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Sample records for erich vogt pac-rep-08-03-05

  1. Vogt koyanagi harada syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amin S

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of Vogt Koyanagi Harada syndrome is reported. The depigmented macules appeared initially over eyebrows and around both eyes after an episode of fever and then rapidly involved almost the entire body within 6 months.

  2. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Du, Liping; Kijlstra, Aize; Yang, Peizeng

    2016-01-01

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is one of the major vision-threatening diseases in certain populations, such as Asians, native Americans, Hispanics and Middle Easterners. It is characterized by bilateral uveitis that is frequently associated with neurological (meningeal), auditory, and

  3. [Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnet, C; Daudin, J-B; Monnet, D; Brézin, A

    2017-06-01

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is defined as a severe bilateral, chronic granulomatous panuveitis associated with serous retinal detachments, disk edema, and vitritis, with central nervous system, auditory, and integumentary manifestations. It is an autoimmune inflammatory condition mediated by T cells that target melanocytes in individuals genetically susceptible to the disease. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease presents clinically in 4 different phases: prodromal, acute inflammatory, chronic, and recurrent, with extraocular manifestations including headache, meningitis, hearing loss, poliosis, and vitiligo. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) allows earlier diagnosis of VKH disease by revealing heterogeneous exudative detachments of the retina in the acute stage and choroidal thickening, and by demonstrating choroidal thinning in the chronic stage. Treatment of this disease is initially with intravenous corticosteroids, with, if needed, a transition to immunosuppressant drugs for long-term control. Patients with VKH disease can have good final visual outcomes if treated promptly and aggressively. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  4. Prof. Oscar Vogt (1927 - 2014)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wachter, Peter

    2014-01-01

    On 21st. Jan. 2014 Oscar Vogt left us. Born in 1927, he lived a long and fulfilling life. One of us (PW) first met Oscar Vogt and his wife Ditta in 1962, when we both investigated in the Laboratorium für Festkörperphysik of ETH Zürich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) the magnetic properties of rare-earth compounds. Oscar was a son of the owner of Vogt and Co. (VoCo), a wire-fabrication company, which could also make exotic wires like tungsten. He received his PhD at ETH Zürich with Prof G. Busch, who When his father died in the 1970s, Oscar faced a choice – physics or the family business. He managed both! Every Monday he spent in the Institute, and with his competent technical assistant Kurt Mattenberger, grew large and welldefined single crystals of rare-earth compounds and investigated their magnetic properties. The production of crystals was especially challenging as these compounds melt only near 2000 °C, and special tungsten crucibles had to be maintained at g , mentioned that he was the only graduate student not asking for payment. He enjoyed interesting hobbies and was much involved in cultural activities. He engaged himself with great enthusiasm, initially in the research of rareearth compounds, and then later in the actinides.We had a long-lasting and fruitful friendship

  5. Herkki-Erich Merila teel tagasi klassikalise foto juurde / Herkki-Erich Merila ; intervjueerinud Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merila, Herkki-Erich, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Fotograaf Herkki-Erich Merila endast, oma loomingust, huvist inimese pildistamise vastu, koostööst Peeter Lauritsaga, 1980-ndate lõpu ja 1990-ndate alguse eesti fotograafiast, moe-, reklaami- ja digitaalfotograafiast, heast modellist, viimastest kunstielamustest jm. Herkki-Erich Merila näitus "Objects of Timeless II" klubis "Shah", avatud oktoobri lõpuni

  6. Is it Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome?

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    Digambar Dashatwar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH syndrome is named after ophthalmologists Alfred Vogt from Switzerland and Yoshizo Koyanagi and Einosuke Harada from Japan. It is an uncommon multisystem disorder characterized by chronic, bilateral, diffuse granulomatous uveitis with associated dermatological, neurological and auditory manifestations. It is an autoimmune disease directed against melanocytes. We report a case presenting with vitiligo, auditory defect with additional dextrocardia.

  7. Erich Fromm e a arte de amar

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    Vinícius Bezerra

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo se ocupa das questões amorosas a partir do pensamento de Erich Fromm. A concepção frommiana do amor é apresentada considerando a necessidade de uma teoria do homem para compreendê-la. Além disso, aponta-se a condição de existência do amor no capitalismo moderno, isto é, o processo de desintegração que este sofre na sociedade alienada.

  8. Édipo revisto por Erich Fromm

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    Adalberto Tripicchio

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available

    O artigo apresenta a revisão de Erich Fromm a respeito do Mito de Rei Édipo e do complexo de Édipo, mostrando sua interpretação divergente da de Freud e suas críticas. A conclusão é de que a abordagem de Freud é um produto social que será superado com a instauração de uma sociedade mais humana.

  9. Association of Vogt Koyanagi Harada Syndrome and Seronegative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Association of Vogt Koyanagi Harada Syndrome and Seronegative Rheumatoid Arthritis. Teoman Aydin, Ozgur Taspinar, Meryem Guneser, Yasar Keskin. Abstract. Background: Vogt Koyanagi Harada (VKH) Syndrome is a rarely-seen multi-systemic, autoimmune and inflammatory disease. It observed frequently with ...

  10. A. E. van Vogt: In Search of Meaning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, H. L.

    A general semantics perspective of science fiction writer A. E. van Vogt is presented in this paper. The first major section of the paper contains a biographical sketch of van Vogt and traces the influence of A. Korzybski's work on general semantics, "Science and Sanity," on his writing, while the second major section provides an…

  11. Book Review of Love Story Written by Erich Segal

    OpenAIRE

    Handayani, Candra

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the writer will analyze the novel Love Story by Erich Segal by using the intrinsic theories. The purposes of this study are to analyze the main characters and toreveal the strengths and the weaknesses of Erich Segal‟s Love Story. Love Story tells aromantic story of two main characters, Oliver Barret IV and Jennifer Cavileri who arefrom different social and culture background. Although Love Story has some weaknesses,the strengths of this novel make it still be recommended to be ...

  12. News Focus: NSF Director Erich Bloch Discusses Foundation's Problems, Outlook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1987

    1987-01-01

    Relates the comments offered in an interview with Erich Bloch, the National Science Foundation (NSF) Director. Discusses issues related to NSF and its funding, engineering research centers, involvement with industry, concern for science education, computer centers, and its affiliation with the social sciences. (ML)

  13. Síndrome de Vogt Koyanagi Harada

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    Brunilda de los Angeles Aveleira Ortiz

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 28 años de edad, con síndrome de Vogt Koyanagi Harada (SVKH, con síntomas acompañantes de dolor ocular, cefalea y disminución de la visión en ambos ojos y con signos de hipoacusia e irritación meníngea. Se encontró en ella panuveítis granulomatosa bilateral. Más tarde desarrolló presión intraocular alta y síntomas de diabetes secundaria al tratamiento con esteroides. Por esta razón el tratamiento inicial fue cambiado a inmunosupresores. La alta presión intraocular fue controlada con timolol 0,5% tópico. La ciclosporina A mostró buena eficacia clínica y remisión de la inflamación ocular. Pacientes con intolerancia y/o resistencia a los esteroides requieren inmunosupresores

  14. Marx and Freud in Erich Fromm reading: some notes

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    Henrique Bisetto

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical apparatus used by Erich Fromm on his analysis of contemporary society is based on two main sources: Marx and Freud. The approach of these different chains of thought also happened with the critical theorists of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Frankfurt, as Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno and Herbert Marcuse. Erich Fromm was member of the Institute, where he contributed decisively to the convergence of psychoanalysis and Marxism in the early years of this institution. Afterwards, he breaks his ties with the Institute and develops an original analysis of contemporary society, with the main theoretical framework being a singular way of reading the works of Marx and Freud.

  15. Sindrome de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada: relato de dois casos

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    Paulo E. Marchiori

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Os autores relatam a síndrome de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada em duas mulheres adultas e de cor parda. São discutidos os aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos, heredofamiliares e imunológicos.

  16. A. E. van Vogt's "Unreality" and Formula Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, H. L.

    A. E. van Vogt's theory of "unreality" explains in part how he has become so prolific in a literary genre--science fiction/science fantasy--which only recently has experienced a rise in popularity. His theory states that the science fictional sentence must have in it something that requires a contribution from the reader. If the author…

  17. The main elements of Erich Fromm's humane ethic

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    Redžić Saduša

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Erich Fromm contributed to social science mostly by his detailed theory of social character. Besides, he was interested in ethics. Even more - considering Fromm, human nature is strictly connected with ethics. He asks if there is foundation to establish some universal, absolute ethic? What is authority, and is there a connection between authority and ethics, and humanity and ethics? Is character of any relevance to ethics? Is human good or bad? What is the connection between human nature and social value? Fromm defines terms clearly, and this paper is brief introduction to those terms and to answers that Fromm gave to upper questions.

  18. Advances in treatment of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome

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    Guo Huang

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada(VKHsyndrome is an autoimmune disease attacking against pigmented cells, resulting in blindness and usually affecting multiple organs including ears, meninges, hair and skin. Correct diagnosis and immediate treatment in the early stage is vital to visual prognosis. Currently, corticosteroids is first-line drug. In addition, VKH patients refractory to corticosteroids can choose other treatment such as immunosuppressive agents and biological agents.

  19. Field Marshal Erich Von Manstein and the Operational Art at the Battle of Kharkov

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Thompson, Thomas

    2000-01-01

    Field Marshal Erich von Manstein was one of Hitler's most competent generals. He was a master of maneuver warfare who orchestrated the counterattacks of Germany's Army Group South during the Winter Campaign of 1942-43...

  20. Applicability of the 2001 revised diagnostic criteria in Brazilian Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardoso, Isabel Habeyche; Zajdenweber, Moysés Eduardo; Muccioli, Cristina; Fimamor, Luciana Peixoto; Belfort, Rubens

    2008-01-01

    To determine the applicability of the international revised diagnostic criteria for Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. Retrospective study. Medical charts of 140 patients with the diagnosis of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, from the Uveitis Sector of the Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP), were revised and classified following the revised diagnostic criteria. Of the 140 patients, 12.85% fulfilled the criteria for complete disease, 29.28% incomplete disease, 28.57% "probable" Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease and 28.27% were considered not Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. The authors consider that the international revised diagnostic criteria have good applicability and are very useful to help in the diagnosis of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease.

  1. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perez, N.P.

    1994-01-01

    A 31-year old Filipino male presented with bifrontal throbbing headache and blurring of vision of 2 weeks duration. He was initially seen by an internist who considered a space occupying lesion based on the signs and symptoms and on his funduscopic findings of beginning papilledema. CT scan ruled out the presence of a tumor and he was then referred to the Opthamology Department. Ocular findings revealed bilateral panuveitis with retinal detachment of the left eye. A diagnosis of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome was made and therapy with high dose systemic prednisolone was instituted which resulted in rapid improvement and the attainment of a good visual activity. (author). 3 refs.; 1 fig

  2. Erich Regener and the ionisation maximum of the atmosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, P.; Watson, A. A.

    2014-12-01

    In the 1930s the German physicist Erich Regener (1881-1955) did important work on the measurement of the rate of production of ionisation deep under water and in the atmosphere. Along with one of his students, Georg Pfotzer, he discovered the altitude at which the production of ionisation in the atmosphere reaches a maximum, often, but misleadingly, called the Pfotzer maximum. Regener was one of the first to estimate the energy density of cosmic rays, an estimate that was used by Baade and Zwicky to bolster their postulate that supernovae might be their source. Yet Regener's name is less recognised by present-day cosmic ray physicists than it should be, largely because in 1937 he was forced to take early retirement by the National Socialists as his wife had Jewish ancestors. In this paper we briefly review his work on cosmic rays and recommend an alternative naming of the ionisation maximum. The influence that Regener had on the field through his son, his son-in-law, his grandsons and his students, and through his links with Rutherford's group in Cambridge, is discussed in an appendix. Regener was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics by Schrödinger in 1938. He died in 1955 at the age of 73.

  3. Sindrome de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada: relato de um caso

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    José Geraldo Camargo Lima

    1978-03-01

    Full Text Available É relatado um caso de síndrome de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada que se iniciou por um quadro oftálmico inicialmente unilateral e, depois, bilateral. Um mês após o início da doença manifestou-se um quadro psiquiátrico tipo mania com fugas de idéias, euforia e diminuição do senso crítico. As alterações encontradas nos eletrencefalogramas e exames de líquido cefalorraqueano são analisadas. O caso foi seguido durante três anos e meio e apesar de ter sido submetido a corticoterapia teve má evolução do ponto de vista oftalmológico. Do ponto de vista psiquiátrico evoluiu bem. não restando sequela alguma.

  4. Enlightening City Childhoods: Walter Benjamin's Berlin and Erich Kästner's Dresden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lathey, Gillian

    2016-01-01

    Walter Benjamin, cultural critic and philosopher, compiled "Berlin childhood around 1900" (trans. Howard Eiland, 2006) while in exile from Germany in the early 1930s, filtering impressions of a privileged childhood through a politicised adult consciousness. Erich Kästner, journalist, poet, satirist and author of the children's classic…

  5. Twenty years after Erich Muhe: Persisting controversies with the gold standard of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jani, Kalpesh; Rajan, P S; Sendhilkumar, K; Palanivelu, C

    2006-06-01

    This review article is a tribute to the genius of Professor Erich Muhe, a man ahead of his times. We trace the development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and detail the tribulations faced by Muhe. On the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy, we take another look at some of the controversies surrounding this gold standard in the management of gallbladder disease.

  6. Twenty years after Erich Muhe: Persisting controversies with the gold standard of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Jani, Kalpesh; Rajan, P S; Sendhilkumar, K; Palanivelu, C

    2006-01-01

    This review article is a tribute to the genius of Professor Erich Muhe, a man ahead of his times. We trace the development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and detail the tribulations faced by Muhe. On the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy, we take another look at some of the controversies surrounding this gold standard in the management of gallbladder disease

  7. Diasporicità sull’esempio di Erich Auerbach in Gad Lerner e Miro Silvera

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, M.M.; Arts, Clemens

    2011-01-01

    A partire dall’esilio di Erich Auerbach a Istanbul dal 1936 al 1947, il contributo propone una riflessione sui concetti di diaspora e di esilio da adattare a due scrittori italo‐ebrei provenienti dalla diaspora orientale: Miro Silvera con Il passeggero occidentale (2009) e Gad Lerner con Scintille

  8. F-18 FDG PET findings for Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Hye Lim; Yoo, Ie Ryung; Park Sonya Young Ju [Dept. of of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of MedicineThe Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-06-15

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease is a rare multisystemic granulomatous autoimmune disorder affecting pigmented tissues such as the choroid, meninges, inner ear, and the skin. Neurologic symptoms are usually mild. Clinical manifestations include generalized muscle weakness, headache, meningismus, vertigo, decreased visual acuity, hearing loss and mental changes ranging from mild confusion to psychosis, hemiparesis, dysarthria, and aphasia. Seizures are very rare. We describe a case of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and software-fused PET-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease with seizure.

  9. F-18 FDG PET findings for Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Hye Lim; Yoo, Ie Ryung; Park Sonya Young Ju

    2017-01-01

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease is a rare multisystemic granulomatous autoimmune disorder affecting pigmented tissues such as the choroid, meninges, inner ear, and the skin. Neurologic symptoms are usually mild. Clinical manifestations include generalized muscle weakness, headache, meningismus, vertigo, decreased visual acuity, hearing loss and mental changes ranging from mild confusion to psychosis, hemiparesis, dysarthria, and aphasia. Seizures are very rare. We describe a case of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and software-fused PET-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease with seizure

  10. Twenty years after Erich Muhe: Persisting controversies with the gold standard of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jani Kalpesh

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This review article is a tribute to the genius of Professor Erich Muhe, a man ahead of his times. We trace the development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and detail the tribulations faced by Muhe. On the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy, we take another look at some of the controversies surrounding this gold standard in the management of gallbladder disease

  11. A Case of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome with Persistent Dyspnea Secondary to Laryngeal Edema

    OpenAIRE

    Dimosthenis Mantopoulos; Brad W. deSilva; Colleen M. Cebulla

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: We report a case of laryngeal edema associated with the Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome. Patient and Methods: A 32-year-old African-American female presented with a 12-day prodrome, including headache, tinnitus and shortness of breath, which preceded sudden photophobia and bilateral visual loss. Examination and clinical testing were most consistent with VKH, and the patient improved with intravenous methylprednisolone therapy. Results: The patient had persistent dyspnea, which wa...

  12. O ser humano da sociedade capitalista na concepção de Erich Fromm

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    Edmilson Ferreira Marques

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available

    A proposta deste texto é buscar na psicanálise pensada e desenvolvida por Erich Fromm elementos para se pensar o ser humano da sociedade capitalista. Erich Fromm, dentre a maioria dos psicanalistas existentes, desde Freud, procurou desenvolver suas pesquisas e reflexões a partir da “psicanálise humanista”, oferecendo, assim, recursos heurísticos fundamentais para se pensar a vida na sociedade. Nesse sentido, propomos analisar primeiramente o seu método de análise, a partir do qual acreditamos ser fundamental para compreender o procedimento teórico/metodológico que utilizava para pensar os temas por ele abordados, e, nesse sentido, encontrar o caminho a ser percorrido na busca em seu pensamento da seguinte questão: como abordar a partir de seu ponto de vista, o ser humano da sociedade capitalista? Enfim, propomos uma avaliação da própria teoria de Fromm, apontando suas principais contribuições.

  13. . . . und . . . Fried . . . und . . .: The Poetry of Erich Fried and the Structure of Contemporaneity

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    Nora M. Alter

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay looks at the poetry of Erich Fried in the context of tensions within contemporary cultural studies. Fried's contemporaneity is linked to his status on the margins of various cultures, media, and ideologies—thus making both his life and his works appear as exemplary paradigms for the postmodern condition, with its various theoretical celebrations of "exile," "border crossing," "transgression," "deterritorialization," and so forth. Yet, at the same time, seemingly in contrast with his labile identity is Fried's rigid Marxist political ideological core which surfaces in his political poetry. Focusing, in particular, on Fried's poems directed against the Vietnam War, this essay seeks to situate the tension beteen these two positions as a deep structure already in his work.

  14. Anarchism and homosexuality in Wilhelmine Germany: Senna Hoy, Erich Mühsam, John Henry Mackay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fähnders, W

    1995-01-01

    Homosexuality and its social and legal suppression were heatedly discussed in early twentieth-century Germany, including on the left. Among the anarchists, positions with markedly diverse forms of argument were espoused by such prominent advocates of individualist anarchism as John Henry Mackay and by others coming from the Bakuninist tradition, such as Senna Hoy and Erich Mühsam. Their writings evidence that prior to World War I and into the 1920s, German anarchists--especially when compared with the Social Democrats--intervened consistently on behalf of individual self-determination extending into the sexual sphere, even though an undercurrent of hostility toward homosexuals persisted within the leftist movement as a whole.

  15. Erich Fromm's Involvement With Zen Buddhism: Psychoanalysts and the Spiritual Quest in Subsequent Decades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roland, Alan

    2017-08-01

    The first section of this paper covers Erich Fromm's profound involvement with Zen Buddhism, culminating in his co-authoring the book Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis in 1960. It details why this was a groundbreaking endeavor, as it countered the pervasive psychoanalytic denigration of spiritual traditions, practices, and experiences. The second section describes the effect of Fromm's Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis on the author of this paper, as he came to clinical psychology and psychoanalysis from involvement in Indian philosophy. The third section is a case study of a spiritually advanced Hindu woman seen in intensive short-term psychoanalytic therapy in Bombay, describing the interface of the spiritual with psychoanalytic therapy. The fourth section explains what eventually led to a sea change in psychoanalytic attitudes toward spiritual traditions and practices, with a small but significant group of psychoanalysts becoming involved in one or another spiritual practice, and working with patients also so involved.

  16. El concepto de salud mental en la obra de Erich Fromm

    OpenAIRE

    Ubilla, Enrique

    2009-01-01

    La obra de Erich Fromm se destaca por una visión holística del Hombre. Una preocupación permanente en su obra fue superar el dualismo clásico individuo vs sociedad y desarrollar una visión integradora fundamentada en la relación dialéctica de ambos. El resultado de esto fue su teoría caracterológica con su concepto de carácter social por un lado; y por otro lado su concepto de salud mental. En su labor clínica enfocó su atención a los fundamentos primarios que leterminan la salud mental delHo...

  17. Reflexões sobre as implicações do conceito de liberdade em Erich Fromm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André de Melo Santos

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Erich Fromm foi um psicanalista que participou da formação da Escola de Frankfurt com o projeto de unir o materialismo histórico de Marx à psicanálise de Freud. Dentre os conceitos abordados por ele, o da liberdade é um dos fundamentais, ao postular a diferença entre a “liberdade de” e a “liberdade para”, sendo a primeira a liberdade existente na sociedade capitalista, uma pseudo-liberdade, e a segunda seria a realização da liberdade no sentido positivo. Contudo, devido ao seu humanismo abstrato e não perceber o papel da luta de classes no sentido da superação do capitalismo, elabora uma crítica contundente dessa sociedade, que, no entanto, se torna limitada.

  18. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease in a 9-year-old girl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lott Pooi Wah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Uveitis secondary to Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease is rare in children. To the best of our knowledge, this patient is the first reported case of uveitis attributed to VKH in a child in Malaysia. A 9-year-old girl complained of non-resolving painful red eyes bilaterally for 3 months. Anterior segment of right eye showed mutton fat keratic precipitates, posterior synechiae and moderate anterior chamber reaction. Anterior segment of left eye revealed mutton fat keratic precipitates, band keratopathy on peripheral 3 and 9 o' clock of the cornea, iris bombe, iris nodule and seclusio pupillae. Fundus examination of right eye revealed subretinal deposit at superior and inferior arcades with flat retina while left eye showed hazy view. Patient was then noted to have poliosis and vitiligo after 1 month from initial presentation. Mild cataract and widespread atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium accounting for the loss in vision remained. This case report is to highlight the importance of early recognition of paediatric Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada and treating it aggressively to prevent the irreversible destructive sequalae of the disease.

  19. [Anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm's ideas and social constructivism--hypotheses and thoughts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talarczyk, Małgorzata

    2012-01-01

    The point of the article is to analyse and reflect on certain symptoms of anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm's ideas and social constructivism. Contemplating the disorder in view of the philosophical ideas mentioned earlier, the author analyses such aspects of patients as: functioning on the verge of life and death, the paradoxical struggle to escape from freedom in search of independence, as well as various understandings and descriptions of anorexia in consideration of social constructivism. The author shares thoughts and poses hypotheses, trying to view anorexia in light of selected philosophical and psychological ideas, which in their general assumptions were not concerned with defining nor analysing anorexia nervosa. In view of Karl Jaspers' ideas, the author focuses on the so called 'limit-situations', in the ideas of Erich Fromm she takes notice in "Escape from Freedom" to new relations. Finally in the light of social constructivism the author focuses on the cultural context.

  20. Early treatment of simphysis mandible fracture in children 12 years old using Erich arch bar (case report

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    Syahril Samad

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Incidence rate of symphysis mandible fracture in children was about 15 – 20%. Boys are effected twice as frequently as girls. The pattern of craniomaxillofacial fractures seen in children varies with evolving skeletal anatomy and socioenvironmental factors. The treatment of pediatric maxillofacial fractures is due to physiological, developmental, and anatomical characteristic of children. Management of pediatric mandible fracture by anatomic reduction is combine with stabilization adequate to maintain it until bone union has occured. This case report is aimed to explain about the management of simphysis mandible fracture in pediatric using erich arch bar. A 12 years old boy has fracture in mandible due to accident with mechanisme the chin hit the touching motorcyle tank. Clinically, was a deformity at the anterior of mandible and malocclusion has occured. Patient also complaint a  pain with swelling and bleeding at the regio of fracture and lip. Suturing was done  in wound area intra and extra oral, followed by application of arch bar in maxilla and mandible. Control at the third day was found a vague fracture line in panoramic radiograph. Management of emergency trauma in oral and maxillofacial surgery was based on principle of ATLS was done in this case. Following treatment was application of erich arch bar for mobility reducing the fracture of mandible symphisis. Management of mandibular symphisis fracture in 12 years old children with full eruption of teeth has been given a good healing  due to the teeth  was act to develop retention and stabilize the erich arch bar. Management of pediatric simphysis mandible fracture for 12 years old children with full eruption of teeth using erich bar revealed a healed fracture.

  1. PDCD1 genes may protect against extraocular manifestations in Chinese Han patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meng, Q.L.; Liu, X.L.; Yang, P.Z.; Hou, S.P.; Du, L.P.; Zhou, H.Y.; Kijlstra, A.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: To analyze the potential association of programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1) with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome in a Chinese Han population. Methods: Three single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs), PD-1.3G/A, PD-1.5C/T, and PD-1.6G/A, were genotyped in 247 VKH patients and 289 age-, sex-, and

  2. Erich Fromm's productivity: creativity as exemplified by Joyce's blooming of Leopold and Molly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrell, Valentina

    2005-01-01

    According to Erich Fromm, the productive character expresses what he called the life force in ways that are, by nature, artistic in quality. His valuing of the vital and the artistic, fueled by this life force in our potential to be human, serves as the cornerstone of his model of psychoanalysis. Gilbert Rose, author of Necessary Illusion: Art as "Witness", also has identified the parallel between analytic and artistic processes, building on the assumption that the therapeutic alliance and the aesthetic alliance are one and the same. In elaborating this assumption and extending the parallel between Rose and Fromm, I draw the conclusion that the qualities of relationships have an impact on one's ability to express oneself creatively, to live an artistic life--that is, to live productively. Psychoanalysis is, in practice, a process that is artistic, creative, and re-creative in nature. To the degree that authentic expression of emotionally charged implicit knowledge of the ineffable (the emotional life that resides deep in the bodymind) results in transformation and healing, the process is artistic in nature. This process is exemplified by examining the life and literary creations of James Joyce, especially Joyce's characters of Molly and Leopold Bloom in Ulysses.

  3. Edward Said/Erich Auerbach: humanismo mundano e fenomenologia do exílio

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    Marcos Cezar Botelho

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Para Edward Said, o exílio e a migração são operadores de leitura caros ao pensamento crítico dissonante. Na perspectiva daquilo que chamo de uma fenomenologia saidiana do exílio, o lócus enunciativo do exilado é, para o pensador palestino, um estilo ético que implica numa posicionalidade diferencial indispensável para a compreensão crítica do mundo atual. Como veremos neste artigo, mesmo que os personagens conceituais do humanismo mundano de Said sejam, por excelência, filósofos, escritores e pensadores que experimentaram a condição de exilados, “perspectivismo do exílio” é lido, contudo, como o valor heurístico de uma posicionalidade crítica sempre fora do lugar e disponível até mesmo para aqueles que não experimentaram diretamente a migração e o desterro. Em outras palavras, este artigo procura comentar a releitura que o pensador palestino realiza, em Humanismo e crítica democrática, de Mimesis, de Erich Auerbach, propondo que o ponto de diálogo entre esses autores esteja na potência que migração e exílio desempenharam em suas trajetórias críticas.

  4. Islamist Suicide Terrorism and Erich Fromm’s Social Psychology of Modern Times

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    Emad El-Din Aysha

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Mainstream social science has struggled to explain the appeal of suicide terrorism to so many Muslim youths, relying as it does on standard socio-economic indicators and research meant to identify suicidal tendencies. The existential emphasis is missing. This commentary is inspired by the work of clinical psychologist Erich Fromm (1900-1980 and his investigation of the social psychology of modernity, as well as how this intermingles with existential fears related to mortality (death-related fears and the passage of time (the end of the world or apocalypse. Modernity, explained Fromm, makes one feel small, insignificant and isolated in the larger scheme of things. This demands a violent response, often involving self-sacrifice, to reassert the balance, which allows Islamists to take advantage of death-related anxieties and exaggerate the sense of confrontation with the world through apocalyptic prophecies. Current psychological research on death and studies of terrorism and religious extremism both confirm many of Fromm’s findings and expand on them. In this commentary I argue that the religion of Islam, far from being a source of suicide terrorism, has historically restrained both suicidal tendencies and political violence directed at civilians, but it is the slow yet sure encroachment of modernity that has eroded these theological and communitarian defences. Other problems, such as household politics, gender roles, and theological teachings concerning death likewise feed this process, as documented by Arabic researchers in contexts other than political violence.

  5. A case of vogt-koyanagi-harada syndrome with persistent dyspnea secondary to laryngeal edema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantopoulos, Dimosthenis; deSilva, Brad W; Cebulla, Colleen M

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of laryngeal edema associated with the Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome. A 32-year-old African-American female presented with a 12-day prodrome, including headache, tinnitus and shortness of breath, which preceded sudden photophobia and bilateral visual loss. Examination and clinical testing were most consistent with VKH, and the patient improved with intravenous methylprednisolone therapy. The patient had persistent dyspnea, which was out of proportion to chest CT findings and which was exacerbated during a recurrence of VKH. Flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy with stroboscopy revealed diffuse laryngeal edema. Symptoms were alleviated with breathing exercises. Several autoimmune diseases may cause diffuse laryngeal edema. In this case, VKH was associated with the patient's glottic edema and dyspnea. We recommend that laryngeal edema be considered in the differential diagnosis for patients with dyspnea and VKH.

  6. A Case of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome with Persistent Dyspnea Secondary to Laryngeal Edema

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    Dimosthenis Mantopoulos

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: We report a case of laryngeal edema associated with the Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH syndrome. Patient and Methods: A 32-year-old African-American female presented with a 12-day prodrome, including headache, tinnitus and shortness of breath, which preceded sudden photophobia and bilateral visual loss. Examination and clinical testing were most consistent with VKH, and the patient improved with intravenous methylprednisolone therapy. Results: The patient had persistent dyspnea, which was out of proportion to chest CT findings and which was exacerbated during a recurrence of VKH. Flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy with stroboscopy revealed diffuse laryngeal edema. Symptoms were alleviated with breathing exercises. Conclusions: Several autoimmune diseases may cause diffuse laryngeal edema. In this case, VKH was associated with the patient's glottic edema and dyspnea. We recommend that laryngeal edema be considered in the differential diagnosis for patients with dyspnea and VKH.

  7. Vogt Koyanagi Harada Syndrome mimicking multiple sclerosis: A case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algahtani, Hussein; Shirah, Bader; Algahtani, Raghad; Alkahtani, Abdulah; Alwadie, Saeed

    2017-02-01

    Vogt Koyanagi Harada (VKH) Syndrome, also called uveomeningioencephalitis, is a chronic disorder characterized by inflammation of the uvea, meninges, auditory system, and integumentary system. The association between VKH syndrome and multiple sclerosis (MS) has been reported only once in the literature in a patient who developed VKH syndrome after two years of the diagnosis of MS. In this article, we report a case who was misdiagnosed and treated as MS until she was proven to have VKH syndrome, and a diagnosis of MS was excluded. VKH syndrome is a systemic disorder that may present with clinical and/or radiological features mimicking MS. Applying diagnostic criteria is extremely important for confirming or excluding the diagnosis. Detailed history and physical examination are of paramount importance to score the final diagnosis. Rigorous search for red flags for both conditions is very helpful. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. [Clinical features, risk factors and progresses on treatment of recurrent Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, S S; Zhao, C; Liu, X S; Zhang, M F

    2017-04-11

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease(VKH) is a bilateral, granulomatous panuveitis associated with central nervous system, auditory, and integumentary manifestations. Clinically, VKH usually responds well to early aggressive glucocorticosteroid treatment and may be cured without any clinically significant sequelae. Some patients, however, may enter the chronic recurrent phase, which may result in marked loss of vision due to complications such as complicated cataract, secondary glaucoma and maculopathy. Recurrent VKH is mainly characterized by anterior uveitis associated with thickening of the choroid. Initial poor visual acuity, severe anterior chamber reaction, choroidal folds,rapid tapering of systemic corticosteroids or inadequate duration of treatment, and development of extraocular manifestations may be risk factors of disease recurrence. Prolonged glucocorticosteroid treatment has been suggested as effective strategy for recurrence of VKH. The positive effects of other immunosuppressive agents and biologic agents on treatment of chronic recurrent and refractory VKH have been gradually recognized by the uveitis community. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2017, 53: 317-320) .

  9. Vogt-小柳-原田综合征的眼底荧光血管造影分析%Study and analysis of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome by fundus fluorescein angiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹芳

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨 Vogt-小柳-原田综合征( Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome, VKHS )的眼底荧光血管造影( fundus fluorescein angiography,FFA)的表现及其临床意义。  方法:对VKHS患者16例30眼进行眼部详细检查,并行眼底彩色照相和FFA等检查。  结果:Vogt-小柳-原田综合征葡萄膜炎期的眼底表现为3种类型,脉络膜炎性渗出及渗出性视网膜脱离是视力损害的主要原因,而视盘水肿充血对视力损害较轻,且恢复较好。  结论:FFA的特征性表现对该病早期具有重要诊断意义。%AIM:To study cilncial features and significance of Vogt-Koyanagi - Harada syndrome ( VKHS ) by fundus fluorescein angiography ( FFA) . METHODS: All 16 cases ( 30 eyes ) of VKHS were underwent by detailed paysical examination. Then took colour photographs and examined by FFA. RESULTS:Uveitis stage of VKHS could be classified into three kinds of fundus appearances. The vision damage was mainly associated to exudation of choroidal vessel and exsudative retinal detachment rather than edema of optic disc which could achieve a better recovery. CONCLUSION: FFA is an important and valuable examination to diagnose the VKHS forepart.

  10. An existential criterion for normal and abnormal personality in the works of Erich Fromm.

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    Kapustin S.A.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This is the first of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal on the position people with normal and abnormal personalities take in regard to so-called existential dichotomies. The main objective of this article is to propose a new, existential criterion for normal and abnormal personality implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies, and, second, by particular aspects of the formation of this position. Such dichotomies, entitatively existent in all human life, are inherent, two-alternative contradictions. The position of a normal personality in its content orients one toward a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and the necessity of searching for compromise in resolving these dichotomies. This position is created on a rational basis with the person’s active participation. The position of an abnormal personality in its content subjectively denies a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and orients one toward a consistent, noncompetitive, and, as a consequence, one-sided way of life that doesn’t include self-determination. This position is imposed by other people on an irrational basis. Abnormal personality interpreted like this is one of the most important factors influencing the development of various kinds of psychological problems and mental disorders — primarily, neurosis. In the following three articles it will be shown that this criterion is also implicitly present in the theories of personality devised by Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, Carl Rogers, and Viktor Frankl.

  11. “YOUR P.C.W.” THE UNPUBLISHED LETTERS OF PAUL SCHEERBART TO ERICH MÜHSAM

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    Alexander N. Belarev

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The archive of a German writer and anarchist Erich Mühsam (1878– 1934 is a significant but “unexplored” part of the manuscript collection of the A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences. I publish three letters of a German science fiction writer Paul Scheerbart (1863– 1915 to Mühsam and a postcard that Scheerbart sent to a German writer Hans Heinz Ewers. The letters to Mühsam record negotiations with publishing houses in Munich and Berlin about the publication of Scheerbart’s manuscripts (1909. In the postcard to Ewers, Sheerbart writes about the progress in his work on the perpetual motion machine that he tried to construct in 1908–1909. The letters are published in German with Russian translation and commentary. The introductory article gives an overview of Scheerbart’s life and career, the specificity of his works, their problematics and poetics and especially focuses on Scheerbart’s epistolary heritage. These letters are the token of friendship and professional collaboration of the two writers that is reflected in their mutual work on the unrealized project of publishing a satirical newspaper “Vaterland.” The IWL archives contain the unpublished manuscripts of Scheerbart and Mühsam related to this project as well. The history and the structure of the Mühsam archive is another aspect covered in the introductory article. Both Erich and Zenzl Mühsam were victims of totalitarian regimes. Erich was killed by the Nazis and his spouse Zenzl spent many years in Soviet labor camps. The history of the Mühsam manuscripts became intertwined with Zenzl’s life. That is why the article devotes space to Zenzl’s biography and attempts to answer the following questions connected to the archive: how did the manuscripts get to the Soviet Union? Why is the archive uncomplete? Finally, I discuss the publication history of Scheerbart letters from the IWL collection. Keywords: Paul Scheerbart, Erich

  12. HLA-DRB1 among patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease in Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqniebi, Alia; Gaafar, Ameera; Sheereen, Atia; Al-Suliman, Abdullah; Mohamed, Gamal; Al-Hussein, Khaled; Tabbara, Khalid F

    2009-09-12

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is an immune-mediated disorder with autoimmune insult directed against antigens associated with melanocytes. The genetic predisposition among VKH has not been explored in Saudi Arabia. So, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1 alleles to VKH patients and to clarify the molecular genetic mechanism underlying the susceptibility or resistance to VKH disease. Genomic DNA from a total of 30 patients with VKH and 29 control subjects was extracted from peripheral blood, and HLA-DRB1 alleles were typed by polymerase chain reaction and sequence based typing (SBT). We found a statistically significant difference in the prevalence of HLA-DRB1 *0405 between the VKH patients and control subjects (p<0.05). Eleven out of thirty (36.6%) patients with VKH had positive HLA-DRB1 *0405 compared to two out of twenty-nine (6.9%) control subjects. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the HLA-DRB1 alleles *01, *0101, *0102, *0301, *04, *0403, *0404, *0701, *1001, *1101, *1112, *1301, *1302, *1303, *1501, and *1502 between the VKH patients and controls. Patients with VKH had significantly greater incidence of HLA-DRB1 *0405 when compared to age and sex-matched controls. Consequently, this finding suggests that HLA-DRB1 *0405 allele might play a role in the pathogenesis of VKH disease.

  13. A case of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease mimicking sympathetic ophthalmia

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    Syed Shoeb Ahmad

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available A 34 years old male patient presented to us on 15th February 2015, with complaints of mild pain in right eye and a foreign body sensation to the left eye, associated with redness, discomfort and blurring of vision with 4 days duration. There was history of a penetrating eye injury to his right eye 20 years ago. Examination showed bilaterally inflamed eyes. The right eye was going into phthisis bulbi. Fundus examination of the left eye showed blurred optic disc with hemorrhagic areas, macular edema and exudative retinal detachments. Systemic review did not show any gross skin changes, neurological signs or dysmorphism. He was initially treated as sympathetic ophthalmitis, but the history and examination noted that he had bilateral sensory neural hearing loss. Fundus fluorescein angiography showed that he had hyperfluorescent spots in the fundus. Thus, the diagnosis was changed to Vogt-Koyanagi- Harada disease. The patient was treated with oral steroids (1 mg/kg per day and subsequent follow up showed a marked improvement in the ocular findings.

  14. Gender Differences in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease and Sympathetic Ophthalmia

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    Yujuan Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH and sympathetic ophthalmia (SO are types of T-cell mediated autoimmune granulomatous uveitis. Although the two diseases share common clinical features, they have certain differences in gender predilections. VKH classically has been reported as more prevalent in females than males, yet some studies in Japan and China have not found differences in gender prevalence. Male patients have a higher risk of chorioretinal degeneration, vitiligo, and worse prognosis. Conversely, the changing levels of estrogen/progesterone during pregnancy and the menstrual cycle as well as higher levels of TGF-β show a protective role in females. Potential causes of female predilection for VKH are associated with HLA-DR and HLA-DQ alleles. SO, a bilateral granulomatous uveitis, occurs in the context of one eye after a penetrating injury due to trauma or surgery. In contrast to the female dominance in VKH, males are more frequently affected by SO due to a higher incidence of ocular injury, especially during wartime. However, no gender predilection of SO has been reported in postsurgical cases. No clinically different manifestations are revealed between males and females in SO secondary to either ocular trauma or surgery. The potential causes of the gender difference may provide hints on future treatment and disease evaluation.

  15. The Palisades of Vogt in Congenital Corneal Opacification (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nischal, Ken K; Lathrop, Kira L

    2016-08-01

    The purposes of this study are first, to determine if the palisades of Vogt (POV) are present or absent in cases of congenital corneal opacification (CCO) by using spectral domain ocular coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and second, in those cases already undergoing penetrating keratoplasty (PKP), to see whether the absence or presence of POV corresponds to re-epithelialization following transplant. This was a retrospective case review of 20 eyes (10 normal, 10 with CCO) evaluated with SD-OCT. The operator was masked to the clinician's assessment of the ocular surface. In those cases where the decision to perform PKP had already been made, the correlation between POV presence or absence and posttransplant graft epithelialization was determined. All cases were imaged without adverse event. Nine eyes showed some evidence of POV and corresponding vasculature. Eight of 10 affected eyes underwent PKP, and subsequently 7 eyes epithelialized and 2 showed some peripheral neovascularization. The one eye that showed no signs of POV was the one that failed to epithelialize. All control subjects had consistent and regular POV. Congenital corneal opacification is rare, and this study shows that at least some POV are present in the majority of cases of CCO. However, the palisades may not be entirely normal compared to age-matched controls. When there was absence of POV in a case of CCO, there was immediate and complete failure of epithelialization.

  16. Two cases of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada's disease in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oluleye, Tunji S; Rotimi-Samuel, Adekunle O; Adenekan, Adetunji; Ilo, Olubanke T; Akinsola, Folashade B; Onakoya, Adeola O; Aribaba, Olufisayo T; Adefule-Ositelu, Adebukunola; Musa, Kareem O; Oyefeso, Yele

    2016-01-01

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada's (VKH) disease has been reported to be rare in sub-Saharan Africa. Two Nigerians with the disease are presented in this report. The first patient, a 32-year-old pregnant Nigerian woman presented with a 1-month history of bilateral blurring of vision, persistent headache, and alopecia. Presenting visual acuity was 1 m counting fingers in both eyes. Examination revealed vitiligo and poliosis with bilateral panuveitis as well as bilateral exudative retinal detachment. A clinical assessment of complete VKH disease was made. The patient commenced systemic and topical steroids that resulted in remarkable recovery of vision and control of inflammation. The second patient, a 56-year-old Nigerian woman presented with severe headache, tinnitus, and visual loss in both eyes of 2 weeks duration. There was associated redness of both eyes and photophobia. Examination showed visual acuity of Hand motion (HM) and counting fingers at 1 meter (CF). in the right and left eye, respectively, with bilateral panuveitis and bilateral exudative retinal detachment. Subsequent follow-up showed poliosis, vitiligo, and sunsetting fundus appearance. The patient improved with systemic and topical corticosteroids. Developing a high index of suspicion is necessary in diagnosing VKH disease, even in sub-Saharan Africa. Prompt institution of appropriate treatment prevents blindness.

  17. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography: Employing a Novel Technique for Investigation in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannakouras, Panagiotis; Andreanos, Konstantinos; Giavi, Barbara; Diagourtas, Andreas

    2017-01-01

    To report a case of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease and describe the imaging findings by means of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Medical and ophthalmological history, ophthalmological examination, laboratory evaluation, B-scan ultrasonography, fluorescein and indocyanine angiography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed at baseline, as well as OCTA. A 50-year-old healthy female presented with decreased vision in both eyes. A Topcon DRI OCT Triton Plus swept source OCT system was used to visualize and evaluate the retinal and choroidal vascular plexus. Patchy and confluent dark areas in the superficial and deep retinal capillary plexus and choriocapillaris corresponded to areas of hypoperfusion, analyzed as areas of ischemia. VKH disease is characterized by ocular, neurological, and integumentary findings in its complete form. We present a case of incomplete disease in a 50-year-old female evaluated by means of OCTA which is a novel technique that provides depth-resolved images of the retina and choroidal microvasculature without dye injection that allows better visualization and detailed evaluation of the retinal and choroidal vascular plexus.

  18. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography: Employing a Novel Technique for Investigation in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease

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    Panagiotis Giannakouras

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report a case of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH disease and describe the imaging findings by means of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA. Methods: Medical and ophthalmological history, ophthalmological examination, laboratory evaluation, B-scan ultrasonography, fluorescein and indocyanine angiography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT were performed at baseline, as well as OCTA. Results: A 50-year-old healthy female presented with decreased vision in both eyes. A Topcon DRI OCT Triton Plus swept source OCT system was used to visualize and evaluate the retinal and choroidal vascular plexus. Patchy and confluent dark areas in the superficial and deep retinal capillary plexus and choriocapillaris corresponded to areas of hypoperfusion, analyzed as areas of ischemia. Conclusions and Importance: VKH disease is characterized by ocular, neurological, and integumentary findings in its complete form. We present a case of incomplete disease in a 50-year-old female evaluated by means of OCTA which is a novel technique that provides depth-resolved images of the retina and choroidal microvasculature without dye injection that allows better visualization and detailed evaluation of the retinal and choroidal vascular plexus.

  19. [Two cases of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease presenting shallow anterior chamber].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takemoto, Daisuke; Ijiri, Shigeyuki; Shimizu, Michiharu; Higashide, Tomomi; Sugiyama, Kazuhisa

    2015-05-01

    We report two cases of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH) in which shallow anterior chambers were improved after steroid pulse therapy. The patients were women aged 65 and 72. They had headaches, decreased visual acuity and shallow anterior chamber in both eyes. There was no inflammation in the anterior chamber. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) showed ciliary edema, ciliochoroidal detachment, and angle closure. One case showed high intraocular pressure (IOP), and a diagnosis of acute primary angle closure was made. Although cataract surgery was performed in the left eye, postoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) revealed serous retinal detachment in both eyes. The shallow anterior chamber and UBM findings were improved and serous retinal detachment disappeared after steroid pulse therapy in both cases. VKH may cause shallow anterior chamber and angle closure. The inflammatory changes of VKH in the anterior segment, i. e. ciliary edema and ciliochoroidal detachment, may exacerbate the shallow anterior chambers and narrow angles and result in an acute increase in IOP in eyes with short axial length. VKH associated with shallow anterior chamber may be misdiagnosed as acute primary angle closure. For differential diagnosis, examinations of the ocular fundus including OCT are useful.

  20. The association of systemic disorders with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada and sympathetic ophthalmia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Halafi, Ali; Dhibi, Hassan Al; Hamade, Issam H; Bou Chacra, Charbel T; Tabbara, Khalid F

    2011-08-01

    The aim of this work is to determine the systemic diseases and malignancy associated with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease compared to sympathetic ophthalmia (SO). We conducted a retrospective comparative observational clinical study where the medical records of patients with the diagnosis of VKH and SO from 1999-2009 were reviewed. The study was carried out at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital and The Eye Center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Investigators recorded the age, gender, history of trauma, associated systemic disorders, and ocular and systemic manifestations. Patients were examined by an ophthalmologist as well as an internist. A total of 316 patients were included: 256 patients had VKH and 60 patients had SO. The age range in the VKH group was 3-62 years with a mean age of 29 ± 13 years. The age range in the SO group was 4-90 years with a mean age of 36 ± 20 years. The mean follow-up period of patients with VKH was 58 ± 50 months and patients with SO was 61 ± 54 months. Out of 256 patients with VKH, there were 41 (16%) with systemic disorders. Comparatively, out of 60 patients with SO, no associated systemic autoimmune disorders or tumors were encountered. The difference between the VKH and SO groups was statistically significant (p = 0.003). VKH and SO are autoimmune disorders targeting melanin-bearing cells. Both diseases are characterized by immunologic dysregulation. We found a statistically significant association of systemic disorders and malignancy with VKH compared to SO. This finding may suggest that the two disorders may have different etiology with similar ocular and systemic manifestations.

  1. Macular Hole Associated with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease at the Acute Uveitic Stage

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    Masaharu Mizuno

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case with macular hole (MH associated with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH disease. A 71-year-old Japanese woman presented with visual loss and headaches. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA was 0.02 in the right eye (RE and 0.1 in the left eye (LE. The patient was diagnosed with VKH based on circumferential choroidal detachments, multiple serous retinal detachments, and optic disc hyperemia. The multiple serous retinal detachments improved with high-dose corticosteroid therapy and gradual tapering. The BCVA was recovered to 1.2/0.7 in the RE/LE. Six weeks after the initial administration of steroid, vitreomacular traction was found by optical coherence tomography in the LE, which progressed to stage 4 MH with the BCVA of 0.2 in the LE. Twenty-three weeks after the initial treatment, vitrectomy was performed with the standard surgical procedures, including inner limiting membrane peeling around the fovea and air tamponade. The MH was closed successfully and the BCVA was 0.4 in the LE 5 weeks after the vitrectomy. This is the first report of a case with MH secondary to the acute uveitic stage of VKH. Successful closure of MH was achieved with the standard surgical intervention for an idiopathic MH. To conclude, at the early stage of VKH, there is a possibility of MH formation due to the rapid progress of vitreous traction following the inflammation, and the surgical procedure could be effective to resolve this secondary disorder.

  2. Two moments in the recent history of biblical reading: the Bible as literature from Erich Auerbach and Robert Alter

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    Anderson de Oliveira Lima

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to the understanding of what is read the Bible as literature. We present two moments in the recent history of Bible reading that seem crucial to the definition of this form of reading. The two moments were the publications of two important works that approached the biblical texts from a literary perspective, differing from traditional approaches, religious and exegetical, and influencing the next generations. The first of these two works was Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature by Erich Auerbach, originally published in 1946, the other was The Art of Biblical Narrative by Robert Alter, original 1981. We examine some of the main contributions of these two authors for the Bible studies and try to demonstrate that there is a thematic dependence between their works, then list the main assumptions of this way of reading the Bible today, and defend the hypothesis that religious mediation still dividing the Bible studies.

  3. Benjamin Ortmeyer: Mythos und Pathos statt Logos und Ethos, Zu den Publikationen führender Erziehungswissenschaftler in der NS-Zeit: Eduard Spranger, Herman Nohl, Erich Weniger und Peter Petersen, Weinheim / Basel: Beltz 2009 [Rezension

    OpenAIRE

    Zimmer, Hasko

    2010-01-01

    Rezension von: Benjamin Ortmeyer: Mythos und Pathos statt Logos und Ethos, Zu den Publikationen führender Erziehungswissenschaftler in der NS-Zeit: Eduard Spranger, Herman Nohl, Erich Weniger und Peter Petersen, Weinheim / Basel: Beltz 2009, 606 S.

  4. Post chlamydial reactive arthritis in a case of Vogt-Kayanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH) with negative HLA-B27. An assocation of just coincidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Emad, Y.; Ragab, Y.; Rasker, Johannes J.

    2013-01-01

    Background Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome is a multisystem disorder characterized by granulomatous panuveitis with exudative retinal detachments that is often associated with neurologic and cutaneous manifestations. Aim of the work The aim of this case report is to describe a rare case with

  5. Inhibitory effect of Cyclosporin A and corticosteroids on the production of IFN-gamma and IL-17 by T cells in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, X.L.; Yang, P.Z.; Lin, X.M.; Ren, X.R.; Zhou, H.Y.; Huang, X.K.; Chi, W.; Kijlstra, A.; Chen, L.

