WorldWideScience

Sample records for ett massabruks sodapanna

  1. Effects of Non Process Elements in the chemical recovery system of a kraft pulp mill from the incineration in the recovery boiler of biological sludge; Effekter av PFG vid indunstning och foerbraenning av bioslam i ett massabruks sodapanna

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahlbom, Johan

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to investigate the effects of incineration of biological sludge in the recovery boiler of a Swedish Kraft pulp mill, StoraEnso Pulp AB Skutskaers Bruk, which has practiced incineration of sludge in the recovery boiler during the last two years. The following aspects of the technique were investigated: Experience from operation of incineration of biological sludge in the recovery boiler; The content of Non-Process Elements (NPE) in process flows and evaluate the risks of incrustations in the system; The build-up of NPE in the chemicals recovery system and the estimated increase in make-up lime demand; and Technical risks for mills with different process equipment. This study comprises the following NPE: aluminium, silicon, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, chloride, iron, manganese, potassium, copper, and nitrogen. The operational experience from the system for hydrolysis of the biological sludge and evaporation/incineration in the recovery boiler is excellent. The handling of the sludge takes place in a closed system that demands little supervision and maintenance. Overall, the mill has not seen any negative effects that can be explained by increased intake of NPEs to the chemical recovery system. Aluminium can lead to troublesome incrustations of sodium-aluminium-silicates on the heat surfaces in the evaporation plant. An effective elimination of aluminium by the green liquor dreg is obtained with the double salt hydrotalcite if the quotient Mg/Al is kept higher than 4-5 in the black liquor. The need for make-up lime has increased due to the build-up of phosphorus in the lime. Depending on the level of make-up lime the need will increase 2-5 kg/ t{sub 90} at a price of 2-5 kr/t{sub 90}. If a higher level of phosphorus is accepted instead of increasing lime make-up the running costs will be somewhat higher, 0,5-1 kr/t{sub 90} due to increased ballast. NO{sub x} in the flue gases from the recovery boiler has not increased since the start-up of incineration of biological sludge in the recovery boiler. A possible explanation may be that the nitrogen in the biological sludge exists in a state that gives less formation of NO{sub x} compared to nitrogen in the black liquor. For the other NPE as silicon, magnesium, calcium, chloride, iron, manganese, potassium and copper the contribution from the sludge is low. It will not give any problems for the chemical recovery system at Skutskaer. Integrated pulp and paper mills with or without recycled paper use and coating with calcium carbonate and/or kaolin will probably have increased difficulties to incinerate biological sludge in the recovery boiler. The production of paper in addition to the pulp production will generate higher amounts of biological sludge also will contain higher content of calcium, aluminium and silica and possibly other NPE from the recycled paper.

  2. Population Analysis Of Emergent Timber Trees Species (Etts) In Iko ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In view of the high mortality of ETTs brought about by over storey competition, insect and disease attacks, senescence, high rate of exploitation by man etc, it is recommended that the seeds of ETTs should be collected from time to time for the purpose of raising nurseries for pure forest plantation establishment using ETTs ...

  3. Corrado Pettenati acting head of ETT

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Following the departure of Juan Antonio Rubio, Corrado Pettenati has been appointed as the acting head of the ETT unit with effect from 1 August. He joined CERN in 1995 as head librarian, reorganizing and modernizing the library before becoming deputy leader of ETT from June 2000 to April 2004. Previously, he worked at the European University Institute in Florence from 1976, developing automated library systems and becoming head of the computer centre in 1985. He has also been a software analyst and a telecommunications specialist. In 2003 he was appointed as member of the steering committee of the Cellule de Coordination Documentaire Nationale pour les Mathématiques de Grenoble, and in 2004 became a member of the EULER - European Libraries and Electronic Resources in Mathematical Sciences - Scientific Advisory Board, based in Germany. He was born in 1946 and graduated with a degree in Electrical Engineering from the Polytechnic in Milan in 1969.

  4. Multilingualism and the ethnic identity of the Ette people | Egenti ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Due to their diverse nature, the classification of indigenous languages in Nigeria ranks some of them as major, main and small group languages. The Ette people speak two main, and one major, Nigerian languages namely: Idoma, Igala and Igbo respectively. This paper sets out to examine the Ette people in the light of their ...

  5. Intraoperative management of ETT and LMA cufi pressures: a survey ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2008-07-16

    Jul 16, 2008 ... Intra-operative management of ETT and LMA cuff pressures: A survey of anaesthetists' knowledge, attitude and current practice ..... This is a definite hindrance to changing current practice and we suggest cuff manometers be more readily available. There are unfortunately still a small number of our ...

  6. BEHOVEN KRING ETT ANVÄNDBART BELÄGGNINGS- OCH BEMANNINGSSYSTEM : En användarcentrerad utveckling av ett internt beläggnings- och bemanningssystem på ett medelstort IT-konsultföretag.

    OpenAIRE

    Morberg, Frida; Schyl, Johanna

    2012-01-01

    I detta examensarbete genomförs en användarcentrerad designprocess med mål att utvärdera olika arbetsmetoder som används för att skapa ett förslag till ett beläggnings- och bemanningssystem, i form av en prototyp, för IT-konsultföretaget Valtech AB. Under arbetet har vi försökt att utreda hur bra dessa arbetsmetoder är för att identifiera användarna och deras behov men även att analysera vilka designmoment som är viktiga för att systemet ska bli användbart. Företaget har ett beläggnings- och ...

  7. President Medvedev: Putiniga võistlemist on raske ette kujutada / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2011-01-01

    Venemaa presidendi Dmitri Medvedevi intervjuust ajalehele Financial Times. Medvedevi sõnul esindavad tema ja Vladimir Putrin suuresti sama poliitilist jõudu ning on raske ette kujutada Putiniga koos kandideerimist

  8. Litteraturarbete i ett svenska som andraspråksklassrum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Economou

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis article considers the role of reading fiction in Swedish as a second language instruction. The study examines how a group of advanced second language learners in a Swedish upper secondary school read, interpret and discuss a contemporary Swedish novel, how they interact with the text and with each other in relation to the text. Furthermore, it analyses which forms of reading the students use. It is a qualitative, empirical study based on field studies, transcriptions of tape recorded interaction and of written texts. The results indicate that second language learners in this context have a positive attitude towards reading and discussing what they read using several forms of reading. They often compare the content of the text to their own lives. One conclusion is that literature teaching and literature can be integrated into one Swedish subject in order to create even more meaningful interactions between students from different backgrounds. Another is that literature can be a means of language development as well as personal development.Keywords: Second language learners, literature pedagogy and didactics, forms of reading, democracy. SammandragDenna artikel handlar om skönlitteraturens roll i skolämnet svenska som andraspråk. Studien undersöker hur en grupp avancerade andraspråksinlärare i en svensk gymnasieskola läser, tolkar och diskuterar en modern svensk roman och hur de interagerar med texten och med varandra i relation till texten. Dessutom analyseras vilka läsarter som eleverna använde sig av. Den är en kvalitativ, empirisk studie som baseras på fältstudier, transkriptioner av inspelade boksamtal och elevtexter. Resultaten visar att andraspråkseleverna hade en positiv attityd till boksamtal och de använde sig av flera läsarter. De jämförde ofta texten till sina egna liv och erfarenheter.  En slutsats är att litteraturundervisning och litteraturarbete skulle kunna integreras i ett gemensamt ämne så att

  9. Escherichia coli type III secretion system 2 (ETT2) is widely distributed in avian pathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from Eastern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, S; Liu, X; Xu, X; Zhao, Y; Yang, D; Han, X; Tian, M; Ding, C; Peng, D; Yu, S

    2016-10-01

    Pathogens utilize type III secretion systems to deliver effector proteins, which facilitate bacterial infections. The Escherichia coli type III secretion system 2 (ETT2) which plays a crucial role in bacterial virulence, is present in the majority of E. coli strains, although ETT2 has undergone widespread mutational attrition. We investigated the distribution and characteristics of ETT2 in avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) isolates and identified five different ETT2 isoforms, including intact ETT2, in 57·6% (141/245) of the isolates. The ETT2 locus was present in the predominant APEC serotypes O78, O2 and O1. All of the ETT2 loci in the serotype O78 isolates were degenerate, whereas an intact ETT2 locus was mostly present in O1 and O2 serotype strains, which belong to phylogenetic groups B2 and D, respectively. Interestingly, a putative second type III secretion-associated locus (eip locus) was present only in the isolates with an intact ETT2. Moreover, ETT2 was more widely distributed in APEC isolates and exhibited more isoforms compared to ETT2 in human extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli, suggesting that APEC might be a potential risk to human health. However, there was no distinct correlation between ETT2 and other virulence factors in APEC.

  10. Kohtu ette jõudis Amigo peksuvideo hävitamine / Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kagge, Rasmus, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Ööklubi Amigo peksmisskandaali uurinud prokurör Saskia Kask saatis kohtu ette lokaali vahetuse vanema ja turvatehnika hooldaja, keda süüdistatakse jõhkra videosalvestise kui kaaluka süütõendi hävitamises. Lisa: Skandaali kronoloogia

  11. Säker lyftteknik inom akutvården : Ett produktutvecklingsarbete

    OpenAIRE

    Kullberg, Björn

    2015-01-01

    Det här examensarbetet är ett utvecklingsarbete beställt av APSLC. Examensarbetets slutprodukt är en Power Point-fil som presenterar teori om säkra lyfttekni-ker samt visar modellutföranden för grunderna i säkra lyfttekniker. Avsikten för själva examensarbetet är att producera ett självstudiematerial av så hög kvalitét att det kan användas av akutvårdslinjen vid Arcada. Målet med slutprodukten är att öka akutvårdsstuderandes kunskaper om säkra lyfttekniker, så att studerande genom propriocept...

  12. (etts) in iko esai forest reserve, akpamkpa, cross river state, nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Ekwueme

    encountered. The density of all ETTs in Iko Esai Community Forest Reserve was 15.7 trees per hectare. Their average diameter at breast height (dbh) ranged between 76.2cm and 84.0cm, basal area (m2/ha) ranged from 0.8 to 20.0, relative dominance ranged between 2.0% and 48.0%, and relative density ranged from 1.8 ...

  13. Från yrkesvalslärare till karriärvägledare : Studie- och yrkesvägledaryrket i ett professionaliseringsperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Holmsten, Nina; Lehninger, Jeannette

    2009-01-01

    I Sverige finns det idag ett stort antal yrken och en del av dessa är i en professionaliseringsprocess. Studie- och yrkesvägledaryrket är ett exempel på ett yrke i denna process. Syftet är att beskriva utvalda aktörers syn på studie- och yrkesvägledaryrkets avgränsningar, kompetens samt eventuella auktorisation i ett professionaliseringsperspektiv. En kvalitativ metod har använts och fem elitintervjuer har genomförts med representanter från Lärarförbundet, Lärarnas Riksförbund, Sveriges vägle...

  14. Personalinvolverat förändringsarbete i industriföretag : Ett verksamhetsledande perspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Axelsson, Tobias

    2012-01-01

    Titel: Personalinvolverat förändringsarbete i industriföretag: Ett verksamhetsledande perspektiv   Författare: Axelsson Tobias Examinator: Lindhult Erik Handledare: Sjödin Carina Ämne/Kurs: Innovationsteknik, KIN190 Nyckelord: innovation, Ledarskap, Personal, Personalinvolvering, organisation, Industri  Inledning och problembakgrund: Skandinaviska företag har länge haft en tradition av att engagera och involvera personal och det är essentiellt att ha en engagerad personal för att hantera och ...

  15. Marketing Automation – en studie om ett modernt marknadsföringsverktyg i en svensk kontext

    OpenAIRE

    Hendén, Stefan; Dahlgren, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    I takt med att digitala medier har utvecklats under de senaste åren har köpresan för-ändrats till att kunder idag i ett mycket senare skede släpper in leverantörer i dialogen. Marketing Automation adresserar den problembilden och har växt fram som en brygga mellan sälj- och marknadsprocessen. Systemet ger möjlighet att effektivt och automatiserat utveckla leads (potentiell kund). Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur Marketing Automation påverkar sälj- och marknadsprocesserna. Vilka fö...

  16. ETT Seminar

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Monday 4 March, at 10h00 - SL Auditorium, Prévessin, bldg. 864 Radioisotopes in Medicine: Requirements, Production and Application by Gerd-J.BEYER / University Hospital of Geneva, Department of Radiology (see details at page 7 of the Weekly Bulletin nr 10/2002).  

  17. Vad är Anime? : Svensk syn på ett japanskt fenomen

    OpenAIRE

    Hansson, Pelle

    2006-01-01

    Syftet med min uppsats är att försöka förmedla hur man ser på anime, ett så typiskt japanskt fenomen, här i väst? Vidare så har jag genom litteraturstudier försökt presentera för läsaren vad anime är för något. Detta görs genom en kort historisk presentation av anime för att sedan djupare visa strukturen i anime, karaktärer, innehåll och slutligen huruvida anime återspeglar nutida oro i det egna samhället. Även en viss diskussion förs gällande anime och dess legitimitet som japanskt kulturarv...

  18. First green kit : ett inredningsprojekt för det offentliga uterummet

    OpenAIRE

    Danielsson, Ida

    2008-01-01

    Projektet omfattas av ett parkprojekt med analyser och gestaltning av grönstrukturer i Nynäshamns stad. Inriktningen är utformning av allmänna utrymmen i det offentliga uterummet med fokus att öka tillgängligheten och tillgången av grönytor och parker. Projektet syftar i att skapa värdefulla platser för ökad trygghet och trivsel. Målsättningen är också att visualisera en vision om rum för upplevelser och aktiviteter. Rum i vilka allmänheten frivilligt vistas om den fysiska miljön är god. Stad...

  19. Employer Branding : Ett gränsöverskridande varumärkesarbete

    OpenAIRE

    Axelsson, Åsa; Granstig, Anna

    2004-01-01

    Bakgrund: Denna uppsats handlar om hur företag ska kunna attrahera framtida kompetens med en ny varumärkesstrategi. ”Employer Branding” är namnet på denna strategi och beskrivs av konsulter som ett medel för företag att via en genomtänkt varumärkesstrategi profilera företaget på kompetensmarknaden. Grunderna i en Employer Branding-strategi innefattar följande aspekter: att kunna attrahera och behålla den bästa kompetensen samt att ena företaget kring sin vision och kultur. Vi har i denna upps...

  20. Is It Time to Review Guidelines for ETT Positioning in the NICU? SCEPTIC—Survey of Challenges Encountered in Placement of Endotracheal Tubes in Canadian NICUs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pankaj Sakhuja

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. To examine current opinions and practices regarding endotracheal tube placement across several Canadian Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Design. Clinical directors from Canadian Neonatal Network affiliated NICUs and Neonatal-Perinatal Programs across Canada were invited via email to participate in and disseminate the online survey to staff neonatologists, neonatal fellows, respiratory therapists, and nurse practitioners. Result. There is wide variability in the beliefs and practices related to ETT placement. The majority use “weight +6” formula and “aim to black line” on ETT at vocal cords to estimate the depth of an oral ETT and reported estimation as challenging in ELBW infants. The majority agreed that mid-trachea is an ideal ETT tip position; however their preferred position on chest X-ray varied. Many believe that ETT positioning could be improved with more precise ETT markings. Conclusion. Further research should focus on developing more effective guidelines for ETT tip placement in the ELBW infants.

  1. Armbandsbaserad pulsoximetri : Ett egenkonstruerat system med reflekterande teknik och jämförelse mot traditionell mätteknik vid normal och nedsatt hudtemperatur

    OpenAIRE

    Edström, Linnéa

    2016-01-01

    I rapporten presenteras en lågkostnads, portabel och bärbar design av ett nytt system med reflekterande teknik för pulsoximetri. Arbetet har utförts som ett projekt, inkluderande elektronikkonstruktion, mjukvaruutveckling, design av inkapsling för prototypen samt fortlöpande tester av både hård- och mjukvara under arbetets gång. Resultatet av arbetet är ett egenkonstruerat system för pulsoximetri. Med hjälp av bluetooth-teknik kan systemet kommunicera trådlöst med en PC, laptop eller mobiltel...

  2. Småskaligt soldrivet ångkraftverk : Ett system för elproduktion i tredje världen

    OpenAIRE

    Larsson, Max; Söderberg, Cristofer; Örning, Camilla

    2008-01-01

    Företaget RANOTOR AB utvecklar tillsammans med institutionen för Maskinkonstruktion på Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan i Stockholm, en ny typ av ångexpander. Ångexpandern som är av axialkolvtyp är tänkt att ha ett antal fördelar över en turbin vid användning i småskaliga ångkraftsapplikationer. En tänkt sådan applikation är ett soldrivet ångkraftverk, varför realiserbarhetsstudier och enkla systemdimensioneringar av ett sådant koncept genomförts som ett kandidatarbete på institutionen för Maskink...

  3. Jämnt Lärande : Ett illustrerat hjälpmedel till normkritisk granskning av läromedel

    OpenAIRE

    Denninger, Johan

    2017-01-01

    I detta examensarbete undersöks normbildande och reproducering av normer i samband med bilder i läromedel som används av modersmålslärare i Eskilstuna Kommun. Arbetet bygger på problematiken att stereotyper och reproducering av normer är vanligt förkommande i läromedlen samt att lärarnas brist på tid och möjlighet att granska läromedlen normkritiskt. Syftet med arbetet är att formge ett gestaltningsförslag till ett illustrerat hjälpmedel för normkritisk granskning av läromed...

  4. Modeomslag - en empirisk studie om hur ett modeomslag skapas från idé till publicering

    OpenAIRE

    Norrgård, Annika

    2013-01-01

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att undersöka hur man producerar ett modeomslag, processen från att en idé föds till ett slutresultat som publiceras i en modetidning. Respondenten vill även undersöka på vilket sätt modeomslagen har utvecklats genom årtionden och vilka skillnader som syns på omslaget. Med undersökningen vill respondenten fördjupa sin kunskap inom området och sätta fokus på omslagsbilden. Arbetet skall ge personer inom branschen, samt andra med intresse för modebilder och mod...

  5. Design av infotainment-system styrt av ögonrörelser i bilar : En explorativ studie för att ta fram ett förslag på hur man kan designa ett infotainment-system som har ögonrörelser som huvudsakliga interaktionsmetod med fokus på den funktionella designen.

    OpenAIRE

    Anzén, Philip

    2014-01-01

    Denna studie har som syfte att ta fram ett designförslag på ett ögonrörelsestyrt infotainment-system samt utvärdera detta. Fokusen ligger på den funktionella design och dess för- och nackdelar. Studien tar upp tre olika designförslag varav ett valdes att göra en prototyp av. Prototypen skapades med hjälp av HTML5, Javascript och Python. Detta kopplades sedan samman med ett ögonrörelsesystem tillhörande Smart Eye AB. Prototypen användartestades och utvärderades med hjälp av en bilsimulator. Ut...

  6. Överensstämmelsen mellan ett företags önskade employer brand och den faktiska uppfattningen bland de anställda.

    OpenAIRE

    Leander, Kajsa; Johannesson, Maria

    2013-01-01

    Employer branding (som kan ses som ett företags arbetsgivarvarumärke) är ett begrepp som det under det senaste decenniet riktats mycket uppmärksamhet mot och i denna uppsats undersöks hur ett företags önskade interna employer brand överensstämmer med uppfattningen de anställda har om företaget i fråga. För att undersöka den interna uppfattningen har en kvantitativ undersökning genomförts i form av enkäter som sedan kompletterats med en kvalitativ undersökning bestående av intervjuer för att p...

  7. Rehabilitering efter dekompression och diskoperation - framställandet av en fysioterapeutisk patientanvisning : Ett beställningsarbete av Tölö sjukhus

    OpenAIRE

    Nyberg, Jasmina

    2016-01-01

    Examensarbetet är ett praktiskt inriktat examensarbete med fokus på rehabiliteringen efter en dekompressions- och diskoperation. Det är ett beställningsarbete av Tölö sjukhus med syftet att framställa en fysioterapeutisk patientanvisning. Önskemål från uppdragsgivare var att utforma en tydlig patientanvisning för ryggopererade bestående av skriftliga instruktioner angående postoperativ rehabilitering i form av vardagliga aktiviteter, fysisk aktivitet, ryggens viloställningar, vi...

  8. La anatomía de la casa. Humanización y ciclo vital de la vivienda ette (Chimila

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Camilo Niño Vargas

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available La nueva antropología de la arquitectura propone examinar conjuntamente los aspectos técnicos, sociales y simbólicos de las edificaciones. Paralelamente, ha surgido la idea de observar las casas como entidades relativamente autónomas, con una vida paralela a la de sus creadores. Con el ánimo de ilustrar la solidaridad de estas dos aproximaciones, el artículo se centra en las prácticas arquitectónicas de los ette, un pueblo indígena del norte de Colombia. Mediante un estudio etnográfico, se muestra cómo las casas no solo son objeto de una interpretación antropomórfica, sino, además, se consideran detentoras de cuerpos sometidos a procesos de crecimiento y decadencia, similares a los que atraviesan los seres humanos. Los ette funden la dimensión material e inmaterial de las viviendas y, al mismo tiempo coordinan de manera novedosa nociones como edificación y persona, arquitectura y anatomía, vida útil y ciclo vital.

  9. "Att leva ett meningsfullt liv med skuggan" : en kvantitativ, longitudinell och jämförande undersökelse av självbemästringsprogrammet "Att leva ett friskare liv"

    OpenAIRE

    Engell, Lena Cristina

    2005-01-01

    Fler och fler får kroniska sjukdomar, också yngre människor. Om man tar i betraktning den belastning som kronisk sjukdom kan ge, ser man att det är behov för en välfungerande utbildning för denna växande grupp av människor. Det amerikanska självhjälpsprogrammet Att leva ett friskare liv placerar personer med olika kroniska tillstånd och kombinationer av tilläggsjukdomar i samma program. Programmet söker att ge kursdeltagarna bistånd till att bli självhjälpta i sin strävan att bemästra sitt ...

  10. Ett arbete om förändringen sedan införandet av IAS36 och IAS38

    OpenAIRE

    Widing, Robert; Söderberg, Kristian

    2007-01-01

    Sedan införandet av IFRS har en rad nya regler tillkommit. Den här uppsatsen beskriver förändringarna kring införandet av IAS 36 och 38. Den empiriska undersökningen avser intervjuer med två revisionsbyråer samt ett företag. Vår slutsats har visat att sedan införandet av IFRS 3 så har det inte behövts göras några nedskrivningar. Till grund för detta ligger den rådande högkonjunkturen. När konjunkturen vänder kan vi vänta oss att företagen kommer att behöva skriva ner sina tillgångar. Dock har...

  11. Bilderboken ur ett genusperspektiv : En bilderboksanalys av tre svenska böcker som utmanar stereotypa könsroller

    OpenAIRE

    Malmqvist, Hanna

    2015-01-01

    Syftet med denna studie är att se hur några bilderböcker utmanar de stereotypa könsrollerna. Jag kommer att granska hur pojkar och flickor framställs ur ett genusperspektiv och även titta på hur text och bild kompletterar varandra, med hjälp av Nikolajevas (2000) analysmodell för bilderböcker. Jag har valt att analysera tre stycken böcker och två av dessa har pojkar som huvudkaraktärer och en har en flicka som huvudkaraktär. Med den medvetenhet man har idag kring genus så kan dessa böcker var...

  12. Konsten att uppträda : En studie i Marina Abramović och Ulays performance ur ett performativt och psykoanalytiskt perspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Zara, Hjelm

    2017-01-01

    Denna studie avser att utforska identitetsskapandet inom den komplexa konstformen performance. Genom att fokusera på Marina Abramovićs och Frank Uwe Laysipens (Ulay) liv och kollaborativa performance ur ett performativt och psykoanalytiskt perspektiv angrips handlingarnas tyngdpunkt i skapandet av jaget under diverse omständigheter och sammanhang. This study aims to investigates the creation of identity within the complex artform performance. By observing the life’s and collaborative perf...

  13. Mot ett okänt mål: Humanistisk forskarhandledning och doktoranders deltagande i forskningsdebatten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Hägerland

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Enligt Högskoleförordningen skall den som avlägger doktorsexamen kunna uppvisa en färdighet att i både tal och skrift delta i nationell och internationell forskningsdebatt. I denna artikel uppmärksammas några av de särskilda utmaningar som denna inriktning ställer forskarhandledare i humaniora och teologi inför. Intervjuer med tre rutinerade handledare redovisas och analyseras. Det framkommer att styrdokumentens formuleringar i mycket liten grad påverkar den konkreta utformningen av forskarutbildning och handledarskap, samt att handledarnas principiella inställning till doktoranders insocialisering i olika forskningssammanhang uppvisar stor variation. Där hållningen är avvaktande eller avvisande kan den i hög grad härledas till en upplevd konflikt mellan olika aspekter av utbildningen och handledarskapet. Ett antal förekommande eller tänkbara strategier för att uppnå examensordningens mål diskuteras också i artikeln.

  14. Luhmanns masmedieteori och Internet som ett artificiellt intelligent semiotiskt system Luhmanns massmedieteori och Internet som ett artificiellt intelligent semiotiskt system [Luhmann’s mass-media theory and Internet as an artificial intelligent semiotic system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Kåhre

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Artikeln diskuterar hur en modern form av AI-programmering, som kallas Konnektionism i en design som kallas Distribuerad AI (DAI, påverkar den uppfattning Luhmann har om massmediernas roll för den andra ordningens observationer. DAI använder noder för att skapa aktivitet i systemen och inte de koder som styr processerna i den klassiska eller symboliska formen av AI. Luhmanns teori kan utvecklas genom att ersätta systemens koder med noder som förändras beroende på i vilken relation de står till andra noder. På så sätt kan kommunikationsbegreppet utvecklas så att det också omfattar systemens interaktioner med omvärlden. Det skapar en bättre förutsättning för att observationsmöjligheter direkt uppstår genom systemens relationer till omvärlden. Internet och AI-programmerade söksystem och robotar kan då fungera som ett artificiellt semiotiskt system som skapar möjligheter att göra observationer.The article discusses how a modern form of AI programming, known as Connectionism in a design known as Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI, affects the perception Luhmann has on mass media's role concerning second-order observations. DAI uses nodes to create activity in the systems and not the codes used by the Classic or Symbolic form of AI. Luhmann’s theory can be developed by replacing the systems codes with nodes that change depending on their relations to other nodes. In this way, we can reformulate the concept of communication, so that it includes the systems interactions with the environment. It creates better conditions so that observing opportunities may arise directly from these interactions. Internet and AI-programmed search systems and robots can then act as an artificial semiotic system that creates opportunities for making observations.

  15. Främja medarbetarnas engagemang : Ett ledarskapsverktyg för att öka engagemang och undvika utbrändhet

    OpenAIRE

    Järnström, Ida

    2016-01-01

    De senaste åren har engagemang varit ett mycket omtalat ämne, då forskning har visat att engagemang har en positiv inverkan på organisationens framgång. Dagens turbulenta värld tvingar dock organisationerna att kräva högre prestationer av sina medarbetare trots färre resurser, vilket kan resultera i oengagemang och utbrändhet. Detta bekräftas utgående från gallupundersökningar, vilka visar att en endast en liten del av medarbetarna verkligen är engagerade på sina arbetsplatser. Syftet med...

  16. Bara ett tips

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn Sørensen, Anders; Mølgaard, Ellen

    2016-01-01

    Kom ihåg att fråga en historiker innan du bygger ditt varumärke på dess förflutna. Det glömde Coca-Cola i Tyskland.......Kom ihåg att fråga en historiker innan du bygger ditt varumärke på dess förflutna. Det glömde Coca-Cola i Tyskland....

  17. Comparison of different modalities in diagnosis of coronary artery disease (ECG, ETT, Angiography, Rest and Stress Echo. and 99m Tc-MIBI)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zein, A.A.M.

    2002-01-01

    This study was conducted in order to compare the most important five investigation modalities commonly used to investigate coronary artery disease, these were ECG, Exercise Tolerance Test (ETT), Echocardiography, SPECT imaging using 99m Tc-Sestamibi, and Angiography. The three test modalities, ECG, Echo, and 99m Tc-MIBI were conducted in both rest and stress conditions. All patients were referred to the hospital (NORI) from cardiology departments of different hospitals for stress/rest 99mTc-MIBI cardiac perfusion study. The decision to proceed with coronary angiography was made by the cardiologist to confirm or exclude diagnosis of CAD, to determine the potential surgical candidates and to assess complications if any. 17 patients were included in the study, 16 males and one female. All of them underwent the five test modalities mentioned, 80% of them were smokers, 47% were hypertensives, 20% were diabetics. The sensitivity of ECG, ETT, and Echocardiography were found to be 60.0%, 73.3%, and 82.4% respectively. Both angiography and 99mTc-Sestamibi were found to be 100% sensitive for detection of CAD. Specificity for all modalities tested was found to be 1, which is unrealistically high due to the small number of normal patients (only two). The predictive value of positive test came to be 1 for all test modalities, where as the predictive value of negative test was calculated to be 0.25, 0.33, and 0.67 for the tests, ECG, ETT, and Echocardiography respectively, but in case of 99mTc-Sestamibi, and coronary angiography it was found to be 1 for both of them. The localization ability of the different test modalities for ischemic and/or infarcted areas was investigated taking coronary angiography as the gold standard. All the three modalities, ECG, Echo, and 99mTc-Sestamibi showed good results in detection of areas supplied by left anterior descending artery, and on the other hand poor results in detection of left circumflex hypoperfused tributaries. The differential

  18. Sistema de clases y principio de paridad: observaciones lingüísticas y etnográficas sobre el sistema de numeración ette (Chimila)

    OpenAIRE

    Camilo Niño Vargas, Juan

    2009-01-01

    Entre la lingüística y la etnografía, el presente artículo tiene por objetivo identificar y analizar los principios que regulan el sistema de numeración empleado por los ette, pueblo de habla chibcha del norte de Colombia también conocido como chimila. De un lado se describe la forma en que la operación de contar está acompañada de un proceso de categorización que implica el uso de clasificadores numerales. De otro, se examina el modo en que la numeración está reglada por un principio de pari...

  19. E-shop 'til you drop : En studie över e-handlares anpassning av den fysiska köpprocessen till ett virtuellt sammanhang

    OpenAIRE

    Alcazar, Alexander; Kastås, Sandra

    2011-01-01

    Denna magisteruppsats behandlar e-handlares anpassning av en fysisk köpprocess till en virtuell. Med detta syftar vi mer specifikt på e-handlare av modekläder som i högre grad är beroende av en fysisk köpprocess. Vår frågeställning var således: Hur gör e-handlare inom klädbranschen för att anpassa den fysiska köpprocessen till ett virtuellt sammanhang? För att undersöka detta använde vi oss av Overbys artikel "Process Virtualization Theory and the Impact of Information Technology" från 2008 d...

  20. Läget i berggrummet : En kvalitativ undersökning av inverkande faktorer i arbetsmiljön på en byggarbetsplats i ett bergrum

    OpenAIRE

    Miladi, Lubna

    2014-01-01

    Strävan efter att minska risker för arbetsskador och uppnå en god arbetsmiljö är betydelsefull idag inte minst på byggarbetsplatser.   Syftet med examensarbetet var att, utifrån kartläggning av arbetsmiljön på en byggarbetsplats, belysa några faktorer som har inverkan på arbetsmiljön. Magisteruppsatsen har begränsats till att undersöka arbetsmiljön på en byggarbetsplats i ett bergrum. Några organisatoriska faktorer som säkerhetskultur, attityder, kunskap samt fysiska faktorer som belysning, b...

  1. Value of CACS compared with ETT and myocardial perfusion imaging for predicting long-term cardiac outcome in asymptomatic and symptomatic patients at low risk for coronary disease: clinical implications in a multimodality imaging world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Su Min; Nabi, Faisal; Xu, Jiaqiong; Pratt, Craig M; Mahmarian, Angela C; Frias, Maria E; Mahmarian, John J

    2015-02-01

    This prospective, observational study in 988 asymptomatic or symptomatic low-risk patients without prior coronary artery disease was conducted to define the relative value of coronary artery calcium score (CACS), exercise treadmill testing (ETT), and stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) variables in predicting long-term risk stratification. CACS, ETT, and stress myocardial perfusion SPECT results predict patients' outcome. There are currently no data comparing their relative value in long-term risk stratification. Patients were stratified by Framingham risk score (FRS), with a median follow-up of 6.9 years. Cardiac events were defined as a composite of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and the need for coronary revascularization. Most patients (87%) were considered appropriate candidates for functional testing as defined by current appropriate use criteria. The long-term cardiac event rate was 11.2% (1.6% per year). Multivariate risk predictors in all patients and in the appropriate use cohort were abnormal SPECT (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.83 and 1.99), ETT ischemia (HR: 1.70 and 1.76), decreasing exercise capacity (HR: 1.11 and 1.17), decreasing Duke treadmill score (HR: 1.07 for both), and CACS severity (HR: 1.29 for both), respectively. Throughout the 10-year follow-up, CACS improved risk prediction, with event rates ranging from 0.6% per year (CACS ≤10) to 3.7% per year (CACS >400) (p risk prediction in all patients, in the appropriate use cohort and among those with low-risk ETT and SPECT results (all, p risk stratification beyond FRS, ETT, and SPECT results across the spectrum of clinical risk and importantly even among those who are currently considered appropriate candidates for functional testing or have low-risk functional test results. Our findings support CACS as a first-line test over ETT or SPECT for accurately assessing long-term risk in such patients. Copyright © 2015 American College of

  2. Gröna tankar i Oy J-Trading Ab : En utredning av nivån på miljöarbetet med tanke på ett miljöledningssystem

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Daniela

    2013-01-01

    Miljöfrågor har redan nu en stor betydelse i samhället och deras betydelse växer oavbrutet. Många företag och organisationer har förstått att miljöarbetet är en strategisk framgångsfaktor och tiotusentals företag har valt att införa certifierade miljöledningssystem. Trots att inledandet av miljöledningssystem inte är obligatoriskt finns det flera motiv till att inleda ett sådant, bl.a. kan kunderna kräva miljöhänsyn och det kan vara ekonomiskt lönsamt för ett företag. Dessutom är det också mö...

  3. Energy Balance and Performance Indices for Kraft Recovery Boilers; Standardmetod foer beraekning av energibalans oever sodapanna

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kjoerk, Anders

    2007-09-15

    It has been recognized that different rules exist in calculating energy flows to and from a Recovery boiler. In this report definitions are given with the intention that the branch should adopt a common position in reporting power production for the Swedish system with charge on emission of nitrogen oxides, for the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and for the electricity certificate system. Legislation and guidelines are described as also different standards for determination of boiler efficiency. The definition of the liquor heating value is discussed as also the different ways in which an energy balance could be set up. For the Emissions Trading Scheme a literature survey of interpretations made in other countries has been made. The recommendation is to define the heat input as the product of the virgin liquor flow and the net calorific value of virgin liquor. A net calorific value as defined in SS-ISO 1928 is determined in an environment with excess of oxygen and is consequently named net calorific value in oxidizing condition. In a Recovery boiler part of that heat is required for reduction of sulfur and a net calorific value in reducing condition are therefore defined in a branch specific way. The flow of liquor could be calculated using a heat balance based on steam generation. The envelope for that heat balance could be selected as to fit each individual installation; however some general recommendations are given. In reporting energy flow for the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and to EPA it is recommended to use the net calorific value in oxidizing condition. This definition should also be good for reporting to Statistics Sweden, Swedish Forest Industries Federation and for internal use. For reporting to the electricity certificate system the part of the total power production with origin from biofuel should be stated. The heat of reduction is not available for power production and consequently the recommendation is to use the net calorific value in reducing condition. The useful energy production as defined in the system for charge on nitrogen oxides is more intricate to define. Today Recovery boilers are not included in the system but it has been proposed from EPA to widen the system and also include them. For this system a definition is suggested where energy required for sulfur reduction as well as energy in produced high pressure steam are included. Heat reclaimed in flue gas scrubber, vent gas condenser or similar type of equipment should also be included.

  4. Kritisk empiri. Ett historiografiskt perspektiv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claes Caldenby

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the possible value of a ”critical empiricism” as the forgotten ”other” of the well-established critical theory. Following Swedish sociologist Johan Asplund, critical empiricism is described as ”seeing what others have not seen”. The ”theoretical turn” in architectural research is questioned with the help of architectural historians Anders Åman and Mari Hvattum. The 1940s discussion of Swedish architecture as “new empiricism” introduces a strong relation between the Nordic welfare societies and their architecture as a characteristic also of Swedish architectural history. The article presents a recent historiographical project by a network of Swedish architectural historians from universities and schools of architecture. One of the networks’ papers is about Gregor Paulsson’s book Svensk stad [Swedish Town], an “environmental history” with a pronounced sociological perspective and an ambition to influence Swedish post-war planning. Another paper discusses architectural history as the study of building categories, a firmly established tradition in Swedish architectural history, in this case with a fundamentally “functional” perspective. A third paper is a critical study of the 1970s turn from architectural history as a history of monuments to a history of the built environment in its broadest sense. In conclusion, critical empiricism in architectural history is presented as a vigorous and necessary reminder of how society could be different in a time when humanities as well as planning are questioned by politicians.

  5. Hollywood kohtu ette / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2005-01-01

    Uruguay plaanib kohtusse kaevata mängufilmi "Sügavuses" ("Submerged") tegijad, kuna linalugu loob sellest Lõuna-Ameerika riigist väära ning mõnitava pildi. Režissöör Anthony Hickox, peaosas Steven Seagal : USA 2005

  6. Musikpedagogik i ett kulturhistoriskt perspektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uddholm, Mats

    2004-01-01

    and psychological ideas could contribute to music pedagogical discourse in Scandinavia. The overall conclusion was that Vygotsky’s theory could be a big opportunity considering problemizing music pedagogy. In the thesis postulates that music can describes as a sort of language that characterizes by its “synthesis......This article is a follow-up of a thesis from September 2003, where the subject was how music education could be understood from a “culture historical” point of view. The purpose of the this research was to find out if, and in that case in what way, Lev Semonëvic Vygotsky’s pedagogical...... of rhythm and meaning”. To understand the cultural meaning in music, the man has to transforms “musical ability” to “higher psychological processes”, through internalization of “music” A primary bond does not connect thought and music. A connection originates, changes, and grows in the course...

  7. Miljöcertifieringen 14001 – ett nödvändigt ont. : En kvalitativ studie om svenska små- och medelstora företags upplevelser av ISO 14001 efter 2015 år uppdatering.

    OpenAIRE

    Axelsson, Anton; Melkersson, Victor

    2017-01-01

    Bakgrund: Det är problematiskt att implementera hållbara styrmedel i små- och medelstora företag (SMF) enligt tidigare forskning. Miljöledningssystem är ett populärt hållbart styrmedel där många svenska SMF har certifierat sig mot miljöledningsstandarden ISO 14001. I och med uppdateringen ISO 14001:2015 tillkom nya krav där organisationer har tre år på sig att uppdatera standarden. Det är därmed relevant att studera svenska SMF som nyligen uppdaterat sin miljöcertifiering samt att få ta del a...

  8. Face to Face : Marknadsföring på Facebook - en studie av åsikter från ett inifrån- och utifrånperspektiv.

    OpenAIRE

    Christensson, Annika; Hedborn, Jenny; Källberg, Hanna

    2008-01-01

    Sociala nätverk, eller så kallade communityn är ett fenomen som fått större betydelse idag och snabbt spridit sig runt om i världen. Communityn Facebook har blivit känd för att den samlar många användare och har en god målgruppskännedom, vilket gör Facebook till en attraktiv marknadsföringsplats som har uppmärksammats av en rad olika företag och organisationer. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka vilka möjligheter och begränsningar Facebook har som marknadsföringskanal, samt undersöka s...

  9. Att skaffa barn i samkönade relationer : -       En studie av ett diskussionsforum för homo- och bisexuella föräldrar/ blivande homo- och bisexuella föräldrar

    OpenAIRE

    Tecle, Mary

    2010-01-01

    I denna c- uppsats har en undersökning gjorts om interaktionen och samspelet mellan medlemmarna på ett forum som är ett av de främsta diskussionsforumen för homo- och bisexuella föräldrar/blivande homo- och bisexuella föräldrar. Syftet med undersökningen var att är få ökad insikt om den sociala interaktionen på forumet med hjälp av dessa tre frågeställningar: Hur ser interaktionen/samspelet ut mellan medlemmarna på forumet? Går det att utläsa särskilda teman utifrån inläggen? På vilket sätt k...

  10. Mõtles ta kindlasti ette / Vaino Vahing

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahing, Vaino, 1940-2008

    2005-01-01

    Arvustus: Runnel, Hando. Isamaavajadus. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1991 ; Runnel, Hando. Kiikajon ja kaalepuu. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1991 ; Runnel, Hando. Oli kevad, oli suvi. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1992. Varem ilmunud: Keel ja Kirjandus, 1992, nr. 11, lk. 692-699

  11. Ugala toob publiku ette kaks suvelavastust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    5. juunil esietendub Viljandi Kaevumäel Taago Tubina lavastatud Walter Brandon-Thomase motiividel kirjutatud Mati Undi näidend "Charley tädi" ja 19. juunil Ugala tiigi kaldal Kalju Komissarovi lavastatud Bertolt Brechti "Härra Punttila ja tema sulane Matti"

  12. Eesti kinnisvaraomanikud teevad rikastele eurooplastele silmad ette / Kaire Talviste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talviste, Kaire, 1979-

    2006-01-01

    Kui Eestis on statistikaameti andmeil kinnisvara 88% elanikkonnast, siis Saksamaal vaid 43 protsendil. Saksamaa pensioniks ettevalmistumise instituudi esindaja innustab Saksa noori mõtlema sellele, et riiklikust pensionist ei piisa, selle lahenduseks peab tal olema kinnisvaraomandit. Tabel: Kinnisvaraomanikud protsentides

  13. Nargen Opera toob vaataja ette uue eesti kammerooperi / Priit Pruul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pruul, Priit

    2006-01-01

    20. apr. esietendub Von Krahli Teatris Peeter Jalaka lavastuses Tõnu Kõrvitsa kammerooper "Mu luiged, mu mõtted", mille aluseks on luuletaja Marie Heibergi saatus. Libreto autor on Maarja Kangro. Kammerooper tuleb lavale Von Krahli Teatri ja Nargen Opera koostöös. Esitavad Kädy Plaas, Helen Lokuta, Nargen Opera koor ja Tallinna Kammerorkester, dirigent Tõnu Kaljuste

  14. Solvunud Kuuba saadik heidab Rootsi ministrile ette imperialismi / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2007-01-01

    Rootsi välisministri Carl Bildti kriitika ÜRO inimõiguste komisjonis Kuuba olukorra kohta kutsus esile Kuuba ÜRO-suursaadiku Juan Antonio Fernandez Palaciose terava reageeringu. Rootsi välisministeerium nõuab selgitusi ja vabandust

  15. Medborgarskapande för ett nytt millennium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus Dahlstedt

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Citizenship in the making for a new millenium – education and citizen formation in 21st century Sweden. The aim of this article is to analyse citizenship formation in Swedish education. In highlighting trends regarding the assignment of the educational system to provide for democratic citizenship there are certain depictions of citizenship prevailing. The first stresses an inward-looking and inward-feeling citizenship, characterizing the citizen as deliberative and emotional. The second stresses an inward-looking and outward-making citizenship, characterizing the citizen as entrepreneurial and willing. Here, democracy is portrayed as already achieved. This, we argue, is hazardous as society risk being pictured as apolitical and democratically ‘saturated’. This situation does not open up for democratic change to come into question as desirable or even possible. Put differently, it leaves us with the notion that things have to be as they are, as we are living in the best of worlds.

  16. Mobiilside kasumlikkus annab silmad ette / Silva Männik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männik, Silva, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Mobiilside operaatorfirmade 2003. aasta majandustulemuste põhjal on mobiilsideäri Eestis hetkel kõige kasumlikum. Diagrammid: Vähim võtab kliendilt raha Tele2; Telekomifirmadel erakordselt hea rentaablus

  17. "Sõrmuste isandale" müüdi ette tuhandeid pileteid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Peter Jacksoni teine film "Sõrmuste isand : Kaks kantsi" ("The Lord of the Rings : The Two Towers") ja selle publiku-menust võrreldes ka teise Harry Potteri filmiga. Sama sõnum ka Linnaleht : Tartu, Pärnu

  18. "Paabel" kuulutab meile ette hävingut / Marianne Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Marianne, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Paabel" ("Babel") : stsenarist Guillermo Arriaga : režissöör Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu : operaator Rodrigo Prieto : peaosades Cate Blanchett, Brad Pitt, Gael Garcia Bernal, Koji Yokusho : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Mehhiko, 2006

  19. Appi! Mida ette võtta? / Siret Seeder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seeder, Siret

    2009-01-01

    Harmooniaõpetus feng shui on Hiina filosoofia haru, mille kohaselt on võimalik inimest ümbritsevate ja temas toimivale energiate harmoniseerimise abil luua selline elutee nagu soovime. Ühe abivahendina kasutatakse ruumi. Spetsialist Siret Seeder tutvustab intuitiivse e vormikoolkonna bagua 8 tsooni teooriat

  20. Euroopa Liit valmistab ette uutmoodi Venemaa-poliitikat / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    EL-i järgmine eesistujariik Saksamaa pakub täielikku paradigma muutust EL-i ja Venemaa suhetes, autori sõnul asenduks senine rõhk "ühistel väärtustel" huvide kaine kalkulatsiooniga. Autor esitab oma seisukoha, kuidas peaks toimima Eesti: probleemid Venemaaga on vaja viia miinimumini ning EL-is tuleb toetada ühiseid valikuid vetoõiguse ja erahuvide vastu

  1. Om didaktikens möjligheter – ett pragmatiskt perspektiv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Öhman

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The possibilities of didactics – a pragmatist perspective. In this inaugural speech I develop my view on the concept of didactics, didactic research and the importance of didactics in the current educational policy context. I claim that the subject of Education can play an important role in the development of didactics due to its long history of didactic concerns and its comprehensive theories about teaching and learning. I particularly emphasize the opportunities that I believe lie in a didactic perspective grounded in Dewey’s pragmatic philosophy. In my opinion Dewey’s work is still highly relevant and can offer a basis for political arguments, pedagogic guidance, methodological alternatives and a way to resolve essential philosophical problems. Furthermore, I highlight environmental and sustainability issues as a new political moral dimension of education which puts education in a genuine and long-term perspective for the future. I argue that this dimension, along with Dewey’s approach to education, is an important corrective to the educational policy tendencies that want to reduce education to a short-term issue of knowledge transfer, individual success and competitiveness of the business sector.

  2. Konfliktlösning inom elektronisk handel ur ett konsumentperspektiv.

    OpenAIRE

    Delis, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    Ny teknik ger konsumenter nya förutsättningar att handla på nätet, så kallad e-handel. Genom e-handel ges konsumenter större valmöjligheter och företag utsätts även för större krav att konkurrera med varandra, eftersom konsumenten har större tillgång till information för att fatta beslut kring köp av olika produkter. E-handeln har ökat i omfattning under de senaste åren, där det varje dag blir fler konsumenter som använder Internet för att handla olika produkter och tjänster. Genom att omfatt...

