Sample records for euler integrator dynamic

  1. Euler Sums and Contour Integral Representations


    Flajolet, Philippe; Salvy, Bruno


    This paper develops an approach to the evaluation of Euler sums involving harmonic numbers either linearly or nonlinearly. We give explicit formul{æ} for certain classes of Euler sums in terms of values of the Riemann zeta function at positive integers. The approach is based on simple contour integral representations and residue computations.

  2. Multiple Twisted -Euler Numbers and Polynomials Associated with -Adic -Integrals

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    Jang Lee-Chae


    Full Text Available By using -adic -integrals on , we define multiple twisted -Euler numbers and polynomials. We also find Witt's type formula for multiple twisted -Euler numbers and discuss some characterizations of multiple twisted -Euler Zeta functions. In particular, we construct multiple twisted Barnes' type -Euler polynomials and multiple twisted Barnes' type -Euler Zeta functions. Finally, we define multiple twisted Dirichlet's type -Euler numbers and polynomials, and give Witt's type formula for them.

  3. Stochastic Euler Equations of Fluid Dynamics with Lvy Noise (United States)


    ical Fluid Mechanics , Vol. III, Elsevier, 2004. [10] N. Capinski and N. Cutland, Stochastic Euler equations on the torus, Annals of Applied Probability...Asymptotic Analysis 99 (2016) 67–103 67 DOI 10.3233/ASY-161376 IOS Press Stochastic Euler equations of fluid dynamics with Lévy noise Manil T. Mohan...dimensions. The existence of a unique maximal solution is also proved. Keywords: Euler equations of fluid dynamics, Lévy process, commutator estimates

  4. Comparison between Euler and quaternion parametrization in UAV dynamics (United States)

    Alaimo, A.; Artale, V.; Milazzo, C.; Ricciardello, A.


    The main topic addressed in this paper is a comparison between Euler parametrization and Quaternion one in the description of the dynamics of a Unmanned Aerial Vehicle assumed as a rigid body. In details Newton Euler equations are re-written in terms of quaternions due to the singularities that the Euler angles lead. This formulation not only avoids the gimbal lock but also allows a better performance in numerical implementation thanks to the linearity of quaternion algebra. This kind of analysis, proved by some numerical results presented, has a great importance due to the applicability of quaternion to drone control. Indeed, this latter requires a time response as quick as possible, in order to be reliable.

  5. Multiple Twisted q-Euler Numbers and Polynomials Associated with p-Adic q-Integrals

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    Lee-Chae Jang


    Full Text Available By using p-adic q-integrals on ℤp, we define multiple twisted q-Euler numbers and polynomials. We also find Witt's type formula for multiple twisted q-Euler numbers and discuss some characterizations of multiple twisted q-Euler Zeta functions. In particular, we construct multiple twisted Barnes' type q-Euler polynomials and multiple twisted Barnes' type q-Euler Zeta functions. Finally, we define multiple twisted Dirichlet's type q-Euler numbers and polynomials, and give Witt's type formula for them.

  6. Some properties on the integral of the product of several Euler ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper, we study the formula for a product of two Euler polynomials. From this study, we derive some formulae for the integral of the product of two or more Euler polynomials. Keywords: Euler numbers and polynomials, Bernoulli numbers, identity.

  7. Wing aeroelasticity analysis based on an integral boundary-layer method coupled with Euler solver

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    Ma Yanfeng


    Full Text Available An interactive boundary-layer method, which solves the unsteady flow, is developed for aeroelastic computation in the time domain. The coupled method combines the Euler solver with the integral boundary-layer solver (Euler/BL in a “semi-inverse” manner to compute flows with the inviscid and viscous interaction. Unsteady boundary conditions on moving surfaces are taken into account by utilizing the approximate small-perturbation method without moving the computational grids. The steady and unsteady flow calculations for the LANN wing are presented. The wing tip displacement of high Reynolds number aero-structural dynamics (HIRENASD Project is simulated under different angles of attack. The flutter-boundary predictions for the AGARD 445.6 wing are provided. The results of the interactive boundary-layer method are compared with those of the Euler method and experimental data. The study shows that viscous effects are significant for these cases and the further data analysis confirms the validity and practicability of the coupled method.

  8. Euler Strut: A Mechanical Analogy for Dynamics in the Vicinity of a Critical Point (United States)

    Bobnar, Jaka; Susman, Katarina; Parsegian, V. Adrian; Rand, Peter R.; Cepic, Mojca; Podgornik, Rudolf


    An anchored elastic filament (Euler strut) under an external point load applied to its free end is a simple model for a second-order phase transition. In the static case, a load greater than the critical load causes a Euler buckling instability, leading to a change in the filament's shape. The analysis of filament dynamics with an external point…

  9. On the Fermionic -adic Integral Representation of Bernstein Polynomials Associated with Euler Numbers and Polynomials

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    Ryoo CS


    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to give some properties of several Bernstein type polynomials to represent the fermionic -adic integral on . From these properties, we derive some interesting identities on the Euler numbers and polynomials.

  10. Dynamic Euler-Bernoulli Beam Equation: Classification and Reductions

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    R. Naz


    Full Text Available We study a dynamic fourth-order Euler-Bernoulli partial differential equation having a constant elastic modulus and area moment of inertia, a variable lineal mass density g(x, and the applied load denoted by f(u, a function of transverse displacement u(t,x. The complete Lie group classification is obtained for different forms of the variable lineal mass density g(x and applied load f(u. The equivalence transformations are constructed to simplify the determining equations for the symmetries. The principal algebra is one-dimensional and it extends to two- and three-dimensional algebras for an arbitrary applied load, general power-law, exponential, and log type of applied loads for different forms of g(x. For the linear applied load case, we obtain an infinite-dimensional Lie algebra. We recover the Lie symmetry classification results discussed in the literature when g(x is constant with variable applied load f(u. For the general power-law and exponential case the group invariant solutions are derived. The similarity transformations reduce the fourth-order partial differential equation to a fourth-order ordinary differential equation. For the power-law applied load case a compatible initial-boundary value problem for the clamped and free end beam cases is formulated. We deduce the fourth-order ordinary differential equation with appropriate initial and boundary conditions.

  11. Dynamic Response of Axially Loaded Euler-Bernoulli Beams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bayat, M.; Barari, Amin; Shahidi, M.


    The current research deals with application of a new analytical technique called Energy Balance Method (EBM) for a nonlinear problem. Energy Balance Method is used to obtain the analytical solution for nonlinear vibration behavior of Euler-Bernoulli beams subjected to axial loads. Analytical...... expressions for geometrically nonlinear vibration of beams are provided. The effect of vibration amplitude on the nonlinear frequency is discussed. Comparison between Energy Balance Method results and those available in literature demonstrates the accuracy of this method. In Energy Balance Method contrary...

  12. Dynamic analysis of a Bernoulli-Euler beam via the Laplace ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper the dynamic analysis of a simply supported Bernoulli-Euler beam subjected to a distributed load was investigated. The simplified form of the mathematical expression defining the dynamic displacement of the beam was formulated using the variational Indicator of the Hamiltonian principle. The method of ...

  13. Dynamic behaviour of non-uniform Bernoulli-Euler beams subjected ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper investigates the dynamics behaviour of non-uniform Bernoulli-Euler beams subjected to concentrated loads ravelling at variable velocities. The solution technique is based on the Generalized Galerkin Method and the use of the generating function of the Bessel function type. The results show that, for all the ...

  14. Newton-Euler Dynamic Equations of Motion for a Multi-body Spacecraft (United States)

    Stoneking, Eric


    The Magnetospheric MultiScale (MMS) mission employs a formation of spinning spacecraft with several flexible appendages and thruster-based control. To understand the complex dynamic interaction of thruster actuation, appendage motion, and spin dynamics, each spacecraft is modeled as a tree of rigid bodies connected by spherical or gimballed joints. The method presented facilitates assembling by inspection the exact, nonlinear dynamic equations of motion for a multibody spacecraft suitable for solution by numerical integration. The building block equations are derived by applying Newton's and Euler's equations of motion to an "element" consisting of two bodies and one joint (spherical and gimballed joints are considered separately). Patterns in the "mass" and L'force" matrices guide assembly by inspection of a general N-body tree-topology system. Straightforward linear algebra operations are employed to eliminate extraneous constraint equations, resulting in a minimum-dimension system of equations to solve. This method thus combines a straightforward, easily-extendable, easily-mechanized formulation with an efficient computer implementation.

  15. A functional integral approach to shock wave solutions of Euler equations with spherical symmetry (United States)

    Yang, Tong


    For n×n systems of conservation laws in one dimension without source terms, the existence of global weak solutions was proved by Glimm [1]. Glimm constructed approximate solutions using a difference scheme by solving a class of Riemann problems. In this paper, we consider the Cauchy problem for the Euler equations in the spherically symmetric case when the initial data are small perturbations of the trivial solution, i.e., u≡0 and ρ≡ constant, where u is velocity and ρ is density. We show that this Cauchy problem can be reduced to an ideal nonlinear problem approximately. If we assume all the waves move at constant speeds in the ideal problem, by using Glimm's scheme and an integral approach to sum the contributions of the reflected waves that correspond to each path through the solution, we get uniform bounds on the L ∞ norm and total variational norm of the solutions for all time. The geometric effects of spherical symmetry leads to a non-integrable source term in the Euler equations. Correspondingly, we consider an infinite reflection problem and solve it by considering the cancellations between reflections of different orders in our ideal problem. Thus we view this as an analysis of the interaction effects at the quadratic level in a nonlinear model problem for the Euler equations. Although it is far more difficult to obtain estimates in the exact solutions of the Euler equations due to the problem of controlling the time at which the cancellations occur, we believe that this analysis of the wave behaviour will be the first step in solving the problem of existence of global weak solutions for the spherically symmetric Euler equations outside of fixed ball.

  16. A Direct and Non-Singular UKF Approach Using Euler Angle Kinematics for Integrated Navigation Systems

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    Changyan Ran


    Full Text Available This paper presents a direct and non-singular approach based on an unscented Kalman filter (UKF for the integration of strapdown inertial navigation systems (SINSs with the aid of velocity. The state vector includes velocity and Euler angles, and the system model contains Euler angle kinematics equations. The measured velocity in the body frame is used as the filter measurement. The quaternion nonlinear equality constraint is eliminated, and the cross-noise problem is overcome. The filter model is simple and easy to apply without linearization. Data fusion is performed by an UKF, which directly estimates and outputs the navigation information. There is no need to process navigation computation and error correction separately because the navigation computation is completed synchronously during the filter time updating. In addition, the singularities are avoided with the help of the dual-Euler method. The performance of the proposed approach is verified by road test data from a land vehicle equipped with an odometer aided SINS, and a singularity turntable test is conducted using three-axis turntable test data. The results show that the proposed approach can achieve higher navigation accuracy than the commonly-used indirect approach, and the singularities can be efficiently removed as the result of dual-Euler method.

  17. Euler strut: a mechanical analogy for dynamics in the vicinity of a critical point

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bobnar, Jaka; Podgornik, Rudolf [Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Susman, Katarina; Cepic, Mojca [Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Parsegian, V Adrian [Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Rand, Peter R [1278 Line 2 RR No 6 Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario L0S1J0 (Canada)


    An anchored elastic filament (Euler strut) under an external point load applied to its free end is a simple model for a second-order phase transition. In the static case, a load greater than the critical load causes a Euler buckling instability, leading to a change in the filament's shape. The analysis of filament dynamics with an external point load at its end shows that when approaching the critical end-load, the period of such an inverted pendulum diverges in a fashion analogous to a 'soft mode' critical slowing down in, for example, a ferroelectric phase transition of displacive type. We thus show that an advanced concept of solid state physics, i.e. 'soft mode' dynamics and critical slowing down, observable in a variety of second-order phase transitions, can be actualized in this simple mechanical system. The variable loads attached to a vertical spring allow for an experimental implementation and quantitative measurements as an illustration of this analogy.

  18. A Note on Nörlund-Type Twisted -Euler Polynomials and Numbers of Higher Order Associated with Fermionic Invariant -Integrals

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    Jang Leechae


    Full Text Available Abstract We define multiple Nörlund-type twisted -Euler polynomials and numbers and give interpolation functions of multiple Nörlund-type twisted -Euler polynomials at negative integers. Furthermore, we investigate some identities related to these polynomials and interpolation functions.

  19. Closed-form integrator for the quaternion (euler angle) kinematics equations (United States)

    Whitmore, Stephen A. (Inventor)


    The invention is embodied in a method of integrating kinematics equations for updating a set of vehicle attitude angles of a vehicle using 3-dimensional angular velocities of the vehicle, which includes computing an integrating factor matrix from quantities corresponding to the 3-dimensional angular velocities, computing a total integrated angular rate from the quantities corresponding to a 3-dimensional angular velocities, computing a state transition matrix as a sum of (a) a first complementary function of the total integrated angular rate and (b) the integrating factor matrix multiplied by a second complementary function of the total integrated angular rate, and updating the set of vehicle attitude angles using the state transition matrix. Preferably, the method further includes computing a quanternion vector from the quantities corresponding to the 3-dimensional angular velocities, in which case the updating of the set of vehicle attitude angles using the state transition matrix is carried out by (a) updating the quanternion vector by multiplying the quanternion vector by the state transition matrix to produce an updated quanternion vector and (b) computing an updated set of vehicle attitude angles from the updated quanternion vector. The first and second trigonometric functions are complementary, such as a sine and a cosine. The quantities corresponding to the 3-dimensional angular velocities include respective averages of the 3-dimensional angular velocities over plural time frames. The updating of the quanternion vector preserves the norm of the vector, whereby the updated set of vehicle attitude angles are virtually error-free.

  20. Explicit calculation of multi-fold contour integrals of certain ratios of Euler gamma functions. Part 1

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    Ivan Gonzalez


    Full Text Available In this paper, we proceed to study properties of Mellin–Barnes (MB transforms of Usyukina–Davydychev (UD functions. In our previous papers (Allendes et al., 2013 [13], Kniehl et al., 2013 [14], we showed that multi-fold Mellin–Barnes (MB transforms of Usyukina–Davydychev (UD functions may be reduced to two-fold MB transforms and that the higher-order UD functions may be obtained in terms of a differential operator by applying it to a slightly modified first UD function. The result is valid in d=4 dimensions, and its analog in d=4−2ε dimensions exits, too (Gonzalez and Kondrashuk, 2013 [6]. In Allendes et al. (2013 [13], the chain of recurrence relations for analytically regularized UD functions was obtained implicitly by comparing the left-hand side and the right-hand side of the diagrammatic relations between the diagrams with different loop orders. In turn, these diagrammatic relations were obtained using the method of loop reduction for the triangle ladder diagrams proposed in 1983 by Belokurov and Usyukina. Here, we reproduce these recurrence relations by calculating explicitly, via Barnes lemmas, the contour integrals produced by the left-hand sides of the diagrammatic relations. In this a way, we explicitly calculate a family of multi-fold contour integrals of certain ratios of Euler gamma functions. We make a conjecture that similar results for the contour integrals are valid for a wider family of smooth functions, which includes the MB transforms of UD functions.

  1. Explicit calculation of multi-fold contour integrals of certain ratios of Euler gamma functions. Pt. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez, Ivan [Valparaiso Univ. (Chile). Inst. de Fisica y Astronomia; Kniehl, Bernd A. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). II. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Kondrashuk, Igor [Univ. del Bio-Bio, Chillan (Chile). Dept. de Ciencias Basicas; Notte-Cuello, Eduardo A. [La Serena Univ. (Chile). Dept. de Matematicas; Parra-Ferrada, Ivan [Talca Univ. (Chile). Inst. de Matematica y Fisica; Rojas-Medar, Marko A. [Univ. de Tarapaca, Arica (Chile). Inst. de Alta Investigacion


    In this paper we proceed to study properties of Mellin-Barnes (MB) transforms of Usyukina-Davydychev (UD) functions. In our previous papers [Nuclear Physics B 870 (2013) 243], [Nuclear Physics B 876 (2013) 322] we showed that multi-fold Mellin-Barnes (MB) transforms of Usyukina-Davydychev (UD) functions may be reduced to two-fold MB transforms and that the higher-order UD functions were obtained in terms of a differential operator by applying it to a slightly modified first UD function. The result is valid in d=4 dimensions and its analog in d=4-2ε dimensions exits too [Theoretical and Mathematical Physics 177 (2013) 1515]. In [Nuclear Physics B 870 (2013) 243] the chain of recurrent relations for analytically regularized UD functions was obtained implicitly by comparing the left hand side and the right hand side of the diagrammatic relations between the diagrams with different loop orders. In turn, these diagrammatic relations were obtained due to the method of loop reductions for the triangle ladder diagrams proposed in 1983 by Belokurov and Usyukina. Here we reproduce these recurrent relations by calculating explicitly via Barnes lemmas the contour integrals produced by the left hand sides of the diagrammatic relations. In such a way we explicitly calculate a family of multi-fold contour integrals of certain ratios of Euler gamma functions. We make a conjecture that similar results for the contour integrals are valid for a wider family of smooth functions which includes the MB transforms of UD functions.

  2. A Consistent Dynamic Finite Element Formulation For a Pipe Using Euler Parameters

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    Ara Arabyan


    Full Text Available A pipe element developed earlier for the analysis of combined large bending and torsional deformations of blood vessels under static loading is extended to model behavior in the presence of large rotations and time-varying external forces. As in the case of the earlier element, the enhanced element supports ovalization and warping of its cross-section. The enhancements presented in this paper are comprised of a mass matrix and gyroscopic effects resulting from fast rotation rates and large deformations. The effectiveness of the element is demonstrated by two examples, which simulate the three-dimensional behavior of a highly flexible pipe under dynamic loading conditions.

  3. Euler as Physicist

    CERN Document Server

    Suisky, Dieter


    "Euler as Physicist" analyzes the exceptional role of Leonhard Euler (1707 - 1783) in the history of science and emphasizes especially his fundamental contributions to physics. Although Euler is famous as the leading mathematician of the 18th century, his contributions to physics are as important for their innovative methods and solutions. Several books are devoted to Euler as mathematician, but none to Euler as physicist, like in this book. Euler’s contributions to mechanics are rooted in his life-long plan presented in two volume treatise programmatically entitled "Mechanics or the science of motion analytically demonstrated". Published in 1736, Euler’s treatise indicates the turn over from the traditional geometric representation of mechanics to a new approach. In writing Mechanics Euler did the first step to put the plan and his completion into practice through 1760. It is of particular interest to study how Euler made immediate use of his mathematics for mechanics and coordinated his progress in math...

  4. A new finite element formulation for computational fluid dynamics. X - The compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes equations (United States)

    Shakib, Farzin; Hughes, Thomas J. R.; Johan, Zdenek


    A space-time element method is presented for solving the compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes equations. The proposed formulation includes the variational equation, predictor multi-corrector algorithms and boundary conditions. The variational equation is based on the time-discontinuous Galerkin method, in which the physical entropy variables are employed. A least-squares operator and a discontinuity-capturing operator are added, resulting in a high-order accurate and unconditionally stable method. Implicit/explicit predictor multi-corrector algorithms, applicable to steady as well as unsteady problems, are presented; techniques are developed to enhance their efficiency. Implementation of boundary conditions is addressed; in particular, a technique is introduced to satisfy nonlinear essential boundary conditions, and a consistent method is presented to calculate boundary fluxes. Numerical results are presented to demonstrate the performance of the method.

  5. Euler systems (AM-147)

    CERN Document Server

    Rubin, Karl


    One of the most exciting new subjects in Algebraic Number Theory and Arithmetic Algebraic Geometry is the theory of Euler systems. Euler systems are special collections of cohomology classes attached to p-adic Galois representations. Introduced by Victor Kolyvagin in the late 1980s in order to bound Selmer groups attached to p-adic representations, Euler systems have since been used to solve several key problems. These include certain cases of the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture and the Main Conjecture of Iwasawa Theory. Because Selmer groups play a central role in Arithmetic Algebraic G

  6. A Note on Nörlund-Type Twisted q-Euler Polynomials and Numbers of Higher Order Associated with Fermionic Invariant q-Integrals

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    Leechae Jang


    Full Text Available We define multiple Nörlund-type twisted q-Euler polynomials and numbers and give interpolation functions of multiple Nörlund-type twisted q-Euler polynomials at negative integers. Furthermore, we investigate some identities related to these polynomials and interpolation functions.

  7. Integrable Problems of the Dynamics of Coupled Rigid Bodies (United States)

    Bogoyavlenskiĭ, O. I.


    Several classical problems of dynamics are shown to be integrable for the special systems of coupled rigid bodies introduced in this paper and called Ck-central configurations. It is proved that the dynamics of an arbitrary Ck-central configuration in the Newtonian gravitational field with an arbitrary quadratic potential is integrable in the Liouville sense and in theta-functions of Riemann surfaces. A hidden symmetry of the inertial dynamics of these configurations is found, and reductions of the corresponding Lagrange equations to the Euler equations on the direct sums of Lie coalgebras SO(3) are obtained. Reductions and integrable cases of the equations for the rotation of a heavy Ck-central configuration about a fixed point are indicated. Separation of rotations of a space station type orbiting system, which is a Ck-central configuration of rigid bodies, is proved. This result leads to the possibility of independent stabilization of rotations of the rigid bodies in such orbiting configurations. Integrability of the inertial dynamics of CRn-central configurations of coupled gyrostats is proved.

  8. Euler Polynomials, Fourier Series and Zeta Numbers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheufens, Ernst E


    Fourier series for Euler polynomials is used to obtain information about values of the Riemann zeta function for integer arguments greater than one. If the argument is even we recover the well-known exact values, if the argument is odd we find integral representations and rapidly convergent series....

  9. Time Integrators for Molecular Dynamics

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    Nawaf Bou-Rabee


    Full Text Available This paper invites the reader to learn more about time integrators for Molecular Dynamics simulation through a simple MATLAB implementation. An overview of methods is provided from an algorithmic viewpoint that emphasizes long-time stability and finite-time dynamic accuracy. The given software simulates Langevin dynamics using an explicit, second-order (weakly accurate integrator that exactly reproduces the Boltzmann-Gibbs density. This latter feature comes from adding a Metropolis acceptance-rejection step to the integrator. The paper discusses in detail the properties of the integrator. Since these properties do not rely on a specific form of a heat or pressure bath model, the given algorithm can be used to simulate other bath models including, e.g., the widely used v-rescale thermostat.

  10. Integrable Floquet dynamics

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    Vladimir Gritsev, Anatoli Polkovnikov


    Full Text Available We discuss several classes of integrable Floquet systems, i.e. systems which do not exhibit chaotic behavior even under a time dependent perturbation. The first class is associated with finite-dimensional Lie groups and infinite-dimensional generalization thereof. The second class is related to the row transfer matrices of the 2D statistical mechanics models. The third class of models, called here "boost models", is constructed as a periodic interchange of two Hamiltonians - one is the integrable lattice model Hamiltonian, while the second is the boost operator. The latter for known cases coincides with the entanglement Hamiltonian and is closely related to the corner transfer matrix of the corresponding 2D statistical models. We present several explicit examples. As an interesting application of the boost models we discuss a possibility of generating periodically oscillating states with the period different from that of the driving field. In particular, one can realize an oscillating state by performing a static quench to a boost operator. We term this state a "Quantum Boost Clock". All analyzed setups can be readily realized experimentally, for example in cod atoms.

  11. Euler equations on finite-dimensional Lie coalgebras, arising in problems of mathematical physics (United States)

    Bogoyavlenskii, O. I.


    CONTENTSIntroductionChapter I. Euler equations on finite-dimensional Lie coalgebras, arising in physical problems §1. Classical investigations of the Euler equations of the rotation of an n-dimensional rigid body §2. Euler equations on Lie coalgebras, connected with the dynamics of a rigidbody around a fixed point and with the dynamics of a rigid body in an ideal incompressible fluid §3. Algebraic and Hamiltonian structure of the equations of rotation of a satellite around the mass centre §4. Physical applications of Euler equations on the direct sum of n Lie coalgebras SO(3)Chapter II. Integration of the dynamics of an arbitrary rigid body in the Newtonian gravitational field with an arbitrary quadratic potential §1. History of the problem §2. Integrability in the Liouville sense of the equations of rotation of a rigid body around a fixed mass centre in the field of remote attractive objects §3. Integrability in the Liouville sense of the equations of the translational-rotational dynamics of a rigid body in the Newtonian gravitational field with an arbitrary quadratic potential §4. The integrability of the dynamics in terms of Riemann theta-functions §5. Dynamics of a symmetric rigid body in the Newtonian gravitational field with an arbitrary quadratic potential §6. Integrable cases of equations of rotation of a rigid body in non-linear gravitational fields §7. Integrability of the n-dimensional analogue of the problem of rotation of a rigid body in the Newtonian gravitational field with an arbitrary quadratic potential §8. Lagrangian structure of the Kirchhoff equationsChapter III. General integrable problems of classical mechanics §1. Introduction and summary §2. Complete integrability of the dynamics of a C1-central configuration §3. General integrable problems of classical mechanics §4. Hidden symmetry of the inertial dynamics §5. Reductions and integrable cases of rotation of a Ck-central configuration around a fixed point in Newtonian

  12. Indecisiveness: A Dynamic, Integrative Approach. (United States)

    Johnson, Douglas Paul


    Responds to case of Sondra presented in Career Development Quarterly (September 1990). Suggests that her inability to decide on a career may be rooted in long-term personality style, poor ego strength, noisome family dynamics, and/or developmental delay. Recommends an integrative approach incorporating both personal and career counseling. (PVV)

  13. Euler: Genius Blind Astronomer Mathematician


    Musielak, Dora


    Leonhard Euler, the most prolific mathematician in history, contributed to advance a wide spectrum of topics in celestial mechanics. At the Saint Petersburg Observatory, Euler observed sunspots and tracked the movements of the Moon. Combining astronomical observations with his own mathematical genius, he determined the orbits of planets and comets. Euler laid the foundations of the methods of planetary perturbations and solved many of the Newtonian mechanics problems of the eighteenth century...

  14. Hypergeometric Euler numbers


    Komatsu, Takao; Zhu, Huilin


    For a nonnegative integer $N$, define hypergeometric Euler numbers $E_{N,n}$ by $$ \\frac{1}{{}_1 F_2(1;N+1,(2 N+1)/2;t^2/4)}=\\sum_{n=0}^\\infty E_{N,n}\\frac{t^n}{n!}\\,, $$ where ${}_1 F_2(a;b,c;z)$ is the hypergeometric function defined by $$ {}_1 F_2(a;b,c;z)=\\sum_{n=0}^\\infty\\frac{(a)^{(n)}}{(b)^{(n)}(c)^{(n)}}\\frac{z^n}{n!}\\,. $$ Here, $(x)^{(n)}$ is the rising factorial, defined by $(x)^{(n)}=x(x+1)\\cdots(x+n-1)$ ($n\\ge 1$) with $(x)^{(0)}=1$. When $N=0$, then $E_n=E_{0,n}$ are classical E...

  15. A general multiblock Euler code for propulsion integration. Volume 2: User guide for BCON, pre-processor for grid generation and GMBE (United States)

    Su, T. Y.; Appleby, R. A.; Chen, H. C.


    The BCON is a menu-driven graphics interface program whose input consists of strings or arrays of points generated from a computer aided design (CAD) tool or any other surface geometry source. The user needs to design the block topology and prepare the surface geometry definition and surface grids separately. The BCON generates input files that contain the block definitions and the block relationships required for generating a multiblock volume grid with the EAGLE grid generation package. The BCON also generates the block boundary conditions file which is used along with the block relationship file as input for the general multiblock Euler (GMBE) code (GMBE, volumes 1 and 3).

  16. Description of Euler bricks using Fibonacci's identity


    Safin, Boris


    We show how the Fibonacci's identity is used to obtain Euler bricks. Also,we put forward the relation between Fibonacci's identity and Euler's formula, which provides the description of Euler's bricks with noninteger spatial diagonal. Finally,we establish a relation between the Euler bricks with integer and noninteger spatial diagonals.

  17. Improving the Modified Euler Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham OCHOCHE


    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper was to propose an improved approximation technique for the computation of the numerical solutions of initial value problems (IVP. The method we have improved upon is the Modified Euler method. By the simple improvement we effected we were able to obtain a much better performance by our Improved Modified Euler (IME method which was shown to also be of order two.

  18. One-equation sub-grid scale (SGS) modelling for Euler-Euler large eddy simulation (EELES) of dispersed bubbly flow

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Niceno, B.; Dhotre, M.T.; Deen, N.G.


    In this work, we have presented a one-equation model for sub-grid scale (SGS) kinetic energy and applied it for an Euler-Euler large eddy simulation (EELES) of a bubble column reactor. The one-equation model for SGS kinetic energy shows improved predictions over the state-of-the-art dynamic

  19. A general treatment of dynamic integrity constraints

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Brock, EO

    This paper introduces a general, set-theoretic model for expressing dynamic integrity constraints, i.e., integrity constraints on the state changes that are allowed in a given state space. In a managerial context, such dynamic integrity constraints can be seen as representations of "real world"

  20. Geometric integrators for stochastic rigid body dynamics

    KAUST Repository

    Tretyakov, Mikhail


    Geometric integrators play an important role in simulating dynamical systems on long time intervals with high accuracy. We will illustrate geometric integration ideas within the stochastic context, mostly on examples of stochastic thermostats for rigid body dynamics. The talk will be mainly based on joint recent work with Rusland Davidchak and Tom Ouldridge.

  1. Sediment transport modeling using highly resolved Euler-Lagrange LES (United States)

    Arolla, Sunil; Desjardins, Olivier


    We use an explicitly volume-filtered Euler-Lagrange large eddy simulation methodology to investigate the detailed dynamics of turbulent liquid-solid slurry flows through a horizontal pipe. A series of simulations have been performed by varying the superficial liquid velocity to be consistent with the available experimental data by Danielson (2007). From our numerical simulations, the critical deposition velocity below which a static sand bed starts forming is predicted and compared with the experiments. We discuss the dynamics of liquid-solid slurry flow in connection with the Shields diagram. Depending on the Shields number, patterns develop at the surface of the particle bed, in close analogy with patterns discussed in sediment transport research. We also present statistics extracted to evaluate and improve recently proposed RANS based closure modeling ideas in the context of Euler-Euler formalism.

  2. On Interpolation Functions of the Generalized Twisted (h,q-Euler Polynomials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyoung Ho Park


    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to construct p-adic twisted two-variable Euler-(h,q-L-functions, which interpolate generalized twisted (h,q-Euler polynomials at negative integers. In this paper, we treat twisted (h,q-Euler numbers and polynomials associated with p-adic invariant integral on ℤp. We will construct two-variable twisted (h,q-Euler-zeta function and two-variable (h,q-L-function in Complex s-plane.

  3. Numerical integration methods and layout improvements in the context of dynamic RNA visualization. (United States)

    Shabash, Boris; Wiese, Kay C


    RNA visualization software tools have traditionally presented a static visualization of RNA molecules with limited ability for users to interact with the resulting image once it is complete. Only a few tools allowed for dynamic structures. One such tool is jViz.RNA. Currently, jViz.RNA employs a unique method for the creation of the RNA molecule layout by mapping the RNA nucleotides into vertexes in a graph, which we call the detailed graph, and then utilizes a Newtonian mechanics inspired system of forces to calculate a layout for the RNA molecule. The work presented here focuses on improvements to jViz.RNA that allow the drawing of RNA secondary structures according to common drawing conventions, as well as dramatic run-time performance improvements. This is done first by presenting an alternative method for mapping the RNA molecule into a graph, which we call the compressed graph, and then employing advanced numerical integration methods for the compressed graph representation. Comparing the compressed graph and detailed graph implementations, we find that the compressed graph produces results more consistent with RNA drawing conventions. However, we also find that employing the compressed graph method requires a more sophisticated initial layout to produce visualizations that would require minimal user interference. Comparing the two numerical integration methods demonstrates the higher stability of the Backward Euler method, and its resulting ability to handle much larger time steps, a high priority feature for any software which entails user interaction. The work in this manuscript presents the preferred use of compressed graphs to detailed ones, as well as the advantages of employing the Backward Euler method over the Forward Euler method. These improvements produce more stable as well as visually aesthetic representations of the RNA secondary structures. The results presented demonstrate that both the compressed graph representation, as well as the Backward

  4. From the N-body problem to Euler equations (United States)

    Lykov, A. A.; Malyshev, V. A.


    This paper contains a rigorous mathematical example of direct derivation of the system of Euler hydrodynamic equations from the Hamiltonian equations for an N point particle system as N → ∞. "Direct" means that the following standard tools are not used in the proof: stochastic dynamics, thermodynamics, Boltzmann kinetic equations, and the correlation functions approach due to Bogolyubov.

  5. Euler-Lagrange coupling for porous parachute canopy analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Aquelet


    Full Text Available We apply a new Euler-Lagrange coupling method to 3-D parachute problems, which generally involve fluid-structure interactions between a flexible, elastic, porous parachute canopy and a high-speed airflow. The method presented couples an Arbitrary Lagrange Euler formulation for the fluid dynamics and an updated Lagrangian finite element formulation for the parachute canopy. The Euler-Lagrange coupling handles fluid-structure interaction without matching the fluid and structure meshes. In order to take account of the effect of the parachute permeability, this coupling computes interaction forces based on the Ergun porous flow model. This paper provides validations for the technique when considering parachute applications and discusses the interest of this development to the parachute designer.

  6. The Legacy of Leonhard Euler--A Tricentennial Tribute (United States)

    Debnath, Lokenath


    This tricentennial tribute commemorates Euler's major contributions to mathematical and physical sciences. A brief biographical sketch is presented with his major contributions to certain selected areas of number theory, differential and integral calculus, differential equations, solid and fluid mechanics, topology and graph theory, infinite…

  7. Integrability of dynamical systems algebra and analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Xiang


    This is the first book to systematically state the fundamental theory of integrability and its development of ordinary differential equations with emphasis on the Darboux theory of integrability and local integrability together with their applications. It summarizes the classical results of Darboux integrability and its modern development together with their related Darboux polynomials and their applications in the reduction of Liouville and elementary integrabilty and in the center—focus problem, the weakened Hilbert 16th problem on algebraic limit cycles and the global dynamical analysis of some realistic models in fields such as physics, mechanics and biology. Although it can be used as a textbook for graduate students in dynamical systems, it is intended as supplementary reading for graduate students from mathematics, physics, mechanics and engineering in courses related to the qualitative theory, bifurcation theory and the theory of integrability of dynamical systems.

  8. Geometry and dynamics of integrable systems

    CERN Document Server

    Matveev, Vladimir


    Based on lectures given at an advanced course on integrable systems at the Centre de Recerca Matemàtica in Barcelona, these lecture notes address three major aspects of integrable systems: obstructions to integrability from differential Galois theory; the description of singularities of integrable systems on the basis of their relation to bi-Hamiltonian systems; and the generalization of integrable systems to the non-Hamiltonian settings. All three sections were written by top experts in their respective fields. Native to actual problem-solving challenges in mechanics, the topic of integrable systems is currently at the crossroads of several disciplines in pure and applied mathematics, and also has important interactions with physics. The study of integrable systems also actively employs methods from differential geometry. Moreover, it is extremely important in symplectic geometry and Hamiltonian dynamics, and has strong correlations with mathematical physics, Lie theory and algebraic geometry (including mir...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saidin Ernas


    Full Text Available The social dynamics in post-conflict Ambon, Maluku, 1999-2004, indicated that even though people were segregated in the ​​Islamic-Christian areas, gradually social integration began to occur naturally. The process of integration that occurred also gave birth to new values ​​and inclusive views that give hope to future peace building. Using the theory of social integration of dynamic adaptation of the Parsonian structural-functional classic paradigm and combined with a qualitative research model, this study successfully formulated several important findings. First, social integration occurred in the city of Ambon could run naturally through economic interactions, consensus on political balance and inclusive religious spirit. In addition, the presence of public spaces such as offices, schools, malls and coffee shops served as a natural integration medium that is increasingly important in the dynamics of the society. Second, the new social integration has created an increasingly important meaning that leads to a model of active harmony characterized by a process of the increasingly active social interaction between different religions, as well as strengthening pluralism and multiculturalism insight due to campaign by educational institutions and civil society groups. Third, this study also reminds us that although there has been a process of the increasingly positive social integration in Ambon city, people still need to be aware of the growth of radical religious ideologies at a certain level, and also of strengthening identity politics in the long run that will potentially give birth to primordial and ethnocentric attitudes that are harmful to the development of peace.

  10. Integrating Pareto Optimization into Dynamic Programming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Gatter


    Full Text Available Pareto optimization combines independent objectives by computing the Pareto front of the search space, yielding a set of optima where none scores better on all objectives than any other. Recently, it was shown that Pareto optimization seamlessly integrates with algebraic dynamic programming: when scoring schemes A and B can correctly evaluate the search space via dynamic programming, then so can Pareto optimization with respect to A and B. However, the integration of Pareto optimization into dynamic programming opens a wide range of algorithmic alternatives, which we study in substantial detail in this article, using real-world applications in biosequence analysis, a field where dynamic programming is ubiquitous. Our results are two-fold: (1 We introduce the operation of a “Pareto algebra product” in the dynamic programming framework of Bellman’s GAP. Users of this framework can now ask for Pareto optimization with a single keystroke. Careful evaluation of the implementation alternatives by means of an extended Bellman’s GAP compiler demonstrates the dependence of the best implementation choice on the application at hand. (2 We extract from our experiments several pieces of advice to programmers who do not use a system such as Bellman’s GAP, but who choose to hand-craft their dynamic programming recurrences, incorporating Pareto optimization from scratch.

  11. Analogues of Euler and Poisson summation formulae

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 113; Issue 3. Analogues of Euler and Poisson Summation Formulae. Vivek V Rane. Volume 113 Issue 3 ... Keywords. Abel's summation formula; Euler summation formula; Euler–Maclaurin summation formula; Poisson's summation formula; Fourier series.

  12. Euler and His Contribution Number Theory (United States)

    Len, Amy; Scott, Paul


    Born in 1707, Leonhard Euler was the son of a Protestant minister from the vicinity of Basel, Switzerland. With the aim of pursuing a career in theology, Euler entered the University of Basel at the age of thirteen, where he was tutored in mathematics by Johann Bernoulli (of the famous Bernoulli family of mathematicians). He developed an interest…

  13. Some Relationships between the Analogs of Euler Numbers and Polynomials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim T


    Full Text Available We construct new twisted Euler polynomials and numbers. We also study the generating functions of the twisted Euler numbers and polynomials associated with their interpolation functions. Next we construct twisted Euler zeta function, twisted Hurwitz zeta function, twisted Dirichlet -Euler numbers and twisted Euler polynomials at non-positive integers, respectively. Furthermore, we find distribution relations of generalized twisted Euler numbers and polynomials. By numerical experiments, we demonstrate a remarkably regular structure of the complex roots of the twisted -Euler polynomials. Finally, we give a table for the solutions of the twisted -Euler polynomials.

  14. Some Relationships between the Analogs of Euler Numbers and Polynomials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. S. Ryoo


    Full Text Available We construct new twisted Euler polynomials and numbers. We also study the generating functions of the twisted Euler numbers and polynomials associated with their interpolation functions. Next we construct twisted Euler zeta function, twisted Hurwitz zeta function, twisted Dirichlet l-Euler numbers and twisted Euler polynomials at non-positive integers, respectively. Furthermore, we find distribution relations of generalized twisted Euler numbers and polynomials. By numerical experiments, we demonstrate a remarkably regular structure of the complex roots of the twisted q-Euler polynomials. Finally, we give a table for the solutions of the twisted q-Euler polynomials.

  15. Dynamics of Microvalve Operations in Integrated Microfluidics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan T. H. Lau


    Full Text Available Pneumatic microvalves are widely used key components for automating liquid manipulation and flow control in microfluidics for more than one decade. Due to their robust operations and the ease of fabrication, tremendous microfluidic systems have been developed with the multiple microvalves for higher throughput and extended functionalities. Therefore, operation performance of the microvalves in the integrated microfluidic devices is crucial to the related applications, in fields such as micro-flows, cell analyses, drug discovery, and physical/chemical detections. It has been reported that operation performance of the microvalves are highly sensitive to the device configuration and pressurization scheme. This implies the further development of integrated microfluidics with a larger number of the valves may suffer the problems of undetermined microvalve behaviors during operations, which can become an unavoidable hurdle in the device design and optimization processes. Herein, we characterize responses of the individual microvalves for different operation configurations, e.g., membrane thicknesses and driving pressures. We investigate also the effects in microfluidics integrated with the more valves, through experiments, modeling and simulations. We show that dynamics of the microvalves is indeed influenced by the configurations, levels of design complexity and positions in the devices. Overall, taken dynamics of the microvalve responses into considerations, this work provides insights and guidelines for better designs of integrated microfluidics for the future applications requiring higher throughput and improved operation performance.

  16. Nonlinear earthquake analysis of reinforced concrete frames with fiber and Bernoulli-Euler beam-column element. (United States)

    Karaton, Muhammet


    A beam-column element based on the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory is researched for nonlinear dynamic analysis of reinforced concrete (RC) structural element. Stiffness matrix of this element is obtained by using rigidity method. A solution technique that included nonlinear dynamic substructure procedure is developed for dynamic analyses of RC frames. A predicted-corrected form of the Bossak-α method is applied for dynamic integration scheme. A comparison of experimental data of a RC column element with numerical results, obtained from proposed solution technique, is studied for verification the numerical solutions. Furthermore, nonlinear cyclic analysis results of a portal reinforced concrete frame are achieved for comparing the proposed solution technique with Fibre element, based on flexibility method. However, seismic damage analyses of an 8-story RC frame structure with soft-story are investigated for cases of lumped/distributed mass and load. Damage region, propagation, and intensities according to both approaches are researched.

  17. Nonlinear Earthquake Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Frames with Fiber and Bernoulli-Euler Beam-Column Element

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammet Karaton


    Full Text Available A beam-column element based on the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory is researched for nonlinear dynamic analysis of reinforced concrete (RC structural element. Stiffness matrix of this element is obtained by using rigidity method. A solution technique that included nonlinear dynamic substructure procedure is developed for dynamic analyses of RC frames. A predicted-corrected form of the Bossak-α method is applied for dynamic integration scheme. A comparison of experimental data of a RC column element with numerical results, obtained from proposed solution technique, is studied for verification the numerical solutions. Furthermore, nonlinear cyclic analysis results of a portal reinforced concrete frame are achieved for comparing the proposed solution technique with Fibre element, based on flexibility method. However, seismic damage analyses of an 8-story RC frame structure with soft-story are investigated for cases of lumped/distributed mass and load. Damage region, propagation, and intensities according to both approaches are researched.

  18. Integrable topological billiards and equivalent dynamical systems (United States)

    Vedyushkina, V. V.; Fomenko, A. T.


    We consider several topological integrable billiards and prove that they are Liouville equivalent to many systems of rigid body dynamics. The proof uses the Fomenko-Zieschang theory of invariants of integrable systems. We study billiards bounded by arcs of confocal quadrics and their generalizations, generalized billiards, where the motion occurs on a locally planar surface obtained by gluing several planar domains isometrically along their boundaries, which are arcs of confocal quadrics. We describe two new classes of integrable billiards bounded by arcs of confocal quadrics, namely, non-compact billiards and generalized billiards obtained by gluing planar billiards along non-convex parts of their boundaries. We completely classify non-compact billiards bounded by arcs of confocal quadrics and study their topology using the Fomenko invariants that describe the bifurcations of singular leaves of the additional integral. We study the topology of isoenergy surfaces for some non-convex generalized billiards. It turns out that they possess exotic Liouville foliations: the integral trajectories of the billiard that lie on some singular leaves admit no continuous extension. Such billiards appear to be leafwise equivalent to billiards bounded by arcs of confocal quadrics in the Minkowski metric.

  19. EULER - A Real Virtual Library for Mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Jost, Michael


    The EULER project completed its work in November 2002. It forms the last part of a very successful project in the specialized but global discipline of mathematics. After a successful RTD project had created the technology, a take-up project has effectively exploited it to the point where its future is assured through a not-for-profit consortium. EULER is a European based, world class, real virtual library for mathematics with up-to-date technological solutions, well accepted by users. In particular, EULER provides a world reference and delivery service, transparent to the end user and offering full coverage of the mathematics literature world-wide, including bibliographic data, peer reviews and/or abstracts, indexing, classification and search, transparent access to library services, co-operation with commercial information providers (publishers, bookstores). The EULER services provide a gateway to the electronic catalogues and repositories of participating institutions, while the latter retain complete respo...

  20. Integrating plant carbon dynamics with mutualism ecology. (United States)

    Pringle, Elizabeth G


    Plants reward microbial and animal mutualists with carbohydrates to obtain nutrients, defense, pollination, and dispersal. Under a fixed carbon budget, plants must allocate carbon to their mutualists at the expense of allocation to growth, reproduction, or storage. Such carbon trade-offs are indirectly expressed when a plant exhibits reduced growth or fecundity in the presence of its mutualist. Because carbon regulates the costs of all plant mutualisms, carbon dynamics are a common platform for integrating these costs in the face of ecological complexity and context dependence. The ecophysiology of whole-plant carbon allocation could thus elucidate the ecology and evolution of plant mutualisms. If mutualisms are costly to plants, then they must be important but frequently underestimated sinks in the terrestrial carbon cycle. © 2015 The Author. New Phytologist © 2015 New Phytologist Trust.

  1. Euler-Poincare Reduction of Externall Forced Rigid Body Motion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafal; Kulczycki, P.


    If a mechanical system experiences symmetry, the Lagrangian becomes invariant under a certain group action. This property leads to substantial simplification of the description of movement. The standpoint in this article is a mechanical system affected by an external force of a control action....... Assuming that the system possesses symmetry and the configuration manifold corresponds to a Lie group, the Euler-Poincaré reduction breaks up the motion into separate equations of dynamics and kinematics. This becomes of particular interest for modelling, estimation and control of mechanical systems...

  2. Euler-Poincaré Reduction of a Rigid Body Motion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafal; Kulczycki, P.


    If a mechanical system experiences symmetry, the Lagrangian becomes invariant under a certain group action. This property leads to substantial simplification of the description of movement. The standpoint in this article is a mechanical system affected by an external force of a control action....... Assuming that the system possesses symmetry and the configuration manifold corresponds to a Lie group, the Euler-Poincaré reduction breaks up the motion into separate equations of dynamics and kinematics. This becomes of particular interest for modelling, estimation and control of mechanical systems...

  3. Euler-Poincare Reduction of a Rigid Body Motion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafal; Kulczycki, P.


    |If a mechanical system experiences symmetry, the Lagrangian becomes invariant under a certain group action. This property leads to substantial simplification of the description of movement. The standpoint in this article is a mechanical system afected by an external force of a control action....... Assuming that the system possesses symmetry and the configuration manifold corresponds to a Lie group, the Euler-Poincare reduction breaks up the motion into separate equations of dynamics and kinematics. This becomes of particular interest for modeling, estimation and control of mechanical systems...

  4. Large Scale Simulations of the Euler Equations on GPU Clusters

    KAUST Repository

    Liebmann, Manfred


    The paper investigates the scalability of a parallel Euler solver, using the Vijayasundaram method, on a GPU cluster with 32 Nvidia Geforce GTX 295 boards. The aim of this research is to enable large scale fluid dynamics simulations with up to one billion elements. We investigate communication protocols for the GPU cluster to compensate for the slow Gigabit Ethernet network between the GPU compute nodes and to maintain overall efficiency. A diesel engine intake-port and a nozzle, meshed in different resolutions, give good real world examples for the scalability tests on the GPU cluster. © 2010 IEEE.

  5. The path integral formulation of climate dynamics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Navarra

    Full Text Available The chaotic nature of the atmospheric dynamics has stimulated the applications of methods and ideas derived from statistical dynamics. For instance, ensemble systems are used to make weather predictions recently extensive, which are designed to sample the phase space around the initial condition. Such an approach has been shown to improve substantially the usefulness of the forecasts since it allows forecasters to issue probabilistic forecasts. These works have modified the dominant paradigm of the interpretation of the evolution of atmospheric flows (and oceanic motions to some extent attributing more importance to the probability distribution of the variables of interest rather than to a single representation. The ensemble experiments can be considered as crude attempts to estimate the evolution of the probability distribution of the climate variables, which turn out to be the only physical quantity relevant to practice. However, little work has been done on a direct modeling of the probability evolution itself. In this paper it is shown that it is possible to write the evolution of the probability distribution as a functional integral of the same kind introduced by Feynman in quantum mechanics, using some of the methods and results developed in statistical physics. The approach allows obtaining a formal solution to the Fokker-Planck equation corresponding to the Langevin-like equation of motion with noise. The method is very general and provides a framework generalizable to red noise, as well as to delaying differential equations, and even field equations, i.e., partial differential equations with noise, for example, general circulation models with noise. These concepts will be applied to an example taken from a simple ENSO model.

  6. Euler-Chelpin, Prof. Hans von

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Euler-Chelpin, Prof. Hans von. Nobel Laureate (Chemistry) - 1929. Date of birth: 15 February 1873. Date of death: 6 November 1964 ... Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and Outreach. Math and Finance ...

  7. Euler characteristic and quadrilaterals of normal surfaces

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Let be a compact 3-manifold with a triangulation . We give an inequality relating the Euler characteristic of a surface normally embedded in with the number of normal quadrilaterals in . This gives a relation between a topological invariant of the surface and a quantity derived from its combinatorial description.

  8. An Automatic Proof of Euler's Formula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Zhang


    Full Text Available In this information age, everything is digitalized. The encoding of functions and the automatic proof of functions are important. This paper will discuss the automatic calculation for Taylor expansion coefficients, as an example, it can be applied to prove Euler's formula automatically.

  9. A discontinuous Galerkin finite element discretization of the Euler equations for compressible and incompressible fluids

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pesch, L.; van der Vegt, Jacobus J.W.


    Using the generalized variable formulation of the Euler equations of fluid dynamics, we develop a numerical method that is capable of simulating the flow of fluids with widely differing thermodynamic behavior: ideal and real gases can be treated with the same method as an incompressible fluid. The

  10. Optimization of multi-response dynamic systems integrating multiple ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Optimization of multi-response dynamic systems integrating multiple regression and Taguchi's dynamic signal-to-noise ratio concept. ... International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology ... The proposed procedure is investigated with respect to three modelling approaches for the dynamic systems. The results of ...

  11. Stability analysis of the Euler discretization for SIR epidemic model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suryanto, Agus [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran Malang 65145 (Indonesia)


    In this paper we consider a discrete SIR epidemic model obtained by the Euler method. For that discrete model, existence of disease free equilibrium and endemic equilibrium is established. Sufficient conditions on the local asymptotical stability of both disease free equilibrium and endemic equilibrium are also derived. It is found that the local asymptotical stability of the existing equilibrium is achieved only for a small time step size h. If h is further increased and passes the critical value, then both equilibriums will lose their stability. Our numerical simulations show that a complex dynamical behavior such as bifurcation or chaos phenomenon will appear for relatively large h. Both analytical and numerical results show that the discrete SIR model has a richer dynamical behavior than its continuous counterpart.

  12. Leonhard Euler's Wave Theory of Light

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kurt Møller


    of achromatic lenses, the explanation of colors of thin plates and of the opaque bodies as proof of his theory. When it came to the fundamental issues, the correctness of his dispersion law and the prediction of frequencies of light he was not at all successful. His wave theory degenerated, and it was not until......Euler's wave theory of light developed from a mere description of this notion based on an analogy between sound and light to a more and more mathematical elaboration on that notion. He was very successful in predicting the shape of achromatic lenses based on a new dispersion law that we now know...... is wrong. Most of his mathematical arguments were, however, guesswork without any solid physical reasoning. Guesswork is not always a bad thing in physics if it leads to new experiments or makes the theory coherent with other theories. And Euler tried to find such experiments. He saw the construction...

  13. Generalized Euler Angles Viewed as Spherical Coordinates


    Brezov, Danail; Mladenova, Clementina; Mladenov, Ivaïlo


    Here we develop a specific factorization technique for rotations in $\\mathbb{R}^3$ into five factors about two or three fixed axes. Although not always providing the most efficient solution, the method allows for avoiding gimbal lock singularities and decouples the dependence on the invariant axis ${\\bf n}$ and the angle $\\phi$ of the compound rotation. In particular, the solutions in the classical Euler setting are given directly by the angle of rotation $\\phi$ and the coordinate...

  14. Formal First Integrals of General Dynamical Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia Jiao


    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is trying to make a complete study on the integrability for general analytic nonlinear systems by first integrals. We will firstly give an exhaustive discussion on analytic planar systems. Then a class of higher dimensional systems with invariant manifolds will be considered; we will develop several criteria for existence of formal integrals and give some applications to illustrate our results at last.