    2009-01-01

    Cyclosporin A (CsA) and corticosteroids are extensively used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases including Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome. The exact immunosuppressive mechanisms of these drugs are not exactly known. Th1 and Th17 cells are important populations involved in autoimmune

  6. "The Freak of Nature": On Erich Fromm's Vindication of Binomial Sexuality and the Potentials of the "Homosexual Deviation".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, J Edgar

    2017-01-01

    As a Freudian revisionist and neo-Marxist, Erich Fromm (1900-1980) lessened the import of sexuality in the individual psyche but stressed the role played by the sex differential in the distribution of power throughout history and in the post-patriarchal form of matriarchy he envisioned. Seeking to reinforce the male/female divide and heteronormativity, Fromm outlined a "New Science of Man" that readily ignored not only the challenges posed to binary sexuality by post-Darwinian critical sexologies, but also the same-sex complexities evinced by key figures of his own cultural pantheon. Regardless of his declared pursuits, however, Fromm at times expressed insights suitable to undermine the cogency of his most cherished sexual convictions. As a tool for uncovering "indubitable commonsensical axioms" as sources of alienation, Fromm's conception of "idology" challenges his own sanction of sexual binarity and heterosexuality, thus facilitating an understanding of the individual's sexual difference as a unique modulation of male/female intermediariness.

  7. Enhanced Depth SD-OCT Images Reveal Characteristic Choroidal Changes in Patients With Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Mei; Liu, Qiuhui; Luo, Yan; Li, Yonghao; Lin, Shaofen; Lian, Ping; Yang, Qiufen; Li, Xiaofang; Liu, Xialin; Sadda, SriniVas; Lu, Lin

    2016-11-01

    To identify characteristic choroidal changes of patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease at different stages. Fifty-four patients with VKH in the acute uveitic or convalescent stages, 24 patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), and 54 normal participants were enrolled in this prospective, observational study. Enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography scans were captured for all subjects to allow for comparison of choroidal morphological findings. Numerous round or oval hyperreflective profiles with hyporeflective cores, corresponding to choroidal vessels, were observed in the choroid of control participants and patients with CSC; whereas the numbers of these profiles were markedly decreased in the choroid of VKH patients in both the acute uveitic and convalescent stages. A reduction in vascular profiles in the choroid is observed in VKH and may aid in the differentiation with disorders such as CSC. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2016;47:1004-1012.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  8. Βιβλιοκρισία:P. SCHREINER-E. VOGT(eds., Karl Krumbacher. Leben und Werk, München, Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Kommission beim Verlag C. H. Beck, München 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter PUCHNER

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Βιβλιοκρισία: P. Schreiner-E. Vogt (eds., Karl Krumbacher. Leben und Werk, München, Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Kommission beim Verlag C. H. Beck, München 2011 (Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-historische Klasse, Sitzungsberichte, Jahrgang 2011, Heft 4, σελ. 147, 5 εικ., ΙSBN 978 3 7696 1569 0.

  9. Retinal pigment epithelial changes in chronic Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease: fundus autofluorescence and spectral domain-optical coherence tomography findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos-Santos, Daniel V; Sohn, Elliott H; Sadda, Srinivas; Rao, Narsing A

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging allow better assessment of retinal pigment epithelium and the outer retina in subjects with chronic Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease compared with examination and angiography alone. A cross-sectional analysis of a series of seven consecutive patients with chronic Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease undergoing FAF and SD-OCT was conducted. Chronic disease was defined as duration of intraocular inflammation >3 months. Color fundus photographs were correlated to FAF and SD-OCT images. The images were later correlated to fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography. All patients had sunset glow fundus, which resulted in no apparent corresponding abnormality on FAF or SD-OCT. Lesions with decreased autofluorescence signal were observed in 11 eyes (85%), being associated with loss of the retinal pigment epithelium and involvement of the outer retina on SD-OCT. In 5 eyes (38%), some of these lesions were very subtle on clinical examination but easily detected by FAF. Lesions with increased autofluorescence signal were seen in 8 eyes (61.5%), showing variable involvement of the outer retina on SD-OCT and corresponding clinically to areas of retinal pigment epithelium proliferation and cystoid macular edema. Combined use of FAF and SD-OCT imaging allowed noninvasive delineation of retinal pigment epithelium/outer retina changes in patients with chronic Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, which were consistent with previous histopathologic reports. Some of these changes were not apparent on clinical examination.

  10. Outcomes of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease: a subanalysis from a randomized clinical trial of antimetabolite therapies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Elizabeth; Rathinam, Sivakumar R.; Babu, Manohar; Kanakath, Anuradha; Thundikandy, Radhika; Lee, Salena M.; Browne, Erica N.; Porco, Travis C.; Acharya, Nisha R.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To report outcomes of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease from a clinical trial of antimetabolite therapies. Design Subanalysis from an observer-masked randomized clinical trial for non-infectious intermediate, posterior, and pan- uveitis. Methods Setting clinical practice at Aravind Eye Hospitals, India Patient Population Forty-three of 80 patients enrolled (54%) diagnosed with VKH. Intervention Patients were randomized to either 25mg oral methotrexate weekly or 1g mycophenolate mofetil twice daily, with a corticosteroid taper. Main outcome measures Primary outcome was corticosteroid-sparing control of inflammation at 5 and 6 months. Secondary outcomes included visual acuity, central subfield thickness, and adverse events. Patients were categorized as acute (diagnosis ≤3 months prior to enrollment) or chronic (diagnosis >3 months prior to enrollment). Results Twenty-seven patients were randomized to methotrexate and 16 to mycophenolate mofetil; 30 had acute VKH. The odds of achieving corticosteroid-sparing control of inflammation with methotrexate were 2.5 times (95% CI: 0.6, 9.8; P=0.20) the odds with mycophenolate mofetil, a difference which was not statistically significant. The average improvement in visual acuity was 12.5 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters. On average, visual acuity for patients with acute VKH improved by 14 more ETDRS letters than those with chronic VKH (P<0.001), but there was no difference in corticosteroid-sparing control of inflammation (P=0.99). All 26 eyes with a serous retinal detachment at baseline resolved, and 88% achieved corticosteroid-sparing control of inflammation. Conclusions The majority of patients treated with antimetabolites and corticosteroids were able to achieve corticosteroid-sparing control of inflammation by 6 months. Although patients with acute VKH gained more visual improvement than those with chronic VKH, this did not correspond with a higher rate of controlled inflammation. PMID

  11. STAT4 polymorphism in a Chinese Han population with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome and Behçet's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Ke; Yang, Peizeng; Jiang, Zhengxuan; Hou, Shengping; Du, Liping; Li, Fuzhen

    2010-07-01

    This study investigated the association of rs7574865 polymorphism in STAT4 with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome and Behçet's disease (BD) in a Chinese Han population. Genotyping of rs7574865 polymorphism in the STAT4 gene was performed using polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphisms in 379 VKH patients, 366 BD patients, and 414 controls. Of the samples, 20% were sequenced to validate polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism results. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to assess the influence of the gender on the association of STAT4 polymorphism with BD. A significantly increased frequency of TT genotype of the STAT4 rs7574865 was observed in VKH patients (p = 0.013). GT genotypic frequency was significantly lower in BD patients than in controls (p = 0.003) However the significance of rs7574865 was lost in all tested BD patients when adjusted for gender (p = 0.775). A significantly lower frequency of GT genotype and a significantly higher frequency of GG genotype was found in male BD patients compared with male controls (p = 0.000458 and p = 0.009, respectively). Stratification analysis according to tinnitus, alopecia, poliosis, headache, and vitiligo for VKH syndrome and oral ulceration, genital ulceration, skin lesions and arthritis for BD failed to find any association between the tested single nucleotide polymorphism and any of the extraocular findings. Our results suggest that TT genotype of rs7574865 may be a susceptible factor for VKH syndrome in a Chinese Han population, and that GG genotype of this SNP may confer susceptibility in male BD patients. Crown Copyright 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. A study of KIR genes and HLA-C in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease in Saudi Arabia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheereen, Atia; Gaafar, Ameera; Iqneibi, Alia; Eldali, Abdelmoneim; Tabbara, Khalid F.; Adra, Chaker

    2011-01-01

    Purpose Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is a serious ocular inflammatory autoimmune insult directed against antigens associated with melanocytes. The repertoire of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) is known to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of various autoimmune disorders. Accordingly, we sought to determine the incidence of KIR genes and KIR ligand (Human leukocytes antigen [HLA-C]) interaction in a cohort of Saudi VKH patients and to compare the findings to normal controls. Methods A total of 30 patients with VKH and 125 control subjects were included. PCR using sequence-specific oligonucleotide primers were employed to determine the genotype of the KIR genes and HLA-C alleles. Results The frequency of KIR2DS3 was significantly higher in the VKH patients than in the control group (p=0.048). Two unique genotypes; VKHN*1 and VKHN*2 were observed in the VKH patients and not in normal controls. In addition, the majority of the VKH patients (82%) in this study carry Bx genotypes that encode 2–5 activating KIR receptors. The genotype Bx5 was found to be positively associated with the VKH patients (p=0.053). Significantly higher homozygosity of HLA-C2 was observed in the VKH patients than in controls (p=0.005). Furthermore, HLA-C alleles-Cw*14 and Cw*17 were significantly prevalent in the VKH patients (p=0.037 and p=0.0001, respectively), whereas, Cw*15 significantly increased in the control group (p=0.0205). Among potential KIR-HLA interactions, we observed KIR2DL2/2DL3+HLA-C1 to be higher in the control subjects compared with the VKH patients (p=0.018). Conclusions Our findings indicated that KIR2DS3 and HLA-class I alleles (-Cw*14 and -Cw*17) may play a role in the pathogenesis of VKH disease. Additionally, the predominance of KIR2DL2/2DL3+HLA-C1 in the controls may imply that this KIR-ligand interaction could possibly play a role in the prevention of VKH disease, or could decrease its severity. These observations may contribute to

  13. Anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm’s ideas and social constructivism – hypotheses and thoughts [Anoreksja psychiczna z perspektywy koncepcji Karla Jaspersa, Ericha Fromma oraz nurtu konstrukcjonizmu społecznego – hipotezy i refleksje

    OpenAIRE

    Talarczyk, Małgorzata

    2012-01-01

    e point of the article is to analyse and reflect on certain symptoms of anorexia nervosa in light of Karl Jaspers and Erich Fromm’s ideas and social constructivism. Contemplating the disorder in view of the philosophical ideas mentioned earlier, the author analyses such aspects of patients as: functioning on the verge of life and death, the paradoxical struggle to escape from freedom in search of independence, as well as various understandings and descriptions of anorexia in consideration of ...

  14. Management of a rare presentation of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency disease syndrome patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priya, D; Sudharshan, S; Biswas, Jyotirmay

    2017-05-01

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH), a multisystem autoimmune bilateral panuveitis with systemic manifestations, is uncommon in immunocompromised patients such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency disease syndrome (AIDS). We report a rare presentation of VKH in a 45-year-old HIV-positive female on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) who presented with a history of recurrent panuveitis. A diagnosis of probable VKH was made based on ocular and systemic signs and symptoms. She was treated with topical and systemic steroids with close monitoring of CD4 counts and viral loads. After inflammation control, complicated cataract was managed surgically under perioperative steroid cover. VKH in HIV/AIDS has not been reported earlier. This case shows that significant inflammation can be seen even in HIV/AIDS patients on HAART with VKH in spite of moderate CD4 counts. Management is a challenge considering the systemic risks with long-term use of steroids.

  15. In vivo imaging of palisades of Vogt in dry eye versus normal subjects using en-face spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.

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    Wajdene Ghouali

    Full Text Available To evaluate a possible clinical application of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT using en-face module for the imaging of the corneoscleral limbus in normal subjects and dry eye patients.Seventy-six subjects were included in this study. Seventy eyes of 35 consecutive patients with dry eye disease and 82 eyes of 41 healthy control subjects were investigated. All subjects were examined with the Avanti RTVue® anterior segment OCT. En-face OCT images of the corneoscleral limbus were acquired in four quadrants (inferior, superior, nasal and temporal and then were analyzed semi-quantitatively according to whether or not palisades of Vogt (POV were visible. En-face OCT images were then compared to in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM in eleven eyes of 7 healthy and dry eye patients.En-face SD-OCT showed POV as a radially oriented network, located in superficial corneoscleral limbus, with a good correlation with IVCM features. It provided an easy and reproducible identification of POV without any special preparation or any direct contact, with a grading scale from 0 (no visualization to 3 (high visualization. The POV were found predominantly in superior (P<0.001 and inferior (P<0.001 quadrants when compared to the nasal and temporal quadrants for all subjects examined. The visibility score decreased with age (P<0.001 and was lower in dry eye patients (P<0.01. In addition, the score decreased in accordance with the severity of dry eye disease (P<0.001.En-face SD-OCT is a non-contact imaging technique that can be used to evaluate the POV, thus providing valuable information about differences in the limbal anatomy of dry eye patients as compared to healthy patients.

  16. Response to Erich Loewy: commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomasma, David C

    1991-01-01

    The capacity to suffer, the vulnerability with respect to suffering, confers on all animals with that capacity (not just human beings) a prima facie right not to be caused suffering. Nurturing in order to stave off such suffering is the first act of the community toward the individual, primarily in infancy. Hence for Loewy, autonomy, the gradual growth of self-determination in individuals, is grounded in a broader moral commitment of the community, that of beneficence. This is the critical point in his argument, for it represents a wholesale critique of modern libertarianism. Libertarians, in contrast to Loewy's argument, seem to ground the nature of the community in the prima facie right of autonomy. For Loewy, the community not only has an obligation to refrain from harming individuals (nonmaleficence), but it also has an active duty to ameliorate and prevent, as far as possible, the suffering of its members. Thus, if there is a social contract, it is one of nurturing one another to overcome the vulnerability of suffering, not primarily one of protecting autonomy. This is most significant for clinical ethics as well. Once the primary obligation to ameliorate suffering is no longer necessary, when the individual loses or does not have the primary moral worth prompted by the capacity to suffer, then secondary and symbolic obligations emerge. Loewy is thereby able to suggest a "calculus" of moral worth, wherein our obligations to individuals in a permanent vegetative state or to anencephalics (almost always the individual will have lost the capacity to suffer through some cerebral event) must be weighed against other primary obligations. Although Loewy admits that grounding clinical ethics in the capacity to suffer might be "thin," it nevertheless prompts serious discussion about the nature of the "good" in good clinical ethics decisions.

  17. FGFR1OP tagSNP but not CCR6 polymorphisms are associated with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome in Chinese Han.

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    Xianglong Yi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms of the CC chemokine receptor 6 (CCR6 and FGFR10P tagSNP (locus close to CCR6 at 6q27 have recently been reported to be associated with the susceptibility to several immune-related diseases. This study was designed to determine the association of CCR6 and FGFR10P (tagSNPs with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH syndrome, an autoimmune disease directed against melanocytes, in two independent Chinese Han populations. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A total of 601 VKH patients and 725 healthy controls from two Chinese Han populations were genotyped by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was tested using the χ(2 test. Genotype frequencies were estimated by direct counting. Allele and genotype frequencies were compared between patients and controls using the χ(2 test. The frequency of the A allele of rs2301436 was significantly higher both in Cohort 1 and Cohort 2 as compared with two separate controls (P = 0.044; P = 0.049, respectively. The significance was lost after Bonferroni correction in both cohorts (Pc = 0.516; Pc = 0.392, respectively. The frequency of the A allele was significantly higher in the combined patient group as compared with all controls before and after Bonferroni correction (P = 0.005, Pc = 0.025. The genotype and allele frequencies of rs3093024, rs6902119, rs3093023 and rs968334 were not different between patients with VKH and healthy controls based on analysis either for both cohorts or for the patients and controls in total. Analysis according to extra ocular clinical findings including headache, alopecia and poliosis, vitiligo and tinnitus did not show any association of the five polymorphisms with these parameters. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the rs2301436 tagSNP of FGFR10P is positively associated with susceptibility to VKH syndrome in the tested Chinese Han populations. No association was found for

  18. Mycophenolate mofetil combined with systemic corticosteroids prevents progression to chronic recurrent inflammation and development of 'sunset glow fundus' in initial-onset acute uveitis associated with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu El-Asrar, Ahmed M; Dosari, Mona; Hemachandran, Suhail; Gikandi, Priscilla W; Al-Muammar, Abdulrahman

    2017-02-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) as first-line therapy combined with systemic corticosteroids in initial-onset acute uveitis associated with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. This prospective study included 38 patients (76 eyes). The main outcome measures were final visual acuity, corticosteroid-sparing effect, progression to chronic recurrent granulomatous uveitis and development of complications, particularly 'sunset glow fundus'. The mean follow-up period was 37.0 ± 29.3 (range 9-120 months). Visual acuity of 20/20 was achieved by 93.4% of the eyes. Corticosteroid-sparing effect was achieved in all patients. The mean interval between starting treatment and tapering to 10 mg or less daily was 3.8 ± 1.3 months (range 3-7 months). Twenty-two patients (57.9%) discontinued treatment without relapse of inflammation. The mean time observed off of treatment was 28.1 ± 19.6 months (range 1-60 months). None of the eyes progressed to chronic recurrent granulomatous uveitis. The ocular complications encountered were glaucoma in two eyes (2.6%) and cataract in five eyes (6.6%). None of the eyes developed 'sunset glow fundus', and none of the patients developed any systemic adverse events associated with the treatment. Use of MMF as first-line therapy combined with systemic corticosteroids in patients with initial-onset acute VKH disease prevents progression to chronic recurrent granulomatous inflammation and development of 'sunset glow fundus'. © 2016 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. Paths from Erich Fromm: Thinking Authority Pedagogically.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiner, Eric J.

    2003-01-01

    Drawing from psychologist Eric Fromm's work, this article confronts the relationship between individualism on one hand, and the ability for individuals to think collectively and transform social structures on the other. States that in this context, atomization becomes a dimension of both fascism and capitalism, one that positions freedom as the…

  20. Personality, temperament and character in Erich Fromm's theory

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    Redžić Saduša F.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The character of the man is the substitute for instincts that animals have. In reality characters are not found in pure form, as specified orientation, but as a mixture of types. The social character of Fromm has an ethical and heuristic importance. Human passions are rooted in character and are a way to give meaning to existence, to respond to the human existential situation. If we are not able to respond through the love, then, in the absence of, we turn to destructiveness. According to Fromm, the most important goal of society should be human development. He lays down a rational belief in critical thought coupled with love of life. Although the development of personality is largely determined by social structure, Fromm concludes it is not entirely passive, that a man has the opportunity, space and power to use his mind to react to the alienation and inhumane living conditions. Through analysis of the social character From is giving a kind of critique of modern, market-oriented society, based on the principles of humanistic ethics. .

  1. Konsep Manusia Menurut Erich Fromm (Studi tentang Aktualisasi Perilaku

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    Joko Wicoyo

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Jika manusia terpisah dari lingkungan keluarganya, jiwa manusia akan selalu berada dalam kesunyian dan selalu dalam keadaan terasing. Dengan keadaan yang dirasakan terasing, sunyi, dan selalu merasa kesepian tersebut manusia dapat merasa bahwa ia sudah lepas atau bebas dari ikatan emosional keluarganya.

  2. Erich Fromm: ke kořenům etiky

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    Pavel Žďárský

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Článek je zaměřený na Frommovu nenáboženskou, psychologicky pojatou interpretaci židovsko-křesťanské tradice o dvou cestách člověka. Jde o upravenou verzi článku publikovaného v e-journalu PAIDEIA 2/2005, www.pedf.cuni.cz/paideia.

  3. A new myeloarchitectonic map of the human neocortex based on data from the Vogt-Vogt school

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieuwenhuys, R.; Broere, Cees A J; Cerliani, L.

    The human cerebral cortex contains numerous myelinated fibres, the arrangement and density of which is by no means homogeneous throughout the cortex. Local differences in the spatial organization of these fibres render it possible to recognize areas with a different myeloarchitecture. The

  4. Rupprech Rohr, Einführung in das Studium der Romanistik, Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin, 1964

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    Žarko Muljačić

    1965-12-01

    Full Text Available U poslijeratno doba opaža se posvuda potreba da se studentima filoloških disciplina pruže upu te u struku koju su izabrali pa sli se tako i za pojedine romanske jezike i književnosti, i za romanistiku u cjelini pojavili u mnogim zemljama gel.je se ti predmeti uče i raznovrsni priručnici. Svima je cilj da, uz živu riječ nastavnika gornji o toj problematici nerijetko drže posebne kolegije, pomognu početnicima da se snadju u mnoštvu udžbenika i drugih knjiga te golemog broja znanstvenih priloga što izlaze u sve brojnijim časopisima u Evropi i van nje. Ako se zna da je preosjek znanja što ga tj.onose abiturijenti na ovom sektru opčenito niži nego prije tata, onda je shvatljivo da su neki autori takvih priručnika osjetili potrebu da svojim čitateljima pruže nešto više od šturih bibliografskih podataka. Stoga su mnoga djela preraslasažete, i te kako dobrodošle uvode u pojedine znanstvene discipline i njihove dijelove.

  5. Erich Frey and associates: a bold contribution to South African silver ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    He incorporated materials other than precious stones (such as wood and ivory) in his designs and explored these materials' natural form, texture and colour in composing their precious metal settings. By making use of semi-precious stones he helped stimulate the development of a gemmological industry in the country.

  6. De ethiek van Erich Fromm, een humanistisch appèl

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Santing, Eppinus Cornelis

    1984-01-01

    De probleemstelling die aan deze studie ten grondslag ligt. kan worden weergegeven met behulp van de volgende vragen: a. Welke opvattingen heeft Fromm omtrent ethiek ontwikkeld? b. Welke betekenis moet aan deze opvattingen worden toegekend? ... Zie: Inleiding

  7. Erich Fromm – Da psicanálise social à religião humanista

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    Ralph Gniss

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available A presente matéria descreve o desenvolvimento da proposta de uma religião  humanista a partir da análise marxiana e de um aprofundamento das teorias  freudianas em direção a uma abordagem de relevância prática

  8. „Parallel“ und „unabhängig“ – Erich von Tschermak-Seyseneggs Darstellung der „Wiederentdeckung“

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šimůnek, Michal V.; Hossfeld, U.; Mielewczik, M.

    -, č. 413 (2017), s. 155-162 ISSN 0369-5034 Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : Mendel * genetics * history Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings)

  9. Atheïstische religiositeit : Een pragmatische analyse in de geest van William James, Erich Fromm en Leo Apostel

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    Moer, Van Wim

    2012-01-01

    Atheïsme en religiositeit lijken elkaars absolute tegenpolen. Filosoof Wim Van Moer stelt deze intuïtieve, ook onder atheïsten wijdverspreide overtuiging ter discussie. Deze analyse onthult dat de religieuze ervaring niet verbonden hoeft te zijn met een geloof in een bovennatuurlijke entiteit of

  10. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, a rare entity in Spain: the challenge of worldwide immigration and globalization

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    Alberto Benavente Fernández

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada disease is rare, mediated by autoimmune melanocyte inflammation and facilitated by genetic predisposition[1-3]. The main clinical features include uveitis, meningitis, tinnitus and sensorineural deafness, and skin and hair depigmentation. It usually develops in four consecutive stages: prodromal, acute uveitic, convalescent, and chronic or recurrent[4]. In view of the first two stages, the differential diagnosis takes into account uveo-meningeal syndromes. Treatment is based on high dose corticosteroids. We present the case of a 14-year-old girl admitted to hospital with fever, progressive uveo-meningeal symptoms, and sensorineural hearing loss. After work-up, the final diagnosis of Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada disease was made.

  11. Loominguliste ja uuenduslike ideede rakendamisega seotud pinged / Maureen McLaughlin, Mary Ellen Vogt ; tõlkinud Tiina Nurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    McLaughlin, Maureen

    2000-01-01

    Selleks, et saaks toimuda tulemuslik ja uuenduslik aineõpetus, tuleb teadvustada ja ületada pinged, mis on seotud loovideede rakendamisega. Pingetekitajad, millega õpetajad uuenduslike õpetamis- ja õppimistoimingute rakendamisel võivad kokku puutuda, on järgmised : aeg, ainekavad, tekstid ja muud allikad, oletatav loovuse puudumine, ebakõla uuenduste ja reaalsuse vahel, õpilaste erinevus, tunni organiseerimine ja läbiviimine, hindamine ja hinnangu andmine, õpilaste usaldamine

  12. Retinal pigment epithelial changes in chronic Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease: fundus autofluorescence and spectral domain optical coherence tomography findings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos-Santos, Daniel V.; Sohn, Elliott H.; Sadda, Srinivas; Rao, Narsing A.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose To determine whether fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging allows better assessment of RPE and outer retina (OR) in subjects with chronic VKH compared to examination and angiography alone. Methods Cross-sectional analysis of a series of seven consecutive patients with chronic VKH undergoing FAF and SD-OCT. Chronic VKH was defined as during >3 months. Color fundus photographs were correlated to FAF and SD-OCT images. The images were later correlated to fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICG-A). Results All patients had sunset glow fundus, which resulted in no apparent corresponding abnormality on FAF or SD-OCT. Lesions with decreased autofluorescence signal were observed in 11 eyes (85%), being associated with loss of the RPE and involvement of OR on SD-OCT. In 5 eyes (38%) some of these lesions were very subtle on clinical examination but easily detected by FAF. Lesions with increased autofluorescence signal were seen in 8 eyes (61.5%), showing variable involvement of the OR on SD-OCT and corresponding clinically to areas of RPE proliferation and cystoid macular edema. Conclusion Combined use of FAF and SD-OCT imaging allowed noninvasive delineation of RPE/OR changes in patients with chronic VKH, which were consistent with previous histopathological reports. Some of these changes were not apparent on clinical examination. PMID:20010321

  13. STS-54 Physics of Toys

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Greg Vogt, NASA Headquarters Education Specialist, and Carolyn Sumners, Houston Museum of Natural Science, give an overview of the spaceborne experiments that will take place on the STS-54 Endeavour mission. Mr. Vogt discusses the objectives and procedures of the experiments, which are structured around using toys to show the effects of microgravity. Mr. Vogt and Ms. Sumners then answer questions from the press.

  14. Kehanarratiivid / Gregory Slick ; tõlk. Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Slick, Gregory

    2003-01-01

    Reio Aare, Toomas Kalve, Margot Kase, Herkki-Erich Merila fotonäitus "The Fragments of Silence: Meditative moments in contemporary Estonian photography" 10.-26. IV New Yorgi galeriis Annex. Kuraator Rael Artel

  15. Raamatud / Juhan Habicht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habicht, Juhan, 1954-

    1991-01-01

    Raamatutvustused: Beier, Priidu. Mustil päevil. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, [1991]. Ristikivi, Karl. Inimese teekond : luuletusi. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1991. Erich, Artur. Äike. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, [1991

  16. Conjugation-promoted reaction of open-cage fullerene: A density functional theory study

    KAUST Repository

    Guo, Yong; Yan, Jingjing; Khashab, Niveen M.

    2012-01-01

    Density functional theory calculations are performed to study the addition mechanism of e-rich moieties such as triethyl phosphite to a carbonyl group on the rim of a fullerene orifice. Three possible reaction channels have been investigated

  17. Zwischenberichterstattung nach Börsenrecht, DRS, IAS und US-GAAP

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarez von Zerboni di Sposetti, Manuel

    2003-01-01

    Zwischenberichterstattung nach Börsenrecht, DRS, IAS und US-GAAP / von Manuel Alvarez und Stefan Wotschofsky. - 2., neubearb. und erw. Aufl. - Berlin : Erich Schmidt, 2003. - XX, 219 S. [1. Aufl. 2000

  18. 24. IV avati Tartu Kunstimajas...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Vallo Kalamehe ja Peeter Linnapi kureeritud fotonäitus "XXL. Eesti fotoklassika". Osalevad Herkki-Erich Merila, Tarvo Hanno Varres, Peeter Laurits, Toomas Kalve, P. Linnap, V. Kalamees, Malev Toom, Madis Palm, Tõnu Tamm, Meelis Lokk

  19. Johann Georg Eisen / Indrek Jürjo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürjo, Indrek, 1956-2009

    1999-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Johann Georg Eisen (1717-1779). Ausgewählte Schriften. Deutsche Volksaufklärung und Leibeigenschaft im Russischen Reich. Hrsg. von Roger Bartlett und Erich Donnert. Marburg : IHerder-Institut, 1998

  20. Siidiid / Kreete Reval

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reval, Kreete

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Erich Krieger "Tere hommikust Eestimaa", Pet Shop Boys "Release", Ultima Thule "Kogutud teosed 1987-2002", The Gentle People "Soundtracks for Living", Cecilia Bartoli "Gluck Italian Arias"

  1. Mälestusi Walter Masingust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Erich Asumäe, Ahto Tihkani, Aivi Rossi, Aigar Saliste, Joann Lillemägi, Henno Viili meenutusi professor Walter Masingust, kes aastatel 1956-1959 oli EOQC-i (Euroopa Kvaliteedikontrolli organisatsioon) president

  2. A Critical Theory Perspective on Accelerated Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookfield, Stephen D.

    2003-01-01

    Critically analyzes accelerated learning using concepts from Herbert Marcuse (rebellious subjectivity) and Erich Fromm (automaton conformity). Concludes that, by providing distance and separation, accelerated learning has more potential to stimulate critical autonomous thought. (SK)

  3. Besseres Strafrecht?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Korzilius

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Rezensiertes Werk:Erich Buchholz, Strafrecht im Osten. Ein Abriss über die Geschichte des Strafrechts in der DDR (Edition Zeitgeschichte 37, Berlin: Homilius 2008, 661 S., ISBN 978-3-89706-857-5

  4. [Söejoonistused] / Jüri Marran

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Marran, Jüri, 1937-

    2005-01-01

    Jüri Marran on hariduselt füüsik ja kunstihariduse omandanud Melanie ja Erich Arraku ateljeekoolis. Lk. 1391 (Gravitatsioon), 1440 (Valgus), 1471 (Vastastikmõju), 1486 (Massenergia), 1519 (Valguse dualism), 1555 (Aja dilatatsioon)

  5. Plaadid / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2008-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Lightspeed Champion "Falling Off The Lavender Bridge", Sebastian Bach "Angel Down", Juanes "La Vida...", raadi Maria "Siin Tallinn", Erich Krieger "Live", Rock Hotel "Rock Hotel Rock Cafes"

  6. West German Rearmament: From Enemy to Ally in Ten Short Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    1%5. Foerster, Roland G.; Greiner , Christian; Meyer, Georg; Rautenberg, Hans-Jurgen: and Wiggershaus, Norbert. Anfange estdeuscher Sicherhei4oolink...New York: Simon and Schuster, 1972. Noelle, Elisabeth and Neumann, Erich Peter, eds. The Germans: Public Opinion Polls 1947 - 1966. Trans. Gerard...Norton and Company, Incorporated. 1962 Noelle, Elisabeth and Neumann, Erich Peter, eds. labrfuch der OffenBt/ichen MeinunvA 17- 19M Trans. Gerard Finan

  7. Quantum Phases of Matter in Optical Lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-30

    3.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 Tin-Lun Ho, Biao Huang. Local spin structure of large spin fermions, Physical Review A, (4 2015): 0. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA...APS March Meeting, 2013 Eliot Kapit , Erich Mueller, A Vector Potential for Flux Qbits, APS March Meeting, 2013 Yariv Yanay, Erich Mueller...34Bogoliubov- de Gennes Study of Trapped Superfluid Fermi Gas", Workshop on Mathematical and Numerical Methods for Quantum, Kinetic and Nonlocal

  8. Pärnu supelasutuse arhitektuurivõistlused aastatel 1922 ja 1925 = Pärnun kylpylän arkkitehtuurikilpailut vuosina 1922 ja 1925 / Inge Laurik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurik, Inge

    2004-01-01

    1922. a. konkursi tulemused: I ja II preemia - Erich von Wolffeldt, Aleksander Nürnberg, III - Erich Gramtz. 1925. a. võistluse tulemused: II - Aleksei Golubkov ning Arnold Maydell ja Kurt Baetge, III - Olev Siinmaa. Projekti lõplik väljatöötamine tehti ülesandeks O. Siinmaale, E. Wolffeldtile ja A. Nürnbergile. Tuntumad osavõtjad: Hilding Ekelund, Uno Ullberg, Alvar Aalto. Võistlustingimused ja konkursitööde nimekirjad toodud lk. 90-95, kataloog lk. 97-108. Bibliograafia joonealustes märkustes

  9. A renaissance for mining research in South Africa?

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Vogt, D

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Vogt_2011.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 45470 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Vogt_2011.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ? Copyright 2011, Australian... in the Strategic versus Tactical 2011 proceedings published by the Australian Centre for Geomechanics. Authors of the papers and third parties must obtain written permission from the ACG to publish all or part of these papers in future works. Suitable...

  10. Kongehuset som varemærke og nationalt symbol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn Sørensen, Anders

    2016-01-01

    Kongehuset er ikke bare et nationalt symbol. Det er også et varemærke, som der er al mulig grund til at beskytte og vogte nidkært over. Kronen har nemlig god brandmæssig værdi.......Kongehuset er ikke bare et nationalt symbol. Det er også et varemærke, som der er al mulig grund til at beskytte og vogte nidkært over. Kronen har nemlig god brandmæssig værdi....

  11. A Study of the Nearfield of an Excited Spherical Shell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-03-17

    sound field. This varying light intensity was recorded by means of a camera set at a long time exposure. The typical measurement time for one picture...Spheres in Water," J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 41, 380-393 (1967). 7. Dragonette, L. R., Vogt, R. H., Flax, L. and Neubauer , W. G., "Acoustic Reflection from...34 J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 50, 1334-1342 (1971). 34. Neubauer , W. G., Vogt, R. H. and Dragonette, L. R., "Acoustic Reflection from Elastic Sphere. I

  12. The modelling and design of radio tomography antennas

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Vogt, DR

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available , as are the in- terfaces between layers of different materials. By contrast, RT is a transmission technique. It can produce images of targets where there is no clearly defined boundary between the target and the host rock. Disseminated sulphide mineralization... stream_source_info Vogt_2000.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 311829 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Vogt_2000.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 The Modelling and Design of Radio...

  13. Inimeseksolemise võtmed / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Viiu Härm. Duubel kaks; Kurt Vonnegut. Titaani sireenid; Berendt, John. Südaöö hea ja kurja tundmise aias; Fern Michaels. Pühad; Erich Segal. Arstid; Maria Riva. Marlene Dietrich; Tiiu Põld. Märgitud mees

  14. Jackson, sportauto ja kinbaku / Kadri Karro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karro, Kadri

    2011-01-01

    Mari-Liis Laanemaa video- ja fotonäitus "Meel ja Michael Jackson" Tallinna Linnagaleriis 26. juunini. Fotograaf Herkki-Erich Merila näitus "Kinbaku" Haus galeriis 15. juulini. Austria kunstniku Klaus Waggeri rallimaalide ja Urmas Teearu kogusse kuuluvate mootorrataste näitus "Unforgettable Moments" Tam galeriis juuni lõpuni 2011

  15. Operational art in the Defense: The German Abwehrschlachten in 1918

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    Siegismund, 1937), 74. 21 Jacob Jung, Max von Gallwitz (1852-1937) (Osnabrück: Biblio -Verlag, 1995), 93 & 97. 22 Erich Ludendorff, Meine...Goerre-Verlag, 2003. 44 Jung, Jakob. Max von Gallwitz (1852-1937). Osnabrück: Biblio -Verlag, 1995. Kelly, Justin, and Michael J. Brennan. "The

  16. ANALYSIS OF INPATIENT HOSPITAL STAFF MENTAL WORKLOAD BY MEANS OF DISCRETE-EVENT SIMULATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-24

    ANALYSIS OF INPATIENT HOSPITAL STAFF MENTAL WORKLOAD BY MEANS OF DISCRETE -EVENT SIMULATION...in the United States. AFIT-ENV-MS-16-M-166 ANALYSIS OF INPATIENT HOSPITAL STAFF MENTAL WORKLOAD BY MEANS OF DISCRETE -EVENT SIMULATION...UNLIMITED. AFIT-ENV-MS-16-M-166 ANALYSIS OF INPATIENT HOSPITAL STAFF MENTAL WORKLOAD BY MEANS OF DISCRETE -EVENT SIMULATION Erich W

  17. Tõde jälitab meid kui vari / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2006-01-01

    Erich Maria Remarque'ist seoses romaani "Lissaboni öö" kordustrüki ilmumisega (kirj. Tänapäev). Raamatututvustused: Vaarandi, Debora. Aastad ja päevad : nooruselugu. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2006 ; Loosaar, Evald. Eesti mehe lugu. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Kangro, Bernard, Ristikivi, Karl. Kirjad romaanist : 31 kirja aastaist 1966-1977. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006

  18. Alatust ülevani / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Ayn Rand. Allikas ; John Updike. Gertrud ja Glaudius ; Lion Feuchtwanger. Jefta ja tema tütar ; Erich Maria Remarque. Jaam silmapiiril ; Philippe Djian. Betty Blue ; Paul Reiser. Kahekesi ; John Grisham. Firma; Dean Koontz. Hirmu pale ; Armastuskirjad / koost. Jill Dawson ; Roald Dahl. James ja hiigelvirsik ; Spencer Johnson. Jah või ei

  19. Council Session

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1977-01-01

    From face, 1st raw: Erich Lohrmann, Sergio Fubini, Léon Van Hove, John Adams (Directors-General), Paul Levaux (President of the Council) Hans-Otto Wüster, Franco Bonaudi, Robert Lévy-Mandel and 2nd raw, centre: Patrick Mollet, Eliane de Modzelewska, Jean-Marie Dufour

  20. Muusikamaailm : Weimari Riigikapell 400. Korngoldi mälestuspäevad Brnos. Ooperietendus taas Indias. Uusooperid laval Euroopas / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Weimari Riigikapell tähistab oma 400. aastapäeva. Brnos tähistatakse mitmete muusikasündmustega helilooja Erich Wolfgang Korngoldi mälestuspäevasid. New Delhi Siri Forti auditooriumis kõlab üle hulga aja ooper. Euroopa eri linnades toimuvatest ooperite uusalvastustest

  1. The Pleasures of Mud : Estonian Summer Resort Architecture / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Pärnu, Haapsalu, Kuressaare ja Narva-Jõesuu suvitusarhitektuurist 20. saj. esimesest poolest kuni 21. saj. alguseni. Arhitektide Olev Siinmaa, Anton Soansi, August Volbergi, Tõnis Mihkelsoni, Raivo Puusepa, Raivo Kotovi, Üla Koppeli, Andrus Kõresaare, ehitusinseneride Erich Ottingi ja Robert Ederma ning sisearhitektide Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla, Liisi Murula ja Raili Palingu loomingust

  2. B-2 Systems Engineering Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    of four small circles on the top view in front of the cockpit and on the bottom view engine bay doors. This air data system has no standard pitot ...Skantze, General, Air Force, Source Selection Advisory Board Chairman Erich Smith, Vought, Test Engineer, Systems Engineer, Chief engineer Henry

  3. Representing "The Great Devouring:" Romani Characters in Young Adult Holocaust Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean-Ruzicka, Rachel

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the representation of Roma-Sinti ("gypsy") characters in young adult literature about the Holocaust. It analyzes three primary texts: Jerry Spinelli's "Milkweed" (2003), Erich Hackl's "Farewell Sidonia" (1991), and Alexander Ramati's "And the Violins Stopped Playing"…

  4. Eesti saatkonna ehitamisest Riiga 1938. aastal / Karin Hallas-Murula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallas-Murula, Karin, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Riiga Eesti saatkonna hoone rajamise katsest. Välisministeeriumi poolt Aleksander Nürnbergilt tellitud eskiisist. 1938. a. korraldatud arhitektuurikonkursist ja selle tulemustest (I preemia - Erich Jacoby ja Hermann Berg, II - Herbert Johanson ja Lorenz Johanson, 1939. aastast Lorenz Haljak, III - Elmar Lohk)

  5. Fromm and Habermas: Allies for Adult Education and Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Ted

    2012-01-01

    The legacy of the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research has been a powerful force for critically understanding social reality. Erich Fromm was one of the early and best known members of the Institute. Fromm emphasised the centrality of culture and interpersonal relations in the construction of the psyche. The unconscious was not only the…

  6. Homer: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiner, George, Ed.; Fagles, Robert, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by George Steiner, Leo Tolstoy, Ezra Pound, Erich Auerbach, Edwin Muir, Cedric H. Whitman, Albert B. Lord, W. H. Auden, Ernst Bloch, Georg Lukacs, C. Day Lewis, Gabriel Germain, Franz Kafka, Rachel Bespaloff, Robert…

  7. Nigerian Veterinurylournul

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The cornea performs three main functions: protection, transmittance of light and refraction of light. (James, 2004). It is the most important refractive structure of the ocular surface for the maintenance of vision providing 70-75 % of the refractive power of the eye (Maurice, I985,. Erich and Nadja, 2005; Elnasharty et al. , 2009).

  8. PSYCHOANALYTIC INTERPRETATION OF JUSTICE IN CONTEXT OF PROBLEMS OF TECHNO-GENESIS (Part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. I. Mushinskij

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Carl Gustav Jung, Erich Fromm, Karen Horney, Jacques Lacan, Gilles Deleuze, Felix Guattari continue to develop a psychoanalytic theory of Freud under modern conditions. They investigate archetypes of unconscious which are linked with up-to-date conception of Justice. Ethics of psychoanalysis interprets the category of Justice from humanistic positions in the context of the techno-genesis processes.

  9. RECRUITS ARE REQUIRED

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    veldmaarskalk. Von Hinden- burg (1847-1934) word hoof van die generale staf van die Duitse veldleer, genl. Erich. Ludendorff ..... of the war - where today a white stone colon- nade of ... Oak het Leon Trotski (1879-1940) uit die vreem-. Scientia ...

  10. Future developments and applications of nitrogen-bearing steels ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M. Senthilkumar (Newgen Imaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    society in the field of materials and some recalling of basic properties and principles ... Environment-friendly technologies (safety in oil pipelines, oil exploration . ..... Vogt J-B, Ait Saadi B, Foct J 1999 Analysis of the fatigue structures in a duplex ...

  11. NJP VOLUME 41 NO 4

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. EZECHUKWU

    2014-07-24

    Jul 24, 2014 ... the hands and feet, with no family history of similar ... ferential diagnoses of pigmentary disorders in our envi- ronment. .... autism, urticaria, mood disorder, β thalassemia and poly- dactyly4,6 ... Pföhler C, Vogt T. The spectrum.

  12. quantity and quality of litterfall in pure pine and pine/gmelina mixed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KOME

    The quantity and nutrient composition of litterfall varies between tree species, ... quality in these plantations particularly in the south eastern part have not ... Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN), Abia State, Nigeria that .... litter than deciduous vegetation (Vogt et al., 1986; Bray and .... Reiners, W. A. and Lang, G. E., 1987.

  13. Natural crayfish clone as emerging model for various biological ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences; Volume 36; Issue 2. Marmorkrebs: Natural crayfish clone as emerging model for various biological disciplines. Günter Vogt. Mini-review Volume 36 Issue 2 June 2011 pp 377-382. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  14. Characterization of Off-Road Diesel Emissions of Criteria Pollutants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    al., 2003a; Vogt et al., 2003b; Weijers et al., 2004; Westerdahl et al., 2005; Xu et al., 2007; Yao et al., 2006; Yao et al., 2007a; Yli-Tuomi et al...2993-3002. Westerdahl , D.; Fruin, S.; Sax, T.; Fine, P.M.; and Sioutas, C. (2005). Mobile platform measurements of ultrafine particles and associated

  15. Challenge from Without: Analysis of the Recommendations Advanced by Five National Education Task Forces and Their Policy Implications for Precollege and Higher Education. The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government Special Report Series Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemmerer, Frances; And Others

    This report includes expanded versions of two papers by Frances Kemmerer and Alan P. Wagner which were first presented at a 1983 working seminar on the recommendations of five national educational task forces and their implications for New York State educational policy. Included also is a major additional paper contributed by W. Paul Vogt. The…

  16. Linking ecological and social scales for natural resource management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristiina A. Vogt; Morgan Grove; Heidi Asjornsen; Keely B. Maxwell; Daniel J. Vogt; Ragnhildur Sigurdardottir; Bruce C. Larson; Leo Schibli; Michael Dove

    2002-01-01

    Natural resource management has moved from a single disciplinary and one resource management approach to an interdisciplinary and ecosystem-based approach. Many conceptual models are being developed to understand and implement ecosystem management and forest certification initiatives that require an integration of data from both the social and natural systems (Vogt...

  17. An algorithm to find all palindromic sequences in proteins

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2013-01-20

    Jan 20, 2013 ... 1976; Karrer and Gall 1976; Vogt and Braun 1976) and (iii) in the formation of hairpin loops in the newly transcribed RNA. Palindromic sequences are observed in various classes of proteins like histones (Cheng et al. 1989), prion proteins (Sulkowski 1992; Kazim 1993),. DNA-binding proteins (Suzuki 1992; ...

  18. Józef Putek. Path of interdict. The conflict between local authorities and parish priest in Chocznia in church documents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcin Witkowski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Józef Putek (1892–1974, Juris Doctor, was distinguished people’s radical, peasant activist and member of parliment. He began his political career in his native village Chocznia, where, since 1919, he held the office of the Vogt. His uncompromising anticlericalism, fierce criticism of the Church and its position in the nation, brought about the conflict with the parson of Chocznia, Józef Dunajecki. Putek accused the parson of mismanagement and lawlessness in having at one’s disposal church wealth. A critical moment in the conflict between the Vogt and parson Dunajecki was the matter of the foundation of bells. The purchase was financed by parishioners and emigrants from Chocznia, who lived in Detroit and Chicago. Józef Putek objected to hanging bells on the church tower. Incursion to the church and stamping one of the bells was a direct cause of interdict. Another reason for the interdict by archbishop Adam Stefan Sapieha was the effect of anticlerical political and publicistic activity of the Vogt. Some examples include, publishing in Chocznia a radical newspaper „Sztandar Chłopski”. In 1929 Dr. Jur. Putek was canceled from the post of the Vogt and soon after that, in 1930, was imprisoned by the Sanation government in the fortress of Brześć.

  19. The Teacher Perception and Receptiveness of Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) Model within a Japanese University Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakagawa, Hiroshi

    2017-01-01

    Since 1995, to allow teachers to organize and instruct in more effective ways, many English as a Second Language (ESL) specialists and researchers have studied the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) Model and its instructional framework by Echevarria, Vogt, and Short in 2004. By combining strategies and techniques that recognize the…

  20. A Study of Differentiated Instruction Based on the SIOP Model in Georgia Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, Sherry Marie

    2013-01-01

    This mixed methods study investigated the teachers' concerns of the sheltered instruction observation protocol (SIOP) model (Echevarria, Short and Vogt, 2008) as a means to differentiate instruction for LEP students in public school classrooms. This study took place in one central Georgia school district with a sample of 16 teachers who…

  1. From Darkness to Light: Posttraumatic Growth among Recently Deployed Army National Guard Soldiers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    Stress and Associated Functioning of Army National Guard Following Exposure to Iraq Warzone Trauma,” Traumatology 14 (2008): 51. 9. Army National...Associated Functioning of Army National Guard Following Exposure to Iraq Warzone Trauma.” Traumatology , 14 (2008): 51–56. Ouimette, Paige, Dawne Vogt

  2. A solution of the DGLAP equation for gluon at low x

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We obtain a solution of the DGLAP equation for the gluon at low first by expanding the gluon in a Taylor series and then using the method of characteristics. We test its validity by comparing it with that of Glück, Reya and Vogt. The convergence criteria of the approximation used are also discussed. We also calculate ...

  3. Who are the Millennials?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    CDs that have adult themed lyrics (Vogel, 2001; DeBard, 2004; Vogt, 2005; Epstein & Howes, 2006; NAS, 2006). Parents of Millennials are also highly...www.lifecourse.com/news/millennialssurvey.php, Accessed 24 July 2007 Mannheim, K. (1928), “On the Problem of Generations”, in Essays on the Sociology of

  4. PATTERNS OF SEVEN AND COMPLICATED MALARIA IN CHILDREN

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    Association of Vogt Koyanagi Harada Syndrome and Seronegative ... HLA groups in Japan (3, 4). ... transferred through HL A-DQ and-DR alleles (6). ... that her maternal twin had psoriasis. .... Ophthalmol Clin North Am 15:333-41,2002. 12.

  5. Disease: H00987 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available , Marton T, Maxwell S, Harrison BJ, Beeson D, Maher ER ... TITLE ... Germline mutation in DOK7 associated with...64-76 (2008) DOI:10.1016/j.ajhg.2007.11.006 ... PMID:19261599 (description, gene) ... AUTHORS ... Vogt J, Morgan NV

  6. Structural study of nanosized yttrium-doped CaMnO3 perovskites

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Mater. 10 2461. Rodriguez-Carvajal J 1990 Collected abstract of powder di- ffraction meeting, Toulouse, p. 127. Shannon R D 1976 Acta Cryst. A32 751. Woodward P M, Vogt T, Cox D E, Arulraj A, Rao C N R,. Karen P and Cheetham A K 1998 Chem. Mater. 10 3652. Wunderlich F, Leisegang T and Weissbach T 2010 Phys.

  7. Formal Analysis of a Fair Payment Protocol

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cederquist, J.G.; Dashti, Muhammad Torabi; Dimitrakos, Theo; Martinelli, Fabio

    We formally specify a payment protocol described by Vogt et al. This protocol is intended for fair exchange of time-sensitive data. Here the mCRL language is used to formalize the protocol. Fair exchange properties are expressed in the regular alternation-free mu-calculus. These properties are then

  8. Professional Development in Technology at High Achieving Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Kevin D.

    2017-01-01

    This study analyzed educators' perception of professional development offered through schools in the area of technology implementation and tried to define its perceived effectiveness in meeting the professional development conceptual framework defined by Gardner, Baker, Vogt, and Hodel in "Four Approaches to Professional Development".…

  9. Effect of Radiofrequency Radiation on DNA Duplex Stability and Replication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    Ando, T. A nuclease specific for heat-denatured DNA isolated from a product of Aspergillus oryzae . Biochim Biophys Acta 114:158-168 (1966). Blakeley...metabolic acti- vation. Mutation Res 64:315-328 (1979). Vogt,. V.M. Purification and further properties of single-strand-specific nuclease from Aspergillus oryzae . Eur J Biochem 33:192-200 (1973). 42

  10. Spór wokół teorii ewolucji przed stu laty

    OpenAIRE

    Paweł Polak

    2007-01-01

    Father Erich Wasmann, a German Jesuit, played the crucial role in the debates with monists on the interpretation of theory of evolution. He showed that monistic interpretation of this theory is not necessary, and he proposed theistic interpretation of evolution. In this paper the history of these debates, that took place in Germany in 1907 was presented together with the philosophical examination of the arguments used by opponents. The second part of this paper presents how those debates infl...

