WorldWideScience

Sample records for euseius concordis chant

  1. Variações morfológicas intra e interpopulacionais de Euseius citrifolius Denmark & Muma e Euseius concordis (Chant (Acari, Phytoseiidae Intra and interpopulational morphological variations of Euseius citrifolius Denmark & Muma and Euseius concordis (Chant (Acari, Phytoseiidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aloyséia Cristina da Silva Noronha

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The determination of morphologic variability within and between populations of phytoseiid mites is important for the precise species identification. Euseius citrifolius Denmark & Muma, 1970 and Euseius concordis (Chant, 1959 are phytoseiids commonly found on different crops in Brazil and other South American countries. The morphologic characterization of populations preliminarily identified as E. citrifolius and E. concordis was done through examination of 10 adult females and 10 adult males of each population and of 2 to 10 adult females and males resulting from crosses between those populations. The plant substrate and collection site of each population were: E. citrijolius: Bauhinia sp. in Arroio do Meio, Rio Grande do Sul, Coffea arabica Linnaeus in Campinas, São Paulo and Terminalia catappa Linnaeus in Petrolina, Pernambuco. E. concordis: Passiflora edulis Sims. i.flavicarpa Deg. in Arroio do Meio, Manihot esculenta (Crantz in Jaguariúna, São Paulo, Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. in Pontes e Lacerda, Mato Grosso, T. catappa in Petrolina and C arabica in Viçosa, Minas Gerais. A comparison of the measurements of different structures of individuals of each population and of type specimens of E. citrifolius and E. concordis confirmed the preliminary identification of the populations. Significant relationships were observed between mean setal lengths and the respective ranges within each population. Females and males of E. citrifolius from Petrolina and E. concordis from Jaguariúna had some of the setae generally shorter than those of other populations of the same species. Measurements of males resulting from heterogamic crosses indicated that E. citrifolius and E. concordis reproduce by pseudo-arrhenotoky.

  2. Oviposição dos ácaros predadores Agistemus floridanus Gonzalez, Euseius concordis (Chant e Neoseiulus anonymus (Chant & Baker (Acari em resposta a diferentes tipos de alimento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferla Noeli Juarez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Phytoseiidae and Sigmaeidae are the most common predatory mites on rubber tree leaves in the State of Mato Grosso, associated with phytophagous mites of the families Eriophyidae, Tenuipalpidae and Tetranychidae. The aim of this work was to compare the effect of different kinds of food, including different species of mites commonly found on the rubber tree in Mato Grosso, and one kind of pollen, on the oviposition of the predators Agistemus floridanus Gonzalez, 1965 (Stigmaeidae, Euseius concordis (Chant, 1959 and Neoseiulus anonymus (Chant & Baker, 1965, both Phytoseiidae. Those predators are common on rubber tree leaves in Mato Grosso. For the tests with A. floridanus, discs of 2 cm in diameter of rubber tree leaves were used as substrate. Food provided to the predators were the mites Calacarus heveae Feres, 1992, Oligonychus gossypii (Zacher, 1921, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks, 1904, Tenuipalpus heveae Baker, 1945 and Tetranychus mexicanus (McGregor, 1950, and pollen of Typha angustifolia L. Agistemus floridanus accepted a larger variety of foodthan other predators. This was the only predator with high oviposition rate when fed C. heveae and T. heveae, the phytophagous mites considered most important on rubber trees. Euseius concordis and A. floridanus had nearly the same oviposition rates when fed pollen of T. angustifolia (ca. one egg per female per day. Neoseiulus anonymus had the highest oviposition rate than other predators when fed O. gossypii and T. mexicanus. Polyphagotarsonemus latus was the least suitable food for the predators studied.

  3. BIOLOGIA E TABELA DE VIDA DO ÁCARO PREDADOR Euseius concordis (CHANT, 1959 (ACARI: PHYTOSEIIDAE EM PINHÃO-MANSO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLECIA DE CARVALHO MARQUES

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the development and the intrinsic growth rate (rm of Euseius concordis on Tetranychus bastosi on physic nut (Jatropha curcas. The experiment was conducted in incubator BOD at 25 ° C and 70 % RH, with 12h photoperiod environment. The evaluations were performed twice daily for the biology of the mite, and once to the reproductive parameters. The average life cycle of fe-males was 6.3 ± 0.14 days and the males of 6.22 ± 0.14 days. The sex ratio was 0.64, and the average longevi-ty of females was 22.6 ± 2.22 days with an average production of 7,42 eggs per female. The parameters of the life table were obtained : net reproductive rate (Ro, 54,9 individuals ; average length of generations (T , 7,77 days; intrinsic growth rate (rm, 0,22 female per female per day; finite rate of increase (λ, 1,24 female per fe-male; and in population doubling time (TD, 3,16 days. The E. concordis mite has developed satisfactorily when created with T. diet bastosi, with the short development cycle.

  4. Susceptibility of Euseius concordis (Mesostigmata: Phytoseiidae) to pesticides used in citrus production systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco, Aline Aparecida; Zanardi, Odimar Zanuzo; Jacob, Cynthia Renata de Oliveira; de Oliveira, Monique Bárbara Rosa; Yamamoto, Pedro Takao

    2017-09-01

    Euseius concordis (Chant) is an important predatory mite found in citrus orchards. The toxicity of 19 pesticides used in citrus orchards on biological and population parameters of this mite was assessed. Our results indicated that formetanate hydrochloride, dimethoate and phosmet were highly harmful (100% mortality) to E. concordis. Carbosulfan, diflubenzuron, fenpropathrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, imidacloprid, lambda-cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin + thiamethoxam, mineral and vegetable oils, spinosad and thiamethoxam reduced the female's survival and/or fecundity, and were moderately harmful to E. concordis. Besides the acute toxicity, carbosulfan and formetanate hydrochloride were highly persistent [>30 days after spraying (DAS)]; dimethoate was moderately persistent (16-30 DAS); spinosad, gamma-cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin and lambda-cyhalothrin + thiamethoxam were slightly persistent (5-15 DAS); and the other pesticides were considered to be short-lived (<5 DAS). All compounds except lambda-cyhalothrin and thiamethoxam increased the pre-oviposition period in the female offspring. Carbosulfan, deltamethrin, diflubenzuron, etofenprox, fenpropathrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, mineral and vegetable oils, pyriproxyfen and tebufenozide reduced offspring fecundity, whereas thiamethoxam increased the fecundity. Mineral and vegetable oils reduced female longevity of the predator mite. Regarding population effects, imidacloprid, lambda-cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin + thiamethoxam and thiamethoxam led to an increase in net reproductive rate (R o ), intrinsic rate of increase (r), and finite rate of increase (λ) of E. concordis. Diflubenzuron, etofenprox, and mineral and vegetable oils reduced R o , r and λ. All pesticides except beta-cypermethrin, fenpropathrin and imidacloprid reduced the mean generation time (T) of the predator. Therefore, semi-field and field studies are needed to assess the compatibility of these compounds with E. concordis before adoption in IPM

  5. Reproductive compatibility between mite populations previously identified as Euseius concordis (Acari: Phytoseiidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noronha, Aloyséia Cristina da Silva; de Moraes, Gilberto José

    2004-01-01

    The objective of the present research is to study the reproductive compatibility between populations of predatory mites previously identified as Euseius concordis (Chant) based on morphological characteristics. Colonies of these mite populations were established in the lab with specimens collected from different localities and host plants. Reproductive compatibility was evaluated through crosses and backcrosses within and between populations and the subsequent observation of females' oviposition, over a period of 10 days. The levels of oviposition obtained in the crosses between individuals from the same population were higher than those obtained in the crosses between individuals from different populations. Results indicate the occurrence of post-mating reproductive incompatibility between the mite population from Petrolina and the other populations studied. Crosses and backcrosses between populations involving female mites from Petrolina did not produce offspring, although endospermatophores were present inside the spermathecas of those females. Oviposition was reduced, and only sons were obtained, in crosses between populations with males from Petrolina. Crosses of females from Pontes e Lacerda and males from Jaguariúna and vice versa produced only male progeny. Our results established that the populations originating from Arroio do Meio, Pontes e Lacerda, Jaguarúna and Viçosa, are reproductively compatible. However, the latter populations and the population from Petrolina are genetically isolated. Based on these results we suggest that more cytological and genetic studies are needed to establish if this reproductive isolation represents a species barrier.

  6. Risk assessment of Cry toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis on the predatory mites Euseius concordis and Neoseiulus californicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Castro, Thiago Rodrigues; Ausique, John Jairo Saldarriaga; Nunes, Daiane Heloisa; Ibanhes, Fernando Henrique; Delalibera Júnior, Italo

    2013-04-01

    Genetically modified plants carrying Cry toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) are widely used for pest control. Possible adverse effects as a result of the use of this control technique to non-target organisms is still a concern; however, few studies have addressed the effects of Bt crops on phytoseiid predatory mites. Phytoseiids are important for the natural control of phytophagous mites, but they can also feed on pollen, plant exudates, etc. Thus, phytoseiids may ingest Bt toxins through several pathways. In this paper, we evaluate the direct effect of Bt-toxins by feeding the predators on Bt cell suspensions, on solution of a Bt toxin and the tri-trophic effect by Bt expressed in transgenic plants. We present a method of conducting toxicological tests with Phytoseiidae which can be useful in studies of risk analysis of toxins to be expressed by genetically engineered plants. This method was used to evaluate the potential effect of ingestion of suspensions of Bt (1.25 × 10(8) spores/ml) and of purified protein Cry1Ia12 (0.006 mg/ml and 0.018 mg/ml) on Euseius concordis, a predatory mite that develops and reproduces best on pollen. The effects of genetically modified Bollgard(®) cotton, which carries the Cry1Ac protein, on Neoseiulus californicus, a selective predator that feeds more on spider mites than on pollen or insects, was determined by feeding them with Tetranychus urticae reared in Bollgard(®) cotton and on the non-transgenic isoline. When E. concordis was fed with suspension of Bt isolate derived from product Dipel(®) PM, no significant effects were detected. Similarly, Cry1Ia12 Bt toxin, at a concentration of 0.006 mg/ml, did not affect E. concordis. At a concentration of 0.018 mg/ml, however, the intake of this protein reduced the reproduction of E. concordis. There were no effects of Bollgard(®) cotton on the biological traits and on the predatory capacity of N. californicus. Results indicate that the Cry toxins of B. thuringiensis

  7. Byzantine chant notation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsgård, Christian

    2017-01-01

    The article focus on the complementarity of oral/aural transmission and written documents in the sustainment and development of Byzantine chant from c. 500 -c. 1500.......The article focus on the complementarity of oral/aural transmission and written documents in the sustainment and development of Byzantine chant from c. 500 -c. 1500....

  8. The status of chanting codices in the Serbian chant tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peno Vesna

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The status of chanting codices, which is directly associated with the phenomenon of musical literacy, is examined in this paper by means of the examples of a few scarce neumed manuscripts that represent a primary source for the reconstruction of the Serbian music past. The following reasons have been stated in the Serbian musicological literature as an explanation for the lack of a larger number of preserved neumed books: 1 melodies were transmitted orally, 2 an intensive liturgical practice, in which chanting had a primary place and 3 historical circumstances due to which manuscripts were exposed to decay. For the sake of an objective evaluation of the probable level of chanting skill in the Middle ages in Serbia, the aforementioned reasons have been reconsidered and revised.

  9. Dominican Chant and Dominican Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Innocent Smith

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Order of Preachers possesses a venerable chant tradition that dates back to the thirteenth century. This essay describes Dominican chant, showing how it developed as a consequence of the attitudes to the liturgy expressed in the Ancient Constitutions of the Order of Preachers. These constitutions stressed that the liturgy was to be performed with careful attention to bodily posture, with a succinctness and brevity that would allow time for study and preaching, and with gradations of solemnity that would express the inner hierarchy of parts of the liturgy and of the liturgical year. After the initial development of the repertoire, Dominican chant has gone through periods of decline and revival, which are briefly traced in this article together with a consideration of the place of the chant in the contemporary practice of the Order. Throughout the last eight centuries, the chant of the Order of Preachers has played an important role in the inculcation and preservation of Dominican identity within the Order and in the lives of individual friars and sisters.

  10. Transcription of Byzantine Chant - Problems, Possibilities, Formats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsgård, Christian

    2007-01-01

    Discusses the problems and possibilities for transsription of Byzantine chant on the basis of medieval musical manuscripts. A relatively 'neutral' style of transcription is suggested for musicological purposes.......Discusses the problems and possibilities for transsription of Byzantine chant on the basis of medieval musical manuscripts. A relatively 'neutral' style of transcription is suggested for musicological purposes....

  11. Resistance of the predacious mite, euseius kenyae (acari ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was carried out to assess whether the predacious phytoseiid mite, Euseius kenyae (Swirski and Ragusa), commonly found in major coffee growing regions in Kenya has developed resistance to Chlorpyrifos. Mite populations were collected from coffee farms harbouring E. kenyae and where Chlorpyrifos or other ...

  12. Stabat Mater. Chant gregorien / Patric Wiklacz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiklacz, Patric

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Stabat Mater. Chant gregorien. Palestrina: Stabat Mater a 8; Pärt: Stabat Mater; Browne: Stabat Mater dolorosa a 6. Fretwork (concort de violes)". Virgin Classics 545 272-2 (CD: 167F)

  13. Articles: Toward a Definition of Liturgical Chant

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kirby, Mark Daniel

    2009-01-01

    ...; it is an integral part of it. Unlike religious music and popular religious song, liturgical chant cannot stand independently of the total liturgical action without its meaning becoming obscured...

  14. The Byzantine Chant Heritage in Sicily

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanfratello, Giuseppe

    The present dissertation provides a historical ethnomusicological study on the liturgical chant tradition of the Arbëreshe communities in Sicily based on oral and written sources. The musical repertoire has been cultivated by priests and faithful adhering to the Byzantine rite since the time...... of organisation. After five centuries of oral transmission, it still lives, despite, or maybe thanks to the lack of ‘original’ written sources, and it might thus be seen as a multi-layered musical tradition, featuring multiple versions and encompassing a certain degree of melodic heterogeneity....... of the Albanian diaspora in Italy in the aftermath of the Fall of Constantinople. As a matter of fact, the repertoire seems to be maintained through a delicate balance between techniques of ‘reception’, ‘safeguarding’, and ‘re-byzantinisation’ that characterize both its present oral chant administration and its...

  15. Species of the genus Euseius Wainstein (Acari: Phytoseiidae: Amblyseiinae) from Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Jhih-Rong; Ho, Chyi-Chen; Ko, Chiun-Cheng

    2017-01-26

    The six mite species of the genus Euseius Wainstein from Taiwan are reviewed, including E. ovalis (Evans), E. daluensis sp. nov., E. macaranga sp. nov., E. paraovalis sp. nov., and two species recorded for the first time in Taiwan, E. aizawai (Ehara & Bhandhufalck) and E. circellatus (Wu & Li). Measurements of these species and an identification key for adult females of the six Euseius species from Taiwan are provided.

  16. Complete Mitochondrial Genome of Euseius nicholsi (Ehara et Lee) (Acari:Phytoseiidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, Tianrong; Que, Shengquan; Zou, Zhiwen; Wang, Jing; Li, Lei; Xia, Bin

    2016-05-01

    In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequence of Euseius nicholsi (Acarinae: Phytoseiidae) was determined by long PCR and primer walking methods. The complete mitochondrial genome is 15,561 bp in length and contains 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 21 transfer RNA genes. The overall base composition of the genome is A (34.69%), T (43.14%), C (8.06%) and G (14.10%). Stop codon was missed for the COXIII gene in E.nicholsi. The mitogenome would contribute to resolving phylogenetic position and interrelationships of Euseius.

  17. Mythe et chant rituel chez les Sharanahua Sharanahua myths and ritual chants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Déléage

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Le problème des relations qu’entretiennent les mythes et les rituels est ici réévalué à partir d’une perspective linguistique et épistémologique. Un mythe et un chant chamanique sharanahua (Amazonie occidentale partageant un même contenu narratif sont comparés de manière détaillée. On y observe à l’œuvre trois procédés de « ritualisation » du discours mythique : une structuration poétique du langage, une opacification du lexique et une modification du marquage évidentiel des énoncés. L’étude de chacune de ces techniques offre un aperçu sur les différentes règles d’usage de ces deux savoirs traditionnels. Ce résultat constitue un premier pas dans l’élaboration d’une théorie des conditions de transmission du savoir traditionnel.The problem of the relationship between myths and rituals is re-evaluated from a linguistic and epistemological perspective. A myth and a chant (of the shamanic Sharanahua of Occidental Amazonia, sharing the same narrative content are compared in a detailed manner. One observes in them the workings of three processes of mythical discourse “ritualisation”: a poetic structuring of language, an opacification of the lexicon and a modification of the wordings’ evidential marking. Studying each of these techniques offers a glimpse of the different usage rules applying to these two types of traditional knowledge. This result constitutes a first step in the elaboration of a theory of traditional knowledge transmission conditions.

  18. Territory and nest defence in polyandrous pale chanting goshawks ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The behaviour of polyandrous and monogamous pale chanting goshawks Melierax canorus was investigated to determine if co-breeders, by defending the territory and nest contents, helped to increase the fitness of polyandrous trios. Polyandrous trios consisted of a female and male breeder, as well as a subordinate ...

  19. Can Euseius alatus DeLeon (Acari: Phytoseiidae) prey on Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae) in coconut palm?; Pode Euseius alatus DeLeon (Acari: Phytoseiidae) predar Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae) em coqueiro?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melo, Jose W. da S.; Domingos, Cleiton A.; Gondim Junior, Manoel G.C. [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Agronomia. Area de Fitossanidade]. E-mail: mguedes@depa.ufrpe.br; Moraes, Gilberto J. de [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Dept. de Entomologia, Fitopatologia e Zoologia Agricola]. E-mail: gjmoraes@carpa.ciagri.usp.br

    2009-01-15

    Mites of the genus Euseius are generally considered specialist as pollen feeders. Euseius alatus DeLeon is one of the six species of phytoseiid mites most commonly found on coconut plants in northeast Brazil associated with Aceria guerreronis Keifer. Although the morphology of E. alatus does not favor the exploitation of the meristematic area of the fruit inhabited by A. guerreronis, the predator may have some role in the control of this eriophyid during the dispersion process. The objective of this work was to evaluate the development and reproduction of E. alatus on the following diets: A. guerreronis, Ricinus communis pollen (Euphorbiaceae), and Tetranychus urticae Koch (Tetranychidae) + R. communis pollen + honey solution 10%. Euseius alatus developed slightly faster and had slightly higher oviposition rate when feeding on the diet composed of T. urticae + pollen + honey. However, life table parameters were very similar on all diets, suggesting that E. alatus may contribute in reducing the population of A. guerreronis in the field. (author)

  20. ÁCAROS ASOCIADOS AL CULTIVO DEL AGUACATE (Persea americana Mill EN LA COSTA CENTRAL DE PERÚ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luis Muñoz Marticorena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En la costa central de Perú (Lima e Ica, se cultiva el aguacate con fines de exportación, especialmente la variedad Hass. Con el objetivo de conocer la diversidad de ácaros depredadores en huertos comerciales de aguacate, se realizaron recolectas en 6 lugares de la costa central, duran - te el 2010 al 2012. Se registraron 12 especies de la familia Phytoseiidae, de los cuales algunos tendrían potencial como depredadores eficien - tes de Oligonychus sp . (Guanilo et ál. 2012; estos son: Amblyseius aerialis (Muma, Ambly - seius chungas (Demmark y Muma, Amblyseiella setosa (Muma, Euseius emanus (El–Banhawy, Euseius concordis (Chant, Euseius stipulatus (Athias–Henriot, Phytoseiulus persimilis (Athias Henriot, Phytoseiulus macropilis (Banks, Neo - seiulus californicus (McGregor, Typhlodromina subtropica (Chant, Typhlodromus ( Antoseius evectus (Schusters y Aristadromips n.sp. Se con - firmó que la vegetación espontánea cumple un rol importante en la conservación de las especies halladas en este cultivo y que además la intro - ducción de un ácaro depredador exótico, como Euseius stipulatus, contribuyó significativamente con el control de la plaga durante la temporada de invierno.

  1. [Can Euseius alatus DeLeon (Acari: Phytoseiidae) prey on Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae) in coconut palm?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo, José W da S; Domingos, Cleiton A; Gondim, Manoel G C; Moraes, Gilberto J de

    2009-01-01

    Mites of the genus Euseius are generally considered specialist as pollen feeders. Euseius alatus DeLeon is one of the six species of phytoseiid mites most commonly found on coconut plants in northeast Brazil associated with Aceria guerreronis Keifer. Although the morphology of E. alatus does not favor the exploitation of the meristematic area of the fruit inhabited by A. guerreronis, the predator may have some role in the control of this eriophyid during the dispersion process. The objective of this work was to evaluate the development and reproduction of E. alatus on the following diets: A. guerreronis, Ricinus communis pollen (Euphorbiaceae), and Tetranychus urticae Koch (Tetranychidae) + R. communis pollen + honey solution 10%. Euseius alatus developed slightly faster and had slightly higher oviposition rate when feeding on the diet composed of T. urticae + pollen + honey. However, life table parameters were very similar on all diets, suggesting that E. alatus may contribute in reducing the population of A. guerreronis in the field.

  2. La Spécificité roumaine dans le chant ecclésiastique de type byzantin / The Romanian Specificity in Byzantine Ecclesial Chant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nechifor (Nicolae Horia

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Since the earliest times, music has always been present at all peoples, as each people tried to embellish its cult and the expression of its religious feeling by means of the most significant and deepest treasures it had collected over time. The Orthodox Church has resorted, in its worship, to Byzantine music. The current Byzantine psaltic chant is the result of the historical evolution of the ancient musical art of the Eastern Orthodox Church with its capital at Byzantium. This is, therefore, a final stage of development, wearing new spiritual clothes, purified by the Christian doctrine, developed and crystallized in the Byzantine Empire and holding its own forms and features. The Romanian people, of Latin origin, on the one hand, and of Byzantine spiritual formation, on the other, and a Christian people since its birth, has fully benefited from the universal treasure of Byzantine chant. The Christian missionaries were the first to bring Byzantine and pre-Byzantine chant in these territories (in the early fourth century already, Saint Sabbas of Buzău is attested to “chant psalms in the church”. Many Romanian musicologists have dealt with the existence and the continuity of a genuine Romanian tradition in the field of the sacred chant. Here, on the territory of our country, the Byzantine chant developed new directions, especially due to the institutionalisation of its teaching and practicing, once the first modern schools of psaltic chant were established, such as the music school of Putna. Afterwards, the whole eighteenth century was characterized by an overt struggle between the Greek and the Romanian chant. However, in spite of the different impediments, the chant in Romanian will gradually come to the fore.

  3. Tips for Teaching: Using Songs and Chants as a Source of Predictable Text.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douville, Patricia

    2001-01-01

    This article suggests using songs and chants as a source of predictable text in developing students' reading skills. It offers new songs to familiar tunes to aid in content specific instruction. Benefits of using songs and chants in classroom instruction include repeated exposure to words, the versatility songs provide, and the pleasure of…

  4. A Byzantine chant collection from Sicily: a collaboration between Copenhagen and Piana degli Albanesi (Palermo)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanfratello, Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    on Cretan music, University of Vienna), Creative performance in the liturgy: a formulaic melodic language in the Sicilian-Albanian chant tradition (forthcoming, University of Joensuu, Finland), and several articles as chapters of his doctoral thesis. Nøgleord Byzantine chant, Oral transmission, Sicily...

  5. Theoretical feasibility of suppressing offensive sports chants by means of delayed feedback of sound

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijngaarden, S.J. van; Balken, J.A. van

    2007-01-01

    A novel approach for disrupting offensive chants at sporting events is proposed, based on attacking synchronization between individuals. Since timing is crucial for coordination between chanters, disruption of timing is expected to be effective against undesired chants. Delayed auditory feedback is

  6. Acoustic analysis of musical intervals in modern Byzantine Chant scales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delviniotis, Dimitrios; Kouroupetroglou, Georgios; Theodoridis, Sergios

    2008-10-01

    The goal of this work is to investigate experimentally the music intervals in modern Byzantine Chant performance and to compare the obtained results with the equal temperament scales introduced by the Patriarchal Music Committee (PMC). Current measurements resulted from pressure and electroglottographic recordings of 13 famous chanters singing scales of all the music genera. The scales' microintervals were derived after pitch detection based on autocorrelation, cepstrum, and harmonic product spectrum analysis. The microintervallic differences between the experimental values and the PMC's ones were statistically analyzed indicating large deviation of the mean values and the standard deviations. Significant interaction effects were identified among some genera and between ascending and descending scale directions.

  7. Associação e densidade populacional de ácaros predadores em plantas de erva-mate Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (Aqüifoliaceae na presença ou na ausência de ácaros fitófagos Association and populational density of mites predators in the mate-tea tree Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (Aqüifoliaceae with or without the presence of phytophagous mites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo de Gouvea

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a associação e a concentração de ácaros predadores em plantas de erva-mate Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (Aqüifoliaceae na presença ou não de ácaros fitófagos. O trabalho foi realizado em plantação comercial em Dois Vizinhos, PR, de agosto de 2001 a julho de 2002. Procederam-se coletas mensais de folhas de diferentes partes da planta. A contagem dos ácaros nas folhas foi realizada em laboratório com auxílio de microscópio estereoscópico. Foram constadas duas espécies de ácaros fitófagos, Dichopelmus notus Keifer e Oligonychus yothersi (McGregor, e três espécies de predadores, Euseius concordis (Chant, Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma e Agistemus sp., associadas às plantas de erva-mate. Foi observada associação de E. concordis e I. zuluagai a folhas com presença de D. notus e de Agistemus sp. a plantas com presença de D. notus e maior densidade populacional de E. concordis e de I. zuluagai em plantas com D. notus.This research was aimed at evaluating the association and concentration of predators mites in the mate-tea tree Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (Aqüifoliaceae with or without phytophagous mites. This study was conduced at Dois Vizinhos, State of Paraná, from August 2001 to July 2002, in a mate-tea tree commercial plantation. Leaf samples from different parts of the plant were taken monthly, and the number of mites was counted in laboratory. Two species of phytophagous mites, Dichopelmus notus Keifer and Oligonychus yothersi (McGregor, and three species of predator mites Euseius concordis (Chant, Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma, and Agistemus sp. were related to the mate-tea plant. The association of E. concordis and I. zuluagai to the leaves with D. notus, the association of Agistemus sp. to the plants with D. notus and a higher population density of E. concordis and I. zuluagai in plant with D. notus were observed.

  8. Restauration de Sapho ou Le Chant de Raoul Verlet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucie Courtiade

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available L'étude de Sapho ou Le Chant, modèle de fonderie en plâtre élaboré par Raoul Verlet et conservé au Musée d'Angoulême depuis 1926, a permis d'aborder un sujet courant, celui des plâtres fracturés par l'expansion de la corrosion d'armatures internes causée par l'humidité. La principale intervention s'est axée sur le remontage des fragments nécessitant la conception d'une structure de remontage en acier inoxydable. Les interventions  structurelles ont été complétées par des collages simples ou renforcés des fragments de grandes dimensions.The study of Sapho ou Le Chant, a plaster cast foundry created by Raoul Verlet and preserved in the Angoulême Museum since 1926, has allowed to approach a common problematic, that one of split plaster cast by the expansion of steel reinforcements corrosion, caused by high humidity conservation conditions. The main intervention concerned the fragments reconstruction requiring the design and the execution of a stainless steel pedestal. The structural interventions was completed with simple and reinforced stickings of the larger fragments.

  9. Can Euseius alatus DeLeon (Acari: Phytoseiidae) prey on Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae) in coconut palm?

    OpenAIRE

    Melo, José W da S; DOMINGOS, Cleiton A; Gondim Jr, Manoel G C; de Moraes, Gilberto J.

    2009-01-01

    Ácaros do gênero Euseius são geralmente considerados especialistas na alimentação de pólen. Euseius alatus DeLeon é uma das seis espécies de ácaros fitoseídeos mais comumente encontrados em plantas de coqueiro no Nordeste do Brasil, associado com Aceria guerreronis Keifer. Apesar de a morfologia de E. alatus não favorecer a exploração da área meristemática do fruto habitada por A. guerreronis, o predador pode ter algum papel no controle do eriofídeo durante o processo de dispersão. O objetivo...

  10. [Populational dynamics of mites (Acari) in the mate-tea tree (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.: Aquifoliaceae)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Gouvea, Alfredo; Boaretto, Luiz C; Zanella, Carla F; Alves, Luis F A

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this research was to analyze the populational dynamic of the phytophagous mites, as well as that of their natural predators in the plants Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (Aquifoliaceae). This study was conduced in Dois Vizinhos, State of Paraná, from August 2001 to July 2002. Leaf samples from different parts of the plant were taken and the number of mites was registered. During this period, two species of phytophagous mites, Dichopelmus notus Keifer, and Oligonychus yothersi (McGregor), and three species of predator mites identified as Euseius concordis (Chant), Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma, and Agistemus sp. were related to the mate-tea plant. Large numbers of D. notus appeared on mature leaves and on the inferior face of leaves. The mite was more frequent in the inferior and medium strata. O. yothersi occurred mainly on mature leaves. The concentration of E. concordis e I. zuluagai was higher on the inferior face of the leaves, and on the leaves of inferior and medium strata, as well as in the internal canopy region, and on mature leaves. The highest numbers of D. notus, O. yothersi, E. concordis and I. zuluagai occurred in periods with mild temperatures and little rain precipitation. The largest population density of Agistemus sp. occurred on the inferior face of the leaves, more often in periods of high temperature and heavy rain.

  11. Stamping, Clapping and Chanting: An Ancient Learning Pathway?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marion M. Long

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available In this review I explore the effect of temporal integration as a means of improving learning in schoolchildren. I focus first on theorists that have linked physical activity with a positive effect on children’s learning and second to psychological studies that have established the existence of innate temporal patterns. These findings are related to a model of temporal integration that I have developed from Croce’s writings on aesthetics (1900. From philosophy to neurology, I discuss recent neurological findings relating to timing and conclude that an organ of temporal integration, regulation and coordination operates in the brain with respect to physical, intuitive and higher cognitive function. I link recent findings in neurophysiology to notably similar findings in recent biomusicological studies. The finding that humans have an involuntary physical response to loud, low-frequency sounds are attributed to an innate legacy of proto-music and proto-dance behaviour among hominids. I develop the model of temporal integration further by examining the literature on stamping and clapping patterns of ancient traditional dances in relation to Husserl’s writings on theoretical succession. From philosophy to pedagogy, I summarise the review by proposing stamping, clapping and chanting as a means of achieving improved temporal integration.

  12. On the orthodox church melos: A contribution to the typology of church chant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peno Vesna M.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Many unresolved questions related to post-Byzantine church chanting present obstacles to understanding some aspects of church music since the 19th century. One of those problems concerns the need for strict definitions of criteria according to which a church melody is classified as "melos" (Serb. napev. In this article the actual classifications of new Greek and Serbian chants are given. The most important Greek theoretical sources (theoretikon are taken into consideration, as well as writings in which Serbian theoreticians and chanters explain the classification of hymns in Serbian church singing. The terminology related to "melos" in Greek and Serbian church chanting practice is critically examined. Attention is also drawn to elements common to new Greek (neumatic and Serbian (staff notation "melos". This article is an introduction to more detailed research whose aim will be to establish similarities and distinctions between the two church singing traditions that have the same origins in Byzantine church music.

  13. A computational comparison of theory and practice of scale intonation in Byzantine chant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Panteli, Maria; Purwins, Hendrik

    2013-01-01

    Byzantine Chant performance practice is quantitatively compared to the Chrysanthine theory. The intonation of scale degrees is quantified, based on pitch class profiles. An analysis procedure is introduced that consists of the following steps: 1) Pitch class histograms are calculated via non...

  14. Seletividade de acaricidas e inseticidas a ácaros predadores (Acari: Phytoseiidae encontrados em seringueira no centro-oeste do Brasil Side-effect of acaricides and insecticides to predatory mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae found in rubber-trees in mid-west Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noeli Juarez Ferla

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Euseius concordis (Chant e Neoseiulus anonymus (Chant & Baker são ácaros predadores da família Phytoseiidae comumente encontrados em seringueira (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. em Mato Grosso, região centro-oeste do Brasil. Este trabalho foi realizado para verificar o efeito de acaricidas e inseticidas-acaricidas empregados em plantações de seringueira, e outros que teriam potencial para serem empregados contra insetos e ácaros considerados pragas dessa cultura, sobre E. concordis e N. anonymus. Utilizou-se o método residual de pulverização em superfície, recomendado como padrão pelo Grupo de Trabalho "Pesticidas e Artrópodes Benéficos", da Organização Internacional de Controle Biológico e Integrado de Plantas e Animais Nocivos/Seção Regional do Paleártico Oeste. Duas concentrações de cada um dos seguintes ingredientes ativos foram utilizadas: acefato, dicofol, endosulfan, formetanate, metomil, monocrotofós, óxido de fenbutatin e propargite. Uma das concentrações utilizadas foi uma média daquelas sugeridas pelos fabricantes para o controle de ácaros e insetos fitófagos presentes em outras culturas, uma vez que nenhum dos produtos testados tem registro para o uso em seringueira e a outra correspondeu à cerca de um terço da primeira. Endosulfan a 320ppm, dicofol a 100ppm e óxido de fenbutatin a 100 e 320ppm foram inócuos a E. concordis, enquanto que endosulfan a 320ppm e dicofol a 100ppm foram inócuos a N. anonymus. Acefato, formetanate e monocrotofós, nas concentrações testadas, foram nocivos às duas espécies.Euseius concordis (Chant and Neoseiulus anonymus (Chant & Baker are predatory mites of the family Phytoseiidae commonly found on rubber trees (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. in the State of Mato Grosso, in the mid-west Brazil. This work was conducted to verify the effect of acaricides and insecticides-acaricides occasionally used in rubber tree plantations, and other products that could be used against

  15. AHP 40: NAMUYI TIBETAN pha⁵⁴ tsə⁵⁴ RITUALS AND ORAL CHANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libu Lakhi (Li Jianfu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available sa54 da54 (b. 1939 is a Namuyi pha54 tsə54 - a traditional Namuyi religious practitioner/ specialist - who chants and conducts religious rituals. He lives and practices in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. This article introduces pha54 tsə54 sa54 da54 and the many hours of his oral materials recorded by Libu Lakhi in 2009 that are archived at http://tinyurl.com/lgf3row. In addition, aspects of Namuyi religion are described, including terms of mountain deities, ill omens and taboos, the pha54 tsə54, sa54 da54, chants, and a personal account of a ritual done in Dashui Village, Minsheng Township, Xichang City, Sichuan Province in March 2013. An appendix, seven photographs, and a diagram provide additional detail.

  16. Le vaudeville des chants patriotiques dans La fille soldat de Desfontaines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomoko Nakayama

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Dans la première moitié du dix-huitième siècle, les vaudevilles servaient surtout à un effet comique. Mais l’époque révolutionnaire donne un nouvel essor aux spectacles à vaudevilles. On peut s’interroger dès lors sur les raisons de cette affinité entre le contexte révolutionnaire et les vaudevilles qui revient au goût du jour. Nous allons, pour ce faire, tenter d’analyser les effets produits par des vaudevilles tirés de La fille soldat (1794 de Desfontaines (1733-1825. La particularité des vaudevilles de cette pièce réside dans l’emploi des chants révolutionnaires. La musique et les paroles de ces chants font directement écho à la guerre appartenant à la réalité des spectateurs ou bien, à la scène détachée du contexte de l’air original et employés de manière autonome. Les vaudevilles tirés des chants révolutionnaires attestent de la pénétration des musiques patriotiques dans tous les secteurs de la vie culturelle, même sur les tréteaux dévolus au pur divertissement.

  17. Common scale features of the recent Greek and Serbian church chant traditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peno Vesna

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an attempt to show the similarity between the Serbian and Greek Post-Byzantine chanting traditions, especially those which relate to the scale organization of modes. Three teachers and reformers from Constantinople, Chrisantos, Gregorios and Chourmousios, established a fairly firm theoretical system for the first time during the long history of church chant. One of the main results of their reform, beside changes relating to neums, was the assignment of strict sizes to the intervals in the natural tonal system. There are three kinds of natural scales: diatonic, chromatic and encharmonic. They all have their place in the Greek Anastasimatarion chant book, whose first edition was prepared by Petar Peloponesios, and later edited by Ionnes Protopsaltes. The first, first plagal and forth plagal modes are diatonic in each of their melos, with very few exceptions; the second and second plagal are soft and hard chromatic, while the third and varis are encharmonic. It is important to note that the Greek chanter is very conscious of the scale foundation of the melody, so he begins to chant the apechima foremost, the intonation formula that comprehends all indisposed details to enter the adequate mode, i. e. melos. One mode could use one sort of scale for all groups of melodies - melos. However, in some modes there are different melos, whose scale organisation is not equal at all. That means that it is not proper to equate mode with scale, but rather to look for the specific scale's shape through the melodies that belong to the melos. The absence of formal Serbian church music theory and, especially, the very conservative way in which church melodies are learnt by ear and by heart, has caused significant gaps, which preclude an adequate approach to the essentional principals of Serbian chant. Over the years many Serbian chanters and musicians have noted down church melodies, especially those from the Octoechos, in F or in G, with the key

  18. Predatory potential of Euseius alatus (Phytoseiidae) on different life stages of Oligonychus ilicis (Tetranychidae) on coffee leaves under laboratory conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Toledo, M A; Reis, P R; da Silveira, E C; de P Marafeli, P; de Souza-Pimentel, G C

    2013-04-01

    This study evaluated the predatory capacity of Euseius alatus (DeLeon) as a biological control agent of the pest mite Oligonychus ilicis (McGregor) on coffee leaves under laboratory conditions, using arenas containing 25 O. ilicis per coffee (Coffea arabica) leaf to one specimen of each stage of the predator mite. The functional response and oviposition rate of adult females of E. alatus were evaluated on coffee leaf arenas and offered from 1 to 125 immature stages of O. ilicis per arena. The number of preys killed and the number of eggs laid by the predator were evaluated every 24 h during 8 days. The preys consumed were daily replaced. Male and female adults of E. alatus were the most efficient in killing all developmental stages of O. ilicis. Larvae and nymphs of O. ilicis were the most consumed by all stages of the predatory mite. The functional response and oviposition rates of E. alatus increased as the prey density increased, with a positive and highly significant correlation. Regression analysis suggested a type II functional response, with a maximum predation of 22 O. ilicis/arena and a maximum oviposition rate of 1.7 eggs/day at a density of 70 O. ilicis/arena.

  19. Acute effects of 3G mobile phone radiations on frontal haemodynamics during a cognitive task in teenagers and possible protective value of Om chanting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhargav, Hemant; N K, Manjunath; Varambally, Shivarama; Mooventhan, A; Bista, Suman; Singh, Deepeshwar; Chhabra, Harleen; Venkatasubramanian, Ganesan; T M, Srinivasan; H R, Nagendra

    2016-06-01

    Mobile phone induced electromagnetic field (MPEMF) as well as chanting of Vedic mantra 'OM' has been shown to affect cognition and brain haemodynamics, but findings are still inconclusive. Twenty right-handed healthy teenagers (eight males and 12 females) in the age range of 18.25 ± 0.44 years were randomly divided into four groups: (1) MPONOM (mobile phone 'ON' followed by 'OM' chanting); (2) MPOFOM (mobile phone 'OFF' followed by 'OM' chanting); (3) MPONSS (mobile phone 'ON' followed by 'SS' chanting); and (4) MPOFSS (mobile phone 'OFF' followed by 'SS' chanting). Brain haemodynamics during Stroop task were recorded using a 64-channel fNIRS device at three points of time: (1) baseline, (2) after 30 min of MPON/OF exposure, and (3) after 5 min of OM/SS chanting. RM-ANOVA was applied to perform within- and between-group comparisons, respectively. Between-group analysis revealed that total scores on incongruent Stroop task were significantly better after OM as compared to SS chanting (MPOFOM vs MPOFSS), pre-frontal activation was significantly lesser after OM as compared to SS chanting in channel 13. There was no significant difference between MPON and MPOF conditions for Stroop performance, as well as brain haemodynamics. These findings need confirmation through a larger trial in future.

  20. A Byzantine Chant Collection From Sicily. A Cοllaboration Between Cοpenhagen and Piana degli Albanesi (Palermo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Sanfratello

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to give an account of the collaboration between a collector of the Byzantine chant tradition of Piana degli Albanesi (Palermo in Sicily, namely fr. Bartolomeo Di Salvo, and the editorial board of the Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae, i.e. an institution under the aegis of the University of Copenhagen. Before describing precisely how this collaboration has developed, I will briefly introduce the “Sicilian-Albanian” oral liturgical chant tradition. Among his publications are Oral performances in a (post-literate society (Lund, 2016, The songs of the roots (forthcoming chapter on Cretan music, University of Vienna, Creative performance in the liturgy: a formulaic melodic language in the Sicilian-Albanian chant tradition (forthcoming, University of Joensuu, Finland, and several articles as chapters of his doctoral thesis.

  1. Experiences in adapting post-byzantine chant into foreign languages: Research and praxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olkinuora Jaakko

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the current state of the research and practical methodology of the adaptation of Byzantine melodies written in the “New Method” into foreign languages, with Romanian, English and Finnish serving as examples. The adaptation of independent, “fixed” melodies as well as metrical liturgical texts (prosomoia and canons are examined. The challenges emerging in adapting Byzantine chant into Finnish are also discussed. The author also suggests some future subjects for research, which include the synthesis of examining arrangements in both “Old” and “New Method”.

  2. Diversidade e dinâmica populacional de ácaros em pomar cítrico Diversity and population dynamics of mites in citrus orchard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Zatti da Silva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available As plantas de citros hospedam diversas espécies de ácaros que causam sérios prejuízos à produção e qualidade de frutos no Brasil. Esta pesquisa teve por objetivo estudar a diversidade de ácaros e a dinâmica populacional das principais espécies de ácaros em pomar de citros, Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck, localizado no município de Descalvado, Estado de São Paulo. Foram realizadas 14 avaliações em um período de 12 meses, de fevereiro de 2007 a fevereiro de 2008. Em cada avaliação, foram coletadas dez folhas e cinco frutos na parte interna de cada uma das 40 plantas demarcadas no pomar. Foram encontradas 34 espécies de ácaros, distribuídas em 17 famílias. As espécies mais abundantes foram: Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Ashmed (Eriophyidae, Panonychus citri (McGregor (Tetranychidae, Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes (Tenuipalpidae e Fungitarsonemus sp. (Tarsonemidae. Entre os ácaros predadores, a família Phytoseiidae foi a de maior riqueza (oito espécies e abundância (1.072 indivíduos. A espécie predominante foi Euseius concordis (Chant, correspondendo a 98,3% dos ácaros desta família. Foram observadas correlações significativas entre densidades populacionais de E. concordis e dos ácaros fitófagos P. citri, B. phoenicis e P. oleivora. Também foram observadas correlações significativas entre densidades populacionais desses ácaros e fatores meteorológicos como temperatura e precipitação pluvial. Os resultados indicam que E. concordis atua como inimigo natural de P. citri, B. phoenicis e P. oleivora no pomar cítrico estudado.The citrus plants are hosts of several species of mites, which cause severe damage to production and quality of fruits in Brazil. The objective of this research was to study the diversity of mites and population dynamics of the main mite species in a citrus orchard, Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck, in Descalvado County, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Fourteen evaluations were conducted over a period of 12

  3. L’idéologie dans les chants de l’EPON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joëlle Dalègre

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available L’idéologie de l’EPON, (organisation de jeunesse de la résistance grecque vue à travers ses chants, l’une de ses armes favorites de propagande.Cette communication se propose, à travers quelques chants, de montrer les grandes thèmes idéologiques de l’EPON, tout en la replaçant dans le cadre spécifique grec. Créée par le mouvement de résistance de masse du pays, l’EAM, l’EPON se propose d’encadrer les jeunes de tous âges, de les faire participer à la résistance, civile et parfois armée et de les conduire vers la construction de l’avenir radieux qui leur est promis à la fin de la guerre. Le chant fait partie des nombreux moyens de propagande utilisés par l’EPON (et précédemment par l’EON mais aussi d’un réel travail d’éducation entrepris en tous lieux par les cadres de l’organisation, souvent des enseignants. Justice, travail, école, prospérité, égalité homme/femme, des réalités inconnues dans la Grèce de l’avant-guerre qui ne peuvent que provoquer enthousiasme et espérance dans une génération prête à se sacrifier généreusement.Based on a number of songs, this communication summarizes the great ideological themes of EPON, while at the same time placing them in the specifically Greek context. Created by EAM, the national resistance movement, EPON set out to recruit the young of all ages, to make them participate in the civil and armed resistance against the occupiers, and to help them build the brilliant future they were promised at the end of the war. Song was one of the many forms of propaganda used by EPON, but also a real form of education undertaken everywhere by the heads of the organisation, who were often teachers. Justice, work, school, prosperity, equality between men and women, unknown realities in pre-war Greece that could only inspire enthusiasm and hope in a generation prepared to make any sacrifice.

  4. Synthèse concaténative de la voix chantée

    OpenAIRE

    Ardaillon, Luc; Roebel, Axel

    2014-01-01

    National audience; Les recherches présentées ici concernent la synthèse de voix chantée. Le but est d'obtenir, à partir d'un texte et d'une partition, une voix synthétique àla fois naturelle et expressive chantant la partition et le texte donnés en entrée.La méthode utilisée pour cela est la concaténation et transformation d'unités [Bonada 2006] : une base de données est enregistrée par un chanteur, delaquelle des segments sont extraits puis assemblés afin de générer la synthèse. Les disconti...

