Sample records for eric kron gunnar

  1. Handling Biological Complexity Using Kron Reduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jayawardhana, Bayu; Rao, Shodhan; Sikkema, Ward; Bakker, Barbara; Camlibel, Kanat; Julius, Agung; Pasumarthy, Ramkrishna; Scherpen, Jacquelien


    We revisit a model reduction method for detailed-balanced chemical reaction networks based on Kron reduction on the graph of complexes. The resulting reduced model preserves a number of important properties of the original model, such as, the kinetics law and identity of the chemical species. For

  2. Kantseljarija prezidenta prosit ot pravitelstva boleje milliona kron

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Presidendi Kantselei palvest eraldada Kantseleile täiendavalt 1,02 miljonit krooni. Pealk. ajalehes Sillamjaeskii Vestnik (2002/Jul/9) lk. 1: ["Kantseljarija prezidenta hodataistvujet pered pravitelstvom o võdelenii dopolnitelno 1,2 kron"

  3. Gunnar uranium mine environmental remediation - Northern Saskatchewan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muldoon, Joe; Yankovich, Tamara; Schramm, Laurier L. [Saskatchewan Research Council, Saskatoon, SK (Canada)


    The Gunnar Mine and mill site was the largest of some 38 now-abandoned uranium mines that were developed and operated in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada, during the Cold War years. During their operating lifetimes these mines produced large quantities of ore and tailings. The Gunnar mine (open pit and underground) produced over 5 million tonnes of uranium ore and nearly 4.4 million tonnes of mine tailings during its operations from 1955 through 1963. An estimated 2.2 to 2.7 million m{sup 3} of waste rock that was generated during the processing of the ore abuts the shores of Lake Athabasca, the 22. largest lake in the world. After closure in the 1960's, the Gunnar site was abandoned with little to no decommissioning being done. The Saskatchewan Research Council has been contracted to manage the clean-up of these abandoned northern uranium mine and mill sites. The Gunnar Mine, because of the magnitude of tailings and waste rock, is subject to an environmental site assessment process regulated by both provincial and federal governments. This process requires a detailed study of the environmental impacts that have resulted from the mining activities and an analysis of projected impacts from remediation efforts. The environmental assessment process, specific site studies, and public involvement initiatives are all now well underway. Due to the many uncertainties associated with an abandoned site, an adaptive remediation approach, utilizing a decision tree, presented within the environmental assessment documents will be used as part of the site regulatory licensing. A critical early task was dealing with major public safety hazards on the site. The site originally included many buildings that were remnants of a community of approximately 800 people who once occupied the site. These buildings, many of which contained high levels of asbestos, had to be appropriately abated and demolished. Similarly, the original mine head frame and mill site buildings, many of which

  4. Pärnumaa kaitseliitlane Gunnar Vahtra teenis vibulaskmise maailmameistrivõistlustel neljanda koha / Gunnar Vahtra ; interv. Taive Kuuse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahtra, Gunnar


    Lõuna-Saksamaal peetud vibulaskmise maailmameistrivõistlustel siselaskmises WIAC 2007 neljanda koha võitnud Kaitseliidu Pärnu maleva liige võistluse korraldamisest, vibulaskespordist ja kaitseliitlaseks olemisest. Lisa: Gunnar Vahtra saavutused

  5. The Tribute Workshop in Honour of Gunnar Sparr

    CERN Document Server

    Astrom, Karl; Silvestrov, Sergei D; Analysis for Science, Engineering and Beyond


    This book project was initiated at The Tribute Workshop in Honour of Gunnar Sparr and the follow-up workshop Inequalities, Interpolation, Non-commutative, Analysis, Non-commutative Geometry and Applications INANGA08, held at the Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Lund University in May and November of 2008. The resulting book is dedicated in celebration of Gunnar Sparr's sixty-fifth anniversary and more than forty years of exceptional service to mathematics and its applications in engineering and technology, mathematics and engineering education, as well as interdisciplinary, industrial and int

  6. Gunnar Aagaard Andersen: Commercial Design and Experimental Art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gether, Vibeke Petersen


    Gunnar Aagaard Andersen’s relaxed approach both to art and to commercialised creativity positioned him centrally in the field where the two overlap. Other important players were the brothers Aage and Mads Eg Damgaard, who owned textile factories in Herning, the artistic textile firm Unika Væv...... in Copenhagen and the magazine Mobilia. These enterprises were pioneers within both the commercial–industrial creative field and experimental art from the 1950s. The industrial process, from idea and experiment to production,as well as the expanded field of visual art, was demonstrated in concrete painting...... and total decoration. These developments within the visual arts of the 1950s and 1960s were followed up by Paul Gadegaard, Dieter Roth, Arthur Köpcke and Paul Gernes, as well as by Aagaard Andersen himself....

  7. Võõrsil soetatud tunnistus vajab tunnustamist / Gunnar Vaht ; intervjueerinud Jaanika Meier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaht, Gunnar


    Vestlus Sihtasutuse Archimedes struktuuriüksuse Akadeemilise tunnustamise infokeskuse (Eesti ENIK/NARIC keskuse) juhataja Gunnar Vahiga, kes selgitab, et välisriigi haridusdokument tuleb meie haridussüsteemiga vastavusse viia

  8. The Eric Cantor Upset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashbee, Edward


    US update. The surprise primary defat of Eric Cantor, which shows that the Tea Party is still in business......US update. The surprise primary defat of Eric Cantor, which shows that the Tea Party is still in business...

  9. ERIC: Sphinx or Golden Griffin? (United States)

    Lopez, Manuel D.


    Evaluates the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) database. Summarizes ERIC's history and organization, and discusses criticisms concerning access, currency, and database content. Reviews role of component clearinghouses, indexing practices, thesaurus structure, international coverage, and comparative studies. Finds ERIC a valuable…

  10. ERIC/EECE Report. (United States)

    Steiner, Karen


    Summarizes 10 recent ERIC documents concerning the development and education of young adolescents. Issues covered in these documents include the definition of adolescence and adolescence in relation to sexual, physical, cognitive, and social development, family life, after-school needs, risk-taking behavior, educational needs, and teacher…

  11. ERIC/EECE Report. (United States)

    Cesarone, Bernard


    Summarizes four documents and seven journal articles in the ERIC database that examine children's self-esteem. Topics include self-esteem and academic achievement in black male adolescents, self-esteem and social responsibility, factors associated with self-esteem, self-esteem and peer relationships, enhancing self-esteem, and predictors of…

  12. Uranium association with iron-bearing phases in mill tailings from Gunnar, Canada. (United States)

    Othmane, Guillaume; Allard, Thierry; Morin, Guillaume; Sélo, Madeleine; Brest, Jessica; Llorens, Isabelle; Chen, Ning; Bargar, John R; Fayek, Mostafa; Calas, Georges


    The speciation of uranium was studied in the mill tailings of the Gunnar uranium mine (Saskatchewan, Canada), which operated in the 1950s and 1960s. The nature, quantification, and spatial distribution of uranium-bearing phases were investigated by chemical and mineralogical analyses, fission track mapping, electron microscopy, and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies at the U LIII-edge and Fe K-edge. In addition to uranium-containing phases from the ore, uranium is mostly associated with iron-bearing minerals in all tailing sites. XANES and EXAFS data and transmission electron microscopy analyses of the samples with the highest uranium concentrations (∼400-700 mg kg(-1) of U) demonstrate that uranium primarily occurs as monomeric uranyl ions (UO2(2+)), forming inner-sphere surface complexes bound to ferrihydrite (50-70% of the total U) and to a lesser extent to chlorite (30-40% of the total U). Thus, the stability and mobility of uranium at the Gunnar site are mainly influenced by sorption/desorption processes. In this context, acidic pH or alkaline pH with the presence of UO2(2+)- and/or Fe(3+)-complexing agents (e.g., carbonate) could potentially solubilize U in the tailings pore waters.