  3. Raamat, milleta ma oma eriala ette ei kujuta / Tõnu Kollo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kollo, Tõnu, 1948-

    2014-01-01

    Raamatututvustus: Perelman, Jakov. Elav matemaatika : lugusid matemaatikast ja nuputamisülesandeid. Tallinn, 1989. Anderson, Theodore W. An Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis. Wiley, 2003

  4. Sõda vangidega : iraaklaste piinajad astusid kohtu ette / ref. Virgo Kruve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    USA sõjatribunal mõistis Abu Ghraibi vanglas Iraagi vange ahistanud sõjaväelase Jeremy Sivitsi aastaks vangi. Teistest kohtualustest. Väljavõtteid USA Senatile tutvustatud salaraportist, mis keskendus Abu Ghraibi vanglale ja sõjaväepolitsei tegevusele

  5. multilingualism and the ethnic identity of the ette people

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chy

    Bilingualism/multilingualism will be discussed in section four; while section five forms the data analysis, section six concludes the paper. Historical background and geographical location. In the past, our ancestors moved from one place to the other in search of greener pastures as well as favourable place of settlement.

  6. Naturkunskapens sexualitets- och relationsundervisning analyserad ur ett heteronormativitetsperspektiv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ylwa Li Hast

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Title: Teaching about sexuality and relation within science education analysed from the perspective of heteronormativityIn Sweden, a new subject syllabus for Science Studies (Naturkunskap in upper secondary school was introduced in 2011. In this syllabus knowledge about norms concerning sexualities and relations was brought to the fore as a core content. The aim of this paper is to explore how norms concerning sexuality guide the teaching, through a case study where three upper secondary school teachers were observed and their teaching was analysed from the perspective of companion meanings. All three observed teachers did teach about homosexuality, bisexuality, and transgender identities, often using genetics or evolution as their explanatory model. The teaching most often assumed that all students in the class were heterosexual, positioning LGBT-people as the Other, and did at no times take power perspectives into account.

  7. Leedulaste kultuuripealinn annab Tallinnale silmad ette / Dannar Leitmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmaa, Dannar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    2009. aasta Euroopa kultuuripealinna Vilniuse programmi koostamine läks maksma umbes 1,3 mld. krooni ning riik maksis eelarvest 60%. 2011. aasta kultuuripealinna Tallinna projekti kavandatud eelarve on üle 1,8 mld. krooni ning riigilt loodetakse saada kolmandik summast

  8. Samspelet vetenskap och praktik - ett utmanande forskningsfält

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Tydén

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The interest for research dissemination, research utilization and the interplayof science and society has increased significantly in the passed years. Therehave been many attempts to develop the contact of universities with the rest ofsociety. However we have to acknowledge that we are rather ignorant as far asthese efforts are concerned. Are we doing the right things? Is there a mutualexchange of experiences and problems? What effects are achieved, in the longand the short run? Are they worth while? What does the learning process looklike to different professionals and what do the incentives for knowledge see-king look like to them? Today there is a lack of solid theories of knowledgetransfer between research and practice and there is a need to develop goodforms and methods. In this article I discuss a variety of challenging researchquestions concerning all the activities, and sometime the lack of activities, thatin one way or another focus on an increased interplay between universitiesand society. In order to enlighten these questions a research programme – TheInterplay of Science and Practice – has been initiated by Novemus at ÖrebroUniversity in collaboration with Dalarna Research Institute.

  9. Partei illegaalne nuumamine viis Chiraci kohtuniku ette / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2007-01-01

    Prantsusmaa endine president Jacques Chirac kuulati üle seoses mitmele tema asutatud partei RPD töötajale ametikoha jagamisega munitsipaalametis ajal, kui Chirac oli veel Pariisi linnapea. Lisa: Villepin mustamise eest kohtu all

  10. Putin võttis esimesena ette nafta / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa peaminister Vladimir Putin külastas Primorski ja Ust-Luuga sadamaid, kus avas uue naftasaaduste terminali ning teatas Balti torujuhtmesüsteemi laiendamisest. Vt. samas: Soodne otsus Putini sõbrale

  11. Att bygga en brandbook : ett projekt i att ena ett företag och dess verksamheter

    OpenAIRE

    Norberg, Jenny; Sahlberg, Anna

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to develop a visual identity and a brand book for the company Yakobs Ram & Reklam (Yakobs Frame and Advertising). To answer the question of how a brand book should be designed for a company that manage several businesses within one brand a qualitative approach including a case study has been conducted.This qualitative method included research on brand building, logotypes, colour, design and typography and interviews with the company Yakobs Ram & Reklam an...

  12. "Alla barn har ett språk" : Ett examensarbete om svenska som andraspråk i skolan

    OpenAIRE

    Rönning, Monika

    2013-01-01

    This paper is about multilingualism in school and how teachers work with pupils who haveanother native language then Swedish. The aim of the study is to find out how teachers workwith Swedish as second language and what they found functional in their classroom. Theresearch questions are about how teachers defines Swedish as second language, how teacherswork and which work procedures that they think give a positive effect on the pupil’sknowledge. From the interviews with teachers from two diff...

  13. Survey of creep damage in a T-joint from a retired steam pipe system; Kartlaeggning av krypskador i ett T-stycke fraan ett utrangerat aangnaet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Storesund, Jan

    2009-06-15

    Unexpected failures and cracking have recently occurred in steam piping by creep although the service temperatures have been significantly below the limit temperature for creep rupture. Characterisation of such damage, mapping of the presence in Swedish plants and better knowledge of the presumptions for the phenomenon have been received in previous Vaermeforsk projects. A steam pipe system that never had been inspected or tested with respect to creep was replica tested at a number of test positions. The steam data was 450 deg C and 65 bars and the age was 35 years of almost continuous operation. Extensive creep damage was found in one T-joint. This component was the object of interest in the present project. Metallographic investigations were carried out by cutting the T-joint into sections for through thickness examinations of possible creep damage as well as characterisation of the microstructure. Ten sections were selected at different positions of four welds that the T-joint covered. In addition to the characterisation by means of creep damage and possible microstructure degradation or other anomalies the purpose of the investigation was to find out if the replica testing was a conservative method or not. Other expectations on the project were to gain additional knowledge of the creep phenomena's below the limit temperature and a verification of the computation models for crack propagation that were used in the previous Vaermeforsk projects in the area. Nine chemical analyses were performed on all different parent and weld metals of the T-joints. Most analyses resulted in a composition close to the nominal one, that is 13CrMo4-4 steel, the most frequently used heat resistant steel in steam piping for steam temperatures around the limit temperature in Sweden. The parent metal in which the creep cracks were found, however, had a composition that corresponds to 0,5Cr0,6Mo0,3V steel, a low alloy steel that is liable to cracking. Furthermore the branch part of the T-joint and the weld metal connecting this part to the pipe part of the T-joint were fabricated of 10CrMo9-10, a heat resistant steel frequently used in the creep range. The conclusions from the investigation are: The cracks were formed in the HAZ. The largest crack was 100 mm long and 3.25 mm deep. The wall thickness was 18 mm at the crack positions. All metallographic examinations were performed both with mechanical and electrolytic polishing. The weld cross sections showed that the cracks were surrounded by plenty of creep cavities, particularly at the crack tips. The creep cracks were situated at the weld between the T-joint and a valve, more exactly in the HAZ of the valve material. Chemical analysis showed that the valve was fabricated of a V-containing steel corresponding to 0,5Cr0,6Mo0,3V steel, whereas the nominal material in the pipeline was 13CrMo4-4 steel. Contributions to the crack formation were analysed. Significant system stresses may be estimated as less likely but can not be excluded. Computation of the geometry at the crack positions resulted in no stress concentrations. Therefore, there are reasons to believe that defects have initiated in service crack propagation. This is also indicated by comparisons to creep crack propagations computations in a foregoing Vaermeforsk project. The metallographical investigations indicated that a small part of the largest crack did not look like a creep crack. It could be a hydrogen crack. 0,5Cr0,6Mo0,3V steel is liable to reheat cracking that may appear at post weld heat treatment. Such cracks are formed by creep relaxations of residual stresses and have similar characteristics to service induced creep cracks. Reheat cracks have likely been the ruling initial defects that have made some creep propagation possible. If no significant system stresses work, a rather large initial crack is required to enable creep crack propagation in this case. No creep damage was observed in the other cross sections. This indicates that these creep cavitations found in the replica investigation was skin-deep. The microstructure had rather small and also normal heat affection that agrees with the present service temperature and service time. The creep damage distribution may differ from the observed one if significant system stresses occur. Earlier recommendations for testing, evaluation as well as actions associated with creep in main steam piping at service temperatures below the limit temperature can still be considered as valid

  14. To use the full potential of electric metering - a step towards a more energy effective Sweden; Att utnyttja elmaetarnas potential - ett steg mot ett energieffektivare Sverige

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fonter, Gina; Wiberg, Maria (Royal Inst. of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden))

    2010-04-15

    In line with national and international targets, the electricity market will be characterized by increased use of renewable energy, an increased share of electric plug-in vehicles, engaged consumers, who are conscious of their electricity use and produce their own electricity, and by smarter electricity distribution systems. This will put higher demands for stricter requirements on the available transmission capacity and on the security of supply. Elaborate metering systems is one condition for meeting the challenges facing the electricity market. Electricity metering is also relevant for a range of applications such as remote reading, management of customer relations, demand management and value added services. Utilizing meter data to provide feedback enables use of the electricity metering systems in order to obtain electricity conservation. As of July 2009 the Swedish electricity distributors are required to read and report the electricity use on a monthly basis for all customers with a safety fuse of up to 63 amps. Remote electricity reading is the main function in the current system, which means that the distribution system operator (DSO) is provided with metering data without the need for manual reading and that the customers are charged on a monthly basis for their actual electricity use (rather than an estimate). One reason for the introduction of monthly billing, based on actual electricity use, was to visualize the electricity use to the households. For the electricity use to become visual and controllable, it is important that customers receive feedback on their electricity use. The introduction of monthly billing implied an improvement of the feedback, but it can be further improved in order to allow greater savings. Improved feedback can be given by synthesizing high-resolution data to information presented in new ways, for example by means of in-home-displays, and web-based interfaces combined with counselling. Research shows that the electricity consumption can be reduced by up to 15 percent by using feedback. As a safeguard against future legislative demands over 50 percent of the household have been provided with meters that can handle hourly metering. However, hourly metering is not used to a great extent due to a lack of incentives for the distributors to make use of the hourly metering values. Furthermore not all meters have communication infrastructure that can manage daily collection of values. By changing the current demand of daily collection of values it is possible to employ hourly metering for 74 percent of the households. In addition, propositions of introducing a new metering standard speaks against further investments in the existing metering systems. The metering systems' ability to reflect the short term electricity balance for the consumers is a prerequisite for normal price mechanisms to maintain the security of supply. For that reason, there is a need of metering values with higher resolution in order to indirectly, i.e. by more dynamic tariffs, influence the customer to use less electricity during high load periods. By using hourly metering to the extent made possible with the existing metering systems, this type of service could be offered to a part of the Swedish households. Currently, only the electricity distributors have access to the metering values in the metering systems. This situation limits the business potential that arises from the development of metering services. The business potential is also limited by the fact that the possible savings from electricity conservation are small. Innovation and investments in metering services world be promoted by making metering data accessible to more stakeholders. The development would also be positively affected by higher electricity prices, institutional means of control that promote energy services, and an increasing awareness among consumers. A number of functions that will be important to address the changes facing the electricity market are often referred to in connection to smart grids; the charging of plug-in vehicles, virtual power plants, distributed generation and management of the electricity net. The development of electricity meters, and associated systems is an important prerequisite in the quest towards a smarter grid. These functions are not fully applicable with the existing electricity metering system. Enabling of these functions would probably require major investments in the network, more advanced meters and more advanced communications infrastructure

  15. Sociala mediers påverkan på värde ur ett konsumentperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Berg, Johanna; Singh, Rosanna

    2017-01-01

    Syfte - Syftet med uppsatsen är att öka förståelsen för hur sociala medier påverkar värde kring kläder för en konsument. Metod - För att få en djupare förståelse av syftet tillämpades en kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade intervjuer.   Resultat - Resultatet av studien är att konsumenter skapar värde genom upplevelser/erfarenheter och förväntningar, vilket påverkas av individuella och sociala kontexter. Värde baseras på de sociala banden mellan individer på sociala medier. För att bygga re...

  16. Prestanda och precision på en enkortsdator i ett system med realtidskrav

    OpenAIRE

    Wikman, Torbjörn; Hassel, Philip

    2014-01-01

    The report aims to investigate how well a certain type of affordable embedded single board computer can hold up against today's more expensive computers in a computer system by doing various tests on a system with the specified requirements. The system has a Raspberry Pi as the single board computer which task is to control a camera based on coordinates obtained from a server as well as capture and stream a video signal on a network. The researches were conducted to check how much network tra...

  17. Res Publica aukohus heidab juhtidele ette eetikavääratust / Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik ; Severnoje Poberezhje 22. november lk. 3;4. Res Publica aukohus arvab, et Res Publica juhid on rikkunud erakonna põhikirja, sisekorda ja eetikakoodeksit Kohtla-Järve juhtumi lahendamisel. Kohtla-Järvel sai linnapeaks riisumiskahtlusega uurimise all olev Valeri Korb tänu Keskerakonna ja Res Publica koalitsioonileppele. Kommenteerib Juhan Kivirähk

  18. Pre-study - Straw ash in a nutrient loop; Foerstudie - Halmaska i ett kretslopp

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ottosson, Peter; Bjurstroem, Henrik; Johansson, Christina; Svensson, Sven-Erik; Mattsson, Jan Erik

    2009-03-15

    A sustainable production of energy crops requires that the loss of mineral nutrients when removing biomass is compensated naturally or by an addition of plant nutrients. Recycling ash is a natural way to satisfy this need arising after combustion of energy crops. In this pre-study, the prerequisites for recycling straw ash have been investigated. The Danish experience with spreading ash to fields and information in literature on the composition of ash have been collected and presented. Analysis of straw samples taken from four different places in Scania yielded information on cadmium and nutrient concentration in straw and in ash. A balance between removal of nutrient and cadmium with wheat straw and restoring them by recycling straw ash has been computed. Straw ash is a potassium fertiliser with some phosphorus and some liming effect. It is technically difficult to spread the small quantities of ash in solid form, ca 250 kg per hectare and year in average, which a pure recycling would require. It is easier to spread larger quantities, e.g. ca 1 ton per hectare every fourth year, which corresponds to spreading once in a four year crop rotation, but then one provides too much potassium if one considers the actual needs of the coming crops at that occasion, which could lead to potassium being leached out on light soils. Alternatively, one could spread only bottom ash, but this would lead to half of the potassium content not being recycled to agricultural soil and lost with the fly ash that is disposed of. If one spreads about 500 kg bottom ash per hectare every other year, which could be a suitable strategy to avoid overloading soils with potassium, the dose brought to 1 ha may be computed as: 4 - 10 kg phosphorus, 50 - 100 kg potassium, 5 - 15 kg sulphur, 4 - 8 kg magnesium, 0.1 - 0.3 kg manganese and 20 - 40 kg CaO. These basis of these calculations is the results from the analyses performed in this study. The cadmium concentration was significantly higher in wheat straw from soils with higher cadmium content. To avoid that a farm with a low cadmium concentration in the straw receives ash with a high content, one could combust area-wise and recycle area-wise, or choose not to fetch straw from farms with high cadmium contents in soils, or spread only bottom ash. However, if fly ash is not utilised, a large part of the potassium is lost. The conclusion is that recycling of straw ash to fields is feasible and development work should continue after this pre-study. The pre-study need to be developed in the following areas: Means to spread a small quantity of ash to fields, with as small a negative effect as possible. Machines for spreading straw ash have been studied in some Swedish investigations, and before proceeding further one should gather additional information, a.o. on foreign machinery for spreading straw ash Test lime spreading techniques, pipe model, for agglomerated ash (wet, cured, crushed and sieved straw ash) As ash is a fertiliser, a method to calculate doses should be developed. This implies a.o. an analysis of potassium and phosphorus available to plants The availability of cadmium to plants should be studied in order to determine in which phase of a crop rotation ash should be returned in order to minimize the risk that plants take up cadmium If one chooses to recycle only bottom ash, one should continue to investigate means to extract potassium from fly ash, as ca 50 % of the potassium content is in the fly ash

  19. Vastased tähistavad ette Saakashvili põrmustumist / Triin Oppi, Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oppi, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Gruusias toimunud meeleavalduste mahasurumisest, president Mihheil Saakashvili poolt väljakuulutatud eriolukorrast ja erakorralistest valimistest ning läänemaailma suhtumisest. Kaart: Gruusia. Kommenteerivad Riigikogu Euroopa Liidu asjade komisjoni esimees Marko Mihkelson ja Thbilisi kaitseuuringute keskuse politoloog Bidzina Lebanidze. Vt. samas: Ilves ja Paet veensid grusiine rahu otsima. Välisminister Urmas Paet ja president Toomas Hendrik Ilves helistasid oma Gruusia kolleegidele, et neilt toimuva kohta aru pärida. President T.H. Ilves rõhutas Gruusia ametivennale vajadust kõiki pooli vaos hoida

  20. Consequences of increased extraction of forest fuel; Konsekvenser av ett oekat uttag av skogsbraensle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    The Swedish Energy Agency research program 'Sustainable supply and processing of biofuels', also known as Fuel program, ran from 2007-01-01 to 2011-06-30. The results of the program are reported in synthesis reports for the different sub-areas. The purpose of the synthesis reports is to compile knowledge in various areas, to identify knowledge gaps that need to be addressed further, and to place and discuss the aggregated research results in a larger energy and societal perspective, including environmental quality goals and forest policy environmental and production goals. This report covers sub area 'Forest fuel and environmental impacts' conducted in 2007-2011. Biomass from forests, e.g. logging residues, has become an increasingly more important energy resource over the last decades. There is a strong ambition from the society (the Swedish parliament, European Union etc.) to increase the proportion of renewable energy in the energy system and decrease the use of fossil fuel. However, by increasing biomass extraction from our forests a number of environmental services, as well as future forest production will be affected. In this report we discuss if it is possible to increase biomass harvesting, how to combine biomass extraction with sustainable forestry including conservation of environmental services, and if there are any threshold values for avoiding negative impact. The report mainly covers consequences of extracting logging residues, such as branches and tops (in Swedish this is summarised as grot), and stumps. Connected to this we also discuss effects of ash recycling. We also discuss intensive forestry including plantations with short rotation and nutrient optimisation. At present this is only carried out in a small scale for research purpose, but might be a possibility in the future. Finally, we analyse consequences of peat extraction, but only consequences for biodiversity. At the moment peat harvesting is of limited importance in Sweden, but it might increase and it is often mixed with other solid biofuel at the plants. The review is based on a large number of scientific reports. It focuses mainly on Swedish conditions, consequently studies from northern Europe dominates, but we refer also to a large number of studies from other parts of the world. In Sweden, most of the relevant studies have been financed by the Swedish Energy Agency. Therefore, we have analysed all projects within the research programmes funded by the Swedish Energy Agency. This means not only reading scientific papers, but also all kinds of reports, as well as interviews with project leaders. Our result has been examined and discussed at a number of seminars and workshops. Connected to our work we had a reference group with members representing authorities, forestry companies and NGOs. To be able to evaluate the consequences of increased biomass extraction we have related our result to environmental objectives, and goals for forest production, set up by the society (the Swedish parliament). In Sweden we have adopted 16 environmental objectives (http://www.miljomal.nu/Environmental-Objectives-Portal/, in English). Of these especially five objectives are most relevant for our analysis: Reduced climate impact, Natural acidification only, A non-toxic environment, Zero eutrophication and Sustainable forests. The forest production goal is described in the forestry policy (Government proposition 1992/92: 226, in Swedish)

  1. Rolf Edberg : En studie av ett miljöfilosofiskt författarskap

    OpenAIRE

    Wettström, Rune

    2008-01-01

    In this essay I have tried to present the ideas and thoughts of the Swedish author Rolf Edberg (1912-1997), journalist, ambassador and county governor. By many regarded as an environment philosopher and the introducer of deep ecology into Sweden. The essay emphasizes Edberg as a modern renaissance man of important knowledge with a rhetorical force to present and generalize the problems the planet Earth is meeting. The paper compares him with Henry Thoreau but also finds a close but perhaps un...

  2. Ameerika diplomaat käis Ida-Virus suursaadiku visiiti ette valmistamas / Argo Soolep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soolep, Argo, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 24. sept. 2004, lk. 3. Ameerika saatkonna esimene sekretär poliitika ja majanduse küsimuses Stuart A. Dweyer saabus Ida-Virumaale kahepäevasele visiidile. Saatkonna eesmärgiks on külastada kõiki Eesti linnu

  3. Risker och möjligheter i samband med Bitcoin : Bitcoin - ett pyramidspel eller en finansbubbla?

    OpenAIRE

    Rutanen, Emmi

    2015-01-01

    I denna undersökning har jag undersökt risker och möjligheter som finns i samband med den virtuella valutan Bitcoin. Syftet med undersökningen var att reda ut hurdana risker och möjligheter det finns i samband med Bitcoin samt jämföra Bitcoin med pyramidspel och finansbubblor. Analysen är utfört i två delar, den första med en SWOT analys och den andra genom att utvärdera valutans särdrag med finansbubblor och pyramidspel. Analysen strävar till att besvara de största riskerna samt möjlighetern...

  4. Textrörlighet - ett begrepp I rörelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bremholm, Jesper; Liberg, Caroline; Geijerstam, Åsa af

    2012-01-01

    This article describes how the analytical concept of text movability has been developed and used in four different projetcs, in order to study what is meant by an active participant and contributor when reading texts. Initially, a presentation is given of how the concept was originally designed...... and developed within a project where students' reading in three different topic areas was studied: mother tongue (Swedish), social science, and science. Following this presentation, we show how the concept, in combination with other analytical concepts, is used to capture students' domain-specific literacy...... competence in science. Further, in combination with other analytical concepts, we describe how text movability contribute to the study of students' reading positions in writing in mother tongue education (Swedish). Thereafter, the authors present a study of students' writing in social sciences...

  5. Tšetšeenia uus rahukava ei näe alistumist ette / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Eksiilis viibiv tšetšeenide välisminister Ahmed Zakajev saatis G8 tippkohtumisele läkituse, milles teatab, et läbirääkimised Venemaaga peavad algama eeltingimusteta. FSB ülem teatas, et tšetšeeni võitlejatel on aega 1. augustini, kui nad soovivad relvad maha panna ja amnestiat paluda

  6. Kelle emotsioonile anda teksti ette lugedes hääl? Vaatlus mitmest perspektiivist / Ene Vainik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vainik, Ene, 1964-

    2014-01-01

    Püütakse esile tuua, milliste inimloomusest tulenevate tõsiasjadega peab arvestama, kui hakata sünteeskõnele emotsioone matkivat prosoodiat lisama. Koondatud on lähenemised erinevatest teadusharudest

  7. Hybrid vehicles - an alternative for the Swedish market; Hybridfordon - ett alternativ foer den svenska bilparken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Egebaeck, Karl-Erik; Bucksch, S.

    2000-06-01

    The object of this report is to assemble information on and describe the situation for the development of hybrid vehicles and various alternatives within this field of development. In the report the description is concentrated mainly on the combination of combustion engine and electric battery, which is the most common combination in present day hybrid vehicles. In order to take a glimpse into the future even the combination of fuel cells and electric battery is described. The light duty electric hybrid vehicles which have been developed up to now are mainly parallel hybrids. If the development of hybrid systems takes place it will most certainly concern light duty vehicles which will come to be parallel hybrids equipped with an Otto or a diesel engine, depending on what the manufacturers wish to back. In the report the use of series hybrid vehicles is estimated to be limited to heavy-duty hybrid vehicles. Hybrids will not be likely to be relevant for heavy-duty vehicles, with the exception of those lorries which operate in city centres, i.e. lorries which are used to distribute goods to shops, garbage vehicles and certain types of working vehicle for service purposes. Continued development of the hybrid system for buses seems uncertain for various reasons. If there is a technical breakthrough in the manufacture of batteries and simultaneously the manufacturers increase their efforts to develop hybrid vehicles, the situation can be changed so that there is a speedier introduction of hybrid vehicles for heavy-duty vehicles.

  8. Ett nationellt metasystem för utbildning och fostran i Tornedalen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lars Elenius

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available A national interacting metasystem of national education and fostering developed in the Finnish speaking region Tornedalen in northern Sweden from the late 19th century to the 1950s. It was not formally agreed as a deliberate education system, but was more of a tacit understanding of a common nationalistic goal within different educational institutions such as primary schools, the residential industrial schools [arbetsstugor], the folk high-schools and the different forms of explicit military education. The aim was to help the poor region economically, to spread the Swedish language and culture in the area, to break the isolation of the region through education and to integrate this geopolitically sensitive border region into the nation. The integrative phase of Swedish nationalism was a common denominator. Leading persons in the educational and fostering activities were many times the same persons. There was a consensus over party lines about the need of acculturation and assimilation of the Tornedalians. The school, the nation and the family was regarded as central concepts in the fostering of the minority into Swedish citizens. By regarding the educations in Tornealen as a metasystem of ideological influences you get an imagination of the ideological power single educations gets when interconnected as a system.

  9. Prostitutsiooni vastu võitlejad võtavad ette sõdurid ja taksojuhid / Helen Eelrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eelrand, Helen, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Naisuurimuse Teabekeskuse direktori asetäitja Ilvi Jõe-Cannon projektist Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, mille käigus antakse NATO riikide sõduritele koolitust prostitutsiooni varjukülgedega seonduvast ning kavast hakata karistama prostituute vahendavaid taksojuhte

  10. Företagsrekonstruktion ur ett organisationsdesignsperspektiv : Rekonstruktörens beaktande av organisationsdesign

    OpenAIRE

    Ahlgren, Andreas; Lundström, Johan

    2015-01-01

    Konkurrensen mellan företag i Sverige är fortsatt hård, samtidigt som världen blir mer globaliserad och multinationella företag söker nya marknader. Mellan åren 2008 och 2013 försattes i snitt 6260 företag i konkurs per år. Konkurser påverkar företagsägare, leverantörer, anställda, staten och samhället negativt.   För företag nära konkurs finns möjlighet att försöka rädda företaget, genom företagsrekonstruktion. Det överordnade målet med företagsrekonstruktion är att rädda värdefulla affärsrö...

  11. A climate-friendly agriculture in 2050; Ett klimatvaenligt jordbruk 2050

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hjerpe, Karin

    2012-07-01

    Board of Agriculture has developed a basis for the role of agriculture in a road map towards a Sweden without a net greenhouse gas emissions in 2050. One possible reference scenario of how the development would be of no action is taken is presented in the report. Measures that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture is discussed as well as instruments that could make the measures came about. Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture depends largely on what is produced, and are therefore governed by what is consumed. Production can be made more efficient but not without any emission of greenhouse gases. According to the Swedish climate report 7.9 million tonnes of CO{sub 2} equivalent was released in the form of methane and nitrous oxide from livestock keeping and crop production in the agricultural sector in 2010. The report's reference scenario for agriculture is based on the assumption that the Swedish agricultural production in 2050 should be the same as today. The efficiency and productivity is expected to increase - productivity by 0.5 percent per year - which means that emissions of greenhouse gases decreases compared to 2010. The estimated emissions of methane and nitrous oxide from agriculture in 2050 amounts to 7.23 million tonnes CO{sub 2}-equivalent. In the national climate change reporting, the climate impact of agriculture also includes other flows of greenhouse gases than those in the agricultural sector. This applies to uptake and carbon dioxide emissions from land use, greenhouse gas emissions in direct energy use (energy use in stationary machines and fuel use in mobile machines), and greenhouse gas emissions from the production of imported input goods. When these flows are included in total emissions in the reference scenario in 2050, 9.49 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents will be emitted. Relevant measures the farmers themselves can take have been analyzed in terms of the effect they can make as well as cost-effectiveness and appropriate policy instruments to bring about measures. In total, the measures can reduce agricultural emissions in 2050 by nearly 20 percent. The substitution effect of replacing fossil fuels with bioenergy produced in agriculture implies that agriculture can contribute so that greenhouse gas emissions from other sectors also decreases, although increased production of crops for energy purposes means that emissions from agriculture thus increases, compared to the reference scenario.

  12. Ett företag utifrån en kundsynvinkel - Team Kitchen Ab

    OpenAIRE

    Dristig, Oscar

    2011-01-01

    Uppdragsgivaren för detta examensarbete är företaget Team Kitchen Ab vars huvudsakliga verksamhetsområde är ordnandet av matlagningskurser för både privata samt företagskunder. Syftet med arbetet är att redogöra för och mäta kundtillfredställelse och tjänstekvalitet hos uppdragsgivaren samt att redogöra för förbättrings-, och utvecklingsmöjligheter inom företagets tjänster och verksamhet. Teorier som behandlas i detta arbete är kvalitet och processer av bl.a. Lecklin och Edvardsson, SERVQUAL ...

  13. Fostran till frihet - Skolans demokratiska värdegrund ur ett habermasianskt perspektiv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikael Carleheden

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Education has never only been about teaching facts about the world. It has also always been about passing on values to pupils. This aspect of teaching is not fulfilled if pupils only learn the meaning of the favoured values. A teacher should also be able to make his or her pupils believe in those values and to act according to them. Thus, teaching is also a kind of political socialisation. The values taught change historically and this change is related to the political history of a society. The empirical point of departure of this article is the fact that it is currently possible to observe signs of such a value transformation. We are not anymore to become good national patriots, atomistic possessors of negative rights or loyal cogs in the welfare state machinery, but democratic citizens in a radical sense. This article takes Jürgen Habermas’ Faktizität und Geltung as its theoretical point of departure. With the help of Habermas, the above mentioned value transformation will be interpreted. The aim of the article is to use Habermas’ theory to give a general idea of the possibility and meaning of a normative education of democratic citizens.

  14. Framtidens driftcentral : En analys av den framtida driften av ett svenskt elnät

    OpenAIRE

    Svartz S:t Cyr, Daniel; Enarsson, Lars Einar

    2013-01-01

    Active work to increase the efficiency of energy use is taking place in Sweden and throughout all of Europe. Electricity is an important part in our society’s energy system which means that the electrical grid operators and associated therewith has a central role in this work. Monitoring and controlling the electrical grids are managed from the distribution system operator’s DC, dispatch center. The aim of this report is to examine how the operations in a typical DC on the Swedish electricity...

  15. Flerspråkighet inom lärarutbildningen - ett perspektiv som saknas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Carlson

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Multilingualism in teacher education – a missing perspective.This article is based on fieldwork within teacher education. Questions were asked about how student teachers are prepared for work/employment in an educational system characterized by pluralism in terms of multilingualism and a second-language perspective. Is a multilingual perspective presented in teacher education as a competence for some or for all? The answers can be seen as fairly meagre, but this also tells something more general about how issues about language and pluralism are regarded. Perspectives on multilingualism and second language acquisition (if and when they arementioned are often related in various ways to “the Others” and to a“deficiency perspective”. These topics are dealt with in the first part of the article. In next section discussing multilingualism, also seen as an asset, we encounter actors mostly within the field of linguistics. Didactic aspects as well as questions of identity are highlighted. The article ends with a morecomprehensive discussion on multilingualism, second-language perspective and governance/policy documents. Teacher education appears to be fairly national(ist, in spite of recurring talk about increasing globalization, and internationalization.

  16. Description and modelling of the solar-hydrogen-biogas-fuel cell system in GlashusEtt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedström, L.; Wallmark, C.; Alvfors, P.; Rissanen, M.; Stridh, B.; Ekman, J.

    The need to reduce pollutant emissions and utilise the world's available energy resources more efficiently has led to increased attention towards e.g. fuel cells, but also to other alternative energy solutions. In order to further understand and evaluate the prerequisites for sustainable and energy-saving systems, ABB and Fortum have equipped an environmental information centre, located in Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm, Sweden, with an alternative energy system. The system is being used to demonstrate and evaluate how a system based on fuel cells and solar cells can function as a complement to existing electricity and heat production. The stationary energy system is situated on the top level of a three-floor glass building and is open to the public. The alternative energy system consists of a fuel cell system, a photovoltaic (PV) cell array, an electrolyser, hydrogen storage tanks, a biogas burner, dc/ac inverters, heat exchangers and an accumulator tank. The fuel cell system includes a reformer and a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) with a maximum rated electrical output of 4 kW el and a maximum thermal output of 6.5 kW th. The fuel cell stack can be operated with reformed biogas, or directly using hydrogen produced by the electrolyser. The cell stack in the electrolyser consists of proton exchange membrane (PEM) cells. To evaluate different automatic control strategies for the system, a simplified dynamic model has been developed in MATLAB Simulink. The model based on measurement data taken from the actual system. The evaluation is based on demand curves, investment costs, electricity prices and irradiation. Evaluation criteria included in the model are electrical and total efficiencies as well as economic parameters.

  17. Personer med utmattningssyndrom: : Finns det ett samband mellan subjektiv och objektiv kognition?

    OpenAIRE

    Hortlund, Elina

    2014-01-01

    Research shows that people with burnout experience a high degree of impairments in a range of cognitive functions including memory, attention and concentration. The overall aim of the present study is to investigate whether there is a correlation between subjective estimates of cognition and cognitive performance with objective tests in people with burnout with a focus on working memory and executive functions. Three specific questions were addressed; First, what cognitive problems are descri...

  18. Individuella utvecklingsplaner för yngre barn i Sverige; Ett kritiskt ämnesdidaktiskt perspektiv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann-Christine Vallberg Roth

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Individual development plans for younger children from a critical subject didactics perspective. The paper aims to describe and problematize the content of individual development plans (IDP for preschool and preschool class (age six pupils from a critical subject didactics perspective. The didactical 'what question' pertaining to content (the object of learning is central to the analysis. Subject refers to the construction of content and not only in the narrow sense of academic subject, but also thematically and pragmatically connected across subject lines to the content of child care, upbringing and children’s possible questions. Critical didactics are applied to shed light on the relationships between the actors (children and teacher and their co-determination and agency. The critical approach also encompasses study of the content in relation to the power dimensions of place, age, gender and ethnicity. IDP material was collected in October 2006 in four municipalities in southern Sweden, three urban and one rural. Both relatively ethnically homogeneous and heterogeneous districts were included in the three urban municipalities. The material comprised 82 randomly selected plans. The analysis can be summed up in three distinguishing main tracks or normalities: Academic subject-regulated normal children – in a relatively homogeneous urban district; Socially and monolingually regulated multicultural children – in a relatively heterogeneous urban district; Primarily needs-regulated monocultural children – in a rural municipality

  19. Individuella utvecklingsplaner för yngre barn i Sverige; Ett kritiskt ämnesdidaktiskt perspektiv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann-Christine Vallberg Roth

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Individual development plans for younger children from a critical subject didactics perspective. The pa- 

    per aims to describe and problematize the content of individual development plans (IDP for preschool and pre- 

    school class (age six pupils from a critical subject didactics perspective. The didactical ‘what question’ pertaining 

    to content (the object of learning is central to the analysis. Subject refers to the construction of content and not 

    only in the narrow sense of academic subject, but also thematically and pragmatically connected across subject 

    lines to the content of child care, upbringing and children’s possible questions. Critical didactics are applied to 

    shed light on the relationships between the actors (children and teacher and their co-determination and agency. 

    The critical approach also encompasses study of the content in relation to the power dimensions of place, age, 

    gender and ethnicity. IDP material was collected in October 2006 in four municipalities in southern Sweden, 

    three urban and one rural. Both relatively ethnically homogeneous and heterogeneous districts were included in 

    the three urban municipalities. The material comprised 82 randomly selected plans. The analysis can be summed 

    up in three distinguishing main tracks or normalities: Academic subject-regulated normal children – in a relatively 

    homogeneous urban district; Socially and monolingually regulated multicultural children – in a relatively hetero- 

    geneous urban district; Primarily needs-regulated monocultural children – in a rural municipality

  20. Lärarna och skollagen : - ur ett gräsrotsperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    von Knorring, Emilie

    2012-01-01

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka lärares medvetenhet om den förändrade skollagen vad avser disciplinära och andra åtgärder och i vilken omfattning de upplever att den påverkar skolmiljön. För att kunna uppnå syftet med studien har tre frågor formulerats: för det första i vilken grad är lärare medvetna om vilka åtgärder som enligt lagen finns att tillgå och för det andra, i vilken omfattning tillämpar lärare de befogenheter de fått genom den nya skollagen? Avslutningsvis ställs fr...

  1. "Charlotte koob võrku" jõuab publiku ette eesti keeles

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas, Coca Cola Plazas, esitleti eesti keelde dubleeritud lastefilmi "Charlotte koob võrku". Kohal olid filmitegelastele hääle andnud lapsed ja näitlejad. Filmi eestindas stuudio Orbital Vox, linastub alates 16. märtsist

  2. Jäneda viimane mõisaproua ilmus eestlase ette / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2011-01-01

    Jänedal Pulli tallis 1. juulil esietendunud Hendrik Toompere noorema lavastusest "Pärast surma Jendalis" (MTÜ R.A.A.A.M). Autor: Urmas Lennuk, osades: Merle Palmiste, Rain Simmul, Sulev Teppart, Marta Laan, Hendrik Toompere noorim

  3. Karmel Eikner : "Teades oma võimeid, ei kipu ma kooride ette vehkima" / Valdo Jahilo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jahilo, Valdo, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Karmel Eikner mängis RAMi dirigenti, kui Eesti Televisiooni võttegrupp (režissöör R. Vilbre, operaator M. Vainokivi) filmis Estonia kontserdisaalis Eestit tutvustavat lühifilmi Eurovisiooni lauluvõistluse ülekande tarvis. K. Eikner jagab muljeid sellest võttepäevast

  4. Ühendriigid valmistavad ette uut sõjatandrit Iraanis / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2007-01-01

    USA süüdistused Iraani vastu on teravnenud, Euroopa ühe diplomaadi sõnul on sõjaline rünnak taas päevakorral ning tõsisemalt kui kunagi varem. Zbigniew Brzezinski hoiatab, et USA löök Iraani pihta viiks laiema konfliktini. Lisa: Väed juba kogunevad

  5. Health effects of a warmer climate - a knowledge review; Haelsopaaverkan av ett varmare klimat - en kunskapsoeversikt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rockloev, Joacim; Hurtig, Anna-Karin; Forsberg, Bertil (Umeaa Univ. (SE). Dept. of Public Health and Clinical Medicine)

    2008-01-15

    Global warming has caused changes that can already be seen and that motivates considerations of the possible adaptation measures needed to protect people and public health. Expert bodies such as the United Nations International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) now conduct model simulations on how the world's climate is expected to change depending on, for example, the emission of greenhouse gases. The Swedish SMHI has provided scenarios for how the future climate in Sweden may develop. These assume an increase in the winter temperature of 3-8 deg C in winter and 1-5 deg C during summer, compared to the period 1961-1990. In addition, these scenarios indicate increased precipitation especially in northern Sweden, a greater risk of drought in Skaane during summer, as well as an increased risk of extreme events such as storms, heavy rainfall and heat waves. The climate change may affect health and its determinants in a number of different ways. The effects may be direct, as in extreme weather conditions, and also indirect, such as the influence of changes in climate and the environment on the spread of infectious diseases as well as the far-reaching effects of changes in other parts of the world. The aim of this overview report is to briefly present our current understanding of how health risks and public health may be affected. The presentations of potential consequences are partly built using knowledge of the associations between climate and health in various regions to draw analogies for areas expected to undergo changes that will make their climate more similar to current conditions in other regions. Distribution of vector-borne diseases can be determined by the type of climate a certain mosquito can survive. In the future we may face outbreaks of diseases that are new to us. Another way of making predictions is to use the observations of how health effects relate to weather variations in one place, for example, temperature fluctuations. In this regard we already have information on the associations observed in Sweden with our current climate conditions. In some cases we can even build our analyses on changes in risk factors and health that have already been observed and linked to climate change, such as the spread of ticks in Northern Sweden and the already longer pollen season

  6. Vattenkvalitet i enskilda dricksvattenbrunnar i ett omvandlingsområde : En undersökning av enskilda dricksvattenbrunnar i delar av Hertsölandet i Luleå kommun, utifrån ett hälsoskyddsperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Boqvist, Lisa

    2017-01-01

    Good quality of drinking water is the foundation of a functioning society. Many Swedish municipals investigates ways to protect water supplies in convention areas. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risks of microbiological contamination of drinking water by private sewers and geothermal heat pumps. The purpose was also to investigate the risks of contamination associated with safety distances from energy wells and private sewers. Water samples were taken from private groundwate...

  7. Index viktat efter omsättning : Presterar ett index viktat efter omsättning bättre än ett index viktat efter börsvärde?

    OpenAIRE

    Walljaeger, Christoffer; Uhrdin, Susanna

    2005-01-01

    Om den effektiva marknadshypotesen inte gäller skulle varje aktie handlas över eller under aktiens verkliga värde. Om så är fallet skulle alla index som är viktade efter börsvärde automatiskt överexponeras när en aktie handlas över dess verkliga värde och underexponera när en aktie handlas under dess verkliga värde. Det här betyder att kapitalviktade index är fundamentalt och strukturellt bristfälliga och kommer kontinuerligt övervikta alla aktier som handlas över verkligt värde och undervikt...

  8. Management of polluted waters from a repository at Oskarshamn; Omhaendertagande av foerorenade vattenfloeden fraan ett slutfoervar i Oskarshamn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ridderstolpe, Peter; Straae, Daniel (WRS Uppsala AB, Uppsala (SE)). e-mail: info@wrs.se

    2007-05-15

    During both the construction and the deposition phase of the final repository, several kinds of polluted waters will occur that must be handled. The waters under consideration in this report are (1) sanitary wastewater, (2) drainage water from the repository, (3) leachate from the rock stockpile and (4) storm water. The aim of this report has been to produce an overview of the different flows of polluted waters and their properties, as well as to propose adequate strategies for their treatment. Several different alternatives of action have been investigated and compared in terms of environmental impact, economy and technical aspects. The report is part of SKB's environmental impact assessment work, but is also meant to be a usable tool in further planning. It is during the construction phase that the largest amounts of both water and pollutants are to be expected. Therefore, the conditions during the construction phase are proposed to be used for dimensioning of technical solutions as well as for environmental impact assessments. The study of different techniques for treatment of sanitary wastewater has included a method called ''open wastewater planning''. The work comprises six different technical solutions that have been outlined on system level, all of which responds to the national environmental legislation, as well as what has been considered as reasonable practical and economical demands. A urine diverting system combined with a local system for treatment of wastewater has been found to be the most interesting solution. The least attractive alternative in relation to the claimed demands is a traditional system for mixed wastewater connected to the existing wastewater treatment plant at the Oskarshamn nuclear power plant. This is mostly due to the high estimated cost for the connection pipe. Discharged leachate from the rock stockpile is expected to contain the greatest amount of nitrogen, at most 6 tonnes a year. Drainage water from the repository will also contain nitrogen and will in addition be slightly saline, but still rather clean. The local physical conditions for construction of outdoor, biological treatment steps as overland flow areas and wetlands for treatment of drainage water and leachate have been found to be good. A total nitrogen reduction of 50 percent in leachate and drainage water is considered reasonable from an environmental, practical and economical point of view. The proposed steps taken, the discharge to the recipient Ekerumsviken (the Baltic Sea) is estimated to be restricted to a maximum of three tonnes of nitrogen a year. The possibilities for local storm water control are considered to be good. As long as a thorough planning is carried out, risks for floods and negative local environmental impact resulting from unwanted substances in storm water will be minimised. It is also the authors opinion that the proposed ways of resolving the problem locally will save money, considering both the investment and the maintenance costs. The authors conclusive assessment of the environmental impact from the different polluted waters is that it will be small as long as the suggested measures are taken. Locally, the creek Oxhagsdiket will change its character in terms of a higher and more even flow. Today the creek is periodically dry; in the future it will lead 20-30 litres/second all year around. The water will be slightly saline and spiked with nutrients, especially in the upper part. This change of character is not necessarily negative; with the proposed ponds and wetlands an interesting water body is expected in terms of biodiversity and aesthetics. There will be no health risks for humans or animals. During summer time, the salinity in the lower part of Laxemaraan may equal that of Ekerumsviken. Situations like these are assessed not to have any negative impact on the water body, neither in the wetland upstream nor downstream of road 743. The annual content of phosphorous in the discharged treated sanitary wastewater has been estimated to a maximum of 25 kg a year. The treated wastewater will be diluted directly after discharge with the drainage water also discharged into Oxhagsdiket. The remaining phosphorous will stimulate biotic growth, but can not lead to algal bloom or other adverse situations in the recipients. Where the tributary Oxhagsdiket meets the stream Laxemaraan, the concentrations of phosphorous will be equal or lower than the ones of the stream water. Considering sampling results from the recipient control program, the primary production in Ekerumsviken is not restricted by nitrogen. Therefore, the discharged amount of nitrogen resulting from the activities of the final repository will not lead to increased algal production. Furthermore, the retention time in the bay is short and the concentration of ammonium is low, which means that the level of dissolved oxygen won't be reduced. Investments for treatment of sanitary wastewater will not exceed 4 million SEK.

  9. Muusikamaailm : Hooaja algus Kuninglikus Ooperis. Gian Carlo Menotti Helsingis. Messiaeni ooper heliplaadil. Salzburgi festivali ette Ruzicka / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Londoni Royal Opera House avati 1. dets. galaõhtuga pärast 2 aastat kestnud ümberehitusi. Seoses oma ooperi "Konsul" uuslavastusega Soome Rahvusooperis viibis Helsingis C. G. Menotti. O. Messiaeni ainus ooper "Püha Franciscus Assisist" jõudis heliplaadile. Salzburgi festivali kunstiliseks juhiks aastast 2001 valiti P. Ruzicka

  10. Ekspressiv skriving som egenterapeutisk verktøy ett år etter brystkreftdiagnosen - resultater fra en norsk pilotstudie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitta Haga Gripsrud

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Expressive writing as a self-help tool one year after the breast cancer diagnosis – results from a Norwegian pilot study The article presents findings from a pilot study on expressive writing, a therapeutic method undescribed in a Norwegian scientific context. Objective: 1. Gain qualitative data on breast cancer women’s experiences with expressive writing. 2. Evaluate the intervention’s feasibility, based on participants’ experiences of the instruction, procedure, and circumstances for writing. Method & design: The study has an exploratory descriptive design. Data collection was achieved through in-depth interviews, followed by experiential thematic analysis of transcripts. Results: Two women enrolled, participating in writing/interviews. Analysis revealed three themes: "The experience of the writing process", "Writing as working through and work to clear the mind", "Strength and vulnerability in relation to others". Conclusion: Findings reveal that expressive writing was experienced as achievable for two breast cancer women, one year after diagnosis. Writing provided an opportunity to work through, and sort out, feelings and thoughts connected to participants’ lives and illness experiences. The instruction was evaluated as easy to understand and inspiring. The women became absorbed in electronic writing in their own homes. They both recommended expressive writing for other women with breast cancer, especially in the period after initial diagnosis.