  5. Claude Romano, Le chant de la vie, phénoménologie de Faulkner.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Liénard

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Le chant de la vie s’achève sur la voix d’un autre géant de la littérature, Joseph Conrad, qui déclare : « La tâche que je m’efforce d’accomplir consiste par le seul pouvoir des mots écrits, à vous faire entendre, à vous faire sentir, et avant tout, à vous faire voir » (343. Le credo artistique conradien pourrait bien s’appliquer à Claude Romano pour son parcours philosophique de l’oeuvre de Faulkner qui est un dévoilement plus qu’une simple analyse. Ce que Romano fait en effet partager c’es...

  6. Chanting of the inner space: on symphonic and concertante works by Milorad Marinković

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janković-Beguš Jelena

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The opus of contemporary Serbian composer Milorad Marinković (b. 1976, which encompasses works of choral, chamber, concertante and symphony music, leans towards classical forms of artistic music, Serbian folklore music, and Serbian Orthodox church chant. This paper deals with pieces composed for larger instrumental ensembles: Herojska uvertira (Heroic Overture for symphony orchestra, Psalmodija (Psalmody for symphony orchestra, Koncert za klavir i orkestar (Piano concerto and Mala opera (Little Opera for chamber ensemble (septet with prominent soloist parts of flute and clarinet. Special attention is placed on different procedures used by Marinković to accomplish wholeness and integration of the musical tissue. This paper observes these pieces as examples of religious music, having in mind the composer’s own understanding of the notion. Among common characteristics of the observed works that justify this point of view are specific single movement forms and the prominent role of main thematic materials, a cyclic principle, and programmatic elements. References to Serbian church chant observed in Marinković’s instrumental works are also discussed, especially in parallel with the analogue procedures used by Ljubica Marić (1909- 2003, one of the composer’s role models. Although Marinković’s works for instrumental ensembles do not fall into the category of spiritual music in its narrow sense (as defined by the composer himself, in this paper they are nevertheless considered as “spiritual” in a broader sense, as an expression of the composer’s desire to spiritualize his entire artistic output.

  7. Acarofauna da cafeicultura de cerrado em Patrocínio, Minas Gerais Acarofauna of cerrado's coffee crops in Patrocínio, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Spongoski

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available A cultura do cafeeiro (Coffea arabica L. na região de cerrado do Estado de Minas Gerais, mais especificamente no Alto Paranaíba, está se desenvolvendo com muito sucesso. As doenças e pragas vêm causando redução na produtividade e na qualidade do café produzido. Os ácaros fitófagos fazem parte deste problema, pois causam danos econômicos. Sendo assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo o levantamento da acarofauna em cafeeiros daquela região. Foram feitas quatro amostragens de folhas, ramos e frutos, sendo duas no período das águas e duas no período de seca em 2002 e 2003. Foram identificadas três famílias de ácaros fitófagos, quatro de ácaros predadores e quatro de ácaros generalistas. As espécies de ácaros encontradas foram: Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes, 1939 (Tenuipalpidae; Oligonychus sp. (Tetranychidae; Tarsonemus confusus Ewing, 1939, Fungitarsonemus sp., Daidalotarsonemus sp., Phytonemus sp. (Tarsonemidae; Lorrya formosa Cooreman, 1958, Lorrya sp. (Tydeidae; Parapronematus acaciae Baker, 1965 (Iolinidae; Euseius concordis (Chant, 1959, Euseius citrifolius Denmark e Muma, 1970, Amblyseius herbicolus (Chant, 1959 (Phytoseiidae; Asca sp. (Ascidae; Bdella sp. (Bdellidae; Zetzellia sp. (Stigmaeidae, e espécimes da família Acaridae e da subordem Oribatida não identificadas. Trata-se do primeiro relato da ocorrência da espécie T. confusus em cafeeiro. Da família Tarsonemidae foram encontradas três novas espécies, e da família Iolinidae um novo gênero, para posterior descrição.The coffee (Coffea arabica L. growing in Cerrado areas of Patrocínio, State of Minas Gerais, more specifically in the region of Alto Paranaíba, have been expanding with success. Coffee diseases and pests result in reduction of the productivity and quality. Phytophagous mites are among the pests that cause economic damage. Therefore, this work had as objective the study of the mite fauna on coffee plants in those areas. Four surveys were

  8. Typhlodromus pyri and Euseius finlandicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) as potential biocontrol agents against spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) inhabiting willows: laboratory studies on predator development and reproduction on four diets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puchalska, Ewa K; Kozak, Marcin

    2016-01-01

    Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten and Euseius finlandicus (Oudemans) are important predators of phytophagous mites. The present laboratory study aimed to determine whether both species can develop and reach maturity feeding on spider mites occurring on willows, i.e., Schizotetranychus schizopus (Zacher), Schizotetranychus garmani Pritchard & Baker, and Tetranychus urticae Koch, and on Brassica napus L. pollen. The predators' development, reproduction and demographic parameters were significantly affected by diet. The data suggest that rape pollen can be useful in mass rearing of E. finlandicus but is completely unsuitable as alternative food for T. pyri. Short development time and high values of population parameters achieved by T. pyri feeding on larvae and protonymphs of S. schizopus and by E. finlandicus feeding on juvenile stages of S. garmani indicate great suitability of these preys as food for the phytoseiids, and make both predatory species promising biocontrol agents in spider mite control on willows.

  9. Effect of Two Isolated Vocal-facilitating Techniques Chant Talk and Pitch Inflections on the Phonation of Female Speech-language Pathology Students: A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meerschman, Iris; Bettens, Kim; Dejagere, Stefanie; Tetaert, Lieselot; D'haeseleer, Evelien; Claeys, Sofie; Van Lierde, Kristiane

    2016-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the isolated vocal-facilitating techniques Chant Talk and Pitch Inflections on the phonation of healthy female speech-language pathology (SLP) students. A multigroup pretest-posttest design was used. A homogenous group of 40 healthy female SLP students with a mean age of 18.7 years were randomly assigned into 3 groups: a Chant Talk group (practicing Chant Talk across 18 weeks), a Pitch Inflections group (practicing Pitch Inflections across 18 weeks), and a control group (practicing no facilitating techniques). To compare vocal measures before and after this time span, an identical objective voice assessment protocol (aerodynamic measurement, acoustic analysis, voice range profile, and Dysphonia Severity Index) was performed in the 3 groups. Both Chant Talk and Pitch Inflections groups resulted in a significant decrease of the acoustic measure noise-to-harmonics ratio compared with the control group. The Chant Talk group resulted in a significant increase in the acoustic measure fundamental frequency compared with the control group. The results of this pilot study suggest that the facilitating techniques Chant Talk and Pitch Inflections may improve the objective measure of breathiness (noise-to-harmonics ratio) in healthy female SLP students. Copyright © 2016 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Patrones de búsqueda y respuesta funcional del Acaro Phytoseiidae Neoseiulus anonymus (Chant & Baker, depredando a Tetranychus urticae (Koch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez Mauricio

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available Las respuestas de hembras adultas de Tetrenychus urtieae (Koch a condiciones variables de luz y topografía (reportadas
    en publicación anterior por los mismos autores. fueron comparadas con los patrones de búsqueda desarrollados por Neoseiulus anonymus (Chant & Baker bajo las mismas condiciones experimentales. Mediante la medida de tales patrones se determinó la velocidad de búsqueda y se multiplicó por el campo de percepción con el fin de  determinar el área total de búsqueda del depredador.
    En una segunda parte se examinó la respuesta funcional del depredador a varias densidades de huevos de T. urtieae (1,2,4,7,10, 13,19 Y 30 huevos por disco de hoja de rosa
    de dos centímetros de diámetro. En general el presente estudio determina los potenciales de búsqueda y depredación
    de N. anonymus y los compara con los de Amblyseius herbieolus (Chant y Neoseiulus ehilenensis (Desse determinados y publica' dos previamente.Adult female of Tetranyehus urticae (Koch response to variable conditions of light and topography (reported in a previous publication by the authors, were compared with searching panerns developed by Neoseiulus anonymus (Chant & Baker under the same experimental conditions, By determined and multiplied by the perception earnp, establishing the total searching area of the predator.
    In a second part, the predator's functional response was examined at various densities on T. urticee eggs (1,2,4,7,10,13,19 y 30 eggs per leaf disk, each with a diameter of two centimeters, offered as prev, This work determines the searching and preying potentiality of N. anonymus and compares them with Amblyseius herbieolus
    (Chant and Neoseiulus ehilenensis (Dosse determined and reported in a previous work.

  11. Comparative toxicity of pesticides in three phytoseiid mites with different life-style occurring in citrus: Euseius stipulatus, Neoseiulus californicus and Phytoseiulus persimilis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argolo, Poliane Sá; Jacas, Josep A; Urbaneja, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    Conservation and augmentative biological control strategies have been developed to take full advantage of the natural enemies that occur in Spanish citrus orchards. Among them, the predatory mites Euseius stipulatus, Neoseiulus californicus and Phytoseiulus persimilis play an important role in the biological control of tetranychid mites. However, these predatory mites are often affected by pesticides and information about the side-effects of these products against these beneficial arthropods is essential to guarantee their efficacy. The side-effects of some pesticides remain unknown and the primary aim of this study was to fill this gap. We have further used this information and that collected from other sources to compare the response of these three mite species to pesticides. Based on this information, E. stipulatus has the most tolerant species, followed by N. californicus and P. persimilis. Therefore, using E. stipulatus as an indicator species in citrus may have led to the paradox of selecting presumed selective pesticides resulting in excessive impact on N. californicus and, especially on P. persimilis. Because these two latter species are considered key for the biological control of T. urticae in citrus, especially clementines, in Spain, we propose to use P. persimilis as the relevant indicator of such effects on predacious mites occurring in citrus instead of E. stipulatus. This change could have a dramatic impact on the satisfactory control of tetranychid mites in citrus in the near future.

  12. SERENA FACCI - GABRIELLA SANTINI, Chants d’Italie. Pour chanter ensemble de 8 à 14 ans, Paris, Cité de la musique, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Cimardi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Realizzato nell’ambito del progetto «Traditions chantées» della Cité de la musique, Chants d’Italie si struttura in due parti: un’introduzione al contesto storico-linguistico italiano e una sezione in cui sono analizzati ed elaborati didatticamente dieci canti della tradizione popolare italiana. Corredato di un CD audio, il volume di Facci e Santini fornisce dunque dei modelli di percorsi didattici sui canti del folklore italiano per studenti di scuola primaria e media francesi.

  13. Chants of the Byzantine Rite: the Italo-Albanian Tradition in Sicily / Canti Ecclesiastici della Tradizione Italo-Albanese in Sicilia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsgård, Christian; Garofalo, Girolamo

    by the Albanian-speaking minority in Sicily since their ancestors arrived as refugees from the Balkans in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. The actual transcriber, Bartolomeo Di Salvo (1916–1986), was a Basilian monk and music researcher at Grottaferrata. His transcriptions in staff notation......, including an account of the few written documents that have been identified (the oldest dating from 1899); while Christian Troelsgård offers an essay on the importance of this ‘Arbëresh’ chant repertory in the broader perspective of Byzantine chant studies. This collection testifies to the continuation...

  14. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Intervention in Long-Term Aphasia Post-Stroke: The Experience from CHANT (Communication Hub for Aphasia in North Tyneside)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mumby, Katharyn; Whitworth, Anne

    2012-01-01

    Background: Despite recognition of the need for increased long-term support for people with aphasia following stroke, there remains limited evidence for effective service-level interventions. Aims: To evaluate the outcomes and experiences of people participating in the Communication Hub for Aphasia in North Tyneside (CHANT), a 2-year partnership…

  15. Plantas de ocorrência espontânea como substratos alternativos para fitoseídeos (Acari, Phytoseiidae em cultivos de seringueira Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae Weeds as alternative substrates to phytoseiids (Acari, Phytoseiidae in rubber tree Hevea brasilienis, Muell. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae cultivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Roberto Bellini

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar as espécies de plantas espontâneas em áreas de cultivo de seringueira que poderiam servir com reservatório de ácaros predadores. O trabalho foi conduzido em Olímpia, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, em dois cultivos de seringueira. A cada três meses, cerca de 1.000 cm³ de folhas de cada uma das cinco espécies de plantas espontâneas dominantes em cada cultivo foi tomada para determinar os fitoseídeos. Como as plantas espontâneas dominantes variaram durante o estudo, um total de 20 espécies foi verificado. Somente Cecropia sp. foi dominante em todo estudo, em ambos os cultivos. Um total de 336 fitoseídeos pertencentes às seguintes espécies foi encontrado: Euseius citrifolius Denmark & Muma, 1970, E. concordis (Chant, 1959, Galendromus annectens (DeLeon, 1958, Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma, 1972, Neoseiulus anonymus (Chant & Baker, 1965 e N. tunus (DeLeon, 1967. E. citrifolius (189 espécimes e N. tunus (138 espécimes foram os mais abundantes. A maior abundância (231espécimes e diversidade (5 espécies foram observadas sobre Cecropia sp. Sobre esta planta foi encontrado o maior número de ácaros por amostra (29 espécimes, seguida por Piper duncum Linnaeus (22, Guarea sp. (18 e Ageratum conyzoides Linnaeus (12. E. citrifolius tem sido determinado como um dos ácaros predadores mais abundantes sobre seringueiras cultivadas na região onde este trabalho foi conduzido. Cecropia sp. parece ser uma das plantas espontâneas mais importantes consideradas como reservatório de E. citrifolius porque está continuamente presente nos cultivos. Estudos complementares poderiam indicar a viabilidade de se manejar esta planta nas áreas de cultivo de seringueira para permitir o controle biológico dos ácaros-praga desta cultura.The objective of this study was to determine weed species of rubber tree cultivation areas that could serve as reservoirs of predatory mites. The work was conducted in Ol

  16. A Quantitative Comparison of Chrysanthine Theory and Performance Practice of Scale Tuning, Steps, and Prominence of the Octoechos in Byzantine Chant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Panteli, Maria; Purwins, Hendrik

    2013-01-01

    as the frame of the first tetra- chord is more consistent with the theory than the VI. and the VII. scale degree. In practice, smaller scale degree steps (67-133 cents) appear to be increased and the highest scale step of 333 cents appears to be decreased compared to theory. In practice, the first four scale......Byzantine Chant performance practice is computationally compared to the Chrysanthine theory of the eight Byzantine Tones (octoechos). Intonation, steps, and prominence of scale degrees are quantified, based on pitch class profiles. The novel procedure introduced here comprises the following...

  17. Effect of listening to Vedic chants and Indian classical instrumental music on patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: A randomized control trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padam, Anita; Sharma, Neetu; Sastri, O S K S; Mahajan, Shivani; Sharma, Rajesh; Sharma, Deepak

    2017-01-01

    A high level of preoperative anxiety is common among patients undergoing medical and surgical procedures. Anxiety impacts of gastroenterological procedures on psychological and physiological responses are worth consideration. To analyze the effect of listening to Vedic chants and Indian classical instrumental music on anxiety levels and on blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. A prospective, randomized controlled trial was done on 199 patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy. On arrival, their anxiety levels were assessed using state and trait scores and various physiological parameters such as HR, BP, and SpO2. Patients were randomly divided into three groups: Group I of 67 patients who were made to listen prerecorded Vedic chants for 10 min, Group II consisting of 66 patients who listened to Indian classical instrumental music for 10 min, and Group III of 66 controls who remained seated for same period in the same environment. Thereafter, their anxiety state scores and physiological parameters were reassessed. A significant reduction in anxiety state scores was observed in the patients in Group I (from 40.4 ± 8.9 to 38.5 ± 10.7; P Indian classical instrumental music has beneficial effects on alleviating anxiety levels induced by apprehension of invasive procedures and can be of therapeutic use.

  18. Exus e Pombas-Giras: o masculino e o feminino nos pontos cantados da umbanda "Exus" and "Pombas-Giras": the male and female in umbanda chants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Roberto Afonso do Nascimento

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo a caracterização dos Exus e Pombas-Giras, através dos pontos cantados da Umbanda, considerando aspectos que remetem a uma configuração mais ampla de componentes do imaginário social brasileiro. Foram submetidas à Análise de Conteúdo 221 letras de pontos de Exu e Pomba-Gira. Os pontos de Exu contêm maior freqüência de menções relacionadas à descrição de poder e funções atribuídas a essa entidade (31,6% das respostas e à sua identificação e saudação (22,4%. Os pontos de Pomba-Gira apresentam mais freqüentemente a descrição de poder/funções atribuídas (30,23% das respostas e a caracterização da entidade (30,23%. Os resultados possibilitam relacionar as características das entidades aos papéis socialmente esperados de homens e mulheres. Exu é representado pela liberdade, força e, principalmente, pelo trabalho. Pomba-Gira é representada através de atributos considerados típicos do sexo feminino, como beleza e sensualidade, e também pelo trabalho. Os dados remetem a uma análise que procura a articulação entre fatores raciais e de classe social presentes na sociedade brasileira e as características definidoras das entidades, identificadas nos pontos.The aim of the present paper is the characterization of the Exus (male entities, loosely associated with the devil and Pombas-Giras (female entities, the counterparts of the Exus in the singing chants of the Umbanda religion, focusing on aspects, which relate to a broader configuration of components of the Brazilian social imagery. Two hundred and twenty one lyrics of Exu and Pomba-Gira chants were subjected to Content Analysis. Exu chants have a higher frequency of citations related to the description of power and functions attributed to this entity (31.6% of the answers and to identification and greeting (22.4%. Pomba-Gira chants present most frequently the description of attributed power/functions (30.23% of the responses

  19. The symphonic music of the national schools in 20th century Europe in the repertoire of the Philharmonic of Cluj (1955-1989. Creative perspectives of C. Silvestri’s Chants Nostalgiques op. 27 no. 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Spiridon

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The present work focuses on the national cultures of the early 20th century in several European countries, such as Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Spain, Russia and Romania. Since my PhD thesis analyses the evolution of the Philharmonic “Transilvania”of Cluj between 1955-1989, there will be a thorough statistic of the concerts which were held during that period in which the orchestra performed musical pieces of the composers mentioned in this essay. For some concerts, there will also be stated the date when the concert took place, as well as the conductor who was invited to Cluj. There will also be an analysis of a piano work of the Romanian composer Constantin Silvestri (Chants Nostalgiques op. 27 no. 1 which I personally played a few years ago. The study will contain a musical bibliography, as well as several footnotes stating the documents found in the archives of the Philharmonic of Cluj.

  20. Canto Gregoriano: redutor de ansiedade de mães com filhos hospitalizados El Canto Gregoriano: reductor de la ansiedad de madres con hijos hospitalizados Gregorian chant: reducing anxiety of mothers with hospitalized children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Almeida

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a presença de alteração do estado de ansiedade das mães de crianças hospitalizadas com a audição de canto Gregoriano. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa descritiva, exploratória, correlacional com análise quantitativa, quase experimental. A coleta dos dados foi realizada no período de julho de 2009 a fevereiro de 2010. A amostra inicial foi de 71 mães e destas 28 concluíram todas as etapas da pesquisa. RESULTADOS: O uso do canto Gregoriano diminuiu o estado de ansiedade das mães de crianças hospitalizadas em um hospital pediátrico de atenção quaternária acomodadas em quartos individuais. CONCLUSÃO: É necessário investigar os possíveis efeitos do canto Gregoriano em outros ambientes do hospital e em outras formas de acomodação do cliente.OBJETIVO: Verificar la presencia de alteración del estado de ansiedad de las madres de niños hospitalizados con la audición del canto Gregoriano. MÉTODOS: Investigación descriptiva, exploratoria, correlacional con análisis cuantitativa, cuasi experimental. La recolección de los datos se realizó en el período de julio del 2009 a febrero del 2010. La muestra inicial fue de 71 madres y de éstas 28 concluyeron todas las etapas de la investigación. RESULTADOS: El uso del canto Gregoriano disminuyó el estado de ansiedad de las madres de niños hospitalizados en un hospital pediátrico de atención cuaternaria ubicados en cuartos individuales. CONCLUSIÓN: Es necesario investigar los posibles efectos del canto Gregoriano en otros ambientes del hospital y en otras formas de acomodación del cliente.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Gregorian chant changes the state of anxiety of mothers with hospitalized children. METHODS: This study was descriptive, exploratory, and correlational with quasi-experimental, quantitative analysis. Data collection was completed during the period of July 2009 to February 2010. RESULTS: Seventy-one mothers were investigated, with 28 mothers meeting all of

  1. La moisson des Argonautiques et la poétique d’Apollonios dans le chant III Harvesting in Argonautica and Apollonios' poetics in book III La mietitura delle Argonautiche e la poetica di Apollonio nel canto III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Létoublon

    2013-05-01

    to correspond to no Homeric scheme, as if narrating this untold ordeal had the result of freeing Apollonius more and more from his dependance to Homer.Un examen détaillé des comparaisons du chant III des Argonautiques par rapport aux comparaisons homériques montre qu’Apollonios s’inspire très fortement de ses modèles, dans la forme et dans le lexique en particulier. La plupart du temps pourtant, il détourne les comparaisons homériques de leur contexte d’origine pour les remodeler à son dessein personnel. Dans la première partie du chant III, les comparaisons servent une volonté commune de montrer les troubles que l’amour apporte dans l’âme et le comportement de Médée. Dans la seconde, les épreuves de Jason donnent lieu de manière surprenante à des images guerrières pour décrire les préparatifs, mais ensuite, Apollonios a recours à un registre artisanal et agricole pour évoquer des tâches qui effectivement consistent en un attelage, un labour, un semis et une moisson. Le plus remarquable est que plusieurs comparaisons groupées vers la fin du chant ne semblent répondre à aucun modèle homérique, comme si le récit de cette épreuve inédite avait peu à peu libéré Apollonios de sa dépendance par rapport à Homère.

  2. Life Table Parameters and Consumption Rate of Cydnodromus picanus Ragusa, Amblyseius graminis Chant, and Galendromus occidentalis (Nesbitt on Avocado Red Mite Oligonychus yothersi (McGregor (Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae Parámetros de Tabla de Vida y Tasa de Consumo de Cydnodromus picanus Ragusa, Amblyseius graminis Chant y Galendromus occidentalis (Nesbitt, sobre la Arañita Roja del Palto Oligonychus yothersi (McGregor (Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tommy Rioja S

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The avocado red mite Oligonychus yothersi (McGregor is the major leaf pest in Chile’s avocado orchards. Itaffects leaf physiology and makes it necessary to seek new natural enemies to interact with low population densities of O. yothersi. The potentiality of three predator mites: Cydnodromus picanus Ragusa, Amblyseius graminis Chant, and Galendromus occidentalis (Nesbitt was evaluated under laboratory conditions (27 ± 1.93ºC, 87 ± 3.61% H.R. and 16:8 (L:D photoperiod on avocado leaf disks Persea americana Mill. var. Hass (Ø = 5 cm by separately feeding eggs, immature, and adult females of O. yothersi, and registering postembryonic development, consumption, as well as life table parameters. The postembryonic development of C. picanus was significantly lower (5.46 days compared to both A. graminis (7.33 days and G. occidentalis (8.69 days which were fed with immature O. yothersi. The life table parameters of C. picanus were net reproductive rate R0 = 25.41, finite rate of increase λ = 1.29, and Mean Generation Time T = 12.46. The Net Intrinsic Rate of Increase (r m was significantly higher for C. picanus (r m = 0.25 in contrast with G. occidentalis (r m = 0.19, while A. graminis showed r m = -0.06 indicating that its population didn’t have descendants. Under laboratory conditions, r m registered by C. picanus is an indicator of its predatory potential to control O. Yothersi. It can be assumed that the pest population reduction pattern could be maintained under field conditions.En Chile la arañita roja del palto Oligonychus yothersi (McGregor es la plaga más importante a nivel foliar en huertos comerciales afectando la fisiología de la hoja, siendo necesario la búsqueda de nuevos enemigos naturales que interactúen a bajas densidades poblacionales de O. yothersi. Se evaluó en condiciones de laboratorio (27±1,93ºC, 87±3,61 % H.R. y un fotoperíodo de 16:8 (L:O sobre discos de hojas de palto Persea americana Mill. var. Hass (Ø = 5

  3. AHP 47: CHANTING, HERDING, AND CARRYING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangs rgyas bkra shis སངས་རྒྱས་བཀྲ་ཤིས།

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available heard many Uncle Ston pa stories from my neighbor's uncle, Lhun 'grub, my father's second sister's father-in-law. He was well-known for his eloquence and settled many conflicts between villagers. My parents drove our livestock to distant pastures and lived in a tent for much of the year. Grandmother took care of our house, other property, and my brother and me when we were children. Uncle Lhun 'grub and his nieces took care of their family's property. He and Grandmother were of the same generation, and grew up in the same community. He often came to my home, we ate together, and he and Grandmother talked about the past. ...

  4. Candy Bar Chants, Mozart Maps: Creativity in Your Choral Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Laurie

    2003-01-01

    Focuses on how music teachers can make choral rehearsals more interesting for students by incorporating creative lessons and activities. Explores what it means to be creative and includes examples of creative lessons that can be used in the choral rehearsal. (CMK)

  5. Territory and nest defence in polyandrous pale chanting goshawks ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1996-02-19

    Feb 19, 1996 ... EMLEN, S.T. & WREGE, P.H. 1994. Gender, status and family fortunes in the white-fronted bee-eater. Nature 367: 129-132. FAA BORG. J. & BEDNARZ, l.C. 1990. Galapagos and Harris' hawks: divergent causes of sociality in two raptors. In: Cooperative breeding in birds, (eds.) P.B. Stacey & W.D. Koenig.

  6. Analyzing Taliban taranas (Chants): An Effective Afghan Propaganda Artifact

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    37- 41 Mortimer Street , London W1T 3JH, UK Small Wars & Insurgencies Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription...look good with the weapon and Moswak [ herbal toothbrush] but not chewing gum and chocolate. Oh youth, Take the RPG on your shoulders. Oh youth, quit...the streets are full of non-believers. My country is my belief. Whoever further destroys our country, Allah may give them punishment in the hell. I am

  7. Ecology and distribution ofof Euseius finlandicus (Parasitiformes, Phytoseiidae in garden phytocenoses of Transcarpathian region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. V. Shtymak

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the ecology and distribution of the species Eu. finlandicus Oudemans, 1915 (Parasitiformes, Phytoseiidae in the garden phytocenoses of Transcarpathian region. In Ukraine, such studies were conducted for the Forest-Steppe zone. The mites were collected during the period of 2012–2014. In total, nine settlements of Transcarpathian region were studied. On the researched territory Eu. finlandicus inhabits at least 26 species of plants. For the first time, the status of the species Eu. finlandicus is determined in acaro-complexes of the family Phytoseiidae in garden phytocenoses of Transcarpathian region. The indices of occurrence and dominance for this species are calculated. Species of plants on which Eu. finlandicus is present in garden phytocenoses of Transcarpathian region are described. Results of the study suggest that Eu. finlandicus is a common species in garden phytocenoses of Transcarpathian region. The results can become the theoretical basis for development of schemes aimed at enhancing the protective function of useful mites in phytocenoses of the Uzhgorod district.

  8. Can exotic phytoseiids be considered 'benevolent invaders' in perennial cropping systems?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palevsky, Eric; Gerson, Uri; Zhang, Zhi-Qiang

    2013-02-01

    Numerous natural enemies were adopted worldwide for the control of major pests, including exotic phytoseiid species (Acari: Mesostigmata: Phytoseiidae) that had been moved from continent to continent in protected and perennial agricultural systems. However, relatively fewer successes were recorded in perennial agricultural systems. In this manuscript we focus on the question: Can and will exotic phytoseiids provide better pest control than indigenous species in perennial agricultural systems? To answer this question, we review the efficacy of biological control efforts with phytoseiids in several case studies, where exotic and indigenous species were used against pests on indigenous host plants and some crops that were historically or recently introduced. Related factors affecting predator establishment, such as intraguild predation and pesticide effects are discussed, as well as the potential negative effects of exotic species releases on biological control and their impact on the indigenous natural fauna. On citrus, apple, grape and cassava exotic phytoseiids have enhanced biological control without negatively affecting indigenous species of natural enemies, except for the case of Euseius stipulatus (Athias-Henriot) on citrus that displaced Euseius hibisci (Chant) in a limited region of coastal California, USA, the latter considered to be an inferior biocontrol agent of Panonychus citri Koch. Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot on gorse, an invasive weed, is perhaps the only recorded case of a negative effect of an established exotic phytoseiid on biological control.

  9. AHP 4: na53 mʑi53 Tibetan Songs, Engagement Chants, and Flute Music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LIBU LAKHI (LI JIANFU 李建富, DAWA TENZIN ཟླ་བ་བསྟན་འཛིན།

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study is a straightforward, pragmatic attempt to document the particulars of na53 mi53 song and musical traditions comprising the local 'performance-scape'. The primary researcher, Libu Lakhi, is a native of the community who was trained in a specialized mode of auto-ethnography developed by Charles Kevin Stuart and Gerald Roche at Qinghai Normal University 青海师范大学, Xining City 西宁市, Qinghai Province 青海省. Drawing on ethnomusicology, socio-linguistics, and the 'performance' school of folkloristics, the model is intended to enable local peoples to document and display their own traditions in a form available to scholars and interested persons on a global scale.

  10. "The Tools of Your Chants and Spells": Stories of Madwomen and Indian Practical Healing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    A longstanding trope in Indian psychiatry, and in popular representations of it, involves the efficacy of incantations and exorcism in healing afflictions of the mind, notably hysteria. In many accounts, from nineteenth century medical journals to twenty-first century popular films, a medicine deemed at once 'Western' and universal is granted the ability to diagnose neurotic afflictions, but rendered incapable of curing them, while bodily techniques referred to as 'Indian' are granted efficacy. In this article, I explore the subtleties and implications of this recurrent knowledge paradigm. I argue that a particular arrangement-one in which difference is established through equivalence-undergirds the terms by which medicine comes to be viewed as a cultural encounter. As these progressive formulations are often founded on stories about women's madness, I ask, what are the implications of an arguably pragmatic ethos founded on an uneven-and deeply gendered-resolution to postcolonial knowledge problems?

  11. “Writing” and “Reference” in Ifá Divination Chants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adélékè Adéẹ̀kọ́

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The 256 graphic inscriptions (odù, and the infinite number of illustrative narratives (ẹsẹ that they generate, constitute the two main parts of Ifá divination protocols. However, the narratives do not adhere coherently to durable patterns that attach to specific inscriptions. This paper argues that the storytelling freedom exercised by diviners decouples interpretation from “writing” and creates room for individually authored therapeutic commentaries. “Writing” links the present to the past, but storytelling keeps them apart.

  12. Nest site selection of the Southern Pale Chanting Goshawk in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The birds also nested mainly in irregular and dome-shaped trees, a selection that differed from the dominant shapes of random trees. Most nests were placed in the centre of the trees and thorns and shoots covered the main stem of 68% of nest trees. In spite of these preferences, only nest height and — to a lesser extent ...

  13. Edward Burne-Jones’ Art and Music: A Chant of Love

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana De Girolami Cheney

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This essay examines Edward Burne-Jones’ (August 28, 1833–June 17, 1898 artistic concepts of ut pictura poesis (as is painting, so is poetry and ut pictura musica (as is painting so is music, a comparison of poetry, music, and painting depicted in his imagery of the Female Musician of 1866 (at the Whitworth Art Gallery in Manchester, UK, Fig. 1, and Music of 1877 (at the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, UK, Fig. 2.  The comparison or paragone between music and art is viewed here in two ways: 1 in a natural realm as an expression of love for a muse, Maria Cassavetti Zambaco; and 2 in a metaphysical realm as a vehicle of artist expression for depicting beauty. Painting and music are then poetical guidance for Burne-Jones’ manifestation of love. Maria is Burne-Jones’ model, muse, and sorceress. His paintings are depictions of musical scenes that capture a poetical world of ardent and endless love, as well the world of the senses, a physical realm, and the world of aesthetics, a metaphysical realm.

  14. Mites in assai palms (Euterpe oleracea Mart. conducted under different cropping systems = Acarofauna em açaizeiro (Euterpe oleracea Mart. conduzido em diferentes sistemas de cultivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Aguiar Rodrigues

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The assai palm (Euterpe oleracea is the most important palm tree of the genus Euterpe known in Brazil, which is grown under monocrop and intercrop systems. Despite its great usefulness, this palm tree is important for supplying two cost-effective food products, the fruit and the palm hearts. Due to its importance, the aim of this study was to carry out a survey of mite fauna present in assai crops in the town of São Luis, in the State of Maranhão, Brazil. Samples were collected monthly from August 2012 to July 2013, in assai groves under two systems of cultivation: monocrop and intercrop. A faunistic analysis was carried out using the ANAFAU software, when the following indices were determined: abundance, frequency, dominance, constancy and diversity. A total of 6,274 mites were found, with 4,748 in the intercrop system and 1,526 in the monocrop system. Among the occurrence of phytophagic mites, the families Tenuipalpidae and Tetranychidae were significant in both crops. For the families of predatory mites, the phytoseiid was considered super-dominant, super-abundant, super-frequent and constant; the species Amblyseius largoensis, Euseius concordis and Iphiseiodes zuluagai were dominant under both cropping systems, but the intercrop displayed greater diversity compared to the monocrop. For population dynamics, larger populations of mites were seen in periods of low rainfall under the two systems studied. = O açaizeiro (Euterpe oleraceae é a mais importante palmeira do gênero Euterpe conhecida no Brasil, que é cultivada em sistemas de cultivo solteiro e consorciado. Apesar da grande utilidade, esta palmeira se destaca no fornecimento de dois produtos alimentares economicamente rentáveis, os frutos e o palmito. Em razão da sua importância, objetivou-se com este trabalho realizar o levantamento da acarofauna presente em cultivos de açaizeiro no município de São Luís - Maranhão. As amostragens foram realizadas mensalmente, no per

  15. Les chants populaires grecs de la côte égéenne What represents the popular song in Minor Asia, and especially near the Aegean coast? Τα ελληνικά λαικά τραγούδια των μικρασιατικών παραλιών

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Nazloglou

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Considérées comme la « mémoire » des terres ancestrales perdues, les chants sont à la fois témoignages et expression, produit des classes moyennes et inférieures urbaines grecques, nées dans une population cosmopolite, non seulement à Smyrne, mais aussi dans les autres cités de l’Asie Mineure, et dans le développement économique et culturel d’Asie Mineure des années 1880-1922. Nous pouvons lire à travers elles une société avec ses conventions, sa morale, vivante, omniprésente jusqu’en 1922, et elles transmettent une forme de l’hellénisme ionien. Elles sont un matériau pour une étude musicologique et permettent aussi d’approcher les mentalités, les comportements, les problèmes et l’évolution des « petites patries », elles présentent une évocation, des images de Smyrne, des rivages de l’Égée et de la mer, de la vie quotidienne, collective comme privée, d’une population importante.The settlement of the population is cosmopolitan, not only in Smyrna, but also in the other Ionian cities. Regarded as a “memory” of the last fatherlands, the songs are their testimony and expression, product of the urban Greek lower middle class growing up in the micrasiatic economical and cultural development of the years 1880-1922. We can read through it a society with its conventions, morals as it is found alive, omnipresent, till 1922, and transmits a form of Ionian Hellenism. It is a material for musicology study but allows also an approach of mentalities, behaviors, problems and evolutions of the “small patries” and presents evocation, images of Smyrna, the Aegean shores and the sea, the daily life, collective as private of an important population.Μνήμη των προγονικών χαμένων πατρίδων, τα λαῖκά τραγούδια αποτελούν συγχρόνως μαρτυρία και ἐκφραση των μεσαίων και κατωτέρων τάξεων της ε

  16. Influence of the webbing produced by Oligonychus ilicis (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae) on associated predatory phytoseiids; Influencia da teia de Oligonychus ilicis (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae) sobre os fitoseideos predadores associados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franco, Renato A. [Bioagri Laboratorios Ltda., Piracicaba, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: r.franco@bioagri.com.br; Reis, Paulo R. [Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria de Minas Gerais (EPAMIG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Ecocentro], e-mail: paulo.rebelles@epamig.ufla.br; Zacarias, Mauricio S. [EMBRAPA Cafe, Lavras, MG (Brazil)], e-mail: zacarias@epamig.ufla.br; Oliveira, Daniel C. [Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA), MG (Brazil)

    2010-01-15

    Oligonychus ilicis (McGregor) is among those mite species that can cause damage to coffee plants (Coffea spp.). Species of Phytoseiidae acari are considered the most important and studied predatory mites. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the webbing produced by O. ilicis on its predation by females of the phytoseiids Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark and Muma, Euseius citrifolius Denmark and Muma and Amblyseius herbicolus (Chant). Four bioassays were conducted, with three treatments and ten replicates. Each replicate consisted of 25 O. ilicis per experimental unit (a leaf disc of Coffea arabica) according to the tested developmental stage, in independent experiments. To spin the web, 15 adult females were put on each experimental unit for 24h; females were then removed, leaving only the web, and predators and prey to be tested were introduced. Predation was assessed after 24h. In the presence of webbing, the consumption of eggs, larvae and nymphs by I. zuluagai and eggs and larvae by E. citrifolius was lower. For A. herbicolus, egg predation was lower, but larval predation did not vary significantly and predation of nymphs and adults was higher in the presence of webbing. Predators as a whole were more efficient consuming larvae regardless of the presence of webbing. Considering the stages of O. ilicis altogether, webbing reduced the predation potential of I. zuluagai and E. citrifolius, but not of A. herbicolus. (author)

  17. [Influence of the webbing produced by Oligonychus ilicis (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae) on associated predatory phytoseiids].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco, Renato A; Reis, Paulo R; Zacarias, Mauricio S; Oliveira, Daniel C

    2010-01-01

    Oligonychus ilicis (McGregor) is among those mite species that can cause damage to coffee plants (Coffea spp.). Species of Phytoseiidae acari are considered the most important and studied predatory mites. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the webbing produced by O.ilicis on its predation by females of the phytoseiids Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma, Euseius citrifolius Denmark & Muma and Amblyseius herbicolus (Chant). Four bioassays were conducted, with three treatments and ten replicates. Each replicate consisted of 25 O.ilicis per experimental unit (a leaf disc of Coffea arabica) according to the tested developmental stage, in independent experiments. To spin the web, 15 adult females were put on each experimental unit for 24h; females were then removed, leaving only the web, and predators and prey to be tested were introduced. Predation was assessed after 24h. In the presence of webbing, the consumption of eggs, larvae and nymphs by I.zuluagai and eggs and larvae by E.citrifolius was lower. For A.herbicolus, egg predation was lower, but larval predation did not vary significantly and predation of nymphs and adults was higher in the presence of webbing. Predators as a whole were more efficient consuming larvae regardless of the presence of webbing. Considering the stages of O.ilicis altogether, webbing reduced the predation potential of I.zuluagai and E. citrifolius, but not of A. herbicolus.

  18. Quand Berlin chante en francais: Une experience de promotion linguistique (When Berlin Sings in French: An Experiment in Linguistic Promotion).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilhion, Roger; And Others

    1984-01-01

    A six-month French language promotion program in West Berlin revolving around French song and including interclass competitions, a teaching seminar, recitals, conferences, film showings, and an exposition is described, and participant and observer reactions are presented. (MSE)

  19. An Analysis of Content Delivery Systems Using Speaking Voice, Speaking with Repetition Voice, Chanting Voice, and Singing Voice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Karen R.; Kersh, Mildred E.; Masztal, Nancy B.

    This study investigated the way kindergarten classroom teachers delivered information to students to see if it affected the amount of information students could remember about the solar system. The study also examined whether this difference would be related to the degree of musical aptitude possessed by each student. The students were pretested…

  20. Fitoseídeos (Acari: Phytoseiidae associados a cafezais e fragmentos florestais vizinhos Phytoseiids (Acari: Phytoseiidae associated to coffee plantations and adjacent forest fragments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ester Azevedo Silva

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Existem poucas informações sobre a fauna de ácaros predadores (Phytoseiidae em ambientes naturais brasileiros adjacentes a agroecossistemas cafeeiros (Coffea spp. ou sobre a influência que essa vegetação exerce como reservatório de ácaros predadores. Neste estudo, objetivou-se avaliar a diversidade destes organismos em cafeeiros e fragmentos florestais adjacentes. Coletaram-se amostras das espécies Calyptranthes clusiifolia (Miq. O. Berg (Myrtaceae, Esenbeckia febrifuga (A. St.-Hil. A. Juss. ex Mart. (Rutaceae, Metrodorea stipularis Mart. (Rutaceae e Allophylus semidentatus (Miq. Radlk. (Sapindaceae, em oito fragmentos florestais, de 5 a 51 ha, e cafezais adjacentes, nos meses de junho (final período chuvoso e outubro (final período seco nos anos 2004 e 2005, na região Sul do Estado de Minas Gerais. Ácaros foram extraídos das folhas, utilizando o método de lavagem e, em seguida, montados em lâminas de microscopia em meio de Hoyer, para identificação específica. No total foram identificados 2.348 fitoseídeos, sendo 2.090 nos fragmentos florestais e 258 espécimes nos cafezais adjacentes, pertencentes a 38 espécies. Servindo-se de análise faunística, a espécie Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma, 1972 apresentou os melhores índices no agroecossistema cafeeiro, sendo muito frequente e constante nas épocas estudadas. Nos fragmentos florestais Amblyseius herbicolus Chant, 1959, Iphiseiodes affs. neonobilis Denmark & Muma, 1978, Leonseius regularis DeLeon, 1965 e Euseius alatus DeLeon, 1966 foram dominantes, muito abundantes, muito frequentes e constantes nas épocas estudadas. Podemos concluir que a vegetação nativa abriga ácaros predadores, inimigos naturais de ácaros-praga, que ocorrem na cultura cafeeira, possibilitando o desenvolvimento de programas de manejo ecológico com áreas de vegetação natural e agroecossistemas cafeeiros adjacentes.There is little information about the fauna of predatory mites

  1. Satan et la révolution dans Paradise Lost de Milton traduit par Chateaubriand : Commentaire traductologique du discours de Satan (chant I : vers 622-663

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurélie Renault

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available When Chateaubriand translated Paradise Lost by Milton, he revolutionized the universe of translation by offering a perfect imitation of Milton‘s work. Indeed, he used to call this device “traduire à la vitre”, which means providing a transparent translation. This way, he remained faithful to the strangeness of the English language and refused any adaptation. However, the translation of a work which to some values related to the English revolution by an author who left for London during the French revolution raises several questions: could the “Enchanteur” get rid of his stylistic prints? Didn’t he leave his imprint on Milton’s style? Was the positive side of Satan, assimilated to Freedom, completely depicted in the translation of a counter-revolutionary author? The analysis of Chateaubriand’s translation of Satan’s speech to his troops when the paradise is lost gives an answer to all these questions.

  2. Un chant déraciné ? La poésie bourguignonne d’expression française face à Charles Quint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estelle Doudet

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Avec le départ de Charles Quint pour l’Espagne, la littérature de cour bourguignonne entre dans une double crise : le prince est désormais absent ; les écrivains ne possèdent plus le prestigieux statut d’historien et de poète officiel dont ont joui leurs prédécesseurs. À l’occasion de la victoire de Pavie en 1525, Julien Fossetier rédige De la glorieuse victoire divinement obtenue devant Pavie par l’empereur Charles Quint et Nicaise Ladam le Memoire de l’Aigle et de la Salamandre. Une étude comparée de ces deux œuvres permet d’interroger les stratégies d’adresses des poètes à leur lointain destinataire, les récritures par lesquelles ils travaillent l’héritage encomiastique bourguignon et se confrontent à la littérature contemporaine venue de France. Chanter Charles en héritier bourguignon, le rêver en monarque universel donne à la langue française sa place dans la culture littéraire impériale, celle d’un terrain d’affrontements avec les écrivains du royaume voisin. Il s’y dessine une culture francophone aujourd’hui méconnue.Con la partida de Carlos V para España, la literatura de la corte borgoñona entra en una doble crisis: el príncipe se ha vuelto ausente; los escritores ya no ostentan el prestigioso estatus de historiador y de poeta oficial del que gozaron sus predecesores. Con la victoria de Pavía, en 1525, Julien Fossetier compone De la glorieuse victoire divinement obtenue devant Pavie par l’empereur Charles Quint y Nicaise Ladam el Memoire de l’Aigle et de la Salamandre. Un careo de ambas obras permite analizar las estrategias de los poetas al dirigirse a su lejano destinatario, las rescrituras a las que someten la herencia encomiástica borgoñona y el modo en que rivalizan con la literatura contemporánea que les viene de Francia. Cantar a Carlos como heredero de Borgoña, soñarle como monarca universal, confiere a la lengua francesa su lugar en la cultura literaria imperial, que constituye un terreno de enfrentamiento con los escritores del reino vecino. Se dibuja, así, una cultura francófona hoy día desconocida.

  3. Histoire du manuscrit médiéval, transmission des textes, des chants, compositions peintes et décors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Russo

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre du programme pédagogique d’étude du manuscrit 1 de la Bibliothèque municipale de Semur-en-Auxois, provenant de l’abbaye de Saint-Jean de Réome (Moutiers-Saint-Jean , l’année écoulée a été l’occasion de s’intéresser, entre autres, aux manuscrits, qui, par leur typologie ou par les textes transcrits, viennent, soutenir compléter et élargir la réflexion en vue de la compréhension de la première partie du manuscrit de Réome (fol. 0r-69v. Le manuscrit 1 de Semur-en-Auxois peut être...

  4. La influencia de la épica de África central en Le chant de So de Richard M. Keuko

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Enrique Montes Nogales

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available For his last novel, Cameroonian writer Richard M. Keuko, drew inspiration from African traditions and, chiefly, from epic narratives originating in Central Africa that continue to spark great interest in local communities. The protagonist of the story fleshes out the specific traits of the epic hero, which is why the narrator, following suit the ancient bards’ tradition, emphasizes his courage, strength, pride and moral superiority. Further features such as the dialogic structure of the text –which enables the narrator to address the reader directly– and the inclusion of a number of oral texts, rally this work with the epic genre.

