WorldWideScience

Sample records for esimene mrk invasiivsest

  1. Tulevikulinna esimene maja / Kai Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Kai, 1975-

    1999-01-01

    Santiago Calatrava juhtimisel valminud esimene ehitis Valencias asuvas nn. 'teaduste ja kunsti linnas'. 'Hemisfääriks' kutsutav hoone on betoonist, klaasist ja võrevormis terasest. Ka 'tarkusesilmaks' kutsutav ehitis asetseb ristkülikukujulise veekogu keskel. S. Calatravalt on tellitud 'linna' kolm peahoonet. Okeanograafilise pargi kujundab Félix Candela

  2. Narvas avati Eesti esimene raamatukogu innovatsioonilabor / Maritsa Ort

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ort, Maritsa

    2015-01-01

    16. aprillil avati Narva Keskraamatukogus USA suursaadik Jeffrey D. Levine osalusel Eesti esimene raamatukogu innovatsioonilabor MakerLab, mille eesmärgiks on tasuta innovaatiliste töötubade kaudu edendada ja toetada Narva elanike ettevõtlusaktiivsust

  3. An embedded circumnuclear disk in Mrk 273

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klockner, HR; Baan, WA

    Radio observations using very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) and the Westerbork interferometer have been carried out to study the hydroxyl Megamaser emission in Mrk 273 at different spatial resolutions. Line and continuum observations were carried out by the European VLBI network (EVN) at 1.6

  4. Signature of Plausible Accreting Supermassive Black Holes in Mrk 261/262 and Mrk 266

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gagik Ter-Kazarian

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We address the neutrino radiation of plausible accreting supermassive black holes closely linking to the 5 nuclear components of galaxy samples of Mrk 261/262 and Mrk 266. We predict a time delay before neutrino emission of the same scale as the age of the Universe. The ultrahigh energy neutrinos are produced in superdense protomatter medium via simple (quark or pionic reactions or modified URCA processes (G. Gamow was inspired to name the process URCA after the name of a casino in Rio de Janeiro. The resulting neutrino fluxes for quark reactions are ranging from to , where is the opening parameter. For pionic and modified URCA reactions, the fluxes are and , respectively. These fluxes are highly beamed along the plane of accretion disk, peaked at ultrahigh energies, and collimated in smaller opening angle .

  5. VLA Observation of Seyfert Galaxy MRK 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, C.; Baum, S. A.; O'Dea, C.; Colbert, E. J. M.

    1997-12-01

    We have obtained deep radio observation of the Seyfert 1.5 galaxy Mrk6 with all VLA configurations at 6 and 20 cm. We confirm the existence of two pairs of diffuse low surface brightness radio lobes at different scales and orientations. The larger pair of lobes extend ( ~ 40" or 20 kpc) ~ 30(deg) NW-SE, and is evidence of starburst-driven superwind as suggested in Baum et. al (1993). The outer lobes are roughly perpendicular to a set of inner lobes which extend ( ~ 4" or 2 kpc) E-W and are in turn perpendicular to the inner jets imaged by Kukula et. al (1996). Both pairs of lobes appear to have shell-like structures, as implied by the observed anti-symmetric emission morphology which might be due to limb brightening as a result of increasing optical depth at the line of sight. The width of each structure is comparable to the length of the next smaller structure suggesting a "self-similar" (and possibly dynamical) relationship between these structures. These nested "bubble-like" structures with different orientations pose a challenge to the current paradigm of energy transport in Seyfert galaxies.

  6. Mrk 71/NGC 2366: The Nearest Green Pea Analog

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Micheva, Genoveva; Oey, M. S. [University of Michigan, 311 West Hall, 1085 S. University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1107 (United States); Jaskot, Anne E. [Department of Astronomy, Smith College, Northampton, MA 01063 (United States); James, Bethan L. [STScI, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

    2017-08-20

    We present the remarkable discovery that the dwarf irregular galaxy NGC 2366 is an excellent analog of the Green Pea (GP) galaxies, which are characterized by extremely high ionization parameters. The similarities are driven predominantly by the giant H ii region Markarian 71 (Mrk 71). We compare the system with GPs in terms of morphology, excitation properties, specific star-formation rate, kinematics, absorption of low-ionization species, reddening, and chemical abundance, and find consistencies throughout. Since extreme GPs are associated with both candidate and confirmed Lyman continuum (LyC) emitters, Mrk 71/NGC 2366 is thus also a good candidate for LyC escape. The spatially resolved data for this object show a superbubble blowout generated by mechanical feedback from one of its two super star clusters (SSCs), Knot B, while the extreme ionization properties are driven by the ≲1 Myr-old, enshrouded SSC Knot A, which has ∼10 times higher ionizing luminosity. Very massive stars (>100 M {sub ⊙}) may be present in this remarkable object. Ionization-parameter mapping indicates that the blowout region is optically thin in the LyC, and the general properties also suggest LyC escape in the line of sight. Mrk 71/NGC 2366 does differ from GPs in that it is one to two orders of magnitude less luminous. The presence of this faint GP analog and candidate LyC emitter (LCE) so close to us suggests that LCEs may be numerous and commonplace, and therefore could significantly contribute to the cosmic ionizing budget. Mrk 71/NGC 2366 offers an unprecedentedly detailed look at the viscera of a candidate LCE, and could clarify the mechanisms of LyC escape.

  7. EVN observations of the OH megamaser galaxies Mrk 231 and IC 694

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klockner, HR; Baan, WA; Migenes,; Reid, MJ

    2002-01-01

    We present EVN observations of hydroxyl (OH) main-line emission in two megamaser sources Mrk 231 and IC 694. The observations indicate that the broad maser emission lines originate within the nuclear regions. A single 1667 MHz main-line feature is seen at the nucleus of IC 694. In Mrk 231 both

  8. Tolkieni "Sõrmuste isanda" triloogia esimene osa jõuab ekraanile / Timo Diener

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Diener, Timo

    2001-01-01

    Režissöör Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist esimene : J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. Ajakiri on topeltnumber : 2001/2002; Dets./Jaan

  9. Maailma esimene online-maakler teenindab ka eesti keeles / Romet Kreek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreek, Romet, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Maailma esimene online-maaklerfirma E*Trade avas eestikeelse kauplemiskeskkonna, kuhu lähikuudel lisandub võimalus kaubelda ka Eesti aktsiatega. Tabel: E*Trade pakub konkurentsi kohalikele maakleritele. Kommenteerib Peeter Koppel. Vt. samas: Lauri Matsulevitsh. LHV konkurenti ei karda

  10. The effects of U.V light on mrkA, mrkD genes in local isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Hussein Alwan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Klebsiella pneumoniae is dangerous pathogens that can cause severe diseases. This study included isolation of 50 isolates of K.pneumoniaefrom different clinical sources from different hospitals in Baghdad city, the number and percentage of isolates according to the sources (urine, blood, sputum, burns, ear swabs, pus, wounds and stool were 22(44%, 11(22%, 4(8%, 4(8%, 3(6%, 3(6%, 2(4% and 1(2% respectively. The ability to form biofilm was carried out using Tissue culture plate methods (-TCP-. The results showed that 80% of the isolates were producer biofilm; the genetic study was used to detect the presence of mrkA, mrkD genes that are believed to be responsible of biofilm production. The ratio was mrkA 87.5% and mrkD 50% before exposure to U.V.light to reduce to 43.7% mrkA and 18.7% mrkD in isolates after exposure to U.V.light source.

  11. Investigating the Puzzling Synchrotron Behaviour of Mrk 421

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria I. Carnerero

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the multiwavelength behaviour of the high-energy peaked BL Lac object (HBL Mrk 421 at redshift z = 0 . 031 in the period 2007–2015. We use optical photometric, spectroscopic, and polarimetric data and near-infrared data obtained by 35 observatories participating in the GLAST-AGILE Support Program (GASP of the Whole Earth Blazar Telescope (WEBT, as well as by the Steward Observatory Support of the Fermi Mission. We also employ high-energy data from the Swift (UV and X-rays satellite to study correlations among emission in different bands.

  12. Broadband X-Ray Spectral Analysis of the Double-nucleus Luminous Infrared Galaxy Mrk 463

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Satoshi; Ueda, Yoshihiro; Oda, Saeko; Tanimoto, Atsushi; Imanishi, Masatoshi; Terashima, Yuichi; Ricci, Claudio

    2018-05-01

    We present a broadband (0.4–70 keV) X-ray spectral analysis of the luminous infrared galaxy (LIRG) system Mrk 463 observed with Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), Chandra, and XMM-Newton, which contains double active galactic nuclei (AGNs; Mrk 463E and Mrk 463W) with a separation of ∼3.8 kpc. Detecting their transmitted hard X-ray >10 keV continua with NuSTAR, we confirm that Mrk 463E and Mrk 463W have AGNs with intrinsic luminosities of (1.6–2.2) × 1043 and (0.5–0.6) × 1043 erg s‑1 (2–10 keV) obscured by hydrogen column densities of 8 × 1023 and 3 × 1023 cm‑2, respectively. Both nuclei show strong reflection components from cold matter. The luminosity ratio between X-ray (2–10 keV) and [O IV] 25.89 μm of Mrk 463E is ∼5 times smaller than those of normal Seyfert galaxies, suggesting that the intrinsic SED is X-ray weak relative to the UV luminosity. In fact, the bolometric AGN luminosity of Mrk 463E estimated from L‧-band (3.8 μm), [O IV] 25.89 μm, and [Ne V] 14.32 μm lines indicate a large bolometric-to-X-ray luminosity ratio, κ 2–10 keV ≈ 110–410, and a high Eddington ratio, λ Edd ∼ 0.4–0.8. We suggest that the merger triggered a rapid growth of the black hole in Mrk 463E, which is not yet deeply “buried” by circumnuclear dust. By contrast, the L‧-band luminosity of Mrk 463W is unusually small relative to the X-ray luminosity, suggesting that the Eddington ratio is low (activity.

  13. Tallinki esimene börsipäev pettis väikeinvestorite ootusi / Hindrek Riikoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riikoja, Hindrek

    2005-01-01

    Tallinki aktsia esimene börsipäev valmistas paljudele väikeinvestoritele pettumust, kuna aktsia hind tõusis päevaga vaid 58 senti ehk 0,7 protsenti. Lisa: Kas teate? Küsimusele, mida teete Tallinki aktsiatega, vastavad: ettevõtja Indrek Toome, Riigikogu liige Margus Hanson, teleprodutsent Raivo Suviste ja AS-i Biodiesel nõukogu esimees Heino Harak

  14. THE INNER KILOPARSEC OF Mrk 273 WITH KECK ADAPTIVE OPTICS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    U, Vivian; Sanders, David; Kewley, Lisa [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Dr., Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Medling, Anne; Max, Claire [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Armus, Lee [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Iwasawa, Kazushi [ICREA and Institut del Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí i Franquès, 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Evans, Aaron [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, 530 McCormick Road, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Fazio, Giovanni, E-mail: vivianu@ucr.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2013-10-01

    There is X-ray, optical, and mid-infrared imaging and spectroscopic evidence that the late-stage ultraluminous infrared galaxy merger Mrk 273 hosts a powerful active galactic nucleus (AGN). However, the exact location of the AGN and the nature of the nucleus have been difficult to determine due to dust obscuration and the limited wavelength coverage of available high-resolution data. Here we present near-infrared integral-field spectra and images of the nuclear region of Mrk 273 taken with OSIRIS and NIRC2 on the Keck II Telescope with laser guide star adaptive optics. We observe three spatially resolved components, and analyze the nuclear molecular and ionized gas emission lines and their kinematics. We confirm the presence of the hard X-ray AGN in the southwest nucleus. In the north nucleus, we find a strongly rotating gas disk whose kinematics indicate a central black hole of mass 1.04 ± 0.1 × 10{sup 9} M{sub ☉}. The H{sub 2} emission line shows an increase in velocity dispersion along the minor axis in both directions, and an increased flux with negative velocities in the southeast direction; this provides direct evidence for a collimated molecular outflow along the axis of rotation of the disk. The third spatially distinct component appears to the southeast, 640 and 750 pc from the north and southwest nuclei, respectively. This component is faint in continuum emission but shows several strong emission line features, including [Si VI] 1.964 μm which traces an extended coronal-line region. The geometry of the [Si VI] emission combined with shock models and energy arguments suggest that [Si VI] in the southeast component must be at least partly ionized by the SW AGN or a putative AGN in the northern disk, either through photoionization or through shock-heating from strong AGN- and circumnuclear-starburst-driven outflows. This lends support to a scenario in which Mrk 273 may be a dual AGN system.

  15. Statistical Analysis of the Microvariable AGN Source Mrk 501

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto C. Sadun

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available We report on the optical observations and analysis of the high-energy peaked BL Lac object (HBL, Mrk 501, at redshift z = 0.033. We can confirm microvariable behavior over the course of minutes on several occasions per night. As an alternative to the commonly understood dynamical model of random variations in intensity of the AGN, we develop a relativistic beaming model with a minimum of free parameters, which allows us to infer changes in the line of sight angles for the motion of the different relativistic components. We hope our methods can be used in future studies of beamed emission in other active microvariable sources, similar to the one we explored.

  16. VizieR Online Data Catalog: SEAMBHs. I. Mrk 142, Mrk 335, and IRAS F12397+3333 (Du+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, P.; Hu, C.; Lu, K.-X.; Wang, F.; Qiu, J.; Li, Y.-R.; Bai, J.-M.; Kaspi, S.; Netzer, H.; Wang, J.-M.; SEAMBH Collaboration

    2016-03-01

    All the spectroscopy and imaging observations reported here were obtained with the Shangri-La telescope (SLT: IAU site code O44) at the Lijiang Station of the Yunnan Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The SLT started its operation in 2008. This is a 2.4m alt-azimuth mounted Ritchey-Chretien telescope. The rms pointing error is about 2arcsec rms, and the tracking accuracy with autoguiding is better than 0.5''/hr. The longitude of the station is 100°01'51''E, the latitude 26°42'32''N, and the altitude 3193m. The annually averaged seeing is ~1.5'' in terms of the FWHM of stars (measured with Yunnan Faint Object Spectrograph and Camera, YFOSC), ranging from 0.7'' to 2.0''. The YFOSC, built in 2010 by the astronomical instrumentation team at the Niels Bohr Institute, is similar to the ESO Faint Object Spectrograph and Camera, but with an additional focal reducer. It started its operation in 2011. YFOSC is a versatile instrument for low resolution spectroscopy and imaging, working at the Cassegrain focus. The CCD chip is an e2v CCD42-90 Back Illuminated Deep Depletion 2048*4608 pixel Scientific CCD Sensor whose pixel size is 13.5mm, pixel scale 0.283''/pixel, covering a 10'*10' field of view (FOV). Our Reverberation Mapping (RM) campaign started in 2012 October. All the spectra were obtained using YFOSC with Grism 14 which provides a resolution of 92Å/mm (1.8Å/pixel) and covers the wavelength range of 3800-7200Å. In this first paper of the series we report the observations of three objects: Mrk 142, Mrk 335, and IRAS F12397+3333. (3 data files).

  17. Testing a double AGN hypothesis for Mrk 273

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwasawa, K.; U, V.; Mazzarella, J. M.; Medling, A. M.; Sanders, D. B.; Evans, A. S.

    2018-04-01

    The ultra-luminous infrared galaxy (ULIRG) Mrk 273 contains two infrared nuclei, N and SW, separated by 1 arcsecond. A Chandra observation has identified the SW nucleus as an absorbed X-ray source with NH 4 × 1023 cm-2 but also hinted at the possible presence of a Compton-thick AGN in the N nucleus, where a black hole of 109 M⊙ is inferred from the ionized gas kinematics. The intrinsic X-ray spectral slope recently measured by NuSTAR is unusually hard (Γ 1.3) for a Seyfert nucleus, for which we seek an alternative explanation. We hypothesize a strongly absorbed X-ray source in N, of which X-ray emission rises steeply above 10 keV, in addition to the known X-ray source in SW, and test it against the NuSTAR data, assuming the standard spectral slope (Γ = 1.9). This double X-ray source model gives a good explanation of the hard continuum spectrum, deep Fe K absorption edge, and strong Fe K line observed in this ULIRG, without invoking the unusual spectral slope required for a single source interpretation. The putative X-ray source in N is found to be absorbed by NH = 1.4+0.7-0.4 × 1024 cm-2. The estimated 2-10 keV luminosity of the N source is 1.3 × 1043 erg s-1, about a factor of 2 larger than that of SW during the NuSTAR observation. Uncorrelated variability above and below 10 keV between the Suzaku and NuSTAR observations appears to support the double source interpretation. Variability in spectral hardness and Fe K line flux between the previous X-ray observations is also consistent with this picture.

  18. The typecasting of active galactic nuclei: Mrk 590 no longer fits the role

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denney, K. D.; De Rosa, G.; Croxall, K.; Gupta, A.; Fausnaugh, M. M.; Grier, C. J.; Martini, P.; Mathur, S.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; Shappee, B. J. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Bentz, M. C., E-mail: denney@astronomy.ohio-state.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303 (United States)

    2014-12-01

    We present multiwavelength observations that trace more than 40 yr in the life of the active galactic nucleus (AGN) in Mrk 590, traditionally known as a classic Seyfert 1 galaxy. From spectra recently obtained from Hubble Space Telescope, Chandra, and the Large Binocular Telescope, we find that the activity in the nucleus of Mrk 590 has diminished so significantly that the continuum luminosity is a factor of 100 lower than the peak luminosity probed by our long-baseline observations. Furthermore, the broad emission lines, once prominent in the UV/optical spectrum, have all but disappeared. Since AGN type is defined by the presence of broad emission lines in the optical spectrum, our observations demonstrate that Mrk 590 has now become a 'changing-look' AGN. If classified by recent optical spectra, Mrk 590 would be a Seyfert ∼1.9–2, where the only broad emission line still visible in the optical spectrum is a weak component of Hα. As an additional consequence of this change, we have definitively detected UV narrow-line components in a Type 1 AGN, allowing an analysis of these emission-line components with high-resolution COS spectra. These observations challenge the historical paradigm that AGN type is only a consequence of the line-of-sight viewing angle toward the nucleus in the presence of a geometrically flattened, obscuring medium (i.e., the torus). Our data instead suggest that the current state of Mrk 590 is a consequence of the change in luminosity, which implies the black hole accretion rate has significantly decreased.

  19. The typecasting of active galactic nuclei: Mrk 590 no longer fits the role

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Denney, K. D.; De Rosa, G.; Croxall, K.; Gupta, A.; Fausnaugh, M. M.; Grier, C. J.; Martini, P.; Mathur, S.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; Shappee, B. J.; Bentz, M. C.

    2014-01-01

    We present multiwavelength observations that trace more than 40 yr in the life of the active galactic nucleus (AGN) in Mrk 590, traditionally known as a classic Seyfert 1 galaxy. From spectra recently obtained from Hubble Space Telescope, Chandra, and the Large Binocular Telescope, we find that the activity in the nucleus of Mrk 590 has diminished so significantly that the continuum luminosity is a factor of 100 lower than the peak luminosity probed by our long-baseline observations. Furthermore, the broad emission lines, once prominent in the UV/optical spectrum, have all but disappeared. Since AGN type is defined by the presence of broad emission lines in the optical spectrum, our observations demonstrate that Mrk 590 has now become a 'changing-look' AGN. If classified by recent optical spectra, Mrk 590 would be a Seyfert ∼1.9–2, where the only broad emission line still visible in the optical spectrum is a weak component of Hα. As an additional consequence of this change, we have definitively detected UV narrow-line components in a Type 1 AGN, allowing an analysis of these emission-line components with high-resolution COS spectra. These observations challenge the historical paradigm that AGN type is only a consequence of the line-of-sight viewing angle toward the nucleus in the presence of a geometrically flattened, obscuring medium (i.e., the torus). Our data instead suggest that the current state of Mrk 590 is a consequence of the change in luminosity, which implies the black hole accretion rate has significantly decreased.

  20. Pharmacological Inhibition of the Protein Kinase MRK/ZAK Radiosensitizes Medulloblastoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markowitz, Daniel; Powell, Caitlin; Tran, Nhan L; Berens, Michael E; Ryken, Timothy C; Vanan, Magimairajan; Rosen, Lisa; He, Mingzu; Sun, Shan; Symons, Marc; Al-Abed, Yousef; Ruggieri, Rosamaria

    2016-08-01

    Medulloblastoma is a cerebellar tumor and the most common pediatric brain malignancy. Radiotherapy is part of the standard care for this tumor, but its effectiveness is accompanied by significant neurocognitive sequelae due to the deleterious effects of radiation on the developing brain. We have previously shown that the protein kinase MRK/ZAK protects tumor cells from radiation-induced cell death by regulating cell-cycle arrest after ionizing radiation. Here, we show that siRNA-mediated MRK depletion sensitizes medulloblastoma primary cells to radiation. We have, therefore, designed and tested a specific small molecule inhibitor of MRK, M443, which binds to MRK in an irreversible fashion and inhibits its activity. We found that M443 strongly radiosensitizes UW228 medulloblastoma cells as well as UI226 patient-derived primary cells, whereas it does not affect the response to radiation of normal brain cells. M443 also inhibits radiation-induced activation of both p38 and Chk2, two proteins that act downstream of MRK and are involved in DNA damage-induced cell-cycle arrest. Importantly, in an animal model of medulloblastoma that employs orthotopic implantation of primary patient-derived UI226 cells in nude mice, M443 in combination with radiation achieved a synergistic increase in survival. We hypothesize that combining radiotherapy with M443 will allow us to lower the radiation dose while maintaining therapeutic efficacy, thereby minimizing radiation-induced side effects. Mol Cancer Ther; 15(8); 1799-808. ©2016 AACR. ©2016 American Association for Cancer Research.

  1. Saksa esimene saadik : eestlastel on rohkem ühist sakslaste kui soomlastega / Henning von Wistinghausen ; interv. Merit Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wistinghausen, Henning von

    2004-01-01

    Saksamaa esimene suursaadik taasiseseisvumise järgses Eestis vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Eesti liitumist EL-iga, euroskeptitsismi, Toomas Hendrik Ilvese väidet, et Saksa kantsler Helmut Kohl oli kuni 1997. aastani Balti riikide EL-iga liitumise vastu. Suure probleemina Eestis näeb ta lõhet, mis on tekkinud sissetulekutes ning maa ja linna vahel. Kommenteerib Riina Kionka

  2. NuSTAR unveils a compton-thick 2 quasar in MrK 34

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gandhi, P.; Lansbury, G. B.; Alexander, D. M.

    2014-01-01

    We present Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) 3-40 keV observations of the optically selected Type 2 quasar (QSO2) SDSS J1034+6001 or Mrk 34. The high-quality hard X-ray spectrum and archival XMM-Newton data can be fitted self-consistently with a reflection-dominated continuum...... standard" CT QSO2 and is the nearest non-merging system in this class, in contrast to the other local CT quasar NGC 6240, which is currently undergoing a major merger coupled with strong star formation. For typical X-ray bolometric correction factors, the accretion luminosity of Mrk 34 is high enough...... to potentially power the total infrared luminosity. X-ray spectral fitting also shows that thermal emission related to star formation is unlikely to drive the observed bright soft component below similar to 3 keV, favoring photoionization instead....

  3. DETECTION OF VERY HARD γ -RAY SPECTRUM FROM THE TEV BLAZAR MRK 501

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shukla, A.; Chitnis, V. R.; Acharya, B. S. [Department of High Energy Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005 (India); Mannheim, K.; Dorner, D. [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Universität Würzburg, D-97074 Würzburg (Germany); Roy, J. [UM-DAE Center for Excellence in Basic Sciences, Mumbai 400098 (India); Hughes, G.; Biland, A. [ETH Zurich, Institute for Particle Physics, Otto-Stern-Weg 5, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland)

    2016-12-01

    The occasional hardening of the GeV-to-TeV spectrum observed from the blazar Mrk 501 has reopened the debate on the physical origin of radiation and particle acceleration processes in TeV blazars. We have used the ∼7 years of Fermi -LAT data to search for the time intervals with unusually hard spectra from the nearby TeV blazar Mrk 501. We detected hard spectral components above 10 GeV with photon index <1.5 at a significance level of more than 5 sigma on 17 occasions, each with 30 day integration time. The photon index of the hardest component reached a value of 0.89 ± 0.29. We interpret these hard spectra as signatures of intermittent injection of sharply peaked and localized particle distributions from the base of the jet.

  4. RESOLVING IONIZATION AND METALLICITY ON PARSEC SCALES ACROSS MRK 71 WITH HST-WFC3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, Bethan L.; Auger, Matthew [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Aloisi, Alessandra [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Calzetti, Daniela [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Kewley, Lisa, E-mail: bjames@ast.cam.ac.uk [RSAA, Australian National University, Cotter Road, Weston Creek, ACT 2611 (Australia)

    2016-01-01

    Blue compact dwarf (BCD) galaxies in the nearby universe provide a means for studying feedback mechanisms and star formation processes in low-metallicity environments in great detail. Owing to their vicinity, these local analogs to primordial young galaxies are well suited for high-resolution studies that are unfeasible for high-redshift galaxies. Here we present Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 observations of one such BCD, Mrk 71, one of the most powerful local starbursts known, in the light of [O ii], He ii, Hβ, [O iii], Hα, and [S ii]. At D ≃ 3.44 Mpc, this extensive suite of emission-line images enables us to explore the chemical and physical conditions of Mrk 71 on ∼2 pc scales. We use emission-line diagnostics to distinguish ionization mechanisms on a pixel-by-pixel basis and show that despite the previously reported hypersonic gas and superbubble blowout, the gas in Mrk 71 is photoionized, with no sign of shock-excited emission. He ii emission line images are used to identify up to six Wolf-Rayet stars, three of which lie on the edge of a blowout region. Using strong-line metallicity diagnostics, we present the first “metallicity image” of a galaxy, revealing chemical inhomogeneity on scales of <50 pc. We additionally demonstrate that while chemical structure can be lost at large scales, metallicity diagnostics can break down on spatial scales smaller than an H ii region. This study highlights not only the benefits of high-resolution spatially resolved observations in assessing the effects of feedback mechanisms but also the potential limitations when employing emission-line diagnostics; these results are particularly relevant as we enter the era of extremely large telescopes.

  5. Tidal interaction, star formation and chemical evolution in blue compact dwarf galaxy Mrk 22

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paswan, A.; Omar, A.; Jaiswal, S.

    2018-02-01

    The optical spectroscopic and radio interferometric H I 21 cm-line observations of the blue compact dwarf galaxy Mrk 22 are presented. The Wolf-Rayet (WR) emission-line features corresponding to high ionization lines of He II λ4686 and C IV λ5808 from young massive stars are detected. The ages of two prominent star-forming regions in the galaxy are estimated as ∼10 and ∼ 4 Myr. The galaxy has non-thermal radio deficiency, which also indicates a young starburst and lack of supernovae events from the current star formation activities, consistent with the detection of WR emission-line features. A significant N/O enrichment is seen in the fainter star-forming region. The gas-phase metallicities [12 + log(O/H)] for the bright and faint regions are estimated as 7.98±0.07 and 7.46±0.09, respectively. The galaxy has a large diffuse H I envelop. The H I images reveal disturbed gas kinematics and H I clouds outside the optical extent of the galaxy, indicating recent tidal interaction or merger in the system. The results strongly indicate that Mrk 22 is undergoing a chemical and morphological evolution due to ongoing star formation, most likely triggered by a merger.

  6. TeV AND MULTI-WAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF Mrk 421 IN 2006-2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acciari, V. A.; Benbow, W.; Aliu, E.; Arlen, T.; Aune, T.; Beilicke, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Dickherber, R.; Boltuch, D.; Bradbury, S. M.; Byrum, K.; Cannon, A.; Cesarini, A.; Ciupik, L.; Cui, W.; Finley, J. P.; Duke, C.; Falcone, A.; Finnegan, G.

    2011-01-01

    We report on TeV γ-ray observations of the blazar Mrk 421 (redshift of 0.031) with the VERITAS observatory and the Whipple 10 m Cherenkov telescope. The excellent sensitivity of VERITAS allowed us to sample the TeV γ-ray fluxes and energy spectra with unprecedented accuracy where Mrk 421 was detected in each of the pointings. A total of 47.3 hr of VERITAS and 96 hr of Whipple 10 m data were acquired between 2006 January and 2008 June. We present the results of a study of the TeV γ-ray energy spectra as a function of time and for different flux levels. On 2008 May 2 and 3, bright TeV γ-ray flares were detected with fluxes reaching the level of 10 Crab. The TeV γ-ray data were complemented with radio, optical, and X-ray observations, with flux variability found in all bands except for the radio wave band. The combination of the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer and Swift X-ray data reveal spectral hardening with increasing flux levels, often correlated with an increase of the source activity in TeV γ-rays. Contemporaneous spectral energy distributions were generated for 18 nights, each of which are reasonably described by a one-zone synchrotron self-Compton model.

  7. THE BINARY BLACK HOLE MODEL FOR MRK 231 BITES THE DUST

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leighly, Karen M. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks Street, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Terndrup, Donald M. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Gallagher, Sarah C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Centre for Planetary and Space Exploration, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7 (Canada); Lucy, Adrian B. [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 W. 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

    2016-09-20

    Mrk 231 is a nearby quasar with an unusually red near-UV-to-optical continuum, generally explained as heavy reddening by dust. Yan et al. proposed that Mrk 231 is a milliparsec black hole binary with little intrinsic reddening. We show that if the observed FUV continuum is intrinsic, as assumed by Yan et al., it fails by a factor of about 100 in powering the observed strength of the near-infrared emission lines and the thermal near and mid-infrared continuum. In contrast, the line and continuum strengths are typical for a reddened AGN spectral energy distribution (SED). We find that the He i*/P β ratio is sensitive to the SED for a one-zone model. If this sensitivity is maintained in general broadline region models, then this ratio may prove a useful diagnostic for heavily reddened quasars. Analysis of archival Hubble Space Telescope STIS and Faint Object Camera data revealed evidence that the far-UV continuum emission is resolved on size scales of ∼40 pc. The lack of broad absorption lines in the far-UV continuum might be explained if it were not coincident with the central engine. One possibility is that it is the central engine continuum reflected from the receding wind on the far side of the quasar.

  8. A FANAROFF-RILEY TYPE I CANDIDATE IN NARROW-LINE SEYFERT 1 GALAXY Mrk 1239

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doi, Akihiro [The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuou-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Wajima, Kiyoaki [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdae-ro, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Hagiwara, Yoshiaki [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Inoue, Makoto, E-mail: akihiro.doi@vsop.isas.jaxa.jp [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

    2015-01-10

    We report finding kiloparsec-scale radio emissions aligned with parsec-scale jet structures in the narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxy Mrk 1239 using the Very Large Array and the Very Long Baseline Array. Thus, this radio-quiet NLS1 has a jet-producing central engine driven by essentially the same mechanism as that of other radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Most of the radio luminosity is concentrated within 100 parsecs and overall radio morphology looks edge-darkened; the estimated jet kinetic power is comparable to Fanaroff-Riley Type I radio galaxies. The conversion from accretion to jet power appears to be highly inefficient in this highly accreting low-mass black hole system compared with that in a low-luminosity AGN with similar radio power driven by a sub-Eddington, high-mass black hole. Thus, Mrk 1239 is a crucial probe to the unexplored parameter spaces of central engines for a jet formation.

  9. MrkH, a novel c-di-GMP-dependent transcriptional activator, controls Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm formation by regulating type 3 fimbriae expression.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan J Wilksch

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Klebsiella pneumoniae causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly amongst hospitalized individuals. The principle mechanism for pathogenesis in hospital environments involves the formation of biofilms, primarily on implanted medical devices. In this study, we constructed a transposon mutant library in a clinical isolate, K. pneumoniae AJ218, to identify the genes and pathways implicated in biofilm formation. Three mutants severely defective in biofilm formation contained insertions within the mrkABCDF genes encoding the main structural subunit and assembly machinery for type 3 fimbriae. Two other mutants carried insertions within the yfiN and mrkJ genes, which encode GGDEF domain- and EAL domain-containing c-di-GMP turnover enzymes, respectively. The remaining two isolates contained insertions that inactivated the mrkH and mrkI genes, which encode for novel proteins with a c-di-GMP-binding PilZ domain and a LuxR-type transcriptional regulator, respectively. Biochemical and functional assays indicated that the effects of these factors on biofilm formation accompany concomitant changes in type 3 fimbriae expression. We mapped the transcriptional start site of mrkA, demonstrated that MrkH directly activates transcription of the mrkA promoter and showed that MrkH binds strongly to the mrkA regulatory region only in the presence of c-di-GMP. Furthermore, a point mutation in the putative c-di-GMP-binding domain of MrkH completely abolished its function as a transcriptional activator. In vivo analysis of the yfiN and mrkJ genes strongly indicated their c-di-GMP-specific function as diguanylate cyclase and phosphodiesterase, respectively. In addition, in vitro assays showed that purified MrkJ protein has strong c-di-GMP phosphodiesterase activity. These results demonstrate for the first time that c-di-GMP can function as an effector to stimulate the activity of a transcriptional activator, and explain how type 3 fimbriae

  10. BLAZAR ANTI-SEQUENCE OF SPECTRAL VARIATION WITHIN INDIVIDUAL BLAZARS: CASES FOR MRK 501 AND 3C 279

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Jin; Zhang, Shuang-Nan; Liang, En-Wei, E-mail: zhang.jin@hotmail.com [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

    2013-04-10

    The jet properties of Mrk 501 and 3C 279 are derived by fitting broadband spectral energy distributions (SEDs) with lepton models. The derived {gamma}{sub b} (the break Lorenz factor of the electron distribution) is 10{sup 4}-10{sup 6} for Mrk 501 and 200 {approx} 600 for 3C 279. The magnetic field strength (B) of Mrk 501 is usually one order of magnitude lower than that of 3C 279, but their Doppler factors ({delta}) are comparable. A spectral variation feature where the peak luminosity is correlated with the peak frequency, which is opposite from the blazar sequence, is observed in the two sources. We find that (1) the peak luminosities of the two bumps in the SEDs for Mrk 501 depend on {gamma}{sub b} in both the observer and co-moving frames, but they are not correlated with B and {delta} and (2) the luminosity variation of 3C 279 is dominated by the external Compton (EC) peak and its peak luminosity is correlated with {gamma}{sub b} and {delta}, but anti-correlated with B. These results suggest that {gamma}{sub b} may govern the spectral variation of Mrk 501 and {delta} and B would be responsible for the spectral variation of 3C 279. The narrow distribution of {gamma}{sub b} and the correlation of {gamma}{sub b} and B in 3C 279 would be due to the cooling from the EC process and the strong magnetic field. Based on our brief discussion, we propose that this spectral variation feature may originate from the instability of the corona but not from the variation of the accretion rate as does the blazar sequence.

  11. Variable blurred reflection in the narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 493

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonson, K.; Gallo, L. C.; Wilkins, D. R.; Fabian, A. C.

    2018-04-01

    We examine a 200 ks XMM-Newton observation of the narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 493. The active galaxy was half as bright as in a previous 2003 snapshot observation and the current lower flux enables a study of the putative reflection component in detail. We determine the characteristics of the 2015 X-ray continuum by first analyzing the short-term variability using model-independent techniques. We then continue with a time-resolve analysis including spectral fitting and modelling the fractional variability. We determine that the variability arises from changes in the amount of primary flux striking the accretion disk, which induces changes in the ionization parameter and flux of the blurred reflection component. The observations seem consistent with the picture that the primary source is of roughly constant brightness and that variations arise from changes in the degree of light bending happening in the vicinity of the supermassive black hole.

  12. Star formation history of the galaxy merger Mrk848 with SDSS-IV MaNGA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Fang-Ting; Shen, Shiyin; Hao, Lei; Fernandez, Maria Argudo

    2017-03-01

    With the 3D data of SDSS-IV MaNGA (Bundy et al. 2015) spectra and multi-wavelength SED modeling, we expect to have a better understanding of the distribution of dust, gas and star formation of galaxy mergers. For a case study of the merging galaxy Mrk848, we use both UV-to-IR broadband SED and the MaNGA integral field spectroscopy to obtain its star formation histories at the tail and core regions. From the SED fitting and full spectral fitting, we find that the star formation in the tail regions are affected by the interaction earlier than the core regions. The core regions show apparently two times of star formation and a strong burst within 500Myr, indicating the recent star formation is triggered by the interaction. The star formation histories derived from these two methods are basically consistent.

  13. Implication of the detection of very hard spectra from the TeV blazar Mrk 501

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shukla, Amit; Hughes, Gareth; Biland, Adrian [ETH Zurich, Institute for Particle Physics (Switzerland); Mannheim, Karl; Dorner, Daniela [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany); Chitnis, Varsha R. [Department of High Energy Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (India); Roy, Jayashree; Acharya, Bannanje Sripathi [Center for Excellence in Basic Sciences, UM-DAE Mumbai (India)

    2016-07-01

    The emission from active galactic nuclei ranges from radio to TeV energies and shows high variability. The origin of the high energy emission is highly debated. The observed emission could be due to a complex superposition of emission from multiple zones. New evidence of the detection of very hard intrinsic gamma-ray spectra obtained from Fermi-LAT observations have challenged the theories about origin of VHE gamma-rays. We have used the 7 years of Fermi-LAT data to search for time intervals with unusually hard spectra from the nearby TeV blazar Mrk 501. In the presentation, we discuss a few possible explanations for the origin of these hard spectra within a leptonic scenario.

  14. Measurement of the blazar Mrk421 flux above 60 GeV with the CELESTE experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Le Gallou, R.

    2001-11-01

    The CELESTE experiment is based on an ancient solar plant that has been turned into a detector able to detect the particle showers triggered by the interactions of high energy cosmic photons with the earth atmosphere nuclei. The purpose of the CELESTE experiment is to study the emissions of photons by cosmic objects like supernovae remnants, pulsars or active cores of galaxies such as blazars. Blazars are very interesting objects to study because they allow us to investigate matter that is in extreme conditions and to probe a very far past. The aim of this work has been to develop methods for the analysis of the data collected by CELESTE and to validate them. A specific effort has been achieved for the selection of efficient hadronic rejection criteria in order to optimize the sensitivity of the detector. The physics of the detector is detailed from the particle showers to the data analysis. The detector acceptance has been assessed through Monte-Carlo simulations that have been shown that the detection threshold is 30 GeV at the triggering point and 60 GeV after the analysis cuts. The validation tests have been performed on the Crab nebula that is a standard in gamma astronomy for its stability and intensity. CELESTE has been operating since November 1999 in a satisfactory way and has accumulated data on 4 blazars among them Mrk421. Several bursts have been detected on Mrk421 and an average photon flux has been determined. A correlation has been deduced from the activity detected by CELESTE and the activities in the TeV and X ranges which agrees with the simulations

  15. Mrk 421 after the Giant X-Ray Outburst in 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kapanadze, B.; Kapanadze, S.; Tabagari, L. [E. Kharadze Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia State University, Colokashvili Av. 3/5, Tbilisi, 0162, Georgia (United States); Dorner, D. [Universität Würzburg, Institute for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Emil-Fischer-Str. 31, D-97074 Würtzburg (Germany); Romano, P.; Vercellone, S. [INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via E. Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate (Italy)

    2017-10-20

    We present the results of the Swift observations of the nearby BL Lac object Mrk 421 during 2013 November–2015 June. The source exhibited a strong long-term variability in the 0.3–10 keV band, with a maximum-to-minimum flux ratio of 13, and underwent X-ray flares by a factor of 1.8–5.2 on timescales of a few weeks or shorter. The source showed 48 instances of intraday flux variability in this period, which sometimes was observed within the 1 ks observational run. It was characterized by fractional amplitudes of 1.5(0.3)%–38.6(0.4)% and flux doubling/halving times of 2.6–20.1 hr. The X-ray flux showed a lack of correlation with the TeV flux on some occasions (strong TeV flares were not accompanied by comparable X-ray activity and vice versa), indicating that the high-energy emission in Mrk 421 was generated from an emission region more complex than a single zone. The best fits of the 0.3–10 keV spectra were mainly obtained using the log-parabola model, showing a strong spectral variability that generally followed a “harder-when-brighter” trend. The position of the synchrotron spectral energy distribution peak showed an extreme range from a few eV to ∼10 keV that happens rarely in blazars.

  16. Data reduction and analysis of the multiband optical images of the blazar Mrk180

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Sabzi Sarvestani

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available  Nearly simultaneous multiband monitoring of blazars is very limited and most studies reported in literature are conflicting, too. Although optical variability on intra-night timescales is now a well established phenomenon for blazars, its relationship to long-term variability remains unclear. Possible clues could come from monitoring the optical spectrum for correlation with brightness. The presence or absence of bluer color in blazar color index, when its luminosity is increased on intra-night and inter-night timescales, can provide interesting clues to the origin of blazar variability from hourly to much longer timescales. Luminosity of blazars varies at all wavelengths over a variety of timescales. Various models have been proposed to explain blazar variability. However, the mechanism responsible for variability is not conclusively understood. One factor which can discriminate the various variability models is that of color (spectral index variations of blazars. This factor may help to better understand the mechanism of blazar variability. Therefore, it was initially proposed, by the second author of this paper to the OHP observatory, to carry out quasi-simultaneous multiband monitoring of one of the brightest blazer, Mrk180. Fortunately, it was accepted by the scientific team of the observatory and the 1.20m telescope time was allocated to the project from 23 to 28 April 2009. Because of the weather conditions, we could only monitor this blazar for three nights. Raw data processing and data reduction were performed using the standard system of Europe Southerner Observatory, ESO-MIDAS. We considered two reference stars and measured the magnitudes of the reference stars and the blazar Mrk 180 and then plotted the light curves and the color index diagrams. The light curves showed the optical variations of the blazar. The maximum amplitude value of its variations was 0.185 mag for the V filter. Investigating the blazar color index shows its

  17. X-RAY FLARING ACTIVITY OF MRK 421 IN THE FIRST HALF OF 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kapanadze, B.; Kapanadze, S.; Tabagari, L. [E. Kharadze Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia State University, Colokashvili Av. 3/5, Tbilisi, 0162, Georgia (United States); Dorner, D. [Universität Würzburg, Institute for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Emil-Fischer-Str. 31, D-97074 Würtzburg (Germany); Vercellone, S.; Romano, P. [INAF, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Via U. La Malfa 153, I-90146 Palermo (Italy); Aller, H.; Aller, M.; Hughes, P.; Reynolds, M. [Astronomy Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1107 (United States)

    2016-11-01

    We present the results of the Swift and NuSTAR observations of the nearby BL Lac object Mrk 421 during 2013 January–June. The source exhibited a strong long-term variability in the 0.3–10 keV and 3–79 keV bands with the maximum-to-minimum daily-binned flux ratios of 22 and 95, respectively, in about 3 months, mainly due to unprecedented strong X-ray outbursts by more than an order of magnitude in both bands within 2 weeks in 2013 April when the 0.3–10 keV count rate exceeded the level of 200 cts s{sup −1} for the first time, and Mrk 421 became one of the brightest sources in the X-ray sky. The source was also very active on intra-day timescales, and it showed flux doubling and halving timescales of 1.16–7.20 hr and 1.04–3.54 hr, respectively. On some occasions, the flux varied by 4%–23% within 300–840 s. During this period, the source also exhibited some of the most extreme X-ray spectral variability ever reported for BL Lacs—the location of the synchrotron spectral energy distribution peak shifted from a few eV to ∼10 keV, and the photon index at 1 keV and curvature parameter varied on timescales from a few weeks down to intervals shorter than 1 ks. MAGIC and First G-APD Cherenkov Telescope observations also revealed a very strong very high energy (VHE) flare during April 11–17. The UV and HE γ -ray flares were much weaker compared to their X-ray counterparts, and they generally showed significantly stronger correlation with each other than with the X-ray fluxes.

  18. Friedrich Konrad Griepenkerl (1782-1849), Braunschweigi Collegium Carolinumi professor ja Braunschweigi Lauluakadeemia esimene direktor / Andreas Waczkat ; tõlkinud Anu Sõõro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Waczkat, Andreas, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Friedrich Konrad Griepenkerl töötas 1821. aastast alates Collegium Carolinumis filosoofia ja esteetika professorina. Ta oli esimene professor, kelle professionaalne karjäär hõlmas muusikat. Ehkki Griepenkerl ei olnud akadeemiline muusikaõpetaja, oli tema muusikaline tegevus Braunschweigis professorikohaga tihedalt seotud, kuna ta jõudis avalike loengute kaudu laia kunsti- ja muusikahuvilise publikuni. Peale selle asutas ta lauluringi, millest sai hiljem Braunschweigi lauluakadeemia.

  19. MULTIWAVELENGTH VARIABILITY OF THE BLAZARS Mrk 421 AND 3C 454.3 IN THE HIGH STATE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaur, Haritma; Gupta, Alok C. [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263129 (India); Wiita, Paul J., E-mail: haritma@aries.res.in [Department of Physics, College of New Jersey, P.O. Box 7718, Ewing, NJ 08628 (United States)

    2012-01-15

    We report the results of photometric observations of the blazars Mrk 421 and 3C 454.3 designed to search for intraday variability (IDV) and short-term variability (STV). Optical photometric observations were spread over 18 nights for Mrk 421 and 7 nights for 3C 454.3 during our observing run in 2009-2010 at the 1.04 m telescope at Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, India. Genuine IDV is found for the source 3C 454.3 but not for Mrk 421. Genuine STV is found for both sources. Mrk 421 was revealed by the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) X-ray detector on the International Space Station to be in an exceptionally high flux state in 2010 January-February. We performed a correlation between the X-ray and optical bands to search for time delays and found a weak correlation with higher frequencies leading the lower frequencies by about 10 days. The blazar 3C 454.3 was found to be in a high flux state in 2009 November-December. We performed correlations in optical observations made at three telescopes, along with X-ray data from the MAXI camera and public release {gamma}-ray data from the Fermi space telescope. We found strong correlations between the {gamma}-ray and optical bands at a time lag of about four days, but the X-ray flux is not correlated with either. We briefly discuss the possible reasons for the time delays between these bands within the framework of existing models for X-ray and {gamma}-ray emission mechanisms.