  15. Solving Nonlinear Euler Equations with Arbitrary Accuracy (United States)

    Dyson, Rodger W.


    A computer program that efficiently solves the time-dependent, nonlinear Euler equations in two dimensions to an arbitrarily high order of accuracy has been developed. The program implements a modified form of a prior arbitrary- accuracy simulation algorithm that is a member of the class of algorithms known in the art as modified expansion solution approximation (MESA) schemes. Whereas millions of lines of code were needed to implement the prior MESA algorithm, it is possible to implement the present MESA algorithm by use of one or a few pages of Fortran code, the exact amount depending on the specific application. The ability to solve the Euler equations to arbitrarily high accuracy is especially beneficial in simulations of aeroacoustic effects in settings in which fully nonlinear behavior is expected - for example, at stagnation points of fan blades, where linearizing assumptions break down. At these locations, it is necessary to solve the full nonlinear Euler equations, and inasmuch as the acoustical energy is of the order of 4 to 5 orders of magnitude below that of the mean flow, it is necessary to achieve an overall fractional error of less than 10-6 in order to faithfully simulate entropy, vortical, and acoustical waves.

  16. An Integrative Dynamical Systems Perspective on Emotions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Treur, J.


    Within cognitive, affective and social neuroscience more and more mechanisms are found that suggest how emotions relate in a bidirectional manner to many other mental processes and behaviour. Based on this, in this paper a neurologically inspired dynamical systems approach on the dynamics and

  17. Dynamic management of integrated residential energy systems (United States)

    Muratori, Matteo

    dissertation presents a bottom-up highly resolved model of a generic residential energy eco-system in the United States. The model is able to capture the entire energy footprint of an individual household, to include all appliances, space conditioning systems, in-home charging of plug-in electric vehicles, and any other energy needs, viewing residential and transportation energy needs as an integrated continuum. The residential energy eco-system model is based on a novel bottom-up approach that quantifies consumer energy use behavior. The incorporation of stochastic consumer behaviors allows capturing the electricity consumption of each residential specific end-use, providing an accurate estimation of the actual amount of available controllable resources, and for a better understanding of the potential of residential demand response programs. A dynamic energy management framework is then proposed to manage electricity consumption inside each residential energy eco-system. Objective of the dynamic energy management framework is to optimize the scheduling of all the controllable appliances and in-home charging of plug-in electric vehicles to minimize cost. Such an automated energy management framework is used to simulate residential demand response programs, and evaluate their impact on the electric power infrastructure. For instance, time-varying electricity pricing might lead to synchronization of the individual residential demands, creating pronounced rebound peaks in the aggregate demand that are higher and steeper than the original demand peaks that the time-varying electricity pricing structure intended to eliminate. The modeling tools developed in this study can serve as a virtual laboratory for investigating fundamental economic and policy-related questions regarding the interplay of individual consumers with energy use. The models developed allow for evaluating the impact of different energy policies, technology adoption, and electricity price structures on the total

  18. Prototype development and demonstration for integrated dynamic transit operations. (United States)


    This document serves as the Final Report specific to the Integrated Dynamic Transit Operations (IDTO) Prototype Development and Deployment Project, hereafter referred to as IDTO Prototype Deployment or IDTO PD project. This project was performed unde...

  19. Nonlinear Dynamics: Maps, Integrators and Solitons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parsa, Z.


    For many physical systems of interest in various disciplines, the solution to nonlinear differential equations describing the physical systems can be generated using maps, symplectic integrators and solitons. We discuss these methods and apply them for various examples.

  20. Encoding the Scaling of the Cosmological Variables with the Euler Beta Function (United States)

    Per, M. A.; Seguí, A. J.

    We study the scaling exponents for the expanding isotropic flat cosmological models. The dimension of space, the equation of state of the cosmic fluid and the scaling exponent for a physical variable are related by the Euler Beta function that controls the singular behavior of the global integrals. We encounter dual cosmological scenarios using the properties of the Beta function. When we study the integral of the density of entropy we reproduce the Fischler-Susskind holographic bound.

  1. Small energy traveling waves for the Euler-Korteweg system (United States)

    Audiard, Corentin


    We investigate the existence and properties of traveling waves for the Euler-Korteweg system with general capillarity and pressure. Our main result is the existence in dimension two of waves with arbitrarily small energies. They are obtained as minimizers of a modified energy with fixed momentum. The proof builds upon various ideas developed for the Gross-Pitaevskii equation (and more generally nonlinear Schrödinger equations with non zero limit at infinity). Even in the Schrödinger case, the fact that we work with the hydrodynamical variables and a general pressure law both brings new difficulties and some simplifications. Independently, in dimension one we prove that the criterion for the linear instability of traveling waves from Benzoni-Gavage (2013 Differ. Integral Equ. 26 439-85) actually implies nonlinear instability.

  2. State estimation for integrated vehicle dynamics control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zuurbier, J.; Bremmer, P.


    This paper discusses a vehicle controller and a state estimator that was implemented and tested in a vehicle equipped with a combined braking and chassis control system to improve handling. The vehicle dynamics controller consists of a feed forward body roll compensation and a feedback stability

  3. Euler European Libraries and Electronic Resources in Mathematical Sciences

    CERN Document Server

    The Euler Project. Karlsruhe

    The European Libraries and Electronic Resources (EULER) Project in Mathematical Sciences provides the EulerService site for searching out "mathematical resources such as books, pre-prints, web-pages, abstracts, proceedings, serials, technical reports preprints) and NetLab (for Internet resources), this outstanding engine is capable of simple, full, and refined searches. It also offers a browse option, which responds to entries in the author, keyword, and title fields. Further information about the Project is provided at the EULER homepage.

  4. A dynamic integrated fault diagnosis method for power transformers. (United States)

    Gao, Wensheng; Bai, Cuifen; Liu, Tong


    In order to diagnose transformer fault efficiently and accurately, a dynamic integrated fault diagnosis method based on Bayesian network is proposed in this paper. First, an integrated fault diagnosis model is established based on the causal relationship among abnormal working conditions, failure modes, and failure symptoms of transformers, aimed at obtaining the most possible failure mode. And then considering the evidence input into the diagnosis model is gradually acquired and the fault diagnosis process in reality is multistep, a dynamic fault diagnosis mechanism is proposed based on the integrated fault diagnosis model. Different from the existing one-step diagnosis mechanism, it includes a multistep evidence-selection process, which gives the most effective diagnostic test to be performed in next step. Therefore, it can reduce unnecessary diagnostic tests and improve the accuracy and efficiency of diagnosis. Finally, the dynamic integrated fault diagnosis method is applied to actual cases, and the validity of this method is verified.

  5. A Dynamic Integrated Fault Diagnosis Method for Power Transformers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wensheng Gao


    Full Text Available In order to diagnose transformer fault efficiently and accurately, a dynamic integrated fault diagnosis method based on Bayesian network is proposed in this paper. First, an integrated fault diagnosis model is established based on the causal relationship among abnormal working conditions, failure modes, and failure symptoms of transformers, aimed at obtaining the most possible failure mode. And then considering the evidence input into the diagnosis model is gradually acquired and the fault diagnosis process in reality is multistep, a dynamic fault diagnosis mechanism is proposed based on the integrated fault diagnosis model. Different from the existing one-step diagnosis mechanism, it includes a multistep evidence-selection process, which gives the most effective diagnostic test to be performed in next step. Therefore, it can reduce unnecessary diagnostic tests and improve the accuracy and efficiency of diagnosis. Finally, the dynamic integrated fault diagnosis method is applied to actual cases, and the validity of this method is verified.

  6. Finite element Euler computations in three dimensions (United States)

    Peraire, Jaime; Peiro, Joaquin; Formaggia, Luca; Morgan, Ken; Zienkiewicz, Olgierd C.


    A two-step explicit FEM solution algorithm for the three-dimensional compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes equations based on unstructured triangular and tetrahedral grids is described and demonstrated. The method represents an extension and refinement of the algorithms presented by Loehner et al. (1984 and 1985), Peraire et al. (1987), and Morgan et al. (1987). The formulation and numerical implementation are outlined; the mesh generation, data structures, and adaptive remeshing are explained; and results for a two-dimensional airfoil, a three-dimensional engine air intake, a B747 in landing configuration, and a generic fighter aircraft are presented in extensive graphics and discussed in detail.

  7. Stochastic Euler-Poincaré reduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnaudon, Marc, E-mail: [Institut de Mathématiques de Bordeaux (UMR 5251) Université Bordeaux 1 351, Cours de la Libération F33405 TALENCE Cedex (France); Chen, Xin, E-mail: [Grupo de Física-Matemática Univ. Lisboa, Av.Prof. Gama Pinto 2 1649-003 Lisboa (Portugal); Cruzeiro, Ana Bela, E-mail: [GFMUL and Dep. de Matemática Instituto Superior Técnico (UL), Av. Rovisco Pais 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)


    We prove a Euler-Poincaré reduction theorem for stochastic processes taking values on a Lie group, which is a generalization of the reduction argument for the deterministic case [J. E. Marsden and T. S. Ratiu, Introduction to Mechanics and Symmetry: A Basic Exposition of Classical Mechanical Systems, Texts in Applied Mathematics (Springer, 2003)]. We also show examples of its application to SO(3) and to the group of diffeomorphisms, which includes the Navier-Stokes equation on a bounded domain and the Camassa-Holm equation.

  8. Dynamics of Timber Market Integration in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishal Chandr Jaunky


    Full Text Available This paper addresses the performance of the timber markets (Scots pine, Pinus silvestris L. and Norway spruce, Picea abies (L. Karst. by evaluating the order of market integration in three Swedish regions (Central, Northern, and Southern. Quarterly data of delivery prices are employed over the period 1999Q1–2012Q4. Various unit root and cointegration tests have been computed. The results indicate that the variables are integrated of first order and co-integrated, especially after controlling for structural breaks. This supports the law-of-one-price hypothesis (LOP. However, the effects of structural shocks on forestry are arguably significant and these are controlled for while performing a vector error-correction mechanism (VECM-based Granger-causality test. Bi-directional causality between the Northern and central markets is uncovered in the short-run. In the long-run, a similar causal effect is detected between Northern and Southern markets while the central market emerges as the price leader. Further investigation is carried out using variance decompositions and impulse response functions and these approaches also tend to confirm the existence of a single market well, as price interdependence between markets.

  9. Improving the Precision and Speed of Euler Angles Computation from Low-Cost Rotation Sensor Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleš Janota


    Full Text Available This article compares three different algorithms used to compute Euler angles from data obtained by the angular rate sensor (e.g., MEMS gyroscope—the algorithms based on a rotational matrix, on transforming angular velocity to time derivations of the Euler angles and on unit quaternion expressing rotation. Algorithms are compared by their computational efficiency and accuracy of Euler angles estimation. If attitude of the object is computed only from data obtained by the gyroscope, the quaternion-based algorithm seems to be most suitable (having similar accuracy as the matrix-based algorithm, but taking approx. 30% less clock cycles on the 8-bit microcomputer. Integration of the Euler angles’ time derivations has a singularity, therefore is not accurate at full range of object’s attitude. Since the error in every real gyroscope system tends to increase with time due to its offset and thermal drift, we also propose some measures based on compensation by additional sensors (a magnetic compass and accelerometer. Vector data of mentioned secondary sensors has to be transformed into the inertial frame of reference. While transformation of the vector by the matrix is slightly faster than doing the same by quaternion, the compensated sensor system utilizing a matrix-based algorithm can be approximately 10% faster than the system utilizing quaternions (depending on implementation and hardware.

  10. Efficient construction of unified continuous and discontinuous Galerkin formulations for the 3D Euler equations (United States)

    Abdi, Daniel S.; Giraldo, Francis X.


    A unified approach for the numerical solution of the 3D hyperbolic Euler equations using high order methods, namely continuous Galerkin (CG) and discontinuous Galerkin (DG) methods, is presented. First, we examine how classical CG that uses a global storage scheme can be constructed within the DG framework using constraint imposition techniques commonly used in the finite element literature. Then, we implement and test a simplified version in the Non-hydrostatic Unified Model of the Atmosphere (NUMA) for the case of explicit time integration and a diagonal mass matrix. Constructing CG within the DG framework allows CG to benefit from the desirable properties of DG such as, easier hp-refinement, better stability etc. Moreover, this representation allows for regional mixing of CG and DG depending on the flow regime in an area. The different flavors of CG and DG in the unified implementation are then tested for accuracy and performance using a suite of benchmark problems representative of cloud-resolving scale, meso-scale and global-scale atmospheric dynamics. The value of our unified approach is that we are able to show how to carry both CG and DG methods within the same code and also offer a simple recipe for modifying an existing CG code to DG and vice versa.

  11. Dynamic kirigami structures for integrated solar tracking. (United States)

    Lamoureux, Aaron; Lee, Kyusang; Shlian, Matthew; Forrest, Stephen R; Shtein, Max


    Optical tracking is often combined with conventional flat panel solar cells to maximize electrical power generation over the course of a day. However, conventional trackers are complex and often require costly and cumbersome structural components to support system weight. Here we use kirigami (the art of paper cutting) to realize novel solar cells where tracking is integral to the structure at the substrate level. Specifically, an elegant cut pattern is made in thin-film gallium arsenide solar cells, which are then stretched to produce an array of tilted surface elements which can be controlled to within ±1°. We analyze the combined optical and mechanical properties of the tracking system, and demonstrate a mechanically robust system with optical tracking efficiencies matching conventional trackers. This design suggests a pathway towards enabling new applications for solar tracking, as well as inspiring a broader range of optoelectronic and mechanical devices.

  12. The Dynamics of Naval Power System with Integrator Proportional and Derivative Integrator Proportional Regulators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florentiu Deliu


    Full Text Available The essay analyses the dynamics activity of the naval power system regulators using the integrator proportional and derivative integrator proportional regulators, system that provides the necessary energy for ship consumers so that the voltage and the frequency is always within nominal values.

  13. An integrated dynamic weighing system based on SCADA


    Piotr Bazydlo; Roman Szewczyk; Michal Urbanski


    A prototyped dynamic weighing system has been presented which integrates together three advanced software environments: MATLAB, LabVIEW and iFIX SCADA. They were used for advanced signal processing, data acquisition, as well as visualization and process control. Dynamic weighing is a constantly developing field of metrology. Because of the highly complicated structure of any electronic weighing module, it is vulnerable to many sources of environmental disturbances. For this reason, there is a...

  14. Leonhard Euler and his contributions to fluid mechanics (United States)

    Salas, M. D.


    The career of Leonhard Euler, one of the world's most gifted scientists, is reviewed. The paper focuses on Euler's contributions to fluid mechanics and gives a perspective of how this science was born. A bibliography is included to provide the history enthusiast with a starting point for further study.

  15. A review of propeller modelling techniques based on Euler methods

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zondervan, G.J.D.


    Future generation civil aircraft will be powered by new, highly efficient propeller propulsion systems. New, advanced design tools like Euler methods will be needed in the design process of these aircraft. This report describes the application of Euler methods to the modelling of flowfields

  16. Multipliers for the absolute Euler summability of Fourier series

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Springer Verlag Heidelberg #4 2048 1996 Dec 15 10:16:45

    Multipliers; absolute summability; summability of factored Fourier series; absolute Euler summability. 1. ... In 1968, Mohanty and Mohapatra [12] began the study of absolute Euler summability of. Fourier series by proving the ..... (q > 0) summable. In the case when δ is non-zero real number, we define f (t ) =.. log δ k.

  17. Conservation of energy for the Euler-Korteweg equations

    KAUST Repository

    Dębiec, Tomasz


    In this article we study the principle of energy conservation for the Euler-Korteweg system. We formulate an Onsager-type sufficient regularity condition for weak solutions of the Euler-Korteweg system to conserve the total energy. The result applies to the system of Quantum Hydrodynamics.

  18. Quantum tunneling splittings from path-integral molecular dynamics (United States)

    Mátyus, Edit; Wales, David J.; Althorpe, Stuart C.


    We illustrate how path-integral molecular dynamics can be used to calculate ground-state tunnelling splittings in molecules or clusters. The method obtains the splittings from ratios of density matrix elements between the degenerate wells connected by the tunnelling. We propose a simple thermodynamic integration scheme for evaluating these elements. Numerical tests on fully dimensional malonaldehyde yield tunnelling splittings in good overall agreement with the results of diffusion Monte Carlo calculations.

  19. Preliminary Investigations of Challenges in Dynamic Integration of Heterogeneous Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makaziwe Makamba


    Full Text Available The progress of technology prompted the proliferation of services. Services are distinct, loosely coupled units of functionalities that are self-contained. These services are however developed by various vendors without following appropriate standards. However, the need for interoperability and reusability prompts the need for service integration. Service integration is not a new arena but emphasis is mostly on homogeneous services. However, the challenge lies on the integration of heterogeneous services to enforce reusability and maximize Total Cost of Deployment (TCD and Total Cost of Ownership (TCO at organization level. The issue of service integration has become critical, due to the increase of these diverse services as they have different platforms, architecture and use different programming languages. The current methods of integrating heterogeneous services are manual integration methods. Therefore, the challenge with the current methods is time consumption, lack of flexibility, cost (TCO and TCD, total time to development, because the process is manual. In this paper, we explore the challenges regarding dynamic integration of heterogeneous services and identify key issues that need to be addressed, in order to develop a successful mechanism that will enable dynamic integration of heterogeneous services.

  20. Noether symmetries and exact solutions of an Euler-Bernoulli beam model (United States)

    Fatima, Aeeman; Mahomed, Fazal M.; Khalique, Chaudry Masood


    In this paper, a Noether symmetry analysis is carried out for an Euler-Bernoulli beam equation via the standard Lagrangian of its reduced scalar second-order equation which arises from the standard Lagrangian of the fourth-order beam equation via its Noether integrals. The Noether symmetries corresponding to the reduced equation is shown to be the inherited Noether symmetries of the standard Lagrangian of the beam equation. The corresponding Noether integrals of the reduced Euler-Lagrange equations are deduced which remarkably allows for three families of new exact solutions of the static beam equation. These are shown to contain all the previous solutions obtained from the standard Lie analysis and more.

  1. Multi-dimensional Fuzzy Euler Approximation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yangyang Hao


    Full Text Available Multi-dimensional Fuzzy differential equations driven by multi-dimen-sional Liu process, have been intensively applied in many fields. However, we can not obtain the analytic solution of every multi-dimensional fuzzy differential equation. Then, it is necessary for us to discuss the numerical results in most situations. This paper focuses on the numerical method of multi-dimensional fuzzy differential equations. The multi-dimensional fuzzy Taylor expansion is given, based on this expansion, a numerical method which is designed for giving the solution of multi-dimensional fuzzy differential equation via multi-dimensional Euler method will be presented, and its local convergence also will be discussed.

  2. The dynamics of multimodal integration: The averaging diffusion model. (United States)

    Turner, Brandon M; Gao, Juan; Koenig, Scott; Palfy, Dylan; L McClelland, James


    We combine extant theories of evidence accumulation and multi-modal integration to develop an integrated framework for modeling multimodal integration as a process that unfolds in real time. Many studies have formulated sensory processing as a dynamic process where noisy samples of evidence are accumulated until a decision is made. However, these studies are often limited to a single sensory modality. Studies of multimodal stimulus integration have focused on how best to combine different sources of information to elicit a judgment. These studies are often limited to a single time point, typically after the integration process has occurred. We address these limitations by combining the two approaches. Experimentally, we present data that allow us to study the time course of evidence accumulation within each of the visual and auditory domains as well as in a bimodal condition. Theoretically, we develop a new Averaging Diffusion Model in which the decision variable is the mean rather than the sum of evidence samples and use it as a base for comparing three alternative models of multimodal integration, allowing us to assess the optimality of this integration. The outcome reveals rich individual differences in multimodal integration: while some subjects' data are consistent with adaptive optimal integration, reweighting sources of evidence as their relative reliability changes during evidence integration, others exhibit patterns inconsistent with optimality.

  3. Multifunctional optomechanical dynamics in integrated silicon photonics (United States)

    Li, Huan

    Light can generate forces on matter. The nature of these forces is electromagnetic force, or Lorentz force. The emergence and rapid progress of nanotechnology provided an unprecedented platform where the very feeble optical forces began to play significant roles. The interactions between light and matter in nanoscale has been the focus of almost a decade of active theoretical and experimental investigations, which are still ongoing and constitute a whole new burgeoning branch of nanotechnology, nano-optomechanical systems (NOMS). In such context, the general goal of my research is to generate, enhance and control optical forces on silicon photonics platforms, with a focus on developing new functionalities and demonstrating novel effects, which will potentially lead to a new class of silicon photonic devices for a broad spectrum of applications. In this dissertation, the concept of optical force and the general background of the NOMS research area are first introduced. The general goal of the silicon photonics research area and the research presented in this dissertation is then described. Subsequently, the fundamental theory for optical force is summarized. The different methods to calculate optical forces are enumerated and briefly reviewed. Integrated hybrid plasmonic waveguide (HPWG) devices have been successfully fabricated and the enhanced optical forces experimentally measured for the first time. All-optical amplification of RF signals has been successfully demonstrated. The optical force generated by one laser is used to mechanically change the optical path and hence the output power of another laser. In addition, completely optically tunable mechanical nonlinear behavior has been demonstrated for the first time and systematically studied. Optomechanical photon shuttling between photonic cavities has been demonstrated with a "photon see-saw" device. This photon see-saw is a novel multicavity optomechanical device which consists of two photonic crystal

  4. Towards better integrators for dissipative particle dynamics simulations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Besold, Gerhard; Vattulainen, Ilpo Tapio; Karttunen, Mikko


    Coarse-grained models that preserve hydrodynamics provide a natural approach to study collective properties of soft-matter systems. Here, we demonstrate that commonly used integration schemes in dissipative particle dynamics give rise to pronounced artifacts in physical quantities such as the com...

  5. Integrated vehicle dynamics control using State Dependent Riccati Equations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonsen, B.; Mansvelders, R.; Vermeer, E.


    In this paper we discuss a State Dependent Riccati Equations (SDRE) solution for Integrated Vehicle Dynamics Control (IVDC). The SDRE approach is a nonlinear variant of the well known Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) and implements a quadratic cost function optimization. A modified version of this

  6. The inheritance of dynamic and deontic integrity constraints

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wieringa, Roelf J.; Weigand, H.; Meyer, J.J.C.; Dignum, F.P.M.


    In [18,23], we presented a language for the specification of static, dynamic and deontic integrity constraints (IC's) for conceptual models (CM's). An important problem not discussed in that paper is how IC's are inherited in a taxonomic network of types. For example, if students are permitted to

  7. Symbolic-Numeric Integration of the Dynamical Cosserat Equations

    KAUST Repository

    Lyakhov, Dmitry A.


    We devise a symbolic-numeric approach to the integration of the dynamical part of the Cosserat equations, a system of nonlinear partial differential equations describing the mechanical behavior of slender structures, like fibers and rods. This is based on our previous results on the construction of a closed form general solution to the kinematic part of the Cosserat system. Our approach combines methods of numerical exponential integration and symbolic integration of the intermediate system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations describing the dynamics of one of the arbitrary vector-functions in the general solution of the kinematic part in terms of the module of the twist vector-function. We present an experimental comparison with the well-established generalized \\\\alpha -method illustrating the computational efficiency of our approach for problems in structural mechanics.

  8. Fractional Euler-Lagrange Equations Applied to Oscillatory Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Adriani David


    Full Text Available In this paper, we applied the Riemann-Liouville approach and the fractional Euler-Lagrange equations in order to obtain the fractional nonlinear dynamic equations involving two classical physical applications: “Simple Pendulum” and the “Spring-Mass-Damper System” to both integer order calculus (IOC and fractional order calculus (FOC approaches. The numerical simulations were conducted and the time histories and pseudo-phase portraits presented. Both systems, the one that already had a damping behavior (Spring-Mass-Damper and the system that did not present any sort of damping behavior (Simple Pendulum, showed signs indicating a possible better capacity of attenuation of their respective oscillation amplitudes. This implication could mean that if the selection of the order of the derivative is conveniently made, systems that need greater intensities of damping or vibrating absorbers may benefit from using fractional order in dynamics and possibly in control of the aforementioned systems. Thereafter, we believe that the results described in this paper may offer greater insights into the complex behavior of these systems, and thus instigate more research efforts in this direction.

  9. A novel bit-quad-based Euler number computing algorithm. (United States)

    Yao, Bin; He, Lifeng; Kang, Shiying; Chao, Yuyan; Zhao, Xiao


    The Euler number of a binary image is an important topological property in computer vision and pattern recognition. This paper proposes a novel bit-quad-based Euler number computing algorithm. Based on graph theory and analysis on bit-quad patterns, our algorithm only needs to count two bit-quad patterns. Moreover, by use of the information obtained during processing the previous bit-quad, the average number of pixels to be checked for processing a bit-quad is only 1.75. Experimental results demonstrated that our method outperforms significantly conventional Euler number computing algorithms.

  10. Beyond the Euler characteristic: Approximating the genus of general graphs


    Kawarabayashi, Ken-ichi; Sidiropoulos, Anastasios


    Computing the Euler genus of a graph is a fundamental problem in graph theory and topology. It has been shown to be NP-hard by [Thomassen '89] and a linear-time fixed-parameter algorithm has been obtained by [Mohar '99]. Despite extensive study, the approximability of the Euler genus remains wide open. While the existence of an $O(1)$-approximation is not ruled out, the currently best-known upper bound is a trivial $O(n/g)$-approximation that follows from bounds on the Euler characteristic. I...

  11. A Hochschild homology Euler characteristic for circle actions


    Geoghegan, Ross; Nicas, Andrew


    We define a "circle Euler characteristic" of a circle action on a compact manifold or finite complex X. It lies in the first Hochschild homology group of ZG where G is the fundamental group of X. It is analogous in many ways to the ordinary Euler characteristic. One application is an intuitively satisfying formula for the Euler class (integer coefficients) of the normal bundle to a smooth circle action without fixed points on a manifold. In the special case of a 3-dimensional Seifert fibered ...

  12. Extremely Fast Numerical Integration of Ocean Surface Wave Dynamics (United States)


    Extremely Fast Numerical Integration of Ocean Surface Wave Dynamics A. R. Osborne Dipartimento di Fisica Generale , Università di Torino Via...WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Dipartimento di Fisica Generale , Universit?i Torino,Via Pietro Giuria 1, The approach may be viewed as a generalization of linear Fourier analysis and is loosely referred to as "Nonlinear Fourier Analysis or

  13. Parametric design and analysis framework with integrated dynamic models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Negendahl, Kristoffer


    In the wake of uncompromising requirements on building performance and the current emphasis on sustainability, including building energy and indoor environment, designing buildings involves elements of expertise of multiple disciplines. However, building performance analyses, including those...... control with the building designer. Consequence based design is defined by the specific use of integrated dynamic modeling, which includes the parametric capabilities of a scripting tool and building simulation features of a building performance simulation tool. The framework can lead to enhanced...

  14. Integrating Cisco contact center and microsoft dynamics CRM


    Šemrl, Gregor


    This diploma thesis discusses integration of two information technology systems, customer relationship management system (CRM) and contact center system. The first part of this thesis covers basic concepts of customer relationship management systems (CRM) with focus on Microsoft Dynamics CRM 4.0. The second part of this thesis discusses basic concepts of contact center solutions, more specifically Cisco Unified Contact Center Express 5.0 (CUCC). The main part of this diploma thesis focuse...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available We analyze the main trends of the national economy and the dynamics of wages in Ukraine and other postsocialist countries in terms of the prospects of Ukraine's integration into the European economic and social space. The estimation of the impact of the wage indices for the welfare of citizens. The basic factors of Ukraine’s backlog in terms of wages from other countries and the possibilities and prospects of solving this problem are determined

  16. New integrable problems in a rigid body dynamics with cubic integral in velocities (United States)

    Elmandouh, A. A.


    We introduce a new family of the 2D integrable mechanical system possessing an additional integral of the third degree in velocities. This system contains 20 arbitrary parameters. We also clarify that the majority of the previous systems with a cubic integral can be reconstructed from it as a special version for certain values of those parameters. The applications of this system are extended to include the problem of motion of a particle and rigid body about its fixed point. We announce new integrable problems describing the motion of a particle in the plane, pseudosphere, and surfaces of variable curvature. We also present a new integrable problem in a rigid body dynamics and this problem generalizes some of the previous results for Sokolov-Tsiganov, Yehia, Stretensky, and Goriachev.

  17. An Integrated Dynamic Weighing System Based on SCADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Bazydło


    Full Text Available A prototyped dynamic weighing system has been presented which integrates together three advanced software environments: MATLAB, LabVIEW and iFIX SCADA. They were used for advanced signal processing, data acquisition, as well as visualization and process control. Dynamic weighing is a constantly developing field of metrology. Because of the highly complicated structure of any electronic weighing module, it is vulnerable to many sources of environmental disturbances. For this reason, there is a lot of research concerned with weighing signal processing, mechanical matters and functionality of the system. In the paper, some issues connected with dynamic weighing have been presented, and the necessity of implementing signal processing methods has been discussed. Implementation of this feature is impossible in the majority of SCADA systems. The integration of the three environments mentioned above is an attempt to create an industrial system with capabilities to deal with major dynamic weighing problems. It is innovative because it connects the industrial SCADA, laboratory/industrial product LabVIEW and MATLAB. In addition, the algorithms responsible for process control and data exchange are presented. The paper includes a description of the capabilities, performance tests, as well as benefits and drawbacks, of the system. The outcome of the research is a prototyped system and evaluation of its usefulness. (original abstract

  18. Grid Integration and Dynamic Impact of Wind Energy

    CERN Document Server

    Vittal, Vijay


    Grid Integration and Dynamic Impact of Wind Energy details the integration of wind energy resources to the electric grid worldwide. Authors Vijay Vittal and Raja Ayyanar include detailed coverage of the power converters and control used in interfacing electric machines and power converters used in wind generators, and extensive descriptions of power systems operation and control to accommodate large penetration of wind resources. Key concepts will be illustrated through extensive power electronics and power systems simulations using software like MATLAB, Simulink and PLECS. The book addresses real world problems and solutions in the area of grid integration of wind resources, and will be a valuable resource for engineers and researchers working in renewable energy and power.

  19. Distributed Energy Resources and Dynamic Microgrid: An Integrated Assessment (United States)

    Shang, Duo Rick

    The overall goal of this thesis is to improve understanding in terms of the benefit of DERs to both utility and to electricity end-users when integrated in power distribution system. To achieve this goal, a series of two studies was conducted to assess the value of DERs when integrated with new power paradigms. First, the arbitrage value of DERs was examined in markets with time-variant electricity pricing rates (e.g., time of use, real time pricing) under a smart grid distribution paradigm. This study uses a stochastic optimization model to estimate the potential profit from electricity price arbitrage over a five-year period. The optimization process involves two types of PHEVs (PHEV-10, and PHEV-40) under three scenarios with different assumptions on technology performance, electricity market and PHEV owner types. The simulation results indicate that expected arbitrage profit is not a viable option to engage PHEVs in dispatching and in providing ancillary services without more favorable policy and PHEV battery technologies. Subsidy or change in electricity tariff or both are needed. Second, it examined the concept of dynamic microgrid as a measure to improve distribution resilience, and estimates the prices of this emerging service. An economic load dispatch (ELD) model is developed to estimate the market-clearing price in a hypothetical community with single bid auction electricity market. The results show that the electricity market clearing price on the dynamic microgrid is predominantly decided by power output and cost of electricity of each type of DGs. At circumstances where CHP is the only source, the electricity market clearing price in the island is even cheaper than the on-grid electricity price at normal times. Integration of PHEVs in the dynamic microgrid will increase electricity market clearing prices. It demonstrates that dynamic microgrid is an economically viable alternative to enhance grid resilience.

  20. Determination of regional Euler pole parameters for Eastern Austria (United States)

    Umnig, Elke; Weber, Robert; Schartner, Matthias; Brueckl, Ewald


    The horizontal motion of lithospheric plates can be described as rotations around a rotation axes through the Earth's center. The two possible points where this axes intersects the surface of the Earth are called Euler poles. The rotation is expressed by the Euler parameters in terms of angular velocities together with the latitude and longitude of the Euler pole. Euler parameters were calculated from GPS data for a study area in Eastern Austria. The observation network is located along the Mur-Mürz Valley and the Vienna Basin. This zone is part of the Vienna Transfer Fault, which is the major fault system between the Eastern Alps and the Carpathians. The project ALPAACT (seismological and geodetic monitoring of ALpine-PAnnonian ACtive Tectonics) investigated intra plate tectonic movements within the Austrian part in order to estimate the seismic hazard. Precise site coordinate time series established from processing 5 years of GPS observations are available for the regional network spanning the years from 2010.0 to 2015.0. Station velocities with respect to the global reference frame ITRF2008 have been computed for 23 sites. The common Euler vector was estimated on base of a subset of reliable site velocities, for stations directly located within the area of interest. In a further step a geokinematic interpretation shall be carried out. Therefore site motions with respect to the Eurasian Plate are requested. To obtain this motion field different variants are conceivable. In a simple approach the mean ITRF2008 velocity of IGS site GRAZ can be adopted as Eurasian rotational velocity. An improved alternative is to calculate site-specific velocity differences between the Euler rotation and the individual site velocities. In this poster presentation the Euler parameters, the residual motion field as well as first geokinematic interpretation results are presented.

  1. The gas dynamics of explosions

    CERN Document Server

    Lee,\tJohn H S


    Explosions, and the non-steady shock propagation associated with them, continue to interest researchers working in different fields of physics and engineering (such as astrophysics and fusion). Based on the author's course in shock dynamics, this book describes the various analytical methods developed to determine non-steady shock propagation. These methods offer a simple alternative to the direct numerical integration of the Euler equations and offer a better insight into the physics of the problem. Professor Lee presents the subject systematically and in a style that is accessible to graduate students and researchers working in shock dynamics, combustion, high-speed aerodynamics, propulsion and related topics.

  2. Symmetries and first integrals of some differential equations of dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eliezer, C.J.


    The theme of this paper is the study of the symmetry properties of some differential equations of dynamics, and of the construction of first integrals. For the time-dependent harmonic oscillator the Lewis invariant provides a quadratic function which is a constant of motion. Different derivatives are considered with a view to assigning some physical meaning to the invariant and to the function rho(t) in terms of which the invariant is expressed. Lie's theory of differential equations, which until recently has been sadly neglected in comparison with his other pioneering works, is applied to consider groups of point transformations which leave invariant the equations of motion. For the time-dependent oscillator, an eight-parameter Lie group is obtained. A five-parameter Noether sub-group leaves also the action function invariant. Some results concerning the symmetries of the Kepler problem are also reported. Dynamical symmetries, not covered by point transformations, are briefly discussed.

  3. Dynamic properties of high structural integrity auxetic open cell foam (United States)

    Scarpa, F.; Ciffo, L. G.; Yates, J. R.


    This paper illustrates various dynamic characteristics of open cell compliant polyurethane foam with auxetic (negative Poisson's ratio) behaviour. The foam is obtained from off-the-shelf open cell polyurethane grey foam with a manufacturing process based on mechanical deformation on a mould in a temperature-controlled oven. The Poisson's ratio is measured with an image processing technique based on edge detection with wavelet methods. Foam samples have been tested in a viscoelastic analyser tensile test machine to determine the Young's modulus and loss factor for small dynamic strains. The same samples have also been tested in an acoustic impedance tube to measure acoustic absorption and specific acoustic resistance and reactance with a transmissibility technique. Another set of tests has been set up on a cam plastometer machine for constant strain rate dynamic crushing analysis. All the tests have been carried out on auxetic and normal foam samples to provide a comparison between the two types of cellular solids. The results from the experimental tests are discussed and interpreted using microstructure models for cellular materials existing in the literature. The negative Poisson's ratio foam presented in this paper shows an overall superiority regarding damping and acoustic properties compared to the original conventional foam. Its dynamic crushing performance is also significantly superior to the normal foam, suggesting a possible use in structural integrity compliant elements.

  4. Social Group Dynamics and Patterns of Latin American Integration Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Dubé


    Full Text Available This article proposes to incorporate social psychology elements with mainstream political science and international relations theories to help understand the contradictions related to the integration processes in Latin America. Through a theoretical analysis, it contributes to the challenge proposed by Dabène (2009 to explain the “resilience” of the Latin American regional integration process in spite of its “instability and crises.” Our main proposition calls for considering Latin America as a community and its regional organizations as “social groups.” In conclusion, three phenomena from the field of social psychology and particularly social group dynamics shed light on these contradictory patterns: the value of the group and the emotional bond, groupthink, and cognitive dissonance.

  5. Parallel/Vector Integration Methods for Dynamical Astronomy (United States)

    Fukushima, Toshio


    This paper reviews three recent works on the numerical methods to integrate ordinary differential equations (ODE), which are specially designed for parallel, vector, and/or multi-processor-unit(PU) computers. The first is the Picard-Chebyshev method (Fukushima, 1997a). It obtains a global solution of ODE in the form of Chebyshev polynomial of large (> 1000) degree by applying the Picard iteration repeatedly. The iteration converges for smooth problems and/or perturbed dynamics. The method runs around 100-1000 times faster in the vector mode than in the scalar mode of a certain computer with vector processors (Fukushima, 1997b). The second is a parallelization of a symplectic integrator (Saha et al., 1997). It regards the implicit midpoint rules covering thousands of timesteps as large-scale nonlinear equations and solves them by the fixed-point iteration. The method is applicable to Hamiltonian systems and is expected to lead an acceleration factor of around 50 in parallel computers with more than 1000 PUs. The last is a parallelization of the extrapolation method (Ito and Fukushima, 1997). It performs trial integrations in parallel. Also the trial integrations are further accelerated by balancing computational load among PUs by the technique of folding. The method is all-purpose and achieves an acceleration factor of around 3.5 by using several PUs. Finally, we give a perspective on the parallelization of some implicit integrators which require multiple corrections in solving implicit formulas like the implicit Hermitian integrators (Makino and Aarseth, 1992), (Hut et al., 1995) or the implicit symmetric multistep methods (Fukushima, 1998), (Fukushima, 1999).

  6. Integrating atomistic molecular dynamics simulations, experiments, and network analysis to study protein dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Papaleo, Elena


    that we observe and the functional properties of these important cellular machines. To make progresses in this direction, we need to improve the physical models used to describe proteins and solvent in molecular dynamics, as well as to strengthen the integration of experiments and simulations to overcome...... simulations with attention to the effects that can be propagated over long distances and are often associated to important biological functions. In this context, approaches inspired by network analysis can make an important contribution to the analysis of molecular dynamics simulations....

  7. Riemannian metrics on 2D manifolds related to the Euler-Poinsot rigid body problem (United States)

    Bonnard, Bernard; Cots, Olivier; Pomet, Jean-Baptiste; Shcherbakova, Nataliya


    The Euler-Poinsot rigid body motion is a standard mechanical system and it is a model for left-invariant Riemannian metrics on SO(3). In this article using the Serret-Andoyer variables we parameterize the solutions and compute the Jacobi fields in relation with the conjugate locus evaluation. Moreover, the metric can be restricted to a 2D-surface, and the conjugate points of this metric are evaluated using recent works on surfaces of revolution. Another related 2D-metric on S^2 associated to the dynamics of spin particles with Ising coupling is analysed using both geometric techniques and numerical simulations.

  8. A Version of the Euler Equation in Discounted Markov Decision Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Cruz-Suárez


    Full Text Available This paper deals with Markov decision processes (MDPs on Euclidean spaces with an infinite horizon. An approach to study this kind of MDPs is using the dynamic programming technique (DP. Then the optimal value function is characterized through the value iteration functions. The paper provides conditions that guarantee the convergence of maximizers of the value iteration functions to the optimal policy. Then, using the Euler equation and an envelope formula, the optimal solution of the optimal control problem is obtained. Finally, this theory is applied to a linear-quadratic control problem in order to find its optimal policy.

  9. Euler-Poincaré Reduction of Externally Forced Rigid Body Motion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafal; Kulczycki, P.


    If a mechanical system experiences symmetry, the Lagrangian becomes invariant under a certain group action. This property leads to substantial simplification of the description of movement. The standpoint in this article is a mechanical system affected by an external force of a control action....... Assuming that the system possesses symmetry and the configuration manifold corresponds to a Lie group, the Euler-Poincaré reduction breaks up the motion into separate equations of dynamics and kinematics. This becomes of particular interest for modelling, estimation and control of mechanical systems...

  10. Euler-Lagrange CFD modelling of unconfined gas mixing in anaerobic digestion. (United States)

    Dapelo, Davide; Alberini, Federico; Bridgeman, John


    A novel Euler-Lagrangian (EL) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) finite volume-based model to simulate the gas mixing of sludge for anaerobic digestion is developed and described. Fluid motion is driven by momentum transfer from bubbles to liquid. Model validation is undertaken by assessing the flow field in a labscale model with particle image velocimetry (PIV). Conclusions are drawn about the upscaling and applicability of the model to full-scale problems, and recommendations are given for optimum application. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. A System Dynamics Model for Integrated Decision Making ... (United States)

    EPA’s Sustainable and Healthy Communities Research Program (SHC) is conducting transdisciplinary research to inform and empower decision-makers. EPA tools and approaches are being developed to enable communities to effectively weigh and integrate human health, socioeconomic, environmental, and ecological factors into their decisions to promote community sustainability. To help achieve this goal, EPA researchers have developed systems approaches to account for the linkages among resources, assets, and outcomes managed by a community. System dynamics (SD) is a member of the family of systems approaches and provides a framework for dynamic modeling that can assist with assessing and understanding complex issues across multiple dimensions. To test the utility of such tools when applied to a real-world situation, the EPA has developed a prototype SD model for community sustainability using the proposed Durham-Orange Light Rail Project (D-O LRP) as a case study.The EPA D-O LRP SD modeling team chose the proposed D-O LRP to demonstrate that an integrated modeling approach could represent the multitude of related cross-sectoral decisions that would be made and the cascading impacts that could result from a light rail transit system connecting Durham and Chapel Hill, NC. In keeping with the SHC vision described above, the proposal for the light rail is a starting point solution for the more intractable problems of population growth, unsustainable land use, environmenta

  12. Structure-preserving integrators in nonlinear structural dynamics and flexible multibody dynamics

    CERN Document Server


    This book focuses on structure-preserving numerical methods for flexible multibody dynamics, including nonlinear elastodynamics and geometrically exact models for beams and shells. It also deals with the newly emerging class of variational integrators as well as Lie-group integrators. It discusses two alternative approaches to the discretization in space of nonlinear beams and shells. Firstly, geometrically exact formulations, which are typically used in the finite element community and, secondly, the absolute nodal coordinate formulation, which is popular in the multibody dynamics community. Concerning the discretization in time, the energy-momentum method and its energy-decaying variants are discussed. It also addresses a number of issues that have arisen in the wake of the structure-preserving discretization in space. Among them are the parameterization of finite rotations, the incorporation of algebraic constraints and the computer implementation of the various numerical methods. The practical application...

  13. Euler polynomials and identities for non-commutative operators (United States)

    De Angelis, Valerio; Vignat, Christophe


    Three kinds of identities involving non-commutating operators and Euler and Bernoulli polynomials are studied. The first identity, as given by Bender and Bettencourt [Phys. Rev. D 54(12), 7710-7723 (1996)], expresses the nested commutator of the Hamiltonian and momentum operators as the commutator of the momentum and the shifted Euler polynomial of the Hamiltonian. The second one, by Pain [J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 46, 035304 (2013)], links the commutators and anti-commutators of the monomials of the position and momentum operators. The third appears in a work by Figuieira de Morisson and Fring [J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 39, 9269 (2006)] in the context of non-Hermitian Hamiltonian systems. In each case, we provide several proofs and extensions of these identities that highlight the role of Euler and Bernoulli polynomials.

  14. Dr. Euler's fabulous formula Cures many mathematical ills

    CERN Document Server

    Nahin, Paul J


    I used to think math was no fun'Cause I couldn't see how it was doneNow Euler's my heroFor I now see why zeroEquals e[pi] i+1--Paul Nahin, electrical engineer In the mid-eighteenth century, Swiss-born mathematician Leonhard Euler developed a formula so innovative and complex that it continues to inspire research, discussion, and even the occasional limerick. Dr. Euler's Fabulous Formula shares the fascinating story of this groundbreaking formula--long regarded as the gold standard for mathematical beauty--and shows why it still lies at the heart of complex number theory. This book is the seque

  15. Euler's pioneering equation the most beautiful theorem in mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, Robin


    In 1988 The Mathematical Intelligencer, a quarterly mathematics journal, carried out a poll to find the most beautiful theorem in mathematics. Twenty-four theorems were listed and readers were invited to award each a 'score for beauty'. While there were many worthy competitors, the winner was 'Euler's equation'. In 2004 Physics World carried out a similar poll of 'greatest equations', and found that among physicists Euler's mathematical result came second only to Maxwell's equations. The Stanford mathematician Keith Devlin reflected the feelings of many in describing it as "like a Shakespearian sonnet that captures the very essence of love, or a painting which brings out the beauty of the human form that is far more than just skin deep, Euler's equation reaches down into the very depths of existence."

  16. Global existence of weak solutions to the three-dimensional Euler equations with helical symmetry (United States)

    Jiu, Quansen; Li, Jun; Niu, Dongjuan


    In this paper, we mainly investigate the weak solutions of the three-dimensional incompressible Euler equations with helical symmetry in the whole space when the helical swirl vanishes. Specifically, we establish the global existence of weak solutions when the initial vorticity lies in L1 ∩Lp with p > 1. Our result extends the previous work [2], where the initial vorticity is compactly supported and belongs to Lp with p > 4 / 3. The key ingredient in this paper involves the explicit analysis of Biot-Savart law with helical symmetry in domain R2 × [ - π , π ] via the theories of singular integral operators and second order elliptic equations.

  17. Illuminating the dynamics of signal integration in Natural Killer cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Victoria Pageon


    Full Text Available Natural Killer (NK cell responses are shaped by the integration of signals transduced from multiple activating and inhibitory receptors at their surface. Biochemical and genetic approaches have identified most of the key proteins involved in signal integration but a major challenge remains in understanding how the spatial and temporal dynamics of their interactions lead to NK cells responding appropriately when encountering ligands on target cells. Well over a decade of research using fluorescence microscopy has revealed much about the architecture of the NK cell immune synapse – the structured interface between NK cells and target cells - and how it varies when inhibition or activation is the outcome of signal integration. However, key questions – such as the proximity of individual activating and inhibitory receptors – have remained unanswered because the resolution of optical microscopy has been insufficient, being limited by diffraction. Recent developments in fluorescence microscopy have broken this limit, seeding new opportunities for studying the nanometre-scale organisation of the NK cell immune synapse. Here, we discuss how these new imaging technologies, including super-resolution imaging and other novel light-based methods, can illuminate our understanding of NK cell biology.

  18. On the Euler angles for SU(N)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerchiai, Bianca L; Bertini, S.; Cacciatori, Sergio L.


    In this paper we reconsider the problem of the Euler parametrization for the unitary groups. After constructing the generic group element in terms of generalized angles, we compute the invariant measure on SU(N) and then we determine the full range of the parameters, using both topological and geometrical methods. In particular, we show that the given parametrization realizes the group SU(N+1) as a fibration of U(N) over the complex projective space CP{sup n}. This justifies the interpretation of the parameters as generalized Euler angles.

  19. Development of an Output-based Adaptive Method for Multi-Dimensional Euler and Navier-Stokes Simulations (United States)

    Darmofal, David L.


    The use of computational simulations in the prediction of complex aerodynamic flows is becoming increasingly prevalent in the design process within the aerospace industry. Continuing advancements in both computing technology and algorithmic development are ultimately leading to attempts at simulating ever-larger, more complex problems. However, by increasing the reliance on computational simulations in the design cycle, we must also increase the accuracy of these simulations in order to maintain or improve the reliability arid safety of the resulting aircraft. At the same time, large-scale computational simulations must be made more affordable so that their potential benefits can be fully realized within the design cycle. Thus, a continuing need exists for increasing the accuracy and efficiency of computational algorithms such that computational fluid dynamics can become a viable tool in the design of more reliable, safer aircraft. The objective of this research was the development of an error estimation and grid adaptive strategy for reducing simulation errors in integral outputs (functionals) such as lift or drag from from multi-dimensional Euler and Navier-Stokes simulations. In this final report, we summarize our work during this grant.

  20. Enzymes: An integrated view of structure, dynamics and function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agarwal Pratul K


    Full Text Available Abstract Microbes utilize enzymes to perform a variety of functions. Enzymes are biocatalysts working as highly efficient machines at the molecular level. In the past, enzymes have been viewed as static entities and their function has been explained on the basis of direct structural interactions between the enzyme and the substrate. A variety of experimental and computational techniques, however, continue to reveal that proteins are dynamically active machines, with various parts exhibiting internal motions at a wide range of time-scales. Increasing evidence also indicates that these internal protein motions play a role in promoting protein function such as enzyme catalysis. Moreover, the thermodynamical fluctuations of the solvent, surrounding the protein, have an impact on internal protein motions and, therefore, on enzyme function. In this review, we describe recent biochemical and theoretical investigations of internal protein dynamics linked to enzyme catalysis. In the enzyme cyclophilin A, investigations have lead to the discovery of a network of protein vibrations promoting catalysis. Cyclophilin A catalyzes peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerization in a variety of peptide and protein substrates. Recent studies of cyclophilin A are discussed in detail and other enzymes (dihydrofolate reductase and liver alcohol dehydrogenase where similar discoveries have been reported are also briefly discussed. The detailed characterization of the discovered networks indicates that protein dynamics plays a role in rate-enhancement achieved by enzymes. An integrated view of enzyme structure, dynamics and function have wide implications in understanding allosteric and co-operative effects, as well as protein engineering of more efficient enzymes and novel drug design.

  1. Improving basic math skills through integrated dynamic representation strategies. (United States)

    González-Castro, Paloma; Cueli, Marisol; Cabeza, Lourdes; Álvarez-García, David; Rodríguez, Celestino


    In this paper, we analyze the effectiveness of the Integrated Dynamic Representation strategy (IDR) to develop basic math skills. The study involved 72 students, aged between 6 and 8 years. We compared the development of informal basic skills (numbers, comparison, informal calculation, and informal concepts) and formal (conventionalisms, number facts, formal calculus, and formal concepts) in an experimental group (n = 35) where we applied the IDR strategy and in a Control group (n = 37) in order to identify the impact of the procedure. The experimental group improved significantly in all variables except for number facts and formal calculus. It can therefore be concluded that IDR favors the development of the skills more closely related to applied mathematics than those related to automatic mathematics and mental arithmetic.

  2. Classical and quantum dynamics from classical paths to path integrals

    CERN Document Server

    Dittrich, Walter


    Graduate students who wish to become familiar with advanced computational strategies in classical and quantum dynamics will find in this book both the fundamentals of a standard course and a detailed treatment of the time-dependent oscillator, Chern-Simons mechanics, the Maslov anomaly and the Berry phase, to name just a few topics. Well-chosen and detailed examples illustrate perturbation theory, canonical transformations and the action principle, and demonstrate the usage of path integrals. The fifth edition has been revised and enlarged to include chapters on quantum electrodynamics, in particular, Schwinger’s proper time method and the treatment of classical and quantum mechanics with Lie brackets and pseudocanonical transformations. It is shown that operator quantum electrodynamics can be equivalently described with c-numbers, as demonstrated by calculating the propagation function for an electron in a prescribed classical electromagnetic field.

  3. comparison of euler-lagrangian and fischer's methods of predicting

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Mar 1, 2013 ... Keywords: dispersion coefficient, euler-lagrangian method, analysis, comparison. 1. Introduction. Mixing and dispersion phenomenon that occur as natural processes in river system help to reduce the local pollution level considerably by distributing the dissolved substances gradually with time [1, 2]. The.

  4. Euler Chern Simons Gravity from Lovelock Born Infeld Gravity


    Izaurieta, F.; Rodriguez, E.; Salgado, P.


    In the context of a gauge theoretical formulation, higher dimensional gravity invariant under the AdS group is dimensionally reduced to Euler-Chern-Simons gravity. The dimensional reduction procedure of Grignani-Nardelli [Phys. Lett. B 300, 38 (1993)] is generalized so as to permit reducing D-dimensional Lanczos Lovelock gravity to d=D-1 dimensions.

