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Sample records for estates das brennstoffkennzahl-verfahren

  1. The fuel index method as a new planning instrument in the erection and redevelopment of residential estates; Das Brennstoffkennzahl-Verfahren als neues Planungsinstrument fuer Neubau- und Sanierungsvorhaben

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elsenberger, U. [Industrie und Communal Consulting GmbH, Aachen (Germany); Boese, M.; Diefenbach, N.; Petersdorff, C.; Schultze, K. [Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). 3. Physikalisches Inst. A

    1998-12-31

    The fuel index method aims at the largest possible exploitation of conservation potentials in residential thermal energy supply. The introduction of a thermal quality standard for thermal energy systems lays the foundation in process engineering terms for a competition between environment-friendly thermal energy supply and thermal insulation, with the aim to save energy and cost. Using higher-grade thermal energy at higher cost than current energy costs is approved of if its use involves an ambitious conservation aim. In this way, particularly rational energy techniques are promoted. (orig.) [Deutsch] Das Brennstoffkennzahl-Verfahren zielt auf eine effektive Erschliessung weitgehender Einsparziele bei der Waermeversorgung von Wohngebieten. Mit der Einfuehrung der Waermequalitaet als Guetemass eines Waermeversorgungssystems werden die verfahrenstechnischen Grundlagen fuer eine auf kostenguenstige Energieeinsparung ausgerichtete Konkurrenz zwischen umweltfreundlicher Waermeversorgung und Waermeschutz geschaffen. Waerme hoeherer Qualitaet darf bei Vorgabe eines ehrgeizigen Einsparziels teurer sein als heute ueblich. Damit wird der Einsatz besonders rationeller Energietechniken gefoerdert. (orig.)

  2. Descritores estatísticos na caracterização das fricativas do Português Brasileiro: Características espectrais das fricativas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Audineia Ferreira-Silva

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, as características do espectro de frequência das fricativas labiodentais, alveolares e palatoalveolares do Português Brasileiro foram investigadas com relação ao ponto de articulação e contexto vocálico. A mensuração do espectro de frequência das fricativas foi realizada por meio da análise dos quatro momentos espectrais (centroide, variância, assimetria e curtose. Nossos resultados indicam um efeito significativo do ponto de articulação e contexto vocálico nos valores dos quatro momentos espectrais das fricativas do Português Brasileiro. Os resultados indicam que os momentos espectrais centroide e variância foram mais eficazes para diferenciar as fricativas do que os outros dois momentos, assimetria e curtose.

  3. A influência dos tirantes de fixação do estator nas perdas das máquinas de indução trifásicas

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Luiz Fernando Camarini de

    2013-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico, Programa de Pós-graduação em Engenharia Elétrica, Florianópolis, 2013. Este trabalho refere-se ao estudo da influência dos tirantes de fixação do estator no desempenho das máquinas de indução trifásicas. São destacadas duas formas de fixação do pacote do estator: com tirantes externos e com tirantes embutidos ao pacote. O estudo é dividido em sete casos distintos: tirantes totalmente externos, ...

  4. Qualidade das operações de preparo de solo por controle estatístico de processo Quality of tillage operations by statistical process control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Milan

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available A concorrência em escala mundial obriga as empresas a buscar maior eficiência administrativa e operacional. As técnicas de controle estatístico de processo (CEP são uma das ferramentas que permitem a melhoria da qualidade e produtividade nas empresas. Desenvolvido e largamente aplicado nas indústrias, o CEP tem grande potencial de utilização na agropecuária. Tendo em vista o desenvolvimento desse potencial, esse trabalho tem por objetivo avaliar os efeitos da utilização do controle de qualidade em operações agrícolas de preparo do solo para a cultura do milho utilizando-se como ferramenta de análise o CEP. A utilização do controle na operação de escarificação proporcionou redução da variabilidade de dados de profundidade de trabalho média em 38,4% e aumento de 45,0% dos dados desejados. Na gradagem, houve redução de 9,8% dos dados médios de tamanho de torrões, e um aumento de 75,0% de torrões aceitáveis.Agricultural enterprises must have a professional business management and competitive operational techniques to face competition. The statistical process control (SPC technique is one of the tools that improve quality and productivity of the companies. Developed and used in factories, the SPC has a large application potential for farming and stocking. Facing this potential development, the aim of this study was to evaluate the quality control effects on tillage operations using the SPC as an evaluation tool. The quality control for the chisel operation provided a reduction of 38.4% on data average variability and increased desired data to 45.0%. For the harrow operation, provided a reduction of 9.8% of the average diameter, and increased in 75.0% the desired stone diameter rate for the area.

  5. Modelação estatística das co-infecções da SIDA em países da União Europeia

    OpenAIRE

    Sequeira, Inês Jorge da Silva

    2009-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada para obtenção do Grau de Doutor em Matemática, especialidade de Estatística, pela Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Neste trabalho utilizam-se dados da WHO relativos a 12 países da UE (os únicos para os quais se conhece a informação suficiente) para estudar nos mesmos as co-infecçõeses da SIDA. Concretizando, pretendia-se testar a hipótese de que as co-infecções relevantes erama Hepatite B, Hepatite C e a Tuberculose e ordenar os ...

  6. Avaliação das propriedades elétricas de barras estatóricas fabricadas com resina do tipo éter diglicidílico do bisfenol F (DGEBF contendo nanopartículas de silica

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    Rafael Novaes da Conceição

    Full Text Available Resumo O presente trabalho visa apresentar resultados da aplicação de uma resina epóxi bisfenólica (DGEBF à base de nanopartículas de sílica (RN e comparar suas propriedades com a resina convencional de referência epóxi bisfenólica (DGEBA (RE, atualmente utilizada. Neste sentido fabricaram-se protótipos de barras estatórica, destinadas a hidrogeradores, através do sistema VPI (Vácuo-Pressão-Impregnação e avaliaram-se as propriedades elétricas pelas técnicas de fator de dissipação e envelhecimento acelerado. Dentre os resultados para as resinas observou-se que: (i o fator de dissipação e de envelhecimento são praticamente os mesmos para ambas as resinas; (ii o valor de tip-up resultaram em 0,014% para RE e 0,020% para a resina RN e (iii a estimativa do tempo de vida útil esta em cerca de 40 anos, o que é aplicável para a maioria das aplicações industriais. Neste sentido sugere-se que a resina RN pode ser uma alternativa a resina RE, com um desempenho elétrico equivalente.

  7. Real Estate Career Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert; Gardner, Gene

    Designed to provide basic information on the major entry-level career fields in real estate, this document can be used as a reference manual for counselors and instructors. The manual contains general information about the following real estate careers: salesperson, sales manager, broker, land developer, property manager, appraiser, mortgage loan…

  8. Mudanças no Ambiente Competitivo e Novas Estratégias Tecnológicas: uma Análise Baseada nas Estatísticas de Patentes das Principais Empresas Parapetrolíferas a Partir dos Anos 1980

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    Mariana Iootty

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper sheds light on the technological strategies of Baker Hughes, Halliburton and Schlumberger from 1979 to 1998. Using patent statistics computed with the data from European Patent Office dataset, the paper finds a change in the technological strategies of these firms after the counter oil shock. The results indicate that after 1986, the technological performance of the above mentioned firms improved and that there was a significant enlargement of the technological competences, measured through the International Patent Classification (three digits. The paper argues that these modifications of technological strategies are related with the changes on the competitive context of the oil contractors, caused by the restructuring process implemented by the majors in the middle 1980s.O presente trabalho analisa as estratégias tecnológicas adotadas pelas empresas Baker Hughes, Halliburton e Schlumberger entre 1979 e 1998. Utilizando estatísticas calculadas a partir das patentes depositadas pelas empresas na base European Patent Office, o trabalho sugere uma mudança das estratégias tecnológicas das mesmas após o contrachoque do petróleo. Utilizando a International Patent Classification a três dígitos, as evidências empíricas indicam que após 1986 houve uma melhora significativa na performance tecnológica e na diversificação das competências tecnológicas das empresas analisadas. O presente trabalho argumenta que estas modificações tecnológicas estão relacionadas com as transformações no ambiente competitivo destas empresas, impostas pelo processo de reestruturação das majors no mesmo período.

  9. Análise estatística das atitudes dos alunos de iniciação científica da Universidade Estadual de Maringá, em relação à disciplina Estatística - 2000

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    Carleno Alcides Amorim Quintino

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Com objetivo de avaliar as atitudes dos alunos de Iniciação Científica da Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Estado do Paraná, em 2000, referente à disciplina Estatística, utilizaram-se a Escala de Atitudes com Relação à Estatística (EAE e um questionário para complementar as informações. Empregaram-se análise exploratória de dados e técnicas multivariadas para análise de consistência da escala EAE, através do coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach. A amostra foi composta de 98 alunos; 70% já haviam participado de projetos de pesquisa. Para 75%, a estatística é necessária em pesquisas; 11,23% não confiam nos resultados estatísticos e 38,78% consideram-na importante. Na escala EAE, a média foi de 56,16 pontos, indicando atitude positiva. A confiabilidade da escala (alfa de Cronbach foi de 0,937. O teste Kruskal-Wallis não foi significativo para as diferenças entre médias dos escores dos grupos formados pelas áreas e por sexo e foi significativo para a diferença entre as médias dos escores quanto à auto-avaliação do desempenho

  10. Uma análise estatística com vistas a previsibilidade de internações por doenças respiratórias em função das condições meteorotrópicas na cidade de São Paulo.

    OpenAIRE

    Micheline de Sousa Zanotti Stagliorio Coêlho

    2007-01-01

    O conhecimento antecipado das condições meteorológicas poderá ajudar a sociedade a evitar prejuízos e desperdícios de recursos humanos e materiais. Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo foi obter a partir de uma análise estatística um modelo capaz de predizer internações a partir dos dados de poluição do ar e índices biometeorológicos. Para isso, foram utilizados dados diários de 1997 a 2000, referentes à cidade de São Paulo. Os dados de internações por doenças respiratórias foram divididos em tr...

  11. Aplicação das classificações do sistema de informação estatística brasileiro à cadeia produtiva óleo-suco-citrícola nacional Application of the Brazilian statistical information system classifications to the national citrus oil-juice productive chain

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    Adailson da Silva Santos

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho aborda a aplicação das classificações do Sistema de Informação Estatística em vigência no Brasil na cadeia produtiva agroindustrial, preenchendo assim uma lacuna existente na literatura das ciências agrárias. Devido ao seu destaque no setor, em termos de produção/ comercialização/ exportação, selecionou-se a cadeia produtiva da indústria brasileira óleo-suco-citrícola. O objetivo é identificar o posicionamento de cada classificação na cadeia e as demandas a jusante e a montante para cada atividade e produto. Considerando o sistema estatístico, foi analisada a Classificação Nacional de Atividades Econômicas (CNAE e a Nomenclatura Comum do Mercosul (NCM. Foram consultadas as informações estatísticas do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE e da Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU, além da específica literatura científica. De modo geral, essas classificações de atividades econômicas e produtos não são mutuamente excludentes, mas podem sobrepor-se umas às outras com relativa facilidade e mínima intervenção. Apesar das muitas segmentações existentes, tanto a cadeia produtiva, quanto as classificações deste trabalho encontram-se corretamente definidas. Os elos da cadeia produtiva da indústria óleo-suco-citrícola brasileira envolvem estas atividades: cultivo, produção, colheita, processamento dos sucos e afins, aproveitamento industrial de subprodutos e resíduos/refugos, packing houses, distribuição, comercialização e consumo. Os produtos são: insumos agrícolas, a laranja (fruta, os sucos, óleos essenciais, águas aromáticas, terpenos, terpenoides, limoneno, perfumes e cosméticos.This paper addresses the application of the Statistical Information System classifications in force in Brazil in the agro-industrial production chain, thus filling a gap in the literature of agricultural sciences. Due to its prominence in the sector, in terms of production / marketing

  12. Department of Estate Management,

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2016-08-30

    Aug 30, 2016 ... Department of Estate Management, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic Owo, Nigeria. P.M.B 1019, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. Abstract. The extent of manageable displacement is one of the biggest problems faced today in ... and social networks as ma or perspectives of coastal communal to land acquisition in the.

  13. Real Estate in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rimmer, Nina Røhr

    2016-01-01

    A general introduction to buying, owning and selling Property i Denmark. The cost of buying and selling property and the tax implications as well as the general concept of real estate is introduced. The paper includes also a brief introduction to some of the aspects which you should beware of when...

  14. Behavioural Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Salzman, Diego; Zwinkels, Remco

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThe behavioural approach to decision making under uncertainty combines insights from psychology and sociology into economic decision making. It steps away from the normative homo economicus and introduces a positive approach to human decision making under uncertainty. We provide an overview of the main themes in the behavioural real estate literature from the perspective of different market participants. It can be concluded that there seems to be general agreement that behavioural...

  15. Trust and Estate Planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrington, Brooke

    2012-01-01

    , these professionals keep a significant portion of the world’s private wealth beyond the reach of the state. Trust and estate planning thus contributes to creating and maintaining socioeconomic inequality on a global scale. The significance of the profession has grown as wealth itself has become more fungible......, spurring innovation in legal, organizational, and financial strategies, and thwarting a myriad of laws and policies designed to limit enduring inequality in modern, democratic societies....

  16. Análise estatística das características de vazão do córrego Capetinga Statistical analysis of the discharge characteristics of the Capetinga streamlet

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    Cícero L. da Silva

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Em 1996 foram instalados, num dos córregos da Fazenda Experimental da Universidade de Brasília, um linígrafo e três pluviógrafos, iniciando-se, assim, a medição de algumas variáveis hidrometeorológicos referentes à bacia do córrego Capetinga. Conhecendo-se as médias mensais da vazão e as médias específicas, traçaram-se as respectivas curvas de permanência das vazões médias mensais desse córrego. Dessas curvas, extraíram-se os valores da vazão associada à permanência de 95% (Q95 e da vazão específica associada à permanência de 95% (q95. Não houve discrepância entre os valores de q95 e a razão entre Q95 e a área da bacia. Através da distribuição de valores extremos do tipo 1 ou de Gumbel, determinaram-se os períodos de retorno das vazões máximas instantâneas anuais e das mínimas anuais, com duração de sete dias. Calcularam-se, também, os eventos esperados dos máximos anuais e dos mínimos com a mencionada duração, para os períodos de retorno de 5, 10, 20, 50 e 100 anos. Verificou-se que a distribuição de Gumbel, no caso dos máximos, adaptou-se muito bem tanto na descrição dos eventos simulados quanto na descrição dos eventos observados, ao passo que no caso dos mínimos não houve discrepância, seja nos eventos simulados ou nos observados.In 1996 one water level recorder and three recording rain gauges were installed in the Capetinga streamlet watershed at 'Fazenda Água Limpa' at University of Brasília, allowing to measure some hydro-meteorological parameters. Knowing the monthly average of the stream flow and the specific average, it was possible to draw the respective permanence curves of the monthly average discharge of Capetinga streamleat. From these curves it was possible to determine values of minimum monthly average at 95% probability level (Q95 and of minimum specific monthly average at 95% probability level (q95. There was not discrepancy among the q95 and the ratio betwen Q95 and

  17. Analysing UK real estate market forecast disagreement

    OpenAIRE

    McAllister, Patrick; Newell, G.; Matysiak, George

    2005-01-01

    Given the significance of forecasting in real estate investment decisions, this paper investigates forecast uncertainty and disagreement in real estate market forecasts. Using the Investment Property Forum (IPF) quarterly survey amongst UK independent real estate forecasters, these real estate forecasts are compared with actual real estate performance to assess a number of real estate forecasting issues in the UK over 1999-2004, including real estate forecast error, bias and consensus. The re...

  18. An Industry Profile of Corporate Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Linda L.; Terry Keasler; Stellan Lundstrom

    1993-01-01

    Corporate real estate is increasingly becoming an area of emphasis for real estate professionals and academics, particularly in asset management. Using balance sheet data on real estate corporate holdings, total assets, and firm marketing values from 1984-1991, this article provides an analysis of real estate holdings both by industry sector and asset subtype. Industry rank order by gross value of total real estate holdings and asset subtype, real estate as a percent of assets, and real estat...

  19. Utilização da estatística multivariada como ferramenta para identificação das possíveis fontes de poluição do Arroio Lavras do Sul/RS, Brasil

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    Luana Nunes Centeno

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A poluição existente em um corpo d`água é fortemente influenciada pelas diversas atividades antrópicas existentes na bacia hidrográfica na qual o manancial faz parte, demandando a identificação das fontes de poluição, para que estes corpos hídricos sejam adequados de acordo com os usos a que se dispõem. Diante isso, este trabalho objetivou utilizar a análise fatorial/ componentes principais para identificar as possíveis fontes de poluição do arroio Lavras do Sul localizado no Sul do Rio Grande Do Sul. Para isto, foram utilizadas nove variáveis de qualidade da água disponibilizados pela Fundação Estadual de Proteção Ambiental Henrique Luis Roessler, sendo elas, Oxigênio Dissolvido (OD, Demanda Bioquímica de Oxigênio (DBO520, Turbidez (TH, Nitrogênio Total Kjeldahl (NTK, Fosforo Total (PT, Temperatura da Água (TH2O, Coliformes Termotolerantes (CT, Sólidos Totais (ST e Potencial Hidrogêniônico (pH. As variáveis que apresentaram os maiores coeficientes de correlação com outras variáveis envolvidas neste estudo foram CT, DBO520, OD, TH2O e TH, após a decomposição da matriz que gerou dois fatores que explicaram 100% da variância total dos dados, sendo que a primeira componente principal gerada estava relacionada quando proveniente de ações antrópicas a despejos domésticos e atividades agropecuárias; já a segunda componente principal estava relacionada a despejos industriais e atividades mineradoras.

  20. Real estate surfaces appraisal

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    Marina Ciuna

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In the appraisal of the market value of the properties are applied two important surface indexes: the market surface ratio of the secondary surfaces and the ratio of the site value to total value (allocation method. The measure of both these indexes can be revealed difficult: the data collection of the surface trade ratio in the market can get different results and in practice often the valuer refolds on the fixed coefficients brought in the handbooks and in the circulars of the public administration; the appraisal of the ratio of the site, especially in the central zones and for ancient buildings, where besides the incidence is higher, is developed extrapolating the ratios from the peripheral zones for new building or falling back on the publications of real estate sector.For the market comparison methods are proposed a series of test of surface trade ratio and land value ratio to foresee the effect on the appraisal result.

  1. Análise de Desempenho das Ações das Empresas do Setor da Construção Civil na Bovespa em Relação à Rentabilidade, Estrutura de Capital e Conjuntura Setorial = Performance Analysis of the Shares of Companies in the Sector of Real Estate in Bovespa in Relation to Profitability, Capital Structure and Environment Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carlos Evencio Oliveira da Silva

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo da relação entre as informações contábeis e o mercado de ações tem se tornado relevante na avaliação de risco e retorno das empresas de capital aberto. Nesse sentido, o presente artigo tem como objetivo verificar se a rentabilidade e a estrutura de capital influenciam no preço das ações das construtoras listadas na Bolsa de Valores de São Paulo (BOVESPA. Além disso, foi verificada a influência dos principais indicadores econômicos do setor no preço das ações. A pesquisa tem caráter descritivo. Foi utilizada a análise multivariada de dados quantitativos com o emprego da técnica de regressão linear múltipla. O período analisado se estende do primeiro trimestre de 2008 ao primeiro trimestre de 2013. Os resultados demonstram que os preços das ações das empresas são influenciados pelas variáveis selecionadas, considerando que para algumas empresas as variáveis conjunturais têm maior peso do que as variáveis de rentabilidade e estrutura de capital. The study of the relationship between accounting information and the stock market has become relevant in the assessment of risk and return of publicly traded companies. In this sense, this article aims at verifying whether the profitability and the capital structure influence the share price of construction listed on the São Paulo Stock Exchange (BOVESPA. Furthermore, it was investigated the influence of the main economic indicators of the sector in the stock price. The research is descriptive, multivariate quantitative analysis with the use of the technique of multiple linear regression data being used. The sample period extends from the first quarter 2008 to first quarter 2013. The results show that stock prices of some companies are influenced by selected variables, considering that for some companies, cyclical variables have greater weight the the variables of profitability and capital structure.

  2. O que (não dizem os números – para além das estatísticas sobre o Novo Mapa Religioso Brasileiro (The meaning of numbers - beyond statistics on the Brazilian New Religious Map. DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n23p690

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    Mauro Passos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Na dinâmica do campo religioso brasileiro, novas formas de crer surgem, algumas religiões têm maior expansão - como algumas correntes evangélicas - e religiões tradicionais - como o catolicismo - vão-se “desencantando”. Este artigo pretende, a partir dos dados sobre religião da Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares (POF/IBGE, 2009, publicados em estudo da Fundação Getúlio Vargas - FGV (NERI, 2011, discutir a composição deste novo mapa religioso. Em relação às igrejas cristãs, o estudo da FGV mostrou, em termos quantitativos, a diminuição do número de católicos, a estabilização do percentual de evangélicos pentecostais e o crescimento dos evangélicos não-pentecostais. Partindo da evolução histórica dos dados estatísticos sobre religião no Brasil, analisar-se-á, inicialmente, o declínio numérico do catolicismo, suas implicações e perspectivas. Em seguida buscar-se-á, através de uma análise crítica das conclusões do estudo da FGV sobre o campo protestante brasileiro, interpretar as possibilidades e os limites do uso dos dados da pesquisa para a compreensão da dinâmica do campo religioso brasileiro. Nesta via, o panorama religioso brasileiro deve ser interpretado além dos dados estatísticos.Palavras-chave: Pluralidade Religiosa. Campo Religioso Brasileiro. Catolicismo. Pentecostalismo. Demografia das Religiões.AbstractThe article shows that within the Brazilian religious field new ways of believe have emerged. In this way, it also shows that some religions are in expansion – as some evangelical movements and traditional religions while some traditional religions – like Catholicism – are in a process of disenchantment. This article aims, from the 2009 Household Budget Survey – Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares (POF/IBGE, 2009 – data on religion published in a recent study elaborated by Fundação Getúlio Vargas (NERI, 2011, discuss the composition of this new religious map. Regarding the

  3. csapAIH: uma função para a classificação das condições sensíveis à atenção primária no programa estatístico R

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    Fúlvio Borges Nedel

    Full Text Available Resumo Hospitalizações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária (CSAP são um indicador indireto da efetividade da atenção primária à saúde. Para automatizar a classificação de códigos da Classificação Estatística Internacional de Doenças e Problemas Relacionados à Saúde - Décima Revisão (CID-10, segundo a lista brasileira de CSAP, e prover funcionalidades para o manejo dos "arquivos reduzidos" da Autorização de Internação Hospitalar (AIH, foi criado um pacote no programa R. O pacote csapAIH contém uma única função homônima, que lê os dados segundo sua natureza (arquivo ou data frame com a estrutura da AIH, ou fator com códigos da CID-10 e retorna, segundo as opções definidas, um banco de dados ou vetor contendo a classificação da internação. Este artigo apresenta o pacote e a função csapAIH, seu modo de instalação e uso, além de exemplos de suas funcionalidades que permitem conferir maior agilidade, precisão e validade ao estudo das CSAP no Brasil.

  4. Economic Effects Real Estate Tax

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    Tadić Milan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The real estate tax is usually a fiscal instrument which performs the property tax. When it comes to real property or immovable this term include: apartments, houses, land, cottages, excess housing landscape and more. The real estate tax as a form of the fiscal charges ownership or use of certain forms of real estate, and the revenue from this tax is levied on the area where the property is located regardless of the place of residence of its owner. The tax base for the calculation of this tax usually consists of the market, estimated or annuity value of certain real estate. This form of taxation in the Republic of Serbian applies from 1.1.2012., and its introduction has been replaced by former property taxes. The differences between the two concepts mentioned taxes are numerous and significant. Among the more important are: subject to taxation under the new concept of the real estate rather than law, a taxpayer is any property owner rather than the holder of rights to immovable property tax base is the market value of real estate which is replaced by the payment of taxes per square meter of usable area, the rate of property tax is determined local government, which can not be lower than 0.05% of the estimated value of the real estate nor higher than 0.5% of the appraised value of real estate. The last change, ie. The new law on Property Tax from 5.11.2015. was determined by the tax rate to 20%. The fact that local governments each of them determines the tax rate on real estate which range from high to low rates of multiple, makes this tax is progressive. Progression is particularly expressed in the distinction applied tax rates of developed and undeveloped municipalities, where we have a case that less developed tolerate a higher tax burden, which leads to negative economic effects. However, real estate tax has its own economic and social characteristics which must be aligned with the objectives of tax policy. This means that the real estate tax

  5. Real Estate 20:20

    OpenAIRE

    Ratcliffe, John

    1997-01-01

    This paper seeks to establish a framework for studying real estate futures. In doing so, it explores the general climate of change within which property decisions will have to be made, and examines the specific real estate opportunities that might emerge as a result of that change. For the purpose of appraisal, the forces of change are grouped into six sectors - cultural, demographic, economic, environmental, governmental and technological. Property perspectives are then portrayed for each of...

  6. Specifika Real Estate Investment Trust

    OpenAIRE

    Nenadál, Petr

    2012-01-01

    The thesis is aimed to describe and approach the REIT practice that is, especially in the U. S. very enhanced. In the first part, general parameters of real estate investment trusts are introduced and understated in connection with the depiction of the advantages and disadvantages of this issue. In chronological sequence, the development and progress of the U. S. real estate market is approached. The thesis further undertakes the current subject of the global financial crisis with a special f...

  7. 15 CFR 806.8 - Real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate. 806.8 Section 806.8... ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.8 Real estate. Residential real..., is considered real estate held for personal use. Ownership of residential real estate by a...

  8. FATORES QUE INFLUENCIAM O ENDIVIDAMENTO E A INADIMPLÊNCIA NO SETOR IMOBILIÁRIO DA CIDADE DE TORITAMA-PE À LUZ DAS FINANÇAS COMPORTAMENTAIS/FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE DEBT AND THE DEFAULT IN REAL ESTATE SECTOR OF THE TORITAMA CITY (PE) IN LIGHT OF THE BEHAVIORAL FINANCES

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    W G L Lucena; J M A Santos; J T Assis; M C Santos

    2014-01-01

    .... In this sense, we seek to perform this work a study on the factors influencing the high levels of indebtedness and defaults in real estate subdivisions of the city of Toritama - PE, light of Behavioral Finance...

  9. Challenges for Large Housing Estates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig

    This paper examines policies and improvement programmes implemented to improve troubled housing estates during three decades. It is based on evaluations of implemented programmes conducted for the Danish ministry of housing and the National Building Fund as well as similar studies from other...... European countries. Case studies illustrate local developments and outcomes and are the base for questioning the original identification of problems and thus the chosen solutions. Perspectives for current policy initiatives in the field of troubled housing estates are discussed in a general housing market...

  10. Real Forestry for Real Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Jennifer; Fisher, Jason

    2013-01-01

    Virginia is poised to see an unprecedented change in forest land ownership. To provide new landowners with information on sustainable forest management, we developed a two-part program, Real Forestry for Real Estate. First, we assembled New Landowner Packets, which contain a variety of sustainable forest management resources. Second, two…

  11. Challenges for Large Housing Estates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig

    This paper examines policies and improvement programmes implemented to improve troubled housing estates during three decades. It is based on evaluations of implemented programmes conducted for the Danish ministry of housing and the National Building Fund as well as similar studies from other Euro...

  12. Texas Real Estate Curriculum Workshop Summary Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The Texas Real Estate Research Center-Texas Education Agency (TRERC-TEA) curriculum workshop was attended by over 40 participants representing 26 Texas community colleges. These participants divided into eight small groups by real estate specialty area and developed curriculum outlines and learning objectives for the following real estate courses:…

  13. 75 FR 36271 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate Brokers and Agents AGENCY: Office of General Counsel, HUD. ACTION... performed by real estate brokers and agents as additional settlement services in a real estate transaction...

  14. Essay in real estate appraisel

    OpenAIRE

    Söderberg, Bo

    1999-01-01

    This is an academic dissertation submitted in partialfulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor ofTechnology. The dissertation consists of a short summary anddiscussion of seven enclosed essays. All seven papers aredevoted to central issues within real estate appraisal andvaluation, with emphasis on the market for income property. Essay Ianalyses the market prices for mixed-use incomeproperties, with mainly residential use. A hedonic priceequation is estimated based on market tra...

  15. Routines, rigidity and real estate

    OpenAIRE

    Dooley, Kenneth

    2017-01-01

    Finding ways to reduce the environmental impact of the existing building stock is an important element in climate change mitigation. This article examines environmentally focused organisational innovations in the corporate real estate industry. Organisational innovations are often overlooked as they cause considerable disruption to the daily routines of employees. In this article, the focal organisational innovation is the adoption of activity-based working. The study aims to uncover the barr...

  16. Integral energy concepts for housing estates; Integrale Energiekonzepte fuer Wohnsiedlungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisch, M.N.; Kuehl, L. [Technische Univ. Braunschweig (Germany)

    1998-06-01

    Integral energy concepts for housing estates require an early cooperation between architects, planners, and specialist engineers on the basis of a holistic planning approach. This is how future-oriented, sustainable concepts evolve which do justice to the multifarious requirements on the integral energy system of a housing estate. The present paper elucidates different approaches to optimising the energy efficiency of buildings such as the implementation of low-energy house concepts, building site and architectural planning, and detailed planning of heat insulation concepts, ventilation and air tightness concepts, and adapted heating systems. The solarisation of development plans has an influence on the arrangement of buildings, which are now planned to give the greatest possible passive and active solar energy gains. The authors also describe solar-assisted district heating systems for housing estates. [Deutsch] Integrale Energiekonzepte fuer Wohnsiedlungen erfordern die fruehe Zusammenarbeit von Architekten, Planern und Fachingenieuren im Rahmen einer ganzheitlichen Planung. So entstehen zukunftsweisende und tragfaehige Konzepte, die den vielschichtigen Anforderungen des Gesamtenergiesystems ``Wohnsiedlung`` gerecht werden. Im Folgenden wird die energetische Optimierung von Gebaeuden wie die Umsetzung von Niedrigenergiehaus-Konzepten, Standort und Gebaeudeplanung sowie Detailplanung in Bezug auf das Waermedaemmkonzept, Lueftungs-/Dichtheitskonzept und auf angepasste Waermeversorgungssysteme erl autert. Die Solarisierung von Bebauungsplaenen beeinflusste Anordnung der Gebaeude hinsichtlich der Nutzung passivsolarer Gewinne sowie des Einsatzes von Systemen der aktiven Solarenergienutzung. Solarunterstuetzte Nahwaermenetze fuer Wohnsiedlungen werden ebenfalls beschrieben.

  17. Someshwar Das

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Volume 117 Issue 5 October 2008 pp 603-620. Skills of different mesoscale models over Indian region during monsoon season: Forecast errors ... The sensitivity to the microphysical schemes on the skill of forecasting the track and intensity of tropical cyclones using WRF-ARW model · Devanil Choudhury Someshwar Das.

  18. CONSIDERATIONS FOR REAL ESTATE PROPERTY VALUATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Mihaela Onica

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Real estate properties are the most important elements of an economic activity that contributes to the creation of the value once they are included in the economic cycle.The adequate estimate of the value of real estate properties and competent analysis of all aspects related thereto are used as decision support regarding the use and disposal of the real estate properties. In determining the market value of a real estate property, you can choose one of three methods available in the practice of the valuation, market approach , income approach or cost approach. In this context, using the cost approach , we determine the market value of a real estate property , given that realistic , accurate estimate contribute to the establishment and stabilization of loans and investments that promote the development of the real estate property in the sense required by society.

  19. Modeling Sustainability Maturity in Corporate Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Rasita Masalskyte; Mia Andelin; Anna-Liisa Sarasoja

    2013-01-01

    Purpose - Sustainability in Corporate Real Estate has lately become a concurrent part of almost every enterprise. However the extent of activity may extremely differ in various industries. Sustainable Real Estate Practices have been broadly analyzed in the recent studies, but the holistic approach to the issue is missing. The purpose of this paper is to summarize and systematize the current activities and propose a generic Sustainability Maturity Model in Corporate Real Estate. Methodology - ...

  20. The real estate industry in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Engelberts, Reinout; Suarez, Jose L.

    2004-01-01

    The real estate industry in the Netherlands is one of the most sophisticated in Europe. In fact, some Dutch real estate companies are among the most active in the international arena, and are major players in the ongoing integration in European markets. The paper describes the sectors of the real estate industry, i.e. residential and commercial (offices, retail and industrial), social housing policies, and the characteristics of the major companies. Individualized descriptions of listed real ...

  1. A invisibilidade dos problemas de percurso dos alunos: dos registros escolares à fabricação das estatísticas educacionais oficiais (Minas Gerais, 1907-1917 - The invisibility of the problems of the students' paths: from schools registers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Maria Caldeira-Machado

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo objetiva apreender as formas de fabricação dos registros escolares elaborados por um grupo escolar e pela administração pública do governo de Minas Gerais. A análise foi construída acompanhando a trajetória dos modos de produção dos dados desde a documentação escolar até a divulgação nos registros oficiais: relatórios e a revista Vida Escolar. Os registros das publicações oficiais entre1907 a1917 pautavam-se em categorias recorrentes como matrícula, frequência, aprovações e conclusões de curso. Os dados do Grupo Escolar Paula Rocha, Sabará/MG, apresentam detalhamentos que revelam aspectos positivos e problemas da escola, como evasão e repetência. Inversamente, os dados oficiais reelaboram estes registros e produzem uma imagem da escolarização como um processo ascendente após a Reforma de 1906.Palavras-chaves: estatísticas oficiais, grupos escolares, registros escolares.THE INVISIBILITY OF THE PROBLEMS OF THE STUDENTS' PATHS: FROM SCHOOLS REGISTERS TO THE MANUFACTURING OF OFFICIAL  EDUCATIONAL STATISTICS (MINAS GERAIS, 1907-1917 AbstractThis paper aims to grasp the ways of manufacturing the school records at one elementary school and the public administration of state government. The analysis was built following the trajectory of modes of production these data from school documentation until their publication in the official records: reports and the journal School Life. Records of official publications between 1907-1917 were based in the recurring categories such as registration, attendance, course approvals and conclusion of courses. Data related to the Paula Rocha Elementary School, Sabará/MG, present details that reveal the institution’s richness and its problems, such as school dropout and repetition. Conversely, official data reconstruct these records producing an image of the school as a bottom up process, after the 1906 Reform.Key-words: official statistics, elementary school, school records

  2. 75 FR 74620 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Home Warranty Companies' Payments to Real Estate Brokers and Agents Interpretive Rule: Response to Public Comments AGENCY... fees to real estate brokers and agents by home warranty companies. The public was invited to comment on...

  3. 32 CFR 644.23 - Real Estate Planning Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Real Estate Planning Documents. 644.23 Section... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.23 Real Estate Planning Documents. (a) Real Estate Planning Reports. (1) A Real Estate Planning...

  4. 33 CFR 211.1 - Real estate defined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate defined. 211.1... DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.1 Real estate defined. The term real estate as used in this part includes land...

  5. 12 CFR 541.21 - Nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nonresidential real estate. 541.21 Section 541... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.21 Nonresidential real estate. The terms nonresidential real estate or nonresidential real property mean real estate that is not residential real estate...

  6. Corporate real estate and competitive strategy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bossink, B.A.G.; Singer, B.P.; Vande Putte, H.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate how organisations use a corporate real estate strategy to support their competitive strategy. It provides a theoretical and empirical overview and analysis of effective combinations of firms' real estate and competitive strategies.

  7. Debt capacity of real estate collateral

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giambona, E.; Golec, J.; Schwienbacher, A.

    2014-01-01

    We study whether real estate assets have a greater positive influence on firm leverage than other tangible assets. Using a large sample of COMPUSTAT firms, we find a significant positive relation between tangibility and leverage in general, and the relation is strongest for real estate collateral.

  8. Obtaining Your License: Careers in Real Estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    Two steps are required to obtain a real estate salesperson's license in Texas: (1) selecting a broker to serve as an advisor, and (2) meeting personal requirements (at least 18 years old, a Texas resident, completion of a minimum of 12 semester hours of real estate and related courses, application, acceptable score on state exam, and payment of…

  9. 5 CFR 1651.8 - Participant's estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Participant's estate. 1651.8 Section 1651.8 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD DEATH BENEFITS § 1651.8.... If state law provides procedures for handling small estates, the Board will accept the person...

  10. Commercial real estate analysis and investments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geltner, D.; Miller, N.; Clayton, J.; Eichholtz, P.M.A.