  20. Type 3 fimbriae and biofilm formation are regulated by the transcriptional regulators MrkHI in Klebsiella pneumoniae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Jeremiah G; Murphy, Caitlin N; Sippy, Jean; Johnson, Tylor J; Clegg, Steven

    2011-07-01

    Klebsiella pneumoniae is an opportunistic pathogen which frequently causes hospital-acquired urinary and respiratory tract infections. K. pneumoniae may establish these infections in vivo following adherence, using the type 3 fimbriae, to indwelling devices coated with extracellular matrix components. Using a colony immunoblot screen, we identified transposon insertion mutants which were deficient for type 3 fimbrial surface production. One of these mutants possessed a transposon insertion within a gene, designated mrkI, encoding a putative transcriptional regulator. A site-directed mutant of this gene was constructed and shown to be deficient for fimbrial surface expression under aerobic conditions. MrkI mutants have a significantly decreased ability to form biofilms on both abiotic and extracellular matrix-coated surfaces. This gene was found to be cotranscribed with a gene predicted to encode a PilZ domain-containing protein, designated MrkH. This protein was found to bind cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) and regulate type 3 fimbrial expression.

  1. Type 3 Fimbriae and Biofilm Formation Are Regulated by the Transcriptional Regulators MrkHI in Klebsiella pneumoniae▿

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Jeremiah G.; Murphy, Caitlin N.; Sippy, Jean; Johnson, Tylor J.; Clegg, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Klebsiella pneumoniae is an opportunistic pathogen which frequently causes hospital-acquired urinary and respiratory tract infections. K. pneumoniae may establish these infections in vivo following adherence, using the type 3 fimbriae, to indwelling devices coated with extracellular matrix components. Using a colony immunoblot screen, we identified transposon insertion mutants which were deficient for type 3 fimbrial surface production. One of these mutants possessed a transposon insertion within a gene, designated mrkI, encoding a putative transcriptional regulator. A site-directed mutant of this gene was constructed and shown to be deficient for fimbrial surface expression under aerobic conditions. MrkI mutants have a significantly decreased ability to form biofilms on both abiotic and extracellular matrix-coated surfaces. This gene was found to be cotranscribed with a gene predicted to encode a PilZ domain-containing protein, designated MrkH. This protein was found to bind cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) and regulate type 3 fimbrial expression. PMID:21571997

  2. In vivo imaging and specific targeting of P-glycoprotein expression in multidrug resistant nude mice xenografts with [125I]MRK-16 monoclonal antibody

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scott, Andrew M.; Rosa, Eddie; Mehta, Bippin M.; Divgi, Chaitanya R.; Finn, Ronald D.; Biedler, June L.; Tsuruo, Takashi; Kalaigian, Hovannes; Larson, Steven M.

    1995-01-01

    Multidrug resistance (MDR) in tumors is associated with P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression. In vivo quantitation of Pgp may allow MDR to be evaluated noninvasively prior to treatment planning. The purpose of this study was to radiolabel MRK-16, a monoclonal antibody that targets an external epitope of P-glycoprotein, and perform in vivo quantitation of P-glycoprotein in a MDR xenograft nude mouse model. MRK-16 was labeled with 125 I by the iodogen method, with subsequent purification by size exclusion chromatography. Groups of 10 Balb/c mice were each xenografted with colchicine-resistant or -sensitive neuroblastoma cell lines, respectively. Whole body clearance and tumor uptake over time was quantitated by gamma camera imaging, and biodistribution studies were performed with [ 125 ]MRK-16 and an isotype matched control antibody, A33. Quantitative autoradiography and immunohistochemistry analysis of tumors was also evaluated to confirm specific targeting of [ 125 I]MRK-16. Peak tumor uptake was at 2-3 days post-injection, and was significantly greater in resistance compared to sensitive tumors (mean % injected dose/g ± SD) (18.76 ± 2.94 vs 10.93 ± 0.96; p 125 I]MRK-16 was confirmed by comparison to [ 131 I]A33 in biodistribution studies, and localized to cellular components of tissue stroma by comparison of histologic and autoradiographic sections of sensitive and resistant tumors. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated a 4.5-fold difference in P-glycoprotein expression between sensitive and resistant cell lines without colchicine selective pressure. We conclude that in vivo quantitation of P-glycoprotein in MDR tumors can be performed with [ 125 I]MRK-16. These findings suggest a potential clinical application for radiolabeled MRK-16 in the in vivo evaluation of multidrug resistance in tumors

  3. Dissecting the long-term emission behaviour of the BL Lac object Mrk 421

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnerero, M. I.; Raiteri, C. M.; Villata, M.; Acosta-Pulido, J. A.; Larionov, V. M.; Smith, P. S.; D'Ammando, F.; Agudo, I.; Arévalo, M. J.; Bachev, R.; Barnes, J.; Boeva, S.; Bozhilov, V.; Carosati, D.; Casadio, C.; Chen, W. P.; Damljanovic, G.; Eswaraiah, E.; Forné, E.; Gantchev, G.; Gómez, J. L.; González-Morales, P. A.; Griñón-Marín, A. B.; Grishina, T. S.; Holden, M.; Ibryamov, S.; Joner, M. D.; Jordan, B.; Jorstad, S. G.; Joshi, M.; Kopatskaya, E. N.; Koptelova, E.; Kurtanidze, O. M.; Kurtanidze, S. O.; Larionova, E. G.; Larionova, L. V.; Latev, G.; Lázaro, C.; Ligustri, R.; Lin, H. C.; Marscher, A. P.; Martínez-Lombilla, C.; McBreen, B.; Mihov, B.; Molina, S. N.; Moody, J. W.; Morozova, D. A.; Nikolashvili, M. G.; Nilsson, K.; Ovcharov, E.; Pace, C.; Panwar, N.; Pastor Yabar, A.; Pearson, R. L.; Pinna, F.; Protasio, C.; Rizzi, N.; Redondo-Lorenzo, F. J.; Rodríguez-Coira, G.; Ros, J. A.; Sadun, A. C.; Savchenko, S. S.; Semkov, E.; Slavcheva-Mihova, L.; Smith, N.; Strigachev, A.; Troitskaya, Yu. V.; Troitsky, I. S.; Vasilyev, A. A.; Vince, O.

    2017-12-01

    We report on long-term multiwavelength monitoring of blazar Mrk 421 by the GLAST-AGILE Support Program of the Whole Earth Blazar Telescope (GASP-WEBT) collaboration and Steward Observatory, and by the Swift and Fermi satellites. We study the source behaviour in the period 2007-2015, characterized by several extreme flares. The ratio between the optical, X-ray and γ-ray fluxes is very variable. The γ-ray flux variations show a fair correlation with the optical ones starting from 2012. We analyse spectropolarimetric data and find wavelength-dependence of the polarization degree (P), which is compatible with the presence of the host galaxy, and no wavelength dependence of the electric vector polarization angle (EVPA). Optical polarimetry shows a lack of simple correlation between P and flux and wide rotations of the EVPA. We build broad-band spectral energy distributions with simultaneous near-infrared and optical data from the GASP-WEBT and ultraviolet and X-ray data from the Swift satellite. They show strong variability in both flux and X-ray spectral shape and suggest a shift of the synchrotron peak up to a factor of ∼50 in frequency. The interpretation of the flux and spectral variability is compatible with jet models including at least two emitting regions that can change their orientation with respect to the line of sight.

  4. LONG-TERM MONITORING OF MRK 501 FOR ITS VERY HIGH ENERGY {gamma} EMISSION AND A FLARE IN 2011 OCTOBER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartoli, B.; Catalanotti, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Napoli ' Federico II' , Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant' Angelo, via Cinthia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Bernardini, P.; Bleve, C. [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica ' E. De Giorgi' dell' Universita del Salento, via per Arnesano, I-73100 Lecce (Italy); Bi, X. J.; Cao, Z.; Chen, S. Z.; Chen, Y. [Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 918, 100049 Beijing (China); Bolognino, I. [Dipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica dell' Universita di Pavia, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Branchini, P.; Budano, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma Tre, via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Roma (Italy); Calabrese Melcarne, A. K. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare-CNAF, Viale Berti-Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Camarri, P. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita di Roma ' Tor Vergata' , via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Cardarelli, R. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Cattaneo, C. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pavia, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Chen, T. L. [Tibet University, 850000 Lhasa, Xizang (China); Creti, P. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Lecce, via per Arnesano, I-73100 Lecce (Italy); Cui, S. W. [Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050016, Hebei (China); Dai, B. Z. [Yunnan University, 2 North Cuihu Rd., 650091 Kunming, Yunnan (China); D' Ali Staiti, G., E-mail: chensz@ihep.ac.cn [Dipartimento di Fisica e Tecnologie Relative, Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Edificio 18, I-90128 Palermo (Italy); Collaboration: ARGO-YBJ Collaboration; and others

    2012-10-10

    As one of the brightest active blazars in both X-ray and very high energy {gamma}-ray bands, Mrk 501, is very useful for physics associated with jets from active galactic nuclei. The ARGO-YBJ experiment has monitored Mrk 501 for {gamma}-rays above 0.3 TeV since 2007 November. The largest flare since 2005 was observed from 2011 October and lasted until about 2012 April. In this paper, a detailed analysis of this event is reported. During the brightest {gamma}-ray flaring episodes from 2011 October 17 to November 22, an excess of the event rate over 6{sigma} is detected by ARGO-YBJ in the direction of Mrk 501, corresponding to an increase of the {gamma}-ray flux above 1 TeV by a factor of 6.6 {+-} 2.2 from its steady emission. In particular, the {gamma}-ray flux above 8 TeV is detected with a significance better than 4{sigma}. Based on time-dependent synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) processes, the broadband energy spectrum is interpreted as the emission from an electron energy distribution parameterized with a single power-law function with an exponential cutoff at its high-energy end. The average spectral energy distribution for the steady emission is well described by this simple one-zone SSC model. However, the detection of {gamma}-rays above 8 TeV during the flare challenges this model due to the hardness of the spectra. Correlations between X-rays and {gamma}-rays are also investigated.

  5. Another piece of the puzzle: The fast H I outflow in Mrk 231

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morganti, Raffaella; Veilleux, Sylvain; Oosterloo, Tom; Teng, Stacy H.; Rupke, David

    2016-09-01

    We present the detection, performed with the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT) and the Karl Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), of a fast H I 21 cm outflow in the ultra-luminous infrared galaxy Mrk 231. The outflow is observed as shallow H I absorption blueshifted ~1300 km s-1 with respect to the systemic velocity and located against the inner kpc of the radio source. The outflowing gas has an estimated column density between 5 and 15 × 1018Tspin cm-2. We derive the Tspin to lie in the range 400-2000 K and the corresponding H I densities are nHI ~ 10-100 cm-3. Our results complement previous findings and confirm the multiphase nature of the outflow in Mrk 231. Although effects of the interaction between the radio plasma and the surrounding medium cannot be ruled out, the energetics and the lack of a clear kpc-scale jet suggest that the most likely origin of the H I outflow is a wide-angle nuclear wind, as earlier proposed to explain the neutral outflow traced by Na I and molecular gas in this source. Our results suggest that an H I component is present in fast outflows regardless of the acceleration mechanism (wind vs. jet driven) and that it must be connected with common properties of the pre-interaction gas involved. Considering the observed similarity of their column densities, the H I outflow likely represents the inner part of the broad wind identified on larger scales in atomic Na I. The mass outflow rate of the H I outflow (between 8 and 18 M⊙ yr-1) does not appear to be as large as that observed in molecular gas, partly owing to the smaller sizes of the outflowing region sampled by the H I absorption. These characteristics are commonly seen in other cases of outflows driven by the active galactic nucleus (AGN) suggesting that the H I may represent a short intermediate phase in the rapid cooling of the gas. The results further confirm H I as a good tracer for AGN-driven outflows not only in powerful radio sources. We also obtained deeper continuum

  6. Half-megasecond Chandra spectral imaging of the hot circumgalactic nebula around quasar MRK 231

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Veilleux, S.; Teng, S. H.; Rupke, D. S. N.; Maiolino, R.; Sturm, E.

    2014-01-01

    A deep 400 ks ACIS-S observation of the nearest quasar known, Mrk 231, is combined with archival 120 ks data to carry out the first ever spatially resolved spectral analysis of a hot X-ray-emitting circumgalactic nebula around a quasar. The 65 × 50 kpc X-ray nebula shares no resemblance with the tidal debris seen at optical wavelengths. One notable exception is the small tidal arc ∼3.5 kpc south of the nucleus where excess soft X-ray continuum emission and Si XIII 1.8 keV line emission are detected, consistent with star formation and its associated alpha-element enhancement, respectively. An X-ray shadow is also detected at the location of the 15 kpc northern tidal tail. The hard X-ray continuum emission within ∼6 kpc of the center is consistent with being due entirely to the bright central active galactic nucleus. The soft X-ray spectrum of the outer (≳6 kpc) portion of the nebula is best described as the sum of two thermal components with temperatures ∼3 and ∼8 million K and spatially uniform super-solar alpha-element abundances, relative to iron. This result implies enhanced star formation activity over ∼10 8 yr, accompanied by redistribution of the metals on a large scale. The low-temperature thermal component is not present within ∼6 kpc of the nucleus, suggesting extra heating in this region from the circumnuclear starburst, the central quasar, or the optically identified ≳3 kpc quasar-driven outflow. The soft X-ray emission is weaker in the western quadrant, coincident with a deficit of Hα and some of the largest columns of neutral gas outflowing from the nucleus. Shocks may heat the gas to high temperatures at this location, consistent with the tentative ∼2σ detection of extended Fe XXV 6.7 keV line emission.

  7. CHEERS Results on Mrk 573: A Study of Deep Chandra Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paggi, Alessandro; Wang, Junfeng; Fabbiano, Giuseppina; Elvis, Martin; Karovska, Margarita

    2012-09-01

    We present results on Mrk 573 obtained as part of the CHandra survey of Extended Emission-line Regions in nearby Seyfert galaxies (CHEERS). Previous studies showed that this source features a biconical emission in the soft X-ray band closely related to the narrow-line region as mapped by the [O III] emission line and the radio emission, though on a smaller scale; we investigate the properties of soft X-ray emission from this source with new deep Chandra observations. Making use of the subpixel resolution of the Chandra/ACIS image and point-spread function deconvolution, we resolve and study substructures in each ionizing cone. The two cone spectra are fitted with a photoionization model, showing a mildly photoionized phase diffused over the bicone. Thermal collisional gas at about ~1.1 keV and ~0.8 keV appears to be located between the nucleus and the "knots" resolved in radio observations, and between the "arcs" resolved in the optical images, respectively; this can be interpreted in terms of shock interaction with the host galactic plane. The nucleus shows a significant flux decrease across the observations indicating variability of the active galactic nucleus (AGN), with the nuclear region featuring a higher ionization parameter with respect to the bicone region. The long exposure allows us to find extended emission up to ~7 kpc from the nucleus along the bicone axis. Significant emission is also detected in the direction perpendicular to the ionizing cones, disagreeing with the fully obscuring torus prescribed in the AGN unified model and suggesting instead the presence of a clumpy structure.

  8. Swift Observations of Mrk 421 in Selected Epochs. II. An Extreme Spectral Flux Variability in 2009–2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapanadze, B.; Vercellone, S.; Romano, P.; Hughes, P.; Aller, M.; Aller, H.; Kharshiladze, O.; Tabagari, L.

    2018-05-01

    We present the results from a detailed spectral and timing study of Mrk 421 based on the rich archival Swift data obtained during 2009–2012. Best fits of the 0.3–10 keV spectra were mostly obtained using the log-parabolic model showing the relatively low spectral curvature that is expected in the case of efficient stochastic acceleration of particles. The position of the synchrotron spectral energy density peak E p of 173 spectra is found at energies higher than 2 keV. The photon index at 1 keV exhibited a very broad range of values a = 1.51–3.02, and very hard spectra with a historical state and that corresponding to a rate higher than 100 cts s‑1. Moreover, 113 instances of intraday variability were revealed, exhibiting shortest flux-doubling/halving times of about 1.2 hr, as well as brightenings by 7%–24% in 180–720 s and declines by 68%–22% in 180–900 s. The X-ray and very high-energy fluxes generally showed a correlated variability, although one incidence of a more complicated variability was also detected, indicating that the multifrequency emission of Mrk 421 could not be generated in a single zone.

  9. Measurement of the gamma ray flux between 50 and 350 GeV from the Mrk 501 Blazar with the experiment CELESTE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brion, E.

    2005-10-01

    The blazar Mrk 501 has a non-thermal emission spectrum with 2 components. The first one, located between radio waves and X-rays, is due to the synchrotron emission of the magnetized jet, while the second one, emitted in the high energy gamma-ray domain, is still not fully understood. Until 1999, this last domain had only been covered between 100 MeV and 4 GeV as well as above 300 GeV. This energy gap was filled by the creation of the CELESTE experiment, recording Cherenkov emission produced by gamma-rays between 50 and 350 GeV penetrating the atmosphere. Mrk 501, which has a variable emission, was observed in 2000 and 2001, and was detected in 2000. A flux has been calculated which constrains the high energy emission models, presented in this thesis. Crab nebula flux measurements validate the method since this source is the standard candle for atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. Analysis cuts for Mrk 501 are determined using data from the blazar Mrk 421, which has nearly the same declination as Mrk 501. Finally, improved detector simulations were used to calculate the effective area of the instrument, taking the atmosphere quality into account, yielding the flux for Mrk 501 during observations taken between April and June 2000. This flux was compared with a synchrotron self-Compton emission model and with data taken in X-rays. It shows that Mrk 501 was slightly more active during this period compared to the remainder of the year and to the year 2001. A flux upper limit is calculated for other measurements. This is the first measurement in the energy range 50 - 350 GeV (this range represents the limits in energy for which the trigger rate, that is the convolution between the source spectrum and the effective area of the instrument, is higher than 20% of the trigger maximum). It helps to constrain the position of the inverse Compton emission maximum and tends to favor, in this particular case, X- and gamma-ray emission processes from 2 different electron populations

  10. Eleven years of monitoring the Seyfert 1 Mrk 335 with Swift: Characterizing the X-ray and UV/optical variability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallo, L. C.; Blue, D. M.; Grupe, D.; Komossa, S.; Wilkins, D. R.

    2018-05-01

    The narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy (NLS1) Mrk 335 has been continuously monitored with Swift since May 2007 when it fell into a long-lasting, X-ray low-flux interval. Results from the nearly 11 years of monitoring are presented here. Structure functions are used to measure the UV-optical and X-ray power spectra. The X-ray structure function measured between 10 - 100 days is consistent with the flat, low-frequency part of the power spectrum measured previously in Mrk 335. The UV-optical structure functions of Mrk 335 are comparable with those of other Seyfert 1 galaxies and of Mrk 335 itself when it was in a normal bright state. There is no indication that the current X-ray low-flux state is attributed to changes in the accretion disc structure of Mrk 335. The characteristic timescales measured in the structure functions can be attributed to thermal (for the UV) and dynamic (for the optical) timescales in a standard accretion disc. The high-quality UVW2 (˜1800 Å in the source frame) structure function appears to have two breaks and two different slopes between 10 - 160 days. Correlations between the X-ray and other bands are not highly significant when considering the entire 11-year light curves, but more significant behaviour is present when considering segments of the light curves. A correlation between the X-ray and UVW2 in 2014 (Year-8) may be predominately caused by an giant X-ray flare that was interpreted as jet-like emission. In 2008 (Year-2), possible lags between the UVW2 emission and other UV-optical waveband may be consistent with reprocessing of X-ray or UV emission in the accretion disc.

  11. A high-density relativistic reflection origin for the soft and hard X-ray excess emission from Mrk 1044

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallick, L.; Alston, W. N.; Parker, M. L.; Fabian, A. C.; Pinto, C.; Dewangan, G. C.; Markowitz, A.; Gandhi, P.; Kembhavi, A. K.; Misra, R.

    2018-06-01

    We present the first results from a detailed spectral-timing analysis of a long (˜130 ks) XMM-Newton observation and quasi-simultaneous NuSTAR and Swift observations of the highly-accreting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 1044. The broadband (0.3-50 keV) spectrum reveals the presence of a strong soft X-ray excess emission below ˜1.5 keV, iron Kα emission complex at ˜6 -7 keV and a `Compton hump' at ˜15 -30 keV. We find that the relativistic reflection from a high-density accretion disc with a broken power-law emissivity profile can simultaneously explain the soft X-ray excess, highly ionized broad iron line and the Compton hump. At low frequencies ([2 - 6] × 10-5 Hz), the power-law continuum dominated 1.5-5 keV band lags behind the reflection dominated 0.3-1 keV band, which is explained with a combination of propagation fluctuation and Comptonization processes, while at higher frequencies ([1 - 2] × 10-4 Hz), we detect a soft lag which is interpreted as a signature of X-ray reverberation from the accretion disc. The fractional root-mean-squared (rms) variability of the source decreases with energy and is well described by two variable components: a less variable relativistic disc reflection and a more variable direct coronal emission. Our combined spectral-timing analyses suggest that the observed broadband X-ray variability of Mrk 1044 is mainly driven by variations in the location or geometry of the optically thin, hot corona.

  12. Eesti reklaamfilm Ameerikas esimene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Andrus Tuisu reklaamiklipp "Vigur krõps - kirik" võitis reklaamfilmide festivalil "The Mobius Advertising Awards 1998" Chicagos esimese koha : Idee autor reklaamiagentuur Kontuur Leo Burnett : Stuudio Manfred Tuisk

  13. Esimene neljandik / Ela Tomson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomson, Ela, 1945-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik, 15. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 15. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 15. apr. 2004, lk. 6; Hiiumaa, 16. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 16. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 17. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 17. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 20. apr. 2004, lk. 15; Hiiu Leht, 20. apr. 2004, lk. 2. Ülevaade Riigikogu töö esimesest neljandikust, olulisematest saavutustest: vanemapalga kehtestamine ja lastetoetuse kahekordistamine, pensionitõus

  14. Gemini Near Infrared Field Spectrograph Observations of the Seyfert 2 Galaxy MRK 573: In Situ Acceleration of Ionized and Molecular Gas Off Fueling Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Travis C.; Machuca, C.; Diniz, M. R.; Crenshaw, D. M.; Kraemer, S. B.; Riffel, R. A.; Schmitt, H. R.; Baron, F.; Storchi-Bergmann, T.; Straughn, A. N.; hide

    2016-01-01

    We present near-infrared and optical emission-line and stellar kinematics of the Seyfert 2 galaxy Mrk 573 using the Near-Infrared Field Spectrograph (NIFS) at Gemini North and Dual Imaging Spectrograph at Apache Point Observatory, respectively. By obtaining full kinematic maps of the infrared ionized and molecular gas and stellar kinematics in approximately 700 x 2100 pc(exp 2) circumnuclear region of Mrk 573, we find that kinematics within the Narrow-Line Region are largely due to a combination of both rotation and in situ acceleration of material originating in the host disk. Combining these observations with large-scale, optical long-slit spectroscopy that traces ionized gas emission out to several kpcs, we find that rotation kinematics dominate the majority of the gas. We find that outflowing gas extends to distances less than 1 kpc, suggesting that outflows in Seyfert galaxies may not be powerful enough to evacuate their entire bulges.

  15. R-band host galaxy contamination of TeV γ-ray blazar Mrk 501: effects of aperture size and seeing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Hai-Cheng; Liu, Hong-Tao; Zhao, Ying-He; Bai, Jin-Ming; Wang, Fang; Fan, Xu-Liang

    2018-02-01

    We simulated the R-band contribution of the host galaxy of TeV γ-ray BL Lac object Mrk 501 in different aperture sizes and seeing conditions. An intensive set of observations was acquired with the 1.02 m optical telescope, managed by Yunnan Observatories, from 2010 May 15 to 18. Based on the host subtraction data usually used in the literature, the subtraction of host galaxy contamination results in significant seeing-brightness correlations. These correlations would lead to illusive large amplitude variations at short timescales, which will mask the intrinsic microvariability, thus giving rise to difficulty in detecting the intrinsic microvariability. Both aperture size and seeing condition influence the flux measurements, but the aperture size impacts the result more significantly. Based on the parameters of an elliptical galaxy provided in the literature, we simulated the host contributions of Mrk 501 in different aperture sizes and seeing conditions. Our simulation data of the host galaxy obviously weaken these significant seeing-brightness correlations for the host-subtracted brightness of Mrk 501, and can help us discover the intrinsic short timescale microvariability. The pure nuclear flux is ∼8.0mJy in the R band, i.e., the AGN has a magnitude of R ∼ 13.96 mag.

  16. Quasi-simultaneous observations of BL Lac object Mrk 501 in X-ray, UV, visible, IR, and radio frequencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kondo, Y.; Worrall, D.M.; Mushotzky, R.F.; Hackney, R.L.; Hackney, K.R.H.; Oke, J.B.; Yee, H.K.C.; Neugebauer, G.; Matthews, K.; Feldman, P.A.; Brown, R.L.

    1981-01-01

    Quasi-simultaneous observations of the BL Lac object Mrk 501 were performed for the first time at X-ray, ultraviolet, visible infrared, and radio frequencies. As the BL Lac objects are known to vary in their flux, such a ''quasi-instantaneous'' spectral energy profile is necessary in order to describe properly the energy generation mechanism. The observed spectral slope from the X-ray to UV regions is positive and continuous, but that from the mid-UV to visible light region becomes gradually flat and possibly turns down toward lower frequencies; the optical-radio emission cannot be accounted for by a single power law. Several theoretical models have been considered for the emission mechanism. In some cases quantitative comparison with the data is not practical. However, most of the models are, at least, not inconsistent with the observations. A quantitative comparison has been peformed with the synchroton self-Compton model; the total spectrum is found consistent with this model. The spectrum from visible light to X-ray is consistent with synchrotron radiation or with inverse-Compton scattering by a hot thermal cloud of electrons. The continuity of the spectral slope from X-ray to UV implied by the current data suggests that the previous estimates of the total luminosity of this BL Lac object has been underestimated by a factor of about 3 or 4

  17. Quasi-simultaneous observations of BL Lac object Mrk 501 in X-ray, UV, visible, IR, and radio frequencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondo, Y.; Worrall, D. M.; Oke, J. B.; Yee, H. K. C.; Neugebauer, G.; Matthews, K.; Feldman, P. A.; Mushotzky, R. F.; Hackney, R. L.; Hackney, K. R. H.

    1981-01-01

    Observations in the X-ray, UV, visible, IR and radio regions of the BL Lac object Mrk 501 made over the course of two months are reported. The measurements were made with the A2 experiment on HEAO 1 (X-ray), the SWP and LWR cameras on IUE (UV), the 5-m Hale telescope (visible), the 2.5-m telescope at Mount Wilson (IR), the NRAO 92-m radio telescope at Green Bank (4750 MHz) and the 46-m radio telescope at the Algonquin Observatory (10275 and 10650 MHz). The quasi-simultaneously observed spectral slope is found to be positive and continuous from the X-ray to the UV, but to gradually flatten and possibly turn down from the mid-UV to the visible; the optical-radio emission cannot be accounted for by a single power law. The total spectrum is shown to be compatible with a synchrotron self-Compton emission mechanism, while the spectrum from the visible to the X-ray is consistent with synchrotron radiation or inverse-Compton scattering by a hot thermal electron cloud. The continuity of the spectrum from the UV to the X-ray is noted to imply a total luminosity greater than previous estimates by a factor of 3-4.

  18. Detecting metal-poor gas accretion in the star-forming dwarf galaxies UM 461 and Mrk 600

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagos, P.; Scott, T. C.; Nigoche-Netro, A.; Demarco, R.; Humphrey, A.; Papaderos, P.

    2018-03-01

    Using VIMOS-IFU observations, we study the interstellar medium (ISM) of two star-forming dwarf galaxies, UM 461 and Mrk 600. Our aim was to search for the existence of metallicity inhomogeneities that might arise from infall of nearly pristine gas feeding ongoing localized star-formation. The IFU data allowed us to study the impact of external gas accretion on the chemical evolution as well as the ionised gas kinematics and morphologies of these galaxies. Both systems show signs of morphological distortions, including cometary-like morphologies. We analysed the spatial variation of 12 + log(O/H) abundances within both galaxies using the direct method (Te), the widely applied HII-CHI-mistry code, as well as by employing different standard calibrations. For UM 461 our results show that the ISM is fairly well mixed, at large scales, however we find an off-centre and low-metallicity region with 12 + log(O/H) ISM in our analysed galaxies are consistent with these systems being at different evolutionary stages.

  19. STAR CLUSTER COMPLEXES AND THE HOST GALAXY IN THREE H II GALAXIES: Mrk 36, UM 408, AND UM 461

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lagos, P. [Centro de Astrofisica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); Telles, E. [Observatorio Nacional, Rua Jose Cristino, 77, Rio de Janeiro 20921-400 (Brazil); Nigoche-Netro, A. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (IAA), Glorieta de la Astronomia s/n, 18008 Granada (Spain); Carrasco, E. R., E-mail: plagos@astro.up.pt, E-mail: etelles@on.br, E-mail: nigoche@iaa.es, E-mail: rcarrasco@gemini.edu [Gemini Observatory/AURA, Southern Operations Center, Casilla 603, La Serena (Chile)

    2011-11-15

    We present a stellar population study of three H II galaxies (Mrk 36, UM 408, and UM 461) based on the analysis of new ground-based high-resolution near-infrared J, H, and K{sub p} broadband and Br{gamma} narrowband images obtained with Gemini/NIRI. We identify and determine the relative ages and masses of the elementary star clusters and/or star cluster complexes of the starburst regions in each of these galaxies by comparing the colors with evolutionary synthesis models that include the contribution of stellar continuum, nebular continuum, and emission lines. We found that the current star cluster formation efficiency in our sample of low-luminosity H II galaxies is {approx}10%. Therefore, most of the recent star formation is not in massive clusters. Our findings seem to indicate that the star formation mode in our sample of galaxies is clumpy, and that these complexes are formed by a few massive star clusters with masses {approx}>10{sup 4} M{sub Sun }. The age distribution of these star cluster complexes shows that the current burst started recently and likely simultaneously over short timescales in their host galaxies, triggered by some internal mechanism. Finally, the fraction of the total cluster mass with respect to the low surface brightness (or host galaxy) mass, considering our complete range in ages, is less than 1%.

  20. Exploring the origin of broad-band emissions of Mrk 501 with a two-zone model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Maichang; Yang, Chuyuan; Wang, Jiancheng; Yang, Xiaolin

    2018-04-01

    We propose a two-zone synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model, including an inner gamma-ray emitting region with spherical shape and a conical radio emitting region located at the extended jet, to alleviate the long-standing "bulk Lorentz factor crisis" in blazars. In this model, the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of blazars are produced by considering the gamma-ray emitting region inverse Compton scattering of both the synchrotron photons itself and the ambient photons from the radio emitting region. Applying the model to Mrk 501, we obtain that the radio emitting region has a comoving length of ˜0.15 pc and is located at sub-parsec scale from the central engine by modeling the radio data; the flux of the Compton scattering of the ambient photons is so low that it can be neglected safely. The characteristic hard gamma-ray spectrum can be explained by the superposition of two SSC processes, and the model can approximately explain the very high energy (VHE) data. The insights into the spectral shape and the inter-band correlations under the flaring state will provide us with a diagnostic for the bulk Lorentz factor of radio emitting region, where the low and upper limits of 8 and 15 are preferred, and for the two-zone SSC model itself. In addition, our two-zone SSC model shows that the gamma-ray emitting region creates flare on the timescale of merely a few hours, and the long time outbursts more likely originate from the extended radio emitting region.

  1. The Nustar Spectrum of Mrk 335: Extreme Relativistic Effects Within Two Gravitational Radii of the Event Horizon?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, M. L.; Wilkins, D. R.; Fabian, A. C.; Grupe, D.; Dauser, T.; Matt, G.; Harrison, F. A.; Brenneman, L.; Boggs, S. E.; Christensen, F. E.; hide

    2014-01-01

    We present 3-50 keV NuSTAR observations of the active galactic nuclei Mrk 335 in a very low flux state. The spectrum is dominated by very strong features at the energies of the iron line at 5-7 keV and Compton hump from 10-30 keV. The source is variable during the observation, with the variability concentrated at low energies, which suggesting either a relativistic reflection or a variable absorption scenario. In this work, we focus on the reflection interpretation, making use of new relativistic reflection models that self consistently calculate the reflection fraction, relativistic blurring and angle-dependent reflection spectrum for different coronal heights to model the spectra. We find that the spectra can be well fitted with relativistic reflection, and that the lowest flux state spectrum is described by reflection alone, suggesting the effects of extreme light-bending occurring within approx. 2 gravitational radii (RG) of the event horizon. The reflection fraction decreases sharply with increasing flux, consistent with a point source moving up to above 10 RG as the source brightens. We constrain the spin parameter to greater than 0.9 at the 3(sigma) confidence level. By adding a spin-dependent upper limit on the reflection fraction to our models, we demonstrate that this can be a powerful way of constraining the spin parameter, particularly in reflection dominated states. We also calculate a detailed emissivity profile for the iron line, and find that it closely matches theoretical predictions for a compact source within a few RG of the black hole.

  2. X-ray/UV Observing Campaign on the Mrk 279 AGN Outflow: A Global Fitting Analysis of the UV Absorption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gabel, J.

    2005-03-17

    We present an analysis of the intrinsic UV absorption in the Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 279 based on simultaneous long observations with the ''Hubble Space Telescope'' (41 ks) and the ''Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer'' (91 ks). To extract the line-of-sight covering factors and ionic column densities, we separately fit two groups of absorption lines: the Lyman series and the CNO lithium-like doublets. For the CNO doublets we assume that all three ions share the same covering factors. The fitting method applied here overcomes some limitations of the traditional method using individual doublet pairs; it allows for the treatment of more complex, physically realistic scenarios for the absorption-emission geometry and eliminates systematic errors that we show are introduced by spectral noise. We derive velocity-dependent solutions based on two models of geometrical covering--a single covering factor for all background emission sources, and separate covering factors for the continuum and emission lines. Although both models give good statistical fits to the observed absorption, we favor the model with two covering factors because: (a) the best-fit covering factors for both emission sources are similar for the independent Lyman series and CNO doublet fits; (b) the fits are consistent with full coverage of the continuum source and partial coverage of the emission lines by the absorbers, as expected from the relative sizes of the nuclear emission components; and (c) it provides a natural explanation for variability in the Lya absorption detected in an earlier epoch. We also explore physical and geometrical constraints on the outflow from these results.

  3. GEMINI NEAR INFRARED FIELD SPECTROGRAPH OBSERVATIONS OF THE SEYFERT 2 GALAXY MRK 573: IN SITU ACCELERATION OF IONIZED AND MOLECULAR GAS OFF FUELING FLOWS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, Travis C.; Straughn, A. N. [Astrophysics Science Division, Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 665, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Machuca, C.; Crenshaw, D. M.; Baron, F.; Revalski, M.; Pope, C. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Astronomy Offices, 25 Park Place, Suite 605, Atlanta, GA 30303 (United States); Diniz, M. R.; Riffel, R. A. [Departamento de Física, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900 Santa Maria, RS (Brazil); Kraemer, S. B. [Institute for Astrophysics and Computational Sciences, Department of Physics, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064 (United States); Schmitt, H. R. [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Storchi-Bergmann, T., E-mail: travis.c.fischer@nasa.gov [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, IF, CP 15051, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

    2017-01-01

    We present near-infrared and optical emission-line and stellar kinematics of the Seyfert 2 galaxy Mrk 573 using the Near-Infrared Field Spectrograph (NIFS) at Gemini North and Dual Imaging Spectrograph at Apache Point Observatory, respectively. By obtaining full kinematic maps of the infrared ionized and molecular gas and stellar kinematics in a ∼700 × 2100 pc{sup 2} circumnuclear region of Mrk 573, we find that kinematics within the Narrow-Line Region are largely due to a combination of both rotation and in situ acceleration of material originating in the host disk. Combining these observations with large-scale, optical long-slit spectroscopy that traces ionized gas emission out to several kpcs, we find that rotation kinematics dominate the majority of the gas. We find that outflowing gas extends to distances less than 1 kpc, suggesting that outflows in Seyfert galaxies may not be powerful enough to evacuate their entire bulges.

  4. MAXI INVESTIGATION INTO THE LONG-TERM X-RAY VARIABILITY FROM THE VERY-HIGH-ENERGY γ-RAY BLAZAR Mrk 421

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isobe, Naoki [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Sato, Ryosuke; Ueda, Yoshihiro; Hayashida, Masaaki; Shidatsu, Megumi; Kawamuro, Taiki [Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Ueno, Shiro; Matsuoka, Masaru [ISS Science Project Office, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), 2-1-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8505 (Japan); Sugizaki, Mutsumi; Sugimoto, Juri; Mihara, Tatehiro [MAXI team, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Negoro, Hitoshi, E-mail: n-isobe@ir.isas.jaxa.jp [Department of Physics, Nihon University, 1-8-14 Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8308 (Japan)

    2015-01-01

    The archetypical very-high-energy γ-ray blazar Mrk 421 was monitored for more than three years with the Gas Slit Camera on board Monitor of All Sky X-ray Image (MAXI), and its long-term X-ray variability was investigated. The MAXI light curve in the 3-10 keV range was transformed into the periodogram in the frequency range f = 1 × 10{sup –8}-2 × 10{sup –6} Hz. The artifacts on the periodogram, resulting from data gaps in the observed light curve, were extensively simulated for variations with a power-law-like power spectrum density (PSD). By comparing the observed and simulated periodograms, the PSD index was evaluated as α = 1.60 ± 0.25. This index is smaller than that obtained in the higher-frequency range (f ≳ 1 × 10{sup –5} Hz), namely, α = 2.14 ± 0.06 in the 1998 ASCA observation of the object. The MAXI data impose a lower limit on the PSD break at f {sub b} = 5 × 10{sup –6} Hz, consistent with the break of f {sub b} = 9.5 × 10{sup –6} Hz suggested from the ASCA data. The low-frequency PSD index of Mrk 421 derived with MAXI falls well within the range of typical values among nearby Seyfert galaxies (α = 1-2). The physical implications from these results are briefly discussed.

  5. 4.5 YEARS OF MULTI-WAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF MRK 421 DURING THE ARGO-YBJ AND FERMI COMMON OPERATION TIME

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartoli, B.; Catalanotti, S.; Piazzoli, B. D’Ettorre; Girolamo, T. Di [Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università di Napoli “Federico II,” Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant’Angelo, via Cinthia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Bernardini, P.; D’Amone, A.; Mitri, I. De [Dipartimento Matematica e Fisica “Ennio De Giorgi,” Università del Salento, via per Arnesano, I-73100 Lecce (Italy); Bi, X. J.; Cao, Z.; Chen, S. Z.; Feng, Zhaoyang; Gou, Q. B.; Guo, Y. Q. [Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 918, 100049 Beijing (China); Chen, T. L.; Danzengluobu [Tibet University, 850000 Lhasa, Xizang (China); Cui, S. W. [Hebei Normal University, 050024, Shijiazhuang Hebei (China); Dai, B. Z. [Yunnan University, 2 North Cuihu Road, 650091 Kunming, Yunnan (China); Sciascio, G. Di [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Feng, C. F. [Shandong University, 250100 Jinan, Shandong (China); Feng, Zhenyong, E-mail: chensz@ihep.ac.cn [Southwest Jiaotong University, 610031 Chengdu, Sichuan (China); Collaboration: ARGO-YBJ Collaboration; and others

    2016-01-15

    We report on the extensive multi-wavelength observations of the blazar Markarian 421 (Mrk 421) covering radio to γ-rays, during the 4.5 year period of ARGO-YBJ and Fermi common operation time, from 2008 August to 2013 February. These long-term observations, extending over an energy range of 18 orders of magnitude, provide a unique chance to study the variable emission of Mrk 421. In particular, due to the ARGO-YBJ and Fermi data, the entire energy range from 100 MeV to 10 TeV is covered without any gap. In the observation period, Mrk 421 showed both low- and high-activity states at all wavebands. The correlations among flux variations in different wavebands were analyzed. The X-ray flux is clearly correlated with the TeV γ-ray flux, while the GeV γ-rays only show a partial correlation with the TeV γ-rays. Radio and UV fluxes seem to be weakly or not correlated with the X-ray and γ-ray fluxes. Seven large flares, including five X-ray flares and two GeV γ-ray flares with variable durations (3–58 days), and one X-ray outburst phase were identified and used to investigate the variation of the spectral energy distribution with respect to a relative quiescent phase. During the outburst phase and the seven flaring episodes, the peak energy in X-rays is observed to increase from sub-keV to a few keV. The TeV γ-ray flux increases up to 0.9–7.2 times the flux of the Crab Nebula. The behavior of GeV γ-rays is found to vary depending on the flare, a feature that leads us to classify flares into three groups according to the GeV flux variation. Finally, the one-zone synchrotron self-Compton model was adopted to describe the emission spectra. Two out of three groups can be satisfactorily described using injected electrons with a power-law spectral index around 2.2, as expected from relativistic diffuse shock acceleration, whereas the remaining group requires a harder injected spectrum. The underlying physical mechanisms responsible for different groups may be

  6. The H i Chronicles of LITTLE THINGS BCDs. III. Gas Clouds in and around Mrk 178, VII Zw 403, and NGC 3738

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ashley, Trisha; Simpson, Caroline E.; Pokhrel, Nau Raj; Elmegreen, Bruce G.; Johnson, Megan

    2017-01-01

    In most blue compact dwarf (BCD) galaxies, it remains unclear what triggers their bursts of star formation. We study the H i of three relatively isolated BCDs, Mrk 178, VII Zw 403, and NGC 3738, in detail to look for signatures of star formation triggers, such as gas cloud consumption, dwarf–dwarf mergers, and interactions with companions. High angular and velocity resolution atomic hydrogen (H i) data from the Very Large Array (VLA) dwarf galaxy H i survey, Local Irregulars That Trace Luminosity Extremes, The H i Nearby Galaxy Survey (LITTLE THINGS), allow us to study the detailed kinematics and morphologies of the BCDs in H i. We also present high-sensitivity H i maps from the NRAO Green Bank Telescope (GBT) of each BCD to search their surrounding regions for extended tenuous emission or companions. The GBT data do not show any distinct galaxies obviously interacting with the BCDs. The VLA data indicate several possible star formation triggers in these BCDs. Mrk 178 likely has a gas cloud impacting the southeast end of its disk or it is experiencing ram pressure stripping. VII Zw 403 has a large gas cloud in its foreground or background that shows evidence of accreting onto the disk. NGC 3738 has several possible explanations for its stellar morphology and H i morphology and kinematics: an advanced merger, strong stellar feedback, or ram pressure stripping. Although apparently isolated, the H i data of all three BCDs indicate that they may be interacting with their environments, which could be triggering their bursts of star formation.

  7. The H i Chronicles of LITTLE THINGS BCDs. III. Gas Clouds in and around Mrk 178, VII Zw 403, and NGC 3738

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ashley, Trisha; Simpson, Caroline E.; Pokhrel, Nau Raj [Department of Physics, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, CP 204, Miami, FL 33199 (United States); Elmegreen, Bruce G. [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, 1101 Kitchawan Road, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 (United States); Johnson, Megan, E-mail: trisha.l.ashley@nasa.gov, E-mail: simpsonc@fiu.edu, E-mail: npokh001@fiu.edu, E-mail: bge@us.ibm.com, E-mail: megan.johnson@csiro.au [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, P.O. Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710 Australia (Australia)

    2017-03-01

    In most blue compact dwarf (BCD) galaxies, it remains unclear what triggers their bursts of star formation. We study the H i of three relatively isolated BCDs, Mrk 178, VII Zw 403, and NGC 3738, in detail to look for signatures of star formation triggers, such as gas cloud consumption, dwarf–dwarf mergers, and interactions with companions. High angular and velocity resolution atomic hydrogen (H i) data from the Very Large Array (VLA) dwarf galaxy H i survey, Local Irregulars That Trace Luminosity Extremes, The H i Nearby Galaxy Survey (LITTLE THINGS), allow us to study the detailed kinematics and morphologies of the BCDs in H i. We also present high-sensitivity H i maps from the NRAO Green Bank Telescope (GBT) of each BCD to search their surrounding regions for extended tenuous emission or companions. The GBT data do not show any distinct galaxies obviously interacting with the BCDs. The VLA data indicate several possible star formation triggers in these BCDs. Mrk 178 likely has a gas cloud impacting the southeast end of its disk or it is experiencing ram pressure stripping. VII Zw 403 has a large gas cloud in its foreground or background that shows evidence of accreting onto the disk. NGC 3738 has several possible explanations for its stellar morphology and H i morphology and kinematics: an advanced merger, strong stellar feedback, or ram pressure stripping. Although apparently isolated, the H i data of all three BCDs indicate that they may be interacting with their environments, which could be triggering their bursts of star formation.