  13. Gunnar Okk jääb vähemalt aastaks Eesti Energia etteotsa / Urmas Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooming, Urmas


    Eesti Energia nõukogu otsustas, et Eesti Energia juhi kohale korraldatakse konkurss aasta pärast ning nõukogu esimees Urmas Sõõrumaa sai volituse juhatuse liikmetega läbi rääkida ja nende lepinguid aasta võrra pikendada. Lisa: Gunnar Oki töö

  14. [Gunnar Meyer. "Besitzende Bürger" und "Elende Sieche". Lübecks Gesellschaft im Spiegel ihrer Testamente 1400-1449] / Dennis Hortmuth

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hormuth, Dennis


    Arvustus: Gunnar Meyer. "Besitzende Bürger" und "Elende Sieche". Lübecks Gesellschaft im Spiegel ihrer Testamente 1400-1449. (Verhöffentlichungen zur Geschichte der Hansestadt Lübeck. B. 48). (Lübeck, 2010)

  15. Impact of image quality, radiologists, lung segments, and Gunnar eyewear on detectability of lung nodules in chest CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christe, Andreas [Dept. of Radiology, Stanford Univ. Medical Center, Stanford (United States); Dept. of Diagnostic, Interventional and Pediatric Radiology, Inselspital, Univ. Hospital, Univ. of Bern, Bern (Switzerland)], e-mail:; Ebner, Lukas; Steiger, Philipp; Vock, Peter [Dept. of Diagnostic, Interventional and Pediatric Radiology, Inselspital, Univ. Hospital, Univ. of Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Parikh, Sachin R. [Dept. of Radiology, Emory Univ. School of Medicine, Atlanta (United States); Shah, Akash D. [Proscan Imaging, Cincinnati (United States); Roychoudhury, Kingshuk [Statistics Dept., Univ. Coll. Cork, Cork (Ireland); Roos, Justus E. [Dept. of Radiology, Stanford Univ. Medical Center, Stanford (United States)


    Background: Despite the increasingly higher spatial and contrast resolution of CT, nodular lesions are prone to be missed on chest CT. Tinted lenses increase visual acuity and contrast sensitivity by filtering short wavelength light of solar and artificial origin. Purpose: To test the impact of Gunnar eyewear, image quality (standard versus low dose CT) and nodule location on detectability of lung nodules in CT and to compare their individual influence. Material and Methods: A pre-existing database of CT images of patients with lung nodules >5 mm, scanned with standard does image quality (150 ref mAs/120 kVp) and lower dose/quality (40 ref mAs/120 kVp), was used. Five radiologists read 60 chest CTs twice: once with Gunnar glasses and once without glasses with a 1 month break between. At both read-outs the cases were shown at lower dose or standard dose level to quantify the influence of both variables (eyewear vs. image quality) on nodule sensitivity. Results: The sensitivity of CT for lung nodules increased significantly using Gunnar eyewear for two readers and insignificantly for two other readers. Over all, the mean sensitivity of all radiologist raised significantly from 50% to 53%, using the glasses (P value = 0.034). In contrast, sensitivity for lung nodules was not significantly affected by lowering the image quality from 150 to 40 ref mAs. The average sensitivity was 52% at low dose level, that was even 0.7 % higher than at standard dose level (P value = 0.40). The strongest impact on sensitivity had the factors readers and nodule location (lung segments). Conclusion: Sensitivity for lung nodules was significantly enhanced by Gunnar eyewear (+3 %), while lower image quality (40 ref mAs) had no impact on nodule sensitivity. Not using the glasses had a bigger impact on sensitivity than lowering the image quality.

  16. Options Evaluation for Remediation of the Gunnar Site Using a Decision- Tree Approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yankovich, Tamara L. [International Atomic Energy Agency, P.O. Box 100, 1400 Vienna (Austria); Hachkowski, Andrea [CH2M Hill Canada Limited, 1305 Kenaston Blvd, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3P 2P2 (Canada); Klyashtorin, Alexey [Saskatchewan Research Council, 15 Innovation Blvd no.125, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 2X8 (Canada)


    Current best practice in the nuclear industry involves proactive planning of activities from cradle-to-grave over the entire nuclear life cycle in accordance with national requirements and international guidance. This includes the development of detailed decommissioning plans (DDP) at an early stage to facilitate proactive, responsible decision-making as activities are being planned. It should be noted, however, that the current approach may not be applicable to historic nuclear legacy sites, such as abandoned uranium mines and mills, which had operated in the past under less stringent regulatory regimes. In such cases, records documenting past activities are often not available and monitoring data may not have been collected, thereby limiting knowledge of impacts related to past activities. This can lead to challenges in gaining regulatory and funding approvals related to the remediation of such sites, especially given the costs that can be associated with remediation and the uncertainties in characterizing the existing situation. The Gunnar Site, in northern Saskatchewan, is an example of an abandoned uranium mine/mill site, which was operated between the late 1950's to early 1960's under a different regulatory regime than today. Due to the lack of monitoring data and records for the site, and the corresponding uncertainties, a number of precedent-setting approaches have been developed and applied, as part of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) process. Specifically, unlike traditional environmental assessments for planned and operating facilities, it was not possible to identify a preferred and alternative remedial option. Instead, a step-wise decision-tree approach has been developed to identify all potentially feasible remedial options and to map out key decision points, during the licensing phase of the project (following approval of the environmental assessment), when final remedial options will be selected. The presentation will provide

  17. Leadership. ERIC Digest No. 26. (United States)

    Meredith, Sydney J.

    An ERIC digest provides general information to help educators, students, and others evaluate their own capacities for leadership. Material is divided into six substantive sections. "What is leadership?" provides definitions of the concept, discusses differences between leadership and management and considers requisites for effective…

  18. Grandma Moses Meets Eric Carle (United States)

    Sutley, Jane


    This activity features artwork by "Grandma Moses" in which children will learn the picture plane in terms of foreground, middle ground, and background. The teacher also introduces the children to Eric Carle's colorful collaged images in his books. Using the two artists' methods, children experimented and invented new techniques and colors. As the…

  19. Portrait of Gunnar Källén a physics shooting star and poet of early quantum field theory

    CERN Document Server


    Wolfgang Pauli referred to him as 'my discovery,' Robert Oppenheimer described him as 'one of the most gifted theorists' and Niels Bohr found him enormously stimulating. Who was the man in question, Gunnar Källén (1926-1968)? His appearance in the physics sky was like a shooting star. His contributions to the scientific debate caused excitement among young and old. Similar to his friend and mentor, Wolfgang Pauli, he demanded honesty and rigor in physics - a distinct dividing line between fact and speculation. In his obituary, Arthur S. Wightman would write: 'Gunnar Källén was a proud continuer of the tradition in quantum field theory established by Wolfgang Pauli. His papers on quantum electrodynamics in the period 1950-1954 carried the non-perturbative approach to quantum electrodynamics forward to a point beyond which very little essential progress has been made up to the present day. At the time I was trying to puzzle out the grammar of the language of quantum field theory, and here was Källén al...

  20. Perspectives on ERIC and Adult Education (United States)

    Imel, Susan


    Susan Imel is retired from Ohio State University. From December 1981 until December 2003, she was the Adult Education Specialist at the ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education and Director from 1987 through 2003. This essay begins with a brief overview of the ERIC system including goals for the clearinghouses, followed by a…

  1. Gregory Bateson and Eric Voegelin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn


    This article argues that two important thinkers of the 20th century, Gregory Bateson (1904-1980) and Eric Voegelin (1901-1985), developed a set of ideas that are of importance to the history of the human sciences. The article also argues that their ideas display similarities that have not yet been...... discussed within the larger history of the human sciences. The aim of the article is to show how the diagnostic terms provided by Bateson and Voegelin complement each other toward an understanding of underlying tensions and social pathologies of contemporary civilization....

  2. CERN Library | Cecilia Jarlskog presents "Portrait of Gunnar Källén: a physics shooting star and poet of early quantum field theory" | 16 September

    CERN Document Server


    Wolfgang Pauli referred to him as 'my discovery', Robert Oppenheimer described him as 'one of the most gifted theorists' and Niels Bohr found him enormously stimulating. Who was the man in question, Gunnar Källén (1926-1968)?   His appearance in the physics sky was like a shooting star. His contributions to the scientific debate caused excitement among young and old. Similar to his friend and mentor, Wolfgang Pauli, he demanded honesty and rigour in physics - a distinct dividing line between fact and speculation. In his obituary, Arthur S. Wightman would write: "Gunnar Källén was a proud continuer of the tradition in quantum field theory established by Wolfgang Pauli. His papers on quantum electrodynamics in the period 1950-1954 carried the non-perturbative approach to quantum electrodynamics forward to a point beyond which very little essential progress has been made up to the present day. At the time I was trying ...

  3. Eric Davidson and deep time. (United States)

    Erwin, Douglas H


    Eric Davidson had a deep and abiding interest in the role developmental mechanisms played in generating evolutionary patterns documented in deep time, from the origin of the euechinoids to the processes responsible for the morphological architectures of major animal clades. Although not an evolutionary biologist, Davidson's interests long preceded the current excitement over comparative evolutionary developmental biology. Here I discuss three aspects at the intersection between his research and evolutionary patterns in deep time: First, understanding the mechanisms of body plan formation, particularly those associated with the early diversification of major metazoan clades. Second, a critique of early claims about ancestral metazoans based on the discoveries of highly conserved genes across bilaterian animals. Third, Davidson's own involvement in paleontology through a collaborative study of the fossil embryos from the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation in south China.