  5. Siegfried face au chant de l'Oiseau : Effets des interactions précoces et quête des origines à l'adolescence

    OpenAIRE

    Rabain, Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    International audience; This paper presents a dialogue between a work by Wagner and psychoanalysis. On one side, Siegfried – as an allegory for adolescence – enchanted by the enigmatic song of the Bird; on the other, some psychoanalytic concepts stemming from clinical work with adolescents. The libretto and the music of the second act of Siegfried are discussed here from two perspectives: first, the revival of the early bond to the primary object and the resurgence of archaic anxieties; and s...

  6. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , euseius kenyae (acari: phytoseiidae) to chlorpyrifos (dursban ®) in kenyan coffee farms. Abstract. ISSN: 1561-7645. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL ...

  7. The interaction of two-spotted spider mites, Tetranychus urticae Koch, with Cry protein production and predation by Amblyseius andersoni (Chant) in Cry1Ac/Cry2Ab cotton and Cry1F maize.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Yan-Yan; Tian, Jun-Ce; Shi, Wang-Peng; Dong, Xue-Hui; Romeis, Jörg; Naranjo, Steven E; Hellmich, Richard L; Shelton, Anthony M

    2016-02-01

    Crops producing insecticidal crystal (Cry) proteins from the bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), are an important tool for managing lepidopteran pests on cotton and maize. However, the effects of these Bt crops on non-target organisms, especially natural enemies that provide biological control services, are required to be addressed in an environmental risk assessment. Amblyseius andersoni (Acari: Phytoseiidae) is a cosmopolitan predator of the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae), a significant pest of cotton and maize. Tri-trophic studies were conducted to assess the potential effects of Cry1Ac/Cry2Ab cotton and Cry1F maize on life history parameters (survival rate, development time, fecundity and egg hatching rate) of A. andersoni. We confirmed that these Bt crops have no effects on the biology of T. urticae and, in turn, that there were no differences in any of the life history parameters of A. andersoni when it fed on T. urticae feeding on Cry1Ac/Cry2Ab or non-Bt cotton and Cry1F or non-Bt maize. Use of a susceptible insect assay demonstrated that T. urticae contained biologically active Cry proteins. Cry proteins concentrations declined greatly as they moved from plants to herbivores to predators and protein concentration did not appear to be related to mite density. Free-choice experiments revealed that A. andersoni had no preference for Cry1Ac/Cry2Ab cotton or Cry1F maize-reared T. urticae compared with those reared on non-Bt cotton or maize. Collectively these results provide strong evidence that these crops can complement other integrated pest management tactics including biological control.

  8. Swahili Learners' Views on the Need for a Monolingual Swahili ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hence it is logical that some Swahili grammatical aspects are incorporated into the dictionary: noun class system, concordial ..... included in a Swahili learners' dictionary, e.g. spelling, pronunciation, some grammatical information, meaning, etc. 5. ... Pronunciation of Swahili words is rule-governed. The syllable always ends.

  9. Swahili Learners' Views on the Need for a Monolingual Swahili ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    noun class system, concordial agreements, the morphology of the language, etc. The paper is based on the .... A noun class is a group of nouns which has common morphological and / or syntactic characteristics, e.g. m-toto ..... order to differentiate a compound nasal pronounced as a unit, from a syllabic nasai followed by a ...

  10. Incipient merger of Cls 11 and 5 in Xhosa? | Gowlett | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Xhosa, there appears to be an incipient merger between Noun Classes 5 and 11, as revealed by frequent mismatches between Cl. 11 nouns and various concordial elements, and even the replacement of the Cl. 11 noun prefix by that of Cl. 5. In this article we explore possible reasons for this putative merger, and present ...

  11. Species diversity of phytoseiid mites on different ecosystems in Sari district

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javad Omidi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Mites of the Phytoseiidae family have been extensively studied as biological control agents of different mites and insect pests. Some species also feed on nematodes, fungal spores, pollen and exudates from plants and insects. About 2,300 phytoseiid species belonging to 90 genera have been described in this family (Chant and McMurtry 2007. Considerable efforts have been made in recent years to the collection and identification of the predaceous phytoseiid mites in Iran (Rahmani et al. 2010. Despite some studies on phytoseiid mites in Iran, our knowledge remains limited about their fauna and diversity in Mazandaran province. The data of these studies showed that until recently, only 75 species were reported from Iran. The objective of this study was to evaluate the species diversity of Phytoseiidae and access to effective predatory mites for biological control of injurious mite pests in Sari, the center of Mazandaran province (Southern coast of the Caspian Sea, 35 ° 47'-36 ° 35' N, 50 ° 34'-54 ° 10' E Materials and methods Samples were taken from 80 plant species belonging to 46 plant families including forest trees, orchards and farm crops representing three types of ecosystems from September 2011 to October 2012. Harvested samples of each plant were separately collected in plastic bags and labeled with region and date of collection. The bags were transported to the laboratory on the same day and stored in a refrigerator at about 4°C for up to a week, until the materials washed for mite extraction. Samples were composed of leaves, stems and shoots of different ages and the number of leaves per sample varied between plant species. In order to assimilate the samples, a volume nearly equal mass of each sample were put in a two-liter water container. The mites were floated on water by adding 1.5 liters of tap water and a few droplets of detergent. The plant leaves and shoots were shaken for several times until the mites fall from

  12. The use of social Stegodyphus spider retreats as nest-lining by pale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The pale chanting-goshawk (Melierax canorus) incorporates silk nests (hereafter 'retreats') of the social spider Stegodyphus dumicola (Araneae: Eresidae) in the construction of the nest-lining of their own nests. This study investigates whether pale chanting-goshawks in the Little Karoo, South Africa, show a preference for ...

  13. An unknown letter by Joannes/Jean-Baptiste/ Thibaut, French Byzantines-musicologist 1899

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrović Danica

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This work concerns the letter sent from the French College in Phillipopoli/Plovdiv (Bulgaria by Pater Joannes /Jean-Baptiste/ Thibaut, the French Byzantines — musicologist, to Tihomir Ostojić, professor at the Secondary school (Gymnasium in Novi Sad, a literature historian and expert on Traditional Serbian Church Chant. At that time Thibaut was widening his research interest in Byzantine Chant and neumatic notation, to include Slavonic Chant Tradition, first Russian Chant and later that of the Balkan peoples as well. He was one of the first foreigners to show interest in the Orthodox Chant Tradition of the Southern Slavs, and perceived that, contrary of the Russians, South Slavs never adopted early Byzantine neumatic notation. Visiting monasteries in Bulgaria he tried to find reasons for this lack of Byzantine notation among the Southern Slavs. In the above letter he posed very serious questions regarding Chant in the Serbian Orthodox Church, more precisely regarding the "Karlovci Chant". Unfortunately, it is not known if Thibaut received any kind of reply from Ostojić, nor have we found the reply sent to him by the Serbian Patriarch Georgije Branković, whom he also addressed, asking for help. Answers by those experts to the Thibaut's well formulated questions would be an extremely important contribution to studies of Traditional Serbian Church Chant.

  14. Geïntegreerde bestrijding van trips in roos: Evaluatie van nieuwe roofmijten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pijnakker, J.; Leman, A.

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Predatory bugs (Anthocorids) and predatory mites (Phytoseiids) are the most effective beneficials against thrips. If predatory bugs have low affinity to the rose crop, there is a series of predatory mites which is suitable for this crop, including Amblyseius swirskii, Euseius ovalis,

  15. Dramaturgie vocale et ritual de la messe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Cheyronnaud

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available On sintéressera à la messe (catholique comme format cultuel procurant des expériences musicales, et plus particulièrement au chant à temporalité rituelle tel quil pouvait être pratiqué dans des paroisses françaises au XIXème siècle, avant la généralisationlensemble de la catholicité romaine dun nouveau modèle de chant sacré à partir de 1903, plus connu sous le nom de chant grégorien.

  16. Plaadid / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Stereolab "Instant O In The Universe", Masters Of Gregorian Chant "Chapter IV", R.E.M. "In Time. The Best Of R.E.M.", Celia Cruz "Regalo de alma", John Mayer "Heavier Things", Dayampert "Shapes & Colors"

  17. New releases

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: "Tormis. Holst Singers. Stephen Layton", "Wagenaar. Orch.Wks. Netherlands RSO/Klas", "Various Cpsrs. Powers of Heaven - Orthodox Chant. Estonian Philh CO/Hillier", "Tormis. Holst Singers. Stephen Layton" (lk. 141, Tormise heliplaadi reklaam ka lk 74)

  18. Siidii / Kreete Reval

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reval, Kreete

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: "Erkki Otsman", Kärt Tomingas "Sinine kivi", Whitney Houston "Just Whitney", Amon Tobin "Out From Out Where", Gregorian "Masters Of Chant Chapter III", "Eesti heliloojad IV: Eesti Muusika Päevad 2002"

  19. Synchronized drumming enhances activity in the caudate and facilitates prosocial commitment--if the rhythm comes easily

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kokal, Idil; Engel, Annerose; Kirschner, Sebastian; Keysers, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Why does chanting, drumming or dancing together make people feel united? Here we investigate the neural mechanisms underlying interpersonal synchrony and its subsequent effects on prosocial behavior among synchronized individuals. We hypothesized that areas of the brain associated with the

  20. Synchronized Drumming Enhances Activity in the Caudate and Facilitates Prosocial Commitment - If the Rhythm Comes Easily

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kokal, Idil; Engel, Annerose; Kirschner, Sebastian; Keysers, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Why does chanting, drumming or dancing together make people feel united? Here we investigate the neural mechanisms underlying interpersonal synchrony and its subsequent effects on prosocial behavior among synchronized individuals. We hypothesized that areas of the brain associated with the

  1. Dal face to face al video to video: i focus group elettronici

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Stagi

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available L'uso di internet per condurre focus group può essere una possibile via d'applicazione nella ricerca sociale? Gli autori sono piuttosto concordi nell'affermare che sia presto per una efficace e reale applicabilità di tale tecnica, poiché occorre aspettare che l'accesso a internet diventi più universalmente diffuso e che i supporti tecnici, come la qualità delle immagini e dei collegamenti, possano essere di qualità superiore; allora - soddisfatte queste condizioni - la conduzione on-line può divenire una possibilità effettiva per utilizzare questo tipo di tecniche.

  2. Binukot at Nabukot: From Myth to Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Christine Muyco

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Age-old tales, epic chants, and even contemporary television soap operas tell about the binukot, the well-kept maiden of the Panay Bukidnon, the highland inhabitants of Panay, Philippines. This article examines the binukot through myths and practices found in the people’s expressive culture: from the sugidanon (epic chants/chanting, to the tigbabayi (solo woman’s dance of the binanog (hawk-eagle music and dance tradition, to panubok (traditional embroidery, where the binukot is illustrated or exemplified. From various representations, the article moves to essay the binukot’s actual practice, including her present life living as a nabukot,1 a transformed status she gains when she gets married. I interlace my ethnographic observations regarding these states as part of a reconsideration of feminism from both Western and indigenous perspectives.

  3. Crowds As Complex Adaptive Systems: Strategic Implications For Law Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    attention on the police. Celebratory chants had changed to “Please don’t shoot us!”—a reference to the death of Victoria Snellgrove—and “ Hell no, we...of groups chanting team slogans and slogans indicative of defiance against police attempts at controlling the crowd. “Please don’t shoot us!,” “ Hell ...Defense for the Modern Protester.” It provides advice on mass movements of people and the use of tools such as physical barriers and protective clothing

  4. Birui jiibina ruana ñaɨte: “Today the Coca Plant Speaks of Songs”. Notes for an Anthropology of Music among the Uitoto-Murui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmundo Marcelo Pereira

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This work proposes an ethnographic approach to the musical universe –in particular the practice of chanting– of the indigenous group usually known as Uitoto (= Huitoto, Witoto, examining the case of one of its subgroups, the Murui from the Caraparana River, Colombian Amazon. This is partial material, but it proves revealing of the musical thinking and action within this group. It starts with the provocative question: What is the first lesson for someone who is beginning to learn chants? Or, more adequately: Where does the learning of chants begin? 

  5. Ampélos, Carpos et Hylas. Nonnos face à Théocrite et Apollonios de Rhodes

    OpenAIRE

    Fayant, Marie-Christine

    2012-01-01

    L’influence, souvent soulignée, de la poésie hellénistique sur les Dionysiaques de Nonnos de Panopolis revêt des formes diverses. Dans l’épisode d’Ampélos, lorsqu’il évoque la disparition du jeune Satyre aimé de Dionysos, dont la métamorphose posthume donne naissance à la vigne (chants 10-12), Nonnos, par un jeu subtil d’intertextualité avec le chant I des Argonautiques d’Apollonios de Rhodes et l’Idylle XIII de Théocrite, invite à ...

  6. The offices and masses of St. Knud Lavard († 1131)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergsagel, John

    The text in the music is in Latin. Editorial and critical notes in English Includes bibliographical references and "Alphabetical index of chants." "Published for the Study Group 'Cantus Planus' of the International Musicological Society."--Verso of each t.p Vol. 1 is v. 65/17a of series. Vol. 2...

  7. “GAY RIGHTS ARE HUMAN RIGHTS”: : THE FRAMING OF NEW INTERPRETATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS NORMS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holzhacker, Ron

    2014-01-01

    “Gay Rights are Human Rights” may have begun as a slogan chanted in the street, but academics and human rights organizations began to use the international human rights frame systematically in the 1990s to argue for universal human rights to fully apply to LGBT persons. This framing gradually began

  8. Royal Murders in the Danish Middle Ages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2017-01-01

    Liner notes for an audio recording of music in medieval Denmark, including chants from the office of St Knud Lavard, martyred in 1131, and songs by Meister Rumelant about the murder of King Erik V "Klipping" (1286). The essay gives historical information about the murders and their later musical...

  9. Short communications

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1994, Fenton et al. 1994, Ferguson-. Lees & Christie 2001, Brown 2007). This is even more noteworthy because. Dark Chanting Goshawks are not renowned for aerial agility at catching flying prey, compared to other accipiters and falcons, perhaps leading to the unsuccessful attempts by this individual. Acknowledgements.

  10. Sibelius: Integrale des poemes symphoniques / Pierre Gervasoni

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gervasoni, Pierre

    1992-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Sibelius: Integrale des poemes symphoniques. Les 4 Legendes de Lemminkäinen. Finlandia. Luonnotar. Le Barde. En saga. La fille de Pohjola. La Dryade. La Chanson du printemps. Les Oceanides. Tapiola. Chevauchee nocturne et lever de soleil. Mare Jõgeva (soprano), Orchestre Philharmonique de Moscou, Vassili Sinaiski. Le Chant du Monde "Saison Russe"" LDC 288 015/17. 1991

  11. Pop / Mart Juur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juur, Mart, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Robbie Williams "Escapalogy", Suicide "American Supreme", Audioslave "Audioslave", Sigur Ros "()", Natacha Atlas & Mark Eagleton Project "Foretold in the Language of Dreams", Iron Maiden "Edward the Great", Gregorian "Masters Of Chant Chapter III", Everything But The Girl "Like Desert Miss The Rain"

  12. Pop / Mihkel Kleis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kleis, Mihkel

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Mihkel Kleis "Freddy Krueger Death Chant", Hope Of The States "The Lost Riots", Rammstein "Reise, Reise", Marillion "Marbles", Green Day "American Idiot", RH Factor "Strenght EP", Elvis Costello & The Imposters "The Delivery Man", Sigur Ros "Ba Ba Ti Ki Di Do EP", Dizzee Rascal "Showtime"

  13. The Effect of Combat Traumatic Brain Injury on Executive Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    paresis/plegia, sensory loss, aphasia , etc.) that may or may not be transient; 13 • Intracraniallesion. External forces may include any of the...synchronization using percussion instruments based on the therapists lead. Memory was addressed using chants and songs as a mnemonic device. The

  14. JPRS Report, East Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-08

    received by the heroes of basketball games (at first slow and uniform, and then faster and faster clapping that finally turns into chanting). I recorded...any medical treatment, from getting a bath to import- ing wheelchairs duty-free." 2. Various demands and ultimatums addressed to the authorities

  15. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 146 ... Vol 11, No 1 (2014), Bana etlong retlobapala: examining children's musical games on a Soweto playground, Abstract. S Harrop-Allin. Vol 8, No 1 (2011), Historia Sancti Ludgeri edited by Morné Bezuidenhout: a new contribution to chant scholarship, Abstract. Carol Steyn. Vol 5 (2008), Lo-ngade, Abstract.

  16. Different Solutions to the Same Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Ann

    1998-01-01

    Notes that classroom management is an important part of teaching, and discusses movement, music, and drama as effective classroom-management tools for difficult parts of the daily routine. Offers examples of songs, chants, finger plays, and other activities to ease the stress of waiting, or to help meet the physical and emotional demands of young…

  17. "Just Keep Going, Stay Together, and Sing OUT." Learning Byzantine Music in an Informal and Situated Community of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brashier, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    This project examines the communal process of music learning as it occurs in a Byzantine chant learning group at a Greek Orthodox Church. The goal of this project was to investigate the act of music making, as situated in a particular sociocultural context, in order to address the question: Through what processes do individuals share music…

  18. More than Counting Beats: Connecting Music and Mathematics in the Primary Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinick, Robyn; Ledger, Gail; Major, Karen; Perger, Pamela

    2016-01-01

    Connections between music and mathematics have been of interest to scholars as far back as the time of Pythagoras. In Aotearoa-New Zealand, the use of songs and chants as aids for memorising information such as number patterns and names of geometrical shapes is common practice in early childhood centres and primary classrooms. While such practices…

  19. JPRS Report, Latin America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-29

    placards and . slogans carried and chanted by the marchers; ft1 is not the stirring gutsy music of the steelbands and the drums and the brass blaring...chief radicals, the leaders in this clan, effervesce over television — their favourite platform where they are always welcome — of the dangers

  20. Enhancing Care and Advocacy for Sexual Assault Survivors on Canadian Campuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinlan, Elizabeth; Clarke, Allyson; Miller, Natasha

    2016-01-01

    Recent media coverage of the rape chant at Saint Mary's University, the misogynist Facebook posts at Dalhousie's dental school, and the suspension of the University of Ottawa's hockey team have brought the topic of campus sexual assault under intense public scrutiny and the media accounts point to a widespread systemic rape culture on Canadian…

  1. El Dia de los Muertos -- Libreto. (The Day of the Dead -- Notebook.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinoza, Delia; Lopez, Santiago, III

    On November 2, all Mexican Americans remember their dead as Mexico does on that same day. Called "El Dia de los Muertos" (Day of the Dead), the dead are remembered posthumously with flowers, candles, music, prayers, chants, and wreaths. The people go to cemeteries to clean tombs, lay fresh or artificial flowers on them, and pray for…

  2. Oguega Divination Poetry In Edo State, Nigeria | Aluede | Journal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Oguega is a divination apparatus which is in common use among Esan people of Edo State, Nigeria. Oguega diviners are consulted irrespective of religious leanings in this culture. The use of this divination apparatus is concomitant with exclamations, songs, narratives, chants and poetry. This study investigates a handful of ...

  3. The potential of mobile phone technology for public health practice ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    admin

    The invention of mobile phones has significantly chanted communication (1). There is a growing global trend in harnessing this technology for behavior change, ... change interventions delivered by mobile telephone short-massage service. Am J Prev Med 2009;36:165-. 37. 4. Cole-Lewis H, Kershaw T. Text massaging as a ...

  4. 'mitologie'? ken wilber se bydrae tot

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    9 Apr 2010 ... chanting; yoga and certain martial arts; hiking and even walking. They change us within and make this inner change consistent with our actions in the world in our daily lives. (Teasdale 1999:124). Selfs in die institusionele kerk is geestelike oefening dus noodsaaklik – eers om die ontwikkelingsvlakke en - ...

  5. John Calvin's perspective on music and worship, and its implications ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Different views on worship and music have been expressed by different Reformers. The Reformers rejected some aspects of medieval worship such as the Gregorian chant, the use of elaborate vocal and instrumental music, overly theatrical performances at worship, the unwarranted expense of elaborate ceremonies, ...

  6. IIASA Reports, 6(2):217-407 (Completing Volume 6) (October-December 1982)

    OpenAIRE

    1982-01-01

    This issue, which completes Volume 6, contains the following papers and the biographies of the contributing authors: -- V.G.Chant, "Two Global Scenarios: The Evolution of Energy Use and the Economy to 2030"; -- J.C. Stone et al., "Water Demand for Generating Electricity"; -- Z. Kos, "Stochastic Supplementary Irrigation Water Requirements in Water Resources Systems".

  7. Short Communications Predation on tent tortoise and leopard ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Curator of Herpetology. Port Elizabeth Museum. P.O. Box. 13147, Humewood. 6013. Received 26 June 1991; accepted 9 September 1991. Predation by the pale chanting goshawk Melierax canorus on. Psammobates tentorius and Geoche/one pardalis hatchlings oorrelates with the habitat preference of these tortoise spe-.

  8. Hawaiian Performance Cartography of Kaua'i

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akana, Kalani

    2013-01-01

    This article provides a discussion that examines Hawaiian performance cartography as described by Oliveira--but only as it relates to the island of Kaua'i. Section I begins with a chant asking permission to "enter" into the cultural landscape described in "mele" (songs) and "hula" (dance). Section II looks briefly at…

  9. The Family in Hawaiian Culture: Lessons from Nature [and] The Family in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Wanda; Azevedo, Helen Selma

    1994-01-01

    Young discusses three functions of the Hawaiian family--environment, nourishment, and family relationships--using chants, proverbs, stories, oral histories, and readings as illustrations. Azevedo describes families in Brazil, where the extended patriarchy was predominant, but simple family models have prevailed among poor people and in the south.…

  10. The relative influence of prey abundance and co-breeders on the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigates if the reproductive performance of polyandrous Pale Chanting-goshawks, Melierax canorus, is governed by the abundance of dominant rodent-prey species or a co-breeding male participating fully in prey being delivered to the female and young. Polyandrous trios in prey-rich habitat, the only habitat ...

  11. "Denuy Jangal Seen Bopp" (They Teach Themselves): Children's Music Learning in the Gambia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koops, Lisa Huisman

    2010-01-01

    The author investigated the teaching and learning processes among children in a suburban community of The Gambia, West Africa. Participants included children and adults in the community (N = 101). The researcher used ethnographic techniques of participant and nonparticipant observation, interviews, and song and chant collection. Data consisted of…

  12. Making Music Mine: The Development of Rhythmic Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Suzanne L.

    2017-01-01

    In this study, I explored children's development of rhythmic music literacy using a language acquisition paradigm. An emergent, constructivist curriculum was implemented over one academic year with 39 children, 5-8 years old. Children were involved in audiation-based active listening, singing, moving, chanting, and playing instruments and engaged…

  13. Memorizzare "in campo aperto": neumi, canto gregoriano, tropi liturgici e tecnologia della memoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Locanto

    2011-01-01

    The essay focuses on a historical moment placed at the beginning of the parable outlined by the technology of music writing in Western culture: the introduction, at the beginning of the ninth century, of the first neumatic notations, whose main aim consisted in recording the repertoire of liturgical songs known as Gregorian chant. Assuming that writing in medieval culture constituted a technology of memory, the essay tries to interpret in this light the characteristics of neumatic notation, as well as some formal characteristics of liturgical chants transmitted through it. A new interpretation of the typical formulaic construction of Gregorian chant is suggested: formularity is understood as a result of a sophisticated use of memory based on the conceptual model of writing. The analysis of some pieces handed down in melismatic neumatic notation, sometimes accompanied by texts composed ex novo (prosulae, shows how neumatic writing corresponds to analytical and creative strategies based on memorization. An idea that emerges at the end of the discussion concerns the link between the technology of memory and the essentially open vision of the liturgical chants – especially the liturgical tropes – namely the fact that they were not conceived as autonomous and concluded units, but rather as different configurations of a number of  fixed (mnemonic elements that feature a wide range of different songs.

  14. Precision Machining

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    This special issue of S¯adhan¯a is devoted to Precision Engineering. Recent progress in this field clearly indicates the transition of precision technology to precision science. Dr. Mer- chant's new theory on the mechanics of metal cutting in 1944 heralded a new approach, moving away from the empirical work of Taylor ...

  15. Hidden dialogicality in Mafhuwe – a critical discourse analytical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of this article is to demonstrate that, in addition to the above, mafhuwe are poetrycum-songs that are chanted to illustrate power relations between two parties. The singer uses her voice to respond to the voice of the unseen and unheard interlocutor who is usually known to her and in some instances is very powerful.

  16. The sixteenth-century choirbook fragments of the National Library in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Two choirbook fragments, each consisting of two attached vellum leaves with notated Gregorian chant, were discovered in the National Library in Pretoria by a well-known cartographer while she was cataloguing the maps for the library immediately before the move from the old building in Vermeulen Street to the new ...

  17. JOHN CALVIN'S PERSPECTIVE ON MUSIC AND WORSHIP, AND ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mr tomir

    Abstract. Different views on worship and music have been expressed by different. Reformers. The Reformers rejected some aspects of medieval worship such as the Gregorian chant, the use of elaborate vocal and instrumental music, overly theatrical performances at worship, the unwarranted expense of elaborate ...

  18. SELETIVIDADE DE CHLORFENAPYR E FENBUTATIN-OXIDE SOBRE DUAS ESPÉCIES DE ÁCAROS PREDADORES (ACARI: PHYTOSEIIDAE) EM CITROS SELECTIVITY OF CHLORFENAPYR AND FENBUTATIN-OXIDE ON TWO SPECIES OF PREDACEOUS MITES (ACARI: PHYTOSEIIDAE) IN CITRUS

    OpenAIRE

    REIS PAULO REBELLES; SOUSA ÉLBER OLIVEIRA

    2001-01-01

    Com o uso de bioensaios, verificaram-se os efeitos residual de contato, ovicida e de persistência dos produtos chlorfenapyr e fenbutatin-oxide sobre duas espécies de ácaros predadores, Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma e Euseius alatus DeLeon (Acari: Phytoseiidae), associados ao ácaro da leprose-dos-citros Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) (Acari: Tenuipalpidae). O efeito total sobre os adultos foi estudado por meio do método residual de contato com pulverização em superfície de vidro, confo...

  19. Population studies of arthropods on Melia azedarach in Seville (Spain), with special reference to Eutetranychus orientalis (Acari: Tetranychidae) and its natural enemies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Zamora, J E; López, C; Avilla, C

    2011-12-01

    Eutetranychus orientalis has become an important pest of the ornamental tree Melia azedarach in the city of Seville (Spain). Trees suffer total defoliation at the end of summer. Studies were conducted in a regular plantation of this tree in the Miraflores Park in 2008 and 2009, to determine the arthropod faunal composition, with particular interest in the possible natural enemies of E. orientalis. Eutetranychus orientalis accounted for 98.3% of the arthropods found on the leaflets. Two species of phytoseiids were found, Euseius scutalis and Euseius stipulatus, but they only represented 0.2% of the arthropods. The most abundant insect was the predator thrips Scolothrips longicornis, which accounted for 0.9% of the arthropods found. The population of E. orientalis reached two peaks in 2008, with 325 individuals per leaflet in August, and 100 individuals per leaflet in November. Scolothrips longicornis densities closely followed E. orientalis, and predation was observed on various mite instars. Phytoseiids did not show such a response to the E. orientalis densities. Eutetranychus orientalis was more abundant in the exterior part of the plantation. No differences of arthropod densities were found between the various orientations in the plantation (north vs. south, east vs. west), although E. orientalis densities were different between rows. Distribution of E. orientalis population was highly aggregative, that of S. longicornis population was less aggregative, whereas the phytoseiid population showed a random distribution.

  20. Development, Validation, and Field-Testing of an Instrument for Clinical Assessment of HIV-Associated Neuropathy and Neuropathic Pain in Resource-Restricted and Large Population Study Settings.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yohannes W Woldeamanuel

    Full Text Available HIV-associated sensory peripheral neuropathy (HIV-SN afflicts approximately 50% of patients on antiretroviral therapy, and is associated with significant neuropathic pain. Simple accurate diagnostic instruments are required for clinical research and daily practice in both high- and low-resource setting. A 4-item clinical tool (CHANT: Clinical HIV-associated Neuropathy Tool assessing symptoms (pain and numbness and signs (ankle reflexes and vibration sense was developed by selecting and combining the most accurate measurands from a deep phenotyping study of HIV positive people (Pain In Neuropathy Study-HIV-PINS. CHANT was alpha-tested in silico against the HIV-PINS dataset and then clinically validated and field-tested in HIV-positive cohorts in London, UK and Johannesburg, South Africa. The Utah Early Neuropathy Score (UENS was used as the reference standard in both settings. In a second step, neuropathic pain in the presence of HIV-SN was assessed using the Douleur Neuropathique en 4 Questions (DN4-interview and a body map. CHANT achieved high accuracy on alpha-testing with sensitivity and specificity of 82% and 90%, respectively. In 30 patients in London, CHANT diagnosed 43.3% (13/30 HIV-SN (66.7% with neuropathic pain; sensitivity = 100%, specificity = 85%, and likelihood ratio = 6.7 versus UENS, internal consistency = 0.88 (Cronbach alpha, average item-total correlation = 0.73 (Spearman's Rho, and inter-tester concordance > 0.93 (Spearman's Rho. In 50 patients in Johannesburg, CHANT diagnosed 66% (33/50 HIV-SN (78.8% neuropathic pain; sensitivity = 74.4%, specificity = 85.7%, and likelihood ratio = 5.29 versus UENS. A positive CHANT score markedly increased of pre- to post-test clinical certainty of HIV-SN from 43% to 83% in London, and from 66% to 92% in Johannesburg. In conclusion, a combination of four easily and quickly assessed clinical items can be used to accurately diagnose HIV-SN. DN4-interview used in the context of bilateral feet

  1. La mise en voix del Cantar del Mio Cid y el Códice de Vivar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Higashi

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available In the last years, the musical performance has taken an important place in the study of the mise en voix of the Cantar de Mio Cid. Although this perspective is laudable in many ways, I propose to take care on the textual and codicological plane, because many of the musical traces are lost for distinct reasons: the condition of the copy, finished according to the historiographical patterns of the medieval scriptorium; the indirect knowledge of the medieval epic music; the gaps in the understanding of how medieval cantillation was performed during public workship, in the laic or clerical life; the influence (or not of the medieval chant dialects (especially, mozarabic and eugenian chants, etc.

  2. Notes d' étymologie et de grammaire hittites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Čop

    1955-12-01

    Full Text Available «Mauvais, méchant», d'où idalauahh- «faire du mal, nuire», etc., représente un des problèmes les plus complexes que nous pose la linguistique hittite. Dès le moment où Sommer, Ahhijaroa-Urk., p. 50 y a rattaché louv. adduuali- «mauvais», abstr. adduualahi-, le groupe a occupé beaucoup de hittitologues sans que ceux-ci puissent trouver le moyen d'une explication convaincante. Plus tard, le texte bilingue de Karatepe y a ajouté un troisième parent: hitt. hiérogl. at un ara- «méchant».

  3. Les Amours d’Arès et Aphrodite, la critique homérique et la pantomime dans l’Ars amatoria

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Christophe Jolivet

    2010-01-01

    Le traitement de l'épisode des Amours d'Arès et Aphrodite dans le chant 2 de l'Ars amatoria laisse supposer que les commentaires homériques ont exercé une influence sur la version ovidienne, non seulement quant à l'interprétation didactique du mythe, mais également du fait que le chant de Démodocos était considéré par certains interprètes comme l'illustration archaïque d'un registre comique et érotique. Par ailleurs, un certain nombre d'indices laissent supposer une référence à la pantomime d...

  4. AHP 1: Calling Back the Lost Namuyi Tibetan Soul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libu Lakhi

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available A na53 mʑi53 person falls accidentally and is panicked. The rə53 hĩ53 'soul' leaves the body and the person becomes lethargic. It is nearly always the patient's mother who calls the soul back, if she knows the correct chant. Five thousand na53 mʑi53 Tibetans live mostly in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, PR China with Han and Nuosu (Yi. The ritual is commonly done for children less than ten years of age, though anyone may lose their soul. The chant is presented along with a brief discussion of na53 mʑi53 cosmology and beliefs concerning the soul.

  5. [Dreams and sensoperception in epicurean theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pangas, Julio César

    2007-01-01

    In this article, we analyse the epicurean vision on sensoperception and dreams. This epicurean vision is known to us, specially, from the wrintings of his roman divulger, Titus Lucretius Caro in his work "On the nature of things" ("De rerum natura"), IV Chant. The epicureans adopted the materialistic conception of nature, based upon Democritus of Abdera atomistic theory and, in this way, they distinguished their theories on dreams from the general principles prevailing in the popular greco-roman litterature, as well as from the divinatory perception of oneirocritics like Artemidorus and also from the first steps of the physiological conception of dreams from philosophers as the presocratics and Aristotle. We end this article with some of the more interesting paragraphs from Chant IV of the work by Lucretius, regarding this subjet.

  6. Des hauts plateaux aux oasis : La chanson saharienne

    OpenAIRE

    Hamdi-Cherif, Abdelhafid

    2016-01-01

    Cette contribution a pour objectif d’être une introduction au chant bédouin du Sud algérien appelé communément chant saharien, ou plus spécifiquement aiyai. Considéré trop souvent comme mineur malgré toute sa richesse et la qualité de ses interprètes, ce genre musical à part entière, ou plutôt poético-musical car il est fondé autant sur le texte poétique que sur la musique, renvoie au mode de vie nomade qu’il exprime, continuellement en voyage entre steppe et oasis. Proche de la vie quotidien...

  7. Ampélos, Carpos et Hylas. Nonnos face à Théocrite et Apollonios de Rhodes Ampelus, Carpus and Hyla. Nonnus face to face with Teocritus ans Apollonius of Rhodes Ampelo, Carpo e Ila. Nonno dinanzi a Teocrito e Apollonio Rodio

    OpenAIRE

    Marie-Christine Fayant

    2012-01-01

    L’influence, souvent soulignée, de la poésie hellénistique sur les Dionysiaques de Nonnos de Panopolis revêt des formes diverses. Dans l’épisode d’Ampélos, lorsqu’il évoque la disparition du jeune Satyre aimé de Dionysos, dont la métamorphose posthume donne naissance à la vigne (chants 10-12), Nonnos, par un jeu subtil d’intertextualité avec le chant I des Argonautiques d’Apollonios de Rhodes et l’Idylle XIII de Théocrite, invite à rapprocher le drame d’Ampélos et la légende d’Hylas, éromène ...

  8. महिलाओं की रजोहिवृहि काल की मिोवैज्ञाहिक समस्या अवसाद पर यौहिक अभ्यास के प्रभाव का अध्ययि

    OpenAIRE

    रंजिा रौहियार *1

    2017-01-01

    The aim of present investigation is to study the effect of Special Yoga Package (Sukshm Vyayam, Anulom Vilom, Bhramari, Om Chanting & Yog Nidra) on those women who are suffering from ‘Depression’ during menopause. The sample consist 60 women from Badarpur, New Delhi for Yogic practices. ‘t’ test computed for the pre & post Yogic practices. Result indicates that the women, who did Yoga practices, lower the effect of depression.

  9. Tubin, Eduard. Sonate pour violon et piano dans le mode phrygien / Pierre Gervasoni

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gervasoni, Pierre

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Tubin, Eduard. Sonate pour violon et piano dans le mode phrygien. Ballade pour piano en forme de Chaconne sur un theme de Mart Saar. Sonate pour saxophone alto et piano. Le Chant des soldats enrepli. Ave Maria. Societe Chorale Estudiantine de Lund, Neeme Järvi. BIS-CD 269, distribution Harmonia Mundi (CD: 161 F), 1984/85.TT: 1h 03'46"

  10. The Efficiency of Musical Emotions for the Reconciliation of Conceptual Dissonances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    effects of exposure several types of music, and found that some Mozart music as well as Buddhist chant is effective as a part of meditation treatment...revealed that an exposure to a Mozart minuet mitigates the cognitive interference whereas on the contrary when the music has been modified to consist of...mostly dissonant intervals the interference effect has been intensified. Introduction: Include a summary of specific aims of the research and

  11. Pakistan’s and Palestine’s Role in Promoting Violent Ideological Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    types of madrassahs: Shia, Jamaat-e-Islami, Ahl-e- Hadith school of Sunni, Barelvi, and Deobandi. 14 Each school modifies their curriculum in...granted by madrassahs preserves Islamic tradition and creates experts in Islamic studies. 16 The AU/ACSC/BARNES/2009-04 5 Darul Uloom Islamiya, a...Literature, Hadith , Logic, Islamic Brotherhood, Chant illation: (Tajvid), External study (Tareekh Millat and Khilafat-e-Rashida – these are Indian

  12. Sacred byzantine music and its influence on old East Slavic Orthodox music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Włodzimierz Wołosiuk

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Sacred Byzantine music originates from three sources: “the liturgy of heaven”, synagogue music as well as old Greek theory of music and lays at the bottom of the East Slavs liturgical chant. The tonal base of the Byzantine music formed tetrachords. From them the so called Diatonic mode took shape. It was the easiest and the most popular sound arrangement steming from Greek music. The Cristian Church considered it to be in accordance with its Spirit and needs. From the tetrachords mentioned above other tones were created, namely Doric tones, Lydian, Phrygian and Mixolydian and, together withall their derivatives they gave beginning to the Oktoechos tradition. Byzantine music was flourishing in monasteries and in town areas andmany different forms were elaborated on like troparions, kontakions, stichiry, canons, etc. If one speaks about composers then certainly some names cannot be omitted. These are: St. Anatolius (Patriarchof Constantinople, St. Andrew of Crete, St. Romanos the Melodist,St. Sophronius of Jerusalem and, above all, St. John of Damascus who collected and systematized the liturgical chants creating mentioned Oktoechos. The acceptance of the Greek form of Christianity by Rus’ caused a cultivation of the sacred Greek vocal art on its territory which manifested in a form of so called Znamenny chant. This type of chant was at first similar to the Greek model but later on it moved away from it. Musical notation of the Old East Slavic singing was based on neumes which names in Old East Slavic have changed a little and only few survived. Furthermore, liturgical note books together with their genre and music content have been taken over from Byzantium. Especially visible in the Old East Slavic monody, Byzantine patterns were pervading also the later polyphony which proves they were always current. Moreover, this allows to claim that Rus’ became the real successor of the Greek Orthodox traditions in new circumstances of sacral

  13. RELIGIUSITAS SISWA BERAGAMA BUDDHA PADA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA TAMAN RAMA DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Rozi

    2013-02-01

    Buddhist students in SMP Taman Rama Denpasar in general there are similarities, such as by implementing the climbing chanting and meditation, perform puja in the dark (ceit and the moon light (capgo, Atthangasila, Pancasila Buddhist and implement in daily life. Second: the Buddha teachings as a spur to the religion practice and the power of self-religiosity. Third: the meaning of Buddhist students’ religiosity SMP Taman Rama Denpasar include the meaning of solidarity, harmony, and inner meaning of peace.

  14. Pengaruh Modernisasi Terhadap Tradisi Pendidikan Anak Dalam Masyarakat Suku Gayo

    OpenAIRE

    Sukiman, Sukiman

    2015-01-01

    The tradition of children education at Gayo typically begins since infant to childhood. At earlier stage, they learn by listening to chant, folktale, and learning from local Islamic scholars. However, in the modernization era, the tradition is worn off. Modernization has changed the youth at Gayo into spiritual depletion, lack in dynamic and creativity, moral degradation and inadequate friendship. To overcome the education crisis of the children in Gayo, it needs reorientation by integrated a...

  15. 過ちを悔いずに行う悔過 : ワザハヒに対処するために日本人が開発した音声呪術

    OpenAIRE

    小林, 信彦; Nobuhiko, KOBAYASHI; 桃山学院大学文学部

    2001-01-01

    Japanese kamis who hate sins get angry and bring about disasters when men do wrong. Without sins they are happy and do not cause disasters. Taking advantage of this behaviour, the Japanese framed the idea of kekwa They tried to soothe angry kamis by chanting sutras as magic formulae in order to stop disasters such as droughts and plagues. This is a new type of harahe and therefore repenting is not involved in spite of its name "kekwa" (to repent).

  16. Targeting Midbodies in Ovarian Cancer Stem Cells as a Therapeutic Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    budding yeast. Genetics 191, 347–387 74 Chant, J. and Pringle, J.R. (1995) Patterns of bud-site selection in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae . J...status and could contribute to these states. Depletion of the ESCRT-associated protein Alix reduced the amount of free MBs in the medium of neural...basal level of MB release (90% of the MBs after abscission), whereas neuroblastoma cells and other cancer cells had only a medium to low level of release

  17. Graceful Failure and Societal Resilience Analysis Via Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schopf, P. S.; Cioffi-Revilla, C.; Rogers, J. D.; Bassett, J.; Hailegiorgis, A. B.

    2014-12-01

    Agent-based social modeling is opening up new methodologies for the study of societal response to weather and climate hazards, and providing measures of resiliency that can be studied in many contexts, particularly in coupled human and natural-technological systems (CHANTS). Since CHANTS are complex adaptive systems, societal resiliency may or may not occur, depending on dynamics that lack closed form solutions. Agent-based modeling has been shown to provide a viable theoretical and methodological approach for analyzing and understanding disasters and societal resiliency in CHANTS. Our approach advances the science of societal resilience through computational modeling and simulation methods that complement earlier statistical and mathematical approaches. We present three case studies of social dynamics modeling that demonstrate the use of these agent based models. In Central Asia, we exmaine mutltiple ensemble simulations with varying climate statistics to see how droughts and zuds affect populations, transmission of wealth across generations, and the overall structure of the social system. In Eastern Africa, we explore how successive episodes of drought events affect the adaptive capacity of rural households. Human displacement, mainly, rural to urban migration, and livelihood transition particularly from pastoral to farming are observed as rural households interacting dynamically with the biophysical environment and continually adjust their behavior to accommodate changes in climate. In the far north case we demonstrate one of the first successful attempts to model the complete climate-permafrost-infrastructure-societal interaction network as a complex adaptive system/CHANTS implemented as a ``federated'' agent-based model using evolutionary computation. Analysis of population changes resulting from extreme weather across these and other cases provides evidence for the emergence of new steady states and shifting patterns of resilience.

  18. De la neumă la interpretare sau despre procesul componistic în muzica bizantină

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae Gheorghiţă

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses compositional techniques of the Byzantine sacred chant in the medieval and post-medieval periods. A pioneering research in local and international medieval musicology, the article relies on contemporary musical codices, theoretical treatises and liturgical books to chart the relationship between the musical notation and the actual sounds produced, as well as the liturgical, theological and cultural context in which a particular composition was created.

  19. Species diversity of phytoseiid mites on different ecosystems in Sari district

    OpenAIRE

    Javad Omidi; Alireza Hadizadeh; Mahmoud Mohammadi Sharif

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Mites of the Phytoseiidae family have been extensively studied as biological control agents of different mites and insect pests. Some species also feed on nematodes, fungal spores, pollen and exudates from plants and insects. About 2,300 phytoseiid species belonging to 90 genera have been described in this family (Chant and McMurtry 2007). Considerable efforts have been made in recent years to the collection and identification of the predaceous phytoseiid mites in Iran (Rahman...

  20. 研究発表 文学と演劇の「引用」の差異について 本歌取・本説・素材をめぐる一考察

    OpenAIRE

    Ruperti, Bonaventura

    1996-01-01

    I propose to examine the recognised concept and methods of "quotation" in Classical Japanese Literature, with particular reference to poetical theory and study of the Noh, in waka honkadori and Noh honzetsu, as well as quotations from Noh chants in the historical dramas of Chikamatsu Monzaemon. The purpose of my paper is to elucidate the manner of such quotation, through an examination of the techniques, processes and transitions fundamental to the construction of the works.With regard to hon...

  1. Population survey of phytoseiid mites and spider mites on peach leaves and wild plants in Japanese peach orchard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wari, David; Yamashita, Jun; Kataoka, Yoko; Kohara, Yoko; Hinomoto, Norihide; Kishimoto, Hidenari; Toyoshima, Shingo; Sonoda, Shoji

    2014-07-01

    A population survey of phytoseiid mites and spider mites was conducted on peach leaves and wild plants in Japanese peach orchards having different pesticide practices. The phytoseiid mite species composition on peach leaves and wild plants, as estimated using quantitative sequencing, changed during the survey period. Moreover, it varied among study sites. The phytoseiid mite species compositions were similar between peach leaves and some wild plants, such as Veronica persica, Paederia foetida, Persicaria longiseta, and Oxalis corniculata with larger quantities of phytoseiid mites, especially after mid-summer. A PCR-based method to detect the ribosomal ITS sequences of Tetranychus kanzawai and Panonychus mori from phytoseiid mites was developed. Results showed that Euseius sojaensis (specialized pollen feeder/generalist predator) uses both spider mites as prey in the field.

  2. Initial screening of little known predatory mites in Brazil as potential pest control agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vis, R M J; de Moraes, G J; Bellini, M R

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the oviposition rate and the survivorship of some of the most common predators on plants of the natural vegetation of southeastern Brazil, when confined with different food sources. Forty-four laboratory tests were carried out, each corresponding to a different combination of predator species and food source. The predators tested were: Phytoseiidae--Amblyseius acalyphus, Euseius citrifolius, Iphiseiodes zuluagai, Metaseiulus (Metaseiulus) camelliae, Typhlodromips cananeiensis; Stigmaeidae--Agistemus floridanus, Zetzellia malvinae; Tydeidae--Pronematus sp. For most predators, the highest oviposition rate and survivorship were obtained when the prey was one of the tenuipalpid mites, Brevipalpus phoenicis or Tenuipalpus heveae. With the exception of A. floridanus, the predators had low oviposition rate and survivorship on Calacarus heveae relative to their respective rate on other food sources. Predators had also generally low oviposition rate and survivorship when feeding on Tetranychus urticae, Oligonychus gossypii or Frankliniella sp.