  8. Esimene foto Tallinnast? / Tõnis Liibek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liibek, Tõnis

    2007-01-01

    Kõigi eelduste kohaselt võiks vanim Tallinna kujutav foto pärineda ajavahemikust 1845-55. Suure tõenäosusega võib vanim Tallinna foto asuda Saksamaal, olles ümberasujate poolt kaasa võetud. Teadaolevalt vanim Tallinna fotojäädvustus pärineb 1850. aastate lõpust, reservatsioonidega võiks see olla Tallinna Linnamuuseumis säilitatav ülesvõte Toompeale viivast äsja valminud Falgi teest. Tallinnas tegutsenud esimestest fotograafidest.

  9. Näidendi esimene lugemine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    20. dets. tuleb Eesti Draamateatri maalisaalis esimesele lugemisele Mart Aasa näidend "Café Utopia. Täielik tragöödia". Loevad EMTA lavakunstikooli XXIII lennu näitlejad, lavastajana juhendab Lauri Lagle

  10. Esimene avalik filmiseanss / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2007-01-01

    Thomas Alva Edisoni kinetoskoobi patendi omandamise ebaseseaduslikkusest : Gordon Hendricks oma raamatus "Edisoni filmimüüt" tõestavat, et autorlus pidanuks kuuluma William Kennedy Laurie Dicksonile (1860-1935)

  11. "Berlinale" esimene poolaeg / Endel Link

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Link, Endel

    2004-01-01

    Berliini filmifestivali mängufilme - "Tunnistaja" ("Svjedoci") : režissöör Vinko Breshan : Horvaatia, "Country of My Skull" : režissöör John Boorman : Suurbritannia, "Koletis" ("Monster") : režissöör Patty Jenkins : Ameerika Ühendriigid, "Kadunud" ("The Missing") : režissöör Ron Howard : Ameerika Ühendriigid, "Mida süda soovib" ("Something's Gotta Give") : režissöör Nancy Meyer ja "Ilus maa" ("Beautiful Country") : režissöör Hans Petter Moland : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Norra

  12. Multiwavelength Study of Quiescent States of Mrk 421 with Unprecedented Hard X-Ray Coverage Provided by NuSTAR in 2013

    CERN Document Server

    Baloković, M.; Madejski, G.; Furniss, A.; Chiang, J.; Ajello, M.; Alexander, D.M.; Barret, D.; Blandford, R.; Boggs, S.E.; Christensen, F.E.; Craig, W.W.; Forster, K.; Giommi, P.; Grefenstette, B.W.; Hailey, C.J.; Harrison, F.A.; Hornstrup, A.; Kitaguchi, T.; Koglin, J.E.; Madsen, K.K.; Mao, P.H.; Miyasaka, H.; Mori, K.; Perri, M.; Pivovaroff, M.J.; Puccetti, S.; Rana, V.; Stern, D.; Tagliaferri, G.; Urry, C.M.; Westergaard, N.J.; Zhang, W.W.; Zoglauer, A.; Archambault, S.; Archer, A.A.; Barnacka, A.; Benbow, W.; Bird, R.; Buckley, J.; Bugaev, V.; Cerruti, M.; Chen, X.; Ciupik, L.; Connolly, M.P.; Cui, W.; Dickinson, H.J.; Dumm, J.; Eisch, J.D.; Falcone, A.; Feng, Q.; Finley, J.P.; Fleischhack, H.; Fortson, L.; Griffin, S.; Griffiths, S.T.; Grube, J.; Gyuk, G.; Huetten, M.; Haakansson, N.; Holder, J.; Humensky, T.B.; Johnson, C.A.; Kaaret, P.; Kertzman, M.; Khassen, Y.; Kieda, D.; Krause, M.; Krennrich, F.; Lang, M.J.; Maier, G.; McArthur, S.; Meagher, K.; Moriarty, P.; Nelson, T.; Nieto, D.; Ong, R.A.; Park, N.; Pohl, M.; Popkow, A.; Pueschel, E.; Reynolds, P.T.; Richards, G.T.; Roache, E.; Santander, M.; Sembroski, G.H.; Shahinyan, K.; Smith, A.W.; Staszak, D.; Telezhinsky, I.; Todd, N.W.; Tucci, J.V.; Tyler, J.; Vincent, S.; Weinstein, A.; Wilhelm, A.; Williams, D.A.; Zitzer, B.; Ahnen, M.L.; Ansoldi, S.; Antonelli, L.A.; Antoranz, P.; Babic, A.; Banerjee, B.; Bangale, P.; Barres de Almeida, U.; Barrio, J.; Becerra González, J.; Bednarek, W.; Bernardini, E.; Biasuzzi, B.; Biland, A.; Blanch, O.; Bonnefoy, S.; Bonnoli, G.; Borracci, F.; Bretz, T.; Carmona, E.; Carosi, A.; Chatterjee, A.; Clavero, R.; Colin, P.; Colombo, E.; Contreras, J.L.; Cortina, J.; Covino, S.; Da Vela, P.; Dazzi, F.; de Angelis, A.; De Lotto, B.; Wilhelmi, E. D. de Oña; Delgado Mendez, C.; Di Pierro, F.; Dominis Prester, D.; Dorner, D.; Doro, M.; Einecke, S.; Elsaesser, D.; Fernández-Barral, A.; Fidalgo, D.; Fonseca, M.V.; Font, L.; Frantzen, K.; Fruck, C.; Galindo, D.; López, R. J. García; Garczarczyk, M.; Garrido Terrats, D.; Gaug, M.; Giammaria, P.; Eisenacher, D.; Godinović, N.; González Muñoz, A.; Guberman, D.; Hahn, A.; Hanabata, Y.; Hayashida, M.; Herrera, J.; Hose, J.; Hrupec, D.; Hughes, G.; Idec, W.; Kodani, K.; Konno, Y.; Kubo, H.; Kushida, J.; La Barbera, A.; Lelas, D.; Lindfors, E.; Lombardi, S.; Longo, F.; López, M.; López-Coto, R.; López-Oramas, A.; Lorenz, E.; Majumdar, P.; Makariev, M.; Mallot, K.; Maneva, G.; Manganaro, M.; Mannheim, K.; Maraschi, L.; Marcote, B.; Mariotti, M.; Martínez, M.; Mazin, D.; Menzel, U.; Miranda, J.M.; Mirzoyan, R.; Moralejo, A.; Moretti, E.; Nakajima, D.; Neustroev, V.; Niedzwiecki, A.; Nievas-Rosillo, M.; Nilsson, K.; Nishijima, K.; Noda, K.; Orito, R.; Overkemping, A.; Paiano, S.; Palacio, S.; Palatiello, M.; Paoletti, R.; Paredes, J.M.; Paredes-Fortuny, X.; Persic, M.; Poutanen, J.; Prada Moroni, P. G.; Prandini, E.; Puljak, I.; Rhode, W.; Ribó, M.; Rico, J.; Garcia, J. Rodriguez; Saito, T.; Satalecka, K.; Scapin, V.; Schultz, C.; Schweizer, T.; Shore, S.N.; Sillanpää, A.; Sitarek, J.; Snidaric, I.; Sobczynska, D.; Stamerra, A.; Steinbring, T.; Strzys, M.; Takalo, L.O.; Takami, H.; Tavecchio, F.; Temnikov, P.; Terzić, T.; Tescaro, D.; Teshima, M.; Thaele, J.; Torres, D.F.; Toyama, T.; Treves, A.; Verguilov, V.; Vovk, I.; Ward, J.E.; Will, M.; Wu, M.H.; Zanin, R.; Perkins, J.; Verrecchia, F.; Leto, C.; Böttcher, M.; Villata, M.; Raiteri, C.M.; Acosta-Pulido, J.A.; Bachev, R.; Berdyugin, A.; Blinov, D.A.; Carnerero, M.I.; Chen, W.P.; Chinchilla, P.; Damljanovic, G.; Eswaraiah, C.; Grishina, T.S.; Ibryamov, S.; Jordan, B.; Jorstad, S.G.; Joshi, M.; Kopatskaya, E.N.; Kurtanidze, O.M.; Kurtanidze, S.O.; Larionova, E.G.; Larionova, L.V.; Larionov, V.M.; Latev, G.; Lin, H.C.; Marscher, A.P.; Mokrushina, A.A.; Morozova, D.A.; Nikolashvili, M.G.; Semkov, E.; Strigachev, A.; Troitskaya, Yu. V.; Troitsky, I.S.; Vince, O.; Barnes, J.; Güver, T.; Moody, J.W.; Sadun, A.C.; Sun, S.; Hovatta, T.; Richards, J.L.; Max-Moerbeck, W.; Readhead, A.C.; Lähteenmäki, A.; Tornikoski, M.; Tammi, J.; Ramakrishnan, V.; Reinthal, R.; Angelakis, E.; Fuhrmann, L.; Myserlis, I.; Karamanavis, V.; Sievers, A.; Ungerechts, H.; Zensus, J.A.

    2016-01-01

    We present coordinated multiwavelength observations of the bright, nearby BL Lac object Mrk 421 taken in 2013 January-March, involving GASP-WEBT, Swift, NuSTAR, Fermi-LAT, MAGIC, VERITAS, and other collaborations and instruments, providing data from radio to very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray bands. NuSTAR yielded previously unattainable sensitivity in the 3-79 keV range, revealing that the spectrum softens when the source is dimmer until the X-ray spectral shape saturates into a steep power law with a photon index of approximately 3, with no evidence for an exponential cutoff or additional hard components up to about 80 keV. For the first time, we observed both the synchrotron and the inverse-Compton peaks of the spectral energy distribution (SED) simultaneously shifted to frequencies below the typical quiescent state by an order of magnitude. The fractional variability as a function of photon energy shows a double-bump structure which relates to the two bumps of the broadband SED. In each bump, the variabilit...

  13. A REVERBERATION LAG FOR THE HIGH-IONIZATION COMPONENT OF THE BROAD-LINE REGION IN THE NARROW-LINE SEYFERT 1 Mrk 335

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grier, C. J.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; Martini, Paul; Zu, Y.; Kochanek, C. S.; Shappee, B. J.; Stanek, K. Z.; Araya Salvo, C.; Beatty, T. G.; Bird, J. C.; Denney, K. D.; Bentz, M. C.; Sergeev, S. G.; Borman, G. A.; Kaspi, S.; Bord, D. J.; Che, X.; Chen, C.; Cohen, S. A.

    2012-01-01

    We present the first results from a detailed analysis of photometric and spectrophotometric data on the narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxy Mrk 335, collected over a 120 day span in the fall of 2010. From these data we measure the lag in the He II λ4686 broad emission line relative to the optical continuum to be 2.7 ± 0.6 days and the lag in the Hβλ4861 broad emission line to be 13.9 ± 0.9 days. Combined with the line width, the He II lag yields a black hole mass M BH = (2.6 ± 0.8) × 10 7 M ☉ . This measurement is consistent with measurements made using the Hβλ4861 line, suggesting that the He II emission originates in the same structure as Hβ, but at a much smaller radius. This constitutes the first robust lag measurement for a high-ionization line in an NLS1 galaxy and supports a scenario in which the He II emission originates from gas in virial motion rather than outflow.

  14. A REVERBERATION LAG FOR THE HIGH-IONIZATION COMPONENT OF THE BROAD-LINE REGION IN THE NARROW-LINE SEYFERT 1 Mrk 335

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grier, C. J.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; Martini, Paul; Zu, Y.; Kochanek, C. S.; Shappee, B. J.; Stanek, K. Z.; Araya Salvo, C.; Beatty, T. G.; Bird, J. C. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 W 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Denney, K. D. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Bentz, M. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Astronomy Offices, One Park Place South SE, Suite 700, Atlanta, GA 30303 (United States); Sergeev, S. G.; Borman, G. A. [Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, P/O Nauchny Crimea 98409 (Ukraine); Kaspi, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Bord, D. J. [Department of Natural Sciences, The University of Michigan-Dearborn, 4901 Evergreen Rd, Dearborn, MI 48128 (United States); Che, X. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 41809 (United States); Chen, C.; Cohen, S. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, 6127 Wilder Laboratory, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States); and others

    2012-01-15

    We present the first results from a detailed analysis of photometric and spectrophotometric data on the narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxy Mrk 335, collected over a 120 day span in the fall of 2010. From these data we measure the lag in the He II {lambda}4686 broad emission line relative to the optical continuum to be 2.7 {+-} 0.6 days and the lag in the H{beta}{lambda}4861 broad emission line to be 13.9 {+-} 0.9 days. Combined with the line width, the He II lag yields a black hole mass M{sub BH} = (2.6 {+-} 0.8) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} M{sub Sun }. This measurement is consistent with measurements made using the H{beta}{lambda}4861 line, suggesting that the He II emission originates in the same structure as H{beta}, but at a much smaller radius. This constitutes the first robust lag measurement for a high-ionization line in an NLS1 galaxy and supports a scenario in which the He II emission originates from gas in virial motion rather than outflow.

  15. A SEARCH FOR SPECTRAL HYSTERESIS AND ENERGY-DEPENDENT TIME LAGS FROM X-RAY AND TeV GAMMA-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF Mrk 421

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abeysekara, A. U.; Flinders, A.; Archambault, S.; Feng, Q.; Archer, A.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Benbow, W.; Cerruti, M.; Bird, R.; Buchovecky, M.; Cardenzana, J. V; Eisch, J. D.; Chen, X.; Ciupik, L.; Connolly, M. P.; Cui, W.; Finley, J. P.; Falcone, A.; Fleischhack, H.

    2017-01-01

    Blazars are variable emitters across all wavelengths over a wide range of timescales, from months down to minutes. It is therefore essential to observe blazars simultaneously at different wavelengths, especially in the X-ray and gamma-ray bands, where the broadband spectral energy distributions usually peak. In this work, we report on three “target-of-opportunity” observations of Mrk 421, one of the brightest TeV blazars, triggered by a strong flaring event at TeV energies in 2014. These observations feature long, continuous, and simultaneous exposures with XMM-Newton (covering the X-ray and optical/ultraviolet bands) and VERITAS (covering the TeV gamma-ray band), along with contemporaneous observations from other gamma-ray facilities (MAGIC and Fermi -Large Area Telescope) and a number of radio and optical facilities. Although neither rapid flares nor significant X-ray/TeV correlation are detected, these observations reveal subtle changes in the X-ray spectrum of the source over the course of a few days. We search the simultaneous X-ray and TeV data for spectral hysteresis patterns and time delays, which could provide insight into the emission mechanisms and the source properties (e.g., the radius of the emitting region, the strength of the magnetic field, and related timescales). The observed broadband spectra are consistent with a one-zone synchrotron self-Compton model. We find that the power spectral density distribution at ≳4 × 10 −4 Hz from the X-ray data can be described by a power-law model with an index value between 1.2 and 1.8, and do not find evidence for a steepening of the power spectral index (often associated with a characteristic length scale) compared to the previously reported values at lower frequencies.

  16. A SEARCH FOR SPECTRAL HYSTERESIS AND ENERGY-DEPENDENT TIME LAGS FROM X-RAY AND TeV GAMMA-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF Mrk 421

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abeysekara, A. U.; Flinders, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Archambault, S.; Feng, Q. [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Archer, A.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Benbow, W.; Cerruti, M. [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States); Bird, R.; Buchovecky, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Cardenzana, J. V; Eisch, J. D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Chen, X. [Institute of Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, D-14476 Potsdam-Golm (Germany); Ciupik, L. [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Connolly, M. P. [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland); Cui, W.; Finley, J. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Falcone, A. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Fleischhack, H. [DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Collaboration: VERITAS Collaboration; MAGIC Collaboration; and others

    2017-01-01

    Blazars are variable emitters across all wavelengths over a wide range of timescales, from months down to minutes. It is therefore essential to observe blazars simultaneously at different wavelengths, especially in the X-ray and gamma-ray bands, where the broadband spectral energy distributions usually peak. In this work, we report on three “target-of-opportunity” observations of Mrk 421, one of the brightest TeV blazars, triggered by a strong flaring event at TeV energies in 2014. These observations feature long, continuous, and simultaneous exposures with XMM-Newton (covering the X-ray and optical/ultraviolet bands) and VERITAS (covering the TeV gamma-ray band), along with contemporaneous observations from other gamma-ray facilities (MAGIC and Fermi -Large Area Telescope) and a number of radio and optical facilities. Although neither rapid flares nor significant X-ray/TeV correlation are detected, these observations reveal subtle changes in the X-ray spectrum of the source over the course of a few days. We search the simultaneous X-ray and TeV data for spectral hysteresis patterns and time delays, which could provide insight into the emission mechanisms and the source properties (e.g., the radius of the emitting region, the strength of the magnetic field, and related timescales). The observed broadband spectra are consistent with a one-zone synchrotron self-Compton model. We find that the power spectral density distribution at ≳4 × 10{sup −4} Hz from the X-ray data can be described by a power-law model with an index value between 1.2 and 1.8, and do not find evidence for a steepening of the power spectral index (often associated with a characteristic length scale) compared to the previously reported values at lower frequencies.

  17. Spatially resolved star formation and dust attenuation in Mrk 848: Comparison of the integral field spectra and the UV-to-IR SED

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Fang-Ting; Argudo-Fernández, María; Shen, Shiyin; Hao, Lei; Jiang, Chunyan; Yin, Jun; Boquien, Médéric; Lin, Lihwai

    2018-05-01

    We investigate the star formation history and the dust attenuation in the galaxy merger Mrk 848. Thanks to the multiwavelength photometry from the ultraviolet (UV) to the infrared (IR), and MaNGA's integral field spectroscopy, we are able to study this merger in a detailed way. We divide the whole merger into the core and tail regions, and fit both the optical spectrum and the multi-band spectral energy distribution (SED) to models to obtain the star formation properties for each region respectively. We find that the color excess of stars in the galaxy E(B-V)sSED measured with the multi-band SED fitting is consistent with that estimated both from the infrared excess (the ratio of IR to UV flux) and from the slope of the UV continuum. Furthermore, the reliability of the E(B-V)sSED is examined with a set of mock SEDs, showing that the dust attenuation of the stars can be well constrained by the UV-to-IR broadband SED fitting. The dust attenuation obtained from optical continuum E(B-V)sspec is only about half of E(B-V)sSED. The ratio of the E(B-V)sspec to the E(B-V)g obtained from the Balmer decrement is consistent with the local value (around 0.5). The difference between the results from the UV-to-IR data and the optical data is consistent with the picture that younger stellar populations are attenuated by an extra dust component from the birth clouds compared to older stellar populations which are only attenuated by the diffuse dust. Both with the UV-to-IR SED fitting and the spectral fitting, we find that there is a starburst younger than 100 Myr in one of the two core regions, consistent with the scenario that the interaction-induced gas inflow can enhance the star formation in the center of galaxies.

  18. THE RISE OF AN IONIZED WIND IN THE NARROW-LINE SEYFERT 1 GALAXY Mrk 335 OBSERVED BY XMM-NEWTON AND HST

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Longinotti, A. L.; Krongold, Y.; Kriss, G. A.; Ely, J.; Gallo, L.; Grupe, D.; Komossa, S.; Mathur, S.; Pradhan, A.

    2013-01-01

    We present the discovery of an outflowing ionized wind in the Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 335. Despite having been extensively observed by most of the largest X-ray observatories in the last decade, this bright source was not known to host warm absorber gas until recent XMM-Newton observations in combination with a long-term Swift monitoring program have shown extreme flux and spectral variability. High-resolution spectra obtained by the XMM-Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometer (RGS) detector reveal that the wind consists of three distinct ionization components, all outflowing at a velocity of ∼5000 km s –1 . This wind is clearly revealed when the source is observed at an intermediate flux state (2-5 × 10 –12 erg cm –2 s –1 ). The analysis of multi-epoch RGS spectra allowed us to compare the absorber properties at three very different flux states of the source. No correlation between the warm absorber variability and the X-ray flux has been determined. The two higher ionization components of the gas (log ξ ∼ 2.3 and 3.3) may be consistent with photoionization equilibrium, but we can exclude this for the only ionization component that is consistently present in all flux states (log ξ ∼ 1.8). We have included archival, non-simultaneous UV data from Hubble Space Telescope (FOS, STIS, COS) with the aim of searching for any signature of absorption in this source that so far was known for being absorption-free in the UV band. In the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) spectra obtained a few months after the X-ray observations, we found broad absorption in C IV lines intrinsic to the active galactic nucleus and blueshifted by a velocity roughly comparable to the X-ray outflow. The global behavior of the gas in both bands can be explained by variation of the covering factor and/or column density, possibly due to transverse motion of absorbing clouds moving out of the line of sight at broad line region scale.

  19. Maailma esimene täispuhutav pubi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Briti firma Airquee Ltd on toonud turule maailma esimese täispuhutava pubi. Põrandapinda on selles PVC-st valmistatud hoones üle 80 m2, hoone on 7 metrit kõrge. Pubi on projekteerinud waleslane Andi Francis. Ill.: värv. välisvaade

  20. Kosmosesse lendas eile esimene naisturist / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 19. sept., lk. 10. Vene rakett Sojuz viis ilmaruumi esimese naissoost kosmoseturisti, Iraani päritolu ameeriklanna Anoushen Ansari. Kümnepäevase reisi jooksul viib ta läbi mitu teaduskatset. Lisaks nimekiri: Kosmoseturistid

  1. Eesti joonisfilm jälle esimene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide suurimal animafilmifestivalil Hollywoodis "The World Animation Celebration" sai Pärna joonisfilm "Porgandite öö" esimese preemia 15-30-minutiliste filmide kategoorias. Film on valitud koos Janno Põldma joonisfilmiga "Armastuse võimalikkusest" ja Priit Tenderi filmiga "Viola" augustis Hiroshimas toimuvale festivalile

  2. Viienda laevastiku esimene laev / Valdemar Vilder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilder, Valdemar

    2006-01-01

    ajaloolane Ann Smith tutvustas oma varsti ilmuvat raamatut "The First of the Fifth Fleet" 7. augustil Thirlmere Eesti Küla hallis. Raamat kirjeldab transpordilaeva General Stuart Heintzelman pardal Austraaliasse saabunud balti pagulaste reisiteekonda ja edasist saatust

  3. Prantsusmaa esimene mees alustas lahingutega / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy soovist rakendada Euroopa Keskpanka Prantsuse majanduse edendamisse ja tuua riik välja välispoliitilisest isolatsioonist. Suhete arendamisest Liibüa, USA, Venemaa ja Ida-Euroopaga

  4. PÖFFi esimene seeria / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde filmifestivalil näidatud filme - animafilm "Ärgas elu" ("Waking Life") : režissöör Richard Linklater : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001, mängufilm "Kana süda" 8"Chicken Heart") : režissöör Hiroshi Shimizu : Jaapan 2002 ja Ida-Saksamaa indiaanifilm "Chingachguk - Suur Madu" ("Chinachgook - die Grosse Schlange") : režissöör Richard Groschopp : 1967, mis oli üks serblasest filminäitleja Gojko Mitic'i retrospektiivi kuulunud filmidest

  5. Olympic - Eesti esimene maailmavallutaja? / Tarvo Vaarmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarmets, Tarvo

    2008-01-01

    Olympic on väga tugeva juhiga, ambitsioonikas ettevõte, mille aktsia hind on kukkunud tasemele, mida võiks pikaajaline investor tasapisi hakata võtma kui head ostukohta. Vt. samas: Tugevad näitajad sisendavad kindlust. Diagramm: Olympicu aktsia

  6. Rahvarinde esimene suurvõit / Rein Ruutsoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruutsoo, Rein, 1947-

    2008-01-01

    17. juuni 1988 kui poliitilise revolutsiooni algus, mis viis kommunistliku režiimi kokkukukkumiseni. 1988. aasta kronoloogiad vaadates jääb autorile mulje, et Eesti taasvabanemise sisuks oli Alo Mattiiseni laulude esitamise tähe all sinimustvalgete lehvides kulgemine ühest kooslaulmisest teise

  7. Eestis toimub esimene vanemaealiste uuring / Merle Paats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paats, Merle

    2010-01-01

    18. novembril Eestis alanud SHARE uuringust (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe), mille käigus saadakse ülevaade 50-aastaste ja vanemate elanike tervislikust seisundist ja toimetulekust. Tegemist on rahvusvahelise uuringuga, mida samal ajal korraldavad 19 Euroopa riiki. Eestis korraldab SHARE uuringut Statistikaamet koos sotsiaalministeeriumi, Tallinna Ülikooli, Tervise Arengu Instituudi ning Eesti Gerontoloogia ja Geriaatria Assotsiatsiooniga

  8. Euroopa keelemapi esimene Eesti mudel / Tõnu Tender

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tender, Tõnu, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Väljaanne: Euroopa keelemapp : 12-16 aastastele õpilastele = European language portfolio : for learners aged 12 to 16 = Portfolio Européen des Langues : pour les élèves de 12 à 16 ans. [Tartu] : Haridus- ja Teadusministeerium ; [Tallinn] : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, [2007]. Euroopa keelemapp on vahend keeleõppe kavandamiseks, edusammude kirjeldamiseks ja tulemuste jäädvustamiseks. Keelemapi kirjeldus, Euroopa keelemapi Eesti variandi väljatöötamisest, Euroopa keelemapi tulevikuvõimalustest

  9. Nargen Opera esimene festivalisuvi / Kersti Inno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Inno, Kersti, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    Dirigent Tõnu Kaljuste asutatud Nargen Opera avas 15. juunil Naissaarel oma esimese suure festivalisuve Veljo Tormise "Eesti naiste lauludega" (etendused 16., 17., 19-22. juunil), Nargen Festivali kontsertidest: "Merelaulud", Marko Matvere 4. juulil Viimsi mõisa õues, 8.-10. aug. Naissaarel, 14., 15. aug. Viinistu kunstimuuseumis, "Õhtud Jaan Tättega" 6., 9. juulil Reiu jõekäärus, "Vastutuulelaev" 22, 23, 26-30. juulil Naissaarel, "Õhtud Arvo Pärdiga" 3., 4. aug. Naissaarel, Joseph Haydni ooper "Üksik saar" 16., 17. aug. Viinistu kunstimuuseumis (info: www.nargenopera.ee)

  10. Taska esimene täispikk lindil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Lõppesid produtsent Kristian Taska uue mängufilmi "Täna öösel me ei maga" võtted. Lavastab Ilmar Taska, operaatoriks on Istvan Borbas, peaosades Carmen Kass, Peter Franzen; Maria Avdjushko, Priit Võigemast. Esilinastus tuleb 13. veebruaril 2004

  11. Kunstisuvi 2008, esimene osa / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Maalikunstnike Liidu aastanäitused: Mara Koppel-Ljutjuki ja Toomas Tõnissoo kureeritud "Perfektne ring" ArtDepoo galeriis, Tiiu Talvistu ja Mare Joonsalu kureeritud "Äratus" Rotermanni soolalaos. Mart Lepa ja Rene Kuulmanni kogudest avatud näitus "Kirg ja valu" Tartu Kunstimuuseumis. Ilmar Kruusamäe näitus "30 aastat hiljem" Tampere majas. Tartu Ülikooli maaliosakonna lõputööde väljapanekud Tartu Kunstimaja monumentaalgaleriis (Eda Lõhmus), Athena keskuses (Natali Pahapill) ja Tartu Kunstimuuseumis (Maria Ader, Riho Pärn, Katrin Paomets). Vaal-galerii korraldatud rändnäitus "Sinimustvalge eesti kunstis" Tartu Kunstimajas. Ernö Kochi näitus Haus galeriis. Maret Olveti näitus Vabaduse ja SEBi galeriis. Vive Tolli juubelinäitused Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis ja Eesti Lastekirjanduse Keskuses

  12. Esimene ILO seminar toimus Taasiseseisvunud Baltimaades

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1993-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise Tööorganisatsiooni (International Labour Organisation, ILO) seminar Riias tööandjate organisatsioonide rollist turumajanduses. Tööstus- ja Energeetikaministeeriumi finantsosakonna juhataja Sven Kööp

  13. Katselendurite esimene tõus / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Filmistuudio Parunid ja Vonid stuudios realiseerub EFSi, Kultuurkapitali, TPÜ ja Parunite ja Vonide ühisprojekt "Ground Zero", mille tulemuseks on TPÜ filmi ja video õppetooli tudengite 11 lühimängufilmi

  14. Investor Laaril esimene miljon teenitud / Kertu Ruus, Raivo Sormunen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Kertu, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Mart Laar, Imre Sooäär ja Kristen Michal oma aktsiaportfellist ja investeerimisstrateegiast. Edetabel: Riigikogus kolm miljonärist väikeinvestorit. Tabel: Ekspeaminister Laar on investeerinud erinevatesse piirkondadesse. Kommenteerivad Peeter Luikmel ja Pertti Rahnel

  15. "Admiral Pitka" - eeskujulikult esimene / Ülle Rajasaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajasaar, Ülle

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Mereväe lipulaeva "Admiral Pitka" osalemisest NATO kiirreageerimisjõudude miinitõrjegrupi missioonil. Missiooni ajal laeva komandörina teeninud vanemleitnant Jüri Saskast. Laeva osalemisest Trafalgari mereparaadil ja Eesti esimesel mereväeparaadil Küdema lahel. Lisad: Staabi- ja varustuslaev "Admiral Pitka"A 230; Tehnilised andmed

  16. Vae Victis : Esimene juhtum : Walter Reder / Hannes Walter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Walter, Hannes, 1952-2004

    2004-01-01

    Teises maailmasõjas Saksamaa poolel võidelnud austerlasest Walter Rederist, kes mõisteti 1951. aastal Bolognas kommunistide korraldatud nn Stalini Venemaa stiilis kohtulavastuse tulemusena süüdi sõjaroimarina

  17. Esimene NAP ehk Noore Arhitekti Preemia / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    2008. a. Eesti Arhitektide Liidu poolt asutatud Noore Arhitekti Preemiast, mille pälvis Siiri Vallner. Arhitektist ja tema loomingust. Žürii koosseis. Preemia kujutab 70000 krooni suurust reisitšekki maailmas rändamiseks, selle panid välja Heldur Meerits ja GO Travel. Siiri Vallnerit õnnitles 12. veebruaril 2009 Tallinnas Kumu kunstimuuseumis ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilves

  18. Ilmus esimene mahukam eestikeelne teatriajaloo ülevaade / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2007-01-01

    25. jaan. esitleti Eesti Teatriliidus "Oxfordi illustreeritud teatriajaloo" eestikeelset versiooni. Tõlkeraamatu aluseks on 1995. aastal kirjastuses Oxford University Press ilmunud samanimeline raamat, mille koostajaks on John Russell Brown. Teose on tõlkinud Anne Lange, Ilona Kolberg, Piret Kruuspere, Kristjan Jaak Kangur

  19. Esimene "Hää film" valis parimaks "Klassi" / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna kobarkinos anti esimest korda välja Forum Cinemas ja Eesti Päevalehe eesti filmi auhind "Hää film 2007". Lisatud nimekiri auhinnasaajatest ja küsitud 1 küsimus : "Kuidas tuli mõte teha "Hääd filmi"? Eesti Päevalehe juhatuse liikmelt Mihkel Reinsalult ja Forum Cinemas AS-i tegevjuhilt Aldo Tammsaarelt

  20. Volta kvartali esimene visiitkaart sai valmis / Mari Kodres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kodres, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas Tööstuse tänaval asuv tööstushoone rekonstrueeriti korterelamuks. Arhitektid Raili Kadarik ja Priit Ehala arhitektuuribüroost Ehala & Irik. Volta kvartali arendaja on AS Koger & Partnerid

  1. Séraphine de Senlis - kas esimene hipi? / Maris Meiessaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meiessaar, Maris

    2009-01-01

    Prantsuse naivistlikust maalikunstnikust Séraphine Louis', kunstnikunimega Séraphine de Senlis, tema loomingust ning Prantsusmaa- Belgia 2008. a. eluloofilmist "Séraphine", režissöör Martin Provost, nimiosas Yolande Moreau

  2. Esimene vanemaealiste uuring Eestis / Merle Paats, Jaana Rahno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paats, Merle

    2010-01-01

    Novembris algavast SHARE uuringust (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe), mida korraldatakse 19 Euroopa riigis ning mille sihtrühm on vanemaealised ehk 50-aastased ja vanemad inimesed. Eestis korraldab uuringut statistikaamet koostöös sotsiaalministeeriumi, Tallinna Ülikooli ja Tervise Arengu Instituudiga

  3. Juugend - rahvusliku arhitektuuri esimene importstiil / Karin Hallas-Murula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallas-Murula, Karin, 1957-

    2001-01-01

    12. V toimunud Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumi rahvusvahelisest art nouveau konverentsist, mis keskendus Rootsi-Soome-Eesti ja Läti vastastikustele arhitektuurimõjutustele. Esinejatest, K. Hallase ettekandest sajandialguse arhitektuurisituatsioonist. Näitus "Riia juugendarhitektuur" Rotermanni soolalaos 20. maini.

  4. Saneerimisseadus on esimene samm majanduse kasvuks / Toomas Viks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viks, Toomas, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Riigikogus vastu võetud saneerimisseadusest majandusraskustesse sattunud ettevõtetele. Ilmunud ka Tallinna Teataja : Nõmme ja Mustamäe, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Tallinna Teataja : Haabersti, Kristiine ja Põhja-Tallinn, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Järvamaa, Jõgevamaa, Tartumaa, Põlvamaa, Võrumaa, Valgamaa ja Viljandimaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Hiiumaa, Saaremaa, Läänemaa ja Pärnumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Rapla- ja Harjumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Virumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5

  5. IT Kolledž on esimene CISCO akadeemia Eestis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    2001.a. nov.-st sai IT Kolledž esimeseks Cisco Võrguakadeemiaks Eestis IT Kolledži ja Cisco vahel sõlmitud lepingu alusel. Cisco akadeemiad pakuvad praktilise suunitlusega rahvusvaheliselt tunnustatud arvutivõrkude-alast baaskoolitust

  6. Esimene supermarket jõudis Eestisse / Eda-Liis Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Eda-Liis, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Desjatiletnije firmõ 4. veebr. lk. 2. Eesti esimese supermarketi - ETK Maksimarketi äriideest, asutajatest ja avamisest Tallinnas Tihniku tänaval 1994. aastal

  7. Eesti esimene kaasaegne tuulepark : [Virtsus] / Raimo Pirksaar, Valdur Tiit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pirksaar, Raimo

    2004-01-01

    1,8 MW võimsusega Virtsu tuulepargi käivitamine 2002. a. sügisel oli Eesti taastuvenergeetika jaoks oluline samm. Tuulepargi avamisel osalesid Eesti Vabariigi president Arnold Rüütel, Saksamaa Liitvabariigi suursaadik Eestis Jürgen Dröge, regionaalminister Toivo Asmer, Eesti Energia juhatuse esimees Gunnar Okk jt. Fotod

  8. "Magnus" - esimene tõeliselt skandaalne Eesti film / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Kadri Kõusaare filmi "Magnus" kohtuliku ärakeelamise valguses ka teistest Eesti filmidest, millel on olnud ekraanile tulekuga probleeme seoses neis kujutatud inimeste protestidega. Lisatud autori repliik "On Kõusaart tõesti vääriti mõistetud?"

  9. Esimene GSM-võrk Radiolinjal / Tiina Kass

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kass, Tiina

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Infotehnologija 21. apr. lk. 1. Mobiilsideoperaatori Radiolinja Eesti AS-i juht Ants Viira ettevõtte asutamisest 1994. aastal, GSM-võrgu avamisest ja konkurentsist EMT AS-iga. Lisa: Radiolinja kõnehind pole 10 aastaga kuigivõrd muutunud. Vt. samas: Suhkru ja metalliärikad olid esimesed mobiiliomanikud

  10. Mirtel Pohla esimene põlemine / Piret Kooli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kooli, Piret

    2007-01-01

    Pirita kloostri varemetes etendus Arthur Honeggeri/Paul Claudeli oratoorium "Jeanne d'Arc tuleriidal", lavastaja Üllar Saaremäe. Nimiosas mängiv Mirtel Pohla kirjeldab esmakogemust. Lisaks dirigent Anu Tali ja lavastaja Üllar Saaremäe kommentaarid Mirtel Pohlast

  11. Extreme warm absorber variability in the Seyfert galaxy Mrk 704

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Matt, G.; Bianchi, S.; Guainazzi, M.; Longinotti, A. L.; Dadina, M.; Karas, Vladimír; Malaguti, G.; Miniutti, G.; Petrucci, P. O.; Piconcelli, E.; Ponti, G.

    Roč. 533, September (2011), A1/1-A1/9 ISSN 0004-6361 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10030501 Keywords : active galactic nuclei Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 4.587, year: 2011

  12. Esimene võit sõjas Eesti teedel / Jüri Pihl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihl, Jüri, 1954-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 6. aug. 2007, lk. 9; Harjumaa, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 4; Lääne Elu, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 5; Nädaline, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Sakala, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Sõnumitooja, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 15; Koit, 7. aug. 2007, lk. 6; Valgamaalane, 9. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Harju Ekspress, 10. aug. 2007, lk. 6; Virumaa Teataja, 14. aug. 2007, lk. 11. Surmaga lõppevate liiklusõnnetuste riskitegurite vähendamiseks on politsei võtnud suuna liiklusjärelevalve tõhustamisele, suunates liiklusjärelevalvesse 80 protsenti rohkem politseinikke. Siseminister nendib, et liiklusõnnetuste langustrendile on aidanud kaasa ka väärtushinnangute muutus ühiskonnas

  13. Esimene Teater Ö(ö)sel festival läks korda / Merje Pors

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pors, Merje

    2006-01-01

    15.-16. juulil Kuressaares ja Saare maakonnas toimunud Läänemere saari ühendavast festivalist "Teater Ö(ö)sel". Festivalist võtsid osa Rügeni, Alandi, Gotlandi, Hiiumaa ja Saaremaa teatritrupid

  14. Ettevaatust! Sünnib Eesti esimene päris telenovela / Mart Niineste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niineste, Mart, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    Produtsent Kristian Taska filmib Jüri tehnopargis Kalev Spordis näitamiseks Venezuela seebiseriaali Eesti oludele mugandust "Kalevi naised" (lavastaja Ingomar Vihman, osades Maria Avdjuško, Toomas Zupping, Jan Uuspõld, Britta Vahur, Ken Saan jt). Filmivõtetelt

  15. Pühapäeval toimub kunstihoones esimene JazziMaali võistlus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise dzhässikuu raames toimub Tallinna Kunstihoones JazziMaali pühapäev, kus musitseerib Estonian Guitar Octet ning maalivad Pelgulinna gümnaasiumi, Tallinna kunstikooli ja Sally Stuudio õpilased

  16. XXI sajandi esimene Berlinale : 51. Berliini filmifestival 7.-18. veebruar 2001 / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    51. Berliini filmifestivalist, selle senisest direktorist Moritz de Hadelnist, Fritz Langist (1890-1976) ja tema filmide retrospektiivist, Renny Bartlett'i dokumentaalfilmist "Eisenstein" ja teistest huvitavamatest filmidest. Ka olulisemate auhinnatute nimekiri

  17. Uudised : Bachi muusikaga ooper Helsingis. Shakespeare ja Marlowe ooperis. Lordist ilmus esimene raamat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Helsingis Aleksandri teatris esietendunud J.S. Bachi muusika põhjal loodud ooperist "Herakles". Vadstena lossiteatris juuli lõpul esietendunud Tommy Anderssoni nüüdisooperist "William". Sven Pahajoki raamatust tänavu Soomele eurovisioonivõidu toonud rockansamblist Lordi

  18. Põhja-Ameerika Eesti Päevad kui eestlaste esimene suurkogunemine / Kaire Tensuda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tensuda, Kaire

    2007-01-01

    tagasivaade Robert Kreemi raamatu "Uus algus" ning Mai Kreemi mälestuste ja materjalide põhjal ESTOde eelkäijale, esimesele eestlaste suurüritusele Ameerika mandril - I Põhja-Ameerika Eesti Päevadele, mis toimusid 30. maist 2. juunini 1957. a. Torontos ja millest tänavu möödus 50. aastat. Robert Kreemi tegevusest ürituse peakomitee esimehe ja suurorganiseerijana. Ülevaade ka II, III, IV Põhja-Ameerika Eesti Päevadest ja Rootsi Eesti Päevadest 1968. a.

  19. Esimene ametis olev Ameerika Ühendriikide president külastas Eestit / Eve Salundi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salundi, Eve

    2006-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi visiidist Eestisse. Kadriorus võttis külalise vastu president Toomas Hendrik Ilves. Vt. samas: George Walker Bush; USA toetab Gruusiat; George W. Bush edastab viisateema kongressile

  20. Eesti esimene leedi näitas Hispaanias kuninglikku klassi! / Helene Wait

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wait, Helene

    2007-01-01

    Fotoreportaaž president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ja proua Evelin Ilvese riigivisiidist Hispaaniasse 8.-11.07.2007. Hispaania kuningas Juan Carlos ja kuninganna Sofia andsid Madridi kuningalossis Eesti presidendipaari auks õhtusöögi

  1. Jüri 22 ärihoone-elamu - Võru esimene pilvelõhkuja / Ivi Laatsit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laatsit, Ivi

    2004-01-01

    1923. a. arhitekt Artur Perna (1881-1940) projekti järgi valminud Tarvitajate Ühisuse Põllumees uuest hoonest ja selle ajaloost. Lühidalt 2001. a. Ilmar Jalase projekteeritud Wõro Kommertsi ärihoonest ja Artur Perna biograafilised andmed

  2. Esimene erialane täienduskoolitus toimus sada aastat tagasi / Krista Talvi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvi, Krista, 1948-

    2013-01-01

    18. aprillil 2013 tähistati TÜ Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemias seminariga "Koolitajalt koolitajale" 100. aasta möödumist erialase täienduskoolituse algusest ning ERÜ koolituse toimkonna 25. aastapäeva

  3. Eesti esimene välismaalasest advokaat tegi partneriks naisadvokaadi / Airi Ilisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilisson, Airi, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    Advokaadibüroost Sorainen Law Offices. Lisad: kui palju maksab advokaadi tund? ; riik ostis õigusabi 1,1 miljoni krooni eest ; fakte advokaadibüroo Sorainen Law Offices kohta ; miljonid kroonid dividendideks

  4. Islamistid kohtupingis: al-Qaidale saabub esimene tõetund / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2009-01-01

    USA-s astub kohtu ette 2001. aasta 11. septembri terrorirünnakute oletatav peakorraldaja Khalid Shaikh Muhammad koos nelja kaasolsalisega. Al-Qaidast alates selle loomisest 1988. aastal, Osama bin Ladenist, Talibanist

  5. Hansa Ida-Euroopa fond edetabelis teist kuud jutti esimene / Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matson, Annika, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Ajakirja The Wall Street Journal Europe Ida-Euroopa ja Venemaa avatud investeerimisfondide edetabelit juhib teist kuud Hansa Ida-Euroopa Aktsiafond. Tabel: Eesti fond juhib The Wall Street Journali edetabelit

  6. Rae valda kerkib esimene energiamajade elurajoon / Linda-Mari Väli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väli, Linda-Mari

    2009-01-01

    Harjumaal Rae vallas asuvasse Järvekülla kavandatavast Eesti esimesest energiamajade elamurajoonist. 13. märtsil kuulutati A&A Kinnisvara OÜ korraldatud arhitektuurikonkursi võitjaks austerlanna Ursula Schneider, kelle töö hõlmab enam kui sajale leibkonnale mõeldud ridaelamute arhitektuurilist lahendust

  7. Tallinna esimene elektrijaam saab 24. märtsil 91-aastaseks / Robert Nerman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nerman, Robert, 1946-2015

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna Linna Elektri Keskjaama ajaloost. Elektrijaama masinajaama, katlamaja ja kontorihoone projekteeris arhitekt G. (?) Schmidt. Hoonete ehitust juhatas insener P. Kürenius. Telliskorstna rajas insener J. Russwurmi ehituskontor

  8. Ester Tuiksoo - Eesti esimene naissoost põllumajandusminister / Ester Tuiksoo ; interv. Toomas Verrev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuiksoo, Ester, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Ametist lahkuv põllumajandusminister Ester Tuiksoo räägib saadud juhtimiskogemusest, Euroopa Liidu ühise põllumajanduspoliitika juurutamisest, rahvuskala valimisest, Rahvaliidu käekäigust parlamendivalimistel

  9. Theodor Schiemann - Tallinna esimene linnaarhivaar (1883-1887) / Jüri Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Jüri, 1947-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna Linnaarhiivi asutamise vaimuloolisest taustast. Haruldaste ürikute "ülesleidmisest" Tallinna raekojas 1875. ja 1882. aastal. Põhjalik ülevaade Theodor Schiemanni elust enne Tallinna asumist ja Tallinna linnaarhivaari ametis. Lisad : Instruktisoonid linnaarhivaarile. Tallinna linna arhiivi kasutamise eeskirjad. (Theodor Schiemanni koostatud tekstid ja nende tõlge)

  10. Esimene väitekiri Jaan Krossist / Cornelius Hasselblatt ; saksa keelest tõlkinud Vahur Aabrams

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hasselblatt, Cornelius, 1960-

    2015-01-01

    Wagner, Kerttu. Die historischen Romane von Jaan Kross : am Beispiel einer Untersuchung der deutschen und englischen Übersetzungen von "Professor Martensi ärasõit" (1984). Frankfurt/M : P. Lang, 2001.