  4. 18 December 2013 - P. Kron Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of ALSTOM signing the Guest Book with the Director-General R. Heuer and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department Head F. Bordry. Accompanied by P. Fassnacht throughout.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer


    18 December 2013 - P. Kron Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of ALSTOM signing the Guest Book with the Director-General R. Heuer and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department Head F. Bordry. Accompanied by P. Fassnacht throughout.

  5. Erice: its past and present roles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory


    In the depths of the cold war there were few places where it was possible, let alone acceptable, to discuss global problems and their solution. Erice provided such a venue. Prof. Zichichi built it by inviting friends of international statue to visit Erice to discuss fundamental problems in science, technology, and society. Gradually the discussions were broadened to the more sensitive issues of global war and its consequences, which ranged from strategic forces and their stability to missile defenses and their impacts. Erice was one of the few places that these problems and their possible solutions could be discussed in a dispassionate and productive manner. Much of the reason these discussions remained objective and productive was Prof. Zichichi's 'gentle' prodding of participants towards a useful solution that all could accept. All was not deadly serious. I often accompanied Dr. Teller to the meetings, which he enjoyed enormously because they recalled the free-wheeling discussions he participated in when quantum physics was in its infancy. It was also pleasant to see him interact with Prof. Lee, who still gave Dr. Teller the deference due his old professor, and Dr. Garwin, who had worked with Dr. Teller in Los Alamos. By the end of the cold war Erice was recognized as a valuable site for such discussions. Perhaps for that reason, when the transfer of power in the Soviet Union evolved into an attempted coup, President Yeltsin sent a large contingent of scientists in his own plane to participate in the Erice seminar. It soon appeared that this contingent was not chosen randomly, but might contain many of the scientists who knew their missile launch codes. Despite their senior status, they quickly proved themselves to be competent scientists and enthusiastic participants. A by product to that interaction developed the following year when the Russian economy faltered and its science needed external support lest nuclear scientists leave Russia. U

  6. La Disciplina Positiva (Positive Discipline). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.

    This ERIC Digest suggests methods and language that can be used in handling difficult, but common, situations involving young children. The digest explains 12 methods of disciplining children that promote children's self-worth. These methods are: (1) showing children that the reasons for their actions are understood; (2) stating reasons; (3)…

  7. Teaching about Presidential Elections. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Vontz, Thomas S.; Nixon, William A.

    Although elections are an annual theme in many social studies classrooms, presidential election years prompt increased interest among students in the electoral process and offer an opportunity to teach about a national election as it happens. This ERIC Digest describes the legal requirements and traditions of U.S. presidential elections, processes…

  8. Trends in Peace Education. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Johnson, Marcia L.

    This ERIC Digest reviews the development and current status of peace education in the United States. After briefly surveying the peace education movement from its origins with a small group of educators in New England in the 1800s through its stigmatization as being anti-American during periods of hot and cold war, the Digest devotes more…

  9. ERIC References on Urban and Minority Education. (United States)

    Rothstein, Pauline M., Comp.


    This issue of the "Equal Opportunity Review" is devoted to an annotated bibliography to be used as a guide to recent literature on urban and minority education accessible through the ERIC system. The following topics are addressed in the bibliography: (1) integration and urban life (46 citations); (2) bilingual, bicultural, and multicultural…

  10. Manejo de riesgo (Risk Management). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Gaustad, Joan

    The ordinary conduct of school business is accompanied today by risks that were rare or unknown a few decades ago. This ERIC Digest in Spanish discusses how risk management, a concept long used by corporate decision makers, can help school boards and administrators conserve their districts' assets. Risk management is a coordinated effort to…

  11. Learning from a Sea Snail: Eric Kandel

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 6; Issue 6. Learning from a Sea Snail: Eric Kandel. Rohini Balakrishnan. Research News Volume 6 Issue 6 June 2001 pp 86-90. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: ...

  12. Swedish solidarity / Gunnar Ljungdahl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ljungdahl, Gunnar


    Autor ei ole rahul Läti välisministri Aivis Ronise kriitikaga Rootsi valitsuse suhtes, kes leiab, et Rootsi valitsus oleks pidanud majanduskriisi ajal sekkuma Lätis asuvate Rootsi pankade tegevusse

  13. Existence of Paenibacillus larvae genotypes ERIC I-ST2, ERIC I-ST15 and ERIC II-ST10 in the western region of Aichi prefecture, Japan. (United States)

    Hirai, Yuko; Suzuki, Toshinari; Inaba, Nanami; Minoguchi, Naokazu; Takamatsu, Daisuke


    American foulbrood is the most destructive honeybee bacterial disease. The etiological agent, Paenibacillus larvae, has been classified into four genotypes by a repetitive-element PCR (ERIC I-IV) and 21 sequence types by multilocus sequence typing (ST1-21). In this study, we genotyped Japanese P. larvae isolates for the first time and revealed the presence of three genotypes (ERIC I-ST2, ERIC I-ST15 and ERIC II-ST10) in the western region of Aichi prefecture. ERIC I-ST15 and ERIC II-ST10 are globally distributed types, whereas the ERIC I-ST2 isolate was the first isolate of this genotype identified outside the native range of the European honeybee. The ERIC I and II isolates differed in phenotypes including cell morphology, and these may be useful for predicting ERIC types.

  14. Refugees in the United States: A Bibliography of ERIC Documents. ERIC/CUE Bibliography Number 7. (United States)

    Ascher, Carol; Alladice, Darryl

    This bibliography contains 303 citations of conference papers, research and project reports, and other materials drawn from the ERIC database. The entries are organized according to a number of issues relating to the resettlement and adaptation of Indochinese, Cuban, Haitian, and Russian refugees in the United States. The categories include:…

  15. Skyview Foods: Eric's Real Dilemma with Channel Partners (United States)

    Castleberry, Stephen B.


    As a marketing analyst, Eric is faced with several ethical dilemmas. When asked to engage in unethical and illegal behavior, Eric must decide whether to obey his boss and fudge the numbers (the counts of product purchased in order to get reimbursed more from the manufacturer during special sales) or take the ethical route. The case consists of two…

  16. Computer Cache: ERIC and the Library Media Specialist. (United States)

    Lodish, Erica K.


    Description of how library media specialists can assist teachers and administrators in retrieving useful information by using ERIC highlights its organization, the types of materials available that are especially useful to classroom teachers, and ways that it can be accessed online. A list of ERIC Clearinghouses with addresses is included. (EM)

  17. CAS Accelerator Physics held in Erice, Italy

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Accelerator School


    The CERN Accelerator School (CAS) recently organised a specialised course on Superconductivity for Accelerators, held at the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture in Erice, Italy from 24 April-4 May, 2013.   Photo courtesy of Alessandro Noto, Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture. Following a handful of summary lectures on accelerator physics and the fundamental processes of superconductivity, the course covered a wide range of topics related to superconductivity and highlighted the latest developments in the field. Realistic case studies and topical seminars completed the programme. The school was very successful with 94 participants representing 23 nationalities, coming from countries as far away as Belorussia, Canada, China, India, Japan and the United States (for the first time a young Ethiopian lady, studying in Germany, attended this course). The programme comprised 35 lectures, 3 seminars and 7 hours of case study. The case studies were p...

  18. Eric Kandel: the future of memory. (United States)

    Kandel, Erik


    Watching ice floes glide by on the Hudson River from Eric Kandel's office, one gets a sense of placid reflection tempered by constant action-an apt analogy for Kandel's ability to calmly manage several ongoing projects and commitments at once. In addition to his well-lauded, ongoing research at Columbia University Medical Center's New York State Psychiatric Institute, Kandel has written several books on neurobiology, behavior, and memory. In addition to being a Nobel Laureate Scientist, he is well-known as an editor of the seminal textbook Principles of Neural Science. He and his colleagues are in the midst of working on a new edition of Principles, and he is working on a scientific autobiography. MI sat down with Dr. Kandel and discussed with him a range of topics including childhood and early career influences, intramural research at the NIH, the HHMI, ethical considerations of altering memory and, of course, Aplysia.

  19. Fans of Columbine shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Andrew Ryan Rico


    On April 20, 1999, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold murdered 12 students and one teacher at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, in what was then the deadliest school shooting in American history...

