Sample records for eugenics

  1. [Eugenics and marriage]. (United States)

    Castañeda, Luzia Aurelia


    This analysis of some eugenic strategies for "improving the race" through the control of marriages explores Victorian England's concern with matrimony as expressed in the works of Thomas Malthus, who was interested in population growth, and of Francis Galton, who proposed that eugenics be used as a science to "improve" the innate qualities of the race. The article also discusses how this matrimonial means of control was expressed within the Brazilian eugenics movement and how it influenced the drafting of the Brazilian Civil Code.

  2. Medical Genetics Is Not Eugenics (United States)

    Cowan, Ruth Schwartz


    The connection that critics make between medical genetics and eugenics is historically fallacious. Activists on the political right are as mistaken as activists on the political left: Genetic screening was not eugenics in the past, is not eugenics in the present, and, unless its technological systems become radically transformed, will not be…

  3. Eugene Filmore Stoermer (United States)

    The St. Lawrence Great Lakes has lost a champion and prominent researcher with the passing of Eugene F. Stoermer, during the early winter of 2012, after a two-year battle with esophageal cancer. Indeed the international community of diatom and algal research has lost a scholar i...

  4. [Eugenics: morality or pragmatism]. (United States)

    Gómez Fröde, Carina


    The subject of eugenics is as old as humanity itself, but since World War II it has been related almost automatically with the policies and practices implemented by the National Socialist regime. This happened despite the fact that these despicable practices were inspired by legislation in place in the United Sates since the 19th century and which, in some cases, were modified until the 1970's. Today, some state governments are still paying compensation to victims of these policies.

  5. Anton's syndrome and eugenics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondziella, Daniel; Frahm-Falkenberg, Siska


    Anton's syndrome is arguably the most striking form of anosognosia. Patients with this syndrome behave as if they can see despite their obvious blindness. Although best known for his description of asomatognosia and visual anosognosia, Gabriel Anton (1858-1933) made other significant contributions...... to the clinical neurosciences, including pioneering work in neurosurgery, neuropsychology, and child psychiatry. However, it has not been recognized in the English literature that Anton was also a dedicated advocate of eugenics and racial hygiene. This paper provides a case of Anton's syndrome and puts the works...... of Gabriel Anton into their historic context....

  6. Eugen Steinach: The First Neuroendocrinologist

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Södersten, Per; Crews, David; Logan, Cheryl; Soukup, Rudolf Werner


    In 1936, Eugen Steinach and colleagues published a work that brought steroid biochemistry to the study of sexual behavior and, using synthetic androgens and estrogens, foreshadowed by an astonishing 4...

  7. Living History: F. Eugene Yates (United States)

    Urquhart, John


    In 2005, the American Physiological Society (APS) initiated the Living History of Physiology Archival Program to recognize senior members who have made significant contributions during their career to the advancement of the discipline and the profession of physiology. During 2008, the APS Cardiovascular Section selected Francis Eugene Yates to be…

  8. Eugenics, medicine and psychiatry in Peru. (United States)

    Stucchi-Portocarrero, Santiago


    Eugenics was defined by Galton as 'the science which deals with all influences that improve the inborn qualities of a race'. In Peru, eugenics was related to social medicine and mental hygiene, in accordance with the neo-Lamarckian orientation, that predominated in Latin America. Peruvian eugenists assumed the mission of fighting hereditary and infectious diseases, malnutrition, alcoholism, drug addiction, prostitution, criminality and everything that threatened the future of the 'Peruvian race'. There were some enthusiastic advocates of 'hard' eugenic measures, such as forced sterilization and eugenic abortion, but these were never officially implemented in Peru (except for the compulsory sterilization campaign during the 1995-2000 period). Eugenics dominated scientific discourse during the first half of the twentieth century, but eugenic discourse did not disappear completely until the 1970s.

  9. Eugene Onegin in Czech translations


    Rubáš, Stanislav


    The paper covers five complete Czech translations of Pushkin's Eugene Onegin by Václav Čeněk Bendl, Václav Alois Jung, Josef Hora, Olga Mašková and Milan Dvořák. Translation quality assessment is based on the question of how each rendering reflects semantic complexities of the original. Analysis of each translation involves the significant phonetic, imaginative, ideational and structural features of Pushkin's novel in verse. Often a particular rendering is contrasted with another one to demon...

  10. Christianity and Eugenics: The Place of Religion in the British Eugenics Education Society and the American Eugenics Society, c.1907-1940. (United States)

    Baker, Graham J


    Historians have regularly acknowledged the significance of religious faith to the eugenics movement in Britain and the USA. However, much of this scholarship suggests a polarised relationship of either conflict or consensus. Where Christian believers participated in the eugenics movement this has been represented as an abandonment of 'orthodox' theology, and the impression has been created that eugenics was a secularising force. In contrast, this article explores the impact of religious values on two eugenics organisations: the British Eugenics Education Society, and the American Eugenics Society. It is demonstrated that concerns over religion resulted in both these organisations modifying and tempering the public work that they undertook. This act of concealing and minimising the visibly controversial aspects of eugenics is offered as an addition to the debate over 'mainline' versus 'reform' eugenics.

  11. Eugene Paul Wigner's Nobel Prize

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Y S


    In 1963, Eugene Paul Wigner was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles. There are no disputes about this statement. On the other hand, there still is a question of why the statement did not mention Wigner's 1939 paper on the Lorentz group, which was regarded by Wigner and many others as his most important contribution in physics. By many physicists, this paper was regarded as a mathematical exposition having nothing to do with physics. However, it has been more than one half century since 1963, and it is of interest to see what progress has been made toward understanding physical implications of this paper and its historical role in physics. Wigner in his 1963 paper defined the subgroups of the Lorentz group whose transformations do not change the four-momentum of a given particle, and he called them the little groups. Thus, Wigner's little g...

  12. Eugenics in the community: gendered professions and eugenic sterilization in Alberta, 1928-1972. (United States)

    Samson, Amy


    Scholarship on Alberta's Sexual Sterilization Act (1928-1972) has focused on the high-level politics behind the legislation, its main administrative body, the Eugenics Board, and its legal legacy, overlooking the largely female-dominated professions that were responsible for operating the program outside of the provincial mental health institutions. This paper investigates the relationship between eugenics and the professions of teaching, public health nursing, and social work. It argues that the Canadian mental hygiene and eugenics movements, which were fundamentally connected, provided these professions with an opportunity to maintain and extend their professional authority.

  13. 77 FR 35366 - Albany-Eugene Transmission Line Rebuild Project (United States)


    ... Bonneville Power Administration Albany-Eugene Transmission Line Rebuild Project AGENCY: Bonneville Power..., based on the Albany-Eugene Transmission Line Rebuild Project (DOE/EIS-0457, March 2012). BPA has decided to rebuild a 32-mile section of the existing Albany-Eugene 115- kV transmission line that extends...

  14. Project Coast: eugenics in apartheid South Africa. (United States)

    Singh, Jerome Amir


    It is a decade since the exposure of Project Coast, apartheid South Africa's covert chemical and biological warfare program. In that time, attention has been focused on several aspects of the program, particularly the production of narcotics and poisons for use against anti-apartheid activists and the proliferation of both chemical and biological weapons. The eugenic dimension of Project Coast has, by contrast, received scant attention. It is time to revisit the testimony that brought the suggestion of eugenic motives to light, reflect on some of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's findings and search for lessons that can be taken from this troubled chapter in South Africa's history.

  15. Eugene Paul Wigner–A Tribute

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 14; Issue 10. Eugene Paul Wigner - A Tribute. N Mukunda. General Article Volume 14 Issue 10 October 2009 pp 944-969. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: Keywords.

  16. Concluding Commentary: Response to Eugene and Kiyo (United States)

    White, E. Jayne


    At the risk of speaking on his behalf I could almost swear I heard Bakhtin laughing gleefully over my shoulder as I read this fascinating dialogue between Eugene and Kiyo. His reason for this might be partly inspired by the glaring misunderstandings both men reveal through their associated interplay with key pedagogical concepts. While polemic in…

  17. Eugene Dening: Young Artist from Alberta (United States)

    Sanders, James H.


    Eugene Dening, an emerging artist in Canada, recently earned his Bachelors degree at the Calvin College (Grand Rapids, MI). This essay on his artwork explores the value of art making to LGBT youth, those gay and lesbian artists who have influenced their work, and those queer and critical readings practices that one can apply to arts' viewing.…

  18. Advertising eugenics: Charles M. Goethe's campaign to improve the race. (United States)

    Schoenl, William; Peck, Danielle


    Over the last several decades historians have shown that the eugenics movement appealed to an extraordinarily wide constituency. Far from being the brainchild of the members of any one particular political ideology, eugenics made sense to a diverse range of Americans and was promoted by professionals ranging from geneticists and physicians to politicians and economists.(1) Seduced by promises of permanent fixes to national problems, and attracted to the idea of a scientifically legitimate form of social activism, eugenics quickly grew in popularity during the first decades of the twentieth century. Charles M. Goethe, the land developer, entrepreneur, conservationist and skilled advertiser who founded the Eugenics Society of Northern California, exemplifies the broad appeal of the eugenics movement. Goethe played an active role within the American eugenics movement at its peak in the 1920s. The last president of the Eugenics Research Association,(2) he also campaigned hard against Mexican immigration to the US and he continued open support for the Nazi regime's eugenic practices into the later 1930s.(3) This article examines Goethe's eugenic vision and, drawing on his correspondence with the leading geneticist Charles Davenport, explores the relationship between academic and non-academic advocates of eugenics in America. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  19. [Eugen Bleuler and Carl Gustav Jung's habilitation]. (United States)

    Wilhelm, H R


    Eugen Bleuler's letter of recommendation for Carl Gustav Jung's appointment as a lecturer In January 1905, Eugen Bleuler (1857-1939) wrote a letter of recommendation to the Medical Faculty of the University of Zurich, urging them to accept the application of Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) as a lecturer there. Bleuler's letter mentions the contribution to Jung's writing made by Franz Riklin (1878-1938), although he does not define it precisely. It is safe to say that, judging from the way in which Bleuler expresses his opinions in this letter, this may be regarded at the very least as an early sign of his receptiveness to the psychoanalytical ideas of the time.

  20. Stadtpalais und Belvedere des Prinzen Eugen


    Seeger, U.


    Die beiden Wiener Bauten des Prinzen Eugen von Savoyen, das Stadtpalais in der Himmelpfortgasse und die Vorstadtanlage Belvedere, wurden bislang, ungeachtet des gemeinsamen Auftraggebers, nicht als Einheit behandelt. Dies dürfte an der künstlermonographisch dominierten Wahrnehmung dieser für den Wiener Barock sehr bedeutsamen Bauten als Werke der beiden prominenten Architekten, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach und Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt, gelegen haben. Ausgangspunkt der gemeinsamen...

  1. [Military doctors and Community of St. Eugene]. (United States)

    Poddubnyĭ, M V


    Article focuses on the role of military physicians in the establishment and operation of the Community of St. Eugene in St. Petersburg (1882-1918). Since 1900 the hospital functioned as a community of 3 pavilions, which had 84 regular beds, including 15 free. At various times in outpatient clinics and courses of the Community of St. Eugene worked different professors of Military-medical Academy: ophthalmologist Bellyarminov L.G., physician Manassein V.A., medicolegist Kosorotov D.P. and assistant professors Danillo S.N. and Popov. In the implementation of a "medical project" Community of St. Eugene exceptional role belonged to MD Aleksey Belyaev, a staff member of the Main Military Medical Administration, also chairing the editorial board "Military-medical journal". Role of community in care for the wounded during the Russian-Japanese war and World Wars is significant. Russian Community of fame has been associated with the outbreak in 1898, long-term activities for the production of art publications.

  2. Better science and better race? Social Darwinism and Chinese eugenics. (United States)

    Chung, Yuehtsen Juliette


    This essay explores the variegated roles played by racial, eugenic, and Social Darwinist discourse in China over roughly the last century. Using Japan as a parallel for comparison, it analyzes the introduction of the term "eugenics" into Japanese and Chinese. It then locates the deployment of eugenics and Social Darwinism as counterimperial discourse in East Asia. It offers a brief history of eugenics thinking in China across the twentieth century, focusing on the Chinese eugenicist Pan Guangdan, who used race as a category of analysis yet without any sense of hierarchy. He was critically aware of the scientific basis of eugenics and helped craft the study of eugenics in China, from biology to sociology, from economics to ethnology.

  3. Obituary: Eugene Richard Tomer, 1932-2007 (United States)

    Dunkl, Charles F.


    Dr. Eugene R. Tomer passed away on 2 July 2007 at his home in San Francisco, California. The cause of death was cancer. Tomer was a consulting applied mathematician with a wide range of interests in dynamical astronomy, electromagnetic theory for use in communications, and computational methods of applied mathematics. He was a member of AAS, and the Society for Applied and Industrial Mathematics [SIAM]. With K. H. Prendergast, he co-wrote the influential paper "Self-consistent Models of Elliptical Galaxies," published in the Astronomical Journal 75 (1970), 674-679. This paper has been cited over eighty times. Tomer was born on 13 June 1932. He earned the Ph.D. in Mathematics at the University of California-Berkeley in 1978 (title of dissertation: On the C*-algebra of the Hermite Operator). In 1996 he and A. F. Peterson wrote "Meeting the Challenges Presented by Computational Electromagnetics," a publication of the Naval Postgraduate School at Monterey, California. This writer met Eugene at the 1992 Annual SIAM meeting in Los Angeles in connection with the Activity Group on Orthogonal Polynomials and Special Functions, which the writer chaired at the time. Eugene volunteered to edit the Newsletter of the group, which he did from July 1992 to July 1995. Thanks to his skills and efforts, the Newsletter became a carefully edited, professional publication. Eugene not only organized a Problems Column, attracting questions in pure and applied mathematics, but he also designed the logo for the group. He gave much time and effort to this service, in an era when copy had to be physically assembled and mailed to SIAM Headquarters. Eventually he felt he had done what he could for the Activity Group. He told me that he hoped the Group would get seriously involved with applications such as in astronomy, physics, and sciences that use special function solutions of differential equations. During Tomer's editorship, we communicated mostly by e-mail, our homes being far apart. He

  4. Back to the future: eugenics--a bibliographic essay. (United States)

    Cullen, David


    The following essay is a review of the literature about the American eugenics movement produced by scholars over the last fifty years. The essay provides an explanation for today's renewed interest in the subject and for why the science of eugenics remains relevant to contemporary society. The essay examines the catalyst to re-examine the eugenics movement, the influence of Darwinian thought upon its development, the political and institutional support for its growth, the relationship between eugenics, sterilization, and sex, and how the twentieth-century promises of the science of better breeding was a precursor to the twenty-first-century promise of genetic engineering.

  5. Luis Huerta: Eugenics, Medicine and Pedagogy in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel LÁZARO LORENTE


    Full Text Available By comparison with the historiography of other European and Anglo-Saxon countries, the study of the origins and spread of Eugenics in Spain has not received much attention. Even less research has been done on the degree of acceptance of eugenic thought in the pedagogical domain or on the role teachers may have in the diffusion of eugenics. This paper attempts to explore the subject while focusing the analysis on the relations that were established among Medicine, Pedagogy and Eugenics in Spain during the first third of the 20th century. We will take as a point of reference and guiding line of thought the figure of the Asturian teacher Luis Huerta Naves, who was the driving force and tireless advocate of the eugenics movement in our country.

  6. Current eugenics: A brand new challenge for scientific disciplines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de las Mercedes O´Lery


    Full Text Available Until now, the parameters that distinguish the current eugenic practices form those encased in classic eugenics have been the private, individual and therapeutic characteristics of the first as opposed to the collective, coercive and improvement nature of the second. However, the present ethical debate over biotechnologies (particularly, criticism of liberal eugenics by such authors as Jürgen Habermas has given rise to the need to consider, in the future, genetic treatment as an object of the redistribution in order to avoid the discrimination implied in the impossibility of access to such treatment. The present paper attempts to show that this pretension would lead to the future dissolution of those very characteristics of current eugenics that distinguish it from the classic form. we therefore propose an epistemological analysis of present and/or future scientific practices in order to redefine those parameters that prevent their identification with the eugenic movement of the past century.

  7. The New Eugenics: Black Hyper-Incarceration and Human Abatement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James C. Oleson


    Full Text Available In the early twentieth century, the eugenics movement exercised considerable influence over domestic US public policy. Positive eugenics encouraged the reproduction of “fit” human specimens while negative eugenics attempted to reduce the reproduction of “unfit” specimens like the “feebleminded” and the criminal. Although eugenics became a taboo concept after World War II, it did not disappear. It was merely repackaged. Incarceration is no longer related to stated eugenic goals, yet incapacitation in prisons still exerts a prophylactic effect on human reproduction. Because minorities are incarcerated in disproportionately high numbers, the prophylactic effect of incarceration affects them most dramatically. In fact, for black males, the effect of hyper-incarceration might be so great as to depress overall reproduction rates. This article identifies some of the legal and extralegal variables that would be relevant for such an analysis and calls for such an investigation.

  8. [Eugenics, an element of the literary plots of dystopia]. (United States)

    Baum, Ewa; Musielak, Michał


    The work presents the ideas and assumptions of eugenics, a social philosophy established in 1883 by Francis Galton, which affected the social policies of numerous European countries in the first half of the 20th century. The work shows the effect of eugenics on the literary standards of European prose in the previous century. Two outstanding dystopian novels of the 20th century, The Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and 1984 by George Orwell, situate eugenics as a permanent element of the literary plot of dystopia. Apart from the typical features of this type of novel, for example: personal narration with a trace of irony, a totalitarian state and Newspeak, eugenics is an important element of the literary plot with is aim to exclude and marginalise certain social groups. Eugenics is also one of the main social ideas criticised by both the writers.

  9. On the concept of eugenics: preliminaries to a critical appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neri Demetrio


    Full Text Available This paper's main issue is linked to what can be foreseen as the increasing capability of medical genetics to modify the genetic composition of the human species through direct interventions in the human genome for medical and non-medical purposes, i.e., the 'risk' of a resurgence of eugenics. In current discussions on the topic (briefly presented in the first section, the 'phantom of eugenics' is raised several times, but there is a great deal of confusion on what counts as eugenics, partly because of broad conceptual disagreement over the notion itself. Furthermore, according to some scholars there is no hope of overcoming this unsatisfactory conceptual uncertainty. Partly challenging this opinion, the second and third sections of this paper attempt to identify some basic features which could be seen as intrinsically linked to the notion of eugenics, with the aim of reducing the range of conceptual disagreement as a preliminary step in bringing into focus what exactly is wrong with practicing eugenics. The subsequent sections deal with the substantive issue of whether or not to practice eugenics from the point of view of the interest of future generations in the human species' genetic composition. The main moral arguments for and against eugenics are examined from the point of view of our obligations towards future generations, and the conclusion is in favor of a cautious 'open-door' position.

  10. On the concept of eugenics: preliminaries to a critical appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demetrio Neri

    Full Text Available This paper's main issue is linked to what can be foreseen as the increasing capability of medical genetics to modify the genetic composition of the human species through direct interventions in the human genome for medical and non-medical purposes, i.e., the 'risk' of a resurgence of eugenics. In current discussions on the topic (briefly presented in the first section, the 'phantom of eugenics' is raised several times, but there is a great deal of confusion on what counts as eugenics, partly because of broad conceptual disagreement over the notion itself. Furthermore, according to some scholars there is no hope of overcoming this unsatisfactory conceptual uncertainty. Partly challenging this opinion, the second and third sections of this paper attempt to identify some basic features which could be seen as intrinsically linked to the notion of eugenics, with the aim of reducing the range of conceptual disagreement as a preliminary step in bringing into focus what exactly is wrong with practicing eugenics. The subsequent sections deal with the substantive issue of whether or not to practice eugenics from the point of view of the interest of future generations in the human species' genetic composition. The main moral arguments for and against eugenics are examined from the point of view of our obligations towards future generations, and the conclusion is in favor of a cautious 'open-door' position.

  11. Eugenics without the state: anarchism in Catalonia, 1900-1937. (United States)

    Cleminson, Richard


    Current historiography has considered eugenics to be an emanation from state structures or a movement which sought to appeal to the state in order to implement eugenic reform. This paper examines the limitations of that view and argues that it is necessary to expand our horizons to consider particularly working-class eugenics movements that were based on the dissemination of knowledge about sex and which did not aspire to positions of political power. The paper argues that anarchism, with its contradictory practice afforded by the convulsive social situation of the Civil War in Spain, allows us to assess critically the parameters of the social action of eugenics, its many alliances, and its struggle for existence in changing political circumstances not of its own making.

  12. Between Germanic and Latin eugenics: Portugal, 1930-1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Mark Cleminson

    Full Text Available Abstract This article assesses critically the participation of Portuguese eugenicists in “Latin eugenics” and traces the continuities and discontinuities with respect to this model. In particular, it focuses on a number of examples of more “Germanic” eugenics in contrast and in comparison to Latin versions of eugenics. In the former category, Eusébio Tamagnini, José Ayres de Azevedo and Leopoldina Ferreira de Paulo are considered; in the latter category, especially the work of Almerindo Lessa on “racial mixing” is considered. The conclusions suggest that we should seek diversity in both Latin and northern European eugenic models while at the same time placing Portugal within the array of possible versions of eugenics during the first half of the twentieth century.

  13. Reflections on the Historiography of American Eugenics: Trends, Fractures, Tensions. (United States)

    Paul, Diane B


    By the 1950s, eugenics had lost its scientific status; it now belonged to the context rather than to the content of science. Interest in the subject was also at low ebb. But that situation would soon change dramatically. Indeed, in an essay-review published in 1993, Philip Pauly commented that a "eugenics industry" had come to rival the "Darwin industry" in importance, although the former seemed less integrated than the latter. Since then, the pace of publication on eugenics, including American eugenics, has only accelerated, while the field has become even more fractured, moving in multiple and even contradictory directions. This essay explores the trajectory of work on the history of American eugenics since interest in the subject revived in the 1960s, noting trends and also fractures. The latter are seen to result partly from the fact that professional historians no longer own the subject, which has attracted the interest of scholars in several other disciplines as well as scientists, political activists, and journalists, and also from the fact that the history of eugenics has almost always been policy-oriented. Historians' desire to be policy-relevant and at the same time attentive to context, complexity, and contingency has generated tensions at several levels: within individuals, among historians, and between professional historians and others who also engage with the history of eugenics. That these tensions are resolved differently by different authors and even by the same authors at different times helps explain why the fragmentation that Pauly noted is not likely to be overcome anytime soon.

  14. Flinders Petrie and Eugenics at UCL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen L. Sheppard


    Full Text Available William Matthew Flinders Petrie is considered the father of scientific archaeology and is credited with developing a chronology of Ancient Egypt using the nondescript artefacts that other archaeologists had ignored. He occupied the first chair of Egyptology in England, and was also well-known for the museum built around his personal collection of Egyptian artifacts at University College London. Petrie's archaeological work has been studied by scholars, from various disciplines, for its scholarly, cultural, and historical value, while Petrie's life and career outside of archaeology have been the subject of relatively little study. Petrie himself wrote two life stories: the first, 'Ten Years Digging in Egypt, 1881–1891' (1892, detailed the years before his professorship at UCL; in 1932 he published his second, more complete autobiography, 'Seventy Years in Archaeology'. After he died in 1942 there were various obituaries and memorials that outlined his life and major achievements in archaeology. There was very little written about Petrie the man until 1985, when Margaret Drower's 'Flinders Petrie: A Life in Archaeology' was published; it remains the most comprehensive work on Petrie's life. A thin volume of the correspondence of Hilda and Flinders Petrie also allows a glimpse into life on excavation. In short, much of what is known about Petrie focuses on his excavations in Egypt, his time as Professor of Egyptology at University College London, or the museum that bears his name. Subsequently, as a historical matter, Petrie's work in the discipline of eugenics has rarely been discussed as part of his career.

  15. Eugenics, genetics, and mental illness stigma in Chinese Americans. (United States)

    WonPat-Borja, Ahtoy J; Yang, Lawrence H; Link, Bruce G; Phelan, Jo C


    The increasing interest in the genetic causes of mental disorders may exacerbate existing stigma if negative beliefs about a genetic illness are generally accepted. China's history of policy-level eugenics and genetic discrimination in the workplace suggests that Chinese communities will view genetic mental illness less favorably than mental illness with non-genetic causes. The aim of this study is to identify differences between Chinese Americans and European Americans in eugenic beliefs and stigma toward people with genetic mental illness. We utilized data from a 2003 national telephone survey designed to measure how public perceptions of mental illness differ if the illness is described as genetic. The Chinese American (n = 42) and European American (n = 428) subsamples were analyzed to compare their support of eugenic belief items and measures of stigma. Chinese Americans endorsed all four eugenic statements more strongly than European Americans. Ethnicity significantly moderated the relationship between genetic attribution and three out of five stigma outcomes; however, genetic attribution actually appeared to be de-stigmatizing for Chinese Americans while it increased stigma or made no difference for European Americans. Our findings show that while Chinese Americans hold more eugenic beliefs than European Americans, these attributions do not have the same effect on stigma as they do in Western cultures. These results suggest that future anti-stigma efforts must focus on eugenic attitudes as well as cultural beliefs for Chinese Americans, and that the effects of genetic attributions for mental illness should be examined relative to other social, moral, and religious attributions common in Chinese culture.

  16. Astronaut Eugene Cernan and Edwin Aldrin during Apollo 10 debriefing (United States)


    Astronaut Eugene A. Cernan (left), lunar module pilot of the Apollo 10 lunar orbit mission, confers with Astronaut Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. during an Apollo 10 postflight debriefing session. Aldrin is the lunar module pilot of the Apollo 11 lunar landing mission.

  17. Final-Offer Arbitration: "Sudden Death" in Eugene (United States)

    Long, Gary; Feuille, Peter


    A case study on final offer arbitration experiences in Eugene, Oregon, is presented and discussed. Basic criticisms leveled against the final-offer system are opposed by the authors and evidence is given in support of the use of final-offer arbitration. (DS)

  18. 75 FR 66750 - Albany-Eugene Transmission Line Rebuild Project (United States)


    ... Bonneville Power Administration Albany-Eugene Transmission Line Rebuild Project AGENCY: Bonneville Power... Transmission Line in Lane and Linn counties, Oregon. The deteriorated condition of this 70-year old line... Transmission Line Rebuild Project EIS and requesting comments about the potential environmental impacts it...

  19. Arnold Gesell's progressive vision: child hygiene, socialism and eugenics. (United States)

    Harris, Ben


    In October 1913, The American Magazine published an article by Arnold Gesell that portrayed Alma, Wisconsin (his hometown) as overflowing with the mentally and morally unfit. In "The Village of a Thousand Souls", Gesell called for the observation and segregation of the unfit as a eugenic measure. This article explores the reasons behind this infamous article by someone who became a famous developmental psychologist and pediatrician. Gesell's papers at the Library of Congress reveal his socialist views of poverty, injustice, and human development. The archives of his father's photography studio at the Wisconsin Historical Society reveal his manipulation of the photographic record to fit his negative view of Alma. Typical of the era, Gesell's Progressive vision combined social control and negative eugenics with egalitarianism and the benevolent engineering of the environment.

  20. Sir Francis Galton and the birth of eugenics. (United States)

    Gillham, N W


    The eugenics movement was initiated by Sir Francis Galton, a Victorian scientist. Galton's career can be divided into two parts. During the first, Galton was engaged in African exploration, travel writing, geography, and meteorology. The second part began after he read the Origin of Species by his cousin Charles Darwin. The book convinced Galton that humanity could be improved through selective breeding. During this part of his career he was interested in the factors that determine what he called human "talent and character" and its hereditary basis. Consequently, he delved into anthropometrics and psychology and played a major role in the development of fingerprinting. He also founded the field of biometrics, inventing such familiar statistical procedures as correlation and regression analysis. He constructed his own theory of inheritance in which nature and not nurture played the leading role. He actively began to promote eugenics and soon gained important converts.

  1. Propulsion by light: visions of the German pioneer Eugen Saenger (United States)

    Bohn, Willy L.


    Although the laser was not yet invented Eugen Sanger, one of the most prominent German personalities in the early development of hypersonic flight and rocket technology suggested to use photons for the propulsion of spacecrafts in the fifties. In contrast to current schemes which are mostly aimed at laser induced ablation processes, Eugen Sanger started with the idea of using the radiation pressure itself for propulsion purposes. A review of his pioneering work in that area will be supported by numerous historical documents and personal remembrance showing his effort to promote unconventional ideas. The paper also emphasizes how some of the original concepts are being revisited and partly implemented by using today's laser technology.

  2. The Collected Works of Eugene Paul Wigner the Scientific Papers

    CERN Document Server

    Wigner, Eugene Paul


    Eugene Wigner is one of the few giants of 20th-century physics His early work helped to shape quantum mechanics, he laid the foundations of nuclear physics and nuclear engineering, and he contributed significantly to solid-state physics His philosophical and political writings are widely known All his works will be reprinted in Eugene Paul Wigner's Collected Workstogether with descriptive annotations by outstanding scientists The present volume begins with a short biographical sketch followed by Wigner's papers on group theory, an extremely powerful tool he created for theoretical quantum physics They are presented in two parts The first, annotated by B Judd, covers applications to atomic and molecular spectra, term structure, time reversal and spin In the second, G Mackey introduces to the reader the mathematical papers, many of which are outstanding contributions to the theory of unitary representations of groups, including the famous paper on the Lorentz group

  3. Eugenics, sterilization, and historical memory in the United States. (United States)

    Stern, Alexandra Minna


    From the 1920s to the 1950s, California sterilized approximately 20,000 people in state homes and hospitals based on a eugenic law that authorized medical superintendents to perform reproductive surgeries on patients deemed unfit and "suffering from a mental affliction likely to be inherited." Working with a unique resource - a dataset created from 19,000 sterilization recommendations - my team and I have reconstructed patterns and experiences of institutionalization of sterilizations. This article presents several of our important initial findings related to ethnic and gender bias in sterilization policies, and reflects on the relevance of the history for contemporary issues in genomics and social justice.

  4. Eugenics and education: Implications of ideology, memory, and history for education in the United States (United States)

    Winfield, Ann Gibson

    Eugenics has been variously described "as an ideal, as a doctrine, as a science (applied human genetics), as a set of practices (ranging from birth control to euthanasia), and as a social movement" (Paul 1998 p. 95). "Race Suicide" (Roosevelt 1905) and the ensuing national phobia regarding the "children of worm eaten stock" (Bobbitt 1909) prefaced an era of eugenic ideology whose influence on education has been largely ignored until recently. Using the concept of collective memory, I examine the eugenics movement, its progressive context, and its influence on the aims, policy and practice of education. Specifically, this study examines the ideology of eugenics as a specific category and set of distinctions, and the role of collective memory in providing the mechanism whereby eugenic ideology may shape and fashion interpretation and action in current educational practice. The formation of education as a distinct academic discipline, the eugenics movement, and the Progressive era coalesced during the first decades of the twentieth century to form what has turned out to be a lasting alliance. This alliance has had a profound impact on public perception of the role of schools, how students are classified and sorted, degrees and definitions of intelligence, attitudes and beliefs surrounding multiculturalism and a host of heretofore unexplored ramifications. My research is primarily historical and theoretical and uses those material and media cultural artifacts generated by the eugenics movement to explore the relationship between eugenic ideology and the institution of education.

  5. Zur Rolle von Plansprachen im terminologiewissenschaftlichen Werk von Eugen Wuster (The Role of Planned Languages in Eugen Wuster's Work on Terminology Science). (United States)

    Blanke, Detlev


    Discusses the relationship between planned languages and specialized technical languages, with particular reference to Esperanto, and analyzes its significance for several aspects of Eugen Wuster's (the founder of terminology science) work. (Author/VWL)

  6. The Nazi Physicians as Leaders in Eugenics and "Euthanasia": Lessons for Today. (United States)

    Grodin, Michael A; Miller, Erin L; Kelly, Johnathan I


    This article, in commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the Doctors' Trial at Nuremberg, reflects on the Nazi eugenics and "euthanasia" programs and their relevance for today. The Nazi doctors used eugenic ideals to justify sterilizations, child and adult "euthanasia," and, ultimately, genocide. Contemporary euthanasia has experienced a progression from voluntary to nonvoluntary and from passive to active killing. Modern eugenics has included both positive and negative selective activities. The 70th anniversary of the Doctors' Trial at Nuremberg provides an important opportunity to reflect on the implications of the Nazi eugenics and "euthanasia" programs for contemporary health law, bioethics, and human rights. In this article, we will examine the role that health practitioners played in the promotion and implementation of State-sponsored eugenics and "euthanasia" in Nazi Germany, followed by an exploration of contemporary parallels and debates in modern bioethics. 1 .

  7. The Emergence of Genetic Counseling in Sweden: Examples from Eugenics and Medical Genetics. (United States)

    Björkman, Maria


    This paper examines the intertwined relations between eugenics and medical genetics from a Swedish perspective in the 1940s and 1950s. The Swedish case shows that a rudimentary form of genetic counseling emerged within eugenic practices in the applications of the Swedish Sterilization Act of 1941, here analyzed from the phenomenon of "heredophobia" (ärftlighetsskräck). At the same time genetic counseling also existed outside eugenic practices, within the discipline of medical genetics. The paper argues that a demand for genetic counseling increased in the 1940s and 1950s in response to a sense of reproductive responsibility engendered by earlier eugenic discourse. The paper also questions the claim made by theoreticians of biopolitics that biological citizens have emerged only during the last decades, especially in neoliberal societies. From the Swedish case it is possible to argue that this had already happened earlier in relation to the proliferation of various aspects of eugenics to the public.

  8. Eugenic sterilization and a qualified Nazi analogy: the United States and Germany, 1930-1945. (United States)

    Sofair, A N; Kaldjian, L C


    In the United States and Germany before World War II, physicians participated in state-authorized eugenic sterilization programs in an attempt to prevent persons deemed to possess undesirable heritable characteristics from propagating. A comparison of U.S. and German histories reveals similarities that argue against easy dismissal of a Nazi analogy. On the basis of a review of editorials in New England Journal of Medicine and Journal of the American Medical Association from 1930 to 1945 it is difficult to accept the suggestion that the alliance between the medical profession and the eugenics movement in the United States was short-lived. Comparison of the histories of the eugenic sterilization campaigns in the United States and Nazi Germany reveals important similarities of motivation, intent, and strategy and differences that explain why support for eugenic sterilization in the United States gradually weakened. The eugenics movement in Germany was influenced by economic crisis, radical nationalism, Hitler's totalitarianism, and the medical profession's willing participation and attraction to Nazism for financial and ideological reasons. In the United States, a combination of public unease, Roman Catholic opposition, federal democracy, judicial review, and critical scrutiny by the medical profession reversed the momentum of the eugenics movement and led to the conclusion that eugenic sterilization should be voluntary.

  9. "A century of civilization under the influence of eugenics": Dr. Enrique Diego Madrazo, socialism and scientific progress. (United States)

    Cleminson, Richard


    This article discusses the thought of one of the pioneers of eugenics in Spain, Dr. Enrique Diego Madrazo. In particular, it analyses his 1930 essay Un siglo de civilización bajo la influencia eugenésica [A Century of Civilization under the Influence of Eugenics], as the most explicit work on the eugenic utopia he advocated. This work, because of its breadth, was also one of the most extensive and detailed accounts of the steps to be taken towards the eugenic society that was produced. The present analysis of his work assesses the degree to which his thought, which has been described as "utopian socialist", in fact corresponded to that epithet, given the politically authoritarian nature and the gender bias of some aspects of his one-hundred year plan for the creation of a eugenic society. The article also places Madrazo's thought in the context of his time and other national currents of eugenic thought.

  10. Sterilization and birth control in the shadow of eugenics: married, middle-class women in Alberta, 1930-1960s. (United States)

    Dyck, Erika


    The history of eugenic sterilization connotes draconian images of coerced and involuntary procedures robbing men and women of their reproductive health. While eugenics programs often fit this characterization, there is another, smaller, and less obvious legacy of eugenics that arguably contributed to a more empowering image of reproductive health. Sexual sterilization surgeries as a form of contraception began to gather momentum alongside eugenics programs in the middle of the 20th century and experiences among prairie women serve as an illustrative example. Alberta maintained its eugenics program from 1929 to 1972 and engaged in thousands of eugenic sterilizations, but by the 1940s middle-class married women pressured their Albertan physicians to provide them with sterilization surgeries to control fertility, as a matter of choice. The multiple meanings and motivations behind this surgery introduced a moral quandary for physicians, which encourages medical historians to revisit the history of eugenics and its relationship to the contemporaneous birth control movement.

  11. [Constant or break? On the relations between human genetics and eugenics in the Twentieth Century]. (United States)

    Germann, Pascal


    The history of human genetics has been a neglected topic in history of science and medicine for a long time. Only recently, have medical historians begun to pay more attention to the history of human heredity. An important research question deals with the interconnections between human genetics and eugenics. This paper addresses this question: By focusing on a Swiss case study, the investigation of the heredity of goiter, I will argue that there existed close but also ambiguous relations between heredity research and eugenics in the twentieth century. Studies on human heredity often produced evidence that challenged eugenic aims and ideas. Concurrently, however, these studies fostered visions of genetic improvement of human populations.

  12. Eugenics, sterilization, and historical memory in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Minna Stern

    Full Text Available Abstract From the 1920s to the 1950s, California sterilized approximately 20,000 people in state homes and hospitals based on a eugenic law that authorized medical superintendents to perform reproductive surgeries on patients deemed unfit and “suffering from a mental affliction likely to be inherited.” Working with a unique resource – a dataset created from 19,000 sterilization recommendations – my team and I have reconstructed patterns and experiences of institutionalization of sterilizations. This article presents several of our important initial findings related to ethnic and gender bias in sterilization policies, and reflects on the relevance of the history for contemporary issues in genomics and social justice.

  13. Eugenics--a side effect of progressivism? analysis of the role of scientific and medical elites in the rise and fall of eugenics in pre-war Poland. (United States)

    Blach, Olga


    The eminent geneticist, Benno Muller-Hill, described eugenics as"explosive mixture between something we might call hard science, that is, human genetics, and the sphere of political action. On the one hand, geneticists needed politicians to implement their ideas. On the other hand, Hitler and the Nazis needed scientists who could say that anti-Semitism has scientific theoretical foundations." For some Polish eugenicists, the Third Reich was not the home of the Nuremberg Laws, but a country that "boldly embarked on racial hygiene." This enthusiastic attitude of Polish intellectual circles towards Nazi eugenic laws was characteristic of the status of pre-war science in Poland, which in many areas, such as anthropology and psychiatry, remained strongly influenced by the paradigm of German science. While the professional and scientific context of the day promoted eugenic and racist ideas within the framework of the academic milieu and the curriculum of the medical and scientific community, eugenicists in Poland tended to refrain from anti-Semitic and racist phraseology. Indeed, the Polish eugenic movement was class- rather than race-orientated. The hybrid language of eugenics, combining social sensitivity with repulsion and contempt for the sick and the weak, illustrated the ambiguous stance of the Polish eugenicists on politics and science in Nazi Germany, for the Third Reich provided the German eugenicists with what had always been an unfulfilled dream to the Polish eugenicists--political power and the ability to implement their ideas.

  14. Eugene Onegin the Cold War Monument: How Edmund Wilson Quarreled with Vladimir Nabokov

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Conley, Tim


    The tale of how Edmund Wilson quarreled with Vladimir Nabokov over the latter’s 1964 translation of Eugene Onegin can be instructively read as a politically charged event, specifically a “high culture...