  3. O prevodima kletve kneza Lazara na francuski jezik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obradović Radmila M.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available (francuski Dans le chant populaire serbe du cycle du Kosovo Kneževa kletva (Malédiction du prince, le prince serbe Lazare maudit les traitres avant la bataille de Kosovo. Une version de sa malédiction reprise par le noble Musić Stefan et une autre reprise par le serviteur de celui-ci font partie du chant populaire Musić Stefan. La première de ces deux versions, qui est la plus connue, est écrite sur le monument aux héros de la bataille de Kosovo. Dans le travail ci-présent, nous avons d’abord analysé la traduction de la malédiction du prince Lazare du chant Malédiction du prince faite par Adolphe d’Avril (dans son recueil La Bataille de Kossovo, rhapsodie serbe. Tirée des chants populaires, Paris, Librairie du Luxembourg, MDCCCLXVIIl. Notre analyse montre que d’Avril a bien réussi non seulement à traduire la malédiction du prince Lazare, mais qu’il a surtout réussi à suggérer au lecteur francophone l’attitude du prince serbe qui, comme le dit d’Avril lui-même, incarne "la splendeur de la royauté" et est mû par son "sentiment exalté du devoir", sa "soumission à Dieu", son "dévouement absolu". Et le traducteur recourt aux vers de dix pieds des "grandes chansons de geste" françaises qui correspondent aux vers des chants épiques serbes. La première version de la malédiction du prince Lazare du chant populaire Musić Stefan figurant, sans le deuxième vers, sur le monument aux héros de la bataille de Kosovo érigé à Gazimestan, est présentée sur une photo de la partie centrale du monument par Wikipédia (L’encyclopédie libre et par XAcademic (Dictionnaires et Encyclopédies sur ’Academic’ dans le cadre de deux articles aux titres identiques Gazimestan. La malédiction y est en outre accompagnée de sa traduction en français. Cependant, ces deux traductions, tout à fait identiques sur ces deux websites, sont faites d’après le chant MusićStefan, c'est-à-dire qu'elles comprennent le vers omis

  4. The traditional and modern in church music: A study in canon and creativity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peno Vesna

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Definitions of the terms "traditional" and "modern", relating to the chanting tradition of the Eastern Church, sprang from research into so-called kalophony – a specific compositional method that established melismatic melody. Despite differing academic opinions about the origins of this melody in the liturgical practice of the Eastern Church, it is evident that very embellished and elaborate kalophonic melodies appeared frequently from the mid-13th century onwards. The compositional treatment of various genres of these melodies began historically with partial respect for the established hymnographic text. This was followed by a more liberal arrangement, ending in a total departure from any textual base (kratema. The fact that the melody in melismatic mode superseded the text suggests that kalophony represented a certain kind of modernity. Even though musical manuscripts in neumatic notation had no written rules about methods of composition or how to balance tones and words, in the tradition of the Easternchanting practice, melody was always recognized as a helpful addition, an exegesis of the textus receptus. In order to fully comprehend the introduction of this "new sound" and "new style", this study focuses on the work of a major protagonist of them, a monk from the Great Lavra, blessed John Koukouzeles. I consider the following questions: 1 The purpose and function of chant in the art of Byzantium in general 2 The role of the composer/ artist and his creative freedom 3 Evaluating criteria for church-related arts/composition 4 Criteria which immortalized or buried artwork/composition of the time Allowing for what possibly motivated John Koukouzeles and his contemporaries to compose kalophonic melodies or to kalophonically modify old, traditional melodies this study focuses on the effects that hesychasm had on the chanting practice of the time. Considering the theological validation of kalophonic modifications of some liturgical hymns, an

  5. Poreklo junaka u varijantama epskih pesama kosovskog ciklusa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pitulić Valentina

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available (francuski Nous sommes propose de faire une analyse des variantes des chansons de geste du cycle de Kosovo dans lesquelles est faite une ambiance favorable a l'activité des héros qui allaient participer dans la bataille. C'est de telle manière que le poète populaire ouvre un espace pour l'expression des archétypes principaux jouant un rôle décisif pour le dénouement de la bataille. Dans les chants transcrits après la mort de Vuk Karadžić, le poète populaire s'occupe des biographies épiques des héros qui vont jouer le rôle décisif dans cet évènement, a savoir: l'archétype du héros victime (Miloš Obilić, l' archétype du saint (tzar Lazar et archétype du traître (Vuk Branković. Vu l'importance de la biographie des héros dans la construction de l'espace épique, le poète épique a décrit l'origine des héros, notamment de Miloš Obilić. De telle façon se crée, dans les chants contenant ce motif un climat de l' introduction dans la bataille qui est en fonction de la préparation de l'ambiance pour l'action des héros. Le tzar Lazar obtient une auréole du saint dans le cycle des variantes et la biographie épique de Vuk Branković est décrite dans le cercle des chants sur lemariage des héros.

  6. Hirelings and Laborers: Biblical Parable in Blake’s Milton Mercenaires et travailleurs : la parabole biblique dans Milton de Blake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leslie Tannenbaum

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Le poème épique de William Blake, Milton, commence par une diatribe contre les mercenaires, ce qui, dans le contexte miltonien, fait immédiatement penser aux Considerations Touching the Likeliest Means to Remove Hirelings out of the Church. Ces deux textes font référence aux discours bibliques sur le travail, plus particulièrement aux notions chrétiennes de vocation et de travail et à la distinction qu’établit Jésus entre le bon berger et le mercenaire dans la parabole du berger (Jean 10.1-21. Pour Milton et Blake, ce discours sur le travail eut une influence directe sur leur conception de ce qu’est l’artiste, le public et de leurs responsabilités et rôles mutuels. Dans son poème, Blake prend comme point de départ la distinction biblique de Milton entre le vrai travailleur et le mercenaire, et fait de cette distinction le fondement de l’énigmatique Chant du Barde qui déclenche l’action du poème. Le Chant du Barde est, entre autres, une parabole concernant le travail qui rejoint la plupart des préoccupations exprimées dans la Bible ou développées par Milton. En fait, la forme et le contenu paraboliques du Chant du Barde deviennent des moyens essentiels pour, à la fois, accomplir et décrire le genre de travail que Blake considérait comme la mission du vrai travailleur et du vrai poète-prophète.

  7. Where Was the Shah’s Army?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-06

    the monard; the Shah was the king and not simply a military officer. Although both the Shah and his father crowned themselves, they did not rule as...of kings, and was determined to see his son, Crown Prince Reza, ascend to the Peacock Throne. The Shah built his regime on a military force that...Chanting from the roof tops "Allah Akbar" (God is great) coul- be heard nightly as well as sporadic gunfire across the city of Tehran. Numerous crue

  8. Burlesque et interprétation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudine Nédélec

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Je voudrais mettre cette communication sous une triple égide (on n’est jamais trop bien protégé :celle de Rabelais,Et posé le cas qu’au sens literal vous trouvez matieres assez joyeuses et bien corrrespondentes au nom, toutesfois pas demourer là ne fault, comme au chant des Sirenes, ains à plus hault sens interpreter ce que par adventure cuidiez dict en gayeté de cueur. (Gargantua, prologuecelle de Montaigne,Il y a plus affaire à interpreter les interpretations qu’à interpreter les choses, ...

  9. Mutual interference between adult females of Galendromus flumenis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) feeding on eggs of Banks grass mite decreases predation efficiency and increases emigration rate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ganjisaffar, Fatemeh; Nachman, Gøsta Støger; Perring, Thomas M.

    2017-01-01

    : Phytoseiidae). In California date gardens, this predator is found in low numbers that are insufficient for the economic suppression of Banks grass mites, and our research aims to understand why it fails to keep up with prey densities. The hypothesis that prey density and predator interference interactively......The Banks grass mite, Oligonychus pratensis (Banks) (Acari: Tetranychidae) causes significant damage to dates in California (USA), if not controlled. Studies are underway to develop biological control strategies against this pest in dates using the predatory mite Galendromus flumenis (Chant) (Acari...

  10. Rituals in Death and Dying: Modern Medical Technologies Enter the Fray

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Gordon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the absence of immortality, the human species has over the millennia developed rites and rituals to help in the passing of life to honor the person who is dying or has died or in some way demonstrate their “courage” and perseverance as well as duty even in the face of almost certain death. The centuries-old traditions of the gathering of loved ones, the chanting of prayers, the ritual religious blessings are in the process of being replaced by the “miracles” of modern medical technology.

  11. Le zapping, les ethnologues, et leurs Indiens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédérique Langue

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Comme toujours s'agissant des expositions mises en scène au Grand Palais, la présentation est parfaite, impeccable. La mise en valeur des objets venus aussi bien de musées brésiliens qu'européens, et les commentaires qui les accompagnent, orientent le visiteur dans un labyrinthe "exotique" de poteries et d'objets de plume, coupé de temps à autre de documentaires portant sur les rituels amérindiens, chants psalmodiques à l'appui. L'auditoire y semble comme vissé sur place, davantage d'ailleur...

  12. Alcohol Use in College: The Relationship Between Religion, Spirituality, and Proscriptive Attitudes Toward Alcohol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kathol, Nicole; Sgoutas-Emch, Sandra

    2017-04-01

    Developing interventions to address the problem of college drinking requires the identification of contributing factors to drinking behavior. It is believed that religion and spirituality (R/S) play a role, but the mechanism is unclear. Using a multi-dimensional R/S measure, an alcohol behavior inventory, and a religious affiliation proscription question, this study was designed to dive deeper into this connection. This study found that religious singing/chanting and reading sacred text were the best predictors of lower alcohol consumption. Furthermore, participants who perceive their religious tradition to be proscriptive reported less alcohol consumption and higher religious/spiritual profiles.

  13. A Fundamental Step in IPM on Grapevine: Evaluating the Side Effects of Pesticides on Predatory Mites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Pozzebon

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge on side effects of pesticides on non-target beneficial arthropods is a key point in Integrated Pest Management (IPM. Here we present the results of four experiments conducted in vineyards where the effects of chlorpyrifos, thiamethoxam, indoxacarb, flufenoxuron, and tebufenozide were evaluated on the generalist predatory mites Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten and Amblyseius andersoni (Chant, key biocontrol agents of herbivorous mites on grapevines. Results show that indoxacarb and tebufenozide had a low impact on the predatory mites considered here, while a significant impact was observed for chlorpyrifos, flufenoxuron, and thiamethoxam. The information obtained here should be considered in the design of IPM strategies on grapevine.

  14. BANQUETS, OUTMODED DELICACIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Maffei

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Os Lusíadas in its Chant VI presents some of the central issues of the poem. One of them relates to a series of developments that advertise themselves, in that point on the narrative to explode in future moments, from dicho­tomies that oppose, apparently, pleasure with food vs. sacrificial value, for instance. The delicacies and banquets are points of departure and arrival for much of this discussion, that envolves Veloso, Venus, Bacchus, wine, love and so on.

  15. La memoria fiorita. Scrittura, memoria e materialita’ del colore nell’antica Mesoamerica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davide Domenici

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a cultural-historical interpretation of the data deriving from scientific analyses carried by the mobile laboratory MOLAB (SMAArt, University of Perugia-CNR carried out on Mesoamerican manuscripts, providing hints on pictorial techniques and on the relationships between technological traditions and linguistic, stylistic and thematic issues. Comparing different data, we will explore the emic perception of the manuscripts’ materiality, linking the use of organic dyes obtained from flowers with indigenous notions about writing, chanting, brilliance and flowers’ colour.

  16. Sisyawaytii tarawaytii : sifflements serpentins et autres voix d’esprits dans le chamanisme quechua du haut Pastaza (Amazonie péruvienne)

    OpenAIRE

    Gutierrez Choquevilca, Andréa-Luz

    2014-01-01

    Sisyawaytii tarawaytii : sifflements serpentins et autres voix d’esprits dans le chamanisme quechua du haut Pastaza (Amazonie péruvienne). L’article analyse les techniques d’interpellations sonores des esprits dans un répertoire de chants rituels quechua en contextes cynégétique et thérapeutique. Adoptant une perspective pragmatique, l’auteur décrit les conditions d’apprentissage du savoir rituel et focalise son attention sur un dispositif de mise en abîme de la voix des esprits dans l’énonci...

  17. Effet du régime hydrique sur les rendements du gombo en culture ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La teneur en eau des feuilles par rapport à la masse sèche, la hauteur moyenne des plantes ... d'eau. Indépendamment du régime hydrique et de la période de culture, l'écotype 22 s'est révélé être le plus productif. Mots clés : contre-saison, fréquence d'arrosage, gombo; ..... Cet état de fait est dû aux vents desséchant.

  18. Ritual. Medieval Liturgy and the Senses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2015-01-01

    , and movement within that setting. Also visual artefacts and in some cases, the 'sacramental' use of material objects were involved. In a particular ceremony, carried out since Antiquity on the basis of John 13:1-17, the narrative of Jesus washing the feet of the disciples, the singing of chants was combined...... with the actual washing of the feet of either monks or poor people. The combination of words and melodies with elaborate melismas, and the further sensorial staging and setting of the ceremony produced a 'polyphony' of media, which can be analysed by way of early medieval notions of sacrament. The chapter also...

  19. Starstruck

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    If you marvelled at the Oracle of Delphi, you will be thrilled by the song of the star! Following the show on antimatter that it staged at CERN last year, the Miméscope company is now presenting a new production that also comprises elements of the scientific, the acrobatic and the poetic. As part of the 'Science at the Theatre' series at Geneva's Grütli Theatre, Miméscope invites you on a voyage of discovery of the stars. 'Le Chant de l'Etoile', a production that is both informative and entertaining, tackles the theme of the life and death of the stars. As in its earlier productions, Miméscope combines the arts of mime, aerial acrobatics, tricks of light, music and prose.   Le Chant de l'Etoile Grütli Theatre 16, rue Général-Dufour, Geneva From 5th to 28th March 2002 Tuesdays 7.00 p.m. Wednesdays to Saturdays 8.00 p.m. Sundays 6.00 p.m. Reservations + 41 22 328 98 78

  20. Tentative de suicide poétique de la voix poématique nerudienne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Casimiro

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available La souffrance nérudienne, fondamentale dans la trajectoire poétique du poète chilien, est la traduction et l’entreprise improbable d’une survie poétique: de cette même douleur naîtra un chant poétique sonore et total. Paradoxe ultime, le dialogue avec les morts de la Guerre civile espagnole (1936-1939, eux aussi souffrants, puis avec les voix disparues des anciens indiens (dans le Chant général permettra au sujet nérudien d’accepter la part mortelle qui est en lui, mais également d’aller plus avant dans le son et la transparence. Source de création poétique et de révolution esthétique, la souffrance conduit à la création d’une voix et d’une langue poétiques nouvelles pour dire toute la vie et toutes les morts de l’homme universel.

  1. El canto popular entre política y religión: la visión de Mário de Andrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enea Zaramella

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Mário de Andrade identifies rhythm as the common structural underpinning between poetry and song. Rhythm is also the apple of discord between them, since it is with rhythm that we are able to note the fundamental distinction between the sung and the spoken word. As well as differentiating language by means of its use, popular song also fluctuates rhythmically; that is, it has another ‘wave’ (or mood which varies depending on a series of other factors, which Andrade calls to mind. By considering 'canto' (chant in psycho-physical terms, this essay offers an interpretation of Andrade’s reading of the masses present at one political event in 1930 described in “Dinamogenias políticas.” Moreover, this paper connects the political with the religious practices introduced in Brazil by the Jesuits, focusing above all on the Gregorian chant. I propose that with his “Crítica do gregoriano” Andrade offers a counterpoint by which to understand popular music in Brazil.

  2. AHP 37: WITNESS TO CHANGE: A TIBETAN WOMAN RECALLS HER LIFE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nangchukja སྙིང་ལྕགས་རྒྱལ།

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Women play a critical role in rural Tibetan households. As youths and adults, they engage in labor-intensive chores, including farming, herding, fetching water, cooking, tailoring, cleaning, collecting fuel, and child care. In their old age, most Tibetan women dedicate themselves to chanting, prostrating, going on pilgrimage, and meditating. Prior to the early twenty-first century, in such areas as Mang ra County in A mdo, 1 women seldom traveled away from their family and community for work, though nomadic women seasonally traveled long distances between summer and winter camps with their family's livestock. Farming and herding have sustained life on the Tibetan Plateau for millennia. These traditional lifestyles have been changing in most Tibetan communities today in China's rapidly urbanizing society. Despite the massive transformations that have taken place in A mdo over the last sixty years, much continuity remains in how Tibetan women in A mdo spend their time. In 2015, average women in their forties and above are still actively engaged in such religious practices as chanting, prostrating, going on pilgrimage, and meditating. This paper presents the life-story of an elder Tibetan woman, Lha mtsho (b. 1946. Similar to many other Tibetan women born in the late 1940s, she was witness to the chaos of 1958, the Great Leap Forward (1958-1961, the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976, and also saw China's economic reform and development from the late 1970s up until today. ...

  3. Chinese Immigrant Religious Institutions’ Variability in Views on Preventing Sexual Transmission of HIV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neilands, Torsten B.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives. We examined Chinese immigrant religious institutions’ views on teaching about preventing sexual transmission of HIV and the consistency of their views with public health best practices in HIV prevention. Methods. We used 2009 to 2011 survey data from 712 members of 20 New York City–based Chinese immigrant religious institutions to analyze their views on (1) teaching adolescents about condoms, (2) discussing homosexuality nonjudgmentally, and (3) promoting abstinence until marriage. Results. Religion type was a significant predictor of views in the 3 domains, with Evangelical Protestants in least agreement with public health best practices, Buddhists in most agreement, and mainline Protestants between them. Greater HIV knowledge was significantly associated with agreement with best practices in all 3 domains. The frequency of prayer, meditation, or chanting and the level of acculturation were significant predictors of views on teaching adolescents about condoms and promoting abstinence until marriage. Conclusions. The best practice messages about HIV prevention that Chinese immigrant religious institutions find acceptable vary according to religion type and several other key factors, including HIV knowledge; frequency of prayer, meditation, or chanting; and level of acculturation. PMID:26562121

  4. Toxicidade de natuneem sobre Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae e ácaros predadores da família Phytoseiidae Toxicity of the natuneem over the Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae and mites predators from the family Phytoseiidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilda Maria Brito

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available A toxicidade de diferentes concentrações de Natuneem a Tetranychus urticae Koch e a dois ácaros predadores, Euseius alatus De Leon e Phytoseiulus macropilis (Banks, foi estudada. Foi avaliada a toxicidade sobre ovos, e o efeito residual e repelente, sobre adultos. O tratamento dos ovos consistiu na imersão em diluições de Natuneem por cinco segundos, e o efeito residual e repelente sobre adultos consistiu na imersão de discos de folhas de Canavalia ensiformes (L. DC. também em diluições por cinco segundos. Natuneem foi repelente para T. urticae e E. alatus, quando testado nas concentrações de 0,25; 0,50 e 1,00%, e exibiu efeito neutro para P. macropilis. A toxicidade de Natuneem a ovos e adultos foi maior para T. urticae comparada à toxicidade observada para os ácaros predadores. A fecundidade de T. urticae foi reduzida significativamente por Natuneem em todas as concentrações, enquanto para os ácaros predadores a redução foi significante apenas nas maiores concentrações. Natuneem, nas concentrações testadas, apresentou melhor ação sobre o ácaro-rajado e menor impacto para os ácaros predadores.The toxicity of the Natuneem at different concentrations for both Tetranychus urticae Koch and two predatory mites Euseius alatus De Leon and Phytoseiulus macropilis (Banks were studied. The toxicity on eggs, and the residual and repellent effects on adults was evaluated. Egg treatment consisted on dipping eggs into Natuneem dilutions for five seconds; and residual and repellent effects for adults consisted on dipping leaf discs of Canavalia ensiformes (L. DC. into the dilutions for five seconds. Natuneem was repellent for T. urticae and E. alatus at the concentrations 0.25, 0.50 and 1.0%, and exhibited neutral effect on P. macropilis. The toxicity of Natuneem on eggs and adults was greater for T. urticae compared to the toxicity on predatory mites. The fecundity of T. urticae was reduced significantly by Natuneem in all

  5. Monitoraggio della biodiversità in relazione all’applicazione degli standard di condizionalità: 4.2c, 4.6, 4.3 (olivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Corti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Nel presente lavoro vengono riportati i risultati relativi ai monitoraggi della diversità faunistica per i seguenti standard: 4.2c, 4.3 (olivo, 4.6. I risultati ottenuti sono nel complesso interessanti sia dal punto di vista metodologico sia per quanto concerne gli aspetti conservazionistici e gestionali. Emerge l’importanza di utilizzare più indicatori o gruppi tassonomici che comprendano taxa ecologicamente e funzionalmente diversi per valutare la “biodiversità”. Relativamente allo sfalcio è stato osservato che una “blanda gestione” dei ritirati dalla produzione può favorire un certo incremento di biodiversità sia per quanto riguarda gli Artropodi, sia per quanto riguarda i Rettili. Risultati concordi sono stati osservati anche negli oliveti dove la gestione della vegetazione al suolo (sfalcio sembrerebbe incrementare la diversità. Tuttavia è opportuno ricordare che l’effetto monitorato, almeno nei ritirati dalla produzione, non è quello immediatamente successivo all’azione meccanica che invece provoca danni diretti e immediati alla fauna (ferimento e uccisione. Emerge con evidenza dai dati raccolti anche l’importanza della presenza, all’interno degli agro-ecosistemi, di aree a minor disturbo antropico, naturali e semi-naturali: fasce ecotonali e ripariali, ma anche bordure dei campi. Viceversa l’uniformità del paesaggio e la presenza di grandi estensioni coltivate a monocoltura rappresentano elementi sfavorevoli alla biodiversità animale. Nel monitoraggio attraverso l’utilizzo della tecnica di fototrappolaggio è emersa l’importante funzione svolta dai muretti a secco, “presenze” tipiche e diffuse nel paesaggio agricolo tradizionale del nostro territorio italiano. Per molti taxa animali detti manufatti assolvono a funzioni ecologiche diverse, quali: rifugio, aree di foraggiamento, passaggio o sosta nonché punti ottimali per la termoregolazione.

  6. [Mites (Acari) from rubber trees (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg., Euphorbiaceae) and spontaneous euphorbiaceous in rubber trees cultivation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellini, Marcos R; Feres, Reinaldo J F; Buosi, Renato

    2008-01-01

    Quarterly samples were done in 2001 on three rubber tree plantation in the northwest of the state of São Paulo. Three rubber trees of each locality were sampled. Between the rows of rubber tree four species of spontaneous euphorbiaceous were collected: Chamaesyce hirta, C. hyssopifolia, Euphorbia heterophylla and Phyllanthus tenellus. A total of 8.954 mites of 38 species, belonging to 31 genera of 11 families were collected. Tydeidae and Phytoseiidae had the highest diversity of species, 9 and 7, respectively. The most abundant families were Eriophyidae (3.594), Tydeidae (2.825) and Tenuipalpidae (1.027). The most abundant species on the rubber trees were: phytophagous - Calacarus heveae Feres, Tenuipalpus heveae Baker, Lorryia sp.2, Lorryia formosa Cooreman and Lorryia sp.1; predators - Zetzellia quasagistemas Hernandes & Feres, Pronematus sp., Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma and Euseius citrifolius Denmark & Muma. Among the spontaneous euphorbiaceous, predatory mites were abundantly found on C. hirta and E. heterophylla, mainly Pronematus sp. and E. citrifolius, suggesting that these plants could be important in the maintenance of these predators in the rubber tree cultivation areas. However, plants that can shelter predators and at the same time exert strong competition (nutrients, water etc) to rubber trees, can not be recommended for pest management programs. Studies about competition between rubber trees and spontaneous plants need to be conducted for feasible efficient programs of environmental management, aiming at the control of pest mites of rubber tree.

  7. Búsqueda de enemigos naturales nativos de Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande(thysanoptera: thripidae, sobre Dendranthema grandijlorum en el municipio de Piendamo, cauca.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castro V. Ulises

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available En la empresa "Flores del Cauca" en el municipio de Piendamó a 1S00 m.s.n.m. con temperatura promedia de 18° C y HR de SO ± 5%, se hizo una búsqueda de enemigos naturales nativos de F. occidentalis (Thysanóptera: Thripidae sobre eras experimentales de Dendranthema grandiflorum libres de control químico. La búsqueda se extendió a los hospedantes alternos del tisanóptero en áreas aledañas al cultivo. Semanalmente se cosechaban plantas de crisantemo, se llevaban al laboratorio para la recolección de thrips y sus enemigos naturales nativos. En el laboratorio se realizaron bioensayos para probar la acción depredadora de algunos de los enemigos de F. occídentalis que fueron encontrados en crisantemo. Se encontraron los siguientes enemigos naturales nativos: El hemíptero Orius sp. (Anthocoridae. los ácaros Amblyseius herbjcolus. Euseius naindaimei y Thyplodromalus peregrinus (Phytoseiidae, larvas de Chrysopidae; los thrips leptothirs sp. y Haplotrips gowdeyi (Phlaeothripidae, un ácaro de la familia Ascidae; difereflles especies de arañas; larvas de la familia Coccinellidae y adultos de F. occidentalis infectados por hongos no identificados.

  8. Ocorrência e diversidade de ácaros (Acari, Arachnida associados a Tabebuia roseo-alba (Ridl. Sand (Bignoniaceae, no município de São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feres Reinaldo José Fazzio

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This study reports the mite fauna associated with Tabebuia roseo-alba, a native and ornamental tree, determining the abundance and seasonal occurrence of species and the diversity of the community. Twenty three species were found belonging to 11 families, 10 of predatory habits and five phytophagous. The food habits of the eight remaining species are not known. Besides the great richness, the diversity was small, as consequence of the dominance of Lorryia formosa Cooreman, 1958 and Aculus sp., the most abundant species. These species occurred in the same microhabitat but with seasonal segregation: L. formosa was the most abundant in the dry season, while Aculus sp. occurred only in the rainy season. In August, when the plant lost its leaves, the following species were found in the apical branch structures: Brevipalpus sp. (aff. phoenicis, Cheletogenes sp., Euseius citrifolius Denmark & Muma, 1970, Lorryia formosa, Pronematus sp., and diapause females of Tenuipalponychus tabebuiae Aguilar, Flechtmann & Ochoa, 1991. In September, with leaves growing again, Aceria sp. was the only species on the plant, and its abundance decreased accentuately in October. The richness and the abundance of the mite fauna were not correlated with the temperature or the precipitation. These data suggest that the plant phenology was more important than the climate in the occurrence of species.

  9. Efficacy of five acaricides against the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch and their side effects on some natural enemies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel A. Abou El-Ela

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Five acaricides, Challenger, Ortus, Vertimec, Delmite and Bioca were investigated for controlling phytophagous mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch and their side effects on the predatory insects, mites and spiders at the El-Fayoum Governorate of cotton seedlings during the late season of 2007 and 2008. At the early seedling time, the application of the five tested compounds induced an average of 81.55%, 80.62%, 75.94%, 65.35% and 54.57% reduction in the population of spider mite during the 2007 season, and then changed to 79.72%, 77.92%, 72.54%, 60.05% and 47.97% reduction during the 2008 season. However, at the late season (fruiting time, the application of these compounds induced 83.24%, 84.11%, 76.34%, 56.29% and 59.57% reduction during the 2007 season changed to 84.78%, 84.94%, 77.31%, 55.58% and 58.68% reduction during 2008, respectively. As to the natural enemies, the highest reduction in the population after using the tested compounds was noticed for effect of Delmite during 2007 (33.79%, while the lowest ratio recorded when Ortus was used in the second season 2008 (18.53%. The side effect of the most important tested compounds (Challenger was investigated in the laboratory against the predatory phytoseiid mite, Euseius scutalis.

  10. Efficacy of indigenous predatory mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) against the citrus rust mite Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Acari: Eriophyidae): augmentation and conservation biological control in Israeli citrus orchards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maoz, Yonatan; Gal, Shira; Argov, Yael; Domeratzky, Sylvie; Melamed, Eti; Gan-Mor, Samuel; Coll, Moshe; Palevsky, Eric

    2014-07-01

    The citrus rust mite (CRM), Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Acari: Eriophyidae) is a cosmopolitan key pest of citrus, inflicting severe economic damage if not controlled. In Israel, CRM damages all citrus cultivars. International regulation and increasing control failures of CRM led growers to seek sustainable biological control solutions such as acarine biological control agents. Laboratory studies conducted in Israel have indicated that the indigenous predator species Amblyseius swirskii, Iphiseius degenerans, Typhlodromus athiasae and Euseius scutalis (all Acari: Phytoseiidae) can potentially control CRM. Our general objective in the present study was to bridge the gap of knowledge between laboratory studies and the lack of control efficacy of these species in commercial orchards. Predator augmentation in the field showed that although predator populations increased immediately following releases they later decreased and did not affect CRM populations. When A. swirskii augmentation was combined with a series of maize pollen applications, A. swirskii populations were enhanced substantially and continuously but again CRM populations were not affected. Growth chamber studies with CRM-infested seedlings, with or without a maize pollen supplement, indicated that pollen provisioning led to population increase of E. scutalis and A. swirskii but only E. scutalis significantly lowered CRM populations. Control with E. scutalis was confirmed in the field on CRM infested seedlings with pollen provisioned by adjacent flowering Rhodes grass. While experiments in mature citrus orchard showed that pollen supplement usually increased predator populations they also indicated that other factors such as intraguild interactions and pesticide treatments should be taken into account when devising CRM biological control programs.

  11. [Mites (Acari) associated to Myrtaceae in areas of Cerrado in the State of São Paulo with faunistic analysis of families Tarsonemidae and Phytoseiidae].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lofego, Antonio C; de Moraes, Gilberto J

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine and to analyse the diversity of mites on native Myrtaceae of the "Cerrado" vegetation type of the State of São Paulo, with particular attention to the families Phytoseiidae and Tarsonemidae. In the year 2000, mites were collected from Myrtaceae species in three "Cerrado" areas in the State of São Paulo. Samples of leaves, flowers and fruits were taken from three plant of each species in each site. Mites of 49 genera belonging to 14 families were found. Fourteen phytoseiid species of nine genera and 19 tarsonemid species of six genera were collected. The most abundant phytoseiids were Euseius citrifolius Denmark & Muma, Transeius bellottii (Moraes & Mesa) and Amblyseius acalyphus Denmark & Muma. The most abundant tarsonemids were Daidalotarsonemus tesselatus DeLeon, Daidalotarsonemus folisetae Lofego & Ochoa and Metatarsonemus megasolenidii Lofego & Ochoa. The highest indexes of diversity of phytoseiids and tarsonemids were observed in the fall; the lowest indexes were found in the winter for phytoseiids and in the spring for tarsonemids. Taking into consideration the total number of phytoseiids and tarsonemids collected in this work, the corresponding indexes of diversity (Shannon) were similar and close to 2.0. Different predatory mite species prevailed on distinct plant species, indicating the complementariness of the latter as reservoirs of the former.

  12. Single versus multiple enemies and the impact on biological control of spider mites in cassava fields in West-Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onzo, Alexis; Sabelis, Maurice W; Hanna, Rachid

    2014-03-01

    To determine whether to use single or multiple predator species for biological pest control requires manipulative field experiments. We performed such tests in Benin (West Africa) in cassava fields infested by the cassava green mite Mononychellus tanajoa, and the cotton red mite Oligonychus gossypii. These fields also harboured the cassava apex-inhabiting predator Typhlodromalus aripo and either the leaf-inhabiting predator Amblydromalus manihoti or Euseius fustis. We manipulated predator species composition on individual plants to determine their effect on prey and predator densities. In fields with T. aripo plus A. manihoti, M. tanajoa densities were reduced by T. aripo alone or together with A. manihoti, but neither of these predators, alone or together, reduced O. gossypii densities. In fields with T. aripo plus E. fustis, T. aripo alone or together with E. fustis exerted significant control over O. gossypii, but weak control over M. tanajoa. Densities of any of the predator species were not affected by co-occurring predator species, suggesting a minor role for intraguild predation in the field, contrary to earlier experiments on small plants in the laboratory. We conclude that (1) T. aripo is the most effective predator species in suppressing M. tanajoa, (2) two predator species, T. aripo and E. fustis, are needed to suppress O. gossypii, and (3) predator species together on the same plant do not negatively affect each other nor the extent to which they control their prey. We argue that intraguild predation is reduced due to partial niche separation among predator species.

  13. Potential lethal and non-lethal effects of predators on dispersal of spider mites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otsuki, Hatsune; Yano, Shuichi

    2014-11-01

    Predators can affect prey dispersal lethally by direct consumption or non-lethally by making prey hesitate to disperse. These lethal and non-lethal effects are detectable only in systems where prey can disperse between multiple patches. However, most studies have drawn their conclusions concerning the ability of predatory mites to suppress spider mites based on observations of their interactions on a single patch or on heavily infested host plants where spider mites could hardly disperse toward intact patches. In these systems, specialist predatory mites that penetrate protective webs produced by spider mites quickly suppress the spider mites, whereas generalist predators that cannot penetrate the webs were ineffective. By using a connected patch system, we revealed that a generalist ant, Pristomyrmex punctatus Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), effectively prevented dispersal of spider mites, Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae), by directly consuming dispersing individuals. We also revealed that a generalist predatory mite, Euseius sojaensis Ehara (Acari: Phytoseiidae), prevented between-patch dispersal of T. kanzawai by making them hesitate to disperse. In contrast, a specialist phytoseiid predatory mite, Neoseiulus womersleyi Schicha, allowed spider mites to escape an initial patch, increasing the number of colonized patches within the system. Our results suggest that ants and generalist predatory mites can effectively suppress Tetranychus species under some conditions, and should receive more attention as agents for conservation biological control in agroecosystems.

  14. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite markers in Tetranychus urticae and cross amplification in other Tetranychidae and Phytoseiidae species of economic importance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabater-Muñoz, B; Pascual-Ruiz, S; Gómez-Martínez, M A; Jacas, J A; Hurtado, M A

    2012-05-01

    Tetranychus urticae Koch is a cosmopolitan phytophagous mite considered as the most polyphagous species among spider mites. Population genetic studies using molecular markers such as microsatellites have proven to be extremely informative to address questions about population structure, phylogeography and host preferences. The aim of this study was to increase the available molecular tools to gain insight into the genetic structure of T. urticae populations of citrus orchards, which might help in their management. Five microsatellite DNA libraries were developed using probes with the motifs CT, CTT, GT and CAC following the FIASCO protocol. Positive clones, those that included the insert with the microsatellite, were detected using the PIMA-PCR technique. Combinations of primers were designed on 22 out of 32 new microsatellites loci and their polymorphism was tested in four populations sampled along the eastern coast of Spain. Eleven successful amplifications were obtained. Cross amplification was tested in the tetranychids Aphlonobia histricina, Eutetranychus banksi, E. orientalis, Oligonychus perseae, Panonychus citri, Tetranychus evansi, T. okinawanus and T. turkestani, and the phytoseiids Amblyseius swirskii, A. cucumeris, A. andersoni, Euseius stipulatus, Neoseiulus barkeri, N. californicus, Phytoseiulus persimilis and Typhlodromus phialatus. Eight successful cross amplifications were obtained.

  15. Relative contribution of biotic and abiotic factors to the population density of the cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa (Acari: Tetranychidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rêgo, Adriano S; Teodoro, Adenir V; Maciel, Anilde G S; Sarmento, Renato A

    2013-08-01

    The cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa, is a key pest of cassava, Manihot esculenta Crantz (Euphorbiaceae), and it may be kept in check by naturally occurring predatory mites of the family Phytoseiidae. In addition to predatory mites, abiotic factors may also contribute to regulate pest mite populations in the field. Here, we evaluated the population densities of both M. tanajoa and the generalist predatory mite Euseius ho DeLeon (Acari: Phytoseiidae) over the cultivation cycle (11 months) of cassava in four study sites located around the city of Miranda do Norte, Maranhão, Brazil. The abiotic variables rainfall, temperature and relative humidity were also recorded throughout the cultivation cycle of cassava. We determined the relative importance of biotic (density of E. ho) and abiotic (rainfall, temperature and relative humidity) factors to the density of M. tanajoa. The density of M. tanajoa increased whereas the density of E. ho remained constant throughout time. A hierarchical partitioning analysis revealed that most of the variance for the density of M. tanajoa was explained by rainfall and relative humidity followed by E. ho density and temperature. We conclude that abiotic factors, especially rainfall, were the main mechanisms driving M. tanajoa densities.

  16. La mujer tenaza en la emancipación de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Emiro Piragauta Montaña

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It should be given more importance to the story, because in the last decades has been relegated in schools to remember a historic date, very few resources and momentum that have been given him. The story has huge advantages because through it we find the reason of human beings, their beliefs, their chants, songs, stories, oral transmission, science, art, their minds, their writing, their heroes, their heroes and heroines and so everything that makes the man and the changes he makes in favor of a society. The story has come to us through research that is done rigorously, so that each part of Colombian territory has something to tell and where it has left its mark, but many times we do not know, or who knows and is lost in time, new generations have lost their attachment to their homeland.

  17. AHP 47: TRICKING THE LANDLORD'S FRIEND AGAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tshe dbang rdo rje ཚེ་དབང་རྡོ་རྗེ། (Caixiangduojie 才项多杰

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available One morning Uncle Ston pa was going to have breakfast when he saw Tshe ring, the oil merchant whom he had tricked, coming to take revenge. Uncle Ston pa jumped up and ran for a long time on an empty stomach. At around noon he saw a nunnery in the distance. Even though he was exhausted from hunger and thirst, he used his last bit of strength to dash to the gate. It was locked. He heard many nuns chanting loudly inside. He called to the nuns to open the door, but he was so exhausted that his voice was very low. Finally, he gave up and lay in the shade of a prayer pole by the gate, hoping someone would eventually come. ...

  18. Solène Daoudal, Sirènes romanes en Poitou, XIe-XIIe siècles. Avatars sculptés d’une figure mythique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didier Lett

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Vers 1140, dans la toute dernière lettre qu’il adresse à Héloïse, comme pour se rassurer face à « l’histoire de ses malheurs », Abélard termine par ces mots : « A l'abri de cette foi salutaire, je ne crains pas les aboiements de Scylla, je me ris des gouffres de Charybde, et j’entends sans frémir les chants des sirènes. Si la tempête éclate, je ne suis pas renversé. Si les vents grondent, je ne suis pas ému. Je suis fondé sur une pierre inébranlable ». Dans cet autoportrait du penseur scolast...

  19. En/quête d’identité - une introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Mihăilescu, Vintilă

    1996-01-01

    A l’instant où, devant les articles qui composent ce volume, nous essayons d’écrire cette introduction, une image d’enfance nous revient à l’esprit : un méchant petit nain, du nom de Rumpelstilchen, danse dans sa forêt autour d’un feu tout en chantant : « Ach wie gut dass niemand weiss, Das ich Rumpelstilchen heis » (Heureusement que personne ne sait que Rumpelstilchen est mon nom). C’est un conte des frères Grimm dans lequel tout le pouvoir du petit esprit de la forêt réside dans le fait que...

  20. Le féminisme pris aux pièges

    OpenAIRE

    Pheterson, Gail

    2010-01-01

    Cet article esquisse l’éloignement des tendances dominantes du féminisme de la lutte contre le sexisme institutionnel et idéologique, notamment en s’alliant avec les gouvernements pour « protéger » les femmes contre la violence hors-la-loi, et en lâchant les coalitions entre femmes dans l’espoir d’accéder aux droits en tant que minorité sexuelle. Au début des années 1980, d’intenses débats ont eu lieu entre féministes dites anti-violence/anti-prostitution et celles pro-droits/pro-sexe. Celles...

  1. « Glamour », quand tu nous tiens…

    OpenAIRE

    Suhner, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    L’« affaire » a pris une ampleur inattendue dans le microcosme du cinéma suisse : lorsque l’Office fédéral de la culture a mis sur pied « sa » journée du cinéma suisse en collaboration avec la direction du Festival de Locarno, elle n’imaginait sans doute pas se retrouver dans le rôle du grand méchant loup qui s’attaque au frêle léopard. C’est pourtant ce qui s’est produit lors du débat intitulé « Glamour ! Carpets ! Awards ! What for ? ». Car cette discussion, qui se voulait une réflexion con...

  2. Systèmes coutumiers, centralisme juridique de l'Etat et usages du droit

    OpenAIRE

    Dupret, Baudouin

    2001-01-01

    Il est de notoriété qu'au Yémen la justice coutumière est encore active, prépondérante, voire exclusive dans certaines régions. Pourtant, il existe peu de travaux la prenant pour objet et tâchant de mesurer l'impact de la construction étatique ­ et de son corollaire, l'instauration d'une justice civile centralisée ­ sur cette justice. Ce n'est pas tant que la recherche anthropologique se soit désintéressée du Yémen, loin s'en faut. Il suffit, à cet égard, de citer les travaux de Serjea...

  3. Ile de La Réunion, Maloya, Firmin Vir

    OpenAIRE

    Samson, Guillaume

    2012-01-01

    Après les trois volumes consacrés aux ségas des îles Maurice (560019, 560137) et Rodrigues (580060), la collection Ocora complète, avec ces enregistrements de maloya réunionnais, une série de quatre disques sur les îles Mascareignes. Le maloya est revendiqué à La Réunion comme étant la plus « africaine» des musiques créoles pratiquées localement. Il s’agit essentiellement de chants qui sont exécutés en alternance responsoriale (soliste-chœur) avec un accompagnement rythmique à deux temps appr...

  4. MODELAGEM NUMÉRICA DA IRRADIAÇÃO SOLAR COMO MÉTODO ALTERNATIVO NA AVALIAÇÃO DO POTENCIAL ENERGÉTICO DISPONÍVEL SOLAR IRRADIATION NUMERICAL MODELING AS ALTERNATIVE METHOD IN EVALUATING OF AVAILABLE ENERGY POTENTIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Ceconi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Numerical modeling is an important tool for estimating and forecasting the renewable energy resources necessary for developing and operating solar power plants. The article presents the analysis performed in the development and adaptation of empirical models to estimate solar radiation at the surface on two scopes: with local coverage for selected sites and regional coverage for the entire Brazilian territory. Low statistical deviations between model estimates and surface measurements (17% to 23% RMSE for ALL model and 15% to 26% for local models demonstrated the reliable performance of developed models. Additionally, two classic models (Ruth and Chant, 1976; Collares-Pereira and Rabl, 1979 and the local model performances were compared for São Martinho da Serra. The results showed a good agreement between the estimatesprovided by the three models and ground measurements, except for clear sky days (Kt > 0.7, in which the local model is better than classic models.

  5. Theatre

    CERN Multimedia

    Théâtre les 50

    2010-01-01

    Offrez un cadeau culturel   Le Théâtre Les 50 de Saint Jean de Gonville propose des places de théâtre comme cadeau de Noël ou de Nouvel An Les spectacles de janvier :  LA SŒUR CADETTE DE LA POMPADOUR    - ARAGON CHANTE ET PARLE : Ferré, Ferrat, Brassens Vous trouverez tous les détails des spectacles sur le site : www.theatreles50.fr Pour plus de renseignements sur cette offre vous pouvez nous envoyer un mail ou nous téléphoner :  contact@theatreles50.fr  -  00 33 (0)450 56 37 77  

  6. Séminaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available La composition de l'Odyssée Ce séminaire a repris le problème de la composition de l'Odyssée. Après avoir fait le point sur la critique homérique et analysé les apports essentiels fournis par les études qui se sont intéressées aux codes narratifs mis en œuvre par les traditions de poésie orale, ont été discutés des éléments du poème que la critique a souvent eu tendance à considérer comme superficiellement rattaché à l'ensemble : l'Orestie (rapport entre chants XI et XXIV, les récits de l'in...

  7. Remembering and Recreating Origins: The Transformation of a Tradition of Canonical Parallelism among the Rotenese of Eastern Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James J. Fox

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines and illustrates key oral traditions of canonical parallelism among the Rotenese of eastern Indonesia. The Rotenese are concerned with maintaining a knowledge of origins and the poets who perpetuate this knowledge are known for their ability to recount long chants that reveal these origins. On Rote, a traditional ritual canon of origins that recounts relations between Sun and Moon and the Lords of the Sea has now been complemented by a Christian canon based on the appropriation of Biblical knowledge. This Christian canon strictly adheres to the paired lexicon and rules of composition of the traditional canon, but has developed its own appropriate lexicon of theological pairings. Another, lesser canon has also begun to emerge to recount the celebration of national origins. All of these canons now form part of a continuing body of creative traditions expressed in the paired language of parallelism.

  8. AHP 13: Warming Your Hands with Moonlight

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.yu lha གཡུ་ལྷ།

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Lavrung is a little studied Qiangic language spoken by a small group of Tibetans in Rangtang County, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. This work provides the first monographic introduction to Lavrung Tibetans and their language and culture, focusing on the use of trilingual (Lavrung, Chinese, and Tibetan figurative speech in villagers' everyday discourse. Background on local oral traditions, including folktales, riddles, work songs, and secret curative chants, is also provided. A Lavrung-English word list, fifty-six full-color photographs, and several maps showing the location and distribution of Lavrung-speaking communities are also included. Audio and video related to this publication can be found at: http://www.oralliterature.org/collections/gyulha001.html

  9. SIM / SONGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Portes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans les États-Unis de 2006, la chanson contestataire n’est pas celle qui hante le plus les ondes : elle n’encombre pas les présentoirs des magasins de disque et ne mobilise pas le MP3. Une des seules exceptions est celle de « Strange Fruits », chantée pour la première fois par Billie Holliday en 1939 : elle a souvent été reprise et même été classée dans un bilan de l’an 2000 comme la meilleure chanson du XXe siècle.Certaines légendes attribuent rapidement à un chanteur une couronne de contes...