  5. Newton's Laws, Euler's Laws and the Speed of Light (United States)

    Whitaker, Stephen


    Chemical engineering students begin their studies of mechanics in a department of physics where they are introduced to the mechanics of Newton. The approach presented by physicists differs in both perspective and substance from that encountered in chemical engineering courses where Euler's laws provide the foundation for studies of fluid and solid…

  6. Weak solutions for Euler systems with non-local interactions

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Carrillo, J. A.; Feireisl, Eduard; Gwiazda, P.; Swierczewska-Gwiazda, A.


    Roč. 95, č. 3 (2017), s. 705-724 ISSN 0024-6107 EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 320078 - MATHEF Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : Euler system * dissipative solutions * Newtonian interaction Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.895, year: 2016

  7. Euler potentials for the MHD Kamchatnov-Hopf soliton solution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Semenov, VS; Korovinski, DB; Biernat, HK


    In the MHD description of plasma phenomena the concept of magnetic helicity turns out to be very useful. We present here an example of introducing Euler potentials into a topological MHD soliton which has non-trivial helicity. The MHD soliton solution (Kamchatnov, 1982) is based on the Hopf

  8. Non-Linear Vibration of Euler-Bernoulli Beams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barari, Amin; Kaliji, H. D.; Domairry, G.


    In this paper, variational iteration (VIM) and parametrized perturbation (PPM)methods have been used to investigate non-linear vibration of Euler-Bernoulli beams subjected to the axial loads. The proposed methods do not require small parameter in the equation which is difficult to be found...

  9. Euler Teaches a Class in Structural Steel Design (United States)

    Boyajian, David M.


    Even before steel was a topic of formal study for structural engineers, the brilliant eighteenth century Swiss mathematician and physicist, Leonhard Euler (1707-1783), investigated the theory governing the elastic behaviour of columns, the results of which are incorporated into the American Institute of Steel Construction's (AISC's) Bible: the…

  10. Multipliers for the absolute Euler summability of Fourier series

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In this paper, the author has investigated necessary and sufficient conditions for the absolute Euler summability of the Fourier series with multipliers. These conditions are weaker than those obtained earlier by some workers. It is further shown that the multipliers are best possible in certain sense.

  11. Euler's Identity, Leibniz Tables, and the Irrationality of Pi (United States)

    Jones, Timothy W.


    Using techniques that show that e and pi are transcendental, we give a short, elementary proof that pi is irrational based on Euler's identity. The proof involves evaluations of a polynomial using repeated applications of Leibniz formula as organized in a Leibniz table.

  12. Euler y la Conjetura de Fermat sobre Números Triangulares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Sánchez Muñoz


    Full Text Available Este artículo describe la historia de como Euler demostró la existencia de infinitos números triangulares bicuadráticos, desde su correspondencia con su amigo Christian Goldbach hasta la publicación de sus resultados en la Academia de San Petesburgo.

  13. Euler characteristics, Fubini's theorem, and the Riemann-Hurwitz formula


    Morrow, Matthew


    We relate Fubini's theorem for Euler characteristics to Riemann-Hurwtiz formulae, and reprove a classical result of Iversen. The techniques used include algebraic geometry, complex geometry, and model theory. Possible applications to the study of wild ramification in finite characteristic are discussed.

  14. Human growth and body weight dynamics: an integrative systems model. (United States)

    Rahmandad, Hazhir


    Quantifying human weight and height dynamics due to growth, aging, and energy balance can inform clinical practice and policy analysis. This paper presents the first mechanism-based model spanning full individual life and capturing changes in body weight, composition and height. Integrating previous empirical and modeling findings and validated against several additional empirical studies, the model replicates key trends in human growth including A) Changes in energy requirements from birth to old ages. B) Short and long-term dynamics of body weight and composition. C) Stunted growth with chronic malnutrition and potential for catch up growth. From obesity policy analysis to treating malnutrition and tracking growth trajectories, the model can address diverse policy questions. For example I find that even without further rise in obesity, the gap between healthy and actual Body Mass Indexes (BMIs) has embedded, for different population groups, a surplus of 14%-24% in energy intake which will be a source of significant inertia in obesity trends. In another analysis, energy deficit percentage needed to reduce BMI by one unit is found to be relatively constant across ages. Accompanying documented and freely available simulation model facilitates diverse applications customized to different sub-populations.

  15. Nonlinear Analysis and Intelligent Control of Integrated Vehicle Dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Huang


    Full Text Available With increasing and more stringent requirements for advanced vehicle integration, including vehicle dynamics and control, traditional control and optimization strategies may not qualify for many applications. This is because, among other factors, they do not consider the nonlinear characteristics of practical systems. Moreover, the vehicle wheel model has some inadequacies regarding the sideslip angle, road adhesion coefficient, vertical load, and velocity. In this paper, an adaptive neural wheel network is introduced, and the interaction between the lateral and vertical dynamics of the vehicle is analyzed. By means of nonlinear analyses such as the use of a bifurcation diagram and the Lyapunov exponent, the vehicle is shown to exhibit complicated motions with increasing forward speed. Furthermore, electric power steering (EPS and active suspension system (ASS, which are based on intelligent control, are used to reduce the nonlinear effect, and a negotiation algorithm is designed to manage the interdependences and conflicts among handling stability, driving smoothness, and safety. Further, a rapid control prototype was built using the hardware-in-the-loop simulation platform dSPACE and used to conduct a real vehicle test. The results of the test were consistent with those of the simulation, thereby validating the proposed control.

  16. Integrated approach to monitor water dynamics with drones (United States)

    Raymaekers, Dries; De Keukelaere, Liesbeth; Knaeps, Els; Strackx, Gert; Decrop, Boudewijn; Bollen, Mark


    Remote sensing has been used for more than 20 years to estimate water quality in the open ocean and study the evolution of vegetation on land. More recently big improvements have been made to extend these practices to coastal and inland waters, opening new monitoring opportunities, eg. monitoring the impact of dredging activities on the aquatic environment. While satellite sensors can provide complete coverage and historical information of the study area, they are limited in their temporal revisit time and spatial resolution. Therefore, deployment of drones can create an added value and in combination with satellite information increase insights in the dynamics and actors of coastal and aquatic systems. Drones have the advantages of monitoring at high spatial detail (cm scale), with high frequency and are flexible. One of the important water quality parameters is the suspended sediment concentration. However, retrieving sediment concentrations from unmanned systems is a challenging task. The sediment dynamics in the port of Breskens, the Netherlands, were investigated by combining information retrieved from different data sources: satellite, drone and in-situ data were collected, analysed and inserted in sediment models. As such, historical (satellite), near-real time (drone) and predictive (sediment models) information, integrated in a spatial data infrastructure, allow to perform data analysis and can support decision makers.

  17. Dynamic integration of remote cloud resources into local computing clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fleig, Georg; Erli, Guenther; Giffels, Manuel; Hauth, Thomas; Quast, Guenter; Schnepf, Matthias [Institut fuer Experimentelle Kernphysik, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany)


    In modern high-energy physics (HEP) experiments enormous amounts of data are analyzed and simulated. Traditionally dedicated HEP computing centers are built or extended to meet this steadily increasing demand for computing resources. Nowadays it is more reasonable and more flexible to utilize computing power at remote data centers providing regular cloud services to users as they can be operated in a more efficient manner. This approach uses virtualization and allows the HEP community to run virtual machines containing a dedicated operating system and transparent access to the required software stack on almost any cloud site. The dynamic management of virtual machines depending on the demand for computing power is essential for cost efficient operation and sharing of resources with other communities. For this purpose the EKP developed the on-demand cloud manager ROCED for dynamic instantiation and integration of virtualized worker nodes into the institute's computing cluster. This contribution will report on the concept of our cloud manager and the implementation utilizing a remote OpenStack cloud site and a shared HPC center (bwForCluster located in Freiburg).

  18. Integrated dynamic landscape analysis and modeling system (IDLAMS) : installation manual.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Z.; Majerus, K. A.; Sundell, R. C.; Sydelko, P. J.; Vogt, M. C.


    The Integrated Dynamic Landscape Analysis and Modeling System (IDLAMS) is a prototype, integrated land management technology developed through a joint effort between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and the US Army Corps of Engineers Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (USACERL). Dr. Ronald C. Sundell, Ms. Pamela J. Sydelko, and Ms. Kimberly A. Majerus were the principal investigators (PIs) for this project. Dr. Zhian Li was the primary software developer. Dr. Jeffrey M. Keisler, Mr. Christopher M. Klaus, and Mr. Michael C. Vogt developed the decision analysis component of this project. It was developed with funding support from the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP), a land/environmental stewardship research program with participation from the US Department of Defense (DoD), the US Department of Energy (DOE), and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). IDLAMS predicts land conditions (e.g., vegetation, wildlife habitats, and erosion status) by simulating changes in military land ecosystems for given training intensities and land management practices. It can be used by military land managers to help predict the future ecological condition for a given land use based on land management scenarios of various levels of training intensity. It also can be used as a tool to help land managers compare different land management practices and further determine a set of land management activities and prescriptions that best suit the needs of a specific military installation.

  19. A note on Euler number and polynomials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Seoung-Dong


    Full Text Available We investigate some properties of non-Archimedean integration which is defined by Kim. By using our results in this paper, we can give an answer to the problem which is introduced by I.-C. Huang and S.-Y. Huang in 1999.

  20. Flutter analysis of a supersonic cascade in time domain using an ADI Euler solver (United States)

    Reddy, T. S. R.; Bakhle, M. A.; Huff, D. L.


    The aeroelastic stability of a two-dimensional cascade oscillating in supersonic axial flow is analyzed in the time domain. The aeroelastic model consists of a single degree of freedom typical section structural model for each blade of the cascade and an unsteady two-dimensional cascade aerodynamic model based on the Euler equations. The Euler equations are solved using a time accurate Alternating Direction Implicit (ADI) solution scheme. The aeroelastic equations are integrated in time. The effect of interblade phase angle is included in the aeroelastic analysis by an appropriate choice of initial and boundary conditions. Flutter predictions are obtained from the time response of a flat plate cascade in single degree of freedom pitching motion. The results correlate well with those obtained from a separate frequency domain flutter analysis for all values of interblade phase angles considered. Flutter results are then presented for cascades having airfoil sections representative of a supersonic throughflow fan. The validity of the time integration method for a cascade of airfoils at various interblade phase angles is demonstrated.

  1. Transonic flutter analysis of an AGARD 445.6 wing in the frequency domain using the Euler method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bocheng Zhang


    Full Text Available A method based on the Euler equations is proposed for solving transonic flutter problems. The transonic nonlinear flow field with local shock wave/boundary layer interaction is obtained by the Euler/boundary layer equations, and the aerodynamic forces are converted from the time domain to the frequency domain using system identification techniques. The structural dynamic equations in generalized coordinates are adopted for solving structure problems. The method is validated by a flutter boundary prediction of the AGARD 445.6 wing model. The simulation results show that the method presented in this paper is accurate for the prediction of transonic flutter boundary through comparison with experimental data and other simulation results. Furthermore, the present frequency domain method is also much more efficient than the time domain method.

  2. Investigation of challenges in dynamic integration of heterogeneous services

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Makamba, M


    Full Text Available standards. However, the need for interoperability and reusability prompts the need for service integration. Service integration is not a new arena but emphasis is mostly on homogeneous services. However, the challenge lies on the integration of heterogeneous...

  3. Integrated system dynamics toolbox for water resources planning.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reno, Marissa Devan; Passell, Howard David; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Peplinski, William J.; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Coursey, Don (University of Chicago, Chicago, IL); Hanson, Jason (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Grimsrud, Kristine (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Thacher, Jennifer (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Broadbent, Craig (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Brookshire, David (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Chemak, Janie (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Cockerill, Kristan (Cockeril Consulting, Boone, NC); Aragon, Carlos (New Mexico Univeristy of Technology and Mining (NM-TECH), Socorro, NM); Hallett, Heather (New Mexico Univeristy of Technology and Mining (NM-TECH), Socorro, NM); Vivoni, Enrique (New Mexico Univeristy of Technology and Mining (NM-TECH), Socorro, NM); Roach, Jesse


    Public mediated resource planning is quickly becoming the norm rather than the exception. Unfortunately, supporting tools are lacking that interactively engage the public in the decision-making process and integrate over the myriad values that influence water policy. In the pages of this report we document the first steps toward developing a specialized decision framework to meet this need; specifically, a modular and generic resource-planning ''toolbox''. The technical challenge lies in the integration of the disparate systems of hydrology, ecology, climate, demographics, economics, policy and law, each of which influence the supply and demand for water. Specifically, these systems, their associated processes, and most importantly the constitutive relations that link them must be identified, abstracted, and quantified. For this reason, the toolbox forms a collection of process modules and constitutive relations that the analyst can ''swap'' in and out to model the physical and social systems unique to their problem. This toolbox with all of its modules is developed within the common computational platform of system dynamics linked to a Geographical Information System (GIS). Development of this resource-planning toolbox represents an important foundational element of the proposed interagency center for Computer Aided Dispute Resolution (CADRe). The Center's mission is to manage water conflict through the application of computer-aided collaborative decision-making methods. The Center will promote the use of decision-support technologies within collaborative stakeholder processes to help stakeholders find common ground and create mutually beneficial water management solutions. The Center will also serve to develop new methods and technologies to help federal, state and local water managers find innovative and balanced solutions to the nation's most vexing water problems. The toolbox is an important step toward

  4. Architecture for Integrated Medical Model Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment (United States)

    Jaworske, D. A.; Myers, J. G.; Goodenow, D.; Young, M.; Arellano, J. D.


    Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) is a modeling tool used to predict potential outcomes of a complex system based on a statistical understanding of many initiating events. Utilizing a Monte Carlo method, thousands of instances of the model are considered and outcomes are collected. PRA is considered static, utilizing probabilities alone to calculate outcomes. Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment (dPRA) is an advanced concept where modeling predicts the outcomes of a complex system based not only on the probabilities of many initiating events, but also on a progression of dependencies brought about by progressing down a time line. Events are placed in a single time line, adding each event to a queue, as managed by a planner. Progression down the time line is guided by rules, as managed by a scheduler. The recently developed Integrated Medical Model (IMM) summarizes astronaut health as governed by the probabilities of medical events and mitigation strategies. Managing the software architecture process provides a systematic means of creating, documenting, and communicating a software design early in the development process. The software architecture process begins with establishing requirements and the design is then derived from the requirements.

  5. Integrating population dynamics into mapping human exposure to seismic hazard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Freire


    Full Text Available Disaster risk is not fully characterized without taking into account vulnerability and population exposure. Assessment of earthquake risk in urban areas would benefit from considering the variation of population distribution at more detailed spatial and temporal scales, and from a more explicit integration of this improved demographic data with existing seismic hazard maps. In the present work, "intelligent" dasymetric mapping is used to model population dynamics at high spatial resolution in order to benefit the analysis of spatio-temporal exposure to earthquake hazard in a metropolitan area. These night- and daytime-specific population densities are then classified and combined with seismic intensity levels to derive new spatially-explicit four-class-composite maps of human exposure. The presented approach enables a more thorough assessment of population exposure to earthquake hazard. Results show that there are significantly more people potentially at risk in the daytime period, demonstrating the shifting nature of population exposure in the daily cycle and the need to move beyond conventional residence-based demographic data sources to improve risk analyses. The proposed fine-scale maps of human exposure to seismic intensity are mainly aimed at benefiting visualization and communication of earthquake risk, but can be valuable in all phases of the disaster management process where knowledge of population densities is relevant for decision-making.

  6. DyNAMiC Workbench: an integrated development environment for dynamic DNA nanotechnology. (United States)

    Grun, Casey; Werfel, Justin; Zhang, David Yu; Yin, Peng


    Dynamic DNA nanotechnology provides a promising avenue for implementing sophisticated assembly processes, mechanical behaviours, sensing and computation at the nanoscale. However, design of these systems is complex and error-prone, because the need to control the kinetic pathway of a system greatly increases the number of design constraints and possible failure modes for the system. Previous tools have automated some parts of the design workflow, but an integrated solution is lacking. Here, we present software implementing a three 'tier' design process: a high-level visual programming language is used to describe systems, a molecular compiler builds a DNA implementation and nucleotide sequences are generated and optimized. Additionally, our software includes tools for analysing and 'debugging' the designs in silico, and for importing/exporting designs to other commonly used software systems. The software we present is built on many existing pieces of software, but is integrated into a single package—accessible using a Web-based interface at We hope that the deep integration between tools and the flexibility of this design process will lead to better experimental results, fewer experimental design iterations and the development of more complex DNA nanosystems. © 2015 The Authors.

  7. Euler Technology Assessment program for preliminary aircraft design employing SPLITFLOW code with Cartesian unstructured grid method (United States)

    Finley, Dennis B.


    This report documents results from the Euler Technology Assessment program. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of Euler computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes for use in preliminary aircraft design. Both the accuracy of the predictions and the rapidity of calculations were to be assessed. This portion of the study was conducted by Lockheed Fort Worth Company, using a recently developed in-house Cartesian-grid code called SPLITFLOW. The Cartesian grid technique offers several advantages for this study, including ease of volume grid generation and reduced number of cells compared to other grid schemes. SPLITFLOW also includes grid adaptation of the volume grid during the solution convergence to resolve high-gradient flow regions. This proved beneficial in resolving the large vortical structures in the flow for several configurations examined in the present study. The SPLITFLOW code predictions of the configuration forces and moments are shown to be adequate for preliminary design analysis, including predictions of sideslip effects and the effects of geometry variations at low and high angles of attack. The time required to generate the results from initial surface definition is on the order of several hours, including grid generation, which is compatible with the needs of the design environment.

  8. Orthonormal quaternion frames, Lagrangian evolution equations, and the three-dimensional Euler equations (United States)

    Gibbon, John


    More than 160 years after their invention by Hamilton, quaternions are now widely used in the aerospace and computer animation industries to track the orientation and paths of moving objects undergoing three-axis rotations. Here it is shown that they provide a natural way of selecting an appropriate orthonormal frame—designated the quaternion-frame—for a particle in a Lagrangian flow, and of obtaining the equations for its dynamics. How these ideas can be applied to the three-dimensional Euler fluid equations is then considered. This work has some bearing on the issue of whether the Euler equations develop a singularity in a finite time. Some of the literature on this topic is reviewed, which includes both the Beale-Kato-Majda theorem and associated work on the direction of vorticity by Constantin, Fefferman, and Majda and by Deng, Hou, and Yu. It is then shown how the quaternion formalism provides an alternative formulation in terms of the Hessian of the pressure.

  9. Seeing the System: Dynamics and Complexity of Technology Integration in Secondary Schools (United States)

    Howard, Sarah K.; Thompson, Kate


    This paper introduces system dynamics modeling to understand, visualize and explore technology integration in schools, through the development of a theoretical model of technology-related change in teachers' practice. Technology integration is a dynamic social practice, within the social system of education. It is difficult, if not nearly…

  10. Direct Integration of Dynamic Emissive Displays into Knitted Fabric Structures (United States)

    Bellingham, Alyssa

    Smart textiles are revolutionizing the textile industry by combining technology into fabric to give clothing new abilities including communication, transformation, and energy conduction. The advent of electroluminescent fibers, which emit light in response to an applied electric field, has opened the door for fabric-integrated emissive displays in textiles. This thesis focuses on the development of a flexible and scalable emissive fabric display with individually addressable pixels disposed within a fabric matrix. The pixels are formed in areas where a fiber supporting the dielectric and phosphor layers of an electroluminescent structure contacts a conductive surface. This conductive surface can be an external conductive fiber, yarn or wire, or a translucent conductive material layer deposited at set points along the electroluminescent fibers. Different contacting methods are introduced and the different ways the EL yarns can be incorporated into the knitted fabric are discussed. EL fibers were fabricated using a single yarn coating system with a custom, adjustable 3D printed slot die coater for even distribution of material onto the supporting fiber substrates. These fibers are mechanically characterized inside of and outside of a knitted fabric matrix to determine their potential for various applications, including wearables. A 4-pixel dynamic emissive display prototype is fabricated and characterized. This is the first demonstration of an all-knit emissive display with individually controllable pixels. The prototype is composed of a grid of fibers supporting the dielectric and phosphor layers of an electroluminescent (EL) device structure, called EL fibers, and conductive fibers acting as the top electrode. This grid is integrated into a biaxial weft knit structure where the EL fibers make up the rows and conductive fibers make up the columns of the reinforcement yarns inside the supporting weft knit. The pixels exist as individual segments of

  11. Weyl-Euler-Lagrange Equations of Motion on Flat Manifold

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeki Kasap


    Full Text Available This paper deals with Weyl-Euler-Lagrange equations of motion on flat manifold. It is well known that a Riemannian manifold is said to be flat if its curvature is everywhere zero. Furthermore, a flat manifold is one Euclidean space in terms of distances. Weyl introduced a metric with a conformal transformation for unified theory in 1918. Classical mechanics is one of the major subfields of mechanics. Also, one way of solving problems in classical mechanics occurs with the help of the Euler-Lagrange equations. In this study, partial differential equations have been obtained for movement of objects in space and solutions of these equations have been generated by using the symbolic Algebra software. Additionally, the improvements, obtained in this study, will be presented.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae Cîndea


    Full Text Available In this work we prove that the exact internal observability for theEuler-Bernoulli equation is robust with respect to a class of linear perturbations. Our results yield,in particular,that for rectangular domains we have the exact observability in an arbitrarily small time and with an arbitrarily small observation region. The usual method of tackling lower order terms,using Carleman estimates, cannot be applied in this context. More precisely, it is not known if Carleman estimates hold for the evolution Euler-Bernoulli equation with arbitrarily small observation region. Therefore we use a method combining frequency domain techniques,a compactness-uniqueness argument and a Carleman estimate for elliptic problems.

  13. Research of Euler free nutation of the earth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Игорь Иванович Гладких


    Full Text Available Geometric center of the Earth is forcedly identified to the center of its mass using geocentric coordinate system including the WGS-84. Euler free nutation is revealed in result of data comparison on change of the form of the geoid using satellite technologies and corresponding measurements on the coastal areas. Periodic and episodic displacement of the center of mass relative to the geometric center of the Earth is investigated

  14. Complete reduction of the Euler-Poinsot problem (United States)

    Deprit, Andre; Elipe, Antonio


    We propose a new way of defining the Serret-Andoyer variables that does not call on spherical trigonometry. We use those variables to present a complete solution of the Euler-Poinsot problem in the phase space determined by the components of the angular momentum along the principal axes of inertia. We use the solution to convert directly the Serret-Andoyer variables into action and angle variables, thereby making the Hamiltonian dependent on only two momenta.

  15. On the Equivalence of Euler-Lagrange and Noether Equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faliagas, A. C., E-mail: [University of Athens, Department of Mathematics (Greece)


    We prove that, under the condition of nontriviality, the Euler-Lagrange and Noether equations are equivalent for a general class of scalar variational problems. Examples are position independent Lagrangians, Lagrangians of p-Laplacian type, and Lagrangians leading to nonlinear Poisson equations. As applications we prove certain propositions concerning the nonlinear Poisson equation and its generalisations, and the equivalence of admissible and inner variations for the systems under consideration.

  16. Viscous Regularization of the Euler Equations and Entropy Principles

    KAUST Repository

    Guermond, Jean-Luc


    This paper investigates a general class of viscous regularizations of the compressible Euler equations. A unique regularization is identified that is compatible with all the generalized entropies, à la [Harten et al., SIAM J. Numer. Anal., 35 (1998), pp. 2117-2127], and satisfies the minimum entropy principle. A connection with a recently proposed phenomenological model by [H. Brenner, Phys. A, 370 (2006), pp. 190-224] is made. © 2014 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

  17. A Newton multigrid method for the Euler equations (United States)

    Childs, R. E.; Pulliam, T. H.


    A multigrid method is used to apply Newton's method to the Euler equations in a two dimensional curvilinear coordinate system. The objective is to obtain rapid convergence for steady state problems. Solutions computed with the method evolve in a non-time-like manner. Stable pressure distributions typically develop in eight to ten Newton-multigrid steps, which is equivalent to the computational work of about 70 iterations with a factored implicit algorithm.

  18. BOOK REVIEW: Nonlinear Dynamics: Integrability, Chaos and Patterns (United States)

    Grammaticos, B.


    When the editorial office of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General of the Institute of Physics Publishing asked me to review a book on nonlinear dynamics I experienced an undeniable apprehension. Indeed, the domain is a rapidly expanding one and writing a book aiming at a certain degree of completeness looks like an almost impossible task. My uneasiness abated somewhat when I saw the names of the authors, two well-known specialists of the nonlinear domain, but it was only when I held the book in my hands that I felt really reassured. The book is not just a review of the recent (and less so) findings on nonlinear systems. It is also a textbook. The authors set out to provide a detailed, step by step, introduction to the domain of nonlinearity and its various subdomains: chaos, integrability and pattern formation (although this last topic is treated with far less detail than the other two). The public they have in mind is obviously that of university students, graduate or undergraduate, who are interested in nonlinear phenomena. I suspect that a non-negligible portion of readers will be people who have to teach topics which figure among those included in the book: they will find this monograph an excellent companion to their course. The book is written in a pedagogical way, with a profusion of examples, detailed explanations and clear diagrams. The point of view is that of a physicist, which to my eyes is a major advantage. The mathematical formulation remains simple and perfectly intelligible. Thus the reader is not bogged down by fancy mathematical formalism, which would have discouraged the less experienced ones. A host of exercises accompanies every chapter. This will give the novice the occasion to develop his/her problem-solving skills and acquire competence in the use of nonlinear techniques. Some exercises are quite straightforward, like `verify the relation 14.81'. Others are less so, such as `prepare a write-up on a) frequency-locking and b) devil

  19. Cavitation Modeling in Euler and Navier-Stokes Codes (United States)

    Deshpande, Manish; Feng, Jinzhang; Merkle, Charles L.


    Many previous researchers have modeled sheet cavitation by means of a constant pressure solution in the cavity region coupled with a velocity potential formulation for the outer flow. The present paper discusses the issues involved in extending these cavitation models to Euler or Navier-Stokes codes. The approach taken is to start from a velocity potential model to ensure our results are compatible with those of previous researchers and available experimental data, and then to implement this model in both Euler and Navier-Stokes codes. The model is then augmented in the Navier-Stokes code by the inclusion of the energy equation which allows the effect of subcooling in the vicinity of the cavity interface to be modeled to take into account the experimentally observed reduction in cavity pressures that occurs in cryogenic fluids such as liquid hydrogen. Although our goal is to assess the practicality of implementing these cavitation models in existing three-dimensional, turbomachinery codes, the emphasis in the present paper will center on two-dimensional computations, most specifically isolated airfoils and cascades. Comparisons between velocity potential, Euler and Navier-Stokes implementations indicate they all produce consistent predictions. Comparisons with experimental results also indicate that the predictions are qualitatively correct and give a reasonable first estimate of sheet cavitation effects in both cryogenic and non-cryogenic fluids. The impact on CPU time and the code modifications required suggests that these models are appropriate for incorporation in current generation turbomachinery codes.

  20. Integration of nitrogen dynamics into a global terrestrial ecosystem model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Xiaojuan [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Wittig, Victoria [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Jain, Atul [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL


    A comprehensive model of terrestrial N dynamics has been developed and coupled with the geographically explicit terrestrial C cycle component of the Integrated Science Assessment Model (ISAM). The coupled C-N cycle model represents all the major processes in the N cycle and all major interactions between C and N that affect plant productivity and soil and litter decomposition. Observations from the LIDET data set were compiled for calibration and evaluation of the decomposition submodel within ISAM. For aboveground decomposition, the calibration is accomplished by optimizing parameters related to four processes: the partitioning of leaf litter between metabolic and structural material, the effect of lignin on decomposition, the climate control on decomposition and N mineralization and immobilization. For belowground decomposition, the calibrated processes include the partitioning of root litter between decomposable and resistant material as a function of litter quality, N mineralization and immobilization. The calibrated model successfully captured both the C and N dynamics during decomposition for all major biomes and a wide range of climate conditions. Model results show that net N immobilization and mineralization during litter decomposition are dominantly controlled by initial N concentration of litter and the mass remaining during decomposition. The highest and lowest soil organicNstorage are in tundra (1.24 KgNm2) and desert soil (0.06 Kg N m2). The vegetation N storage is highest in tropical forests (0.5 Kg N m2), and lowest in tundra and desert (<0.03 Kg N m2). N uptake by vegetation is highest in warm and moist regions, and lowest in cold and dry regions. Higher rates of N leaching are found in tropical regions and subtropical regions where soil moisture is higher. The global patterns of vegetation and soil N, N uptake and N leaching estimated with ISAM are consistent with measurements and previous modeling studies. This gives us confidence that ISAM

  1. Proton transfer dynamics in the propionic acid dimer from path integral molecular dynamics calculations. (United States)

    Durlak, Piotr; Latajka, Zdzisław


    The double proton transfer process in the cyclic dimer of propionic acid in the gas phase was studied using a path integral molecular dynamics method. Structures, energies and proton trajectories were determined. Very large amplitude motions of the skeleton of a propionic acid molecule were observed during the simulations, and almost free rotation of the C(2)H(5) group around the C(α)-C bond. A double-well symmetric potential with a very small energy barrier was determined from the free energy profile for the proton motions. Infrared spectra for different isotopomers were calculated, and comparative vibrational analysis was performed. The vibrational results from CPMD appear to be in qualitative agreement with the experimental ones.

  2. First Integrals of Dynamical Systems And Their Numerical Preservation


    Irshad, W.; Habib, Y.; Farooq, M. U.


    We calculate Noether like operators and first integrals of scalar equation y'' = -k^2 y using complex Lie symmetry method, by taking values of k and y to be real as well as complex. We numerically integrate the equations using a symplectic Runge-Kutta method and check for preservation of these first integrals. It is seen that these structure preserving numerical methods provide qualitatively correct numerical results and good preservation of first integrals is obtained.

  3. Dynamic Reactive Power Compensation of Large Scale Wind Integrated Power System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rather, Zakir Hussain; Chen, Zhe; Thøgersen, Paul


    wind turbines especially wind farms with additional grid support functionalities like dynamic support (e,g dynamic reactive power support etc.) and ii) refurbishment of existing conventional central power plants to synchronous condensers could be one of the efficient, reliable and cost effective option......Due to progressive displacement of conventional power plants by wind turbines, dynamic security of large scale wind integrated power systems gets significantly compromised. In this paper we first highlight the importance of dynamic reactive power support/voltage security in large scale wind...... integrated power systems with least presence of conventional power plants. Then we propose a mixed integer dynamic optimization based method for optimal dynamic reactive power allocation in large scale wind integrated power systems. One of the important aspects of the proposed methodology is that unlike...

  4. Measurement of the Euler Angles of Wurtzitic ZnO by Raman Spectroscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Liu


    Full Text Available A Raman spectroscopy-based step-by-step measuring method of Euler angles φ,θ,and  ψ was presented for the wurtzitic crystal orientation on a microscopic scale. Based on the polarization selection rule and coordinate transformation theory, a series of analytic expressions for the Euler angle measurement using Raman spectroscopy were derived. Specific experimental measurement processes were presented, and the measurement of Raman tensor elements and Euler angles of the ZnO crystal were implemented. It is deduced that there is a trigonometric functional relationship between the intensity of each Raman bands of wurtzite crystal and Euler angle ψ, the polarization direction of incident light under different polarization configurations, which can be used to measure the Euler angles. The experimental results show that the proposed method can realize the measurement of Euler angles for wurtzite crystal effectively.

  5. Nonlinear dynamical systems of mathematical physics spectral and symplectic integrability analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Blackmore, Denis; Samoylenko, Valeriy Hr


    This distinctive volume presents a clear, rigorous grounding in modern nonlinear integrable dynamics theory and applications in mathematical physics, and an introduction to timely leading-edge developments in the field - including some innovations by the authors themselves - that have not appeared in any other book. The exposition begins with an introduction to modern integrable dynamical systems theory, treating such topics as Liouville-Arnold and Mischenko-Fomenko integrability. This sets the stage for such topics as new formulations of the gradient-holonomic algorithm for Lax integrability,

  6. An assessment of the differential quadrature time integration scheme for nonlinear dynamic equations (United States)

    Liu, Jian; Wang, Xinwei


    In 1996, Xie [An assessment of time integration schemes for non-linear dynamic equations, Journal of Sound and Vibration 192(1) (1996) 321-331] presented an assessment on seven existing and commonly used time integration schemes for nonlinear dynamic equations. In this work, the differential quadrature (DQ) time integration scheme proposed by Fung in 2001 is assessed following the same procedures as Xie's. It is shown that accurate numerical results can be obtained by the DQ method when using much larger time step over the commonly used time integration schemes. Based on the results reported herein, some conclusions are drawn.

  7. Stability properties of the Euler-Korteweg system with nonmonotone pressures

    KAUST Repository

    Giesselmann, Jan


    We establish a relative energy framework for the Euler-Korteweg system with non-convex energy. This allows us to prove weak-strong uniqueness and to show convergence to a Cahn-Hilliard system in the large friction limit. We also use relative energy to show that solutions of Euler-Korteweg with convex energy converge to solutions of the Euler system in the vanishing capillarity limit, as long as the latter admits sufficiently regular strong solutions.

  8. Stochastic Optimal Prediction with Application to Averaged Euler Equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bell, John [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Chorin, Alexandre J. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Crutchfield, William [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)


    Optimal prediction (OP) methods compensate for a lack of resolution in the numerical solution of complex problems through the use of an invariant measure as a prior measure in the Bayesian sense. In first-order OP, unresolved information is approximated by its conditional expectation with respect to the invariant measure. In higher-order OP, unresolved information is approximated by a stochastic estimator, leading to a system of random or stochastic differential equations. We explain the ideas through a simple example, and then apply them to the solution of Averaged Euler equations in two space dimensions.

  9. Solving Fractional Dynamical System with Freeplay by Combining Memory-Free Approach and Precise Integration Method

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Liu, Q. X; He, X. S; Liu, J. K; Chen, Y. M; Huang, L. C


      The Yuan-Agrawal (YA) memory-free approach is employed to study fractional dynamical systems with freeplay nonlinearities subjected to a harmonic excitation, by combining it with the precise integration method (PIM...

  10. Accurate Kirkwood-Buff Integrals from Molecular Dynamics Simulations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wedberg, Nils Hejle Rasmus Ingemar; O'Connell, John P.; Peters, Günther H.J.


    A method is proposed for obtaining thermodynamic properties via Kirkwood–Buff (KB) integrals from molecular simulations. In order to ensure that the KB integration converges, the pair distribution function is extrapolated to large distances using the extension method of Verlet, which enforces...... a theoretical limiting behaviour on the corresponding direct correlation function. The method is evaluated for the pure Lennard-Jones and Stockmayer fluids. The results are verified by comparing pure fluid isothermal compressibilities obtained from the KB integrals with values from derivatives of equations...

  11. Integrating switch mode audio power amplifiers and electro dynamic loudspeakers for a higher power efficiency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Søren; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.


    The work presented in this paper is related to integration of switch mode audio amplifiers and electro dynamic loudspeakers, using the speaker's voice coil as output filter, and the magnetic structure as heatsink for the amplifier.......The work presented in this paper is related to integration of switch mode audio amplifiers and electro dynamic loudspeakers, using the speaker's voice coil as output filter, and the magnetic structure as heatsink for the amplifier....

  12. Integrating switch mode audio amplifiers and electro dynamic loudspeakers for a higher power efficiency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Søren; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.


    The work presented in this paper is related to integration of switch mode audio amplifiers and electro dynamic loudspeakers, using the speaker's voice coil as output filter, and the magnetic structure as heatsink for the amplifier.......The work presented in this paper is related to integration of switch mode audio amplifiers and electro dynamic loudspeakers, using the speaker's voice coil as output filter, and the magnetic structure as heatsink for the amplifier....

  13. Information integration and red queen dynamics in coevolutionary optimization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pagie, L.; Hogeweg, P.


    Abstract- Coevolution has been used as optimization technique both successfully and unsuccessfully. Successful optimization shows integration of information at the individual level over many fitness evaluation events and over many generations. Alternative outcomes of the evolutionary process,

  14. Somatosensory Integration Controlled by Dynamic Thalamocortical Feed-Forward Inhibition

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gabernet, Laetitia; Jadhav, Shantanu P; Feldman, Daniel E; Carandini, Matteo; Scanziani, Massimo


    .... Here, we show that in the rodent barrel cortex, the temporal window for integration of thalamic inputs is under the control of thalamocortical feed-forward inhibition and can vary from 1 to 10 ms...

  15. Fast estimation from above of the maximum wave speed in the Riemann problem for the Euler equations (United States)

    Guermond, Jean-Luc; Popov, Bojan


    This paper is concerned with the construction of a fast algorithm for computing the maximum speed of propagation in the Riemann solution for the Euler system of gas dynamics with the co-volume equation of state. The novelty in the algorithm is that it stops when a guaranteed upper bound for the maximum speed is reached with a prescribed accuracy. The convergence rate of the algorithm is cubic and the bound is guaranteed for gasses with the co-volume equation of state and the heat capacity ratio γ in the range (1 , 5 / 3 ].

  16. Aspectos da Lógica de Leonhard Euler/Aspects of Leonhard Euler´s Logic


    Fossa, John Andrew; UFRN


    Investigamos a lógica de Leonhard Euler com ênfase no papel dos “diagramas de Euler”. Concluímos que os referidos diagramas constituem um instrumento intuitivo, embora não sistemático, para determinar validade na silogística tradicional, isto é, a silogística munida de implicações conversacionais (importância existencial). Nisto, contrastam-se com os diagramas de Venn que constituem um instrumento sistemático, porém menos intuitivo, para determinar validade numa silogística mais voltada para ...

  17. Path integral methods for the dynamics of stochastic and disordered systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertz, John A.; Roudi, Yasser; Sollich, Peter


    We review some of the techniques used to study the dynamics of disordered systems subject to both quenched and fast (thermal) noise. Starting from the Martin–Siggia–Rose/Janssen–De Dominicis–Peliti path integral formalism for a single variable stochastic dynamics, we provide a pedagogical survey...

  18. Euler: programa didáctico de elementos finitos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorian Luis Linero Segrera


    Full Text Available This article explains the characteristics of the Euler software, which was used as a learning tool on finite element method with emphasis on structural analysis. Euler can solve the following problems, among others: static matríx analysis of truss and plane frames; stability analysis, evaluation of frequencies and vibration modes in plane frames, displacement in beams and in elements subjected to axial force and other problems controlled by the one-dimensional field differential equation that is shown in the article. Furthermore, the program can solve: torsion ofnoncircular sections, irrotational flow, heat transfer, and other problems controlled by two-dimensional field differential equation that is shown in the article. The program also allows for solutions to problems of twodimensional elasticity: plane stress or plane strain. In order to operate the program, the user should write, one by one, the necessary instructions to obtain the quantities of interest. The available instructions are classified as follows: matrix edition, basic matrix operations, simultaneous equation systems, matrix and vector assemblage, numeration of freedom degrees, eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Futhermore, the creation of matrix elements as shape functions, gradient vector, stiffness matrix, force vector, interelement contribution, transformation matrix and constant elastic matrix.

  19. INDDGO: Integrated Network Decomposition & Dynamic programming for Graph Optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Sullivan, Blair D [ORNL; Weerapurage, Dinesh P [ORNL


    It is well-known that dynamic programming algorithms can utilize tree decompositions to provide a way to solve some \\emph{NP}-hard problems on graphs where the complexity is polynomial in the number of nodes and edges in the graph, but exponential in the width of the underlying tree decomposition. However, there has been relatively little computational work done to determine the practical utility of such dynamic programming algorithms. We have developed software to construct tree decompositions using various heuristics and have created a fast, memory-efficient dynamic programming implementation for solving maximum weighted independent set. We describe our software and the algorithms we have implemented, focusing on memory saving techniques for the dynamic programming. We compare the running time and memory usage of our implementation with other techniques for solving maximum weighted independent set, including a commercial integer programming solver and a semi-definite programming solver. Our results indicate that it is possible to solve some instances where the underlying decomposition has width much larger than suggested by the literature. For certain types of problems, our dynamic programming code runs several times faster than these other methods.

  20. Mechanical integration of actin and adhesion dynamics in cell migration. (United States)

    Gardel, Margaret L; Schneider, Ian C; Aratyn-Schaus, Yvonne; Waterman, Clare M


    Directed cell migration is a physical process that requires dramatic changes in cell shape and adhesion to the extracellular matrix. For efficient movement, these processes must be spatiotemporally coordinated. To a large degree, the morphological changes and physical forces that occur during migration are generated by a dynamic filamentous actin (F-actin) cytoskeleton. Adhesion is regulated by dynamic assemblies of structural and signaling proteins that couple the F-actin cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix. Here, we review current knowledge of the dynamic organization of the F-actin cytoskeleton in cell migration and the regulation of focal adhesion assembly and disassembly with an emphasis on how mechanical and biochemical signaling between these two systems regulate the coordination of physical processes in cell migration.

  1. On a nonstandard Volterra type dynamic integral equation on time scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak Pachpatte


    Full Text Available The main objective of the present paper is to study some basic qualitative properties of solutions of a nonstandard Volterra type dynamic integral equation on time scales. The tools employed in the analysis are based on the applications of the Banach fixed point theorem and a certain integral inequality with explicit estimate on time scales.

  2. Measuring in action research : four ways of integrating quantitative methods in participatory dynamics


    Martí Olivé, Joel


    Background of INCASI Project H2020-MSCA-RISE-2015 GA 691004. WP1: Compilation Although action research uses both qualitative and quantitative methods, few contributions have addressed the specific role of the latter in this kind of research. This paper focuses on how quantitative methods can be integrated with participatory dynamics in action research designs. Four types of integration are defined and exemplified. The paper concludes with some reflections on how the integration of quantita...

  3. System Dynamics Model for VMI&TPL Integrated Supply Chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo Li


    Full Text Available This paper establishes VMI-APIOBPCS II model by extending VMI-APIOBPCS model from serial supply chain to distribution supply chain. Then TPL is introduced to this VMI distribution supply chain, and operational framework and process of VMI&TPL integrated supply chain are analyzed deeply. On this basis VMI-APIOBPCS II model is then changed to VMI&TPL-APIOBPCS model and VMI&TPL integrated operation mode is simulated. Finally, compared with VMI-APIOBPCS model, the TPL’s important role of goods consolidation and risk sharing in VMI&TPL integrated supply chain is analyzed in detail from the aspects of bullwhip effect, inventory level, service level, and so on.

  4. An Integrated Platform for Dynamic Software Updating and its Application in Self-* systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gregersen, Allan Raundahl; Jørgensen, Bo Nørregaard; Hadaytullah


    Practical dynamic updating of modern Java applications requires tool support to become an integral part of the software development and maintenance lifecycle. In this paper we present Javeleon, an easy-to-use tool for dynamic updates of Java applications. To support integration with specific...... including dynamic changes to the type hierarchy of classes without modifying a JVM and without utilizing new language constructs. In addition to the obvious benefits of using Javeleon during development, we argue that Javeleon is a strong candidate for being useful in other research fields. In order...

  5. Inducing nonlinear dynamic response via piezoelectric circuitry integration (United States)

    Xu, J.; Tang, J.


    Owing to the two-way electro-mechanical coupling characteristics, piezoelectric transducers have been widely used as sensors and actuators in sensing and control applications. In this research, we explore the integration of piezoelectric transducer with the structure, in which the transducer is connected with a Wheatstone bridge based circuitry subjected to chaotic excitation. It is shown that a type of Wheatstone bridge circuit with proper parameters configuration can increase sensitivity in detecting structural anomaly. Such integration has the potential to significantly amplify the response change when the underlying structure is subject to property change. Comprehensive analytical and experimental studies are carried out to demonstrate the concept and validate the performance improvement.

  6. Integrated effect of treadmill training combined with dynamic ankle ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abd El Aziz Ali Sherief


    Jan 13, 2015 ... Both groups received a designed physical therapy program for treatment of hemiplegic cerebral palsy children for 60 min, in addition group B received treadmill training with dynamic ankle foot orthoses for 30 min. Results: Significant improvements were observed in all measuring variables when comparing ...

  7. Integrated effect of treadmill training combined with dynamic ankle ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Both groups received a designed physical therapy program for treatment of hemiplegic cerebral palsy children for 60 min, in addition group B received treadmill training with dynamic ankle foot orthoses for 30 min. Results: Significant improvements were observed in all measuring variables when comparing the pre and ...

  8. Optimization of multi-response dynamic systems integrating multiple ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sensor, IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferrolectrics and Frequency Control, Vol. 52, No. 3, pp. 480-486. Yu, W-L, Wu, S-J and Shiah, S-W., 2010. Experimental analysis of dynamic characteristics on the PEM fuel cell stack by using. Taguchi approach with neural networks. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.

  9. Integrating Dynamic Mathematics Software into Cooperative Learning Environments in Mathematics (United States)

    Zengin, Yilmaz; Tatar, Enver


    The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the cooperative learning model supported with dynamic mathematics software (DMS), that is a reflection of constructivist learning theory in the classroom environment, in the teaching of mathematics. For this purpose, a workshop was conducted with the volunteer teachers on the…

  10. Dynamic Reaction Figures: An Integrative Vehicle for Understanding Chemical Reactions (United States)

    Schultz, Emeric


    A highly flexible learning tool, referred to as a dynamic reaction figure, is described. Application of these figures can (i) yield the correct chemical equation by simply following a set of menu driven directions; (ii) present the underlying "mechanism" in chemical reactions; and (iii) help to solve quantitative problems in a number of different…

  11. Signatures of chaos and non-integrability in two-dimensional gravity with dynamical boundary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitkevich Maxim


    Full Text Available We propose a model of two-dimensional dilaton gravity with a boundary. In the bulk our model coincides with the classically integrable CGHS model; the dynamical boundary cuts of the CGHS strong-coupling region. As a result, classical dynamics in our model reminds that in the spherically-symmetric gravity: wave packets of matter fields either reflect from the boundary or form black holes. We find large integrable sector of multisoliton solutions in this model. At the same time, we argue that the model is globally non-integrable because solutions at the verge of black hole formation display chaotic properties.

  12. Constant mean curvature surfaces via integrable dynamical system

    CERN Document Server

    Konopelchenko, B G


    It is shown that the equation which describes constant mean curvature surface via the generalized Weierstrass-Enneper inducing has Hamiltonian form. Its simplest finite-dimensional reduction has two degrees of freedom, integrable and its trajectories correspond to well-known Delaunay and do Carmo-Dajzcer surfaces (i.e., helicoidal constant mean curvature surfaces).

  13. Beyond Euler's Method: Implicit Finite Differences in an Introductory ODE Course (United States)

    Kull, Trent C.


    A typical introductory course in ordinary differential equations (ODEs) exposes students to exact solution methods. However, many differential equations must be approximated with numerical methods. Textbooks commonly include explicit methods such as Euler's and Improved Euler's. Implicit methods are typically introduced in more advanced courses…

  14. Euler-Lagrange Equations of Networks with Higher-Order Elements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Biolek


    Full Text Available The paper suggests a generalization of the classic Euler-Lagrange equation for circuits compounded of arbitrary elements from Chua’s periodic table. Newly defined potential functions for general (α, β elements are used for the construction of generalized Lagrangians and generalized dissipative functions. Also procedures of drawing the Euler-Lagrange equations are demonstrated.

  15. 2D-euler deconvolution and forward modeling of gravity data of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The parameters obtained from Euler Deconvolution were used as the start up parameters for 2‐D Forward modeling. Well clustered Euler solutions were obtained at a shallow depth of approximately 200‐750 m which is consistent with the modeled shallow dike like intrusive probably of carbonatite origin. Key words: gravity ...

  16. Numerical Investigations on Hybrid Fuzzy Fractional Differential Equations by Improved Fractional Euler Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Vivek


    Full Text Available In this paper, the improved Euler method is used for solving hybrid fuzzy fractional differential equations (HFFDE of order $q \\in (0, 1 $ under Caputo-type fuzzy fractional derivatives. This method is based on the fractional Euler method and generalized Taylor's formula. The accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method is demonstrated by solving numerical examples.

  17. European Integration, Labour Market Dynamics and Migration Flows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinoia, Michela


    Full Text Available The paper has two objectives. Firstly, we wish to evaluate whether a greater economic integration has effects, and of what type, on migration flows from Central and Eastern Europe (New Member States of the EU, NMS towards the fifteen countries of the European Union (EU-15. Secondly, we wish to understand what effect the migration flows from the NMS have on the labour market of the receiving countries in the EU-15. The most suitable theoretical context that seems to summarise European labour market characteristics is that of the insider/outsider model by Layard, Nickell and Jackman (Layard et al., 1991. We have modified the above mentioned model by introducing two innovations. Firstly, we constructed three measures that act as a proxy for economic integration: the Intra Regional Trade Index (IRTI, Global Trade Index (GTI and Financial Market Integration (FMI. Then we placed the three indicators into the insider/outsider model to arrive at a modified version of Layard, Nickell and Jackman (Layard et al., 1991. The second innovative contribution was the introduction of an equation modelling migration flows. The creation of this equation is inspired by the neo-classical approach to migration theory (Harris-Todaro, 1970. The theoretical model, based on rational expectations, has been solved to find the equilibrium solution and the impact multipliers. We then carried out an empirical analysis, which involved estimating a Structural Vector Autoregression Model (SVAR. The aim of this estimation was to evaluate, on the one hand, the effect that greater European integration (a positive shock to the integration indicators has on migration flows, and, on the other, to measure the type of effect that migration flows could have on the labour market of the EU-15 countries, considered as a single entity. The results of our empirical evidence show that economic integration does generate significant effects on migration flows from the enlargement countries

  18. Agglomeration multigrid for the three-dimensional Euler equations (United States)

    Venkatakrishnan, V.; Mavriplis, D. J.


    A multigrid procedure that makes use of coarse grids generated by the agglomeration of control volumes is advocated as a practical approach for solving the three dimensional Euler equations on unstructured grids about complex configurations. It is shown that the agglomeration procedure can be tailored to achieve certain coarse grid properties such as the sizes of the coarse grids and aspect ratios of the coarse grid cells. The agglomeration is done as a preprocessing step and runs in linear time. The implications for multigrid of using arbitrary polyhedral coarse grids are discussed. The agglomeration multigrid technique compares very favorably with existing multigrid procedures both in terms of convergence rates and elapsed times. The main advantage of the present approach is the ease with which coarse grids of any desired degree of coarseness may be generated in three dimensions, without being constrained by considerations of geometry. Inviscid flows over a variety of complex configurations are computed using the agglomeration multigrid strategy.

  19. Monte Carlo Euler approximations of HJM term structure financial models

    KAUST Repository

    Björk, Tomas


    We present Monte Carlo-Euler methods for a weak approximation problem related to the Heath-Jarrow-Morton (HJM) term structure model, based on Itô stochastic differential equations in infinite dimensional spaces, and prove strong and weak error convergence estimates. The weak error estimates are based on stochastic flows and discrete dual backward problems, and they can be used to identify different error contributions arising from time and maturity discretization as well as the classical statistical error due to finite sampling. Explicit formulas for efficient computation of sharp error approximation are included. Due to the structure of the HJM models considered here, the computational effort devoted to the error estimates is low compared to the work to compute Monte Carlo solutions to the HJM model. Numerical examples with known exact solution are included in order to show the behavior of the estimates. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

  20. Accelerating convergence for backward Euler and trapezoid time discretization schemes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Raşit Işık


    Full Text Available In this study, we introduce two algorithms to numerically solve any initial value problem (IVP. These algorithms depend on time relaxation model (TRM which is obtained adding a time relaxation term into IVP. Discretizing TRM by using backward Euler (BE method gives the first algorithm. Similarly, the second algorithm is followed by using trapezoid (TR time stepping scheme . Under some conditions, the first algorithm increases the order of convergence from one to two and the second one increases the order from two to three. Thus, more accurate results can be obtained. To verify the accuracy of the methods, they are applied to some numerical examples. Numerical results overlap with the theoretical results.

  1. Interspecies interactions are an integral determinant of microbial community dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Azwani Abdul Aziz


    Full Text Available This study investigated the factor that the determine the dynamics of bacterial communities in a complex system using multidisciplinary methods. Since real and engineered microbial ecosystems are too complex, six types of synthetic microbial ecosystems (SMEs were constructed under chemostat conditions with phenol as the sole carbon and energy source. 2-4 phenol-degrading, phylogenetically and physiologically different bacterial strains were used in each SEM. Phylogeny was based on the nucleotide sequence of 16S rRNA genes, while physiologic traits were based on kinetic and growth parameters on phenol. Two metrics, J parameter and ‘complex interaction’, were compared to predict which strain would become dominant in a SME. The J parameter is calculated from kinetic and growth parameters, whereas ‘complex interaction’, which was developed here, evaluated bacterial community dynamics by measuring specific growth activity as affected by the other strains. The specific growth activity was calculated as the proportion of growth activity under the presence of supernatant compared to control conditions. Population densities of strains used in SMEs were enumerated by real-time PCR targeting the gene encoding the large subunit of phenol hydroxylase and were compared to predictions made from J parameter and complex interaction calculations. In 4 of 6 SEMs tested the final dominant strain shown by real-time PCR analyses coincided with the strain predicted by both the J parameter and the complex interaction. However, in SMEII-2 and SMEII-3 the final dominant Variovorax strains coincided with prediction of the complex interaction but not the J parameter. These results demonstrate that the effects of complex interactions within microbial communities contribute to determining the dynamics of the microbial ecosystem.