  15. Eesti aja arhitektuur : Eugen Habermann 125. Herbert Johanson 125 / Ike Volkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Volkov, Ike, 1951-


    Näitus Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis 04. 12. 2009-07. 03. 2010. Eugen Habermannist ja Herbert Johansonist, nende tegevusest ja loomingust. Selle aja ja praegustest probleemidest ning lahendusvõimalustest

  16. Eugene – A Domain Specific Language for Specifying and Constraining Synthetic Biological Parts, Devices, and Systems (United States)

    Bilitchenko, Lesia; Liu, Adam; Cheung, Sherine; Weeding, Emma; Xia, Bing; Leguia, Mariana; Anderson, J. Christopher; Densmore, Douglas


    Background Synthetic biological systems are currently created by an ad-hoc, iterative process of specification, design, and assembly. These systems would greatly benefit from a more formalized and rigorous specification of the desired system components as well as constraints on their composition. Therefore, the creation of robust and efficient design flows and tools is imperative. We present a human readable language (Eugene) that allows for the specification of synthetic biological designs based on biological parts, as well as provides a very expressive constraint system to drive the automatic creation of composite Parts (Devices) from a collection of individual Parts. Results We illustrate Eugene's capabilities in three different areas: Device specification, design space exploration, and assembly and simulation integration. These results highlight Eugene's ability to create combinatorial design spaces and prune these spaces for simulation or physical assembly. Eugene creates functional designs quickly and cost-effectively. Conclusions Eugene is intended for forward engineering of DNA-based devices, and through its data types and execution semantics, reflects the desired abstraction hierarchy in synthetic biology. Eugene provides a powerful constraint system which can be used to drive the creation of new devices at runtime. It accomplishes all of this while being part of a larger tool chain which includes support for design, simulation, and physical device assembly. PMID:21559524

  17. Eugenics discourse and racial improvement in Republican China (1911-1949). (United States)

    Sihn, Kyu-hwan


    This paper aimed to examine the advent of eugenics and its characteristics in republican China. Although eugenics was introduced into China as a discourse to preserve and improve race by the 1898 reformers such as Yan Fu (1854-1921) and Yi Nai (1875-?) in the late imperial period, it was not until the republican period that eugenics discourse started to combine with the discourse and movement related to social reform. The May 4th intellectuals put forward criticisms of Confucian patriarchy, propagating science and democracy. They pointed out that the large family system was a source of every social evil, and argued the need for a small family system based on monogamy. The aim of the small family system was to improve both the race and the environment. Such thinkers argued that freedom of love and the liberation of individuality were necessary for this end. Zhou Jianren (1888-1984), Lu Xun's youngest brother and representative eugenicist in the May 4th period, combined eugenics with freedom of love and the liberation of individuality. Pan Guangdan (1899-1967) and Zhou Jianren debated the eugenics controversy in the 1920s. They raised the freedom of love and the liberation of individuality as central issues related to the eugenics controversy. The eugenics debate was developed into the controversy between biological determinism and environmentalism in the late 1920s. However, these issues did not continue to be brought up in the 1930s. The main issues concerning the eugenics controversy in the 1930s were cultural identity and the population problem. Particularly in the 1930s, the scope of birth control as the solution to the population problem was extended from the individual person and family to nation and race. For eugenicists like Pan Guangdan, birth control violated the aim of eugenics and brought about the degeneration of the race. However, such theorists did not deny the value of birth control itself. The supporters of birth control thought that selecting

  18. Eugene F. Fama: Nobel prize for 2013: Capital market efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pantelić Svetlana


    Full Text Available In 2013 the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to the American economists, Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert Shiller. The monetarists, Fama and Hansen, from the University of Chicago, and the Neo- Keynesian, Shiller, from the Yale University, according to the Swedish Royal Academy, won this prestigious prize for their research providing mathematical and economic models to determine (irregularities in the stock value trends at the stock exchanges. With his colleagues, in the 1960s Fama established that, in the short term, it is extremely difficult to forecast stock prices, given that new information gets embedded in the prices rather quickly. Shiller, however, determined that, although it is almost impossible to predict the stock prices for a period of few days, this is not true for a period of several years. He discovered that the stock prices fluctuate much more substantially than corporation dividents, and that the relationship between prices and dividends tends to decline when high, and to grow when low. This pattern does not apply only to stocks, but also to bonds and other forms of capital.

  19. Eugene O’Neill and the Celebration of The Other

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayyed Rahim Moosavinia


    Full Text Available The present paper examines Eugene O’Neill’s three selected plays, Anna Christie, The Iceman Cometh and The Hairy Ape, in the light of cultural studies by focusing on finding the notion of the "other", here women, blacks and the working class. The chosen groups here are among the ones that have been "otherized" by the white, male, bourgeois society. In this study, through the elements of cultural studies, it is shown that the mentioned groups are treated as Others because of their gender, class or race which are considered as inferior ones by the Power. We are going to find out that thinking in terms of binary oppositions is not an acceptable point of view in cultural studies. Therefore, the boundary between the superiority of the Power and inferiority of the Other is broken in this approach. O’Neill’s view point in the selected plays is in line with the core ideas in cultural studies. His wide point of view toward the events of his country and his pluralistic and skeptical outlook does not let any simple categorization or generalization takes place in his works. He criticizes the dominant discourses of the society and makes room for other voices to be heard.

  20. [Neurocosmetics, transhumanism and eliminative materialism: toward new ways of eugenics]. (United States)

    Echarte Alonso, Luis E


    In this paper I present similarities and connections between Transhumanism and Eliminative Materialism. Concretely, I study the arguments with which in both positions it is defended a merely instrumental idea of human body and, because of that, one infinitely mouldable. First, I show the social relevance of this idea and its projections in phenomena as medicalization of human condition and, especially, cosmetic psychopharmacology. Besides, I denounce that such influences are caused by illegitimate transference of authority between philosophical and scientific forums. Second, according to my analysis, these new postmodern fashions of chemical sentimentalism (related with radical changes on personal identity and human nature) drive to new eugenic forms what I name autoeugenics. Finally, I call attention to the important role of utopian speeches about the science of tomorrow and super-human civilization in a Carpe Diem society. In my conclusions, I claim that historical reasoning or warnings about what is coming are not efficient strategies to control neither new psychopharmacological habits nor passivity generated by them. Returning social confidence in the power of reason to achieve reality (and other human beings) is, in my opinion, the best way to rehabilitate a more and more devalued human action.

  1. Leilani Muir versus the philosopher king: eugenics on trial in Alberta. (United States)

    Wahlsten, D


    The Province of Alberta in Canada was the only jurisdiction in the British Empire where a eugenic sterilization law was passed (in 1928) and vigorously implemented. The pace of sterilization orders accelerated during the Nazi era and remained high after World War II, terminating only in 1972 when the Sexual Sterilization Act was repealed. The Alberta Eugenics Board operated away from public and legislative scrutiny, and many things done in the name of eugenics were clearly illegal. Eugenics was put on trial in Alberta in 1995 and a judge of the Court of Queen's Bench ruled in 1996 that the government had wrongly sterilized Leilani Muir. After hearing evidence about the history of the eugenics movement, the origins of Alberta's Sexual Sterilization Act, the operation of the Eugenics Board, and details of Muir's life, Madam Justice Joanne B. Veit found that 'the damage inflicted by the operation was catastrophic', the 'wrongful stigmatization of Ms. Muir as a moron ... has humiliated Ms. Muir every day of her life', and 'the circumstances of Ms. Muir's sterilization were so high-handed and so contemptuous of the statutory authority to effect sterilization, and were undertaken in an atmosphere that so little respected Ms. Muir's human dignity that the community's, and the court's, sense of decency is offended'. Veit awarded Muir damages of $740,780 CAD and legal costs of $230,000 CAD. The order for Muir's sterilization was signed by John M. MacEachran, founder of the Department of Philosophy and Psychology at the University of Alberta and chairman of the Eugenics Board from 1929 to 1965. An exponent of Platonic idealism, MacEachran believed sterilization of children with a low IQ test score was a means of 'raising and safeguarding the purity of the race'. However, the Alberta Sterilization Act was passed and implemented with cavalier disregard for the principles of genetics as well as the rights of children.

  2. Eugenics, politics and the state: social democracy and the Swiss 'gardening state'. (United States)

    Mottier, Véronique


    This article explores the connections between eugenics, politics and the state, taking the Swiss case as a particular focus. It is argued that Switzerland provides a historical example of what Bauman [Bauman, Z. (1989). Modernity and the Holocaust. Cambridge: Polity Press.] describes as 'gardening states': states that are concerned with eliminating the 'bad weeds' from the national garden and thereby constructing sharply exclusionary national identities. The Swiss experiments with eugenics (1920s-1960s) can be seen as an example of an ongoing struggle against 'difference'. Against this backdrop I will examine, first, the ways in which state regulation of reproductive sexuality, and other eugenic measures, became central mechanisms for dealing with cultural and other 'differences' in the Swiss nation. Second, I will analyse the gendered nature of such mechanisms, as well as the preoccupation with racial 'difference' exemplified by eugenic policies towards 'Gypsies'. To conclude, I will examine the impact of political institutions and political ideology, in particular, social democracy, on these eugenic gardening efforts.

  3. From 'beastly philosophy' to medical genetics: eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union. (United States)

    Krementsov, Nikolai


    This essay offers an overview of the three distinct periods in the development of Russian eugenics: Imperial (1900-1917), Bolshevik (1917-1929), and Stalinist (1930-1939). Began during the Imperial era as a particular discourse on the issues of human heredity, diversity, and evolution, in the early years of the Bolshevik rule eugenics was quickly institutionalized as a scientific discipline--complete with societies, research establishments, and periodicals--that aspired an extensive grassroots following, generated lively public debates, and exerted considerable influence on a range of medical, public health, and social policies. In the late 1920s, in the wake of Joseph Stalin's 'Great Break', eugenics came under intense critique as a 'bourgeois' science and its proponents quickly reconstituted their enterprise as 'medical genetics'. Yet, after a brief period of rapid growth during the early 1930s, medical genetics was dismantled as a 'fascist science' towards the end of the decade. Based on published and original research, this essay examines the factors that account for such an unusual--as compared to the development of eugenics in other locales during the same period--historical trajectory of Russian eugenics.

  4. 33 CFR 207.170a - Eugene J. Burrell Navigation Lock in Haines Creek near Lisbon, Fla.; use, administration, and... (United States)


    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Eugene J. Burrell Navigation Lock in Haines Creek near Lisbon, Fla.; use, administration, and navigation. 207.170a Section 207.170a... REGULATIONS § 207.170a Eugene J. Burrell Navigation Lock in Haines Creek near Lisbon, Fla.; use...

  5. Medicine, eugenics, and the Supreme Court: from coercive sterilization to reproductive freedom. (United States)

    Lombardo, P A


    This article shows how the current language of reproductive rights, including the determination of US constitutional protections, can be traced to three cases heard by the US Supreme Court that challenged eugenic state legislation written between 1924 and 1935. The introduction defines "eugenics" as the notion that the human race can be improved and social ills gradually eliminated by selective procreation and notes that eugenicists were extremely effective in using the law as their ally and effected the adoption of nearly 100 eugenic statutes by the states between 1900 and 1970. Part 2 examines the classification of social deviance as a social ill that could be overcome by the application of eugenic principles bolstered by scientific explanations about defective "germ-plasm." The third part of the article illustrates the legal impact of US eugenicists in 1924 when the Federal Immigration Restriction Act was adopted with national origin quotas that remained in place until 1965. This year also saw adoption of two eugenic laws enacted in Virginia that would be later challenged in the Supreme Court. Part 4 details one of these cases, Buck vs. Bell, that challenged Virginia's Eugenical Sterilization Act. In upholding the Virginia statute, the Supreme Court allowed the forced sterilization of a young woman in the first and only instance in which the Court allowed a physician to act as an agent of state government in the performance of an undesired and unnecessary operation. Part 5 describes how the Supreme Court overturned Oklahoma's law mandating the sterilization of "hereditary criminals" in Skinner vs. Oklahoma. The 1967 ruling in Loving vs. Virginia overturning Virginia's Racial Integrity Act preventing interracial marriage is presented in part 6. The article ends by tracing the impact of these cases on the constitutionalization of reproductive rights in the US.

  6. Obituary: Harding Eugene (Gene) Smith, Jr., 1947-2007 (United States)

    Lonsdale, Carol; Soifer, Tom


    Harding Eugene Smith Junior, or Gene, as he was known to family, friends, and colleagues, passed away after an automobile accident in Encinitas, California, on 16 August 2007. He was 60 years old. Gene had recently retired from UCSD after thirty years of service. A memorial service was held at Quail Botanical Gardens in Encinitas, California, on 23 August 2007. A web page is dedicated to his memory at, where contributions of memories are invited. Gene was born in San Jose, California in 1947, to Harding Eugene Smith Senior, and Bernice Smith (nee Smith). Harding Smith Senior was an air-force navigator; therefore Gene spent his childhood moving from one air-force base to another. Although an only child, Gene was very close to his cousin Meg, whom he lived nearby to in Gilroy for a time, and the two were like brother and sister. The elder Harding Smith was lost in action over Cambodia in the mid-sixties. Gene was a dedicated student, a boy scout, and a Presidential Scholar. He majored in Physics at Caltech, where he also took a lively interest in the football team and the Glee Club, and was elected a House Officer. To his close friends, he was known at Caltech as Smitty, and the closest of them was Rob Drew, who gave a glimpse into that period of Gene's life at the memorial: "Gene arrived early at campus his first year, in response to an invitation to join the football team. Gene's size and features reminded the head coach of a long-forgotten player named 'Johnson.' After a few days of confusion, Gene simply replaced the name on his helmet. 'Johnson!' coach would yell, 'get in there!' If Johnson was going to get to play, Gene was going to be the best Johnson available!" Gene spent the summer of 1966 working at Kitt Peak, where his lifetime love of observing with ground-based telescopes began, though he learned some things the hard way, such as the fact that trying to squeeze 40,000 numbers onto a computer that stored only 32

  7. Petersburg und Land als soziale Makroräume in Puschkins "Eugen Onegin"


    Petrova, Alena


    Im Aufsatz wird die Raumdarstellung in Puschkins Roman "Eugen Onegin" behandelt. Dabei steht die Zweiteilung des Raums in (Haupt-)Stadt und Land im Mittelpunkt. Ferner werden die Perspektiven von den beiden Haupthelden (Tatjana und Onegin) und vom Erzähler berücksichtigt. Vortrag beim Puschkin-Kongress 2003

  8. The Eugenics Movement and Its Impact on Art Education in the United States (United States)

    Hunter-Doniger, Tracey


    This article argues that the eugenics movement has had three major influences on education in the United States, and reveals how these influences have had an impact on visual arts education in particular. The first influence began with a debate between John Dewey and David Snedden that resulted in a two-tiered tracking system that separated…

  9. Eugenics and Education: A Note on the Origins of the Intelligence Testing Movement in England. (United States)

    Lowe, Roy


    Examines influence of Francis Galton and the Eugenics Education Society in the intelligence testing movement in England (early 1900s). For eugenicists, the central issue confronting society was the problem of racial deterioration. They responded with modification of the Binet-Simon tests and developed tests to examine the whole ability range.…

  10. Reflections on Mental Retardation and Eugenics, Old and New: Mensa and the Human Genome Project. (United States)

    Smith, J. David


    This article addresses the moral and ethical issues of mental retardation and a continuing legacy of belief in eugenics. It discusses the involuntary sterilization of Carrie Buck in 1927, support for legalized killing of subnormal infants by 47% of respondents to a Mensa survey, and implications of the Human Genome Project for the field of mental…

  11. Hereditarian Ideas and Eugenic Ideals at the National Deaf-Mute College (United States)

    Ennis, William Thomas, III


    For the past two centuries deaf people in the United States have faced more or less intense skepticism about their marriages to each other, largely due to fears of inherited deafness. These fears, while always present, have waxed and waned over time, becoming most prominent during the eugenics era of the late nineteenth and early twentieth…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available In this paper I argue that, though many ethical systems recognizesacrifice as moral action, the utilitarian appropriation of Neo-Darwinian theory especially as it justifies eugenics as a “winnowing of the human stock” is in Girardian terms analogous to the sacrificial scapegoating of innocents. This argument is accomplished in four steps. (1 I show that within some ethical systems sacrifice is recognized as moral behavior driven by a specific axiology (or theory of value (2 I discuss some of the meta-ethical problems connected with Neo-Darwinian naturalism and naturalism, in general. (3 I show how modern varieties of naturalism and Darwinian naturalism, inparticular are especially inclined to lead to a moral justification of eugenic scapegoating and how Girardian theory is helpful in identifying the moral disorder connected with eugenics. (4 Finally, I conclude by arguing that Darwin’s thought is susceptible to another kind of interpretation, one that need not lead to the valorization of eugenics.

  13. Eugene Garfield and algorithmic historiography: co-words, co-authors, and journal names

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leydesdorff, L.


    Algorithmic historiography was proposed by Eugene Garfield in collaboration with Irving Sher in the 1960s, but further developed only recently into HistCite™ with Alexander Pudovkin. As in history writing, HistCite™ reconstructs by drawing intellectual lineages. In addition to cited references,

  14. [On the medical and publishing activities of the community of Saint Eugene]. (United States)


    The article deals with the role the physicians played in organization and functioning of the Community of Saint Eugene in St. Petersburg in 1882-1918. The typography production of the Community being of interest for history of medicine is examined.

  15. Eugene Wigner – A Gedanken Pioneer of the Second Quantum Revolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeilinger Anton


    Full Text Available Eugene Wigner pointed out very interesting consequences of quantum physics in elegant gedanken experiments. As a result of technical progress, these gedanken experiments have become real experiments and contribute to the development of novel concepts in quantum information science, often called the second quantum revolution.

  16. The Curious Case of Thalidomide and the Absent Eugenic Clause in Canada's Amended Abortion Law of 1969. (United States)

    Chisholm, Christine

    This essay traces the role of the drug thalidomide in the reform of Canadian abortion law during the late 1960s. Like elsewhere in the British Commonwealth, discussion of the "thalidomide disaster" of the early 1960s intensified leading up to the debates that culminated in the 1969 amendment to Canadian abortion law. Although thalidomide was a rallying point for advocates of eugenic abortion, a majority of Canadian MPs, unlike their British and Commonwealth counterparts, rejected this argument. Widespread public and political considerations of the thalidomide tragedy were thus unable to inspire support for a eugenic clause in Canada's new abortion law, in spite of the nation's infamous eugenic past.

  17. [Eugen Helimski, Urlike Kahrs. Nordselkupisches Wörterbuch von F. G. Mal'cev (1903)] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-


    Raamatust: Helimski, Eugen, Kahrs, Urlike. Nordselkupisches Wörterbuch von F. G. Mal'cev (1903). Hamburg, 2001. (Hamburger Sibirische und Finnisch-Ugrische Materialen / Habent Sua Fata Manuscripts; 1)

  18. Mäletamine, aeglus ja kontrollimatu kapitalism / Eugen Ruge ; intervjueerinud Dieter Neidlinger ; saksa keelest eesti keelde vahendanud Aija Sakova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruge, Eugen, 1954-


    Intervjuu kirjandusfestivalil "Prima vista" esineva saksa kirjaniku Eugen Rugega tema romaanides "Kahaneva valguse aegu" ("In Zeiten des abnehmenden Lichts") ja "Cabo de Gata" ning käsil olevast teosest

  19. Hitler's bible: an analysis of the relationship between American and German eugenics in pre-war Nazi Germany. (United States)

    Brown, Susan


    Throughout the last century the wellbeing of those with disability has been threatened by the idea of eugenics. The most notable and extreme example of this could be considered to have been carried out during World WarTwo, within Nazi eugenic programmes. These resulted in the sterilisation and killing of hundreds of thousands of disabled people. Through research of a wide range of sources it has been established that much of the inspiration and encouragement for this rapidly progressing movement in Germany initially came from America, most notably from California. American eugenicists expressed interest, and at times jealousy, at the speed of the progression in German eugenics. German Sterilisation laws were drafted following careful study of American experiments and research, while financial support from a number of American individuals encouraged further German research. Correspondence between influential leaders, including Hitler, Grant and Whitney, Verschuer and Popenoe, on both sides also added to the developing relationship. In conclusion, although there are a number of vital differences between the progress of the eugenics programme in America and in pre-war Nazi Germany, and eugenics in America never produced the massive genocide that occurred in Germany, it is clear that the research, encouragement and enthusiasm from America had a profound influence on the rapidly growing Nazi eugenics movement.

  20. Eugen Bleuler’s Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias (1911)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moskowitz, Andrew; Heim, Gerhard


    On the 100th anniversary of the publication of Eugen Bleuler’s Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias, his teachings on schizophrenia from that seminal book are reviewed and reassessed, and implications for the current revision of the category of schizophrenia, with its emphasis on psych......On the 100th anniversary of the publication of Eugen Bleuler’s Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias, his teachings on schizophrenia from that seminal book are reviewed and reassessed, and implications for the current revision of the category of schizophrenia, with its emphasis...... of schizophrenia as split personality has some historical basis; (2) Bleuler’s concept of loosening of associations does not refer narrowly to a disorder of thought but broadly to a core organically based psychological deficit which underlies the other symptoms of schizophrenia; (3) the ‘‘4 A’s,’’ for association...

  1. Eugenics and moral authorship. Analysis of a Habermas´s thesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Ortega Esquembre


    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study the Jürgen Habermas´s vision of genetic manipulation; in particular, it will be addressed critically his assumption that the genetically engineered person would loose his awareness of authorship. In the author´s view, positive genetic intervention —one that is to genetically enhance the subject— would eliminate the awareness of authorship of that subject, as well as his self-understanding as moral agent. Two aspects of the question will be approached: firstly, the correctness or incorrectness of Habermas´s thesis. Secondly, the relevance of the thesis to oppose positive eugenics. Could be other arguments considered within Habermas´s conceptual framework to oppose positive eugenics?

  2. Propulsion by light: a tribute to the German pioneer Eugen Saenger (Plenary Paper) (United States)

    Bohn, Willy L.


    Although the laser was not yet invented Eugen Saenger, one of the most prominent German personalities in the early development of rocket science and technology suggested to use photons for the propulsion of spacecrafts in the fifties. In contrast to current schemes which are basically aimed at laser induced ablation processes, Eugen Saenger started with the idea of using the radiation pressure itself for propulsion purposes. A review of his pioneering work in that area will be supported by numerous historical documents and personal remembrance showing his effort to promote unconventional ideas. The paper also emphasizes how some of the original concepts are being revisited and partly implemented by using today"s laser technology.

  3. Stadtpalais und Belvedere des Prinzen Eugen : Entstehung, Gestalt, Funktion und Bedeutung


    Seeger, Ulrike


    Prince Eugene of Savoy, contemporary and companion in arms of the first Duke of Marlborough, was the architectural patron of two of the most important buildings of the Viennese baroque, viz. the Stadtpalais (city mansion) and the Belvedere, a suburban garden palace. In spite of the common patron, so far the two buildings were considered quite separately by the research on the Viennese baroque, presumably because of the emphasis on the two different, very prominent architects, Johann Bernhard ...

  4. A gift of prophecy essays in celebration of the life of Robert Eugene Marshak

    CERN Document Server


    Robert Eugene Marshak (1916-92) devoted much of his life to helping other people carry out scientific research and gather to discuss their work. In addition to his scientific statesmanship, he was an extraordinarily gifted research scientist, and many of his scientific contributions have been prophetic. This book pays homage to his creativity and continuing work, with contributions from many of the people whose lives have been influenced by him.

  5. The doers of good. Scandinavian historians revise the social history of eugenics(1997-2001). (United States)

    Zylberman, Patrick


    Late disclosure of the large scale of sterilization practices in the Nordic countries created an outburst of scandal: did these policies rely on coercion? To what extent? Who in the end was responsible? Sterilization practices targeted underprivileged people first. The mentally retarded and women were their first victims. Operations were very frequently determined by other people's manipulative or coercive influences. Should the blame be put on the Social-Democrats in power throughout the period (except in Finland and Estonia)? Apart from Denmark, perhaps, local physicians and local services, more than governments, seemed to have strongly supported sterilization practices. Teetotalers and feminists shared responsibilities. How can one explain that eugenics finally declined? Based on a sound application of the Hardy-Weinberg law, the science of the eugenicists was correct. Was it politics? But uncovering of the Nazi crimes had only a very small impact on eugenics. Some authors underline the fact that the Nordic scientific institutions were particularly suited to liberal values. Others point to the devastating effect on eugenics once hereditarist psychiatry fell from favor in the middle of the sixties.

  6. Colombia en el contexto eugenésico latinoamericano 1900-1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Vianey Tovar Mosquera


    Full Text Available Introducción. La Eugenesia es un acontecimiento histórico que logró mover, una vez más, los fundamentos éticos tradicionales de la humanidad, cuestionando nuestra concepción de lo humano, haciendo de la diferencia, la debilidad o la enfermad una amenaza tangible urgente de normalizar o exterminar. Objetivo. Estudiar la forma como se desarrolló el movimiento eugenésico en Latinoamérica, en países como Argentina, Brasil, Colombia, Cuba, Chile, México y Perú. Materiales y métodos. Artículo de revisión de corte histórico; se seleccionó bibliografía que permitiera 1 brindar acercamiento al origen y principios de la Eugenesia; 2 investigaciones y artículos publicados en los países en mención que dan cuenta del desarrollo del movimiento eugenésico y de las políticas e instituciones con ocasión del mismo; 3 documentos históricos de intelectuales, políticos y educadores colombianos de la primera mitad del siglo XX para evaluar su adhesión al darwinismo social y al paradigma degeneracionista; 4 revisión de la legislación de la primera mitad del siglo XX en Colombia para analizar la materialización de principios eugenésicos y finalmente 5 se abordaron documentos que permiten consolidar una reflexión en torno a los graves problemas éticos y sociales que implicó la Eugenesia como un paradigma determinista biológica y socialmente. Resultados y discusión. Se evidencia que el movimiento eugenésico permeó el contexto latinoamericano definiendo, en la primera mitad del siglo XX, la política pública de los diferentes estados en materia educativa, médica, económica y migratoria, entre otras; generando graves problemas de estigmatización racial y moral.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruslan Kadimov


    Full Text Available Features of the individual style of the poet can be found in the works of such important components as the epigraph and dedication. The article determines the distinctive features of semantics framework structures of the novel “Eugene Onegin”, using philological analysis. Components of the heading complex play an important role in interpreting the text. Semantic structure of the epigraph models in miniature complex semantic structure of the novel as a whole. The analysis of the dedication shows the presence in the arsenal of Pushkin’s poetics of a device tentatively called the device of ethical legitimization. 

  8. A paradigmatic disagreement in "Dialogue on Dialogic Pedagogy" by Eugene Matusov and Kiyotaka Miyazaki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Marjanovic-Shane


    Full Text Available I read with a great pleasure the heated dialogue on Dialogic Pedagogy between Eugene Matusov and Kiyotaka Miyazaki. It provided me with one of those rare occasions where I could both witness, and also join, the workings of two minds as they struggled with and against each other to construct, de-construct, and reconstruct their visions of dialogic pedagogical approaches to education. As I was reading, I had a lot of questions and remarks. I try to summarize them here – while many are still left on the margins of the original manuscript.

  9. Eugene P. Wigner’s Visionary Contributions to Generations-I through IV Fission Reactors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carré Frank


    Full Text Available Among Europe’s greatest scientists who fled to Britain and America in the 1930s, Eugene P. Wigner made instrumental advances in reactor physics, reactor design and technology, and spent nuclear fuel processing for both purposes of developing atomic weapons during world-war II and nuclear power afterwards. Wigner who had training in chemical engineering and self-education in physics first gained recognition for his remarkable articles and books on applications of Group theory to Quantum mechanics, Solid state physics and other topics that opened new branches of Physics.

  10. Fuerza, vigor y consumo: el caso de Eugene Sandow en Santiago de Chile, 1900-1930


    Martínez Fernández, Felipe


    Considerado como el padre del fisicoculturismo moderno, el atleta de origen prusiano Eugene Sandow (1867-1925), desde finales del siglo XIX hasta los primeros años del siglo XX, se convirtió en una de las figuras más importantes en torno a la cultura física a nivel mundial. Sus recomendaciones y rutinas de entrenamiento lo posicionaron no solo como un sinónimo de fuerza, salud, y perfección corporal, sino que también lo potenciaron como una importante marca comercial a través de una serie de ...

  11. The reception of Eugen Bleuler in British psychiatry, 1892-1954.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dalzell, Thomas


    This article draws on over 60 years of British medical journals and psychiatry textbooks to indicate the chronological stages of the reception of Eugen Bleuler in British psychiatry. Bleuler was already well known in Britain before his schizophrenia book appeared, with the journals containing numerous references, mainly positive, to his work. The psychiatry textbooks, however, were slower to integrate his contribution. This paper argues that this was not due to Bleuler\\'s placing Freud on a par with Kraepelin, but because of the early negative reaction to Kraepelin\\'s dementia praecox concept, despite Bleuler\\'s wider and less ominous conception of the illness.

  12. Contraception or eugenics? Sterilization and "mental retardation" in the 1970s and 1980s. (United States)

    Ladd-Taylor, Molly


    Nonconsensual sterilization is usually seen as the by-product of a classist and racist society; disability is ignored. This article examines the 1973 sterilization of two young black girls from Alabama and other precedent-setting court cases involving the sterilization of "mentally retarded" white women to make disability more central to the historical analysis of sterilization. It analyzes the concept of mental retardation and the appeal of a surgical solution to birth control, assesses judicial deliberations over the "right to choose" contraceptive sterilization when the capacity to consent is in doubt, and reflects on the shadow of eugenics that hung over the sterilization debate in the 1970s and 1980s.

  13. Brazilian eugenics and its international connections: an analysis based on the controversies between Renato Kehl and Edgard Roquette-Pinto, 1920-1930. (United States)

    Souza, Vanderlei Sebastião de


    In this article, I analyze the dialogue and exchanges between Brazilian eugenicists and their counterparts abroad in the early decades of the twentieth century. Through an examination of Renato Kehl's and Edgard Roquette-Pinto's eugenics projects and the controversies between these two leaders of the eugenics movement in Brazil, I investigate their contact with the movements in countries like the United States, Germany, England, Sweden, and Norway and show that the ties that the two researchers maintained with so-called mainline eugenic thought were broader and more extensive than first believed. The result was the shaping of different brands of Brazilian eugenics, expanding the international circulation of ideas and extrapolating the borders of "Latin eugenics."

  14. From the 'Village of a Thousand Souls' to 'Race Crossing in Jamaica': Arnold Gesell, eugenics and child development. (United States)

    Weizmann, Fredric


    Perhaps best known for providing age-related norms in early development, norms that are still used as a basis for measures of developmental maturity, Arnold Gesell was a key figure in developmental psychology from the 1920s through the 1950s. After examining Gesell's reputation and status in the field, we explore Gesell's changing relationship to eugenics, both in terms of Gesell's often contradictory attitudes about the role of hereditary and environmental influences in development, and in terms of the broader relationship between the eugenics movement and science.

  15. Racial Metabolism: Eugenic Studies in Jamaica and Yucatán, between 1920 and 1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Vargas Domínguez


    Full Text Available Objective: this paper shows the configuration of research conducted by the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW, in Jamaica and Yucatan, about basal metabolism on the onset of the twen­tieth century. I argue that this physiological research, conducted outside the usual laboratory spaces, used and articulated eugenics and racialized notions about the bodies under examination.Content: from the standpoint of the history of science I have analyzed the publications, reports and correspondence of the members of the Carnegie Institution expeditions. Conclusions: I show that basal metabolism was a measure constructed and used in the first half of the twentieth cen­tury with a strong eugenic and racial bias. Francis G. Benedict, Charles B. Davenport and Morris Steggerda from the CIW conducted these expeditions not only from the medical but also from the anthropological standpoint, in order to answer the question whether there was a climatic or racial effect on the body of the subjects analyzed. The results of the research were incorporated to the formulas used to evaluate the nutritional status of populations, fact that might have con­sequences nowadays on the way we understand metabolic “normality”.

  16. [Eugenic abortion could explain the lower infant mortality in Cuba compared to that in Chile]. (United States)

    Donoso S, Enrique; Carvajal C, Jorge A


    Cuba and Chile have the lower infant mortality rates of Latin America. Infant mortality rate in Cuba is similar to that of developed countries. Chilean infant mortality rate is slightly higher than that of Cuba. To investigate if the lower infant mortality rate in Cuba, compared to Chile, could be explained by eugenic abortion, considering that abortion is legal in Cuba but not in Chile. We compared total and congenital abnormalities related infant mortality in Cuba and Chile during 2008, based on vital statistics of both countries. In 2008, infant mortality rates in Chile were significantly higher than those of Cuba (7.8 vs. 4.7 per 1,000 live born respectively, odds ratio (OR) 1.67; 95% confidence intervals (Cl) 1.52-1.83). Congenital abnormalities accounted for 33.8 and 19.2% of infant deaths in Chile and Cuba, respectively. Discarding infant deaths related to congenital abnormalities, infant mortality rate continued to be higher in Chile than in Cuba (5.19 vs. 3.82 per 1000 live born respectively, OR 1.36; 95%CI 1.221.52). Considering that antenatal diagnosis is widely available in both countries, but abortion is legal in Cuba but not in Chile, we conclude that eugenic abortion may partially explain the lower infant mortality rate observed in Cuba compared to that observed in Chile.

  17. Preserving Precious Instruments in Mathematics History: The Educational Museum of Teachers College and David Eugene Smith's Collection (United States)

    Murray, Diane R.


    A history is given of the Educational Museum of Teachers College, which began in 1886, and David Eugene Smith's extensive collection of mathematical tools used in the Museum's exhibits is discussed. Historic mathematical instruments including, the astrolabe, abacus and counting rods, and the slide rule are examined. The author uses digitized…

  18. Eugene O'Neill "Pikk päevatee kaob öösse" / Ellu Eik ; interv. Ene Paaver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eik, Ellu


    Seoses Eesti Draamateatri suvelavastusega "Pikk päevatee kaob öösse" (autor Eugene O'Neill ja lavastaja Merle Karusoo) räägib Lääne-Tallinna Keskhaigla Sõltuvusravikeskuse psühhiaater Ellu Eik sõltuvuse tagamaadest ja mõjudest

  19. 78 FR 21547 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Oregon: Eugene-Springfield PM10 (United States)


    ... increased emissions from on-road mobile sources would increase PM 10 concentrations in the Eugene..., animal or vegetable matter resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking or service of food, or of...). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the...

  20. 77 FR 64349 - Notice of Availability of the Draft West Eugene Wetlands Resource Management Plan/Environmental... (United States)


    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Availability of the Draft West Eugene Wetlands Resource Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement, Oregon AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice... (BLM) has prepared a Draft Resource Management Plan (RMP) and Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS...

  1. Eugenics and racial biology in Sweden and the USSR: contacts across the Baltic Sea. (United States)

    Rudling, Per Anders


    The 1920s saw a significant exchange between eugenicists in Sweden and the young Soviet state. Sweden did not take part in World War I, and during the years following immediately upon the Versailles peace treaty, Swedish scholars came to serve as an intermediary link between, on the one hand, Soviet Russia and Weimar Germany, and, on the other hand, Western powers. Swedish eugenicists organized conferences, lecture tours, visits, scholarly exchanges, and transfers and translation of eugenic research. Herman Lundborg, the director of the world's first State Institute of Racial Biology, was an old-fashioned, deeply conservative, and anti-communist "scientific" racist, who somewhat paradoxically came to serve as something of a Western liaison for Soviet eugenicists. Whereas the contacts were disrupted in 1930, Swedish eugenicists had a lasting impact on Soviet physical anthropologists, who cited their works well into the 1970s, long after they had been discredited in Sweden.

  2. Eugene Onegin the Cold War Monument: How Edmund Wilson Quarreled with Vladimir Nabokov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Conley


    Full Text Available The tale of how Edmund Wilson quarreled with Vladimir Nabokov over the latter’s 1964 translation of Eugene Onegin can be instructively read as a politically charged event, specifically a “high culture” allegory of the Cold War. Dissemination of anti-Communist ideals (often in liberal and literary guises was the mandate of the Congress for Cultural Freedom, whose funding and editorial initiatives included the publication of both pre-Revolution Russian literature and, more notoriously, the journal Encounter (1953-1990, where Nabokov’s fiery “Reply” to Wilson appeared. This essay outlines the propaganda value of the Onegin debate within and to Cold War mythology.

  3. "Our power to remodel civilization": the development of eugenic feminism in Alberta, 1909-1921. (United States)

    Gibbons, Sheila


    In addition to being a prominent political figure in equal rights legislation, Emily Murphy was a vital contributor to programs which sought to improve the human race through forced sterilization. These negative aspects of this period in feminist history tend to be described as outside of the women's sphere, representing instead the patriarchal realm of men. However, both eugenics and the first-wave feminist ambitions for equal political rights were connected through an agrarian construction of "mothers of the race." As "mothers of the race," women in Alberta were responsible for the physical and moral betterment of the nation, and were directly engaged in concepts of intelligent motherhood, healthy childhood, and an overarching moral philosophy that was politically driven.

  4. Eugene Garfield and Algorithmic Historiography: Co-Words, Co-Authors, and Journal Names

    CERN Document Server

    Leydesdorff, Loet


    Algorithmic historiography was proposed by Eugene Garfield in collaboration with Irving Sher in the 1960s, but further developed only recently into HistCite^{TM} with Alexander Pudovkin. As in history writing, HistCite^{TM} reconstructs by drawing intellectual lineages. In addition to cited references, however, documents can be attributed a multitude of other variables such as title words, keywords, journal names, author names, and even full texts. New developments in multidimensional scaling (MDS) enable us not only to visualize these patterns at each moment of time, but also to animate them over time. Using title words, co-authors, and journal names in Garfield's oeuvre, the method is demonstrated and further developed in this paper (and in the animation at The variety and substantive content of the animation enables us to write, visualize, and animate the author's intellectual history.

  5. Border Gothic - history, violence and the border in the writings of Eugene McCabe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éamonn Ó Ciardha


    Full Text Available As well as producing a rich body of novels, novellas, short-stories and plays spanning throughout seventy years of the century of partition, Eugene McCabe charts the broad trajectory of Irish history and politics from the Elizabethan Conquest and Ulster Plantation of the 16th and 17th centuries to the recent 'Troubles' which spanned the thirty years between the beginnings of the Civil Rights Movement (1968 and the signing of the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement (1998. They positively seethe with gruesome assassinations, indiscriminate bombings and deliberate shootings, while resonating with a veritable cacophony of deep-seeded ethnic rivalries and genocidal, religious hatreds, which are interlaced with poverty, social deprivation and dis-function, migration and emigration.

  6. Radical Enformel in the Oeuvre of Ivo Gattin and Eugen Feller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ješa Denegri


    Full Text Available The paper focuses on Ivo Gattin and Eugen Feller as prominent figures in the so-called “radical Enformel”, an artistic trend in Croatian painting during the late 1950s and early 1960s. Besides them, the representatives of radical Enformel include Vlado Kristl, Marijan Javšovar, and Đuro Seder, who likewise participated in the exhibition Informel 1956-1962 at Nova Gallery in 1977. The theoretical platform for this trend in painting was found in hypotheses presented in the influential text “Materia, tecnica e storia nell’informale” (1959 by the Italian artcritic Giulio Carlo Argan, which were adapted to the specific Croatian circumstances and examples.

  7. Neuroscience in Nazi Europe part I: eugenics, human experimentation, and mass murder. (United States)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A


    The Nazi regime in Germany from 1933 to 1945 waged a veritable war throughout Europe to eliminate neurologic disease from the gene pool. Fueled by eugenic policies on racial hygiene, the Nazis first undertook a sterilization campaign against "mental defectives," which included neurologic patients with epilepsy and other disorders, as well as psychiatric patients. From 1939-41 the Nazis instead resorted to "euthanasia" of many of the same patients. Some neuroscientists were collaborators in this program, using patients for research, or using extracted brains following their murder. Other reviews have focused on Hallervorden, Spatz, Schaltenbrand, Scherer, and Gross, but in this review the focus is on neuroscientists not well described in the neurology literature, including Scholz, Ostertag, Schneider, Nachtsheim, and von Weizsäcker. Only by understanding the actions of neuroscientists during this dark period can we learn from the slippery slope down which they traveled, and prevent history from repeating itself.

  8. Refrigerator Mothers and Sick Little Boys: Bruno Bettelheim, Eugenics and the De-Pathologization of Jewish Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    griffin jaye epstein


    Full Text Available Child psychologist and Nazi concentration camp survivor Bruno Bettelheim’s influential theories of autism reveal a startling connection between Jewish identity, the medicalization of disability, colonial eugenics and race-making practices over the 20th century in North America. Using Bettelheim’s life and work as a case-study, this paper explores Ashkenazi Jewish immigrant complicity in a whitened colonial landscape through the lens of Disability Studies. It asks the question: can we be more accountable to our disabled identities – and to those disabled people who have come before us – if we learn how our families, our identities, our very selves have been complicit in medicalization and violence?  Keywords: madness, race, whiteness, Jewish identity, eugenics, psychiatry

  9. Nursing, obedience, and complicity with eugenics: a contextual interpretation of nursing morality at the turn of the twentieth century. (United States)

    Berghs, M; Dierckx de Casterlé, B; Gastmans, C


    This paper uses Margaret Urban Walker's "expressive collaborative" method of moral inquiry to examine and illustrate the morality of nurses in Great Britain from around 1860 to 1915, as well as nursing complicity in one of the first eugenic policies. The authors aim to focus on how context shapes and limits morality and agency in nurses and contributes to a better understanding of debates in nursing ethics both in the past and present.