    2013-01-01

    The well-known and respected authorship team of Geltner and Miller bring you a new edition of what has become the undisputed and authoritative resource on commercial real estate investment. Streamlined and completely updated with expanded coverage of corporate and international real estate

  11. 27 CFR 4.26 - Estate bottled.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... process (the wine at no time having left the premises of the bottling winery). (b) Special rule for... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF WINE Standards of Identity for Wine § 4.26 Estate bottled. (a) Conditions for use. The term Estate bottled may be used by a bottling winery on a wine label...

  12. La seguridad estatal en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer CALDERÓN

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El autor aborda el tema de la seguridad estatal en Colombia y las Políticas Públicas de Seguridad Interna del Estado. Señala y analiza los dispositivos estatales de seguridad: Las Fuerzas Armadas, la Doctrina de la Seguridad Nacional, las Normas Legales de excepción al Estado de Derecho y el Paramilitarismo. Establece, siguiendo a Stepan, la existencia de rasgos de relativa autonomía militar junto a otros aspectos de subordinación y concluye que la pretendida disfuncionalidad del aparato militar no explica sus acciones encubiertas. La Doctrina de Seguridad Nacional constituye la base de argumentación legal de las políticas de seguridad de estatal. Pasa revista a los distintos dispositivos normativos de seguridad interna y señala que el paramilitarismo responde a la actuación de una estructura militar de acción ilegal del EstadoABSTRACT: The author deals with the topic o National Security and public policies of intern security of the State in Colombian case. He points out and analyses the security mechanisms of the State such as Armed Forces, National Security Doctrine, the legal roles of emergency of the State and Paramilitarism. On the other hand, the author establishes, following Stepan, the existence of features of relative militar authority along with other aspects of subordination. He concludes that the pretending dysfunction of the militar machine does not explain the hilen actions. The National Security Doctrine constitutes the base of the legal line of argument of the National Security policies. Also, the author revises the different legal devises of the intern security and points out that paramilitarism is the result of the action of a militar structure of illegal actions.

  13. Medical real estate in an age of reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammond, Laca Wong; Camp, Philip J

    2011-04-01

    The following are four ways healthcare organizations are fulfilling their medical real estate needs in an era of change: Real estate monetization. Renovation of existing facilities. A careful focus on containing materials costs. Joint ventures with real estate organizations.

  14. Real Estate Profitability in three European cities : A quantitative study of risk adjusted returns from real estate investments

    OpenAIRE

    Hagängen, Johan; Najafzadeh, Yashar

    2005-01-01

    This is a study of the profitability of three European real estate markets. The returns from real estate investments in Stockholm, London and Paris are compared on a risk-adjusted basis. The study takes the perspective of a corporate real estate investor, an investment bank, insurance company or other actor who whishes to invest in real estate. Real estate consists of land and any buildings or improvements located on the land. The real estate market has a few characteristics that differentiat...

  15. Systems engineering real estate development projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gusakova, Elena; Titarenko, Boris; Stepanov, Vitaliy

    2017-10-01

    In recent years, real estate development has accumulated a wealth of experience in implementing major projects, which requires comprehension and systematization. The scientific instrument of system engineering is studied in the article and is substantively interpreted with reference to real estate development projects. The most perspective approaches and models are substantiated, allowing strategically to plan the life cycle of the project as a whole, and also to solve the engineering butt problems of the project. The relevance of further scientific studies of regularities and specifics of the life cycle of real estate development projects conducted at the Moscow State University of Economics and Management at the ISTA department is shown.

  16. Internet Geography and Real Estate Market

    OpenAIRE

    Komosný, Dan; Bulín, Martin; Ilgner, Petr

    2017-01-01

    This paper introduces a new spatial data resource for Internet geography. The idea is based on merging two up-to-now unrelated fields - the real estate market and Internet networking. The huge real estate market is present almost everywhere and, therefore, it is a valuable resource for trusted spatial data when connected to cyber space. We describe a method that gains spatial data from the real estate market and links this data to cyber space. We support the method by a real implementation. B...

  17. Accounting costs of transactions in real estate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stubkjær, Erik

    2005-01-01

    in relating theoretical conceptualizations of transaction costs to national accounting and further to the identification and quantification of actions on units of real estate. The notion of satellite accounting of the System of National Accounts is applied to the segment of society concerned with changes......The costs of transactions in real estate is of importance for households, for investors, for statistical services, for governmental and international bodies concerned with the efficient delivery of basic state functions, as well as for research. The paper takes a multi-disciplinary approach...... in real estate. The paper ends up with an estimate of the cost of a major real property transaction in Denmark....

  18. Estate Planning: The Role of Trust Funds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neidermeyer, Ellen; Neidermeyer, Adolph

    1985-01-01

    The authors present estate planning suggestions that address concerns about lifetime care for the disabled children of aging parents. Aspects covered include disinheriting children, trust funds, and medical and legal assistance and food stamps. (CL)

  19. Using Genetic Algorithms for Real Estate Appraisals

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vincenzo Del Giudice; Pierfrancesco De Paola; Fabiana Forte

    2017-01-01

    .... Also, to verify the reliability of genetic algorithms for real estate appraisals and, at the same time, to show the forecasting potentialities of these techniques in the analysis of housing markets...

  20. Formation of real estate research theoretical basis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarchenko Vladimir Ivanovich

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The real estate sphere is capital intensive and more or less slowly renewable. It needs an efficient management, which requires constructive use of objective development laws, and this was repeatedly proved in practice. The development laws should be taken into account both while constructing the system of management and while providing its functioning. The article is focused on levels of real estate research which give the opportunity to theoretically summarize and identify methodological requirements, define target determinants, create models and technological integration, and also to approbate in practice the results of the research and verify or rebut the hypothesis. The different levels of abstraction in scientific researches, especially in such a large-scale sphere as real estate, allow implementing the deductive enlargement required for this sphere without loss of identity of regularities and notions. The systemic result of the authorial approach will be in the formation of methodological base containing the complete spectrum of instruments of real estate management.

  1. 12 CFR 34.83 - Disposition of real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disposition of real estate. 34.83 Section 34.83 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Other Real Estate Owned § 34.83 Disposition of real estate. (a) Disposition. A national bank may...

  2. 12 CFR 541.15 - Improved nonresidential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Improved nonresidential real estate. 541.15... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.15 Improved nonresidential real estate. The term improved nonresidential real estate means nonresidential real estate: (a) Containing a permanent structure...

  3. 32 CFR 644.30 - Preliminary real estate work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Preliminary real estate work. 644.30 Section 644... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.30 Preliminary real estate work. (a) Preliminary real estate work is defined as that action taken...

  4. 7 CFR 764.104 - General real estate security requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General real estate security requirements. 764.104....104 General real estate security requirements. (a) Agency lien position requirements. If real estate... Agency; and (4) Equity in the collateral exists. (b) Real estate held under a purchase contract. If the...

  5. 7 CFR 767.101 - Leasing real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leasing real estate inventory property. 767.101..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Lease of Real Estate Inventory Property § 767.101 Leasing real estate inventory property. (a) The Agency may lease real estate inventory...

  6. 33 CFR 211.2 - Authority to acquire real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authority to acquire real estate..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate; General § 211.2 Authority to acquire real estate. (a) Congressional authority...

  7. 33 CFR 211.22 - Real estate Claims Officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Real estate Claims Officers. 211..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Real Estate Claims § 211.22 Real estate Claims Officers. In each Division Office the Division...

  8. 12 CFR 34.62 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 34.62 Section 34.62 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards § 34.62 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each national bank shall...

  9. 12 CFR 541.16 - Improved residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Improved residential real estate. 541.16... REGULATIONS AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.16 Improved residential real estate. The term improved residential real estate means residential real estate containing offsite or other improvements...

  10. 12 CFR 560.101 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 560.101 Section... INVESTMENT Lending and Investment Provisions Applicable to all Savings Associations § 560.101 Real estate... estate, or that are made for the purpose of financing permanent improvements to real estate. (b)(1) Real...

  11. 12 CFR 365.2 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 365.2 Section... POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS § 365.2 Real estate lending standards. (a) Each insured state... extensions of credit that are secured by liens on or interests in real estate, or that are made for the...

  12. 12 CFR 541.27 - Unimproved real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unimproved real estate. 541.27 Section 541.27... AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.27 Unimproved real estate. The term unimproved real estate means real estate that will be improved, as defined in § 541.15 or § 541.16 of this part. ...

  13. 12 CFR 541.23 - Residential real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Residential real estate. 541.23 Section 541.23... AFFECTING FEDERAL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 541.23 Residential real estate. The terms residential real estate... home used in part for business); (c) Other real estate used for primarily residential purposes other...

  14. 7 CFR 795.9 - Estate or trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Estate or trust. 795.9 Section 795.9 Agriculture... PROVISIONS COMMON TO MORE THAN ONE PROGRAM PAYMENT LIMITATION General § 795.9 Estate or trust. (a) An estate or irrevocable trust shall be considered as one person except that, where two or more estates or...

  15. TRERC-TEA [Texas Real Estate Research Center-Texas Education Agency] Real Estate Curriculum Workshop Committee Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    The document contains a summary report of a community college real estate teachers' workshop organized to develop course outlines for the various areas in the real estate curriculum. Curriculum outlines are presented, with varying degrees of detail included, for the following eight subjects: real estate appraisal; real estate brokage; real estate…

  16. Indirect investment in real estate: Listed companies and funds

    OpenAIRE

    Suarez, Jose L.; Vassalo, Amparo

    2005-01-01

    In Europe today, there are two main vehicles for indirect investment in real estate; real estate investment funds, on the one hand, and, on the other, listed real estate companies. With these instruments, not only does the investor take a position in the real estate market, he/she also acquires different risk/return structures which may vary according to the instrument being used. In some European countries, real estate companies have modified their financial structure and tax position by ado...

  17. Examination of Estate Marketing Practices in Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Oyewale Oyedeji

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Estate marketing is an aspect of the profession of Estate Surveying and Valuation in Nigeria. Previous studies on estate marketing identified that there are challenges affecting estate marketing and the resultant effect on these challenges affects the credibility of the profession of Estate Surveying and Valuation in Nigeria. This necessitates the need to examine the practice of estate marketing in Nigeria. This study examined estate marketing practice among estate surveyors and valuers in Ikeja, Lagos Nigeria. The sample size for the study is the 64 registered Estate Surveying and Valuation firms in the study area. Data gathered were analyzed using descriptive statistics and 5-point likert ordinal scale. Findings from the study revealed that the use of brochure or bulletin is the most common estate marketing method in the study area. Also, it was revealed from the study that the use of press is the most cost effective method of estate marketing in the study area. The study identified the various challenges of estate marketing. However, collection of double professional fees is the most prevalent challenge of estate marketing in the study area. Finally, aggressive marketing which leads to unethical practices is the most prevalent mitigating measures adopted by Estate Surveyors and Valuers in the study area. Recommendations were made on how to review the ethical regulations guiding the practice of Estate Surveying and Valuation which will consequently improve marketing in the study area.

  18. A model of real estate and psychological factors in decision-making to buy real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Grum

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the psychological characteristics of potential real estate buyers connected with their decision to buy. Through a review of research, it reveals that most studies of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate have a partial and dispersed orientation, and examine individual factors independently. It appears that the research area is lacking clearly defined models of psychological factors in the decision to buy real estate that would integrally and relationally explain the role of psychological characteristics of real estate buyers and their expectations in relation to a decision to buy. The article identifies two sets of psychological factors, motivational and emotional, determines their interaction with potential buyers’ expectations when deciding to purchase real estate and offers starting points for forming a model.

  19. Estate as risk developer: the Ecuadorian case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Cajas

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The present article pursues to analyze the different levels of responsibility of the various social actors and especially the Ecuadorian Estate, as one of them, in the process of generating vulnerabilities in Ecuador. Additionally, and derived from this analysis this article proposes some fundamental elements for the implementation of an appropriate risk management from the Ecuadorian Estate. As far as we know these elements are: citizen participation, government ́s role as a public founds administrator, actual legal regulations, transversal impact of a disaster and due to it, the necessity to implement risk management considerations as transversal variables; the structure of the Estate from an institutional approach and information as a key social driver.

  20. Governance structures for real estate transactions: Markets ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article examines the relative prevalence of markets, hierarchies and networks in the governance of real-estate transactions under three property rights regimes in Windhoek's low-income settlements. These governance structures are related to respective property rights regimes and to conjectures made about the ...

  1. Real Estate Curriculum for Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Robert W.

    The Oregon Department of Education has prepared this curriculum guide to assist community college personnel in developing or upgrading real estate programs. This fast-growing field has demanded that community colleges analyze the course content of such programs so that they are relevant to the actual needs of the industry. An Advisory Committee…

  2. Directing sustainable investments in commercial real estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Entrop, Alexis Gerardus; Brouwers, Jos; Braganca, L.; Pinheiro, M.; Jalali, S.; Mateus, R.; Amoeda, R.; Correia Guedes, M.

    2007-01-01

    This paper focuses on the facility costs, energy use and water consumption of commercial real estate. A framework consisting of four components is established in which the performances on these three aspects are analysed. By using the first, second and third part of the framework suggestions for

  3. Introduction to the Special Issue of International Real Estate Review

    OpenAIRE

    James D. Shilling

    2015-01-01

    The four articles presented in this special issue of the International Real Estate Review were prepared for and presented at an international real estate symposium organized by DePaul University, which took place on 3-4 July 2012 at the Grand Hyatt Hotel, Macao SAR China. Each paper subsequently went through the typical review process of the International Real Estate Review. The four papers cover a wide range of topics, from the role of public markets in international real estate diversificat...

  4. THE CONCEPT AND ESSENCE, THE STRUCTURE OF REAL ESTATE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar V. Hovsepyan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available With the help of the international research literature, and the legislative framework of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Armenia in the article reveals the basic concepts and the essence of the real estate market, as well as given the classification of real estate. Thoroughly explains the difference between the concepts of "real estate" and "real property". In the article considered the main elements which includes the structure of the real estate market.

  5. Real Estate Market Developments and Financal Sector Soundness

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Louis Ceriel Hilbers; Lisbeth S Zacho; Qin Lei

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyses the characteristics and functioning of real estate markets. It focuses on the relationship between developments in these markets and the financial sector to determine under what circumstances real estate booms and busts can develop and how they can affect the health and stability of the financial system. It concludes that unbalanced real estate price developments often contribute to financial sector distress and that trends in real estate markets should be monitored closel...

  6. Sector and regional factors in real estate returns

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Stephen

    1998-01-01

    This paper presents a simple method to measure the effect of sector and regional factors in real estate returns, and thus provides a quantitative framework for analysing the relative impact of these two diversification categories to real estate portfolio selection. Using data on Retail, Office and Industrial properties spread across 326 real estate locations in the UK, over the period 1981 to 1995, the results show that the performance of real estate is largely sector-driven. A result in line...

  7. The Benefits and Importance of Commercial Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Shaukat, Mughees

    2010-01-01

    The economic climate of late has battered investment classes across the board, including commercial real estate. Aside from the usual arguments about including real estate in a well-diversified portfolio, there are compelling reasons to invest in commercial real estate in the current environment. Though the risks are real, income and return characteristics of commercial real estate investment provide a buffer through annuitized cash flow, and savvy investors who “dollar cost average” into the...

  8. Research of real estate price bubbles in lithuania

    OpenAIRE

    Vaitiekutė, Indrė

    2013-01-01

    Real estate market problems of the world have paid special attention, since history knows many examples of sad that left a deep trace in some economies. Over the last several years, and Lithuanian real estate market has attracted considerable attention. On the possible overheating of the market started to talk back as 2004, but last year's Lithuanian real estate market pace surpassed many experts and analysts' expectations. Real estate prices in Lithuania were similar during and throughout th...

  9. Dutch direct real estate investments in private portfolios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berkhout, T.M.; Geer, van der G.

    2005-01-01

    Direct real estate plays an important role in our daily lives. The place of direct real estate in the portfolio of a private investor is often limited however. The paper attempts to answer the question of how large the allocation to direct real estate should be to attain an optimal risk/return

  10. 24 CFR 266.400 - Property requirements-real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Property requirements-real estate... Mortgage and Closing Requirements; HUD Endorsement § 266.400 Property requirements—real estate. The mortgage must be on real estate held: (a) In fee simple; (b) Under a renewable lease of not less than 99...

  11. 76 FR 78977 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-20

    ... December 20, 2011 Part II Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection 12 CFR Part 1024 Real Estate Settlement... RIN 3170-AA06 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X) AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer... Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD's) rulemaking authority for the Real Estate Settlement...

  12. 7 CFR 1955.130 - Real estate brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Real estate brokers. 1955.130 Section 1955.130... Dispose of Inventory Property § 1955.130 Real estate brokers. Contracting authority for the use of real... provide for any licensed real estate broker to provide sales services for any property listed under the...

  13. 12 CFR 208.51 - Real estate lending standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards. 208.51 Section... MEMBERSHIP OF STATE BANKING INSTITUTIONS IN THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (REGULATION H) Real Estate Lending and Appraisal Standards § 208.51 Real estate lending standards. (a) Adoption of written policies. Each state...

  14. 7 CFR 1940.406 - Real estate settlement procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Real estate settlement procedures. 1940.406 Section... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Truth in Lending-Real Estate Settlement Procedures § 1940.406 Real estate settlement procedures. (a) General. This section provides the instructions...

  15. 24 CFR 100.50 - Real estate practices prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate practices prohibited....50 Real estate practices prohibited. (a) This subpart provides the Department's interpretation of... in, any multiple-listing service, real estate brokers' association, or other service organization or...

  16. Integrating Sustainability into the Real Estate Valuation Process: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper sought the perception of Nigerian real estate valuers on sustainable development and how sustainability can be integrated into the real estate valuation process in Nigeria. One hundred and sixty Estate Surveyors and Valuers were asked, among others, to rate the significance of a range of sustainability features ...

  17. Knowingly taking risk : Investment decision making in real estate development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gehner, E.

    2008-01-01

    Knowingly taking risk is essential to the success of the real estate development business. Investing in real estate development projects, which are characterised by complexity and uncertainty, implies that high risks are taken. Interestingly, little is known about how real estate development

  18. The Boom and Gloom of Real Estate Markets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Brounen (Dirk)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractReal estate markets around the world have earned a complicated reputation. On the one hand, real estate markets offer investors a wide spectrum of profitable investments opportunities, investments that nowadays can be executed by simply buying shares of stock listed by real estate

  19. Real estate space-territorial development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarchenko Vladimir Ivanovich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Urbanization is one of the main sustainable tendencies of modern development. The contemporary state of real estate structure is characterized by high level of heterogeneity. In general, the consolidated design document of Moscow urban development, reconstruction and other forms of developing city territories doesn’t take into account the main tendencies of social and economic development, change of scales and structure of city production capacities, priorities of national economy development, or demand particularities, traditional and perspective preferences of citizens of different categories. The article focuses on systematization of basics of real estate space-territorial development strategic analysis. The author analyses the essence of analytical methods, their purpose, levels and analysis projections. The article emphasizes the estimation of economic effectiveness and revelation of urban environment development reserves.

  20. P K Das

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P K Das. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 63 Issue 6 December 2004 pp 1359-1365. Working group report: Low energy and flavour physics · Amol Dighe Anirban Kundu K Agashe B Anantanarayan A Chandra A Datta P K Das S P Das A Dighe R Forty D K Ghosh Y -Y Keum A Kundu N Mahajan S ...

  1. Physician alignment strategies and real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czerniak, Thomas A

    2012-06-01

    When addressing locations of facilities after acquiring physician practices, hospitals should: Acknowledge the hospital's ambulatory plan is the driver rather than real estate assumed with the physician practices, Review the hospital ambulatory service plan for each submarket, Review the location of facilities within the service area and their proximity to one another, Sublease or sell existing facilities that are not appropriate, Ensure that the size and characteristics of each facility in the market are appropriate and consistent with the hospital's image.

  2. The role accountants play in estate planning

    OpenAIRE

    Ştefan Zuca

    2006-01-01

    People commonly make plans for the orderly transfer of their property upon their death to relatives other persons, organizations, or trusts to be set up for the benefit of relatives. Such forethought is known as estate planning and is accomplished under the guidance of attorneys, often working closely with accountants. The attorney's role centers around preparing wills and, in many cases, trust agreements. The accountant's role consists of suggesting planning techniques consistent with the ob...

  3. Inca Royal Estates in the Sacred Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKim Malville, J.

    The royal estates lying between Cusco and Machu Picchu illustrate the remarkable variety by which the sun was honored and worshipped in the Inca Empire. The terraced basins of Moray combine the sun at both solstices and, perhaps, the zenith sun, with flowing water and offerings to Pachamama. The complex astronomy at Urubamba involves the palace of Quespiwanka, horizon pillars, solstices, and mountain worship. Ollantaytambo contains horizontal shadow-casting gnomons with a major water shrine.

  4. Comovement in UK real estate sector returns

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Stephen

    1998-01-01

    Engle et al. (1990) distinguish between 'heat waves' and 'meteor showers' in an analogy which tries to differentiate between particular effects, not transmitted among markets, and general effects, which tend to affect all the markets, although different markets can be affected to different degrees. This paper applies this approach to the study of the monthly returns of four real estate market sectors: Office, Retail, Industrial and Retail Warehouses in the UK over the period 1979:2 to 1997:12...

  5. Bloomsday: Copyright Estates and Cultural Festivals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Rimmer

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Copyright estates have been unduly empowered by the extension of the term of copyright protection in Europe, the United States, Australia and elsewhere. The Estate of the Irish novelist, James Joyce, has been particularly aggressive in policing his revived copyrights. The "keepers of the flame" have relied upon threats of legal action to discourage the production of derivative works based upon the canonical texts of the novelist. The Estate has also jealously guarded the reputation of the author by vetoing the use of his work in various scholarly productions. Most radically of all, the grandson Stephen Joyce threatened to take legal action to prevent the staging of "Rejoyce Dublin 2004", a festival celebrating the centenary of Bloomsday. In response, the Irish Parliament rushed through emergency legislation, entitled the Copyright and Related Rights (Amendment Act 2004 (Ireland to safeguard the celebrations. The legislation clarified that a person could place literary and artistic works on public exhibition, without breaching the copyright vested in such cultural texts. Arguably, though, the ad hoc legislation passed by the Irish Parliament is inadequate. The Estate of James Joyce remains free to exercise its suite of economic and moral rights to control the use and adaptation of works of the Irish novelist. It is contended that copyright law needs to be revised to promote the interests of libraries and other cultural institutions. Most notably, the defence of fair dealing should be expanded to allow for the transformative use of copyright works, particularly in respect of adaptations and derived works. There should be greater scope for compulsory licensing and crown acquisition of revived copyrights.

  6. MASS APPRAISAL AND REAL ESTATE TAXATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VORONIN V. О.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Raising of problem. The government at the legislative level fixed the definition of market value for tax purposes as mandatory in the implementation of real estate transactions. In order to meet the requirements of objectivity, uniformity and consistency of the results obtained during the evaluation procedures, as well as minimize the influence of subjective factors, there is a need to develop a methodology for evaluating an automated procedure for determining the estimated value of the property based on its market value. To solve this problem, we use special techniques and methods of mass appraisal that incorporates computer-supported statistical analyses, such as multiple regression analysis and adaptive estimation procedure for use in the field of property valuation and property rights. Purpose. Realization of this goal involves the development of the concept of a computer-assisted mass appraisal. The basis of this concept is an adaptive hybrid models of market pricing in different market segments that incorporates software adaptive algorithms for determining the market value by the three evaluation approaches using the results of a multi-level real estate market analysis. It was proposed the utility automated valuation models which is intended for the implementation of a computerized real estate valuation based on the developed software adaptive algorithms. Con-clusion. To achieve this goal have been developed and used concepts underlying of computerized mass appraisal. The basis of this concept is adaptive hybrid pricing models in various segments of the real estate market of Ukraine. The problem is solved by the application of the developed software-based adaptive algorithms for determining the market value of three evaluation approaches using the results of a multi-level analysis of the real estate market. It was pro-posed the model of automated appraisal, according to it was implemented computerization of appraisal procedures on the

  7. Legislative Exclusions or Exemptions of Property from the Insolvent Estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RG Evans

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The general policy in South African insolvency law is that assets must be recovered and included in the insolvent estate, and that this action must be to the advantage of the creditors of the insolvent estate. But there are several exceptions to this rule and an asset that is the subject of such an exception may be excluded from the insolvent estate. The Insolvency Act, however, does not expressly distinguish between excluded and exempt assets, thereby resulting in problem areas in the field of exemption law in insolvency in South Africa. It may be argued that the fundamental difference between excluded and exempt assets is that excluded assets should never form part of an insolvent estate and should be beyond the reach of the creditors of the insolvent estate, while exempt assets initially form part of the insolvent estate, but in certain circumstances may be exempted from the estate for the benefit of the insolvent debtor, thereby allowing the debtor to use such excluded or exempt assets to start afresh before or after rehabilitation. Modern society, sociopolitical developments and human rights requirements have necessitated a broadening of the classes of assets that should be excluded or exempted from insolvent estates. This article considers assets excluded from the insolvent estates of individual debtors by legislation other than the Insolvency Act. It must, however, be understood that these legislative provisions relate to insolvent estates and thus generally overlap in one way or another with some provisions of the Insolvency Act.

  8. O alcoolismo em Pernambuco: Estudo estatístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walderedo Ismael de Oliveira

    1945-03-01

    Full Text Available O autor procedeu ao levantamento estatístico de tôdas as admissões no Hospital de Alienados de Recife (Estado de Pernambuco, no período que vai de 1916 a 1930, chegando à conclusão que a percentagem de alcoolistas, em relação ao total das entradas, é de 12,4%. As percentagens mais baixas correspondem aos anos de 1925 (6,91% e 1920 (8,15%. O maior contingente de alcoolistas entrou nos anos de 1922 (22,67% e 1923 (17,72%. Em seguida fêz um estudo comparativo entre os dados verificados no Estado de Pernambuco e a incidência de psicoses alcoólicas em outros países. As estatísticas do período 1931-1935 permitiram chegar a conclusões mais minuciosas e elucidativas. No que diz respeito ao sexo, o autor assinala uma elevada proporção de alcoolistas do sexo feminino, em contraste com o habitualmente observado nos outros países. A incidência de alcoolistas, em relação à idade, é mais elevada entre os 31-35 anos para os homens e 26-30 anos para as mulheres. A maioria dos alcoolistas é recrutada entre os elementos nacionais. A maior contribuição de enfermos, no que toca à raça, é fornecida pelo elemento negro. É a comprovação de fenômeno já assinalado também nos Estados Unidos, onde é grande o predomínio dos alcoolistas de raça negra. Entre os casados há mais alcoolistas que entre solteiros e viúvos. A grande maioria dos enfermos provém dos homens de profissões humildes: operários, agricultores, comerciários, etc. A capital contribui com 46,6% do total das internações, fato curioso e digno de nota, porque tal percentagem provém de uma população 6 vezes menor que a do resto do Estado. O autor aventa algumas hipóteses explicativas de tal diferença, salietando as facilidades de hospitalização no centro urbano, as condições do homem da cidade e a situação alimentar do operário no Recife. É carregada a ascendência psicopática dos alcoolistas. No que diz respeito à maneira de como é usado o t

  9. Evolution of Greenery in Housing Estates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kłopotowski, Maciej

    2017-10-01

    One of the basic values of multi-family housing estates which were built in the second half of the 20th century was their green areas. It was assumed that open spaces would serve both recreational and health purposes (related to air ventilation or air purification). In Poland, as in other socialist countries, these areas were parameterized and their size was defined in the relevant legislative documents. The principles of location of these sites in the structure of the estate as well as their equipment have changed during the period taken under consideration. Comparative analysis of specific realizations allows for their characterization and evaluation and reference to contemporary views. In the 1940s and 1950s, these areas were designed in the form of small squares and green areas located in the neighbourhood of the streets. In the sixties and seventies there were small residential parks (usually less than 1 ha). In the 1980s, extensive green areas were being developed which, for economic reasons, remained untouched in a functional way. Another decade (1990s) is associated with political and economic changes in Poland. In the case of estate greenery, it resulted in a complete deviation from its implementation. However, green was introduced on the roofs of buildings (including underground garages). Nowadays, the return to the design of large areas of greenery connected with housing development is being re-established. Their main function is recreational and leisure. One of the new tasks assigned to them is the task of gathering precipitation water. As a result of the analyses conducted, the author indicates which of the historical realizations (chosen periods) best meet modern needs and which can be adapted.

  10. The Performance and Diversification Benefits of European Non-listed Real Estate Funds

    OpenAIRE

    Graeme Newell

    2015-01-01

    Non-listed real estate funds are an important real estate investment product in the European real estate landscape. These non-listed real estate funds provide investors (eg: pension funds, sovereign wealth funds) with exposure to high quality real estate portfolios in the European region. Using the INREV non-listed real estate fund index, the risk-adjusted performance and diversification benefits of European non-listed real estate over 2010-2014 is assessed. This is further assessed for Europ...

  11. The European systems of real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agostina Lodde

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows an overview of the land registration systems in Europe. The comparative analysis starts from the distinction between the legal systems of the property transmission within the two large families of "Civil Law" and "Common Law". On these basis, in fact, the legal institutions and national organizations, that supervise the real estate registration, are built. Therefore the various systems of "Land Registration" were examined with reference to the main typical factors, such as the organization of the Register, the contents of the recording, its substantial effects, the protection of good faith and the effects to third parties.

  12. FINANCIAMIENTO ESTATAL PARA LOS PROCESOS ELECTORALES MUNICIPALES

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Robles Leal

    2012-01-01

    A partir de un breve repaso de las últimas reformas jurídicas al régimen electoral, tanto del Código Municipal como del Código Electoral, el artículo describe el nuevo sistema de financiamiento estatal que se ha dispuesto para apoyar económicamente a los partidos políticos que participan en los procesos electorales municipales y que, antes de la entrada en vigencia del nuevo Código Electoral, no existía. Haciendo énfasis en las características legales de ese nuevo sistema de finan...

  13. Monitoramento do processo de compressão de ibuprofeno utilizando controle estatístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Elis Bianchi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O Controle Estatístico de Processo (CEP é uma ferramenta bastante utilizada para auxiliar no controle da qualidade de parâmetros físicos como peso médio, dureza e friabilidade. Através das cartas de controle é possível detectar desvios dos parâmetros do processo, reduzindo a quantidade de produtos fora da especificação e, consequentemente, os custos da produção. A avaliação de trinta lotes de ibuprofeno em uma indústria farmacêutica, utilizando controle estatístico de processo, permitiu o fornecimento de informações imprescindíveis para a investigação detalhada dos pontos críticos do processo, diagnosticando as possíveis não conformidades na etapa de compressão deste fármaco. Desta maneira, podem-se propor atividades de melhoria, através da identificação e eliminação das causas especiais de variação no processo, com a finalidade de produzir comprimidos com qualidade.

  14. O uso do saber estatístico nos discursos acadêmicos da alfabetização

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Sperrhake

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto analisa como os discursos da alfabetização, do analfabetismo e do alfabetismo/letramento utilizam o saber estatístico. Para tanto, realizou-se uma busca em acervos digitais de revistas especializadas em Educação e Estatística e no Portal de Teses da CAPES. A partir do corpus selecionado, é possível perceber as seguintes formas de utilização: 1 estatísticas utilizadas como material empírico; 2 estatísticas utilizadas como procedimento metodológico; 3 referência ao saber estatístico. Além de mostrar como o saber estatístico é utilizado, a análise das produções acadêmicas nos fez perceber outros dois pontos: o aparecimento de níveis de alfabetismo/letramento; e uma mudança quanto à forma de entender a relação do sujeito com a leitura e a escrita.Abstract The present paper analyzes how discourses of literacy, illiteracy and alphabetic literacy have used statistical knowledge. We carried out a search into digital files of journals specialized in Education and Statistics, as well as into CAPES Thesis Database. From the selected corpus, it is possible to perceive the following kinds of uses: 1 statistics used as empirical material; 2 statistics used as methodological procedure; 3 reference to statistical knowledge. Besides evidencing how the statistical knowledge has been used, the analysis of academic productions has enabled us to perceive other two points: the appearance of levels of alphabetic literacy, and the change in the understanding of the relationship of the subject with reading and writing.

  15. THE ETHICS IN THE BUSINESS OF ROMANIAN REAL ESTATE AGENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Basarab Gogoneata

    2008-01-01

    The paper presents an analysis of the main ethical aspects concerning the Romanian real estate intermediation sector. The analysis tries to evaluate the true utility of real estate agents’ services and to assess the potential negative effects of an unethical behavior for the clients. In Romanian real estate market, there are at least three issues that endanger the business ethics of intermediaries. First, as the prices increase very fast, the transactions involve larger and larger amounts of ...

  16. Corporate Real Estate Management: The New Zealand Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Wei Kium Teoh

    1993-01-01

    This study represents the first to be performed on corporate real estate asset management in New Zealand. A nationwide survey of all non-real estate companies listed in the New Zealand Stock Exchange, and a case study of a New Zealand corporation were undertaken. An interdisciplinary model of corporate real estate asset management is developed based on the findings of both the survey and the case study. The study results indicate that having a positive corporate perception on corporate real e...

  17. Crowdfunding applied to Real Estate – Risks and Opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Sylvan, Ida; Huuva, Renée

    2016-01-01

    Due to the low interest rates and uncertainty in the economic outlook investors seek alternative investments to achieve a satisficing return. Real estate is the third largest asset class and represent a large amount of physical capital with a unique risk. For an investor's utility-maximizing real estate should be a natural part of a portfolio. The thresholds for investing in real estate has generally been very high but thanks to digitisation, the emergence of Internet-based platforms facilita...

  18. Puspendu Kumar Das

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 6 Issue 12 December 2001 pp 44-50 General Article. 'Holy Grails' of Chemistry - The Transition State in a Chemical Reaction · Puspendu Kumar Das · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 7 Issue 7 July 2002 pp 76-79 Classroom. Autocatalysis – A Misomer? Puspendu Kumar Das E Arunan.

  19. De objeto a método: notas históricas sobre estatística e pesquisa social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ignacio Piovani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o complexo processo histórico, social e cultural que acompanhou as mudanças de sentido do termo “estatística” (de objeto a método: desde o estudo comparativo dos Estados, no século XVIII, a descrição quantitativa da sociedade, no século XIX, ate sua concepção como conjunto de instrumentos conceituais e operacionais para a analise quantitativa de dados a partir do século XX. Neste marco se reconstroem três tradições intelectuais cujas origens remontam a meados do século XVII – a aritmética politica inglesa, a estatística universitária alemã e a teoria matemática das probabilidades francesa – com a finalidade de esclarecer as raízes profundas da teoria estatística moderna no pensamento cientifico europeu e por em evidencia como o entrelaçamento dessas tradições, ao longo do tempo, foi redefinindo o sentido da estatística e sua relação com a pesquisa social empírica.

  20. Alguns métodos estatísticos voltados às Unidades de Informação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adilson Luiz Pinto

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo visa mostrar algumas técnicas estatísticas aplicadas na gestão informacional nas unidades de informação através da utilização de métodos de mensuração e métricas quantitativas atreladas a estudos relacionados à bibliometria, cienciometria, econometria entre outros. Os estudos envolvendo estatística podem ser descritivos, para construção de indicadores, inferencial através de modelos teóricos ou empíricos. As técnicas estatísticas permitem que de base de dados sejam extraídas informações relevantes à tomada de decisão.  Assim, será brevemente explanando sobre probabilidade, distribuição de frequência, séries estatísticas, covariância e correlação, regressão linear e números índices.

  1. FINANCIAMIENTO ESTATAL PARA LOS PROCESOS ELECTORALES MUNICIPALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Robles Leal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de un breve repaso de las últimas reformas jurídicas al régimen electoral, tanto del Código Municipal como del Código Electoral, el artículo describe el nuevo sistema de financiamiento estatal que se ha dispuesto para apoyar económicamente a los partidos políticos que participan en los procesos electorales municipales y que, antes de la entrada en vigencia del nuevo Código Electoral, no existía. Haciendo énfasis en las características legales de ese nuevo sistema de financiamiento, a partir de las diferencias con el sistema de financiamiento estatal para los partidos políticos que participan en los procesos electorales nacionales, refiere la jurisprudencia del TSE en la materia, destacando que la primera resolución del Tribunal, que ordenó girar recursos del Estado, fue precisamente para un partido político inscrito en el nivel cantonal. Finalmente, partiendo de la tesis de que la ausencia de financiamiento estatal para los procesos electorales municipales constituyó una barrera para la profundización democrática costarricense, por lo que su inclusión representa un avance en el fortalecimiento de los derechos políticos de la ciudadanía, los autores concluyen con algunas recomendaciones de carácter legislativo, con el fin de fortalecer este régimen de financiamiento, principalmente por la vía de su sistematización y equiparación con el financiamiento para procesos electorales nacionales, con la expectativa de robustecer las plataformas partidarias y profundizar, así, nuestra cultura democrática en el nivel local. Se anexa cuadro con la lista de los partidos políticos a los que ya se ordenó girar el financiamiento indicado, que desglosa los montos totales y porcentuales, así como los montos que no pudieron ser liquidados y que regresan al erario.