  10. Chapitre V. Les genres minoritaires au Patis

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    I) Le film musical « Le musical cinématographique… est indissociable de la naissance du cinéma parlant à la fin des années 1920. Le cinéma était fort bien préparé à l’arrivée de ce genre, tant en raison de l’accompagnement musical des films muets qu’en raison de l’importance des spectacles chantés et dansés dans d’autres sphères artistiques, comme le théâtre de music-hall ou la danse. Les années 1930 voient donc se codifier les multiples formes du musical. Deux axes principaux sont alors obse...

  11. Football and Memories of Croatian Fascism on Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tea Sindbæk

    2016-01-01

    On 19 November 2013, as Croatia’s national football team defeated Iceland and thus secured its participation in the World Championship, Croatian defender Josip Šimunić celebrated by leading a chant associated with the fascist Ustasha regime, known for its genocidal campaigns against Serbs, Jews...... and Roma in Croatia and Bosnia during the Second World War. As a result of his celebration, Šimunić was fined by Zagreb’s county court for inciting racist hatred and the International Football Association, FIFA, banned Šimunić from participating in 10 international matches including the World Championship....... By late November 2013, a facebook page set up in defense of Šimunić had received 150000 ‘likes’ and many lengthy comments. Moreover, the page promoted an online petition, soon signed by more than 30000, which aimed to convince FIFA that Šimunić was misunderstood. Both the facebook page and the petition...

  12. The Mechanic Eye: North American Visual Poetry in the Digital Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Goicoechea de Jorge

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-9288.2012v8n1p78 This paper offers a revision of North American visual poetry from the contemporary perspective of the digital revolution. From the Native American chants to the digital poetry found on the Web, it will explore the internal drives of this sort of poetic manifestations that have endured through different time periods, aesthetic currents and cultural functions despite the various mediums employed for their production and dissemination. Digital poetry nourishes itself from previous literary traditions as well as from the multimedia convergence favored by the digital medium. We will analyze these influences, and the new reading strategies required to contextualize and make sense out of the digital work of poetry. As readers and writers reorganize their reading pacts, researchers of literature face a new challenge: the polymorphic and metamorphosing liquid text made possible by the digital language

  13. PENGARUH MODERNISASI TERHADAP TRADISI PENDIDIKAN ANAK DALAM MASYARAKAT SUKU GAYO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukiman Sukiman

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The tradition of children education at Gayo typically begins since infant to childhood. At earlier stage, they learn by listening to chant, folktale, and learning from local Islamic scholars. However, in the modernization era, the tradition is worn off. Modernization has changed the youth at Gayo into spiritual depletion, lack in dynamic and creativity, moral degradation and inadequate friendship. To overcome the education crisis of the children in Gayo, it needs reorientation by integrated approach between the Islamic Shariah and the education tradition of Gayo. It is applied though functioning and coordinating between the official Islamic Shariah, the tradition institution of Gayo, and the deliberative board of ulama. Accordingly, the youth at Gayo will become more religious, godly and hold Islamic culture.

  14. Systèmes coutumiers, centralisme juridique de l'Etat et usages du droit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baudouin Dupret

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Il est de notoriété qu'au Yémen la justice coutumière est encore active, prépondérante, voire exclusive dans certaines régions. Pourtant, il existe peu de travaux la prenant pour objet et tâchant de mesurer l'impact de la construction étatique ­ et de son corollaire, l'instauration d'une justice civile centralisée ­ sur cette justice. Ce n'est pas tant que la recherche anthropologique se soit désintéressée du Yémen, loin s'en faut. Il suffit, à cet égard, de citer les travaux de Serjea...

  15. Wacana kolonial dalam film Moeder Dao, de schildpadgelijkende

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jugiarie Soegiarto

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Documentary maker Vincent Monnikendam compiled the film Mother Dao, theturtlelike (1995 from more than 200 titles of archived films of the Dutch-Indies,shot between 1912 to ca. 1933. This film is neither a remake nor an editedversion, but a kind of collage from those hundreds of archival films, all weresilent. Monnikendam re-arranged the images and provided them with a newsound frame, consisting of songs, chantings and poems, in Indonesian, OldJavanese, and Sundanese. This new composition is not just creative but alsoquite provocative. With this arrangement the cineast wanted to show that therewas something not quite right with colonialism. Through the new compositionof images and the sound framing we can observe the power relation betweenthe colonizer and the colonized. There are contrasts between the colonial andthe colonized, literally as well as metaphorically. These contrasts raised somequestions about the colonial discourse.

  16. Les bienfaits de la mondialisation

    OpenAIRE

    Denise Pumain

    2013-01-01

    Du pays qui impose un système d’échanges fondé sur l’hypothèse de l’efficacité des marchés, vient enfin une proposition de régulation des excès de l’évasion fiscale, que des officines spécialisées ont euphémisée en « optimisation ». La mesure suffira-t-elle à décourager les propositions alléchantes des paradis fiscaux et à rééquilibrer les forces entre le pouvoir des Etats et la finance spéculative ? La violence de la crise engendrée par ces excès depuis plus de cinq années, dont tant de pers...

  17. Patrice Blouin/Images du sport

    OpenAIRE

    Huitorel, Jean-Marc

    2012-01-01

    « Notre but, en effet, dans les pages qui vont suivre, est d’écrire une histoire du sport moderne par le biais de sa mise en images » (p. 18).  Enoncé en début de texte, le projet est alléchant et ambitieux. En fait, Images du sport pourrait aussi bien s’intituler Prolégomènes pour une histoire du sport, la thèse qui sous-tend l’entreprise étant que ladite histoire du sport se confond largement avec l’histoire de ses représentations et plus particulièrement, c’est du moins l’angle que privilé...

  18. AHP 40: SOCIALIZING WITH GODS IN THE MONGGHUL BOG RITUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Limusishiden (Li Dechun

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article introduces a communal ritual, known as Bog, as practiced among the Mongghul, a linguistically and culturally distinct group of people of the northeast Tibetan Plateau. The main activity of the Bog ritual involves deities and ancestral souls being invited to a sumptuous "banquet" where religious practitioners, called fashi, chant scriptures, sing, dance, joke, and burn incense to delight the "guests." This essay provides a thick description of the ritual. To provide context for this description, we introduce the community on which our description focuses, and also discuss the role of fashi. A chronological account of the ritual follows that includes not only descriptions of the ritual activities, but also interpretations of the meaning of these events from the perspective of the ritual practitioners. We also provide an analysis of the performances given during the ritual and how they contribute to creating a spectacle that delights both human and non-human participants.

  19. Chanter l’identité

    OpenAIRE

    Seeger, Anthony

    2005-01-01

    Les relations entre les sons et les autres aspects de la vie sociale n’ont pas été suffisamment étudiées par les ethnomusicologues. Cet article montre comment les interprétations musicales des Suyá du Mato Grosso au Brésil reproduisent et jusqu’à un certain point façonnent des traits spécifiques de leur organisation sociale et de leur cosmologie. L’analyse de la mélodie, du texte et du style d’interprétation des chants Suyá permet de montrer que les exécutions vocales font partie intégrante d...

  20. Altazor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Aguilar-Alvarez Bay

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper starts with an internal and external analysis of modernity and artistic avant-garde, annotating important reflexions from the plastic, aesthetic, historic and critical dimensions. The study of Altazor, the poem of the Chilean Vicente Huidobro, along with the study of the Creationism movement -of his authorship, where art stops imitating nature in order to imitate its creative power- constitutes the central axis of this article. From among the various reflexions dedicated to the main features of each chant of the poem, questions on the conciliation of the diverse poetic movements arise and on the true intention of poetry, which, finally, may not be other than the one Huidobro proposes.

  1. Hawaiian oral tradition describes 400 years of volcanic activity at Kīlauea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Donald A.

    2008-01-01

    Culturally significant oral tradition involving Pele, the Hawaiian volcano deity, and her youngest sister Hi'iaka may involve the two largest volcanic events to have taken place in Hawai'i since human settlement: the roughly 60-year-long ‘Ailā’au eruption during the 15th century and the following development of Kīlauea's caldera. In 1823, Rev. William Ellis and three others became the first Europeans to visit Kīlauea's summit and were told stories about Kīlauea's activity that are consistent with the Pele–Hi'iaka account and extend the oral tradition through the 18th century. Recent geologic studies confirm the essence of the oral traditions and illustrate the potential value of examining other Hawaiian chants and stories for more information about past volcanic activity in Hawai‘i.

  2. La fauna come inferno della psiche. Metamorfosi animali nelle interpretazioni lautréamontiane di Gaston Bachelard e Georges Bataille

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Agnellini

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The article emphasizes the reading about the work of Lautréamont given by Gaston Bachelard and, in particular, the very important role that has in it the animal metamorphosis. In a second step, it would approach it through the analysis given by Georges Bataille in La Littérature et le Mal (Literature and Evil, but never fully expressed. In the Lautréamont, Bachelard identifies as the formal cause of the Chants de Maldoror the vitalistic dynamism expressed by the rapid succession of images in the unit of animal metamorphosis. The procedure followed in the course of the analysis is similar to the one previously used in La Psychanalyse du feu (The psychoanalyse of the fire: to stress the infantile, subjective and poetic dimension that precedes any objective knowledge. Rather than an happy rêverie, Lautréamont makes figuratively evident an incendiary fantasy focused on the uprising, and expression of a complex of animal life which gives rise to a phenomenology of aggression; as if the call of the embers presented in La Psychanalyse du feu as an example of the most serene philosophy of the rest, had a necessary prelude in the hell of the psyche, graphically represented by the cruelty of animals that inhabit the Chants. Similarly, Georges Bataille sees in Lautreamont the founder of a literature that expressed herself as intensive communication, based on the knowledge of evil, far from everyday life, and near to the dark zones, unconscious, regulated by taboos, which heterology designates as the accursed share. Therefore, the combination between the two authors is potentially really profitable, in the common vision of the ducassian work as a mental space animated by metamorphic images and expression of violent obsessions that translates the needs of animals and the desire of freedom of each person.

  3. Vere risonanze elusive: la poetica del compositore Federico Incardona nello specchio di Maldoror riflesso da Bachelard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Lombardi Vallauri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The musical poetics of the composer Federico Incardona (Palermo, 1958-2006 reveals deep affinities with the Chants de Maldoror by Isidore Ducasse. The method used to identify and analyze these affinities is an inter-disciplinary triangulation, linking music and poetry through the psychological and philosophical reading of the Chants given by Gaston Bachelard in his essay of 1939. The “active” poetry of Lautréamont, his “cinétisme”, his “dynamogénie” are reflected in the Incardonian idea of composition as transmutation of living bodies into sound. This is achieved by a treatment of timbre, articulation and intensity extremely mobile, “alive”, and by a tempo that combines an exhausted slowness with an aggressive, almost animal rapidity. The very act of composition can be conceived, in analogy to hunting, such as “capture” of sounds, in particular thanks to the twelve-tone device. The “complex of Lautréamont” is a phenomenon inextricably psychological and cultural; so also in Incardona adolescence is transformed from existential motive into artistic motif. Starting from the case of Lautréamont, Bachelard formulates a general poetics of metamorphosis, which extends validly in music, especially in the informal writing of Incardona. Finally, Lautréamont is useful to Bachelard for grafting, onto the “living” basis of writing, cultural and intellectual values??; Incardona as well, intending music as “night mathematics”, combines construction and expression, emotion and serial structure.

  4. Educação musical e nacionalismo: a história do canto orfeônico no ensino secundário brasileiro (1930-1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Nicolaça Monteiro

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available  Este artigo apresenta resultados de pesquisa sobre a história da disciplina Canto Orfeônico. Introduzida no ensino secundário brasileiro no início da década de 1930. O estudo examina o processo de escolarização da música coral considerando os determinantes sociais e políticos na seleção deste conhecimento escolar. As finalidades atribuídas à disciplina, as práticas escolares que gerou e a sua relação com o projeto político nacionalista de Getúlio Vargas. Para a realização da pesquisa foram utilizadas como fontes os programas para o ensino de Canto Orfeônico, manuais didáticos elaborados especificamente para a disciplina: cadernos, fotografias e depoimentos de ex-alunos e professores.Palavras-chave: história das disciplinas escolares, ensino de artes, cultura escolar.  Abstract This article presents the results of a research on the history of Orpheanic Chant (Choir Singing subject, introduced in Brazilian secondary education at the beginning of the 1930s. The study exams the choir music schooling considering the social and political determinants in the selection of this school knowledge, the ends attributed to the subject, the school practices which it caused and its relationship to the Getúlio Vargas nationalist political project. To carry out the research, the following sources were used: the Orpheanic Chant course of study, didactic manuals specifically elaborated for the subject, notebooks, photographs and students and teachers testimonies. Keywords: the history of school subjects, art teaching, school culture. 

  5. Egg hatching response to a range of ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation doses for four predatory mites and the herbivorous spider mite Tetranychus urticae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koveos, Dimitrios S; Suzuki, Takeshi; Terzidou, Anastasia; Kokkari, Anastasia; Floros, George; Damos, Petros; Kouloussis, Nikos A

    2017-01-01

    Egg hatchability of four predatory mites-Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot, Iphiseius [Amblyseius] degenerans Berlese, Amblyseius swirskii Athias-Henriot, and Euseius finlandicus Oudemans (Acari: Phytoseiidae)-and the spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) was determined under various UV-B doses either in constant darkness (DD) or with simultaneous irradiation using white light. Under UV-B irradiation and DD or simultaneous irradiation with white light, the predator's eggs hatched in significantly lower percentages than in the control non-exposed eggs, which indicates deleterious effects of UV-B on embryonic development. In addition, higher hatchability percentages were observed under UV-B irradiation and DD in eggs of the predatory mites than in eggs of T. urticae. This might be caused by a higher involvement of an antioxidant system, shield effects by pigments or a mere shorter duration of embryonic development in predatory mites than in T. urticae, thus avoiding accumulative effects of UV-B. Although no eggs of T. urticae hatched under UV-B irradiation and DD, variable hatchability percentages were observed under simultaneous irradiation with white light, which suggests the involvement of a photoreactivation system that reduces UV-B damages. Under the same doses with simultaneous irradiation with white light, eggs of T. urticae displayed higher photoreactivation and were more tolerant to UV-B than eggs of the predatory mites. Among predators variation regarding the tolerance to UV-B effects was observed, with eggs of P. persimilis and I. degenerans being more tolerant to UV-B radiation than eggs of A. swirskii and E. finlandicus.

  6. SELETIVIDADE DE CHLORFENAPYR E FENBUTATIN-OXIDE SOBRE DUAS ESPÉCIES DE ÁCAROS PREDADORES (ACARI: PHYTOSEIIDAE EM CITROS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    REIS PAULO REBELLES

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o uso de bioensaios, verificaram-se os efeitos residual de contato, ovicida e de persistência dos produtos chlorfenapyr e fenbutatin-oxide sobre duas espécies de ácaros predadores, Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma e Euseius alatus DeLeon (Acari: Phytoseiidae, associados ao ácaro da leprose-dos-citros Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes (Acari: Tenuipalpidae. O efeito total sobre os adultos foi estudado por meio do método residual de contato com pulverização em superfície de vidro, conforme metodologia da IOBC. O efeito ovicida foi avaliado por meio de pulverização direta sobre os ovos dos ácaros predadores, também em superfície de vidro. A persistência dos produtos foi avaliada em laboratório, em arenas confeccionadas com folhas de laranjeira pulverizadas no campo, aos 0; 5; 15 e 30 dias após a aplicação. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que chlorfenapyr foi nocivo ao I. zuluagai e E. alatus e o fenbutatin-oxide foi levemente nocivo a E. alatus e inócuo a I. zuluagai. Nenhum dos produtos apresentou efeito ovicida. Fenbutatin-oxide apresentou baixa persistência para ambas as espécies de ácaros predadores, e chlorfenapyr, na dosagem de 31,3 ml, foi de baixa persistência, enquanto, na dosagem de 62,5 ml, foi moderadamente persistente. O fenbutatin-oxide apresentou-se inócuo e levemente nocivo aos ácaros predadores I. zuluagai e E. alatus, respectivamente, e de baixa persistência para ambas as espécies

  7. Egy tanúságtevő hitvalló, szolgáló, tudományos és papi pálya lezárult: Petrasevics Nikefor József eperjesi görög katolikus kanonok és tudományos kutató emlékére (1915–2013 - Passed a Wittness of the Faith, Scientist, a Servant of The Lord, True Priest: Nicefor Petrashevich (1915–2013, canon of the Preshov Greek Catholic Eparchy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FÖLDVÁRI, Sándor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Decease of the witness of the Faith, a servant of the Lord and a famous researcher of the religious folklore: Nicefor Joseph Petrashevich (1915–2013 distinguished member of the Capitol of Preshov Greek Catholic Eparchy Born in Čukalovce, East-Slovakia (then Csukalóc, Upper-Hungary in 1915 as the sixth of the eleven children in the family of a Greek Catholic bishop, he was inspired by his father and elder brother who served the Lord. He studied in the high school (gymnasium of the Cistercian Order in Eger (Northern Hungary which provided its pupils with knowledge and deep faith. He became a choir-minister of the Uzghorod Bishopric Basilica where he turned to the examination of folklore traditions reflected in the liturgical chants. Apparently, it was his calling and his findings on the Byzantine chants contributed significantly to the understanding of religious folklore. He was known as a gifted composer and singer too. The Greek Catholic Church was banned in the Soviet Union which obtained Subcarpathia after the World War II, and this church was oppressed in Slovakia as well, so he faced a dilemma: to convert to the Ortodox (Pravoslav Christianity and live free, or to remain faithful to the Catholic Church and be persecuted. Moreover, he was a coelebs, a priest who did not have a wife (despite the fact that Greek Catholic priests are allowed to have families. Consequently, he could have been elected as bishop, as the higher ranks in the Byzantine Churches are open for monks. The communist authorities offered Pope Nicefor the episcopate of the Slovak Ortodox Church, if he converted to the Ortodoxy. He refused it: “my head does not accept the mithra (bishops’ crone by leaving my Catholic faith” –he said. As a result, he was imprisoned for more than two years in Slovakia. Later he came to Hungary where could not serve as a parochial priest, but worked as cantor or helping pope in various places and in centres of pilgrimage where

  8. Persistence, resistance, resonance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsadka, Maayan

    Sound cannot travel in a vacuum, physically or socially. The ways in which sound operates are a result of acoustic properties, and the ways by which it is considered to be music are a result of social constructions. Therefore, music is always political, regardless of its content: the way it is performed and composed; the choice of instrumentation, notation, tuning; the medium of its distribution; its inherent hierarchy and power dynamics, and more. My compositional praxis makes me less interested in defining a relationship between music and politics than I am in erasing---or at least blurring---the borders between them. In this paper I discuss the aesthetics of resonance and echo in their metaphorical, physical, social, and musical manifestations. Also discussed is a political aesthetic of resonance, manifested through protest chants. I transcribe and analyze common protest chants from around the world, categorizing and unifying them as universal crowd-mobilizing rhythms. These ideas are explored musically in three pieces. Sumud: Rhetoric of Resistance in Three Movements, for two pianos and two percussion players, is a musical interpretation of the political/social concept of sumud, an Arabic word that literally means "steadfastness" and represents Palestinian non-violent resistance. The piece is based on common protest rhythms and uses the acoustic properties inherent to the instruments. The second piece, Three Piano Studies, extends some of the musical ideas and techniques used in Sumud, and explores the acoustic properties and resonance of the piano. The final set of pieces is part of my Critical Mess Music Project. These are site-specific musical works that attempt to blur the boundaries between audience, performers and composer, in part by including people without traditional musical training in the process of music making. These pieces use the natural structure and resonance of an environment, in this case, locations on the UCSC campus, and offer an active

  9. Communion songs not regulated by the typicon in the recent tradition of Serbian church singing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peno Vesna M.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In notated collections of Serbian church hymns from the 19th and 20th century there are, among others, communion songs with texts that were not regulated by the Typicon. These so-called "arbitrary communion songs" have been very popular in the recent tradition of Serbian church chanting. They have been gradually pushing out the hymns that are regulated for singing on concrete days and feasts during the church year. Analysis of possible influences that determined the way texts and the melodies delved into the recent Serbian church chanting follows two possible directions. The first commenced from late-Byzantine singing tradition; more specifically, from a group of songs that although based on liturgical texts, were performed in extra-liturgical occasions. These are calophonic irmoi which were composed by a great number of known late-Byzantine masters of singing. The second direction had its beginning in Russian spiritual music that generated a new melodic genre kant, based on western models. The majority of those compositions have freely written spiritual texts, too, and not part of the liturgy. Kanti were, namely, singing numbers in liturgical dramas - theatrical pieces with Christian historical themes. The majority of arbitrary communion hymns from Serbian collections have texts from the psalms or use texts for irmoi of specific canons. There is only one text that does not belong to the output of church hymnography. In spite of that, the melodies of the analyzed hymns reflect the presence of traditional compositional procedures characteristic of late-Byzantine and Serbian traditions. On either side, they possess atypical musical phrases that relate them to the the kanti. The usage of paraliturgical songs instead of communion hymns is commentated upon from the liturgic aspect also. That song belongs to the central part of the Liturgy and most fundamental during the service of the Orthodox church. Therefore the deviation in Serbian practice from

  10. Church music in the light of national legislation in the principality of Serbia and the Kingdom of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peno Vesna

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Officially, the Serbian Orthodox Church enjoyed a legally guaranteed status throughout the 19th century and Orthodox faith was considered to be prevalent both in the Principality of Serbia and in the Kingdom of Serbia. Nevertheless, after gaining its autonomy within the Constantinople Patriarchate in 1831 (under whose forced jurisdiction it had been since 1766, Knez Milos’s attitude and a number of state provisions led to the unsparing diminishing of the Church authority together with frequent subversions of the Church Canon law. Introduction of the constitutional and legislative framework for the activities of the Serbian church, the enforcement of institutionalized mechanisms of control, and above all, direct interference of the State authorities in the elections of Church hierarchs and their activities, marked relations of the Church and the State in the 19th century. “Might makes right” rule was always on the State side. Investigations so far have least examined those provisions of the Government concerning general and theological education, in which church music also found its place. Presentation and analysis of the facts about the beginnings of organized music education go in favor of the existing findings on concurrencies and discrepancies in two cultural policies - that of the State and the one of the Church. Attitudes of the Sovereign and the Government towards the educational process, so vital during the decades of the State formation, are also indicative for affirmation of chanting practice and music art in general, as are (non- conflicting interests between the prelates and distinguished public figures on one, and those in charge at the ministries on the other side. This paper presents all relevant government legislations regulating religious and music education at regular and theological schools. Attempts of the Church dignitaries and learned Serbian musicians to raise the level of music culture with the help of the State

  11. The Lasioseius phytoseioides species group (Acari: Blattisociidae): new characterisation, description of a new species, complementary notes on seven described species and a taxonomic key for the group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Moraes, Gilberto J; Abo-Shnaf, Reham I A; Pérez-Madruga, Yanebis; Sánchez, Leocadia; Karmakar, Krishna; Ho, Chyi-Chen

    2015-06-26

    The Lasioseius phytoseioides species group was first characterised over 50 years ago. Two species of this group, Lasioseius chaudhrii (Wu & Wang) and Lasioseius parberlesei Bhattacharyya, have been considered potentially effective as biological control agents of pest mites of the family Tarsonemidae on rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Asia. A new characterisation of the species group is presented, taking into account a new species here described, Lasioseius piracicabensis Moraes & Pérez-Madruga n. sp., as well as other species mostly described since the first characterisation of the group. The main characteristics of the included species are the reduced number of dorsal idiosomal setae, including the absence of j1 and z1; antiaxial surface of fixed cheliceral digit with a subterminal pointed process; and males with broad lateral expansion of the peritrematic shield in the region between coxae II-III, bearing a pore and a lyrifissure. Complementary notes are presented for Lasioseius annandalei Bhattacharyya & Bhattacharyya, Lasioseius chaudhrii (Wu & Wang), Lasioseius parberlesei Bhattacharyya, L. phytoseioides Chant, Lasioseius punjabensis Bhattacharyya & Sanyal, Lasioseius terrestris Menon & Ghai and Lasioseius youcefi Athias-Henriot. New synonymies are proposed and possible misidentifications in the literature are discussed. A dichotomous key is presented to help the identification of the species of the group, and the distribution of the species is summarised.

  12. Italian musicians in Greece during the nineteenth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romanou Ekaterini

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In Greece, the monophonic chant of the Orthodox church and its neumatic notation have been transmitted as a popular tradition up to the first decades of the 20th century. The transformation of Greek musical tradition to a Western type of urban culture and the introduction of harmony, staff notation and western instruments and performance practices in the country began in the 19th century. Italian musicians played a central role in that process. A large number of them lived and worked on the Ionian Islands. Those Italian musicians have left a considerable number of transcriptions and original compositions. Quite a different cultural background existed in Athens. Education was in most cases connected to the church - the institution that during the four centuries of Turkish occupation kept Greeks united and nationally conscious. The neumatic notation was used for all music sung by the people, music of both western and eastern origin. The assimilation of staff notation and harmony was accelerated in the last quarter of the 19th century. At the beginning of the 20th century in Athens a violent cultural clash was provoked by the reformers of music education all of them belonging to German culture. The clash ended with the displacement of the Italian and Greek musicians from the Ionian Islands working at the time in Athens, and the defamation of their fundamental work in music education.

  13. Tula song folklore: genre-stylistic and dialectic peculiarities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krasovskaya Nelli Alexandrovna

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the works of Tula folklore recorded in the western part of the Tula region, in terms of genre, stylistic and linguistic features. The relevance of the study is related to the fact that Tula folk songs has not been studied, linguistic features of the works are not subjected to serious analysis. The article describes the features of the genre of songs recorded in Belevsky district of Tula region, including the ancient fortunetelling chants, wedding ceremony songs, romantic ballads etc., it is cited numerous examples in the lyrics that reflect the dialectal features of the phonetic, grammatical, lexical levels. According to the authors, a modern folk song genre retains its diversity and is a kind of storeroom containing priceless linguistic wealth. The analysis allows to draw conclusions about the presence and well-preserved in the recorded music of South Russian dialect phonetic and grammatical features. So far, there is no established typology of Tula dialects, therefore, according to the authors, the fixation of folklore in the territories bordering on Tula dialects, is very important and interesting for further descriptive and comparative work on identifying the eastern and south-south-west differences in Tula dialects.

  14. Reflection in phraseological neology of traumatic historical events connected with the terrorist threat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skorobogatova Taisiya Ivanovna

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the analysis of phraseological units - neologisms which are associated with such traumatic historical events, as the implementation of terrorist acts. Particular emphasis is placed on the description of English, Russian and French phraseological units that have introduced the memory of the terrorist threat in the XX-XXI centuries.: Eng. That’s so 10th September (lit. today September 10, fig: Do not worry ahead of time about nothing; Rus. мочить в сортире (descriptor: беспощадно расправиться; фр. le prince s’est mari, le m chant est mort, c’est une semaine Walt Disney (lit. prince married the villain died, week Walt Disney; descriptor: Idyll, g n ration Bataclan (lit. Bataklan generation; descriptor: young people age of the victims who died in the “Bataklane”, i.e. young people aged 25-35. Phraseology description of new, emerging units is one of the most important problems in theoretical linguistics, namely: to illustrate and confirm the fact that the phrasebook body of a single national language is the result of the two memories - historical and linguistic. At the same time important to consider such a significant factor that determines the specificity of the national phraseological fund as memory selectivity in general and historical memory in particular.

  15. IBERIAN MEDIEVAL TROUBADOURS AND SOCIAL TENSIONS: INTER-NOBILITY CONFRONTATIONS (13TH AND 14TH CENTURIES OS TROVADORES IBÉRICOS E AS TENSÕES SOCIAIS: ENFRENTAMENTOS INTERNOBILIÁRQUICOS (SÉCULOS XIII E XIV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José D'Assunção Barros

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this article is to discuss the social tensions in the Iberian medieval societies from the XIII and XIV centuries, examining the troubadours practice and poetry of this period and most specifically the tensions occasioned by the religion and the Church,. In the historical context of the medieval centralization around the kingdom, the text analyses galego-portuguese chants in witch ones we can see the social tensions between troubadours from different social categories, and also troubadours in opposition in relation to the king.O objeto deste artigo é discutir as tensões sociais nas sociedades medievais ibéricas dos séculos XIII e XIV – mais particularmente no que se refere às tensões envolvendo a religiosidade e a Igreja propriamente dita – percebidas a partir da poesia e práticas trovadorescas do período. Dentro do contexto histórico da centralização régia do período medieval, o texto analisa algumas cantigas trovadorescas galego-portuguesas nas quais podem ser vistas as tensões sociais entre trovadores oriundos de diferentes categorias sociais, e também envolvendo trovadores em oposição ao rei.

  16. Juan Gelman, el monstruo está vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Porrúa

    1996-11-01

    Full Text Available Traducciones III. Los poemas de Sidney West [1968] es la zona de la producción gelmaneana en la que se puede leer con mayor claridad la cuestión de la diferencia. En principio como gesto de discrepancia y hasta de provocación hacia el lugar de pertenencia, la poética argentina del '60, porque desaparece el texto político y el modo de enunciación que le era propio. Los enunciados asertivos, informativos o argumentativos se sustituyen por la puesta en escena de la configuración de la imagen, cuyo proceso responde a la tradición del surrealismo francés. Pero Traducciones III también se lee como una zona de discrepancia con las vanguardias históricas, o con sus textos de origen, dada la reescritura de Les Chants de Maldoror de Lautréamont. Ambos textos hablan de procesos de descomposición -evaporación, canibalización, corrosión- pero el de Gelman borra la voz adulta propia de la 'poesía maldita' e instala, como relectura desobediente, una voz infantil.

  17. Juan Gelman, el monstruo está vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Porrúa

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available Traducciones III. Los poemas de Sidney West [1968] es la zona de la producción gelmaneana en la que se puede leer con mayor claridad la cuestión de la diferencia. En principio como gesto de discrepancia y hasta de provocación hacia el lugar de pertenencia, la poética argentina del '60, porque desaparece el texto político y el modo de enunciación que le era propio. Los enunciados asertivos, informativos o argumentativos se sustituyen por la puesta en escena de la configuración de la imagen, cuyo proceso responde a la tradición del surrealismo francés. Pero Traducciones III también se lee como una zona de discrepancia con las vanguardias históricas, o con sus textos de origen, dada la reescritura de Les Chants de Maldoror de Lautréamont. Ambos textos hablan de procesos de descomposición -evaporación, canibalización, corrosión- pero el de Gelman borra la voz adulta propia de la 'poesía maldita' e instala, como relectura desobediente, una voz infantil.

  18. A pilot study: the effects of music therapy interventions on middle school students' ESL skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Roy; Scott, Amanda

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of music therapy techniques on the story retelling and speaking skills of English as a Second Language (ESL) middle school students. Thirty-four middle school students of Hispanic heritage, ages 10-12, in high and low-functioning groups participated in the study for 12 weeks. Pretest to posttest data yielded significant differences on the story retelling skills between the experimental and control groups. Chi Square comparisons on English speaking skills also yielded significant results over 3 months of music therapy intervention. A variety of music therapy techniques were used including music and movement, active music listening, group chanting and singing, musical games, rhythmic training, music and sign language, and lyric analysis and rewrite activities as supplemental activities to the ESL goals and objectives. Comparisons of individual subjects' scores indicated that all of the students in the experimental groups scored higher than the control groups on story retelling skills (with the exception of 1 pair of identical scores), regardless of high and low functioning placement. Monthly comparisons of the high and low functioning experimental groups indicated significant improvements in English speaking skills as well.

  19. Maçonneries murales de brique dans l’Espagne médiévale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araguas, Philippe

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Few are the different bonds of brickwork in medievel Spain. Walls entirely built with bricks are scarce. Brick is used combining header bond and sideways bond, opus spicatum or vertical bond. Among mixed bonds, the «toledan bond» is very characteristic. A diachronic cartography can show the variation of these different bonds according to time and historical regionsLes modalités d’appareillage des murs de brique dans l’Espagne médiévale sont peu variées. Rares sont les murs construits entièrement en brique ; celle-ci est utilisée en appareil de revêtement en combinant disposition «en carreau» et « en boutisse, en opus spicatum ou «ce chant». Parmi les appareils mixtes, l’ «appareil tolédan» est aisément identifiable. Une cartographie diachronique permet de rendre compte de la variation de ces modes d’utilisation de la brique.

  20. Théâtre les 50

    CERN Document Server

    Théâtre les 50

    2011-01-01

    Le Théâtre Les 50 de Saint Jean de Gonville propose : ARAGON CHANTÉ ET PARLÉ : Ferré, Ferrat, Brassens LOUIS ARAGON, écrivain et poète français ... Cofondateur de la revue Libération en 1919, avec André Breton et Philippe Soupault, Aragon publia l'un des meilleurs romans surréalistes, Le Paysan de Paris (1926). Lié à la Résistance durant toute l'occupation, Aragon participa après la guerre aux activités du Parti communiste français. Son œuvre poétique fut marquée par son amour pour sa compagne, Elsa Triolet. À partir de la fin des années 1950, nombre de ses poèmes ont été mis en musique et chantés notamment par Jean Ferrat et Léo Ferré, contribuant à faire connaître son œ...

  1. The weird rules of creativity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutton, R I

    2001-09-01

    For at least the past decade, the holy grail for companies has been innovation. Managers have gone after it with all the zeal their training has instilled in them, using a full complement of tried and true management techniques. The problem is that none of these practices, well suited for cashing in on old, proven products and business models, works very well when it comes to innovation. Instead, managers should take most of what they know about management and stand it on its head. In this article, Robert Sutton outlines several ideas for managing creativity that are clearly odd but clearly effective: Place bets on ideas without much heed to their projected returns. Ignore what has worked before. Goad perfectly happy people into fights among themselves. Good creativity management means hiring the candidate you have a gut feeling against. And as for the people who stick their fingers in their ears and chant, "I'm not listening, I'm not listening," when customers make suggestions? Praise and promote them. Using vivid examples from more than a decade of academic research to illustrate his points, the author discusses new approaches to hiring, managing creative people, and dealing with risk and randomness in innovation. His conclusions? The practices in this article succeed because they increase the range of a company's knowledge, allow people to see old problems in new ways, and help companies break from the past.

  2. The use and nature of grapheme coding during sub-lexical processing and lexical access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Commissaire, Eva; Casalis, Séverine

    2017-04-11

    This work aimed to investigate grapheme coding during sub-lexical processing and lexical access. Using the letter detection task in Experiment 1, we compared letter pairs that could be considered as a grapheme unit or not depending on context (referred to as weakly cohesive complex, e.g. an in chant vs. cane) to real two-letter graphemes (highly cohesive complex, e.g. au in chaud) and single-letter graphemes (simple, e.g. a in place). Three experimental conditions were used, one of which was designed to prevent phonological influences. Data revealed that only highly cohesive complex graphemes were processed as units, not the weakly cohesive ones. The same pattern was found across experimental conditions, in favor of an orthographic mechanism. In Experiments 2 and 3, a primed lexical decision task was used with two SOAs and two different ranges of lexical frequency. We manipulated the number of graphemes removed from partial primes (d**che vs. do**he-DOUCHE) and relatedness. In contrast with Experiment 1, no evidence was provided in favor of a role of graphemes during lexical access. We suggest that graphemes can be conceived as sub-lexical orthographic units per se but can only be captured within a sub-lexical route to reading.

  3. Meditation related activations are modulated by the practices needed to obtain it and by the expertise:an ALE meta-analysis study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara eTomasino

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The brain network governing meditation has been studied using a variety of meditation practices and techniques practices eliciting different cognitive processes (e.g., silence, attention to own body, sense of joy, mantras, etc.. It is very possible that different practices of meditation are subserved by largely, if not entirely, disparate brain networks. This assumption was tested by conducting an activation likelihood estimation (ALE meta-analysis of meditation neuroimaging studies, which assessed 150 activation foci from 24 experiments. Different ALE meta-analyses were carried out. One involved the subsets of studies involving meditation induced through exercising focused attention. The network included clusters bilaterally in the medial gyrus, the left superior parietal lobe, the left insula and the right supramarginal gyrus. A second analysis addressed the studies involving meditation states induced by chanting or by repetition of words or phrases, known as ‘mantra’. This type of practice elicited a cluster of activity in the right supramarginal gyrus, the SMA bilaterally and the left postcentral gyrus. Furthermore, the last analyses addressed the effect of meditation experience (i.e., short- vs. long-term meditators. We found that frontal activation was present for short-term, as compared with long-term experience meditators, confirming that experts are better enabled to sustain attentional focus, rather recruiting the right supramarginal gyrus and concentrating on aspects involving disembodiment.

  4. Bir Çanakkale Marşı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Yılmaz Küçüköncü

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Men have ever been driven to make music, which is a sociocultural product, for various reasons, primarily to reflect their emotions. Members of a society who share common emotions use and share such music by listening to and singing (chanting them. In this way, the music made in accordance with the culture of the society which reflects the cultural structure in every society becomes the common property of the music culture. This cultural music form is called folk music. Public administrators have always benefited from music so as to manage people with ease. Similarly, the managed have always used music as a tool to place their negative or positive requests to administrators. This study attempts to comparatively describe the records of “The Çanakkale Anthem” obtained from two different sources through literature review. No exact data about the composer and lyricist of the piece (work has been obtained. The work has been composed in the form of an anthem with the piano accompaniment for vocalizing. In conclusion, this study primarily aims to record a piece of music about Çanakkale and to reveal necessary information related to the work, the reason why it was composed and the musical environment in the period when it was composed

  5. A Buddhist Way of Drug Rehabilitation in Thailand - Approaching Drug Addiction With Loving Kindness: An Interview With Phra Maha Narong Chaiyatha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina Pichler

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Narong Chaiyatha has worked at the Quality Development of Life Center for 12 years and is engaged in diverse social projects as a Buddhist monk. The Quality Development of Life Center is an alternative program of dealing with drug addiction in Thailand and was established in 1993. On the premises of a Buddhist temple, the participants live together with monks, practice meditation, join chanting and dhamma talks, and help cultivate the temple. The program is part of the implementation of restorative justice in the criminal justice system. Depending on the severity of the drug addiction andthe social background of the person, the Department of Probation of the Ministry of Justice sends clients to the center to take part in the Buddhist rehabilitation program for two months. This interviewis based on the experiences of Narong Chaiyatha at the Quality Development of Life Center in Thep Mongkol temple, Amnat Charoen, Thailand, and gives an overview of some of the central elementsof the program, positive impacts for the community as well as challenges in its implementation. The interview was conducted at the same location on 28 January 2013.

  6. Effect of Prayer and “OM” Meditation in Enhancing Galvanic Skin Response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ira Das

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The research was conducted with the purpose to study the effect of prayer and meditation on galvanic skin response (GSR. It was hypothesized that there was a significant positive effect of prayer and meditation (Om chanting on galvanic skin response (GSR. The sample consisted of 20 normal, healthy female participants through purposive sampling. The age group of the sample was 18 to 24 years (Mean= 18.7, SD= 1.55. Gender was female and minimum education was graduation. The daily practice time of prayer and meditation session was 30 minutes for one month. Pre- Post data were recorded before and after intervention of prayer and meditation session by using single group pre-post research design. Recordings of galvanic skin response (GSR were made on a computerized polygraph (Model Physiopac, PP 4, Medicaid Systems, Chandigarh, India test. The results revealed a significant increase in GSR values as an effect of prayer and meditation which suggested the psychophysiological relaxation. Practicing prayer and meditation increases the galvanic skin response and hence decreases the stress level of the individual.

  7. "Pleiades Visions" for organ solo: A composition supported by documented research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehouse, Matthew Robert

    Pleiades Visions is a three-movement work for organ solo inspired by indigenous music and mythology associated with the Pleiades (Seven Sisters) star cluster. Three cultural groups are represented in Pleiades Visions. The first movement, entitled "Uluru," draws from Australian Aboriginal music and mythology. The second movement, entitled "...life on other worlds," is based loosely on a Quechan (Yuman) Indian song. The concluding movement, entitled "Mauna Kea," is inspired by the opening lines of the Kumulipo, a creation chant of the Native Hawaiian culture. The source material for Pleiades Visions was identified through research incorporating techniques from the fields of cultural astronomy and ethnomusicology. This research represents a new line of inquiry for both fields. This document situates Pleiades Visions in the context of the organ literature, and suggests that Pleiades Visions might be the first organ work with a cultural astronomy inspiration. It also describes the research undergirding Pleiades Visions, demonstrates the manner in which that research informed the composition of the work, and addresses issues surrounding the use of indigenous source material in a culturally sensitive manner.

  8. The impact of phonation mode and vocal technique on vocal fold closure in young females with normal voice quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Bodt, Marc S; Clement, Gregory; Wuyts, Floris L; Borghs, Cindy; Van Lierde, Kristiane M

    2012-11-01

    Because voice quality depends substantially on vocal fold closure (VFC), voice therapists try to modify VFC by specific voice techniques or adjustments in phonation mode. This study demonstrates the impact of six different phonation modes on VFC in healthy subjects. For this study, 21 female subjects with normal voice quality were selected. The impact of different phonation modes and voice techniques was examined by fiberoptic laryngovideoendoscopy during different modes of phonation: habitual phonation, high pitch, low pitch, resonance on /m/, Coblenzer's "abspannen," and chant talk. The video recordings were judged by three experienced professionals (two Speech and Language Pathologist and one laryngologist) by means of a visual analog scale. Statistical analysis showed that only resonance on /m/ significantly improved VFC compared with habitual phonation. All other phonation modes and techniques, except low-pitched phonation, led to a significant worse closure in comparison with the closure at normal pitch. The glottic closure observed by low-pitched phonation was not significantly different than the closure at habitual pitch. Interrater agreement was moderate to very good, depending on the mode of phonation. The results of this study allow a better understanding of the impact of phonation mode and vocal therapy techniques on VFC in healthy subjects and give an indication about the impact of these methods to influence VFC. Copyright © 2012 The Voice Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Théorème vivant

    CERN Document Server

    Villani, Cédric

    2012-01-01

    Théorème vivant est le récit de la genèse d'une avancée mathématique. Nous voici emportés dans le quotidien d'un jeune chercheur de talent : un véritable « road-trip », de Kyoto à Princeton et de Lyon à Hyderabad, dont Villani tient, au jour le jour, le carnet de bord. Entre des échanges enflammés avec son collaborateur et compagnon de route, quelques refrains de chansons fredonnés au fil des équations et les histoires merveilleuses que ce père de famille raconte à ses enfants, on suit la lente et chaotique élaboration d'un nouveau théorème qui lui vaudra la plus prestigieuse distinction du monde des mathématiques. Aux antipodes de l'ouvrage de vulgarisation scientifique traditionnel, Théorème vivant est un chant passionné qui se lit comme un roman d'aventures, jalonné de portraits de quelques-uns des plus grands noms de l'histoire des mathématiques et parsemé de vertigineuses équations qui exercent sur le lecteur une irrésistible fascination. Avis à tous ceux qui gardent un sou...

  10. Falquet de Romans, “Ma bella dompna, per vos dei esser gais” (BdT 156.8

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Di Luca

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available “Ma bella dompna per vos dei esser gais” by Falquet de Romans has been taken for a courtly song for a long time. However, the poem’s metrical form is derived directly from that of the epic, as illustrated by the use of monorhymed ‘décasyllabes’ with non-systematic epic caesura and the presence of a ‘petit vers’ at the end of each stanza. The poem may thus be defined as stanzaic but not lyric because its versification is that of the chanson de geste and its music must be that of an epic chant. Moreover, its content reflects the rhetorical structure of the ‘salut d’amor’, an epistolary genre in which the lover sends a letter to his lady asking her to respond to his love. Thus, “Ma bella dompna” should be considered a formal hybrid between ‘salut d’amor’ and ‘chanson de geste’; in this sense it is to be compared to those few compositions of an epistolary nature that employ epic form, such as Raimbaut de Vaqueiras’ famous letter to the Marquis Boniface of Monferrato, which is probably the prototype of this poetic experiment, along with two pairs of ‘laisses’ exchanged between Gui de Cavaillon and Bertran Folco d’Avignon.

  11. Standing By Police Violence: On the Constitution of the Ideal Citizen as Sousveiller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Brucato

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Individual citizens and social movement organizations document police with video, both serendipitously and deliberately. This documentation is characterized as an intervention, one that not only promises to alter events, but to fulfill civic responsibilities. Simply, video recording police makes one an active citizen, rather than a passive bystander. For instance, at Occupy Wall Street, video recording was a primary and normalized response by protesters when police used coercive force against other protesters. Their use of video streaming apps to live-broadcast such events—while chanting “The whole world is watching!”—shows how protesters framed watching as an intercession. The National Police Monitoring and Reporting Project frames citizen documentation of police as a duty, one that produces protective power against police violence. Copwatch “know your rights” training similarly portrays spontaneous filming as an intervention in violent policing. In other cases, however, video documentation is cast as a shame-worthy denial of a citizen’s responsibility to intervene to stop the perpetration of violence. In light of its equivocal standing, the treatment of documenting violence as an intervention is in doubt.

  12. The primacy of the historicity of hagiographic readings in the book of the Liturgy of the Hours. Editorial issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy Stefański

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Nine groups, the largest number for any one liturgical book, were established among those in the first series for the reform of Roman Office, or “Breviary,” as it was designated. These groups, numbered as designed in the general plan, were Group 1, the calendar; Group 2, revision of the Psalter; Group 3, distribution of the psalms; Group 4, biblical readings of the Office; Group 5, patristic readings; Group 6, hagiographic readings; Group 7, hymns; Group 8, chants of the Office; Group 9, general structure of the Divine Office. Both members and relators of Group 6 approved six principles to govern the selection of hagiographic readings. The principles, as presented by Fr. Agostino Amore, relator of Group 6, were the following: (1 Legends are to be expunged altogether; (2 true “acts” are to be used if available; (3 if acts are not available, an exposition from the Fathers regarding the saint will be used, or (4 a writing of the saint, if available, will be presented; (5 for saints of the Middle Ages or of modern times, a new reading, historically true and spirituality profitable, will be provided; and (6 at the beginning of a reading, in the manner of a rubric and as related to the reading, will be put some chronological and biographical elements regarding the saint.