  11. Sociogenesis of mental disorders and compensation mechanisms in society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. V. Popovych

    2014-05-01

    According to the concept of K. Horney, it is  interpersonal communication that can be defined as a mechanism of compensation of neurosis. At the same time, Erich Fromm fills compensation phenomenon with social content. He described three important compensatory syndromes: a desire for power, a desire for submission, and escape into work. The achievements of psychoanalysis have not lost their significance nowadays, as all these compensatory mechanisms operate in today’s society.

  12. [Raamatututvustused] / Ervin Õunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õunapuu, Ervin, 1956-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Remarque, Erich Maria. Lissaboni öö. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2006 ; Jõgisalu, Harri, Tihkan, Lembit. Tulihända püüdmas : lugusid vanalt Läänemaalt. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2001 // Kivirähk, Andrus. Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2007 // Raud, Eno. Tallinn : Ilo, 2005 // Tammsaare, A. H. Sic transit... : kas seni teadlikult "unustatud"?. Muraste : Matrix Kirjastus, 2004

  13. Korporatiivspaa koolitab tallinlastest tallinklasi / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2007-01-01

    Tallink Spa & Conference Hotel Tallinnas Sadama 11a. Arhitektid: Indrek Tiigi, Ülar Mark, AB Urban Mark. Sisearhitektid: Andro Kööp, Tairo Pärnamets, SAB Torpedo Interior. Ehituse peatöövõtja: AS Merko Ehitus. Hotellitubade seintel on Heiki-Erich Merila fotod, spaa-alal Hannes Starkopfi kujud. Ehituse kestus: veebruar 2006-märts 2007. A. Kööbi ja I. Tiigi kommentaar. Välisvaade, 5 sisevaadet

  14. Donald Trump: A Critical Theory-Perspective on Authoritarian Capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Fuchs

    2017-01-01

    This paper analyses economic power, state power and ideological power in the age of Donald Trump with the help of critical theory. It applies the critical theory approaches of thinkers such as Franz Neumann, Theodor W. Adorno and Erich Fromm. It analyses changes of US capitalism that have together with political anxiety and demagoguery brought about the rise of Donald Trump. This article draws attention to the importance of state theory for understanding Trump and the changes of politics that...

  15. Traces of the Gods: Ancient Astronauts as a Vision of Our Future

    OpenAIRE

    Richter, Jonas

    2012-01-01

    Ancient astronaut speculation (also called paleo-SETI), often labeled pseudoscience or modern myth, still awaits in-depth research. Focusing on Erich von Däniken and reconstructing his views on god and cosmology from scattered statements throughout his books, this article analyzes his attitudes toward science and religion as well as his concepts of god and creation. In this regard, his pantheistic combination of the big bang theory with a model of god as supercomputer is of special interest. ...

  16. Perekond on kolmes kohas / Ave Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randviir, Ave, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinn Pride 2006 kultuurinädala raames Viru keskuses samasooliste paaride suhteid kujutav maalinäitus "Meie oleme perekond". Esinevad Tiina Tammetalu, Lilian Mosolainen ja Pille Neeve. Samanimeline näitus Cafe Angel'is Chintis Lundgreni ja Heikki-Erich Merila töödest ning kinos Sõprus kunstnike ühenduse Infotankistid (Anu Vahtra, Reimo Võsa-Tangsoo, Katrin Tees, Maris Mändel, Taavi Suits, Sulo Kallas, Piret Räni) fotonäitus

  17. Aasta tegu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Eesti Kooriühingu aasta tegudeks valiti Erich Whitacrei autorikontsert ja meistrikursus noortele dirigentidele Eestis 2013. a mais, Harjumaa Laulu- ja tantsupidu "Ajamustrid" 1. juunil 2013 Keilas, raamat "Kogemuste kuld. Vestlusi koorijuhtidega", sotsioloogiline uuring "Minu laulu- ja tantsupidu" ja konverents "Laulu- ja tantsupeo puudutus ajas", vabariiklik segakooride laulupäev "Õitse, kasva, ela" 15. juunil 2013 Elvas, Veljo Tormise tsükli "Unustatud rahvad" täispikkuses esmaettekanne ja Üle-Eestiline meeskoor Estole

  18. The enigmas of The grail. on The ConTroversy over The UniTy of Li Contes deL GraaL of ChréTien de Troyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Cirlot

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a review of the controversy about the unity of the last roman of Chrétien de Troyes, Li Contes del Graal which took place in the late fifties between Martí de Riquer, Jean Frappier and Erich Köhler. More than fifty years later, this paper will appraise the contributions that this controversy made to Romance philology, and, in particular, to the assessment of the last work of the Champenian writer.

  19. Is Fromm Relevant for Relational Approaches in Psychoanalysis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortina, Mauricio

    2017-08-01

    This paper provides an overview of how Erich Fromm's work influenced contemporary relational and intersubjective approaches. It stresses Fromm's humanistic and existential sensibility, his explanation of how different socioeconomic and cultural contexts mold different character types, and how his center-to-center relatedness in clinical work all contribute to psychic change. The author shows how these dimensions intersect and add to current interests in relational psychoanalysis.

  20. The Unrequited Love as Reflected in William Blake's “Love's Secret”

    OpenAIRE

    Risthania, Olivia Fergie

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this final academic paper is to describe the love story which tells sadness in William Blake's “Love's Secret”. The writer adopts Erich Fromm's theory of unrequited love from The Art of Loving. This final academic paper concerns intrinsic and extrinsic side of the poem. In the intrinsic side, the writer discusses about the existing diction and figurative language such as denotation and connotation and imagery to understand the true meaning of the poem. The extrinsic side, the w...

  1. Umfrageforschung: Entscheidungsgrundlage für Politik und Wissenschaft

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    "Der vorliegende Tagungsband dokumentiert die Beiträge der wissenschaftlichen Tagung 'Umfrageforschung - Entscheidungsgrundlage für Politik und Wissenschaft', die am 30. Juni und 1. Juli 2011 gemeinsam vom Statistischen Bundesamt, dem ADM Arbeitskreis Deutscher Markt- und Sozialforschungsinstitute e.V. und der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Sozialwissenschaftlicher Institute e.V. (ASI) in Wiesbaden durchgeführt wurde." (Autorenreferat). Inhaltsverzeichnis: Christian König, Matthias Stahl, Erich Wiegand:...

  2. Analysis of Motherly Love in Edgar Allan Poe's “to My Mother

    OpenAIRE

    Rusdi, Putra

    2017-01-01

    Project analisisMotherly Love in Edgar Allan Poe's “To My Mother” mengkaji unsur intrinsik dan konsep motherly love dalam puisi To My Motherkarya Edgar Allan Poe. Penulis menggunakan studi pustaka sebagai metode pengumpulan data dan informasi tentang objek penelitian melalui buku dan internet. Penulis menggunakan pendekatan psikologi sastra dengan teori cinta karya Erich Fromm untuk mengetahui cinta yang diberikan ibu kepada anak. Dari hasil analisis, penulis menemukan konsep cinta yang dibe...

  3. Nigeria’s Rising Hegemony is Essential to Peace and Stability in West-Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-04-18

    agricultural sector was particularly on wise for the Nigerian government considering the teeming population that can be gainfully employed by the sector...United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research Geneva Switzerland . UNIDR/2000/3. P.7 3. Ibid p 4 4 M.A. Vogt The Liberian Crises and... Switzerland p.13 3 Ibid p.15. 4 Gilbert M. Khadiagala, et al African Foreign Policies. Powers and perspective: A . . Foreign policy

  4. Revisiting parton evolution and the large-x limit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dokshitzer, Yu.L.; Marchesini, G.; Salam, G.P.

    2006-01-01

    This remark is part of an ongoing project to simplify the structure of the multi-loop anomalous dimensions for parton distributions and fragmentation functions. It answers the call for a 'structural explanation' of a 'very suggestive' relation found by Moch, Vermaseren and Vogt in the context of the x->1 behaviour of three-loop DIS anomalous dimensions. It also highlights further structure that remains to be fully explained

  5. Solostamenides paucitesticulatus n. sp. (Monogenoidea: Mazocraeidea: Microcotylidae) from the freshwater mullet Liza abu (Heckel) (Mugiliformes: Mugilidae) from Atatürk Reservoir on the Euphrates River in southern Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kritsky, Delane C; Öktener, Ahmet

    2015-06-01

    Solostamenides paucitesticulatus n. sp. (Monogenoidea: Microcotylidae) from the gills of the abu mullet Liza abu (Heckel) in Atatürk Reservoir in southern Turkey is described. Among other features, the new species is easily distinguished from its three congeners, Solostamenides mugilis (Vogt, 1879), Solostamenides pseudomugilis (Hargis, 1956) and Solostamenides polyorchis Zhang & Yang, 2001, by having fewer hooks on the male copulatory organ (11 to 14), testes (5 to 9), and haptoral clamps (31 to 47).

  6. Design of Waste Heat Boiler for Scranton Army Ammunition Plant

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-08-01

    order to calculate velocity measurements, the flow (stagnation pressure) was measured with a pitot tube and a slant manometer. The 1.245 m (4𔃻...p where V = velocity (ft/sec) Referring to Figure A-l and letting the subscript 1 indicate conditions at the inlet to the pitot tube where...Mexico, Mo. 65265 Frisch Dampers* Octapus Equipment Co. Buffalo, N.Y. 14221 Alternate source (s) of supply Henry Vogt Machine Co. 1000 W

  7. Upregulating reverse cholesterol transport with cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibition requires combination with the LDL-lowering drug berberine in dyslipidemic hamsters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briand, François; Thieblemont, Quentin; Muzotte, Elodie; Sulpice, Thierry

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate whether cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibition promotes in vivo reverse cholesterol transport in dyslipidemic hamsters. In vivo reverse cholesterol transport was measured after an intravenous injection of (3)H-cholesteryl-oleate-labeled/oxidized low density lipoprotein particles ((3)H-oxLDL), which are rapidly cleared from plasma by liver-resident macrophages for further (3)H-tracer egress in plasma, high density lipoprotein (HDL), liver, and feces. A first set of hamsters made dyslipidemic with a high-fat and high-fructose diet was treated with vehicle or torcetrapib 30 mg/kg (TOR) over 2 weeks. Compared with vehicle, TOR increased apolipoprotein E-rich HDL levels and significantly increased (3)H-tracer appearance in HDL by 30% over 72 hours after (3)H-oxLDL injection. However, TOR did not change (3)H-tracer recovery in liver and feces, suggesting that uptake and excretion of cholesterol deriving from apolipoprotein E-rich HDL is not stimulated. As apoE is a potent ligand for the LDL receptor, we next evaluated the effects of TOR in combination with the LDL-lowering drug berberine, which upregulates LDL receptor expression in dyslipidemic hamsters. Compared with TOR alone, treatment with TOR+berberine 150 mg/kg resulted in lower apolipoprotein E-rich HDL levels. After (3)H-oxLDL injection, TOR+berberine significantly increased (3)H-tracer appearance in fecal cholesterol by 109%. Our data suggest that cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibition alone does not stimulate reverse cholesterol transport in dyslipidemic hamsters and that additional effects mediated by the LDL-lowering drug berberine are required to upregulate this process.

  8. Spór wokół teorii ewolucji przed stu laty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Polak

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Father Erich Wasmann, a German Jesuit, played the crucial role in the debates with monists on the interpretation of theory of evolution. He showed that monistic interpretation of this theory is not necessary, and he proposed theistic interpretation of evolution. In this paper the history of these debates, that took place in Germany in 1907 was presented together with the philosophical examination of the arguments used by opponents. The second part of this paper presents how those debates influenced philosophical and theological thought in Poland.

  9. Estéticas de las culturas de ocio

    OpenAIRE

    Sañudo Vélez, Luis Guillermo

    2009-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene como propósito explorar el significado estético del ocio en la cultura contemporánea. Para cumplir este objetivo ha sido necesario hacer un breve balance de la manera como el concepto de ocio se ha entendido tanto en los escritos de algunos destacados filósofos (Aristóteles, Séneca y Kant) como en los escritos de algunos pensadores sociales modernos (Thorstein Veblen) y contemporáneos (Jean Baudrillard, Erich Weber, Joffre Dumazedier, Gilles Lipovetsky, Vicente Verdú...

  10. Twenty-five years of simulator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2002-01-01

    The first training simulator for nuclear power plant personnel in Germany was commissioned twenty-five years ago. The strategy of training by simulators was developed and pursued consistently and continuously in order to ensure sound training of nuclear power plant personnel. The present thirteen simulators cover a broad range of plants. A systematic training concept also helps to ensure a high level of competence and permanent qualification of plant personnel. The anniversary was marked by a festive event at which Erich K. Steiner read a paper on 'The Importance of Simulator Training', and Professor Dr. Adolf Birkhofer spoke about 'Nuclear Technology Education and Training'. (orig.)

  11. "Amanhã o filmezinho está pronto" : O Jovem Brecht e o Cinema

    OpenAIRE

    Bär, Gerald

    2009-01-01

    No trabalho de Bertolt Brecht relacionado com o cinema pode-se distinguir quatro fases: 1. Início dos anos vinte - argumentos, guiões para filmes publicitários e de aventura. Os únicos projectos realizados: Mysterien eines Frisiersalons de Erich Engel, 1923 (Brecht colaborou na realização). O seu argumento Robinsonade auf Assuncion escrito em conjunto com Arnolt Bronnen foi alterado para o filme SOS. Die Insel der Tränen (1923). 2. Início dos anos trinta - processo contra a companhia Nero-Fil...

  12. Exhibiting copies: learning from a North-American show in São Paulo, 1947

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Helouise Lima

    2014-01-01

    No ano de 1947, a Biblioteca Municipal de São Paulo apresentou a exposição Fotografia Artística preparada pelo Museu de Arte Moderna de Nova York com consultoria técnica de Andreas Feininger. Tratava-se de uma mostra didática de reproduções fotográficas impressas em painéis, acompanhadas de textos, que reunia imagens de autoria de fotógrafos como Erich Salomon, Ansel Adams e Henri Cartier-Bresson, entre outros. Originalmente denominada Creative Photography foi produzida como múltiplo para que...

  13. Joint Interagency Coordination Group - Cyber: Empowering the Combatant Commanders against the no-borders threat

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-04

    Report: U.S. to spend $100 billion fighting Y2K ,” CNET News, 17 November 1999, http://news.cnet.com/Report-U.S.-to-spend-100-billion-fighting- Y2K /2100...Luening, Erich. “Report: U.S. to spend $100 billion fighting Y2K ,” CNET News, 17 November 1999. http://news.cnet.com/Report-U.S.-to-spend-100...billion-fighting- Y2K /2100-1091_3-233148.html (accessed 7 March 2009). National Commission on Terrorist Attacks, The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report

  14. The therapeutic potential of escitalopram in the treatment of panic disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark H Townsend

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Mark H Townsend, Erich J ConradDepartment of Psychiatry, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, USAAbstract: Panic disorder is a chronic and disabling condition that is often accompanied by other psychiatric and medical conditions. The serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs and serotoninnorepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs have been used effectively with panic disorder (PD and conditions in which panic attacks frequently occur. Escitalopram is the most selective SSRI and a variety of evidence suggests it is of great value in the treatment of panic disorder. In this paper, we review the theoretical and practical implications of its use.Keywords: panic disorder, escitalopram, antidepressant, serotonin

  15. Experimental results surprise quantum theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    White, C.

    1986-01-01

    Interest in results from Darmstadt that positron-electron pairs are created in nuclei with high atomic numbers (in the Z range from 180-188) lies in the occurrence of a quantized positron kinetic energy peak at 300. The results lend substance to the contention of Erich Bagge that the traditionally accepted symmetries in positron-electron emission do not exist and, therefore, there is no need to posit the existence of the neutrino. The search is on for the decay of a previously unknown boson to account for the findings, which also points to the need for a major revision in quantum theory. 1 figure

  16. Los enigmas del Grial. En torno a la polémica sobre la unidad de El Cuento del Grial de Chrétien de Troyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Cirlot

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Relectura de la polémica acerca de la unidad del último roman de Chrétien de Troyes, Li Contes del Graal que tuvo lugar a finales de los años cincuenta entre Martín de Riquer, Jean Frappier y Erich Köhler. Más de cincuenta años después se trata de valorar las aportaciones que dicha polémica supuso para la filología románica y, en concreto, para la valoración de la última obra del escritor de la Champaña.

  17. Présentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphane Haber

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Les articles réunis dans ce dossier de la revue Astérion portent sur la première génération de la Théorie critique (dont Max Horkheimer, Walter Benjamin, Theodor W. Adorno, Herbert Marcuse et Erich Fromm constituent sans doute les figures principales. Ils se concentrent plus précisément sur les contributions philosophiques qui marquèrent la période ouverte par l’accession de Horkheimer à la direction de l’Institut de recherches sociales (1931 et close par la publication en 1944 de Dialektik...

  18. Bibliografía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Revista Chasqui

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Periodistas y fuentes informativas, Herbert Strentz.- Buenos Aires: Ed. Marymar (colección periodismo; Perfiles de Proyectos: encuesta sobre Proyectos Innovadores de América Latina y el Caribe que usan tecnología educacional (1980 – 1981; Teoría de los medios masivos de comunicación, Erich Feldman. Buenos Aires; Ed. Kapelusz; Ética y colegiación del periodista, Lincoln Larrea Benalcázar, Fondo Editorial del Colegio de Periodistas de Pichincha, Quito 1984.

  19. Lykke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Jan Brødslev

    2015-01-01

    Lykken har ligget mennesket på sinde gennem årtusinder og gør det til stadighed. Ikke overra-skende, er lykke derfor en menneskelig livsytring, der har været genstand for et utal af over-vejelser og studier. Vi finder gennem hele filosofiens, psykologiens og samfundsvidenskaber-nes historie omfat...... Maslows højdepunktsbegreb og flowteorien. Afslut-ningsvist indsættes kapitlets tanker om lykke i en samfundsmæssig sammenhæng med den tysk-amerikanske psykolog, sociolog og psykoanalytiker Erich Fromm....

  20. Saladusi mäletavad pildid : järelvaade Eric Soovere fotograafilisele dokumentalistikale / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-

    2009-01-01

    Ameerikas elanud eesti fotograafi Eric Soovere (sünd. Erich Soeson, 1916-2008) eluloolisi andmeid. Tema loomingust, mis jaguneb kolme perioodi: etnograafiline fotokooslus Lõuna-Eesti külaelanikest (1930ndate lõpp), Sooverede perekonna põgenemisteekond Eestist USA-sse (ca 1944-1949), perekonna elu Cincinnatis USA-s (1950ndad). Fotod eestlaste põgenemisteekonnast on avaldatud raamatus Eric Soovere. Käru ja kaameraga : pilte ja päevikulehti põgenemisteelt 1944-1949. Tallinn : Olion, 1999

  1. Selgusid Tallinna balleti- ja muusikakoolide ühishoone rahvusvahelise arhitektuurivõistluse võitjad / M[argit] M[utso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Muusikakeskkooli, Georg Otsa nimelise Tallinna Muusikakooli ja Tallinna Balletikooli ühishoone arhitektuurikonkursi võitis Austria arhitektuuribüroo Atelier Thomas Pucher ZT GmbH (Thomas Pucher, Erich Ranegger, Robert Lamprecht, Jan Schrader, Elisabeth Weber) töö "Vaikuse aed". Teise koha pälvis arhitektuuribüroo Emil Urbel töö "Octopus", kolmanda koha Ninja Stuudio töö "Pausid ja poosid". Võistlustöid näeb Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis 15.06.-7.07.2011

  2. The Concept of Motherly Love in Margaret Widdemer's“The Watcher”

    OpenAIRE

    Pertiwi, Vina

    2016-01-01

    Margaret Widdemer's “The Watcher” tells about how the watcher has wonderful love to her beloved. The purpose of this study is to analyze the intrinsic elements of the poem and the kind of love in the poem. The writer uses psychological approach to prove that the love in this poem is between mother and her childrenbased on Erich Fromm's theory of love.The writer uses library research in her study for collecting the data. The writer obtained the data and information related to the object from t...

  3. Los talleres de educación de la sexualidad y la afectividad en los adolescentes como medio de prevención del abuso sexual. (Una propuesta metodológica y teórica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Murillo-Gamboa

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the contributions made by Erich Fromm, in regards to the concept of “having and being”, the author proposes the development of a workshop aimed at preventing sexual abuse of adolescents. In this way, she tries to attract youngsters more into the attitude of “being” rather than into that of “having”. Likewise, the participants' concept of sexuality before and after the workshop is discussed. This article is completed whit the supplement (“My sexuality” written by psychologist Pamela Delgado, and addressed to fourth, fifth and sixth graders. It complements the magazine you are reading.

  4. Underground mine navigation using an integrated IMU/TOF system with unscented Kalman filter

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Hlophe, K

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available & Factories of the Future Conference, 26-28 July 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia improve mine safety?, in 25th International Conference of CAD/CAM, Robotics & Factories of the Future, Pretoria, 2010. [2] J. J. Green and D. Vogt, Robot miner for low... Page 1 of 11 26th International Conference of CAD/CAM, Robotics & Factories of the Future Conference, 26-28 July 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia UNDERGROUND MINE NAVIGATION USING AN INTERGRATED IMU/TOF SYSTEM WITH UNSCENTED KALMAN FILTER...

  5. Investigating airborne low frequency GPR antenna-ground coupling through modelling

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Vogt, D

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available . The plane of symmetry is a perfect electric conductor. The models are run using two rock materials: granite and dolerite, from the catalogue in Vogt (2000). These two materials cover the range of electrical properties expected for Karoo sediments... that is refracted into the ground away from the antenna travels along the surface at a greater velocity than the propagation in the ground, causing a propagation shape that has “ears” which are flatter than the typical spherical propagation in the earth...

  6. APF-The Lick Observatory Automated Planet Finder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    WILLIAM DEICH,1 BRIAN DUPRAW,1 WAYNE EARTHMAN,1 HARLAND EPPS,1 SANDRA FABER,1 DEBRA FISCHER ,3 ELINOR GATES,1 DAVID HILYARD,1 BRAD HOLDEN,1 KEN JOHNSTON,4...SANDY KEISER,2 DICK KANTO,1 MYRA KATSUKI,1 LEE LAITERMAN,1 KYLE LANCLOS,1 GREG LAUGHLIN,1 JEFF LEWIS,1 CHRIS LOCKWOOD,1,5 PAUL LYNAM,1 GEOFFREY MARCY,6...with S. Vogt as principal investigator, G. Marcy and D. Fischer as coinvestgators, and M. Radovan as project manager and principal engineer. A large

  7. Semiclassical strings in AdS5 × S5 and automorphic functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawellek, Michael

    2011-06-17

    Using anti-de Sitter-space/conformal-field-theory correspondence we derive from the folded spinning string ordinary differential equations for the anomalous dimension of the dual N=4 super Yang-Mills theory twist-two operators at strong coupling. We show that for large spin the asymptotic solutions have the Gribov-Lipatov reciprocity property. To obtain this result we use a hidden modular invariance of the energy-spin relation of the folded spinning string. Furthermore, we identify the Moch-Vermaseren-Vogt relations, which were first recognized in plain QCD calculations, as the recurrence relations of the asymptotic series ansatz.

  8. An Early Miocene bumble bee from northern Bohemia (Hymenoptera, Apidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Prokop

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available A new species of fossil bumble bee (Apinae: Bombini is described and figured from Early Miocene (Burdigalian deposits of the Most Basin at the Bílina Mine, Czech Republic. Bombus trophonius sp. n., is placed within the subgenus Cullumanobombus Vogt and distinguished from the several species groups therein. The species is apparently most similar to the Nearctic B. (Cullumanobombus rufocinctus Cresson, the earliest-diverging species within the clade and the two may be related only by symplesiomorphies. The age of the fossil is in rough accordance with divergence estimations for Cullumanobombus.

  9. Semiclassical Strings in AdS5xS5 and Automorphic Functions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pawellek, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Using anti-de Sitter-space/conformal-field-theory correspondence we derive from the folded spinning string ordinary differential equations for the anomalous dimension of the dual N=4 super Yang-Mills theory twist-two operators at strong coupling. We show that for large spin the asymptotic solutions have the Gribov-Lipatov reciprocity property. To obtain this result we use a hidden modular invariance of the energy-spin relation of the folded spinning string. Furthermore, we identify the Moch-Vermaseren-Vogt relations, which were first recognized in plain QCD calculations, as the recurrence relations of the asymptotic series ansatz.

  10. The Importance of basic Research for Inventions and Innovations in Wind Industry. Some Experiences from Denmark and China 1973 - 2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jørgen Lindgaard; Xinxin, Kong

    Wind generated production of electricity by use of wind turbines began by inventions made at nearly the same time but independently by three natural science academic educated people as the Scotch professor in electrical technology James Blyth in 1887, the American mining engineer Charles F Brush...... from two Danish engineers H C Vogt and Johan Irminger who made basic research in aerodynamics a little bit of time before la Cour started up (Guy Larose and Niels Franck: Early wind engineering experiments in Denmark, in Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 72 (1997), pp. 493-499)...

  11. Reduction of Decoherence in the Flux Qubit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-08

    Letters, (04 2012): 142601. doi: 10.1063/1.3700964 Nicolas Vogt, Jared Cole, Michael Marthaler, Gerd Schön. Influence of two-level fluctuators on adiabatic...a loss tangent tan δi = 1/Qi = 2.2-3×10−5 in the 4-8 GHz band. Crystalline dielectrics, such as silicon can exhibit low intrinsic loss and have been...the observed loss to the capacitive element, our measurements place and upper bound on the loss tangent of the silicon dielectric layer of tan δi = 5

  12. USAF Summer Research Program - 1994 Summer Faculty Research Program Final Reports, Volume 5B, Wright Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-12-01

    S.K. Streiffer, B.M. Lairson, E.M. Zielinski , T. Umezawa, T.H. Geballe, and J.C. Bravman, Proc 50th Annual Meefrng of EMSA, edited by G.W. Bailey...Theory team at WL/AART-2: Dave Gadd, Mike Noviskey, Jeff Goldman; and also Chris Vogt, Mark Axtel, John Carroll, and Craig Files, who all contributed to...modification work on the wind tunnel were done by Dave Driscoll at the AFIT shop. We thank him for his steady and careful efforts, especially for the cast

  13. Objective evaluation of choroidal melanin contents with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miura, Masahiro; Makita, Shuichi; Yasuno, Yoshiaki; Ikuno, Yasushi; Uematsu, Sato; Iwasaki, Takuya; Goto, Hiroshi

    2018-02-01

    We non-invasively evaluated choroidal melanin contents in human eyes with PS-OCT. We calculated the percentage area of low DOPU in the choroidal interstitial stroma for Vogt-Koyanagi- Harada disease with sunset glow fundus, without sunset glow fundus, control group and tessellated fundus with high myopia. The mean percentage area of low DOPU in the sunset group was significantly lower than the other groups. PS-OCT provides an in vivo objective evaluation of choroidal melanin loss in vivo human eyes.

  14. Musica, suoni e gentrificazione della nuova Berlino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Grüning

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Berlinized Sexy and Eis è il nome di un cocktail, inventato in uno dei tanti locali sorti provvisoriamente a Berlino est all’alba della caduta del muro, i cui ingredienti cambiavano con la stessa facilità con cui, in assenza di una giurisdizione certa nella transizione dalla Repubblica democratica tedesca (DDR alla Repubblica federale, i locali cambiavano location, occupando gli spazi vuoti dell’ex-confine, gli edifici del centro mai restaurati dalla seconda guerra mondiale e le fabbriche dismesse della DDR (Vogt 2005.

  15. Images of the Second World War in Austrian Literature after 1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl Müller

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The author examines selected examples of post-1945 Austrian literature, asking what pictures of the Second World War they imparted and what role they played when, certainly from 1948 on, a certain image of history began to take shape in Austria against the background of the Cold War. This image involved a fade-out in particular of the racist nature of the war, and it had a collectively exonerating and distorting impact. Attention is paid to the stories and novels of former participants in the war and National Socialists, such as, for example, Erich Landgrebe, Erich Kern, Hans Gustl Kernmayr, Kurt Ziesel. A contrast is seen in the anti-war novel, Letzte Ausfahrt (Last Exit (1952 by the former soldier Herbert Zand, who turns against the dominant image of history, as well as in Ingeborg Bachmann's use of war memories as a topic. The texts are read as a reservoir of selective memory: on the one hand they are critical, individual counter-memories and on the other hand, they make a positive contribution to the formation of the aforesaid collective image. One may say that a war of perception was fought around the Second World War; it was undoubtedly won in the immediate post-war years by those literary works that legitimized or at least trivialized the war. The critical voices of Herbert Zand, Gerhard Fritsch, and Ingeborg Bachmann were unfortunately the quieter ones and were not particularly successful in their time.

  16. Zur Struktur des deutschen Satzes. Systematische Betrachtung der einzelnen Satzpositionen unter didaktischen Gesichtspunkten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter Schmid

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Die Struktur, d.h. die Syntax des deutschen Satzes ist möglicherweise das komplexeste Thema der deutschen Grammatik. Es scheint, dass die meisten Fehler in diesem Bereich gemacht werden, und selbst Muttersprachler und Muttersprachlerinnen sind oft unsicher bzgl. der richtigen Wortstellung, insbesondere im Mittelfeld des Satzes. Dieser Aufsatz versucht, Deutschlehrern und -lehrerinnen eine Hilfestellung zu geben, indem er − aufbauend auf das topologische oder Stellungsfeldermodell von Erich Drach (vgl. Musan 2009: 10 − die wichtigsten Stellungsregeln für die verschiedenen Satzelemente angibt. Dies geschieht dadurch, dass alle möglichen „Positionen“ des deutschen Satzes systematisch untersucht werden, eine nach der anderen. The structure, i.e., the syntax of the German sentence is perhaps the most complex topic of German grammar. It seems that most mistakes are made in this area, and even native speakers are often not sure about the correct word order, especially in the middle-field of the sentence. This paper tries to help German teachers by giving them − based on the topological field model of Erich Drach − the most important rules about the correct positioning of the different elements of the sentence. It does so by examining systematically all the possible “positions” of the German sentence, one after the other.

  17. La agresividad humana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Avendaño, Olimpia

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se comparan los planteamientos de Sigmund Freud, Herbert Marcusse y Erich Fromm en torno a la agresividad humana. Analizar esta temática en el contexto actual es relevante dado el incremento de acciones que conllevan gran dosis de violencia tanto en el plano físico, como en el psicológico y espiritual, así como la urgencia de plantear soluciones. La posición de los tres autores permite visualizar la pertinencia de explicaciones que tienden a asumirse en la vida cotidiana en torno a este fenómeno y, sobre todo, construir nuevas perspectivas que las relean, trasciendan y enriquezcan. In this article the expositions regarding human aggressiveness by Sigmund Freud, Herbert Marcusse and Erich Fromm are compared. The relevance of this subject's analysis in the present context is due to the increase of actions that entail a great dose of violence in the physical, psychological and spiritual planes; and to the urgency of raising solutions. The three authors' position allows us to see how adequate are the explanations that tend to be assumed in everyday life; and above all allow us to build new perspectives that make a new interpretation of them, that extend and enrich them

  18. First O(αs3) heavy flavor contributions to deeply inelastic scattering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bierenbaum, I.; Bluemlein, J.; Klein, S.

    2008-01-01

    In the asymptotic limit Q 2 >>m 2 , the heavy flavor Wilson coefficients for deep-inelastic scattering factorize into the massless Wilson coefficients and the universal heavy flavor operator matrix elements resulting from light-cone expansion. In this way, one can calculate all but the power corrections in (m 2 /Q 2 ) k , k>0. The heavy flavor operator matrix elements are known to NLO. We present the last 2-loop result missing in the unpolarized case for the renormalization at 3-loops and first 3-loop results for terms proportional to the color factor T F 2 in Mellin-space. In this calculation, the corresponding parts of the NNLO anomalous dimensions [S.A. Larin, T. van Ritbergen and J.A.M. Vermaseren, Nucl. Phys. B427 (1994) 41; S. Moch, J.A.M. Vermaseren and A. Vogt, Nucl. Phys. B688 (2004) 101; S.A. Larin, P. Nogueira, T. van Ritbergen and J.A.M. Vermaseren, Nucl. Phys. B492 (1997) 338; A. Vogt, S. Moch and J.A.M. Vermaseren, Nucl. Phys. B691 (2004) 129] are obtained as well

  19. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Radial velocities for the HD 3167 system (Christiansen+, 2017)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christiansen, J. L.; Vanderburg, A.; Burt, J.; Fulton, B. J.; Batygin, K.; Benneke, B.; Brewer, J. M.; Charbonneau, D.; Ciardi, D. R.; Cameron, A. C.; Coughlin, J. L.; Crossfield, I. J. M.; Dressing, C.; Greene, T. P.; Howard, A. W.; Latham, D. W.; Molinari, E.; Mortier, A.; Mullally, F.; Pepe, F.; Rice, K.; Sinukoff, E.; Sozzetti, A.; Thompson, S. E.; Udry, S.; Vogt, S. S.; Barman, T. S.; Batalha, N. E.; Bouchy, F.; Buchhave, L. A.; Butler, R. P.; Cosentino, R.; Dupuy, T. J.; Ehrenreich, D.; Fiorenzano, A.; Hansen, B. M. S.; Henning, T.; Hirsch, L.; Holden, B. P.; Isaacson, H. T.; Johnson, J. A.; Knutson, H. A.; Kosiarek, M.; Lopez-Morales, M.; Lovis, C.; Malavolta, L.; Mayor, M.; Micela, G.; Motalebi, F.; Petigura, E.; Phillips, D. F.; Piotto, G.; Rogers, L. A.; Sasselov, D.; Schlieder, J. E.; Segransan, D.; Watson, C. A.; Weiss, L. M.

    2018-06-01

    The final data set includes observations obtained with Keck/HIRES, Automated Planet Finder (APF)/Levy, and HARPS-N. Our observational setup for both Keck/HIRES and the APF/Levy was essentially identical to those described in Fulton et al. (2016, J/ApJ/830/46) and Burt et al. (2014ApJ...789..114B). We collected a total of 60 RV measurements using Keck/HIRES (Vogt et al. 1994SPIE.2198..362V), and 116 measurements using the Levy Spectrograph on the APF (Radovan et al. 2014SPIE.9145E..2BR; Vogt et al. 2014PASP..126..359V) at Lick Observatory between 2016 July 7 and 2016 December 2. We also observed HD 3167 with the HARPS-N spectrograph (Cosentino et al. 2012SPIE.8446E..1VC) located at the 3.58 m Telescopio Nazionale Galileo on the island of La Palma, Spain. HARPS-N is a stabilized spectrograph designed for precise RV measurements. We observed HD 3167 76 times between 2016 July 7 (independently beginning the same night as the HIRES/APF campaign) and 2016 December 7, obtaining high-resolution optical spectra with a spectral resolving power of R=115000. (1 data file).

  20. Daptomycin: a novel lipopeptide antibiotic against Gram-positive pathogens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres Beiras-Fernandez

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Andres Beiras-Fernandez1,*, Ferdinand Vogt1,*, Ralf Sodian1, Florian Weis21Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Großhadern, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich, Germany; 2Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Großhadern, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich, Germany *Andres Beiras-Fernandez and Ferdinand Vogt contributed equally to this paperAbstract: The aim of this review is to summarize the historical background of drug resistance of Gram-positive pathogens as well as to describe in detail the novel lipopeptide antibiotic daptomycin. Pharmacological and pharmacokinetic aspects are reviewed and the current clinical use of daptomycin is presented. Daptomycin seems to be a reliable drug in the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections, infective right-sided endocarditis, and bacteremia caused by Gram-positive agents. Its unique mechanism of action and its low resistance profile, together with its rapid bactericidal action make it a favorable alternative to vancomycin in multi-drug resistant cocci. The role of daptomycin in the treatment of prosthetic material infections, osteomyelitis, and urogenital infections needs to be evaluated in randomized clinical trials.Keywords: daptomycin, multi-drug resistance, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, left-sided endocarditis

  1. Estilos de Comportamento de Profissionais de Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (C,T&I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Coda

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Using the constructs of Motivational Orientation and Mobilization Style based on Erich Fromm´s thoughts on personality and considering studies related to people management in STI environments, this paper aims to identify behavioral work patterns of professionals operating in STI organizations as a way to provide insights for the hiring, development and staffing of knowledge workers. The empirical research uses the M.A.R.E. Diagnostic to gather data of a sample of 643 professionals performing research duties mainly in R&D institutes and compares them to those of a sample composed of 4,981 cases collected nationwide and in organizations of different kinds. Results show predominance of the Mobilization Styles named Specialist and Competitor as well as a reduction in the styles denominated Maintainer and Conqueror, as behavioral work patterns, suggesting the existence of different and specific behaviors and organizational culture for the professionals and organizations involved in the study.

  2. Musica e Weltanschauung. Opera musicale, filosofia, cultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Martinelli

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Can music express the world-view (Weltanschauung of a certain composer, or of a certain historical era – and how? In 19th Century, the wide-ranging philosophical implications of this question raised an intriguing quarrel between the formalists’ scepticism as to this point and their various opponents. Starting from the case study of the German psychologist and philosopher of music Georg Anschütz (1886-1953, it is argued that allowing for a systematic link of music and the world-views easily turns into the far more demanding (and occasionally ambiguous claim that music is the best and perhaps the only way to express them properly. In turn, this attitude sits well with the tendency to think of music hearing as a disembodied process, hinting at the deep dimension of synesthesia rather than to that of music as a cultural phenomenon, in Erich Hornbostel’s sense.

  3. Neotomistyczna recepcja teorii ewolucji w polsce w latach 1900–1939 w kontekście relacji nauka-wiara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Polak

    2008-12-01

    Encyclical 'Aeterni Patris' of Leo XIII (1879 caused significant development of neo-scholastic movement in Poland in the beginning of 20th century. This movement was strongly influenced by philosophers from Louvain (Leuven. The struggles between German monists and Jesuit Erich Wasmann in the years 1905-1907 inspired Polish neo-scholastics to take a stand in philosophical discussions about the theory of evolution. The aim of this paper is to show how Polish neo-scholastics resolved problems of relations between 'fides' and 'ratio' with respect to the theory of evolution. In this paper there are presented some ideas of such philosophers as Franciszek Gabryl (1866-1914, Kazimierz Wais(1865-1934, Feliks Hortynski SJ (1869-1927 and Konstanty Michalski (1879-1947. Their ideas show how philosophical, historical and sociological background of the theory of evolution's reception in Poland looked like.

  4. Michael Fordham and the Journal of Analytical Psychology: the view from Hangman's Hill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, Elizabeth

    2015-09-01

    This short paper was presented to a conference in honour of the 60(th) year of the JAP and was one of others that acknowledged the contribution of Michael Fordham. The subtitle refers to the paper's overview of Fordham's published oeuvre and the particular place of the Journal of Analytical Psychology, for which he was the founding editor. Fordham's contribution to a Jungian-based model of development is discussed, with reference to his papers in the British Journal of Medical Psychology. The paper notes miscellaneous pieces from Fordham's commentaries, obituaries, papers and reviews which capture not only the development of Fordham as a thinker but also his character. There is discussion of his reviews of Melanie Klein's Envy and Gratitude and manuscripts by Erich Neumann. A reminiscence of Fordham as supervisor is recounted. © 2015, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  5. Surface-near geothermal power. Handling of hydro-economic requirements in the practice; Oberflaechennahe Geothermie. Umgang mit den wasserwirtschaftlichen Anforderungen in der Praxis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-12-15

    Within the meeting of the Bavarian Environment Agency (Augsburg, Federal Republic of Germany) at 1st December, 2009, the following lectures were held: (1) Hydro-economical requirements and working assistance of the Bavarian Environment Agency (Hannes Berger); (2) Technology, dimensioning and safety devices for heat pumps and heat source plants soil - groundwater (Erich Ramming); (3) Well devices for the thermal utilization of the groundwater - planning, production and quality assurance (Michael Thoren); (4) Geothermal probes: Handling of raw materials and welding at the building site (Hubert Graf); (5) Geothermal probes - planning and calculation (Burkhard Sanner); (6) Geothermal probes - drilling operations (Sven Tewes); (7) Certification of drilling companies according to W 120 (Udo Peth); (8) Operation of geothermal plants - Examples from one-family house to football stadium (Arno Poehlmann).

  6. Logic and Automata History and Perspectives

    CERN Document Server

    Gradel, Erich; Wilk, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Mathematical logic and automata theory are two scientific disciplines with a fundamentally close relationship. The authors of Logic and Automata take the occasion of the sixtieth birthday of Wolfgang Thomas to present a tour d'horizon of automata theory and logic. The twenty papers in this volume cover many different facets of logic and automata theory, emphasizing the connections to other disciplines such as games, algorithms, and semigroup theory, as well as discussing current challenges in the field. Title: Logic and Automata : History and Perspectives Print ISBN: 9789053565766 Author(s): Flum, Jörg; Gr; del, Erich; Wilke, Thomas eISBN: 9789048501281 Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Dewey: 511.3 Publication Date: 01 Jan, 2007 Pages: 737 Category: Mathematics LCCN: Language: English Edition: N/A LCSH:

  7. President andis Kanada eestlastele üle teenetemärgid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ingl. k. lk. 12, pealk.: President Ilves recognized compatriots living in Canada. Kanadas töövisiidil viibiv president Toomas Hendrik Ilves andis 27. mail 2008 Torontos Eesti Majas korraldatud pidulikul õhtusöögil üle teenetemärgid Kanadas elavatele eestlastele Maret Truuvertile, Helgi Sooarule, Toomas Metsalale, Illar-Johannes Lipsonile ja Erich Rannule. Riigipea kohtus ka Ontario provintsi leitnantkuberneri David C. Onley'ga ning külastas Toronto eestlaste hooldekodu Ehatare. President kohtus Kanada parlamendi mõlema koja juhatajate ja kaitseminister Peter G. MacKay'ga ja esines sõnavõtuga Ottawas Kanada-Balti ühenduse pidulikul lõunasöögil. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Kanadas 26.-30.05.2008

  8. What Goes On in Strangers’ Minds? How Reading Children’s Books Affects Emotional Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bettina Kümmerling-Meibauer

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Based on recent studies in developmental psychology and cognitive narratology, this article shows the impact of Theory of Mind on children’s understanding and apprehension of other people’s thoughts and beliefs presented in fictional texts. With a special focus on the depiction of emotions in two children’s novels, Erich Kästner’s Emil and the Detectives (1929 and Anne Cassidy’s Looking for JJ (2004, it is argued that the representation of the main characters’ states of mind demands specific capacities on behalf of the reader, encompassing mind reading and acquisition of higher levels of empathy, thus fostering children’s comprehension of fictional characters’ life conditions.

  9. Dispositivi e critica letteraria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Talamo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the concept of «dispositif» (device through the analysis of the connection with its antecedents in Foucault’s thought: «formation discursive» (discursive formation and «positivité» (positivity. If one defines the device as a whole destined to deteriorate and to surpass itself, the theory of these breaking points becomes clear through the observations about the historical times of Koselleck and Ricœur. The initiative (or «strength of the present» that allows a system to transform itself is identified, within literary criticism, in an articulate role of the author, conjunction and conflict point of an ontology of intentions and an ontology of events. Using these concepts we can read again one of the most important critical essays of the XXth century: Mimesis by Erich Auerbach.

  10. Lire/voir The Ballad of Reading Gaol d’Oscar Wilde à la lumière de l’expressionnisme

    OpenAIRE

    Giudicelli, Xavier

    2017-01-01

    Objet hybride, un livre illustré met en présence deux ensembles de signes distincts qui se complètent, s’éclairent et tissent des relations dialectiques. Cet article se propose d’étudier l’édition de The Ballad of Reading Gaol mise en image par l’artiste expressionniste allemand Erich Heckel en 1907, dans le but d’interroger les effets de lecture produits par la rencontre entre le texte et l’image dans cette édition. Après avoir replacé The Ballad of Reading Gaol et l’édition illustrée par Er...

  11. Quantenphysik und Kommunikationswissenschaft auf dem Weg zu einer allgemeinen Theorie der Kommunikation

    CERN Document Server

    Hamberger, Erich

    2015-01-01

    Der Quantenphysiker Herbert Pietschmann beschäftigt sich seit Jahrzehnten mit dem Phänomen Kommunikation. Der Kommunikationswissenschaftler Erich Hamberger setzt sich seit langem mit der Frage der Adaptierung erkenntnistheoretischer Einsichten der Quantentheorie für die Geistes- und Biowissenschaften auseinander. 2003 begegnen sich die beiden - und staunen über die „verschränkten Erkenntnisinteressen“. 2006 bestreiten sie eine erste gemeinsame universitäre Lehrveranstaltung. 2011 folgt Das Phänomen Kommunikation transdisziplinär betrachtet. Aus ihrer Zusammenarbeit ist dieses Buch entstanden. Naturwissenschaft arbeitet auf der Grundlage des mechanistischen Denkrahmens. Die bisher einzige Ausnahme ist die Quantenphysik. Weder Leben noch Kommunikation ist mittels des mechanistischen Denkrahmens zu verstehen. Auch der Denkrahmen der Quantenphysik reicht dazu nicht aus. Der Bedarf nach adäquatem Denken im Bereich der Kommunikation kann durch quantenphysikalisches Denken NICHT befriedigt werden, jedoc...

  12. Standing in the gap: ref lections on translating the Jung-Neumann correspondence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCartney, Heather

    2016-04-01

    This paper considers the experience of translating the correspondence between C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann as part of the Philemon series. The translator explores the similarities between analytical work and the task of translation by means of the concepts of the dialectical third and the interactional field. The history and politics of the translation of analytic writing and their consequences for the lingua franca of analysis are discussed. Key themes within the correspondence are outlined, including Jung and Neumann's pre-war exploration of Judaism and the unconscious, the post-war difficulties around the publication of Neumann's Depth Psychology and a New Ethic set against the early years of the C.G. Jung Institute in Zurich, and the development of the correspondents' relationship over time. © 2016, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  13. Conjugation-promoted reaction of open-cage fullerene: a density functional theory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Yong; Yan, Jingjing; Khashab, Niveen M

    2012-02-01

    Density functional theory calculations are performed to study the addition mechanism of e-rich moieties such as triethyl phosphite to a carbonyl group on the rim of a fullerene orifice. Three possible reaction channels have been investigated. The obtained results show that the reaction of a carbonyl group on a fullerene orifice with triethyl phosphite most likely proceeds along the classical Abramov reaction; however, the classical product is not stable and is converted into the experimental product. An attack on a fullerene carbonyl carbon will trigger a rearrangement of the phosphate group to the carbonyl oxygen as the conversion transition state is stabilized by fullerene conjugation. This work provides a new insight on the reactivity of open-cage fullerenes, which may prove helpful in designing new switchable fullerene systems. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. Industrial collaborators honoured by ALICE

    CERN Document Server

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    Picture 01 : the winners gather after the ALICE Award ceremony (from left to right): Yuri Saveliev, Stanislav Burachas and Sergei Beloglovsky of North Crystals; Maximilian Metzger, CERN's secretary-general; Rang Cai of ATM; Jürgen Schukraft, ALICE spokesperson; Erich Pamminger and Daniel Gattinger of FACC; and Tiejun Wang of ATM. The ALICE collaboration has presented its second round of awards to three companies for their novel and remarkable contributions to major detector systems: Advance Technology and Materials (ATM), Fischer Advanced Composite Components (FACC) and North Crystals. The awards presented to these three leaders in advanced, modern materials were beautifully sculpted from one of the oldest materials used by mankind to manufacture tools - Mexican Obsidian

  15. [The frieze of the "Mystery villa" in Pompeii. Contribution to the development of female psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwabe, G

    1979-01-01

    The large frieze of the "Villa of the Mysteries" at Pompeji is interpreted on the base of the psychology of C. G. Jung, especially of his student Erich Neumann. According to his psychological theories the frieze is depicting the development of the female principle to individuation, arranged with extraordinary artistic inspiration. Through the myth of Ariadne-Theseus-Dionysus the change of the woman, disappointed from the personal man and hero is shown. Through the experience of the transpersonal male principle in herself she is entering in a new level of conscience, the patriarchism, and so coming to the highest development, to the "Selbst". The experience of the male principle is made through Dionysus, a symbol of change in the theory of the "Archetypen" found by C. G. Jung.

  16. Sadomasochism or the Art of Loving: Fromm and Feminist Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chancer, Lynn S

    2017-08-01

    Although the work of Erich Fromm is not usually associated with feminist theory, his ideas overall are more consonant with contemporary notions of gender than usually recognized. This paper identifies three aspects of Fromm's thought worth feminist revisiting. The first relates to Fromm's gender-less use of sadomasochism to describe relationships based on dominance and subordination; this framework can be applied to sexist dynamics, though not limited to this context. Second, Fromm's vision of love as presented in The Art of Loving can be seen as kindred with Simone de Beauvoir's critique of romantic love and its flaws. Third, and relatedly, Fromm's concerns about the need for recognition as well as autonomy are compatible with Jessica Benjamin's notion of mutual recognition as developed in her book The Bonds of Love. All told, Frommian and feminist thought appear to be more connected than antagonistic.

  17. When Worlds Collide: Sociology, Disciplinary Nightmares, and Fromm's Revision of Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, Neil

    2017-08-01

    After decades of neglect, sociology is experiencing a revival of interest in psychoanalytic insights, and Erich Fromm's work is uniquely valuable for encouraging dialogue between the two fields. A recipient of a PhD in sociology as a young man in the 1920s, Fromm was a prominent psychoanalytic theorist and clinician, as well as a social researcher and public intellectual in the 1930s, up to his death in 1980. After a historical account of the relative neglect of Fromm in both disciplines, this paper examines the place of his psychoanalytic theory within sociology today as a way of discussing sociology's complicated relationship to psychoanalysis and the insights each field can offer the other.

  18. El mundo del libro: noviembre de 1961

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Rodríguez Garavito

    1961-11-01

    Full Text Available El documento presenta la reseña de los siguientes títulos: Nubes de antaño. 1940-1960. Por Octavio Amórtegui. México, 1961. Colombia Cara a Cara. Por Belisario Betancourt. Pesadumbre de la belleza y otros cuentos y apologos. Por Baldomero Sanín Cano. Ediciones MITO. Bogotá, D. E. Dos Ciclos de lirismo colombiano.-Por Carlos Arturo Caparroso. El Método psicoanalítico de Erich Fromm. -Por José Gutiérrez. De los Duros trabajos.-Por Jaime Paredes. Libro de las crónicas. -Por Luis Tejada.