  2. Residential Real Estate Properties in Nigeria: How Fair are the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the price fixing mechanism for residential housing units in Nigeria, using Benin and Lagos housing markets as examples. The objective was to determine the fairness of the price fixing mechanism in the Nigerian real estate market. To achieve this objective, a total sample of 3,034 real estate market ...

  3. Household Solid Waste Disposal in Public Housing Estates in Awka ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper presents the results of a study on household solid waste disposal in the public housing estates in Awka, Anambra State. The study identified solid waste disposal methods from the households in AHOCOL, Udoka, Iyiagu and Real Housing Estates with an intention to make proposals for better solid waste disposal.

  4. UBIT and Investing in a Real Estate Fund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Marc P.

    2000-01-01

    Offers guidelines to college business officers concerning investments in real estate and the unrelated business income tax (UBIT), which requires tax-exempt organizations to pay federal and state taxes on income earned from a trade or business unrelated to their tax-exempt purpose. Considers real estate investment funds, exposure to UBIT, avoiding…

  5. The Transmission of Real Estate Shocks Through Multinational Banks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bertay, A.C.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This paper investigates the credit supply of banks in response to domestic and foreign real estate price changes. Using a large international dataset of multinational banks, we find evidence of a significant transmission of domestic real estate shocks into lending abroad. A 1% decrease in

  6. Real estate development for a chaning user market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soeter, J.P.; De Jong, P.; Van de Water, T.

    2011-01-01

    The recent collapse of the non-residential real estate development & construction market rises the question, what the future demand will be for real estate space and how these will influence future development activities. The aim of this research is to provide a framework for stock-flow analysis and

  7. Analysis of the Malaria situation in Hippo Valley Estates | Chirebvu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... not infected with sporozoites. The malaria control programme for Hippo Valley Estates appears to be effective in controlling malaria disease. However, some other factors could be contributing to the low malaria transmission pattern observed in the estates. The Zimbabwe Science News Volume 34(2) June 2000, pp. 34-37 ...

  8. Towards a real estate monitoring information system in Romania

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Vries, P.; Faber, R.

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the construction of real estate databases and the valuation of properties in Buzau, Romania. One of the criteria for candidate states for EU membership is an effective monitoring system for the land and real estate markets. The objective of this paper is twofold. First, the

  9. Risk-neutral valuation of real estate derivatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bragt, D.; Francke, M.; Kramer, B.; Pelsser, A.

    2009-01-01

    We propose a novel and intuitive risk-neutral valuation model for real estate derivatives. We first model the underlying efficient market price of real estate and then construct the observed index value with an adaptation of the price update rule by Blundell and Ward (1987). The resulting index

  10. Factors influencing academic performance of real estate students in Nigeria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ayodele, Timothy Oluwafemi; Oladokun, Timothy Tunde; Gbadegesin, J.T.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors affecting academic performance of real estate students in a developing country like Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach: Data for the study were collected with the aid of questionnaire served on 152 final year real estate students of

  11. Analysis of tannery effluents from the Challawa industrial estate in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Many tanneries are located at Challawa Industrial Estate in Kano. These tanneries discharge their effluents into canals which converge at a point and eventually flow into the Challawa river. Tannery effluent was collected from the effluent confluence point at Challawa Industrial Estate and some physicochemical parameters ...

  12. Multiyear Succession and Estate Planning for Farm and Ranch Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogge, Jon; Eborn, Ben; Packham, Joel; Findlay, Reed; Harrison, Steve

    2017-01-01

    Farm succession and estate planning pose difficult challenges for farmers. Idaho farmers generally do not have a business succession plan or an estate plan. Due to the complexities of farm management, University of Idaho Extension personnel partnered with the Idaho Barley Commission and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Risk Management Agency to…

  13. Social caretakers and preventing crime on public housing estates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesseling, R.B.P.

    1992-01-01

    The Dutch government stimulated the employment of social caretakers on public housing estates. Besides other measures, they should contribute to the prevention of crime and the improvement of the living conditions on these estates. The WODC has studied the effects of the introduction of social

  14. Advertising Model of Residential Real Estate Object in Lithuania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Mazaj

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Since the year 2000, during the period of economic growth, the real estate market has been rapidly expanding. During this period advertising of real estate objects was implemented using one set of similar channels (press advertising, Internet advertising, leaflets with contact information of real estate agents and others, however the start of the economic recession has intensified the competition in the market and forced companies to search for new advertising means or to diversify the advertising package. The article presents real estate property, as a product, one of the marketing components – including advertising, conclusions and suggestions based on conducted surveys and a model for advertising the residential real estate objects.Article in Lithuanian

  15. CCGs' role in the future of the estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baillie, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    With the backdrop of a 21st century healthcare landscape where a number of previous commissioning and provider organisations now no longer exist, and other new bodies have taken their place, 'The role of the Clinical Commissioning Group in determining the future of the NHS estate' was the title of a presentation by Helen Davis, a partner in the Healthcare Advisory team at Arcadis, on the second day of this year's Healthcare Estates conference. While acknowledging the part that CCGs could have in managing and running the estate, Helen Davis felt they not only needed to be better 'geared up' with estates-related knowledge and expertise to be able to make a valuable contribution, but that effective collaboration between all providers, commissioners, and users of the healthcare estate was vital to ensure optimal use of facilities in the future. HEJ editor, Jonathan Baillie, reports.

  16. A data base for the Italian residential real estate market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Donato Berloco

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available In the real estate appraisal, the principal problem consists in the availability of the prices and the rents bargained, on which to found the forecasts of the prices and the future rents and the appraisal of market value. For the valuation standards, the reference to the real estate market is fundamental in the process of appraisal: to make truthful appraisals doesn’t exist other way that the collection of the true prices whereas they are formed. The study proposes to census the sources of available real estate data and to develop an operational scheme for the punctual collection of the data and for the realization of a data bank with particular reference to one defined real estate reality. To purpose of the study, for a zone of the city was calculated on a  vacancy rate on a sample of urban estate placed in the Municipality of Prato.

  17. The Performance of Shariah Real Estate Investment Trust and Conventional Real Estate Investment Trust in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Nor Edi Azhar Binti Mohamad

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the performances of two Real Estate Investment Trust (REITs) structure in Malaysian capital market by comparing the Dividend Yield (DY), Distribution per Unit (DU), Net asset Value (NAV), and Earning per Unit (EU) of shariah REITSs (iREITs) and conventional REITSs (cREITs) from Malaysia perspective. The secondary data are retrieved from Bloomberg's Database for 13 listed REITs in the Bursa Malaysia main board for a five-year period from 2009 to 2013 with yearly observation...

  18. 75 FR 71724 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Solicitation of Information on Changes in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Solicitation of Information on Changes... currently operates within residential real estate mortgage transactions. HUD welcomes input from warehouse... operates within residential real estate mortgage transactions. HUD particularly seeks input from the...

  19. 78 FR 24227 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request: Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request: Real Estate Settlement... information: Title of Proposal: Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) Disclosures. OMB Control Number... 24 CFR part 3500, require real estate settlement service providers to give homebuyers certain...

  20. Building for a better hospital. Value-adding management & design of healthcare real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan van der Zwart

    2014-09-01

    ;
(D the primary process (4, and the design of the building (8. In the integrating framework, the steps at the level of the organisation are completed by the steps of the EFQM model. The strategic, financial, functional and physical perspectives on real estate (5 can be positioned parallel to the stakeholders’ objectives (1 that are described in the EFQM-INK model. In this way stakeholder management is part of the organisational management and is translated into real estate perspectives on CREM. The perspectives on real estate are translated into real estate added values (6 as the common language that in all phases of the real estate lifecycle can be assessed. This concept of adding value by real estate is connected to the key issues for success (2 that result from the demands and wishes of society, employees, customers and the organisation’s management at an organisational level. Both the key issues for success and the added values of real estate provide input into the change management process of the organisation (3 and its real estate (7. The organisation’s change management (3 is directed by leadership and is about policy & management of the resources, including human resources and real estate. In this part of the model, different resources for production have to be balanced against each other. This results in a process that has to be implemented in a physical environment. In this model, the Designing an Accommodation strategy (DAS-Frame is the basis for real estate change management (7. In an iterative process a match is made between demand and supply, now and in the future, resulting in a building which can support organisational primary processes. Paralleling the management of accommodation with organisational change thus leads logically to a step-by-step plan for the transformation of the accommodation. Both the processes and the building are compared with the stakeholder demands and related perspectives on real estate. In addition, a five-point scale

  1. Building for a better hospital. Value-adding management & design of healthcare real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan van der Zwart

    2014-09-01

    (D the primary process (4, and the design of the building (8.In the integrating framework, the steps at the level of the organisation are completed by the steps of the EFQM model. The strategic, financial, functional and physical perspectives on real estate (5 can be positioned parallel to the stakeholders’ objectives (1 that are described in the EFQM-INK model. In this way stakeholder management is part of the organisational management and is translated into real estate perspectives on CREM. The perspectives on real estate are translated into real estate added values (6 as the common language that in all phases of the real estate lifecycle can be assessed. This concept of adding value by real estate is connected to the key issues for success (2 that result from the demands and wishes of society, employees, customers and the organisation’s management at an organisational level. Both the key issues for success and the added values of real estate provide input into the change management process of the organisation (3 and its real estate (7. The organisation’s change management (3 is directed by leadership and is about policy & management of the resources, including human resources and real estate. In this part of the model, different resources for production have to be balanced against each other. This results in a process that has to be implemented in a physical environment.In this model, the Designing an Accommodation strategy (DAS-Frame is the basis for real estate change management (7. In an iterative process a match is made between demand and supply, now and in the future, resulting in a building which can support organisational primary processes. Paralleling the management of accommodation with organisational change thus leads logically to a step-by-step plan for the transformation of the accommodation. Both the processes and the building are compared with the stakeholder demands and related perspectives on real estate.In addition, a five-point scale for all

  2. Racionalidade das decisoes estrategicas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lopez, Jose Emilio Navas; Martin, Luis Angel Guerras; Navarro, Antonio Montero

    2010-01-01

    .... Este trabalho propoe, em primeiro lugar, um modelo rigorosamente racional de decisao estrategica, a partir do qual se deduzem suas principais vantagens e pontos fortes, para a adocao das melhores decisoes estrategicas...

  3. PROTECTION FROM INFLATION BY INVESTING IN REAL ESTATES, ALBANIAN CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina KRIPA

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays investing in Real Estates is one of the main investing alternatives. It has spread fast in all the international markets, and has evolved in other indirect tools of investing, based on the investors’ demands and a country’s economic situation. Investing in Real Estates has become an attractive alternative because it offers protection from Inflation and also diversification. Therefore, the increase in these assets’ prices, and the increase in Inflation at the same time, provides the investor with high rate of returns from his portfolio. Even the periodic income from the rent, reflects the changes in Inflation. As a result, reviewing the literature, we conclude that Real Estates are protective in inflationist periods. The income from Real Estates tends to increase faster in inflationist environments, allowing the investor to keep real rates of returns. Real Estates have always behaved different from bonds, options and stocks. Real Estates have their particular life cycle, which is distinguished by the boom and bust periods, in particular The Commercial Real Estate in the 80’ and The Residential Real Estate in the 2008 crisis. Usually Real Estates have a low correlation with other classes of assets. This makes investors invest more in Real Estates, and now it is normal for an investor with passive or active strategy to own more than one Real Estate for profit intentions. This topic has been chosen in order to understand in details the relationship between Real Estates and Inflation in Albania. To explain this relationship, it has been used the model of a linear regression. It has been identified The House Price Index (a representative of Real Estates in Albania as a dependent variable and Inflation as an independent variable. From this model, we conclude that there is a positive and linear relationship between The Price Index and Inflation. In conclusion, if the economy has Inflation and the GDP Deflator increases by 1 %, then The

  4. Das berufliche und das private Geschlecht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almut Sülzle

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Jutta Wergen untersucht Geschlechterkonstruktionen in Männerberufen, indem sie Frauen befragt, die als Lkw-Fahrerinnen, als Binnenschifferinnen und als Bus- bzw Straßenbahnfahrerinnen im öffentlichen Nahverkehr arbeiten. Dabei kann sie zeigen, dass diese Berufe sehr unterschiedliche Kontexte für Geschlechterarrangements zur Verfügung stellen, von traditioneller Arbeitsteilung bis zur Umkehrung derselben. Der Kern der Erkenntnis dieser Arbeit, das sei hier schon vorweggenommen, ist bestechend und zugleich faszinierend einfach: die Trennung in ein „professionelles“ und ein „privates“ Geschlecht.

  5. Características experimentais das publicações da Ciência Rural de 1971 a 2000

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lúcio, Alessandro Dal'Col; Lopes, Sidinei José; Storck, Lindolfo; Carpes, Ricardo Howes; Lieberknecht, Daniel; Nicola, Márcia Cristina

    2003-01-01

    ... a freqüência relativa simples das estruturas experimentais e dos testes estatísticos de análise complementar aplicados para tratamentos qualitativos e quantitativos e os valores máximos, mínimos e médios para...

  6. Divestment of public real estate properties: adelante, ma con juicio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Cacciamani

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The divestment of public properties consist in ceding for a valuable consideration public properties to private people. The advantage linked up to the divestment of public real estate is anyway evident: the Government immediately obtains the funds it needs, with beneficial effects, both in relation to public finances, both for the growth of economic and financial system. The main obstacle to the sale is the fact that real estate is very diverse in terms of type, ownership, use, geographical location. Despite this, the sale of real estate of Public Administration is an initiative fully correct.

  7. Atypical real estate objects: legal regime and control system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voskresenskaya Elena

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The legal concept of immovable things raises controversy in legal practice. Determining and understanding the definition of real estate, the complexity and diversity of these objects, a growing appearance of so-called atypical properties (such as sport stadiums, roads, boreholes, analyzing legislation and judicial practice of this field – all these issues call for a deep study of this topic. There is a conflicting arbitration practice, the subject of which is the learning of the legal nature of atypical real estate (for instance, asphalt playgrounds, car parks, fences, wells. The object of the research is the learning of the legal status of atypical real estate.

  8. Towards a listed real estate investment valuation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douw Gert Brand Boshoff

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a Listed Real Estate Investment Valuation Model that was developed to investigate the movement in indirect real estate investment through the consideration of the underlying assets of property loan stock companies. Specific reference is given to information that is made available to shareholders by way of annual financial statements in order to determine the extent to which shareholders can make investment decisions based on this information. The study enhances the knowledge of direct vs. indirect real estate investment behaviour and provides more insight into price discovery in the property sector.

  9. Improvement and alienation of public real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferruccio Favaron

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Most of the Italian cities have been in crisis through the last decades, not being able anymore to guarantee the needs and expectations of their inhabitants, due to the lack of fundamental services, mobility, places of aggregation and attraction. The housing growth since Second World War, answering almost only to the needs of speculation and revaluation of landed revenue, produced anonymous and degraded suburbs, contributing to cancel a fundamental part of our communities’ history and culture. The crisis of the cities has clashed with the architectural one. Through sustainable regeneration, identified by the Italian architects as the greatest opportunity for revitalizing the cities and develop the country, we need to sustain interventions based on high architectural quality, besides innovative energetic, environmental and social requalification standards. It is now as never fundamental to extend the city effect from the centre to the far end suburbs, upgrading the public element, integrating the services and proposing new polarities able to interact in a synergic and propaedeutic way with the city centre. Within these settings, involving public agencies and resources with private companies and capitals, the new conversion, development and alienation of the public real estate (valued more than 400 billions €, represent a unique chance to redefine and regenerate the cities, apart from being an extraordinary opportunity to drop the debt and rationalize the local government expenses. To provide powerful infrastructures, aimed cultural policies, sustainable and environmental developments plans, are the biggest challenges to make our cities the most important investment on our future.

  10. The appraisal rationalisation of real estate expertise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Ciuna

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Italian appraisal practice is characterized by valuations developed in subjective opinions formulated by the valuers, according to the experience and the competence rather than on the survey of the market data of comparable properties. This practice makes up for the lack of information on the real estate market and to the consequent absence of systematic collections of market data. This tradition is in the cadastral appraisal for the rural (1886 and urban properties (1939. The assessed income is appraised for a representative property and wide to all the other properties with arbitrary scores (pure number. The assessed value is derived from the income with fixed multipliers. The reform of the cadastral appraisals (2013 provides the employment of predetermined statistic functions rather than the automated valuation models applied in the mass appraisal. There are therefore ample spaces to rationalize the Italian valuations. For the market appraisal the process of rationalization is based on the comparison between the expertise and the market comparison approach. For the cadastral appraisal the process of rationalization is based on the statistic application to the fixed functions with the survey of a sample of market prices and the ratios study according to the valuation standards.

  11. Das neue Frankfurt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Antonio Zapatel

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The Siedlungen are housing estates built in between the 1925 and 1931 that defined new forms of urban expansion in Frankfurt. Under the ideas of the Garden City as a mean of dissemination of the city in the field Siedlungen estates are built in low density residential areas interspersed with green areas. Through the identification, and analysis of urban qualities of the traditional city: homogeneous urban form, comprehensive and closed; opposed to the industrial city: heterogeneous urban form, fragmented, and undefined, modern German architects developed urban rationalization processes in response to the uncontrolled growth of the modern metropolis. From the house design to the city planning, the Siedlungen exemplifies the most important attempts to rationalize the industrial city. Industrialize processes in building technology for architectural design, defines new qualitative and quantitative parameters for the production of modern housing, with the construction of 15.000 housing units. Modern production enabled to tackle urban problems in different urban scales, giving the architect’s work the role of an agent of large urban transformations. The urban plan of Frankfurt coordinated by Ernst May was based on a vision of decentralization and zoning at a metropolitan scale. This outcome characterizes an intervention process in which general and particular urban issues are addressed in sectorial plans, within a specific approach to each urban area.

  12. Análise dos diferentes modelos de estruturação de procurement em empresas de real estate

    OpenAIRE

    Mauricio Bertoldi Sanchez Neves

    2016-01-01

    Percebe-se no mercado brasileiro que a área de suprimentos - Procurement - nas empresas do segmento de real estate de construção civil se apresenta, tanto em termos de estrutura quanto em procedimentos, de diferentes formas. É possível observar estruturas centralizadas responsáveis por toda a gestão na companhia, enquanto há outras em que as obras são autônomas com suporte corporativo. Para cada estrutura, as formas de atuação das áreas diferem, objetivando satisfazer as premissas gerenciais ...

  13. Apontamentos de Introdução às Probabilidades e à Estatística. Volume II

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso, Anabela; Nunes, Carla

    2005-01-01

    Este trabalho nasceu com a necessidade real de responder a uma dificuldade que alguns docentes da área de Estatística do Departamento de Matemática, da Universidade de Évora, sentiram na organização e conjugação das diferentes disciplinas: tal como existe muita literatura publicada nesta área, também existem diferentes notações, definições e conceitos. Pretende-se aqui apresentar uma sólida proposta de base de trabalho, homogeneizando e clarificando as notações e os conceitos utilizados. ...

  14. Apontamentos de Introdução às Probabilidades e à Estatística. Volume I

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso, Anabela; Nunes, Carla

    2005-01-01

    Este trabalho nasceu com a necessidade real de responder a uma dificuldade que alguns docentes da área de Estatística do Departamento de Matemática, da Universidade de Évora, sentiram na organização e conjugação das diferentes disciplinas: tal como existe muita literatura publicada nesta área, também existem diferentes notações, definições e conceitos. Pretende-se aqui apresentar uma sólida proposta de base de trabalho, homogeneizando e clarificando as notações e os conceitos utilizados. E...

  15. Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) (Lease)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) is the primary tool used by PBS to track and manage the government's real property assets and to store inventory data,...

  16. Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) Inventory (Building)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Real Estate Across the United States (REXUS) is the primary tool used by PBS to track and manage the government's real property assets and to store inventory data,...

  17. Aquatic Resources Awareness Course for Real Estate Appraisers

    Science.gov (United States)

    This training module is intended for licensed real estate appraisers. It is designed to increase the awareness of aquatic resources including why they are protected, signs to look for and documentation.

  18. Which corporate real estate mangement functions should be outsourced?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chris Manning; Mauricio Rodriguez Stephen E Roulac

    1997-01-01

    .... Further, concepts are utilized from the neoclassical theory of the firm, supported by the literature on corporate real estate outsourcing, to shed some light on how much and which corporate real...

  19. Country Club Estates, LLC - Clean Water Act Public Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA is providing notice of an Administrative Penalty Assessment in the form of an Expedited Storm Water Settlement Agreement against Country Club Estates, LLC, a business located at 3415 Mulberry Dr., Marion, Iowa, for alleged violations at Tower Tenac

  20. Spatial and Real Estate Management Determinants of Tourism Sector Development

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alina Źróbek-Różańska; Joanna Zielińska-Szczepkowska

    2014-01-01

    .... The realization of particular tasks is a very complex process, and requires rational and active spatial and real estate management, coherent with the principles of spatial order and sustainable development.

  1. Commercial real estate development and valuation in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoenmaker, Dennis Albert Jan

    2016-01-01

    In the past three decades, financial deregulation, or the process of removing governmental rules controlling the way that financial organizations operate, has facilitated interconnections between commercial real estate markets, the financial sector and national economic markets. As a result,

  2. Towards a Real Estate Monitoring Information System in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul de Vries

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the construction of real estate databases and the valuation of properties in Buzau, Romania. One of the criteria for candidate states for EU membership is an effective monitoring system for the land and real estate markets.The objective of this paper is twofold. First, the development of a set of databases, procedures and guidelines that enables a valuation process on the Romanian real estate market and secondly, using those databases, to gain insight into the real market value of recently sold properties. We use the observations of estate agents and banks starting in May 2007. Using hedonic regression, with house andneighbourhood characteristics, we estimate the house prices

  3. Book Review: Real estate, construction and economic development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Book Title: Real estate, construction and economic development in emerging market economies. Book Authors: Edited by Raymond Talinbe Abdulai, Franklin Obeng-Odoom, Edward Ochieng, Vida Maliene. (2015). Taylor & Francis, UK. ISBN: 9780415747899 ...

  4. Success and fail factors in sustainable real estate renovation projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Volker, L.

    2011-01-01

    Sustainability remains an important issue for the construction industry. Yet, sustainable real estate developments are still considered as highly ambitious projects. To find out how and why sustainable renovation projects actually became sustainable we systematically evaluated 21 leading Dutch real

  5. MiDAS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McIlroy, Simon Jon; Saunders, Aaron Marc; Albertsen, Mads

    2015-01-01

    of some of these genera are described, but most are known only from sequence data. The MiDAS taxonomy is a manual curation of the SILVA taxonomy that proposes a name for all genus-level taxa observed to be abundant by large-scale 16 S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of full-scale activated sludge...... communities. The taxonomy can be used to classify unknown sequences, and the online MiDAS field guide links the identity to the available information about their morphology, diversity, physiology and distribution. The use of a common taxonomy across the field will provide a solid foundation for the study...

  6. Date Stamping Bubbles in Real Estate Investment Trusts

    OpenAIRE

    Escobari, Diego; Jafarinejad, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    We test for the existence of single and multiple bubble periods in four Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) indices using the Supremum Augmented Dickey-Fuller (SADF) and the Generalized SADF. These methods allow us to estimate the beginning and the end of bubble periods. Our results provide statistically significant evidence of speculative bubbles in the REIT index and its three components: Equity, Mortgage and Hybrid REITs. These results may be valuable for real estate financial managers and...

  7. The Pricing of Embedded Options in Real Estate Lease Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald Buetow, Jr.; Joseph Albert

    1998-01-01

    Leases and rental agreements often have options attached or embedded in them. These options sometimes depend on a number of economic variables such as the consumer price index (CPI), a real estate index and/or the value of real estate underlying the agreement. The evaluation of these options often involves the solution or approximation to a partial differential equation (PDE). This study analyzes the appropriate PDEs which model the situation where the lessee is granted an option to either pu...

  8. Real estate valuation in the Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Božić Branko S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There is no complete and systemized infrastructure for efficient and reliable evaluation of real estates in the Republic of Serbia. This is confirmed by analysis of the applicable regulations which treat valuation of real estates in different ways. This practice contradicting numerous standards and applicable directives (INSPIRE directive, Strategy of the development of geospatial data infrastructure in the Republic of Serbia etc., as well as numerous other examples of good practice governing the activities of collecting and maintaining spatial data infrastructure. By the Law on State Survey and Cadaster of the 2009, the Republic Geodetic Authority is ensured to the jurisdiction of the development of mass appraisal, which should provide real estate market value for all real estates in the territory of the Republic of Serbia. In contrast, the position and the role of local government being increasable stronger in creating the budget, which is closely associated with the values of resources and capital which local government have. Determing the property tax is the responsibility of the local government and therefore its role in the process of valuation of immovable property is of great importance. In addition to local governments, the Tax Administration traditionally determines real estate values. This paper analyzes the current situation and initiate further activities on the development of the system of evaluation of real estates in the Republic of Serbia.

  9. Spanish Real Estate Bubble: A Classroom Experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Castello-Sirvent

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The European Higher Education Area (EHEA requires development of teaching methodologies that encourage active participation by students in the autonomous learning process, taking the figure of the professor as the mediator. On the other hand, the economy is a fundamental aspect in today’s society insofar that it contributes to explaining the behaviour of individuals. In this sense, the experimental economy applied in lecture rooms is presented as an innovative educational procedure that is perfectly adapted to university teaching, since it facilitates acquisition and consolidation of curricular knowledge and favours the development of capabilities by students, whilst at the same time improving the quality of teaching and has a positive impact on the interest students have in the subject. This paper describes the application of an economic experiment as an active learning method to prove the mechanisms used to set prices. The experience took place at the ESIC Business and Marketing School Valencia university centre, within the subject of “Spanish Economy” in Official Business Management and Administration degrees and in Marketing and Sales Management degrees. The starting point for this experience was the work by Radim Boháček (2002, adding changes aimed at empirically explaining inflation, the real estate bubble and subsequent economic crisis in Spain. The obtained results prove that this educational experience favours learning of the economic concepts students study, and stimulates proactive interest in the subject. From the obtained results a second experiment is proposed in order to consolidate concepts concerning price setting mechanisms in the presence of intervention by the Public Sector (taxes and subsidies or establishing incentives that model collusive behaviour leading to situations where market offers are concentrated in oligopolies.

  10. 32 CFR 552.16 - Real estate claims founded upon contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Real estate claims founded upon contract. 552.16... Real Estate Claims Founded Upon Contract § 552.16 Real estate claims founded upon contract. (a) Purpose... interest in real estate for which compensation must be made according to the Fifth Amendment to the...

  11. 7 CFR 1951.11 - Application of payments on real estate accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Application of payments on real estate accounts. 1951... Servicing Policies § 1951.11 Application of payments on real estate accounts. (a) Regular payments. If a borrower owes more than one type of real estate loan, or has received initial and subsequent real estate...

  12. 26 CFR 1.857-1 - Taxation of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxation of real estate investment trusts. 1.857...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-1 Taxation of real estate... revocation or termination of an election, and 857(d), relating to earnings and profits) to a real estate...

  13. 26 CFR 1.857-2 - Real estate investment trust taxable income and net capital gain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate investment trust taxable income and... TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-2 Real estate investment trust taxable income and net capital gain. (a) Real estate investment trust taxable...

  14. 7 CFR 1962.8 - Liens on real estate for additional security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Liens on real estate for additional security. 1962.8... Security § 1962.8 Liens on real estate for additional security. The County Supervisor may take the best lien obtainable on any real estate owned by the borrower, including any real estate which already...

  15. 26 CFR 1.856-1 - Definition of real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definition of real estate investment trust. 1...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.856-1 Definition of real estate investment trust. (a) In general. The term “real estate investment trust” means a corporation, trust, or...

  16. 32 CFR 643.3 - Authority to grant use of real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority to grant use of real estate. 643.3... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.3 Authority to grant use of real estate. (a) The United States.... (b) One of the principal authorities for the use of military real estate for commercial purposes is...

  17. 26 CFR 1.857-7 - Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Earnings and profits of a real estate investment... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-7 Earnings and profits of a real estate investment trust. (a) Any real estate investment trust whether or not such trust...

  18. 26 CFR 1.857-8 - Records to be kept by a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Records to be kept by a real estate investment... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-8 Records to be kept by a real estate investment trust. (a) In general. Under section 857(a)(2) a real estate investment...

  19. 26 CFR 1.1402(a)-4 - Rentals from real estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rentals from real estate. 1.1402(a)-4 Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Tax on Self-Employment Income § 1.1402(a)-4 Rentals from real estate. (a) In general. Rentals from real estate and from personal property leased with the real estate (including such rentals...

  20. 7 CFR 767.102 - Leasing non-real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leasing non-real estate inventory property. 767.102..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Lease of Real Estate Inventory Property § 767.102 Leasing non-real estate inventory property. The Agency does not lease non-real estate...

  1. 26 CFR 1.469-9 - Rules for certain rental real estate activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rules for certain rental real estate activities... certain rental real estate activities. (a) Scope and purpose. This section provides guidance to taxpayers... rental real estate, including any interest in rental real estate that gives rise to deductions under...

  2. 32 CFR 643.13 - Military requirement for real estate under grant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military requirement for real estate under grant... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.13 Military requirement for real estate under grant. When a military requirement arises for real estate which is being used under a grant of non-Army use, the...

  3. 17 CFR 210.12-24 - Real estate owned and rental income. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and rental... § 210.12-24 Real estate owned and rental income. 1 Part 1—Real estate owned at end of period Column A... In a separate schedule classify by states in which the real estate owned is located the total amounts...

  4. 12 CFR Appendix A to Subpart D of... - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending... THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS Real Estate Lending Standards Pt. 34, Subpt. D, App. A Appendix A to Subpart D of Part 34—Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending The agencies' regulations...

  5. 24 CFR 100.115 - Residential real estate-related transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Residential real estate-related... Estate-Related Transactions § 100.115 Residential real estate-related transactions. The term residential real estate-related transactions means: (a) The making or purchasing of loans or providing other...

  6. 32 CFR 552.32 - Authority to acquire real estate and interests therein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority to acquire real estate and interests... Real Estate and Interest Therein § 552.32 Authority to acquire real estate and interests therein. While... law authorizing such purchase (R. S. 3736; 41 U.S.C. 14). No real estate not in Federal ownership...

  7. 20 CFR 404.1082 - Rentals from real estate; material participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rentals from real estate; material... Self-Employment Income § 404.1082 Rentals from real estate; material participation. (a) In general. Your rentals from real estate and from personal property leased with the real estate (including rentals...

  8. The real estate market as the foundation of the value and forecast as a purpose: trend and real estate cycles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Rosasco

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this project is that of inquiring around the relations existing among the main variables characterizing the Genovese residential real estate market which determine their performance in time through the data analysis of the two observers of the real estate market: ASSIMIL and OMI. The analysis has developed on five selected market homogeneous areas within the territory of the town of Genoa. The aim is that to test whether it’s possible or not to recognize a cyclical of values in time and how they appear by using two different sources of data. The correct forecast of the real estate market is, in fact, strategic for the valuation of the feasibility of interventions and for the construction of reliable real estate investment scenarios.

  9. The Equity Risk Premium for Securitized Real Estate: The Case for U.S. Real Estate Investment Trusts

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Robert H Edelstein; Konstantin Magin

    2013-01-01

    .... real estate investment trusts (REITs). By employing a novel methodology, explicitly incorporating REIT shareholders taxation for capital gains and ordinary income, the analysis demonstrates that the expected after-tax risk premiums...

  10. Das Kapital e Eu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Schweickart

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available A partir da sua própria biografia, o autor ensaia sobre sua interpretação de Das Kapital, de Karl Marx. Argumenta sobre a exploração capitalista, sobre o fetichismo e aponta para o problema central do capitalismo: a falta de controle dos concernidos sobre a produção de produtor úteis.

  11. Das, Prof. Prosad Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 1975 Section: Earth & Planetary Sciences. Das, Prof. Prosad Kumar D.Phil. (Calcutta), FNA Council Service: 1980-82. Date of birth: 20 May 1926. Date of death: 14 January 2011. Specialization: Numerical Weather Prediction, Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling, Storm Surges and Dynamic Meteorology

  12. Das, Dr Amitava

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2010 Section: Chemistry. Das, Dr Amitava Ph.D. (Jadavpur), FNASc, FNA. Date of birth: 24 December 1959. Specialization: Molecular Reactions, Supramolecular Chemistry, Assembly Photo-included Processes Address: Director, Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute, GB Marg, Bhavnagar 364 002, ...

  13. Das, Prof. Prasanta Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 2017 Section: Chemistry. Das, Prof. Prasanta Kumar Ph.D. (Osmania). Date of birth: 2 June 1971. Specialization: Bio-organic Chemistry, Supramolecular Self Assemblies, Enzymology, Soft Nanocomposite in Cellular Transportation Address: Department of Biological Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation ...

  14. Das, Prof. Amita

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 2011 Section: Physics. Das, Prof. Amita Ph.D. (IIT, Kanpur). Date of birth: 3 August 1965. Specialization: Strongly Coupled & Dusty Plasma Systems, Laser Plasma Interactions, Plasma Physics, Turbulence, Electron Magnetohydrodynamics Address: ... Office: (079) 2396 2078

  15. Das, Prof. Saumitra

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 2009 Section: General Biology. Das, Prof. Saumitra Ph.D. (Calcutta), FNASc, FNA. Date of birth: 20 January 1962. Specialization: Molecular Virology, Molecular Biology and Cell Biology Address: Microbiology and Cell Biology Department, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560 012, Karnataka

  16. Real Estate Securities and a Filter-based, Short-term Trading Strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Cooper; David H. Downs

    1999-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence provides overwhelming support to the belief that sophisticated real estate investors profit by timing long-run real estate cycles. This article examines the investment performance benefits that sophisticated investors may derive from short-run cycles in real estate, specifically, through the publicly traded real estate markets. Using a simple strategy that filters out noise in real estate investment trust (REIT) price reversals, this study shows that a contrarian strategy i...

  17. Chinese Real Estate Market Risk Measure by Value-at-Risk: an Empirical Study on Real Estate Market of Beijing and Chongqing

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Yunhan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this article is introducing a quantified risk assessment use in real estate for forecasting mark risks from a macro view, and applies it in real market to give suggestions for investors and government. Early studies of real estate investment market are focus on finance productions, such as property trust, real estate stocks. This article tries to outline the whole real estate industry’s risk level. Design/methodology/approach – The article presents an idea borrow...

  18. Real Estate Crowdfunding. A financial innovation for direct property investment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giacomo Morri

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to provide a simple overview on crowdfunding with a focus on its potential application to the real estate market. The Global Financial Crisis of 2008 paralyzed the global economy, creating a strong diminishing trust in financial services and in the banking system in general. One of the most revolutionary systems to get funded in the market has been crowdfunding, a way of financing coming directly from the crowd through the Internet. Crowdfunding in real estate started in 2012 with the Jumpstart Our Business Startup Act (JOBS Act in USA and has been developing at a fast rate every year. In Italy, crowdfunding for real estate projects is not allowed yet, but there are various platforms that are already using the concept in different ways. Real Estate Crowdfunding could represent an interesting opportunity for private individual to have an exposure to direct real estate investments. After an initial description of crowdfunding in general, we present real estate crowdfunding in the U.S. by presenting the most relevant cases up to date. Finally, we analyze the Italian market by explaining why this innovative way of financing real estate projects is not feasible yet and how some platforms are legally trying to overcome the current limitations. In the U.S. the RECF has already raised more than $1 billion and there are more than 125 platforms; in Italy there are still limits for startups dealing with crowdfunding and a few platforms are starting to operate with a similar model.

  19. Das DNA-Puzzle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchner, Stefan

    Im Jahre 1953 wurde von James Watson und Francis Crick erstmalig der strukturelle Aufbau der sogenannten DNA (Desoxyribonukleinsäure) beschrieben, welche das Erbgut jedes Lebewesens enthält. Der wesentliche Teil des Erbguts wird dabei durch eine sehr lange Folge der vier Basen Adenin (A), Cytosin (C), Guanin (G) und Thymin (T) codiert. Seit einigen Jahren ist es möglich, die Folge der vier Basen zu einer gegebenen DNA zu bestimmen. Biologen bezeichnen diesen Vorgang als Sequenzierung.