  2. Equivalence Between Approximate Dynamic Inversion and Proportional-Integral Control (United States)


    Rρ be the tracking error signal, and let the desired stable error dynamics be specified by ė(t) = Aee (t), (3) where Ae is Hurwitz and has identical...ρ equations f(x(t), z(t), u(t))−Arxr(t)−Brr(t) = Aee (t). If this is a system of ρ arbitrary nonlinear equations, there are in general no solutions of...t) + Aee (t) ) , (6b) for some initial control u(0) = u0. Here, is a posi- tive controller design parameter, chosen sufficiently small to achieve

  3. Consequence Based Design. An approach for integrating computational collaborative models (Integrated Dynamic Models) in the building design phase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Negendahl, Kristoffer

    that secures validity and quality assurance with a simulationist while sustaining autonomous control of building design with the building designer. Consequence based design is defined by the specific use of integrated dynamic models. These models include the parametric capabilities of a visual programming tool...... case studies. All case studies concern building design projects performed in collaboration with Grontmij and various Danish architectural studios. Different types of integrated dynamic models have been implemented and tested for the individual projects. The findings from each project were used to alter......In the wake of uncompromising requirements on building performance and the current emphasis on building energy consumption and indoor environment, designing buildings has become an increasingly difficult task. However, building performance analyses, including those of building energy consumption...

  4. Adaptive vison aided integrated navigation for dynamic unknown enviroments (United States)

    Nematallah, Heba

    In this research, a novel method for visual odometry (VO) and the integration with multi-sensors navigation systems for vehicular platforms is proposed. The proposed method partitions the field of single camera view into regions of interests where each region likely contains different types of visual features. By applying computer vision processing techniques, ambiguous pose estimation is calculated up to a scale factor. The proposed method uses aiding measurements from vehicle's odometer to adaptively resolve the scale factor ambiguity problem in monocular camera systems. Unlike some state-of-art approaches, this work does not depend on offline pre-processing or predefined landmarks or visual maps. In addition, this work addresses unknown uncontrolled environments where moving objects likely exist. Innovative odometer-aided Local Bundle Adjustment (LBA) along with a fuzzy C-mean clustering mechanism is proposed to reject outliers corresponding to moving objects. A Gaussian Mixture approach is also applied to detect visual background regions during stationary periods which enables further rejection of moving objects. Finally, an empirical scoring method is applied to calculate a matching score of the different visual features and to use this score in a Kalman filter as measurement covariance noise to integrate VOestimated pose changes within a larger multi-sensors integrated navigation system. Experimental work was performed with a physical vehicular platform equipped by MEMS inertial sensors, GPS, speed measurements and GPS-enabled camera. The experimental work includes three testing vehicular trajectories in downtown Toronto and the surrounding areas. The experimental work showed significant navigation improvements during long GPS outages where only VO is fused with inertial sensors and the vehicle's speed measurements.

  5. Integrative Dynamic Reconfiguration in a Parallel Stream Processing Engine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Kasper Grud Skat; Zhou, Yongluan; Cao, Jianneng


    Load balancing, operator instance collocations and horizontal scaling are critical issues in Parallel Stream Processing Engines to achieve low data processing latency, optimized cluster utilization and minimized communication cost respectively. In previous work, these issues are typically tackled...... how these three issues can be modeled as one integrated optimization problem. In particular, we first consider jobs where workload allocations have little effect on the communication cost, and model the problem of load balance as a Mixed-Integer Linear Program. Afterwards, we present an extended...

  6. Efficient Dynamic Integrity Verification for Big Data Supporting Users Revocability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinpeng Zhang


    Full Text Available With the advent of the big data era, cloud data storage and retrieval have become popular for efficient data management in large companies and organizations, thus they can enjoy the on-demand high-quality cloud storage service. Meanwhile, for security reasons, those companies and organizations would like to verify the integrity of their data once storing it in the cloud. To address this issue, they need a proper cloud storage auditing scheme which matches their actual demands. Current research often focuses on the situation where the data manager owns the data; however, the data belongs to the company, rather than the data managers in the real situation which has been overlooked. For example, the current data manager is no longer suitable to manage the data stored in the cloud after a period and will be replaced by another one. The successor needs to verify the integrity of the former managed data; this problem is obviously inevitable in reality. In this paper, we fill this gap by giving a practical efficient revocable privacy-preserving public auditing scheme for cloud storage meeting the auditing requirement of large companies and organization’s data transfer. The scheme is conceptually simple and is proven to be secure even when the cloud service provider conspires with revoked users.

  7. Modeling, signaling and cytoskeleton dynamics: integrated modeling-experimental frameworks in cell migration. (United States)

    Sun, Meng; Zaman, Muhammad H


    Cell migration is a complex and multistep process involved in homeostasis maintenance, morphogenesis, and disease development, such as cancer metastasis. Modeling cell migration and the relevant cytoskeleton dynamics have profound implications for studying fundamental development and disease diagnosis. This review focuses on some recent models of both cell migration and migration-related cytoskeleton dynamics, addressing issues such as the difference between amoeboid and mesenchymal migration modes, and between single-cell migration and collective cell migration. The review also highlights the computational integration among variable external cues, especially the biochemical and mechanical signaling that affects cell migration. Finally, we aim to identify the gaps in our current knowledge and potential strategies to develop integrated modeling-experimental frameworks for multiscale behavior integrating gene expression, cell signaling, mechanics, and multicellular dynamics. WIREs Syst Biol Med 2017, 9:e1365. doi: 10.1002/wsbm.1365 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Global Format for Conservative Time Integration in Nonlinear Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krenk, Steen


    The widely used classic collocation-based time integration procedures like Newmark, Generalized-alpha etc. generally work well within a framework of linear problems, but typically may encounter problems, when used in connection with essentially nonlinear structures. These problems are overcome...... in the new generation of energy conserving algorithms developed over the last two decades. However, the conservative algorithms typically rely on the special structure of the problem to be solved and require intermediate calculations using a mean state. This seems to have limited their use outside academia...... over the time step. This explicit formula is exact for structures with internal energy in the form of a polynomial in the displacement components of degree four. A fully general form follows by introducing an additional term based on a secant representation of the internal energy. The option...

  9. Improving the convergence of closed and open path integral molecular dynamics via higher order Trotter factorization schemes. (United States)

    Pérez, Alejandro; Tuckerman, Mark E


    Higher order factorization schemes are developed for path integral molecular dynamics in order to improve the convergence of estimators for physical observables as a function of the Trotter number. The methods are based on the Takahashi-Imada and Susuki decompositions of the Boltzmann operator. The methods introduced improve the averages of the estimators by using the classical forces needed to carry out the dynamics to construct a posteriori weighting factors for standard path integral molecular dynamics. The new approaches are straightforward to implement in existing path integral codes and carry no significant overhead. The Suzuki higher order factorization was also used to improve the end-to-end distance estimator in open path integral molecular dynamics. The new schemes are tested in various model systems, including an ab initio path integral molecular dynamics calculation on the hydrogen molecule and a quantum water model. The proposed algorithms have potential utility for reducing the cost of path integral molecular dynamics calculations of bulk systems.

  10. Elucidating dynamic metabolic physiology through network integration of quantitative time-course metabolomics


    Aarash Bordbar; Yurkovich, James T.; Giuseppe Paglia; Ottar Rolfsson; Sigurjónsson, Ólafur E; Palsson, Bernhard O.


    The increasing availability of metabolomics data necessitates novel methods for deeper data analysis and interpretation. We present a flux balance analysis method that allows for the computation of dynamic intracellular metabolic changes at the cellular scale through integration of time-course absolute quantitative metabolomics. This approach, termed " unsteady-state flux balance analysis" (uFBA), is applied to four cellular systems: three dynamic and one steady-state as a negative control. u...

  11. Dynamic Functional Segregation and Integration in Human Brain Network During Complex Tasks. (United States)

    Shen Ren; Junhua Li; Taya, Fumihiko; deSouza, Joshua; Thakor, Nitish V; Bezerianos, Anastasios


    The analysis of the topology and organization of brain networks is known to greatly benefit from network measures in graph theory. However, to evaluate dynamic changes of brain functional connectivity, more sophisticated quantitative metrics characterizing temporal evolution of brain topological features are required. To simplify conversion of time-varying brain connectivity to a static graph representation is straightforward but the procedure loses temporal information that could be critical in understanding the brain functions. To extend the understandings of functional segregation and integration to a dynamic fashion, we recommend dynamic graph metrics to characterise temporal changes of topological features of brain networks. This study investigated functional segregation and integration of brain networks over time by dynamic graph metrics derived from EEG signals during an experimental protocol: performance of complex flight simulation tasks with multiple levels of difficulty. We modelled time-varying brain functional connectivity as multi-layer networks, in which each layer models brain connectivity at time window t + Δt. Dynamic graph metrics were calculated to quantify temporal and topological properties of the network. Results show that brain networks under the performance of complex tasks reveal a dynamic small-world architecture with a number of frequently connected nodes or hubs, which supports the balance of information segregation and integration in brain over time. The results also show that greater cognitive workloads caused by more difficult tasks induced a more globally efficient but less clustered dynamic small-world functional network. Our study illustrates that task-related changes of functional brain network segregation and integration can be characterized by dynamic graph metrics.

  12. Development of an Integrated Nonlinear Aeroservoelastic Flight Dynamic Model of the NASA Generic Transport Model (United States)

    Nguyen, Nhan; Ting, Eric


    This paper describes a recent development of an integrated fully coupled aeroservoelastic flight dynamic model of the NASA Generic Transport Model (GTM). The integrated model couples nonlinear flight dynamics to a nonlinear aeroelastic model of the GTM. The nonlinearity includes the coupling of the rigid-body aircraft states in the partial derivatives of the aeroelastic angle of attack. Aeroservoelastic modeling of the control surfaces which are modeled by the Variable Camber Continuous Trailing Edge Flap is also conducted. The R.T. Jones' method is implemented to approximate unsteady aerodynamics. Simulations of the GTM are conducted with simulated continuous and discrete gust loads..

  13. Dynamic regulation of sensorimotor integration in human postural control. (United States)

    Peterka, Robert J; Loughlin, Patrick J


    Upright stance in humans is inherently unstable, requiring corrective action based on spatial-orientation information from sensory systems. One might logically predict that environments providing access to accurate orientation information from multiple sensory systems would facilitate postural stability. However, we show that, after a period in which access to accurate sensory information was reduced, the restoration of accurate information disrupted postural stability. In eyes-closed trials, proprioceptive information was altered by rotating the support surface in proportion to body sway (support surface "sway-referencing"). When the support surface returned to a level orientation, most subjects developed a transient 1-Hz body sway oscillation that differed significantly from the low-amplitude body sway typically observed during quiet stance. Additional experiments showed further enhancement of the 1-Hz oscillation when the surface transitioned from a sway-referenced to a reverse sway-referenced motion. Oscillatory behavior declined with repetition of trials, suggesting a learning effect. A simple negative feedback-control model of the postural control system predicted the occurrence of this 1-Hz oscillation in conditions where too much corrective torque is generated in proportion to body sway. Model simulations were used to distinguish between two alternative explanations for the excessive corrective torque generation. Simulation results favor an explanation based on the dynamic reweighting of sensory contributions to postural control rather than a load-compensation mechanism that scales torque in proportion to a fixed combination of sensory-orientation information.

  14. CRISP (crayfish and rice integrated system of production): 2. Modelling crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) population dynamics


    Anastácio, P. M.; Nielsen, S. N.; Marques, J. C.


    An ecological sub-model of crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) population dynamics is presented for integration into the CRISP (crayfish and rice integrated system of production) series of models. The present structure is directed towards simulation of crayfish population responses under different human interventions, namely different capture rates. The crayfish population was subdivided into seven age classes of 80 days, each one constituting a state variable. The increase in weight for each 80-d...

  15. A compartmental model analysis of integrative and self-regulatory ion dynamics in pollen tube growth.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junli Liu


    Full Text Available Sexual reproduction in higher plants relies upon the polarised growth of pollen tubes. The growth-site at the pollen tube tip responds to signalling processes to successfully steer the tube to an ovule. Essential features of pollen tube growth are polarisation of ion fluxes, intracellular ion gradients, and oscillating dynamics. However, little is known about how these features are generated and how they are causally related. We propose that ion dynamics in biological systems should be studied in an integrative and self-regulatory way. Here we have developed a two-compartment model by integrating major ion transporters at both the tip and shank of pollen tubes. We demonstrate that the physiological features of polarised growth in the pollen tube can be explained by the localised distribution of transporters at the tip and shank. Model analysis reveals that the tip and shank compartments integrate into a self-regulatory dynamic system, however the oscillatory dynamics at the tip do not play an important role in maintaining ion gradients. Furthermore, an electric current travelling along the pollen tube contributes to the regulation of ion dynamics. Two candidate mechanisms for growth-induced oscillations are proposed: the transition of tip membrane into shank membrane, and growth-induced changes in kinetic parameters of ion transporters. The methodology and principles developed here are applicable to the study of ion dynamics and their interactions with other functional modules in any plant cellular system.

  16. Conservative fourth-order time integration of non-linear dynamic systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krenk, Steen


    An energy conserving time integration algorithm with fourth-order accuracy is developed for dynamic systems with nonlinear stiffness. The discrete formulation is derived by integrating the differential state-space equations of motion over the integration time increment, and then evaluating...... is a direct fourth-order accurate representation of the original differential equations. This fourth-order form is energy conserving for systems with force potential in the form of a quartic polynomial in the displacement components. Energy conservation for a force potential of general form is obtained...

  17. The integration of climate change, spatial dynamics, and habitat fragmentation: A conceptual overview. (United States)

    Holyoak, Marcel; Heath, Sacha K


    A growing number of studies have looked at how climate change alters the effects of habitat fragmentation and degradation on both single and multiple species; some raise concern that biodiversity loss and its effects will be exacerbated. The published literature on spatial dynamics (such as dispersal and metapopulation dynamics), habitat fragmentation and climate change requires synthesis and a conceptual framework to simplify thinking. We propose a framework that integrates how climate change affects spatial population dynamics and the effects of habitat fragmentation in terms of: (i) habitat quality, quantity and distribution; (ii) habitat connectivity; and (iii) the dynamics of habitat itself. We use the framework to categorize existing autecological studies and investigate how each is affected by anthropogenic climate change. It is clear that a changing climate produces changes in the geographic distribution of climatic conditions, and the amount and quality of habitat. The most thorough published studies show how such changes impact metapopulation persistence, source-sink dynamics, changes in species' geographic range and community composition. Climate-related changes in movement behavior and quantity, quality and distribution of habitat have also produced empirical changes in habitat connectivity for some species. An underexplored area is how habitat dynamics that are driven by climatic processes will affect species that live in dynamic habitats. We end our discussion by suggesting ways to improve current attempts to integrate climate change, spatial population dynamics and habitat fragmentation effects, and suggest distinct areas of study that might provide opportunities for more fully integrative work. © 2015 International Society of Zoological Sciences, Institute of Zoology/Chinese Academy of Sciences and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  18. Model-data integration to improve the LPJmL dynamic global vegetation model (United States)

    Forkel, Matthias; Thonicke, Kirsten; Schaphoff, Sibyll; Thurner, Martin; von Bloh, Werner; Dorigo, Wouter; Carvalhais, Nuno


    Dynamic global vegetation models show large uncertainties regarding the development of the land carbon balance under future climate change conditions. This uncertainty is partly caused by differences in how vegetation carbon turnover is represented in global vegetation models. Model-data integration approaches might help to systematically assess and improve model performances and thus to potentially reduce the uncertainty in terrestrial vegetation responses under future climate change. Here we present several applications of model-data integration with the LPJmL (Lund-Potsdam-Jena managed Lands) dynamic global vegetation model to systematically improve the representation of processes or to estimate model parameters. In a first application, we used global satellite-derived datasets of FAPAR (fraction of absorbed photosynthetic activity), albedo and gross primary production to estimate phenology- and productivity-related model parameters using a genetic optimization algorithm. Thereby we identified major limitations of the phenology module and implemented an alternative empirical phenology model. The new phenology module and optimized model parameters resulted in a better performance of LPJmL in representing global spatial patterns of biomass, tree cover, and the temporal dynamic of atmospheric CO2. Therefore, we used in a second application additionally global datasets of biomass and land cover to estimate model parameters that control vegetation establishment and mortality. The results demonstrate the ability to improve simulations of vegetation dynamics but also highlight the need to improve the representation of mortality processes in dynamic global vegetation models. In a third application, we used multiple site-level observations of ecosystem carbon and water exchange, biomass and soil organic carbon to jointly estimate various model parameters that control ecosystem dynamics. This exercise demonstrates the strong role of individual data streams on the

  19. Euler Technology Assessment for Preliminary Aircraft Design: Compressibility Predictions by Employing the Cartesian Unstructured Grid SPLITFLOW Code (United States)

    Finley, Dennis B.; Karman, Steve L., Jr.


    The objective of the second phase of the Euler Technology Assessment program was to evaluate the ability of Euler computational fluid dynamics codes to predict compressible flow effects over a generic fighter wind tunnel model. This portion of the study was conducted by Lockheed Martin Tactical Aircraft Systems, using an in-house Cartesian-grid code called SPLITFLOW. The Cartesian grid technique offers several advantages, including ease of volume grid generation and reduced number of cells compared to other grid schemes. SPLITFLOW also includes grid adaption of the volume grid during the solution to resolve high-gradient regions. The SPLITFLOW code predictions of configuration forces and moments are shown to be adequate for preliminary design, including predictions of sideslip effects and the effects of geometry variations at low and high angles-of-attack. The transonic pressure prediction capabilities of SPLITFLOW are shown to be improved over subsonic comparisons. The time required to generate the results from initial surface data is on the order of several hours, including grid generation, which is compatible with the needs of the design environment.

  20. Cue Integration in Dynamic Decision Marking (Integration des indices dans la Prise de Decision Dynamique) (United States)


    de risques , Ia mauvaise structuration des problemes, les hauts niveaux de complexite, les changements de situation et Ies retards de Ia...Apres une breve analyse , ]’integration des indices a ete choisie le domaine d’interet particulier de Ia Phase II. Dans cette phase...techniques de formation destinees a preparer les commandants et le personnel des etats- majors des Forces canadiennes (FC) a prendre des decisions dans des

  1. Dynamic surface tension measured with an integrated sensor-actuator using electrolytically generated gas bubbles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olthuis, Wouter; Volanschi, Alex; Volanschi, A.; Bergveld, Piet


    In this paper, a new, simple method to determine dynamic surface tension in aqueous solutions is reported, explained and experimentally verified. By function integration, a small device is obtained. Apart from control and interface electronics no external components or systems are necessary. Instead

  2. An integrated model of soil, hydrology, and vegetation for carbon dynamics in wetland ecosystems (United States)

    Yu Zhang; Changsheng Li; Carl C. Trettin; Harbin Li; Ge Sun


    Wetland ecosystems are an important component in global carbon (C) cycles and may exert a large influence on global clinlate change. Predictions of C dynamics require us to consider interactions among many critical factors of soil, hydrology, and vegetation. However, few such integrated C models exist for wetland ecosystems. In this paper, we report a simulation model...

  3. Proceedings: population dynamics, impacts, and integrated management of forest defoliating insects (United States)

    M.L. McManus; A.M., eds. Liebhold


    This publication contains 52 research papers about the population ecology and management of forest insect defoliators. These papers were presented at a joint meeting of working parties S7.03.06, "Integrated Management of Forest Defoliating Insects", and S7.03.07, "Population dynamics of forest insects", of the International Union of Forestry...

  4. Integrated dynamic analysis simulation of space stations with controllable solar arrays (supplemental data and analyses) (United States)

    Heinrichs, J. A.; Fee, J. J.


    Space station and solar array data and the analyses which were performed in support of the integrated dynamic analysis study. The analysis methods and the formulated digital simulation were developed. Control systems for space station altitude control and solar array orientation control include generic type control systems. These systems have been digitally coded and included in the simulation.

  5. The inheritance of dynamic and deontic integrity constraints or: Does the boss have more rights?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wieringa, Roelf J.; Weigand, H.; Meyer, J.-J.Ch.; Dignum, F.P.M.


    In [18,23], we presented a language for the specification of static, dynamic and deontic integrity constraints (IC's) for conceptual models (CM's). An important problem not discussed in that paper is how IC's are inherited in a taxonomic network of types. For example, if students are permitted to

  6. Integrative, dynamic structural biology at atomic resolution--it's about time. (United States)

    van den Bedem, Henry; Fraser, James S


    Biomolecules adopt a dynamic ensemble of conformations, each with the potential to interact with binding partners or perform the chemical reactions required for a multitude of cellular functions. Recent advances in X-ray crystallography, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and other techniques are helping us realize the dream of seeing--in atomic detail--how different parts of biomolecules shift between functional substates using concerted motions. Integrative structural biology has advanced our understanding of the formation of large macromolecular complexes and how their components interact in assemblies by leveraging data from many low-resolution methods. Here, we review the growing opportunities for integrative, dynamic structural biology at the atomic scale, contending there is increasing synergistic potential between X-ray crystallography, NMR and computer simulations to reveal a structural basis for protein conformational dynamics at high resolution.

  7. Integrative, Dynamic Structural Biology at Atomic Resolution—It’s About Time (United States)

    van den Bedem, Henry; Fraser, James S.


    Biomolecules adopt a dynamic ensemble of conformations, each with the potential to interact with binding partners or perform the chemical reactions required for a multitude of cellular functions. Recent advances in X-ray crystallography, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and other techniques are helping us realize the dream of seeing—in atomic detail—how different parts of biomolecules exchange between functional sub-states using concerted motions. Integrative structural biology has advanced our understanding of the formation of large macromolecular complexes and how their components interact in assemblies by leveraging data from many low-resolution methods. Here, we review the growing opportunities for integrative, dynamic structural biology at the atomic scale, contending there is increasing synergistic potential between X-ray crystallography, NMR, and computer simulations to reveal a structural basis for protein conformational dynamics at high resolution. PMID:25825836

  8. Advanced mechanics from Euler's determinism to Arnold's chaos

    CERN Document Server

    Rajeev, S G


    Classical Mechanics is the oldest and best understood part of physics. This does not mean that it is cast in marble yet, a museum piece to be admired from a distance. Instead, mechanics continues to be an active area of research by physicists and mathematicians. Every few years, we need to re-evaluate the purpose of learning mechanics and look at old material in the light of modern developments. Once you have learned basic mechanics (Newton's laws, the solution of the Kepler problem) and quantum mechanics (the Schrodinger equation, hydrogen atom) it is time to go back and relearn classical mechanics in greater depth. It is the intent of this book to take you through the ancient (the original meaning of "classical") parts of the subject quickly: the ideas started by Euler and ending roughly with Poincare. We then take up the developments of twentieth century physics that have largely to do with chaos and discrete time evolution (the basis of numerical solutions).

  9. Topological classification of the Goryachev integrable case in rigid body dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nikolaenko, S S [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)


    A topological analysis of the Goryachev integrable case in rigid body dynamics is made on the basis of the Fomenko-Zieschang theory. The invariants (marked molecules) which are obtained give a complete description, from the standpoint of Liouville classification, of the systems of Goryachev type on various level sets of the energy. It turns out that on appropriate energy levels the Goryachev case is Liouville equivalent to many classical integrable systems and, in particular, the Joukowski, Clebsch, Sokolov and Kovalevskaya-Yehia cases in rigid body dynamics, as well as to some integrable billiards in plane domains bounded by confocal quadrics -- in other words, the foliations given by the closures of generic solutions of these systems have the same structure. Bibliography: 15 titles.

  10. The Dynamic Integrated Evaluation Model (DIEM): Achieving Sustainability in Organizational Intervention through a Participatory Evaluation Approach. (United States)

    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica; Lundmark, Robert; Hasson, Henna


    Recently, there have been calls to develop ways of using a participatory approach when conducting interventions, including evaluating the process and context to improve and adapt the intervention as it evolves over time. The need to integrate interventions into daily organizational practices, thereby increasing the likelihood of successful implementation and sustainable changes, has also been highlighted. We propose an evaluation model-the Dynamic Integrated Evaluation Model (DIEM)-that takes this into consideration. In the model, evaluation is fitted into a co-created iterative intervention process, in which the intervention activities can be continuously adapted based on collected data. By explicitly integrating process and context factors, DIEM also considers the dynamic sustainability of the intervention over time. It emphasizes the practical value of these evaluations for organizations, as well as the importance of their rigorousness for research purposes. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  11. Research on three different Euler's schemes applied to a delta wing with vortical flows (United States)

    Longo, J. M. A.

    The capability of the numerical solution of the Euler equations to predict vortex flow fields around a sharp leading edge cropped delta wing at moderate to high angles of attack was investigated for subsonic and transonic flow regimes. The solution of the Euler equations discretized on a given grid is independent of the numerical scheme used to solve the Euler equations, and also of the grid topology and the convergence level. Only the numerical dissipation is responsible for the deviation in the solutions. The dominant effect is related to the truncation error, which is drastically reduced by a proper mesh design in places where high flow grandients are expected. The comparison of computed results with experimental data proves that Euler solvers are a valuable engineering tool for total forces prediction including vortex bursting phenomena and vortex-shock wave interaction.

  12. Some New Formulae for Genocchi Numbers and Polynomials Involving Bernoulli and Euler Polynomials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan Araci


    Full Text Available We give some new formulae for product of two Genocchi polynomials including Euler polynomials and Bernoulli polynomials. Moreover, we derive some applications for Genocchi polynomials to study a matrix formulation.

  13. Quasi-polynomial 3D electric and magnetic potentials homogeneous in Euler's sense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander S. Berdnikov


    Full Text Available Electric and magnetic fields homogeneous in Euler's sense are a useful instrument for designing the systems of charge particle optics. The similarity principle for the charged particle trajectories in these fields was applied by Golikov for the first time to create spectrographic charge particle optical systems in a more systematic and intelligence way when using the fields being homogeneous in Euler's sense. This paper studies the Laplace potentials homogeneous in Euler's sense. The coefficients of the polynomials are functions of the two rest coordinates; they are presented not by the polynomial but ought to be the functions harmonic and homogeneous in Euler's sense. We have solved a finite chain of Poisson equations starting from the highest coefficients. By means of the proposed procedure we obtained new classes of potentials which provided a base for electric and magnetic spectrograph systems.

  14. The symplectic structure of Euler-Lagrange superequations and Batalin-Vilkoviski formalism

    CERN Document Server

    Monterde, J


    We study the graded Euler-Lagrange equations from the viewpoint of graded Poincare-Cartan forms. An application to a certain class of solutions of the Batalin-Vilkoviski master equation is also given.

  15. Hamiltonian discontinuous Galerkin FEM for linear, rotating incompressible Euler equations: inertial waves

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nurijanyan, S.; van der Vegt, Jacobus J.W.; Bokhove, Onno


    A discontinuous Galerkin finite element method (DGFEM) has been developed and tested for the linear, three-dimensional, rotating incompressible Euler equations. These equations admit complicated wave solutions, which poses numerical challenges. These challenges concern: (i) discretisation of a

  16. On known and less known relations of Leonhard Euler with Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Sznajder


    Full Text Available In this work we focus on research contacts of Leonhard Euler with Polish scientists of his era, mainly with those from the city of Gdańsk (then Gedanum, Danzig. L. Euler was the most prolific mathematician of all times, the most outstanding mathematician of the 18th century, and one of the best ever. The complete edition of his manuscripts is still in process (Kleinert 2015; Kleinert, Mattmüller 2007. Euler’s contacts with French, German, Russian, and Swiss scientists have been widely known, while relations with Poland, then one of the largest European countries, are still in oblivion. Euler visited Poland only once, in June of 1766, on his way back from Berlin to St. Petersburg. He was hosted for ten days in Warsaw by Stanisław II August Poniatowski, the last king of Poland. Many Polish scientists were introduced to Euler, not only from mathematical circles, but also astronomers and geographers. The correspondence of Euler with Gdańsk scientists and officials, including Carl L. Ehler, Heinrich Kühn and Nathanael M. von Wolf, originated already in the mid-1730s. We highlight the relations of L. Euler with H. Kühn, a professor of mathematics at the Danzig Academic Gymnasium and arguably the best Polish mathematician of his era. It was H. Kühn from whom Euler learned about the Königsberg Bridge Problem; hence one can argue that the beginning of the graph theory and topology of the plane originated in Gdańsk. In addition, H. Kühn was the first mathematician who proposed a geometric interpretation of complex numbers, the theme very much appreciated by Euler. Findings included in this paper are either unknown or little known to a general mathematical community.

  17. Wing design code using three-dimensional Euler equations and optimization (United States)

    Chang, I-Chung; Torres, Francisco J.; Van Dam, C. P.


    This paper describes a new wing design code which is based on the Euler equations and a constrained numerical optimization technique. The geometry modification is based on a set of fundamental modes define on the unit interval. A design example involving a high speed civil transport wing is presented to demonstrate the usefulness of the design code. It is shown that the use of an Euler solver in the direct numerical optimization procedures is affordable on the current generation of supercomputers.

  18. Geometrical statistics of fluid deformation: Restricted Euler approximation and the effects of pressure


    Li, Y.


    The geometrical statistics of fluid deformation are analyzed theoretically within the framework of the restricted Euler approximation, and numerically using direct numerical simulations. The restricted Euler analysis predicts that asymptotically a material line element becomes an eigenvector of the velocity gradient regardless its initial orientation. The asymptotic stretching rate equals the intermediate eigenvalue of the strain rate tensor. Analyses of numerical data show that the pressure ...

  19. Cartesian Mesh Linearized Euler Equations Solver for Aeroacoustic Problems around Full Aircraft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuma Fukushima


    Full Text Available The linearized Euler equations (LEEs solver for aeroacoustic problems has been developed on block-structured Cartesian mesh to address complex geometry. Taking advantage of the benefits of Cartesian mesh, we employ high-order schemes for spatial derivatives and for time integration. On the other hand, the difficulty of accommodating curved wall boundaries is addressed by the immersed boundary method. The resulting LEEs solver is robust to complex geometry and numerically efficient in a parallel environment. The accuracy and effectiveness of the present solver are validated by one-dimensional and three-dimensional test cases. Acoustic scattering around a sphere and noise propagation from the JT15D nacelle are computed. The results show good agreement with analytical, computational, and experimental results. Finally, noise propagation around fuselage-wing-nacelle configurations is computed as a practical example. The results show that the sound pressure level below the over-the-wing nacelle (OWN configuration is much lower than that of the conventional DLR-F6 aircraft configuration due to the shielding effect of the OWN configuration.

  20. Quasi-periodic non-stationary solutions of 3D Euler equations for incompressible flow

    CERN Document Server

    Ershkov, Sergey V


    A novel derivation of non-stationary solutions of 3D Euler equations for incompressible inviscid flow is considered here. Such a solution is the product of 2 separated parts: - one consisting of the spatial component and the other being related to the time dependent part. Spatial part of a solution could be determined if we substitute such a solution to the equations of motion (equation of momentum) with the requirement of scale-similarity in regard to the proper component of spatial velocity. So, the time-dependent part of equations of momentum should depend on the time-parameter only. The main result, which should be outlined, is that the governing (time-dependent) ODE-system consist of 2 Riccati-type equations in regard to each other, which has no solution in general case. But we obtain conditions when each component of time-dependent part is proved to be determined by the proper elliptical integral in regard to the time-parameter t, which is a generalization of the class of inverse periodic functions.

  1. Path integral centroid molecular dynamics simulations of semiinfinite slab and bulk liquid of para-hydrogen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kinugawa, Kenichi [Nara Women`s Univ., Nara (Japan). Dept. of Chemistry


    It has been unsuccessful to solve a set of time-dependent Schroedinger equations numerically for many-body quantum systems which involve, e.g., a number of hydrogen molecules, protons, and excess electrons at a low temperature, where quantum effect evidently appears. This undesirable situation is fatal for the investigation of real low-temperature chemical systems because they are essentially composed of many quantum degrees of freedom. However, if we use a new technique called `path integral centroid molecular dynamics (CMD) simulation` proposed by Cao and Voth in 1994, the real-time semi-classical dynamics of many degrees of freedom can be computed by utilizing the techniques already developed in the traditional classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Therefore, the CMD simulation is expected to be very powerful tool for the quantum dynamics studies or real substances. (J.P.N.)

  2. Optimal Strategy for Integrated Dynamic Inventory Control and Supplier Selection in Unknown Environment via Stochastic Dynamic Programming (United States)

    Sutrisno; Widowati; Solikhin


    In this paper, we propose a mathematical model in stochastic dynamic optimization form to determine the optimal strategy for an integrated single product inventory control problem and supplier selection problem where the demand and purchasing cost parameters are random. For each time period, by using the proposed model, we decide the optimal supplier and calculate the optimal product volume purchased from the optimal supplier so that the inventory level will be located at some point as close as possible to the reference point with minimal cost. We use stochastic dynamic programming to solve this problem and give several numerical experiments to evaluate the model. From the results, for each time period, the proposed model was generated the optimal supplier and the inventory level was tracked the reference point well.

  3. The LEM exponential integrator for advection-diffusion-reaction equations (United States)

    Caliari, Marco; Vianello, Marco; Bergamaschi, Luca


    We implement a second-order exponential integrator for semidiscretized advection-diffusion-reaction equations, obtained by coupling exponential-like Euler and Midpoint integrators, and computing the relevant matrix exponentials by polynomial interpolation at Leja points. Numerical tests on 2D models discretized in space by finite differences or finite elements, show that the Leja-Euler-Midpoint (LEM) exponential integrator can be up to 5 times faster than a classical second-order implicit solver.

  4. Integrated 6-DOF Orbit-Attitude Dynamical Modeling and Control Using Geometric Mechanics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ling Jiang


    Full Text Available The integrated 6-DOF orbit-attitude dynamical modeling and control have shown great importance in various missions, for example, formation flying and proximity operations. The integrated approach yields better performances than the separate one in terms of accuracy, efficiency, and agility. One challenge in the integrated approach is to find a unified representation for the 6-DOF motion with configuration space SE(3. Recently, exponential coordinates of SE(3 have been used in dynamics and control of the 6-DOF motion, however, only on the kinematical level. In this paper, we will improve the current method by adopting exponential coordinates on the dynamical level, by giving the relation between the second-order derivative of exponential coordinates and spacecraft’s accelerations. In this way, the 6-DOF motion in terms of exponential coordinates can be written as a second-order system with a quite compact form, to which a broader range of control theories, such as higher-order sliding modes, can be applied. For a demonstration purpose, a simple asymptotic tracking control law with almost global convergence is designed. Finally, the integrated modeling and control are applied to the body-fixed hovering over an asteroid and verified by a simulation, in which absolute motions of the spacecraft and asteroid are simulated separately.

  5. An electrically actuated imperfect microbeam: Dynamical integrity for interpreting and predicting the device response

    KAUST Repository

    Ruzziconi, Laura


    In this study we deal with a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) and develop a dynamical integrity analysis to interpret and predict the experimental response. The device consists of a clamped-clamped polysilicon microbeam, which is electrostatically and electrodynamically actuated. It has non-negligible imperfections, which are a typical consequence of the microfabrication process. A single-mode reduced-order model is derived and extensive numerical simulations are performed in a neighborhood of the first symmetric natural frequency, via frequency response diagrams and behavior chart. The typical softening behavior is observed and the overall scenario is explored, when both the frequency and the electrodynamic voltage are varied. We show that simulations based on direct numerical integration of the equation of motion in time yield satisfactory agreement with the experimental data. Nevertheless, these theoretical predictions are not completely fulfilled in some aspects. In particular, the range of existence of each attractor is smaller in practice than in the simulations. This is because these theoretical curves represent the ideal limit case where disturbances are absent, which never occurs under realistic conditions. A reliable prediction of the actual (and not only theoretical) range of existence of each attractor is essential in applications. To overcome this discrepancy and extend the results to the practical case where disturbances exist, a dynamical integrity analysis is developed. After introducing dynamical integrity concepts, integrity profiles and integrity charts are drawn. They are able to describe if each attractor is robust enough to tolerate the disturbances. Moreover, they detect the parameter range where each branch can be reliably observed in practice and where, instead, becomes vulnerable, i.e. they provide valuable information to operate the device in safe conditions according to the desired outcome and depending on the expected disturbances

  6. Path integral molecular dynamics with surface hopping for thermal equilibrium sampling of nonadiabatic systems. (United States)

    Lu, Jianfeng; Zhou, Zhennan


    In this work, a novel ring polymer representation for a multi-level quantum system is proposed for thermal average calculations. The proposed representation keeps the discreteness of the electronic states: besides position and momentum, each bead in the ring polymer is also characterized by a surface index indicating the electronic energy surface. A path integral molecular dynamics with surface hopping (PIMD-SH) dynamics is also developed to sample the equilibrium distribution of the ring polymer configurational space. The PIMD-SH sampling method is validated theoretically and by numerical examples.

  7. The dynamics of software development project management: An integrative systems dynamic perspective (United States)

    Vandervelde, W. E.; Abdel-Hamid, T.


    Rather than continuing to focus on software development projects per se, the system dynamics modeling approach outlined is extended to investigate a broader set of issues pertaining to the software development organization. Rather than trace the life cycle(s) of one or more software projects, the focus is on the operations of a software development department as a continuous stream of software products are developed, placed into operation, and maintained. A number of research questions are ""ripe'' for investigating including: (1) the efficacy of different organizational structures in different software development environments, (2) personnel turnover, (3) impact of management approaches such as management by objectives, and (4) the organizational/environmental determinants of productivity.

  8. Dynamic “Inline” Images: Context-Sensitive Retrieval and Integration of Images into Web Documents


    Kahn, Charles E.


    Integrating relevant images into web-based information resources adds value for research and education. This work sought to evaluate the feasibility of using “Web 2.0” technologies to dynamically retrieve and integrate pertinent images into a radiology web site. An online radiology reference of 1,178 textual web documents was selected as the set of target documents. The ARRS GoldMiner™ image search engine, which incorporated 176,386 images from 228 peer-reviewed journals, retrieved images on ...

  9. Transport coefficients of normal liquid helium-4 calculated by path integral centroid molecular dynamics simulation (United States)

    Imaoka, Haruna; Kinugawa, Kenichi


    Thermal conductivity, shear viscosity, and bulk viscosity of normal liquid 4He at 1.7-4.0 K are calculated using path integral centroid molecular dynamics (CMD) simulations. The calculated thermal conductivity and shear viscosity above lambda transition temperature are on the same order of magnitude as experimental values, while the agreement of shear viscosity is better. Above 2.3 K the CMD well reproduces the temperature dependences of isochoric shear viscosity and of the time integral of the energy current and off-diagonal stress tensor correlation functions. The calculated bulk viscosity, not known in experiments, is several times larger than shear viscosity.

  10. Integrable three-dimensional coupled nonlinear dynamical systems related with centrally extended operator Lie algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oksana Ye. Hentosh


    Full Text Available A hierarchy of Lax-type flows on a dual space to the centrally extended Lie algebra of integral-differential operators with matrix-valued coefficients is considered. By means of a specially constructed Backlund transformation the Hamiltonian representations for these flows coupled with suitable eigenfunctions and adjoint eigenfunctions evolutions of associated spectral problems are obtained. The Hamiltonian description of the corresponding set of additional symmetry hierarchies is represented. The relation of these hierarchies with Lax integrable \\((3+1\\-dimensional nonlinear dynamical systems and their triple Lax-type linearizations is analysed.

  11. Grid Integration of Offshore Wind Farms via VSC-HVDC – Dynamic Stability Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Hongzhi

    farms could seriously impact the operation and stability of their interconnected power system. To assist in maintaining the power system stability when large disturbances occur in the grid, modern offshore wind farms consisting of variable-speed wind turbines are required to provide ancillary services......-HVDC transmission are addressed. The main objectives have been to study the dynamic interactions between offshore wind farms and interconnected power systems, pinpoint the impact on the electrical grid while integrating large-scale offshore wind farms via VSC-HVDC link and propose potential solutions to improve...... the dynamic stability of the network. This research work starts with the modelling of full converter wind turbine and VSC-HVDC transmission system. Then, based on those models, the impact of integration of a large offshore wind farm into the power system through VSC-HVDC transmission is investigated...

  12. Efficient molecular dynamics using geodesic integration and solvent–solute splitting (United States)

    Leimkuhler, Benedict


    We present an approach to Langevin dynamics in the presence of holonomic constraints based on decomposition of the system into components representing geodesic flow, constrained impulse and constrained diffusion. We show that a particular ordering of the components results in an integrator that is an order of magnitude more accurate for configurational averages than existing alternatives. Moreover, by combining the geodesic integration method with a solvent–solute force splitting, we demonstrate that stepsizes of at least 8 fs can be used for solvated biomolecules with high sampling accuracy and without substantially altering diffusion rates, approximately increasing by a factor of two the efficiency of molecular dynamics sampling for such systems. The methods described in this article are easily implemented using the standard apparatus of modern simulation codes. PMID:27279779

  13. i-PI: A Python interface for ab initio path integral molecular dynamics simulations (United States)

    Ceriotti, Michele; More, Joshua; Manolopoulos, David E.


    Recent developments in path integral methodology have significantly reduced the computational expense of including quantum mechanical effects in the nuclear motion in ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. However, the implementation of these developments requires a considerable programming effort, which has hindered their adoption. Here we describe i-PI, an interface written in Python that has been designed to minimise the effort required to bring state-of-the-art path integral techniques to an electronic structure program. While it is best suited to first principles calculations and path integral molecular dynamics, i-PI can also be used to perform classical molecular dynamics simulations, and can just as easily be interfaced with an empirical forcefield code. To give just one example of the many potential applications of the interface, we use it in conjunction with the CP2K electronic structure package to showcase the importance of nuclear quantum effects in high-pressure water. Catalogue identifier: AERN_v1_0 Program summary URL: Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen’s University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: GNU General Public License, version 3 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 138626 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 3128618 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Python. Computer: Multiple architectures. Operating system: Linux, Mac OSX, Windows. RAM: Less than 256 Mb Classification: 7.7. External routines: NumPy Nature of problem: Bringing the latest developments in the modelling of nuclear quantum effects with path integral molecular dynamics to ab initio electronic structure programs with minimal implementational effort. Solution method: State-of-the-art path integral molecular dynamics techniques are implemented in a Python interface. Any electronic structure code can be patched to receive the atomic

  14. Dynamic pricing based on a cloud computing framework to support the integration of renewable energy sources


    Rajeev Thankappan Nair; Ashok Sankar


    Integration of renewable energy sources into the electric grid in the domestic sector results in bidirectional energy flow from the supply side of the consumer to the grid. Traditional pricing methods are difficult to implement in such a situation of bidirectional energy flow and they face operational challenges on the application of price-based demand side management programme because of the intermittent characteristics of renewable energy sources. In this study, a dynamic pricing method usi...

  15. Measuring the Dynamics of Young and Small Businesses: Integrating the Employer and Nonemployer Universes


    Davis, Steven J.; John Haltiwanger; Ronald S. Jarmin; C J Krizan; Javier Miranda; Alfred Nucci; Kristin Sandusky


    We develop a preliminary version of an Integrated Longitudinal Business Database (ILBD) that combines administrative records and survey data for all employer and nonemployer business units in the United States. Unlike other large-scale business databases, the ILBD tracks business transitions from nonemployer to employer status. This feature of the ILBD opens a new frontier for the study of business formation, early lifecycle dynamics and the precursors to job creation in the U.S. economy. The...

  16. An object-oriented framework for dynamic ecosystem modeling: application for integrated risk assessment. (United States)

    Sydelko, P J; Hlohowskyj, I; Majerus, K; Christiansen, J; Dolph, J


    Ecological risk assessment requires the integration of a wide range of data on anthropogenic processes, ecological processes and on processes related to environmental fate and transport. It is a major challenge to assemble a simulation system that can successfully capture the dynamics of complex ecological systems and an even more serious challenge to be able to adapt such a simulation to shifting and expanding analytical requirements and contexts. The dynamic information architecture system (DIAS) is a flexible, extensible, object-based framework for developing and maintaining complex simulations. DIAS supports simulations in which the real-world entities that make up ecological systems are represented as software 'entity objects'. The object-oriented integrated dynamic landscape analysis and modeling system (OO-IDLAMS) provides a good example of how DIAS has been used to build a suite of models for the purpose of assessing the ecological impacts of military land use and land management practices. OO-IDLAMS is a prototype conservation modeling suite that provides military environmental managers and decision-makers with a strategic, integrated and adaptive approach to natural resources planning and ecosystem management. The OO-IDLAMS prototype used Fort Riley, Kansas as a case study to demonstrate DIAS' capabilities to offer flexibility, interprocess dynamics and cost-effective reuse of code for ecosystem modeling and simulation. DIAS can also readily lend itself to other applications in ecological risk assessment. It has great potential for the integration of ecological models (associated with biological uptake and effects) with environmental fate and transport models. A DIAS ecological risk assessment application could be used to predict the magnitude and extent of ecological risks and evaluate remedy effectiveness in a timely and cost-effective manner.

  17. Identifying protein complex by integrating characteristic of core-attachment into dynamic PPI network.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xianjun Shen

    Full Text Available How to identify protein complex is an important and challenging task in proteomics. It would make great contribution to our knowledge of molecular mechanism in cell life activities. However, the inherent organization and dynamic characteristic of cell system have rarely been incorporated into the existing algorithms for detecting protein complexes because of the limitation of protein-protein interaction (PPI data produced by high throughput techniques. The availability of time course gene expression profile enables us to uncover the dynamics of molecular networks and improve the detection of protein complexes. In order to achieve this goal, this paper proposes a novel algorithm DCA (Dynamic Core-Attachment. It detects protein-complex core comprising of continually expressed and highly connected proteins in dynamic PPI network, and then the protein complex is formed by including the attachments with high adhesion into the core. The integration of core-attachment feature into the dynamic PPI network is responsible for the superiority of our algorithm. DCA has been applied on two different yeast dynamic PPI networks and the experimental results show that it performs significantly better than the state-of-the-art techniques in terms of prediction accuracy, hF-measure and statistical significance in biology. In addition, the identified complexes with strong biological significance provide potential candidate complexes for biologists to validate.

  18. Dynamic Complexity Study of Nuclear Reactor and Process Heat Application Integration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J' Tia Patrice Taylor; David E. Shropshire


    Abstract This paper describes the key obstacles and challenges facing the integration of nuclear reactors with process heat applications as they relate to dynamic issues. The paper also presents capabilities of current modeling and analysis tools available to investigate these issues. A pragmatic approach to an analysis is developed with the ultimate objective of improving the viability of nuclear energy as a heat source for process industries. The extension of nuclear energy to process heat industries would improve energy security and aid in reduction of carbon emissions by reducing demands for foreign derived fossil fuels. The paper begins with an overview of nuclear reactors and process application for potential use in an integrated system. Reactors are evaluated against specific characteristics that determine their compatibility with process applications such as heat outlet temperature. The reactor system categories include light water, heavy water, small to medium, near term high-temperature, and far term high temperature reactors. Low temperature process systems include desalination, district heating, and tar sands and shale oil recovery. High temperature processes that support hydrogen production include steam reforming, steam cracking, hydrogen production by electrolysis, and far-term applications such as the sulfur iodine chemical process and high-temperature electrolysis. A simple static matching between complementary systems is performed; however, to gain a true appreciation for system integration complexity, time dependent dynamic analysis is required. The paper identifies critical issues arising from dynamic complexity associated with integration of systems. Operational issues include scheduling conflicts and resource allocation for heat and electricity. Additionally, economic and safety considerations that could impact the successful integration of these systems are considered. Economic issues include the cost differential arising due to an integrated

  19. Calculation of heat capacities of light and heavy water by path-integral molecular dynamics. (United States)

    Shiga, Motoyuki; Shinoda, Wataru


    As an application of atomistic simulation methods to heat capacities, path-integral molecular dynamics has been used to calculate the constant-volume heat capacities of light and heavy water in the gas, liquid, and solid phases. While the classical simulation based on conventional molecular dynamics has estimated the heat capacities too high, the quantum simulation based on path-integral molecular dynamics has given reasonable results based on the simple point-charge/flexible potential model. The calculated heat capacities (divided by the Boltzmann constant) in the quantum simulation are 3.1 in the vapor H2O at 300 K, 6.9 in the liquid H2O at 300 K, and 4.1 in the ice Ih H2O at 250 K, respectively, which are comparable to the experimental data of 3.04, 8.9, and 4.1, respectively. The quantum simulation also reproduces the isotope effect. The heat capacity in the liquid D2O has been calculated to be 10% higher than that of H2O, while it is 13% higher in the experiment. The results demonstrate that the path-integral simulation is a promising approach to quantitatively evaluate the heat capacities for molecular systems, taking account of quantum-mechanical vibrations as well as strongly anharmonic motions.

  20. Dynamic performance of a novel offshore power system integrated with a wind farm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Orlandini, Valentina; Pierobon, Leonardo; Schløer, Signe


    Offshore wind technology is rapidly developing and a wind farm can be integrated with offshore power stations. This paper considers as case study a futuristic platform powered by a wind farm and three combined cycle units consisting of a gas turbine and an ORC (organic Rankine cycle) module. The ...... decreasing frequency oscillations and fuel consumptions of the platform, with respect to the simplified configuration. On the other hand, the dynamic response of the combined cycle units is slower due to the thermal inertia of the heat transfer equipment.......Offshore wind technology is rapidly developing and a wind farm can be integrated with offshore power stations. This paper considers as case study a futuristic platform powered by a wind farm and three combined cycle units consisting of a gas turbine and an ORC (organic Rankine cycle) module....... The first aim of this paper is to identify the maximum amount of wind power that can be integrated into the system, without compromising the electric grid balance. The stability of the grid is tested using a dynamic model of the power system based on first principles. Additionally, the dynamics...

  1. Integration of Multiple Data Sources to Simulate the Dynamics of Land Systems (United States)

    Deng, Xiangzheng; Su, Hongbo; Zhan, Jinyan


    In this paper we present and develop a new model, which we have called Dynamics of Land Systems (DLS). The DLS model is capable of integrating multiple data sources to simulate the dynamics of a land system. Three main modules are incorporated in DLS: a spatial regression module, to explore the relationship between land uses and influencing factors, a scenario analysis module of the land uses of a region during the simulation period and a spatial disaggregation module, to allocate land use changes from a regional level to disaggregated grid cells. A case study on Taips County in North China is incorporated in this paper to test the functionality of DLS. The simulation results under the baseline, economic priority and environmental scenarios help to understand the land system dynamics and project near future land-use trajectories of a region, in order to focus management decisions on land uses and land use planning. PMID:27879726

  2. Neural Dynamics of Audiovisual Speech Integration under Variable Listening Conditions: An Individual Participant Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas eAltieri


    Full Text Available Speech perception engages both auditory and visual modalities. Limitations of traditional accuracy-only approaches in the investigation of audiovisual speech perception have motivated the use of new methodologies. In an audiovisual speech identification task, we utilized capacity (Townsend & Nozawa, 1995, a dynamic measure of efficiency, to quantify audiovisual integration. Capacity was used to compare RT distributions from audiovisual trials to RT distributions from auditory-only and visual-only trials across three listening conditions: clear auditory signal, S/N ratio of -12 dB, and S/N ratio of -18 dB. The purpose was to obtain EEG recordings in conjunction with capacity to investigate how a late ERP co-varies with integration efficiency. Results showed efficient audiovisual integration for low auditory S/N ratios, but inefficient audiovisual integration when the auditory signal was clear. The ERP analyses showed evidence for greater audiovisual amplitude in lower auditory S/N ratios (higher capacity/efficiency compared to the high S/N ratio (low capacity/inefficient integration. The data are consistent with an interactive framework of integration, where auditory recognition is influenced by speech-reading as a function of signal clarity.

  3. A Tailored Computation of the Mean Dynamic Topography for a Consistent Integration into Ocean Circulation Models (United States)

    Becker, S.; Losch, M.; Brockmann, J. M.; Freiwald, G.; Schuh, W.-D.