  19. La agresividad humana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olimpia López Avendaño

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se comparan los planteamientos de Sigmund Freud, Herbert Marcusse y Erich Fromm en torno a la agresividad humana. Analizar esta temática en el contexto actual es relevante dado el incremento de acciones que conllevan gran dosis de violencia tanto en el plano físico, como en el psicológico y espiritual, así como la urgencia de plantear soluciones. La posición de los tres autores permite visualizar la pertinencia de explicaciones que tienden a asumirse en la vida cotidiana en torno a este fenómeno y, sobre todo, construir nuevas perspectivas que las relean, trasciendan y enriquezcan.

  20. Quelques conceptions juives de l’individu Some Jewish Conceptions of the Individual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Guetta

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Is there a Jewish conception of the individual subject? The issue is quite problematic, for several reasons: 1 it is difficult to speak of Judaism in a monolithic manner, because Judaism is a multifaceted reality, varying according to different epochs and places, to the point that we should speak of “Judaisms”, in the plural; 2 if the question of the individual subject is connected to the vision that the Western (meaning, European, essentially Christian culture has constructed, Judaism can hardly be defined as “Occidental” or “Oriental”. After a short analysis of these two points, we present the conceptions of the individual subject as developed by two major Jewish thinkers of the twentieth century: Martin Buber (1878-1965 and Erich Fromm (1900-1980. Both based their visions on traditional Jewish sources (Bible, Talmud but attributed them a universal value.

  1. Krieg und Literatur War and Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elfi N. Theis

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Schreiben gegen Krieg und Gewalt heißt der Band 19 der Schriften-Reihe des Erich-Maria-Remarque-Archivs, in dem es um Ingeborg Bachmann und die deutschsprachige Literatur 1945-1980 geht. Der Band enthält die Beiträge zu einem Symposion, das am 14.-15. Januar 2005 an der Universität Nottingham stattgefunden hat. Im Mittelpunkt stand die Frage, welche Strategien im Umgang mit Nationalsozialismus, Holocaust, zweitem Weltkrieg, Kaltem Krieg oder Vietnamkrieg und auch dem deutschen Kolonialismus bei Bachmann und anderen deutschsprachigen Autoren zu finden sind. Anlass zur Tagung war die in Wien und Salzburg konzipierte Ausstellung Schreiben gegen den Krieg: Ingeborg Bachmann, 1926-1973. In insgesamt dreizehn Beiträgen wird im vorliegenden Band die literarische Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema Gewalt und Krieg beleuchtet.Volume 19 of the series published by the Erich-Maria-Remarque Archive is entitled “Writing against War and Violence” (“Schreiben gegen Krieg und Gewalt” and approaches Ingeborg Bachmann and German language literature from 1945 to 1980. The volume contains contributions based on a symposium that took place at the University of Nottingham on January 14-15, 2005. Central to the symposium was the question as to which strategies Bachmann and other German language authors utilized in their approach to National Socialism, the Holocaust, the Second World War, the Cold War, or the Vietnam War, as well as German colonialism. The impetus for the conference was the exhibition Writing Against the War: Ingeborg Bachmann, 1926-1973 conceived in Vienna and Salzburg. In the volume at hand, thirteen contributions in total illuminate literary confrontations with the themes of war and violence.

  2. Escaping the Self: Identity, Group Identification and Violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Hardie-Bick

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article draws on the early work of Erich Fromm. In Escape from Freedom Fromm (1969 [1941] directly addressed the psychological mechanisms of escape modern individuals employ to protect themselves from feelings of ontological insecurity and existential estrangement. The article builds on Fromm’s analysis by discussing the significance of his escape mechanisms for understanding the dynamic psychological attractions of identifying with entitative groups. Fromm’s work will be discussed in relation to Hogg’s recent work on uncertainty-identity theory. The aim of the article is to examine the advantages of combining Fromm’s psychoanalytic analysis with Hogg’s uncertainty-identity theory and to highlight the potential this approach has for understanding why groups engage in violent and destructive behaviour. Este artículo se inspira en las primeras obras de Erich Fromm. En El miedo a la libertad, Fromm (1969 [1941] abordó directamente los mecanismos psicológicos de evasión que los individuos modernos emplean para protegerse de los sentimientos de inseguridad ontológica y distanciamiento existencial. Este artículo se basa en el análisis de Fromm exponiendo el significado de sus mecanismos de evasión para entender las atracciones psicológicas dinámicas de identificación con grupos entitativos. Se analizará la obra de Fromm en relación con la obra reciente de Hogg sobre la teoría de incertidumbre identitaria. El objetivo del artículo es examinar las ventajas de combinar el análisis psicoanalítico de Fromm con la teoría de incertidumbre identitaria de Hogg, y destacar el potencial que tiene esta aproximación para comprender por qué los grupos adoptan un comportamiento violento y destructivo. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2875737

  3. Cluster analysis in soft X-ray spectromicroscopy: Finding the patterns in complex specimens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lerotic, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States)]. E-mail: lerotic@xray1.physics.sunysb.edu; Jacobsen, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States); Gillow, J.B. [Environmental Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Francis, A.J. [Environmental Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Wirick, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States); Vogt, S. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Maser, J. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

    2005-06-15

    Soft X-ray spectromicroscopy provides spectral data on the chemical speciation of light elements at sub-100 nanometer spatial resolution. If all chemical species in a specimen are known and separately characterized, existing approaches can be used to measure the concentration of each component at each pixel. In other situations such as in biology or environmental science, this approach may not be possible. We have previously described [M. Lerotic, C. Jacobsen, T. Schaefer, S. Vogt, Ultramicroscopy 100 (1-2) (2004) 35] the use of principle component analysis (PCA) to orthogonalize and noise-filter spectromicroscopy data, and cluster analysis (Canada) to classify the analyzed data and obtain thickness maps of representative spectra. We describe here an extension of that work employing an angle distance measure; this measure provides better classification based on spectral signatures alone in specimens with significant thickness variations. The method is illustrated using simulated data, and also to examine sporulation in the bacterium Clostridium sp.

  4. Bottom Production

    CERN Document Server

    Nason, P.; Schneider, O.; Tartarelli, G.F.; Vikas, P.; Baines, J.; Baranov, S.P.; Bartalini, P.; Bay, A.; Bouhova, E.; Cacciari, M.; Caner, A.; Coadou, Y.; Corti, G.; Damet, J.; Dell'Orso, R.; De Mello Neto, J.R.T.; Domenech, J.L.; Drollinger, V.; Eerola, P.; Ellis, N.; Epp, B.; Frixione, S.; Gadomski, S.; Gavrilenko, I.; Gennai, S.; George, S.; Ghete, V.M.; Guy, L.; Hasegawa, Y.; Iengo, P.; Jacholkowska, A.; Jones, R.; Kharchilava, A.; Kneringer, E.; Koppenburg, P.; Korsmo, H.; Kramer, M.; Labanca, N.; Lehto, M.; Maltoni, F.; Mangano, Michelangelo L.; Mele, S.; Nairz, A.M.; Nakada, T.; Nikitin, N.; Nisati, A.; Norrbin, E.; Palla, F.; Rizatdinova, F.; Robins, S.; Rousseau, D.; Sanchis-Lozano, M.A.; Shapiro, M.; Sherwood, P.; Smirnova, L.; Smizanska, M.; Starodumov, A.; Stepanov, N.; Vogt, R.

    2000-01-01

    We review the prospects for bottom production physics at the LHC. Members of the working group who has contributed to this document are: J. Baines, S.P. Baranov, P. Bartalini, A. Bay, E. Bouhova, M. Cacciari, A. Caner, Y. Coadou, G. Corti, J. Damet, R. Dell'Orso, J.R.T. De Mello Neto, J.L. Domenech, V. Drollinger, P. Eerola, N. Ellis, B. Epp, S. Frixione, S. Gadomski, I. Gavrilenko, S. Gennai, S. George, V.M. Ghete, L. Guy, Y. Hasegawa, P. Iengo, A. Jacholkowska, R. Jones, A. Kharchilava, E. Kneringer, P. Koppenburg, H. Korsmo, M. Kraemer, N. Labanca, M. Lehto, F. Maltoni, M.L. Mangano, S. Mele, A.M. Nairz, T. Nakada, N. Nikitin, A. Nisati, E. Norrbin, F. Palla, F. Rizatdinova, S. Robins, D. Rousseau, M.A. Sanchis-Lozano, M. Shapiro, P. Sherwood, L. Smirnova, M. Smizanska, A. Starodumov, N. Stepanov, R. Vogt

  5. A glance at Spanish embryology and teratology during the XX century through the academic life of Francisco Orts-Llorca (1905-1993).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aréchaga, Juan; Jiménez-Collado, Juan; Ruano-Gil, Domingo

    2009-01-01

    Francisco Ort-Llorca (1905-1993) was one of the most outstanding Spanish embryologists of the XX century. He was disciple of Henri Rouvire in Paris (France), Alfred Fischel in Vienna (Austria), Walther Vogt in Munich (Germany) and Pedro Ara in Madrid (Spain). From 1935, he was professor of Human Anatomy at the Faculty of Medicine of Cadiz, belonged then to the University of Seville (accidentally, in the University of Valencia, during the Spanish Civil War from 1936-1939) and, later on, at the Faculty of Medicine of Madrid (Complutense University) from 1954 to 1975. He was internationally recognized in anatomical sciences and stood out for his contributions to descriptive and experimental Embryology and Teratology, particularly in those aspects connected to the normal and pathological development of the heart and visual organs.

  6. Serous Retinal Detachments Complicating Interferon-α and Ribavirin Treatment in Patients with Hepatitis C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulio Modorati

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report the cases of two patients with chronic hepatitis C infection showing serous retinal detachments similar to Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH disease. Methods: We reviewed the clinical records of two patients who were diagnosed with VKH-like disease during combined interferon-α (IFNα and ribavirin treatment. Results: Interruption of IFNα and ribavirin treatment in association with oral corticosteroids resulted in a favorable visual outcome in the case of diffuse retinal detachment (case 1. On the contrary, visual acuity did not improve when late cicatricial stage disease was already present (case 2. Conclusion: There is increasing evidence of a link between hepatitis C virus infection treated with pegylated IFNα-2b and the development of VKH-like disease. Knowing the potential side effects of IFNα and ribavirin administration is fundamentally important, as is the need to closely follow up those patients that need to undergo this treatment.

  7. Fotometría y polarimetría de Trumpler 21

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giorgi, E.; Baume, G.; Vázquez, R. A.

    Se presentan los resultados de las observaciones fotométricas CCD-UBVI hasta aproximadamente magnitud V = 19 y polarimétricas UBVRI hasta V =13 en la región del cúmulo abierto Trumpler 21. El mismo se halla en una dirección cercana al remanente de supernova G307.6-0.3 y fue estudiado previamente por Moffat y Vogt (1973) y por Peterson y FitzGerald (1988) mediante fotometría fotoeléctrica de las estrellas más brillantes. Se ha redeterminado el enrojecimiento, la distancia y la edad de dicho objeto. Se han hallado además los valores de las pendientes de las funciones de luminosidad y de masa comparandoselas con las de otros cúmulos de edades similares.

  8. [Variations on the "scientific culture" in four Brazilian authors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, Marina Assis; Oliveira, Bernardo Jefferson de

    2015-01-01

    The concept of "scientific culture" varies historically, and the examination of its continuities and transformations can help us understand the relationship between the scientific community and society. The views on the role of science in society go far beyond the advancement of a particular form of knowledge and its possible or promising fruit. They involve values, postures and practices to be disseminated and reveal expectations of social and cultural advancement. This article discusses four expressive visions of different moments in Brazilian history. The formulations of four influential authors in scientific and educational policies of the country at different times are presented and analyzed: Miguel Ozorio de Almeida, Anísio Teixeira, Maurício Rocha e Silva and Carlos Vogt.

  9. Nonlinear correction to the longitudinal structure function at small x

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boroun, G.R.

    2010-01-01

    We computed the longitudinal proton structure function F L , using the nonlinear Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi (NLDGLAP) evolution equation approach at small x. For the gluon distribution, the nonlinear effects are related to the longitudinal structure function. As the very small-x behavior of the gluon distribution is obtained by solving the Gribov, Levin, Ryskin, Mueller and Qiu (GLR-MQ) evolution equation with the nonlinear shadowing term incorporated, we show that the strong rise that corresponds to the linear QCD evolution equations can be tamed by screening effects. Consequently, the obtained longitudinal structure function shows a tamed growth at small x. We computed the predictions for all details of the nonlinear longitudinal structure function in the kinematic range where it has been measured by the H1 Collaboration and made comparisons with the computation by Moch, Vermaseren and Vogt at the second order with input data from the MRST QCD fit. (orig.)

  10. Calculation of the gamma-dose rate from a continuously emitted plume

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huebschmann, W.; Papadopoulos, D.

    1975-06-01

    A computer model is presented which calculates the long term gamma dose rate caused by the radioactive off-gas continuously emitted from a stack. The statistical distribution of the wind direction and velocity and of the stability categories is taken into account. The emitted activity, distributed in the atmosphere according to this statistics, is assumed to be concentrated at the mesh points of a three-dimensional grid. The grid spacing and the integration limits determine the accuracy as well as the computer time needed. When calculating the dose rate in a given wind direction, the contribution of the activity emitted into the neighbouring sectors is evaluated. This influence is demonstrated in the results, which are calculated with a error below 3% and compared to the dose rate distribution curves of the submersion model and the model developed by K.J. Vogt. (orig.) [de

  11. [Atypical manifestations in familial type 1 Waardenburg syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sans, B; Calvas, P; Bazex, J

    1998-01-01

    Waardenburg syndrome is an uncommon genetic disorder. Four clinical types are recognized. Three responsible genes have been identified (PAX 3: for type I syndrome, MITF and EDN3 for types II and IV respectively). We report the case of a patient with Waardenburg type I morphotype who had atypical neurological manifestations. Decisive elements for diagnosis were the presence of Waardenburg syndrome in the family and, in affected kin, a mutation causing a shift in PAX 3 gene reading. This case confirms the variability of Waardenburg signs within one family. The association of unusual neurological manifestations in the proband suggested that Vogt Koyanagi Harada disease may have been associated and may show some relationship with familial Waardenburg syndrome.

  12. Korbinian Brodmann (1868-1918) and his contributions to mapping the cerebral cortex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loukas, Marios; Pennell, Christopher; Groat, Christopher; Tubbs, R Shane; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

    2011-01-01

    Korbinian Brodmann is best remembered for his classification of cortical areas based on cytoarchitecture. He was influenced by such greats as Alzheimer, Vogt, Edinger, Nissl, and Weigert. Although first presented in 1903, Brodmann's "mapping" continues to be the lingua franca of cortical localization and his writings on this topic have become neurological classics. Many of his areas have gone on to be associated with various nervous functions such as hearing (areas 41 and 42) and vision (areas 17 and 18). Few textbooks of neurology, neuroanatomy, or neurosurgery fail to mention the important maps produced by Brodmann that are still used today. The present article discusses the life and influence of Korbinian Brodmann on our understanding of the human brain.

  13. User-oriented training of social, technical, financial and business management skills in the field of PV solar electricity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bopp, G.; Golz, S.; Holz, F.; Roth, W.; Vogt, G.

    2004-01-01

    Education, training and awareness raising is recognised to be a main task for the development of markets and technologies. One reason for the failure of many projects and programs of rural electrification attributes to the lack of knowledge, training and competence of participating people at all levels. (International Energy Agency IEA, 2003). All these alerting experiences advise that different accompanying measures have to be considered in line with designing and implementing solar power systems. Both in grid connected and off-grid markets cultural, social, economical, organisational, and financial aspects have to be incorporated (Will and Vogt, 2003). Various competencies and skills are required to plan, implement, commission, and promote solar power systems. Therefore the substantial objective of this article is to illustrate the spectrum of relevant training topics, to report from current state of knowledge in two exemplary markets and to describe the profit of customized training programs. (authors)

  14. Desmoplastic Fibroma Recurrence Associated with Tuberous Sclerosis in a Young Patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Espinoza-Coronado

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Case Report. A nine-year-old patient with a diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis (with no pathological record that showed calcifications at the brain level. Besides, the case showed the Vogt triad (epilepsy, mental retardation, and sebaceous adenoma. The patient clinically showed a volume increase of hard consistency, without suppuration and no sessile that included the following teeth 73, 74, and 75. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT was obtained, and it displayed a delimited unilocular lesion. After surgical excision, the histopathological report was desmoplastic fibroma (DF. It was observed that the patient had an aggressive recurrence of DF at four months after surgery treatment. Due to these clinical findings, resective osseous surgery and curettage were carried out. It is uncommon to find these two pathologies together (DF and tuberous sclerosis. Since DF is a benign pathology but very invasive and destructive, it is necessary a constant follow-up examination due to a high recurrence frequency.

  15. Intravitreal triamcinolone for intraocular inflammation and associated macular edema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven M Couch

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Steven M Couch, Sophie J BakriMayo Clinic Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USAAbstract: Triamcinolone acetonide (TA is a corticosteroid that has many uses in the treatment of ocular diseases because of its potent anti-inflammatory and anti-permeability actions. Intraocular inflammation broadly referred to as uveitis can result from several causes, including the immune system and after ophthalmic surgery. One of the most common reasons for vision loss with uveitis is macular edema. TA has been used for many years as an intravitreal injection for the treatment of ocular diseases. Several case control studies have been reported showing the efficacy of TA in the treatment of intraocular inflammation and associated macular edema caused by Behcet’s disease, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome, sympathetic ophthalmia and white dot syndromes. It has also been shown efficacious in cases of pars planitis and idiopathic posterior uveitis. Some authors have reported its use in postoperative cystoid macular edema. Many of the studies on the use of TA in controlling intraocular inflammation and concomitant macular edema showed its effect to be transient in many patients requiring reinjection. Complications can arise from intravitreal injection of TA including elevated intraocular pressure and cataract. Rarely, it can be associated with infectious and non-infectious endophthalmitis. TA may be useful as an adjuvant in the treatment of uveitis and its associated macular edema, especially in patients resistant or intolerant to standard treatment.Keywords: triamcinolone acetonide, Behcet’s disease, sympathetic ophthalmia, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome, white dot syndromes, uveitis, cataract surgery, macular edema, endophthalmitis

  16. Magnetic resonance imaging of uveitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Charles Q.; Mafee, Mahmood F.; Cho, Aaron A.; Edward, Neeraj J.; Edward, Deepak P.; Fajardo, Roman G.

    2015-01-01

    Uveitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the choroid, iris, or ciliary body, which make up the uveal tract. It can be idiopathic or associated with a systemic disease which may be infectious or noninfectious. With the exception of B-scan ultrasonography, current imaging methods for diagnosing and monitoring uveitis are predominately non-radiologic. Although MRI has been anecdotally shown to detect various inflammatory conditions of the globe, such as posterior scleritis, endophthalmitis, and posterior uveitis secondary to Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, a more comprehensive review of the MRI findings in uveitis of various etiologies is presented here. The MRI and CT studies of seven patients with uveitis and the clinical history of three of them (not available in four patients) were reviewed. Etiologies included ankylosing spondylitis, relapsing polychondritis, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, sarcoidosis, and tuberculosis. Increased gadolinium enhancement of the uveal tract, which is visualized as the enhancing layer immediately deep to the low-signal sclera, was seen on all six MRI studies. Diffusion-weighted imaging of a case with posterior uveitis and subretinal effusions revealed restriction within the uvea and effusions. Two patients had inflammatory nodules adherent to the uvea, two patients had vitreous humor abnormalities, and one patient exhibited proximal perineural and perimuscular spread of enhancement. Uveoscleral thickening and enhancement with a posterior calcification were observed in the patient with chronic uveitis imaged with CT. Increased uveal tract enhancement is a common finding in patients with uveitis, regardless of anatomic distribution and etiology. MRI can also further evaluate complications of uveitis and help differentiate it from masquerade syndromes. (orig.)

  17. Magnetic resonance imaging of uveitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Charles Q.; Mafee, Mahmood F. [University of California, San Diego, Department of Radiology, San Diego, CA (United States); Cho, Aaron A. [Naval Medical Center, San Diego, CA (United States); Edward, Neeraj J. [University of Cincinnati, Department of Anesthesiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Edward, Deepak P. [King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Fajardo, Roman G. [University of California, San Diego, Shiley Eye Center, La Jolla, CA (United States)

    2015-08-15

    Uveitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the choroid, iris, or ciliary body, which make up the uveal tract. It can be idiopathic or associated with a systemic disease which may be infectious or noninfectious. With the exception of B-scan ultrasonography, current imaging methods for diagnosing and monitoring uveitis are predominately non-radiologic. Although MRI has been anecdotally shown to detect various inflammatory conditions of the globe, such as posterior scleritis, endophthalmitis, and posterior uveitis secondary to Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, a more comprehensive review of the MRI findings in uveitis of various etiologies is presented here. The MRI and CT studies of seven patients with uveitis and the clinical history of three of them (not available in four patients) were reviewed. Etiologies included ankylosing spondylitis, relapsing polychondritis, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, sarcoidosis, and tuberculosis. Increased gadolinium enhancement of the uveal tract, which is visualized as the enhancing layer immediately deep to the low-signal sclera, was seen on all six MRI studies. Diffusion-weighted imaging of a case with posterior uveitis and subretinal effusions revealed restriction within the uvea and effusions. Two patients had inflammatory nodules adherent to the uvea, two patients had vitreous humor abnormalities, and one patient exhibited proximal perineural and perimuscular spread of enhancement. Uveoscleral thickening and enhancement with a posterior calcification were observed in the patient with chronic uveitis imaged with CT. Increased uveal tract enhancement is a common finding in patients with uveitis, regardless of anatomic distribution and etiology. MRI can also further evaluate complications of uveitis and help differentiate it from masquerade syndromes. (orig.)

  18. Veritas temporis filia est: Truth is the daughter of time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pržulj Novo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1865, Gregor Mendel presented the lectures 'Experiments in Plant Hybridization' concerning his results from cross-breeding experiments with different types of garden pea, performed in his monastery garden in Brno. Mendel studied easily observed pairs of opposite traits, such as purple or white flower, and discovered dominant and recessive traits. He concluded that parents pass separate and distinct factors (today called genes on to their offspring that are responsible for inherited traits. However, the scientific community did not understand that; indeed it was the beginning of what becomes genetics. The lectures published in 1866, Mendel sent to more than 30 biologists across Europe, but almost no one commented them. In the next 35 years, these papers were only three times cited. The genetics became more important at the beginning of the 20th century, when three different research groups (Hugo de Vries, Carl Erich Correns and Erich von Tschermak with their co-workers independently re-discovered Mendel's Laws of inheritance. However, as soon as the work was rediscovered, it created controversy. The closeness of Mendel's experimental observations to those predicted by his theories has led to numerous articles and ongoing debate about whether the data could have been obtained in the published form without some falsification. There have been many plausible arguments made for and against this view by a range of eminent geneticists and statisticians. Some have gone so far, as to suggest that the theories ensued from Mendel's two laws were not even correctly formulated in his original paper. The strongest supporters of Mendel's theory became biologist William Bateson and zoologist and geneticist Thomas Hunt Morgan. Morgan argued that genes are located on chromosomes and that the cells chromosomes hold the actual hereditary material, thus created what is now known as classical genetics. For his discovery concerning the role play by the chromosome in

  19. Contributions to the 14. Geoengineering congress in Munich. Geoengineering with the parameters time and quality; Beitraege zum 14. Geotechnik-Tag in Muenchen. Geotechnik mit den Parametern Zeit und Qualitaet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, Norbert (ed.)

    2016-05-01

    This proceedings contains the following twelve papers: Why time and quality play a role? (Gebhard Dausch); Models for settlement prediction of structures in opencast dumps (Emanuel Birle, Stefan Vogt); Quality improvement and risk reduction through alternative proposals? Example: Intake structure of a coal-fired plant Wilhelmshaven (Thomas Brand, Friderike Hamm); History and methodology of the development of the combined pile and raft foundation (Rolf Katzenbach); Hazardous waste dump at Malsch - long-term monitoring of the safety measures (Walter Laechler, Fred Dietzel); Murphy's Law on the example of Protzenweiher Bridge (Markus Herten, Andreas Beier); ''Permanent anchor'' - state of the art and long-term experience with the durability of ground anchors (Karsten Beck House, Henning Lesemann); Optimized quality management of the implementation of DSM-works (W. Sondermann, W. Wehr); Subway construction in Doha on the example of the Green Line (Guenther Heilmayer); Marmaray Project - Bosphorus Crossing tunnels and stations - Geotechnical Aspects (Nurettin Demir); Crossrail C310 Thames Tunnel, geotechnical and tunnel construction challenges in urban tunnelling with variable ground conditions (Andreas Raedle, Stephan Assenmacher, Esters Sophia Karl); Proof concept of establishing the underground central station Stuttgart 21 - Numerical modeling and calibration (Roberto Cudmani). [German] Dieser Tagungsband enthaelt folgende zwoelf Beitraege: Warum Zeit und Qualitaet eine Rolle spielen (Gebhard Dausch); Modelle zur Setzungsprognose von Bauwerken auf Tagebaukippen (Emanuel Birle, Stefan Vogt); Qualitaetsverbesserung und Risikominimierung durch Sondervorschlaege? Beispiel: Entnahmebauwerk Kohlekraftwerk Wilhelmshaven (Thomas Brand, Friderike Hamm); Historie und Methodik der Entwicklung der Kombinierten Pfahl-Plattengruendung (KPP) (Rolf Katzenbach); Langzeitkontrolle der Sicherungsmassnahmen der Sonderabfalldeponie Malsch (Walter Laechler, Fred

  20. An ethics of suffering: does it solve the problems we want to solve?: commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Barbara Springer

    1991-01-01

    Erich H. Loewy proposes to elevate the moral obligation to prevent and relieve suffering to the level of a prima facie moral duty by delineating which beings are of primary moral worth and which are of secondary moral worth. Sentient beings have a capacity to suffer and are therefore of primary moral worth. Beings that are insentient cannot suffer; therefore such beings are only of secondary moral worth. Objects of secondary moral worth include patients in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) and brain-dead patients. This proposal, he says, would solve a number of problems in clinical bioethics. First, it would help to clarify our moral duties at the bedside. And secondly, by creating a hierarchy of moral values, it helps to differentiate which patients are owed our primary allegiance and resources. Despite his extensive and painstaking proof, I believe several questions remain about the use of the "capacity of sentient beings to suffer" as a basis for a universal grounding in ethics.

  1. Denkbilder des kulturellen Gedächtnisses Tschechische Lesebuchtexte aus Remarques Im Westen nichts Neues // Denkbilder of Cultural Memory: Remarque’s All Quiet on the Western Front as Anthologized in Czech School Textbooks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ursula Stohler

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a research project on the history of mentalities in Czech culture of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century. The project analyses textbooks for the teaching of Czech literature for secondary schools. It focuses in particular on the excerpts from the literary works and analyses their potential for the learners to acquire cultural and historical knowledge as well as personal skills. These excerpts are conceptualized here as Denkbilder, a term that has been used repeatedly in German literature studies recently to define short prose texts that stimulate imagination as well as reflection. Responding to the high number of literary works from world literature in the Czech textbooks analysed for the project, this article addresses the contrasting presentations of one classic of German literature, Erich Maria Remarque’s 1929 novel All Quiet on the Western Front (Im Westen nichts Neues. It illustrates how a single literary work can be presented in different ways in literature textbooks, offering the learners different approaches for relating to the text and activating their cognitive and imaginative resources.

  2. Atti del seminario internazionale "Immagini d'Italia e d'Europa nella letteratura e nella documentazione di viaggio nel XVIII e nel XIX secolo", (Firenze, 1999-2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Pasta

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Renato Pasta, Introduzione. Paolo Marchetti, I giuristi e i confini. L'elaborazione giuridica della nozione di confine tra Medioevo ed età moderna. Jürgen Osterhammel, Atlantic Slavery: A Problem of Cross-Boundary History. Hans Erich Boedeker, "Europe" in the Discourse of the Sciences of State in 18th Century Germany. Sergueï Karp, Les recherches récentes (1990-2000 des relations culturelles franco-russes au XVIIIe siècle. Ananij Gerasimovič Ivanov, Il sistema amministrativo russo nella regione dei Mari dalla seconda metà del XVI al XVIII secolo. Il voevoda. Giulia Cecere, L' «Oriente d'Europa»: un'idea in movimento (sec. XVIII. Un contributo cartografico. Natividad Planas, Conflits de compétence aux frontières. Le contrôle de la circulation des hommes et des marchandises dans le royaume de Majorque au XVIIe siècle. Augustin Hernando, Identidad y representación de Europa en la docencia e investigación geográfica española. Teresa Isenburg, Separare ed Unire. Appunti sulle frontiere brasiliane fra Otto e Novecento: il caso della Guiana britannica

  3. Peter as character in the Gospel of Matthew: complexity and inversion

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    João Leonel

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the apostle Peter as a character in the Gospel of Matthew.  It aims at identifying the nuances and changes of the character Peter in the Gospel. For this purpose, I take as a starting point that the gospel belongs to the literary genre of ancient Greco-Roman Biography, which presents Jesus Christ as the protagonist. The other characters are developed in relationship with him. The same is true with the Apostle Peter. The article unfolds from narrative theory, in particular the categorization of characters. I categorize, based on Erich Auerbach and Robert Alter, the features of biblical characters, developing comparisons with theories of the character in the modern novel. The analysis of the main texts from the Gospel of Matthew that portray the character Peter leads to the conclusion that its main features are complexity and inversion. They produce an overview of the involution of the character in the narrative of the Gospel of Matthew.

  4. Protein classification using modified n-grams and skip-grams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, S M Ashiqul; Heil, Benjamin J; Kearney, Christopher Michel; Baker, Erich J

    2018-05-01

    Classification by supervised machine learning greatly facilitates the annotation of protein characteristics from their primary sequence. However, the feature generation step in this process requires detailed knowledge of attributes used to classify the proteins. Lack of this knowledge risks the selection of irrelevant features, resulting in a faulty model. In this study, we introduce a supervised protein classification method with a novel means of automating the work-intensive feature generation step via a Natural Language Processing (NLP)-dependent model, using a modified combination of n-grams and skip-grams (m-NGSG). A meta-comparison of cross-validation accuracy with twelve training datasets from nine different published studies demonstrates a consistent increase in accuracy of m-NGSG when compared to contemporary classification and feature generation models. We expect this model to accelerate the classification of proteins from primary sequence data and increase the accessibility of protein characteristic prediction to a broader range of scientists. m-NGSG is freely available at Bitbucket: https://bitbucket.org/sm_islam/mngsg/src. A web server is available at watson.ecs.baylor.edu/ngsg. erich_baker@baylor.edu. Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

  5. [Phenomenological anthropological social psychiatry--paving the way for a theoretical reanimation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoma, Samuel

    2012-11-01

    This article tries to link the present lack of theoretical discussion within German Social Psychiatry with a loss of phenomenological and anthropological thought. The so-called Phenomenological Psychiatry used to play a very important role in German psychiatry during the 50 ies until the 70 ies and had strong influences on the first reformers of German psychiatry, such as Walter Ritter von Baeyer, Heinz Häfner, Caspar Kulenkampff, Karl Peter Kisker and Erich Wulff. Their reforms were not only founded by a social criticism put forth by theories such as marxism (Basaglia, Wulff) or structuralism (Foucault) but also by a concrete notion of what it is like to suffer from mental illness and what kind of needs are linked to such suffering. This very notion was given by the phenomenological approach. Finally the article tries to give reasons for today's reciprocal loss of connection of the phenomenological and the socio-psychiatric school. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  6. Conjugation-promoted reaction of open-cage fullerene: A density functional theory study

    KAUST Repository

    Guo, Yong

    2012-01-20

    Density functional theory calculations are performed to study the addition mechanism of e-rich moieties such as triethyl phosphite to a carbonyl group on the rim of a fullerene orifice. Three possible reaction channels have been investigated. The obtained results show that the reaction of a carbonyl group on a fullerene orifice with triethyl phosphite most likely proceeds along the classical Abramov reaction; however, the classical product is not stable and is converted into the experimental product. An attack on a fullerene carbonyl carbon will trigger a rearrangement of the phosphate group to the carbonyl oxygen as the conversion transition state is stabilized by fullerene conjugation. This work provides a new insight on the reactivity of open-cage fullerenes, which may prove helpful in designing new switchable fullerene systems. Not that classical: The reaction of a carbonyl group on the fullerene orifice with triethyl phosphite most likely proceeds following the Abramov reaction to firstly form a classical product. However, this product is not stable and turns into an experimental product as the conversion transition state is stabilized by fullerene conjugation (see picture). Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  7. Berliner Ensemble 1957 – Piccolo Teatro 1963. Science in the reception of Brecht’s "Galileo" as from the press reviews on both stagings (Italian original version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Cuomo

    Full Text Available The article reports the outcome of an analysis of the reception of Bertolt Brecht’s play, "The Life of Galileo", as presented by Giorgio Strehler (Milan, 1963 and Brecht himself in collaboration with Erich Engel (East Berlin, 1957, carried out on respective press reviews. The reviews were examined by the application of quantitative analysis based on the recurrence of determinate themes associated with images of science. In comparing the results of the analysis of each of the two press reviews, it appears that different images were conveyed by the same play performed in two different contexts for different audiences. Italy, in particular, showed a more frequent recurrence of the conflict between science and religion as a result of the ongoing cultural and spiritual authority of the Church, whereas in the German Democratic Republic’s communist regime, where Brecht is a troublesome but tolerated intellectual, the topics of the scientist’s freedom within the Establishment and intellectual courage were more frequent.

  8. Berliner Ensemble 1957 – Piccolo Teatro 1963. Science in the reception of Brecht’s "Galileo" as from the press reviews on both stagings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Cuomo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The article reports the outcome of an analysis of the reception of Bertolt Brecht’s play, "The Life of Galileo", as presented by Giorgio Strehler (Milan, 1963 and Brecht himself in collaboration with Erich Engel (East Berlin, 1957, carried out on respective press reviews. The reviews were examined by the application of quantitative analysis based on the recurrence of determinate themes associated with images of science. In comparing the results of the analysis of each of the two press reviews, it appears that different images were conveyed by the same play performed in two different contexts for different audiences. Italy, in particular, showed a more frequent recurrence of the conflict between science and religion as a result of the ongoing cultural and spiritual authority of the Church, whereas in the German Democratic Republic’s communist regime, where Brecht is a troublesome but tolerated intellectual, the topics of the scientist’s freedom within the Establishment and intellectual courage were more frequent.

  9. Neyman

    CERN Document Server

    Reid, Constance

    1998-01-01

    This book is the result of a suggestion made to me by Erich Lehmann of the Department of Statistics of the University of California at Berkeley. Throughout the writing of it I have enjoyed his assistance and companion­ ship and that of his wife, Juliet Shaffer. In the beginning, writing about a man like Neyman, who was alive and still very active, I planned to limit myself to his recollections and records and to my personal observations of him during his eighty-fifth year. It soon became apparent, however, that I would need to supplement these with the recollections of his colleagues and former students. With his consent I consulted them. I am most grateful for the time and effort which so many people expended in talking and writing to me. I would like to mention especially the assistance I received from Lucien Le Cam and Elizabeth Scott and the very friendly cooperation of Egon S. Pearson. Without the latter's careful preservation of Neyman's early letters I would have found it impossible to write in any de...

  10. Hoechst and Wacker plan joint venture in PVC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Young, I.

    1992-01-01

    Restructuring of Europe's petrochemical industry has taken a further step with the announcement that Hoechst (Frankfurt) and Wacker Chemie (Munich) are planning a joint venture in polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The venture would include production, R ampersand D, sales and marketing, plus both companies' PVC recycling activities. However, their vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) plants, and Hoechst's Kalle PVC film business, have been left out. Erich Schnitzler, head of Hoechst's PVC business unit, does not anticipate problems with the European Community's competition directorate. We are both among the middle-sized European PVC producers, and together we would have a 9%-10% market share. Our joint venture would not limit competition. Both partners are hoping for approval from Brussels in first-quarter 1993. Hoechst has 255,000 m.t./year of PVC capacity at Gendorfand Knapsack, while Wacker has 365,000 m.t./year at Burghausen and Cologne. All the units, except Wacker's Cologne plant, are back integrated to VCM. The joint venture would buy VCM from the two parent companies and on the merchant market

  11. O impacto da Primeira Guerra Mundial sobre a Europa e a literatura de guerra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volker Jaeckel

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Hoje, cem anos depois das maiores batalhas navais e de trincheiras, cabe a pergunta: como esta Grande Guerra Europeia mudou não somente as configurações do continente, mas também os conceitos de guerra e de literatura de guerra? Até o século XIX, a guerra era vista por muitos como um ato heroico, pelo qual os homens podiam comprovar a sua valentia numa luta aberta, encarando diretamente o inimigo. Com a nova tecnologia de armas, a morte vem de forma invisível: gás, submarinos, artilharias de longo alcance, minas, aviões, tanques e metralhadoras. Muda-se a estratégia bélica e finda o sentimento de uma luta nobre para defender a pátria. Neste artigo, a grande desilusão com a guerra será exemplificada através dos romances Nada de novo no front (1929 de Erich Maria Remarque, Os quatro cavaleiros do Apocalipse (1916 de Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, abarcando a guerra terrestre, assim como o drama expressionista Batalha naval (1917 de Reinhard Göring.

  12. ‘From “bad” to “good”: Baroque architecture through a century of art historiography and politics’: Evonne Levy, Baroque and the Political Language of Formalism (1845-1945: Burckhardt, Wölfflin, Gurlitt, Brinckmann, Sedlmayr, 400 pp., 42 ills, Basel: Schwabe, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco M. Mascolo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The political element in art history has often played a crucial role and has been individuated as such for artists or their clients. But the political elements that shaped art historical theories or pattern of interpretations are not always clearly addressed as object of analysis. With this book Evonne Levy offers an explanation of the role politics and historical circumstances had on the shaping of an art-historical discourse between 1845 and 1945, focusing her attention on five major Germanophone scholars that had a crucial role in the rediscovery and study of the architectural Baroque. The concept was, as Levy argues in this book, a perfect example to detect the political implications of formalism, which in its reception is often considered apolitical. Aiming to situate formalism in its historical context, Levy focuses primarily on characterising formalist researches about Baroque through the political and philosophical elements that influenced Jacob Burckhardt, Heinrich Wölfflin, Cornelius Gurlitt, Albert Erich Brinckmann and Hans Sedlmayr between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Levy demonstrates how Baroque, from a ‘bad’ style and a ‘bad’ element in German art hds gradually become a ‘good’ element of art-historical discourse, situating it at the crossroad between art history and politics.

  13. Why we need a theory of suffering, and lots of other theories as well: commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Churchill, Larry R

    1991-01-01

    In the first section of his article, "The Role of Suffering and Community in Clinical Ethics," Erich Loewy sketches a theory of suffering. His conviction is that clinical medical ethics is not clearly rooted in theory and is inadequately grounded because of this. While acknowledging the merits of virtue ethics and casuistry, Loewy quickly dispenses with them, as contenders for this theoretical basis. Kantianism and utilitarianism are likewise rejected as "a universally acceptable grounding for ethics." In their place, Loewy proposes that "a deeper and more universal grounding can be found in the capacity of sentient beings to suffer." It is on this capacity to suffer that he builds his hierarchies of moral value, including primary, secondary, and symbolic worth. This theory of suffering should be welcomed. It promises to expand our awareness of clinical experience, and moral life generally, away from autonomy, utility, or virtue orientations toward attention to suffering and our response to it. Such a theory can give us a revitalized language to probe the issues of medical ethics. This should lead us to a careful reading of Loewy's larger work on which this article is based. Yet my enthusiasm is tempered by Loewy's noncritical acceptance of a peculiar, yet pervasive, understanding of the role and use of theory in ethics....

  14. Mobile Phone Use in Psychiatry Residents in the United States: Multisite Cross-Sectional Survey Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gipson, Shih; Torous, John; Boland, Robert; Conrad, Erich

    2017-11-01

    Mobile technology ownership in the general US population and medical professionals is increasing, leading to increased use in clinical settings. However, data on use of mobile technology by psychiatry residents remain unclear. In this study, our aim was to provide data on how psychiatric residents use mobile phones in their clinical education as well as barriers relating to technology use. An anonymous, multisite survey was given to psychiatry residents in 2 regions in the United States, including New Orleans and Boston, to understand their technology use. All participants owned mobile phones, and 79% (54/68) used them to access patient information. The majority do not use mobile phones to implement pharmacotherapy (62%, 42/68) or psychotherapy plans (90%, 61/68). The top 3 barriers to using mobile technology in clinical care were privacy concerns (56%, 38/68), lack of clinical guidance (40%, 27/68), and lack of evidence (29%, 20/68). We conclude that developing a technology curriculum and engaging in research could address these barriers to using mobile phones in clinical practice. ©Shih Gipson, John Torous, Robert Boland, Erich Conrad. Originally published in JMIR Mhealth and Uhealth (http://mhealth.jmir.org), 01.11.2017.

  15. Closeout for U.S. Department of Energy Final Technical Report for University of Arizona grant DOE Award Number DE-FG03-95ER40906 From 1 February 1995 to 31 January 2004 Grant title: Theory and Phenomenology of Strong and Weak High Energy Physics (Task A) and Experimental Elementary Particle Physics (Task B)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rutherfoord, John; Toussaint, Doug; Sarcevic, Ina

    2005-03-03

    The following pages describe the high energy physics program at the University of Arizona which was funded by DOE grant DE-FG03-95ER40906, for the period 1 February 1995 to 31 January 2004. In this report, emphasis was placed on more recent accomplishments. This grant was divided into two tasks, a theory task (Task A) and an experimental task (Task B but called Task C early in the grant period) with separate budgets. Faculty supported by this grant, for at least part of this period, include, for the theory task, Adrian Patrascioiu (now deceased), Ina Sarcevic, and Douglas Toussaint., and, for the experimental task, Elliott Cheu, Geoffrey Forden, Kenneth Johns, John Rutherfoord, Michael Shupe, and Erich Varnes. Grant monitors from the Germantown DOE office, overseeing our grant, changed over the years. Dr. Marvin Gettner covered the first years and then he retired from the DOE. Dr. Patrick Rapp worked with us for just a few years and then left for a position at the University of Puerto Rico. Dr. Kathleen Turner took his place and continues as our grant monitor. The next section of this report covers the activities of the theory task (Task A) and the last section the activities of the experimental task (Task B).

  16. Effect of dietary carbohydrates on plasma lipoproteins in Sprague-Dawley and LA/N-corpulent rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ellwood, K.C.

    1989-01-01

    Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets containing 54% carbohydrate as either sucrose (S), fructose (F) or cooked cornstarch (CS) for 5 weeks. Plasma lipoproteins (LP) were isolated by density gradient ultracentrifugation and separated into very low density P (VLDL), low density LP (LDL) and high density LP (HDL) by gel filtration and affinity chromatography. ApoLP E-rich (R 1 and R 2 ) and apoLP E-poor subfractions (NR) of HDL were prepared by heparin-sepharose affinity chromatography. Rats were injected intraperitoneally with 3 H-leucine and sacrificed 2 hours later. Plasma lipoproteins were isolated as described above. The level of 3 H-protein in plasma was greater in Sprague-Dawley rats fed F than those fed S or CS. The amount of 3 H-protein in the chylomicron + VLDL fraction was affected by type of dietary carbohydrate: S > F > CS. Similar studies were conducted with the carbohydrate-sensitive obese and lean LA/N-corpulent rats. Levels of HDL-protein were lower in LA/N-corpulent rats fed S or F than in those fed CS. 3 H-chylomicron + VLDL was higher in rats fed S or F than those fed CS. The concentration of 3 H-protein in plasma and chylomicron + VLDL was greater in obese rats than in lean

  17. Where East meets West: in the house of individuation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Murray

    2017-02-01

    The psychological process of individuation as experienced in Jungian work may lead to states of consciousness that resemble advanced spiritual developments across religious traditions and cultures. This is where Westerners may reach a common ground with the East. In the essentials and with respect to the final goal there is little difference among the many ways to the self, even if the cultural features in the landscape are disparate. In late stage Jungian analysis and individuation and in what Erich Neumann calls 'centroversion', the personal and the impersonal aspects of the personality accumulate around the ego-self axis to form a composite identity. In this complex structure the ego does not vanish but is joined to the impersonal archetypal levels of the psyche and identity thus becomes at once individual and archetypal. This is the third stage of conjunction as described by Jung in Mysterium Coniunctionis and it is identical to the type of consciousness depicted in the final scenes of Zen Buddhism's Ten Ox-Herding Pictures. © 2017, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  18. The National Socialist Sisterhood: an instrument of National Socialist health policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweikardt, Christoph

    2009-06-01

    When Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) came to power in 1933, the new Nazi government focused the German health system on their priorities such as the creation of a racially homogeneous society and the preparation of war. One of the measures to bring nursing under their control was the foundation of a new sisterhood. In 1934, Erich Hilgenfeldt (1897-1945), the ambitious head of the National Socialist People's Welfare Association (Nationalsozialistische Volkswohlfahrt), founded the National Socialist (NS) Sisterhood (Nationalsozialistische Schwesternschaft) to create an elite group that would work for the goals of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, NSDAP). Hilgenfeldt proclaimed community nursing as a priority for NS Sisterhood nurses. Catholic and Protestant sisters, who were traditionally dedicated to community nursing, were to be gradually replaced. However, other competing priorities, such as hospital service for the training of junior nurses and work in conquered regions, as well as the lack of NS nursing personnel, hampered the expansion of community nursing. The paper also addresses areas for future research: everyday activities of NS nurses, the service of NS Sisterhood nurses for NSDAP organisations such as the elite racist paramilitary force SS (Schutzstaffel, Protective Squadron), and involvement in their crimes have hardly been investigated as yet.

  19. Historical aspects of Mexican psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayardo, Sergio Javier Villaseñor

    2016-04-01

    Mexican psychiatry initiated since pre-Hispanic times. Historically, treatments were a mixture of magic, science and religion. Ancient Nahuas had their own medical concepts with a holistic view of medicine, considering men and cosmos as a whole. The first psychiatric hospital appeared in 1566 and a more modern psychiatric asylum emerged until 1910. International exchanges of theoretical approaches started in the National University with the visit of Pierre Janet. There were other important figures that influenced Mexican psychiatry, such as Erich Fromm, Henri Ey, Jean Garrabé and Yves Thoret. Regarding Mexican psychiatrists, some of the most important contributors to Mexican psychiatry were José Luis Patiño Rojas, Manuel Guevara Oropeza and Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz. This article includes excerpts from "Clinical Psychiatry", a book by Patiño Rojas where he tries to understand and describe the inner world experienced by patients with schizophrenia; also, the thesis conducted by Guevara Oropeza ("Psychoanalisis"), which is a critical comparison between the theories of Janet and Freud. Finally, we include "The study of consciousness: current status" by Ramón de la Fuente, which leads us through the initial investigations concerning consciousness, its evolution, and the contributions made by psychology, philosophy and neurobiology.

  20. Influence of hyperprotection (overexactness on marital problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey A. Kapustin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available As it was mentioned in one of the previous papers, basic styles of parenting in families with parent-child problems were hyperprotection and overexactness. Another paper described a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality based on the works of Erich Fromm. Applying this criterion to personality evaluation of overprotecting and overexacting parents in families with parent-child problems showed that their personality could be identified as abnormal. Research on the influence of hyperprotection and overexactness at children personality development in these families, where existential criterion was also applied, showed that these parenting styles contribute to promoting child specific abnormal personality types: oriented on external assistance, oriented on compliance with other people’s requirements and oriented on protest against such compliance. In the present study, the direct or indirect hyperprotection or overexactness in 80 per cent of cases was observed. Direct hyperprotection or overexactness means that theyare clearly determined in relationship of the married couple. Indirect hyperprotection or overexactness indicates that the couple has abnormal personality types that date have roots in the childhood under the influence of the hyperprotection and overexactness. Classification of these cases was developed, based on various types of direct or indirect input of hyperprotection and overexactness in emerging marital problems. A variety of problems in couples are shown to be closely connected with abnormality of their own personality or the personality of their immediate environment, primarily wives, husbands and parents.

  1. Reasons of haunting and ruin: Murilo Mendes and Ouro Preto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Luiz França

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available This text performs an enigma based in the first publication of the poem Motivos de Ouro Preto in 1951 at the Brazilian review Anhembi. After, the poem was included in the book Contemplação de Ouro Preto, published in 1954 by the Documentation Service of the Brazilian Ministry of Education and Culture. The edition under government auspice, and the fact that the book was illustrated with photographs by Humberto Moraes Franceschi and Erich Hess make us think about the advanced relations between Modernism and State for the patrimony’s preservation. The poem inscribes itself, with other images, therefore, in the documentation proceedings and in the transformation of baroque torsion forces into forms. The essay tries to brush these texts against the grain and find, inside a work easily identifiable to autonomism, the specters that haunts it and, marking God’s death (and consequently the death of the absolute principles, entangle the statal reading of this documental, tourist, and patrimonialist production inside Murilo Mendes’ poetic.

  2. Diversity, expansion, and evolutionary novelty of plant DNA-binding transcription factor families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehti-Shiu, Melissa D; Panchy, Nicholas; Wang, Peipei; Uygun, Sahra; Shiu, Shin-Han

    2017-01-01

    Plant transcription factors (TFs) that interact with specific sequences via DNA-binding domains are crucial for regulating transcriptional initiation and are fundamental to plant development and environmental response. In addition, expansion of TF families has allowed functional divergence of duplicate copies, which has contributed to novel, and in some cases adaptive, traits in plants. Thus, TFs are central to the generation of the diverse plant species that we see today. Major plant agronomic traits, including those relevant to domestication, have also frequently arisen through changes in TF coding sequence or expression patterns. Here our goal is to provide an overview of plant TF evolution by first comparing the diversity of DNA-binding domains and the sizes of these domain families in plants and other eukaryotes. Because TFs are among the most highly expanded gene families in plants, the birth and death process of TFs as well as the mechanisms contributing to their retention are discussed. We also provide recent examples of how TFs have contributed to novel traits that are important in plant evolution and in agriculture.This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Plant Gene Regulatory Mechanisms and Networks, edited by Dr. Erich Grotewold and Dr. Nathan Springer. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Between Marxism and psychoanalysis: antifascism and antihomosexuality in the Frankfurt School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halle, R

    1995-01-01

    In their efforts to utilize individualist psychoanalysis as a tool for understanding mass behavior, the social theorists associated with the Frankfurt School increasingly came to rely on a static, essentializing construction of sexuality which ultimately led to an equation of fascism and homosexuality. Heretofore unexamined in studies of the Frankfurt School, this equation will here serve as the starting point for a fundamental critique of the concept of sexuality developed by this influential circle of Marxist thinkers. While directed at the concept of sexuality, such a critique more importantly opens up the underlying understanding of the social and psychological realms advanced by Critical Theory. Attending to the equation of homosexuality and fascism as the central point of concern, this essay will first trace the introduction of psychoanalysis into Critical Theory through Erich Fromm and then investigate the extent of Fromm's influence on the concept of sexuality propounded by his colleagues, especially Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno. Finally, it will take up a frequently overlooked essay by Herbert Marcuse which promoted a vision of sexuality radically different from that of his associates.

