimize such effects. More research into the biological implications of these materials is needed, especially with regard to their potential impact on the adjacent gingiva.

  14. Clinical applications of surgical adhesives and sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, Lindsey; Nagatomi, Jiro

    2014-01-01

    In the United States and Europe, the number of topical adhesives, surgical sealants, and hemostats approved for use in the surgical setting is ever expanding although no single device fills all medical and surgical needs to replace sutures. As more surgical procedures are performed through laparoscopic and robotic approaches, these devices are becoming more important, and current research is focused on solving the limitations of conventional wound treatments. This review article discusses clinical applications of various biologically derived and synthetic products that are currently available to surgeons and those that are in development.

  15. Sealant materials for solid oxide fuel cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krumpelt, M.

    1995-08-01

    The objective of this work is to complete the development of soft glass-ceramic sealants for the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Among other requirements, the materials must soften at the operation temperature of the fuel cell (600-1000{degrees}C) to relieve stresses between stack components, and their thermal expansions must be tailored to match those of the stack materials. Specific objectives included addressing the needs of industrial fuel cell developers, based on their evaluation of samples we supply, as well as working with commercial glass producers to achieve scaled-up production of the materials without changing their properties.

  16. Glass ionomer ART sealant and fluoride-releasing resin sealant in fissure caries prevention--results from a randomized clinical trial

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Liu, Bao Ying; Xiao, Yue; Chu, Chun Hung; Lo, Edward Chin Man

    2014-01-01

    The relative performance of ART sealant and fluoride-releasing resin sealant in preventing fissure caries in permanent molars was compared in a randomized clinical trial conducted in southern China (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01829334...

  17. Formulation and Characterization of Antibacterial Fluoride-releasing Sealants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Yuwei; Townsend, Janice; Wang, Yapin; Lee, Eun Chee; Evans, Katie; Hender, Erica; Hagan, Joseph L.; Xu, Xiaoming

    2013-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to formulate and characterize experimental antibacterial fluoride-releasing sealants and compare them with commercial sealants for fluoride release, recharge, adhesion, and microleakage. Methods Two experimental sealants (Exp-1, Exp-2) containing a synthesized antibacterial fluoride-releasing monomer and fluoride-releasing filler were formulated. Exp-2 also contained NovaMin nanoparticles. Commercial sealants Clinpro (CL) FluoroShield (FS), and SeLECT Defense (E34) were also included. Fluoride release from disk samples in deionized water was measured daily using an ion-selective electrode for 14 days, and after recharging with Neutra-Foam (2.0% sodium fluoride), fluoride was measured for 5 days. Microtensile bonding strengths (MTBS) to enamel were tested after 24-hour storage in water at 37°C or thermocycling 5-55°C for 1,000 cycles. A microleakage test was conducted on extracted teeth using a dye-penetration method. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance with the Tukey’s honestly significant difference test and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results Exp-1 and Exp-2 had significantly higher fluoride release and recharge capabilities than CL and FL (P<.05). All tested sealants had similar MTBS before and after thermocycling. Exp-2 and Exp-1 had significantly lower microleakage scores (P<.05) than other groups. Conclusion The experimental sealants had higher fluoride release and recharge capabilities and similar or better retention than commercial sealants. PMID:23635887

  18. Sealants for preventing dental decay in the permanent teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahovuo-Saloranta, Anneli; Forss, Helena; Walsh, Tanya; Hiiri, Anne; Nordblad, Anne; Mäkelä, Marjukka; Worthington, Helen V

    2013-03-28

    Dental sealants were introduced in the 1960s to help prevent dental caries in the pits and fissures of mainly the occlusal tooth surfaces. Sealants act to prevent the growth of bacteria that can lead to dental decay. There is evidence to suggest that fissure sealants are effective in preventing caries in children and adolescents when compared to no sealants. Their effectiveness may be related to the caries prevalence in the population. To compare the effects of different types of fissure sealants in preventing caries in permanent teeth in children and adolescents. We searched the Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register (to 1 November 2012); the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2012, Issue 7); MEDLINE via OVID (1946 to 1 November 2012); EMBASE via OVID (1980 to 1 November 2012); SCISEARCH, CAplus, INSPEC, NTIS and PASCAL via STN Easy (to 1 September 2012); and DARE, NHS EED and HTA (via the CAIRS web interface to 29 March 2012 and thereafter via Metaxis interface to September 2012). There were no language or publication restrictions. We also searched for ongoing trials via ClinicalTrials.gov (to 23 July 2012). Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials of at least 12 months duration comparing sealants for preventing caries of occlusal or approximal surfaces of premolar or molar teeth with no sealant or different type of sealant in children and adolescents under 20 years of age. Two review authors independently screened search results, extracted data and assessed trial quality. We calculated the odds ratio (OR) for caries or no caries on occlusal surfaces of permanent molar teeth. For trials with a split-mouth design, the Becker-Balagtas odds ratio was used. For mean caries increment we used the mean difference. All measures are presented with 95% confidence intervals (CI). The quality of the evidence was assessed using GRADE methods. We conducted the meta-analyses using a random-effects model for those

  19. Do light cured ART conventional high-viscosity glass-ionomer sealants perform better than resin-composite sealants: a 4-year randomized clinical trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, W.; Chen, X.; Fan, M.W.; Mulder, J.; Huysmans, M.C.D.N.J.M.; Frencken, J.E.F.M.

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The hypotheses tested were: the cumulative survival rates of dentin caries lesion-free pits and fissures of ART conventional high-viscosity glass-ionomer sealants with light-curing (high-intensity LED) and glass-carbomer sealants are higher than those of conventional ART sealants and

  20. Adhesion testing procedure for hot-poured crack sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-01

    Crack sealing is a common pavement maintenance treatment because it extends pavement service life significantly. : However, crack sealant often fails prematurely due to a loss of adhesion. Because current test methods are mostly : empirical and only ...

  1. Near-infrared imaging of demineralization under sealants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tom, Henry; Simon, Jacob C.; Chan, Kenneth H.; Darling, Cynthia L.; Fried, Daniel

    2014-07-01

    Previous studies have shown that near-infrared (NIR) reflectance and transillumination imaging can be used to acquire high contrast images of early caries lesions and composite restorative materials. The aim of the study was to determine the optimum NIR wavelengths for imaging demineralized areas under dental sealants. Fifteen natural human premolars and molars with occlusal lesions were used in this in vitro study. Images before and after application of sealants were acquired using NIR reflectance and NIR transillumination at wavelengths of 1300, 1460, and 1500 to 1700 nm. Images were also acquired using polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) for comparison. The highest contrast for NIR reflectance was at 1460 nm and 1500 to 1700 nm. These NIR wavelengths are coincident with higher water absorption. The clear Delton sealant investigated was not visible in either copolarization or cross-polarization OCT images. The wavelength region between 1500 and 1700 nm yielded the highest contrast of lesions under sealants for NIR reflectance measurements.

  2. Microleakage and Shear Bond Strength of a New Giomer Sealant

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-08

    step conditioning agent in sealant placement: 6-month results International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 16 424-430. 23. Feigal RJ & Quelhas I...Capt Samuel N. Durham 2. Academic Title: Resident, Advanced Education in General Dentistry Residency (AEGD-2) 3. School/Department/Center: Air Force...34Microleakage and Shear Bond Strength of a New Giomer Sealant" 7. Intended publication/meeting: Operative Dentistry 8. "Required by" date: 30 June 2015

  3. Environmentally Friendly Adhesives and Sealants for Army Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    styrene-butadiene rubber ( SBR ), and nitrile. One brush coat of the adhesive material was applied to the prepared surfaces of the rubber strips...Unclassified Title Environmentally Friendly Adhesives and Sealants for Army Applications 3. Author(s) Faye R. Toulan, Felicia Levine, Leslie...TYPE N/A 3. DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Environmentally Friendly Adhesives And Sealants For Army Applications 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER

  4. Fluoride concentration from dental sealants: a randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campus, G; Carta, G; Cagetti, M G; Bossù, M; Sale, S; Cocco, F; Conti, G; Nardone, M; Sanna, G; Strohmenger, L; Lingström, P

    2013-07-01

    A randomized clinical trial was performed in schoolchildren (6-7 yrs) to evaluate fluoride concentration in interproximal fluid after the placement of 3 different sealants. The sample consisted of 2,776 children randomly divided: 926 in the high-viscosity Glass-ionomer Cement group (GIC group), 923 in the fluoride Resin-based group (fluoride-RB group), and 927 in the no-fluoride Resin-based group (RB group). In total, 2,640 children completed the trial. Sealants were applied following manufacturer's instructions. Interproximal fluid samples were collected at baseline and 2, 7, and 21 days after application of sealants, by insertion of a standardized paperpoint into the interproximal mesial space of the sealed tooth for 15 seconds. Fluoride concentration was evaluated by means of a fluoride ion-selective electrode. At 2 days after sealant application, fluoride concentration was significantly higher in GIC and fluoride-RB groups compared with that in the RB group (p sealants increased the fluoride concentrations in interproximal fluid more than did a Resin-based sealant containing fluoride.

  5. Galea-pericranium dural closure: can we safely avoid sealants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giovanni, Sabatino; Della Pepa, Giuseppe Maria; La Rocca, Giuseppe; Lofrese, Giorgio; Albanese, Alesso; Maria, Giulio; Marchese, Enrico

    2014-08-01

    Dural closure is one of the most critical steps in neurosurgical procedures as it prevents many common postoperative complications. Methods of dural closure include the use of allogenic, autogenic, xenogenic, absorbable or synthetic materials together with sealant/glues or hemostatic compounds. Most common autogenic graft is galea-pericranium. This study aims to demonstrate how the intrinsic properties of the galea-pericranium make effectively useless the application of any glue in order to ensure the watertight integrity of the graft. 276 cases were included in the study. Postoperative dural-closure related complication in patients subjected to duraplasty were analysed in three groups undergoing different duraplasty techniques: galea-pericranium graft without sealants, galea-pericranium graft plus sealant, non-autologous dural patch plus sealant. No statistically significant differences between the three groups were observed in terms of subcutaneous fluid collection rate, CSF fistulas, brain abscesses, subdural empyemas, wound dehiscence, radiotherapic sequelae. Our study shows that galea-pericranium alone (without sealants) is comparable to other duraplasty techniques that involve the use of sealants or of non-autologous pathches in terms of long term postoperative results. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Effectiveness of two new types of sealants: retention after 2 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xi; Du, Minquan; Fan, Mingwen; Mulder, Jan; Huysmans, Marie-Charlotte; Frencken, Jo E

    2012-10-01

    The hypotheses tested were: survival rate of fully and partially retained glass-carbomer sealants is higher than those of high-viscosity glass-ionomer, with and without energy supplied, and that of resin composite; survival rate of fully and partially retained sealants of high-viscosity glass-ionomer with energy supplied is higher than those without energy supplied. The randomized clinical trial covered 407 children, with a mean age of 8 years. The evaluation took place after 0.5, 1 and 2 years. Survival of sealant material in occlusal and in smooth surfaces, using the traditional categorization (fully and partially retained versus completely lost sealants) and the modified categorization (fully and more than 2/3 of the sealant retained versus completely lost sealants), were dependent variables. The Kaplan-Meier survival method was used. According to both categorizations of partially retained sealants, the survival of completely and partially retained resin composite sealants in occlusal and in smooth tooth surfaces was statistically significantly higher, and those of glass-carbomer sealants lower, than those of sealants of the other three groups. There was no statistically significant difference in the survival rates of completely and partially retained high-viscosity glass-ionomer sealants with and without energy supplied in occlusal and in smooth surfaces. After 2 years, glass-carbomer sealant retention was the poorest, adding energy to high-viscosity glass-ionomer sealant did not increase the retention rate and resin composite sealants were retained the longest. We suggest the use of the modified categorization of partially retained sealants in future studies. It seems not necessary to cure high-viscosity glass-ionomer sealants. The use of glass-carbomer sealants cannot be recommended yet.

  7. Anaerobic polymers as high vacuum leak sealants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendall, B. R. F.

    1982-01-01

    Anaerobic polymers are useful as solventless leak sealants with good vacuum properties at moderate temperatures. Loctite 290 can seal leaks in a range generally encountered in carefully constructed ultrahigh vacuum and high vacuum systems. It was found that small leaks are sealed best under vacuum, whereas large leaks should be sealed at atmospheric pressure. The high-temperature behavior of Loctite 290 is limited by its fast cure, which prevents deep penetration into small leaks; cracking eventually occurs at the entrance to the leak. Repeated thermal cycling to about 300 C is possible, however, provided viscosity, curing time, and leak size are properly matched to ensure penetration into the body of the leak. This may require special formulations for high temperature vacuum applications.

  8. Construction and monitoring of thin overlay and crack sealant test sections at the Pecos test track.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    In this project, several crack sealant sections were constructed at the Pecos RTC. Six different sealants were : applied in routed and non-routed configurations on both older and newer pavement. The following summer, : the sections were revaluated in...

  9. Hindered dissolution of fibrin formed under mechanical stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varjú, I; Sótonyi, P; Machovich, R; Szabó, L; Tenekedjiev, K; Silva, M M C G; Longstaff, C; Kolev, K

    2011-05-01

    Recent data indicate that stretching forces cause a dramatic decrease in clot volume accompanied by gross conformational changes of fibrin structure. The present study attempts to characterize the lytic susceptibility of fibrin exposed to mechanical stress as a model for fibrin structures observed in vivo. The relevance of stretched fibrin models was substantiated by scanning electron microscopic (SEM) evaluation of human thrombi removed during surgery, where surface fibrin fibers were observed to be oriented in the direction of shear forces, whereas interior fibers formed a random spatial meshwork. These structural variations were modeled in vitro with fibrin exposed to adjustable mechanical stress. After two- and three-fold longitudinal stretching (2 × S, 3 × S) the median fiber diameter and pore area in SEM images of fibrin decreased two- to three-fold. Application of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) to the surface of model clots, which contained plasminogen, resulted in plasmin generation which was measured in the fluid phase. After 30-min activation 12.6 ± 0.46 pmol mm(-2) plasmin was released from the non-stretched clot (NS), 5.5 ± 1.11 pmol mm(-2) from 2 × S and 2.3 ± 0.36 pmol mm(-2) from 3 × S clot and this hampered plasmin generation was accompanied by decreased release of fibrin degradation products from stretched fibrins. Confocal microscopic images showed that a green fluorescent protein-fusion variant of tPA accumulated in the superficial layer of NS, but not in stretched fibrin. Mechanical stress confers proteolytic resistance to fibrin, which is a result of impaired plasminogen activation coupled to lower plasmin sensitivity of the denser fibrin network. © 2011 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

  10. Mechanisms of fibrin polymerization and clinical implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisel, John W; Litvinov, Rustem I

    2013-03-07

    Research on all stages of fibrin polymerization, using a variety of approaches including naturally occurring and recombinant variants of fibrinogen, x-ray crystallography, electron and light microscopy, and other biophysical approaches, has revealed aspects of the molecular mechanisms involved. The ordered sequence of fibrinopeptide release is essential for the knob-hole interactions that initiate oligomer formation and the subsequent formation of 2-stranded protofibrils. Calcium ions bound both strongly and weakly to fibrin(ogen) have been localized, and some aspects of their roles are beginning to be discovered. Much less is known about the mechanisms of the lateral aggregation of protofibrils and the subsequent branching to yield a 3-dimensional network, although the αC region and B:b knob-hole binding seem to enhance lateral aggregation. Much information now exists about variations in clot structure and properties because of genetic and acquired molecular variants, environmental factors, effects of various intravascular and extravascular cells, hydrodynamic flow, and some functional consequences. The mechanical and chemical stability of clots and thrombi are affected by both the structure of the fibrin network and cross-linking by plasma transglutaminase. There are important clinical consequences to all of these new findings that are relevant for the pathogenesis of diseases, prophylaxis, diagnosis, and treatment.

  11. Effects of the preparation technique and type of material on the penetrability of sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, John S; Covey, David; Abdelmegid, Faika; Salama, Fouad

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the penetration of 2 resin-based and 2 glass ionomer sealants into fissures after either conventional or mechanical preparation. All the materials placed in the conventionally prepared and mechanically prepared fissures penetrated the fissures beyond the standard (0.5-mm) reference line used in this study. For 1 glass ionomer sealant, the number of specimens showing complete penetration of sealant was significantly greater (P sealants.

  12. Marginal leakage of two newer glass-ionomer-based sealant materials assessed using micro-CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, X; Cuijpers, V; Fan, M; Frencken, J E

    2010-09-01

    To test newer glass-ionomer-based materials as sealant materials. One glass-ionomer sealant was light-cured to obtain an early setting reaction. The null-hypothesis tested was: there is no difference in marginal leakage of sealants produced with high-viscosity glass-ionomer, with and without energy supplied, and that of glass-carbomer, in comparison with resin composite sealants in vitro. Materials used were Clinpro, Ketac Molar Easymix and Glass-Carbomer. Sealants were placed in the occlusal surface of 89 molar teeth, thermocycled for 5000 cycles and evaluated using micro-CT for silver nitrate penetration depth at the enamel-sealant interface by two trained evaluators. Data were analysed, using ANOVA and Scheffe's test. Glass-carbomer sealants showed one or more 'fracture lines' in the material and at the enamel-material interface, filled with a kind of transparent, but not black coloured, material. High-viscosity glass-ionomer sealants with and without energy supplied had statistically significantly lower mean marginal leakage scores than sealants produced by composite resin (pglass-ionomer group without energy supplied. The high-viscosity glass-ionomer (Ketac Molar Easymix) sealants had lower marginal leakage than resin composite sealants, and should be tested in vivo. Glass-carbomer sealants were non-interpretable. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Marginal leakage of two newer glass-ionomer-based sealant materials assessed using micro-CT.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chen, X.; Cuijpers, V.M.J.I.; Fan, M.; Frencken, J.E.F.M.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To test newer glass-ionomer-based materials as sealant materials. One glass-ionomer sealant was light-cured to obtain an early setting reaction. The null-hypothesis tested was: there is no difference in marginal leakage of sealants produced with high-viscosity glass-ionomer, with and

  14. 21 CFR 872.3765 - Pit and fissure sealant and conditioner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Pit and fissure sealant and conditioner. 872.3765... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 872.3765 Pit and fissure sealant and conditioner. (a) Identification. A pit and fissure sealant and conditioner is a device composed of resin, such...

  15. Twenty-four month clinical evaluation of fissure sealants on partially erupted permanent first molars: glass ionomer versus resin-based sealant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonson, Sibel A; Antonson, Donald E; Brener, Sandra; Crutchfield, Jude; Larumbe, Jose; Michaud, Christie; Yazici, A Rüya; Hardigan, Patrick C; Alempour, Samira; Evans, David; Ocanto, Rome

    2012-02-01

    Glass ionomer sealants are an alternative to resin-based sealants, especially for use in partially erupted permanent molars. The authors conducted a study to compare the retention, marginal staining and cariostatic properties of a glass ionomer sealant with those of a resin-based sealant during a 24-month period. We included in this study 39 patients aged 5 through 9 years who had bilateral partially erupted first permanent molars. One of us (S.B.) placed a resin-based sealant (Delton Plus FS+, Dentsply Professional, York, Pa.) (group D) on a partially erupted first molar in one quadrant of the maxilla or mandible and a glass ionomer sealant (GC Fuji Triage White, GC America, Alsip, Ill.) (group T) in the other quadrant. Two masked and calibrated investigators (S.A.A., J.C.) evaluated the sealants for retention, marginal staining and carious lesions at three, six, 12 and 24 months. The authors used a multinomial regression for statistical analysis (P sealants from group D and three from group T were lost completely. Complete retention rates at 24 months were 40.7 and 44.4 percent for groups D and T, respectively. The authors found no statistically significant difference in retention rates between groups at each recall examination (P > .05). For marginal staining, sealants in the resin-based group exhibited statistically higher marginal staining than did sealants in the glass ionomer group (P sealant was lost completely experienced demineralization. Resin-based and glass ionomer sealants exhibited similar retention rates at 24 months. However, marginal staining was lower in the glass ionomer group, and the authors found no caries in teeth in this group. Consequently, glass ionomer sealants may be a better choice when salivary contamination is expected. Sealing during tooth eruption presents a particular challenge owing to difficulty in isolating the tooth. Glass ionomers may be a better material for sealing partially erupted molars.

  16. Sealants in dentistry: a systematic review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Condò, R; Cioffi, A; Riccio, A; Totino, M; Condò, S G; Cerroni, L

    2013-03-01

    The occlusal surface is the most affected area by dental caries and the sealing of the pits and of the fissures has been found, in time, the preventive method most effective trying to counteract the onset. Currently, the WHO considers it as a primary preventive measure, in other words one of the most effective and least invasive available to ensure the complete protection and the total preservation of the occlusal carious by the phenomenon. THE AIM OF THIS WORK HAS BEEN TO PERFORM A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ON CLINICAL TRIALS OF DIFFERENT SEALING MATERIALS, IN ORDER TO: compare their individual characteristics, highlight the reliability and the long-term efficacy and identify the most significant variables, both technological and clinics, in order to declare whether or not the success of this method prior. The research has been carried out in the MEDLINE database by choosing keywords as "sealants" and "follow up". Only studies published in the last thirteen years have been considered and have been evaluated only types of scientific articles that fall within the definition of Anglo-Saxon "Clinical Trial" and "Controlled Clinical Trial", excluding all experimental works in vitro, case-reports, meta-analyzes and literature reviews. Have been also considered only scientific papers on patients between the ages of 0 and 18 years. Out of 29 studies, evaluating a total of 2900 individuals (aged between 2.5 and 17 years), 7411 seals made by using resin-based sealants (RB Sealants), modified glass ionomer sealants (RMGI) and compomer sealants have been analyzed. The best retention capacity of the material in time has been obtained from the use of RB Sealants compared to RMGI, demonstrating retention values much lower with partial loss of material at a distance of one year from the clinic. The compomers demonstrate retention values intermediates. The incidence of caries in a year is negligible for all sealants application. In terms of retention, resin

  17. Formulation and characterization of antibacterial fluoride-releasing sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Yuwei; Townsend, Janice; Wang, Yapin; Lee, Eun Chee; Evans, Katie; Hender, Erica; Hagan, Joseph L; Xu, Xiaoming

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to formulate and characterize experimental antibacterial fluoride-releasing sealants and compare them with commercial sealants for fluoride release, recharge, adhesion, and microleakage. Two experimental sealants (Exp-1, Exp-2) containing a synthesized antibacterial fluoride-releasing monomer and fluoride-releasing filler were formulated. Exp-2 also contained NovaMin nanoparticles. Commercial sealants Clinpro (CL) FluroShield (FS), and SeLECT Defense (E34) were also included. Fluoride release from disk samples in deionized water was measured daily using an ion-selective electrode for 14 days, and after recharging with Neutra-Foam (2.0% sodium fluoride), fluoride was measured for 5 days. Microtensile bonding strengths (MTBS) to enamel were tested after 24-hour storage in water at 37°C or thermocycling 5-55°C for 1,000 cycles. A microleakage test was conducted on extracted teeth using a dye-penetration method. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance with the Tukey's honestly significant difference test and Kruskal-Wallis test. Exp-1 and Exp-2 had significantly higher fluoride release and recharge capabilities than CL and FL (Psealants had similar MTBS before and after thermocycling. Exp-2 and Exp-1 had significantly lower microleakage scores (Psealants had higher fluoride release and recharge capabilities and similar or better retention than commercial sealants.

  18. Acceptability of fissure sealants from the child's perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, A G; Madahar, A K; Deery, C

    2014-07-11

    To seek children's opinions about the acceptability of resin fissure sealant placement. Service evaluation using a child-centred questionnaire issued to a prospective sample of consecutive hospital patients.Method Questionnaires were issued to children, aged 3 to 16 years, immediately after resin fissure sealant placement in the Paediatric Dentistry Department in Sheffield. Participants used a three-point faces scale for positive, neutral and negative responses, arranged as a Likert scale with minimal text, to rate their treatment experiences and satisfaction with the dental visit. Two hundred questionnaires were returned. Overall, 96% (n = 191) recorded a positive or neutral response for the ease at which they coped with the procedure, with most children positive about having fissure sealants placed again (66%; n = 132). Further analysis demonstrated that children who had fissure sealants on a previous occasion found them easier than those having them for the first time (p children were satisfied with the explanations provided by their operator. Most participants found having resin fissure sealants placed an overall acceptable procedure, with patient acceptance improving with increased treatment experience.

  19. Biological evaluation of enamel sealants in an organotypic model of the human gingiva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zingler, Sebastian; Matthei, Byron; Diercke, Katja; Frese, Cornelia; Ludwig, Björn; Kohl, Annette; Lux, Christopher J; Erber, Ralf

    2014-09-01

    Various sealant materials have been suggested to decrease decalcification during orthodontic treatment. However, only a few in vitro studies on the cytotoxicity of resinous pit and fissure sealants have been published, and to the best of our knowledge no similar studies are available for the enamel sealants used in orthodontics. Therefore, we aimed to characterize the possible adverse effects of enamel sealants, especially on the gingival epithelium. Organotypic cultures of the human gingival mucosa were used to assess the possible impact of six enamel sealants. Differentiation and apoptosis were determined by immunofluorescent staining. The pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-6 were quantified by ELISA. Cytotoxicity was measured using MTS assays in monolayer cultures of human gingival fibroblasts. Leaching of monomers from enamel sealants was quantified using HPLC. The differentiation of the organotypic gingival mucosa remained unaffected. All under-cured and several standard-cured sealants (Light Bond™ Sealant, Light Bond™ Filled Sealant, and L.E.D. Pro Seal®) significantly induced apoptosis in the organotypic model. Light Bond™ Sealant, Light Bond™ Filled Sealant, and L.E.D. Pro Seal® caused a significant induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Reducing curing time had an influence on cytotoxicity in monolayer cultures of primary human oral cells. All resin-based sealants leached monomers. Enamel sealants might exert adverse effects on the gingival epithelium. Due to the vicinity of the enamel sealant to the gingival epithelium, and the large surface area of applied sealants, these materials should be carefully applied and sufficiently cured. Copyright © 2014 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Glass ionomer ART sealant and fluoride-releasing resin sealant in fissure caries prevention – results from a randomized clinical trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background The relative performance of ART sealant and fluoride-releasing resin sealant in preventing fissure caries in permanent molars was compared in a randomized clinical trial conducted in southern China (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01829334). Methods After obtaining ethical approval, healthy schoolchildren who had permanent first molars with occlusal fissures which were sound but deep or presented with only incipient caries were recruited for the study. Included molars were randomly allocated into one of four parallel study groups in units of left/right teeth per mouth. Two of the four groups adopted the methods of ART or fluoride-releasing resin sealant placement while the other two groups adopted the topical fluoride application methods. Fissure status of the molars in each group was evaluated every 6 months. Development of dentine caries and sealant retention over 24 months in the molars in the two sealant-using groups was compared in this report. Outcome on cost-effectiveness of all four groups over 36 months will be reported elsewhere. Results At baseline, a total of 280 children (383 molars) with mean age 7.8 years were involved for the two sealant groups. After 24 months, 261 children (357 molars) were followed. Proportions of molars with dentine caries were 7.3% and 3.9% in the ART sealant and fluoride-releasing resin sealant groups, respectively (chi-square test, p = 0.171). Life-table survival analysis showed that sealant retention (full and partial) rate over 24 months for the resin sealant (73%) was significantly higher than that (50%) for the ART sealant (p ART sealant (93%) and fluoride-releasing resin sealant (96%) groups were not significantly different (p = 0.169). Multilevel logistic regression (GEE modeling) accounting for the effects of data clustering and confounding factors confirmed this finding. Conclusions Though the retention of fluoride-releasing resin sealant was better than that of the ART sealant, their effectiveness in

  1. Contaminating fibrin in CPD-blood: solubility in plasma and distribution in blood components following separation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skjonsberg, O.H.; Kierulf, P.; Gravem, K.; Fagerhol, M.K.; Godal, H.C.

    1986-01-01

    In order to estimate the solubility of contaminating fibrin in CPD-blood, thrombin induced fibrin polymerzation in CPD-plasma was examined by light scattering and fibrinopeptide A (FPA) determinations. In addition, I-125 fibrin monomer enriched CPD-blood was used to investigate fibrin monomer retention in blood bags and transfusion filters (170 microns) and fibrin distribution in blood components derived from CPD-blood. Initial fibrin polymerization in CPD-blood occurred after conversion of 15 per cent of the fibrinogen to fibrin, implying that substantial amounts of fibrin may be kept solubilized in CPD-blood bags. Only minor amounts of I-125 fibrin monomers were retained in blood bags (2.4 per cent) and in transfusion filters (2.9 per cent) after sham transfusions. After separating I-125-fibrin monomer enriched CPD-blood into its constituent components, the major part of fibrin (75.0 per cent) could be traced in the cryoprecipitate.

  2. Effect of fibrin degradation products on fibrinolytic process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. A. Yatsenko

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Fibrin clot lysis by plasminogen/plasmin system results in fibrin degradation products formation with subsequent release into bloodstream. The fragments contain specific binding sites for fibrinolytic system components and can interact with them. In this study, we investigated the way in which fibrin fragments effect fibrinolytic process. We have shown that high molecular weight products of fibrin degradation and fibrin fragments of DDE-complex and DD, but not end product Е3, stimulate plasmin formation. Additionally, components of DDE-complex mixture of fragments Е1 and Е2 have potentiation ability. The intermediate fibrin fragments hmFDPs and DDE attenuate clot lysis by plasmin and hmFDPs protect plasmin from α2-antiplasmin inhibition but under further fragmentation to endpoint fibrin fragments loose this ability. The plasma inhibitors reduce fibrinolytic system activity generated by the degradation products. Thus, fibrin fragments formed during the clot lysis can bind and move out fibrinolytic system components from clot volume and in this way result in clot resistance to hydrolysis.

  3. Identification of fibrin clot-bound plasma proteins

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Talens (Simone); F.W.G. Leebeek (Frank); J.A.A. Demmers (Jeroen); D.C. Rijken (Dingeman)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractSeveral proteins are known to bind to a fibrin network and to change clot properties or function. In this study we aimed to get an overview of fibrin clot-bound plasma proteins. A plasma clot was formed by adding thrombin, CaCl2 and aprotinin to citrated platelet-poor plasma and unbound

  4. Bisphenol A in dental sealants and its estrogen like effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manu Rathee

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Bisphenol A or BPA-based epoxy resins are widely used in the manufacture of commercial products, including dental resins, polycarbonate plastics, and the inner coating of food cans. BPA is a precursor to the resin monomer Bis-GMA. During the manufacturing process of Bis-GMA dental sealants, Bisphenol A (BPA might be present as an impurity or as a degradation product of Bis-DMA through esterases present in saliva. Leaching of these monomers from resins can occur during the initial setting period and in conjunction with fluid sorption and desorption over time and this chemical leach from dental sealants may be bioactive. Researchers found an estrogenic effect with BPA, Bis-DMA, and Bis-GMA because BPA lacks structural specificity as a natural ligand to the estrogen receptor. It generated considerable concern regarding the safety of dental resin materials. This review focuses on the BPA in dental sealants and its estrogen-like effect.

  5. Effect of One Percent Chlorhexidine Addition on the Antibacterial Activity and Mechanical Properties of Sealants: An in vitro Study

    OpenAIRE

    Shanmugaavel, Arunachalam Karthikeyan; Asokan, Sharath; John, J. Baby; Priya, PR Geetha; Devi, Jagadeesan Gnana

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of addition of 1% chlorhexidine digluconate solution on the antibacterial activity and mechanical properties of glass ionomer and resin based sealant. Materials and methods: Conventional glass ionomer sealant (GIS) (Fuji VII, Japan) and resin sealant (Clinpro 3M ESPE, USA) were used in this study. Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) (20%) liquid was added to both the sealants, and the concentration of chlorhexidine in sealants was adju...

  6. Laparoscopic intraperitoneal mesh fixation with fibrin sealant (Tisseel((R))) vs. titanium tacks: a randomised controlled experimental study in pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, J.R.; Bech, J.I.; Linnemann, D.

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The main reason for hospital stay after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) is probably pain, which also causes a lengthening of the patient's time to assume normal daily activities and work. It is likely that titanium tacks may be the main contributing factor to early (and maybe...... research in animal hernia models with larger meshes is needed, especially with a focus on mesh folding and displacement Udgivelsesdato: 2008/10...

  7. Laparoscopic intraperitoneal mesh fixation with fibrin sealant (Tisseel®) vs. titanium tacks: a randomised controlled experimental study in pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, J.R.; Bech, Jakob Ilsted; Linnemann, D.

    2008-01-01

    Background The main reason for hospital stay after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) is probably pain, which also causes a lengthening of the patient's time to assume normal daily activities and work. It is likely that titanium tacks may be the main contributing factor to early (and maybe...

  8. No effect of fibrin sealant on drain output or functional recovery following simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovgaard, Christian; Holm, Bente; Troelsen, Anders

    2013-01-01

    Background and purpose Blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may lead to anemia, blood transfusions, and increased total costs. Also, bleeding into the periarticular tissue may cause swelling and a reduction in quadriceps strength, thus impairing early functional recovery. In this random...... in TKA showed no benefit in reducing drain output or in facilitating early functional recovery when used with a tourniquet, tranexamic acid, and a femoral bone plug....

  9. Treatment of 213 Patients with Symptomatic Tarlov Cysts by CT-Guided Percutaneous Injection of Fibrin Sealant

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Murphy, K; Oaklander, A L; Elias, G; Kathuria, S; Long, D M

    2016-01-01

    There has been a steady progression of case reports and a small surgical series that report successful surgical treatment of Tarlov cysts with concomitant relief of patients' symptoms and improvement...

  10. Reimbursement rates and policies for primary molar pit-and-fissure sealants across state Medicaid programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Donald L; Singh, Jennifer

    2013-11-01

    Little is known about Medicaid policies regarding reimbursement for placement of sealants on primary molars. The authors identified Medicaid programs that reimbursed dentists for placing primary molar sealants and hypothesized that these programs had higher reimbursement rates than did state programs that did not reimburse for primary molar sealants. The authors obtained Medicaid reimbursement data from online fee schedules and determined whether each state Medicaid program reimbursed for primary molar sealants (no or yes). The outcome measure was the reimbursement rate for permanent tooth sealants (calculated in 2012 U.S. dollars). The authors compared mean reimbursement rates by using the t test (α = .05). Seventeen Medicaid programs reimbursed dentists for placing primary molar sealants (34 percent), and the mean reimbursement rate was $27.57 (range, $16.00 [Maine] to $49.68 [Alaska]). All 50 programs reimbursed dentists for placement of sealants on permanent teeth. The mean reimbursement for permanent tooth sealants was significantly higher in programs that reimbursed for primary molar sealants than in programs that did not ($28.51 and $23.67, respectively; P = .03). Most state Medicaid programs do not reimburse dentists for placing sealants on primary molars, but programs that do so have significantly higher reimbursement rates. Medicaid reimbursement rates are related to dentists' participation in Medicaid and children's dental care use. Reimbursement for placement of sealants on primary molars is a proxy for Medicaid program generosity.

  11. Laser fluorescence of dentin caries covered with a novel nano-filled sealant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Andreas; Beisel, Christian; Brede, Olivier; Krause, Felix

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to assess the possibility to measure caries-induced laser fluorescence underneath a novel nano-filled fissure sealant. Sixty freshly extracted human teeth with occlusal dentine carious lesions were horizontally divided, exposing the respective lesion. Teeth were randomly assigned to three groups: (I) white fissure sealant with filler particles (Fissurit F, Voco), (II) clear fissure sealant without filler particles (Fissurit, Voco) and (III) novel experimental fissure sealant with nano-filler particles (Voco). Starting with a sealant thickness of 3 mm, laser fluorescence measurements (DIAGNOdent, KaVo) were performed after finishing the sealant surfaces with polishing papers, reducing the material at intervals of 0.5 mm until the sealant was removed completely. Evaluating a thickness of 0.5 mm, both the clear (83 % of the baseline fluorescence after fine grit polishing) and the white sealant (25 %) did not allow to measure baseline fluorescence (p 0.05). With increasing sealer thickness, fluorescence was influenced even by the experimental material (89 % of the baseline value at 1 mm). However, by using the experimental material, statistically significant higher fluorescence values than those for the other materials under study (p laser fluorescence in all groups (p laser fluorescence measurements for caries detection can be performed through thicker sealant layers compared to conventional sealant materials. Thus, it might be possible to use this material to assess a caries progression underneath the sealant and administer an appropriate therapy in due time.

  12. Microleakage and shear bond strength of a new sealant containing prereacted glass ionomer particles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durham, Samuel N; Meyers, Erik J; Bailey, Clifton W; Vandewalle, Kraig S

    2017-01-01

    A new fluoride-releasing sealant system is claimed to allow easier and faster placement while providing high bond strengths without the need for phosphoric acid etching. A study was designed to compare the microleakage and shear bond strength of a self-etching, Giomer-based sealant system with those of a traditional resin sealant. Group 1 received traditional sealant applied after use of a 35% phosphoric acid etchant; group 2 received Giomer sealant after use of a self-etching primer; and group 3 received Giomer sealant after the addition of an initial phosphoric acid etching step and placement of the primer. The sealants were placed in the occlusal pits and fissures of extracted human third molars, thermocycled, placed in dye, and sectioned. The extent of microleakage (dye penetration) was expressed as a percentage of the cross-sectional length of the sealed interface. The sealants were also bonded to the facial enamel of bovine incisors. Specimens were thermocycled and tested in shear mode in a universal testing machine. The new self-etching sealant demonstrated significantly greater microleakage (P < 0.017) and lower bond strength (P < 0.05) than both the traditional sealant system and the new system when placed with phosphoric acid etchant. Phosphoric acid etching significantly improved the shear bond strength and reduced the microleakage of the new sealant.

  13. Biophysical Mechanisms Mediating Fibrin Fiber Lysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    The formation and dissolution of blood clots is both a biochemical and a biomechanical process. While much of the chemistry has been worked out for both processes, the influence of biophysical properties is less well understood. This review considers the impact of several structural and mechanical parameters on lytic rates of fibrin fibers. The influences of fiber and network architecture, fiber strain, FXIIIa cross-linking, and particle transport phenomena will be assessed. The importance of the mechanical aspects of fibrinolysis is emphasized, and future research avenues are discussed. PMID:28630861

  14. Autologous fibrin adhesive in experimental tubal anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajaram, S; Rusia, U; Agarwal, S; Agarwal, N

    1996-01-01

    To evaluate autologous fibrin in rabbit oviduct anastomosis versus 7-0 vikryl, a conventional suture material used in tubal anastomosis. Thrombin was added to the autologous fibrinogen at the site of anastomosis to obtain a tissue adhesive. The anastomotic time, pregnancy rate, and litter size were evaluated. Three months later, a relaparotomy was done to evaluate patency and degree of adhesions, and a tubal biopsy was taken from the site of anastomosis. Analysis of results showed a statistically significant (P < .001) shortened anastomotic time and superior histopathological union in the tissue adhesive group. Patency rate, pregnancy rate, and degree of adhesions were comparable in both groups.

  15. Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Martin, Laura; Castaño, Antonio; Bravo, Manuel; Tavares, Mary; Niederman, Richard; Ogunbodede, Eyitope O

    2013-02-08

    Multiple guidelines and systematic reviews recommend sealant use to reduce caries risk. Yet, multiple reports also indicate that sealants are significantly underutilized. This study examined the knowledge, opinions, values, and practice (KOVP) of dentists concerning sealant use in the southwest region of Andalusia, Spain. This is a prelude to the generation of a regional plan for improving children's oral health in Andalusia. The survey's target population was dentists working in western Andalusia, equally distributed in the provinces of Seville, Cadiz, and Huelva (N=2,047). A convenience sample of meeting participants and meeting participant email lists (N=400) were solicited from the annual course on Community and Pediatric Dentistry. This course is required for all public health sector dentists, and is open to all private sector dentists. Information on the dentist's KOVP of sealants was collected using four-part questionnaire with 31, 5-point Likert-scaled questions. The survey population demographics included 190 men (48%) and 206 women (52%) with an average clinical experience of 10.6 (±8.4) years and 9.3 (±7.5) years, respectively. A significant sex difference was observed in the distribution of place of work (urban/suburb) (p=0.001), but no sex differences between working sector (public/private). The mean±SD values for each of the four KOVP sections for pit and fissure sealants were: knowledge=3.57±0.47; opinion=2.48±0.47; value=2.74±0.52; and practice=3.48±0.50. No sex differences were found in KOVP (all p>0.4). Independent of sex: knowledge statistically differed by years of experience and place of work; opinion statistically differed by years of experience and sector; and practice statistically differed by years of experience and sector. Less experienced dentists tended to have slightly higher scores (~0.25 on a Likert 1-5 scale). Statistically significant correlations were found between knowledge and practice (r=0.44, p=0.00) and between opinion

  16. Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    San Martin Laura

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Multiple guidelines and systematic reviews recommend sealant use to reduce caries risk. Yet, multiple reports also indicate that sealants are significantly underutilized. This study examined the knowledge, opinions, values, and practice (KOVP of dentists concerning sealant use in the southwest region of Andalusia, Spain. This is a prelude to the generation of a regional plan for improving children’s oral health in Andalusia. Methods The survey’s target population was dentists working in western Andalusia, equally distributed in the provinces of Seville, Cadiz, and Huelva (N=2,047. A convenience sample of meeting participants and meeting participant email lists (N=400 were solicited from the annual course on Community and Pediatric Dentistry. This course is required for all public health sector dentists, and is open to all private sector dentists. Information on the dentist’s KOVP of sealants was collected using four-part questionnaire with 31, 5-point Likert-scaled questions. Results The survey population demographics included 190 men (48% and 206 women (52% with an average clinical experience of 10.6 (± 8.4 years and 9.3 (± 7.5 years, respectively. A significant sex difference was observed in the distribution of place of work (urban/suburb (p=0.001, but no sex differences between working sector (public/private. The mean ± SD values for each of the four KOVP sections for pit and fissure sealants were: knowledge = 3.57 ± 0.47; opinion = 2.48 ± 0.47; value = 2.74 ± 0.52; and practice = 3.48 ± 0.50. No sex differences were found in KOVP (all p >0.4. Independent of sex: knowledge statistically differed by years of experience and place of work; opinion statistically differed by years of experience and sector; and practice statistically differed by years of experience and sector. Less experienced dentists tended to have slightly higher scores (~0.25 on a Likert 1–5 scale. Statistically significant correlations were

  17. Predictive factors for anterior chamber fibrin formation after vitreoretinal surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Provetti Cunha

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate possible predictive factors related to anterior chamber fibrin formation after vitreoretinal surgery in a large series of patients. Methods: The data of 185 eyes of 185 patients submitted to vitreoretinal surgery was reviewed. The following variables were evaluated: the postoperatively presence of fibrin, age, diabetes mellitus, the vitrectomy system gauge (20, 23 or 25 gauge, the type of vitreous substitute, the influence of prior surgical procedures and the combination with cataract extraction. To evaluate predictive factors for anterior chamber fibrin formation, univariate analysis was performed. A multivariate stepwise logistic regression model was adjusted to investigate factors associated with fibrin formation (p<0.05. Results: Fibrinoid anterior chamber reaction was found in 12 (6.4% patients. For multivariate logistic regression analysis, balanced salt solution (BSS, the chance of fibrin occurrence was 5 times greater (odds ratio 4.83, CI 95% 1.302 - 17.892; p=0.019, while combination with phacoemulsification increased the chance of fibrin formation by 20 times (odds ratio 20, CI 95% 2.480 - 161.347; p=0.005. No significant difference was found regarding other variables. Conclusion: Anterior chamber fibrin formation is an unwanted complication after vitreoretinal surgery. Factors such as combined performance of phacoemulsification and the use of balanced salt solution as a vitreous substitute may predispose the occurrence of this complication.

  18. Lytic resistance of fibrin containing red blood cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohner, Nikolett; Sótonyi, Péter; Machovich, Raymund; Szabó, László; Tenekedjiev, Kiril; Silva, Marta M.C.G.; Longstaff, Colin; Kolev, Krasimir

    2012-01-01

    Objective Arterial thrombi contain variable amounts of red blood cell (RBC), which interact with fibrinogen through an eptifibatide-sensitive receptor and modify the structure of fibrin. Here we evaluate the modulator role of RBCs in the lytic susceptibility of fibrin. Methods and Results If fibrin is formed at increasing RBC counts, scanning electron microscopy evidenced a decrease in fiber diameter from 150 nm to 96 nm at 40 %(v/v) RBC, an effect susceptible to eptifibatide inhibition (restoring 140 nm diameter). RBC prolonged the lysis time in a homogeneous-phase fibrinolytic assay with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) by up to 22.7±1.6 %, but not in the presence of eptifibatide. Confocal laser microscopy using green fluorescent protein (GFP)-labeled tPA and orange fluorescent fibrin showed that 20-40 %(v/v) RBC significantly slowed down the dissolution of the clots. tPA-GFP did not accumulate on the surface of fibrin containing RBC at any cell count above 10 %. The presence of RBC in the clot suppressed the tPA-induced plasminogen activation resulting in a 45 % less plasmin generated after 30 min activation at 40 %(v/v) RBC. Conclusion RBCs confer lytic resistance to fibrin resulting from modified fibrin structure and impaired plasminogen activation through a mechanism that involves eptifibatide-sensitive fibrinogen-RBC interactions. PMID:21737785

  19. Coal-tar based pavement sealant toxicity to freshwater macroinvertebrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryer, Pamela J; Scoggins, Mateo; McClintock, Nancy L

    2010-05-01

    Non-point-source pollution is a major source of ecological impairment in urban stream systems. Recent work suggests that coal-tar pavement sealants, used extensively to protect parking areas, may be contributing a large portion of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) loading seen in urban stream sediments. The hypothesis that dried coal-tar pavement sealant flake could alter the macroinvertebrate communities native to streams in Austin, TX was tested using a controlled outdoor laboratory type approach. The treatment groups were: control, low, medium, and high with total PAH concentrations (TPAH = sum of 16 EPA priority pollutant PAHs) of 0.1, 7.5, 18.4, & 300 mg/kg respectively. The low, medium, and high treatments were created via the addition of dried coal-tar pavement sealant to a sterile soil. At the start of the 24-day exposure, sediment from a minimally impacted local reference site containing a community of live sediment-dwelling benthic macroinvertebrates was added to each replicate. An exposure-dependent response was found for several stream health measures and for several individual taxa. There were community differences in abundance (P = 0.0004) and richness (P pavement sealants contain bioavailable PAHs that may harm aquatic environments. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. The state-of-the-art of ART sealants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frencken, J.E.F.M.

    2014-01-01

    Sealing caries-prone pits and fissure systems is an effective caries-preventive measure. There are basically two types of sealant materials: glass-ionomer and resin-based materials. Low- and medium-viscosity glass-ionomers were initially used and showed a low level of retention. With the advent of

  1. Microleakage and sealant penetration in contaminated carious fissures.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hevinga, M.; Opdam, N.J.M.; Frencken, J.E.F.M.; Bronkhorst, E.M.; Truin, G.J.

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of an adhesive system on microleakage and sealant penetration depth in carious fissures after different surface contamination circumstances. METHODS: Extracted third molars (n=128) with small occlusal cavitated carious

  2. Evaluating cyclic fatigue of sealants during outdoor testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    R. Sam Williams; Steven Lacher; Corey Halpin; Christopher White

    2009-01-01

    A computer-controlled test apparatus (CCTA) and other instrumentation for subjecting sealant specimens to cyclic fatigue during outdoor exposure was developed. The CCTA enables us to use weather-induced conditions to cyclic fatigue specimens and to conduct controlled tests in-situ during the outdoor exposure. Thermally induced dimensional changes of an aluminum bar...

  3. Systematic review on the use of matrix-bound sealants in pancreatic resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smits, F Jasmijn; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C; Besselink, Marc G H; Borel Rinkes, Inne H M; Molenaar, I Quintus

    2015-11-01

    Pancreatic fistula is a potentially life-threatening complication after a pancreatic resection. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the role of matrix-bound sealants after a pancreatic resection in terms of preventing or ameliorating the course of a post-operative pancreatic fistula. A systematic search was performed in the literature from May 2005 to April 2015. Included were clinical studies using matrix-bound sealants after a pancreatic resection, reporting a post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) according to the International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula classification, in which grade B and C fistulae were considered clinically relevant. Two were studies on patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy (sealants n = 67, controls n = 27) and four studies on a distal pancreatectomy (sealants n = 258, controls n = 178). After a pancreatoduodenectomy, 13% of patients treated with sealants versus 11% of patients without sealants developed a POPF (P = 0.76), of which 4% versus 4% were clinically relevant (P = 0.87). After a distal pancreatectomy, 42% of patients treated with sealants versus 52% of patients without sealants developed a POPF (P = 0.03). Of these, 9% versus 12% were clinically relevant (P = 0.19). The present data do not support the routine use of matrix-bound sealants after a pancreatic resection, as there was no effect on clinically relevant POPF. Larger, well-designed studies are needed to determine the efficacy of sealants in preventing POPF after a pancreatoduodenectomy. © 2015 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association.

  4. Penetration of Filled and Unfilled Resin Sealants on Different Enamel Substrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kantovitz, Kamila Rosamilia; Moreira, Kelly Maria Silva; Pascon, Fernanda Miori; Nociti, Francisco Humberto; Machado Tabchoury, Cinthia P; Puppin-Rontani, Regina Maria

    2016-11-15

    To evaluate the penetration ratio of filled and unfilled resin-based sealants on different enamel substrates and pit and fissure morphologies. Forty-eight occlusal enamel blocks obtained from impacted human third molars were randomly divided (n equals eight) according to enamel substrates (sound; caries-like lesion; caries-like lesion plus topical fluoride application) and sealant material (FluroShield; Helioseal Clear Chroma). Sealants were applied on the enamel surface. The specimens were stored in 100 percent humidity for 24 hours at 37 degrees Celsius, sectioned in a buccal-lingual direction (at approximately 50 μm), and examined to determine the sealant penetration ratio (b x 100/a; a equals total fissure length and b equals sealant penetration length) and pit and fissure morphology (V-, U-, or Y-shaped). Statistical analysis was performed using Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis tests (Ppenetration ratio, with no interactions between these factors. Moreover, the morphology significantly affected the sealant penetration, with the "Y"-shaped fissures presenting the lowest sealant penetration ratio compared to "U-"shaped (P=0.0001) and "V-" shaped fissures (P=0.0018). Pit and fissure morphology was a critical factor on sealant's penetration capacity; however, enamel substrate and sealant type did not affect sealant's penetration ratio.

  5. Glass ionomer ART sealants in Chinese school children-6-year results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmgren, Christopher J; Lo, Edward C M; Hu, Deyu

    2013-09-01

    To evaluate longitudinally ART sealants placed in Chinese school children under field conditions. 191 ART sealants were placed in 140 children, aged 11-14 years, by five assistant dentists in four secondary schools in Deyang, Sichuan Province, China. Teeth selected for sealing were those with pits and fissures that were deep or showing early enamel caries. Teeth were excluded if there was obvious cavitation extending into dentine. Standard instruments and procedures for ART sealants were used. The material used was a high-viscosity glass-ionomer (Ketac-Molar, 3MESPE) that was inserted into the pits and fissures with the "press-finger" technique. The status of the sealants was evaluated annually over 6 years after placement by the same examiner who was not involved in the placement of the sealants using explorers, mouth-mirrors and an intra-oral fibre-optic light. No missing sealants were replaced during the study. 107 sealants (56% of the original) were examined after 6 years. The cumulative survival rates of the sealants (partially or fully retained) after 2, 4 and 6 years were 79%, 68% and 59%, respectively. Caries prevention lagged the fall in sealant survival but remained high throughout the study period, being over 90% in the first 4 years and 85% after 6 years. ART sealants placed under field conditions in Chinese schoolchildren have a high retention rate. Missing sealants should be replaced to maintain their preventive efficacy. The sealing of pits and fissures can be an effective caries preventive approach. Resin-based sealants have the disadvantage in that they require an optimal level of moisture control during placement. In children and in outreach situations glass ionomer ART sealants, which are more moisture tolerant, can offer a viable alternative. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Characterization of Leukocyte-platelet Rich Fibrin, A Novel Biomaterial

    OpenAIRE

    Madurantakam, Parthasarathy; Yoganarasimha, Suyog; Hasan, Fadi K.