    Geostrophic surface velocities can be derived from the gradients of the mean dynamic topography—the difference between the mean sea surface and the geoid. Therefore, independently observed mean dynamic topography data are valuable input parameters and constraints for ocean circulation models. For a successful fit to observational dynamic topography data, not only the mean dynamic topography on the particular ocean model grid is required, but also information about its inverse covariance matrix. The calculation of the mean dynamic topography from satellite-based gravity field models and altimetric sea surface height measurements, however, is not straightforward. For this purpose, we previously developed an integrated approach to combining these two different observation groups in a consistent way without using the common filter approaches (Becker et al. in J Geodyn 59(60):99-110, 2012; Becker in Konsistente Kombination von Schwerefeld, Altimetrie und hydrographischen Daten zur Modellierung der dynamischen Ozeantopographie 2012). Within this combination method, the full spectral range of the observations is considered. Further, it allows the direct determination of the normal equations (i.e., the inverse of the error covariance matrix) of the mean dynamic topography on arbitrary grids, which is one of the requirements for ocean data assimilation. In this paper, we report progress through selection and improved processing of altimetric data sets. We focus on the preprocessing steps of along-track altimetry data from Jason-1 and Envisat to obtain a mean sea surface profile. During this procedure, a rigorous variance propagation is accomplished, so that, for the first time, the full covariance matrix of the mean sea surface is available. The combination of the mean profile and a combined GRACE/GOCE gravity field model yields a mean dynamic topography model for the North Atlantic Ocean that is characterized by a defined set of assumptions. We show that including the

  4. Integration of Molecular Dynamics Based Predictions into the Optimization of De Novo Protein Designs: Limitations and Benefits. (United States)

    Carvalho, Henrique F; Barbosa, Arménio J M; Roque, Ana C A; Iranzo, Olga; Branco, Ricardo J F


    Recent advances in de novo protein design have gained considerable insight from the intrinsic dynamics of proteins, based on the integration of molecular dynamics simulations protocols on the state-of-the-art de novo protein design protocols used nowadays. With this protocol we illustrate how to set up and run a molecular dynamics simulation followed by a functional protein dynamics analysis. New users will be introduced to some useful open-source computational tools, including the GROMACS molecular dynamics simulation software package and ProDy for protein structural dynamics analysis.

  5. Global format for energy-momentum based time integration in nonlinear dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krenk, Steen


    in fourth‐order form consisting of the end‐point mean value plus a term containing the stiffness matrix increment. This form gives energy conservation for systems with internal energy as a quartic function of the displacement components. This representation is then extended to general energy conservation...... via a discrete gradient representation. The present procedure works directly with the internal force and the stiffness matrix at the time integration interval end‐points, and in contrast to previous energy‐conserving algorithms, it does not require any special form of the energy function nor use......A global format is developed for momentum and energy consistent time integration of second‐order dynamic systems with general nonlinear stiffness. The algorithm is formulated by integrating the state‐space equations of motion over the time increment. The internal force is first represented...

  6. A modified precise integration method for transient dynamic analysis in structural systems with multiple damping models (United States)

    Ding, Zhe; Li, Li; Hu, Yujin


    Sophisticated engineering systems are usually assembled by subcomponents with significantly different levels of energy dissipation. Therefore, these damping systems often contain multiple damping models and lead to great difficulties in analyzing. This paper aims at developing a time integration method for structural systems with multiple damping models. The dynamical system is first represented by a generally damped model. Based on this, a new extended state-space method for the damped system is derived. A modified precise integration method with Gauss-Legendre quadrature is then proposed. The numerical stability and accuracy of the proposed integration method are discussed in detail. It is verified that the method is conditionally stable and has inherent algorithmic damping, period error and amplitude decay. Numerical examples are provided to assess the performance of the proposed method compared with other methods. It is demonstrated that the method is more accurate than other methods with rather good efficiency and the stable condition is easy to be satisfied in practice.

  7. The Integrated Use of Enterprise and System Dynamics Modelling Techniques in Support of Business Decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Agyapong-Kodua


    Full Text Available Enterprise modelling techniques support business process (reengineering by capturing existing processes and based on perceived outputs, support the design of future process models capable of meeting enterprise requirements. System dynamics modelling tools on the other hand are used extensively for policy analysis and modelling aspects of dynamics which impact on businesses. In this paper, the use of enterprise and system dynamics modelling techniques has been integrated to facilitate qualitative and quantitative reasoning about the structures and behaviours of processes and resource systems used by a Manufacturing Enterprise during the production of composite bearings. The case study testing reported has led to the specification of a new modelling methodology for analysing and managing dynamics and complexities in production systems. This methodology is based on a systematic transformation process, which synergises the use of a selection of public domain enterprise modelling, causal loop and continuous simulation modelling techniques. The success of the modelling process defined relies on the creation of useful CIMOSA process models which are then converted to causal loops. The causal loop models are then structured and translated to equivalent dynamic simulation models using the proprietary continuous simulation modelling tool iThink.

  8. Integration of dynamical data in a geostatistical model of reservoir; Integration des donnees dynamiques dans un modele geostatistique de reservoir

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa Reis, L.


    We have developed in this thesis a methodology of integrated characterization of heterogeneous reservoirs, from geologic modeling to history matching. This methodology is applied to the reservoir PBR, situated in Campos Basin, offshore Brazil, which has been producing since June 1979. This work is an extension of two other thesis concerning geologic and geostatistical modeling of the reservoir PBR from well data and seismic information. We extended the geostatistical litho-type model to the whole reservoir by using a particular approach of the non-stationary truncated Gaussian simulation method. This approach facilitated the application of the gradual deformation method to history matching. The main stages of the methodology for dynamic data integration in a geostatistical reservoir model are presented. We constructed a reservoir model and the initial difficulties in the history matching led us to modify some choices in the geological, geostatistical and flow models. These difficulties show the importance of dynamic data integration in reservoir modeling. The petrophysical property assignment within the litho-types was done by using well test data. We used an inversion procedure to evaluate the petrophysical parameters of the litho-types. The up-scaling is a necessary stage to reduce the flow simulation time. We compared several up-scaling methods and we show that the passage from the fine geostatistical model to the coarse flow model should be done very carefully. The choice of the fitting parameter depends on the objective of the study. In the case of the reservoir PBR, where water is injected in order to improve the oil recovery, the water rate of the producing wells is directly related to the reservoir heterogeneity. Thus, the water rate was chosen as the fitting parameter. We obtained significant improvements in the history matching of the reservoir PBR. First, by using a method we have proposed, called patchwork. This method allows us to built a coherent

  9. Multistability in an electrically actuated carbon nanotube: A dynamical integrity perspective

    KAUST Repository

    Ruzziconi, Laura


    This study deals with a slacked carbon nanotube, which is electrostatically and electrodynamically actuated. After introducing a reduced-order model, we investigate the overall scenario of the device response when both the frequency and the electrodynamic voltage are varied. Extensive numerical simulations are performed. The nanostructure exhibits several competing attractors with different characteristics. We examine the multistability in detail, based on numerical integration of the equation of motion in time, since it leads to a considerable versatility of behavior, which may be desirable in applications. Nevertheless, these results do not take into account the presence of disturbances, which are unavoidable under realistic conditions. To extend them to the practical case where disturbances exist, we develop a dynamical integrity analysis. This is performed via the combined use of several dynamical integrity tools. Analyzing the potential well, we observe that the device may be vulnerable to pull-in considerably before the theoretical inevitable escape. Focusing on the safe range, the main attractors are examined to investigate the practical probability to catch them and the practical disappearance of the main ones. Special attention is devoted to the practical final response, to detect where the safe jump to another attractor may be ensured and where instead dynamic pull-in may arise. We build the integrity charts, which are able to illustrate if and in which parameter range the theoretical predictions can be guaranteed in practice. They may be used to establish safety factors to effectively operate the device according to the desired outcome, depending on the expected disturbances. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

  10. Integral transformation of Heun's equation and some applications


    竹村, 剛一


    It is known that the Fuchsian differential equation which produces the sixth Painlev\\'e equation corresponds to the Fuchsian differential equation with different parameters via Euler's integral transformation, and Heun's equation also corresponds to Heun's equation with different parameters, again via Euler's integral transformation. In this paper we study the correspondences in detail. After investigating correspondences with respect to monodromy, it is demonstrated that the existence of pol...

  11. Fundamental groups and Euler characteristics of sphere-like digital images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Boxer


    Full Text Available The current paper focuses on fundamental groups and Euler characteristics of various digital models of the 2-dimensional sphere. For all models that we consider, we show that the fundamental groups are trivial, and compute the Euler characteristics (which are not always equal. We consider the connected sum of digital surfaces and investigate how this operation relates to the fundamental group and Euler characteristic. We also consider two related but dierent notions of a digital image having "no holes," and relate this to the triviality of the fundamental group. Many of our results have origins in the paper [15] by S.-E. Han, which contains many errors. We correct these errors when possible, and leave some open questions. We also present some original results.

  12. A novel numerical flux for the 3D Euler equations with general equation of state

    KAUST Repository

    Toro, Eleuterio F.


    Here we extend the flux vector splitting approach recently proposed in (E F Toro and M E Vázquez-Cendón. Flux splitting schemes for the Euler equations. Computers and Fluids. Vol. 70, Pages 1-12, 2012). The scheme was originally presented for the 1D Euler equations for ideal gases and its extension presented in this paper is threefold: (i) we solve the three-dimensional Euler equations on general meshes; (ii) we use a general equation of state; and (iii) we achieve high order of accuracy in both space and time through application of the semi-discrete ADER methodology on general meshes. The resulting methods are systematically assessed for accuracy, robustness and efficiency on a carefully selected suite of test problems. Formal high accuracy is assessed through convergence rates studies for schemes of up to 4th order of accuracy in both space and time on unstructured meshes.

  13. Linear stability analysis of detonations via numerical computation and dynamic mode decomposition

    KAUST Repository

    Kabanov, Dmitry I.


    We introduce a new method to investigate linear stability of gaseous detonations that is based on an accurate shock-fitting numerical integration of the linearized reactive Euler equations with a subsequent analysis of the computed solution via the dynamic mode decomposition. The method is applied to the detonation models based on both the standard one-step Arrhenius kinetics and two-step exothermic-endothermic reaction kinetics. Stability spectra for all cases are computed and analyzed. The new approach is shown to be a viable alternative to the traditional normal-mode analysis used in detonation theory.

  14. Integration agent-based models and GIS as a virtual urban dynamic laboratory (United States)

    Chen, Peng; Liu, Miaolong


    Based on the Agent-based Model and spatial data model, a tight-coupling integrating method of GIS and Agent-based Model (ABM) is to be discussed in this paper. The use of object-orientation for both spatial data and spatial process models facilitates their integration, which can allow exploration and explanation of spatial-temporal phenomena such as urban dynamic. In order to better understand how tight coupling might proceed and to evaluate the possible functional and efficiency gains from such a tight coupling, the agent-based model and spatial data model are discussed, and then the relationships affecting spatial data model and agent-based process models interaction. After that, a realistic crowd flow simulation experiment is presented. Using some tools provided by general GIS systems and a few specific programming languages, a new software system integrating GIS and MAS as a virtual laboratory applicable for simulating pedestrian flows in a crowd activity centre has been developed successfully. Under the environment supported by the software system, as an applicable case, a dynamic evolution process of the pedestrian's flows (dispersed process for the spectators) in a crowds' activity center - The Shanghai Stadium has been simulated successfully. At the end of the paper, some new research problems have been pointed out for the future.

  15. Dynamics of a nonlinear dipole vortex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hesthaven, J.S.; Lynov, Jens-Peter; Nielsen, A.H.


    A localized stationary dipole solution to the Euler equations with a relationship between the vorticity and streamfunction given as omega=-psi+psi(3) is presented. By numerical integration of the Euler equations this dipole is shown to be unstable. However, the initially unstable dipole reorganiz...... of increasing Newtonian viscosity on the nonlinear dipole is studied revealing that even though the nonlinearity is weakening, the dipole does not relax towards a Lamb dipole. (C) 1995 American Institute of Physics....

  16. The inviscid, compressible and rotational, 2D isotropic Burgers and pressureless Euler-Coriolis fluids: Solvable models with illustrations (United States)

    Choquard, Ph.; Vuffray, M.


    The coupling between dilatation and vorticity, two coexisting and fundamental processes in fluid dynamics (Wu et al., 2006, pp. 3, 6) is investigated here, in the simplest cases of inviscid 2D isotropic Burgers and pressureless Euler-Coriolis fluids respectively modeled by single vortices confined in compressible, local, inertial and global, rotating, environments. The field equations are established, inductively, starting from the equations of the characteristics solved with an initial Helmholtz decomposition of the velocity fields namely a vorticity free and a divergence free part (Wu et al., 2006, Sects. 2.3.2, 2.3.3) and, deductively, by means of a canonical Hamiltonian Clebsch like formalism (Clebsch, 1857, 1859), implying two pairs of conjugate variables. Two vector valued fields are constants of the motion: the velocity field in the Burgers case and the momentum field per unit mass in the Euler-Coriolis one. Taking advantage of this property, a class of solutions for the mass densities of the fluids is given by the Jacobian of their sum with respect to the actual coordinates. Implementation of the isotropy hypothesis entails a radial dependence of the velocity potentials and of the stream functions associated to the compressible and to the rotational part of the fluids and results in the cancellation of the dilatation-rotational cross terms in the Jacobian. A simple expression is obtained for all the radially symmetric Jacobians occurring in the theory. Representative examples of regular and singular solutions are shown and the competition between dilatation and vorticity is illustrated. Inspired by thermodynamical, mean field theoretical analogies, a genuine variational formula is proposed which yields unique measure solutions for the radially symmetric fluid densities investigated. We stress that this variational formula, unlike the Hopf-Lax formula, enables us to treat systems which are both compressible and rotational. Moreover in the one

  17. Cauchy Problem for Dissipative Hölder Solutions to the Incompressible Euler Equations (United States)

    Daneri, S.


    We consider solutions to the Cauchy problem for the incompressible Euler equations on the 3-dimensional torus which are continuous or Hölder continuous for any exponent . Using the techniques introduced in De Lellis and Székelyhidi (Inventiones Mathematicae 9:377-407, 2013; Dissipative Euler flows and Onsager's conjecture, 2012), we prove the existence of infinitely many (Hölder) continuous initial vector fields starting from which there exist infinitely many (Hölder) continuous solutions with preassigned total kinetic energy.

  18. Some New Classes of Generalized Apostol-Euler and Apostol-Genocchi Polynomials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Tremblay


    Full Text Available The main object of this paper is to introduce and investigate two new classes of generalized Apostol-Euler and Apostol-Genocchi polynomials. In particular, we obtain a new addition formula for the new class of the generalized Apostol-Euler polynomials. We also give an extension and some analogues of the Srivastava-Pintér addition theorem obtained in the works by Srivastava and Pintér (2004 and R. Tremblay, S. Gaboury, B.-J. Fugère, and Tremblay et al. (2011. for both classes.

  19. Symmetries of the Euler compressible flow equations for general equation of state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boyd, Zachary M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Ramsey, Scott D. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Baty, Roy S. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)


    The Euler compressible flow equations exhibit different Lie symmetries depending on the equation of state (EOS) of the medium in which the flow occurs. This means that, in general, different types of similarity solution will be available in different flow media. We present a comprehensive classification of all EOS’s to which the Euler equations apply, based on the Lie symmetries admitted by the corresponding flow equations, restricting to the case of 1-D planar, cylindrical, or spherical geometry. The results are conveniently summarized in tables. This analysis also clarifies past work by Axford and Ovsiannikov on symmetry classification.

  20. OpenCL parallel integration of ordinary differential equations: Applications in computational dynamics (United States)

    Rodríguez, Marcos; Blesa, Fernando; Barrio, Roberto


    In many physical problems the use of numerical simulations presents the only path to obtain insight into the behavior and evolution of the system of interest. GPU, CPU and MIC technologies are frequently employed for simulations on computational dynamics and we present results comparing different schemes for the numerical integration of ordinary differential systems (ODEs) in these architectures. The use of adapted methods with low memory storage (Low storage Runge-Kutta methods) gives good results for low precision studies, whereas the Taylor series method provides a powerful technique for high precision. We show how the computation of several dynamics indicators, such as a fast chaos indicator (FLI) or a phase shift indicator in small neuron networks (Central Pattern Generators), can be efficiently computed on these architectures by means of the numerical ODE methods executed through OpenCL. This high computational time reduction allows real-time simulations or generating video media.

  1. Elucidating dynamic metabolic physiology through network integration of quantitative time-course metabolomics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bordbar, Aarash; Yurkovich, James T.; Paglia, Giuseppe


    metabolic flux states for red blood cells, platelets, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Notably, only uFBA predicts that stored red blood cells metabolize TCA intermediates to regenerate important cofactors, such as ATP, NADH, and NADPH. These pathway usage predictions were subsequently validated through 13C......The increasing availability of metabolomics data necessitates novel methods for deeper data analysis and interpretation. We present a flux balance analysis method that allows for the computation of dynamic intracellular metabolic changes at the cellular scale through integration of time...... isotopic labeling and metabolic flux analysis in stored red blood cells. Utilizing time-course metabolomics data, uFBA provides an accurate method to predict metabolic physiology at the cellular scale for dynamic systems....

  2. Temperature Dependence of NMR Parameters Calculated from Path Integral Molecular Dynamics Simulations. (United States)

    Dračínský, Martin; Bouř, Petr; Hodgkinson, Paul


    The influence of temperature on NMR chemical shifts and quadrupolar couplings in model molecular organic solids is explored using path integral molecular dynamics (PIMD) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations of shielding and electric field gradient (EFG) tensors. An approach based on convoluting calculated shielding or EFG tensor components with probability distributions of selected bond distances and valence angles obtained from DFT-PIMD simulations at several temperatures is used to calculate the temperature effects. The probability distributions obtained from the quantum PIMD simulations, which includes nuclear quantum effects, are significantly broader and less temperature dependent than those obtained with conventional DFT molecular dynamics or with 1D scans through the potential energy surface. Predicted NMR observables for the model systems were in excellent agreement with experimental data.

  3. A boundary integral method for a dynamic, transient mode I crack problem with viscoelastic cohesive zone

    KAUST Repository

    Leise, Tanya L.


    We consider the problem of the dynamic, transient propagation of a semi-infinite, mode I crack in an infinite elastic body with a nonlinear, viscoelastic cohesize zone. Our problem formulation includes boundary conditions that preclude crack face interpenetration, in contrast to the usual mode I boundary conditions that assume all unloaded crack faces are stress-free. The nonlinear viscoelastic cohesive zone behavior is motivated by dynamic fracture in brittle polymers in which crack propagation is preceeded by significant crazing in a thin region surrounding the crack tip. We present a combined analytical/numerical solution method that involves reducing the problem to a Dirichlet-to-Neumann map along the crack face plane, resulting in a differo-integral equation relating the displacement and stress along the crack faces and within the cohesive zone. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

  4. Dynamic Biogas Upgrading for Integration of Renewable Energy from Wind, Biomass and Solar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jurgensen, Lars

    ) combined heat and power production from biogas during periods of electricity demand, bioenergy utilization becomes a dynamic process. In such a process scheme, biomass, wind, and solar could be integrated in a local context. This thesis aims to demonstrate the feasibility of the dynamic biogas upgrading......The Sabatier process is investigated as a storage scheme for renewable energy. Hydrogen derived from fluctuating renewable energy sources like wind and solar is converted to methane by the hydrogenation/methanation of carbon oxides. Biogas from anaerobic digestion is considered in this study...... as a high concentrated source of carbon dioxide. By using the Sabatier process, the CO2 content of the biogas is converted to CH4, which is a new upgrading process for biogas. By switching between (i) this upgrading process during periods of extensive electricity production from wind and solar, and (ii...

  5. An integrated calcium imaging processing toolbox for the analysis of neuronal population dynamics. (United States)

    Romano, Sebastián A; Pérez-Schuster, Verónica; Jouary, Adrien; Boulanger-Weill, Jonathan; Candeo, Alessia; Pietri, Thomas; Sumbre, Germán


    The development of new imaging and optogenetics techniques to study the dynamics of large neuronal circuits is generating datasets of unprecedented volume and complexity, demanding the development of appropriate analysis tools. We present a comprehensive computational workflow for the analysis of neuronal population calcium dynamics. The toolbox includes newly developed algorithms and interactive tools for image pre-processing and segmentation, estimation of significant single-neuron single-trial signals, mapping event-related neuronal responses, detection of activity-correlated neuronal clusters, exploration of population dynamics, and analysis of clusters' features against surrogate control datasets. The modules are integrated in a modular and versatile processing pipeline, adaptable to different needs. The clustering module is capable of detecting flexible, dynamically activated neuronal assemblies, consistent with the distributed population coding of the brain. We demonstrate the suitability of the toolbox for a variety of calcium imaging datasets. The toolbox open-source code, a step-by-step tutorial and a case study dataset are available at

  6. An integrated calcium imaging processing toolbox for the analysis of neuronal population dynamics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián A Romano


    Full Text Available The development of new imaging and optogenetics techniques to study the dynamics of large neuronal circuits is generating datasets of unprecedented volume and complexity, demanding the development of appropriate analysis tools. We present a comprehensive computational workflow for the analysis of neuronal population calcium dynamics. The toolbox includes newly developed algorithms and interactive tools for image pre-processing and segmentation, estimation of significant single-neuron single-trial signals, mapping event-related neuronal responses, detection of activity-correlated neuronal clusters, exploration of population dynamics, and analysis of clusters' features against surrogate control datasets. The modules are integrated in a modular and versatile processing pipeline, adaptable to different needs. The clustering module is capable of detecting flexible, dynamically activated neuronal assemblies, consistent with the distributed population coding of the brain. We demonstrate the suitability of the toolbox for a variety of calcium imaging datasets. The toolbox open-source code, a step-by-step tutorial and a case study dataset are available at

  7. Toward An Integral Process Theory Of Human Dynamics: Dancing The Universal Tango

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Ross


    Full Text Available This article is an outline toward developing a fuller process theory of human dynamics aimed at practical applications by a diverse audience. The theory represents a transdisciplinary synthesis of a universal pattern and integrates humans’ projection dynamics with complex systems dynamics. Five premises, presented in lay language with examples, capture basic elements involved in the meta process of human development and change: reciprocity, projection, development’s structural limits, oscillations, and structural coupling. Based on a fractal dialectical pattern that shows up wherever complex systems are involved, the theory’s applications are scalable. It could be useful for personal development, public policy design, issue analysis, and systemic action on intransigent issues. It may be a complementary adjunct to developmental stage theories because it deals in an accessible way with the processes involved in stage transitions. Throughout the article, its practical relevance at some individual, social, and political scales is illustrated or mentioned. Readers interested in individual and social change may gain a sense of the human dynamics involved in it, and thus the potential usefulness of a process theory that describes what goes on in human change and development.

  8. Integrated platform for cell culture and dynamic quantification of cell secretion. (United States)

    Kaestli, Alicia J; Junkin, Michael; Tay, Savaş


    We developed an automated microfluidic chip that can measure dynamic cytokine secretion and transcription factor activation from cells responding to time-varying stimuli. Our chip patterns antibodies, exposes cells to time-varying inputs, measures cell secretion dynamics, and quantifies secretion all in the same platform. Secretion dynamics are measured using micrometer-sized immunoassays patterned directly inside the chip. All processes are automated, so that no user input is needed for conducting a complete cycle of device preparation, cell experiments, and secretion quantification. Using this system, we simulated an immune response by exposing cells to stimuli indicative of chronic and increasing inflammation. Specifically, we quantified how macrophages respond to changing levels of the bacterial ligand LPS, in terms of transcription factor NF-κB activity and TNF cytokine secretion. The integration of assay preparation with experimental automation of our system simplifies protocols for measuring cell responses to dynamic and physiologically relevant conditions and enables simpler and more error free means of microfluidic cellular investigations.

  9. Toward An Integral Process Theory Of Human Dynamics:Dancing The Universal Tango

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Ross


    Full Text Available This article is an outline toward developing a fuller process theory of human dynamics aimed at practical applications by a diverse audience. The theory represents a transdisciplinary synthesis of a universal pattern and integrates humans’ projection dynamics with complex systems dynamics. Five premises, presented in lay language with examples, capture basic elements involved in the meta process of human development and change: reciprocity, projection, development’s structural limits, oscillations, and structural coupling. Based on a fractal dialectical pattern that shows up wherever complex systems are involved, the theory’s applications are scalable. It could be useful for personal development, public policy design, issue analysis, and systemic action on intransigent issues. It may be a complementary adjunct to developmental stage theories because it deals in an accessible way with the processes involved in stage transitions. Throughout the article, its practical relevance at some individual, social, and political scales is illustrated or mentioned. Readers interested in individual and social change may gain a sense of the human dynamics involved in it, and thus the potential usefulness of a process theory that describes what goes on in human change and development.

  10. A Pipeline To Enhance Ligand Virtual Screening: Integrating Molecular Dynamics and Fingerprints for Ligand and Proteins. (United States)

    Spyrakis, Francesca; Benedetti, Paolo; Decherchi, Sergio; Rocchia, Walter; Cavalli, Andrea; Alcaro, Stefano; Ortuso, Francesco; Baroni, Massimo; Cruciani, Gabriele


    The importance of taking into account protein flexibility in drug design and virtual ligand screening (VS) has been widely debated in the literature, and molecular dynamics (MD) has been recognized as one of the most powerful tools for investigating intrinsic protein dynamics. Nevertheless, deciphering the amount of information hidden in MD simulations and recognizing a significant minimal set of states to be used in virtual screening experiments can be quite complicated. Here we present an integrated MD-FLAP (molecular dynamics-fingerprints for ligand and proteins) approach, comprising a pipeline of molecular dynamics, clustering and linear discriminant analysis, for enhancing accuracy and efficacy in VS campaigns. We first extracted a limited number of representative structures from tens of nanoseconds of MD trajectories by means of the k-medoids clustering algorithm as implemented in the BiKi Life Science Suite ( [accessed July 21, 2015]). Then, instead of applying arbitrary selection criteria, that is, RMSD, pharmacophore properties, or enrichment performances, we allowed the linear discriminant analysis algorithm implemented in FLAP ( [accessed July 21, 2015]) to automatically choose the best performing conformational states among medoids and X-ray structures. Retrospective virtual screenings confirmed that ensemble receptor protocols outperform single rigid receptor approaches, proved that computationally generated conformations comprise the same quantity/quality of information included in X-ray structures, and pointed to the MD-FLAP approach as a valuable tool for improving VS performances.

  11. Integrated Approach to the Dynamics and Control of Maneuvering Flexible Aircraft (United States)

    Waszak, Martin R. (Technical Monitor); Meirovitch, Leonard; Tuzcu, Ilhan


    This work uses a fundamental approach to the problem of simulating the flight of flexible aircraft. To this end, it integrates into a single formulation the pertinent disciplines, namely, analytical dynamics, structural dynamics, aerodynamics, and controls. It considers both the rigid body motions of the aircraft, three translations (forward motion, sideslip and plunge) and three rotations (roll, pitch and yaw), and the elastic deformations of every point of the aircraft, as well as the aerodynamic, propulsion, gravity and control forces. The equations of motion are expressed in a form ideally suited for computer processing. A perturbation approach yields a flight dynamics problem for the motions of a quasi-rigid aircraft and an 'extended aeroelasticity' problem for the elastic deformations and perturbations in the rigid body motions, with the solution of the first problem entering as an input into the second problem. The control forces for the flight dynamics problem are obtained by an 'inverse' process and the feedback controls for the extended aeroservoelasticity problem are determined by the LQG theory. A numerical example presents time simulations of rigid body perturbations and elastic deformations about 1) a steady level flight and 2) a level steady turn maneuver.

  12. The Dynamic Anaerobic Reactor & Integrated Energy System (DARIES) model: model development, validation, and sensitivity analysis. (United States)

    Brouwer, A F; Grimberg, S J; Powers, S E


    The Dynamic Anaerobic Reactor & Integrated Energy System (DARIES) model has been developed as a biogas and electricity production model of a dairy farm anaerobic digester system. DARIES, which incorporates the Anaerobic Digester Model No. 1 (ADM1) and simulations of both combined heat and power (CHP) and digester heating systems, may be run in either completely mixed or plug flow reactor configurations. DARIES biogas predictions were shown to be statistically coincident with measured data from eighteen full-scale dairy operations in the northeastern United States. DARIES biogas predictions were more accurate than predictions made by the U.S. AgSTAR model FarmWare 3.4. DARIES electricity production predictions were verified against data collected by the NYSERDA DG/CHP Integrated Data System. Preliminary sensitivity analysis demonstrated that DARIES output was most sensitive to influent flow rate, chemical oxygen demand (COD), and biodegradability, and somewhat sensitive to hydraulic retention time and digester temperature.

  13. Dynamical Adaptive Integral Sliding Backstepping Control of Nonlinear Nontriangular Uncertain Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmood Pervaiz


    Full Text Available We present a control strategy for nonlinear nontriangular uncertain systems. The proposed control method is a synergy between the dynamic adaptive backstepping (DAB and integral sliding mode (ISM and is referred to as DAB-ISMC. Our main objective is to find a recursive procedure to transform a nontriangular system into an implementable form that enables designing a control law which almost eliminates the reaching-phase. The proposed method further facilitates minimization of chattering which is believed to be a shortcoming of the sliding mode control. In this methodology, the ISM, as an integrated subsystem of DAB, is introduced at the final stage of backstepping. This strategy works very well to obtain a system that is robust against model imperfections, matching and unmatching uncertainties. The DAB-ISMC method is applied on a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR and simulation results obtained on Matlab are found to be very promising.

  14. Integrating open-source software applications to build molecular dynamics systems. (United States)

    Allen, Bruce M; Predecki, Paul K; Kumosa, Maciej


    Three open-source applications, NanoEngineer-1, packmol, and mis2lmp are integrated using an open-source file format to quickly create molecular dynamics (MD) cells for simulation. The three software applications collectively make up the open-source software (OSS) suite known as MD Studio (MDS). The software is validated through software engineering practices and is verified through simulation of the diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-a and isophorone diamine (DGEBA/IPD) system. Multiple simulations are run using the MDS software to create MD cells, and the data generated are used to calculate density, bulk modulus, and glass transition temperature of the DGEBA/IPD system. Simulation results compare well with published experimental and numerical results. The MDS software prototype confirms that OSS applications can be analyzed against real-world research requirements and integrated to create a new capability. Copyright © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Overview of ICE Project: Integration of Computational Fluid Dynamics and Experiments (United States)

    Stegeman, James D.; Blech, Richard A.; Babrauckas, Theresa L.; Jones, William H.


    Researchers at the NASA Glenn Research Center have developed a prototype integrated environment for interactively exploring, analyzing, and validating information from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) computations and experiments. The Integrated CFD and Experiments (ICE) project is a first attempt at providing a researcher with a common user interface for control, manipulation, analysis, and data storage for both experiments and simulation. ICE can be used as a live, on-tine system that displays and archives data as they are gathered; as a postprocessing system for dataset manipulation and analysis; and as a control interface or "steering mechanism" for simulation codes while visualizing the results. Although the full capabilities of ICE have not been completely demonstrated, this report documents the current system. Various applications of ICE are discussed: a low-speed compressor, a supersonic inlet, real-time data visualization, and a parallel-processing simulation code interface. A detailed data model for the compressor application is included in the appendix.

  16. Dynamic Optimal Energy Flow in the Integrated Natural Gas and Electrical Power Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fang, Jiakun; Zeng, Qing; Ai, Xiaomeng


    This work focuses on the optimal operation of the integrated gas and electrical power system with bi-directional energy conversion. Considering the different response times of the gas and power systems, the transient gas flow and steady- state power flow are combined to formulate the dynamic....... Simulation on the test case illustrates the success of the modelling and the beneficial roles of the power-to-gas are analyzed. The proposed model can be used in the decision support for both planning and operation of the coordinated natural gas and electrical power systems....... optimal energy flow in the integrated gas and power systems. With proper assumptions and simplifications, the problem is transformed into a single stage linear programming. And only a single stage linear programming is needed to obtain the optimal operation strategy for both gas and power systems...

  17. Quantitative FRET studies and integrative modeling unravel the structure and dynamics of biomolecular systems. (United States)

    Dimura, Mykola; Peulen, Thomas O; Hanke, Christian A; Prakash, Aiswaria; Gohlke, Holger; Seidel, Claus Am


    Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) combined with single-molecule spectroscopy probes macromolecular structure and dynamics and identifies coexisting conformational states. We review recent methodological developments in integrative structural modeling by satisfying spatial restraints on networks of FRET pairs (hybrid-FRET). We discuss procedures to incorporate prior structural knowledge and to obtain optimal distance networks. Finally, a workflow for hybrid-FRET is presented that automates integrative structural modeling and experiment planning to put hybrid-FRET on rails. To test this workflow, we simulate realistic single-molecule experiments and resolve three protein conformers, exchanging at 30μs and 10ms, with accuracies of 1-3Å RMSD versus the target structure. Incorporation of data from other spectroscopies and imaging is also discussed. Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  18. Odel of Dynamic Integration of Lean Shop Floor Management Within the Organizational Management System (United States)

    Iuga, Virginia; Kifor, Claudiu


    The key to achieve a sustainable development lies in the customer satisfaction through improved quality, reduced cost, reduced delivery lead times and proper communication. The objective of the lean manufacturing system (LMS) is to identify and eliminate the processes and resources which do not add value to a product. The following paper aims to present a proposal of further development of integrated management systems in organizations through the implementation of lean shop floor management. In the first part of the paper, a dynamic model of the implementation steps will be presented. Furthermore, the paper underlines the importance of implementing a lean culture parallel with each step of integrating the lean methods and tools. The paper also describes the Toyota philosophy, tools, and the supporting lean culture necessary to implementing an efficient lean system in productive organizations

  19. Multipath trapping dynamics of nanoparticles towards an integrated waveguide with a high index contrast (United States)

    Tian, Hao; Kimerling, Lionel C.; Michel, Jurgen; Li, Guifang; Zhang, Lin


    Optical trapping and manipulation of nanoparticles in integrated photonics devices have recently received increasingly more attention and greatly facilitated the advances in lab-on-chip technologies. In this work, by solving motion equation numerically, we study the trapping dynamics of a nanoparticle near a high-index-contrast slot waveguide, under the influence of water flow perpendicular to the waveguide. It is shown that a nanoparticle can go along different paths before it gets trapped, strongly depending on its initial position relative to the integrated waveguide. Due to localized optical field enhancement on waveguide sidewalls, there are multiple trapping positions, with a critical area where particle trapping and transport are unstable. As the water velocity increases, the effective trapping range shrinks, but with a rate that is smaller than the increasing of water velocity. Finally, the trapping range is shown to decrease for smaller slot width that is below 100 nm, even though smaller slot width generates stronger local optical force.

  20. New parallelizable schemes for integrating the Dissipative Particle Dynamics with Energy conservation. (United States)

    Homman, Ahmed-Amine; Maillet, Jean-Bernard; Roussel, Julien; Stoltz, Gabriel


    This work presents new parallelizable numerical schemes for the integration of dissipative particle dynamics with energy conservation. So far, no numerical scheme introduced in the literature is able to correctly preserve the energy over long times and give rise to small errors on average properties for moderately small time steps, while being straightforwardly parallelizable. We present in this article two new methods, both straightforwardly parallelizable, allowing to correctly preserve the total energy of the system. We illustrate the accuracy and performance of these new schemes both on equilibrium and nonequilibrium parallel simulations.

  1. Dynamic model of frequency control in Danish power system with large scale integration of wind power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Basit, Abdul; Hansen, Anca Daniela; Sørensen, Poul Ejnar


    This work evaluates the impact of large scale integration of wind power in future power systems when 50% of load demand can be met from wind power. The focus is on active power balance control, where the main source of power imbalance is an inaccurate wind speed forecast. In this study, a Danish...... power system model with large scale of wind power is developed and a case study for an inaccurate wind power forecast is investigated. The goal of this work is to develop an adequate power system model that depicts relevant dynamic features of the power plants and compensates for load generation...

  2. Integration and dynamics of a renewable regenerative hydrogen fuel cell system (United States)

    Bergen, Alvin Peter


    This thesis explores the integration and dynamics of residential scale renewable-regenerative energy systems which employ hydrogen for energy buffering. The development of the Integrated Renewable Energy Experiment (IRENE) test-bed is presented. IRENE is a laboratory-scale distributed energy system with a modular structure which can be readily re-configured to test newly developed components for generic regenerative systems. Key aspects include renewable energy conversion, electrolysis, hydrogen and electricity storage, and fuel cells. A special design feature of this test bed is the ability to accept dynamic inputs from and provide dynamic loads to real devices as well as from simulated energy sources/sinks. The integration issues encountered while developing IRENE and innovative solutions devised to overcome these barriers are discussed. Renewable energy systems that employ a regenerative approach to enable intermittent energy sources to service time varying loads rely on the efficient transfer of energy through the storage media. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the performance of the hydrogen energy buffer under a range of dynamic operating conditions. Results indicate that the operating characteristics of the electrolyser under transient conditions limit the production of hydrogen from excess renewable input power. These characteristics must be considered when designing or modeling a renewable-regenerative system. Strategies to mitigate performance degradation due to interruptions in the renewable power supply are discussed. Experiments were conducted to determine the response of the IRENE system to operating conditions that are representative of a residential scale, solar based, renewable-regenerative system. A control algorithm, employing bus voltage constraints and device current limitations, was developed to guide system operation. Results for a two week operating period that indicate that the system response is very dynamic but repeatable are

  3. Temporal Dynamics of the Integration of Intention and Outcome in Harmful and Helpful Moral Judgment (United States)

    Gan, Tian; Lu, Xiaping; Li, Wanqing; Gui, Danyang; Tang, Honghong; Mai, Xiaoqin; Liu, Chao; Luo, Yue-Jia


    The ability to integrate the moral intention information with the outcome of an action plays a crucial role in mature moral judgment. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies implicated that both prefrontal and temporo-parietal cortices are involved in moral intention and outcome processing. Here, we used the event-related potentials (ERPs) technique to investigate the temporal dynamics of the processing of the integration between intention and outcome information in harmful and helpful moral judgment. In two experiments, participants were asked to make moral judgments for agents who produced either negative/neutral outcomes with harmful/neutral intentions (harmful judgment) or positive/neutral outcomes with helpful/neutral intentions (helpful judgment). Significant ERP differences between attempted and successful actions over prefrontal and bilateral temporo-parietal regions were found in both harmful and helpful moral judgment, which suggest a possible time course of the integration processing in the brain, starting from the right temporo-parietal area (N180) to the left temporo-parietal area (N250), then the prefrontal area (FSW) and the right temporo-parietal area (TP450 and TPSW) again. These results highlighted the fast moral intuition reaction and the late integration processing over the right temporo-parietal area. PMID:26793144

  4. Initial-state dependence of the quench dynamics in integrable quantum systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rigol, Marcos [Department of Physics,Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057 (United States); Fitzpatrick, Mattias [Department of Physics,Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057 (United States); Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States)


    We identify and study classes of initial states in integrable quantum systems that, after the relaxation dynamics following a sudden quench, lead to near-thermal expectation values of few-body observables. In the systems considered here, those states are found to be insulating ground states of lattice hard-core boson Hamiltonians. We show that, as a suitable parameter in the initial Hamiltonian is changed, those states become closer to Fock states (products of single site states) as the outcome of the relaxation dynamics becomes closer to the thermal prediction. At the same time, the energy density approaches a Gaussian. Furthermore, the entropy associated with the generalized canonical and generalized grand-canonical ensembles, introduced to describe observables in integrable systems after relaxation, approaches that of the conventional canonical and grand-canonical ensembles. We argue that those classes of initial states are special because a control parameter allows one to tune the distribution of conserved quantities to approach the one in thermal equilibrium. This helps in understanding the approach of all the quantities studied to their thermal expectation values. However, a finite-size scaling analysis shows that this behavior should not be confused with thermalization as understood for nonintegrable systems.

  5. Optimal Control via Integrating the Dynamics of Magnetorheological Dampers and Structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Fayezioghani


    Full Text Available Magnetorheological (MR dampers have the advantage of being tuned by low voltages. This has attracted many researchers to develop semi-active control of structures in theory and practice. Most of the control strategies first obtain the desired forces of dampers without taking their dynamics into consideration and then determine the input voltages according to those forces. As a result, these strategies may face situations where the desired forces cannot be produced by the dampers. In this article, by integrating the equations of the dynamics of MR dampers and the structural motion, and solving them in one set, a more concise semi-active optimal control strategy is presented, so as to bypass the aforementioned drawback. Next, a strong database that can be utilized to form a controller for more realistic implementations is produced. As an illustrative example, the optimal voltages of the dampers of a six-storey shear building are obtained under the scaled El-Centro earthquake and used to train a set of integrated analysis-adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFISs as a controller. Results show that the overall performance of the proposed strategy is higher than most of the other conventional methods.

  6. Dynamic link load balancing based integrated routing algorithm in IP-over-WDM networks (United States)

    Zhang, Zhizhong; Zhang, Yunlin; Zeng, Qingji; Wang, Jianxin; Ye, Tong; Zhou, Yuli


    Integrated routing is a routing approach to support the peer interconnection model in IP over WDM networks. To have a better network link load distribution and network usage in IP over WDM networks, in which network nodes may have the ability to handle traffic in fine granularities, it is important to take into account the combined routing at the IP and WDM layers. Based upon this, this paper develops an algorithm for integrated dynamic routing of bandwidth guaranteed paths in IP over WDM networks. For newly dynamic arriving requests, as the developed algorithm takes into account the combined topology and resource usage information at the IP and WDM layers, and the routing procedure makes full use of the statistic information of the users" bandwidth requirement and considers carefully both the routing cost and the corresponding length of the routing path, thus a better link load balancing and network usage can be achieved. Simulation results show that the developed scheme performs well in terms of performance metrics such as the number of rejected demands and the network link load balancing.

  7. Nuclear Dynamics of a Nearby Seyfert with NIRSpec Integral Field Spectroscopy (United States)

    Bentz, Misty; Batiste, M.; Onken, C.; Roberts, C.; Valluri, M.; Vasiliev, E.


    Integral field spectroscopy has become an invaluable tool for investigating the physical conditions and dynamics deep inside galaxy nuclei. The integral field spectrograph on JWST provides some crucial advantages over those on AO- assisted ground-based telescopes like Gemini and VLT. In particular, JWST will provide a stable and diffraction limited point spread function (PSF) with no seeing halo, and the background will be significantly reduced resulting in shorter exposure times to achieve a benchmark signal-to-noise ratio, even for late-type galaxies that have shallower central cusps and fainter central surface brightnesses, and for which the exposure times required from the ground may be prohibitive. We are particularly interested in comparing black hole masses derived from the modeling of nuclear stellar dynamics to masses derived from reverberation mapping in the same galaxies. With this Early Release Science proposal, we request a small investment of time to clearly demonstrate JWST's capabilities in spatial and spectral resolution relative to the stringent technical requirements for direct black hole mass measurements. The technically demanding nature of the requisite measurements will allow us to explore the limits of what is possible to achieve with the NIRSpec IFU, thus providing technical guidance for a wide range of studies that seek to probe the physics of black hole feeding and feedback and their links to galaxy and black hole co-evolution.

  8. On the spectral stability of time integration algorithms for a class of constrained dynamics problems (United States)

    Farhat, Charbel; Crivelli, Luis; Geradin, Michel


    Incomplete field formulations have recently been the subject of intense research because of their potential in coupled analysis of independently modeled substructures, adaptive refinement, domain decomposition, and parallel processing. This paper discusses the design and analysis of time-integration algorithms for these formulations and emphasizes the treatment of their inter-subdomain constraint equations. These constraints are shown to introduce a destabilizing effect in the dynamic system that can be analyzed by investigating the behavior of the time-integration algorithm at infinite and zero frequencies. Three different approaches for constructing penalty-free unconditionally stable second-order accurate solution procedures for this class of hybrid formulations are presented, discussed and illustrated with numerical examples. The theoretical results presented in this paper also apply to a large family of nonlinear multibody dynamics formulations. Some of the algorithms outlined herein are important alternatives to the popular technique consisting of transforming differential/algebraic equations into ordinary differential equations via the introduction of a stabilization term that depends on arbitrary constants and that influences the computed so1ution.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Delavari


    Full Text Available The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the capabilities of two generations of models such as those based on dynamic neural network (e.g., Nonlinear Neural network Auto Regressive or NNAR model and a regressive (Auto Regressive Fractionally Integrated Moving Average model which is based on Fractional Integration Approach in forecasting daily data related to the return index of Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE. In order to compare these models under similar conditions, Mean Square Error (MSE and also Root Mean Square Error (RMSE were selected as criteria for the models’ simulated out-of-sample forecasting performance. Besides, fractal markets hypothesis was examined and according to the findings, fractal structure was confirmed to exist in the time series under investigation. Another finding of the study was that dynamic artificial neural network model had the best performance in out-of-sample forecasting based on the criteria introduced for calculating forecasting error in comparison with the ARFIMA model.

  10. Adomian Decomposition Method On Nonlinear Singular Cauchy Problem of Euler-Poisson- Darbuox equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iyaya Wanjala


    Full Text Available n this paper, we apply Picard’s Iteration Method followed by Adomian Decomposition Method to solve a nonlinear Singular Cauchy Problem of Euler- Poisson- Darboux Equation. The solution of the problem is much simplified and shorter to arriving at the solution as compared to the technique applied by Carroll and Showalter (1976in the solution of Singular Cauchy Problem.

  11. A further note on the force discrepancy for wing theory in Euler flow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Soc. A461 (2005) 415–432, and E Chadwick and A Hatam, The physical interpretation of the lift discrepancy in Lanchester–Prandtl lifting wing theory for Euler flow, leading to the proposal of an alternative model in Oseen flow, Proc. R. Soc. A463 (2007) 2257–2275], it is shown that the normal force is half that expected.

  12. A Brief Historical Introduction to Euler's Formula for Polyhedra, Topology, Graph Theory and Networks (United States)

    Debnath, Lokenath


    This article is essentially devoted to a brief historical introduction to Euler's formula for polyhedra, topology, theory of graphs and networks with many examples from the real-world. Celebrated Konigsberg seven-bridge problem and some of the basic properties of graphs and networks for some understanding of the macroscopic behaviour of real…

  13. Improved shock-capturing of Jameson's scheme for the Euler equations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Burg, J.W.; Kuerten, Johannes G.M.; Zandbergen, P.J.


    It is known that Jameson's scheme is a pseudo-second-order-accurate scheme for solving discrete conservation laws. The scheme contains a non-linear artificial dissipative flux which is designed to capture shocks. In this paper, it is shown that the, shock-capturing of Jameson's scheme for the Euler

  14. The first-order Euler-Lagrange equations and some of their uses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adam, C.; Santamaria, F. [Departamento de Física de Partículas and Instituto Galego de Física de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE),Campus Vida, E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)


    In many nonlinear field theories, relevant solutions may be found by reducing the order of the original Euler-Lagrange equations, e.g., to first order equations (Bogomolnyi equations, self-duality equations, etc.). Here we generalise, further develop and apply one particular method for the order reduction of nonlinear field equations which, despite its systematic and versatile character, is not widely known.

  15. Uniform approximations of Bernoulli and Euler polynomials in terms of hyperbolic functions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.L. López; N.M. Temme (Nico)


    textabstractBernoulli and Euler polynomials are considered for large values of the order. Convergent expansions are obtained for $B_n(nz+1/2)$ and $E_n(nz+1/2)$ in powers of $n^{-1$, with coefficients being rational functions of $z$ and hyperbolic functions of argument $1/2z$. These expansions are

  16. eulerAPE: drawing area-proportional 3-Venn diagrams using ellipses. (United States)

    Micallef, Luana; Rodgers, Peter


    Venn diagrams with three curves are used extensively in various medical and scientific disciplines to visualize relationships between data sets and facilitate data analysis. The area of the regions formed by the overlapping curves is often directly proportional to the cardinality of the depicted set relation or any other related quantitative data. Drawing these diagrams manually is difficult and current automatic drawing methods do not always produce appropriate diagrams. Most methods depict the data sets as circles, as they perceptually pop out as complete distinct objects due to their smoothness and regularity. However, circles cannot draw accurate diagrams for most 3-set data and so the generated diagrams often have misleading region areas. Other methods use polygons to draw accurate diagrams. However, polygons are non-smooth and non-symmetric, so the curves are not easily distinguishable and the diagrams are difficult to comprehend. Ellipses are more flexible than circles and are similarly smooth, but none of the current automatic drawing methods use ellipses. We present eulerAPE as the first method and software that uses ellipses for automatically drawing accurate area-proportional Venn diagrams for 3-set data. We describe the drawing method adopted by eulerAPE and we discuss our evaluation of the effectiveness of eulerAPE and ellipses for drawing random 3-set data. We compare eulerAPE and various other methods that are currently available and we discuss differences between their generated diagrams in terms of accuracy and ease of understanding for real world data.

  17. Hamiltonian discontinuous Galerkin FEM for linear, rotating incompressible Euler equations: inertial waves

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nurijanyan, S.; van der Vegt, Jacobus J.W.; Bokhove, Onno


    A discontinuous Galerkin ﬿nite element method (DGFEM) has been developed and tested for linear, three-dimensional, rotating incompressible Euler equations. These equations admit complicated wave solutions. The numerical challenges concern: (i) discretisation of a divergence-free velocity ﬿eld; (ii)

  18. Euldep: A program for the Euler deconvolution of magnetic and gravity data

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Durrheim, RJ


    Full Text Available Britain 0098-3004/98/$ - see front matter *E-mail: 545 A function f(x, y, z) is homogenous of degree n if f?tx, ty, tz??tnf?x, y, z?: ?3? If a function f is homogenous of degree n then it satis?es Euler's equation, given by (Thomson...

  19. A Short Proof of Euler's Inequality R ≥ 2r Theorem. Let ∆ ABC be an ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Then R ≥ 2r with equality holding if and only if ∆ABC is equilateral. This was first published by Euler in 1765. Since then several proofs have followed, some geometric and some algebraic. We will use relations between inradius and exradii. (ra, rb, rc) to prove the inequality. The following are standard identities, and their ...

  20. Complex integrated method of dynamic meditation with Buddhists’ breathing in case of neurotic reactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omelyanenko V.I.


    Full Text Available Purpose: to elaborate complex integrated method of psychological influence upon sport dancers in time of training on base of Buddhists’ meditation “conscious breathing” for neurotic reactions elimination, professional skill improvement and psycho emotional stability advance. Material : twenty dancers at the age of 40-50 with neurotic reactions participated in the research. At the first stage of the research all the subjects’ ability to focus attention at breathing during sports dancing performance was examined. At the second stage training in method of dynamic meditation applied for martial arts of the experimental group of 10 subjects was conducted. Both individual and group training sessions were held. At the third stage the experimental group joined dynamic meditation and breathing at dance performance. At the fourth stage the experimental group’s results were compared with the control group’s results. Results : at the first stage of the research all the subjects noted difficulties in focusing attention on Buddhists’ nasal breathing and dance technique come-down. 3-5 sessions of training in method of dynamic meditation were necessary for the subjects of the experimental group at the second stage of the research. At the third stage of the research all the subjects of the experimental group could control their nasal breathing at dance performance without dance technique come-down. At the fourth stage the comparative evaluation of the results of the experimental and control groups revealed that it was necessary 3-7 sport dance practice sessions for elimination of the neurotic reactions. No such effect was observed in the control group. Conclusions : The results of the research prove that Buddhists’ meditation “conscious breathing” may be joined with dynamic meditation successfully. It’s impossible to focus attention continuously on breathing at time of sport dance performance. The elaborated technique of the integration of

  1. Numerical Modeling of 3-D Dynamics of Ultrasound Contrast Agent Microbubbles Using the Boundary Integral Method (United States)

    Calvisi, Michael; Manmi, Kawa; Wang, Qianxi


    Ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) are microbubbles stabilized with a shell typically of lipid, polymer, or protein and are emerging as a unique tool for noninvasive therapies ranging from gene delivery to tumor ablation. The nonspherical dynamics of contrast agents are thought to play an important role in both diagnostic and therapeutic applications, for example, causing the emission of subharmonic frequency components and enhancing the uptake of therapeutic agents across cell membranes and tissue interfaces. A three-dimensional model for nonspherical contrast agent dynamics based on the boundary integral method is presented. The effects of the encapsulating shell are approximated by adapting Hoff's model for thin-shell, spherical contrast agents to the nonspherical case. A high-quality mesh of the bubble surface is maintained by implementing a hybrid approach of the Lagrangian method and elastic mesh technique. Numerical analyses for the dynamics of UCAs in an infinite liquid and near a rigid wall are performed in parameter regimes of clinical relevance. The results show that the presence of a coating significantly reduces the oscillation amplitude and period, increases the ultrasound pressure amplitude required to incite jetting, and reduces the jet width and velocity.