  11. Ett vackert hem börjar med golvet” : Linoleummattan i Sverige under tidigt 1900- tal

    OpenAIRE

    Nordström, Frida

    2013-01-01

    Denna uppsats handlar hur samhällsströmningar i samhället under tidigt 1900-tal påverkade användningen av linoleum i hemmen och i arkitekturen i Sverige. Även utseendet på linoleummattor och tillverkningssätt undersöks. Undersökningen omfattar också den svenska linoleumtillverkaren Forshaga linoleum och andra typer av golvmattor som har tillverkats av dem.
 
 Linoleum uppfanns av Fredrick Walton på 1860-talet och hade sin storhetstid under de kommande 100 åren. Linoleum är tillv...

  12. Tantsupäev toob publiku ette säravaid balletitähti / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    29. apr. esinevad Vanemuises rahvusvaheliselt tuntud tantsijad - Tamara Rojo, Jan-Erik Wikström, Inaki Urlezaga, Anna Valev, Olga Volobujeva, Priit Kripson, Diana Cuni ja Kristoffer Sakurai -, et tähistada rahvusvahelist tantsupäeva

  13. Foreign materials in a deep repository for spent nuclear fuels; Fraemmande material i ett djupfoervar foer anvaent kaernbraensle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, C.; Christiansson, Aa.; Wiborgh, M. [Kemakta Konsult AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

    1999-12-01

    The effects of foreign substances introduced into a spent-fuel repository are reviewed. Possible impacts on processes and barrier-functions are examined, and the following areas are identified: Corrosion of the spent-fuel canister through the presence of sulfur and substances that favor microbial growth; impacts on the bentonite properties through the presence of cations as calcium, potassium and iron; radionuclide transport through the presence of complex-formers and surface-active substances.

  14. Arti Arakas : ma ei osanud praegust olukorda ette näha / Arti Arakas ; interv. Henrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arakas, Arti

    2008-01-01

    Arco Vara asutaja vastab küsimustele, kas tema hinnangul ongi nüüd kinnisvarakrahh käes, kui agressiivselt tegutseb Arco Vara praegu Balkani riikides, milline on Arti Arakase roll Arco Varas otsuste tegemisel edaspidi

  15. Dior - Ett lyxmodemärke i kris : - En studie i argumentens bild av händelsen

    OpenAIRE

    Jakobsson, Anna; Molin, Linnea

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT The purpose of this essay has been to analyse an incident that received huge attention in the media that took place on February 24 2011 involving the famous fashion designer John Galliano. Galliano who at the time served as a creative director at French luxury fashion house Dior hurled anti-Semitic remarks during an altercation to a couple at Paris café La Perle. We intended to do a study of the material in two parts. The primary focus of our thesis was to analyse six different news...

  16. "Olen sitä mieltä, että ..." : lukiolaisten yleisönosastotekstien rakenne ja argumentointi

    OpenAIRE

    Mikkonen, Inka

    2010-01-01

    This thesis examines the structure and argumentation of letters to the editor written by Finnish upper secondary school students. The research material includes 89 texts and the objective of the study is to determine the structure and argumentation of these texts. The rationale for the study of these argumentative texts is: (i) Lack of structure and argumentation skills by upper secondary school students. This fact has previously been established by several studies. (ii) General concern about...

  17. Meelis Lao astub kohtu ette McDonald's Eesti ründamise eest / Martin Hanson, Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2005-01-01

    Prokuratuur süüdistab Meelis Laod McDonald'si omavolilises sulgemises rendivaidluse tõttu. Skeem: Meelis Laoga seotud firmad. Vt. samas: Omakohus kohut ei mõjutanud; Mõis: Lao tegutseb efektiivselt

  18. Emojis som ett universellt språk : En studie om Apple och Samsungs omvandling av universella koder

    OpenAIRE

    Tenggren, Maria

    2017-01-01

    Denna studie undersöker hur operativsystemen Apple och Samsung omvandlar universella koder till emojis och om de samspelar utseendemässigt. Med en semiotisk ansats fokuserar forskaren på att analysera emojis och dess visuella aspekter som skapar känslouttryck. Känslouttryck som i sin tur skapar tolkning och förståelse i människors digitala kommunikation. Studien baseras på tidigare forskning av Paul Ekman, Jaram Park, Young Min Baek, Meeyoung Cha och Rachel Scall. Genom en kvantitativ innehål...

  19. Management of polluted waters from a repository at Forsmark; Omhaendertagande av foerorenade vattenfloeden fraan ett slutfoervar i Forsmark

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ridderstolpe, Peter; Straae, Daniel (WRS Uppsala AB, Uppsala (SE)). e-mail: info@wrs.se

    2007-05-15

    During both the construction and the deposition phase of the final repository, several kinds of polluted waters will occur that must be handled. The waters under consideration in this report are (1) sanitary wastewater, (2) drainage water from the repository, (3) leachate from the rock stockpile and (4) storm water. The aim of this report has been to produce an overview of the different flows of polluted waters and their properties, as well as to propose adequate strategies for their treatment. The report is part of SKB's environmental impact assessment work, but is also meant to be a usable tool in further planning. The sanitary wastewater clearly is the polluted water that possesses the greatest potential risk to human health and the environment. On the other hand it is fully treatable, which means that nuisance and negative environmental impact can be avoided. It is during the construction phase that the largest amounts of both water and pollutants are to be expected. Therefore, the prevailing conditions during construction phase are proposed to be used for dimensioning of technical solutions as well as for environmental impact assessments. The study of different techniques for treatment of sanitary wastewater has included a method called 'open wastewater planning'. The method helps its users to consider the local physical conditions and the prerequisites of the planned activities, as well as the legislative, practical and economical demands. The work comprises three different technical solutions that have been outlined on system level, all of which responds to the national environmental legislation as well as what has been considered as reasonable practical and economical demands. Before the final decision is made, it is recommended that the alternatives are evaluated from a broad perspective by SKB, taking into consideration the value of recycling and goodwill. Discharged leachate from the rock stockpile is expected to contain the greatest amount of nitrogen, at most 6 tonnes a year. Drainage water from the repository will also contain nitrogen and will in addition be slightly saline, but still rather clean. The local physical conditions for construction of outdoor, biological treatment steps for treatment of drainage water and leachate have been found to be good. A total nitrogen reduction of 50 percent in leachate and drainage water is considered reasonable from an environmental, practical and economical point of view. The proposed steps taken, the discharge to the recipient 'kylvattenkanalen' (the cooling water intake channel) is estimated to be restricted to a maximum of three tonnes of nitrogen a year. There is no expected impact on the cooling water quality of relevance to the operation of the nuclear power plant. The possibilities for local storm water control are considered to be good. As long as a thorough planning is carried out, the risks for floods and negative local environmental impact resulting from unwanted substances in storm water will be minimized. It is also the authors' opinion that the proposed ways of resolving the problem locally will save money, considering both the investment and the maintenance costs. The authors' conclusive assessment of the environmental impact of the different polluted waters is that it will be small as long as the suggested measures are taken. Locally, there will be an impact on the small forest lake 'Tjaernpussen'. The water of the lake will be slightly saline, and in the case of a combined tertiary treatment of wastewater with treatment of leachate and drainage water, or a new local treatment facility for wastewater, the nutrient levels of the lake water will increase. This will increase the growth of macrophytes, as well as micro algae. The water will get a greenish colour and decreased clarity, but there is no risk for oxygen depletion or bad smell. Costs for treatment of the polluted waters have been estimated and found reasonable. Investments for treatment of sanitary water will not exceed 2.5 million SEK. Operation and maintenance costs included, the annual cost will approximately reach a 200,000 SEK a year. Costs for treatment of drainage water and leachate are of the same magnitude. Expressed per kg reduced nitrogen, the treatment cost will be about 70 SEK per kg

  20. En socialpsykologisk analys av samkönat partnervåld ur ett makt- och normativitetsperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    von Braun, Thérèse

    2009-01-01

    Uppsatsens syfte var att nå en större teoretisk förståelse av samkönat partnervåld, genom att analysera olika forskningsartiklars narrativa konstruktioner av våldet. De två frågeställningarna var: 1. Hur diskuterar forskningslitteraturen samkönat partnervåld med fokus på temana relationsdynamik, karaktär hos parterna, kön, genus och sexualitet samt betydelsen av social kontext? 2. Hur diskuterar forskningslitteraturen det professionella bemötandet av samkönat partnervåld? De 21 valda primärdo...

  1. Responsibility for safe management of spent nuclear fuel - a legal perspective; Ansvarstagande i kaernbraenslecykelns slutsteg - ett raettsligt perspektiv

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cramer, Per; Stendahl, Sara; Erhag, Thomas (Dept. of Law, Univ. of Goeteborg, Goeteborg (Sweden))

    2010-10-15

    This study analyzes, based on Section 10 of the Swedish Nuclear Activities Act, the legal structures surrounding the issue of responsibility for safe management and final disposal of spent nuclear fuel. The purpose is to shed light on the legal aspects that must be considered in the future licensing process and thereby contribute to a better understanding of the importance of the legal structures for the decisions about final disposal that lie ahead of us. The overall question is thus future-oriented: What interpretation is it reasonable to assume will be given to the requirements of the Nuclear Activities Act on 'safe management and final disposal' of the spent nuclear fuel in the coming licensing process? The approach we take to this question is in part traditionally jurisprudential and based on a study of the travaux preparatoires (drafting history) of the Act and other legal sources. In addition, a study of legal practice is included where previous licensing processes are studied. One conclusion that can be drawn from this study is that the Swedish regulation of nuclear activities creates a legal basis for exacting far-reaching industrial responsibility from the reactor owners, but also for an extensive and interventionist state influence over the activities. Of central importance in the model for division of responsibility that was established via the Nuclear Activities Act in 1984 is the RDandD programme (Research, Development and Demonstration). The RDandD programme reflects the political will that the requirement of 'safe management' should be met through research. The statutory forms for how the programme is to be organized reflect an ambition to place great responsibility for execution and financing on the industry, but also, and not least, an ambition to retain instruments of control and influence in the hands of the state. It is difficult to judge whether the hopes of the 1980s regarding the influence of the public over this process have been fulfilled. However, this regulatory framework gives the Government great leeway in imposing requirements on the industry with regard to different alternatives for managing the spent nuclear fuel. Based on the general formulation of the regulations, the answer to the question regarding the interpretation of the requirements in Section 10 of the Nuclear Activities Act is that this interpretation is in the hands of the political majority at the time of the licensing process. In other words, the question of what is safe according to the Nuclear Activities Act is a political one, and the legal interpretation is ultimately made by the Government and not by a court. If at the time of the decision there is a political majority that opposes granting a licence, legal argumentation may be offered, but hardly otherwise. This is a conclusion that is confirmed by the review of previous licensing decisions. Responsibility for management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel is regulated in Sweden by several different laws and regulatory complexes, which means that the regulatory frameworks overlap each other. It has been noted that a permit and licence for a final repository have to be applied for under both the Nuclear Activities Act and the Environmental Code. This study describes in general terms the parallel regulation of environmental, nuclear safety and radiation protection matters on the national and European levels. Examples are given of regulatory responsibility for waste management and for provision of information in connection with licence applications for final disposal within the framework of Euratom and the EU Treaty. Finally, the consequences of this type of parallel regulation for the Swedish licensing process are discussed. The study shows that due to parallel regulation at a national level, there are certain risks of overlap and contradiction, not least as regards conditions governing environmental responsibility as well as nuclear safety and radiation protection. Perhaps the greatest challenge for the development of civilian nuclear energy production is the need to create a regulatory framework that effectively prevents civilian nuclear activities from contributing to an increased proliferation of nuclear weapons. The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how responsibility for upholding international commitments regarding non-proliferation of nuclear weapons is concretized in connection with the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel in Sweden. In the concluding chapter of the report, we present the investigation's overall conclusions regarding the regulation of responsibility in for the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel

  2. Politecast : ett nytt kommunikationsprimitiv för trådlösa sensornätverk

    OpenAIRE

    Lundén, Marcus

    2011-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks have the potential for becoming a huge market. Ericsson predicts 50 billion devices interconnected to the Internet by the year 2020. Before that, the devices must be made to be able to withstand years of usage without having to change power source as that would be too costly. These devices are typically small, inexpensive and severally resource constrained. Communication is mainly wireless, and the wireless transceiver on the node is typically the most power hungry co...

  3. Mot en ämnesintegrativ helhetssyn – ett digitalt utvecklingsprojekt i finländsk lärarutbildning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mårten Björkgren

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The school teaching in Finland is traditionally divided into different subject lessons. Although several curricula for decades have stressed the importance of integrating subjects to each other, the didactical development of subject integrated teaching has been quite week. The authors of this article are all involved in the training of subject teachers for the Swedish schools in Finland. The article stresses the importance of integrating subject content knowledge into value education. With the theoretical discussion as a starting point, the authors describe their subject integrated project for student teachers in history, social science, religion, philosophy and literature. During the working process it was obvious that the student teachers used their own subject content knowledge, but as they worked in mixed subject groups, they also realized how to co-operate and ask questions to persons with other kinds of subject content knowledge and perspectives. It was challenging for the student teachers to combine new subject integrated perspectives with new digital methods, but considering the ambitions of the curricula, these kinds of integrated processes seems to be important in teacher training

  4. Den formgivande barndomen : En kvalitativ studie om antisocialt beteende hos barn och professionellas arbetssätt ur ett preventionsperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Pudas, Nicole; Björkgren, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    Research has shown that antisocial behaviour already develops in early infancy. Insufficiency in attachment has proven to be a prominent factor in those cases a child develops antisocial behaviour. Therefore the purpose of the study is to research how antisocial behaviour in children expresses itself and how professionals approach the complex of problems. The result of this study has shown that work to establish safe relations and trust are accentuated to be one of the most significant compon...

  5. Får - ett miljövänligt alternativ som ogräsbekämpning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anne Mette Dahl; Sintorn, Kim

    2010-01-01

    Erfarenhetsutbyte omkring fårbete som ogräsbekämpning var bland annat på dagordningen då svenska och danska greenkeepers som helt eller delvis sköter sina banor pesticidfritt möttes på Furesö Golfklubb den 4 maj i år.......Erfarenhetsutbyte omkring fårbete som ogräsbekämpning var bland annat på dagordningen då svenska och danska greenkeepers som helt eller delvis sköter sina banor pesticidfritt möttes på Furesö Golfklubb den 4 maj i år....

  6. Word-of-blog : Hur WOM på bloggar påverkar ett företags försäljning

    OpenAIRE

    Larsson, Sara; Johansson, Johanna

    2010-01-01

    Företag har länge använt sig av samtal mellan människor för att sprida budskap om produkter, tjänster och varumärken. Forskare visade redan på 1950-talet att denna typ av informella konversationer, även kallad word-of-mouth (WOM), påverkar konsumenters köpbeteende och företags försäljning. I och med utvecklandet av Internet har WOM fått ytterligare uppmärksamhet och idag ser vi att fler och fler företag använder sig av kanaler såsom internetforum och bloggar som del av sin marknadsföring. Tro...

  7. TV-spel i nöjesjournalistiken : En undersökning om tv-spel och recensioner utifrån ett genusperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Söderberg, André

    2013-01-01

    This study is about how videogamecompanies and Swedish newspapers represent masculinity and femininity in the covers of the games Assassins Creed 3, Grand Theft Auto 5, Bayonetta and Tomb Raider along with the reviews being done in conjunction with the game. The reviews has been published in the following newspapers: Aftonbladet, Svenska Dagbladet, Expressen and Göteborgsposten. The image that is formed in our society about how a man and a woman should be and behave will be the basics of this...

  8. Programm. Risti ette me ei löö! Kas Metsatöll on Rabarocki majabänd? Veteranpioneerid Pedigree

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Järvakandis 15.-16. juunini toimuva festivali "Rabarock" programm (info: www.rabarock.delfi.ee / www.rabarock.ee). Sugestiivrockansamblist Kosmikud (www.kosmikud.ee), heliplaatidest "Ei roosid, "Kuidas tuli pimedus", "Pulmad ja matused". Ansamblist Metsatöll (www.metsatoll.ee). Industrial-metalansamblist Pedigree (www.myspace.com/pedigree)

  9. Luhmanns massmedieteori och Internet som ett artificiellt intelligent semiotiskt system [Luhmann’s mass-media theory and Internet as an artificial intelligent semiotic system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Kåhre

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses how a modern form of AI programming, known as Connectionism in a design known as Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI, affects the perception Luhmann has on mass media's role concerning second-order observations. DAI uses nodes to create activity in the systems and not the codes used by the Classic or Symbolic form of AI. Luhmann’s theory can be developed by replacing the systems codes with nodes that change depending on their relations to other nodes. In this way, we can reformulate the concept of communication, so that it includes the systems interactions with the environment. It creates better conditions so that observing opportunities may arise directly from these interactions. Internet and AI-programmed search systems and robots can then act as an artificial semiotic system that creates opportunities for making observations.

  10. "aatteloo että en mää ookkaan yksin" : Ikääntyneiden kokemuksia vapaaehtoisesta ystävästä

    OpenAIRE

    Riipinen, Anniina

    2010-01-01

    Tämän tutkimuksen tarkoituksena oli tutkia Kokkolan Vapaaehtoistoiminnan yhdistys ry:n ikääntyneiden asiakkaiden kokemuksia yhdistyksen toiminnasta, kokemuksia ja merkityksiä heidän luonaan säännöllisesti käyvästä vapaaehtoisesta ystävästä. Ikääntyneiden ”äänen” kuuleminen ja ymmärtäminen nousivat tärkeäksi asiaksi tutkimuksessa. Tällä hetkellä erilaiset säästötoimet vaikuttavat myös ikääntyneiden palveluihin. Tämä vaatii sosiaali- ja terveysalan henkilöstöltä luovuutta ja yhteistyötä, jotta ...

  11. Den tjuvmjölkande kvinnan - ett motiv i den teologiska utmarken = The milk-stealing woman : a motif in the margins of theology / Ann-Sofi Forsmark

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Forsmark, Ann-Sofi

    2006-01-01

    Upplandi kirikutes esinevast paharetiga mestis olevast piima varastava ja võid kloppiva naise motiivist seinamaalidel kui marginaalsest teoloogias. See oli seotud Euroopasse jõudnud "nõiajahiga", kus arvati, et naine on aldis igasugustele pahategudele tänu kuradi mõjuvõimule naise üle

  12. Att skapa ett vi : En intersektionell innehållsanalys av en dokumentärserie för religionskunskap i gymnasieskolan

    OpenAIRE

    Larsson, Ida

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to examine how religious individuals are portrayed depending on their gender, sexuality and ethnicity in digital teaching material for upper secondary school. How is the relationship between a person's religious faith, gender, sexuality and ethnicity portrayed? What kind of perceptions does this description create of the importance of religion for the individual and society? How can an intersectional analysis help to understand the perception of the importance of reli...

  13. IAS 40 ur ett Nordenperspektiv : Jämförelse av regelverkets efterlevnad 2014 jämfört med 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Wigge, Gunilla

    2016-01-01

    Börsnoterade bolag ska i sin koncernredovisning redovisa enligt IFRS och förvaltningsfastigheter skall redovisas enligt IAS 40 Förvaltningsfastigheter. Detta examensarbete undersöker hur Nordiska börsnoterade bolag tillämpar vissa punkter inom IAS 40 i 2014 års redovisning jämfört med 2009 års redovisning. Syftet med undersökningen är att undersöka skillnader mellan de granskade företagens redovisning 2014 och 2009, med utgångspunkten i en tidigare publicerad undersökning (Hedlund & Ersso...

  14. Kan stadsbors användning av IT bidra till ett hållbart samhälle? : En kunskapsöversikt.

    OpenAIRE

    Apelmo, Elisabet; Greger, Henriksson

    2014-01-01

    This report deals with everyday habits with environmental impacts in relation to the use of information and communication technology (ICT, colloquially referred to as IT). We raise issues related to a) how environmentally promising and problematic ‘ICT-practices’ in urban everyday life can be identified and b) how the potential for such practices to be transformed through the use of ICT can be assessed, and ultimately utilized, in the context of sustainable urban development. These issues we ...

  15. Har världshistorien ett kön? Familj och släkt i världspolitikens mitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Sjöberg

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, gender perspectives have been adopted and elaborated in almost all research areas of history, apart from world history. A review of articles published in the Journal of World History during 2001–13 demonstrates a general pattern of gender blindness in the journal, with a few important exceptions. Several explanations for why world history neglects gender history are examined in this article. First, it has been claimed that world history has a strong materialist tradition, while gender historians work mostly with cultural perspectives. However, the articles in the Journal of World History show that world history is not unfamiliar with cultural issues or methodologies. Secondly, gender historians emphasize the complexity of gender relations, which do not accord well with prevailing explanations within world history that stress macro theories and general patterns. Thirdly, gender historians concentrate their research on women in their own countries, and this is of minor interest to scholars of world history. Fourthly, the absence of women and gender relations in writing and teaching on world history reflects the fact that almost every society in world history has had a gender order that discriminates against women in favour of men. What is lacking is a consciousness of this order. This opinion is easy to agree with, but it does not suggest ways of improving the gender consciousness of world historians. Fifthly, one opinion stresses that most women in history have lived their lives in families, while families do not play an important role in world history. This opinion relies on a view of gender history as exclusively women’s history. In order to emphasize and clarify gender as a structuring principle at the general level of societies, this article ends with an overview of a similarity of significance in almost all early modern political regencies. Dynastic thinking was established all over the world, from principalities to empires, and was everywhere constructed in terms of imagined family and kinship relations with superior masculinity and subordinated femininity. How can research in world history overlook this world-wide structure? 

  16. Oral bioavailability of arsenic, antimony and a selection of metals in ashes; Oral biotillgaenglighet av arsenik, antimon och ett urval av metaller i askor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlsson, Christel; Bendz, David; Jones, Celia

    2008-06-15

    In an earlier study, financed by Varmeforsk, 'Q4-238 Environmental guidelines for reuse of ash in civil engineering applications', the total content of arsenic and lead was shown to determine whether or not reuse of some of the ashes in construction work is feasible. The model used to calculate the guidelines uses the total concentration of metals to evaluate the health risks resulting from exposure to the ashes. The use of total concentration can lead to overly conservative risk assessments if a significant fraction of the total metal content is not bioavailable. Better precision in the risk assessment can be given by the use of the bioavailable fraction of arsenic and lead in the model. As a result, ashes which are rejected on the basis of total metal concentration may be acceptable for use in engineering construction when the assessment is based on the bioavailable fraction. The purpose of the study was to (i) compile information on the oral bioavailability of arsenic, antimony and a selection of metals in ashes and similar materials, and on in vitro methods for determination of oral bioavailability, and (ii) experimentally estimate oral bioavailability of arsenic, antimony and some metals in a selection of ashes by analysis of the gastrointestinal bioaccessibility of these elements. The investigated elements were antimony, arsenic, lead, cadmium, copper, chromium, nickel and zinc. In the literature study performed within the project a number of static and dynamic in vitro methods simulating gastrointestinal processes of contaminants were compiled. The methods include one or several segments, i.e. mouth, stomach and intestine. Among the compiled methods, the RIVM (Rijksinstituut voor volksgesundheid en milieu) in vitro method was used in the experimental part of the project. The advantages with the method was that: the method to a high degree mimicked the human gastrointestinal processes (the method included three segments mouth, stomach, and intestine); . the method was relatively simple; . the method could include an anaerobic step if needed; the method could include food; knowledge of the method existed in Sweden; and the method had been compared and evaluated in a scientific publication. In the experimental part of the study the bioaccessibility of antimony, arsenic, lead, cadmium, chromium, copper, nickel and zinc in seven different ashes at two different particle size fractions (<63 mum and <2 mm) was investigated. These fractions were chosen to represent voluntary (<2 mm) and involuntary (<63 mum) ingestion of ash. The investigated ashes were produced in different incineration plants and represented different categories, i.e. type of ash (fly ash or bottom ash), fuel and incinerator. In the experimental part the influence of total concentration of the elements on their bioaccessibility was also investigated, as well as the influence of particle size fraction on total content of the elements. The influence of type of ash on both bioaccessibility and total concentration of the specific elements was also investigated. The bioaccessible fraction of antimony, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, nickel and zinc in a selection of ashes showed a higher variation between the different elements than between the different ashes. With the exception of arsenic in two of the investigated ashes, the bioaccessible concentration was substantially less than the total concentration of all elements in all ashes. The bioaccessible fraction of arsenic was high both in fly ashes (>85%) and in bottom ashes (40-85%). The bioaccessible fraction of lead was also relatively high and varied between 14 and 60% in the different ashes. Cadmium also had a high bioaccessible fraction which varied between 50-75% in the investigated ashes. The bioaccessible fraction of chromium was much smaller compared to the bioaccessible fraction of the other elements, and was with two exceptions less than 12%. The bioaccessible fraction of copper was relatively high and varied between 20 and 70% in the different ashes. In this study, particle size fraction only had an effect on the bioaccessible fraction of arsenic, chromium, and copper. For these elements, bioaccessibility was higher in the smaller particle size fraction representing involuntary ingestion. Particle size fraction also had an effect on the total concentration of cadmium, nickel, antimony and zinc, with higher total concentrations in the smaller particle size fraction. Total concentration only had an effect on the bioaccessible fraction of arsenic, copper and lead, with higher bioaccessible fractions at lower total concentrations. The type of ash had an influence on the bioaccessible fraction of arsenic, cadmium, chromium and antimony, with a higher bioaccessible fraction of arsenic, chromium and antimony in fly ashes compared to in bottom ashes, and a higher bioaccessible fraction of cadmium in bottom ashes compared to in fly ashes.

  17. Kreatör eller reklampelare? : En intervjustudie om influencers deltagande och påverkan i ett klädföretags kampanj

    OpenAIRE

    Törnqvist, Alexandra; Horneij, Sofia

    2018-01-01

    Creator or billboard? An interview study based on influencers’ participation and impact in a clothing company’s campaign. The purpose of this study is to examine six influencers’ experiences of participating in a clothing company's campaign. The aim is to acquire a deeper understanding of what impact the influencers have in the campaign. The method used is qualitative interviews with six of fifteen influencers who participated in a clothing company's campaign in October 2017. The influencers ...

  18. Faktaboken i praktiken : hur ett antal barn- och ungdomsbibliotekarier arbetar med faktaböcker i sin lässtimulerande verksamhet

    OpenAIRE

    Åkerlund, Ulrika

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to study how children's librarians in public libraries use non-fiction books in their work to promote reading. My research questions are: What methods do children's librarians use för promoting non-fiction books? Are there children who can gain more from non-fiction books than other children do? Are there any differences in working with fiction and non-fiction books? To answer these questions I have interwieved five children's librarians about their methods, atti...

  19. Ett växande motstånd i myndigheternas frånvaro : En diskursanalys av vaccinmotståndet i det senmoderna Sverige

    OpenAIRE

    Löfgren, Susanna; Jonsson, Mia

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to examine, using a late modern perspective, the anti­vaccination discourse in Sweden. The study contributes to a better understanding of what is communicated in the discourse, the truths that are presented and how legitimacy is created. Through a broadened understanding of the way this resistance operates in digital media, we are given a better understanding of how authorities can respond to the increased vaccination resistance on these platforms. The theories used in this st...

  20. Exposure conditions, lung function and airway symptoms in industrial production of wood pellets. A pilot project; Exponeringsfoerhaallanden, lungfunktion och luftvaegsbesaer vid industriell produktion av traepellets. Ett pilotprojekt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edman, Katja; Loefstedt, Haakan; Berg, Peter; Bryngelsson, I.L.; Fedeli, Cecilia; Selden, Anders [Oerebro Univ. Hospital (Sweden). Yrkes- och miljoemedicinska kliniken; Eriksson, Kaare [Umeaa Univ. Hospital (Sweden); Holmstroem, Mats; Rask- Andersen, Anna [Uppsala Univ. Hospital (Sweden)

    2002-02-01

    The production of wood pellets is a relatively new branch of the Swedish wood industry and has increased during the last years. A pilot study was performed to investigate the prevalence of airway symptoms, lung function and exposure among all 39 men employed in industrial production of wood pellets at six companies. The study included a questionnaire, medical examination, registration of nasal-PEF (peak expiratory flow) during a week, allergy screening (Phadiatop) and lung function (spirometry) before and after work shift. The results were compared with different reference data from other Swedish studies. Exposure measurements of monoterpenes and wood dust on filter and with a data logger (DataRAM) were also performed. The study group reported a higher frequency of cough without phlegm, awakening due to breathlessness and current asthma medication compared with reference data. For five of the six participants with physician-diagnosed asthma the disease debuted before the current employment and the results did not indicate an unusual asthma morbidity. Spirometry showed lower lung function before work shift than expected. However no difference over work shift was observed. A negative and non-significant correlation was seen between time with current work task and lung function. The study group reported a higher frequency of nasal symptoms mostly blockage, sneezing and dryness compared with reference data. The registrations of nasal-PEF did not show any differences between work and spare time. The prevalence of positive Phadiatop (23 %) did not differ from reference data. No association between exposure (wood dust and monoterpenes) and acute effects on lung function was observed. The wood dust exposure (0.16-19 mg/m{sup 3}) was high and 11 of 24 measurements exceeded the present Swedish occupational exposure limit of 2 mg/m{sup 3}. Peak exposures could be identified, e.g. at cleaning of engines with compressed air, with the DataRAM. The exposure to monoterpenes (0.64 and 24 mg/m{sup 3}) was low compared with the present Swedish limit of 150 mg/m{sup 3}. The monoterpene exposure does not seem to be a health or exposure problem in industrial production of wood pellets but wood dust exposure can effect the airways negatively. In this study the levels of wood dust were high and the study group reported more airway symptoms than expected. However the effect on lung function was small, but steps to reduce wood dust exposure should be done.

  1. Towards an economic sustainable, high yielding and climate-smart agriculture with high landscape values; Paa vaeg mot ett ekonomiskt haallbart, hoegproducerande och klimatsmart jordbruk med hoega landskapsvaerden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumm, Karl-Ivar

    2013-07-15

    In 1995-97, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency carried out a futures study with the aim of identifying ways to achieve environmentally friendly, sustainable Swedish agriculture by 2021. The results indicated that major environmental improvements were possible, while also improving profitability and increasing production of food and bioenergy. At a time half way between 1995 and 2021, the trends predicted in that study were compared against actual developments in agriculture. The analysis showed that most objectives regarding environmental quality were on the way to being achieved relatively well. However, profitability continued to be weak, while food production had decreased and bioenergy production was far below the predicted level. The latter means that agriculture was far from achieving the target of compensating for its emissions of greenhouse gases through bioenergy production substituting for fossil energy. This analysis showed that weak profitability and insufficient production capacity at current prices are the greatest sustainability problems in Swedish agriculture. If profitability cannot be improved, agriculture will decline and its positive effects on the landscape will decrease. If production does not increase, there will have to be continued or increased food imports, which are often less favourable from an environmental perspective than food produced in Sweden. If bioenergy production in agriculture does not drastically increase, it will be difficult to realise the vision of a Sweden without net emissions of greenhouse gases by 2050. The present report updates the futures study. In the evaluation, great emphasis is placed on identifying paths to economically sustainable, high producing and climate-smart agriculture with high landscape values. It is assumed that the current agricultural support system is replaced with environmental payment based on landscape and climate benefits. The views expressed in this report are those of its author and do not necessarily coincide with views held by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.

  2. Bayeuxtapetens marginaler - ett utrymme för kommunikation om kvinnligt och manligt? = Medieval margins - a site of communicatin about male and female? / Agneta Ney

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ney, Agneta

    2006-01-01

    Bayeux' gobeläänist, mis kujutab Inglismaa vallutamist 11. sajandil normannide poolt - uurimus on vastukajaks kunstiteadlase Michael Camille'i arvamusele, et vaibaäärtel on kujutatud misogüüne. Naiste kujutamisest vaibal, oletatavatest põhjustest ja tähendustest

  3. Two-stage combustion, a new concept in reducing alkali related operational problem; Tvaastegsfoerbraenning, ett nytt koncept att minska alkalirelaterad driftproblematik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hjoernhede, Anders; Hermansson, Sven; Seemann, Martin; Alamia, Alberto; Larsson, Anton; Davidsson, Kent; Niklasson, Fredrik; Atongka Tchoffor, Placid; Jones, Frida

    2012-07-01

    A possible way to reduce alkali related problems during thermal conversion of fuels into heat and power is to thermally split the fuel into a relatively alkali-lean gas stream and a relatively alkali-rich char stream. The alkali-lean gas stream could then be combusted and used for high-temperature purpose, e.g. superheating of steam. The char residue could be combusted for heating of e.g. steam tubes at inferior temperatures. The purpose of this project has been to study and demonstrate such two-stage combustion, with separation of the early devolatilization from alkali-rich fuels for steam superheating. Within the project, it has been investigated if this type of thermal conversion is thermo-economically feasible. Furthermore, it has been investigated in laboratory and pilot scale trials, which kinds of fuels, temperature levels and fuel residence times that are required to achieve a flue gas with significantly lower concentrations of alkaloids, compared to single-stage conversion. The results from the thermo-economical simulations show that it is possible to arrange the heat exchanger surfaces in a power plant for thermal two-stage conversion. Compared to traditional one-stage combustion, the electricity efficiency could be increased from 35 % to more than 38 %. However, the results from combustion, gasification and pyrolysis in lab, together with gasification trials in the Chalmers pilot plant, show that the investigated woody fuels (bark and wood pellets) do not seem to be feasible for two-stage conversion. These fuels emit alkaloids exclusively in conjunction with the devolatilization in opposite to the desired effect. On the other hand, straw is a potential fuel candidate for two-stage conversion, since straw emits alkaloids during both devolatilization and char conversion. Furthermore, the results show that increased temperature generally causes increased alkali release. From the results it is suggested that the propensity of a fuel to release alkali during devolatilization or char conversion rely on if the alkali is bound organically to the fuel or as soluble or non-soluble salts. Chemical fractionation could, therefore, possibly be used as analysis method for the suitability of a fuel to be used in two-stage conversion. Future trials and investigations of two-stage conversion for separation of a alkali-lean gas of with the devolatilization should, hence, be preceded by chemical fractionation and limited to fuels that are expected to release alkaloids during the char conversion.

  4. Den Lyckade Förändringen : Förändring av arbetsmetod inom bank utifrån ett ledarperspektiv i Sparbanken Rekarne

    OpenAIRE

    Fredrick, Posti; Roza, Otman

    2014-01-01

    Sammanfattning                         ”Förändringsarbete av arbetsmetod utifrån ledarperspektiv” Datum:                                           27 maj 2014 Nivå:                                               Kandidatuppsats i företagsekonomi, 15 hp Institution:                                   Akademin för Ekonomi, Samhälle och Teknik, EST, Mälardalens Högskola Författare:                                    Fredrick Posti 901205               Roza Otman 910525                  Titel:   ...

  5. Sorgens två ansikten : En litteraturstudie om män och kvinnors sorg vid förlust av ett barn

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Linda; Nilsson, Maria

    2009-01-01

    Background: To lose a child describes as the most painful loss that a human being can experience. The grief can be experienced individual depending on several factors such as culture and life experience. Being a man or woman is another factor that may influence the experience of grief. The nurse´s role is to support both parents in their role as mother and father. Aim: The aim was to describe men’s and women’s experiences of the loss of a child. Method: The study was made as a general literat...

  6. Adaption of the power distribution system to a sustainable energy system - Smart meters and intelligent nets; Anpassning av elnaeten, till ett uthaalligt energisystem - Smarta maetare och intelligenta naet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bollen, Math

    2010-11-15

    The conversion of the energy system towards sustainability is a major challenge for society. The conversion includes a large-scale introduction of renewable electricity and the electrification of transport. Adaptations of the grid are needed in order to cope with this development: - Facilitate an increased introduction of renewable electricity; - Enabling power reduction at peak load; - Improve incentives for energy efficiency; - Creating conditions for more active purchasers of electricity. Security of supply must be high, although the new production affects the electricity grid in a different way than today. Therefore, new technical solutions, a so-called smart grid, is necessary in order to, inter alia, prevent congestion and over voltages, but also to enhance the operational safety in general. There is new technology that can help adjust the grid in an efficient and flexible way. Intelligent networks, or smart grids, is the collection of new technology, function and regulatory framework in the electricity market, etc. that cost-effectively facilitate introduction and utilization of renewable electricity generation, leading to reduced energy consumption, contributes to power reduction in peak load and creates conditions for active electricity customers. Sweden is one of the countries that score high in terms of active electricity customers and feedback of consumption for electricity customers. There is a direct consequence of introduction of the metering reform and installation of the AMR, in which Sweden was one of the first countries in Europe. As for modern technology to increase transmission capacity of transmission networks such as HVDC and FACTS technology, Sweden is a world leader. This technology will play an important role in enabling large-scale use of renewable electricity generation on European level. The investigation has resulted in the following proposals: - A knowledge platform created to be collect and disseminate relevant knowledge of research, development and demonstration to all stakeholders. An independent Coordination Council is established as a base for platform. - Funding for research, development and demonstration shall be done by existing structures. The EI should be given a increased role both as regards the allocation of resources and capabilities to develop the function and regulatory framework in the electricity market, - Svenska Kraftnaet is given the task to develop a comprehensive action plan for how the Swedish electricity grid will be adapted to the objectives for the development of renewable electricity generation and conversion of energy system. An important prerequisite for action is a system for equalizing the costs of connecting wind and other renewable energy sources, - Increased incentives for network companies to invest in smart grid is introduced in regulation; - Hourly metering is introduced for the majority of electricity customers, - EI should be instructed to review electricity companies' tariff structures in order to reduce peak load, - EI should be given the task of designing functional requirements of the customer information in order to increase opportunities to actively respond to market price signals, - EI is given the task of analyzing roles and responsibilities of different players in order to identify and suggest possible measures for to promote the use and development of smart grids, - EI should be instructed to analyze whether the current split in the national, regional and local networks are efficient. The timetable for implementing the above proposals are determined with consideration of the prior regulation. Results should be available well before March 2015 to provide electricity traders to adjust their investment plans; fall 2013 is proposed as the target date

  7. Musik som ett specialpedagogiskt verktyg för barns språkutveckling : Fem sydafrikanska pedagogers syn på musik som pedagogiskt verktyg

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Lina

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this essay is to study if and how five South African educators work with music as a special pedagogical tool in children's language development. To achieve the purpose of this study, two research questions were created. As method, interviews of a qualitative character were chosen.  The aim of the method is to give the educators the opportunity to think about and use their own experience before answering the questions. The result shows that the South African educators are not us...

  8. Soome-ugri rahvaste proosa jõudis eesti lugejate ette / Nikolai Kuznetsov, Vasli Nikolajev, Muš Nadii ; intervjueerinud Üve Maloverjan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuznetsov, Nikolai

    2013-01-01

    Autorid tutvustavad proosakogumikke: Vana maja monoloog : valik mari proosat : 26 lugu 23-lt autorilt aastatest 1927–2010. Tallinn, 2012 ; Seal kaugel-kaugel : valik komi proosat : 30 lugu 27-lt autorilt aastatest 1924-2010. Tallinn, 2011 ; Varsti on jälle kevad : valik udmurdi proosat : 39 lugu 34-lt autorilt aastatest 1890-2010. Tallinn, 2012

  9. Klienten i ett förändringsskede : att genom empowerment stöda livshanteringen hos klienter med kronisk sjukdom

    OpenAIRE

    Erlund, Frida

    2010-01-01

    Detta examensarbete utgör en del av projektet Tillgång, Aktivitet och Gemenskap – T.A.G i livet. Syftet med projektet är att stöda vuxna och äldre klienter till självständighet och bättre funktionsförmåga, genom att utveckla nya serviceformer och metoder för egenvård. Projektets mål är också att främja klienternas förmåga att upprätthålla eller förbättra deras hälsa, välmående och funktionsförmåga samt att förebygga social och samhällelig marginalisering som är förknippad med hälsa och livsha...

  10. (t';Ett(';IIA.~IE)i\\S AANt;III~NS.:ND.: \\V.:TI~NSKAI. TttT ItIE t';ES KII ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ligging met die oog op handel het. Nie slegs ten opsigte van hulle binneland en agterland nie, maar ook ten opsigte van die buiteland het die. Nederlandse geweste 'n gunstige ligging gehad. 'n Mens kan volkome beaam wat Van Rees skryf: 'Welk land was meer geschikt om de schepen der verschillende natien tot zich te ...

  11. Biodiversity on mire ecosystems and drained peatlands - a basis for environmental peat harvesting; Biologisk maangfald paa myrar och dikad torvmark - underlag foer ett miljoemaessigt torvbruk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stedingk, Henrik von (Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Uppsala (Sweden))

    2009-07-01

    The interest of peat harvesting has increased, due to the political ambition to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to increase the use of local energy sources. Peatlands drained for forestry, a common resource in Sweden, can be a good energy source in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, under certain conditions. The question is what consequences increased peat harvesting would have on biodiversity in the forest landscape. To answer this question this literature study was performed to summarize what is known about the life of a natural and drained mire, and to discuss what conservation values could be found on a drained peatland. The definition of mire is a wetland with active peat accumulation, even if mires also are distinguished based on specific plant communities. A mire often contains several mire types. Some mire taxa are specialized for living on mires, other organisms have other main habitats but utilize the mire for fulfilling their life cycle. The level of knowledge varies for different organisms. The best known groups are vascular plants and bryophytes. They are also used for classifying mires since their abundance is related to gradients of pH, fertility and water level. Arthropods is a diverse group on mires favored by open moist forests and water pools. Poor mires with restricted flora may be good insect habitats. Birds are found in habitats rich in insects. Large mires are richer in wader species thanks to higher heterogeneity and a variety of insect habitats. The microscopic life in peat is rich and the species composition differs from the forest soil, even if the level of knowledge is limited. Drainage leads to species turn over for many groups of organisms and drainage often leads to a decrease in diversity. However, drained peatlands is a collective concept including different peatland types in different succession phases and different intensity of drainage. Therefore in general, drained peatlands cannot be treated as less important for biodiversity than not drained peatlands. The plant succession following drainage leads to denser vegetation and dominance of forest plants. Often drainage is followed by forestry, leading to even lower nature conservation values. Conservation values on drained peatlands are rarely studied. Potential environments for nature conservation in drained peatlands are: 1) Areas with little drainage influence and preserved mire function. 2) Late forest successions after drainage with deciduous trees and dead wood. 3) Open pine forest or swamp forest that act as refugia for old growth lichens and wood fungi. 4) Pools and stream like older ditches with running water. An inventory focused on conservation values on drained peatlands is recommended. Peat harvesting causes ecosystem shift and species living on the mire disappear. An estimation of biodiversity effects from peat harvesting must include the lost mire, time of exploitation, as well as the after-treatment. A longer time perspective is therefore required when evaluating consequences of peat harvesting. The development of a broader spectra of after-treatment involving biodiversity is essential, as well as a system that guarantees a long term perspective in after-treatment for biodiversity. Methods for evaluating effects on the landscape level from increased peat harvesting are required. Increased peat harvesting on drained peatlands could be in convergence with the Swedish environmental goals, if choice of site and after-treatment is based on landscape analysis focusing on biodiversity

  12. Att göra nya val - om nätverkets delaktighet i ungdomars väg ut ur ett missbruk

    OpenAIRE

    Koser, Lisa

    2009-01-01

     The aim of this study was to examine how young people, who have been treated for their misuse and/or to learn to handle a parent's misuse, portrayed the network's implication in their wishes about improving their lives, to make new choices. The network included members of nuclear family, relatives, important persons at school/work and friends. The “professional network” (therapists and social workers) also became a part in the young people's life during a period. The main issues of this stud...

  13. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erinle, L M · Erinle-Ibrahim, ML · Eromosele, BO · Esekhaigbe, AC · Eshimokhai, S · Eteng, Ernest · Ette, A M · Ette, A M · Ette, AM · Ette, AM · Etuk, EH 351 - 400 of 1115 Items >>. ISSN: 1116-4336. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors ...

  14. A systems study of the future waste management system in Boraas. Part of the project: 'Thermal and biological waste treatment in a systems perspective'; Systemstudie Avfall - Boraas: En systemstudie foer den framtida avfallsbehandlingen i Boraas. Ett delprojekt inom projektet 'Termisk och biologisk avfallsbehandling i ett systemperspektiv'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bisaillon, Mattias; Haraldsson, Maarten; Sundberg, Johan; Norrman Eriksson, Ola

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of this project (A systems study of the future waste management system in Boraas) is to evaluate, from a systems perspective, new and improved waste treatment technologies. The study is focused on the waste management system and the district heating system of Boraas. In order to make the analysis complete, the project has also included analyses of surrounding systems that interact with Boraas waste management and district heating systems. The study evaluates the situation in 2015, i.e. a situation only a few years from today. Therefore we have chosen to perform the analysis with one external scenario and 12 development paths (divided into Analyses 1-5). The external scenario describes the development of the surrounding systems through factors that are important for the waste management and district heating systems in Boraas (e.g. electricity price, waste generation, and price of tradable emissions permits for CO{sub 2}). A development path (or local scenario) means changes of the current waste management and/or district heating systems in Boraas and consists of a set of technologies (e.g. anaerobic digestion, central separation and gasification) that are used to fulfil the demand for waste treatment and district heating. The development in the surrounding systems (described by the external scenario) cannot be influenced by the decision-makers in Boraas. The development paths describe possible changes of the waste management and district heating systems that decision-makers in Boraas can choose to implement

  15. Safety and feasibility of regadenoson use for suboptimal heart rate response during symptom-limited standard Bruce exercise stress test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Partington, Sara L; Lanka, Viswanatha; Hainer, Jon; Blankstein, Ron; Skali, Hicham; Forman, Daniel E; Di Carli, Marcelo F; Dorbala, Sharmila

    2012-10-01

    Regadenoson during exercise stress test (ETT) can provide maximal hyperemia for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), along with exercise information. Our aim was to study the feasibility and safety of regadenoson injection at peak ETT for submaximal heart rate (HR) response. Consecutive patients who underwent SPECT MPI with standard Bruce ETT or supine-regadenoson (Supine-Reg) were analyzed. ETT patients were grouped as ETT-Max [maximal HR > 0.85 * (220 - age), N = 1,522], ETT-Submax (submaximal HR no regadenoson, N = 504), ETT-Reg (submaximal HR and regadenoson, N = 211). The HR during ETT was submaximal in 715 (32%) patients. Of these, 211 patients (30%) underwent ETT-Reg (mean exercise duration: 5.5 ± 2.5 minutes). ETT-Reg patients had a higher frequency of hypertension, diabetes, smoking and beta-blocker use, similar rest systolic blood pressure (SBP), but lower rest and peak HR and peak SBP compared to ETT-Max patients. There were no serious complications with regadenoson. Side effects (49% vs 6%, P < .0001) were fewer and aminophylline use was lower with ETT-Reg compared to Supine-Reg (0.5% vs 8.1%, P = .001). Submaximal HR response to ETT is common. ETT-Reg is safe, feasible, and well-tolerated. ETT-Reg facilitates a diagnostic MPI with reporting of functional capacity, exercise ECG/hemodynamic changes and MPI at maximal hyperemia.