  20. Benefits of Art and Music Education. ERIC/EECE Report. (United States)

    Cesarone, Bernard


    Annotates 13 recent documents and journals from the ERIC database that discuss the benefits of art and music education to children's development and academic achievement. Includes art and music education Internet sites. (LBT)

  1. Eric Soovere fotodest sõjafotograafia kontektis / Ahto Sooaru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sooaru, Ahto


    Püütakse selgitada Eric Soovere piltide ja teksti tausta põgenemisel kodumaalt, näidatakse tema töö tähtsust Eesti visuaalkultuuris ja käsitletakse ka sõjafotograafia ajalugu ning sõjafotograafia peegeldusi kunstis. Praktilise tööna sündis DVD, kuhu on koondatud Eric Soovere päevik ja fotomaterjal kaasaegse formaadina

  2. Swedish Masters of Modernism: A Review of Nicholas Adams, Gunnar Asplund’s Gothenburg: The Transformation of Public Architecture in Interwar Europe, and Janne Ahlin, Sigurd Lewerentz, Architect 1885–1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Blundell Jones


    Full Text Available Nicholas Adams, Gunnar Asplund’s Gothenburg: The Transformation of Public Architecture in Interwar Europe, University Park: Penn State University Press, 288 pages, 152 illustrations, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-271-05984-6 Janne Ahlin, Sigurd Lewerentz, Architect 1885–1975, with an epilog by Wilfried Wang, Zürich: Park Books, 204 pages, 29 colour and 307 b/w illustrations, plans and drawings, 2014, ISBN: 978-3-906027-48-7, (facsimile of the original edition by Byggförlaget, Stockholm and MIT Press, Cambridge MA, 1987

  3. Eric Robertson, Arp. Painter, Poet, Sculptor 2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Hemus


    Full Text Available Gertrude Stein's 1909 extended textual portrait of Picasso at once tries to capture the artist anew, as he has never been rendered before, and resists closure and flatness of meaning. It is multi-faceted, cubist, repetitive but never static, trying to arrive at the essence of the artist, but acknowledging the slipperiness of its objective. In writing a portrait, biography or monograph, the author's challenge is to apprehend a subject and to distil the themes and techniques of his/her life and work, but without reducing that person to a one-dimensional outline. This is especially difficult when the figure is well-known, or at least when some aspect or aspects of that figure are well-known. It is a challenge that Eric Robertson not only faces, but relishes, in Arp: Painter, Poet, Sculptor (Yale University Press, 2006. When he writes that Arp, "seems to have fostered his multiple identity with a quite deliberate disregard for the biographer's task" (p. 3, it is in a spirit of admiration rather than complaint.

  4. Molecular characterization of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis isolated from goats using ERIC-PCR. (United States)

    Dorneles, E M S; Santana, J A; Andrade, G I; Santos, E L S; Guimarães, A S; Mota, R A; Santos, A S; Miyoshi, A; Azevedo, V; Gouveia, A M G; Lage, A P; Heinemann, M B


    Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the infectious agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA), is responsible for substantial economic losses in goat and sheep production. Molecular characterization of C. pseudotuberculosis isolates by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR has shown promising results in genotyping strains isolated from sheep with CLA. We evaluated the genetic diversity of C. pseudotuberculosis isolates collected from the Sertão region of the Pernambuco (PE) State, Brazil, and investigated the potential of ERIC-PCR as a tool for the molecular typing of strains of C. pseudotuberculosis isolated from goats. Thirty-two C. pseudotuberculosis strains isolated from goats in the municipalities of Floresta and Ibimirim, PE, C. pseudotuberculosis type strain ATCC 19410, the 1002 vaccine strain, and a field isolate of Rhodococcus equi were fingerprinted using the primers ERIC-1R and ERIC-2 and the primer pair ERIC- 1R+ERIC-2. Using 100% similarity as the cutoff, 8, 10, and 7 genotypes were obtained with ERIC-1-PCR, ERIC-2-PCR, and ERIC-1+2-PCR, respectively. The Hunter-Gaston discriminatory index calculated for the ERIC-1-PCR was 0.75. The index for the ERIC-2-PCR was 0.88, and the index for the ERIC-1+2-PCR was 0.79. Among goat isolates of C. pseudotuberculosis, three, two and four genotypes (found by ERIC-1-PCR, ERIC-2-PCR, and ERIC-1+2-PCR, respectively) had been previously described among sheep isolates from Minas Gerais State, Brazil. These results showed that ERIC-PCR has good discriminatory power and typeability, making it a useful tool for discrimination among C. pseudotuberculosis isolates from goats.

  5. Entrevista com Eric McLuhan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McLuhan, Eric


    Full Text Available Marshall McLuhan faria 100 anos em 2011. Para marcar esta data, que já provocou uma recente revisitação à obra do teórico, o XI Seminário Internacional da Comunicação, promovido pela PUCRS, destacou temas como as relações do homem com as tecnologias e os efeitos psicológicos das mídias para nortear às discussões dos três dias de evento. Mas se engana que acredita que entender a obra mcluhiana é tarefa fácil. Mesmo tendo se dedicado com afinco a explicar metáforas como ‘o meio é a mensagem’ e ‘aldeia global’, McLuhan nunca chegou a ser completamente entendido. Ou as pessoas não sedavam ao trabalho de entendê-lo, ou, simplesmente, não conseguiam enxergar as mudanças que estavam acontecendo com a mesma clareza que o pesquisador. Numa tentativa não só de entender a obra do ‘profeta da globalização’, mas de ampliar os entendimentos sobre as tecnologias e as extensões do homem, Eric McLuhan, filho do teórico, participou como palestrante do Seminário para falar, entre outros assuntos, da percepção acadêmica quanto a obra de seu pai, além de introduzir novas ideias sobre televisão, globalização e ecologia

  6. Saladusi mäletavad pildid : järelvaade Eric Soovere fotograafilisele dokumentalistikale / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-


    Eric Sooverest ja tema fotoloomingust. Eric Soovere ja Johannes Pääsukese loomingu võrdlus. Katkendeid Eric Soovere raamatust "Käru ja kaameraga : pilte ja päevikulehti põgenemisteelt 1944-1949". Pikemalt emigreerumisest Ameerikasse

  7. MICROsearch--A Project to Extend the ERIC Database to Microcomputers. (United States)

    Clark, W. Bruce

    A project at the ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources has resulted in the extension of the ERIC database to microcomputer. Small subject-related files for current-awareness purposes are downloaded from the ERIC tapes and are made available for searching with Apple II Plus microcomputers. Since the target audience for this system is…

  8. Cost and Usage Study of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) System. A Descriptive Summary. (United States)

    Heinmiller, Joseph L.

    Based on data gathered from a number of complementary sources, this study provides a detailed descriptive analysis of both the direct and indirect costs incurred by the Federal government in operating the ERIC system, and the user population and user demand for ERIC products and services. Data sources included a survey of ERIC's U.S. intermediate…

  9. Cost and Usage Study of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) System. Final Report. (United States)

    McDonald, Dennis D; And Others

    A detailed descriptive analysis of both the direct and indirect costs incurred by the Federal government in operating the ERIC system, and the user population and user demand for ERIC products and services, this study is based on data gathered from a number of complementary sources. These sources included a survey of ERIC's U.S. intermediate…

  10. Fractal dimensions the digital art of Eric Hammel

    CERN Document Server

    Hammel, Eric


    The concept behind fractal geometry is extremely difficult to explain . . . but easy to see and enjoy. Eric Hammel, a professional author of military history books, is unable to explain fractals in a way that will be clear to anyone else, but most mathematicians can't explain fractals in language most people can understand. The simplest explanation is that fractals are graphic representations of high-order mathematical formulas that repeat patterns to infinity.Don't get hung up on the math. It's really all in the seeing. Like Volumes 1, 2, and 3 of Eric Hammel's Fractal Dimensions, Volume 4 is

  11. Fractal dimensions the digital art of Eric Hammel

    CERN Document Server

    Hammel, Eric


    The concept behind fractal geometry is extremely difficult to explain . . . but easy to see and enjoy. Eric Hammel, a professional author of military history books, is unable to explain fractals in a way that will be clear to anyone else, but most mathematicians can't explain fractals in language most people can understand. The simplest explanation is that fractals are graphic representations of high-order mathematical formulas that repeat patterns to infinity.Don't get hung up on the math. It's really all in the seeing. Like Volumes 1 and 2 of Eric Hammel's Fractal Dimensions, Volume 3 is fil

  12. Quality of Researchers' Searches of the ERIC Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Hertzberg


    Full Text Available During the last ten years, end-users of electronic databases have become progressively less dependent on librarians and other intermediaries. This is certainly the case with the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC Database, a resource once accessed by passing a paper query form to a librarian and now increasingly searched directly by end-users. This article empirically examines the search strategies currently being used by researchers and other groups. College professors and educational researchers appear to be doing a better job searching the database than other ERIC patrons. However, the study suggests that most end-users should be using much better search strategies.