  13. The Power of Storytelling: A Native Hawaiian Approach to Science Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, K. L.

    2016-12-01

    Generational assimilation of observational data enabled Native Hawaiians to preserve a holistic understanding of the connectivity, structure and function - from mountain to sea - within their island ecosystems. Their intimate understandings of the geographic and temporal variability in winds, rains, and currents, and how these factors governed the extent and distribution of biodiversity were perpetuated through stories, songs and chants. Many of these oral histories - which conveyed information via anthropomorphized characters in entertaining and engaging plots - preserved the scientific integrity of traditional phenomenological observations and remain shockingly consistent with contemporary biogeochemical and geophysical observations. These indigenous methods of communicating scientific knowledge are clear models for contemporary best practices in geoscience communication. Storytelling is a tried and true mechanism that both engages and teaches diverse audiences of all ages, ethnicities and skill levels. Scientific storytelling - which can either be examinations of indigenous stories through scientific lenses, or generations of new stories based on scientific observation - enables multiple layers of meaning and levels of knowledge acquisition that bridge cultural and historical place-based knowledge with contemporary knowledge systems. Here, I will share my journey of optimizing the engagement of Native Hawaiian communities (students, land managers, stewards, practitioners, etc…) with my biogeochemical research on a Native Hawaiian coastal estuarine environment (Héeia Fishpond). I will speak about the importance and effectiveness of disseminating research in culturally accessible formats by framing research in the context of traditional knowledge to help elevate the perception of "science" in the Hawaiian community.

  14. Biological control of Eotetranychus lewisi and Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) on strawberry by four phytoseiids (Acari: Phytoseiidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Anna D; Daugovish, Oleg

    2013-02-01

    The spider mite, Eotetranychus lewisi (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae), is a new emerging pest in California commercial strawberries. The predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis (Athias-Henriot) (Acari: Phytoseiidae), typically used for biocontrol of Tetranychus urticae (Koch) (Acari: Tetranychidae), provided growers little to no control of E. lewisi. Four commonly used phytoseiid predatory mites: P. persimilis, Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor), N. fallacis (Garman), and Amblyseius andersoni (Chant), were used in lab studies to investigate which is best at managing E. lewisi populations. We als o investigated t he interactions between T. urticae and E. lewisi and in relation to phytoseiid efficiency given the potential for indirect effects of biocontrol. When E. lewisi and T. urticae are present on the same leaf, T. urticae populations increase and begin displacing E. lewisi. P. persimilis did not feed on E. lewisi, but the other three predatory mites consumed the spider mites and lowered their populations. When both E. lewisi and T. urticae are present on the same leaf, N. fallacis and A. andersoni fed on both types of mites equally and were capable of decreasing both populations. N. californicus fed on E. lewisi first and decreased its population, but allowed T. urticae populations to increase. P. persimilis may be insufficient at controlling E. lewisi and its use may instead enhance E. lewisi populations.

  15. Predation on heterospecific larvae by adult females of Kampimodromus aberrans, Amblyseius andersoni, Typhlodromus pyri and Phytoseius finitimus (Acari: Phytoseiidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Shakeel; Pozzebon, Alberto; Duso, Carlo

    2015-09-01

    The predatory mites Kampimodromus aberrans (Oudemans), Amblyseius andersoni (Chant), Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten and Phytoseius finitimus Ribaga are important biological control agents in orchards and vineyards in Europe and elsewhere. They can coexist in the same habitat and engage in intraguild predation (IGP). In the laboratory we evaluated the longevity, fecundity and prey consumption of females of these predatory mites fed with heterospecific larvae considered as intraguild prey (IG-prey). The survival and age-specific oviposition curves of predatory mites fed with pollen were compared with those obtained on different IG-prey. We assessed the prey conversion rate into eggs expressed by the different IG-predator as an indicator of their capacity to persist when prey is diminishing. Results suggest that A. andersoni should be considered the superior intraguild predator but the least efficient in food conversion. Phytoseius finitimus appeared to suffer from intraguild predation, and its efficiency in food conversion was not superior to that of K. aberrans and T. pyri. The profiles of K. aberrans and T. pyri were less definite. The comparison between pollen and IG-prey diets confirmed the positive effect of pollen on the fecundity of all four predatory mite species. Fecundity was higher on pollen than on IG-prey. We can suggest that A. andersoni have the potential to exclude the other predatory mites only at high food resource availability, whereas low levels of food availability can favor the other species in IGP.

  16. Potential of Five Brazilian Populations of Phytoseiidae (Acari) for the Biological Control of Bemisia tabaci (Insecta: Hemiptera).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalcante, Ana Cristina Cerqueira; dos Santos, Victor Lucas Vicente; Rossi, Letícia Caroline; de Moraes, Gilberto José

    2015-02-01

    Biotype B of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), causes considerable losses to growers worldwide. Phytoseiid mites have been successfully used for the control of this pest in several countries. The Brazilian phytoseiid fauna is very diverse and potentially useful for this purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate five Brazilian populations of phytoseiids as candidates for the control of the whitefly, a serious pest of different crops worldwide. Evaluated species were Amblydromalus limonicus (Garman & McGregor), Amblyseius herbicolus (Chant), Amblyseius largoensis (Muma), Amblyseius tamatavensis (Blommers), and Neoseiulus tunus (De Leon), which are found naturally in Brazil and elsewhere. The work was conducted at 28±1°C, 75±10% relative humidity, and a photoperiod of 12:12 (L:D) h. All evaluated phytoseiids preyed on eggs of B. tabaci, with the highest levels of predation recorded for Am. herbicolus and N. tunus, and highest level of oviposition recorded for Am. tamatavensis. The results show the Brazilian populations of those three species to be promising as control agents of B. tabaci. Aleuroglyphus ovatus (Troupeau) (Acari: Acaridae) was found to be a suitable prey for the mass production of those predators. Complementary studies are considered justified, given the positive results of this study. © The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  17. Meditation-related activations are modulated by the practices needed to obtain it and by the expertise: an ALE meta-analysis study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomasino, Barbara; Fregona, Sara; Skrap, Miran; Fabbro, Franco

    2013-01-01

    The brain network governing meditation has been studied using a variety of meditation practices and techniques practices eliciting different cognitive processes (e.g., silence, attention to own body, sense of joy, mantras, etc.). It is very possible that different practices of meditation are subserved by largely, if not entirely, disparate brain networks. This assumption was tested by conducting an activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis of meditation neuroimaging studies, which assessed 150 activation foci from 24 experiments. Different ALE meta-analyses were carried out. One involved the subsets of studies involving meditation induced through exercising focused attention (FA). The network included clusters bilaterally in the medial gyrus, the left superior parietal lobe, the left insula and the right supramarginal gyrus (SMG). A second analysis addressed the studies involving meditation states induced by chanting or by repetition of words or phrases, known as “mantra.” This type of practice elicited a cluster of activity in the right SMG, the SMA bilaterally and the left postcentral gyrus. Furthermore, the last analyses addressed the effect of meditation experience (i.e., short- vs. long-term meditators). We found that frontal activation was present for short-term, as compared with long-term experience meditators, confirming that experts are better enabled to sustain attentional focus, rather recruiting the right SMG and concentrating on aspects involving disembodiment. PMID:23316154

  18. Contribuţia lui Anton Pann la primenirea muzicii psaltice româneşti din a doua jumătate a secolului al XIX-lea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violina Galaicu

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The multi-endowed exceptional personality (composer, performer, historian, theoretician, translator, teacher of psalm music, folklorist, literary man, printer, minister of ecclesiastical and secular culture, Anton Pann left similar works, whose components are inter-completed and interrelated. That share of Anton Pann’s creation, falling within our sphere of interest, is divided into two parts: hymns or collections of psalms and theoretical works. The efforts of the forerunner to transpose the repertoire of the Orthodox choir into the Romanian language (the so-called „Romanization” of church chants; even the term „Romanization” belongs to him and simultaneously to fold the „new sistima” (hrisantic notation have settled both in the musical florilegia, that he has cared for and edited, and in the theoretical guides. Anton Pann’s activity has had a lasting impact on the development of later Romanian psalm music, while the masterpieces that bear his signature penetrated and endure in the warp of liturgical practice of the space it represents.

  19. L’iconographie ortodoxe du Sommeil de l’Enfant Jésus, endormi comme un lion, et ses variantes roumaines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin I. Ciobanu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available L’image du Sommeil de Jésus porte des noms différents dans les Balkans et en Russie, sans se distinguer fondamentalement du point de vue iconographique. En Grèce l’image s’appelle Anapeson (gr. ό Άναπέσων: fr. Celui qui se couche – Genèse, 49 : 9 et porte parfois en titre le verset entier « Il ploie les genoux, il se couche, comme un lion, comme une lionne : qui le fera lever ?», alors que les icônes et les fresques russes du même type sont intitulées L’OEil qui veille et l’on y ajoute parfois l’inscription : « Le gardien d’Israël ne tombera pas en somnolence, il ne s’endormira pas» (Psaume 120 : 4 ». Le but de la présente étude est de relever l’importance des sources littéraires (y compris des textes liturgiques chantés aux matines du Samedi saint dans la constitution du type iconographique de l’image du Sommeil de Jésus et de faire une description des ses variantes roumaines.

  20. Predatory behaviors of Neoseiulus californicus and Galendromus helveolus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) attacking Oligonychus perseae (Acari: Tetranychidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takano-Lee, M; Hoddle, Mark

    2002-01-01

    Predatory behaviors of Neosieulus californicus (McGregor) and Galendromus helveolus (Chant) attacking Oligonychus perseae Tuttle, Baker and Abbatiello on avocado leaves were videotaped and analyzed. Behaviors were recorded for "fresh" predators that were used < or = 48 hr post receipt from a commercial insectary and "cold stored" predators that were maintained at 12 degrees C for approximately 14 days. Fresh and cold stored G. helveolus were observed to attack O. perseae only after invading webbed nests. Conversely. fresh and cold stored N. californicus employed three different modes of predatory attack: (1) intercepting and attacking migrant O. perseae outside of web nests: (2) attacking prey through nest webbing; or (3) invading and attacking O. perseae inside nests. Predatory efficacy of both N. californicus and G. helveolus was reduced following cold storage. as both species engaged in certain predatory behaviors less frequently in comparison to predators that were not stored at low temperatures. Our observed results for N. californicus and G. helveolus attacking O. perseae are interpreted in relation to the chaetotaxy hypothesis, which proposes that phytoseiid invasion efficiency and propensity of webbed nests is facilitated by dorsal setal lengths.

  1. Mutual interference between adult females of Galendromus flumenis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) feeding on eggs of Banks grass mite decreases predation efficiency and increases emigration rate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganjisaffar, Fatemeh; Nachman, Gösta; Perring, Thomas M

    2017-05-01

    The Banks grass mite, Oligonychus pratensis (Banks) (Acari: Tetranychidae) causes significant damage to dates in California (USA), if not controlled. Studies are underway to develop biological control strategies against this pest in dates using the predatory mite Galendromus flumenis (Chant) (Acari: Phytoseiidae). In California date gardens, this predator is found in low numbers that are insufficient for the economic suppression of Banks grass mites, and our research aims to understand why it fails to keep up with prey densities. The hypothesis that prey density and predator interference interactively determine the predation efficiency of G. flumenis was tested. In addition, the effect of arena size and prey and predator density manipulations on the emigration rate of the predator was investigated. Our results indicate that the per capita predation rate of G. flumenis decreases steeply with increasing predator density due to mutual interference. Analysis of emigration data considering the arena size and predator numbers showed that the emigration rate of G. flumenis was higher from small arenas, and increased with increasing predator numbers. When emigration data were analyzed using prey and predator densities as independent variables, only the effect of predator density was significant, suggesting that higher predator density increases the emigration rate of G. flumenis. These results contribute to our understanding of the predator-prey interactions, and help in designing strategies for more efficient augmentative releases of G. flumenis.

  2. Relationship between temperature and development of Galendromus flumenis (Acari: Phytoseiidae), a predator of Banks grass mite (Acari: Tetranychidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganjisaffar, Fatemeh; Perring, Thomas M

    2015-12-01

    The Banks grass mite, Oligonychus pratensis (Banks) (Acari: Tetranychidae), is a serious pest of grains, grasses and dates. In order to develop and optimize biological control strategies against the Banks grass mite, the survival and development of the predator, Galendromus flumenis (Chant) (Acari: Phytoseiidae), at eleven constant temperatures between 12 and 44°C were determined. The survival rates of G. flumenis (67.4-89.5 %) were highest between 26 and 38°C although it developed successfully from egg to adult at temperatures ranging from 18 to 42°C. The lower temperature threshold (T 0 ) and thermal constant (K) for total immature development were 13.3°C and 145.3 degree-days, respectively. The upper temperature threshold was 44.3°C, and the optimal temperature for development was calculated to be 37.5°C. These results indicate that G. flumenis is better adapted to high temperatures than most predators in the Phytoseiidae. In addition, the thermal requirements for total development of G. flumenis was found to be very close to those of O. pratensis which indicates that there should be synchrony between the occurrence of the prey and the predator. Therefore, the lack of predation observed in the field is related to other factors, such as the developmental time between O. pratensis and G. flumenis, or the inability of the predator to establish at the same time, and in the same location, as the prey.

  3. KONSEP DIRI ANAK JALANAN DI KABUPATEN REJANG LEBONG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadila Fadila

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This study  aims  to  examine  how  the  concept  description Up  the  Streets  Age  Child  and Adolescent why the concept of self can be created. This research approach is mixed namely quantitative and qualitative, sample number 36 street children in Rejang Lebong regency. Sampling techniques using purposive sampling method. Instrument used to analyze the self-concept of street children by using questionnaires and interviews. The results of the study half of street children Rejang Lebong regency feel confident become street children, feel more responsible, feel more appreciated and feel independent. find the courage to face any conditions for forged by the various conditions that passed over in the street and had to be alert through the remains suspicious with people outside their community. Street children feel that they have to attract the pity of others and look Lusu, but street children are not in school can not chant, deceitful, communicate disrespectful and prone act of criminality Street children also feel the need to have a sense of mutual help and sensitive in particular with fellow community and controlling emotions sometimes a bit difficult to control.

  4. Alphons Diepenbrock and the European world of composers at the fin-de-siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van der Leeuw Gerard

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The article consists of three parts. In the first part the author gives a survey of the large artistic renewal that took place in the Netherlands around 1900. Special attention is given to "de beweging van Tachtig"(the movement of the "Tachtigers", a renewal movement in literature in which the composer Alphons Diepenbrock was involved. In the second part a short description of the life and work of this most important Dutch composer of the end of the nineteenth century is given. In his early years Diepenbrock orientated himself to composers like Wagner, especially around the First World War (in which the Netherlands remained a neutral country, and he became a fervent admirer of French art. His music is a unique synthesis of Wagner's chromaticism, the word-bound rhythms of plain-chant and the polyphonic music of the old Flemish schools of Ockeghem and Josquin. In the third part the author deals with a couple of Diepenbrock's (artistic contacts. There are highlights on Mahler, Schönberg and Debussy, primarily based on their correspondence.

  5. MARKETING MIX IN SPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srećko Novaković

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Marketing mix'' along the term of life cycle has robbed the trademark for the conception of marketing and the market direction of company, corporations and institutions. Essence marketing-mixa is in the simultaneous determining of the target market group of consumer (the buyer or stays the public and specially prepared and the coordinated impact of elements mixa, and this is the product, price, distributions and graduation ceremonies. Given that is mix combinations of verified variables, companies he use in order to would achieve are wished the scope sales on the target market. In the wider context significant influence of environment on the chosen structure marketing-mixa have not only technological, economic and competitive services already and socially-owned, legislative, legal and political services. From those reasons chant the marketing -mixa occasionally replaces expression are coordinated term acts on the market. Elements marketing-mix-and at sport marketings same are as well as at marketings every other activity. They contain the sportively product and the service, appreciate the sport product and services, distribution of sport product and services and the promotion of sport product and services.

  6. Performance Measurement Of Mel Frequency Ceptral Coefficient (MFCC) Method In Learning System Of Al- Qur’an Based In Nagham Pattern Recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afrillia, Yesy; Mawengkang, Herman; Ramli, Marwan; Fadlisyah; Putra Fhonna, Rizky

    2017-12-01

    Most of research have used signal and speech processing in order to recognize makhraj pattern and tajwid reading in Al-Quran by exploring the mel frequency ceptral coefficient (MFCC). However, to our knowledge so far there is no research has been conducted to recognize the chanting of Al-Quran verse using MFCC. This term is also well-known as nagham Al-Quran. The characteristics of nagham Al-Quran pattern is much more complex then makhraj and tajwid pattern. In nagham the wave of the sound has more variation which implies the level of noice is much higher and has sound duration longer. The data testing in this research was taken term by real-time recording. The evaluation measurement in the system performance of nagham Al-Quran pattern is based on true and false detection parameter with accuracy 80%. To measure this accuracy it is necessary to modify the MFCC or to give more data learning process with more variation.

  7. Inter relationship of Ayurveda and Astrology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwivedi, Jaiprakash Narayan

    2013-01-01

    In the universe all the creatures are related to Adhivyadhi, which indicates mental agony or bodily pain. Acharyas of Ayurveda like Charaka, Sushruta and Kashyap have classified diseases into various categories like Agantuja, Sharirika, Manasika, Swabhavika, etc. Charaka classified diseases based on the prognosis like Sadhya, Asadhya, Mrudu and Daruna. Ayurveda also suggested Daiva Vyapashraya Chikitsa which includes of Manidharana and chanting Mantras. Astrological sciences suggest 10 types of remedial measures in the treatment of diseases. This science considers that causative factors of various disorders are the Navagrahas (nine planets). The influence of the planets on various procedures like drug processing, bath taking, performing Yajna, wearing Ratna, etc. are well documented in Jyotishashastra. Drugs processed in Chandra Nakshatra acts as ambrosia and subdues Tridoshajanya Vyadhi. Medicated baths are suggested for diseases engendered due to involvement of different planet effects viz. Sarshpa for Shukra, Haridra and Daruharidra for Shani Lodhra for Ketu, Sharpunkha for Rahu, etc. In a close scrutiny it appears that Jyotishashastra Siddhanta can play crucial role in the management of chronic diseases.

  8. Écriture et dissidence dans les fictions spéculatives de Pascal Quignard : sur l´exemple de Boutès

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Martínez García

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In Boutès (2008 Pascal Quignard rescues the figure of this pre-Homeric neglected hero, hidden in one of the best known mythological legends, that of Ja-son and Argona, to which Apollonius of Rhodes only dedicates but a few lines. Contrary to Ulysses and Orpheus, Butes abandons the rowing and lets himself be carried away by the sirens’ chant. In Quignard´s opinion, he dissents from the exemplary model of the heroes that have founded our culture, and dissociates himself from the group that tries to enclose and domesticate the outcast. Based on Quignard´s reading of this myth, we propose an approach to his writing as a token of ethic and aesthetic dissidence, affecting different aspects: dissidence from prevailing models of socialization, dissi-dence from traditional literary forms and conventional genres, dissidence from meta-narratives and their linear vision of history, and finally, dissidence from modern conceptions of time and progress.

  9. Ampélos, Carpos et Hylas. Nonnos face à Théocrite et Apollonios de Rhodes Ampelus, Carpus and Hyla. Nonnus face to face with Teocritus ans Apollonius of Rhodes Ampelo, Carpo e Ila. Nonno dinanzi a Teocrito e Apollonio Rodio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Fayant

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available L’influence, souvent soulignée, de la poésie hellénistique sur les Dionysiaques de Nonnos de Panopolis revêt des formes diverses. Dans l’épisode d’Ampélos, lorsqu’il évoque la disparition du jeune Satyre aimé de Dionysos, dont la métamorphose posthume donne naissance à la vigne (chants 10-12, Nonnos, par un jeu subtil d’intertextualité avec le chant I des Argonautiques d’Apollonios de Rhodes et l’Idylle XIII de Théocrite, invite à rapprocher le drame d’Ampélos et la légende d’Hylas, éromène d’Héraclès dont la disparition met fin à la participation du héros à l’expédition des Argonautes. L’article analyse les procédés mis en œuvre par Nonnos pour faire référence à ses prédécesseurs hellénistiques et les significations possibles, tant littéraires que mythologiques, de ces renvois à la légende d’Hylas.The influence, often remarked upon, of hellenistic poetry on Nonnus’ Dionysiaca, assumes different forms. In the Ampelus episode, when Nonnus evokes the disappearance of the young satire, loved by Dionysus, whose posthumous metamorphosis gives birth to the vine (Books 10-12, the poet, through subtle intertextual play with Book I of Apollonius of Rhodes’ Argonautica and Theocritus’ Idyll XIII, invites his reader to compare Ampelus’ drama with the legend of Hylas, Heracles’ eromenos, whose disappearance puts an end to the participation of that hero in the Argonauts’ expedition. The article analyses the processes Nonnus uses to reference his hellenistic predecessors, and also the possible meanings, both literary and mythological, of these reflections upon the Hylas legend.L’influsso, spesso sottolineato, della poesia ellenistica sulle Dionisiache di Nonno di Panopoli si riveste di forme differenti. Nell’episodio di Ampelo, quando egli evoca la scomparsa le giovane satiro amato da Dioniso la cui metamorfosi postuma dà vita alla vigna (canti 10-12, Nonno, in un sottile

  10. Conversing with Pelehonuamea: A workshop combining 1,000+ years of traditional Hawaiian knowledge with 200 years of scientific thought on Kīlauea volcanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauahikaua, James P.; Babb, Janet L.; Kauahikaua, James P.; Babb, Janet L.

    2017-05-25

    The events surrounding volcanic eruptions and damaging earthquakes in Hawai‘i have often been described in journals, letters, and newspapers articles in the English language; however, the Hawaiian nation was among the most literate of countries in the 19th century, and many Hawaiian-language newspapers were in circulation through all but the earliest decades of the 19th century. Any modern reconstruction of the history of Hawaiian eruptions or earthquakes should take advantage of all available sources, and so we seek to add the Hawaiian-language newspaper articles, journals, stories, and chants to the volcano and earthquake literature. These sources have been used in many recent volcanological studies.Another aspect to the mix of science and traditional Hawaiian values is that many of the volcanic summits in Hawaiʻi are considered sacred to Hawaiians. Hawaiian travelers brought the first Western missionary team to the summit of Kīlauea and advised them of the proper protocols and behaviors while in this sacred area. The missionaries dismissed this advice as native superstition and they began a campaign of aggressively stamping out customs and protocols related to the Hawaiian volcano goddess Pelehonuamea. What has survived as native knowledge of the volcanoes is a few phrases from native guides included in some of the missionaries’ journals, and a few stories. Pualani and Kuʻulei Kanahele provide excellent introductions to the Pelehonuamea chants.In the 21st century, amid a reawakening of Hawaiian culture, modern Hawaiians are demanding protection of their sacred areas, and scientists must be aware of these interests. At the very least, scientists should show respect to Hawaiian values when working in these areas, and should try to minimize disruptions caused by their work. Kaeo Duarte, Peter Mills, and Scott Rowland describe taking this approach in their field work.Traditional knowledge is also contained in place names. It is important not only to preserve

  11. GRAÚNA: flights and sings of children “Quilombola’s” Curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Terezinha Rosa Valladares

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Problematize (impossibilities of flights and chants in a curriculum lived by children in the areas of a quilombola community, in their first school years, motivated this work. The methodological composition, in a concept of daily research, encompassed conversations and narrations in recesses, classes and visits to the Graúna School, Itapemirim – Espírito Santo. Understanding that a lived curriculum adds teaching plans and learning, experienced in the daily academic life, invading community life, to beyond the school boundaries, structuring negotiations in conversations, authors whose comprehensions support these questions are invited to formulation of concepts, such as community/school. Graúna’s community holds peculiarity of quilombola registration by ancestry of its people, without a resistance movement for territory maintenance and without quilombola identity admitted by cultural tradition. The school’s curricular act, in pedagogical gesture, elaborates the entanglement community/school to (recreate the quilombola identity in the community. The reality of the Graúna children moves through figurative and concrete sights, where the open gates of the school do not encage hope, but give freedom for the little wings to prepare to fly over the world, chanting identities and well-being of stories lived in different times, in the impetus provided by a community/school, called Graúna – not by chance. Problematizar (impossibilidades de voos e (encantos num currículo vivido por crianças em geografias de uma comunidade quilombola, nos anos iniciais escolares, motivou este trabalho. A composição metodológica, numa concepção de pesquisa com cotidiano, abarcou conversações e narrativas em recreios, aulas e visitas à escola de Graúna, Itapemirim – Espírito Santo. Entendendo que um currículo vivido soma planos de ensino e aprendizagens, experimentadas no cotidiano escolar, invadindo vida de comunidade, para além muros de escola

  12. Canto pré-natal: alquimias sonoras para gestantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina Trasel Martins

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo irá focar no canto pré-natal; nos benefícios da música e do canto durante a gestação; na audição do feto no ventre e na escuta da gestante do seu corpo. Como metodologia para pesquisar sobre estes temas foram realizados estudos teóricos nas áreas da musicoterapia obstétrica, da terapia sonora e da medicina e também foram realizadas práticas de canto pré-natal. Arte, movimento e saúde são integrados com as alquimias sonoras para ampliar a consciência da corporeidade da mulher durante a gestação. Com cantos femininos em um círculo de mulheres, nos apoiamos e nos fortalecemos durante a gestação e enviamos vibrações sonoras harmoniosas para o bebê no ventre. ABSTRACT This article will focus on prenatal singing; on the benefits of music and singing during pregnancy; on the baby's hearing in the womb and on the listening of the pregnant woman to her body. To determine the methodology for researching these themes, theoretical studies were done in obstetrical music therapy, sound therapy, medicine and also practical research in prenatal singing classes. Art, movement and health are integrated with sound alchemy to widen the woman’s body awareness during pregnancy. With feminine chants in a circle of women, we support and strengthen ourselves during pregnancy and we send harmonious sounds vibrations to the baby in the womb. KEYWORDS Prenatal singing, prenatal music, pregnancy, listening, consciousness.

  13. Freins et motivations à la diversification des cultures dans les exploitations agricoles : étude de cas en Vendée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merrien André

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Face aux défis environnementaux, la diversification des cultures apporte une partie des réponses. Mais quel que soit son intérêt, elle se heurte à des freins comme l’intérêt économique, la méconnaissance des itinéraires techniques, ou encore l’absence de filière encadrant la production et assurant une valorisation. Les auteurs présentent ici le résultat d‘une étude de cas conduite dans des exploitations agricoles des Pays de la Loire, réparties entre des productions de grandes cultures ou de polyculture/élevage. Six principaux critères de choix, qui peuvent constituer autant de freins ou au contraire de motivations, apparaissent dans l’étude : (1 le délai de retour et la place de la culture de diversification dans l’assolement, (2 les contraintes du milieu (sol, terres séchantes, (3 le travail exigé et la complexité de la culture de diversification, (4 les performances techniques et économiques de la nouvelle culture à introduire, (5 la synergie avec l’activité d’élevage, et (6 l’accompagnement technique. Si le frein de la performance économique, souvent jugée insuffisante, est clairement identifié, la méconnaissance des atouts de la diversification paraît également entretenir une position attentiste des exploitants sondés.

  14. Effect of yoga or physical exercise on physical, cognitive and emotional measures in children: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telles, Shirley; Singh, Nilkamal; Bhardwaj, Abhishek Kumar; Kumar, Ankur; Balkrishna, Acharya

    2013-11-07

    Previous studies have separately reported the effects of physical exercise and yoga in children, showing physical, cognitive and emotional benefits. The present randomized controlled trial assessed the effects of yoga or physical exercise on physical fitness, cognitive performance, self-esteem, and teacher-rated behavior and performance, in school children. 98 school children between 8 to 13 years were randomized as yoga and physical exercise groups {n = 49 each; (yoga: 15 girls, group mean age 10.4 ± 1.2 years), (physical exercise: 23 girls, group mean age 10.5 ± 1.3 years)}. Both groups were blind assessed after allocation, using: (i) the Eurofit physical fitness test battery, (ii) Stroop color-word task for children, (iii) Battle's self-esteem inventory and (iv) the teachers' rating of the children's obedience, academic performance, attention, punctuality, and behavior with friends and teachers. After assessments the yoga group practiced yoga (breathing techniques, postures, guided relaxation and chanting), 45 minutes each day, 5 days a week. During this time the physical exercise group had jogging-in-place, rapid repetitive movements and relay races or games. Both groups were assessed at the end of 3 months. Data were analyzed with RM ANOVA and post-hoc tests were Bonferroni adjusted. There was one significant difference between groups. This was in social self-esteem which was higher after physical exercise compared to yoga (p self-esteem improved in the yoga group (p self-esteem. The study was registered in the Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI/2012/11/003112).

  15. Retorica melosului bizantin (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Suceava

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available On a souligné volontiers l’oubli et même „la mort de la rhétorique”, notamment à l’époque du Romantisme et de l’école positiviste. Voilà plus d’un demi-siècle que nous assistons à un renouveau d’intérêt pour la vieille discipline et particulièrement, en ce qui concerne le domaine de la musicologie, pour ce qu’on a pu nommer la „rhétorique musicale”. Nous avons essayé, dans cette première partie d’une étude que nous espérons développer dans la suite, à définir un cadre d’analyse appliquée à la mélopée byzantine en extrapolant en partie une série terminologique dont la musica poetica tirait déjà profit depuis la Renaissance, comme enseignement plus ou moins officialisé et comme instrument supérieur de création musicale. Il a fallu en premier lieu résumer des données historiques liées aux commencements de l’enseignement des disciplines libérales dans le monde byzantin, comme héritage de la civilisation antique, spécialement la rhétorique et la musique, en tâchant de signaler les éléments de la théologie chrétienne aptes à définir la mise en rapport de la doctrina christiana avec l’apprentissage, dans les écoles auliques, cathédrales ou monastiques de l’Empire, des disciplines du trivium et du quadrivium d’une part et de la poésie religieuse de l’autre.

  16. Élégie fin de siècle et mort du lyrisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugues Laroche

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Après les années romantiques qui semblent en marquer l’apogée, l’élégie de la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle peut apparaître comme un genre suranné et nettement moins revendiqué. Elle entre pourtant en résonance avec le motif de la mort du poète ou de la poésie, motif d’abord romantique mais dont l’urgence frappe encore davantage les post-romantiques : que dire encore après les chefs d’œuvre élégiaques de la 1re moitié du siècle ? Rien d’autre sans doute que la disparition programmée du lyrisme élégiaque et personnel. Le « je » s’en va et n’a de cesse, des sonnets-tombeaux de Mallarmé aux Élégies de Verlaine en passant par les Complaintes de Laforgue, que d’exposer sa misère en transformant, dans une sorte d’alchimie du verbe, la disparition du lyrisme en lyrisme de la disparition. Et, de ce point de vue, la référence à l’élégie comme « chant de deuil » est inévitable.

  17. Complimentary effect of yogic sound resonance relaxation technique in patients with common neck pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yogitha Bali

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Studies have shown that conventional treatment methods with drugs, physiotherapy and exercises for common neck pain (CNP may be inadequate. Yoga techniques have been found to be effective complimentary therapies in chronic low back pain and also for stress reduction in other diseases. Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the complimentary role of a yogic relaxation called mind sound resonance technique (MSRT in non-surgical management of CNP. Materials and Methods: In this randomized controlled study, 60 patients with CNP were assigned to two groups (yoga, n=30 and (control, n=30. The yoga group received yogic MSRT for 20 minutes in supine position after the conventional physiotherapy program for 30 minutes using pre-recorded audio CD and the control group had non-guided supine rest for 20 minutes (after physiotherapy, for 10 days. MSRT provides deep relaxation for both mind and body by introspective experience of the sound resonance in the whole body while repeating the syllables A, U, M and Om and a long chant (Mahamrityunjaya mantra several times in a meaningful sequence. Both the groups had pre and post assessments using visual pain analog scale, tenderness scoring key, neck disability score (NDS questionnaire, goniometric measurement of cervical spinal flexibility, and state and trait anxiety inventory-Y1 (STAI-Y1. Results: Mann-Whitney U test showed significant difference between groups in pain (P<0.01, tenderness (P<0.01, neck movements (P<0.01. NDS (P<0.01 and state anxiety (STAI-Y1 showed higher reduction in yoga (P<0.01 than that in the control group. Wilcoxon′s test showed a significant improvement in both groups on all variables (P<0.01. Conclusions : Yoga relaxation through MSRT adds significant complimentary benefits to conventional physiotherapy for CNP by reducing pain, tenderness, disability and state anxiety and providing improved flexibility.

  18. L'art de faire parler les pierres : Bande-son de Bertrand de la Peine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Dangy

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Bande-Son, de Bertrand de la Peine, fait défiler trois figures de l’artiste qui suggèrent pour l’activité artistique un domaine de définition. À la pointe de la contemporanéité, Sven Langhens est un acousticien qui s’attache à rendre audible le chant de l’infime, celui des bêtes minuscules et même celui des pierres. Avant lui, au XVIIIe siècle, Rudolf Erich Raspe, auteur des Aventures du baron de Munchhausen, s’était déjà lancé sur les traces de pierres chantantes. Enfin, légèrement en retrait par rapport à ces deux figures originales dont il orchestre les rapports, le narrateur propose une poétique reflétant et court-circuitant à la fois les recherches de ses deux personnages. Leur interaction culminera dans une installation en Provence, qui, transcendant la distinction entre les différents sujets de l’art et leur objet, parviendra à piéger dans un miroir la force du vent.Bertrand de la Peine Bande-Son scrolls three artist figures who suggest a domain of definition for artistic activity. At the forefront of the contemporary, Sven Langhens is an acoustician who strives to make audible the voice of the tiny, tiny animals and even the stones. Before him, in the eighteenth century, Rudolf Erich Raspe, author of The Surprising Adventures of Baron Munchausen, had already run on the footsteps of singing stones. Finally, slightly down compared to the two original figures, the narrator reports their relationships and offers a poetic reflecting and bypassing his characters research. Their interaction will culminate in an installation in Provence, which transcends the distinction between the different subjects of art and object, succeeding in trapping the wind by a mirror’s force.

  19. GAME SCORING SUPPORTING OBJECTS MENGGUNAKAN AGEN CERDAS BERBASIS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astrid Novita Putri

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Game are activity most structure, one that ordinary is done in fun and also education tool and help to develop practical skill, as training, education, simulation or psychological. On its developing current game have until 3D. In one game, include in First Person Shutter  necessary scoring  one that intent to motivate that player is more terpacu to solve game until all through,  on scoring  Super Mario's game Boss, Compass does count scoring haven't utilized Artifical Intelligent so so chanted, while player meet with supporting objects example ammor  ability really guns directly dead, so is so easy win. Therefore at needs a count scoring  interesting so more motivated in finishing problem Scoring accounting point for First Person Shutter's game .This modelling as interesting daring in one game, since model scoring  one that effective gets to motivate that player is more terpacu in plays and keep player for back plays. Besides model scoring  can assign value that bound up with game zoom.On Research hits scoring this game will make scoring bases some criterion which is health Point, Attack point, Defence point, And  Magic  what do at have  supporting objects ,then in this research do compare two method are methodic statistic and Fuzzy. Result of this research 83,4 % on testing's examination and on eventually gets to be concluded that fuzzy's method in trouble finish time more long time but will player more challenging to railroad.

  20. Comparing historical and contemporary opera singers with historical and contemporary Jewish cantors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothman, H B; Diaz, J A; Vincent, K E

    2000-06-01

    This study is an attempt to ascertain if singers from different traditions and milieus follow similar aesthetic trends regardless of training and/or background. Cantors who sang the Jewish synagogue liturgy during the Golden Age of cantorial singing prior to World War II came from Eastern and Central Europe. For the most part, they were not trained in the classical Western opera tradition. They received training from choir leaders and other cantors and the training was primarily in the modes of synagogue chant. Cantors today receive the same kinds of training that opera singers receive, often from the same teachers. Four groups of singers, consisting of four singers in each group, were utilized in this study. The four groups are: historical opera singers, contemporary opera singers, historical cantors, and contemporary cantors. The historical opera singer recordings date from as early as 1909 to as late as 1939. It was not possible to determine the dates of the historical cantor recordings. However, the four cantors chosen for this group were active only to the 1940s. Contemporary samples were taken from CDs and/or live recordings and all the singers from the contemporary groups are either still active or were active in the 1960s through the 1980s and all of them are considered to be premier-level singers in their respective areas. The variables analyzed were: vibrato pulse rate, frequency variation of the vibrato pulse above and below the mean sustained sung frequency in percent, the mean amplitude variation of the amplitude vibrato pulse above and below the mean sustained amplitude in percent and the fast Fourier transform (FFT) power spectrum of the sustained samples. Results indicate that most of the significant differences were found between eras and not between groups within a time period.

  1. Redefining the political moment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Arvanitakis

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available On 16 February 2003, more than half a million people gathered in Sydney, Australia, as part of a global anti-war protest aimed at stopping the impending invasion of Iraq by the then US Administration. It is difficult to estimate how many millions marched on the coordinated protest, but it was by far the largest mobilization of a generation. Walking and chanting on the streets of Sydney that day, it seemed that a political moment was upon us. In a culture that rarely embraces large scale activism, millions around Australian demanded to be heard. The message was clear: if you do not hear us, we would be willing to bring down a government. The invasion went ahead, however, with the then Australian government, under the leadership of John Howard, being one of the loudest and staunchest supporters of the Bush Administrations drive to war. Within 18 months, anti-war activists struggled to have a few hundred participants take part in anti-Iraq war rallies, and the Howard Government was comfortably re-elected for another term. The political moment had come and gone, with both social commentators and many members of the public looking for a reason. While the conservative media was often the focus of analysis, this paper argues that in a time of late capitalism, the political moment is hollowed out by ‘Politics’ itself. That is to say, that formal political processes (or ‘Politics’ undermine the political practices that people participate in everyday (or ‘politics’. Drawing on an ongoing research project focusing on democracy and young people, I discuss how the concept of ’politics‘ has been destabilised and subsequently, the political moment has been displaced. This displacement has led to a re-definition of ‘political action’ and, I argue, the emergence of a different type of everyday politics.

  2. Measure for measure: curriculum requirements and children's achievement in music education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bond, Trevor; Bond, Marie

    2010-01-01

    Children in all public primary schools in Queensland, Australia have weekly music lessons designed to develop key musical concepts such as reading, writing, singing and playing simple music notation. Their understanding of basic musical concepts is developed through a blend of kinaesthetic, visual and auditory experiences. In keeping with the pedagogical principles outlined by the Hungarian composer, Zoltan Kodaly, early musical experiences are based in singing well-known children's chants - usually restricted to notes of the pentatonic scale. In order to determine the extent to which primary school children's musical understandings developed in response to these carefully structured developmental learning experiences, the Queensland Primary Music Curriculum was examined to yield a set of over 70 indicators of musical understanding in the areas of rhythm, melody and part-work,the essential skills for choral singing. Data were collected from more than 400 children's attempts at elicited musical performances. Quantitative data analysis procedures derived from the Rasch model for measurement were used to establish the sequence of children's mastery of key musical concepts. Results suggested that while the music curriculum did reflect the general development of musical concepts, the grade allocation for a few concepts needed to be revised. Subsequently, children's performances over several years were also analysed to track the musical achievements of students over time. The empirical evidence confirmed that children's musical development was enhanced by school learning and that indicators can be used to identify both outstanding and atypical development of musical understanding. It was concluded that modest adjustments to the music curriculum might enhance children's learning opportunities in music.

  3. Continuitate şi primenire în muzica de cult bizantină

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violina GALAICU

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Continuity and advent in Byzantine music Anyone who has ever got involved in Byzantine cult music has confronted with the issue of permanence and change, stable and mobile elements, tradition and innovation in this art. In the permanence-change equation, permanence is the one that definitely takes precedence. It is the consequence or the cumulative effect of several essential parameters of sacred Byzantine singing: ecclesiality, canonicality, adherence to the Christian imperative of ascesis. Besides the stability of the typical compositional and interpretative characteristic of the Byzantine liturgical music, the historical stability of some particular songs (”Kontakion of the Nativity”, ”The Appeals” of Philotheus the Monk, Ioan Glykys’s ”Eothinals” is also noted. Of the two components of liturgical music, the text is more rigid and the melody is more flexible. It is natural for the literary part to have a greater resistance, because it concentrates the notional theology, defined and thus limited in its possible variations. Melody, as a non-notional theology, has more freedom, which is mirrored in its historical and regional fluctuations. The other binomial constituent (advent reveals that the Byzantine liturgical music has undergone changes over time and within its range as well. It is important that the changes have occurred gradually, have emerged as a result of evolutions, not leaps, breaks or “revolutions”. In all cases, by accepting some external suggestions, incor- porating certain extrinsic elements, the Eastern liturgical chant revalorizes them, by christening them, bringing them to church, and loading them with Orthodox relevance.

  4. SPIRITUALITY OF SALUANG SIROMPAK MUSIC IN TAEH BARUAH COMMUNITY, MINANGKABAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nil Ikhwan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Saluang sirompak is a type of music which has spiritual strength and is performed at Taeh Baruah, Payakumbuh District, Lima Puluh Koto Regency, Minangkabau, West Sumatra. It is performed to bewitch a girl who has humiliated a young man who would like to propose her. This activity is called Basirompak. The Saluang Sirompak performed in Basirompak is supported by what is called gasiang tangkurak, a chant sung with magic formula and an offering. It is performed at one of the seven tanjungs around Taeh Baruah. The problems of the study are formulated as follows. (1 What is the spirituality of the saluang sirompak music performed at Taeh Baruah, Minangkabau like? (2 What is the spiritual function of the saluang sirompak music performed at Taeh Baruah, Minangkabau?, and (3 what is the meaning and implication of the spirituality of the saluang sirompak music on the customs and traditions and religion of the Taeh Baruah community, Minangkabau? The theory of Deconstruction supported by the theory of Aesthetics and the theory of Semiotics was used in the present study. The data were qualitatively analyzed. It was found that the spirituality of the saluang sirompak music caused the people’s mentality and attitude to change. The fact that the activity of Basirompak had never been performed for the last three decades proved this. That indicates that the people living at Taeh Baruah and around it were aware that they should be polite, behave well and have good character, and solve problems, especially the problems related to the friendship between a girl and a young man, amicably.

  5. Nootropic efficacy of Satvavajaya Chikitsaand Ayurvedic drug therapy: A comparative clinical exposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hetal Amin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Ayurveda is known for philosophical basis, and its approach to psychological ailments is quite different from conventional system of management. Satvavajaya Chikitsa (Ayurvedic psychotherapy is a nonpharmacological approach aimed at control of mind and restraining it from unwholesome Artha (objects or stressors. Withdrawal of the mind from unwholesome objects is known as Sattvavajaya Chikitsa or it is a treatment by Self Control. Charaka defines it as a mind controlling therapy in which a stress has been laid on restraining of mind from unwholesome objects. Thus, it includes all the methods of Manonigraha and Astanga Yoga (Yogic techniques too. Indian philosophy portrays Astanga Yoga as a primary tool to control mind; hence it can be used as Satvavajaya Chikitsa. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate efficacy of Satvavajaya Chikitsa and Aushadhiya Medhya Chikitsa for improving Smriti in young healthy volunteers. Materials and Methods: Totally, 102 physically healthy volunteers between age group 16 and 25 years were divided into two groups. In Group A, Satvavajaya Chikitsa was adopted in form of Yogic procedures such as Asana, Pranayama, Chanting etc., with counseling and placebo. Group B was Shankhapushpi tablets made with whole part of Shankhpushpi plant was used as standard control. The Weschler′s memory scale (WMS was adopted to collect data before and after intervention period of 2 months. Paired and Unpaired t-test were used for analysis the data in Sigmastat Software. Results: Group A (Satvavajaya + placebo with counseling showed statistically highly significant result (P < 0.001 in verbal retention for similar pair, verbal retention for dissimilar pair and visual immediate tests; while Group B (Shankhapushpi tablets showed significant result (P < 0.01 in auditory delayed, visual delayed, auditory recognition and visual recognition tests. Conclusion: Satvavajaya Chikitsa shows better results in immediate recollection in terms of

  6. A case of zootherapy with the tarantula Brachypelma vagans Ausserer, 1875 in traditional medicine of the Chol Mayan ethnic group in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojo Roberto

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In practically every human culture, the use of arthropods as medicinal resources has been reported. In Mexico, the Mayan people mainly use plants but occasionally also animals and minerals in their medicine. This article is the first to report the traditional use of the tarantula Brachypelma vagans by medicine men in the Chol community, an ancient indigenous group that inhabits the southeastern part of Mexico. We also describe the utility of such arachnids in traditional medicine. Methods This study was carried out in different Chol communities in the states of Chiapas and Campeche (southeastern Mexico from 2003 until 2007. We interviewed the local medicine men, patients and non-Chol people in each village visited to collect information about the rituals involved and the effectiveness of this traditional medicine and also their opinion of this traditional medicine. Results In all independent villages, the people who present an illness called 'aire de tarantula' or tarantula wind with symptoms including chest pain, coughing and asthma, were treated by the medicine man (called 'hierbatero' with a tarantula-based beverage. From village to village, the beverage has a similar base composition but some variations occur in additional ingredients depending on the individual medicine man. Like in all traditional Mayan medicine, the ritual of the ceremony consists of drinking the tarantula-based beverage and this is principally accompanied by chants and burning of incense. Conclusions The recipe of the tarantula-based beverage and the procedure of this ritual ceremony were fairly constant in all the villages visited. Our work shows that despite the tarantula's bad image in several cultures, in others positive use is made of these spiders, as in modern medicine.