  16. A Practice-based Study on the Survival of Restored Endodontically Treated Teeth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Skupien, J.A.; Opdam, N.; Winnen, R.; Bronkhorst, E.; Kreulen, C.; Pereira-Cenci, T.; Huysmans, M.C.D.N.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: This retrospective study evaluated the survival of endodontically treated teeth (ETTs) and investigated factors influencing restoration and tooth survival. METHODS: Data from 795 ETTs were recorded, and success (restoration still intact) and survival (restoration intact or

  17. Tourism and visiting activities in Tierp. Threats and possibilities with a repository for spent nuclear fuel; Turism och besoeksnaering i Tierp. Hot och moejligheter med ett djupfoervar av anvaent kaernbraensle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bjoerne, S.; Sandberg, M. [EuroFutures AB, Stockholm (Sweden); Sahlberg, B. [EBS Invent AB (Sweden)

    1999-10-01

    Consequences for tourism and visiting at Tierp from siting a spent fuel repository in the community are studied. Tierp has little tourism as of today, and siting of the repository will probably lead to increased visiting of Tierp professionally and as a leisure activity.

  18. Multiphase flow in the geosphere around a repository for spent nuclear fuels. Inventory of the present knowledge; Flerfasfloede i geosfaeren kring ett foervar foer utbraent kaernbraensle. Inventering av kunskapslaeget

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aalen, Bengt [Bergab, Goeteborg (Sweden)

    2004-10-01

    Important quantities of gas can form in an underground repository for nuclear wastes. Gas can be formed through: corroding metals; water and certain organic substances that undergo radiolysis; organic material degrading through microbial activity. The last point is of concern mainly for intermediate-level wastes, which can hold large amounts of organic materials. The first point is the main process for high-level wastes. The gas could transport radioactive substances through the buffer and the geosphere into the biosphere, or affect the performance of the repository in a negative way. The present report gives a review of the knowledge about two-phase flow in connection with deep geologic repositories for spent nuclear fuel.

  19. Kelle emotsioonile anda teksti ette lugedes hääl? Vaatlus mitmest perspektiivist / Who’s emotions to express while reading out loud? A multi-perspective approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ene Vainik

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Artikli eesmärgiks on esile tuua, milliste inimloomusest tulenevate tõsiasjadega peaks arvestama, kui on plaanis hakata sünteeskõnele emotsioone matkivat prosoodiat lisama. Sel eesmärgil on kokku koondatud lähenemised erinevatest inimest puudutavates teadusharudest nagu neuroloogia, kirjandusteadus, sotsiaalpsühholoogia, filosoofia jne. Eri perspektiividena käsitletakse kuulaja, teksti peategelase, autori ja lugeja emotsioonide kujunemist. Seejärel kirjeldatakse, kuidas lisab vokaalseid emotsioone inimesest ettelugeja ning kuidas lähenetakse teksti ja emotsioonide vahekorrale afektirehkenduse valdkonnas. Artikli lõpuosas esitatakse visioon keskmise lugeja emotsionaalset reageeringut jäljendavast virtuaalsest Emonculus’est kui võimalikust tulevikuperspektiivist emotsionaalse prosoodia lisamisel sünteeskõnele.

  20. Temperaturreglerande ekosystemtjänster i stadsmiljö : Behovsanalys av ett planerat bostadsområde och skillnader i vegetations temperatursänkande förmåga

    OpenAIRE

    Larsson, Madeleine

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this report was to implement a temperature regulating perspective in an early stage of urban planning in a residential/school area in Västra Valhallavägen, Stockholm (Sweden). Further, the purpose was to evaluate the outdoor temperature during summer days and investigate how differences in size and placing of conifers, deciduous trees and bushes could affect the mitigation of the mean radiant temperature. The evaluation was based on three indicators; the maximum heat island, gr...

  1. Friluftsliv i ett förändrat kommunikationslandskap : En kvalitativ undersökning kring hur ny mediekonsumtion påverkar Umeå kommuns kommunikation

    OpenAIRE

    Utterström, Ylva

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine which communication channels and communication strategies Umeå municipality could use for information concerning outdoor recreation. To achieve this aim the following theories and views have been applied: social communication, communication strategies, two-way symmetrical communication, social media and uses and gratifications. The study was conducted through four focus group interviews and one informant interview. The focus groups consisted of four groups...

  2. Power process with separation of CO{sub 2} through combustion in two stages - chemical looping combustion. Final report; Kraftprocess med avskiljning av CO{sub 2} genom foerbraenning i ett tvaastegsfoerfarande - chemical looping combustion. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lyngfelt, Anders; Cho, Paul; Steenari, Britt-Marie; Langer, Vratislav; Eriksson, Sten; Mattisson, Tobias [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Energy Technology

    2005-06-15

    For combustion with CO{sub 2} capture, chemical-looping combustion (CLC) with inherent separation of CO{sub 2} is a promising technology. Two interconnected fluidized beds are used as reactors. In the fuel reactor, a gaseous fuel is oxidized by an oxygen carrier, e.g. metal oxide particles, producing carbon dioxide and water. The reduced oxygen carrier is then transported to the air reactor, where it is oxidized by air back to its original form before it is returned to the fuel reactor. The feasibility of using both natural iron ore and synthetic oxygen carriers based on oxides of iron, nickel, copper and manganese was determined. Oxygen carrier particles were produced by freeze granulation. To be able to study and compare the different types of oxygen carrier particles, a procedure for testing and evaluation was developed. The reactivity was evaluated in both fixed and fluidized bed laboratory reactors, simulating a CLC system by exposing the sample to alternating reducing and oxidizing conditions. In addition, the particles were characterized with respect to crushing strength, agglomeration, tendency for carbon deposition as well as chemical and physical parameters. The rates of reaction varied and were highly dependent upon the oxygen carrier used. For the natural iron ore it was found that a high yield of CH{sub 4} to CO{sub 2} was possible although the solid reactivity was relatively low. The reactivity of the freeze granulated particles were considerably higher, with the oxygen carriers based on nickel and copper having the highest reactivity in comparison to Fe and Mn based particles. However all of the investigated samples had a reactivity sufficient for use in a CLC of interconnected fluidized beds. The copper oxide particles agglomerated and may not be suitable as an oxygen carrier. Carbon formation and agglomeration was studied in detail, and the results suggest that neither of those should be a problem in this process, except for copper which agglomerated in all tests. The results also show how experiments should be performed to achieve relevant data on carbon formation and agglomeration.

  3. Ett förändringsperspektiv på SMED-metoden : Framtagandet av en modell som förenar SMED och förändringsledning

    OpenAIRE

    Svan, Gabriella; McHugh, Amanda

    2012-01-01

    A growing number of companies are adopting a lean philosophy in order to be able to compete in today’s increasingly competitive global society. This requires a flexible production in order to fulfill customers’ demanding and changeable requests. SMED (Single Minute Exchange of Die) can be seen as a method for companies to become more lean and its purpose is to reduce the change over time; the time it takes to change a production line from manufacturing one product to producing another product...

  4. Vapenhusmålningar i Finlands medeltida kyrkor - marginella bilder i ett marginellt utrymme = The paintings in the porches of the medieval churches in Finland : marginal images in a marginal room / Marianne Roos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roos, Marianne

    2006-01-01

    Marginaalsed kujutised marginaalses ruumis - Soome keskaja 8 kiriku sammaskoja maalingutest, kus oli sageli kujutatud kuradeid ja marginaalseid motiive - nn. "Hobusekauplemine", mida mujal Skandinaaviamaades pole kunagi leitud. Need olid väikesed kabelid, kuhu mehed kirikusse sisenedes oma relvad jätsid. Pildid olid mõeldud hoiatamaks kogudust saatana pahategude eest ja loomaks liikmetes kindlustunnet

  5. Utökad biologisk nedbrytning med rörliga bärare av läkemedel och ett urval av ramdirektivets prioriterade ämnen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falås, Per; Hörsing, Maritha; Eriksson, Eva

    Three pilot scale plants with nitrification but with large difference in loadings have been operated for evaluation of the capacity for reduction of micro pollutants. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) showed high sorption to the carriers why the degradation could not be evaluated. For some...

  6. ”En hobbit och ett mumintroll skulle kunna mötas i bästa sämja”: Receptionen av Bilbo, en hobbits äventyr (1962

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sundmark, Björn

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available When the publisher Rabén & Sjögren published a new Swedish translation of The Hobbit (1962 in the wake of the success with The Lord of the Rings (1959–1961 with illustrations by Tove Jansson, it was a publication that seemed destined to become a modern classic. Yet, the publication was not reprinted and was replaced by other versions, lacking Jansson’s artwork. The general view have been that critics, readers and, in particular, Tolkien fans, were averse to the lack of detail and realism in Jansson’s work, and that it was deemed too close to her own Moominland creation. In this article, based on an examination of extant reviews, a more complex picture emerges, however. Reviewers, including “Tolkienists,” were generally favourable to Jansson’s illustrations. Instead the reason why the publisher chose discontinue using her artwork has to be sought elsewhere. The hypothesis ventured in this article, and backed up by evidence from the reviews, is that on the one hand the reading public (including the reviewers were uncertain about what they were reading and how The Hobbit could and should be visualized. Jansson seemed a good idea at the time. But the 1960’s was also a period of transition where (Tolkienian fantasy emerged as a publishing genre in its own right, bringing with it a realistic mode of representing the fantastic which jarred with the expressive and non-realistic artistry of Jansson. At that point, the publisher chose the developing visual practices that were to be associated with fantasy over the rich and expressive vision of Jansson. Ultimately, the article makes a plea for a reassessment of Jansson’s Bilbo-illustrations on the basis of the visual diversity evident in much present day fantasy.

  7. Small-scale bio fuelled heat and power - requirements for standardized technical and fuel solutions from a systems perspective; Smaaskalig biobraenslebaserad kraftvaerme - foerutsaettningar foer standardiserade loesningar med avseende paa teknik och braenslen i ett systemperspektiv

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nystroem, Olle; Johansson, Kent; Steinwall, Pontus [Sycon Energikonsult AB, Malmoe (Sweden)

    2001-01-01

    Different techniques for small-scale heat and power generation have been investigated. The included cycles are steam turbine, diesel engine, Otto engine, Stirling engine, gas turbine and organic Rankine cycle (ORC). For steam turbines, Stirling engine, and indirectly fired gas turbines, the combustion can be placed in a relatively conventional furnace, which gives a fairly free choice of fuel. In other cycles like the traditional gas turbine cycle, diesel engine and Otto engine, the fuel should be in the gas or liquid phase. Experiments are in progress to use wood pf (pulverised fuel) as fuel. The technique for plants based on steam turbine, diesel engine, Otto engine, conventional gas turbine and ORC based on different forms of bio fuel exist already today. For Stirling engine, gas turbine with HAT cycle (Humid Air Turbine) and indirectly fired gas turbine further development is needed before the technique will be commercially available using bio fuel. An interesting process coupling is a gas engine combined with a gasifier. This coupling can be a competitive choice to the other processes if the problems with gas cleaning can be solved.

  8. Combined environmental impacts from production and use of the products. An EIS-application project for refineries; Sammanvaegd miljoepaaverkan fraan produktion och anvaendning av produkterna. Ett MKB-tillaempningsprojekt foer raffinaderier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kindbom, K; LoevbIad, G.; Stripple, H.

    2001-12-01

    At European refineries a change in production is planned in order to obtain better qualities of gasoline and diesel, from an environmental point of view. This change will, however, lead to higher emissions at the refineries. The present study of the combined effects of emissions at the refineries and the use of the products gives the opportunity for considering the entire system and gives a stronger positive signal than the traditional EIS would do. Three different methods were used: Net change in emissions to air; Exposure of men and ecosystems for air pollutants; and Exceeding norms and critical levels. The results for the Swedish refinery at Lysekil shows that the emissions from using the products are much higher than the emissions from the refinery for all cases studied. The net emissions from production and use of the products will be reduced for the new products compared to the present situation. Risks for exceeding norms and critical levels due to the changes at the refinery exist for emissions of sulfur and nitrogen oxides, but a lower background load will probably mean that the total future load will be reasonably close to the critical level in the area affected by the refinery. In the urban environment, reduced risks for exceeding the levels for benzen and low levels for toluene and xylene give greater advantages than the increased emissions of sulfur and nitrogen close to the refinery.

  9. Oil and Gas in a New Arctic. Developments of the Energy Issue and Regional Strategic Dynamic; Olja och gas i ett nytt och foeraendrat Arktis. Energifraagans utveckling mot bakgrund av regionens strategiska dynamik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Granholm, Niklas; Kiesow, Ingolf

    2010-03-15

    This study has as its point of departure that large reserves of energy and minerals are deposited in the Arctic. There is uncertainty on how large these reserves are and if extraction of them is technically and economically feasible. As the Arctic gradually becomes more accessible as the melting of the sea-ice in the Arctic Ocean progresses, the region becomes more open to human activities than ever before. The energy issue in the Arctic develops against the background of the region's increasing geostrategic importance. Russia shows no hesitation, Norway also put considerable resources into energy extraction in the Arctic. Environ-mental protection is a more prominent issue in Norway, Canada and the USA than in Russia. In addition to the energy issue, other factors in the Arctic are also changing. Shipping, climate change, military strategy, nuclear weapons, overlapping territorial claims, developments in international security and national policies and efforts, are all parts of a development that does not easily let itself be described and analysed. The different factors under change develop according to their own character and inner logic and how they interact will be hard to foresee. Uncertainties of future developments in the Arctic therefore remain. The Arctic will become more clearly linked into developments in the rest of the world than hitherto. The region will no longer be exclusively an issue for the states in the region. The interest in the Arctic is on the increase, not only from the Arctic states, but also from external state actors in Europe and Asia, as well as multilateral organisations such as the European Union and NATO

  10. Present status and an appreciation of the consequences for recreation and outdoor leisure activities from siting a nuclear waste repository at Forsmark; Nulaegesanalys samt bedoemning av konsekvenser foer rekreation och friluftsliv av ett slutfoervar i Forsmark

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ottosson, Pia [Atrax Energi AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2007-07-15

    This report describes how the area around Forsmark is used with respect to recreation and outdoor life. It also describes the impact of the final repository on recreation and outdoor life if it is located in Forsmark. The studied area is situated in the parish of Forsmark in the municipality of Oesthammar. Forsmark nuclear power plant and the final repository for radioactive operational waste, SFR, are situated within the area and there are both houses and holiday houses. The area is used for leisure pursuit by inhabitants and employees at FKA and SKB, but also by a number of different associations and by tourists. Statistical data shows that the parish of Forsmark is sparsely populated. The area was previously dominated by one big landowner and the land surrounding the nuclear power plant was inaccessible to the general public during that period. The outdoor life is therefore less widespread here than along other parts of the east coast. The value of the area does not lie in paths and trails, bike tracks and bathing places, but in the unspoiled countryside, the wildlife and the bird life. Recreation such as hunting and fishing is very popular in the area. The construction of a final repository will increase traffic and hence increase noise and motion in the area. This will mainly impact the enjoyment value for the people spending time in the area. No other significant consequences are expected as the final repository will be mainly situated within the existing industrial complex and hence the character of the area should remain unchanged.

  11. Present status and an appreciation of the consequences for recreation and outdoor leisure activities from siting a nuclear waste repository at Oskarshamn; Nulaegesanalys samt bedoemning av konsekvenser foer rekreation och friluftsliv av ett slutfoervar i Oskarshamn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahlstroem, Kristina

    2007-07-15

    This report describes recreation and outdoor life in and around Simpevarp/Laxemar area. It also describes the impact of constructing a final repository for spent nuclear fuel on the outdoor life. The study area in this report is situated in the parish of Misterhult, in the municipality of Oskarshamn. Oskarshamn nuclear power plant (OKG) and the interim storage facility for spent nuclear fuel (Clab) are situated within the area. The parish of Misterhult is sparsely populated and includes both houses and holiday cottages. The area is used for various kinds of recreation by inhabitants from surrounding villages and employees at OKG and SKB (Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co), and also by a number of different associations and by tourists. Misterhult archipelago has the highest values for recreation and outdoor life in the study area. Many water related activities, such as swimming, sailing, fishing, diving, kayaking and canoeing are conducted in the region Hamnefjaerden, Kraakelund and a walking track called Ostkustleden are three other places in the study area which are popular for outdoor life. SKB and OKG facilities are also visited by many tourists. Disturbances to the recreation and outdoor life during construction and operation of a final repository and a interim storage facility will occur in the form of increased noise and movement in the area, mostly from the traffic. The consequences of these disturbances are: Decreased serenity, which will probably decrease the enjoyment value for the people spending time in the area. The final repository in Laxemar will likely require road access that will cross the walking track. Various prevention and compensation measures, such as noise restrictions and a new section of the walking track at Ostkustleden, are suggested to minimise and/or mitigate the consequences. Also measures that increase the value of recreation and outdoor life are listed, for example an exhibition about the areas nature and culture. Specific compensation and mitigation measures will be outlined in the next design step.

  12. A systems study of the waste management system in Gothenburg. Part of the project: Thermal and biological waste treatment in a systems perspective; Systemstudie Avfall i Goeteborg. Delprojekt i Termisk och biologisk avfallsbehandling i ett systemperspektiv

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bisaillon, Mattias; Sundberg, Johan; Haraldsson, Maarten; Norrman Eriksson, Ola

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of the project A system study of waste management in Gothenburg is to evaluate new waste treatment options for municipal and industrial waste from a system perspective. The project has been carried out as a part of the project Thermal and biological waste treatment in a systems perspective - WR21. The focus is set to the waste and district heating system in Gothenburg. The project has been running for 2,5 years with an active group consisting of persons from Renova, Kretsloppskontoret, Goeteborg Energi, Gryaab and Profu. The work on development of models and of methods of handling strategic questions within the field has gone back and forth within the group. This report focuses on presenting the final results from the project, which means that the process in which we've excluded several treatment options and scenarios are only briefly described

  13. Säkra drivningsbyten på bandtransportör : Konceptframtagning av ett säkert drivningsbyte på transportband i närheten av roterande produktband

    OpenAIRE

    Jonas, Brännare

    2016-01-01

    The report deals with a concept development of safe driving changes in the pelletizing plants KK2 / KK3 LKAB. Because of security risk with a conveyor belt are so close by the band that being renovated the adjacent band has to be stopped. Since the entire production is dependent on the conveyor belt which are adjacent. This means huge economic losses for the company. Therefore, it is desirable to avoid this renovation, and this is why a concept to avoid this are required. The concept is desig...

  14. Muusikamaailm : Festivalid. Brüsselis võitis Baiba Skride. Gütersloh' konkursi parimad. Kuues tenor ئ Salvatore Licitra. Raimo Sirkiä Savonlinna ette / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    Festivalidest ئ Drottningholmi lossifestivalist, Verdi festivalidest San Francisco Ooperis ja Taani Kunglikus Ooperis, Glyndebourne'i ooperifestivalist. B.Skride võitis Kuninganna Elisabethi nim. rahvusvahelise viiuldajate konkursi. Saksamaal Gütersloh's toimunud Bertelsmanni Fondi korraldatatava lauljate rahvusvahelise konkursi laureaatidest. S.Licitra on tõusev täht tenorite seas. R.Sirkiä valiti Savonlinna ooperifestivalide uueks kunstiliseks juhiks alates 2003. aastast

  15. Consequences of the quota requirement for energy efficiency. Can a Swedish quota obligation systems give less energy usage?; Konsekvenser av kvotplikt foer energieffektivisering. Kan ett svenskt kvotpliktssystem ge mindre energianvaendning?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bjoerkroth, Sara; Bladh, Mats; Holmberg, Rurik; Lock, Anna; Naderi, Ronak; Widerstroem, Glenn

    2012-11-01

    The Agency has on behalf of the government investigated what the consequences would be of the introduction of a compulsory quota system in Sweden. Under the proposed new EU directive on energy efficiency, all Member States should introduce a compulsory quota system, where energy companies actively initiate measures for energy efficiency among end users. In Sweden, a quota obligation system of this kind would mean energy efficiency of about 3 TWh per year, which can be difficult to achieve. The Swedish Energy Agency suggests that if a compulsory quota system is introduced, the quota obligation should be placed on the network companies. If not, there is a risk of complications in the Swedish and Nordic electricity market. The Energy Markets Inspectorate consider that the quota obligation can not be on the network companies because of their function as regulated monopoly. The Swedish Energy Agency suggests that efficiency measures can be implemented in all sectors, including transport.

  16. Nya former för lärande: Leken som ett redskap i lärandet i miljö i grundskolans tidigare årskurser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christel Persson

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to show how play, as a dimension in teaching and learning, can act as catalystin learning in environmental issues. The research question is how primary school children use scientificand technological conceptions in order to describe and understand environmental contexts. In thisarticle nine-year-old boys and girls deal with conceptions like food-chains and food-webs but alsowhether man is part of nature or not. The analysis is based on metacognitive dialogues where thescience teacher and the children are interacting. The discussion points out what possibilities andboundaries play as a tool can provide in teaching and learning in environmental education.

  17. Inläsning av match- och dragningsinformation med användning av node.js : Ett arbete utfört vid företaget Svenska spel

    OpenAIRE

    Olsson, Rasmus; Ramadanovic, Alen

    2013-01-01

    Detta examensarbete har genomförts hos det statliga spelföretaget Svenska Spel i Sundbyberg. Svenska Spel har övervägt att använda sig av en ny plattform, Node.js, för att utveckla sina läsmoduler som läser match- och dragningsinformation. Idag används läsmoduler implementerade i programmeringsspråken C# och C för detta ändamål. Svenska Spel vill nu ha en utvärdering av hur lämpligt det är för dem att använda Node.js implementerade läsmoduler. Målet med detta examensarbete har varit att under...

  18. Vindkraft och elbilar på Öland år 2020 : Är smart laddning av elbilar lösningen på ett framtida flaskhalsproblem?

    OpenAIRE

    Martinsson, Fredrik

    2009-01-01

    The Island of Öland has one of the best wind climates for land based wind power in Sweden. An objective for the Island is to become self sufficient using electricity from renewable source of energy such as wind. There is currently 55 MW capacity installed on the Island and it is estimated that grid congestion will occasionally occur if more than 135 MW was installed. The aim of this thesis is to investigate he possibilities for load management by smart charging of electric vehicles, EV. The d...

  19. Fröåtjärns föroreningshistoria : Utredning av hur metallbelastningen varierat över tid med hjälp av sediment som ett naturligt historiearkiv

    OpenAIRE

    Lindqvist, Katrina

    2014-01-01

    The metal mining history goes thousands of years back. The downside of the mining industry is the large amount of tailings created during the mining operations. Drainage and leaching of heavy metals from these tailings may cause major environmental problems including acid mine drainage and leaching of heavy metals. This study examines a pond located near an old mining site, where part of the old mining facility has been recently (1990) restored. The objective was to assess eventual metal cont...

  20. SEB analüütik Ruta Arumäe: Eesti valitsus teeb majanduskriisiga võideldes Lätile ja Leedule silmad ette / Ruta Arumäe ; intervjueerinud Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arumäe, Ruta, 1976-

    2009-01-01

    SEB analüütiku hinnangul jätkub majanduse langus järgmise aasta lõpuni, kuid see toimub senisest aeglasemalt; töötus võib kasvada selle aasta lõpuks 14 protsendini. Taastumine saab alata ekspordile suunatud majandusharudest, uus majanduskasv saab alguse välisnõudluse taastumisest

  1. När verkligheten sätts ur spel : En kvalitativ studie om profesionella socialarbetares förhållningssätt till problematiskt datorspelande som ett beroende

    OpenAIRE

    Falk-Lundgren, Fredrik; Johnselius, Max

    2011-01-01

    This study examines how professional social workers relate to problematic computer and video gaming as an addiction. It is a qualitative interview study aimed to describe and analyze how professional social workers, who in some way work with problematic computer gaming, relate to the player’s problems in terms of a concept of dependency. The theoretical approach is based on social constructivist theories of discourses, normality, the definition of dependency and diagnoses. The study was condu...

  2. ”De är inte i samma verklighet som vi” : Medarbetares upplevelser av organisatoriska avstånd ur ett hierarkiskt perspektiv i samband med en organisationsförändring.

    OpenAIRE

    Charlott, Jakobsson; Alexander, Jansson; Ulrik, Kromnov

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine whether hierarchically defined groups differ in their perceptions of how organizational distance has changed following a radical organizational change that saw one hierarchical level eliminated from the organizations’ structure. Interviews were conducted with employees atdifferent hierarchical levels, from the same workplace, who all went through anorganizational change during the spring of 2013. The change initiative that was implemented consisted of t...

  3. HMI-Design of System Solutions in Control Rooms. Description of a Working Process from a Human-Machine Perspective; MMI-design av systemloesningar i kontrollrum. Arbetsprocess foer utformning utifraan ett maenniska-maskinperspektiv

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bligaard, Lars-Ola; Andersson, Jonas; Thunberg, Anna; Osvalder, Anna-Lisa

    2008-01-15

    To stay competitive, the process industry of today faces increasing demands of continuous development for efficient use of both technical and human resources. An important step is to create new useful technical solutions, which also bring demands on functionality and usability. Functionality means that the new technology fulfils its purpose, while usability means that the human operator knows how to handle the new technology. If any of these two components are inferior, the potential of new technology will never be fully utilized. Today, a growing amount of advanced information technology is being used in supervisory control, at the same time as the process complexity is increasing. The technology has thereby become more difficult to understand, supervise and control, when processes, connections and logics are not visible in the same way as earlier. An increased level of automation together with reduced work force is also a contributing factor. Due to this, human-machine interaction (HMI) has become a more important aspect of quality in the development of new technology. From the operators' point of view, it is important that the development takes place with an increased transparency of the technical system, as well as reduction of the amount of information that has to be processed by the operator. To achieve a good human-machine interaction, it has to be considered during all phases in the development process of control room design. It is important that relevant hand-books and guidelines are used, but also a working process, which describes how the development work should be performed and the relationship between different parts in the process. The aim of this project was to present a general report in Swedish, which describes a working process for development of useful operator interfaces, work tasks, instructions, and working environments. The report is primarily aimed for the process industry, but can be useful in all other areas including interaction between operators and machines. The content can be used both for new development projects and for upgrading of already existing control room designs. The main target group for the report is the development engineers at the plant, who work close to the supplier, and the people who should plan and guide the development work in the control room. The purpose of the report is to deliver knowledge about how to consider a human-machine perspective in the development process. The report presents what is important to consider, but does not in detail show design solutions. The report is also a usable tool for those people who should do the actual screen designs, but then it should be used together with hand-book data and guide-lines referred to. The report begins with a description of basic concepts and definitions within the area of HMI. This is followed by a description of the HMI development working process. The working process includes five steps; planning, requirements, conceptual design, detailed design, and commissioning. The steps also include methodology for data collection and evaluation. Finally, the handbook also contains short summaries of the different steps in the working process, where important points to consider are brought forward

  4. Gestaltningar av genus i förskolemiljö : En kvalitativ text- och bildanalys av hur genus gestaltas i ett bestämt urval av bilderböcker

    OpenAIRE

    Jessica, Karlsson

    2018-01-01

    The study is a qualitative literature analysis with the purpose of examining how children and preschool pedagogues were portrayed in picture books that take place in the preschool environment, based on gender perspectives. To define the material, books that take place in the preschool environment had been selected. The purpose of the study was also to examine how relationships between children and preschool pedagogues were portrayed, from a gender perspective. And whether there was a differen...

  5. Empowermentprocesser – ett sätt att öka långtidssjukskrivna kvinnors resurser? : En studie om att återta balansen i arbetslivet att återta balansen i arbetslivet

    OpenAIRE

    Larsson, Ann-Christine

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the thesis is to understand and explain how a group of women have ended up on the long-term sick-list and how a return to working life can be brought about. Support for their return is organized within the framework of a R&D project within the EU-program EQUAL, where empowerment is one of the key principles. The research has been carried out using an interactive approach in close collaboration with the women in the project who have been signed-off long-term on medical grounds. ...

  6. Ett varumärkets styrka och dess distribution : en studie genomförd med utgångspunkt från varumärken som säljer en livsstil

    OpenAIRE

    Ahlström, Louise; Hjelm, Caroline

    2001-01-01

    Background: A strong brand is becoming an increasingly important factor when surviving on a competitive market. A strong brand can therefore be considered a strategically important resource. The relationship between a brand's strength and its distribution can decide the future of a brand in the long run. Lifestyle branding is becoming a more popular way of differentiating ones brand from the competition. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to identify factors which according to the lifest...

  7. BECCS as a climate measure. A report on carbon dioxide storage from biomass in a Swedish-Norwegian perspective; BECCS som klimataatgaerd. En rapport om koldioxidlagring fraan biomassa i ett svensk-norskt perspektiv

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karlsson, Henrik; Bystroem, Lennart; Wiklund, Josef

    2010-09-15

    As the economic costs for combating the threat of climate change are considerable, accurate priorities have to be set and economic efficiency must be sought. On this basis, this report aims at examining the Swedish and Norwegian opportunities and potential for geologic storage of carbon dioxide from biomass, or BECCS (Bio Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage). So-called biogenic carbon dioxide is part of the renewable carbon cycle. Carbon dioxide is extracted from the atmosphere into trees and crops as they grow, and is released when they are combusted or decompose. Therefore, biogenic carbon dioxide does not contribute to the increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. On the contrary, these emissions may become part of the solution to the climate problem. When carbon dioxide that has been captured from the atmosphere by biomass is stored geologically, a flow of carbon from the atmosphere into the underground is created. With a scientific term, this is called negative emissions, or permanent carbon dioxide sinks. Since we already today have a level of 390 ppm of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and this level is rising by 2 ppm per year, negative emissions are vital if we are to achieve climate targets such as 350 or 400 ppm. Due to the large amount of biomass that is processed in the pulp industry as well as the use of biomass for energy production, there are several and large point sources of biogenic carbon dioxide emissions in Sweden. The 61 largest Swedish plants are together emitting more than 31 million tons of biogenic carbon dioxide per year. In Norway, these industries are significantly smaller with the major point emissions of biogenic carbon amounting to less than 2 million tons per year. Because of this the continued analysis focuses on Swedish emissions. However, there are very good opportunities for carbon dioxide storage in the Norwegian part of the North Sea. This is not the case in Sweden. Suitable conditions for carbon dioxide storage are limited to the very south of Sweden. The storage potential in the Norwegian formations is equivalent to thousands of years of Swedish biogenic emissions. Using existing technology, carbon dioxide from Swedish biogenic sources can be separated and shipped by boat to Norwegian storage formations. Storage in the North Sea has been successfully tested for more than ten years and carbon dioxide is shipped by boat across the Baltic Sea already today. At a cost of 700-900 Swedish crowns (approx. Euro 75-95) per ton, 27.5 million tons of carbon dioxide from Swedish biogenic sources could be stored annually by 2020. The potential amount increases to 30.0 million tons per year by 2030, while the cost is estimated to decrease by several hundred crowns per ton. There is are also a possibility to achieve costs below 500 crowns (approx. Euro 45) per ton already by 2020 for the smaller amounts of carbon dioxide of 400 000 to 2 million tons which can be captured from ethanol production and black liquor gasification. From an international perspective, the costs of climate action in Sweden are relatively high. In this report we compare BECCS with three earlier studies to put the costs and potentials into context. Compared with the measures presented in a report by Svenskt Naeringsliv and management consulting firm McKinsey, BECCS is a larger measure than all other Swedish measures combined. In addition, the technology allows for fulfillment of the climate goals of both political coalitions, and this at a cost of less than one thousand crowns per ton. In comparison to a study published by the think tank Fores, it is deemed unlikely that BECCS in Sweden could be financed by the European Union emission trading scheme. However, it is a very competitive method for achieving domestic climate targets. The cost of BECCS falls below today's gasoline tax and is far below the future costs of carbon dioxide emissions in the transport sector. Compared with the costs of alternative measures to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide in the transport sector, BECCS can save 20-50 billion crown s per year according to Fores' calculation method. The third study that we have included in our comparison is a report released by IVA (the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences), in which a path to zero emissions by 2043 is outlined for Sweden. When BECCS is introduced into the model, Sweden can reach net zero emissions already by 2030. Thereafter, a number of measures in combination with BECCS can make Sweden achieve net negative emissions, i.e. that Sweden as a nation is removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Finally, it should be noted that there are currently no measures, initiatives or incentives to exploit BECCS technology in Sweden. If we are to achieve the necessary climate goals, reach them faster and with the best economic efficiency, serious and determined investments in BECCS in Sweden are needed soon

  8. Endotracheal tubes and fluid aspiration: an in vitro evaluation of new cuff technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariyaselvam, Maryanne Z; Marsh, Lucy L; Bamford, Sarah; Smith, Ann; Wise, Matt P; Williams, David W

    2017-03-04

    Aspiration of subglottic secretions past the endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff is a prerequisite for developing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Subglottic secretion drainage (SSD) ETTs reduce aspiration of subglottic secretions and have demonstrated lower VAP rates. We compared the performance of seven SSD ETTs against a non-SSD ETT in preventing aspiration below inflated cuffs. ETTs were positioned vertically in 2 cm diameter cylinders. Four ml of a standard microbial suspension was added above inflated cuffs. After 1 h, aspiration was measured and ETTs demonstrating no leakage were subjected to rotational movement and evaluation over 24 h. Collected aspirated fluid was used to inoculate agar media and incubated aerobically at 37 °C for 24 h. The aspiration rate, volume and number of microorganisms that leaked past the cuff was measured. Experiments were repeated (×10) for each type of ETT, with new ETTs used for each repeat. Best performing ETTs were then tested in five different cylinder diameters (1.6, 1.8, 2.0, 2.2 and 2.4 cm). Experiments were repeated as above using sterile water. Volume and time taken for aspiration past the cuff was measured. Experiments were repeated (×10) for each type of ETT. Results were analysed using non-parametric tests for repeated measures. The PneuX ETT prevented aspiration past the cuff in all experiments. All other ETTs allowed aspiration, with considerable variability in performance. The PneuX ETT was statistically superior in reducing aspiration compared to the SealGuard (p aspiration across the range of diameters compared to the SealGuard (p aspiration, relating to cuff material and design. Variability in performance was likely due to the random manner in which involutional folds form in the inflated ETT cuff. The PneuX ETT was the only ETT able to consistently prevent aspiration past the cuff in all experiments.

  9. SMILE Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Appelquist, Joakim; Ekelin, Annelie; Jila, Florian; Hallqvist, Klas

    2003-01-01

    The mobile service "SMILE" supporting care of the elderly is evaluated from an economic as well as an work practice perspective. SMILE Revisited beskriver utvecklingen, införandet och avvecklingen av ett system för mobilt stöd för hemtjänsten. Systemet analyseras dels ur ett ekonomiskt perspektiv, dels ur ett arbetsvetenskapligt perspektiv.

  10. Endotracheal tube cuff pressures and tube position in critically injured patients on arrival at a referral centre: Avoidable harm?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy C. Hardcastle

    2016-03-01

    Conclusion: Most patients, whether intubated on-scene or at hospital have ETT cuff pressures that are excessive, with the potential for ischaemic necrosis of the tracheal mucosa. ETT cuff manometry should be standard of care for all prehospital and in-hospital intubations where the tube will remain in situ for any prolonged period of time. Before inter-facility transfer ETT position should be confirmed radiologically.

  11. Õpetajaks õppimas / Mari-Helene Kaber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaber, Mari-Helene

    2008-01-01

    Humana People to people liikumise poolt loodud õpetajate koolitamise võrgustikust, mis tegutseb Angolas, Mosambiigis ja Malawis ja kus valmistatakse ette õpetajaid peamiselt maapiirkondade koolidesse

  12. Design i spel : utbildningsspel för designstudenter

    OpenAIRE

    Härnström, Gustaf

    2011-01-01

    Det finns idag behov till en undervisningsform som på ett roligt och enkelt sätt engagerar studenter till att lära sig om design. Studenter är olika och behöver olika undervisningsformer. Problemet löses via ett brädspel som är kunskapsgivande vilket får studenter engagerade. Under tio veckor har jag arbetat med ett testbrädspel för designstudenter som ett komplement till designundervisningen. Jag har intervjuat folk om design och skaffat mig kunskaper om hur en yrkesverksam designers tillvar...

  13. Estonian central bank sees euro as stabilizing force

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Riigikogu rahanduskomisjoni esindajad teatasid, et Eesti Pank on valmistanud ette lisameetmeid tugevdamaks Eesti rahandussektorit ning näeb eurotsooniga liitumises võtit Eesti majanduse stabiilsusele

  14. The concordance of ultrasound technique versus X-ray to confirm endotracheal tube position in neonates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowdhry, R; Dangman, B; Pinheiro, J M B

    2015-07-01

    Given the distressingly high incidence of ETT malposition in the neonatal population, patients are exposed to ionizing radiation to confirm endotracheal tube (ETT) position. Our objective is to determine if ultrasound technique is concordant with X-ray in determining whether an ETT is deeply positioned or not. Prospective observational clinical trial. After obtaining informed consent, patients with an ETT who required X-ray for clinical reasons underwent sonographic evaluation of the ETT by an ultrasound technologist or pediatric radiologist, usually within the hour. A total of 56 image pairs were obtained from 29 patients. Ninety-eight percent of the ultrasound/X-ray image pairs were suitable for analysis. The concordance of ultrasound with X-ray to identify deeply and not deeply positioned ETTs was 95% (53/56). The sensitivity of ultrasound to detect deeply positioned ETTs on X-ray was 86% (6/7). The specificity of ultrasound to detect ETTs that were not deeply positioned on X-ray was 96% (47/49). As the largest clinical trial of its kind to date, with the greatest number of ultrasound operators, we have further established US as a feasible imaging modality to determine whether an ETT is deeply positioned or not.

  15. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1DIEA-2GVEA [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1DIEA-2GVEA 1DIE 2GVE A A --VQPTPADHFTFGLWTVGWTGADPFGVATRKNLDPVEAVHKLAELGAYGITFHDNDLIPFDATEAEREKILGDFNQALKDTGLKVPMVTTNLFSHPVFKDGGFTSNDRSIRRFALAKVLHNIDLAAEMGAETFVMWGGREGSEYDG...in> 1DIE A 1DIEA ETT

  16. We should care more about intracuff pressure: The actual situation in government sector teaching hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopa Trivedi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Endotracheal tube (ETT should have intracuff pressure (ICP in the range of 20 to 30 cm water (H 2 O. In this observational study, we studied the trend amongst anaesthesiologist in choosing the type of ETT and their ability to assess optimum ICP clinically. After institutional ethics committee approval, we observed 75 patients under general endotracheal anaesthesia in Government Medical College. Anaesthesiologists were blinded to study purpose. The type of ETT used and magnitude of ICP was recorded. ICP was measured using simple aneroid manometer. Once the pressure was measured, it was readjusted to normal range and nitrous oxide was allowed to start. Red rubber tube was used in 18.7% and polyvinyl chloride (PVC in 81.3% cases. The anaesthesiologists were not able to assess ICP in the recommended range clinically in 100% cases when red rubber ETT was used and in 40% cases when portex ETT was used. Red rubber ETT (reusable with low-volume high-pressure cuff is still in use, though the trend is shifting towards more of using PVC ETT. Anaesthesiologists were not able to inflate the ETT cuff to the recommended range in spite of their clinical expertise (more than 5 years of teaching experience in significant number of cases. We recommend the use of simple aneroid manometer for objective monitoring of ICP over subjective assessment, not only in red rubber, but also in PVC ETT.

  17. An expiratory assist during spontaneous breathing can compensate for endotracheal tube resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchiyama, Akinori; Chang, Cheng; Suzuki, Shinya; Mashimo, Takashi; Fujino, Yuji

    2009-08-01

    Although inspiratory assist of spontaneous breathing in intubated patients is common, expiratory assist functions have rarely been reported. Effective expiratory support (ES) could be used to compensate for endotracheal tube (ETT) resistance during spontaneous breathing. In this study, we examined the performance of a new system designed to provide both inspiratory support (IS) and ES during spontaneous breathing with the goal of reducing the effective resistance of the ETT. The ES system consisted of a ventilator demand valve and a computer-controlled piston cylinder, which aspirated gas from the respiratory circuit during the expiratory phase. The movement of the piston was synchronized with spontaneous breathing. We compared the pressures at the tip of the ETT and in the breathing circuit during spontaneous breathing through an ETT of internal diameter (ID) 5 mm with that of an ETT with ID 8 mm in nine healthy adult male volunteers. The ventilatory mode was set to maintain a continuous airway pressure of 0 cm H(2)O. Three ventilator settings (no support, IS only, and IS plus ES) were compared using ID 5 mm ETT. We monitored pressure in the breathing circuit (P(aw)), ETT tip pressure (P(tip)), and respiratory flow. The P(tip) of the ID 5 mm ETT showed a large negative deflection during inspiration and a positive deflection during expiration without support. IS alone did not improve the respiratory pattern through the small ETT. However, IS plus ES resulted in negative P(aw) during expiration in addition to positive deflection of P(aw) during inspiration, making the pressure characteristics of P(tip) similar to those of ID 8 mm ETT. Moreover, IS plus ES produced a respiratory pattern through the ID 5 mm ETT that was similar to that through the ID 8 mm ETT. In this study of healthy volunteers, IS plus ES compensated for the airway resistance imposed by a ID 5.0 mm ETT to create pressure changes at the tip of the ETT similar to those of an ID 8.0 mm ETT.

  18. Randomized Pilot Trial of Two Modified Endotracheal Tubes To Prevent Ventilator-associated Pneumonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deem, Steven; Yanez, David; Sissons-Ross, Laura; Broeckel, Jo Ann Elrod; Daniel, Stephen; Treggiari, Miriam

    2016-01-01

    Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a prevalent and costly nosocomial infection related to instrumentation of the airway with an endotracheal tube (ETT), enabling microaspiration of contaminated secretions. Modification of the ETT design to reduce microaspiration and/or biofilm formation may play an important role in VAP prevention. However, there is insufficient evidence to provide strong recommendations regarding the use of modified ETT and unaddressed safety concerns. We performed a pilot randomized controlled trial comparing two modified ETTs designed specifically to prevent VAP, with the standard ETT, to test the feasibility of and inform planning for a large, pivotal, randomized trial. This study was conducted with institutional review board approval under exception from informed consent. We randomized in a blinded fashion patients undergoing emergency endotracheal intubation both out of and in hospital to receive one of three different ETT types: (1) a polyurethane-cuffed tube (PUC-ETT), (2) a polyurethane-cuffed tube equipped with a port for continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions (PUC-CASS-ETT), or a (3) standard polyvinylchloride-cuffed tube (PVC-ETT). In addition to investigating feasibility and safety, the study coprimary end points were tracheal bacterial colonization reaching a cfu count >10(6) cfu per milliliter and the incidence of invasively diagnosed VAP. A total of 102 subjects were randomized and met the eligibility criteria. Randomization procedures performed well and integrity of blinding at randomization was maintained. The majority of intubations occurred in the hospital setting (n = 77), and the remainder occurred out of hospital (n = 25). Compared with the PVC-ETT, there were no significant differences in tracheal colonization for PUC-ETT (odds ratio [OR], 0.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.31-3.09) or for PUC-CASS-ETT (OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 0.42-3.76). There were no differences in the risk of invasively diagnosed VAP

  19. Endotracheal tube resistance and inertance in a model of mechanical ventilation of newborns and small infants—the impact of ventilator settings on tracheal pressure swings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hentschel, Roland; Buntzel, Julia; Guttmann, Josef; Schumann, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    Resistive properties of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) are particularly relevant in newborns and small infants who are generally ventilated through ETTs with a small inner diameter. The ventilation rate is also high and the inspiratory time (ti) is short. These conditions effectuate high airway flows with excessive flow acceleration, so airway resistance and inertance play an important role. We carried out a model study to investigate the impact of varying ETT size, lung compliance and ventilator settings, such as peak inspiratory pressure (PIP), positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) and inspiratory time (ti) on the pressure–flow characteristics with respect to the resistive and inertive properties of the ETT. Pressure at the Y piece was compared to direct measurement of intratracheal pressure (P trach ) at the tip of the ETT, and pressure drop (ΔP ETT ) was calculated. Applying published tube coefficients (Rohrer's constants and inertance), P trach was calculated from ventilator readings and compared to measured P trach using the root-mean-square error. The most relevant for ΔP ETT was the ETT size, followed by (in descending order) PIP, compliance, ti and PEEP, with gas flow velocity being the principle in common for all these parameters. Depending on the ventilator settings ΔP ETT exceeded 8 mbar in the smallest 2.0 mm ETT. Consideration of inertance as an additional effect in this setting yielded a better agreement of calculated versus measured P trach than Rohrer's constants alone. We speculate that exact tracheal pressure tracings calculated from ventilator readings by applying Rohrer's equation and the inertance determination to small size ETTs would be helpful. As an integral part of ventilator software this would (1) allow an estimate of work of breathing and implementation of an automatic tube compensation, and (2) be important for gentle ventilation in respiratory care, especially of small infants, since it enables the physician to

  20. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 601 - 650 of 985 ... Vol 14 (2009), On a lightly damped elastic quadratic model structure modulated by a dynamic periodic load, Abstract. AM Ette. Vol 20, No 1 (2012), On a Numerical ... AM Ette. Vol 16 (2010), On A Two-Stage Supply Chain Model In The Manufacturing Industry, Abstract. BE Afolabi, OG Iyam, CR Nwozo.

  1. Endotracheal tube verification in adult mechanically ventilated patients

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To explore the methods that can be used to verify endotracheal tube (ETT) placement in adult mechanically ventilated patients. ... bilateral auscultation of chest and palpation of symmetrical chest movements, oesophageal detector devices, visualisation of the ETT, use of chest X-ray, pulse oximetry and capnography.

  2. Epithelioid trophoblastic tumour: A case report and review of the literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.M.L.H. Vencken (Peggy); P.C. Ewing (Patricia); R.P. Zweemer (Ronald )

    2006-01-01

    textabstractEpithelioid trophoblastic tumour (ETT) is an unusual type of trophoblastic tumour, which can cause difficulties in diagnosis and (as a consequence) in treatment. The literature suggests that surgery should be the treatment of choice for ETT as it is not responsive to chemotherapeutic

  3. Factors leading to self-extubation of endotracheal tubes in the intensive care unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yuan-Ting

    2009-01-01

    To discuss the factors leading to self-extubation of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) and explore the differences between the groups of patients who did and did not self-remove their ETTs. Self-extubation of ETTs has been reported to occur in 4.2% of severely ill patients and is associated with adverse medical effects. A case-control study. One hundred and thirty-nine subjects were recruited from a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan based on purposive sampling. The rate of self-extubation of ETTs was 6.4%. Analysis of the two groups demonstrated that significant variables were identified and fell into three categories: (1) the department to which the patient was admitted (p self-extubation of the ETT. Among the 44 patients who had self-extubation of their ETT, 28 met the criteria to be extubated, 70% and 81.8% of whom were not sedated, and self-extubation of their ETT was conscious of the act. Of the patients who attempted to self-remove their ETT, 80% were successful and 93.2% did not incur any adverse medical effects. The medical doctor and nurse should fully evaluate a patient's oxygenation status, decrease the length of the extubation training session for patients and extubate patients promptly when extubation criteria are met. Adopting a proactive approach to patient extubation will improve the overall quality of care.