    2015-01-01

    Autologous platelet concentrates represent promising innovative tools in the field of regenerative medicine and have been extensively used in oral surgery. Unlike platelet rich plasma (PRP) that is a gel or a suspension, Leukocyte-Platelet Rich Fibrin (L-PRF) is a solid 3D fibrin membrane generated chair-side from whole blood containing no anti-coagulant. The membrane has a dense three dimensional fibrin matrix with enriched platelets and abundant growth factors. L-PRF is a popular adjunct in...

  7. Transplantation of autologous keratinocyte suspension in fibrin matrix to chronic venous leg ulcers: improved long-term healing after removal of the fibrin carrier.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartmann, A.; Quist, J.; Hamm, H.; Brocker, E.B.; Friedl, P.H.A.

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The transplantation of keratinocytes suspended in fibrin carrier represents a candidate regimen for chronic ulcer treatment in an outpatient setting. We evaluated the integration and survival of autologous individualized keratinocytes applied within fibrin matrix onto chronic venous leg

  8. Evaluation of Different Fissure Sealant Materials and Flowable Composites Used as Pit-and-fissure Sealants: A 24-Month Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kucukyilmaz, Ebru; Savas, Selcuk

    2015-01-01

    The effectiveness of resin-based pit-and-fissure sealants mainly depends on their retention and integrity over time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate retention rates of two different pit-and-fissure sealants compared with a flowable composite and a self-adhesive flowable composite over a 24 month period. A split-mouth study design was used for all four permanent first molars of each patient. They were subjected to different kinds of sealants--either flowable composites or with fissure sealants. The flowable composites used were: flowable composite with an adhesive system (Tetric EvoFlow); and a self-adhesive flowable composite (Vertise Flow). The fissure sealants used were: a highly filled pit-and-fissure sealant (Fissurit FX); and a highly filled nano-hybrid pit-and-fissure sealant (Grandio Seal). Evaluation of the sealants was carried out at three-, six-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up visits. The complete retention rates were 95.7 percent for Tetric EvoFlow, 80.6 percent for Fissurit FX, 73.1 percent for Grandio Seal, and 62.9 percent for Vertise Flow. The retention rate of Tetric EvoFlow was significantly higher among all materials tested (P<0.05). The flowable composite used with an adhesive system was found to be superior to other sealing materials.

  9. Impact of targeted, school-based dental sealant programs in reducing racial and economic disparities in sealant prevalence among schoolchildren--Ohio, 1998-1999.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-08-31

    Despite the availability of highly effective measures for primary prevention, dental caries (tooth decay) remains one of the most common childhood chronic diseases. When properly placed, dental sealants are almost 100% effective in preventing caries on the chewing surfaces of first and second permanent molarteeth. However, sealants remain underused, particularly among children from low-income families and from racial/ethnic minority groups. Schools traditionally have been a setting for both dental disease prevention programs and for oral health status assessment. To determine the prevalence of dental sealant use among third grade students from schools with and without sealant programs, during the 1998-99 school year, the Ohio Department of Health conducted an oral health survey among schoolchildren. This report summarizes the results of this survey, which indicate that targeted, school-based dental sealant programs can substantially increase prevalence of dental sealants. Providing sealant programs in all eligible, high-risk schools could reduce or eliminate racial and economic disparities in the prevalence of dental sealants.

  10. Anticlotting properties of fragments D from human fibrinogen and fibrin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haverkate, F; Timan, G; Nieuwenhuizen, W

    1979-08-01

    It appeared from our previous studies that Ca2+ concentrations comparable to those occurring in blood protect the C-terminal part of the gamma-chain remnants of fibrin(ogen) fragments D against further plasmin attack. This study shows that purified fibrin(ogen) fragments D formed in the presence of Ca2+ ions have anticlotting activity in vitro, whereas shortening of the gamma-chain remnants leads to loss of such activity.

  11. A randomized control clinical trial of fissure sealant retention: Self etch adhesive versus total etch adhesive

    OpenAIRE

    Aman, Nadia; Khan, Farhan Reza; Salim, Aisha; Farid, Huma

    2015-01-01

    Context: There are limited studies on comparison of Total etch (TE) and Self etch (SE) adhesive for placement of sealants. Aims: The aim of the study was to compare the retention of fissure sealants placed using TE adhesive to those sealants placed using SE (seventh generation) adhesive. Settings and Design: The study was conducted in the dental section, Aga Khan University Hospital. This study was a randomized single blinded trial with a split mouth design. Materials and Methods:...

  12. Effect of an Antibacterial Monomer on the Antibacterial Activity of a Pit-and-Fissure Sealant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Fan; Yu, Haohan; Lin, Pingting; Dong, Yan; Zhang, Ling; Sun, Xiang; Liu, Zhengya; Guo, Huihui; Huang, Li; Chen, Jihua

    Resin-based pit-and-fissure sealants are often used to form a barrier on the occlusal surface of molars to treat caries lesions; however, bacteria can remain in the pit and fissures without detection, increasing the risk of secondary caries. Sealants with antimicrobial properties or microbial repellent actions might be advantageous. The aim of this study was to assess the inhibitory effect of a 2-methacryloxylethyl dodecyl methyl ammonium bromide (MAE-DB)-incorporated sealant against Streptococcus mutans. MAE-DB (4% wt) was incorporated into a commercially available sealant, Eco-S resin-based pit-and-fissure sealant (Vericom Co., Ltd., Korea); a sealant without MAE-DB served as a negative control, and Clinpro™ Sealant (3M™ ESPE™), a fluoride-releasing resin, was used as a commercial control. The effects of the cured sealants and their eluents on the growth of S. mutans were determined according to colony-forming unit counts and metabolic tests. The effects of the cured sealants on the adherence and membrane integrity of S. mutans were investigated using confocal laser-scanning microscopy (CLSM) in conjunction with fluorescent indicators. Compared with the negative control and commercial control, the cured MAE-DB-incorporated pit-and-fissure sealant exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on the growth of S. mutans (P pit-and-fissure sealant with contact antibacterial activity after polymerization via influencing the growth, adherence, and membrane integrity of S. mutans. Therefore, MAE-DB-containing pit-and-fissure sealant shows promise for preventing or controlling dental caries on occlusal pit and fissures of molars.

  13. Fluoride Release and Recharge from Different Materials Used as Fissure Sealants

    OpenAIRE

    Bayrak, Sule; Tunc, Emine Sen; AKSOY, Abdurrahman; Ertas, Ertan; Guvenc, Dilek; Ozer, Sezin

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: Fluoride release/recharge properties of fissure sealants are important for their long-term inhibition of caries. This study was conducted to examine the relationship between fluoride release and recharge of pit-and-fissure sealants. Methods: Specimens were prepared from 5 different sealant materials: Fissurit F, a conventional resin; Fuji VII, a glass-ionomer cement (GIC); Fuji II LC, a resin-modified GIC; Ionosit, a polyacid-modified composite resin (PMRC); and Aelite Flo, a flow...

  14. Microporous Nanofibrous Fibrin-based Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osathanon, Thanaphum; Linnes, Michael L.; Rajachar, Rupak M.; Ratner, Buddy D.; Somerman, Martha J.; Giachelli, Cecilia M.

    2008-01-01

    The fibrotic response of the body to synthetic polymers limits their success in tissue engineering and other applications. Though porous polymers have demonstrated improved healing, difficulty in controlling their pore sizes and pore interconnections has clouded the understanding of this phenomenon. In this study, a novel method to fabricate natural polymer/calcium phosphate composite scaffolds with tightly controllable pore size, pore interconnection, and calcium phosphate deposition was developed. Microporous, nanofibrous fibrin scaffolds were fabricated using sphere-templating methods. Composite scaffolds were created by solution deposition of calcium phosphate on fibrin surfaces or by direct incorporation of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (nHA). The SEM results showed that fibrin scaffolds exhibited a highly porous and interconnected structure. Osteoblast-like cells, obtained from murine calvaria, attached, spread and showed a polygonal morphology on the surface of the biomaterial. Multiple cell layers and fibrillar matrix deposition were observed. Moreover, cells seeded on mineralized fibrin scaffolds exhibited significantly higher alkaline phosphatase activity as well as osteoblast marker gene expression compared to fibrin scaffolds and nHA incorporated fibrin scaffolds (0.25 g and 0.5 g). All types of scaffolds were degraded both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, these scaffolds promoted bone formation in a mouse calvarial defect model and the bone formation was enhanced by addition of rhBMP-2. PMID:18640716

  15. Isolite vs cotton roll isolation in the placement of dental sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyman, Todd; Viswanathan, Kavitha; McWhorter, Alton

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this split-mouth, randomized, controlled trial was to evaluate the retention rates of sealants placed under Isolite vs cotton roll isolation. A convenience sample of 29 patients, with a mean age of 9.8 years and a total of 96 teeth, was included in this study. Matched contralateral pairs of first and second molars were randomized to receive sealants with Isolite or cotton roll isolation. All sealants were performed by one standardized operator. Sealants were placed on first and second permanent molars that had a matched contralateral molar requiring a sealant as well. Photographs were taken of the sealants on the day of placement, and at 6-month and 12-month recalls. Photographs were viewed, and retention of the sealants was evaluated and scored by three calibrated pediatric dentists. The scores were analyzed via Mann-Whitney U and chi-square tests. There were no significant differences in the retention rates between sealants placed using Isolite isolation compared with cotton roll isolation. Isolite and cotton roll isolation both appear to be equally effective in creating a favorable environment for sealant placement by a single operator.

  16. A 48-month clinical evaluation of fissure sealants placed with different adhesive systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaman, E; Yazici, A R; Tuncer, D; Firat, E; Unluer, S; Baseren, M

    2013-01-01

    To compare the retention rates of a nanofilled occlusal fissure sealant placed with the use of an etch-and-rinse or a self-etch adhesive over 48 months. The authors enrolled 244 teeth, each with no restoration or sealant and no detectable caries, from 16 patients. The sealants were placed with Solobond M two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive or Futurabond NR one-step self-etch adhesive by four previously calibrated dentists using a table of random numbers. After completion of the adhesive application, a nanofilled sealant, Grandio Seal, was applied and light-cured. Two other calibrated examiners, who were unaware of which adhesive had been used, independently evaluated the sealants at baseline and at 12-, 24-, 36-, and 48-month recalls. Each sealant was evaluated in terms of caries formation being present or absent and retention using the following criteria: 1 = completely retained, 2 = partial loss, and 3 = total loss. The Pearson χ (2) test was used to evaluate differences in retention rates among the sealants used with different adhesives for each evaluation period. The retention rates for sealants in the Solobond M group were significantly higher than those in the Futurabond NR group in all periods of evaluation (p0.05). There was no new caries formation throughout the 48-month recall period. Fissure sealants placed with etch-and-rinse adhesive showed better retention rates than those placed with self-etch adhesive.

  17. The effects of opaque and clear pit and fissure sealants on infrared laser fluorescence measurements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahrololoomi, Z; Khodabakhsh, M; Khaksar, Y

    2014-06-01

    The purpose of placing sealants is to inhibit caries by physical closure of the pits and fissures of teeth. A device named DIAGNOdent is useful in detecting occlusal caries by employing laser fluorescence (LF). However, there are contradictory results in the influence of sealants on LF measurements. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of two different types of fissure sealants on LF measurements. In this in vitro study, 86 extracted permanent third molars were divided randomly into two groups and clear or opaque sealant was applied on the occlusal surfaces. Two examiners performed pre- and post-seal fluorescence measurements twice with one week interval by employing DIAGNOdent device. Finally, measured values were evaluated through the statistical paired t-test by means of SPSS 17 software. The mean value of LF measurements increased significantly due to the application of clear sealant (p= 0.001) while the statistical changes in this measurement was negligible after applying opaque sealant (p= 0.311). Clear sealants increase the LF measured values but opaque sealants cause almost no changes. Therefore, DIAGNOdent device is not reliable for detecting caries beneath the clear sealant.

  18. Development of 400 F sealants for flat plate solar collector construction and installation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, L.; Schubert, R. J.

    1980-03-01

    Twenty candidate sealants representing ten different polymer types were evaluated as potential solar collector sealants. Polymer types tested included epichlorohydrin rubber, EPDM rubber, silicone, polysulfide, acrylate rubber, and a fluoroelastomer. Initial screening of sealants consisted of measuring high temperature stability and adhesion retention. Several sealant compositions exhibited satisfactory performance in these tests and were selected for further evaluation. These materials were based on an EPDM rubber, a Viton fluoroelastomer, and silicone polymers. Further testing of these candidate materials included determination of adhesion retention under uv/water/heat conditions, fogging temperature, low temperature flexibility, and physical properties. Four silicone-based materials appeared to be suitable candidates for sealing solar collectors.

  19. Microstructural and Mechanical Differences Between Digested Collagen-Fibrin Co-Gels and Pure Collagen and Fibrin Gels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Victor K.; Frey, Christina R.; Kerandi, Allan M.; Lake, Spencer P.; Tranquillo, Robert T.; Barocas, Victor H.

    2012-01-01

    Collagen and fibrin are important extra-cellular matrix (ECM) components in the body, providing structural integrity to various tissues. These biopolymers are also common scaffolds used in tissue engineering. This study investigated how co-gelation of collagen and fibrin affected the properties of each individual protein network. Collagen-fibrin co-gels were cast and subsequently digested using either plasmin or collagenase; the microstructure and mechanical behavior of the resulting networks were then compared with respective pure collagen or fibrin gels of the same protein concentration. The morphologies of the collagen networks were further analyzed via 3-D network reconstruction from confocal image z-stacks. Both collagen and fibrin exhibited a decrease in mean fiber diameter when formed in the co-gels compared to the pure gels; this microstructural change was accompanied by increased failure strain and decreased tangent modulus for both collagen and fibrin following selected digestion of the co-gels. In addition, analysis of the reconstructed collagen networks indicated presence of very long fibers and clustering of fibrils, resulting in very high connectivities for collagen networks formed in co-gels. PMID:22828381

  20. Fibrin glue mixed with platelet-rich fibrin as a scaffold seeded with dental bud cells for tooth regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Kai-Chiang; Wang, Chun-Hao; Chang, Hao-Hueng; Chan, Wing P; Chi, Chau-Hwa; Kuo, Tzong-Fu

    2012-11-01

    Odontogenesis is a complex process with a series of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions and odontogenic molecular cascades. In tissue engineering of teeth from stem cells, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), which is rich in growth factors and cytokines, may improve regeneration. Accordingly, PRF was added into fibrin glue to enrich the microenvironment with growth factors. Unerupted second molar tooth buds were harvested from miniature swine and cultured in vitro for 3 weeks to obtain dental bud cells (DBCs). Whole blood was collected for the preparation of PRF and fibrin glue before surgery. DBCs were suspended in fibrin glue and then enclosed with PRF, and the DBC-fibrin glue-PRF composite was autografted back into the original alveolar sockets. Radiographic and histological examinations were used to identify the regenerated tooth structure 36 weeks after implantation. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect proteins specific to tooth regeneration. One pig developed a complete tooth with crown, root, pulp, enamel, dentin, odontoblast, cementum, blood vessels, and periodontal ligaments in indiscriminate shape. Another animal had an unerupted tooth that expressed cytokeratin 14, dentin matrix protein-1, vascular endothelial growth factor, and osteopontin. This study demonstrated, using autogenic cell transplantation in a porcine model, that DBCs seeded into fibrin glue-PRF could regenerate a complete tooth. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. Studies of new perfluoroether elastomeric sealants. [for aircraft fuel tanks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basiulis, D. I.; Salisbury, D. P.

    1981-01-01

    Channel and filleting sealants were developed successfully from cyano and diamidoxime terminated perfluoro alkylene ether prepolymers. The prepolymers were polymerized, formulated and tested. The polymers and/or formulations therefrom were evaluated as to their physical, mechanical and chemical properties (i.e., specific gravity, hardness, nonvolatile content, corrosion resistance, stress corrosion, pressure rupture resistance, low temperature flexibility, gap sealing efficiency, tensile strength and elongation, dynamic mechanical behavior, compression set, fuel resistance, thermal properties and processability). Other applications of the formulated polymrs and incorporation of the basic prepolymers into other polymeric systems were investigated. A cyano terminated perfluoro alkylene oxide triazine was formulated and partially evaluated. The channel sealant in its present formulation has excellent pressure rupture resistance and surpasses present MIL specifications before and after fuel and heat aging.

  2. Glass Composition for the use as a Sealant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    The invention concerns a glass composition for the use as a sealant, particularly in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) or in a solid oxide electrolyser cell (SOEC). The glass composition comprises 35-70 mol% CaO, 5-45 mol% ZnO, 5-50 mol% B2O3, 1-45 mol% SiO2, and 1 mol% or less of each element...

  3. Antibacterial Properties of Fluoride Releasing Glass lonomer Cements (GICs) and Pit and Fissure Sealants on Streptococcus Mutans

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar M, Mahesh; Pai BH, Mithun; GM, Prashant; Reddy, VV Subba; Mohan Das, Usha; C, Madura; GN, Chandu

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT Title: Antibacterial properties of fluoride releasing glass Ionomer cements (GICs) and pit and fissure sealants on Streptococcus mutans. Background: Occlusal pit and fissures are the most susceptible sites for dental caries. The clinical effectiveness of GICs and fissure sealants in preventing caries is well-documented, but there is some concern about bacteria left beneath sealants. Objective: (1) Study the antibacterial activity of GICs and pit and fissure sealants. (2) Compare betw...

  4. Surgical sealants with tunable swelling, burst pressures, and biodegradation rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henise, Jeff; Hearn, Brian R; Santi, Daniel V; Kamata, Hiroyuki; Sakai, Takamasa; Ashley, Gary W

    2017-08-01

    We developed two types of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based surgical sealants, which we have termed the PER and PRO series. In one, the PRO series, an 8-arm PEG containing activated carbonyl end-groups was reacted with a 4-armed amino-PEG. In the second, the PER series, a 4-arm PEG containing bi-functional end groups with four azides and four activated esters was reacted by strain-promoted alkyne-azide cycloaddition with a 4-arm cyclooctyne-PEG to give a near-ideal Tetra-PEG hydrogel. The sealants showed predictably tunable strength, swelling, adhesion, and gelation properties. The gels were compared to commercially available PEG-based sealants and exhibit physical properties equivalent to or better than the standards. Variants of each gel-format were prepared that contained a β-eliminative cleavable linker in the crosslinks to control degradation rate. Linkers of this type self-cleave with half-lives spanning from hours to years, and offer the unique ability to precisely tune the degradation to match the healing process. In addition, these linkers could serve as cleavable tethers for controlled drug release. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 105B: 1602-1611, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. An accelerated exposure and testing apparatus for building joint sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, C C; Hunston, D L; Tan, K T; Hettenhouser, J; Garver, J D

    2013-09-01

    The design, fabrication, and implementation of a computer-controlled exposure and testing apparatus for building joint sealants are described in this paper. This apparatus is unique in its ability to independently control and monitor temperature, relative humidity, ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and mechanical deformation. Each of these environmental factors can be controlled precisely over a wide range of conditions during periods of a month or more. Moreover, as controlled mechanical deformations can be generated, in situ mechanical characterization tests can be performed without removing specimens from the chamber. Temperature and humidity were controlled during our experiments via a precision temperature regulator and proportional mixing of dry and moisture-saturated air; while highly uniform UV radiation was attained by attaching the chamber to an integrating sphere-based radiation source. A computer-controlled stepper motor and a transmission system were used to provide precise movement control. The reliability and effectiveness of the apparatus were demonstrated on a model sealant material. The results clearly show that this apparatus provides an excellent platform to study the long-term durability of building joint sealants.

  6. Comparative evaluation of the microhardness of 4 dental sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bevilacqua, L; Sossi, A; Cadenaro, M; Di Lenarda, R

    2007-12-01

    Aim of this study was the evaluation of the microhardness of 4 dental sealants polymerised with two different curing units. Twenty samples (5 x 5x 2 mm) were prepared with 4 different sealants; 10 samples for each group were polymerised with a plasma curing unit (Apollo 95 E DMD) and 10 with a halogen curing light (Heliolux DLX Vivadent ETS, Schaan, Liechtenstein). For each section 6 Vickers microhardness measurements were performed (VMHT 30A, Leica Wien, Austria), 3 on the surface exposed to the light and 3 on the opposite surface. After the baseline assessment all samples were stored in artificial saliva at 37 degrees C for 30, 60, 90, 180 and 360 days, and then analysed again with the microhardness indenter and observed under steromicroscope 10X (Leica DM2500 Wien, Austria). Data were then statistically analysed. The hybrid composite Tetric flow (group IV) showed the higher microhardness values compared to the other tested materials (group I, II, III); surfaces exposed to curing light showed higher microhardness values than opposite surfaces. Moreover, a significant microhardness reduction was observed after 30 days; values remained unmodified after 60, 90, 180 and 360 days. Data were then statistically analysed with Anova test for repeated measures, with a global significance level of 0.05. Because of the good mechanical properties of dental sealants they represent the first choice materials in pits and fissures sealing.

  7. Pit and fissure sealants for preventing dental decay in the permanent teeth of children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahovuo-Saloranta, Anneli; Hiiri, Anne; Nordblad, Anne; Mäkelä, Marjukka; Worthington, Helen V

    2008-10-08

    Although pit and fissure sealants are effective in preventing caries, their efficacy may be related to the caries prevalence in the population. The primary objective of this review was to evaluate the caries prevention of pit and fissure sealants in children and adolescents. We searched the Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2007, Issue 3) and MEDLINE (to October 2007); EMBASE (to June 2007); SCISEARCH, CAplus, INSPEC, NTIS, PASCAL, DARE, NHS EED and HTA (to February 2008). There were no language or publication restrictions. Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials of at least 12 months in duration comparing sealants with no sealant or sealants from different classes of materials for preventing occlusal caries in children and adolescents under 20 years. The primary outcome was the increment in the numbers of carious occlusal surfaces of premolars and molars. Two review authors independently screened search results, extracted data and quality assessed trials. Risk ratios (RR) were calculated for differences between intervention and control groups and in split-mouth studies for differences of paired tooth surfaces being carious or not. The meta-analyses were conducted using a random-effects model. Sixteen studies were included in the review; 7 studies provided data for comparison of sealant versus control without sealant and 10 studies for comparison of sealant versus sealant. Five split-mouth studies and one parallel group study with 5 to 10 year old children found a significant difference in favour of second or third generation resin-based sealants on first permanent molars, compared to a control without sealant, with a pooled RR of 0.13 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.09 to 0.20), 0.22 (95% CI 0.15 to 0.34), 0.30 (95% CI 0.22 to 0.40), and 0.40 (95% CI 0.31 to 0.51) at 12, 24, 36 and 48-54 months follow up, respectively. Further, one of those studies with 9 years of follow up found significantly more caries in the

  8. Use of local pro-coagulant haemostatic agents for intra-cavity control of haemorrhage after trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, A; Brooks, A

    2015-10-01

    Uncontrolled haemorrhage as a result of trauma remains a significant surgical challenge, accounting for approximately 25-40% of trauma-related mortality. A wide range of local internal haemostatic agents have been developed to help achieve intra-cavity control of bleeding, with choice of agent influenced by the circumstances and nature of the haemorrhage. Trauma patients are frequently coagulopathic, so products that incorporate pro-coagulant technology and thereby act independently of the clotting cascade may be more effective in these settings. A range of products that utilise thrombin and fibrinogen to promote local haemostasis at intra-cavity bleeding points are available or in development, including fibrin glues (e.g. Tisseel®/Tissucol® and Evicel®/Crosseal®/Quixil®), fibrin sealant patches (e.g. TachoSil®) and products based on a gelatin-thrombin haemostatic matrix (e.g. FloSeal®). This systematic review was performed to assess all peer-reviewed evidence of product efficacy. Fibrin sealant patches have shown haemostatic efficacy in a variety of surgical procedures and appear to offer practical advantages over liquid fibrin glues. Existing evidence suggests that patch products enable delivery of pro-coagulants to defined areas with less chance of dilution and/or displacement by blood flow, but they require a pressure buttress for a suitable amount of time to achieve good results after trauma. Our experience, supported by other reports in the literature, suggests the use of such fibrin patches may provide an effective option in helping to control haemorrhage after trauma. However, there is a general paucity of clinical data for intra-cavity haemostatic agent use, with the majority of data being based on animal models and case reports. Further clinical evidence, ideally including comparative studies between different agents, would be beneficial in helping guide surgeon choice to the most appropriate products to use in trauma settings.

  9. Comparison of Microleakage and Penetration Depth between Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic Sealants in Primary Second Molar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gawali, Pritesh N; Chaugule, Vishwas B; Panse, Amey M

    2016-01-01

    Optimal pit and fissure sealing is determined by surface preparation techniques and choice of materials. The performance of pit and fissure sealant materials has been intensively investigated, yet no single product is reported as an ideal sealant. In children, moisture control during cavity preparation is always a big challenge, and hence, hydrophilic sealants have been developed. To compare the microleakage and penetration depth of hydrophilic and hydrophobic sealants using acid-etching on dry and moist surfaces. Recently, extracted 28 2nd primary molars are assigned to two groups (hydrophobic group I; hydrophilic group II) depending on the surface condition (dry group: A1 and B1; moist group: A2 and B2) of 7 teeth in each group. Samples from group A1 and B1 are cleaned and dried with a 3-way syringe and etched with etching gel, and sealant is applied to the fissures and cured with visible light. Sample from A2 and B2 are immersed in 0.1 mL of fresh whole human saliva for 20 seconds and dried using a pellet cotton, and the same procedure is carried out. All samples are subjected to 1000 thermal cycles and sectioned to compare the depth of penetration and microleakage. Sections will be examined under light microscope and analyzed using an image analysis software (SigmaScan). The least microleakage was seen with hydrophilic sealant under moist surface condition, and the depth of penetration of hydrophobic sealant was found to be better than that of hydrophilic sealant in both dry and moist surface conditions. Hydrophilic pit and fissure sealants showed higher tolerance to saliva contamination with less microleakage, but in terms of penetration ability hydrophobic sealants were found to be superior. Gawali PN, Chaugule VB, Panse AM. Comparison of Microleakage and Penetration Depth between Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic Sealants in Primary Second Molar. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(4):291-295.

  10. Monitoring of sound and carious surfaces under sealants over 44 months.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontana, M; Platt, J A; Eckert, G J; González-Cabezas, C; Yoder, K; Zero, D T; Ando, M; Soto-Rojas, A E; Peters, M C

    2014-11-01

    Although there is strong evidence for the effectiveness of sealants, one major barrier in sealant utilization is the concern of sealing over active caries lesions. This study evaluated detection and monitoring of caries lesions through a clear sealant over 44 mo. Sixty-four 7- to 10-year-old children with at least 2 permanent molars with International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) scores 0-4 (and caries less than halfway through the dentin, radiographically) were examined with ICDAS, DIAGNOdent, and quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) before sealant placement and 1, 12, 24, and 44 mo (except QLF) after. Bitewing radiographs were taken yearly. DIAGNOdent and QLF were able to distinguish between baseline ICDAS before and after sealant placement. There was no significant evidence of ICDAS progression at 12 mo, but there was small evidence of minor increases at 24 and 44 mo (14% and 14%, respectively) with only 2% ICDAS ≥ 5. Additionally, there was little evidence of radiographic progression (at 12 mo = 1%, 24 mo = 3%, and 44 mo = 9%). Sealant retention rates were excellent at 12 mo = 89%, 24 mo = 78%, and 44 mo = 70%. The small risk of sealant repair increased significantly as baseline ICDAS, DIAGNOdent, and QLF values increased. However, regardless of lesion severity, sealants were 100% effective at 12 mo and 98% effective over 44 mo in managing occlusal surfaces at ICDAS 0-4 (i.e., only 4 of 228 teeth progressed to ICDAS ≥ 5 associated with sealants in need of repair and none to halfway or more through the dentin, radiographically). This study suggests that occlusal surfaces without frank cavitation (ICDAS 0-4) that are sealed with a clear sealant can be monitored with ICDAS, QLF, or DIAGNOdent, which may aid in predicting the need for sealant repair. © International & American Associations for Dental Research.

  11. Potential inhibition of demineralization in vitro by fluoride-releasing sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salar, David V; García-Godoy, Franklin; Flaitz, Catherine M; Hicks, M John

    2007-04-01

    The incorporation of fluoride into sealants has been viewed as a viable way to prevent pit-and-fissure caries by potential inhibition of demineralization through the release of fluoride to enamel. The authors conducted a study to examine the effect of a recently introduced fluoride-releasing sealant (ProSeal, Reliance Orthodontic Products, Itasca, Ill.) on enamel demineralization in an in vitro artificial caries system. The authors randomly assigned 45 extracted human third molars to three treatment groups receiving either conventional sealant without fluoride (Group 1), fluoride-releasing sealant (Group 2) or glass ionomer sealant with high fluoride release (Group 3). They placed cavity preparations on the buccal surfaces of the molars and filled them with the assigned material. They placed acid-resistant varnish on the specimens' enamel surfaces to within 1 millimeter of the sealant, leaving a 1-mm rim of sound enamel available for in vitro enamel caries formation. They thermocycled the teeth (500 cycles) in artificial saliva. They subjected the teeth to an in vitro artificial caries challenge for six weeks to produce caries-like lesions in enamel adjacent to the sealant materials. The authors took longitudinal sections from each tooth, immersed them in water and examined them via polarized light microscopy to determine wall lesion frequencies. The mean (+/- standard deviation) lesion depths were 232 +/- 17 micrometers for Group 1, 144 +/- 21 mum for Group 2 and 128 +/- 15 mum for Group 3. The wall lesion frequency was 12 percent for Group 1 and 7 percent for both Groups 2 and 3. There was a significant difference (P sealant substantially reduces the amount of enamel demineralization adjacent to the material. ProSeal provided increased demineralization inhibition compared with a conventional sealant containing no fluoride, but less than that shown by a glass ionomer sealant. ProSeal's physical properties and cariostatic effects may allow for applications beyond

  12. Platelet rich fibrin in jaw defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nica, Diana; Ianes, Emilia; Pricop, Marius

    2016-03-01

    Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is a tissue product of autologous origin abundant in growth factors, widely used in regenerative procedures. Aim of the study: Evaluation of the regenerative effect of PRF added in the bony defects (after tooth removal or after cystectomy) Material and methods: The comparative nonrandomized study included 22 patients divided into 2 groups. The first group (the test group) included 10 patients where the bony defects were treated without any harvesting material. The second group included 12 patients where the bony defects were filled with PRF. The bony defect design was not critical, with one to two walls missing. After the surgeries, a close clinically monitoring was carried out. The selected cases were investigated using both cone beam computer tomography (CBCT) and radiographic techniques after 10 weeks postoperatively. Results: Faster bone regeneration was observed in the bony defects filled with PRF comparing with the not grafted bony defects. Conclusions: PRF added in the bony defects accelerates the bone regeneration. This simplifies the surgical procedures and decreases the economic costs.

  13. Caries preventive effect of occlusal sealant extension to ART restorations compared with non-extended amalgam restorations.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frencken, J.E.F.M.; Hof, M.A. van 't; Taifour, D.

    2007-01-01

    PURPOSE: To estimate the survival of retention of sealant extension to occlusal ART restorations over 6.3 years; and to test the null-hypothesis that there is no difference in dentine caries lesion development in sealant extension to ART restorations in comparison with sealant free extensions to

  14. Effect of Adhesive Application on Sealant Success: A Clinical Study of Fifth and Seventh Generation Adhesive Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaibhav Tandon

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare the effect of fifth and seventh generation bonding agent on sealant success.Materials and Methods: Sixty-four school children aged six to nine years received sealants in four permanent molars in a split mouth design, such that each patient received sealant in the first permanent molar with fifth generation bonding agent in one arch and seventh generation bonding agent in the other arch; contra-lateral molars were sealed with sealant alone. The evaluation was carried out at baseline, three months, six months and 12 months, according to the criteria by Feigal et al, in 2000. Chi- square test was used to analyze data at P<0.05 level of significance.Results: Statistically significant differences were found for sealant retention between fifth generation and sealant group, and fifth generation and seventh generation groups; whereas, no significant difference was found for sealant retention between seventh generation and sealant group at three, six and 12 months.Conclusion: As separate etch and rinse steps are not required for seventh generation bonding agents, and almost similar results were obtained for both sealant and seventh generation groups, it can be concluded that application of sealant along with a seventh generation bonding agent may enhance sealant success and can be used for caries prevention in preventive programs.Key words:  Pit and Fissure Sealants; Dental Caries; Adhesives

  15. Effect of One Percent Chlorhexidine Addition on the Antibacterial Activity and Mechanical Properties of Sealants: An in vitro Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanmugaavel, Arunachalam Karthikeyan; Asokan, Sharath; John, J Baby; Priya, Pr Geetha; Devi, Jagadeesan Gnana

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of addition of 1% chlorhexidine digluconate solution on the antibacterial activity and mechanical properties of glass ionomer and resin based sealant. Conventional glass ionomer sealant (GIS) (Fuji VII, Japan) and resin sealant (Clinpro 3M ESPE, USA) were used in this study. Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) (20%) liquid was added to both the sealants, and the concentration of chlorhexidine in sealants was adjusted to 1%. The sealants were divided into four groups as: group A (GIS), group B (GIS + 1% CHX), group C (resin sealant), group D (resin sealant + 1% CHX). Five cylindrical specimens were prepared in each group. Their antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus, and their mechanical properties (compressive strength and diametrical tensile strength) were assessed. Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used appropriately for statistical analysis (SPSS version 19). Addition of one percent chlorhexidine significantly increased the antibacterial activity of both the sealants. There was a significant difference between groups A and B (p one percent chlorhexidine to the glass ionomer and resin based sealants provided sufficient antibacterial activity, without significantly affecting the mechanical property of the sealants. How to cite this article: Shanmugaavel AK, Asokan S, John JB, Geetha Priya PR, Gnana Devi J. Effect of one percent Chlorhexidine Addition on the Antibacterial Activity and Mechanical Properties of Sealants: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):196-201.

  16. Pit and fissure sealants for preventing dental decay in permanent teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahovuo-Saloranta, Anneli; Forss, Helena; Walsh, Tanya; Nordblad, Anne; Mäkelä, Marjukka; Worthington, Helen V

    2017-07-31

    Dental sealants were introduced in the 1960s to help prevent dental caries, mainly in the pits and fissures of occlusal tooth surfaces. Sealants act to prevent bacteria growth that can lead to dental decay. Evidence suggests that fissure sealants are effective in preventing caries in children and adolescents compared to no sealants. Effectiveness may, however, be related to caries incidence level of the population. This is an update of a review published in 2004, 2008 and 2013. To compare the effects of different types of fissure sealants in preventing caries in occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth in children and adolescents. Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 3 August 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 7), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 3 August 2016), and Embase Ovid (1980 to 3 August 2016). We searched ClinicalTrials.gov and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform for ongoing trials to 3 August 2016. No restrictions were placed on language or date of publication. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing sealants with no sealant or a different type of sealant material for preventing caries of occlusal surfaces of premolar or molar teeth in children and adolescents aged up to 20 years. Studies required at least 12 months follow-up. We excluded studies that compared compomers to resins/composites. Two review authors independently screened search results, extracted data and assessed risk of bias of included studies. We presented outcomes for caries or no caries on occlusal surfaces of permanent molar teeth as odds ratio (OR) or risk ratio (RR). We used mean difference (MD) for mean caries increment. All measures were presented with 95% confidence intervals (CI). We conducted meta-analyses using a random-effects model for comparisons where there were more than three trials; otherwise we used the fixed

  17. Fluoride release and recharging ability of new dental sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dionysopoulos, D; Sfeikos, T; Tolidis, K

    2016-02-01

    This in vitro investigation was to evaluate the fluoride release and recharge abilities of three recently introduced dental fissure sealants (FS). Three dental FS were assessed: Teethmate F-1 (Kuraray), Fissurit F (Voco), BeautiSealant (Shofu), and a conventional glass ionomer cement FX-II (Shofu) as a control. Eight cylindrical specimens (7 × 2 mm) of each material were made and immersed individually in 5 ml de-ionized water in plastic containers. Fluoride release of the tested materials was evaluated during the experimental period (28 days) utilising a fluoride ion-selective electrode. At the end of the test period, the specimens were soaked for 5 min in a fluoride solution (0.05 % NaF) and fluoride release was evaluated for the next 5 days. The data were statistically analysed using one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test and the level of significance was preset at α = 0.05. The total fluoride release over the 28-day period for each material was: FX-II (408.6 ± 45.66 μg/cm(2)) > Teethmate F-1 (89.45 ± 12.32 μg/cm(2)) > Fissurit F (68.62 ± 8.72 μg/cm(2)) > BeautiSealant (33.32 ± 4.91 μg/cm(2)), (p  Teethmate F-1 (9.76 ± 1.62 μg/cm(2)) > BeautiSealant (5.69 ± 0.89 μg/cm(2)) > Fissurit F (4.76 ± 0.72 μg/cm(2)), (p sealants exhibited different capabilities to release and uptake fluoride ions after re-fluoridation but significantly lower than the glass ionomer tested.

  18. Foam-like compression behavior of fibrin networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Xiaojun; Kim, Oleg; Litvinov, Rustem; Weisel, John; Alber, Mark; Purohit, Prashant

    The rheological properties of fibrin networks have been of long-standing interest, especially shear and tensile responses. Their compressive behavior, however, remains unexplored. We show that the compressive behavior of fibrin networks consists of three regimes: 1) an initial linear regime, in which most fibers are straight, 2) a plateau regime, in which more and more fibers buckle and collapse, and 3) a markedly non-linear regime, in which network densification occurs by bending of buckled fibers and inter-fiber contacts. Importantly, the spatially non-uniform network deformation included formation of a moving ``phase boundary'' along the axis of strain, which segregated the fibrin network into two phases with different fiber densities and structure. The Young's modulus of the linear phase depends quadratically on the fibrin volume fraction while that in the densified phase depends cubically on it. The viscoelastic plateau regime corresponds to a change of volume fraction in mixture of these two phases. We model this regime using a continuum theory of phase transitions and analytically predict the storage and loss moduli. We show they are in good agreement with the experimental data. Our work shows that fibrin networks are a member of a broad class of natural cellular materials.

  19. [Ultrastructural differences of fibrin coagulation before and after cardiovascular arrest].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Böhm, E; Jacob, B

    1987-01-01

    The reconstruction of killing offences often requires the differentiation between vital and postmortal blood traces at the sites of action and finding. Earlier investigations seemed to imply the possibility of such a differentiation depending on the different clot structure. We therefore examined clots prior and after 10 minutes of complete occlusion of the upper extremity morphologically and morphometrically with the REM. The morphologic comparison of these clots revealed narrow, round shaped fibrin fiber networks for clots of native blood, whereas clots after occlusion showed linear, rarely connected long fibrin fibers. The morphometry of the fibrin free spaces revealed a significant enlargement of the single fibrin free spaces as well as of the total fibrin free space after occlusion. For capillary blood a significant decrease in fiber diameter was observed after occlusion. The examination of clinical clotting parameters revealed alterations of thrombocyte aggregation for the collagen induction, a slightly reduced thrombocyte retention and slightly steeper flanks in the thromboelastogram after occlusion. The reason for these changes was interpreted as lack of high energetic phosphates in the retraction process as the clotting cascade itself requires a very high amount of these phosphates. Use of these results in the forensic practice will have to take factors as temperature, drying out, surface-structure and many others into account.

  20. Clinical observation on fibrin glue application during pterygium surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qi-Feng Lei

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To observe the clinical results of pterygium excision combined with conjunctival autograft transplantation using fibrin glue.METHODS: A total of 60 patients(60 eyeswith primary nasal pterygium were randomly divided into two groups: the fibrin glue group(experimental group, 30 eyesand suture group(control group, 30 eyes. All patients underwent pterygium excision combined with conjunctival autograft transplantation. In the experimental group autograft was attached to sclera with fibrin glue while in control group 10-0 polyamide was used. The patients were followed up for 6mo. The time of operation, post operation comfort, complications and recurrence were evaluated. RESULTS:The average surgical time was 24.5±6.5min with fibrin glue group while 35.2±5.4min with suture group, with statistically significant difference between two groups(PPPCONCLUSION:It's a safe and effective way to attach conjunctival autograft during pterygium surgery by fibrin glue. It can reduce surgical time, postoperative complications and relieve postoperative discomfort.

  1. Effect of collagen sponge and fibrin glue on bone repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    SANTOS, Thiago de Santana; ABUNA, Rodrigo Paolo Flores; de ALMEIDA, Adriana Luisa Gonçalves; BELOTI, Marcio Mateus; ROSA, Adalberto Luiz

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT The ability of hemostatic agents to promote bone repair has been investigated using in vitro and in vivo models but, up to now, the results are inconclusive. Objective In this context, the aim of this study was to compare the potential of bone repair of collagen sponge with fibrin glue in a rat calvarial defect model. Material and Methods Defects of 5 mm in diameter were created in rat calvariae and treated with either collagen sponge or fibrin glue; untreated defects were used as control. At 4 and 8 weeks, histological analysis and micro-CT-based histomorphometry were carried out and data were compared by two-way ANOVA followed by Student-Newman-Keuls test when appropriated (p≤0.05). Results Three-dimensional reconstructions showed increased bone formation in defects treated with either collagen sponge or fibrin glue compared with untreated defects, which was confirmed by the histological analysis. Morphometric parameters indicated the progression of bone formation from 4 to 8 weeks. Additionally, fibrin glue displayed slightly higher bone formation rate when compared with collagen sponge. Conclusion Our results have shown the benefits of using collagen sponge and fibrin glue to promote new bone formation in rat calvarial bone defects, the latter being discreetly more advantageous. PMID:26814464

  2. Effectiveness of two new types of sealants: retention after 2 years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chen, X.; Du, M.; Fan, M.; Mulder, J.; Huysmans, M.C.; Frencken, J.E.

    2012-01-01

    The hypotheses tested were: survival rate of fully and partially retained glass-carbomer sealants is higher than those of high-viscosity glass-ionomer, with and without energy supplied, and that of resin composite; survival rate of fully and partially retained sealants of high-viscosity

  3. Effect of pit and fissure sealants on caries detection by a fluorescent camera system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markowitz, Kenneth; Rosenfeld, Dalia; Peikes, Daniel; Guzy, Gerald; Rosivack, Glenn

    2013-07-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of sealant placement on the detection of caries by a fluorescent camera (FC), the Spectra caries detector. In a laboratory study, FC images and readings were obtained from 31 extracted teeth, before and following application of clear sealants (Shofu Clear or Delton unfilled), or opaque sealants (3M Clinpro or Delton FS). Teeth were then sectioned and examined for enamel or dentine caries. Using each tooth's true caries diagnosis, the sensitivity and specificity of the FC measurements in detecting dentine caries was calculated. In the clinical study, FC readings were obtained from 41 molars in children prior to and following application of clear sealants. Following application of Shofu or Delton unfilled there were reductions in the mean FC readings of 10% (p=0.5) and 8.2% (p=0.009), respectively. Application of two opaque sealants, 3M or Delton FS significantly reduced mean FC readings 16.2% and 20.8% (psealants there was a significant loss of sensitivity in detecting dentinal caries. Clear sealant application caused an insignificant loss of detection sensitivity. Following application of clear sealants to children's molars there was a small (4.01%) but significant (psealants with little loss of sensitivity. Although lesions can be seen through opaque sealants, loss of sensitivity precludes accurate lesion assessment. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Current Status of Hemostatic Agents and Sealants in Urologic Surgical Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kommu, Sashi S; McArthur, Robert; Emara, Amr M; Reddy, Utsav D; Anderson, Christopher J; Barber, Neil J; Persad, Raj A; Eden, Christopher G

    2015-01-01

    There has been a recent and near exponential increase in the use of hemostatic agents and sealants to supplement the rapidly evolving methods in the surgical management of urologic patients. This article reviews the use of hemostatic agents and sealants in current urologic practice. PMID:26543429

  5. Sealants in dentistry: outcomes of the ORCA saturday afternoon symposium 2007

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Splieth, C.H.; Ekstrand, K.R.; Alkilzy, M.; Clarkson, J.; Meyer-Lueckel, H.; Martignon, S.; Paris, S.; Pitts, N.B.; Rickets, D.N.; van Loveren, C.

    2010-01-01

    Sealants are a successful tool in caries prevention, but their role in preventive strategies after the caries decline has to be discussed. A survey of paediatric departments across Europe revealed that indications for pit and fissure sealants vary considerably, both nationally and internationally.

  6. Sealants in dentistry: outcomes of the ORCA Saturday Afternoon Symposium 2007

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Splieth, C H; Ekstrand, K R; Alkilzy, M

    2009-01-01

    Sealants are a successful tool in caries prevention, but their role in preventive strategies after the caries decline has to be discussed. A survey of paediatric departments across Europe revealed that indications for pit and fissure sealants vary considerably, both nationally and internationally...

  7. Preventing dental caries through school-based sealant programs: updated recommendations and reviews of evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gooch, Barbara F; Griffin, Susan O; Gray, Shellie Kolavic; Kohn, William G; Rozier, R Gary; Siegal, Mark; Fontana, Margherita; Brunson, Diane; Carter, Nancy; Curtis, David K; Donly, Kevin J; Haering, Harold; Hill, Lawrence F; Hinson, H Pitts; Kumar, Jayanth; Lampiris, Lewis; Mallatt, Mark; Meyer, Daniel M; Miller, Wanda R; Sanzi-Schaedel, Susan M; Simonsen, Richard; Truman, Benedict I; Zero, Domenick T

    2009-11-01

    School-based sealant programs (SBSPs) increase sealant use and reduce caries. Programs target schools that serve children from low-income families and focus on sealing newly erupted permanent molars. In 2004 and 2005, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, sponsored meetings of an expert work group to update recommendations for sealant use in SBSPs on the basis of available evidence regarding the effectiveness of sealants on sound and carious pit and fissure surfaces, caries assessment and selected sealant placement techniques, and the risk of caries' developing in sealed teeth among children who might be lost to follow-up. The work group also identified topics for which additional evidence review was needed. The work group used systematic reviews when available. Since 2005, staff members at CDC and subject-matter experts conducted several independent analyses of topics for which no reviews existed. These reviews include a systematic review of the effectiveness of sealants in managing caries. The evidence supports recommendations to seal sound surfaces and noncavitated lesions, to use visual assessment to detect surface cavitation, to use a toothbrush or handpiece prophylaxis to clean tooth surfaces, and to provide sealants to children even if follow-up cannot be ensured. These recommendations are consistent with the current state of the science and provide appropriate guidance for sealant use in SBSPs. This report also may increase practitioners' awareness of the SBSP as an important and effective public health approach that complements clinical care.

  8. Caries detection methods : Can they aid decision making for invasive sealant treatment?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pereira, AC; Verdonschot, EH; Huysmans, M

    2001-01-01

    The decision to place sealants is a difficult one, and it has been suggested that in a low risk population it may be efficient to wait until caries is detected in the fissure. An invasive sealant technique with fissure preparation may then be indicated. The diagnostic method used in the indication

  9. The effect of bonding agents on the microleakage of sealant following contamination with saliva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Askarizadeh Nahid

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Aims : An issue of concern in dentistry is the inadequacy of adhesion and proper sealing following restoration of a tooth, which can lead to marginal leakage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a bonding agent on the microleakage of a sealant material following contamination with saliva. Materials and Methods : In this experimental research, 48 sound premolars were divided into two groups. The first group received sealant without bonding and the other group was given sealant with bonding. After prophylaxis, the occlusal surfaces were etched with 37% phosphoric acid gel and the teeth were then placed in fresh human saliva for l0 s. Following this, in the first group fissure sealant (Kerr was applied directly and cured; for the second group sealant was placed and cured after bonding (Single Bond; 3M. All samples were thermocycled (500 cycles; between 5°C and 55°C; dwell time of 30 s. Silver nitrate was used as the leakage tracer. The teeth were sectioned. Microleakage evaluation was made by stereomicroscope at 40x magnification and the results were evaluated with the Mann-Whitney U test. Results : In the group that received sealant without bonding extensive microleakage was seen; placement of sealant with bonding significantly reduced microleakage. Conclusion : In the presence of contamination with saliva, use of bonding under the fissure sealant can reduce microleakage

  10. Design, development, and testing of a hybrid in situ testing device for building joint sealant

    Science.gov (United States)

    C. White; N. Embree; C. Buch; R.S. Williams

    2005-01-01

    The testing of sealant samples has been restricted to devices that either focus on fatiguing multiple samples or quantifying the mechanical properties of a single sample. This manuscript describes a device that combines these two instrumental designs: the ability to both fatigue and characterize multiple sealant samples at the same time. This device employs precise...

  11. Pit and fissure sealants in dental public health – application criteria and general policy in Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kervanto-Seppälä, Sari; Pietilä, Ilpo; Meurman, Jukka H; Kerosuo, Eero

    2009-01-01

    Background Pit and fissure sealants (sealants) are widely used as a non-operative preventive method in public dental health in Finland. Most children under 19 years of age attend the community-organized dental health services free of charge. The aims of this study were to find out to what extent sealants were applied, what the attitudes of dental professionals towards sealant application were, and whether any existing sealant policies could be detected among the health centres or among the respondents in general. The study evaluated changes that had taken place in the policies used during a ten year period (1991–2001). Methods A questionnaire was mailed to each chief dental officer (CDO) of the 265 public dental health centres in Finland, and to a group of general dentists (GDP) applying sealants in these health centres, giving a total of 434 questionnaires with 22 questions. The response rate was 80% (N = 342). Results A majority of the respondents reported to application of sealants on a systematic basis for children with increased caries risk. The criteria for applying sealants and the actual strategies seemed to vary locally between the dentists within the health centres and between the health centres nationwide. The majority of respondents believed sealants had short- and long-term effects. The overall use of sealants decreased towards the end of the ten year period. The health centres (N = 28) choosing criteria to seal over detected or suspected enamel caries lesion had a DMFT value of 1.0 (SD ± 0.49) at age 12 (year 2000) compared to a value of 1.2 (SD ± 0.47) for those health centres (N = 177) applying sealants by alternative criteria (t-test, p sealant application criteria and policy both locally and nationwide. Occlusal caries management may be improved by shifting the sealant policy from the traditional approach of prevention to interception, i.e. applying the sealants over detected or suspected enamel caries lesions instead of sealing sound teeth

  12. Pit and fissure sealants in dental public health – application criteria and general policy in Finland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meurman Jukka H

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pit and fissure sealants (sealants are widely used as a non-operative preventive method in public dental health in Finland. Most children under 19 years of age attend the community-organized dental health services free of charge. The aims of this study were to find out to what extent sealants were applied, what the attitudes of dental professionals towards sealant application were, and whether any existing sealant policies could be detected among the health centres or among the respondents in general. The study evaluated changes that had taken place in the policies used during a ten year period (1991–2001. Methods A questionnaire was mailed to each chief dental officer (CDO of the 265 public dental health centres in Finland, and to a group of general dentists (GDP applying sealants in these health centres, giving a total of 434 questionnaires with 22 questions. The response rate was 80% (N = 342. Results A majority of the respondents reported to application of sealants on a systematic basis for children with increased caries risk. The criteria for applying sealants and the actual strategies seemed to vary locally between the dentists within the health centres and between the health centres nationwide. The majority of respondents believed sealants had short- and long-term effects. The overall use of sealants decreased towards the end of the ten year period. The health centres (N = 28 choosing criteria to seal over detected or suspected enamel caries lesion had a DMFT value of 1.0 (SD ± 0.49 at age 12 (year 2000 compared to a value of 1.2 (SD ± 0.47 for those health centres (N = 177 applying sealants by alternative criteria (t-test, p Conclusion There seems to be a need for defined guidelines for sealant application criteria and policy both locally and nationwide. Occlusal caries management may be improved by shifting the sealant policy from the traditional approach of prevention to interception, i.e. applying the sealants

  13. Clinical Evaluation of the Retention of Different Pit and Fissure Sealants: A 1-Year Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumaran, Parvathy

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the retention of different pit and fissure sealants on the first permanent molars over a period of one year. Materials and methods: In this study, a total of 40 children with all first permanent molars erupted received four different pit and fissure sealants. The children were evaluated at 6 and 12 months. Results: The data was subjected to Chi-square test and Kaplan Meier survival analysis. The p-value was calculated using Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test. Conclusion: The retention rates of resin-based sealants were superior to that of glass ionomer sealant. How to cite this article: Kumaran P. Clinical Evaluation of the Retention of Different Pit and Fissure Sealants: A 1-Year Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(3):183-187. PMID:25206219

  14. Fibrin network pattern changes of platelet-rich fibrin in young versus old age group of individuals: A cell block cytology study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shravanthi Raghav Yajamanya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: To evaluate variations in fibrin network patterns of the platelet-rich fibrin (PRF in different age groups. Materials and Methods: Ninety-five patients were divided into three age groups: Group 1: (20–39 years; Group 2: (40–59 years; and Group 3: (60 years and above. PRF was prepared from blood samples of all patients and were subjected to cell block cytology method of histological analysis and slides were prepared to histologically assess the age-related changes in (i fibrin network patterns in terms of density and (ii entrapment of platelets and white blood cells (WBCs within fibrin meshwork. Results: Two types of fibrin network pattern arrangements noticed: Dense and loose types in three age groups. However, there was a noticeable decrease in the dense type of fibrin network with progressing age and increase in the loose type of fibrin arrangement. Furthermore, variation in a number of platelets and WBCs entrapped within fibrin network in relation to age was noticed. Conclusion: From the current study it can be concluded that age can be considered as one of the influencing factors on quality of PRF in terms of fibrin network patterns and hence, platelet and WBCs entrapment within these fibrin networks.