  7. Effects of multimodal mandala yoga on social and emotional skills for youth with autism spectrum disorder: An exploratory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyn Gorbett Litchke

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD demonstrates impairment in the ability to socially and emotionally relate to others that can limit participation in groups, interaction with peers, and building successful life relationships. Aims: The aim of this exploratory study was to examine the effects of a novel multimodal Mandala yoga program on social and emotional skills for youth with ASD. Subjects and Methods: Five males with ASD attended 1 h yoga sessions, twice a week for 4 weeks. Multimodal Mandala yoga comprised 26 circular partner/group poses, color and tracing sheets, rhythmic chanting, yoga cards, and games. Treatment and Research Institute for ASD Social Skills Assessment (TSSA scores were collected before and after the eight yoga sessions. The Modified Facial Mood Scale (MFMS was used to observe mood changes before and after each yoga class. Paired sample t-tests were conducted on TSSA and MFMS scores to compare social and emotional differences post the 4-week camp. Narrative field notes were documented after each of the eight yoga sessions. Results: A significant improvement from pre- to post-test was found in overall TSSA (t(4 = −5.744, P = 0.005 and on respondent to initiation (t(4 = −3.726, P = 0.020, initiating interaction (t(4 = −8.5, P = 0.039, and affective understanding and perspective taking subscales (t(4 = −5.171 P = 0.007. Youth's MFMS scores increased from 80% to 100% at the end of eight yoga sessions demonstrating a pleasant or positive mood. Thematic analysis of the narrative notes identified three key factors associated with the yoga experience: (a enhanced mood and emotional expression, (b increased empathy toward others, and (c improved teamwork skills. Conclusion: This multimodal Mandala yoga training has implication for developing positive social and emotional skills for youth with ASD.

  8. Variable élégie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michèle Monte

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article d’ouverture, nous proposons une brève présentation du genre élégiaque dans son contenu thématique, sa tonalité et son rapport au chant. Dans l’élégie, la poésie entendue comme rythme et forme canalise l’expression de la douleur au risque de la faire paraitre artificielle. L’élégie oscille ainsi entre l’écueil d’une trop grande maitrise et celui d’un abandon à l’informe, avec des arbitrages très différents entre ces deux risques selon les esthétiques et les époques, comme le montrent la variété des textes étudiés qui vont de l’Antiquité latine à l’extrême modernité en passant par André Chénier, le romantisme, Baudelaire, Verlaine et Laforgue. Sur le versant énonciatif, on observe aussi une grande diversité depuis des textes qui visent à faire communier dans la plainte locuteur et récepteur et d’autres qui cultivent une distance ironique ou visent à une disparition du sujet. L’élégie n’est pas dépourvue non plus d’une dimension communautaire et politique dans certaines de ses manifestations et le volume lui fait justice en montrant à la fois la pérennité de ce genre et sa plasticité.

  9. Le temps des nouveaux guerriers : le héros culturel, figure de la reconquête identitaire et territoriale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crystel Pinçonnat

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available A travers l’analyse de Ceremony (Cérémonie, Wolfsong (Le Chant du loup et Zia Summer (Sous le soleil de Zia, cet article se propose de montrer comment Leslie Marmon Silko, Louis Owens et Rudolfo Anaya, écrivains qui revendiquent tous leur appartenance à des minorités nord-américaines (amérindienne ou chicana,mettent respectivement en scène — dans ce que l’on pourrait appeler des « récits d’identité » — la réappropriation symbolique par un héros culturel du territoire ancestral, historiquement conquis.Through the analysis of Ceremony, Wolfsong and Zia Summer, this article studies how Leslie Marmon Silko, Louis Owens and Rudolfo Anaya — writers who claim their Native American or chicana identities — represent, in what could be qualified as “identity narratives”, the symbolical reappropriation by a cultural hero of the ancestral territory, historically conquered.A través de las obras Ceremony, Wolfsong y Zia Summer, este artículo analiza cómo Leslie Marmon Silko, Louis Owens y Rudolfo Anaya, unos escritores que reivindican su pertenencia a minorías norteamericanas (amerindias o chicanas, escenifican respectivamente – en que lo se podría denominar « relatos de identidad » – la reapropiación simbólica por parte de un heroe cultural del territorio ancestral, históricamente conquistado.

  10. De duplos e estereoscópios: paralelismo e personificação nos cantos xamanísticos ameríndios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro de Niemeyer Cesarino

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um estudo de exemplares das artes verbais xamanísticas, em sua maioria provenientes da América do Sul, a partir de suas estruturações paralelísticas, isto é, dos efeitos de repetição e justaposição de imagens e versos. Pretende-se não apenas realizar uma revisão bibliográfica do assunto, mas também relacionar o fenômeno da repetição verbal em cantos e narrativas a certas considerações atuais da etnologia americanista, tais como as dinâmicas de personificação, agência sociocósmica e predação. O artigo pretende ainda oferecer pistas e contribuições para o estudo das estéticas transformacionais ameríndias a partir de uma análise comparativa sobre traços específicos da oralidade em performance ritual.This article is a study of various examples of the shamanic verbal arts, the majority taken from South America. It takes as its starting point their parallelistic constructions - that is, the effects produced by repeating and juxtaposing images and verses. As well as providing a bibliographic survey of the topic, it also explores the relationship between the phenomenon of verbal repetition in chants and narratives, and various contemporary issues in Americanist anthropology, such as the dynamics of personification, sociocosmic agency and predation. The study also proposes a number of new directions in the study of Amerindian transformational aesthetics, based on the comparative analysis of specific traits of orality in ritual performance.

  11. YOUNG LEARNERS’ RHYTHMIC AND INTONATION SKILLS THROUGH DRAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olena Beskorsa

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the problem of implementing drama techniques into the process of developing young learners’ rhythmic and intonation skills. The main task of learning the foreign language is using it as a mean of pupils’ communication in oral and written forms. The author proves that drama techniques integrate successfully all types of speech activities. It is specified that this method transfers the focus from teaching grammatically correct speech to training clear and effective communication. The author emphasizes on that sentence stress and speed of speech has the greatest influence on the rhythm. The application of these drama techniques are thought to increase primary school pupils’ level of motivation to master the language skills perfectly, it provides a positive psychological climate in English classes. The teachers’ role has a tendency to minimizing. They act as facilitators. In author’s opinion if they do impose the authority implementing drama activities into the classroom, the educational value of drama techniques will be never gained. It is also disclosed that rhythmic and intonation skills shouldn’t be formed spontaneously, the process of their development has to be conducted in certain stages (presentation and production to make pupils’ speech fluent and pronunciation clear, introducing the exercises based on drama techniques. At the stage of presentation the following exercises have the most methodological value: speed dictations, dictogloss, asking questions to practise recognizing word boundaries, matching phrases to stress patterns, marking stresses and weak forms, authentic listening. At production stage they suggest using exercises like play reading and play production. The following pieces of drama texts are recommended to be applied for teaching primary school children: jazz chants, poems, scripted plays and simple scenes from different movie genres. It is also proved that drama techniques and

  12. Jean Grosjean : de l’élégie divine à une plainte sans sujet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Auroux

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Hantée par le retrait du divin, la poésie de Jean Grosjean chante la perte du dieu et la solitude du sujet. Trois recueils, séparés de plus de trente ans, nous permettent d’examiner les modalités variées de la plainte élégiaque, depuis la grande déploration oratoire jusqu’à un murmure proche du silence, et les figures du sujet lyrique dont elle construit l’image. Dans Apocalypse (1962, s’élève la voix du Créateur qui pleure la perte de son fils, voué à l’aliénation et à la mort par sa venue au monde, lamento auquel répond celui du Christ en croix, puis celui du fidèle abandonné dont la parole vise à conjurer l’absence. Élégies (1967 renvoie à la posture plus classique du deuil, où le sujet lyrique déplore la perte de la femme passionnément aimée, mais l’énonciation ébauche à l’arrière-plan une perte plus radicale, celle du divin. Dans Nathanaël enfin (1995, le sujet semble s’effacer devant la contemplation quasi muette du monde, d’une nature d’où Dieu s’est absenté, en proie au vertige du mouvement et du temps, et l’énoncé souvent impersonnel dessine en creux l’image d’un sage, entre résignation et acquiescement.

  13. A case of zootherapy with the tarantula Brachypelma vagans Ausserer, 1875 in traditional medicine of the Chol Mayan ethnic group in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machkour-M'Rabet, Salima; Hénaut, Yann; Winterton, Peter; Rojo, Roberto

    2011-03-30

    In practically every human culture, the use of arthropods as medicinal resources has been reported. In Mexico, the Mayan people mainly use plants but occasionally also animals and minerals in their medicine. This article is the first to report the traditional use of the tarantula Brachypelma vagans by medicine men in the Chol community, an ancient indigenous group that inhabits the southeastern part of Mexico. We also describe the utility of such arachnids in traditional medicine. This study was carried out in different Chol communities in the states of Chiapas and Campeche (southeastern Mexico) from 2003 until 2007. We interviewed the local medicine men, patients and non-Chol people in each village visited to collect information about the rituals involved and the effectiveness of this traditional medicine and also their opinion of this traditional medicine. In all independent villages, the people who present an illness called 'aire de tarantula' or tarantula wind with symptoms including chest pain, coughing and asthma, were treated by the medicine man (called 'hierbatero') with a tarantula-based beverage. From village to village, the beverage has a similar base composition but some variations occur in additional ingredients depending on the individual medicine man. Like in all traditional Mayan medicine, the ritual of the ceremony consists of drinking the tarantula-based beverage and this is principally accompanied by chants and burning of incense. The recipe of the tarantula-based beverage and the procedure of this ritual ceremony were fairly constant in all the villages visited. Our work shows that despite the tarantula's bad image in several cultures, in others positive use is made of these spiders, as in modern medicine.

  14. High-level radioactive wastes storage characterization and behaviour of spent fuels in long-term; Almacenamiento definitivo de residuos de radiactividad alta. Caracterizacion y comportamiento a largo plazo de los combustibles nucleares irradisos (II)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diaz Arocas, P.; Cobos, J.; Quinones, J.; Rodriguez Almazan, J.L.; Serrano, J. [CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)

    2001-07-01

    In order to understand the long term spent fuel dissolution under repository this report shows the study performed by considering spent fuel as a part of the multi barriers containment system. The study takes into account that the oxidative alteration/dissolution of spent fuel matrix is influenced by the intrinsic spent fuel physicochemical characteristics and the repository environmental parameters. Experimental and modelling results for granite and saline repositories are reported. Parameters considered in this work were pH, pCO{sub 2}, S/V ratio, redox conditions and the influence of the container material in the redox conditions. The influence of alpha, beta and gamma radiation and the resulting radiolytic products formed remains as one of the main uncertainties to quantify the spent fuel behaviour under repository conditions. It was studied in a first approach through dose calculations, modelling of radiolytic products formation and leaching experiments in the presence of external gamma irradiation source and leaching experiments of alpha doped UO{sub 2} pellets. Materials considered are LWR spent fuel (UO{sub 2} and MOX fuel) and their chemical analogues non irradiated UO{sub 2}, SIMFUEL and alpha doped UO{sub 2}. Lea chants were granite groundwater, synthetic granite groundwater, synthetic granite groundwater saturated in bentonite, and high concentrated saline solutions. The matrix dissolution rate and release rate of key radionuclides (i. e. actinides and fission products) obtained through the several experimental techniques and methodologies (dissolution, co-dissolution, precipitation and co-precipitation) together with modelling studies supported in geochemical codes are proposed. Moreover, secondary phases formed that could control release and retention of key nuclides are identified. Maximum concentration values for these radionuclides are reported. The data provided by this study were used in ENRESA-2000 performance assessment. (Author)

  15. Synchronized drumming enhances activity in the caudate and facilitates prosocial commitment--if the rhythm comes easily.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idil Kokal

    Full Text Available Why does chanting, drumming or dancing together make people feel united? Here we investigate the neural mechanisms underlying interpersonal synchrony and its subsequent effects on prosocial behavior among synchronized individuals. We hypothesized that areas of the brain associated with the processing of reward would be active when individuals experience synchrony during drumming, and that these reward signals would increase prosocial behavior toward this synchronous drum partner. 18 female non-musicians were scanned with functional magnetic resonance imaging while they drummed a rhythm, in alternating blocks, with two different experimenters: one drumming in-synchrony and the other out-of-synchrony relative to the participant. In the last scanning part, which served as the experimental manipulation for the following prosocial behavioral test, one of the experimenters drummed with one half of the participants in-synchrony and with the other out-of-synchrony. After scanning, this experimenter "accidentally" dropped eight pencils, and the number of pencils collected by the participants was used as a measure of prosocial commitment. Results revealed that participants who mastered the novel rhythm easily before scanning showed increased activity in the caudate during synchronous drumming. The same area also responded to monetary reward in a localizer task with the same participants. The activity in the caudate during experiencing synchronous drumming also predicted the number of pencils the participants later collected to help the synchronous experimenter of the manipulation run. In addition, participants collected more pencils to help the experimenter when she had drummed in-synchrony than out-of-synchrony during the manipulation run. By showing an overlap in activated areas during synchronized drumming and monetary reward, our findings suggest that interpersonal synchrony is related to the brain's reward system.

  16. Qalandar-name. Chapter 2. “Praise and blessing upon Muhammad Mustafa”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milyausha Ismagilova

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The present fragment contains the translated continuation of a medieval poetic text “Qalandar-name” written by the Crimean Sufi author Abu Bakr Qalandar. This fragment contains the second chapter devoted to praising (Salawat the Prophet Muhammad, after which the poet will glorify his righteous caliphs (al-Khulafa al-rashidun. As it appears from the author’s praises, he was a follower of Sunni Islam and, at the same time, a representative of the Sufi order (tariqa. Titles and names that Abu Bakr Kalandar uses in his chanting of Muhammad, are very familiar both to researchers of the Islamic religion and ordinary Muslims. He calls the Prophet the Lord (Sayyid of both worlds, Elect, Light, Leader of all the prophets and saints. The author mentions some famous miracles of the Messenger of Allah, such as the night journey (Isra and ascension to the seventh heaven (Mi’raj, the moon’s splitting and inanimate objects’ speaking. He also makes an allusion to the mystical interpretation of the Qur’an in relation to the hair of the Prophet. The Persian text is translated by Milyausha Ismagilova, a postgraduate student. Translation edition and comments are supplied by Damir Shagaviyev, Head of the Department of History of Public Thought and Islamic Studies of the Sh.Marjani Institute of History, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan (Kazan. * Continuation of the article. See beginning of the article in: Golden Horde Review, 2014, no. 2(4, pp.243–252.

  17. Muito barulho por nada ou o “xangô rezado baixo”: uma etnografia do “Quebra de 1912” em Alagoas, Brasil Much ado about nothing or “whispered shango”: an ethnography of the “1912 racket” in Alagoas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulisses Neves Rafael

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Em junho de 1939 Gonçalves Fernandes visitou Maceió, quase trinta anos após o fatídico episódio que ficou conhecido no local como o “Quebra de 1912” e que implicou na destruição quase total das casas de cultos afro-religiosos da capital estadual e municípios vizinhos. O estudioso pernambucano verificou a existência de uma modalidade religiosa que ele chamou de “candomblé em silêncio”, tendo dedicado ao assunto todo o primeiro capítulo do seu livro O Sincretismo Religioso no Brasil. As cerimônias realizadas nos terreiros de Maceió no período são descritas por ele como uma liturgia fechada, sem danças, cantos e sem a exaltação dos toques dos tambores, estando, portanto, cercadas de mistério e segredo, prevalecendo o cochicho e as atitudes pouco extravagantes.In June 1939, Gonçalves Fernandes visited Maceió, almost thirty years after the episode that became locally known as “1912 racket”, involving the destruction of almost every afro-religious cult house in the state’s capital and neighbouring towns. Gonçalves Fernandes noticed the existence of a religious modality that he called “silent candomblé”, having dedicated to the subject all the first chapter of his book O Sincretismo Religioso no Brasil. The ceremonies carried out in cult houses in Maceió in that period are described by Fernandes as a closed liturgy, with neither dances and chants nor the excitement caused by the drums, being, therefore, ceremonies surrounded by mystery and secret where whispering and non-fancy attitudes prevailed.

  18. Acaricidas utilizados na citricultura convencional e orgânica: manejo da leprose e populações de ácaros fitoseídeos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Júnior de Andrade

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O controle da leprose dos citros no Estado de São Paulo é realizado quase que exclusivamente com aplicações de acaricidas para o controle do ácaro vetor Brevipalpus phoenicis, as quais contribuem para o aumento dos custos de produção e podem afetar negativamente as populações de organismos benéficos. Portanto, o objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar, durante quatro safras, os efeitos de acaricidas indicados para o controle do ácaro B. phoenicis em citros convencional e orgânico sobre a evolução da leprose dos citros e sobre ácaros fitoseídeos. O experimento foi instalado em outubro de 2003, em pomar de laranja localizado no município de Reginópolis-SP. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos casualizados, estabelecendo-se os tratamentos, expressos em mL de p.c./100 L de água: spirodiclofen a 20 mL e cyhexatin a 50 mL (aplicados em rotação, calda sulfocálcica a 4.000 mL e testemunha sem aplicação de acaricidas. Entretanto, a rotação entre spirodiclofen e cyhexatin iniciou-se em setembro de 2006 e, anteriormente a esse período, utilizou-se somente o spirodiclofen. A cada quinze dias, foram realizados levantamentos populacionais do ácaro B. phoenicis e dos ácaros predadores Iphiseiodes zuluagai e os do gênero Euseius. O nível de controle adotado para o B. phoenicis foi de 8,3%, sendo que as aplicações dos produtos foram realizadas com pulverizador de arrasto tratorizado munido com lanças manuais. Na safra de 2007-2008, coletaram-se 10 frutos caídos devido à leprose por parcela e quantificou-se o número de lesões de leprose presentes em cada fruto. Avaliaram-se, ao término da safra de 2007-2008, a produtividade, as perdas devido à leprose, bem como a incidência e a severidade da leprose. Constatou-se que o local das lesões no fruto é mais importante para determinar sua queda do que o número de lesões presentes. Quanto mais intensa a infestação do ácaro B. phoenicis, maior é o número de lesões de

  19. Methodological disputes about interpretation of neum notation in the 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peno Vesna

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Until the end of the twentieth century in Byzantine musicological science there were two diametrically opposite approaches to the interpretation of the Byzantine neum notation systems and post-Byzantine music heritage after the Fall of Constantinople. Western European scholars, ignoring the post-Byzantine Chant tradition and the last semeography reform from the early nineteenth century, looked at the problems of the musical past only from the perspective of the Middle Ages. Greek researchers have shared the belief that the condition of an adequate understanding of the mid-Byzantine notation, or the so-called old method, is the knowledge of analytical neum system and theory, the basics of which were set up by musicians from the end of the seventeenth and during the eighteenth century, and were finally shaped by Chrisantos, Gregory and Chourmouzios and officially accepted in the Greek church in 1814. The path to overcoming the issues relating to the development of neum notation, and finding an adequate manner of decoding it, led through the understanding of the phenomenon of "interpretation" and other tendencies that marked the post-Byzantine music practice. Two scientists -the Danish Jørgen Raasted, a follower of the Western European musicological methods established by founders of Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae, and Greek theologist and musicologist Gregory Stathes - are specifically responsible for the reconciliation of the different methodological approaches. After numerous and often heated debates, the Danish scientist eventually largely accepted the views of his Greek counterpart. Moreover, he himself insisted, at the musicological conferences organized during the 1980s, on reviewing the controversial issues: the existence of chromatic intervals in the psalmody of the Middle-Ages, the problem of syllabic and melismatic interpretations of stenographic neum records, and so on. Concerning the above mentioned issues, the contemporary trends in

  20. Les Turcs dans les chansons des Rroms des Balkans à l'époque ottomane The Turks in the Rromani songs in the Balkans during the Ottoman period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Courthiade

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available La publication bilingue de 11 chansons rromanies de Bulgarie et une de Roumanie, une étude des noms, locutions, expressions turques utilisées dans les chants Rroms illustre la vision rromanie du personnage du Turc. En raison de l'accès tardif des Rroms à la littérature écrite (après la Seconde Guerre mondiale dans les Balkans, il n'y a que les récits oraux qui puissent apporter du matériel pour illustrer la recherche sur tel ou tel personnage dans leur vision du monde. Après avoir expliqué les différents noms attribués aux Turcs dans les chansons populaires, cette présentation tente de définir les traits principaux de ce personnage tel qu'il se dégage de ces chansons, à savoir, impitoyable, féroce et même sadique quand il s'agit de jouer avec la vie et les souffrances de ses victimes. Des points de vue similaires se retrouvent également dans les chansons rromanies de Roumanie. Une partie de cet article est consacrée aux noms propres turcs utilisés par les Rroms et une autre aux expressions et locutions turques présentes dans les chansons. L'étude englobe l'édition bilingue de onze chansons rromanies de Bulgarie et une de Roumanie, dans lesquelles est dépeint le personnage du Turc.Due to the late access of Rromani to written literature (after WWII in the Balkan, only oral accounts can provide illustrative material for research about such and such character in Rromani cosmovision. This is true among others for the Rroms' views on the Turks' character.  After explaining the various names given to the Turks in Rromani folk songs, the presentation attempts to define the main features of this character, as mirrored in these songs: mercilessness, fierceness, even sadism in playing with their victim's life and sufferings. Similar views are encountered in Rromani folk songs from Rumania as well. A passage of the article is devoted to Turkish proper names used among Rroms and another to Turkish phrases and expressions embodied

  1. Les livres pairs d’Alfred Jarry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Schuh

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans les Gestes et opinions du Dr Faustroll, pataphysicien, Alfred Jarry décrit une bibliothèque idéale, composée de 27 ouvrages qu’il nomme mystérieusement des « livres pairs ». Dans cette liste, on trouve aussi bien des œuvres canoniques du symbolisme (Mallarmé, Verlaine, Poe traduit par Baudelaire, des titres des amis de Jarry et des piliers des revues de l’époque (Rachilde, Gustave Kahn, Léon Bloy, que des ouvrages que l’on assimile davantage aux lectures enfantines (un conte de Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, les Mille et une Nuits, le théâtre de Florian ou des textes hors-catégorie (l’œuvre de Rabelais, l’évangile de Luc, les Chants de Maldoror. Beaucoup de critiques se sont interrogés sur la notion de « parité », sur l’égalité supposée entre ces ouvrages n’appartenant pas aux mêmes catégories littéraires. Mais l’intérêt de cette liste n’est pas de fournir un classement, ou d’affirmer l’équivalence de toutes les formes textuelles, comme on l’analyse souvent, en faisant de Jarry un chantre du nihilisme qui chercherait à pervertir les hiérarchies littéraires pour montrer la vacuité du sens. Au contraire, en faisant débuter le Faustroll par une liste d’ouvrages, Jarry met en place les conditions de réception de son texte, dans une posture très littéraire. L’espace délimité par la liste des auteurs pairs fonctionne comme un portrait spirituel de Jarry-littérateur, et livre le contexte selon lequel son discours doit être reçu. La bibliothèque du Dr Faustroll fixe les références que le lecteur pourra voir convoquer dans le texte, et circonscrit l’espace littéraire dans lequel peut fonctionner cet ouvrage.

  2. Réflexions sur le texte (pseudo-littéraire chez Paolo Mantegazza : Un giorno a Madera. Una pagina dell'igiene d'amore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwige Comoy Fusaro

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En 1868, à l'âge de trente-sept ans, l'anthropologue italien Paolo Mantegazza, auteur de nombreux ouvrages de divulgation scientifique, inaugure une nouvelle stratégie de communication avec la publication d'un roman, Un jour à Madère (Un giorno a Madera. En s'adressant au public plus restreint et plus cultivé des romans, Mantegazza tente d'élargir son audience à de nouvelles couches de la population. Cependant, ses motivations restent inchangées. Le genre pseudo-scientifique dissimulait des visées morales : la santé du corps étant liée à la santé morale, ses livres de divulgation véhiculaient essentiellement une ligne de conduite, un décalogue des bonnes mœurs. Avec le nouveau genre pseudo-romanesque, l'auteur dissimule sous la forme alléchante de la fiction narrative des visées médicales, plus précisément prophylactiques. Dans les deux cas, néanmoins, formes et savoirs sont instrumentalisés : la déontologie scientifique et l'esthétique du texte littéraire s'inclinent devant l'idéologie.Nel 1868, il trentasettenne antropologo monzese Paolo Mantegazza, già autore di numerosi libri di divulgazione scientifica, inaugura con la pubblicazione di un romanzo, Un giorno a Madera, una nuova strategia di comunicazione. Rivolgendosi al pubblico dei romanzi, più limitato e più colto, Mantegazza cerca di allargare il proprio lettorato. Tuttavia le sue motivazioni rimangono incambiate. Il genere pseudo-scientifico dissimulava fini moralistici : essendo la salute del corpo legata alla salute morale, i libri di divulgazione trasmettevano essenzialmente un modus operandi, un decalogo dei buoni costumi. Con il nuovo genere pseudo-romanzesco, l'autore dissimula sotto la forma allettante della finzione narrativa fini medici, nella fattispecie profilattici. In ambedue i casi, però, forme e saperi vengono strumentalizzati : la deontologia scientifica e l'estetica del testo letterario cedono il passo all'ideologia.

  3. Towards the Establishment of Criteria for Discussing Music in Terms of Symmetry and Asymmetry (an Outline)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csapó, Gyula

    Symmetry and asymmetry are universally present in music: our subject matter is vast, systematic applications abound. One cannot hope to do justice to this subject in an essay (only perhaps in a multi-volume book), let alone in a comprehensive manner that would include even the most important examples. The theoretical problems alone, concerning even the seemingly obvious cases, are considerable. Many of these arise from the complex, often interactive, simultaneous and temporal, i.e. multidimensional manner in which musical parameters1 behave. Thus, a rigorously systematic approach is necessary. This essay will attempt no more than to create scaffolding to facilitate future access to this subject. The bibliographical source references following the article will guide the readers to the editions of the musical examples. The terms symmetry and asymmetry (S/A for a while from here on) will be used to describe ephemeral and transitory, definitive, referential and background phenomena alike; and everything in-between. Further, S and A will be treated as a matter of degree, not as absolutes. In many instances, S/A will be thought of metaphorically or symbolically. With this caveat, many of the theoretical problems will no longer appear insurmountable. As stated before, examples of (systematic, conscious uses of) S and A in Western Art Music are universally present, all the way from Gregorian Chant to the music of Ockeghem; all the way from J.S. Bach through the Classical and Romantic eras to the increasingly conscious and mathematically ambitious applications from the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries (e.g. in the music of Bartók, Stravinsky, Schönberg, Webern, Boulez, Stockhausen or Xenakis). Therefore, I attempt to treat the subject by outlining the different models of how the question maybe thought of in musical terms. Specific examples will be provided to each section after the article. Although I consider these examples instructive, they by no means represent

  4. The effect of add-on yogic prana energization technique (YPET) on healing of fresh fractures: a randomized control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oswal, Pragati; Nagarathna, Raghuram; Ebnezar, John; Nagendra, Hongasandra Ramarao

    2011-03-01

    The objective was to study the effect of the add-on yogic prana energization technique (YPET) on healing of fresh fractures. Thirty (30) patients (22 men and 8 women) between 18 and 55 years with simple extra-articular fractures of long and short bones were selected from the outpatient department of Ebnezar Orthopaedic Centre and Parimala Speciality Hospital, Bengaluru. They were randomized into yoga (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups. Compound, complicated, pathologic fractures, old fractures, and those associated with dislocations were excluded. Both groups received the conventional plaster of paris immobilization of the fracture site as the primary treatment. The yoga group, in addition, practiced YPET twice a day (30 minutes/session) for 2 weeks using taped audio instructions after learning under supervision for 1 week. YPET is an advanced yoga relaxation practice that involves breath regulation, chanting, and visualization, which according to yogic science revitalizes the tissues by activating the subtle energies (prana) within the body. Both the groups were assessed on the 1st and 21st day by the Numerical Pain Rating Scale for pain (NRS), tenderness (0-4), swelling (0-4), fracture line density (1-4), and the bridging of cortices (1-4). Two (2) groups were matched on all variables. The Wilcoxon test showed significant improvement in both groups on all variables. Pain reduction (NRS) was better (p = 0.001 Mann-Whitney test) in the YPET group (94.5%) than in the control group (58.6%); Tenderness reduced (p = 0.001) better in the YPET group (94.4 %) than in the control group (69.12%); Swelling reduced by 93% in the YPET group and by 69.4% in controls (between-groups p = 0.093, i.e., nonsignificant); increase in fracture line density was better (p = 0.001) in the YPET group (48%) than in the control group (18.25%). The number of cortices united was significantly better (p = 0.001) in the YPET group (81.4%) than in controls (39.7 %). Add-on yoga-based YPET

  5. El yoco del cielo es cultivado: perspectivas sobre Paullinia yoco en el chamanismo airo-pai (secoya-tucano occidental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Elvira Belaunde

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo asocia la cosmovisón chamánica y onírica de los airo-pai (secoya con su manejo silvicultural del yoco (Paullinia yoco, una liana silvestre rica en cafeína, endémica del refugio del pleistocénico del Napo. Según las nociones etnobotánicas airo-pai,el yoco tiene la propiedad de «dar consejo» a quienes lo consumen. A partir del análisis de un canto chamánico de yajé (Banisteriopsis caapi, mitos e interpretación de sueños, mostramos cómo el manejo de esta especiees concebido según perspectivas contrastantes: para los espíritus celestiales el yoco es una planta cultivada, que crece en las chagras del cielo; para cuacuiyó («el dueño» del yoco, ave dispersora de su semilla, el yoco es su propio cultivo; y para los seres humanos terrestres, la recolección de yoco silvestre es parecida a la cacería (asociada oníricamente con el paujil (Nothocrax urumutum. De esta manera, este estudio ilustra la relevancia de un abordaje perspectivistapara comprender los conocimientos etnobotánicos subyacentesal manejo y extracción de especies silvestres de importancia ritual y práctica. -- This article associates Airo-pai shamanistic vision and interpretation of dreams with their silvicultural management of yoco (Paullinia yoco, a wild vine rich in caffeine, endemic to the pleistocene refuge of Napo. According to Airo-pai ethnobotanic notions, yoco is a plantthat «gives advice» to those who intake it. From the analysis of a shamanic chant of yajé (Banisteriopsis caapi, myths and interpretation of dreams, we show how the management of this species is conceived from contrasting perspectives: for celestial beings, yoco is a domesticated plant that grows in the celestial gardens; for cuacuiyó (yoco’s «Master», a seed-dispersing bird, yoco is its own plantation; and for terrestrial human beings, the collection of wild yoco is like hunting, associated in dreams with the nocturnal curassow (Nothocrax urumutum. This study thus

  6. La découverte de l'amour par Hidi Xinu. Récit caxinaua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available La littérature concernant la cosmologie caxinaua est assez connue, on propose néanmoins un récit jubilatoire qui raconte la découverte de l’amour par le personnage Xidi Xinu. Ce récit évoque le désespoir des Caxinaua qui prenaient le ‘vagin’ pour une méchante plaie. Malgré la connaissance de leur pharmacopée, ils n’arrivaient pas à la guérir. Cependant, un jour, l’un des Caxinaua, Hidi Xinu, a vu un couple de singes copuler et a compris la fonction du vagin : le réceptacle de l’amour, cutati. EL DESCUBRIMIENTO DEL AMOR POR HIDI SHINU. UNA NARRACIÓN CASHINAHUA. Aunque la literatura sobre la cosmología cashinahua es bastante conocida, proponemos aquí una alegre narración que cuenta el descubrimiento del amor por parte del personage Hidi Shinu. Esta narración evoca el desespero de los Cashinahua, quienes tomaban la vagina por una mala herida. A pesar de sus conocimientos farmacológicos, no lograban sanarla. Sin embargo, un día, uno de los Cashinahua vio copular a una pareja de micos y comprendió la función de la vagina: el receptáculo del amor, chutati. THE DISCOVERY OF LOVE BY HIDI SHINU. A CASHINAHUA TALE. The literature of the Cashinahua mythology is quite well known, thus I present an amusing tale about the discovery of love by the character Hidi Xinu. This tale reminds us of the despair of the Cashinahua who thought the vagina to be a very severe flesh wound. Regardless of their knowledge of pharmacopoeia, they could not heal her. However, one day, Hidi Xinu saw a couple of monkeys copulate and only then did he understand the function of the vagina: the chamber of love, chutati.

  7. Kīlauea summit eruption—Lava returns to Halemaʻumaʻu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babb, Janet L.; Wessells, Stephen M.; Neal, Christina A.

    2017-10-06

    In March 2008, a new volcanic vent opened within Halemaʻumaʻu, a crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park on the Island of Hawaiʻi. This new vent is one of two ongoing eruptions on the volcano. The other is on Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone, where vents have been erupting nearly nonstop since 1983. The duration of these simultaneous summit and rift zone eruptions on Kīlauea is unmatched in at least 200 years.Since 2008, Kīlauea’s summit eruption has consisted of continuous degassing, occasional explosive events, and an active, circulating lava lake. Because of ongoing volcanic hazards associated with the summit vent, including the emission of high levels of sulfur dioxide gas and fragments of hot lava and rock explosively hurled onto the crater rim, the area around Halemaʻumaʻu remains closed to the public as of 2017.Through historical photos of past Halemaʻumaʻu eruptions and stunning 4K imagery of the current eruption, this 24-minute program tells the story of Kīlauea Volcano’s summit lava lake—now one of the two largest lava lakes in the world. It begins with a Hawaiian chant that expresses traditional observations of a bubbling lava lake and reflects the connections between science and culture that continue on Kīlauea today.The video briefly recounts the eruptive history of Halemaʻumaʻu and describes the formation and continued growth of the current summit vent and lava lake. It features USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists sharing their insights on the summit eruption—how they monitor the lava lake, how and why the lake level rises and falls, why explosive events occur, the connection between Kīlauea’s ongoing summit and East Rift Zone eruptions, and the impacts of the summit eruption on the Island of Hawaiʻi and beyond. The video is also available at the following U.S. Geological Survey Multimedia Gallery link (video hosted on YouTube): Kīlauea summit eruption—Lava returns to Halemaʻumaʻu

  8. Senprūšu hapax legómena: baltu un slāvu leksika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislaw Franciszek Kolbuszewski

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available LES HAPAX LEGÓMENA DU VIEUX-PRUSSIENRésuméLett. dial, dungans // dunkans (= lett. litt, dūkans ‘bai’ est un couronisme dans le letton (cf. Būga RR III 191, No̠ 16. Puisque dans E les signes graphiques c et t sont souvent confondus, il est possible d’admettre, pour E 465 Cûcan= Cuncan „Brun“, la forme [*tunkan] // [*dungari]. De la même racine = *dņg- (= **dhn̥gu̯- vient probablement slav. *gnĕdъAdj. ‘bai se. en parlant des chevaux’ cf. Kolbuszewski S. F. LP XXIX (en préparation.Les entrées GrA 9/10 et GrG 14 du Petit Dictionnaire de Simon v. Grünau témoignent que les signes graphiques W- et M- étaient parfois confondus avec M- et W-. Sur cette base il est permis de supposer que les entrées E 439 Wilenikis et E 662 Mosuco avaient originairement la forme sui­vante: *„Milenikis“ et *„Wosuco“. Quant au v. -pruss. E 662 wosuco „Weʃele“ = ‘belette’ [(u̯ōsukō (v- ?] c’est certainement „une transposition graphique“ de nord-pol. *lasъka // *łasъ- ka ‘belette’. Le phonème initial /l/- // /l/- du lexeme polonais était probablement réalisé comme [ł] // [u̯], das la phonie v. -pruss. il a été trouvé par l’auteur allemand du E, égal à [u̯]-prothétique et par conséquent, noté par „W-“. Il semble qu il y ait aussi l’influence de la confusion, dans les dialectes polonais avoisinant le dialect v. -pruss. pomézanien, wo- ło- o-. Dans le pomézanien la confusion parallèle (= est-balt. vo- uo- o- initial est attesté et noté par „Wo-“ initial: cf. Wogonis : Wo/a/ltis : Wobalne. – Il semble prouvé que v.-pruss. E 439 milenikis „Czeldenpfert“ = ‘cheval ambleur’ est un emprunt des dialectes du territoire kachoube: cf. kach. milník / ‘entre autres: coq qui ne chante pas au temps juste (= qui se trompe’: pol. mylić się ‘se trom­per’.

  9. Nuevos problemas y oportunidades en el desarrollo industrial de América Latina New problema and opportunities for industrial development in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katz Jorge

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Reconociendo que la economía carece de una teoría adecuada del crecimiento económico, el presente artículo aborda las siguientes preguntas. ¿Cuáles son las diferencias esntre la estructura productiva latinoamericana actual y la de hace quince años? ¿El nuevo modelo de organización social de la produccón genera una productividad de los factores mejor o peor que el modelo sustitutivo? ¿Cuál sera el impacto del cambio en el régimen global de incentivos sobre los distintos países de América Latina? ¿Cuales son los nuevos escenarios de organización industrial y en que forma se están adaptando los agentes a las nuevas reglas del juego? ¿Cuáles son los cambios en la organización del trabajo y en la planeación de las firmas individuales? ¿Esos cambios son neutrales entre factores o están sesgados hacia el ahorro relativo de capital o trabajo? ¿Cuáles son las lecciones de este proceso para los países que abandonaron el régimen socialista?Recognizing that economics lacks and adequate theory of economic growth, this aticle raises the following questions. What are the'differences between the current productive structure of Latin America and that of fifteen years ago? Does the new model of social organization of production generate a better or worse factor productivity than the substitution model? What will be the impact of the change in the global incentives regime on the different countries of Latin America? Whnat are the new scenarios of industrial organization and how are agents adapting to the new rules of the game? What chantes have there beenin the organization of labor and the planning of production inindividual firms? Are these changes neutral between factors or they biased towards the relative saving of work or labor? What are the lessons of this process for those countries which have abandoned the socialist regime?

  10. Language of Science as a Bridge to Native American Educators and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, C. J.; Angrum, A.; Martin, M.; Ali, N.; Kingfisher, J.; Treuer, A.; Grant, G.; Ciotti, J.

    2010-12-01

    In the Western tradition, words and vocabulary encapsulate much of how knowledge enters the public discourse, and is passed from one generation to the next. Much of Native American knowledge is passed along in an oral tradition. Chants and ceremonies contain context and long-baseline data on the environment (geology, climate, and astronomy) that may even surpasses the lifespan of a single individual. For Native American students and researchers, the concept of ‘modern research and science education’ may be wrapped up into the conundrum of assimilation and loss of cultural identification and traditional way of life. That conundrum is also associated with the lack of language and vocabulary with which to discuss 'modern research.' Native Americans emphasize the need to know themselves and their own culture when teaching their students. Many Native American communities recognize that the retention of their language - and need to make the language relevant to the technological age we live in, represents one of their largest and most urgent challenges. One strategy for making science education relevant to Native American learners is identifying appropriate terms that cross the cultural divide. More than just words and vocabulary, the thought processes and word/concept relationships can be quite different in the native cultures. The U.S. Rosetta Project has worked to identify words associated with Western 'STEM' concepts in three Native American communities: Navajo, Hawaiian, and Ojibwe. The U.S. Rosetta Project is NASA’s contribution to the International Rosetta Mission. The Rosetta stone, inspiration for the mission’s name, is expected to provide the keys to the primordial solar system the way the original Rosetta Stone provided a key to ancient language. Steps taken so far include identification and presentation of online astronomy, geology, and physical science vocabulary terms in the native language, identification of teachers and classrooms - often in

  11. Non tamen indignum Borgaei dicere laudes/ Caesaris… (T. Strozzi, Serm. 1, 120-1: L’éloge épique de César Borgia dans l’œuvre d’Ercole Strozzi (Ferrare 1474 ?-1508: Venatio (1498 TPQ- 1505 TAQ, Borgeti canis epicedium, Caesaris Borgiae ducis epicedium..

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béatrice Charlet-Mesdjian

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Résumé: La poésie hexamétrique d’E. Strozzi, poète néolatin fort prisé pour sa maîtrise de la versification et son innutrition achevée des sources latines, offre deux apologies de César Borgia. L’une, brève (d’une soixantaine de vers, incluse dans un epyllion cynégétique de plus de 900 vers, campe le Valentinois de son vivant en chasseur et conquérant magnanime. L’autre prend la forme d’un long épicède (492 v.. Certes E. Strozzi applique dans ce poème funèbre épidictique les conventions du genre (lamentations, éloge du défunt, exhortation et consolation à la dédicataire, Lucrèce Borgia, duchesse de Ferrare, toutefois le choix de l’hexamètre et le recours systématique aux procédés et aux sources épiques servent à masquer les zones d’ombre du personnage contesté de César Borgia et détourne le chant funèbre en prophétie consolatoire à l’adresse de la dédicataire.   Mots clés: César Borgia, éloge, épopée, guerres d’Italie, humanisme Abstract: The hexametric poetry of E. Strozzi, admired Neo-latin poet for his mastery of versification and his perfect Latin innutritio contains two C. Borgia’s praises. The first one, rather short (about sixty lines only and included in a cynegetical epyllion (more than 900 lines, depicts the ‘Valentinois’ still alive as a hunter and a magnanimous conqueror ; the other one takes the form of a long epicedion (492 lines. Of course E. Strozzi applies in this funeral epideictic poem the generic conventions (the lamentations, the praise of the deceased, the exhortation and the consolation to the dedicatee, Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara. However, the metrical choice of hexameter and the systematic use of epical sources and proceedings erase the obscure sides of the controversial Caesar Borgia and transform the funeral lamentation into a consolatory prediction at the address of the dedicatee. Keywords: Caesar Borgia, praise, epic, wars of Italy, humanism

  12. À l’écoute des adaptations de Madame Bovary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Donaldson-Evans

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Madame Bovary est un roman bruyant. Depuis le rire des écoliers jusqu’au chant de l’aveugle, Flaubert ne cesse de faire appel à l’ouïe. Que ce soit le son des cloches, le ronflement continu du tour de Binet ou le meuglement des vaches (pour ne mentionner que quelques-uns des nombreux bruits évoqués, la musique de la vie quotidienne en province fait partie intégrante de la narration. Rien de plus facile au cinéaste que de reproduire à l’écran ce mimétisme sonore du texte réaliste. Pourtant, une analyse de la bande-son de diverses adaptations révèle une interprétation souvent originale du texte.  Les ressources de la sonothèque ainsi que l’exploitation de diverses techniques relatives à la piste sonore (voix-off, musique diégétique et extra-diégétique, etc. permettent aux cinéastes de mettre leur propre griffe à leurs adaptations.Madame Bovary is a noisy novel. From the laughter of the school children to the blind man’s song, Flaubert constantly appeals to the sense of hearing. Whether it be the ringing of church bells, the continuous humming of Binet’s lathe or the lowing of cattle (to mention only a few of the numerous sounds evoked in the novel, the music of daily life in the provinces is an integral part of the narration.  Theoretically, there is nothing easier for the filmmaker than to reproduce on the screen this sonorous mimicry of the realist text. However, an analysis of the soundtrack of various adaptations reveals an often original interpretation of the text. The resources of the sound effects library as well as the exploitation of certain techniques associated with the soundtrack (voiceover, diegetic and extra-diegetic music, etc. allow filmmakers to put their own stamp on their adaptations.

  13. Les paradoxes de l’amour au Moyen Âge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crina-Magdalena Zărnescu

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Notre étude est centrée sur l’amour courtois en tant que moment essentiel dans l’histoire de l’affectivité médiévale, l’un des axes principaux de la culture et de la civilisation française. Elle se donne pour objectif d’examiner, à travers les théories de la critique moderne, l’amour courtois au XIIe siècle, tel qu’il a été chanté par les troubadours et les trouvères, et ses implications. L’amour courtois peut être considéré sous un double aspect en tant que phénomène culturel et mouvement littéraire qui véhicule une certaine idéologie et un code de valeurs et qui fait transparaître le mode de vie et de pensée d’une époque. Il a donné naissance à de différentes approches qui ont essayé de le cerner, de le décrire, et de l’analyser. Les aspects complémentaires, parfois contradictoires de ces approches relèvent à la fois des visions différentes des critiques et, surtout, de la nature ambiguë ou paradoxale de cet amour. Nous nous sommes, enfin, proposé de cerner les divergences qui définissent ce type d’amour et qui sont issues des contradictions qui existaient dans la société médiévale, entre les classes sociales ou entre les clercs et les laïques, à l’intérieur même des préceptes religieux et les concepts philosophiques. Les aspects contradictoires et ambigus tiennent autant aux structures poétiques qu’au langage, mélange savant de vocabulaire spirituel et sexuel. La fin’amors, qui a constitué à un moment donné l’expression symbolique et l’aspiration spirituelle d’une société en pleine construction a laissé des traces profondes, encore persistantes dans la culture et la littérature occidentales. Il n’y a pas de discours littéraire ou artistique qui n’en eût exploité d’une façon ou d’une autre les structures thématiques ou symboliques.

  14. The Early Planetary Research of Tobias C. Owen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruikshank, Dale P.