  4. Teateid Eestist Läänemere läänekaldal / Anu Saluäär

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saluäär, Anu, 1948-

    2008-01-01

    Hans Dahlbergi raamatust "Läänemeri. Võitlus ühe mere pärast 862-1990" (Östersjön. Kampen om ett hav 862-1990), Mats Miljandi teosest "Maaletulek" (Landstigning) ning Maarja Talgre raamatust "Leo - vastupanu surmani" (Leo - ett estniskt öde). - Varem ilmunud: Looming 1991, nr. 1

  5. Förpackning av keramiska substrat

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsson, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Detta examensarbete handlar om forpackning av keramiska substrat. Canning ar det universella namnet pa forpackning av keramiska substrat. Keramiska substrat kan vara katalysatorer eller partikelfilter som anvands som ett efterbehandlingssystem i bensin och Diesel applikationer. Examensarbetet genomfordes hos Scania CV AB. I installationsprocessen sveps en keramisk fibermatta runt det keramiska substratet. Substratet inkapslas sedan med ett metalholje. Rapporten inleds med att beskriva olika i...

  6. Grrlziner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ladendorf, Martina

    -feministiska strömningar som riot grrrl och annan tredje vågen-feminism. Efter en inledande textanalys av elva grrlziner studeras de svenska grrlzinerna Darling och Corky, ur både ett producent- och ett användarperspektiv, samt textanalytiskt. Fokus ligger på vilka identiteter som konstrueras av de båda tidningarna. I...

  7. Silver-coated endotracheal tubes for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tokmaji, George; Vermeulen, Hester; Müller, Marcella C. A.; Kwakman, Paulus H. S.; Schultz, Marcus J.; Zaat, Sebastian A. J.

    2015-01-01

    Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common nosocomial infections in intubated and mechanically ventilated patients. Endotracheal tubes (ETTs) appear to be an independent risk factor for VAP. Silver-coated ETTs slowly release silver cations. It is these silver ions that appear to

  8. Children's Implicit Learning of Graphotactic and Morphological Regularities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacton, Sbastien; Fayol, Michel; Perruchet, Pierre

    2005-01-01

    In French, the transcription of the same sound can be guided by both probabilistic graphotactic constraints (e.g., t is more often transcribed ette after -v than after -f) and morphological constraints (e.g., t is always transcribed ette when used as a diminutive suffix). Three experiments showed that pseudo-word spellings of 8-to 11-year-old…

  9. Unduski näidend soome keeles

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Jaan Unduski näidend "Good-bye, Vienna" tõlgiti soome keelde ja loeti ette festivalil "Baltic Circle". Samal üritusel loeti ette ka lätlase Inga Abele ja leedulase Marius Ivashkevichiuse näidendeid

  10. Operators tool to control fibre quality in the production of CTMP/TMP in an energy efficient way. New view shows a potential to reduce energy input; Operatoersverktyg foer styrning av fiberkvalitet vid tillverkning av CTMP/TMP paa ett energieffektivt saett. Ny syn visar paa potential foer energibesparing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferritsius, Olof; Johansson, Ola; Ferritsius, Rita

    2011-10-15

    The main objective of the project was to provide operators in the two factories the opportunity to more actively identify causes of variations in energy efficiency in the production of TMP and CTMP. To achieve this, it was done in collaboration with the Umeaa Inst. of Design at Umeaa Univ., new types of operator interfaces that clearly demonstrate when changes are about to occur in the process variables respectively quality variables. In addition, a method was developed to calculate the energy efficiency on-line with regard to quality.

  11. Future scenarios and research needs for the power system - as viewed from a systems perspective. Final report from the Elforsk project: Roadmap for the development of the power system; Framtidsbilder och forskningsbehov foer elsystemet - Sett ur ett systemperspektiv. Slutrapport fraan Elforsks projekt: Roadmap foer elsystemets utveckling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haegermark, Harald (CHH Consulting, Jaerfaella (Sweden)); Ryden, Bo (Profu AB, Moelndal (Sweden))

    2009-09-15

    The project has mainly consisted of analysing a number of pictures/scenarios of the future and from these pictures identifying important strategic issues for the Elforsk companies. From these issues a number of research areas in different time perspectives have been identified. The pictures/scenarios of the future have been based on EUs so called '20-objectives' for the year 2020 and a number of scenarios based on how to reach these objectives have been analysed as to their consequences for the stationary Nordic energy system. Identifying important research areas to treat at the present time also require a longer time perspective than the year 2020, which is the basis for the EU objectives. Also in this longer time perspective, important driving forces for the development of the energy systems are: - Sustainability, security of supply, the climate issue in both an international (especially EUs) and a Swedish perspective. The focus may come to shift between these issues. Stronger international agreements will be required. The international negotiations about a new climate agreement after Kyoto are imminent. - According to most expert opinions, energy will become more expensive during the coming decades than at present. Competition between different forms of energy will change by different mechanisms, (e.g. further developed ETS system, increasing prices on fossil fuels, taxes). Renewable forms of energy will become more competitive. - In Sweden, the issues connected with replacement of the present nuclear capacity will increasingly become more important. The needs for knowledge will increase on different options and not least of the systems issues concerned. The report presents a large number of research areas foremost on horizontal and systems issues relevant to Elforsk's programme area for Strategies and Systems but also on issues more specific to Elforsk's other program areas. We hope that the horizontal and systems approach taken in the project will be helpful also for the planning of Elforsk's programme areas and for the coordination between these areas. The continued processing of the research proposals presented will as usual be carried out in Elforsk's program councils. - Research on energy and environmental policy measures is important. Broader analyses than solely with the use of energy system models are required especially of economic aspects. New business models will come into play. - The great importance of transmission and distribution grids to reach the EU objectives and to exploit the possibilities for the export of electric power. Large investments in the grids of all voltage levels will be required to make it possible for the grids to handle large amounts of renewable power generation, particularly from wind power. Deeper analyses will have to be done on the prerequisites for an increased electricity export. - Balancing power capacity for particularly wind power and how this issue should be resolved if present nuclear power capacity will not be replaced with new nuclear power capacity at the same sites as the present. - How to replace the present nuclear power capacity is a key issue. Two of the oldest power plants may be shut down for economic reasons already in the time frame 2020-2025. - There is a ceiling for the use of bio energy in the district heating systems. New form of competition on bio energy may arise if second generation biofuels for the transportation sector are introduced on a large scale. - The interest for hybrid vehicles has increased strongly as well as the interest for Smart Grids. One question is how Smart Grids can be handled within the conditions of a deregulated electricity market. - The interest for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) for power plants has increased strongly internationally not least within the EU program, but may not be so relevant for Sweden. However, CCS for energy intensive industries may become an important option. Furthermore, CCS may come to have an essential indirect importance to Sweden through international electricity markets. Important and decisive conditions for the energy systems change continuously. Therefore there are good reasons for updating the report in a year or so

  12. Streamingtjänster av film och dess framtida utveckling som substitut för illegal nedladdning : Konsumenternas syn på digitala tjänster och de förbättringar som krävs för ett hållbart paradigmskifte

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson Ranta, Erik; Freskgård, Markus

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we aim to delve deeper into the film industry and how their approach to streaming services such as Netflix might be the solution to the problems with piracy (people downloading illegally instead of paying for the products) - but before they can change the mindset of people, they have to overcome some issues that might make it hard for the film industry to adapt a fully functionable streaming sollution in the veins of Spotify. To come up with some conclusions regarding this matte...

  13. Consequences of increased extraction of forest fuel - A synthesis from the Energy Agency fuel program 2007-2011 Summary of the Synthesis Report; Konsekvenser av ett oekat uttag av skogsbraensle - En syntes fraan Energimyndighetens braensleprogram 2007-2011 Sammanfattning av syntesrapporten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-07-01

    This report summarizes the findings of a research synthesis of forest fuels. The full report (de Jong et al 2012) can be ordered from the Swedish Energy Agency (report number: ER 2012:08), or downloaded from www.energimyndigheten.se. The Energy Agency's research program 'Sustainable supply and refining of biofuels', also known as 'Fuel program', ran from 2007-01-01 to 2011-06-30. The results of the program are reported in synthesis reports for various program areas. The purpose of the synthesis reports is to compile the knowledge in various areas, to identify knowledge gaps that need to be elucidated further, and to place and discuss the aggregated research results in a larger energy- and societal perspective, including relations to environmental quality and forest policy environmental- and production goals. This report covers sub-project 'Forest fuel and environmental impacts', conducted during the years 2007-2011. The report covers projects within the program 'Sustainable supply and refining of biofuels', adjacent individual projects funded by the Energy Agency and certain other national related activities.

  14. Fiktiivisen tekijähahmon roolit ja leikki maailmojen välisellä rajalla Lemony Snicketin Surkeiden sattumusten sarjassa : "Valitettavasti minun täytyy kertoa sinulle, että käsissäsi on erittäin epämiellyttävä kirja."

    OpenAIRE

    Parkkola, Isla

    2017-01-01

    Tarkastelen tutkielmassani Surkeiden sattumusten sarja -nimisen lastenkirjasarjan fiktiivisen tekijähahmon, Lemony Snicketin, rooleja sarjan maailman rakentumisen näkökulmasta. Niin Snicket kuin sarjakin ovat Daniel Handler -nimisen materiaalisen tekijän tuotosta, mutta itse kirjoista tämä ei käy ilmi. Snicket ei kuitenkaan ole vain Handlerin salanimi vaan myös kirjojen kertoja ja henkilöhahmo niiden maailmassa. Sarjan annetaan ymmärtää perustuvan Snicketin tutkimustyölle: kirjat ovat fiktiiv...

  15. İstanbul Piyasasında Halkın Temel Tüketim Maddelerinden Ette Fiyat İstikrarı Sorunu (1850-1918 The Problem of Price Stability in one of the Basic Consumer Goods: Meat in Istanbul Markets (1850-1918

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muharrem ÖZTEL

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important consumer goods that people living inIstanbul need was no doubt meat. Supply of sufficient quantity of meatfor the markets and having people with purchasing power of thisfoodstuff was an indispensible factor of the Ottoman provisioning policy.Based on this purpose, meat prices traditionally came to be determinedwithin the narh system. However, when the policy of imposing narh onmeat prices were left in the second half of the 19th century due to thefact that it narrowed the supply to the markets and caused an increasein prices, the prices turned out to be determined in parallel with thefree market circumstances as well as supply and demand accross theperiod 1850-1918. However “ensuring the stability of the price” in themeat market was a problem for the period we study as it was for theprevious periods. Although the Ottoman government displayedsensitivity for the issue, ensuring the stability of price in the meatmarket was really hard as much as crucial. In our survey period, therewere some complicated reasons to ensure the stability of the cost inmeat market, which could be specified as temporary and structural.Among the most significant problems were the seasonal husks due tothe animal diseases, ovine and cattle taxes, exportation, the cost oftransportation, herdsmen’s profiteering and the army suppliers’ badconducts. These factors covering the subject of the study caused adecrease in demand for meat in İstanbul and disrupted the stability ofprice. İstanbul halkının ihtiyaç duyduğu temel tüketim maddeleri içerisinde en önemlilerinden biri olan etin (ağnam eti piyasada bol ve halkın satın alma gücüne uygun seviyelerde olması İdare’nin takip ettiği iaşe politikasının gereğiydi. Bu amaçla 19. yüzyılın ikinci yarısına kadar et fiyatları geleneksel bir şekilde narh ile tespit edilmiştir. Ancak narhın piyasada arzı daralttığı ve fiyatları yükselttiği gerekçesiyle kaldırılması gereği, çeşitli merkezler tarafından dile getirilen bir eleştiri konusu olmuştur. Neticede çalışma dönemimizin başlarında fiyatlara narh koyma politikası terk edilmiş, et fiyatları artık serbest piyasa şartları altında arz ve talebe göre şekillenmeye başlamıştır. Bu yeni piyasa anlayışına rağmen et piyasasında “fiyat istikrarının sağlanması” narhın cari olduğu dönemlerde olduğu gibi çalışma dönemimiz boyunca da sorun olmaya devam etmiştir. İdare bu yolda gerekli hassasiyeti gösterse de et piyasasında fiyat istikrarının temini önemli olduğu oranda zor bir mücadele alanıydı. İncelenen dönemde İstanbul et piyasasında fiyat istikrarını sağlamayı zorlaştıran bir dizi geçici ve yapısal olarak nitelendirilebilecek nedenler söz konusudur. Bunlar içerisinde mevsimsel şartlar, hayvan hastalıkları nedeniyle zaman zaman ağnamda meydana gelen telefat, vergilerin, ihracatın, ulaşım maliyetlerinin etkileriyle birlikte celeplerin ihtikârı, ordu et müteahhitlerinin nizama uygun olmayan davranışları öne çıkan problemlerdi. Çalışmanın içeriğini oluşturan bu sorunlar, İstanbul’da et arzının azalmasına neden olup fiyatları yükseltmiş ve böylece fiyat istikrarını bozucu sonuçlar doğurmuştur.

  16. The effectiveness of an endotracheal tube holder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byung Gun Lim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The security of the endotracheal tube (ETT is important in the anesthesia and intensive care settings. Recently, an ETT holder instead of an adhesive tape is frequently used to provide the fixation of the ETT. There are some studies that focused on the effectiveness of the ETT holder in preventing displacement of ETT compared to an adhesive tape (1, 2. I have experienced the use of an ETT holder (E-holder, KS medical, Bucheon, Korea in many different anesthesia settings and recognized its usefulness and convenience other than ETT security in the following specific settings.  Firstly, the ETT holder is definitely effective for patients undergoing procedures that frequently require the adjustment of ETT (or double lumen tube location including thoracic surgery. The location of double lumen tube needed for lung separation can be modified for effective ventilation during anesthetic induction or surgery, and after position changes. The tube can be easily relocated to the proper place for lung separation and effective ventilation by unlocking/relocking the button of the ETT holder under flexible bronchoscopic guidance (Fig. 1A, which can facilitate the operative procedure to be performed easily and quickly. Secondly, the ETT holder can be useful in procedures requiring the prone position (3. Especially, it is useful in all circumstances requiring the adjustment of ETT in the prone position. For instance, it is definitely useful for patients with Duchene muscular dystrophy undergoing scoliosis surgery under prone position. Adolescent patients with Duchene muscular dystrophy frequently have tracheobronchial malacia. If so, the airway pressure can be elevated due to the narrowing of the lesion of malacia when changed to the prone position (4. To overcome this problem, a reinforced ETT should be relocated so that it passes the narrowed tracheal lesion under flexible bronchoscopic guidance (Fig. 1B. However, the approach for this management is somewhat

  17. Endotracheal tube defects: Hidden causes of airway obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofi Khalid

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Manufacturing defects of endotracheal tube (ETT are still encountered in anesthesia practice. Many such defects go unnoticed during routine inspection prior to their use. Such defects in ETT may lead to partial or complete airway obstruction in an intubated patient. We report a case of partial airway obstruction with a prepacked, single use, uncuffed ETT due to a manufacturing defect in the form of a plastic meniscus at the distal end of the tube. This case report highlights the significance of standard monitoring of ventilation and the role of a vigilant clinician in detecting such defects in avoiding critical events as can arise from the use of such defective ETTs. It also emphasizes the need for double checking ETTs prior to their use.

  18. Effects of anatomical position on esophageal transit time: A biomagnetic diagnostic technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordova-Fraga, Teodoro; Sosa, Modesto; Wiechers, Carlos; la Roca-Chiapas, Jose Maria De; Moreles, Alejandro Maldonado; Bernal-Alvarado, Jesus; Huerta-Franco, Raquel

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To study the esophageal transit time (ETT) and compare its mean value among three anatomical inclinations of the body; and to analyze the correlation of ETT to body mass index (BMI). METHODS: A biomagnetic technique was implemented to perform this study: (1) The transit time of a magnetic marker (MM) through the esophagus was measured using two fluxgate sensors placed over the chest of 14 healthy subjects; (2) the ETT was assessed in three anatomical positions (at upright, fowler, and supine positions; 90º, 45º and 0º, respectively). RESULTS: ANOVA and Tuckey post-hoc tests demonstrated significant differences between ETT mean of the different positions. The ETT means were 5.2 ± 1.1 s, 6.1 ± 1.5 s, and 23.6 ± 9.2 s for 90º, 45º and 0º, respectively. Pearson correlation results were r = -0.716 and P 0.05 according the subject’s BMI. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that using this biomagnetic technique, it is possible to measure the ETT and the effects of the anatomical position on the ETT. PMID:18837088

  19. Endotracheal tube displacement during cervical manipulation in the dog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quandt, J.E.; Robinson, E.P.; Walter, P.A.; Raffe, M.R.

    1993-01-01

    A retrospective study was performed to identify positional changes of endotracheal tubes (ETT) during cervical spine radiography in 153 dogs. Three neck positions were identified: traction, hyperextension, and flexion. A properly placed ETT was defined as having the caudal tip of the tube located between the caudal half of the fourth cervical (C) vertebra (C4) and the caudal half of C7. In the traction position, before neck flexion and extension, the caudal tip of 13% of ETT were located caudal to C7, and one tube was in the endobronchial position at the seventh thoracic (T) vertebra (T7). In the hyperextended position, 60% of ETT moved cranially. The average distance moved was 0.6 vertebral spaces. In the flexed position, all ETT moved caudally. The average distance moved was 3.5 vertebral spaces, with 81.8% of ETT located caudal to C7 and seven tubes in endobronchial positions. Endotracheal tube occlusion caused by kinking at the atlanto-occipital joint was seen in four dogs during flexion of the neck. Based on this study, ETT position should be monitored during cervical manipulation

  20. Förebyggande och rehabilitering av Osgood- Schlatter och Sinding-Larsen−Johanssons syndrom : Utformande av en handbok

    OpenAIRE

    Karenko, Sofia

    2016-01-01

    Detta arbete är ett praktiskt inriktat examensarbete där slutprodukten är en handbok med ett förebyggande och rehabiliterande träningsprogram för Osgood-Schlatter och Sinding-Larsen–Johanssons syndrom (SLJ). Syftet med arbetet är att öka kunskapen om syndromen och utforma ett träningsprogram som kan användas vid förebyggande och rehabiliteringen av dessa. Arbetet bygger på Vilkka och Airaksinens modell för praktiskt inriktat examensarbete som beskrivs i boken Toiminnallinen opinn...

  1. Hybrid SPECT/CT evaluation of dual ectopia of thyroid in the absence of orthotopic thyroid gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harisankar, Chidambaram Natrajan Balasubramanian; Preethi, Govindababu Rajalakshmi; George, Mv

    2012-06-01

    Ectopic thyroid tissue (ETT) refers to all cases in which the thyroid gland is present at a location other than its usual site. The prevalence of ETT is approximately 1 per 100,000 to 300,000 persons and is reported to occur in 1 of 4000 to 8000 patients with thyroid disease. Multiple ectopia of the thyroid is extremely rare, with fewer than 35 cases published in literature to date. We report a 4-year-old girl with euthyroid and dual ectopia of thyroid without orthotopic thyroid gland. The role of hybrid SPECT/CT in the localization of the sites of ETT is also highlighted.

  2. Ömsesidiga överenskommelser enligt skatteavtal

    OpenAIRE

    Sallander, Ann-Sophie

    2013-01-01

    Ömsesidiga överenskommelser (eng. mutual agreement procedures) återfinns huvudsakligen i artikel 25 OECD:s modellavtal. Syftet med sådana överenskommelser är att undvika internationell dubbelbeskattning. Överenskommelserna kan antingen utgöra ett rättsmedel, som är ett alternativ till domstolsförfarande, eller verka som ett medel för att få skatteavtalen att fungera bättre mellan de avtalsslutande staterna. De rättsliga svårigheter som uppkommer i samband med överenskommelserna beror huvudsak...

  3. Är prostitution en kränkning av mänskliga rättigheter? : Eller finns "den lyckliga horan"?

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Ulrika

    2014-01-01

    Att människohandel för sexuell exploatering utgör ett brott mot mänskliga rättigheter står klart. Människohandel kränker flertalet av individens rättigheter och staters skyldigheter gentemot dessa individer finns således stadgade i flertalet internationella konventioner. Palermoprotokollet stadgar den första internationellt gemensamma definitionen av människohandel och stadgar vidare ett krav på att definitionen utgör ett brott i konventionsstaternas nationella lagstiftning. Om prostitution a...

  4. Upplevelser av "Employer Branding" : En kvalitativ fallstudie av anställda hos BA

    OpenAIRE

    Hermansson, Otto; Elisabeth, Mackenhauer

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur medarbetarna på BA (fiktivt namn) upplever organisationens interna Employer Branding-arbete samt att belysa de aspekter som eventuellt skiljer strategi mot upplevelse. Det gjordes ett målinriktat urval av organisation medan valet av deltagare var ett slumpmässigt urval vilket resulterade i åtta respondenter (n= 8). Studien var en kvalitativ fallstudie med ett psykologiskt angreppssätt och innehöll en ostrukturerad intervju som tillsammans m...

  5. Trükieelse ajajärgu online-haridus / Andrei Babitski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Babitski, Andrei

    2012-01-01

    Autori arvates ei asenda Internetis tuimalt ette kantud loengud kõrgetasemelisi ja huvitavalt esitatud ülikooliloenguid, mistõttu pole online-haridus oma olemuselt mitte innovatsioon vaid hoopis tagasiminek kirjasõnaeelsesse aega

  6. Suvi toob Eestisse tantsuresidendid / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Hollandi koreograaf Paz Rojo valmistab koos brasiillase Cristian Duarte'ga ette oma uut, septembris esietenduvat tööd "Basic dance". Rojo viibib Tallinnas Kanuti gildi saali residendina. Ka teistest Eesti "residentuuridest" ja residentidest-koreograafidest

  7. Korteriomanike kaasomandi eseme valitsemine / Rein Tiivel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiivel, Rein, 1940-

    2011-01-01

    2001. aastal jõustus uus korteriomandiseadus, mis nägi ette korteriomanike vahelise uue õigussuhte: korteriomanike ühisuse. Kaasomandi eseme valitsemisest Eesti, Saksa, Šveitsi ja Austria õiguses

  8. Internet ja emakeel / Indrek Tart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tart, Indrek

    2003-01-01

    Internet on või(s)tlustanner, kus tähendusrikkalt toimimiseks erinevad kultuurid pingutusi teevad. Efektiivne ja paratamatu on omakeelse-emakeelse vahendkonna loomine veebis tegutsemiseks, sest selleta arenenud kirjakultuuriga riike on raske ette kujutada

  9. Truuduse magus koorem / Mati Unt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Unt, Mati, 1944-2005

    2004-01-01

    Autoritruudusest teatris. Mati Unti pahandab eelkõige see, et asjatundmatud inimesed, kes ei tunne autori vaimu tervikuna, tulevad selle vaimu puudumist ette heitma inimestele, kes on mitu aastat ainult selle autoriga tegelenud

  10. Riikide ähvardamine trahviga sai europarlamendilt rohelise tule / Laura Raus ; kommenteerinud Wolf Klinz, Ivo Strejcek, Nikolaos Chountis, Ville Itälä

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raus, Laura

    2011-01-01

    Europarlament kiitis eile heaks kuue õigusakti paketi, mis annab võimaluse hakata alates 2014. aastast trahvima euroala riike, kelle majandus on tasakaalust väljas ja kes selle vastu vajalikke meetmeid ette ei võta

  11. Islamistid kohtupingis: al-Qaidale saabub esimene tõetund / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2009-01-01

    USA-s astub kohtu ette 2001. aasta 11. septembri terrorirünnakute oletatav peakorraldaja Khalid Shaikh Muhammad koos nelja kaasolsalisega. Al-Qaidast alates selle loomisest 1988. aastal, Osama bin Ladenist, Talibanist

  12. Füüsikud maailma päästmas / Ain Ainsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ainsaar, Ain

    2003-01-01

    9.-11. oktoobrini Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikoolis aset leidnud rahvusvahelisest seminarist "Tiheda plasma ja materjalide interaktsioon", kus käsitleti termotuumareaktorite mudelite ehitamisel ette tulnud tehnilisi raskusi

  13. Ainulaadne kontseptsioon hoiab kalafirmat Kapten Grant vee peal / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Firma Kapten Grant turustab oma kaubamärgi all kogu maailmast pärit kalatooteid, kuid kirjutab tootjale ette oma retsepti ning kontrollib sellest kinnipidamist. Lisa: Eesti kalaturu suurus teadmata. Tabel: OÜ Kapten Grant

  14. Studentam vrutshat diplomõ - aktjorõ sõgrajut "Diplom" / Ella Agranovskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Agranovskaja, Ella, 1950-

    2006-01-01

    Moskva Kunstiteatri koolstuudio 12 lõpetajast, keda tänavu oodatakse Vene Draamateatrisse. Praegu töötavad nendega Moskvas teatripedagoogid ja lavastajad Merle Karusoo ja Toomas Lõhmuste, valmistades ette lavastust "Moskva Kunstiteatri koolstuudio diplom"

  15. Tsiviilkohtumenetluse kiirendamise võimalused ja nendega seotud ohud / Villu Kõve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõve, Villu, 1971-

    2012-01-01

    Tsiviilkohtumenetluse kiirusest ja kvaliteedist, menetlusseaduse muutmisest. Ankeetküsitlusest advokaatidele ja kohtunikele, kus otsiti vastust küsimusele, mida võiks ette võtta menetluse kiirendamiseks ja tõhustamiseks

  16. Rahanappus kärbib riigikontrolli võimalusi / Kai Kalamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Kai

    2005-01-01

    Riigikontroll soovib juurde 20 audiitori ametikohta, kelle pädevuses oleks kohalike omavalitsuste kontroll. Riigieelarve projektis pole uute audiitorite palkamiseks vajalikku summat ette nähtud. Lisa: Luubi all Kohtla-Järve ja Sonda

  17. Bali - ekspertide kohtumispaik ja turistide paradiis / Sirje Virkus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virkus, Sirje, 1956-

    2000-01-01

    10.-19. märtsini 2000 viibis TPÜ sotsiaalteaduskonna infoteaduste osakonna juhataja dotsent Sirje Virkus Bali saarel Indoneesias UNESCO ekspertide kohtumisel, et valmistada ette raamatukogude automatiseerimise koolituspakett arengumaadele. Bali saare loodusest ja balilaste elukorraldusest

  18. Kaevanduse vastased murdsid Toompeale / Andrus Karnau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karnau, Andrus

    2005-01-01

    Virumaa Maidla, Mäetaguse, Sonda ja Rägavere vallaametnikud tahavad uute põlevkivi kaevanduste avamist takistada, kuna ohustatakse keskkonda, ning heidavad riigiametnikele ette nende käitumist seoses kaevandamislubade taotlustest teavitamisel

  19. Strategy formation in changing environment / Sven Heil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heil, Sven

    2005-01-01

    Uuringu telekommunikatsiooni operaatori juhtimise kohta Eestis aastatel 1993-2003 tulemustest selgus, et ettevõtte üleminekul konkurentsiga turule muutus firma strateegia pika-ajalisest ette planeeritavast lühiajaliselt kujundatavaks

  20. Inspiratsioonist : Euroopa filmioperaatorite meistriklass Kopenhaagenis / Elen Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Elen

    2009-01-01

    Euroopa operaatorite assotsiatsiooni IMAGO Kopenhaagenis korraldatud meistriklassist "Inspiratsioon", kus said kokku operaatorid ja arutlesid selle üle, mis neid inspireerib filme ette valmistades. Pikemalt operaatorite Bruno Delbonne, Slawomir Idziaki ja Cesar Charlone meistriklassidest

  1. Res Publica üldkogu hääletab poliitilisi resolutsioone / Lauri Tankler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tankler, Lauri

    2004-01-01

    Res Publica üldkogul hääletusele pandavate resolutsioonide eesmärgiks on teavitada avalikkust erakonna seisukohtadest. Olulisemad resolutsioonid on ette valmistatud ideoloogia, majanduse, hariduse ja sotsiaalpoliitika valdkonnas

  2. Greens protest at U. S. Embassy / Nick Coleman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Coleman, Nick

    2000-01-01

    Protestijad kogunesid USA Riia saatkonna hoone ette. Väljendati oma rahulolematust USA tahtmatuse suhtes vähendada süsinikdioksüüdi paiskamist õhkkonda, mis ilmnes eelmisel kuul peetud kliimamuutuse konverentsil Haagis

  3. Riik räägib rahvale: soomekeelsed korraldused Rootsi ajal / Kari Tarkiainen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarkiainen, Kari, 1938-

    2017-01-01

    Rootsis 16. sajandist alates kuninga ja lääniülemate avaldatud korraldustest, mida levitati kas rahvakoosolekutel või kirikukantslist ette lugedes. Selle tava kodifitseeritimisest 1686. a kirikuseadusega nin korralduste ettelugemisest ja tõlkimisest soome keelde

  4. Osa raudteest jääb riigile / Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Raudtee erastamisnõustaja GIBB Ltd. sai eile teede- ja sideminister Toivo Jürgensonilt ülesande valmistada ette 51-66 % Eesti Raudtee aktsiate erastamine. Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 2. veebr. lk. 6

  5. Muuda hallitusseene elu võimatuks / Urve Kallavus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallavus, Urve, 1950-

    2008-01-01

    Küsimustele vastab TTÜ materjaliuuringute teaduskeskuse juhataja Urve Kallavus. Vt samas: Andrus Arman. Hallitussseente tõrje ; Kalle Pilt. Mida ette võtta, kui kodus on niiskuskahjustus või hallitussseened?

  6. Ülikiire mobiilne internet vallutab endise analoog-TV sagedusala / Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2011-01-01

    Tehnilise Järelevalve Amet ning majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeerium on ette valmistamas avalikku konkurssi sideettevõtete leidmiseks mobiilsete lairibateenuste pakkumiseks sagedusalas 790-862 MHz. Skeem: 4G tehnoloogia kergitab mobiilse andmeside kiirusi

  7. Muusajüngrid pühitsesid Kreutzwaldi 200. sünnipäeva / Toomas Pill

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pill, Toomas

    2004-01-01

    13. dets. 2003 Sydneys toimunud tähtpäevaüritusel esines Toomas Pill referaadiga "Kalevipoja" retseptsioonist, loeti ette katkendeid Kreutzwaldi ja Koidula kirjavahetusest ning deklameeriti Heidi Aedma poolt valitud katkendeid "Kalevipojast"

  8. VP Market teeb rekordkasvu / Ralf-Martin Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe, Ralf-Martin

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 26. apr. lk. 4. Leedu omanikele kuuluv T-Marketite poekett teeb Eestis rekordilist käibe kasvu. Diagramm. Vt. samas: Raimo Ülavere. VP Market annab konkurentidele silmad ette

  9. Nord Stream : täidame kõik Eesti nõudmised / Matthias Warnig ; interv. Jan Jõgis-Laats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Warnig, Matthias

    2007-01-01

    Nord Streami tegevdirektor pakub võimalust, et Eesti esindajad viibiksid gaasitrassi uuringutel, samuti võivad esindajad teha ette teatamata reide. Firma on valmis arutama kõike, mis on vajalik protsessi kontrollimiseks ja usalduse tekitamiseks

  10. Pensioni teise samba makseid riik siiski edasi teha ei võimalda / Agnes Ojala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojala, Agnes

    2009-01-01

    Praegune plaan näeb ette, et maksed II pensionisambasse peatatakse selle aasta juunist kuni 2010. aastani. Kui pensionikoguja soovib makseid jätkata, laekub tema brutopalgast II pensionisambasse 2% jälle 2010. aasta jaanurist

  11. Ühiskondliku Leppe Sihtasutus saab riigilt miljoni

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Valitsuseslt Riigikogule esitatud tuleva aasta riigieelarve eelnõu näeb ühiskondliku leppe sihtasutusele ette miljon krooni. Sihtasutuse esindaja Andra Veidemanni kommentaar. Ilmunud ka Sakala, 2004/Oct/7, lk. 7

  12. Klassitsheski ideal krasotõ v biznes-tsentre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Viru kaubanduskeskuse ette planeeritakse August Weizenbergi skulptuuri "Hämarik" pronkskoopiat. Idee on pärit projekteerijatelt Vilen Künnapult ja Ain Padrikult. Krista Kodres ei pea kohta klassikalisele skulptuurile sobivaks

  13. Majanduse struktuur kujuneb isevoolu / Tiit Made, Rein Kask ; interv. Ester Shank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Made, Tiit, 1940-

    1999-01-01

    Riigikogu majanduskomisjoni esimees Tiit Made ja tema asetäitja Rein Kask nentisid Maailmakaubanduskeskuse klubi kokkutulekul, et kaheksa aasta jooksul ei ole Eesti valitsused suutnud ette näha, millise struktuuriga majandus peaks meie riigis kujunema

  14. Unistus 21. sajandi Eestist / Arko Okk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Okk, Arko, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Filmitegija visioon 21. sajandi Eestist. Muuhulgas nähakse ette, et president, peaminister ja spiiker saavad viis algklassiõpetaja kuupalka, ning presidendiks saab valimistel enim hääli saanud üksikkandidaat

  15. Kurt europarlamendi liige: iseenda jaoks ma pole puudega, ühiskonna jaoks olen / Ádám Kósa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kósa, Ádám

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi pressiteenistus rääkis saadikuga viipekeele abil tema raportist Euroopa puuetega inimeste strateegia kohta aastateks 2010–2020, mida ta tööhõivekomisjonis hetkel ette valmistab

  16. Soome vajab kõrgete hindade ja madalate palkadega Eestit / Tõnis Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Tõnis, 1943-

    2001-01-01

    Soome valitsus saatis Brüsselisse kirja, milles paneb ette tõsta Euroopa Liidus alkoholi ja tubakasaaduste miinimumaktsiisi. Finnair annab siseriiklikud liinid üle tütarfirmale Aero Airlines, mille enamusaktsiad kuuluvad Eestis registreeritud Aero Holdingule

  17. Abilinnapea Ratas pidas uputust paratamatuseks / Jüri Ratas ; interv. Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratas, Jüri, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna abilinnapea Jüri Ratas kommenteerib olukorda linnas, kus kahe päevaga sadas maha rohkem kui juulikuu sademete norm ette näeb. Vt. samas Meelis Eldermann. Miks veevärk vihmaga toime ei tulnud?

  18. Väljak: siseväljak = Square: inner plaza / Kristi Tuurmann, Tiia Vahula, Riin Kersalu, Kerstin Kivila

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuurmann, Kristi

    2013-01-01

    EKA arhitektuuri ja linnaplaneerimise osakonna III kursuse 2009-2012 aastail erialase projekteerimise raames loodud lahendus, kus ei teki raekoja ette traditsioonilist väljakut, pigem "kolib" see avaliku ruumina linnavalitsuse sisse

  19. Kasahstani presidendi väimees rajab Eestisse kuurorti / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2007-01-01

    Plaanist rajada Anija valda Pillapallu üle kuue miljardi krooni maksev puhkekompleks "The Mahuste Resort". Projekti valmistavad ette Eesti (projektijuht Märt Poots), Suurbritannia ja Iisraeli (projektijuht Alexander Goldman) firmad. Küsimustele vastab Alexander Goldman

  20. Kesk-Ameerika võitleb uimastimaffia vastu / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2008-01-01

    USA parlament andis rohelise tee Merida initsiatiivile, mis näeb ette Mehhikole, Kesk-Ameerika riikidele ja Kariibi maadele organiseeritud kuritegevuse vastu võitlemiseks majanduslikku ja tehnilist abi

  1. Za rubezhom nashi bezrabotnõje - k mestu / Artur Tooman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooman, Artur, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Tööpuudust aitaks osaliselt leevendada töötamine välisriikides. Sotsiaalministeeriumis valmistatakse ette spetsialiste, kes hakkavad edastama infot ja vajadusel vormistama dokumente Euroopa Liidu riikidesse tööleminejatele

  2. Kuidas Orissaare näitering Tuulikute festivaliks valmistus / Ellen Teemus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teemus, Ellen

    2009-01-01

    Ellen Teemuse meenutus sellest, kuidas Orissaare näitetrupp Jüri Tuuliku novelli "Haab" ainetel valminud lühietenduseni "Jonn" jõudis, ning mis vendadele Tuulikutele pühendatud festivalil "Meretagune asi" publiku ette toodi

  3. Kosovo majandus komberdab karkudel / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Sõjast räsitud Kosovo majanduslikku seisu iseloomustavad sagedased elektrikatkestused, suur vaesus ja tööpuudus. Vt. samas: Kaart; Kosovo elanikud; Majandus; Diplomaat: ei kujuta Eesti ärimehi seal ette

  4. Kurikaelte murdja müüb Mehhikos nulltolerantsi / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2003-01-01

    Mexico sõlmis New Yorgi endise linnapea Rudolph Giuliani konsultatsioonifirmaga lepingu, mis näeb ette kuritegevuse vastase võitluse edendamist sarnaste meetoditega, mida Giuliani kasutas New Yorgis

  5. Tulevane maavanem Esta Tamm ootab valitsuse otsust / Esta Tamm ; interv. Arvo Uustalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Esta, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Endine Nõo vallavanem vastab küsimustele, miks ta otsustas kandideerida Tartu maavanema kohale, kas ta pürgib Riigikokku, mida ta esmalt plaanib ette võtta, kas maavanem peaks olema mittepoliitik, kuidas ta hindab maavanemakonkurssi

  6. Bin Ladeni saladusliku autojuhi juhtum on lõplikult lahendamata / Hendrik Vosman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vosman, Hendrik

    2008-01-01

    Guantanamos USA-s lõppes esimene sõjaroimaprotsess peale Teist maailmasõda. Ka kohtuasjast "Hamdan vs Rumsfeld", mis oli seotud katsega Guantanamos kinni peetavaid nn vaenlasvõitlejaid sõjaväekomisjonides kohtu ette tuua

  7. Tuluõhtu New Yorgi Eesti Majas / Siiri Lind

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lind, Siiri

    2011-01-01

    New Yorgi Eesti Majas 30. aprillil 2011 toimunud New Yorgi Eesti Haridusseltsi Kevadballist ja Tuluõhtust. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese tervituse New Yorgi Eesti Haridusseltsile luges seltsi esimees Toomas Sõrra ette inglise keeles

  8. MUK ja maksujärelevalve = TAFIC and tax supervision

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Maksuameti Maksupettuste Uurimise Keskus (MUK) viis 2003. aastal lõpule eeluurimise 42 maksukuritegusid ja rahapesu puudutavas kriminaalasjas ning saatis kohtu ette 76 süüdistatavat 246 kuriteoepisoodis

  9. Uue Vana Teatri 2. hooaeg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Uus Vana Teater mängib sel hooajal Meistrite Hoovi uues teatrisaalis. Hakatakse ette valmistama H. von Bingeni müsteeriumi "Vooruste mäng" ja V. Huovise "Havukkaaho mõtlejat". Samuti on kavas teha improvisatsiooniteatrit

  10. Tri goda tjurmõ / Alina Zelimhanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zelimhanova, Alina

    2004-01-01

    Piraattarkvara laialdasest levikust Eestis ja selle kasutamise eest ette nähtud karistustest räägivad legaalse tarkvara kasutust kontrolliva organisatsiooni BSA jurist Kaido Uduste ja politsei esindaja Hannes Järvine

  11. Võlvide all rändav missa / Roxanna Panufnik ; intervjueerinud Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Panufnik, Roxanna, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Vestlus Poola juurtega Inglise heliloojaga, kelle Tallinna missa "Elutants" kantakse esmakordselt ette 29. juunil Tallinna Jaani kirikus uue kirikumuusika sarja "Viva Oratorio" raames, tekst Doris Kareva ja Jürgen Rooste

  12. "Hingelinnud" lendasid jälle / Mart Jaanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaanson, Mart, 1966-

    2011-01-01

    23. aprillil kirikumuusika sarjas "Viva oratorio" Tartu Jaani kirikus toimunud kontserdist, kus kanti ette Rein Rannapi ja Indrek Hirve vokaalinstrumentaalsuurvormi "Hingelinnud" II pool, esitajateks ETV lastekoor, Bonzo ja Tallinna Kammerorkester Toomas Vavilovi dirigeerimisel

  13. “La transmutación de culturas”. Entrevista a Daniel Alarcón, ganador del Premio Internacional de Literatura de la Casa de las Culturas del Mundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El profesor Ette entrevista al novelista y cuentista Daniel Alarcón, peruano-estadounidense, editor asociado de la revista peruana Etiqueta Negra y actualmente escritor visitante del Mills College en Oakland, California.

  14. Aed algab tarast / Merle Kares

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kares, Merle

    2004-01-01

    Soovitusi Alja Sasteri Hiiumaal asuva sünnikodu majaesise piirde rajamiseks ja krundile puude istutamiseks. M. Kares soovitab lippaeda, mille ette tuleks laduda madal kividest riba, või piirduda hekiga. Valik hekitaimi. Ill.: 3 joonist, 5 fotot

  15. Obrazovaniju na russkom bõt / Valentin Zvegintsev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zvegintsev, Valentin

    2003-01-01

    Riigikogu lükkas tagasi seaduseelnõu, mis nägi ette vene gümnaasiumite ülemineku eestikeelsele õppele 2007. aastal. Arvamust avaldavad Tõnis Lukas, Ljudmilla Orlova, Urmas Paet ja Isabella Riitsaar

  16. BLRT tõrjub börsile mineku kuuldust / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2007-01-01

    BLRT lükkas ümber Ekspress Grupi omaniku Hans H. Luige väite, et investeerimispankurid on ette valmistamas BLRT minekut börsile. Diagramm: BLRT Grupi majandustulemused. Vt. samas: Asutati tsaariarmee laevade ehitamiseks

  17. Uus Sakala trügib Karla katedraali kohale / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Sakala keskuse renoveerimise lugu. Praegune ümberehitamise kava näeb ette Raine Karbi projekteeritud hoone lammutamist. Ülar Marki seisukoht: arhitektide liit ootab uut arhitektuurikonkurssi

  18. Exklusiva urmärken : en branschundersökning med avseende på positionering och val av urverk

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Marknaden för armbandsur är stor, och den del av denna marknad som utgörs av exklusiva ur med högt pris tycks ha helt andra egenskaper än den för armbandsur i övrigt. Hur övertygas en konsument om att ett mekaniskt ur som avviker flera sekunder per dygn är att föredra framför ett elektroniskt som avviker några sekunder på ett år? Syftet med denna rapport är att ge en övergripande bild av marknaden för exklusiva ur och urverk, samt att analysera ett antal av de aktörer som finns på marknaden u...

  19. Te olete nii lollid, nii lollid, nii lollid - TÜ VKA eelkäijad Nõukogude Liidus / Kata Maria Saluri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saluri, Kata Maria

    2012-01-01

    Autor käsitleb Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia vastuolulist rolli suhetes Nõukogude Liiduga. Ühest küljest pidanuks kool ette valmistama kommunistlikke kultuuritöötajaid, teisalt toimus õpetajate ja õpilaste hulgas vaikiv vastupanuliikumine valitsevale ideoloogiale

  20. Olympic toob Euroopasse Las Vegased / Virge Lahe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahe, Virge

    2007-01-01

    Olymic EG kavandab kasiinohotellide ja komplekside rajamist ning noteerimist Varssavi börsil. Diagramm: Olymic EG on trüginud Tallinki ette börsi suuruselt teiseks firmaks. Vt. samas: Investorile meeldib jõuline laienemine

  1. Tallinna-Tartu maantee ehitamine jälle kännu taga kinni / Piret Pert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pert, Piret

    2006-01-01

    Riigikogu lükkas tagasi SDE fraktsiooni esitatud otsuse eelnõu, milles nähti ette Tallinna-Tartu maantee ehitamine neljarealise eraldatud sõidusuundadega maanteena. Jarno Laur, Ivari Padar maantee väljaehitamise vajalikkusest

  2. Tervema elukeskkonna nimel / Bruno Uustal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uustal, Bruno, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    KIK suunab keskkonnakasutusest laekuva raha mitmesuguste keskkonnaprojektide arendamisse, aitab valmistada ette projekte, mida rahastavad EL Ühtekuuluvusfond ja Euroopa Regionaalarengu Fond ning jälgib nende projektide elluviimist. KIK-i rahade kasutamisest Ida-Virumaal

  3. Nädalat seob Põhjala kirjandus / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2003-01-01

    Põhjamaade raamatukogunädala avaüritusel Koidula-nim. haruraamatukogus Tartus luges Enn Lillemets ette norra kirjaniku Alexander Kiellandi romaani "Garman&Worse" alguse. Sama teksti loeti samal ajal enam kui tuhandes Põhjamaade raamatukogus

  4. Ekzotitsheskii protest / Ljubov Semjonova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Semjonova, Ljubov

    2004-01-01

    Jalgrattaliiklust toetav jalgratturite rahvusvaheline pikett Tallinnas pealinna autostumise vastu. Prussakovi-nimelise rattaühingu liider Erko Valk luges Vabaduse väljakul ette pöördumise Tallinna linnapeale Edgar Savisaarele

  5. Ugala kaks uuslavastust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    27. aug. jõuab publiku ette hooaja esimene uuslavastus - A. Noormetsa kirjutatud ja lavastatud "Aastapäeva pidu" Paistu rahvamajas ja 4. sept. esietendub P. Võigemasti lavastuses siberlastest vendade O. ja V. Presnjakovide näidend "Terrorism"

  6. Rautaruukki kaebas oma Eesti nimekaimud kohtusse / Gert D. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2006-01-01

    Metallkomponente tootva Ruukki Productsi Soome emafirma Rautaruukki Oyj kaebas kohtusse Ruukki Eesti ja Ruukki Ehitus, nõudes neilt oma kaubamärgi kasutamise lõpetamist. Vt. samas: Kaubamärgivaidlusi varemgi ette tulnud

  7. Poeedid esitasid põrguliku luulepõimiku / Silja Joon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joon, Silja, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Pärnu Kunstide majas toimus muusika ja kirjanduse festival "Kahe ilu festival". Publikule kanti ette erootilis-neurootiline põimik "Põrgu". Põimiku kokkupanijaks oli Andrus Kallastu, ühendavaks ideeks oli Johannes Barbaruse looming

  8. Alkoholilembus võib maksta Hants Hindile linnapea koha / Erik Gamzejev, Erik Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 18. sept. lk. 1. Üheksa Kohtla-Järve linnavolikogu liiget esitasid umbusaldusavalduse linnapeale Hants Hindile, heites talle ette avalikes kohtades alkoholijoobes ebaväärikat käitumist

  9. Lõhestunud Küpros otsib taas ühte keelt / Loria Markides

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Markides, Loria

    2006-01-01

    Küprose president Tassos Papadopoulos ja ÜRO peasekretär Kofi Annan kinnitasid veebruari lõpus Pariisis plaanid, kuidas ette valmistada tulemusrikkad läbirääkimised lõhestunud saareriigi rahuks

  10. How to improve the health of volunteer firefighters / Ryan T. Harding

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Harding, Ryan T.