  13. Fractal dimensions the digital art of Eric Hammel

    CERN Document Server

    Hammel, Eric


    The concept behind fractal geometry is extremely difficult to explain . . . but easy to see and enjoy. Eric Hammel, a professional author of military history books, is unable to explain fractals in a way that will be clear to anyone else, but most mathematicians can't explain fractals in language most people can understand. The simplest explanation is that fractals are graphic representations of high-order mathematical formulas that repeat patterns to infinity.Don't get hung up on the math. It's really all in the seeing. Like Volume 1 of Eric Hammel's Fractal Dimensions, Volume 2 is filled wit

  14. Recent International Documents and Journal Articles from the ERIC Database. (United States)

    Rothenberg, Dianne


    Summarizes ERIC documents on grandparents, the Situation Approach in Asia, and educating young children in a diverse society. Summarizes nine journal articles on child care, parenting, education, kindergarten and nursery schools, hearing-impaired children, and social policy in China, Australia, and various countries in Europe, Latin America, and…

  15. The Great Depression: An ERIC/ChESS Sample. (United States)

    Kulczak, Carrie


    Provides citations with abstracts from the ERIC database focusing on the Great Depression. Includes both background information and teaching materials on such topics as an overview of the New Deal, the arts and the Great Depression, and information on the Civilian Conservation Corps. Offers directions for accessing the materials. (CMK)

  16. National Standards for Civics and Government. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Bahmueller, Charles F.

    This ERIC digest discusses the National Standards for Civics and Government for students from grades K-12. The Standards are organized around five central questions dealing with the following subjects: (1) the nature and necessity of government; (2) the foundations of American constitutionalism; (3) the functioning of American government and the…

  17. Television Violence and Children. ERIC/EECE Report. (United States)

    Cesarone, Bernard


    Summarizes 12 recent documents and journal articles from the ERIC database that discuss topics related to television violence and children. Articles cited address the effects of television violence on child behavior and attitudes at school and home, and methods of reducing the impact of television on children. (JPB)

  18. Rural Youth Expectations: A Selected Topics Bibliography of ERIC Documents. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Las Cruces, NM.

    One of a series on selected topics, this bibliography of resource materials and research findings is drawn from ERIC documents; the 42 citations on rural youth cover expectations and aspirations about education, occupation, residence, marriage, and procreation (several are historical change studies), and focus on such influences as race, sex,…

  19. Learning from a Sea Snail: Eric Kandel -86 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    level of which result in Parkinson's disease,. Eric Kandel was honoured for his extensive and invaluable contribution to our under- standing of the cellular and molecular mecha- nisms of learning and memory. If learning may be defined as the acquisition of information during the lifetime of an indi- vidual, which may be used ...

  20. The Korean War: An ERIC/ChESS Sample. (United States)

    Pinhey, Laura A.


    Provides a list of teaching materials and general background documents about the Korean War from the ERIC database. Offers directions for obtaining the full text of materials about the division of South and North Korea, the geography of Korea, and South Korea's economic development. (CMK)

  1. Kunst elada piiri peal / Eric Kluitenberg ; interv. Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kluitenberg, Eric


    Võrguteoreetik Eric Kluitenberg Amsterdamist valgustab 'Interstanding 3' 'Ülalpool piire' tagamaad ja seost Eestiga. Üritus toob Eestisse rahvusvahelisi tippteoreetikuid, kes analüüsivad elu piiri peal, ja kunstnikke, kes seda seisundit oma loomingus kajastavad. Osalema kutsutuid. Piiripealsuset seoses poliitika, interneti, meediaga, äärealadest.

  2. Marketing Perspectives for "ERIC-Like" Information Systems (United States)

    Kuehl, Philip G.


    An understanding of marketing'' can provide valuable insignts into the capability of success or failure of ERIC-Like information systems. Three marketing perspectives are examined that contribute to a better understanding of the role such systems can play in satisfying user needs (Author/KE)

  3. The Industrial Revolution: An ERIC/ChESS Sample. (United States)

    Pinhey, Laura A.


    Provides a list, from the ERIC database, of teaching materials and background information on the Industrial Revolution. Specific topics include life in Lowell (Massachusetts), the global impact of the Industrial Revolution, and England's Industrial Revolution. Offers directions for obtaining the full text of these materials. (CMK)

  4. The Gilded Age: An ERIC/ChESS Sample. (United States)

    Kelly, David


    Provides a list of teaching materials and general background information from the ERIC database on the Gilded Age and directions for obtaining the full text of these materials; topics include, but are not limited to, immigration, the 1896 presidential election, the Populist movement, the Industrial Revolution, urbanization, and the development of…

  5. Administrator Evaluation. The Best of ERIC Series, Number 1. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.

    This bibliography presents 23 annotated citations of documents and journal articles in the ERIC system dealing with various aspects of administrator evaluation. Materials range from overviews of current administrator evaluation philosophy and practice through manuals and guides for the evaluation of the performance of principals and…

  6. Eric Hobsbawm, sociólogo do milenarismo campesino Eric Hobsbawm, sociologist of peasant millenarianism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Löwy


    Full Text Available Graças à problemática do milenarismo, a historiografia de Eric Hobsbawm integra toda a riqueza da subjetividade sociocultural, a profundidade das crenças, sentimentos e emoções em sua análise dos acontecimentos históricos, que não são mais, nessa perspectiva, percebidos simplesmente como produtos do jogo "objetivo" das forças econômicas ou políticas. Ainda distinguindo cuidadosamente os milenarismos primitivos dos revolucionários modernos, não deixa de mostrar sua afinidade eletiva. Isso não quer dizer que todos os movimentos revolucionários sejam milenaristas em sentido estrito ou, pior todavia, que respondam a um quiliasmo de tipo primitivo. Isso não impede afirmar que a afinidade entre os dois seja um fato fundamental na história das revoltas camponesas contra a modernização capitalista. Trata-se de uma das hipóteses de investigação mais interessantes esquematizadas em seus trabalhos desta época. Hobs-bawm ilustra seus propósitos com dois estudos de caso apaixonantes: o anarquismo rural na Andaluzia e as ligas camponesas da Sicília, os dois surgidos em fins do século XIX com prolongamentos no XX.Thanks to the problematic of millenarianism, Eric Hobsbawm's historiography incorporates all the richness of socio-cultural subjectivity - the depth of beliefs, feelings and emotions - into his analysis of historical events, which, from this viewpoint, are no longer perceived simply as products of the "objective" interplay of economic or political forces. Although he makes a careful distinction between primitive millenarianisms and modern revolutionary movements, Hobsbawm nevertheless shows their elective affinity between them. This does not mean that all revolutionary movements are millenarian in the strict sense or - which is even worse - that they are connected to a primitive type of chiliasm. All the same, the affinity between them is a basic fact in the history of peasant revolts against capitalist modernization. This

  7. Ettevaatust, ohtlik elektrishokirelv! / Gunnar Press

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Press, Gunnar, 1957-


    Elektrishokirelva kasutuselevõtu arutelust seoses politseiseaduse ja sellega seonduvate seaduste muutmise eelnõuga. USA ajakirjanik Christopher Bollyn elektrishokirelvast. Lisatud: kas pooldate elektrishokirelva kasutuselevõttu? : vastavad justiitsminister Rein Lang, siseminister Jüri Pihl ja Riigikogu esimees Ene Ergma ; õiguskomisjoni piirangud

  8. ERIC Documents on Foreign Language Teaching and Linguistics: List Number 14. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 33. (United States)

    Eddy, Peter A.; McLane, Kathleen

    This is the fourteenth in a series of catalogues of ERIC documents of interest to teachers and researchers in foreign languages and linguistics. The list consists of documents processed into the ERIC system from April 1974 through December 1974, and is divided into categories adapted from the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages…

  9. Fans of Columbine shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold


    Andrew Ryan Rico


    On April 20, 1999, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold murdered 12 students and one teacher at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, in what was then the deadliest school shooting in American history. Despite causing a national panic and serving as a flash point for larger narratives on bullying, gun control, and media violence, both boys have gained active online fans. These fandoms dedicated to the Columbine shooters are widely referred to as dark examples of Internet communities, while t...