  4. Closeout for U.S. Department of Energy Final Technical Report for University of Arizona grant DOE Award Number DE-FG03-95ER40906 From 1 February 1995 to 31 January 2004 Grant title: Theory and Phenomenology of Strong and Weak High Energy Physics (Task A) and Experimental Elementary Particle Physics (Task B)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rutherfoord, John; Toussaint, Doug; Sarcevic, Ina

    2005-01-01

    The following pages describe the high energy physics program at the University of Arizona which was funded by DOE grant DE-FG03-95ER40906, for the period 1 February 1995 to 31 January 2004. In this report, emphasis was placed on more recent accomplishments. This grant was divided into two tasks, a theory task (Task A) and an experimental task (Task B but called Task C early in the grant period) with separate budgets. Faculty supported by this grant, for at least part of this period, include, for the theory task, Adrian Patrascioiu (now deceased), Ina Sarcevic, and Douglas Toussaint., and, for the experimental task, Elliott Cheu, Geoffrey Forden, Kenneth Johns, John Rutherfoord, Michael Shupe, and Erich Varnes. Grant monitors from the Germantown DOE office, overseeing our grant, changed over the years. Dr. Marvin Gettner covered the first years and then he retired from the DOE. Dr. Patrick Rapp worked with us for just a few years and then left for a position at the University of Puerto Rico. Dr. Kathleen Turner took his place and continues as our grant monitor. The next section of this report covers the activities of the theory task (Task A) and the last section the activities of the experimental task (Task B)

  5. GEORG GRODDECK: "THE PINCH OF PEPPER" OF PSYCHOANALYSIS(.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poster, Mark F; Hristeva, Galina; Giefer, Michael

    2016-06-01

    The life and works of Georg Groddeck are reviewed and placed in historical context as a physician and a pioneer of psychoanalysis, psychosomatic medicine, and an epistolary style of writing. His Das Es concept stimulated Freud to construct his tripartite model of the mind. Groddeck, however, used Das Es to facilitate receptivity to unconscious communication with his patients. His "maternal turn" transformed his treatment approach from an authoritarian position to a dialectical process. Groddeck was a generative influence on the development of Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, Erich Fromm, and Karen Horney. He was also the mid-wife of the late-life burst of creativity of his friend and patient Sándor Ferenczi. Together, Groddeck and Ferenczi provided the impetus for a paradigm shift in psychoanalysis that emphasized the maternal transference, child-like creativity, and a dialogue of the unconscious that foreshadowed contemporary interest in intersubjectivity and field theory. They were progenitors of the relational turn and tradition in psychoanalysis. Growing interest in interpsychic communication and field theory is bringing about a convergence of theorizing among pluralistic psychoanalytic schools that date back to 1923 when Freud appropriated Groddeck's Das Es and radically altered its meaning and use.

  6. 'I is another': Humanistic conception of identity and existential options in James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šoškić Radoje V.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at presenting and examining Joyce's first novel entitled A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man which introduces us to the life and artistry of Joyce himself. In addition to this, the special emphasis will be placed on the intellectual growth of the fictional counterpart of Joyce himself, Stephen Dedalus who, for the sake of embracing his true vocation as an artist guided by the unflinch­ing devotion to both truth and beauty, exiles himself from the stifling conventionality of his homeland - Ireland. Envisioning the culture of Ireland as imbued with a series of 'nets' embodied in nationality, church, and family which restrain the initial stimulus of his soul, Joyce's alter ego refuses to bow down before the authority of any institution other than the authority of his art. Much of this paper has been inspired by the work of humanist philosopher Erich Fromm, whose ideas have prompted me to view Joyce in the light of the great Humanist tradition focusing on man's innate capability of creating valid ethical criteria he/she is to live by.

  7. Transpondo muros: Escritas da violência na República Democrática Alemã

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elcio Loureiro Cornelsen

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente artigo é esboçar, a partir da interpretação das obras “Zeit-Zeugen”. Inhaftiert in Berlin-Hohenschönhausen (1996, organizada por Gabriele Camphausen, Folterzelle 36 Berlin-Pankow. Erlebnisbericht einer Stasihaft (1993, de Timo Zilli, Ein guter Kampf. Fakten, Daten, Erinnerungen 1945-1954 (1998 do político Ewald Ernst, Die Stasi war mein Eckermann: oder mein Leben mit der Wanze (1991, do escritor Erich Loest, e Geboren am 13. August. Der Sozialismus und ich (2004, do jornalista Jens Bisky, um breve estudo sobre as diversas formas e fases da violência enquanto instrumento de poder, praticada pelo Estado do SED na República Democrática Alemã nos 40 anos de sua existência, e discutir especialmente alguns aspectos teóricos sobre o conceito de “literatura de testemunho”. Os cinco relatos analisados, de caráter memorialista e autobiográfico, se pautam por um tom decididamente crítico frente aos desmandos num Estado totalitário. “Transpor muros” nos 20 anos após a Queda do Muro de Berlim, desse ponto de vista, implica um olhar memorialista de denúncia contra o esquecimento frente a um passado traumático.

  8. Information and Signs: The Language of Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inna Semetsky

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Since time immemorial, philosophers and scientists were searching for a “machine code” of the so-called Mentalese language capable of processing information at the pre-verbal, pre-expressive level. In this paper I suggest that human languages are only secondary to the system of primitive extra-linguistic signs which are hardwired in humans and serve as tools for understanding selves and others; and creating meanings for the multiplicity of experiences. The combinatorial semantics of the Mentalese may find its unorthodox expression in the semiotic system of Tarot images, the latter serving as the ”keys” to the encoded proto-mental information. The paper uses some works in systems theory by Erich Jantsch and Erwin Laszlo and relates Tarot images to the archetypes of the field of collective unconscious posited by Carl Jung. Our subconscious beliefs, hopes, fears and desires, of which we may be unaware at the subjective level, do have an objective compositional structure that may be laid down in front of our eyes in the format of pictorial semiotics representing the universe of affects, thoughts, and actions. Constructing imaginative narratives based on the expressive “language” of Tarot images enables us to anticipate possible consequences and consider a range of future options. The thesis advanced in this paper is also supported by the concept of informational universe of contemporary cosmology.

  9. Medical Aid, Repression, and International Relations: The East German Hospital at Metema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borowy, Iris

    2016-01-01

    Between 1984 and 1988, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) built a hospital in a remote part of Ethiopia, close to the Sudanese border. The project evolved in a complex combination of contexts, including the general foreign policy goals of the GDR, its specific alliance with Ethiopia, the famine of 1984-85, civil war in Ethiopia, and a controversial resettlement program by the government of Mengistu Haile Mariam. Though almost unknown today, it was a high-profile project at the time, which received the personal support both by Erich Honecker in the GDR and Mengistu Haile Mariam in Ethiopia. However, their interest was directed more at the political goals the project was expected to serve than at the hospital itself. Both the preparation and the implementation of the project were extremely difficult and almost failed due to problems of transportation, of red tape, and of security. The operation of the hospital was also not ideal, involving frustrated personnel and less than complete acceptance by the local population. Ironically, for all its practical difficulties, the hospital has outlived both governments and their political goals, surviving as a medical institution. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  10. Influences of a-tocopherol on cholesterol metabolism and fatty streak development in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice fed an atherogenic diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peluzio M.C.G.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Although the role of oxidized lipoproteins is well known in atherogenesis, the role of vitamin E supplementation is still controversial. There is also little information about cholesterol metabolism (hepatic concentration and fecal excretion in the new models of atherosclerosis. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of moderate vitamin E supplementation on cholesterol metabolism and atherogenesis in apolipoprotein E (apo E-deficient mice. Apo E-deficient mice were fed an atherogenic diet containing 40 or 400 mg/kg of alpha-tocopherol acetate for 6 weeks. Total cholesterol in serum and liver and 3-OH-alpha-sterols in feces, and fecal excretion of bile acids were determined and histological analyses of aortic lesion were performed. A vitamin E-rich diet did not affect body weight, food intake or serum cholesterol. Serum and hepatic concentrations of cholesterol as well as sterol concentration in feces were similar in both groups. However, when compared to controls, the alpha-tocopherol-treated mice showed a reduction of about 60% in the atherosclerotic lesions when both the sum of lesion areas and the average of the largest lesion area were considered. These results demonstrate that supplementation of moderate doses of alpha-tocopherol was able to slow atherogenesis in apo E-deficient mice and to reduce atherogenic lipoproteins without modifying the hepatic pool or fecal excretion of cholesterol and bile acids.

  11. The construction of identity in a consumerist society: Delillo’s Jack Gladney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Matković

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the construction of the postmodern identity of Jack Gladney, the main character in Don DeLillo’s White Noise (1985. Employing (postmodern, social psychology, and psychoanalytic theories of Zygmunt Bauman, Erich Fromm, Jean Baudrillard, and Gilles Lipovetsky, it analyzes the construction of Gladney’s character through his social roles as professor, husband, and consumer in the narrow sense of the word in order to deduce that his consumerist practices have spread to all aspects of his life. This reading reveals a new interpretation of Gladney’s fear of death; it shows that Gladney’s thanatophobia represents a consequence of his atheistic worldview. Namely, unable to find a haven in religion, he unsuccessfully seeks the meaning of life and death elsewhere, mainly in consumerism, which is identified as the source of his alienation from himself, people, and God. This paper suggests that numerous problems of postmodern life are caused by the lack of faith in God and proposes a conclusion that religion itself could be the answer to the difficulties faced by postmodern individuals with fragmented identities such as Jack Gladney.

  12. Fundamentos teórico-metodológicos del “cuestionario sobre marcos de orientación ética de estudiantes de la UNED”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilbert Ulloa Brenes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de las tesis elaboradas por el psicólogo social Erich Fromm (1977 respecto a los marcos de orientación y devoción que guían parte del comportamiento humano en sociedad, se construye un sistema teórico-metodológico cuyo objeto de estudio, categorías, subcategorías y ejes temáticos derivan en un instrumento denominado:“Cuestionario sobre marcos de orientación ética de estudiantes de la UNED”, el cual se utiliza en el proyecto de investigación de la Cátedra de Teología titulado: “¿Enqué creen los jóvenes? Marcos de orientación ética de estudiantes de la UNED”. Interesa que este instrumento sea una herramienta válida para sondear la orientación ética de la población con que se trabaja en ese proyecto y constituya, además, un aporte novedoso en el área de la investigación social en torno a temáticas similares.

  13. Interaction between the individual and society: psychoanalysis conflict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. E. Shilіna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the formation of personality in today’s information society, the main features of which are its computerization, new intelligent technologies, accelerating the pace of technological development, the transformation of information into a major global resource of mankind. The author analyzes the psychoanalytic approach to the consideration of personality Freud, CG Jung and Erich Fromm. Address the issue of the integrity of the person and the way to achieve it. Common information space, as well as a single mental space (the collective unconscious pose in front of a person two opposite goals: to overcome the fragmentation created personal boundaries own «I» and unite with a society in search of integrity, and create their own personal space, carve out in this community their personal personal comfort zone, where a person can get a sense of freedom and awareness of their uniqueness, and, surprisingly, also integrity. Disclosed the problem of virtual reality and its impact on the formation of self­consciousness. Showing the positive and negative aspects of the impact of information technology on the identity of the individual in modern space.

  14. Desempenho Estratégico do Departamento de Gestão de Recursos Humanos: uma Pesquisa Exploratória Acerca das Implicações dos Estilos Comportamentais de seus Profissionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Coda

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever as implicaçõe s de uma investigação exploratória para avaliar as preferências comportamentais de funcioná rios da Gestão de Recursos Humanos (GRH, aplicando os conceitos de orientação motivac ional do trabalho (Mediador, Analítico, Receptivo e Empreendedor a partir das contribuiçõe s de Erich Fromm sobre a personalidade e os estilos resultantes - Colaborador, Negociador, Competidor, Conquistador, Realizador, Mantenedor e Especialista. Esses estilos, originado s de um banco de dados composto de 4.981 casos, e os agrupamentos que resultaram nos sete pe rfis utilizados no presente trabalho foram obtidos a partir de análise estatística multivariad a. A pesquisa, com base em autopercepções de 355 indivíduos, foi obtida por meio da participa ção voluntária dos funcionários que trabalham no Departamento de GRH do setor privado e de uma organização de saúde pública. Os resultados têm um impacto nos papéis estratégico s e operacionais que os próprios recursos humanos executam, já que uma diferença na composiçã o dos estilos comportamentais foi identificada dependendo do setor no qual os profiss ionais executam seu trabalho.

  15. Effects of mechanical properties of thermoplastic materials on the initial force of thermoplastic appliances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohda, Naohisa; Iijima, Masahiro; Muguruma, Takeshi; Brantley, William A; Ahluwalia, Karamdeep S; Mizoguchi, Itaru

    2013-05-01

    To measure the forces delivered by thermoplastic appliances made from three materials and investigate effects of mechanical properties, material thickness, and amount of activation on orthodontic forces. Three thermoplastic materials, Duran (Scheu Dental), Erkodur (Erkodent Erich Kopp GmbH), and Hardcast (Scheu Dental), with two different thicknesses were selected. Values of elastic modulus and hardness were obtained from nanoindentation measurements at 28°C. A custom-fabricated system with a force sensor was employed to obtain measurements of in vitro force delivered by the thermoplastic appliances for 0.5-mm and 1.0-mm activation for bodily tooth movement. Experimental results were subjected to several statistical analyses. Hardcast had significantly lower elastic modulus and hardness than Duran and Erkodur, whose properties were not significantly different. Appliances fabricated from thicker material (0.75 mm or 0.8 mm) always produced significantly greater force than those fabricated from thinner material (0.4 mm or 0.5 mm). Appliances with 1.0-mm activation produced significantly lower force than those with 0.5-mm activation, except for 0.4-mm thick Hardcast appliances. A strong correlation was found between mechanical properties of the thermoplastic materials and force produced by the appliances. Orthodontic forces delivered by thermoplastic appliances depend on the material, thickness, and amount of activation. Mechanical properties of the polymers obtained by nanoindentation testing are predictive of force delivery by these appliances.

  16. The motivational peculiarities of bribe-takers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krivins A.

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Criminology (as the scientific study of criminal behaviour on the individual and social level and psychology (as the science, which seeks to understand individuals and groups pay special attention to motivation – a theoretical construction, used to explain behaviour. In this article the motivation of recipients of bribery is widely investigated. In addition to such well-established motives as greediness, selfishness, prevalence of personal interest, the author analyzes also other criminal behaviour determinants. The works, which are used in this research are of the following authors: John Broadus Watson, Edward Lee Thorndike (Behavioural; Sigmund Freud, Erich Fromm (Psychoanalysis; Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow (Existential-humanistic theories; William Isaac Thomas (Thomas theorem; Florian Witold Znaniecki (sociological theory; Erik Homburger Erikson (theory on psychosocial development of human beings; Jean William Fritz Piaget (theory of cognitive development; Herbert Lefcourt, Ronald Smith (Locus of Control etc. As the result of this research the author has concluded that bribe-takers’ behaviour is determined by such psychological constructs as the desire for power, fear, envy, mental deflections, mania, feeling of exclusion, the need for extreme, oppressed creativity.

  17. Een weinig spectaculair Darwinjaar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bert Theunissen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available An Unspectacular Darwin YearThe publication of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species did not provoke heated debate in the Netherlands. Of the few responses that did emerge, the majority were moderate in tone. It was only in 1868, when the German materialist Carl Vogt gave a series of lectures in Rotterdam, that the issue of human evolution in relation to Christian belief gave rise to a short outburst of polemics. And the Dutch situation has not changed since then: the theory of evolution is hardly ever discussed publicly, unless religious issues are at stake. The year 2009 is no exception: the works published on the occasion of the Darwin commemorations sparked no polemics. A number of these works are reviewed here. Two historical PhD theses, by Janneke van der Heide and Bart Leeuwenburgh, add valuable detail to our picture of the Dutch reception of Darwin’s works and confirm that, by and large, quiet appropriation was the customary response. Dirk Van Hulle’s book, based on textual analysis of Darwin’s manuscripts and books, provides an original insight into Darwin’s romantic inspiration. Several popular works, by Chris Buskes et al., Marc van Roosmalen and Job Slok, aim to explain Darwin’s career and ideas to a wider audience; Buskes et al. do the best job.

  18. Analysis of the Appendicularia class (subphylum Urochordata) as a possible tool for biomonitoring four estuaries of the tropical region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Carvalho, Pedro Freitas; Bonecker, Sérgio Luiz Costa; Nassar, Cristina Aparecida Gomes

    2016-11-01

    This study aims to characterize the differences between physical and chemical parameters of water quality indicators and eutrophication in four estuaries of the state of Rio de Janeiro and relate them to full density of the species that belong to the Appendicularia class with the purpose of seeking bioindicators for estuarine areas. The estuaries studied were from the rivers Macaé, São João, Bracuí, and Perequê-Açu. The physicochemical parameters monitored for evaluation of the water bodies and used for the correlation with the appendicularians were pH, temperature, nitrite, nitrate, N-ammonia, total nitrogen, phosphate, total phosphorus, dissolved oxygen (DO), suspended particulate matter (SPM), chlorophyll a, heterotrophic bacteria, and fecal coliform. The estuaries Bracuí and São João showed enhanced qualities of water and lower degrees of eutrophication than Macae and Perequê-Açu estuaries. The species of the Appendicularia class found in this study were Oikopleura longicauda (Vogt, 1854), Oikopleura dioica Fol, 1872, Oikopleura fusiformis Fol, 1872, and Fritillaria haplostoma Fol, 1872. The density of appendicularians and O. longicauda was inversely related to the nutrient values and SPM; nonetheless, no species of appendicularians could be used as a bioindicator of any estuary in the current study. Studies on the quality of estuary waters and the search for other bioindicators belonging to other zooplankton groups are recommended to confirm the obtained results and to expand the knowledge of these coastal environments.

  19. Contributions to the 11. Geoengineering Congress in Munich. Geoengineering and energy; Beitraege zum 11. Geotechnik-Tag in Muenchen. Geotechnik und Energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, Norbert (ed.)

    2012-11-01

    Within the eleventh geotechnics conference at 09th March, 2012 in Munich (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) New construction of the highway A44 on a new open pit dump (N. Vogt); (2) Soil liquefaction issues at mining dumps in the Lausitz (Wolfram Kudla); (3) Underfloor pumped-storage power plants in facilities of hard coal minings (Eugen Perau); (4) Geothermal energy power plant trademark (H. Haemmerle); (5) Surface settlements during the tunnel heading in the loose rock - prognosis, measurement and impact (J. Fillibeck); (6) Ring wall storages - an essential contribution to geotechnics for energy storage (M. Popp); (7) Storage basins and their geotechnical challenges (S. Messerklinger); (8) Energy from the Andes: The hydroelectric power plant La Confluencia in Chile (M. Mueller); (9) Particularities of geotechnical verifications for flat foundations of offshore wind power plants (U. Hartwig); (10) Dimensioning of piles for the foundation of offshore wind power plants (M. Achmus); (11) Offshore wind power fundaments: Practical experiences from the projects London Array and Dan Tysk (M. Horn); (12) Installation of a mono pile as a foundation structure for a tide turbine (S. Schmitz); (13) Carbon footprint - International comparison of assessment approaches at specialist foundation engineering techniques (A. Zoehrer); (14) Geotechnical assessments of upgrading power transmission lines (A. Smith).

  20. Magnetotail Reconnection and Flux Circulation: Jupiter and Saturn Compared

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackman, C. M.; Vogt, M. F.; Slavin, J. A.; Cowley, S. W. H.; Boardsen, S. A.

    2011-01-01

    The Jovian magnetosphere has been visited by eight spacecraft, and the magnetometer data have been used to identify dozens of plasmoids and 250 field dipolarizations associated with magnetic reconnection in the tail [e.g. Vogt et al., 2010]. Since the arrival of the Cassini spacecraft at Saturn in 2004, the magnetometer instrument has also been used to identify reconnection signatures. The deepest magnetotail orbits were in 2006, and during this time 34 signatures of plasmoids were identified. In this study we compare the statistical properties of plasmoids at Jupiter and Saturn such as duration, size, location, and recurrence period. Such parameters can be influenced by many factors, including the different Dungey cycle timescales and cross-magnetospheric potential drops at the two planets. We present superposed epoch analyses of plasmoids at the two planets to determine their average properties and to infer their role in the reconfiguration of the nightside of the magnetosphere. We examine the contributions of plasmoids to the magnetic flux transfer cycle at both planets. At Jupiter, there is evidence of an extended interval after reconnection where the field remains northward (analogous to the terrestrial post-plasmoid plasma sheet). At Saturn we see a similar feature, and calculate the amount of flux closed on average in reconnection events, leading us to an estimation of the recurrence rate of plasmoid release.

  1. Physiologists against Theology: Science as a source of Secularization in ideology of scientific materialism in the 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladislav Razdyakonov

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Jacob Moleschott (1822–1893, Karl Vogt (1817–1895 and Ludwig Buchner (1824–1899 are known as most notorious German spokesmen on behalf of “Science” in the mid —19th century. They are labelled in Russian historiography as “vulgar materialists” and are contrasted with dialectical materialists in their attitude to philosophy and science. This article shows how they used scientifi c conceptions of human physiology for the validation of their socio-political views, in particular on the role of religion in society and on the gradual secularisation of society. The article proposes critical reassessment of the category “vulgar materialists”, typical of current Russian historiography. It also aims to demonstrate their attitude to theology, philosophy, science and religion as main categories of their discourse. Finally, the article analyses scientifi c arguments in favour of the evolutionary development of society as well as reasons for the rejection of revolutionary practice. Although both “scientifi c materialism” and “scientifi c naturalism” do not meet the criteria of scientifi c ideology, scientifi c activity promotes secularisation by means of the extrapolation of its results to the social and political spheres.

  2. [Pathophysiology and new treatment of uveitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanai, Ryoji; Takeda, Atsunobu; Yoshimura, Takeru; Sonoda, Koh-Hei

    2014-01-01

    Uveitis is narrow-defined inflammation of the uvea, also clinically include all inflammatory conditions in the eye. Uveitis may occur as a consequence of various causes and background, such as autoimmune diseases, infections, and hematopoietic malignancy. We have to treat uveitis not only controlling the inflammation but also maintaining up the visual function of the eye because the most uveitis is chronic and relapsing inflammatory disorder. Behçét's disease is a systemic disease and results in loss of vision without adequate treatment. Behçét's disease was a representative of vision loss uveitis because Behçét's patient usually had treatment resistance of conventional treatment, such as colchicine and cyclosporine. However, biological therapy with TNF-α, which started from 2007, has revolutionized the treatment strategy of Behçét's disease. It is not too much to say that Behçét's patient is free from fear of vision loss by the dramatic decrease of ocular attach. Biological therapy is not approved as a treatment of uveitis except Behçét's disease. Some protracted cases of Sarcoidosis and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease are resistant to corticosteroid therapy and require new treatment. In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology of uveitis and report new treatment of Behçét's disease by biological therapy.

  3. Intraocular inflammation in autoimmune diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pras, Eran; Neumann, Ron; Zandman-Goddard, Gisele; Levy, Yair; Assia, Ehud I; Shoenfeld, Yehuda; Langevitz, Pnina

    2004-12-01

    The uveal tract represents the vascular organ of the eye. In addition to providing most of the blood supply to the intraocular structures, it acts as a conduit for immune cells, particularly lymphocytes, to enter the eye. Consequently, the uveal tract is represented in many intraocular inflammatory processes. Uveitis is probably a misnomer unless antigens within the uvea are the direct targets of the inflammatory process. A better term of the condition is "intraocular inflammation" (IOI). To review the presence of IOI in autoimmune diseases, the immunopathogenic mechanisms leading to disease, and treatment. We reviewed the English medical literature by using MEDLINE (1984-2003) employing the terms "uveitis," "intraocular inflammation," and "autoimmune diseases." An underlying autoimmune disease was identified in up to 40% of patients with IOI, and included spondyloarthropathies, Behcets disease, sarcoidosis, juvenile chronic arthritis, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (an inflammatory syndrome including uveitis with dermatologic and neurologic manifestations), immune recovery syndrome, and uveitis with tubulointerstitial disease. The immunopathogenesis of IOI involves enhanced T-cell response. Recently, guidelines for the use of immunosuppressive drugs for inflammatory eye disease were established and include: corticosteroids, azathioprine, methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, cyclophosphamide, and chlorambucil. New therapies with limited experience include the tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors, interferon alfa, monoclonal antibodies against lymphocyte surface antigens, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and the intraocular delivery of immunosuppressive agents. An underlying autoimmune disease was identified in up to 40% of patients with IOI. Immunosuppressive drugs, biologic agents, and IVIG are employed for the treatment of IOI in autoimmune diseases.

  4. Prefrontal involvement in imitation learning of hand actions: effects of practice and expertise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Stefan; Buccino, Giovanni; Wohlschläger, Afra M; Canessa, Nicola; Shah, N Jon; Zilles, Karl; Eickhoff, Simon B; Freund, Hans-Joachim; Rizzolatti, Giacomo; Fink, Gereon R

    2007-10-01

    In this event-related fMRI study, we demonstrate the effects of a single session of practising configural hand actions (guitar chords) on cortical activations during observation, motor preparation and imitative execution. During the observation of non-practised actions, the mirror neuron system (MNS), consisting of inferior parietal and ventral premotor areas, was more strongly activated than for the practised actions. This finding indicates a strong role of the MNS in the early stages of imitation learning. In addition, the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) was selectively involved during observation and motor preparation of the non-practised chords. This finding confirms Buccino et al.'s [Buccino, G., Vogt, S., Ritzl, A., Fink, G.R., Zilles, K., Freund, H.-J., Rizzolatti, G., 2004a. Neural circuits underlying imitation learning of hand actions: an event-related fMRI study. Neuron 42, 323-334] model of imitation learning: for actions that are not yet part of the observer's motor repertoire, DLPFC engages in operations of selection and combination of existing, elementary representations in the MNS. The pattern of prefrontal activations further supports Shallice's [Shallice, T., 2004. The fractionation of supervisory control. In: Gazzaniga, M.S. (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences, Third edition. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 943-956] proposal of a dominant role of the left DLPFC in modulating lower level systems and of a dominant role of the right DLPFC in monitoring operations.

  5. Spectroscopic determination of fundamental parameters of small angular diameter galactic open clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahumada, A. V.; Claria, J. J.; Bica, E.; Parisi, M. C.; Torres, M. C.; Pavani, D. B.

    We present integrated spectra obtained at CASLEO (Argentina) for 9 galactic open clusters of small angular diameter. Two of them (BH 55 and Rup 159) have not been the target of previous research. The flux-calibrated spectra cover the spectral range approx. 3600-6900 A. Using the equivalent widths (EWs) of the Balmer lines and comparing the cluster spectra with template spectra, we determined E(B-V) colour excesses and ages for the present cluster sample. The parameters obtained for 6 of the clusters show good agreement with previous determinations based mainly on photometric methods. This is not the case, however, for BH 90, a scarcely reddened cluster, for which Moffat and Vogt (1975, Astron. and Astroph. SS, 20, 125) derived E(B-V) = 0.51. We explain and justify the strong discrepancy found for this object. According to the present analysis, 3 clusters are very young (Bo 14, Tr 15 and Tr 27), 2 are moderately young (NGC 6268 and BH 205), 3 are Hyades-like clusters (Rup 164, BH 90 and BH 55) and only one is an intermediate-age cluster (Rup 159).

  6. A Study of the Temperature Distribution in UO{sub 2} Reactor Fuel Elements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Devold, I

    1968-05-15

    Thermal conductivity is one of the most important properties of nuclear reactor fuels. Accurate knowledge of this property is vital because, among other things, it determines the maximum power that can be taken out of the fuel element per unit length of the material without exceeding the safety limits of the fuel elements. This report consists of a study of the thermal behaviour of uranium dioxide in the form of reactor fuel. The experimental part of the report describes measurements performed at the OECD Halden Reactor Project, Halden, Norway. The experiment was originally set up in order to measure the temperature at the center of a UO{sub 2} fuel element as a function of element power, in order to determine the safe operation limit of the fuel assembly. However, in analysing the data obtained, very interesting thermal conductivity values were obtained and comparison with existing correlations could be performed. This comparison shows that a certain agreement is obtained between the measured data at Halden and a theory published by J.L. Bates in 1961, which predicts an increase in the thermal conductivity above 1500 deg C. The data obtained below 1300 deg C are also in good agreement with measurements performed by Vogt, Grandell and Runfors in 1964. The report contains a mathematical description of the heat transfer mechanisms in cylindrical fuel elements. The model is coded in FORTRAN IV-code and referred to as FUELTEMP.

  7. Structural Investigations of Complex Oxides using Synchrotron Radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hans-Conrad zur Loye

    2007-01-01

    The work is a collaborative effort between Prof. Hanno zur Loye at the University of South Carolina and Dr. Tom Vogt at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The collaborative research focuses on the synthesis and the structural characterization of perovskites and perovskite related oxides and will target new oxide systems where we have demonstrated expertise in synthesis, yet lack the experimental capabilities to answer important structural issues. Synthetically, we will focus on two subgroups of perovskite structures, the double and triple perovskites, and the 2H-perovskite related oxides belonging to the A 3n+3m A(prime) 3M+n B 3m+n O 9m+6n family. In the first part of the proposal, our goal of synthesizing and structurally characterizing new ruthenium, iridium, rhodium and ruthenium containing double and triple perovskites, with the emphasis on exercising control over the oxidation state(s) of the metals, is described. These oxides will be of interest for their electronic and magnetic properties that will be investigated as well

  8. Iteration of planar amplitudes in maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at three loops and beyond

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bern, Zvi; Dixon, Lance J.; Smirnov, Vladimir A.

    2005-01-01

    We compute the leading-color (planar) three-loop four-point amplitude of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in 4-2ε dimensions, as a Laurent expansion about ε=0 including the finite terms. The amplitude was constructed previously via the unitarity method, in terms of two Feynman loop integrals, one of which has been evaluated already. Here we use the Mellin-Barnes integration technique to evaluate the Laurent expansion of the second integral. Strikingly, the amplitude is expressible, through the finite terms, in terms of the corresponding one- and two-loop amplitudes, which provides strong evidence for a previous conjecture that higher-loop planar N=4 amplitudes have an iterative structure. The infrared singularities of the amplitude agree with the predictions of Sterman and Tejeda-Yeomans based on resummation. Based on the four-point result and the exponentiation of infrared singularities, we give an exponentiated Ansatz for the maximally helicity-violating n-point amplitudes to all loop orders. The 1/ε 2 pole in the four-point amplitude determines the soft, or cusp, anomalous dimension at three loops in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The result confirms a prediction by Kotikov, Lipatov, Onishchenko and Velizhanin, which utilizes the leading-twist anomalous dimensions in QCD computed by Moch, Vermaseren and Vogt. Following similar logic, we are able to predict a term in the three-loop quark and gluon form factors in QCD

  9. PET

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mariager, Rasmus Mølgaard; Schmidt, Regin; Heiberg, Morten Rievers

    PET handler om den hemmelige tjenestes arbejde under den kolde krig 1945-1989. Her fortæller Regin Schmidt, Rasmus Mariager og Morten Heiberg om de mest dramatiske og interessante sager fra PET's arkiv. PET er på flere måder en udemokratisk institution, der er sat til at vogte over demokratiet....... Dens virksomhed er skjult for offentligheden, den overvåger borgernes aktiviteter, og den registrerer følsomme personoplysninger. Historien om PET rejser spørgsmålet om, hvad man skal gøre, når befolkningen i et demokrati er kritisk indstillet over for overvågningen af lovlige politiske aktiviteter......, mens myndighederne mener, at det er nødvendigt for at beskytte demokratiet. PET er på en gang en fortælling om konkrete aktioner og begivenheder i PET's arbejde og et stykke Danmarkshistorie. Det handler om overvågning, spioner, politisk ekstremisme og international terrorisme.  ...

  10. [Sigmund Freud and the "Zeitschrift für Hypnotismus"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Terence A

    2005-01-01

    While Freud was always ready to acknowledge the debt that psychoanalysis owed to hypnotism, his engagement in its study and medical application is often seen by historians as little more than a passing phase on the way to psychoanalysis proper. This paper attempts to redress the balance by exploring Freud's association with the most influential German-language journal devoted to hypnotism, the Zeitschrift für Hypnotismus. Freud not only contributed a paper to this periodical but also served on its editorial board for the first three years of its existence. There also appeared in the journal one review and six abstracts of his work. After a condensed bibliographical account of the journal, a summary is given of Freud's intellectual and professional contacts and exchanges with three of the key individuals associated with it: August Forel, Jonas Grossmann and Oskar Vogt. Finally clarification is given of the publication history of the "Dora" case history and the chronology of its rejection for publication by Korbinian Brodmann, editor of the journal when it became the Journal für Psychologie und Neurologie.

  11. Excerpt from Medicinische Psychologie oder Physiologie der Seele by Dr Rudolph Hermann Lotze.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrios, G E

    2005-03-01

    Hermann Lotze (1817-81) is a neglected figure in the history of psychiatry although it has been claimed that his early views were influential, for example, on the young Griesinger. Trained as a physician, psychologist and philosopher he saw better than many the impending epistemological crisis that was to affect disciplines such as psychology and medical psychology as they were being taken over by the natural sciences. The problem he endeavoured to resolve was double-headed. On the one hand, Lotze believed that the mechanisms proposed by physiology and other relevant natural sciences were essential to the explanation of human behaviour provided that its meaning and context were respected; on the other, he wanted to do away with the mysterious (metaphysical) explanations such as 'vital force' which in his time were still popular in biology. The solutions he eventually offered can understandably be seen as a weak compromise and one which statisfied no one. Materialists à outrance such as Vogt, Büchner, Lange and Ribot though he was too 'metaphysical'; spiritualist philosophers believed that he had surrendered too much to biology. It is likely that Lotze remained, in fact, a metaphysician as can be ascertained by studying his concept of Seele (soul, mind) into which he packed enough furniture to make many believe that he was an idealist thinker. This paper discusses some of these issues and justifies the choice of classic text, namely, Lotze's illuminating Introduction to his book Medicinische Psychologie oder Physiologie der Seele.

  12. Contributions to the 14. Geoengineering congress in Munich. Geoengineering with the parameters time and quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vogt, Norbert

    2016-01-01

    This proceedings contains the following twelve papers: Why time and quality play a role? (Gebhard Dausch); Models for settlement prediction of structures in opencast dumps (Emanuel Birle, Stefan Vogt); Quality improvement and risk reduction through alternative proposals? Example: Intake structure of a coal-fired plant Wilhelmshaven (Thomas Brand, Friderike Hamm); History and methodology of the development of the combined pile and raft foundation (Rolf Katzenbach); Hazardous waste dump at Malsch - long-term monitoring of the safety measures (Walter Laechler, Fred Dietzel); Murphy's Law on the example of Protzenweiher Bridge (Markus Herten, Andreas Beier); ''Permanent anchor'' - state of the art and long-term experience with the durability of ground anchors (Karsten Beck House, Henning Lesemann); Optimized quality management of the implementation of DSM-works (W. Sondermann, W. Wehr); Subway construction in Doha on the example of the Green Line (Guenther Heilmayer); Marmaray Project - Bosphorus Crossing tunnels and stations - Geotechnical Aspects (Nurettin Demir); Crossrail C310 Thames Tunnel, geotechnical and tunnel construction challenges in urban tunnelling with variable ground conditions (Andreas Raedle, Stephan Assenmacher, Esters Sophia Karl); Proof concept of establishing the underground central station Stuttgart 21 - Numerical modeling and calibration (Roberto Cudmani). [de

  13. Temporary corneal stem cell dysfunction after radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hiroshi, Fujishima; Kazuo, Tsubota

    1996-01-01

    Radiation therapy can cause corneal and conjuctival abnormalities that sometimes require surgical treatment. Corneal stem cell dysfunction is described, which recovered after the cessation of radiation. Methods - A 44-year-old man developed a corneal epithelial abnormality associated with conjuctival and corneal inflammation following radiation therapy for maxillary cancer. Examination of brush cytology samples showed goblet cells in the upper and lower parts of the cornea, which showed increased fluorescein permeability, and intraepithelial lymphocytes. Impression cytology showed goblet cells in the same part of the cornea. Specular microscopy revealed spindle type epithelial cells. Patient follow up included artificial tears and an antibiotic ophthalmic ointment. The corneal abnormalities resolved after 4 months with improved visual acuity without any surgical intervention, but the disappearance of the palisades of Vogt did not recover at 1 year after radiation. Radiation therapy in this patient caused temporary stem cell dysfunction which resulted in conjunctivalisation in a part of the cornea. Although limbal stem cell function did not fully recover, this rare case suggested that medical options should be considered before surgery. (Author)

  14. High-Q operation of superconducting rf cavities: Potential impact of thermocurrents on the rf surface resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.-M. Vogt

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available For many new accelerator applications, superconducting radio frequency systems are the enabling technology. In particular for CW applications, much effort is being expended to minimize the power dissipation (surface resistance of niobium cavities. Starting in 2009, we suggested a means of reducing the residual resistance by performing a thermal cycle [O. Kugeler et al., in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on RF Superconductivity (2009, p. 352], a procedure of warming up a cavity after initial cooldown to about 20 K and cooling it down again. In subsequent studies [J. M. Vogt, O. Kugeler, and J. Knobloch, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 16, 102002 (2013], this technique was used to manipulate the residual resistance by more than a factor of 2. It was postulated that thermocurrents during cooldown generate additional trapped magnetic flux that impacts the cavity quality factor. Here, we present a more extensive study that includes measurements of two additional passband modes and that confirms the effect. In this paper, we also discuss simulations that support the claim. While the layout of the cavity LHe tank system is cylindrically symmetric, we show that the temperature dependence of the material parameters results in a nonsymmetric current distribution. Hence a significant amount of magnetic flux can be generated at the rf surface.

  15. A Study of the Temperature Distribution in UO2 Reactor Fuel Elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Devold, I.

    1968-05-01

    Thermal conductivity is one of the most important properties of nuclear reactor fuels. Accurate knowledge of this property is vital because, among other things, it determines the maximum power that can be taken out of the fuel element per unit length of the material without exceeding the safety limits of the fuel elements. This report consists of a study of the thermal behaviour of uranium dioxide in the form of reactor fuel. The experimental part of the report describes measurements performed at the OECD Halden Reactor Project, Halden, Norway. The experiment was originally set up in order to measure the temperature at the center of a UO 2 fuel element as a function of element power, in order to determine the safe operation limit of the fuel assembly. However, in analysing the data obtained, very interesting thermal conductivity values were obtained and comparison with existing correlations could be performed. This comparison shows that a certain agreement is obtained between the measured data at Halden and a theory published by J.L. Bates in 1961, which predicts an increase in the thermal conductivity above 1500 deg C. The data obtained below 1300 deg C are also in good agreement with measurements performed by Vogt, Grandell and Runfors in 1964. The report contains a mathematical description of the heat transfer mechanisms in cylindrical fuel elements. The model is coded in FORTRAN IV-code and referred to as FUELTEMP

  16. Linking the X3D Pathway to Integral Field Spectrographs: YSNR 1E 0102.2-7219 in the SMC as a Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Frédéric P. A.; Seitenzahl, Ivo R.; Dopita, Michael A.; Ruiter, Ashley J.

    2017-05-01

    The concept of the x3d pathway was introduced by Vogt et al. as a new approach to sharing and publishing three-dimensional structures interactively in online scientific journals. The core characteristics of the x3d pathway are that: (1) it does not rely on specific software, but rather a file format (x3d), (2) it can be implemented using fully open-source tools, and (3) article readers can access the interactive models using most main stream web browsers without the need for any additional plugins. In this article, we further demonstrate the potential of the x3d pathway to visualize data sets from optical integral field spectrographs. We use recent observations of the oxygen-rich young supernova remnant 1E 0102.2-7219 in the Small Magellanic Cloud to implement additional x3dom tools & techniques and expand the range of interactions that can be offered to article readers. In particular, we present a set of javascript functions allowing the creation and interactive handling of clip planes, effectively allowing users to take measurements of distances and angles directly from the interactive model itself.

  17. Naturaleza y libertad en el republicanismo portugués (1851- 1911

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando CATROGA

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Aunque no siempre de un modo sistematizado, es indiscutible que el evolucionismo que, en última instancia, justificaba históricamente a la República, se basaba en una cosmogonía opuesta a las concepciones creacionistas y providencialistas. Concibiendo el nacimiento del mundo en términos deístas, o a la luz de tesis materialistas —lo que será más frecuente a partir de la década de los años 70 del siglo XIX—, esto es, recurriendo al panteísmo espinosiano, al materialismo enciclopedista y, principalmente, a sus actualizaciones cientifistas1, los republicanos pretendieron contestar a la doctrina cristiana acerca del origen y del sentido del Universo. En particular, se inspiraron en el positivismo agnóstico de Comte, Littré, Spencer, Taine, Renau, Huxley, articulado generalmente con el experimentalismo de Claude Bernard, con el materialismo mecanicista de Büohnwe, Maleschott, Vogt, y con el materialismo naturalista de Haeckel y de sus discípulos, para representar el Cosmos como una totalidad evolucionada espontáneamente, profesando desde las formas primitivas del ser hasta la irrupción del hombre y la aparición de su capacidad racional para controlar científicamente la sociedad.

  18. Integrated dynamic landscape analysis and modeling system (IDLAMS) : installation manual.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Z.; Majerus, K. A.; Sundell, R. C.; Sydelko, P. J.; Vogt, M. C.

    1999-02-24

    The Integrated Dynamic Landscape Analysis and Modeling System (IDLAMS) is a prototype, integrated land management technology developed through a joint effort between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and the US Army Corps of Engineers Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (USACERL). Dr. Ronald C. Sundell, Ms. Pamela J. Sydelko, and Ms. Kimberly A. Majerus were the principal investigators (PIs) for this project. Dr. Zhian Li was the primary software developer. Dr. Jeffrey M. Keisler, Mr. Christopher M. Klaus, and Mr. Michael C. Vogt developed the decision analysis component of this project. It was developed with funding support from the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP), a land/environmental stewardship research program with participation from the US Department of Defense (DoD), the US Department of Energy (DOE), and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). IDLAMS predicts land conditions (e.g., vegetation, wildlife habitats, and erosion status) by simulating changes in military land ecosystems for given training intensities and land management practices. It can be used by military land managers to help predict the future ecological condition for a given land use based on land management scenarios of various levels of training intensity. It also can be used as a tool to help land managers compare different land management practices and further determine a set of land management activities and prescriptions that best suit the needs of a specific military installation.

  19. Development of a microfabricated artificial limbus with micropockets for cell delivery to the cornea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ortega, Ílida; Deshpande, Pallavi; Gill, Andrew A; MacNeil, Sheila; Claeyssens, Frederik

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop a synthetic alternative to the human corneal limbus for use initially as an ex vivo model in which to study corneal stem cell function within a niche environment and ultimately to develop an implantable limbus for future clinical use. Microstereolithography was used for the fabrication of polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA) based rings on a macroscopic (1.2 cm) scale containing unique microfeatures (pockets) which were then modified with fibronectin to promote cell adhesion. These rings were designed to mimic the limbal area of the eye containing structures of the approximate size and shape of the stem cell microenvironments found in the palisades of Vogt. The attachment of rabbit limbal fibroblasts and rabbit limbal epithelial cells to the PEGDA rings was increased by pretreating the microfabricated structures with biotinylated fibronectin. Cell outgrowth from fibronectin coated microfabricated structures was 50% greater than from rings without structures or fibronectin coating. The cell loaded rings were then placed on an ex vivo wounded cornea model and the outgrowth of cells to form a multilayered epithelium was observed. We suggest this is a new approach to investigating limbal stem cells niches and the first steps towards a new approach for corneal regeneration. (paper)

  20. Un lugar entre la tierra y las estrellas. Luces y sombras en la Torre Einstein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Guridi García

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    The Einstein Tower was built in 1921 at the Telegraphsberg in Potsdam with an unique purpose: the empirical demonstration (or refutation of the basis for the Theory of Relativity by Albert Einstein.
    Established already from its origen as a monument that time has consolidated as the icon of an emerging Modernity, the Einstein Tower is at the same time the story of a triple failure: Its explicit objective was never met (concluding results were never arrived at, its location was inadequate (the main observatory was transferred afterwards; first to Lucerne, and later to the Teide mountain, and, on the personal and architectural side, it proved a point of inflection for the career of Erich Mendelsohn, even though it gave him fame and recognition. This article describes this first project not so much as the start of a professional career, but rather as the necessary closure to a path initiated with his war drawings.
    A building almost entirely devoid of openings which springs up from the ground in order to follow the trajectory of an object 150 million kilometers away with its only eye. A scientific program, where human presence is reduced to a minimum (even today in order to protect the sofisticated equipment. The Einstein Tower is above all a fixed telescope mounted on a building. Its biggest contribution, a horizontal spectrographic laboratory halfburied beneath the main vertical support of the tower, is due to its promoter, Professor Erwin Finlay- Freundlich. This astrophysicist knew how to orchestrate an entire media campaign associated to the recent prestige of Albert Einstein, who never worked in the tower (but who did not hesitate to have a picture taken next to it.
    Initially conceived as a mere technical container, the young Mendelsohn soon established that the project for the Einstein Tower, limited in practice to the design of an outer covering shell the interior (there was strongly conditioned to the requirements set by

  1. Auerbach e lo Storicismo tedesco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Lucchini

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio esamina i rapporti tra l’opera di Erich Auerbach e la cultura tedesca del tempo. In particolare tenta di ricostruire la fitta trama di relazioni esistenti, anche a livello personale. Infatti Auerbach a Berlino aveva studiato non solo con i filologi romanzi Erhard Lommatzsch e Max Leopold Wagner, ma anche col filosofo Ernst Troeltsch e con lo storico Friedrich Meinecke. Nella vasta bibliografia sul romanista non mancano ormai i lavori, fin da quello pionieristico di Dante Della Terza, su questo aspetto della sua formazione accademica. Ma essi sono perlopiù circoscritti al periodo giovanile (traduzione della Scienza nuova e della monografia crociana su Vico, lasciando in ombra l’eredità dello storicismo tedesco. A quest’ultimo, sia dal punto di vista terminologico che da quello concettuale, rivolge l’attenzione il presente saggio che cerca di documentare puntualmente l’influenza di Dilthey, genericamente nota e sostenuta da più studiosi, ma senza osservazioni circostanziate. Essa va ben oltre gli anni venti e si può rintracciare anche nell’opera della maturità di Auerbach più famosa, Mimesis. Come pure non meno essenziale sembra il rapporto col Meinecke delle Origini dello storicismo, che si configura però come uno scambio reciproco d’influssi. Più problematico è da accertare sul piano strettamente documentale quello con Cassirer, probabilmente mediato da Panofsky. La contestualizzazione del retroterra culturale di Mimesis è completata da una ricognizione delle prime recensioni dell’opera e, per quanto l’Italia, anche dall’esame del fascicolo di Auerbach conservato nell’archivio Einaudi. The essay considers the relationship between Erich Auerbach and the German culture of the time. In particular, it attempts to reconstruct the dense web of relationships, even on a personal level. Auerbach indeed in Berlin had studied not only with the romance philologists Erhard Lommatzsch and Max Leopold Wagner, but also

  2. An existential criterion for normal and abnormal personality in the works of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapustin S.A.

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This is the second in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the previous article I proposed a description of a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies that are natural to human beings and, second, by particular aspects of the formation of this position. Such dichotomies, entitatively existent in all human life, are inherent, two-alternative contradictions. The position of a normal personality in its content orients one toward a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and the necessity of searching for compromise in resolving these dichotomies. This position is created on a rational basis with the person’s active participation. The position of an abnormal personality in its content subjectively denies a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and orients one toward a consistent, noncompetitive, and, as a consequence, one-sided way of life that doesn’t include self-determination. This position is imposed by other people on an irrational basis. Abnormality of personality interpreted like that is one of the most important factors influencing the development of various kinds of psychological problems and mental disorders — primarily, neurosis. In this article I show that this criterion is implicitly present in the personality theories of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler, although in more special cases. In the following articles I will show that this criterion is also implicitly present in the personality theories of Carl Jung, Carl Rogers, and Viktor Frankl.

  3. An existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality in the works of Carl Jung and Carl Rogers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapustin, Sergey A.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is the third in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the first article (Kapustin, 2015a I proposed a description of a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies that are natural to human beings and, second, by particular aspects of the formation of this position. Such dichotomies, entitatively existent in all human life, are inherent, two-alternative contradictions. The position of a normal personality in its content orients a person toward a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and necessitates a search for compromise in resolving these dichotomies. This position is created on a rational basis with the person’s active participation. The position of an abnormal personality in its content subjectively denies a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and orients a person toward a consistent, noncompetitive, and, as a consequence, onesided way of life that doesn’t include self-determination. This position is imposed by other people on an irrational basis. Abnormality of personality interpreted like that is one of the most important factors influencing the development of various kinds of psychological problems and mental disorders — primarily, neurosis. In the second article (Kapustin, 2015b I showed that this criterion is also implicitly present in the personality theories of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler, although in more specific cases. In the current work I prove that this criterion is also present in the personality theories of Carl Jung and Carl Rogers, where it is implicitly stated in a more specific way. In the final article I will show that this criterion

  4. The lure of global branding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaker, D A; Joachimsthaler, E

    1999-01-01

    As more and more companies begin to see the world as their market, brand builders look with envy upon those businesses that appear to have created global brands--brands whose positioning, advertising strategy, personality, look, and feel are in most respects the same from one country to another. Attracted by such high-profile examples of success, these companies want to globalize their own brands. But that's a risky path to follow, according to David Aaker and Erich Joachimsthaler. Why? Because creating strong global brands takes global brand leadership. It can't be done simply by edict from on high. Specifically, companies must use organizational structures, processes, and cultures to allocate brand-building resources globally, to create global synergies, and to develop a global brand strategy that coordinates and leverages country brand strategies. Aaker and Joachimsthaler offer four prescriptions for companies seeking to achieve global brand leadership. First, companies must stimulate the sharing of insights and best practices across countries--a system in which "it won't work here" attitudes can be overcome. Second, companies should support a common global brand-planning process, one that is consistent across markets and products. Third, they should assign global managerial responsibility for brands in order to create cross-country synergies and to fight local bias. And fourth, they need to execute brilliant brand-building strategies. Before stampeding blindly toward global branding, companies need to think through the systems they have in place. Otherwise, any success they achieve is likely to be random--and that's a fail-safe recipe for mediocrity.