    2017-01-01

    Vabatahtlike tuletõrjedepoode suureks probleemiks on ülekaalulisus ning selle ennetamiseks võetakse vähe ette. Artiklis on välja toodud miks on tervislik eluviis tuletõrjujate seas parem kui selle puudumine

  11. Kolm Baudelaire'i / Kristiina Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina, 1955-

    2001-01-01

    Ette kantud raadios Vaba Euroopa. Rets. rmt.: Baudelaire, Charles. Kurja õied / tlk. Tõnu Õnnepalu. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2000 ; Baudelaire, Charles. Väikesed kurja lilled / koost. Indrek Hirv ; tlk. I. Hirv, Ants Oras ja August Sang

  12. Merkel valiti veel neljaks aastaks Saksa valitsusjuhiks / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2009-01-01

    Saksa parlament kiitis heaks kantsler Angela Merkeli kandidatuuri, samas ei saanud ta toetust kõigilt valitsusliidu saadikutelt. Kriitikast uue valitsuse koalitsioonileppes ette nähtud maksude vähenemise kohta

  13. [Lung ultrasound as a tool to guide the administration of surfactant in premature neonates].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Fanjul, J; Balcells Esponera, C; Moreno Hernando, J; Sarquella-Brugada, G

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of lung ultrasound (LUS) to estimate the endotracheal tube (ETT) depth position during the Intubation-Surfactant-Extubation (INSURE) procedure. The ETT insertion depth was estimated using the weight (insertion depth (cm)=weight (kg)+5.5). After intubation two independent neonatologists using bilateral auscultation or LUS checked the ETT depth. Twelve newborns with respiratory distress syndrome were included. In two cases LUS helped to correctly replace the ETT. All the patients progressed well, with normal x-ray and LUS before discharge. LUS appears to be a safe and non-invasive technique and is useful in clinical situations were x-ray is not routinely performed, as it is fast and radiation free. Copyright © 2015 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  14. Vmeste i vroz / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Välisminister Urmas Paet valitsuses heakskiidetud arengukoostöö kavast, milles nähakse ette summad arengukoostöö abiks ja humanitaarabiks, mitmetele Valgevene juhtivatele ametnikele viisakeelu kehtestamisest

  15. India laulja ja eesti poetess esinevad koos / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    India lauljatari Kakoli Sengupta kontsertidel Eestis saab sõna Doris Kareva, kes kannab ette Põhja-India pühaku Kabiri 15. sajandil loodud poeesiat; vt. ka fotod Kroonika (2003) nr. 40, 30. sept., lk. 54

  16. Tants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    29. okt. esitavad ZUGA ühendatud tantsijad Inglismaal Leedsis etendust "Walking home solo" ja "Open". 12. nov. astuvad festivalil "Euro-scene Leipzig" publiku ette M. Kangro sooloetendusega "Mart on Stage" ning R. Keerd etendusega "Mobile home".

  17. Eesti nüüdistants maailma lavadel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    29. okt. esitavad ZUGA ühendatud tantsijad Inglismaal Leedsis etendust "Walking home solo" ja "Open". 12. nov. astuvad festivalil "Euro-scene Leipzig" publiku ette M. Kangro sooloetendusega "Mart on Stage" ning R. Keerd etendusega "Mobile home"

  18. Lihtsalt ja mugavalt arhiiviallikani / Birgit Kibal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kibal, Birgit

    2007-01-01

    Arhiivi infosüsteemist AIS. 2004. a. detembris avalikkuse ette jõudnud AIS võimaldab saada teavet arhivaali kirjeldustasandini. Kõige suuremast digiteeritud arhiiviallikate kogust Saaga, fondiloenditest, ajalooliste halduspiiride kaardikogust Kupits, Ajalooarhiivi kaartide registrist jt. infootsivõimalustest

  19. Res Publica tahab muuta Riigikogu kuluhüvitiste süsteemi / Alari Rammo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rammo, Alari

    2003-01-01

    Riigikogu Res Publica fraktsiooni ettepanekutest reformida Riigikogu liikmetele ette nähtud kuluhüvitiste süsteemi. Tabel: Kasutatud kuluhüvitised seisuga 15. oktoober 2003. Kommenteerib Urmo Kübar

  20. Loodav register aitab kergemini leida usaldusväärset lapsehoidjat / Karin Kangro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Karin

    2004-01-01

    Eestis valmistatakse ette lapsehoidjate kutsestandardit ja aastal 2006 avatakse riiklik register, kuhu võivad oma andmed kanda kõik kutseeksami sooritanud lapsehoidjad. Lisa: Tausta peaks põhjalikult uurima

  1. Nuzhen li Estonii natsionalnõi teatr? / Eva Kübar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kübar, Eva

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Teatri Agentuuri korraldatud teatrite rahastamise arutelust, kus justiitsminister Rein Lang pani ette kaotada nii riiklikud teatrid kui ka avalik-õiguslik teater kui omandivormid. Kultuuripoliitik Jaak Allik oli selle vastu

  2. Viljandi saab veel ühe teatri / Margus Haav ; kommenteerinud Hillar Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haav, Margus, 1969-

    2009-01-01

    Viljandi kultuurimajas hakkab tegutsema rahvateater "Seasaare näitemängu selts". Asutajad Tiit Kalmet ja Aivar Trallmann. Avaetendusena tuuakse 6. jaanuaril publiku ette Aivar Trallmanni kirjutatud ja Margus Vaheri lavastatud lugu "Kui onu teatrit tegi"

  3. Hiiumaa kalatööstus vaagub hinge tasemel tehasest hoolimata / Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ammas, Anneli, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Hiiu Kalur on Kõrgessaare kalatööstusesse investeerinud 20 miljonit krooni, riigile ollakse võlgu 26 miljonit. Vald valmistab ette negatiivset lisaeelarvet. Lisa: Inimene peab ju kuskil töötama; kommenteerib: Raul Siem

  4. Peeter Simm kolmandat korda teatris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Rakveres tuli lavale Toomas Raudami ja Peeter Simmi näidend Lõuna-Eesti kinomehaaniku Mati Parkja elust "Kino-Mati. Tema elutee ja juhtumised, mis seal ette tulid". Lavastas Peeter Simm, nimiosas Erik Ruus, kunstnik Hardi Volmer

  5. Kino-Mati näitab Rakveres kino / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2001-01-01

    Rakveres tuli lavale Toomas Raudami ja Peeter Simmi näidend Lõuna-Eesti kinomehaaniku Mati Parkja elust "Kino-Mati. Tema elutee ja juhtumised, mis seal ette tulid". Lavastas Peeter Simm, nimiosas Erik Ruus

  6. Rakvere Teater mängib Kino-Mati lugu / Toomas Suuman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suuman, Toomas

    2002-01-01

    Näitleja Erik Ruus Toomas Raudami poolt kirjapandud kinomehaanik Mati Parkja töödest-tegemistest jutustavas näidendis "Kino-Mati. Tema elutee ja juhtumised, mis seal ette tulid", lavastaja Peeter Simm

  7. Erik Ruus mängib kinomehaanikut / Aarne Mäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäe, Aarne, 1967-

    2001-01-01

    Näitleja Erik Ruus Toomas Raudami poolt kirjapandud kinomehaanik Mati Parkja töödest-tegemistest jutustavas näidendis "Kino-Mati. Tema elutee ja juhtumised, mis seal ette tulid" Rakvere Teatris, lavastaja Peeter Simm

  8. Education bill passes despite protest / Aaron Eglitis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eglitis, Aaron

    2004-01-01

    Läti parlamendihoone ette kogunes umbkaudu 5 000 meeleavaldajat, kes protestisid venekeelsete koolide lätikeelseks muutmise vastu. Kommentaarid Läti parlamendiliikmetelt, haridusminister Karlis Sadurskiselt ja Venemaa välisministeeriumilt

  9. Ugala teatri lavastusjuht sai preemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Kaarel Saha preemia said Vanemuise teatri dekoratsiooniala juht Aarne Hansalu ja Ugala teatri lavastusjuht Teet Ehala. Saha-preemia antakse etendusi teenindavatele ja lavastusi ette valmistavatele töötajatele. Kaarel Sahk oli Vanemuise haldusjuht

  10. Monument avalikule hetkele = Monument to a public moment / raumlaborberlin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Saksamaa arhitektide projekt "Monument avalikule hetkele" tekitas Tallinnas asuva Välisministeeriumi ette massiivne monumendi aluse, mis mõne minuti suitsu välja ajas ja mis seejärel lammutati. Fotokujutist levitati postkaardil

  11. Häid oskustöölisi on ka täna võimalik koolitada / Tiina Annus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Tiina

    2002-01-01

    Kutseõppeasutustesse vastuvõtmisel ei tehta õpilaskandidaatidele kutsesobivuse teste, tulevast töökohta ei suudeta ette kujutada, esimene praktikapäev ettevõttes võib kujuneda tõeliseks šokiks

  12. Tühjusest endasse tõmbavast : Austria eestlase vaimusilmas / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    1997-01-01

    Teksti algvariant 'Über die erfüllte Leere: Österreich aus der Sicht eines Esten' on ette loetud 8.-10. sept. Krakovis toimunud keskeuroopa-alasel sümpoosionil. Austria kirjanduse retseptsioonist Eestis

  13. Raamatukogu esisele kerkib kevadel Marie Underi kuju / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres

    2009-01-01

    Skulptor Mati Karminil ja arhitekt Tiit Trummalil valmib valgest marmorist mälestusmärk Marie Underile. Kuju püstitatakse 2010. a. kevadel Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu ette. Alale on kavandatud ka veekaskaadid

  14. Obama ja terroristid / Gwynne Dyer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dyer, Gwynne

    2009-01-01

    Barack Obama USA presidendiks saamise järel on autori arvates oluliselt suurenenud oht, et terroristid võivad peagi ette võtta ulatusliku rünnaku Ameerika vastu, tekitamaks hirmutunnet USA avalikkuses

  15. Globaalne finantskriis ja Eesti / Ivar Raig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raig, Ivar, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Akadeemia Nord majanduspoliitika professor kirjutab, et meie reformimeelne valitsus ei suuda üleilmse finantskriisi tingimustes midagi ette võtta, ehkki aeg kiirustab tagant. Vt. samas: Peaminister Andrus Ansip: Eesti ei jää puutumata

  16. Application of a flexible lightwand in percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhuang; Pan, Shu; Wang, Dunwei; Wang, Chengyu; Li, Zhiwen

    2017-12-01

    By comparing flexible lightwand-assisted and conventional endotracheal tube (ETT) withdrawal in percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy (PDT), this paper aims to provide guidance for precise ETT withdrawal by anesthesiologists and accurate determination of the incision site by surgeons. Sixty patients who underwent PDT in our hospital were randomly divided into the lightwand group (Group L, n=30) and the withdrawal group (Group W, n=30) using the envelope method. For Group L patients, a flexible lightwand was inserted into an ETT (based on the patient's size), the light source was positioned at the root of the cuff, and the depth from the root of the cuff to the end of the ETT was marked. The flexible lightwand was inserted into the patient's ETT to the marked depth. The ETT along with the flexible lightwand was withdrawn until the highlighted spot was located at the level of the thyroid cartilage. The incision site was approximately 3 finger widths (approximately 4.8cm) below the highlighted spot. For Group W patients, the ETT was withdrawn to a tube depth of 17cm at the upper incisors in males and 15cm in females, and surgeons determined incision sites without assistance. The following metrics were recorded for the two groups: occurrences of inadvertent extubation, ETT puncture and cuff rupture; success rate of first puncture; hypoxia rate; SpO 2 at the time of tracheostomy cannula intubation (T 1 ); and postoperative hemorrhage rate. Inadvertent extubation, ETT puncture and cuff rupture occurred significantly less frequently in Group L than in Group W, and the success rate of first puncture and SpO 2 at T 1 were markedly higher in Group L than in Group W. Moreover, significant between-group differences in hypoxia rate and postoperative hemorrhage rate were observed. The use of a flexible lightwand in PDT is a safe and effective approach. This approach can effectively and directly guide precise ETT repositioning and provide incision site confirmation with few intra

  17. Feasibility of a Novel Optoacoustic Device to Precisely Localize Endotracheal Tube Positioning in a Cadaver Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-02

    represent an external landmark. The IOI cable was also marked at the proximal portion of the ETT to ensure the cable was not moved during airway...intubation. For example, one study found that chest radiography was able to detect only 14% of patients needing tube repositioning [11]. An additional...sensor at the cricothyroid membrane. The cable was marked at the proximal portion of the ETT. Additionally, a needle was placed at the cricothyroid

  18. Correlation Between Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure and Tracheal Wall Pressure Using Air and Saline Filled Cuffs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-31

    sell any patented invention that may relate to them. Qualified requestors may obtain copies of this report from the Defense Technical Information...been the assumption that the pressure measured at the pilot balloon is equal to the pressure exerted on the TW. We evaluated ETTs at sea level and...Pressure Profile Systems, Los Angeles, CA) and the ETT pilot balloon via a data logger (Sparx Engineering, Manvel, TX). Figure 1

  19. Defeating Mexico’s Drug Trafficking Organizations: The Range of Military Operations in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    Thesis Committee Chair Stephen D. Coats, Ph.D. , Member DeEtte A. Lombard, M.S. , Member Gene R. King, M.S.A. Accepted...Dr. Stephen D. Coats, Ms. DeEtte A. Lombard, and Mr. Gene R. King. I have grown significantly in my ability to analyze complex problems through your...DTOs began subcontracting drug trafficking to Mexican DTOs. Over time, Mexican DTOs rose from being merely traffickers of cocaine to wholesalers.47

  20. Fukuyama : kõigepealt hea valitsus, siis demokraatia ja ajaloo lõpp / Francis Fukuyama ; interv. Nathan Gardels

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fukuyama, Francis

    2005-01-01

    Francis Fukuyama sõnul vajab riik oma arenguks esmajoones head valitsemist. Kõige olulisem on, et oleks toimiv riik, mis suudab tagada julgeoleku ja majandusarengu elementaarsed tingimused. Iraagi praeguste probleemide põhjus on selles, et USA ei suutnud ette näha, kuidas riik Saddami kukkudes kokku variseb, kuid tuleb mõista, et aeg-ajalt on USA ja kogu maailma huvides kusagil maailma nurgas riigi ehitamine tõsiselt ette võtta, ütleb autor

  1. ProSeal laryngeal mask airway as an alternative to standard endotracheal tube in securing upper airway in the patients undergoing beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalpana Shah

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: ProSeal laryngeal mask airways (PLMAs are routinely used after failed tracheal intubation as airway rescue, facilitating tracheal intubation by acting as a conduit and to secure airway during emergencies. In long duration surgeries, use of endotracheal tube (ETT is associated with various hemodynamic complications, which are minimally affected during PLMA use. However, except for few studies, there are no significant data available that promote the use of laryngeal mask during cardiac surgery. This prospective study was conducted with the objective of demonstrating the advantages of PLMA over ETT in the patients undergoing beating-heart coronary artery bypass graft (CABG. Methodology: This prospective, interventional study was carried out in 200 patients who underwent beating-heart CABG. Patients were randomized in equal numbers to either ETT group or PLMA group, and various hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were observed at different time points. Results: Patients in PLMA group had mean systolic blood pressure 126.10 ± 5.31 mmHg compared to the patients of ETT group 143.75 ± 6.02 mmHg. Pulse rate in the PLMA group was less (74.52 ± 10.79 per min (P < 0.05 compared to ETT group (81.72 ± 9.8. Thus, hemodynamic changes were significantly lower (P < 0.05 in PLMA than in ETT group. Respiratory parameters such as oxygen saturation, pressure CO 2 (pCO 2 , peak airway pressure, and lung compliance were similar to ETT group at all evaluation times. The incidence of adverse events was also lower in PLMA group. Conclusion: In experience hand, PLMA offers advantages over the ETT in airway management in the patients undergoing beating-heart CABG.

  2. Rakennusalan työsaliopetuksen arviointi Omnian ammattiopistossa

    OpenAIRE

    Huttunen, Ari Petteri

    2010-01-01

    TIIVISTELMÄ Taustaa Espoon seudun koulutuskuntayhtymä on pääkaupunkiseudun aktiivisempia ja isoimpia rakennusalan kouluttajia. Omnian ammattiopisto antaa rakennusalan perustutkintoon johtavaa koulutusta. Koulutusohjelma on talonrakennus. Omnian muuttaessa uusiin tiloihin kolme vuotta sitten, havaittiin että rakennusalan työsalin opetusta tulisi kehittää. Tavoite Tavoitteena oli että saisimme kehittää nuorten rakennusalan koulutusta työsalilla tapahtuvassa II-asteen koulutuksen o...

  3. Legalisering som lösning? Erfarenheter av holländsk eutanasipraxis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, Th.A.

    2002-01-01

    Fastän vi lever i ett Europa som växer samman, så fortsätter dock många gränser att bestå. Vissa skillnader förblir eller har i de förgångna årtiondena till och med blivit djupare. Dödshjälpsdebatterna i Holland och Skandinavien ger oss ett exempel. Två stater med till stor del lika kultur, men

  4. Nato

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brattberg, Erik; Breitenbauch, Henrik Ø.

    2015-01-01

    historia. Idag har Sverige en möjlighet att fatta ett beslut som inte bara skulle stärka vår egen säkerhet, utan även hela Östersjöregionens. Nordiskt försvarssamarbete skulle ha stor nytta av ett svenskt (och finskt) Natomedlemskap liksom det skulle förbättra Natos möjligheter att skydda Baltikum....

  5. Survival Rates from Fracture of Endodontically Treated Premolars Restored with Full-coverage Crowns or Direct Resin Composite Restorations: A Retrospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suksaphar, Warattama; Banomyong, Danuchit; Jirathanyanatt, Titalee; Ngoenwiwatkul, Yaowaluk

    2018-02-01

    The aim of the present study was to compare the survival rates against fracture of premolar endodontically treated teeth (ETT) restored with resin composite or crowns and to identify risk factors associated with the fracture. Data from dental records and radiographs of premolar ETT with postendodontic restorations (ie, resin composite or crowns) were collected between 2012 and 2016 and selected following selected inclusion and exclusion criteria. Tooth location, type of restoration, number of proximal contacts, and amount of tooth surface loss were recorded. The incidence and restorability of postendodontic fractures were identified. Survival rates against fracture of the 2 restoration types were calculated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Any potential factors associated with fractures were identified using Cox proportional hazards models. The survival rate against fracture of ETT restored with crowns (95.1%) was higher than resin composite (77.0%). ETT restored with resin composite with 1 or 2 tooth surface losses and 2 proximal contacts had a high survival rate of 88.5% that was not significantly different from ETT with crowns. A higher incidence of restorability after fracture was observed in teeth restored with resin composite than crowns. The type of restoration and number of proximal contacts were identified as potential risk factors associated with fracture incidence. The survival rate against fracture of ETT restored with crowns was higher than resin composite. However, ETT with 1 or 2 tooth surface losses and 2 proximal contacts and restored with resin composite showed a high survival rate that was comparable with ETT restored with crowns. Copyright © 2017 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Epistaxis during nasotracheal intubation: a randomized trial of the Parker Flex-Tip™ nasal endotracheal tube with a posterior facing bevel versus a standard nasal RAE endotracheal tube.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Earle, Rosie; Shanahan, Enda; Vaghadia, Himat; Sawka, Andrew; Tang, Raymond

    2017-04-01

    Nasotracheal intubation is a widely performed technique to facilitate anesthesia induction during oral, dental, and maxillofacial surgeries. The technique poses several risks not encountered with oropharyngeal intubation, most commonly epistaxis due to nasal mucosal abrasion. The purpose of this study was to test whether the use of the Parker Flex-Tip™ (PFT) nasal endotracheal tube (ETT) with a posterior facing bevel reduces epistaxis when compared with the standard nasal RAE ETT with a leftward facing bevel. Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II patients undergoing oral or maxillofacial surgery with nasotracheal intubation were recruited. Patients were randomized to either a standard nasal RAE ETT or a PFT nasal ETT. The ETT was thermosoftened and lubricated for both study groups prior to insertion, and the size of the tube was chosen at the discretion of the attending anesthesiologist. The primary outcome was the incidence of epistaxis, with a secondary outcome of epistaxis severity (scored as none, mild, moderate, or severe). An investigator measured both outcomes five minutes after intubation was completed. Mild or moderate epistaxis was experienced by 22 of 30 (73%) patients in the PFT group compared with 21 of 30 (70%) patients in the standard nasal RAE ETT group (absolute risk reduction, 3%; 95% confidence interval, -19 to 25; P = 0.78). There were no occurrences of severe epistaxis in either group. There was no difference in the incidence or severity of epistaxis following nasal intubation using the Parker Flex-Tip nasal ETT when compared with a standard nasal RAE ETT. This trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT02315677.

  7. Inspection of the nasopharynx prior to fiberoptic-guided nasotracheal intubation reduces the risk epistaxis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Min A; Song, Jaegyok; Kim, Seokkon; Ji, Seong-Mi; Bae, Jeongho

    2016-08-01

    Various complications may occur during nasotracheal intubation. This may include epistaxis and damage to the nasopharyngeal airway. We tested the hypothesis that the use of fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB)-guided intubation is superior to endotracheal tube (ETT) obturated with an inflated esophageal stethoscope. Patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups (n=22 each): either an FOB-guided intubation group or ETT obturated with an inflated esophageal stethoscope group. After the induction of general anesthesia, patients in the FOB group received an FOB inspection through the nostril without advancement of ETT. Then, after confirming the placement of the bronchoscope tip in the trachea, the lubricated ETT was advanced via the nostril to the trachea along the bronchoscope. In the obturated ETT insertion group, the proximal opening of the ETT was blunted with an inflated esophageal stethoscope. The ETT was inserted into the selected nostril and advanced blindly into the posterior oropharynx. Then, the esophageal stethoscope was removed and tracheal intubation was performed with the bronchoscope. The number of attempts for successful tracheal intubation, the degree of difficulty during insertion, and bleeding during bronchoscopy were recorded. Another anesthesiologist, blinded to the intubation method, estimated the severity of epistaxis 5minutes after the intubation and postoperative complications. The FOB group had significantly less epistaxis during bronchoscopy, better navigability, and fewer intubation attempts and redirections. Fiberoptic-guided nasotracheal intubation was associated with less epistaxis. It also showed better navigability and less redirection rate. Therefore, FOB as an intubation guide is superior to ETT with an inflated esophageal stethoscope when intubating a patient via the nasotracheal route. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Direct analysis of bacterial viability in endotracheal tube biofilm from a pig model of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia following antimicrobial therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Barat, Laia; Li Bassi, Gianluigi; Ferrer, Miquel; Bosch, Anna; Calvo, Maria; Vila, Jordi; Gabarrús, Albert; Martínez-Olondris, Pilar; Rigol, Montse; Esperatti, Mariano; Luque, Néstor; Torres, Antoni

    2012-07-01

    Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) helps to observe the biofilms formed in the endotracheal tube (ETT) of ventilated subjects and to determine its structure and bacterial viability using specific dyes. We compared the effect of three different treatments (placebo, linezolid, and vancomycin) on the bacterial biofilm viability captured by CLSM. Eight pigs with pneumonia induced by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were ventilated up to 96 h and treated with linezolid, vancomycin, or placebo (controls). ETT images were microscopically examined after staining with the live/dead(®) BacLight(™) Kit (Invitrogen, Barcelona, Spain) with a confocal laser scanning microscope. We analyzed 127 images obtained by CLSM. The median ratio of live/dead bacteria was 0.51, 0.74, and 1 for the linezolid, vancomycin, and control groups, respectively (P = 0.002 for the three groups); this ratio was significantly lower for the linezolid group, compared with the control group (P = 0.001). Images showed bacterial biofilm attached and non-attached to the ETT surface but growing within secretions accumulated inside ETT. Systemic treatment with linezolid is associated with a higher proportion of dead bacteria in the ETT biofilm of animals with MRSA pneumonia. Biofilm clusters not necessarily attach to the ETT surface. © 2012 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Optimal Line and Tube Placement in Very Preterm Neonates: An Audit of Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Daragh; Kinoshita, Hannah; Livingstone, Vicki; Dempsey, Eugene M

    2017-11-17

    Placement of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) and umbilical catheters (UCs) is essential in very preterm infant care. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an educational initiative to optimize correct placement of ETTs and UCs in very preterm infants. A pre-post study design, evaluating optimal radiological position of ETTs and UCs in the first 72 h of life in infants positioning, and weight-based calculations to estimate insertion depths for endotracheal intubation. A prospective evaluation of radiological placement of ETTs and UCs was then conducted over a 12-month period. During the study period, 211 infants had at least one of the three procedures performed. One hundred and fifty-seven infants were included in the pre-education group, and 54 in the post-education group. All three procedures were performed in 50.3% (79/157) in the pre-education group, and 55.6% (30/54) in the post-education group. There was no significant difference in accurate placement following the introduction of the educational sessions; depth of ETTs (50% vs. 47%), umbilical arterial catheter (UAC) (40% vs. 43%,), and umbilical venous catheter (UVC)(14% vs. 23%). Despite education of staff on methods for appropriate ETT, UVC and UAC insertion length, the rate of accurate initial insertion depth remained suboptimal. Newer methods of determining optimal position need to be evaluated.

  10. Escherichia coli type III secretion system 2 regulator EtrA promotes virulence of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shaohui; Xu, Xuan; Liu, Xin; Wang, Dong; Liang, Hua; Wu, Xiaojun; Tian, Mingxing; Ding, Chan; Wang, Guijun; Yu, Shengqing

    2017-10-01

    The Escherichia coli type III secretion system 2 (ETT2) is found in most E. coli strains, including pathogenic and commensal strains. Although many ETT2 gene clusters carry multiple genetic mutations or deletions, ETT2 is known to be involved in bacterial virulence. In enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), ETT2 affects adhesion through the regulator EtrA, which regulates transcription and secretion of the type III secretion system (T3SS) encoded by the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE). To date, no studies have been conducted on the role of EtrA in the virulence of avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC), which harbours only ETT2. Thus, we constructed etrA mutant and complemented strains of APEC and evaluated their phenotypes and pathogenicities. We found that the etrA gene deletion significantly reduced bacterial survival in macrophages, and proliferation and virulence in ducks. In addition, the etrA gene deletion reduced expression of the APEC fimbriae genes. Upregulation of genes encoding the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-8 was also observed in HD-11 macrophages infected with the etrA gene mutant strain compared to the wild-type strain. Furthermore, the altered capacities of the mutant strain were restored by genetic complementation. Our observations demonstrate that the ETT2 regulator EtrA contributes to the virulence of APEC.

  11. The insecure airway: a comparison of knots and commercial devices for securing endotracheal tubes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stürmann Kai M

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Endotracheal Tubes (ETTs are commonly secured using adhesive tape, cloth tape, or commercial devices. The objectives of the study were (1 To compare degrees of movement of ETTs secured with 6 different commercial devices and (2 To compare movement of ETTs secured with cloth tape tied with 3 different knots (hitches. Methods A 17 cm diameter PVC tube with 14 mm "mouth" hole in the side served as a mannequin. ETTs were subjected to repeated jerks, using a cable and pulley system. Measurements: (1 Total movement of ETTs relative to "mouth" (measure used for devices (2 Slippage of ETT through securing knot (measure used for knots. Results Among commercial devices, the Dale® showed less movement than other devices, although some differences between devices did not reach significance. Among knots, Magnus and Clove Hitches produced less slippage than the Cow Hitch, but these differences did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion Among devices tested, the Dale® was most secure. Within the scope offered by the small sample sizes, there were no statistically significant differences between the knots in this study.

  12. Severed cuff inflation tubing of endotracheal tube: A novel way to prevent cuff deflation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Amrut K; Chaudhuri, Souvik; Joseph, Tim T; Kamble, Deependra; Gotur, Gopal; Venkatesh, Sandeep

    2014-01-01

    A well-secured endotracheal tube (ETT) is essential for safe anesthesia. The ETT has to be fixed with the adhesive plasters or with tie along with adhesive plasters appropriately. It is specially required in patients having beard, in intensive care unit (ICU) patients or in oral surgeries. If re-adjustment of the ETT is necessary, we should be cautious while removal of the plasters and tie, as there may be damage to the cuff inflation system. This can be a rare cause of ETT cuff leak, thus making maintenance of adequate ventilation difficult and requiring re-intubation. In a difficult airway scenario, it can be extremely challenging to re-intubate again. We report an incidence where the ETT cuff tubing was severed while attempting to re-adjust and re-fix the ETT and the patient required re-intubation. Retrospectively, we thought of and describe a safe, reliable and novel technique to prevent cuff deflation of the severed inflation tube. The technique can also be used to monitor cuff pressure in such scenarios.

  13. Effects of Tribulus terrestris on monosodium iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis pain in rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Young Jin; Cho, Young-Rak; Oh, Joa Sub; Ahn, Eun-Kyung

    2017-01-01

    Tribulus terrestris L. (T. terrestris) has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of diuretic, lithontriptic, edema and urinary infections. Previous studies have indicated that it is effective in improving inflammation by regulating tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, nitric oxide (NO) and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2. However, the effects and mechanism of action of T. terrestris on osteoarthritis (OA) remain unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the effects of the ethanolic extract of T. terrestris (ETT) in a monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced OA animal model. OA was induced in LEW/SSNHSD rats by intra-articular injection of MIA. Morphometric changes and parameters of the tibial trabecular bone were determined using micro-computed tomography. The molecular mechanisms of ETT in OA were investigated using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, western blotting and gelatin zymogram analysis. Treatment with ETT attenuated MIA-induced OA, and this effect was mediated by the downregulation of NO synthase 2, COX-2, TNF-α and IL-6. Furthermore, the ETT-mediated attenuation of OA was also dependent on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases-2 and −9. The results of the current study indicate that further evaluation of the mechanisms underlying the attenuation of MIA-induced OA by ETT are required, and may support the development of ETT as a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as OA. PMID:28849084

  14. Estimation of tracheal pressure and imposed expiratory work of breathing by the endotracheal tube, heat and moisture exchanger, and ventilator during mechanical ventilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchiyama, Akinori; Yoshida, Takeshi; Yamanaka, Hidenori; Fujino, Yuji

    2013-07-01

    The resistance of the endotracheal tube (ETT), the heat and moisture exchanger (HME), and the ventilator may affect the patient's respiratory status. Although previous studies examined the inspiratory work of breathing (WOB), investigation of WOB in the expiratory phase is rare. We estimated tracheal pressure at the tip of the ETT (Ptrach) and calculated expiratory WOB imposed by the ETT, the HME, and the expiratory valve. We examined imposed expiratory WOB in patients under a continuous mandatory ventilation (CMV) mode and during spontaneous breathing trials (SBTs). We hypothesized that imposed expiratory WOB would increase with heightened ventilatory demand. We measured airway pressure (Paw) and respiratory flow (V). We estimated Ptrach using the equation Ptrach = Paw - K1 × V(K2) - 2.70 × V(L/s)(1.42). K1 and K2 were determined by the inner diameter (ID) of the ETT. Imposed expiratory WOB was calculated from the area of Ptrach above PEEP versus lung volume. We examined imposed expiratory WOB and imposed expiratory resistance in relation to mean expiratory flow. We examined 28 patients under CMV mode, and 29 during SBT. During both CMV and SBT, as mean expiratory flow increased, imposed expiratory WOB increased. The regression curves between mean expiratory flow (x) (L/s) and imposed expiratory WOB (y) (J/L) were y = 1.35x(0.83) (R(2) = 0.79) for 7 mm ID ETT under CMV, y = 1.12x(0.82) (R(2) = 0.73) for 8 mm ID ETT under CMV, y = 1.07x(1.04) (R(2) = 0.85) for 7 mm ID ETT during SBT, and y = 0.84x(0.93) (R(2) = 0.75) for 8 mm ID ETT during SBT. Levels of imposed expiratory WOB were affected by ETT diameter and ventilator mode. The reason for increasing imposed expiratory WOB was an increase in expiratory resistance imposed by the ETT and HME. Under mechanical ventilation, imposed expiratory WOB should be considered in patients with higher minute ventilation.

  15. Altitude-Related Change in Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressures in Helicopter EMS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisberg, Stacy N; McCall, Jonathan C; Tennyson, Joseph

    2017-06-01

    Over-inflation of endotracheal tube (ETT) cuffs has the potential to lead to scarring and stenosis of the trachea.1, 2,3, 4 The air inside an ETT cuff is subject to expansion as atmospheric pressure decreases, as happens with an increase in altitude. Emergency medical services helicopters are not pressurized, thereby providing a good environment for studying the effects of altitude changes ETT cuff pressures. This study aims to explore the relationship between altitude and ETT cuff pressures in a helicopter air-medical transport program. ETT cuffs were initially inflated in a nonstandardized manner and then adjusted to a pressure of 25 cmH 2 O. The pressure was again measured when the helicopter reached maximum altitude. A final pressure was recorded when the helicopter landed at the receiving facility. We enrolled 60 subjects in the study. The mean for initial tube cuff pressures was 70 cmH 2 O. Maximum altitude for the program ranged from 1,000-3,000 feet above sea level, with a change in altitude from 800-2,480 feet. Mean cuff pressure at altitude was 36.52 ± 8.56 cmH 2 O. Despite the significant change in cuff pressure at maximum altitude, there was no relationship found between the maximum altitude and the cuff pressures measured. Our study failed to demonstrate the expected linear relationship between ETT cuff pressures and the maximum altitude achieved during typical air-medical transportation in our system. At altitudes less than 3,000 feet above sea level, the effect of altitude change on ETT pressure is minimal and does not require a change in practice to saline-filled cuffs.

  16. Altitude-Related Change in Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressures in Helicopter EMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stacy N. Weisberg

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Over-inflation of endotracheal tube (ETT cuffs has the potential to lead to scarring and stenosis of the trachea. 1, 2, 3, 4 The air inside an ETT cuff is subject to expansion as atmospheric pressure decreases, as happens with an increase in altitude. Emergency medical services helicopters are not pressurized, thereby providing a good environment for studying the effects of altitude changes ETT cuff pressures. This study aims to explore the relationship between altitude and ETT cuff pressures in a helicopter air-medical transport program. Methods: ETT cuffs were initially inflated in a nonstandardized manner and then adjusted to a pressure of 25 cmH 2O. The pressure was again measured when the helicopter reached maximum altitude. A final pressure was recorded when the helicopter landed at the receiving facility. Results: We enrolled 60 subjects in the study. The mean for initial tube cuff pressures was 70 cmH 2O. Maximum altitude for the program ranged from 1,000–3,000 feet above sea level, with a change in altitude from 800–2,480 feet. Mean cuff pressure at altitude was 36.52 ± 8.56 cmH 2O. Despite the significant change in cuff pressure at maximum altitude, there was no relationship found between the maximum altitude and the cuff pressures measured. Conclusion: Our study failed to demonstrate the expected linear relationship between ETT cuff pressures and the maximum altitude achieved during typical air-medical transportation in our system. At altitudes less than 3,000 feet above sea level, the effect of altitude change on ETT pressure is minimal and does not require a change in practice to saline-filled cuffs.

  17. Ultrasonographic Estimation of Endotracheal Tube Size in Paediatric Patients and its Comparison with Physical Indices Based Formulae: A Prospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutagatti, Jagadish G; Raja, Ranjana; Kurdi, Madhuri S

    2017-05-01

    Choosing the correct Endotracheal Tube (ETT) size is important in paediatric anaesthesia. The subglottic diameter being the narrowest diameter of the paediatric upper airway plays an important role in appropriate ETT size selection. This study was planned to determine the accuracy of Ultrasonography (USG) to assess the appropriate ETT size and compare it with physical indices based formulae. The secondary outcome was to assess the number of times the tube was changed based on air leak test for USG estimated tube size. After ethical committee approval, a prospective clinical observational study for a period of one year was conducted on 75 children (power of study 80%, confidence interval 95%) aged one to 14 years of American Society of Anaesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA) I and II undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia with orotracheal intubation. Parental consent was obtained. Pre-anaesthetic ultrasonography was performed on every patient at the subglottic region. The tracheal subglottic diameter was estimated to select the ETT size for cuffed and uncuffed tubes. The size estimated by USG and that based on age and height based formulae were compared with clinically used appropriate tube size. Data analysis was done using IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0; One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and t-test for comparison were used. USG predicted the appropriate ETT size (psize well (p=0.58) and the height based formula did not correlate with clinically used tube size (p=0.0002 - a statistically significant value). Eight patients required change of tube once. Ultrasonographic estimation of subglottic diameter is useful for optimal paediatric ETT size selection. USG is effective in estimating the appropriate sized ETT both for cuffed and uncuffed tubes.

  18. Bronchial blocker versus left double-lumen endotracheal tube in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a randomized-controlled trial examining time and quality of lung deflation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bussières, Jean S; Somma, Jacques; Del Castillo, José Luis Carrasco; Lemieux, Jérôme; Conti, Massimo; Ugalde, Paula A; Gagné, Nathalie; Lacasse, Yves

    2016-07-01

    Double-lumen endotracheal tubes (DL-ETT) and bronchial blockers (BB) have both been used for lung isolation in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Though not well studied, it is widely thought that a DL-ETT provides faster and better quality lung collapse. The aim of this study was to compare a BB technique vs a left-sided DL-ETT strategy with regard to the time and quality of lung collapse during one-lung ventilation (OLV) for elective VATS. Forty patients requiring OLV for VATS were randomized to receive a BB (n = 20) or a left-sided DL-ETT (n = 20). The primary endpoint was the time from pleural opening (performed by the surgeon) until complete lung collapse. The time was evaluated offline by reviewing video recorded during the VATS. The quality of lung deflation was also graded offline using a visual scale (1 = no lung collapse; 2 = partial lung collapse; and 3 = total lung collapse) and was recorded at several time points after pleural incision. The surgeon also graded the time to complete lung collapse and quality of lung deflation during the procedure. The surgeon's guess as to which device was used for lung isolation was also recorded. Of the 40 patients enrolled in the study, 20 patients in the DL-ETT group and 18 in the BB group were analyzed. There mean (standard deviation) time to complete lung collapse of the operative lung was significantly faster using the BB compared with using the DL-ETT [7.5 (3.8) min vs 36.6 (29.1) min, respectively; mean difference, 29.1 min; 95% confidence interval, 1.8 to 7.2; P < 0.001]. Overall, a higher proportion of patients in the BB group than in the DL-ETT group achieved a quality of lung collapse score of 3 at five minutes (57% vs 6%, respectively; P < 0.004), ten minutes (73% vs 14%, respectively; P = 0.005), and 20 min (100% vs 25%, respectively; P = 0.002) after opening the pleura. The surgeon incorrectly guessed the type of device used in 78% of the BB group and 50% of the DL-ETT group (P = 0.10). The time and

  19. ProSeal Laryngeal Mask Airway Attenuates Systemic and Cerebral Hemodynamic Response During Awakening of Neurosurgical Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perelló-Cerdà, Laura; Fàbregas, Neus; López, Ana M; Rios, José; Tercero, Javier; Carrero, Enrique; Hurtado, Paola; Hervías, Adriana; Gracia, Isabel; Caral, Luis; de Riva, Nicolás; Valero, Ricard

    2015-07-01

    Extubation and emergence from anesthesia may lead to systemic and cerebral hemodynamic changes that endanger neurosurgical patients. We aimed to compare systemic and cerebral hemodynamic variables and cough incidence in neurosurgery patients emerging from general anesthesia with the standard procedure (endotracheal tube [ETT] extubation) or after replacement of the ETT with a laryngeal mask airway (LMA). Forty-two patients undergoing supratentorial craniotomy under general anesthesia were included in a randomized open-label parallel trial. Patients were randomized (sealed envelopes labeled with software-generated randomized numbers) to awaken with the ETT in place or after its replacement with a ProSeal LMA. We recorded mean arterial pressure as the primary endpoint and heart rate, middle cerebral artery flow velocity, regional cerebral oxygen saturation, norepinephrine plasma concentrations, and coughing. No differences were found between groups at baseline. All hemodynamic variables increased significantly from baseline in both groups during emergence. The ETT group had significantly higher mean arterial pressure (11.9 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.1-21.8 mm Hg) (P=0.017), heart rate (7.2 beats/min; 95% CI, 0.7-13.7 beats/min) (P=0.03), and rate-pressure product (1045.4; 95% CI, 440.8-1650) (P=0.001). Antihypertensive medication was administered to more ETT-group patients than LMA-group patients (9 [42.9%] vs. 3 [14.3%] patients, respectively; P=0.04). The percent increase in regional cerebral oxygen saturation was greater in the ETT group by 26.1% (95% CI, 9.1%-43.2%) (P=0.002), but no between-group differences were found in MCA flow velocity. Norepinephrine plasma concentrations rose in both groups between baseline and the end of emergence: LMA: from 87.5±7.1 to 125.6±17.3 pg/mL; and ETT: from 118.1±14.1 to 158.1±24.7 pg/mL (P=0.007). The differences between groups were not significant. The incidence of cough was higher in the ETT group (87

  20. Effect of heat and moisture exchanger (HME positioning on inspiratory gas humidification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nishimura Masaji

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In mechanically ventilated patients, we investigated how positioning the heat and moisture exchanger (HME at different places on the ventilator circuit affected inspiratory gas humidification. Methods Absolute humidity (AH and temperature (TEMP at the proximal end of endotracheal tube (ETT were measured in ten mechanically ventilated patients. The HME was connected either directly proximal to the ETT (Site 1 or at before the circuit Y-piece (Site 2: distance from proximal end of ETT and Site 2 was about 19 cm (Figure. 1. Two devices, Hygrobac S (Mallinckrodt Dar, Mirandola, Italy and Thermovent HEPA (Smiths Medical International Ltd., Kent, UK were tested. AH and TEMP were measured with a hygrometer (Moiscope, MERA Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. Results Hygrobac S provided significantly higher AH and TEMP at both sites than Thermovent HEPA. Both Hygrobac S and with Thermovent HEPA provided significantly higher AH and TEMP when placed proximally to the ETT. Conclusion Although placement proximal to the ETT improved both AH and TEMP in both HMEs tested, one HME performed better in the distal position than the other HME in the proximal position. We conclude the both the type and placement of HME can make a significant difference in maintaining AH and TEMP during adult ventilation.

  1. Effect of heat and moisture exchanger (HME) positioning on inspiratory gas humidification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inui, Daisuke; Oto, Jun; Nishimura, Masaji

    2006-01-01

    Background In mechanically ventilated patients, we investigated how positioning the heat and moisture exchanger (HME) at different places on the ventilator circuit affected inspiratory gas humidification. Methods Absolute humidity (AH) and temperature (TEMP) at the proximal end of endotracheal tube (ETT) were measured in ten mechanically ventilated patients. The HME was connected either directly proximal to the ETT (Site 1) or at before the circuit Y-piece (Site 2: distance from proximal end of ETT and Site 2 was about 19 cm) (Figure. 1). Two devices, Hygrobac S (Mallinckrodt Dar, Mirandola, Italy) and Thermovent HEPA (Smiths Medical International Ltd., Kent, UK) were tested. AH and TEMP were measured with a hygrometer (Moiscope, MERA Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan). Results Hygrobac S provided significantly higher AH and TEMP at both sites than Thermovent HEPA. Both Hygrobac S and with Thermovent HEPA provided significantly higher AH and TEMP when placed proximally to the ETT. Conclusion Although placement proximal to the ETT improved both AH and TEMP in both HMEs tested, one HME performed better in the distal position than the other HME in the proximal position. We conclude the both the type and placement of HME can make a significant difference in maintaining AH and TEMP during adult ventilation. PMID:16895607

  2. Registry of emergency airways arriving at combat hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Bruce D; Cuniowski, Peter A; Muck, Andrew; De Lorenzo, Robert A

    2008-06-01

    Prehospital Emergency Medical Services have demonstrated variable success with regards to prehospital airway management in U.S. civilian settings. We attempted to identify the incidence of successful prehospital endotracheal intubations in the modern combat environment. This was a prospective, observational study. Data collection occurred at Combat Support Hospitals (CSH) within Operation Iraqi Freedom locations between January 2005 and March 2007. Military trauma physicians systematically examined casualties presenting to the CSH that received advanced prehospital airway management. Correct endotracheal tube (ETT) positioning was verified using an explicit combination of clinical findings and colorimetric end-tidal carbon dioxide detection. The primary outcome was correct placement of the ETTs by combat prehospital providers. A total of 6,875 combat casualties presented to participating CSHs during the study period, of which there were 293 (4.2%) advanced prehospital airways, of which 282 (97.3%) were trauma patients. Prehospital airway management included: 253 endotracheal intubations (86.6%); 23 supraglottic airways (7.5%), and 17 cricothyrotomies (5.8%). Of the ETTs, upon arrival to the CSH, 242 (95.7%) were determined to be correctly placed. There were 11 incorrectly placed ETTs: 10 were in the right mainstem bronchus, and 1 was found to be dislodged in the hypopharynx. There were no unrecognized battlefield esophageal intubations. Under combat conditions, the overall rate of correctly placed ETTs performed by military prehospital providers was comparable with that of published U.S. civilian paramedic data.

  3. The use of laryngeal mask airway for adenoidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boroda, Nickolas; Malesinska, Monika; Kars, Michelle S; Smith, Lee P

    2018-04-01

    Airway management during adenoidectomy is traditionally performed through endotracheal intubation (ETT). Laryngeal mask airway (LMA) may be less stimulating to the airway and allow for shorter overall operating room time. Previous studies report LMA use during adenotonsillectomy. There has been no prior evaluation of LMA use during adenoidectomy alone. In this study, we attempt to identify the rate and contributing factors of LMA failure during adenoidectomy. All pediatric patients undergoing adenoidectomy between January 1, 2016 and June 30, 2017 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical data were collected and analyzed to determine the need for conversion to ETT and the occurrence of any complications. Our study revealed 139 pediatric patients who underwent adenoidectomy during the study period. 110 patients had adenoidectomy performed with LMA and 27 patients had ETT. Two patients (1.8%) required conversion to ETT because of difficulty with ventilation when the mouth gag was in place. There were no complications. Mean operating room time was 20 min less in the LMA group (P < 0.05). The use of an LMA in adenoidectomy may be a safe and effective alternative to ETT. More study is required to determine overall complication rates. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Escherichia coli Type III Secretion System 2 ATPase EivC Is Involved in the Motility and Virulence of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shaohui; Liu, Xin; Xu, Xuan; Yang, Denghui; Wang, Dong; Han, Xiangan; Shi, Yonghong; Tian, Mingxing; Ding, Chan; Peng, Daxin; Yu, Shengqing

    2016-01-01

    Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) are crucial for bacterial infections because they deliver effector proteins into host cells. The Escherichia coli type III secretion system 2 (ETT2) is present in the majority of E. coli strains, and although it is degenerate, ETT2 regulates bacterial virulence. An ATPase is essential for T3SS secretion, but the function of the ETT2 ATPase has not been demonstrated. Here, we show that EivC is homologous to the β subunit of F0F1 ATPases and it possesses ATPase activity. To investigate the effects of ETT2 ATPase EivC on the phenotype and virulence of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC), eivC mutant and complemented strains were constructed and characterized. Inactivation of eivC led to impaired flagella production and augmented fimbriae on the bacterial surface, and, consequently, reduced bacterial motility. In addition, the eivC mutant strain exhibited attenuated virulence in ducks, diminished serum resistance, reduced survival in macrophage cells and in ducks, upregulated fimbrial gene expression, and downregulated flagellar and virulence gene expression. The expression of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-8 were increased in HD-11 macrophages infected with the eivC mutant strain, compared with the wild-type strain. These virulence-related phenotypes were restored by genetic complementation. These findings demonstrate that ETT2 ATPase EivC is involved in the motility and pathogenicity of APEC.