  10. "One of the Most Uniform Races of the Entire World": Creole Eugenics and the Myth of Chilean Racial Homogeneity. (United States)

    Walsh, Sarah


    This article illuminates why Nicolás Palacios's 1904 monograph, Raza chilena: Libro escrito por un Chileno i para los Chilenos [Chilean Race: A Book Written by a Chilean for Chileans], is central to the creation of a myth of Chilean racial homogeneity at the turn of the twentieth century. Placing Palacios in the context of Latin American eugenic discourse, it demonstrates how he selected a specific racial origin story in order to accommodate his belief in racial hierarchy while also depicting race mixing in a positive light. Specifically, the article highlights how the myth of Chilean racial homogeneity elided the difference between the term "mestizo," which was applied to people of mixed racial heritage, and "white." I contend that Palacios sought to differentiate Chileans from other Latin Americans by emphasizing their racial distinctiveness. The article therefore highlights that Latin American eugenics was concerned with the creation of national narratives that historicized particular racial mixtures in order to reify and affirm national differences. As such, it connects to literature regarding the history of eugenics, race, nation, and the creation of whiteness.

  11. [Essay on the history of population policy in modern Japan. 2. Population policy on quality and quantity in National Eugenic Law (author's transl)]. (United States)

    Hirosima, K


    Following the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese war in 1937, the Japanese government established the Ministry of Health and Welfare and adopted, in 1938, the policy of population increase. The government began at once to formulate the National Eugenic Law which was promulgated in 1940 and put into force in 1941. The original draft of the law was first prepared by the members of the Imperial Diet since 1934. It included no prohibition concerning abortion or sterilization, but before the government submitted the bill to the Diet, and even after its enforcement, the restriction on birth control had gradually been strengthened. The law not only allowed sterilization to prevent reproduction of inferior descendants but prohibited sterilization and strictly limited induced abortion. At the same time, it was used as a means of strong support for the suppression of contraception. The eugenic movement did not advocate contraception as a means of eugenic control because it feared counterselection through the diffusion of contraception only among the intelligent or superior elements in the population. During the 1920s, the eugenic movement in Japan advocated contraceptives as a means of practicing eugenics, but then it adapted policies concerning population increase and assisted in the suppression of birth control. Eugenic measures became law when they were combined with a policy of population increase, and policy concerning population increase became realized as eugenic law. Many criticisms and objections were posed by the members of the Imperial Diet. Some were opposed to the principle of eugenics in the context of Shintoism. This law created tension between obstetricians and the government with regard to induced abortion. The Japanese Association of Obstetrics made the standard for medical application of induced abortion in 1943 and the government altered the judging authority from police administration to that of hygiene in 1942. The Eugenic Protection Law which was published

  12. How the Anatomische Gesellschaft excluded unwanted members after 1945-among them Eugen Fischer and Max Clara. (United States)

    Winkelmann, Andreas


    The Anatomische Gesellschaft, an international Germany-based association of anatomists, was closed down in 1945, after the end of the "Third Reich". It was eventually re-founded in 1949, continuing its tradition from its foundation in 1886, based in large part on the membership prior to 1945. Newly available archival material reveals, however, that at least six members were explicitly prevented from re-joining the society. This includes Max Clara, who was accused of plagiarism and, at least implicitly, of basing his career on Nazi party support. It also includes Eugen Fischer, a leading anthropologist of the Nazi period, who was seen to be indirectly responsible for Nazi crimes like forced sterilisation or extermination of "anthropologically defined" groups of people. Therefore, Fischer's honorary membership, which had already been published in the membership directory, was revoked after a heated internal debate. Nevertheless, these exclusions cannot be interpreted as a self-directed "denazification" of the Anatomische Gesellschaft, as political activity in line with the Nazis was not the main criterion for these exclusions. Incidentally, the archival sources also reveal that Wolfgang Bargmann, who had been elected as the first post-war secretary of the Gesellschaft in 1949, resigned from this post after only one year in office because his management of this "Fischer affair" was felt to be too autocratic. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  13. More than a Mentor: Leonard Darwin's Contribution to the Assimilation of Mendelism into Eugenics and Darwinism. (United States)

    Serpente, Norberto


    This article discusses the contribution to evolutionary theory of Leonard Darwin (1850-1943), the eighth child of Charles Darwin. By analysing the correspondence Leonard Darwin maintained with Ronald Aylmer Fisher in conjunction with an assessment of his books and other written works between the 1910s and 1930s, this article argues for a more prominent role played by him than the previously recognised in the literature as an informal mentor of Fisher. The paper discusses Leonard's efforts to amalgamate Mendelism with both Eugenics and Darwinism in order for the first to base their policies on new scientific developments and to help the second in finding a target for natural selection. Without a formal qualification in biological sciences and as such mistrusted by some "formal" scientists, Leonard Darwin engaged with key themes of Darwinism such as mimicry, the role of mutations on speciation and the process of genetic variability, arriving at important conclusions concerning the usefulness of Mendelian genetics for his father's theory.

  14. Eugen Lerchs "Wissenschaftsdiplomatie" - Eine Fallstudie zur frühen Rezeption des Strukturalismus in Deutschland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehlers, Klaas-Hinrich


    Full Text Available Still today, received wisdom has it that (with rare exceptions structuralism underwent no reception in Germany before the Second World War and especially not during the period of Nazi rule. In contrast, the present study on Eugen Lerch, a scholar of Romance languages, shows that even among German linguists who today would be considered as far removed from structuralist concerns, structuralism was on the contrary anything but unknown. In 1934, Lerch, a Vossler student, pointed out explicit connections between his own "idealistic" program of linguistic research and the international structuralist movement and emphasized points of methodology he shared in common with Saussure and later also with the Prague and Copenhagen schools of linguistics. Lerch intends his reference to structuralism to serve as argumentative backing for his own linguistic position, which he saw embattled by unceasing polemical attacks. Lerch's self-conscious and well considered "scientific diplomacy" offers clear evidence of the high degree of prestige that the international structuralist movement in linguistics enjoyed in Germany in the nineteen-thirties.

  15. A multilocus analysis provides evidence for more than one species within Eugenes fulgens (Aves: Trochilidae). (United States)

    Zamudio-Beltrán, Luz E; Hernández-Baños, Blanca E


    The status of subspecies in systematic zoology is the focus of controversy. Recent studies use DNA sequences to evaluate the status of subspecies within species complexes and to recognize and delimit species. Here, we assessed the phylogenetic relationships, the taxonomic status of the proposed subspecies, and the species limits of the monotypic hummingbird genus Eugenes (E. fulgens with traditionally recognized subspecies E. f. fulgens, E. f. viridiceps, and E. f. spectabilis), using nuclear (Beta Fibrinogen BFib, Ornithine Decarboxylase ODC, and Muscle Skeletal Receptor Tyrosine Kinase MUSK) and mitochondrial (NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 ND2, NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 ND4, and Control Region CR) markers. We performed Bayesian and Bayesian Phylogenetics and Phylogeography analyses and found genetic differences between the three groups, suggesting the existence of two cryptic species (E. fulgens and E. viridiceps) and one phenotypically differentiated species (E. spectabilis). Our analyses show that the E. viridiceps and E. fulgens groups are more closely related with one another than with E. spectabilis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Eugenia 'negativa', psiquiatria e catolicismo: embates em torno da esterilização eugênica no Brasil 'Negative' eugenics, psychiatry, and Catholicism: clashes over eugenic sterilization in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Wegner


    Full Text Available Analisa o diálogo do eugenista Renato Kehl com um grupo de psiquiatras brasileiros que, no início da década de 1930, aproximaram-se da chamada eugenia negativa. Entusiasmados com as pesquisas e a aplicação de medidas eugênicas em países como os EUA e a Alemanha, autores como Ernani Lopes, Ignácio da Cunha Lopes, Alberto Farani e Antonio Carlos Pacheco e Silva elegeram a religião católica como empecilho para que o Brasil pudesse seguir caminho semelhante, especialmente quanto à resistência à implantação da esterilização dos ditos 'degenerados' que passara a vigorar na Alemanha em 1934. O artigo mapeia as diferentes estratégias propostas pelos autores para dialogar com a Igreja católica.The article analyzes the dialogue between eugenicist Renato Kehl and a group of Brazilian psychiatrists who turned their interest to so-called negative eugenics in the early 1930s. Enthused about research into eugenics and the application of eugenic methods in countries such as the United States and Germany, authors like Ernani Lopes, Ignácio da Cunha Lopes, Alberto Farani, and Antonio Carlos Pacheco e Silva blamed Catholicism for impeding Brazil from moving in a similar direction, especially the church's resistance to the sterilization of 'degenerates', which entered into effect in Germany in 1934. The article charts the various strategies these authors proposed for engaging in dialogue with the Catholic Church.

  17. An Evil Hitherto Unchecked: Eugenics and the 1917 Ontario Royal Commission on the Care and Control of the Mentally Defective and Feeble-Minded. (United States)

    Koester, C Elizabeth


    In 1917, the Ontario government appointed the Royal Commission on the Care and Control of the Mentally Defective and Feeble-Minded, headed by Justice Frank Hodgins. Its final report made wide-ranging recommendations regarding the segregation of feeble-minded individuals, restrictions on marriage, the improvement of psychiatric facilities, and the reform of the court system, all matters of great concern to the eugenics movement. At the same time, however, it refrained from using explicitly eugenic vocabulary and ignored the question of sterilization. This article explores the role the commission played in the trajectory of eugenics in Ontario (including the province's failure to pass sterilization legislation) and considers why its recommendations were disregarded.

  18. Eugene O’Neill’s Men and Women Making Broadway Music: Stein and Russell’s Take Me Along (1959)


    Bolter, Trudy


    This paper deals with the way that some male and female characters created by Eugene O’Neill for his 1933 comedy, Ah! Wilderness, have been made to change their tune by Robert Merrill, Joseph Stein and Robert Russell, the authors of Take Me Along, their 1959 adaptation for the Broadway musical stage. The great stars of the Broadway musical comedy genre were typically women – Ethel Merman in Annie Get Your Gun (1946), Gertrude Lawrence in The King and I (1951), being classic examples. Neverthe...

  19. Nasty Nazis and Extreme Americans: Cloning, Eugenics, and the Exchange of National Signifiers in Contemporary Science Fiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Bridges


    Full Text Available This article addresses German science fiction novels from the last ten to fifteen years, specifically those that thematize cloning and/or eugenics. The main novels under discussion include Die verbesserte Frau by Barbara Kirchner , Duplik Jonas 7 by Birgit Rabisch, and Blueprint/Blaupause by Charlotte Kerner, (which was released as a film adaptation starring Franka Potente in 2004. This discussion shows how these and similar novels do or do not contend with the legacy of Nazi eugenics and reproductive experimentation, and second, how the existent historical awareness in the novels relates to the content of debates on current issues of biotechnology, including those by Jürgen Habermas, Slavoj Zizek, and Peter Sloterdijk. The article concludes by bringing these debates to bear on cultural cross-referencing in comparative examples of American texts ( Gattaca [1997] , The Island [2005] , to name two, which tend to imbue frightening aspects of reproductive technologies with signifiers of Nazism, while the German texts tend to implicate America as the future source of nightmarish reproductive possibilities.

  20. [Baltic eugenics: Bio-politics, race and nation in interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940] / Raiko Jäärats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jäärats, Raiko, 1980-


    Arvustus: Baltic eugenics: Bio-politics, race and nation in interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940 (On the boundary of two worlds. identity, fredom and moral imagination in the Baltics, 35). Hrsg. von Björn M. Felder und Paul J. Weindling. Rodopi, Amsterdam u.a. 2013

  1. [As the twig is bent, so is the tree inclined: children and the Liga Brasileira de Higiene Mental's eugenic programs]. (United States)

    Reis, J R


    Created in the early 1920s, at a moment when the country's psychiatric field was embracing the preventive outlook, the Liga Brasileira de Higiene Mental included within its members the elite of Brazilian psychiatry, along with a number of physicians and intellectuals. The article discusses the institution's proposals for intervention among children. The league ended up incorporating into its theoretical arsenal the basic themes of mental hygiene and eugenics as part of its general goal of collaborating in Brazil's process of "racial sanitation". With this objective in mind, and viewing the child as a "pre-citizen" who is a "fundamental part within the man of the future", league members included the children's issue in their projects and saw an imperative need for mental health care from early ages on.

  2. Liberation and containment: re-visualising the eugenic and evolutionary ideal of the "Fizkul'turnitsa" in 1944. (United States)

    Simpson, Pat


    In July 1944 cross-country races and parades of physical culturists were prominently used to celebrate Soviet liberation from German occupation. While journalistic accounts stressed the manly health and vigour of the victorious Red Army, press photographs in Pravda and Red Sport, and Aleksandr Deneika's monumental painting 'Liberation', emphasised images of the young female physical culturist. This essay explores what a contextualised analysis of these images may have to tell historians about the connections between women, physical culture and liberation being projected. The argument suggests that, on one level, the images straightforwardly symbolised and celebrated the liberation of the Soviet 'Motherland'. On another, more complex level, the images represented a particularly nuanced notion of constricted liberation for Soviet women deriving from 1920s eugenic and evolutionary discourse, inscribed into the contemporary imperative for engagement with physical culture as a necessary stage of healthful body discipline on the path to hygienic and successful motherhood.

  3. Fotoperiodismo y etnografía: el caso de W. Eugene Smith y su proyecto sobre Deleitosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandes, Stanley


    Full Text Available By relying on fieldwork as well as on library research, the author discusses a photographic event in the modern history of Spain that is little known by Spanish scholars: the expedition in June, 1950 of the great American photographer W. Eugene Smith and his two assistants to the village of Deleitosa, in the province of Cáceres. The author describes the methodology of Smith and his team, then analyzes the results of his work, the famous photographic documentary «A Spanish Village», published in LIFE magazine in 1951. He also assesses the social impact of this work in and out of Spain and compares the ethnographic photograph with that used in journalism.Este artículo, basado tanto en trabajo de campo como en investigación documental, trata de un episodio fotográfico en la historia española todavía poco reconocido por investigadores españoles: la expedición en junio del 1950 del gran fotógrafo estadounidense W. Eugene Smith y sus dos ayudantes al pueblo cacereño de Deleitosa. El artículo describe los métodos de trabajo de Smith y su equipo; analiza el resultado de este trabajo, es decir, el famoso ensayo fotográfico «Spanish Village», publicado en la revista Life en 1951; mide el impacto social de Smith dentro y fuera de España; y compara la fotografía etnográfica con la periodística.

  4. Género, cuerpo, gimnasia y sexualidad en los manuales educacionales higienistas y eugenésicos en Chile, 1870-1938

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Durán Sandoval


    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda la conformación de un discurso eugenésico positivo heredero de las teorías higienistas ambientalistas y raciales de finales del siglo XIX. Esta tendencia se consolidó entre 1925 a 1938 con la conformación de una estructura institucional y programas de corte social con fuertes matices eugenésicos positivos, considerando el cuerpo y el “carácter” de la juventud como amalgama de la nación.En este contexto se desarrollaron desde fines del siglo XIX tentativas por constituir una medicina pública que propulsara un programa de educación y preservación de la juventud. Estas iniciativas de corte ambientalista pretendían potenciar las aptitudes física y morales de los jóvenes mediante planes de alimentación, higiene y gimnasia

  5. Variance of the SGK1 gene is associated with insulin secretion in different European populations: results from the TUEF, EUGENE2, and METSIM studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friedrich, Björn; Weyrich, Peter; Stancáková, Alena


    gene (SGK) variations and insulin secretion traits. The German TUEF project provided the screening population (N = 725), and four tagging SNPs (rs1763527, rs1743966, rs1057293, rs9402571) were investigated. EUGENE2 (N = 827) served as a replication cohort for the detected associations. Finally...... secretion only remained significant in lean TUEF participants (BMIEUGENE2 rs9402571 minor allele carriers, who had a significantly higher AUC(Ins)/AUC(Glc) (TT: 226+/-7, XG: 246+/-9; p = 0.019). Accordingly, the METSIM trial revealed a lower prevalence of type...... 2 diabetes (OR: 0.85; 95%CI: 0.71-1.01; p = 0.065, dominant model) in rs9402571 minor allele carriers. CONCLUSIONS: The rs9402571 SGK genotype associates with increased insulin secretion in lean non-diabetic TUEF/EUGENE2 participants and with lower diabetes prevalence in METSIM. Our study in three...

  6. A hidden history: A survey of the teaching of eugenics in health, social care and pedagogical education and training courses in Europe. (United States)

    Atherton, H L; Steels, S L


    Knowledge and understanding of how eugenics has historically affected the lives of people with intellectual disabilities is vital if professionals are to mount an effective defence against its contemporary influences. An online survey of European providers of health, social care and pedagogical education and training courses was undertaken to find out how the history of eugenics is taught to those wishing to work in services for people with intellectual disabilities. Two hundred and six educational providers were contacted with a response rate of 35.9% (n = 74). Findings showed that the majority of educational providers recognize the importance of including the history of eugenics in their courses, although fewer feel confident that it is sufficiently well covered to prepare future professionals for their role as protector. Course content differs on both the emphasis given to the different components of this history, time dedicated to its delivery and the extent to which it is used to inform legal and ethical debate. Specific recommendations for developing the way in which this subject area is taught are outlined. © The Author(s) 2015.

  7. Luis Huerta: eugenesia, medicina y pedagogía en España Luis Huerta: Eugenics, Medicine and Pedagogy in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel LÁZARO LORENTE


    Full Text Available En contraste con lo observable en la historiografía de otros países europeos y anglosajones, el estudio de la introducción y difusión de los principios y prácticas de la Eugenesia, como tema de investigación, no ha contado en España con muchos cultivadores. Menos todavía han sido objeto de estudio las relaciones del pensamiento eugénico con el ámbito pedagógico para indagar la recepción que tiene entre el Magisterio, y conocer el conjunto de reacciones que provoca, así como la participación de los maestros en la potencial difusión de sus planteamientos. Se aborda aquí una aproximación a ese tema centrando el análisis en las relaciones que en la España del primer tercio del siglo XX se establecen entre Medicina, Pedagogía y Eugenesia. Para ello tomamos como referente e hilo conductor la figura y el pensamiento del maestro asturiano Luis Huerta Naves, decidido impulsor y propagandista incansable de la Eugenesia en nuestro país.By comparison with the historiography of other European and Anglo-Saxon countries, the study of the origins and spread of Eugenics in Spain has not received much attention. Even less research has been done on the degree of acceptance of eugenic thought in the pedagogical domain or on the role teachers may have in the diffusion of eugenics. This paper attempts to explore the subject while focusing the analysis on the relations that were established among Medicine, Pedagogy and Eugenics in Spain during the first third of the 20th century. We will take as a point of reference and guiding line of thought the figure of the Asturian teacher Luis Huerta Naves, who was the driving force and tireless advocate of the eugenics movement in our country.

  8. Prostitutes and criminals: beginnings of eugenics in Croatia in the works of Fran Gundrum from Oriovac (1856-1919) (United States)

    Kuhar, Martin; Fatović-Ferenčić, Stella


    Fran Gundrum (1856-1919) was a Croatian physician, encyclopedist, and an advocate of medical enlightenment and healthy lifestyle. In order to identify and analyze Gundrum’s ideas about the problems of prostitution and criminality, we studied all of his books, booklets, and articles published between 1905 and 1914. We showed that Gundrum’s theories of heredity, morality, and sexual hygiene incorporated many of the important discussions of his time, especially those related to the Darwinian paradigm. Gundrum’s project of collecting statistics on prostitutes was the first such study published on the territory of today's Croatia. Although he rejected the notions of born prostitutes and born criminals, defended by Italian criminal anthropologist Cesare Lombroso, he still regarded eugenics as a convenient method of dealing with the ills of society. He believed that criminals were degenerate individuals representing a violent threat to the society and that it was legitimate to use radical means, such as sterilization and deportation, to deal with this problem. Organicistic view of the society prevented him from seeing the individual rights as important as that of the society to protect itself. Nevertheless, this view led to many humanistic ideas, such as the binomial illness/poverty in case of prostitution, which influenced many prominent works of social medicine movement. PMID:22522997

  9. On the concept of eugenics: preliminaries to a critical appraisal Sobre o conceito de eugenia: preliminares à uma avaliação crítica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demetrio Neri


    Full Text Available This paper's main issue is linked to what can be foreseen as the increasing capability of medical genetics to modify the genetic composition of the human species through direct interventions in the human genome for medical and non-medical purposes, i.e., the 'risk' of a resurgence of eugenics. In current discussions on the topic (briefly presented in the first section, the 'phantom of eugenics' is raised several times, but there is a great deal of confusion on what counts as eugenics, partly because of broad conceptual disagreement over the notion itself. Furthermore, according to some scholars there is no hope of overcoming this unsatisfactory conceptual uncertainty. Partly challenging this opinion, the second and third sections of this paper attempt to identify some basic features which could be seen as intrinsically linked to the notion of eugenics, with the aim of reducing the range of conceptual disagreement as a preliminary step in bringing into focus what exactly is wrong with practicing eugenics. The subsequent sections deal with the substantive issue of whether or not to practice eugenics from the point of view of the interest of future generations in the human species' genetic composition. The main moral arguments for and against eugenics are examined from the point of view of our obligations towards future generations, and the conclusion is in favor of a cautious 'open-door' position.O ponto principal desse artigo está vinculado ao que pode ser antevisto como a crescente capacidade da genética médica de modificar a espécie humana por meio de intervenções diretas no genoma humano com propósitos médicos e não médicos, isto é, o risco do ressurgimento da eugenia. Nas atuais discussões sobre o tópico, o fantasma da eugenia é levantado diversas vezes, mas há grande confusão no que se refere ao que é considerado como eugenia, particularmente em razão da ampla discordância sobre a noção em si. Procura-se identificar

  10. Eugenics ideals, racial hygiene, and the emigration process of German-American neurogeneticist Franz Josef Kallmann (1897-1965). (United States)

    Pow, Stephen; Stahnisch, Frank W


    Biological psychiatry in the early twentieth century was based on interrelated disciplines, such as neurology and experimental biology. Neuropsychiatrist Franz Josef Kallmann (1897-1965) was a product of this interdisciplinary background who showed an ability to adapt to different scientific contexts, first in the field of neuromorphology in Berlin, and later in New York. Nonetheless, having innovative ideas, as Kallmann did, could be an ambiguous advantage, since they could lead to incommensurable scientific views and marginalization in existing research programs. Kallmann followed his Dr. Med. degree (1919) with training periods at the Charité Medical School in Berlin under psychiatrist Karl Bonhoeffer (1868-1948). Subsequently, he collaborated with Ernst Ruedin (1874-1952), investigating sibling inheritance of schizophrenia and becoming a protagonist of genetic research on psychiatric conditions. In 1936, Kallmann was forced to immigrate to the USA where he published The Genetics of Schizophrenia (1938), based on data he had gathered from the district pathological institutes of Berlin's public health department. Kallmann resumed his role as an international player in biological psychiatry and genetics, becoming president (1952) of the American Society of Human Genetics and Director of the New York State Psychiatric Institute in 1955. While his work was well received by geneticists, the idea of genetic differences barely took hold in American psychiatry, largely because of émigré psychoanalysts who dominated American clinical psychiatry until the 1960s and established a philosophical direction in which genetics played no significant role, being regarded as dangerous in light of Nazi medical atrocities. After all, medical scientists in Nazi Germany had been among the social protagonists of racial hygiene which, under the aegis of Nazi philosophies, replaced medical genetics as the basis for the ideals and application of eugenics.

  11. Eugenia negativa e positiva: significados e contradições Eugenesia negativa y positiva: significados y contradicciones Negative and positive eugenics: meanings and contradictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Denise Mai


    Full Text Available A prática da eugenia constitui importante tema de debate associado aos atuais avanços biogenéticos. Considerando que a centralidade da eugenia é a preocupação com a saúde e constituição das futuras gerações, e que a utilização de meios e conhecimentos científicos em prol do nascimento de uma criança física e mentalmente saudável pode ser considerada uma ação eugênica, pretende-se, nesse texto, analisar significados e contradições das ações eugenistas negativas e positivas, construídos concomitantes aos avanços técnico-científicos do século XX. Conclui-se que os significados transitam, respectivamente, em torno de limitar ou estimular a reprodução humana, no início do século, até prevenir doenças ou melhorar características físicas e mentais, na atualidade. Implementando ações, produziram-se contradições, como a discriminação e eliminação de muitas pessoas frente a um ideal de homem, à biologização de fatores eminentemente sociais, à defesa da pretensa neutralidade científica e ao uso indiscriminado do direito de escolha reprodutiva.La práctica de la eugenesia es un importante tema de debate, ligado a los avances biogenéticos actuales. Considerando que la cuestión central de la eugenesia es la preocupación con la salud y la constitución de las futuras generaciones y que la utilización de medios y conocimientos científicos en función del nacimiento de un niño física y mentalmente saludable puede ser considerada una acción eugenésica, en este texto se pretende analizar los significados y contradicciones de las acciones eugenésicas negativas y positivas, construidos concomitantes a los avances técnico-científicos del siglo XX. Se concluye que los significados giran, respectivamente, en torno de limitar o estimular la reproducción humana, al comienzo del siglo, hasta prevenir enfermedades o mejorar características físicas y mentales, en la actualidad. Implementando acciones, se

  12. Electra sob as luzes da ribalta: ação e ethos trágico em Mourning Becomes Electra, de Eugene O'Neill


    Sousa, Alexandre de Albuquerque


    Esta pesquisa tem por objetivo analisar a ação dramática e o ethos trágico dos personagens na trilogia Mourning Becomes Electra, tendo como foco a protagonista Lavínia Mannon. Escrita pelo dramaturgo norte-americano Eugene O Neill e encenada, pela primeira vez, em 1931, a trilogia escolhida como corpus desta pesquisa constitui-se uma releitura da Oréstia, de Ésquilo, cujo enredo apresenta uma apropriação do mito dos Atridas, família cuja história é marcada por crimes de ódio e ...

  13. ["A decision meaning a new foundation...": from the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Genetics and Eugenics to the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics]. (United States)

    Sachse, Carola


    The Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics (MPIMG) in Berlin-Dahlem dates its establishment to 1964. Its homepage makes no mention of its predecessor institutes, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Genetics and Eugenics (KWIA) and the subsequent MPI for Comparative Genetics and Hereditary Pathology (MPIVEE). This article traces the two critical phases of transition regarding the constellations of academic staff, institutional and epistemic ruptures and continuities specific to the era. Only one of the five department heads from the final war years, Hans Nachtsheim, remained a researcher within the Max Planck Society (MPG); he nevertheless continued to advocate the pre-war and wartime eugenic agenda in the life sciences and social policy. The generational change of 1959/60 became a massive struggle within the institute, in which microbial genetics (with Fritz Kaudewitz) was pitted against human genetics (with Friedrich Vogel) and managed to establish itself after a fresh change in personnel in 1964/65. For the Dahlem institute, this involved a far-reaching reorientation of its research, but for the genetically oriented life sciences in the Max Planck Society as a whole it only meant that molecular biology, which was already being pursued in the West German institutes, gained an additional facility. With this realignment of research traditions, the Society was able to draw a line under the Nazi past without having to address it head-on.

  14. Ernst Rüdin's Unpublished 1922-1925 Study "Inheritance of Manic-Depressive Insanity": Genetic Research Findings Subordinated to Eugenic Ideology.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gundula Kösters


    Full Text Available In the early 20th century, there were few therapeutic options for mental illness and asylum numbers were rising. This pessimistic outlook favoured the rise of the eugenics movement. Heredity was assumed to be the principal cause of mental illness. Politicians, scientists and clinicians in North America and Europe called for compulsory sterilisation of the mentally ill. Psychiatric genetic research aimed to prove a Mendelian mode of inheritance as a scientific justification for these measures. Ernst Rüdin's seminal 1916 epidemiological study on inheritance of dementia praecox featured large, systematically ascertained samples and statistical analyses. Rüdin's 1922-1925 study on the inheritance of "manic-depressive insanity" was completed in manuscript form, but never published. It failed to prove a pattern of Mendelian inheritance, counter to the tenets of eugenics of which Rüdin was a prominent proponent. It appears he withheld the study from publication, unable to reconcile this contradiction, thus subordinating his carefully derived scientific findings to his ideological preoccupations. Instead, Rüdin continued to promote prevention of assumed hereditary mental illnesses by prohibition of marriage or sterilisation and was influential in the introduction by the National Socialist regime of the 1933 "Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring" (Gesetz zur Verhütung erbkranken Nachwuchses.

  15. Eugene de Kock

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8 Apr 2016 ... filosoof Hannah Arendt het die verhoor bygewoon en die welbekende frase aangaande “the banality of evil” gebruik om Eichmann te beskryf. Die vergelyking tussen De Kock en Eichmann is nie soseer oor hul dade nie eerder as oor die publieke persepsies van die misdadiger self: De. Kock was soos ...

  16. Eugenesia: Un análisis histórico y una posible propuesta Eugenia: Uma análise histórica e uma possível proposta Eugenics: A historical analysis and a possible proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiola Villela Cortés


    Full Text Available La eugenesia es un tema abordado, entre otros, por historiadores, filósofos, médicos, bioeticistas, por distintas razones. La idea de mejorar la raza humana siempre ha estado presente en la historia de la civilización, también han sido objeto de comentarios el intento de consolidarla como una ciencia, la presencia de movimientos eugenésicos en varios países del mundo, el holocausto nazi y, finalmente, el resurgimiento de la eugenesia a raíz de la decodificación del genoma humano. Nuestro objetivo es dar un repaso por los movimientos eugenésicos que tuvieron lugar a mediados del siglo XX, el resurgimiento de la eugenesia y los adelantos con los que contamos actualmente.A eugenia é um tema abordado, entre outros, por historiadores, filósofos, médicos, bioeticistas, e por diferentes razões. A ideia de melhorar a raça humana sempre tem estado presente na história da civilização. Também tem sido objeto de comentários a intenção de consolidá-la como uma ciência a presença de movimentos eugênicos em vários países do mundo, o holocausto nazista e, finalmente, o ressurgimento da eugenia na raíz da decodificação do genoma humano. Nosso objetivo é dar um repasso pelos movimentos eugênicos que tiveram lugar em meados do século XX, o ressurgimento da eugenia e os avanços com os quais contamos atualmente.Eugenics is a topic treated for several reasons by, among others, historians, philosophers, physicians, bioethicists. The idea to improve human race always has been present in the history of civilization, to try to consolidate it as a science also has been the object of commentaries, the presence of eugenic organizations in several countries, the nazi holocaust and finally, the eugenic resurgence since the human genome sequencing. Our objective is to review eugenic movements in the mid twentieth century, eugenic resurgence and current advancements.

  17. Practical animal breeding as the key to an integrated view of genetics, eugenics and evolutionary theory: Arend L. Hagedoorn (1885-1953). (United States)

    Theunissen, Bert


    In the history of genetics Arend Hagedoorn (1885-1953) is mainly known for the 'Hagedoorn effect', which states that part of the changes in variability that populations undergo over time are due to chance effects. Leaving this contribution aside, Hagedoorn's work has received scarcely any attention from historians. This is mainly due to the fact that Hagedoorn was an expert in animal breeding, a field that historians have only recently begun to explore. His work provides an example of how a prominent geneticist envisaged animal breeding to be reformed by the new science of heredity. Hagedoorn, a pupil of Hugo de Vries, tried to integrate his insights as a Mendelian geneticist and an animal breeding expert in a unified view of heredity, eugenics and evolution. In this paper I aim to elucidate how these fields were connected in Hagedoorn's work. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. The Eugen Seibold coral mounds offshore western Morocco: oceanographic and bathymetric steering of a newly discovered cold-water coral province (United States)

    Glogowski, Silke; Dullo, Christian; Flögel, Sascha; Feldens, Peter; Hühnerbach, Veit; von Reumont, Jonas; Krastel, Sebastian; Wynn, Russ B.; Liebetrau, Volker


    province is here named the Eugen Seibold coral mounds in honour of the pioneering marine geologist Eugen Seibold (1918-2013).

  19. Eugenia e Fundação Rockefeller no Brasil: a saúde como proposta de regeneração nacional Eugenics and the Rockefeller Foundation in Brazil: health as an instrument of national regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabete Kobayashi


    Full Text Available Nas primeiras décadas do século XX, a Fundação Rockefeller atuou de modo decisivo na implementação de ações voltadas para a saúde pública no Brasil, especialmente naquilo denominado de movimento sanitarista. Nesse mesmo período, a eugenia brasileira era equivalente ao sanitarismo, onde defendia-se a máxima de que "sanear era eugenizar". Vários trabalhos discutem o movimento sanitário, a questão da saúde pública no Brasil, a Fundação Rockefeller, a eugenia e seus ativistas. Entretanto, é escassa a discussão a respeito da Rockefeller e o movimento eugenista brasileiro. É necessário alertar que embora nos deparemos com questões ligadas à raça, teorias sobre genética ou evolução, este trabalho não tem como objetivo analisar tais assuntos com profundidade. O que buscamos construir foi o cenário no qual a eugenia de maneira geral, e a brasileira, especificamente, se desenrolou trazendo à tona as posturas de alguns eugenistas brasileiros.In the first decades of the twentieth century, the work of the Rockefeller Foundation was decisive for the implementation of public health initiatives in Brazil, especially in the so-called public health movement. At that time, Brazilian eugenics was the same as public health, as expressed in the maxim "to sanitize is to eugenize". There are several studies discussing the public health movement, the issue of public health in Brazil, the Rockefeller Foundation, eugenics and its supporters. However, there is little discussion on the relationship between the Rockefeller Foundation and the Brazilian eugenics movement. It is worth to mention that although there are issues related to race, and theories on genetics and evolution, this work does not intend to examine these issues in depth. The aim was to recreate the scenario in which eugenics in general, and particularly in the Brazilian case, was developed, exposing the positions of some of the Brazilian eugenicists.

  20. Human genetics and politics as mutually beneficial resources: The case of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics during the Third Reich. (United States)

    Weiss, Sheila Faith


    This essay analyzes one of Germany's former premier research institutions for biomedical research, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics (KWIA) as a test case for the way in which politics and human heredity served as resources for each other during the Third Reich. Examining the KWIA from this perspective brings us a step closer to answering the questions at the heart of most recent scholarship concerning the biomedical community under the swastika: (1) How do we explain why the vast majority of German human geneticists and eugenicists were willing to work for the National Socialist state and, at the very least, legitimized its exterminationist racial policy; and (2) what accounts for at least some of Germany's most renowned medically trained professionals' involvement in forms of morally compromised science that wholly transcend the bounds of normal scientific practice? Although a complete answer to this question must await an examination of other German biological research centers, the present study suggests that during the Nazi period the symbiotic relationship between human genetics and politics served to radicalize both. The dynamic between the science of human heredity and Nazi politics changed the research practice of some of the biomedical sciences housed at the KWIA. It also simultaneously made it easier for the Nazi state to carry out its barbaric racial program leading, finally, to the extermination of millions of so-called racial undesirables.

  1. Evaluation of Passive Samplers for Long-Term Monitoring of Organic Compounds in the Untreated Drinking Water Supply for the City of Eugene, Oregon, September-October 2007 (United States)

    McCarthy, Kathleen A.; Alvarez, David A.; Anderson, Chauncey W.; Cranor, Walter L.; Perkins, Stephanie D.; Schroeder, Vickie


    Two types of passive samplers, polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) and semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs), were deployed at three sites in the McKenzie River basin during September-October 2007. The McKenzie River is the source of drinking water for the city of Eugene, Oregon, and the work presented here was designed to evaluate the use of POCIS and SMPDs as part of a long-term monitoring plan for the river. Various compounds were detected in extracts from the POCIS and SPMDs, indicating that some compounds of concern are present in the McKenzie River basin, including the intake for the drinking water plant. However, most concentrations were near the quantitation limits of the analytical methods used - generally at subnanogram per liter concentrations - and would not have been detectable with conventional water sampling and analysis methods. These results indicate that both POCIS and SPMDs are well suited to monitor organic compounds in the McKenzie River basin.

  2. The social and economic origins of genetic determinism: a case history of the American Eugenics Movement, 1900-1940 and its lessons for today. (United States)

    Allen, G E


    Eugenics, the attempt to improve the genetic quality of the human species by 'better breeding', developed as a worldwide movement between 1900 and 1940. It was particularly prominent in the United States, Britain and Germany, and in those countries was based on the then-new science of Mendelian genetics. Eugenicists developed research programs to determine the degree in which traits such as Huntington's chorea, blindness, deafness, mental retardation (feeblemindedness), intelligence, alcoholism, schizophrenia, manic depression, rebelliousness, nomadism, prostitution and feeble inhibition were genetically determined. Eugenicists were also active in the political arena, lobbying in the United States for immigration restriction and compulsory sterilization laws for those deemed genetically unfit; in Britain they lobbied for incarceration of genetically unfit and in Germany for sterilization and eventually euthanasia. In all these countries one of the major arguments was that of efficiency: that it was inefficient to allow genetic defects to be multiplied and then have to try and deal with the consequences of state care for the offspring. National socialists called genetically defective individuals 'useless eaters' and argued for sterilization or euthanasia on economic grounds. Similar arguments appeared in the United States and Britain as well. At the present time (1997) much research and publicity is being given to claims about a genetic basis for all the same behaviors (alcoholism, manic depression, etc.), again in an economic context--care for people with such diseases is costing too much. There is an important lesson to learn from the past: genetic arguments are put forward to mask the true--social and economic--causes of human behavioral defects.

  3. Saúde coletiva, nova genética e a eugenia de mercado Collective health, the new genetics, and market eugenics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Cabral de Almeida Cardoso


    Full Text Available Com os constantes avanços das técnicas de manipulação genética, o campo da saúde coletiva passou a lidar com a possibilidade de surgimento de uma ênfase genômica reducionista, para além das influências sócio-culturais. Nestas circunstâncias, o foco principal das intervenções em saúde coletiva voltar-se-ia para a abordagem genômica de "indivíduos" e suas "famílias" em detrimento de seu consagrado objeto - "populações". Assim, seria deslocada a prioridade central dos esforços (e recursos para reduzir o adoecimento em função das desigualdades sócio-econômicas. Ao lado dos benefícios dos conhecimentos genéticos, há a possibilidade de surgimento de novas práticas eugênicas a partir da disponibilização de testagens genéticas no mercado, com vistas à aquisição pelos indivíduos interessados, desde que estes sejam capazes de atuarem como respectivos agentes de consumo.Due to constant advances in genetic manipulation, the field of public health is faced with the possible emergence of a reductionist genomic emphasis, beyond socio-cultural influences. Under such circumstances, the main focus of public health interventions would shift towards a genomic approach to "individuals" and their "families", to the detriment of their consecrated object - "populations", thereby moving away from the current central priority of efforts (and resources aimed at reducing ill-health due to socioeconomic inequalities. Even admitting the benefits of genetic knowledge, a new eugenic practice may emerge from the availability of genetic tests on the marketplace aimed at individuals that can afford to consume them.

  4. Arquivo de Antropologia Física do Museu Nacional: fontes para a história da eugenia no Brasil The National Museum's physical anthropology archive: sources on the history of eugenics in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanderlei Sebastião de Souza


    Full Text Available Apresenta um conjunto de fontes documentais que integram o Arquivo de Antropologia Física, de responsabilidade do Setor de Antropologia Biológica do Museu Nacional/UFRJ. O arquivo contém importante documentação sobre o Primeiro Congresso Brasileiro de Eugenia, realizado em 1929, no Rio de Janeiro, em comemoração ao centenário da Academia Nacional de Medicina. Além de originais dos trabalhos apresentados no evento - alguns inéditos -, constam também nesse arquivo documentos reunidos pela secretaria do Congresso, como convocações para a sua realização, ficha dos inscritos, correspondências, recortes de jornais e revistas com artigos sobre eugenia, bem como moções, relatórios e atas finais, constituindo acervo fundamental para a compreensão da história da eugenia no Brasil.The article presents a set of documental sources that are part of the physical anthropology archive administered by the National Museum's biological anthropology sector (UFRJ. The archive holds important documentation on the first Brazilian congress of eugenics, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1929, in celebration of the National Academy of Medicine centennial. In addition to the originals of papers presented at the event (some unpublished, the archive also contains a series of documents compiled by the congress organizers, including announcements of the event, attendee registrations, correspondence, newspaper and magazine clippings of articles on eugenics, as well as motions, reports, and final minutes, all of which makes this collection invaluable in understanding the history of eugenics in Brazil.