  11. Uudised : Andresepäev eesti muusikaga. Esitleti Piazzolla plaati. Eesti luule esimene CD / Raili Sule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sule, Raili, 1944-

    2000-01-01

    A. Marguste autorikontserdist sarjas "Eesti heliloojad talveaias" 30. nov. Argentiina restoranis esitleti CD-plaati "Tango King Astor Piazzolla". 9. dets. esitleti rahvusraamatukogus uut CD-plaati eesti luulest ja muusikast "Maa meis ja maa maailmas"

  12. Euroopa ühinev arhitektuuripoliitika : lõppes Euroopa esimene arhitektuurifestival / Karin Hallas-Murula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallas-Murula, Karin, 1957-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa esimese arhitektuurifestivali üritustest. GAUDI (Governance, Architecture and Urbanism as Democratic Interaction) projektist. 2005. aastaks planeeritavasse GAUDI 2 projekti on Euroopa uute liikmesmaade arhitektuuriinstitutsioonide seas kutsutud Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum. Arhitektuuri välisnäitustest Eestis, eesti arhitektuuripoliitikast, 2005. a. toimuva arhitektuurinädala korraldamisest

  13. 1889. aasta justiitsseadused - Eesti peaaegu et esimene põhiseadus / Toomas Anepaio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anepaio, Toomas, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    1889. aastal toimus Eestis põhimõtteline muutus - üleminek mitteriiklikult õigusemõistmiselt riiklikule õigusemõistmisele. Võimude lahususest ehk kohtute sõltumatusest. 14. augusti 1881. aasta seadusest ja 12. juuli 1889. aasta seadusest, mis annuleerisid kohtuvõimu sõltumatuse impeeriumis. Balti provintsides 1889. aasta seadus mitte ei algatanud, vaid lõpetas õigusemõistmise täitevvõimust eraldumise protsessi. 1889. aasta justiitsreformi aluseks olnud protsessiseadustik ja kohtukorralduse seadus asendasid tegelikult Eestis põhiseadust

  14. Esimene valik / Jaakko Valkiainen, Hannu Häyhä, Sampo Korhonen... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valkiainen, Jaakko

    2014-01-01

    Seitse erineva stiili ja suurusega tsiklit algaja mootorratturi jaoks: BMW F 700 GS, Harley-Davidson XL 883 N Iron, Honda CBR 500 R, Kawasaki Ninja 300, KTM Duke 390, Suzuki GW 250 Inazuma, Yamaha FZ8-S

  15. Maria Minerva - Eesti esimene hüpnagoogilise popi staar / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    Maria Minerva nime all tegutsevast Londonis õppivast muusikust Maria Juurest. Muusiku USA-s plaadifirma Not Not Fun poolt välja antud helikassetist Maria Minerva "Tallinn At Down" ja heliplaadist Maria Minerva "Noble Savage"

  16. Daily monitoring of TeV gamma-ray emission from Mrk 421, Mrk 501, and the Crab Nebula with HAWC

    OpenAIRE

    Abeysekara, A. U.; Albert, A.; Alfaro, R.; Alvarez, C.; Álvarez, J. D.; Arceo, R.; Arteaga-Velázquez, J. C.; Rojas, D. Avila; Solares, H. A. Ayala; Barber, A. S.; Bautista-Elivar, N.; Gonzalez, J. Becerra; Becerril, A.; Belmont-Moreno, E.; BenZvi, S. Y.

    2017-01-01

    We present results from daily monitoring of gamma rays in the energy range $\\sim0.5$ to $\\sim100$ TeV with the first 17 months of data from the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Observatory. Its wide field of view of 2 steradians and duty cycle of $>95$% are unique features compared to other TeV observatories that allow us to observe every source that transits over HAWC for up to $\\sim6$ hours each sidereal day. This regular sampling yields unprecedented light curves from unbiased measurem...

  17. Cook Inlet and Kenai Peninsula, Alaska ESI: ROAD_MRK (Road Number Points)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains vector points used in plotting the road numbers on the summary maps. It comprises a portion of the Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) data...

  18. Chandra and XMM–Newton Observations of H2O Maser Galaxy Mrk ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Model I: An absorbed thermal model plus power law (Brassington et al. 2007). Model II: A thermal model for soft component and an absorbed power-law for hard component. Model III: A thermal model for soft component and high energy reflect model for hard component (Zhang et al. 2006). 10. 0.01. 2×10 3. 5×10 3 normaliz.

  19. Chandra and XMM–Newton Observations of H2O Maser Galaxy Mrk ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    component, another power-law ( = 2.45 ± 0.07) for the soft component and a narrow Gaussian fitted to the Fe Kα line (EW∼48 eV) (see Fig. 2). The common model for Seyfert 2 and the above models cannot be well-fitted with the Chandra spectra. Residuals in terms of sigma show significant excess in 2–4 KeV and over 8 ...

  20. Meie maamees Brüsselis esimene / Aivar Niinemägi ; interv. Sirje Pärismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niinemägi, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    Aivar Niinemägi esindab põllumajandus-kaubanduskoda, talupidajate ning põllumajandustootjate keskliitu ja ühistegelist liitu üleeuroopalise talunike ja põllumajandusliitude ühenduse COPA ja ühistute esinduse COGECA juures. A. Niinemägi eluloolisi andmeid

  1. Muusikamaailm : Dresdeni festivali juubel. Penderecki esimene klaverikontsert. Karajani festival Baden-Badenis. Aurel Stroe 70 / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Dresdeni muusikafestival toimub 25. korda. Penderecki esimese klaverikontserdi maailmaesiettekanne sai teoks New Yorgis. Ameerikas on maikuus mitmel korral üles astunud Gidon Kremer. Karajani festivalist Baden-Badenis. Rumeenia helilooja Aurel Stroe sai 70.aastaseks

  2. Uudised : Vanemuise Sümfoonikute kontsert. Kaks õhtut TMMis. Esimene puhkpilli- ja bigbändiõhtu / Jaanika Juhanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juhanson, Jaanika, 1977-

    2000-01-01

    Eelinfo 11. märtsil toimuva Vanemuise Sümfoonikute kontserdi kohta Vanemuise kontserdimajas. M. Korjuse vitriini avamisest 23. veebr. Teatri- ja Muusikamuuseumis, D. Kokkeri mälestusõhtust 29. veebr. TMMi Assauwe tornis. 4. märtsil EMA saalis toimunud puhkpilliorkestri ja bigbändi kontserdist

  3. Falcki siseülikool - Eesti esimene corporate university / Eela Velström ; interv. Teele Keskküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velström, Eela

    2005-01-01

    Falck Eesti personalidirektor ettevõtte siseülikooli ideest, eesmärkidest, õppetoolidest, õppekavadest, lektoritest, tudengite valimisest, õppekuludest, tulevikuplaanidest, koolituse mõjust karjäärile

  4. Türgi luule. Kahekümnenda sajandi esimene pool : [järelsõna] / Andres Ehin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehin, Andres, 1940-2011

    1997-01-01

    Autorid: Ahmet Hasim, Nazim Hikmet Ran, Ercüment Behzat Lav, Cahit Sitki Taranci, Necip Fazil Kisakürek, Fazil Hüsnü Daglarca, Orhan Veli Kanik, Oktay Rifat, Melih Cevdet Anday, Cahit Kulebi, Ahmet Arif, Turgut Uyar

  5. Esimene Eesti maja Hiinas = The first Estonian house in China / Andres Põime, Lauri Vaimel ; interv. Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põime, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Vestlus Pekingi Eesti saatkonna arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöö autoritega. Tulemused: I preemia - Andres Põime, Lauri Vaimel, II - Erik Nobel, Christian Jensen, Kristen Herup Sovang, Soren Andersson, Pille Kivihall, Dan Ljungar, Hans Willadsen (Taani), III - Kalle Vellevoog, Velle Kadalipp, Tiiu Truus, Martin Prommik

  6. Esimene koolipäev tuleb muusikavärviline / Arian Levin ; interv. Kadri Ratt, Doris-Katre Truuver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Arian

    2007-01-01

    Küsimustele bändielust vastavad 1. sept. Rakvere spordihallis koolinoorte huvimessil esinevad muusikud Arian Levin Def Räädust, Martin Teichmann Steelstormist ja Märt ning Mart Metsjõe The Sampsonicsist

  7. Mis mulje jättis esimene "Portfolio Cafe"? / Anneli Porri ; interv. R[eet] V[arblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Porri, Anneli, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Oktoobris 2007 Tallinnas toimuva noorte kunstnike biennaali esimesest "Portfolio Cafe'st" Eesti Kunstiakadeemia aulas. Töid kommenteerisid Ahto Külvet, Annie Fletcher, Marita Muukkonen, Hanno Soans ja Ave Randviir

  8. First NuSTAR Observations of Mrk 501 Within a Radio to TeV Multi-Instrument Campaign

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Furniss, A.; Noda, K.; Boggs, S.

    2015-01-01

    We report on simultaneous broadband observations of the TeV-emitting blazar Markarian 501 between 2013 April 1 and August 10, including the first detailed characterization of the synchrotron peak with Swift and NuSTAR. During the campaign, the nearby BL Lac object was observed in both a quiescent...... 3 and 79 keV consistent with a log-parabolic spectrum and hard X-ray variability on hour timescales. None (of the four extended NuSTAR observations) show evidence of the onset of inverse-Compton emission at hard X-ray energies. We apply a single-zone equilibrium synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model...... to five simultaneous broadband SEDs. We find that the SSC model can reproduce the observed broadband states through a decrease in the magnetic field strength coinciding with an increase in the luminosity and hardness of the relativistic leptons responsible for the high-energy emission....

  9. The NuSTAR spectrum of Mrk 335: extreme relativistic effects within two gravitational radii of the event horizon?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parker, M. L.; Wilkins, D. R.; Fabian, A. C.

    2014-01-01

    gravitational radii (R-G) of the event horizon. The reflection fraction decreases sharply with increasing flux, consistent with a point source moving up to above 10 R-G as the source brightens. We constrain the spin parameter to greater than 0.9 at the 3 sigma confidence level. By adding a spin-dependent upper...

  10. FIRST NuSTAR OBSERVATIONS OF MRK 501 WITHIN A RADIO TO TeV MULTI-INSTRUMENT CAMPAIGN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Furniss, A.; Noda, K.; Boggs, S.; Chiang, J.; Madejski, G.; Nalewajko, K.; Christensen, F.; Craig, W.; Giommi, P.; Hailey, C.; Harisson, F.; Perri, M.; Verrecchia, F.; Stern, D.; Urry, M.; Zhang, W.; Ahnen, M. L.; Ansoldi, S.; Antonelli, L. A.; Antoranz, P.

    2015-01-01

    We report on simultaneous broadband observations of the TeV-emitting blazar Markarian 501 between 2013 April 1 and August 10, including the first detailed characterization of the synchrotron peak with Swift and NuSTAR. During the campaign, the nearby BL Lac object was observed in both a quiescent and an elevated state. The broadband campaign includes observations with NuSTAR, MAGIC, VERITAS, the Fermi Large Area Telescope, Swift X-ray Telescope and UV Optical Telescope, various ground-based optical instruments, including the GASP-WEBT program, as well as radio observations by OVRO, Metsähovi, and the F-Gamma consortium. Some of the MAGIC observations were affected by a sand layer from the Saharan desert, and had to be corrected using event-by-event corrections derived with a Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) facility. This is the first time that LIDAR information is used to produce a physics result with Cherenkov Telescope data taken during adverse atmospheric conditions, and hence sets a precedent for the current and future ground-based gamma-ray instruments. The NuSTAR instrument provides unprecedented sensitivity in hard X-rays, showing the source to display a spectral energy distribution (SED) between 3 and 79 keV consistent with a log-parabolic spectrum and hard X-ray variability on hour timescales. None (of the four extended NuSTAR observations) show evidence of the onset of inverse-Compton emission at hard X-ray energies. We apply a single-zone equilibrium synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model to five simultaneous broadband SEDs. We find that the SSC model can reproduce the observed broadband states through a decrease in the magnetic field strength coinciding with an increase in the luminosity and hardness of the relativistic leptons responsible for the high-energy emission

  11. The Lyman alpha reference sample VI. Lyman alpha escape from the edge-on disk galaxy Mrk 1486

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Duval, F.; Ostlin, G.; Hayes, M.; Zackrisson, E.; Verhamme, A.; Orlitová, Ivana; Adamo, A.; Guaita, L.; Melinder, J.; Cannon, J.M.; Laursen, P.; Rivera-Thorsen, T.; Herenz, E.Ch.; Gruyters, P.; Mas-Hesse, J. M.; Kunth, D.; Sandberg, A.; Schaerer, D.; Mansson, J.-E.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 587, March (2016), A77/1-A77/24 ISSN 0004-6361 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GP14-20666P Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : galaxies * starburst * submillimeter Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 4.378, year: 2014

  12. Muusikamaailm : Lahkumiskingitus Udo Zimmermannile. Haitinki esimene "Tristan ja Isolde". Uusooper Garcia Lorca järgi. Schönbergi esietendus Viinis (!) / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    U. Zimmermann lahkub Leipzigi Ooperi juhi ja dirigendi kohalt ja asub Deutsche Operi etteotsa Berliinis. B. Haitink juhatab Londoni Kuninglikus Ooperis esmakordselt "Tristani ja Isolde" etendust. A. Reimanni uusooperist "Bernarda Alba maja". A. Schönbergi oratooriumi "Jakobsleiter" esietendusest Viini Riigiooperis

  13. Maaleht soovitab : Staarisaate vabaõhukontsert. Memmed-taadid kutsuvad peole. Esimene punklaulupidu Rakveres. C-JAM Illuka mõisas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest: Telesaate "Eesti otsib superstaari" finalistide kontsert 30. mail Tallinnas Rotermanni keskuse välilaval, Lõuna-Eesti ühisest memmede-taatide-peost 1. juunil Intsikurmu laululaval, esimesest punklaulupeost 7. juunil Rakvere laululaval, tshellokvarteti C-JAM kontserdist sarja "Mõisaromantika" raames 14. juunil Illuka mõisas

  14. Tõlkepärl eesti ilukirjanduse algusaegadest – esimene eestikeelne robinsonaad / A Translation Gem from the Beginnings of Estonian Literature - the First Robinsonade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ave Mattheus

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Teesid: Artiklis uuritakse Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumis asuvat mahukat, ligi 800 lk tõlkekäsikirja „Norem Robinson“, mida võib pidada esimeseks eesti kirjanduse täiemahuliseks robinsonaadiks. Selle valmistas Pärnu koolmeister Heinrich Gottlieb Lorenzsonn saksa pedagoogi ja koolikirjaniku Joachim Heinrich Campe menukast noorsooromaanist „Robinson der Jüngere“ (1779–1780. Tõlge valmis 1822.–1823. aastal, kuid jõudis trükki alles 1842. aastal tugevasti kärbitud ja mugandatud kujul. Toetudes deskriptiivse tõlkeuurimuse analüüsikategooriatele, vaadeldakse artiklis, millised tegurid tõlkeprotsessi suunasid ja milline oli kultuuriruum, kuhu tõlge omal ajal paigutus. SU M M A R Y This article discusses a voluminous manuscript translation of almost 800 pages entitled Norem Robinson (Engl. Robinson the Younger, from the collections of the Estonian Literary Museum. This manuscript can be considered as the first complete Robinsonade in Estonian literature. Its author is a schoolteacher from Pärnu, Heinrich Gottlieb Lorenzsonn (1803–1847, who translated it from the youth novel Robinson der Jüngere(1779–1780, Engl. Robinson the Younger, a bestseller by the educator, writer and a major representative of German Enlightenment, Heinrich Joachim Campe. Lorenzsonn’s translation was completed in 1822–1823, but not printed until 1842 in a strongly adapted version titled Norema Robinsoni ello ja juhtumised ühhe tühja sare peäl (Engl. The Life and Adventures of Robinson the Younger on a deserted island. The print version of the Robinsonade lacks a pedagogical frame story, where the father tells children about the adventures of Robinson and takes the opportunity to discuss and imitate with children all the actions taken by Robinson the Younger. Due to this and other extirpated parts, the possible target audience was enlarged – besides children and youth, the text was now addressed to adults as well. In accordance with the Descriptive Translation Studies, this article focused on the one hand on the Lorenzsonn's Campe-translation, and on the other hand, on the context of the target culture, arriving at conclusions concerning the factors influencing the translation process. The article uses Gideon Toury’s treatment of translation norms to discuss ideosyncrasies of the participants of the translation process (translator, mentor, censor, as well as the relevance of other norms. First preliminary norms regarding translation policy are analysed. Secondly, initial norms determine whether the translation is oriented to the source text and culture (the goal is adequacy or to the target text and culture (the goal is acceptance. Thirdly, operational norms direct particular translation decisions. Operational translation norms can be divided further into matricial norms that concern the fullness of the translated text and textual-linguistic norms that concern the questions of grammar, syntax, style etc. The article focuses on the presumed decisions of Heinrich Gottlieb Lorenzsonn and his teacher and mentor, well-known Baltic German Estophile Johann Heinrich Rosenplänter, in the translation process. In addition, the article discusses the educational circumstances in primary schools for peasants in Estonia in the first half of the 19th century and the reading skills of potential Estonian-speaking readers at that time. Clearly, at the beginning of the 19th century, the Estonian-speaking audience was too small and not yet ready for such voluminous, demanding aesthetic and scientific reading materials. The comparative analysis of the translation manuscript and the printed text focuses on the lexical, semantic and grammatical levels, concluding that the manuscript aspires to adequacy with respect to Campe’s Robinsonade, but the printed version appeals to the Estonian-speaking reader and the Estonian cultural context. This can be explained by the fact that the aim of the manuscript was language study, while with the printed book Lorenzsonn wanted to bring the huge translation work from his early years to the literary market. Although both texts are linguistically clumsy, and the printed text has lost value because of the extirpations, it is still a translation gem dating from the very beginnings of Estonian literature, one that has not received sufficient recognition in Estonian literary history. The translation work of Heinrich Gottlieb Lorenzsonn, carried out at a time when the Estonian language was not yet fully developed is also a fact that has not been acknowledged as it well deserves to be. Further, this article undertakes to rectify two misunderstandings of Estonian literary history. First, Lorenzsonn’s Campe-translation is not a chapbook, although Estonian literary history has always defined it as such. It is demanding reading material which aims to enlarge the horizon of the Estonian-speaking reader in fields such as exotic flora and fauna, morals and ethics, and different methods of work, while simultaneously entertaining the reader and offering aesthetic pleasure. The second misunderstanding concerns the fact that the first Robinsonade of Estonian literature is considered to be Weikisi Hanso luggu tühja sare peal, (1839, Engl. A Story of the Little Hans on an deserted island an adaptation by Johann Thomasson from Gottfried der Einsiedler (1829, Engl. Gottfried, the hermit, a youth story by German Pietist and children’s and youth writer Christoph von Schmid. Even though Thomasson’s Robinsonade, which can without hesitation be defined as a chapbook, was printed a few years earlier than Lorenzsonn’s Campe adaptation, Lorenzsonn accomplished his translation twenty years earlier. Also, in terms of artistic quality and translation techniques, Lorenzsonn’s huge work is on a much higher level than Thomasson’s adaptation.

  15. Lennuk Tartu kohal pani aluse esimesele Eesti filmistuudiole / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2005-01-01

    Johannes Pääsukese (1892-1918) "Utotškini lendamised Tartu kohal 14. ja 15. aprillil 1912", mis on seni teadaolevalt esimene eestlase filmitud kroonikapala. Lisatud tabelid "Esimene film" ja "Meie naabrite esimesed", mis toovad ära aastad, mil maailma eri riikides sündis esimene kinofilm

  16. Kümme teatristarti alustas suureks kasvamisega / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu,1984-

    2010-01-01

    Tallinna Linnateater annab kümnele algajale võimaluse lavastada professionaalses teatris. 6. oktoobril esietendunud monotükist "Suur mees juba", millega jõudis lavale kolm professionaalset debüüti korraga - Kaarel B. Väljamäe esimene teatritekst, Diana Leesalu esimene lavastus ning Priit Piusi esimene suur roll

  17. Multiwavelength study of quiescent states of MRK 421 with unprecedented hard x-ray coverage provided by NuSTAR in 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baloković, M.; Paneque, D.; Madejski, G.

    2016-01-01

    V. For the first time, we observed both the synchrotron and the inverse-Compton peaks of the spectral energy distribution (SED) simultaneously shifted to frequencies below the typical quiescent state by an order of magnitude. The fractional variability as a function of photon energy shows a double-bump structure...

  18. The structure of the broad-line region in active galactic nuclei. I. Reconstructed velocity-delay maps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grier, C.J.; Peterson, B.M.; Pogge, R.W.

    2013-01-01

    We present velocity-resolved reverberation results for five active galactic nuclei. We recovered velocity-delay maps using the maximum entropy method for four objects: Mrk 335, Mrk 1501, 3C 120, and PG 2130+099. For the fifth, Mrk 6, we were only able to measure mean time delays in different velo...

  19. Üks kuningas En-metena raidkiri (En-metena E1.9.5.3.). Kas esimene teadaolev sõprusleping muistses Lähis-Idas? / Vladimir Sazonov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sazonov, Vladimir, 1979-

    2015-01-01

    Üks raidkiri varadünastilise perioodi III perioodist on eriline, kuna nimetab "sõprust" või olemuslikult võimalikku "sõpruspakti" kahe Sumeri valitseja vahel. Tegemist on Lagaši kuninga El-metena raidkirjaga. Esmakordselt on tekst avaldatud eesti keeles. Juttu on sõprusest Lagaši kuninga E-metena ja Uruki vürsti Lugal-kiğine-dudu vahel. En-metena isikust. Sündmuste rekontruktsioonist pärast En-metena surma Lagašis 2340. a. paiku e. Kr. Uruki ja Uri valitsejast Lugal-kiğine-dudu'st

  20. Tudengid alustavad ametit klassikaga / Margus Haav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haav, Margus, 1969-

    2010-01-01

    30. jaanuaril esietendub TÜ Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia lavakunstide osakonna 8. lennu ehk Von Krahli kursuse esimene diplomitöö, "Kuningas Lear", lavastaja Peeter Jalakas. Von Krahli kursuse nimekiri

  1. Plaadid / Priit Hõbemägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hõbemägi, Priit, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Bruce Springsteen "We Shall Overcome", Langoth "Grounding", Tool "10000 Days", Pet Shop Boys "Fundamental", "Wicked Jazz Sounds 2", Terminaator "Nagu esimene kord", Jamie Foxx "Unpredictable"

  2. Iz zolushki - v modeli / Olga Grigorjeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigorjeva, Olga, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    Esimene rahvusvaheline laste ja noorte moeteatrite festival "Max Moda 2007" Tallinnas. Festivali peakorraldajast, moeteatrist Max Moda. Asutaja ja kunstiline juht on Maksim Hlebnikov. Kommenteerib Tatjana Hlebnikova

  3. Paabeli torn / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Europarlamendi esimene filmipreemia Lux, mille materiaalseks ekvivalendiks on Paabeli torni kujutav kujuke ning filmi subtitreerimine 23 Euroopa keelde (lisaks üks koopia kurtidele). Sellise preemia otstarbekusest

  4. Vavilonskaja bashnja / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Europarlamendi esimene filmipreemia Lux, mille materiaalseks ekvivalendiks on Paabeli torni kujutav kujuke ning filmi subtitreerimine 23 Euroopa keelde (lisaks üks koopia kurtidele). Sellise preemia otstarbekusest

  5. Geopolititsheskii kozõr / Oleg Morozov ; interv. Ilja Nikiforov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morozov, Oleg

    2006-01-01

    Venemaa Riigiduuma esimene asespiiker Oleg Morozov järgmisest võimalikust presidendist, valitsuse moodustamisest, Riigiduuma osast riigi demokraatlikus arengus, Venemaast globaalses energiapoliitikas

  6. Vse teatrõ v gosti k nam / Irina Butjajeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Butjajeva, Irina

    2005-01-01

    25.-27. märtsini toimub Vene Kultuurikeskuses esimene rahvusvaheline festival "Baltiiski bereg" (Balti kallas). Tutvustatakse festivalil osalevaid lasteteatreid. Ürituse organisaatoriks on Teater Grotesk

  7. TLÜ esimeses rahvusvahelises magistriprogrammis õpivad oma eriala professionaalid : magistriõpe / Krista Männa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männa, Krista

    2005-01-01

    16.-20. novembril toimus Tallinna Ülikooli esimese rahvusvahelise magistriõppekava "European Perspectives on Social Inclusion" (eesti keeles "Sotsiaalse kaasamise Euroopa perspektiivid") esimene õppesessioon

  8. ORF Alignment: NC_006274 [GENIUS II[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available kinase ... [Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579] ... Length = 81 ... Query: 237 MRKKLKESIEMQTQYEENRKELISNISHDLKTPITSIIGYVEGIKDGVANT...PEKMDKYLT 296 ... MRK+LKESIEMQTQYEENRKELISNISHDLKTPITSIIGYVEGIKDGVANT...PEKMDKYLT Sbjct: 1 ... MRKRLKESIEMQTQYEENRKELISNISHDLKTPITSIIGYVEGIKDGVANTPEKMDKYLT 60 ...

  9. Soft X-ray observations of two BL Lacertae objects - markarian 421 and 501

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, K.P.; Garmire, G.P.

    1985-01-01

    This paper reports on the soft X-ray (0.15-2.8 keV) observations of two BL Lacertae-type objects, viz., Mrk 421 and Mrk 501. The observations were made with the low-energy detectors on the HEAO 1 satellite during the period 1977 August-1978 December. Steep, soft X-ray power-law spectra with photon index Gamma = 3 are found for both Mrk 421 and Mrk 501. The power-law models are found to give a significantly better fit than the thermal models to the observed pulse-height spectra of Mrk 421 and Mrk 501. Day-to-day soft X-ray (0.25 keV band) intensity variations are observed only in Mrk 501. No significant change is found in Gamma from both the BL Lac objects during the period of observations. However, the sum of all the X-ray observations from 1976 until 1980 can be understood in terms of two spectral components of variable intensity to account for the X-ray emission observed between 0.15 and 20 keV from Mrk 421 and Mrk 501. 24 references

  10. Outflows in the narrow-line region of bright Seyfert galaxies - I. GMOS-IFU data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, I. C.; Riffel, R. A.; Storchi-Bergmann, T.; Elvis, M.; Robinson, A.; Crenshaw, D. M.; Nagar, N. M.; Lena, D.; Schmitt, H. R.; Kraemer, S. B.

    2018-05-01

    We present two-dimensional maps of emission-line fluxes and kinematics, as well as of the stellar kinematics of the central few kpc of five bright nearby Seyfert galaxies - Mrk 6, Mrk 79, Mrk 348, Mrk 607, and Mrk 1058 - obtained from observations with the Gemini Multi-Object Spectrograph Integral Field Unit on the Gemini North Telescope. The data cover the inner 3.5 arcsec × 5.0 arcsec - corresponding to physical scales in the range 0.6 × 0.9-1.5 × 2.2 kpc2 - at a spatial resolution ranging from 110 to 280 pc with a spectral coverage of 4300-7100 Å and velocity resolution of ≈90 km s-1. The gas excitation is Seyfert like everywhere but show excitation gradients that are correlated with the gas kinematics, reddening and/or the gas density. The gas kinematics show in all cases two components: a rotation one similar to that observed in the stellar velocity field, and an outflow component. In the case of Mrk607, the gas is counter-rotating relative to the stars. Enhanced gas velocity dispersion is observed in association with the outflows according to two patterns: at the locations of the highest outflow velocities along the ionization axis or perpendicularly to it in a strip centred at the nucleus that we attribute to an equatorial outflow. Bipolar outflows are observed in Mrk 348 and Mrk 79, while in Mrk 1058 only the blueshifted part is clearly observed, while in cases of Mrk 6 and Mrk 607, the geometry of the outflow needs further constraints from modelling to be presented in a forthcoming study, where the mass flow rate and powers will also be obtained.

  11. Evelin Ilves esineb Moskvas konverentsil / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Proua Evelin Ilves esineb Moskvas ülevenemaalises väliskirjanduse raamatukogus toimuval rahvusvahelisel konverentsil "Naised muutuvas maailmas" ettekandega "Kas meeste tervis on naiste probleem?" Proua E. Ilvese esinemise initsiaator on Moskva rahvusvahelisse naisteklubisse kuuluv Eesti suursaadik Marina Kaljurand. Proua E. Ilves külastab ka Teemandifondi Kremlis ja vaatab Et Cetera teatris Adolf Šapiro lavastatud "451 kraadi Fahrenheiti", kus peaosa mängib Elmo Nüganen. Vt. samas: Esimene esimene leedi Moskvas. Teadaolevalt on proua E. Ilves esimene Eesti riigipea abikaasa, kes ametlikult külastab oma abikaasa ametiaja jooksul Venemaa pealinna

  12. THE STRUCTURE OF THE BROAD-LINE REGION IN ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI. I. RECONSTRUCTED VELOCITY-DELAY MAPS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grier, C. J.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; De Rosa, G.; Martini, Paul; Kochanek, C. S.; Zu, Y.; Shappee, B.; Beatty, T. G.; Salvo, C. Araya; Bird, J. C.; Horne, Keith; Bentz, M. C.; Denney, K. D.; Siverd, R.; Sergeev, S. G.; Borman, G. A.; Kaspi, S.; Bord, D. J.; Che, X.

    2013-01-01

    We present velocity-resolved reverberation results for five active galactic nuclei. We recovered velocity-delay maps using the maximum entropy method for four objects: Mrk 335, Mrk 1501, 3C 120, and PG 2130+099. For the fifth, Mrk 6, we were only able to measure mean time delays in different velocity bins of the Hβ emission line. The four velocity-delay maps show unique dynamical signatures for each object. For 3C 120, the Balmer lines show kinematic signatures consistent with both an inclined disk and infalling gas, but the He II λ4686 emission line is suggestive only of inflow. The Balmer lines in Mrk 335, Mrk 1501, and PG 2130+099 show signs of infalling gas, but the He II emission in Mrk 335 is consistent with an inclined disk. We also see tentative evidence of combined virial motion and infalling gas from the velocity-binned analysis of Mrk 6. The maps for 3C 120 and Mrk 335 are two of the most clearly defined velocity-delay maps to date. These maps constitute a large increase in the number of objects for which we have resolved velocity-delay maps and provide evidence supporting the reliability of reverberation-based black hole mass measurements.

  13. THE STRUCTURE OF THE BROAD-LINE REGION IN ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI. I. RECONSTRUCTED VELOCITY-DELAY MAPS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grier, C. J.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; De Rosa, G.; Martini, Paul; Kochanek, C. S.; Zu, Y.; Shappee, B.; Beatty, T. G.; Salvo, C. Araya; Bird, J. C. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 W 18th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Horne, Keith [SUPA Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, Fife, KY16 9SS Scotland (United Kingdom); Bentz, M. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Astronomy Offices, One Park Place South SE, Suite 700, Atlanta, GA 30303 (United States); Denney, K. D. [Marie Curie Fellow at the Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Siverd, R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, 5301 Stevenson Center, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Sergeev, S. G.; Borman, G. A. [Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, P/O Nauchny Crimea 98409 (Ukraine); Kaspi, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Bord, D. J. [Department of Natural Sciences, The University of Michigan - Dearborn, 4901 Evergreen Rd, Dearborn, MI 48128 (United States); Che, X. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 41809 (United States); and others

    2013-02-10

    We present velocity-resolved reverberation results for five active galactic nuclei. We recovered velocity-delay maps using the maximum entropy method for four objects: Mrk 335, Mrk 1501, 3C 120, and PG 2130+099. For the fifth, Mrk 6, we were only able to measure mean time delays in different velocity bins of the H{beta} emission line. The four velocity-delay maps show unique dynamical signatures for each object. For 3C 120, the Balmer lines show kinematic signatures consistent with both an inclined disk and infalling gas, but the He II {lambda}4686 emission line is suggestive only of inflow. The Balmer lines in Mrk 335, Mrk 1501, and PG 2130+099 show signs of infalling gas, but the He II emission in Mrk 335 is consistent with an inclined disk. We also see tentative evidence of combined virial motion and infalling gas from the velocity-binned analysis of Mrk 6. The maps for 3C 120 and Mrk 335 are two of the most clearly defined velocity-delay maps to date. These maps constitute a large increase in the number of objects for which we have resolved velocity-delay maps and provide evidence supporting the reliability of reverberation-based black hole mass measurements.

  14. CRP-Cyclic AMP Regulates the Expression of Type 3 Fimbriae via Cyclic di-GMP in Klebsiella pneumoniae.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Ting Lin

    Full Text Available Klebsiella pneumoniae is the predominant pathogen isolated from liver abscesses of diabetic patients in Asian countries. However, the effects of elevated blood glucose levels on the virulence of this pathogen remain largely unknown. Type 3 fimbriae, encoded by the mrkABCDF genes, are important virulence factors in K. pneumoniae pathogenesis. In this study, the effects of exogenous glucose and the intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP signaling pathway on type 3 fimbriae expression regulation were investigated. The production of MrkA, the major subunit of type 3 fimbriae, was increased in glucose-rich medium, whereas cAMP supplementation reversed the effect. MrkA production was markedly increased by cyaA or crp deletion, but slightly decreased by cpdA deletion. In addition, the mRNA levels of mrkABCDF genes and the activity of PmrkA were increased in Δcrp strain, as well as the mRNA levels of mrkHIJ genes that encode cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP-related regulatory proteins that influence type 3 fimbriae expression. Moreover, the activities of PmrkHI and PmrkJ were decreased in ΔlacZΔcrp strain. These results indicate that CRP-cAMP down-regulates mrkABCDF and mrkHIJ at the transcriptional level. Further deletion of mrkH or mrkI in Δcrp strain diminished the production of MrkA, indicating that MrkH and MrkI are required for the CRP regulation of type 3 fimbriae expression. Furthermore, the high activity of PmrkHI in the ΔlacZΔcrp strain was diminished in ΔlacZΔcrpΔmrkHI, but increased in the ΔlacZΔcrpΔmrkJ strain. Deletion of crp increased the intracellular c-di-GMP concentration and reduced the phosphodiesterase activity. Moreover, we found that the mRNA levels of multiple genes related to c-di-GMP metabolism were altered in Δcrp strain. These indicate that CRP regulates type 3 fimbriae expression indirectly via the c-di-GMP signaling pathway. In conclusion, we found evidence of a coordinated regulation of type 3 fimbriae expression by the CRP

  15. Siinolemise valikud : dialoog narkootikumidega / Inna Grünfeldt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grünfeldt, Inna, 1961-

    2008-01-01

    Rene Vilbre noortefilmist "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", stsenaariumi kirjutas Ilmar Raag. Filmi režissöör põhjendab, miks valis Sass Henno romaani ekraniseerimiseks

  16. Eesti film võistleb Karlovy Varys

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    8. juulil esilinastub Karlovy Vary filmifestivalil Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", stsenaariumi kirjutas Ilmar Raag. Film võistleb võistlusprogrammis "East of the West"

  17. "Mina olin siin" on viimaks siin / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2008-01-01

    Karlovy Vary filmifestivalil võistlusprogrammis "East of the West" osalenud Rene Vilbre noortefilmist "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", stsenaariumi kirjutas Ilmar Raag

  18. Uus Eesti film pandi eile Karlovy Varys projektorisse / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    8. juulil esilinastus Karlovy Vary filmifestivalil Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest". Film võistleb võistlusprogrammis "East of the West"

  19. Esilinastus väge täis "Mina olin siin" / Kutt Kommel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kommel, Kutt

    2008-01-01

    Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest" : operaator Mait Mäekivi : osades Rasmus Kaljujärv, Hele Kõre jt : Amrion Productions - Helsinki-filmi OY 2008

  20. Millest unistad ja kelleks tahad saada, ilus poiss? / Kati Murutar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murutar, Kati, 1967-

    2008-01-01

    Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest" : osades Rasmus Kaljujärv, Hele Kõre, Tambet Tuisk, Jaan Rekkor : Amrion Productions - Helsinki-filmi OY

  1. "Mina olin siin", võib vastu hambaid saada / Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Noortefilmi "Mina olin siin" võtetel. Filmi aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", stsenaariumi kirjutas Ilmar Raag, lavastab Rene Vilbre, operaator on Mait Mäekivi, peaosas Rasmus Kaljujärv, produtsendiks Riina Sildos

  2. Esimesel arestil on absurdi maitse / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Rene Vilbre noortefilmist "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest" : stsenarist Ilmar Raag, peaosas Rasmus Kaljujärv (Amrion Productions ja Helsinki Film, 2008). Filmi apsakatest ja ebaloogilisusest

  3. Sass Henno romaani järgi valmib film

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas jätkuvad noortefilmi "Mina olin siin" võtted. Filmi aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", lavastab Rene Vilbre, peaosas on Rasmus Kaljujärv, produtsendiks Riina Sildos

  4. Pikaajaline investor huvitub eelkõige äripinna renditulust / Tanel Veisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veisson, Tanel

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Nedvizhimost 13. sept. lk. 15. Äripindade investeeringult teenitav tulu jaguneb kaheks: tegevustulu ja kapitalitulu. Pikaajalisi investoreid huvitab esimene, spekulante seevastu viimane

  5. Молодежь пришла на кастинг в кино / Лилия Крысина

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Крысина, Лилия

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas toimus esimene kasting (näitlejate rollidesse ja massistseenidesse otsimine) Venemaa Esimese Kanali, Esimese Balti Kanali ja Walt Disney Company ühisprojekti, muusikalisse teleseriaali "После школы"

  6. "Вы хотите сниматься в кино?" / Нина Рачинская

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Рачинская, Нина

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas toimus esimene kasting (näitlejate rollidesse ja massistseenidesse otsimine) Venemaa Esimese Kanali, Esimese Balti Kanali ja Walt Disney Company ühisprojekti, muusikalisse teleseriaali "После школы"

  7. Lihtsas säilitusnõus on mõtted ja tunded / Vilve Torn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Torn, Vilve

    2007-01-01

    Frankfurdis toimunud sisustusmessil Ambiente 2007 sai Soome Iittala kaks Design Plusi auhinda. Esimene auhind anti agentuurile Pentagon Design teose " Jars" eest, teise auhinna sai Alfredo Häberli küünlaalus "Tris"

  8. Taotlused ja tulemus / Rein Tootmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tootmaa, Rein

    2002-01-01

    Helle Karise kavandatava portreefilmide sarja "Contra mortem" esimene film "Dr. Andres Ellamaa" : operaatorid Peter Murdmaa ja Marko Piirsoo : monteerija Eero Karis : produtsendid Helle Karis ja Maret Hirtentreu : kasutatud Carl Orffi muusikat : Myth Film 2002

  9. Doktor Ellamaa elutants / Linnar Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Linnar, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Helle Karise kavandatava portreefilmide sarja "Contra mortem" esimene film "Dr. Andres Ellamaa" : operaatorid Peter Murdmaa ja Marko Piirsoo : monteerija Eero Karis : produtsendid Helle Karis ja Maret Hirtentreu : kasutatud Carl Orffi muusikat : Myth Film 2002

  10. Uus raamatusari õpetajatele / Inga Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Inga

    2003-01-01

    Haridus- ja teadusministeerium hakkas välja andma tänapäeva pedagoogika raamatusarja "XXI sajandi kool". Ilmumas on esimene raamat: George Watson. Koolikäitumise käsiraamat. Kommenteerivad Jaan Kõrgesaar, Krista Sillar

  11. Duell diktaatoriga / Juri Hashtshevatski ; interv. Kelly Grossthal, Maari Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hashtshevatski, Juri

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas linastub esimene Eesti-Valgevene ühistöö "Kalinovski väljak", dokumentaalfilm Valgevene kuulsaima režissööri pikalt kestnud ja ohtlikust konfliktist diktaator Lukashenkaga. Poliitilisest olukorrast Valgevenes, president Aleksandr Lukashenkast

  12. Etendatakse 10-aastase kirjamehe näitemäng

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Tartu katoliku kooli 3. klassi poisi Mario Raitari näitemäng "Kristoph Silvester von Tenderi lugu", mis on esimene lugu sarjast "Mario Raitari kroonika". Näidendit etendab Linnupuu Lastepereteatri trupp

  13. Kui kirjandus jäi aega kinni: sõjast ja kirjandusest Johannes Semperi loomingus / Marit Karelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karelson, Marit

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis keskendutakse muutustele, mida Esimene maailmasõda tõi kaasa Johannes Semperi arusaamades kirjanduse ja aja koostoimimisest ning käsitletakse kirjaniku ideed ilukirjanduse rütmist, mis on eri perioodidel erinev

  14. Bagatellid : maailm / Mailis Põld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põld, Mailis

    2007-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid mujalt maailmast: Tipptenor Roberto Alagna protsessib La Scalaga. Pariisis andis sooloõhtu Pierre-Laurent Aimard. Messiaeni viimase õpilase George Benjamini esimene ulatuslik teos ooperizhanris. Saadaval Glenn Gouldi klaveritoolid. Seminoli indiaanlased omandasid Hard Rock kohvikute keti

  15. Virumaal elab hiphopkultuur rampidel ja tänavatel / Britta aka BB

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Britta aka BB

    2008-01-01

    Rakvere JJ-Street on esimene ametlik tänavatantsukool Eestis. 26.-28. septembril toimub Tallinnas Salme kultuurikeskuses tänavatantsufestival JJ-Street Baltic Session, festivali korraldaja on Joel Juht

  16. Poola videokunstnik piilub kunstihoones naiste sauna / Rainer Vilumaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilumaa, Rainer

    2005-01-01

    Poola meediakunstniku Katarzyna Kozyra 1997. aastast pärit ruumiinstallatsioonist "Naiste saun". See on esimene videoteos seeriast, kus kunstnik kasutab varjatud kaamerat. Näidatakse Tallinna Kunstihoones näitusel "Homo grandis natu"

  17. Ugala kaks uuslavastust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    27. aug. jõuab publiku ette hooaja esimene uuslavastus - A. Noormetsa kirjutatud ja lavastatud "Aastapäeva pidu" Paistu rahvamajas ja 4. sept. esietendub P. Võigemasti lavastuses siberlastest vendade O. ja V. Presnjakovide näidend "Terrorism"

  18. Euroopa asub rajama konkurenti GPSile / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2005-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu uue navigatsioonisüsteemi Galileo esimene satelliit saadeti eile kosmosesse. Satelliit GIOVE-A kujutab endast esimest ülekandemajakat, millega saab hakata looma kuni 30 satelliidist koosnevat globaalset navigatsioonivõrgustikku

  19. "Kreisiraadio" seltskond alustas heategevust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Sihtasutus Eesti Rahvuskultuuri Fond (ERKF) ja Hannes Võrno, Tarmo Leinatamm, Peeter Oja sõlmisid lepingu, millega ERKF-i juurde moodustatakse Kreisiraadio fond. Müüki jõudis fondi rahastamiseks "Kreisiraadio" esimene duubelplaat

  20. Who Gets into Government? Coalition Formation in European Democracies / Holger Döring, Johan Hellström

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Döring, Holger

    2013-01-01

    Valitsuste formeerumise erinev dünaamika 26 euroopa demokraatias (sealhulgas Eesti). Esimene valitsuses osalemise otsustavate tegurite süstemaatiline võrdlus ja erinevused Ida- ja Lääne-Euroopa riikide vahel

  1. Keele salaelu / Kristiina Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Vana Testamendi eestikeelsest tõlkest, mille tegid ajavahemikul 1687-1690 isa ja poeg Andreas ja Adrian Virginius. Rmt.: Esimene Moosese raamat. Iiobi raamat / tõlkinud 1687-1690 Andreas ja Adrian Virginius. Tallinn, 2003

  2. Nussbaumile muuseum Osnabrückis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Saksamaal avatud juudi maalikunstniku Felix Nussbaumi (1904-1944) muuseumi projekteeris USA arhitekt Daniel Liebeskind. Esimene välisnäitus - Art Spiegelmani Miki-Hiire koomiksiraamatute väljapanek

  3. Teatrisügise macho-pähklid / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2008-01-01

    Andrzej Saramonowiczi näidend "Testosteroon" Endla teatris, lavastaja Enn Keerd. Ott Aardami noortetükist "Poks", lavastaja autor Ugala teatris. Kristjan Sarve debüütlavastus "Rambo" David Morrelli romaani "Esimene veri" ainetel NO99 teatris

  4. Vaclav Havel avaldas president Ilvesele solidaarsust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tshehhi Vabariigi esimene president Vaclav Havel saatis president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesele ja Eesti rahvale toetusavalduse seoses viimase kuu jooksul toimunud Venemaa rünnakutega Eesti vastu. Ingl. k. lk. 12, pealk.: Havel supports Estonia

  5. Häid oskustöölisi on ka täna võimalik koolitada / Tiina Annus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Tiina

    2002-01-01

    Kutseõppeasutustesse vastuvõtmisel ei tehta õpilaskandidaatidele kutsesobivuse teste, tulevast töökohta ei suudeta ette kujutada, esimene praktikapäev ettevõttes võib kujuneda tõeliseks šokiks

  6. Algirdas Brazauskas : Ma ei häbene rahvale oma liini näidata / Algirdas Brazauskas ; interv. Sirje Pärismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brazauskas, Algirdas, 1932-2010

    2001-01-01

    Taasiseseisvunud Leedu esimene president oma ametiaja suurimatest saavutustest, oma edu saladusest, muutustest Leedu ühiskonnas, Balti riikide ühtsusest, Leedu-Vene suhetest, kokkupuudetest Eestiga jm. Eluloolisi andmeid

  7. Anneli Remme soovitab : Kuninganna Mary elu ja surm / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2002-01-01

    Kontserdisarja "Hingemuusika" teist kontserti raamivad Henry Purcelli teosed, millest esimene on loodud kuninganna Mary sünnipäevaks, viimane matusetseremooniaks. Barokkansambli Corelli Consort esituses 26., 27., ja 28. apr. Viljandi, Tartu ja Tallinna kirikutes

  8. Dokumentaalsari okupatsioonist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Videofilm "Esimene punane aasta" Eesti ajaloost 1939-40 : Autorid Karl Kello ja Arvo Vilu : Kistler- Ritso Eesti Sihtasutus 2000. Sihtasutus teeb filme loodavale okupatsiooni muuseumile. Sihtasutuse patrooniks on president Lennart Meri

  9. Georg R. R. Martin: "Jää ja tule laul" filmi ei mahu / intervjueerinud Hendrik Alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martin, George R. R., 1948-

    2011-01-01

    USA telekanali HBO telesarjast "Troonide mäng", George R. R. Martini "Jää ja tule laulu" sarja esimese raamatu "Troonide mäng" teleekraniseeringust. Sarja esimene osa esilinastus USA-s 17. aprillil

  10. Kinobuss hakkas koolitama filmiõpetajaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    9. jaan. alustas Kinobuss õpetajatele mõeldud kursusega "Teaching with animation. Õpetamine animatsiooniga", mis on esimene neljast 2006.a. toimuvast koolitusest. Töötuba peavad Mikk Rand ja Hanne Pedersen Taanist

  11. Kinobuss hakkab õpetajaid koolitama

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    9. jaan. alustas Kinobuss õpetajatele mõeldud kursusega "Teaching with animation. Õpetamine animatsiooniga", mis on esimene neljast 2006.a. toimuvast koolitusest. Töötuba peavad Mikk Rand ja Hanne Pedersen Taanist

  12. Kolm murdepunkti Eesti sisepoliitikas 1918-1934 / Ago Pajur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajur, Ago, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Parlamentaarse demokraatia perioodi murdepunktidest. Esimene murdepunkt : 1920. aasta põhiseadus. Teine murdepunkt : kommunistide putšikatse. Kolmas murdepunkt : Suur depressioon. Tabelid: Erakondade esindatus Riigikogu teises, kolmandas ja neljandas koosseisus ; V Riigikogu erakondliku koosseise muutumine (kohtade arv)

  13. Äripäev hakkab välja andma PR-ajakirja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Ilmuma hakkas Eesti esimene kommunikatsioonispetsialistidele ja -juhtidele mõeldud erialaajakiri Kaja, mille väljaandja on Äripäeva teabekirjastus koostöös Tallinna Ülikooli kommunikatsiooni instituudiga

  14. Uus punapass saab mikrokiibiga järglase / Aleksei Günter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Günter, Aleksei, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Anti välja esimene uue kujundusega Eesti kodaniku pass, järgmisel aastal plaanib kodakondsus- ja migratsiooniamet võtta kasutusele biomeetrilise passi, mis on varustatud mikrokiibiga. Lisa: Uus pass

  15. Kümne aasta tõsiseim kriis / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa investeerimisfirma KIT Finance pankrotiohtu sattumine käivitas paanika Vene börsil. Suurfirmade juhid ootavad valitsuselt otsustavamaid samme olukorra pidurdamiseks. Vt. samas: KIT Finance; Hannes Sarv. Esimene kukkuja

  16. Moeteater ühendab mitmest rahvusest Tallinna lapsi / Merike Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Merike

    2005-01-01

    Tallinnas Suur-Ameerika noortekeskuses avatud moeteatri Max Moda tegevusest. Rajaja ja tegevjuht Maksim Hlebnikov, kunstiline juht Margit Leerimaa. Moeteatri esimene etendus toimub 11. märtsil Rahvusraamatukogu suures konverentsisaalis

  17. Projekt "Challenger" / Jens Schröder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schröder, Jens, 1961-

    2010-01-01

    See oli okeanoloogia ajaloo esimene mastaapne teadusprojekt. 1872. aastal asus Briti korvett "HMS Challenger" teele kolme ja poole aastasele ekspeditsioonile ümber maakera. Teadlased uurisid võõraid rahvaid ja ookeanimaailma

  18. Uus tähendus naistepäevale / Marianne Skardéus, Urve Läänemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Skardéus, Marianne

    2008-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest naistest haridustöötajate organisatsioonist: Delta Kappa Gamma maailmaorganisatsioon (Delta Kappa Gamma Society International). 8. märtsil avati Tallinna Rahvusraamatukogus selle organisatsiooni esimene Eesti allorganisatsioon.