  10. Phenotypic characterization and ERIC-PCR based genotyping of Paenibacillus larvae isolates recovered from American foulbrood outbreaks in honey bees from Italy. (United States)

    Bassi, Stefano; Formato, Giovanni; Milito, Marcella; Trevisiol, Karin; Salogni, Cristian; Carra, Elena


    Paenibacillus larvae is the etiological agent of American foulbrood (AFB), a widespread and severe bacterial brood disease of honey bees. The genomic characterization of P. larvae strains by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) is able to differentiate four genotypes (ERIC I, ERIC II, ERIC III, ERIC IV). The information on the presence of P. larvae ERIC genotypes worldwide is few. We have characterized P. larvae strains isolated in Italy from AFB outbreaks to obtain information on ERIC genotypes and phenotypes of the strains circulating in the country. A total of 117 P. larvae isolates from 115 AFB outbreaks occurring in 2008-2012 were subjected to phenotypic and genetic characterization. The genomic characterization allowed the identification of ERIC I and ERIC II genotypes. Examining the data of Northern and Central Italy separately it was noted that in Northern Italy most outbreaks were caused by the ERIC I genotype (78.6%), followed by the ERIC II genotype (18.6%) and by co-infections (ERIC I + ERIC II) (2.6%). In Central Italy, only outbreaks caused by the ERIC I genotype were observed. With regard to phenotypic characteristics all examined strains of ERIC II genotype fermented fructose while no strains of ERIC I genotype possessed this ability. Both P. larvae ERIC I and ERIC II genotypes were isolated from the AFB outbreaks, but ERIC II genotype was isolated only in Northern Italy. The fermentation of fructose seems to be a genotype-specific biochemical marker.

  11. La Base de Donnees ERIC: Evaluation de Son Utilisation et Discussion des Choix du Systeme (The ERIC Database: An Evaluation of Its Use and a Discussion of the System Model). (United States)

    Malrieu, Denise


    This overview of the ERIC system begins with a brief history of the system; a description of the types and numbers of materials contained in the database; sources of types of information for educators that are not processed by ERIC; and the various publications and reference materials produced by and for the system. The analysis of ERIC usage in…

  12. Eric Bach : ilustrador de Luis de Góngora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Antigüedad del Castillo Olivares


    Full Text Available El pintor holandés Eric Bach [Eríurt (Alemania 1911] ha mostrado durante el año 1991 sus obras como ilustrador en sendas exposiciones celebradas en Córdoba y Madrid. El artista que reside indistintamente en Munich y Barcelona, expuso las ilustraciones que ha realizado para la edición en alemán de Los veinticuatro sonetos amorosos, heroicos y fúnebres de don Luis de Góngora, edición hecha por encargo del Sr. Rüdiger Kampmann de Munich.

  13. Eric Hobsbawm y su lectura marxista de la historia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilatowsky, Mauricio


    Full Text Available This paper presents a brief survey of the contributions made by the historian Eric Hobsbawm to the field of History and his Marxist stance, both in his academic work and political practice. According to the author, the circumstances in which the researchers live are determinant to their study; hence this analysis includes a review of his biography. This perspective discusses his interpretation of Marx and Marxism, his understanding of History, his militancy in the Communist Party, his Jewish identity, and how he addresses nationalism in relation to the study of capitalism.En este ensayo se presenta un breve estudio de las aportaciones del historiador Eric Hobsbawm en el campo de la historia y de sus posturas marxistas; tanto en su trabajo académico como en su práctica política. El análisis incluye una revisión de su biografía ya que según el autor los investigadores y su manera de investigar responden a las circunstancias que les toca vivir. Desde esta perspectiva se aborda su interpretación de Marx y del marxismo, su forma de entender la historia, su militancia en el Partido Comunista, su identidad judía y el tratamiento del nacionalismo en su relación con el estudio del capitalismo.

  14. "Innovation and Intellectual Property Policies in European Research Infrastructure Consortia - PART I: The Case of the European Spallation Source ERIC"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yu, Helen; Wested, Jakob; Minssen, Timo


    of the problems society is facing today. To facilitate the creation and operation of such RIs, the EU adopted legal frameworks for European Research Infrastructure Consortia (ERIC). On August 31, 2015, the European Spallation Source (ESS) was established as an ERIC. Under the ERIC Regulations and ESS Statutes......, the European Spallation Source ERIC is required to adopt various policy documents relating to the operation and management of the facility. These cover a wide variety of issues such as user access, public procurement, intellectual property rights (IPR), data management, and dissemination. One of the main goals...... international research collaborations? The complex relationship between scientific excellence, innovation, and IPRs must be carefully considered. Taking the European Spallation Source ERIC as an example, this article investigates ERIC Regulations and EU policies and discusses what issues and perspectives ERICs...

  15. Isabelle Alfandary. E.E. Cummings. Eric Athenot. Walt Whitman.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Suberchicot


    Full Text Available On doit louer Marc Chénetier pour avoir suscité l’écriture de ces deux volumes consacrés à Cummings et à Whitman, et encouragé ainsi les chercheurs à consacrer leurs travaux à la poésie américaine. Isabelle Alfandary et Eric Athenot s’acquittent avec passion et finesse de la tâche qui leur a été confiée de présenter une synthèse dans un espace relativement restreint. Dans les deux cas, nous sommes devant des ensembles littéraires ambitieux, quoique très différents, et nés d’époques qui ne se ...

  16. Photographer: Dominic Hart/Eric James Congressman Norm Mineta and Congresswomen Anna Escho Visit Bay (United States)


    Photographer: Dominic Hart/Eric James Congressman Norm Mineta and Congresswomen Anna Escho Visit Bay Area & Monte Vista High School, Cupertino, California to promote communications superhighway along with VP Al Gore

  17. Physics and medicine: at Erice the new perspectives of an ancient cooperation

    CERN Multimedia


    From April the 15th to the 17th, at Ettore Majorana Foundation in Erice, in the context of the International School on Physics and Industry, there will be a congress entitled "Particle accelerators and detectors: from physics to medicine".

  18. A Selected ERIC Bibliography on Teaching English as a Second Language to the Illiterate. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 25. (United States)

    Joseph, Grace, Comp.; And Others

    This annotated bibliography consists of materials in the ERIC system that deal with teaching English as a second language to persons who are illiterate, or functionally illiterate, in their native language. The items in the bibliography were obtained by means of a computer search of "Currnt Index to Journals in Education" and "Resources in…

  19. Fans of Columbine shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Ryan Rico


    Full Text Available On April 20, 1999, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold murdered 12 students and one teacher at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, in what was then the deadliest school shooting in American history. Despite causing a national panic and serving as a flash point for larger narratives on bullying, gun control, and media violence, both boys have gained active online fans. These fandoms dedicated to the Columbine shooters are widely referred to as dark examples of Internet communities, while the fans are also frequently denigrated as unstable and violent outcasts. Such dark online fandoms are yet to permeate mainstream culture or to challenge the preexisting perception of these communities as breeding grounds for the next wave of school shooters. While studies have covered the types of fans and their myriad interests, the field remains focused on more conventional examples of fan communities. In an effort to challenge and expand the object of focus when we study fandom, this qualitative study examines Columbine fans and their activity in order to understand the dominant motives they appear to have for engaging with and around such controversial figures and then concludes by exploring how this community might help us reflect more broadly on our concept of fandom. Redeeming these fans as part of diverse and complex communities of social relevance can demonstrate how even a dark fandom such as that of these Columbine shooters provides valuable cultural insights and benefits the field of fan studies.

  20. Eric Hermelin and mystical hermeneutics: interpretation beyond itself

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Hamrin


    Full Text Available Eric Hermelin (1860-1944 translated more than 10.000 pages Persian Sufi poetry, German texts by Jakob Böhme and Latin texts by Emmanuel Swedenborg. In the translation process Hermelin shaped his strategies and perceptions in ways which served their patterns of desire, and what they constructed reflected and served their own unique identity. Added up, the devices which constitute strategies of reading set in motion by the selfs defense of its identity are: Defenses, Expectations, Fantasies, and Transformations. Hermelin's mystical hermeneutics produced not only understanding of texts, but often no less produced an increased awareness, with appropriate hermeneutical sensitivity, of self-perception and self-identity. A self-awareness and a strengthening of an individual and corporate identity as one who has a stake in the texts and that to which they bear witness constitutes an important reader-effect in this case of Sufi poetry. But without any principle of suspicion, in Gadamer's terminology a premature fusion of horizons will take place before Hermelin has listened in openness with respect for the tension between the horizons of the text and the horizon of Hermelin. The textual horizon has col-lapsed into that of Hermelin's narrative biography, and is unable to do more than to speak back his own valnes and desires. Something socio-pragmatical was after all woven into the controversial bon vivant, when he used literary works to replicate himself. At the same time, the texts spoke from beyond the self.