  2. Dynamic pricing based on a cloud computing framework to support the integration of renewable energy sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeev Thankappan Nair


    Full Text Available Integration of renewable energy sources into the electric grid in the domestic sector results in bidirectional energy flow from the supply side of the consumer to the grid. Traditional pricing methods are difficult to implement in such a situation of bidirectional energy flow and they face operational challenges on the application of price-based demand side management programme because of the intermittent characteristics of renewable energy sources. In this study, a dynamic pricing method using real-time data based on a cloud computing framework is proposed to address the aforementioned issues. The case study indicates that the dynamic pricing captures the variation of energy flow in the household. The dynamic renewable factor introduced in the model supports consumer oriented pricing. A new method is presented in this study to determine the appropriate level of photovoltaic (PV penetration in the distribution system based on voltage stability aspect. The load flow study result for the electric grid in Kerala, India, indicates that the overvoltage caused by various PV penetration levels up to 33% is within the voltage limits defined for distribution feeders. The result justifies the selected level of penetration.

  3. Frecuencias propias de vigas Euler-Bernoulli no uniformes Non-uniform Euler-Bernoulli beams’ natural frequencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhevandrov Petr


    Full Text Available


    En el presente trabajo se estudia el problema de frecuencias propias de la viga Euler-Bernoulli de sección no uniforme; se comparan las soluciones del problema obtenidas numéricamente con la solución asintótica lograda mediante el método Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB. Se establece que la precisión de las fórmulas WKB es mayor del 3% para frecuencias altas (número de modo ≥ 4.



    This paper has studied the problem of natural frequencies for Euler-Bernoulli beams having non-uniform cross-section. The numerically-obtained solutions were compared to asymptotic solutions obtained by the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB method. It was established that WKB formula precision was higher than 3% for high frequencies (Integrating count and detection–nondetection data to model population dynamics (United States)

    Zipkin, Elise F.; Rossman, Sam; Yackulic, Charles B.; Wiens, David; Thorson, James T.; Davis, Raymond J.; Grant, Evan H. Campbell


    There is increasing need for methods that integrate multiple data types into a single analytical framework as the spatial and temporal scale of ecological research expands. Current work on this topic primarily focuses on combining capture–recapture data from marked individuals with other data types into integrated population models. Yet, studies of species distributions and trends often rely on data from unmarked individuals across broad scales where local abundance and environmental variables may vary. We present a modeling framework for integrating detection–nondetection and count data into a single analysis to estimate population dynamics, abundance, and individual detection probabilities during sampling. Our dynamic population model assumes that site-specific abundance can change over time according to survival of individuals and gains through reproduction and immigration. The observation process for each data type is modeled by assuming that every individual present at a site has an equal probability of being detected during sampling processes. We examine our modeling approach through a series of simulations illustrating the relative value of count vs. detection–nondetection data under a variety of parameter values and survey configurations. We also provide an empirical example of the model by combining long-term detection–nondetection data (1995–2014) with newly collected count data (2015–2016) from a growing population of Barred Owl (Strix varia) in the Pacific Northwest to examine the factors influencing population abundance over time. Our model provides a foundation for incorporating unmarked data within a single framework, even in cases where sampling processes yield different detection probabilities. This approach will be useful for survey design and to researchers interested in incorporating historical or citizen science data into analyses focused on understanding how demographic rates drive population abundance.

  4. Lagrangian structures, integrability and chaos for 3D dynamical equations[45.20.Jj Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics; 02.30.Ik Integrable systems; 05.45.Ac Low-dimensional chaos;

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bustamante, Miguel D [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 653, Santiago, Chile (Chile); Hojman, Sergio A [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 653, Santiago, Chile (Chile)


    In this paper, we consider the general setting for constructing action principles for three-dimensional first-order autonomous equations. We present the results for some integrable and non-integrable cases of the Lotka-Volterra equation, and show Lagrangian descriptions which are valid for systems satisfying Shil'nikov criteria on the existence of strange attractors, though chaotic behaviour has not been verified up to now. The Euler-Lagrange equations we get for these systems usually present 'time reparametrization' invariance, though other kinds of invariance may be found according to the kernel of the associated symplectic 2-form. The formulation of a Hamiltonian structure (Poisson brackets and Hamiltonians) for these systems from the Lagrangian viewpoint leads to a method of finding new constants of the motion starting from known ones, which is applied to some systems found in the literature known to possess a constant of the motion, to find the other and thus showing their integrability. In particular, we show that the so-called ABC system is completely integrable if it possesses one constant of the motion.

  5. Dynamic "inline" images: context-sensitive retrieval and integration of images into Web documents. (United States)

    Kahn, Charles E


    Integrating relevant images into web-based information resources adds value for research and education. This work sought to evaluate the feasibility of using "Web 2.0" technologies to dynamically retrieve and integrate pertinent images into a radiology web site. An online radiology reference of 1,178 textual web documents was selected as the set of target documents. The ARRS GoldMiner image search engine, which incorporated 176,386 images from 228 peer-reviewed journals, retrieved images on demand and integrated them into the documents. At least one image was retrieved in real-time for display as an "inline" image gallery for 87% of the web documents. Each thumbnail image was linked to the full-size image at its original web site. Review of 20 randomly selected Collaborative Hypertext of Radiology documents found that 69 of 72 displayed images (96%) were relevant to the target document. Users could click on the "More" link to search the image collection more comprehensively and, from there, link to the full text of the article. A gallery of relevant radiology images can be inserted easily into web pages on any web server. Indexing by concepts and keywords allows context-aware image retrieval, and searching by document title and subject metadata yields excellent results. These techniques allow web developers to incorporate easily a context-sensitive image gallery into their documents.

  6. River networks as ecological corridors: A complex systems perspective for integrating hydrologic, geomorphologic, and ecologic dynamics (United States)

    Rodriguez-Iturbe, Ignacio; Muneepeerakul, Rachata; Bertuzzo, Enrico; Levin, Simon A.; Rinaldo, Andrea


    This paper synthesizes recent works at the interface of hydrology, geomorphology, and ecology under an integrated framework of analysis with an aim for a general theory. It addresses a wide range of related topics, including biodiversity of freshwater fish in river networks and vegetation along riparian systems, how river networks affected historic spreading of human populations, and how they influence the spreading of water-borne diseases. Given the commonalities among various dendritic structures and despite the variety and complexity of the ecosystems involved, we present here an integrated line of research addressing the above and related topics through a unique, coherent ecohydrological thread and similar mathematical methods. Metacommunity and individual-based models are studied in the context of hydrochory, population, and species migrations and the spreading of infections of water-borne diseases along the ecological corridors of river basins. A general theory emerges on the effects of dendritic geometries on the ecological processes and dynamics operating on river basins that will establish a new significant scientific branch. Insights provided by such a theory will lend themselves to issues of great practical importance such as integration of riparian systems into large-scale resource management, spatial strategies to minimize loss of freshwater biodiversity, and effective prevention campaigns against water-borne diseases.

  7. Blink rate, blink amplitude, and tear film integrity during dynamic visual display terminal tasks. (United States)

    Cardona, Genís; García, Carles; Serés, Carme; Vilaseca, Meritxell; Gispets, Joan


    The present study aimed at investigating the influence of the level of dynamism of two different visual display terminal tasks on spontaneous eyeblink rate, blink amplitude, and tear film integrity. A total of 25 healthy, young volunteers participated in the study. Blink rate and blink amplitude were recorded in silent primary gaze conditions and while subjects were playing two computer games of similar cognitive demands but different rate of visual information presentation. For each experimental condition, tear volume was evaluated by measuring meniscus height and with the red phenol thread test. Fluorescein and non-invasive break-up time tests, as well as the observation of interference patterns and the estimation of the dry area extension, were employed to assess tear stability. Statistically significant differences were revealed in blink rate (F = 595.85, p blink amplitude (χ(2) = 34.00, p blink rate during fast- and slow-paced game play decreasing to almost 1/3 and 1/2 of baseline levels, respectively, and with a larger percentage of incomplete blinks during dynamic tasks. Fluorescein and non-invasive break-up time tests and dry area extension were able to differentiate between experimental conditions in general (F = 408.42, p Blink rate, blink amplitude, and tear film stability were compromised during the most dynamic visual display terminal task, suggesting a negative influence of not only the cognitive aspects of the task, but also of the rate at which new visual information is presented. Frequent breaks and blinking awareness training are recommended for visual display terminal users requiring prolonged periods of visually demanding dynamic computer play or work.

  8. An integrated system for dynamic control of auditory perspective in a multichannel sound field (United States)

    Corey, Jason Andrew

    An integrated system providing dynamic control of sound source azimuth, distance and proximity to a room boundary within a simulated acoustic space is proposed for use in multichannel music and film sound production. The system has been investigated, implemented, and psychoacoustically tested within the ITU-R BS.775 recommended five-channel (3/2) loudspeaker layout. The work brings together physical and perceptual models of room simulation to allow dynamic placement of virtual sound sources at any location of a simulated space within the horizontal plane. The control system incorporates a number of modules including simulated room modes, "fuzzy" sources, and tracking early reflections, whose parameters are dynamically changed according to sound source location within the simulated space. The control functions of the basic elements, derived from theories of perception of a source in a real room, have been carefully tuned to provide efficient, effective, and intuitive control of a sound source's perceived location. Seven formal listening tests were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the algorithm design choices. The tests evaluated: (1) loudness calibration of multichannel sound images; (2) the effectiveness of distance control; (3) the resolution of distance control provided by the system; (4) the effectiveness of the proposed system when compared to a commercially available multichannel room simulation system in terms of control of source distance and proximity to a room boundary; (5) the role of tracking early reflection patterns on the perception of sound source distance; (6) the role of tracking early reflection patterns on the perception of lateral phantom images. The listening tests confirm the effectiveness of the system for control of perceived sound source distance, proximity to room boundaries, and azimuth, through fine, dynamic adjustment of parameters according to source location. All of the parameters are grouped and controlled together to

  9. The dynamical integrity concept for interpreting/ predicting experimental behaviour: from macro- to nano-mechanics. (United States)

    Lenci, Stefano; Rega, Giuseppe; Ruzziconi, Laura


    The dynamical integrity, a new concept proposed by J.M.T. Thompson, and developed by the authors, is used to interpret experimental results. After reviewing the main issues involved in this analysis, including the proposal of a new integrity measure able to capture in an easy way the safe part of basins, attention is dedicated to two experiments, a rotating pendulum and a micro-electro-mechanical system, where the theoretical predictions are not fulfilled. These mechanical systems, the former at the macro-scale and the latter at the micro-scale, permit a comparative analysis of different mechanical and dynamical behaviours. The fact that in both cases the dynamical integrity permits one to justify the difference between experimental and theoretical results, which is the main achievement of this paper, shows the effectiveness of this new approach and suggests its use in practical situations. The men of experiment are like the ant, they only collect and use; the reasoners resemble spiders, who make cobwebs out of their own substance. But the bee takes the middle course: it gathers its material from the flowers of the garden and field, but transforms and digests it by a power of its own. Not unlike this is the true business of philosophy (science); for it neither relies solely or chiefly on the powers of the mind, nor does it take the matter which it gathers from natural history and mechanical experiments and lay up in the memory whole, as it finds it, but lays it up in the understanding altered and digested. Therefore, from a closer and purer league between these two faculties, the experimental and the rational (such as has never been made), much may be hoped. (Francis Bacon 1561-1626) But are we sure of our observational facts? Scientific men are rather fond of saying pontifically that one ought to be quite sure of one's observational facts before embarking on theory. Fortunately those who give this advice do not practice what they preach. Observation and theory get

  10. A simple method to obtain consistent and clinically meaningful pelvic angles from euler angles during gait analysis. (United States)

    Wren, Tishya A L; Mitiguy, Paul C


    Clinical gait analysis usually describes joint kinematics using Euler angles, which depend on the sequence of rotation. Studies have shown that pelvic obliquity angles from the traditional tilt-obliquity-rotation (TOR) Euler angle sequence can deviate considerably from clinical expectations and have suggested that a rotation-obliquity-tilt (ROT) Euler angle sequence be used instead. We propose a simple alternate approach in which clinical joint angles are defined and exactly calculated in terms of Euler angles from any rotation sequence. Equations were derived to calculate clinical pelvic elevation, progression, and lean angles from TOR and ROT Euler angles. For the ROT Euler angles, obliquity was exactly the same as the clinical elevation angle, rotation was similar to the clinical progression angle, and tilt was similar to the clinical lean angle. Greater differences were observed for TOR. These results support previous findings that ROT is preferable to TOR for calculating pelvic Euler angles for clinical interpretation. However, we suggest that exact clinical angles can and should be obtained through a few extra calculations as demonstrated in this technical note.

  11. Generalization of two-phase model with topology microstructure of mixture to Lagrange-Euler methodology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vladimir V Chudanov; Alexei A Leonov [Nuclear Safety Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences 52, Bolshaya Tulskaya, Moscow 113191 (Russian Federation)


    Full text of publication follows: One of the mathematical models (hyperbolic type) for describing evolution of compressible two-phase mixtures was offered in [1] to deal with the following applications: interfaces between compressible materials; shock waves in multiphase mixtures; evolution of homogeneous two-phase flows; cavitation in liquids. The basic difficulties of this model was connected to discretization of the non-conservative equation terms. As result, the class of problems concerned with passage of shock waves through fields with a discontinuing profile of a volume fraction was not described by means of this model. A class of schemes that are able to converge to the correct solution of such problems was received in [2] due to a deeper analysis of two-phase model. The technique offered in [2] was implemented on a Eulerian grid via the Godunov scheme. In present paper the additional analysis of two-phase model in view of microstructure of an mixture topology is carried out in Lagrange mass coordinates. As result, the equations averaged over the set of all possible realizations for two-phase mixture are received. The numerical solution is carried out with use of PPM method [3] in two steps: at first - the equations averaged over mass variable are solved; on the second - the solution, found on the previous step, is re-mapped to a fixed Eulerian grid. Such approach allows to expand the proposed technique on two-dimensional (three-dimensional) case, as in the Lagrange variables the Euler equations system is split on two (three) identical subsystems, each of which describes evolution of considered medium in the given direction. The accuracy and robustness of the described procedure are demonstrated on a sequence of the numerical problems. References: (1). R. Saurel, R. Abgrall, A multiphase Godunov method for compressible multi-fluid and multiphase flows, J. Comput. Phys. 150 (1999) 425-467; (2). R. Saurel, R. Abgrall, Discrete equations for physical and

  12. The Application of System Dynamics to the Integration of National Laboratory Research and K-12 Education

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mills, James Ignatius; Zounar Harbour, Elda D


    The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) is dedicated to finding solutions to problems related to the environment, energy, economic competitiveness, and national security. In an effort to attract and retain the expertise needed to accomplish these challenges, the INEEL is developing a program of broad educational opportunities that makes continuing education readily available to all laboratory employees, beginning in the K–12 environment and progressing through post-graduate education and beyond. One of the most innovative educational approaches being implemented at the laboratory is the application of STELLA© dynamic learning environments, which facilitate captivating K–12 introductions to the complex energy and environmental challenges faced by global societies. These simulations are integrated into lesson plans developed by teachers in collaboration with INEEL scientists and engineers. This approach results in an enjoyable and involved learning experience, and an especially positive introduction to the application of science to emerging problems of great social and environmental consequence.

  13. An integrative model for the dynamics of ICT-based innovations in education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castulus Kolo


    Full Text Available Empirical evidence underlines the importance of ICT-based innovations in education for at least two reasons: They prepare for a future workplace in a knowledge society increasingly dependent on ICT and furthermore, they support student-centred learning processes. However, adoption of ICT in educational organizations in general as well as of specific ICT-based innovations varies broadly across nations as there are many different influencing factors with strong interdependencies. In order to better understand the dynamics of innovations in education, in this article we expose to discussion an integrative model based on a combination of models of individual and organizational adoption processes and their interplay with a socio-economic environment. The authors propose this concept of an “educational innovation system” to analyse differences in the diffusion of ICT-based innovations across countries and to better understand educational policies and their impact on classroom practice.

  14. Integrating DNA methylation dynamics into a framework for understanding epigenetic codes. (United States)

    Szulwach, Keith E; Jin, Peng


    Genomic function is dictated by a combination of DNA sequence and the molecular mechanisms controlling access to genetic information. Access to DNA can be determined by the interpretation of covalent modifications that influence the packaging of DNA into chromatin, including DNA methylation and histone modifications. These modifications are believed to be forms of "epigenetic codes" that exist in discernable combinations that reflect cellular phenotype. Although DNA methylation is known to play important roles in gene regulation and genomic function, its contribution to the encoding of epigenetic information is just beginning to emerge. Here we discuss paradigms associated with the various components of DNA methylation/demethylation and recent advances in the understanding of its dynamic regulation in the genome, integrating these mechanisms into a framework to explain how DNA methylation could contribute to epigenetic codes. © 2014 WILEY Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Simulation analysis of an integrated model for dynamic cellular manufacturing system (United States)

    Hao, Chunfeng; Luan, Shichao; Kong, Jili


    Application of dynamic cellular manufacturing system (DCMS) is a well-known strategy to improve manufacturing efficiency in the production environment with high variety and low volume of production. Often, neither the trade-off of inter and intra-cell material movements nor the trade-off of hiring and firing of operators are examined in details. This paper presents simulation results of an integrated mixed-integer model including sensitivity analysis for several numerical examples. The comprehensive model includes cell formation, inter and intracellular materials handling, inventory and backorder holding, operator assignment (including resource adjustment) and flexible production routing. The model considers multi-production planning with flexible resources (machines and operators) where each period has different demands. The results verify the validity and sensitivity of the proposed model using a genetic algorithm.

  16. Dynamics of optical solitons in dual-core fibers via two integration schemes (United States)

    Arnous, A. H.; Mahmood, S. A.; Younis, M.


    This article studies the dynamics of optical solitons in dual-core fibers with group velocity mismatch, group velocity dispersion and linear coupling coefficient under Kerr law nonlinearity via two integration schemes, namely, Q-function scheme and trial solution approach. The Q-function scheme extracts dark and singular 1-soliton solutions, along with the corresponding existence restriction. This scheme, however, fails to retrieve bright 1-soliton solution. Moreover, the trial solution approach extracts bright, dark and singular 1-soliton solutions. The constraint conditions, for the existence of the soliton solutions, are also listed. Additionally, a couple of other solutions known as singular periodic solutions, fall out as a by-product of this scheme. The obtained results have potential applications in the study of solitons based optical communication.

  17. Designing a mathematical model for integrating dynamic cellular manufacturing into supply chain system (United States)

    Aalaei, Amin; Davoudpour, Hamid


    This article presents designing a new mathematical model for integrating dynamic cellular manufacturing into supply chain system with an extensive coverage of important manufacturing features consideration of multiple plants location, multi-markets allocation, multi-period planning horizons with demand and part mix variation, machine capacity, and the main constraints are demand of markets satisfaction in each period, machine availability, machine time-capacity, worker assignment, available time of worker, production volume for each plant and the amounts allocated to each market. The aim of the proposed model is to minimize holding and outsourcing costs, inter-cell material handling cost, external transportation cost, procurement & maintenance and overhead cost of machines, setup cost, reconfiguration cost of machines installation and removal, hiring, firing and salary worker costs. Aimed to prove the potential benefits of such a design, presented an example is shown using a proposed model.

  18. Integrative avenues for exploring the dynamics and evolution of protein interaction networks. (United States)

    Diss, Guillaume; Filteau, Marie; Freschi, Luca; Leducq, Jean-Baptiste; Rochette, Samuel; Torres-Quiroz, Francisco; Landry, Christian R


    Over the past decade, the study of protein interaction networks (PINs) has shed light on the organizing principles of living cells. However, PINs have been mostly mapped in one single condition. We outline three of the most promising avenues of investigation in this field, namely the study of first, how PINs are rewired by mutations and environmental perturbations; secondly, how inter-species interactions affect PIN achitectures; thirdly, what mechanisms and forces drive PIN evolution. These investigations will unravel the dynamics and condition dependence of PINs and will thus lead to a better functional annotation of network architecture. One major challenge to reach these goals is the integration of PINs with other cellular regulatory networks in the context of complex cellular phenotypes. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Content modification attacks on consensus seeking multi-agent system with double-integrator dynamics (United States)

    Dong, Yimeng; Gupta, Nirupam; Chopra, Nikhil


    In this paper, vulnerability of a distributed consensus seeking multi-agent system (MAS) with double-integrator dynamics against edge-bound content modification cyber attacks is studied. In particular, we define a specific edge-bound content modification cyber attack called malignant content modification attack (MCoMA), which results in unbounded growth of an appropriately defined group disagreement vector. Properties of MCoMA are utilized to design detection and mitigation algorithms so as to impart resilience in the considered MAS against MCoMA. Additionally, the proposed detection mechanism is extended to detect the general edge-bound content modification attacks (not just MCoMA). Finally, the efficacies of the proposed results are illustrated through numerical simulations.

  1. Dynamic Plant-Plant-Herbivore Interactions Govern Plant Growth-Defence Integration. (United States)

    de Vries, Jorad; Evers, Jochem B; Poelman, Erik H


    Plants downregulate their defences against insect herbivores upon impending competition for light. This has long been considered a resource trade-off, but recent advances in plant physiology and ecology suggest this mechanism is more complex. Here we propose that to understand why plants regulate and balance growth and defence, the complex dynamics in plant-plant competition and plant-herbivore interactions needs to be considered. Induced growth-defence responses affect plant competition and herbivore colonisation in space and time, which has consequences for the adaptive value of these responses. Assessing these complex interactions strongly benefits from advanced modelling tools that can model multitrophic interactions in space and time. Such an exercise will allow a critical re-evaluation why and how plants integrate defence and competition for light. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Static and Dynamic Studies of Electro-Active Polymer Actuators and Integration in a Demonstrator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline Poncet


    Full Text Available Nowadays, the haptic effect is used and developed for many applications—particularly in the automotive industry, where the mechanical feedback induced by a haptic system enables the user to receive information while their attention is kept on the road and on driving. This article presents the development of a vibrotactile button based on printed piezoelectric polymer actuation. Firstly, the characterization of the electro-active polymer used as the actuator and the development of a model able to predict the electromechanical behavior of this device are summarized. Then, the design of circular membranes and their dynamic characterization are presented. Finally, this work is concluded with the construction of a fully functional demonstrator, integrating haptic buttons leading to a clear haptic sensation for the user.

  3. Dynamic control of a Fano resonance with a fully integrated silicon nanostructure (United States)

    Bera, Arijit; Roussey, Matthieu; Kuittinen, Markku; Honkanen, Seppo


    We present the theoretical analysis and design of a novel slotted photonic crystal geometry to demonstrate an on-chip Fano resonance. The device employs three parallel-coupled slotted photonic crystal cavities on an SOI wafer. We present a systematic analysis of the evolution of the Fano line-shape, while the geometric parameters of the structure and the inter-cavity distances vary. To achieve the dynamic tunability of the Fano resonance, we have considered an active electro-optic chromophore as the cover material of our slot-based geometry. This paves a novel way towards the demonstration of a fully-integrated, electrically-controllable Fano resonant geometry on a silicon-polymer platform.

  4. Solving Fractional Dynamical System with Freeplay by Combining Memory-Free Approach and Precise Integration Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. X. Liu


    Full Text Available The Yuan-Agrawal (YA memory-free approach is employed to study fractional dynamical systems with freeplay nonlinearities subjected to a harmonic excitation, by combining it with the precise integration method (PIM. By the YA method, the original equations are transformed into a set of first-order piecewise-linear ordinary differential equations (ODEs. These ODEs are further separated as three linear inhomogeneous subsystems, which are solved by PIM together with a predictor-corrector process. Numerical examples show that the results by the presented method agree well with the solutions obtained by the Runge-Kutta method and a modified fractional predictor-corrector algorithm. More importantly, the presented method has higher computational efficiency.

  5. Lagrangian structures, integrability and chaos for 3D dynamical equations 45.20.Jj Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics; 02.30.Ik Integrable systems; 05.45.Ac Low-dimensional chaos;

    CERN Document Server

    Bustamante, M D


    In this paper, we consider the general setting for constructing action principles for three-dimensional first-order autonomous equations. We present the results for some integrable and non-integrable cases of the Lotka-Volterra equation, and show Lagrangian descriptions which are valid for systems satisfying Shil'nikov criteria on the existence of strange attractors, though chaotic behaviour has not been verified up to now. The Euler-Lagrange equations we get for these systems usually present 'time reparametrization' invariance, though other kinds of invariance may be found according to the kernel of the associated symplectic 2-form. The formulation of a Hamiltonian structure (Poisson brackets and Hamiltonians) for these systems from the Lagrangian viewpoint leads to a method of finding new constants of the motion starting from known ones, which is applied to some systems found in the literature known to possess a constant of the motion, to find the other and thus showing their integrability. In particular, w...

  6. An integrative model for phytochrome B mediated photomorphogenesis: from protein dynamics to physiology.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Rausenberger


    Full Text Available Plants have evolved various sophisticated mechanisms to respond and adapt to changes of abiotic factors in their natural environment. Light is one of the most important abiotic environmental factors and it regulates plant growth and development throughout their entire life cycle. To monitor the intensity and spectral composition of the ambient light environment, plants have evolved multiple photoreceptors, including the red/far-red light-sensing phytochromes.We have developed an integrative mathematical model that describes how phytochrome B (phyB, an essential receptor in Arabidopsis thaliana, controls growth. Our model is based on a multiscale approach and connects the mesoscopic intracellular phyB protein dynamics to the macroscopic growth phenotype. To establish reliable and relevant parameters for the model phyB regulated growth we measured: accumulation and degradation, dark reversion kinetics and the dynamic behavior of different nuclear phyB pools using in vivo spectroscopy, western blotting and Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching (FRAP technique, respectively.The newly developed model predicts that the phyB-containing nuclear bodies (NBs (i serve as storage sites for phyB and (ii control prolonged dark reversion kinetics as well as partial reversibility of phyB Pfr in extended darkness. The predictive power of this mathematical model is further validated by the fact that we are able to formalize a basic photobiological observation, namely that in light-grown seedlings hypocotyl length depends on the total amount of phyB. In addition, we demonstrate that our theoretical predictions are in excellent agreement with quantitative data concerning phyB levels and the corresponding hypocotyl lengths. Hence, we conclude that the integrative model suggested in this study captures the main features of phyB-mediated photomorphogenesis in Arabidopsis.

  7. Analysis of spatio-temporal dynamics of Arctic region vegetation based on integrated data processing (United States)

    Mochalov, Viktor; Zelentsov, Viacheslav; Grigirieva, Olga; Brovkina, Olga; Lavrinenko, Igor; Pimanov, Ilia


    Currently, there is a significant amount of in-situ data, airborne and satellite observations for the assessment of tundra vegetation. However, the issues of simultaneous analysis of these data remain topical, as well as the development of methods for integrated processing of heterogeneous (in-situ, airborne, space) and multi-temporal data for analyzing the spatio-temporal dynamics of vegetation across large regions and identifying relationships of occurring changes. The study was aimed to fill this gap on the territory of Russia's Far North. The objectives of the study were: 1/ mapping of vegetation types; 2/ assessing the territories which are suitable for grazing reindeers in winter and summer periods; 3/ substantiation of requirements to remote sensing data for vegetation mapping; and 4/ identification of the territories under anthropogenic disturbances. The study area was located in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug of Russia. Time-series satellite Resurs-P, Kanopus-V and Sentinel-2 data, and geobotanical systematic description of study area were used for classification of vegetation types, identification of vegetation dynamic and disturbed territories. Territory for grazing reindeers were assessed based on map of vegetation types and thirty-year field monitoring of reindeers feed and habitats. The integrated processing of data used in the study was implemented by a complex methodical scheme, which included algorithms and methods for processing of satellite data, requirement to remote sensing data, decision to reduce the cost of data collection and to provide the required level of results quality, and recommendations for management of industrial activity in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug of Russia.

  8. Integrating networks and comparative genomics reveals retroelement proliferation dynamics in hominid genomes (United States)

    Levy, Orr; Knisbacher, Binyamin A.; Levanon, Erez Y.; Havlin, Shlomo


    Retroelements (REs) are mobile DNA sequences that multiply and spread throughout genomes by a copy-and-paste mechanism. These parasitic elements are active in diverse genomes, from yeast to humans, where they promote diversity, cause disease, and accelerate evolution. Because of their high copy number and sequence similarity, studying their activity and tracking their proliferation dynamics is a challenge. It is particularly difficult to pinpoint the few REs in a genome that are still active in the haystack of degenerate and suppressed elements. We develop a computational framework based on network theory that tracks the path of RE proliferation throughout evolution. We analyze SVA (SINE-VNTR-Alu), the youngest RE family in human genomes, to understand RE dynamics across hominids. Integrating comparative genomics and network tools enables us to track the course of SVA proliferation, identify yet unknown active communities, and detect tentative “master REs” that played key roles in SVA propagation, providing strong support for the fundamental “master gene” model of RE proliferation. The method is generic and thus can be applied to REs of any of the thousands of available genomes to identify active RE communities and master REs that were pivotal in the evolution of their host genomes. PMID:29043294

  9. Generalized correlation integral vectors: A distance concept for chaotic dynamical systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haario, Heikki, E-mail: [School of Engineering Science, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta (Finland); Kalachev, Leonid, E-mail: [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812-0864 (United States); Hakkarainen, Janne [Earth Observation Unit, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki (Finland)


    Several concepts of fractal dimension have been developed to characterise properties of attractors of chaotic dynamical systems. Numerical approximations of them must be calculated by finite samples of simulated trajectories. In principle, the quantities should not depend on the choice of the trajectory, as long as it provides properly distributed samples of the underlying attractor. In practice, however, the trajectories are sensitive with respect to varying initial values, small changes of the model parameters, to the choice of a solver, numeric tolerances, etc. The purpose of this paper is to present a statistically sound approach to quantify this variability. We modify the concept of correlation integral to produce a vector that summarises the variability at all selected scales. The distribution of this stochastic vector can be estimated, and it provides a statistical distance concept between trajectories. Here, we demonstrate the use of the distance for the purpose of estimating model parameters of a chaotic dynamic model. The methodology is illustrated using computational examples for the Lorenz 63 and Lorenz 95 systems, together with a framework for Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling to produce posterior distributions of model parameters.

  10. Transforming Healthcare Delivery: Integrating Dynamic Simulation Modelling and Big Data in Health Economics and Outcomes Research. (United States)

    Marshall, Deborah A; Burgos-Liz, Lina; Pasupathy, Kalyan S; Padula, William V; IJzerman, Maarten J; Wong, Peter K; Higashi, Mitchell K; Engbers, Jordan; Wiebe, Samuel; Crown, William; Osgood, Nathaniel D


    In the era of the Information Age and personalized medicine, healthcare delivery systems need to be efficient and patient-centred. The health system must be responsive to individual patient choices and preferences about their care, while considering the system consequences. While dynamic simulation modelling (DSM) and big data share characteristics, they present distinct and complementary value in healthcare. Big data and DSM are synergistic-big data offer support to enhance the application of dynamic models, but DSM also can greatly enhance the value conferred by big data. Big data can inform patient-centred care with its high velocity, volume, and variety (the three Vs) over traditional data analytics; however, big data are not sufficient to extract meaningful insights to inform approaches to improve healthcare delivery. DSM can serve as a natural bridge between the wealth of evidence offered by big data and informed decision making as a means of faster, deeper, more consistent learning from that evidence. We discuss the synergies between big data and DSM, practical considerations and challenges, and how integrating big data and DSM can be useful to decision makers to address complex, systemic health economics and outcomes questions and to transform healthcare delivery.


    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albert C. Reynolds; Dean S. Oliver; Yannong Dong; Ning Liu; Guohua Gao; Fengjun Zhang; Ruijian Li


    Knowledge of the distribution of permeability and porosity in a reservoir is necessary for the prediction of future oil production, estimation of the location of bypassed oil, and optimization of reservoir management. The volume of data that can potentially provide information on reservoir architecture and fluid distributions has increased enormously in the past decade. The techniques developed in this research will make it easier to use all the available data in an integrated fashion. While it is relatively easy to generate plausible reservoir models that honor static data such as core, log, and seismic data, it is far more difficult to generate plausible reservoir models that honor dynamic data such as transient pressures, saturations, and flow rates. As a result, the uncertainty in reservoir properties is higher than it could be and reservoir management can not be optimized. In this project, we have developed computationally efficient automatic history matching techniques for generating geologically plausible reservoir models which honor both static and dynamic data. Specifically, we have developed methods for adjusting porosity and permeability fields to match both production and time-lapse seismic data and have also developed a procedure to adjust the locations of boundaries between facies to match production data. In all cases, the history matched rock property fields are consistent with a prior model based on static data and geologic information. Our work also indicates that it is possible to adjust relative permeability curves when history matching production data.

  12. Determining the number of kanbans for dynamic production systems: An integrated methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem Uzun Araz


    Full Text Available Just-in-time (JIT is a management philosophy that reduces the inventory levels and eliminates manufacturing wastes by producing only the right quantity at the right time. A kanban system is one of the key elements of JIT philosophy. Kanbans are used to authorize production and to control movement of materials in JIT systems. In Kanban systems, the efficiency of the manufacturing system depends on several factors such as number of kanbans, container size etc. Hence, determining the number of kanbans is a critical decision in Kanban systems. The aim of this study is to develop a methodology that can be used in order to determine the number of kanbans in a dynamic production environment. In this methodology, the changes in system state is monitored in real time manner, and the number of the kanbans are dynamically re-arranged. The proposed methodology integrates simulation, neural networks and Mamdani type fuzzy inference system. The methodology is modelled in simulation environment and applied on a hypothetic production system. We also performed several comparisons for different control policies to show the effectiveness of the proposed methodology.

  13. Magnetization dynamics: path-integral formalism for the stochastic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation (United States)

    Aron, Camille; Barci, Daniel G.; Cugliandolo, Leticia F.; González Arenas, Zochil; Lozano, Gustavo S.


    We construct a path-integral representation of the generating functional for the dissipative dynamics of a classical magnetic moment as described by the stochastic generalization of the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation proposed by Brown (1963 Phys. Rev. 130 1677), with the possible addition of spin-torque terms. In the process of constructing this functional in the Cartesian coordinate system, we critically revisit this stochastic equation. We present it in a form that accommodates for any discretization scheme thanks to the inclusion of a drift term. The generalized equation ensures the conservation of the magnetization modulus and the approach to the Gibbs-Boltzmann equilibrium in the absence of non-potential and time-dependent forces. The drift term vanishes only if the mid-point Stratonovich prescription is used. We next reset the problem in the more natural spherical coordinate system. We show that the noise transforms non-trivially to spherical coordinates acquiring a non-vanishing mean value in this coordinate system, a fact that has been often overlooked in the literature. We next construct the generating functional formalism in this system of coordinates for any discretization prescription. The functional formalism in Cartesian or spherical coordinates should serve as a starting point to study different aspects of the out-of-equilibrium dynamics of magnets. Extensions to colored noise, micro-magnetism and disordered problems are straightforward.

  14. Dynamic interaction between retinal and extraretinal signals in motion integration for smooth pursuit. (United States)

    Bogadhi, Amarender R; Montagnini, Anna; Masson, Guillaume S


    Due to the aperture problem, the initial direction of tracking responses to a translating bar is biased towards the direction orthogonal to the bar. This observation offers a powerful way to explore the interactions between retinal and extraretinal signals in controlling our actions. We conducted two experiments to probe these interactions by briefly (200 and 400 ms) blanking the moving target (45° or 135° tilted bar) during steady state (Experiment 1) and at different moments during the early phase of pursuit (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, we found a marginal but statistically significant directional bias on target reappearance for all subjects in at least one blank condition (200 or 400 ms). In Experiment 2, no systematic significant directional bias was observed at target reappearance after a blank. These results suggest that the weighting of retinal and extraretinal signals is dynamically modulated during the different phases of pursuit. Based on our previous theoretical work on motion integration, we propose a new closed-loop two-stage recurrent Bayesian model where retinal and extraretinal signals are dynamically weighted based on their respective reliabilities and combined to compute the visuomotor drive. With a single free parameter, the model reproduces many aspects of smooth pursuit observed across subjects during and immediately after target blanking. It provides a new theoretical framework to understand how different signals are dynamically combined based on their relative reliability to adaptively control our actions. Overall, the model and behavioral results suggest that human subjects rely more strongly on prediction during the early phase than in the steady state phase of pursuit.

  15. A Bayesian integrated population dynamics model to analyze data for protected species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoyle, S. D.


    Full Text Available Managing wildlife-human interactions demands reliable information about the likely consequences of management actions. This requirement is a general one, whatever the taxonomic group. We describe a method for estimating population dynamics and decision analysis that is generally applicable, extremely flexible, uses data efficiently, and gives answers in a useful format. Our case study involves bycatch of a protected species, the Northeastern Offshore Spotted Dolphin (Stenella attenuata, in the tuna fishery of the eastern Pacific Ocean. Informed decision-making requires quantitative analyses taking all relevant information into account, assessing how bycatch affects these species and how regulations affect the fisheries, and describing the uncertainty in analyses. Bayesian analysis is an ideal framework for delivering information on uncertainty to the decision-making process. It also allows information from other populations or species or expert judgment to be included in the analysis, if appropriate. Integrated analysis attempts to include all relevant data for a population into one analysis by combining analyses, sharing parameters, and simultaneously estimating all parameters, using a combined objective function. It ensures that model assumptions and parameter estimates are consistent throughout the analysis, that uncertainty is propagated through the analysis, and that the correlations among parameters are preserved. Perhaps the most important aspect of integrated analysis is the way it both enables and forces consideration of the system as a whole, so that inconsistencies can be observed and resolved.

  16. An Integral Equation Method Coupling with Variational Approach for Studying Coarse-Grained Lipid Dynamics (United States)

    Fu, Szu-Pei; Jiang, Shidong; Klöckner, Andreas; Ryham, Rolf; Wala, Matt; Young, Yuan-Nan


    In macroscopic model, the well-known Helfrich membrane model has been extensively utilized as it captures some macroscopic physical properties of a lipid bilayer membrane. However, some phenomena such as membrane fusion and micelle formation cannot be described in this macroscopic framework. Yet the immense molecular details of a lipid bilayer membrane are impossible to be included in a plausible physical model. Therefore, in order to include the salient molecular details, we study the dynamics of coarse-grained lipid bilayer membrane using Janus particle configurations to represent collections of lipids These coarse-grained lipid molecules interact with each other through an action field that describes their hydrophobic tail-tail interactions. For this action potential, we adopt the integral equation method on solving energy minimizer with specific boundary condition on each Janus particle. Both the QBX (quadrature by expansion) and fhe fast multipole method (FMM) are used to efficiently solve the integral equation. We also examine the numerical accuracy and qualitative observation from large system simulations.

  17. Integrated dynamic landscape analysis and modeling system (IDLAMS) : programmer's manual.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klaus, C. M.; Li, Z.; Majerus, K. A.; Sundell, R. C.; Sydelko, P. J.; Vogt, M. C.


    The Integrated Dynamic Landscape Analysis and Modeling System (IDLAMS) is a prototype, integrated land management technology developed through a joint effort between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and the US Army Corps of Engineers Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (USACERL). Dr. Ronald C. Sundell, Ms. Pamela J. Sydelko, and Ms. Kimberly A. Majerus were the principal investigators (PIs) for this project. Dr. Zhian Li was the primary software developer. Dr. Jeffrey M. Keisler, Mr. Christopher M. Klaus, and Mr. Michael C. Vogt developed the decision analysis component of this project. It was developed with funding support from the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP), a land/environmental stewardship research program with participation from the US Department of Defense (DoD), the US Department of Energy (DOE), and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). IDLAMS predicts land conditions (e.g., vegetation, wildlife habitats, and erosion status) by simulating changes in military land ecosystems for given training intensities and land management practices. It can be used by military land managers to help predict the future ecological condition for a given land use based on land management scenarios of various levels of training intensity. It also can be used as a tool to help land managers compare different land management practices and further determine a set of land management activities and prescriptions that best suit the needs of a specific military installation.

  18. Integration of Insect Infestations into Dynamic Global Vegetation Models Using Insect Functional Types (United States)

    Kim, J. B.; Smith, E.


    Many have explored the impact of climate change on insects and explored predictions under future scenarios. But the converse has been limited: no DGVM simulates insect infestation. We are assessing the potential impact of simulating insect infestation processes on DGVMs, and creating a framework for development of insect functional types (IFTs) for integration with DGVMs. Some work have been done devising IFTs for conservation and resource management, but results are limited to qualitative groupings of insect taxa based on resource usage and response to environment. The integration of IFTs into DGVMs would enable exploration of interaction between climate change and vegetation dynamics at the global scale. IFTs have the potential to significantly impact global carbon balance and vegetation distributions, and interaction with other disturbance regimes already modeled in DGVMs (e.g., fire, drought, herbivory). We identify relevant features of existing DGVMs, including spatial and temporal scales, extents, and focuses; how other disturbances are modeled; and model areas where IFTs would link to DGVMs. We identify relevant features of insect models, including hazard and risk models; spatial and temporal resolutions and extents; spatial processes; and commonly used variables. We outline the key considerations, including tradeoffs between accuracy of representation and the breadth of applicability; morphology, physiology, biochemistry, reproductive and demographic characteristics; functional effects vs. functional responses; major axes of specialization that are consistent across environments, biogeographic regions, and major insect taxa; and whether IFTs can be empirically evaluated. We propose major axes to define IFTs, and present a sample IFT, the westwide pine beetle.

  19. Newton-Krylov-Schwarz methods in unstructured grid Euler flow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keyes, D.E. [Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States)


    Newton-Krylov methods and Krylov-Schwarz (domain decomposition) methods have begun to become established in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) over the past decade. The former employ a Krylov method inside of Newton`s method in a Jacobian-free manner, through directional differencing. The latter employ an overlapping Schwarz domain decomposition to derive a preconditioner for the Krylov accelerator that relies primarily on local information, for data-parallel concurrency. They may be composed as Newton-Krylov-Schwarz (NKS) methods, which seem particularly well suited for solving nonlinear elliptic systems in high-latency, distributed-memory environments. We give a brief description of this family of algorithms, with an emphasis on domain decomposition iterative aspects. We then describe numerical simulations with Newton-Krylov-Schwarz methods on an aerodynamic application emphasizing comparisons with a standard defect-correction approach and subdomain preconditioner consistency.

  20. Car-Parrinello and path integral molecular dynamics study of the hydrogen bond in the chloroacetic acid dimer system


    Morrison, Carole


    We have studied the double proton transfer (DPT) reaction in the cyclic dimer of chloroacetic acid using both classical and path integral Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics. We also attempt to quantify the errors in the potential energy surface that arise from the use of a pure density functional. In the classical dynamics a clear reaction mechanism can be identified, where asynchronized DPT arises due to coupling between the O-H stretching oscillator and several low energy intermolecular vibr...

  1. Dynamic association between perfusion and white matter integrity across time since injury in Veterans with history of TBI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra L. Clark


    Conclusions: Our results showed that reduced CBF was associated with poorer white matter integrity in those who were further removed from their brain injury. Findings provide preliminary evidence of a possible dynamic association between CBF and white matter microstructure that warrants additional consideration within the context of the negative long-term clinical outcomes frequently observed in those with history of TBI. Additional cross-disciplinary studies integrating multiple imaging modalities (e.g., DTI, ASL and refined neuropsychiatric assessment are needed to better understand the nature, temporal course, and dynamic association between brain changes and clinical outcomes post-injury.

  2. Understanding wetland dynamics on the Boreal Plain: dataset integration for physically based modeling (United States)

    Mendoza, C. A.; Carrera-Hernández, J. J.; Devito, K. J.; Smerdon, B. D.


    The Boreal Plains represent an important habitat for many wildlife and vegetation species. It is currently being affected by industrial developments such as oil and gas exploration, open pit mining and forestry. To understand the impact of human activities on boreal wetlands and adjacent uplands, and to improve our understanding of the interaction between the hydrological processes that control wetland dynamics (e.g., atmospheric fluxes and intra-annual vegetation water demand), a detailed three dimensional, fully coupled model is required. To develop this type of model, the integration of both temporal and spatial data is required. A framework was developed and applied to analyze the hydrological processes of a flow-through lake (L-16) and a perched pond (P-19) located in the Utikuma Region Study Area (URSA), 370 km north of Edmonton, in Alberta, Canada. Our framework integrates field data gathered over seven years on and around both L-16 and P-19 (e.g., groundwater head measurements, lake levels, soil moisture and climatological records), aerial photographs and satellite imagery along with surface geology, lithology and LiDAR data. The integration of these data allowed the application of a Soil Vegetation Atmosphere Transfer model, and the representation of both soil and geological heterogeneity as L-16 is located on glaciofluvial deposits, while nearby P-19 is found on a transition zone between the glaciofluvial deposits (coarse) and ice contact sediments (fine-grained). The model results show that wetland persistence is the result of complex interactions between climatological and geological conditions along with vegetation water demand. This interaction causes groundwater flow reversals (i.e., water flowing uphill) when vegetation water demand is not satisfied. In addition, the modeled water bodies showed limited interaction with the regional groundwater flow system.


    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albert C. Reynolds; Dean S. Oliver; Fengjun Zhang; Yannong Dong; Jan Arild Skjervheim; Ning Liu


    Knowledge of the distribution of permeability and porosity in a reservoir is necessary for the prediction of future oil production, estimation of the location of bypassed oil, and optimization of reservoir management. But while the volume of data that can potentially provide information on reservoir architecture and fluid distributions has increased enormously in the past decade, it is not yet possible to make use of all the available data in an integrated fashion. While it is relatively easy to generate plausible reservoir models that honor static data such as core, log, and seismic data, it is far more difficult to generate plausible reservoir models that honor dynamic data such as transient pressures, saturations, and flow rates. As a result, the uncertainty in reservoir properties is higher than it could be and reservoir management can not be optimized. The goal of this project is to develop computationally efficient automatic history matching techniques for generating geologically plausible reservoir models which honor both static and dynamic data. Solution of this problem is necessary for the quantification of uncertainty in future reservoir performance predictions and for the optimization of reservoir management. Facies (defined here as regions of relatively uniform petrophysical properties) are common features of all reservoirs. Because the flow properties of the various facies can vary greatly, knowledge of the location of facies boundaries is of utmost importance for the prediction of reservoir performance and for the optimization of reservoir management. When the boundaries between facies are fairly well known, but flow properties are poorly known, the average properties for all facies can be determined using traditional techniques. Traditional history matching honors dynamic data by adjusting petrophysical properties in large areas, but in the process of adjusting the reservoir model ignores the static data and often results in implausible reservoir

  4. Comparison of modeling of the rotating tapered axially functionally graded Timoshenko and Euler-Bernoulli microbeams (United States)

    Shafiei, Navvab; Kazemi, Mohammad; Ghadiri, Majid


    The target of this paper is to present an exhaustive study on the small scale effect on vibrational behavior of a rotary tapered axially functionally graded (AFG) microbeam on the basis of Timoshenko and Euler-Bernoulli beam and modified couple stress theories. The variation of the material properties and cross section along the longitudinal direction of the microbeam are taken into consideration as a linear function. Hamilton's principle is used to derive the equations for cantilever and propped cantilever boundary conditions and the generalized differential quadrature method (GDQM) is employed to solve the equations. By parametric study, the effects of small-scale parameter, rates of cross section change of the microbeam and angular velocity on the fundamental and second frequencies of the microbeam are studied. Also, comparison between the frequencies of Timoshenko and Euler-Bernoulli microbeams are presented. The results can be used in many applications such as micro-robots and biomedical microsystems.

  5. An A Posteriori Error Estimate for Symplectic Euler Approximation of Optimal Control Problems

    KAUST Repository

    Karlsson, Peer Jesper


    This work focuses on numerical solutions of optimal control problems. A time discretization error representation is derived for the approximation of the associated value function. It concerns Symplectic Euler solutions of the Hamiltonian system connected with the optimal control problem. The error representation has a leading order term consisting of an error density that is computable from Symplectic Euler solutions. Under an assumption of the pathwise convergence of the approximate dual function as the maximum time step goes to zero, we prove that the remainder is of higher order than the leading error density part in the error representation. With the error representation, it is possible to perform adaptive time stepping. We apply an adaptive algorithm originally developed for ordinary differential equations.

  6. The Euler-Poincaré Formula Through Contact Surfaces of Voxelized Objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Sánchez-Cruz


    Full Text Available Two new versions of the Euler-Poincaré formula are proposed considering two new defined cuboids: the tetra-voxel and the octo-voxel, without losing information on the number of vertices and edges. The well-known relationship between contact and enclosing surface concepts, as well as the relationships between vertices, edges and enclosing surfaces, allowed us to compute an innovative algorithm for obtaining alternative versions of the Euler-Poincaré formula. This is a very important topological descriptor of 3D binary images. We considered not only topological but geometric aspects. Our method was compared to other proposals, obtaining that our proposed contact surface-based method offers more advantages.

  7. An Error Estimate for Symplectic Euler Approximation of Optimal Control Problems

    KAUST Repository

    Karlsson, Jesper


    This work focuses on numerical solutions of optimal control problems. A time discretization error representation is derived for the approximation of the associated value function. It concerns symplectic Euler solutions of the Hamiltonian system connected with the optimal control problem. The error representation has a leading-order term consisting of an error density that is computable from symplectic Euler solutions. Under an assumption of the pathwise convergence of the approximate dual function as the maximum time step goes to zero, we prove that the remainder is of higher order than the leading-error density part in the error representation. With the error representation, it is possible to perform adaptive time stepping. We apply an adaptive algorithm originally developed for ordinary differential equations. The performance is illustrated by numerical tests.

  8. Global Well-Posedness of the Euler-Korteweg System for Small Irrotational Data (United States)

    Audiard, Corentin; Haspot, Boris


    The Euler-Korteweg equations are a modification of the Euler equations that take into account capillary effects. In the general case they form a quasi-linear system that can be recast as a degenerate Schrödinger type equation. Local well-posedness (in subcritical Sobolev spaces) was obtained by Benzoni-Danchin-Descombes in any space dimension, however, except in some special case (semi-linear with particular pressure) no global well-posedness is known. We prove here that under a natural stability condition on the pressure, global well-posedness holds in dimension {d ≥ 3} for small irrotational initial data. The proof is based on a modified energy estimate, standard dispersive properties if {d ≥ 5}, and a careful study of the structure of quadratic nonlinearities in dimension 3 and 4, involving the method of space time resonances.

  9. h-p adaptive finite element methods in computational fluid dynamics (United States)

    Oden, J. T.; Demkowicz, L.


    The principal ideas of h-p adaptive finite element methods for fluid dynamics problems are discussed. Applications include acoustics, compressible Euler and both compressible and incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. Several numerical examples illustrate the presented concepts.

  10. Simulation of free surfaces in 3-D with the arbitrary Lagrange-Euler method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szabo, Peter; Hassager, Ole


    The arbitrary Lagrange-Euler (ALE) kinematic description has been implemented in a 3-D transient finite element program so as to simulate multiple fluid flows with Surfaces and interfaces of general shapes. The description of fluid interfaces includes continuity of velocity and a discontinuous...... tangential and normal stress appropriate for fluids of variable interfacial tension. The formulation is particularly relevant to the description of low and intermediate Reynolds number flow dominated by interfacial tension....

  11. Higher order solution of the Euler equations on unstructured grids using quadratic reconstruction (United States)

    Barth, Timothy J.; Frederickson, Paul O.


    High order accurate finite-volume schemes for solving the Euler equations of gasdynamics are developed. Central to the development of these methods are the construction of a k-exact reconstruction operator given cell-averaged quantities and the use of high order flux quadrature formulas. General polygonal control volumes (with curved boundary edges) are considered. The formulations presented make no explicit assumption as to complexity or convexity of control volumes. Numerical examples are presented for Ringleb flow to validate the methodology.

  12. The Serret-Andoyer Riemannian metric and Euler-Poinsot rigid body motion


    Bonnard, Bernard; Cots, Olivier; Shcherbakova, Nataliya


    International audience; The Euler-Poinsot rigid body motion is a standard mechanical system and is the model for left-invariant Riemannian metrics on SO(3). In this article, using the Serret-Andoyer variables we parameterize the solutions and compute the Jacobi fields in relation with the conjugate locus evaluation. Moreover the metric can be restricted to a 2D surface and the conjugate points of this metric are evaluated using recent work [4] on surfaces of revolution.