  20. Wozu all das Theater?

    OpenAIRE

    Ronke, Astrid

    2005-01-01

    Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht theoretische und praktische Grundlagen und Implikationen von Drama und Theater als eine Unterrichtsmethode für den Fremdsprachenunterricht, speziell für den DaF(Deutsch als Fremdsprache)Unterricht in Amerika. Vor dem Hintergrund schwankender Einschreibezahlen für das Fach Deutsch, dem Desinteresse an Fremdsprachen und dem Fehlen nationaler Fremdsprachennormen für die Hochschulbildung in den USA, wird eine Unterrichtsmethode vorgestellt, die durch ihren ganzhe...

  1. Pricing real estate index options under stochastic interest rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Pu; Dai, Jun

    2017-08-01

    Real estate derivatives as new financial instruments are not merely risk management tools but also provide a novel way to gain exposure to real estate assets without buying or selling the physical assets. Although real estate derivatives market has exhibited a rapid development in recent years, the valuation challenge of real estate derivatives remains a great obstacle for further development in this market. In this paper, we derive a partial differential equation contingent on a real estate index in a stochastic interest rate environment and propose a modified finite difference method that adopts the non-uniform grids to solve this problem. Numerical results confirm the efficiency of the method and indicate that constant interest rate models lead to the mispricing of options and the effects of stochastic interest rates on option prices depend on whether the term structure of interest rates is rising or falling. Finally, we have investigated and compared the different effects of stochastic interest rates on European and American option prices.

  2. Market Motivations for Voluntary Carbon Disclosure in Real Estate Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ufere, Kalu Joseph; Alias, Buang; Godwin Uche, Aliagha

    2016-07-01

    Climate change mitigation in developing economies is a balancing act, between economic development and environmental sustainability. The need for market friendly determinants for low carbon economy, without compromising economic development is of essence. The aim of the study is to determine market friendly factors, which motivates voluntary carbon information disclosure, in the real estate industry. The study modeled economic factor with three variables and financial market factor with three variables against voluntary carbon information disclosure in the real estate industry. Structural equation modeling was used for the modeling and content analysis was used to collect data on the level of voluntary carbon information disclosure, from 2013 annual reports of 126 real estate sector companies listed in the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE). The model achieved a good fit, and was acceptable prediction. The results show that financial market factor has a significant predictive influence on voluntary carbon disclosure. The application of the result is that financial market factor is has a significantly positive influence on companies’ willingness to make voluntary carbon disclosure in the real estate industry. The result may be limited to the real estate industry that is highly leveraged on syndicated fund.

  3. Mineral Resource Information System for Field Lab in the Osage Mineral Reservation Estate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carroll, H.B.; Johnson, William I.

    1999-04-27

    The Osage Mineral Reservation Estate is located in Osage County, Oklahoma. Minerals on the Estate are owned by members of the Osage Tribe who are shareholders in the Estate. The Estate is administered by the Osage Agency, Branch of Minerals, operated by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Oil, natural gas, casinghead gas, and other minerals (sand, gravel, limestone, and dolomite) are exploited by lessors. Operators may obtain from the Branch of Minerals and the Osage Mineral Estate Tribal Council leases to explore and exploit oil, gas, oil and gas, and other minerals on the Estate. Operators pay a royalty on all minerals exploited and sold from the Estate. A mineral Resource Information system was developed for this project to evaluate the remaining hydrocarbon resources located on the Estate. Databases on Microsoft Excel spreadsheets of operators, leases, and production were designed for use in conjunction with an evaluation spreadsheet for estimating the remaining hydrocarbons on the Estate.

  4. Retail and Real Estate: The Changing Landscape of Care Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Scott A

    2015-01-01

    By its nature, retail medicine is founded in real estate. That retail medicine has expanded so dramatically in a relatively short period of time has taken people by surprise. This rapid growth of integrating healthcare services into retail real estate begs the question of whether real estate will eventually take on the importance in healthcare delivery that it has in retail. This article advances the view that it will. In the end, what retail and healthcare have in common is that they both reflect the attributes of demanding consumers as part of an experience-based economy, where products and services are sought based on how they fit with their lifestyles and how they make them feel (Pine and Gilmore 1998). Changing the selection process for healthcare services to be more like retail is already expanding how and where healthcare services are delivered.

  5. GENDER ROLE DISTRIBUTION IN RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE FAMILY DECISION MAKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina R. KANCHEVA

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Purchase and consumption behavioral patterns of various family formations in different social and cultural contexts have been subject to intensive investigation over the recent years. Residential real estate as a product category represents one of the most complex household purchases incorporating a wide diversity of attributes to be considered in order to match family members’ needs within available resources. The purpose of this paper is to add some insights into spousal perceptions of gender role specialization throughout a residential real estate purchase family decision-making process. The distribution of influence between husbands and wives across three decision-making stages, three sub-decisions and twelve housing attribute choices and the relative importance of twelve residential real estate characteristics are examined using a convenience sample of both spouses in 127 Bulgarian heterosexual married and cohabiting couples.

  6. The Role Of Social Media In Real Estate Marketing: A Research On The Transformation Of Real Estate Marketing In Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Çiğdem Aytekin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available While the new media changes our daily life practices, it also causes some transformations in thefield of marketing. Today it can be said that the real estate sector is also inevitably affected by thistransformation and that it has developed new business models that include social media. Alexa is awebsite managed by amazon.com, which displays web traffic on a world and country basis. In this way,businesses can continuously monitor the visitor performance of their websites. In this study, the rankingsof the Alexa web site were used to construct the sample of the research and in this way the visitortraffic was determined by the highest five real estate website in Turkey tracing techniques. On theother hand, the practices of real estate web sites to use social networks have been compared to the Alexavalue ranks by examining them on specific networks and within defined metrics. Thus, it can beshown whether the real estate web site with the highest value metric has the same order in the Alexavaluation, and the role of social media in real estate marketing is evaluated within the dimensions oftransformation. Research is essential since it makes an instantaneous evaluation of the circumstancesand snaps a moment in the timeline.

  7. The Monetary Policy and the Real Estate Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile DEDU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we intend to study the connection between monetary policy measures and the boom and bust cycles of the real estate markets in different countries. Many recent articles consider that central banks had an important contribution in triggering the global crisis and the collapse of the real estate markets during 2007-2009 due to the low monetary policy rates and the inadequate regulation and supervision of the banking system. We consider the generalization of this idea is an error, as certain central banks like the National Bank of Romania (NBR adopted prudent policies in the pre-crisis period.

  8. Estatística multivariada na discriminação de raças amazônicas de pupunheiras (Bactris gasipaes Kunth em Manaus (Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martel Jorge Hugo Iriarte

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available As raças e populações de pupunheiras ao longo dos rios Amazonas e Solimões apresentam grande variabilidade genética ainda não totalmente caracterizada. Neste estudo, foram aplicadas técnicas estatísticas multivariadas a 15 descritores morfológicos numa tentativa de caracterizar, morfometricamente, três raças existentes ao longo da Bacia desses rios. As três análises em conjunto permitiram uma discriminação das raças, mostrando também que os descritores mais importantes nessa seleção foram: número de espigas, comprimento da ráquis, peso do fruto, espessura das cascas, facilidade para descascar os frutos, peso das cascas, sabor dos frutos, espessura da polpa, distância morfológica dos frutos e peso da semente.

  9. Das Reflektierende Team

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorensen, Marlene Ringgaard; Gaarden, Marianne

    2015-01-01

    Jüngere empirische Forschung dazu, wie Predigthörende Predigten wahrnehmen und mit ihnen interagieren, deutet darauf hin, dass Predigende als Gesprächspartner und als theologischer Spiegel der Gemeinde wahrgenommen werden. Die Gemeinde gelangt im Dialog mit den Worten der Predigt zu eigenen Bedeu...... intersubjektiv eng verwobenen Gemeinschaft sind. Das Konzept des ›dritten Raumes‹ trägt der Einsicht Rechnung, dass wir im Dialog lernen und uns entwickeln. Es geht nicht darum, dass eine Person die andere überzeugt: Beide verändern sich im fortschreitenden Prozess....

  10. MiDAS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McIlroy, Simon Jon; Kirkegaard, Rasmus Hansen; McIlroy, Bianca

    A deep understanding of the microbial communities and dynamics in wastewater treatment systems is a powerful tool for process optimization and design (Rittmann et al., 2006). With the advent of amplicon sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene, the diversity within the microbial communities can now...... web platform about the microbes in activated sludge and their associated ADs. The MiDAS taxonomy proposes putative names for each genus-level-taxon that can be used as a common vocabulary for all researchers in the field....

  11. Controle estatístico de processo aplicado ao monitoramento de envase da tintura de iodo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Alexandre Nunes Neto

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A aplicação do controle estatístico para monitorar o desempenho da etapa de envase de formas farmacêuticas líquidas consiste em obter informações e estabelecer estratégias para a validação do processo, assim como possibilitar o gerenciamento deste a partir da percepção do comportamento das variáveis críticas do produto durante a produção. Esta etapa do processo possui como variável crítica o volume de envase. Variações neste parâmetro fora dos limites de qualidade pré-estabelecidos pela legislação refletem ineficiências durante o processo podendo ocasionar a reprovação do produto. Para demonstrar de forma objetiva o grau de segurança requerida para este tipo de processo foram utilizadas ferramentas do controle estatístico de processo (CEP para estudar e validar o desempenho da etapa de envase da tintura de iodo fabricada pela indústria farmacêutica Lapon Química e Natural Ltda. (Limoeiro - PE, Brasil, bem como verificar a estabilidade estatística e capacidade do processo. As atividades de melhoria, através da identificação e eliminação das causas especiais de variação do processo, permitiram a redução de sua variabilidade, assegurando uma melhoria contínua da qualidade nos resultados da produção. Palavras-chave: Controle estatístico de processo. Monitoramento de envase. Validação de processo. Tintura de iodo. ABSTRACT Statistical process control applied to used in monitoring the iodine tincture fill phase Statistical control is used to monitor the performance of the fill phase in the manufacture of liquid pharmaceutical forms, to obtain information and establish criteria for process validation, as well as to enable control of the process, by observing the behavior of the critical variables during production. The critical variable at this stage of the process is the filling volume. Variations in this parameter outside the established legal quality limits reflect inefficiency in the process that may

  12. Das ATHENA-Projekt: [

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Passenheim, Renate

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available [english] Since the winter semester of 2002/03, the Medical Faculty of the University of Heidelberg has been using the electronic learning environment ATHENA. It is the "virtual bulletin board" for the exchange and provision of information on the study of medicine within the faculty. Since 2004/05, the platform has been operated using the open source system LRN. The system is used with the focus on document management. The use of the interactive learning contents and programme takes place as a web-based support of the required attendance classes and independent study. The tools available on the platform are used within the departments for the integration of computer-assisted examination concepts, and the conducting of online course evaluations. [german] Seit dem Wintersemester 2002/03 setzt die Medizinische Fakultät Heidelberg die elektronische Lernumgebung ATHENA ein. Sie ist das "Virtuelle Schwarze Brett" für den Austausch und die Bereitstellung von Informationen zum Medizinstudium an der Fakultät. Seit 2004/05 wird die Plattform mit dem Open-Source-System .LRN betrieben. Das System wird eingesetzt mit dem Schwerpunkt der Kurs- und Dokumentenverwaltung. Die Nutzung der interaktiven Lerninhalte und -programme erfolgt als webbasierte Unterstützung der Präsenzveranstaltungen sowie im Selbststudium. Die in der Plattform verfügbaren Tools werden in den Fachbereichen zur Integration computerunterstützter Prüfungskonzepte sowie zur Durchführung von Online-Kursevaluationen eingesetzt.

  13. The Performance of Shariah Real Estate Investment Trust and Conventional Real Estate Investment Trust in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor Edi Azhar Binti Mohamad

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the performances of two Real Estate Investment Trust (REITs structure in Malaysian capital market by comparing the Dividend Yield (DY, Distribution per Unit (DU, Net asset Value (NAV, and Earning per Unit (EU of shariah REITSs (iREITs and conventional REITSs (cREITs from Malaysia perspective. The secondary data are retrieved from Bloomberg's Database for 13 listed REITs in the Bursa Malaysia main board for a five-year period from 2009 to 2013 with yearly observation. Applying One Way-Anova analysis, an Independent Sample Kruskal-Wallis Test is used to determine any differences in the performance of the two REITs structure. The results provide evidence indicating that the two structures have distinctive and significantly different performances. It also indicates the better performance of iREITs compared to cREITs. The results of this study are useful to provide additional evidence towards the viable of Islamic funds as a significant initiative to broaden and deepen the product base of Islamic capital market in Malaysia.

  14. An APPRAISAL analysis of the language of real estate advertisements

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article focuses on the linguistic choices made by estate agencies in their advertisements of houses, and how these choices compare across two competing agencies in Grahamstown, South Africa – Remax Frontier and Pam Golding Properties. Using Martin and White's (2005) APPRAISAL system, it investigates the ...

  15. Evaluation of phosphorus status of some soils under estate rubber ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of phosphorus status of some soils under estate rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis Muel. Agro.) trees in Southern Cross River State. EE Attoe, UC Amalu. Abstract. No abstract. Keywords: rubber tree; phosphorus uptake; soil P; leaf P; root mat P Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4(1) 2005: 55-61. Full Text:.

  16. A state-space model for residential real estate valuation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Francke, M.

    2010-01-01

    All property in the Netherlands has to be appraised yearly. Yearly valuation has only been made possible with the help of models. The number of real estate appraisers is simply too small to value the more than 7 million residential properties. This paper describes the statistical model that is used

  17. Strategies for healthcare facilities, construction, and real estate management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, James G

    2012-05-01

    Adventist HealthCare offers the following lessons learned in improving the value of healthcare facilities, construction, and real estate management: Use an integrated approach. Ensure that the objectives of the approach align the hospital or health system's mission and values. Embrace innovation. Develop a plan that applies to the whole organization, rather than specific business units. Ensure commitment of senior leaders.

  18. Two-level modelling of real estate taxtation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gall, Jaroslav; Stubkjær, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Real estate taxes recurrently attract attention, because they are a source of potentially increased revenue for local and national government. Most experts agree that it is necessary to switch from using normative values for taxation to a market-value-based taxation of real property with computer...

  19. Real estate developments and the housing supply issue in Ethiopia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    producer to a commodified form of production. Kesearch indicates that the manner of production is an indicator of the level of urbanisation of a country/or a city. Real estate development is a specialised form of builtspace production for sale or ...

  20. Exploring Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) as a housing finance ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    While traditional housing finance system in Nigeria could not stem the estimated shortage of 17 million, some identified modern sources had also made little impact on housing finance. Sustainable real estate financing requires a system which can be repackaged and traded for further creation of credit over time as fitting into ...

  1. Customer satisfaction amongst users of estate surveying and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Customer satisfaction and service quality are crucial factors in real estate professional service delivery. Firm size, amongst other factors, influences firms' service quality and hence its customers' satisfaction levels. This study investigated the influence of firm size on customer satisfaction levels of users of professional ...

  2. Adding Value by Health Care Real Estate : Parameters and Priorities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Voordt, D.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Due to the transition of the Dutch health care sector from a governmentally steered domain towards regulated market forces, health care organisations have become fully responsible for their real estate. This paper explores if/how Dutch health care organisations adopt the concept of adding

  3. America's Educational Failures: How Will They Affect Real Estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downs, Anthony

    Owners of all types of real properties, especially owners and occupants of big city downtown properties, have a high investment in the educational quality of the local labor force, and should encourage improvement even if it results in increased property taxes. Every real estate investment is "locked in" to the specific geographic…

  4. Power Laws in Real Estate Prices during Bubble Periods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohnishi, Takaaki; Mizuno, Takayuki; Shimizu, Chihiro; Watanabe, Tsutomu

    How can we detect real estate bubbles? In this paper, we propose making use of information on the cross-sectional dispersion of real estate prices. During bubble periods, prices tend to go up considerably for some properties, but less so for others, so that price inequality across properties increases. In other words, a key characteristic of real estate bubbles is not the rapid price hike itself but a rise in price dispersion. Given this, the purpose of this paper is to examine whether developments in the dispersion in real estate prices can be used to detect bubbles in property markets as they arise, using data from Japan and the U.S. First, we show that the land price distribution in Tokyo had a power-law tail during the bubble period in the late 1980s, while it was very close to a lognormal before and after the bubble period. Second, in the U.S. data we find that the tail of the house price distribution tends to be heavier in those states which experienced a housing bubble. We also provide evidence suggesting that the power-law tail observed during bubble periods arises due to the lack of price arbitrage across regions.

  5. What factors determine international real estate security returns?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamelink, F.; Hoesli, M.

    2004-01-01

    We use constrained cross-sectional regressions to disentangle the effects of various factors on international real estate security returns. Besides a common factor, pure country, property type, size and value/growth factors are considered. The value/growth measure that is used in this paper provides

  6. DEVELOPMENT TOOLKIT FOR REAL ESTATE MARKET ANALYSIS OF MOSCOW REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey Yu. Yushin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the developmentdirection of the tools of the secondary realestate market analysis associated withthe identification of market. Assessment of their quality, the relationship with each other and real estate, will improve thealgorithms for identifying repetitive objectsto exclude unreliable supply of assessment activities and a new perspective onthe dynamics of the market.

  7. Employablity Skills among Graduates of Estate Management in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egbenta, Idu Robert

    2015-01-01

    There is wide claim that employers have a high level of dissatisfaction associated with graduates from Nigeria higher institutions of learning. This paper examines whether graduates of estate management in Nigeria higher institutions have employability skills for productive employment. The study randomly sampled 59 principal partners or heads of…

  8. Culture Consideration in the Design of Government Housing Estates ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A study to investigate the extent to which design and planning have considered culture of the target users was carried out on three selected government-built estates in ... So also, majority of the houses have been modified through the provisions of additional facilities in order to accommodate cultural issues of value to the ...

  9. Obstacles to developing sustainable cities: the real estate rigidity trap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Kelly Turner

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Sprawl patterns of urbanization have large environmental consequences, and sustainable alternatives to conventional urban patterns of development have been promoted by a subset of planners, design professionals, and municipalities. These alternatives have not been widely adopted among real estate developers, actors with large influence over urban form and function. Existing explanations for this failure enumerate market and regulatory barriers but do not sufficiently describe the institutional structures that allow conventional approaches to prevail. A failure of real estate developers to adopt alternative forms of development can best be described in terms of a rigidity trap. Specifically, norms of practice within the real estate development industry combine with market and regulatory factors to favor existing practices and limit innovation. Moreover, these institutional factors also buffer the real estate development industry from feedback mechanisms and external signals that might otherwise trigger adaptation. Addressing the environmental consequences of urbanization not only requires novel approaches to urban design, but will also necessitate addressing systemic pathologies in the design implementation process.

  10. Schistosoma mansoni Infection in Finchaa Sugar Estate: Public ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The survey of Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni) in Finchaa Sugar Estate, Western Ethiopia, was conducted to investigate the prevalence and health problems of schistosomiasis with some of the risk factors. The examination was undertaken based on the analysis of retrospective clinical data from the health center and a ...

  11. 26 CFR 1.47-5 - Estates and trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Computing Credit for Investment in Certain Depreciable Property § 1.47-5 Estates and trusts. (a) In general... computing qualified investment with respect to such property, a recapture determination shall be made with... such properties is $15,000, computed as follows: Basis Applicable percentage Qualified investment $7...

  12. 26 CFR 1.48-6 - Estates and trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Computing Credit for Investment in Certain Depreciable Property § 1.48-6 Estates and trusts. (a) In general... properties plus the qualified investment with respect to the total cost of used section 38 properties... investment with respect to the total bases of all new section 38 properties plus the qualified investment...

  13. Fiscal state aid and real estate collective investment vehicles (CIVs)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, H.

    2011-01-01

    State aid is an issue that does not immediately come to mind on the topic of real estate collective investment vehicles (CIVs). Nevertheless the question of state aid plays an important role. Last year, the European Commission charged with the monitoring of state aid has taken an important decision

  14. Explicit design for real estate education : The management game

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jong, P.; Van Dooren, E.J.G.C.; Den Heijer, A.C.

    2015-01-01

    In positioning the design school versus the business school, the management game as an educational module in the last semester of the architectural bachelor in Delft is illustrative for the possible synthesis between real estate and architecture. The explicit approach of design, as applied in Delft

  15. 76 FR 55322 - Section 67 Limitations on Estates or Trusts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... that the proper reading of the language in section 67(e), which asks whether the expense ``would not... investment objective, or may require a specialized balancing of the interests of various parties, such that a... estate or to a specialized balancing of the interests of various parties such that a reasonable...

  16. Risk-neutral valuation of real estate derivatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bragt, D.; Francke, M.K.; Singor, S.N.; Pelsser, A.

    2015-01-01

    Despite the importance of residential real estate as both an asset class for investors and as a source of "housing services" for individual home owners, as well as the relatively high volatility in house prices, markets for derivative instruments to hedge these risks have been slow to develop. The

  17. Geospatial Web Services in Real Estate Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radulovic, Aleksandra; Sladic, Dubravka; Govedarica, Miro; Popovic, Dragana; Radovic, Jovana

    2017-12-01

    Since the data of cadastral records are of great importance for the economic development of the country, they must be well structured and organized. Records of real estate on the territory of Serbia met many problems in previous years. To prevent problems and to achieve efficient access, sharing and exchange of cadastral data on the principles of interoperability, domain model for real estate is created according to current standards in the field of spatial data. The resulting profile of the domain model for the Serbian real estate cadastre is based on the current legislation and on Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) which is specified in the ISO19152 standard. Above such organized data, and for their effective exchange, it is necessary to develop a model of services that must be provided by the institutions interested in the exchange of cadastral data. This is achieved by introducing a service-oriented architecture in the information system of real estate cadastre and with that ensures efficiency of the system. It is necessary to develop user services for download, review and use of the real estate data through the web. These services should be provided to all users who need access to cadastral data (natural and legal persons as well as state institutions) through e-government. It is also necessary to provide search, view and download of cadastral spatial data by specifying geospatial services. Considering that real estate contains geometric data for parcels and buildings it is necessary to establish set of geospatial services that would provide information and maps for the analysis of spatial data, and for forming a raster data. Besides the theme Cadastral parcels, INSPIRE directive specifies several themes that involve data on buildings and land use, for which data can be provided from real estate cadastre. In this paper, model of geospatial services in Serbia is defined. A case study of using these services to estimate which household is at risk of

  18. legal funeral and estate planning for people living with hiv/aids

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elsabé Klinck. Director: Research, Compliance and Counselling, Foundation for Professional Development. LEGAL. FUNERAL AND ESTATE PLANNING FOR. PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS. Some preliminary points. ESTATE PLANNING AND APPLICABLE LEGISLATION. PENSION FUNDS AND EMPLOYEE BENEFITS ...

  19. How to fund assetless estates in insolvency? Assessing European funding mechanisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijck, G.

    2014-01-01

    Insolvency law faces the challenge of properly liquidating insolvent estates. To achieve this, insolvency representatives need to be skilled, and paid. Countries have adopted different models for compensating insolvency representatives who liquidate estates. While a proper insolvency funding

  20. How to Fund Assetless Estates in Insolvency? Assessing European Funding Mechanisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijck, G.

    2014-01-01

    Insolvency law faces the challenge of properly liquidating insolvent estates. To achieve this, insolvency representatives need to be skilled, and paid. Countries have adopted differ- ent models for compensating insolvency representatives who liquidate estates. While a proper insolvency funding

  1. 26 CFR 20.2053-4 - Deduction for claims against the estate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... rule. If a decedent's gross estate includes one or more claims or causes of action and there are one or... D's divorce, signed three years prior to D's death, obligates D or D's estate to pay to S, D's...

  2. Problems Related to the Abolition of Divided Real Estate Ownership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinsberga Jolanta

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Legal relationship between apartment owners in residential buildings and the land owners, that is, divided real estate ownership, was created in the Republic of Latvia in 1990, within the framework of the Land Reform, restoring property rights of the former owners or their heirs or privatising apartments in multi-apartment residential buildings. The existence of such legal relationship created different lease problems and restrictions on the property rights to the owners of both the building and the land. To abolish the legal relationship related to divided real estate ownership, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Latvia has developed a draft law Regarding the Abolition of Mandatory Divided Real Estate Ownership in Multi-Apartment Buildings (hereinafter referred to as Draft Law. Unfortunately, in the opinion of authors of this article, there are serious shortcomings to the Draft Law which must be corrected. The aim of the research is to identify the problematic issues by selecting and analysing the legislation on the abolition of the divided real estate ownership, which is related to the calculation of redemption price, payment method and consequences of non-payment, which are not regulated by the new Draft Law. The article reflects research on the determination and calculation of redemption price reglamented by the Draft Law and also analyses the Law of December 8, 1938, On the Abolition of Divided Real Estate Ownership and its practical implementation, which may significantly influence the redemption price and the method of its calculation; however, the mentioned law has been disregarded in developing the Draft Law. Thus the research has both theoretical and practical significance. For the research purposes general research methods, such as historical, analytical, inductive, deductive, logical-constructive and descriptive methods, are used. For the interpretation of legislation norms, grammatical, systemic, teleological and historical

  3. Land grab. More investors offer hospitals cash for their real estate as providers hunt for capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Melanie

    2011-03-07

    More real estate investors are offering hospitals cash for real estate as providers tap into their assets for capital. But if REITs are banking on providers cashing in their real estate chips, that's not happening yet, says Mike O'Keefe, left, of Navigant Consulting. The capital flooding into healthcare real estate has met with a limited supply of sellers. "That's what's driving some of this consolidation," O'Keefe said.

  4. THE EVOLUTION OF THE REAL ESTATE MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar V. Hovsepyan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the evolution of the real estate market of the Republic of Armenia. It presents the emergence and development of real estate market after the collapse of the USSR. The main influence on the impact of the global financial crisis on the real estate market in Republic of Armenia. Discusses some of the important issues for long-term development of the real estate market.

  5. Do Brazilian REITs depend on Real Estate sector companies or Overall Market?

    OpenAIRE

    Bruno Milani; Paulo Sergio Ceretta

    2013-01-01

    Real Estate investments have been considered a good tool to provide diversification without increasing risk in a portfolio. Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) are a well-known investment alternative to many investors who want to invest in real estate minimizing the liquidity problem, since they have traded shares. However, the fact that REITs have traded shares brings the following question: are these shares driven by a “real estate factor” or they simply follow the overall market variatio...

  6. The Real Estate Market in the Historical Development and Contemporary Trends in Latvia

    OpenAIRE

    Geipele, S; Kļaviņš, K

    2014-01-01

    In the business environment is not always possible to observe a long-term and stable development, it applies both to economic growth and real estate market development. Market participants would be able to make decisions efficiently in the field of real estate and construction, if the economic and real estate market development cycles, their characteristics, causes and consequences are analyzed. Thus, the economic theory theses become apparent and once again those prove that the real estate m...

  7. APPLICATION OF THE SYNERGETIC APPROACH IN THE THEORY OF REAL ESTATE VALUATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga BUZU

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Synergetic approach is especially evident in the area of real estate valuation. Constituents and legal and material elements of the real estate, many components of these objects imply the emergence of new qualities (high value of the unique real estate. It is proposed to analyze the synergy of different levels in determining the value of real estate, with the inclusion of the principle of synergy in a set of principles for determining the property value.

  8. Das Menschenrecht bei Immanuel Kant

    OpenAIRE

    Saykham, Voladet

    2001-01-01

    Um eine Gesellschaft und einen Staat zu gründen und das friedliche Zusammenleben dauerhaft zu sichern, bedürfen die Menschen eines Grundsatzes oder eines grundlegenden Prinzips, das ihr Verhalten und Handeln reguliert bzw. ordnet. Dieses grundlegendes Prinzip der Gesellschafts- und Staatsbildung bezeichnet man als das Prinzip der Gerechtigkeit. Was aber dieses Prinzip der Gerechtigkeit konkret beinhalten soll, ist wissenschaftlich und philosophisch, d.h. unabhängig von der real bestehenden ge...

  9. The Curriculum Improvement Project in Business Careers Programs: Business Manager, Officer Administrator, Real Estate Agent, Real Estate Broker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    College of the Mainland, Texas City, TX.

    In 1987, the College of the Mainland undertook a project to update curricula in real estate, business management, and office technology. The project entailed a survey of the labor market to clarify personnel needs in selected fields; the use of the DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process, which involved expert workers in the creation of task…

  10. 7 CFR 1951.16 - Other servicing actions on real estate type loan accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Other servicing actions on real estate type loan... Account Servicing Policies § 1951.16 Other servicing actions on real estate type loan accounts. (a... smaller, respectively, than the sum of such installments on the note and other charges. (c) Real estate...

  11. 12 CFR 250.403 - Service of member bank and real estate investment company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service of member bank and real estate... Glass-Steagall Act § 250.403 Service of member bank and real estate investment company. (a) The Board recently considered two inquiries regarding the question whether proposed real estate investment companies...

  12. 7 CFR 767.202 - Real estate inventory property located in special hazard areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate inventory property located in special...) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Real Estate Property With Important Resources or Located in Special Hazard Areas § 767.202 Real estate...

  13. 7 CFR 767.103 - Managing leased real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Managing leased real estate inventory property. 767... AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Lease of Real Estate Inventory Property § 767.103 Managing leased real estate inventory property. (a) The Agency will pay for...

  14. 20 CFR 404.1069 - Real estate agents and direct sellers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate agents and direct sellers. 404... § 404.1069 Real estate agents and direct sellers. (a) Trade or business. If you perform services after 1982 as a qualified real estate agent or as a direct seller, as defined in section 3508 of the Code...

  15. 76 FR 32880 - Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK21 Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate... capital from non-real estate businesses. DATES: Written and electronic comments must be submitted by... encourage greater investment in non- real estate businesses. The commentators suggested that revising the...

  16. 12 CFR 560.100 - Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate lending standards; purpose and... § 560.100 Real estate lending standards; purpose and scope. This section, and § 560.101 of this subpart....S.C. 1828(o), prescribe standards for real estate lending to be used by savings associations and all...

  17. 7 CFR 767.201 - Real estate inventory property with important resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Real estate inventory property with important... SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INVENTORY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Real Estate Property With Important Resources or Located in Special Hazard Areas § 767.201 Real estate inventory...

  18. 7 CFR 767.52 - Disposition of personal property from real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disposition of personal property from real estate..., personal property has been left on the real estate inventory property, the Agency will notify the former real estate owner and any known lienholders that the Agency will dispose of the personal property...

  19. 26 CFR 1.822-9 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.822-9 Section... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-9 Real estate owned and occupied. Section 822(d)(1) provides that the amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation on or with respect to any real estate owned...

  20. 7 CFR 1955.124 - Sale with inventory real estate (chattel).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Sale with inventory real estate (chattel). 1955.124... Property Chattel Property § 1955.124 Sale with inventory real estate (chattel). Inventory chattel property may be sold with inventory real estate if a higher aggregate price can be obtained. Proceeds from a...

  1. 17 CFR 210.12-29 - Mortgage loans on real estate. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgage loans on real estate... § 210.12-29 Mortgage loans on real estate. 1 Column A—Description 2,3,4 Column B—Interest rate Column C... mortgage loans on real estate investments has been written down or reserved against, describe the item and...

  2. 76 FR 70680 - Small Business Size Standards: Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Part 121 RIN 3245-AG28 Small Business Size Standards: Real Estate and Rental and Leasing... in North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Sector 53, Real Estate and Rental and...,'' which is an exception under NAICS 531190, Lessors of Other Real Estate Property. To calculate average...

  3. 32 CFR 644.8 - Planning and scheduling real estate activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Planning and scheduling real estate activities... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Civil Works § 644.8 Planning and scheduling real estate activities. (a) Normal scheduling. (1) The objective of a planned program is to provide for...

  4. 12 CFR 32.7 - Residential real estate loans, small business loans, and small farm loans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Residential real estate loans, small business... OF THE TREASURY LENDING LIMITS § 32.7 Residential real estate loans, small business loans, and small farm loans. (a) Residential real estate, small business, and small farm loans. (1) In addition to the...

  5. 76 FR 40612 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Technical Corrections and Clarifying Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 RIN 2502-AH85 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA... rule amends part 3500 of title 24 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows: PART 3500--REAL ESTATE...(g)), that makes or invests in residential real estate loans aggregating more than $1,000,000 per...

  6. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 365 - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending... STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY REAL ESTATE LENDING STANDARDS Pt. 365, App. A Appendix A to Part 365—Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies The agencies' regulations require that each insured depository...

  7. 26 CFR 1.803-5 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.803-5 Section... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Life Insurance Companies § 1.803-5 Real estate owned and occupied. The amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation upon or with respect to any real estate owned...

  8. 12 CFR Appendix C to Part 208 - Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending... H) Pt. 208, App. C Appendix C to Part 208—Interagency Guidelines for Real Estate Lending Policies... secured by liens on or interests in real estate or made for the purpose of financing the construction of a...

  9. 1982-83 Texas College and University Real Estate Course Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    In 1983, the Texas Real Estate Research Center conducted its eighth annual survey of the real estate offerings of the state's two- and four-year colleges. Survey findings, based on a 90% response rate, included the following: (1) 90 institutions (46 community colleges and 44 four-year colleges) offered real estate courses during the 1982-83…

  10. 41 CFR 102-73.10 - What is the basic real estate acquisition policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ESTATE ACQUISITION General Provisions § 102-73.10 What is the basic real estate acquisition policy? When... real estate and related services in an efficient and cost effective manner. ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the basic real...

  11. 24 CFR 100.110 - Discriminatory practices in residential real estate-related transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... residential real estate-related transactions. 100.110 Section 100.110 Housing and Urban Development... Discrimination in Residential Real Estate-Related Transactions § 100.110 Discriminatory practices in residential real estate-related transactions. (a) This subpart provides the Department's interpretation of the...

  12. 26 CFR 1.857-6 - Method of taxation of shareholders of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.857-6 Method of taxation of shareholders of real estate investment trusts. (a) Ordinary income. Except... receiving dividends from a real estate investment trust shall include such dividends in gross income for the...

  13. 75 FR 15465 - RMR Real Estate Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-29

    ... COMMISSION RMR Real Estate Income Fund, et al.; Notice of Application March 23, 2010. AGENCY: Securities and.... APPLICANTS: RMR Real Estate Income Fund and RMR Advisors, Inc. FILING DATES: December 31, 2003, September 23.... Applicants' Representations 1. RMR Real Estate Income Fund (``RIF'') is a closed-end management investment...

  14. 26 CFR 1.172-10 - Net operating losses of real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Net operating losses of real estate investment... (continued) § 1.172-10 Net operating losses of real estate investment trusts. (a) Taxable years to which a loss may be carried. (1) A net operating loss sustained by a qualified real estate investment trust (as...

  15. 26 CFR 1.822-6 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.822-6 Section... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-6 Real estate owned and occupied. Section 822(d)(1) provides that the amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation on or with respect to any real estate owned...

  16. Value adding management of hospital real estate : Balancing between different stakeholders’ perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zwart, J.; van der Voordt, D.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    In addition to cost effectiveness, possible contributions of real estate to organisational performance are incorporated in strategic corporate real estate management nowadays more and more. This paper explores the concept of adding value by real estate and how this concept is being applied in design

  17. 12 CFR 560.172 - Re-evaluation of real estate owned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Re-evaluation of real estate owned. 560.172... of real estate owned. A savings association shall appraise each parcel of real estate owned at the... under the particular circumstances. The foregoing requirement shall not apply to any parcel of real...

  18. 75 FR 33987 - Disposing of Unneeded Federal Real Estate Increasing Sales Proceeds, Cutting Operating Costs, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-16

    ... Documents#0;#0; ] Memorandum of June 10, 2010 Disposing of Unneeded Federal Real Estate-- Increasing Sales... Government, the largest property owner and energy user in the United States, has managed more real estate... were not sufficiently comprehensive in disposing of excess real estate and did not emphasize making...

  19. 32 CFR 644.27 - Authority to issue Real Estate Directives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority to issue Real Estate Directives. 644.27... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Project Planning Military (army and Air Force) and Other Federal Agencies § 644.27 Authority to issue Real Estate Directives. Where there is legislative authorization, an...

  20. Characteristics of the High Performance Real Estate Salesperson. Teachers Instructional Packet, TIP No. 12, Spring 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Real Estate Research Center.

    Part of a series of classroom aids designed for real estate instructors, this instructional packet was developed to help real estate students understand the characteristics of Texas real estate salespersons based on a 1983 state survey. First, questions for class discussion are presented, followed by a summary presentation on the survey findings,…

  1. 25 CFR 117.27 - Custody of funds pending administration of estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Custody of funds pending administration of estates. 117.27 Section 117.27 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES... CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY § 117.27 Custody of funds pending administration of estates. (a) Estates of Indians...