  5. Educar para regenerar e selecionar. Convergências entre os ideários eugênico e educacional no Brasil Educating to regenerate and select. Convergences between the eugenic and educational principles in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Cândida Ellero Gualtieri


    Full Text Available O artigo discute algumas convergências entre o pensamento eugenista e o pensamento pedagógico brasileiro do início do século 20. O ideário eugênico incluía a convicção de que diferenças individuais eram biologicamente determinadas e isso foi considerado um avanço por educadores como Fernando de Azevedo (1894-1974, membro da Sociedade Eugênica de São Paulo (1918-1919, pois, nessa perspectiva, todo indivíduo teria o direito a ser educado e regenerado até onde suas “aptidões permitissem”. A educação deixaria de ser privilégio de condição social para constituir “direito biológico”, propiciando a seleção “dos mais bem-sucedidos” e a construção da “hierarquia das capacidades”. Esse entendimento evoca o que Michel Foucault denominou “biopoder” – um modo de tratar os fenômenos coletivos como problema biológico e político – para cuidar do “homem-espécie” e não apenas do indivíduo, garantindo normas capazes de distribuir os indivíduos em um “domínio de valor e utilidade” e instalando mecanismos para qualificar e hierarquizar populações. Muitas dessas questões permanecem no debate educacional contemporâneo. Palavras-chave: Eugenia. Biopoder. Seleção. Regeneração. Educação eugênica. This article discusses convergences between eugenics and the Brazilian pedagogic educational principles in the beginning of the 20th century. The eugenical ideal stated that individual differences were biologically determined and this conception was considered a progressive idea by educators like Fernando de Azevedo (1894-1974 who belonged to the Eugenics Society of Sao Paulo (1918-1919. In this perspective, every individual was entitled to being educated as well as regenerated according to his abilities and this meant that education wouldn’t be treated as a privilege of the social high classes anymore. Such understanding evokes what Michel Foucault named “biopower” – a way to control an

  6. Inovação e concorrência em serviços de informação acadêmica: de Eugene Garfield ao google scholarInovation and competition in scholar information services: from Eugene Garfield to google scholar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Beira


    Full Text Available Discutem-se os processos de inovação envolvidos, desde a luta empreendedora de Eugene Garfield e do ISI Institute for Scientific Information nos últimos 40 anos até meados dos anos 90, e as mudanças que a entrada do Google Scholar tem provocado com o seu modelo de negócio baseado num mecanismo de inovação disruptiva. Os processos de inovação envolvidos são discutidos com base em modelos sociais de inovação empresarial. Apresenta‑se evidência empírica comparando resultados de procuras no ISI/WoS e no Google Scholar, que mostram o efeito de legacy da arquitectura de dados do ISI/WoS e que mostram que nenhum deles é perfeito. Ambos subestimam o número real de citações, e, para os casos apresentados, as citações únicas das duas origens são dominantes. Discute-se o significado das actuais “guerras das citações” como uma continuação das anteriores “guerras das ciências” e como uma continuação da permanente procura do significado e fundamento para o conhecimento científico e para a actividade académica. Argumentamos que o modelo aberto e dinâmico do Google Scholar é muito mais coerente com a realidade, e permite uma visão mais completa dos múltiplos processos envolvidos na actividade científica e académica – algo que tem importantes implicações sobre as políticas para o sector.During last forty years scholarly information services developed from near non existence to a significant business with deep implications in the management of science and academic institutions. We discuss the innovative business struggle of Eugene Garfield and ISI Institute for Scientific Information until mid 90's, and the changes after the Google Scholar entered the market with an highly disruptive business model. The processes are discussed in the context of social frameworks for business innovation. Changes in the market during last decade are analysed and the implications for future are explored. Empirical data is

  7. Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Residential Downlights and Undercabinet Lights in the Lane County Tour of Homes, Eugene, Oregon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ton, My K.; Richman, Eric E.; Gilbride, Theresa L.


    In August 2008 the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted a light emitting diode (LED) residential lighting demonstration project for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Building Technologies, as part of DOE’s Solid State Lighting (SSL) Technology Demonstration Gateway Program. Two lighting technologies, an LED replacement for downlight lamps (bulbs) and an LED undercabinet lighting fixture, were tested in the demonstration which was conducted in two homes built for the 2008 Tour of Homes in Eugene, Oregon. The homes were built by the Lane County Home Builders Association (HBA), and Future B Homes. The Energy Trust of Oregon (ETO) also participated in the demonstration project. The LED downlight product, the LR6, made by Cree LED Lighting Solutions acts as a screw-in replacement for incandescent and halogen bulbs in recessed can downlights. The second product tested is Phillips/Color Kinetics’ eW® Profile Powercore undercabinet fixture designed to mount under kitchen cabinets to illuminate the countertop and backsplash surfaces. Quantitative and qualitative measurements of light performance and electrical power usage were taken at each site before and after initially installed halogen and incandescent lamps were replaced with the LED products. Energy savings and simple paybacks were also calculated and builders who toured the homes were surveyed for their responses to the LED products. The LED downlight product drew 12 Watts of power, cutting energy use by 82% compared to the 65W incandescent lamp and by 84% compared to the 75W halogen lamp. The LED undercabinet fixture drew 10 watts, cutting energy use by 83% to 90% compared to the halogen product, which was tested at two power settings: a low power 60W setting and a high power 105W setting. The LED downlight consistently provided more light than the halogen and incandescent lamps in horizontal measurements at counter height and floor level. It also outperformed in vertical

  8. Etica do discurso e eugenia liberal: Jürgen Habermas e o futuro da natureza humana | The ethics of discourse and liberal eugenics: Jürgen Habermas and the future of human nature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aécio Amaral


    Full Text Available Resumo Em O Futuro da Natureza Humana, Jürgen Habermas afirma que os avanços recentes no campo das biotecnologias constituem um desafio para a ética do discurso nas Ciências Sociais. Por trás de sua crítica aos defensores da eugenia liberal reside o reconhecimento de que o Diagnóstico Genético Pré-Implantação potencialmente põe em cheque o papel exercido pela razão comunicativa na constituição de uma ética individual de auto-compreensão. A ‘ética da espécie’ proposta por Habermas como contraposição a esse fenômeno se nos apresenta como moralmente reativa, na medida em que sua crítica não alcança abarcar os aspectos metafísicos que estão no núcleo do discurso da eugenia liberal. O artigo é dividido em dois momentos: perceber como a recente intervenção de Habermas ecoa o motivo da alegada colonização do mundo-da-vida pela razão tecnológica, e demonstrar como a concepção de técnica que embasa seu relato o impede de divisar a crítica dos aspectos metafísicos da cultura genética contemporânea. Palavras-chave Jürgen Habermas; cultura genética; sociedade da informação; ciência e mundo-da-vida; ética do discurso Abstract In The Future of Human Nature, Jürgen Habermas recognizes that current advances in biotechnology are challenging discourse ethics in Social Sciences. Behind his fear of the possibility of liberal eugenics, lies the recognition that pre-implanted genetic diagnosis potentially puts into question the role played by communicative reason in the constitution of the individual’s ethics of self-understanding. The ethics of species proposed by Habermas sounds morally reactive, insofar as his critique does not manage to encompass the metaphysical features which are at the core of liberal eugenics discourse. This paper is divided into two moments: the current echoing in Habermas’ work of the motif of the alleged colonization of the lifeworld by technological reason, and a demonstration of

  9. L’influence de l’eugénisme galtonien dans la pensée de Joseph Alois Schumpeter The Influence of Eugenics in Joseph Alois Schumpeter’s theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrice Dannequin


    Full Text Available Dans sa théorie du capitalisme, Joseph Alois Schumpeter mobilise l’eugénique, notamment les travaux de Francis Galton. Ce dernier a élaboré une vision hiérarchisée et héréditariste des hommes. Il l’a notamment appliquée à la question de la pauvreté en reprenant les données empiriques de Charles Booth. Schumpeter reprend ces éléments comme socle de l’explication de l’inégalité sociale et dans la construction de sa théorie de l’entrepreneuriat. Les entrepreneurs constituent une élite se démarquant de la masse, en engendrant l’évolution de la société du fait de leurs talents innés. Le capitalisme ne peut déboucher sur la disparition totale de la pauvreté. En effet, les individus biologiquement moins « dotés » sont condamnés à rester au bas de l’échelle sociale.In his theory about capitalism, Joseph Alois Schumpeter uses eugenics, and especially Francis Galton’s work. The former has conceived a hierarchized vision of society, and a hereditary vision of the transmission of talents. He notably applied it to the question of poverty by using Charles Booth’s empirical data. Schumpeter uses these elements both as an explanation of social inequality and as a basis of his theory of entrepreneurship. To him, the entrepreneurs are an elite standing out against the masses since they have the innate talents to generate evolution. Capitalism cannot totally eradicate poverty. Indeed, the least biologically gifted are bound to remain at the bottom of the social ladder.

  10. Liberal eugenics and human nature. Against Habermas. (United States)

    Fenton, Elizabeth


    In the course of developing his arguments against making genetic enhancements to one's children, Habermas assumes that a clear line can be drawn between the natural and the manufactured. But given the current state of medical science, this is precisely what we can no longer take for granted.

  11. Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options? (United States)

    Baird, Stephen L.


    "Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced…

  12. Eugene Paul Wigner – A Tribute*

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    citizenship very seriously,and played a very active role in public a®airs and m at- ters ofgovernm ent policy. .... argum ent in transport theory to the design ofalum inium fuelelem ents!' W igner's ¯rst im portant w ork in .... m entum addition theorem , the concept of tensor operators, the W igner{E ckart theorem for their m atrix ...

  13. The Years of Dr. Robert Eugene Marshak (United States)

    Mo, Luke W.

    I am honored and privileged to make a brief statement in memory of Dr. Marshak's distinguished achievement in science, his kindness and great humanity. I will concentrate on the part of his career at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University …

  14. Aldrin, Edwin Eugene, Jr [`Buzz'] (1930-) (United States)

    Murdin, P.


    Astronaut, born in Montclair, NJ, trained as a fighter pilot (Korean War), he space-walked during the Gemini 12 mission, and was pilot of the lunar module of Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing. Aldrin followed NEIL ARMSTRONG as the second man to walk on the Moon....

  15. Poliitiline monopol vajab reformimist / Eugen Veges

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veges, Eugen, 1955-


    Ilmunud ka: Sakala 24. sept. lk. 2, Nädaline 25. sept. lk. 4. Autori sõnul seisavad Eesti parteid rahvast kaugel, muuta tuleks erakondade rahastamissüsteemi ning rahvas peaks avalikult rääkima ühiskonnakorralduse puudustest

  16. Obituary: Ronald Eugene Pitts, 1949-2008 (United States)

    MacConnell, D. Jack


    Ronald Pitts, systems engineer in the Commanding Branch of the Space Telescope Science Institute and long-time Computer Sciences Corporation employee, died suddenly of a stroke on 4 May 2008 at his home in Laurel, Maryland. He was a dedicated scientist-engineer, husband, father, volunteer, and cherished friend to many. Ron was born on 19 January 1949 in Tucson, Arizona, and was raised, along with his sister Suzanne, on his parents' turkey farm outside Tucson. He picked up practical knowledge from his father, Vernon, and became a competent amateur electrician and plumber, skills he kept honed and used throughout his life. His mother, Ruth (Stephens), was a nurse and taught him compassion and patience and encouraged his inquisitive mind. Ron attended public schools and enrolled at the University of Arizona, graduating with a B. S. in Astronomy in 1971. Being from a family of modest means, he put himself through school working summers and part-time at a large copper mine south of town. Ron enrolled in the graduate astronomy program at the Ohio State University [OSU] in the fall of 1971 where he was a first-year fellowship student. During his second and third years, he was the Perkins Assistant, taking spectra for the very exacting but appreciative Philip Keenan who once remarked to another faculty member that Ron was the best observer he ever had. Later, in 1980, Ron was co-author with Keenan on "Revised MK Spectral Types for G, K, and M stars" and again in 1985 in a study of supergiants in open clusters. He met his future wife, Patricia Moore, also a graduate student in the department, and they were wed in 1973. Ron was also partially supported during his early OSU years by an NSF grant to Robert Wing, writing parts of Wing's photometric reduction code and observing on the program at Kitt Peak and Flagstaff in the summer of 1974. Wing remembers him as being very competent and pleasant to work with. Ron's thesis topic was "Oscillator Strengths for Neutral Iron and Silicon" under the direction of Gerald Newsom, and he was awarded the PhD in 1979. Newson recalls his facility with instrumentation, designing new circuitry to solve problems with the shock tube and ferreting out sources of systematic errors, and that it was enjoyable to work with him. In the fall of 1979, Ron went to Ball State University where he taught undergraduate astronomy classes for four years. In the summer of 1983, Ron left academia for the position of IUE Resident Astronomer with Computer Sciences Corporation [CSC] at the Goddard Space Flight Center where he joined a small contingent of other Ohio State graduates. For the next eleven years, he supported guest observers, implemented work-arounds as the IUE gyroscopes failed, improved calibrations, and had several proposals accepted to obtain spectra of spectrophotometric standards and to observe upper-main-sequence stars in the Pleiades, a Per, and NGC 2244, work that he did with Nancy Remage Evans. Ron worked diligently on the software to combine the best IUE calibration with ground-based data of the hot cluster stars and to fit the temperature and gravity. He also became interested in advanced technology for lunar remote telescopes and co-authored several studies with Peter Chen and others. After their children were of school age, Ron's wife Pat also worked for CSC/IUE for part of this period. In October 1994, Ron transferred to the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland, where he joined the science instrument commanding group under the direction of Vicki Balzano. His first task was helping to write the commanding software controlling the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph to be installed in HST in February 1997, and he became the in-house expert on the workings of this complex instrument, in particular on the details of the time-tag mode. In time, he became familiar with all the on-board instruments and oversaw the approval of the instrument commanding before the weekly HST command loads were distributed to the Goddard Space Flight Center for uploading to the telescope. In recent years, Ron participated in developing the onboard Javascript code for commanding the James Webb Space Telescope's Near-Infrared Spectrograph operations. He also helped write special commanding to support some activities to follow the final HST servicing mission. His "behind-the-scenes" contributions to IUE, HST, and JWST helped and will help astronomers around the world obtain their data. Ron seemed knowledgeable about almost any subject and could talk engagingly and at length on politics, economics, a variety of technical topics, the history of the early Church, and science fiction, among others. He was one of those people who always appeared to be smiling. He, Pat, and their daughter Marie enjoyed singing in the Central Maryland Chorale, and he served his church as an elder, Sunday-school teacher, and choir member. Ron sat on various church committees, set up and maintained the computers, and devoted many hours to the upkeep of the building. After Hurricane Katrina, he went on two mission trips with church members to help victims in Mississippi. Once again, his carpentry, electrical, and plumbing skills made him a valuable team member. Ron is survived by his wife, Pat, a cartographer at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, their son Mark, a graduate student in astronomy at the University of Hawaii, and their daughter Marie, a graduate student in biology at the University of Maryland.

  17. Maternal Health, Supraja (Eugenics) and Ayurveda


    Nanal, Vaidya Vilas; Borgave, Vaidya Sangita


    Mother and child care has been described in great detail in Ayurveda. All basic principles of Ayurveda need to be applied to deal with the problems of maternal and foetal mortality. Rules of Ahara (diet), Vihara (lifestyle), Sadavrutta (moral conduct), along with varied therapies are used in tackling the various problems. There is need to take an in depth view at causes. Major changes in lifestyle may be required. Uses of various Ayurvedic formulations like various ghrtas and tailas (ghees an...

  18. Riik ei ole inimeste hirmutamiseks / Eugen Veges

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veges, Eugen, 1955-


    Ilmunud ka: Vooremaa 12. aug., lk. 2, Severnoje Poberezhje 12. aug., lk. 2, Koit 12. aug., lk. 6, Valgamaalane 12. aug. lk. 2, Põhjarannik 14. aug. lk. 4, Sakala 15. aug. lk. 2, Järva Teataja 21. aug. lk. 2, Harju Ekspress 22. aug. lk. 4, Nädaline 26. aug., lk. 4, Võrumaa Teataja 26. aug. lk. 2, Lääne Elu 4. sept. lk. 2. Autori sõnul parandab rahvale kõrgeima võimu andmine liigselt pingestunud inimsuhteid, muudab väärastunud väärtushinnanguid ning ta on veendunud, et praegune valimisseadus ja erakonnaseadus nullivad igasuguse demokraatia

  19. El evolucionismo social, los problemas de la raza y la educación en Colombia, primera mitad del siglo xx: el cuerpo en las estrategias eugenésicas de línea dura y de línea blanda


    Runge Peña, Andrés Klaus; Muñoz Gaviria, Diego Alejandro


    Este artículo trata sobre los denominados autores de la degeneración de la raza en Colombia. En él se muestra cómo se produjo la apropiación que estos intelectuales colombianos hicieron de las ideas evolucionistas y del progreso surgidas de la sociobiología especulativa durante la primera mitad del siglo XX, que tenía un carácter eugenésico tanto en su versión dura como mejoramiento de la raza nativa por los fenotipos europeos a través de la inmigración de extranjeros, como en su versión blan...

  20. Frankenstein e cyborgs: pistas no caminho da ciência indicam o "novo eugenismo" Frankenstein and cyborgs: indications of new eugenism through the science Frankestein y cyborgs: huellas en el camino de la ciência que enseñan el nuevo eugenesismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)


    Full Text Available Este estudo analisa as atuais possibilidades de intervenções no corpo em busca de ampliá-lo, tornando-o mais bem adaptado às condições contemporâneas. Através das lentes da Eugenia do final do século XIX e início do XX, propomos buscar elementos que nos ajudem a pensar nossa atmosfera. De posse de reportagens coletadas em jornais e revistas de grande circulação e atentos aos dois períodos, identificamos muitas das novas tecnologias do corpo carreadoras de permanências daquilo que foi a busca pelo corpo melhorado. Denominadas “novo eugenismo”, as atuais introjeções tecnológicas assumem características próprias do nosso tempo, ao passo que guardam semelhanças profundas com aquilo que se chamou Eugenia. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: eugenia – ciência – adaptações do corpoF This study analyzes the current possibilities of interventions in the body that try enlarge it, turning it better adapted to contemporary conditions. Inspired in Eugenics of the end of the century XIX and beginning of the XX, we intend to look for us elements that help us to think our atmosphere. Through reports collected in newspapers and magazines of great circulation and attentive to the two periods, we identified that new technologies of the body carry permanences of that wel born science: Eugenics. Denominated “new eugenism”, the current body technologies assume own characteristics of our time, as well as keep deep similarities with science called Eugenia. KEY-WORDS: eugenics – science – body’s adaptations Este estudio analiza las posibilidades actuales de intervenciones en el cuerpo las cuales intentan extenderlo y de ahí haciéndolo mucho más adaptado a las condiciones contemporáneas. A través de las lentes de la Eugenesia del final del siglo XIX y comienzo del XX nos proponemos buscar elementos que nos ayuden a pensar nuestra atmósfera. Teniendo en las manos unos reportajes recolectados de periódicos y revistas de gran circulación y

  1. La renovación de la fotografía española a partir de la pauta estética del realismo. Un precedente formal y significativo en el reportaje de Eugene Smith sobre Deleitosa (Cáceres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Lázaro Sebastián


    Full Text Available A la hora de hablar de la renovación en la fotografía española a mediados del siglo XX, hay que tener en cuenta una pauta estética determinante para su consecución y que se deriva de la aplicación de posiciones realistas al arte. Frente al pictorialismo idealizador, el fotorreportaje se erige en crónica descarnada, no evitando una función crítica, de la situación actual, como ejemplifica el trabajo de Eugene Smith sobre el pueblo extremeño de Deleitosa. Entre los objetivos principales que se pretendía desarrollar, destacamos el dar a conocer algunos de los condicionantes históricos, ideológicos y estéticos de la fotografía desarrollada en España a mediados del siglo XX. La metodología de trabajo se ha basado en la consideración de los textos y las imágenes originales del reportaje citado, la bibliografía existente sobre el tema; comprender las reacciones surgidas en la prensa especializada del momento, y la relación con otras obras que también resultaron polémicas por su grado de realismo y de crítica social, por ejemplo, con algunas películas de Luis Buñuel.When we speak about the renovation of Spanish photography in the middle of the 20th century, it is necessary to bear in mind a concrete guideline which stems from idealized pictorialism to the realistic and even critical photographic chronicle. Certainly, it is a widespread phenomenon extended to other artistic manifestations like literature or the cinema. Inside the photographic plot, the photographic article constitutes the principal way to take it to effect. This emaciated chronicle which bears a critical function of the current situation is exemplified perfectly in the work of the North American Eugene Smith about Deleitosa.

  2. Fome, eugenia e constituição do campo da nutrição em Pernambuco: uma análise de Gilberto Freyre, Josué de Castro e Nelson Chaves Starvation, eugenics and the development of nutrition in Pernambuco according to Gilberto Freire's, Josué de Castro's and Nelson Chaves' analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos


    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é examinar a contribuição dos estudos de Gilberto Freyre, Josué de Castro e Nelson Chaves, produzidos nas décadas de 1930 e 1940, para o processo de constituição do campo da nutrição em Pernambuco. O estudo procura demonstrar que as temáticas fome e eugenia constituem as categorias centrais que expressam os pontos de tensão e de comunhão das abordagens desses autores pernambucanos, pelo estatuto científico nesse campo do conhecimento.The purpose of this article is to examine the contribution of the studies Gilberto Freyre, Josué de Castro and Nelson Chaves produced for the development of the Pernambuco nutrition field, from 1930 to 1940. The article attempts to demonstrate that both subjects - starvation and eugenics - are the central categories that express tension and communion in these three authors' approaches to this field of knowledge.

  3. "De pequenino é que se torce o pepino": a infância nos programas eugênicos da Liga Brasileira de Higiene Mental "As the twig is bent, so is the tree inclined": children and the Liga Brasileira de Higiene Mental’s eugenic programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Roberto Franco Reis


    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe-se a discutir as propostas de intervenção na problemática infantil apresentadas pela Liga Brasileira de Higiene Mental (LBHM, instituição criada no começo da década de 1920 que reunia a elite da psiquiatria brasileira, mas também alguns médicos e intelectuais em geral. Fundada num momento de afirmação, no campo psiquiátrico, da perspectiva preventiva, a LBHM vai incorporar ao seu arsenal teórico os temas básicos da higiene mental e da eugenia, tendo em vista o seu objetivo maior de colaborar no "saneamento racial" brasileiro. Assim, é a partir desse objetivo e vendo na criança um "pré-cidadão", "peça fundamental do homem do futuro", que os psiquiatras da liga incluem a questão infantil nos seus projetos, passando a considerar imperiosa a necessidade de cuidados desde a mais tenra idade.Created in the early 1920s, at a moment when the country’s psychiatric field was embracing the preventive outlook, the Liga Brasileira de Higiene Mental included within its members the elite of Brazilian psychiatry, along with a number of physicians and intellectuals. The article discusses the institution’s proposals for intervention among children. The league ended up incorporating into its theoretical arsenal the basic themes of mental hygiene and eugenics as part of its general goal of collaborating in Brazil’s process of "racial sanitation". With this objective in mind, and viewing the child as a "pre-citizen" who is a "fundamental part within the man of the future", league members included the children’s issue in their projects and saw an imperative need for mental health care from early ages on.

  4. Fantasie en ideologie in Eugene Marais se Dwaalstories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. A. Jooste


    Full Text Available In the four short stories published in the volume Dwaalstories, Eugène Marais achieves a very charming combination of fantasy and ideological coding. The fantasy seems, on the one hand, to camouflage the possible effects of certain ideological stances in the stories and also to predispose a naïve reading, while the more submerged ideological coding, on the other hand, invites closer inspection, which will uncover the real clout of the message. Traditionally, fables recount the victory of the weak over the powerful due to the intervention of some magical outside force. In these African fables this convention is employed to demonstrate the successful undermining of the despotic use of power which causes the innocent to suffer. Assisted by forces of magic residing in Nature, the weak react against injustice, so rectifying the social imbalances and counteracting the dangers caused by the inhumane use of group or institutional force. The purpose of this article is to describe the way in which fantasy and ideology are intercoded in Marais’s Dwaalstories.

  5. A Commentary on Eugene Thacker’s "Cosmic Pessimism"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary J. Shipley


    Full Text Available In the interest of promoting a concentrated, constructive interaction between the author of an article and commentators on a topic judged to be of broad significance to the community, continent. welcomes proposals for Open Peer Commentary. All authors interested in writing a commentary are advised to review our policy.

  6. Women's Rights? : The Politics of Eugenic Abortion in Modern Japan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kato, Masae


    Dit boek verkent het concept 'recht'. Hoe dit concept een rol heeft gespeeld in het veroorzaken van onenigheid en misvatting tussen bewegingen van gehandicapte mensen en vrouwen met betrekking tot de kwestie van selectieve abortus in Japan. Tegelijkertijd, probeert de schrijfster om het concept van

  7. Creativity, Psychoanalysis and Eugene O’Neill’s Creative Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asim Karim


    Full Text Available O’Neill is undisputedly one of the most autobiographical artists in modern literature. His creativity consistently moves around subjective exploration and autobiographical representation in his art. Therefore drama for him involves primarily dramatization of self and close relations such as mother, father and brother, and this association between life and art goes back to early amateur plays. This factor has exposed the artist to discreet psychoanalytic explorations and analysis. Clearly a depressive and predominantly oedipal pattern emerges in his writings that could be traced in the whole range of his plays. However, preoccupation with the self and pervasive obsession to dramatize peculiar relationships and psychic conditions create its own archeology of limitations in his art that have remained unaddressed so far. The study debates on creativity, psychoanalytic traditions of creativity, O’Neill’s creative process and highlights some of the limitations that pertain to representative and intellectual aspects of his art

  8. Mitochondrial replacement techniques: egg donation, genealogy and eugenics. (United States)

    Palacios-González, César


    Several objections against the morality of researching or employing mitochondrial replacement techniques have been advanced recently. In this paper, I examine three of these objections and show that they are found wanting. First I examine whether mitochondrial replacement techniques, research and clinical practice, should not be carried out because of possible harms to egg donors. Next I assess whether mitochondrial replacement techniques should be banned because they could affect the study of genealogical ancestry. Finally, I examine the claim that mitochondrial replacement techniques are not transferring mitochondrial DNA but nuclear DNA, and that this should be prohibited on ethical grounds.

  9. On human self-domestication, psychiatry, and eugenics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brüne Martin


    Full Text Available Abstract The hypothesis that anatomically modern homo sapiens could have undergone changes akin to those observed in domesticated animals has been contemplated in the biological sciences for at least 150 years. The idea had already plagued philosophers such as Rousseau, who considered the civilisation of man as going against human nature, and eventually "sparked over" to the medical sciences in the late 19th and early 20th century. At that time, human "self-domestication" appealed to psychiatry, because it served as a causal explanation for the alleged degeneration of the "erbgut" (genetic material of entire populations and the presumed increase of mental disorders. Consequently, Social Darwinists emphasised preventing procreation by people of "lower genetic value" and positively selecting favourable traits in others. Both tendencies culminated in euthanasia and breeding programs ("Lebensborn" during the Nazi regime in Germany. Whether or not domestication actually plays a role in some anatomical changes since the late Pleistocene period is, from a biological standpoint, contentious, and the currently resurrected debate depends, in part, on the definitional criteria applied. However, the example of human self-domestication may illustrate that scientific ideas, especially when dealing with human biology, are prone to misuse, particularly if "is" is confused with "ought", i.e., if moral principles are deduced from biological facts. Although such naturalistic fallacies appear to be banned, modern genetics may, at least in theory, pose similar ethical problems to medicine, including psychiatry. In times during which studies into the genetics of psychiatric disorders are scientifically more valued than studies into environmental causation of disorders (which is currently the case, the prospects of genetic therapy may be tempting to alter the human genome in patients, probably at costs that no-one can foresee. In the case of "self-domestication", it is proposed that human characteristics resembling domesticated traits in animals should be labelled "domestication-like", or better, objectively described as genuine adaptations to sedentism.

  10. Kallmann Syndrome: Eugenics and the Man behind the Eponym

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Benbassat


    Full Text Available Kallmann syndrome is named after Franz Joseph Kallmann, a German-born psychiatrist who described in 1944 twelve subjects from three families who presented with a syndrome of missed puberty, anosmia, and color blindness. Yet, several other eponyms for the same syndrome can be found in the literature. Despite the fact that Kallmann syndrome is the most recognized eponym, very little is known about the man for whom the syndrome is named. A biographical note on Franz Joseph Kallmann and his historical context is presented.

  11. Kallmann Syndrome: Eugenics and the Man behind the Eponym (United States)

    Benbassat, Carlos A.


    Kallmann syndrome is named after Franz Joseph Kallmann, a German-born psychiatrist who described in 1944 twelve subjects from three families who presented with a syndrome of missed puberty, anosmia, and color blindness. Yet, several other eponyms for the same syndrome can be found in the literature. Despite the fact that Kallmann syndrome is the most recognized eponym, very little is known about the man for whom the syndrome is named. A biographical note on Franz Joseph Kallmann and his historical context is presented. PMID:27101217

  12. Private and public eugenics: genetic and screening in India

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gupta, J.A.


    Epidemiologists and geneticists claim that genetics has an increasing role to play in public health policies and programs in the future. Within this perspective, genetic testing and screening are instrumental in avoiding the birth of children with serious, costly or untreatable disorders. This paper

  13. Eugene Ogoh Abstract The study examined the relationship ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Abstract. The study examined the relationship between project abandonment and the socio economic lives of the people of Niger Delta. In conducting this survey research, 220 questionnaires were administered to respondent and 132 were correctly filled, returned and used for analysis. The. Pearson's product moment ...

  14. Eugene Bleuler (1857-1940: Man of Our Time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malcom P. Weller


    Full Text Available "Disturbances of perception, orientation and memory, in the sense that they were previously defined, never belong to schizophrenia: whereas they prove the existence of some other psychoses, they do not exclude the possibility of schizophrenia. On the other hand, definite schizophrenia disturbances of association alone are sufficient for the diagnosis" (p.298"Of the thousands of associative threads which guide our thinking, this disease seems to interrupt, quite haphazardly, sometimes such single threads, sometimes a whole group, and sometimes even large segments of them. In this way, thinking becomes illogical and often bizarre." (p.14These quotations harmonise with our current concepts of a failure of integration of diverse brain regions in this psychiatric disorder. Bleuler tended to see and to treat the more chronic "process" cases. Bleuler's genius was to foreshadow recent brain function findings in this group and to anticipate our moder concepts of neural connectivity, with a prescient analysis of the core features of the disease he named. The parallels in Bleuler's writings with moder neurological concepts will be explored.

  15. Ectrodactyly and Germany's eugenics law of 14 July 1933

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busch, Roland; Kjær, Klaus Wilbrandt


    for an adopted daughter, the propositus was childless. His two affected brothers each had an affected child, and the father- to son transmission confirmed the hypothesis of autosomal dominant inheritance. The issue of nonpenetrance versus germinal mosaicism in ectrodactyly was debated by Auerbach [1956:Ann Hum...

  16. Eugene P. Wigner – in the light of unexpected events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koblinger L.


    Full Text Available In the first part of the paper, Wigner’s humane attitude is overviewed based on the author’s personal impressions and on selected quotations from Wigner and his contemporaries. The second part briefly summarizes Wigner’s contribution to the development of nuclear science and technology.

  17. On the Cusp: Corey Harper--University of Oregon, Eugene (United States)

    Library Journal, 2004


    A recent library school graduate, Corey Harper was nominated by his colleagues at the University of Oregon (UO) because of the key role he played in implementing digital collections. Along with technical expertise, says Watson, he brought with him "[an ability to] balance idealism with expediency, the striving for perfection with the need to…

  18. Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site Tract and Boundary Data (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — These ESRI shape files are of National Park Service tract and boundary data that was created by the Land Resources Division. Tracts are numbered and created by the...

  19. Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site Data Landcover Product - NOAA C-CAP Source (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — NPScape CCAP landcover (CCAP_LAC - 1996, 2001 and 2006) and landcover change (CCAP_LCC) products. Landcover change is produced from the 1996-2001 NOAA C-CAP and...

  20. An Anesthetic Drug Demonstration and an Introductory Antioxidant Activity Experiment with "Eugene, the Sleepy Fish" (United States)

    Barcena, Homar; Chen, Peishan


    Students are introduced to spectrophotometry in comparing the antioxidant activity of pure eugenol and oil of cloves from a commercial source using a modified ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. The extraction of the essential oil from dried cloves is demonstrated to facilitate discussions on green chemistry. The anesthetic properties…

  1. Managing antidepressant treatment in pregnancy and puerperium. Careful with that axe, Eugene. (United States)

    Gentile, Salvatore


    Until 2005, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the class of antidepressants most frequently used in clinical practice, had been deemed devoid of any teratogenic effects. However, in recent years several concerns have been raised about their reproductive safety, including: disturbed fetal development, increased rates of congenital anomalies, increased risks of neonatal complications, neuro-motor delay and even autism. Specific concerns are also arising about the safety of SSRIs for infants breastfed by mothers who take such medications in puerperium. Such considerations have led to the 'bad reproductive reputation' of SSRIs, whose utilization during pregnancy and breastfeeding is deemed incautious. Specific reproductive problems also involve tricyclic antidepressants, especially clomipramine. Thus, any conclusion about what antidepressant should be considered the safest during pregnancy must be stated and read with great caution. However, the risks associated with pharmacological treatment must be balanced with the effects of untreated antenatal maternal depression on the mother-fetus dyad, which are likely to be devastating. During puerperium, it is mandatory to weigh the risks to the infant of antidepressant exposure through breast milk against the disadvantage of not receiving mother's milk and being exposed to a relapse of maternal mood symptoms (which may also have tragic consequences for the patient).

  2. The Collected Works of Eugene Paul Wigner Historical, Philosophical, and Socio-Political Papers

    CERN Document Server

    Wigner, Eugene Paul


    Not only was EP Wigner one of the most active creators of 20th century physics, he was also always interested in expressing his opinion in philosophical, political or sociological matters This volume of his collected works covers a wide selection of his essays about science and society, about himself and his colleagues Annotated by J Mehra, this volume will become an important source of reference for historians of science, and it will be pleasant reading for every physicist interested in forming ideas in modern physics

  3. Eugenics, Race Integrity, and the Twentieth-Century Assault on Virginia's Indians. (United States)

    Smith, J. David

    This paper documents efforts made by some Virginians in the first half of the 20th century to promote and maintain racial separatism. In the early 1920s, the Anglo-Saxon Clubs of America were founded in Virginia, and the leaders of this group successfully persuaded the state legislature to pass, in 1924, the Race Integrity Act. This Act created…

  4. [The silent disappearance: report of screening eugenics of people with Down syndrome]. (United States)

    Vilarroig Martín, Jaime


    In this article, we try to reflext an avident fact: since the last 20 years, the percentage of births of Down Sindrome in Spain is decreasing. This fact is so silenciated in the mass media, that we can call "the silent dissapearance". But this is a bit of a more big problem more preocupated: the rejection of our society against the disabled people. For this, first, we present the facts, and then we will make a bioethical reflexión about the meaning of the rejection of disabled people, a serious fact that contradict the human responsability for others.

  5. Yerkes, Hamilton and the experimental study of the ape mind: from evolutionary psychiatry to eugenic politics. (United States)

    Thomas, Marion


    Robert Yerkes is a pivotal figure in American psychology and primatology in the first half of the twentieth century. As is well known, Yerkes first studied ape intelligence in 1915, on a visit to the private California laboratory of the psychiatrist Gilbert Hamilton, a former student. Less widely appreciated is how far the work done at the Hamilton lab, in its aims and ambitions as well as its techniques, served as a template for much of Yerkes's research thereafter. This paper uses the Hamilton-Yerkes relationship to re-examine Yerkes's career and, more generally, that of American psychology in the early twentieth century. Three points especially are emphasized: first, the role of Freudian psychoanalysis as a spur to Hamilton's experimental studies of ape intelligence; second, the importance of Hamilton's laboratory, with its semi-wild population of monkeys and ape, as a model for Yerkes's efforts to create a laboratory of his own; and third, the influence on Yerkes of Hamilton's optimism about experimental psychological studies of nonhuman primates as a source of lessons beneficial to a troubled human world.

  6. 75 FR 65663 - Gilbert Eugene Johnson, M.D.; Revocation of Registration (United States)


    ... establishing a valid doctor-patient relationship and a legitimate medical need for the prescription) and... * * * professional practice' and to issue a prescription for a `legitimate medical purpose,' '' as required by 21 CFR... individuals had a legitimate medical need for the prescriptions. Accordingly, I hold that in prescribing to...

  7. Biography of Dr. Eugene W. Smith Arkansas State University President 1984 to 1992 (United States)

    Newsom, Glenda


    A president of a university in the state of Arkansas would benefit from researching the roots of the educational system within the state. Even though the state now has a number of universities that have evolved and are on the cutting-edge of advanced technology, Arkansas was slow in growth and development. Since Arkansas was slow to expand public…

  8. Diseases and remedies in modern city: environmental perspectives of argentinian eugenism between the mundial wars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vallejo, Gustavo


    Full Text Available During the inter - war period it consolidate in Argentina a tendency to pathologize the modern city, understood like an ill organism that produced and was consequence phisical and moral decadency
    of its habitants. The interruption of external inmigration contributed with new information for a strategy of regeneration that tried to establish from eugenesics directed to articulate the populationism with the territorial distribution, in the certainty that counteracted country the evils that generated the life modern. The work reviews the impact of this ideology in the different spheres and the way in which has integrated the cultural politic of the fascism and taked part of the corpus with which the biotipology looked to give scientific legitimacy.

    Durante el período de entreguerras se consolidó en Argentina una tendencia a patologizar la ciudad moderna, entendida como un organismo enfermo que producía y a su vez era consecuencia de la decadencia física y moral de sus habitantes. La interrupción de la inmigración externa aportó nuevos datos para una estrategia de regeneración que pugnó por establecer, desde la eugenesia, medidas dirigidas a articular el poblacionismo con la distribución territorial, en la certeza de que el campo contrarrestaría los males que generaba la vida moderna. El trabajo repasa el impacto de esta ideología en distintas esferas y el modo en que ella se recepcionó junto a la política cultural del fascismo y formó parte del corpus con el que la biotipología buscó darle legitimidad científica.

  9. Eugenics, Genetics, and the Minority Group Model of Disabilities: Implications for Social Work Advocacy (United States)

    O'Brien, Gerald V.


    In the United States, genetic research, as well as policy and practice innovations based on this research, has expanded greatly over the past few decades. This expansion is indicated, for example, by the mapping of the human genome, an expansion of genetic counseling, and other biogenetic research. Also, a disability rights movement that in many…

  10. Regionalnõje energetitsheskije problemõ JeS i stranõ Baltii / Eugene Eteris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eteris, Eugene


    Ilmunud ka: The Baltic Course 2007 Winter (nr. 24) lk. 38-39. ELi energiaturg ning Baltimaade energeetika probleemid. Võimalikud lahendused. Alternatiivne energeetika. Tabel: Gaasi ja elektrienergia hinnad Euroopas


    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Simona Bertolini


    .... While Husserl and Heidegger showed Fink two different and fruitful ways to interpret phenomenology, Hegel suggested and offered him the conceptual means with which to combine these theoretical models...

  12. A digital humanities approach to the history of science: eugenics revisited in hidden debates by means of semantic text mining

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huijnen, P.; Laan, F.; de Rijke, M.; Pieters, T.