  13. The Serret-Andoyer Riemannian metric and Euler-Poinsot rigid body motion (United States)

    Bonnard, Bernard; Cots, Olivier; Shcherbakova, Nataliya


    The Euler-Poinsot rigid body motion is a standard mechanical system and is the model for left-invariant Riemannian metrics on SO(3). In this article, using the Serret-Andoyer variables we parameterize the solutions and compute the Jacobi elds in relation with the conjugate locus evaluation. Moreover the metric can be restricted to a 2D surface and the conjugate points of this metric are evaluated using recent work [4] on surfaces of revolution.

  14. A-free rigidity and applications to the compressible Euler system

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chiodaroli, E.; Feireisl, Eduard; Kreml, Ondřej; Wiedemann, E.


    Roč. 196, č. 4 (2017), s. 1557-1572 ISSN 0373-3114 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-00522S EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 320078 - MATHEF Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : A-free condition * compressible Euler equations * measure-valued solutions Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.864, year: 2016

  15. Generalizations of Steffensen’s inequality via some Euler-type identities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pečarić Josip


    Full Text Available Using Euler-type identities some new generalizations of Steffensen’s inequality for n–convex functions are obtained. Moreover, the Ostrowski-type inequalities related to obtained generalizations are given. Furthermore, using inequalities for the Čebyšev functional in terms of the first derivative some new bounds for the remainder in identities related to generalizations of Steffensen’s inequality are proven.

  16. Imperfections, impacts, and the singularity of Euler's disk (United States)

    Baranyai, Tamás; Várkonyi, Péter L.


    The motion of a rigid, spinning disk on a flat surface ends with a dissipation-induced finite-time singularity. The problem of finding the dominant energy absorption mechanism during the last phase of the motion generated a lively debate during the past two decades. Various candidates including air drag and different types of friction have been considered, nevertheless impacts have not been examined until now. We investigate the effect of impacts caused by geometric imperfections of the disk and of the underlying flat surface, through analyzing the dynamics of polygonal disks with unilateral point contacts. Similarly to earlier works, we determine the rate of energy absorption under the assumption of a regular pattern of motion analogous to precession-free motion of a rolling disk. In addition, we demonstrate that the asymptotic stability of this motion depends on parameters of the impact model. In the case of instability, the emerging irregular motion is investigated numerically. We conclude that there exists a range of model parameters (small radii of gyration or small restitution coefficients) in which absorption by impacts dominates all previously investigated mechanisms during the last phase of motion. Nevertheless the parameter values associated with a homogeneous disk on a hard surface are typically not in this range, hence the effect of impacts is in that case not dominant.

  17. Combined Euler column vibration isolation and energy harvesting (United States)

    Davis, R. B.; McDowell, M. D.


    A new device that combines vibration isolation and energy harvesting is modeled, simulated, and tested. The vibration isolating portion of the device uses post-buckled beams as its spring elements. Piezoelectric film is applied to the beams to harvest energy from their dynamic flexure. The entire device operates passively on applied base excitation and requires no external power or control system. The structural system is modeled using the elastica, and the structural response is applied as forcing on the electric circuit equation to predict the output voltage and the corresponding harvested power. The vibration isolation and energy harvesting performance is simulated across a large parameter space and the modeling approach is validated with experimental results. Experimental transmissibilities of 2% and harvested power levels of 0.36 μW are simultaneously demonstrated. Both theoretical and experimental data suggest that there is not necessarily a trade-off between vibration isolation and harvested power. That is, within the practical operational range of the device, improved vibration isolation will be accompanied by an increase in the harvested power as the forcing frequency is increased.

  18. Fully Quantum Description of the Zundel Ion: Combining Variational Quantum Monte Carlo with Path Integral Langevin Dynamics. (United States)

    Mouhat, Félix; Sorella, Sandro; Vuilleumier, Rodolphe; Saitta, Antonino Marco; Casula, Michele


    We introduce a novel approach for a fully quantum description of coupled electron-ion systems from first principles. It combines the variational quantum Monte Carlo solution of the electronic part with the path integral formalism for the quantum nuclear dynamics. On the one hand, the path integral molecular dynamics includes nuclear quantum effects by adding a set of fictitious classical particles (beads) aimed at reproducing nuclear quantum fluctuations via a harmonic kinetic term. On the other hand, variational quantum Monte Carlo can provide Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surfaces with a precision comparable to the most-advanced post-Hartree-Fock approaches, and with a favorable scaling with the system size. In order to cope with the intrinsic noise due to the stochastic nature of quantum Monte Carlo methods, we generalize the path integral molecular dynamics using a Langevin thermostat correlated according to the covariance matrix of quantum Monte Carlo nuclear forces. The variational parameters of the quantum Monte Carlo wave function are evolved during the nuclear dynamics, such that the Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface is unbiased. Statistical errors on the wave function parameters are reduced by resorting to bead grouping average, which we show to be accurate and well-controlled. Our general algorithm relies on a Trotter breakup between the dynamics driven by ionic forces and the one set by the harmonic interbead couplings. The latter is exactly integrated, even in the presence of the Langevin thermostat, thanks to the mapping onto an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. This framework turns out to be also very efficient in the case of noiseless (deterministic) ionic forces. The new implementation is validated on the Zundel ion (H5O2+) by direct comparison with standard path integral Langevin dynamics calculations made with a coupled cluster potential energy surface. Nuclear quantum effects are confirmed to be dominant over thermal effects well beyond

  19. A new Euler scheme based on harmonic-polygon approach for solving first order ordinary differential equation (United States)

    Yusop, Nurhafizah Moziyana Mohd; Hasan, Mohammad Khatim; Wook, Muslihah; Amran, Mohd Fahmi Mohamad; Ahmad, Siti Rohaidah


    There are many benefits to improve Euler scheme for solving the Ordinary Differential Equation Problems. Among the benefits are simple implementation and low-cost computational. However, the problem of accuracy in Euler scheme persuade scholar to use complex method. Therefore, the main purpose of this research are show the construction a new modified Euler scheme that improve accuracy of Polygon scheme in various step size. The implementing of new scheme are used Polygon scheme and Harmonic mean concept that called as Harmonic-Polygon scheme. This Harmonic-Polygon can provide new advantages that Euler scheme could offer by solving Ordinary Differential Equation problem. Four set of problems are solved via Harmonic-Polygon. Findings show that new scheme or Harmonic-Polygon scheme can produce much better accuracy result.

  20. Euler-type equations and commutators in singular and hyperbolic limits of kinetic Cucker-Smale models


    Poyato, David; Soler, Juan


    This paper deals with the derivation and analysis of a compressible Euler-type equation with singular commutator, which is derived from a hyperbolic limit of the kinetic description to the Cucker-Smale model of interacting individuals

  1. Modified Euler integration based control of a five-phase induction ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    differently from that in the literature which employs a nonlinear back propagation network (BPN) algorithm. ... It has been shown in (White, 1959) that multi-phase machine models can be transformed into a system of decoupled equations in ...... On a symmetric positive definite linear system these conditions imply that the.

  2. Modified Euler integration based control of a five-phase induction ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    phase machines. Variable speed induction motor drives without mechanical speed sensors at the motor shaft have the attractions of low cost and high reliability. To replace the speed sensor, information of the rotor speed is extracted from ...

  3. Modified Euler integration based control of a five-phase induction ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    speed mode of operation, for a number of transients, and the results are reported in the paper. A detailed modelling of a five-phase induction machine and it vector control principle is reported in (Jones et al, 2002, Xu et al,. 2002). The developed model of a five-phase induction motor indicates that an ANN-MRAS technique ...

  4. A New Backward Euler Stabilized Optimum Controller for NPC Back-to-Back Five Level Converters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Chaves


    Full Text Available This paper presents a backward Euler stabilized-based control strategy applied to a neutral point clamped (NPC back-to-back connected five level converters. A generalized method is used to obtain the back-to-back NPC converter system model. The backward Euler stabilized-based control strategy uses one set of calculations to compute the optimum voltage vector needed to reach the references and to balance the voltage of the DC-bus capacitors. The output voltage vector is selected using a modified cost functional that includes variable tracking errors in the functional weights, whereas in classic approaches, the weights are considered constant. The proposed modified cost functional enables AC current tracking and DC-bus voltage balancing in a wide range of operating conditions. The paper main contributions are: (i a backward Euler stabilized-based control strategy applied to a double, back-to-back connected, five level NPC converter; (ii the use of cost functional weight varying as a function of the controlled variable tracking errors to enforce the controlled variables and to balance the DC capacitor voltages; and (iii the demonstration of system feasibility for this type of converter topology and control strategy, ensuring a high enough computational efficiency and extending the modulation index from 0.6 to 0.93. Experimental results are presented using a prototype of a five level NPC back-to-back converter.

  5. On a Nonlocal Ostrovsky-Whitham Type Dynamical System, Its Riemann Type Inhomogeneous Regularizations and Their Integrability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolanta Golenia


    Full Text Available Short-wave perturbations in a relaxing medium, governed by a special reduction of the Ostrovsky evolution equation, and later derived by Whitham, are studied using the gradient-holonomic integrability algorithm. The bi-Hamiltonicity and complete integrability of the corresponding dynamical system is stated and an infinite hierarchy of commuting to each other conservation laws of dispersive type are found. The well defined regularization of the model is constructed and its Lax type integrability is discussed. A generalized hydrodynamical Riemann type system is considered, infinite hierarchies of conservation laws, related compatible Poisson structures and a Lax type representation for the special case N=3 are constructed.

  6. Euler-Maclaurin Closed Form Finite State Space Model for a String Applied to Broadband Plate Vibrations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael J. Panza


    Full Text Available The Euler-Maclaurin sun formula is applied to the infinite series Green's function solution in the space-time Laplace transform domain for the one dimensional wave equation for a string fixed at each end. The resulting approximate closed form solution is used to derive a single third order input-output ordinary differential equation to model the string dynamics. The average modal density of a plate is shown to be comparable to a string. A finite three state-space model is developed for the string and applied to the vibrations of a plate subjected to broadband random and impulse inputs. The applications include the direct problem of determining the response to a disturbance input and the inverse problem of identifying the disturbance input with a finite state observer based on the finite string model. Numerical simulations using many plate modes are obtained in the time and frequency domains and are used to compare the multimodal plate model to the finite string based model and to demonstrate how the finite string based model can be used to represent the multimodal vibrations of the plate.

  7. Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emerek, Ruth


    Bidraget diskuterer de forskellige intergrationsopfattelse i Danmark - og hvad der kan forstås ved vellykket integration......Bidraget diskuterer de forskellige intergrationsopfattelse i Danmark - og hvad der kan forstås ved vellykket integration...

  8. Dynamic modelling and characterisation of a solid oxide fuel cell integrated in a gas turbine cycle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thorud, Bjoern


    This thesis focuses on three main areas within the field of SOFC/GT-technology: 1) Development of a dynamic SOFC/GT model. 2) Model calibration and sensitivity study. 3) Assessment of the dynamic properties of a SOFC/GT power plant. The SOFC/GT model developed in this thesis describes a pressurised tubular Siemens Westinghouse-type SOFC, which is integrated in a gas turbine cycle. The process further includes a plate-fin recuperator for stack air preheating, a prereformer, an anode exhaust gas recycling loop for steam/carbon-ratio control, an afterburner and a shell-tube heat exchanger for air preheating. The fuel cell tube, the recuperator and the shell-tube heat exchanger are spatially distributed models. The SOFC model is further thermally integrated with the prereformer. The compressor and turbine models are based on performance maps as a general representation of the characteristics. In addition, a shaft model which incorporates moment of inertia is included to account for gas turbine transients. The SOFC model is calibrated against experimentally obtained data from a single-cell experiment performed on a Siemens Westinghouse tubular SOFC. The agreement between the model and the experimental results is good. The sensitivity study revealed that the degree of prereforming is of great importance with respect to the axial temperature distribution of the fuel cell. Types of malfunctions are discussed prior to the dynamic behaviour study. The dynamic study of the SOFC/GT process is performed by simulating small and large load changes according to three different strategies; 1) Load change at constant mean fuel cell temperature. 2) Load change at constant turbine inlet temperature. 3) Load change at constant shaft speed. Of these three strategies, the constant mean fuel cell temperature strategy appears to be the most rapid load change method. Furthermore, this strategy implies the lowest degree of thermal cycling, the smoothest fuel cell temperature distribution and

  9. Integrating travel behavior with land use regression to estimate dynamic air pollution exposure in Hong Kong. (United States)

    Tang, Robert; Tian, Linwei; Thach, Thuan-Quoc; Tsui, Tsz Him; Brauer, Michael; Lee, Martha; Allen, Ryan; Yuchi, Weiran; Lai, Poh-Chin; Wong, Paulina; Barratt, Benjamin


    Epidemiological studies typically use subjects' residential address to estimate individuals' air pollution exposure. However, in reality this exposure is rarely static as people move from home to work/study locations and commute during the day. Integrating mobility and time-activity data may reduce errors and biases, thereby improving estimates of health risks. To incorporate land use regression with movement and building infiltration data to estimate time-weighted air pollution exposures stratified by age, sex, and employment status for population subgroups in Hong Kong. A large population-representative survey (N = 89,385) was used to characterize travel behavior, and derive time-activity pattern for each subject. Infiltration factors calculated from indoor/outdoor monitoring campaigns were used to estimate micro-environmental concentrations. We evaluated dynamic and static (residential location-only) exposures in a staged modeling approach to quantify effects of each component. Higher levels of exposures were found for working adults and students due to increased mobility. Compared to subjects aged 65 or older, exposures to PM2.5, BC, and NO2 were 13%, 39% and 14% higher, respectively for subjects aged below 18, and 3%, 18% and 11% higher, respectively for working adults. Exposures of females were approximately 4% lower than those of males. Dynamic exposures were around 20% lower than ambient exposures at residential addresses. The incorporation of infiltration and mobility increased heterogeneity in population exposure and allowed identification of highly exposed groups. The use of ambient concentrations may lead to exposure misclassification which introduces bias, resulting in lower effect estimates than 'true' exposures. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Dynamic Data Management Based on Archival Process Integration at the Centre for Environmental Data Archival (United States)

    Conway, Esther; Waterfall, Alison; Pepler, Sam; Newey, Charles


    In this paper we decribe a business process modelling approach to the integration of exisiting archival activities. We provide a high level overview of existing practice and discuss how procedures can be extended and supported through the description of preservation state. The aim of which is to faciliate the dynamic controlled management of scientific data through its lifecycle. The main types of archival processes considered are: • Management processes that govern the operation of an archive. These management processes include archival governance (preservation state management, selection of archival candidates and strategic management) . • Operational processes that constitute the core activities of the archive which maintain the value of research assets. These operational processes are the acquisition, ingestion, deletion, generation of metadata and preservation actvities, • Supporting processes, which include planning, risk analysis and monitoring of the community/preservation environment. We then proceed by describing the feasability testing of extended risk management and planning procedures which integrate current practices. This was done through the CEDA Archival Format Audit which inspected British Atmospherics Data Centre and National Earth Observation Data Centre Archival holdings. These holdings are extensive, comprising of around 2PB of data and 137 million individual files which were analysed and characterised in terms of format based risk. We are then able to present an overview of the risk burden faced by a large scale archive attempting to maintain the usability of heterogeneous environmental data sets. We conclude by presenting a dynamic data management information model that is capable of describing the preservation state of archival holdings throughout the data lifecycle. We provide discussion of the following core model entities and their relationships: • Aspirational entities, which include Data Entity definitions and their associated

  11. Leonhardi Euleri Opera omnia: Editing the works and correspondence of Leonhard Euler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas KLEINERT


    Full Text Available The paper gives an overview on the history and present state of the edition of the complete works of Leonhard Euler (1707–1783. After several failed initiatives in the 19th century, the project began in 1907 with the edition of Euler’s printed works. The works were divided into three series: I. Mathematics (29 volumes; II. Mechanics and Astronomy (31 volumes; and III. Physics and Miscellaneous (12 volumes. After several ups and downs due to two World Wars and economic problems, the publication of the printed works with a total of 72 volumes is nearly finished. Only two volumes on perturbation theory in astronomy are still missing. The publication of series IV (manuscripts and correspondence started in 1967 as a joint project of the Swiss and the Soviet academies of sciences. The manuscript edition was postponed, and the project focussed on Euler’s correspondence which contains approximately 3000 letters, 1000 of them written by Euler. The correspondents include famous mathematicians of the 18th century like d’Alembert, Clairaut and the Bernoullis, but also many less-known people with whom Euler corresponded on a great variety of subjects. A major problem is to find and to finance appropriate editors who are able to read French, Latin, and the old German handwriting, and who are acquainted with history, culture and science of the 18th century. During the last 50 years, the editors gathered copies or scans of most of the preserved Euler’s letters. The original letters addressed to Euler were made available to the editorial group in Switzerland by the Russian Academy of Sciences before World War I, and before their restitution in 1947 the editors made fairly good photographs that are now an important part of the material basis of the edition. Each volume of the letter series (VIA contains Euler’s correspondence with one or more of his contemporaries, presented in a chronological order. Up to the present day, four volumes of the

  12. From classical to quantum and back: Hamiltonian adaptive resolution path integral, ring polymer, and centroid molecular dynamics (United States)

    Kreis, Karsten; Kremer, Kurt; Potestio, Raffaello; Tuckerman, Mark E.


    Path integral-based methodologies play a crucial role for the investigation of nuclear quantum effects by means of computer simulations. However, these techniques are significantly more demanding than corresponding classical simulations. To reduce this numerical effort, we recently proposed a method, based on a rigorous Hamiltonian formulation, which restricts the quantum modeling to a small but relevant spatial region within a larger reservoir where particles are treated classically. In this work, we extend this idea and show how it can be implemented along with state-of-the-art path integral simulation techniques, including path-integral molecular dynamics, which allows for the calculation of quantum statistical properties, and ring-polymer and centroid molecular dynamics, which allow the calculation of approximate quantum dynamical properties. To this end, we derive a new integration algorithm that also makes use of multiple time-stepping. The scheme is validated via adaptive classical-path-integral simulations of liquid water. Potential applications of the proposed multiresolution method are diverse and include efficient quantum simulations of interfaces as well as complex biomolecular systems such as membranes and proteins.

  13. Integrating movement ecology with biodiversity research - exploring new avenues to address spatiotemporal biodiversity dynamics. (United States)

    Jeltsch, Florian; Bonte, Dries; Pe'er, Guy; Reineking, Björn; Leimgruber, Peter; Balkenhol, Niko; Schröder, Boris; Buchmann, Carsten M; Mueller, Thomas; Blaum, Niels; Zurell, Damaris; Böhning-Gaese, Katrin; Wiegand, Thorsten; Eccard, Jana A; Hofer, Heribert; Reeg, Jette; Eggers, Ute; Bauer, Silke


    Movement of organisms is one of the key mechanisms shaping biodiversity, e.g. the distribution of genes, individuals and species in space and time. Recent technological and conceptual advances have improved our ability to assess the causes and consequences of individual movement, and led to the emergence of the new field of 'movement ecology'. Here, we outline how movement ecology can contribute to the broad field of biodiversity research, i.e. the study of processes and patterns of life among and across different scales, from genes to ecosystems, and we propose a conceptual framework linking these hitherto largely separated fields of research. Our framework builds on the concept of movement ecology for individuals, and demonstrates its importance for linking individual organismal movement with biodiversity. First, organismal movements can provide 'mobile links' between habitats or ecosystems, thereby connecting resources, genes, and processes among otherwise separate locations. Understanding these mobile links and their impact on biodiversity will be facilitated by movement ecology, because mobile links can be created by different modes of movement (i.e., foraging, dispersal, migration) that relate to different spatiotemporal scales and have differential effects on biodiversity. Second, organismal movements can also mediate coexistence in communities, through 'equalizing' and 'stabilizing' mechanisms. This novel integrated framework provides a conceptual starting point for a better understanding of biodiversity dynamics in light of individual movement and space-use behavior across spatiotemporal scales. By illustrating this framework with examples, we argue that the integration of movement ecology and biodiversity research will also enhance our ability to conserve diversity at the genetic, species, and ecosystem levels.

  14. Multisensory integration of dynamic emotional faces and voices: method for simultaneous EEG-fMRI measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick David Schelenz


    Full Text Available Combined EEG-fMRI analysis correlates time courses from single electrodes or independent EEG components with the hemodynamic response. Implementing information from only one electrode, however, may miss relevant information from complex electrophysiological networks. Component based analysis, in turn, depends on a priori knowledge of the signal topography. Complex designs such as studies on multisensory integration of emotions investigate subtle differences in distributed networks based on only a few trials per condition. Thus, they require a sensitive and comprehensive approach which does not rely on a-priori knowledge about the underlying neural processes. In this pilot study, feasibility and sensitivity of source localization-driven analysis for EEG-fMRI was tested using a multisensory integration paradigm. Dynamic audiovisual stimuli consisting of emotional talking faces and pseudowords with emotional prosody were rated in a delayed response task. The trials comprised affectively congruent and incongruent displays.In addition to event-locked EEG and fMRI analyses, induced oscillatory EEG responses at estimated cortical sources and in specific temporo-spectral windows were correlated with the corresponding BOLD responses. EEG analysis showed high data quality with less than 10% trial rejection. In an early time window, alpha oscillations were suppressed in bilateral occipital cortices and fMRI analysis confirmed high data quality with reliable activation in auditory, visual and frontal areas to the presentation of multisensory stimuli. In line with previous studies, we obtained reliable correlation patterns for event locked occipital alpha suppression and BOLD signal time course.Our results suggest a valid methodological approach to investigate complex stimuli using the present source localization driven method for EEG-fMRI. This novel procedure may help to investigate combined EEG-fMRI data from novel complex paradigms with high spatial and

  15. Integrated Analysis of Interferometric SAR, Satellite Altimetry and Hydraulic Modeling to Quantify Louisiana Wetland Dynamics (United States)

    Lee, Hyongki; Kim, Jin-woo; Lu, Zhong; Jung, Hahn Chul; Shum, C. K.; Alsdorf, Doug


    Wetland loss in Louisiana has been accelerating due primarily to anthropogenic and nature processes, and is being advocated as a problem with national importance. Accurate measurement or modeling of wetland-wide water level changes, its varying extent, its storage and discharge changes resulting in part from sediment loads, erosion and subsidence are fundamental to assessment of hurricane-induced flood hazards and wetland ecology. Here, we use innovative method to integrate interferometric SAR (InSAR) and satellite radar altimetry for measuring absolute or geocentric water level changes and applied the methodology to remote areas of swamp forest in coastal Louisiana. Coherence analysis of InSAR pairs suggested that the HH polarization is preferred for this type of observation, and polarimetric analysis can help to identi:fy double-bonnce backscattering areas in the wetland. Envisat radar altimeter-measured 18- Hz (along-track sampling of 417 m) water level data processed with regional stackfile method have been used to provide vertical references for water bodies separated by levees. The high-resolution (approx.40 m) relative water changes measured from ALOS PALSAR L-band and Radarsat-l C-band InSAR are then integrated with Envisat radar altimetry to obtain absolute water level. The resulting water level time series were validated with in situ gauge observations within the swamp forest. Furthermore, we compare our water elevation changes with 2D flood modeling from LISFLOOD hydrodynamic model. Our study demonstrates that this new technique allows retrospective reconstruction and concurrent monitoring of water conditions and flow dynamics in wetlands, especially those lacking gauge networks.

  16. Dynamic Proteomic Characteristics and Network Integration Revealing Key Proteins for Two Kernel Tissue Developments in Popcorn.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongbin Dong

    Full Text Available The formation and development of maize kernel is a complex dynamic physiological and biochemical process that involves the temporal and spatial expression of many proteins and the regulation of metabolic pathways. In this study, the protein profiles of the endosperm and pericarp at three important developmental stages were analyzed by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ labeling coupled with LC-MS/MS in popcorn inbred N04. Comparative quantitative proteomic analyses among developmental stages and between tissues were performed, and the protein networks were integrated. A total of 6,876 proteins were identified, of which 1,396 were nonredundant. Specific proteins and different expression patterns were observed across developmental stages and tissues. The functional annotation of the identified proteins revealed the importance of metabolic and cellular processes, and binding and catalytic activities for the development of the tissues. The whole, endosperm-specific and pericarp-specific protein networks integrated 125, 9 and 77 proteins, respectively, which were involved in 54 KEGG pathways and reflected their complex metabolic interactions. Confirmation for the iTRAQ endosperm proteins by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis showed that 44.44% proteins were commonly found. However, the concordance between mRNA level and the protein abundance varied across different proteins, stages, tissues and inbred lines, according to the gene cloning and expression analyses of four relevant proteins with important functions and different expression levels. But the result by western blot showed their same expression tendency for the four proteins as by iTRAQ. These results could provide new insights into the developmental mechanisms of endosperm and pericarp, and grain formation in maize.

  17. Dynamic Proteomic Characteristics and Network Integration Revealing Key Proteins for Two Kernel Tissue Developments in Popcorn. (United States)

    Dong, Yongbin; Wang, Qilei; Zhang, Long; Du, Chunguang; Xiong, Wenwei; Chen, Xinjian; Deng, Fei; Ma, Zhiyan; Qiao, Dahe; Hu, Chunhui; Ren, Yangliu; Li, Yuling


    The formation and development of maize kernel is a complex dynamic physiological and biochemical process that involves the temporal and spatial expression of many proteins and the regulation of metabolic pathways. In this study, the protein profiles of the endosperm and pericarp at three important developmental stages were analyzed by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling coupled with LC-MS/MS in popcorn inbred N04. Comparative quantitative proteomic analyses among developmental stages and between tissues were performed, and the protein networks were integrated. A total of 6,876 proteins were identified, of which 1,396 were nonredundant. Specific proteins and different expression patterns were observed across developmental stages and tissues. The functional annotation of the identified proteins revealed the importance of metabolic and cellular processes, and binding and catalytic activities for the development of the tissues. The whole, endosperm-specific and pericarp-specific protein networks integrated 125, 9 and 77 proteins, respectively, which were involved in 54 KEGG pathways and reflected their complex metabolic interactions. Confirmation for the iTRAQ endosperm proteins by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis showed that 44.44% proteins were commonly found. However, the concordance between mRNA level and the protein abundance varied across different proteins, stages, tissues and inbred lines, according to the gene cloning and expression analyses of four relevant proteins with important functions and different expression levels. But the result by western blot showed their same expression tendency for the four proteins as by iTRAQ. These results could provide new insights into the developmental mechanisms of endosperm and pericarp, and grain formation in maize.

  18. An integrated approach to investigate the reach-averaged bend scale dynamics of large meandering rivers (United States)

    Monegaglia, Federico; Henshaw, Alex; Zolezzi, Guido; Tubino, Marco


    Planform development of evolving meander bends is a beautiful and complex dynamic phenomenon, controlled by the interplay among hydrodynamics, sediments and floodplain characteristics. In the past decades, morphodynamic models of river meandering have provided a thorough understanding of the unit physical processes interacting at the reach scale during meander planform evolution. On the other hand, recent years have seen advances in satellite geosciences able to provide data with increasing resolution and earth coverage, which are becoming an important tool for studying and managing river systems. Analysis of the planform development of meandering rivers through Landsat satellite imagery have been provided in very recent works. Methodologies for the objective and automatic extraction of key river development metrics from multi-temporal satellite images have been proposed though often limited to the extraction of channel centerlines, and not always able to yield quantitative data on channel width, migration rates and bed morphology. Overcoming such gap would make a major step forward to integrate morphodynamic theories, models and real-world data for an increased understanding of meandering river dynamics. In order to fulfill such gaps, a novel automatic procedure for extracting and analyzing the topography and planform dynamics of meandering rivers through time from satellite images is implemented. A robust algorithm able to compute channel centerline in complex contexts such as the presence of channel bifurcations and anabranching structures is used. As a case study, the procedure is applied to the Landsat database for a reach of the well-known case of Rio Beni, a large, suspended load dominated, tropical meandering river flowing through the Bolivian Amazon Basin. The reach-averaged evolution of single bends along Rio Beni over a 30 years period is analyzed, in terms of bend amplification rates computed according to the local centerline migration rate. A

  19. Dynamic Features of the Highly Excited Vibrational States of the HOCl Non-Integrable System Based on the Dynamic Potential and Lyapunov Exponent Approaches. (United States)

    Wang, Aixing; Fang, Chao; Liu, Yibao


    In this article the dynamic features of the highly excited vibrational states of the hypochlorous acid (HOCl) non-integrable system are studied using the dynamic potential and Lyapunov exponent approaches. On the condition that the 3:1 resonance between the H-O stretching and H-O-Cl bending modes accompany the 2:1 Fermi resonance between the O-Cl stretching and H-O-Cl bending modes, it is found that the dynamic potentials of the highly excited vibrational states vary regularly with different Polyad numbers (P numbers). As the P number increases, the dynamic potentials of the H-O stretching mode remain the same, but those of the H-O-Cl bending mode gradually become complex. In order to investigate the chaotic and stable features of the highly excited vibrational states of the HOCl non-integrable system, the Lyapunov exponents of different energy levels lying in the dynamic potentials of the H-O-Cl bending mode (P = 4 and 5) are calculated. It is shown that the Lyapunov exponents of the energy levels staying in the junction of Morse potential and inverse Morse potential are relative large, which indicates the degrees of chaos for these energy levels is relatively high, but the stabilities of the corresponding states are good. These results could be interpreted as the intramolecular vibrational relaxation (IVR) acting strongly via the HOCl bending motion and causing energy transfers among different modes. Based on the previous studies, these conclusions seem to be generally valid to some extent for non-integrable triatomic molecules.

  20. Symplectic tracking and compensation of dynamic field integrals in complex undulator structures (United States)

    Bahrdt, Johannes; Wüstefeld, Godehard


    In first approximation storage ring multipole magnets are described as simple two-dimensional magnet structures and many linear and nonlinear beam optic features of a magnet lattice can already be derived from this model. In contrast, undulators, and in particular variably polarizing devices, employ complicated three-dimensional magnetic fields which may have a severe impact on the electron beam, in particular, in low energy third generation storage rings. A Taylor expanded generating function method is presented to generate a fast, flexible, and symplectic mapping routine for particle tracking in magnetic fields. This method is quite general and is based on the solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. It requires an analytical representation of the fields, which can be differentiated and integrated. For undulators of the APPLE II type, an accurate analytic field model is derived which is suitable for the tracking routine. This field model is fully parametrized representing all operation modes for the production of elliptical or linear polarized light with an arbitrary inclination angle or even arbitrary polarization. Based on this field model, analytic expressions for 2nd order kicks are derived. They are used to estimate the influence of APPLE II undulators on the electron beam dynamic. Furthermore, an analytic model for the description of shims is given. The shims are needed for field and performance optimization. Passive and active shimming concepts for the compensation of linear and nonlinear effects of variably polarizing undulators are discussed.

  1. DOOR 2.0: presenting operons and their functions through dynamic and integrated views. (United States)

    Mao, Xizeng; Ma, Qin; Zhou, Chuan; Chen, Xin; Zhang, Hanyuan; Yang, Jincai; Mao, Fenglou; Lai, Wei; Xu, Ying


    We have recently developed a new version of the DOOR operon database, DOOR 2.0, which is available online at and will be updated on a regular basis. DOOR 2.0 contains genome-scale operons for 2072 prokaryotes with complete genomes, three times the number of genomes covered in the previous version published in 2009. DOOR 2.0 has a number of new features, compared with its previous version, including (i) more than 250,000 transcription units, experimentally validated or computationally predicted based on RNA-seq data, providing a dynamic functional view of the underlying operons; (ii) an integrated operon-centric data resource that provides not only operons for each covered genome but also their functional and regulatory information such as their cis-regulatory binding sites for transcription initiation and termination, gene expression levels estimated based on RNA-seq data and conservation information across multiple genomes; (iii) a high-performance web service for online operon prediction on user-provided genomic sequences; (iv) an intuitive genome browser to support visualization of user-selected data; and (v) a keyword-based Google-like search engine for finding the needed information intuitively and rapidly in this database.

  2. Integrative spike dynamics of rat CA1 neurons: a multineuronal imaging study. (United States)

    Sasaki, Takuya; Kimura, Rie; Tsukamoto, Masako; Matsuki, Norio; Ikegaya, Yuji


    The brain operates through a coordinated interplay of numerous neurons, yet little is known about the collective behaviour of individual neurons embedded in a huge network. We used large-scale optical recordings to address synaptic integration in hundreds of neurons. In hippocampal slice cultures bolus-loaded with Ca2+ fluorophores, we stimulated the Schaffer collaterals and monitored the aggregate presynaptic activity from the stratum radiatum and individual postsynaptic spikes from the CA1 stratum pyramidale. Single neurons responded to varying synaptic inputs with unreliable spikes, but at the population level, the networks stably output a linear sum of synaptic inputs. Nonetheless, the network activity, even though given constant stimuli, varied from trial to trial. This variation emerged through time-varying recruitment of different neuron subsets, which were shaped by correlated background noise. We also mapped the input-frequency preference in spiking activity and found that the majority of CA1 neurons fired in response to a limited range of presynaptic firing rates (20-40 Hz), acting like a band-pass filter, although a few neurons had high pass-like or low pass-like characteristics. This frequency selectivity depended on phasic inhibitory transmission. Thus, our imaging approach enables the linking of single-cell behaviours to their communal dynamics, and we discovered that, even in a relatively simple CA1 circuit, neurons could be engaged in concordant information processing.

  3. Iterative quantum-classical path integral with dynamically consistent state hopping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walters, Peter L.; Makri, Nancy [Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)


    We investigate the convergence of iterative quantum-classical path integral calculations in sluggish environments strongly coupled to a quantum system. The number of classical trajectories, thus the computational cost, grows rapidly (exponentially, unless filtering techniques are employed) with the memory length included in the calculation. We argue that the choice of the (single) trajectory branch during the time preceding the memory interval can significantly affect the memory length required for convergence. At short times, the trajectory branch associated with the reactant state improves convergence by eliminating spurious memory. We also introduce an instantaneous population-based probabilistic scheme which introduces state-to-state hops in the retained pre-memory trajectory branch, and which is designed to choose primarily the trajectory branch associated with the reactant at early times, but to favor the product state more as the reaction progresses to completion. Test calculations show that the dynamically consistent state hopping scheme leads to accelerated convergence and a dramatic reduction of computational effort.

  4. Dynamic myosin phosphorylation regulates contractile pulses and tissue integrity during epithelial morphogenesis (United States)

    Vasquez, Claudia G.; Tworoger, Mike


    Apical constriction is a cell shape change that promotes epithelial bending. Activation of nonmuscle myosin II (Myo-II) by kinases such as Rho-associated kinase (Rok) is important to generate contractile force during apical constriction. Cycles of Myo-II assembly and disassembly, or pulses, are associated with apical constriction during Drosophila melanogaster gastrulation. It is not understood whether Myo-II phosphoregulation organizes contractile pulses or whether pulses are important for tissue morphogenesis. Here, we show that Myo-II pulses are associated with pulses of apical Rok. Mutants that mimic Myo-II light chain phosphorylation or depletion of myosin phosphatase inhibit Myo-II contractile pulses, disrupting both actomyosin coalescence into apical foci and cycles of Myo-II assembly/disassembly. Thus, coupling dynamic Myo-II phosphorylation to upstream signals organizes contractile Myo-II pulses in both space and time. Mutants that mimic Myo-II phosphorylation undergo continuous, rather than incremental, apical constriction. These mutants fail to maintain intercellular actomyosin network connections during tissue invagination, suggesting that Myo-II pulses are required for tissue integrity during morphogenesis. PMID:25092658

  5. Integrating computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models with GIS: an evaluation on data conversion formats (United States)

    Wong, David W.; Camelli, Fernando; Sonwalkar, Mukul


    Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models are powerful computational tools to simulate urban-landscape scale atmospheric dispersion events. They are proven to be very useful for security management and emergency response. Essential inputs to CFD models include landscape characteristics, which are often captured by various GIS data layers. While it is logical to couple GIS and CFD models to take advantage of available GIS data and the visualization and cartographic rendering capabilities of GIS, the integration of the two tools have been minimal. In this paper, we took the first step to evaluate the use of GIS data in CFD modeling. Specifically, we explore how efficient is to use GIS data in CFD models and how sensitive the CFD results are to different GIS data formats. Using campus topography and building data, and the FEFLO-URBAN CFD model, we performed atmospheric release simulations using topographic data in contour and raster formats. We found that using raster format was quite efficient and contour data required significant effort. Though the simulation outputs from the two data formats were not identical, their overall outcomes were similar and did not post alarming discrepancies. We concluded that using GIS data have tremendous potential for CFD modeling.

  6. Technical note: Dynamic INtegrated Gap-filling and partitioning for OzFlux (DINGO) (United States)

    Beringer, Jason; McHugh, Ian; Hutley, Lindsay B.; Isaac, Peter; Kljun, Natascha


    Standardised, quality-controlled and robust data from flux networks underpin the understanding of ecosystem processes and tools necessary to support the management of natural resources, including water, carbon and nutrients for environmental and production benefits. The Australian regional flux network (OzFlux) currently has 23 active sites and aims to provide a continental-scale national research facility to monitor and assess Australia's terrestrial biosphere and climate for improved predictions. Given the need for standardised and effective data processing of flux data, we have developed a software suite, called the Dynamic INtegrated Gap-filling and partitioning for OzFlux (DINGO), that enables gap-filling and partitioning of the primary fluxes into ecosystem respiration (Fre) and gross primary productivity (GPP) and subsequently provides diagnostics and results. We outline the processing pathways and methodologies that are applied in DINGO (v13) to OzFlux data, including (1) gap-filling of meteorological and other drivers; (2) gap-filling of fluxes using artificial neural networks; (3) the u* threshold determination; (4) partitioning into ecosystem respiration and gross primary productivity; (5) random, model and u* uncertainties; and (6) diagnostic, footprint calculation, summary and results outputs. DINGO was developed for Australian data, but the framework is applicable to any flux data or regional network. Quality data from robust systems like DINGO ensure the utility and uptake of the flux data and facilitates synergies between flux, remote sensing and modelling.

  7. Geometric isotope effects on small chloride ion water clusters with path integral molecular dynamics simulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Qi [Department of Chemistry, Tsukuba University, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba 305-8571 (Japan); Suzuki, Kimichi [Research Institute for Nanosystem, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Chuo-2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Nagashima, Umpei, E-mail: [Department of Chemistry, Tsukuba University, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba 305-8571 (Japan); Research Institute for Nanosystem, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Chuo-2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Tachikawa, Masanori [Quantum Chemistry Division, Graduate School of Science, Yokohama-City University, Seto 22-2, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0027 (Japan); Yan, Shiwei [College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)


    Highlights: • PIMD simulations with PM6-DH+ potential are carried out for Cl{sup −}(H{sub 2}O){sub n} clusters. • The geometric isotope effects on the rearrangement of single and multi shell structures are presented. • The competition of intramolecular and intermolecular nuclear quantum effects on the cluster structures is shown. • The correlations between r(Cl…O) and other vibration motions are discussed. - Abstract: The geometric isotope effects on the structures of hydrated chloride ionic hydrogen bonded clusters are explored by carrying out path integral molecular dynamics simulations. First, an outer shell coordinate is selected to display the rearrangement of single and multi hydration shell cluster structures. Next, to show the competition of intramolecular and intermolecular nuclear quantum effects, the intramolecular OH{sup ∗} stretching and intermolecular ion–water wagging motions are studied for single and multi shell structures, respectively. The results indicate that the intermolecular nuclear quantum effects stabilize the ionic hydrogen bonds in single shell structures, while they are destabilized through the competition with intramolecular nuclear quantum effects in multi shell structures. In addition, the correlations between ion–water stretching motion and other cluster vibrational coordinates are discussed. The results indicate that the intermolecular nuclear quantum effects on the cluster structures are strongly related to the cooperation of the water–water hydrogen bond interactions.

  8. Integrated operational control and dynamic task allocation of unattended distributed sensor systems (United States)

    Talukder, Ashit


    Unattended autonomous systems of the future will involve groups of static and mobile sensors functioning in coordination to achieve overall task objectives. Such systems can be viewed as wirelessly networked unmanned heterogeneous sensor networks. We discuss a distributed heterogeneous sensing system with static sensors and mobile robots with novel control optimization algorithms for dynamic adaptation, coordinated control and end to end resource management of all sensors in response to detected events to achieve overall system goals and objectives. Our system is designed for a host of applications, such as unmediated data monitoring and record keeping of the environment, battlefield monitoring using integrated ground, ocean and air sensors, and reactive operation to threats or changing conditions, and homeland security or border/road surveillance systems where unmanned vehicles can be deployed autonomously in response to detected events. Results for large area coastal monitoring are presented. Offline results using actual modeled data from in-situ sensory measurements demonstrate how the sensor parameters can be adapted to maximize observability of a freshwater plume while ensuring that individual system components operate within their physical limitations.1 2

  9. Multimode Analysis of the Dynamics and Integrity of Electrically Actuated MEMS Resonators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge Bruno Yamgoué


    technique to reduce the partial integro-differential equation governing the dynamics of the microbeam to a system of coupled ordinary differential equations which describe the interactions of the linear mode shapes of the microbeam. Analytical solutions are derived and their stability is studied for the simplest reduced-order model which takes into account only the first linear mode in the Galerkin procedure. We further investigate the influence of the first few higher modes on the Galerkin procedure, and hence its convergence, by analysing the boundaries between pull-in and pull-in-free vibrations domains in the space of actuation parameters. These are determined for the various multimode combinations using direct numerical time integration. Our results show that unsafe domains form V-like shapes for actuation frequencies close to the superharmonic, fundamental, and subharmonic resonances. They also reveal that the single first-mode reduced model usually considered underestimates the left branches and overestimates the right branches of these boundaries.

  10. Laccase-13 Regulates Seed Setting Rate by Affecting Hydrogen Peroxide Dynamics and Mitochondrial Integrity in Rice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yu


    Full Text Available Seed setting rate is one of the most important components of rice grain yield. To date, only several genes regulating setting rate have been identified in plant. In this study, we showed that laccase-13 (OsLAC13, a member of laccase family genes which are known for their roles in modulating phenylpropanoid pathway and secondary lignification in cell wall, exerts a regulatory function in rice seed setting rate. OsLAC13 expressed in anthers and promotes hydrogen peroxide production both in vitro and in the filaments and anther connectives. Knock-out of OsLAC13 showed significantly increased seed setting rate, while overexpression of this gene exhibited induced mitochondrial damage and suppressed sugar transportation in anthers, which in turn affected seed setting rate. OsLAC13 also induced H2O2 production and mitochondrial damage in the root tip cells which caused the lethal phenotype. We also showed that high abundant of OsmiR397, the suppressor of OsLAC13 mRNA, increased the seed setting rate of rice plants, and restrains H2O2 accumulation in roots during oxidative stress. Our results suggested a novel regulatory role of OsLAC13 gene in regulating seed setting rate by affecting H2O2 dynamics and mitochondrial integrity in rice.

  11. Enhanced IMC design of load disturbance rejection for integrating and unstable processes with slow dynamics. (United States)

    Liu, Tao; Gao, Furong


    In view of the deficiencies in existing internal model control (IMC)-based methods for load disturbance rejection for integrating and unstable processes with slow dynamics, a modified IMC-based controller design is proposed to deal with step- or ramp-type load disturbance that is often encountered in engineering practices. By classifying the ways through which such load disturbance enters into the process, analytical controller formulae are correspondingly developed, based on a two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF) control structure that allows for separate optimization of load disturbance rejection from setpoint tracking. An obvious merit is that there is only a single adjustable parameter in the proposed controller, which in essence corresponds to the time constant of the closed-loop transfer function for load disturbance rejection, and can be monotonically tuned to meet a good trade-off between disturbance rejection performance and closed-loop robust stability. At the same time, robust tuning constraints are given to accommodate process uncertainties in practice. Illustrative examples from the recent literature are used to show effectiveness and merits of the proposed method for different cases of load disturbance. Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  12. Dynamical mean-field theory and path integral renormalisation group calculations of strongly correlated electronic states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heilmann, D.B.


    The two-plane HUBBARD model, which is a model for some electronic properties of undoped YBCO superconductors as well as displays a MOTT metal-to-insulator transition and a metal-to-band insulator transition, is studied within Dynamical Mean-Field Theory using HIRSCH-FYE Monte Carlo. In order to find the different transitions and distinguish the types of insulator, we calculate the single-particle spectral densities, the self-energies and the optical conductivities. We conclude that there is a continuous transition from MOTT to band insulator. In the second part, ground state properties of a diagonally disordered HUBBARD model is studied using a generalisation of Path Integral Renormalisation Group, a variational method which can also determine low-lying excitations. In particular, the distribution of antiferromagnetic properties is investigated. We conclude that antiferromagnetism breaks down in a percolation-type transition at a critical disorder, which is not changed appreciably by the inclusion of correlation effects, when compared to earlier studies. Electronic and excitation properties at the system sizes considered turn out to primarily depend on the geometry. (orig.)

  13. [Integrity]. (United States)

    Gómez Rodríguez, Rafael Ángel


    To say that someone possesses integrity is to claim that that person is almost predictable about responses to specific situations, that he or she can prudentially judge and to act correctly. There is a closed interrelationship between integrity and autonomy, and the autonomy rests on the deeper moral claim of all humans to integrity of the person. Integrity has two senses of significance for medical ethic: one sense refers to the integrity of the person in the bodily, psychosocial and intellectual elements; and in the second sense, the integrity is the virtue. Another facet of integrity of the person is la integrity of values we cherish and espouse. The physician must be a person of integrity if the integrity of the patient is to be safeguarded. The autonomy has reduced the violations in the past, but the character and virtues of the physician are the ultimate safeguard of autonomy of patient. A field very important in medicine is the scientific research. It is the character of the investigator that determines the moral quality of research. The problem arises when legitimate self-interests are replaced by selfish, particularly when human subjects are involved. The final safeguard of moral quality of research is the character and conscience of the investigator. Teaching must be relevant in the scientific field, but the most effective way to teach virtue ethics is through the example of the a respected scientist.

  14. Characterization of the Dynamic Littoral Zone: An Exercise in the Real-Time Dynamics of Spatial Data Integration

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Breckenridge, John


    The National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) has established 'Phase I Proof-of-Concept Demonstration for an Integrated Interagency Characterization of the Littoral Zone' under the program direction of Chung Hye Read...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brata Pantjara


    Full Text Available One of the technologies to improve the productivity of shrimp farms are environmentally friendly shrimp farming multitrophic integrated system known as Integrated Multitrophic Aquaculture (IMTA. The aims of the study were to observe the water quality dynamic on the integrated multitrophic aquaculture and the effect on the production. This study was used four plots which each of pond had 4,000 m2 in sizing, located in experiment pond, at Research and Development Institute for Coastal Aquaculture, Maros. The main commodities used were tiger and vannamei shrimp. In the A pond was cultivated the tiger shrimp with density 12 ind./m2, in B pond was tiger shrimp with density 8 ind./m2, C pond was vannamei shrimp with density 50 ind./m2, and D pond was vannamei shrimp with density 25 ind./m2. Other commodities were red tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus. Each pond had stocking density 2,400 ind./plot which was divided into 5 hapas having a size of (6 m x 4 m x 1.2 m/each, mangrove oysters (Crassostrea iredalei and Saccostrea cucullata with density 7,500 ind./4,000 m2 and seaweed (Gracilaria verrucosa of 500 kg/4,000 m2. The observation of dynamic water quality in the pond was conducted every day i.e. temperature, dissolved oxygen, salinity, and measured pH, while the total organic matter total (TOM, total ammonia nitrogen (TAN, nitrite, nitrate, phosphate were taken every two weeks. The measurements methods of water quality in laboratory was refered to APHA (2008; and Boyd (1990. During the study, absorption of N and P in seaweed were measured, the obtained plankton was identified and the ratio of carbon and nitrogen during the observation was also calculated. To determine the effect of dominant water quality on production was used the principal component analysis (PCA. The result showed that water quality during the study was suitable for shrimp and red tilapia culture. The dominant water qualities which effected the shrimp production in

  16. On the numerical stability for some symplectic integrators (United States)

    Liu, F. Y.; Wu, X.; Lu, B. K.


    This research deals mainly with an analysis of the linear stability of several symplectic integrators for a linear Hamiltonian system, which involve the first-order implicit symplectic Euler scheme, the second-order implicit centered Euler difference scheme, the first-order explicit symplectic Euler scheme and the second-order explicit leapfrog symplectic integrator. Meantime, a stable region for each integrator is found. The fact is also checked by numerical tests. Especially for a system with a real symmetric quadratic form, a simpler way to study the numerical stability is to use diagonalizing transformations. As an emphasis, a rather larger stable time step of each algorithm is admissible for either a linear or nonlinear system with integrable separations of one main piece and another petty piece rather than a kinetic energy and a potential energy.

  17. Electron Lenses for Experiments on Nonlinear Dynamics with Wide Stable Tune Spreads in the Fermilab Integrable Optics Test Accelerator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stancari, G. [Fermilab; Carlson, K. [Fermilab; McGee, M. W. [Fermilab; Nobrega, L. E. [Fermilab; Romanov, A. L. [Fermilab; Ruan, J. [Fermilab; Valishev, A. [Fermilab; Noll, D. [Frankfurt U.


    Recent developments in the study of integrable Hamiltonian systems have led to nonlinear accelerator lattice designs with two transverse invariants. These lattices may drastically improve the performance of high-power machines, providing wide tune spreads and Landau damping to protect the beam from instabilities, while preserving dynamic aperture. To test the feasibility of these concepts, the Integrable Optics Test Accelerator (IOTA) is being designed and built at Fermilab. One way to obtain a nonlinear integrable lattice is by using the fields generated by a magnetically confined electron beam (electron lens) overlapping with the circulating beam. The parameters of the required device are similar to the ones of existing electron lenses. We present theory, numerical simulations, and first design studies of electron lenses for nonlinear integrable optics.

  18. Operational and Strategic Implementation of Dynamic Line Rating for Optimized Wind Energy Generation Integration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gentle, Jake Paul [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)


    One primary goal of rendering today’s transmission grid “smarter” is to optimize and better manage its power transfer capacity in real time. Power transfer capacity is affected by three main elements: stability, voltage limits, and thermal ratings. All three are critical, but thermal ratings represent the greatest opportunity to quickly, reliably and economically utilize the grid’s true capacity. With the “Smarter Grid”, new solutions have been sought to give operators a better grasp on real time conditions, allowing them to manage and extend the usefulness of existing transmission infrastructure in a safe and reliable manner. The objective of the INL Wind Program is to provide industry a Dynamic Line Rating (DLR) solution that is state of the art as measured by cost, accuracy and dependability, to enable human operators to make informed decisions and take appropriate actions without human or system overloading and impacting the reliability of the grid. In addition to mitigating transmission line congestion to better integrate wind, DLR also offers the opportunity to improve the grid with optimized utilization of transmission lines to relieve congestion in general. As wind-generated energy has become a bigger part of the nation’s energy portfolio, researchers have learned that wind not only turns turbine blades to generate electricity, but can cool transmission lines and increase transfer capabilities significantly, sometimes up to 60 percent. INL’s DLR development supports EERE and The Wind Energy Technology Office’s goals by informing system planners and grid operators of available transmission capacity, beyond typical Static Line Ratings (SLR). SLRs are based on a fixed set of conservative environmental conditions to establish a limit on the amount of current lines can safely carry without overheating. Using commercially available weather monitors mounted on industry informed custom brackets developed by INL in combination with Computational

  19. Integrated decision-making about housing, energy and wellbeing: a qualitative system dynamics model. (United States)

    Macmillan, Alexandra; Davies, Michael; Shrubsole, Clive; Luxford, Naomi; May, Neil; Chiu, Lai Fong; Trutnevyte, Evelina; Bobrova, Yekatherina; Chalabi, Zaid


    integrated approach to housing. The qualitative model has begun to improve the assessment of future policy options across a broad range of outcomes. Future work is needed to validate the model and increase its utility through computer simulation incorporating best quality data and evidence. Combining system dynamics modelling with other methods for weighing up policy options, as well as methods to support shifts in the conceptual frameworks underpinning policy, will be necessary to achieve shared housing goals across physical, mental, environmental, economic and social wellbeing.