  5. Escherichia coli Type III Secretion System 2 ATPase EivC is Involved in the Motility and Virulence of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaohui Wang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Type III secretion systems (T3SSs are crucial for bacterial infections because they deliver effector proteins into host cells. The Escherichia coli type III secretion system 2 (ETT2 is present in the majority of E. coli strains, and although it is degenerate, ETT2 regulates bacterial virulence. An ATPase is essential for T3SS secretion, but the function of the ETT2 ATPase has not been demonstrated. Here we show that EivC is homologous to the β subunit of F0F1 ATPases and it possesses ATPase activity. To investigate the effects of ETT2 ATPase EivC on the phenotype and virulence of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC, eivC mutant and complemented strains were constructed and characterized. Inactivation of eivC led to impaired flagella production and augmented fimbriae on the bacterial surface, and, consequently, reduced bacterial motility. In addition, the eivC mutant strain exhibited attenuated virulence in ducks, diminished serum resistance, reduced survival in macrophage cells and in ducks, upregulated fimbrial gene expression, and downregulated flagellar and virulence gene expression. The expression of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL-1β and IL-8 were increased in HD-11 macrophages infected with the eivC mutant strain, compared with the wild-type strain. These virulence-related phenotypes were restored by genetic complementation. These findings demonstrate that ETT2 ATPase EivC is involved in the motility and pathogenicity of APEC.

  6. Intraoperative Atelectasis Due to Endotracheal Tube Cuff Herniation: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Madineh

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Endotracheal tube (ETT cuff herniation is a rare, and often difficult to diagnose, cause of bronchial obstruction. We present a case of outside cuff herniation of an endotracheal tube that caused pulmonary right lung atelectasis. A 29-year-old man ,a case of car accident with multiple fractures, was admitted to the emergency ward and transferred to the operating room(OR for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF of all fractures .The procedures were done under general anesthesia (G/A. The past medical history of the patient did not indicate any problem. Anesthesia was induced with thiopental, atracurium and then maintained by propofol and remifentanyl infusions and 100% O2 via orally inserted ETT. The patient was positioned in left lateral decubitus position for operation. Two hours after induction of anesthesia, the oxygen saturation level dropped to 85 % and the breath sounds in the right side of the chest were weakened. The chest x-ray images showed right lung atelectasis especially in the upper lobe. The problem was disappeared after removal of the ETT. In this case, we observed that an ETT cuff herniation can be a cause of airway obstruction. If there is a decreased unilateral breath sounds, we recommend replacement or repositioning of ETT.

  7. Community analysis of dental plaque and endotracheal tube biofilms from mechanically ventilated patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marino, Poala J; Wise, Matt P; Smith, Ann; Marchesi, Julian R; Riggio, Marcello P; Lewis, Michael A O; Williams, David W

    2017-06-01

    Mechanically ventilated patients are at risk for developing ventilator-associated pneumonia, and it has been reported that dental plaque provides a reservoir of respiratory pathogens that may aspirate to the lungs and endotracheal tube (ETT) biofilms. For the first time, metataxonomics was used to simultaneously characterize the microbiome of dental plaque, ETTs, and non-directed bronchial lavages (NBLs) in mechanically ventilated patients to determine similarities in respective microbial communities and therefore likely associations. Bacterial 16S rRNA gene sequences from 34 samples of dental plaque, NBLs, and ETTs from 12 adult mechanically ventilated patients were analyzed. No significant differences in the microbial communities of these samples were evident. Detected bacteria were primarily oral species (e.g., Fusobacterium nucleatum, Streptococcus salivarius, Prevotella melaninogenica) with respiratory pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcuspneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae) also in high abundance. The high similarity between the microbiomes of dental plaque, NBLs, and ETTs suggests that the oral cavity is indeed an important site involved in microbial aspiration to the lower airway and ETT. As such, maintenance of good oral hygiene is likely to be highly important in limiting aspiration of bacteria in this vulnerable patient group. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Sonographic image of cervix epithelioid trophoblastic tumor coexisting with mucinous adenocarcinoma in a postmenopausal woman: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yi; Zhang, Guo-Nan; Zhang, Rui-Bo; Shi, Yu; Wang, Deng-Feng; He, Rong

    2017-09-01

    Epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (ETT) is a distinctive but rare gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) composed of chorionic-type intermediate trophoblast cells. Approximately 50% ETT arose from the uterine cervix or lower uterine segment following a previous pregnancy with vaginal bleeding. With its unusual ability to simulate an invasive epithelioid neoplasm, ETT frequently poses a diagnostic challenge, especially involving the uterine cervix. We herein report the case of a 60-year-old female with persistent vaginal bleeding and middle-level elevation of serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Ultrasound revealed a 3.0 × 2.7 cm well-circumscribed, strongly echogenic lesion in the cervix, with a peripheral pattern of Doppler signals. The enhanced pattern by contrast-enhanced ultrasound displayed strong peripheral enhancement accompanied with globular appearance, then centripetal filling completely, and fading away rapidly. The final pathological diagnosis was ETT accompanying mucinous adenocarcinoma. Due to the pre-operative evaluation of a presumed IB2 cervix mucinous adenocarcinoma, the patient was treated with 2 courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical hysterectomy. The patient is currently disease-free for the past 1 year. This case report demonstrates that sonographic image of tumor shapes and blood flow could be helpful in differentiating ETT from another GTN and enable more accurate diagnosis before treatment.

  9. Influence of Low Peak Respiratory Exchange Ratio on Cardiac Rehabilitation in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Chul; Choi, Hee Eun; Lee, Ki Hoon; Kim, Young Joo; Lee, Sang Jae

    2016-12-01

    To compare and analyze the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in two groups based on the peak respiratory exchange ratio (RER peak ) 1.1 values using the exercise tolerance test (ETT) results, and to investigate the reasons for early termination of ETT. Patients with acute coronary syndrome who participated in CR exercise training were selected and all subjects underwent 6 weeks of CR exercise training. ETT was performed on a treadmill using a Modified Bruce Protocol before and after CR exercise training. According to the result of the first ETT, the subjects were divided into two groups: those with an RER peak ≥1.1 (n=33) and those with an RER peak rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and RPP (rate pressure product) at stage 3 decreased in both the RER peak means that patients with a lower exercise tolerance could also benefit from the effects of CR. Thoughtful consideration to identify the direct and indirect causes for the early termination of ETT would be necessary to improve the efficiency of CR.

  10. Effects of Tribulus terrestris on monosodium iodoacetate‑induced osteoarthritis pain in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Young Jin; Cho, Young-Rak; Oh, Joa Sub; Ahn, Eun-Kyung

    2017-10-01

    Tribulus terrestris L. (T. terrestris) has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of diuretic, lithontriptic, edema and urinary infections. Previous studies have indicated that it is effective in improving inflammation by regulating tumor necrosis factor‑α (TNF)‑α, interleukin (IL)‑6, IL‑10, nitric oxide (NO) and cyclooxygenase (COX)‑2. However, the effects and mechanism of action of T. terrestris on osteoarthritis (OA) remain unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the effects of the ethanolic extract of T. terrestris (ETT) in a monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)‑induced OA animal model. OA was induced in LEW/SSNHSD rats by intra‑articular injection of MIA. Morphometric changes and parameters of the tibial trabecular bone were determined using micro‑computed tomography. The molecular mechanisms of ETT in OA were investigated using reverse transcription‑polymerase chain reaction, western blotting and gelatin zymogram analysis. Treatment with ETT attenuated MIA‑induced OA, and this effect was mediated by the downregulation of NO synthase 2, COX‑2, TNF‑α and IL‑6. Furthermore, the ETT‑mediated attenuation of OA was also dependent on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases‑2 and ‑9. The results of the current study indicate that further evaluation of the mechanisms underlying the attenuation of MIA‑induced OA by ETT are required, and may support the development of ETT as a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as OA.

  11. Kirjanpitäjän ja asiakkaan yhteistyö : Kirjanpidon opas yrittäjälle

    OpenAIRE

    Välimäki, Petra

    2014-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön aihe syntyi huomiosta, että kirjanpitäjän ja asiakkaan välistä kommunikaatiota voisi parantaa. Kirjanpitäjä on alansa asiantuntija, joka tarjoaa osaamistaan asiakkaille kirjanpitopalvelujen muodossa. Usein asiakas saattaa tietää kirjanpidosta niin vähän, että hänen ja kirjanpitäjän välinen vuorovaikutus vaikeutuu. Asiakkailla saattaa myös olla vanhentuneita käsityksiä siitä, että kirjanpitoa tehtäisiin vain verottajaa varten. Opinnäytetyön tavoite oli tarkastella kirjanpit...

  12. Den sociala frågans återkomst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersson, Kenneth; Olsson, Ulf; Krejsler, John B.

    2014-01-01

    Inom samtidens berättelse om Europeisk utbildningspolitik betraktas livslangt lärande och den sociala dimensionen som centrala begrepp för att göra det möjligt att förverkliga den vision, EUROPE 2020 om ett framtida Europa med "smart, hållbar och inkluderande tillväxt", som antogs i 2010 (COM, 2010......, s.1). I denna berättelse betraktas det livslånga lärande som en förutsättning för såväl samhällets som individens lyckosamma utveckling samt för att skapa ett gott samhälle, demokratisk förståelse och ett aktiv medborgerligt deltagande (London Kommuniké 2007)....

  13. Escherichia coli type III secretion system 2: a new kind of T3SS?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Mingxu; Guo, Zhiyan; Duan, Qiangde; Hardwidge, Philip R; Zhu, Guoqiang

    2014-03-19

    Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) are employed by Gram-negative bacteria to deliver effector proteins into the cytoplasm of infected host cells. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli use a T3SS to deliver effector proteins that result in the creation of the attaching and effacing lesions. The genome sequence of the Escherichia coli pathotype O157:H7 revealed the existence of a gene cluster encoding components of a second type III secretion system, the E. coli type III secretion system 2 (ETT2). Researchers have revealed that, although ETT2 may not be a functional secretion system in most (or all) strains, it still plays an important role in bacterial virulence. This article summarizes current knowledge regarding the E. coli ETT2, including its genetic characteristics, prevalence, function, association with virulence, and prospects for future work.

  14. Are specialized endotracheal tubes and heat-and-moisture exchangers cost-effective in preventing ventilator associated pneumonia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentile, Michael A; Siobal, Mark S

    2010-02-01

    Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common and serious complication of mechanical ventilation via an artificial airway. As with all nosocomial infections, VAP increases costs, morbidity, and mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU). VAP prevention is a multifaceted priority of the intensive care team, and can include the use of specialized artificial airways and heat-and-moisture exchangers (HME). Substantial evidence supports the use of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) that allow subglottic suctioning; silver-coated and antiseptic-impregnated ETTs; ETTs with thin-walled polyurethane cuffs; and HMEs, but these devices also can have adverse effects. Controversy still exists regarding the evidence, cost-effectiveness, and disadvantages and risks of these devices.

  15. Jämförelse av vertikala accelerationer av järnvägsbroar för höghastighetståg.

    OpenAIRE

    Shoaibi, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Under de senaste decennierna parallellt med klimatdiskussionen har det vuxit fram ett stort intresse för höghastighetståg och en förbättrad infrastruktur i Sverige. I delar av Europa men speciellt i Kina och Japan har utvecklingen av höghastighetståg fått ett enormt lyft. Ett problem vid höjda tåghastigheter är att broarna vid en kombination av låg massa och låg egenfrekvens riskerar att orsaka resonans och höga accelerationsnivåer vid passage. Ballastspår är namnet för det traditionella järn...

  16. Discordance of exercise thallium testing with coronary arteriography in patients with atypical presentations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bungo, M. W.; Leland, O. S., Jr.

    1983-01-01

    Eighty-one patients with diagnostically difficult clinical presentations suggesting coronary artery disease underwent symptom-limited maximal-exercise treadmill testing (ETT) and exercise radionuclide scanning with thallium-201 followed by coronary angiography. Results showed that in nearly half of the patients (47%) these tests were in agreement, while either exercise thallium or ETT was positive in 94% of patients with coronary artery disease. It was found that agreement between exercise thallium and ETT tests predicted disease in 92% of the instances or excluded disease in 82% of the instances. It is concluded that despite frequent discord between these two tests in 53% of the cases, a significant gain in exclusive diagnostic capability is realized when applied to a patient population anticipated to have a disease prevalence equal to the 67% encountered in this study.

  17. Utskrift av tredimensionell arkitekturmodell

    OpenAIRE

    Nylund, Johnny

    2015-01-01

    I examensarbetet behandlas modellering av hus anpassade för 3D-skrivning. Uppdragsgivare har varit Purmia Grön, ett företag i Pedersöre som har byggnadsplanering och 3D-modellering som huvudsakliga affärsområde. Målet med examensarbetet var att skapa en modell av ett hus som skulle lämpa sig för 3D-skrivning och inkorporera olika visuella designaspekter. 3D-skrivning är en tillverkningsprocess där ett fysiskt objekt skapas från en digital modell. Metoden har tidigare använts främst av stö...

  18. Kritiska Framgångsfaktorer i Tjänsteinnovativa Företag

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Karkhi, Saif; Petrén, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Innovation är numera en central del av företagens aktiviteter för att upprätthålla konkurrenskraft och definieras som den praktiska tillämpningen av idé till en ny produkt eller tjänst. Tidigare forskning inom ämnet har främst fokuserat på produkt- och processinnovation inom tillverkning och industri. Parallellt har ett nytt intresse inom tjänsteinnovation uppkommit där antalet studier och undersökningar har ökat som ett resultat av en växande tjänstesektor och dess påverkan på ekonomin. Ett ...

  19. Kritik av den negativa uppbyggligheten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stjernfelt, Frederik; Thomsen, Søren Ulrik

    Under efterkrigstiden har ett märkligt fenomen fått fäste i kulturen. Ett konstverk, en handling, en utsaga bedöms inte längre efter om de är sköna, goda och sanna, utan efter om de bryter mot regler, gör uppror mot det konventionella eller angriper etablerade tänkesätt. Överskridandet av normer...... och provokationen mot inrotade uppfattningar framställs som viktigare än de positiva resultaten, avståndstagandet viktigare än ställningstagandet. Från att ha varit idéer hos ett fåtal filosofer, konstnärer och bohemer har denna negativism efterhand blivit en ideologi för den breda massan. Den...

  20. Neuromarketing : En kvalitativ studie, där svenska marknadsföringsexperters förhållningssätt till neuromarketing behandlas.

    OpenAIRE

    Tegelberg, Linda; Kallo, Juliana

    2017-01-01

    I ett samhälle där konsumenter översköljs av information, har marknadsförare tvingats hitta nya vägar att nå ut med sitt budskap. Marknadsförare måste förutom att tränga igenom ett massivt brus av reklam, söka djup förståelse kring konsumenters beteenden. Ett sätt att göra detta på, är genom ämnet neuromarketing som är en kombination av neurovetenskap och marknadsföring. Neuromarketing äntrade världen så sent som 2002. Neuromarketing består av tre stora forskningsområden: neurovetenskap, bete...

  1. A semi-Dirac point and an electromagnetic topological transition in a dielectric photonic crystal

    KAUST Repository

    Wu, Ying

    2014-01-01

    Accidental degeneracy in a photonic crystal consisting of a square array of elliptical dielectric cylinders leads to both a semi-Dirac point at the center of the Brillouin zone and an electromagnetic topological transition (ETT). A perturbation method is deduced to affirm the peculiar linear-parabolic dispersion near the semi-Dirac point. An effective medium theory is developed to explain the simultaneous semi-Dirac point and ETT and to show that the photonic crystal is either a zero-refractive-index material or an epsilon-near-zero material at the semi-Dirac point. Drastic changes in the wave manipulation properties at the semi-Dirac point, resulting from ETT, are described.©2014 Optical Society of America.

  2. Replacing a double-lumen tube with a single-lumen tube or a laryngeal mask airway device to reduce coughing at emergence after thoracic surgery: a randomized controlled single-blind trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanoubi, Issam; Sun, Joanna Ng Man; Drolet, Pierre; Fortier, Louis-Philippe; Donati, François

    2015-09-01

    Coughing episodes occur frequently at extubation after thoracic surgery, and this may be due in part to the double-lumen tube (DLT). In this study, the DLT was replaced with either a single-lumen endotracheal tube (ETT) or a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) device or left in place, and the incidence of coughing at emergence was compared between the three groups. Fifty-eight adults scheduled for thoracic surgery with a DLT were included. Exclusion criteria were an anticipated difficult airway, obesity, and contraindication to the use of an LMA ProSeal™ (LMA-P). After surgery but before emergence, patients were randomized to having the DLT (1) removed and replaced by an LMA-P (LMA-P Group), (2) removed and replaced by an ETT (ETT Group), or (3) left in place (DLT Group). The primary outcome was the number of coughing episodes at extubation. Among 184 patients screened, 124 did not meet inclusion criteria, and two patients, both in the ETT Group, were excluded after randomization, leaving 20, 18, and 20 patients in the LMA-P, ETT, and DLT Groups, respectively. There were fewer coughing episodes (median [quartiles]) in the LMA-P Group than in the DLT Group (0[0-1] vs 2[1-3], respectively; P = 0.01). In the DLT Group, 90% of patients coughed at least once. This incidence was not significantly different in the ETT Group (83%; P = 0.222) but was significantly reduced in the LMA-P Group (35%; P replaced by an LMA-P before emergence. The number of patients in this trial was too small to evaluate the risks associated with exchanging the airway device. This trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00925613.

  3. Cuffed endotracheal tubes in infants and children: a technique to continuously measure the intracuff pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gopalakrishnan, Senthil; Barry, N'Diris; Rice, Julie; Tobias, Joseph D

    2013-07-01

    Various devices have been used to measure the intracuff pressure (CP) of an endotracheal tube at the time of inflation; however, no device has found widespread acceptance for the continuous monitoring of CP. We devised a simple method to continuously measure the CP using an invasive pressure monitoring setup (IPMS), which is used routinely in the operating room to monitor arterial or central venous pressures. The accuracy of the device was compared to those obtained from a commercially available and clinically used manometer (MM). Size 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 mm ID cETTs were placed into one of 3 sizes of polyvinylchloride (PVC) tubes. The cuff of the cETT was inflated after inserting the cETT into the PVC pipes. After inflation, the CP was simultaneously checked using the MM and the IPMS. A total of 100 simultaneous (IPMS and MM) readings were obtained from each of the 3 sizes of cETT with the intracuff pressure randomly varying between 10 and 40 cmH₂O. Statistical analysis included a Bland-Altman comparison to determine the bias, mean, and 95% levels of agreement (LOA), and a linear regression analysis. Linear regression analysis demonstrated an R(2) value of 0.988, 0.9899, and 0.9879 when comparing the pressure from the IPMS and MM from the 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 mm cETT, respectively. A standard IPMS can be used to continuously monitor intracuff pressure with the use of a cETT. Although various techniques can be used safely to avoid hyperinflation of the cuff, they provide only an instantaneous measure of the CP. The current technique allows for continuous monitoring of CP during prolonged cases or in other clinical scenarios when such monitoring is required. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Efficacy of Hi-Lo Evac Endotracheal Tube in Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Mechanically Ventilated Poisoned Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghoochani Khorasani, Ahmad; Shadnia, Shahin; Mashayekhian, Mohammad; Rahimi, Mitra; Aghabiklooei, Abbas

    2016-01-01

    Background. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common health care-associated infection. To prevent this complication, aspiration of subglottic secretions using Hi-Lo Evac endotracheal tube (Evac ETT) is a recommended intervention. However, there are some reports on Evac ETT dysfunction. We aimed to compare the incidence of VAP (per ventilated patients) in severely ill poisoned patients who were intubated using Evac ETT versus conventional endotracheal tubes (C-ETT) in our toxicology ICU. Materials and Methods. In this clinical randomized trial, 91 eligible patients with an expected duration of mechanical ventilation of more than 48 hours were recruited and randomly assigned into two groups: (1) subglottic secretion drainage (SSD) group who were intubated by Evac ETT (n = 43) and (2) control group who were intubated by C-ETT (n = 48). Results. Of the 91 eligible patients, 56 (61.5%) were male. VAP was detected in 24 of 43 (55.8%) patients in the case group and 23 of 48 (47.9%) patients in the control group (P = 0.45). The most frequently isolated microorganisms were S. aureus (54.10%) and Acinetobacter spp. (19.68%). The incidence of VAP and ICU length of stay were not significantly different between the two groups, but duration of intubation was statistically different and was longer in the SSD group. Mortality rate was less in SSD group but without a significant difference (P = 0.68). Conclusion. The SSD procedure was performed intermittently with one-hour intervals using 10 mL syringe. Subglottic secretion drainage does not significantly reduce the incidence of VAP in patients receiving MV. This strategy appears to be ineffective in preventing VAP among ICU patients.

  5. The impact of hospital-wide use of a tapered-cuff endotracheal tube on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowton, David L; Hite, R Duncan; Martin, R Shayn; Sherertz, Robert

    2013-10-01

    Aspiration of colonized oropharyngeal secretions is a major factor in the pathogenesis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). A tapered-cuff endotracheal tube (ETT) has been demonstrated to reduce aspiration around the cuff. Whether these properties are efficacious in reducing VAP is not known. This 2-period, investigator-initiated observational study was designed to assess the efficacy of a tapered-cuff ETT to reduce the VAP rate. All intubated, mechanically ventilated patients over the age of 18 were included. During the baseline period a standard, barrel-shaped-cuff ETT (Mallinckrodt Hi-Lo) was used. All ETTs throughout the hospital were then replaced with a tapered-cuff ETT (TaperGuard). The primary outcome variable was the incidence of VAP per 1,000 ventilator days. We included 2,849 subjects, encompassing 15,250 ventilator days. The mean ± SD monthly VAP rate was 3.29 ± 1.79/1,000 ventilator days in the standard-cuff group and 2.77 ± 2.00/1,000 ventilator days in the tapered-cuff group (P = .65). While adherence to the VAP prevention bundle was high throughout the study, bundle adherence was significantly higher during the standard-cuff period (96.5 ± 2.7%) than in the tapered-cuff period (90.3 ± 3.5%, P = .01). In the setting of a VAP rate very near the average of ICUs in the United States, and where there was high adherence to a VAP prevention bundle, the use of a tapered-cuff ETT was not associated with a reduction in the VAP rate.

  6. Efficacy of Hi-Lo Evac Endotracheal Tube in Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Mechanically Ventilated Poisoned Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Ghoochani Khorasani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP is the most common health care-associated infection. To prevent this complication, aspiration of subglottic secretions using Hi-Lo Evac endotracheal tube (Evac ETT is a recommended intervention. However, there are some reports on Evac ETT dysfunction. We aimed to compare the incidence of VAP (per ventilated patients in severely ill poisoned patients who were intubated using Evac ETT versus conventional endotracheal tubes (C-ETT in our toxicology ICU. Materials and Methods. In this clinical randomized trial, 91 eligible patients with an expected duration of mechanical ventilation of more than 48 hours were recruited and randomly assigned into two groups: (1 subglottic secretion drainage (SSD group who were intubated by Evac ETT (n=43 and (2 control group who were intubated by C-ETT (n=48. Results. Of the 91 eligible patients, 56 (61.5% were male. VAP was detected in 24 of 43 (55.8% patients in the case group and 23 of 48 (47.9% patients in the control group (P=0.45. The most frequently isolated microorganisms were S. aureus (54.10% and Acinetobacter spp. (19.68%. The incidence of VAP and ICU length of stay were not significantly different between the two groups, but duration of intubation was statistically different and was longer in the SSD group. Mortality rate was less in SSD group but without a significant difference (P=0.68. Conclusion. The SSD procedure was performed intermittently with one-hour intervals using 10 mL syringe. Subglottic secretion drainage does not significantly reduce the incidence of VAP in patients receiving MV. This strategy appears to be ineffective in preventing VAP among ICU patients.

  7. Comparison of prophylactic effects of polyurethane cylindrical or tapered cuff and polyvinyl chloride cuff endotracheal tubes on ventilator-associated pneumonia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ata Mahmoodpoor

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Because microaspiration of contaminated supraglottic secretions past the endotracheal tube cuff is considered to be central in the pathogenesis of pneumonia, improved design of tracheal tubes with new cuff material and shape have reduced the size and number of folds, which together with the addition of suction ports above the cuff to drain pooled subglottic secretions leads to reduced aspiration of oropharyngeal secretions. So we conducted a study to compare the prophylactic effects of polyurethane-cylindrical or tapered cuff and polyvinyl chloride cuff endotracheal tubes (ETT on ventilator-associated pneumonia. This randomized clinical trial was carried out in a 12 bed surgical intensive care unit. 96 patients expected to require mechanical ventilation more than 96 hours were randomly allocated to one of three following groups: Polyvinyl chloride cuff (PCV ETT, Polyurethane (PU cylindrical Sealguard ETT and PU Taperguard ETT. Cuff pressure monitored every three hours 3 days in all patients. Mean cuff pressure didn't have significant difference between three groups during 72 hours. Pneumonia was seen in 11 patients (34% in group PVC, 8 (25% in Sealguard and 7 (21% in Taperguard group. Changes in mean cuff pressure between Sealguard and PVC tubes and also between Taperguard and PVC tubes did not show any significant difference. There was no significant difference in overinflation between three groups. The use of ETT with PU material results in reducing ventilator-associated pneumonia compared to ETT with PVC cuff. In PU tubes Taperguard has less incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia compared to Sealguard tubes.

  8. Prospective randomized comparative study of use of PLMA and ET tube for airway management in children under general anaesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mamta G Patel

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available ProSeal TM Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA for children had been introduced in 2004, by Dr. Archie Brain. It has, in addition to Classic Laryngeal Mask Airway (CLMA, a drainage tube for providing a bypass channel for gastric contents to prevent regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration. A randomized prospective study was performed comprising of 60 ASA - I/II patients, between the age groups of 3 and 10 years, of either sex. All the patients were premedicated with oral Midazolam and Glycopyrollate. General anaesthesia with caudal epidural analgesia was given in all the cases. Inhalation with 8% Sevoflurane was used as a sole induction agent in all the patients. They were randomly divided into two groups. PLMA was inserted in patients of Group P and Endotracheal Tube (ETT in patients of Group I. In all cases, after PLMA / ETT insertion; caudal epidural analgesia was given and general anaesthesia (GA using Sevoflurane was provided for maintenance of anaesthesia. Muscle relaxant was not used in our study. We studied parameters such as number of attempts, ease of insertion and conditions during insertion, haemodynamic parameters, changes in SpO 2 , EtCO 2 , gastric insufflation, regurgitation, pulmonary aspiration, postoperative airway complications and so on. We found that insertion of PLMA as well as ETT was performed in the first attempt in all the patients. Ease of insertion and conditions during insertion were comparable in both the groups. Changes in SpO 2 and EtCO 2 were comparable. However, highly significant changes in haemodynamic parameters were observed in the ETT group. Complications such as sore throat (13.33% cases, coughing (40% cases, vomiting (3.33% cases and hypoxia (3.33% cases were observed in the ETT group. No gastric insufflation or regurgitation was noted in our study. Thus, we concluded that PLMA could be used as an effective and safe airway device in children compared to ETT undergoing general anaesthesia.

  9. Optimal Line and Tube Placement in Very Preterm Neonates: An Audit of Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daragh Finn

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Placement of endotracheal tubes (ETTs and umbilical catheters (UCs is essential in very preterm infant care. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an educational initiative to optimize correct placement of ETTs and UCs in very preterm infants. Methods: A pre–post study design, evaluating optimal radiological position of ETTs and UCs in the first 72 h of life in infants <32 weeks gestational age (GA was performed. Baseline data was obtained from a preceding 34-month period. The study intervention consisted of information from the pre-intervention audit, surface anatomy images of the newborn for optimal UC positioning, and weight-based calculations to estimate insertion depths for endotracheal intubation. A prospective evaluation of radiological placement of ETTs and UCs was then conducted over a 12-month period. Results: During the study period, 211 infants had at least one of the three procedures performed. One hundred and fifty-seven infants were included in the pre-education group, and 54 in the post-education group. All three procedures were performed in 50.3% (79/157 in the pre-education group, and 55.6% (30/54 in the post-education group. There was no significant difference in accurate placement following the introduction of the educational sessions; depth of ETTs (50% vs. 47%, umbilical arterial catheter (UAC (40% vs. 43%,, and umbilical venous catheter (UVC(14% vs. 23%. Conclusion: Despite education of staff on methods for appropriate ETT, UVC and UAC insertion length, the rate of accurate initial insertion depth remained suboptimal. Newer methods of determining optimal position need to be evaluated.

  10. Comparison of ventilatory efficacy and airway dynamics between ProSeal laryngeal mask airway and endotracheal tube in adult patients during general anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudheesh Kannan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Studies have demonstrated minimal hemodynamic variation and postoperative complications with ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA compared to endotracheal tube (ETT. Hence, a study was conducted to compare the ventilatory parameters and airway dynamics required to maintain normocarbia and stable hemodynamics with PLMA and ETT. Material and Methods: A prospective, randomized, single blinded study was conducted on 60 patients aged 20-40 years of American society of anesthesiologists class I and II, divided into Group PLMA and Group ETT. Standard anesthesia protocol was instituted. Group PLMA received PLMA sizes as per manufacturer′s recommendations and group ETT received appropriate sized cuffed ETT. Patients were initially ventilated at 14 bpm, I:E ratio 1:2, tidal volume (Vt 6 ml/kg and later adjusted to maintain end tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO 2 between 35 and 40 mmHg. Peak airway pressure (Ppeak, compliance (Compl., Vt, airway resistance (R aw , hemodynamic parameters, oxygen saturation (SpO 2 and EtCO 2 were recorded throughout surgery. Postoperative complications if any, were noted. Results: Demographic parameters, R aw , EtCO 2 , SpO 2 were comparable between groups. Ppeak was lower and Vt needed to maintain EtCO 2 of 35-40 mmHg was lesser in Group PLMA. Compl was low for 5 min after insertion of PLMA. Heart rate was significantly reduced at 1 min post insertion; blood pressures were significantly lower upto 2 min after insertion and post removal in group PLMA. Incidence of cough was significantly lower in group PLMA. Conclusion: ProSeal laryngeal mask airway maintains adequate ventilation at lower Vts and minimal peak pressures, has lesser hemodynamic variations and lower incidence of postoperative cough compared to ETT.

  11. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) of the upper airway

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    You-Ten, Kong Eric; Siddiqui, Naveed; Teoh, Wendy H

    2018-01-01

    of single-lumen endotracheal tubes (ETTs), double-lumen ETTs, and tracheostomy tubes. Ultrasonography can differentiate tracheal, esophageal, and endobronchial intubation. Ultrasonography of the neck can accurately localize the cricothyroid membrane for emergency airway access and similarly identify...... tracheal rings for US-guided tracheostomy. In addition, US can identify vocal cord dysfunction and pathology before induction of anesthesia. A rapidly growing body of evidence showing ultrasonography used in conjunction with hands-on management of the airway may benefit patient care. Increasing awareness...

  12. Digitaalisen tuottavuuskehittämisen luonne ja digitalisaation ennakoiminen : Palvelu- ja asiantuntija-alojen työtehtävien koneellistamisen ennakointimalli organisaatioiden strategiatyön tueksi

    OpenAIRE

    Tamminen, Lilja

    2017-01-01

    Opinnäytetyössä haetaan kirjallisuudesta keinoja arvioida tietoteknisiin sovelluksiin perustuvan tuottavuuskehittämisen luonnetta ja siihen perustuvaa digitalisaation etenemiskaavaa. Opinnäytetyön keskeinen taustaoletus on, että ihmistyötä automatisoivien sovellusten kehittämistä ei ohjaa ainoastaan niiden edellyttämä teknologian taso vaan myös taloudelliset kannustimet kohdentaa niiden kehittämiseen tutkimusresursseja. Aihetta tarkastellaan sekä perinteisen ohjelmistokehityksen että neurover...

  13. Eesti Kindlustuse peahoone V korruse renoveerimine esindusruumideks / Aivar Habakukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habakukk, Aivar

    1998-01-01

    Lahendus on valminud vastavalt ajaloolaste Leo Gensi ja Toivo Tinti poolt koostatud eritingimustele. 1925. a. valminud hoones oli juba algselt V korrus kavandatud kõige esinduslikumana. Projekt nägi ette esinduslikkuse taastamise. Korrusele olid ette nähtud direktsiooni kabinetid ja esindusruumid koos abiruumidega. Projekt : Stuudio Habakukk & Kivi, 1997. Autorid Aivar Habakukk, Enn Kivi. Ehituse peatöövõtt : AS Gustaf. Restaureerimine : AS KAR Grupp. Mööbel : esindusruumides Kinnarps, Bengt Olof (AS Santor), tööruumides A & A.S.A.. Valgustid : Steel Line AS. Valmis 1998.

  14. Ripsteg mot spetskunskap i samisk matematik:lärares perspektiv på transformeringsaktiviteter i samisk förskola och sameskola

    OpenAIRE

    Jannok-Nutti, Ylva

    2010-01-01

    Syftet med föreliggande avhandling är att utifrån lärarperspektiv beskriva, analysera och försöka förstå transformering av utbildning i matematik så att ett samiskt perspektiv blir utgångspunkt för utbildningen. Avhandlingen genomfördes såsom ett aktionsforskningsprojekt med fokus på lärares perspektiv avseende transformering och genomförande av transformeringsaktiviteter i matematik. Teoretiska utgångspunkter togs utifrån Smiths teori om urfolksperspektiv, Banks teori för integrering av mult...

  15. Utveckling av en Windows Service för databassynkronisering med Microsoft Sync Framework

    OpenAIRE

    Vik, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Detta examensarbete utfördes åt Hogia Ferry Systems. Examensarbetet behandlar utvecklingen av ett synkroniseringsverktyg för databaserna som företagets produkter använder. Lösningen kommer att ersätta ett befintligt system för synkronisering. Fokus för detta projekt ligger på utvecklingen av en synkroniseringstjänst för multipla typer av databaser. Databaserna som stöds är SQL Server, Informix samt Oracle. För utvecklingen av själva synkroniseringen har Microsoft Sync Framework använts. F...

  16. Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressures in Patients Intubated Prior to Helicopter EMS Transport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Tennyson

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Endotracheal intubation is a common intervention in critical care patients undergoing helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS transportation. Measurement of endotracheal tube (ETT cuff pressures is not common practice in patients referred to our service. Animal studies have demonstrated an association between the pressure of the ETT cuff on the tracheal mucosa and decreased blood flow leading to mucosal ischemia and scarring. Cuff pressures greater than 30 cmH2O impede mucosal capillary blood flow. Multiple prior studies have recommended 30 cmH2O as the maximum safe cuff inflation pressure. This study sought to evaluate the inflation pressures in ETT cuffs of patients presenting to HEMS. Methods We enrolled a convenience sample of patients presenting to UMass Memorial LifeFlight who were intubated by the sending facility or emergency medical services (EMS agency. Flight crews measured the ETT cuff pressures using a commercially available device. Those patients intubated by the flight crew were excluded from this analysis as the cuff was inflated with the manometer to a standardized pressure. Crews logged the results on a research form, and we analyzed the data using Microsoft Excel and an online statistical analysis tool. Results We analyzed data for 55 patients. There was a mean age of 57 years (range 18–90. The mean ETT cuff pressure was 70 (95% CI= [61–80] cmH2O. The mean lies 40 cmH2O above the maximum accepted value of 30 cmH2O (p120 cmH2O, the maximum pressure on the analog gauge. Conclusion Patients presenting to HEMS after intubation by the referral agency (EMS or hospital have ETT cuffs inflated to pressures that are, on average, more than double the recommended maximum. These patients are at risk for tracheal mucosal injury and scarring from decreased mucosal capillary blood flow. Hospital and EMS providers should use ETT cuff manometry to ensure that they inflate ETT cuffs to safe pressures.

  17. Klarar polisen krisen? : En kvalitativ textanalys av polisens kriskommunikationsretorik

    OpenAIRE

    Johnsson, Sara; Hedbjörk, Emma

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med denna studie var att ur ett public relations-perspektiv studera polisens kriskommunikationsretorik i samband med kritik från allmänheten. Denna uppsats har utgått från två fall; fallet i arresten och kvinnoregistret. I uppsatsen har en kvalitativ textanalys använts på sammanlagt 14 texter från polisens egna kanaler. Den teori som använts för att urskilja vilka försvarsstrategier som polisen använt i materialet är image restoration theory. Dessutom har ett public relations-perspekti...

  18. John Bowlby på besök i 1950-talets Sverige : - en udda fågel i svensk barnpsykiatri

    OpenAIRE

    Zetterqvist Nelson, Karin; Van der Horst, Frank; Van der Veer, René

    2017-01-01

    En udda fågel på besök: John Bowlby och den svenska efterkrigstidens barnpsykiatriska expertis Den brittiske barnpsykiatern John Bowlby var en mycket inflytelserik forskare i utvecklingen av anknytningsteorin som starkt betonar av moderns betydelse för barns psykiska utveckling och hälsa. Ett avgörande steg för Bowlby var den WHO-rapport om föräldralösa barns vård och omsorg år 1950 som han fick i uppdrag att skriva 1949. Som ett led i den uppgiften besökte Bowlby USA, Frankrike, Holland och ...

  19. Constructing family language policy : a case-study on bilingual family language policy

    OpenAIRE

    Viljamaa, Sanna-Kaisa

    2012-01-01

    Tutkielman tarkoituksena oli tarkastella kaksikielisten perheiden kielipolitiikkaan vaikuttavia tekijöitä. Tiedetään, että kaksikielisten perheiden vanhempien kielikäytänteillä on suuri vaikutus lapsen kielelliselle kehitykselle; useat tutkimukset ovat osoittaneet, että perheen kielipolitiikalla on merkittävä vaikutus siihen, tuleeko lapsesta kaksikielinen vai ei. Sen vuoksi on mielekästä tutkia millaisia ratkaisuja kaksikieliset perheet tekevät kielikäytänteidensä suhteen, ja mitkä tekijät o...

  20. Lean Construction applicerat på betongkonstruktion : The Last Planner och visuell metodik för reducering av produktionstidsvariationer

    OpenAIRE

    Udroiu, Cristina

    2011-01-01

    Bakgrunden till detta examensarbete är byggföretagens utmaningar med att bedriva byggprojekt där nya och unika objekt skall konstrueras, med många nya förutsättningar och allt som oftast även en ny sammansättning av personalstyrkan. Ett gemensamt behov för dessa byggprojekt är att effektivt kunna hantera en mängd av olika och nya variationer. Oden anläggningsentreprenad AB presenterade ett problem gällande oönskade variationer av produktionstider för betongmonoliter som innefattar mycket repe...

  1. Kolme : opinnäytetyö jalokivien kierrätyksestä ja uusiokäytöstä

    OpenAIRE

    Corneh, Susana

    2016-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön teema on jalokivien kierrätys. Työllä haluttiin osoittaa, että eettinen vastuunkanto muotoilijana on tärkeää ja että jalokivet voivat olla täysin käyttökelpoisia viallisuuksistaan huolimatta. Aihetta lähestyttiin tarkastelemalla jalokiviä ja jalokiviteollisuutta muutamasta näkökulmasta,sekä tunnistamalla niihin liittyviä kriittisiä ongelmakohtia. Tutkimuksessa hyödynnettiin saatavilla olevaa tietoa. Opinnäytetyössä kiteytyy myös yksilön ratkaisu vastuullisempaan jalokiv...

  2. Employer branding. : - En fallstudie vid Sandvik AB om uppfattningar av begreppet employer branding och hur detta tillämpas idag och i framtiden.

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksson, Johan

    2012-01-01

    Employer branding är ett begrepp som är aktuellt bland företagen just nu och allt fler väljer att satsa på employer branding som marknadsföringsstrategi. Den här studien handlar om employer branding på Sandvik och begreppet employer branding.Syftet med denna fallstudie av en global koncern är att förklara och beskriva begreppet employerbranding, samt hur man arbetar med detta och vilka framtidsvisioner man har på Sandvik.Studien genomfördes med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer med ett antal ny...

  3. Puupinnoille soveltuvien ulkomaalien testaus ja vertailu

    OpenAIRE

    Kuusisto, Marjut

    2010-01-01

    Tämän insinöörityön tarkoituksena oli testata puupinnoille soveltuvien julkisivumaalien ominaisuuksia ja vertailla maaleja keskenään. Työhön valittiin 18 eri maalausjärjestelmää siten, että samaa maalityyppiä edusti useamman eri valmistajan tuote. Valittujen maalien joukossa oli sekä perinteisten maalien edustajia että nykyajan maaleja. Testaukset suoritettiin Metropolia Ammattikorkeakoulun pintakäsittelylaboratoriossa. Työssä tutkittiin maalipinnan vedenimukykyä, vesihöyrynläpäisykykyä j...

  4. Plea bargain i Sverige : En komparativ studie om samverkan i straffprocessen

    OpenAIRE

    Ygge, Erik

    2013-01-01

      Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka möjligheten att effektivisera det svenska rättsväsendet med hjälp av ett plea bargain-liknande institut. Plea bargain skulle medföra kortare processer vid brottmål vilket i sin tur medför ett billigare rättssystem och mindre tryck på domstolarna. Kostnaden för en sådan vinning kan vara minskad rättssäkerhet och konflikter med gällande rätt och allmänna principer. 

  5. Cirkulär ekonomi inom klädbranschen

    OpenAIRE

    Marin, Christoffer

    2015-01-01

    Sammanfattning Cirkulär ekonomi är ett koncept vars främsta princip är att eliminera avfall genom att skapa ett slutet kretslopp mellan konsument och tillverkande företag. Det bygger på att produkter som konsumenter slänger efter bruk ska, via diverse restaureringsprocesser, antingen direkt återanvändas av konsument eller återvinnas till nytt material för produktion. Konceptet framkom ur idén om att den resursförbrukning tillika avfallsbildning i tillverkande industrier inte är långsiktigt hå...

  6. Lägesställare med I/P-omvandlare som alternativ

    OpenAIRE

    Ahrnens, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Denna rapport beskriver ett projekt som startats på uppdrag av Lennart Proper, Aspervall Instruments AB. Projektet behandlar utvecklingen av Aspervalls pneumatiska ställdon, ASPEdonet och är en del av kursen Examensarbete för högskoleingenjörsexamen i Maskinteknik, MSGC17. Kursen omfattar 22,5 högskolepoäng och utfördes under vårterminen 2016 vid fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap, Karlstad universitet. Aspervall är ett företag beläget i Säffle som specialiserat sig på finmekani...

  7. Dags för nästa generation lysdioder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ou, Haiyan; Dam-Hansen, Carsten; Gehlin, Signhild

    2010-01-01

    Lysdiodtekniken är under ständigt utveckling. På Energitingets internationella session presenterades vitt skilda tillämpningar, bland annat dioder för renrum och ett projekt för förbättrad belysning av de danska kronjuvelerna.......Lysdiodtekniken är under ständigt utveckling. På Energitingets internationella session presenterades vitt skilda tillämpningar, bland annat dioder för renrum och ett projekt för förbättrad belysning av de danska kronjuvelerna....

  8. Savikrohv ja sindlid saavad riigilt rahasüsti / Vilja Kohler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kohler, Vilja, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Tartus tegutsev Ökoloogiliste Tehnoloogiate Keskus moodustas savikrohvi tootmiseks firma OÜ Clay Processing Services. Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutus (EAS) andis ettevõttele 160 000 kr stardiabi. Ettevõtja Matti Timmermann valmistab EAS-i stardiabiga ette sindlite tootmist. Lisa: Toetus alustajatele

  9. Kunstnik Raivo Järvi viib helide maailma / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    18. okt. Pärnu hotellis Victoria alustab uut hooaega sari "Café Grand muusikasalong", tuues publiku ette kava "Vivaldi, Casanova ja Veneetsia", mida viib läbi Raivo Järvi koostöös barokkansambliga Corelli Consort. Salongiõhtu ühendab helilooja Antonio Vivaldi teosed barokkansambli Corelli Consort esituses ja Raivo Järvi kommentaarid

  10. Bush hoiab Iraani sihikul / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    USA ajakirjaniku Seymour Hershi väitel valmistab USA ette sõda Iraaniga. USA kaitseministeeriumi teatel on Hershi artikkel täis vigu. USA presidendi George W. Bushi antud intervjuust telekompaniile NBC on tehtud järeldus, et USA riigipea ei välista sõja alustamist Iraani vastu

  11. USA soovib relvatarnete abil vähendada Iraani mõjuvõimu / Jürgen Tamme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamme, Jürgen

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 31. juuli 2007, lk. 5. USA president George W. Bushi administratsioon soovib Kongressi heakskiitu plaanile, mis näeb ette Pärsia lahe piirkonnas asuvate USA liitlaste rahaliste toetuste suurendamist ja neile relvastuse saatmist. Lisa: USA tarned

  12. Eesti filosoofia päätükk / Ülo Matjus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matjus, Ülo

    2004-01-01

    Ette kantud 4.05.2001 Tartus Martin Heideggeri 125. surma-aastapäevale ja Tõnu Luige 60. sünnipäevale pühendatud ettekandepäeval "Kes teadnud teed juhatada", mille korraldas TÜ filosoofia ajaloo õppetool.

  13. Инвестиции в сиргалаский полигон - до 50 миллионов / Герли Романович

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Романович, Герли, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Kaitseministeeriumi eelprojektis on Sirgalasse ette nähtud mitu väljaõppeala ja -rajatist, kuni kolm ohutustehnika nõuetele vastavat tranšeedesse paigutatud lasketiiru, mitmele eri relvaliigile mõeldud avamaastiku laskeväli, lõhkamiskoht ning teeninduskeskuse ja välimajutuse ala

  14. Harjutusvälja rajamiseks kulub kuni 50 miljonit krooni / Gerli Romanovitš

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Romanovitš, Gerli, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Kaitseministeeriumi eelprojektis on Sirgalasse ette nähtud mitu väljaõppeala ja -rajatist, kuni kolm ohutustehnika nõuetele vastavat tranšeedesse paigutatud lasketiiru, mitmele eri relvaliigile mõeldud avamaastiku laskeväli, lõhkamiskoht ning teeninduskeskuse ja välimajutuse ala

  15. TTÜ arendab Mustamäel Tallinna Tehnopoli / Vilve Torn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Torn, Vilve

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli kui Eesti ainsa tehnilist kõrgharidust andva ülikooli arengukava näeb järgnevateks aastateks ette laiemat haaret, kui on seda senine õppe- ja teadustegevus. Tallinna Tehnopoli egiidi all on käivitatud ettevalmistused nelja tasakaalustatud funktsiooni (rahvusvaheliselt: live, learn, work and play) ühendamiseks

  16. A Hidden-Exposed Terminal Interference Aware Routing Metric for Multi-Radio and Multi-Rate Wireless Mesh Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Shouguang; Mase, Kenichi

    In this paper, we propose a novel Hidden-terminal and Exposed-terminal Interference aware routing metric (HEI-ETT) for Multi-Radio and Multi-Rate wireless mesh networks in which each stationary mesh node is equipped with multi-radio interfaces that relays traffic to the extend networks by using multi-hop transmissions. We have two main design goals for HEI-ETT. First, we will characterize interferences as Hidden-terminal Interference and Exposed-terminal Interference regardless of inter- or intra-flow interference and should take into account both interference effects while computing the path metric. Second, an efficient transmission rate adaptation should be employed in HEI-ETT to enhance the network throughput. We incorporated our metric in well known Optimized Link State Routing protocol version 2 (OLSRv2) which is one of the two standard routing protocols for MANETs and evaluated the performance of our metric by simulation. The results show that our metric outperforms existing metrics such as ETX, ETT and WCETT.