  19. Meltshajet mir, meltshajut ljudi ... / Ilze Liepa ; interv. Olga Vassiljeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liepa, Ilze

    2000-01-01

    Tantsijanna Ilze Liepa esimene roll draamateatris on Maria Stuart Ljudmila Razumovskaja näidendis "Teie õde ja vang", lavastaja Oleg Ogi. Peterburi teatri Teatrimaja (Teatralnõi dom) külalisetendused 18. detsembril Vene Kultuurikeskuses

  20. Vigdis Finnbogadottir / Vigdis Finnbogadottir ; interv. Astrid kannel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Finnbogadottir, Vigdis

    2007-01-01

    Maailma esimene valitud naispresident, Islandi Vabariigi president aastatel 1980-1996 Vigdis Finnbogadottir. Haridus, karjäär, tee teatridirektori toolilt presidendipostile, väikerahva keele olulisus, naised tipp-poliitikas, hariduse osatähtsus

  1. Harald Velner - insener üle poole sajandi / Harald-Adam Velner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velner, Harald-Adam, 1923-2012

    2008-01-01

    Harald-Adam Velner on Eesti Inseneride Liidu esimene taasiseseisvumisjärgne president. Lisaks Liis Seili lühiartikkel Harald-Adam Velneri isast August Velnerist: Teedeinsenerist isa juhtis inseneride ühendust enne sõda

  2. SEB Panga kliendikeskkond = SEB Bank customer environment

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas Kristiine keskuses asuva SEB pangakontori sisekujundusest. Autorid: Eero Jürgenson, Andres Jomp, Rene Safin (ARS Projekt), loetletud nende tehtud töid. SEB uue disainikontseptsiooni esimene rakendus

  3. Eesti lülitumine modernsusesse : "Noor-Eesti" roll poliitilise ja sotsiaalse mõtte mitmekesistamisel / Toivo Raun ; tõlkinud Anne Lange

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raun, Toivo, 1943-

    2009-01-01

    Eestis juhatas modernse poliitika sisse 1905. a. revolutsioon. Revolutsiooniga ühel aastal ilmus "Noor-Eesti" esimene album. Rühmituse juhtivate teoreetikute seisukohti rahvusküsimuse, välispoliitika jt. küsimustes

  4. YES-liikumine annab endast värvikalt märku / Lilian-Hanna Taimla, Heiko Teern ; intervjueerinud Sirje Pärismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taimla, Lilian-Hanna, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Maaülikoolis alguse saanud YES-liikumise (Young Environmental Specialists) arhitektuurinäituse "Minu päris esimene enda projekteeritud unistuste kodu" uues spordihoones korraldasid maaülikooli kunsti- ja disainigrupp ning maaehituse osakond

  5. Noor Eesti teadlane sai maineka Briti stipendiumi / Aive Sarjas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarjas, Aive

    2012-01-01

    Eesti Maaülikooli veterinaarmeditsiini ja loomakasvatuse instituudi doktorant Kristi Kernerist sai esimene inimene väljaspool Ühendkuningriiki, kelle loomade heaolu teemalist projekti autasustas Humane Slaughter Association prestiižsse Dorothy Sidley nimelise stipendiumiga

  6. Doktorant sai loomade heaolu uurimise eest haruldase stipendiumi / Mari Aigro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aigro, Mari

    2012-01-01

    Eesti Maaülikooli veterinaarmeditsiini ja loomakasvatuse instituudi doktorant Kristi Kernerist sai esimene inimene väljaspool Ühendkuningriiki, kelle loomade heaolu teemalist projekti autasustas Humane Slaughter Association prestiižsse Dorothy Sidley nimelise stipendiumiga

  7. Ettevalmistus noortebiennaaliks Pärnus / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2007-01-01

    Ideest korraldada 2007. aasta sügisel Tallinnas esimene noorte kunstnike biennaal, mille toimkonda juhivad Rael Artel ning Airi Triisberg. Pärnus toimunud üritusest "Public preparation. Exercises on Adhocracy"

  8. The CIA shadow on the outskirts of Vilnius / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    Leedu võib olla esimene riik, kes tunnistab CIA vangla olemasolu oma territooriumil, kuna telekanali LNK TV andmetel tunnistasid seda mitmed ohvitserid. Poliitikutest, kes on vastanud küsimustele seoses CIA vanglaga

  9. Sidney Poitier sillutas mustanahalistele staaridele teed / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2007-01-01

    20. veebr. täitub 80. eluaastat esimesel mustanahalisel filminäitlejal, kes võitis oma rolliga Oscari. Näitlejast, tema rollidest. Lisaks fakte "Esimene mustanahaline meespeaosatäitja Oscari laureaat"

  10. Gay pride parade evokes right-wing ire / Aaron Eglitis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eglitis, Aaron

    2005-01-01

    23. juulil peaks Riias aset leidma esimene geide, lesbide ja biseksuaalide paraad. Hulk parempoolseid opositsioonipoliitikuid ja noorteorganisatsioone on asunud ettevõtmist blokeerima. 19. juulil otsustas valitsus keelata diskrimineerimise töökohal seksuaalse orientatsiooni alusel

  11. Poola Nike 2007 / Hendrik Lindepuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindepuu, Hendrik

    2007-01-01

    Poola kirjanduspreemiast Nike, 2007. aasta laureaadist (Wieslav Mysliwski "Traktaat ubade puhastamisest"), 2007. aasta lugejapreemia laureaadist (Mariusz Szczygiel "Gottland") ja nominentitest (Jerzy Pilch "Minu esimene enesetapp", Magdalena Tull "Defekt", Maria Janion "Ebatavaline slaavilikkus", Tomasz Rozyck "Kolooniad", Marcin Swietlick "Sisemine muusika")

  12. Hiina naiskunstnike näitus / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Hongkongis avatud näitus "Hiina kunstilaval" keskendub hiina naiskunstnike Yu Cheni, Wang Jingi, Yuen Nimchi ja Hao Li loomingule ning on esimene samm võitluses hiina naiskunstnike soolise diskrimineerimise vastu.

  13. Krovavõi pretsedent

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Eestis on toime pandud esimene massi-meedia suurärimehe tellimusmõrv. Suhtumisest V. Haitovi mõrva kommenteerivad P. Põiklik, J. Ragrin, N. Solovei, N. Maspanov, A. Zõbin, H. H. Luik, J. Kogan, A. Tõnisson

  14. Õuduste isanda revansh / Karlo Funk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Funk, Karlo, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Peter Jacksoni esimene film J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse isand : Sõrmuse vennaskond" ("The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring") : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001

  15. Elust suurem seiklus / Laurence Lumiere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lumiere, Laurence

    2002-01-01

    Peter Jacksoni esimene film J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. Ka : Teleleht nr. 3, lk. 43

  16. Uroki elfiiskogo / Nikolai Karajev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karajev, Nikolai, 1978-

    2002-01-01

    Peter Jacksoni esimene film J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. Tolkieni loodud maailmast ja selle kujutamisest filmis

  17. Aasta Suurim Film? / Chili Palmer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palmer, Chili

    2002-01-01

    Peter Jacksoni esimene film J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", ("The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring") : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001

  18. Pudemed möödunud aegade kroonikast / Marek Laane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laane, Marek, 1969-

    2002-01-01

    Esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001

  19. Euroliidu Galileo süsteem astub kandadele USA GPS-ile / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu uue navigatsioonisüsteemi Galileo esimene satelliit saadeti eile kosmosesse. Satelliit GIOVE-A kujutab endast esimest ülekandemajakat, millega saab hakata looma kuni 30 satelliidist koosnevat globaalset navigatsioonivõrgustikku

  20. Korova Makarevitsha - samaja stojashtshaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest kunstifestivalist "Cowparade" Moskvas. Projekti algatajaks on Jerome D. Elbaum. Esimene Cowparade toimus 1998. a. Zürichis. Moskva oksjonil müüdi kõige kallimalt Andrei Makarevitshi, kunstnik Tatjana Nazarenko ja skulptor Zurab Tsereteli maalitud lehmad

  1. Bin Ladeni saladusliku autojuhi juhtum on lõplikult lahendamata / Hendrik Vosman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vosman, Hendrik

    2008-01-01

    Guantanamos USA-s lõppes esimene sõjaroimaprotsess peale Teist maailmasõda. Ka kohtuasjast "Hamdan vs Rumsfeld", mis oli seotud katsega Guantanamos kinni peetavaid nn vaenlasvõitlejaid sõjaväekomisjonides kohtu ette tuua

  2. Rapla liitus turvalise kodukandi liikumisega / Toivo Räägel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Räägel, Toivo, 1956-

    2004-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline liikumine "Turvaline kodukant" (Safe Community) haarab 80 paikkonda üle maailma ja on suunatud turvalisuse suurendamisele komplekssete meetmete abil. Rapla maakond on esimene Eestis, kes sellega liitus. Konverentsi avakõne pidas abiminister Külvar Mand

  3. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli oluline samm Euroopa teadusmaailma / Lauri Suurmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurmaa, Lauri

    2004-01-01

    Prof. Raimo Pullat viibis Püha Maria Vabas Ülikoolis, kus toimus ülikoolidevahelise keskuse - International Interuniversity Centre for the Mediterranean, Central-Eastern Europe and Eurasia esimene üldassamblee

  4. Елена Руди смотрит на звезды / Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2011-01-01

    Kontsertfotograafi Jelena Rudi esimene personaalne fotonäitus "Three Songs No Flash" avati 10. juunil klubis Bonbon üritusega Operation Art. Peale avamist viiakse näitus kohvikusse "Spirit" (Mere pst. 6)

  5. Елена Руди смотрит на звезды / Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2011-01-01

    Kontsertfotograafi Jelena Rudi esimene personaalne fotonäitus "Three Songs No Flash" avati 10. juunil klubis Bonbon. Peale avamist viiakse näitus kohvikusse "Spirit". Fotograaf räägib kontsertide pildistamisest

  6. Kak sdelat iz slona voronu / Margarita Golovanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Golovanova, Margarita

    2006-01-01

    25 aastat tagasi valmis NSV Liidus esimene plastiliinist nukkudega animafilm "Plastiliinist vares" ("Plastilinovaja vorona") : režissöör Aleksandr Tatarski : kunstnik-lavastaja Igor Kovaljov : helilooja Grigori Gladkov

  7. Odna prostaja plastilinovaja skazka pro voronu / Nadezhda Guzheva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guzheva, Nadezhda

    2007-01-01

    Kirjanik Eduard Uspenski meenutab, kuidas 26 aastat tagasi valmis NSV Liidus esimene plastiliinist nukkudega animafilm "Plastiliinist vares" ("Plastilinovaja vorona"), mille värsid tema kirjutas : režissöör Aleksandr Tatarski : helilooja Grigori Gladkov

  8. Sisustust Viru tänavalt / Piret Veigel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veigel, Piret, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Tallinnas Viru t. avatud uues sisustussalongis Rest Art pakutavast. Kaupluse esimene osa on pühendatud elutoale, tagumine ruum on sisustatud magamistoana. Pakutavad kodutekstiilid on kujundanud Külli Salum

  9. Jõekaares valmis moodne korterelamu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Austria arhitektuuribüroos Atelier Thomas Pucher & Bramberger Architects projekteeritud Tartu Jõekaare elamurajoonis valmis esimene korterelamu. Sisekujundaja Ulvi Lõhmus on loonud igale korterile omamoodi sisekujunduslahenduse ja värvikombinatsioonid. Värv. sisevaade

  10. Täna õhtul algab ETVs "Bionina" sari / Meelis Burget

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Burget, Meelis

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli teadlaste osalusel valminud telesarja "Bionina" esimene saade räägib kogu sarjale nime andnud seadeldisest. Kolloid- ja keskkonnakeemia vanemteadur Toonika Rinken tutvustab esimeses saates biosensorit

  11. Mark Soosaar näitab Eesti loomisest tehtud filme / Silja Joon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joon, Silja, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Pärnu uue kunsti muuseumis linastub 22.-24. veebruarini Eesti Vabariigi juubeli puhul filmiprogramm Mark Soosaare dokumentaalfilmidest. Lühitutvustused filmidest "Kihnu Kristjan", "Miss Saaremaa", "Riigivanem", "Vabatahtlikud", "Eesti esimene kodanik" ning info nende autori kohta

  12. Rwandas võtsid võimu naised / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2008-01-01

    Septembris toimunud parlamendivalimiste järel sai Aafrikas asuvast Rwandast esimene riik, kus parlamendiliikmete hulgas on rohkem naisi kui mehi. Ka parlamendi alamkoja etteotsa valiti naine - naisõiguslane ja õigusteaduste doktor Rose Mukantabana

  13. Eesti suurim tuulepark Pakri poolsaarel / Tiit Kallaste, Enn Kareda, Anton Laur, Koidu Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Pakri tuulepark on Eesti esimene suur rahvusvaheline tuuleenergia ühisrakenduse projekt, mille tasuvusuuring ja tuulepargi esimese järgu ehitus on täielikult finantseeritud väliskapitali poolt. Tabelid

  14. Jõhvi teeb j'älle Tallinnale ära / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Seoses Age Oksa balletikarjäärist loobumisega võiks Estonia teha sümboolse zhesti ja kutsuda nad oma lavale tantsima. Inglise Rahvuslikus Balletis tantsinud Age Oksa jaoks oli Estonia tema esimene koduteater

  15. Uudised : Kaunas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Baltic Multiplex Ventures, mille üheks osanikuks on BDG, avab Kaunases uue kobarkino ja meelelahutuskeskuse CINAMON. Esimene taoline keskus Eestis tuleb 2006.a. Tartusse ja teine Tallinna, uude Sakala keskusse

  16. Серых волков снабдят GPS-ошейниками / Мадис Филиппов

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Филиппов, Мадис

    2011-01-01

    Esimene Eesti hunt sai kaela GPS-seadme, mis hakkab edastama teavet looma toitumise ja elupiirkonna kohta, lähiajal on plaanis samasuguse seadme paigaldamine veel vähemalt kolmele hundile. GPS loomadel

  17. Vähemalt kolm hunti saavad veel GPS-kaelused / Madis Filippov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Madis

    2011-01-01

    Esimene Eesti hunt sai kaela GPS-seadme, mis hakkab edastama teavet looma toitumise ja elupiirkonna kohta, lähiajal on plaanis samasuguse seadme paigaldamine veel vähemalt kolmele hundile. GPS loomadel

  18. F. J. Wiedemanni keeleauhind on lakanud. Elagu F. J. Wiedemanni keeleauhind! / Eevi Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Eevi

    2003-01-01

    15-ndad ja viimased F. J. Wiedemanni Keeleauhinna Sihtasutuse laureaadid on Mati Hint ja Helju Vals, järgmisel aastal antakse välja esimene riiklik F. J. Wiedemanni keeleauhind Eesti Vabariigi peaministri poolt

  19. Кто такая Каролина Ивановна? (текстологический анализ петербургской поэмы Ф. Достоевского "Двойник" и рассказа Я. Буткова "Первое число")

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Котельникова, Татьяна

    2004-01-01

    F. Dostojevski "Teisiku" Karoliina Ivanovna tegelaskujus ja J. Butkovi jutustuse "Kuu esimene päev" samanimelises tegelaskujus võib näha viidet N. Gogoli jutustuse "Sinel" lavatagusele tegelaskujule

  20. Geroi komiksa : so stranits - na ekranõ / Oleg Nikolajev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nikolajev, Oleg

    2000-01-01

    Koomiksite jõudmisest kinoekraanidele. Mängufilm "X-mehed" ("X-Men") oli esimene kirjastuse Marvel Comics poolt väljaantud koomiksi põhjal tehtud film. Kavas on Hollywoodil neid praegu vähemalt 12

  1. [Raamat] / Andra Teede

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teede, Andra, 1988-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Pervik, Aino. Paula lõpetab lasteaia / illustreerinud Piret Raud. Tallinn : Tiritamm, 2007. (Tähenärija Raamatukogu) ; Pervik, Aino. Paula esimene koolipäev / illustreerinud Piret Raud. Tallinn : Tiritamm, 2007. (Tähenärija Raamatukogu)

  2. Lahti uus Sibelius-talo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Lahtis avati esimene puulipikuist ehitatud kontserdimaja, mis sai Sibeliuse nime. Arhitektid Hannu Tikka, Kimmo Lintula. Sibelius-talo hea akustika tagamiseks osales firma Artec New Yorgist eesotsas akustik Russell Johnsoniga.

  3. Kuninganna visiiti saadavad protestid / Inga Höglund

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Höglund, Inga

    2011-01-01

    Kuninganna Elisabeth II esimene visiit Iirimaale tõi kaasa suurima julgeolekuoperatsiooni läbi aegade. Dublinis avaldas meelt Suurbritannia kuninganna visiidi vastu mitusada demonstranti. Kronoloogia: Purjus kuningas ja teised monarhide visiidid IIrimaale

  4. "Käed segasid tühjalt kaarte ikka edasi, kuigi ise olin juba Une-Mati kaisus" / Urmas Vahe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahe, Urmas

    2007-01-01

    Maag Meelis Kubo, kes alustab ajalehes oma võlukunsti tutvustava rubriigiga. Lisaks lühitutvustus "Kes on Meelis Kubo?", sissejuhatus artikliteseeriasse "Kuidas ise mustkunsti teha?" ja esimene trikk : "Kas su isa on elektrik?"

  5. Animasari Bushist kolib mobiilist teleekraanile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    USA mobiilioperaator Amp'd Mobile mobiiliga filmitud ja levitatud animasari "Väike Bush : Ühendriikide kodanik" läheb teletootja Comedy Central kaudu ka telelevisse. Selles laadis on see esimene projekt

  6. Taiwan püüab arendada suhteid Aafrika maadega / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2007-01-01

    Taibeis toimus Aafrika maade ja Taiwani esimene tippkohtumine ning tööstus- ja kaubandusringkondade Taiwani-Aafrika progressiivse partnerluse foorum, põhiteemaks "Heaolu ja säästev areng". Hiina pahameel

  7. Logitech tutvustas juubelitooteid / Kuldar Kullasepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kullasepp, Kuldar, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 25. sept., lk. 14. Arvutite lisaseadmete tootja tõi turule kaks uut arvutihiirt: MX Revolution ja VX Revolution. Esimene neist on mõeldud laua-, teine sülearvutite kasutajatele

  8. Tüdruku muutunud veregrupp andis teadlastele idee / Alo Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Alo

    2008-01-01

    Austraalia tüdruk on esimene teadaolev inimene, kelle organism on muutnud veregruppi ning võtnud üle siirdatud organi immuunsüsteemi. Teadlastele andis see idee äratõukereaktsioonide vältimiseks organisiirdamistel

  9. Voronezhi kunstivarade kataloog sai valmis / Siim Randla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randla, Siim, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmub esimene osa Inge Kuke koostatud kataloogist "Dorpat-Jurjev-Tartu ja Voronež: ülikooli kollektsiooni saatus", kus tutvustatakse TÜ kunstivarade kollektsiooni, mis Esimese maailmasõja ajal Voronezhisse viidi

  10. Slesers says spend, spend, spend

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    5. augustil kinnitas Läti Esimene Partei/Läti Tee parlamendivalimiste valimisplatvormi, mille peamine mõte seisneb selles, et raha tuleb teenida, mitte säästa. Zatlersi Reformierakond on samuti oma valimisplatvormi kinnitanud

  11. Linlane arhitektuuri ja kunsti tellijana. Tallinna näide / Krista Kodres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kodres, Krista, 1957-

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna elanikkond ja selle sotsiaalne koosseis 16.-18. sajandil. Jõukas tallinlane kui kultuuri tarbija. Muusika- ja teatriharrastused. 1710 ilmus esimene Tallinna ajaleht "Revalsche Postzeitung". Informatsioon arhitektuuri ja kunsti kohta. Bibliograafia lk. 443

  12. Obama suunab kahuritule teadmata kadunud Osamale / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2009-01-01

    Autori sõnul on USA tähelepanu hajumine võimaldanud al-Qaidal peituda ja neid varjaval Talibanil uuesti tugevneda. Esimene muutus, mille Barack Obama USA presidendina tegi, oli katse islamimaailma terroristidest eemale meelitada

  13. Muusa ; "Siin möödus Pushkini eksiili algus..." ; Looming ; "Ma halvustan eleegiat ja oodi..." ; Esimene kaugelaskekahur Leningradis ; "Hauad on aeda kaevatud..." ; "Eks nüüd koputa väikese käega..." ; "Kui uks on suletud ja ühtki häält ei k

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ahmatova, Anna, pseud., 1889-1966

    2006-01-01

    Orig.: Muza ; "Zdes Pushkina izgnanje natshalos (Kavkazskoje) ; Tvortshestvo ; "Mne ni ktshemu oditsheskije rati..." ; Pervõi dalnoboinõi v Leningrade ; "Shtsheli v sadu võrõtõ..." ; "Postutshis kulakom - ja otkroju..." ; "Kogda lezhit luna lomtem tshardzhuiskoi dõni..." ; "Mnogoje jeshtsho, naverno, hotshet..." ; "I kak vsegda bõvajet v dni razrõva..."

  14. VAT-teater vaatab 30 aastat tulevikku / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2010-01-01

    VAT Teater toob S. Becketti "Krappi viimase lindi" lavale ebatavalisel moel. Festivalil "Draama 2010" Tartus toimub 8. septembril esimene avalik lindistus "...viimane lint / Saare esimene lint". Kontseptsioon: Tanel Saar ja Co. Esitus: Tanel Saar ja Hanna Allsaar. Näitejuhid-konsultandid: Rait Avestik ja Aare Toikka. "Krappi viimane lint" esietendub VAT Teatri ja Tanel Saare esituses 2040. a. sügisel. Festivali "Draama 2010" kavast

  15. An X-Ray Luminous, Dwarf Seyfert Companion of Markarian 273 (ApJ, 496, L9 [1998])

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, X.-Y.; Boller, Th.; Wu, H.; Deng, Z.-G.; Gao, Y.; Zou, Z.-L.; Mao, S.; Börner, G.

    1998-11-01

    In the Letter ``An X-Ray Luminous, Dwarf Seyfert Companion of Markarian 273'' by X.-Y. Xia, Th. Boller, H. Wu, Z.-G. Deng, Y. Gao, Z.-L. Zou, S. Mao, and G. Börner (ApJ, 496, L9 [1998]), an observational error occurred that invalidates some of our conclusions. Since Mrk 273x was essentially invisible (B~21) in our acqusition image, in order to position the slit on the faint Mrk 273x, a slit rotation had to be applied. Unfortunately, the amount of rotation was applied incorrectly. As a result, the spectrum obtained (shown in Fig. 2) was not for the intended target, Mrk 273x, but for an object very close to, but northeast of, Mrk 273. A new spectrum of Mrk 273x indicates that Mrk 273x is at redshift 0.458, not at 0.0378 as quoted in the Letter. The larger redshift implies that both the optical and X-ray luminosity have to be revised upward by a factor of ~170. Mrk 273x is therefore not a dwarf galaxy optically. The X-ray properties of Mrk 273x remain the same except that its soft X-ray luminosity now reaches ~1044 ergs s-1 for H0=50 km s-1 Mpc-1. The new observations will be presented in a subsequent paper (X.-Y. Xia et al., in preparation [1998]) in order to make corrections and shed further insights on the objects in the Mrk 273 field.

  16. Multiwavelength Spectral Variability of Mkn 501 in Outburst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hempfling, Christina

    2012-10-01

    We propose simultaneous multiwavelength observations of the blazar Mrk501 in flaring state with XMM-Newton, FACT and Swift. Bright TeV gamma-ray flares have been detected repeatedly from Mrk501. Leptonic blazar models predict an simultaneous increase in the gamma-ray and X-ray bands. However, Mrk 501 also showed so-called orphan flares, as well as flares featuring time lags that are hard to explain by current models. Available data lack detailed light curves and hence are not sufficient to make strong statements on the nature of the responsible processes. These observations of a flare of Mrk501 in the gamma-ray and X-ray band with high spectral sensitivity and time resolution will yield a big contribution to the comprehension of blazar emission processes.

  17. 76 FR 57054 - International Cooperation on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-15

    ...] International Cooperation on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Veterinary Medicinal... (MRK),'' (VICH GL46). This guidance has been developed for veterinary use by the International Cooperation on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Veterinary Medicinal Products (VICH...

  18. Free-Free Absorption on Parsec Scales in Seyfert Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, A. L.; Ulvestad, J. S.; Wilson, A. S.; Colbert, E. J. M.; Mundell, C. G.; Wrobel, J. M.; Norris, R. P.; Falcke, H.; Krichbaum, T.

    Seyfert galaxies come in two main types (types 1 and 2) and the difference is probably due to obscuration of the nucleus by a torus of dense molecular material. The inner edge of the torus is expected to be ionized by optical and ultraviolet emission from the active nucleus, and will radiate direct thermal emission (e.g. NGC 1068) and will cause free-free absorption of nuclear radio components viewed through the torus (e.g. Mrk 231, Mrk 348, NGC 2639). However, the nuclear radio sources in Seyfert galaxies are weak compared to radio galaxies and quasars, demanding high sensitivity to study these effects. We have been making sensitive phase referenced VLBI observations at wavelengths between 21 and 2 cm where the free-free turnover is expected, looking for parsec-scale absorption and emission. We find that free-free absorption is common (e.g. in Mrk 348, Mrk 231, NGC 2639, NGC 1068) although compact jets are still visible, and the inferred density of the absorber agrees with the absorption columns inferred from X-ray spectra (Mrk 231, Mrk 348, NGC 2639). We find one-sided parsec-scale jets in Mrk 348 and Mrk 231, and we measure low jet speeds (typically £ 0.1 c). The one-sidedness probably is not due to Doppler boosting, but rather is probably free-free absorption. Plasma density required to produce the absorption is Ne 3 2 105 cm-3 assuming a path length of 0.1 pc, typical of that expected at the inner edge of the obscuring torus.

  19. FACT. More than four years of blazar monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorner, Daniela [Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany); Collaboration: FACT-Collaboration

    2016-07-01

    Since October 2011, the First G-APD Cherenkov Telescope (FACT) has been collecting more than 5500 hours of physics data. Thanks to the silicon based photosensors (SiPMs, aka G-APDs), observations during bright ambient light like full moon can be carried out without degradation of the sensors. Keeping the gain of the SiPMs stable using an online feedback system, a stable and homogeneous detector performance is achieved. Based on this and an automatic data taking procedure, an unbiased longterm data sample is collected. An automatic quick look analysis provides results shortly after the data are taken allowing to send flare alerts within the same night. The main targets for FACT are the bright TeV blazars Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 which are monitored since January 2012. In addition, several other sources like for example the Crab Nebula, 1ES 1959+650, 1ES 2344+54.1 are observed. In this presentation, the results from more than four years of monitoring are summarized. Several flares from Mrk 501 and Mrk 421 are discussed in the multi-wavelength (MWL) context. Mrk 501 underwent major outbursts in June 2012 and June 2014 during the yearly MWL campaigns. Mrk 421 showed a bright flare in April 2013 where also MWL observations are available. 1ES 1959+650 showed enhanced flux in autumn 2015. Results from these observations are discussed.

  20. Environment-oriented private house of Mr.K in Kyushu. Self-sufficing concept of the entire house demands for heating and cooling by natural energy, including the sewage disposal; Kyushu ni tatsu kankyo kyoseigata jutaku (K tei). Danbo/ryobo/seikatsu haisui no subete wo teinai deno shizen energy wo mochiite jusoku/shorisuru konseputo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishihara, O. [Kumamoto Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-09-30

    A case study for a natural energy system serving for a private house is reported with the outline of the system and the measurement results of the temperature and heat environments both in summer and winter. A 2-story house with an area of 141m{sup 2} and a total floor area of 186m{sup 2} is introduced including the site where it stands. Then, it is described on a floor heating system by circulating warm water through pipings embedded in the structural bodies, made of reinforced concrete from a solar heat collector consisted of 20 galvanized steel pipes of 100mm in diameter and 7m in length, a wall and ceiling cooling system with well water that gushes out at a rate of about 2 tons/min, and also the use of 20 amorphous solar cell panels as the source of electric power generation of about 17W capacity for these 2 systems, a house sewage disposal after the first stage treatment into the soil of kicken garden and so forth. Upon these system installed, 50 measurement items such as temperatures of outdoor and each room, humidity, quantity of sunshine and so on were measured for 1 year, and the instrumentation data were collected. From various analytical results, it was revealed that the highest temperature of warm water pipings in winter was 32{degree}C, while the lowest temperature of 17{degree}C was recorded in the morning and the surface temperature in the structural bodies of a room located at the south-east corner remained stable in summer more or less at 27{degree}C and so forth. 13 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Eestist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Vanemuise kontserdimaja esimene sünnipäev täissaalidega; EMA-s esmakordselt projektinädal; Juubeliüritused Otsa-koolis; Rahvusvaheline muusikaseminar Tallinnas; Saami kultuuri päevad; Kaitseväe orkester mängib operetiks; Eesti Noorte Puhkpilliorkester tähistas 5. tegevusaastat; Kandlefestival lõppes novembris; Kohalike muusikute austamine Saaremaal; Otepää kultuurielu saab uue hoo; Venekeelse elanikkonna integreerimisest rahvakultuuri kaudu; ESL esimene suurüritus; Tamula Järvemuusikakontserdi toimumine ohus

  2. Line profile variations in selected Seyfert galaxies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kollatschny, W; Zetzl, M; Ulbrich, K

    2010-01-01

    Continua as well as the broad emission lines in Seyfert 1 galaxies vary in different galaxies with different amplitudes on typical timescales of days to years. We present the results of two independent variability campaigns taken with the Hobby-Eberly Telescope. We studied in detail the integrated line and continuum variations in the optical spectra of the narrow-line Seyfert galaxy Mrk 110 and the very broad-line Seyfert galaxy Mrk 926. The broad-line emitting region in Mrk 110 has radii of four to 33 light-days as a function of the ionization degree of the emission lines. The line-profile variations are matched by Keplerian disk models with some accretion disk wind. The broad-line region in Mrk 926 is very small showing an extension of two to three light-days only. We could detect a structure in the rms line-profiles as well as in the response of the line profile segments of Mrk 926 indicating the BLR is structured.

  3. Mina olin siin. Kus siis täpselt? / Donald Tomberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Donald

    2008-01-01

    Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", osades Rasmus Kaljujärv, Hele Kõre, Tambet Tuisk, Jaan Rekkor : Amrion Productions - Helsinki-filmi OY. Artikli lõpus R. Vilbre filmograafia

  4. Kõik tänapäeva noored ei ole sellised!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", Rene Vilbre mängufilm "Mina olin siin". Film ja raamat "Mina olin siin" on tekitanud arutelu : kas tõesti on noorus hukas!? Filmi sündmustiku reaalsuse kohta avaldavad küsitluses oma arvamuse Leo Suik, Merily Kihuoja, Janika Hendrikson, Gert Gurjev ja Arto Vaha. Lisaks fakte raamatu ja filmi kohta

  5. Eesti pätidraama läks Karlovy Varyl täismajale / Tristan Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Tristan, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    8. juulil esilinastus Karlovy Vary filmifestivalil Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest". Film võistleb võistlusprogrammis "East of the West". Ka teistest eesti filmidest, mida festivali eri programmides näha saab

  6. Eesti film jõudis taas nimekale festivalile / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Karlovy Vary filmifestivalil esilinastub Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", stsenaariumi kirjutas Ilmar Raag. Film võistleb võistlusprogrammis "East of the West". Esitlema sõidavad R. Vilbre, R. Sildos, R. Kaljujärv, T. Tuisk

  7. "Mina olin siin" esilinastub Karlovy Varys

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Karlovy Vary filmifestivalil esilinastub Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", stsenaariumi kirjutas Ilmar Raag. Film võistleb võistlusprogrammis "East of the West". Esitlema sõidavad R. Vilbre, R. Sildos, R. Kaljujärv, T. Tuisk

  8. Algasid Henno "Mina olin siin" järgi tehtava filmi võtted

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eile algasid noortefilmi "Mina olin siin" võtted. Filmi aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", stsenaariumi kirjutas Ilmar Raag, lavastab Rene Vilbre, operaator on Mait Mäekivi, peaosas Rasmus Kaljujärv, produtsendiks Riina Sildos

  9. Betamag.ee vahendab oma elukunsti / Anne Vetik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vetik, Anne

    2006-01-01

    Graafilisele disainile ja popkultuurile pühendatud elektroonilisest ajakirjast Beta. Idee Liisa-Triin Vurmalt ja Jaana Davidjantsilt, kaastööd teevad Tristan Priimägi, Jass Seljamaa ja Erik Morna. Ilmumas neljas Beta, esimene veebruaris 2005

  10. "52 сюрприза и идеи" начнутся с 3D-перформансов

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Kultuuripealinna ideekonkursi sündmustesarja "52 ideed ja üllatust" esimene idee toob Tallinna vanalinna videoprojektorid, mis näitavad majade seintele animeeritud kummituslugusid. Projekt on valminud Jüri Reinbergi, Revolver Filmi ja Tribe OÜ koostöös ja kannab nime "Vaimude ringmäng"

  11. Vanalinnas kummitavad armunud / Mari Kodres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kodres, Mari

    2010-01-01

    Kultuuripealinna ideekonkursi sündmustesarja "52 ideed ja üllatust" esimene idee toob Tallinna vanalinna videoprojektorid, mis näitavad majade seintele animeeritud kummituslugusid. Projekt on valminud Jüri Reinbergi, Revolver Filmi ja Tribe OÜ koostöös ja kannab vaimude ringmängu nime

  12. "Piinakambri" perenaine / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    2009. a. filmiloomingu kuus Oscarit sai Kathryn Bigelow mängufilm "Piinakamber". Selle võiduga on ta esimene naisrežissöör, kes võitnud parima lavastaja auhinna. Sõjafilmist, mille tegevus toimub Iraagis ja mis räägib pommirühma igapäevasest elust

  13. Eesti e-valmisolekut hinnati kõrgeks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Alates 2000. aastast koostab Economisti äriinfo üksus (Economist Intelligence Unit) igal aastal riikide e-valmisoleku edetabelit. Lisatud tabel 2007. ja 2008. aasta kohta. Eesti on Ida-Euroopa riikidest esimene ja maailma lõikes 28. kohal

  14. New recycling center hopes to change attitudes in Estonia / Alec Charles

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Charles, Alec

    2004-01-01

    Caritas, Eestimaa Looduse Fond ja Heateo Sihtasutus on asutanud MTÜ Taaskasutus. Esimene taaskasutuskeskus loodi Tallinnas Paide tänavas, kuhu kogutakse majapidamises üleliigseks osutunud asju ning müüakse neid soodsa hinnaga edasi. Tulust plaanitakse luua riskinoorte tööõppeklasse ja töökodasid

  15. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Harry Liivrand, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2010-01-01

    Uudiseid maailmast: Helilooja Jennifer Higdon pälvis Pulitzeri preemia. Fabio Luisist sai Metropolitan Opera esimene külalisdirigent. "Operalia" võitjad Sonya Yoncheva ja Stefan Pop. Lahkus metsosopran Giulietta Simionato. Kaija Saariaho uus ooper "Emilie" Amsterdamis. Hollandi maineka jazziauhinna noppis Anton Goudsmit. Herbie Hancock tähisats juubelit. Jagati reggae- ja maailmamuusika auhindu. Ilmus Stevie Wonderi biograafia

  16. Eesti fotosalvest. [1.] / foto: G. Zopp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Uno Schultzi ideest algatada Eesti Päevalehes uus rubriik, kus lugejad saaksid oma vanu, seni ajakirjanduses ilmumata fotosid avaldada. Fotod peaksid olema seotud Eesti ja eestlastega ning omama aja- ja kultuuriloolist väärtust, siin esimene foto aastast 1936, pildil Varstu Ühispanga liikmed

  17. Innovatsiooniosak tuleb appi / Marika Popp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Popp, Marika

    2008-01-01

    Innovatsiooniosak ( innovation vouchers) kujutab endast kinkekaarti ettevõtjale, selle alusel avaneb eriti väike- ja keskmise suurusega ning seni vähe või üldse mitte teadus- ja arendustööga kokku puutunud ettevõtteil saada esimene kogemus ning tekitada juurdepääs teadmiste allikale

  18. From town to heritage conservation area / Lilian Hansar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansar, Lilian, 1949-

    2010-01-01

    Linnaehituslike struktuuride muutused Eesti väikelinnades 13.-20. sajandil. Esimene vanalinna kaitsetsoon moodustati Eestis 1966. a. Tallinnas, 1973. a. võeti riikliku kaitse alla Lihula, Haapsalu, Kuressaare, Paide, Pärnu, Rakvere, Tartu, Viljandi, Võru ja 1995. a. Valga ajalooline keskus

  19. Vägivald tänapäeva noortekirjanduses / Elinor Taluste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taluste, Elinor

    2009-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse eesti keeles ilmunud noorteraamatuid, milles on kujutatud vägivalda selle eri vormides. Vaatluse all on kaks algupärandit: Sass Henno "Mina olin siin: esimene arest" ja Katrin Reimuse "Eilset pole olemas" ning kaks tõlget: Jerry Spinelli "Tähetüdruk" ja Jan Guillou` "Kurjus"

  20. Algab "Valgete ööde" festival

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    18. juunil toimub Endla teatri küünis nüüdistantsule ja -teatrile keskenduva "Valgete ööde" festivali esimene etendus - saab näha tantsutruppi Company B. Valiente. Esitatakse tantsulavastus "Body Business" (koreograafid Marcelino Martin Valiente ja Gunhild Bjornsgaard)

  1. Põhjamaade ja Baltimaade arhitektuuritriennaal PBAT/NBAT / Irina Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Irina

    1999-01-01

    Osa võtma kutsuti arhitektid Islandilt, Norrast, Taanist, Rootsist, Soomest, Leedust, Lätist ja Eestist. Esimene triennaal (PBAT) toimus 24.09.-26.09. 1990 teemal "Metropolism and provincialism", II 1993. a. peateemaga "Architecture and induviduality", III 1996. a. peateemaga "Space and water"

  2. I feel Slovenia(n) / Anzhe Logar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Logar, Anzhe

    2008-01-01

    Autor annab ülevaate poliitilistest arengutest ja võimuvõitlusest Sloveenias alates iseseisvumisest kuni 2008. aasta septembrini, perioodi sisse mahub ka Sloveenia esimene eesistumiskord Euroopa Liidus. Vt. samas: Berit Teeäär. Poriloopimisega saavutatud võit. Tabel: 21. septembril 2008 toimunud parlamendivalimiste tulemused

  3. Pedagoogikaülikoolis saab õppida eurotõlgiks / Helve Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Helve, 1958-

    2002-01-01

    2002. a. avas Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikool tõlkide magistriõppe, konkurss oli suur. Magistriõpe kestab kaks aastat, esimene semester on sissejuhatav, teisest semestrist lähevad suuliste ja kirjalike tõlkide õppekavad lahku

  4. "Troonide mäng" toob fantaasia usutavalt teleekraanile / Mari Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Mari

    2011-01-01

    USA telekanali HBO telesarjast "Troonide mäng", George R. R. Martini "Jää ja tule laulu" sarja esimese raamatu "Troonide mäng" teleekraniseeringust. Sarja esimene osa esilinastus USA-s 17. aprillil. Osades Sean Bean jt.