  15. Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-mediated angiogenesis in a fibrin-collagen matrix

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Collen, A.; Hanemaaijer, R.; Lupu, F.; Quax, P.H.A.; Lent, N. van; Grimbergen, J.; Peters, E.; Koolwijk, P.; Hinsbergh, V.W.M. van

    2003-01-01

    Adult angiogenesis, associated with pathologic conditions, is often accompanied by the formation of a fibrinous exudate. This temporary matrix consists mainly of fibrin but is intermingled with plasma proteins and collagen fibers. The formation of capillary structures in a fibrinous matrix in vivo

  16. Computational imaging analysis of glycated fibrin gels reveals aggregated and anisotropic structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, David G; Fan, Natalie K; Goudie, Marcus J; Handa, Hitesh; Platt, Manu O; Averett, Rodney D

    2017-08-01

    In this article, a computational imaging analysis method is presented for the evaluation of aggregation and anisotropy in both native (unglycated) and glycated fibrin matrix structures. The imaging analysis was used to test the hypothesis that glycated fibrin structures are more aggregated and anisotropic than unglycated (native) fibrin structures. Glycation of fibrinogen, and subsequently fibrin, occurs under normal physiological conditions; however, excess glycation due to disease states such as diabetes can disrupt the fibrin matrix and cause an abnormal structure and function. Studies that elucidate morphological changes in glucose incubated fibrin matrices are necessary to better understand thrombosis, which occurs due to hypercoagulable conditions. In this study, imaging algorithms were designed for the determination of aggregation of fibrin fibers within a matrix as well as preferential orientation (anisotropy) due to glycation. The results showed that glycated fibrin structures displayed an overall higher degree of aggregation and anisotropy as compared to unglycated fibrin structures. However, for glycated fibrin matrices that were polymerized utilizing extended incubation periods representative of physiological plasma glucose conditions, the results showed that fibrin aggregation and anisotropy decreased when compared to unglycated matrices. The algorithms showed that incorporation of the crosslinking agent FXIII into the fibrin matrix was shown to decrease both aggregation and anisotropy. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 105A: 2191-2198, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Histological effects of fibrin glue on nervous tissue: a safety study in rats.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, J. de; Menovsky, T.; Gulik, S. van; Wesseling, P.

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Little is known of the histologic effects of fibrin glue on normal nervous tissue. To verify the safety of intracranial application of fibrin glue, we investigated the histologic effects of fibrin glue on brain tissue and intracranial nerves of rats. METHODS: In Group I (n =12),

  18. Identification of quantitative trait loci for fibrin clot phenotypes: the EuroCLOT study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Williams, Frances M K; Carter, Angela M; Kato, Bernet

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Fibrin makes up the structural basis of an occlusive arterial thrombus, and variability in fibrin phenotype relates to cardiovascular risk. The aims of the current study from the EU consortium EuroCLOT were to (1) determine the heritability of fibrin phenotypes and (2) identify QTLs as...

  19. Fibrin self-assembly is adapted to oxidation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Mark A; Bychkova, Anna V; Shchegolikhin, Alexander N; Leonova, Vera B; Kostanova, Elizaveta A; Biryukova, Marina I; Sultimova, Natalia B; Konstantinova, Marina L

    2016-06-01

    Fibrinogen is extremely susceptible to attack by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Having been suffered an oxidative modification, the fibrinogen molecules, now with altered spatial structure and function of fibrin network, affect hemostasis differently. However, the potential effects of the oxidative stress on the early stages of the fibrin self-assembly process remain unexplored. To clarify the damaging influence of ROS on the knob 'A': hole 'a' and the D:D interactions, the both are operating on the early stages of the fibrin polymerization, we have used a novel approach based on exploration of FXIIIa-mediated self-assembly of the cross-linked fibrin oligomers dissolved in the moderately concentrated urea solutions. The oligomers were composed of monomeric desA fibrin molecules created by cleaving the fibrinopeptides A off the fibrinogen molecules with a thrombin-like enzyme, reptilase. According to the UV-absorbance and fluorescence measurements data, the employed low ozone/fibrinogen ratios have induced only a slight fibrinogen oxidative modification that was accompanied by modest chemical transformations of the aromatic amino acid residues of the protein. Else, a slight consumption of the accessible tyrosine residues has been observed due to intermolecular dityrosine cross-links formation. The set of experimental data gathered with the aid of electrophoresis, elastic light scattering and analytical centrifugation has clearly witnessed that the oxidation can serve as an effective promoter for the observed enhanced self-assembly of the covalently cross-linked oligomers. At urea concentration of 1.20M, the pristine and oxidized fibrin oligomers were found to comprise a heterogeneous set of the double-stranded protofibrils that are cross-linked only by γ-γ dimers and the fibers consisting on average of four strands that are additionally linked by α polymers. The amounts of the oxidized protofibrils and the fibers accumulated in the system were higher than those

  20. Characterization of Leukocyte-platelet Rich Fibrin, A Novel Biomaterial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madurantakam, Parthasarathy; Yoganarasimha, Suyog; Hasan, Fadi K

    2015-09-29

    Autologous platelet concentrates represent promising innovative tools in the field of regenerative medicine and have been extensively used in oral surgery. Unlike platelet rich plasma (PRP) that is a gel or a suspension, Leukocyte-Platelet Rich Fibrin (L-PRF) is a solid 3D fibrin membrane generated chair-side from whole blood containing no anti-coagulant. The membrane has a dense three dimensional fibrin matrix with enriched platelets and abundant growth factors. L-PRF is a popular adjunct in surgeries because of its superior handling characteristics as well as its suturability to the wound bed. The goal of the study is to demonstrate generation as well as provide detailed characterization of relevant properties of L-PRF that underlie its clinical success.

  1. A One-Year Evaluation of a Free Fissure Sealant Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    M, Bakhtiar; N, Azadi; A, Golkari

    2016-12-01

    Pit and fissure sealant therapy has been approved as an effective measure in the prevention of occlusal dental caries. Resin based materials are the most common materials used worldwide. A variety of resin based fissure sealants are produced and used. Most of them have been presented with ideal results in research environment. However, their effectiveness in the real life, especially in a mass application program such as Iran's oral health reform plan is not clear. To evaluate the longevity of different fissure sealant applied in Iran's oral health reform plan in Fars Province (south of Iran) after one year. Seven counties were selected. One hundred 6- to 8-year-old school children who had undergone fissure sealant therapy in spring 2015 were randomly selected from each county. Their first molars were examined to evaluate the status of the fissure sealants which were applied one year ago. Data on the type/brand of fissure sealant materials, type and experience of clinicians who applied them, existence of a chair-side assistant, and whether the children were caries-free at the time of fissure sealant application were collected from the existing reports. Data of 1974 teeth from 598 children were used for the final analysis. The effects of type/brand of the material was significant on the final results and remained significant (p a chair-side assistant, and child's gender, age, and being caries-free. Many factors affect the success rate of a fissure sealant therapy program. The type/brand of the material remained significantly related to the success rate of the fissure sealant even after adjustments for other influencing factors. In this study, ClinproTM Sealant (3M/ESPE, USA) showed better longevity after one year of application.

  2. Do light cured ART conventional high-viscosity glass-ionomer sealants perform better than resin-composite sealants: a 4-year randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, WeiWei; Chen, Xi; Fan, Ming-Wen; Mulder, Jan; Huysmans, Marie-Charlotte C D N J M; Frencken, Jo E

    2014-05-01

    The hypotheses tested were: the cumulative survival rates of dentin caries lesion-free pits and fissures of ART conventional high-viscosity glass-ionomer sealants with light-curing (high-intensity LED) and glass-carbomer sealants are higher than those of conventional ART sealants and resin-composite sealants after 4 years. The randomized controlled clinical trial covered 405 children (mean age 8-years). Three dentists placed sealants in pits and fissures of high caries-risk children. Evaluation by two independent evaluators was conducted after 0.5, 1, 2, 3 and 4 years. The Kaplan-Meier survival method, ANOVA and t-test were used in data analyses. 1304 first permanent molars were sealed. 12.3% of children and 15.4% of sealants dropped out. 46 re-exposed pits and fissures, 39 (occlusal) 7 (free smooth surfaces), in 42 children developed a dentin carious lesion. The cumulative survival of dentin caries lesion-free occlusal pits and fissures in ART plus LED group (98%) was statistically significantly higher than in the resin-composite group (96.4%) and in the glass-carbomer group (94.5%). The cumulative survival of dentin caries lesion-free occlusal pits and fissures in the glass-carbomer group was statistically significantly lower than that in the conventional ART group (97.3%). For the free smooth surfaces, there was no statistically significantly difference among the four sealant groups. Light-cured ART conventional high-viscosity glass-ionomer sealants prevented the occurrence of dentin cavities best. Copyright © 2014 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Polyethylene glycol hydrogel spinal sealant (DuraSeal Spinal Sealant) as an adjunct to sutured dural repair in the spine: results of a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kee D; Wright, Neill M

    2011-11-01

    A prospective, multicenter, randomized, two-arm, single-blind, investigational device exemption pivotal study. To assess the efficacy and the safety of a polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel spinal sealant (DuraSeal Spinal Sealant) as an adjunct to sutured dural repair compared with standard of care methods (control) to obtain a watertight dural closure in patients undergoing an intentional durotomy during spinal surgery. If a watertight dural closure is not achieved, cerebrospinal fluid leak with associated complications may occur. The PEG hydrogel spinal sealant is an Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved adjunct to sutured dural repair in spine surgery. This synthetic, absorbable hydrogel sealant works in the presence of fluid, conforms to irregular surfaces, and demonstrates strong adherence and compliance to tissue, without interfering with underlying tissue visibility. A total of 158 patients were treated at 24 centers after they were randomized on the basis of an approximately 2:1 ratio (sealant:control); 102 received the PEG hydrogel spinal sealant and 56 received standard care. The primary end point was intraoperative watertight closure. Secondary end points included evaluations of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak, infection, and wound healing. Patients treated with the PEG hydrogel spinal sealant had a significantly higher rate of watertight closure than the control (100% vs. 64.3%, P hydrogel spinal sealant evaluated in this study is safe and effective for providing watertight closure when used as an adjunct to sutured dural repair during spinal surgery. This readily available tool is superior to other standard of care technologies commonly used to achieve intraoperative watertight dural closure.

  4. Fibrinous pericarditis secondary to bacterial infection in a cat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tagawa, Michihito; Kurashima, Chihiro; Shimbo, Genya; Omura, Hiroshi; Koyama, Kenji; Horiuchi, Noriyuki; Kobayashi, Yoshiyasu; Kawamoto, Keiko; Miyahara, Kazuro

    2017-06-10

    A three-year-old spayed domestic short-haired cat presented for evaluation of weight loss, cardiomegaly and pleural effusion. Echocardiographic examination demonstrated a thickened pericardium with mild pericardial effusion and a large volume of pleural effusion characterized by exudate. Although the cat was treated with antibiotics, the clinical symptoms did not improve. The cat developed dyspnea and died on day 7. Necropsy revealed a large amount of modified transudates ascites, pleural effusion and markedly dilated pericardium. Histopathological examination revealed severe exudation of fibrin and granulation tissue in a thick layer of the epicardium. The cat was diagnosed with fibrinous pericarditis secondary to bacterial infection.

  5. Effect of an Antibacterial Monomer on the Antibacterial Activity of a Pit-and-Fissure Sealant.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fan Yu

    Full Text Available Resin-based pit-and-fissure sealants are often used to form a barrier on the occlusal surface of molars to treat caries lesions; however, bacteria can remain in the pit and fissures without detection, increasing the risk of secondary caries. Sealants with antimicrobial properties or microbial repellent actions might be advantageous. The aim of this study was to assess the inhibitory effect of a 2-methacryloxylethyl dodecyl methyl ammonium bromide (MAE-DB-incorporated sealant against Streptococcus mutans. MAE-DB (4% wt was incorporated into a commercially available sealant, Eco-S resin-based pit-and-fissure sealant (Vericom Co., Ltd., Korea; a sealant without MAE-DB served as a negative control, and Clinpro™ Sealant (3M™ ESPE™, a fluoride-releasing resin, was used as a commercial control. The effects of the cured sealants and their eluents on the growth of S. mutans were determined according to colony-forming unit counts and metabolic tests. The effects of the cured sealants on the adherence and membrane integrity of S. mutans were investigated using confocal laser-scanning microscopy (CLSM in conjunction with fluorescent indicators. Compared with the negative control and commercial control, the cured MAE-DB-incorporated pit-and-fissure sealant exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on the growth of S. mutans (P < 0.05, whereas the eluents did not show any detectable antibacterial activity. The commercial control also showed no detectable bactericidal activity. Moreover, the aged experimental material retained its property of contact inhibition of biofilm formation. The fluorescence analysis of CLSM images demonstrated that the cured MAE-DB-incorporated sealant could hamper the adherence of S. mutans and exert a detrimental effect on bacterial membrane integrity. The incorporation of MAE-DB can render a pit-and-fissure sealant with contact antibacterial activity after polymerization via influencing the growth, adherence, and membrane

  6. Fissure sealant materials: Wear resistance of flowable composite resins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asefi, Sohrab; Eskandarion, Solmaz; Hamidiaval, Shadi

    2016-01-01

    Background. Wear resistance of pit and fissure sealant materials can influence their retention. Wear characteristics of sealant materials may determine scheduling of check-up visits. The aim of this study was to compare wear resistance of two flowable composite resins with that of posterior composite resin materials. Methods. Thirty-five disk-shaped specimens were prepared in 5 groups, including two flowable composite resins (Estelite Flow Quick and Estelite Flow Quick High Flow), Filtek P90 and Filtek P60 and Tetric N-Ceram. The disk-shaped samples were prepared in 25-mm diameter by packing them into a two-piece aluminum mold and then light-cured. All the specimens were polished for 1minute using 600-grit sand paper. The samples were stored in distilled water at room temperature for 1 week and then worn by two-body abrasion test using "pin-on-disk" method (with distilled water under a 15-Nload at 0.05 m/s, for a distance of 100 meter with Steatite ceramic balls antagonists). A Profilometer was used for evaluating the surface wear. Data were analyzed with the one-way ANOVA. Results. Estelite Flow Quick exhibited 2708.9 ± 578.1 μm(2) and Estelite Flow Quick High Flow exhibited 3206 ± 2445.1 μm(2)of wear but there were no significant differences between the groups. They demonstrated similar wear properties. Conclusion. Estelite flowable composite resins have wear resistance similar to nano- and micro-filled and micro-hybrid composite resins. Therefore, they can be recommended as pit and fissure sealant materials in the posterior region with appropriate mechanical characteristics.

  7. European Fissure Sealant Guidelines: assessment using AGREE II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Martin-Galindo, L; Rodríguez-Lozano, F J; Abalos-Labruzzi, C; Niederman, R

    2017-02-01

    Pit and fissure sealants are effective in reducing the incidence of occlusal caries, and multiple clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) have been developed for recommending their proper use. The usefulness of CPGs depends on their quality and on the rigour of the guideline development process. A study was made to assess the quality of current European CPGs based on the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument, which uses 23 key items rated on a 7-point scale to assess practice guideline development and the quality of reporting. A search was conducted for fissure sealant guidelines for preventing caries in children and adults at high and low risk published in the last 10 years. Calibration was carried out before scoring to assess agreement between the appraisers using the AGREE II instrument. The searches identified 19 relevant guidelines, and following application of the inclusion/exclusion criteria, three guidelines were retained for evaluation. The proportion of observed agreement was calculated, expressed by the agreement separately for positive and negative ratings (PA = 0.89, NA = 0-91). The results of the guideline assessments revealed the highest score for the Irish guideline, a moderate score for the French guideline and the lowest score for the European guideline. Based on the AGREE II instrument, the results obtained show significant variation in the quality assessment of the three European Fissure Sealant Guidelines. Future studies should be carried out both to develop quality dental CPGs and to investigate effective ways of adopting them. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Fissure sealant materials: Wear resistance of flowable composite resins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sohrab Asefi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background. Wear resistance of pit and fissure sealant materials can influence their retention. Wear characteristics of sealant materials may determine scheduling of check-up visits. The aim of this study was to compare wear resistance of two flowable composite resins with that of posterior composite resin materials. Methods. Thirty-five disk-shaped specimens were prepared in 5 groups, including two flowable composite resins (Estelite Flow Quick and Estelite Flow Quick High Flow, Filtek P90 and Filtek P60 and Tetric N-Ceram. The disk-shaped samples were prepared in 25-mm diameter by packing them into a two-piece aluminum mold and then light-cured. All the specimens were polished for 1minute using 600-grit sand paper. The samples were stored in distilled water at room temperature for 1 week and then worn by two-body abrasion test using "pin-on-disk" method (with distilled water under a 15-Nload at 0.05 m/s, for a distance of 100 meter with Steatite ceramic balls antagonists. A Profilometer was used for evaluating the surface wear. Data were analyzed with the one-way ANOVA. Results. Estelite Flow Quick exhibited 2708.9 ± 578.1 μm2 and Estelite Flow Quick High Flow exhibited 3206 ± 2445.1 μm2of wear but there were no significant differences between the groups. They demonstrated similar wear properties. Conclusion. Estelite flowable composite resins have wear resistance similar to nano- and micro-filled and micro-hybrid composite resins. Therefore, they can be recommended as pit and fissure sealant materials in the posterior region with appropriate mechanical characteristics.

  9. Prophylactic efficiency of glass-ionomer fissure sealant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrović Bojan B.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the most efficient prophylactic measures in caries prevention is sealing pits and fissures. After improvements of physical and mechanical properties, glass-ionomers are frequently used as sealing materials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prophylactic efficiency of Fuji VII, a glass-ionomer fissure sealant, through adaptation ability and fluoride reeasing potential assessment using scanning electron microscopic and energy dispersive spectroscopic techniques. The sample consisted of 20 extracted intact human teeth, 10 premolars and 10 molars. Six sections of each tooth were analyzed using SEM. EDS analysis was conducted one week and three months after material placement. The parameters used for the evaluation included: adaptation ability, penetration depth, material structure, integrity of the interfacial zone and ion exchange extent. The sealant penetration depth was observed at 30 X magnification, and the interfacial zone between the material and the enamel at 500-10000 X. EDS was used for quantitative analysis of the material structure, interfacial zone and the enamel surface. The results were statistically analyzed the using chisquare test and descriptive statistical methods. SEM analysis revealed the zone of interaction between the enamel surface and the glass-ionomer with predominant cohesive failures within the sealant material, and satisfactory adaptation ability of the sealing material. The mean value of the penetration was 83% of the total fissure depth, without a statistically significant difference between the tested teeth groups. A lower penetration ability was observed in deep pits and fissures with a larger diameter of unfilled space (p<0.05. EDS analysis revealed the potential of the glass-ionomer for ion exchange with dental tissues. The presence of fluoride ions was detected in 2 sections 3 months after material placement. Glass-ionomers, chemically cured, biocompatible materials demonstrate satisfactory

  10. Adhesives, sealants, and coatings for the electronics industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Flick, Ernest W

    1992-01-01

    ... of these materials. Only the most recent information has been included. It is believed that all of the products listed here are currently available, which will be of interest to readers concerned with product discontinuances. The market for electronics adhesives, sealants and coatings continues to be an expanding one, with sales showing consistently strong growth. 1990 sales were $200 million, and 1995 sales are projected, at a 9% growth rate, to be $305 million (in constant 1990 dollars). A large segment of the deman...

  11. A 1-year clinical evaluation of fissure sealants on permanent first molars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nupur Ninawe

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective : To evaluate and compare the retention, marginal discoloration, surface texture and anatomical form of pit and fissure sealants. Materials and Methods : Thirty children between the ages of 6 and 10 years, who were attending the school health program regularly, had participated in the study. A split-mouth design was used in which the two fissure sealants (Helioseal-F and Glass ionomer Fuji VII were randomly placed in 60 matched contralateral pairs of permanent molar teeth. Sealants were rated by a single trained and calibrated examiner using mouth mirrors and probes following the US Public Health Service criteria. The sealants were evaluated at 3 months, 6 months and 1 year intervals. Results : The data obtained for retention, marginal discoloration, surface texture and anatomical form of pit and fissure sealants were tabulated and compared statistically using the Chi-square test of significance. Conclusion : The Helioseal-F sealant was better than the Glass ionomer Fuji VII sealant with respect to retention, anatomical form and surface texture. Both the materials showed similar results with respect to marginal discoloration.

  12. Comparison of various concentrations of tricalcium phosphate nanoparticles on mechanical properties and remineralization of fissure sealants.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Tavassoli-Hojjati

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanical properties (flexural strength, micro-shear bond strength and remineralizing potential of fissure sealants by adding various concentrations of β-tricalcium phosphate nanoparticles.This in-vitro study consisted of five experimental groups containing prepared nano-fisssure sealants (1-5 wt.% β-TCP nanoparticles and two control groups containing a prepared and a commercial fissure sealant. Flexural/micro-shear bond strength values were measured using Zwick test machine. Cavities on sixty healthy premolar teeth were filled with the fissure sealants containing 0-5 wt.% of nano β-TCP. The samples were assessed for remineralization under scanning electron microscopy (SEM and EDAX. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, One-way ANOVA and Tukey's Post Hoc analysis/HSD were used to analyze the data.There was no significant difference between the flexural strengths/elastic modulus of the 0-5 wt.% nano β-TCP groups (p>0.05. The average flexural strength/elastic modulus of the prepared fissure sealant group (0% was significantly higher than the commercial fissure sealant group (Clinpro (p0.05. Examining the samples under SEM showed a significant increase in thickness of the intermediate layer with increasing concentrations of β-TCP nanoparticles (p<0.05.Addition of 1-5 wt.% β-TCP nanoparticles to the fissure sealants significantly increased the remineralization potential without affecting the mechanical properties.

  13. Effect of light curing methods on microleakage and microhardness of different resin sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duangthip, Duangporn; Ballungpattama, Suda; Sitthisettapong, Thanya

    2011-07-01

    This study's purpose was to evaluate the effect of light curing methods on the microleakage and microhardness of sealants. The Elipar Free Light 2 light emitting diode (LED) with 10- and 20-second curing times, and the Elipar 2500 halogen light with a 20-second curing time were compared. Four different sealants were used: (1) Delton Clear; (2) Delton Opaque; (3) UltraSeal XT Clear; and (4) UltraSeal XT Opaque. Specimens were fabricated in a silicone mold (2-mm thick) and cured. Knoop hardness was measured at the bottom and top surfaces. For the microleakage evaluation, 120 human molars were divided into 12 groups and sealed with the sealants and curing methods, as stated previously. The teeth were thermocycled and immersed in 2% methylene blue for 24 hours. Each tooth was sectioned and examined for dye penetration. There were no statistically significant differences in the microleakage of sealants polymerized by either the halogen or LED curing methods. The microhardness of sealants varied according to the type of material and curing method. A 10-second polymerization time with light emitting diodes was not sufficient to cure the 2-mm-thick opaque or high filler loaded sealants. Decreasing the curing time, however, had no effect on the microleakage of the sealants.

  14. Flowable resin used as a sealant in molars affected by dental fluorosis: a comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loyola-Rodriguez, Juan Pablo; Mendoza-Razo, Veronica; Rodriguez-Juarez, Fernando; Campos-Cambranis, Rafael

    2005-01-01

    The decline in prevalence and incidence of dental caries in developed countries over the last two decades is considered to be due mainly to the widespread use of fluoride in different forms, but simultaneously with decline in caries, an increase in dental fluorosis has been reported. The aim of this study was to compare the Conventional Sealant Technique (CST) and Enameloplasty Sealant Technique (EST) using a flowable resin as sealant in molars affected by dental fluorosis. A total of 40 extracted third molars affected by dental fluorosis were divided at random into two groups of 20 teeth each, and Tetric Flow resin was used as sealant. All teeth were studied for lateral adaptation and resin penetration by direct and indirect techniques; all samples were replicated in epoxy resin and were evaluated with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The results demonstrated that EST allowed a deeper sealant penetration and a superior sealant adaptation than CST, both in direct and indirect evaluations by SEM. The most important variables being penetration-interface and penetration depth both being statistically significant (pceromer is an excellent material alternative to be used as sealant and that EST is quite necessary in molars affected by dental fluorosis, the combination of both being a reliable method to be used as primary prevention approach of dental caries in endemic areas of dental fluorosis.

  15. Preparation of fibrin networks on polymers containing nano-filler

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kozlowska, A.; Piegat, A.; Skrobot, J.; Strzalkowska, D.; El Fray, M.; Kubies, Dana; Riedel, Tomáš; Pop-Georgievski, Ognen; Rypáček, František

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 92, - (2010), s. 8-10 ISSN 1429-7248 R&D Projects: GA MŠk MEB050833 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : fibrin networks * nano-filler Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry http://www.biomat.krakow.pl/gazeta/archiwum/92.pdf

  16. Platelet‑rich fibrin combined with synthetic nanocrystalline hydroxy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Apical surgery for radicular cysts generally involves apical root resection and sealing with endodontic material. This case report, describes the treatment of a cyst related to the maxillary central and lateral incisors using platelet rich fibrin along with synthetic nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite granules for the regeneration of lost ...

  17. Effectiveness of fibrin glue in adherence of skin graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konda Sireesha Reddy

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Graft fixation is important for graft take. Fibrin glue has been proposed as an ideal material, because of its human origin and it provides firm adhesion in seconds or minutes. Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of fibrin glue, in increasing the take of skin graft. Assessment includes surgical time taken for graft fixation, haematoma/seroma formation, engraftment and wound closure by day 14. Methods: The study is an observational prospective study conducted in the Department of Plastic Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, from January 2016 to June 2016. Sixteen patients who underwent split skin grafting were assessed during the study period. Fibrin glue was used on the recipient bed before grafting. Results: Better haemostasis and graft adhesion, with a significant reduction of surgical time, were noted. Conclusion: The safety profile of fibrin glue was excellent as indicated by the lack of any related serious adverse experiences. These findings demonstrate that it is safe and effective for attachment of skin grafts, with outcomes at least as good as conventional methods.

  18. Enzymatically induced mineralization of platelet-rich fibrin.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Douglas, T.E.L.; Gassling, V.; Declercq, H.A.; Purcz, N.; Pamula, E.; Haugen, H.J.; Chasan, S.; Mulder, E.L.W. de; Jansen, J.A.; Leeuwenburgh, S.C.G.

    2012-01-01

    Membranes of the autologous blood-derived biomaterial platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) were functionalized by incorporation of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), an enzyme involved in mineralization of bone, and subsequently incubated in calcium glycerophosphate (CaGP) solution to induce PRFs mineralization with

  19. Scanning electron microscopy investigation of fibrin networks after thermal injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etheresia Pretorius

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Injury due to burning is known to impact on coagulation and haemostasis by disturbing the coagulation cascade and is also associated with impaired fibrinolysis. Also, venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and hypercoagulability are common during thermal injury. Using a Wistar albino rat model, we investigated in this study whether burn injury affects the ultrastructure of the fibrin networks. A typical fibrin network will contain mostly major, thick fibres with minor, thin fibres distributed amongst them. We found that the clot architecture changes after burn injury, showing more prominent minor, thin fibres in a netted appearance. Also, the clot showed areas of matted fibrin. We suggest that the thrombotic events associated with burn injury are due to the thickened and netlike areas formed when thrombin activates the coagulation cascade. This is due to impaired fibrinolysis activities, causing the resulting fibrin clots not to be successfully disseminated. Small fragments of these netted, clumped areas may therefore break loose and lead to thrombotic events after burn injuries. The current study therefore provided morphological evidence for thrombotic events associated with burn injury.

  20. Platelet‑rich fibrin combined with synthetic nanocrystalline hydroxy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-04-20

    Apr 20, 2015 ... Platelet‑rich fibrin combined with synthetic nanocrystalline hydroxy apatite granules in the management of radicular cyst. K Pradeep, Adarsh Kudva1, Vidya Narayanamoorthy, KM Cariappa1, M Vidya Saraswathi. Departments of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics and 1Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, ...

  1. Caries-preventive effect of sealants produced with altered glass-ionomer materials, after 2 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, X; Du, M Q; Fan, M W; Mulder, J; Huysmans, M C D N J M; Frencken, J E

    2012-05-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the caries-preventive effect of sealants produced with a high-viscosity glass-ionomer with an elevated powder-liquid ratio (ART), of having energy added to this glass-ionomer, and that of glass-carbomer, in comparison to that of resin composite sealants. The randomized controlled trial covered 407 children, with a mean age of 8 years. At a school compound three dentists placed sealants in pits and fissures of high caries-risk children. Evaluation by two independent evaluators was conducted after 0.5, 1 and 2 years. The Kaplan-Meier survival method, ANOVA and t-test were used in analyzing the data. 1352 first permanent molars were sealed. 6.6% of children and 6.8% of sealants dropped out within 2 years. 27 re-exposed pits and fissures, 20 in occlusal and 7 in smooth surfaces, in 25 children, developed a dentin carious lesion. The cumulative survival of dentin carious lesion-free pits and fissures in the glass-carbomer sealant group was statistically significantly lower (97.4%) than those in the high-viscosity glass-ionomer with energy supplied (99%) and the resin-composite (98.9%) sealant groups. There was no statistically significant difference in the cumulative survival of dentin carious lesion-free pits and fissures, between the high-viscosity glass-ionomer with (99%) and without (98.3%) energy supplied sealant groups, after 2 years. The survival of dentin carious lesion-free pits and fissures was high in all sealant types. More dentin carious lesions were observed in the glass-carbomer sealant group. Copyright © 2012 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Retention of resin-based filled and unfilled pit and fissure sealants: A comparative clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, V Rajashekar; Chowdhary, Nagalakshmi; Mukunda, K S; Kiran, N K; Kavyarani, B S; Pradeep, M C

    2015-03-01

    The most caries-susceptible period of a permanent first molar tooth is the eruption phase, during which the enamel is not fully matured and it is usually difficult for the child to clean the erupting tooth surfaces. Sealing occlusal pits and fissures with resin-based pit and fissure sealants is a proven method to prevent occlusal caries. The difference in the viscosity of the sealants differs in the penetration into pit and fissures and abrasive wear resistance property due to the addition of filler particles. The present study was conducted to evaluate and compare the retention of the resin-based filled (Helioseal F, Ivoclar Vivadent) and unfilled (Clinpro, 3M ESPE) pit and fissure sealants, which is important for their effectiveness. Fifty-six children between the age group of 6 and 9 years, with all four newly erupted permanent first molars were selected. Sealants were applied randomly using split mouth design technique on permanent first molars. Evaluation of sealant retention was performed at regular intervals over 12 months, using Simonsen's criteria at 2(nd), 4(th), 6(th), 8(th), 10(th) and 12(th) month. The results were subjected to statistical analysis. At the end of our study period (12(th) month), 53.57% showed complete retention, 37.50% showed partial retention, and 8.83% showed complete missing of resin-based filled (Helioseal F) pit and fissure sealant. And, 64.29% showed complete retention, 32.14% showed partial retention, and 3.57% showed complete missing of resin-based unfilled (Clinpro) pit and fissure sealant. This difference in retention rates between filled and unfilled pit and fissure sealants was not statistically significant. The difference in retention rates between Helioseal F and Clinpro was not statistically significant, but Clinpro (unfilled) sealant showed slightly higher retention rates and clinically better performance than Helioseal F (filled).

  3. Retention of resin-based filled and unfilled pit and fissure sealants: A comparative clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V Rajashekar Reddy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: The most caries-susceptible period of a permanent first molar tooth is the eruption phase, during which the enamel is not fully matured and it is usually difficult for the child to clean the erupting tooth surfaces. Sealing occlusal pits and fissures with resin-based pit and fissure sealants is a proven method to prevent occlusal caries. The difference in the viscosity of the sealants differs in the penetration into pit and fissures and abrasive wear resistance property due to the addition of filler particles. The present study was conducted to evaluate and compare the retention of the resin-based filled (Helioseal F, Ivoclar Vivadent and unfilled (Clinpro, 3M ESPE pit and fissure sealants, which is important for their effectiveness. Materials and Methods: Fifty-six children between the age group of 6 and 9 years, with all four newly erupted permanent first molars were selected. Sealants were applied randomly using split mouth design technique on permanent first molars. Evaluation of sealant retention was performed at regular intervals over 12 months, using Simonsen′s criteria at 2 nd , 4 th , 6 th , 8 th , 10 th and 12 th month. The results were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: At the end of our study period (12 th month, 53.57% showed complete retention, 37.50% showed partial retention, and 8.83% showed complete missing of resin-based filled (Helioseal F pit and fissure sealant. And, 64.29% showed complete retention, 32.14% showed partial retention, and 3.57% showed complete missing of resin-based unfilled (Clinpro pit and fissure sealant. This difference in retention rates between filled and unfilled pit and fissure sealants was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The difference in retention rates between Helioseal F and Clinpro was not statistically significant, but Clinpro (unfilled sealant showed slightly higher retention rates and clinically better performance than Helioseal F (filled.

  4. Fluoride: Is It Worth to be added in Pit and Fissure Sealants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahake, Prasanna T; Raju, OS; Basappa, N

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background and objectives: Fluoride is being used for the prevention of dental caries since a long time. Incorporation of fluoride in pit and fissure sealants has been found to reduce initiation and progression of pit and fissure caries. Authors conducted this study to evaluate and compare the effect of fluoride releasing pit and fissure sealants on the inhibition of demineralization of adjacent enamel and to reduce wall lesion frequency. Materials and methods: A total of 60 caries-free human third molars were randomly assigned into three groups receiving conventional resin sealant without fluoride (Group A), fluoride releasing resin sealant (Group B), glass ionomer pit and fissure sealant (Group C). Fissure cavities of 5 × 2 × 1.5 mm were prepared on buccal surfaces of teeth using fissurotomy bur and sealants were applied onto the cavities. The teeth were then thermocycled and exposed to acidified gelatin gel for 6 weeks to induce caries like lesions. A 150 μ m section was taken from each tooth and observed under polarized light microscope to measure the depth of advancing front of outer enamel lesion. The outer lesion depths of all three groups were compared. Results: Enamel demineralization was least in glass ionomer pit and fissure sealant while the demineralization exhibited by nonfluoridated resin and fluoridated resin were comparable. Wall lesion frequency was found to be 0% in all groups. Conclusion and interpretation: The glass ionomer pit and fissure sealant exhibited highest anticariogenic efficacy and hence can be advocated as a means of preventing dental caries. How to cite this article: Prabhakar AR, Dahake PT, Raju OS, Basappa N. Fluoride: Is It Worth to be added in Pit and Fissure Sealants?. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012;5(1):1-5. PMID:25206126

  5. Comparison of microleakage between flowable nanocomposite, flowable Composite and Conventional sealant in fissure sealant therapy of the permanent teeth: an in- vitro study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Maleki Kambakhsh

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Novel dental materials including nanocomposites have been introduced in recent years. It is claimed that they have superior properties such as high esthetic., low wear, increased filler content resulting in better mechanical properties, and releasing ions i.e. fluoride and amorphous calcium phosphate that are important for enamel remineralization. Considering these features, if they have retention and microleakage rates comparable with conventional sealants, these materials can be appropriate alternatives to conventional resin sealants in future. The current study aimed at comparing . microleakage of a flowable nanocomposite, a flowable composite , and a conventional sealant in fissure sealant therapy of the permanent teeth. Materials and Methods: First of all ,42 extracted sound human maxillary first premolars were collected and were randomly divided into 3 equal groups. Then the teeth were embedded in self-cure acrylic resin. Occlusal fissures of the samples were cleaned using explorer, enameloplasty with ¼ round diamond bur and water/air spray was done. The prepared surfaces were etched using 36% phosphoric acid gel for 15s, rinsed and dried. Bonding agent was placed in the pits and fissures, cured for 10s after thinning with air. In the first, second , and the third group conventional sealant, flowable composite , and flowable nanocomposite were placed, respectively; and light cured for 40s. The samples were thermocycled (1000 cycles between 5-55ºC and then immersed in 2% basic Fuchsine solution for 24hs. They were then cut bucculingually and microleakage evaluation was done using stereomicroscope. The obtained data was analyzed using Kruskal wallis tests. Results: There was no significant difference in microleakage rate of the study groups. (P>0.05. Conclusion: Considering the condition of the study, it can be concluded that flowable composite and flowable nanocomposite can be used as suitable alternatives to

  6. Demonstration and Validation of a High-Performance Floor-Sealant System to Reduce Concrete Degradation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    The A-A-52624 Type 1 Recycled Antifreeze had no effect on the concrete or sealant system. All the other test chemicals penetrated the sealant...System to Reduce Concrete Degradation Final Report on Project F10-AR02 Co ns tr uc tio n En gi ne er in g R es ea rc h La bo ra to ry Clint...of a High-Performance Floor-Sealant System to Reduce Concrete Degradation Final Report on Project F10-AR02 Clint A. Wilson and Susan A. Drozdz

  7. An in-vitro evaluation of mechanical and esthetic properties of orthodontic sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Premaraj, Thyagaseely Sheela; Rohani, Nima; Covey, David; Premaraj, Sundaralingam; Hua, Yi; Watanabe, Hidehiko

    2014-10-01

    To evaluate mechanical and esthetic Properties of two commercially available orthodontic sealants: Opal(®)Seal (OS) and L.E.D. Pro Seal (PS). Discs of each sealant were prepared to test the following properties: Micro hardness, wear resistance and color stability. Samples were randomly selected after the wear test for SEM imaging to analyze surface morphology. OS was significantly harder than PS (P sealants are beneficial for protecting enamel. However with better wear properties PS was superior in resisting mechanical stresses. OS was more color stable.

  8. Concentration independent modulation of local micromechanics in a fibrin gel.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maxwell A Kotlarchyk

    Full Text Available Methods for tuning extracellular matrix (ECM mechanics in 3D cell culture that rely on increasing the concentration of either protein or cross-linking molecules fail to control important parameters such as pore size, ligand density, and molecular diffusivity. Alternatively, ECM stiffness can be modulated independently from protein concentration by mechanically loading the ECM. We have developed a novel device for generating stiffness gradients in naturally derived ECMs, where stiffness is tuned by inducing strain, while local mechanical properties are directly determined by laser tweezers based active microrheology (AMR. Hydrogel substrates polymerized within 35 mm diameter Petri dishes are strained non-uniformly by the precise rotation of an embedded cylindrical post, and exhibit a position-dependent stiffness with little to no modulation of local mesh geometry. Here we present the device in the context of fibrin hydrogels. First AMR is used to directly measure local micromechanics in unstrained hydrogels of increasing fibrin concentration. Changes in stiffness are then mapped within our device, where fibrin concentration is held constant. Fluorescence confocal imaging and orbital particle tracking are used to quantify structural changes in fibrin on the micro and nano levels respectively. The micromechanical strain stiffening measured by microrheology is not accompanied by ECM microstructural changes under our applied loads, as measured by confocal microscopy. However, super-resolution orbital tracking reveals nanostructural straightening, lengthening, and reduced movement of fibrin fibers. Furthermore, we show that aortic smooth muscle cells cultured within our device are morphologically sensitive to the induced mechanical gradient. Our results demonstrate a powerful cell culture tool that can be used in the study of mechanical effects on cellular physiology in naturally derived 3D ECM tissues.

  9. A randomised clinical trial on the use of intermediate bonding on the retention of fissure sealants in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCafferty, Jennifer; O'Connell, Anne C

    2016-03-01

    To assess whether an adhesive bonding agent increases the retention of resin fissure sealants on first permanent molars (FPMs) and to determine any difference in sealant retention on occlusal, buccal, or palatal surfaces. The effect of the child's behaviour on the retention of the sealants was also assessed. One hundred and twelve children were recruited (age range 5-15 years). One operator placed sealants (Helioseal, Ivoclar Vivadent) on 390 FPMs using a split-mouth design. The study group, (n = 195), had an ethanol-based adhesive bond (ExciTEF, Ivoclar Vivadent) placed prior to sealant application, and no bond was used in the control group (n = 195). The sealants were reviewed after 12 months and analysed using Fisher's exact test. The addition of a bonding agent significantly increased sealant retention (P = 0.0005). Retention of bonded sealants on occlusal surfaces was higher (98%) than non-bonded sealants (93%) (P = 0.08). Bonded sealants placed on buccal/palatal surfaces were retained (92%) more successfully than non-bonded sealants (82%) (P = 0.0005). The behaviour of the patient significantly affected the retention of fissure sealants (P = 0.0001). The addition of an ethanol-based bonding agent significantly increased the retention of sealants at 12 months particularly on palatal fissures of maxillary first permanent molar teeth. © 2015 BSPD, IAPD and John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Elastic Behavior and Platelet Retraction in Low- and High-Density Fibrin Gels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wufsus, Adam R.; Rana, Kuldeepsinh; Brown, Andrea; Dorgan, John R.; Liberatore, Matthew W.; Neeves, Keith B.

    2015-01-01

    Fibrin is a biopolymer that gives thrombi the mechanical strength to withstand the forces imparted on them by blood flow. Importantly, fibrin is highly extensible, but strain hardens at low deformation rates. The density of fibrin in clots, especially arterial clots, is higher than that in gels made at plasma concentrations of fibrinogen (3–10 mg/mL), where most rheology studies have been conducted. Our objective in this study was to measure and characterize the elastic regimes of low (3–10 mg/mL) and high (30–100 mg/mL) density fibrin gels using shear and extensional rheology. Confocal microscopy of the gels shows that fiber density increases with fibrinogen concentration. At low strains, fibrin gels act as thermal networks independent of fibrinogen concentration. Within the low-strain regime, one can predict the mesh size of fibrin gels by the elastic modulus using semiflexible polymer theory. Significantly, this provides a link between gel mechanics and interstitial fluid flow. At moderate strains, we find that low-density fibrin gels act as nonaffine mechanical networks and transition to affine mechanical networks with increasing strains within the moderate regime, whereas high-density fibrin gels only act as affine mechanical networks. At high strains, the backbone of individual fibrin fibers stretches for all fibrin gels. Platelets can retract low-density gels by >80% of their initial volumes, but retraction is attenuated in high-density fibrin gels and with decreasing platelet density. Taken together, these results show that the nature of fibrin deformation is a strong function of fibrin fiber density, which has ramifications for the growth, embolization, and lysis of thrombi. PMID:25564864

  11. Comparison of Caries Prevention With Glass Ionomer and Composite Resin Fissure Sealants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylin Akbay Oba

    2009-11-01

    Conclusion: Under field conditions in which moisture control was not effective, a high-viscosity and less technique-sensitive glass ionomer material can be used as an effective sealant material, rather than resin.

  12. Two-year survival of glass ionomer sealants placed as part of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GIC) sealants placed in primary molars of six to eight year-olds and as part of proximal atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) restoration. Design: A longitudinal clinical study. Setting: Matungulu/Kangundo rural divisions, Machakos district, ...

  13. Development of apparent viscosity test for hot-poured crack sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-01

    Current crack sealant specifications focuses on utilizing simple empirical tests such as penetration, : resilience, flow, and bonding to cement concrete briquettes (ASTM D3405) to measure the ability of the material : to resist cohesive and adhesion ...

  14. Fuji III vs. Fuji VII glass ionomer sealants--a clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamala, B K; Hegde, Amitha M

    2008-01-01

    Glass ionomer cements possess several properties that support their consideration in a wide variety of clinical applications including Pit and fissure sealants. The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate Fuji III and Fuji VII glass ionomer sealants in terms of retention, caries incidence and salivary fluoride release between two groups of children aged 6 and-8 years respectively. One hundred and ten first permanent molars were sealed and the clinical evaluation showed no incidence of caries. There was partial or complete retention of the sealant in 80% of the treated teeth in both groups at the one-year evaluation. Irrespective of the sealant used, the pattern of fluoride release remained consistent, with an initial high fluoride release followed by low prolonged leakage before returning to baseline value at the end of one year.

  15. Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guideline for the Use of Pit-and-Fissure Sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-15

    This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces. This is an update of the ADA 2008 recommendations on the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars. The authors conducted a systematic search in MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and other sources to identify randomized controlled trials reporting on the effect of sealants (available on the U.S. market) when applied to the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars. The authors used the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach to assess the quality of the evidence and to move from the evidence to the decisions. The guideline panel formulated 3 main recommendations. They concluded that sealants are effective in preventing and arresting pit-and-fissure occlusal carious lesions of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents compared with the nonuse of sealants or use of fluoride varnishes. They also concluded that sealants could minimize the progression of non-cavitated occlusal carious lesions (also referred to as initial lesions) that receive a sealant. Finally, based on the available limited evidence, the panel was unable to provide specific recommendations on the relative merits of 1 type of sealant material over the others

  16. 3-year survival rates of retained composite resin and ART sealants using two assessment criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilgert, Leandro Augusto; Leal, Soraya Coelho; Freire, Gabriela Mesquita Lopes; Mulder, Jan; Frencken, Jo E

    2017-05-04

    The aim was to test the null-hypothesis that there is no difference in the cumulative survival rate of retained composite resin (CR) sealants and a high-viscosity glass-ionomer Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) sealant in first permanent molars calculated according to the traditional and the modified retention assessment criteria over a period of 3 years. This cluster-randomized controlled clinical trial consisted of 123 schoolchildren, 6-7-years-old. At baseline, high-caries risk pits and fissures of fully erupted first permanent molars were treated with CR and ART sealants. Evaluations were performed after 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 years. Retention was scored for free-smooth surface and for each of three sections into which the occlusal surface had been divided. The modified criterion differed from the traditional in that it determined an occlusal sealant to be a failure when at least one section contained no visible sealant material. Data were analysed according to the PHREG model with frailty correction, Wald-test, ANOVA and t-test, using the Jackknife procedure. The cumulative survival rates for retained CR and ART sealants in free-smooth and occlusal surfaces for both criteria were not statistically significantly different over the 3 years. A higher percentage of retained CR sealants on occlusal surfaces was observed at longer evaluations. Cumulative survival rates were statistically significantly lower for the modified criterion in comparison to the traditional. The modified retention assessment criterion should be used in future sealant-retention studies.

  17. Validity of sealant retention as surrogate for caries prevention--a systematic review.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steffen Mickenautsch

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION/AIM: To appraise the clinical literature in determining whether loss of complete sealant retention as surrogate endpoint is directly associated with caries occurrence on sealed teeth as its clinical endpoint and to apply the appraised evidence in testing the null-hypothesis that the retention/caries ratio between different types of sealant materials (resin and glass-ionomer cement is not statistically significant (= Prentice criterion for surrogate endpoint validity. METHODS: Databases searched PubMed/Medline, Directory of Open Access Journals; IndMed, Scielo. Systematic reviews were checked for suitable trials. The search terms: "fiss* AND seal*" and "fissure AND sealant" were used. Article selection criteria were: clinical trial reporting on the retention and caries occurrence of resin and/or glass-ionomer cement (GIC fissure sealed permanent molar teeth; minimum 24-month follow-up period; systematic review or meta-analysis. Datasets and information were extracted from accepted trials. The principle outcome measure was the ratio of Risk of loss of complete retention to the Risk of caries occurrence per sealant type (RCR. Risk of bias was assessed in trials and sensitivity analysis with regard to potential confounding factors conducted. The null-hypothesis was tested by graphical and statistical methods. RESULTS: The risk of loss of complete retention of sealant materials was associated with the risk of caries occurrence for resin but not for GIC based sealants. The difference between RCR values of the two sealant types was statistically significant (p<0.05. The null-hypothesis was rejected. CONCLUSIONS: The current clinical evidence suggests that complete retention of pit and fissure sealants may not be a valid surrogate endpoint for caries prevention as its clinical endpoint. Further research is required to corroborate the current results.

  18. 3-year survival rates of retained composite resin and ART sealants using two assessment criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Augusto HILGERT

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The aim was to test the null-hypothesis that there is no difference in the cumulative survival rate of retained composite resin (CR sealants and a high-viscosity glass-ionomer Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART sealant in first permanent molars calculated according to the traditional and the modified retention assessment criteria over a period of 3 years. This cluster-randomized controlled clinical trial consisted of 123 schoolchildren, 6–7-years-old. At baseline, high-caries risk pits and fissures of fully erupted first permanent molars were treated with CR and ART sealants. Evaluations were performed after 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 years. Retention was scored for free-smooth surface and for each of three sections into which the occlusal surface had been divided. The modified criterion differed from the traditional in that it determined an occlusal sealant to be a failure when at least one section contained no visible sealant material. Data were analysed according to the PHREG model with frailty correction, Wald-test, ANOVA and t-test, using the Jackknife procedure. The cumulative survival rates for retained CR and ART sealants in free-smooth and occlusal surfaces for both criteria were not statistically significantly different over the 3 years. A higher percentage of retained CR sealants on occlusal surfaces was observed at longer evaluations. Cumulative survival rates were statistically significantly lower for the modified criterion in comparison to the traditional. The modified retention assessment criterion should be used in future sealant-retention studies.

  19. CDC Vital Signs–Dental Sealants Prevent Cavities

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-10-18

    This podcast is based on the October 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. Dental sealants, applied soon after a child's permanent molars come in, can protect against cavities for up to nine years. Applying sealants in schools for low-income children could save millions in dental treatment costs.  Created: 10/18/2016 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 10/18/2016.

  20. Mechanical Properties and Failure Analysis of Visible Light Crosslinked Alginate-Based Tissue Sealants

    OpenAIRE

    Charron, Patrick; Fenn, Spencer L.; Poniz, Alex; Oldinski, Rachael A.