  17. Pettumus Res Publicas algas kirikus antud vandest / Margus Tsahkna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tsahkna, Margus, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Autori sõnul on Res Publica petnud inimeste põhiväärtustele tuginevaid ootusi, Eesti riik kaugeneb kodanikust ja tema elulistest huvidest. Isamaaliit paneb ette asuda tegelike probleemide lahendamisele ning kutsub erakondi üles kaitsma rahvuslikke huve

  18. Uus kava lükkab Kosovo iseseisvumise edasi / Jürgen Tamme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamme, Jürgen

    2007-01-01

    Uus ÜRO resolutsioonikava ei maini erivolinik Martti Ahtisaari välja pakutud ideed Kosovo piiratud iseseisvusest ja näeb ette vaid kõneluste taaselustamise Serbia ja sõltumatust taotleva Kosovo vahel. Vt. samas: Serbia ja Kosovo vägikaikavedu

  19. Del Ponte : kurjategijad ei tohi kohtuta pääseda / Liisi Poll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poll, Liisi, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    Riigikogu korraldatud Euroopa konverentsil "Väärtused ja huvid rahvusvahelises poliitikas" viibinud endise Jugoslaavia sõjakuritegusid uuriva Haagi rahvusvahelise tribunali peasüüdistaja Carla del Ponte kinnitas, et Euroopa Liidu toetus Haagi tribunalile on ülioluline ja serblastest sõjakurjategijad Radovan Karadzic ja Ratko Mladic peaksid jõudma Haagi kohtu ette. Lisa: Haagi tribunal

  20. Uudised : "Eesti klaver 2000". Külaliskoor Lübeckist. Unustatud suurteos "Klassikaraadios" / Alo Põldmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põldmäe, Alo, 1945-

    2000-01-01

    Estonia kontserdisaali fuajeedes avati eesti klaverite näitus festivali "Klaver 2000" raames. Tallinnas ja Tartus kantakse ette Händeli oratoorium "Iisrael Egiptuses" saksa koori osavõtul. 1. nov. kõlab "Klassikaraadios" A. Juozapenaite-Eesmaa esituses H. Elleri Esimene klaverisonaat

  1. PÖFF-i filmiturul Baltic Event sünnivad tuleviku kinomagnetid / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    12. PÖFFiga kaasnes ka Tallinnas 30. novembrist 3. detsembrini toimunud filmiturg Baltic Event, millel stsenaariumi staadiumis olevad filmiprojektid otsivad maailma filmitööstuse esindajatest koostööpartnereid. Eestist osales Jaak Kilmi ja Artur Talviku projekt "Rahad ette"

  2. Most - opora tranzita / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2003-01-01

    Sild üle Narva jõe on tähtsaks transiidisõlmeks. Narva linna arengukava kuni 2012. a. näeb ette uute autoteede ehitust, autosilda üle Narva jõe ja paralleelselt tegutsevat raudteemagistraali, mis ühendab Tallinnat ja Sankt-Peterburgi

  3. The feasibility of determining the position of an endotracheal tube in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background. Neonates in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) receive a large amount of radiation with X-rays (XRs) being done daily, even more often with reintubation, repositioning of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) and confirmation thereof, which has been our NICU policy for many years. Objective. To investigate the ...

  4. Jätke maksud võimumängudest puutumata!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Maksumaksja 2005/Mar lk. 6-7, Meie Maa 9. märts lk. 5, Sakala 10. märts lk. 2. Severnoje Poberezhje 8. märts, lk. 2. Eesti Maksumaksjate Liit tuletab meelde, et koalitsioonileppes on ette nähtud, et riigieelarve hoitakse tasakaalus ning otseseid makse alandatakse üksikisiku tulumaksu kaudu

  5. Naised, keda mehed rajal kardavad / Helen Teesalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teesalu, Helen

    2008-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke : Avto i Tehnika 26. sept., lk. 4. CCG ehk Car Club Girls on Eesti ainuke ametlik naiste autoklubi, mille liikmed teevad võidusõidu- ja kiirendusrajal silmad ette nii mõnelegi mehele

  6. Birma vaiksed päevad / Vaclav Havel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Havel, Václav, 1936-2011

    2007-01-01

    Endine Tšehhi president heidab seoses Birmas kujunenud olukorraga rahvusvahelisele üldsusele ette tegutsematust ning küsib: kuidas on võimalik, et rahvusvaheline üldsus on võimetu veenma Birma sõjaväelisi juhte, et nood ei eskaleeriks jõudu, mille nad on Yangonis valla päästnud?

  7. Ante Gotovina : Horvaatia seikleja pagu lõppes Kanaaridel / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2005-01-01

    7. detsembril tabati Tenerifel peale nelja-aastast otsimist Euroopa üks tagaotsitumaid sõjakurjategudes süüdistatavaid - Horvaatia kindral Ante Gotovina. 12. detsembril astus 50-aastane kindral esimest korda Haagi rahvusvahelise sõjakurjategude tribunali ette, süüdistatuna 150 serblase massimõrvas 1995. aastal. Lisa: 5 fakti

  8. Euroopa tõelised lood / Timothy Garton Ash

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garton Ash, Timothy, 1955-

    2007-01-01

    Autor arutleb uue Euroopa identiteedi loomise võimalusi kuue väärtuse - vabaduse, rahu, seaduste, jõukuse, mitmekesisuse ja solidaarsuse abil. Vt. samas Nigel Haywood: uued liikmesriigid - rohkem muresid või kogemusi?; Marianne Mikko: Kas Euroopa Liidu laienemisele tuleb piir ette?

  9. ETV katuse all keedeti salaseepi / Tiina Jõgeda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgeda, Tiina, 1962-

    2011-01-01

    Rahvusringhäälingu (ERR) tootmisteenistuse juhataja Janno-Hans Arro, kes seoses pettustega vallandati augustis ERR-ist, valmistas mitu aastat ette suurejoonelist kodumaist teleseriaali. Seriaali filmiti sel suvel Madeiral. Põhjendustest, miks ETV seda ära osta ei taha

  10. Raamatukogude statistika ja standardimise uued suunad / Anu Nuut

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nuut, Anu

    2009-01-01

    Koostööst Rahvusvahelise Standardimise Organisatsiooni (ISO) ja Rahvusvahelise Raamatukoguühingute ja -institutsioonide Liidu (IFLA) vahel, et luua uus ülemaailmne raamatukogustatistika andmebaas, välja töötada raamatukogude tulemuslikkuse hindamise meetodid ja ette valmistada raamatukogustandard

  11. Ene-Liis Semper: selle aasta puhkepäevad võib ühe käe sõrmedel kokku lugeda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Semper, Ene-Liis, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna kultuuripealinna projekti panustanud Ene-Liis Semper võtab 2011. aasta sündmused kokku ja selgitab, kuidas jõudsid publiku ette suurlavastused "The Rise and Fall of Estonia", "Three Kingdoms", Põhuteater ning isikunäitus Kumus

  12. Ivari Padar peab omavalitsusi riigiasutusteks / Toivo Vaik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaik, Toivo

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Maaomavalitsuste Liidu kõrgeim organ, Maapäev, võttis vastu pöördumise rahandusminister Ivari Padari poole, kes oma käskkirjaga on piiranud riigiasutustele väljamakseid suuremas mahus kui käskkirja lisa ette näeb

  13. Kolhoosiaja märke ei saa lammutada 150 000 eest / Signe Kalberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalberg, Signe, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Maaelu arengukavas nähakse lammutustoetuseks ette 150 000 krooni, mõnedel hinnangutel on see liiga väike summa. Eestimaa talupidajate keskliidu juhatuse liige Tiiu Hellermaa on seisukohal, et ümbruse korrastamiseks on võimalik leida raha LEADER-i meetme alt. Lisa: Raha antakse näpuotsaga

  14. Süüdimõistetu põhiõigus leebema karistusseaduse tagasiulatuvale kohaldamisele. Riigikohtu üldkogu otsus asjas 3-4-1-19-07 / Juhan Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Juhan

    2008-01-01

    Riigikohtu lahendist 3-4-1-19-07 (Tartu Maakohtu Jõgeva kohtumaja taotlus tunnistada põhiseadusega vastuolus olevaks seadusesätte puudumine karistusseadustikus ja kriminaalmenetluse seadustikus, mis annab aluse isiku vabastamiseks karistuse kandmiselt olukorras, kus on muutunud karistust ette nägev seadus)

  15. Elustiil = Lifestyle / Urve Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Urve

    2006-01-01

    Töö- ja pereaastatel on leibkonna jaoks oluline eelarve, mis annab ette kulutuste mahu. Naiste ja meeste leibkondade sissetuleku tase on erinev ja toob esile sugudevahelise tarbimisstruktuuri erinevuse. Leibkonnaliikmete tarbimisstruktuur leibkonnapea soo järgi. Lastega ja lasteta leibkondade tarbimisstruktuur. Diagrammid

  16. Leping Kesko Agro Eesti ASiga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Maaülikool ning AS Kesko Agro Eesti allkirjastavad 21. apr. koostöölepingu ja heade kavatsuste protokolli, mis muu hulgas näeb ette kogu Eestit hõlmava põllumajandusliku geoinfosüsteemi loomise

  17. Õppimine - varjatud varandus / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    2007-01-01

    Tänapäeval on hariduse ette kerkinud kaks esmapilgul täiesti vastuolulist nõudmist. Haridus peaks andma nii tänapäeva keerulise ja rahutu maailma kaardi kui ka kompassi, mille abil selles maailmas teed leida. Kuidas?

  18. The feasibility of determining the position of an endotracheal tube in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    consent and patients with whom the medical team was actively busy with resuscitation and intervention. At approximately ... additional US conducted by the first author, a radiology registrar, after radiographers had completed routine XRs in .... Possible measurement errors included repositioning of the ETT during the interval.

  19. "Jazz Ruuler" toob dzhässi Rock Cafesse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Muhu tulevikumuusika festival "Ju jääb" ja Rock Cafe avavad uue dzhässiürituste sarja "Jazz Ruuler", mille raames soovitakse igal kuul Eesti publiku ette tuua mõni maailma dzhässi tuntud artist. Kontserdist 24. jaan. Rock Cafés

  20. Mis on papa Jannseni hind ? / Sven Sildnik ; interv. Grete Naaber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildnik, Sven, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Sven Kivisildnik kirjutas Pärnu linnavalitsuse tellimusel Jannseni sünniaastapäeva peoks näidendi "Johann Woldemar Jannsen ehk Rahvavaenlase hind", mis kantakse ette Koidula muuseumi klassitoas 16. mail. Intervjuu näidendi autori ja esitajaga

  1. 200 miljoni euro eest laskemoona / Sander Punamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Punamäe, Sander

    2018-01-01

    Kaitseministeeriumi valitsemisala arengukava järgmiseks neljaks aastaks näeb ette kolme suuremat lisainvesteeringut: üle 200 miljoni euro kulub laskemoonale, 60 miljonit eurot sidevahenditele ja kümned miljonid õhutõrjevõimekuse loomiseks. Kommenteerib kaitseminister Jüri Luik

  2. Kui palju aitab "Noor meister" noortel kooli valida? / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo, 1949-

    2015-01-01

    6. ja 7. märtsil toimus Tallinnas kutsehariduse mess „Noor meister”. Ühelt poolt selgitatakse välja erialade parimad õpilased, et hakata valmistama neid ette Euro- ja WorldSkillsil võistlemiseks. Teisalt on mess kutsekoolide atraktiivne reklaam

  3. Majanduskasvu vedavad viimased jõuhoovad hakkavad seisma jääma / Erik Müürsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müürsepp, Erik

    2008-01-01

    SKT kasvas I kvartalis esialgsel hinnangul 0,4%. Eesti Pank ei näe ette majandusolukorra märgatavat paranemist ka lähikuudel. Eesti Pank majanduskasvu järsu aeglustumise peapõhjusest. Graafik: Kasv alla poole protsendi

  4. EL-i eelarvetüli lahendus - vähem abiraha uusliikmetele / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Kinnitamata andmeil teeb EL-i eesistujamaa Suurbritannia liikmesriikidele ettepaneku vähendada euroliidu eelarvet ning selle saavutamiseks vähendada uutele liikmesriikidele ette nähtud regionaalabi 10%. Poola protestis võimaliku ettepaneku vastu. Lisa: Blair külastab Tallinna neljapäeval

  5. Plaza Reforma, Mexico City, 1993

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Arhitektuur: "Legorreta Arquitectos" Rõõmsameelne, värvikirev, ruumi- ja vormivallatu büroohoone. Büroodeks ette nähtud pind on jaotatud viieks plokiks, mida omavahel selgroona ühendab võlvlaega vestibüül. Välisvaated, plaan

  6. Kaalul on Euroopa ühtsus / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Saksamaa kantsleri Angela Merkeli Eesti-visiidi eel kirjutab autor eelmise kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi suhtumisest Eestisse ja Venemaasse, A. Merkeli poliitilisest kursist ja suhetest Venemaaga, riikide diplomaatilisest võitlusest ning leiab, et Gruusia kriis paneb Saksamaa keeruliste valikute ette

  7. Gas prices spark price-fixing debate / Julia Balandina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balandina, Julia

    2005-01-01

    Kütusehinnad Lätis on pidevalt tõusnud. Läti Statoili tegevjuhi Baiba Rubesa arvates peaks valitsus püüdma kõrgeid kütusehindu vähendada. Transpordiministeerium on valmistanud ette meetmeid hindade kontrolli alla saamiseks

  8. Optimismi viljad = The Fruits of Optimism / Tõnu Laigu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laigu, Tõnu

    2005-01-01

    Mida võtta ette 1950-1990 massilise tüüpelamuehituse käigus Euroopas ja Eestis ehitatud elurajoonidega, mis ei vasta keskkonna, halva ehituskvaliteedi jm. põhjuste tõttu enam vajadustele. Bibliograafia lk. 55

  9. Endotracheal tube cufi pressures in adult patients undergoing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    obstructing tracheal mucosal blood flow but high enough to form an effective seal when delivering PPV. Tracheal ... the capillary blood pressure supplying the trachea and is followed by ischaemia with inflammation. ... The aim of this study was to determine the ETT cuff pressures of patients receiving general anaesthesia at ...

  10. 28. IX avati Vaala galeriis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Marco Laimre ja Tarmo Salini ühisnäitus "Kõik tuleb välja". Väljas on joonistused, maalid ja väikefiguurid. Avamisel kanti ette välk-performance "Fed". Galeriis kõlab Dmitri Shostakovitshi sümfoonia nr. 2 "Oktoobrile"

  11. The effect of lidocaine jelly on a taper-shaped cuff of an endotracheal tube on the postoperative sore throat: a prospective randomized study: A CONSORT compliant article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jiwon; Lee, Yong-Cheol; Son, Je-Do; Lee, Jae-Yoon; Kim, Hyun-Chang

    2017-09-01

    Postoperative sore throat (POST) following general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation is a common complication. We hypothesized that lidocaine jelly applied to the tapered cuff of the endotracheal tube (ETT) might decrease the incidence of POST most commonly arising from endotracheal intubation. A total of 208 patients under general anesthesia were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups. In the lidocaine group (n = 104), the distal part of ETTs with tapered-shaped cuff was lubricated with lidocaine jelly. In the control group (n = 104), the distal part of ETTs with tapered-shaped cuff was lubricated with normal saline. The incidence of POST, hoarseness, and cough in the postanesthesia patients was compared. The overall incidence of POST was higher in the lidocaine group than in the normal saline group [60 (58%) vs 40 (39%), P = .006]. The incidence of POST at 1 hour postoperatively was higher in the lidocaine group than in the normal saline group [53 (51%) vs 32 (31%), P = .003]. The overall incidence of hoarseness for 24 hours postoperatively was comparable (P = .487). The overall incidence of cough for 24 hours postoperatively is higher in the lidocaine group (P = .045). The lidocaine jelly applied at the distal part of ETT with tapered-shaped cuff increased the overall incidence of POST in patients undergoing general anesthesia.

  12. Ajakirja Siluett kasvatuslikust rollist ilmumise esimesel viisaastakul (1958-1963) / Loone Ots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ots, Loone, 1965-

    2003-01-01

    Analüüsitakse kasvatuslikku rolli pealtnäha moeajakirjas, kuid väljaanne võttis ette moe kõrval ka naiseliku naise taasloomise, vahepeal põluall olnud käitumisnormide, hügieeniharjumuste, maitseka riietumisstiili jt. juba unustatud tarkuste õpetamise, mille abil naine kujuneb harmooniliseks isiksuseks

  13. Nord Stream "ründas" Gotlandil Eestit / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2010-01-01

    Vene- Saksa gaasijuhtme ehituse sõlmpunktiks muutuval Gotlandil jäi Slite sadamasse Nord Streami raha eest ehitatud kaile ette mälestusmärk eestlastele ja lätlastele, kes 1944. aastal punavõimu eest põgenedes Gotlandile jõudsid. Kaart

  14. Памятник преградил путь Nord Stream / Туули Кох

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Кох, Туули

    2010-01-01

    Vene- Saksa gaasijuhtme ehituse sõlmpunktiks muutuval Gotlandil jäi Slite sadamasse Nord Streami raha eest ehitatud kaile ette mälestusmärk eestlastele ja lätlastele, kes 1944. aastal punavõimu eest põgenedes Gotlandile jõudsid. Kaart

  15. Leedu teater näitas vene sisu / Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest teatrifestivalist Sirenos, mis toimub 24. sept. 3. okt. Vilniuses. Näidatakse ette Leedu teatri paremik. Lähemalt R. Tuminase ja A. Dapshyse "Madagaskarist", V. Masalskise "Kuningas Learist", C. Grauzhinise "Tõrksa taltsutusest" ja G. Varnase "Kuritööst ja karistusest"

  16. Kõrbe- ja mägimatkaja Olev Margi üheksa ametit / Gerli Romanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Romanovitš, Gerli, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Kõrbe- ja mägimatkajast Olev Margist, kes õpetab Kaitseliidus enesekaitset, kriisisituatsioonis käitumist, lahingutaktikat ja mäeinstruktoreid, tegutseb noorkotkastele loodud ekstreemkooli juhendajana ning valmistab ette ekstreemmatkamarsruuti Sahara kõrbes. Lisa: Olev Mark. Vt. samas: Jooksis vastu Euroopa Liidule

  17. Ülo Sooster, muna ja Hrushtshov / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-2016

    2006-01-01

    Ülo Soosteri ja teiste Moskva avangardistide lootusest pääseda laiema publiku ette ja Hrushtshovi külaskäigul fiaskoga lõppenud näitusest Moskva Maneezhis 1962. aastal. Illustratsiooniks Ü. Soosteri "Valge muna". Õli, pasta, 1968-1970. Tartu Kunstimuuseum

  18. Sudovladeltsõ bez pomoshtshi / Leidur Rannamets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rannamets, Leidur

    2003-01-01

    Kuigi 2001. aastal kiideti heaks laevanduspoliitika aastateks 2000 - 2004, ei ole sellel seni reaalseid toetusmehhanisme. Uues riigieelarve projektis ei ole laevanduse jaoks raha ette nähtud, arvestamata on jäetud, et merendussektor on üks tähtsamaid Eesti majanduses

  19. Tikuvõileivaduell / Roman Zaštšerinski ; interv. Jaanus Kulli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zaštšerinski, Roman, 1978-

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu kokk Roman Zaštšerinskiga, kes valmistas koos Imre Kosega ette Vabariigi Presidendi iseseisvuspäeva vastuvõtu menüü. Vt. samas: Roman Zaštšerinski menüü vabariigi presidendi vastuvõtul

  20. Laudarobot muudab lehmasõnniku elektriks / Nils Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Nils, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Tartu Postimees 7. märts, lk. 1. Laudarobot lüpsab USAs Pennsylvania osariigis lehma ilma inimese abita, toob sööda ette ja viib sõnniku ära, võtab piimaproovi, toodab biogaasist elektrit. Sama tüüpi masin hakkab tuleval aastal töötama ka Tartumaal

  1. Bruno D'Amicis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Bioloogist ja loodusemehest itaalia fotograafist Bruno D'Amicist, kes vaatamata oma noorusele (28), on võtnud ette suuri projekte - Berliini metropolis elutsevate loomade jäädvustamine, Kesk-Euroopa viimase metsiku mägismaa päästmine Slovakkias. Fotod, õigemini keskkonnaportreed on pärit seeriast "Intimate landscapes"

  2. "Keisri hull" pürib taas filmiks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Filmi Sihtasutus otsustas anda arendustoetust mängufilmidele "Keisri hull" (režissöör Peeter Simm, arendaja Lege Artis Film), "Rahad ette" (režissöör Jaak Kilmi, arendaja Eetriüksus), "Öölendurid" (režissöör Peeter Urbla, arendaja Exitfilm)

  3. Mick Jagger ihaldas peaosa "Kellavärgiga apelsinis"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Avalikkuse ette tulnud produtsent Si Litvinoffi kirjast režissöör John Schlesingerile selgus tema soov filmida A. Burgessi romaani "Kellavärgiga apelsin" juba enne S. Kubricku kuulsat filmi. Filmis soovis Alexit mängida Mick Jagger. J. Schlesinger keeldus selle filmi lavastamisest

  4. Šotimaa, Lõuna-Sudaan ja Kataloonia - kolm uut riiki? / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2009-01-01

    Kataloonias toimus iseseisvusküsitlus, Kataloonia valitsus kavatseb hiljemalt 2014. a. korraldada siduva iseseisvusreferendumi, kuid Hispaania valitsus ei kavatse referendumi tulemusi tunnistada. Iseseisvust üritavad saavutada ka Baskimaa, Šotimaa ja Wales, Lõuna-Sudaani iseseisvusreferendum on ette nähtud 2011. a. jaanuaris

  5. Naabrid ootavad Mugabelt taandumist / Triin Oppi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oppi, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Zimbabwe valitsusväed suruvad opositsiooni terroriga maha. Rahvusvaheline üldsus heidab president Robert Mugabe valitsusele ette inimõiguste rikkumist, riigi majanduskriisi tekitamist, korruptsiooni. Lõuna-Aafrika Arengu Ühendus arutab Zimbabwe presidendi käitumist. Kaart. Lisa: Robert Gabriel Mugabe

  6. On the electronic structure and equation of state in high pressure ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A weak signature of the anomaly can be seen in the pressure–volume curve, which gets enhanced in the universal equation of state, along with that of -point ETTs. We attribute the change of slope in the universal equation of state near 10 GPa pressure, mainly to hybridization effects. The temperature effect in fact ...

  7. Vabaõhumuuseum ehitab ajalookaubamaja / Tuuli Jõesaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõesaar, Tuuli

    2011-01-01

    Projekt näeb ette rajada Tallinna Eesti Vabaõhumuuseumi külastuskeskusse ajalookaubamaja, ehitada Tallinna Linnamuuseumi hoidla ning ennistuskoja Kanut restaureerimis- ja konserveerimiskoda, lahendada parkimisprobleem. Ehituskulude vähendamiseks hakkab EVM projekti kärpima. Uus lähteülesanne peaks valmis olema maiks 2012, projekt uue rahastusperioodi alguseks

  8. Rasked vestlused. Kuidas ma talle seda ütlen / Irene Metsis, Sami Seppänen, Peep Sooman ; intervjueerinud Heli Lehtsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Metsis, Irene

    2009-01-01

    Skanska EMV administratsioonijuhi Irene Metsise, AS-i Elisa Eesti tegevdirektori Sami Seppäneni ja Pindi Kinnisvara juhatuse liikme Peep Soomani soovitused negatiivse sõnumi edastamiseks töötajale. Vt. samas: 4 nõuannet juhile, kuidas end keeruliseks vestluseks ette valmistada

  9. Hvatit govorit - pora dumat / Joschka Fischer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fischer, Joschka, 1948-

    2006-01-01

    Saksamaa endine välisminister kirjutab sellest, missuguseid konkreetseid samme peab ette võtma maailma päästmiseks tuumaohust: USA peab alustama kahepoolseid läbirääkimisi Põhja-Koreaga tuumarelva väljatöötamise tõkestamiseks

  10. Tõeliselt julge projekt = A brave project, indeed / Tarja Nurmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurmi, Tarja

    2013-01-01

    Aidu püramiidid. Arhitekt: Kadarik Tüür Arhitektid (KTA). Autorid: Ott Kadarik, Mihkel Tüür. Projekt: 2011-2013. Vastavalt projektile on alale ette nähtud restoranid, veinikeldrid, ujumiskohad jm. Peapüramiid (130 m kõrge) lubab harrastada mägironimist

  11. Construction Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Niclas

    Detta pilotprojekt utgör första steget i etableringen av ett samarbete mellan avdelningen för Byggnadsekonomi, vid Lunds Tekniska Högskola, och sektionen for Planlægning og Ledelse af Byggeprocesser, vid Danmarks Tekniska Universitet. Dessa båda avdelningar är varandras ämnesmässiga motsvarighete...

  12. Tšaad esitas eurooplastele süüdistuse lasteröövis / Triin Oppi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oppi, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Tšaadi prokuratuuri uurijad toovad kohtu ette prantslasi ja hispaanlasi, keda süüdistatakse alaealiste röövimises ja pettuses ning kuriteole kaasaaitamises. Prantsuse heategevusorganisatsiooni L'Arche de Zoe tegevuse hukkamõistmisest ning Hispaania välisministeeriumi protestist. Lisa: Kahtlane heategevus

  13. USA panustab keskkonda / Jeffrey Goldstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Goldstein, Jeffrey

    2007-01-01

    USA uus energiapoliitika kava näeb ette bensiini tarbimise vähendamist järgneva 10 aasta jooksul 20%, mis omakorda vähendab ameeriklaste autodest eralduva süsihappegaasi heitmete kasvu ning vähendab sõltuvust naftast

  14. Loeti luuletusi Eestist ja Eestile / Krista Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumberg, Krista, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Ernst Enno etluskonkursi maakondlikust lõppvoorust. 1.-6. klassi õpilased kandis ette oma loodud luuletusi, esile tõsteti: Eva-Maria Brock, Kristjan Kaljuvee, Lisa-Lote Paadik, Martin Nerman, Sebastian Lehis, Viljar Kaer, Merili Kisant, Grete Grauberg. Vt ka Lääne Elu, 26. veebr., lk. 8

  15. Rikaste klubi hindab Eesti reformikogemust / Angel Gurria ; interv. Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gurria, Angel, 1950-

    2008-01-01

    Majandusliku Koostöö ja Arengu Organisatsiooni (OECD) peasekretär Angel Gurria ütleb intervjuus Äripäevale, et Eesti on oodatud rikaste riikide klubisse eelkõige oma reformikogemuse tõttu, ette heitis ta aga Eesti tööturu jäikust. Kommenteerib välisminister Urmas Paet. Lisa: Taust

  16. Piiriäärne lava valmistub taas esietenduseks / Margus Haav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haav, Margus, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Lõuna-Eestis Lilli külas algaval Nava lava festivalil tuuakse publiku ette Nava talu peremehe Jaak Kõdari näidend "Jukra", lavastaja Silvia Soro. Üht kandvat rolli mängib näitleja Lembit Eelmäe

  17. Riigikogu razreshil dobõvat 20 millionov tonn slantsa v god / Erik Gamzejev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-

    2008-01-01

    Riigikogu kinnitas põlevkivi kasutamise riikliku arengukava, milles nähakse ette, et järgneval seitsmel aastal tohib Eestis kaevandada kuni 20 miljonit tonni põlevkivi aastas. Arvamust avaldab Eesti Põlevkivi juhatuse liige, arendusdirektor Kalmer Sokman

  18. Bangladeshis madistab kaks naist / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2006-01-01

    Sisepoliitilised pinged Bangladeshis, kus kehtib maailmas küllaltki ainulaadne süsteem, mis näeb ette mõni kuu enne üldvalimisi valitud valitsuse lahkumist ning võimu üleandmist ajutisele üleminekukabinetile

  19. Tarkvarapiraatluse osakaal Eestis on 54%

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    IDC uuringu andmed tarkvarapiraatluse tasemest Eestis. Piraattarkvara laialdasest levikust Eestis ja selle kasutamise eest ette nähtud karistustest räägivad legaalse tarkvara kasutust kontrolliva organisatsiooni BSA juriidiline nõustaja Kaido Uduste ja julgestuspolitsei esindaja Hannes Järvine

  20. [Eesti Kirjanike Liit] / Maimu Berg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berg, Maimu, 1945-

    2007-01-01

    M. Berg oli esitatud EKL-i esimehe kandidaadiks, millelt ta end taandas, kuid vastas siiski Sirbi järgmistele küsimustele: "Mida te kavatsete ette võtta eesti kirjaniku heaks ja EKLi edendamiseks? Kuidas peaks uue esimehe asjaajamine suhestuma kultuuripoliitikaga?"

  1. Mini eelkäija kuus aastakümmet / Tõnu Ojala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojala, Tõnu, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    September tehnika ajaloos: 20. septembril 1948 jõudis avalikkuse ette pisiauto Morris Minor MM. 1888. aasta septembris esitles George Eastman maailma esimest laiatarbe fotoaparaati Kodak. 26. septembril 1973 tegi ülehelikiirusega reisilennuk Concorde esimese vahemaandumista lennu üle Atlandi

  2. Söötmisega disainitud piim tagab tervisliku toidukraami / Ene Tammsaar ; intervjueerinud Ain Alvela ; kommenteerinud Üllas Jaaska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammsaar, Ene, 1952-

    2014-01-01

    Et farmidest tööstusse minevast toorpiimast saaks toota maitsvaid ja tervislikke tooteid, peab toorpiim olema kõrgeima võimaliku kvaliteediga. Selle tagamiseks on piimatööstused koostöös teadlastega ette võtnud piima koostise disainimise

  3. Iisrael ja Hizbollah nõustusid tegema Liibanonis relvarahu / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    ÜRO Julgeolekunõukogu nõuab Iisraelilt ja Hizbollah'lt tänasest sõjategevuse lõpetamist. ÜRO rahuplaani kohaselt saabub Liibanoni umbes 15 000 rahuvalvajat, rahualgatus näeb ette Liibanoni lõunaosas asuvate relvaüksuste allumist tulevikus Beiruti keskvalitsuse kontrollile

  4. Nõmme keskus muutub jalakäijale sõbralikumaks / Askur Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Askur, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Valmiv Nõmme keskuse detailplaneeringu eskiislahendus kujundab linnaosa südame ümber jalakäijatele sõbralikumaks, näeb ette uut haljastust ja sotsiaalobjekti ehitamise. Planeeringu koostaja on AS Entec. Enteci arhitektuuri- ja planeerimisosakonna juhataja Kaur Lassi kommentaar

  5. Plaza hotell Karla katedraali külge / Tiina Jõgeda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgeda, Tiina, 1962-

    1997-01-01

    Tallinna Sakala keskuse külge on plaanis ehitada 50 miljonit dollarit maksev nelja-tärni konverentsihotell. Arhitekt Raine Karbi omaaegses projektis oli ette nähtud "Estonia" teatri poolse külje täisehitamine

  6. Preis für Baltisches Archiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Herderi Instituudile omistatud Hesseni arhiivindusauhinnast. Herderi Insituudi baltisaksa ajaloo dokumentatsioonikogu on suurim omataoline Saksamaal. Auhinna summa on 5000 eurot, mis on ette nähtud arhiivi arendamiseks. Arhiivi kodulehe aadress : www.herder-institut.de/startseite/sammlungen/dokumente-dshi.html

  7. Meie kõigi televisioon ja raadio / Ela Tomson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomson, Ela, 1945-

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusringhäälingu sõltumatusest ning seaduseelnõust, mis näeb ette ringhäälingunõukogu moodustamist tervikuna poliitikutest proportsionaalsel põhimõttel ehk enamus koalitsioonist ja vähemus opositsioonist

  8. K ossuzhdeniju kommunizma vsegda gotovõ! / Ljubov Semjonova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Semjonova, Ljubov

    2003-01-01

    Justiitsministeeriumi 85. aastapäevale pühendatud konverents "Ülekohtust ajaloos". Balti riikide justiitsministrite kavatsus ühiselt ette valmistada pöördumine Euroopa Liidu liikmesriikide poole, et probleemi olemasolu teadvustada ning kommunism Euroopa tasandil ühiselt hukka mõista

  9. Anaesthetic accidents: an experience in sub-saharan Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    awaiting further oxygen therapy. However, poor breathing post-operatively despite good analgesia and adequate reversal, in the presence of continued unconsciousness necessitated re-intubation. Humidified oxygen was introduced via the ETT about 2 hrs later and this was continued for a further 48 hrs. When there was ...

  10. Priitahtlik pension pürgib palgalisaks / Kadri Paas ; kommenteerinud Erki Kilu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paas, Kadri, 1982-

    2010-01-01

    Kogumispensioni seaduse eelnõust, mis näeb ette, et ettevõtjatele võimaldatakse teha oma töötajate eest sissemakseid vabatahtlikku pensionifondi või täiendava kogumispensioni kindlustuslepingusse kohustuseta tasuda erisoodustuse tulumaksu. Kommenteerib Erki Kilu

  11. Pärnusse tuleb 17-korruseline hoone

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu linnavalitsus lubas Port Artur Grupil püstitada südalinna Lai t. 10 territooriumile 17-korruselise vabaaja- ja kaubanduskeskuse, mida nägi ette 2006. a. endise REV-i territooriumi hoonestamiseks korraldatud rahvusvahelise arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöö "Flood". Kommenteerib Mart Viisitamm

  12. Vaatab ja näeb teistmoodi / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Kui varem oli strateegilise planeerimise alus ettevõtetes see, kuidas tulevikku paremini ette näha, siis nüüd arutavad ettevõtted selle üle, kuidas tekitada uus turg ja uus nõudlus. Lennukifirmade Airbus ja Boeing erinev ettekujutus lennunduse arengust

  13. Eesti kasutas ära kõik NATO lennutunnid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Eesti on tänavu ära kasutanud kõik NATO strateegilises õhutranspordiprogrammis (SAC) ette nähtud 35 lennutundi, millega Eesti sai kasutada transpordilennukit Boeing C-17 Globemaster. Lennutunnid kulusid Eesti jalaväeüksuse tagasitoomiseks Afganistanist

  14. D'Monte : rünnaku ajend oli koostöö Ameerikaga / Darryl D'Monte ; interv, Ülle Toode

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    D'Monte, Darryl

    2008-01-01

    India ajakirjanik vastab küsimustele, mis oli Mumbai terrorirünnaku poliitiline taust, kes olukorrast kasu lõikab, miks peaminister Manmohan Singh teatas esmalt, et rünnak tuli väljastpoolt ja mida peaks India valitsus probleemi lahendamiseks ette võtma

  15. Eesti avang / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Autori sõnul annab Eesti suurele osale Euroopast silmad ette asjaajamise lihtsuses. Transparentsuse-initsiatiivi oleks Euroopas väga vaja, asjaajamise lihtsus ja selgus võiksid olla need vahendid, millega taastada Euroopa-projekti legitiimsus, võita tagasi kodanike usaldus

  16. Võitmatu Tartu võitis jälle / Reet Olevsoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olevsoo, Reet, 1956-

    2010-01-01

    Raamatukogupäevade avapäeval toimunud raamatukoguhoidjate mälumängu võitis Tartu Linnaraamatukogu võistkond koosseisus Tiina Sulg, Tiina Tarik ja Piret Kiivit, mälumängu valmistas ette Kohtla-Järve Keskraamatukogu

  17. Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi Muuseumi asutamisest/ Kersti Taal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taal, Kersti, 1953-

    2013-01-01

    1838. aastal asutatud Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi ülesannete elluviimiseks nähti ette ka muuseumi asutamine. Ettevalmistustöödest muuseumi asutamiseks. Ruumi- ja rahapuuduse kiuste kogunesid seltsile väärtuslikud kogud, kuigi muuseumi asutamiseni ei jõutud

  18. Inimelu väärtust rahas ei mõõda / Jaak Aaviksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaviksoo, Jaak, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Eesti Eest = Za Estoniju : Izdanije objedinenija "Sojuz Otetshestva i Res Publica" 16. okt. 2008, lk. 3. Kaitseminister selgitab, et 2009. aasta eelarves on sõjaliste kaitsekulutuste jaoks ette nähtud 1,9% sisemajanduse kogutoodangust, järgmiste aastate suurimad kuluartiklid kaitse-eelarves on seotud rahvusliku julgeolekuga

  19. Kuidas tudengid Lasnamäed väänasid / Victor Enrich, Sille Pihlak ; intervjueerinud Hendrik Alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Enrich, Victor, 1967-

    2016-01-01

    Kunstiakadeemia arhitektuuriosakonna üliõpilased uurisid töötoas "Kuidas väänata maju ilma viga saamata", mida võiks ette võtta Lasnamäega. Intervjuu juhendajate, hispaania fotograafi Victor Enrichi ja arhitekt Sille Pihlakuga

  20. Aardeid eesti heliplaadi ajaloost / Katre Riisalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riisalu, Katre, 1966-

    2011-01-01

    Eesti esimese heliplaadi 110. aastapäeva tähistati Rahvusraamatukogus näituse "Eesti vinüül" ja raamatu "Eesti vinüülplaatide diskograafia 1954-2010" ilmumisega, näitust ette valmistades ja heliplaadi kogu uurides leidis artikli autor uusi põnevaid fakte

  1. Tallink City eskiis valmib sügiseks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Septembris 2006 jõuab Tallinna linnavalitsuse ette Lasnamäele plaanitava lõbustuskeskuse Tallink City detailplaneeringu eskiis. Laevandusfirmas Tallink Grupp suurosalust omav Infortar plaanib 2010. aastaks rajada enam kui 160000 m2 suuruse linnaku (mäesuusahall, suusatunnel) Punasele tänavale

  2. Stekljannaja stena - simvol protivostojanija estontsev / Dagne Hanschmidt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanschmidt, Dagne

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Reservohvitseride Kogu algatatud vastupanumälestusmärgi ideekonkursi tulemustest. Monument püstitatakse Tallinnasse välisministeeriumi hoone ette. Võidutööst (autor avalikustamata). Kommenteerivad Aavo Ermel ja Eerik-Niiles Kross. Vaata ka lk. 1. Teise koha sai Ernst Jaaksoni eskiis metsavendadega ja kolmanda koha eskiis "Sein"

  3. Ära pabista, Sam! / Toomas Paul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paul, Toomas, 1939-

    2003-01-01

    Inimese võimest leida lohutust täieliku lootusetuse olukorras ja võimetusest ette näha, milliste tulemusteni tema tegevus lõpuks viib. Ilm. ka: Paul, Toomas. Riskiveski krigin // Pastishsh & popurrii : ilmavaatlusi / Paul, Toomas. - [Tallinn] : Oomen, 2007. - Lk. 133-139

  4. EU may issue fine for trash problem

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni keskkonna peadirektoraadi direktor Morgens Peter Carl väidab, et kuna prügikoristuskampaania "Teeme ära" raames koguti kokku suur hulk prügi, ei ole Eestis piisavalt prügi kogumiseks ette nähtud kohti

  5. Põlevkivielekter muudab elektriautod saastajateks / Mirko Ojakivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojakivi, Mirko

    2011-01-01

    Säästva transpordi raporti kohaselt saastab elektriauto juhul, kui elektritootmine jätkub Eestis põlevkivielektri põhisena, kilomeetri kohta palju rohkem CO₂-ga kui praegu ülejäänud uued autod keskmiselt. Samas on Tallinnas elektriautode puhul ette nähtud tasuta parkimine

  6. Avaliku ja erasektori koostöö paraneb / Iivi Otto

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otto, Iivi

    2007-01-01

    Riigikogus on menetlemisel uus riigihangete seadus, mis näeb ette kaks olulist muudatust, tänu millele võiksid avaliku ja erasektori partnerlussuhtel (Public Private Partnership ehk PPP) põhinevad projektid muutuda läbimõeldumaks ja laialdaselt kasutatavamaks

  7. Pühapäeva hommik : [luuletused] / Wallace Stevens ; tõlk. Hasso Krull, Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stevens, Wallace

    2008-01-01

    Sisu: Pühapäeva hommik ; Peter Quince klahvide ees ; Mozart, 1935 ; Postkaart vulkaanist ; Moodsast luulest ; Paks punane mees loeb ette ; Seesmise armukese viimane üksikõne ; Ühe üksikasja kulg. Elu- ja loomeloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 531-532

  8. Suurimad rõõmuhetked on proovides / Ingo Normet ; intervjueerinud Tiina Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Ingo, 1946-

    2009-01-01

    Ugalas peatselt publiku ette jõudva Kay Pollaki näidendi "Nii nagu taevas" lavastaja Ingo Normetiga näidendist, lavastaja osast loo valmimisel, tööst lavakunstikooli õppejõu ja juhatajana, teatriõppest Viljandis

  9. Muuseumid / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Itaalia valitsuse poolt ette valmistatud riiklike muuseumide privatiseerimise seaduseelnõust, mis on põhjustanud rahvusvahelise protestilaine. Prantsusmaal vastu võetud uuest muuseume puudutavast seadusest, selle kogude kaitsmise sättest. Stockholmi Moderna Museeti sulgemisest remondi tõttu 13. I 2002 pooleteiseks aastaks. Muuseumide Ühingu loomisest Venemaal.

  10. Ökokunst Viljandi "Kiriküüdil" / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2002-01-01

    Lõppes seitsmes ökoteemaline "Kiriküüt". Ürituse organiseerijate eesotsas on pikemalt olnud Tiiu Männiste ja Mari Sobolev. Jakobsoni kuju juures kandsid kirikuõpetaja Mart Salumäe ja "Ugala" direktor Jaak Allik ette rühmituse VSN performance'i "Mulgi näide". Ökoloogiast

  11. Soome otsib endale välispoliitikas selgemat kurssi / Tiina Hakman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hakman, Tiina

    2007-01-01

    Reageeringutest kaitseminister Jyri Häkämiesi Washingtonis peetud kõnele, kus ta nimetas Soome julgeolekuväljakutsena Venemaad. President Tarja Halonenile heidetakse ette liigset domineerimist välis- ja julgeolekupoliitikat kujundavas ühiskomisjonis. Soome parteide suhtumisest NATO-ga liitumisse

  12. "Ignalina referendum misleading," Adamkus says / Adam Mullett

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mullett, Adam

    2008-01-01

    Leedus toimub oktoobris referendum selle üle, kas Ignalina tuumaelektrijaam peaks jätkama tööd pärast 2009. aasta lõppu, kui on ette nähtud selle sulgemine. President Valdas Adamkus peab referendumit eksitavaks, kuna sellega tekitatakse arvamus, et Leedu saab taganeda Euroopa Liiduga liitumisel seatud kokkulepetest

  13. Mot en professionalisering av det pedagogiska ledarskapet vid Umeå universitet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven B Eriksson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Det pedagogiska ledarskapet inom högre utbildning fokuseras allt mer. Det understryks genom att flera lärosäten föreskriver såväl att pedagogiska ledare ska finnas på olika nivåer, som vilka övergripande uppgifter dessa ska ha. Denna artikel är ett resultat av en fallstudie av hur de tillägnade kunskaperna och färdigheterna från kursen Pedagogiskt ledarskap, en kurs för målgruppen studierektorer/pedagogiskt ansvariga eller motsvarande arrangerad av Universitetspedagogiskt centrum, har bidragit till deltagarnas professionalisering av det pedagogiska ledarskapet ett år efter kursens slut. Fallstudien genomfördes genom gruppintervjuer. Respondenterna uttryckte att de fått ett stärkt självförtroende i rollen som pedagogiska ledare samt att kursen bidrog till en professionalisering av rollen som pedagogiska ledare genom att stärka identiteten, att skapa en början till en handlingsetik bestående av delvis delade värderingar kring det pedagogiska ansvaret samt ge utbildning och träning i färdigheter som har sin grund i teoretisk kunskap. Kursen Pedagogiskt ledarskap ger därmed ett stöd i en process mot en professionalisering av det pedagogiska ledarskapet vid Umeå universitet.

  14. Kuidas valest tööst mitte vabaneda / Herminia Ibarra ; tõlkinud Kadre Vaik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibarra, Herminia

    2003-01-01

    Autor kirjeldab läbiviidud karjäärimuutuste uuringu ja näidete taustal erinevaid põhjuseid, mis sunnivad inimesi ette võtma radikaalset karjäärimuutust ning mida selline töökohavahetus endaga kaasa toob. Vt. samas: Mitu mina ; Katseta ja õpi ; Karjäärimuutuste uuringud

  15. Tallinn jäi kultuuripealinna projekti rahastamisel hätta / Maria-Elisa Rannajõe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rannajõe, Maria-Elisa

    2007-01-01

    Järgmise aasta riigieelarvest on projekti "Tallinn Euroopa kultuuripealinn 2011" rahastamiseks eraldatud ette nähtud summast 10 miljonit krooni vähem. Tallinna abilinnapea Kaia Jäppineni sõnul on linn palunud Brüsselilt ajapikendust riigiga kokkuleppele jõudmiseks, pikendust anti 2-3 kuud

  16. Akadeemilised osakonnad : klaveriosakond / Ivari Ilja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilja, Ivari, 1959-

    2009-01-01

    2008. a. valmistati ette VII Eesti pianistide konkurss. I preemia saavutas Maksim Štšura, finalistidiplomi Jaan Ots. Helmi Valtmani stipendiumi sai Jaan Kapp, Lord Carlisle'i stipendiumi Mihkel Poll. Yamaha stipendiumikonkursi võitis Maksim Štšura. Holland Music Sessions 2008 stipendiaadid olid: Maksim Štšura ja Jaan Ots.

  17. Oversikt over påviste pesticider i perioden 1995-2006. Resultater fra JOVA: Jord- og vannovervåking i landbruket i Norge

    OpenAIRE

    Ludvigsen, Gro Hege; Lode, Olav

    2008-01-01

    Rapporten presenterer resultatene av overvåkingen av pesticider i perioden 1995-2006. Resultatene er presentert for ett pesticid om gangen og oppsummerer funn av pesticider i bekker, elver, grunnvann, grøftevann, episodestudier, nedbør og sediment. Resultatene er presentert i tabeller og med en kort tekst som oppsummerer de viktigste resultatene og midlenes egenskaper.

  18. 16. oktoobril 2005 Kõik valima! : [luuletused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: Inna Feldbach. "Tegin vahtralehdedele põletusmatust..." ; Katrin Väli. Ülesanne: vrais ou faut ; Karl Martin Sinijärv. Monkey Doodle ehk Kommarid? Kahju... ; Andra Teede. Suurte siniste silmade maa ; Tiina Saar. Valijale ; Kohutav keskerakohuke / tundmatu netifolklorist ; Julius Ürt. Etteütlus

  19. Kollisioner igång till hösten

    CERN Multimedia

    Hellman, STen

    2009-01-01

    "Der började så bra. Den 10 september var utannonserad som dagen då CERNs nya accelerator LHC för första gången skulle ta emot protoner och losta dem ett helt varv runt den 27 km långa acceleratorringen" (3 pages)

  20. Evaluation of three adjusting manoeuvres and type of endotracheal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-09

    Sep 9, 2011 ... cuff of the air-Q™ ILA was deflated and removed with the aid of a dedicated removal stylet. This was considered to be the first attempt at tracheal intubation. The ETT was now connected to the breathing circuit, and maintenance of anaesthesia commenced. If the tracheal intubation failed, three adjusting ...