    Comparative historical research on the the intensity, diversity and fluidity of public discourses has been severely hampered by the extraordinary task of manually gathering and processing large sets of opinionated data in news media in different countries. At most 50,000 documents have been

  13. A Digital Humanities Approach to the History of Science Eugenics Revisited in Hidden Debates by Means of Semantic Text Mining

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huijnen, Pim; Laan, Fons; de Rijke, Maarten; Pieters, Toine


    Comparative historical research on the the intensity, diversity and fluidity of public discourses has been severely hampered by the extraordinary task of manually gathering and processing large sets of opinionated data in news media in different countries. At most 50,000 documents have been

  14. Transforming Better Babies into Fitter Families: archival resources and the history of American eugenics movement, 1908-1930. (United States)

    Selden, Steven


    In the early 1920s, determinist conceptions of biology helped to transform Better Babies contest into Fitter Families competitions with a strong commitment to controlled human breeding. While the earlier competitions were concerned for physical and mental standards, the latter contests collected data on a broad range of presumed hereditary characters. The complex behaviors thought to be determined by one's heredity included being generous, jealous, and cruel. In today's context, the popular media often interpret advances in molecular genetics in a similarly reductive and determinist fashion. This paper argues that such a narrow interpretation of contemporary biology unnecessarily constrains the public in developing social policies concerning complex social behavior ranging from crime to intelligence.

  15. 75 FR 34049 - FM Table of Allotments (The Dalles, Tualatin, Eugene, Albany, Lebanon, Paisley, and Diamond Lake... (United States)


    ... Diamond Lake, Oregon and Goldendale, WA) AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission ACTION: Final rule... 1.420(j) of the Commission's Rules, we are granting the Joint Parties' Motion to Dismiss. In doing... payments that are less than their respective legitimate and prudent expenses incurred in connection with...

  16. Mildred Codding: an interview with Cushing's medical artist. Interview by Matthew R. Moore, John Shillito Jr., Eugene Rossitch Jr.. (United States)

    Codding, M


    Mildred Codding was Dr. Harvey Cushing's medical illustrator and was closely involved with many of his original articles and books. From a recent interview with her we gained many insights into life as a medical artist for the father of modern neurosurgery, both in and outside of the operating room. The artistic drawing techniques of Miss Codding and Dr. Cushing are compared.

  17. Concerns about eroding the ethical barrier to in vitro eugenics: lessons from the hESC debate. (United States)

    Pugh, Jonathan


    In his discussion of in vitrogametogenesis, Rob Sparrow claims that an ethical barrier to development of this technology is that many jurisdictions currently prohibit the practice of creating embryos solely for the purpose of research. However, he suggests that this ethical barrier will soon be eroded, in view of the fact that in vitro gametogenesis could serve as a powerful new technology to overcome infertility. In this commentary, I argue that Sparrow is being overly optimistic in his analysis here. I claim that the debate over so-called compromise positions in the human embryonic stem cell debate suggests that the purpose of the research for which a research embryo is created is unlikely to be considered as having any significant bearing on the moral permissibility of the practice for those who oppose it. Even though in vitro gametogenesis could serve as a powerful new technology to overcome infertility, I argue that opponents of the practice of creating embryos solely for research purposes would still view the creation of research embryos that the development of in vitro gametogenesis would require, as being incompatible with affording the embryo proper moral respect. I conclude by suggesting that Sparrow's analysis of the potential benefits of in vitro gametogenesis provides us with further reasons to scrutinise the unconvincing arguments that are often cited in favour of prohibiting the practice of creating embryos solely for research purposes. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to

  18. Evaluating the effectiveness of a 360-degree performance appraisal and feedback in a selected steel organisation / Koetlisi Eugene Lithakong


    Lithakong, Koetlisi Eugene


    Most companies are competing in the diverse global markets, and competitive advantage through human capital is becoming very important. Employee development for high productivity and the use of effective tools to measure their performance are therefore paramount. One such tool is the 360-degree performance appraisal system. The study on the effectiveness of the 360-degree performance appraisal was conducted on a selected steel organisation. The primary objective of the research...

  19. ‘This growing genetic disaster’: obesogenic mothers, the obesity ‘epidemic’ and the persistence of eugenics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Cain


    Full Text Available In this era of ever-increasing emphasis on personal responsibility the 'obesity epidemic', officialised in global health warnings, threatens to swamp the West with the consequences of overindulgence. With childhood obesity identified as a particular threat, maternal feeding behaviour from conception onwards has come under scrutiny for its obesogenic potential. Epigenetic research now suggests that the mother's poor diet and excessive intake of calories can permanently damage not only the fetus itself but the genetic coding it carries, thus (recreating a narrative of degeneration which performs complex cultural and social functions. While mothers have always been associated with the weakening and/or poisoning of children and the national body, the new narrative of degenerative uterine toxicity focuses attention on poor maternal choice as productive of a 'bio-underclass', and thus diverts attention from the many structural and socioeconomic associations of obesity with poverty, and particularly inequality. As government and child protection agencies in the UK and US attempt to discipline parents through surveillance and prosecution and the austerity agenda lends moral weight to discourses of 'waste' and necessary 'belt-tightening', the contradictions and implications of obesity as a 'disease' of 'overindulgence' in consumer cultures founded on 'indulgence' are too easily avoided by political and scientific focus on the abject body of the obesogenic 'underclass' mother.

  20. Bad habits and bad genes: early 20th-century eugenic attempts to eliminate syphilis and associated "defects" from the United States. (United States)

    Wilson, Philip K


    American eugenists in the early 20th century distinguished "degenerates," including syphilitics, prostitutes, alcoholics and criminals, from the "normal" population by their particular bad habits. From eugenists' viewpoint, these bad habits were derived from bad character, a flaw that stemmed from an individual's bad genes. This essay explores how eugenists during this period characterized syphilitics and those with associated character "defects" in terms of heredity. Additionally, it examines the methods eugenists most frequently advocated to rectify these bad habits. These methods included marriage restriction, immigration control and reproductive sterilization. Overall, eugenists directed their efforts not so much at the "degenerate" as at his or her germ line.

  1. A candidate type 2 diabetes polymorphism near the HHEX locus affects acute glucose-stimulated insulin release in European populations: results from the EUGENE2 study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staiger, Harald; Stancáková, Alena; Zilinskaite, Jone


    OBJECTIVE: In recent genome-wide association studies, two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the HHEX locus were shown to be more frequent in type 2 diabetic patients than in control subjects. Based on HHEX's function during embryonic development of the ventral pancreas in mice, we....... By contrast, the minor A-allele of HHEX SNP rs7923837 was significantly associated with higher IVGTT-derived first-phase insulin release before and after appropriate adjustment (P = 0.013 and P = 0.014, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: A common genetic variation in the 3'-flanking region of the HHEX locus, i...

  2. Variant near ADAMTS9 known to associate with type 2 diabetes is related to insulin resistance in offspring of type 2 diabetes patients--EUGENE2 study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boesgaard, Trine Welløv; Gjesing, Anette Prior; Grarup, Niels


    inconclusive. We examined these variants located in or near the JAZF1 (rs864745), THADA (rs7578597), TSPAN8 (rs7961581), ADAMTS9 (rs4607103), NOTCH2 (rs10923931) and the CDC123/CAMK1D (rs12779790) genes for associations with measures of pancreatic beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity. METHODOLOGY...

  3. POHL-VALERO, Stefan. La raza entra por la boca”. Energy, diet and eugenics in the Colômbia, 1890-1940.




    No início do século XX, na Colômbia, um novo campo de pesquisa começou a se desenvolver. Olhando para o trabalho e a fisiologia da dieta, esta abordagem tem como base a analogia possível do corpo humano como uma máquina térmica que transforma energia. Começando pela unidade de energia de calorias, os alimentos foram traduzidos para quantidade de combustível que a máquina do corpo necessitava para o desempenho ideal, dependendo do trabalho realizado e das condições ambientais...

  4. Insulin sensitivity, insulin release and glucagon-like peptide-1 levels in persons with impaired fasting glucose and/or impaired glucose tolerance in the EUGENE2 study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laakso, M; Zilinskaite, J; Hansen, T


    AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We examined the phenotype of individuals with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) with regard to insulin release and insulin resistance. METHODS: Non-diabetic offspring (n=874; mean age 40+/-10.4 years; BMI 26.6+/-4.9 kg/m(2)) of type 2 diabetic...



    Leites Jr., Pedro; Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná; Alves, Lourdes Kaminski


    O presente texto propõe uma reflexão sobre alguns dos fatores determinantes dos processos miméticos empregados na elaboração de Electra enlutada (1931). Tratamos, mais especificamente, do sentido de tragicidade do mito de Electra. Consideramos, nesse percurso, as relações de intertextualidade para com a Electra (413. a. C.), de Eurípides, a obra homônima (entre 420 a. C. e 413 a. C.) de Sófocles, assim como para com a Oréstia (458 a. C.) de Ésquilo, para estudar como a concreção do substrato ...

  6. A Few Thousand Battered Books: Eugene O'Neill's Use of Myth in Desire Under The Elms And Mourning Becomes Electra A Few Thousand Battered Books: Eugene O'Neill's Use of Myth in Desire Under The Elms And Mourning Becomes Electra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnold Gordenstein


    Full Text Available Ezra Pound put it this way: There died a myriad, ... For an old bitch gone in the teeth, For a botched civilization, ... For two gross of broken statues, For a few thousand battered books The humblest commonplace of post World War One cultural history has it that that generation found the old creeds of the west destroyed and the old rules broken. It is somewhat more problematic, however, to identify the means by which the search for new values was conducted. The pregnant suggestion of Matthew Arnold that Hellenism and Hebraism served as the dual fundaments of western cultural values was exploited artistically by T.S. Eliot and James Joyce. But neither the use of Greek and Bible myth nor myth criticism was invented in 1922. Ezra Pound put it this way: There died a myriad, ... For an old bitch gone in the teeth, For a botched civilization, ... For two gross of broken statues, For a few thousand battered books The humblest commonplace of post World War One cultural history has it that that generation found the old creeds of the west destroyed and the old rules broken. It is somewhat more problematic, however, to identify the means by which the search for new values was conducted. The pregnant suggestion of Matthew Arnold that Hellenism and Hebraism served as the dual fundaments of western cultural values was exploited artistically by T.S. Eliot and James Joyce. But neither the use of Greek and Bible myth nor myth criticism was invented in 1922.

  7. International Journal of Arts and Humanities(IJAH) Ethiopia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nneka Umera-Okeke

    Eugene Achike, his wife, Beatrice, son, Jaja and daughter, Kambili form the nuclear family. The extended family is composed of Ifeoma (Eugene's sister) and her children, and Papa-Nnukwu (Eugene's father). Co-opted into the family by virtue of employment are Sisi (the househelp), and Kevin (the driver), and the gardener.

  8. The common SLC30A8 Arg325Trp variant is associated with reduced first-phase insulin release in 846 non-diabetic offspring of type 2 diabetes patients--the EUGENE2 study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boesgaard, T W; Zilinskaite, J; Vänttinen, M


    AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: A recent genome-wide association study identified the SLC30A8 rs13266634 polymorphism encoding an Arg325Trp polymorphism in the zinc transporter protein member 8 (ZnT-8) to be associated with type 2 diabetes. Here, we investigate whether the polymorphism is related to altered ins...

  9. Raça, genética & hipertensão: nova genética ou velha eugenia? Race, genetics, and hypertension: new genetics or old eugenics?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laguardia Josué


    Full Text Available As estatísticas relativas às condições de saúde de grupos humanos, classificados segundo um determinado recorte racial, são utilizadas para apoiar argumentos científicos que vinculam uma diferença fenotípica a uma essência biológica de raça. Os estudos epidemiológicos sobre hipertensão arterial ilustram a força das hipóteses genéticas na atribuição de um papel causal à raça. Tomando as explicações genéticas para a etiologia da hipertensão, busco, neste trabalho, apontar os pressupostos etiológicos que embasam os argumentos racializadores dessa patologia, as hipóteses alternativas presentes na literatura científica e os aspectos éticos implicados nesses estudos.Statistics on the health conditions of human groups have been classified according to racial group and then used to support scientific arguments linking a difference in phenotype to a biological essential of race. Epidemiological studies on high blood pressure illustrate the strength that genetic hypotheses can have in assigning a causative role to race. Taking these genetic explanations of the etiology of hypertension, I seek to identify: the etiological presuppositions grounding the arguments that racialize this pathology, the alternative hypotheses found in the scientific literature, and the ethical aspects implicit to such studies.

  10. Dialogue on ‘Dialogic Education’: Has Rupert gone over to ‘the Dark Side’?


    Eugene Matusov; Rupert Wegerif


    This email dialogue that we record and report here between Eugene Matusov and Rupert Wegerif, exemplifies Internet mediated dialogic education. When Eugene emailed Rupert with his initial (mis)understanding of Rupert's position about dialogic pedagogy Rupert felt really motivated to reply. Rupert was not simply motivated to refute Eugene and assert his correctness, although Rupert is sure such elements enter into every dialogue, but also to explore and to try to resolve the issues ignited by ...

  11. Contingency-Focused Financial Management and Logistics for the U.S. Coast Guard (United States)


    fit for the Coast Guard. Author Eugene Bardach encourages organizations to ask themselves, “Assuming this practice is indeed smart in some contexts...42 Eugene Bardach , A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis: The Eightfold Path to More Effective Problem...2007. room?pid=4800&cdvn=news&newsarticleid=24272. Accessed September 19, 2007. Bardach , Eugene. A Practical Guide

  12. Not so quiet has flown the Iravati

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)


    whohadrealizedherintellectualability,decidedthat sheshouldstudyabroadinordertorealizeherfullpotential.She. accordinglywenttoBerlinandobtainedaPh.D.inanthropology. undertheguidanceofProf.EugenFischer,DirectoroftheKaiser. Wilhelm Institute for ...

  13. Habermas, ética da espécie e seus críticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Feldhaus


    Full Text Available This works intends to reconstruct the Habermasian argumentative strategy concerning liberal eugenics, human cloning, research with embryos and genetic diagnostic main criticisms against it.

  14. Paari sekundiga kodust tööle / Silvia Pärmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärmann, Silvia


    Juta Lemberi kujundatud kodukontor Eugen Sachariase projekteeritud funkvillas. Vanasse tehasehoonesse rajatud korteri kodukontor. Jaanus Orgusaare disainitud kõver riiul "Dune" ja Taniel Kolpakovi disainitud laud "Tuuka"

  15. Political Philosophy and the Mentally Retarded. (United States)

    Stanovich, Keith E.

    The effects of Social Darwinism, eugenics, and contemporary political conservatism on the status of advocacy efforts for the mentally retarded are reviewed. Provided are historical sketches of Social Darwinism, which viewed the retarded as members of an inferior race, and eugenics, which argued for sterilization of the "genetically…

  16. Enhancing Cross-Cultural Collaboration between DoD and VA (United States)


    commonly accepted definition for collaboration, for the purpose of this paper we will use the definition given by Eugene Bardach , “Any joint...26. 37 16 Eugene Bardach , Getting Agencies to Work Together: The Practice and Theory of Managerial Craftsmanship, (Washington, DC

  17. Public-Private Sector Passenger Rail Intelligence and Terrorism Information Sharing (United States)


    Practical Guide for Policy Analysis, Eugene Bardach defines a smart practice as an expression of some underlying idea – an idea about how the actions...CA: RAND, 1999. Barabási, Albert – László. Linked. New York, NY: Penguin Group, 2003. Bardach , Eugene. A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis – The

  18. Federated Search Tools in Fusion Centers: Bridging Databases in the Information Sharing Environment (United States)


    in the form of a marketing “white paper.” 39 Eugene Bardach , A Practical Guide for Policy onFrameworkSolution.aspx. Bardach , Eugene. A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis. 3rd

  19. Force Protection for Fire Fighters: Warm Zone Operations at Paramilitary Style Active Shooter Incidents in a Multi-Hazard Environment as a Fire Service Core Competency (United States)


    policy alternatives. 31 Eugene Bardach , A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis, 3rd ed...wp- dyn/content/article/2009/04/18/AR2009041802277_pf.html. Bardach , Eugene. A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis, 3rd ed. Washington, DC: CQ Press

  20. Protecting New York’s Infrastructure: Improving Overall Safety and Security Through New Partnerships and Concentration on Planning, Engineering and Design (United States)


    Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 2005), 71. 43 Eugene Bardach , “Part Three: “Smart (Best) Practices”—Research: Understanding Bardach , Eugene. “Part Three: “Smart (Best) Practices”—Research: Understanding and Making Use of What Look Like Good

  1. Environmental Activities of the U.S. Coast Guard (United States)


    RL33183, Civil Rights of Individuals with Disabilities: The Opinions of Judge Alito, by Nancy Lee Jones; CRS Report RL32154, Marine Protected Areas : An...Overview, by Harold F. Upton and Eugene H. Buck; and CRS Report RL32154, Marine Protected Areas : An Overview, by Harold F. Upton and Eugene H

  2. Breeding unity: Battlestar Galactica’s biracial reproductive futurity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kustritz, A.


    While Battlestar Galactica reinvigorated the science fiction genre by representing contemporary political problems in a complex, often radical fashion, the series also makes visible a new articulation of eugenic thinking. Postmodern eugenics repurposes turn-of-the 20th century ideas of racial

  3. Paying for Hitler's War

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Joachim


    Book review of: Jonas Scherner & Eugene N. White (eds.), Paying for Hitler's War: The Consequenses of Nazi Hegemony for Europe (NY: Cambridge University Press, 2016)......Book review of: Jonas Scherner & Eugene N. White (eds.), Paying for Hitler's War: The Consequenses of Nazi Hegemony for Europe (NY: Cambridge University Press, 2016)...

  4. Bjørnens genkomst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skak, Mette


    Anmeldelse af Rajan Mejon and Eugene Rumer: CONFLICT IN UKRAINE. THE UNWINDING OF THE POST-COLD WAR ORDER. The MIT Press, 2015.......Anmeldelse af Rajan Mejon and Eugene Rumer: CONFLICT IN UKRAINE. THE UNWINDING OF THE POST-COLD WAR ORDER. The MIT Press, 2015....

  5. Web-based software tool for constraint-based design specification of synthetic biological systems. (United States)

    Oberortner, Ernst; Densmore, Douglas


    miniEugene provides computational support for solving combinatorial design problems, enabling users to specify and enumerate designs for novel biological systems based on sets of biological constraints. This technical note presents a brief tutorial for biologists and software engineers in the field of synthetic biology on how to use miniEugene. After reading this technical note, users should know which biological constraints are available in miniEugene, understand the syntax and semantics of these constraints, and be able to follow a step-by-step guide to specify the design of a classical synthetic biological system-the genetic toggle switch.1 We also provide links and references to more information on the miniEugene web application and the integration of the miniEugene software library into sophisticated Computer-Aided Design (CAD) tools for synthetic biology ( ).


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo G Kohn Loncarica


    Full Text Available El desarrollo de la genética molecular en las dos últimas décadas produjo grandes cambios en los conocimientos sobre la fisiopatología de las enfermedades, modificando los criterios de diagnóstico y de tratamiento, y enfrentando al médico con nuevos conceptos provenientes de una avalancha tecnológica que se incrementa día a día. Nuestro objetivo es exponer una posición bioética bastante difundida sobre algunos aspectos de la medicina genómica y, simultáneamente, hacer algunos comentarios críticos a esta posición, rescatando sus aportes. En primer lugar, presentamos y discutimos la definición de enfermedad genética propuesta por Closer, Culver y Gert, sus consecuencias y los criterios que se debe tener en cuenta para decidir realizar o no un diagnóstico genético. Luego, analizamos la propuesta de Berger en relación con la legitimidad de la terapia génica. Concluimos que la definición ofrecida es lo suficientemente amplia como para incluir alteraciones funcionales, psicológicas y aun sociales. Sin embargo, es fuertemente biologista al centrar el criterio de normalidad en lo biológico y estadístico. No tiene en cuenta la determinación cultural del concepto. Asimismo, en relación con la terapia génica, más que una objeción moral, lo que el autor propone es una moratoria que descansa en la insuficiencia de los conocimientos actuales y en que se fundamentan en una filosofía utilitarista. Sostenemos que será la comunidad la que tendrá que decidir hasta adonde está dispuesta a aceptar la “lotería genética” y, en consecuencia, los alcances y límites de la medicina genómicaO desenvolvimento da genética molecular nas últimas décadas produziu grandes mudanças nos conhecimentos sobre a fisiopatologia das doenças, modificando os critérios de diagnóstico e de tratamento, e enfrentando o médico com novos conceitos provenientes de uma avalanche tecnológica que é incrementada dia a dia. Nosso objetivo é expor uma posição bioética bastante difundida sobre alguns aspectos da medicina genómica e, simultaneamente, fazer alguns comentários críticos a esta posição, resgatando suas contribuições. Em primeiro lugar, apresentamos e discutimos a definição de doença genética proposta por Closer, Culver e Gert, suas conseqüências e os critérios que se deve levar em conta para decidir realizar ou não um diagnóstico genético. Em seguida, analisamos a proposta de Berger em relação à legitimidade da terapia génica. Concluímos que a definição oferecida é suficientemente ampla para incluir alterações funcionais, psicológicas e inclusive sociais. No en tanto, é fortemente biologista ao centrar o critério de normalidade no biológico e estatístico. Não levando em conta a determinação cultural do conceito. Assim mesmo, em relação à terapia génica, mais que uma objeção moral, o que o autor propõe é uma moratória que descansa na insuficiência dos conhecimentos atuais nos quais se fundamenta uma filosofia utilitarista. Sustentamos que a comunidade terá que decidir até onde esta disposta a aceitar a “loteria genética” e, em conseqüência, os alcances e limites da medicina genómicaThe development of molecular genetics in the last two decades brought about important changes in the knowledge of physiopathology of the diseases, modifying the criteria for diagnosis and treatment and presenting the physician with new concepts originated from the continuously growing array of technological changes. The purpose of our paper is to present a fairly common bioethical stand point about the gene therapy and, at the same time, to make some critical remarks about this outlook, without failing to point out its contributions to the subject. In the first place, we present and discuss the definition of genetic illness proposed by Closer, Culver and Gert, its consequences and the standards we have to take into account when we have to decide to carry out a genetic diagnosis or not. Afterwards, we analyze the proposal of Berger in connection with the legitimation of genetic therapy. We conclude that the definition offered has an advantage: it is broad enough to include functional, psychological and even social alterations. However, it is strongly biologistic in that its criterion of what is normal is centered upon biological and statistical aspects, and it does not take into account the fact that the concept is culturally influenced. Also, in connection with the gene therapy, more than a moral objection, what the author proposes is a moratorium which rests on the inadequacy of the current knowledge and that it is based on an utilitarian philosophy. We sustain that it will be the community who will have to decide about until where it is willing to accept the “genetic lottery” and, in consequence, the reaches and the limits of the genomic medicine

  7. Havelock Ellis, eugenicist. (United States)

    Crozier, Ivan


    This article examines the contributions made towards eugenic thought in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by Havelock Ellis (1859-1939). Ellis was a significant social reformer who worked on the problems of sexuality from a scientific-naturalist secular perspective. In the later phases of his work, after he had completed much of his writing on sexuality, Ellis concentrated on issues of feminism and eugenics--problems he thought were interlinked. In this paper, I integrate his ideas about these subjects, and consider the ways in which Ellis and other liberal social reformers created a 'eugenic subject' in order to frame their arguments about social problems.

  8. Raza, alteridad y exclusión en Alemania durante la década de 1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Castillejo Cuéllar


    Full Text Available In 1927, under the umbrella of the Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft, the institution responsible for directing Germany's research policies, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institut für Anthropologie, Menschliche, Erblehre und Eugenic (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics was founded. The institution represented the apex of the German eugenics movement that had developed in the previous decades, and the birth of oneof the intellectual centers where the Reich's ideology of social engineering was founded. This article discusses some of the historic elements that linked racial ideology, the bedrock of Nazi policy of extermination, and the social sciences during the Weimar period

  9. [Between research and genocide. The Nuremberg physician trials 1946/47: Raphael Lemkins point of view on human experimentation and genocide]. (United States)

    Weindling, Paul


    While the significance of the new concept of genocide, as introduced by the Polish émigré jurist Raphael Lemkin, has been recognised, its importance for the Nuremberg Medical Trial has been overlooked. Lemkin commented extensively on the Trial, and his views are presented here. These comments help illuminate a neglected facet of the Trial, that of eugenics and racial extermination, taken at the time as amounting to genocide. Far from neglecting eugenics as some have suggested, the eugenic component of the Trial was extensive.

  10. Neuheiten

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Heliplaadil "Bach Vibrations. Andrei Pushkarev" kaastegev kammerorkester Kremerata Baltica, heliplaate "Jean Sibelius "Sinfonische Dichtungen" ja "Kapp Artur-Eugen-Villem/Orchestral Works/BBC Philharmonic" dirigeerib Neeme Järvi, heliplaadil "Mikrokosmos" ka Veljo Tormise muusika

  11. Film Review Jerusalema (2008) | Hees | Journal of the Musical Arts ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cinematographer: Nic Hofmeyer. Original Music: Alan Ari Lazar. Cast: Rapulana Seiphemo, Ronnie Nyakale, Jeffrey Zekele, Kenneth Nkosi, helley Meskin, Robert Hobbs, Eugene Khumbanyiwa, Jafta Mamabolo, Motlatsi Mahloko. Approx 120 min. Distributor: Next Video, Fountain Grove, 5 Second Street, Hyde Park.

  12. 77 FR 60460 - Hardwood Plywood From China: Institution of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Investigations... (United States)


    ..., Eugene, OR; and Timber Products Company, Springfield, OR, combined as The Coalition for Fair Trade of... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office INTERNATIONAL TRADE... Scheduling of Preliminary Phase Investigations AGENCY: United States International Trade Commission. ACTION...

  13. 77 FR 71017 - Hardwood Plywood From China (United States)


    ..., Eugene, OR; and Timber Products Company, Springfield, OR combined as The Coalition for Fair Trade of... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] INTERNATIONAL TRADE... investigations, the United States International Trade Commission (Commission) determines, pursuant to sections...

  14. Nõela all : Igakuine vinüülitutvustus / DJ Drummie

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Drummie


    Uute plaatide The Blacktonez "Flying High", Francie Valentine feat. mandingo "Merangada", Blak Beat Niks "Do You Want Me", East West Connection feat. eugene "Hideaway" Bridges "The More I Get" tutvustus

  15. 75 FR 31797 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings (United States)


    ... Thomas Jefferson Street, NW., Washington, DC 20007. Contact Person: Eugene Carstea, PhD, Scientific....m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Washington Plaza Hotel, 10 Thomas...

  16. Environmental Contaminants in River Otter (Lontra canadensis) Collected from the Willamette River, Oregon, 1996-99 (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Willamette River originates in the Cascade Mountains southeast of Eugene, Oregon and makes a 300 mile northward journey through the Willamette Valley, joining...

  17. The effect of Cordia platythyrsa on various experimental models of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The effect of Cordia platythyrsa on various experimental models of pain and carrageenan induced inflammation. Benedicta N Nkeh-Chungag, Eugene J Ndebia, Joseph T Mbafor, Lonwabo A Dotwana, OO Oyedeji, Jehu E Iputo ...

  18. Scientometrics and Indicators: Origins

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Scientometrics concerned with patterns and outputs, Quantity e.g. publications, patents, etc.Quality e.g. Journal quality, citations, de Solla Price, Eugene Garfield. Initially descriptive, now linked to policy ...

  19. Koronacantha mexicana n. gen., n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Illiosentidae) from Marine Fishes in Chamela Bay, Jalisco, Mexico

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Scott Monks; Gerardo Pérez Ponce de León


    ...), Haemulon sexfasciatum Gill, 1863, Haemulon scudderiGill, 1863, Pomadasys leuciscus (Günther, 1864), and Eugenes sp. Jordan and Evermann, 1927, from the marine waters of Chamela Bay, Jalisco, Mexico...

  20. European Science Notes, Volume 40, Number 5. (United States)


    disorders (bipolar depression, schizophrenia). The neuro- Biological Sciences anatomy of CCI combined with a large body of neuropharmacological...Methods in Fluid Neohanics, by Eugene F. Brown. Presentations on aero-acoustic modeling, transition control, vortex shedding, domain recomposition methods

  1. Bug bites and stings: When to see a dermatologist

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Year Award Arnold P. Gold Foundation Humanism in Medicine Award Diversity Mentorship Program Eugene Van Scott Award ... News Advocacy priorities AADA Health System Reform Principles Drug pricing and availability CVS dermatologic formulary restrictions Access ...

  2. Dandruff: How to Treat

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Year Award Arnold P. Gold Foundation Humanism in Medicine Award Diversity Mentorship Program Eugene Van Scott Award ... News Advocacy priorities AADA Health System Reform Principles Drug pricing and availability CVS dermatologic formulary restrictions Access ...

  3. How to Stop Biting Your Nails

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Year Award Arnold P. Gold Foundation Humanism in Medicine Award Diversity Mentorship Program Eugene Van Scott Award ... News Advocacy priorities AADA Health System Reform Principles Drug pricing and availability CVS dermatologic formulary restrictions Access ...

  4. [Juzhnoselkupskij slovar N. P. Grigorovskogo] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-


    Juzhnoselkupskij slovar N. P. Grigorovskogo. Obrabotka i izdanie Jevgenija Helimskogo. Südselkupisches Wörterbuch von N. P. Grigorovski. Bearbeitet und herausgegeben von Eugen Helimski, Hamburg 2007. (Hamburger Sibirische Finnougrische Materialien. Habent Sua Fata Manuscripta. Band 4)

  5. 78 FR 76100 - Newspapers Used for Publication of Legal Notices for Pre-Decisional Administrative Review... (United States)


    ... National Forest Forest Supervisor decisions Whitman District Ranger decisions Baker City Herald, Baker City... Ranger decisions The Register Guard, Eugene, Oregon Detroit District Ranger decisions Statesman Journal..., Chehalis, Washington Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest Forest Supervisor decisions Darrington District...

  6. Üliõpilasteater käis maailma parimatega lava jagamas / Lennart Peep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peep, Lennart


    Belgias toimunud 25. rahvusvahelisest üliõpilasteatrite festivalist, kus osales Tartu Üliõpilasteater Eugene Ionesco "Ninasarvikuga" (lavastaja Kalev Kudu). Festivali korraldas Liege'i Kuninglik Ülikool

  7. Reversible Sterilization (United States)

    Largey, Gale


    Notes that difficult questions arise concerning the use of sterilization for alleged eugenic and euthenic purposes. Thus, how reversible sterilization will be used with relation to the poor, mentally ill, mentally retarded, criminals, and minors, is questioned. (Author/AM)

  8. Strategy to improve the burden of gestational diabetes in African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Strategy to improve the burden of gestational diabetes in African women: Rwandan perspective. Herbert T. Mapira, David K. Tumusiime, Kevin Yarasheski, Nadine Rujeni, Todd W. Cade, Eugene Mutimura ...

  9. 78 FR 36781 - Notice of Agreements Filed (United States)


    ... ( ) or by contacting the Office of Agreements at (202)-523-5793 or [email protected] River Stevedores, Inc. and South Jersey Port Corporation. Filing Party: Eugene Mattioni; Suite 200-399...

  10. Orient Journal of Medicine

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of maternal obesity on fetal weight and obstetric outcomes in an African population · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Eugene M. Ikeanyi, Alphonsus N. Onyiriuka, 71-77 ...

  11. Orelimuusika Eliisabetis ja Häädemeestel / Silja Joon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joon, Silja, 1966-


    Kontserdist "Fantasticus" (esinemas organist Ines Maidre ja viiuliduett Eugen ja Ingmar Simson-Valtin) 11. aug. Häädemeeste kirikus ja ameerika organisti James David Christie kontserdist 12. aug. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus

  12. The News Magazines and Minority Candidates--Campaign '76. (United States)

    Einsiedel, E. F.; Bibbee, M. Jane


    An analysis of the election stories about presidential candidates that appeared in three major news magazines during the 1976 presidential campaign reveals that coverage of Eugene McCarthy's candidacy was unbiased but meager. (GT)


    Macuglia, Daniele


    It is controversial whether the development of Fascist racism was influenced by earlier Italian eugenic research. Before the First International Eugenics Congress held in London in 1912, Italian eugenics was not characterized by a clear program of scientific research. With the advent of Fascism, however, the equality "number = strength" became the foundation of its program. This idea, according to which the improvement of a nation relies on the amplitude of its population, was conceived by statistician Corrado Gini (1884-1965) already in 1912. Focusing on the problem of the degeneration of the Italian race, Gini had a tremendous influence on Benito Mussolini's (1883-1945) political campaign, and shaped Italian social sciences for almost two decades. He was also a committed racist, as documented by a series of indisputable statements from the primary literature. All these findings place Gini in a linking position among early Italian eugenics, Fascism and official state racism.

  14. Ikka muusikat... / Ülle Noormägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormägi, Ülle


    Kontsertidel Põltsamaa kirikus orelipäevade raames esinevad 4.juulil Võhma Noortekoor ja saksa noortekoor Porta Westfalica, 5.juulil organist Ines Maidre ja viiuldaja Eugen Simson-Valtin, esinejatest

  15. Establishing Research and Management Priorities for Invasive Water Primroses (Ludwigia spp.) (United States)


    invasive (Reichard and White 2001). In 1733, English colonists established a plant introduction station and botanical gardens in Savannah, Georgia...City of Eugene Department of Parks and Open Space Division, Eugene, Oregon. 14pp. Cohen, M.F., C. Hare, J. Kozlowski, R.S. McCormick, L. Chen, wetlands of the Sinos River basin. Brazilian Journal of Biology 70:1179-1184. Martins, C. 1866. Sur les racines aérifères ou vessies natatoires

  16. Friction Laws and Energy Transfer in Circular Flow. Part 1 - The Law of Shear Stresses in Circular Flow. Part 2 - Energy Transfer in Circular Flow and Possible Applications (Explanation of the Hilsch or Ranque Effect) (United States)


    Applications (Explanation of the Hilsch or Ranque Effect) Eugen Knoernschild ABSTRACT When a gas streams tangentially into a tube , a flow which complies...Kassner Part H1 - Energy Transfer in Circular Flow and Possible Applications (Explanation of the Hilsch or Ranque Effect) by Eugen Knoernschild Propulsion...APPLICATIONS (THE EXPLANATION OF THE HILSCH OR RANQUE EFFECT) Page 1. Experiments of Hilsch ........... , ..................... 20 2. Posing of the Problem

  17. Homeland Security Collaboration: Catch Phrase or Preeminent Organizational Construct? (United States)


    collaboration? 11 Eugene Bardach , A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis (Washington, DC: CQ this idea is appropriate. In his book, A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis,37 Eugene Bardach challenges the “best practice” concept. of best practices, Bardach argues that a more suitable term would be “smart practices.” Bardach defines smart practices as adding value to an

  18. Understanding Country Planning: A Guide for Air Force Component Planners (United States)


    Proliferation and Federal Services, Committee on Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate, GAO-02-180T, November 14, 2001. 5 Bardach describes this phenomenon as...interorganizational collaboration capacity.” See Eugene Bardach , “Develop- mental Dynamics: Interagency Collaboration as an Emergent Phenomenon,” Journal...Interorganizational Networking Patterns Among Development Organizations,” Journal of Communication, Vol. 60, No. 2, June 2010, pp. 293–317. Bardach , Eugene

  19. Toward Economics as a New Complex System


    Kaizoji, Taisei


    The 2015 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert Shiller for their contributions to the empirical analysis of asset prices. Eugene Fama [1] is an advocate of the efficient market hypothesis. The efficient market hypothesis assumes that asset price is determined by using all available information and only reacts to new information not incorporated into the fundamentals. Thus, the movement of stock prices is unpredictable. Robert Shiller [2] has...

  20. Journal of the National Classification Management Society. Volume 20. Proceedings of the Annual Seminar Held at Las Vegas, Nevada on 22-25 May 1984 (United States)


    Gruber Irving T. Boker Gerald L. Berkin Clarissa M. DeAngelis Robert R. Fredlund, Jr. Elizabeth M. Heinbuch Bill Johnson James A. Maneggie...James H. Mathena Robert C. Moore Sandra Waller Eugene J. Suto Deputy Executive Secretary Barbara H. Suto Counselor Emeritus Donald B...Eugene J. Suto the Donald B. Woodbridge Award for Excellence as fol- lows: it AV«.^’-/-/».-^-.’’.-//-.- ■/.•«•.■v/.rv.-.y.- ’■•■-V

  1. Experimental Measurements of Concentration Fluctuations and Scales in a Dispersing Plume in the Atmospheric Surface Layer Obtained Using a Very Fast Response Concentration Detector (United States)


    Very Fast Response Concentration Detector EUGENE YEE Defence Research Establishment Suffield, Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada R. CHAN AND P. R...hazards posed by the release of highly toxic or flammable gases to an un- derstanding of fast nonlinear physicochemical pro- cesses required for the...from Corresponding author address: Eugene Y ee, Defence Research Es- tablishment Suffield, Box 4000, Medicine Hat, Alberta, TIA 8K6, Canada. «:l

  2. The road to abortion (II): how government got hooked. (United States)

    Meehan, M


    The first part of this series traced close links between eugenics (the effort to breed a "better" human race) and population control throughout the greater part of this century up to the 1960s. It stressed the population work of early eugenicists and eugenics sympathizers such as Frederick Osborn, Margaret Sanger, Gunnar Myrdal, Alan Guttmacher, Garrett Hardin and John D. Rockefeller 3rd. This second and concluding part will show how population controllers, from the 60s onward increasingly added economic and foreign-policy concerns to their original "eugenics" motive of improving human genetic stock. Working in both Democratic and Republican administrations, they gained major government backing for their programs and also played a key role in the legalization of abortion. I will use President Richard Nixon's administration as an example of heavy government involvement.

  3. Sexological Deliberation and Social Engineering: Albert Moll and the Sterilisation Debate in Late Imperial and Weimar Germany (United States)

    Bryant, Thomas


    The physician and sexologist Albert Moll, from Berlin, was one of the main protagonists within the German discourse on the opportunities and dangers of social engineering, by eugenic interventions into human life in general, as well as into reproductive hygiene and healthcare policy in particular. One of the main sexological topics that were discussed intensively during the late-Wilhelminian German Reich and the Weimar Republic was the question of the legalisation of voluntary and compulsory sterilisations on the basis of medical, social, eugenic, economic or criminological indications. As is clear from Moll’s conservative principles of medical ethics, and his conviction that the genetic knowledge required for eugenically indicated sterilisations was not yet sufficiently elaborated, he had doubts and worries about colleagues who were exceedingly zealous about these surgical sterilisations – especially Gustav Boeters from Saxony. PMID:23002295

  4. Widing Technically the Virtue: Utopia and Moral Enhancement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Martorell Campos


    Full Text Available This paper analyses the project of moral improving of the human being through the eugenics from the utopian view, connecting current works on moral enhancement with theoretical and literary works written in the XIXth and at the beginning of the XXth centuries that expressed the conviction that humanity improves, even morally, as a result of science and technology. Our thesis emphasizes the differences and similarities between the two paradigms that this aim has originated and, at the same time, it underlines the negative impacts that in our opinion certain eugenic assumptions have caused in the utopia.

  5. Gclust Server: 157154 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 157154 PoTR_575744 Cluster Sequences - 93 eugene3.00151139 1 1.00e-45 14.29 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 15715...4 Cluster ID 157154 Sequence ID PoTR_575744 Link to cluster sequences Cluster Link to related sequences - Sequence length 93 Representative annotation eugene3.00151139 Number of Seque...4.29 Other Bikonts (Chromalveolata, Excavata) (9species) (%) 0.0 Cyanobacteria (25species) (%) 0.0 Photosynthetic bacteria (15

  6. Gclust Server: 86492 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 86492 PoTR_591440 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(267) 554 eugene3.39080001 1 1....00e-28 14.29 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 86492 Cluster ID 86492 Sequence ID PoTR_591440 Link to cluster sequences Clus...notation eugene3.39080001 Number of Sequences 1 Homologs 1 Clustering threshold 1...uences for each species PoTR: 1 Species not appearing in this cluster ATH: 0 OSA: 0 PPT: 0 CRE: 0 OTAU: 0 CM

  7. Gclust Server: 50246 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 50246 PoTR_593442 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(3) 82 eugene3.52220001 2 1.00...e-22 14.29 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 50246 Cluster ID 50246 Sequence ID PoTR_593442 Link to cluster sequences Clus...on eugene3.52220001 Number of Sequences 2 Homologs 2 Clustering threshold 1.00e-2... for each species PoTR: 2 Species not appearing in this cluster ATH: 0 OSA: 0 PPT: 0 CRE: 0 OTAU: 0 CME: 0 G

  8. Gclust Server: 63265 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 63265 PoTR_573697 Cluster Sequences - 110 eugene3.00190171 2 1.00e-31 14.29 0.0 0.0... 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 63265 Cluster ID 63265 Sequence ID PoTR_573697 Link to cluster sequences Cluster Sequences... Link to related sequences - Sequence length 110 Representative annotation eugene3.00190171 Number of Sequences 2 Homologs 2 Clus...fungi) (8species) (%) 0.0 Number of Sequences for each species PoTR: 2 Species not appearing in this clus

  9. Gclust Server: 137076 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 137076 PoTR_587240 Cluster Sequences - 227 eugene3.209210001 1 1.00e-99 14.29 0.0 0....0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 137076 Cluster ID 137076 Sequence ID PoTR_587240 Link to cluster sequences Cluster Seque...nces Link to related sequences - Sequence length 227 Representative annotation eugene3.209210001 Number of not appearing in this cluster ATH: 0 OSA: 0 PPT: 0 CRE: 0 OTAU: 0 CME: 0 GTH: 0 PFA: 0 PTR: 0 TPS: 0 Ter:

  10. Eugenesia en Buenos Aires: discursos, prácticas, historiografía


    Diego Armus


    Resumen En la década de 1990, algunos estudios subrayaron la dominante presencia de la eugenesia positiva en la Argentina moderna. Enfatizaban en el lugar marginal que en los discursos eugenésicos tuvieron los violentos métodos de selección. En los últimos años esta perspectiva ha sido revisada, señalando la viscosidad conceptual de la eugenesia y la presencia de discursos eugenésicos negativos. Este artículo comenta estos avatares historiográficos y también se detiene en las narrativas que e...