  2. Estate Planning for Forest Landowners What will Become of Your Timberland?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harry L. Haney; William C. Siegel

    1993-01-01

    This book has been written to assist nonindustrial private landowners in addressing the considerations enumerated above. It is designed to provide a working knowledge of the Federal estate and gift tax law as it relates to estate planning for timberland owners. The unique character of timber assets is addressed in terms of the estate planning goals of a woodland owner...

  3. 26 CFR 301.7506-1 - Administration of real estate acquired by the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administration of real estate acquired by the... Actions by the United States § 301.7506-1 Administration of real estate acquired by the United States. (a... situated shall have charge of all real estate which is or shall become the property of the United States by...

  4. 75 FR 423 - Notice of Availability: HUD Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) Handbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... Availability: HUD Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) Handbook AGENCY: Office of the Assistant... (Booklet) pursuant to the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) requirement in 12 U.S.C. Sec. 2604. The Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974 (RESPA) (12 U.S.C. 2601-2617), establishes the...

  5. 76 FR 30396 - Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, TX; Amended...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, TX; Amended Certification Regarding... of Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP, Real Estate Consulting, Houston, Texas (subject firm... subject worker group supplies real estate valuation services for the subject firm. The Department, on its...

  6. 27 CFR 70.183 - Administration and disposition of real estate acquired by the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... disposition of real estate acquired by the United States. 70.183 Section 70.183 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and... Property § 70.183 Administration and disposition of real estate acquired by the United States. (a) Persons charged with. The appropriate TTB officer shall have charge of all real estate which has been or shall be...

  7. 77 FR 59544 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ... for CDEs to provide working capital and equipment loans to non-real estate businesses because these...-real estate businesses for working capital and equipment, the proposed regulations modify the... qualified low-income community investment in a non-real estate business to invest certain returns of capital...

  8. 38 CFR 3.270 - Applicability of various dependency, income and estate regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... dependency, income and estate regulations. 3.270 Section 3.270 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Dependency, Income and Estate § 3.270 Applicability of various dependency, income and estate regulations. (a...

  9. 76 FR 21637 - Safety Zone; Ford Estate Wedding Fireworks, Lake St. Clair, Grosse Pointe Shores, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Ford Estate Wedding Fireworks, Lake St... zone is intended to restrict vessels from a portion of Lake St. Clair River during the Ford Estate... vessels during the setup, loading, and launching of the Ford Estate Wedding Fireworks Display. The...

  10. INTERNET DAS COISAS APLICADA A NEGÓCIOS - UM ESTUDO BIBLIOMÉTRICO

    OpenAIRE

    Galegale, Gustavo Perri; Siqueira, Érica; Silva, Carolina Bertolucci Hilário e; Souza, Cesar Alexandre de

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO A Internet das Coisas é uma inovação tecnológica, baseada em artefatos já consolidados como a Internet e objetos inteligentes. A crescente aplicação da Internet das Coisas nos negócios torna necessária uma avaliação de estratégias, benefícios e dificuldades enfrentadas na aplicação da tecnologia. O principal objetivo deste artigo é apresentar as diversas definições de Internet das Coisas, a partir dos artigos mais citados, e como objetivo secundário, apresentar estatísticas de publicaç...

  11. Exa mining The Measurement Methods of Investment Properties of Real Estate Investment Trusts According to Turkish Accounting Standard 40: Investment Properties Standard

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Emine Çına Bal

    2015-01-01

    .... Within the framework of the Capital Markets Law, organized by the Capital Markets Board of Turkey real estate investment trusts, real estate, real estate-based projects, and real estate capital...

  12. How Can Flood Affect the Real Estate Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trejo Rangel, Miguel Angel; Sapač, Klaudija; Brilly, Mitja

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine how actual flood events can affect the real estate for different case studies. Therefore, we have analysed the impact for two cases, the first is the flood event which occurred in 2013 in Boulder, Colorado, United States, city that is located in the eastern part of the Rocky Mountains, and the second event was the flood which occurred in 2010 the city of Ljubljana, capital and largest city of Slovenia, that is located between the Alpine and Balkan mountains.. The methodology that was used is comparison of mean prices of real estate, taking into account the flood events which have been chosen in accordance with the available data and previous studies, furthermore for the case study of Ljubljana, Slovenia questionnaires were sent through one civil organization which is actively working in the area (Civil Initiative for Flood Security SW part of Ljubljana). Analysed sales prices during the period 2009-2014 in the case study of Boulder, Colorado, United States showed that the flood event in 2013 did not significantly affect the mean price of real estate within the flooded area, besides prices inside the flood plain tended to stay above the prices outside the floodplain. Nevertheless, we have found that the flood event affected the real estate sector in terms of number of sales, being that after the flood event in 2013 sales decreased 52% regarding the previous years. For the case study of Ljubljana, Slovenia the results were unexpected somehow. In fact we expected that the prices of real estate located within the flooded areas, on average, would be lower than those located outside the flooded areas, and that was what shown in the results, which is actually opposite to what occurred for the case study of Boulder City. However the research showed that the flood event in 2010 did not affect the change in prices of real estate within the flooded areas and the trend was considerable similar to previous years the flood event in 2010

  13. ESTUDO DAS ISOTERMAS DE EQUILÍBRIO DAS SEMENTES DO PINHÃO-MANSO (Jatropha curcas L)

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos, Beatriz Autullo; Mancini, Maurício Cordeiro; Mendes, Marisa Fernandes

    2014-01-01

    O óleo do pinhão-manso é uma das promissoras matérias-primasutilizadas para a produção de biodiesel. Como a umidade presente na semente é uma importante variável, que influencia na quantidade de óleo extraído, o objetivo deste trabalho foi obter as isotermas de equilíbrio, realizar a modelagem matemática e validar o modelo selecionado. As isotermas foram obtidas através do medidor de atividade de água AquaLab 4TE, nas temperaturas de 30, 40 e 50 °C. A análise estatística provou que somente a...

  14. The marketing perspective on the risks of unqualified real estate market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Marius MUNTEANU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper is about the risks of unqualified real estate marketing and how it can be reduced through the qualification of buyers and sellers. The main risks on this market are the pricing and the customer requirements therefore the qualification of real estate agents is important too because it can entail a real estate transaction. The price of a real estate transaction is set by the interaction between demand and offer. Regarding this it was described a successful real estate project developed in Transylvania by the German investor, Maurer Imobiliare.

  15. Estatística descritiva e estacionaridade em variáveis geoquímicas ambientais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique César Pereira Assumpção

    Full Text Available RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar os dados de atributos geoquímicos a fim de verificar sua estacionaridade e correlacionar a normalidade estatística com o uso da técnica de krigagem ordinária. A escolha da krigagem ordinária como método geoestatístico aplicado ao trabalho deve-se ao fato de essa ser aconselhada para a realização de estudos em áreas onde existam dados com variáveis que possam apresentar dependência espacial, como é o caso das variáveis geoquímicas, e por ser indicada para dados que apresentam estacionaridade. A metodologia utilizada para a realização desta pesquisa envolveu, além da revisão de literatura, a obtenção de dados dos metais-traço (Cu, Zn, Mn, Fe, Cr e Pb extraídos parcialmente de amostras superficiais (0 a 10 cm de solos e sedimentos coletados em campo. Também foram determinados os valores de pH, salinidade, nitrogênio total, fósforo, matéria orgânica e granulometria. Foram conduzidas análises estatísticas, construções de semivariogramas, aplicação da krigagem ordinária e, por fim, validação cruzada para medir a incerteza da medição prévia dos dados. Neste trabalho, por meio dos variogramas, comprovou-se que, apesar de os dados não serem normais, eles apresentaram estacionaridade. Além disso, o parâmetro da estatística descritiva que mais possui correlação direta com a krigagem ordinária é a variância.

  16. Bingo das Ervilhas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Bonato Lovato

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a utilização de um jogo didático sobre conteúdos de Genética ministrados no Ensino Fundamental. O material utilizado foi elaborado a partir da literatura existente e trabalhado sob a forma de uma oficina ministrada a professores de Ensino Fundamental e Médio de escolas de abrangência da 4a. Coordenadoria Regional de Educação do Rio Grande do Sul. A oferta desta oficina partiu do pressuposto de que os jogos educacionais são uma importante estratégia no processo de ensino-aprendizagem por se tratarem de uma ferramenta facilitadora nas aulas de Ciências, uma vez que contribuem para a aprendizagem de conceitos e termos complexos de maneira lúdica e estimulam o desenvolvimento das competências dos educandos. Todos os participantes consideraram que a oficina realizada contribuirá para sua prática docente, e acreditam que os jogos didáticos oferecem experiências de aprendizado que contribuem para construção do conhecimento.

  17. Das Mechanostat-Modell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerschan-Schindl K

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Der Knochen ist ständig wechselnden Belastungen ausgesetzt und adaptiert seine Festigkeit entsprechend. Mangelnde körperliche Aktivität bedeutet eine zu geringe Verformung des Knochens und in der Folge einen Knochenabbau. Zyklische Belastungen des Knochens jenseits der Modelling-Schwelle, welche ausreichend starke Verformungen des Knochens und Verschiebungen der intrakanalikulären Flüssigkeit mit sich bringen, resultieren in einer Erhöhung der Knochenfestigkeit. Diese Verformungen werden durch Osteozyten wahrgenommen. Die mechanischen Kräfte werden in biochemische Signale umgewandelt (Mechanotransduktion und schließlich die Effektorzellen aktiviert (Transmission. Die Förderung der Osteoblasten bei Hemmung der Osteoklastenaktivität führt letztlich zu einer positiven Knochenbilanz. Die Reaktionen des Knochens sind aber nicht nur von Intensität und Frequenz der Belastung, sondern auch von der Beschleunigung der Bewegung abhängig. Nicht-mechanische Faktoren wie Sexualhormone modulieren das Ausmaß der Adaptation des Skeletts auf mechanische Reize.

  18. Origens das formas budistas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Carlos Chamas

    Full Text Available RESUMO As características de uma imagem de Buda são o resultado do processo milenar que uniu três fatores: as mitologias orientais mais antigas que o budismo, sua capacidade de se adequar às crenças locais e as suas próprias reinterpretações. Após o surgimento das primeiras estátuas que representavam o Buda histórico, o ideal de beleza para um ser que alcançou a Iluminação baseou-se nas antigas "ciências" orientais, predominantemente mentais e de energias sutis. Enquanto a estética ocidental discutia as idealizações da arte com racionalidade, ignorando um oriente "pagão e supersticioso", as imagens budistas personificavam estados mentais que o ocidente só cogitaria na sua modernidade. A arte budista transmite o legado ancestral e imutável de chaves místicas da consciência e do equilíbrio..

  19. Public open space for disaster mitigation in Tangerang housing estates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winandari, M. I. R.

    2018-01-01

    Public open space in housing estates plays an important role particularly in disaster mitigation. In some housing, there are indications of shape and use of space changes post-handover to local government. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between public open space condition and management related to disaster mitigation in Tangerang housing estates. Multiple case study method is used to analyse of 2 housing cases. Aspects of access and boundaries were used to evaluate the cases. The results showed that gated community housing type should have more than 1 access to facilitate evacuation by considering the farthest unit to the housing gate. This is necessary to provide open spaces that are easily accessible from all units as the first evacuation site during and post disaster.

  20. Streamlining of maintenance facilities for the university real estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefania De Medici

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In Italy, the management of public real estate is the object of a conceptual revisiting with one single common denominator: the increase of quality, meant as the degree of responsiveness to the use needs. This goal requires adding to technical skills - of he who designs and produces works - organizational and managerial competences - of he who designs and produces services - supported by procedures for measuring and monitoring the performance of the services supplied. Assuming as a pilot case the University of Catania, the research has developed a system for planning and control of maintenance services, which aims to increase the quality in managing real estate for University education. This system, patented in 2012, is able to streamline the maintenance services in relation to use needs.

  1. easyDAS: Automatic creation of DAS servers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimenez Rafael C

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Distributed Annotation System (DAS has proven to be a successful way to publish and share biological data. Although there are more than 750 active registered servers from around 50 organizations, setting up a DAS server comprises a fair amount of work, making it difficult for many research groups to share their biological annotations. Given the clear advantage that the generalized sharing of relevant biological data is for the research community it would be desirable to facilitate the sharing process. Results Here we present easyDAS, a web-based system enabling anyone to publish biological annotations with just some clicks. The system, available at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/panda-srv/easydas is capable of reading different standard data file formats, process the data and create a new publicly available DAS source in a completely automated way. The created sources are hosted on the EBI systems and can take advantage of its high storage capacity and network connection, freeing the data provider from any network management work. easyDAS is an open source project under the GNU LGPL license. Conclusions easyDAS is an automated DAS source creation system which can help many researchers in sharing their biological data, potentially increasing the amount of relevant biological data available to the scientific community.

  2. From real estate market to the habitability of residential space

    OpenAIRE

    Mejía Escalante, Mónica Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The constant construction of closed high-rise residential areas are not an isolated event produced solely by a group of investors to activate a real estate dynamic, their current space characteristics, the used constructive system and the residential tendency that has been configured, is not only consequent with the planning guidelines for a city like Medellín, but the rise of a proposal of mass dissemination, from a profusion of advertising devices as barriers, steering wheels, magazines of ...

  3. Implementing a real estate management system using open source ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Developing real estate in Kenya today has become a profitable business that is growing day by day. Many Kenyans living in towns and cities buy, build or rent a house. The aim of this project is to create a GIS system that can be used as a tool for those people who want to buy, sell or let their home in a fast, cheap and ...

  4. REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST DALAM KERANGKA HUKUM PASAR MODAL INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Sugarda, Paripurna P

    2017-01-01

    AbstractThe Development of property business investment is entering new era. This can be seen with the new investment, Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT), which can be offered to investor in capital market. The emergence of new investment cause capital needs closely inter-link between property industry and capital market, whereby traditionally, banking industry dominated before. Property market will be more efficient, fair, accountable. It is not only dominated by only some participants/excl...

  5. United States Military Study of the Fourth Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-04

    economy was based more on industry than agriculture . Some of that industry actually used raw cotton from the south to produce finished goods. This was...with Italy and supported by several self serving or simply maligned agreements with other European powers.135 I fear all we have done is to awaken a...Lease Program that assisted Britain in the European theater of war, he was now also marked as a war monger .141 This Fourth Estate shift is most

  6. Probabilidade e Estatística Aplicada à Hidrologia

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Rita Cabral

    2011-01-01

    Esta pubilicação pretende ser um manual de auxilio aos alunos na disciplinas de Hidrologia, Hidrologia Agrícola e Interpretação da Paisagem na área da probabilidade e estatistica aplicada à Hidrologia. Abordam-se temas básicos da teoria da estatística e da probabilidade para depois estes serema aplicados na resolução de problemas ligados à Hidrologia

  7. GLOBAL REAL ESTATE SECTOR. ASPECTS REGARDING INVESTORS AWARENESS

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Dobrescu; Carmen Antoinette Schmidt

    2009-01-01

    The largest market is represented by the USA, with 42 per cent capitalization, followed by Europe and Asia. From the five forces of Porter, two – entrance barriers and competition - are considered to be strong, the rest being perceived as moderate. Factors that differentiate real estate from other sectors are: high competition, high dependency on macro-economical factors, more shares and bonds issued than in other companies, high degree of financial leverage, consistent cash flow. The shares ...

  8. Real Estate Taxation and Local Tax Policies in France

    OpenAIRE

    Bizet, Bernard

    2004-01-01

    Merging -or separating- real estate patrimony taxation and local taxation is still a debate in France. How much of these fiscal resources should be allocated to the State and how much should be channeled to local decision bodies? This research document expresses an overview of the 1994 to 2000 period which saw many changes in local institutions as well as in property taxation of. It aggregates and compares numerous elements which are not yet assembled in the French economy literature. Truly t...

  9. RECENT TRENDS IN CONSTRUCTION AND RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheremisina T. P.

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The composition of the residential real estate and the structure of Russian housing market do not match: primary and secondary markets are supplemented by a considerable in size non-market sector of residential real estate - the stock of dilapidated housing and buildings in a state of emergency that is filling up the secondary market with rapidly growing volume of worn out properties. While the developmental model of entrepreneurship is gradually settling in the primary housing market, and in general the “soviet” model of management (management companies are not that different from the soviet property management agencies is remaining in the secondary market, the non-market sector requires a formulation of an adequate management model that would allow the private and public management of residential real estate at the same time. Mega-project of renovation of the 5-storey buildings in Moscow will support the formation of such a model and the legal grounds for its existence.

  10. Research on the optimization of quota design in real estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Chunling; Ma, Susu; Zhong, Weichao

    2017-11-01

    Quota design is one of the effective methods of cost control in real estate development project and widely used in the current real estate development project to control the engineering construction cost, but quota design have many deficiencies in design process. For this purpose, this paper put forward a method to achieve investment control of real estate development project, which combine quota design and value engineering(VE) at the stage of design. Specifically, it’s an optimizing for the structure of quota design. At first, determine the design limits by investment estimate value, then using VE to carry on initial allocation of design limits and gain the functional target cost, finally, consider the whole life cycle cost (LCC) and operational problem in practical application to finish complex correction for the functional target cost. The improved process can control the project cost more effectively. It not only can control investment in a certain range, but also make the project realize maximum value within investment.

  11. A preliminary framework for corporate real estate sustainable management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauzi Nurul Sahida

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The global warming issue has motivated corporations to go green in their business operations including transforming from conventional real estate to green features real estate. However green CRE is more complex to manage due to a building’s significant impact on environmental, social and economic aspects. Thus the need to have a best practice guide or framework as reference is crucial. Unfortunately, no best practice guidelines on CRE management have been found to be sufficient as much uncertainty still exists on the sustainable performance measurement components. This research aims to explore and then summarize the present sustainable CREM practices and components relating to sustainable performance measurement integrating a sustainable theory that balances environmental, economic and social impacts. These act as indicators to measure the outcomes of the practice in the form of a generic model on sustainability preliminary framework for CRESM. The objectives of this research include identifying corporate real estate sustainable management (CRESM practice and components of sustainable performance measurement. The research uses content analysis method to analyse data gathered from literature and previous studies. The findings will be demonstrated in the form of a framework model on CRESM that will include14 CREM strategies and 15 components derived from analysis.

  12. Neural Networks Modelling of Municipal Real Estate Market Rent Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muczyński Andrzej

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of research on the application of neural networks modelling of municipal real estate market rent rates. The test procedure was based on selected networks trained on the local real estate market data and transformation of the detected dependencies – through established models – to estimate the potential market rent rates of municipal premises. On this basis, the assessment of the adequacy of the actual market rent rates of municipal properties was made. Empirical research was conducted on the local real estate market of the city of Olsztyn in Poland. In order to describe the phenomenon of market rent rates formation an unidirectional three-layer network and a network of radial base was selected. Analyses showed a relatively low degree of convergence of the actual municipal rent rents with potential market rent rates. This degree was strongly varied depending on the type of business ran on the property and its’ social and economic impact. The applied research methodology and the obtained results can be used in order to rationalize municipal property management, including the activation of rental policy.

  13. Intervencionismo estatal e políticas de desenvolvimento na América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Boschi

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa as dinâmicas dos países latino-americanos na última década, cuja característica distintiva é o enfraquecimento da hegemonia neoclássica e uma retomada de trajetórias de intervenção estatal na economia. A análise está centrada nos vetores constitutivos de uma agenda neo-desenvolvimentista e no papel que o Estado deve desempenhar na retomada do crescimento e do desenvolvimento sustentável. Focaliza-se o papel que o regime político e as instituições de governo cumprem no processo econômico, sugerindo-se que não haveria possibilidade de crescimento e desenvolvimento sem um Estado forte. Diferentes trajetórias constituem a base a partir da qual operam um conjunto similar de intervenções delimitando um campo para a atação de novos governos, cujos instrumentos e margens de ação dependerão de um conjunto de características institucionais e de contexto que pautam a governabilidade e, em última análise, a natureza das políticas econômicas.

  14. "Panoramas das literaturas das Américas"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helcías Martán Góngora

    1959-08-01

    Full Text Available De manera poco menos que ignorada pasó entre nosotros el primer volumen del Panorama das Literaturas das Américas, editado por el Municipio de Nova Lisboa, en Angola, a mediados del año de 1958. Es verdad que este libro no fue puesto a la venta en las librerías, pero fue remitido a varios escritores colombianos.

  15. 41 CFR 102-73.15 - What real estate acquisition and related services may Federal agencies provide?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What real estate... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 73-REAL ESTATE ACQUISITION General Provisions § 102-73.15 What real estate... provide real estate acquisition and related services, including leasing (with or without purchase options...

  16. Velika Hoča and the beginning of the church estate in Metohija

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zarković Božidar V.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Immediately after the foundation of the Hilandar, Simeon Nemanja had granted it an estate in the surrounding of Prizren which consisted of nine villages, two vineyards, four apiaries, market place, 170 families of cattlemen (Vlahs and other gains. The centre of that estate was to be found in the village of Gornja (today Velika Hoča. This settlement got the status of market place where goods manufactured at monastery's estate were being sold, and all other goods. The main export-oriented product of this Hilandar's estate was vine. The importance of Hilandar made other Serbian rulers create new monasteries in the surrounding of his estate. Therefore, there are estates of Bishop's Chair of Virgin Ljeviška from Prizren, monastery of St. Archangels, Dečani, and Petar Koriški are being met in this area. It is little known that the monastery of Studenica had its estate at this area as well. The reason for this is the destroyed Monastery's Chart. Based on the other charts we are able to partially reconstruct the estate of this important monastery. The existence of the two most important monasteries' estates in this area including a favourable geographic position made a lot of rulers create church estates here, which gave the whole area the name of Metohija.

  17. Creating real estate maps by using GIS: A case study of Atakum-Samsun/Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faik Ahmet Sesli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Determining the real estate evaluations and reflecting them on taxations are among the most important economic resources of the developed countries. In Turkey, the system is not able to ground the real estate evaluations on scientific criteria yet, which causes various problems in applications regarding real estate evaluations (such as estate tax, expropriation, court surveillances and an important economic loss.Thus, it is required to generate tax-base real estate evaluation maps within the scope of the legal legislation in Turkey. This study aimed to generate a fast, up-to-date and dynamic evaluation map that would form a base for the real estate taxation. The closeness of real estates to the technical infrastructure and social equipment areas and their variety affect the real estate evaluations either positively or negatively and form the local benefit for real estates. This study determined the areas (such as main roads, green spaces, trading areas and urban attraction centers affecting the evaluations of real estates depending on their positions. In order to make position-based decisions about the data being stored in the Geographical Information System, the geographical data were questioned and monitored with analyses. The acquired data were exposed to necessary analyses in the relevant modules of the GIS programs, which enabled us to grade the factors affecting the evaluation for each parcel and try to generate real estate evaluation maps depending on the evaluation-effect factors to be selected as dynamics. Parcel-based real estate evaluations were determined by imposing vector-based cadastral maps on these maps being generated. In this study, a raster real estate evaluation map was generated in unstructured parcels of a sample neighborhood via the scoring method and with the help of the Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Analysis and both environmental and social factors. This system could enable us to question and analyze the features of

  18. Desvelando a Internet das Coisas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Santaella

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo pretende relatar as origens da Internet das Coisas, seu estado de arte e evidenciar seus principais vetores. Para tal, o estudo percorrerá as eras midiáticas de Santaella (2007, p. 179-189, a par da discussão das máquinas de Turing, da arquitetura Von Neumann até chegar à Internet e seu estado atual, implementada nas coisas.

  19. Desvelando a Internet das Coisas

    OpenAIRE

    Lucia Santaella; Adelino Gala; Clayton Policarpo; Ricardo Gazoni

    2013-01-01

    O presente artigo pretende relatar as origens da Internet das Coisas, seu estado de arte e evidenciar seus principais vetores. Para tal, o estudo percorrerá as eras midiáticas de Santaella (2007, p. 179-189), a par da discussão das máquinas de Turing, da arquitetura Von Neumann até chegar à Internet e seu estado atual, implementada nas coisas.

  20. O teste das pirâmides coloridas e o transtorno do pânico

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Elisa de Villemor-Amaral; Flávia Helena Zanetti Farah; Ricardo Primi

    2004-01-01

    Esse estudo visa verificar evidências de validade do Teste das Pirâmides Coloridas de Pfister para diagnóstico de transtorno de pânico. Compuseram a amostra desse estudo 15 pacientes diagnosticados pela SCID como tendo um episódio de transtorno dopânico. Seus resultados foram comparados com os obtidos com um grupo de 109 indivíduos não-pacientes que compõem uma amostra normativa.Os dados mais significativos do ponto de vista estatístico, na comparação com o grupo de não-pacientes, foram relat...

  1. Masalah Permukiman Kota: Permukiman Kumuh, Perumnas, dan Real Estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Sudaryono

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Perumahan sebagai salah satu komponen infrstruktur akan menjadi tema yang sangat penting dalam kerangka baik isue global maupun nasional, terutama dalam kaitannya dengan pembangunan industri pada kota-kota di Indonesia di masa datang. Studi ini akan membahas permasalahan dari tiga tipe deliveri perumahan di Indonesia yang cukup menonjol yakni: 1 pemukiman kumuh, 2 perumnas, dan 3 real estate. Secara singkat dapat dikatakan bahwa munculny pemukiman kumuh di kota-kota di Indonesia dan negara-negara berkembang pada umumnya adalah berakar pada gagapnya kota-kota tersebut dalam menyiasati gelombang global industrialisasi yang dibawa oleh revolusi industri.

  2. Infrastructure of Bulgarian High-Rise Estates: Realities and Hopes

    OpenAIRE

    Kalcheva, Elena; Taki, A. H.; Hadi, Yuri

    2017-01-01

    This chapter studies the quality and characteristics of the infrastructure in several high-rise estates in Sofia, Bulgaria and evaluates to which extend it serves the residents in the tall buildings. Most of the highrises in Sofia and their surroundings were built in the Soviet era so they represent a very old design concept and this is why it is no surprise that the quality of the public realm and the buildings is quite substandard. The spaces around the high-rises lack pub...

  3. Energy-efficient Renovation of a Real Estate in AUSTRIA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korjenic, Azra; Vašková, Anna

    2015-11-01

    An action have cities worldwide, due to urbanization. More than 70 percent of people in Europe live in cities, where 70 percent of the energy consumed. Without adequate measures, a rapidly growing city is at risk in by overloading the infrastructure, threats to water, energy, pollution, logistical bottlenecks and lack of housing. This paper describes an energy-efficient renovation or expansion planning a real estate in Vorarlberg, Austria. The settlement was analysed in more detail here, it involves the city Dornbirn- part Shor. The study investigated how to extend this settlement energy efficient and what feed for factors in the assessment.

  4. Cultura organizacional en una empresa estatal colombiana: estudio de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Diana Marcela Suárez Pachón; María Isabel Parra Triviño; Angie Margarita Herrera Quintana; María Claudia Peralta Gómez

    2013-01-01

    La presente investigación se centra en la descripción de las características de la cultura organizacional de una empresa estatal colombiana, basados en la propuesta teórica de Edgar Schein. Por ello su alcance se restringe a una entidad particular y se presenta como un estudio de caso, en el que se propone un método de indagación de la cultura, que puede ser utilizado para otras investigaciones. El diseño de la investigación es de carácter descriptivo, de corte cualitativo, en el que se utili...

  5. Synthetic real estate: bringing corporate finance to health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varwig, D; Smith, J

    1998-01-01

    The changing landscape of health care has caused hospitals, health care systems, and other health care organizations to look for ways to finance expansions and acquisitions without "tainting" their balance sheets. This search has led health care executives to a financing technique that has been already embraced by Fortune 500 companies for most of this decade and more recently adopted by high-tech companies: synthetic real estate. Select case studies provide examples of the more creative financial structures currently being employed to meet rapidly growing and increasingly complex funding needs.

  6. Unreal Estate and China’s Collective Unconscious

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tong Lam

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available For the photographic series featured in this issue of Cross-Currents—“Unreal Estate and China’s Collective Unconscious”—I have selected a diverse range of ruinous spaces to tell an alternative history of contemporary China’s hysterical transformation. Whereas historical monuments in China are frequently used by the state to symbolize civilizational pride and national humiliation, in order to mobilize the masses to observe their patriotic duty, the ruinous sites I seek to foreground in my photographs are non-places that represent the specter of history...

  7. RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN PRACTICE OF VALUATING MUNICIPAL REAL ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg V. Likhomanov

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The authors analyze the real estate tax system of England, France, Germany, the USA, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Chile, Singapore, the Philippines, and Japan. The following activities are proposed with the aim of creating an effective system of municipal real estate management and improving the quality of local government: to organize the smooth functioning of full and timely accounting of the municipal real estate, the introduction of an automated registry system, including legal, technical, and economic components of records; to develop scientifically based optimal management solutions on the disposal of municipal property, in compliance with the balance of fiscal, investment and socially-oriented objectives in the course of operational management, transfer in use or trust, disposition, use as the authorized capital; to develop the optimal solutions for selecting strategies for achieving maximum economic efficiency and increasing investment attractiveness of municipal property; to exercise effective control over regulatory use of municipal property (especially land resources for its intended purpose; to organize work on reliable cadastral valuation of the property; to provide the state budget institutions for cadastral valuation established in the regions with qualified personnel from among the practicing independent appraisers; to engage independent appraisers for analysis and monitoring of real estate market with the aim of identifying pricing factors and ensuring reliable results, compliant with relevant market data; to completely eliminate the possibility of pressure by officials of local self-government bodies at the state budget institutions for the cadastral valuation to establish the desired orientations of the cadastral value. The authors propose to initiate the introduction of uniform date of establishment of the cadastral value on the territory of the Russian Federation with the aim of providing a

  8. Measuring the Impacts of the Progress of Cities on Real Estate Values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat ATİK

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Investors, companies and people who have savings invest real estate because the expectation of the increasing future value of it. The correctly determination of the real estate value is important. The impact of the development of cities generally is not taken into account to detect the value of real estate. This study aims to determine whether there is a significantly difference in the investment of real estate to the south and west of the cities rather than other parts of that. For this reason, percentage change in real estate value per m2 in the five largest cities of Turkey, is analysed according to geographical location and direction of cities. As a result, the return on real estate investment at the south and west of cities is a significantly difference compared to investment in other parts of those.

  9. Accruing Competitive Advantage from REIT: An Assessment of The Indian Real Estate Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Mohit

    2007-01-01

    The real estate sector in India has assumed a growing importance with the liberalization of the economy. The consequent increase in business opportunities and migration of the labor force has, in turn increased the demand for commercial and housing space. However, lack of funds, poor transparency level, complex and hazy regulations and policies, and lack of financial infrastructure impede the growth of the Indian real estate industry. Moreover, it seems that Indian real estate companies were ...

  10. SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF REAL ESTATE MARKET AS AN OBJECT OF STATISTICAL RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuliya V. Bazhdanova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the peculiarities of development of the residential real estate market of Moscow. Several approaches to the analysis of formation of this economy segment are considered. Foundations and classification of residential real estate are given. A main attention is paid to parameters of assessed value of real estate. The pricing is considered within the frame of the existing tasks and goals.

  11. The price of EU accession An insight into the Bulgarian real estate market

    OpenAIRE

    Rizov, Marian

    2003-01-01

    Accession of Bulgaria to the European Union is expected to result in increases in the prices of all types of real estate, these changes are expected to differ across the segments of the national real estate market. Real estate prices have been infuenced primarily by local demand, government policies and the perception that EU accession is promoting investment. It is likely that prices will further differentiate, the market for office space will stabilize, demand from retail sector will str...

  12. A Qualitative Study of E-Business Adoption in the Real Estate Sector in China

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Y; Ifeanyi, O

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate e-business adoption into real estate agencies in China. This research focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of IT/IS (Information Technology/Information Systems) integration through face to face interviews with property agency managers in Suzhou. Particularly, it looks into the real estate sector in China today and provides implications to improve service quality and stay competitive within local real estate agencies in Suzhou, Chi...

  13. Service Quality Determinants and Effectiveness in the Real Estate Brokerage Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Linda L. Johnson; Michael J. Dotson; B.J. Dunlap

    1988-01-01

    This study provides an analysis of the real estate brokerage industry for the purposes of identifying the determinants of service quality, the level of service quality, and possible service quality improvement measures. Factor analysis of survey response data is used to develop an empirical application of a theoretical service quality model. Except for rank order, real estate service quality determinants are found to match those in other industries. Real estate service quality met expectation...

  14. Sustainability Aspects of Real Estate Development: Lithuanian Case Study of Sports and Entertainment Arenas

    OpenAIRE

    Apanavičienė, Rasa; Daugėlienė, Ala; Baltramonaitis, Tautvydas; Maliene, Vida

    2015-01-01

    The principles of sustainability have become particularly important in the real estate and construction sector over the past decade. Despite extended efforts to evaluate the sustainability aspects of the real estate development, very few attempts have been exposed in the scientific literature pursuing integrating the investors and real estate developers’ responsibility for the local community, regional economy and environmental problems within their financial expectations. The paper presents ...

  15. A Random Walk Down Main Street: Can Experts Predict Returns on Commercial Real Estate?

    OpenAIRE

    David C. Ling

    2005-01-01

    We examine the ability of experts, specifically institutional owners and managers, to predict commercial real estate return performance in major metropolitan markets and on various property types. We find no evidence that the consensus opinions on investment conditions contained in Real Estate Research Corporation?s quarterly Real Estate Investment Survey are useful in forecasting subsequent return performance. In fact, we document that RERC?s surveys are backward looking. The implications of...

  16. Blockchain : A new technology that will transform the real estate market

    OpenAIRE

    Corluka, Denis; Lindh, Ulrika

    2017-01-01

    The overall market is in front of a new technological change, where blockchain is the most probable technology that will be implemented. There are several markets that need a technology that bring more efficiency, safety and transparency into the market, for instance the real estate market. The real estate market is highly important to the overall economy due to its size and devastating consequences if it collapses. A real estate crisis often affect and creates financial crises which in turn ...

  17. Felicidad, suicidio, riqueza y desempeño estatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Mediante una puesta en perspectiva del estudio clásico de Durkheim (1897 sobre el suicidio como síntoma de malestar social y un análisis crítico de la proliferación reciente de índices globales de medición de la felicidad, este artículo propone articular ambas variables (tasa de suicidio y coeficiente de felicidad como indicadores del desempeño estatal en la dimensión del bienestar subjetivo de sus habitantes. Pone además en evidencia el sesgo que ha llevado a excluir estos dos parámetros, al igual que el impacto ambiental de los países, de los índices de bajo desempeño estatal existentes debido a que los Estados más ricos, “centros de producción” donde se construyen estas tablas comparativas, no son necesariamente los más felices y presentan tasas relativamente altas de muerte voluntaria. El Happy Planet Index constituye una notable excepción a esta tendencia, pero su metodología resulta insatisfactoria. La religiosidad, las instituciones políticas y la economía en sus tres dimensiones: riqueza, pobreza y desigualdad, están presentes en la reflexión como factores de felicidad pero se les matiza para evitar caer en determinismos.

  18. Felicidad, suicidio, riqueza y desempeño estatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Flórez Ruiz

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Mediante una puesta en perspectiva del estudio clásico de Durkheim (1897 sobre el suicidio como síntoma de malestar social y un análisis crítico de la proliferación reciente de índices globales de medición de la felicidad, este artículo propone articular ambas variables (tasa de suicidio y coeficiente de felicidad como indicadores del desempeño estatal en la dimensión del bienestar subjetivo de sus habitantes. Pone además en evidencia el sesgo que ha llevado a excluir estos dos parámetros, al igual que el impacto ambiental de los países, de los índices de bajo desempeño estatal existentes debido a que los Estados más ricos, “centros de producción” donde se construyen estas tablas comparativas, no son necesariamente los más felices y presentan tasas relativamente altas de muerte voluntaria. El Happy Planet Index constituye una notable excepción a esta tendencia, pero su metodología resulta insatisfactoria. La religiosidad, las instituciones políticas y la economía en sus tres dimensiones: riqueza, pobreza y desigualdad, están presentes en la reflexión como factores de felicidad pero se les matiza para evitar caer en determinismos.

  19. The incorporation of sustainability into the real estate investment portfolio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baas, L.