    2017-10-01

    Tobias Chant Owen (Toby) was a graduate student of G. P. Kuiper, receiving his Ph.D. in the Dept. of Astronomy, University of Arizona, in 1965. His thesis was broadly titled "Studies of Planetary Spectra in the Photographic Infrared", and primarily presented a study of the composition and other properties of Jupiter, as well as the abundance and surface pressure of CO2 on Mars. The surface pressure on Mars was a topic of debate at that time, with a wide range of diverse observational results from several investigators. The Jupiter work in particular consisted of the analysis of Kuiper's unpublished spectra that were made with photographic plates pushed to the longest wavelength possible, about 1120 nm, with ammonia-hypersensitized Kodak Z emulsions. Toby used the long-pathlength absorption cells at the Lunar and Planetary Lab to study the spectra of CH4 and NH3 at pressures and temperatures relevant to Jupiter (and Saturn), as well as to search for spectral signatures of potential minor components of their atmospheres. Toby also obtained new spectra of Io, Ganymede, and Saturn and its rings, extended to the long-wavelength limit of photographic emulsions. No new molecular absorptions were found, although Owen basically confirmed Kuiper's earlier result that Saturn's rings are covered (or composed of) with H2O ice or frost. As he pursued a broad range of problems of planetary atmospheres, Toby used existing and newly acquired spectra of the planets in the photographic and near-infrared wavelength regions, together with data he obtained in the laboratory with long-pathlength absorption cells, to resolve some outstanding issues of unidentified spectral features and to clarify issues of the compositions, temperatures, and atmospheric pressures of several bodies. This work laid the foundation for his later decades of studies of planetary atmospheres and comets with spacecraft as an active participant in many US and European missions. He was very influential in shaping

  15. Le Bruit de l'amer: Time, Loss and Fossilized Romanticism in Madame Bovary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Bouvier

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Des études récentes ont mis en lumière le « désordre temporel » d’Emma Bovary, son étrange inaptitude à produire un événement dans sa vie ou à intégrer le temps dans son expérience. Une scène clé à cet égard est celle où, curieusement, Emma échoue à pleurer la mort de sa mère alors même qu’elle met en place tout un rituel romantique du chagrin qui n’aboutit qu’à l’indifférence et à l’ennui. Élaborée à partir d’un schéma psychanalytique assez vaste qui englobe les dernières recherches sur le traumatisme et l’addiction, cette étude montre que cette scène est symptomatique d’une incapacité plus large à assimiler la perte, qui se manifeste à travers les problèmes d’ennui et d’addiction, ainsi que par l’incapacité générale d’Emma à s’orienter par rapport au passé. Les implications linguistiques de ce problème sont particulièrement importantes : un tel trouble temporel lié à un défaut de deuil peut en effet être lu précisément à travers les perturbations du langage qui en résultent. Dans la figure étrange et indéchiffrable de la mère Rollet, par exemple, on peut discerner l’aventure cryptique du langage qui se produit à partir du problème de la perte mal assimilée, la conspiration de mots qui conduit Emma au suicide par la mise en place de retours équivoques du signifiant. En dernier ressort, si l’échec d’Emma à faire le deuil de sa mère est révélateur d’une certaine inaptitude à faire le deuil du temps lui-même, cette scène initiale marque aussi l’incapacité ou le refus d’Emma de faire son deuil d’une esthétique morte. Quand Emma satisfait son goût pour l’imagerie romantique en écoutant « tous les chants de cygnes mourants », ce qu’elle n’entend pas est précisément le caractère stéréotypé et dégradé d’une telle imagerie, l’équivoque romantique se manifestant à travers un champ de signes mourants.Recent studies

  16. Kahua A'o—A Learning Foundation: Using Hawaiian Language Newspaper Articles for Earth Science Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinn, P. W.

    2012-12-01

    Kahua A'o, an NSF OEDG project, utilizes Hawaiian language newspaper articles written between 1843 and 1948 as a foundation for culturally responsive geoscience curriculum and professional development. In Hawaii, a lack of qualified teachers limits students' awareness of Earth Science in their lives, as careers and a way to understand past, present, and future. This particularly impacts Native Hawaiians, 28% of students in Hawaii''s public schools but underrepresented in STEM majors and careers. Guided by sociocultural theories that view learning as experiential and culturally situated, geoscientists, Hawaiian translators, and science educators utilize articles to develop meteorology and geology modules for middle school teachers. Articles provide insights about living sustainably on islands exposed to volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunami, drought, and storms. Hawaii's remoteness and diverse topography supported the development of mountain-to-sea, sustainable, social ecosystems called ahupuaa. Hawaiians recognized each ahupuaa's unique winds, rains, fauna, flora, cultivars, and geologic features. The story of Pele chanting the winds of Kauai to prove she was not a stranger grounds identity and status in environmental knowledge. The story is culturally congruent with science explanations of how the Hawaiian Islands' diverse shapes and topography interact with heating, cooling, and large scale wind systems to create hundreds of local winds and rains. This presentation reports on "Local Winds and Rains of Hawaii, I Kamaāina i Na Makani a Me Nā Ua and "Weather Maps and Hazardous Storms in Hawaii, Nā 'Ino Ma Hawaii Nei." Highly detailed observations of an 1871 severe wind event enable students to estimate winds speeds using the Beaufort Scale, determine the storm's path and decide if it was the first recorded hurricane on the island of Hawaii. A visit to NOAA's National Weather Service triggered discussions about Hawaiian language weather reports. A Hawaiian

  17. El Oficio de la Traslación del apóstol Santiago en la Baja Edad Media: a propósito de un fragmento de antifonario hallado en la Catedral de Segovia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz Torres, Santiago

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The research made with regard to the music composed for the cult of the Apostle James is generally based on the Codex Calixtinus. Although the Codex is an outstanding source, it has little connection with the varied and widespread Jacobean lyrical expressions in the Iberian Peninsula throughout in the late Middle Ages. The discovery of this thirteenth-century antiphonary fragment from the Office of the Translation of St James in the cathedral of Segovia, will provide a glimpse, for the first time, of a part of the musical corpus compiled for the feast of St. James in the Middle Ages. The analysis presented here explores the applicability of modal, melodic and textual structures and their relationships with other repertoires, such as Gregorian chant or the works from the Calixtinus codex. At the same time, this study will examine the motives that promoted the creation of this celebration and its diffusion in the Iberian world. Moreover, it is hoped that this multi-faceted approach will attempt to date the origin of this religious service in the form that appears in the Segovia fragment, and also will detail the reasons of its reform after the Council of Trent. In conclusion, it will be compared to both the antiphonal and the responsorial series of this office, from different Spanish liturgical sources, with the aim of understanding the degree of uniformity in the transmission of its texts.

    Las investigaciones realizadas en torno a la música compuesta para el culto del apóstol Santiago suelen ceñirse por lo general al Codex Calixtinus. Aunque constituye un documento verdaderamente excepcional, muestra poca relación con las diversas expresiones líricas jacobeas difundidas por la Península Ibérica a lo largo de la Baja Edad Media. El hallazgo en la Catedral de Segovia de un fragmento de antifonario fechado a finales del siglo XIII con parte del Oficio de la Traslación, posibilitará conocer por vez primera parte del corpus musical

  18. Yane Sandanski as a political leader in Macedonia in the era of the Young Turks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Hacısalihoğlu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Yane Sandanski a été de son vivant un héros dans la population macédonienne, et après sa mort, une légende dans toute la région et le sujet de nombreux chants populaires dans la région. Cependant, son image est aujourd’hui très controversée dans les historiographies des États balkaniques. Révolutionnaire, politicien et hommes d’affaires, il a été tué par les nationalistes bulgares en 1915. Il est difficile maintenant de formuler un jugement définitif sur son rôle et ses buts politiques. A-t-il trahi les intérêts nationaux bulgares en Macédoine ? Sans aucun doute ! Mais son alliance avec le CUP a protégé sa région de toute oppression de ce côté. Il était assurément pour une autonomie de la Macédoine, mais cela ne signifie pas qu’il considérait les chrétiens slaves de la région comme une nation distincte, une « nation macédonienne ».Yane Sandanski has been a hero among the Macedonian population in his lifetime, and after his death a legend in the region and the subject of many folksongs in the region. However his image is today very controversial in national historiographies in the Balkan states. Revolutionary, politician and businessman in the end, he was killed by the Bulgarian nationalists in 1915. Now it is difficult to give an absolute evaluation of his role and his political aims. Was he a betrayer of the national Bulgarian interests in Macedonia? definitely yes! But his alliance with the CUP protected his region from any oppression from this part. He was sure for an autonomy of Macedonia, but this does not mean that he regarded the Slavic Christians in Macedonia as a separate nation, namely a “Macedonian nation”.Yane Sandanski henüz hayattayken Makedonya halkı arasında kahraman olmuş Makedonyalı bir ihtilalci idi ve ölümünden sonra bölgede bir çok halk türküsüne konu olan bir efsane haline geldi. Bununla birlikte Sandanski günümüzde Balkan ülkelerinin tarih yazımlarında

  19. La granitula de la Santa du Niolu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davia Benedetti

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – IT   Quale modalità sociale fonda la pratica di una danza rituale pre-cristiana, la granitula, in occasione della festa annuale della Santa nel Niolo, in Corsica? Questa danza vi perdura nel quadro di un pellegrinaggio istituito sulla base di un racconto leggendario, in commemorazione della natività della Vergine. Essa è associata a una cerimonia religiosa e a una fiera. Consiste in una marcia a spirale a doppio senso, scandita da canti e condotta dai membri delle confraternite. La granitula ha rilievo nel campo etno-scenologico con la trasposizione corporea di immagini del labirinto, dell'origine e del sé. Simboleggia il corpo sociale corso e il suo senso d'appartenenza regionale e paesana. Coloro che la eseguono entrano in coesione con la comunità corsa. Fanno corpo con essa per proiettare nel vivere comune della società la loro assicurazione di uscita da ogni labirinto grazie a una prassi solidare, al rinserrare dei legami comunitari e a un adattamento identitario ai cambiamenti. Abstract – FR Quelle sociabilité fonde la pratique d’une danse rituelle antechrétienne, la granitula, lors de la fête annuelle de la Santa dans le Niolu, en Corse? Cette danse y perdure dans le cadre d’un pèlerinage établi sur un récit légendaire, en commémoration de la nativité de la Vierge. Elle est associée à une cérémonie religieuse catholique et à une foire. Elle consiste en une marche spiralée à double sens, scandée par des chants et exécutée par les membres des confréries. La granitula relève du champ de l’ethnoscénologie avec une mise en corps des figures du labyrinthe, de l’origine et du même. Elle symbolise le corps social corse et ses sentiments d’appartenance régionale et villageoise. Ses exécutants entrent en cohésion avec la communauté corse. Ils font corps avec elle pour projeter dans le vivre ensemble sociétal leur assurance de la sortie de tout labyrinthe par une pratique des solidarit

  20. Rovesciamento e alterazione nei racconti Uranio, Vanadio e in Auschwitz, Città Tranquilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fausto Maria Greco

    2016-11-01

    other aspects of Levi’s writing: as in the case of Elie Wiesel in the novel Barbara, published in the collection Le chant des morts (1966, in Uranio Levi distances himself from the use of memory that distorts its contents and crosses the borders of truth in order to describe survivors as heroes. In Levi’s works, such overturned doubles as Bonino reveal menacing risks and disturbing events. Conversely, the processes of alteration and distortion which can be inscribed to the character of Cerrato, in the short story Argento, better conform to the writer’s struggle for knowledge of the universe of extermination camps. Beside Bonino and Cerrato, the same comparison can be established between Doktor Müller of Vanadio and the chemical engineer Mertens of Auschwitz, città tranquilla (published in 1984 and included in the collection Racconti e saggi. These characters are based on people Levi really met or dealt with. By analyzing Vanadio and Auschwitz, città tranquilla, the study aims to show how, as for Mertens, overturning reveals a provocative hypothesis, while alteration contributes to ethical knowledge in the case of Müller. PAROLE CHIAVEPrimo Levi; Elie Wiesel; rovesciamento; alterazione; narratore (attendibile/inattendibile; narrazione; testimonianza; doppio; lager; memoria.

  1. Kahua A';o--A Learning Foundation: Using Hawaiian Language Newspaper Articles for Science and Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinn, P. W.; Businger, S.

    2013-12-01

    Kahua A';o, an NSF OEDG project, utilizes Hawaiian language newspaper articles written between 1843 and 1948 in lessons and professional development intended to increase participation of underrepresented Native Hawaiian students in earth science. Guided by sociocultural theories that view learning as experiential and culturally situated, geoscientists (Steven Businger, Scott Rowland, Floyd McCoy, UG student Kelly Lance); Hawaiian translators (M. Puakea Nogelmeier, GRAs Kapomaikai Stone and Iasona Ellinwood); science educators (Pauline Chinn, graduate student Lindsey Spencer), utilize articles to develop place-based meteorology and geology curricula for middle school teachers. Articles are valuable to science and science education: Native Hawaiians are citizen scientists who recorded, interpreted, and communicated findings to potentially critical audiences, while dated, descriptive, eye witness reports provide data on events unrecorded by westerners. Articles reveal Hawaiian intellectual tradition placed great value on environmental knowledge. Moolelo (traditional stories) e.g., Kuapākaa (Nakuina, 1905), translated as The Wind Gourd of Laamaomao, tells of Kuapākaa controlling all the winds of Hawai';i by chanting their names--a metaphor for the power of knowledge of winds, rains and their patterns. In the moolelo of Kalapana, a boy hero challenges and defeats the king of Kauai to a life-and-death riddling contest (Nakuina, 1902). Maly's (2001) translation of a riddle involving 22 zones spanning mountaintop to deep-sea underscores the knowledge base informing sustainable practices. Articles provide insight into indigenous maps (Nogelmeier, personal communication) while riddling contests (Beckwith, 1940/1970) establish demonstrations of knowledge as central to power, identity, and status. Eight field-based lessons have been presented to formal and informal science educators, with teachers adapting lessons for 3rd-12th grade students. Graduate students Spencer, Stone

  2. Des monastères aux funérailles. La construction d’une relation ethnographique avec des chrétiennes de Damas (Syrie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Poujeau

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Des monastères aux funérailles. La construction d’une relation ethnographique avec des chrétiennes de Damas (Syrie. En juillet 2004, j’ai assisté aux funérailles d’un jeune homme de la famille au sein de laquelle je vivais à Damas. À l’époque, l’intense émotion suscitée par cet événement empêcha que je m’y intéresse de plus près. Ce n’est que deux ans plus tard, en juillet 2006, que j’ai décidé d’enquêter sur l’un des aspects majeurs de la cérémonie : les lamentations funèbres féminines. Lors de ce dernier terrain, les femmes de la famille que j’interrogeais, que j’accompagnais aux funérailles et dont j’enregistrais les chants m’assignèrent alors une place tout à fait particulière. Puisque, moi aussi, « je m’habillais en noir et je venais aux funérailles », je ne pouvais plus être considérée comme une étrangère. Dès lors, elles firent de moi la fille d’une de leur sœur émigrée à Paris et mariée avec un Français. Ce statut me fut par ailleurs confirmé lorsqu’elles m’attribuèrent une place dans leurs plaisanteries entre sœurs, tantes et neveux matrilatéraux.Dans cet article, je souhaite engager une double réflexion : sur la position et l’implication de l’ethnologue sur un terrain où l’émotion est au premier plan, ainsi que sur la façon dont être assignée à une place dans la parenté de ses informateurs donne enfin toute liberté d’action à l’ethnologue sur son terrain.From monasteries to funerals. The construction of ethnographical relations with the Christians of Damascus (Syria. In July 2004, I attended the funeral of a young man from the family with whom I was staying in Damascus. At the time, the intense emotion provoked by that event prevented me from immediately examining it more closely. It was only two years later, in July 2006, that I decided to study one of the main features of the ceremony: the women’s lamentations. During this

  3. Naeruse lause huligaansest tõetruudusest, Jüri Üdi näitel / On Laughter, Truthfulness, and Hooliganism as Unfolded in the Writings of Jüri Üdi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liisi Rünkla

    2013-12-01

    ecosophies of non-linguistic, pre-iconographic life, of singularities, of impersonal individuations, of undecidabilities. Keeping the writings of Jüri Üdi in mind, this study sketches the outlines of an ecosophy on which poetry is incessantly in the process of commenting, while never actually intervening as an object of research. Rather, poetry inspires as knowledge of how it feels to live and to understand. Writing as an actor’s work requires participation of a kind that seems to be precisely explicated in an early designation of the role of Jüri Üdi as the chant of a realist angel (“realistliku ingli laul”, 1968. Thus, this study is merely an adventure seeking to understand that particular designation, drawing support from some inspiring patterns of inventing concepts between philosophy and life.

  4. The theorist Guillermus de Podio: foundations for the construction of a biography.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villanueva Serrano, Francesc

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Two works of music theory from the endings of the 15th Century with the name of author Guillermus de Podio are preserved: the printed Ars musicorum (València, Hagenbach and Hutz, 1495 and the manuscript Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. Despite the great influence that this musician exerted on Spanish theorists of the 16th Century, there are only few commonly accepted data about his biography. This article pretends to offer solid foundations to build his biography. In first place, verified from speculated data in the historiography of the musician will be distinguished. Finally, new documents will clarify his identity and will reveal his work as master of chant in the catedral of Valencia.Bajo el nombre de autor de Guillermus de Podio se conservan dos obras de teoría musical de finales del siglo XV: la impresa Ars musicorum (Valencia, Hagenbach y Hutz, 1495 y el manuscrito Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. A pesar de la gran influencia que este músico ejerció sobre los teóricos españoles del siglo XVI, son mínimos los datos biográficos generalmente aceptados por la comunidad investigadora. El presente artículo pretende ofrecer unos cimientos sólidos sobre los cuales poder construir su biografía. Con esta finalidad, se distinguen primeramente los datos contrastados de los que forman parte de la especulación en la historiografía del músico. Finalmente se aportan nuevos documentos que resuelven las dudas sobre su identidad y desvelan su magisterio en la catedral de Valencia. [ct] Sota el nom d’autor de Guillermus de Podio es conserven dues obres de teoria musical de finals del segle XV: l’impresa Ars musicorum (València, Hagenbach i Hutz, 1495 i el manuscrit Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. Malgrat la gran influència que aquest músic va exercir sobre els teòrics espanyols del segle XVI

  5. Palaeotsunamis and their significance for prehistoric coastal communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goff, J. R.

    2011-12-01

    The damage caused by large tsunamis to human populations at the coast has been all too evident over the past few years. However, while we have seen the immediate after-effects of such events, we are less familiar with the longer term changes associated with them. Using prehistoric New Zealand as a case study, the talk first addresses the wider geological context associated with a tsunami - what caused it and what were the consequences for the physical environment? Prehistoric Maori lived predominantly in coastal settlements, particularly during their early settlement period. They had far ranging canoe trade routes and made widespread use of intertidal and coastal resources. As such it is possible to determine much of the ecological and societal ramifications of a 15th century tsunami inundation. The 15th century tsunami is recorded in numerous purakau or oral recordings. These form part of Maori Traditional Environmental Knowledge (TEK), but the event can also be identified through archaeological, geological and palaeo-ecological indicators. One of several purakau from the 15th century refers to the "Coming of the Sand". This centres on a place called Potiki-taua, where Potiki and his group settled. Mango-huruhuru, the old priest, built a large house on low land near the sea while Potiki-roa and his wife put theirs on higher ground further inland. Mango-huruhuru's house had a rocky beach in front of it that was unsuitable for landing canoes and so he decided to use his powers to bring sand from Hawaiki. After sunset he sat on his roof and recited a karakia (prayer/chant). On conclusion a dark cloud with its burden of sand reached the shore. The women called out "A! The sea rises; the waves and the sand will overwhelm us". The people fell where they stood and were buried in the sand along with the house and cultivations and all the surrounding country, and with them, the old priest and his youngest daughter (memorialised and turned into a rock which stands there

  6. Oralité et échec programmé du manifeste-pétition Not In Our Name (NION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone RINZLER

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article étudie la production d’une chanson manifestaire pré-pétition NION The Pledge of Resistance chantée lors de manifestations et de rassemblements-spectacles organisés par le groupe NION (Not In Our Name qui s’est constitué au printemps 2002 en défaveur d’une invasion et d’une guerre future en Irak. Cet article contribue à l’étude du genre non-fictionnel du manifeste politique en analysant l’oralité du genre manifestaire et en montrant sa relative inanité en tant que manifeste de plein droit. La voix qui s’exprime dans la chanson et dans la pétition ne croit guère à la force du langage. Elle contribue à l’érosion de la pragmatique politique du manifeste en tant que genre consacré à un appel à l’action par le biais d’un acte de langage conatif. Sachant que la guerre est imminente et inévitable, la seule action à laquelle sont conviés les Récepteurs-Lecteurs consiste uniquement à apposer leur signature au bas de la pétition-manifeste The Statement of Conscience. La visée pragmatique des signataires se borne à déclarer publiquement leur dissensus dans l’espace politique en refusant d’être considérés comme solidaires du consentement à une guerre injuste menée en leur nom. La chanson-manifeste The Pledge of Resistance manifeste le refus d’être considéré comme « Auteur » de la future guerre. Les signataires refusent que la guerre soit prise en charge au nom de l’intégralité des citoyens des États-Nations alors que se préparait l’opération « War on Terror » en Irak.Thispaper examines the production of a pre-petition-manifesto NIONThe Pledge of Resistance, sung in demonstrations and shows organised by NION (Not In Our Name, a group fighting the hypothesis of a future war in Iraq in Spring 2002. It contributes to the study of the non-fictional genre of the political manifesto by analysing the orality of the genre and by stating its low value as a common and garden

  7. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2011-06-01

    (reviewed by Anthony R. Stevens-Acevedo Chanting Down the New Jerusalem: Calypso, Christianity, and Capitalism in the Caribbean, by Francio Guadeloupe (reviewed by Catherine Benoît Once Jews: Stories of Caribbean Sephardim, by Josette Capriles Goldish (reviewed by Aviva Ben-Ur Black and White Sands: A Bohemian Life in the Colonial Caribbean, by Elma Napier (reviewed by Peter Hulme West Indian Slavery and British Abolition, 1783-1807, by David Beck Ryden (reviewed by Justin Roberts The Children of Africa in the Colonies: Free People of Color in Barbados in the Age of Emancipation, by Melanie J. Newton (reviewed by Olwyn M. Blouet Friends and Enemies: The Scribal Politics of Post/Colonial Literature, by Chris Bongie (reviewed by Jacqueline Couti Nationalism and the Formation of Caribbean Literature, by Leah Reade Rosenberg (reviewed by Bénédicte Ledent Signs of Dissent: Maryse Condé and Postcolonial Criticism, by Dawn Fulton (reviewed by Florence Ramond Jurney The Archaeology of the Caribbean, by Samuel M. Wilson (reviewed by Frederick H. Smith Crossing the Borders: New Methods and Techniques in the Study of Archaeological Materials from the Caribbean, edited by Corinne L. Hofman, Menno L.P. Hoogland & Annelou L. van Gijn (reviewed by Mark Kostro

  8. The light of the word in Ljubica Marić's music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makević Zorica

    2009-01-01

    the Serbian Octoechos in the cycle Musica Octoicha (1958-1963. Thus, Ljubica Marić's music has entered its 'New Testament' time and become a specific story of the Logos and His presence in the world and history. In the opaque and dramatic course of that related musical time, the melodics of chanting is experienced as the manifestation of the light, meaning, reason freedom, awe. These graceful effects bring into the work a certain beyond-time dynamics - inverse perspective of time - and, like a Byzantine church dome, they bear witness to the divine condescension. Ljubica Marić's music is steeped in the mystery of the beginning and the end, which meet in eternity, in the One who is Alpha and Omega; in its one tone and in its entire course, it grasps the whole of time and existence - through the divine Word itself by which it has also been made.

  9. Une éducation sentimentale ou le roman d’amour de Salammbô

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geneviève Mondon

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available La transcription et l’étude des manuscrits préparatoires de Salammbô a permis de retracer la genèse du personnage féminin, en mettant en valeur son aventure personnelle. Les passages inédits, les marges et écritures interlinéaires apportent des éléments précieux pour construire le roman d’amour de l’héroïne, et lui donner une tonalité plus érotique, avant que Flaubert ne supprime, transforme ou masque habilement ces traces éphémères. Afin que les lignes soient plus nettes, ma recherche privilégie le point de vue de Salammbô, pour autant qu’on puisse connaître cette figure énigmatique. En laissant de côté, volontairement, les problèmes primordiaux du roman, la guerre historique de Carthage, la lutte mythique entre Tanit et Moloch, la grande Histoire et la mythologie, les batailles et les massacres, la lumière se concentre sur l’aventure sentimentale, absolument nécessaire dans un roman historique, l’auteur le sait. L’évocation du milieu social de la fille du suffète Hamilcar, l’analyse de son psychisme, de ses désirs, de ses rêves et de ses croyances apportent un éclairage sur sa vie de femme. L’examen d’un inédit comme les pages consacrées à la danseuse montre la volonté du romancier de créer un personnage séduisant et actif. Devant les guerriers a lieu l’« épiphanie », caractéristique des héros : le chant lyrique et la danse ésotérique en sont les signes manifestes. Après la rencontre, Salammbô et Mâtho, en proie au désir amoureux, se cherchent, se fuient et rêvent l’un de l’autre. Un inédit rapporte le songe de la jeune femme. Des expériences qui allient plaisir et souffrances, l’union mystique avec le serpent, la « baisade » contribuent à son éducation sentimentale mais la déception finale, l’échec du désir, est la vraie révélation.The transcription and study of Salammbô’s preparatory manuscripts enable us to retrace the genesis of the feminine

  10. Fenâyî Ehl-i Cennet Efendi, “Teceliyyât” Adlı Arapça Eseri ve Tecelliyyât’a Hasan Rızâyî El-Aksarâyî Tarafından Yapılan Manzûm-Mensûr Türkçe Tercüme/Şerh Üzerine Decent Fellow Fenâyî Ehl-i Cennet, “Teceliyyât” Named Arabic Literary Work And Verse-Article Turkish Translation-On Commentary Was Done By Hasan Rızâyî El-Aksarâyî To “Teceliyyât”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenan ERDOĞAN

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Fenâyî who is called Decent Fellow Cennet Mehmed, DecentFellow Ehl-i Cennet, Decent Fellow Fenâyî Ehl-i Cennet and DecentFellow Fenâyî Mehmed is one of Anatolia caliphs of Dear MahmudHüdâyî and is one of the most stentorian voice faces on the way ofHüdâyî in Celvetî religios order. His dîvân which is inspired by YunusEmre and Hüdâyî consigned to writing and it is mostly formed withchant verse, exhortations which is mostly scientific and again he is oneof the people which worth to cite in mystic poets with Tecelliyyât whichis a result of opinion is the custom of Tecelliyyât consign to writingbegins with Hüdâyî. In his term Decent Fellow Ehl-i Cennet who is theone of the most effective names after Hüdâyî in Celvetî school. It isunderstood that Hüdâyî knows Arabic and Persian well. It is specifiedthat Arabic Tecelliyyât which was written by some researches with hisfollower and despatched to him is about interior attitudes of DecentFellow Fenâyî, dreams and inspirations. It is thought that the aim of thesharing some psychological experiences with his followers or the aim ofthis sharing despatch to him is that it motivates Celvetî mystics andwith rapturing elate them, join them the way of Celvetî which they livedin pyschological tension and above all, join Islam. A religius orderspiritual guide make allowence for extraordinary things which lived, apraise by experts in their field, in other words it is qualified an indicatorof praise to chant benefaction and it is specified that it isnt seen like aconcession from to be given modesty. Again this literary work wastranslated by Rızâyî-i Aksarâyî who is Celvetî . “Cennet Mehmed Efendi”, “Ehl-i Cennet Efendi”, “Fenâyî Ehl-i Cennet Efendi” ve “Fenâyî Mehmed Efendi” gibi isimlerle anılan Fenâyî; Aziz Mahmud Hüdâyî’nin Anadolu halifelerinden olup Celvetî tarikatının Hüdâyî yolunda giden en gür sesli simalarından birisidir. H

  11. Osservazioni in margine sulla musica per l’immacolato concepimento della Vergine, al tempo di Sisto IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilla Cavicchi

    2012-05-01

    , legata alla devozione dell’immagine dell’Immacolata. Le immagini furono, in effetti, uno strumento di particolare importanza nella strategia del pontefice. In esse la musica entrò dapprima con l’evocazione delle antifone e della preghiera, citate nei cartigli e nei bordi dei dipinti, poi attraverso la figura di re David (rappresentante della stirpe di Maria, nelle danze di angeli e, infine, con l’adozione di alcuni elementi iconografici propri dell’Assunzione. A partire dal primo quarto del Cinquecento l’iconografia dell’Immacolata s’arricchì dell’immagine degli angeli musicanti, evocazione certamente dell’armonia celeste, ma anche testimoni della pratica musicale legata alla devozione dell’Immacolato concepimento della Vergine.The introduction of the celebration of the Immaculate Conception prompted a series of innovations in liturgical music that changed the foundations of music and developed the figurative theme of the Virgin Mary.One of the first official actions of Pope Sixtus IV was to commission a new Office from Leonardo Nogarolo (1477, the Officium Immaculatae Virginis Mariae, and later the Officium Conceptionis Virginis Mariae by Bernardino Busti (1492, which both reached us without notation. Music for the Proper of the mass and for the Office by L. Nogarolo and the Introit of the mass Egredimini et videte filie Sion was composed and published, separately, in two collections by Francesco de Brugis: Antiphonarium and Graduale secundum morem sancte Romanae ecclesie (Venice, Lucantonio Giunta, 1503 and 1500. During the papacy of Sixtus IV, chants were undoubtedly inspired by the Office by L. Nogarolo, but it is also possible that several musical traditions coexisted during the first years after the establishment of the celebration. Records confirm that Sixtus IV used to celebrate this occasion in St. Peter’s Basilica, reciting the Office followed by the mass in the morning and, in the afternoon, leading a procession to the church of

  12. I concetti di "materia", "forma" e "ordine" nel pensiero teorico musicale medievale e contemporaneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Panti

    2011-01-01

    , implicando il loro tornare a imporsi sugli elementi primari della fisica del suono, non solo l’altezza, ma soprattutto il timbro, il volume e la durata. Già Schönberg, nel 1911, affermava come “l’ordine che chiamiamo forma artistica” è “un necessario espediente” elaborato “a causa della nostra incapacità a comprendere l’indistinto e il non-ordinato”, che è la condizione propria della materia sonora.   In its historical development, the Western theory of music has inevitably made use of specific concepts to define how the sound is musically organized or organizable. Among these notions, those of matter, form and order signify – in spite of the different linguistic areas and the various historical and philosophical backgrounds – that from which music is made, that to which it tends and how such tendency is realized. This paper aims to evaluate the philosophical implications and the use of these three concepts in the musical theories of the high Middle Ages and of the twentieth century, since, in spite of their chronological distance, they present significant similarities. A long process of theoretical and practical adjustments of the melodic structures of liturgical chants to the scale-systems of the Greek and Boethian theory contributed to developing what would become a familiar notion throughout the Middle Ages: that musical intervals (and, later on, the musical rhythms can be expressed in mathematical terms. According to this view, the words forma and ordo signify the mathematical measures that are applied to the “matter” of sound, which is considered as inorganic and indefinite in itself. This conception gradually disappears when the tonal system begins to emerge, since this new modality of composition implies that the physical sound is “pre-formed” and “pre-ordered” within the musical scale, according to the “natural” links of the harmonics. Consequently, the concepts of “form” and “order” do not refer any more to the

  13. Le palais d’Aiétès et son jardin chez Apollonios de Rhodes (Arg., III, v. 194-252. Un exemple de paysage-palimpseste antique ? The Palace of Aeetes and its Garden in Apollonius of Rhodes (Arg., III, lines 194-252. An example of ancient landscape as palimpsest? Il palazzo di Eeta e il suo giardino in Apollonio Rodio (Arg., III, 194-252. Un esempio di paesaggio-palinsesto antico?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laury-Nuria André

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Lorsque le lecteur découvre au chant III des Argonautiques d’Apollonios de Rhodes l’espace du « paysage urbain » colque, au fur et à mesure de la progression visuelle des personnages, se dessine mentalement tout un espace littéraire fait de réminiscences homériques. L’espace végétal semble composé d’un bouquet d’intertextes de nature endogène tandis que l’architecture palatiale combine structure archaïque et ornements hellénistiques. Nulle trace d’exotisme donc, mais un espace composé de référents grecs typiques. Du fait de ces référents littéraires, la construction de l’espace palatial urbain emprunte sa configuration même au type d’écriture poétique sollicité par le poète épique : la réécriture. Comment comprendre alors que le palais d’Aiétès puisse être à l’image du palais du souverain grec hellénistique, image idéale d’une architecture s’inscrivant dans l’ordre divin ? Il faut voir ici non seulement la mise en image, l’illustration concrète via l’architecture et, partant, le « paysage urbain » qui se singularise par sa nature hybride, de la volonté de rapprocher Orient et Occident, mais aussi et surtout les moyens mêmes de cette mise en œuvre. Le palais et son jardin ne seraient alors qu’une promesse, un prototype d’un modèle idéal à étendre, grandeur nature, sur l’ensemble du territoire colque, et de l’oïkoumène tout entière.When the reader of the third book of Apollonius of Rhodes discovers, in the course of the characters’ visual progression, the space of a Colchian “urban landscape”, s/he mentally creates a literary space made of Homeric recollections. The garden space seems composed of a bouquet of intertexts of endogenous nature, whereas the palatial architecture combines archaic structure with hellenistic ornamentation. So no trace of the exotic, but a space composed of typical Greek references. As a result of these literary references

  14. Um hino entre Tebas e Atenas: um exemplo da polifonia coral em Antígona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agatha Bacelar

    2014-09-01

    , URM 8210, desenvolvendo, sob a orientação de Claude Calame, sua tese intitulada Tragoidiai: des chants pour guérir? Représentations de la maladie dans les tragédies de Sophocle. Desde 2012, é Professora Assistente de Grego no Departamento de Linguística, Português e Línguas Clássicas — Instituto de Letras — Universidade de Brasília. É membro pesquisador do Rhetor — Grupo de Estudos sobre Retórica e Oratória Grega (UnB, no qual desenvolve o projeto Tragédia e oratória na Atenas clássica: interfaces, confluências e delimitações, e, ainda, vice-coordenadora no Núcleo de Estudos Clássicos (NEC/CEAM da UnB para o biênio de 2014-2015. Publicações: Les maladies d’Ajax ? A propos d’un pluriel dans l’Ajax de Sophocle. In: BONA, Edoardo & CURNIS, Michele (a cura di. Linguaggi del potere, poteri del linguaggio. Alessandria: Edizioni dell Orso, 2008, p. 129-140; Um ato de culto à arte poética: o Hino ao banho de Pallas, de Calímaco. Tradução e comentário. Calíope, v. 17, 2007, p. 119-137; As medidas de um conceito: ocorrências de hybris no Ájax de Sófocles. Clássica v. 19.2, 2006, p. 234-244.  

  15. Saberes escolares de uma escola primária paulista: regras de civilidade e noções de moral, civismo e nacionalismo (1930-1980 - Schooling knowledgesfrom paulista primary school: civilizing rules and moral notions, civism and nationalism (1930-1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurizete Ferragut Passos, Diva Otero Pavan

    2011-03-01

      conscience et  des attitudes par le chant choral, l’enseignement religieux et le scoutisme. Mots-clés:  institution;  école; civisme; nationalisme;  enseignement primaire.

  16. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2003-01-01

    + 241 pp. [BRC Occasional paper 1.] -Gerrit Knaap, Frédéric Mantienne, Les relations politiques et commerciales entre la France et la péninsule Indochinoise (XVIIe siècle. Paris: Les Indes Savantes, 2001, 395 pp. -Uli Kozok, James T. Collins, Malay, world language; A short history. Second edition. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan bahasa dan pustaka, 2000, xii + 101 pp. -Nathan Porath, Hoe Ban Seng, Semalai communities at Tasek Bera; A study of the structure of an Orang Asli society. [A.S. Baer and R. Gianno, eds.] Subang Jaya, Malaysia: Centre for Orang Asli concerns, 2001, xii + 191 pp. -Nathan Porath, Narifumi Maeda Tachimoto, The Orang Hulu; A report on Malaysian orang asli in the 1960's. [A.S. Baer, ed.] Subang Jaya, Malaysia: Centre for Orang Asli concerns, 2001, xiv + 104 pp. -Martin Ramstedt, Raechelle Rubinstein ,Staying local in the global village; Bali in the twentieth century. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1999, xiii + 353 pp., Linda H. Connor (eds -Albert M. Salamanca, Thomas R. Leinbach ,Southeast Asia: diversity and development. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2000, xiii + 594 pp., Richard Ulack (eds -Heather Sutherland, Muhamad Hisyam, Caught between three fires; The Javanese pangulu under the Dutch colonial administration, 1882-1942. Jakarta: Indonesian-Netherlands cooperation in Islamic studies (INIS, 2001, 331 pp. [Seri INIS 37.] -Heather Sutherland, Roderich Ptak, China's seaborne trade with South and Southeast Asia (1200-1750. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1999, xii + 366 pp. [Variorum collected studies series CS638.] -Sikko Visscher, M. Jocelyn Armstrong ,Chinese populations in contemporary Southeast Asian societies. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 2001, xiv + 268 pp., R. Warwick Armstrong, Kent Mulliner (eds -Reed Wadley, Clifford Sather, Seeds of play, words of power; An ethnographic study of Iban shamanic chants. Kuching: Tun Jugah foundation, 2001, xvii + 753 pp. [Borneo classic series 5.] -Boris Wastiau, Raymond Corbey, Tribal art traffic; A chronicle

  17. La propagande du rêve. Le discours de l’Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional : pour une poétique de la résistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Galland

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Si l’Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional s’inscrit de fait dans la tradition des luttes révolutionnaires de l’Amérique latine, s’il hérite de l’histoire un souffle marxiste guévariste réinventé par un vaste imaginaire indigène, bientôt pourtant, comme il renonce aux balles, il renonce au discours dogmatique pour adopter une poétique singulière, prompte à s'abandonner au transport onirique. Et s’il y a bien propagande, une propagande fidèle à son armature étymologique de propagation, ce sera dès lors celle du rêve, une propagande des confins, débordant les frontières de ce que l'on nomme d'ordinaire politique. C'est que cet élan littéraire, éminemment conscient du pouvoir des mots, de la puissance de l’effraction onirique, véhicule éthéré de l’avènement d’un autre dire du monde, s'achemine inlassablement vers l'endroit de l'utopie, vers l'avènement d'un autre monde. De dissonance en dissidence, toutes deux matières de résistance, le discours devenu chant vagabond s'ouvre autrement sur le politique ; via la légitimité de la lutte, il projette un horizon : celui de la reconnaissance de la pluralité du monde, celui du passage à une démocratie pluri-culturelle.If the corpus of the texts constituted by the EjércitoZapatista de Liberación Nacional is rooted in the numerous revolutionary productions that Latin America has delivered, and, alongside it, in a Marxist Guevarist political field re-interpretated by a deep indigenous vision, we make the assumption that words incessantly bring it towards the dreamlike realm. If it is propaganda - linked to its etymological origin of “spreading”, it is a dream propaganda, engaging in the overflow, in the nonalignment of poetry, in the freedom of the spoken word, much more than dogmatic political discourse. With both memory and desire, dissonanceand dissidence, writing spreads itself out through the renovation of possible enunciations, leading to

  18. Tupamaro de Caxamarca: tonadas sobre la muerte del Inca Atahualpa contenidas en el códice Martínez Compañón (1782-85 Tupamaro de Caxamarca: Tunes about the Death of the Inca Atahualpa contained in the Codex Martínez Compañón (1782-85

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiziana Palmiero

    2011-12-01

    (b: Adagio tonada el Tuppamaro de caxamarca"- could be related to the events of Cajamarca leading to the capture and death of Inca Atahualpa. The same volume II contains two other plates depicting the beheading of the Inca: "Danza de la degollación del Inga E 172; E173". Ifthis were the case these two tunes could be the only remaining musical fragments of the theatrical performances mentioned above. As a result of the analysis of these two scores we discovered that they could bear a relationship with other scores of the same codex on the basis of musical or text analogies which could be traced back to the tragic events of Cajamarca. These scores are the following: "E. 191, Magestuoso Cachua la Despedida de Guamachuco"; "E. 190 Allegro tonada la brugita para cantar de Guamachuco" and "E. 187. Andantino Tonada ElDiamante, para baylar de Chachapoyas". However our main interest was not to ascertain whether some "tonadas" of the codex could have been part of a theatrical performance of the capture and death of Atahualpa at the end of the colonial period. Indeed we are interested in interpreting these chants as bearing signs of a colonial discourse in two different aspects. On the one hand, the reinterpretation of such historical facts as the capture and death of Atahualpa, and on the other the lingering on of Andean codes in the remembrance of certain rituals such as the "ceremonial grieving". For the sake of musical analysis it was established the existence of a mode conceived initially as part of a system of modes of theInca era related to the system of European church modes. We have named this mode as "Inca grieving" and we will consider its relationships with the ceremonial grieving of the times of the incas as well as its role in the transmission of meanings related to the colonial Andean rituals.

  19. El boto y los geoglifos de Nasca: una contribución de la investigación estética en la arqueología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1974-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans cette nouvelle contribution de la recherche esthétique a l'archéologie, l'auteur expose tout d'abord l'idée que l'art et la religion se confondent en une harmonie conjuguant le fondement métaphysique du rite et la plastique que celui-ci adopte les deux éléments se mêlent dans un propos mystérieux mais également éloquent. L'art, comme dépassement des énergies, trouve ici la possibilité de réaliser, au moyen de ce reste d' 'énergie culturelle', la forme qu'exige la signification du mythe. Cette manifestation n'est pas nécessairement plastique elle peut s'exprimer par des formes artistiques différentes, telles les danses, les chants ou les actes sportifs, dans des compétitions (comme dans l' 'agon' grec se déroulant sur des espaces rigoureusement déterminés et consacrés à l'accomplissement des rites. Ce sont la les fondements du jugement critico-esthétique sur lequel s'appuie la thèse de l'auteur. L'astrologie (ou la religiosité, puisqu'il y a harmonie entre l'astre solaire et l'existence humaine se conjugue à l'art et s'exprime dans les multiples et complexes tracés rectilignes de plusieurs kilomètres parfois, au coté d'autres dessins totémiques enchevêtrés et en relation avec les tracés. L'auteur fait référence aux études antérieures sur le sujet et analyse le 'Rapport Hawkins', qui constitue l'apport scientifique le plus récent et attribue a ces tracés une date d'exécution entre 390 et 500 de l'ère chrétienne. Hawkins déclare que ces tracés 'ne semblent pas avoir de signification astronomique' ainsi tend-il a rejoindre l'hypothèse ludique de l'auteur de ces lignes en y voyant des expressions sociales ou intervient le sens du jeu et du sport religieux. Parmi les nombreux glyphes totémiques figure celui de l'orque (Orca gladiator, déjà présent dans la céramique de la première phase culturelle 'naturaliste', dont l'apogée se place durant 'la période correspondant du sous-style Nasca de

  20. Translation and Creative Writing: An Interview with Professor Margaret Rogers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruzbeh Babaee

    2016-01-01

    translator’s agency is redundant. Even texts which have standard equivalents in the other language / culture, e.g. notices such as ‘Beware of the dog’ (French Attention, chien méchant; German Vorsicht, bissiger Hund; Italian Attenti al cane!, could be translated differently if the purpose of the translation is to inform about the structure of the source text rather than produce a notice which is functionally appropriate. The scope for variation in literary translation is, of course, even wider in many cases and not necessarily linked to a change in the purpose of the translation. Toury’s Descriptive Translation Studies has shown us how important the norms of reception are and how these norms can vary according to time and place.   RB: How do you deal with a term with several different shades of meaning in the original language? MR: Even specialist terms can be ‘perspectivised’ in different ways in a text, depending on which characteristics of the concept (as specified in an intensional definition, for example are activated by the co-text. The translator’s job is to establish whether there is a similar affordance for such nuancing in the target language e.g. by researching model texts with similar content and design features to those of the source text, or by communicating with experts working in the relevant field. In the latter case, however, we always need to be prepared for puzzled reactions and sometimes poor insight into actual practice. These kinds of differences are rarely recorded in codified sources such as termbases or dictionaries, as they are often highly contextualised and therefore present difficulties for the abstraction that is necessary for codification.  If no immediate solution is apparent in the target language, perhaps the nuancing is not necessary or poses no problems for target-language readers. Examples of this kind of nuancing can, however, be found in Rogers 1999; 2007.   RB: Do you think that translation can be a rich source of

  1. Los grupos étnicos en la cuenca del Chuquimayo, siglos 15 y 16

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1973-01-01

    'alimentation était le mais, le manioc, la patate douce et les haricots. La boisson provenait du mais et du manioc. Ces groupes avaient des pâturages et des auquénidés ils tissaient la laine et le coton. L'habillement était constitué par des chemises dont les dimensions variaient d'une nación à l'autre. Il en était de même pour la coiffure qui allait des tresses les plus longues à la coupe totale de la chevelure. 7. Un caractère culturel particulier a certains d'entre eux (Nehipe, Perico et Bagua était le salut effectué en léchant la main de la personne reçue. Ils parlaient plusieurs langues dont la plus commune était le patagon. 8. Ils préféraient se déplacer en utilisant des pirogues plutôt que des sentiers et savaient construire des ponts suspendus de lianes. Ils ont été d'extraordinaires nageurs et traversaient les torrents en portant leur charge sur la tête ou à la main. 9. Ils ne constituèrent jamais des états organisés et unifiés mais d'authentiques seigneuries (behetrías dans lesquelles les groupes vivaient indépendamment les uns des autres. Ils n'ont formé de confédération que dans les cas de danger. Les villages étaient petits et les maisons circulaires avec une charpente de bois et un toit de paille. Chaque famille avait en moyenne trois enfants. 10. Comme tout groupe humain de culture marginal de (marginale non englobé dans un état organisé, ils ont été de grands défenseurs de la liberté pour laquelle ils se sont battus. Ils avaient des lances, des sabres, des dards, des flèches et des boucliers de bais et de peau, tout comme des poignards d'os. Durant les batailles, des hommes et des femmes combattaient dans la nación de Bagua. 11. À partir de 1549 tous ces groupes ethniques ont été répartis sous forme d'encomiendas et remis a plusieurs espagnols qui conquirent et s'approprièrent les terres de Jaén. 12. L'invasion européenne a été à l'origine de graves difficultés psychologiques et biologiques. Le travail