  11. Gclust Server: 38628 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 38628 PoTR_558313 Cluster Sequences - 205 eugene3.00091573 3 1.00e-40 42.86 0.0 0.0... 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 38628 Cluster ID 38628 Sequence ID PoTR_558313 Link to cluster sequences Cluster Sequences... Link to related sequences - Sequence length 205 Representative annotation eugene3.00091573 Number of Sequences 3 Homologs 3 Clus...: 1 Species not appearing in this cluster PPT: 0 CRE: 0 OTAU: 0 CME: 0 GTH: 0 PFA: 0 PTR: 0 TPS: 0 Ter: 0 An

  12. Gclust Server: 109809 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 109809 PoTR_576865 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(70) 161 eugene3.00161000 1 1....00e-40 14.29 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 109809 Cluster ID 109809 Sequence ID PoTR_576865 Link to cluster sequences Clus...nnotation eugene3.00161000 Number of Sequences 1 Homologs 1 Clustering threshold ...quences for each species PoTR: 1 Species not appearing in this cluster ATH: 0 OSA: 0 PPT: 0 CRE: 0 OTAU: 0 C

  13. Genetic Enhancement and the Biopolitical Horizon of Class Conflict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wade Roberts


    Full Text Available In this paper I argue that the widespread use of liberal eugenics  would establish a biopolitical horizon for class conflict.  In the course of my discussion, I examine Foucault’s discussion of the origins of class racism in Society Must Be Defended.  I then turn to an examination of how a widespread use of genetic engineering could aggravate class divisions and produce new forms of class racism.  I conclude the essay with an overview of the political options which are available to opponents of liberal eugenics.

  14. Sex on the brain: the rise and fall of German sexual science. (United States)

    Amidon, Kevin S


    Throughout the nineteenth century, German medical, scientific and legal scholars found themselves puzzled and engaged by the diverse forms of human sexuality. Psychiatrists like Richard von Krafft-Ebing who were interested in explaining deviance encountered scientifically trained advocates for emancipation like Magnus Hirschfeld, and the result was the new--if unstable--discipline of sexual science. Because they based arguments for social intervention on knowledge of nature and the body, the field's proponents--like the advocates of eugenics and racial hygiene--argued that they were biologists. After 1900, this mutual biological engagement of sexual science and eugenics revealed itself in overlapping debates between the proponents of both fields.

  15. 635-IJBCS-Article- Dr Kunle Idowu

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    identified Baccilariophyceae (diatoms), Chlorophyceae (green algae) and Cyanophyceae (blue green). The green algae dominated the phytoplankton constituting 63.3% in the surface and ..... In Research Techniques in Biological and. Chemical Sciences, Eugene NO and OO. Julian (Eds). Springfield Publishers; 174-. 189.

  16. Romantikutest, armastusega ja ja halastuseta / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-


    Kolmest suvelavastusest: Tiit Palu dramatiseering Gustave Flaubert'i teosest "Madame Bovary" Endla teatris, Marcel Pagnoli "Tuulesaared", lavastaja Maria Peterson - Theatrum ja MTÜ Arhipelaag Hiiumaal Tahkuna tuletorni all ja Eugene O'Neilli "Iha jalakate all", lavastaja Roman Baskin, MTÜ Kell Kümme Kurgjal Jakobsoni talumuuseumis

  17. Gclust Server: 17173 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 17173 PoTR_584616 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(47) 143 eugene3.01650001 6 1....00e-28 42.86 11.11 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 17173 Cluster ID 17173 Sequence ID PoTR_584616 Link to cluster seque

  18. Partons and jets at the LHC

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Partons and jets at the LHC. DAVISON E SOPER. Institute of Theoretical Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403-5203, USA. Abstract. I review some issues related to short distance QCD and its relation to the experimental program of the large hadron collider (LHC) now under construction in Geneva. Keywords.

  19. Department of Defense General/Flag Officer Worldwide Roster, June 1994 (United States)



  20. Joshua Lederberg's Legacy to Bacterial Genetics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)


    the genetics of higher organisms (Mendelian genetics) advanced by leaps and bounds giving rise to offshoots like population genetics and eugenics. As far as bacterial genetics is concerned, even the very existence of hereditary phenomena in microbes was being debated. There. Joshua Lederberg's Legacy to Bacterial ...

  1. Rafał Becker: psychiatrist, eugenist, Zionist. (United States)

    Marcinowski, Filip; Nasierowski, Tadeusz


    In the interwar period the eugenic ideas gained the status of a scientific theory and become attractive to a wide range of physicians. Among them were doctors of Jewish origin who perceived eugenics as a tool in the fight for biological rebirth of the Jewish nation. Polish-Jewish psychiatrist Raphael Becker (1891-1939?), the author of dozens of scientific papers, was the most famous eugenist among Jewish psychiatrists, not only in Poland but also in Europe. After graduation in medicine at the University in Zurich and training in the psychiatry clinic Burghölzli under the guidance of Eugen Bleuler, Rafał Becker became interested in the question of epidemiology of mental disorders among the Jews. In the interwar period, dealing with the statistics of mental disorders among Polish Jews, and directing a psychiatric hospital "Zofiówka" in Otwock, he significantly contributed to the development of medical care for the mentally ill Jews in Poland. Becker's scientific ideas were greatly influenced by the work of Alfred Adler and Ernst Kretschmer. The article presents the life and scientific achievements of Becker, with particular emphasis on his views on eugenics.

  2. "Civilizar la libido": estrategias ambientales de la eugenesia en la Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Vallejo


    This work approaches the eugenics’ role in Argentina from 1930, moment when the Italian biotipology –intimately linked with the Catholic Church– was consolidated in this country. That eugenics version canalized the elites’ reaction to a trend of the sexual free morality and it tried a disciplined obeisance to roles of gender.

  3. Investigation of Hydrophobic Concrete Additive for Seawall Replacement at Pililaau Army Recreation Center, Hawaii (United States)


    17 4.2 Projected return on investment (ROI) .............................................................19 5...Eugene Arter – Engineering Technician, US Army Garrison Hawaii (USAP-PTA/DPW) The Commander of ERDC was COL Bryan S. Green , and the Director was...evalua- tions would have provided a method to conduct a return on investment analysis and estimate life cycle; however this phase of the project could

  4. 76 FR 11809 - Environmental Documents Prepared for Proposed Oil, Gas, and Mineral Operations by the Gulf of... (United States)


    ... shoreline. Forest Oil Corporation, Structure Eugene Island, Block 8/30/2010 Removal, SEA ES/SR 08-106. 287... 01127, SR 10-116. located 49 miles from the nearest Louisiana shoreline. ] Stone Energy Corporation... from the nearest Louisiana shoreline. Stone Energy Corporation, Ship Shoal, Block 119, 9/2/2010...

  5. Investigation of Field-Collected Data Using Diffuse and Specular, Forward and Reverse Radiative Transfer Models (United States)


    statement made by Fresnel’s equations ( Hecht 1998), that at angles of incidence (correspondingly, reflectance angles here) which approach 90°, any...Optical Remote Sensing." International Journal Of Remote Sensing 30.6 (2009): 1407-1424. Computer Source. 8 Jan. 2015. Hecht , Eugene. Optics. Hecht

  6. USAF/SCEEE Summer Faculty Research Program (1979). Volume 1 (United States)


    of a problem on an Air Force base if proper planning takes place. It is also possible, due to the makeup of most bases in the Air Force, that the Air...Location: W.P.A.F.B. AFFDL/ FX USAF Research Colleague: Eugene Maddox Date: 11 September 1979 Contract No: F49620-79-C-0038 !I. i"N OPTIMIZED HOLOGRAPHY

  7. Editorial

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)


    the Second World War in the name of eugenics, the world rejected the idea that we are what our genes are. It became politically incorrect to have any truck with the idea that genes are responsible for the way we think and behave. But a few brave souls ventured to address this question using non-human paradigms.

  8. Forum: A New Culture of Learning (United States)

    Hess, Mary E.; Gallagher, Eugene V.; Turpin, Katherine


    These brief essays by Mary Hess, Eugene Gallagher, and Katherine Turpin are solicited responses from three different contexts to the provocative book by Douglas Thomas and John Seely Brown, "The New Culture of Learning" (2011). Mary Hess writes from a seminary context, providing a critical summary of the authors' major concepts and…

  9. ministry to the congregation according to the letter to the ephesians

    African Journals Online (AJOL) [2013, 28 March]. Chester, t. & timmis, s. 2007. Total church: A radical reshaping around gospel and community. Gosport: Ashford Colour Press. CohiCk, l.h.. 2010. Ephesians: A new covenant commentary. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books. CrABB, l. 2009. Real church. Does it exist?

  10. Annotating Percival Kirby's autobiography concerning his studies at ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hierdeur het hy 'n deurslaggewende rol in die ontwikkeling van sowel klassieke as inheemse musiek in Suid-Afrika gespeel. Keywords: Lewis Barrett; Aubrey Brain; Leonard Carrodus; James Friskin; Eugene Goossens; Arthur Hedges; Percival Kirby; Philip Levine; Hubert Parry; Frederick J. Read; Royal College of Music; ...

  11. Wrestling with Data: Learning Network Grapples with How to Gather and Analyze Valuable Information (United States)

    Rasmussen, Harriette Thurber


    As facilitator, the author noted some trepidation in the room as the eight secondary principals from Eugene (Oregon.) School District 4J quietly discussed questions that surfaced through their hopes and fears exercise. Could the practice of visiting classrooms together help them to better lead instruction in their buildings? Would this process…

  12. Gclust Server: 44438 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 44438 PoTR_553402 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(39) 106 eugene3.00030035 2 1.00e-50 14.29 0.0 0...0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 44438 Cluster ID 44438 Sequence ID PoTR_553402 Link to cluster sequences Cluster

  13. Gclust Server: 115444 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 115444 PoTR_588287 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(41) 118 eugene3.23790001 1 1.00e-60 14.29 0.0...0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 115444 Cluster ID 115444 Sequence ID PoTR_588287 Link to cluster sequences Cluster

  14. Gclust Server: 24444 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 24444 PoTR_591312 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(47) 141 eugene3.37810001 4 1.00e-19 14.29 0.0 0...0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 24444 Cluster ID 24444 Sequence ID PoTR_591312 Link to cluster sequences Cluster

  15. 77 FR 39226 - Applications for New Awards: Technical Assistance and Dissemination To Improve Services and... (United States)


    ... Positive Behavior Support. School Psychology Review, 35(2), 245-259. Turnbull, A., Edmonson, H., Griggs, P...). Evaluation blueprint for school-wide positive behavior support. Eugene, OR: National Technical Assistance Center on Positive Behavior Interventions and Support. Retrieved from

  16. Oppression and Revolt in Chimamanda Adichie's Purple Hibiscus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the oppressive practice of Chimamanda Adichie's character – Eugene in Purple Hibiscus on members of his nuclear family. This oppression endangers normal ... of human endeavour. This is because the reaction to the phenomenon of oppression, which is revolutionary in nature is always disastrous.

  17. CP violating rate asymmetries in B decays ∑

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    CP violating rate asymmetries in B decays. N G DESHPANDE. Institute of Theoretical Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403-5203, USA. Email: Abstract. We briefly discuss measurements of angles β and α of the unitarity triangle. We then review rate asymmetries using SU´3µ ...

  18. The emerging era of novel tropical forests (United States)

    A.E. Lugo


    In 1966 Eugene P. Odum delivered a speech before the Ecological Society of America that transformed the way ecologists looked at succession. His comparison of mature and successional systems lead ecologists to place secondary forests in an inferior position relative to mature ones to the point that today, prominent tropical biologists argue for and against the...

  19. Interagency Collaborative Arrangements and Activities: Types, Rationales, Considerations (Interagency Paper, Number 5, June 2011) (United States)


    explanation, pp. 6-7. 4. Ibid., p. 6. In so doing, GAO adopted language from Eugene Bardach , Getting Agencies to Work Together: The Practice and...National Academy of Public Administration: Washington, DC, 2007), p. 3, who provides a fuller discussion of the differences (pp. 3-5); and Bardach

  20. Coordination within Peacebuilding Institutions: Three Case Studies from Reconstruction Efforts in Brcko, Bosnia (United States)


    works of Eugene Bardach and Arturo Israel are significant in their application of organizational theory to the issue of coordination. Israel...Meanwhile, Bardach advocated for a more results oriented management approach to coordination, viewing coordination as a necessary tool. To Bardach , a

  1. Emerging Threat to America: Non-State Entities Fighting Fourth Generation Warfare in Mexico (United States)


    14 Political acceptability is a term used by Eugene Bardach (2000) in the Practical Guide for Policy Analysis. 66 War is just one of...March 18, 2010, from Bardach , E. (2000). A practical guide for policy analysis: The

  2. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 19, Number 2, Issue 62, April 2012 (United States)


    termination decision—a phenomenon first observed by Eugene Bardach in his article “Policy Termination as a Political Process” (1976, p. 125). A former...helicopter doctrines of the major powers, 1945–1992: Making decisions about air-land warfare. Westport: Greenwood Press. Bardach , e. (1976, June). Policy

  3. Making Sense in the Edge of Chaos: A Framework for Effective Initial Response Efforts to Large-Scale Incidents (United States)


    While the ad hoc networks that form during an incident response are indeed inevitable and important, perhaps the “smart practice” ( Bardach 1) here is...Situations Caused by Flooding.” E:CO 9 (2007): 37–43. Print. Bardach , Eugene. “Part III: Smart Practices Research.” N.p.: n.d. Print. Barrett

  4. Local Jurisdictions and Active Shooters: Building Networks, Building Capacities (United States)


    practices. Eugene Bardach describes smart practice research as any practice that encompasses something “clever” that once analyzed, is applicable...Backwoods Home Magazine, 81. Retrieved May 8, 2010, from Bardach , E. (2000). Part III “Smart

  5. Policy Options Analysis of Assistance to Firefighters Grant Program (United States)


    multi-goal policy analysis. Professor Eugene Bardach , at the University of California, Berkeley, summarizes a multi-goal policy analysis as...much as four years of war. Retrieved March 3, 2011, from http:/ Bardach , E. (2009). A practical guide for policy analysis

  6. Leveraging Successful Collaborative Processes to Improve Performance Outcomes in Large-Scale Event Planning: Super Bowl, A Planned Homeland Security Event (United States)


    organizations that is intended to produce more public value than could be produced when the organizations act alone” ( Bardach , 2001, p. 45). While often used...MacMillan. Bardach , Eugene. (2001). “Developmental dynamics: Interagency collaboration as an emergent phenomenon.” Journal of Public Administration

  7. Integrating Civilian Agencies in Stability Operations (United States)


    Bardach , Getting Agencies to Work Together: The Practice and Theory of Managerial Craftsmanship, Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 1998...Educational Technology & Society, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2002, pp. 60–68. Bardach , Eugene, Getting Agencies to Work Together: The Practice and Theory of

  8. Proxemics on Page and Stage: O’Neill’s Long Day’s Journey into Night - and Bergman’s

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Törnqvist, E.


    The article focuses on the production of film director Eugene O'Neill with the "Long Day's Journey into Night" presented at the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm, Sweden, and discusses the proxemics on stage performance. It mentions the levels of proxemic or spatial character relations among the

  9. The Armed Forces Epidemiological Board: Its First Fifty Years, 1940-1990 (United States)


    omitted. T i W] 2. Conduct similar periodic surveys in the Department of Puerto Rico with special reference to the preva- lence of Brucella and enteric...dhass, Donald Elh.D, 1970-1976 Stanford Medical Center van er chile , enrv PhD, 153-973Weinbach Eugene C., 1961-1963van er chaiel-lnrvPh , 153

  10. individual maxims and the redaction of q

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    understanding, Q's final stage of editorial activity included the following three aspects.2 Firstly, a redactor simply ... 8 Given the prevalence of gender‑based discrimination in antiquity, the main redactor was in all probability a ...... Jesus and identity: Reconstructing Judean ethnicity in Q. Eugene,. OR: Cascade. EDWArDs, r.A..

  11. Astronaut Harrison Schmitt retrieving lunar samples during EVA (United States)


    Scientist-Astronaut Harrison Schmitt, Apollo 17 lunar module pilot, with his adjustable sampling scoop, heads for a selected rock on the lunar surface to retrieve the sample for study. The action was photographed by Apollo 17 crew commander, Astronaut Eugene A. Cernan on the mission's second extravehicular activity (EVA-2), at Station 5 (Camelot Crater) at the Taurus-Littrow landing site.

  12. Astronaut Harrison Schmitt seated in Lunar Roving Vehicle during EVA-3 (United States)


    Scientist-Astronaut Harrison H. Schmitt is photographed seated in the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) at Station 9 (Van Serg Crater) during the third Apollo 17 extrvehicular activity (EVA-3) at the Taurus-Littrow landing site. This photograph was taken by Astronaut Eugene A. Cernan, crew commander.

  13. Stress Management for Sport. (United States)

    Zaichkowsky, Leonard D., Ed.; Sime, Wesley E., Ed.

    Included in this volume are papers on stress management in athletics; eight of the ten papers are followed with a "Coach's Reaction": (1) "Competitive Athletic Stress Factors in Athletes and Coaches" (Walter Kroll); (2) "Mental Preparation for Peak Performance in Swimmers" (Eugene F. Gauron)--Coach's Reaction by Suzi…

  14. Rwanda Journal - Vol 4, No 1 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Strategy to improve the burden of gestational diabetes in African women: Rwandan perspective · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Herbert T. Mapira, David K. Tumusiime, Kevin Yarasheski, Nadine Rujeni, Todd W. Cade, Eugene Mutimura, 36-38.

  15. Series

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)



    Nov 9, 2010 ... Neo-Lamarckism delayed the development of genetics in France (Burian et al. 1988; Burian and Gayon. 1999), and the reception of Darwinism. A positive side effect of this domination of neo-Lamarckism was seen in the programmes adopted by the French eugenic movement, which was as active in France ...

  16. Üliõpilasteater sõidab Belgiasse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Tartu Üliõpilasteater on Eugene Ionesco "Ninasarvikuga" (lavastaja Kalev Kudu) Belgias festivalil. Festivali korraldab Liege'i Kuninglik Ülikool ja sellest saab alguse Tartu Üliõplasteatri ja Liege'i Kuningliku Ülikooli teatri kolmeaastane koostööprojekt, mida rahastavad peamiselt mõlema riigi kultuuriministeeriumid

  17. Tallinna Niguliste kiriku mumifitseerunud kindralfeldmarssal / Kalmar Ulm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ulm, Kalmar


    1702. aastal Tallinna Niguliste kirikusse sängitatud belgia aadlikust Charles Eugene de Croy'st (1650-1702), kelle surnukeha aastasadade vältel ei lagunenud ning pälvis nimetuse Liivimaa muumia. Foto muumiast pärineb aastast 1896

  18. Mati Soomre maitseb tõlkides lauseid / Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikomägi, Margus, 1956-


    Eugene O'Neilli näidendi "Pikk päevatee kaob öösse" uuslavastuse tõlke tegija Mati Soomre. Lavastaja Merle Karusoo, esietendus Keila-Joa mõisas 14. juunil. Lisaks "O'Neilli remargisõnastik" ja lühidalt tõlkijast. Artikkel ilmub ajaleherubriigis "Teatriküljed 4/28"

  19. Linn kui (kuri)teopaik : sürrealism / Liina Siib ; tõlk. Tiina Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siib, Liina


    Eugene Atget' (1857-1927) ja Jacques-Andre Boiffard'i (1902-1961) Pariisi fotodest. Man Ray (1890-1976) ostis E. Atget'lt fotosid ja avaldas neli fotot anonüümsena kahes ajakirja La Revolution Surrealiste numbris (1926). Need olid ainsad E. Atget' eluajal publitseeritud fotod. Kumu Kunstimuuseumis tehtud ettekande põhjal. Sisaldab bibliograafiat

  20. H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest. (United States)

    Art McKee; Pamela. Druliner


    The H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest is a world renowned center for research and education about the ecology and management of forests and streams. Located about 50 miles (80 km) east of Eugene, Oregon, the Andrews Experimental Forest lies in the Blue River Ranger District of the Willamette National Forest. Established in 1948, the Experimental Forest is administered...

  1. Upgrading your Quality Management System to ISO 9000 Standards ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Upgrading your Quality Management System to ISO 9000 Standards. Eugene Okolie. Abstract. No Abstract Available LBS Management Review Vol.5(2) 2000: 73-81. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Article Metrics. Metrics Loading ... Metrics powered by ...

  2. Interpreting South African cultural clashes through Darwinian eyes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... be known as Afrikaans culture as no less worthy and civilised than that of the British and for the application of a radically adapted version of social Darwinism to conflicts between white and black South Africans. Key words: Balmforth, Darwin, Darwinism, eugenics, evolution, Kant, social. Darwinism, survival of the fittest ...

  3. Sõõrumaa avab homme galerii / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-2016


    17. detsembril avatakse Tallinnas Rotermanni kvartalis Roseni t. 8 Urmas Sõõrumaa eragalerii US Art Gallery avanäitus, kus on väljas 75 teost. Eksponeeritud Peet Areni, Ann Audova, Eugen Gustav Dückeri, Franz Gebhardti, Johannes Võerahansu, Eduard Wiiralti, Richard Uutmaa jpt. tööd

  4. Computer Modeling of Complete IC Fabrication Process. (United States)


    Ocean Systems Both 239. Eugene Kelly Naval Ocean Systems Both 240. Mariano Lalumi ITT - CIS Both 241. Liang Lee Fairchild Both 242. Eliott Levinthal...Richard G. Cosway Motorola 8-17 William P. Cox AMD 8-17 Peter Cuevas Xicor 8-18 Shizue S. Davis RCA Labs 3 days Peter H. Decher HP 8-18,19 Ewald Detjens

  5. A compromise of rights, rights of language and rights to a language ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The trial (within a trial) of Eugene Terre'Blanche (hereon referred to as the ET Trial) in a high court, which took place in Ventersdorp in January and February 2010 sparked intense interest in South Africa and abroad, and raised critical questions about issues of (i) language rights, (ii) communicative competence of law ...

  6. A compromise of rights, rights of language and rights to a language ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. The trial (within a trial) of Eugene Terre'Blanche (hereon referred to as the ET Trial) in a high court, which took place in Ventersdorp in January and February 2010 sparked intense interest in South Africa and abroad, and raised critical questions about issues of (i) language rights, (ii) communicative competence of ...

  7. A Man-Portable Vector Sensor for Identification of Unexploded Ordnance (United States)


    the pitch, yaw, and roll are determined correctly. III. EXAMPLE INVERSIONS USING THE MPV A. Dipole Model A popular and useful technique for 1990, was short- listed for the Premio Nacional de Literatura in 1998, and received the Eugene M. Isenberg Award from the Isenberg School of

  8. Applying Bakhtin Scholarship on Discourse in Education: A Critical Review Essay (United States)

    Matusov, Eugene


    Recently, Bakhtinian philologists have charged scholars of education with misapplying Bakhtin's scholarship in their field. In this critical essay, Eugene Matusov reviews two recent edited collections relevant to this issue: Arnetha F. Ball and Sarah Warshauer Freedman's Bakhtinian Perspectives on Language, Literacy, and Learning and Bonny Norton…

  9. Family Values in American Drama. (United States)

    Brown, Joanne

    When an educator was invited by a Chinese university to teach a seminar in American drama, she used "family drama" as the organizing theme of her course because she was (and is) convinced that from Eugene O'Neill on, American playwrights have been obsessed with family disintegration and the failure of family harmony. This paper is an…

  10. American Sterilization: The Racist Justifications for Sterilization in the United States


    Trevor Price


    An investigative analysis into anthropometrics, sterilization, eugenics, and other forms of scientific racism used to justify white supremacy and racial thought in the 19th and 20th centuries in the United States. The Tuskegee syphilis study, Darwinistic ideals, and neo-Lamarckian thoughts are critically analyzed as justifications for institutional racism.

  11. New Radiation Therapy Systems: Applications to Human Cancer Treatment and Novel Drug Discovery (United States)


    Dino, Pamela M. Feng, Yi Fiscus, Ronald Gach, H Michael Hayes, Eugene F. Johlfs, Mary McGregor, John 34 Pizzorno, Giuseppe Roach, Joseph Dana Jr...apoptosis. Counter- vailing influences of nitric oxide and angiotensin II. Circ Res 1996;79: 748–56. [17] Shimojo T, Hiroe M, Ishiyama S, Ito H, Nishikawa T

  12. 78 FR 64234 - Notice of Reinstatement of Customs Broker Licenses; Correction (United States)


    ........... 05773 New York. Palmieri Eugene D 02632 New York. Rea Robert 03980 New York. Reid Derick 15453 New York. Ronan William G 23177 New York. Rowan Susan M 09932 New York. Stettner Robert 05894 New York. Valdes Dorianne 17091 New York. Walsh John X 03979 New York. Wang Chia S 15452 New York. Weinstock Richard 05119...

  13. Leadership and Society: A Comparative Study of the Views of Kurt Lewin and Raymond B. Cattell. (United States)

    Cowell, Catherine R.

    The author contrasts the views of two theorists on leadership and communications, Raymond B. Cattell and Kurt Lewin. Cattell takes the authoritarian view that leaders are born, not made, and proposes the application of eugenic measures to develop the leaders that society needs, also stressing the importance of research to help to identify leaders.…

  14. Subscriber Behavior and Attitudes One Year after PM-AM Conversion. (United States)

    Rarick, Galen R.; Lemert, James B.

    Because newspapers have begun switching from evening to morning publication with increasing frequency, a study investigated subscriber response to change in publication time and in subscriber behavior over time. In follow-up to an earlier study on subscriber reactions to the conversion to morning publication of the weekday Eugene (Oregon)…

  15. Alternative Newspapers and Mobilizing Information. (United States)

    Stanfield, Douglas W.; Lemert, James B.


    Examines the use of Mobilizing Information (MI)--information that helps people act on the attitudes they already have--in two alternative newspapers: Portland, Oregon's "Williamette Week," and Eugene, Oregon's "Valley Observer." States that the activist newspaper, the "Valley Observer," had a higher MI rate than the…

  16. General Federation of Women's Clubs: A Role Playing Exercise for Studying the Progressive Era. (United States)

    Barker, Sherman


    Provides an example of a role-playing exercise which takes place as a result of an imaginary caucus of women's groups meeting in the fall of 1912. The purpose of the caucus is to determine which of four presidential candidates--Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Eugene Debs--will receive the endorsement of the women's…

  17. Eesti tööõpetuse alustalad / Endel Rihvk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rihvk, Endel


    Lühiülevaade Eesti tööõpetuse õpetamisest ja suurkujudest: Eugen Bachblum, Villu Bauman, Agu Jaanson, August Kõrbe, Endel Land, Elmar Meiorg, Sergei Menshikov, Arseni Mölder, Geenart Nagel, Hans Niit, Arseni Reinumäe, Hugo Saaremets, Oleg Tefanov, Lembit Toome, Enno Toost, Julius Ungru, Priidu Valk, Ravo Vasari, Uno Vellomäe

  18. Understanding Propaganda: The Epistemic Merit Model and its Application to Art (United States)

    Ross, Sheryl Tuttle


    Pablo Picasso's "Guernica," Francisco de Goya's "Fifth of May," Eugene Delacroix's "Liberty Leading the People," George Orwell's "Road to Wigan Pier," Leni Riefenstahl's "Triumph of the Will," and D. W. Griffith's "Birth of a Nation," are all examples of expressly political art. Historically some art has been not only an object of aesthetic…

  19. Mississippi and Louisiana Estuarine Areas. Freshwater Diversion to Lake Pontchartrain Basin and Mississippi Sound. Feasibility Study. Volume 4. Public Views and Responses. (United States)


    Mrs. George Ledoux Self Mr. James G. Drake Self Mrs. Myrtle Creecy Self Mrs. Dorothy Richard Self Mrs. Irma Eugene Self Mrs. Barbara A. Dunn Self Mrs...happened--saltwater intrusion. He added that when the hurricane protection system and the barrier system in the Chef and the Rigolets Pass was designed

  20. Gclust Server: 142020 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 142020 PoTR_585588 Cluster Sequences - 54 eugene3.180960001 1 1.00e-25 14.29 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 1420...20 Cluster ID 142020 Sequence ID PoTR_585588 Link to cluster sequences Cluster Sequen

  1. The "Lethal Chamber": Further Evidence of the Euthanasia Option. (United States)

    Elks, Martin A.


    Historical discussions of the euthanasia or "lethal chamber" option in relation to people with mental retardation are presented. The paper concludes that eugenic beliefs in the primacy of heredity over environment and the positive role of natural selection may have condoned the poor conditions characteristic of large, segregated institutions and…

  2. Euthanasia and Mental Retardation: Suggesting the Unthinkable. (United States)

    Hollander, Russell


    The article examines current opinions toward euthanasia of persons with mental retardation in light of the history of public and professional attitudes. It also discusses the rejection of euthanasia on moral and religious grounds, and notes the use of lifelong incarceration, based on eugenics principles, to accomplish similar ends. (DB)

  3. Gclust Server: 42828 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 42828 PoTR_582425 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(118) 206 eugene3.138550001 2 1.00e-90 14.29 0.0...0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 42828 Cluster ID 42828 Sequence ID PoTR_582425 Link to cluster sequences Cluster

  4. Inflammation. Courseware Evaluation for Vocational and Technical Education. (United States)

    Yarbrough, Stephen

    This courseware evaluation rates the "Inflammation" program developed by Lane Community College in Eugene, Oregon. (This program--not contained in this document--introduces students to the possible causes, signs, and protective benefits of inflammation.) Part A describes the program in terms of subject area (allied health, nursing), and…

  5. Mentors: Making a Difference in Our Public Schools. (United States)

    Evans, Thomas W.

    This book describes the success of mentor programs and of individuals such as Hillary Clinton, Barbara Bush, Bill Cosby, and Arnold Schwarzenegger among many others, who have worked as mentors in public schools. The first section describes the work of Eugene Lang and his "I Have a Dream" program. The second section describes the work of…

  6. Development of Biomimetic Surfaces by Vesicle Fusion (United States)


    Alabaster, AL), 1,2-dihexadecanoyl- sn-glycero-3- phosphoethanolamine , triethylammonium salt (Texas Red® DHPE) purchased from Molecular Probes (Eugene...incident beam (superindices). See Figure 6. ir spE , , i sp r spsp ,,, εεε −=∆ Substrate Angle of Incidence Incident Beam λ=632.8 nm ReflectedBeam

  7. Research notes : high-speed rail survey results. (United States)


    The survey was conducted from April 2010 to June 2010 using both a print and a web version with identical questions. The print version of the survey was distributed at open house meetings on high-speed rail held in Eugene, Junction City, Albany, Sale...

  8. 77 FR 49854 - Tier 1 Environmental Impact Statement for the Oregon Portion of the Pacific Northwest Rail... (United States)


    ...). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The federally designated PNWRC has been the subject of high-speed passenger rail... Pacific Northwest Rail Corridor (Portland to Eugene) AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), U.S..., 2012. Corey Hill, Director, Rail Project Development and Delivery. BILLING CODE 4910-06-P ...

  9. Satire and Utopian Vision in Hugo, Dickens, and Zamiatin. (United States)

    Grossman, Kathryn M.


    Examines Victor Hugo's "Ninety-three," Charles Dickens'"Tale of Two Cities," and Eugene Zamiatin's "We" as examples of romantic satire, considering in each work the quest motif, the oedipal themes, the dystopian vision, and the role of love. (AYC)

  10. Book Analysis: Terrorism - How the West Can Win. (United States)


    Hearing... 98th Cong., 2d Sess., Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1986. Articles and Periodicals Brady, Julio A. "The Threat of Terrorism to...Goldberg Eugene Rostow Walter Berns Burton M. Leiser Meir Shamgar VII. The Domestic Battle Edwin Meese, III William H. Webster Christian Lochte VIII

  11. Confronting Science: The Dilemma of Genetic Testing. (United States)

    Zallen, Doris T.


    Considers the opportunities and ethical issues involved in genetic testing. Reviews the history of genetics from the first discoveries of Gregor Mendel, through the spurious pseudo-science of eugenics, and up to the discovery of DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick. Explains how genetic tests are done. (MJP)

  12. Gclust Server: 142065 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 142065 PoTR_585728 Cluster Sequences - 58 eugene3.182720001 1 1.00e-25 14.29 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 142065... Cluster ID 142065 Sequence ID PoTR_585728 Link to cluster sequences Cluster Sequen

  13. Boekbespreking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijden, van der Ruud


    H. Haeupler & T. Muer, Bildatlas der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands, Eugen Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart. 2000, 759 pag., >4000 kleurenfoto’s + detailtekeningen en -foto’s, ƒ 185, ISBN 3-8001-3364-4. Dit magistrale fotoboek overtreft de toch ook prachtige Flora Helvetica (zie Gorteria 22: 170).

  14. A perferct 'treatment-society'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal


    explanation. The second part is a view into Danish and German history on eugenics since the early 1930'es. Different policy, different goals - but similar effect: the nonentities were excluded. In the second part two modern theoreticians are used to give a better understanding: Zygmunt Bauman as partner...

  15. Gclust Server: 142015 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 142015 PoTR_559006 Cluster Sequences - 58 eugene3.00050621 1 1.00e-25 14.29 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 142015... Cluster ID 142015 Sequence ID PoTR_559006 Link to cluster sequences Cluster Sequenc

  16. Impact Factors for the "Journal of Teaching in Physical Education"--What Are They and Are They Important? (United States)

    McBride, Ron


    The notion of an impact factor was first posited by Eugene Garfield (1972) to study the use, prestige, and status of scientific journals. The Institute for Scientific Information created the impact factor as a means to measure the number of times an "average article" published in a journal was cited over a particular time period ("The impact…

  17. Genetic testing, governance, and the family in the People's Republic of China. (United States)

    Sleeboom-Faulkner, Margaret Elizabeth


    In western countries the rise of genetic testing has been accompanied by ethical arrangements like autonomy and informed consent that help to dissociate genetics from eugenic policies. However, critics have argued that this trend to increase individual choice should be considered as a neoliberal governance strategy to promote bio-citizenship. These western concepts are often used to discuss genetic testing in the People's Republic of China as well. China's population policy has a reputation for condoning eugenic practices and for ruthless one-child and family planning policies, but there have been many reforms recently, which, together with the revival and development of traditional religions and beliefs, have complicated the discussion about the meaning of the Chinese family. In this context, the introduction of genetic testing in China has been linked to state eugenics as well as post-reform neo-liberalist governance. Based on fieldwork and various archival and literature studies it explores genetic testing in five different Chinese contexts. The analysis makes clear that, although population planning in China proceeds from the idea that the planning of family health leads to a healthier population, traditional beliefs, individual initiative, group pressure, commercial organisations and state policies make for an amalgam of genetic testing practices that cannot be understood in terms of eugenics or liberal governance. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. 76 FR 5243 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus (United States)


    ... qualified to drive a commercial motor vehicle if that person has no established medical history or clinical... willingness to properly monitor and manage his/her diabetes mellitus, received education related to diabetes... exempts, Richard B. Angus, James T. Bezold, Allen C. Cornelius, Eugene M. Johnson, Michael A. McHenry...

  19. Governmentality, biopower, and the debate over genetic enhancement. (United States)

    McWhorter, Ladelle


    Although Foucault adamantly refused to make moral pronouncements or dictate moral principles or political programs to his readers, his work offers a number of tools and concepts that can help us develop our own ethical views and practices. One of these tools is genealogical analysis, and one of these concepts is "biopower." Specifically, this essay seeks to demonstrate that Foucault's concept of biopower and his genealogical method are valuable as we consider moral questions raised by genetic enhancement technologies. First, it examines contemporary debate over the development, marketing, and application of such technologies, suggesting that what passes for ethical deliberation is often little more than political maneuvering in a field where stakes are very high and public perceptions will play a crucial role in decisions about which technologies will be funded or disallowed. It goes on to argue that genuine ethical deliberation on these issues requires some serious investigation of their historical context. Accordingly, then, it takes up the oft-heard charge from critics that genetic enhancement technologies are continuous with twentieth-century eugenic projects or will usher in a new age of eugenics. Foucault explicitly links twentieth-century eugenics with the rise of biopower. Through review of some aspects of the twentieth-century eugenics movement alongside some of the rhetoric and claims of enhancement's modern-day proponents, the essay shows ways in which deployment of genetic enhancement technologies is and is not continuous with earlier deployments of biopower.

  20. Clarifying and Teaching Bohm-Bawerk's "Marginal Pairs." (United States)

    Egger, John B.


    Briefly defines and provides some background on Eugen von Bohm-Bawerk's "marginal pairs" theory of pricing. Asserts that Bohm-Bawerk's theory is a good introduction to the Austrian school of economics and illustrates the differences between this approach and neoclassical economic theory. Includes several graphs and tables of data. (MJP)

  1. 77 FR 3277 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings (United States)


    ... Low-Cost Medical Devices. Date: February 15-16, 2012. Time: 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. Agenda: To review and...-17, 2012. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: Hotel...: Handlery Union Square Hotel, 351 Geary Street, San Francisco, CA 94102. Contact Person: Eugene Carstea, Ph...

  2. Marking-Out Normalcy and Disability in Higher Education (United States)

    Madriaga, Manuel; Hanson, Katie; Kay, Helen; Walker, Ann


    This article advocates for socially just pedagogies in higher education to challenge senses of normalcy that perpetuate elitist academic attitudes towards the inclusion of disabled students. Normalcy is equated here with an everyday eugenics, which heralds a non-disabled person without "defects", or impairments, as the ideal norm. This…

  3. Monopolies, our secret love

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wu, Tim


    ... of monopoly has fallen into the same category as the advocacy of eugenics. But take a look around. What do you actually see, in so many important markets? The answer, quite obviously, is rule by either a single dominant firm or a small group. This is particularly true in the information and communications industries. Search engines? Google. Soci...

  4. South Sudan Medical Journal - Vol 11, No 1 (2018)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bladder exstrophy – epispadias complex in a newborn: a c ase report and r eview of lit erature · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Paul N. Tolefaca, Eugene Yeike, Calypse Ngwasiri, Gregory Ekane Halle, Alain Mefire Chichom, 17-20 ...

  5. Strategiese perspektief op kerkwees

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    sent into the world to testify to and participate in Christ's work. The Church does not have ... serves God's call to mission through its work in three broadly defined categories: the proclamation of the Word of ...... Eugene, OR. Heifetz, R.A., 1994, Leadership without easy answers, Harvard University Press,. Cambridge, MA.