    2013-06-15

    This graduation report describes the findings of a research in the area of Real Estate Management, section Building Economics. The subject of the research relates to the added value of sustainable offices in the real estate investment portfolio. The question which is leading throughout this report is whether the extent of sustainability influences the financial performance of office buildings in the Netherlands. But on which grounds are these assumptions made? The gathered information compares actual energy consumption in relation to theoretical knowledge of a governmental regulated energy performance scheme. To find an accurate answer a quantitative research has been conducted at a sustainability-driven organization, the Dutch Green Building Council (in short: DGBC). An extensive literature review provided the author with a solid background to investigate the relation of financial performance compared to sustainability features. This knowledge enabled him to define a hedonic pricing model and thus to look into financial benefits of better performing assets. This model is used to highlight significant locational, asset-related and sustainable features that act as predictors for offices. Especially the degree of sustainability comes to mind when this data is compared with actual consumption instead of theoretically defined through a standardized calculation. This resulted into recommendations and eventually discussions gathered at the end of this report. This report aims not only on the change of one's mind about the importance of sustainability but also on the added value of information flows for operational management.

  20. China and the Fifth Estate: Net Delusion or Democratic Potential?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William H. Dutton

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Arguably, liberal democratic societies are seeing the emergence of a ‘Fifth Estate’ that is being enabled by the Internet. This new organizational form is comparable to, but potentially more powerful than, the Fourth Estate, which developed as a significant force in an earlier period with an independent press and other mass media. While the significance of the press and the Internet to democratic governance is questioned in all societies, there is particular skepticism of their relevance outside the most liberal democratic regimes, which have a relatively free press and more pluralistic political systems, such as in North America and West Europe. Nevertheless, there have been vivid examples of where networked individuals have appeared to assert greater communicative power in the politics of governance, the media and everyday life, even in non-liberal democratic regimes, such as Hong Kong, and in some cases, China. This potential points to the need for more systematic empirical research in a wider variety of economic and political settings worldwide, particularly in states in which the Internet might offer a potential for more democratic governance and greater accountability of government controlled media. This paper examines cases in which networked individuals in China used the Internet to hold governmental and press institutions more accountable. The cases provide support for the relevance of the Fifth Estate concept in China, and also illuminates the process – showing how the Internet can be used to empower networked individuals in more autocratic regimes.

  1. MyDas, an extensible Java DAS server.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salazar, Gustavo A; García, Leyla J; Jones, Philip; Jimenez, Rafael C; Quinn, Antony F; Jenkinson, Andrew M; Mulder, Nicola; Martin, Maria; Hunter, Sarah; Hermjakob, Henning

    2012-01-01

    A large number of diverse, complex, and distributed data resources are currently available in the Bioinformatics domain. The pace of discovery and the diversity of information means that centralised reference databases like UniProt and Ensembl cannot integrate all potentially relevant information sources. From a user perspective however, centralised access to all relevant information concerning a specific query is essential. The Distributed Annotation System (DAS) defines a communication protocol to exchange annotations on genomic and protein sequences; this standardisation enables clients to retrieve data from a myriad of sources, thus offering centralised access to end-users.We introduce MyDas, a web server that facilitates the publishing of biological annotations according to the DAS specification. It deals with the common functionality requirements of making data available, while also providing an extension mechanism in order to implement the specifics of data store interaction. MyDas allows the user to define where the required information is located along with its structure, and is then responsible for the communication protocol details.

  2. MyDas, an extensible Java DAS server.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo A Salazar

    Full Text Available A large number of diverse, complex, and distributed data resources are currently available in the Bioinformatics domain. The pace of discovery and the diversity of information means that centralised reference databases like UniProt and Ensembl cannot integrate all potentially relevant information sources. From a user perspective however, centralised access to all relevant information concerning a specific query is essential. The Distributed Annotation System (DAS defines a communication protocol to exchange annotations on genomic and protein sequences; this standardisation enables clients to retrieve data from a myriad of sources, thus offering centralised access to end-users.We introduce MyDas, a web server that facilitates the publishing of biological annotations according to the DAS specification. It deals with the common functionality requirements of making data available, while also providing an extension mechanism in order to implement the specifics of data store interaction. MyDas allows the user to define where the required information is located along with its structure, and is then responsible for the communication protocol details.

  3. Sismologia das estrelas ZZ Ceti

    OpenAIRE

    Bárbara Garcia Castanheira

    2007-01-01

    Anãs brancas são o final evolutivo de quase 98% de todas as estrelas. O objetivo desta tese foi determinar a estrutura interna das estrelas ZZ Cetis, anãs brancas pulsantes com atmosfera de hidrogênio. Nossa primeira tarefa foi a descoberta, junto com nossos colaboradores, de 43 novas variáveis, 1/3 de todas as ZZ Cetis conhecidas. Na seqüência, nós demonstramos observacionalmente que a faixa de instabilidade é muito provavelmente um estágio evolucionário da vida das estrelas, ou seja, todas ...

  4. THE ANALYSIS OF THE REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS IN THE CURRENT ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hristea Anca Maria

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Real estate investments are one of the most attractive business opportunities in the context of the contemporary economy, generally marked by economic recession and especially by monetary and financial instability. Last years international reporting concluded that deepening the global economic crisis determined an increase of the real estate request, while despite all expectations one did not assist a crash of the prices. Economic reality showed that real estate assets value (buildings, land kept proportions with economic reality over time. A comparison between stock exchange market and the real estate market shows that while an movables investor (investments in stocks, bonds or life insurance might lose completely his initial investment, the investments in real estate assets, such as buildings, would keep their quality as goods and would also keep a value to better resist shocks and thus allowing an increase of the capital. When appreciating the value of an investment the first things to analyze are the return, liquidity and risk criteria, which are essential in real estate investments too. Stimulating real estate market must be not only a wish but also a reality of global economy, since it can correct many of the aggregated indicators of a country. Containing scientifically detached from economic practice, this article is addressed to readers with interests in real estate investment. The language is usually referred particularly to the qualitative side of the real estate market approach. The feasibility of the real estate investments is being conditioned by their capacity to generate important profits, on the background of the reduction of the duration of recovery of their value. The economic instability from the last couple of years has generated fears and failures but, paraphrasing Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, courage is a mixture of genius, magic and power that helps us succeed in everything we set our mind to. The investments on the real

  5. Fóruns das licenciaturas em universidades brasileiras: Construindo alternativas para a formação inicial de professores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marques Carlos Alberto

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as atuais políticas governamentais para a educação brasileira e suas implicações no campo político e pedagógico da formação docente. São apresentados alguns dados estatísticos gerais sobre o ensino superior brasileiro e sobre as licenciaturas, buscando relacioná-los às metas governamentais e às orientações das agências internacionais de fomento, particularmente do Banco Mundial. Por fim, os fóruns das licenciaturas das universidades brasileiras são apresentados como uma estratégia para construção de alternativas para a formação inicial de professores.

  6. Tecnologias Da Administração E Perenidade Das Micro E Pequenas Empresas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilmar Polary Pereira

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available O artigo, que teve como objetivo analisar as contribuições das Tecnologias da Administração, dentre elas a Gestão por Sustentabilidade Integrada, na perenidade das micro e pequenas empresas, investigou, com base na literatura e na pesquisa de campo, “de que forma as Tecnologias da Administração podem contribuir com a perenidade das micro e pequenas empresas industriais e de prestação de serviços da amostra”? Como método, os dados foram extraídos das fontes secundárias. No campo, o universo foi de 1.700 empresas industriais e 15.112 de prestação de serviços, em 170 municípios, com amostra aleatória estratificada proporcional, considerando cada categoria econômica do Produto Interno Bruto. Na investigação, a técnica utilizada foi o questionário e os dados receberam tratamento estatístico, com análise das variáveis, componentes e dimensões das Tecnologias da Administração, análise de variância e teste de correlação. Nos resultados e conclusões, sugere que as Tecnologias da Administração favorecem a perenidade das empresas industriais e de prestação de serviços da amostra.

  7. FROM RESIDENTIAL TOURISM TO TOURIST REAL ESTATE COMPLEXES: THE APPROPRIATION OF THE COASTAL ZONE IN THE NORTHEAST OF BRAZIL BY TOURIST REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Plínio Guimarães de; MATIAS, ESDRAS MATHEUS; SELVA, VANICE SANTIAGO FRAGOSO

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Through the time, tourism has suffered changes in its different ways of migration. In the past century, in the 1970's, a new type of tourism strengthened, mainly in Spain, which was named tourism of second homes. In Brazil, associated with traditional tourism, this residential tourism was consolidated in the Northeast Coast, from the 1990's, giving rise to the tourist real estate complex. In this context, this research aimed at mapping these tourist real estate complex and discussing...

  8. Análise Estatística e Atuarial do Mercado de Seguro DPVAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipe Coelho de Lima Duarte

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O seguro analisado pelo presente estudo, o DPVAT, foi criado em 1974 para proteger vítimas de Danos Pessoais Causados por Veículos Automotores de Via Terrestre. Objetivou-se nesse trabalho analisar o mercado brasileiro do seguro DPVAT sob a ótica da Modelagem Estatística e Atuarial, com base nos dados mensais de janeiro de 2002 a dezembro de 2014. Para isso, foram utilizados índices de análise de mercado securitário, tais quais coeficientes de penetração e densidade; um modelo de série temporal Holt-Winters para prever as variáveis “Prêmio” e “Sinistro” e para determinar o Prêmio Agregado segundo a formulação do Modelo de Risco Coletivo Anual. Os resultados obtidos demonstram que o crescimento econômico teve relação com o crescimento do Seguro DPVAT, apesar do problema relativo às suas diversas categorias. Em relação à modelagem Holt-Winters, o modelo Multiplicativo se ajustou melhor às variáveis Prêmio e Sinistro, dado que possuiu menor erro percentual médio das previsões para o ano de 2014. O modelo ajustado para o Sinistro foi melhor que o do Prêmio por causa da inflexão apresentada neste último. Portanto, para a variável Prêmio, acredita-se que modelos de série temporal que captam melhor o efeito da sazonalidade se ajustam melhor aos dados.

  9. Das Gupta, Prof. Chanchal Kumar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1998 Section: General Biology. Das Gupta, Prof. Chanchal Kumar Ph.D. (Calcutta), FNASc, FNA. Date of birth: 9 November 1945. Specialization: Genetic Recombination and Protein Folding Address: EE-72/2, Sector II, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700 091, W.B.. Contact: Residence: (033) 4006 5279. Mobile: 90078 89857

  10. Das Messiasgeheimnis und die Spruchquelle

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    sogleich selbst aufhebt und damit seinen Tod provoziert (Mk 14:61-64; vgl. schon Mk 10:6). Markus 14:61-64, nicht Markus 9:9 ist der wahre. Schlüsseltext der Messiasgeheimnistheorie.2 Offensichtlich geht Markus davon aus, dass das Geheimnis der Person Jesus so lange gewahrt bleiben musste, wie Jesus öffentlich im ...

  11. 78 FR 46805 - Certain Transfers of Property to Regulated Investment Companies [RICs] and Real Estate Investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BI84 Certain Transfers of Property to Regulated Investment Companies and Real Estate Investment Trusts AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Final... to a Regulated Investment Company (RIC) or a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT). These regulations...

  12. 77 FR 22516 - Certain Transfers of Property to Regulated Investment Companies [RICs] and Real Estate Investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-16

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BI84 Certain Transfers of Property to Regulated Investment Companies and Real Estate Investment Trusts AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice... transfers of property from a C corporation to a Regulated Investment Company (RIC) or a Real Estate...

  13. Forest values and the impact of the federal estate tax on family forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenton J. Dickinson; Brett J. Butler; Michael A. Kilgore; Paul Catanzaro; John Greene; Jaketon H. Hewes; David Kittredge; Mary. Tyrrell

    2012-01-01

    Previous research has suggested that heirs to family forest land may sell timber and/or land in order to pay state and/or federal estate taxes, which could result in land use conversion or other adverse ecological impacts. We estimated the number of Minnesota family forest landowners and the associated acreage that could be subject to estate taxes at various exemption...

  14. Big Data in Real Estate? From Manual Appraisal to Automated Valuation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kok, Nils; Koponen, Eija-Leena; Martínez-Barbosa, Carmen

    2017-01-01

    Real estate is the third-largest asset class for institutional investors, but determining the value of commercial real estate assets remains elusively hard. In this article, the authors provide a practical application of big data by employing a unique set of data on U.S. multifamily assets, in

  15. Real Estate Course Outlines--Principles, Appraisal, Finance, Law, Math, Property Management, Investments, Marketing, Brokerage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Robert

    This series of course outlines was developed by the Texas Real Estate Research Center to help instructors in developing courses in compliance with the Texas Real Estate License Act Section 7(a). The outlines are general in nature and designed to serve as the basis for the development of a comprehensive course outline based on the texts and…

  16. 7 CFR 767.153 - Sale of real estate inventory property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sale of real estate inventory property. 767.153 Section 767.153 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY....153 Sale of real estate inventory property. (a) Pricing. (1) The Agency will advertise property for...

  17. 7 CFR 765.401 - Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security. 765.401 Section 765.401 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM... Security and Assumption of Debt § 765.401 Conditions for transfer of real estate and chattel security. (a...

  18. 17 CFR 210.8-06 - Real estate operations acquired or to be acquired.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate operations acquired or to be acquired. 210.8-06 Section 210.8-06 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND... Statements of Smaller Reporting Companies § 210.8-06 Real estate operations acquired or to be acquired. If...

  19. 76 FR 39341 - Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK21 Encouraging New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate... to encourage non-real estate investments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Julie Hanlon-Bolton, (202...

  20. 7 CFR 1955.111 - Sale of real estate for RH purposes (housing).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Sale of real estate for RH purposes (housing). 1955.111 Section 1955.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL... Inventory Property Rural Housing (rh) Real Property § 1955.111 Sale of real estate for RH purposes (housing...

  1. 78 FR 2483 - Ohio Terminal Railway Company-Operation Exemption-Hannibal Real Estate, LLC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Ohio Terminal Railway Company--Operation Exemption--Hannibal Real Estate, LLC...), pursuant to an operating agreement with Hannibal Real Estate, LLC (Hannibal). \\1\\ OTRC is a wholly owned...

  2. 26 CFR 1.822-2 - Real estate owned and occupied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Real estate owned and occupied. 1.822-2 Section... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-2 Real estate owned and occupied. The limitation in section 822(d)(1) on the amount allowable as a deduction for taxes, expenses, and depreciation upon or with respect to any real...

  3. 17 CFR 210.3-15 - Special provisions as to real estate investment trusts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Financial Statements § 210.3-15 Special provisions as to real estate investment trusts. (a)(1) The income... real estate investment trust under applicable provisions of the Internal Revenue Code as amended shall... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special provisions as to real...

  4. Towards phronetic knowledge for strategic planning in corporate real estate management: A real options approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Reedt Dortland, Maartje; Voordijk, Johannes T.; Dewulf, Geert P.M.R.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this paper is to provide insights about the potential of real option thinking for corporate real estate management (CREM) from the owner-user perspective. A promising approach to classifying and evaluating flexibility in real estate is the real options approach. Most

  5. MODERN TENDENCIES IN THE FIELD OF THE COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.Chubuk

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The advantages of owners, got from the use of services of professional real estate management, are exposed. The spheres of most distribution of professional services of real estate management, their progress trends, prevailing form of organization of mutual relations between the owner of the real estate and managing company, special terms of payments for services are revealed. The range of management services and specific criteria of a choice of management companies in domestic practice are exposed, the rating of the leading companies in the market of complex services of commercial real estate management in Ukraine is given. Dynamics of the indicators, characterizing a condition of the market and efficiency of using of commercial real estate in Kiev for the period before and after financial and economic crisis, is illustrated. Reasons that limits possibilities of strategic real estate management in a long-term prospect are examines. The comparative analysis of attractiveness of basic sectors of the Ukrainian commercial property market (office, trade, ware-house real estate is conducted from positions of investing and professional management. There is proved that perspective of investments in the ware-house (industrial real estate is reasonable.

  6. Spatio-temporal aspects of gated residential security estates in non-metropolitan Western Cape

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Spocter, M

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available non-metropolitan gated residential security estates. While the locational and temporal aspects of non-metropolitan gated residential security estates in the Western Cape Province are discussed in this paper, there remain a number of avenues for further...

  7. Real Estate Site Selection: An Application of Artificial Intelligence for Military Retail Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    greater networks. 56 Source: Felicity George’s Hybrid Genetic Algorithms with Immunisation to Optimise Networks of Car Dealerships from the...Estate Executives. The Journal of Real Estate Research, Jul-Oct 2001, 22, 153-164. George, F. (1994) Hybrid Genetic Algorithms with Immunisation to

  8. Utilizing 3D building and 3D cadastre geometries for better valuation of existing real estate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Isikdag, U.; Horhammer, M.; Zlatanova, S.; Kathmann, R.; Van Oosterom, P.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Valuation of the properties is known as real estate appraisal, property valuation or land valuation and is a process which focuses on determining the value of a building or a land lot. The valuation of each real estate is required prior to any transaction as every property is unique in terms of

  9. 76 FR 39343 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK04 New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments... markets tax credit program to facilitate and encourage investments in non-real estate businesses in low...

  10. 76 FR 77454 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments; Hearing Cancellation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BF80 New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments... rulemaking providing guidance on which costs incurred by estates or trusts other than grantor trusts (non...

  11. Geoinformatic subsystem for real estate market analysis). (Polish Title: Podsystem geoinformatyczny do analizy rynku nieruchomosci)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basista, A.

    2013-12-01

    There are many tools to manage spatial data. They called Geographic Information System (GIS), which apart from data visualization in space, let users make various spatial analysis. Thanks to them, it is possible to obtain more, essential information for real estate market analysis. Many scientific research present GIS exploitation to future mass valuation, because it is necessary to use advanced tools to manage such a huge real estates' data sets gathered for mass valuation needs. In practice, appraisers use rarely these tools for single valuation, because there are not many available GIS tools to support real estate valuation. The paper presents the functionality of geoinformatic subsystem, that is used to support real estate market analysis and real estate valuation. There are showed a detailed description of the process relied to attributes' inputting into the database and the attributes' values calculation based on the proposed definition of attributes' scales. This work presents also the algorithm of similar properties selection that was implemented within the described subsystem. The main stage of this algorithm is the calculation of the price creative indicator for each real estate, using their attributes' values. The set of properties, chosen in this way, are visualized on the map. The geoinformatic subsystem is used for the un-built real estates and living premises. Geographic Information System software was used to worked out this project. The basic functionality of gvSIG software (open source software) was extended and some extra functions were added to support real estate market analysis.

  12. 26 CFR 1.67-3 - Allocation of expenses by real estate mortgage investment conduits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of expenses by real estate mortgage investment conduits. 1.67-3 Section 1.67-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Gross Income, and Taxable Income § 1.67-3 Allocation of expenses by real estate mortgage investment...

  13. 17 CFR 210.3-14 - Special instructions for real estate operations to be acquired.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... General Instructions As to Financial Statements § 210.3-14 Special instructions for real estate operations... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special instructions for real estate operations to be acquired. 210.3-14 Section 210.3-14 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES...

  14. University Real Estate Development Database: A Database-Driven Internet Research Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiewel, Wim; Kunst, Kara

    2008-01-01

    The University Real Estate Development Database is an Internet resource developed by the University of Baltimore for the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, containing over six hundred cases of university expansion outside of traditional campus boundaries. The University Real Estate Development database is a searchable collection of real estate…

  15. 76 FR 32882 - New Markets Tax Credit Non-Real Estate Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... dollars invested in qualified active low-income community businesses were invested in non-real estate...) re-invest those proceeds into other qualified low-income community investments during the seven-year... equipment loans to non-real estate businesses because these loans are ordinarily amortizing loans with a...

  16. Real estate added value and decision-making in hospital infrastructure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Zwart, J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the concept of adding value to corporate performance by real estate, and how this concept could be applied in decision-making processes for new hospital infrastructure. A literature review forms the starting point for interviews carried out with hospitals‘ CEOs on how real estate

  17. EFFECT OF THE WORLD FINANCIAL CRISIS ON REAL ESTATE MARKET IN TERMS OF POLAND AND UKRAINE

    OpenAIRE

    JANUSZ RYBAK; VALENTINA SHAPOVAL

    2010-01-01

    The article studies the world financial crisis effect on real estate markets in Poland and Ukraine. It will help to deepen learning laws and peculiarities of real estate markets performance in the countries and to develop events which foster both stabilizing and their future progress.

  18. Controle estatístico de processo univariado: monitoramento da produção de comprimidos de dipirona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ÁDLEY ANTONINI NEVES DE LIMA

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Investigou-se, através de histogramas e cartas de controle X e S, a ferramenta do Controle Estatístico de Processo (CEP univariado e os parâmetros físicos dureza, peso médio e friabilidade da produção de dez lotes de dipirona sódica comprimidos. Por sua complexidade e influência no processo, a etapa de granulação de cada lote foi concomitantemente caracterizada através de determinações de densidade bruta, densidade compactada, índice de compressibilidade e fator de Hausner, além dos ângulos de repouso, tempos de escoamento e repartições granulométricas. As caracterizações dos granulados serviram como base na investigação da possível influência da etapa de granulação como uma das prováveis causas que poderiam levar o processo a se apresentar fora de controle estatístico. Os resultados da caracterização indicaram certa uniformidade entre os granulados, o que pode significar que não há ligação aparente entre a etapa de granulação e a falta de controle estatístico do processo, demonstrada na avaliação das cartas de controle. Na medida em que permitiu uma maior compreensão do processo, o CEP univariado mostrou sua importância no monitoramento da produção de comprimidos. Palavras-chave: Controle Estatístico de Processo univariado. Monitoramento da produção. Indústria farmacêutica. Validação. ABSTRACT Univariate Statistical Process Control: monitoring the production of dipyrone tablets In this study, by means of histograms and and s control charts, the production control tool, univariate Statistical Process Control (SPC, was assessed for monitoring the physical variables hardness, weight and friability during the production of ten batches of sodium dipyrone tablets. In view of its complexity and influence on the process, the granulation step was concurrently characterized by determining the gross density, compacted density, compressibility index and Hausner factor, plus the angle of repose, flow time

  19. ANALYSIS OF PRICE BUBBLES ON THE CZECH REAL ESTATE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gevorgyan Kristine

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This thesis deals with the issue of price bubbles on the Czech real estate market. The theoretical part explains the price bubble in terms of behavioural finance, and describes the relationship between monetary policy and asset prices from the perspective of the Austrian school and representatives of traditional economics. In the empirical part, it presents ways of identifying bubbles on the property market using relative indicators and econometric models. By means of econometric methods, this thesis analyses specific factors that influence housing prices in the Czech Republic. It puts a particular emphasis on the impact of interest rates on asset prices, because low inflation and expansionary monetary policy can create conditions for the formation of price bubbles.

  20. Lo público, lo estatal y la democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Iazzetta

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available La calidad de lo público no resulta indistinta para juzgar la calidad de una democracia, pues la vitalidad y diversidad de aquel espacio delimita sus posibilidades de despliegue y profundización. Sin embargo, lo público se nutre tanto de la energía proveniente de la asociatividad, participación, deliberación y auto-organización de la sociedad civil, como de la universalidad que el Estado debe asegurar para tornar efectiva la promesa democrática. En esa zona confluyen por consiguiente, energías provenientes de lo público-social como de lo público-estatal. Sin desconocer esa complejidad, en este trabajo nos centraremos en este último aspecto, entendiendo esta elección como una vía de entrada –entre otras posibles– para reflexionar sobre algunas tareas democráticas pendientes.

  1. The digitization of the Wundt estate at Leipzig University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Till; Mädebach, Andreas; Schröger, Erich

    2017-08-01

    Wilhelm M. Wundt (1832-1920) was one of the most important German scholars of the 19th and early 20th centuries and famously founded the first institute for experimental psychology in Leipzig in 1879. Wundt's institute established a teaching and research facility that attracted a large number of students from all over the world and contributed greatly to the development of modern psychology. Until now, the relatively poor indexing and documentation as well as the difficulty in accessing the Wundt estate has prevented a widespread and comprehensive investigation and consideration of these documents. The digitization project described in this article has rectified these problems and will hopefully provide a valuable source for students and researchers interested in Wundt's work. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  2. PROBLEMS OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT WITHIN A REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriy A. Bryksin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes problems of organization management within a real estate development, the analysis of this problems and the methods of its solution based on the Balanced Scorecard. In present unsteady conditions of business development, commercial activity faces a number of problems. The main types are: the problem of lack of funding, the problem of the growth of a company, the company’s management problem, the problem of business processes, and the problem of the decision-making. As a method to solve the problems is proposed an introduction of the balanced scorecard (BSC, which allows accurately feel the slightest changes in the company, deviation from the planned strategies and adjust the direction of the motion during the life of the company.

  3. Historic town centre management - The real estate industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciubotaru Mihai

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In modern times, many of the socio-economic aspects of our lives (beside the classical understanding of the term industry “evolved(?” into industries: music, arts in general, sports, education, health....have become professionally managed industries. Historical town centres provide goods and services and, in this context, can be regarded as industries, as a whole. All the elements of an industry can be identified in these complex “places”: provision of goods and services, human resources issues, technology, marketing, regulatory and legal aspects, management...all of which pointing towards an approach that needs to be looked at as such. The most important industry in hist oric town centres is the real estate industry.

  4. La emergencia del ambientalismo estatal y social en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo A. Gutiérrez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available La primera agencia ambiental estatal fue tempranamente creada en Argentina con el retorno a la democracia en 1973 y tras la Conferencia de Estocolmo de 1972. No obstante, la creación de instituciones estatales ambientales ha distado de ser incremental y sólo comenzó a ganar vigor en la década de 1990. Simultáneamente, las organizaciones sociales ambientalistas emergieron en sucesivas oleadas desde mediados de los años 1960 hasta nuestros días. Este trabajo reconstruye el surgimiento de las instituciones ambientales y la forma en que los actores estatales y sociales han interactuado a lo largo del proceso. Argumentaremos que el ambientalismo social y la creación de instituciones estatales ambientales recorrieron caminos paralelos y no tuvieron mayor contacto hasta el nuevo milenio, cuando un nuevo tipo de ambientalismo social logró impactar en la agenda gubernamental a partir de una serie de conflictos ambientales. Argumentaremos, también, que el recorrido del ambientalismo estatal y social en Argentina debe entenderse a la luz de la influencia internacional (tanto ideológico-normativa como financiera y de la dinámica del régimen político. Respecto de esta última, mostraremos que tanto el cambio de régimen como cambios institucionales dentro del régimen fueron favorables al desarrollo de una agenda pública ambiental y de su encuentro con la agenda gubernamental.

  5. Indoor 3D Route Modeling Based On Estate Spatial Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, H.; Wen, Y.; Jiang, J.; Huang, W.

    2014-04-01

    Indoor three-dimensional route model is essential for space intelligence navigation and emergency evacuation. This paper is motivated by the need of constructing indoor route model automatically and as far as possible. By comparing existing building data sources, this paper firstly explained the reason why the estate spatial management data is chosen as the data source. Then, an applicable method of construction three-dimensional route model in a building is introduced by establishing the mapping relationship between geographic entities and their topological expression. This data model is a weighted graph consist of "node" and "path" to express the spatial relationship and topological structure of a building components. The whole process of modelling internal space of a building is addressed by two key steps: (1) each single floor route model is constructed, including path extraction of corridor using Delaunay triangulation algorithm with constrained edge, fusion of room nodes into the path; (2) the single floor route model is connected with stairs and elevators and the multi-floor route model is eventually generated. In order to validate the method in this paper, a shopping mall called "Longjiang New City Plaza" in Nanjing is chosen as a case of study. And the whole building space is constructed according to the modelling method above. By integrating of existing path finding algorithm, the usability of this modelling method is verified, which shows the indoor three-dimensional route modelling method based on estate spatial data in this paper can support indoor route planning and evacuation route design very well.

  6. Istanbul Finance Center Project and Its Effect on Regional Real Estate Prices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suat Teker

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The region called Istanbul West Atasehir neighbourhood is planned to be the area where Istanbul Finance Center Project is settled. It is expected that the underlying project will strongly affect the real estate prices in the neigbouring areas. Therefore, it would be a valuable information for investors who are planning to invest in real estates relating to the Istanbul Finance Center Project. By the theory of Huff’s the attractiveness of a location is strongly related to the distance. In order to determine the expected future increases in real estate prices for the neighbouring locations, a number of regional experienced real estate agents was inteviewed. Moreover, the factors that are expected to influence the real estate prices are identified and ranked by their significancy levels.

  7. 75 FR 62412 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Good Neighbor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD- Owned Real Estate-Good Neighbor Next Door... following information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate-Good Neighbor Next Door Program. OMB Control...

  8. 75 FR 62413 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD-Owned Real Estate-Dollar Home...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; HUD- Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales... also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Dollar Home Sales...

  9. O Controle Externo das Obras Públicas: Um Panorama Sobre os Principais Aspectos Relacionados ao Tema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glinton José Bezerra de Carvalho Ferreira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O forte avanço das obras públicas nos dias atuais se constitui em elemento propulsor da economia nacional, contribuindo para o desenvolvimento da infraestrutura e favorecendo o crescimento do país. Na contramão da história, permanecemos ainda contaminados pela ganância de alguns gestores, que se utilizam indevidamente do poder publico para a satisfação de interesses particulares, quando deveriam administrar buscando a proteção do patrimônio publico e do interesse social, haja vista estar sob a responsabilidade coletiva o pagamento dos tributos que garantem a receita estatal. Os mecanismos de controle surgem como uma das esperanças da sociedade para manter a predominância do interesse publico sobre o particular. No âmbito do controle externo, os Tribunais de Contas começam a ganhar maior notoriedade e respeito social, em razão do trabalho técnico, ético e fundamentado com que avaliam os atos dos gestores concernentes aos dispêndios públicos realizados, em especial no que se refere as obras públicas, em razão das vultosas cifras aplicadas. Neste contexto, o presente trabalho pretende mostrar um panorama dos principais aspectos relacionados a atuação do controle externo na fiscalização das obras públicas.

  10. Exa mining The Measurement Methods of Investment Properties of Real Estate Investment Trusts According to Turkish Accounting Standard 40: Investment Properties Standard

    OpenAIRE

    Emine Çına Bal

    2015-01-01

    Recently, the real estate industry has developed rapidly in Turkey. As an investment tool,investment in real estate became essential. Within the framework of the Capital Markets Law, organized by the Capital Markets Board of Turkey real estate investment trusts, real estate, real estate-based projects, and real estate capital market instruments by investing in a portfolio management company operating in the specific type. In this study, measurement m...

  11. Das Wörterbuch als Grammatik?

    OpenAIRE

    Wellmann, Hans

    1996-01-01

    Das Wörterbuch als Grammatik? - In: Das Lernerwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache in der Diskussion / hrsg. von Irmhild Barz ... - Heidelberg : Winter, 1996. - S. 219-241. - (Sprache - Literatur und Geschichte ; 12)

  12. 41 CFR 102-72.30 - What are the different types of delegations related to real estate leasing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... types of delegations related to real estate leasing? 102-72.30 Section 102-72.30 Public Contracts and... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 72-DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY Delegation of Authority § 102-72.30 What are the different types of delegations related to real estate leasing? Delegations related to real estate leasing...

  13. 26 CFR 1.858-1 - Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.858-1 Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year. (a) General rule...

  14. 12 CFR 617.7620 - What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate at a public auction? 617.7620 Section 617.7620 Banks and... What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate at a public auction? System institutions electing to sell or lease acquired agricultural real estate or a...

  15. 26 CFR 55.4981-2 - Imposition of excise tax with respect to certain undistributed income of real estate investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... certain undistributed income of real estate investment trusts; calendar years beginning after December 31... (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES (CONTINUED) EXCISE TAX ON REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS AND REGULATED INVESTMENT COMPANIES Excise Tax on Real Estate Investment Trusts § 55.4981-2 Imposition of excise tax with...

  16. 26 CFR 5.856-1 - Extensions of the grace period for foreclosure property by a real estate investment trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... property by a real estate investment trust. 5.856-1 Section 5.856-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... real estate investment trust. (a) In general. Under section 856(e), a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) may elect to treat as foreclosure property certain real property (including interests in real...

  17. 5 CFR 6701.104 - Prohibited purchases of real estate by certain GSA employees involved in the acquisition or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prohibited purchases of real estate by certain GSA employees involved in the acquisition or disposal of real estate. 6701.104 Section 6701.104... OF THE GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION § 6701.104 Prohibited purchases of real estate by certain GSA...

  18. 75 FR 44006 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB, HUD-Owned Real Estate-Sales...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB, HUD-Owned Real Estate... Department is soliciting public comments on the subject proposal. The respondents are real estate listing...: Title of Proposal: HUD-Owned Real Estate--Sales Contract and Addendums. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0306...

  19. 12 CFR 617.7615 - What should the System institution do when it decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate? 617.7615 Section 617.7615 Banks and Banking FARM... the System institution do when it decides to lease acquired agricultural real estate? (a) Notify the... real estate at a rate equivalent to the appraised rental value of the property. (1) Within 15 days...

  20. 14 CFR 1204.501 - Delegation of authority-to take actions in real estate and related matters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... real estate and related matters. 1204.501 Section 1204.501 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS... Delegation of authority—to take actions in real estate and related matters. (a) Delegation of authority. The... conditions imposed by immediate superiors, to: (1) Prescribe agency real estate policies, procedures, and...

  1. 75 FR 31334 - Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA): Strengthening and Clarifying RESPA's “Required Use...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-03

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3500 RIN 2502-A178 Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA... system of referrals by those in a position to refer settlement business (such as builders, real estate... and costs of real estate settlement services be disclosed in advance to the consumer, and it forbids...

  2. 77 FR 37079 - Versus Capital Multi-Manager Real Estate Income Fund LLC and Versus Capital Advisors; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ...; File No. 812-14008] Versus Capital Multi-Manager Real Estate Income Fund LLC and Versus Capital...-Manager Real Estate Income Fund LLC (``Initial Fund'') and Versus Capital Advisors LLC (``Adviser... to achieve its objectives by investing in funds that invest indirectly in real estate and by...

  3. 12 CFR 617.7610 - What should the System institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate? 617.7610 Section 617.7610 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT... institution do when it decides to sell acquired agricultural real estate? (a) Notify the previous owner, (1) Within 15 days of the System institution's decision to sell acquired agricultural real estate, it must...

  4. 26 CFR 55.4981-1 - Imposition of excise tax on certain real estate investment trust taxable income not distributed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES (CONTINUED) EXCISE TAX ON REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS AND REGULATED INVESTMENT COMPANIES Excise Tax on Real Estate Investment Trusts § 55.4981-1 Imposition of excise tax on certain real estate investment trust taxable income not distributed during the taxable year...

  5. 78 FR 44685 - Amendments to the 2013 Mortgage Rules Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ... the 2013 Mortgage Rules Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X) and the Truth... and 1026 RIN 3170-AA37 Amendments to the 2013 Mortgage Rules Under the Real Estate Settlement... Final Rule), 78 FR 6407 (Jan. 30, 2013). \\2\\ Mortgage Servicing Rules Under the Real Estate Settlement...

  6. 26 CFR 1.67-3T - Allocation of expenses by real estate mortgage investment conduits (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of expenses by real estate mortgage... Income, Adjusted Gross Income, and Taxable Income § 1.67-3T Allocation of expenses by real estate... real estate mortgage investment conduit or REMIC (as defined in section 860D) shall allocate to each of...

  7. 26 CFR 1.6081-7 - Automatic extension of time to file Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit (REMIC) income tax...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Automatic extension of time to file Real Estate... Time for Filing Returns § 1.6081-7 Automatic extension of time to file Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit (REMIC) income tax return. (a) In general. A Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit (REMIC...

  8. 17 CFR 210.12-23 - Mortgage loans on real estate and interest earned on mortgages. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgage loans on real estate... and Content of Schedules § 210.12-23 Mortgage loans on real estate and interest earned on mortgages. 1 Part 1—Mortgage loans on real estate at close of period Column A—List by classification indicated below...

  9. 26 CFR 301.6324-1 - Special liens for estate and gift taxes; personal liability of transferees and others.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... due by the return and of any deficiency in tax found to be due upon review and audit. If the estate... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special liens for estate and gift taxes... ADMINISTRATION Collection General Provisions § 301.6324-1 Special liens for estate and gift taxes; personal...