  5. The neuropsychology of emerging psychosis and the role of working memory in episodic memory encoding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pflueger MO

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Marlon O Pflueger,1 Pasquale Calabrese,2 Erich Studerus,3 Ronan Zimmermann,4 Ute Gschwandtner,4 Stefan Borgwardt,5 Jacqueline Aston,3 Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz,6 Anita Riecher-Rössler3 1Department of Forensic Psychiatry, University of Basel Psychiatric Clinics, Basel, Switzerland; 2Division of Molecular and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 3Center for Gender Research and Early Detection, University of Basel Psychiatric Hospital, Basel, Switzerland; 4Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 5Department of Psychiatry (UPK, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 6Division of Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Background: Episodic memory encoding and working memory (WM deficits are among the first cognitive signs and symptoms in the course of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. However, it is not clear whether the deficit pattern is generalized or specific in nature. We hypothesized that encoding deficits at an early stage of the disease might be due to the more fundamental WM deficits. Methods: We examined episodic memory encoding and WM by administering the California Verbal Learning Test, a 2-back task, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in 90 first-episode psychosis (FE patients and 116 individuals with an at-risk mental state for psychosis (ARMS compared to 57 healthy subjects. Results: Learning progress, but not span of apprehension, was diminished to a similar extent in both the ARMS and the FE. We showed that this was due to WM impairment by applying a structural equation approach. Conclusion: Thus, we conclude that verbal memory encoding deficits are secondary to primary WM impairment in emerging psychosis. Keywords: at-risk mental state, first-episode psychosis, cognition, serial position effect, recency, semantic cluster ratio, 2-back task, rate of learning

  6. WE-A-207-01: Memorial Lecturer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muller-Runkel, R

    2015-01-01

    The Medical Physics community lost one of its early pioneers in radiation oncology physics, Jacques Ovadia, who passed away in April of 2014 at the age of 90. Jacques received his Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics from the University of Illinois at Urbana in 1951. Subsequently, under the guidance of John Laughlin, he was introduced to the field of Medical Physics. When John moved to Memorial Sloan Kettering, Jacques followed him. There he gained clinical experience and expertise in the then cutting-edge field of high energy electron beam therapy. In 1956, Jacques joined Dr. Erich Uhlmann at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago where one of the country’s first high energy medical linear accelerators had just been installed. During his 35 year tenure, Dr. Ovadia built a strong Medical Physics department that merged in 1984 with that of the University of Chicago. Jacques pioneered the use of high energy electron beams to treat deep seated tumors, multiple-field chest wall irradiation with variable electron energies, and even anticipated the current interest in high energy electron beam grid-therapy. At an early stage, he introduced a simulator, computerized treatment planning and in-house developed record and verify software. He retired in 1990 as Professor emeritus in Radiation and Cellular Biology at the University of Chicago. Dr. Ovadia was an early and strong supporter of AAPM. He was present at the Chicago ROMPS meeting where the decision was made to form an independent professional society for medical physics. He served as AAPM president in 1976. Jacques Ovadia is survived by his wife of 58 years, Florence, their daughter Corinne Graefe and son Marc Ovadia, MD, as well as four grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Jacques’ dynamic and ever enthusiastic personality inspired all who collaborated with him. He will be greatly missed

  7. WE-A-207-00: In Memoriam of Jacques Ovadia - Reinvigorating Scientific Excellence: Electron Beam Therapy - Past, Present and Future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-01-01

    The Medical Physics community lost one of its early pioneers in radiation oncology physics, Jacques Ovadia, who passed away in April of 2014 at the age of 90. Jacques received his Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics from the University of Illinois at Urbana in 1951. Subsequently, under the guidance of John Laughlin, he was introduced to the field of Medical Physics. When John moved to Memorial Sloan Kettering, Jacques followed him. There he gained clinical experience and expertise in the then cutting-edge field of high energy electron beam therapy. In 1956, Jacques joined Dr. Erich Uhlmann at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago where one of the country’s first high energy medical linear accelerators had just been installed. During his 35 year tenure, Dr. Ovadia built a strong Medical Physics department that merged in 1984 with that of the University of Chicago. Jacques pioneered the use of high energy electron beams to treat deep seated tumors, multiple-field chest wall irradiation with variable electron energies, and even anticipated the current interest in high energy electron beam grid-therapy. At an early stage, he introduced a simulator, computerized treatment planning and in-house developed record and verify software. He retired in 1990 as Professor emeritus in Radiation and Cellular Biology at the University of Chicago. Dr. Ovadia was an early and strong supporter of AAPM. He was present at the Chicago ROMPS meeting where the decision was made to form an independent professional society for medical physics. He served as AAPM president in 1976. Jacques Ovadia is survived by his wife of 58 years, Florence, their daughter Corinne Graefe and son Marc Ovadia, MD, as well as four grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Jacques’ dynamic and ever enthusiastic personality inspired all who collaborated with him. He will be greatly missed

  8. Destructiveness in Political Discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Яна Александровна Волкова

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Destructiveness is among the fundamental discourse categories that play a significant role in the organization of communicative interaction and define the pragmatics of discourse; its study helps to understand some mechanisms and principles of communication, identify strategies and tactics used by a destructive communicative personality. The relevance of this study is determined by the increasing aggressiveness in various types of discourse, and, accordingly, by the need to extend the knowledge of destructive behavior of a communicative personality. The study is based on the theory of discourse-analysis and theory of destructiveness (Z. Harris, T. van Dijk, A. Buss, E. Fromm, D. Ponton, K. Hacker, R. Wodak. N. Arutyunova, V. Karasik, M. Makarov, E. Sheigal et al. Developing the theory of destructiveness and relying on Erich Fromm’s research (1973, we specify the concept of “destructiveness” in relation to the political discourse and compare it with the related concept of aggressiveness. The paper analyses the category of destructiveness in modern US political discourse, using excerpts from the speeches of the candidates for presidency of 2016. Particular attention is paid to the dominant destructive intention - to harm the reputation of the opponent and reduce his political chances, as well as to the functions of verbal aggression: on the one hand - to discredit the opponent, bring accusations, on the other hand - to poison the audience mind against him/her and arouse the feeling of danger posed by a political opponent. The analysis of verbal and nonverbal means of destructiveness in the US political discourse is carried out. The article concludes that abusive remarks of politicians do not result from spontaneous emotional outburst, but from an elaborated destructive strategy where the agonistic nature of political discourse stipulates the use of instrumental aggression (Buss, 1971 for the sake of the conquest of power, lowering the

  9. When gender matters: new insights into the relationships between social systems and the genetic structure of human populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Destro Bisol, Giovanni; Capocasa, Marco; Anagnostou, Paolo

    2012-10-01

    Due to its important effects on the ecological dynamics and the genetic structure of species, biologists have long been interested in gender-biased dispersal, a condition where one gender is more prone to move from the natal site. More recently, this topic has attracted a great attention from human evolutionary geneticists. Considering the close relations between residential rules and social structure, gender-biased dispersal is, in fact, regarded as an important case study concerning the effects of socio-cultural factors on human genetic variation. It all started with the seminal paper by Mark Seielstad, Erich Minch and Luigi Luca Cavalli Sforza from Stanford University (Seielstad et al. 1998). They observed a larger differentiation for Y-chromosome than mitochondrial DNA between extant human populations, purportedly a consequence of the prevalence of long-term patrilocality in human societies. Subsequent studies, however, have highlighted the need to consider geographically close and culturally homogeneous groups, disentangle signals due to different peopling events and obtain unbiased estimates of genetic diversity. In this issue of Molecular Ecology, not only do Marks et al. (2012) adopt an experimental design which addresses these concerns, but they also take a further and important step forward by integrating the genetic analysis of two distant populations, the Basotho and Spanish, with data regarding migration rates and matrimonial distances. Using both empirical evidence and simulations, the authors show that female-biased migration due to patrilocality might shape the genetic structure of human populations only at short ranges and under substantial differences in migration rates between genders. Providing a quantitative framework for future studies of the effects of residential rules on the human genome, this study paves the way for further developments in the field. On a wider perspective, Marks et al.'s work demonstrates the power of approaches which

  10. LANGUAGE OF LOVE IN MARCELIJUS MARTINAITIS "ATMINTYS"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Bačiulienė

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The notion of transcendental love in the context of “the eternal return”, the motif of Eros, and the image of a woman are discussed in Marcelijus Martinaitis’s book "Atmintys: meilės lyrikos albumas" (eng. "Reminiscences: the album of love lyrics" (2008. The methods of mythopoetic thought, comparativistics, and interpretative mind have been applied. On the basis of the Bible, mythology, the notion of and relation between Eros and Love, also combining notions developed by philosophers as Nikolai Berdyaev, Erich Fromm, Vladimir Solovyev, phenomenologists as Algis Mickūnas, Mircea Eliade, Plato, and insights by popes Paul VI and Benedict XVI, a concept which might be useful in deciphering the language of love in Marcelijus Martinaitis’s book is introduced. The primary code of the album of love is the concept of memory and the notion of love as seen by Oskaras Milašius, while the secondary code relates to Dante, chivalric romance of Provence troubadours, legends of King Arthur, Celtic mythology. The genre of M. Martinaitis’s reminiscences was born when the poet was studying in Gervinės, and the first collection of Reminiscences appeared in 1986. The text of Reminiscences was seen as hermetic, intertextual, reflecting the act of cosmogony and antropogony in permanent space-time. The process of word re-creation is associated with archetypal consciousness, and the cycle of “the eternal return” prevails. Love is perceived as transcendental and existential basis, a purpose to merge with God, God’s gift to humanity, and the vision of love object. Eros (passion is ambivalent: it is earthly / heavenly, sinful / divine, creating / destructive, and driving power of creation. A woman is seen as earthly / sensual, divine / unreachable. An issue which motif (Christian or courtesan literature dominates in the album of love lyrics is discussed. Album is of great interest as an immanent text.

  11. WE-A-207-00: In Memoriam of Jacques Ovadia - Reinvigorating Scientific Excellence: Electron Beam Therapy - Past, Present and Future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-06-15

    The Medical Physics community lost one of its early pioneers in radiation oncology physics, Jacques Ovadia, who passed away in April of 2014 at the age of 90. Jacques received his Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics from the University of Illinois at Urbana in 1951. Subsequently, under the guidance of John Laughlin, he was introduced to the field of Medical Physics. When John moved to Memorial Sloan Kettering, Jacques followed him. There he gained clinical experience and expertise in the then cutting-edge field of high energy electron beam therapy. In 1956, Jacques joined Dr. Erich Uhlmann at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago where one of the country’s first high energy medical linear accelerators had just been installed. During his 35 year tenure, Dr. Ovadia built a strong Medical Physics department that merged in 1984 with that of the University of Chicago. Jacques pioneered the use of high energy electron beams to treat deep seated tumors, multiple-field chest wall irradiation with variable electron energies, and even anticipated the current interest in high energy electron beam grid-therapy. At an early stage, he introduced a simulator, computerized treatment planning and in-house developed record and verify software. He retired in 1990 as Professor emeritus in Radiation and Cellular Biology at the University of Chicago. Dr. Ovadia was an early and strong supporter of AAPM. He was present at the Chicago ROMPS meeting where the decision was made to form an independent professional society for medical physics. He served as AAPM president in 1976. Jacques Ovadia is survived by his wife of 58 years, Florence, their daughter Corinne Graefe and son Marc Ovadia, MD, as well as four grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Jacques’ dynamic and ever enthusiastic personality inspired all who collaborated with him. He will be greatly missed.

  12. Californium loan programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1974-01-01

    The offer of the United States to loan Californium-252 sources to the IAEA was made by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg, then chairman of the USAEC, in his opening statement at the 15th. General Conference of the IAEA held in Vienna in 1971. The purpose of this loan was to make neutron emitting sources available to universities in the Member States for use in educational programmes. The sources, in the form of small needles designed for medical use in radiation therapy, were judged highly suitable for didactic applications due to their small size, limited activity and well documented radiological parameters. Subsequently, in May 1973, the Director General announced the availability of the Californium sources to the Member States. To date, numerous sources have been loaned to universities in Czechoslovakia, Costa Rica, the Federal Republic of Germany, Ghana, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, South Africa, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and Uruguay; additional applications for loans are being processed. It is anticipated that the loan programme will be terminated in 1975 once all the available sources have been distributed. n order to provide guidance for the Member States on the safe exploitation of these sources, a prototype use and storage facility was designed by IAEA staff of the Dosimetry Section of the Division of Life Sciences, and constructed at the IAEA laboratory in Seibersdorf, Austria. Figures 2-5 illustrate some of the details of this container, which is being given to the Ghana Nuclear Centre in support of a training programme for students at the university in Accra. Further advice to users of these sources will be provided by the publication of an instructional syllabus, a laboratory manual for experiments and the safety precautions inherent in the proper handling of neutron emitting radionuclides, authored by Professors Erich J. Hall and Harald H. Rossi of Columbia University. The syllabus and manual will be published as part of the IAEA Technical Series in September

  13. An analysis of totalitarian consciousness in Frankfurt School socio-critical theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. O. Demura

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the article there were analyzed the main ideas of Frankfurt School representatives, namely Theodor. W. Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Herbert Marcuse, Erich Fromm. The author attempted to identify the main causes of neototalitarianism formation and the formation of totalitarian regime in the 20th century. In the attempt the author based on the main researches and fundamental works of Frankfurt school representatives. It was established an interdependency between the Enlightenment practice and the mythologizing of consciousness; the role of culture was determined. The role of ideological system as one of the forms of social mythology was described. It was established the regularity between ‘happy consciousness’ of the Consumer Society and myths and ideological system effecting rooting in the society mass consciousness of the 20th century. The relevance of the article is determined by the need for critical thinking of the development of totalitarian states culture that today is becoming obvious. An awareness of the fact that social consciousness of post-Soviet states still guided by myths that were created and instituted by totalitarian culture makes us serious study of the problems mythologizing of consciousness and ideological influence. Therefore the deliverance from prejudice and the transition to a new round of democratic society is not possible without studying the formations foundations of mass society and the functions of culture in it. Moreover, the solution of modernity global problems and the transition on qualitatively new round of social and cultural development is impossible without definition of conditions that identified the construction of Western civilization.

  14. The study analysis of degradation product of Tributyl Phosphate by Gamma radiation and influence in extraction process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Damunir; Didiek Herhady, R; Busron-Masduki; Ashar-Waskito; Armanu

    1996-01-01

    The analysis study of degradation product of TBP by gamma radiation using Co-60 Irradiator Irvasena was done. The investigation stressed on analysis and the relation of degradation product of TBP and extraction process. TBP-dodecane 30 % irradiated by radiation doses 1.172x10 3 rad, 1.155x10 5 rad, 1.125x10 7 and 1.155x10 9 rad. The analysis of degradation product of TBP mainly of MBP and DBP were determined in the mixture media of 5 ml isopropyl alcohol, 5 ml ethylene glycol, 5 ml acetone and 15 ml alcohol with potentiometric titration using NaOH 0.1 N in the alcohol solution, at potential condition of 500 mV and potential derivative 500 mV. The experiment shows that the gamma radiation doses 1.125x10 7 rad result 0.125 ± 0.049 mg MBP/ml solvent and 1.556 ± 0.084 mg DBP/ml solvent and radiation doses 1.115x10 9 rad result 26.135 ± 0.114 mg MBP/ml solvent and 62.454 ± 1.107 mg DBP/ml solvent, MBP dan DBP un detectable for radiation doses 1.172x10 3 rad and 1.055x10 5 rad. The result of MBP and DBP analysis compare to Tachehiko Ishihara and Erich Zimmer, using potentiometric titration method for MBP and DBP analysis was reliable addition and none addition. The TBP-dodecane solvent was irradiation by radiation doses 10 7 rad or greater than, is suggested to treat the solvent by regeneration so that doesn't disturbance extraction

  15. Proceedings of the French-German symposium on Hydrogen-energy, an industrial model for the energy transition in France and in Germany: myth or reality?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bodineau, Luc; Menzen, Georg; Hotellier, Gaelle; Arnold, Peter Erich; Mauberger, Pascal; Roentzsch, Lars; Poggi, Philippe; Gervais, Thierry; Schneider, Guenther; Colomar, David; Buenger, Ulrich; Nieder, Babette; Zimmer, Rene; Le Grand, Jean-Francois

    2014-06-01

    This French-German conference on hydrogen energy was jointly organised by the French embassy in Berlin and the French-German office for renewable energies. The conference brought together about 200 scientific experts, industrialists and politicians from both countries. The conference approached first the regulatory aspects of hydrogen energy in both countries. Then, several R and D presentations were given by representatives of industrial groups, small companies and research organisations about some technological aspects of PEM fuel cells, solid storage, and materials for H 2 production. Next, some applications of hydrogen energy were discussed in particular in transportation systems. Finally, the last part of the conference was devoted to the challenges and perspectives of hydrogen energy, together with its social acceptability. This document brings together the different presentations (slides) given by the participants: 1 - Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cells in France Today, and prospective (Luc Bodineau); 2 - The situation of Energy Policy in Germany and the challenges for the Hydrogen Technology (Georg Menzen); 3 - PEM-Electrolysis - a technological bridge for a more flexible energy system (Gaelle Hotellie); 4 - Unlocking the Hydrogen Potential for Transport and Industry (Peter Erich Arnold); 5 - Hydrogen storage possibilities - the solid storage example (Pascal Mauberger); 6 - Innovative Materials and Manufacturing Technologies for H2 Production and H 2 Storage (Lars Roentzsch); 7 - Scientific development and industrial strategy, experience feedback from the Myrte platform and perspectives in the framework of the energy transition (Philippe Poggi, Thierry Gervais); 8 - 'Power to Gas' - Important partner for renewables with big impact potential (Guenther Schneider); 9 - Developing a Hydrogen Infrastructure for Transport in France and Germany. A Comparison (David Colomar, Ulrich Buenger; 10 - H2 and Fuel-Cells as Key Technologies for the Transition to Renewable

  16. Conference on hydrogen-energy in France and Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bodineau, Luc; Menzen, Georg; Arnold, Peter Erich; Mauberger, Pascal; Roentzsch, Lars; Poggi, Philippe; Gervais, Thierry; Schneider, Guenther; Colomar, David; Buenger, Ulrich; Nieder, Babette; Zimmer, Rene; Jeanne, Fabrice; Le Grand, Jean-Francois

    2014-01-01

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on hydrogen-energy in France and Germany. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, about 200 participants exchanged views on the different perspectives for use of hydrogen, in particular in transportation and energy storage applications. The technical production, transport and storage means were addressed too, as well as the technological models and the conditions for a large-scale industrial deployment. The economic prospects of hydrogen-energy in tomorrow's energy mix were also considered during the conference. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - Hydrogen energy and Fuel Cells in France Today, and prospective (Luc Bodineau); 2 - The situation of energy Policy in Germany and the challenges for the Hydrogen Technology (Georg Menzen); 3 - Unlocking the Hydrogen Potential for Transport and Industry (Peter Erich Arnold); 4 - Hydrogen, a new energy for our planet - Hydrogen storage possibilities: example of solid storage (Pascal Mauberger); 5 - Innovative Materials and Manufacturing Technologies for H 2 Production and H 2 Storage (Lars Roentzsch); 6 - Scientific development and industrial strategy: experience feedback from the Myrte platform and energy transition-related perspectives (Philippe Poggi, Thierry Gervais); 7 - 'Power to Gas' - Important partner for renewables with big impact potential (Guenther Schneider) 8 - Developing a Hydrogen Infrastructure for Transport in France and Germany - A Comparison (David Colomar, Ulrich Buenger); 9 - H 2 and Fuel-Cells as Key Technologies for the Transition to Renewable energies - The example of Herten (Babette Nieder); 10 - Social acceptance of hydrogen mobility in Germany (Rene Zimmer); 11 - Hydrogen - A development opportunity for regions? (Fabrice Jeanne)

  17. WE-A-207-01: Memorial Lecturer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muller-Runkel, R [St. Margaret Mercy Healthcare Centers, Hammond, IN (United States)

    2015-06-15

    The Medical Physics community lost one of its early pioneers in radiation oncology physics, Jacques Ovadia, who passed away in April of 2014 at the age of 90. Jacques received his Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics from the University of Illinois at Urbana in 1951. Subsequently, under the guidance of John Laughlin, he was introduced to the field of Medical Physics. When John moved to Memorial Sloan Kettering, Jacques followed him. There he gained clinical experience and expertise in the then cutting-edge field of high energy electron beam therapy. In 1956, Jacques joined Dr. Erich Uhlmann at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago where one of the country’s first high energy medical linear accelerators had just been installed. During his 35 year tenure, Dr. Ovadia built a strong Medical Physics department that merged in 1984 with that of the University of Chicago. Jacques pioneered the use of high energy electron beams to treat deep seated tumors, multiple-field chest wall irradiation with variable electron energies, and even anticipated the current interest in high energy electron beam grid-therapy. At an early stage, he introduced a simulator, computerized treatment planning and in-house developed record and verify software. He retired in 1990 as Professor emeritus in Radiation and Cellular Biology at the University of Chicago. Dr. Ovadia was an early and strong supporter of AAPM. He was present at the Chicago ROMPS meeting where the decision was made to form an independent professional society for medical physics. He served as AAPM president in 1976. Jacques Ovadia is survived by his wife of 58 years, Florence, their daughter Corinne Graefe and son Marc Ovadia, MD, as well as four grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Jacques’ dynamic and ever enthusiastic personality inspired all who collaborated with him. He will be greatly missed.

  18. Gobernar a través del espejo. neoliberalismo, gerencialismo y psicopolítica del control de la desviación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonidas Cheliotis

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es realizar una contribución epistemológica y sustantiva al estudio de la punitividad. En términos epistemológicos, se reclama el recurso al psicoanálisis, en especial a la orientación "materialista" de Erich Fromm. En términos sustantivos, mediante la puesta en relación de la teoría psicoanalítica de Fromm con las perspectivas de Economía política del castigo contemporáneo, el objetivo es indagar los modos en los que la penalidad contribuye, en las condiciones del capitalismo neoliberal en EEUU y en el Reino Unido, al proyecto, más amplio, de dominación estatal sobre la población. La atención se centra, en particular, en el rol simbólico del control punitivo físico sobre los segmentos más débiles, a los efectos de lograr el apoyo de las clases medias a unos Estados que son incapaces de responder a las expectativas públicas en materia socioeconómica. Como se argumenta en el texto, este proceso se canaliza mediante la construcción y el empleo de la delincuencia urbana violenta como un peligro grave y creciente, pero también por medio de la referencia a los léxicos y operaciones del gerencialismo, que tradicionalmente se han teorizado como desapasionados y moralmente neutrales.

  19. El estudio de la muerte en el islam: Una filosofía de la vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Marín Guzmán

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es un ensayo interpretativo sobre la muerte en el islam, las creencias religiosas y las prácticas sociales. El estudio de la muerte en el islam se aborda como una filosofía de la vida. Por ello se analizan algunas de las obras de Sigmund Freud, como Totem y Tabú y El Malestar de la Cultura, así como La Revolución de la Esperanza. Hacia una Tecnología Humanizada, de Erich Fromm. Para comparar con los aspectos psicoanalíticos de los autores mencionados, se estudia la obra del filósofo Séneca De Brevitate Vitae (De la Brevedad de la Vida y se compara con algunos libros cristianos sobre la necesidad de prepararse para la muerte, como por ejemplo la Imitación de Cristo de Tomás de Kempis y las más importantes obras musulmanas al respecto. En el islam el creyente y fiel seguidor del al-Qur’an y de las enseñanzas del Profeta Muhammad en la Sunna (dichos y hechos del Profeta no debe temer a la muerte y debe prepararse para enfrentarla, con la esperanza de la vida en el más allá (al-Akhira. En este ensayo se analizan también los conceptos sufíes (místicos del islam sobre la muerte y la esperanza que tienen de unirse a Allah en esta vida o en al-Akhira. Los sufíes por sus prácticas místicas están siempre preparados para la muerte, para gozar de Allah y de todas las bienaventuranzas del al-Janna (el Paraíso. Sus enseñanzas han servido de inspiración para muchos.

  20. L’approche sociopsychologique de Horkheimer, entre Fromm et Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia Genel

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Le cadre du programme interdisciplinaire de recherche défini par Max Horkheimer dans les années 1930 doit beaucoup à Erich Fromm, qui a introduit la psychologie sociale dans la Théorie critique de la société. Or, une décennie plus tard, Fromm est la cible privilégiée des attaques et sa théorie apparaît désormais comme incompatible avec les positions défendues par Horkheimer et Adorno. Partant de ces tensions qui ont marqué l’histoire de l’École de Francfort, le présent article vise à éclaircir le déplacement qu’elles traduisent sur le plan épistémologique. Si Horkheimer et Fromm partagent des prémisses communes, le premier, dans son travail avec Adorno, se rapproche de manière croissante de la doctrine freudienne alors que le second s’en éloigne. Nous voudrions montrer que l’accord entre Fromm et Horkheimer fut surtout négatif puisqu’il portait sur la critique de Freud : les divergences entre les deux penseurs apparaissent clairement, dès lors qu’on pose en profondeur la question de l’usage de la psychanalyse pour analyser l’un des problèmes centraux de la théorie de la société, l’antagonisme entre individu et société.

  1. Análise da qualidade de vida de portadores de uveítes de causas infecciosas e não infecciosas pelo questionário NEI-VFQ-25 Analysis of the life quality of infectious and non-infectious patients with uveitis using the NEI-VFQ-25 questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Resende Aquino de Assis Pereira Mello

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes portadores de uveítes infecciosas e não infecciosas avaliados no setor de uveíte do serviço de oftalmologia do Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho - UFRJ, por meio da aplicação do questionário NEI-VFQ-25, de modo a esclarecer melhor a importância do diagnóstico e tratamento das uveítes, assim como suas conseqüências na função visual e social dos pacientes. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo composto de 30 pacientes com uveítes que foram divididos em dois grupos conforme a etiologia, infecciosa e não infecciosa, tendo sido aplicado duas vezes em cada paciente o questionário NEI-VFQ-25 que avalia a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde geral e visual. RESULTADOS: A toxoplasmose foi a principal causa de uveíte infecciosa, enquanto a não infecciosa foi a síndrome de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada. Quanto à qualidade de vida, a saúde geral é melhor no grupo de causa infecciosa, sendo que a saúde ocular é regular nos dois grupos. Apesar do déficit visual não provocar grandes distúrbios e restrições sociais, ambos os grupos apresentam comprometimento emocional importante, sendo que no grupo de causa não infecciosa, esse comprometimento gera grau maior de dependência para a realização de tarefas do cotidiano. CONCLUSÃO: A maior dependência social e na realização de atividades do dia-a-dia no grupo de uveítes de causa não infecciosas, se explica pelo modo crônico e recidivante dessas afecções, o que leva à qualidade de vida inferior se comparada ao outro grupo.PURPOSE: To evaluate the life quality of patients with infectious and non-infectious uveitis evaluated at the uveitis service of the Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho-UFRJ, using the NEI-VFQ-25 questionnaire in order to clarify the importance of uveitis diagnosis and treatment as well as its consequences to visual and social functions of the patients. METHODS: Prospective study of 30 patients

  2. Retaining professional nurses in South Africa: Nurse managers’ perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Mokoka

    2010-11-01

    An exploratory, descriptive, contextual and qualitative design was used to describe nurse managers’views on factors which could influence professional nurse retention, as well as their views regarding attributes that were required to enable them to contribute towards enhancing professional nurse retention. A purposive sample of nurse managers employed in public and private hospitals in the Gauteng province was selected. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 nurse managers.The results were analysed qualitatively and contextualised within Vogt, Cox, Velthouse and Thames’s Cork-Top (Bottleneck Theory of Nurse Retention (1983 and Lewin’s Force-Field Analysis Theory (1952. Factors pertaining to individual nurses, the organisation and nurse managers could influence the retention of professional nurses. Poor working conditions, long and inconvenient working hours,uncompetitive salaries and professional development of nurses have to be addressed to enhance professional nurses’ retention. Unsafe working environments and a lack of resources threaten the safety and well-being of nurses and patients and contribute to high turnover rates. Nurse managers have to address shortcomings in their managerial and leadership skills and implement changes within a multigenerational nursing workforce and challenging working environments. Opsomming Suid-Afrika ervaar ’n ernstige tekort aan verpleegkundiges wat aangespreek moet word ten einde krisisse in gesondheidsorgdienste te voorkom. Vorige studies (Fletcher 2001:324; Oosthuizen 2005:117 het bevind dat verpleegkundiges hulle werksomgewing verander as gevolg van ontevredenheid met hulle werksituasies. Dit impliseer dat die daarstelling van ’n gunstige omgewing in die werkpleksituasie, kan help om professionele verpleegkundiges in hulle poste te behou, wat beteken dat retensiestrategieë doeltreffend moet wees. ’n Verkennende, beskrywende, kontekstuele, kwalitatiewe ontwerp was gebruik om verpleegbestuurders se

  3. A new method for large-scale assessment of change in ecosystem functioning in relation to land degradation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horion, Stephanie; Ivits, Eva; Verzandvoort, Simone; Fensholt, Rasmus

    2017-04-01

    Ongoing pressures on European land are manifold with extreme climate events and non-sustainable use of land resources being amongst the most important drivers altering the functioning of the ecosystems. The protection and conservation of European natural capital is one of the key objectives of the 7th Environmental Action Plan (EAP). The EAP stipulates that European land must be managed in a sustainable way by 2020 and the UN Sustainable development goals define a Land Degradation Neutral world as one of the targets. This implies that land degradation (LD) assessment of European ecosystems must be performed repeatedly allowing for the assessment of the current state of LD as well as changes compared to a baseline adopted by the UNCCD for the objective of land degradation neutrality. However, scientifically robust methods are still lacking for large-scale assessment of LD and repeated consistent mapping of the state of terrestrial ecosystems. Historical land degradation assessments based on various methods exist, but methods are generally non-replicable or difficult to apply at continental scale (Allan et al. 2007). The current lack of research methods applicable at large spatial scales is notably caused by the non-robust definition of LD, the scarcity of field data on LD, as well as the complex inter-play of the processes driving LD (Vogt et al., 2011). Moreover, the link between LD and changes in land use (how land use changes relates to change in vegetation productivity and ecosystem functioning) is not straightforward. In this study we used the segmented trend method developed by Horion et al. (2016) for large-scale systematic assessment of hotspots of change in ecosystem functioning in relation to LD. This method alleviates shortcomings of widely used linear trend model that does not account for abrupt change, nor adequately captures the actual changes in ecosystem functioning (de Jong et al. 2013; Horion et al. 2016). Here we present a new methodology for

  4. Jupiter's X-ray Auroral Pulsations and Spectra During Juno Perijove 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, W.; Branduardi-Raymont, G.; Ray, L. C.; Jackman, C. M.; Kraft, R.; Gladstone, R.; Yao, Z.; Rae, J.; Gray, R.; Elsner, R.; Grodent, D. C.; Nichols, J. D.; Ford, P. G.; Ness, J. U.; Kammer, J.; Rodriguez, P.

    2017-12-01

    Jupiter's X-ray aurora is concentrated into a bright and dynamic hot spot that is produced by precipitating 10 MeV ions [Gladstone et al. 2002; Elsner et al. 2005; Branduardi-Raymont et al. 2007]. These highly energetic emissions exhibit pulsations over timescales of 10s of minutes and change morphology, intensity and precipitating particle populations from observation to observation and pole to pole [e.g. Dunn et al. 2016; in-press]. The acceleration process/es that allow Jupiter to produce these high-energy ion charge exchange emissions are not well understood, but are concentrated in the most poleward regions of the aurora, where field lines map to the outer magnetosphere and possibly beyond [Vogt et al. 2015; Kimura et al. 2016]. On July 11th 2017, NASA's Juno spacecraft conducted its 7th perijove flyby of Jupiter and is predicted to have flown directly through field lines that map to the Northern and Southern X-ray hot spots. During this unique flight, the XMM-Newton observatory conducted 40 hours of continuous time-tagged X-ray observations. We present the results from these X-ray observations, showing that Jupiter's X-ray aurora varies significantly from one planetary rotation to the next and that the spectral signatures, indicative of the precipitating ion and electron populations producing the emission, also vary. We measure the Doppler broadening of the spectral lines to calculate the ion energies at the point when they impact the ionosphere, in order that these might be compared with in-situ data to constrain Jovian auroral acceleration processes. Finally, we compare X-ray signatures from the last decade of observations with UV polar emissions at similar times to further enrich multi-wavelength connections and deepen our understanding of how Jupiter is able to generate its highly energetic polar auroral precipitations.

  5. Efectos hematológicos inducidos por los programas de hipoxia intermitente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo J. Ramos Campo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre las estrategias de entrenamiento en condicio- nes de altitud simulada más utilizadas destaca la expo- sición a hipoxia intermitente ( IHE , la cual se aplica me- diante la estancia pasiva en habitaciones con ambiente hipóxico o a través de la respiración de aire con menos concentración de O 2 , junto con el método denomina- do entrenamiento en hipoxia intermitente ( IHT , que consiste en llevar a cabo sesiones de entrenamiento en condiciones de hipoxia (Millet, Roels, Schmitt, Woorons & Richalet, 2010. Los efectos de los programas de exposición y entre- namiento en hipoxia intermitente se relacionan con un incremento de la eritropoyesis que deriva en una mejora de parámetros fisiológicos relacionados con el rendimiento, como el umbral anaeróbico o el consumo máximo de oxígeno y un incremento del rendimiento anaeróbico. Tal como observamos en la literatura, los programas IHT parecen ser mucho más beneficiosos que los de IHE para estimular la eritropoyesis e incrementar el rendi- miento deportivo, si bien con ambos métodos se obser- va una mejora en los valores sanguíneos claves para la neoformación de glóbulos rojos y que afectan al ren- dimiento deportivo. Fundamentalmente esto se debe a que el ejercicio en hipoxia juega un rol importante en las adaptaciones hematológicas y fisiológicas del orga- nismo, si bien en este campo de investigación aún hay preguntas básicas que deben ser contestadas (Hoppeler & Vogt, 2001.

  6. Inter-Seasonal and Annual Co-Variation of Smallholder Production Portfolios, Volumes and Incomes with Rainfall and Flood Levels in the Amazon Estuary: Implications for Building Livelihood Resilience to Increasing Variability of Hydro-Climatic Regimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, N. D.; Fernandes, K.; Pinedo-Vasquez, M.; Brondizio, E. S.; Almeida, O.; Rivero, S.; Rabelo, F. R.; Dou, Y.; Deadman, P.

    2014-12-01

    In this paper we investigate inter-seasonal and annual co-variations of rainfall and flood levels with Caboclo production portfolios, and proportions of it they sell and consume, in the Amazon Estuary from August 2012 to August 2014. Caboclos of the estuary maintain a diverse and flexible land-use portfolio, with a shift in dominant use from agriculture to agroforestry and forestry since WWII (Vogt et al., 2014). The current landscape is configured for acai, shrimp and fish production. In the last decade the frequency of wet seasons with anomalous flood levels and duration has increased primarily from changes in rainfall and discharge from upstream basins. Local rainfall, though with less influence on extreme estuarine flood levels, is reported to be more sporadic and intense in wet season and variable in both wet and dry seasons, for yet unknown reasons. The current production portfolio and its flexibility are felt to build resilience to these increases in hydro-climatic variability and extreme events. What is less understood, for time and costliness of daily measures at household levels, is how variations in flood and rainfall levels affect shifts in the current production portfolio of estuarine Caboclos, and the proportions of it they sell and consume. This is needed to identify what local hydro-climatic thresholds are extreme for current livelihoods, that is, that most adversely affect food security and income levels. It is also needed identify the large-scale forcings driving those extreme conditions to build forecasts for when they will occur. Here we present results of production, rainfall and flood data collected daily in households from both the North and South Channel of the Amazon estuary over last two years to identify how they co-vary, and robustness of current production portfolio under different hydro-climatic conditions.

  7. Bioreactor systems for tissue engineering II. Strategies for the expansion and directed differentiation of stem cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kasper, Cornelia [Hannover Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Technische Chemie; Griensven, Martijn van [Ludwig Boltzmann Institut fuer Klinische und Experimentelle Traumatologie, Wien (Austria); Poertner, Ralf (eds.) [Technische Univ. Hamburg-Harburg (Germany). Inst. Biotechnologie und Verfahrenstechnik

    2010-07-01

    Alternative Sources of Adult Stem Cells: Human Amniotic Membrane, by S. Wolbank, M. van Griensven, R. Grillari-Voglauer, and A. Peterbauer-Scherb; - Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Derived from Human Umbilical Cord Tissues: Primitive Cells with Potential for Clinical and Tissue Engineering Applications, by P. Moretti, T. Hatlapatka, D. Marten, A. Lavrentieva, I. Majore, R. Hass and C. Kasper; - Isolation, Characterization, Differentiation, and Application of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells, by J. W. Kuhbier, B. Weyand, C. Radtke, P. M. Vogt, C. Kasper and K. Reimers; - Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells: Characteristics and Perspectives, by T. Cantz and U. Martin; - Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Technology in Regenerative Medicine and Biology, by D. Pei, J. Xu, Q. Zhuang, H.-F. Tse and M. A. Esteban; - Production Process for Stem Cell Based Therapeutic Implants: Expansion of the Production Cell Line and Cultivation of Encapsulated Cells, by C. Weber, S. Pohl, R. Poertner, P. Pino-Grace, D. Freimark, C. Wallrapp, P. Geigle and P. Czermak; - Cartilage Engineering from Mesenchymal Stem Cells, by C. Goepfert, A. Slobodianski, A.F. Schilling, P. Adamietz and R. Poertner; - Outgrowth Endothelial Cells: Sources, Characteristics and Potential Applications in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, by S. Fuchs, E. Dohle, M. Kolbe, C. J. Kirkpatrick; - Basic Science and Clinical Application of Stem Cells in Veterinary Medicine, by I. Ribitsch, J. Burk, U. Delling, C. Geissler, C. Gittel, H. Juelke, W. Brehm; - Bone Marrow Stem Cells in Clinical Application: Harnessing Paracrine Roles and Niche Mechanisms, by R. M. El Backly, R. Cancedda; - Clinical Application of Stem Cells in the Cardiovascular System, C. Stamm, K. Klose, Y.-H. Choi. (orig.)

  8. Utilization of agrarian potentials'. Challenges for agriculturists and society; Agrar-Potenziale nutzen.. Herausforderung fuer Landwirte und Gesellschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    Within the scope of the meeting 'Utilization of agrarian potentials' held by Deutsche Landwirtschaftliche Gesellschaft e.V. at 8th to 10th January, 2008, in Muenster (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (a) The world markets move - challenges for production (Joachim von Braun); (b) Global markets - future terms of references for the agriculture: guidelines for future strategies under new objectives (Juergen Zeddies); (c) Structural change and globalization - challenges for cooperative societies as market partners of the agriculture (Andreas Schueren, Dieter Hake); (d) More efficient utilization of scarce resources - we need changed thought patterns and decision patterns (Carl-Albrecht Bartmer); (e) Optimal intensities in the agriculture - the requirement of the hour: Adjustment of production at optimal intensity (Theo Jachmann); (f) Growth potentials of selected locations for the agriculture - area productivity in the international comparison (Klaus Nehring); (g) Optimization of the intensities in the crop farming - new challenges, possible adjustments (Hubertus Paetow); (h) Considering inventory management? The fertilization of tomorrow (Klaus Muenchhoff); (i) Value added chain of grain - quality requirements from the view of the traceability: The test system grain (Petra Melisch); (j) Young farmers full of optimism - current results of interview for the estimation of the situation and future and to efficiency potentials (Marika Prasser-Strith); (k) The responsibility for the soil - challenges at technology for cultivation and tillage (Franz-Georg von Busse); (l) The sustainable use of the plough land is an obligation - plough land is precious. (Lothar Hoevelmann); (m) Development of milk cattle companies till 2015 - strategic future planning now necessarily (Johannes Thomsen); (n) The ethical responsibility for a sustainable and global development - agriculture and nutrition (Beatrice van Saan-Klein, Markus Vogt); (o) Ethical

  9. Is the extremely rare Iberian endemic plant species Castrilanthemum debeauxii (Compositae, Anthemideae) a 'living fossil'? Evidence from a multi-locus species tree reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomasello, Salvatore; Álvarez, Inés; Vargas, Pablo; Oberprieler, Christoph

    2015-01-01

    The present study provides results of multi-species coalescent species tree analyses of DNA sequences sampled from multiple nuclear and plastid regions to infer the phylogenetic relationships among the members of the subtribe Leucanthemopsidinae (Compositae, Anthemideae), to which besides the annual Castrilanthemum debeauxii (Degen, Hervier & É.Rev.) Vogt & Oberp., one of the rarest flowering plant species of the Iberian Peninsula, two other unispecific genera (Hymenostemma, Prolongoa), and the polyploidy complex of the genus Leucanthemopsis belong. Based on sequence information from two single- to low-copy nuclear regions (C16, D35, characterised by Chapman et al. (2007)), the multi-copy region of the nrDNA internal transcribed spacer regions ITS1 and ITS2, and two intergenic spacer regions of the cpDNA gene trees were reconstructed using Bayesian inference methods. For the reconstruction of a multi-locus species tree we applied three different methods: (a) analysis of concatenated sequences using Bayesian inference (MrBayes), (b) a tree reconciliation approach by minimizing the number of deep coalescences (PhyloNet), and (c) a coalescent-based species-tree method in a Bayesian framework ((∗)BEAST). All three species tree reconstruction methods unequivocally support the close relationship of the subtribe with the hitherto unclassified genus Phalacrocarpum, the sister-group relationship of Castrilanthemum with the three remaining genera of the subtribe, and the further sister-group relationship of the clade of Hymenostemma+Prolongoa with a monophyletic genus Leucanthemopsis. Dating of the (∗)BEAST phylogeny supports the long-lasting (Early Miocene, 15-22Ma) taxonomical independence and the switch from the plesiomorphic perennial to the apomorphic annual life-form assumed for the Castrilanthemum lineage that may have occurred not earlier than in the Pliocene (3Ma) when the establishment of a Mediterranean climate with summer droughts triggered evolution towards

  10. Teaching and Learning the Language of Science: A Case Study of Academic Language Acquisition in a Dual Language Middle School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gose, Robin Margaretha

    English language learners (EL) are the fastest growing sub-group of the student population in California, yet ELs also score the lowest on the science section of the California Standardized Tests. In the area of bilingual education, California has dramatically changed its approach to English learners since the passage of Proposition 227 in 1998, which called for most EL instruction to be conducted in English (Cummins, 2000; Echevarria, Vogt, & Short, 2008). In reality, this means that EL students are often placed in programs that focus on basic language skills rather than rigorous content, meaning that they are not getting access to grade level science content (Lee & Fradd, 1998). As a result, many EL students exit eighth grade without a strong foundation in science, and they continue to score below their English-speaking peers on standardized achievements. While the usefulness of the academic language construct remains controversial (Bailey, 2012), the language used in science instruction is nevertheless often unfamiliar to both EL and English proficient students. The discourse is frequently specialized for discipline-specific interactions and activities (Bailey, 2007; Lemke, 1990). This qualitative case study examined academic language instruction in three middle school science classrooms at a dual language charter school. The goal was to understand how teachers integrate academic language and content for linguistically diverse students. The findings fom this study indicate that targeting language instruction in isolation from science content instruction prohibits students from engaging in the "doing of science" and scientific discourse, or the ability to think, reason, and communicate about science. The recommendations of this study support authentically embedding language development into rigorous science instruction in order to maximize opportunities for learning in both domains.

  11. Comparison of gridded versus observation data to initialize ARAC dispersion models for the Algeciras, Spain steel mill CS-137 release

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aluzzi, F J; Pace, J C; Pobanz, B M; Vogt, P J

    1999-01-01

    On May 30, 1998 scrap metal containing radioactive Cesium-137 (Cs-137) was accidentally melted in a furnace at the Acerinox steel mill in Algeciras, Spain. Cs-137 was released from the mill's smokestack, and spread across the western Mediterranean Sea to France and Italy and beyond. The first indication of the release was radiation levels up to 1000 times background reported by Swiss, French, and Italian authorities during the following two weeks. Initially no elevated radiation levels were detected over Spain. A release of hazardous material to the atmosphere is the type of situation the Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) emergency response organization was designed to address. The amount and exact time of the release were unknown, though the incident was thought to have taken place during the last week in May. Using air concentration measurements supplied by colleagues of ARAC in Spain, France, Switzerland, Italy, Sweden, Russia and the European Union, ARAC meteorologists estimated the magnitude and timing of the release (Vogt, 1999). Correctly locating the downwind footprint is the most important goal of emergency response modeling. In this study, we compare predicted results for the Algeciras event based on four wind data sources: (1) US Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) data alone, (2) surface and upper air observations alone, (3) NOGAPS data together with surface and upper air observations, and (4) forecasts from ARAC's in-house execution of the U.S. Navy Operational Regional Atmospheric Prediction System (NORAPS) (without surface or upper air observations). We compare the resulting dispersion predictions from ARAC's diagnostic dispersion modeling system to the measurements supplied by our European colleagues to determine which data source produced the best results

  12. Epidemiology of uveitis in a Western urban multiethnic population. The challenge of globalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llorenç, Victor; Mesquida, Marina; Sainz de la Maza, Maite; Keller, Johannes; Molins, Blanca; Espinosa, Gerard; Hernandez, María V; Gonzalez-Martín, Julian; Adán, Alfredo

    2015-09-01

    To report the anatomical pattern and etiological spectrum of uveitis in an urban multi-ethnic population from Barcelona, Spain. General and specific epidemiological data for the most prevalent aetiologies are also calculated. A cross-sectional study of consecutive uveitis cases was performed between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2012. Exogenous endophthalmitis, surgery-related, post-traumatic and toxic uveitis along with masquerade syndromes were excluded. Anatomical (Standard Uveitis Nomenclature criteria) and aetiological patterns (by tailored tests), age, sex, geographical origin and laterality were analysed. Mean incidence and prevalence were calculated for a mid-period reference population. From 1022 patients included, 52% were anterior uveitis (AU), 23% posterior, 15% panuveitis and 9% intermediate uveitis. Aetiologically, 26% were unclassifiable, 29% infectious, 25% associated with systemic immune diseases, and 20% corresponded to ocular-specific syndromes. Among classified causes, herpesvirus (12%), toxoplasma (7%), Behçet's disease (BD) (5%), HLA-B27-isolated AU (5%), ankylosing spondylitis (5%), tuberculosis-related uveitis (TRU) (5%), birdshot chorioretinopathy (3%) and sarcoidosis (3%) were the most frequent. Non-Spanish origin was recorded in 22%, with 47% of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada and 36% of toxoplasma cases coming from South America, 10% of BD and 11% of TRU from Africa and 24% of TRU cases from Asia. A mean annual incidence of 51.91 cases/100,000 inhabitants was found for the referral population. In our referral area, 74% of the uveitis cases can be correctly classified. A large myriad of uveitis aetiologies with a strong geographical origin burden are found in Western urban multi-ethnic populations. © 2015 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. English language learners with learning disabilities interacting in a science class within an inclusion setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayala, Vivian Luz

    In today's schools there are by far more students identified with learning disabilities (LD) than with any other disability. The U.S. Department of Education in the year 1997--98 reported that there are 38.13% students with LD in our nations' schools (Smith, Polloway, Patton, & Dowdy, 2001; U.S. Department of Education, 1999). Of those, 1,198,200 are considered ELLs with LD (Baca & Cervantes. 1998). These figures which represent an increase evidence the need to provide these students with educational experiences geared to address both their academic and language needs (Ortiz, 1997; Ortiz, & Garcia, 1995). English language learners with LD must be provided with experiences in the least restrictive environment (LRE) and must be able to share the same kind of social and academic experiences as those students from the general population (Etscheidt & Bartlett, 1999; Lloyd, Kameenui, & Chard, 1997) The purpose of this research was to conduct a detailed qualitative study on classroom interactions to enhance the understanding of the science curriculum in order to foster the understanding of content and facilitate the acquisition of English as a second language (Cummins, 2000; Echevarria, Vogt, & Short, 2000). This study was grounded on the theories of socioconstructivism, second language acquisition, comprehensible input, and classroom interactions. The participants of the study were fourth and fifth grade ELLS with LD in a science elementary school bilingual inclusive setting. Data was collected through observations, semi-structured interviews (students and teacher), video and audio taping, field notes, document analysis, and the Classroom Observation Schedule (COS). The transcriptions of the video and audio tapes were coded to highlight emergent patterns on the type of interactions and language used by the participants. The findings of the study intend to provide information for teachers of ELLs with LD about the implications of using classroom interactions point to

  14. Georg N. Koskinas (1885-1975) and his scientific contributions to the normal and pathological anatomy of the human brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triarhou, Lazaros C

    2005-12-30

    Georg N. Koskinas is invariably recognised by neuroanatomists as Constantin von Economo's co-author on the celebrated Die Cytoarchitektonik der Hirnrinde des erwachsenen Menschen, published 80 years ago in Vienna and Berlin. That text and Atlas are generally accepted as a monumental landmark in the evolution of morphological brain research. A number of neuroanatomists and neurophysiologists continue to use to this day the parcellation scheme of the cerebral cortex into 107 areas, proposed by von Economo and Koskinas (and logically denoted by alphabetical characters from the initials of the respective lobes), despite the commoner adoption of Brodmann's scheme of 52, randomly numbered, areas. Several works have been written about the life and work of von Economo; on the other hand, virtually nothing can be found in the biomedical literature about Koskinas. This study aims at posthumously restoring part of the fame due this illustrious man of 20th century science -- and giant figure of brain anatomy -- whom history has not treated in the fairest of ways. We present newly gathered biographical data, as well as lesser known aspects of his scientific productivity. Koskinas' neuropathological studies, in collaboration with Ernst Sträussler -- of Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease fame -- include findings from patients inoculated with malaria as a form of therapy for progressive general paresis (research related to psychiatrist Wagner von Jauregg's 1927 Nobel Prize), colloid degeneration, and the laminar distribution of status spongiosus lesions. Koskinas' neuropsychiatric activities in Greece upon his return from Vienna in 1927, and until his parting in 1975, are further related, including his successful -- and "Hippocratic" -- practice in the suburbs of Athens, his association with the Vogt Institute for Brain Research at Neustadt, and lesser known neuroanatomical works.