  5. Alfred Chandler viis äriajaloo massidesse / Harli Uljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uljas, Harli

    2007-01-01

    Majandusteadlane Alfred Chandler oli esimene, kes tõi kasutusse väite, et muutused strateegias saavad olla edukad vaid juhul, kui juhid suunavad ka ettevõtte toimima uutmoodi. Teda peetakse suurkorporatsiooni äriajaloo leiutajaks. Artikkel sisaldab loetelu A. Chandleri kirjutistest

  6. Veevärk laiendab haaret / Monika Puutsa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puutsa, Monika

    2005-01-01

    Kuressaare Veevärk OÜ ja Veemaailm INC sõlmisid lepingu vee- ja kanalisatsioonitorustiku rajamiseks ja uuendamiseks linna 24 tänaval, mis on esimene etapp Saare maakonda hõlmavast Ühtekuuluvusfondi veemajanduse projektist. 80% ulatuses rahastab projekti EL

  7. Anhaldt-Dessau vürstiriik - ideaalne kultuuripark / Tiina Tammet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammet, Tiina, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Franz von Anhaldt-Dessau (1740-1817) 18. sajandil loodud Wörlitzi pargist, mis oli mandri-Euroopas esimene inglise stiilis park. Muinsuskaitse all olev kultuuripark on osa UNESCO Kesk-Elbe-Steckby-Lödderitzer Forsti biosfäärikaitsealast

  8. Region sotrudnitshestva = Region of cooperation / Aleksei Kaulbars

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaulbars, Aleksei

    2004-01-01

    Vene Föderatsiooni kaubandus- ja majandusministri esimene asetäitja Tallinnas toimunud Läänemeremaade majandusministrite kohtumisel arutatud teemadest, sh Euroopa Liidu laienemise mõjudest Venemaa ja Euroopa riikide vahelistele majandus- ja kaubandussuhetele ning vastuvõetud ühisdeklaratsioonist, mis kajastab riikide seisukohti regionaalse majandusliku koostöö kohta

  9. Intellekt ja selle areng imiku- ja väikelapseeas / Marika Veisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veisson, Marika, 1949-

    1998-01-01

    Kolm ajaloolist lähenemist intellekti uurimisele. Nancy Bayley poolt 1969.a. välja töötatud esimene põhjalikum väikelaste ja imikute intellekti uurimismetoodika - Bayley Imikute Arengu Skaala; psühhomeetriline lähenemine, J. Piaget kognitiivse arengu teooria

  10. Alar Kivilo väntab Hollywoodis spordifilmi / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2009-01-01

    Eestlasest Ameerika filmiakadeemia liige filmioperaator Alar Kivilo alustas tööd John Lee Hancocki mängufilmiga "Kaitseta külg" ("The Blind Side"). Juunis esilinastub USAs tema operaatoritööga Harold Ramis'e "Esimene aasta" ("Year One")

  11. Avati teaduskeskus maakula ealise degeneratsiooniga (AMD-ga) võitlemiseks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa esimene silma kollatähni ehk makulaarse pigmendi uurimisgrupi keskus (MPRG) Iirimaal Waterfordi tehnoloogiainstituudis uurib toitumise mõju võitluses maailma enim levinud pimedaks jäämise põhjusega - kollatähni kärbumise ehk maakula ealise degeneratsiooniga (AMD-ga)

  12. Ülemiste City maastikukujundus / Ülle Grišakov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grišakov, Ülle, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Esimene Tallinna erapark, ainulaadne projekt, mis kombineerib vana industriaalarhitektuuri uute hoonetega ning linnamaastiku värskete lahendustega. Säilitatud on kõrghaljastus. Projekti autorid on Olga Borisik, Triin Järve ja Ülle Grišakov OÜ Kivisilla, 2005

  13. Ameerika diplomaat käis Ida-Virus suursaadiku visiiti ette valmistamas / Argo Soolep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soolep, Argo, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 24. sept. 2004, lk. 3. Ameerika saatkonna esimene sekretär poliitika ja majanduse küsimuses Stuart A. Dweyer saabus Ida-Virumaale kahepäevasele visiidile. Saatkonna eesmärgiks on külastada kõiki Eesti linnu

  14. Venemaalase tegevus USA börsil võinuks tuua LHV-le kahjunõude / Lauri Linnamäe, Aivar Õepa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    USA väärtpaberiagentuur SEC tunnustas Eesti finantsinspektsiooni, kes tegi nendega head koostööd Venemaa kodaniku Jevgeni Gashitshevi arvete arestimisel. Diagramm: Börsipettus identiteedivarguse teel. Lisa: Pump-and-dump petuskeem. Vt. samas: LHV esimene skandaal

  15. Viie riigi kooliprojekt suurendab sallivust / Kadri Haavajõe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haavajõe, Kadri

    2009-01-01

    Türgi nädala raames külastas Türgi saatkonna esimene sekretär Özgür Çakar Kadrina keskkooli seoses Comeniuse toetusel toimuva koostööga Top School Calendar Events. Koostööst võtavad osa Poola, Türgi, Portugali, Itaalia ja Eesti koolid

  16. DVD. Alar Niineväli soovitab "Tähevärav : Tõelaegas" / Alar Niineväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niineväli, Alar

    2008-01-01

    Esimene kahest otse DVD levisse läinud mängufilmist populaarse ulmeseriaali lõpuleviimiseks "Tähevärav: Tõelaegas" ("Stargate: The Ark of Truth") : režissöör Robert C. Cooper : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Kanada 2008

  17. Raadiojaam ärkas ellu / Jüri Laulik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laulik, Jüri, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Sihtasutus Eesti Rahvuskultuuri Fond (ERKF) ja Hannes Võrno, Tarmo Leinatamm, Peeter Oja sõlmisid lepingu, millega ERKF-i juurde moodustatakse Kreisiraadio fond. Müüki jõudis fondi rahastamiseks "Kreisiraadio" esimene duubelplaat. Kreisiraadio esineb taas ka Kuku Raadios, kus esineti vahelduva tihedusega aastail 1993-1999

  18. Kuidas Udmurdi ja Mordva vabariik lipud said / Jaak Prozes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prozes, Jaak, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Kunstnikud Juri Lobanov ja Andrei Aljoshkin räägivad Udmurdi vabariigi ja Mordva vabariigi lipu ja vapi saamisloo. Udmurdi ja Mordva lipu värvide tähendusest. Udmurtia, Mordva, Komi ja Marimaa esimene kaasaegse kunsti näitus "Põhi ja kirre : kontinentaalne alateadvus" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 14. märts-18. mai 2008

  19. Kolm päeva Lulea ülikoolis / Sirje Virkus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virkus, Sirje, 1956-

    1999-01-01

    23.-25. aprillini toimus Luleas projekti "Information Technology and Gender- Comparative and Cross-disciplinary Perspectives" esimene tööseminar, kus käsitleti infotehnoloogia aspekte naisuuringuis ning anti ülevaade vastavasisulisest uurimistööst kogu maailmas. Eestit esindasid Sirje Virkus ja Vello Randla

  20. Somaalia piraadid ei taha Saksamaale minna / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-

    2010-01-01

    Saksa kaubalaeva Taipan kaaperdamiselt tabatud somaallased ei taha, et neid antaks välja Saksamaale. Siiani on suurem osa tabatud Somaalia piraatidest saadetud Kenya kohtutesse. Rotterdamis algab järgmisel nädalal üle mitme sajandi esimene Euroopa piraadiprotsess

  1. Rabotshaja sila, gossudarstvennõi sektor i programma promõshlennogo razvitija / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2007-01-01

    Tööandjate Keskliidu juhatuse esimehe Enn Veskimägi arvamusi tööjõust, riiklikust sektorist ja tööstuse arenguprogrammist. Tööandjate keskliidu pöördumisest vabariigi valitsuse poole, milles juhitakse tähelepanu riigi majanduse ees seisvatele probleemidele. Vt. samas: Eesti eksport 2005-2007 esimene pool

  2. Hyundai uude turusektorisse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Hyundai Santa Fe Detroidi autonäituselt on esimene Hyundai märgi all valmistamisele tulev sport- ja tarbesõiduki eellane. Santa Fe töötasid välja korea insenerid Ulsanis ja ameerika disainerid firma Californias asuvas arenduskeskuses

  3. Kirjandus ja riigikirjand / Maia Madisso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Madisso, Maia

    2001-01-01

    2001.a. riigieksami kirjandite analüüs, milles vaadeldakse, kuivõrd on töödes tuginetud kirjandusteostele. 2001.a. riigikirjand oli esimene omataoline, mille puhul kirjandusele toetumine ei olnud ühegi teema puhul obligatoorne. Analüüsiks kasutati 279 kirjandist koosnevat juhuslikku valikut.

  4. Wiener Sezession 100 : maailmast / Mirjam Peil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peil, Mirjam, 1939-

    1998-01-01

    1987. a. Viini kunstnike poolt loodud ühingust Sezession, mis toetas sümbolistliku sõnumiga juugendkunsti. Esimene esimees ja vaimne liider oli Gustav Klimt. Sezessioni näitusehoonest, mida 1897. a. asus projekteerima Joseph Maria Olbrich

  5. Sarivõistlused ja Medalijaht 2012 / Eduard Pukkonen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pukkonen, Eduard, 1960-

    2012-01-01

    2012. aastal lisandus Eesti Orienteerumisliidu juhatuse otsusega olemasolevatele sarjadele Eesti meistrivõistluste medalite kogumise võistlus Medalijaht 2012, mille esimene võitja on Marianne Haug 11 medaliga. 2012. aastal jagati orienteerumisspordis kõigi alade ja võistlusklasside peale välja 744 Eesti meistrivõistluste medalit

  6. Sisustusmess Pariisis "Maison &Objet 2007" / Elen Mets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mets, Elen

    2007-01-01

    Uusi trende Pariisi messilt, kus silma hakkavad esimene internetti ühendatud jänes Nabaztag, Marcel Wandersi disainitud dünaamilised seinakleepsud, Valerie Boy asuurse metallkattega Quadra-valgusti, Richard Hutteni suurekõrvalised lastekruusid, Marine Peyre'i loodud alumiiniumist lilletoru jt.

  7. Leegitsev torn - kaasaegne katastrooffilm / Timo Diener

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Diener, Timo

    2004-01-01

    Kuidas sündis Hollywoodi esimene suur katastrooffilm "Leegitsev torn" ("The Towering Inferno") : produtsent Irwin Allen : stsenarist Stirling Silliphant : režissöör John Guillermin : peaosades Paul Newman ja Steve McQueen : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1974. Järgneb 6., 13., 20. sept. 2004, lk. 38

  8. Vault, Arch and the Pomegranate Tree / Eva Laantee Reintamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laantee Reintamm, Eva

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas Aedvilja ja Karu tänava nurgal asuvast uuest sünagoogist, projekteerija KOKO Arhitektid. 1883. aastal avati Maakri tänaval Nikolai Thamme projekteeritud Eesti esimene sünagoog (hävitati 1944). Juudi kogukonna ajaloost

  9. Itaalia kohus mõistis 23 CIA agenti vangi islamisti röövi eest / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2009-01-01

    Itaalia kohtu süüdimõistvast otsusest USA Luure Keskagentuuri (CIA) töötajate kohta islami äärmuslase Abu Omari ebaseadusliku vahistamise kohtuasjas, mis on esimene kohtuprotsess maailmas CIA töömeetodite üle

  10. [Öös on valgust...] / Karl Kello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kello, Karl, 1950-

    2009-01-01

    Iirimaalt alguse saanud liikumise Libertas, millest on kujunemas esimene üleeuroopaline erakond, eesmärkidest muuta Euroopa paremini toimivaks. Esikohale on seatud demokraatia arendamine esmatasandil ning läbipaistvuse ja vastutuse suurendamine, samuti võitlus eurobürokraatia vastu. Libertas Eesti Erakonna esimees on Jaan Laas

  11. USA salajane riigiametnike komisjon võib panna ka oma kodanikud tapanimekirja / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2011-01-01

    Jeemenis USA droonirünnakus hukkunud Anwar al-Awlaki, keda USA valitsusesindajad nimetasid al-Qaida talendiotsijaks ja värvatute motiveerijaks, oli väidetavalt esimene USA kodanik, kes oli pandud USA vastu võitlevate terroristide nn. tapanimekirja

  12. Tulevikuteatri nimel, nüri järjekindlusega - edasi ! / Katrin Nielsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nielsen, Katrin

    2001-01-01

    2001. a. 20. märts oli esimene aasta, mil ülemaailmsesse organisatsiooni ASSITEJ kuuluvad laste- ja noorteteatrid tähistasid lasteteatrite päeva. Eesti ASSITEJsse (asutatud 1992. a.) kuuluvad VAT Teater, Narva Teater Ilmarine, Jõhvi teatrid Tuuleveski ja Lepatriinu, Tartu Minerva, Tallinna Reel, Viljandi Nukuteater ning rida üksikliikmeid. Eesti keskuse tulevikuplaanidest

  13. Mis on looming.org? : elektrooniline heli / Andres Lõo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõo, Andres

    2004-01-01

    Võrguajakirjast www.looming.org, kuhu kogutakse infot põhiliselt kahe jaotuse põhjal: muusika ja helieksperimentalism ning kaasaegne kunst, kunsti ja meediaga seonduv. Idee autorid: Hanno Soans ja Andres Lõo. Ilmunud on looming.orgi esimene muusikakogumik "Lilled algebrale"

  14. Miljonär Toomas Tool sai süüdistuse börsi kuritarvitamises / Andrus Karnau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karnau, Andrus

    2009-01-01

    Ärimees Toomas Tool ja tema tehinguid vahendanud SEB börsimaakler Karoly Kirber said süüdistuse Arco Vara aktsiatega börsil manipuleerimises. Vt. samas: Eesti esimene börsimanipulatsioon jõuab kohtu ette; Diagramm

  15. Condoleezza Rice : Ameerika äraspidine Tuhkatriinu / Arni Alandi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alandi, Arni, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Esimene mustanahaline naine USA välisministri kohal, kes ajakirja Forbes andmeil oli 2005. aasta mõjukaim naine maailmas. Denveri ülikooli muusikateaduskonna vahetas üheksateistaastane Condie politoloogia vastu, pühendudes sovetoloogiale. Ameeriklased peavad tõenäoliseks, et Condoleezza Rice võib saada USA presidendiks

  16. Siff võitleb Lasnamäe karjääriehitusõiguse pärast / Krista Taim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taim, Krista

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 16. aug. lk. 7. Transiidiärimees Endel Sifi firma OÜ Primos taotlusest tühistada Tallinna linnavalitsuse korraldatud konkurss endise Lasnamäe paekarjääri arendamiseks. Vt. samas: Merko esimene katse luhtus

  17. "Õhtuti süütasid nad kassi haual küünla..." : [luuletused] / Tomi Kontio ; soome keelest tõlkinud Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kontio, Tomi

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: "Õhtuti süütasid nad kassi haual küünla..." ; "Meri on plekkis, terasest neiu seisab..." ; "Lumi puude okstel, kirmetis aknal, jää..." ; Kontula kaar ; Vastavalt tahtele ; Ühel kaardil ; Esimene lumi ; Dimensioonid ; Pieta

  18. Kandidaadid : Ene Ergma versus Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Artiklis vastatakse küsimustele, kes oleksid Kadriorus Ene Ergma ja Toomas Hendrik Ilvese nõunikud, millist sõnumit kannaks nende esimene iseseisvuspäeva kõne, kuidas nad tähistaksid oma võitu presidendivalimistel, kellele nad annaksid Maarjamaa Risti, kuhu nad teeksid oma esimese välisvisiidi

  19. "Russkii bunt" smetajut s polok / Konstantin Morenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morenko, Konstantin

    2007-01-01

    Urmas E. Liivi dokumentaalfilm "Pronksöö : Vene mäss Tallinnas" DVD tuli müügile 9. juulil. Esimene tiraazh (üle 4000) müüdi läbi kuu ajaga, tellitud on teine (3000), millest osa loodetakse müüa väljaspoole Eestit

  20. Revolutsioonilisest ja igavikulisest VI Tallinna arhitektuuritriennaalil / Ave Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randviir, Ave, 1981-

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna arhitektuuritriennaali idee sünnist. 1990.a. toimus esimene triennaal nimega Põhja- ja Baltimaade Arhitektuuritriennaal. Niguliste kirikus toimunud VI Tallinna arhitektuuritriennaalist. Korraldajaks Irina Raud. Tunnuslauseks "Feeling Architecture". Triennaali avanud ja lõpetanud Peter Davey ja teiste esinejate ettekannetest. Eestlastest esinesid Juhan Maiste ja Vilen Künnapu

  1. Kahe aastaga suurte sekka / Mark Buckton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Buckton, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Kaido Höövelson (maadlejanimega Baruto) on esimene eestlane, kes on jälje jätnud Jaapani iidses võitluskunstis sumos. Artikli autor on Suurbritannia Sumoühingu persident ja ajakirja Sumo Fan Magazine peatoimetaja

  2. Klientide ees põlvitamise kunst / Sam Swaminathan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Swaminathan, Sam

    2003-01-01

    Autor selgitab erinevate ettevõtete kogemuste varal kliendikeskse teeninduse põhimõtteid ning rõhutab, et kõikide klientidega tuleb käituda erinevalt. Kokkuvõte autori ettekandest turunduskonverentsil "Jalad maas" Pärnus 22.-23. mail 2003. Vt. samas: Kuidas kliendikesksuse teel esimene samm teha?

  3. Arnold mängib Spielbergi filmis / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo

    2001-01-01

    T. Vahter:" Arnold Rüütli toetajad on lubanud vändata presidendist propagandafilmi, mis näitab meest õiges valguses. Mööda Tallinna jalutades jääb mulje, et see film on juba valmis. Siin ja seal ripuvad üleval Steven Spielbergi Tehisintellekti reklaamplakatid. Lühend A I on ju Arnold Esimene"

  4. Tähtis kokkuvõtteid teha : EPA - 35 / Minna Klementi, Arnold Rüütel, Nikolai Kozlov ... [jt.] ; [intervjueerinud] Tiina Siimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1986-01-01

    Küsimustele vastavad EPA endised rektorid Minna Klementi ja Arnold Rüütel, rektor Nikolai Kozlov, ATK esimees Heino Veldi, ATK esimehe esimene asetäitja, ENSV minister Vello Lind, ATK esimehe asetäitja Jüri Kulbin, ATK esimehe asetäitja, EPA põllumajandusloomade aretuse kateedri professori kt. Olev Saveli

  5. Tougher times for the ruling center-right / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Viimaste sisepoliitiliste muutuste tagajärjel on Leedus praegu võimul vähemusvalitsus. Kui parlament avaldab umbusaldust Linas Karaliusele ja Aleksandr Sacharukile, kellest esimene puudus istungitelt ja teine hääletas parlamendis tema eest, võib koalitsioon saada parlamendis kaks lisakohta. Endise Leedu suursaadiku Gruusias arvamus

  6. Elluäratatud kauged ajad lasteraamatutes / Krista Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumberg, Krista, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Hainsalu Lemmiko, vanema poeg : üks lugu muinasaja lõpult / Lehte Hainsalu ; [pildid joonistanud ja kujundanud Valdek Alber]. [Tallinn] : Maalehe Raamat, 2005 ; Timmas, Eduard H. Samsu-Sin. Esimene osa, Tema noorus ja seiklused Babylonis : [romaan] / [rootsi keelest tõlkinud Allar Sooneste. Tallinn : Canopus, 2005

  7. Euroopa tellisepreemia 2006 / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Viinis toimunud Euroopa tellisarhitektuuri auhindade Brick'06 kätteandmisel märgiti ära Tartu Jaani kiriku taastamine (arhitekt Udo Tiirmaa, kunstiajaloolane Kaur Alttoa). Esimene koht: Ungari Pecsi linna Barbakani väljaku elu- ja ärikompleks (arhitektid Ferenc Csagoly, Ferenc Keller). Teine koht: kiriku rekonstruktsioon raamatukoguks Madridis (arhitekt Jose Ignacio Rodriguez)

  8. Mentor riietab hinge lahti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Küsimusele, mida ootavad mentorid neilt, kellele nad toeks astuvad, vastavad Nelli Sudnitsõna, Jaan Allem, Anti Orav, Erkki Susi, Margus Rink, Aavo Kokk, Janeck Uibo. Lisa: Fontese mentoriprogramm - esimene omalaadne Eestis. Kommenteerivad Tiiu Allikvee ja Piret Jamnes. Vt samas: Mida arvavad asjast menteed? Kommenteerivad Kaidi Kuusmaa ja Gristel Tali

  9. Kak snimali "Detei Arbata" / Anton Pavlov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pavlov, Anton

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa Esimene Kanal näitas eelmise aasta lõpul uut seriaali Anatoli Rõbakovi romaanide "Arbati lapsed", "Hirm" ja "Põrm ja tuhk" alusel : režissöör Andrei Eshpai. A. Rõbakovi raamatutest, filmi saamisloost ja võtetest

  10. Semiootilisest ekspertiisist / Anti Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randviir, Anti, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli semiootikaosakonna vanemteadur käsitleb seoses K-kohukese ja "Kommarid ahju!" ekspertiisiga kahte aspekti: esimene puudutab semiootiku kui ametimehe ülesandeid, teine moment on semiootiku ja tavakodaniku suhted. "Kommarid ahju!" teksti analüüsist

  11. Keskmaa kui Euroopa Liit / Juhan Habicht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habicht, Juhan, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Tänasest linastub Tallinnas ja Tartus esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. J.R.R. Tolkieni raamatutest

  12. Tolkieni sõna jõud / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Tänasest linastub Tallinnas ja Tartus esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. J.R.R. Tolkienist ja tema raamatutest

  13. "Sõrmused" noolivad koort / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Tänasest linastub eesti kinodes esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. Oletusi filmi edust järgmisel Oscarite jagamisel

  14. "Sõrmuste isand" läheb täissaalidele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Nelja koopiaga tuli Eestis ekraanile mängufilm "Sõrmuste isand : Kuninga tagasitulek" ("The Lord of the Rings : The Return of the King") : režissöör Peter Jackson : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2003. Esimene nädalavahetus tõi filmi levitaja MPDE andmeil kinno 11 534 vaatajat

  15. Titaanide võitlus : "Sõrmuste isand" vs. "Tähesõjad" / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. Arvustus on üles ehitatud filmi võrdlusele George Lucase epopöaga "Tähesõjad" ("Star Wars")

  16. Tolkieni maailm elustus kinos / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    Londonis esilinastus esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001

  17. "Sõrmuste isand" tegi "Potterile" ära

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    11. jaanuarist eesti kinodes linastuv esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" on kogunud 9237 vaatajat

  18. Mis on "Sõrmuste isanda" edu saladus?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Toimetuse küsimusele vastavad Ilmar Raag ja Peep Pedmanson. Küsimuse all on Peter Jacksoni esimene film J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001

  19. "Sõrmuste isand" tegi avalöögi / Neeme Korv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korv, Neeme, 1974-

    2001-01-01

    Londonis esilinastus esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. MPDE linastab filmi Eestis alates 11. jaanuarist

  20. Kõigi aegade suurim lugu kinoekraanil / Lauri Saaber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaber, Lauri

    2002-01-01

    Režissöör Peter Jackson ja esimene tema käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001

  1. Sõrmuse sõda ketshupimaialt zombimeistrilt / Margus Haav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haav, Margus

    2002-01-01

    Režissöör Peter Jackson ja esimene tema käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001

  2. Sõrmuse uus retk / Ivar Laus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laus, Ivar

    2002-01-01

    Peter Jacksoni esimene film J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. Erinev elamus DVD vaatamisest kinoekraanil nähtuga võrreldes

  3. Müüt või muinaslugu? / Arvo Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Arvo, 1943-2007

    2002-01-01

    11. jaanuarist linastub eesti kinodes esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. J.R.R. Tolkieni loodud maailma populaarsuse fenomenist

  4. "Sõrmuste isand" välja müüdud / Pille Rõivas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõivas, Pille

    2004-01-01

    Nelja koopiaga tuli Eestis ekraanile mängufilm "Sõrmuste isand : Kuninga tagasitulek" ("The Lord of the Rings : The Return of the King") : režissöör Peter Jackson : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2003. Esimene nädalavahetus tõi filmi levitaja MPDE andmeil kinno ligi 12 000 vaatajat

  5. Berliinis räägiti NordStreami venimisest / Raavo Raadik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raadik, Raavo

    2008-01-01

    Financial Times Deutschland (FTD) ajakirjanikud vahendasid Vene gaasikontserni Gazprom juhatuse liikme Valeri Jassevi kinnitusi, et gaasijuhtme esimene osa peaks valmima 2011. aastal ja 2012. aastal peaks algama esimesed gaasitarned. Seni oli NordStream lähtunud varasematest tähtaegadest

  6. Skype'i eestlastest omanikel lebab pangakontol 725 miljonit krooni / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Endale kuuluvad Skype'i aktsiad müünud neli eestlast on viimasel ajal asutanud mitmeid firmasid, mille tegevusala on investeeringute haldamine ja arendamine. Esimene suurim ühine investeering on 25 miljonit krooni, mis läheb investeerimispanga Cresco juhi Olev Schultsi firmasse Clifton. Tabel: Ambient Sound Investments OÜ. Lisa: Clifton ja pooljuhtlülitid

  7. Europarlament hakkas jagama filmipreemiaid / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Europarlamendi esimene filmipreemia Lux, mille materiaalseks ekvivalendiks on Paabeli torni kujutav kujuke ning filmi subtitreerimine 23 Euroopa keelde (lisaks üks koopia kurtidele), läks Saksa-Türgi filmile "Teisel pool" ("Auf der anderen Seite"). Filmi režissöör on Fatih Akin, preemia võttis vastu Hanna Schygulla

  8. Uskumatu, kuid tõsi! Londoni allmaaraudtee / Aili Pedusaar, Heino Pedusaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pedusaar, Aili

    1999-01-01

    Londoni allmaaraudtee rajamisest. Seaduslik teostamisluba anti 1854. asutatud Metropolitan Company projektile. Pidulik proovisõit toimus 9. I 1863. Maailma esimene elektri-allmaaraudtee läks käiku 4. X 1890. B. Karger-Deckeri raamatu "Wunderwerke von Menchenhand"(Leipzig, 1963) aineil

  9. Tallinna raearhiivi kasutamisest 16. sajandil / Juhan Kreem

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreem, Juhan

    2008-01-01

    Esimene kogu arhiivi paiknemist ja olukorda iseloomustav tekst pärineb aastast 1840 Fr. G. von Bungelt. Käesoleva artikli autor vaatleb Tallinna raearhiivi kroonikakirjutajate seisukohast. Tallinna 16. sajandi olulised kroonikud olid Johan Gellinckhusen ja Balthasar Russow, kes mõlemad rõhutasid linna konfrontatsiooni aadelkonnaga. Vastavasisulise dokumentatsiooni kasutamisest kroonikute poolt nende tegutsemisajale eelnenud perioodist. Linna privileegide kajastamisest Russowi kroonikas

  10. Uudiseid maailmast / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2012-01-01

    Lühisõnumid: Jazzisuvi Euroopas. Esimene rahvusvaheline jazzipäev. Jazzmuusikud võitlevad oma õiguste eest. Toots Thielemans 90. Uus free jazz'ile keskenduv plaadifirma Suurbritannias. Red Hot Chili Peppers sai Rock and Roll Hall of Fame'i liikmeks. Mulatu Astatkest sai Berklee audoktor. Kanada muusikatööstus jagas auhindu

  11. Lithuania's first visa from 1990 on exhibit in the Vilnius airport / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    The Economisti ajakirjanik Edward Lucas, kellele väljastati esimene Leedu Vabariigi viisa numbriga 0001, andis selle viisaga passi Leedu välisministeeriumi muuseumile üle. 2011. aasta jooksul eksponeeritakse seda Vilniuse lennujaamas. Edward Lucase arvamusi Leedu poliitikast

  12. Mänguasjade valmistamisest ja turustamisest Tallinnas 1930. aastatel / Merike Metsna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Metsna, Merike

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas asunud mänguasjakaupluste loetelu. Esimene mänguasjade tööstuseks nimetatud ettevõte registreeriti Tallinnas 1925. aastal, omanikuks N. Heidelberg. 1933. aastal alustas tegevust Nõmme-Läänela Nukutööstus, omanikuks Cecelia Tehve. Väga tunnustatud nukumeistriks 1930. aastate Tallinnas oli Adolf Turba.

  13. Meie ei ole ajaloota rahvas... : lisandusi M. Ojamaa, A. ja T. Varmase Eesti ajaloo saamisloole / Sirje Annist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annist, Sirje

    2004-01-01

    Esimene eesti autorite koostatud Eesti ajaloo üldkäsitlus : M. Ojamaa, A. ja T. Varmas Viron historia, Porvoo, 1944. Tõlge eesti keelde 1946. aastal Stockholmis. Autoriteks pseudonüümide all kirjutanud kultuuritegelased : M. Ojamaa - Harri Moora, A. Varmas - August Annist, T. Varmas - Linda Annist

  14. Režissöör George Lucase loodud "Tähesõjad" elasid üle külma sõja / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilmide triloogia "Tähesõjad" ("Star Wars") esimene film esilinastus 30 aastat tagasi. Filmi tähendustest läbi aja, nõukogude tsensuurist, mis ei lubanud filmi NSV Liitu. Lisa : "Fakte "Tähesõdadest"

  15. Tallinna Tehnikaülikoolis avati mobiilrakenduste arenduskeskus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Loodud mobiilrakenduste arenduskeskus MAI (Mobile Applications Initiative) on esimene omalaadne õppe- ja arendustöö jaoks loodud mobiilside testkeskkond Eestis. Teaduskeskus aitab hoogustada erialast teadustööd ja koolitust ning pakub mobiilrakenduste testimise võimalust ka ettevõtjatele

  16. Tuuleenergia prognoosi täpsuse uuring / Teolan Tomson, Maire Hansen, Raimo Pirksaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomson, Teolan, 1932-

    2004-01-01

    Esimene ekspluatatsioonikogemus näitas, et kohalikes oludes töötavad tuulikud (Virtsus) suhteliselt hästi. Väikesevõimsuselised tuulepargid ei mõjuta Eesti elektrivõrgu tööd, pigem vastupidi. Graafikud. Skeemid. Tabelid. Diagrammid

  17. Veebifilmide festivali võitja "Silver ja Viki" / Liivi Shein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Šein, Liivi

    2008-01-01

    31. jaanuaril lõppes koostöös PÖFFi, Kinobussi ja Overall Eestiga korraldatud esimene veebifilmide festival "Lae üles!" lõpuüritusega Tallinna Kinomajas. Parimaks veebifilmiks kuulutas žürii Irina Tammise disainistuudio (veel Kadri Kuusk ja Marko Karja) animafilmi "Silver ja Viki". Lisatud nimekiri "Veebifilmifestivali kümme paremat"

  18. Tšetšeenia hunt Dzhohhar / Valter Toots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toots, Valter

    2007-01-01

    Tšetšeenia presidendist Dzhohhar Dudajevist (1944-1996). Ilmunud on ka raamat : Dudajeva, Alla. Miljoni esimene : raamat Dzhohhar Dudajevist. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2004. Järgneb: 16. mai ; 23. mai ; 30. mai ; 06. juuni ; 13. juuni ; 20. juuni ; 27. juuni ; 4. juuli ; 11. juuli ; 18. juuli ; 25. juuli ; 1. aug. ; 6. aug.

  19. "Siin me oleme!" = "Here we are!" / Hannes Praks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Praks, Hannes, 1973-

    2013-01-01

    Maarjamäe lossis avatud näituse "Siin me oleme! Eesti filmi esimene sajand" kujundusest. Autorid: Hannes Praks, Toomas Pääsuke, Helen Sarapuu. Graafiline disain: Stella Skulatšjova, Kerli Virk. Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemia žürii liikme Tea Tammelaane arvamus

  20. Maailmas edukas ja koduselt armas Eesti aastal 2018 / Ott Pärna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärna, Ott, 1976-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti seisab küsimuste ees, kuhu ja kuidas edasi. Arengufond on algatanud diskussiooni teemal "Eesti kasvuvisioon 2018", selleks aastaks peavad olema tehtud olulised muutused. Arengufoorumil "Maailmas edukas ja koduselt armas Eesti" tehakse esimene avalik ajurünnak visiooni poole

  1. Anu Lamp, Tõnu Oja ja Jan Uuspõld uues pilasaates / Heili Sibrits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sibrits, Heili, 1977-

    2001-01-01

    ETV eetrisse jõuab aasta viimase päeva õhtul esimene osa uuest poliitilise pila nukushõust "Pehmed ja karvased" : stsenaristid Toomas Kall ja Andrus Kivirähk : idee autor, režissöör ja kunstnik Hardi Volmer : produtsent, idee autor Raivo Suviste

  2. Villu Kangur : uus naljasari on elust enesest / Merike Kungla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kungla, Merike

    2005-01-01

    Vana-aasta õhtul läheb Eesti Televisioonis eetrisse esimene osa kodumaisest komöödiasarjast "Hajameelselt abielus". Stsenaristid on Gert Kiiler ja Villu Kangur. Lavastavad Üllar Saaremäe ja Tõnu Oja. Sarja tootjafirma on Umberto Productions. Stsenarist Villu Kangur sarjast

  3. Aastavahetus toob ekraanile uue meelelahutussarja / Rannar Raba

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raba, Rannar, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Vana-aasta õhtul läheb Eesti Televisioonis eetrisse esimene osa kodumaisest komöödiasarjast "Hajameelselt abielus". Stsenaristid on Gert Kiiler ja Villu Kangur. Lavastavad Üllar Saaremäe ja Tõnu Oja. Sarja tootjafirma on Umberto Productions

  4. Zvuki muzõki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Metallica filmib uut klippi; O. Osbourne tühistas Euroopa turnee, et minna närviravile; vene rockiklassika seerias on esimene "Alissa" plaat; J. Lopezil ilmub uus maksisingel; The Who esitleb oma rock-ooperit "Tommy"; Madonnal ilmumas uued singlid

  5. Inetu pardipoja juubel / Tõnu Ojala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojala, Tõnu, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Oktoober tehnika ajaloos: 7. oktoobril 1948 tegi oma debüüdi Pariisi autonäitusel Citroën 2CV. 15. oktoobril 2003. aastal saatis Hiina kosmosesse sõjaväelenduri Yang Liwei. 11. oktoobril 1968. a startis esimene mehitatud Apollo-missioon. 1. oktoobril 1908. aastal jõudis Ameerikas turule Ford-T

  6. Premjera na Pervom "Master i Margarita" / Irina Danilova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Danilova, Irina

    2005-01-01

    Moskva telekanalil Rossija näidatakse uut 10-osalist telefilmi "Meister ja Margarita" Mihhail Bulgakovi romaani järgi, režissöör Vladimir Bortko. Vaatajate hinnanguid. Esimene Balti Kanal alustab selle näitamist jaanuaris. Järgneb : MK Ekran, 4. 01.2006, lk. 2-3 : ill

  7. Mida loed sina? / Indrek Hargla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hargla, Indrek, pseud., 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Pérez-Reverte, Arturo. Dumas̀ klubi ehk Richelieu vari. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Belials, Veiko. Jumalate vandenõu. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Põder, Rein. Eike. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2006 ; Reeve, Philip. Kuldseeklid. Tallinn : Tiritamm, 2006 ; Martin, George R. R. Troonide mäng. Esimene raamat / tlk. Mario Kivistik. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006. (Jää ja tule laul) (F-sari)

  8. Filmiauhinnad ja tänavamuusikute auhinnad jagatud / Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Karol, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu 21. dokumentaal- ja antropoloogiafilmide festivali auhindadest. Tänavamuusikute võistumängimise võitsid Pillipiigad Tahkurannast, festivali peaauhinna sai poolarežissöör Wojciech Kasperski filmiga "Seemned", Eesti Rahva Auhinna sai Iisraeli režissöör Yoram Honig filmiga "Esimene koolitund rahus". Lisatud auhinnatud filmide nimekiri

  9. Rein Pakk: olen Jumala trumm, aga sina oled ka / Rein Pakk ; intervjueerinud Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pakk, Rein, 1968-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu Rein Pakuga, kellel meeldib kirjutada artikleid ja näidendeid, laval ja filmis mängida, teha sisekujunduslahendusi ja karikatuure. 27. augustil esietendus Tallinna Draamateatris tema esimene lavastajatöö, teatri Vanemuine lavastus "Kaos". Andmeid Rein Paku elu ja loomingu kohta

  10. Archaeological Pilot Study of the Gallows Hill in Tartu / Martin Malve, Anu Kivirüüt, Raido Roog ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Esimene teade Tartu võllamäest pärineb 1558. aastast. Võllas oli kasutusel 18. sajandi keskpaigani, hiljem asus samas paigas tuuleveski. Eeluuringute käigus ei paljandunud ühtegi konstruktsiooni ega leidu, mis kindlalt viitaks kesk- ja varauusaegsele hukkamispaigale

  11. Eestlased ametis Iirimaal / Silva Männik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männik, Silva, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Eestist Iirimaale tööle siirdunud inimeste arv kasvab. Kaks Iirimaal töötavat eestlast vahendavad oma kogemusi. Vt. samas: Esimene ešelon eestlasi lendab Kerry Foodsi septembri lõpus; Elu Iirimaal on eestlasele kallis

  12. Animafilminduse algusotsast 1 / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2007-01-01

    Maailma esimestest animafilmidest : Albert Smith'i "The Humpty Dumty Circus" (USA, 1898), esimene joonisfilm "Naljakate nägude humoorikad ilmed" (Humorous Phases of Funny Faces") - looja Stuart Blackton (USA, 1906). Esimese joonisseriaali kangelase Fantosche'i lõi Prantsusmaal 1909.a. Emile Cohl

  13. Young British Art / Hanno Soans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soans, Hanno, 1974-

    2001-01-01

    1990ndate kunsti muutumisest. Inglise kunstniku Peter Daviese maalist "Kuum esimene sada" (1996), Gavin Turki vahakujuna valminud autoportreest "Pop". "Young British Art'i" uuskunstist ja Jasper Zoova installatsioonist "F1". Eri analüüsivõimalusi pakkuvatest töödest (Marko Laimre & Ene-Liis Semperi 2000. a. novembri ühisnäituse osa töid).

  14. Voldemar Panso preemia said kaksikvennad Priit ja Märt Pius / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2010-01-01

    Lavakunstikooli 25. lennu üliõpilased Priit ja Märt Pius pälvisid Voldemar Panso nimelise preemia. Terve kursuse esimene bakalaureuselavastus "Jumala Narride Vennaskond" esietendub 4. detsembril Tallinna Linnateatri Põrgulaval. Lavastas kursuse juhendaja Elmo Nüganen

  15. Kas on oodata ka jätku? / Ülo Tedre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tedre, Ülo, 1928-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Jakob Hurda perekonna kirjavahetus aastail 1866-1917. Esimene köide, 1866-1896 / [koostanud Henno Lender]. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2007 ; Jakob Hurda perekonna kirjavahetus aastail 1866-1917. Teine köide, 1897-1917 / [koostanud Henno Lender]. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2007 ; Reiman, Villem. Villem Reimani ja Jakob Hurda kirjavahetus aastatel 1884–1904 / [koostanud Tarmo Piir]. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2010

  16. Juhendamine juhtimise asemel / Vahur Murutar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murutar, Vahur, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Patrick J. McKenna, David H. Maister. Esimene võrdsete seas. Fontes, Pärnu Konverentsid 2003. Autor selgitab McKenna ja Maisteri raamatule tuginedes, mida eeldab maailmas üha enam populaarsust koguv juhi roll meeskonna treenerina

  17. Ooperipäevad Saaremaal (II) / Tiiu Levald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levald, Tiiu, 1940-

    2008-01-01

    21.-27. VII Saaremaa ooperipäevade raames toimunud üritustest - Carmen Tabori lavastatud Aino Kallase ja Tauno Pylkkäneni "Patseba Saaremaal" (esimene osa draama- ja teine ooperilavastus), Gershwini ooperist "Porgy ja Bess" ning 25. VII toimunud galakontserdist

  18. Valime uue juhatuse ... Kas teha siis juba SE ka ära? / Hannes Vallikivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vallikivi, Hannes, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Suurfirmade Euroopa äriühinguks ümberkujundamise võitudest ja kaotustest. Lisatud: Eestis asutati esimene Euroopa äriühing ; millised on Euroopa äriühingu eelised? ; mis on Euroopa äriühing ehk Societas Europea? ; neli võimalust Euroopa äriühingu loomiseks ; olulised regulatsioonid

  19. Obnovim sostav pravlenija ... mozhet, utshredit zaodno i EKO? / Hannes Vallikivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Валликиви, Ханнес, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Suurfirmade Euroopa äriühinguks ümberkujundamise võitudest ja kaotustest. Lisatud: Eestis asutati esimene Euroopa äriühing ; millised on Euroopa äriühingu eelised? ; mis on Euroopa äriühing ehk Societas Europea? ; neli võimalust Euroopa äriühingu loomiseks ; olulised regulatsioonid

  20. Eksperdid otsustavad eesti esimese filmi üle / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Johannes Pääsukese (1892-1918) "Utotshkini lendamised Tartu kohal 14. ja 15. aprillil 1912" on seni teadaolevalt esimene eestlase filmitud kroonikapala. Film restaureeriti Eesti Filmiarhiivi tellimusel Soomes Digital Film Finland OY laboris. Homme näidatakse seda Tartus eesti filmikunsti juubelipidustustel

  1. Näidendivõistlusel selgus Eesti viis parimat mereäärset lugu / Teele Tammeorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammeorg, Teele

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Teatri Agentuur ja SA Tallinn 2011 kuulutasid näidendikonkursi "Mereäärsed lood" võitjateks Martin Alguse "Kontakti", Christian Auni ja Mariann Tihase "Kastis!", Urmas Lennuki "Minu tänav", Katrin Maimiku "Metspardi" ja Mario Pulveri "Fluidumi". "Mereäärsed lood" on rahvusvahelise näidendivõistluse "New Baltic Drama 2011" esimene voor

  2. Liivatonnidest sündis Tamula ääres skulptuuripark / Kaile Kabun

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kabun, Kaile

    2007-01-01

    Esimene liivakujude sümpoosion "Võru liivaliin 2007". Osavõtjaid viielt maalt: Kate Robinson Shotimaalt, Jan Fedorcak Tšehhist, Ruslan Korovkov Bulgaariast, Kazys Venclovas ja Juste Venclovaite Leedust ja Jaan Mass Eestist. Valminud töödest. Kommenteerib sümpoosioni juht Indrek Leht

  3. Saksa kolonistid Baltikumis 18.-20. sajandil / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Esimene püsivam saksa talupoegade asundus tekkis Liivimaal Võnnu (Cesise) maakonnas 18. sajandi keskel. Suurem saksa põllutööliste laine jõudis Liivimaale 1860. aastate algul. Esimese maailmasõja eelsetel aastatel tõid mõisnikud Venemaa saksa kolooniatest Eestisse ligikaudu 400 saksa peret

  4. Näitleja Anti Reinthal : "Kui sa just surnud ei ole, siis mängid lõpuni!" / Katrin Rohtla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rohtla, Katrin, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Viinistu kunstimuuseumis etenduva Eesti Draamateatri suvelavastuse "Sürrealistid" 30. juuni etenduses vigastas näitleja raskelt oma reielihast kuid mängis lõpuni. Lisaks Mait Malmsteni kommentaar "Malmsten : "Esimene vaatus mängiti fantaasia abil" ja vaataja arvamus : "Publiku pettis ära"

  5. Parimaks veebifilmiks valiti animafilm / Verni Leivak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leivak, Verni, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    31. jaanuaril lõppes koostöös PÖFFi, Kinobussi ja Overall Eestiga korraldatud esimene veebifilmide festival "Lae üles!" lõpuüritusega Tallinna Kinomajas. Parimaks veebifilmiks kuulutas žürii Irina Tammise animafilmi "Silver ja Viki"

  6. Täiskasvanud, kes mängivad plastiliiniga / Helen Teesalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teesalu, Helen

    2008-01-01

    31. jaanuaril lõppes koostöös PÖFFi, Kinobussi ja Overall Eestiga korraldatud esimene veebifilmide festival "Lae üles!" Parimaks veebifilmiks kuulutas žürii Irina Tammise disainistuudio (veel Kadri Kuusk ja Marko Karja) animafilmi "Silver ja Viki". Tegijad räägivad filmi valmimisest. Lisatud teave veebifilmifestivali tulemuste kohta

  7. Maksuamet paljastas petturi postiindeksi abiga / Sirje Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Sirje, 1948-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 30. jaan. lk. 3. Esimene riigikohtusse jõudnud Diveci materjalide põhjal algatatud kohtuasi lõppes maksuameti võiduga ja kohustab firmat IP Hulgi tasuma riigile ligi 600 000 krooni tulumaksu

  8. Dissidentluse biennaal '77 : dissidentlus / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Kuraator Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 14. IX-11. XI avatud näitusest "Dissidentluse biennaal '77", mis on esimene neljaosalisest sarjast "Arhiivid tõlkes". Näitus lähtub 1977. a. Veneetsias toimunud Ida-Euroopa kultuurilisele dissidentlusele pühendatud festivalist. Biennaali kunstinäitusel "Uus kunst Nõukogude Liidust. Mitteametlik vaatenurk" eksponeeriti ka nelja Ülo Soosteri maali

  9. Type 3 Fimbriae Encoded on Plasmids Are Expressed from a Unique Promoter without Affecting Host Motility, Facilitating an Exceptional Phenotype That Enhances Conjugal Plasmid Transfer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jonas Stenlokke; Riber, Leise; Kot, Witold

    2016-01-01

    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT), the transmission of genetic material to a recipient that is not the progeny of the donor, is fundamental in bacterial evolution. HGT is often mediated by mobile genetic elements such as conjugative plasmids, which may be in conflict with the chromosomal elements...... of the genome because they are independent replicons that may petition their own evolutionary strategy. Here we study differences between type 3 fimbriae encoded on wild type plasmids and in chromosomes. Using known and newly characterized plasmids we show that the expression of type 3 fimbriae encoded...... on plasmids is systematically different, as MrkH, a c-di-GMP dependent transcriptional activator is not needed for strong expression of the fimbriae. MrkH is required for expression of type 3 fimbriae of the Klebsiella pneumoniae chromosome, wherefrom the fimbriae operon (mrkABCDF) of plasmids is believed...

  10. Long-term studies of Markarian 421 from 2007 to 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeder, Sonja; Overkemping, Ann-Kristin [TU Dortmund, Dortmund (Germany); Manganaro, Marina [IAC La Laguna, Teneriffa (Spain); Tescaro, Diego [INFN, Padova (Italy); Collaboration: MAGIC-Collaboration

    2016-07-01

    The MAGIC experiment consists of two Imaging Air shower Cherenkov Telescopes to detect and study gamma-rays from galactic and extragalactic sources. Blazars are a special type of extragalactic sources hosting an Active Galactic Nucleus (AGN) with a jet directed towards earth. The AGN Mrk 421 is one of the strongest and brightest known blazars suitable for very high-energy (VHE) observations. This talk gives an overview over long-term variability and correlation studies of the blazar Mrk 421. For this study a VHE dataset collected by MAGIC-I covering the extensive timespan from February 2007 to June 2009 was examined together with data of different wavelengths from other telescopes. These kind of studies could allow for an increase of knowledge about the possible emission processes inside Mrk 421.