  10. Psicoterapia das depressões

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidnei Schestatsky

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available Os autores examinam o status atual das psicoterapias no tratamento das depressões, principalmente das quatro formas melhor testadas empiricamente nos últimos 10 anos: psicoterapia interpessoal, psicoterapia cognitiva e comportamental, e psicoterapia psicodinâmica breve. São descritos os principais estudos de eficácia dessas psicoterapias assim como uma revisão metaanalítica sobre o assunto. Conclui-se que já há sólidas evidências de bons resultados nas depressões ambulatoriais e unipolares quando tratadas por intervenções psicossociais, combinadas ou não com farmacoterapia.It is examined the present status of psychotherapeutic treatment of depression, specially the impact of the four types of psychotherapy best empirically tested for the past 10 years: interpersonal therapy, cognitive and behavioral therapies, and brief psychodynamic therapy. Both the main efficacy studies of those therapies as well as a meta-analytic review of their results are described. The conclusion is that there are already strong evidences of good outcome when ambulatorial unipolar depression is treated by psychossocial interventions, alone or in combination with pharmacotherapy.

  11. Tendências temporais e espaciais da qualidade das águas superficiais da sub-bacia do Rio das Velhas, estado de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Laura Cerqueira Trindade

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este artigo apresenta uma análise da tendência temporal e espacial da qualidade das águas superficiais da sub-bacia do Rio das Velhas, inserida na bacia do Rio São Francisco, em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram analisados 16.625 dados coletados no período de 2002 a 2011 pelo programa de monitoramento de qualidade das águas superficiais efetuado pelo Instituto Mineiro de Gestão das Águas (Igam. Testes estatísticos, multivariados e não paramétricos foram utilizados para avaliar 11 variáveis físicas, químicas e microbiológicas de 29 estações de monitoramento. Os resultados das análises de tendência Mann-Kendall/Sazonal de Mann-Kendall sugeriram que a maioria dos cursos d'água da região apresentam valores estáveis das variáveis ao longo do período estudado, com maiores alterações associadas a coliformes termotolerantes, demanda bioquímica de oxigênio (DBO, nitrato e índice de qualidade das águas (IQA, principalmente nas proximidades dos grandes centros urbanos. A análise de Cluster definiu três grandes grupos de estações de monitoramento, agrupadas segundo a qualidade de suas águas, correspondentes aos níveis de alta poluição, poluição moderada e baixa poluição. No entanto, ao longo de toda a sub-bacia, foi observada a degradação da qualidade da água durante o período estudado, principalmente relacionada ao lançamento de esgotos domésticos. Uma importante constatação foi a alteração da qualidade da água no baixo Rio das Velhas, apontada pela tendência de redução do IQA em estações localizadas nessa região, o que merece atenção dos órgãos governamentais para ações de manejo.

  12. Tendências temporais e espaciais da qualidade das águas superficiais da sub-bacia do Rio das Velhas, estado de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Laura Cerqueira Trindade

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este artigo apresenta uma análise da tendência temporal e espacial da qualidade das águas superficiais da sub-bacia do Rio das Velhas, inserida na bacia do Rio São Francisco, em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram analisados 16.625 dados coletados no período de 2002 a 2011 pelo programa de monitoramento de qualidade das águas superficiais efetuado pelo Instituto Mineiro de Gestão das Águas (Igam. Testes estatísticos, multivariados e não paramétricos foram utilizados para avaliar 11 variáveis físicas, químicas e microbiológicas de 29 estações de monitoramento. Os resultados das análises de tendência Mann-Kendall/Sazonal de Mann-Kendall sugeriram que a maioria dos cursos d'água da região apresentam valores estáveis das variáveis ao longo do período estudado, com maiores alterações associadas a coliformes termotolerantes, demanda bioquímica de oxigênio (DBO, nitrato e índice de qualidade das águas (IQA, principalmente nas proximidades dos grandes centros urbanos. A análise de Cluster definiu três grandes grupos de estações de monitoramento, agrupadas segundo a qualidade de suas águas, correspondentes aos níveis de alta poluição, poluição moderada e baixa poluição. No entanto, ao longo de toda a sub-bacia, foi observada a degradação da qualidade da água durante o período estudado, principalmente relacionada ao lançamento de esgotos domésticos. Uma importante constatação foi a alteração da qualidade da água no baixo Rio das Velhas, apontada pela tendência de redução do IQA em estações localizadas nessa região, o que merece atenção dos órgãos governamentais para ações de manejo.

  13. Determination of Aluminium and Physicochemical Parameters in the Palm Oil Estates Water Supply at Johor, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siti Farizwana, M. R.; Mazrura, S.; Zurahanim Fasha, A.; Ahmad Rohi, G.

    2010-01-01

    The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al) and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, and residual chlorine) in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S), the treatment plant outlet (TPO), and at the nearest houses (H1) and the furthest houses (H2) from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90). The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU). Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L). Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems. PMID:21461348

  14. Determination of Aluminium and Physicochemical Parameters in the Palm Oil Estates Water Supply at Johor, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. R. Siti Farizwana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS, turbidity, and residual chlorine in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S, the treatment plant outlet (TPO, and at the nearest houses (H1 and the furthest houses (H2 from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90. The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU. Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L. Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.

  15. Use of Multicriteria Valuation of Spatial Units in a System of Mass Real Estate Valuation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Kuburić

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A model of mass valuation at the national level must be functional, practically applicable, consistent and adaptable to actual conditions and real estate market trends. A consideration of the influence of location on real estate value in a spatial unit, and a description of spatial units with a sufficient number of attributes to determine a connection between the value of these attributes and the average price of real estate in a spatial unit, are important tasks in modelling a system of mass real estate valuation. This paper, based on a test implementation of mass real estate valuation for an area covering a number of municipalities in the Republic of Serbia, offers conclusions on the suitability of the use of a mass valuation method grounded in the principles of logical aggregation and case based reasoning. The values of location characteristics, or factors of spatial unit valuation, were determined in spatial analyses employing GIS, according to an established system of multicriteria valuation. This approach ensures that a model-defined value is not stored as offline data, but that each time such data is needed, it can be determined following the proposed methodology, based on actual, updated data from the databases of official spatial data registries. Prior to this, it is necessary to meet all the required prerequisites, which include the distributed databases of official real estate data registries and other factors needed in the mass valuation procedure. Keywords: real estate valuation; spatial units; multicriteria analysis

  16. REFLEXOS DAS CAPACIDADES MERCADOLÓGICAS NO DESEMPENHO: HOTELARIA EXECUTIVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deosir Flávio Lobo de Castro Júnior

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a relação entre as capacidades mercadológicas e o desempenho dos hotéis executivos em Santa Catarina. Para isto se faz necessário, identificar as variáveis relacionadas as capacidades mercadológicas, observar as variáveis relacionadas ao desempenho na hotelaria executiva e especificar as características do setor da hotelaria executiva. A metodologia empregada na pesquisa foi composta pela abordagem, quantitativo-descritivo, que é o caso da pesquisa descritiva, havendo teste de hipótese, o tipo e estratégia utilizado foi utilizado a survey, o universo e amostra foram os hotéis executivos de Santa Catarina., Após as técnicas estatísticas descritivas de análise do material empírico que foram utilizadas e pela análise multivariada de dados. As conclusões apontam para esta relação e a importância do aumento das capacidades mercadológicas da organização em ambiente dinâmico.

  17. Argus developer in practice real estate development modeling in the real world

    CERN Document Server

    Havard, Tim M

    2014-01-01

    First ""missing manual"" for Argus Developer--case studies show readers how to analyze a development, something Argus manuals don't do. Argus Developer is by far the leading program for real estate developers worldwide The book is an education in real estate finance as well as the program Author teaches seminars and consults with people using the program--back of room sales likely Author has three other books on real estate development Possibility that Argus gets behind the project The book will contain dozens of screenshots

  18. The Evaluation of Unincorporated Areas – Particularities and Perspectives on the Real Estate Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalina Beldiman

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The real estate market in Romania occupies an important position within the national economy, with the results in the real estate field having a significant impact on the determination of the macroeconomic indicators� values. We can consider that within each economy, the real estate market represents a complex sector, due to the high volume of carried out transactions and to the high number of individuals that take part in the carrying out of the transactions. The importance of area evaluation is guaranteed by the high number of its practical applications. The information provided by the evaluator is used by judicial institutions as a basis for various decision making processes.

  19. Organising the unorganised: Role of platform intermediaries in the Indian real estate market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Srinivasan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A large component of the Indian economy is still in the unorganised (or informal sector. The emergence of new intermediaries leveraging the Internet has contributed significantly to organising the hitherto unorganised sector. We discuss the case of the Indian real estate industry and elucidate how Internet-based intermediaries have mitigated the problems associated with the unorganised nature of the industry. The three primary problems associated with the unorganised nature of the industry are adverse selection, moral hazard, and weak contract enforcement. Leaders representing four leading real estate platforms discuss how organising the real estate business as a platform business model helps mitigate these risks.

  20. INVESTMENTS IN THE REAL ESTATE SECTOR. A CASE STUDY ON CENTRAL EASTERN EUROPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arjoca Diana

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the evolution of real estate market in European Union. Romania’s real estate sector passed through significant milestones during the last years – due to economic boom, integration in the European Union and affordable financing. But after the 2007 subprime crisis and the 2010 European sovereign debt crisis new ways of approaching the market have to be designed and implemented. The MnA transactions seem to be an investment driver in Romanian real estate as proven by Immofinanz /Adama Case Study

  1. Analyze the Determinants of Capital Structure for Vietnamese Real Estate Listed Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Nhung Thi Phuong; Nguyen, Lien Phuong; Dang, Hang Thi Thu

    2017-01-01

    This study adopts a two - step system general method of moments (GMM) approach towards investigating the determinants of capital structure for the listed real estate firms on Ho Chi Minh stock exchange (HSX) in Viet Nam from 2010 to 2015. The determinants of capital structure are mixed and different for short-term and long-term indicators. The real estate firms tend to use more debts to finance their investment. Vietnamese real estate firms should focus on balance structure debt due to compli...

  2. Análise de itens de uma prova de raciocínio estatístico Analysis of items of a statistical reasoning test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudette Maria Medeiros Vendramini

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetivou analisar as 18 questões (do tipo múltipla escolha de uma prova sobre conceitos básicos de Estatística pelas teorias clássica e moderna. Participaram 325 universitários, selecionados aleatoriamente das áreas de humanas, exatas e saúde. A análise indicou que a prova é predominantemente unidimensional e que os itens podem ser mais bem ajustados ao modelo de três parâmetros. Os índices de dificuldade, discriminação e correlação bisserial apresentam valores aceitáveis. Sugere-se a inclusão de novos itens na prova, que busquem confiabilidade e validade para o contexto educacional e revelem o raciocínio estatístico de universitários ao ler representações de dados estatísticos.This study aimed at to analyze the 18 questions (of multiple choice type of a test on basic concepts of Statistics for the classic and modern theories. The test was taken by 325 undergraduate students, randomly selected from the areas of Human, Exact and Health Sciences. The analysis indicated that the test has predominantly one dimension and that the items can be better fitting to the model of three parameters. The indexes of difficulty, discrimination and biserial correlation present acceptable values. It is suggested to include new items to the test in order to obtain reliability and validity to use it in the education context and to reveal the statistical reasoning of undergraduate students when dealing with statistical data representation.

  3. Low-energy housing estate 'SUNDAYS'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weiss, W.; Fink, C.; Thuer, A. [AEE - Arbeitsgemeinschaft Erneuerbare Energie, Gleisdorf (Austria)

    2000-07-01

    The low-energy housing estate 'SUNDAYS' was developed with the goal to find a prefabricated building standard with normal cost but very low energy demand. As a demonstration project in Gleisdorf / Styria six terraced houses and one office building were realised. The energy concept includes high insulation standard, passive solar gains by a conservatory and earth to air heat exchanger, active solar gains using thermal collectors and also biomass operating a pellets-boiler. A central waste air ventilator sucks the air out of the rooms and therefore fresh air comes into the conservatory directly or pre-warmed resp. pre-cooled through the earth to air heat exchanger. The remaining space-heating demand is covered by a low-temperature wall- and floor heating system. Results of the first measuring period in the office building showed a total energy demand covered by biomass and electricity of 35 kWh for each m{sup 2} of heated net floor space. (au)

  4. Real estate value prediction using multivariate regression models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjula, R.; Jain, Shubham; Srivastava, Sharad; Rajiv Kher, Pranav

    2017-11-01

    The real estate market is one of the most competitive in terms of pricing and the same tends to vary significantly based on a lot of factors, hence it becomes one of the prime fields to apply the concepts of machine learning to optimize and predict the prices with high accuracy. Therefore in this paper, we present various important features to use while predicting housing prices with good accuracy. We have described regression models, using various features to have lower Residual Sum of Squares error. While using features in a regression model some feature engineering is required for better prediction. Often a set of features (multiple regressions) or polynomial regression (applying a various set of powers in the features) is used for making better model fit. For these models are expected to be susceptible towards over fitting ridge regression is used to reduce it. This paper thus directs to the best application of regression models in addition to other techniques to optimize the result.

  5. Business as Usual: Nobility and Landed Estates in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn Gary

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The majority of European countries which have had an important tradition of manorialism have undergone profound land reforms, redistributing land from large landowners and giving small-scale farmers and the landless legal rights to land ownership, with the exceptions of Sweden and England. This article will outline the particular Swedish case, where large estates have been able to persist largely intact from the Middle Ages through to the current day, and explore possible reasons for Sweden’s failure to develop a substantial land reform. We suggest that while there was not an absolute lack of opportunity for reform, a persistent lack of a critical mass of support has meant a failure of outright revolution, as in the French case, and split incentives from the eighteenth century have prevented successful reform through legislative processes. The barriers to reform have only become stronger with the development of perfect private property rights and of the complexities of European law, and recent Swedish parliamentary outcomes indicate that the case for land reform has expired.

  6. Estereótipos acerca das pessoas idosas em estudantes do ensino superior, no distrito de Bragança

    OpenAIRE

    Magalhães, Carlos Pires

    2010-01-01

    Este estudo procurou investigar a existência de estereótipos acerca das pessoas idosas em estudantes do ensino superior, no distrito de Bragança. Para a sua concepção recorreu-se a metodologias quantitativas. Construiu-se um instrumento de colheita de dados, com base na vasta bibliografia e nos estudos já realizados neste âmbito. A amostra submetida a tratamento estatístico foi de 375 indivíduos. O instrumento revelou uma boa consistência interna. Uma elevada percentagem da amostra concorda c...

  7. Comparison of the DAS28-CRP and DAS28-ESR in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sengul, Ilker; Akcay-Yalbuzdag, Seniz; Ince, Bugra; Goksel-Karatepe, Altinay; Kaya, Taciser

    2015-07-01

    To compare the Disease Activity Score with 28 joint (DAS28) using erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (DAS28-ESR) and DAS28 using C-reactive protein (CRP) (DAS28-CRP) with thresholds validated for DAS28-ESR in Turkish patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The DAS28 data of 112 patients with rheumatoid arthritis followed in a local outpatient clinic were used. First, the correlation between DAS28-CRP and DAS28-ESR and the correlation between their unique components ([0.36 × In (CRP + 1) + 0.96] and [0.70 × In (ESR)]) were analyzed. Second, a Bland-Altman plot was constructed for the evaluation of the level of agreement between DAS28-CRP and DAS28-ESR. Lastly, the agreement between these two methods was analyzed by κ coefficient. Although there was a strong correlation between DAS28-CRP and DAS28-ESR, the correlation between their unique components was fair. Although more than 95% of the point data fall between the upper and lower bounds of the limit of agreement, the percentage error (46%) was higher than the acceptable proportion of 30%. The κ coefficient of agreement between DAS28- ESR and DAS28-CRP with validated thresholds for DAS28-ESR was 0.42, which was close to the lower boundary for moderate agreement. The results of this study demonstrated that there is discordance between DAS28-ESR and DAS28-CRP with the validated thresholds for DAS28-ESR. Using the DAS28-CRP with threshold values validated for DAS28-ESR may lead to errors in the determination of disease activity and therefore may lead to errors in the management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. © 2015 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  8. Pornografie – Was ist das ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinna Rückert

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Die Diskussionen über das kulturelle und mediale Phänomen ‚Pornografie‘ zeichnen sich oft durch Unkenntnis des Betrachtungsgegenstands und definitorischer Ungenauigkeiten aus. Der vorliegende Text benennt Irrtümer und Vorurteile und liefert einen Beitrag zu einer wissenschaftlich nachvollziehbaren Definitionsgrundlage als Basis für weitere Diskussionen. Die nachfolgenden Überlegungen sind eine Kurzzusammenfassung der Dissertation von Corinna Rückert: Frauenpornographie. Pornographie von Frauen für Frauen. Eine kulturwissenschaftliche Studie. Frankfurt am Main 2000.

  9. Das Ozonloch und seine Ursachen

    OpenAIRE

    Dameris, Martin; Peter, Thomas; Schmidt, Ulrich; Zellner, Reinhard

    2007-01-01

    Der Abbau des stratosphärischen Ozons gehört zu den gravierendsten Veränderungen, die die Erdatmosphäre in neuerer Zeit erfahren hat. Seine auffälligste Erscheinung ist das Ozonloch über dem Südpol, bei dem jährlich wiederkehrend im Zeitraum September/Oktober jeweils ca. 40 Millionen Tonnen Ozon verloren gehen. Die Ursachen des Ozonlochs sind eine Kombination von natürlicher meteorologischer Konditionierung und einer durch anthropogene Fluorchlorkohlenwasserstoffe (FCK...

  10. Regulação estatal versus cultura de avaliação institucional? State regulation versus institutional evaluation culture?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdemar Sguissardi

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Este texto visa problematizar a relação entre regulação e controle estatal com avaliação que privilegie a criação e implementação da cultura de avaliação e auto-avaliação institucional. Para tanto, examinam-se a natureza do Estado e da regulação estatal, a concepção de educação superior predominante no seu modelo de expansão, além dos obstáculos para essa relação próprios das IES estatais públicas e privado/mercantis.This work seeks to discuss the relation between regulation and state control with evaluation that privileges the creation and implementation of evaluation and institutional self-evaluation cultures. In order to do so, the nature of the state and of state regulation, the predominant idea of higher education in its model of expansion and the obstacles to this relation are examined.

  11. Modelação estatística dos índices de sinistralidade, aplicados ao setor da construção

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo A. Alves Oliveira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Face ao quadro problemático das estatísticas de sinistralidade e considerando a Segurança na construção uma missão vital e de primordial significado para a sociedade, pretendeu-se com o presente estudo desenvolver modelos matemáticos, com capacidade explicativa do comportamento dos índices de sinistralidade em função de variáveis setoriais e globais como a taxa de desemprego e a taxa de crescimento do PIB de Portugal. Foram utilizados dados oficiais relativos a uma amostra de conveniência composta por 58 empresas do setor da construção, referente ao período de 6 anos. Foi efetuado o tratamento estatístico dos dados e desenhados modelos com base em regressões lineares. No final, dois dos modelos desenvolvidos apresentaram capacidade explicativa. Sendo que nestes aparecem como variáveis relevantes, a taxa de desemprego e os custos de formação por trabalhador. Apesar da capacidade explicativa dos modelos e da possibilidade da sua utilização pelas empresas do setor, como ferramenta potenciadora da Prevenção dos acidentes ocupacionais, é ainda questionada a eventual falta de consistência dos dados e a qualidade da formação ministrada nas empresas.

  12. Time-varying correlations in global real estate markets: A multivariate GARCH with spatial effects approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Huaying; Liu, Zhixue; Weng, Yingliang

    2017-04-01

    The present study applies the multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (MGARCH) with spatial effects approach for the analysis of the time-varying conditional correlations and contagion effects among global real estate markets. A distinguishing feature of the proposed model is that it can simultaneously capture the spatial interactions and the dynamic conditional correlations compared with the traditional MGARCH models. Results reveal that the estimated dynamic conditional correlations have exhibited significant increases during the global financial crisis from 2007 to 2009, thereby suggesting contagion effects among global real estate markets. The analysis further indicates that the returns of the regional real estate markets that are in close geographic and economic proximities exhibit strong co-movement. In addition, evidence of significantly positive leverage effects in global real estate markets is also determined. The findings have significant implications on global portfolio diversification opportunities and risk management practices.

  13. Carrington Real Estate Services, LLC and Carrington Mortgage Services, LLC Information Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrington Real Estate Services, LLC and Carrington Mortgage Services, LLC (the Company) is located in Anaheim, California. The settlement involves the sale of properties constructed prior to 1978, located in Bakersfield and Ridgecrest, California.

  14. De maquiavelo al estado postmoderno. paradigmas politicos de aproximacion al fenomeno estatal

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Florez Ruiz, Jose Fernando

    2012-01-01

    .... A continuacion se explora: 1) el aporte fundamental del derecho y los filosofos politicos de los siglos xvii y xviii en la construccion del imaginario estatal, hasta llegar al modelo de Estado social de derecho; 2...

  15. Uncertainty management in Real Estate Development: Studying the potential of SCRUM design methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blokpoel, S.B.; Reymen, Isabelle; Dewulf, Geert P.M.R.; Sariyildiz, S.; Tuncer, B.

    2005-01-01

    Real estate development is all about assessing and controlling risks and uncertainties. Risk management implies making decisions based on quantified risks to execute riskresponse measures. Uncertainties, on the other hand, cannot be quantified and are therefore unpredictable. In literature, much

  16. Reconstruction of the building history of the Demidovs’ estate “Almazovo” situated near Moscow

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Aksenova, I. V

    2014-01-01

    .... Attracting investments allow preserving ancient buildings in future. The Demidovs’ estate “Sergievskaya dacha” in Almazovo (belonged to the Demidovs, the Ural owners of mines and metallurgical works...

  17. Macroeconomic and Financial Determinants of Comovement across Global Real Estate Security Markets

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Simon Stevenson

    2016-01-01

      While there is a large literature on both diversification and contagion issues across global listed real estate markets, there is only a limited amount of research on the drivers of correlation dynamics...

  18. The global financial crisis: Is there any contagion between real estate and equity markets?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Eddie Chi-man; Chan, Ka Kwan Kevin

    2014-07-01

    This study examines contagion across equity and securitized real estate markets of Hong Kong, US and UK during the global financial crisis by the Forbes-Rigobon, coskewness and cokurtosis tests. In particular, this is the first study to use the cokurtosis test to examine contagion between real estate and equity markets. The results show that the cokurtosis test can detect additional channels of contagion, and hence is a more powerful test. In contrary to Fry et al. (2010), we find that the cokurtosis test shows a highly significant evidence of contagion between the equity and real estate markets in both directions. In particular, the contagion between US's equity and real estate markets is the most significant. This reflects that US is the centre of shock of the global financial crisis.

  19. Tourism turning real estate: how to deal with residential tourism investment in the Global South?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Noorloos, F.

    2014-01-01

    Key points - Incentivising residential tourism and real estate investment in the South [of: in developing countries] may compromise long-term inclusive and sustainable development: shortterm tourism is often preferable from a socioeconomic and environmental point of view. - Specific residential

  20. From reactive to proactive management of the South African healthcare estate

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Jager, Peta

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available has undermined aspirations of equity, access to care and social justice. Furthermore it has been widely acknowledged that much of the public health architecture represents a legacy estate, with poor replacement rates and a generally weak culture...

  1. Impact of systemic risk in the real estate sector on banking return.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shouwei; Pan, Qing; He, Jianmin

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we measure systemic risk in the real estate sector based on contingent claims analysis, and then investigate its impact on banking return. Based on the data in China, we find that systemic risk in the real estate sector has a negative effect on banking return, but this effect is temporary; banking risk aversion and implicit interest expense have considerable impact on banking return.

  2. Are "green factors" able to drive the real estate value up?

    OpenAIRE

    Malgorzata G. Sliczna

    2012-01-01

    In the era of ecology awareness sustainable development plays a key role. The idea of this movement touches every aspect of our lives, real estate is not different. It is said that in EU buildings are responsible for 40% of total energy consumption. It means that making our buildings more energy efficient is really crucial for climate change. Real estate sector in Poland is aware of those issues and releases the need to reduce its environmental impact.. Nevertheless green building market in P...

  3. Heterogeneous Investors, Negotiation Strength & Asset Prices in Private Markets: Evidence from Commercial Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    David C. Ling

    2013-01-01

    We examine the impact of heterogeneous investors with asymmetric bargaining positions on transaction prices in private commercial real estate markets. Using a dataset that contains nearly 100,000 commercial real estate transactions during 1997-2009, we examine the extent to which common conditions of sale and buyer characteristics affect bargaining power and negotiated prices. We find that tax-motivated buyers seeking to complete a delayed Section 1031 exchange pay an average price premium of...

  4. Modeling Real Estate Market Responses to Climate Change in the Coastal Zone

    OpenAIRE

    Handi Chandra Putra; Haiyan Zhang; Clinton Andrews

    2015-01-01

    Changing flood risks threaten the value of billions of dollars worth of coastal real estate as well as the viability of coastal communities. This paper presents an agent-based model to capture some of the main features of the housing market that emerges from interactions between autonomous buyers and sellers. We use this model to investigate the adaptive responses of real estate markets to changing patterns of flooding and alternative flood insurance policies. The model includes interactions ...

  5. Morphological Characteristics and Somatic Incompatibility of Ganoderma from Infected Oil Palm from Three Inland Estates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latiffah, Z.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The morphological characteristics of Ganoderma basidiomata from infected oil palms from three inland estates showed some variations, but all fall within the description of G. boninense, based on Steyaert s classification system (1967, 1975. Pairings of G. boninense isolates from the same estate showed that there was somatic incompatibility among the isolates which indicated that the isolates were distinct individuals and not clones of single genotypes.

  6. Evaluation on the Financial Competitiveness of Chinese Listed Real Estate Companies Based on Entropy Method

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Wei; Shao, Linbo

    2013-01-01

    The real estate is a pillar industry of China's national economy. Due to changes in policy and market conditions, the real estate companies are facing greater pressures to survive in a competitive environment. They must improve their financial competitiveness. Based on the conceptual framework of financial competitiveness, this paper presented a financial competitiveness evaluation index system, covering four aspects, including profitability, solvency, sustainable development and operational ...

  7. Random Walks and Market Efficiency: Evidence from International Real Estate Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Robert T. Kleiman; Payne, James E.; Anandi P. Sahu

    2002-01-01

    This study performs tests of the random walk hypothesis for international commercial real estate markets utilizing stock market indices of real estate share prices for three geographical regions: Europe, Asia and North America. The augmented Dickey-Fuller and Phillips-Perron unit root tests and Cochrane variance ratio test find that each of these markets (as well as associated broader stock markets) exhibits random walk behavior. Moreover, a non-parametric runs test provides support for weak-...

  8. Positive Solutions for Fractional Differential Equations from Real Estate Asset Securitization via New Fixed Point Theorem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Tao

    2012-01-01

    analysis of real estate asset securitization by using the generalized fixed point theorem for weakly contractive mappings in partially ordered sets. Based on the analysis for the existence and uniqueness of the solution and scientific numerical calculation of the solution, in further study, some optimization schemes for traditional risk control process will be obtained, and then the main results of this paper can be applied to the forefront of research of real estate asset securitization.

  9. Paintings from the Estate of Cardinal Juraj Haulik in Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer’s Collection

    OpenAIRE

    Dulibić, Ljerka; Pasini tržec, Iva

    2015-01-01

    After the death of Cardinal Juraj Haulik (1788–1869), his estate was offered at an auction which enabled Franjo Rački to purchase eleven paintings for the collection of Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer. On the basis of contemporary press reports, the paper reconstructs the course of the auction which lasted for ten days and attracted numerous prospective buyers from the country and abroad. It furthermore analyses the manuscript inventory of Haulik’s estate preserved in the Metropolitan Library ...

  10. Hábitos alimentares entre funcionários de banco estatal: padrão de consumo alimentar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fonseca Maria de Jesus Mendes da

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de identificar as condições de saúde dos funcionários de um banco estatal, no Estado do Rio de Janeiro, realizou-se estudo seccional em dois setores do banco, através de amostragem sistemática. Entre as condições de saúde, o perfil dos hábitos alimentares foi investigado mediante questionário de freqüência de consumo de grupos de alimentos, analisado por meio de medida-resumo (escore alimentar. Embora a maior parte da população apresente bons hábitos alimentares, os resultados confirmaram grande diferença entre os sexos: cerca de 60% dos homens apresentaram escores maiores do que a média da população (51,2, comparados a 45% das mulheres. Além disso, foi possível verificar que os homens, principalmente os mais jovens, consomem maior quantidade de alimentos com gordura saturada, sal ou açúcar, quando comparados às mulheres. Os achados indicam que a qualidade da dieta junto a outros hábitos e comportamentos, como tabagismo e sedentarismo, devem fazer parte de programas de promoção da saúde no ambiente de trabalho, visando controlar as doenças cardiovasculares e outros agravos.

  11. Hábitos alimentares entre funcionários de banco estatal: padrão de consumo alimentar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de identificar as condições de saúde dos funcionários de um banco estatal, no Estado do Rio de Janeiro, realizou-se estudo seccional em dois setores do banco, através de amostragem sistemática. Entre as condições de saúde, o perfil dos hábitos alimentares foi investigado mediante questionário de freqüência de consumo de grupos de alimentos, analisado por meio de medida-resumo (escore alimentar. Embora a maior parte da população apresente bons hábitos alimentares, os resultados confirmaram grande diferença entre os sexos: cerca de 60% dos homens apresentaram escores maiores do que a média da população (51,2, comparados a 45% das mulheres. Além disso, foi possível verificar que os homens, principalmente os mais jovens, consomem maior quantidade de alimentos com gordura saturada, sal ou açúcar, quando comparados às mulheres. Os achados indicam que a qualidade da dieta junto a outros hábitos e comportamentos, como tabagismo e sedentarismo, devem fazer parte de programas de promoção da saúde no ambiente de trabalho, visando controlar as doenças cardiovasculares e outros agravos.

  12. Determinants of Funds Demand and Supply; Deepening Finance Access of Real Estate Investment in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lkhagvasuren Togtokhbuyan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This huge gap between financing needs and the available financing capacity represents major constraints to growth opportunities in business financing, and accords with one of requirements strategy of stimulating real sector financing by mobilizing cheap long term saving. Real estate investment is a capital intensive venture and this implies that firms venturing into this sector need to have a strong capital structure to sustain development. There is high competition amongst the real developers in quest for funds from formal and informal sources to meet their financial needs. Many real Estate firms are experiencing a credit fix. In the recent move by the Peoples Bank of China to clamp down lending in the real estate sector; the People’s bank of China tightened monetary policy by raising interest rates which in effect lead to increased cost of capital. The central government has also encouraged banks to adopt slow lending to real estate projects. According to the People's Bank of China (PBOC, the increase in cumulative loans related to housing projects totaled ¥1.3 trillion ($198 billion in 2011, down 38 percent from 2010, and new loans to the property sector comprised 17.5 percent of total loans in 2011, down from 27 percent in 2010.The remaining prudent alternative is innovation for exploitation of other means of acquiring funds for real estate venture. Real estate investors need to deepen and broaden their options of financing their activities to avoid credit squeeze.

  13. Desenvolvimento profissional de professores potencializado pelo contexto colaborativo para ensinar e aprender estatística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keli Cristina Conti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to systematize some reflections resulting from a doctoral research that aimed to understand the process of professional development from the perspective of statistical literacy in collaborative contexts, showing evidences of professional development of members from a group of teachers and future teachers of Early Childhood Education and initial years of Elementary School. Based on a qualitative approach, it is a case study of the Group "Estatisticando". Although the writing and sharing of experiences by the participants were not requirements, this process happened and became powerful extending beyond the group meetings, resulting in the publication of narrative texts, an article and some participations in events. Therefore, the professional development of one of the group members will be detailed, from her narratives analysis. The collaborative context created and the study group journey also showed that teachers and future teachers can investigate their own practice so that they can develop themselves professionally. Este artigo busca sistematizar algumas reflexões decorrentes de uma pesquisa de doutorado, cujo objetivo foi compreender o processo de desenvolvimento profissional na perspectiva do letramento estatístico em contextos colaborativos, busca também evidenciar indícios do desenvolvimento profissional dos participantes de um grupo de professores e futuros professores da Educação Infantil e anos iniciais do Ensino Fundamental. Numa abordagem qualitativa, trata-se de estudo de caso, o do Grupo “Estatisticando”. Embora a escrita e o compartilhamento de experiências pelos participantes não tivessem sido exigências, esse processo ocorreu e ganhou força se prolongando para além dos encontros do grupo, tendo gerado a publicação de textualizações narrativas, artigo e a participação em eventos. Nesse sentido, será detalhado o desenvolvimento profissional de uma das participantes do grupo, a partir de suas

  14. Prefabricated house in real estate business development in Jabodetabek

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumilang Raksamala Basmara Putra, Raka; Susanto, Dalhar

    2017-12-01

    could have a chance to be accepted in real estate commercial market in Indonesia especially in Jabodetabek.

  15. Estatística Ciência Interdisciplinar, Actas do XIV Congresso Anual da Sociedade Portuguesa de Estatística

    OpenAIRE

    Braumann, Carlos A.

    2007-01-01

    Book of invited conferences and accepted refereed papers submitted to the Procedings of the XIV Congresso Anual da Soceidade Portuguesa de Estatística (Covilhã, Portugal, 2006). The Editors were M. E. Ferrão, C. Nunes and C. A. Braumann.

  16. O livro das pequenas coisas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alckmar Santos

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-9288.2016v12n2p209 O livro das pequenas coisas foi produzido a partir da oficina “Criação poética digital” ministrada pelo coletivo formado por Nupill, 1maginári0: poéticas computacionais e Ateliê Ciclope de arte e publicação digital durante o VI Simpósio Internacional e VIII Simpósio Nacional de Literatura e Informática, realizado na Universidade de Passo Fundo entre os dias 9 e 11 de novembro de 2016. Atualmente está disponível na internete em http://ciclope.com.br/livrocoisas/.

  17. DAS Writeback: A Collaborative Annotation System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garcia Alexander

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Centralised resources such as GenBank and UniProt are perfect examples of the major international efforts that have been made to integrate and share biological information. However, additional data that adds value to these resources needs a simple and rapid route to public access. The Distributed Annotation System (DAS provides an adequate environment to integrate genomic and proteomic information from multiple sources, making this information accessible to the community. DAS offers a way to distribute and access information but it does not provide domain experts with the mechanisms to participate in the curation process of the available biological entities and their annotations. Results We designed and developed a Collaborative Annotation System for proteins called DAS Writeback. DAS writeback is a protocol extension of DAS to provide the functionalities of adding, editing and deleting annotations. We implemented this new specification as extensions of both a DAS server and a DAS client. The architecture was designed with the involvement of the DAS community and it was improved after performing usability experiments emulating a real annotation task. Conclusions We demonstrate that DAS Writeback is effective, usable and will provide the appropriate environment for the creation and evolution of community protein annotation.

  18. POR UMA HISTÓRIA POLÍTICA DAS POPULAÇÕESFOR A POLITICAL HISTORY OF POPULATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul-André Rosental

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available De que maneira fazer a história das populações? A resposta é fornecida por Louis Henry à INED, que nas décadas do pós-guerra promove uma demografia histórica essencialmente estatística, da qual em seguida se ocupa também Fernand Braudel e a escola dos Annales. Mas nos anos 1980 a desconstrução das categorias inspirada em Michel Foucault, a crítica do objetivismo, a descoberta feita pela história da estatística das raízes ideológicas ambíguas da demografia (natalista, eugenia, controle biopolítico são elementos que desestabilizam a disciplina. Para impedir que a reflexividade venha a substituir a produção de conhecimentos são introduzidos novos métodos (a micro-história e novos objetos (as instituições. À antiga demografia histórica sucede-se uma história social e política das populações. Seu objeto é a construção simultânea de instituições, de políticas e de saberes relativos a elas. Condorcet combatido por Malthus; Achille Guillard, criador da palavra demografia, tal como naturalmente Maurice Halbwachs, formalizaram a natureza «social» da população. Em oposição às tentações sociobiológicas contemporâneas, o vínculo orgânico entre população e proteção social desperta toda a questão da auto-criação da sociedade.

  19. Análise exploratória do efeito do solvente na análise de metabólitos secundários das folhas de annona muricata L. por métodos quimiométricos

    OpenAIRE

    Eloana Benassi Ribeiro de Souza

    2009-01-01

    Planejamento estatístico de mistura de cinco componentes foi usado para investigar a influência dos solventes na extração dos metabólitos secundários das folhas da Annona muricata L.. Os rendimentos dos extratos brutos, das frações da fase neutra, básica, orgânica e das fibras foram investigados. O poder de extração de cada solvente ou mistura de solventes foi comparado com a diversidade de compostos extraídos das folhas da graviola. Os extratos das frações das fases orgânica e básica também ...