    2016-01-01

    Moderate to weak mechanical properties limit the use of naturally-derived tissue sealants for dynamic medical applications, e.g., sealing a lung leak. To overcome these limitations, we developed visible-light crosslinked alginate-based hydrogels, as either non-adhesive methacrylated alginate (Alg-MA) hydrogel controls, or oxidized Alg-MA (Alg-MA-Ox) tissue adhesive tissue sealants, which form covalent bonds with extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Our study investigated the potential for vis...

  1. A two-year clinical evaluation of glass ionomer and ormocer based fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guler, C; Yilmaz, Y

    2013-01-01

    The objective of the present study provides further data comparing retention, marginal integrity and caries preventive effects of two fissure sealants (glass ionomer based; GC Fuji VII Capsule [Fuji VII] and ormocer based; Admira Seal [AS]) in children. This study was designed as a randomized single-blind clinical trial. The permanent first molars (PFMs) of 50 children, 7-13 years of age (mean age: 8.9 +/- 1.3 years), were sealed with a split-mouth design. Fissure sealants applied to the PFMs according to the manufacturer's recommendations by one pediatric dentist. Clinical evaluation of the sealants was carried out to record retention, marginal integrity and presence of caries at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after placement by the other pediatric dentist. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox's regression models were used to estimate the probability of two sealants success. Alpha and Bravo retention rates at the end of follow-up were 13% and 80% for Fuji VII and 3% and 83% for AS, respectively. For retention and marginal integrity between fissure sealants was found similar survival rates (p > 0.05). After 24 months, presence of caries was 16% for Fuji VII and 32% for AS (p sealants may be a better choice for preventing occlusal caries.

  2. Comparison of various concentrations of tricalcium phosphate nanoparticles on mechanical properties and remineralization of fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavassoli-Hojjati, Sara; Atai, Mohammad; Haghgoo, Roza; Rahimian-Imam, Sara; Kameli, Somayeh; Ahmaian-Babaki, Fatemeh; Hamzeh, Faezeh; Ahmadyar, Maryam

    2014-07-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanical properties (flexural strength, micro-shear bond strength) and remineralizing potential of fissure sealants by adding various concentrations of β-tricalcium phosphate nanoparticles. This in-vitro study consisted of five experimental groups containing prepared nano-fisssure sealants (1-5 wt.% β-TCP nanoparticles) and two control groups containing a prepared and a commercial fissure sealant. Flexural/micro-shear bond strength values were measured using Zwick test machine. Cavities on sixty healthy premolar teeth were filled with the fissure sealants containing 0-5 wt.% of nano β-TCP. The samples were assessed for remineralization under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and EDAX. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, One-way ANOVA and Tukey's Post Hoc analysis/HSD were used to analyze the data. There was no significant difference between the flexural strengths/elastic modulus of the 0-5 wt.% nano β-TCP groups (p>0.05). The average flexural strength/elastic modulus of the prepared fissure sealant group (0%) was significantly higher than the commercial fissure sealant group (Clinpro) (psealant groups (p>0.05). Examining the samples under SEM showed a significant increase in thickness of the intermediate layer with increasing concentrations of β-TCP nanoparticles (psealants significantly increased the remineralization potential without affecting the mechanical properties.

  3. Self-Healable and Reprocessable Polysulfide Sealants Prepared from Liquid Polysulfide Oligomer and Epoxy Resin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Wentong; Bie, Mengyao; Liu, Fu; Chang, Pengshan; Quan, Yiwu

    2017-05-10

    Polysulfide sealants have been commercially applied in many industrial fields. In this article, we study the self-healing property of the epoxy resin-cured polysulfide sealants for the first time. The obtained sealants showed a flexible range of ultimate elongation of 157-478% and a tensile strength of 1.02-0.75 MPa corresponding to different polysulfide oligomers. By taking advantage of the dynamic reversible exchange of disulfide bonds, polysulfide sealants exhibited good self-healing ability under a moderate thermal stimulus. A higher molecular weight and a lower degree of cross-linking of polysulfide oligomer were helpful in improving the ultimate elongation and healing efficiency of the polysulfide sealants. After subjecting to a temperature of 75 °C for 60 min, both the tensile strength and ultimate elongation of a fully cut sample, LP55-F, were restored to 91% of the original values, without affecting the sealing property. Furthermore, the sample exhibited excellent reshaping and reprocessing abilities. These outcomes offer a paradigm toward sustainable industrial applications of the polysulfide-based sealants.

  4. Low-cost glass ionomer cement as ART sealant in permanent molars: a randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela HESSE

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Clinical trials are normally performed with well-known brands of glass ionomer cement (GIC, but the cost of these materials is high for public healthcare in less-affluent communities. Given the need to research cheaper materials, it seems pertinent to investigate the retention rate of a low-cost GIC applied as atraumatic restorative treatment (ART sealants in two centers in Brazil. Four hundred and thirty-seven 6-to-8-year-old schoolchildren were selected in two cities in Brazil. The children were randomly divided into two groups, according to the tested GIC applied in the first permanent molars. The retention rate was evaluated after 3, 6 and 12 months. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the log-rank test were performed. The variables were tested for association with sealant longevity, using logistic regression analyses (α = 5%. The retention rate of sealants after 12 months was 19.1%. The high-cost GIC brand presented a 2-fold-more-likely-to-survive rate than the low-cost brand (p < 0.001. Significant difference was also found between the cities where the treatments were performed, in that Barueri presented a higher sealant survival rate than Recife (p < 0.001. The retention rate of a low-cost GIC sealant brand was markedly lower than that of a well-known GIC sealant brand.

  5. Hemostatic efficiency of modern topical sealants: Comparative evaluation after liver resection and splenic laceration in a swine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonouni, Hamidreza; Kashfi, Arash; Majlesara, Ali; Stahlheber, Oliver; Konstantinidis, Lukas; Gharabaghi, Negin; Kraus, Thomas W; Mehrabi, Arianeb; Oweira, Hani

    2017-06-23

    Parenchymal transection during hepatobiliary surgery can disrupt small vasculature or bile ducts, which could be managed difficultly. Sealants are helpful tools to achieve better hemostasis. The aim of this study is to analyze the hemostatic efficiency of four modern sealants in a porcine model. In this study, 40 landrace pigs were assigned equally to the control (without sealant) and four sealant groups. Standardized liver resection and splenic lesions were performed and left without using sealant (control) or treated with one of the following sealants: TachoSil(®) , Tissucol Duo(®) , Coseal(®) , and FloSeal(®) . We measured relative and absolute bleeding times (seconds) as well as total blood loss (g) in a maximum observation time of 300 s. Sealants could show a significantly improved hemostasis comparing to the control group. However, hemostasis was heterogeneous among the sealant groups (liver resection: 60%-100%, spleen injury: 70%-100%). The mean blood loss decreased significantly using sealants comparing to control group (liver resection: 6-120 fold, spleen injury: 2.5-36 fold). The hemostatic time in groups that achieved complete hemostasis was different in each sealant group (liver resection: 30-166 s, spleen injury: 60-180 s). We conclude that the hemostatic efficacy of modern sealants is impressive but heterogeneous in liver resection or splenic lesion. To maximize the effectiveness of these tools, the indication of each sealant should be carefully considered in individual settings by the surgeons. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Influence of Shortened Light-curing Duration on the Potential of Resin-based Surface Sealants to Prevent Erosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegehaupt, Florian; Jorge, Fabiana; Attin, Thomas; Tauböck, Tobias

    To determine whether reducing the light-curing time of resin-based surface sealants influences their potential to prevent erosion, as well as their mechanical stability and degree of conversion. 240 bovine dentin samples were randomly divided into 10 groups (1-10). The 24 samples of one group remained unsealed and served as control. Three groups were sealed with Seal&Protect, another three groups with K-0184 (experimental sealant), and the remaining three groups with Syntac Classic. One group of each sealant was light cured for 10 s, another group of that sealant for 5 s, and the last group of the respective sealant for 2 s at 1014 mW/cm2. After 7-day water storage, the first measurement of sealant permeability was performed. The samples were stored in hydrochloric acid (pH 2.3) for 24 h and the dentin calcium release was measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Following thermomechanical loading (5000 cycles, 5°/50°C, 12,000 brushing strokes), the second measurement of sealant permeability was performed. Additionally, the sealants' degrees of conversion (DC) were determined by FTIR spectroscopy. For the first and second measurements, no significant difference in the permeability of the sealants was observed when the light-curing duration was shortened. Additionally, no significant difference in the stability of the respective sealants was observed when light cured for different durations. Regarding DC, a significant influence of the light-curing duration was observed (p = 0.000). Shortening the light-curing time has no influence on permeability and stability of the investigated sealants. However, short light-curing times (2 s or 5 s) decrease the DC of the tested sealants.

  7. Retention of dental sealants placed on sound teeth and incipient caries lesions as part of a service-learning programme in rural areas in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto-Rojas, Armando E; Escoffié-Ramírez, Mauricio; Pérez-Ferrera, Gloriana; Guido, Joseph A; Mantilla-Rodriguez, Andres A; Martinez-Mier, Esperanza A

    2012-11-01

    Dental sealants are an effective treatment for the prevention and management of caries. To determine the retention of sealants placed in a rural setting in Mexico as part of an international service-learning (ISL) programme and to determine associations between dental sealant's retention and caries diagnosis at the time of sealant placement. Children aged 6-15 were examined for dental caries, received sealants by dental students as part of an ISL programme, and were re-examined 4, 2, or 1 years after placement to assess sealant survival. Sealants were placed on permanent sound surfaces and enamel caries lesions [International Caries Assessment and Detection System (ICDAS) criteria]. Sealant survival was explored using Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel tests and multivariate prediction models. 219 (46%) of 478 (mean age = 10.53 SD = 5.11) children who had received sealants returned for a recall examination (mean age = 10.89 SD = 3.11). After 1-4 years, 96.4% to 60.6% of the sealants placed on sound teeth had survived, and for sealants placed on surfaces with enamel caries lesions (ICDAS 1-3), 94.2% to 55.6% had survived. Differences were not statistically significant. Sealants had survival rates comparable to those previously reported in the literature. Sealants placed on sound and enamel caries lesions had similar survival rates. © 2012 The Authors. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry © 2012 BSPD, IAPD and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  8. Migration of PCBs from Sealants to Adjacent Material

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Helle Vibeke; Gunnarsen, Lars Bo; Kampmann, Kristoffer

    2015-01-01

    PCB in sealants can migrate into porous surfaces like concrete and brick and contaminate these materials. The study focuses on an analysis of concentration profiles in relation to alleviation of PCB contamination. The PCB content was determined in 20 samples of concrete and 6 samples of brick...... to the concentration of the adjacent material. The profiles of PCB concentration into the materials showed some variation, though in general there is a tendency of relative higher concentration near the primary source in concrete and longer migration at low concentrations in brick. The concentration profiles seemed...... to fit an exponential function for concrete and a power function for brick. Based on the sample series, a worst case scenario for migration was defined. For concrete, it showed that a concentration of less than 50 ppm in the material (hazardous waste) was reached at a distance of 5 cm, whereas for bricks...

  9. [Coagulation factor XIII: more than just a fibrin stabilizer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messaoudi, N; Lamaalmi, F; Chakour, M; Belmekki, A; Naji, M

    2011-03-31

    The role played by coagulation factor XIII in the scarring process is considered. Identified in 1923, the role of factor XIII or the fibrin stabilizing factor in coagulation has been accurately described. Its role in scarring was defined as long ago as 1960 but continues to be unknown to haematologists and doctors treating burn patients. The aim of this paper is to cast more light on this role, which remains a mystery still to be unfolded.

  10. PLATELET RICH FIBRIN: A PROMISING INNOVATION IN REGENERATIVE THERAPY

    OpenAIRE

    De, Arun; Sanjeev; Saif; Farah; Piyush

    2015-01-01

    Platelets can play a crucial role in regenerative therapy as they are reservoirs of growth factors and cytokines which are the key factors for regeneration of the bone and maturation of the soft tissue. Platelet - rich fibr in (PRF) was first described by Choukroun et al. in France. It has been referred to as a second - generation platelet concentrate, which has been shown to have several advantages over traditionally prepared PRP. Platelet - rich fibrin (P...

  11. The angiogenic potential of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin

    OpenAIRE

    Berkmans, Kirsten

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: L-PRF promotes tissue healing in clinical applications such as dental surgery. However, little is known about the mechanisms of action. Angiogenesis is a key process in tissue regeneration. Growth factors, fibrin and leukocytes, as present in L-PRF, are known to be important in angiogenesis. The goal of this study was to investigate whether L-PRF induces blood vessel formation. Materials and methods: The angiogenic cytokine profile of L-PRF CM and exudate was determined by an...

  12. Fibrin thrombi, a cause of clindamycin-associated colitis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogomoletz, W V

    1976-01-01

    Rectal biopsies from five patients with clindamycin-associated colitis were studied with the intention of identifying fibrin thrombi in capillaries. Capillary thrombosis was present in all five cases, three with pseudomembranous colitis and two with non-specific colitis. The significance of capillary thrombosis and its relationship to other ischaemic lesions of the gut are discussed. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 PMID:955507

  13. Development of adhesive pit and fissure sealants using a MMA resin initiated by a tri-n-butyl borane derivative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakabayashi, N; Masuhara, E

    1978-03-01

    A new adhesive fissure sealant, which consists of a solution of 3% 2-hydroxy-3-beta-naphthoxypropyl methacrylate in methyl methacrylate (MMA), poly-MMA powder and an oxidized tri-n-butyl borane, a polymerization initiator, was developed. Tensile bond strength between an acid-etched bovine enamel and a poly-MMA bar joined by this sealant was 60 kg/cm2, and the value did not decrease much after 30 days immersion in water at 37 degrees C. Penetration of fuchsin into the sealant-enamel interface during a percolation test was not observed. SEM observation showed no voids between the enamel and the cured sealant.

  14. Improved sealant retention with bonding agents: a clinical study of two-bottle and single-bottle systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feigal, R J; Musherure, P; Gillespie, B; Levy-Polack, M; Quelhas, I; Hebling, J

    2000-11-01

    Recent in vitro work and a short clinical study suggest that adding a bonding agent layer between sealant and saliva-contaminated enamel allows for adequate bond strength and retention of resin sealants and may improve success of all sealant applications. This five-year clinical study scored 617 occlusal and 441 buccal/lingual molar sealants, with use of a split-mouth design, with half receiving sealant alone and half bonding agent plus sealant. Treatment effects and potential risk factors for sealant failure were tested by means of a Cox regression model. Three bonding agent groups were analyzed for treatment effect: Tenure primer, Scotchbond Multi-Purpose, and 3 single-bottle dentin bonding agents as a third group. The single-bottle group was successful in reducing risk of sealant failure, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.53 (p = 0.014) for occlusal and 0.35 (p = 0.006) for buccal/lingual sealants. Scotchbond was detrimental to occlusal sealant success, with a HR of 2.96 (p = 0.0003). Tenure primer was neutral, showing HRs close to 1.0. Variables that affected success differed between occlusal and buccal/lingual sealants, suggesting that failures on these two surfaces may be dependent upon differing factors. Early eruption stage was a significant risk factor for both surfaces (HR = 2.91, p = 0.00001, occlusal; and HR = 1.52, p = 0.015, buccal/lingual). Behavior (HR = 1.96, p = 0.0007), salivary problems (HR = 1.73, p = 0.002), and visually apparent variations in enamel (HR = 1.51, p = 0.018) were significant risk factors for occlusal sealants only. In addition to completing detailed analyses of risk factors for sealant survival, this study shows that single-bottle bonding agents protect sealant survival, yielding half the usual risk of failure for occlusal sealants and one-third the risk of failure for buccal/lingual sealants.

  15. Effect of Silver Nanoparticle-Added Pit and Fissure Sealant in the Prevention of Dental Caries in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salas-López, Enid Karina; Pierdant-Pérez, Mauricio; Hernández-Sierra, Juan Francisco; Ruíz, Facundo; Mandeville, Peter; Pozos-Guillén, Amaury J

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of pit and fissure sealant mixed with silver nanoparticles on dental caries, by means of monthly measurement of fluorescence with DIAGNOdent over six months. This study was divided in two phases: experimental and clinical. In the experimental phase, the adhesion and microleakage of the pit and fissure sealant experiment were evaluated. Two groups of 10 teeth, without serious carious lesions, were included. Conventional (group A) and silver nanoparticles (group B) were added to the pit and fissure sealant. For the clinical phase, a split-mouth study was performed on 40 children aged 6-10 years old with healthy, erupted permanent first molars. A conventional pit and fissure sealant or a silver nanoparticle-mixed sealant was randomly placed. Repeated measures analysis was performed. Conventional sealant presented an average microleakage of 30.6%, and the silver nanoparticle-mixed sealant showed 33.6% (P=NS). A three times greater reduction in fluorescence was found in the silver nanoparticles group compared to the conventional group (P<0.05). No sex- or age-based associations were found. The silver nanoparticle-mixed sealant reduced tooth demineralization significantly and likely increased remineralization, compared to the conventional sealant.

  16. LIQUIDARMOR CM Flashing and Sealant, High Impact Technology Demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hun, Diana E [ORNL; Bhandari, Mahabir S [ORNL

    2016-12-01

    Air leakage is responsible for about 1.1 quads of energy or 6% of the total energy used by commercial buildings in the US. Consequently, infiltration and exfiltration are among the largest envelope-related contributors to the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning loads in commercial buildings. New air sealing technologies have recently emerged that aim to improve the performance of air barrier systems by simplifying their installation procedure. LIQUIDARMORTM CM Flashing and Sealant is an example of these new advanced material technologies. This technology is a spray-applied sealant and liquid flashing and can span gaps that are up to ¼ in. wide without a supporting material. ORNL verified the performance of LIQUIDARMORTM CM with field tests and energy simulations from a building in which LIQUIDARMORTM CM was one of components of the air barrier system. The Homeland Security Training Center (HTC) at the College of DuPage in Glen Ellyn, IL, served as the demonstration site. Blower door test results show the average air leakage rate in the demonstration site to be 0.15 cfm/ft2 at 1.57 psf, or 63% lower than the 0.4 cfm at 1.57 psf specified in the 2015 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). According to simulation results, HTC lowered its annual heating and cooling cost by about $3,000 or 9% compared to a similar building that lacked an air barrier system. This demonstration project serves as an example of the level of building envelope airtightness that can be achieved by using air barrier materials that are properly installed, and illustrates the energy and financial savings that such an airtight envelope could attain.

  17. Fibrin Glue Injection for Cavernous Sinus Hemostasis Associated with Cranial Nerve Deficit: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Tavanaiepour, Daryoush; Jernigan, Sarah; Abolfotoh, Mohamad; Al-Mefty, Ossama

    2015-01-01

    Fibrin glue injection has been used to control intraoperative cavernous sinus (CS) venous bleeding. There have been no reported complications related to this maneuver. We present a case where a patient developed a sensory trigeminal nerve deficit after injection of fibrin glue into the posterior CS during resection of a petrosal meningioma. We believe that this deficit was due to the compression of the trigeminal ganglion similar to balloon compression procedures. Although fibrin glue injecti...

  18. Physical Determinants of Fibrinolysis in Single Fibrin Fibers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucay, Igal; O’Brien, E. Tim; Wulfe, Steven D.; Superfine, Richard; Wolberg, Alisa S.; Falvo, Michael R.; Hudson, Nathan E.

    2015-01-01

    Fibrin fibers form the structural backbone of blood clots; fibrinolysis is the process in which plasmin digests fibrin fibers, effectively regulating the size and duration of a clot. To understand blood clot dissolution, the influence of clot structure and fiber properties must be separated from the effects of enzyme kinetics and perfusion rates into clots. Using an inverted optical microscope and fluorescently-labeled fibers suspended between micropatterned ridges, we have directly measured the lysis of individual fibrin fibers. We found that during lysis 64 ± 6% of fibers were transected at one point, but 29 ± 3% of fibers increase in length rather than dissolving or being transected. Thrombin and plasmin dose-response experiments showed that the elongation behavior was independent of plasmin concentration, but was instead dependent on the concentration of thrombin used during fiber polymerization, which correlated inversely with fiber diameter. Thinner fibers were more likely to lyse, while fibers greater than 200 ± 30 nm in diameter were more likely to elongate. Because lysis rates were greatly reduced in elongated fibers, we hypothesize that plasmin activity depends on fiber strain. Using polymer physics- and continuum mechanics-based mathematical models, we show that fibers polymerize in a strained state and that thicker fibers lose their prestrain more rapidly than thinner fibers during lysis, which may explain why thick fibers elongate and thin fibers lyse. These results highlight how subtle differences in the diameter and prestrain of fibers could lead to dramatically different lytic susceptibilities. PMID:25714359

  19. Fibrin adhesive derived from snake venom in periodontal surgery: histologicalanalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica D. S. Barbosa

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: A new fibrin adhesive made of buffalo plasma-derived fibrinogen and a thrombin-like snake venom enzyme, has been successfully used to immobilize free gingival grafts. This case series histologically compared sutured grafts (control group with others immobilized by using the fibrin adhesive (experimental group. CASE DESCRIPTION: The grafts were placed in the contralateral mandibular bicuspids of 15 patients, so that each subject received one treatment of each type. Five biopsies of each group were collected at 7, 14 and 45 days of healing, which were histologically and morphometrically analyzed as regards the relative volume density of the different connective tissue components. RESULTS: The sites in the control group presented a higher inflammatory cell density at 7 days and a tendency towards a lower collagen density. In the experimental group, the grafts had an appearance of more advanced healing. Tissue maturity characteristics progressed until 14 and 45 days, but no difference between groups could be noted at these times. Conclusions: Within the limits of the present study, it may be suggested that the alternative fibrin adhesive tested could represent an alternative to sutures in gingival grafts procedures.

  20. The potential applications of fibrin-coated electrospun polylactide nanofibers in skin tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacakova, Marketa; Musilkova, Jana; Riedel, Tomas; Stranska, Denisa; Brynda, Eduard; Zaloudkova, Margit; Bacakova, Lucie

    2016-01-01

    Fibrin plays an important role during wound healing and skin regeneration. It is often applied in clinical practice for treatment of skin injuries or as a component of skin substitutes. We prepared electrospun nanofibrous membranes made from poly(l-lactide) modified with a thin fibrin nanocoating. Fibrin surrounded the individual fibers in the membrane and also formed a thin fibrous mesh on several places on the membrane surface. The cell-free fibrin nanocoating remained stable in the cell culture medium for 14 days and did not change its morphology. On membranes populated with human dermal fibroblasts, the rate of fibrin degradation correlated with the degree of cell proliferation. The cell spreading, mitochondrial activity, and cell population density were significantly higher on membranes coated with fibrin than on nonmodified membranes, and this cell performance was further improved by the addition of ascorbic acid in the cell culture medium. Similarly, fibrin stimulated the expression and synthesis of collagen I in human dermal fibroblasts, and this effect was further enhanced by ascorbic acid. The expression of beta1-integrins was also improved by fibrin, and on pure polylactide membranes, it was slightly enhanced by ascorbic acid. In addition, ascorbic acid promoted deposition of collagen I in the form of a fibrous extracellular matrix. Thus, the combination of nanofibrous membranes with a fibrin nanocoating and ascorbic acid seems to be particularly advantageous for skin tissue engineering.

  1. Comparison of the fibrin-binding activities in the N- and C-termini of fibronectin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rostagno, A A; Schwarzbauer, J E; Gold, L I

    1999-03-01

    Fibronectin (Fn) binds to fibrin in clots by covalent and non-covalent interactions. The N- and C-termini of Fn each contain one non-covalent fibrin-binding site, which are composed of type 1 (F1) structural repeats. We have previously localized the N-terminal site to the fourth and fifth F1 repeats (4F1.5F1). In the current studies, using proteolytic and recombinant proteins representing both the N- and C-terminal fibrin-binding regions, we localized and characterized the C-terminal fibrin-binding site, compared the relative fibrin-binding activities of both sites and determined the contribution of each site to the fibrin-binding activity of intact Fn. By fibrin-affinity chromatography, a protein composed of the 10F1 repeat through to the C-terminus of Fn (10F1-COOH), expressed in COS-1 cells, and 10F1-12F1, produced in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, displayed fibrin-binding activity. However, since 10F1 and 10F1.11F1 were not active, the presence of 12F1 is required for fibrin binding. A proteolytic fragment of 14.4 kDa, beginning 14 residues N-terminal to 10F1, was isolated from the fibrin-affinity matrix. Radio-iodinated 14.4 kDa fibrin-binding peptide/protein (FBP) demonstrated a dose-dependent and saturable binding to fibrin-coated wells that was both competitively inhibited and reversed by unlabelled 14.4 kDa FBP. Comparison of the fibrin-binding affinities of proteolytic FBPs from the N-terminus (25.9 kDa FBP), the C-terminus (14.4 kDa) and intact Fn by ELISA yielded estimated Kd values of 216, 18 and 2.1 nM, respectively. The higher fibrin-binding affinity of the N-terminus was substantiated by the ability of both a recombinant 4F1.5F1 and a monoclonal antibody (mAb) to this site to maximally inhibit biotinylated Fn binding to fibrin by 80%, and by blocking the 90% inhibitory activity of a polyclonal anti-Fn, by absorption with the 25.9 kDa FBP. We propose that whereas the N-terminal site appears to contribute to most of the binding activity of native Fn to

  2. Comparison of the fibrin-binding activities in the N- and C-termini of fibronectin.

    OpenAIRE

    Rostagno, A A; Schwarzbauer, J E; Gold, L I

    1999-01-01

    Fibronectin (Fn) binds to fibrin in clots by covalent and non-covalent interactions. The N- and C-termini of Fn each contain one non-covalent fibrin-binding site, which are composed of type 1 (F1) structural repeats. We have previously localized the N-terminal site to the fourth and fifth F1 repeats (4F1.5F1). In the current studies, using proteolytic and recombinant proteins representing both the N- and C-terminal fibrin-binding regions, we localized and characterized the C-terminal fibrin-b...

  3. In vitro characterization and in vivo behavior of human nucleus pulposus and annulus fibrosus cells in clinical-grade fibrin and collagen-enriched fibrin gels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colombini, Alessandra; Lopa, Silvia; Ceriani, Cristina; Lovati, Arianna B; Croiset, Samantha J; Di Giancamillo, Alessia; Lombardi, Giovanni; Banfi, Giuseppe; Moretti, Matteo

    2015-02-01

    The intervertebral disc (IVD) presents a limited self-repair ability and cell-based therapies have been suggested to prevent or treat IVD lesions. Fibrin-based scaffolds as cell carriers are promising candidates in IVD tissue engineering, thanks to their ability to be easily delivered into the defect and to adapt to the lesion shape, to support/retain the injected cells into the implantation site and to favor the production of a suitable extracellular matrix (ECM). We evaluated the in vitro and in vivo behavior of human nucleus pulposus (NP) and annulus fibrosus (AF) cells in a clinical-grade collagen-enriched fibrin that has never been tested before for orthopedic applications, comparing it with clinical-grade fibrin. The survival of IVD cells seeded within fibrin or collagen-enriched fibrin and the ECM synthesis were evaluated by biochemical, immunohistochemical, and transcriptional analyses, prior and after subcutaneous implantation of the gels in nude mice. After 28 days of implantation, NP and AF cells were still detectable within explants, produced tissue-specific ECM, and showed a higher content of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and type I and II collagen compared to gels before implantation. Both the fibrin gels, enriched or not with collagen, seemed to be suitable for the culture of AF cells, being able to support the homogeneous synthesis of type I collagen, characteristic of the native fibrocartilaginous AF tissue. Differently, fibrin alone was a more suitable matrix for NP culture, supporting the homogeneous deposition of GAGs and type II collagen. In conclusion, our results suggest to combine AF cells with fibrin, enriched or not with collagen, and NP cells with fibrin alone to maintain the typical features of these cell populations, indicating these clinical-grade materials as viable options in cell-based treatments for IVD lesions.

  4. Vital Signs: Dental Sealant Use and Untreated Tooth Decay Among U.S. School-Aged Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Susan O; Wei, Liang; Gooch, Barbara F; Weno, Katherine; Espinoza, Lorena

    2016-10-21

    Tooth decay is one of the greatest unmet treatment needs among children. Pain and suffering associated with untreated dental disease can lead to problems with eating, speaking, and learning. School-based dental sealant programs (SBSP) deliver a highly effective intervention to prevent tooth decay in children who might not receive regular dental care. SBSPs benefits exceed their costs when they target children at high risk for tooth decay. CDC used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014 to estimate current prevalences of sealant use and untreated tooth decay among low-income (≤185% of federal poverty level) and higher-income children aged 6-11 years and compared these estimates with 1999-2004 NHANES data. The mean number of decayed and filled first molars (DFFM) was estimated for children with and without sealants. Averted tooth decay resulting from increasing sealant use prevalence was also estimated. All reported differences are significant at pchildren, sealant use prevalence increased by 16.2 and 8.8 percentage points to 38.7% and 47.8%, respectively. Among low-income children aged 7-11 years, the mean DFFM was almost three times higher among children without sealants (0.82) than among children with sealants. Approximately 6.5 million low-income children could potentially benefit from the delivery of sealants through SBSP. The prevalence of dental sealant use has increased; however, most children have not received sealants. Increasing sealant use prevalence could substantially reduce untreated decay, associated problems, and dental treatment costs.

  5. Survival of sealants in molars affected by molar-incisor hypomineralization: 18-month follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fragelli, Camila Maria Bullio; Souza, Juliana Feltrin de; Bussaneli, Diego Girotto; Jeremias, Fabiano; Santos-Pinto, Lourdes Dos; Cordeiro, Rita de Cássia Loiola

    2017-04-27

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical survival of sealants applied in first permanent molars (FPMs) affected by molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH), at 18 months of follow-up. Forty-one first permanent molars were selected from 21 children, 6-8 years of age. MIH was classified by one calibrated examiner (kappa = 0.80) according to EAPD criteria. The inclusion criteria were fully erupted FPMs with MIH or sound FPMs (without MIH) for which sealant treatment was indicated. The FPMs were assigned to two groups: CG (control group) and HG (MIH group). Both groups were treated with sealant (FluroShield). Clinical follow-up was performed from baseline to 18 months to assess anatomical form, marginal adaptation, retention and presence of caries, according to criteria set by the United States Public Health Service-Modified, and was conducted by a blinded examiner (kappa = 0.80). The actuarial method was used to evaluate the survival of the sealants. The survival rates for the groups were compared using Fisher's exact test (α = 5%). The cumulative survival rates were 81% at 1 month, 68.8% at 6 months, 68.8% at 12 months, and 62.6% at 18 months for CG, and 88% at 1 month, 84% at 6 months, 76% at 12 months, and 72% at 18 months for HG. No significant difference was found between the groups. The sealants in molars affected by MIH presented a survival rate similar to the sealants in the control, suggesting that sealants may be an adequate approach for preventing carious lesions in MIH-affected molars.

  6. Survival of sealants in molars affected by molar-incisor hypomineralization: 18-month follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Maria Bullio FRAGELLI

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical survival of sealants applied in first permanent molars (FPMs affected by molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH, at 18 months of follow-up. Forty-one first permanent molars were selected from 21 children, 6–8 years of age. MIH was classified by one calibrated examiner (kappa = 0.80 according to EAPD criteria. The inclusion criteria were fully erupted FPMs with MIH or sound FPMs (without MIH for which sealant treatment was indicated. The FPMs were assigned to two groups: CG (control group and HG (MIH group. Both groups were treated with sealant (FluroShield. Clinical follow-up was performed from baseline to 18 months to assess anatomical form, marginal adaptation, retention and presence of caries, according to criteria set by the United States Public Health Service-Modified, and was conducted by a blinded examiner (kappa = 0.80. The actuarial method was used to evaluate the survival of the sealants. The survival rates for the groups were compared using Fisher’s exact test (α = 5%. The cumulative survival rates were 81% at 1 month, 68.8% at 6 months, 68.8% at 12 months, and 62.6% at 18 months for CG, and 88% at 1 month, 84% at 6 months, 76% at 12 months, and 72% at 18 months for HG. No significant difference was found between the groups. The sealants in molars affected by MIH presented a survival rate similar to the sealants in the control, suggesting that sealants may be an adequate approach for preventing carious lesions in MIH-affected molars.

  7. Adhesive systems under fissure sealants: yes or no?: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagherian, Ali; Sarraf Shirazi, Alireza; Sadeghi, Ramin

    2016-06-01

    The authors of this systematic review and meta-analysis had 2 aims: to evaluate fissure sealant retention with and without the use of an adhesive system and to compare fissure sealant retention using etch-and-rinse adhesive systems versus self-etching adhesive systems. The authors conducted a literature search (all articles published through November 1, 2015) to identify studies for inclusion in this systematic review. They assessed the quality of the evidence provided using the modified Jadad scale and performed meta-analyses using a random-effects model. The authors considered 12 studies that met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review. In addition, they used 5 of 9 studies related to the first part of the study and 3 of 4 studies related to the second part of the study that met the inclusion criteria for meta-analysis. In the analysis of the first part of the systematic review, the authors found that adhesive systems had a significant positive effect on fissure sealant (odds ratio, 3.294; 95% confidence interval, 1.292-8.401; P = .013). In the analysis of the second part of the systematic review, the authors found that etch-and-rinse adhesives were superior to self-etching adhesives in the fissure sealant procedure (odds ratio, 14.569; 95% confidence interval, 2.616-81.131; P = .002). The use of adhesive systems beneath fissure sealants can increase the retention of fissure sealants. Also, when adhesive systems are used with fissure sealants, etch-and-rinse systems are preferable. Copyright © 2016 American Dental Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Synthetic phenolic antioxidants, including butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), in resin-based dental sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wei; Kannan, Pranav; Xue, Jingchuan; Kannan, Kurunthachalam

    2016-11-01

    Resin-based dental sealants (also referred to as pit-and-fissure sealants) have been studied for their contribution to bisphenol A (BPA) exposure in children. Nevertheless, little attention has been paid to the occurrence of other potentially toxic chemicals in dental sealants. In this study, the occurrence of six synthetic phenolic antioxidants (SPAs), including 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene (BHT), 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-(hydroxyethyl)phenol (BHT-OH), 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-benzaldehyde (BHT-CHO), 2,6-di-tert-butylcyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione (BHT-Q), 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid (BHT-COOH) and 2-tert-butyl-4-methoxyphenol (BHA), was examined in 63 dental sealant products purchased from the U.S. market. BHT was found in all dental sealants at median and maximum concentrations of 56.8 and 1020µg/g, respectively. The metabolites of BHT and BHA were detected in 39-67% of samples, at concentration ranges of shelf-life of the products. The estimated daily intake (EDI) of BHT, following sealant placement, based on a worst-case scenario (application on eight teeth at 8mg each tooth), was 930 and 6510ng/kg bw/d for adults and children, respectively. The EDI of BHT from dental sealants was several orders of magnitude lower than the current acceptable daily intake (ADI) proposed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Validity of Sealant Retention as Surrogate for Caries Prevention – A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickenautsch, Steffen; Yengopal, Veerasamy

    2013-01-01

    Introduction/Aim To appraise the clinical literature in determining whether loss of complete sealant retention as surrogate endpoint is directly associated with caries occurrence on sealed teeth as its clinical endpoint and to apply the appraised evidence in testing the null-hypothesis that the retention/caries ratio between different types of sealant materials (resin and glass-ionomer cement) is not statistically significant ( = Prentice criterion for surrogate endpoint validity). Methods Databases searched PubMed/Medline, Directory of Open Access Journals; IndMed, Scielo. Systematic reviews were checked for suitable trials. The search terms: “fiss* AND seal*” and “fissure AND sealant” were used. Article selection criteria were: clinical trial reporting on the retention and caries occurrence of resin and/or glass-ionomer cement (GIC) fissure sealed permanent molar teeth; minimum 24-month follow-up period; systematic review or meta-analysis. Datasets and information were extracted from accepted trials. The principle outcome measure was the ratio of Risk of loss of complete retention to the Risk of caries occurrence per sealant type (RCR). Risk of bias was assessed in trials and sensitivity analysis with regard to potential confounding factors conducted. The null-hypothesis was tested by graphical and statistical methods. Results The risk of loss of complete retention of sealant materials was associated with the risk of caries occurrence for resin but not for GIC based sealants. The difference between RCR values of the two sealant types was statistically significant (p<0.05). The null-hypothesis was rejected. Conclusions The current clinical evidence suggests that complete retention of pit and fissure sealants may not be a valid surrogate endpoint for caries prevention as its clinical endpoint. Further research is required to corroborate the current results. PMID:24194861

  10. Lung sealant and morbidity after pleural decortication: a prospective randomized, blinded study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lybéris Paraskevas

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives Prolonged postoperative air leaks (AL are a major cause of morbidity. Aim of this work was evaluating use of a Lung Sealant System (Pleuraseal™, Covidien, Mansfield, MA, U.S.A. in pleural decortications for empyema thoracis. Methods From January 2008 to December 2008, 46 consecutive patients received pleural decortications for empyema thoracis. Post-procedural and malignancy-related empyemas were excluded. After hydro-pneumatic test and surgical correction of AL (until satisfaction, patients were assigned (23 per group to Control or Sealant group. Control group underwent no additional interventions. In Sealant group, lung sealant was applied over AL areas. Following variables were measured daily: patients with AL; time to chest drainage (CD removal; CD drainage volume at removal, postoperative length of hospital stay, postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP, and leukocyte counts. Personnel recording parameters were blinded to intervention. Two-tailed t-tests (normally distributed data or Mann - Whitney U-test (not-normally distributed data were used for evaluating significance of differences between group means or medians. Significance of any proportional differences in attributes were evaluated using Fisher's Exact Test. Statistical analysis was carried out using R-software (version 2.8.1. Results Groups were similar regarding demographic and baseline characteristics. No patients were withdrawn from study; no adverse effects were recorded. There were no significative differences on CRP and leukocyte levels between two groups. Compared with the Control group, in Sealant group significantly fewer patients had AL (30 versus 78%, p = 0.012, and drains were inserted for a shorter time (medians, 3 versus 5 days, p = 0.05. Postoperative hospitalization time was shorter in Sealant group than in control group, but difference was not significant (0.7 days, p = 0.121. Conclusions Pleuraseal™ Lung Sealant System significantly reduces

  11. Non-enzymatic activation of prothrombin induced by interaction with fibrin β26-42 region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernyshenko, Volodymyr O; Chernyshenko, Tamara M; Korolova, Dar'ya S; Volynets, Galyna P; Kolesnikova, Iryna N; Platonova, Tetyana M; Lugovskoy, Eduard V

    2015-01-01

    We have discovered that addition of monomeric desAB fibrin to prothrombin leads to appearance of the thrombin-like activity of prothrombin towards S2238 chromogenic substrate. DesA and desABβ(15-42)2 fibrin forms did not cause any activation of prothrombin. From this observation we could suggested that amino acid residues of the 15-42 fragment of BβN-domain presented in desAB fibrin, cleaved in desABβ(15-42)2 fibrin and protected in desA fibrin, play a crucial role in the non-enzymatic activation of prothrombin. To identify the Bβ amino acid residues involved in the fibrin-prothrombin binding we used monoclonal antibodies 1-5G and 2d2a with epitopes in Bβ26-42 and Bβ12-26 fibrin fragments respectively. The thrombin-like activity in the mixture of prothrombin and desAB fibrin was monitored in the presence of each of these monoclonal antibodies. It was found that anti-Bβ12-26 antibody does not exhibit any inhibitory effect on the thombin-like activity of the mixture. In contrast, adding of Bβ26-42 antibody into the mixture of desAB fibrin with prothrombin diminished the thrombin-like activity by 70%. Recombinant dimeric peptides Bβ(15-44)2 and Bβ(15-66)2 that mimic amino acid residues in fibrin were also tested for their ability to activate prothrombin. It was found that both peptides were able to induce non-enzymatic activation of prothrombin. The activation was more evident in the case of Bβ(15-44)2 peptide. From the data obtained we can conclude that desAB fibrin binds to prothrombin through the Bβ26-42 amino acid residues and the formation of such a complex caused a non-enzymatic activation of prothrombin.

  12. Clinical and SEM assessment of ART high-viscosity glass-ionomer sealants after 8-13 years in 4 teeth.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frencken, J.E.F.M.; Wolke, J.G.C.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Resin composite sealants are retained longer than low-viscosity glass-ionomer sealants. Nevertheless, a systematic review showed that there is no evidence that resin composite sealants are superior to low-viscosity glass-ionomers in preventing dentine carious lesion development. This

  13. Sealants for Preventing and Arresting Pit-and-fissure Occlusal Caries in Primary and Permanent Molars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, John T; Tampi, Malavika P; Graham, Laurel; Estrich, Cameron; Crall, James J; Fontana, Margherita; Gillette, E Jane; Nový, Brian B; Dhar, Vineet; Donly, Kevin; Hewlett, Edmond R; Quinonez, Rocio B; Chaffin, Jeffrey; Crespin, Matt; Iafolla, Timothy; Siegal, Mark D; Carrasco-Labra, Alonso

    2016-01-01

    National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012 data indicated that, in the United States, nearly onefourth of children and over one-half of adolescents experienced dental caries in their permanent teeth. The purpose of this review was to summarize the available clinical evidence regarding the effect of dental sealants for the prevention and management of pit-and-fissure occlusal carious lesions in primary and permanent molars, compared with a control without sealants, with fluoride varnishes, or with other head-to head comparisons. The authors included parallel and split-mouth randomized controlled trials that included at least 2 years of follow-up, which they identified using MEDLINE (via PubMed), Embase, LILACS, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and registers of ongoing trials. Pairs of reviewers independently conducted the selection of studies, data extraction, risk of bias assessments, and quality of the evidence assessments by using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. Of 2,869 records screened, the authors determined that 24 articles (representing 23 studies) proved eligible. Moderate-quality evidence suggested that participants who received sealants had a reduced risk of developing carious lesions in occlusal surfaces of permanent molars compared with those who did not receive sealants (odds ratio [OR], 0.15; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.08-0.27) after 7 or more years of follow-up. When the authors compared studies whose investigators had compared sealants with fluoride varnishes, they found that sealants reduced the incidence of carious lesions after 7 or more years of follow-up (OR, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.07-0.51); however, this finding was supported by low-quality evidence. On the basis of the evidence, the authors could not provide a hierarchy of effectiveness among the studies whose investigators had conducted head-to-head comparisons. The investigators of 2 trials provided information

  14. PAH Concentrations Decline Following 2006 Ban on Coal-Tar-Based Pavement Sealants in Austin, Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Metre, P. C.; Mahler, B. J.

    2013-12-01

    Recent studies have concluded that coal-tar-based pavement sealants (CT sealants) are a major source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in non-industrial urban settings in the United States. In 2006, Austin, TX, became the first jurisdiction in the U.S. to ban the use of CT sealants. We evaluated PAH concentrations following the ban by analyzing sediment cores collected from Lady Bird Lake in 2012; Lady Bird Lake impounds the Colorado River in central Austin and receives runoff from much of the greater Austin area. The mean sum concentration of the 16 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Priority Pollutant PAHs (∑PAH16) in one of two 2012 sediment cores analyzed for PAHs declined 75% from before 2006 (mean of 4 samples=8,090 μg kg-1) to 2012 (mean of 2 samples=2,030 μg kg-1), reversing a 40-year (1959-1999) upward trend in PAH concentrations that was previously documented. The downward trend in PAH concentrations in the seven uppermost 1 cm sampling intervals in the first 2012 core was statistically significant (r=0.93, p-value=0.002). Post-2008 PAH trends in the second 2012 core were similar (significant downward trend in the six uppermost 1 cm sampling intervals and mean 2012 ∑PAH16 of 2,390 μg kg-1); however, pre-2007 sediment did not appear to have been preserved in this core likely because of the effects of flooding on sediment deposition and mixing at this site--the largest flood on the Colorado River in Austin in 20 years was in 2007. On the basis of a comparison of lake-sediment PAH profiles to 22 PAH source profiles, the PAH loading to lake sediment continues to be dominated by CT sealants. The continued dominance of proportional PAH loading by CT sealants in spite of decreased concentrations since 2006 might be because legacy CT sealant and contaminated soils and sediments continue to yield PAHs to runoff. A previous study using source-receptor modeling concluded that CT sealants were the largest PAH source to 40 urban lakes studied in the

  15. Caries-preventive effect of a one-time application of composite resin and glass ionomer sealants after 5 years.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beiruti, N.; Frencken, J.E.F.M.; Hof, M.A. van 't; Taifour, D.; Palenstein Helderman, W.H. van

    2006-01-01

    The aim of the present trial was to (1) compare the caries-preventive effect of glass ionomer sealants, placed according to the atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) procedure, with composite resin sealants over time and (2) investigate the caries-preventive effect after complete disappearance of

  16. Effect of type and content of tackifier on adhesion of natural rubber and reclaimed natural rubber based sealant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raethong, P.; Boonkerd, K.

    2017-07-01

    Adhesion property of natural rubber (NR) and reclaimed natural rubber (RNR) based sealant with concrete was studied here. The effect of tackifier type and loading on the tensile properties of the rubber based sealant sandwished between two flat cements was evaluated. There are three different tackifiers including Coumarone-indene resin (CI), petro resin (PE) and gum rosin (GR). The result initially showed that at the 20 phr of tackifier both NR and RNR sealant mixed with CI consumed the highest force to separate the rubber based sealant from the concrete. This might be due to the highest compatiblility between CI and rubber. Regardless of the tackifier type, all NR based sealants showed the cohesive failure while all RNR based sealants only showed the adhesive failure. Moreover, the NR based sealant seemed to be stronger than the RNR based one. When considering the effect of CI loading on the adhesion, it was shown that for both NR and RNR based sealents, the highest stress was observed when the rubber based sealant loaded with the 20 phr of CI.

  17. Dental Sealants: Knowledge, Value, Opinion, and Practice among Dental Professionals of Bathinda City, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asawa, Kailash; Gupta, Vivek V.; Tak, Mridula; Nagarajappa, Ramesh; Chaturvedi, Pulkit; Bapat, Salil; Mishra, Prashant; Roy, Santanu Sen

    2014-01-01

    Objective. The purpose of the study was to assess the knowledge, value, opinion, and practice regarding use of dental sealants among private dental practitioners in Bathinda City, Punjab, India. Materials and Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among all private dental practitioners in Bathinda City, Punjab. A self-administered structured questionnaire consisting of 28 items was used to assess their knowledge, value, opinion, and practice regarding dental sealants. One-way analysis of variance, independent sample t-test, and multivariate regression analysis were utilized for statistical analysis. Confidence level and level of significance were set at 95% and 5%, respectively. Results. The mean scores for knowledge, value, opinion, and practice were 41.8 ± 3.7, 18.7 ± 2.8, 18.1 ± 1.4, and 12.9 ± 2.3, respectively. Analysis revealed that qualification was statistically significant among all dependent variables (P ≤ 0.05); work experience was significantly associated with both knowledge and opinion means scores (P ≤ 0.05). Conclusion. The results suggest that dental practitioners had sufficient knowledge about dental sealants. They also acknowledge the importance of use of dental sealants. Practice of dental sealants in clinics was found adequate but they were not following the specific guidelines and standardized procedures. PMID:24818028

  18. Microleakage assessment of fissure sealant following fissurotomy bur or pumice prophylaxis use before etching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Bagherian

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this investigation was to compare the microleakage level of fissure sealants prepared by a fissurotomy bur or pumice prophylaxis prior to acid etching. Materials and Methods: Ninety freshly extracted healthy maxillary premolar teeth were randomly selected for this investigation. Teeth were then divided into three fissure sealant preparatory groups of A: Fissurotomy bur + acid etch; B: Pumice prophylaxis + acid etch and C: Acid etch alone. Sealant was applied to the occlusal fissures of all specimens using a plastic instrument. This was to avoid any air trap under the sealant. Sample teeth were first thermocycled (1000 cycles, 20 s dwell time and then coated with two layers of nail varnish leaving 2 mm around the sealant. This was then followed by immersion in basic fuchsin 3%. Processed teeth were sectioned longitudinally and examined under a stereomicroscope for microleakage assessment using a score of 0-3. Collected data was then subjected to Kruskall-Wallis Analysis of Variance and Mann-Whitney U-test. P < 0.05 was considered as significant. Results: Teeth in fissurotomy bur and pumice prophylaxis groups had significantly reduced level of microleakage than those in acid etch alone (P = 0.005 and P = 0.003, respectively. Conclusion: Use of fissurotomy bur and pumice prophylaxis accompanied with acid etching appears to have a more successful reduction of microleakage than acid etch alone.

  19. In vitro study of Streptococcus mutans adhesion on composite resin coated with three surface sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Da Hye; Kwon, Tae-Yub

    2017-02-01

    Although the coating of surface sealants to dental composite resin may potentially reduce bacterial adhesion, there seems to be little information regarding this issue. This preliminary in vitro study investigated the adhesion of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) on the dental composite resins coated with three commercial surface sealants. Composite resin (Filtek Z250) discs (8 mm in diameter, 1 mm in thickness) were fabricated in a mold covered with a Mylar strip (control). In group PoGo, the surfaces were polished with PoGo. In groups PS, OG, and FP, the surfaces polished with PoGo were coated with the corresponding surface sealants (PermaSeal, PS; OptiGuard, OG; Fortify Plus, FP). The surfaces of the materials and S. mutans cells were characterized by various methods. S. mutans adhesion to the surfaces was quantitatively evaluated using flow cytometry (n = 9). Group OG achieved the lowest water contact angle among all groups tested (p sealant-coated groups showed statistically similar (groups PS and FP, p > 0.05) or significantly lower (group OG, p sealants significantly reduced S. mutans adhesion to the composite resin polished with the PoGo.

  20. Impact of adhesive and photoactivation method on sealant integrity and polymer network formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boniek Castillo Dutra Borges

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We evaluated the influence of photoactivation method and hydrophobic resin (HR application on the marginal and internal adaptation, hardness (KHN, and crosslink density (CLD of a resin-based fissure sealant. Model fissures were created in bovine enamel fragments (n = 10 and sealed using one of the following protocols: no adhesive system + photoactivation of the sealant using continuous light (CL, no adhesive system + photoactivation of the sealant using the soft-start method (SS, HR + CL, or HR + SS. Marginal and internal gaps and KHN were assessed after storage in water for 24 h. The CLD was indirectly assessed by repeating the KHN measurement after 24 h of immersion in 100% ethanol. There was no difference among the samples with regard to marginal or internal adaptation. The KHN and CLD were similar for samples cured using either photoactivation method. Use of a hydrophobic resin prior to placement of fissure sealants and curing the sealant using the soft-start method may not provide any positive influence on integrity or crosslink density.

  1. Fluoride release and recharge from different materials used as fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayrak, Sule; Tunc, Emine Sen; Aksoy, Abdurrahman; Ertas, Ertan; Guvenc, Dilek; Ozer, Sezin

    2010-07-01

    Fluoride release/recharge properties of fissure sealants are important for their long-term inhibition of caries. This study was conducted to examine the relationship between fluoride release and recharge of pit-and-fissure sealants. Specimens were prepared from 5 different sealant materials: Fissurit F, a conventional resin; Fuji VII, a glass-ionomer cement (GIC); Fuji II LC, a resin-modified GIC; Ionosit, a polyacid-modified composite resin (PMRC); and Aelite Flo, a flowable composite resin. Specimens stored in a polyethylene test tube containing 5.0 ml ultrapure water. On day 21, specimens were exposed to 1.23% APF gel. Fluoride release was measured using a fluoride-specific ion electrode at 1-7, 14, 21, 22, 28, 35 and 42 days. The glass-ionomer based sealants Fuji VII and Fuji II LC had significantly higher fluoride release than the other materials at all times tested (Psealants were shown to have higher initial fluoride release as well as higher fluoride recharge capacity than other sealants.