  15. Clinical Features of Pregnancy-associated Retinal and Choroidal Diseases Causing Acute Visual Disturbance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Young Joo; Park, Kyu Hyung; Woo, Se Joon

    2017-08-01

    To report clinical features of patients with retinal and choroidal diseases presenting with acute visual disturbance during pregnancy. In this retrospective case series, patients who developed acute visual loss during pregnancy (including puerperium) and visited a tertiary hospital from July 2007 to June 2015, were recruited by searching electronic medical records. Patients were categorized according to the cause of visual loss. Clinical features and required diagnostic modalities were analyzed in the retinal and choroidal disease group. Acute visual loss occurred in 147 patients; 49 (38.9%) were classified into the retinal and choroidal group. The diagnoses included central serous chorioretinopathy (22.4%), hypertensive retinopathy with or without pre-eclampsia (22.4%), retinal tear with or without retinal detachment (18.4%), diabetic retinopathy progression (10.2%), Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (4.1%), retinal artery occlusion (4.1%), multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (4.1%), and others (14.3%). Visual symptoms first appeared at gestational age 25.9 ± 10.3 weeks. The initial best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.27 ± 0.39 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR); the final BCVA after delivery improved to 0.13 ± 0.35 logMAR. Serious visual deterioration (BCVA worth than 20 / 200) developed in two patients. Differential diagnoses were established with characteristic fundus and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography findings in all cases. In pregnant women with acute visual loss, retinal and choroidal diseases are common and could be vision threatening. Physicians should be aware of pregnancy-associated retinal and choroidal diseases and their clinical features. The differential diagnosis can be established with non-invasive techniques. © 2017 The Korean Ophthalmological Society

  16. Chandra observations of Jupiter's X-ray Aurora during Juno upstream and apojove intervals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, W.; Jackman, C. M.; Kraft, R.; Gladstone, R.; Branduardi-Raymont, G.; Knigge, C.; Altamirano, D.; Elsner, R.; Kammer, J.

    2017-12-01

    The Chandra space telescope has recently conducted a number of campaigns to observe Jupiter's X-ray aurora. The first set of campaigns took place in summer 2016 while the Juno spacecraft was upstream of the planet sampling the solar wind. The second set of campaigns took place in February, June and August 2017 at times when the Juno spacecraft was at apojove. These campaigns were planned following the Juno orbit correction to capitalise on the opportunity to image the X-ray emission while Juno was orbiting close to the expected position of the magnetopause. Previous work has suggested that the auroral X-ray emissions map close to the magnetopause boundary [e.g. Vogt et al., 2015; Kimura et al., 2016; Dunn et al., 2016] and thus in situ spacecraft coverage in this region combined with remote observation of the X-rays afford the chance to constrain the drivers of these energetic emissions and determine if they originate on open or closed field lines. We aim to examine possible drivers of X-ray emission including reconnection and the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability and to explore the role of the solar wind in controlling the emissions. We report on these upstream and apojove campaigns including intensities and periodicities of auroral X-ray emissions. This new era of jovian X-ray astronomy means we have more data than ever before, long observing windows (up to 72 ks for this Chandra set), and successive observations relatively closely spaced in time. These features combine to allow us to pursue novel methods for examining periodicities in the X-ray emission. Our work will explore significance testing of emerging periodicities, and the search for coherence in X-ray pulsing over weeks and months, seeking to understand the robustness and regularity of previously reported hot spot X-ray emissions. The periods that emerge from our analysis will be compared against those which emerge from radio and UV wavelengths.

  17. Birch pollen influence the severity of atopic eczema – prospective clinical cohort pilot study and ex vivo penetration study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fölster-Holst R

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Regina Fölster-Holst,1 Jagoda Galecka,1 Sigo Weißmantel,1 Ute Dickschat,2 Frank Rippke,3 Kerstin Bohnsack,3 Thomas Werfel,4 Katja Wichmann,4 Matthias Buchner,1 Thomas Schwarz,1 Annika Vogt,5 Jürgen Lademann,5 Martina C Meinke5 1Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergy, University of Kiel, 2Wörth, 3Beiersdorf AG, Hamburg, 4Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergy, Division of Immunodermatology and Allergy Research, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, 5Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany Abstract: There is little clinical evidence for a correlation between the severity of atopic eczema (AE and pollen exposition. To obtain more data, we performed a clinical cohort pilot study about the influence of pollen on AE between sensitized and nonsensitized subjects and an experimental study addressing the cutaneous penetration of pollen into the skin. Fifty-five patients were monitored during birch pollen season. To study the cutaneous penetration, grass pollen allergens were applied on excised skin and the uptake in CD1c-expressing dendritic cells was investigated. The correlation between environmental pollen load and severity of the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD score and pruritus was observed, regardless of the status of sensitization. The sensitized group recovered significantly worse after the birch pollen season. Remarkably higher amounts of pollen allergens taken up by CD1c cells were detected in epidermal cells derived from skin explants with a disturbed epidermal barrier. These findings suggest an exacerbating role of pollen in AE utilizing the epidermal route. Keywords: aeroallergens, atopic eczema, seasonality, skin antigen-presenting cells, skin barrier penetration

  18. Observations of TT Ari requested in support of MOST observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waagen, Elizabeth O.

    2012-08-01

    Dr. Nikolaus Vogt (Universidad de Valparaiso, Chile) requested simultaneous photometry and spectroscopy of the novalike (VY Scl subtype) cataclysmic variable TT Ari in support of upcoming observations with the Canadian Microvariability and Oscillations of Stars (MOST) satellite 2012 September 13 through October 20. The Departamento de Fisica y Astronomia of the Valparaiso University will carry out photometry with small telescopes in central Chile but the assistance of other observers, particularly in other latitudes and longitudes, is requested. The observations are being carried out to study superhump behavior, which is still not well understood despite the amount of research done in all classes of cataclysmic variables. TT Ari exibits superhumps - both positive (the superhump period is longer than the orbital period) and negative (the superhump period is shorter than the orbital period). While positive superhumps are thought probably to be the result of an eccentric configuration in the accretion disk, the mechanism for negative superhumps is not yet understood except that it may be related to the disk's being warped out of the orbital plane, leading to complex torque phenomena. TT Ari, one of the brightest cataclysmic variables, exhibits occasional fadings of several magnitudes, from its usual high-state (maximum) magnitude of ~10.5V to a low-state magnitude as faint as 16V. These fadings occur every 20-25 years, and last between 500 and 1000 days. According to observations in the AAVSO International Database, TT Ari is currently magnitude 10.5V. Finder charts with sequence may be created using the AAVSO Variable Star Plotter (http://www.aavso.org/vsp). Observations should be submitted to the AAVSO International Database. See full Alert Notice for more details, particularly regarding goals of the campaign, and observing instructions.

  19. A Comprehensive Proteomics Analysis of the Human Iris Tissue: Ready to Embrace Postgenomics Precision Medicine in Ophthalmology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murthy, Krishna R; Dammalli, Manjunath; Pinto, Sneha M; Murthy, Kalpana Babu; Nirujogi, Raja Sekhar; Madugundu, Anil K; Dey, Gourav; Subbannayya, Yashwanth; Mishra, Uttam Kumar; Nair, Bipin; Gowda, Harsha; Prasad, T S Keshava

    2016-09-01

    The annual economic burden of visual disorders in the United States was estimated at $139 billion. Ophthalmology is therefore one of the salient application fields of postgenomics biotechnologies such as proteomics in the pursuit of global precision medicine. Interestingly, the protein composition of the human iris tissue still remains largely unexplored. In this context, the uveal tract constitutes the vascular middle coat of the eye and is formed by the choroid, ciliary body, and iris. The iris forms the anterior most part of the uvea. It is a thin muscular diaphragm with a central perforation called pupil. Inflammation of the uvea is termed uveitis and causes reduced vision or blindness. However, the pathogenesis of the spectrum of diseases causing uveitis is still not very well understood. We investigated the proteome of the iris tissue harvested from healthy donor eyes that were enucleated within 6 h of death using high-resolution Fourier transform mass spectrometry. A total of 4959 nonredundant proteins were identified in the human iris, which included proteins involved in signaling, cell communication, metabolism, immune response, and transport. This study is the first attempt to comprehensively profile the global proteome of the human iris tissue and, thus, offers the potential to facilitate biomedical research into pathological diseases of the uvea such as Behcet's disease, Vogt Koyonagi Harada's disease, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Finally, we make a call to the broader visual health and ophthalmology community that proteomics offers a veritable prospect to obtain a systems scale, functional, and dynamic picture of the eye tissue in health and disease. This knowledge is ultimately pertinent for precision medicine diagnostics and therapeutics innovation to address the pressing needs of the 21st century visual health.

  20. Comparison of the growth kinetics of In{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} and their suboxide desorption during plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, Patrick, E-mail: vogt@pdi-berlin.de; Bierwagen, Oliver, E-mail: bierwagen@pdi-berlin.de [Paul-Drude-Institut für Festkörperelektronik, Hausvogteiplatz 5–7, D-10117 Berlin (Germany)

    2016-08-08

    We present a comprehensive study of the In{sub 2}O{sub 3} growth kinetics during plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy and compare it to that of the related oxide Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} [P. Vogt and O. Bierwagen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 072101 (2016)]. The growth rate and desorbing fluxes were measured during growth in-situ by a laser reflectometry set-up and line-of-sight quadrupole mass spectrometer, respectively. We extracted the In incorporation as a function of the provided In flux, different growth temperatures T{sub G}, and In-to-O flux ratios r. The data are discussed in terms of the competing formation of In{sub 2}O{sub 3} and desorption of the suboxide In{sub 2}O and O. The same three growth regimes as in the case of Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} can be distinguished: (i) In-transport limited, O-rich (ii) In{sub 2}O-desorption limited, O-rich, and (iii) O-transport limited, In-rich. In regime (iii), In droplets are formed on the growth surface at low T{sub G}. The growth kinetics follows qualitatively that of Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} in agreement with their common oxide and suboxide stoichiometry. The quantitative differences are mainly rationalized by the difference in In{sub 2}O and Ga{sub 2}O desorption rates and vapor pressures. For the In{sub 2}O, Ga{sub 2}O, and O desorption, we extracted the activation energies and frequency factors by means of Arrhenius-plots.

  1. FOREWORD: Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Theory meets Industry (Erwin-Schrödinger-Institute (ESI), Vienna, Austria, 12 14 June 2007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafner, Jürgen

    2008-02-01

    their application to key areas of condensed matter physics. Researchers from industry mainly focused on challenges arising from applied industrial research; contributions describing successful applications of DFT techniques to industrial problems were more scarce. Progress during the last decade has been very fast. The ESF research program has been renewed under the much bolder title 'Towards Computational Materials Design' and is now approaching the end of this second funding period. Due to the development of accurate, efficient and stable software packages for ab initio simulations, DFT-based techniques are now routinely used in many industrial laboratories worldwide. It was therefore considered timely to organize a second 'Theory meets Industry' workshop. The meeting took place between 12-14 June 2007 at the Erwin-Schrödinger-Institute (ESI) for Mathematical Physics in Vienna (Austria). It was sponsored by the Universität Wien through the VASP (Vienna Ab-initio Simulation Program) project, the Center for Computational Materials Science Vienna, the Erwin-Schrödinger-Institute and the ESF Program 'Towards Computational Materials Design'. The program of the workshop was decided by an international advisory board consisting of Ryoji Asahi (Toyota Central Research and Development Laboratory), Risto Nieminen (Helsinki University of Technology), Herve Toulhoat (Institut Français du Pétrole), Erich Wimmer (Materials Design Inc.), Chris Wolverton (Ford Motor Co. and Northwestern University) and Jürgen Hafner (Universität Wien). The 35 invited talks presented at the meeting were divided equally between researchers from academia and from industry. The contributions from academia concentrated on a wide range of new developments in DFT and post-DFT simulations (with contributions from the developers of leading software packages for ab initio simulations), as well as on applications in front-line materials research. In contrast to the first workshop nine years ago, all

  2. Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Theory meets Industry (Erwin-Schrödinger-Institute (ESI), Vienna, Austria, 12-14 June 2007).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafner, Jürgen

    2008-02-13

    and their application to key areas of condensed matter physics. Researchers from industry mainly focused on challenges arising from applied industrial research; contributions describing successful applications of DFT techniques to industrial problems were more scarce. Progress during the last decade has been very fast. The ESF research program has been renewed under the much bolder title 'Towards Computational Materials Design' and is now approaching the end of this second funding period. Due to the development of accurate, efficient and stable software packages for ab initio simulations, DFT-based techniques are now routinely used in many industrial laboratories worldwide. It was therefore considered timely to organize a second 'Theory meets Industry' workshop. The meeting took place between 12-14 June 2007 at the Erwin-Schrödinger-Institute (ESI) for Mathematical Physics in Vienna (Austria). It was sponsored by the Universität Wien through the VASP (Vienna Ab-initio Simulation Program) project, the Center for Computational Materials Science Vienna, the Erwin-Schrödinger-Institute and the ESF Program 'Towards Computational Materials Design'. The program of the workshop was decided by an international advisory board consisting of Ryoji Asahi (Toyota Central Research and Development Laboratory), Risto Nieminen (Helsinki University of Technology), Herve Toulhoat (Institut Français du Pétrole), Erich Wimmer (Materials Design Inc.), Chris Wolverton (Ford Motor Co. and Northwestern University) and Jürgen Hafner (Universität Wien). The 35 invited talks presented at the meeting were divided equally between researchers from academia and from industry. The contributions from academia concentrated on a wide range of new developments in DFT and post-DFT simulations (with contributions from the developers of leading software packages for ab initio simulations), as well as on applications in front-line materials research. In contrast to the first workshop nine years ago

  3. Injuries and illnesses in a cohort of elite youth alpine ski racers and the influence of biological maturity and relative age: a two-season prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Müller L

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Lisa Müller,1 Carolin Hildebrandt,1,2 Erich Müller,3 Renate Oberhoffer,2 Christian Raschner1 1Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; 2Department of Sport and Health Science, Preventative Pediatrics, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany; 3Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria Background: Studies on injuries and illnesses involving youth ski racers younger than 15 years are lacking in the literature. The aim of this study was prospectively to assess the incidence, prevalence, and severity of traumatic and overuse injuries, as well as illnesses of elite youth ski racers with regard to sex, biological maturity status, and relative age.Subjects and methods: A prospective, longitudinal cohort design was used to monitor the anthropometrics, training characteristics, traumatic and overuse injuries, and illnesses of 82 elite youth ski racers (51 males, 31 females, age 9–14 years over 2 consecutive years. The exact training exposure (skiing and athletic was recorded. Relative age and estimated biological maturity status were assessed.Results: Relatively low injury incidence or prevalence (traumatic, 0.86/1,000 hours of training; overuse, 0.28/1,000 hours and comparably high illness prevalence (2.4/athlete were reported. The knee was the most commonly affected body part (traumatic injuries 36.5%, overuse injuries 82%. A high number of bone fractures were revealed (46%, while no stress fractures occurred; 66% of the illnesses were respiratory tract infections. No differences were found between males and females, the differing maturity groups, or relative age quartiles. Early-maturing athletes had comparably low traumatic and overuse-injury rates. Relatively younger athletes had low traumatic injury rates.Conclusion: The injury-prevention measures implemented in the training process of youth ski racers seem to contribute to a low incidence of injury. Biological

  4. IMPACT EFECTS OF TWO LANGUAGES: PLASTIC (SCULPTURAL AND CINEMATOGRAPHIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OLĂRESCU DUMITRU

    2016-12-01

    musical score (the organ: the vibrancies of Studiul Artelor şi Culturologie: istorie, teorie, practică 2016, nr. 2 (29 139 Cosmic space pass the telluric space directing us towards something divine, towards the sublime. In the fi lms of such fi lmmakers as Erich Nussbaum, Paul Constantinescu, Cornel Mihalache, Laurentiu Damian the works of Brancusi are remarkable like an audio-visual symphony where every voice has its song, but everything is intertwined in an organic unity, obtaining new artistic virtues.

  5. Fuel cells science and engineering. Materials, processes, systems and technology. Vol. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stolten, Detlef; Emonts, Bernd (eds.) [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (DE). Inst. fuer Energieforschung (IEF), Brennstoffzellen (IEF-3)

    2012-07-01

    The first volume is divided in four parts and 22 chapters. It is structured as follows: PART I: Technology. Chapter 1: Technical Advancement of Fuel-Cell Research and Development (Dr. Bernd Emonts, Ludger Blum, Thomas Grube, Werner Lehnert, Juergen Mergel, Martin Mueller and Ralf Peters); 2: Single-Chamber Fuel Cells (Teko W. Napporn and Melanie Kuhn); 3: Technology and Applications of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (Barbara Bosio, Elisabetta Arato and Paolo Greppi); 4: Alkaline Fuel Cells (Erich Guelzow); 5: Micro Fuel Cells (Ulf Groos and Dietmar Gerteisen); 6: Principles and Technology of Microbial Fuel Cells (Jan B. A. Arends, Joachim Desloover, Sebastia Puig and Willy Verstraete); 7: Micro-Reactors for Fuel Processing (Gunther Kolb); 8: Regenerative Fuel Cells (Martin Mueller). PART II: Materials and Production Processes. Chapter 9: Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Development between 1995 and 2010 at Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, Germany (Vincent Haanappel); 10: Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrode Fabrication by Infiltration (Evren Gunen); 11: Sealing Technology for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (K. Scott Weil); 12: Phosphoric Acid, an Electrolyte for Fuel Cells - Temperature and Composition Dependence of Vapor Pressure and Proton Conductivity (Carsten Korte); 13: Materials and Coatings for Metallic Bipolar Plates in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (Heli Wang and John A. Turner); 14: Nanostructured Materials for Fuel Cells (John F. Elter); 15: Catalysis in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells - An Overview (Sabine Schimpf and Michael Bron). PART III: Analytics and Diagnostics. Chapter 16: Impedance Spectroscopy for High-Temperature Fuel Cells (Ellen Ivers-Tiffee, Andre Leonide, Helge Schichlein, Volker Sonn and Andre Weber); 17: Post-Test Characterization of Solid Oxide Fuel-Cell Stacks (Norbert H. Menzler and Peter Batfalsky); 18: In Situ Imaging at Large-Scale Facilities (Christian Toetzke, Ingo Manke and Werner Lehnert); 19: Analytics of Physical Properties of Low

  6. Decision in the pedagogical professional practice and the abduction’s function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Blezza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this short contribution is to present a summary of the decision problem within the profession of the pedagogist, and the fundamental role of the abduction  (’απαγωγή, retroduction process in its proper context, in professional practice of the pedagogist, as in all professional practice involving the social and professional pedagogy. Pedagogy is a field for reflection, application and commitment or engagement to education. Moreover, pedagogy is establishing itself as a profession, the profession of the pedagogist (not of the educator, who is a different figure, in the socio-health, intellectual, cultural and aid profession field, even in spite of heavy delays and failures of the Italian laws and the resistance of professional groups related but already recognized both by law and by society. The so-called “pedagogical interlocution” is a paradigmatic form of the professional pedagogical practice. Decision in professional pedagogy, properly speaking, must be reached by the interlocutor(s, who must debate and develop it, with the aid of the professional pedagogist. Abduction is not a valid syllogism: it concerns a possible example of a general case or of a rule, whose the actual pertinence to this general case or this rule is mediated by the professional or expert assumptions. The professional approach of the pedagogist, from methodological point of view, is casuistic (case based and situational as a form of aid given to the person, alternative and other than to the statistical-operational methodology that addresses rather to populations composed of individuals. Cases of general interest in professional pedagogy can be labeled as “casuistries” or “case study” categories. A good collection of casuistries - case study categories is provided by Erich Fromm, concerning the problems of family education; and by Viktor E. Frankl in his search for sense, Lebenssinn or λόγος. A further range of examples of categories

  7. The Endless Reading of Interpretation? Said, Auerbach, and the Exilic Will to Criticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilan Siassi

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I consider how Edward Said elaborates his concept of exile—as both a physical displacement and as a hermeneutical situation or mode of critical activity—in a transhistorical dialogue with Erich Auerbach. In his efforts to delineate the interrelation between cultural discourses and historical ‘regimes of knowledge,’ Said shows intellectual exile (which gives rise to secular criticism to be the preliminary step in a concrete act of cultural recuperation: namely the re-appropriation and mobilization of texts, through an exilic will to interpretation and synthesis. Through a close examination of Auerbach’s ‘Philology and Weltliteratur’ and Said’s ‘Secular Criticism’ I compare the writers’ consciousness of their worldly socio-political situations, their humanistic goals, and their readings of cultural history—which they evaluate in the form of literary representations and interpretations of reality. Said locates agency in the exile’s liminal situation, his ‘unhomely’ un-belonging, which affords him a unique perspective and a certain mobility of critical thought. He believes that Auerbach, in his cultural alienation as a Jew exiled to Istanbul during World War II, adopted such a threshold position and could thus exercise precisely this exilic will to criticism as he wrote his magisterial Mimesis. Through a ‘worldly self-situating’ between inside and outside and a refusal of all binding filiations or affiliations that would limit his ability to move freely between the two spaces, the secular critic following the model of Auerbach, can mediate contrapuntally between dominant and minority culture, challenge authority, and indeed, redistribute cultural capital to produce ‘non-coercive knowledge in the interests of human freedom.’ Exilic readings thus become a tool and weapon of resistance, which simultaneously enable a critical recovery of one’s lost world and a reconstitution of the cultural mythos of

  8. Entrevista com Axel Honneth - "As relações de trabalho no mundo atual"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Cristine Bevian

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-1384.2016v13n2p165 O Instituto de Pesquisas Sociais (Institut für Sozialforschung foi fundado em 1923, como um anexo da Universidade de Frankfurt, hoje intitulada Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main. A Escola de Frankfurt, desde 1930, foi dirigida por Max Horkheimer, e reunia pensadores como Theodor W. Adorno, Erich Fromm, Herbert Marcuse, e, contou também como membro do "círculo de fora" do Instituto, Walter Benjamin. Estes intelectuais formularam, como sabemos, o que conhecemos como "Teoria Crítica". Nos anos sessenta, temos a "segunda geração", marcado pela obra de Jürgen Habermas. Aquele que foi seu assistente entre 1984 e 1990, Axel Honneth, veio a ser o Diretor do Instituto frankfurtiano desde 2001. Com ele inaugura-se a "terceira geração" da Escola, cuja proposta consiste em relançar a "Teoria Crítica", sobretudo a partir do livro Kampf um Anerkennung. Zur moralischen Grammatik sozialer Konflikte, de 1992 (publicado no Brasil como Luta por reconhecimento - A Gramática Moral dos Conflitos Sociais. Trad. Luiz Repa. São Paulo: Ed. 34, 2003, tendo como ponto de partida a Fenomenologia do Espírito de Hegel. Honneth centra sua reflexão na "teoria do reconhecimento" e, através dela, são apresentados os limites da obra das gerações de frankfurtianos anteriores.  A falta de reconhecimento passa a ser vista como base dos conflitos interpessoais, sociais e políticos na atualidade. Mais recentemente, Honneth publicou Das Recht der Freiheit (Berlin, Suhrkamp, 2011 - O direito à liberdade e Die Idee des Sozialismus (Berlin, Suhrkamp, 2015 - A ideia do socialismo, sustentando que o socialismo está vivo como ideia, e tem como cerne a liberdade social. Foi em 2014, no Instituto de Pesquisas Sociais de Frankfurt, que aconteceu o encontro e a entrevista com o Diretor do Instituto, Axel Honneth. O foco da breve entrevista, aqui apresentada no original alemão e em tradução portuguesa.

  9. Identification, characterization and metagenome analysis of oocyte-specific genes organized in clusters in the mouse genome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaiman Daniel

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Genes specifically expressed in the oocyte play key roles in oogenesis, ovarian folliculogenesis, fertilization and/or early embryonic development. In an attempt to identify novel oocyte-specific genes in the mouse, we have used an in silico subtraction methodology, and we have focused our attention on genes that are organized in genomic clusters. Results In the present work, five clusters have been studied: a cluster of thirteen genes characterized by an F-box domain localized on chromosome 9, a cluster of six genes related to T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma protein 1 (Tcl1 on chromosome 12, a cluster composed of a SPErm-associated glutamate (E-Rich (Speer protein expressed in the oocyte in the vicinity of four unknown genes specifically expressed in the testis on chromosome 14, a cluster composed of the oocyte secreted protein-1 (Oosp-1 gene and two Oosp-related genes on chromosome 19, all three being characterized by a partial N-terminal zona pellucida-like domain, and another small cluster of two genes on chromosome 19 as well, composed of a TWIK-Related spinal cord K+ channel encoding-gene, and an unknown gene predicted in silico to be testis-specific. The specificity of expression was confirmed by RT-PCR and in situ hybridization for eight and five of them, respectively. Finally, we showed by comparing all of the isolated and clustered oocyte-specific genes identified so far in the mouse genome, that the oocyte-specific clusters are significantly closer to telomeres than isolated oocyte-specific genes are. Conclusion We have studied five clusters of genes specifically expressed in female, some of them being also expressed in male germ-cells. Moreover, contrarily to non-clustered oocyte-specific genes, those that are organized in clusters tend to map near chromosome ends, suggesting that this specific near-telomere position of oocyte-clusters in rodents could constitute an evolutionary advantage. Understanding the biological

  10. WE-AB-BRA-07: Operating Room Quality Assurance (ORQA) for Spine Surgery Using Known-Component 3D-2D Image Registration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uneri, A; De Silva, T; Goerres, J; Jacobson, M; Ketcha, M; Reaungamornrat, S; Siewerdsen, J [Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (United States); Kleinszig, G [Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Bayern (Germany); Vogt, S [Siemens Healthcare, Malvern, PA (United States); Khanna, A [Johns Hopkins Health Care and Surgery Center, Bethesda, MD (United States); Wolinsky, J [The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    2016-06-15

    offers a near-real-time independent check on the quality of surgical product, facilitating immediate revision if necessary and potentially avoiding postoperative morbidity and/or revision surgery. Gerhard Kleinszig and Sebastian Vogt are employees of Siemens Healthcare.

  11. History of the treatment of scapula fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartonícek, Jan; Cronier, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    The history of treatment of scapula fractures is closely connected with the history of the French surgery. Paré (Les œuvres d´Ambroise Paré, conseiller, et premier chirurgien du Roy, Gabriel Buon, Paris, p VCV, 1579), Petit (Traité des maladies des os. Tome second, Charles-Etienne Hochereau, Paris, pp 122–138, 1723), Du Verney (Traité des maladies des os. Tome I, de Burre, Paris, pp 220–231, 1751) and Desault (Œuvres chirurgicales, ou tableau de la doctrine et de la pratique dans le traitement des maladies externes par Xav. Bichat, Desault, Méquignon, Devilliers, Deroi, Paris, pp 98–106, 1798) were the first to point out the existence of these fractures. The first drawing of a scapula fracture was presented by Vogt (Dissertatio de ambarum scapularum dextroeque simul claviculae fractura rara, Dissertatione Universitae Vitembergensi, Wittenberg, 1799). This author was also the first to describe the scapula fracture associated with ipsilateral fracture of the clavicle. The first radiograph of scapula fracture (glenoid fossa fracture) was published by Struthers (Edinburgh Med J 4(3):147–149, 1910). The first internal fixation of scapula fracture using plate was done by Lambotte (1910) who was followed by Lane (The operative treatment of fractures, Medical Publishing Co, London, pp 99–101, 1914) and later by Lenormant (Sur l´ostéosynthèse dans certains fractures de l´omoplate Bulletins et mémoires de la Société de chirgie de Paris, pp 1501–1502, 1923), Dujarier (Fracture du col chirgical de l´omoplate. Ostéosynthèse par plaque en T. Bonne réduction. Bulletin et mémoires de la Société de chirurgie de Paris, pp 1492–1493, 1923) and Basset (Ostéosynthèse d´une fracture de l´omoplate. Bulletin et mémoires de la Société nationale de chirurgie. p 193, 1924). Dupont and Evrard (J Chir (Paris) 39:528–534, 1932) presented the first detailed description of the surgical approach along the lateral border of the scapula including two

  12. WE-AB-BRA-01: 3D-2D Image Registration for Target Localization in Spine Surgery: Comparison of Similarity Metrics Against Robustness to Content Mismatch

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Silva, T; Ketcha, M; Siewerdsen, J H; Uneri, A; Reaungamornrat, S; Vogt, S; Kleinszig, G; Lo, S F; Wolinsky, J P; Gokaslan, Z L; Aygun, N

    2015-01-01

    registration capability could offer valuable assistance in target localization without disruption of clinical workflow. G. Kleinszig and S. Vogt are employees of Siemens Healthcare

  13. High spatial and spectral resolution measurements of Jupiter's auroral regions using Gemini-North-TEXES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, J. A.; Orton, G. S.; Greathouse, T. K.; Lacy, J.; Giles, R.; Fletcher, L. N.; Vogt, M.; Irwin, P. G.

    2017-12-01

    IRTF-SpeX and Juno-JIRAM/UVS to assess the extent of coupling between the stratosphere and ionosphere. In addition, a magnetospheric mapping tool (Vogt et al. 2011, doi:10.1029/2010JA016148) will be used to determine whether small-scale features are likely linked to the solar wind or the magnetosphere.

  14. The Interstellar Conspiracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Les; Matloff, Gregory L.

    2005-01-01

    If we were designing a human-carrying starship that could be launched in the not-too-distant future, it would almost certainly not use a warp drive to instantaneously bounce around the universe, as is done in Isaac Asimov's classic Foundation series or in episodes of Star Trek or Star Wars. Sadly, those starships that seem to be within technological reach could not even travel at high relativistic speeds, as does the interstellar ramjet in Poul Anderson's Tau Zero. Warp-speeds seem to be well outside the realm of currently understood physical law; proton-fusing ramjets may never be technologically feasible. Perhaps fortunately in our terrorist-plagued world, the economics of antimatter may never be attractive for large-scale starship propulsion. But interstellar travel will be possible within a few centuries, although it will certainly not be as fast as we might prefer. If humans learn how to hibernate, perhaps we will sleep our way to the stars, as do the crew in A. E. van Vogt's Far Centaurus. However, as discussed in a landmark paper in The Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, the most feasible approach to transporting a small human population to the planets (if any) of Alpha Centauri is the worldship. Such craft have often been featured in science fiction. See for example Arthur C. Clarke's Rendezvous with Rama, and Robert A. Heinlein's Orphans of the Sky. Worldships are essentially mobile versions of the O Neill free-space habitats. Constructed mostly from lunar and/or asteroidal materials, these solar-powered, multi-kilometer-dimension structures could house 10,000 to 100,000 humans in Earth-approximating environments. Artificial gravity would be provided by habitat rotation, and cosmic ray shielding would be provided by passive methods, such as habitat atmosphere and mass shielding, or magnetic fields. A late 21st century space-habitat venture might support itself economically by constructing large solar-powered satellites to beam energy back to

  15. Drought vulnerability assesssment and mapping in Morocco

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imani, Yasmina; Lahlou, Ouiam; Bennasser Alaoui, Si; Naumann, Gustavo; Barbosa, Paulo; Vogt, Juergen

    2014-05-01

    Drought vulnerability assessment and mapping in Morocco Authors: Yasmina Imani 1, Ouiam Lahlou 1, Si Bennasser Alaoui 1 Paulo Barbosa 2, Jurgen Vogt 2, Gustavo Naumann 2 1: Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II (IAV Hassan II), Rabat Morocco. 2: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES), Ispra, Italy. In Morocco, nearly 50% of the population lives in rural areas. They are mostly small subsistent farmers whose production depends almost entirely on rainfall. They are therefore very sensitive to drought episodes that may dramatically affect their incomes. Although, as a consequence of the increasing frequency, length and severity of drought episodes in the late 90's, the Moroccan government decided, to move on from a crisis to a risk management approach, drought management remains in practice mainly reactive and often ineffective. The lack of effectiveness of public policy is in part a consequence of the poor understanding of drought vulnerability at the rural community level, which prevents the development of efficient mitigation actions and adaptation strategies, tailored to the needs and specificities of each rural community. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess and map drought vulnerability at the rural commune level in the Oum Er-Rbia basin which is a very heterogeneous basin, showing a big variability of climates, landscapes, cropping systems and social habits. Agricultural data collected from the provincial and local administrations of Agriculture and socio-economic data from the National Department of Statistics were used to compute a composite vulnerability index (DVI) integrating four different components: (i) the renewable natural capacity, (ii) the economic capacity, (iii) human and civic resources, and (iv) infrastructure and technology. The drought vulnerability maps that were derived from the computation of the DVI shows that except very specific areas, most of the Oum er Rbia

  16. WE-AB-BRA-09: Registration of Preoperative MRI to Intraoperative Radiographs for Automatic Vertebral Target Localization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Silva, T; Uneri, A; Ketcha, M; Reaungamornrat, S; Goerres, J [Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (United States); Vogt, S; Kleinszig, G [Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen (Germany); Wolinsky, J [The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Siewerdsen, JH

    2016-06-15

    preoperative MRI. With initial studies demonstrating PDE <5 mm and 0% failure rate, the method is now in translation to larger scale prospective clinical studies. S. Vogt and G. Kleinszig are employees of Siemens Healthcare.

  17. WE-AB-BRA-01: 3D-2D Image Registration for Target Localization in Spine Surgery: Comparison of Similarity Metrics Against Robustness to Content Mismatch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Silva, T; Ketcha, M; Siewerdsen, J H [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (United States); Uneri, A; Reaungamornrat, S [Department of Computer Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (United States); Vogt, S; Kleinszig, G [Siemens Healthcare XP Division, Erlangen, DE (Germany); Lo, S F; Wolinsky, J P; Gokaslan, Z L [Department of Neurosurgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Aygun, N [Department of Raiology and Radiological Sciences, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    2015-06-15

    registration capability could offer valuable assistance in target localization without disruption of clinical workflow. G. Kleinszig and S. Vogt are employees of Siemens Healthcare.

  18. Hartree-Fock theory for the equilibrium shape of light nuclei; Theorie Hartree-Fock de la forme d'equilibre des noyaux legers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ripka, G [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 91 - Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-09-01

    Most of the content of this thesis is published in english in Advances In Nuclear Physics, Vol. 1 (Editors: Baranger and Vogt - Plenum Press). The Hartree- Fock equations are derived. The expansions of the orbits and the possible symmetries of the Hartree-Fock field are discussed. Wavefunctions of even-even N = Z nuclei are given for 12 {<=} A {<=} 40. The role of the monopole, quadrupole and exchange components of the force are discussed. The multiplicity of the solutions and the effect of the spin-orbit interaction are discussed. Exact angular momentum projection is used to generate rotational bands. The validity of the adiabatic rotational model in light nuclei is discussed. Hartree-Fock calculations are extended to include major-shell mixing in order to obtain quadrupole deformations without the use of effective charge. The incompressibility, of nuclei is discussed and the compatibility between the Hartree-Fock solutions, the Mottelson model of quadrupole deformations and the SU3 states of J.P. Elliott and M. Moshinsky is established. (author) [French] La theorie de Hartree-Fock est appliquee au calcul des fonctions d'onde des noyaux legers deformes. Les equations de Hartree-Fock, les symetries permises et le choix du developpement des orbites sont discutes. Les fonctions d'onde des noyaux pair-pairs N = Z (12 {<=} A {<=} 40) sont tabulees. Les contributions des composantes monopolaires et quadrupolaires ainsi que des termes d'echange de la force nucleon-nucleon sont discutees. La methode de projection de moment cinetique est utilisee pour engendrer les bandes de rotation. La validite du modele rotationnel adiabatique est discutee. Les calculs de Hartree-Fock qui tiennent compte du melange de plusieurs couches majeures dans chaque orbite sont appliques au calcul des deformations quadrupolaires sans l'utilisation de charge effective. L'incompressibilite des noyaux et la compatibilite des fonctions d'onde de Hartree- Fock avec les fonctions d'onde SU3 de J

  19. Hartree-Fock theory for the equilibrium shape of light nuclei; Theorie Hartree-Fock de la forme d'equilibre des noyaux legers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ripka, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 91 - Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-09-01

    Most of the content of this thesis is published in english in Advances In Nuclear Physics, Vol. 1 (Editors: Baranger and Vogt - Plenum Press). The Hartree- Fock equations are derived. The expansions of the orbits and the possible symmetries of the Hartree-Fock field are discussed. Wavefunctions of even-even N = Z nuclei are given for 12 {<=} A {<=} 40. The role of the monopole, quadrupole and exchange components of the force are discussed. The multiplicity of the solutions and the effect of the spin-orbit interaction are discussed. Exact angular momentum projection is used to generate rotational bands. The validity of the adiabatic rotational model in light nuclei is discussed. Hartree-Fock calculations are extended to include major-shell mixing in order to obtain quadrupole deformations without the use of effective charge. The incompressibility, of nuclei is discussed and the compatibility between the Hartree-Fock solutions, the Mottelson model of quadrupole deformations and the SU3 states of J.P. Elliott and M. Moshinsky is established. (author) [French] La theorie de Hartree-Fock est appliquee au calcul des fonctions d'onde des noyaux legers deformes. Les equations de Hartree-Fock, les symetries permises et le choix du developpement des orbites sont discutes. Les fonctions d'onde des noyaux pair-pairs N = Z (12 {<=} A {<=} 40) sont tabulees. Les contributions des composantes monopolaires et quadrupolaires ainsi que des termes d'echange de la force nucleon-nucleon sont discutees. La methode de projection de moment cinetique est utilisee pour engendrer les bandes de rotation. La validite du modele rotationnel adiabatique est discutee. Les calculs de Hartree-Fock qui tiennent compte du melange de plusieurs couches majeures dans chaque orbite sont appliques au calcul des deformations quadrupolaires sans l'utilisation de charge effective. L'incompressibilite des noyaux et la compatibilite des fonctions d'onde de Hartree- Fock avec les

  20. WE-AB-BRA-07: Operating Room Quality Assurance (ORQA) for Spine Surgery Using Known-Component 3D-2D Image Registration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uneri, A; De Silva, T; Goerres, J; Jacobson, M; Ketcha, M; Reaungamornrat, S; Siewerdsen, J; Kleinszig, G; Vogt, S; Khanna, A; Wolinsky, J

    2016-01-01

    offers a near-real-time independent check on the quality of surgical product, facilitating immediate revision if necessary and potentially avoiding postoperative morbidity and/or revision surgery. Gerhard Kleinszig and Sebastian Vogt are employees of Siemens Healthcare.

  1. Efeitos da injeção subtenoniana posterior de corticóide em pacientes com uveíte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finamor Luciana Peixoto

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar os efeitos da injeção subtenoniana posterior de corticóide (ISPC sobre a pressão intra-ocular (Po e acuidade visual em uma série de pacientes com uveíte. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo de 18 pacientes que foram submetidos à injeção subtenoniana posterior de acetato de triancinolona (Kenalog® 40 mg - 9 pacientes, 14 injeções ou acetato de metilprednisolona (Depomedrol® 40mg - 9 pacientes, 15 injeções para tratamento de inflamação intra-ocular crônica e/ou edema macular cistóide. RESULTADOS: A acuidade visual final melhorou em 92% dos pacientes após a primeira injeção periocular de corticóide. Cinqüenta por cento melhoraram 1 linha e 42% melhoraram pelo menos 3 linhas, sendo que o tempo médio para a melhora foi de 3 semanas. Aumento da pressão intra-ocular ocorreu em 44 % dos pacientes (8 pacientes com média de 31 mmHg, variando de 21 a 38 mmHg. O aumento da pressão intra-ocular foi mais freqüente nos pacientes jovens e nos que receberam Kenalog®, com início, em média, após 2,5 semanas. CONCLUSÃO: Ainjeção subtenoniana de corticóide é uma forma de tratamento eficaz para a baixa acuidade visual secundária a alguns tipos de uveíte, como uveíte intermediária, doença de Behçet, síndrome de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada, vasculite retiniana e artrite reumatóide. Porém, pode induzir aumento da pressão intra-ocular em alguns pacientes, especialmente em crianças e jovens.

  2. Comparison of outcome in 1809 patients treated with drug-eluting stents or bare-metal stents in a real-world setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vogt A

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Vogt1, Anke Schoelmerich1, Franziska Pollner1, Manuela Schlitt1, Uwe Raaz1, Lars Maegdefessel2, Iris Reindl1, Michael Buerke1, Karl Werdan1, Axel Schlitt11Department of Medicine III, Martin Luther-University, Halle, Germany; 2Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USAPurpose: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term safety of drug-eluting stent (DES versus bare metal stent (BMS implantation in a “real-world” setting.Patients and methods: A total of 1809 patients who were treated with implantation of either BMS or DES were assessed. Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox regression analyses concerning primary endpoint of cardiac mortality were performed.Results: A total of 609 patients received DES. Mean age was 66.2 ± 11.3 years, 69.4% were male, and 1517 (83.8% were treated for acute coronary syndrome (unstable angina 510 [28.2%], non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI] 506 [28.0%], and ST-elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] 501 [27.7%]. Mean follow-up was 34 ± 15 months. During follow-up, 268 patients died of cardiac causes (DES 42 [7.3%]; BMS 226 [19.6%]; P < 0.001. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed an advantage of DES over BMS concerning the primary endpoint (P < 0.001. When adjusting for classic risk factors and additional factors that affect the progression of coronary heart disease (CHD, DES was not found to be superior to BMS (hazard ratio 0.996, 95% confidence interval 0.455–2.182, P = 0.993. Severely impaired renal function was an independent predictor for cardiac mortality after stent implantation.Conclusion: Treatment with DES is safe in the long term, also in patients presenting with STEMI. However, in multivariate analyses it is not superior to BMS treatment.Keywords: coronary stent, outcome, renal insufficiency, myocardial infarction, STEMI

  3. Comments on "Determination and Analysis of the Theoretical Production of a Bucket Wheel Excavator" / Uwagi I Komentarze Do Pracy: "Określanie I Analiza Teoretycznej Wydajności Pracy Koparki Wielonaczyniowej Kołowej"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bošnjak, Srđan M.

    2015-03-01

    This paper comments on the recently published work dealing with the problem in the determination of the theoretical output of the bucket wheel excavator. It also includes remarks on the inadequacy in the problem approach and highlights the mistakes in the mathematical model. This work emphasizes the demand for a much wider and deeper approach to the problem of determining the output of the bucket wheel excavator. Opublikowany niedawno artykuł autorstwa Che i Chena (2014) poświecony jest ważnej kwestii jaką jest określenie teoretycznej wydajności koparki kołowej wielonaczyniowej. W załączonym przeglądzie literatury Che i Chen (2014) nie umieścili pozycji odnoszących się do metod urabiania, parametrów pracy koparki oraz teoretycznej wydajności wydobycia i być może to właśnie jest przyczyną pewnych niedokładności powstałych w trakcie rozwiązywania problemu. Intencją autora obecnej publikacji było: • Odniesienie się do krytycyzmu wyrażonego przez Che i Chena (2014) dotyczącego procedury obliczania prędkości w ruchu łukowym podanej w cytowanej literaturze przedmiotu (Pajer i in., 1971; Vetrov, 1971; Rasper, 1975; Durst i Vogt, 1988); • Zbadanie różnic pomiędzy procedurą określania teoretycznej wydajności zaproponowaną w pracy Che i Chena (2014) a odpowiednimi rozwiązaniami podanymi w literaturze; • Określenie prawidłowości i stosowalności teorii zaprezentowanej w pracy Che i Chena (2014) poprzez porównanie wyników uzyskanych z wykorzystaniem ich teorii oraz teorii podanych w wymienionych pozycjach literatury. W rozdziale 2 pracy (Che i Chen 2014) zatytułowanym " Uprzednio stosowane metody określania teoretycznej wydajności pracy koparki kołowej wielonaczyniowej" autorzy nie podali głównych odniesień literaturowych z których zaczerpnięte zostały równania (1)-(6)**. Ponadto, nie podali charakterystyki modelu działania koparki, na podstawie którego wyprowadzone zostały rzeczone równania, co stanowi powa

  4. Magnetic particle imaging: current developments and future directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panagiotopoulos N

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos,1 Robert L Duschka,1 Mandy Ahlborg,2 Gael Bringout,2 Christina Debbeler,2 Matthias Graeser,2 Christian Kaethner,2 Kerstin Lüdtke-Buzug,2 Hanne Medimagh,2 Jan Stelzner,2 Thorsten M Buzug,2 Jörg Barkhausen,1 Florian M Vogt,1 Julian Haegele1 1Clinic for Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Lübeck, 2Institute of Medical Engineering, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany Abstract: Magnetic particle imaging (MPI is a novel imaging method that was first proposed by Gleich and Weizenecker in 2005. Applying static and dynamic magnetic fields, MPI exploits the unique characteristics of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs. The SPIONs’ response allows a three-dimensional visualization of their distribution in space with a superb contrast, a very high temporal and good spatial resolution. Essentially, it is the SPIONs’ superparamagnetic characteristics, the fact that they are magnetically saturable, and the harmonic composition of the SPIONs’ response that make MPI possible at all. As SPIONs are the essential element of MPI, the development of customized nanoparticles is pursued with the greatest effort by many groups. Their objective is the creation of a SPION or a conglomerate of particles that will feature a much higher MPI performance than nanoparticles currently available commercially. A particle’s MPI performance and suitability is characterized by parameters such as the strength of its MPI signal, its biocompatibility, or its pharmacokinetics. Some of the most important adjuster bolts to tune them are the particles’ iron core and hydrodynamic diameter, their anisotropy, the composition of the particles’ suspension, and their coating. As a three-dimensional, real-time imaging modality that is free of ionizing radiation, MPI appears ideally suited for applications such as vascular imaging and interventions as well as cellular and targeted imaging. A number

  5. Negatywna seksualność jako bierna postawa społeczna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Płonecka

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Negative sexuality as a passive social attitude  Negative sexuality is a sexuality that isn’t a part of feeling of identity and self-acceptance. It is burdened with feelings of shame, guilt and threat. In Polish society there is an atmosphere of negative sexuality. There is a lack of tolerance towards diversity and sexual freedom, understood as free expression of the self. It is a situation which threatens the psychological well-being. The deprecation and normativization of human sexuality is ensnarled in relations of power which petrify the social status quo. That leads to totalitarian management of our sexuality and maintenance of that status due to psychological mechanisms of submitting to totalitarian powers. To show these processes I refer to such thinkers as Michel Foucault, Erich Fromm, Theodor Adorno, Wilhelm Reich and Karen Horney. Such reality is also a result of social processes which shaped it. Influential here were the processes related to power and culture. Negative templates have been present in our culture for long time, a fact which I exemplify by analyzing Polish culture through the Polish cinema of the People’s Republic period. Today, passive social attitudes have resulted in continued cultivating of these negative social norms. I show alternatives to the atmosphere of negative sexuality, describing the movement for positive sexuality and its benefits for psychological health of individuals and society. While I throw doubt on the possibility of a popularization of queer theory in Poland, I also show some universal strategies of resistance against those exercising power over human sexuality. I describe the phenomenon of bioresistance and freeing physicality drawing on the example of works by Krzysztof Pacewicz about the theories of Michel Foucault and Giorgio Agamben. In more practical terms, I analyze the present condition of sexual education anti-discrimination movements in Poland. In my work I want to show that a

  6. Alguns dados sobre a leishmaniose visceral americana e doença de Chagas no Nordeste Brasileiro (Relatório de uma excursão realizada nos Estados do Ceará, Pernambuco e Baía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Pondé

    1942-01-01

    megistus (Burm. (65.5% infectados e um exemplar de Eutriatoma maculata (Erich.. Encontramos, tambem, em oco de pau, longe das habitações, um exemplar de P. megistus (Burm. infectado. Examinamos quatro animais domésticos (cães e gatos, tendo sido encontrado um cão portador de S. cruzi.In the regions we have worked in there had been found five patients of american visceral leishmaniasis before our researches, three in the State of Ceará and two in the State of Pernambuco. Eight other cases had been reported by viscerotomy in the State of Baía, district of jacobina. One case of Chagas' disease has been found in the State of Ceará. For the execution of our work we travelled through the States of Ceará, Pernambuco and Baía, in the very regions where the reported cases were found. At these places we made rapid epidemiological reports about those diseases. At the State of Ceará, zone of Cariri, we found two new cases of american visceral leismaniasis, the diagnosis of which was confirmed by the examination of the material of spleen punctures. Five cases of Chagas' disease shown by xenodiagnostic were found too. We collected flebotomus longipalpis Lutz & Neiva, F. villelai Mangabeira, F. limai fonseca and F. nordestinus Mangabeira and Panstrongylus megistus (Burm. with 13.5% infected. We had negative results in the examination of domestic (dogs and cats and wild animals. At the State of Pernambuco, district of Exú, we made inquiries about two cases of american visceral leishmaniasis previously refered and found no new cases. We collected, F. longipalpis Lutz & Neiva, Panstrongylus megistus (Burm. and Triatoma brasiliensis Neiva; none was infected. Among the domestic animals (3 dogs we found leishmaniae in liver and spleen of one of them. the results of the examination of 43 wild animals were negative. In the State of Baía, district of jacobina, we found along the cityline one case of american visceral leishmaniasis and in others regions of this district, three new

  7. PREFACE: International Symposium on (e,2e), Double Photoionization and Related Topics & 15th International Symposium on Polarization and Correlation in Electronic and Atomic Collisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Nicholas L. S.; deHarak, Bruno A.