  20. Reconstruction of the building history of the Demidovs’ estate “Almazovo” situated near Moscow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aksenova Irina Vasil’evna

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The currency of the topic covered in the article is not only the necessity of national cultural traditions revival, but also the possibility of applying the restored historical objects in modern life as multifunctional cultural and touristic complexes. At present, this is one of the most prospective tendencies in tourism, entertainment industry and educational programmes. The revival of historical estates and cultural traditions is nowadays insufficiently used but inexhaustible source for economical and cultural development of Russian regions. Attracting investments allow preserving ancient buildings in future. The Demidovs’ estate “Sergievskaya dacha” in Almazovo (belonged to the Demidovs, the Ural owners of mines and metallurgical works is an object of historic and cultural interest of Federal significance and it is of great scientific, educational and architectural value. To date the published information about the estate is laconic and sometimes contradictive. The results of historic and architectural researches based upon detailed study of literary materials and especially archives are offered in the article. All building stages of the estate are considered. Unique unpublished drafts of demolished and not erected (because of a disease of the owner buildings and elements of landscape architecture, which form an entity of the whole complex, have been discovered by the author. The scientific importance of researches carried out by the author consists of the possibility (to the great degree of trustworthiness to reconstruct the building history of the whole estate complex. The volume of the obtained information allows to speak of the possibility of the estate restoration and to work out the project for its new contemporary usage as a museum of the noble family way of life. This will encourage the development of tourism in the region and draw the attraction of investments in order to preserve the estate.

  1. A estrutura de capital das maiores empresas brasileiras: análise empírica das teorias de pecking order e trade-off, usando panel data.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Correa

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisas sobre estrutura de capital das empresas são consideradas dentre as mais relevantes na área de finanças. Diversas abordagens teóricas têm sido discutidas e testadas na literatura financeira. Este estudo buscou analisar o nível de endividamento das maiores empresas brasileiras, à luz das duas principais teorias que versam sobre o assunto, a teoria de Pecking Order e a teoria de trade--off, testando seus determinantes. A teoria do Pecking Order sugere a existência de uma hierarquia no uso de fontes de recursos, enquanto a teoria de trade-off considera a existência de uma estrutura meta de capital que seria perseguida pela empresa. O estudo é uma adaptação do artigo de Gaud et al. (2005, cujo trabalho serviu como base e principal referência para a escolha das principais variáveis e dos testes econométricos realizados. Tal como Gaud et al. (2005, desenvolvemos as análises estatísticas utilizando a metodologia de Panel Data, que considera os dados da amostra em corte transversal e longitudinal. Além de testes estáticos, foram feitos testes dinâmicos, com o objetivo de analisar o processo de ajuste da estrutura de capital ao longo do tempo, em direção a um suposto nível-alvo ótimo. Os resultados demonstraram relação negativa entre o nível de endividamento das empresas e o grau de tangibilidade dos ativos e a rentabilidade, bem como relação positiva do endividamento com o risco. Demonstraram ainda que empresas de capital estrangeiro são mais endividadas que empresas nacionais. De um modo geral, os resultados sugerem que a teoria de Pecking Order é mais consistente do que a teoria de trade-off para explicar a estrutura de capital das companhias abertas brasileiras. Em especial, destacamos a relação negativa entre endividamento e rentabilidade, confirmando vários outros resultados de pesquisa obtidos na realidade brasileira. A análise dinâmica demonstrou baixa velocidade do processo de ajuste da estrutura de

  2. Das berufliche und das private Geschlecht Gender: Professional and Private

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almut Sülzle

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Jutta Wergen untersucht Geschlechterkonstruktionen in Männerberufen, indem sie Frauen befragt, die als Lkw-Fahrerinnen, als Binnenschifferinnen und als Bus- bzw Straßenbahnfahrerinnen im öffentlichen Nahverkehr arbeiten. Dabei kann sie zeigen, dass diese Berufe sehr unterschiedliche Kontexte für Geschlechterarrangements zur Verfügung stellen, von traditioneller Arbeitsteilung bis zur Umkehrung derselben. Der Kern der Erkenntnis dieser Arbeit, das sei hier schon vorweggenommen, ist bestechend und zugleich faszinierend einfach: die Trennung in ein „professionelles“ und ein „privates“ Geschlecht.Jutta Wergen examines gender constructions in traditionally male careers by interviewing women who work as truck drivers, ship captains, and bus and tram drivers in public transportation. In doing so she can show that these careers provide very different contexts for gender arrangements, from traditional division of work to its reversal. The core of the realization of this study-this is anticipated here-is fascinating and amazingly simple: the division between a “professional” and a “private” gender.

  3. Das Konzept des 'Medialen Habitus'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Kommer

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Sven Kommer fragt in seinem Beitrag, inwieweit das Habitus-Konzept als Erklärungsmuster für die beobachtbare Zementierung sozialer Ungleichheit im Schulsystem greift. Dabei konstatiert der Beitrag, dass alle an der Weiterschreibung des Habitus-Konzepts beteiligten AutorInnen sich darin einig sind, dass es wichtige Beiträge für die Selbst-Aufklärung einer weitestgehend mediatisierten Gesellschaft leistet. Der Artikel geht dabei – auch angesichts der PISA-Studien – von dem empirischen Befund aus, dass die individuelle Ausprägung der Medienkompetenz aufs engste mit den Ressourcen des Elternhauses verbunden ist und sich dabei die elterlichen Formen der Medienerziehung unübersehbar mit den aktuellen medialen Handlungspraxen verbinden. Dieser Befund deckt sich auf weite Strecken auch mit den Ergebnissen der Bildungssoziologie Pierre Bourdieus, weshalb die Diskussionen zum medialen Habitus im Rahmen dieser Ausführungen auch mit empirischen Argumenten unterfüttert werden. Ganz in diesem Sinne arbeitet der Artikel auch heraus, dass die aus dem Kontext der Cultural Studies stammenden Thesen zur Nivellierung kultureller Milieu-Unterschiede wenig empirisch fundiert sind. Der Artikel betont dahingehend, dass hier eine unreflektierte Infiltration durch genuin neoliberales Gedankengut vorliegt, da mit ihr auch die Annahme einer "freien Wahl" von Lebensweg, Milieuzugehörigkeit oder Gender verbunden werden kann. Dabei wir auch eingehend der "Clash of Habitus" diskutiert, der zwischen Lehrenden und Lernenden stattfindet und das Augenmerk ein Mal mehr auf die Tatsache lenkt, das unser Bildungssystem auf dieser pädagogisch relevanten Ebene durch soziale Ungleichheiten gekennzeichnet ist. In his essay, Sven Kommer questions whether the notion of habitus is suitable to support the understanding of the obvious consolidation of inequality in the school system. He shows that all authors active in the continued use of the notion of habitus agree that it

  4. Does Sustainability Pay Off for European Listed Real Estate Companies? The Dynamics between Risk and Provision of Responsible Information

    OpenAIRE

    Cajias, Marcelo; Bienert, Sven

    2011-01-01

    We follow the guidelines of the Global Reporting Initiative and the European Public Real Estate Association to investigate the quality of real estate-related sustainability information provided by European listed real estate companies in 13 countries. We find that human resources and stock price volatility play a significant role in the company’s strength with respect to corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities. Business complexity and financial transparency enhance the provision of s...

  5. "... aber all das mit Freude" (Janusz Korczak)

    OpenAIRE

    Rehle, Cornelia

    2005-01-01

    "... aber all das mit Freude" (Janusz Korczak) : wiederspenstige Gedanken gegen das "Diktat der Eiffizienz" in der Bildung / Pius Thoma ; Cornelia Rehle. - In: Anthropologie und Kulturelle Identität : Friedemann Maurer zum 65. Geburtstag / hrsg. von Hans-Otto Mühleisen ... - Lindenberg u.a. : Fink u.a., 2005. – S. 181-196

  6. Building healthy communities: establishing health and wellness metrics for use within the real estate industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trowbridge, Matthew J; Pickell, Sarah Gauche; Pyke, Christopher R; Jutte, Douglas P

    2014-11-01

    It is increasingly well recognized that the design and operation of the communities in which people live, work, learn, and play significantly influence their health. However, within the real estate industry, the health impacts of transportation, community development, and other construction projects, both positive and negative, continue to operate largely as economic externalities: unmeasured, unregulated, and for the most part unconsidered. This lack of transparency limits communities' ability to efficiently advocate for real estate investment that best promotes their health and well-being. It also limits market incentives for innovation within the real estate industry by making it more difficult for developers that successfully target health behaviors and outcomes in their projects to differentiate themselves competitively. In this article we outline the need for actionable, community-relevant, practical, and valuable metrics jointly developed by the health care and real estate sectors to better evaluate and optimize the "performance" of real estate development projects from a population health perspective. Potential templates for implementation, including the successful introduction of sustainability metrics by the green building movement, and preliminary data from selected case-study projects are also discussed. Project HOPE—The People-to-People Health Foundation, Inc.

  7. Adding Value by Hospital Real Estate: An Exploration of Dutch Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Zwart, Johan; van der Voordt, Theo J M

    2016-01-01

    To explore how hospital real estate can add value to the healthcare organization, which values are prioritized in practice, and why. Dutch healthcare organizations are self-responsible for the costs and benefits of their accommodation. Meanwhile, a lively debate is going on about possible added values of corporate and public real estate in the fields of corporate real estate management and facility management. This article connects both worlds and compares insights from literature with experiences from practice. Added values extracted from literature have been discussed with 15 chief executive officers and project leaders of recently newly built hospitals in the Netherlands. Interviewees were asked (1) which values are included in the design and management of their hospital and why, (2) to prioritize most important values from a list of nine predefined values, and (3) to explain how the chosen real estate decisions are supposed to support organizational objectives. Stimulating innovation, user satisfaction, and improving organizational culture are most highly valued, followed by improving productivity, reducing building costs, and creating building flexibility. Image, risk control, and financing possibilities got lower rankings. The findings have been used to develop a value-impact matrix that connects nine values to various stakeholders and possible interventions. The findings and the value-impact matrix can make different stakeholders aware of many possible added values of hospital real estate, potential synergy and conflicts between different values, and how to steer on value add in different phases of the life cycle. © The Author(s) 2015.

  8. Analysis of China's real estate prices and macroeconomy based on evolutionary co-spectral method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Li

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This paper investigates the dynamic interaction between the real estate market and the macroeconomic environment of China by use of dynamic coherence function based on co-spectral analysis. Design/methodology/approach: Through a theoretical perspective, the dynamic interrelationship among economic variables at different time intervals (both long and short terms is analyzed. Findings: The empirical results show that China’s real estate market features a high coherence with the change of the long-term interest rate, employment rate and money supply, while there is a moderate coherence between the real estate market and the inflation rate and economic growth rate, and the coherence between the short-term rate of interest and the real estate market is the lowest. Research implications: Previous researches have some shortcomings. They do not consider the dependence between nonlinear series, but the latter is crucial to avoid the deviation of results. In this paper, we proposed a new method of experience to overcome these shortcomings. Originality/value: The paper provides a reasonable explanation accordingly to different coherences between the real estate market and the macroeconomic variables.

  9. Strategy of Commercial Real Estate Market Development and Interests of the Region: Rostov Region

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    Kosarev Roman, V.

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses the features of the development of commercial real estate market in the Rostov region on the assumption of a relationship between the vector of entrepreneurial activity and the dynamics of supply and demand of real estate in the context of the public interest. The urgency of the problem is due to the institutional nature of commercial real estate in business development, which is neglected in the practice of public exposure due to lack of methodological support and instrumentality. Based on the self-organization of these dynamic models related economic systems in the economy of the region, a logical assessment of the trends of development of business in the consumer market in the context of the real estate needs as infrastructure is given. It allows to identify the main patterns of development and its specific regional features. Statistical evaluation of the cost of renting and buying commercial real estate in Rostov-on-Don city has helped to identify new strategies for business development, requiring the transformation of commercial property types, proposed in the framework of regional program with a focus on five trends of Global Power of Retailing 2015.

  10. A revised approach to performance measurement for health-care estates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Daryl; Price, Ilfryn

    2009-11-01

    The purpose of the research was to show how lean asset thinking can be applied to UK health-care facilities using different measures to compare the estates contribution to the business of health-care providers. The challenge to conventional wisdom matches that posed by 'Lean Production' to 'Mass Manufacturing'. Data envelope analysis examined the income generated and patient-occupied area as outputs from the gross area of a NHS Trust's estate. The approach yielded strategic comparisons that conventional facilities management measures of cost per square metre hide. The annual cost of an excess estate is conservatively estimated at pound 600,000,000 (in England alone). Further research to understand the causes of the excess is needed. Meanwhile the research illustrates the power of an alternative way of assessing facilities performance. The authors are not aware of the lean asset perspective previously being applied to health-care facilities. The research shows the underlying fallacy of relying on cost per square metre as the primary measure of asset performance. The results and discussion will be particularly useful to senior estates and facilities managers wishing to use new measures to define strategic estates targets.

  11. Performance of Kier-Hall E-state Descriptors in Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR Studies of Multifunctional Molecules

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    Darko Butina

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Performance of the E-state descriptors was tested against simple counts of the 35 atom types that the Kier-Hall E-states are based upon, by building PLS models for clogP, aqueous solubility, human intestinal absorption (HIA and blood brain barrier (BBB. The results indicate that the simple counts work at least as well as E-state descriptors in building models for solubility and BBB, while surprisingly, simple counts have outperformed E-states by 18% and 30%, respectively, when building the models for HIA and clogP.

  12. Evaluation of factors leading to formation of price-bubbles in the real estate market of Lithuania

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    Audrius Dzikevičius

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently, real estate market has been discussed more frequently in the framework of economic analysis. The global economic crisis of 2008 has demonstrated the severity of financial shock that can be caused by inconsiderate investments in the real estate market. The present article analyses business cycles and the phenomenon of a price-bubble in that context. Drawing on the analysis of reference literature we identify the main reasons that can lead to fluctuations of prices in the real estate market. Finally, drawing on correlation and regression analysis we determine which factors have the strongest influence on the Lithuanian real estate market.

  13. Pornografie – Was ist das ?

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    Corinna Rückert

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Die Diskussionen über das kulturelle und mediale Phänomen ‚Pornografie‘ zeichnen sich oft durch Unkenntnis des Betrachtungsgegenstands und definitorischer Ungenauigkeiten aus. Der vorliegende Text benennt Irrtümer und Vorurteile und liefert einen Beitrag zu einer wissenschaftlich nachvollziehbaren Definitionsgrundlage als Basis für weitere Diskussionen. Die nachfolgenden Überlegungen sind eine Kurzzusammenfassung der Dissertation von Corinna Rückert: Frauenpornographie. Pornographie von Frauen für Frauen. Eine kulturwissenschaftliche Studie. Frankfurt am Main 2000.Discussions on the cultural and media phenomenon of “pornography” often stand out in their lack of knowledge about the object under consideration and their imprecisely defined terminology. The text at hand points out confusions and prejudices and also contributes to the creation of a scholarly and comprehensible foundation for establishing a definition that can serve as a basis for further discussion. The following considerations provide a short summary of Corinna Rückert’s dissertation: Frauenpornographie. Pornographie von Frauen für Frauen. Eine kulturwissenschaftliche Studie. Frankfurt am Main 2000 [Female Pornography. Pornography by Women for Women. A Cultural Study].

  14. Estudo etnográfico das contribuições da sociolingüística à introdução ao letramento científico no início da escolarização

    OpenAIRE

    Castanheira, Salete Flôres

    2007-01-01

    As estatísticas no Brasil e no exterior têm revelado, com freqüência, resultados negativos sobre a escolarização. Os altos índices de fracasso escolar que se expressam pela repetência, evasão e exclusão concentram-se nas crianças das classes sociais menos privilegiadas socioeconomicamente. Algumas das causas desse fracasso relacionam-se à utilização de metodologias pedagógicas não favoráveis à aprendizagem e descontextualizadas da realidade dos alunos, bem como à fragilidade do preparo dos pr...

  15. FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STRUKTUR MODAL PADA PERUSAHAAN PROPERTY DAN REAL ESTATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anas Ismail

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes the factors that affect the capital structure of a case study on property and real estate company that went public on the Stock Exchange 2008-2012. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal capital structure in a company. To measure it, the study uses five independent variables, namely the structure of assets, the company’s growth, company size, return on assets, and current ratio. The research sample using 37 property and real estate companies.This study uses egression analysis techniques. Results of this research is the size of the company and the current ratio significantly affect trade off theory according to which the company is more focused on profit, that profit is not reduced to pay installments external parties. Current ratio is a significant negative effect because the average property and real estate companies use more of its own models in comparison with debt

  16. STATUS AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF INSURANCE COVERAGE ORGANIZATIONS BUSINESS INFRASTRUCTURE OF REAL ESTATE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. N. Jampol'skij

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the current state of the Russian market of insurance services provided by appraisers and notaries working in the real estate market. According to the results of analysis of the real estate market infrastructure organizations highlighted the company business and intermediary market infrastructure. It is possible to identify the specifi c risks and to compare them to exist in the Russian insurance. Liability insurance organizations – representatives of the business infrastructure of the real estate market serves to increase the economic security of transactions, and in this context deserves regular monitoring for the purpose of correction of legislation in relation to modern economic realities. The paper presents an analysis of the legislation governing the liability insurance of notaries and appraisers, recommendations are made to improve the practice of insurance.

  17. REAL ESTATE CRISIS. CAUSES, EFFECTS, MEASURES TO IMPROVE. THE ROMANIAN CASE

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    CHEPTEA MADALINA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting 2008 Romania faced one of the deepest financial, economical, socio-political crises. It all started with the decline of the real estate market. Very accessible bank loans, real estate evaluators that in their majority used to double or triple the value of properties, the insatiable wish of each and every Romanian to own one or more properties without considering the long term consequences, banks’ risk departments that completely ignored risk, all those were the perfect recipe for a disaster. This research paper is an approach in creating the big picture of the Romanian real estate market and the attached domains, the role it played in the national economic crises, and also the social impact banks’ behaviour had on the population layers.

  18. An Evaluation of Industrial Facilities Defects in Selected Industrial Estates in Lagos State, Nigeria

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    Oseghale, G.E.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The study appraised the state of industrial facilities in selected industrial estates established between 1957 and 1981 in Lagos State by examining the nature and causes of facilities’ defects in the selected industrial estates. The buildings sampled were load bearing sandcrete block wall (1%, concrete framed structure (83% and steel framed structure (16%. Data were sourced using structured questionnaire administered on the staff of maintenance department of 35 building materials and plastic manufacturing industries purposively selected and located in 18 industrial estates. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistic. The study found the structural elements of the buildings, i.e. foundations, beams, walls, and floors satisfactory. Using the mean response analysis, the result showed that the most severe factors responsible for industrial facilities’ defects were combined effects of geo-climatic factors (2.35, combined effects of biological agencies (2.15, corrosion (1.98, and physical aggression on the facilities (1.71.

  19. The role and significance of green spaces in recent Slovenian residential estates

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    Davorin Gazvoda

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The design of new housing estates in Slovenia isn’t improving despite new technologies and expansive professional knowledge in various fields from urban and architectural design to landscape design of open spaces. Low availability of building space and desired growth of returns from given sites by increasing building density and quantity of homes are both diminishing possibilities for adequate design of green surfaces that could significantly improve the quality of the living environment. Comparison with older housing estates shows that green neighbourhood surfaces designed thirty or more years ago are much better. Despite changed social conditions, parameters defining high quality living environments haven’t changed. Therefore at all levels of urban planning and aligned to adequate spatial policies it is necessary to strive for more spacious housing estates with larger shares of suitably designed green surfaces.

  20. Implications of Asymmetric Information in the Real Estate Crisis in US

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Christina SUCIU

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis is now a common reality in most parts of the world, being translated in mass unemployment, collapse of the social system and an impressive number of bankruptcies. The paper focuses on the beginning of the recession in the American real estate sector by analyzing the implications of imperfect information and moral hazard as main factors that contributed to the deterioration of real estate market and also to accentuating the overall poor economic situation. In that context, asymmetric information served the interests of banks and other institutional speculators who made use of it in order to increase their profitability through market manipulation. The central aspect the paper underlines is the international contamination created by disguising toxic real estate actives and spreading them throughout the global economy through transactions with foreign business partners.

  1. Influence of Building Material Solution of Structures to Effectiveness of Real Estate Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somorová, Viera

    2015-11-01

    Real estate development is in its essence the development process characterized by a considerable dynamics. The purpose of the development process is the creation of buildings which can be either rented by future unknown users or sold in the real estate market. A first part of the paper is dedicated to the analysis of the parameters of buildings solutions considering the future operating costs in a phase of designing. Material solution of external structures is a main factor not only in determining the future operating costs but also in achieving the subsequent economic effectiveness of the real estate development. To determine the relationship between economic efficiency criteria and determine the optimal material variant of building constructions for the specific example is the aim of the second part of paper.

  2. Design idea on planning skill training system of real estate development projects in colleges and universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Kecheng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The planning skill training of the real estate development project in colleges and universities is an important means for the students majored with the real estate operation and valuation to master it. According to the in-depth researches of the real estate developers and many years’ teaching experience, we put forward the design idea of the skill training system. This idea contains three steps: design of training content, design of training mode and design of training system. This idea is helpful for building a sound training system, and is also helpful for the students to effectively carry out skill training, successfully achieve the goal of mastering the vocational skills, and increase the competitiveness of employment after graduation, thus playing a very good reference role in the development of other vocational skill training systems in colleges and universities

  3. Are Housing Markets Decoupled? A Case Study of Residential Real Estate Affordability in Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian PHILIPP

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Real estate arguably forms the most important asset to most households and the basis for their wealth. Around this context a model has been set up testing the relative affordability of real estate for the median household in Austria and the consequences of lower borrowing costs between 2004 and 2013 by vintage year. In this paper the hypothesis that the significant decline in base interest rates is not sufficient to offset the relative affordability loss caused by declining net household incomes and the simultaneous increase of real estate prices. To test this hypothesis a model has been set up comparing two different Housing Affordability Indices – one including and one excluding financing effects, having been compared via a multi factor model. Based on this calculation the author finds decreased base interest rates to offset relative affordability losses by only approximately 50%, verifying the hypothesis. The paper therefore argues for a potential decoupling of the residential housing market in Austria.

  4. Emerging Issues in Real Estate Appraisal: Market Premium for Building Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domenico Enrico Massimo

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available In international and metropolitan real estate markets, it has been detected, for the first time, the growing relevance of green buildings with respect to non-green building. Also, it has been singled out and then quantified through regression analysis a green premium, i.e. a differential in terms of price toward sold real estate units having ecological characteristics along with an energy value (more efficient behavior. The incipient international studies recommend to extend the analysis to unexplored middle-size non-metropolitan (marginal real estate markets. One of this areas has been studied detecting the first sale of an apartment with energy certification belonging to class B in a building with ecological characteristics. The assessment analysis performed through Market Comparison Approach, MCA, made it possible to detect and then appraise the green premium that is in line with the outcomes of the first and pioneer international studies performed in metropolitan areas.

  5. The Forced Sale of Real - Estate Property Aspects Regarding Procedure and Private International Law

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    Cret Daniela Cristina

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Indirectly enforcement is regulated by the Code of Procedure, as a form of enforcement, seeks the recovery of the creditor’s claim through valorization of the debtor’s property or the seizure of income that it has to receive from a third party. Collection action on real estate as a form of indirect civil enforcement is made by the forced sale of immovable property belonging to the pursued debtor, so that the pursuing creditor would cover the claim. In this scientific approach we will examine the issues of pre-sale formalities, the sale and auctioning of real estate property and adjudicating the real-estate property in the regulation of the Code of Civil Procedure, which came into force in February 2013, as well as in the provisions of private international law incidental in the matter.

  6. 20th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate

    CERN Document Server

    Zheng, Sheng; Luo, Jiaojiao; Wang, Wei; Mo, Zhibin; Shan, Liping

    2017-01-01

    These conference proceedings offer an outstanding resource for academics and professionals, sharing essential findings on the latest developments in real estate and construction management. The subject is “Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate” in the context of new-type urbanization. The Chinese Research Institute of Construction Management (CRIOCM), working in close collaboration with Zhejiang University, organized CRIOCM2015, the 20th International Symposium. Written by academics and professionals from all over the world, these proceedings discuss the latest achievements, research outputs and advances between frontier disciplines in the field of construction management and real estate. They cover a wide range of topics, including new-type urbanization, land development and land use, urban development and management, the real estate market and housing policies. The discussions will provide an important reference source on the implementation of new-type urbanization in China and abroad.

  7. Real economic activity and accounting information in Spanish construction and real estate firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Navarro-García

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to determine whether the accounting information provided by construction and real estate firms in Spain reflects the real economic activity, during upswings and downturns. A relationship is found between economic conditions and financial reporting in a continental European country such as Spain. Although there is a relationship between real housing price growth and financial accounting measures, real estate companies seem to show an artificial position, since they only present a relationship with Return on Assets (ROA based on low quality income (accruals. Therefore, a different financial position influences a different behaviour in these two similar sectors. In fact, some signs alerting of possible risk in real estate firms are shown.

  8. Repensar el derecho de la contratación estatal desde la competencia

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    Sebastián Barreto

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El libro La contratación estatal y el derecho de la competencia de la Unión Europea aborda las relaciones existentes entre estas dos ramas del derecho. Plantea herramientas metodológicas nuevas, propias del derecho de la competencia, para aproximarse a la contratación estatal y analiza la normativa vigente en la Unión Europea con base en estas. A partir de ese análisis el autor recomienda replantear el derecho de la contratación estatal para hacerlo más pro competitivo. Entre sus múltiples aciertos se puede resaltar la utilización del Análisis Económico del Derecho como herramienta para emprender su estudio y elaborar sus recomendaciones.

  9. Macroeconomic control, political costs and earnings management: Evidence from Chinese listed real estate companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donghua Chen

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Firms in China have faced high political costs during China’s economic transition, because they are affected by macroeconomic policies. However, research to date has offered no consistent conclusions on the relationship between political costs and earnings management in China. This study tests whether real estate firms attempt to decrease earnings during periods of macroeconomic control, using variables related to the national real estate market as proxies for political costs. We find that political costs are negatively related to earnings management in listed real estate firms. In addition, we find that non-state-owned enterprises utilized more income-decreasing accruals during this period. Our results are consistent with the political costs hypothesis.

  10. O papel das Instituições de Ensino Superior na prevenção das doenças imunopreveníveis

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    Silvana de Lima Vieira dos Santos

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudo descritivo, realizado com alunos do último ano dos cursos de graduação da área de saúde, que objetivou caracterizar a atuação das Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES na orientação do graduando quanto à vacinação, às doenças imunopreveníveis de importância para os Profissionais da Área de Saúde (PAS, em Goiás. Realizamos o teste piloto e com auxílio do software Epi-info, versão 2004, calculamos um n=651, o que corresponde a 54,0 % da população de estudo, com intervalo de confiabilidade de 95%. Foram observados os aspectos ético-legais. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de questionário, apresentados em figuras e tabelas e analisados por meio de estatística descritiva. Afirmaram ter sido orientados sobre as vacinas 92,0% dos estudantes. A informação foi obtida por meio de disciplina curricular em 32,3%, e da direção da faculdade em 13,6% das citações. Reconhecem como vacinas recomendadas aos PAS: a anti- hepatite B em 94,8%, a anti-difteria e tétano em 77,3% das citações. Embora as IES em Goiás estejam abordando esta temática, a fazem de forma fragmentada e pouco consistente.

  11. Regla Fiscal para Determinar el Monto del Subsidio Estatal a la Universidad de Guanajuato Regla Fiscal para Determinar el Monto del Subsidio Estatal a la Universidad de Guanajuato

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    Oscar Javier Cárdenas Rodríguez

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se propone una contribución especial y una regla fiscal para que el gobierno estatal determine, ex ante, el monto de subsidio ordinario que ha de otorgar cada ejercicio fiscal a la Universidad de Guanajuato. La ventaja de este mecanismo es la eliminación de la negociación presupuestal que se realiza año con año entre la Universidad, el Gobierno Estatal y el Congreso Local.An additional tax and a fiscal rule is proposed, in this paper, so that the Local Government determines, ex ante, the ordinary public subsidy it should give each fiscal year to the Universidad de Guanajuato. The advantage of this mechanism is the elimination of the budget negotiation that takes place yearly between the Universidad, the Local Government and the State Congress.

  12. Managerial competences as a strategic element in the decision-making of Real Estate Development

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    Alberto Fecchio

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A real estate plan works when is a part of a wider project which regards the society needs in a certain place. To know where to invest and the risk/performance profile, it is necessary to know the profit and loss profile of the building in the future, in addition to building costs. A correct real estate valuation does not exist if upstream a deep knowledge of real estate, financial, statistical, investors’ psychology (science or knowledge cycles, as well as an experience of years do not exist, which allows to acquire sensibility even towards unpredictable events. The dynamic real estate management is the necessary tool to increase the recurring revenue, the capital gain, to improve cash, decrease risks. The real estate manager, consisting in a team with integrated skills, with “on field” experience, with business logical knowledge, with roots on territory, able to share the business risk, with knowledge of public administrations’ procedures and complexity, is able to support the real estate investor in the development procedure. The evolution of the decision process must follow the trend that since 2009 has seen the overcoming of redevelopment projects compared to new building projects, with higher costs and complexity, but more sustainable from the environmental and space rationalization point of view. Redevelopment processes will be framed in complex territorial development projects, with guarantees of transparency of administrative processes and times, in order to attract international funds, that today are prevented to operate due to great uncertainty of the administrative process management in Italy.

  13. Das biochemische Rezidiv beim Prostatakarzinom

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    Rauchenwald M

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Als biochemisches Rezidiv (BCR wird der Wiederanstieg des nach kurativer Therapie des Prostatakarzinoms (PCa abgefallenen PSA-Werts bezeichnet. Der PSA-Verlauf nach kurativer Therapie ist von der primären Behandlungsmethode abhängig, weshalb auch unterschiedliche Definitionen dafür vorliegen. Der Verlauf selbst scheint prognostische Bedeutung zu haben. Ein Wiederanstieg des PSA-Werts geht der klinischen Progression voraus, wodurch frühzeitig eine Therapie eingeleitet werden kann. Der ideale Zeitpunkt für eine Sekundärbehandlung ist allerdings noch ungenügend definiert. Fast die Hälfte der BCR treten innerhalb der ersten 2 Jahre, ¾ innerhalb der ersten 5 Jahre nach Primärtherapie auf. Als Risikofaktoren für einen BCR werden ein primäres Tumorstadium ≥ T2c, PSA 15, Samenblaseninvasion, Lymphknotenbefall sowie Gleason-Score ≥ 8 angesehen. Von klinischer Bedeutung ist vor allem die Unterscheidung zwischen lokoregionärem und systemischem Rezidiv. Hierzu werden als Parameter neben dem primären Tumorstadium und Gleason-Score das posttherapeutische Intervall und die PSA-Dynamik empfohlen. Als diagnostische Maßnahmen erscheinen nur die Skelettszintigraphie und die Positronenemissionstomographie mit Acetat- oder Cholintracern und diese ebenfalls nur bei entsprechend hohen PSA-Werten sinnvoll. Therapeutisch kommt nach primärer Radikaloperation und Verdacht auf einen lokalen Progress in erster Linie die Salvagebestrahlung zur Anwendung, nach primärer Radiatio wird allerdings vorwiegend die hormonelle Manipulation einer Salvageoperation oder alter“nativen lokaltherapeutischen Maßnahmen vorgezogen.

  14. Investigation of the Linkage among China’s Macroeconomy, Stock Market and Real Estate Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo Jianhua

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available As two important constituents of China’s macro economy, there are varieties relationships among the stock market, the estate market and China’s macro economy. In order to investigate these relationships, in this paper, especially with the Macroeconomic Boom Index reflecting China’s macro economy, we use cointegration theory and Granger analysis to demonstrate that there are long-term equilibrium relationship and bidirectional causality between the macro economy and the securities business, also between the macro economy and the real estate market, however, this kind of extended Equilibrium relationship and bidirectional causality appears very weak.

  15. The Application of Classical and Neural Regression Models for the Valuation of Residential Real Estate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mach Łukasz

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The research process aimed at building regression models, which helps to valuate residential real estate, is presented in the following article. Two widely used computational tools i.e. the classical multiple regression and regression models of artificial neural networks were used in order to build models. An attempt to define the utilitarian usefulness of the above-mentioned tools and comparative analysis of them is the aim of the conducted research. Data used for conducting analyses refers to the secondary transactional residential real estate market.

  16. Energy-information dissemination into the real-estate industry. Draft final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isakson, H.R.

    1979-06-01

    A description is presented of a set of nine slide/tape programs and two sets of overhead transparencies that were developed to accompany earlier designed curriculum for real estate professionals. The present project includes the development of standardized implementation procedures for use by energy extension service offices and an instructor's manual designed to integrate use of the slide/tape programs and overhead transparencies with the textbook, Making the Most of Energy in Real Estate, which was developed earlier. (MCW)

  17. Real Estate Investment as a Panacea for Economic Instability in Nigeria: Evidence from Northeastern States of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Umar Bello

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Real estate investment is an emerging business in many countries of the world. Real estate investment was thoroughly investigated to come up with solution faced by the transaction of land and building. Real estate investment is strictly related to the housing price. It has been pointed out by many researchers that the housing price is affected by many factors, such as interest rate, land supply, government policies and inflation rate. The research highlighted most important aspects of the outcomes. An increase in international real estate capital flows could foster increasing demand for stronger institutions across a global real estate market. The method adopted in this research was quantitative through which 100 questionnaires were developed and distributed within the study area (Bauchi, Gombe, Adamawa and Yobe States. The simple percentage was used to analyzed the data collected. The research is exploratory in nature; hence, a non-probability purposive sampling technique was used for the study. The finding of the research vindicated that real estate investment has a significant role in sharpening the economy of the region, and also the findings revealed that real estate investment opportunity is huge. And again for suggested that housing provision cannot be realized only by private individual excerpts through government intervention. The study concludes that real estate investment, if explore it will create a reliable return to the investment owners, the benefits that can be derived from real estate investment, has been revealed by this study. The study also highlighted that private developers are key important for real estate investment in Nigeria. The conclusion drawn by this research shows that real estate investment has a capacity of transforming economic hardship in the country.

  18. Das Südpolarmeer als Kohlenstoffsenke

    OpenAIRE

    Hauck, Judith

    2016-01-01

    Das Südpolarmeer als Kohlenstoffsenke Die Ozeane als Senke für Kohlendioxid (CO2) verlangsamen den Klimawandel. Das Südpolarmeer trägt am meisten (40%) zur globalen Aufnahme von anthropogenem CO2 bei und ist daher extrem wichtig für unser Klima. Auf diesem Poster werde ich die wichtigsten Prozesse (physikalische, biologische und chemische Rückkopplungen) für die CO2-Aufnahme im Südpolarmeer bis 2100 darstellen. Insbesondere wird es wichtig sein, zu verstehen, ob das Südpolarmeer in Zu...

  19. Dasty3, a WEB framework for DAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villaveces, Jose M; Jimenez, Rafael C; Garcia, Leyla J; Salazar, Gustavo A; Gel, Bernat; Mulder, Nicola; Martin, Maria; Garcia, Alexander; Hermjakob, Henning

    2011-09-15

    Dasty3 is a highly interactive and extensible Web-based framework. It provides a rich Application Programming Interface upon which it is possible to develop specialized clients capable of retrieving information from DAS sources as well as from data providers not using the DAS protocol. Dasty3 provides significant improvements on previous Web-based frameworks and is implemented using the 1.6 DAS specification. Dasty3 is an open-source tool freely available at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/dasty/ under the terms of the GNU General public license. Source and documentation can be found at http://code.google.com/p/dasty/. hhe@ebi.ac.uk.

  20. Correção de dados agrometeorológicos utilizando métodos estatísticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Kazuo Baba

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A análise de dados climáticos fornece suporte para a previsão de fenômenos, para a avaliação de dados históricos e para a tomada de decisões, em especial na área agrícola. Garantir a sua qualidade é fundamental. O processo de coleta dos dados, através das estações meteorológicas, pode apresentar problemas, onde inconsistências podem ocorrer. Este artigo apresenta uma abordagem para solução do problema, utilizando técnicas estatísticas e geoestatísticas, na identificação de dados inconsistentes e na estimativa de dados a serem corrigidos ou preenchidos. A implementação destas técnicas, em um banco de dados espacial, apresentou-se como um facilitador na identificação e no preenchimento de dados. Para avaliação destas técnicas foram utilizados dados de temperatura coletadas por estações meteorológicas localizadas no Estado do Paraná. Como resultado, as técnicas de identificação de erros mostraram-se adequadas na consistência de erros básicos e históricos. A validação espacial apresentou baixo desempenho por superestimar a quantidade de dados incorretos. As técnicas utilizadas na estimativa dos dados, Krigagem, Inverso da Distância e Regressão Linear, apresentaram desempenho semelhantes com relação à análise dos erros.