  20. A Study of Tourism Dynamics in Three Italian Regions Using a Nonautonomous Integrable Lotka–Volterra Model (United States)

    Romano, Alessandro


    This article is a first application of an integrable nonautonomous Lotka–Volterra (LV) model to the study of tourism dynamics. In particular, we analyze the interaction in terms of touristic flows among three Italian regions. Confirming an hypothesis advanced by recent theoretical works, we find that these regions not only compete against each other, but at times they also proceed in mutualism. Moreover, the kind and the intensity of the interaction changes over time, suggesting that dynamic models can play a vital role in the study of touristic flows. PMID:27661615

  1. An integrated model for simulating and diagnosing the water quality based on the system dynamics and Bayesian network. (United States)

    Wang, Gengzhe; Wang, Shuo; Kang, Qiao; Duan, Haiyan; Wang, Xian'En


    An integrated model for simulating and diagnosing water quality based on the system dynamics and Bayesian network (BN) is presented in the paper. The research aims to connect water monitoring downstream with outlet management upstream in order to present an efficiency outlet management strategy. The integrated model was built from two components: the system dynamics were used to simulate the water quality and the BN was applied to diagnose the reason for water quality deterioration according to the water quality simulation. The integrated model was applied in a case study of the Songhua River from the Baiqi section to the Songlin section to prove its reasonability and accuracy. The results showed that the simulation fit to the variation trend of monitoring data, and the average relative error was less than 10%. The water quality deterioration in the Songlin section was mainly found to be caused by the water quality in the upper reach and Hadashan Reservoir drain by using the diagnosis function of the integrated model based on BN. The relevant result revealed that the integrated model could provide reasonable and quantitative support for the basin manager to make a reasonable outlet control strategy to avoid more serious water quality deterioration.

  2. Matrix membranes and integrability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zachos, C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Fairlie, D. [University of Durham (United Kingdom). Dept. of Mathematical Sciences; Curtright, T. [University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL (United States). Dept. of Physics


    This is a pedagogical digest of results reported in Curtright, Fairlie, {ampersand} Zachos 1997, and an explicit implementation of Euler`s construction for the solution of the Poisson Bracket dual Nahm equation. But it does not cover 9 and 10-dimensional systems, and subsequent progress on them Fairlie 1997. Cubic interactions are considered in 3 and 7 space dimensions, respectively, for bosonic membranes in Poisson Bracket form. Their symmetries and vacuum configurations are explored. Their associated first order equations are transformed to Nahm`s equations, and are hence seen to be integrable, for the 3-dimensional case, by virtue of the explicit Lax pair provided. Most constructions introduced also apply to matrix commutator or Moyal Bracket analogs.

  3. Integrated modeling of the dynamic meteorological and sea surface conditions during the passage of Typhoon Morakot (United States)

    Lee, Han Soo; Yamashita, Takao; Hsu, John R.-C.; Ding, Fei


    In August 2009, Typhoon Morakot caused massive flooding and devastating mudslides in the southern Taiwan triggered by extremely heavy rainfall (2777 mm in 4 days) which occurred during its passage. It was one of the deadliest typhoons that have ever attacked Taiwan in recent years. In this study, numerical simulations are performed for the storm surge and ocean surface waves, together with dynamic meteorological fields such as wind, pressure and precipitation induced by Typhoon Morakot, using an atmosphere-waves-ocean integrated modelling system. The wave-induced dissipation stress from breaking waves, whitecapping and depth-induced wave breaking, is parameterized and included in the wave-current interaction process, in addition to its influence on the storm surge level in shallow water along the coast of Taiwan. The simulated wind and pressure field captures the characteristics of the observed meteorological field. The spatial distribution of the accumulated rainfall within 4 days, from 00:00 UTC 6 August to 00:00 UTC 10 August 2009, shows similar patterns as the observed values. The 4-day accumulated rainfall of 2777 mm at the A-Li Shan mountain weather station for the same period depicted a high correlation with the observed value of 2780 mm/4 days. The effects of wave-induced dissipation stress in the wave-current interaction resulted in increased surge heights on the relatively shallow western coast of Taiwan, where the bottom slope of the bathymetry ranges from mild to moderate. The results also show that wave-breaking has to be considered for accurate storm surge prediction along the east coast of Taiwan over the narrow bank of surf zone with a high horizontal resolution of the model domain.

  4. Improving the Projections of Vegetation Biogeography by Integrating Climate Envelope Models and Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (United States)

    Case, M. J.; Kim, J. B.


    Assessing changes in vegetation is increasingly important for conservation planning in the face of climate change. Dynamic global vegetation models (DGVMs) are important tools for assessing such changes. DGVMs have been applied at regional scales to create projections of range expansions and contractions of plant functional types. Many DGVMs use a number of algorithms to determine the biogeography of plant functional types. One such DGVM, MC2, uses a series of decision trees based on bioclimatic thresholds while others, such as LPJ, use constraining emergent properties with a limited set of bioclimatic threshold-based rules. Although both approaches have been used widely, we demonstrate that these biogeography outputs perform poorly at continental scales when compared to existing potential vegetation maps. Specifically, we found that with MC2, the algorithm for determining leaf physiognomy is too simplistic to capture arid and semi-arid vegetation in much of the western U.S., as well as is the algorithm for determining the broadleaf and needleleaf mix in the Southeast. With LPJ, we found that the bioclimatic thresholds used to allow seedling establishment are too broad and fail to capture regional-scale biogeography of the plant functional types. In response, we demonstrate a new approach to determining the biogeography of plant functional types by integrating the climatic thresholds produced for individual tree species by a series of climate envelope models with the biogeography algorithms of MC2 and LPJ. Using this approach, we find that MC2 and LPJ perform considerably better when compared to potential vegetation maps.

  5. Dynamic Integration of Mobile JXTA with Cloud Computing for Emergency Rural Public Health Care. (United States)

    Rajkumar, Rajasekaran; Sriman Narayana Iyengar, Nallani Chackravatula


    The existing processes of health care systems where data collection requires a great deal of labor with high-end tasks to retrieve and analyze information, are usually slow, tedious, and error prone, which restrains their clinical diagnostic and monitoring capabilities. Research is now focused on integrating cloud services with P2P JXTA to identify systematic dynamic process for emergency health care systems. The proposal is based on the concepts of a community cloud for preventative medicine, to help promote a healthy rural community. We investigate the approaches of patient health monitoring, emergency care, and an ambulance alert alarm (AAA) under mobile cloud-based telecare or community cloud controller systems. Considering permanent mobile users, an efficient health promotion method is proposed. Experiments were conducted to verify the effectiveness of the method. The performance was evaluated from September 2011 to July 2012. A total of 1,856,454 cases were transported and referred to hospital, identified with health problems, and were monitored. We selected all the peer groups and the control server N0 which controls N1, N2, and N3 proxied peer groups. The hospital cloud controller maintains the database of the patients through a JXTA network. Among 1,856,454 transported cases with beneficiaries of 1,712,877 cases there were 1,662,834 lives saved and 8,500 cases transported per day with 104,530 transported cases found to be registered in a JXTA network. The registered case histories were referred from the Hospital community cloud (HCC). SMS messages were sent from node N0 to the relay peers which connected to the N1, N2, and N3 nodes, controlled by the cloud controller through a JXTA network.

  6. Integrated System Dynamics Modelling for water scarcity assessment: case study of the Kairouan region. (United States)

    Sušnik, Janez; Vamvakeridou-Lyroudia, Lydia S; Savić, Dragan A; Kapelan, Zoran


    A System Dynamics Model (SDM) assessing water scarcity and potential impacts of socio-economic policies in a complex hydrological system is developed. The model, simulating water resources deriving from numerous catchment sources and demand from four sectors (domestic, industrial, agricultural, external pumping), contains multiple feedback loops and sub-models. The SDM is applied to the Merguellil catchment, Tunisia; the first time such an integrated model has been developed for the water scarce Kairouan region. The application represents an early step in filling a critical research gap. The focus of this paper is to a) assess the applicability of SDM for assessment of the evolution of a water-scarce catchment and b) to analyse the current and future behaviour of the catchment to evaluate water scarcity, focusing on understanding trends to inform policy. Baseline results indicate aquifer over-exploitation, agreeing with observed trends. If current policy and social behaviour continue, serious aquifer depletion is possible in the not too distant future, with implications for the economy and environment. This is unlikely to occur because policies preventing depletion will be implemented. Sensitivity tests were carried out to show which parameters most impacted aquifer behaviour. Results show non-linear model behaviour. Some tests showed negligible change in behaviour. Others showed unrealistic exponential changes in demand, revenue and aquifer water volume. Policy-realistic parameters giving the greatest positive impact on model behaviour were those controlling per-capita domestic water demand and the pumped volume to coastal cities. All potentially beneficial policy options should be considered, giving the best opportunity for preservation of Kairouan aquifer water quantity/quality, ecologically important habitats and the agricultural socio-economic driver of regional development. SDM is a useful tool for assessing the potential impacts of possible policy measures

  7. Euler-Lagrange equations for high energy actions in QCD and in gravity*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lipatov L.N.


    Full Text Available The high energy scattering in QCD and gravity can be described in terms of reggeized gluons and gravitons, respectively. At N = 4 SUSY the BFKL Pomeron is dual to the reggeized graviton living in the 10-dimensional anti-de-Sitter space. We discuss the corresponding effective actions for reggeized gluon and graviton interactions. The Euler-Lagrange equations for these effective theories are constructed with a variational approach and by using an invariance under the gauge and general coordinate transformations. We discuss their solutions and applications to the calculation of effective Reggeon vertices and trajectories.

  8. Non-dispersive conservative regularisation of nonlinear shallow water (and isentropic Euler equations) (United States)

    Clamond, Didier; Dutykh, Denys


    A new regularisation of the shallow water (and isentropic Euler) equations is proposed. The regularised equations are non-dissipative, non-dispersive and posses a variational structure; thus, the mass, the momentum and the energy are conserved. Hence, for instance, regularised hydraulic jumps are smooth and non-oscillatory. Another particularly interesting feature of this regularisation is that smoothed 'shocks' propagates at exactly the same speed as the original discontinuous ones. The performance of the new model is illustrated numerically on some dam-break test cases, which are classical in the hyperbolic realm.

  9. A new approach on fractional variational problems and Euler-Lagrange equations (United States)

    Bahrami, F.; Fazli, H.; Jodayree Akbarfam, A.


    In this paper we generalize fractional variational problems in [ a, b ] . We allow for the possibility that functions in the space of solution for the optimization problem can blow up at boundary points. The appropriate fractional derivative spaces are introduced and a compact embedding theorem demonstrated. We prove the existence of minimizers for the variational problems which satisfy the Euler-Lagrange equations with Riemann-Liouville boundary conditions. Our method is based on the fractional calculus of variations. An example is given to illustrate the results.



    Ajay Sharma


    Objective: F =ma is taught as Newton’s second law of motion all over the world. But it was given by Euler in 1775, forty-eight years after the death of Newton. It is debated here with scientific logic. Methods/Statistical analysis: The discussion partially deals with history of science so various aspects are quoted from original references. Newton did not give any equation in the Principia for second, third laws motion and law of gravitation. Conceptually, in Newton’s time, neither accele...

  11. An analysis of flux-split algorithms for Euler's equations with real gases (United States)

    Grossman, B.; Walters, R. W.


    An analysis of flux-splitting procedures for the solution of Euler's equations with real gas effects is presented. An alternative real-gas flux-splitting is derived which can easily be implemented into existing codes. This approach, which takes the form of an 'equivalent' gamma representation is not an ad hoc model, but is based on theoretical considerations. Details of this method with the Steger-Warming and Van Leer flux vector splittings and the Roe flux-difference splitting are given. Applications of the method to several high Mach number, high temperature flows are presented for one and two space dimensions.

  12. Estimating the Euler Characteristic of a planar set from a digital image

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiderlen, Markus


    A new estimator (approximation) for the Euler–Poincare characteristic of a planar set K in the extended convex ring is suggested. As input, it uses only the digital image of K, which is modeled as the set of all points of a regular lattice falling in K. The key idea is to estimate the two planar...... Betti numbers of K (number of connected components and number of holes) by approximating K and its complement by polygonal sets derived from the digitization. In contrast to earlier methods, only certain connected components of these approximations are counted. The estimator of the Euler characteristic...

  13. Translationally invariant clusters in coordinate space: an Euler-Lagrange approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bishop, R.F. (Manchester Univ. (United Kingdom). Inst. of Science and Technology); Buendia, E. (Granada Univ. (Spain). Facultad de Ciencias); Flynn, M.F.; Guardiola, R. (Universidad de Valencia Estudi General, Valencia (Spain). Dept. de Fisica Atomica y Nuclear)


    A general translationally invariant version of the coupled cluster theory has been previously formulated. The linearized approximation referred to as the second-order translationally invariant cluster method is here investigated. In particular this method is algebraically formulated and numerically solved at the optimal Euler-Lagrange level for finite bosonic systems. The method proves to be highly superior to the standard configuration-interaction calculations of the shell-model type, and confirms the validity of the Gaussian geminal expansion of the two-body cluster C{sub 2}. (author).

  14. Car-Parrinello and path integral molecular dynamics study of the hydrogen bond in the chloroacetic acid dimer system (United States)

    Durlak, Piotr; Morrison, Carole A.; Middlemiss, Derek S.; Latajka, Zdzislaw


    We have studied the double proton transfer (DPT) reaction in the cyclic dimer of chloroacetic acid using both classical and path integral Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics. We also attempt to quantify the errors in the potential energy surface that arise from the use of a pure density functional. In the classical dynamics a clear reaction mechanism can be identified, where asynchronized DPT arises due to coupling between the O-H stretching oscillator and several low energy intermolecular vibrational modes. This mechanism is considerably altered when quantum tunneling is permitted in the simulation. The introduction of path integrals leads to considerable changes in the thermally averaged molecular geometry, leading to shorter and more centered hydrogen bond linkages.

  15. On time discretizations for spectral methods. [numerical integration of Fourier and Chebyshev methods for dynamic partial differential equations (United States)

    Gottlieb, D.; Turkel, E.


    New methods are introduced for the time integration of the Fourier and Chebyshev methods of solution for dynamic differential equations. These methods are unconditionally stable, even though no matrix inversions are required. Time steps are chosen by accuracy requirements alone. For the Fourier method both leapfrog and Runge-Kutta methods are considered. For the Chebyshev method only Runge-Kutta schemes are tested. Numerical calculations are presented to verify the analytic results. Applications to the shallow water equations are presented.

  16. Real-time monitoring of cellular dynamics using a microfluidic cell culture system with integrated electrode array and potentiostat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zor, Kinga; Vergani, M.; Heiskanen, Arto


    A versatile microfluidic, multichamber cell culture and analysis system with an integrated electrode array and potentiostat suitable for electrochemical detection and microscopic imaging is presented in this paper. The system, which allows on-line electrode cleaning and modification, was developed...... for real-time monitoring of cellular dynamics, exemplified in this work by monitoring of redox metabolism inside living yeast cells and dopamine release from PC12 cells....

  17. Analytical generation of the dynamical equations for mechanical manipulators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geir Horn


    Full Text Available A package to generate the symbolic dynamic equations describing the relation between forces and movements for serial mechanical linkages with rigid constituents is presented. The relative movement between the rigid parts is assumed to be either a rotation about an axis or a translation along an axis. Two algorithms are implemented, a Lagrange-Euler method and a Newton-Euler method. The former can be used to solve both the inverse and the forward dynamics problems, while the latter requires fewer arithmetical operations but only allows solution of the inverse dynamics problem. Two test examples are presented, the double pendulum and the modified Stanford manipulator.

  18. The fossil record of phenotypic integration and modularity: A deep-time perspective on developmental and evolutionary dynamics. (United States)

    Goswami, Anjali; Binder, Wendy J; Meachen, Julie; O'Keefe, F Robin


    Variation is the raw material for natural selection, but the factors shaping variation are still poorly understood. Genetic and developmental interactions can direct variation, but there has been little synthesis of these effects with the extrinsic factors that can shape biodiversity over large scales. The study of phenotypic integration and modularity has the capacity to unify these aspects of evolutionary study by estimating genetic and developmental interactions through the quantitative analysis of morphology, allowing for combined assessment of intrinsic and extrinsic effects. Data from the fossil record in particular are central to our understanding of phenotypic integration and modularity because they provide the only information on deep-time developmental and evolutionary dynamics, including trends in trait relationships and their role in shaping organismal diversity. Here, we demonstrate the important perspective on phenotypic integration provided by the fossil record with a study of Smilodon fatalis (saber-toothed cats) and Canis dirus (dire wolves). We quantified temporal trends in size, variance, phenotypic integration, and direct developmental integration (fluctuating asymmetry) through 27,000 y of Late Pleistocene climate change. Both S. fatalis and C. dirus showed a gradual decrease in magnitude of phenotypic integration and an increase in variance and the correlation between fluctuating asymmetry and overall integration through time, suggesting that developmental integration mediated morphological response to environmental change in the later populations of these species. These results are consistent with experimental studies and represent, to our knowledge, the first deep-time validation of the importance of developmental integration in stabilizing morphological evolution through periods of environmental change.

  19. Operationally Efficient Propulsion System Study (OEPSS) Data Book. Volume 8; Integrated Booster Propulsion Module (BPM) Engine Start Dynamics (United States)

    Kemp, Victoria R.


    A fluid-dynamic, digital-transient computer model of an integrated, parallel propulsion system was developed for the CDC mainframe and the SUN workstation computers. Since all STME component designs were used for the integrated system, computer subroutines were written characterizing the performance and geometry of all the components used in the system, including the manifolds. Three transient analysis reports were completed. The first report evaluated the feasibility of integrated engine systems in regards to the start and cutoff transient behavior. The second report evaluated turbopump out and combined thrust chamber/turbopump out conditions. The third report presented sensitivity study results in staggered gas generator spin start and in pump performance characteristics.

  20. Space-geodetic estimation of the nazca-south america euler vector (United States)

    Angermann, D.; Klotz, J.; Reigber, C.


    GPS data from four sites in the Nazca Plate (Easter Island, Galapagos, Robinson Crusoe and San Felix Islands) and from five sites in the stable core of the South American Plate enabled us to estimate the Euler vector of the Nazca Plate with respect to South America. The observed velocities of Easter Island (6.6 cm/yr at 102.3°), Galapagos (5.1 cm/yr at 90.0°), Robinson Crusoe (6.6 cm/yr at 80.1°) and San Felix (6.0 cm/yr at 82.1°) are significantly slower than the global plate model NUVEL-1A velocites for those four sites. Our estimated Euler pole is located at 48.8°N, 91.7°W with a rate of 0.59°/m.y. The NUVEL-1A and earlier space-geodetic studies give rotation rates that are 20% faster.

  1. Euler technology assessment for preliminary aircraft design employing OVERFLOW code with multiblock structured-grid method (United States)

    Treiber, David A.; Muilenburg, Dennis A.


    The viability of applying a state-of-the-art Euler code to calculate the aerodynamic forces and moments through maximum lift coefficient for a generic sharp-edge configuration is assessed. The OVERFLOW code, a method employing overset (Chimera) grids, was used to conduct mesh refinement studies, a wind-tunnel wall sensitivity study, and a 22-run computational matrix of flow conditions, including sideslip runs and geometry variations. The subject configuration was a generic wing-body-tail geometry with chined forebody, swept wing leading-edge, and deflected part-span leading-edge flap. The analysis showed that the Euler method is adequate for capturing some of the non-linear aerodynamic effects resulting from leading-edge and forebody vortices produced at high angle-of-attack through C(sub Lmax). Computed forces and moments, as well as surface pressures, match well enough useful preliminary design information to be extracted. Vortex burst effects and vortex interactions with the configuration are also investigated.

  2. De la representación de sistemas Euler - Lagrange a la Hamiltoniana generalizada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. H. Rodríguez - Alfaro


    Full Text Available La representación Hamiltoniana generalizada de sistemas brinda una estructura que puede ser utilizada con ventaja en muchas áreas, entre las cuales se puede mencionar el diseño de observadores y el diagnóstico de fallas basado en modelos. Muchos de los trabajos en estos te mas tienen como punto de partida al sistema en forma Hamiltoniana generalizada y, en general, se omite la explicación de cómo llegar a esta representación, por ejemplo, a partir de un modelo no lineal basado en las ecuaciones de Euler - Lagrange. En este tra bajo se presenta un análisis detallado de cómo es que se obtiene la representación Hamiltoniana generalizada de un sistema a partir de las n ecuaciones diferenciales de segundo orden obtenidas con el formalismo Euler - Lagrange. Con la finalidad de mostrar e n lo particular, después del caso general, cómo se obtiene la representación Hamiltoniana generalizada, se presentan algunos casos de estudio.

  3. Verification of Euler/Navier-Stokes codes using the method of manufactured solutions (United States)

    Roy, C. J.; Nelson, C. C.; Smith, T. M.; Ober, C. C.


    The method of manufactured solutions is used to verify the order of accuracy of two finite-volume Euler and Navier-Stokes codes. The Premo code employs a node-centred approach using unstructured meshes, while the Wind code employs a similar scheme on structured meshes. Both codes use Roe's upwind method with MUSCL extrapolation for the convective terms and central differences for the diffusion terms, thus yielding a numerical scheme that is formally second-order accurate. The method of manufactured solutions is employed to generate exact solutions to the governing Euler and Navier-Stokes equations in two dimensions along with additional source terms. These exact solutions are then used to accurately evaluate the discretization error in the numerical solutions. Through global discretization error analyses, the spatial order of accuracy is observed to be second order for both codes, thus giving a high degree of confidence that the two codes are free from coding mistakes in the options exercised. Examples of coding mistakes discovered using the method are also given.

  4. Characteristics-Based Methods for Efficient Parallel Integration of the Atmospheric Dynamical Equations (United States)

    Norman, Matthew Ross

    The social need for realistic atmospheric simulation in weather prediction, climate change attribution, seasonal forecasting, and climate projection is great. To obtain realistic simulations, we need more physical processes included in the model with greater fidelity and finer spatial resolution. Spatial resolution primarily drives the need for computational resources because reducing the model grid spacing by a factor f requires f 4 times more computation (assuming 3-D refinement). This compute power comes from large parallel machines with 10,000s of separate nodes and accelerators such as graphics processing units (GPUs) making efficiency a complicated problem. Efficiency parallel integration algorithms need low internode communication, minimal synchronization, large time steps, and clustered computation. To this end, we propose new characteristics-based methods for the atmospheric dynamical equations with these properties in mind. These schemes are capable of simulating at a large CFL time step in only one stage of computations, needing only one copy of the state variables. They are implemented in a 2-D non-hydrostatic compressible equation set in an x-z (horizontal-vertical) Cartesian plane to simulate buoyancy-driven flows such as rising thermals and internal gravity waves. The schemes are implemented to run on CPU and multi-GPU architectures using Nvidia's CUDA (Compute Unified Device Architecture) language to test relative efficiency. Even with- out memory tuning, the GPU code showed roughly 2.5x (5x) better performance per Watt. With optimization, this could increase by an order of magnitude. The methods can use any spatial interpolant, so two major formulations are proposed and tested. One uses WENO interpolants which are pre-computed, and the other uses standard polynomials and computes them on-the-fly. The advantage of on-the-fly calculations is a significant reduction in the volume of data communicated to and from the GPU's slow global memory. In some

  5. Integrating Legacy Data to Understand Agroecosystem Regional Dynamics to Catastrophic Events (United States)

    Peters, D. P. C.; Burruss, N. D.; Yao, J.; Okin, G.; Hatfield, J.; Scroggs, S. L. P.; Monger, H. C.; Havstad, K.


    Multi-year extreme drought events are part of the history of the Earth system. Legacy data on the climate drivers, geomorphic features, and agroecosystem responses across a dynamically changing landscape throughout a region can provide important insights to a future where large-scale catastrophic events may occur more frequently. One of the most devastating multi-year droughts occurred in the central grasslands region of North America in the 1930s. This regional-scale climatic event combined with land management practices to result in broad-scale plant mortality and massive dust storms that impacted the entire continent. However, not all areas were affected similarly, even across relatively short distances with similar climate, soils, and land management. Spatial discontinuities in impacts occurred across a 100-km transition from high plant mortality and high rates of soil erosion in eastern Nebraska to areas in western Iowa with reductions in grass cover and biomass, but low rates of plant mortality and erosion. Because this time period preceded modern agriculture and the extensive tillage of native tallgrass prairie, the landscape was composed of both native prairie grassland and cropland. Responses were compared during the drought to responses for the same region in the 1920s (pre-drought) and the 1940s (post-drought). A large number of legacy datasets from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and other sources were spatially integrated to test two hypotheses: (1) local factors of climate and soil properties explained agroecosystem responses in the pre- and post-drought periods, (2) local factors were insufficient to explain agroecosystem responses during the multi-year drought. Analyses supported these hypotheses and found that landscape features, such as large alluvial plains that reduced connectivity by sand and deposition by wind, were more important than local factors to explain different responses along the gradient during the drought. Similar results were

  6. The economic and environmental value of genetic improvements in fattening pigs: An integrated dynamic model approach. (United States)

    Niemi, J K; Sevón-Aimonen, M-L; Stygar, A H; Partanen, K


    The selection of animals for improved performance affects the profitability of pig fattening and has environmental consequences. The goal of this paper was to examine how changes in genetic and market parameters impact the biophysical (feeding patterns, timing of slaughter, nitrogen excretion) and economic (return per pig space unit) results describing pig fattening in a Finnish farm. The analysis can be viewed as focusing on terminal line breeding goals. An integrated model using recursive stochastic dynamic programming and a biological pig growth model was used to estimate biophysical results and economic values. Combining these models allowed us to provide more accurate estimates for the value of genetic improvement and, thus, provide better feedback to animal breeding programs than the traditional approach, which is based on fixed management patterns. Besides the benchmark scenario, the results were simulated for 5 other scenarios. In each scenario, genotype was improved regarding daily growth potential, carcass lean meat content, or the parameters of the Gompertz growth curve (maturing rate [], adult weight of protein [α], and adult weight of lipid mass []). The change in each parameter was equal to approximately 1 SD genetic improvement (ceteris paribus). Increasing , , daily growth potential, or carcass lean meat content increased the return on pig space unit by €12.60, €7.60, €4.10, or €2.90 per year, respectively, whereas an increase in decreased the return by €3.10. The genetic improvement in and resulted in the highest decrease in nitrogen excretion calculated in total or per kilogram of carcass gain but only under the optimal feeding pattern. Simulated changes in the Gompertz growth function parameters imply greater changes in ADG and lean meat content than changes in scenarios focusing on improving ADG and lean meat content directly. The economic value of genetic improvements as well as the quantity of nitrogen excreted during the fattening

  7. Variable Order Fractional Variational Calculus for Double Integrals


    Odzijewicz, Tatiana; Malinowska, Agnieszka B.; Torres, Delfim F. M.


    We introduce three types of partial fractional operators of variable order. An integration by parts formula for partial fractional integrals of variable order and an extension of Green's theorem are proved. These results allow us to obtain a fractional Euler-Lagrange necessary optimality condition for variable order two-dimensional fractional variational problems.

  8. Incorporating systems dynamics and spatial heterogeneity in integrated assessment of agricultural production systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Antle, J.M.; Stoorvogel, J.J.


    Agricultural systems are complex and dynamic, being made up of interacting bio-physical and human sub-systems. Moreover, agricultural systems are remarkably diverse, both within geographic regions and across regions. Accordingly, this paper focuses on dynamics and heterogeneity in coupled,

  9. Solving Algebraic Riccati Equation Real Time for Integrated Vehicle Dynamics Control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kunnappillil Madhusudhanan, A; Corno, M.; Bonsen, B.; Holweg, E.


    In this paper we present a comparison study of different computational methods to implement State Dependent Riccati Equation (SDRE) based control in real time for a vehicle dynamics control application. Vehicles are mechatronic systems with nonlinear dynamics. One of the promising nonlinear control

  10. Five transiting hot Jupiters discovered using WASP-South, Euler, and TRAPPIST: WASP-119 b, WASP-124 b, WASP-126 b, WASP-129 b, and WASP-133 b (United States)

    Maxted, P. F. L.; Anderson, D. R.; Collier Cameron, A.; Delrez, L.; Gillon, M.; Hellier, C.; Jehin, E.; Lendl, M.; Neveu-VanMalle, M.; Pepe, F.; Pollacco, D.; Queloz, D.; Ségransan, D.; Smalley, B.; Smith, A. M. S.; Southworth, J.; Triaud, A. H. M. J.; Udry, S.; Wagg, T.; West, R. G.


    We have used photometry from the WASP-South instrument to identify 5 stars showing planet-like transits in their light curves. The planetary nature of the companions to these stars has been confirmed using photometry from the EulerCam instrument on the Swiss Euler 1.2-m telescope and the TRAPPIST telescope, and spectroscopy obtained with the CORALIE spectrograph. The planets discovered are hot Jupiter systems with orbital periods in the range 2.17 to 5.75 days, masses from 0.3 MJup to 1.2 MJup and with radii from 1 RJup to 1.5 RJup. These planets orbit bright stars (V = 11-13) with spectral types in the range F9 to G4. WASP-126 is the brightest planetary system in this sample and hosts a low-mass planet with a large radius (0.3 MJup,0.95 RJup), making it a good target for transmission spectroscopy. The high density of WASP-129 A suggests that it is a helium-rich star similar to HAT-P-11 A. WASP-133 A has an enhanced surface lithium abundance compared to other old G-type stars, particularly other planet host stars. These planetary systems are good targets for follow-up observations with ground-based and space-based facilities to study their atmospheric and dynamical properties. Full Tables 2 and 3 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to ( or via

  11. Non-relativistic limits of rarefaction wave to the 1-D piston problem for the isentropic relativistic Euler equations (United States)

    Ding, Min; Li, Yachun


    We consider the 1-D piston problem for the isentropic relativistic Euler equations when the total variations of the initial data and the speed of the piston are both sufficiently small. By a modified wave front tracking method, we establish the global existence of entropy solutions including a strong rarefaction wave without restriction on the strength. Meanwhile, we study the convergence of the entropy solutions to the corresponding entropy solutions of the classical non-relativistic isentropic Euler equations as the light speed c →+∞ .

  12. Dynamics modeling and simulation of flexible airships (United States)

    Li, Yuwen

    The resurgence of airships has created a need for dynamics models and simulation capabilities of these lighter-than-air vehicles. The focus of this thesis is a theoretical framework that integrates the flight dynamics, structural dynamics, aerostatics and aerodynamics of flexible airships. The study begins with a dynamics model based on a rigid-body assumption. A comprehensive computation of aerodynamic effects is presented, where the aerodynamic forces and moments are categorized into various terms based on different physical effects. A series of prediction approaches for different aerodynamic effects are unified and applied to airships. The numerical results of aerodynamic derivatives and the simulated responses to control surface deflection inputs are verified by comparing to existing wind-tunnel and flight test data. With the validated aerodynamics and rigid-body modeling, the equations of motion of an elastic airship are derived by the Lagrangian formulation. The airship is modeled as a free-free Euler-Bernoulli beam and the bending deformations are represented by shape functions chosen as the free-free normal modes. In order to capture the coupling between the aerodynamic forces and the structural elasticity, local velocity on the deformed vehicle is used in the computation of aerodynamic forces. Finally, with the inertial, gravity, aerostatic and control forces incorporated, the dynamics model of a flexible airship is represented by a single set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The proposed model is implemented as a dynamics simulation program to analyze the dynamics characteristics of the Skyship-500 airship. Simulation results are presented to demonstrate the influence of structural deformation on the aerodynamic forces and the dynamics behavior of the airship. The nonlinear equations of motion are linearized numerically for the purpose of frequency domain analysis and for aeroelastic stability analysis. The results from the latter for the

  13. Integrated modeling of long-term vegetation and hydrologic dynamics in Rocky Mountain watersheds (United States)

    Robert Steven Ahl


    Changes in forest structure resulting from natural disturbances, or managed treatments, can have negative and long lasting impacts on water resources. To facilitate integrated management of forest and water resources, a System for Long-Term Integrated Management Modeling (SLIMM) was developed. By combining two spatially explicit, continuous time models, vegetation...

  14. A direct algorithm to compute the topological Euler characteristic and Chern–Schwartz–MacPherson class of projective complete intersection varieties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helmer, Martin


    the Chern–Schwartz–MacPherson class and Euler characteristic of V. This algorithm complements existing algorithms by providing performance improvements in the computation of the Chern–Schwartz–MacPherson class and Euler characteristic for certain types of complete intersection subschemes of Pn....

  15. Book Review: Jandl, Thomas, Vietnam in the Global Economy – The Dy-namics of Integration, Decentralization and Contested Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Fforde


    Full Text Available Book Review of the Monograph: Thomas Jandl (2013, Vietnam in the Global Economy – The Dynamics of Integration, Decentralization and Contested Politics. Plymouth: Lexington Books, ISBN 978-0-7391-7786-0, 312 pages

  16. Geometric Structure of the Classical Lagrange-d’Alambert Principle and Its Application to Integrable Nonlinear Dynamical Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatolij K. Prykarpatski


    Full Text Available The classical Lagrange-d’Alembert principle had a decisive influence on formation of modern analytical mechanics which culminated in modern Hamilton and Poisson mechanics. Being mainly interested in the geometric interpretation of this principle, we devoted our review to its deep relationships to modern Lie-algebraic aspects of the integrability theory of nonlinear heavenly type dynamical systems and its so called Lax-Sato counterpart. We have also analyzed old and recent investigations of the classical M. A. Buhl problem of describing compatible linear vector field equations, its general M.G. Pfeiffer and modern Lax-Sato type special solutions. Especially we analyzed the related Lie-algebraic structures and integrability properties of a very interesting class of nonlinear dynamical systems called the dispersionless heavenly type equations, which were initiated by Plebański and later analyzed in a series of articles. As effective tools the AKS-algebraic and related R -structure schemes are used to study the orbits of the corresponding co-adjoint actions, which are intimately related to the classical Lie-Poisson structures on them. It is demonstrated that their compatibility condition coincides with the corresponding heavenly type equations under consideration. It is also shown that all these equations originate in this way and can be represented as a Lax-Sato compatibility condition for specially constructed loop vector fields on the torus. Typical examples of such heavenly type equations, demonstrating in detail their integrability via the scheme devised herein, are presented.

  17. Integrating association data and disease dynamics: an illustration using African Buffalo in Kruger National Park (United States)

    Cross, Paul C.; James O, Lloyd-Smith; Bowers, Justin A.; Hay, Craig T.; Hofmeyr, Markus; Getz, Wayne M.


    Recognition is a prerequisite for non-random association amongst individuals. We explore how non-random association patterns (i.e. who spends time with whom) affect disease dynamics. We estimated the amount of time individuals spent together per month using radio-tracking data from African buffalo and incorporated these data into a dynamic social network model. The dynamic nature of the network has a strong influence on simulated disease dynamics particularly for diseases with shorter infectious periods. Cluster analyses of the association data demonstrated that buffalo herds were not as well defined as previously thought. Associations were more tightly clustered in 2002 than 2003, perhaps due to drier conditions in 2003. As a result, diseases may spread faster during drought conditions due to increased population mixing. Association data are often collected but this is the first use of empirical data in a network disease model in a wildlife population.

  18. Nuclear power history calculation for subcritical systems using Euler-MacLaurin formula; Calculo do historico de potencia nuclear para sistemas subcriticos utilizando a formula de Euler-MacLaurin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henrice Junior, Edson; Goncalves, Alessandro da Cruz, E-mail:, E-mail: [Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia (COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Departamento de Engenharia Nuclear; Palma, Daniel Arthur Pinheiro, E-mail: [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nucleara (CNEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)


    This paper presents an efficient method for calculating the reactivity using inverse point kinetic equation for subcritical systems by applying the Euler-MacLaurin summation formula to calculate the nuclear power history. In accordance with the accuracy of the numerical results, this method does not require a large number of points for calculation, providing accurate results with low computational cost. (author)

  19. Developing Dynamic Reference Models and a Decision Support Framework for Southeastern Ecosystems: An Integrated Approach (United States)


    in the context of a dynamic target. The reference sites in this study became more species rich, achieved greater abundance of understory plants , and...relationship between habitat dynamics and RCW population demography is a critical need in meeting that challenge. This requires not only that...reference plots increased following fuel reduction fires. c. Plant species densities, soil and litter arthropods, and soil chemistry contributed

  20. Dynamic Assessment of COTS Converters-based DC Integrated Power Systems in Electric Ships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Francés, Airán; Anvari-Moghaddam, Amjad; Diaz, Enrique Rodriguez


    Maritime applications have found in the integration of the electric power system a way to further improve efficiency and reduce the weight of new electric ships. This movement has led scientists to integrate smart management systems to optimize the overall behavior of the grid. In this context......, power electronics play a key role in linking the different elements of the power architecture. Moreover, the transition towards a dc distribution, which has already been established in other applications, is being regarded as a promising alternative to ease the integration of renewable sources...

  1. Explicit Time Integrators for Nonlinear Dynamics Derived from the Midpoint Rule

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Krysl


    Full Text Available We address the design of time integrators for mechanical systems that are explicit in the forcing evaluations. Our starting point is the midpoint rule, either in the classical form for the vector space setting, or in the Lie form for the rotation group. By introducing discrete, concentrated impulses we can approximate the forcing impressed upon the system over the time step, and thus arrive at first-order integrators. These can then be composed to yield a second order integrator with very desirable properties: symplecticity and momentum conservation. 

  2. Dynamic modeling, experimental evaluation, optimal design and control of integrated fuel cell system and hybrid energy systems for building demands (United States)

    Nguyen, Gia Luong Huu

    Fuel cells can produce electricity with high efficiency, low pollutants, and low noise. With the advent of fuel cell technologies, fuel cell systems have since been demonstrated as reliable power generators with power outputs from a few watts to a few megawatts. With proper equipment, fuel cell systems can produce heating and cooling, thus increased its overall efficiency. To increase the acceptance from electrical utilities and building owners, fuel cell systems must operate more dynamically and integrate well with renewable energy resources. This research studies the dynamic performance of fuel cells and the integration of fuel cells with other equipment in three levels: (i) the fuel cell stack operating on hydrogen and reformate gases, (ii) the fuel cell system consisting of a fuel reformer, a fuel cell stack, and a heat recovery unit, and (iii) the hybrid energy system consisting of photovoltaic panels, fuel cell system, and energy storage. In the first part, this research studied the steady-state and dynamic performance of a high temperature PEM fuel cell stack. Collaborators at Aalborg University (Aalborg, Denmark) conducted experiments on a high temperature PEM fuel cell short stack at steady-state and transients. Along with the experimental activities, this research developed a first-principles dynamic model of a fuel cell stack. The dynamic model developed in this research was compared to the experimental results when operating on different reformate concentrations. Finally, the dynamic performance of the fuel cell stack for a rapid increase and rapid decrease in power was evaluated. The dynamic model well predicted the performance of the well-performing cells in the experimental fuel cell stack. The second part of the research studied the dynamic response of a high temperature PEM fuel cell system consisting of a fuel reformer, a fuel cell stack, and a heat recovery unit with high thermal integration. After verifying the model performance with the

  3. A System Dynamics Model for Integrated Decision Making: The Durham-Orange Light Rail Project (United States)

    EPA’s Sustainable and Healthy Communities Research Program (SHC) is conducting transdisciplinary research to inform and empower decision-makers. EPA tools and approaches are being developed to enable communities to effectively weigh and integrate human health, socioeconomic, envi...

  4. Enterprise Human Resources Integration-Statistical Data Mart (EHRI-SDM) Dynamics Data (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The Enterprise Human Resources Integration-Statistical Data Mart (EHRI-SDM) is a statistically cleansed sub-set of the data contained in the EHRI data warehouse. It...

  5. Dynamic Airspace Concepts for Integration of UAS into the NAS Project (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — To address these critical needs associated with the integration of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the airspace, we propose to conduct research on the...

  6. Fractional-order leaky integrate-and-fire model with long-term memory and power law dynamics. (United States)

    Teka, Wondimu W; Upadhyay, Ranjit Kumar; Mondal, Argha


    Pyramidal neurons produce different spiking patterns to process information, communicate with each other and transform information. These spiking patterns have complex and multiple time scale dynamics that have been described with the fractional-order leaky integrate-and-Fire (FLIF) model. Models with fractional (non-integer) order differentiation that generalize power law dynamics can be used to describe complex temporal voltage dynamics. The main characteristic of FLIF model is that it depends on all past values of the voltage that causes long-term memory. The model produces spikes with high interspike interval variability and displays several spiking properties such as upward spike-frequency adaptation and long spike latency in response to a constant stimulus. We show that the subthreshold voltage and the firing rate of the fractional-order model make transitions from exponential to power law dynamics when the fractional order α decreases from 1 to smaller values. The firing rate displays different types of spike timing adaptation caused by changes on initial values. We also show that the voltage-memory trace and fractional coefficient are the causes of these different types of spiking properties. The voltage-memory trace that represents the long-term memory has a feedback regulatory mechanism and affects spiking activity. The results suggest that fractional-order models might be appropriate for understanding multiple time scale neuronal dynamics. Overall, a neuron with fractional dynamics displays history dependent activities that might be very useful and powerful for effective information processing. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Exact solutions for the static bending of Euler-Bernoulli beams using Eringen’s two-phase local/nonlocal model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Y. B. [Department of Mathematics, ShaoXing University, No.900, ChengNan Avenue 312000, ShaoXing, Zhejiang (China); Zhu, X. W., E-mail: [School of Statistics and Mathematics, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073 (China); Dai, H. H. [Department of Mathematics, City University of HongKong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong (China)


    Though widely used in modelling nano- and micro- structures, Eringen’s differential model shows some inconsistencies and recent study has demonstrated its differences between the integral model, which then implies the necessity of using the latter model. In this paper, an analytical study is taken to analyze static bending of nonlocal Euler-Bernoulli beams using Eringen’s two-phase local/nonlocal model. Firstly, a reduction method is proved rigorously, with which the integral equation in consideration can be reduced to a differential equation with mixed boundary value conditions. Then, the static bending problem is formulated and four types of boundary conditions with various loadings are considered. By solving the corresponding differential equations, exact solutions are obtained explicitly in all of the cases, especially for the paradoxical cantilever beam problem. Finally, asymptotic analysis of the exact solutions reveals clearly that, unlike the differential model, the integral model adopted herein has a consistent softening effect. Comparisons are also made with existing analytical and numerical results, which further shows the advantages of the analytical results obtained. Additionally, it seems that the once controversial nonlocal bar problem in the literature is well resolved by the reduction method.

  8. Dynamic optimization approach for integrated supplier selection and tracking control of single product inventory system with product discount (United States)

    Sutrisno; Widowati; Heru Tjahjana, R.


    In this paper, we propose a mathematical model in the form of dynamic/multi-stage optimization to solve an integrated supplier selection problem and tracking control problem of single product inventory system with product discount. The product discount will be stated as a piece-wise linear function. We use dynamic programming to solve this proposed optimization to determine the optimal supplier and the optimal product volume that will be purchased from the optimal supplier for each time period so that the inventory level tracks a reference trajectory given by decision maker with minimal total cost. We give a numerical experiment to evaluate the proposed model. From the result, the optimal supplier was determined for each time period and the inventory level follows the given reference well.

  9. Non-Parametric Integral Estimation Using Data Clustering in Stochastic dynamic Programming: An Introduction Using Lifetime Financial Modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaurav Khemka


    Full Text Available This paper considers an alternative way of structuring stochastic variables in a dynamic programming framework where the model structure dictates that numerical methods of solution are necessary. Rather than estimating integrals within a Bellman equation using quadrature nodes, we use nodes directly from the underlying data. An example of the application of this approach is presented using individual lifetime financial modelling. The results show that data-driven methods lead to the least losses in result accuracy compared to quadrature and Quasi-Monte Carlo approaches, using historical data as a base. These results hold for both a single stochastic variable and multiple stochastic variables. The results are significant for improving the computational accuracy of lifetime financial models and other models that employ stochastic dynamic programming.

  10. Conformational changes and slow dynamics through microsecond polarized atomistic molecular simulation of an integral Kv1.2 ion channel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjelkmar, Pär; Niemelä, Perttu S; Vattulainen, Ilpo


    transitions occur in membrane proteins-not to mention numerous applications in drug design. Here, we present a full 1 micros atomic-detail molecular dynamics simulation of an integral Kv1.2 ion channel, comprising 120,000 atoms. By applying 0.052 V/nm of hyperpolarization, we observe structural rearrangements......Structure and dynamics of voltage-gated ion channels, in particular the motion of the S4 helix, is a highly interesting and hotly debated topic in current membrane protein research. It has critical implications for insertion and stabilization of membrane proteins as well as for finding how...... and significant thinning of the membrane also observed in experiments, this provides additional support for the predictive power of microsecond-scale membrane protein simulations....

  11. Influence of visual control, conduction, and central integration on static and dynamic balance in healthy older adults. (United States)

    Perrin, P P; Jeandel, C; Perrin, C A; Béné, M C


    Aging is associated with decreased balance abilities, resulting in an increased risk of fall. In order to appreciate the visual, somatosensory, and central signals involved in balance control, sophisticated methods of posturography assessment have been developed, using static and dynamic tests, eventually associated with electromyographic measurements. We applied such methods to a population of healthy older adults in order to appreciate the respective importance of each of these sensorial inputs in aging individuals. Posture control parameters were recorded on a force-measuring platform in 41 healthy young (age 28.5 +/- 5.9 years) and 50 older (age 69.8 +/- 5.9 years) adults, using a static test and two dynamic tests performed by all individuals first with eyes open, then with eyes closed. The distance covered by the center of foot pressure, sway area, and anteroposterior oscillations were significantly higher, with eyes open or closed, in older people than in young subjects. Significant differences were noted in dynamic tests with longer latency responses in the group of old people. Dynamic recordings in a sinusoidal test had a more regular pattern when performed eyes open in both groups and evidenced significantly greater instability in old people. These data suggest that vision remains important in maintaining postural control while conduction and central integration become less efficient with age.

  12. Integrating Dynamic Data and Sensors with Semantic 3D City Models in the Context of Smart Cities (United States)

    Chaturvedi, K.; Kolbe, T. H.


    Smart cities provide effective integration of human, physical and digital systems operating in the built environment. The advancements in city and landscape models, sensor web technologies, and simulation methods play a significant role in city analyses and improving quality of life of citizens and governance of cities. Semantic 3D city models can provide substantial benefits and can become a central information backbone for smart city infrastructures. However, current generation semantic 3D city models are static in nature and do not support dynamic properties and sensor observations. In this paper, we propose a new concept called Dynamizer allowing to represent highly dynamic data and providing a method for injecting dynamic variations of city object properties into the static representation. The approach also provides direct capability to model complex patterns based on statistics and general rules and also, real-time sensor observations. The concept is implemented as an Application Domain Extension for the CityGML standard. However, it could also be applied to other GML-based application schemas including the European INSPIRE data themes and national standards for topography and cadasters like the British Ordnance Survey Mastermap or the German cadaster standard ALKIS.

  13. Generalized Heisenberg-Euler formula in Abelian gauge theory with parity violation (United States)

    Yamashita, Kimiko; Fan, Xing; Kamioka, Shusei; Asai, Shoji; Sugamoto, Akio


    A generalized Heisenberg-Euler formula is given for an Abelian gauge theory having vector as well as axial vector couplings to a massive fermion. So, the formula is applicable to a parity-violating theory. The gauge group is chosen to be U(1). The formula is quite similar to that in quantum electrodynamics, but there is a complexity in which one factor (related to spin) is expressed in terms of the expectation value. The expectation value is evaluated by the contraction with the one-dimensional propagator in a given background field. The formula affords a basis to the vacuum magnetic birefringence experiment, which aims to probe the dark sector, where the interactions of the light fermions with the gauge fields are not necessarily parity conserving.

  14. Decay estimates of solutions to the bipolar non-isentropic compressible Euler-Maxwell system (United States)

    Tan, Zhong; Wang, Yong; Tong, Leilei


    We consider the global existence and large time behavior of solutions near a constant equilibrium state to the bipolar non-isentropic compressible Euler-Maxwell system in {R}3 , where the background magnetic field could be non-zero. The global existence is established under the assumption that the H 3 norm of the initial data is small, but its higher order derivatives could be large. Combining the negative Sobolev (or Besov) estimates with the interpolation estimates, we prove the optimal time decay rates of the solution and its higher order spatial derivatives. In this sense, our results improve the similar ones in Wang et al (2012 SIAM J. Math. Anal. 44 3429-57).

  15. A 3D finite element multigrid solver for the Euler equations (United States)

    Peraire, J.; Peiro, J.; Morgan, K.


    A low storage, computationally efficient algorithm for the solution of the compressible Euler equations on unstructured tetrahedral meshes is developed. The algorithm takes the form of a centered scheme with the explicit addition of a high accuracy artificial viscosity and the solution is advanced to steady state by means of a multistage timestepping method. The side-based data structure which is employed enables a clear connection to be established between the proposed algorithm and upwind cell vertex schemes for unstructured meshes. The computational efficiency of the procedure is improved by incorporating an unstructured multigrid acceleration procedure. A number of flows of practical interest are analyzed to demonstrate the numerical performance of the proposed approach.

  16. An assessment of the adaptive unstructured tetrahedral grid, Euler Flow Solver Code FELISA (United States)

    Djomehri, M. Jahed; Erickson, Larry L.


    A three-dimensional solution-adaptive Euler flow solver for unstructured tetrahedral meshes is assessed, and the accuracy and efficiency of the method for predicting sonic boom pressure signatures about simple generic models are demonstrated. Comparison of computational and wind tunnel data and enhancement of numerical solutions by means of grid adaptivity are discussed. The mesh generation is based on the advancing front technique. The FELISA code consists of two solvers, the Taylor-Galerkin and the Runge-Kutta-Galerkin schemes, both of which are spacially discretized by the usual Galerkin weighted residual finite-element methods but with different explicit time-marching schemes to steady state. The solution-adaptive grid procedure is based on either remeshing or mesh refinement techniques. An alternative geometry adaptive procedure is also incorporated.

  17. Free Vibration and Stability of Axially Functionally Graded Tapered Euler-Bernoulli Beams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Shahba


    Full Text Available Structural analysis of axially functionally graded tapered Euler-Bernoulli beams is studied using finite element method. A beam element is proposed which takes advantage of the shape functions of homogeneous uniform beam elements. The effects of varying cross-sectional dimensions and mechanical properties of the functionally graded material are included in the evaluation of structural matrices. This method could be used for beam elements with any distributions of mass density and modulus of elasticity with arbitrarily varying cross-sectional area. Assuming polynomial distributions of modulus of elasticity and mass density, the competency of the element is examined in stability analysis, free longitudinal vibration and free transverse vibration of double tapered beams with different boundary conditions and the convergence rate of the element is then investigated.

  18. A Class of Wavelet-Based Rayleigh-Euler Beam Element for Analyzing Rotating Shafts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiawei Xiang


    Full Text Available A class of wavelet-based Rayleigh-Euler rotating beam element using B-spline wavelets on the interval (BSWI is developed to analyze rotor-bearing system. The effects of translational and rotary inertia, torsion moment, axial displacement, cross-coupled stiffness and damping coefficients of bearings, hysteric and viscous internal damping, gyroscopic moments and bending deformation of the system are included in the computational model. In order to get a generalized formulation of wavelet-based element, each boundary node is collocated six degrees of freedom (DOFs: three translations and three rotations; whereas, each inner node has only three translations. Typical numerical examples are presented to show the accuracy and efficiency of the presented method.

  19. Distributed parallel processing applied to an implicit multigrid Euler/Navier-Stokes algorithm (United States)

    Tysinger, T. L.; Caughey, D. A.


    An implicit multigrid algorithm for the solution of the Euler and Navier-Stokes equations has been implemented within the framework of multiple block-structured grids in which the physical domain is spatially decomposed into several blocks and the solution is advanced in parallel on each block. Utilities have been developed to implement such a scheme in a distributed computing environment. The multi-block algorithm is designed so that the explicit residual calculation is identical to that of single-block scheme, and therefore converged solutions for both schemes must be the same. To accelerate convergence, synchronous and asynchronous multigrid strategies are implemented. Significant speedups have been achieved in a multiple processor environment, while convergence rates similar to those of the single-block scheme are observed.

  20. Potential-field sounding using Euler's homogeneity equation and Zidarov bubbling (United States)

    Cordell, Lindrith


    Potential-field (gravity) data are transformed into a physical-property (density) distribution in a lower half-space, constrained solely by assumed upper bounds on physical-property contrast and data error. A two-step process is involved. The data are first transformed to an equivalent set of line (2-D case) or point (3-D case) sources, using Euler's homogeneity equation evaluated iteratively on the largest residual data value. Then, mass is converted to a volume-density product, constrained to an upper density bound, by 'bubbling,' which exploits circular or radial expansion to redistribute density without changing the associated gravity field. The method can be developed for gravity or magnetic data in two or three dimensions. The results can provide a beginning for interpretation of potential-field data where few independent constraints exist, or more likely, can be used to develop models and confirm or extend interpretation of other geophysical data sets.