  6. Epigenetics ELSI: Darker Than You Think? (United States)

    Joly, Yann; So, Derek; Saulnier, Katie; Dyke, Stephanie O M


    Emerging ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) scholarship in epigenetics has focused largely on hypothetical issues involving institutional racism, discrimination, and eugenics. To avoid an unwarranted backlash against this promising research field, we encourage a more balanced ELSI discussion conveying the full spectrum of issues faced by stakeholders. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Gclust Server: 141984 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 141984 PoTR_584320 Cluster Sequences - 69 eugene3.161720001 1 1.00e-31 14.29 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 141984... Cluster ID 141984 Sequence ID PoTR_584320 Link to cluster sequences Cluster Sequen

  8. [Application of Nida's theory in English translation of traditional Chinese medicine]. (United States)

    Li, Yong-an; Li, Jing-yun


    The famous American translation theorist Eugene A. Nida has put forward lots of viewpoints and theories for translation work when he translated the Bible, which have important practical instructional meaning for translation of traditional Chinese medicine nowadays. The application of Nida's theories to translating practice of TCM is illustrated by specific examples in this paper.

  9. Gclust Server: 18858 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 18858 PoTR_595521 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(327) 708 eugene3.00700162 5 1....00e-22 28.57 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 18858 Cluster ID 18858 Sequence ID PoTR_595521 Link to cluster sequen

  10. Cryogenic Collection of Complete Subsurface Samples for Molecular Biological Analysis (United States)


    Research, 357-369. JSTOR . Retrieved from Cahoon, D. R., P. E. Marin, B. K. Black, & J. C. Lynch (2000). A Method for...BLAST) (Stephen F. Altschul, Warren Gish, Webb Miller, Eugene W. Myers, 1990) against the GenBank database to determine closest phylogenetic

  11. Gclust Server: 116018 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 116018 PoTR_587884 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(35) 247 eugene3.22250001 1 1.00e-50 14.29 0.0...0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 116018 Cluster ID 116018 Sequence ID PoTR_587884 Link to cluster sequences Cluster

  12. Gclust Server: 91609 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 91609 PoTR_554102 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(249) 279 eugene3.00030735 1 1.00e-50 14.29 0.0...0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 91609 Cluster ID 91609 Sequence ID PoTR_554102 Link to cluster sequences Cluster

  13. Corpus and Method for Identifying Citations in Non-Academic Text (Open Access, Publisher’s Version) (United States)


    scien - tific research. Extracting and analyzing citations in non- academic text can improve citation analysis by identifying technical trends docu- ments. In Proceedings of the Asian Digital Library Confer- ence, pages 47–62. Eugene Garfield. 1972. Citation analysis as a tool in journal

  14. Modular Curriculum: English, American Nobel Prize Winners in Literature. (United States)

    Phillips, James A.

    This independent study module treats those Americans who have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. They include Sinclair Lewis, Eugene O'Neill, T. S. Eliot, William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway, John Steinbeck, and Pearl Buck. Selections from the writings of these authors are included. Their works represent many literary genres and also…

  15. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Parity effects in eigenvalue correlators, parametric and crossover correlators in random matrix models: Application to mesoscopic systems · N Deo · More Details Abstract Fulltext .... Wave scattering through classically chaotic cavities in the presence of absorption: A maximum-entropy model · Pier A Mello Eugene Kogan.

  16. Hematological complications in obstetrics, pregnancy, and gynecology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bick, Rodger L


    ... and, for each condition covered, the etiology, pathophysiology, clinical and laboratory diagnosis and management are discussed where appropriate. Rodger Bick is Clinical Professor of Medicine and Pathology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (Dallas, Texas, USA). Eugene Frenkel is Professor of Medicine at the Harold C. Simm...

  17. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 251 - 300 of 515 ... Vol 14, No 1 (2016), Health behaviour, decision making and perceived parenting: are male and female learners significantly different? Abstract. Eugene Lee Davids, Nicolette Vanessa Roman, Lloyd Leach. Vol 12, No 2 (2014), Health Beliefs and Locus of Control as Predictors of Cancer Screening ...

  18. The Effect of Different Levels of Confinement on the Self-Concept of Military Stockade Inmates. (United States)


    The Division Director is Dr. Donald F. Haggard; the Work Unit Leader is Mr. Eugene H. Drucker. Support is provided by the U.S. Army Armor Human...Research Unit; LTC Joseph A. DeAngelis is the military chief. HumRRO research is conducted under Irmy Contract No. DAHC 19-70C- 0012 and Army Project

  19. Richard Phillips Feynman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Richard Phillips Feynman was the most gifted, brilliant and intuitive genius out of many extremely gifted physicists. Here are descriptions of him by leading physicists of his own, and older as well as younger generations: “He is a second Dirac, only this time more human.” – Eugene Wigner …Feynman was not an ordinary ...

  20. Population problems and women in China: an approach from the perspective of family and lineage. (United States)

    Wakabayashi, K


    The author discusses women's status in China with reference to family characteristics and lineage customs. Aspects considered include changes in the size and makeup of the traditional family; increases in divorce and female suicide; population statistics on women; the inheritance system and support of aged men; eugenics and human rights; and the UN World Conference on Women. (SUMMARY IN JPN)

  1. Working in the People's Republic of China. (United States)

    Schnulle, Linda

    Primarily the result of observations made during an eighteen-day tour of the People's Republic of China (conducted by Professor Eugene Gilliom at Ohio State University), this paper examines working conditions and attitudes toward work in China. Focus in the first half of the paper is on motivation to work in China and how it differs from U.S.…

  2. Urmas Sõõrumaa avas Kohilas näituse / Inge Põlma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põlma, Inge


    Näitus Urmas Sõõrumaa kunstikogust pärit Eestimaaga seotud 19. sajandi kunstnike - Lorenz-Heinrich Petersen, Wilhelm Siegfried Stavenhagen, Eugen Gustav Dücker - graafikast, akvarellidest ja maalidest Kohila vallamajas 21. aprillist 22. juunini. Kuraator Marion Tupits

  3. Miscellaneous

    NARCIS (Netherlands)



    CONSTANCE, LINCOLN (Eugene, OR, USA, 16 February 1909 — Berkeley, CA, USA, 11 June 2001) Foremost expert on Umbelliferae/Apiaceae systematics. His long and distinguished career began as a graduate student with Willis Linn Jepson in the 1930s. He was Curator of Seed Plants in the University Herbarium

  4. Human genetic issues from scientific and Islamic perspectives | Alwi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper aims at revealing the Human Genome Project (HGP) and human genetic issues arising from science and Islamic perspectives such as Darwin's evolutionary theory, human cloning and eugenics. Finally, issues arising from the applications of human genetic technology need to be addressed to the best possible ...

  5. Images of Leadership in Nigerian Fiction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Oct 17, 2010 ... that singular immoral escapade, he violates the natural law of hospitality, not to talk of his self-debasement in the act of brazenly sharing a woman .... of BP Club 555, five senior army officers – Brigadier Udu Zakih, Colonels. Afoejuani and Egen Obong, Lt. Colonels Abdul Dankali and Eugene Oversen.

  6. Current Work in Linguistics. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, Volume 4, Number 3. (United States)

    Dimitriadis, Alexis, Ed.; Lee, Hikyoung, Ed.; Siegel, Laura, Ed.; Surek-Clark, Clarissa, Ed.; Williams, Alexander, Ed.

    This issue contains the following articles: "Was Mir Wisse: A Review of the Literature on the Languages of the Pennsylvania Germans" (David Bowie); "Tigrinya Root Consonants and the OCP" (Eugene Buckley); "Duration of Onset Consonants in Gay Male Stereotyped Speech" (Sean Crist); "PRO, the EPP and Nominative…

  7. Introduction to the Special Section on Genomics (United States)

    Grigorenko, Elena L.; Dozier, Mary


    The debate about the relevance of human genetics knowledge to everyday life has been marked by fluctuations of interest and enthusiasm. The negative impact of eugenics on the public consciousness suppressed dialogue between geneticists and the public for most of the second half of the 20th century (Ridley, 1999). For the most part, nongeneticists…

  8. Linnaorkester avab festivalid Suure-Jaanis ja Tartus / Ülle Jantson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jantson, Ülle


    15.-23. juunini toimuv XI Suure-Jaani muusikafestival on tänavu pühendatud Artur Kapi 130., Eugen Kapi 100. ja Villem Kapi 95. sünniaastapäevale, festivali avakontserdist 17. juunil. Eesti Noorte heliloojate 7. festivalist Tartus 18. juunil

  9. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 48 of 48 ... Vol 5, No 2 (2000), Upgrading your Quality Management System to ISO 9000 Standards, Abstract. Eugene Okolie. Vol 7, No 2 (2002), What helps and what hinders team work - Perspectives of Nigerian team members, Abstract. Chantal Epie. Vol 5, No 1 (2000), Women speak about Work: A Call for Reform ...

  10. Responses to "Sketching the Contours of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion" (United States)

    Locklin, Reid B.; Robinson, Joanne Maguire; Pence, Nadine S.


    The three short essays collected in this manuscript respond to Patricia O'Connell Killen and Eugene V. Gallagher's "Sketching the Contours in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion," published in issue 16, no. 2 of this journal (2013). See additional responses by Charles R. Foster, Stephen Brookfield,…

  11. Pedagogical Imagination in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion (United States)

    Foster, Charles R.


    Patricia Killen and Eugene Gallagher make a strong case for "constructive possibilities" in the scholarship of teaching and learning theology and religion. They clarify its relationship and hence its contributions to the larger discussion of the scholarship of teaching and learning in higher education, identify operative standards and procedures…

  12. 934 Snippets of Physics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Young to old inflorescences of a colour variant of the pernicious weed Lantana camara. Freshly opened flowers are yellow and change gradu- ally to orange, scarlet and magenta. See p.1003. Eugene Paul Wigner. (1902–1995). ( Illustration: Subhankar Biswas ). Front Cover. Back Cover. 931. Classroom. An Easily Con-.

  13. Who Is This Child? (United States)

    Barr, Robert D.


    An Idaho education dean recounts a moving encounter with a fatherless first-grader while visiting his grandson in Eugene, Oregon. Envisioning a deadbeat dad and a burned-out mother, he pondered the statistical odds of this child graduating from college. However, the girl's warm welcome from her teacher helped revise his hopes about the little…

  14. No Time for Nostalgia!: Asylum-Making, Medicalized Colonialism in British Columbia (1859-97) and Artistic Praxis for Social Transformation (United States)

    Roman, Leslie G.; Brown, Sheena; Noble, Steven; Wainer, Rafael; Young, Alannah Earl


    This article asks: How have disability, indigenous arts and cultural praxis transformed and challenged the historical sociological archival research into relationships among asylum-making, medicalized colonialism and eugenics in the Woodlands School, formerly the Victoria Lunatic Asylum, the Provincial Asylum for the Insane in Victoria, BC 1859-72…

  15. Profiles in Online Learning: A Series on Leadership--Tom Layton: Judo and the Art of Technology Innovation. (United States)

    Danielson, Larry


    Profiles a high school technology teacher and creator of CyberSchool, a distance learning program of the Eugene (Oregon) School District. Discusses Tom Layton's education, early work experience, establishment of a high school English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) program, integration of computers into the classroom, reputation as a technology leader,…

  16. Dialogue on ‘Dialogic Education’: Has Rupert gone over to ‘the Dark Side’?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene Matusov


    Full Text Available This email dialogue that we record and report here between Eugene Matusov and Rupert Wegerif, exemplifies Internet mediated dialogic education. When Eugene emailed Rupert with his initial (misunderstanding of Rupert's position about dialogic pedagogy Rupert felt really motivated to reply. Rupert was not simply motivated to refute Eugene and assert his correctness, although Rupert is sure such elements enter into every dialogue, but also to explore and to try to resolve the issues ignited by the talk in New Zealand. Through this extended dialogue Rupert's and Eugene's positions become more nuanced and focussed. Rupert brings out his concern with the long-term and collective nature of some dialogues claiming that the – "dialogue of humanity that education serves is bigger than the interests of particular students and particular teachers.…" – and so he argues that it is often reasonable to induct students into the dialogue so far so that they can participate fully. On the other hand, Eugene's view of dialogue seems more focussed on personal responsibility, particular individual desires, interests and positions, individual agency and answering the final ethical "damned questions" without an alibi-in-being.  Rupert claims that dialogic education is education FOR dialogue and Eugene claims that dialogic education is education AS dialogue. Both believe in education THROUGH dialogue but education through dialogue is not in itself dialogic education. For Rupert dialogic education can include ‘scaffolding’ for full participation in dialogue as long as dialogue is the aim. For Eugene dialogic education has to be a genuine dialogue and this means that a curriculum goal cannot be specified in advance because learning in a dialogue is always emergent and unpredictable. Our dialogue-disagreement is a relational and discursive experiment to develop a new genre of academic critical dialogue. The dialogue itself called to us and motivated us and flowed

  17. Biología, medicina y eugenesia en Uruguay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barrán, Juan Pedro


    Full Text Available In this work are analyzed the deep relationships between biology, medicine and society that were settled down in the Uruguay along the XIX century as well as the process of «medicalization» and «biologization» of the social thought that take place along the first decades of the XX century, and the role that played the eugenic ideas and defenders of eugenics in that process.

    En este trabajo se analizan las profundas relaciones entre biología, medicina y sociedad que se establecieron en el Uruguay a lo largo del siglo XIX así como el proceso de medicalización y biologización del pensamiento social que se produce a lo largo de las primeras décadas del siglo XX, y el papel que jugaron en ese proceso las ideas eugénicas y los defensores de la eugenesia.

  18. Dialogue on Dialogic Pedagogy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene Matusov


    Full Text Available In September 2011 in Rome at the International Society for Cultural and Activity Research conference, Eugene Matusov (USA, Kiyotaka Miyazaki (Japan, Jayne White (New Zealand, and Olga Dysthe (Norway organized a symposium on Dialogic Pedagogy. Formally during the symposium and informally after the symposium several heated discussions started among the participants about the nature of dialogic pedagogy. The uniting theme of these discussions was a strong commitment by all four participants to apply the dialogic framework developed by Soviet-Russian philosopher and literary theoretician Bakhtin to education. In this special issue, Eugene Matusov (USA and Kiyotaka Miyazaki (Japan have developed only three of the heated issues discussed at the symposium in a form of dialogic exchanges (dialogue-disagreements. We invited our Dialogic Pedagogy colleagues Jayne White (New Zealand and Olga Dysthe (Norway to write commentaries on the dialogues. Fortunately, Jayne White kindly accepted the request and wrote her commentary. Unfortunately, Olga Dysthe could not participate due to her prior commitments to other projects. We also invited Ana Marjanovic-Shane (USA, Beth Ferholt (USA, Rupert Wegerif (UK, and Paul Sullivan (UK to comment on Eugene-Kiyotaka dialogue-disagreement.                The first two heated issues were initiated by Eugene Matusov by providing a typology of different conceptual approaches to Dialogic Pedagogy that he had noticed in education. Specifically, the debate with Kiyotaka Miyazaki (and the other two participants was around three types of Dialogic Pedagogy defined by Eugene Matusov: instrumental, epistemological, and ontological types of Dialogic Pedagogy. Specifically, Eugene Matusov subscribes to ontological dialogic pedagogy arguing that dialogic pedagogy should be built around students’ important existing or emergent life interests, concerns, questions, and needs. He challenged both instrumental dialogic

  19. The Phenomenology of Wonder in Higher Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Finn Thorbjørn


    Artiklen handler om hvorledes undring som fænomen kan og bliver beskrevet af Merleau-Ponty og Eugen Fink og hvorfor undring og undringsfællesskabet er en afgørende drivkraft og ledetråd for højere uddannelse, især når man vil fremme forskertalenter.......Artiklen handler om hvorledes undring som fænomen kan og bliver beskrevet af Merleau-Ponty og Eugen Fink og hvorfor undring og undringsfællesskabet er en afgørende drivkraft og ledetråd for højere uddannelse, især når man vil fremme forskertalenter....

  20. “Stains” on their self-discipline: Public health, hygiene, and the disciplining of undocumented immigrant parents in the nation's internal borderlands (United States)

    Horton, Sarah; Barker, Judith C.


    Histories of the role of public health in nation building have revealed the centrality of hygiene to eugenic mechanisms of racial exclusion in the turn-of-the-20th-century United States, yet little scholarship has examined its role in the present day. Through ethnography in a Mexican migrant farmworking community in California's Central Valley, we explore the role of oral-hygiene campaigns in racializing Mexican immigrant parents and shaping the substance of their citizenship. Public health officials perceive migrant farmworkers' children's oral disease as a “stain of backwardness,” amplifying Mexican immigrants' status as “aliens.” We suggest, however, that the recent concern with Mexican immigrant children's oral health blends classic eugenic concerns in public health with neoliberal concerns regarding different immigrant groups' capacity for self-governance. PMID:20161433

  1. "Stains" on their self-discipline: Public health, hygiene, and the disciplining of undocumented immigrant parents in the nation's internal borderlands. (United States)

    Horton, Sarah; Barker, Judith C


    Histories of the role of public health in nation building have revealed the centrality of hygiene to eugenic mechanisms of racial exclusion in the turn-of-the-20th-century United States, yet little scholarship has examined its role in the present day. Through ethnography in a Mexican migrant farmworking community in California's Central Valley, we explore the role of oral-hygiene campaigns in racializing Mexican immigrant parents and shaping the substance of their citizenship. Public health officials perceive migrant farmworkers' children's oral disease as a "stain of backwardness," amplifying Mexican immigrants' status as "aliens." We suggest, however, that the recent concern with Mexican immigrant children's oral health blends classic eugenic concerns in public health with neoliberal concerns regarding different immigrant groups' capacity for self-governance.

  2. The historical contingency of bioethics. (United States)

    Kevles, D J


    The principles of bioethics have been historically contingent, a product of social values, circumstances, and experience. During the early twentieth century, they rested on a doctor-knows-best autonomy that permitted physicians to perform research on human subjects with a minimum degree, if any, of informed consent. The eugenics movement of the period embraced an implicit bioethics by presuming to sterilize individuals for the sake of a larger social benefit, a practice and doctrine that helped lead to the Nazi medical experiments and death camps. After World War II, the promulgation of the Nuremberg Code failed to halt eugenic sterilization and risky human experimentation without informed consent either in civilian or military venues. However, beginning in the 1960s, these practices came under mounting critical scrutiny, partly because of the increasing attention given to individual rights. By now, it is widely understood that concern for individual rights rather than an appeal to some national good belongs at the heart of bioethics.

  3. Toward economics as a new complex system (United States)

    Kaizoji, Taisei


    The 2015 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert Shiller for their contributions to the empirical analysis of asset prices. Eugene Fama [J. Finance 25(2), 383 (1970)] is an advocate of the efficient market hypothesis. The efficient market hypothesis assumes that asset price is determined by using all available information and only reacts to new information not incorporated into the fundamentals. Thus, the movement of stock prices is unpredictable. Robert Shiller [ Irrational Exuberance (Princeton Univ. Press, 2015)] has been studying the existence of irrational bubbles, which are defined as the long term deviations of asset price from the fundamentals. This drives us to the unsettled question of how the market actually works. In this paper, I look back at the development of economics and consider the direction in which we should move in order to truly understand the workings of an economic society.

  4. Pelvimetry and the persistance of racial science in obstetrics. (United States)

    O'Brien, Elizabeth


    In the late nineteenth century, Mexican scientists became fixated on pelvic structure as an indicator of racial difference and hereditary worth. Forty years later, in his 1931 dissertation, medical student Gustavo Aldolfo Trangay proposed the implementation of a eugenic sterilization campaign in Mexico. He even reported performing clandestine sterilizations in public clinics, despite federal laws that prohibited doctors from doing so. Trangay reasoned that his patients were unfit for motherhood, and he claimed that their small pelvic cavities were a sign of biological inferiority. His focus on anatomical measurements--and especially pelvic measurements--was not novel in Mexico, but his work shows how doctors used nineteenth century racial science to rationalize eugenic sterilization. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. The plot against cancer: heredity and cancer in German and Dutch medicine, 1933-1945. (United States)

    Snelders, Stephen


    In the Third Reich hereditarian approaches and their eugenic implications seemed to offer possibilities for fundamental progress in the fight against cancer. This did not lead to an exclusive emphasis on genetics in theory or practice. The concept of a hereditary predisposition for cancer, the Krebs-disposition or Krebsbereitschaft, led to flexible multifactor approaches, including proposals for both eugenic and social-hygienic measures. These approaches were not typical of German medicine alone. In the Netherlands hereditarian approaches did not play a central role in the 1930s. They lacked institutional support in a country where health policies were characterised by indirect strategies working through intermediaries such as general practitioners and home nursing organisations. However, potentially the elements for similar anti-cancer policies as in Germany were present. The German occupation offered opportunities to develop these elements (concepts, institutions, personnel). This development was blocked because of the political radicalisation during the war and the German defeat.

  6. Which number system is "best" for describing empirical reality?


    Visser, Matt


    Eugene Wigner's much discussed notion of the "unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics" in describing the physics of empirical reality is simultaneously both trivial and profound. After all, the relevant mathematics was, (in the first instance), originally developed in order to be useful in describing empirical reality. On the other hand, certain aspects of the mathematical superstructure have now taken on a life of their own, with at least some features of the mathematical superstructure gr...

  7. East-Aramaic origin of Gnosticism in the light of West-Aramaic Christian tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodin, Eugene


    Full Text Available In this comparative study Eugene Rodin (Tula State Pedagogical University tries to develop an objective (linguistic approach to analysis of the Gnostic tradition in the light of Christianity. He highlights some lexical and syntactic differences between the Gnostic and Christian texts. Certain demonstrations of the Syriac origin of Gnosticism and the amplified etymologies of Gnostic names also become visible. In doing so he tries to draw a line of demarcation between the Gnostic and Christian traditions.

  8. Expertise in Problem Solving. (United States)


    This shift in Al is characterized by Minsky and Papert (1974) as a change from a power-based strategy for achieving intelligence to a knowledge-based...dissertation, University of Michigan, 1979. Minsky, M., & Papert , S. Artifical intelligence. Condon Lectures, Oregon State System of Higher Education, Eugene...for Defense Analyses Pi ttsburgh, PA 15213 00 Army N1avy Drive Arlington, VA 22202 Dr. Alan Lesgold Learning R&D Center 1 Dr. Seymour A. Papert

  9. Bioeffects on an In Vitro Model by Small-Scale Explosives and Shock Wave Overpressure Impacts (United States)


    RDX spherical charges; Ronnie Thompson, William Sickels, and Eugene Summers for their assistance during the small-scale blast testing; and Stephen...blast source. Upon exposure to a blast wave, the target is enveloped in the blast wave, which creates a wrap-around effect. Reproduction of each part... technique to propagate an ideal detonation wave front following point initiation at the center of the 1.7-g charge of the RDX explosive. An adaptive mesh

  10. Multidimensional journal evaluation analyzing scientific periodicals beyond the impact factor

    CERN Document Server

    Haustein, Stefanie


    Scientific communication depends primarily on publishing in journals. The most important indicator to determine the influence of a journal is the Impact Factor. Since this factor only measures the average number of citations per article in a certain time window, it can be argued that it does not reflect the actual value of a periodical. This book defines five dimensions, which build a framework for a multidimensional method of journal evaluation. The author is winner of the Eugene Garfield Doctoral Dissertation Scholarship 2011.

  11. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Military Testing Association (23rd) held at Arlington, Virginia on 25-30 October 1981. Volume 2 (United States)


    Justificatio -’- Distribution/ Availability Codes va I and/or Dist Spca AUTHOR INDEX Paper Presentations Page VOL I - Adams, Jerome and Hicks, Jack M. 73 Adams...Hall, Eugene R. and Freda, Jon S. 535 Heaton, C.L. 547 0 Hicks, Jack M. 557 Hirsh, Hannah Rothstein 563 Hobson, Edward N. 7 Horton, D.S. 581...removed might represent a consistent, valid, albeit minority viewpoint. Squadron Leader (SQN LDR) Kenneth Goody , an Australian exchange officer

  12. First data from the Pan-STARRS survey and how to use it (United States)

    Soderblom, David; Pan-STARRS team


    Program for this Special Session:Ken ChambersIntroduction to the Pan-STARRS surveyHeather FlewellingThe PS-1 pipeline and data productsEugene MagnierA 3-D view of dust in the GalaxyEddie SchaflyThe PS-1 "ubercal"Dan ScolnicSupernovae in PS-1Suvi GezariTidal disruption events in PS-1Maria DroutTransient events in PS-1Karen MeechMoving targets in PS-1

  13. Flashman’s Revenge: Central Asia After September 11 (United States)


    standpoint of U.S. interests would be a geopolitical wrestling match between Russia, China, Iran, India, Pakistan, and Turkey for control of Central Asia . It...its residual ethnic population there. Despite considerable emigra- tion from Central Asia , the region is still home to some 8 million ethnic Russians...Flashman’s Revenge: Central Asia after September 11 by Eugene B. Rumer Strategic Forum The September 11 terrorist attacks havealtered the

  14. Page 1 216 - - L. D. Sanghvi The same ratio for American Indians is ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    8. Ikin, E. W., Prior, A. M., “The distribution of the A1A,BO blood groups in England,”. Race, R. R., and Taylor, Ann, Eugenics, 1939, 9,409. -. G. I. * -. 9. Landsteiner, K., and . “On the cold agglutinins in human serum,” J. Immunol,. Levine, Ph. 1926, 12, 441. 10, − ... “On the inheritance and racial distribution of agglutinable.

  15. Management Practices, Environmental Characteristics and Organizational Performance. (United States)


    organizations: Toward a machine-scored standarized questionnarie instrument. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, 1972. Terhorg, J.R., Richardson, P...8217&-78-C-0756 UNCLASSIFIED NL I.EVEL 0 IJTIC MAR 2 5 1981. 0 F Graduate School of Management University of Oregon Eugene, Oregon 97403 DISTMiBUT1O1N Sm...process Climate supervisory practices Likert organization practices Organization Performance aggregate attitudes Turnover 20. ABSTRACT (ContInua an revere

  16. Dialogue on Dialogic Pedagogy


    Eugene Matusov; Kiyotaka Miyazaki


    In September 2011 in Rome at the International Society for Cultural and Activity Research conference, Eugene Matusov (USA), Kiyotaka Miyazaki (Japan), Jayne White (New Zealand), and Olga Dysthe (Norway) organized a symposium on Dialogic Pedagogy. Formally during the symposium and informally after the symposium several heated discussions started among the participants about the nature of dialogic pedagogy. The uniting theme of these discussions was a strong commitment by all four participants ...

  17. Gclust Server: 156515 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 156515 PoTR_570805 Cluster Sequences - 67 eugene3.00130169 1 1.00e-31 14.29 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 156515... Cluster ID 156515 Sequence ID PoTR_570805 Link to cluster sequences Cluster Sequenc...4.29 Other Bikonts (Chromalveolata, Excavata) (9species) (%) 0.0 Cyanobacteria (25species) (%) 0.0 Photosynthetic bacteria (15



    Court Fort Walton Beach, FL 32547 Jeffrey P. Nielsen and Eugene T. Kensky Air Force Civil Engineer Center 139 Barnes Drive, Ste 2 Tyndall...Distribution is unlimited. AFCEC-201748; 21 August 2017. AIR FORCE CIVIL ENGINEER CENTER READINESS DIRECTORATE  Requirements...any of its employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or

  19. Person-centered psychotherapy and the impact of the experiencing concept / Psicoterapia centrada na pessoa e o impacto do conceito de experienciação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Carlos Caselli Messias


    Full Text Available The article discusses the conceptual contributions of Eugene T. Gendlin to the development of the Person-Centered Approach theory, from Carl R. Rogers, with a special distinction to Experiencing. A brief biography of the first author is presented to the Portuguese reader as well as the developments of his Philosophy of the Implicit, a specific approach nowadays. The benefits that an experiential comprehension is able to offer to the Person-Centered Professionals are also analyzed.

  20. Sexological Deliberation and Social Engineering: Albert Moll and the Sterilisation Debate in Late Imperial and Weimar Germany


    Bryant, Thomas


    The physician and sexologist Albert Moll, from Berlin, was one of the main protagonists within the German discourse on the opportunities and dangers of social engineering, by eugenic interventions into human life in general, as well as into reproductive hygiene and healthcare policy in particular. One of the main sexological topics that were discussed intensively during the late-Wilhelminian German Reich and the Weimar Republic was the question of the legalisation of voluntary and compulsory ...

  1. Biokaristusõigus - uus distsipliin? : mõtteid inimbiotehnikast ja selle karistusõiguslikest piirjoontest ektogeneesi näitel / Eric Hilgendorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hilgendorf, Eric, 1960-


    Viljastatud munaraku väljaspool inimorganismi kasvatamise karistusõiguslikest aspektidest. Käesolev tekst on jätk artiklile "Ektogenees ja karistusõigus" (Hilgendorf 1994). Tõlkeallikas: Der Wandel des Staates vor den Herausforderungen der Gegenwart: Festschrift für Winfried Brohm zum 70. Geburtstag. Hrsg. von Carl-Eugen Eberle, Martin Ibler, Dieter Lorenz, München: Beck, 2002, S. 387-404

  2. Bleuler and the Neurobiology of Schizophrenia


    Heckers, Stephan


    Schizophrenia remains a major challenge for psychiatry. One hundred years after the publication of Eugen Bleuler’s monograph, we are still debating the nosology and mechanisms of schizophrenia. We have stalled in the development of more effective treatments, after success with the introduction of antipsychotic medication. Cure and prevention remain in the distance. This article reviews the importance of Bleuler’s monograph for the neuroscientific exploration of schizophrenia. While Bleuler as...

  3. Munition Expenditure Model Verification: KWIK. Phase I. (United States)


    environmental , and smoke plume behavior for each trial. 3. To compare and evaluate smoke munition expenditure calculations of the KWIK model from...Equipment Center ATTN: Technical Information Center Dr. Eugene W. Bierly Orlando, FL 32813 Director, Division of Atmos Sciences National Scinece Foundation...Meteorology Division Fort Monmouth, NJ 07703 AFGL/LY Hanscom AFB, MA 01731 Commander US Army Satellite Comm Agency The Environmental Research ATTN

  4. A Simplification of Lentz’s Algorithm. (United States)


    13 Dr. Eugene W. Bierly US Army Materiel Systems Director, Division of Atmos Sciences Analysis Activity National Scinece Foundation ATTN: DRXSY-MP...AFB, MA 01731 Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010 14 The Environmental Research Commander Institute of MI US Army Satellite Commn Agency ATTN: IRIA...Monmouth, NJ 07703 Environmental Protection Agency Meteorology Laboratory, MD 80 Commander Rsch Triangle Park, NC 27711 US Army Electronics R&D Command

  5. Water Vapor as a Tracer in Remote Wind Sensing: A Feasibility Study. (United States)


    Eugene W. Bierly Orlando, FL 32813 Director, Division of Atmos Sciences National Scinece Foundation Technical Library 1800 G Street, N.W. Chemical...LY Hanscom AFB, MA 01731 Commander US Army Satellite Comm Agency The Environmental Research AT N: DRCPM-SC-3 Institute of MI Fort Monmouth, NJ 07703...Army Foreign Sci & Tech Cen Griffiss AFB, NY 13441 ATTN: DRXST-IS1 220 7th Street, NE Environmental Protection Agency Charlottesville, VA 22901

  6. Techniques for the Computation of Wind, Ceiling, and Extinction Coefficient Using Currently Acquired RPV Data. (United States)


    ATTN: Technical Information Center Dr. Eugene W. Bierly Orlando, FL 32813 Director, Division of Atmos Sciences National Scinece Foundation Technical...Division Fort Monmouth, NJ 07703 AFGL/LY Hanscom AFB, MA 01731 Commander US Army Sdtellite Comm Agency The Environmental Research ATTN: DRCPM-SC-3...Commanding Officer TSLD (Bette Smith) US Army Foreign Sci & Tech Cen Griffiss AFB, NY 13441 ATTN: DRXST-IS1 220 7th Street, NE Environmental Protection Agency

  7. The Maneuverable Atmospheric Probe (MAP), a Remotely Piloted Vehicle. (United States)


    Center ATTN: Technical Information Center Dr. Eugene W. Bierly Orlando, FL 32813 Director, Division of Atmos Sciences National Scinece Foundation...Meteorology Division Fort Monmouth, NJ 07703 AFGL/LY Hanscom AFB, MA 01731 Commander US Army Satellite Comm Agency The Environmental Research ATTN: DRCPM...Library Commanding Officer TSLD (Bette Smith) US Army Foreign Sci & Tech Cen Griffiss AFB, NY 13441 ATTN: DRXST-ISI 220 7th Street, NE Environmental

  8. Large Print System on a Graphic Computer Terminal for Visually Handicapped Programmers. (United States)


    ATTN: Technical Information Center Dr. Eugene W. Bierly Orlando, FL 32813 Director, Division of Atmos Sciences National Scinece Foundation Technical...Meteorology Division Fort Monmouth, NJ 07703 AFGL/LY Hanscom AFB, MA 01731 Commander US Army Sdtellite Comm Agency The Environmental Research ATTN: DRCPM...Library Conwanding Officer TSLD (Bette Smith) US Army Foreign Sci & Tech Cen Griffiss AFB, NY 13441 ATTN: DRXST-IS1 220 7th Street, NE Environmental

  9. Wedge Absorption Remote Sensor. (United States)


    Training Equipment Center ATTN: Technical Information Center Dr. Eugene W. Bierly Orlando, FL 32813 Director, Division of Atmos Sciences National Scinece ...Fort Monmouth, NJ 07703 AFGL/LY Hanscom AFB, MA 01731 Commander US Army Satellite Comm Agency The Environmental Research ATTN: DRCPM-SC-3 Institute of...Library Commanding Officer TSLD (Bette Smith) US Army Foreign Sci & Tech Cen Griffiss AFB, NY 13441 ATTN: DRXST-IS1 220 7th Street, NE Environmental

  10. Extending Application of the Artillery Computer Meteorological Message. (United States)


    Fairbanks, AK 99701 Dr. Eugene W. Bierly US Army Materiel Systems Director, Division of Atmos Sciences Analysis Activity National Scinece Foundation ATTN...Hanscom AFB, MA 01731 Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010 I The Environmental Research Commander Institute of MI US Army Satellite Comm Agency ATTN...Library Fort Monmouth, NJ 07703 TSLD (Bette Smith) Griffiss AFB, NY 13441 Commander US Army Electronics R&D Command Environmental Protection Agency

  11. Reproductive autonomy: A case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David R Hall


    Full Text Available Reproductive autonomy (RA has been challenged by the availability of genetic information, disability and the ethics of selective reproduction. Utilitarian and rights-based approaches, as well as procreative beneficence (PB fail to provide compelling reasons for infringing RA, and may even be likened to dangerous eugenics. Parents are not morally obliged to prevent the birth of a disabled child. Society should rather adopt inclusivity, recognising and providing persons with disabilities opportunities for capability and worthwhile lives.

  12. 簿記会計教育の問題点 : Pettitの研究


    武田, 嘉孝; Yoshitaka, Takeda; 聖徳学園女子短期大学; Shotoku Gakuen Women's Junior College


    This is the study of a dissertation by Paul Eugene Pettit. This paper provided an introduction to the study and stated the problem under investigation. Also, it contained a review of the literature partinent to the study. The survey of the literature was directed toward the role of accounting in society. The review of the literature revealed that accounting was developed through the centuries in response to the needs of society. Accounting education is given a high priority by all nations bec...

  13. Inhibition of Metalloprotease Botulinum Serotype A from a Pseudo-Peptide Binding Mode to a Small Molecule that is Active in Primary Neurons (United States)


    then with laminin. Cultures were incubated overnight at 37 °C prior to intoxication . Microscopy—Autofluorescence was used to examine inhibi- tor entry...488-conjugated goat anti-mouse secondary antibody, 1:25 Texas Red phalloidin, and Hoechst stain (Molecular Probes, Eugene, OR). Intoxication , Inhibitor...pharmacophore. Q2–15 chlorine atoms are light green; all other col- ors are as indicated for B. Small Molecule Inhibition of Botulinum Neurotoxin

  14. [Franz Josef Kallmann (1897-1965) and the transfer of psychiatric-genetic scientific concepts from national socialist Germany to the U.S.A]. (United States)

    Cottebrune, Anne


    The founding of the German Research Institute for Psychiatry and its Genealogic-Demographic Department (Genealogisch-Demographische Abteilung; GDA) in 1918 gave the world the first institutional platform for the field of psychiatric genetics. The years between the two World Wars saw the GDA grow in importance with much international respect. The close collaboration between the GDA's protagonist Ernst Rüdin and the National Socialist regime was certainly not an inhibiting factor for the worldwide recognition of the eugenic research conducted in Munich. Around the mid-1930s, the German psychiatrist émigré Franz Josef Kallmann brought the field of study which had been put into practice in Munich to the United States. He fought an uphill battle to be accepted by the North American scientific community, but finally he was able to establish himself as the main researcher in the field of psychiatric genetics. Interestingly enough, the fact that his kind of research had been heavily supported by the National Socialist regime was not a barrier to his acceptance. The fact that it took him a long time to establish the field of eugenics in the U.S.A. is better explained by the psychoanalytic research methods at the time, which gave hereditary transmission short shrift. At the New York State Psychiatric Institute he was able to continue his research, including the examination of race-hygienic motifs, where he designed a research program that was directly based on concepts and methods from Ernst Rüdin's team of researchers in Munich. The only deviation from the original research was in terms of the use of eugenic prophylaxis where he aligned his research in the context of North American democracy in the post-war era. However, the eugenic goal of elimination of certain categories of peoples remained unchanged.

  15. The Structure of Analogical Models in Science. (United States)


    Dreyfus Department of Psychology Department of Philosophy Carnegie-Mellon University University of California Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Berkely, CA 94720 Dr...Astronautics Co. Dr. William Chase P.O.Box 516 Department of Psychology St. Louis , MO 63166 Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 1 Dr. Ed...Oregon Astronautics Co.-St. Louis Eugene OR 97403 P.O. Box 30204 Lowry AFB, CO 80230 Dr. Barbara Hayes-Roth The Rand Corporation 1 Dr. Steven W. Keele

  16. Understanding the Nature of Bureaucracy: An Integration of the Organizational and Public Choice Approaches (United States)


    founder of the Austrian tradition, Carl Menger, was also the co-discoverer with William Jevons of the marginal principle and the subjective theory of value , Ludwig von Mises, a third generation Austrian, further developed the subjective theory of value following in the lines of Eugen von B6hm...the subjective theory of value , two characteristics remain inherent in the Austrian ap- proach that set it apart from others (Taylor, 1988:9-10

  17. Effectiveness of the Geneva Convention Relative to American POW’s (Prisoner of War) (United States)


    city for public dis- play. This was done frequently following heavy bombings. This harassment led to several being beaten and some were stoned ...wright , Within Four Falls (London: Edward Arnold and Co., 1930), p. 91. 23. Aladar Kuncz, Black Monastery (London: Chatto and Windus, 1934), pp. 35-52...Kinkead, Eugene. In Every War But One. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, Inc., 1959. Kuncz, Aladar. Black Monastery . London: Chatte

  18. The Contribution of Police and Fire Consolidation to the Homeland Security Mission (United States)


    it is time to do better. Eugene Bardach suggests in “A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis” (p. 1) that instead of trying to look for best...practices, jurisdictions should look for smart practices. Bardach comments that people will rarely have any confidence that a practice is actually the “best...situation.” Bardach’s ideas can be useful as we explore concepts that could help us address our collaboration needs. Bardach argues that smart

  19. Regional Joint Border Commands: A Pathway to Improving Collaboration and Effectiveness for Border Control (United States)


    information. But what exactly is collaboration in DHS? Eugene Bardach simply defines collaboration as any joint activity by two or more agencies intended to...increase pubic value by working together rather than separately ( Bardach , 1998, p. 8). Raymond L. Kay II looked at this more deeply when he... Bardach , E. (1998). Getting agencies to work together: The practice and theory of managerial craftsmanship. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution

  20. Promoting Inter-Agency Readiness through Standardized Training and Education of Front Line Responders (United States)


    or demographically disparate area will produce the same desirable results. As Eugene Bardach describes in Smart Practices Research, smart existing processes or replacing these processes with more effective ones ( Bardach , n.d.). This discussion by Bardach provides a useful foundation...Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO. Retrieved May 12, 2010, from Bardach , E. (n.d.). Part III smart practices

  1. The Collaborative Capacity of the NYPD, FDNY, and EMS in New York City: A Focus on the First Line Officer (United States)


    that is essential for collaboration to work. 1. Building Interagency Collaborative Capacity According to Bardach (2005), although there are plenty...Arsenault (1996), b) Bardach (2001), c) Jansen, Hocevar, & Thomas (2005), d) Huxham (2006). Jansen, Hocevar, and Thomas discuss culture within...efforts. (2002). In his book, Getting Agencies to Work Together, Eugene Bardach presents his theory of “interagency collaborative capacity or ICC” and

  2. Increasing Competition for Spares Within AFLC (Air Force Logistics Command). (United States)


    the Air Logis- tics Centers, to execute the contract pro- visions and assure that the Air Force receives correct data at the correct time for its...go a long way toward solving many of the problems addressed in this research project. According to representatives of the OPR, the Air Staff ( LEYE ...Funds for Breakout AD- 4 LIST OF PERSONS INTERVIEWED 1. Air Staff ( LEYE ): Mr. Bill Jiminez LTC Eugene Tattini 2. Air Staff (RDCL): Mr. John Robuck Mr

  3. 780-IJBCS-Article-Ugye Joseph

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    concentration. This usage makes polarimeter a versatile tool of great importance to those who trade in or use sugar syrups in bulk (Eugene,. 1998). In this study, solutions (0.005%, w/v) of the samples were adjusted accurately to the desired pH, 7.4 by the addition of 0.1 mol dm-3NaOH, and examined for their optical rotation ...