  2. Polymerization kinetics and mechanical characterization of new formulations of light-cured dental sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osorio, Estrella; Osorio, Raquel; Davidenko, Natalia; Sastre, Roberto; Aguilar, Jose A; Toledano, Manuel

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the study was to develop and evaluate the in vitro performance of a new and simplified formulation of photocuring resin to be used as dental sealant. Two experimental dental sealants (CYTED1 and CYTED2) were formulated and their kinetic of polymerisation and physico-chemical properties were studied and compared to those of two commercially available sealants (Helioseal, Delton-FS). Rates of photoinitiated polymerisation (Rp), as well as the conversions and the quantum yields of polymerisation (phi(p)) were calculated. Flexural strength, Young's modulus, microhardness, microleakage, water sorption, and solubility were also tested. ANOVA, Student-Newman-Keuls, Pearson correlation and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used (p sealant CYTED2, Rp and phi(p) were similar for CYTEDl and Helioseal, and the lowest for Delton. Water sorption values were similar for Helioseal and CYTED2 being higher for CYTED1 and lower for Delton. No differences were found for solubility and microleakage values. Mechanical properties were better for Delton and no differences were found within the rest of the sealants. At short irradiation times (30 s), the maximum effectiveness of the photoinitiating system was obtained by the experimental CYTED2. 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Sealing of Gastrointestinal Anastomoses with a Fibrin Glue-Coated Collagen Patch: A Safety Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Tyge; Rømer, John; Sørensen, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Sealing of anastomoses has previously been tested with several methods, including sealing with liquid fibrin glue. Sealing with a collagen patch coated with fibrin glue components has never been systematically examined. The aim of the present study was to determine the safety of sealing gastroint...

  4. Effect of Titanium-prepared Platelet-rich Fibrin Treatment on the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-02-07

    Feb 7, 2018 ... Rudagi KB, Rudagi B. One-step apexification in immature tooth using grey mineral trioxide aggregate as an apical barrier and autologus platelet-rich fibrin membrane as an internal matrix. J. Conserv Dent 2012;15:196-9. 18. Ruga E, Gallesio C, Boffano P. Platelet rich fibrin and piezoelectric surgery: A safe ...

  5. Molecular weight fibrinogen variants determine angiogenesis rate in a fibrin matrix in vitro and in vivo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaijzel, E.L.; Koolwijk, P.; Erck, M.G.M. van; Hinsbergh, V.W.M. van; Maat, M.P.M. de

    2006-01-01

    Background: During wound repair, fibrin acts both as a barrier to prevent blood loss and as a temporary matrix for the invasion and ingrowth of endothelial and tissue cells. A well-controlled angiogenesis process in the fibrinous exudate matrix is crucial for optimal wound healing. The composition

  6. Genetic predictors of fibrin D-dimer levels in healthy adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.L. Smith (Nicholas); J.E. Huffman (Jennifer E.); D.P. Strachan (David); J. Huang (Jian); A. Dehghan (Abbas); S. Trompet (Stella); L.M. Lopez (Lorna M.); S.Y. Shin (So Youn); J. Baumert (Jens); V. Vitart (Veronique); J.C. Bis (Joshua); S.H. Wild (Sarah); A. Rumley (Ann); Q. Yang (Qiong Fang); A.G. Uitterlinden (André); D.J. Stott (David. J.); G. Davies (Gareth); A.M. Carter (Angela M.); B. Thorand (Barbara); O. Polašek (Ozren); B. McKnight (Barbara); H. Campbell (Harry); A.R. Rudnicka (Alicja); M.H. Chen (Min-hsin); B.M. Buckley (Brendan M.); S.E. Harris (Sarah); A. Peters (Annette); D. Pulanic (Drazen); T. Lumley (Thomas); A.J.M. de Craen (Anton J.M.); D.C. Liewald (David C.); C. Gieger (Christian); I. Ford (Ian); A.J. Gow (Alan J.); M. Luciano (Michelle); D.J. Porteous (David J.); X. Guo (Xiuqing); N. Sattar (Naveed); A. Tenesa (Albert); M. Cushman (Mary Ann); P.E. Slagboom (Eline); P.M. Visscher (Peter M.); T.D. Spector (Tim); T. Illig (Thomas); I. Rudan (Igor); E.G. Bovill (Edwin G.); A.F. Wright (Alan); W.L. McArdle (Wendy); G.H. Tofler (Geoffrey); A. Hofman (Albert); R.G.J. Westendorp (Rudi); J.M. Starr (John); P.J. Grant (Peter J.); M. Karakas (Mahir); N.D. Hastie (Nicholas D.); B.M. Psaty (Bruce); J.F. Wilson (James); G.D.O. Lowe (Gordon); C.J. O'Donnell (Christopher); J.C.M. Witteman (Jacqueline); J.W. Jukema (Jan Wouter); I.J. Deary (Ian); N. Soranzo (Nicole); W. Koenig (Wolfgang); C. Hayward (Caroline)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Fibrin fragment D-dimer, one of several peptides produced when crosslinked fibrin is degraded by plasmin, is the most widely used clinical marker of activated blood coagulation. To identity genetic loci influencing D-dimer levels, we performed the first large-scale,

  7. Fibrin Degradation Products in Sera of Women with Normal Menstruation and Menorrhagia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basu, Himansu K.

    1970-01-01

    Serum concentrations of fibrin degradation products were found to be higher during menstruation than in the intermenstrual phase. Higher concentrations were present in cases of menorrhagia as compared with healthy women and women with various gynaecological disorders but with normal menstrual function. Higher serum concentrations of fibrin degradation products in cases of menorrhagia may indicate increased local fibrinolytic activity in the uterus. PMID:5411448

  8. Randomized clinical trial of fibrin glue versus tacked fixation in laparoscopic groin hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tolver, Mette A; Rosenberg, Jacob; Juul, Poul

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies have indicated clinical advantages of mesh fixation using fibrin glue in transabdominal preperitoneal groin hernia repair (TAPP)  compared with tack fixation. The aim of this randomized double-blinded, controlled, clinical trial is to compare fibrin glue with tacks...

  9. Plasminogen activator activity and plasma-coagulum lysis measured by use of optimized fibrin gel structure preformed in microtiter plates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sidelmann, Johannes Jakobsen; Jespersen, J; Gram, J

    1995-01-01

    We introduce a new fibrin plate assay performed in microtiter plates. By means of spectroscopic studies we optimized the structure of the fibrin gel and then used the optimized fibrin gel to determine plasminogen activator activity. Plasminogen activator solutions were applied on top of the fibri...

  10. Analysis of the hemostatic potential of modern topical sealants on arterial and venous anastomoses: an experimental porcine study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonouni, Hamidreza; Kashfi, Arash; Majlesara, Ali; Stahlheber, Oliver; Konstantinidis, Lukas; Kraus, Thomas W; Mehrabi, Arianeb; Oweira, Hani

    2017-09-01

    One of the widely accepted adjunctive agents in the variety of surgical modalities are sealants. Our study aim was to compare four commonly used modern sealants in a standardized experimental setting to assess their feasibility, and hemostatic efficacy in vascular anastomosis. Forty landrace pigs (weight: 24.7 ± 3.8 kg) were randomized into the control (n = 8) and four sealant groups; TachoSil® (n = 8), Tissucol Duo® (n = 8), Coseal® (n = 8), and FloSeal® (n = 8). After doing a portal vein end-to-end anastomosis as well as stitches of aortic incision, the sealants were applied on anastomotic site. The control group was left intact. In portal vein anastomosis, the sealants led to a complete hemostasis significantly better than control group. The mean of blood loss was also significantly reduced. In successful subgroups, there was a difference in the mean-time to reach complete hemostasis ranging from 15 s in Coseal® to 76 s in FloSeal® group (p  sealants led to a complete hemostasis. The mean blood loss was significantly reduced in sealants groups as well. The four sealants are effective in reducing the suture-hole bleeding in portal vein anastomosis. However, the hemostatic potential is heterogeneous among sealants. This means that "one-size-fits-all" approach is not appropriate for application of sealants in diversity of vascular surgery and it should be based on the type and the severity of injury and the structure of tissue. Comparison of hemostasis efficacy of four modern sealants (TachoSil®, Tissucol Duo®, Coseal®, and FloSeal®) in vascular anastomosis in porcine model. The figures below show the total blood loss (g) in the control and sealant groups after aortotomy (left) and portal vein anastomosis (right). The mean of blood loss decreased significantly by the usage of sealants in both experiment groups as compared to control group (*: p sealant groups vs. control group). 1. The right column shows the mean of

  11. Fibrin Clots Are Equilibrium Polymers That Can Be Remodeled Without Proteolytic Digestion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernysh, Irina N.; Nagaswami, Chandrasekaran; Purohit, Prashant K.; Weisel, John W.

    2012-11-01

    Fibrin polymerization is a necessary part of hemostasis but clots can obstruct blood vessels and cause heart attacks and strokes. The polymerization reactions are specific and controlled, involving strong knob-into-hole interactions to convert soluble fibrinogen into insoluble fibrin. It has long been assumed that clots and thrombi are stable structures until proteolytic digestion. On the contrary, using the technique of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, we demonstrate here that there is turnover of fibrin in an uncrosslinked clot. A peptide representing the knobs involved in fibrin polymerization can compete for the holes and dissolve a preformed fibrin clot, or increase the fraction of soluble oligomers, with striking rearrangements in clot structure. These results imply that in vivo clots or thrombi are more dynamic structures than previously believed that may be remodeled as a result of local environmental conditions, may account for some embolization, and suggest a target for therapeutic intervention.

  12. Self-supported fibrin-polyvinyl alcohol interpenetrating polymer networks: an easily handled and rehydratable biomaterial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bidault, Laurent; Deneufchatel, Marie; Vancaeyzeele, Cédric; Fichet, Odile; Larreta-Garde, Véronique

    2013-11-11

    A fibrin hydrogel at physiological concentration (5 mg/mL) was associated with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) inside an interpenetrating polymer networks (IPN) architecture. Previously, PVA has been modified with methacrylate functions in order to cross-link it by free-radical polymerization. The fibrin network was synthesized by the enzymatic hydrolysis of fibrinogen by thrombin. The resulting self-supported materials simultaneously exhibit the properties of the fibrin hydrogel and those of the synthetic polymer network. Their storage modulus is 50-fold higher than that of the fibrin hydrogel and they are completely rehydratable. These materials are noncytotoxic toward human fibroblast and the fibrin present on the surface of PVAm-based IPNs favors cell development.

  13. Microbiology and pathology of fibrinous pericarditis in Danish slaughter pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buttenschøn, J.; Friis, N.F.; Aalbaek, B.

    1997-01-01

    The prevalence of fibrinous pericarditis detected at slaughter in Danish slaughter pigs is approximately 0.02 %. The microbiology and pathology of this disorder was studied through 46 field cases collected at slaughter from May 1994 to August 1995. Mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, M...... from the pericardium in three cases. The pericardium was sterile in three cases and contained a low grade mixed flora in two; the latter is believed to be a result of the slaughter procedure rather than an infection. No chlamydiae were found in connection with the microbiological examination...

  14. Fibrinous anterior uveitis following laser in situ keratomileusis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parmar Pragya

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A 29-year-old woman who underwent laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK for myopic astigmatism in both eyes presented with severe pain, photophobia and decreased visual acuity in the left eye eight days after surgery. Examination revealed severe anterior uveitis with fibrinous exudates in the anterior chamber, flap edema and epithelial bullae. Laboratory investigations for uveitis were negative and the patient required systemic and intensive topical steroids with cycloplegics to control the inflammation. This case demonstrates that severe anterior uveitis may develop after LASIK and needs prompt and vigorous management for resolution.

  15. Retention of fissure sealants in young permanent molars affected by dental fluorosis: a 12-month clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasanuddin, S; Reddy, E R; Manjula, M; Srilaxmi, N; Rani, S T; Rajesh, A

    2014-10-01

    To evaluate and compare retention and caries occurance following placement of Clinpro and FUJI VII fissure sealants, by two different techniques simultaneously in unsealed, contralateral young permanent molars of 7- to 10-year-old children affected by mild to moderate dental fluorosis at various recall intervals of 1 week, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. 80 schoolchildren with mild to moderate dental fluorosis were assigned to Group A and Group B with 40 children in each group. In Group A Clinpro fissure sealant and in Group B Fuji VII fissure sealant was used. In both the groups fissure sealants were applied by conventional fissure sealant technique (CST) on one side and enameloplasty sealant technique (EST) on the other side of the same arch. The applied fissure sealants were evaluated clinically for retention and caries incidence. Clinpro fissure sealant showed a retention rate of 95% when compared with Fuji VII (57.5%) at the end of 12 months, which was statistically significant. Regarding techniques, EST showed better results than CST in both the groups. Comparison of groups with respect to retention and techniques at different time periods was performed using Mann-Whitney U test (p < 0.05). Comparison of different time periods with respect to retention and technique in all the groups was performed using Wilcoxon matched pairs test by ranks (p < 0.05). Clinpro fissure sealant showed better retention at all treatment intervals, when compared with Fuji VII. Further follow-up is required to study the efficacy of the fissure sealant placement techniques.

  16. Myosin: a noncovalent stabilizer of fibrin in the process of clot dissolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolev, Krasimir; Tenekedjiev, Kiril; Ajtai, Katalin; Kovalszky, Ilona; Gombas, Judit; Váradi, Balázs; Machovich, Raymund

    2003-06-01

    Myosin modulates the fibrinolytic process as a cofactor of the tissue plasminogen activator and as a substrate of plasmin. We report now that myosin is present in arterial thrombi and it forms reversible noncovalent complexes with fibrinogen and fibrin with equilibrium dissociation constants in the micromolar range (1.70 and 0.94 microM, respectively). Competition studies using a peptide inhibitor of fibrin polymerization (glycl-prolyl-arginyl-proline [GPRP]) indicate that myosin interacts with domains common in fibrinogen and fibrin and this interaction is independent of the GPRP-binding polymerization site in the fibrinogen molecule. An association rate constant of 1.81 x 10(2) M(-1) x s(-1) and a dissociation rate constant of 3.07 x 10(-4) s(-1) are determined for the fibrinogen-myosin interaction. Surface plasmon resonance studies indicate that fibrin serves as a matrix core for myosin aggregation. The fibrin clots equilibrated with myosin are stabilized against dissolution initiated by plasminogen and tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) or urokinase (at fibrin monomer-myosin molar ratio as high as 30) and by plasmin under static and flow conditions (at fibrin monomer-myosin molar ratio lower than 15). Myosin exerts similar effects on the tPA-induced dissolution of blood plasma clots. Covalent modification involving factor XIIIa does not contribute to this stabilizing effect; myosin is not covalently attached to the clot by the time of complete cross-linking of fibrin. Thus, our in vitro data suggest that myosin detected in arterial thrombi binds to the polymerized fibrin, in the bound form its tPA-cofactor properties are masked, and the myosin fibrin clot is relatively resistant to plasmin.

  17. [Sealing effect of fibrin glue spray on protection of cerebrospinal fluid leakage through the dura mata].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terasaka, S; Sawamura, Y; Abe, H

    1994-11-01

    Fibrin glue, a biologic adhesive, is made with highly concentrated human fibrinogen and clotting factors. It has become used frequently in neurosurgical procedures, in particular in the closure of the dura mata to prevent cerebrospinal fluid leakage. This report evaluates sealing effects of the fibrin glue on cerebrospinal fluid leakage through the dura. (1) Three manipulations for application of fibrin glue were used; i.e., layer, mixture and spray methods. These methods were compared to estimate their sealing effects on water leakage through a 1.2mm pore in an artificial dura. The burst pressure was significantly higher when the spray method was used than when the other two methods were used. (2) Dural incision was made and then sutured at intervals of 2mm, 3mm, 4mm, 6mm, and 8mm. Fibrin glue was applied by a spray method on the sutured dura. The burst pressure of the fibrin plate was over 80cmH2O on every interval of dural suture. (3) Dural defects 2mm, 4mm, 6mm, and 8mm in diameter were made, and then spray of fibrin glue was used to shield the defects. The fibrin clot spreading to the inner and outer surfaces of the pore defect was plug-shaped. The fibrin plug tolerated water pressure over 200cmH2O, in every size of pore. In conclusion, the optimal method for using fibrin glue on the surface of the dura was a spray method. Fibrin plate/clot made by the spray method sealed the dural tear or pore so well that it sustained a water pressure of over 80cmH2O, which is far higher than normal pressure of the intracranial cerebrospinal fluid.

  18. Pit and fissure sealants: review of literature and application technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bromo, F; Guida, A; Santoro, G; Peciarolo, M R; Eramo, S

    2011-10-01

    Molars and premolars are the most vulnerable teeth to caries attack. The high susceptibility of these teeth to caries is directly related to morphology of their occlusal surface that prevents both chemical cleaning by saliva and mechanical cleaning by toothbrush. Pit and fissures are therefore the most prone areas to caries and need special protection to prevent carious lesions. Fluoride is the only chemical element used for caries prevention. In fact, it favors the remineralisation of initial lesions, prevents the production of polysaccharides essential for the development and sustainment of bacterial plaque, and the absorption of salivary glycoprotein. Fluoride also reinforces enamel, making it less susceptible to caries. Two methods of fluoroprophylaxis have been proposed: the first is the systemic fluoroprophylaxis which is particularly efficient in preventing interproximal caries, but it does not form an adequate protective barrier on the occlusal surfaces; the other is the topical application of a fluoride gel to the tooth surface, although this second method does not significantly reduce the incidence of caries. The efficacy of the sealing procedures depends on the correct application technique. Observing an operative protocol will ensure a longer lasting retention of the sealant on the occlusal surface and subsequently prolongs the protection against caries.

  19. Long-term release of fluoride from fissure sealants-In vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosior, Piotr; Dobrzyński, Maciej; Korczyński, Mariusz; Herman, Katarzyna; Czajczyńska-Waszkiewicz, Agnieszka; Kowalczyk-Zając, Małgorzata; Piesiak-Pańczyszyn, Dagmara; Fita, Katarzyna; Janeczek, Maciej

    2017-05-01

    The intensity of the cariostatic activity of fluoride ions can be attributed to their multidirectional influence on the caries process. They are an irreplaceable factor that helps sustain mineral balance of dental tissues, simultaneously demonstrating antibacterial properties. As a consequence, many manufacturers of fissure sealants include fluoride ions in their products. The aim of this in vitro study was to determine long-term fluoride release from four fissure sealants (Conseal F, Fissurit FX, Delton Fs+, Admira Seal). During a 14-week-long observation, all the materials showed a relatively constant level of F- release; however, it is crucial to mention that within the first 48h, the most significant increase in fluoride release was found for Fissurit and Delton sealants. Based on the overall assessment, the highest total amount of the released fluoride ions was observed for Delton, and the lowest level was reported for Admira Seal. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  20. Color and opacity of composites protected with surface sealants and submitted to artificial accelerated aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar, Fabiano Gamero; Roberti Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca; Cruvinel, Diogo Rodrigues; Sousa, Ana Beatriz Silva; de Carvalho Panzeri Pires-de-Souza, Fernanda

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate the color similarity, stability and opacity of composites (TPH, Charisma, and Concept, shade A2) protected with surface sealants (Fortify Plus and Biscover) and cyanoacrylate (Super Bonder). Forty specimens of each composite were made and separated into 4 groups (n=10) according to the surface protection: GI - without sealant; GII - cyanoacrylate; GIII - Fortify Plus; GIV - Biscover. Color and opacity readings were taken before and after Artificial Acelerated Aging (AAA) and the values obtained for color stability were submitted to statistical analysis by 2-way ANOVA and Bonferroni's test (Pcolor similarity were submitted to 1-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (Pcolor similarity among them. All composites presented color alteration after AAA with clinically unacceptable values. Protected groups presented lower opacity variation after AAA, in comparison with the control goup. SEM evaluation demonstrated that AAA increased the surface irregularities in all of the studied groups. Surface sealants were not effective in maintaining composite color, but were able to maintain opacity.

  1. Social Marketing Risk-Framing Approaches for Dental Sealants in Rural American Indian Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, Laura S; Champine, Dorothy; Hoyt, Dee; Lin, Lillian; Salois, Emily; Silvas, Sharon; Tail, Terri Weasel; Williams, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    To compare three variants of a culturally relevant and theoretically based message to determine the most influential risk-framing approach for improving intention to place dental sealants for preschool children. A convenience sample of adult, American Indian participants (n = 89) attending a community health fair were assigned to view a gain-framed, loss-framed, or mix-framed dental sealant message. We compared participants' scores on a 46-item survey to determine the relative effect of the frame assignment on seven indices of behavior change. The mean difference in participants' stage-of-change scores (x = 1.17, n = 89, SD = 1.90) demonstrated a significant improvement for all groups after watching the dental sealant message t88  = 5.81, p social marketing campaign with a rural, American Indian audience. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Minimally Invasive Pterygium Surgery: Sutureless Excision with Amniotic Membrane and Hydrogel Sealant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sailaja Bondalapati

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To describe a novel technique for sutureless pterygium surgery using ReSure® tissue sealant. Methods: In this retrospective observational case series, we describe a modified procedure for pterygium excision followed by amniotic membrane transplant (AMT adhered to the corneal and conjunctival defects using ReSure tissue sealant. Results: Nine eyes of seven patients (age range: 28-80 years, 4 females and 3 males underwent pterygium removal with AMT followed by adherence of tissue to the conjunctival edges with ReSure. No issues with transplant dislocation or failure and no intra- or postoperative complications were noted. No recurrences were noted during the follow-up period. Conclusion: ReSure may be considered as a potential sealant to adhere AMT to defective corneal and conjunctival tissues in sutureless pterygium surgery.

  3. Computational imaging analysis of fibrin matrices with the inclusion of erythrocytes from homozygous SS blood reveals agglomerated and amorphous structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Averett, Rodney D; Norton, David G; Fan, Natalie K; Platt, Manu O

    2017-01-01

    Sickle cell disease is a single point mutation disease that is known to alter the coagulation system, leading to hypercoagulable plasma conditions. These hypercoagulable conditions can lead to complications in the vasculature, caused by fibrin clots that form undesirably. There is a need to understand the morphology and structure of fibrin clots from patients with sickle cell disease, as this could lead to further discovery of treatments and life-saving therapies. In this work, a computational imaging analysis method is presented to evaluate fibrin agglomeration in the presence of erythrocytes (RBCs) homozygous for the sickle cell mutation (SS). Numerical algorithms were used to determine agglomeration of fibrin fibers within a matrix with SS RBCs to test the hypothesis that fibrin matrices with the inclusion of SS RBCs possess a more agglomerated structure than native fibrin matrices with AA RBCs. The numerical results showed that fibrin structures with SS RBCs displayed an overall higher degree of agglomeration as compared to native fibrin structures. The computational algorithm was also used to evaluate fibrin fiber overlap (aggregation) and anisotropy (orientation) in normal fibrin matrices compared to fibrin matrices polymerized around SS RBCs; however, there was no statistical difference. Ultrasound measurements of stiffness revealed rigid RBCs in the case of samples derived from homozygous SS blood, and densely evolving matrices, when compared to normal fibrin with the inclusion of AA RBCs. An agglomeration model is suggested to quantify the fibrin aggregation/clustering near RBCs for both normal fibrin matrices and for the altered structures. The results of this work are important in the sense that the understanding of aggregation and morphology in fibrin clots with incorporation of RBCs from persons living with sickle cell anemia may elucidate the complexities of comorbidities and other disease complications.

  4. Microleakage, adaptation ability and clinical efficacy of two fluoride releasing fissure sealants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marković Dejan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Retention of fissure sealants and good adaptation to enamel are essential for their success. Fluoride releasing resin-based materials are widely accepted for pit and fissure sealing, but newly designed glass ionomers can serve as a good alternative. The aim of this study was to evaluate microleakage and sealing ability in vitro, and to clinically assess two fluoride releasing fissure sealants. Methods. The sample for experimental study consisted of 20 freshly extracted intact human third molars, divided in two experimental groups according to the sealing material: fluoride releasing resin-based (Heliosel F and glass ionomer (Fuji Triage material. Digital images and scanning electron microscope were used to assess microleakage and adaptation ability. Sample for clinical study consisted of 60 children, aged 6-8 years, with high caries risk, divided in two groups according to the sealant material. Fissure sealant was applied to all erupted, caries-free first permanent molars. Sealants were evaluated after 3, 6 and 12 months using modified Ryge criteria for retention, marginal adaptation, colour match, surface smoothness and caries. Results. Microleakage was detected in more than half of the specimen, without significant differences between the two groups (p > 0.05. Both materials exhibited acceptable sealing ability. Complete retention at the end of the observation period was 81.8% for resin-based, and 21.1% for glass-ionomer fissure sealant (p < 0.001. The presence of caries in sealed molars has been detected in one patient in both groups. During the 12-month observation period, Helioseal F demonstrated better retention, marginal adaptation and surface smoothness (p < 0.001. There were no differences between the two materials regarding caries and color match (p > 0.05. Conclusion. Both tested materials demonstrate satisfactory clinical and caries prophylactic characteristics that justify their use in contemporary preventive

  5. Dental sealants and flowable composite restorations and psychosocial, neuropsychological, and physical development in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maserejian, Nancy N; Shrader, Peter; Trachtenberg, Felicia L; Hauser, Russ; Bellinger, David C; Tavares, Mary

    2014-01-01

    Dental sealant materials may intraorally release their components, including bisphenol-A (BPA), but long-term health effects are uncertain. The New England Children's Amalgam Trial (NECAT) found that composite restorations were associated with psychosocial, but not neuropsychological or physical, outcomes. The previous analysis did not consider sealants and preventive resin restorations (PRRs), which were routinely placed. The purpose of this analysis was to examine sealant/PRR exposure in association with psychosocial and other health outcomes. NECAT recruited 534 six- to 10-year-olds and provided dental care during a five-year follow-up. Annually, examiners conducted psychosocial and neuropsychological tests and measured body mass index (BMI) and fat percentage (BF%). Associations between surface years (SY) of sealants/PRRs and outcomes were tested using multivariable models. Cumulative exposure level to sealants and/or PRRs was not associated with psychosocial assessments (eg, total problems: Child Behavior Checklist, 10-SY β=-0.2 ± 0.3, P=.60) or neuropsychological tests (eg, full-scale IQ, 10-SY β=0.1 ± 0.2, P=.60). There were no associations for changes in BMI-for-age z-score (P=.40), BF% (girls 10-SY β=-0.2 ± 0.3; boys 10-SY β=-0.1 ± 0.3), or menarche (10-SY hazard ratio=0.91, 95% confidence interval=0.83-1.01, P=.08). This study showed no associations between exposure level of dental sealants or PRRs and behavioral, neuropsychological, or physical development in children over 5-years.

  6. Public health sealant delivery programs: optimal delivery and the cost of practice acts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherrer, Christina R; Griffin, Paul M; Swann, Julie L

    2007-01-01

    The greatest unmet health need for US children is dental care. School-based sealant programs target low-income, high-risk second graders and are effective in preventing caries for as long as the sealant material remains in place. However, it is not clear whether such programs make efficient use of available resources and staffing. The authors used discrete event simulation to determine the optimal combinations of staffing levels and sealant stations for school-based sealant programs. Using data provided by state programs and the literature, they modeled different-sized programs under different practice act constraints and determined times and associated costs. A detailed economic analysis was done for Wisconsin. For general, direct, or indirect supervision, it is optimal to have only 1 dentist or no dentists for no supervision. For general supervision, it is optimal to have the dentist and dental assistant to come on separate days to screen. The cost savings for adding an assistant and chair averaged over all of the program sizes and travel distances ranged from 4.50% (SE= 0.89) to 10.94% (SE= 0.56). Significant cost savings also result from reducing the required supervision level (8.72% [SE = 1.61] to 29.96% [SE= 1.67]). The cost of the practice act for the state of Wisconsin for 2003 was from USD 83,041 to USD 346,156, significantly more than its annual budget. States could save money by relaxing restrictions on the type of personnel who can deliver sealants in public health settings and by productivity gains through proper consideration of staffing. The savings could be used to improve access to sealant programs and further reduce disparities in oral health.

  7. Evaluation of knowledge, attitude and practice of students’ parents about fissure sealant therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golestan B

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground and Aims: Fissure sealant therapy is a national program in elementary schools in Iran. Therefore, evaluation of the parents' knowledge and attitude is necessary to improve the program."nMaterials and Methods: In this cross-sectional and descriptive-analytic study, Iranian students were chosen in a randomized cluster manner. The questionnaires were filled-out by students' parents to evaluate their general information, knowledge, and attitude. Moreover, students were examined for having any fissure-sealed teeth. Data were collected and analyzed by multiple logistic regression tests."nResults: 414 boy students and their parents were participated in this study. 57.6% of parents knew that fissure sealant prevents the caries and 44.5% believed that fissure sealant is important to prevent caries. However, only 8.9% of children had fissure sealant. Parents' knowledge was significantly related to the source of oral health information and oral health education. Regular dental visits and high level education was effective in increasing the knowledge about sealant therapy. There was a significant relation between parents' attitude toward fissure sealant and level of education, oral health education and numbers and times of dental visit (P<0.001. There were a significant relation between tooth sealing and parents' oral health information."nConclusion: Regular dental visits and oral health education have positive role in parent's knowledge and attitude and practice. So parents must be encouraged to have regular dental visit and dentists must be emphasized to give them necessary education. School is the best place for giving proper information to parents.

  8. Characterisation and microleakage of a new hydrophilic fissure sealant - UltraSeal XT® hydro™

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeynep A. GÜÇLÜ

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objectives The aim of this study was to characterise the new hydrophilic fissure sealant, UltraSeal XT® hydro™ (Ultradent Products, USA, and to investigate its in vitro resistance to microleakage after placement on conventionally acid etched and sequentially lased and acid etched molars. Material and Methods The sealant was characterised by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM, energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX, and Vickers indentation test. Occlusal surfaces of extracted human molars were either conventionally acid etched (n=10, or sequentially acid etched and laser irradiated (n=10. UltraSeal XT® hydro™ was applied to both groups of teeth which were then subjected to 2,500 thermocycles between 5 and 55°C prior to microleakage assessment by fuchsin dye penetration. Results UltraSeal XT® hydro™ is an acrylate-based sealant that achieved a degree of conversion of 50.6±2.2% and a Vickers microhardness of 24.2±1.5 under standard light curing (1,000 mWcm-2 for 20 s. Fluoride ion release is negligible within a 14-day period. SEM and EDX analyses indicated that the sealant comprises irregular submicron and nano-sized silicon-, barium-, and aluminium-bearing filler phases embedded in a ductile matrix. Laser preconditioning was found to significantly reduce microleakage (Mann-Whitney U test, p<0.001. The lased teeth presented enhanced surface roughness on a 50 to 100 μm scale that caused the segregation and concentration of the filler particles at the enamel-sealant interface. Conclusion Laser preconditioning significantly decreased microleakage and increased enamel surface roughness, which caused zoning of the filler particles at the enamel-sealant interface.

  9. In vitro study of microleakage of fissure sealant with different previous treatments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    del Urquía, Morales María C; Brasca, N; Girardi, M; Bonnin, C; Ríos, M

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to evaluate microleakeage of a sealant after using three different techniques for conditioning the surface to be sealed. Twenty-four caries-free upper and lower premolars were used, which were preserved in distilled water at room temperature. The structural faults were enlarged using a cylindrical conical diamond (ISO 007). Teeth were randomly assigned into three groups of eight. Group I (control) was conditioned with 37% phosphoric acid (Vivadent) for 15 seconds after which the sealant Helioseal F (Vivadent) was applied and cured for 40 seconds. Group II was conditioned in the same way, after which one-step adhesive Te-econom (Vivadent) and the sealant were applied. Group III was conditioned using a self-etching adhesive, Go (SDI), after which the sealant was applied. Adhesive was applied according to the manufacturer's instructions. The samples were thermocycled for 300 cycles between 5 degrees and 55 degreesC and immersed in a 2% methylene blue solution for 48 hs. at standardized temperature of 37 degreesC +/- 1 degree. Then they were rinsed with tap water and ground longitudinally in V-P direction with silica carbide rotatory disks of decreasing grit. The amount of leakage was evaluated under stereoscopic microscope at 40X magnification. The longitudinal penetration of dye into the tooth-sealant interface was scored on a scale of 0 to 3. The results were analyzed by a Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test. In Group II, 100% of the samples showed low (50%) or no (50%) leakage. Both the other groups had a higher percentage of specimens with high leakage (scores 2 and 3) (P = 0.000). Group II had the best performance, with significant differences (P = 0.0028) compared to the other experimental groups. Marginal leakage was lowest when the tooth was conditioned with phosphoric acid and subsequent application of an adhesive, prior to sealant.

  10. Evaluation of Atraumatic Restorative Treatment restorations and sealants under field conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motsei, S M; Kroon, J; Holtshousen, W S

    2001-07-01

    Conventional restorative procedures require the use of dental materials, expensive equipment, instruments and electricity. This makes dental restorations costly and limits the availability and accessibility of the service to areas where these facilities are available. The new philosophy of restorative care requires minimal intervention and advocates early interception of the caries process through the use of glass-ionomers as sealants and as restorations. This new approach makes dental care accessible to all members of society in developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) restorations and sealants under field conditions. Both were assessed for their retentive properties and the development of secondary caries adjacent to the procedures. A longitudinal study design was followed. ART restorations and sealants were assessed at intervals of 6 and 12 months. After 12 months 56.5% of ART restorations were still present in the primary dentition and 84% in the permanent dentition. Of these 85.1% had no defects in the primary and 78.6% no defects in the permanent teeth. 72.3% of primary and 92% of permanent teeth on which ART restorations were placed had no caries after 1 year. Even though most of the sealants were absent due to poor retention after 12 months (89.6%), 98.9% of the teeth where the sealant was initially placed had no caries. Only 6.3% of sealants present had marginal defects. The ART technique is strongly recommended for the management of small, occlusal carious lesions in primary and permanent teeth.

  11. Anti Streptococcus mutans non fluoride and fluoride containing sealants after adding nano-silver particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Ghasempour

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available   Background and Aims: Since recurrent caries are one of the major causes of failure in resin restorations, the production of antibacterial resin composites was always under investigation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fissure sealants containing nanosilver particles against the Streptococcus mutans.   Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, the antibacterial properties of two sealants (with fluoride (Clinpro 3M and without fluoride (Concise 3M was investigated with 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05% w/w after adding nano-silver using direct contact test. Sealants formed on the walls of 500ml micro tube and after curing, they left in contact with bacterial suspension. In periods of 3, 24, 48h, a 10 µl volume of liquid medium was placed in blood agar culture and after 24 h incubation at 37ºC, the number of S.mutans colony was counted by colony counter. Data were analyzed using ANOVA andT-test.   Results: Results reported sealants with fluoride comparing to non fluoride ones had significant effect on inhibition of S.mutans growth (P<0.001. The direct contact test demonstrated that by increasing the amount of nano particles, the bacterial growth was significantly diminished (P<0.001.   Conclusion: While sealants with fluoride demonstrated antibacterial effect, sealants with incorporation of higher weight percentage of nanosilver particles, had stronger and more significant antibacterial effect in direct contact test.

  12. Soft fibrin gels promote selection and growth of tumourigenic cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jing; Tan, Youhua; Zhang, Huafeng; Zhang, Yi; Xu, Pingwei; Chen, Junwei; Poh, Yeh-Chuin; Tang, Ke; Wang, Ning; Huang, Bo

    2012-01-01

    The identification of stem-cell-like cancer cells through conventional methods that depend on stem-cell markers is often unreliable. We developed a mechanical method of selecting tumourigenic cells by culturing single cancer cells in fibrin matrices of ~100 Pa in stiffness. When cultured within these gels, primary human cancer cells or single cancer cells from mouse or human cancer cell lines grew within a few days into individual round colonies that resembled embryonic stem-cell colonies. Subcutaneous or intravenous injection of 10 or 100 fibrin-cultured cells in syngeneic or severe-combined-immunodeficiency mice led to the formation of solid tumours at the site of injection or at the distant lung organ much more efficiently than control cancer cells selected using conventional surface marker methods or cultured on conventional rigid dishes or on soft gels. Remarkably, as few as 10 such cells were able to survive and form tumours in the lungs of wild-type non-syngeneic mice. PMID:22751180

  13. Aluminum adjuvants elicit fibrin-dependent extracellular traps in vivo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munks, Michael W.; McKee, Amy S.; MacLeod, Megan K.; Powell, Roger L.; Degen, Jay L.; Reisdorph, Nichole A.; Kappler, John W.

    2010-01-01

    It has been recognized for nearly 80 years that insoluble aluminum salts are good immunologic adjuvants and that they form long-lived nodules in vivo. Nodule formation has long been presumed to be central for adjuvant activity by providing an antigen depot, but the composition and function of these nodules is poorly understood. We show here that aluminum salt nodules formed within hours of injection and contained the clotting protein fibrinogen. Fibrinogen was critical for nodule formation and required processing to insoluble fibrin by thrombin. DNase treatment partially disrupted the nodules, and the nodules contained histone H3 and citrullinated H3, features consistent with extracellular traps. Although neutrophils were not essential for nodule formation, CD11b+ cells were implicated. Vaccination of fibrinogen-deficient mice resulted in normal CD4 T-cell and antibody responses and enhanced CD8 T-cell responses, indicating that nodules are not required for aluminum's adjuvant effect. Moreover, the ability of aluminum salts to retain antigen in the body, the well-known depot effect, was unaffected by the absence of nodules. We conclude that aluminum adjuvants form fibrin-dependent nodules in vivo, that these nodules have properties of extracellular traps, and the nodules are not required for aluminum salts to act as adjuvants. PMID:20876456

  14. Estrogenicity of bisphenol A released from sealants and composites: a review of the literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eramo, Stefano; Urbani, Giacomo; Sfasciotti, Gian Luca; Brugnoletti, Orlando; Bossù, Maurizio; Polimeni, Antonella

    2011-01-01

    Summary This study aims to critically summarize the literature about bisphenol A (BPA), indicate whether and how those risks are real and emphasize how it is eventually possible to prevent them. With this in mind, we should consider nature, risks and control of BPA, as well as its presence and its role in sealants and composites. It is important to note that we will focus on literature exclusively written about the possible estrogenic activity (and not about the general toxicology profile) of BPA or its possible derivatives released from composites and sealants (without mentioning, or covering just briefly, similar activities performed by their components). PMID:22238710

  15. Evaluation of resin based and glass ionomer based sealants placed with or without tooth preparation-a two year clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhar, Vineet; Chen, Haiyan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the two year clinical performance of two fissure sealants, placed with and without tooth preparation. A total of 25 children, between 6-10 years of age, had sealants placed and evaluated for two years at six monthly intervals. All the four first permanent molars of each patient were used in split mouth design and subjected to two different sealants with and without tooth preparation. Teeth were evaluated for defects, retention and development of caries. Among the teeth subjected to preparation, 60% of those sealed with glass ionomers and 32% of those sealed with resin sealants showed total loss of sealants at the end of two years. Among the teeth sealed with no preparation, 100% of those sealed with glass ionomers and 80% of those sealed with resin showed total loss. Resin based sealants offered better long term retention compared to glass ionomer-based fissure sealants. Tooth preparation improved the retention of sealants irrespective of the material used. Highest retention was seen in resin sealants with tooth preparation, and lowest retention was seen in glass ionomer-based sealants without preparation. There was a significant increase in caries in teeth sealed after preparation with either material. Teeth sealed with resin sealants exhibited significantly higher caries development compared to teeth sealed with glass ionomers. In the current study, resin-based sealants were found to be superior to glass ionomer-based sealants, and tooth preparation improved retention. Loss of sealants seemed to predispose tooth to development of caries, especially in cases where teeth preparation was done.

  16. Nonuniform Internal Structure of Fibrin Fibers: Protein Density and Bond Density Strongly Decrease with Increasing Diameter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wei; Sigley, Justin; Baker, Stephen R; Helms, Christine C; Kinney, Mary T; Pieters, Marlien; Brubaker, Peter H; Cubcciotti, Roger; Guthold, Martin

    2017-01-01

    The major structural component of a blood clot is a meshwork of fibrin fibers. It has long been thought that the internal structure of fibrin fibers is homogeneous; that is, the protein density and the bond density between protofibrils are uniform and do not depend on fiber diameter. We performed experiments to investigate the internal structure of fibrin fibers. We formed fibrin fibers with fluorescently labeled fibrinogen and determined the light intensity of a fiber, I, as a function of fiber diameter, D. The intensity and, thus, the total number of fibrin molecules in a cross-section scaled as D(1.4). This means that the protein density (fibrin per cross-sectional area), ρp , is not homogeneous but instead strongly decreases with fiber diameter as D(-0.6). Thinner fibers are denser than thicker fibers. We also determined Young's modulus, Y, as a function of fiber diameter. Y decreased strongly with increasing D; Y scaled as D(-1.5). This implies that the bond density, ρb , also scales as D(-1.5). Thinner fibers are stiffer than thicker fibers. Our data suggest that fibrin fibers have a dense, well-connected core and a sparse, loosely connected periphery. In contrast, electrospun fibrinogen fibers, used as a control, have a homogeneous cross-section.

  17. Nonuniform Internal Structure of Fibrin Fibers: Protein Density and Bond Density Strongly Decrease with Increasing Diameter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Li

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The major structural component of a blood clot is a meshwork of fibrin fibers. It has long been thought that the internal structure of fibrin fibers is homogeneous; that is, the protein density and the bond density between protofibrils are uniform and do not depend on fiber diameter. We performed experiments to investigate the internal structure of fibrin fibers. We formed fibrin fibers with fluorescently labeled fibrinogen and determined the light intensity of a fiber, I, as a function of fiber diameter, D. The intensity and, thus, the total number of fibrin molecules in a cross-section scaled as D1.4. This means that the protein density (fibrin per cross-sectional area, ρp, is not homogeneous but instead strongly decreases with fiber diameter as D-0.6. Thinner fibers are denser than thicker fibers. We also determined Young’s modulus, Y, as a function of fiber diameter. Y decreased strongly with increasing D; Y scaled as D-1.5. This implies that the bond density, ρb, also scales as D-1.5. Thinner fibers are stiffer than thicker fibers. Our data suggest that fibrin fibers have a dense, well-connected core and a sparse, loosely connected periphery. In contrast, electrospun fibrinogen fibers, used as a control, have a homogeneous cross-section.

  18. Comparison of The Canary System and DIAGNOdent for the in vitro detection of caries under opaque dental sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvertown, Josh D; Wong, Bonny P Y; Abrams, Stephen H; Sivagurunathan, Koneswaran S; Mathews, Sapna M; Amaechi, Bennett T

    2017-11-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of operators using The Canary System and DIAGNOdent to detect natural pit and fissure caries under four commonly-used opaque dental sealants. Mixed sound and carious pits/fissures (N = 105) selected from 40 human teeth were randomly assigned (10 teeth/group) to one of four opaque sealant groups (Delton, Embrace WetBond, Helioseal F, UltraSeal XT Plus). Selected pits/fissures sites on occlusal surfaces were scanned with The Canary System and DIAGNOdent, sealed, re-scanned, and subjected to polarized light microscopy to confirm whether the scanned regions were sound or carious. Sensitivities and specificities for each detection method before and after sealant placement were calculated. The Canary System and DIAGNOdent were able to distinguish between sound and carious tissue beneath opaque sealants with an accuracy of 76% and 59%, respectively. The Canary System can serve as a clinical tool to aid dental professionals to detect and monitor the status of caries lesions and tooth structure underneath sealant. The increased likelihood of false-positive diagnoses with DIAGNOdent due to intrinsic auto-fluorescence of sealant filler and opacifying agents might limit its usefulness as an aid to detect caries underneath opaque sealants. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  19. The shear properties of a polymer sealant and analyses of the distortion and fatigue of sealed countersunk riveted lap joints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamnerdtong, Notsanop

    Thin layers of low modulus polymer sealants are frequently installed in riveted aircraft lap joints to prevent contact with moisture and retard corrosion. The mechanical effects of thin sealant and adhesive layers on riveted lap joints have resisted analysis and remain ill defined. In this research, thin sealant layers were tested to obtain their shear mechanical behaviors. Finite element analyses (FEA) and the TALA method were used to analyze lap joint behavior with variations in thickness and stiffness of sealant. FEA results are compared with experimental results to validate the computer models. Fatigue tests were performed to understand the effect of a thin sealant layer on the fatigue life of countersunk riveted lap joints. The analyses reveal that the sealant reduces the out-of-plane bending and the stress concentration factor (SCF). The parametric studies indicate that much larger reductions in SCF are possible with stiffer sealants and adhesives. The SCF values, deduced from the fatigue life measurements and S-N curves, correlate with the corresponding SCF values derived from the FEA/TALA analyses.

  20. Systemic review of the prevention of pit and fissure caries of permanent molars by resin sealants in children in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Jun; Gu, Ying; Zhu, Ling; Hu, Yukung; Sun, Ming; Xue, Haowei

    2017-02-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between pit and fissure sealants and the prevention of dental caries in permanent molars of children in China. The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions was followed. Articles published in English and Chinese from 2002 to 2013 were selected. All these studies were randomized clinical trials related to pit and fissure sealants on caries prevention. Data were analyzed using Software Review Manager 5.1. A search of the four largest Chinese medical literature databases and the PubMed/Medline database yielded a total of 397 clinical research studies about the effects of pit and fissure sealants on the prevention of dental caries; 20 original research studies were selected. In this meta-analysis, a total of 12 187 participants were included. Statistical analyses demonstrated a significant association between pit and fissure sealants and dental caries prevention for a 6-month follow-up period (combined odds ratio = 0.06, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.32, P sealants preventing the occurrence of dental caries. Current clinical evidence suggests that pit and fissure sealants are effective for dental caries prevention. Sealants should be placed as part of an overall caries prevention approach. Further research with larger sample sizes and rigorously-designed clinical trials are required to corroborate the current results. © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  1. Can Increasing the Manufacturer's Recommended Shortest Curing Time of High-intensity Light-emitting Diodes Adequately Cure Sealants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branchal, Caroline F; Wells, Martha H; Tantbirojn, Daranee; Versluis, Antheunis

    2015-01-01

    To investigate sealant depth of cure after increasing the curing times of high-intensity light-emitting diode units (LEDs). Three sealants (opaque-unfilled, opaque-filled, and clear-filled) were light cured in a covered-slot mold with: (a) three LEDs (VALO, SmartLite, Fusion) for six to 15 seconds; and (b) a quartz-tungsten halogen (QTH) light for 40 seconds as a control (N=10). Twenty-four hours after light curing, microhardness was measured at the sealant surface and through the depth at 0.5 mm increments. Results were analyzed via analysis of variance followed by the Student-Newman-Keuls test (significance level 0.05). The opaque-filled and clear-filled sealants cured with VALO for six or nine seconds had hardness values that were statistically equivalent to or better than the QTH to a depth of 1.5 mm. Using Fusion for 10 seconds (exposure limit) did not adequately cure the three sealants beyond one mm. SmartLite at 15 seconds (maximum exposure period without overheating) did not adequately cure the sealants beyond 0.5 mm. Among the tested high-intensity LEDs, only VALO at double or triple the manufacturers' shortest curing time (six or nine seconds) provided adequate curing of opaque-filled and clear-filled sealants at 1.5 mm depth compared to the 40-second QTH light.

  2. In vitro comparison of the bond strength to the enamel of conventional and self-etching dental fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stellini, E; De Francesco, M; Avventi, M; Gracco, A; Berengo, M; Simionato, F; Mazzoleni, S

    2013-12-01

    Dental caries in pits and fissures of molars is still very common in young people, despite a gradual reduction in their incidence and prevalence. Prevention with the aid of dental fissure sealants can help to reduce the onset of decay. In vitro tests were conducted to compare the bond strength to enamel of self-etching sealants versus those applied using the conventional procedure. The lingual surface of 40 extracted, caries-free, mandibular third molars was milled to make them flat. The prepared teeth were randomly divided into two groups of 20 teeth each: those in Group A were treated with Clinpro (3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA); those in Group B with Quick Seal (BJM Laboratories Ltd, Or-Yehuda, Israel). Cylinders of sealant were attached to the enamel of the flat surfaces of the samples using a polymerisation process treating the surfaces involved according to the type of material. All samples underwent load testing by means of a universal test machine. The results of the load testing, measured in MPa, were analysed using the Student's t-test for independent samples and the differences proved significant, indicating that the traditionally- applied sealant (mean strength 21.06 MPa) assured a significantly stronger bond (p sealant (mean strength 10.43 MPa) under our experimental conditions. CONCLUSION Conventional sealants generally provide a considerably higher bond strength than self-etching sealants.

  3. Antibacterial Properties of Fluoride Releasing Glass lonomer Cements (GICs) and Pit and Fissure Sealants on Streptococcus Mutans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar M, Mahesh; Pai Bh, Mithun; Gm, Prashant; Reddy, Vv Subba; Mohan Das, Usha; C, Madura; Gn, Chandu

    2010-01-01

    Antibacterial properties of fluoride releasing glass Ionomer cements (GICs) and pit and fissure sealants on Streptococcus mutans. Occlusal pit and fissures are the most susceptible sites for dental caries. The clinical effectiveness of GICs and fissure sealants in preventing caries is well-documented, but there is some concern about bacteria left beneath sealants. (1) Study the antibacterial activity of GICs and pit and fissure sealants. (2) Compare between these materials. GICs (Fuji IX GP and Ketac molar) and pit and fissure sealants (Teethmate-F1 and Helioseal-F ). The strains was grown in the Brain Heart Infusion broth and was incubated anaerobically for 18 hours at 37°C and subcultured in MSB agar.Four wells measuring 5 mm diameter was prepared on each agar plate and the prepared materials was placed and further incubated anaerobically for 48 hours at 37°C. The zone of inhibition was measured. All the materials tested showed antibacterial properties to varying levels except; among pit and fissure sealants it is Teethmate-F which showed more antibacterial property. Teethmate-F1 sealant showed more antibacterial property compared to Fuji IX and Ketac molar. Helioseal-F did not show any antibacterial property.