    2010-01-01

    44 submitted posters covered recent advances in these topics. These proceedings present papers on 35 of the invited talks. The Local Organizers gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the University of Kentucky College of Arts and Sciences, and the University of Kentucky Department of Physics and Astronomy. We also thank Carol Cotrill, Eva Ellis, Diane Yates, Sarah Crowe, and John Nichols, of the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky for their invaluable assistance in the smooth running of the conferences; Oleksandr Korneta for taking the group photograph; and Emily Martin for helping accompanying persons. Nicholas L S Martin University of Kentucky Bruno A deHarak Illinois Wesleyan University International Scientific Organizing Committee Co-Chairs Don Madison (USA)Klaus Bartschat (USA) Members Lorenzo Avaldi (Italy)Nils Andersen (Denmark) Jamal Berakdar (Germany)Uwe Becker (Germany) Michael Brunger (Australia)Igor Bray (Australia) Greg Childers (USA)Nikolay Cherepkov (Russia) JingKang Deng (China)Albert Crowe (UK) Alexander Dorn (Germany)Danielle Dowek (France) Jim Feagin (USA)Oscar Fojon (Argentina) Nikolay Kabachnik (Russia)Tim Gay (USA) Anatoli Kheifets (Australia)Alexei Grum-Grzhimailo (Russia) George King (UK)Friedrich Hanne (Germany) Tom Kirchner (Germany)Alan Huetz (France) Azzedine Lahmam-Bennani (France)Morty Khakoo (USA) Julian Lower (Australia)Birgit Lohmann (Australia) William McCurdy (USA)Bill McConkey (Canada) Andrew Murray (UK)Rajesh Srivastava (India) Bernard Piraux (Belgium)Al Stauffer (Canada) Tim Reddish (Canada)Jim Williams (Australia) Roberto Rivarola (Argentina)Akira Yagishita (Japan) Michael Schulz (USA)Peter Zetner (Canada) Anthony Starace (USA)Joachim Ullrich (Germany) Giovanni Stefani (Italy)Erich Weigold (Australia) Masahiko Takahashi (Japan) Conference photograph

  8. The Mount Logan (Yukon) Ice Cores: Preliminary Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, D. A.

    2004-05-01

    Bourgeois, Mike Demuth, David Fisher, Roy Koerner,Chris Zdanowicz, James Zheng. University of Ottawa: Ian Clarke,Raphaelle Cardyn. National Institute of Polar Research (Japan): Kumiko Goto-Azuma University of New Hampshire: Cam Wake, Kaplan Yalcin. University of Maine: Karl Kreutz, Paul Mayewski, Erich Osterberg. Arctic Institute of North America: Gerald Holdsworth. University of Washington: Eric J. Steig, Summer B. Rupper. University of Copenhagen: Dorthe Dahl-Jensen. David Fisher is the presenter but many contributed to what is a joint preliminary offering.

  9. Sill intrusion driven fluid flow and vent formation in volcanic basins: Modeling rates of volatile release and paleoclimate effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, Karthik; Schmid, Daniel

    2016-04-01

    Evidence of mass extinction events in conjunction with climate change occur throughout the geological record and may be accompanied by pronounced negative carbon isotope excursions. The processes that trigger such globally destructive changes are still under considerable debate. These include mechanisms such as poisoning from trace metals released during large volcanic eruptions (Vogt, 1972), CO2 released from lava degassing during the formation of Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) (Courtillot and Renne, 2003) and CH4 release during the destabilization of sub-seafloor methane (Dickens et al., 1995), to name a few. Thermogenic methane derived from contact metamorphism associated with magma emplacement and cooling in sedimentary basins has been recently gaining considerable attention as a potential mechanism that may have triggered global climate events in the past (e.g. Svensen and Jamtveit, 2010). The discovery of hydrothermal vent complexes that are spatially associated with such basins also supports the discharge of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere (e.g. Jamtveit et al., 2004; Planke et al., 2005; Svensen et al., 2006). A previous study that investigated this process using a fluid flow model (Iyer et al., 2013) suggested that although hydrothermal plume formation resulting from sill emplacement may indeed release large quantities of methane at the surface, the rate at which this methane is released into the atmosphere is too slow to trigger, by itself, some of the negative δ13C excursions observed in the fossil record over short time scales observed in the fossil record. Here, we reinvestigate the rates of gas release during sill emplacement in a case study from the Harstad Basin off-shore Norway with a special emphasis on vent formation. The presented study is based on a seismic line that crosses multiple sill structures emplaced around 55 Ma within the Lower Cretaceous sediments. A single well-defined vent complex is interpreted above the termination of the

  10. Phanerozoic burial and exhumation history of southernmost Norway estimated from apatite fission-track analysis data and geological observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Japsen, Peter; Green, Paul F.; Bonow, Johan M.; Chalmers, James A.; Rasmussen, Erik S.

    2016-04-01

    fourth event that is not detected by the AFTA data. Fossen, Mangerud, Hesthammer, Bugge, Gabrielsen 1997: The Bjorøy Formation: a newly discovered occurrence of Jurassic sediments in the Bergen Arc System. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 77. Fredin, Zwingmann, Knies, Sørlie, Gandal, Lie, Müller, Vogt, 2014: Saprolites on- and offshore Norway: New constraints on formation processes and age. Nordic Geological Winter Meeting, Lund, Sweden. Japsen, Green, Bonow, Erlström 2015: Episodic burial and exhumation of the southern Baltic Shield: Epeirogenic uplifts during and after break-up of Pangea. Gondwana Research, in press. Lidmar-Bergström, Bonow, Japsen 2013: Stratigraphic landscape analysis and geomorphological paradigms: Scandinavia as an example of Phanerozoic uplift and subsidence. Global and Planetary Change 100. Rohrman, van der Beek, Andriessen, Cloetingh 1995: Meso-Cenozoic morphotectonic evolution of southern Norway: Neogene domal uplift inferred from apatite fission track thermochronology. Tectonics 14.

  11. Arctic sea-ice melting: Effects on hydroclimatic variability and on UV-induced carbon cycling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulzberger, Barbara

    2016-04-01

    change on biogeochemical cycling: interactions and feedbacks, Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 14(1), 127-148. Francis, J. A., S. J. Vavrus (2012), Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, doi: 10.1029/2012GL051000. Haaland, S., D. Hongve, H. Laudon, G. Riise, R. D. Vogt (2010), Quantifying the drivers of the increasing colored organic matter in boreal surface waters, Environmental Science & Technology, 44(8), 2975-2980. IPCC Climate Change 2013 - The Physical Science Bases (2013). Schubert, S., H. Wang, M. Suarez (2011), Warm season subseasonal variability and climate extremes in the Northern Hemisphere: The role of stationary Rossby waves, Journal of Climate, 24(18), 4773-4792. Screen, J. A. (2013), Influence of Arctic sea ice on European summer precipitation, Environmental Research Letters, 8(4), doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/4/044015. Sulzberger, B., E. Durisch-Kaiser (2009), Chemical characterization of dissolved organic matter (DOM): A prerequisite for understanding UV-induced changes of DOM absorption properties and bioavailability, Aquatic Sciences, 71(2), 104-126.

  12. Retarded deglaciation of north-Spitsbergen fjords during the last glacial - an example of bathymetric controls on the dynamics of retreating glaciers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forwick, M.; Vorren, T. O.; Hass, H.; Vogt, C. M.

    2012-12-01

    North and west Spitsbergen fjords acted as pathways for fast-flowing ice streams during the last glacial (e.g. Ottesen et al., 2005). The deglaciation of west Spitsbergen fjords occurred stepwise and the ice retreat terminated around 11,200 cal. years BP (calendar years before the present; e.g. Forwick & Vorren, 2009, 2011, and references therein; Baeten et al., 2010). However, the deglaciation dynamics and chronology of north Spitsbergen fjords still remain poorly understood. We present swath-bathymetry, high-resolution seismic data and two sediment cores from the approx. 110 km long, N-S oriented Wijdefjorden-Austfjorden fjord system, the largest fjord system on northern Spitsbergen. The data indicate that - as in the fjords on west Spitsbergen - multiple halts and/or readvances interrupted the retreat of the ice front during the final phase of the last glacial. However, even though the study area and several west Spitsbergen fjords are fed by the same glacier source (the ice field Lomonosovfonna), the final deglaciation of Wijdefjorden-Austfjorden took place after 9300 cal. years BP, i.e. at least approx. 2000 years later than in the west. We assume that the retarded deglaciation in the north is mainly related to the fjord bathymetry, i.e. a more than 35 km wide and up to 60 m high area in the central parts of the study area (approx. 45 km beyond the present fjord head) that acted as pinning point for the grounded glacier. Multiple, relatively large and partly stacked moraine ridges and sediment wedges are suggested to reflected that the ice front retreated slowly across this shallow area and that repeated readvances interrupted this retreat. The absence of larger sediment wedges in the deeper parts between the shallow area and the fjord head may indicate that the final retreat occurred relatively rapid. References: Baeten, N.J., Forwick, M., Vogt, C. & Vorren, T.O., 2010. Late Weichselian and Holocene sedimentary environments and glacial activity in

  13. Monitoring biodegradation of hydrocarbons by stable isotope fractionation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorer, Conrad; Fischer, Anko; Herrmann, Steffi; Richnow, Hans-Hermann; Vogt, Carsten

    2010-05-01

    nitrate, sulfate or ferric iron as electron acceptor or using light as energy source [3,4,5]. Significantly different lambda values were also observed for the anaerobic degradation of xylenes initiated by the BSS [5]. The different lambda values obtained for the anaerobic degradation of toluene and xylenes might be caused by slightly different reaction mechanisms of BSS isoenzymes. In comparison, lambda and/or ɛbulk values for the methyl monohydroxylation of toluene with oxygen as co-substrate were significantly different for two tested strains each containing a different toluene attacking enzyme, indicating that specific enzymes for aerobic methyl group oxidation reactions can be detected by CSIA and 2D-CSIA. Our results show that the combined carbon and hydrogen isotope fractionation approach has great potential to elucidate biodegradation pathways of monoaromatic hydrocarbons in microcosm and field studies. Current work focus on (i) 2D-CSIA of aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in degradation experiments using whole cells, and (ii) 2D-CSIA of aromatic hydrocarbons in in vitro experiments using cell extracts. [1] Fischer et al. (2008) Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 4356-4363 [2] Mancini et al. (2008) Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 8290-8296 [3] Vogt et al. (2008) Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 7793-7800 [4] Tobler et al. (2008) Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 7786-7792 [5] Herrmann et al. (2009) Environ. Microbiol. Reports 1, 535-544

  14. Chemostratigraphy at DSDP Sites 386 (Bermuda Rise) and 144 (Demerara Rise), Implications for Euxinic Conditions During OAE-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horst, P. A.; Maurrasse, F. J.; Sinninghe-Damsté, J. S.; Sandler, A.

    2008-05-01

    ). Biomarker data indicate that during OAE 2 similar paleoceanographic conditions prevailed at both DSDP Sites, 144 on the Demerara Rise and 386 on the Bermuda Rise. A. Forster, H. Sturt, P.A. Meyers, et al., in preliminary shipboard results from Sites 1257 and 1258, Leg 207, J. Erbacher, D.C. Mosher, M.J. Malone, et al., Proc. ODP, Init.Repts.207,1-22 [Online]: http://wwwodp.tamu.edu/publications/207_IR/VOLUME/ CHAPTERS/IR207_10.PDF. [Cited 2006-02-09] M.M.M. Kuypers, et al., Paleoceanography, 17, 4, 1051-1063 (2002) B.R.T. Simoneit, in Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Vol. 43, Tucholke, B.E., Vogt, P.R., et al., 1979, Eds, Washington (U.S. Government Printing Office), pp. 643-650 (1979) B.R.T. Simoneit and D.H.Stuermer, in Cretaceous Oceans, S.O. Schlanger and M.B. Cita, Eds, Academic Press, New York, pp. 145-163 (1982)

  15. Design, physicochemical characterization, and optimization of organic solution advanced spray-dried inhalable dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC and dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine poly(ethylene glycol (DPPE-PEG microparticles and nanoparticles for targeted respiratory nanomedicine delivery as dry powder inhalation aerosols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meenach SA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Samantha A Meenach,1,2 Frederick G Vogt,3 Kimberly W Anderson,2,4 J Zach Hilt,2,4 Ronald C McGarry,5Heidi M Mansour1,41Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences-Drug Development Division, University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy, Lexington, KY; 2Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA; 3Analytical Sciences, Product Development, GlaxoSmithKline, King of Prussia, PA; 4Center of Membrane Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 5Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USAAbstract: Novel advanced spray-dried and co-spray-dried inhalable lung surfactant-mimic phospholipid and poly(ethylene glycol (PEGylated lipopolymers as microparticulate/nanoparticulate dry powders of biodegradable biocompatible lipopolymers were rationally formulated via an organic solution advanced spray-drying process in closed mode using various phospholipid formulations and rationally chosen spray-drying pump rates. Ratios of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC and dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine PEG (DPPE-PEG with varying PEG lengths were mixed in a dilute methanol solution. Scanning electron microscopy images showed the smooth, spherical particle morphology of the inhalable particles. The size of the particles was statistically analyzed using the scanning electron micrographs and SigmaScan® software and were determined to be 600 nm to 1.2 μm in diameter, which is optimal for deep-lung alveolar penetration. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD were performed to analyze solid-state transitions and long-range molecular order, respectively, and allowed for the confirmation of the presence of phospholipid bilayers in the solid state of the particles. The residual water content of the particles was very low, as quantified analytically via Karl Fischer titration. The composition of the particles was confirmed using attenuated

  16. Quantity and quality of black carbon molecular markers as obtained by two chromatographic methods (GC-FID and HPLC-DAD) - How do results compare?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, M. P. W.; Smittenberg, R. H.; Dittmar, T.; Schmidt, M. W. I.

    2009-04-01

    biomass is being used for this purpose. We seek to establish a conversion factor between both methods, if required. Results show that both the GC and the HPLC method can be used for organic samples containing some silica, such as grass char. Further tests include silica-rich materials, such as soils. Ongoing methodological work aims at carbon isotope analysis (13C and 14C) on individual BPCAs isolated via HPLC. At present the HPLC method employs tetrabutyl ammonium bromide (TBAB) as a modifier for the liquid phase. TBAB is not volatile and contains carbon, it therefore prevents carbon isotopic analysis on isolated BPCAs. References Brodowski, S., Rodionov, A., Haumeier, L., Glaser, B., Amelung, W. (2005) Revised black carbon assessment using benzene polycarboxylic acids. Organic Geochemistry, 36(9), 1299-1310. Dittmar, T. (2008) The molecular level determination of black carbon in marine dissolved organic matter. Organic Geochemistry, 39(4). 396-407. Glaser, B., Haumeier, L., Guggenberger, G., Zech, W. (1998) Black carbon in soils: the use of benzenecarboxylic acids as specific markers. Organic Geochemistry, 29(4), 811-819. Hammes, K. Smernik, R. J., Skjemstad, J. O., Herzog, A., Vogt, U. F., Schmidt, M. W. I. (2006) Synthesis and characterisation of laboratory-charred grass straw (Oryza saliva) and chestnut wood (Castanea sativa) as reference materials for black carbon quantification Organic Geochemistry 37(11). 1629-1633

  17. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Topological Aspects of Critical Systems and Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakubo, Kousuke; Amitsuka, Hiroshi; Ishikawa, Goo; Machino, Kazuo; Nakagaki, Toshiyuki; Tanda, Satoshi; Yamada, Hideto; Kichiji, Nozomi

    2007-07-01

    I. General properties of networks. Physics of network security / Y.-C. Lai, X. Wand and C. H. Lai. Multi-state interacting particle systems on scale-free networks / N. Masuda and N. Konno. Homotopy Reduction of Complex Networks 18 / Y. Hiraoka and T. Ichinomiya. Analysis of the Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible Model on Complex Network / T. Ichinomiya -- II. Complexity in social science. Innovation and Development in a Random Lattice / J. Lahtinen. Long-tailed distributions in biological systems: revisit to Lognormals / N. Kobayashi ... [et al.]. Two-class structure of income distribution in the USA:exponential bulk and power-law tail / V. M. Yakovenko and A. Christian Silva. Power Law distributions in two community currencies / N. Kichiji and M. Nishibe -- III. Patterns in biological objects. Stoichiometric network analysis of nonlinear phenomena in rection mechanism for TWC converters / M. Marek ... [et al.]. Collective movement and morphogenesis of epithelial cells / H. Haga and K. Kawabata. Indecisive behavior of amoeba crossing an environmental barrier / S. Takagi ... [et al.]. Effects of amount of food on path selection in the transport network of an amoeboid organism / T. Nakagaki ... [et al.]. Light scattering study in double network gels / M. Fukunaya ... [et al.].Blood flow velocity in the choroid in punctate inner choroidopathy and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease; amd multifractal analysis of choroidal blood flow in age-related macular degeneration / K. Yoshida ... [et al.]. Topological analysis of placental arteries: correlation with neonatal growth / H. Yamada and K. Yakubo -- IV. Criticality in pure and applied physics. Droplets in Disordered Metallic Quantum Critical Systems / A. H. Castro Neto and B. A. Jones. Importance of static disorder and inhomogeneous cooperative dynamics in heavy-fermion metals / O. O. Bernal. Competition between spin glass and Antiferromagnetic phases in heavy fermion materials / S. Sullow. Emergent Phases via Fermi surface

  18. Survey on Cosmogenic 26Al in Lewis Cliff Meteorites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welten, K. C.; Alderliesten, C.; Lindner, L.

    1992-07-01

    levels of 56 +- 7 and 60 +- 7 for H and L chondrites, respectively [3], range up to 800 ka with an average of about 290 ka. Altogether this may indicate that the Lewis Cliff blue-ice region is a relatively old meteorite stranding area. This is supported by preliminary conclusions based on ^36Cl, measured in 8 Lewis Cliff meteorites [4]. However, it is likely that some of our terrestrial ages have been overestimated due to (i) lower ^26Al saturation values for meteorites with preatmospheric radii less than 20 cm [3] and (ii) low exposure ages, resulting in initial ^26Al levels below 90-95% of the saturation level. These effects make individual terrestrial age determinations solely based on ^26Al content speculative as long as additional cosmogenic nuclide data are lacking. Dramatic changes in the overall picture are not expected, because (i) we have measured relatively large samples with an average recovered weight of about 500 g (one 11-kg sample excluded) and (ii) anomalously low exposure ages occur in about only 5% of the cases [5,6]. Possible correlations between terrestrial age and place of find will be discussed. UNUSUAL EXPOSURE HISTORIES: We excluded samples with extremely low NTL (financial support from the "Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek" (NWO). References: 1. Komura K. et al. (1982) Mem. NIPR Spec. Issue 25, 178-187; 2. Evans J.C. and Reeves J.H. (1987) EPSL 82, 223-230; 3. Vogt S. (1990) LPI Tech. Rpt. 90-05, 112-118; 4. Nishizumi K. et al. (1991) Meteoritics 26 (abs.), 380; 5. Graf Th. and Marti K. (1990) Lunar Planet. Sci. XXI, 431-432; 6. Schultz L., Weber H.W. and Begemann F. (1991) GCA 55, 59-66; 7. Benoit P.H. et al. (1990) Ant. J. of the U.S. 25 (Rev.), 47-49.

  19. Páginas iniciais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ficha catalográfica e sumário bilíngue

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available REDES, Santa Cruz do Sul, v. 18, nº 2, p. 1 - 273, maio/ago. 2013. ISSN: 1982-6745 Editores Virginia Elisabeta Etges Silvio Cezar Arend Sumário/Summary A EFETIVIDADE DA COLABORAÇÃO ENTRE ORGANIZAÇÕES DO ARRANJO PRODUTIVO LOCAL (APL: EXPERIÊNCIAS DOS PROCESSOS LOGÍSTICOS NAS INDÚSTRIAS DO VALE DA ELETRÔNICA DE MINAS GERAIS – BRASIL THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COLLABORATION INTER-COMPANIES: EXPERIENCES OF LOGISTIC PROCESSES IN THE INDUSTRIES OF THE ELECTRONIC VALLEY OF MINAS GERAIS – BRAZIL Ricardo Silveira Martins Osmar Vieira de Souza Filho IDENTIFICAÇÃO DE CLUSTERS INDUSTRIAIS: UMA APLICAÇÃO DE ÍNDICES DE ESPECIALIZAÇÃO E CONCENTRAÇÃO, E ALGUMAS CONSIDERAÇÕES IDENTIFICATION OF INDUSTRIAL CLUSTERS: AN APPLICATION OF INDICES OF SPECIALIZATION AND CONCENTRATION, AND SOME CONSIDERATIONS Autenir Carvalho de Rezende Bernardo Palhares Campolina Diniz CAPACIDADES LOCAIS: POR UMA NOVA ECONOMIA DOS TERRITÓRIOS PRODUTIVOS LOCAL CAPACITIES: FOCUSING ON A NEW ECONOMY FOR PRODUCTIVE TERRITORIES Giancarlo Corò Paolo Gurisatti ANÁLISE CRÍTICA DA INFLUÊNCIA DO CAPITALISMO TRANSNACIONAL SOBRE AS INSTITUIÇÕES E ORGANIZAÇÕES CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF TRANSNATIONAL CAPITALISM ON INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS José G. Vargas-Hernández REDES SOCIAIS E GOVERNANÇA DEMOCRÁTICA: O CASO DE UMA INSTITUIÇÃO FEDERAL DE ENSINO SUPERIOR DE MINAS GERAIS – BRASIL NETWORKS AND DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE: THE CASE OF A PUBLIC INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION OF MINAS GERAIS – BRAZIL Edimilson Eduardo da Silva Fábio Costa Lasmar José Roberto Pereira DE MATRIZ CONSERVADORA A UMA POSTURA PROGRESSISTA: CATOLICISMO SOCIAL NO RIO GRANDE DO SUL (RS - BRASIL FROM A CONSERVATIVE MATRIX TO A PROGRESSIVE ATTITUDE: SOCIAL CATHOLICISM IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL (RS - BRAZIL Olgário Paulo Vogt Roberto Radünz DO PREJUÍZO À TRANSGRESSÃO: O DISCURSO SOBRE O MOVIMENTO GREVISTA NA IMPRENSA INJURY TO THE TRANSGRESSION: THE DISCOURSE ON STRIKE IN THE PRESS

  20. ESTRUTURAS ESQUIZÓIDES E DIALOGISMO NAS FICÇÕES INTERÉTNICAS E INTER-GENRES Schizoid structure et le dialogue sur les plans ethnique et FICTION INTER-GENRES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SÉBASTIEN JOACHIM

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta comunicação, preparada para o XV Encontro da Associação Internacionalde Literatura Comparada, em Leiden, Holanda, tenta arrolar alguns dos recursosconceituais e identificar os centros mais proveitosos para um estudo ou umestágio em estudos interculturalistas. São indicados como saber de apoio: alingüística da enunciação, o dialogismo bakhtiniano, a psicossociologia, asociologia da interação, a psicanálise social. São identificados principalmentecentros de estudos franceses (Toulouse, Bordeaux etc.. Segue, para concluir,uma ilustração que envolve literatura canadense e literatura latino-americana.Cette communication, preparée pour la XV Rencontre de l´Associationinternationale de Littérature Comparée a Leiden (Hollande, essaie de reunir lesSIGNÓTICA: 10: 141-153, jan./dez. 1998 151NOTAS1. Acrescentaria aqui para o multilingüismo: G. Vermes et J. Boutet (Orgs..Multilingüismo. Campinas: Unicamp, 1989 e os nomes de escritorespoliculturais como Salman Rushdie, Moacyr Scliar, Samuel Rawet, MordecaiRichler, Edmond Jabès, Tahar Ben Jelloun, Michael Ontdaje, WladimirNabokov, Samuel Beckett, o crítico literário Edward Said. Eles são atravessadospor várias culturas, não importam se eles passam por brasileiros,franceses, argentinos,irlandeses, canadenses, americanos... São “globalistas”no bom sentido e precisam ser condignamente entendidos, numa abordagempluridisciplinar.2. Consultar também Carlos Vogt e Peter Fry. A África no Brasil. Campinas:Companhia das Letras, Unicamp, 1996, obra em que uma micro-comunidadedo Cafundó foi criteriosamente estudada como enclave cultural, ligado,contudo, a uma entidade mais ampla chamada Cultura Brasileira.3. 3.O Conseil International d’Études Canadiennes (CIEC dispõe na internetde catálogos de obras ligadas ao multiculturalismo e ao interculturalismo:http:/www.uottawa.ca/academic/erecf. Pode-se consultar também oprograma de auxílio às redes de pesquisa internacionais

  1. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Metcalf

    1990-10-01

    Full Text Available - M.A. van Bakel, R. Borofsky, Making history; Pukapukan and anthropological constructions of knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. 201 pp.; ill. - Andrew Beatty, J.A. Feldman et al., Nias, tribal treasures: Cosmic reflections in stone, wood and gold, Delft: Volkenkundig Museum Nusantara, 1990. - A.G. van Beek, Christian F. Feest, Technologie und ergologie in der Völkerkunde, Band 2, Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Ethnologische Paperbacks, 1989. xiv, 290 pp., Alfred Janata (eds. - N. Bootsma, Bernhard Dahm, José Rizal, Der nationalheld der Filipinos, Zürich: Munster-Schmidt Verlag Göttingen, 1988, 88 pp. - Aart G. Broek, John de Pool, Bolívar op / en Curaçoa: Historische novelle / leyende histórico [Inleiding door / introducción del L.W. Statius van Eps en / y E. Luckmann-Levy Maduro; vertaling uit het Spaans door L. Hoetink-Espinal], Zutphen: De Walburg Pers, 1988. - Martin van Bruinessen, Peter Kloos, Door het oog van de antropoloog: Botsende visies bij heronderzoek. Muiderberg: Dick Coutinho, 1988, 148 pp. - J.G. de Casparis, Charles Higham, The Archaeology of mainland Southeast Asia. From 10,000 B.C. to the fall of Angkor. Cambridge World Archaeology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. - H.J.M. Claessen, Luc de Heusch, Ecrits sur la royauté sacrée. Brussel, Institut de Sociologie: Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles. 1987. 314 pp. - H. Dagmar, Erich Kolig, The Noonkanbah Story, Dunedin: University of Otago Press, 1987. - Anke van Dijke, Linda Terpstra, Anil Ramdas, De strijd van de dansers; Biografische vertellingen uit Curaçao, Amsterdam: SUA, 1988. - B.F. Galjart, Hans-Dieter Evers, Strategische gruppen. Vergleichende studien zu staat, bürokratie und klassenbildung in der dritten welt. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 1988, 279 pp., Tilman Schiel (eds. - J. Hoffenaar, G. Teitler, Anatomie van de Indische defensie: Scenario’s, plannen, beleid 1892-1920. [Anatomy of the defence of the

  2. PREFACE: Selected contributions from the 3rd Theory Meets Industry International Workshop, TMI2009 (Nagoya, Japan, 11-13 November 2009) Selected contributions from the 3rd Theory Meets Industry International Workshop, TMI2009 (Nagoya, Japan, 11-13 November 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Isao; Hafner, Jürgen; Wimmer, Erich; Asahi, Ryoji

    2010-09-01

    . Lectures and poster presentations were thus solicited from leading international academic and industrial researchers. The large audience that attended responded to the high quality of the talks with pertinent questions and lively discussions. The third workshop, TMI2009, was held over three days from 11-13 November, 2009, at the Nagoya International Center, Nagoya, Japan. Invited talks were given by 23 speakers from 9 countries from both the academic and industry sectors. The speakers were Ryoji Asahi (Toyota Central R&D Labs, Japan), Tomas Bucko (University of Vienna, Austria), Gábor Csányi (University of Cambridge, UK), Alessandro De Vita (King's College London, UK), Bernard Delley (Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland), Christophe Domain (EDF, France), George Fitzgerald (Accelrys, USA), Takeo Fujiwara (University of Tokyo, Japan), Jürgen Hafner (University of Vienna, Austria), Masaya Ishida (Sumitomo Chemicals, Japan), Werner Janse Van Rensburg (Sasol Technology, South Africa), Masanori Kohyama (AIST, Japan), Takao Kotani (Tottori University, Japan), Georg Kresse (University of Vienna, Austria), Katsuyuki Matsunaga (Kyoto University, Japan), Stefan Müller (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany), Shin-ichiro Nakamura (Mitsubishi Chemicals, Japan), Fumiyasu Oba (Kyoto University, Japan), Tamio Oguchi (Hiroshima University, Japan), Pascal Raybaud (IFP, France), Isao Tanaka (Kyoto University/JFCC, Japan), Göran Wahnström (Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden), and Erich Wimmer (Materials Design Inc., USA). There were 40 poster presentations in total. The workshop was attended by approximately 120 participants with approximately 50 per cent from industry. The invited talks covered advances in ab initio solid-state calculations and their practical use in industry. Presentations outlining the progress made in treating large and complex systems, as well as more accurate and efficient calculation methods, were given from the theory side. Examples of the use of ab

  3. X-ray Spectromicroscopy Studies of Nanoparticles in the Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedlmair, J.; Gleber, S.-C.; Schirz, A.; Zanker, H.; Thieme, J.

    2009-04-01

    reference sample and its modifications, CNTs with carboxyl-groups, and CNTs with COOH-groups loaded with depleted uranium are clearly visible. The x-ray-microscopic images show that the expected curly-network structure expected for all samples is only observable in the case of the pristine CNTs (reference). With the additional binding of depleted uranium, the network structure has vanishes totally. Instead, the particulate character becomes the dominant form. In all three cases, the NEXAFS-spectra unambiguously revealed the binding forms C=C and, if present, C=O. The comparison of their spectra makes furthermore clear, how the changed environment of a bond influences its position on the energy scale. In addition to that, we recently studied the behavior of pristine and carboxylated CNTs in aqueous media and their interaction with soils. Comprising, the STXM is ideally suited for examinations like this, since it combines x-ray imaging techniques with NEXAFS-spectroscopy[3][4][6], and the samples can stay at ambient conditions throughout the whole experiment. Future experiments will concentrate on CNTs in combination with other materials to reveal further insights into the interaction of nano-particles with other substances, for instance soils and in building materials. Literature: [1] Gleber G, 2002, XRMX-Ray Microscopy: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference (Berkeley, CA 1999) [2] Jacobsen C, Flynn G, Wirick S, and Zimba C, 2000, J Microscopy, 197 (2), p 173-184 [3] Mitrea G, Thieme J, Guttmann P, Heim S, Gleber S-C, 2008, J Synchrotron Radiat., 15 (Pt 1), p 26-35 [4] Nováková E, Mitrea G, Peth C, Thieme J, Mann K, Salditt T, 2008, Biointerphases, 3 (2) [5] Stöhr J, 1992, NEXAFS Spectroscopy (Berlin: Springer Verlag) [6] Thieme J, McNulty I, Vogt S and Paterson D, 2007, Environ Sci & Technol., 41 (20), p 6885-6889

  4. Comparison of the Revenue Situation in Interventional Radiology Based on the Example of Peripheral Artery Disease in the Case of a DRG Payment System and Various Internal Treatment Charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Florian M; Hunold, Peter; Haegele, Julian; Stahlberg, Erik; Barkhausen, Jörg; Goltz, Jan Peter

    2018-04-01

    € 150 - 500 more than ITCs based on the DKG-NT catalog.  In this study positive contribution margins were seen only if IR receives the complete DRG amount. InEK shares do not cover incurred costs, with material costs representing the main part of treatment costs. Internal treatment charges based on the DKG-NT catalog provide the worst cost coverage.   · Internal treatment charges based on the DKG-NT catalog provide the worst cost coverage for interventional radiology at our university hospital.. · Shares from the InEK matrix such as the cost center "radiology" or "OP" as revenue for IR are not sufficient to cover incurred costs. A positive contribution margin is achieved only in the case of a compensation method in which IR receives the total DRG amount.. · Vogt FM, Hunold P, Haegele J et al. Comparison of the Revenue Situation in Interventional Radiology Based on the Example of Peripheral Artery Disease in the Case of a DRG Payment System and Various Internal Treatment Charges. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2017; 190: 348 - 357. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  5. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1999-01-01

    + 297 pp. -Roger D. Abrahams, Joseph Roach, Cities of the dead: Circum-Atlantic performance. New York NY: Columbia University Press, 1996. xiii + 328 pp. -George Mentore, Peter A. Roberts, From oral to literate culture: Colonial experience in the English West Indies. Kingston, Jamaica: The Press University of the West Indies, 1997. xii + 301 pp. -Emily A. Vogt, Howard Johnson ,The white minority in the Caribbean. Princeton NJ: Markus Wiener, 1998. xvi + 179 pp., Karl Watson (eds -Virginia Heyer Young, Sheryl L. Lutjens, The state, bureaucracy, and the Cuban schools: Power and participation. Boulder CO: Westview Press, 1996. xiii + 239 pp.

  6. Ocular Surface Reconstruction: Recent Innovations

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    Madhavan HN

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The ocular surface is exceptionally rich in complexity and functionality. Severe ocular surface disorders/conditions, such as chemical or thermal injuries, Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS, ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, neurotrophic keratopathy, chronic limbitis, and severe microbial keratitis cause significant morbidities and even corneal blindness. Hypofunction may be caused by Aniridia, Neurotrophy, Endocrine, Pterygium and Chronic limbitis Approximately 6000 patients are seen in Ocular Surface Clinic every year; almost 80% have some form of dry eyes. About 125 new patients of Stevens Johnson Syndrome are seen in a year of which approximately 25% may benefit from Cultured Epithelial Transplant and 75 new patients of thermal/chemical injury in a year of which almost 80% will benefit from Stem Cell Transplantation. Of the 128 severe vernal keratoconjunctivitis which were seen in the ocular surface clinic, 10% require stem cell transplantation. Nearly 30 new cases of Ocular cicatrical pemphigoid every year are seen and they may need stem cell transplantation. In addition, several patients with persistent epithelial defects may benefit from limbal stem cell transplantation to alleviate, maintain conjunctivalization regression and corneal avascularity limbal deficiency, and restore vision. Even if granted that this statistics is for a single large ophthalmic hospital, for a large country as India with 1.1 billion populations, the number of patients requiring corneal stem cell transplantation is enormous. Stem cells in the palisades of Vogt participate in regeneration and preservation of corneal transparency and avascularity. The diminished regenerative capacity seen in LSCD is characterized by persistent epithelial defects, erosion and ulceration, conjunctivalization and neovascularization, and chronic inflammation. Standard corneal transplantation for restoration of corneal clarity and avascularity is a contraindication in the surgical management

  7. Cosmogenic Radionuclides in Antarctic Meteorites: Preliminary Results on Terrestrial Ages and Temporal Phenomena

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michlovich, E.; Vogt, S.; Wolf, S. F.; Elmore, D.; Lipschutz, M. E.

    1993-07-01

    ] Schultz L. et al. (1991) GCA, 55, 59-66. [8] Vogt S. et al. (1990) Rev. Geophys., 28, 253-275. [9] Graf Th. et al. (1990) GCA, 54, 2521-2534. [10] Nishiizumi K. et al. (1989) EPSL, 93, 299-313. [11] Lingner D. W. et al. (1987) GCA, 51, 727-739.

  8. In-situ single particle composition analysis of free tropospheric ice nuclei and ice residues in mixed-phase clouds during INUIT-JFJ 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Susan; Schneider, Johannes; Thomas, Klimach; Stephan, Mertes; Ludwig, Schenk; Udo, Kästner; Frank, Stratmann; Joachim, Curtius; Piotr, Kupiszewski; Ernest, Weingartner; Emanuel, Hammer; Paul, Vochezer; Martin, Schnaiter; Stephan, Borrmann

    2014-05-01

    measurement time. The main part of the chemical compounds of these IPR were also organic material mixed with metals or with mineral compounds. We also found a smaller part of particles which consisted of pure mineral components (about 48 %). Lead was also found in the IPR measured behind Ice-CVI (~14 %) as well as in the background aerosol (~0.04 %). Black carbon particles were only found in the background aerosol. Because of the topography of the JFJ, air masses can reach the station only from the northwestern or southeastern direction (Hammer et al., 2013). Back trajectory calculations show that during our measurements the air masses were dominated mainly by long-distance transport from North America over Great Britain and France. This may explain the lower abundance of mineral dust in the ice residues compared to the previous studies. Brands, M., Kamphus, M., Böttger, T., Schneider, J., Drewnick, F., Roth, A., Curtius, J., Voigt, C., Borbon, A., Beekmann, M., Bourdon, A., Perrin, T. and Borrmann, S. (2011) Aerosol Sci. Technol., 45, 46-64. Cozic, J., Mertes, S., Verheggen, B., Cziczo, D. J., Gallavardin, S. J., Walter, S., Baltensperger, U. and Weingartner, E. (2008) J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 113, D15209. Cziczo, D. J., Stetzer. O., Worringen, A., Ebert, M., Weinbruch, S., Kamphus, M., Gallavardin, S. J., Curtius, J., Borrmann, S., Froyd, K. D., Mertes, S., Möhler, O., Lohmann, U. (2009) Nature Geoscience, 2, 333-336 Hammer, E., Bukowiecki, N., Gysel, M., Jurányi, Z., Hoyle, C. R., Vogt, R., Baltensperger, U. and Weingartner, E. (2013) Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 20419-20462 Kamphus, M., Ettner-Mahl, M., Klimach, T., Drewnick, F, Keller, L., Cziczo, D. J., Mertes, S., Borrmann, S. and Curtius1, J. (2010) Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 8077-8095. Kupiszewski, P., Weingartner, E., Färber, R., Gysel, M., Hammer, E., Fuchs, C., Baltensperger, U., Vochezer, P., Schnaiter, M., Linke, C., Toprak, E., Mertes, S., Schneider, J., Schmidt, S. (2013) European Aerosol Conference

  9. Présentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregor Perko

    2011-12-01

    intérieur du cadre de la morphologie naturelle, les mots-valises formés à partir de noms propres et de substantifs, phénomène relativement récent en ita- lien ; Thomas Schwaiger, se fondant sur les données tirées de la base « Graz Database on Reduplication », traite des constructions rédupliquées dans une perspective universelle. Deux articles adoptent une perspective contrastive: celui d’Eva Sicherl et Andreja Žele étudie la productivité des diminutifs nominaux en slovène et en anglais ; celui de Marie-Anne Berron et Marie Mouton propose une analyse détaillée de l’importance quantificative et qualificative des procédés de la morphologie marginale dans le slam en France et en Allemagne. Géraldine Walther présente un nouveau modèle général, inscrit dans une approche réalisationnelle, qui permet d’évaluer et de formaliser la (non-canonicité de phénomènes flexionnels. Un deuxième axe se situe sur la frontière séparant la morphologie dérivationnelle de la morphologie flexionnelle. Tatjana Marvin se penche sur le problème de la préservation de l’accent dans les dérivés anglais, mettant en comparaison les approches de Chomsky et de Marantz avec celle de la théorie de l’Optimalité. L’article de Patrizia Cordin explore la façon dont les constructions locatives verbales dans les langues et les dialectes romans, notamment dans le dialecte trentin, ont perdu en partie leur sens spatial au profit d’un sens grammatical plus abstrait (aspect, résultat, intensité etc.. Se focalisant sur la langue indigène d’Australie kayerdild, Erich Round insiste sur l’utilité de la notion de « morphome » qui permet d’instaurer un niveau de représentation linguistique intermédiaire entre les niveaux lexical, morphosyntaxique et morphophonologique. La contribution de Varja Cvetko Orešnik, qui adopte le cadre théorique de l’école ljubljanaise de la syntaxe naturelle, apporte quelques données nouvelles sur la morphophonologie et la

  10. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Photometry and spectroscopy of KELT-11 (Pepper+, 2017)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pepper, J.; Rodriguez, J. E.; Collins, K. A.; Johnson, J. A.; Fulton, B. J.; Howard, A. W.; Beatty, T. G.; Stassun, K. G.; Isaacson, H.; Colon, K. D.; Lund, M. B.; Kuhn, R. B.; Siverd, R. J.; Gaudi, B. S.; Tan, T. G.; Curtis, I.; Stockdale, C.; Mawet, D.; Bottom, M.; James, D.; Zhou, G.; Bayliss, D.; Cargile, P.; Bieryla, A.; Penev, K.; Latham, D. W.; Labadie-Bartz, J.; Kielkopf, J.; Eastman, J. D.; Oberst, T. E.; Jensen, E. L. N.; Nelson, P.; Sliski, D. H.; Wittenmyer, R. A.; McCrady, N.; Wright, J. T.; Relles, H. M.; Stevens, D. J.; Joner, M. D.; Hintz, E.

    2017-08-01

    {simeq}100000, and collected an iodine-free template spectrum using the 0.75''*8'' slit (R{simeq}120000, Vogt et al. 2014PASP..126..359V). Exposure times ranged from 18 to 30 minutes depending on seeing and transparency to obtain S/N{simeq}100pixel-1 at 550nm. (4 data files).

  11. Obituary: Wulff-Dieter Heintz, 1930-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augensen, Harry John; Geyer, Edward Heinrich

    2006-12-01

    ended, Wulff enrolled at Würzburg University, eventually completing his studies in 1950 with two majors, mathematics and chemistry. In 1950 he enrolled for graduate studies at Munich University. Conditions were horrid and austere, and the students were undernourished. Most of the university buildings had been destroyed during the war, but the buildings and domes of the Munich-Bogenhausen Observatory, which housed the meridian circles and the telescopes, suffered only minor damage. Lectures in astronomy were given in one of the small, surviving buildings on a tiny blackboard, forcing the lecturer to hold the chalk in his right hand and a sponge simultaneously in his left hand. Deplorable circumstances notwithstanding, Wulff, along with fellow classmates and future colleagues Edward Geyer, Theodor Schmidt-Kaler, and Joachim Herrmann, received a thorough instruction in astronomy from, among others, Hans Bucerius (celestial mechanics and theoretical astronomy), Wilhelm Rabe (binary stars), Erich Schoenberg (photometry, general astronomy), and Felix Schmeidler (astrophysics and galactic astronomy). Wulff also gained practical training in meridian circles and position micrometers, and learned to make binary star observations with the old Fraunhofer refractor (1835) of the Munich Observatory. It was here that his passion for binary stars was born. In 1953, Munich University awarded Wulff the degree of Doktor rerum naturalis in astronomy, which he completed under the direction of Felix Schmeidler. Wulff was almost immediately recruited by the Munich University Observatory to serve as the Scientific Assistant at the Southern Station in Mount Stromlo, Australia. He worked at Mount Stromlo from 1954 to 1955, then returned to Munich to serve as Research Officer from 1956-69, during which time he visited both the United Kingdom and the United States. Wulff was involved in observations of the planet Mars, and in particular the dust storms that were occurring on that planet around

  12. A fragilidade das relações humanas na pós-modernidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Nunes Bittencourt

    2009-09-01

    Hidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Emphasis" />

    Mediante exposição das teorias de Erich Fromm e de Zygmunt Bauman, pretendo refletir sobre diagnóstico apresentado por esses dois pensadores acerca da condição humana na era técnica da informatização que cada vez mais altera o ritmo dos processos vitais de nossa atual ordem social. Exponho a contínua alienação das qualidades intrínsecas impostas pela sociedade de consumo e pelo efeito nocivo gerado pela moda na subjetividade individual, submetida, em geral,

  13. Preface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorse, D.; Boutard, J.-L.

    2002-09-01

    , limitations of existing sensors and proposed new developments allowing to interpret e.m.f measurements at temperatures well below 450 °C. Intercomparisons between oxygen sensors, using various static facilities (BIP, JACOMEX and COLIMESTA) were carried out by J.-L. Courouau et al. This study is now going on including our EU partners in the closely related TECLA program granted by the 5th framework program. C. Lesueur et al. developed original methods for measuring wettability, permitting to determine the stability of native oxides (on Al, Fe, Ni and also T91 steel) in contact with molten lead. A. Maitre et al. presented a preliminary thermodynamic study of the quinary Bi-Fe-Hg-O-Pb system, beginning with the Bi-Hg-Pb system. No solid ternary phase was found in Pb-Bi eutectic in the temperature range expected for the spallation target. Then the authors focused on the possible formation of oxygenated compounds of low melting point either at the T91 steel/Pb or at the T91 steel/Pb-Bi eutectic interface. Section 4 concerns the resistance to LMC and LME of structural materials pre-selected for the spallation target of ADS, with special emphasis on the liquid Pb-Bi eutectic target concept. The compatibility of 9% Cr martensitic steels (like EM10 or T91...) with liquid Pb and Pb-Bi eutectic was examined. Qualification of the T91 steel/LBE system is required to build the liquid Pb-Bi target in PSI in 2005 and for further applications. A comparative study of the long-term corrosion behaviour of various martensitic and austenitic steels in forced circulation loop was carried out by F. Balbaud-Celerier et al. allowing to vary the temperature and oxygen content in LBE covering the range 10-8wt% -10-6wt.% . This work results from a fruitful collaboration with IPPE (Obninsk, Russia). The two following papers of Section 4 deal with the tensile behaviour of T91 steel in contact with lead and its alloys. The most severe metallurgical (J.-B. Vogt et al.) and environmental (J.-L. Pastol et al

  14. Fourth Light at Paranal!

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-09-01

    December 1995, cf. ESO PR 18/95. Paranal at sunset ESO Press Photo 22e/00 ESO Press Photo 22e/00 [Preview; JPEG: 400 x 200; 14kb] [Normal; JPEG: 800 x 400; 84kb] [High-Res; JPEG: 4000 x 2000; 4.0Mb] Wide-angle view of the Paranal Observatory at sunset. The last rays of the sun illuminate the telescope enclosures at the top of the mountain and some of the buildings at the Base Camp. The new "residencia" that will provide living space for the Paranal staff and visitors from next year is being constructed to the left. The "First Light" observations with YEPUN began soon after sunset. This photo was obtained in March 2000. Additional photos (September 6, 2000) ESO PR Photo 22f/00 ESO PR Photo 22f/00 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 487 pix - 224k] [Normal - JPEG: 992 x 1208 pix - 1.3Mb] Caption : ESO PR Photo 22f/00 shows a colour composite of three exposures of a field in the dwarf galaxy NGC 6822 , a member of the Local Group of Galaxies at a distance of about 2 million light-years. They were obtained by YEPUN and the VLT Test Camera at about 23:00 hrs local time on September 3 (03:00 UT on September 4), 2000. The image is based on exposures through three optical filtres: B(lue) (10 min exposure; here rendered as blue), V(isual) (5 min; green) and R(ed) (5 min; red); the seeing was 0.9 - 1.0 arcsec. Individual stars of many different colours (temperatures) are seen. The field measures about 1.5 x 1.5 arcmin 2. Another image of this galaxy was obtained earlier with ANTU and FORS1 , cf. PR Photo 10b/99. ESO Press Photo 22g/00 ESO Press Photo 22g/00 [Preview; JPEG: 400 x 300; 136k] [Full size; JPEG: 1280 x 960; 224k] Most of the crew that put together YEPUN is here photographed after the installation of the M1 mirror cell at the bottom of the mechanical structure (on July 30, 2000). Back row (left to right): Erich Bugueno (Mechanical Supervisor), Erito Flores (Maintenance Technician); front row (left to right) Peter Gray (Mechanical Engineer), German Ehrenfeld (Mechanical Engineer

  15. Tüketim Dinamikleri Ölçeği: Kurumsal Din Eğitimi Almış Bireylerde Tüketim Eğilimleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah İnce

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available Türkiye, 1980’den itibaren ithal ikameci ekonomi modelinden dışa açılma olarak ifade edilen yeni bir ekonomi modeline geçmiştir. Uygulamaya konulan neoliberal politikalarla birlikte küresel ekonomiyle bütünleşme sürecine girilmiştir. Bu eklemlenme dindarları da etkilemiş, dindarların gelirleri artmış, tüketim davranışlarında değişiklikler olmuştur. Öte yandan medya başta olmak üzere bazı taşıyıcı unsurlar, tüketim kodlarının farklı kesimlere ulaşmasını sağlamıştır. Bu süreçte ortaya çıkan yeni değerler, bireylerin tüketim eğilimlerinde de dönüşümlere sebep olmuştur. Bu çalışmada, dindarların tüketim eğilimlerini tespit etmek ve ne yönde değiştirdiğini ortaya çıkarmak amacıyla “Tüketim Dinamikleri Ölçeği” (TDÖ geliştirilmiştir. Çalışmada nicel araştırma yaklaşımı benimsenmiş ve yüz yüze anket tekniğiyle veriler toplanmıştır. Örnekleme dâhil olan bireyler kota örnekleme ile seçilmiştir. Bu çalışmada literatür taraması, uzman görüşüne başvurma, akademisyenlerle yapılan beyin fırtınası ve gözlemler sonucunda bir ifade havuzu oluşturulmuştur. Ölçeğin geçerlilik ve güvenilirlik analizi SPSS programı aracılığıyla farklı istatistikler kullanılarak yapılmıştır. İzlenen aşamalar sonucunda 16 madde ve 3 boyuttan oluşan ölçeğin boyutları “gösterişçi tüketim”, “savurgan tüketim” ve “dini öncelikli tüketim” olarak adlandırılmıştır. Özet: Tüketim tarihi ve sosyolojisi alanında yapılan ilk çalışmalar Marx, Weber, Veblen ve Simmel’in çalışmalarıdır. Bu çalışmalarda tüketim olgusu üretim sürecinin bir parçası ve tüketim kalıpları da sınıf konumunun bir özelliği olarak ele alınmıştır. Tüketim olgusu daha sonra eleştirel yaklaşım içinde (Frankfurt Okulu yer alan Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Herbert Marcuse ve Erich Fromm’un teorilerinde ele alınmıştır. Frankfurt

  16. 3rd International Conference on Turbulent Mixing and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Gauthier, Serge; Keane, Christopher J.; Niemela, Joseph J.

    2013-07-01

    (University of South Florida, USA) • Serge Gauthier (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France) • Joseph J Niemela (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Italy) • Katsunobu Nishihara (Institute for Laser Engineering, Osaka, Japan) • Katepalli R Sreenivasan (New York University, USA) We greatly acknowledge the effort and dedication of the members of the Committee for Best Poster Award: • Serge Gauthier (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France) • Katsunobu Nishihara (Institute for Laser Engineering, Osaka, Japan) • Annick Pouquet (National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA) • Walter Gekelman (University of California, Los Angeles, USA) • Graeme Watt (Institute of Physics, UK) We greatly appreciate the work of conference web-master Daniil V Ilyin (University of Chicago, USA). We thank for technical support: • Bhanesh Akula (Texas A & M University, USA) • Ahmad Qamar (University of Chicago, USA) We warmly acknowledge the logistics assistance of the offices and officers of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics: • Conference Support Office, and Ms Katrina Danforth and Ms Daniela Giombi • Financial Office, and Mr Andrej Michelcich and Ms Alessandra Ricci • Visa Office, and Mr Erich Jost and Mr Adriano Maggio • Housing Office, and Ms Tiziana Bottazzi and Ms Dora Photiou • Publications Office, and Mr Guido Comar and Mr Raffaele Corona • Computer Office, and Dr Johannes Grassberger • Science Dissemination Unit, and Dr Enrique Canessa, Dr. Carlo Fonda and Dr Marco Zennaro We gratefully appreciate the support of the members of the Programme Coordination Board: • Snezhana I Abarzhi (University of Chicago, USA) • Malcolm J Andrews (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) • Sergei I Anisimov (Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russia) • Hiroshi Azechi (Institute for Laser Engineering, Osaka, Japan) • Vladimir E Fortov (Institute for High Energy Density, Russia) • Serge Gauthier (Commissariat à l