  4. Astronaut Harrison Schmitt standing next to boulder during third EVA (United States)


    Scientist-Astronaut Harrison H. Schmitt is photographed standing next to a huge, split boulder during the third Apollo 17 extravehicular activity (EVA-3) at the Taurus-Littrow landing site on the Moon. The lunar rover, which transported Schmitt and Eugene A. Cernan, mission commander, to this extravehicular station from their Lunar Module, is seen in the background. Schmitt is the Apollo 17 lunar module pilot. The mosaic is made from two frames from Apollo 17 Hasselblad magaine 140.

  5. The Delivery of an Effective Collective Security Mechanism in West Africa: It Is Long Overdue (United States)


    Charles W., and Eugene R Whittkopf. 2005. Politics: Trends and transformations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kelsen , Hans . 2001...relation to other states, sometimes called international security ( Kelsen 2001, 1). Others like Mwagwabi have added to the argument that a peaceful and...that the reaction against an illegal use of force is a collective action to restrain military action ( Kelsen 2001, 7). This principle was observed and

  6. Русские художники вносят свою краску в палитру искусства Эстонии / Лилия Крысина

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Крысина, Лилия


    Eestis elavatest vene keelt kõnelevatest kunstnikest: Nikolai Kormašov (1929-), Anatoli Strahhov (1946-), Valeri Laur (1948-), Slava Semerikov (1949-), Eugen Sterpu (1963-), Sergei Inkatov (1971-), Aleksander Igonin (1939-), Vladimir Anšon (1963-), Vladimir Baciu 1965-), Vera Staniševskaja (1953-), Vladislav Staniševski (1947-2011), Juri Mossenkov (1941-1999). Kuuluvad Vene Kunstnike Ühendusse, paljud on lõpetanud Eesti Kunstiinstituudi

  7. Census Report: Volume VI, 1987 through 1992. Sanitized Version. (United States)



  8. Genome analysis methods: Arabidopsis lyrata [PGDBj Registered plant list, Marker list, QTL list, Plant DB link and Genome analysis methods[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ( applying dicot and A. thaliana specific matrices 32,670 (v1.0) JGI; v1.0 v1.0 10.1038/ng.807 21478890 ... ...8.3x Arachne 1,309 ... Fgenesh package of ab initio and homology-based gene predictors, EuGene12, and GeneID13

  9. Maritim epidemiologi på Supercourse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Olaf


    Maritim epidemiologi er nu kommet med i samlingen af undervisningsmidler på ”Supercourse”. Der er oprettet en særlig mappe med Maritime Epidemiology og alle der har gode bidrag inden for området opfordres hermed til at publicere her. Supercourse er en samling af foredrag beregnet til at være en r...... of Pittsburgh af bla. Ronald LaPorte, Faina Linkov, Mita Lovalekar og Eugene Shubnikov. God fornøjelse Olaf Jensen...

  10. Preparations of Proceedings Manuscript for NATO-ARW-DIMRP 88 Direct and Inverse Methods in Radar Polarimetry, Bad Windsheim, FRG, 18-24 September 1988 (United States)


    also include contributors from the NW Pacific RIM and a few Eastern Europeans. In keeping pace with the mind-boggling changes due to the waning of...Interdisciplinaire Problemes Inverses) organized every year in late November/early December by Professor Pierre Celestin Sabatier at USTL, Montpellier , France...Universite des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc Place Eugene Bataillon F-34060 Montpellier Cedex, FRANCE T/F:+[33](67)544850/794351 Prof

  11. Operations Events Census Report: Volume IV. 1981 through 1985. Sanitized Version. (United States)



  12. Preparation of Copper (Cu)-Nickel (Ni) Alloy Thin Films for Bilayer Graphene Growth (United States)


    ARL-TR-7593 ● FEB 2016 US Army Research Laboratory Preparation of Copper (Cu)-Nickel (Ni) Thin Films for Bilayer Graphene Growth...Laboratory Preparation of Copper (Cu)-Nickel (Ni) Alloy Thin Films for Bilayer Graphene Growth by Andrew Chen and Eugene Zakar Sensors and Electron...COVERED (From - To) June–August 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Preparation of Copper (Cu)-Nickel (Ni) Alloy Thin Films for Bilayer Graphene Growth 5a

  13. The Debate over Japan’s International Role: Contending Views of Opinion Leaders during the Persian Gulf Crisis. (United States)


    traditional outlook. Figure 1. The Debate over Japan’s International Role. 5 following the leadership of the U.S."’ I Political commentator Saburo Kugai... DEBATE OVER JAPAN’S INTERNATIONAL ROLE: CONTENDING VIEWS OF OPINION LEADERS DURING THE PERSIAN GULF CRISIS Eugene Brown July 17, 1991 The views expressed... debate over its policy in the Persian Gulf crisis. Particular attention is given to five competing schools of thought that shaped the national debate

  14. Designing Networks that are Capable of Self-Healing and Adapting (United States)


    Undergrad. Res. Fellowship, visiting from Caltech. Undergraduate Eugene Park Math Duke Models of self-healing networks (undergrad. senior thesis...Graduate student Anastasia Deckard Math Duke 3rd/4th year PhD. Wrote software for simulation. Undergraduate Nick Day Math LIMS Summer project at...have been accepted by, or have been submitted to, peer-reviewed journals . Easily repairable networks R Farr, J Harer, T Fink Phys. Rev. Lett., 113, 13

  15. Body histories and the limits of life in Asian Canadian literature


    Banwait, Ranbir Kaur


    Histories of racialization in Canada are closely tied to the development of eugenics and racial hygiene movements, but also to broader concerns, expressed throughout Western modernity, regarding the “health” of nation states and their subjects. This dissertation analyses books by Velma Demerson, Hiromi Goto, David Chariandy, Rita Wong, Roy Miki and Larissa Lai to argue that Asian Canadian literature reveals, in heightened critical terms, how the politics of racial difference has consistently ...

  16. Vaade minevikku kaljult mere ääres / Helju Koger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koger, Helju, 1943-


    Eesti Vabaõhumuuseumis asuvast Kochidele kuulunud Liberty suvemõisast (arhitekt Otto Schott, 1905), puiesteest Via Appia, Arthur Girard de Soucantoni hävinud villast (arhitekt Rudolf Knüpffer), G. de Soucantoni tütre Helene ja Eugen Von Nottbecki suvilast nr. 15, raidkividest, Etienne Girard de Soucantoni šveitsi villast (praegu muuseumi teadurite töömaja) jm. 11 ill

  17. Human dignity in the Nazi era: implications for contemporary bioethics


    O'Mathúna, Dónal


    Abstract Background The justification for Nazi programs involving involuntary euthanasia, forced sterilisation, eugenics and human experimentation were strongly influenced by views about human dignity. The historical development of these views should be examined today because discussions of human worth and value are integral to medical ethics and bioethics. We should learn lessons from how human dignity came to be so distorted to avoid repetition of similar distortions. Discussion Social Darw...

  18. Development of a Knowledge-Based System Approach for Decision Making in Construction Projects (United States)


    Successful Expert Systems," L. Schaefer and Richard E. Westney. d. B-8. "Advanced Technology in Cost Engineering: A panel Discussion," Anthony P G. Welsh. e...York, 1961. 71. Swinburne , Herbert, FAIA, Design Cost Analysis for Architects and Engineers, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York. 72. Tribus, Myron...for Engineers and Scientists. Second Edition, Macmillian Publishing Co., Inc., New York, 1978. 90. Webb, Eugene J., Donald T. Campbell, Richard D

  19. Uprooting the Seeds of Evil: Jewish Marriage Regulation, Morality Certificates, and Degenerate Prostitute Mothers in 1930s Buenos Aires


    Yarfitz, Mir


    Unlike in the eugenics movement in the United States, in which generally white, highly educated, Christian reformers discouraged reproduction among African Americans and non- Anglo Saxon immigrants deemed “unfit,” Jewish social reformers in Argentina attempted to delineate the boundaries of membership within their own community. Esras Noschim’s morality certification system and particular concern with prostitute mothers as a degenerative influence on future generations revealed deep anxiety w...

  20. Liquid Metallic Hydrogen: A Building Block for the Liquid Sun


    Robitaille P.-M.


    Liquid metallic hydrogen provides a compelling material for constructing a condensed matter model of the Sun and the photosphere. Like diamond, metallic hydrogen might have the potential to be a metastable substance requiring high pressures for forma- tion. Once created, it would remain stable even at lower pressures. The metallic form of hydrogen was initially conceived in 1935 by Eugene Wigner and Hillard B. Huntington who indirectly anticipated its elevated critical temper...

  1. Dictionnaire biographique des musiciens / Baker, Theodore, Slonimsky, Nicolas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baker, Theodore


    Eesti muusikutest: Aarne, Els (lk. 1). Aav, Evald (1). Aavik, Juhan (2). Eller, Heino (1149). Ernesaks, Gustav (1180). Järvi, Neeme (1951). Kapp. Artur (2036). Kapp, Eugen (2036). Kapp, Villem (2037). Kasemets, Udo (2050-2051). Mägi [Myagi], Ester (2923). Pärt, Arvo (3114-3115). Rääts, Jaan (3321). Saar, Mart (3558). Sumera, Lepo (4099). Tamberg, Eino (4151). Tobias, Rudolf (4240). Tubin, Eduard (4288)

  2. Villa peegeldustega minevikku / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016


    Tallinnas Hiiul Vabaduse puiesteel asuva villa sisekujundus. 1940. aastatel valminud funkvilla on projekteerinud arhitekt Eugen Sacharias. Sisekujundaja: Juta Lember, kes kavandas ka põhiosa mööblist. Ehitaja: AS Eesti Ehitus. Sisustus: OÜ Disekt-ST, OÜ Estconde Interior. Vaibad: Peeter Kuutma. vitraažaken: Mare Lobjakas. Juta Lemberist, tema tähtsamad tööd. Ill.: 3 plaani, 13 värv. vaadet

  3. Uus korter ja midagi veel / Eve Kaunis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaunis, Eve


    Uus Maa kinnisvarabüroo eluruumide konsultant Eve Kaunis ostjate eelistustest korterite valikul. Peamised müügiargumendid on soodne hind ja rohked lisaväärtused. Näiteks toodud 2-toaline korter (sisekujundus: Aet Piel, 71 m2) Põhja-Tallinnas Eugen Sachariase projekti järgi ehitatud majas ja 3-toaline korter (66,4 m2) Keilas 1980. aastatel ehitatud elamus

  4. Soviet Nationalities in German Wartime Strategy, 1941-1945. (United States)


    repression in the Western Ukraine is given in Eugen Glowinsky, "The WesternUkrainians," in Nikolai Deker and Andrei Lebed, Genocide in the USSR. The Scarecrow...resolute struggle against the church , the Soviet regime had not been able to eradicate the religiosity of the Ukrainian people and religious belief...people among the Nazi hierarchy who simply did not believe in the political significance of the religious issue. Their attitudes toward the church were

  5. The Silver Bird story: A memoir (United States)

    Saenger-Bredt, I.


    A manned recoverable flying machine that operates both in air and space was discussed. This space shuttle precursor was proposed in the early 1900's by Eugen Sanger. The vehicle was especially to be used as the first stage of booster rockets or to ferry, supply and furnish rescue equipment for manned space stations. Basic concepts of the space aircraft, a cross between a powered booster rocket and an aerodynamic glider, are presented.



    Simper, Sanja


    This report deals with a school project that prompted the organisation of the international scientific symposium «Dr. Leo H. Sternbach: Life and Work of Valium Inventor» (Opatija, Villa Angiolina,18th May 2006.), and the unveiling of the commemorative plaque on the house in Opatija where Dr. Leo Henryk Sternbach, an eminent American scientist originating from Opatija, spent his childhood. The project was realised by the pupils of The Eugen Kumičić Grammar School in Opatija; ...

  7. Advanced Quantification of Plutonium Ionization Potential to Support Nuclear Forensic Evaluations by Resonance Ionization Mass Spectrometry (United States)


    global impacts on the world of nuclear physics [1]. Physicists Lise Meitner and Otto Fritsch were contemplating a finding by Otto Hahn and came...1939, a letter written by physicist Leó Szilárd in consultation with Edward Teller and Eugene Wigner, and signed by Albert Einstein, was sent to...application. Then it involved exercise of the model to compare outputs to known experimental data to gain important insights into the application of the

  8. A Nobel for the Random Walk of Stock Prices


    Henderson, David


    Commentary Sometimes the Nobel committee seems to make a partly political statement in choosing winners of the prize in economics. Not this year. On Monday, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the 2013 Nobel to three deserving American economists: Eugene Fama and Lars Peter Hansen at the University of Chicago and Robert Shiller of Yale University. The prizes were based on the importance of their work, which "laid the foundation for the current understanding of ...

  9. Autismo: revisión conceptual : Cercamientos posibles desde el psicoanálisis


    Romero, María Daniela


    El presente trabajo intenta circunscribir el fenómeno autista, tomando como referencia primera la creación de Eugene Bleuler del término autismo para designar uno de los síntomas de la esquizofrenia. Se considera el cuadro clínico descrito por Leo Kanner, para quien se trata de una entidad sindrómica diferente de la esquizofrenia infantil.

  10. Misunderstanding Jung: the afterlife of legends. (United States)

    Shamdasani, S


    F. X. Charet's article, 'Understanding Jung: recent biographies and scholarship', is full of errors and legends. In this article, I demonstrate the tendentiousness of his criticisms of the historical work of Eugene Taylor and myself concerning Jung's linkages with the subliminal psychology of Théodore Flournoy, William James, and F. W. H. Myers, and the fallaciousness of his criticism of my claim that Memories, Dreams, Reflections was not Jung's autobiography.

  11. Review of existing electricity quality label systems in the European Union


    White, Sara; Vrolijk, Christiaan


    Green electricity quality labels have been utilised in the European Union since 1990. Of the seventeen European countries analysed here1, at the time of writing nine had no countryspecific quality label, although all electricity tariffs within Europe were able to apply for accreditation under the EUGENE labelling scheme. Germany had several quality labels, each with slightly different criteria. All of the eighteen labels identified in the report applied to electricity from renewable sources. ...

  12. Orthologs and paralogs - we need to get it right (United States)

    Jensen, Roy A


    A response to Homologuephobia, by Gregory A Petsko, Genome Biology 2001 2:comment1002.1-1002.2, to An apology for orthologs - or brave new memes by Eugene V Koonin, Genome Biology 2001, 2:comment1005.1-1005.2, and to Can sequence determine function? by John A Gerlt and Patricia C Babbitt, Genome Biology 2000, 1:reviews0005.1-0005.10. PMID:11532207

  13. U.S. Maritime Interests in the South Atlantic. Appendix I (United States)


    discoveries to be located on land. Overseas, Brazil sees its interests in West Africa growing for economic, political and cultural reasons. By the South Africa is generally land extensive. In the AFSA nations, where agri- culture constitutes the predominant economic activity, the re- activities off the coast of Brazil’s troubled Northeast. Many Brazilian Captain Guilherme Eugenic Barbosa Domont, " Importancia Estrategica

  14. Gclust Server: 92222 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 92222 PoTR_582834 Cluster Sequences Related Sequences(248) 226 eugene3.14400002 1 1....00e-19 14.29 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Show 92222 Cluster ID 92222 Sequence ID PoTR_582834 Link to cluster sequen...ces Cluster Sequences Link to related sequences Related Sequences(248) Sequence length 226 Representative an

  15. Experimental validation of novel genes predicted in the un-annotated regions of the Arabidopsis genome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Town Christopher D


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several lines of evidence support the existence of novel genes and other transcribed units which have not yet been annotated in the Arabidopsis genome. Two gene prediction programs which make use of comparative genomic analysis, Twinscan and EuGene, have recently been deployed on the Arabidopsis genome. The ability of these programs to make use of sequence data from other species has allowed both Twinscan and EuGene to predict over 1000 genes that are intergenic with respect to the most recent annotation release. A high throughput RACE pipeline was utilized in an attempt to verify the structure and expression of these novel genes. Results 1,071 un-annotated loci were targeted by RACE, and full length sequence coverage was obtained for 35% of the targeted genes. We have verified the structure and expression of 378 genes that were not present within the most recent release of the Arabidopsis genome annotation. These 378 genes represent a structurally diverse set of transcripts and encode a functionally diverse set of proteins. Conclusion We have investigated the accuracy of the Twinscan and EuGene gene prediction programs and found them to be reliable predictors of gene structure in Arabidopsis. Several hundred previously un-annotated genes were validated by this work. Based upon this information derived from these efforts it is likely that the Arabidopsis genome annotation continues to overlook several hundred protein coding genes.

  16. [Induced abortion]. (United States)

    Sasaki, S


    It is recommended that adopt an Abortion Law in place of its Eugenic Protection Law. At present 560,000 cases of abortion are performed yearly in Japan in spite of the fact that 90% of married couples are practicing birth control. That means that each year 1 out of 50 women at childbearing age (between 15-44 years of age) has an abortion. Induced abortion is illegal in Japan in accordance with Article 29 of the Criminal Law which came into effect in 1881. However, based on the Eugenic Protection Law put into effect in 1948, induced abortions performed by Eugenic Protection Law designated doctors are legal. Since the 1975 Declaration of International Year of Women Projects in 38% of the countries around the world, legalized abortion is available during the 1st trimester. In such countries as England, Sweden, and East Germany a woman's right to abortion is protected by an Abortion Law. Japan should follow their steps. Abortion, however, does leave emotional as well as physical scars on women. More expanded sex education which deals with teenage pregnancy, male/female relationships leading to unwanted pregnancy, morality of sex, contraception, etc., is needed.

  17. How a network of conservationists and population control activists created the contemporary US anti-immigration movement. (United States)

    Normandin, Sebastian; Valles, Sean A


    Continuing historical narratives of the early twentieth century nexus of conservationism, eugenics, and nativism (exemplified by Madison Grant), this paper traces the history of the contemporary US anti-immigration movement's roots in environmentalism and global population control activism, through an exploration of the thoughts and activities of the activist, John Tanton, who has been called "the most influential unknown man in America." We explore the "neo-Malthusian" ideas that sparked a seminal moment for population control advocacy in the late 1960s and early 1970s, leading to the creation of Zero Population Growth (ZPG). After rising to the presidency of ZPG, Tanton, and ZPG spun off the Federation for American Immigration Reform. After leaving ZPG's leadership, Tanton created additional anti-immigration advocacy groups and built up connections with existing organizations such as the Pioneer Fund. We trace Tanton's increasingly radical conservative network of anti-immigration advocates, conservationists, and population control activists to the present day. Tanton's archived papers illustrate, among other things, his interactions with collaborators such as ecologist Garrett Hardin (author of the famous "Tragedy of the Commons") and his documented interest in reviving eugenics. We contend that this history of Tanton's network provides key insights into understanding how there came to be an overlap between the ideologies and activist communities of immigration restrictionism, population control, conservationism and eugenics. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. A Gift or a Waste? Quintavalle, Surplus Embryos and the Abortion Act 1967. (United States)

    Cherkassky, Lisa


    The destruction of an embryo must be justified in law. This is to prevent frivolous wastage and to show the respect afforded by the Warnock Report (1984). For example, embryonic destruction during pregnancy is underpinned by the Abortion Act 1967, and embryonic destruction during fertility treatment is regulated by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990. However, following the appeal decision in R (Quintavalle) v Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (and Secretary of State for Health) [2005] 2 A.C. 561, embryos can now be created for a bone marrow tissue match to a sick sibling under the Human Fertility and Embryology Act 1990 according to the subjective desires of the mother. This opens the door to the first example of embryonic destruction on unique social-eugenic grounds with no clear lawful justification. It is argued that these embryos should be afforded a unique destruction provision under an amended version of section 1(1)(a) of the Abortion Act 1967 in light of their 'social-eugenic' nature. This would protect the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority from accusations of undercover eugenic practices and reinstate the respect shown towards embryos in law.

  19. Giuseppe Sergi. The portrait of a positivist scientist. (United States)

    Cerro, Giovanni


    Giuseppe Sergi (1841-1936) was one of the most important anthropologists and psychologists of the age of positivism and this article focuses on three domains of his scientific research: degeneration, eugenics and race. His concept of degeneration is defined as the development of special forms of human adaptation to the environment. This issue is closely related to his theory of the "stratification of character", which had a profound impact on Italian psychiatry and criminal anthropology in the late nineteenth century. Thus, special emphasis is placed on the differences between Sergi and Cesare Lombroso regarding their definitions of criminality and genius. Concerning eugenics, the article analyzes Sergi's key role in the Italian context, discussing his eugenic program based on both repression and education. His remedies against the spread of degeneration included not only radical and repressive measures, but also the improvement of popular education and the living conditions of the working class. In the field of physical anthropology, the article examines Sergi's morphological method of classifying ethnic groups. Although sharply criticized in Italy and abroad, this method had two major effects. First, it led to the definitive split between Sergi and Paolo Mantegazza and to the foundation of the Societá Romana di Antropologia in 1893. Second, it was the starting point for Sergi's theory of Mediterranean "stock", which claimed that European populations were of African origin in contrast to contemporary theories of Aryan supremacy. The article ends with a look at the heated debate over Sergi's Mediterraneanism during the period of Fascism.

  20. Knowledge and positions on bioethical dilemmas in a sample of Spanish nursing students: a questionnaire study. (United States)

    Losa Iglesias, Marta Elena; Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Ricardo; Palacios Ceña, Domingo; Fuentes, Paloma Salvadores


    This study, performed in Madrid, Spain, evaluates nursing students' understanding and attitudes about bioethical dilemmas that they will likely confront as health care providers. We asked 86 juniors in the King Juan Carlos University Nursing baccalaureate program about their knowledge of and personal attitudes on five biomedical advances: eugenics, experimentation with unimplanted embryos, human cloning, abortion, and euthanasia. Students reported being most knowledgeable about abortion and euthanasia and least familiar with eugenics. Examining the data for a correlation between the two phenomenon (knowledge and position) with respect to each of these five biomedical issues, the students reported significantly Conversely, they held significantly neutral positions on eugenics, a virtually unfamiliar topic for them (r = 0.618, p < 0.0001). The data also revealed a significantly direct correlation between knowledge and position for experimentation with non-implanted embryos (correlation coefficient = 0.380, p < 0.0001), that is, little knowledge and neutral attitudes. The trend findings for abortion and cloning were not significant. Based on these data, we concluded that the nursing program would benefit from additional biomedical curriculum.

  1. El pensamiento eugénico de Marañón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferrándiz, Alejandra


    Full Text Available Athough eugenic ideas were by no means alien to Spanish thought before the 20th century, it is only by the end of the 1920s and the beginning of the 1930s that the first steps towards an institutionalization of Eugenics in Spain were actually taken. In this period, Dr. Marañón produced a number of interesting writings, mostly of a minor or occasional nature, on Eugenic subjects. Marañón was by then one of the leading intellectuals of his generation. His great reputation as a physician and as a man of science was only equal to his wide acknowledgement as a writer on general social issues, which makes his contribution to Eugenics particularly significant. In spite of the attention always paid by Marañón to Eugenic issues, he never published a proper treatise on the subject. His views must therefore be gathered from very scattered sources. The aim of this paper is to accomplish such a task, and thus draw an outline of Marañón's eugenic program by emphasizing those aspects (biological, economic, political, educational and moral he mainly dealt with. It is there thereby sought to unearth a key contribution to the development of eugenic ideas in early 20th century.

    A finales de 1920 y comienzos de 1930 tiene lugar uno de los primeros intentos de institucionalización de la Eugenesia en España. Son éstos también los años en que Marañón, por entonces una de las figuras públicas de mayor relieve y prestigio de todo el país, escribe sobre el tema. Su gran reputación no sólo como médico y hombre de ciencia, sino también como escritor y conferenciante sobre asuntos de amplio alcance social, dotó a sus escritos de una eficacia divulgadora incomparable, lo que hace enormemente significativa su defensa del ideal eugénico. A pesar de la importancia que atribuyó siempre a la Eugenesia, Marañón no llegó a escribir nunca un tratado sobre el tema. Pero los escritos dispersos en que se ocupa de él contienen ideas que, a nuestro

  2. Ernst Rüdin: Hitler's Racial Hygiene Mastermind. (United States)

    Joseph, Jay; Wetzel, Norbert A


    Ernst Rüdin (1874-1952) was the founder of psychiatric genetics and was also a founder of the German racial hygiene movement. Throughout his long career he played a major role in promoting eugenic ideas and policies in Germany, including helping formulate the 1933 Nazi eugenic sterilization law and other governmental policies directed against the alleged carriers of genetic defects. In the 1940s Rüdin supported the killing of children and mental patients under a Nazi program euphemistically called "Euthanasia." The authors document these crimes and discuss their implications, and also present translations of two publications Rüdin co-authored in 1938 showing his strong support for Hitler and his policies. The authors also document what they see as revisionist historical accounts by leading psychiatric genetic authors. They outline three categories of contemporary psychiatric genetic accounts of Rüdin and his work: (A) those who write about German psychiatric genetics in the Nazi period, but either fail to mention Rüdin at all, or cast him in a favorable light; (B) those who acknowledge that Rüdin helped promote eugenic sterilization and/or may have worked with the Nazis, but generally paint a positive picture of Rüdin's research and fail to mention his participation in the "euthanasia" killing program; and (C) those who have written that Rüdin committed and supported unspeakable atrocities. The authors conclude by calling on the leaders of psychiatric genetics to produce a detailed and complete account of their field's history, including all of the documented crimes committed by Rüdin and his associates.

  3. [German neurology and neurologists during the Third Reich: exemplified by research on epilepsy]. (United States)

    Martin, M; Fangerau, H; Karenberg, A


    There are only a small number of studies dealing with the impact of eugenic theories and practices on the research of particular neurological diseases during the Third Reich. Thus, this contribution to the special issue on neurology in Germany between 1933 and 1945 focuses exemplarily on epilepsy research. By drawing on primary sources and secondary literature the article tries to reconstruct the scientific discourse of the time and consider the implications for patients. National socialistic ideology was based on eugenic thinking and the implementation of eugenic policies was a major political objective. An immediate effect of this policy was the passing of the Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring (Gesetz zur Verhütung erbkranken Nachwuchses) in 1933. According to this law "hereditary epilepsy" along with various other neurological and psychiatric disorders was regarded as a mandatory indication for forced sterilization. Subsequently, funding of epileptological research was generously increased and extended, e. g. at the German Research Institute (Deutsche Forschungsanstalt) in Munich and the Rheinische Provinzial-Institut in Bonn. The main focus was placed on idiopathic forms of the disease, which were a priori considered as hereditary. At the annual meetings of the Society of German Neurologists and Psychiatrists (Gesellschaft deutscher Neurologen und Psychiater), lectures and debates on epilepsy repeatedly constituted a key topic. Some participants opted for a broad interpretation of "endogeneity" and thus favored an extension of the practice of sterilization but others advocated a more differentiated and restricted attitude. Several neurology researchers showed a penchant for self-mobilization in line with the doctrine of the new government.

  4. De plantas y hombres: cómo los genetistas se vincularon a la eugenesia en Brasil (un estudio de caso, 1929-1938

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arantes Botelho Briglia Habib, Paula


    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyse the trajectory of Octávio Domingues (1897-1972 and Salvador de Toledo Piza Jr. (1898-1988, two geneticists in the Agricultural School of São Paulo State, who engaged with the main propagandist for the eugenics in Brazil, Renato Kehl (1889-1974. This approach is embodied in its association surrounding the publication of the Boletim de Eugenia, an important vehicle for the dissemination of the eugenics movement between the years 1929 and 1933. From the analysis of this journal, it was possible to detect that even sharing both Mendelian theory of heredity, Toledo Piza Jr. considered miscegenation of the Brazilian population as something against nature, while Octávio Domingues judged it healthy.En el presente artículo pretendemos reflexionar sobre la trayectoria de Octávio Domingues (1897-1972 y Salvador Toledo Piza Jr. (1898-1988, dos genetistas de una escuela agrícola del Estado de São Paulo que se vincularon al principal propagador de la eugenesia en Brasil, Renato Kehl (1889-1974. Ese acercamiento se concretó en su asociación alrededor de la publicación del Boletim de Eugenia, importante vehículo de divulgación del movimiento eugenésico entre los años 1929 y 1933. A partir del análisis de esa publicación periódica, ha sido posible detectar que, aunque los dos partían de la teoría mendeliana de la herencia, Toledo Piza Jr. consideraba el mestizaje de la población brasileña como algo que iba en contra de la naturaleza, mientras que Octávio Domingues la juzgaba saludable.

  5. La tardo-eugenesia en Argentina: un enfoque desde la longue durée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda, Marisa A.


    Full Text Available This paper discusses Eugenics in Argentina, taking a long term view, exhuming historical continuities that survived over time while ignoring deep contextual changes. Thus, in reference to the history of science (of which the history of Eugenics forms a part we can identify longue duree as part of a transcendent cultural phenomenon. This persistence is motivated by the strength of its principles, enabling it to survive more or less unaffected by events occurring in the environment, which, from another perspective, would cause a reversal of the proposed thesis. This paradigmatic strength, which can also be understood as resistance, in biopolitical terms, has granted some immunity and that, in turn, has allowed Eugenics to produce its own antibodies even after the horrors of Nazism became known.Este trabajo analiza la eugenesia en Argentina desde un enfoque de larga duración, que, como tal, se mantuvo en el tiempo con cierta indiferencia a cambios contextuales profundos. Así, respecto a la historia de la ciencia (dentro de cuyo ámbito se incluye a la historia de la eugenesia puede identificarse esa larga duración como parte de un fenómeno cultural que subsistiera, más o menos incólume, ante eventos habidos en el entorno que, desde otra perspectiva, hubieran implicado un trastocamiento inevitable de la tesis propuesta. Esa fortaleza (o resistencia paradigmática es la que, leída en términos biopolíticos, le ha otorgado a la tardo eugenesia cierta inmunidad y que, a la vez, le ha permitido fabricar sus propios anticuerpos luego de conocidos los horrores del nazismo.

  6. Early Jet Engines and the Transition from Centrifugal to Axial Compressors: A Case Study in Technological Change (United States)


    edition of his work appeared. In 1938, Eastman N. Jacobs and Eugene Wasielewski of the NACA began designing an axial-flow compressor on the basis of...development) proceeded slowly. In the case of NACA’s eight-stage compressor, Jacobs and Wasielewski designed it in 1938, the NACA built and tested it in 1941...36-38. In the late 1930’s Kantrowitz was involved in the design of a supersonic wind tunnel. 18 Seymour M. Bogdonoff and Harriet E. Bogdonoff, "Blade

  7. Property, Poverty, Poetry: Lorine Niedecker’s Quiet Revelations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine LEMARDELEY


    Full Text Available Even though Lorine Niedecker (1903-1971 lived a rather secluded life in Wisconsin on Black Hawk Island near Fort Atkinson, and despite her deceptively simple declaration, “The Brontes had their moors, I have my marshes,” she was anything but a regionalist poet. She kept very much in touch with the international avant-garde, through small press magazines, namely transition edited by Eugene Jolas, who was the first one to publish texts by Breton, Reverdy and Soupault along with Gertrude Stein’...

  8. Mechanics of Generalized Continua

    CERN Document Server

    Maugin, Gerard A


    In their 1909 publication "Theorie des corps deformables", Eugene and Francois Cosserat made a historic contribution to materials science by establishing the fundamental principles of the mechanics of generalized continua. The chapters collected in this volume showcase the many areas of continuum mechanics that grew out of the foundational work of the Cosserat brothers. The included contributions provide a detailed survey of the most recent theoretical developments in the field of generalized continuum mechanics. The diverse topics covered include: the properties of Cosserat media, m


    Schepin, V O; Zatravkin, S N


    The article presents results of analysis of works of late XIX--first quarter of XY centuries devoted to problems of social hygiene. It is established that origin of social hygiene was directly related to crucial revision of conceptions of causes and essence of diseases that created necessary conditions for transfer into medicine ideas and methods of political economy, sociology and eugenics. It is proved that origin of social hygiene was appropriate consequence of those crucial alterations in mass physician's consciousness that characterize scientific revolution in medicine of late XIX--first half XX centuries.

  10. Una dialógica desestabilizadora del orden social y sexual: el médico argentino Juan Lazarte en la revista anarquista Estudios (1932-1936

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiménez-Lucena, Isabel


    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze the articles published by Argentinean physician Juan Larzarte in the magazine Estudios in the 1930s. This took place within a publishing policy aimed at overcoming the exclusion of discourses opposing the established social order. The discourse practices we explore were dialogic while focusing on neo-Malthusian and eugenic propositions and the historical causes of a gendered social relations structuring a double sexual morals. Lazarte used several forms of intertextuality and suggested the compatibility of seemingly opposed approaches without getting round the differences and avoiding debates in dichotomic terms. These practices allowed the strategic use of eugenic rhetoric within the neo-Malthusian proposition aimed at the human species to reach a state of good living. As he did not consider history from an ideology of progress, and insisted on taking into account the different facets of any issue (biological, economic and cultural, Lazarte’s discourse in Estudios contributed to configure a world defying the assumptions of a deterministic biopower, thus becoming a destabilizing power regarding the sexual and social order.En este trabajo analizamos los artículos del médico argentino Juan Lazarte publicados en la revista Estudios en los años 30 del siglo XX. Este hecho se produjo en el marco de una política editorial que pretendía superar la exclusión a que eran sometidos los discursos de oposición al orden social establecido. La práctica discursiva analizada se desarrolló sobre una dialógica en torno a las propuestas neomaltusianas y eugenésicas y a las causas históricas de unas relaciones sociales generizadas que estructuraban una doble moral sexual. Lazarte usó diversas formas de intertextualidad y señaló la compatibilidad de planteamientos que se mostraban opuestos en apariencia, sin obviar las diferencias, evitando los debates en términos dicotómicos. Esta praxis hizo posible un uso táctico de la

  11. Reflections on the doctoral thesis Race in Antioquia is unique and is not degenerated = Reflexiones sobre la tesis doctoral “La raza antioqueña es única y no está degenerada”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Carrizosa Moog


    Full Text Available In several countries, totalitarianism, fascism and national-socialism had racial topics as core policies. Other countries did not necessarily have a liberal thinking on this specific matter, and also approved discriminatory laws. In Latin America, eugenics had a great impact on public health policies during the first half of the 20th century, and gave rise to stigmatization of ill persons and of different races. Ninety years after its publication, a doctoral thesis on the race in Antioquia, Colombia, may still have validity.

  12. History of the theory of numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Dickson, Leonard Eugene


    The three-volume series History of the Theory of Numbers is the work of the distinguished mathematician Leonard Eugene Dickson, who taught at the University of Chicago for four decades and is celebrated for his many contributions to number theory and group theory. This second volume in the series, which is suitable for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, is devoted to the subject of diophantine analysis. It can be read independently of the preceding volume, which explores divisibility and primality, and volume III, which examines quadratic and higher forms.Featured topics include

  13. La adaptación (¿o traducción?) cinematográfica de Oneguin


    San Vicente, Ricard; Garcia Sala, Ivan


    Eugene Onegin by Pushkin is one of the main works in Russian literature, and is difficult to adapt to film because of its literary characteristics and cultural connotations. In 1999, the Fiennes made a film adaptation destined mainly to Anglo-Saxon audience. As the Fiennes’ intention was to create a film that would be credible and understandable but, at the same time, not deprived of the fidelity with respect to its Russian original, they had to «translate» the novel by means of visual and li...

  14. Александра Кушнера диалог с Пушкиным


    Sadzińska, Ewa


    Alexander Kushner’s poetry is an endless and timeless dialogue with his predecessors. Alexander Pushkin has a special place among them. Overt and covert references to the author of “Eugene Onegin” are present at various levels of Kushner’s texts – in themes, images, ideas, as well as at the level of formal organization: in language and metrics. The present article deals with the modes of reception and interpretation of Pushkin’s lyrics in the oeuvre of the contemporary poet fro...

  15. Biopoetics of control and resistance in William Burroughs’ The Nova Trilogy


    Christiansen, Steen Ledet


    William Burroughs’ oft-quoted idea that language is a virus is often reflected in the many different versions of the posthuman found today. While this idea of language as virus has been behind many information theoretical readings of Burroughs’ works, it is clear that Burroughs’ poetics is as much a poetics of embodiment, or what I will call a biopoetics. In order to develop this notion of biopoetics, I will draw both on Eugene Thacker's argument about biomedia as the conflation of inform...

  16. The Nazi cosmetic: medicine in the service of beauty. (United States)

    Efstathiou, Sophia


    This paper examines how aesthetic ideals shaped the practice of Nazi medicine. It proposes that Nazi eugenics relied on the conflation of norms of health with norms of beauty determined and performed by Nazi cultures of action. Though theories of biological holism served as vehicles of Nazi ideology, they did so contingently. The anti-totalitarian thinking of biological holist Kurt Goldstein shows that the use of biological holism to promote Nazi ideology was not inevitable. This examination of aesthetic influences on Nazi medicine shows that traditionally speaking 'non-rational' factors shaped the Nazi biomedical program's aims and methods. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. In memoriam 1998

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    1998. a. surnud kunstnikke maailmas: César (César Baldaccini; 1. I 1921-6. XII), Lucio Costa (27. II 1902-13.VI), Egill Jacobsen(16. XII 1910-21. IV), Victor Pasmore (3. XII 1908-23. I), Antonio Saura (22. IX 1930-22. VII); Eestis: Eugen Kask (18. I 1918-11. V), Kaja Kärner (3. VIII 1920-1. VII), Agu Pihelga (3. VIII 1910-5. I), Emilda Trepp (21. VII 1912-30. I)

  18. “Exile” as a Theologico-Political Principle in Leo Strauss’s Jewish Thought


    Martin Yaffe


    I consider the recent attempt by Professor Eugene Sheppard to follow the development of Strauss’s thought within the parameters of Strauss’s biographical circumstance as a German-Jewish “exile.” I sketch Sheppard’s approach to Strauss in a preliminary way so as to bring out something of its historicist character. After that, I test the soundness of Sheppard’s approach by looking at a statement of Strauss’s on “exile” which is found in his most autobiographical writing. My purpose in doing so ...

  19. [Polish neuropsychiatric environment to sterilization laws in the thirties of the twentieth century]. (United States)

    Kujawski, Ryszard


    The article describes the considerations that were carried out by Polish psychiatrists and neurologists in the thirties of the twentieth century, due to the sterilization of persons with mental disorders. The paper presents a short history of sterilization laws in the world. The reaction to the German Law for the Prevention of Hereditary Diseased Offspring (1933) among Polish psychiatrists was presented. The views of psychiatrists and neurologists to the proposed sterilization law in Poland were also outlined. Two projects of eugenic laws in Poland came from psychiatrists. Sterilization Law in Poland ultimately was enacted.

  20. Spontaneous current sheets in magnetic fields with applications to stellar X-rays

    CERN Document Server

    Parker, Eugene N


    Expanding upon the ideas first proposed in his seminal book Cosmical Magnetic Fields, Eugene N. Parker here offers the first in-depth treatment of the magnetohydrodynamic theory of spontaneous magnetic discontinuities. In detailing his theory of the spontaneous formation of tangential discontinuities (current sheets) in a magnetic field embedded in highly conducting plasma, Parker shows how it can be used to explain the activity of the external magnetic fields of planets, stars, interstellar gas clouds, and galaxies, as well as the magnetic fields in laboratory plasmas. Provocative and fascinating, Spontaneous Current Sheets in Magnetic Fields presents a bold new theory that will excite interest and discussion throughout the space physics community.