  4. Antibacterial Properties of Fluoride Releasing Glass lonomer Cements (GICs) and Pit and Fissure Sealants on Streptococcus Mutans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar M, Mahesh; Pai BH, Mithun; GM, Prashant; Reddy, VV Subba; Mohan Das, Usha; C, Madura

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT Title: Antibacterial properties of fluoride releasing glass Ionomer cements (GICs) and pit and fissure sealants on Streptococcus mutans. Background: Occlusal pit and fissures are the most susceptible sites for dental caries. The clinical effectiveness of GICs and fissure sealants in preventing caries is well-documented, but there is some concern about bacteria left beneath sealants. Objective: (1) Study the antibacterial activity of GICs and pit and fissure sealants. (2) Compare between these materials. Methodology: GICs (Fuji IX GP and Ketac molar) and pit and fissure sealants (Teethmate-F1 and Helioseal-F ). The strains was grown in the Brain Heart Infusion broth and was incubated anaerobically for 18 hours at 37°C and subcultured in MSB agar.Four wells measuring 5 mm diameter was prepared on each agar plate and the prepared materials was placed and further incubated anaerobically for 48 hours at 37°C. The zone of inhibition was measured. Results: All the materials tested showed antibacterial properties to varying levels except; among pit and fissure sealants it is Teethmate-F which showed more antibacterial property. Conclusion: Teethmate-F1 sealant showed more antibacterial property compared to Fuji IX and Ketac molar. Helioseal-F did not show any antibacterial property. PMID:27507918

  5. Thrombin-dependent Incorporation of von Willebrand Factor into a Fibrin Network*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miszta, Adam; Pelkmans, Leonie; Lindhout, Theo; Krishnamoorthy, Ganeshram; de Groot, Philip G.; Hemker, Coenraad H.; Heemskerk, Johan W. M.; Kelchtermans, Hilde; de Laat, Bas

    2014-01-01

    Attachment of platelets from the circulation onto a growing thrombus is a process involving multiple platelet receptors, endothelial matrix components, and coagulation factors. It has been indicated previously that during a transglutaminase reaction activated factor XIII (FXIIIa) covalently cross-links von Willebrand factor (VWF) to polymerizing fibrin. Bound VWF further recruits and activates platelets via interactions with the platelet receptor complex glycoprotein Ib (GPIb). In the present study we found proof for binding of VWF to a fibrin monomer layer during the process of fibrinogen-to-fibrin conversion in the presence of thrombin, arvin, or a snake venom from Crotalus atrox. Using a domain deletion mutant we demonstrated the involvement of the C domains of VWF in this binding. Substantial binding of VWF to fibrin monomers persisted in the presence of the FXIIIa inhibitor K9-DON, illustrating that cross-linking via factor XIII is not essential for this phenomenon and suggesting the identification of a second mechanism through which VWF multimers incorporate into a fibrin network. Under high shear conditions, platelets were shown to adhere to fibrin only if VWF had been incorporated. In conclusion, our experiments show that the C domains of VWF and the E domain of fibrin monomers are involved in the incorporation of VWF during the polymerization of fibrin and that this incorporation fosters binding and activation of platelets. Fibrin thus is not an inert end product but partakes in further thrombus growth. Our findings help to elucidate the mechanism of thrombus growth and platelet adhesion under conditions of arterial shear rate. PMID:25381443

  6. Caries-preventive Effect of Supervised Toothbrushing and Sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilgert, L A; Leal, S C; Mulder, J; Creugers, N H J; Frencken, J E

    2015-09-01

    To investigate the effectiveness of 3 caries-preventive measures on high- and low-caries risk occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars over 3 y. This cluster-randomized controlled clinical trial covered 242 schoolchildren, 6 to 7 y old, from low socioeconomic areas. At baseline, caries risk was assessed at the tooth surface level, through a combination of ICDAS II (International Caries Detection and Assessment System) and fissure depth codes. High-caries risk occlusal surfaces were treated according to daily supervised toothbrushing (STB) at school and 2 sealants: composite resin (CR) and atraumatic restorative treatment-high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement (ART-GIC). Low-caries risk occlusal surfaces received STB or no intervention. Evaluations were performed after 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 y. A cavitated dentine carious lesion was considered a failure. Data were analyzed according to the proportional hazard rate regression model with frailty correction, Wald test, analysis of variance, and t test, according to the jackknife procedure for calculating standard errors. The cumulative survival rates of cavitated dentine carious lesion-free, high-caries risk occlusal surfaces were 95.6%, 91.4%, and 90.2% for STB, CR, and ART-GIC, respectively, over 3 y, which were not statistically significantly different. For low-caries risk occlusal surfaces, no statistically significant difference was observed between the cumulative survival rate of the STB group (94.8%) and the no-intervention group (92.1%) over 3 y. There was neither a difference among STB, CR, and ART-GIC on school premises in preventing cavitated dentine carious lesions in high-caries risk occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars nor a difference between STB and no intervention for low-caries risk occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars over 3 y. © International & American Associations for Dental Research 2015.

  7. Dentists' levels of evidence-based clinical knowledge and attitudes about using pit-and-fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govindaiah, Sirisha; Bhoopathi, Vinodh

    2014-08-01

    Although the prevalence of pit-and-fissure sealants in children in the United States is low, the problem is magnified in low-income children. A small proportion of Florida's low-income children receive any preventive dental services, including sealants. The authors conducted a cross-sectional study to assess whether Florida's dentists provide sealants as a preventive measure in their practices, their attitudes and their levels of evidence-based clinical knowledge about appropriate sealant use according to the American Dental Association (ADA) recommendations. The authors also assessed whether the number of years since graduation and reliance on peers or colleagues for regular clinical information were associated with dentists' knowledge. The authors administered a 25-item pretested questionnaire to a convenience sample of general and pediatric dentists (n = 163) at the 2013 Florida National Dental Convention in Kissimmee, Fla. The authors conducted multivariate linear regression modeling to predict dentists' levels of evidence-based clinical knowledge. Years since graduation (P = .2) and reliance on peers or colleagues for regular clinical information (P = .6) did not predict higher knowledge. Male dentists (P = .003) and those who accepted children enrolled in Medicaid as new patients (P = .01) had significantly more knowledge compared with their counterparts. Most participating dentists used sealants in their practices and had high levels of positive attitudes about using sealants. Overall knowledge regarding the appropriate use of sealants, however, was low. For practicing dental professionals, the authors recommend disseminating evidence-based recommendations for the use of dental sealants via continuing education courses and other possible modalities. They also recommend that dental schools update their existing courses or modules about sealants by integrating the ADA's recommendations.

  8. Fibrin structural and diffusional analysis suggests that fibers are permeable to solute transport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonidakis, Kimon Alexandros; Bhattacharya, Pinaki; Patterson, Jennifer; Vos, Bart E; Koenderink, Gijsje H; Vermant, Jan; Lambrechts, Dennis; Roeffaers, Maarten; Van Oosterwyck, Hans

    2017-01-01

    Fibrin hydrogels are promising carrier materials in tissue engineering. They are biocompatible and easy to prepare, they can bind growth factors and they can be prepared from a patient's own blood. While fibrin structure and mechanics have been extensively studied, not much is known about the relation between structure and diffusivity of solutes within the network. This is particularly relevant for solutes with a size similar to that of growth factors. A novel methodological approach has been used in this study to retrieve quantitative structural characteristics of fibrin hydrogels, by combining two complementary techniques, namely confocal fluorescence microscopy with a fiber extraction algorithm and turbidity measurements. Bulk rheological measurements were conducted to determine the impact of fibrin hydrogel structure on mechanical properties. From these measurements it can be concluded that variations in the fibrin hydrogel structure have a large impact on the rheological response of the hydrogels (up to two orders of magnitude difference in storage modulus) but only a moderate influence on the diffusivity of dextran solutes (up to 25% difference). By analyzing the diffusivity measurements by means of the Ogston diffusion model we further provide evidence that individual fibrin fibers can be semi-permeable to solute transport, depending on the average distance between individual protofibrils. This can be important for reducing mass transport limitations, for modulating fibrinolysis and for growth factor binding, which are all relevant for tissue engineering. Fibrin is a natural biopolymer that has drawn much interest as a biomimetic carrier in tissue engineering applications. We hereby use a novel combined approach for the structural characterization of fibrin networks based on optical microscopy and light scattering methods that can also be applied to other fibrillar hydrogels, like collagen. Furthermore, our findings on the relation between solute transport

  9. Nonsuture dural repair using polyglycolic acid mesh and fibrin glue: clinical application to spinal surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Hida, Kazutoshi; Yamaguchi, Satoshi; Seki, Toshitaka; Yano, Shunsuke; Akino, Minoru; Terasaka, Shunsuke; Uchida, Takanori; Iwasaki, Yoshinobu

    2006-01-01

    Background: In spinal surgery, repair of the dura is difficult when it is torn, fragile, or is ossified as in cases with OPLL. We report our experience with a non-suture dural repair technique in patients undergoing spinal surgery; it employs a dura substitute composed of polyglycolic acid (PGA) mesh and fibrin glue. Here we report the efficacy and safety of non-suture duroplasty using PGA mesh and fibrin glue (PGA-fibrin sheet). Methods: The artificial dura mater is composed o...

  10. A Test Method for Monitoring Modulus Changes during Durability Tests on Building Joint Sealants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher C. White; Donald L. Hunston; Kar Tean Tan; Gregory T. Schueneman

    2012-01-01

    The durability of building joint sealants is generally assessed using a descriptive methodology involving visual inspection of exposed specimens for defects. It is widely known that this methodology has inherent limitations, including that the results are qualitative. A new test method is proposed that provides more fundamental and quantitative information about...

  11. Use of an antimicrobial skin sealant reduces surgical site infection in patients undergoing routine cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohmen, Pascal M; Weymann, Alexander; Holinski, Sebastian; Linneweber, Jörg; Geyer, Torsten; Konertz, Wolfgang

    2011-12-01

    With high morbidity and potentially devastating consequences, surgical site infections (SSIs) after cardiac surgery add substantially to the healthcare burden. Inhibiting migration of skin microbes is likely to reduce contamination of the surgical incision by endogenous potential pathogens. We studied the effect of treatment with a cyanoacrylate-based antimicrobial skin sealant (INTEGUSEAL®) on the SSI rate in cardiac surgery patients. In a consecutive series of 910 prospective patients undergoing routine cardiac surgery, standard pre-operative preparation was performed on 721 patients of whom 189 also received antimicrobial skin sealant. A further 189 consecutive patients who received only standard pre-operative care were studied retrospectively. The primary study endpoint was occurrence of superficial or deep SSI according to the definitions of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The mean (standard deviation) SSI risk score based on combined pre-operative and intra-operative factors according to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk scoring system was significantly higher for the skin sealant group (9.1±1.0) than for the prospective (7.1±3.2; pantimicrobial skin sealant decreased the incidence of SSI in cardiac surgery patients.

  12. Caries-preventive effect of sealants produced with altered glass-ionomer materials, after 2 years.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chen, X.; Du, M.Q.; Fan, M.W.; Mulder, J.; Huysmans, M.C.D.N.J.M.; Frencken, J.E.F.M.

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the caries-preventive effect of sealants produced with a high-viscosity glass-ionomer with an elevated powder-liquid ratio (ART), of having energy added to this glass-ionomer, and that of glass-carbomer, in comparison to that of resin

  13. In vitro evaluation of shear bond strength and microleakage of different pit and fissure sealants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babaji, Prashant; Vaid, Shivali; Deep, S.; Mishra, Samvit; Srivastava, Madhulika; Manjooran, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Aim and Objectives: Fissure caries is most common in children due to deep pit and fissures. Pit and fissure areas on the occlusal surface of the teeth make them susceptible to dental caries, which need to be prevented or restored. Fissures sealant reduces the risk of occlusal caries. The present study was done to evaluate microleakage and shear bond strength of various fissure sealants. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six extracted molars were randomly allocated equally (n = 12) into three groups with three different sealants to evaluate shear bond strength and microleakage at sealant space. The shear bond strengths was evaluated with one-way analysis of variance and microleakage by Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 18.0 (Chicago: SPSS Inc, 2009). Results: Tetric flow (16.8 MPa) recorded the highest shear bond strength and the difference was statistically significant with enamel loc (12.8 MPa). There was no statistically significant difference in relation to microleakage (P > 0.05) in the tested groups. Conclusions: Tetric flow recorded the highest shear bond strength and the difference was statistically significant with enamel loc. However, there was no statistically significant difference among the groups regarding microleakage. PMID:27652241

  14. INVESTIGATION OF THE POTENTIAL ANTIMICROBIAL EFFICACY OF SEALANTS USED IN HVAC SYSTEMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    The paper gives results of an investigation of the potential antimicrobial efficacy of sealants used in heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems. Recent experiments confirm field experience that duct cleaning alone may not provide adequate protection from regrowth of fu...

  15. In Vitro Comparison of Microleakage of Two Materials Used as Pit and Fissure Sealants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Bahrololoomi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and aims. Marginal seal of the material is extremely important in fissure sealant therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate microleakage of flowable composite resins and conventional fissure sealants with or without dentin bonding agent. Materials and methods. The occlusal surface of 60 intact extracted human premolars, divided into four groups, were cleaned with pumice/slurry, etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 15 seconds, rinsed and dried. Groups were treated differently: Excite bonding agent followed by Helioseal F fissure sealant in group1; Helioseal F alone in group 2; Excite bonding agent followed by Tetric Flow in group 3; and Tetric Flow alone in group 4. Light-curing was done after each application. After thermocycling, the whole surface of each specimen was coated with nail varnish except for one millimeter around the fissure sealant. The teeth were immersed in 2% basic fuchsin for 24 hours and then sectioned buccolingually. The sections were analyzed for leakage under a stereomicroscope. Data was analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests at a significance level of P 0.05, except for groups 2 and 4 (P = 0.002 and groups 3 and 4 (P = 0.033. Conclusion. Use of a flowable composite with bonding agent is a good alternative for sealing pits and fissures; however, further in vitro and in vivo studies are necessary.

  16. Influence of air abrasion and etching on enamel and adaptation of a dental sealant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bevilacqua, L; Cadenaro, M; Sossi, A; Biasotto, M; Di Lenarda, R

    2007-03-01

    Aim of this study was to evaluate the marginal microleakage of a dental sealant using different pre-treatment techniques of the enamel surface. Thirty extracted human intact teeth were selected and divided into 3 groups (n = 10) (1: acid etching with 37% orthophosphoric acid - 3M ESPE, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA; 2: air abrasion; 3: air abrasion + acid etching). The sealant (Helioseal, Vivadent Ivoclar AG, Liechtenstein) was applied into occlusal pits and fissures and light cured for 40 sec. All samples were thermocycled for 500 cycles (5 degrees -55 degrees C). Teeth were then immersed into a 2% methylene blue solution for 24 hrs and sectioned in a mesio-distal direction. Forty-eight sections were obtained for each group. Each section was analysed and photographed with a stereomicroscope (50x) assessing dye penetration (0: no dye penetration; 1: dye penetration restricted to the outer half of the sealant; 2: dye penetration restricted to the inner half of the sealant; 3: dye penetration into the underlying fissure). Data were statistically analysed (Mann-Whitney test). Specimens prepared after air abrasion combined with acid etching showed lower microleakage expression if compared with the other two groups (pabrasion and chemical acid etching represents an effective pre-treatment of enamel surface that may significantly reduce the risk of microleakage.

  17. A Systematic Approach to the Study of Accelerated weathering of Building Joint Sealants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher C. White; Donald L. Hunston; Kar Tean Tan; James J. Filliben; Adam L. Pintar; Greg. Schueneman

    2012-01-01

    An accurate service life prediction model is needed for building joint sealants in order to greatly reduce the time to market of a new product and reduce the risk of introducing a poorly performing product into the marketplace. A stepping stone to the success of this effort is the precise control of environmental variables in a laboratory accelerated test apparatus in...

  18. 76 FR 59087 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Delaware; Adhesives and Sealants Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-23

    ..., primers, and solvents. This action is being taken under the Clean Air Act (CAA). DATES: Written comments.... Background On June 9, 2009, the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC... and Sealants'' dated 2006 which was based on the 1998 CARB reasonably available control technology...

  19. Durability of sealants exposed to outdoor weathering and hot compression cycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregory T. Schueneman; Steven Lacher; Christopher G. Hunt; Christopher C. White; Donald L. Hunston

    2011-01-01

    Sealants play an important role in weatherproofing structures by filling gaps and preventing air and water intrusion. When incorrectly selected or improperly applied, they may fail quickly, compromising durability of the structure. To ensure reliability and prevent the need for costly repairs to structures, it is necessary to measure durability and predict life...

  20. In vitro study of Streptococcus mutans adhesion on composite resin coated with three surface sealants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Da Hye Kim

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Objectives Although the coating of surface sealants to dental composite resin may potentially reduce bacterial adhesion, there seems to be little information regarding this issue. This preliminary in vitro study investigated the adhesion of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans on the dental composite resins coated with three commercial surface sealants. Materials and Methods Composite resin (Filtek Z250 discs (8 mm in diameter, 1 mm in thickness were fabricated in a mold covered with a Mylar strip (control. In group PoGo, the surfaces were polished with PoGo. In groups PS, OG, and FP, the surfaces polished with PoGo were coated with the corresponding surface sealants (PermaSeal, PS; OptiGuard, OG; Fortify Plus, FP. The surfaces of the materials and S. mutans cells were characterized by various methods. S. mutans adhesion to the surfaces was quantitatively evaluated using flow cytometry (n = 9. Results Group OG achieved the lowest water contact angle among all groups tested (p 0.05 or significantly lower (group OG, p < 0.001 bacterial adhesion when compared with the control group. Conclusions The application of the surface sealants significantly reduced S. mutans adhesion to the composite resin polished with the PoGo.

  1. Severe Emphysema Treated by Endoscopic Bronchial Volume Reduction with Lung Sealant (AeriSeal

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    R. F. Falkenstern-Ge

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Endoscopic lung volume reduction using lung sealant is a very new and innovative treatment option for patients with severe progressive and irreversible lung emphysema. A 55-year-old ex-smoker (60 pack years referred to our center because of severe lung emphysema with progressive worsening of the obstructive ventilator pattern and clinical condition. We detected collateral channels of this patient by using the Chartis system. Therefore, we decided to treat the advanced emphysema of our patient with endoscopic volume reduction using lung sealant (AeriSeal. The foam of lung sealant AeriSeal is instilled into the peripheral airways and alveoli where it polymerizes and functions as tissue glue on the lung surface in order to seal the target region to cause durable irreversible absorption atelectasis. The follow-up evaluation 12 weeks later showed improved lung function (increased FEV 1/partial oxygen pressure/peripheral oxygen saturation and a reduction of TLC and RV with improved quality of life. Correlation between changes in primary and secondary outcome measures in the lung function parameters and 6-minute-walking test before and 12 weeks after the application of lung sealant revealed significant reduction of hyperinflation and improvement both in the flow rates and in the physical capability of this patient.

  2. Effects of porous-hydroxyapatite incorporated into glass-ionomer sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinonaga, Yukari; Arita, Kenji; Nishimura, Takako; Chiu, Szu-Yu; Chiu, Hsiu-Hui; Abe, Yoko; Sonomoto, Mie; Harada, Kyoko; Nagaoka, Noriyuki

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the mechanical and chemical properties of a novel glass ionomer cement for use as a pit and fissure sealant containing a porous hydroxyapatite, namely, apatite ionomer cement (AIC). Control sealant samples were used Fuji III (GIC-S). The experiment sealant samples (AIC-S) consisted of porous spherical hydroxyapatite (HApS) particles added at 28 wt% to GIC-S powder. The GIC-S and AIC-S samples were evaluated through mechanical strength measurements, scanning electron microscopy observations, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis, fluoride ion release tests, and antibacterial tests. The flexural strength of the AIC-S was significantly higher than that of GIC-S for each period, 1 h, 24 h and 1 year. The fluoride release dose for AIC-S was consistently higher than that for GIC-S. In addition, the antibacterial properties of AIC-S were superior to those of GIC-S. The novel AIC-S may be a more suitable sealant material for pits and fissures with intact and/or infected enamel.

  3. Effects of aging on surface properties and adhesion of Streptococcus mutans on various fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bürgers, Ralf; Cariaga, Tashiana; Müller, Rainer; Rosentritt, Martin; Reischl, Udo; Handel, Gerhard; Hahnel, Sebastian

    2009-12-01

    The aim of the present study was the quantification of Streptococcus mutans adhesion on ten widely used pit and fissure sealant materials and the correlation of these findings to surface roughness (R(a)) and surface free energy (SFE). Additionally, changes in streptococcal adhesion and surface parameters after water immersion and artificial aging have been investigated. Circular specimens of ten fissure sealants (seven resin-based composites, two glass ionomers, and one compomer) were made and polished. Surface roughness was determined by perthometer and SFE by goniometer measurements. Sealant materials were incubated with S. mutans suspension (2.5 h, 37 degrees C), and adhering bacteria were quantified by using a biofluorescence assay in combination with an automated plate reader. Surface properties and S. mutans adhesion were measured prior to and after water immersion after 1 and 6 months and after additional thermocycling (5,000 cycles; 5 degrees C/55 degrees C). The tested sealants showed significant differences in S. mutans adhesion prior to and after the applied aging procedures. Aging resulted in slight increases (mostly <0.2 microm) in surface roughness, as well as in significant decreases in SFE and in significantly lower quantities of adhering bacteria. Ketac Bond and UltraSeal XT plus revealed the lowest adhesion potential after artificial aging. In general, the amount of adhering S. mutans was reduced after aging, which may be related to the decline in SFEs.

  4. Mechanical properties and failure analysis of visible light crosslinked alginate-based tissue sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charron, Patrick N; Fenn, Spencer L; Poniz, Alex; Oldinski, Rachael A

    2016-06-01

    Moderate to weak mechanical properties limit the use of naturally-derived tissue sealants for dynamic medical applications, e.g., sealing a lung leak. To overcome these limitations, we developed visible-light crosslinked alginate-based hydrogels, as either non-adhesive methacrylated alginate (Alg-MA) hydrogel controls, or oxidized Alg-MA (Alg-MA-Ox) tissue adhesive tissue sealants, which form covalent bonds with extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Our study investigated the potential for visible-light crosslinked Alg-MA-Ox hydrogels to serve as effective surgical tissue sealants for dynamic in vivo systems. The Alg-MA-Ox hydrogels were designed to be an injectable system, curable in situ. Burst pressure experiments were conducted on a custom-fabricated burst pressure device using constant air flow; burst pressure properties and adhesion characteristics correlated with the degrees of methacrylation and oxidation. In summary, visible light crosslinked Alg-MA-Ox hydrogel tissue sealants form effective seals over critically-sized defects, and maintain pressures up to 50mm Hg. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Rheological properties of flowable resin composites and pit and fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beun, Sébastien; Bailly, Christian; Devaux, Jacques; Leloup, Gaëtane

    2008-04-01

    The purpose of this research was to determine the viscoelastic properties of commercially available flowable resin composites and resin-based pit and fissure sealants. The weight percentage of filler particles and the morphology of the filler particles were also investigated. Eight flowable resin composites (Admira Flow, Filtek Flow, FlowLine, Grandio Flow, Point-4 Flowable, Revolution Formula 2, Tetric Flow and X-Flow) and four pit and fissure sealants (Clinpro, Delton FS+, Estiseal F and Guardian Seal) were tested. Rheological measurements were performed using a dynamic oscillation rheometer. The filler weight content was determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and the morphology of the particles was investigated by scanning-electron microscopy (SEM). Flowable resin composites are non-Newtonian, shear-thinning materials. As the shear rate increased, the complex viscosity decreased drastically. They all showed elasticity even at the lowest frequencies. They also all showed thixotropy. Pit and fissure sealants are non-Newtonian, very low-viscosity fluids. No correlation was found between the rheological properties and the filler weight content or the particles' shape. Huge differences are observed in the viscosity and flow characteristics of flowable resin composites that can have a potential influence on their clinical behavior during handling and thus on their clinical indications. Pit and fissure sealants show very different rheological properties from one another.

  6. Retention and caries prevention of Vitremer and Ketac-bond used as occlusal sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, A C; Basting, R T; Pinelli, C; de Castro Meneghim, M; Werner, C W

    1999-04-01

    To assess the retention and caries incidence of Vitremer (resin-modified glass ionomer) and Ketac-bond (conventional glass ionomer cement), used as occlusal sealants, after 6 and 12 months placement. The sample consisted of 200 school children, 6-8 years old with sound and unsealed permanent first molars. They were divided into three groups: (a) control group (n = 432 teeth); (b) Vitremer experimental group (n = 200 teeth), and (c) Ketac-Bond experimental group (n = 200 teeth). In the experimental groups, Vitremer was applied on teeth 16 and 46 whereas Ketac-Bond was applied on 26 and 36. The total retention rates for Vitremer after 6 and 12 months were 59% and 36%, respectively. For Ketac-Bond, the total retention rates were 24% and 15%, respectively. No dental caries was recorded during the 12 months for both experimental groups. When effectiveness was measured by sealant retention, there was a significant difference between Vitremer and Ketac-Bond after 6 (P < 0.01) and 12 months (P < 0.05). When effectiveness was measured by caries prevention, no significant difference was found between experimental groups, even when the sealants were partially or totally lost. There was no development of carious lesions after 1-year placement of sealants, but there was a significant difference between experimental and control groups (P < 0.01).

  7. Long-term evaluation of sealants applied with an invasive technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jiyeon; Shin, Cheol Hwan; Park, Kitae

    2008-12-01

    To study the retention of sealants applied to the permanent molars using an invasive technique. Sealants containing fillers were applied to 739 first permanent molars using an invasive technique. After a minimum period of 6 months (mean time lapse after treatment, 63.5 months; range 6 - 121 months), the overall retention, marginal integrity, and marginal discolouration were evaluated according to the period after treatment, the operator's experience, and the location of the tooth (maxillary or mandibular). The overall retention was 93.78%. The sealants and marginal integrity deteriorated with time and with less clinical experience. However, there was no significant difference between the maxillary and the mandibular teeth. Marginal discolouration occurred more frequently in the maxilla with time but there was no significant difference with the operator's experience. The retention rate and marginal integrity of sealants decreased with time and with less clinical experience of the operator, and more marginal discolouration developed in the maxillary teeth with time in comparison to the mandibular teeth.

  8. Retention of a Flowable Composite Resin in Comparison to a Conventional Resin-Based Sealant: One-year Follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Tadayon

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Long-term retention of pit and fissure sealants is crucial for their success. This clinical study evaluated the retention rate of a flowable composite resin (Filtek SupremeXT Flowable Restorative compared to a conventional resin-based sealant (Concise Light Cure White Sealant over 12 months.Materials and Methods: Forty subjects aged 6 to 9 years were included in the study. Using a half-mouth design, a total of 80 first permanent molars were sealed with conventional fissure sealant on one side of the mouth and flowable composite on the contralateralside. Clinical evaluation was performed at 3, 6, and 12 months by a single blind examiner and the retention was classified as complete retention, partial loss, or total loss.Results: For both materials, there was no total loss of sealants over 12 months. Partial loss of both materials was observed in one sealant after 3 months. After 6 months, 36 teeth sealed with conventional fissure sealant were intact compared with 37 sealed with a flowable composite, and after 12 months, 33 teeth sealed with conventional fissure sealant were intact compared with 35 that were sealed with a flowable composite. There were no statistically significant difference (P>0.05 between the two materials regarding the retention rate at each follow-up period.Conclusion: As flowable composite resulted in comparable sealant retention rates, this material could be a good choice for fissure sealant.

  9. Prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in a Portuguese sample of adolescents.

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    Nélio J Veiga

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of dental caries and the DMFT index, as well as the distribution pattern of pit and fissure sealants on permanent teeth in a Portuguese sample of adolescents, and to assess whether the existing usage of sealants and socio-demographic factors are correlated to caries prevalence on the examined sample.A cross-sectional study was designed with a sample of 447 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years old, attending a public school in Sátão, Portugal. A self-administered questionnaire with questions about oral health behaviours and socio-economic status was answered by adolescents in the classroom. Clinical examination of oral health status and assessment of fissure sealants were accomplished by only one trained member of the research team.We obtained a DMFT index of 3.32 (2.92, which indicates a moderate level of prevalence of dental caries. When considering a DMFT = 0, we found significant statistical differences between the parents' level of education (≤ 4th grade = 26.3 vs 5th-12th grade = 18.8 vs <12th grade = 43.3, p = 0.001, gender (male = 27.3 vs female = 19.6, p = 0.04, age (≤ 15 years = 27.1 vs <15 years = 18.5, p = 0.02, presence of fissure sealants (yes = 30.6 vs no = 13.5, p = 0.001 and experience of dental pain (no = 25.4 vs yes = 16.8, p = 0.02. When analyzing the prevalence of fissure sealants, we verified that 58.8% of adolescents had at least one fissure sealant applied. Significant statistical differences were found when analyzing the presence of fissure sealants related with parents' educational level (<9th grade, OR = 1.56 CI95% = 1.05-2.54, gender (female, OR = 1.86 CI95% = 1.19-2.98, experience of dental pain (yes, OR = 0.62 CI95% = 0.39-0.97 and presence of dental caries (yes, OR = 0.35 CI95% = 0.19-0.65.The moderate level of caries prevalence reveals the need of improvement of primary prevention interventions among Portuguese adolescents. The establishment of a more targeted

  10. Prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in a Portuguese sample of adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veiga, Nélio J; Pereira, Carlos M; Ferreira, Paula C; Correia, Ilidio J

    2015-01-01

    The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of dental caries and the DMFT index, as well as the distribution pattern of pit and fissure sealants on permanent teeth in a Portuguese sample of adolescents, and to assess whether the existing usage of sealants and socio-demographic factors are correlated to caries prevalence on the examined sample. A cross-sectional study was designed with a sample of 447 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years old, attending a public school in Sátão, Portugal. A self-administered questionnaire with questions about oral health behaviours and socio-economic status was answered by adolescents in the classroom. Clinical examination of oral health status and assessment of fissure sealants were accomplished by only one trained member of the research team. We obtained a DMFT index of 3.32 (2.92), which indicates a moderate level of prevalence of dental caries. When considering a DMFT = 0, we found significant statistical differences between the parents' level of education (≤ 4th grade = 26.3 vs 5th-12th grade = 18.8 vs sealants (yes = 30.6 vs no = 13.5, p = 0.001) and experience of dental pain (no = 25.4 vs yes = 16.8, p = 0.02). When analyzing the prevalence of fissure sealants, we verified that 58.8% of adolescents had at least one fissure sealant applied. Significant statistical differences were found when analyzing the presence of fissure sealants related with parents' educational level (<9th grade, OR = 1.56 CI95% = 1.05-2.54), gender (female, OR = 1.86 CI95% = 1.19-2.98), experience of dental pain (yes, OR = 0.62 CI95% = 0.39-0.97) and presence of dental caries (yes, OR = 0.35 CI95% = 0.19-0.65). The moderate level of caries prevalence reveals the need of improvement of primary prevention interventions among Portuguese adolescents. The establishment of a more targeted preventive program with better and more effective oral health education is essential, having into account socio-demographic aspects.

  11. ART restorations and glass ionomer sealants in Zimbabwe: survival after 3 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frencken, J E; Makoni, F; Sithole, W D

    1998-12-01

    Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) consists of removing demineralised tooth tissues with hand instruments only, restoring the prepared cavity and sealing the adjacent pits and fissures with an adhesive filling material. This relatively painless, no-handpiece, minimal intervention approach to controlling dental caries is described. ART was applied in an oral health care programme in Zimbabwe that was carried out amongst secondary school students from 1994 to 1997. A new glass ionomer (Fuji IX) was used as the restorative and sealant material. Sealants were placed in high caries risk students using the 'press-finger' technique. A total of 297 one-surface ART restorations and 95 glass ionomer sealants were placed in 142 and 66 students, respectively. After 3 years, the lost-to-follow-up percentages for one-surface ART restorations and glass ionomer sealants were 30.6% and 30.5%, respectively. Actuarial (life table) analysis resulted in 3-year survival rates of one-surface ART restorations of 88.3% (95% CI: 92.4%-84.2%), ranging from 94.3% to 65.4% per operator. A total of 28 ART restorations placed in 25 students failed. Reasons for failure related to the material and the operator (11 restorations or 5.3% each), and to caries adjacent to the restoration (one restoration or 0.5%). Reasons for failure were not recorded for five restorations (2.3%). Sealants were placed on surfaces diagnosed as early enamel lesions. After 3 years, 71.4% (95% CI: 81.7%-61.1%) of the fully and partially retained sealants survived with a range of 100% to 55.6% per operator. Of the sealed surfaces 96.3% (95% CI: 100%-92.2%) survived 3 years without developing caries. Experienced operators placed better ART restorations than inexperienced operators. This study has demonstrated that ART with a glass ionomer restorative material and sealants provided high quality preventive and restorative dental care to this student population. ART has become one of the treatment modalities available to

  12. Platelet-rich-fibrin: A novel root coverage approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anilkumar K

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Treatment of gingival recession has become an important therapeutic issue due to increasing cosmetic demand. Multiple surgical procedures have been developed to obtain predictable esthetic root coverage. More specifically, after periodontal regenerative surgery, the aim is to achieve complete wound healing and regeneration of the periodontal unit. A recent innovation in dentistry is the preparation and use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP, a concentrated suspension of the growth factors, found in platelets. These growth factors are involved in wound healing and postulated as promoters of tissue regeneration. This paper reports the use of PRF membrane for root coverage on the labial surfaces of the mandibular anterior teeth. This was accomplished using laterally displaced flap technique with platelet rich fibrin (PRF membrane at the recipient site.

  13. Platelet-rich fibrin: a boon in regenerative endodontics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebentish, Priyanka D; Umashetty, Girish; Kaur, Harpreet; Doizode, Trupthi; Kaslekar, Mithun; Chowdhury, Shouvik

    2016-12-01

    Research into regenerative dentistry has contributed momentum to the field of molecular biology. Periapical surgery aims at removing periapical pathology to achieve complete wound healing and regeneration of bone and periodontal tissue. Regenerative endodontic procedures are widely being added to the current armamentarium of pulp therapy procedures. The regenerative potential of platelets has been deliberated. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a wonderful tissue-engineering product and has recently gained much popularity due its promising results in wound healing bone induction. The features of this product are an attribute of platelets which, after cellular interactions, release growth factors and have shown application in diverse disciplines of dentistry. This paper is intended to shed light onto the various prospects of PRF and to provide clinical insight into regenerative endodontic therapy.

  14. Fibrinous pericarditis and pericardial effusion in three neonatal foals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, S K; Raidal, S L; Hughes, K J

    2014-10-01

    Three foals, aged between 5 and 10 days, were presented for assessment of lethargy, abdominal pain and joint effusion. Fibrinous pericarditis and pericardial effusion (PE) were recognised in each foal and considered as sequelae to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and suspected or confirmed septicaemia. Diagnosis of pericarditis was made in two foals by echocardiographic examination and analysis of pericardial fluid, and during postmortem examination of the third foal. In both of the foals that underwent pericardiocentesis, PE was an exudate, no bacteria were identified on cytological analysis and bacterial culture was negative. Despite apparent response to treatment, two foals died 2 and 3 weeks, respectively, after discharge from hospital. One foal was euthanased during hospitalisation. This report highlights the need to consider the development of pericarditis and PE in foals with SIRS and signs of cardiorespiratory dysfunction, and the requirement for protracted follow-up to monitor for clinical resolution. © 2014 Australian Veterinary Association.

  15. In vitro sealing potential of a self-adhesive pit and fissure sealant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perdigão, Jorge; Sezinando, Ana; Gomes, George

    2011-05-01

    To study the sealing ability of a self-adhesive sealant. Thirty-five extracted molars were assigned to seven groups: group 1, 35% phosphoric acid (PA) followed by Clinpro Sealant (CL) as the control group; group 2, Enamel Loc (EL), a self-adhesive sealant; group 3, PA followed by EL; group 4, Adper Prompt L-Pop (AP) followed by CL; group 5, AP followed by EL; group 6, PA followed by Adper Single Bond Plus (SB) and CL; and group 7, PA followed by SB and EL. Specimens were thermocycled and immersed in 50 wt% ammoniac silver nitrate. Silver leakage was measured in ranks from 0 to 4 and analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests at P < .05. One additional tooth per group was used to study the enamel etching pattern. Specimens were observed under a field-emission SEM. The least silver infiltration was measured for group 1 (control group), which was significantly different from all other six groups. Etching enamel prior to the application of EL resulted in significantly less leakage than all other groups, except for the control group. EL alone resulted in similar leakage to EL with either AP or SB. None of the groups resulted in perfectly sealed interfaces. Under SEM, EL was unable to etch enamel. The self-etch adhesive AP resulted in a less defined etching pattern than the etch-and-rinse adhesive SB. Etching enamel with phosphoric acid is still essential for sealing the enamel-sealant interface. The self-adhesive sealant tested in this study may not be indicated for clinical use.

  16. Effect of enamel sealants on tooth bleaching and on the color stability of the result.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corcodel, N; Hassel, A J; Sen, S; Saure, D; Rammelsberg, P; Lux, C J; Zingler, S

    2017-04-01

    The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of enamel sealants on bleaching of natural teeth by use of 40 % hydrogen peroxide in a dental surgery. The color stability of the results from bleaching was, furthermore, determined 10 months after the bleaching procedure. In a standardized setting, four sealants (Pro Seal(®), Light Bond™ Sealant, Protecto(®), and Clinpro™ XT Varnish) were applied to and removed from human teeth in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Natural teeth served as medium; half of the teeth were sealed and the others served as controls. Hydrogen peroxide gel (40 %; Opalescence Boost; Ultradent Products, South Jordan, UT, USA) was used as bleaching agent. Color measurement was performed with a spectroradiometer (Photoresearch PR670) before the bleaching process (T1) and 24 h (T2) and 10 months (T3) after bleaching. The spectroradiometer results were expressed by use of the Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage (CIE) L*a*b* color notation. The L*, a*, and b* values of the sealed and the unsealed surfaces were not significantly different at any time during the study (p > 0.05), irrespective of the sealant used. Ten months after the bleaching process, mean L*, a*, and b* values were lower than at 1-day post-bleaching; the mean value of ΔE between 1-day post-bleaching and 10 months post-bleaching was 2.46 (±3.1). The results of the study suggest that the effectiveness of professional tooth whitening is not appreciably affected by the application of the four sealants tested.

  17. Inhibition of enamel demineralization by buffering effect of S-PRG filler-containing dental sealant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaga, Masayuki; Kakuda, Shinichi; Ida, Yusuke; Toshima, Hirokazu; Hashimoto, Masanori; Endo, Kazuhiko; Sano, Hidehiko

    2014-02-01

    The buffering capacity and inhibitory effects on enamel demineralization of two commercially available dental sealants were evaluated in this study. The effects of filler particles were also examined. Disks of enamel and cured sealant materials of BeautiSealant (silica or S-PRG filler) or Teethmate F-1 were incubated in lactic acid solutions (pH 4.0) for 1-6 d. The pH changes and amounts of ions released in the solutions were assessed, and enamel surfaces were observed using a scanning electron microscope. The pH of the solution with BeautiSealant (S-PRG filler) was neutralized from pH 4.0 to pH 6.1 (after incubation for 1 d) and from pH 4.0 to pH 6.7 (after incubation for 6 d). In addition, no release of calcium ions was detected and the enamel surface was morphologically intact in scanning electron microscopy images. However, the pH of the solution with Teethmate F-1 remained below pH 4.0 during incubation from days 1 to 6. Calcium release was increased in solutions up to and after 6 d of incubation. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the structures of hydroxyapatite rods were exposed at the specimen surfaces as a result of demineralization. Ions released from S-PRG filler-containing dental sealant rapidly buffered the lactic acid solution and inhibited enamel demineralization. © 2013 Eur J Oral Sci.

  18. Effect of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride (APF on the Mcroleakage of Composite Flow and Fssure Sealant Restorations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arash Poorsattar Bejeh Mir

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: A large number of investigations have revealed that physical and chemical alterations and weight loss could occur in composite materials exposed to acidic phosphate fluoride (APF gel. The purpose of this study was to assess the microleakage of a fissure sealant and a flow composite exposed to acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF gel. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, 60 intact human extracted premolar teeth were used. After preparing the occlusal groove, the teeth were divided into two groups (n=30. Teeth were filled with either Helioseal fissure sealant (Vivadent, Germany or Tetric flow composite (Vivadent, Germany. After that, each group was divided into two subgroups (n=15: 1.23% APF gel (Sultan, U.S.A was applied in the case subgroups, while control subgroups were preserved in normal saline solution. All of teeth were covered with 2 layers of nail varnish except for the filling zone and 1mm around the border of filling. After submerging in 0.5% fushin solution, specimens were sectioned bucco-lingually. Then dye penetration through the filling and fissure sealant was assessed by means of a stereo-microscope. The depth of dye penetration was scored. The data were analyzed using One-way ANOVA and Levene test. Results: The mean values of dye penetration were 1.26±1.09, 1.4±1.05, 1.2±1.37, and 1.4±1.35 for fissure sealant+gel, composite+gel, composite+normal saline, and normal saline groups, respectively. No significant difference was found in inter-groups (P=0.96. Conclusion: Considering the result of the present research, APF gel had no significant effect on the microleakage of Tetric flow composite filling and Helioseal fissure sealant and thus, it can be applied for routine usage.

  19. The Effect of Drinks and Temperature on the Staining of Resin Composites Coated with Surface Sealants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui R

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Statement of problem: Surface staining of resin composite by dietary factors may be modified by the placement of a low-viscosity surface sealant aimed at reducing surface voids and defects occurring after light-curing and polishing. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the staining effect of various drinks and temperatures on the surface sealant (Fortify Plus™ sealed on a nano-filled resin composite (Supreme XTE™ after artificial aging at different temperatures. Materials and Methods: Surface sealant was applied on one surface of forty resin composite discs (10×2 mm. Five discs each were immersed in test solutions of black cola, commercial dark grape juice, coffee and distilled water (negative control. Discs were either placed at 4°C (20 discs or 37°C (20 discs and the colour difference (ΔE was calculated based on the colour coordinates at 0 (baseline, 7, 14 and 28 days of staining treatment. Two-factor with replication analysis was carried out with ANOVA. Results: The results showed significant discolouration after 28 days immersion in coffee (P<0.001 and grape juice group (P<0.001. Surface sealant significantly affected colour changes in coffee and grape juice group (P=0.002. Higher temperatures in coffee and grape juice also significantly increased the effect of staining (P<0.001. Conclusions: Surface sealant was able to reduce discolouration in the grape juice group only. A lower temperature of 4°C caused less staining in coffee and grape juice groups as compared to the 37°C corresponding test groups. Prolonged immersion time significantly increased discolouration in coffee and grape juice groups.

  20. Sealing of Gastrointestinal Anastomoses with a Fibrin Glue-Coated Collagen Patch: A Safety Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Tyge; Rømer, John; Sørensen, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Sealing of anastomoses has previously been tested with several methods, including sealing with liquid fibrin glue. Sealing with a collagen patch coated with fibrin glue components has never been systematically examined. The aim of the present study was to determine the safety of sealing gastroint......Sealing of anastomoses has previously been tested with several methods, including sealing with liquid fibrin glue. Sealing with a collagen patch coated with fibrin glue components has never been systematically examined. The aim of the present study was to determine the safety of sealing...... for anastomotic leakage, signs of present or former peritonitis, abscess, adhesions to the anastomoses, and signs of intestinal obstruction. In addition, the anastomotic diameter was measured with barium and radiography. Finally, bursting pressure was measured in each segment. After the pigs were sacrificed...

  1. Platelet-rich fibrin or platelet-rich plasma – which one is better? an opinion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shweta Bansal

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The healing of hard and soft tissue in mediated by a wide range of intracellular and extracellular events that are regulated by signaling proteins. Platelets can play a crucial role in periodontal regeneration as they are the reservoirs of growth factors and cytokines which are the key factors for regeneration of bone and maturation of soft tissue. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP is first generation platelet concentrate. However, the short duration of cytokine release and its poor mechanical properties have resulted in search of new material. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF is a natural fibrin-based biomaterial prepared from an anticoagulant-free blood harvest without any artificial biochemical modification (no bovine thrombin is required that allows obtaining fibrin membranes enriched with platelets and growth factors. The slow polymerization during centrifugation, fibrin-based structure, ease of preparation, minimal expense makes PRF somewhat superior in some aspect to PRP.

  2. Quantitative analysis of fibrin-binding affinity of fibrinolytic components by frontal affinity chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazama, M; Tahara, C; Abe, T; Kasai, K

    1988-01-01

    Binding affinity of fibrinolytic factors to insolubilized lysine and fibrin was quantitatively measured by frontal affinity chromatography using lysine-Toyopearl and fibrin-Sepharose column. The highest binding affinity was found with recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), followed by lysyl-plasminogen and glutamyl-plasminogen (Glu-PLg) with intermediate affinity, but very low affinity by single chain UK-type plasminogen activator, high molecular weight UK and low molecular weight UK. At the coexistence of EACA, fibrin-binding affinity of Glu-PLg was greatly reduced, but those of UK's were substantially unchanged. It was concluded that high fibrin-binding affinity of t-PA and plasminogens were largely related to the lysine-binding affinity of these enzymes, but that of UK's would be related to the other binding affinity.

  3. [APPLICATION OF FISTULA PLUG WITH THE FIBRIN ADHESIVE IN TREATMENT OF RECTAL FISTULAS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydinova, P R; Aliyev, E A

    2015-05-01

    Results of surgical treatment of 21 patients, suffering high transsphincteric and extrasphincteric rectal fistulas, were studied. In patients of Group I the fistula passage was closed, using fistula plug obturator; and in patients of Group II--by the same, but preprocessed by fibrin adhesive. The fistula aperture germeticity, prophylaxis of rude cicatrices development in operative wound zone, promotion of better fixation of bioplastic material were guaranteed, using fistula plug obturator with preprocessing, using fibrin adhesive.

  4. An Antithrombin-Heparin Complex Increases the Anticoagulant Activity of Fibrin Clots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesley J. Smith

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Clotting blood contains fibrin-bound thrombin, which is a major source of procoagulant activity leading to clot extension and further activation of coagulation. When bound to fibrin, thrombin is protected from inhibition by antithrombin (AT + heparin but is neutralized when AT and heparin are covalently linked (ATH. Here, we report the surprising observation that, rather than yielding an inert complex, thrombin-ATH formation converts clots into anticoagulant surfaces that effectively catalyze inhibition of thrombin in the surrounding environment.

  5. Coronary thrombosis and platelet/fibrin microemboli in death associated with acute myocardial infarction.

    OpenAIRE

    Frink, R J; Rooney, P. A.; Trowbridge, J O; Rose, J. P.

    1988-01-01

    The frequency and clinical significance of platelet/fibrin microemboli in the microcirculation were investigated in 24 patients whose deaths (before and during hospital admission) were associated with acute myocardial infarction. An acute coronary thrombus was present in all the hearts. In nine hearts an acute thrombus was found in more than one major epicardial coronary artery. A total of 35 acute thrombi were found in the 24 hearts. Platelet/fibrin microemboli were found in 19 (79%) hearts....

  6. Fibrin clot formation and fibrinolysis in patients with a history of coronary stent thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godschalk, Thea C; Konings, Joke; Govers-Riemslag, José W; Ten Berg, Jurriën M; Hackeng, Christian M; Ten Cate, Hugo

    2016-07-01

    Coronary stent thrombosis is a devastating complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Multiple factors underlie the pathophysiological mechanisms of stent thrombosis. Previous studies demonstrated that patients with stent thrombosis, compared to control PCI patients, formed denser fibrin clots in vitro which were more resistant to fibrinolysis, suggesting that altered fibrin clot properties may contribute to the pathophysiology of stent thrombosis. We assessed the plasma fibrin clot formation and fibrinolysis of patients with and without stent thrombosis. Cases (patients with stent thrombosis) and matched controls (patients without stent thrombosis) were included for a matched case-control study. Matching was performed on indication and time of the index PCI (initial stent implantation) from the cases. Fibrin clot formation and fibrinolysis were assessed in vitro by turbidimetric assays, with human thrombin to initiate fibrin polymerization and tissue type plasminogen activator to initiate fibrinolysis. Lag time, maximal absorbance and clot lysis time were determined by these assays. In total, 27 cases and 27 controls were included. No significant differences were observed between cases and controls in lag time (173 vs. 162s, p=0.18), maximal absorbance (0.78 vs. 0.83, p=0.36), and clot lysis time (69 vs. 71min, p=0.78). Fibrin clot formation and fibrinolysis were not associated with stent thrombosis. Plasma fibrin clot formation and fibrinolysis were not significantly different between patients with stent thrombosis and matched control patients, suggesting that fibrin clot formation and fibrinolysis play no significant role in the pathophysiology of stent thrombosis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Batroxobin Binds Fibrin with Higher Affinity and Promotes Clot Expansion to a Greater Extent than Thrombin*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vu, Trang T.; Stafford, Alan R.; Leslie, Beverly A.; Kim, Paul Y.; Fredenburgh, James C.; Weitz, Jeffrey I.

    2013-01-01

    Batroxobin is a thrombin-like serine protease from the venom of Bothrops atrox moojeni that clots fibrinogen. In contrast to thrombin, which releases fibrinopeptide A and B from the NH2-terminal domains of the Aα- and Bβ-chains of fibrinogen, respectively, batroxobin only releases fibrinopeptide A. Because the mechanism responsible for these differences is unknown, we compared the interactions of batroxobin and thrombin with the predominant γA/γA isoform of fibrin(ogen) and the γA/γ′ variant with an extended γ-chain. Thrombin binds to the γ′-chain and forms a higher affinity interaction with γA/γ′-fibrin(ogen) than γA/γA-fibrin(ogen). In contrast, batroxobin binds both fibrin(ogen) isoforms with similar high affinity (Kd values of about 0.5 μm) even though it does not interact with the γ′-chain. The batroxobin-binding sites on fibrin(ogen) only partially overlap with those of thrombin because thrombin attenuates, but does not abrogate, the interaction of γA/γA-fibrinogen with batroxobin. Furthermore, although both thrombin and batroxobin bind to the central E-region of fibrinogen with a Kd value of 2–5 μm, the α(17–51) and Bβ(1–42) regions bind thrombin but not batroxobin. Once bound to fibrin, the capacity of batroxobin to promote fibrin accretion is 18-fold greater than that of thrombin, a finding that may explain the microvascular thrombosis that complicates envenomation by B. atrox moojeni. Therefore, batroxobin binds fibrin(ogen) in a manner distinct from thrombin, which may contribute to its higher affinity interaction, selective fibrinopeptide A release, and prothrombotic properties. PMID:23612970

  8. Platelet-rich fibrin versus albumin in surgical wound repair: a randomized trial with paired design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Patricia L; Ågren, Sven Per Magnus; Jørgensen, Lars Nannestad

    2010-01-01

    To study the effects of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus human albumin on incisional wound breaking strength and subcutaneous collagen deposition in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a randomized trial.......To study the effects of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus human albumin on incisional wound breaking strength and subcutaneous collagen deposition in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a randomized trial....

  9. Pit and fissure sealants versus fluoride varnishes for preventing dental decay in the permanent teeth of children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahovuo-Saloranta, Anneli; Forss, Helena; Hiiri, Anne; Nordblad, Anne; Mäkelä, Marjukka

    2016-01-18

    Most of the detected increment in dental caries among children and adolescents is confined to occlusal surfaces of posterior permanent molars. Dental sealants and fluoride varnishes are much used preventive options for caries. Although the effectiveness of sealants and fluoride varnishes for controlling caries as compared with no intervention has been demonstrated in clinical trials and summarised in systematic reviews, the relative effectiveness of these two interventions remains unclear. This review is an update of one first published in 2006 and last updated in 2010. Primary objective • To evaluate the relative effectiveness of fissure sealants compared with fluoride varnishes, or fissure sealants together with fluoride varnishes compared with fluoride varnishes alone, for preventing dental caries in the occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth of children and adolescents. Secondary objectives • To evaluate whether effectiveness is influenced by sealant material type and length of follow-up.• To document and report on data concerning adverse events associated with sealants and fluoride varnishes. We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register (to 18 December 2015), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2015, Issue 11), MEDLINE via Ovid (1946 to 18 December 2015) and EMBASE via Ovid (1980 to 18 December 2015). We also searched the US National Institutes of Health Trials Register (http://clinicaltrials.gov) and the World Health Organization (WHO) Clinical Trials Registry Platform for ongoing trials. We placed no restrictions on language or date of publication when searching electronic databases. We screened the reference lists of identified trials and review articles for additional relevant studies. We included randomised controlled trials with at least 12 months of follow-up comparing fissure sealants, or fissure sealants together with fluoride varnishes, versus fluoride varnishes for

  10. Effect of Al2O3 Nano-Filler on Properties of Alkali/Alkaline-Earth Borosilicate Glass Composite Sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dong Bok; Kim, Kwang-Joong; Yoo, Gahee; Park, Sung; Lee, Jae Chun

    2015-07-01

    The effect of adding Al2O3 nano-filler (5 and 10 vol%) to two different alkali/alkaline-earth borosilicate glass sealants, particularly on the viscosity and electrical characteristics of the glass composite sealants, was investigated to improve the cyclic sealing performance. The effects of the filler and base glass composition on the viscosities, electrical conductivities, and phase transformations of the sealants were investigated. The glass viscosity was decreased by replacing 20 mol% SrO with alkali and zirconium oxide in a base alkaline-earth glass. Alumina filler increased the high-temperature electrical conductivities, as well as the viscosities, of the heat-treated glass composite sealants. The replacement of 20 mol% SrO with alkali and zirconium oxide in the base alkaline-earth glass decreased the electrical conductivity of the heat-treated glass containing Al2O3 nano-filler.