  1. Meeting Ontario's Need for Educational Information: An Evaluation of the SDC/ERIC On-Line Bibliographic Search Service. (United States)

    Auster, Ethel; Lawton, Stephen B.

    Using an opportunity to test the latest developments of computerized retrieval of Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) data, various aspects of the ERIC system that had previously gone unexamined were explored. The test of the system, which involved the use of an on-line computer terminal, is documented. Investigators were concerned…

  2. Professor Eric Can't See: A Project-Based Learning Case for Neurobiology Students. (United States)

    Ogilvie, Judith Mosinger; Ribbens, Eric


    "Professor Eric Can't See" is a semi-biographical case study written for an upper level undergraduate Neurobiology of Disease course. The case is integrated into a unit using a project-based learning approach to investigate the retinal degenerative disorder Retinitis pigmentosa and the visual system. Some case study scenes provide specific questions for student discussion and problem-based learning, while others provide background for student inquiry and related active learning exercises. The case was adapted from "'Chemical Eric' Can't See," and could be adapted for courses in general neuroscience or sensory neuroscience.

  3. Saladusi mäletavad pildid : järelvaade Eric Soovere fotograafilisele dokumentalistikale / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-


    Ameerikas elanud eesti fotograafi Eric Soovere (sünd. Erich Soeson, 1916-2008) eluloolisi andmeid. Tema loomingust, mis jaguneb kolme perioodi: etnograafiline fotokooslus Lõuna-Eesti külaelanikest (1930ndate lõpp), Sooverede perekonna põgenemisteekond Eestist USA-sse (ca 1944-1949), perekonna elu Cincinnatis USA-s (1950ndad). Fotod eestlaste põgenemisteekonnast on avaldatud raamatus Eric Soovere. Käru ja kaameraga : pilte ja päevikulehti põgenemisteelt 1944-1949. Tallinn : Olion, 1999

  4. Vodka v Tallinne notshju stoit 200 kron / Konstantin Morenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morenko, Konstantin


    Ajakirjaniku uurimuse kohaselt on Tallinnas ka peale öise alkoholimüügi keelu jõustumist öösel võimalik eriliste raskusteta alkoholi osta. Kommenteerib Põhja politseiprefektuuri konstaabel Eilar Saar. Lisa: Tallinna linnavolikogu määrus 30. juuni 2004

  5. EMSO ERIC - Ocean Consortium Facility for Europe and the World (United States)

    Best, Mairi


    EMSO is forging ahead through the next challenge in Earth-Ocean Science: How to co-ordinate ocean data acquisition, analysis and response across provincial, national, regional, and global scales. EMSO provides power, communications, sensors, and data infrastructure for continuous, high resolution, real-time, interactive ocean observations across a truly multi- and interdisciplinary range of research areas including biology, geology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and computer science; from polar to tropical environments, through the water column down to the abyss. 11 deep sea and 4 shallow nodes span from Arctic through the Atlantic and Mediterranean, to the Black Sea. The EMSO Preparatory Phase (FP7) project led to the Interim phase (involving 13 countries) of forming the legal entity: the EMSO European Research Infrastructure Consortium (EMSO-ERIC)-officially created by the EC in 2016. The open user community, originally developed through ESONET (European Seafloor Observatory NETwork), follows on scientific community planning contributions of the ESONET-NoE (FP6) project. Further progress made through the FixO3 project (FP7) also contributes to this shared infrastructure. Coordination among nodes is being strengthened through the EMSOdev project (H2020) which is producing the EMSO Generic Instrument Module (EGIM) - standardised observations of temperature, pressure, salinity, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, chlorophyll fluorescence, currents, passive acoustics, pH, pCO2, and nutrients. Early installations are now being upgraded; in October 2015 EMSO-France deployed a second cable and junction box serving the Ligurian Sea Node in order to monitor slope stability offshore Nice; in 2016 the EMSO Azores Node receives a major upgrade that will double its observing capacity; for EMSO-Italia the Capo Passero site is being installed and the Catania site is being upgraded. EMSOLINK will continue the expansion work. EMSO is a key player in international coordination

  6. Automating the School Library Media Center. A Select ERIC Bibliography. Mini-Bib. (United States)

    Preston, Nancy R., Comp.

    This 13-item annotated bibliography was compiled through a search of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) database using the following descriptors: Library Automation, Bibliographic Databases, Bibliographic Utilities, Online Catalogs, Machine Readable Cataloging, and Integrated Library Systems. Among the issues addressed are the…

  7. Reflecting on Attention-Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder and Disablement in Education with Eric Fromm (United States)

    Veck, Wayne


    Drawing upon the thought of Eric Fromm, this paper argues that efforts to understand and counter behaviour that causes difficulties in education should begin in a critical and reflective engagement with both the conditions of human freedom and the character of educational institutions and society as a whole. Fromm's critique of dominating ideas…

  8. Human Relations in the Schools, Sensitivity Training, and Self-Image Enhancement: Abstracts of ERIC Documents. (United States)

    Harvey, Robert, Comp.; Denby, Robert V., Comp.

    This bibliography is comprised of abstracts of 115 ERIC documents (reports, books, articles, and speeches) on human relations activities for the schools, including sensitivity training and self-image enhancement activities. Six sections cover (1) background material on human relations, (2) general material on the need for intergroup activities,…

  9. Bibliometric Characteristics of Articles on Key Competences Indexed in ERIC from 1990 to 2013 (United States)

    Buscà Donet, Francesc; Ambròs Pallares, Alba; Burset Burillo, Sílvia


    This paper analyses the bibliometric characteristics of 616 journal articles on key competences indexed in ERIC in a 23-year-period following documentary analysis. This observation method allowed us to highlight key elements like the population, educational level, topics, etc. to focus whether this literature contributes towards implementing…

  10. Teaching about World War II: An ERIC/ChESS Sample. (United States)

    Schlene, Vickie L.


    Presents nine documents from the ERIC database dealing with teaching about World War II. Includes articles addressing the lessons of Pearl Harbor, the Holocaust, the wartime internment of Japanese Americans, industry's response to the war, and the moral lessons of Nazism. (SG)

  11. 77 FR 33267 - Eric Temple-Control Exemption-Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Eric Temple--Control Exemption--Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC... verified notice of exemption to acquire direct control of Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC (PVJR...

  12. 77 FR 10618 - Eric Temple-Control Exemption-Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC (United States)


    ... Surface Transportation Board Eric Temple--Control Exemption--Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC... direct control of Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC (PVJR), a wholly owned subsidiary of Columbia..., Columbia Basin R.R., Cent. Wash. R.R. and Portland Vancouver Junction R.R.--Corporate Family Transaction...

  13. Teaching and Learning in the Multigrade Classroom: Student Performance and Instructional Routines. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Miller, Bruce

    This ERIC digest reviews the history of the multigrade classroom, and summarizes research findings on multigrading effects on achievement and attitude. It also states requirements of teaching and learning in multigrade classrooms. Multigrade classrooms have ranged from the one-room schools of the early 1900s to the ungraded classroom of the 1960s…

  14. Reading Recovery Research, 1986-1992: Citations and Abstracts from the ERIC Database. (United States)

    Denner, Michael, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography of material from the ERIC database presents 48 annotations on the topic of research on Reading Recovery. The bibliography begins with: (1) a 2-page Education Research Consumer Guide entitled "Reading Recovery" (which defines the topic and answers some pertinent questions about it; and (2) a sample ERIC…

  15. Japanese-English Educational-Use Keyword Equivalents Selected from ERIC Descriptors--9th Edition. (United States)

    Aichi Univ. of Education, Japan. Center for Educational Technology.

    This book lists 4,876 descriptors selected from the Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 9th Edition, with their Japanese language equivalents. It was prepared by personnel of the Center for Educational Technology at Aichi University of Education, which, since 1978, in cooperation with Unesco's Asian Programme of Educational Innovation for Development…

  16. Gregory Bateson and Eric Voegelin – Silent Dialogues across the Human Sciences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn


    This article argues that two important thinkers of the 20th century, Gregory Bateson (1904-1980) and Eric Voegelin (1901-1985), developed a set of ideas that are of importance to the history of the human sciences. The article also argues that their ideas display similarities that have not yet bee...