  11. Hexagon OPE resummation and multi-Regge kinematics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drummond, J.M. [School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Southampton,Highfield, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Theory Division, Physics Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); LAPTh, CNRS, Université de Savoie,9 Chemin de Bellevue, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux Cedex (France); Papathanasiou, G. [LAPTh, CNRS, Université de Savoie,9 Chemin de Bellevue, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux Cedex (France)

    2016-02-29

    We analyse the OPE contribution of gluon bound states in the double scaling limit of the hexagonal Wilson loop in planar N=4 super Yang-Mills theory. We provide a systematic procedure for perturbatively resumming the contributions from single-particle bound states of gluons and expressing the result order by order in terms of two-variable polylogarithms. We also analyse certain contributions from two-particle gluon bound states and find that, after analytic continuation to the 2→4 Mandelstam region and passing to multi-Regge kinematics (MRK), only the single-particle gluon bound states contribute. From this double-scaled version of MRK we are able to reconstruct the full hexagon remainder function in MRK up to five loops by invoking single-valuedness of the results.

  12. The Phoenix galaxy as seen by NuSTAR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Masini, A.; Comastri, A.; Puccetti, S.

    2017-01-01

    Aims. We study the long-term variability of the well-known Seyfert 2 galaxy Mrk 1210 (also known as UGC 4203, or the Phoenix galaxy). Methods. The source was observed by many X-ray facilities in the last 20 yr. Here we present a NuSTAR observation and put the results in the context of previously ...

  13. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... For H2O megamaser galaxy Mrk 348, Chandra and XMM–Newton data are analysed. The nuclear fitting results of XMM–Newton data suggest the possible existence of a heavily obscured AGN. But the nuclear spectrum extracted from Chandra cannot be well-fitted by the best fitting model for XMM–Newton.

  14. Enhanced H2O formation through dust grain chemistry in X-ray exposed environments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijerink, R.; Cazaux, S.; Spaans, M.

    Context. The ultraluminous infrared galaxy Mrk 231, which shows signs of both black hole accretion and star formation, exhibits very strong water rotational lines between lambda = 200-670 mu m, comparable to the strength of the CO rotational lines. High-redshift quasars also show similar CO and H2O

  15. SPECTRAL ENERGY DISTRIBUTION OF MARKARIAN 501: QUIESCENT STATE VERSUS EXTREME OUTBURST

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acciari, V. A.; Benbow, W.; Arlen, T.; Aune, T.; Beilicke, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Dickherber, R.; Boettcher, M.; Boltuch, D.; Bradbury, S. M.; Cannon, A.; Cesarini, A.; Ciupik, L.; Cui, W.; Finley, J. P.; Duke, C.; Errando, M.; Falcone, A.; Finnegan, G.

    2011-01-01

    The very high energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) blazar Markarian 501 (Mrk 501) has a well-studied history of extreme spectral variability and is an excellent laboratory for studying the physical processes within the jets of active galactic nuclei. However, there are few detailed multiwavelength studies of Mrk 501 during its quiescent state, due to its low luminosity. A short-term multiwavelength study of Mrk 501 was coordinated in 2009 March, focusing around a multi-day observation with the Suzaku X-ray satellite and including γ-ray data from VERITAS, MAGIC, and the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope with the goal of providing a well-sampled multiwavelength baseline measurement of Mrk 501 in the quiescent state. The results of these quiescent-state observations are compared to the historically extreme outburst of 1997 April 16, with the goal of examining variability of the spectral energy distribution (SED) between the two states. The derived broadband SED shows the characteristic double-peaked profile. We find that the X-ray peak shifts by over two orders of magnitude in photon energy between the two flux states while the VHE peak varies little. The limited shift in the VHE peak can be explained by the transition to the Klein-Nishina (KN) regime. Synchrotron self-Compton models are matched to the data and the implied KN effects are explored.

  16. X-ray/ultraviolet observing campaign of the Markarian 279 active galactic nucleus outflow: a close look at the absorbing/emitting gas with Chandra-LETGS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Costantini, E.; Kaastra, J.S.; Arav, N.; Kriss, G.A.; Steenbrugge, K.C.; Gabel, J.R.; Verbunt, F.W.M.; Behar, E.; Gaskell, C. Martin; Korista, K.T.; Proga, D.; Kim Quijano, J.; Scott, J.E.; Klimek, E.S.; Hedrick, C.H.

    2007-01-01

    We present a Chandra-LETGS observation of the Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 279. This observation was simultaneous with HST-STIS and FUSE observations, in the context of a multiwavelength study of this source. The data also allow for the presence of intermediate ionization components. The distribution of the

  17. Spectral Energy Distribution of Markarian 501: Quiescent State Versus Extreme Outburst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acciari, V. A.; Arlen, T.; Aune, T.; Beilicke, M.; Benbow, W.; Böttcher, M.; Boltuch, D.; Bradbury, S. M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Cannon, A.; Cesarini, A.; Ciupik, L.; Cui, W.; Dickherber, R.; Duke, C.; Errando, M.; Falcone, A.; Finley, J. P.; Finnegan, G.; Fortson, L.; Furniss, A.; Galante, N.; Gall, D.; Godambe, S.; Grube, J.; Guenette, R.; Gyuk, G.; Hanna, D.; Holder, J.; Huang, D.; Hui, C. M.; Humensky, T. B.; Imran, A.; Kaaret, P.; Karlsson, N.; Kertzman, M.; Kieda, D.; Konopelko, A.; Krawczynski, H.; Krennrich, F.; Madhavan, A. S.; Maier, G.; McArthur, S.; McCann, A.; Moriarty, P.; Ong, R. A.; Otte, A. N.; Pandel, D.; Perkins, J. S.; Pichel, A.; Pohl, M.; Quinn, J.; Ragan, K.; Reyes, L. C.; Reynolds, P. T.; Roache, E.; Rose, H. J.; Schroedter, M.; Sembroski, G. H.; Steele, D.; Swordy, S. P.; Theiling, M.; Thibadeau, S.; Varlotta, A.; Vassiliev, V. V.; Vincent, S.; Wakely, S. P.; Ward, J. E.; Weekes, T. C.; Weinstein, A.; Weisgarber, T.; Williams, D. A.; Wood, M.; Zitzer, B.; VERITAS Collaboration; Aleksić, J.; Antonelli, L. A.; Antoranz, P.; Backes, M.; Barrio, J. A.; Bastieri, D.; Becerra González, J.; Bednarek, W.; Berdyugin, A.; Berger, K.; Bernardini, E.; Biland, A.; Blanch, O.; Bock, R. K.; Boller, A.; Bonnoli, G.; Bordas, P.; Borla Tridon, D.; Bosch-Ramon, V.; Bose, D.; Braun, I.; Bretz, T.; Camara, M.; Carmona, E.; Carosi, A.; Colin, P.; Colombo, E.; Contreras, J. L.; Cortina, J.; Covino, S.; Dazzi, F.; De Angelis, A.; De Cea del Pozo, E.; De Lotto, B.; De Maria, M.; De Sabata, F.; Delgado Mendez, C.; Diago Ortega, A.; Doert, M.; Domínguez, A.; Dominis Prester, D.; Dorner, D.; Doro, M.; Elsaesser, D.; Errando, M.; Ferenc, D.; Fonseca, M. V.; Font, L.; García López, R. J.; Garczarczyk, M.; Gaug, M.; Giavitto, G.; Godinović, N.; Hadasch, D.; Herrero, A.; Hildebrand, D.; Höhne-Mönch, D.; Hose, J.; Hrupec, D.; Jogler, T.; Klepser, S.; Krähenbühl, T.; Kranich, D.; Krause, J.; La Barbera, A.; Leonardo, E.; Lindfors, E.; Lombardi, S.; Longo, F.; López, M.; Lorenz, E.; Majumdar, P.; Makariev, M.; Maneva, G.; Mankuzhiyil, N.; Mannheim, K.; Maraschi, L.; Mariotti, M.; Martínez, M.; Mazin, D.; Meucci, M.; Miranda, J. M.; Mirzoyan, R.; Miyamoto, H.; Moldón, J.; Moralejo, A.; Nieto, D.; Nilsson, K.; Orito, R.; Oya, I.; Paoletti, R.; Paredes, J. M.; Partini, S.; Pasanen, M.; Pauss, F.; Pegna, R. G.; Perez-Torres, M. A.; Persic, M.; Peruzzo, L.; Pochon, J.; Prada, F.; Prada Moroni, P. G.; Prandini, E.; Puchades, N.; Puljak, I.; Reichardt, I.; Reinthal, R.; Rhode, W.; Ribó, M.; Rico, J.; Rissi, M.; Rügamer, S.; Saggion, A.; Saito, K.; Saito, T. Y.; Salvati, M.; Sánchez-Conde, M.; Satalecka, K.; Scalzotto, V.; Scapin, V.; Schultz, C.; Schweizer, T.; Shayduk, M.; Shore, S. N.; Sierpowska-Bartosik, A.; Sillanpää, A.; Sitarek, J.; Sobczynska, D.; Spanier, F.; Spiro, S.; Stamerra, A.; Steinke, B.; Storz, J.; Strah, N.; Struebig, J. C.; Suric, T.; Takalo, L.; Tavecchio, F.; Temnikov, P.; Terzić, T.; Tescaro, D.; Teshima, M.; Torres, D. F.; Vankov, H.; Wagner, R. M.; Weitzel, Q.; Zabalza, V.; Zandanel, F.; Zanin, R.; MAGIC Collaboration; Paneque, D.; Hayashida, M.

    2011-03-01

    The very high energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) blazar Markarian 501 (Mrk 501) has a well-studied history of extreme spectral variability and is an excellent laboratory for studying the physical processes within the jets of active galactic nuclei. However, there are few detailed multiwavelength studies of Mrk 501 during its quiescent state, due to its low luminosity. A short-term multiwavelength study of Mrk 501 was coordinated in 2009 March, focusing around a multi-day observation with the Suzaku X-ray satellite and including γ-ray data from VERITAS, MAGIC, and the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope with the goal of providing a well-sampled multiwavelength baseline measurement of Mrk 501 in the quiescent state. The results of these quiescent-state observations are compared to the historically extreme outburst of 1997 April 16, with the goal of examining variability of the spectral energy distribution (SED) between the two states. The derived broadband SED shows the characteristic double-peaked profile. We find that the X-ray peak shifts by over two orders of magnitude in photon energy between the two flux states while the VHE peak varies little. The limited shift in the VHE peak can be explained by the transition to the Klein-Nishina (KN) regime. Synchrotron self-Compton models are matched to the data and the implied KN effects are explored.

  18. The Ly Alpha Reference Sample. I. Survey Outline and First Results for Markarian 259

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ostlin, G.; Hayes, M.; Duval, F.; Sandberg, A.; Rivera-Thorsen, T.; Marquart, T.; Orlitová, Ivana; Adamo, A.; Melinder, J.; Guaita, L.; Atek, H.; Cannon, J.M.; Gruyters, P.; Herenz, E.Ch.; Kunth, D.; Laursen, P.; Más-Hesse, J. M.; Micheva, G.; Oti-Floranes, H.; Pardy, S.; Roth, M.; Schaerer, D.; Verhamme, A.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 797, č. 1 (2014), 11/1-11/23 ISSN 0004-637X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GP14-20666P Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : cosmology: observations * galaxies: evolution * galaxies: individual: Mrk 259 Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 5.993, year: 2014

  19. Implications of Two Well-Known Models for Instructional Designers in Distance Education: Dick-Carey versus Morrison-Ross-Kemp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbulut, Yavuz

    2007-01-01

    This paper first summarizes, and then compares and contrasts two well-known instructional design models: Dick and Carey Model (DC) and Morrison, Ross and Kemp model (MRK). The target audiences of both models are basically instructional designers. Both models have applications for different instructional design settings. They both see the…

  20. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... The Devasthal Fast Optical Telescope (DFOT) is a 1.3 meter aperture optical telescope, recently installed at Devasthal, Nainital. We present here the first results using an H filter with this telescope on a Wolf–Rayet dwarf galaxy Mrk 996. The instrumental response and the H sensitivity obtained with the ...

  1. X-Ray Intraday Variability of Five TeV Blazars with NuSTAR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pandey, Ashwani; Gupta, Alok C. [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263002 (India); Wiita, Paul J., E-mail: ashwanitapan@gmail.com, E-mail: acgupta30@gmail.com, E-mail: wiitap@tcnj.edu [Department of Physics, The College of New Jersey, 2000 Pennington Road, Ewing, NJ 08628-0718 (United States)

    2017-06-01

    We have examined 40 Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array ( NuSTAR ) light curves (LCs) of five TeV emitting high synchrotron peaked blazars: 1ES 0229+200, Mrk 421, Mrk 501, 1ES 1959+650, and PKS 2155−304. Four of the blazars showed intraday variability in the NuSTAR energy range of 3–79 keV. Using an autocorrelation function analysis we searched for intraday variability timescales in these LCs and found indications of several between 2.5 and 32.8 ks in eight LCs of Mrk 421, a timescale around 8.0 ks for one LC of Mrk 501, and timescales of 29.6 and 57.4 ks in two LCs of PKS 2155-304. The other two blazars’ LCs do not show any evidence for intraday variability timescales shorter than the lengths of those observations; however, the data were both sparser and noisier for them. We found positive correlations with zero lag between soft (3–10 keV) and hard (10–79 keV) bands for most of the LCs, indicating that their emissions originate from the same electron population. We examined spectral variability using a hardness ratio analysis and noticed a general “harder-when-brighter” behavior. The 22 LCs of Mrk 421 observed between 2012 July and 2013 April show that this source was in a quiescent state for an extended period of time and then underwent an unprecedented double-peaked outburst while monitored on a daily basis during 2013 April 10–16. We briefly discuss models capable of explaining these blazar emissions.

  2. Eesti Ekspressi singel 1. Eesti Ekspressi singel 2

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kaheksa nädala jooksul ilmub koos Eesti Ekspressiga ajalehekioskitesse üks Eesti artisti singelplaat, esimene neist on Tõnis Mägi ja Noorkuu "Pühendus" (ilmub 23. okt. lehe vahel, a-capella esituses). Koos 30. okt. Ekspressiga ilmub tänavuse Superstaari konkurssi võitja Jana Kase esimene singel, rock-lugu "Leaving You For Me" (loonud Rootsis tegutsev laulukirjutajate-produtsentide tiim Tony Malm, Per Eklund, Fredrik Björk ja Martin Kesici, produtseerinud Alar Kotkas, Ilmar Laisaar, Pearu Paulus). Kõik singlid mängitakse ette Ekspressi raadiosaates "Magneet" neljapäeviti Kuku raadios algusega kell 13.00 ning kõik artistid esinevad singli ilmumispäeva õhtul telesaates "Värske Ekspress" neljapäeviti TV3-s algusega 21.30

  3. Andres Puustusmaa esikfilm Moskva filmifestivalil / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2007-01-01

    Eestist pärit režissööril Andres Puustusmaal esilinastub 29. juunil Moskva filmifestivali raames tema esimene täispikk mängufilm, Venemaa ja Ukraina ühistöö "Armastuse punane pärl" ("Krasnõi zhemtshug ljubvi"), peaosas Oksana Fandera, operaatoriks soomlane Timo Salminen. Valmis on ka teine mängufilm "1814", mis koos eespool nimetatuga tuleb kinodesse septembris. Ka Moskva festivali kavast

  4. В защиту классика / Вероника Маанди

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Маанди, Вероника

    2009-01-01

    25.- 27. nov. toimus Moskvas Esimene Rahvusvaheline Tšehhovi 150ndale sünniaastapäevale pühendatud telefestival. Eestit esindasid Aleksandr Zukerman ja Mihhail Vladislavlev "Subboteja" sarjas 2007.a. valminud reportaažiga Jalta Tšehhovi muuseumist. Saade sai "Parima publitsistliku programmi" preemia. Samuti näidati festivalil 15 minutilist fragmenti Oleg Bessedini-Nikolai Petšatnovi dokumentaalfilmist "Minu Anton Pavlovitš Tšehhov". Festivalist

  5. 17. aprill : rahvusvaheline tuutorprojekt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    17. apr. 2001 toimus esimene rahvusvaheline workshop "International Tutoring", eesmärk : koostöö arendamine välisülikoolidega tuutoritegevuse edendamisel ning kogemuste vahetamisel. Osalesid Eesti ülikoolide üliõpilased ja 45 Vantaa-Espoo polütehnikumi üliõpilast Soomest. Eestvedajateks TPÜ üliõpilasesinduse liikmed Katriina Vasarik, Kadri Kiigema ja Sulev Senkel

  6. Need meeletud-meeletud tiirlevad plaadikettad / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    Uutest eesti plaatidest Tafenau-Sibul-Helevä-Soo-Hasa "Siin on soe", "Vinland", Vanalinna Muusikamaja Kitarristuudio "KõlaCODA", Aimla-Arder-Agan-Mälgand "Mu süda, ärka üles", Trio Romanss & Modern Fox "Jesli ljubish, naidi...", Bonzo & Tõun "Andke tagasi maailm", Marje Sink "Jõululaulud", Jaan Tätte & MArko MAtvere "Laulude õhtu "Vana kuub"", Hannah "Live", Muschraum "Naterijeka", Smilers "Esimene Eesti tuur", Ines "uus päev"

  7. Res Publica jäi järjekordselt ilma mitmest nimekast liikmest / Tuuli Koch, Kärt Anvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Oma lahkumiset Res Publicast teatasid erakonna esimene esimees Rein Taagepera, tema abikaasa Mare Taagepera, akadeemik Jaan Einasto ja 2002. aastal erakonna esimeheks kandideerinud Lauri Aaspõllu. Rein Taagepera põhjendas otsust Res Publica liikumisega paremtsentrist paremäärmusse. Lisa: Tuntud inimesi, kes seni Res Publicast lahkunud. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Jaan Einastoga: Res Publica peab tegema koostööd

  8. Uudised : Ilmub eesti kammermuusika album. RAM ja Jaan-Eik Tulve. TÜ naiskoor 55 / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2000-01-01

    ER poolt välja antud eesti kammermuusika albumist "Significatio", mille esitlus toimub 17. märtsil Assauwe tornis. 11. märtsil Pärnus ja 15. märtsil Viljandis toimunud RAMi kontsertidest, juhatas J.-E. Tulve. 4. märtsil alustas TÜ naiskoor oma 55. sünnipäevale pühendatud kontserdiseeriat. Ilmus ka naiskoori esimene CD-plaat "Tähemõrsja", millel V. Tormise naiskoorimuusika

  9. Teadus- ja erialaraamatukogudel oma päev ja aasta teo auhind / Kristina Rallmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rallmann, Kristina

    2008-01-01

    Esimene teadus- ja erialaraamatukogude päev toimus 22. oktoobril 2008 Tallinna majanduskoolis, teadusraamatukogu aasta teo auhind läks RR-i virtuaaalnäitusele "Meie parlament ja aeg: fakte, sündmusi, dokumente, inimesi" ning erialaraamatukogu aasta teo auhind Eesti Pimedate Raamatukogu töörühmale heliteavikute CD-plaatidele automatiseeritud paljundamise ja posti teel laenutamise süsteemi eest

  10. Kuidas valmis spektaakel nimega "Sõrmuste isand" / Timo Diener

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Diener, Timo

    2002-01-01

    Kinodes jookseb Peter Jacksoni esimene film J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. Kuidas see kõik teoks sai. Ka arv- ja muid andmeid ürituse mastaapide kohta. Järgneb nr-tes 21, 22, 2002, lk. 44-45 : ill

  11. Kolmest Eestis loodud tehiskeelest ja nende loojatest / Ülo Lumiste, Leo Võhandu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lumiste, Ülo, 1929-2017

    2007-01-01

    Baltisakslane Edgar de Wahl (1867-1948) oli tehiskeele oksidentaal looja ja matemaatikaõpetaja Tallinna Reaalgümnaasiumis. Jakob Linzbach (1874-1953) ja Jaan Sarv (1877-1954) kujundasid oma kunstlikke märgikeeli, mida liigitatakse pasigraafia alla. Lisa: Esimene rahvusvaheline teoreetilise, matemaatilise ja rakendusliku keeleteaduse alane olümpiaad (8.-12. september 2003, Bulgaaria) : individuaalvõistluse ülesanne

  12. Siim Nestor soovitab : Wicked Beat. President of Funk. Muuseumiööl. Springz Bashmendil / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2002-01-01

    16. mail toimub Emajõe äärses klubis Atlantis Eesti esimene nu-skool breaks õhtu Wicked Beat, kus peaesinejaks on DJ ja produtsent Databass (plaadifirma Freakaboom "juhatuse esimees" Justin Owen). 18. mail house-muusika pidu Tartus muusikagaleriis Damtan Dance. 17. mai ööl Rotermanni soolalaos triod: 1. Riho Sibul, Jaak Sooäär ja Raul Saaremets ning 2. Tõnis Leemets, Robert Jürjendal ja Aivar Tõnso. 17. mail Von Krahlis Dj Dr. Koit

  13. Tõeline arhitektuur kolis linnast Juuru valda / Tiia Truu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Truu, Tiia, 1948-

    2005-01-01

    Arhitektuurivõistlusest, mille eesmärgiks oli saada parim lahendus Mahtra muuseumi laiendamiseks. Esimene preemia - märgusõna "Heinamaa", Tomomi Hayashi ja Hanno Grossschmidt arhitektuuribüroost HG Arhitektuur. Teine preemia - märgusõna "Talgud", Andres Lember ja Tarmo Maiste arhitektuuribüroost Male Arhitektid. Kolmas preemia - märgusõna "Pärand", arhitekt Liina Jaanus

  14. Afganistanis on viga saanud 151 Eesti sõdurit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Sellel nädalal möödus kümme aastat ajast, mil esimene Eesti kaitseväe üksus alustas teenistust Afganistanis. Selle aja jooksul on Afganistanis surma saanud üheksa, lahingutegevuses haavata 92 kaitseväelast, neist 32 kaotas püsivalt töövõime. Lisaks lahingutegevuses haavata saanud kaitseväelastele on Afganistanis vigastada või haavata saanud 59 kaitseväelast

  15. Linnakultuuri õppetoolil kaks koostöölepingut

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    20. oktoobril allkirjastasid kultuuriteaduskonna linnakultuuri õppetooli professor Raimo Pullat ja Aberdeeni ülikooli ajaloo osakonna professor I.R.Macdonald Erasmus-programmi raames kahepoolse koostöölepingu, mis näeb ette üliõpilaste ja õppejõudude vahetust. Linnakultuuri ajaloo õppetooli esimene sellelaadne koostööleping aastateks 2001-2005 sõlmiti Kieli ülikooli ajaloo osakonnaga selle aasta kevadel

  16. Muhus paigaldatakse õhuväe radarit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Esimene kahest õhuväe keskmaa-õhuseireradarist jõudis Prantsusmaalt Eestisse novembri lõpus, radar on transporditud Muhu saarele ning parasjagu käivad seadme paigaldustööd, ütles BNS-ile kaitseministeeriumi pressiesindaja. Paigaldamisele järgnevad häälestamine ja testimine. Tööd peaks Thales Ground Master 403 radar alustama veebruaris

  17. Viimase minuti soovitused / Maris Meiessaar, Dannar Leitmaa, Tanel Veenre, Erik Aru, Mari Kodres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meiessaar, Maris

    2009-01-01

    PÖff-i filmidest - "Keegi ei tea midagi pärsia kassidest" (rež. Bahman Ghobadi; Iraan), "Naised ilma meesteta" (rež. Shirin Neshat; Saksamaa - Iraan), "Meisterpettur Kostabi" (rež. Michael Sladek; USA), "Jeruusalemm" (rež. Ralph Ziman; Lõuna-Aafrika Vabariik), animafilm "Esimene rühm" (rež. Yoshiharu Ashino ; Jaapan - Kanada - Venemaa), "Ühistransport" (rež. Dyana Gaye ; Prantsusmaa - Senegal), "Mammut" (rež. Lukas Moodysson ; Rootsi - Taani - Saksamaa

  18. Pärnu filmifestivali rahva lemmik : laste haridus on ainus tee arenguks / Yoram Honig ; interv. Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Honig, Yoram

    2007-01-01

    XXI Pärnu rahvusvahelise dokumentaal- ja antropoloogiafilmide festivali lõputseremoonial kuulutati välja festivali võidufilmid. Parima filmi grand prix läks režissöör Wojciech Kasperski filmile "Seemned". Rahvahääletus valis parimaks Yoram Honigi filmi "Rahu esimene õppetund". Režissöör oma filmist. Lisatud "XXI Pärnu filmifestivali võitjad"

  19. McCain, Lieberman ja meie / Marek Strandberg, Indrek Tarand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strandberg, Marek, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    USA senaatorite, vabariiklase John McCaini ja demokraat Joe Liebermani poolt USA senati menetlusse antud kahest seaduseelnõust, millest esimene kohustab USA presidenti astuma samme Venemaa ajutiseks väljaheitmiseks rikaste riikide ühendusest G7 ja teine on tuntud kui Climate Stewardship Act ehk kliimahoole seaduseelnõu. Artikli autorid Ilmahoole algatusrühmast kutsuvad üles toetama McCaini-Liebermani initsiatiivi, mis kaitseb ka Eesti välispoliitika huve

  20. Linnateater sai ruumi juurde / Ester Shank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Šank, Ester, 1956-

    1999-01-01

    27. III lisanduvad Lai 23 asuvale Tallinna Linnateatri väikesele saalile naabermajad Lai 21 ja Lai 19 / Aida 2, millega on realiseeritud esimene osa uue teatrimaja ehitusprojektist. Projekti autor Kalle Rõõmus. Sisekujundajad Argo ja Katrin Vaikla. Teatritehnoloogia: Mikko Hausmann Soomest. Peatöövõtja Estconde-E. Kogu projektist, vastvalminud osast, ehitusloost. Kommenteerivad K. Rõõmus, teatri direktor Raivo Põldmaa, projektijuht Liivo Kruusel. 8 ill

  1. Pärnu filmifestival taas ETVs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    XXI Rahvusvaheline Pärnu filmifestival : Eesti Televisioon näitab 8.-14.07. eriprogrammi, kuhu on valitud filmid "Minu surm, mitte sinu" (Saksamaa-India 2006), "Valgevene õppetund" (Poola-Valgevene 2006), "Beslan - õigus elada" (Venemaa 2006), "Esimene rahu õppetund" (Iisrael 2006), "Õnne vaenlased" (Taani-Afganistan 2006), "Mu tütar on terrorist" (Norra 2006) ja "Lugu kehast" (Iisrael 2006)

  2. Festivalifilmid ETV ekraanil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    XXI Rahvusvaheline Pärnu filmifestival : Eesti Televisioon näitab 8.-14.07. eriprogrammi, kuhu on valitud filmid "Minu surm, mitte sinu" (Saksamaa-India 2006), "Valgevene õppetund" (Poola-Valgevene 2006), "Beslan - õigus elada" (Venemaa 2006), "Esimene rahu õppetund" (Iisrael 2006), "Õnne vaenlased" (Taani-Afganistan 2006), "Mu tütar on terrorist" (Norra 2006) ja "Lugu kehast" (Iisrael 2006)

  3. Buddolog Otton Ottonovitsh Rozenberg i Estonia / Mart Läänemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läänemets, Mart

    2006-01-01

    Vana-Liivimaal sündinud ülemaailmse tuntusega orientalist Otto Rosenberg arendas edasi Vassili Vassiljevi ideed "graafilisest alfabeedist" - hieroglüüfide järjestatusest nende graafiliste elementide järgi, temast sai Peterburi ülikooli esimene doktor jaapani keele ja kirjanduse alal, ta suri Tallinnas 26. novembril 1919 ja maeti Kopli kalmistule. Lisatud dokumendid, mis tõestavad tema surma 1919. aasta sügisel Tallinnas

  4. Folkloor muutuvas maailmas / Annika Markson ; juhendaja Mari Raidmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Markson, Annika

    2008-01-01

    Artikli esimene osa kirjeldab rahvaluulet ja selle arengut tänapäeval, teine osa rahvatantsu ja line-tantsu arengut Eestis ning kolmandas osa räägitakse grafiti ajaloost ja selle rollist tänapäeva ühiskonnas. Töö lisades on välja toodud intervjuud, küsitluste vastused ning diagrammilised ülevaated küsitlustest

  5. Kahe karnevali vahel : Brasiilia nüüdistants linnulennult / Leenu Nigu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nigu, Leenu

    2008-01-01

    Tantsukompanii PIP lavastusest "Barraco.1aFase - Transbodamento" ("Barakk. esimene faas - ümberehitamine", koreograaf Carmen Jorge) ja trupi Cena11 lavastusest "Peguenas frestas de ficcao sobre a realidade insistente" ("Väikesed väljamõeldise praod pidevas reaalsuses", koreograaf Alejandro Ahmed). Tantsurühmitusest "Quadra pessos e ideias" ("Inimeste ja ideede mänguväljak") ja nende projektidest

  6. Utotshkin lendas hoopis Tallinnas / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Johannes Pääsukese (1892-1918) "Utotshkini lendamised Tartu kohal 14. ja 15. aprillil 1912", mis on seni teadaolevalt esimene eestlase filmitud kroonikapala, polnud siiski see filmikatke, mis restaureeriti Eesti Filmiarhiivi tellimusel Soomes Digital Film Finland OY laboris. Ekspertiis tuvastas, et restaureeritud filmil on lmselt Sergei Utotshkini lennukatse Tallinnas sama aasta juunis. kes on selle filmingu autor, pole paraku teada. Seda näidatakse Tartus eesti filmikunsti juubelipidustustel

  7. Very high energy gamma ray astronomy from Hanle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chitnis, Varsha R.

    2015-01-01

    Over a past decade very high energy (VHE) gamma ray astronomy has emerged as a major astronomical discipline. In India, we have a long tradition of experiments in this field. Few years ago, multi-institutional Himalayan Gamma Ray Observatory (HiGRO) collaboration was formed to set up VHE gamma rays experiments at Hanle, a high altitude location in Himalayas. HAGAR, the first phase of this collaboration is operational since 2008. HAGAR has successfully detected VHE gamma ray emission from some of the extragalactic objects like Mrk 421, Mrk 501 as well as galactic sources including Crab nebula/pulsar. Details of HAGAR telescope system and results obtained will be discussed. HiGRO is now gearing up for the next phase, i.e. 21 m diameter MACE telescope, which is being installed at Hanle at present. Details of MACE telescope system and future plans will be discussed. (author)

  8. On a residual freedom of the next-to-leading BFKL eigenvalue in color adjoint representation in planar N=4 SYM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bondarenko, Sergey; Prygarin, Alex [Physics Department, Ariel University,Ariel 40700, territories administered by (Israel)

    2016-07-15

    We discuss a residual freedom of the next-to-leading BFKL eigenvalue that originates from ambiguity in redistributing the next-to-leading (NLO) corrections between the adjoint BFKL eigenvalue and eigenfunctions in planar N=4 super-Yang-Mills (SYM) Theory. In terms of the remainder function of the Bern-Dixon-Smirnov (BDS) amplitude this freedom is translated to reshuffling correction between the eigenvalue and the impact factors in the multi-Regge kinematics (MRK) in the next-to-leading logarithm approximation (NLA). We show that the modified NLO BFKL eigenvalue suggested by the authors in ref. http://arxiv.org/abs/1510.00589 can be introduced in the MRK expression for the remainder function by shifting the anomalous dimension in the impact factor in such a way that the two and three loop remainder function is left unchanged to the NLA accuracy.

  9. Hidden Pair of Supermassive Black Holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2015-08-01

    Could a pair of supermassive black holes (SMBHs) be lurking at the center of the galaxy Mrk 231? A recent study finds that this may be the case and the unique spectrum of this galaxy could be the key to discovering more hidden binary SMBH systems.Where Are the Binary Supermassive Black Holes?Its believed that most, if not all, galaxies have an SMBH at their centers. As two galaxies merge, the two SMBHs should evolve into a closely-bound binary system before they eventually merge. Given the abundance of galaxy mergers, we would expect to see the kinematic and visual signatures of these binary SMBHs among observed active galactic nuclei yet such evidence for sub-parsec binary SMBH systems remains scarce and ambiguous. This has led researchers to wonder: is there another way that we might detect these elusive systems?A collaboration led by Chang-Shuo Yan (National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences) thinks that there is. The group suggests that these systems might have distinct signatures in their optical-to-UV spectra, and they identify a system that might be just such a candidate: Mrk 231.A Binary CandidateProposed model of Mrk 231. Two supermassive black holes, each with their own mini-disk, orbit each other in the center of a circumbinary disk. The secondary black hole has cleared gap in the circumbinary disk as a result of its orbit around the primary black hole. [Yan et al. 2015]Mrk 231 is a galaxy with a disturbed morphology and tidal tails strong clues that it might be in the final stages of a galactic merger. In addition to these signs, Mrk 231 also has an unusual spectrum for a quasar: its continuum emission displays an unexpected drop in the near-UV band.Yan and her collaborators propose that the odd behavior of Mrk 231s spectrum can be explained if the center of the galaxy houses a pair of SMBHs each with its own mini accretion disk surrounded by a circumbinary accretion disk. As the secondary SMBH orbits the primary SMBH (with a

  10. The ultraviolet to X-ray continua of BL Lac objects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    George, I.M.; Warwick, R.S.; McHardy, I.M.

    1988-01-01

    The results from EXOSAT observations of three X-ray bright BL Lacertae objects, Mrk 501, 1218 + 304 and Mrk 180 are presented. All three sources have soft power-law X-ray spectra with low-energy cut-offs consistent with absorption in the line-of-sight gas column density through our own galaxy. The three objects also exhibit significant spectral variability in the X-ray band on time-scales ranging from a few days to a year. In each case, X-ray flux and spectral index appear to be correlated, in the sense that the X-ray spectrum hardens as the source brightens. The intrinsic ultraviolet to X-ray spectrum of these and several other X-ray bright BL Lac objects can be modelled as a power-law continuum of energy index ∼1.0 below about 0.1 keV, above which the spectral slope steepens. (author)

  11. Nustar Reveals an Intrinsically X-ray Weak Broad Absorption Line Quasar in the Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxy Markarian 231

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teng, Stacy H.; Brandt. W. N.; Harrison, F. A.; Luo, B.; Alexander, D. M.; Bauer, F. E.; Boggs, S. E.; Christensen, F. E.; Comastri, A.; Craig, W. W.; hide

    2014-01-01

    We present high-energy (3-30 keV) NuSTAR observations of the nearest quasar, the ultraluminous infrared galaxy (ULIRG) Markarian 231 (Mrk 231), supplemented with new and simultaneous low-energy (0.5-8 keV) data from Chandra. The source was detected, though at much fainter levels than previously reported, likely due to contamination in the large apertures of previous non-focusing hard X-ray telescopes. The full band (0.5-30 keV) X-ray spectrum suggests the active galactic nucleus (AGN) in Mrk 231 is absorbed by a patchy and Compton-thin N(sub H) approx. 1.2(sup +0.3) sub-0.3) x 10(exp 23) / sq cm) column. The intrinsic X-ray luminosity L(sub 0.5-30 Kev) approx. 1.0 x 10(exp 43) erg /s) is extremely weak relative to the bolometric luminosity where the 2-10 keV to bolometric luminosity ratio is approx. 0.03% compared to the typical values of 2-15%. Additionally, Mrk 231 has a low X-ray-to-optical power law slope alpha(sub 0X) approx. -1.7. It is a local example of a low-ionization broad absorption line (LoBAL) quasar that is intrinsically X-ray weak. The weak ionizing continuum may explain the lack of mid-infrared [O IV], [Ne V], and [Ne VI] fine-structure emission lines which are present in sources with otherwise similar AGN properties. We argue that the intrinsic X-ray weakness may be a result of the super-Eddington accretion occurring in the nucleus of this ULIRG, and may also be naturally related to the powerful wind event seen in Mrk 231, a merger remnant escaping from its dusty cocoon.

  12. Spectropolarimetry, variability, and the taxonomy of active galactic nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goodrich, R.W.

    1988-01-01

    Two subclasses of active galactic nuclei (AGN) are studied using spectropolarimetry, with the intent of defining the relationships of the subclasses to other classes of AGNs, and to study the physics of the objects themselves. In the Seyfert 1.8/1.9 class there is good evidence for dust just outside of the broad-line regions in two objects, IRAS 1958-183 and NGC 2622. Spectropolarimetry of the latter object reveals the presence of dust moving at ∼ -800 s -1 along the our line-of-sight, and causing much of the polarization in the object. In addition, three of these objects have undergone extreme variability. Combining IDS data from Osterbrock and collaborators with the more recent CCD data it is shown that in all three cases the changes in both broad emission line fluxes and featureless continuum are consistent with changes in the line-of-sight reddening to the broad-line region. Together with the polarimetric evidence for dust and IRAS photometry this strongly suggests that the Seyfert 1.8/1.9 character is caused by dust and the consequent reddening and extinction. Variability occurs when dust clouds evaporate or move out of line-of-sight, and the extinction then changes. In the so-called narrow line Seyfert 1s spectropolarimetry reveals seven highly-polarized objects. In Mrk 1239 there is evidence for at least two components of polarization, one probably due to dust reflection. In two other objects, Mrk 766 and IRAS 1509-211, the polarization also appears to indicate dust reflection as the polarigenic mechanism. There is a weak circumstantial evidence for an association of the low-density region and the polarizing source, provided by comparison of the radio axes and polarization position angles in Mrk 766 and Mrk 1126

  13. NICMOS POLARIMETRY OF 'POLAR-SCATTERED' SEYFERT 1 GALAXIES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Batcheldor, D.; Robinson, A.; Axon, D. J.; Young, S.; Quinn, S.; Smith, J. E.; Hough, J.; Alexander, D. M.

    2011-01-01

    The nuclei of Seyfert 1 galaxies exhibit a range of optical polarization characteristics that can be understood in terms of two scattering regions producing orthogonal polarizations: an extended polar scattering region (PSR) and a compact equatorial scattering region (ESR), located within the circum-nuclear torus. Here we present NICMOS 2.0 μm imaging polarimetry of six 'polar-scattered' Seyfert 1 (S1) galaxies, in which the PSR dominates the optical polarization. The unresolved nucleus ( 2μm ) is consistent with the average for the optical spectrum(θ v ), implying that the nuclear polarization is dominated by polar scattering at both wavelengths. The same is probably true for NGC 3227. In both NGC 4593 and Mrk 766, there is a large difference between θ 2μm and θ v off-nucleus, where polar scattering is expected to dominate. This may be due to contamination by interstellar polarization in NGC 4593, but there is no clear explanation in the case of the strongly polarized Mrk 766. Lastly, in Mrk 1239, a large change (∼60 0 ) in θ 2 μ m between the nucleus and the annulus indicates that the unresolved nucleus and its immediate surroundings have different polarization states at 2 μm, which we attribute to the ESR and PSR, respectively. A further implication is that the source of the scattered 2 μm emission in the unresolved nucleus is the accretion disk, rather than torus hot dust emission.

  14. TIME-DEPENDENT ELECTRON ACCELERATION IN BLAZAR TRANSIENTS: X-RAY TIME LAGS AND SPECTRAL FORMATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, Tiffany R.; Becker, Peter A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030-4444 (United States); Finke, Justin D., E-mail: pbecker@gmu.edu, E-mail: tlewis13@gmu.edu, E-mail: justin.finke@nrl.navy.mil [U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Code 7653, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375-5352 (United States)

    2016-06-20

    Electromagnetic radiation from blazar jets often displays strong variability, extending from radio to γ -ray frequencies. In a few cases, this variability has been characterized using Fourier time lags, such as those detected in the X-rays from Mrk 421 using Beppo SAX. The lack of a theoretical framework to interpret the data has motivated us to develop a new model for the formation of the X-ray spectrum and the time lags in blazar jets based on a transport equation including terms describing stochastic Fermi acceleration, synchrotron losses, shock acceleration, adiabatic expansion, and spatial diffusion. We derive the exact solution for the Fourier transform of the electron distribution and use it to compute the Fourier transform of the synchrotron radiation spectrum and the associated X-ray time lags. The same theoretical framework is also used to compute the peak flare X-ray spectrum, assuming that a steady-state electron distribution is achieved during the peak of the flare. The model parameters are constrained by comparing the theoretical predictions with the observational data for Mrk 421. The resulting integrated model yields, for the first time, a complete first-principles physical explanation for both the formation of the observed time lags and the shape of the peak flare X-ray spectrum. It also yields direct estimates of the strength of the shock and the stochastic magnetohydrodynamical wave acceleration components in the Mrk 421 jet.

  15. REVERBERATION MAPPING RESULTS FOR FIVE SEYFERT 1 GALAXIES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grier, C. J.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; Martini, Paul; Zu, Y.; Kochanek, C. S.; Shappee, B.; Stanek, K. Z.; Salvo, C. Araya; Beatty, T. G.; Bird, J. C. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Denney, K. D. [Marie Curie Fellow at the Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Bentz, M. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Astronomy Offices, One Park Place South SE, Suite 700, Atlanta, GA 30303 (United States); Sergeev, S. G.; Borman, G. A. [Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, P/O Nauchny Crimea 98409 (Ukraine); Kaspi, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Minezaki, T. [Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, 2-21-1, Osawa, Mitaka, 181-0015, Tokyo (Japan); Siverd, R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, 5301 Stevenson Center, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Bord, D. J. [Department of Natural Sciences, The University of Michigan-Dearborn, 4901 Evergreen Road, Dearborn, MI 48128 (United States); Che, X. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 41809 (United States); and others

    2012-08-10

    We present the results from a detailed analysis of photometric and spectrophotometric data on five Seyfert 1 galaxies observed as a part of a recent reverberation mapping program. The data were collected at several observatories over a 140 day span beginning in 2010 August and ending in 2011 January. We obtained high sampling-rate light curves for Mrk 335, Mrk 1501, 3C 120, Mrk 6, and PG 2130+099, from which we have measured the time lag between variations in the 5100 A continuum and the H{beta} broad emission line. We then used these measurements to calculate the mass of the supermassive black hole at the center of each of these galaxies. Our new measurements substantially improve previous measurements of M{sub BH} and the size of the broad line-emitting region for four sources and add a measurement for one new object. Our new measurements are consistent with photoionization physics regulating the location of the broad line region in active galactic nuclei.

  16. REVERBERATION MAPPING RESULTS FOR FIVE SEYFERT 1 GALAXIES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grier, C. J.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; Martini, Paul; Zu, Y.; Kochanek, C. S.; Shappee, B.; Stanek, K. Z.; Salvo, C. Araya; Beatty, T. G.; Bird, J. C.; Denney, K. D.; Bentz, M. C.; Sergeev, S. G.; Borman, G. A.; Kaspi, S.; Minezaki, T.; Siverd, R.; Bord, D. J.; Che, X.

    2012-01-01

    We present the results from a detailed analysis of photometric and spectrophotometric data on five Seyfert 1 galaxies observed as a part of a recent reverberation mapping program. The data were collected at several observatories over a 140 day span beginning in 2010 August and ending in 2011 January. We obtained high sampling-rate light curves for Mrk 335, Mrk 1501, 3C 120, Mrk 6, and PG 2130+099, from which we have measured the time lag between variations in the 5100 Å continuum and the Hβ broad emission line. We then used these measurements to calculate the mass of the supermassive black hole at the center of each of these galaxies. Our new measurements substantially improve previous measurements of M BH and the size of the broad line-emitting region for four sources and add a measurement for one new object. Our new measurements are consistent with photoionization physics regulating the location of the broad line region in active galactic nuclei.

  17. VERY LONG BASELINE ARRAY IMAGING OF PARSEC-SCALE RADIO EMISSIONS IN NEARBY RADIO-QUIET NARROW-LINE SEYFERT 1 GALAXIES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doi, Akihiro [The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuou-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Asada, Keiichi; Inoue, Makoto [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Fujisawa, Kenta [The Research Institute of Time Studies, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi 753-8511 (Japan); Nagai, Hiroshi; Hagiwara, Yoshiaki [National Astronomical Observatory, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Wajima, Kiyoaki, E-mail: akihiro.doi@vsop.isas.jaxa.jp [Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030 (China)

    2013-03-01

    We conducted Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations of seven nearby narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxies at 1.7 GHz ({lambda}18 cm) with milliarcsecond resolution. This is the first systematic very long baseline interferometry study focusing on the central parsec-scale regions of radio-quiet NLS1s. Five of the seven were detected at a brightness temperature of {approx}> 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 6} K and contain radio cores with high brightness temperatures of >6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} K, indicating a nonthermal process driven by jet-producing central engines as in radio-loud NLS1s and other active galactic nucleus classes. VLBA images of MRK 1239, MRK 705, and MRK 766 exhibit parsec-scale jets with clear linear structures. A large portion of the radio power comes from diffuse emission components that are distributed within the nuclear regions ({approx}< 300 pc), which is a common characteristic throughout the observed NLS1s. Jet kinetic powers limited by the Eddington limit may be insufficient to allow the jets to escape to kiloparsec scales for these radio-quiet NLS1s with low-mass black holes of {approx}< 10{sup 7} M {sub Sun }.