  11. Degree of conversion of three fissure sealants cured by different light curing units using micro-Raman spectroscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ario Santini

    2012-03-01

    Conclusion: Higher DC is achieved with the LED with less exposure time compared with the conventional QTH at top and bottom surfaces of the three fissure sealants, although a lower conversion may be expected in opaque materials.

  12. An overview on autologous fibrin glue in bone tissue engineering of maxillofacial surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azizollah Khodakaram-Tafti

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this review is to have an overview on the applications on the autologous fibrin glue as a bone graft substitute in maxillofacial injuries and defects. A search was conducted using the databases such as Medline or PubMed and Google Scholar for articles from 1985 to 2016. The criteria were “Autograft,” “Fibrin tissue adhesive,” “Tissue engineering,” “Maxillofacial injury,” and “Regenerative medicine.” Bone tissue engineering is a new promising approach for bone defect reconstruction. In this technique, cells are combined with three-dimensional scaffolds to provide a tissue-like structure to replace lost parts of the tissue. Fibrin as a natural scaffold, because of its biocompatibility and biodegradability, and the initial stability of the grafted stem cells is introduced as an excellent scaffold for tissue engineering. It promotes cell migration, proliferation, and matrix making through acceleration in angiogenesis. Growth factors in fibrin glue can stimulate and promote tissue repair. Autologous fibrin scaffolds are excellent candidates for tissue engineering so that they can be produced faster, cheaper, and in larger quantities. In addition, they are easy to use and the probability of viral or prion transmission may be decreased. Therefore, autologous fibrin glue appears to be promising scaffold in regenerative maxillofacial surgery.

  13. Enhanced Viability of Endothelial Colony Forming Cells in Fibrin Microbeads for Sensor Vascularization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarel K. Gandhi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Enhanced vascularization at sensor interfaces can improve long-term function. Fibrin, a natural polymer, has shown promise as a biomaterial for sensor coating due to its ability to sustain endothelial cell growth and promote local vascularization. However, the culture of cells, particularly endothelial cells (EC, within 3D scaffolds for more than a few days is challenging due to rapid loss of EC viability. In this manuscript, a robust method for developing fibrin microbead scaffolds for long-term culture of encapsulated ECs is described. Fibrin microbeads are formed using sodium alginate as a structural template. The size, swelling and structural properties of the microbeads were varied with needle gauge and composition and concentration of the pre-gel solution. Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs were suspended in the fibrin beads and cultured within a perfusion bioreactor system. The perfusion bioreactor enhanced ECFCs viability and genome stability in fibrin beads relative to static culture. Perfusion bioreactors enable 3D culture of ECs within fibrin beads for potential application as a sensor coating.

  14. A Novel Platelet Concentrate: Titanium-Prepared Platelet-Rich Fibrin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Tunalı

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We developed a new product called titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin (T-PRF. The T-PRF method is based on the hypothesis that titanium may be more effective in activating platelets than the silica activators used with glass tubes in Chouckroun’s leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF method. In this study, we aimed to define the structural characteristics of T-PRF and compare it with L-PRF. Blood samples were collected from 10 healthy male volunteers. The blood samples were drawn using a syringe. Nine milliliters was transferred to a dry glass tube, and 9 mL was transferred to a titanium tube. Half of each clot (i.e., the blood that was clotted using T-PRF or L-PRF was processed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM. The other half of each clot was processed for fluorescence microscopy analysis and light microscopy analysis. The T-PRF samples seemed to have a highly organized network with continuous integrity compared to the other L-PRF samples. Histomorphometric analysis showed that T-PRF fibrin network covers larger area than L-PRF fibrin network; also fibrin seemed thicker in the T-PRF samples. This is the first human study to define T-PRF as an autogenous leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin product. The platelet activation by titanium seems to offer some high characteristics to T-PRF.

  15. A novel platelet concentrate: titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunalı, Mustafa; Özdemir, Hakan; Küçükodacı, Zafer; Akman, Serhan; Yaprak, Emre; Toker, Hülya; Fıratlı, Erhan

    2014-01-01

    We developed a new product called titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin (T-PRF). The T-PRF method is based on the hypothesis that titanium may be more effective in activating platelets than the silica activators used with glass tubes in Chouckroun's leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) method. In this study, we aimed to define the structural characteristics of T-PRF and compare it with L-PRF. Blood samples were collected from 10 healthy male volunteers. The blood samples were drawn using a syringe. Nine milliliters was transferred to a dry glass tube, and 9 mL was transferred to a titanium tube. Half of each clot (i.e., the blood that was clotted using T-PRF or L-PRF) was processed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The other half of each clot was processed for fluorescence microscopy analysis and light microscopy analysis. The T-PRF samples seemed to have a highly organized network with continuous integrity compared to the other L-PRF samples. Histomorphometric analysis showed that T-PRF fibrin network covers larger area than L-PRF fibrin network; also fibrin seemed thicker in the T-PRF samples. This is the first human study to define T-PRF as an autogenous leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin product. The platelet activation by titanium seems to offer some high characteristics to T-PRF.

  16. The effects of scaffold architecture and fibrin gel addition on tendon cell phenotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawelec, K M; Wardale, R J; Best, S M; Cameron, R E

    2015-01-01

    Development of tissue engineering scaffolds relies on careful selection of pore architecture and chemistry of the cellular environment. Repair of skeletal soft tissue, such as tendon, is particularly challenging, since these tissues have a relatively poor healing response. When removed from their native environment, tendon cells (tenocytes) lose their characteristic morphology and the expression of phenotypic markers. To stimulate tendon cells to recreate a healthy extracellular matrix, both architectural cues and fibrin gels have been used in the past, however, their relative effects have not been studied systematically. Within this study, a combination of collagen scaffold architecture, axial and isotropic, and fibrin gel addition was assessed, using ovine tendon-derived cells to determine the optimal strategy for controlling the proliferation and protein expression. Scaffold architecture and fibrin gel addition influenced tendon cell behavior independently in vitro. Addition of fibrin gel within a scaffold doubled cell number and increased matrix production for all architectures studied. However, scaffold architecture dictated the type of matrix produced by cells, regardless of fibrin addition. Axial scaffolds, mimicking native tendon, promoted a mature matrix, with increased tenomodulin, a marker for mature tendon cells, and decreased scleraxis, an early transcription factor for connective tissue. This study demonstrated that both architectural cues and fibrin gel addition alter cell behavior and that the combination of these signals could improve clinical performance of current tissue engineering constructs.

  17. Nonsuture dural repair using polyglycolic acid mesh and fibrin glue: clinical application to spinal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hida, Kazutoshi; Yamaguchi, Satoshi; Seki, Toshitaka; Yano, Shunsuke; Akino, Minoru; Terasaka, Shunsuke; Uchida, Takanori; Iwasaki, Yoshinobu

    2006-02-01

    In spinal surgery, repair of the dura is difficult when it is torn or fragile or is ossified as in cases with ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament. We report our experience with a nonsuture dural repair technique in patients undergoing spinal surgery; it uses a dura substitute composed of polyglycolic acid (PGA) mesh and fibrin glue. Here, we report the efficacy and safety of nonsuture duroplasty using PGA mesh and fibrin glue (PGA-fibrin sheet). The artificial dura mater is composed of a PGA-fibrin sheet. The dural defect is covered with a patch sprayed with fibrin glue without suturing to the dura mater. We first evaluated this technique in an experimental study by performing water leakage tests. Between May 2001 and January 2005, we used it in 160 spinal surgeries that required intraoperative dura repair. Our preliminary tests showed that the threshold for water pressure without leakage was 161 +/- 42 and 96.5 +/- 32 mm Hg when the unsprayed margin around the perimeter of the patch was 5 and 2 mm, respectively. Of the 160 operated patients, 10 (6.3%) experienced subcutaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. Of these, 6 required a second operation; in the other 4, the CSF collection diminished spontaneously. There were no other complications such as allergic reaction, adhesion, or infection. In combination with CSF diversion, the PGA-fibrin sheet is a viable alternative method for dural repair in spinal surgery.

  18. Autologous Blood Versus Fibrin Glue in Pterygium Excision With Conjunctival Autograft Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadarajah, Gaayathri; Ratnalingam, Vanitha Hema; Mohd Isa, Hazlita

    2017-04-01

    To evaluate graft stability and recurrence rate between fibrin glue and autologous blood in pterygium conjunctival autograft surgery. A prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical trial to assess the efficacy of autologous blood in place of fibrin glue in pterygium surgery. A total of 120 eyes of 111 patients were randomized according to pterygium morphology, to undergo pterygium surgery with autografting using either autologous blood or fibrin glue. All patients were operated by a single surgeon; 58 eyes were operated using fibrin glue and 62 eyes had a conjunctival autograft with autologous blood. Patients were seen on postoperative day 1, 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and 1 year after surgery. Graft stability and pterygium recurrence were graded by an independent observer who was masked to the method of treatment. All 120 eyes completed the 1-year follow-up. Graft loss was seen only in the autologous blood group. Of the 62 eyes in this group, a total of 15 (24.2%) grafts dislodged. Recurrence was calculated after excluding grafts that were dislodged. Of the 105 patients, there were a total of 7 recurrences, 2 (3.4%) from the fibrin adhesive method and 5 (10.6%) from the autologous blood method. This was not statistically significant (P = 0.238). Autologous blood does not exhibit similar graft stability seen with fibrin glue. Although the recurrence rate may not be significant, careful patient selection and a standard method needs to be laid out before the use of this method is widely accepted.

  19. Use of occlusal sealant in a community program and caries incidence in high- and low-risk children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vânia Baldini

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate the effectiveness of sealant placement under the guidelines of the Oral Health Promotion Program for Children and Adolescents (Portugal, and to test the influence of clinical and socioeconomic variables on the DMFT increment in 277 children, born in 1997. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A dental hygienist performed the initial examinations and sealant placement (Helioseal, Vivadent on the permanent first molars in 2005. These activities were registered in dental records that were assessed in 2007. Children were classified according to caries risk at baseline [high (HR: DMFT+dmft>0; low (LR: DMFT+dmft=0 risk] and sealant placement as follows: HR-S and LR-S Groups (with sealant placement; HR-NS and LR-NS Groups (without sealant placement. A calibrated dentist performed the final examination in 2007 at school, based on the World Health Organization recommendations. The variables collected were: dental caries, visible dental plaque, malocclusions, and socioeconomic level (questionnaire sent to children's parents. For univariate (Chi-square or Fisher tests and multivariate (Multiple logistic regression analyses the DMFT increment >0 was selected as dependent variable. RESULTS: Approximately 17.0% of the children showed DMFT increment>0 (mean=0.25. High-risk children presented a significant increase in the number of decayed and/or filled teeth. These children had 7.94 more chance of developing caries. Children who did not receive sealant were 1.8 more prone to have DMFT increment >0. CONCLUSION: It appears that sealant placement was effective in preventing dental caries development. Moreover, the variables "risk" and "sealant placement" were predictors for DMFT increment in the studied children.

  20. Use of occlusal sealant in a community program and caries incidence in high- and low-risk children

    Science.gov (United States)

    BALDINI, Vânia; TAGLIAFERRO, Elaine Pereira da Silva; AMBROSANO, Gláucia Maria Bovi; MENEGHIM, Marcelo de Castro; PEREIRA, Antonio Carlos

    2011-01-01

    Objective The aims of this study were to investigate the effectiveness of sealant placement under the guidelines of the Oral Health Promotion Program for Children and Adolescents (Portugal), and to test the influence of clinical and socioeconomic variables on the DMFT increment in 277 children, born in 1997. Material and Methods A dental hygienist performed the initial examinations and sealant placement (Helioseal, Vivadent) on the permanent first molars in 2005. These activities were registered in dental records that were assessed in 2007. Children were classified according to caries risk at baseline [high (HR: DMFT+dmft>0); low (LR: DMFT+dmft=0) risk] and sealant placement as follows: HR-S and LR-S Groups (with sealant placement); HR-NS and LR-NS Groups (without sealant placement). A calibrated dentist performed the final examination in 2007 at school, based on the World Health Organization recommendations. The variables collected were: dental caries, visible dental plaque, malocclusions, and socioeconomic level (questionnaire sent to children's parents). For univariate (Chi-square or Fisher tests) and multivariate (Multiple logistic regression) analyses the DMFT increment >0 was selected as dependent variable. Results Approximately 17.0% of the children showed DMFT increment>0 (mean=0.25). High-risk children presented a significant increase in the number of decayed and/or filled teeth. These children had 7.94 more chance of developing caries. Children who did not receive sealant were 1.8 more prone to have DMFT increment >0. Conclusion It appears that sealant placement was effective in preventing dental caries development. Moreover, the variables "risk" and "sealant placement" were predictors for DMFT increment in the studied children. PMID:21710092

  1. A 50-year audit of published peer-reviewed literature on pit and fissure sealants, 1962-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San-Martin, Laura; Ogunbodede, Eyitope O; Kalenderian, Elsbeth

    2013-11-01

    Pit and fissure sealants have been used for many decades to prevent the initiation of caries on susceptible tooth surfaces. The purpose of this study was to analyze the peer-reviewed published scientific literature on pit and fissure sealants over the last 50 years. On the PubMed database, all publications on pit and fissure sealants from 1962-2011 were extracted using the search phrase [(pit OR fissure) AND (sealant OR sealants OR adhesive)]. Details of all retrievals were individually entered into SPSS for analysis. A total of 2829 publications were found. The mean number of authors was 2.73 ± 1.90 (range = 1-23). Although single-authorship was the modal group with 32.1%, it had a sustained decrease from 75.0% for 1962-1971 to 17.6% for 2002-2011. On the contrary, publications with three or more authors increased from 8.3% to 47.3% during the same period. Human studies accounted for 88.6% and clinical trial was 11.9%, followed by reviews at 10.2% and randomized controlled trials at 6.9%. English was the language of reporting for 82.0% of the studies. It is anticipated that future research on pit and fissure sealants will focus on newer and more effective materials.

  2. Polyethylene glycol hydrogel polymer sealant for vitrectomy surgery: an in vitro study of sutureless vitrectomy incision closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hariprasad, Seenu M; Singh, Ajay

    2011-03-01

    To test a novel hydrogel sealant to secure sutureless sclerotomies under variable intraocular pressure conditions. In cadaver eyes, 23- and 20-gauge (G) sclerotomies were constructed. Sixteen 23-G beveled sclerotomies were constructed in 4 eyes: 8 of the incisions were treated with hydrogel sealant, while 8 were left bare. All sclerotomies were monitored for leaks while the intraocular pressure was elevated. The pressure on incision leakage was recorded as the leak pressure (maximum tested = 140 mm Hg). Additionally, sixteen 20-G sclerotomies were constructed in 4 other eyes: 8 of the incisions were treated with hydrogel sealant, while 8 were sutured. These incisions were similarly pressure tested. Among the 23-G incisions, hydrogel sealant application to the incisions significantly increased the leak pressure relative to bare incisions: mean (SE), 131.8 (8.2) vs 39.5 (5.2) mm Hg, respectively (P Hydrogel sealant significantly increased the leak pressure among 23-G incisions relative to 23-G bare incisions and was equivalent to suturing among 20-G incisions. Hydrogel sealants effectively close vitrectomy incisions and may decrease the incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis and hypotony.

  3. Spread of PCB from PCB-containing elastic sealant to adjacent building materials; Spridning av PCB fraan PCB-haltiga fogmassor till angraensande byggmaterial. Provtagningar, analyser och utvaerdering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sundahl, Mikael; Hjorthage, Annette; Torstensson, Cecilia; Ek-Olausson, Birgitta

    2001-07-01

    There is a significant PCB contamination of building materials with adjacent PCB-containing sealants. The studied building materials are concrete, brick, wood, light concrete, plaster/light concrete in combination, marble and polyurethane foam. All materials have high levels of PCB in the layer adjacent to the PCB-sealant. This is probably due to that most of the materials are rather porous giving a physical penetration of sealant into the materials. Apart from this PCB also have diffused into the materials from the sealant. Large amounts of PCB can be removed by grinding the layers adjacent to the sealant before putting a new sealant into place. A rough estimate shows that about 29 tons of PCB can be removed from concrete by such grinding (2 mm) in Swedish buildings. In two objects where remediation previously was done, taking away the sealant (12 to 16 month ago) including 2 to 3 mm grinding of the concrete, PCB contamination of the new sealant are measured. The PCB contents in these sealants are within good margin below the level (500 ppm) suggested by 'Byggsektorns kretsloppsraad' for remediation of sealant. In connection with demolition of houses built with blocks of concrete, where PCB-sealant was used in the joints, the spread of PCB to the surrounding soil was studied. The demolitions were made by cutting an incision in the seal before taking down the concrete blocks. After this the sealant was cut away and then the concrete was grind. This part was done in a separate platform. The spread of PCB was significant close to this platform, but close to the demolished houses no significant spread could be detected.

  4. PAH volatilization following application of coal-tar-based pavement sealant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Metre, Peter C.; Majewski, Michael S.; Mahler, Barbara J.; Foreman, William T.; Braun, Christopher L.; Wilson, Jennifer T.; Burbank, Teresa L.

    2012-01-01

    Coal-tar-based pavement sealants, a major source of PAHs to urban water bodies, have recently been identified as a source of volatile PAHs to the atmosphere. We tracked the volatilization of PAHs for 1 year after application of a coal-tar-based pavement sealant by measuring gas-phase PAH concentrations above the pavement surface and solid-phase PAH concentrations in sealant scraped from the surface. Gas-phase concentrations at two heights (0.03 and 1.28 m) and wind speed were used to estimate volatilization flux. The sum of the concentrations of eight frequently detected PAHs (ΣPAH8) in the 0.03-m sample 1.6 h after application (297,000 ng m-3) was about 5000 times greater than that previously reported for the same height above unsealed parking lots (66 ng m-3). Flux at 1.6 h after application was estimated at 45,000 μg m-2 h-1 and decreased rapidly during the 45 days after application to 160 μg m-2 h-1. Loss of PAHs from the adhered sealant also was rapid, with about a 50% decrease in solid-phase ΣPAH8 concentration over the 45 days after application. There was general agreement, given the uncertainties, in the estimated mass of ΣPAH8 lost to the atmosphere on the basis of air sampling (2–3 g m-2) and adhered sealant sampling (6 g m-2) during the first 16 days after application, translating to a loss to the atmosphere of one-quarter to one-half of the PAHs in the sealcoat product. Combining the estimated mass of ΣPAH8 released to the atmosphere with a national-use estimate of coal-tar-based sealant suggests that PAH emissions from new coal-tar-based sealcoat applications each year (~1000 Mg) are larger than annual vehicle emissions of PAHs for the United States.

  5. Evaluation of retention of pit and fissure sealants placed with and without air abrasion pretreatment in 6-8 year old children – An in vivo study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Mridula

    2017-01-01

    Background The success of pit and fissure sealants is directly related to their retention. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the retention of pit and fissure sealants placed using acid etch alone and a combination of air abrasion and acid etch techniques. Material and Methods 50 subjects aged 6-8 years were included in the study. Primary second molars and permanent first molars were sealed in all four quadrants using split mouth design. The right maxillary and mandibular molars (Group A) were treated by acid etching alone while the left maxillary and mandibular molars (Group B) were pretreated with air abrasion followed by acid etching before application of pit and fissure sealant. Retention of sealants was checked using Simonsen’s criteria of sealant retention after three and six months of sealant application. Results There was no significant difference in retention of sealants in Group A and Group B (psealant retention in primary and permanent molars was not significant (p>0.05). Maxillary molars showed superior retention compared to mandibular molars, which was statistically significant at both three and six months (psealant retention compared to acid etching alone in both primary and permanent molars after 3 and 6 months follow up. An additional air abrasion pretreatment step can be avoided in pediatric patients when placing sealants and the procedure can be completed faster with better behavior management using acid etching alone. Key words:Pit and fissure sealant, acid etching, air abrasion. PMID:28210438

  6. Evaluation of retention of pit and fissure sealants placed with and without air abrasion pretreatment in 6-8 year old children - An in vivo study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhushan, Urvashi; Goswami, Mridula

    2017-02-01

    The success of pit and fissure sealants is directly related to their retention. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the retention of pit and fissure sealants placed using acid etch alone and a combination of air abrasion and acid etch techniques. 50 subjects aged 6-8 years were included in the study. Primary second molars and permanent first molars were sealed in all four quadrants using split mouth design. The right maxillary and mandibular molars (Group A) were treated by acid etching alone while the left maxillary and mandibular molars (Group B) were pretreated with air abrasion followed by acid etching before application of pit and fissure sealant. Retention of sealants was checked using Simonsen's criteria of sealant retention after three and six months of sealant application. There was no significant difference in retention of sealants in Group A and Group B (psealant retention in primary and permanent molars was not significant (p>0.05). Maxillary molars showed superior retention compared to mandibular molars, which was statistically significant at both three and six months (psealant retention compared to acid etching alone in both primary and permanent molars after 3 and 6 months follow up. An additional air abrasion pretreatment step can be avoided in pediatric patients when placing sealants and the procedure can be completed faster with better behavior management using acid etching alone. Key words:Pit and fissure sealant, acid etching, air abrasion.

  7. Pit and fissure sealants versus fluoride varnishes for preventing dental decay in children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiiri, A; Ahovuo-Saloranta, A; Nordblad, A; Mäkelä, M

    2006-10-18

    The majority of the detected increment in dental caries is confined to pit and fissure surfaces of first molars. Application of pit and fissure sealants and topical fluorides are widely used procedures in the prevention of decay, and their effectiveness in caries prevention has been proved by systematic reviews. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of pit and fissure sealants with fluoride varnishes in the prevention of dental decay on occlusal surfaces. Electronic searching was performed on the following databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register (last update November 2005), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2005, Issue 4), MEDLINE (from 1966 to December 2005), EMBASE (from 1974 to November 2004), SIGLE (from 1976 to December 2004), SCISEARCH, CAplus, INSPEC, JICST-EPLUS, NTIS, PASCAL (last update December 2004), DARE, NHS EED and HTA (last update November 2005). Reference lists from articles that fulfilled the inclusion criteria in this review and from review articles based on the search of MEDLINE were searched for additional relevant articles. Conference abstracts published as books or journals and handsearched by the Cochrane Oral Health Group were also included. The inclusion criteria for study selection were: random or quasi-random allocation study design; sealants versus fluoride varnish or sealants and fluoride varnish combination versus fluoride varnish alone; included studies included caries documentation on occlusal surfaces of permanent molars and the subjects were under 20 years of age. Both parallel and split-mouth study designs were accepted. The primary outcome of interest was the increment in the numbers of carious occlusal surfaces of premolars and molars. A study was excluded if sealants and fluoride varnish were not compared with each other. Two review authors carried out the baseline searches, selecting the papers on the basis of the title, keywords and

  8. A Safe and Efficient Method to Retrieve Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Three-Dimensional Fibrin Gels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrion, Bita; Janson, Isaac A.; Kong, Yen P.

    2014-01-01

    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) display multipotent characteristics that make them ideal for potential therapeutic applications. MSCs are typically cultured as monolayers on tissue culture plastic, but there is increasing evidence suggesting that they may lose their multipotency over time in vitro and eventually cease to retain any resemblance to in vivo resident MSCs. Three-dimensional (3D) culture systems that more closely recapitulate the physiological environment of MSCs and other cell types are increasingly explored for their capacity to support and maintain the cell phenotypes. In much of our own work, we have utilized fibrin, a natural protein-based material that serves as the provisional extracellular matrix during wound healing. Fibrin has proven to be useful in numerous tissue engineering applications and has been used clinically as a hemostatic material. Its rapid self-assembly driven by thrombin-mediated alteration of fibrinogen makes fibrin an attractive 3D substrate, in which cells can adhere, spread, proliferate, and undergo complex morphogenetic programs. However, there is a significant need for simple cost-effective methods to safely retrieve cells encapsulated within fibrin hydrogels to perform additional analyses or use the cells for therapy. Here, we present a safe and efficient protocol for the isolation of MSCs from 3D fibrin gels. The key ingredient of our successful extraction method is nattokinase, a serine protease of the subtilisin family that has a strong fibrinolytic activity. Our data show that MSCs recovered from 3D fibrin gels using nattokinase are not only viable but also retain their proliferative and multilineage potentials. Demonstrated for MSCs, this method can be readily adapted to retrieve any other cell type from 3D fibrin gel constructs for various applications, including expansion, bioassays, and in vivo implantation. PMID:23808842

  9. Culture and Characterization of Oral Mucosal Epithelial Cells on a Fibrin Gel for Ocular Surface Reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheth, Radhika; Neale, Michael H; Shortt, Alex J; Massie, Isobel; Vernon, Amanda J; Daniels, Julie T

    2015-01-01

    To develop a clinical grade fibrin gel for the culture of oral mucosal epithelial cells (OMEC) intended for ocular surface reconstruction in the treatment of limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD). Transparent fibrin gels composed of fibrinogen and thrombin were developed for the culture of epithelial cells. Oral mucosa was harvested from the buccal region of healthy volunteers and cultured as explants on fibrin gels. Tranexamic acid (TA), a clinically approved anti-fibrinolytic agent was added to prevent the fibrin gel from digesting due to cellular activity. The gels were stained for p63α (as a marker of poorly differentiated epithelial cells), CK19, CK13 and CK3 (expressed by OMEC). Epithelial cell stratification was observed using hematoxylin-eosin staining. Addition of TA prevented gels from dissolving during the culture period. OMEC proliferated on the fibrin gel and attained confluence over a 2-week period (±2 d) and exhibited a typical epithelial, cobblestone morphology. Basal OMEC exhibited positive staining for p63α while the superficial cells exhibited positive staining for CK3. The cells expressed a strong immunoreactivity for CK19 and CK13 suggesting that they retained a normal oral epithelial phenotype. Fibrin gels, maintained in the presence of TA, to control the rate of substrate degradation, provide a more robust yet transparent substrate for the culture and transplantation of cultured OMEC. The fibrin gels are easily standardized, the components commercially available, and produced from clinically approved materials. The resulting stratified OMEC-derived epithelium displays characteristics similar to that of a human cornea, e.g. CK3 expression. The conventional dependence on a murine feeder layer for support of epithelial cells is unnecessary with this technique and hence, provides for an attractive alternative for treatment of LSCD.

  10. A safe and efficient method to retrieve mesenchymal stem cells from three-dimensional fibrin gels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrion, Bita; Janson, Isaac A; Kong, Yen P; Putnam, Andrew J

    2014-03-01

    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) display multipotent characteristics that make them ideal for potential therapeutic applications. MSCs are typically cultured as monolayers on tissue culture plastic, but there is increasing evidence suggesting that they may lose their multipotency over time in vitro and eventually cease to retain any resemblance to in vivo resident MSCs. Three-dimensional (3D) culture systems that more closely recapitulate the physiological environment of MSCs and other cell types are increasingly explored for their capacity to support and maintain the cell phenotypes. In much of our own work, we have utilized fibrin, a natural protein-based material that serves as the provisional extracellular matrix during wound healing. Fibrin has proven to be useful in numerous tissue engineering applications and has been used clinically as a hemostatic material. Its rapid self-assembly driven by thrombin-mediated alteration of fibrinogen makes fibrin an attractive 3D substrate, in which cells can adhere, spread, proliferate, and undergo complex morphogenetic programs. However, there is a significant need for simple cost-effective methods to safely retrieve cells encapsulated within fibrin hydrogels to perform additional analyses or use the cells for therapy. Here, we present a safe and efficient protocol for the isolation of MSCs from 3D fibrin gels. The key ingredient of our successful extraction method is nattokinase, a serine protease of the subtilisin family that has a strong fibrinolytic activity. Our data show that MSCs recovered from 3D fibrin gels using nattokinase are not only viable but also retain their proliferative and multilineage potentials. Demonstrated for MSCs, this method can be readily adapted to retrieve any other cell type from 3D fibrin gel constructs for various applications, including expansion, bioassays, and in vivo implantation.

  11. The influence of type 2 diabetes on fibrin clot properties in patients with coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neergaard-Petersen, S; Hvas, A-M; Kristensen, S D; Grove, E L; Larsen, S B; Phoenix, F; Kurdee, Z; Grant, P J; Ajjan, R A

    2014-12-01

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) increases the risk of coronary thrombosis and both conditions are associated with altered fibrin clot properties. However, the influence of T2DM on fibrin clot properties in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the influence of T2DM on fibrin clot properties in patients with CAD. Fibrin clot structure and fibrinolysis were investigated in 581 CAD patients (148 with T2DM) using turbidimetric assays, confocal and scanning electron microscopy. Clots made from plasma and plasma-purified fibrinogen were studied, and plasma levels of inflammatory markers were analysed. T2DM patients had increased clot maximum absorbance compared with non-diabetic patients (0.36 ± 0.1 vs 0.33 ± 0.1 au; p=0.01), displayed longer lysis time (804 [618;1002] vs 750 [624;906] seconds; p=0.03) and showed more compact fibrin structure assessed by confocal and electron microscopy. Fibrinogen levels were elevated in T2DM (p< 0.001), but clots made from purified fibrinogen showed no differences in fibrin properties in the two populations. Adjusting for fibrinogen levels, T2DM was associated with C-reactive protein and complement C3 plasma levels, with the former correlating with clot maximum absorbance (r=0.24, p< 0.0001) and the latter with lysis time (r=0.30, p< 0.0001). Independent of fibrinogen levels, females had more compact clots with prolonged lysis time compared with males (all p-values< 0.001). In conclusion, T2DM is associated with prothrombotic changes in fibrin clot properties in patients with CAD. This is related to quantitative rather than qualitative changes in fibrinogen with a possible role for inflammatory proteins.

  12. The effect of chronic kidney disease on fibrin clot properties in patients with acute coronary syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Undas, Anetta; Nycz, Krzysztof; Pastuszczak, Maciej; Stompor, Tomasz; Zmudka, Krzysztof

    2010-09-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined as a decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR < 60 ml/min), is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events. Both acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and end-stage renal disease have been shown to be associated with formation of compact fibrin clots relatively resistant to lysis. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of CKD on fibrin clot properties in patients with ACS. In 30 ACS patients, aged 48-72 years, with CKD and 30 ACS patients with eGFR more than 60 ml/min, we investigated plasma fibrin clot properties using permeation and turbidity assays, including three different clot lysis assays. The ACS patients with eGFR less than 60 ml/min and those with normal filtration rate did not differ with regard to demographics, risk factors, medications and routine laboratory tests, including fibrinogen. The former group had higher plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (P = 0.002) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) (P = 0.008). Compared with ACS patients with eGFR more than 60 ml/min, the ACS patients with CKD formed less porous fibrin clots (P = 0.004) and susceptible to fibrinolysis (P < 0.001), had thicker overall fibrin fibers (P = 0.007), earlier onset of fibrin clot formation (P = 0.004) and increased clot mass (P < 0.001). By multiple regression analysis, clot permeability was independently predicted by eGFR (P = 0.0005) and fibrinogen (P = 0.001), whereas the only predictors of lysis time were eGFR (P = 0.006) and tPA (P = 0.002). This study indicates that ACS patients with CKD display unfavorable fibrin clot properties including impaired fibrinolysis, which might contribute to worse outcome in this population.

  13. Application of Platelet-Rich Fibrin and Injectable Platelet-Rich Fibrin in Combination of Bone Substitute Material for Alveolar Ridge Augmentation - a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chenchev Ivan L.

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Different barrier membranes and augmentation techniques are used in oral surgery to recover lost bone structures with varied success. Recently, a combination between bone graft materials and Platelet-Rich-Fibrin (PRF is implemented in the periodontology and implantology.

  14. Assessment of early occlusal caries pre- and post-sealant application--an imaging approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtzman, Jennifer S; Ballantine, Jami; Fontana, Margherita; Wang, Alex; Calantog, Alden; Benavides, Erika; Gonzalez-Cabezas, Carlos; Chen, Zhongping; Wilder-Smith, Petra

    2014-08-01

    Clinicians have difficulty assessing and monitoring early occlusal caries. Traditional clinical exam and radiographs are unable to detect the subtle alterations in enamel indicative of de- or re-mineralization, particularly under dental sealants. Although clinicians have used laser fluorescence (LF) to address this gap, this modality has demonstrated weak correlation with histology. The International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS-II) has demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for caries detection, but since it is based on visual assessment, it is of no use in areas beneath the most commonly used dental sealants which are opaque. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emergent assessment tool which has demonstrated great promise in detecting and quantifying caries, including areas beneath commonly used dental sealants and composites. However, OCT has not yet been widely integrated into clinical dental practice, perhaps because OCT imaging does not provide an easily accessible diagnostic outcome for clinicians. The objective of this ex vivo study was to use OCT-images of sound and carious occlusal surfaces in combination with a simple algorithm to compare the caries detection ability of OCT with tools clinicians may be more familiar with (LF and radiography), and with an established valid and reliable clinical assessment tool (ICDAS-II). One hundred twenty extracted teeth with sound or naturally carious occlusal surfaces were imaged with OCT, LF, radiography, and examined clinically with the ICDAS-II. Teeth were randomized to one of two dental sealants recommended for use with LF. A novel simple algorithm was used to interpret OCT-based images. The accuracy of caries severity assessments of the OCT-based diagnosis, LF, ICDAS-II, and digital radiography were compared to the 4-point histological analysis gold standard. OCT and ICDAS-II caries severity assessments demonstrated high sensitivity (94.0%; 92.3%) and specificity (85.0%; 83.3%), LF

  15. Pit and fissure sealants for preventing dental decay in permanent teeth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahovuo-Saloranta, Anneli; Forss, Helena; Walsh, Tanya

    2017-01-01

    to 3 August 2016), and Embase Ovid (1980 to 3 August 2016). We searched ClinicalTrials.gov and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform for ongoing trials to 3 August 2016. No restrictions were placed on language or date of publication. Selection criteria...... that compared compomers to resins/composites. Data collection and analysis: Two review authors independently screened search results, extracted data and assessed risk of bias of included studies. We presented outcomes for caries or no caries on occlusal surfaces of permanent molar teeth as odds ratio (OR...... GRADE methods to assess evidence quality. Main results: We included 38 trials that involved a total of 7924 children; seven trials were new for this update (1693 participants). Fifteen trials evaluated the effects of resin-based sealant versus no sealant (3620 participants in 14 studies plus 575 tooth...

  16. Platelet-rich fibrin application in immediate implant placement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijayalakshmi Rajaram

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The dental rehabilitation of a patient following single-tooth extraction in the esthetic zone is often clinically challenging. The treatment option for this is implant-supported single crown which has the advantage that adjacent teeth do not have to be prepared, as in a fixed prosthesis. This article presents a case of immediate implant placement in relation to 22 and a guided bone regeneration approach with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF and bone graft. After immediate implant placement, to compensate for the gap (jumping distance between the implant surface and bone walls of the socket, we used bone grafts and PRF clot as well as PRF membrane to achieve guided bone regeneration. PRF, which is the second generation platelet concentrate, offers the surgeon an access to growth factors with a simple and available technology. These growth factors, which are autologous, nontoxic, and nonimmunogenic, enhance and accelerate the normal bone regeneration pathways. The case presented showed successful outcome with a 1 year follow-up period.

  17. Intrathoracic meningocele associated with neurofibromatosis Type 1 and a novel technique for surgical repair: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Paramita; Goyal, Tarini; Hunt, Matthew A

    2017-09-01

    Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a neurocutaneous disorder that can have associated spinal abnormalities related to both bone and dural dysplasia. Thoracic meningoceles are one spine anomaly associated with NF1, although they are a fairly uncommon pathology. Surgical techniques to treat these meningoceles, usually undertaken only when the patient is symptomatic, are targeted at decreasing the size of the protrusion and improving lung capacity. Surgical interventions discussed in the literature include shunting the pseudomeningocele, primary repair with laminectomy, thoracoscopic plication, and reinforcement of the closure with cement, muscle, or fascia. Authors here report the case of a 43-year-old woman with NF1 with worsening pulmonary function tests and in whom shunting of the pseudomeningocele failed. Subsequently, a posterolateral thoracotomy was performed. The dura mater was reconstructed and primarily closed. On this closure a Gore-Tex soft-tissue patch was placed along with polypropylene mesh and Evicel fibrin sealant, followed by titanium mesh. At the end of the procedure, a chest tube was left in place and therapeutic pneumoperitoneum was performed to decrease the dead space as the lung did not fully expand with positive-pressure ventilation. The patient's pulmonary function tests improved after the procedure. Thoracic meningoceles are uncommon and difficult pathologies to treat surgically. Although shunting is arguably the least invasive surgical option, it can fail in some patients. When it does fail, there are other options that require a multidisciplinary approach and careful attention to the dural closure and reinforcing layers.

  18. Influence of light-curing mode on the cytotoxicity of resin-based surface sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegehaupt, Florian J; Tauböck, Tobias T; Attin, Thomas; Belibasakis, Georgios N

    2014-05-06

    Surface sealants have been successfully used in the prevention of erosive tooth wear. However, when multiple tooth surfaces should be sealed, the light-curing procedure is very time-consuming. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether reduced light-curing time (while maintaining similar energy density) has an influence on resin-based surface sealant cytotoxicity. Bovine dentine discs were treated as follows: group 1: untreated, groups 2-5: Seal&Protect and groups 6-9: experimental sealer. Groups 2 and 6 were light-cured (VALO LED light-curing device) for 40 s (1000 mW/cm2), groups 3 and 7 for 10 s (1000 mW/cm2), groups 4 and 8 for 7 s (1400 mW/cm2) and groups 5 and 9 for 3 s (3200 mW/cm2). Later, materials were extracted in culture medium for 24 h, and released lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity as a measure of cytotoxicity was determined photometrically after cells (dental pulp cells and gingival fibroblasts) were exposed to the extracts for 24 h. Three independent experiments, for both sample preparation and cytotoxicity testing, were performed. Overall, lowest cytotoxicity was observed for the unsealed control group. No significant influence of light-curing settings on the cytotoxicity was observed (p = 0.537 and 0.838 for pulp cells and gingival fibroblasts, respectively). No significant difference in the cytotoxicity of the two sealants was observed after light-curing with same light-curing settings (group 2 vs. 6, 3 vs. 7, 4 vs. 8 and 5 vs. 9: p > 0.05, respectively). Shortening the light-curing time, while maintaining constant energy density, resulted in no higher cytotoxicity of the investigated sealants.

  19. Effect of Two Surface Sealants on Microleakage of Class V Resin Composite Restorations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosa Aboali

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: When composite resin polymerizes, shrinkage stresses tend to produce gaps at the tooth/ restoration interfaces. Surface sealants may reduce or avoid problems related to the marginal interface. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different surface sealants (Fortify and Optiguard on the microleakage of class V resin composite restorations. Materials and Methods: Twenty three sound noncarious molars were collected. Totally, 45 Class V cavities with the occlusal margins in enamel and cervical margins in cementum were prepared in both buccal and lingual surfaces. The specimens were randomly assigned in three groups (15 cavities in each group and then restored with a resin composite. After the finishing and polishing procedures, the restorations in each group were covered with a specific surface sealant, except for the control samples, which were not sealed. After placing restorations, the specimens were thermocycled and then immersed in a 50% silver nitrate solution (tracer agent for four hours, sectioned longitudinally and analyzed for leakage using a stereomicroscope in a blind manner. The marginal microleakage was evaluated at the occlusal and cervical interfaces and compared among the three groups using the Kruskall-Wallis and the Mann-Whitney U tests. Results: Microleakage was found in all groups at both occlusal and cervical margins. Significantly greater leakage was observed at the cervical margins compared to the enamel margins of the material groups (P=0.005. There was no statistically significant difference among the groups at occlusal margins (P=0.66. In the cervical region, Fortify showed improved results and statistically presented the lowest degree of microleakage (P=0.003. onclusion: The used sealant materials presented different rates of effectiveness and Fortify decreased marginal microleakage significantly.

  20. The effect of bonding and surface sealant application on postoperative sensitivity from posterior composites

    OpenAIRE

    Tekce, Neslihan; Demirci, Mustafa; Gokturk, Sultan Aslıhan; Tuncer, Safa; Ozel, Emre; Pala, Kansad; Baydemir, Canan

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the postoperative sensitivity of posterior Class I composite restoration at short-term, restorated with two different all-in-one self-etch adhesives with or without surface sealant application. Materials and Methods: 44 restorations were inserted in 11 patients who required Class I restorations in their molars. Each patient received 4 restorations, thus four groups were formed; (1) G-Aenial Bond (GC, Japan); (2) Clearfil S3 Bond (Kuraray, Japa...

  1. Two-year survival of glass ionomer sealanTs placed as parT of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-09-09

    Sep 9, 2010 ... a. m. Kemoli, department of paediatric dentistry/orthodontics, school of dental sciences university of nairobi p.o. Box 34834, 00100 nairobi Kenya. Two-year survival of glass ionomer sealanTs placed as parT of proximal aTraumaTic resToraTive TreaTmenT resToraTions. a. m. Kemoli, g. n. opinya and w. e. ...

  2. Eruption pattern of permanent molars: implications for school-based dental sealant programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuthy, R A; Ashton, J J

    1989-01-01

    Dental caries remains a prevalent, chronic disease of childhood. The preponderance of dental caries is located on the pit and fissure surfaces of teeth, an area where dental sealants are most effective in preventing this malady. In the school year 1987-88, 4,879 Ohio schoolchildren participated in an assessment of dental health. Grades chosen for this assessment included 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, and 11. This study focuses on eruption of first and second permanent molars in development of a timing strategy for placement of occlusal sealants in a school-based program. An eruption score was developed for the determination of the first or second molar eruption status for each child. The data were analyzed for grade, sex, race, locale, fluoridation status, and percent of children on free or reduced-cost lunch programs. Analyses were performed on 2,215 children in grades 1-3 and 1,840 children in grades 6-8. Fifty-seven percent of first graders had all first permanent molars sufficiently erupted for sealant placement on the occlusal surface. Likewise, 23.6 percent of sixth graders had sufficient occlusal exposure on the second molar. Females showed an earlier eruption pattern than males for both first (P less than .05) and second (P less than .001) molars. Black children preceded white children only in the eruption of the second molar (P less than .001). This study provides dental public health decision makers with state-specific information on the earliest time to initiate a school-based occlusal sealant program.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  3. Antibacterial properties of pit and fissure sealants combined with daily fluoride mouth rinse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matalon, Shlomo; Peretz, Benjamin; Sidon, Reut; Weiss, Ervin I; Slutzky, Hagay

    2010-01-01

    Pit and fissure sealants are widely used in the prevention of initial occlusal caries. The purpose of this study was to determine whether fluoride releasing pit and fissure sealants regain their antibacterial properties after rinsing with a fluoride solution. Helioseal F, Ultraseal XT, Dyract Seal, and GC Fuji TRIAGE were placed on the sidewalls of the wells of a 96-microtiter plate. After polymerization and a 30 day aging process, the samples were rinsed daily with a 0.05% NaF solution for 14 days. Twenty four hours after the last fluoride rinse, freshly grown Streptococcus mutans cells (circa 1 x 106) were placed on the surface of each sample for 1 hour at 37 degrees C. Growth medium was then added to each well and bacterial growth was followed for 24 hours in a temperature-controlled spectrophotometer. Similar experiments were conducted on samples 48 hours and 72 hours after the last fluoride rinse. The results showed that both GC Fuji TRIAGE and Dyract Seal possessed antibacterial properties 24 hours after the last fluoride exposure. GC Fuji TRIAGE maintained potent antibacterial properties 48 hours after the last fluoride rinse. 72 hours after the last fluoride rinse none of the materials showed any antibacterial properties. None of the tested materials showed any antibacterial properties after a 30 day aging process An aging process of all tested sealant materials, for 30 days, resulted in a complete elimination of their antibacterial properties. After a daily 30 second rinse for two weeks with a 0.05% NaF solution, the antibacterial attributes of the glass-ionomer and the compomer based sealants were regained.

  4. Effectiveness of fluoride sealant in the prevention of carious lesions around orthodontic brackets: an OCT evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Melo Pithon

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective: This article aimed to evaluate in vitro the efficiency of Pro Seal fluoride sealant application in the prevention of white spot lesions around orthodontic brackets. Material and Methods: Brackets were bonded to the buccal surface of bovine incisors, and five groups were formed (n = 15 according to the exposure of teeth to oral hygiene substances and the application of enamel sealant: G1 (control, only brushing was performed with 1.450 ppm fluoride; G2 (control brushing associated with the use of mouthwash with 225 ppm fluoride; G3, only Pro Seal sealant application was performed with 1.000 ppm fluoride; G4 Pro Seal associated with brushing; G5 Pro Seal associated with brushing and mouthwash. Experimental groups alternated between pH cycling and the procedures described. All specimens were kept at a temperature of 37 °C throughout the entire experiment. Both brushing and immersion in solutions were performed within a time interval of one minute, followed by washing in deionized water three times a day for 28 days. Afterwards, an evaluation by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT of the spectral type was performed. In each group, a scanning exam of the white spot lesion area (around the sites where brackets were bonded and depth measurement of carious lesions were performed. Analysis of variance (ANOVA was applied to determine whether there were significant differences among groups. For post hoc analysis, Tukey test was used. Results: There was statistically significant difference between groups 1 and 2 (p = 0.003, 1 and 3 (p = 0.008, 1 and 4 (p = 0.000 and 1 and 5 (p = 0.000. The group in which only brushing was performed (Group 1 showed deeper enamel lesion. Conclusion: Pro Seal sealant alone or combined with brushing and/or brushing and the use of a mouthwash with fluoride was more effective in protecting enamel, in comparison to brushing alone.

  5. Quality Assessment of Information About Pit and Fissure Sealants in Persian Websites in 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firoozeh Nilchian Nilchian

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Despite the increasing use of Internet, there is no supervision over the accuracy and quality of the information provided in the web. To deal with this problem, health specialists should take part in planning, publishing and supervision of online health-related information. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of information related to pit and fissure sealants in Persian websites.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, Persian websites providing information about fissure sealants were found using Google search engine. The searched keywords according to the MeSH database were "patient education" and "fissure sealant". After applying the exclusion criteria, 37 websites out of 500 initial links remained in the study. These websites were evaluated based on a researcher-made checklist. The validity and reliability of the checklist were evaluated and confirmed. Descriptive analysis was applied to report the results of our study using SPSS version 11.5.Results: The average score for the quality of information was 22.46 out of 38. The minimum scores were 16 and 30 and belonged to Pezeshkanemrooz.com and Asa85.blogfa.com, respectively. The results showed that 62.2% of the answers were scored 2-4 and 37.8% were scored 1; therefore, the overall quality of the published content was rated to be moderate for 62.2% and low for 37.8% of the websites.Conclusions: Overall, the quality of information related to fissure sealant provided in Persian websites was good; however, the information given was mostly incomplete and could be improved. The main problems were doubtful credibility and outdated information.

  6. The interplay between tissue plasminogen activator domains and fibrin structures in the regulation of fibrinolysis: kinetic and microscopic studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thelwell, Craig; Williams, Stella C.; Silva, Marta M. C. G.; Szabó, László; Kolev, Krasimir

    2011-01-01

    Regulation of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) depends on fibrin binding and fibrin structure. tPA structure/function relationships were investigated in fibrin formed by high or low thrombin concentrations to produce a fine mesh and small pores, or thick fibers and coarse structure, respectively. Kinetics studies were performed to investigate plasminogen activation and fibrinolysis in the 2 types of fibrin, using wild-type tPA (F-G-K1-K2-P, F and K2 binding), K1K1-tPA (F-G-K1-K1-P, F binding), and delF-tPA (G-K1-K2-P, K2 binding). There was a trend of enzyme potency of tPA > K1K1-tPA > delF-tPA, highlighting the importance of the finger domain in regulating activity, but the differences were less apparent in fine fibrin. Fine fibrin was a better surface for plasminogen activation but more resistant to lysis. Scanning electron and confocal microscopy using orange fluorescent fibrin with green fluorescent protein-labeled tPA variants showed that tPA was strongly associated with agglomerates in coarse but not in fine fibrin. In later lytic stages, delF-tPA-green fluorescent protein diffused more rapidly through fibrin in contrast to full-length tPA, highlighting the importance of finger domain-agglomerate interactions. Thus, the regulation of fibrinolysis depends on the starting nature of fibrin fibers and complex dynamic interaction between tPA and fibrin structures that vary over time. PMID:20966169

  7. Prevalence of Dental Caries and Fissure Sealants in a Portuguese Sample of Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veiga, Nélio J.; Pereira, Carlos M.; Ferreira, Paula C.; Correia, Ilidio J.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of dental caries and the DMFT index, as well as the distribution pattern of pit and fissure sealants on permanent teeth in a Portuguese sample of adolescents, and to assess whether the existing usage of sealants and socio-demographic factors are correlated to caries prevalence on the examined sample. Materials and Methods A cross-sectional study was designed with a sample of 447 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years old, attending a public school in Sátão, Portugal. A self-administered questionnaire with questions about oral health behaviours and socio-economic status was answered by adolescents in the classroom. Clinical examination of oral health status and assessment of fissure sealants were accomplished by only one trained member of the research team. Results We obtained a DMFT index of 3.32 (2.92), which indicates a moderate level of prevalence of dental caries. When considering a DMFT = 0, we found significant statistical differences between the parents´ level of education (≤ 4th grade = 26.3 vs 5th–12th grade = 18.8 vs Portuguese adolescents. The establishment of a more targeted preventive program with better and more effective oral health education is essential, having into account socio-demographic aspects. PMID:25803849

  8. The effect of bonding and surface sealant application on postoperative sensitivity from posterior composites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekce, Neslihan; Demirci, Mustafa; Gokturk, Sultan Aslıhan; Tuncer, Safa; Ozel, Emre; Pala, Kansad; Baydemir, Canan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate the postoperative sensitivity of posterior Class I composite restoration at short-term, restorated with two different all-in-one self-etch adhesives with or without surface sealant application. 44 restorations were inserted in 11 patients who required Class I restorations in their molars. Each patient received 4 restorations, thus four groups were formed; (1) G-Aenial Bond (GC, Japan); (2) Clearfil S3 Bond (Kuraray, Japan); (3) G-Aenial Bond+Fortify Plus (Bisco, USA), (4) Clearfil S3 Bond+Fortify Plus. Sensitivity was evaluated at 24h, 7, 15, and 30 days using cold air, ice, and pressure stimuli using a visual analog scale. Comparisons of continuous variables between the sensitivity evaluations were performed using the Friedman's One-Way Analysis of Variance with repeated measures test (p0.05). The use of Clearfil S3 Bond resulted in almost the same level of postoperative sensitivity as did the use of G-Aenial Bond. The highest sensitivity scores were observed for the surface sealant applied teeth without any statistical significance (p>0.05). Self etch adhesives displayed postoperative sensitivity. The sensitivity scores slightly decreased at the end of 30 days (p>0.05). Surface sealant application did not result in a decrease in sensitivity scores for either dentin adhesives.

  9. THE EFFECT OF BONDING AND SURFACE SEALANT APPLICATION ON POSTOPERATIVE SENSITIVITY FROM POSTERIOR COMPOSITES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neslihan TEKÇE

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the postoperative sensitivity of posterior Class I composite restoration at short-term, restorated with two different all-in-one self-etch adhesives with or without surface sealant application. Materials and Methods: 44 restorations were inserted in 11 patients who required Class I restorations in their molars. Each patient received 4 restorations, thus four groups were formed; (1 G-Aenial Bond (GC, Japan; (2 Clearfil S3 Bond (Kuraray, Japan; (3 G-Aenial Bond+Fortify Plus (Bisco, USA, (4 Clearfil S3 Bond+Fortify Plus. Sensitivity was evaluated at 24h, 7, 15, and 30 days using cold air, ice, and pressure stimuli using a visual analog scale. Comparisons of continuous variables between the sensitivity evaluations were performed using the Friedman’s One-Way Analysis of Variance with repeated measures test (p0.05. The use of Clearfil S3 Bond resulted in almost the same level of postoperative sensitivity as did the use of G-Aenial Bond. The highest sensitivity scores were observed for the surface sealant applied teeth without any statistical significance (p>0.05. Conclusions: Self etch adhesives displayed postoperative sensitivity. The sensitivity scores slightly decreased at the end of 30 days (p>0.05. Surface sealant application did not result in a decrease in sensitivity scores for either dentin adhesives.

  10. Color and opacity of composites protected with surface sealants and submitted to artificial accelerated aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar, Fabiano Gamero; Roberti Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca; Cruvinel, Diogo Rodrigues; Sousa, Ana Beatriz Silva; de Carvalho Panzeri Pires-de-Souza, Fernanda

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the color similarity, stability and opacity of composites (TPH, Charisma, and Concept, shade A2) protected with surface sealants (Fortify Plus and Biscover) and cyanoacrylate (Super Bonder). Methods: Forty specimens of each composite were made and separated into 4 groups (n=10) according to the surface protection: GI - without sealant; GII - cyanoacrylate; GIII - Fortify Plus; GIV - Biscover. Color and opacity readings were taken before and after Artificial Acelerated Aging (AAA) and the values obtained for color stability were submitted to statistical analysis by 2-way ANOVA and Bonferroni’s test (P<.05). The values acquired for color similarity were submitted to 1-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (P<.05). The specimen sufaces were compared before and after AAA using Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM). Results: Studied composites did not present the same values for the coordinates L*, a* and b * before AAA, indicating that there was no color similarity among them. All composites presented color alteration after AAA with clinically unacceptable values. Protected groups presented lower opacity variation after AAA, in comparison with the control goup. SEM evaluation demonstrated that AAA increased the surface irregularities in all of the studied groups. Conclusion: Surface sealants were not effective in maintaining composite color, but were able to maintain opacity. PMID:22229004

  11. In vitro comparison of three materials as apical sealants of equine premolar and molar teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steenkamp, G; Olivier-Carstens, A; van Heerden, W F P; Crossley, D A; Boy, S C

    2005-03-01

    Surgical endodontic therapy is a conservative dental technique used in horses with some degree of clinical success. Failure of this procedure can partially be explained by inadequate sealing of the root apices with resultant microleakage in the periapical area. To assess and compare in vitro sealing ability of 3 different dental restorative materials used as apical sealants during equine surgical endodontics. Thirty extracted equine cheek teeth were divided randomly into 3 groups and subjected to apicoectomy and apical sealing using 3 materials: reinforced zinc oxide-eugenol cement; intermediate restorative material (IRM); a resin-modified glass ionomer; and amalgam. After apical sealing, the teeth were submerged in a solution of Procion Brilliant Cresyl Blue stain for a period of 7 days. The teeth were then washed, embedded in resin, sectioned and assessed microscopically for dye leakage around the apical restorations. Although the materials proved effective as apical sealants, some dye leakage was encountered in all 3 groups with no statistical difference (P = 0.114). IRM, a resin-modified glass ionomer and amalgam all showed comparative features as apical sealants when used in vitro in equine teeth. IRM is currently regarded as the superior material in clinical situations due to its ease of handling and lesser sensitivity to environmental moisture during placement compared to the other 2 materials.

  12. Compressive strength, surface roughness, fluoride release and recharge of four new fluoride-releasing fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavaloglu Cildir, Sule; Sandalli, Nuket

    2007-05-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the compressive strength and surface roughness of two glass ionomer cements and two resin-based fissure sealants before and after fluoride release and recharge. Twenty-one specimens were prepared and divided into three groups for each material. First group was loaded in compression until failure. Fluoride released was measured from the remaining specimens, and then the second group of seven specimens was loaded at 28th day. The remaining seven specimens were exposed to 0.05% NaF solution and 1.23% APF gel. Fluoride amount was measured, and the last group was loaded at 70th day. Surface roughness measurement of five more disk-shaped specimens from each material was also carried out. After exposure to APF gel, all materials were recharged. At the end of experimental period, it was found that surface roughness increased, whereas compressive strength decreased, over time. In conclusion, fluoride-releasing fissure sealants could act as show, rechargeable fluoride release systems. However, if a fissure sealant exhibited high fluoride release, it had inferior mechanical properties.

  13. A comparative study of fissure sealants Helioseal Clear Chroma and Delton FS(+): 3 year results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kargul, B; Tanboga, I; Gulman, N

    2009-12-01

    To evaluate the retention rates of a resin based colour changing fissure sealant (Helioseal Clear Chroma; Ivoclar Vivadent AG Schaan, Liechtenstein) compared with a coloured resin based fluoride fissure sealant (Delton FS(+); Dentsply De Trey GmbH,Konstanz,Germany). The fissure sealants (FS) were placed on all 4 caries-free first permanent molars of 31 children aged 6-9 years, using a half mouth experimental design by a paediatric dentist according to the manufacturers' instructions. A total of 121 FS were placed at baseline. Teeth were evaluated at 3 month intervals for 36 months where a preventive program including topical fluoride application was applied. Retention rates for 36 months showed a differences between Delton FS(+) and Helioseal Clear Chroma that were statistically significant (pretention rate of 30.4% for 36 months compared with Helioseal Clear Chroma at 10.8% for the same evaluation period. Although Delton FS(+) showed significantly better results than Helioseal Clear Chroma for the evaluation periods, there were no statistically significant differences between Delton FS(+) (90.7%) and Helioseal Clear Chroma (80.4%) with respect to caries incidence at 36 months(p>0.05). Delton FS(+) showed a better complete retention rate for occlusal FS at one year. Both FS were aesthetically acceptable and easy to see during application and follow-up periods and gave significant protection from occlusal decay.

  14. Soluble fibrin causes an acquired platelet glycoprotein VI signaling defect: implications for coagulopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, M Y; Verni, C C; Herbig, B A; Diamond, S L

    2017-12-01

    Essentials Collagen and thrombin when used simultaneously generate highly activated platelets. The effect of thrombin stimulation on subsequent glycoprotein VI (GPVI) function was observed. Soluble fibrin, but not protease activated receptor (PAR) activation, prevented GPVI activation. Circulating soluble fibrin in coagulopathic blood may cause an acquired GPVI signaling defect. Background In coagulopathic blood, circulating thrombin may drive platelet dysfunction. Methods/Results Using calcium dye-loaded platelets, the effect of thrombin exposure and soluble fibrin generation on subsequent platelet GPVI function was investigated. Exposure of apixaban-treated platelet-rich plasma (12% PRP) to thrombin (1-10 nm), but not ADP or thromboxane mimetic U46619 exposure, dramatically blocked subsequent GPVI activation by convulxin, collagen-related peptide or fibrillar collagen. Consistent with soluble fibrin multimerizing and binding GPVI, the onset of convulxin insensitivity required 200-500 s of thrombin exposure, was not mimicked by exposure to PAR-1/4 activating peptides, was not observed with washed platelets, and was blocked by fibrin polymerization inhibitor (GPRP) or factor XIIIa inhibitor (T101). PAR-1 signaling through Gαq was not required because vorapaxar blocked thrombin-induced calcium mobilization but had no effect on the ability of thrombin to impair GPVI-signaling. Convulxin insensitivity was unaffected by the metalloprotease inhibitor GM6001 or the αIIb β3 antagonist GR144053, indicating negligible roles for GPVI shedding or αIIb β3 binding of fibrin. Thrombin treatment of washed platelets resuspended in purified fibrinogen also produced convulxin insensitivity that was prevented by GPRP. Exposure of apixaban/PPACK-treated whole blood to thrombin-treated fibrinogen resulted in > 50% decrease in platelet deposition in a collagen microfluidic assay that required soluble fibrin assembly. Conclusions Conversion of only 1% plasma fibrinogen in

  15. Differences in the number of bacteria colony in saliva before and after pit and fissure sealant application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Punggawa Gauk Karim

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The level of oral health is strongly influenced by the level of bacterial colonies in saliva. One of the diseases in the oral cavity that can occur as a result of bacterial growth is dental caries. One of the precautions to prevent caries is by using the application of pit and fissure sealant. The effective material as a pit and fissure sealant is Bis-GMA. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in the number of salivary bacterial colonies before and after application of pit and fissure sealant. The research was a quasi experimental study. The study design used is pre and post test with control group design using the research subject pediatric patients age 6-12 years old in one of the dental clinic in Makassar and the subject meet the criteria. The process of saliva gathering is done before and after the application of pit and fissure sealant from 15 pediatric patients which was bred to 30 salivary bacterial colonies in the laboratory of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University. Salivary bacterial colonies that have been bred consisted of 15 salivary bacterial colonies before treatment and 15 salivary bacterial colonies after treatment. Calculation of the number of salivary bacterial colonies is done by using the CFU / ml counting method. Statistical analysis was performed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test in SPSS. The results of Wilcoxon signed-rank test to see the difference in the number of salivary bacterial colonies before and after application of pit and fissure sealant obtained a significant result (p<0.05. There is a significant difference in the number of bacterial colonies in saliva before and after application of pit and fissure sealant that is visible from the decrease in the number of bacterial colonies in saliva after the application of pit and fissure sealant

  16. In vitro immunological and biological evaluations of the angiogenic potential of platelet-rich fibrin preparations: a standardized comparison with PRP preparations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kobayashi, Mito; Kawase, Tomoyuki; Okuda, Kazuhiro; Wolff, Larry F; Yoshie, Hiromasa

    2015-01-01

    Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), a platelet-rich plasma (PRP) derivative mainly composed of fibrin networks, has been increasingly demonstrated to be effective in wound healing in clinical and pre-clinical animal studies...

  17. Pancreatic fistula after laparoscopic splenectomy in patients with hypersplenism due to liver cirrhosis: effect of fibrin glue and polyglycolic acid felt on prophylaxis of postoperative complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsutsumi, Norifumi; Tomikawa, Morimasa; Akahoshi, Tomohiko; Kawanaka, Hirofumi; Ota, Mitsuhiko; Sakaguchi, Yoshihisa; Kusumoto, Tetsuya; Ikejiri, Koji; Hashizume, Makoto; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2016-11-01

    This study aimed to determine the effect of fibrin glue and polyglycolic acid (PGA) felt on prevention of pancreatic fistula (PF) after laparoscopic splenectomy in patients with hypersplenism due to liver cirrhosis. Fifty consecutive patients were enrolled in this prospective study. Twenty-three patients underwent laparoscopic splenectomy with a fibrin sheet (fibrin sheet group). The sealing ability of each treatment was evaluated by an ex vivo pressure test model. Based on the results from ex vivo experiments, 27 patients received prophylaxis using fibrin glue and PGA felt (PGA with fibrin group). The primary endpoint was the incidence of PF. Significantly more (5, 22%) patients developed PF in the fibrin sheet group than in the PGA with fibrin group (0%, P = .037). Our new application of fibrin glue and PGA felt is an effective prophylactic procedure for preventing development of PF after laparoscopic splenectomy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Self-assembly of soluble unlinked and cross-linked fibrin oligomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, M A; Leonova, V B; Biryukova, M I; Vasileva, M V

    2011-10-01

    Self-assembly of soluble unlinked and cross-linked fibrin oligomers formed from desA-fibrin monomer under the influence of factor XIIIa was studied in the presence of non-denaturing urea concentrations. By methods of elastic and dynamic light scattering combined with analytical ultracentrifugation, desA-fibrin oligomers formed in both the presence and absence of the factor XIIIa were shown to be ensembles consisting of soluble rod-like double-stranded protofibrils with diverse weight and size. Unlinked and cross-linked soluble double-stranded protofibrils can reach the length of 350-450 nm. The structure of soluble covalently-linked protofibrils is stabilized by isopeptide γ-dimers. Electrophoretic data indicate a complete absence of isopeptide bonds between α-chains of desA-fibrin molecules. The molecular mechanism of formation of soluble rod-like fibrin structures and specific features of its covalent stabilization under the influence of factor XIIIa are discussed.

  19. Novel implantable composite biomaterial by fibrin glue and amniotic membrane for ocular surface reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Mingming; Zhang, Jie; Guan, Lili; Zhao, Min

    2015-03-01

    Amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) is considered a substantial treatment option in the management of ocular surface disorders. However, several inherent drawbacks still remain. The present study devised a novel implantable composite biomaterial of fibrin glue-double layer Amniotic membrane (AM) and evaluated the biomechanical properties and effects on corneal surface reconstruction in alkali-burned rabbit model. Biomechanic parameters were calculated by an electronic universal testing machine. Corneal alkali burning was done in the right eyes of thirty rabbits, which were randomized into three groups of ten animals each. The eyes in group 1 underwent fibrin glue-double layer AMT, the eyes in group 2 underwent ordinary single layer AMT, and the eyes in group 3 (control group) did not undergo any surgical procedure. Healing of corneal epithelial defect, extent of corneal vascularization and corneal clarity were assessed and compared at two time points. One month after surgery, animals were killed and the eyes were processed for histopathology. The fibrin glue-double layer AM composites had more ideal biomechanical properties. In fibrin glue-double layer AM group, the rate of epithelial healing, vascularization inhibition and corneal clarity was significantly better than the other two groups. Novel fibrin glue-double layer AMT with corneal alkali burns is more effective and useful for ocular surface reconstruction and has great potential applications.

  20. The application of large amplitude oscillatory stress in a study of fully formed fibrin clots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamer, T. F.; Thomas, B. R.; Curtis, D. J.; Badiei, N.; Williams, P. R.; Hawkins, K.

    2017-12-01

    The suitability of controlled stress large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOStress) for the characterisation of the nonlinear viscoelastic properties of fully formed fibrin clots is investigated. Capturing the rich nonlinear viscoelastic behaviour of the fibrin network is important for understanding the structural behaviour of clots formed in blood vessels which are exposed to a wide range of shear stresses. We report, for the first time, that artefacts due to ringing exist in both the sample stress and strain waveforms of a LAOStress measurement which will lead to errors in the calculation of nonlinear viscoelastic properties. The process of smoothing the waveforms eliminates these artefacts whilst retaining essential rheological information. Furthermore, we demonstrate the potential of LAOStress for characterising the nonlinear viscoelastic properties of fibrin clots in response to incremental increases of applied stress up to the point of fracture. Alternating LAOStress and small amplitude oscillatory shear measurements provide detailed information of reversible and irreversible structural changes of the fibrin clot as a consequence of elevated levels of stress. We relate these findings to previous studies involving large scale deformations of fibrin clots. The LAOStress technique may provide useful information to help understand why some blood clots formed in vessels are stable (such as in deep vein thrombosis) and others break off (leading to a life threatening pulmonary embolism).

  1. Topical tissue plasminogen activator appears ineffective for the clearance of intraocular fibrin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwaan, J; Latimer, W B

    1998-06-01

    To determine the efficacy of topical tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) for the resolution of postoperative or inflammatory intraocular fibrinous exudates. Each treatment consisted of drops of 1 mg/ml tPA given 9 times 5 minutes apart. Records were reviewed and the results at 24 and 48 hours were recorded. Sixty-two patients had a total of 94 treatments. Fibrin exudates following intraocular surgery in 34 patients were treated 44 times. In 6 patients there was a positive result. Fibrin associated with intraocular infection was treated in 9 patients. None showed clear improvement. Nineteen patients had a total of 34 treatments for poorly controlled intraocular pressure (IOP) after glaucoma surgery. Five patients showed adequate control of the IOP, 12 did not change, and 2 had a questionable improvement. Eleven patients had adequate IOP control after additional treatment. Seven required suture lysis, 2 ab interno bleb revision, and 2 YAG capsulotomy or iridotomy to reduce the IOP to an acceptable level. Within the limits of this retrospective study and taking into account that fibrin may resolve spontaneously, it appears that topical tPA drops are not effective for the liquefaction of intraocular fibrin after surgery or in association with intraocular inflammation. They did not improve IOP control after glaucoma surgery.

  2. Excess Fibrin Deposits Decrease Fetal Weight of Pregnant Mice Infected by Plasmodium berghei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desy Andari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Low birth weight is commonly attributed to malaria in pregnancy, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie this poor birth outcome are incompletely understood. A universally described histopathological feature of placental malaria is excessive deposition of fibrin, the end-product of the coagulation cascade. This study was conducted to compare fibrin deposit in pregnant mice that infected by Plasmodium berghei (treatment group to the normal pregnant mice (control group and its association with fetal weight. This research is in vivo experimental laboratory study that used 18 pregnant Balb/c mice which divided to the control the group (8 mice and treatment group (9 mice infected by P.berghei. Placentas were staining with Haematoxylin-Eosin (HE for fibrin deposits examination whereas fetal weight was performed with Mettler analytical balance AE 50. Fetal weight of the treatment group was lower than those of the control group (t test, p=0,002. Fibrin deposits were increased in the treatment group (t test, p=0,005 and influenced weight of fetuses (Spearman r= -0,586, p= 0,014. Weights of fetuses are interfered by fibrin deposits during malaria infection.

  3. Fibrin Association at Hybrid Biointerfaces Made of Clot-Binding Peptides and Polythiophene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puiggalí-Jou, A; Del Valle, Luis J; Armelin, Elaine; Alemán, Carlos

    2016-10-01

    The properties as biointerfaces of electroactive conducting polymer-peptide biocomposites formed by poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) and CREKA or CR(NMe)EKA peptide sequences (where Glu has been replaced by N-methyl-Glu in the latter) have been compared. CREKA is a linear pentapeptide that recognizes clotted plasma proteins and selectively homes to tumors, while CR(NMe)EKA is an engineer to improve such properties by altering peptide-fibrin interactions. Differences between PEDOT-CREKA and PEDOT-CR(NMe)EKA reflect dissemblance in the organization of the peptides into the polymeric matrix. Both peptides affect fibrinogen thrombin-catalyzed polymerization causing the immediate formation of fibrin, whereas in the absence of thrombin this phenomenon is only observed for CR(NMe)EKA. Consistently, the fibrin-adsorption capacity is higher for PEDOT-CR(NMe)EKA than for PEDOT-CREKA, even though in both cases adsorbed fibrin exhibits round-like morphologies rather than the characteristic fibrous structure. PEDOT-peptide films coated with fibrin are selective in terms of cell adhesion, promoting the attachment of metastatic cells with respect to normal cells. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  4. The effect of platelet-rich fibrin on implant stability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öncü, Elif; Alaaddinoğlu, E Emine

    2015-01-01

    Achieving accelerated implant osseointegration could make immediate or early loading of implants more predictable. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is frequently used to accelerate soft and hard tissue healing. The activated platelets in PRF release growth factors, resulting in cellular proliferation, collagen synthesis, and osteoid production. The aim of this study was to compare the stability of dental implants inserted in a one-stage surgical protocol with or without PRF application. Twenty healthy patients with adequate alveolar bone and two or more adjacent missing teeth extracted at least 6 months previously were included in this study. A minimum of two tapered implants (Ankylos, Dentsply/Friadent) were placed in each patient. After surgical preparation of the implant sockets, PRF that had been prepared preoperatively was placed randomly into one of the sockets (PRF+). The acellular plasma portion of PRF was used to wet the implant placed into the PRF-coated socket. Resonance frequency measurements were made after implant placement and at 1 week and 1 month postoperatively. Mean implant stability quotients (ISQs) of the PRF+ implants was 69.3 ± 10.5, and mean ISQs for the PRF- implants was 64.5 ± 12.2 at the end of the first week. The mean ISQs at 4 weeks postoperatively were 77.1 ± 7.1 for the PRF+ group and 70.5 ± 7.7 for the PRF- group. In this study, PRF application increased implant stability during the early healing period, as evidenced by higher ISQ values. Simple application of this material seems to provide faster osseointegration.

  5. Fibrin nanoparticles as Possible vehicles for drug delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vedakumari, Weslen S; Prabu, Periyathambi; Babu, Saravana C; Sastry, Thotapalli P

    2013-08-01

    Several issues have been raised emphasizing the harmful toxic effects of metal nanoparticles towards biological systems. Search of biological nanoparticles with excellent biocompatibility and bioavailability could address this problem. Fibrin nanoparticles (FNP) were prepared using a novel technique and characterized for their physico-chemical properties. In vitro studies were performed to examine cytotoxicity and cellular uptake of FNP. Innate immune response to FNP was studied by (i) estimating in vitro generation of complement split products, C3a and C4d and (ii) in vivo expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α, IL-1 and IL-6. In vivo biodistribution study was carried out by intravenous administration of FITC-labelled FNP in mice. FNP were spherical with size ranging from 25 to 28nm. In vitro studies proved the biocompatibility of the nanoparticles, with their distribution across the cytoplasm and nucleus of treated cells. Complement activation studies showed insignificant increase in the level of C3a when compared with positive control. RT-PCR results revealed significant upregulation of TNF-α and downregulation of IL-6 cytokines after 6h of FNP administration. In vivo biodistribution studies showed moderate blood circulation time, with predominant distribution of nanoparticles in the liver followed by the lungs, kidney and spleen. Haematology, serum biochemistry, and histopathology analyses demonstrated that FNP were non-toxic. Owing to their small size, low cost, ease of preparation and excellent biocompatibility, FNP might be a promising novel material for drug delivery applications. Our results demonstrate the safe and promising use of FNP for biomedical applications. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Methods and preliminary findings of a cost-effectiveness study of glass-ionomer-based and composite resin sealant materials after 2 yr

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goldman, A.S.; Chen, X.; Fan, M.; Frencken, J.E.F.M.

    2014-01-01

    The cost-effectiveness of glass-carbomer, conventional high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement (HVGIC) [without or with heat (light-emitting diode (LED) thermocuring) application], and composite resin sealants were compared after 2 yr in function. Estimated net costs per sealant were obtained from data

  7. Developing Mesoscale Model of Fibrin-Platelet Network Representing Blood Clotting =

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yueyi; Nikolov, Svetoslav; Bowie, Sam; Alexeev, Alexander; Lam, Wilbur; Myers, David

    Blood clotting disorders which prevent the body's natural ability to achieve hemostasis can lead to a variety of life threatening conditions such as, excessive bleeding, stroke, or heart attack. Treatment of these disorders is highly dependent on understanding the underlying physics behind the clotting process. Since clotting is a highly complex multi scale mechanism developing a fully atomistic model is currently not possible. We develop a mesoscale model based on dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) to gain fundamental understanding of the underlying principles controlling the clotting process. In our study, we examine experimental data on clot contraction using stacks of confocal microscopy images to estimate the crosslink density in the fibrin networks and platelet location. Using this data we reconstruct the platelet rich fibrin network and study how platelet-fibrin interactions affect clotting. Furthermore, we probe how different system parameters affect clot contraction. ANSF CAREER Award DMR-1255288.

  8. A NEW TECHNIQUE WITH AUTOLOGOUS FIBRIN FOR THE TREATMENT OF PERSISTENT OPTIC PIT MACULOPATHY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdek, Sengul; Ozdemir, Huseyin Baran

    2017-01-01

    To report the use of autologous fibrin for the treatment of persistent optic pit maculopathy. The authors report two patients with an optic pit-related serous macular detachment, which persisted after vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling. Autologous fibrin was prepared from the patients' whole blood and injected over the optic disk pit area to seal the pit/coloboma area followed by fluid-air-gas exchange. Retina stayed attached starting from the first postoperative visit till the last visit at 27 (Case 1) and 14 (Case 2) months after surgery. The use of autologous fibrin for the treatment of optic disk pit-related serous macular detachment seems a worthy contribution to the treatment of persistent cases.

  9. Role of platelet-rich-fibrin in enhancing palatal wound healing after free graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinita Jain

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Platelet-rich fibrin has long been used as a wound healing therapy in skin wounds and recently evidence has suggested its usage in oral cavity for different treatment procedures. This article proposes an overview of use of platelet-rich fibrin in management of complicated oral wounds. Excessive hemorrhage of the donor area, necrosis of epithelium, and morbidity associated with donor site have been described as the possible complications after harvesting subepithelial connective tissue graft, but little has been mentioned about their management. The article includes a case report of a 45-year-old male patient who showed a delayed wound healing after subepithelial connective tissue graft harvestation, which was treated with platelet-rich fibrin.

  10. Micro-leakage of a Fissure Sealant Cured Using Quartz-tungsten-halogen and Plasma Arc Light Curing Units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahrololoomi, Zahra; Soleimani, Ali Asghar; Jafari, Najmeh; Varkesh, Bentolhoda

    2014-01-01

    Background and aims. Newer curing units such as plasma arc can polymerize the sealants in much shorter curing times. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two different curing units on the micro-leakage of a fissure sealant material. Materials and methods. Sixty two extracted premolars without caries were randomly divided into two groups of 31 samples. Occlusal surfaces of all teeth were cleansed. Then, teeth surfaces were etched by 37% phosphoric acid. After rinsing and drying, occlusal surfaces of teeth were sealed by a fissure sealant. The sealant was then cured using either a halogen light curing unit or a plasma arc curing light. After sealing, the teeth were thermocycled for 500 cycles. The teeth were then sectioned and examined for micro-leakage. Statistical analyses were performed with Mann-Whitney test. Results. There was no significant difference between two groups regarding micro-leakage (P = 0.42). Conclusion. Results showed that there was no significant difference between two different curing units. Therefore, plasma arc unit might be a useful alternative for sealant polymerization.

  11. The effect of fissure morphology and eruption time on penetration and adaptation of pit and fissure sealants: An SEM study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grewal N

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to examine the effect of fissure morphology on penetration and adaptation of fissure sealants and their relationship with the eruption time of tooth. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty extracted molars and premolars were divided into two groups on the basis of their eruption time. The two groups were further divided into five subgroups on the basis of fissure morphology. An scanning electron microscopic analysis of penetration and adaptation of sealant was done. Observations and Results: V- and U-shaped fissures were found to have the maximum penetration. Penetration was very poor for I- and IK-types of fissures. No significant difference in penetration was found in relation to eruption time. Adaptation of sealant was not affected by any of the factors. Conclusion: Even the well-applied sealant does not necessarily provide complete obturation of pits and fissures, thus necessitating periodical clinical observation to determine the success or potential failure of the sealant treatment.

  12. Fibrin glue for intraperitoneal laparoscopic mesh fixation: a comparative study in a swine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Tatyan; Katkhouda, Namir; Mason, Rodney J; Cheng, Bon C; Algra, Jeffrey; Olasky, Jaisa; Sohn, Helen J; Moazzez, Ashkan; Balouch, Maryam

    2011-03-01

    The classic method of mesh fixation in laparoscopic ventral hernia repair is transfascial sutures with tacks. This method has been associated with low recurrence rates, but yields significant morbidity from pain and bleeding. Fibrin glue has been used successfully in inguinal hernia repair with decreased incidence of chronic pain without an increase in recurrence rates, but its utility for laparoscopic ventral hernia repair is unknown. Our aim is to evaluate the efficacy of fibrin glue for laparoscopic mesh fixation to the anterior abdominal wall compared with other fixation methods. Four different laparoscopic mesh fixation methods were randomly assigned to midline positions along the abdominal wall of 12 female pigs and compared: (1) fibrin glue only (GO), (2) transfascial sutures with tacks (ST), (3) fibrin glue with tacks (GT), and (4) tacks only (TO). At 4 weeks post implantation, tensile strength, adhesions, migration, contraction, and buckling/folding were assessed using Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis by ranks test. There were no significant differences in tensile strength, adhesions or buckling/folding among the four fixation methods. A significant increase in mean migration (3.3 vs. 0.0 mm, p = 0.03) and percentage contraction (28% vs. 14%, p = 0.02) were identified in the GO group when compared with ST (see Table 3). Mesh fixation using fibrin glue has comparable tensile strength and adhesion rate to sutures with tacks in the swine model. Increased contraction and migration rates associated with fibrin glue alone may be an issue and warrants further study. On the other hand, the GT group showed similar biomechanical characteristics to the other groups and may represent a reasonable alternative to the use of transfascial sutures.

  13. Adhesive arachnoiditis after percutaneous fibrin glue treatment of a sacral meningeal cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Kazunori; Nagano, Junji; Hattori, Satoshi

    2014-06-01

    The authors present the case of a 64-year-old woman who was referred for severe sacral pain. She reported that her pain had been longstanding, and had greatly increased after percutaneous fibrin glue placement therapy for a sacral meningeal cyst 2 months earlier at a different hospital. An MRI scan obtained immediately after fibrin glue placement at that hospital suggested that fibrin glue had migrated superiorly into the subarachnoid space from the sacral cyst to the level of L-4. On admission to the authors' institution, physical examination demonstrated no abnormal findings except for perianal hypesthesia. An MRI study obtained at admission demonstrated a cystic lesion in the peridural space from the level of S-2 to S-4. Inhomogeneous intensity was identified in this region on T2-weighted images. Because the cauda equina and nerve roots appeared to be compressed by the lesion, total cyst excision was performed. The cyst cavity was filled with fluid that resembled CSF, plus gelatinous material. Histopathological examination revealed that the cyst wall was composed of hyaline connective tissue with some calcification. No nervous tissue or ganglion cells were found in the tissue. The gelatinous material was acellular, and appeared to be degenerated fibrin glue. Sacral pain persisted to some extent after surgery. The authors presumed that migrated fibrin glue caused the development of adhesive arachnoiditis. The risk of adhesive arachnoiditis should be considered when this therapy is planned. Communication between a cyst and the subarachnoid space should be confirmed to be sufficiently narrow to prevent the migration of injected fibrin glue.

  14. Local and systemic effects of fibrin and cyanoacrylate adhesives on lung lesions in rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus V.H. Carvalho

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Tissue adhesives can be used to prevent pulmonary air leaks, which frequently occur after lung interventions. The objective of this study is to evaluate local and systemic effects of fibrin and cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives on lung lesions in rabbits. METHODS: Eighteen rabbits were submitted to videothoracoscopy + lung incision alone (control or videothoracoscopy + lung incision + local application of fibrin or cyanoacrylate adhesive. Blood samples were collected and assessed for leukocyte, neutrophil and lymphocyte counts and interleukin-8 levels preoperatively and at 48 hours and 28 days post-operatively. After 28 days, the animals were euthanized for gross examination of the lung surface, and lung fragments were excised for histopathological analysis. RESULTS: Fibrin and cyanoacrylate produced similar adhesion scores of the lung to the parietal pleura. Microscopic analysis revealed uniform low-cellular tissue infiltration in the fibrin group and an intense tissue reaction characterized by dense inflammatory infiltration of granulocytes, giant cells and necrosis in the cyanoacrylate group. No changes were detected in the leukocyte, neutrophil or lymphocyte count at any time-point, while the interleukin-8 levels were increased in the fibrin and cyanoacrylate groups after 48 hours compared with the pre-operative control levels (p<0.01. CONCLUSION: Both adhesive agents promoted normal tissue healing, with a more pronounced local inflammatory reaction observed for cyanoacrylate. Among the serum markers of inflammation, only the interleukin-8 levels changed post-operatively, increasing after 48 hours and decreasing after 28 days to levels similar to those of the control group in both the fibrin and cyanoacrylate groups.

  15. Fibrin Sheath Angioplasty: A Technique to Prevent Superior Vena Cava Stenosis Secondary to Dialysis Catheters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacker, Robert I.; Garcia, Lorena De Marco; Chawla, Ankur; Panetta, Thomas F.

    2012-01-01

    Fibrin sheaths are a heterogeneous matrix of cells and debris that form around catheters and are a known cause of central venous stenosis and catheter failure. A total of 50 cases of central venous catheter fibrin sheath angioplasty (FSA) after catheter removal or exchange are presented. A retrospective review of an outpatient office database identified 70 eligible patients over a 19-month period. After informed consent was obtained, the dialysis catheter exiting the skin was clamped, amputated, and a wire was inserted. The catheter was then removed and a 9-French sheath was inserted into the superior vena cava, a venogram was performed. If a fibrin sheath was present, angioplasty was performed using an 8 × 4 or 10 × 4 balloon along the entire length of the fibrin sheath. A completion venogram was performed to document obliteration of the sheath. During the study, 50 patients were diagnosed with a fibrin sheath, and 43 had no pre-existing central venous stenosis. After FSA, 39 of the 43 patient's (91%) central systems remained patent without the need for subsequent interventions; 3 patients (7%) developed subclavian stenoses requiring repeat angioplasty and stenting; 1 patent (2.3%) developed an occlusion requiring a reintervention. Seven patients with prior central stenosis required multiple angioplasties; five required stenting of their central lesions. Every patient had follow-up fistulograms to document long-term patency. We propose that FSA is a prudent and safe procedure that may help reduce the risk of central venous stenosis from fibrin sheaths due to central venous catheters. PMID:23997555

  16. Fibrin nanoconstructs: a novel processing method and their use as controlled delivery agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Praveen, G.; Sreerekha, P. R.; Menon, Deepthy; Nair, Shantikumar V.; Prasad Chennazhi, Krishna

    2012-03-01

    Fibrin nanoconstructs (FNCs) were prepared through a modified water-in-oil emulsification-diffusion route without the use of any surfactants, resulting in a high yield synthesis of fibrin nanotubes (FNTs) and fibrin nanoparticles (FNPs). The fibrin nanoconstructs formed an aligned structure with self-assembled nanotubes with closed heads that eventually formed spherical nanoparticles of size ˜250 nm. The nanotubes were typically ˜700 nm long and 150-300 nm in diameter, with a wall thickness of ˜50 nm and pore diameter of about 150-250 nm. These constructs showed high stability against aggregation indicated by a zeta potential of -44 mV and an excellent temperature stability upto 200 °C. Furthermore, they were found to be enzymatically degradable, thereby precluding any long term toxicity effects. These unique fibrin nanostructures were analyzed for their ability to deliver tacrolimus, an immunosuppressive drug that is used widely to prevent the initial phase of tissue rejection during allogenic transplantation surgeries. Upon conjugation with tacrolimus, a drug encapsulation efficiency of 66% was achieved, with the in vitro release studies in PBS depicting a sustained and complete drug release over a period of one week at the physiological pH of 7.4. At a more acidic pH, the drug release was very slow, suggesting their potential for oral-intestinal drug administration as well. The in vivo drug absorption rates analyzed in Sprague Dawley rats further confirmed the sustained release pattern of tacrolimus for both oral and parenteral delivery routes. The novel fibrin nanoconstructs developed using a green chemistry approach thus proved to be excellent biodegradable nanocarriers for oral as well as parenteral administrations, with remarkable potential also for delivering specific growth factors in tissue engineering scaffolds.

  17. Determination of fibrin glue with antibiotics on collagen production in colon anastomosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanojković Zoran

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Fibrin glue is used as a matrix for local application of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to determine whether application of fibrin glue in combination with antibiotics can strengthen collagen production, prevent dehiscence of colon anastomoses due to infection, and reduce frequency of mortality and morbidity comparing to the control group and the group with fibrin glue application. Methods. The adult male Wistar rats divided into three groups were used in the experiment. The group 1 was the control one (after partial colon resection, colonic anastomoses performed were not treated, while to the group 2 and the group 3 were applied fibrin glue and fibrin glue with antibiotics (clindamycin and ceftriaxon on the site of anastomoses, respectively. Quality of colonic anastomoses were estimated by means of determination of collagen (L-hydroxyproline amount in the collon wall with anastomoses and histological analysis of this colon segment using light and electronic microscope on the days 5, 7 and 13 postoperatively. Results. The highest morbidity rate was registered in the group 1 (30%, then in the group 2 (13.3% and the lowest one in the group 3 (3.33%; p < 0,05 vs group 1. Mortality rate was significantly higher in the group 1 than in the group 3 (20% and 0%, respectively; p < 0,05. In the postoperative course, the highest concentrations of collagen in the colon wall on the site of anastomoses, which was confirmed by both light and electronic microscopy, were found in the group 3. Conclusion. The application of fibrin glue with antibiotics on colon anastomoses reduces the number of dehiscence, provides good mechanical protection and shorten the time of anastomoses healing.

  18. Fibroblast-fibronectin patterning and network formation in 3D fibrin matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miron-Mendoza, Miguel; Graham, Eric; Manohar, Sujal; Petroll, W Matthew

    2017-06-07

    We previously reported that fibroblasts migrating within 3-D collagen matrices move independently, whereas fibroblasts within 3-D fibrin matrices form an interconnected network. Similar networks have been identified previously during in vivo corneal wound healing. In this study, we investigate the role of fibronectin in mediating this mechanism of collective cell spreading, migration and patterning. To assess cell spreading, corneal fibroblasts were plated within fibrillar collagen or fibrin matrices. To assess migration, compacted cell-populated collagen matrices were nested inside cell-free fibrin matrices. Constructs were cultured in serum-free media containing PDGF, with or without RGD peptide, anti-α5 or anti-fibronectin blocking antibodies. In some experiments, LifeAct and fluorescent fibronectin were used to allow dynamic assessment of cell-induced fibronectin reorganization. 3-D and 4-D imaging were used to assess cell mechanical behavior, connectivity, F-actin, α5 integrin and fibronectin organization. Corneal fibroblasts within 3-D fibrin matrices formed an interconnected network that was lined with cell-secreted fibronectin. Live cell imaging demonstrated that fibronectin tracks were formed at the leading edge of spreading and migrating cells. Furthermore, fibroblasts preferentially migrated through fibronectin tracks laid down by other cells. Interfering with cell-fibronectin binding with RGD, anti α5 integrin or anti fibronectin antibodies inhibited cell spreading and migration through fibrin, but did not affect cell behavior in collagen. In this study, a novel mode of cell patterning was identified in which corneal fibroblasts secrete and attach to fibronectin via α5β1 integrin to facilitate spreading and migration within 3-D fibrin matrices, resulting in the formation of localized fibronectin tracks. Other cells use these fibronectin tracks as conduits, resulting in an interconnected cell-fibronectin network. Copyright © 2017 International

  19. Plasma fibrin clot phenotype independently affects intracoronary thrombus ultrastructure in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalewski, Jaroslaw; Bogaert, Jan; Sadowski, Marcin; Woznicka, Olga; Doulaptsis, Konstantinos; Ntoumpanaki, Maria; Ząbczyk, Michal; Nessler, Jadwiga; Undas, Anetta

    2015-06-01

    Determinants of intracoronary thrombus (ICT) composition in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are largely unknown. We sought to investigate whether plasma fibrin phenotype and platelet reactivity affect ICT ultrastructure. We assessed the content of fibrin, platelets and erythrocytes including polyhedrocytes by scanning electron microscopy on the surface and inside ICT aspirated from 80 STEMI patients within 12 hours since chest pain onset. Plasma fibrin clot permeability (Ks), which indicates the average pore size, lysis time (t50 %), platelet reactivity index (PRI) and ADP-induced platelet aggregation (ADP5, 20µM) were evaluated on admission. All patients received aspirin and 45 (56.3 %) 600 mg of clopidogrel, 80 (60-120) min prior to aspiration. Higher content of fibrin (61.6 vs 34.3 %, P< 0.0001) and platelets (8.2 vs 4.8 %, P=0.018) and lower erythrocyte content (15.8 vs 42.9 %, P< 0.0001) were found on ICT surface compared with its inner part. After adjustment for fibrinogen, in both ICT parts fibrin content was correlated with Ks (r≤-0.55, P< 0.0001) and t50 % (r≥ 0.29, P≤ 0.02) but not with PRI and ADP5,20µM. Polyhedrocytes were observed in 16 (20 %) patients and their large amount expressed as ≥ 50 % fields of view covered by polyhedrocytes was associated with the lower PRI values (40 vs 69 %, P=0.015), but not Ks or t50 %. By multivariate regression, Ks (β=-0.62, P< 0.0001), clopidogrel pretreatment (β=-0.36, P< 0.001), ischemia time (β=0.19, P=0.044) and family history (β=0.18, P=0.049) independently predicted fibrin content in the whole ICT (R²=0.65, P< 0.0001). Formation of denser plasma fibrin clots is independently associated with high fibrin content within the ICT in STEMI.

  20. A Novel Platelet Concentrate: Titanium-Prepared Platelet-Rich Fibrin

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa Tunalı; Hakan Özdemir; Zafer Küçükodacı; Serhan Akman; Emre Yaprak; Hülya Toker; Erhan Fıratlı

    2014-01-01

    We developed a new product called titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin (T-PRF). The T-PRF method is based on the hypothesis that titanium may be more effective in activating platelets than the silica activators used with glass tubes in Chouckroun’s leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) method. In this study, we aimed to define the structural characteristics of T-PRF and compare it with L-PRF. Blood samples were collected from 10 healthy male volunteers. The blood samples were drawn us...

  1. Acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzouvelekis, Argyris; Koutsopoulos, Anastasios; Oikonomou, Anastasia; Froudarakis, Marios; Zarogoulidis, Pavlos; Steiropoulos, Paschalis; Mikroulis, Dimitrios; Antoniades, Antonis; Bouros, Demosthenes

    2009-10-12

    Organising pneumonia is a distinct histopathological entity characterized by intra-alveolar buds of granulation tissue, called Masson bodies, which mainly comprise of activated fibroblasts and loose connective tissue. This histopathologic pattern has been described in idiopathic cases, characterizing cryptogenic organising pneumonia as well as in the context of pulmonary infection, drug-induced pneumonitis and following lung transplantation. Although distinct as a clinical and pathological entity, community organising pneumonia may present with atypical clinical and pathological features, such as intra-alveolar fillings of fibrin balls and organising tissue that resembles acute respiratory distress syndrome or diffuse alveolar damage. The latter characteristics constitute a recently described anatomoclinical entity called acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia. Here, we describe a rare case of acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia, in an otherwise healthy 65-year-old Greek woman who complained of dry cough, fever, weight loss and progressive dyspnoea. She had never been a smoker. Her clinical symptoms showed a rapid deterioration in the two weeks before admission, despite a course of oral antibiotics. After excluding infection and malignancy with routine laboratory tests and flexible bronchoscopy, high resolution computed tomography and video assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy were performed. Diagnosis was based on radiological features typical of community organising pneumonia coupled with pathologic features characteristic of acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia. The patient was treated with corticosteroids and showed excellent clinical and radiological response three months after treatment initiation. Acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia is an extremely rare pathologic entity, often misdiagnosed as typical community organising pneumonia. To our knowledge, this is the seventh case of acute fibrinous and organising pneumonia in the literature, with no

  2. Optimization of fibrinogen isolation for manufacturing autologous fibrin glue for use as scaffold in tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froelich, K; Pueschel, R C; Birner, M; Kindermann, J; Hackenberg, S; Kleinsasser, N H; Hagen, R; Staudenmaier, R

    2010-05-01

    Numerous manufacturing techniques for autogenous fibrin glue used as scaffold material have been described. As there is no consensus regarding the influence of chemical additives on cell biology, it was the aim of this study to establish a method for manufacturing autologous fibrin glue without any additives. The serum part was separated from whole blood. After fibrinogen precipitation, centrifugation was performed to obtain the fibrinogen pellet. Various experimental series were run to examine influences of various temperatures or substituting centrifugation for sedimentation. The method as described here is effective, simple, and performed without any additives, which could potentially influence cell biology.

  3. Comparison of antibacterial properties of two fluoride-releasing and a nonfluoride-releasing pit and fissure sealants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menon Preetha V

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Occlusal pits and fissures are the most susceptible sites for the development of dental caries and prevention is difficult in the areas of occurrence. Although only 12.5% of all the tooth surfaces are occlusal, these surfaces develop more than two-thirds of total caries experienced by children. The fate of the bacteria is of significance when they are inadvertently sealed by a dental sealant. This study aimed in examining the antibacterial properties of three commercially available sealants, viz., Teethmate-F, Helioseal-F and Helioseal. Antibacterial testing was done by disc diffusion method. Selective agars were used to grow Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus, which are implicated in the pathogenesis of dental caries. Statistical analysis was carried out using student′s t test. The study proved that Helioseal-F and Helioseal did not possess antibacterial properties and Teethmate-F was the only sealant that showed antibacterial properties.

  4. Comparison of antibacterial properties of two fluoride-releasing and a nonfluoride-releasing pit and fissure sealants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menon Preetha, V; Shashikiran, N D; Reddy, V V S

    2007-01-01

    Occlusal pits and fissures are the most susceptible sites for the development of dental caries and prevention is difficult in the areas of occurrence. Although only 12.5% of all the tooth surfaces are occlusal, these surfaces develop more than two-thirds of total caries experienced by children. The fate of the bacteria is of significance when they are inadvertently sealed by a dental sealant. This study aimed in examining the antibacterial properties of three commercially available sealants, viz., Teethmate-F, Helioseal-F and Helioseal. Antibacterial testing was done by disc diffusion method. Selective agars were used to grow Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus, which are implicated in the pathogenesis of dental caries. Statistical analysis was carried out using student's t test. The study proved that Helioseal-F and Helioseal did not possess antibacterial properties and Teethmate-F was the only sealant that showed antibacterial properties.

  5. Effects of methyl prednisolone acetate, fibrin glue and combination of methyl prednisolone acetate and fibrin glue in prevention of epidural fibrosis in a rat model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cekinmez, Melih; Sen, Orhan; Atalay, Basar; Erdogan, Bulent; Bavbek, Murad; Caner, Hakan; Ozen, Ozlem; Altinors, Nur

    2010-09-01

    Epidural fibrosis, which develops during the post-operative period in 6-20% of the patients who undergo lumbar spinal surgery, can cause persistent low-back pain and signs of root compression. Conservative treatment protocols or repeat operations performed for the symptoms of epidural fibrosis are long-term and costly treatments and impairs the patient's quality of life. In this experimental study, we applied methyl prednisolone acetate mixed with fibrin glue to the surgical field and examined the effects on epidural fibrosis in the surgical field by delaying the absorption of methyl prednisolone acetate. One hundred Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups, and animals underwent total laminectomy of L4 and L5. We applied 0.05 ml/kg fibrin glue, 0.05 ml/kg methyl prednisolone acetate, 0.05 ml/kg fibrin glue + methyl prednisolone acetate and 0.10 ml/kg fibrin glue + methyl prednisolone acetate topically to the operative sites. Normal saline was applied in the control group. Following the surgery, animals were killed at weeks 1, 2, 4 and 6, and laminectomy sites were examined histopathologically for fibrosis, acute inflammation, necrosis and abscess formation. None of the options had a statistically significant transcendence over others in terms of preventing epidural fibrosis. Many biological and non-biological materials have been tried in a quest to prevent epidural fibrosis. However, inducing least amount of injury to the anatomy of the tissues and a very good hemostasis seem to be the most effective methods in the prevention of epidural fibrosis.

  6. Effects of the incorporation of ε-aminocaproic acid/chitosan particles to fibrin on cementoblast differentiation and cementum regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Chan Ho; Oh, Joung-Hwan; Jung, Hong-Moon; Choi, Yoonnyoung; Rahman, Saeed Ur; Kim, Sungtae; Kim, Tae-Il; Shin, Hong-In; Lee, Yun-Sil; Yu, Frank H; Baek, Jeong-Hwa; Ryoo, Hyun-Mo; Woo, Kyung Mi

    2017-10-01

    Cementum formation on the exposed tooth-root surface is a critical process in periodontal regeneration. Although various therapeutic approaches have been developed, regeneration of integrated and functional periodontal complexes is still wanting. Here, we found that the OCCM30 cementoblasts cultured on fibrin matrix express substantial levels of matrix proteinases, leading to the degradation of fibrin and the apoptosis of OCCM30 cells, which was reversed upon treatment with a proteinase inhibitor, ε-aminocaproic acid (ACA). Based on these findings, ACA-releasing chitosan particles (ACP) were fabricated and ACP-incorporated fibrin (fibrin-ACP) promoted the differentiation of cementoblasts in vitro, as confirmed by bio-mineralization and expressions of molecules associated with mineralization. In a periodontal defect model of beagle dogs, fibrin-ACP resulted in substantial cementum formation on the exposed root dentin in vivo, compared to fibrin-only and enamel matrix derivative (EMD) which is used clinically for periodontal regeneration. Remarkably, the fibrin-ACP developed structural integrations of the cementum-periodontal ligament-bone complex by the Sharpey's fiber insertion. In addition, fibrin-ACP promoted alveolar bone regeneration through increased bone volume of tooth roof-of-furcation defects and root coverage. Therefore, fibrin-ACP can promote cementogenesis and osteogenesis by controlling biodegradability of fibrin, implicating the feasibility of its therapeutic use to improve periodontal regeneration. Cementum, the mineralized layer on root dentin surfaces, functions to anchor fibrous connective tissues on tooth-root surfaces with the collagenous Sharpey's fibers integration, of which are essential for periodontal functioning restoration in the complex. Through the cementum-responsible fiber insertions on tooth-root surfaces, PDLs transmit various mechanical responses to periodontal complexes against masticatory/occlusal stimulations to support teeth

  7. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in indoor air originating from sealants in contaminated and uncontaminated apartments within the same housing estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Marie; Meyer, Harald William; Ebbehøj, Niels Erik

    2012-01-01

    analysis revealed four groups among the sealant samples with different congener compositions, only two of which were clearly similar to known PCB mixtures, while two were not. Significant correlations and intercorrelations were observed between the lower chlorinated congeners in air and sealant, e.......g. for PCB 28(air) and 28(seal) (p=0.04) and for PCB 28(air) and 52(air), 52(seal). However, no correlation was observed between the lower chlorinated congeners and the sums of PCB (∑PCB(6) or ∑PCB(24)) or the higher chlorinated congeners. Analysis of air concentrations in relation to questionnaire data...

  8. A comparative evaluation of retention of pit and fissure sealant bonded using sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-generation adhesives: An in vivo study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nirwan, Mitakshra; Nigam, Anant Gopal; Marwah, Nikhil; Nayak, Ullal Anand; Bansal, Aayushi; Gahlot, Manvendra Singh

    2017-01-01

    Dental caries is one of the most common preventable childhood infections. a number of measures are available to prevent occlusal caries; pit and fissure sealants are one of the various methods currently available to cost effectively reduce dental caries. To evaluate the retention of pit and fissure sealant bonded using sixth (Adper promt), seventh (Optibond) and eighth (Futurabond Dual Cure) generations of adhesives. A total of 37 healthy children who fulfilled the inclusion were randomly selected. A total of 148 teeth (4 in each subject) were used as samples for the study. The teeth to be sealed were then isolated using rubber dam. The placement of adhesives was done using split mouth design. The first permanent molars were randomly divided into four groups on the basis of sealant placed without and with using 6th, 7th and 8th generation bonding agents as follows: GROUP A (N=37):- Pit and fissure sealant placed without bonding agent. GROUP B (N=37):- Pit and fissure sealant placed following sixth generation bonding agent (ADPER PROMT). GROUP C (N=37):- Pit and fissure sealant placed following seventh generation bonding agent. (OPTIBOND). GROUP D (N=37):- Pit and fissure sealant placed following eighth generation bonding agent. (FUTURA BOND DUAL CURE). The integrity of the sealant placed was assessed immediately after completion of the procedure, 3 months and 6 months after placement. The post-operative evaluation for retention was done using Simonsen criteria. A score of 0 was given for complete retention, 1 for partial retention and 2 for no retention. The statistical analysis was done using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) software version 21. It was found that there was no statistically significant difference between the groups after 3 and 6 months as the value obtained (0.133) was much greater than the p-value (0.05). This study concluded that the use of bonding agent prior to application of pit and fissure sealant does not necessarily aid in

  9. Collector sealants and breathing. Final Report, 25 September 1978-31 December 1979

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendelsohn, M A; Luck