  18. A mouse anti-myostatin antibody increases muscle mass and improves muscle strength and contractility in the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy and its humanized equivalent, domagrozumab (PF-06252616), increases muscle volume in cynomolgus monkeys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    St Andre, Michael; Johnson, Mark; Bansal, Prashant N; Wellen, Jeremy; Robertson, Andrew; Opsahl, Alan; Burch, Peter M; Bialek, Peter; Morris, Carl; Owens, Jane

    2017-11-09

    The treatments currently approved for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a progressive skeletal muscle wasting disease, address the needs of only a small proportion of patients resulting in an urgent need for therapies that benefit all patients regardless of the underlying mutation. Myostatin is a member of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) family of ligands and is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass. Loss of myostatin has been shown to increase muscle mass and improve muscle function in both normal and dystrophic mice. Therefore, myostatin blockade via a specific antibody could ameliorate the muscle weakness in DMD patients by increasing skeletal muscle mass and function, thereby reducing patients' functional decline. A murine anti-myostatin antibody, mRK35, and its humanized analog, domagrozumab, were developed and their ability to inhibit several TGB-β ligands was measured using a cell-based Smad-activity reporter system. Normal and mdx mice were treated with mRK35 to examine the antibody's effect on body weight, lean mass, muscle weights, grip strength, ex vivo force production, and fiber size. The humanized analog (domagrozumab) was tested in non-human primates (NHPs) for changes in skeletal muscle mass and volume as well as target engagement via modulation of circulating myostatin. Both the murine and human antibodies are specific and potent inhibitors of myostatin and GDF11. mRK35 is able to increase body weight, lean mass, and muscle weights in normal mice. In mdx mice, mRK35 significantly increased body weight, muscle weights, grip strength, and ex vivo force production in the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle. Further, tibialis anterior (TA) fiber size was significantly increased. NHPs treated with domagrozumab demonstrated a dose-dependent increase in lean mass and muscle volume and exhibited increased circulating levels of myostatin demonstrating target engagement. We demonstrated that the potent anti-myostatin antibody mRK35 and

  19. Ilves ja Bush - üks rantšopidajast president kutsus teise külla / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi kohtumisest president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega. Kõne all oli viisavabadus ja NATO küberkaitsekeskuse loomine Eestisse. G.W. Bush avaldas kaastunnet Afganistanis hukkunud Eesti sõdurite omastele. Riigikogu liikmete Marko Mihkelsoni ja Sven Mikseri kommentaarid presidentide kohtumisele. Vt. samas: Esimene riigipea pärjaga. T.H. Ilves asetas pärja kommunismiohvrite mälestusmärgile, mille president G.W. Bush avas 12. juunil 2007. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 25.-26.06.2007

  20. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Estonia : 3-4-1-10-2000 (22 Dec 2000) : review of the petition of Administrative Law Chamber of the Supreme Court to declare clause 17 of the Procedure for Privatisation of Land by Auction partly unconstitu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Riigikohtu lahendi 3-4-1-10-00 (Riigikohtu halduskolleegiumi taotlus tunnistada, et Vabariigi Valitsuse 06. 11. 96. a. määrusega nr. 268 kinnitatud "Maa enampakkumisega erastamise korra" p. 17 lg 2 alapunkt 2 see osa, mis sätestas maa enampakkumisel osalejale 1000-kroonise osavõtutasu maksmise kohustuse (kuni 08. 03. 2000), oli põhiseadusevastane ning tunnistada Vabariigi Valitsuse 06. 11. 96. a. määrusega nr. 268 kinnitatud "Maa enampakkumisega erastamise korra" p. 49 esimene lause kehtetuks) tekst inglise keeles

  1. Balti põgenike problemaatika USA poliitikas 1945-1952 / Kaja Kumer-Haukanõmm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumer-Haukanõmm, Kaja

    2007-01-01

    Teise maailmasõja järel lähtus enamik riike pagulaste kohta käivate otsuste langetamisel USA tegevusest. Sõjapõgenike küsimusega tegelenud organisatsioonidest. Perioodi jooksul toimunud muutustest põgenikelaagrites viibinute suhtes. Keeruline aeg Balti riikide pagulaste jaoks oli 1946. aasta ja 1947. aasta esimene pool. Tõenäoliselt ei abistanud USA balti põgenikke ainult humanistlikel kaalutlustel, vaid neid kasutati külma sõja algul Nõukogude Liiduga suheldes sageli manipuleerimisvahendina

  2. Mehe ettekujutus võrdõiguslikkusest : Areeni modernromaani I-XII osa / Tõnu Kaalep, Harry Liivrand, Barbi Pilvre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-

    2002-01-01

    Järg: 4. apr., lk. B4; 11. apr., lk. B25; 18. apr., lk. B4; 25. apr., lk.B9; 2. mai., lk. B4; 9. mai, lk. B27; 16. mai, lk. B12; 23. mai, lk. B4; 30. mai, lk. B11; 6. juuni, lk. B14; 13. juuni, lk. B27. Sisu : Nicolette'i Meestemaja; Maakler lagedal maastikul; Vaba mees; Kass, Inessa, kass!; Masin jookseb kokku; Õpetatud mees; Mõned vanad kirjad; Meesteõhtu; Teel; Esimene laip; Arkaadia. Epiloog.

  3. Islam ja Tallinn - kontaktid minevikust tänaseni / Toomas Abiline

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Abiline, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Eesti tõsisem kokkupuude islamiga toimus Liivi sõja päevil, kui vabanemaks alandavast alluvussuhtest Ivan IV-ga, tulid paljud tatarlased sõja käigus Rootsi poole üle ja osa neist jäi Eestisse elama. Esimene suurem islami kogukond tekkis Eestis pärast Eesti- ja Liivimaa liitmist Vene tsaaririigiga 1721. aastal. Esimese maailmasõja ja Vabadussõja aastatel lahkusid Eestist paljud tatarlased. Eesti Islami Kogudus taasregistreeriti 1989. aastal

  4. Kvadroraadio 40 / Margo Kõlar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõlar, Margo, 1961-

    2017-01-01

    40 aastat tagasi edastas Eesti Raadio eetrisse esimese kvadrofoonilise otsesaate tollases Nõukogude Liidus. Sündmust meenutavad psühholoog ja elektroonikainsener, tollane Vabariikliku Raadio- ja Telekeskuse sektori juhataja Avo-Rein Tereping ning mitu häält aegade tagant: ENSV Raadio ja Televisiooni Komitee esimehe esimene asetäitja Aado Slutsk, raadio- ja muusikaajakirjanik Virve Normet, Eesti Raadio programmi peadirektori asetäitja Hannes Valdma, reporter Toivo Makk, aastail 1975-1981 raadio muusikasaadete peatoimetajana töötanud tšellist Toomas Velmet ning loodusemees Fred Jüssi

  5. Akkadi kuningate jumalikustamine / Vladimir Sazonov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sazonov, Vladimir, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Narḿ-Su'en oli esimene kindlalt tõestatud jumalikustatud valitseja Mesopotaamias. Narḿ-Su'eni ajal toimus riigivõimu ideoloogias pööre, juba varem aluse saanud nihe despotismi suunas tugevnes veelgi. Tema järglast jumalikku ₂arkali̧arr̋t on nimetatud isegi "kangelaslikuks jumalaks", ₂arkali̧arr̋ seosest Enlili poja, sõjaka kangelasjumala Ninurtaga. Pärast ₂arkali̧arr̋ surma ei jumalikustanud end ükski kuningas

  6. Lugemiseks mõeldud / Tiina Tammer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammer, Tiina, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    Tutvustus: Käo, Henno. Väike rüütel Rikardo ; Raud, Piret. Ernesto küülikud ; Kass, Kristiina. Kasper ja viis tarka kassi ; Vaiksoo, Jaanus. Lumemöll ; Made, Reet. Veli Oliver (Tallinn : Tänapäev) - 2004. a. lastejutuvõistluse "Minu esimene raamat" auhinnatud tööd. Neljapäeval, 3. märtsil esitletakse kolme viimast Eesti Lastekirjanduse Teabekeskuses. Vt. ka sõnum: Postimees, 1. märts, lk. 14

  7. Ado Johansoni taluehituse ja kohakujunduse õpetus / Aimur Joandi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joandi, Aimur, 1948-2014

    2011-01-01

    19. saj. teisel poolel ei suutnud rehielamu täita uuema aja nõudeid. 20. saj. algul osutus üheks aktiivsemaks taluehituse arendajaks esimene kutseline põllumajandusinstruktor Ado Johanson. Ta tutvus Soome-Rootsi tuntud insener-arhitekti Alfred Sjöströmi põhimõtetega taluehitiste planeerimisel, ruumide ehitamisel, õue-aia valikul, osales taluelamu ehitusjooniste võistlusel, käis välismaal tutvumas eeskujulike taludega ning rakendas siis kuuldut-nähtut Eestis

  8. Eesti-Saksamaa diplomaatiliste suhete algusest = der Beginn der Estnisch-Deutschen Diplomatischen Beziehungen / Eero Medijainen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Medijainen, Eero

    2007-01-01

    Eesti esimene valitud esinduskogu Maapäev hakkas 1917. a. suvel ja sügisel välispoliitilisi küsimusi arutama seoses keiserliku Saksamaa vägede edasiliikumisega. 1919. aasta kevadel pani Eesti juhtivaid sotsiaaldemokraate Mihkel Martna aluse saatkonnale Saksamaal. Eesti esindajate põhimureks oli Eesti ja Saksamaa hea vahekorra säilitamine nii keerulistel Weimari Vabariigi aastatel kui natside võimuloleku päevil. Eesti esinduse taastmise katsetest Teise maailmasõja järel

  9. Lihtsad lood / Valeri Bezzubov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bezzubov, Valeri, 1929-1991

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Armastuskiri ; Teine armastuskiri ; Väikeste luikede tants ; Piknik Kodori kaldal ; Küll sai nalja ; Katse ; Kolm kaarti ; Minu esimene kana ; Elu hilinemisega ; Kaks esimest surma ; Kõige häbiväärsem häbi ; Saatuse sirgtee võibvõib kergelt kiiva kiskuda ; Viru väravad ; Tuhatoos ; Terav nuga ; Lublini lummus ; Kunsti kosutav jõud ; Binokkel. Sisaldab andmeid autori kohta. Käsikiri asub Tartu Ülikooli raamatukogukäsikirjade ja haruldaste raamatute osakonnas. Illustratsioonid Enn Tegova " sarjast Tartu näod"

  10. Kirjanik ja pasatornaado I / Tiit Aleksejev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aleksejev, Tiit, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Vene kodusõja kajastamisest 1920. aastate nõukogude proosas. Käsitletakse Isaak Babeli novellikogu "Ratsaarmee" (tõlkinud Olev Jõgi. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1977), Boriss Lavrenjovi jutustust "Neljakümne esimene" (tõlkinud Jüri Karindi. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1975), Viktor Kini jutustust "Valgete tagalas" (tõlkinud Jüri Ojamaa. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1978), Hubert Minagrelli jutustust "Neli sõdurit" (pr. k. "Quatre soldats"), Andrei Platonovi novelli "Inimene iseendas" (ilmunud raamatus "Meistri saamine" / tõlkinud Virve Krimm. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1979) ja romaani "Tševengur" (ilmunud raamatus "Tševengur. Kotlovan. Rasskazõ". Moskva, 2007), samuti ka Arkadi Gaidari loomingut

  11. "Zerkalo" dlja antigeroja / Nikolai Hrustaljov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hrustaljov, Nikolai

    2007-01-01

    Esimene Andrei Tarkovskile pühendatud filmifestival "Peegel" ("Zerkalo"). Festivali toimumispaigaks on režissööri sünnipaik Jurjevetsi linn Ivanovo oblastis, žürii juhiks Teo Angelopulos. Festivali huvitavamatest filmidest - Valeri Ogorodnikovi "Putina" (Venemaa ; publiku auhind), mehhiklase Gerardo Naranjo "Drama/Mex" (peaauhind), horvaadi Branko Schmidti "Arbuuside vedu" ("Put lubenica"; Mei Sun'ile naisnäitleja auhind), islandlase Ragnar Bragasoni "Lapsed" ("Börn"; Olafur Darri Olafssonile meesnäitleja auhind), serblase Srdjan Golubovici "Lõks" ("Klopka")

  12. Supermassive black holes with high accretion rates in active galactic nuclei. I. First results from a new reverberation mapping campaign

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Du, Pu; Hu, Chen; Qiu, Jie; Li, Yan-Rong; Wang, Jian-Min; Lu, Kai-Xing; Wang, Fang; Bai, Jin-Ming; Kaspi, Shai; Netzer, Hagai

    2014-01-01

    We report first results from a large project to measure black hole (BH) mass in high accretion rate active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Such objects may be different from other AGNs in being powered by slim accretion disks and showing saturated accretion luminosities, but both are not yet fully understood. The results are part of a large reverberation mapping (RM) campaign using the 2.4 m Shangri-La telescope at the Yunnan Observatory in China. The goals are to investigate the gas distribution near the BH and the properties of the central accretion disks, to measure BH mass and Eddington ratios, and to test the feasibility of using such objects as a new type of cosmological candles. The paper presents results for three objects, Mrk 335, Mrk 142, and IRAS F12397+3333, with Hβ time lags relative to the 5100 Å continuum of 10.6 −2.9 +1.7 , 6.4 −2.2 +0.8 and 11.4 −1.9 +2.9 days, respectively. The corresponding BH masses are (8.3 −3.2 +2.6 )×10 6 M ⊙ , (3.4 −1.2 +0.5 )×10 6 M ⊙ , and (7.5 −4.1 +4.3 )×10 6 M ⊙ , and the lower limits on the Eddington ratios are 0.6, 2.3, and 4.6 for the minimal radiative efficiency of 0.038. Mrk 142 and IRAS F12397+333 (extinction corrected) clearly deviate from the currently known relation between Hβ lag and continuum luminosity. The three Eddington ratios are beyond the values expected in thin accretion disks and two of them are the largest measured so far among objects with RM-based BH masses. We briefly discuss implications for slim disks, BH growth, and cosmology.

  13. Supermassive Black Holes with High Accretion Rates in Active Galactic Nuclei. I. First Results from a New Reverberation Mapping Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Pu; Hu, Chen; Lu, Kai-Xing; Wang, Fang; Qiu, Jie; Li, Yan-Rong; Bai, Jin-Ming; Kaspi, Shai; Netzer, Hagai; Wang, Jian-Min; SEAMBH Collaboration

    2014-02-01

    We report first results from a large project to measure black hole (BH) mass in high accretion rate active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Such objects may be different from other AGNs in being powered by slim accretion disks and showing saturated accretion luminosities, but both are not yet fully understood. The results are part of a large reverberation mapping (RM) campaign using the 2.4 m Shangri-La telescope at the Yunnan Observatory in China. The goals are to investigate the gas distribution near the BH and the properties of the central accretion disks, to measure BH mass and Eddington ratios, and to test the feasibility of using such objects as a new type of cosmological candles. The paper presents results for three objects, Mrk 335, Mrk 142, and IRAS F12397+3333, with Hβ time lags relative to the 5100 Å continuum of 10.6^{+1.7}_{-2.9}, 6.4^{+0.8}_{-2.2} and 11.4^{+2.9}_{-1.9} days, respectively. The corresponding BH masses are (8.3_{-3.2}^{+2.6})\\times 10^6\\,M_{\\odot }, (3.4_{-1.2}^{+0.5})\\times 10^6\\,M_{\\odot }, and (7.5_{-4.1}^{+4.3})\\times 10^6\\,M_{\\odot }, and the lower limits on the Eddington ratios are 0.6, 2.3, and 4.6 for the minimal radiative efficiency of 0.038. Mrk 142 and IRAS F12397+333 (extinction corrected) clearly deviate from the currently known relation between Hβ lag and continuum luminosity. The three Eddington ratios are beyond the values expected in thin accretion disks and two of them are the largest measured so far among objects with RM-based BH masses. We briefly discuss implications for slim disks, BH growth, and cosmology.

  14. Digging for red nuggets: discovery of hot halos surrounding massive, compact, relic galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werner, N.; Lakhchaura, K.; Canning, R. E. A.; Gaspari, M.; Simionescu, A.

    2018-04-01

    We present the results of Chandra X-ray observations of the isolated, massive, compact, relic galaxies MRK 1216 and PGC 032873. Compact massive galaxies observed at z > 2, also called red nuggets, formed in quick dissipative events and later grew by dry mergers into the local giant ellipticals. Due to the stochastic nature of mergers, a few of the primordial massive galaxies avoided the mergers and remained untouched over cosmic time. We find that the hot atmosphere surrounding MRK 1216 extends far beyond the stellar population and has an 0.5-7 keV X-ray luminosity of LX = (7.0 ± 0.2) × 1041 erg s-1, which is similar to the nearby X-ray bright giant ellipticals. The hot gas has a short central cooling time of ˜50 Myr and the galaxy has a ˜13 Gyr old stellar population. The presence of an X-ray atmosphere with a short nominal cooling time and the lack of young stars indicate the presence of a sustained heating source, which prevented star formation since the dissipative origin of the galaxy 13 Gyrs ago. The central temperature peak and the presence of radio emission in the core of the galaxy indicate that the heating source is radio-mechanical AGN feedback. Given that both MRK 1216 and PGC 032873 appear to have evolved in isolation, the order of magnitude difference in their current X-ray luminosity could be traced back to a difference in the ferocity of the AGN outbursts in these systems. Finally, we discuss the potential connection between the presence of hot halos around such massive galaxies and the growth of super/over-massive black holes via chaotic cold accretion.

  15. A Radio Study of the Seyfert Galaxy Markarian 6: Implications for Seyfert Life Cycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharb, P.; O'Dea, C. P.; Baum, S. A.; Colbert, E. J. M.; Xu, C.

    2006-11-01

    We have carried out an extensive radio study with the Very Large Array on the Seyfert 1.5 galaxy Mrk 6 and imaged a spectacular radio structure in the source. The radio emission occurs on three different spatial scales: ~7.5 kpc bubbles, ~1.5 kpc bubbles lying nearly orthogonal to them, and a ~1 kpc radio jet lying orthogonal to the kiloparsec-scale bubble. To explain the complex morphology, we first consider a scenario in which the radio structures are the result of superwinds ejected by a nuclear starburst. However, recent Spitzer observations of Mrk 6 provide an upper limit to the star formation rate (SFR) of ~5.5 Msolar yr-1, an estimate much lower than the SFR of ~33 Msolar yr-1 derived assuming that the bubbles are a result of starburst winds energized by supernova explosions. Thus, a starburst alone cannot meet the energy requirements for the creation of the bubbles in Mrk 6. We then present an energetically plausible model wherein the bubbles are a result of energy deposited by the kiloparsec-scale jet as it plows into the interstellar medium. Finally, we consider a model in which the complex radio structure is a result of an episodically powered precessing jet that changes its orientation. This model is the most attractive as it can naturally explain the complex radio morphology and is consistent with the energetics, the spectral index, and the polarization structure. Radio emission in this scenario is a short-lived phenomenon in the lifetime of a Seyfert galaxy, which results from an accretion event.

  16. Highlights from the ARGO-YBJ experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aielli, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, dell& #x27; Universita & #x27; Tor Vergata& #x27; , via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma (Italy); Bacci, C. [Dipartimento di Fisica, dell& #x27; Universita & #x27; Roma Tre& #x27; , via della Vasca Navale 84, 00146 Roma (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma 3, via della Vasca Navale 84, 00146 Roma (Italy); Bartoli, B. [Dipartimento di Fisica, dell& #x27; Universita di Napoli, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant& #x27; Angelo, via Cintia, 80126 Napoli (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Napoli, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant& #x27; Angelo, via Cintia, 80126 Napoli (Italy); Bernardini, P. [Dipartimento di Fisica, dell& #x27; Universita del Salento, via per Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Lecce, via per Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Bi, X.J. [Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophyics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, P.O. Box 918, 100049 Beijing (China); Bleve, C. [Dipartimento di Fisica, dell& #x27; Universita del Salento, via per Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Lecce, via per Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Branchini, P.; Budano, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma 3, via della Vasca Navale 84, 00146 Roma (Italy); and others

    2012-01-01

    The ARGO-YBJ experiment at YangBaJing in Tibet (4300 m a.s.l.) has been taking data with its full layout since October 2007. Here we present a few significant results obtained in gamma-ray astronomy and cosmic-ray physics. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of gamma-ray emission from point-like sources (Crab Nebula, MRK 421), on the preliminary limit on the antiproton/proton flux ratio, on the large-scale cosmic-ray anisotropy and on the proton-air cross-section. The performance of the detector is also discussed, and the perspectives of the experiment are outlined.

  17. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Lick AGN monitoring 2011: light curves (Barth+, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, A. J.; Bennert, V. N.; Canalizo, G.; Filippenko, A. V.; Gates, E. L.; Greene, J. E.; Li, W.; Malkan, M. A.; Pancoast, A.; Sand, D. J.; Stern, D.; Treu, T.; Woo, J.-H.; Assef, R. J.; Bae, H.-J.; Brewer, B. J.; Cenko, S. B.; Clubb, K. I.; Cooper, M. C.; Diamond-Stanic, A. M.; Hiner, K. D.; Honig, S. F.; Hsiao, E.; Kandrashoff, M. T.; Lazarova, M. S.; Nierenberg, A. M.; Rex, J.; Silverman, J. M.; Tollerud, E. J.; Walsh, J. L.

    2015-05-01

    This project was allocated 69 nights at the Lick 3m Shane telescope, distributed between 2011 March 27 and June 13. Observations were conducted using the Kast double spectrograph (3440-5515Å on the blue side and 5410-8200Å on the red side). In order to extend our light curves for two AGNs, we also requested additional observations from other observers using the Kast spectrograph: Mrk 50 from 2011 January through March, and Zw 229-015 in June and July. For Zw 229-015, three additional observations were taken 20-23 days after the end of our main campaign. See section 3. (2 data files).

  18. A NuSTAR survey of nearby ultraluminous infrared galaxies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teng, Stacy H.; Rigby, Jane R.; Stern, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    We present a Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), Chandra, and XMM-Newton survey of nine of the nearest ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs). The unprecedented sensitivity of NuSTAR at energies above 10 keV enables spectral modeling with far better precision than was previously......] line luminosity than do Seyfert 1 galaxies. We identify IRAS 08572+3915 as another candidate intrinsically X-ray weak source, similar to Mrk 231. We speculate that the X-ray weakness of IRAS 08572+3915 is related to its powerful outflow observed at other wavelengths....

  19. Efflux of rhodamine from CD56+ cells as a surrogate marker for reversal of P-glycoprotein-mediated drug efflux by PSC 833

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Robey, R; Bakke, S; Stein, W

    1999-01-01

    minutes. A dose-response relationship was shown between the concentration of PSC 833 in the blood and the inhibition of rhodamine efflux, with an apparent plateau of the inhibition of rhodamine efflux at approximately 1,000 ng/mL. The Ki, defined as the concentration required for half-maximal inhibition...... of Pgp-mediated rhodamine efflux, was determined to be in the range of 29 to 181 ng/mL; although results in two patients were distinctly different, with Ki values of 914 and 916 ng/mL. MRK-16 staining was similar among all patients. We conclude that measurement of rhodamine efflux from CD56(+) cells...

  20. FACT — LONGTERM MONITORING OF BRIGHT TeV BLAZARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katja Meier

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The First G-APD Cherenkov Telescope (FACT, located on the Canary Island of La Palma, has been taking data since October 2011. FACT has been optimized for longterm monitoring of bright TeV blazars, to study their variability time scales and flare probability. G-APD photo-sensors allow for observations even under strong moonlight conditions, and the telescope can be operated remotely. The monitoring strategy of FACT is discussed and preliminary results of the flare of Mrk501 in June 2012 are shown.

  1. Search for emission of ultra high energy radiation from active galactic nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    A search for emission of ultra-high energy gamma radiation from 13 active galactic nuclei that were detected by EGRET, using the CYGNUS extensive air-shower array, is described. The data set has been searched for continuous emission, emission on the time scale of one week, and for on the time scale of out day. No evidence for emission from any of the AGN on any of the time scales examined was found. The 90% C.L. upper limit to the continuous flux from Mrk 421 above 50 TeV is 7.5 x 10 -14 cm -2 s -1

  2. Integral Field Spectroscopy of Markarian 273: Mapping High-Velocity Gas Flows and an Off-Nucleus Seyfert 2 Nebula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colina; Arribas; Borne

    1999-12-10

    Integral field optical spectroscopy with the INTEGRAL fiber-based system is used to map the extended ionized regions and gas flows in Mrk 273, one of the closest ultraluminous infrared galaxies. The Hbeta and [O iii] lambda5007 maps show the presence of two distinct regions separated by 4&arcsec; (3.1 kpc) along position angle (P.A.) 240 degrees. The northeastern region coincides with the optical nucleus of the galaxy and shows the spectral characteristics of LINERs. The southwestern region is dominated by [O iii] emission and is classified as a Seyfert 2. Therefore, in the optical, Mrk 273 is an ultraluminous infrared galaxy with a LINER nucleus and an extended off-nucleus Seyfert 2 nebula. The kinematics of the [O iii] ionized gas shows (1) the presence of highly disturbed gas in the regions around the LINER nucleus, (2) a high-velocity gas flow with a peak-to-peak amplitude of 2.4x103 km s-1, and (3) quiescent gas in the outer regions (at 3 kpc). We hypothesize that the high-velocity flow is the starburst-driven superwind generated in an optically obscured nuclear starburst and that the quiescent gas is directly ionized by a nuclear source, similar to the ionization cones typically seen in Seyfert galaxies.

  3. Detection of Primordial Magnetic Fields in TeV gamma-ray data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wingler, A.

    The analysis of the time-variable flux of γ-ray photons from extragalactic sources is currently the only proposed way to directly determine the magnetic field strengths in intergalactic space - far away from galaxies and clusters (in the cosmological "voids") - in the range below about 10,10 Gauss (Plaga 1995). Remnant magnetic fields with field strengths much below this, which may well have formed in early cosmological times, could exist in these voids. Due to their interaction with infrared photons TeV gamma-rays induce pair production in intergalactic space. The electrons and positrons are deflected by ambient magnetic fields and produce γ-rays via inverse Compton scattering that are delayed with respect to the original photons in an energy-dependent, characteristic manner. A standard method to identify these delayed events in a data sample of a source with a variable VHE γ-ray flux (as available from several Cherenkov telescope experiments for the high-emission phase of the AGN Mrk 501 in 1997) is described. Monte-Carlo simulations of existing data sets (taking into backgrounds and instrumental limitations) are used to explore how sensitive data sets similar to the existing ones are to primordial magnetic fields. We find that about 22000 (15000) events from a source with characteristics similar to Mrk 501 are needed to detect a primordial B field of 3 (10) atto Gauss (10,18 G) with a 3 significance.

  4. THE ENVIRONMENT AND DISTRIBUTION OF EMITTING ELECTRONS AS A FUNCTION OF SOURCE ACTIVITY IN MARKARIAN 421

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mankuzhiyil, Nijil; Ansoldi, Stefano; Persic, Massimo; Tavecchio, Fabrizio

    2011-01-01

    For the high-frequency-peaked BL Lac object Mrk 421, we study the variation of the spectral energy distribution (SED) as a function of source activity, from quiescent to active. We use a fully automatized χ 2 -minimization procedure, instead of the 'eyeball' procedure more commonly used in the literature, to model nine SED data sets with a one-zone synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model and examine how the model parameters vary with source activity. The latter issue can finally be addressed now, because simultaneous broadband SEDs (spanning from optical to very high energy photon) have finally become available. Our results suggest that in Mrk 421 the magnetic field (B) decreases with source activity, whereas the electron spectrum's break energy (γ br ) and the Doppler factor (δ) increase-the other SSC parameters turn out to be uncorrelated with source activity. In the SSC framework, these results are interpreted in a picture where the synchrotron power and peak frequency remain constant with varying source activity, through a combination of decreasing magnetic field and increasing number density of γ ≤ γ br electrons: since this leads to an increased electron-photon scattering efficiency, the resulting Compton power increases, and so does the total (= synchrotron plus Compton) emission.

  5. Extended Narrow-Line Region in Seyfert Galaxies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Congiu

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available We present our recent results about the extended narrow-line region (ENLR of two nearby Seyfert 2 galaxies (IC 5063 and NGC 7212 obtained by modeling the observed line profiles and spectra with composite models (photoionization+shocks in the different regions surrounding the AGN. Then, we compare the Seyfert 2 ENLRs with the very extended one recently discovered in the narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1 galaxy Mrk 783. We have found several evidences of interaction between the ISM of the galaxies and their radio jets, such as (a the contribution of shocks in ionizing the high velocity gas, (b the complex kinematics showed by the profile of the emission lines, (c the high fragmentation of matter, etc. The results suggest that the ENLR of IC 5063 have a hollow bi-conical shape, with one edge aligned to the galaxy disk, which may cause some kind of dependence on velocity of the ionization parameter. Regarding the Mrk 783 properties, it is found that the extension of the optical emission is almost twice the size of the radio one and it seems due to the AGN activity, although there is contamination by star formation around 12 arcsec from the nucleus. Diagnostic diagrams excluded the contribution of star formation in IC 5063 and NGC 7212, while the shock contribution was used to explain the spectra emitted by their high velocity gas.

  6. Nucleotide sequence of pOLA52: a conjugative IncX1 plasmid from Escherichia coli which enables biofilm formation and multidrug efflux

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norman, Anders; Hansen, Lars H.; She, Qunxin

    2008-01-01

    . The plasmid was also classified as IncX1 with incompatibility testing. The conjugal transfer and plasmid maintenance regions of pOLA52 therefore seem to represent IncX1 orthologues of the well-characterized IncX2 plasmid R6K. Sequence homology searches in GenBank also suggested a considerably higher...... of type 3 fimbriae (mrkABCDF). The plasmid was found to be 51,602 bp long with 68 putative genes. About half of the plasmid constituted a conserved IncX1-type backbone with predicted regions for conjugation, replication and partitioning, as well as a toxin/antitoxin (TA) plasmid addiction system...... prevalence of IncX1 group plasmids than IncX2. The 21 kb 'genetic load' region of pOLA52 was shown to consist of a mosaic, among other things a fragmented Tn3 transposon encoding ampicillin resistance. Most notably the oqxAB and mrkABCDF cassettes were contained within two composite transposons (Tn6010...

  7. Observation of soft X-ray spectra from a Seyfert 1 and a narrow emission-line galaxy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, K.P.; Garmire, G.P.; Nousek, J.

    1985-01-01

    The 0.2-40 keV X-ray spectra of the Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 509 and the narrow emission-line galaxy NGC 2992 are analyzed. The results suggest the presence of a steep soft X-ray component in Mrk 509 in addition to the well-known Gamma = 1.7 component found in other active galactic nuclei in the 2-40 keV energy range. The soft X-ray component is interpreted as due to thermal emission from a hot gas, probably associated with the highly ionized gas observed to be outflowing from the galaxy. The X-ray spectrum of NGC 2992 does not show any steepening in the soft X-ray band and is consistent with a single power law (Gamma = 1.78) with very low absorbing column density of 4 x 10 to the 21st/sq cm. A model with partial covering of the nuclear X-ray source is preferred, however, to a simple model with a single power law and absorption. 34 references

  8. Extended Narrow-Line Region in Seyfert Galaxies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Congiu, Enrico [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “G. Galilei”, Università di Padova, Padova (Italy); Astronomical Observatory of Brera, National Institute for Astrophysics, Milan (Italy); Contini, Marcella [School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (Israel); Ciroi, Stefano; Cracco, Valentina [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “G. Galilei”, Università di Padova, Padova (Italy); Di Mille, Francesco [Las Campanas Observatory, La Serena (Chile); Berton, Marco [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “G. Galilei”, Università di Padova, Padova (Italy); Astronomical Observatory of Brera, National Institute for Astrophysics, Milan (Italy); Frezzato, Michele; La Mura, Giovanni; Rafanelli, Piero, E-mail: enrico.congiu@phd.unipd.it [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “G. Galilei”, Università di Padova, Padova (Italy)

    2017-10-24

    We present our recent results about the extended narrow-line region (ENLR) of two nearby Seyfert 2 galaxies (IC 5063 and NGC 7212) obtained by modeling the observed line profiles and spectra with composite models (photoionization+shocks) in the different regions surrounding the AGN. Then, we compare the Seyfert 2 ENLRs with the very extended one recently discovered in the narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxy Mrk 783. We have found several evidences of interaction between the ISM of the galaxies and their radio jets, such as (a) the contribution of shocks in ionizing the high velocity gas, (b) the complex kinematics showed by the profile of the emission lines, (c) the high fragmentation of matter, etc. The results suggest that the ENLR of IC 5063 have a hollow bi-conical shape, with one edge aligned to the galaxy disk, which may cause some kind of dependence on velocity of the ionization parameter. Regarding the Mrk 783 properties, it is found that the extension of the optical emission is almost twice the size of the radio one and it seems due to the AGN activity, although there is contamination by star formation around 12 arcsec from the nucleus. Diagnostic diagrams excluded the contribution of star formation in IC 5063 and NGC 7212, while the shock contribution was used to explain the spectra emitted by their high velocity gas.

  9. Constraints on the OH-to-H Abundance Ratio in Infrared-bright Galaxies Derived from the Strength of the OH 35 μm Absorption Feature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Myra; Veilleux, Sylvain; González-Alfonso, Eduardo; Spoon, Henrik; Sturm, Eckhard

    2018-02-01

    We analyze Spitzer/InfraRed Spectrograph (IRS) observations of the OH 35 μm feature in 15 nearby (z ≲ 0.06) (ultra-)luminous infrared galaxies (U/LIRGs). All objects exhibit OH 35 μm purely in absorption, as expected. The small optical depth of this transition makes the strength of this feature a good indicator of the true OH column density. The measured OH 35 μm equivalent widths imply an average OH column density and a 1-σ standard deviation to the mean of {N}{OH}=1.31+/- 0.22× {10}17 cm‑2. This number is then compared with the hydrogen column density for a typical optical depth at 35 μm of ∼0.5 and gas-to-dust ratio of 125 to derive an OH-to-H abundance ratio of {X}{OH}=1.01+/- 0.15× {10}-6. This abundance ratio is formally a lower limit. It is consistent with the values generally assumed in the literature. The OH 35 μm line profiles predicted from published radiative transfer models constrained by observations of OH 65, 79, 84, and 119 μm in 5 objects (Mrk 231, Mrk 273, IRAS F05189-2524, IRAS F08572+3915, and IRAS F20551-4250) are also found to be consistent with the IRS OH 35 μm spectra.

  10. Extended Narrow-Line Region in Seyfert Galaxies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Congiu, Enrico; Contini, Marcella; Ciroi, Stefano; Cracco, Valentina; Di Mille, Francesco; Berton, Marco; Frezzato, Michele; La Mura, Giovanni; Rafanelli, Piero

    2017-01-01

    We present our recent results about the extended narrow-line region (ENLR) of two nearby Seyfert 2 galaxies (IC 5063 and NGC 7212) obtained by modeling the observed line profiles and spectra with composite models (photoionization+shocks) in the different regions surrounding the AGN. Then, we compare the Seyfert 2 ENLRs with the very extended one recently discovered in the narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxy Mrk 783. We have found several evidences of interaction between the ISM of the galaxies and their radio jets, such as (a) the contribution of shocks in ionizing the high velocity gas, (b) the complex kinematics showed by the profile of the emission lines, (c) the high fragmentation of matter, etc. The results suggest that the ENLR of IC 5063 have a hollow bi-conical shape, with one edge aligned to the galaxy disk, which may cause some kind of dependence on velocity of the ionization parameter. Regarding the Mrk 783 properties, it is found that the extension of the optical emission is almost twice the size of the radio one and it seems due to the AGN activity, although there is contamination by star formation around 12 arcsec from the nucleus. Diagnostic diagrams excluded the contribution of star formation in IC 5063 and NGC 7212, while the shock contribution was used to explain the spectra emitted by their high velocity gas.

  11. FACT. Flare alerts from blazar monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorner, Daniela [Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany); Bretz, Thomas [RWTH Aachen (Germany); Collaboration: FACT-Collaboration

    2015-07-01

    One of the major goals of the First G-APD Cherenkov Telescope is the longterm monitoring of bright TeV blazars. For more than three years, FACT has observed the blazars Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 and a few other sources on a regular basis. To understand these highly variable objects, simultaneous data at different wavelengths are very useful. FACT is not only taking part in multi-wavelength campaigns, but also sending alerts to other instruments in case of enhanced flux, to study flares within the multi-wavelength frame. To send fast alerts, an automatic quick look analysis was set up on site. Once the data are written on disk, they are automatically processed, and the analysis results are published on a website where other observers can monitor the activity of the source in the very high energy band. In addition, alerts are sent in case the flux is higher than a certain predefined value. In 2014, more than five alerts have been sent. Results from three years of monitoring are presented.

  12. Parsec-scale jets and tori in seyfert galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, A. L.; Wrobel, J. M.; Wilson, A. S.; Ulvestad, J. S.; Norris, R. P.; Mundell, C. G.; Krichbaum, T. P.; Falcke, H.; Colbert, E. J. M.

    2001-01-01

    H. Falcke, T.P. Krichbaum, C.G. Mundell, J.S. Ulvestad, A.S. Wilson, J.M. Wrobel Active galaxies tend to be powerful or weak radio sources, and we still do not understand the underlying cause. Perhaps the engine is the same in both systems and the jet gets disrupted by dense interstellar medium in radio-quiet objects, or else the difference is intrinsic with jet power scaling with black hole spin. To distinguish, one can look for signs of interaction between the jet and the narrow-line region, and to measure the jet speed close to the jet base, before environmental effects become important. We find one-sided parsec-scale jet structures in Mrk 348, Mrk 231, NGC 4151, and NGC 5506 using VLBI, and we measure low jet speeds (typically = 2 × 105 cm-3 assuming a path length of 0.1 pc, typical of that expected at the inner edge of the obscuring torus.

  13. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Janika Kronberg, Rutt Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Tutvustus: Henno, Sass. Mina olin siin. 1 : esimene arest. Tallinn : Eesti Päevaleht, 2005 ; Kruusvall, Jaan. Sinetavad kaugused : valitud proosat. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2004 ; Hirv, Indrek. Klaaskübara all : [esseed]. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2004 ; Õudne Eesti : valimik eesti õudusjutte. Tallinn : Varrak, 2005 ; Ruitlane, Olavi. Kroonu. Räpina : Väiku Välläandja, 2005 ; Ehin, Kristiina. Kaitseala. Tallinn : Huma, 2005 ; Kivirähk, Andrus. Jutud. Tallinn : Eesti Kirjanduse Sihtasutus, 2005 ; Talvet, Jüri. Unest, lumest. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005 ; Künnap, Asko. Kõige ilusam sõda. Tallinn : Näo Kirik, 2004 ; Kaplinski, Jaan. Kaks päikest : teistmoodi muinaslood. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2005 ; Alver, Betti. Koguja : suur luuleraamat. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005

  14. Õpetajakoolituse ümarlaud / Inge Timoštšuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Timoštšuk, Inge

    2001-01-01

    TPÜ algatusel kutsuti ümarlauaarutelule kokku Eesti õpetajaid koolitavate kõrgkoolide esindajad eesmärgiga arutada õpetajakoolituse aktuaalseid päevaprobleeme. Esimene kohtumine toimus 20. apr. TPÜs ja oli pühendatud õpetajakoolituse õppekavade arendamise küsimustele Bologna deklaratsiooni valguses. Osalesid haridusministeeriumi, Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, Eesti Muusikaakadeemia, Eesti Põllumajandusülikooli, Tallinna Haridusameti, Tallinna Pedagoogilise Seminari, Tartu Ülikooli, Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli, TPÜ Haapsalu kolledži ja Rakvere kolledži esindajad. Teine õpetajakoolituse ümarlaud oli pühendatud pedagoogilise praktika ja stažööriaasta probleemidele ning mentorõpetaja rollile, toimus 11. mail TÜ-s. Kolmas kohtumine toimub 31. mail EMA-s arutamaks haridustöötajate täienduskoolitusega seonduvat

  15. "Üks mees nägi unes taevalikku õiglust..." : [luuletused] / Paul-Eerik Rummo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rummo, Paul-Eerik, 1942-

    1998-01-01

    Sisu: "Üks mees nägi unes taevalikku õiglust..." ; "Plangusakkidel rõhtne laud..." ; "Sünnipärane tarkus - täpselt niipalju..." ; "Kusagil tuksub süda. Ei kellelegi, ei millelegi..." ; Vaade ; Vihma maitsest ; *** ; Esimene vasikas ; Laul kohmakast kromanjoonlasest ; Mõistmisest ; "Ükskord ennepuiste oli kuningriik, kus kõik oli puust..." ; Mäng ; "Koer oli ketis aiateibas..." ; Hamlet laulud 1-2 ; Kaudu mu vaevakaskede ; "Ma seisan mesilastaruna..." ; "Me hoiame nõnda ühte..." ; "Siin olen kasvanud. Tasasel maal..." ; Ikka Liivist mõteldes 1-2 ; Palmipuud ümber istutades laulda ; "Jah ma nägin lumevalgust..." ; "Oo et sädemeid kiljuks mu hing..." ; Maarjaheina kõrreke

  16. Der Handgänger : [aus "Kaitseala" ("Schutzgebiet")] : [luuletused] / Kristiina Ehin ; tlk. Irja Grönholm ja Gisbert Jänicke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehin, Kristiina, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Luuletusi tsüklist "Kätelkäija", kogumikust Kaitseala : Mohni 2004-2005 (Tallinn : Huma, 2005). Sisu: Der Handgänger ; "draussen ist üppiger juli..." ; "ich menschliche hülle keuche über die erde..." ; "die einsamen waldseen..." ; "wieso finden wir zueinander..." ; "die erste rätsel betrifft die wahrnehmung..." ; "die uhr schlägt für dich ind für mich die stunde des abschieds..." ; weisen, die mein herz dahintrugen 1.-2. Orig.: Kätelkäija ; "väljas on lopsakas juuli..." ; "ihulise inimesena hingeldan mööda maad..." ; "üksildased metsajärved..." ; "miks jõuame teineteiseni..." ; "esimene mõistatus puudutab taju..." ; "kell lööb minu ja sinu siit lahkumise tundi..." ; viisid mis viisid mu südame 1.-2.

  17. Eesti Ekspressi singel 2. Eesti Ekspressi singel 3

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Koos 30. okt. Eesti Ekspressiga ilmub tänavuse Superstaari konkurssi võitja Jana Kase esimene singel, rock-lugu "Leaving You For Me" (loonud Rootsis tegutsev laulukirjutajate-produtsentide tiim Tony Malm, Per Eklund, Fredrik Björk ja Martin Kesici, produtseerinud Alar Kotkas, Ilmar Laisaar, Pearu Paulus). 6. nov. ilmuva ajalehe vahel on metal-bändi Metsatöll singel "Merehunt" lisalooga "Alle-aa". Kõik singlid mängitakse ette Ekspressi raadiosaates "Magneet" neljapäeviti Kuku raadios algusega kell 13.00 ning kõik artistid esinevad singli ilmumispäeva õhtul telesaates "Värske Ekspress" neljapäeviti TV3-s algusega 21.30

  18. Граф Людвиг Август Меллин — друг крестьян и эстофил / Индрек Юрьо

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Юрьо, Индрек, 1956-2009

    2006-01-01

    Mellini haridusteest ja Euroopa-reisist, tema reformaatorlikust aktiivsusest ja suhtumisest talupoegadesse. Mellini isikukirjeldus. Tuntud kartograafina oli tal ka huvi arheoloogia vastu. Mellini eestlaste kui rahvuse kirjeldusest ja nende tuleviku nägemusest. Mellini kirjast eestlaste ja lätlaste saksastamise kohta ja tema täiendustest krahv de Brai raamatule Baltimaade ajaloost. Mellini suhtumisest hernhuutlusesse. Krahv Mellin oli aastatel 1783-1786 Riia kreisi kreisipeamees ja -kohtunik, 1797-1818 osales aktiivselt 19. sajandi esimeste kümnendite agraarreformides, tema isa Carl Johann von Mellin oli esimene mõisnik Läänemere provintsides, kes umbes 18. sajandi keskpaiku andis oma Tuhala mõisa talupoegadele välja eraõiguse

  19. "Kus sa oled mu võluratsu..." : [luuletused] / Mõkola Vingranovski ; tlk. Harald Rajamets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vingranovski, Mõkola

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "Kus sa oled mu võluratsu..." ; Ja rahvas on... ; "Oled rada, mu armsam..." ; "Sa oled siin! Mu armastus, mu lumm..." ; "Me ahvatluste aastad, albid aastad..." ; "Mul juba siis, kui oli kevad veel..." ; "Nüüd tõuse, kalur! Kustumas on tähed..." ; Meresügisel ; "Kauss hirsiputru, õilmelend..." ; "Õde võõpab aias õunapuid..." ; Esimene hälilaul ; "Noor tüdruk, alles laps. Ei kõnni kikivarvul..." ; "Ülal künka peal seisis päike..." ; "Jäid suve lõpul tuhmiks puud..." ; "Nüüd hakkab lumesadu, nüüd..." ; "Lumehämarus, hall nagu hall..." ; "Tüüpõllu aur on jäärakute kohal..." ; "Parv linde kriiskab salu kohal..." ; "Põld kuivi maisivarsi täis..." ; Haiavata

  20. Õpetamine kõrgkoolis / Marge Kõrvits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrvits, Marge

    2001-01-01

    6.-14. aug. 2001 toimus Tartus esimene osa suveülikoolist "Õpetamine kõrgkoolis". Peakorraldajaks oli Tartu Ülikooli avatud ülikool koostöös Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooliga, eesmärgiks õppejõudude täienduskoolitus. Aktiivõpet, rühmatööd, vastava koolituse kavandmist ja hindamist tutvustas Jude Carroll (Oxford Brooke University), aktiivõppe tutvustamist jätkas Kristi Lonka (Helsingi Ülikool), kaugkoolituse mudelitest, telekonverentsidest ja e-õppest rääkis Taani Kaugkoolitusliidu president J℗ırgen Bang (Aarhusì Ülikool), avaliku kõne olemust lahkas Tõnu Lehtsaar (TÜ)