  17. Finding Education and Training Technology: A Gap between ERIC and NTIS. (United States)

    Bush, Clesson B.


    Shows civilian applications for Department of Defense education and training efforts and instructional technology. A search showing a gap between the ERIC and NTIS (National Technical Information Service) databases covering government documents is described. Suggestions for additional research and an overview of federal statutes which include…

  18. Freedom of Speech: A Clear and Present Need to Teach. ERIC Report. (United States)

    Boileau, Don M.


    Presents annotations of 21 documents in the ERIC system on the following subjects: (1) theory of freedom of speech; (2) theorists; (3) research on freedom of speech; (4) broadcasting and freedom of speech; and (5) international questions of freedom of speech. (PD)

  19. Learning about the Human Genome. Part 2: Resources for Science Educators. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Haury, David L.

    This ERIC Digest identifies how the human genome project fits into the "National Science Education Standards" and lists Human Genome Project Web sites found on the World Wide Web. It is a resource companion to "Learning about the Human Genome. Part 1: Challenge to Science Educators" (Haury 2001). The Web resources and…

  20. Radio in Foreign Language Education. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 11. (United States)

    Nelson, Robert J.; Wood, Richard E.

    The present study is an updating of Robert J. Nelson's ERIC Focus Report No. 11 (1969) "Using Radio to Develop and Maintain Competence in a Foreign Language." Two major areas are examined: (1) the concepts behind the use of radio in language teaching and how this application of radio reflects changes in the theory and practice of foreign language…

  1. Bryophytes collected in Mauritius by Gunnar Erdtman


    Een, Gillis


    This small collection contained 8 species of mosses and 3 species of hepatics. Leucobryum boryanum is new to Mauritius but previously known from Réunion. A sample from the seldom visited small island of Ile aux Aigrettes, close to Mauritius, is of particular interest.

  2. Kõrghariduse astmete korrastamine Bologna protsessis / Gunnar Vaht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaht, Gunnar


    1999. aastal kinnitasid Euroopa haridusministrid Bolognas vajadust luua Euroopa ühtne kõrgharidusruum, mis seab eesmärgiks omavahel võrreldavad kõrgharidusastmed, selgelt mõistetavad kvalifikatsioonid, ühtsed kõrghariduse kvaliteedi hindamise ja õpingute mahtu arvestavad põhimõtted. Euroopa kõrgharidussüsteemides valitseb kas ühe- või kaheastmeline üldsüsteem. Kaheastmelise süsteemi aluseks on angloameerika (ka anglosaksi) mudeli Bachelor-Master-üldsüsteem või, nagu Bologna deklaratsioonis nimetatud, undergraduate-graduate-süsteem

  3. Eesti energeetika praegune reaalsus / Gunnar Okk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Okk, Gunnar, 1960-


    Autor analüüsib Eesti energeetikavaldkonna peaeesmärke ning leiab, et pikemaajaliste eesmärkide seadmisel peaks Eesti arvestama Euroopa energiaturul toimuvaga ja California energiakriisist saadud õppetunniga. Diagramm: Eesti tarbeks võrku antava elektrienergia prognoos aastani 2020

  4. Energiasõja kolm tasandit / Gunnar Okk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Okk, Gunnar, 1960-


    Eesti Energia juhatuse esimehe sõnul käib energiasõda ressursside üle kontrolli saavutamiseks, elektrigigandid võitlevad mõjuvõimu pärast, mida pakub avatud turg. Venemaa käes on hoob, millega mõjutada Euroopa majanduskasvu. Eesti olukorrast energiasõjas. Kaart, diagramm: Elektri tootmine ja tarbimine maailmas

  5. Evaluation of the ERIC-PCR as a probable method to differentiate Avibacterium paragallinarum serovars. (United States)

    Hellmuth, Julius Eduard; Hitzeroth, Arina Corli; Bragg, Robert Richard; Boucher, Charlotte Enastacia


    Infectious coryza, an upper respiratory tract disease in chickens, caused by Avibacterium paragallinarum, leads to huge economic losses. The disease is controlled through vaccination; but vaccination efficacy is dependent on correct identification of the infecting serovar, as limited cross-protection is reported amongst some serovars. Current identification methods include the heamagglutination inhibition test, which is demanding and could be subjective. To overcome this, molecular typing methods proposed are the Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism-PCR, but low reproducibility is reported. Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus (ERIC)-PCR has been suggested for molecular groupings of various bacterial species. This study focuses on evaluating the ERIC-PCR as a probable method to differentiate between different Av. paragallinarum serovars by grouping with reference isolates, based on clonal relations. The ERIC-PCR was performed on 12 reference isolates and 41 field isolates originating from South Africa and South America. The data indicate that the ERIC-PCR is not ideal for the differentiation or for molecular typing of Av. paragallinarum serovars, as no correlation is drawn upon comparison of banding patterns of field isolates and reference strains. However, the results do indicate isolates from the same origin sharing unique banding patterns, indicating potential clonal relationship; but when compared to the reference isolates dominant in the specific area, no correlation could be drawn. Furthermore, although the ERIC-PCR serves a purpose in epidemiological studies, it has proved to have little application in differentiating amongst serovars of Av. paragallinarum and to group untyped field strains with known reference strains.

  6. "Innovation and Intellectual Property Policies in European Research Infrastructure Consortia - PART I: The Case of the European Spallation Source ERIC"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yu, Helen; Wested, Jakob; Minssen, Timo


    Research and innovation are key pillars of the EU’s strategy to create sustainable growth and prosperity in Europe. Research infrastructures (RIs) are central instruments to implement this strategy. They bring together a wide diversity of expertise and interests to look for solutions to many...... of the problems society is facing today. To facilitate the creation and operation of such RIs, the EU adopted legal frameworks for European Research Infrastructure Consortia (ERIC). On August 31, 2015, the European Spallation Source (ESS) was established as an ERIC. Under the ERIC Regulations and ESS Statutes......, the European Spallation Source ERIC is required to adopt various policy documents relating to the operation and management of the facility. These cover a wide variety of issues such as user access, public procurement, intellectual property rights (IPR), data management, and dissemination. One of the main goals...

  7. Interview with eric R. Kandel: from memory, free will, and the problem with Freud to fortunate decisions. (United States)

    Kandel, Eric R


    Eric R. Kandel shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Arvid Carlsson and Paul Greengard in 2000 for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system. Eric Kandel was rewarded for his discoveries of molecular mechanisms underlying learning and memory. He is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Senior Investigator at Columbia Universities Center for Neurobiology and Behavior. In this interview given at Hertie Foundation's Neuroforum 2008 on April 18, 2008 in Frankfurt, Germany, Nobel Prize Laureate Eric R. Kandel takes us on an enlighting journey ranging from memory, free will, the problem with Freud , to scientific challenges and the rise of European science. Starting with short- and long-term memory basics, underlying molecular mechanisms, and events affecting the formation of long-term memory, Eric Kandel then shares his thoughts on the issue of free will and makes a strong case for its existence. In addition to his outstanding scientific career, Eric Kandel developed an interest in business and today serves as scientific advisor at Memory Pharmaceuticals. Eric Kandel then talks about the use and abuse of drugs in children and the merging of scientific disciplines. In one of the most intriguing parts of the interview, Kandel shares his thoughts on Freud, Freud's mistakes, and the unique situation that the generations following Freud did not develop Freud's work further. The interview then turns to more scientific aspects and Eric Kandel talks about his confidence and courage during the initial phases of his scientific career, studying learning and memory, and employing a strictly reductionistic approach, best characterized by his simple model organism Aplysia. Eric Kandel then describes one of the most challenging phases in his scientific career when adult neurogenesis was discovered in the hippocampus, a structure so integral to Kandel's work. The final parts of the interview cover today's absence of epic battles and

  8. On measurements of Effective Residual Ink Concentration (ERIC) of deinked papers using Kubelka-Munk theory (United States)

    D.W. Vahey; J.Y. Zhu; C.J. Houtman


    The measurement of effective residual ink concentration (ERIC) in recycled papers depends on their opacity. For opacity less than 97.0%, the method is based on application of the Kubelka-Munk theory to diffuse reflection from papers measured once with a black backing and again with a thick backing of the same papers. At opacities above 97.0%, the two reflection values...

  9. Eric Kandel's Reductionism in Art and Brain Science - Bridging the Two Cultures. (United States)

    Bilsky, Ed


    Reductive art is a term to describe an artistic style or an aesthetic, rather than an art movement. It is stripping down as a new way of seeing. Movements and other terms that are sometimes associated with reductive art include abstract art, minimalism, ABC art, anti-illusionism, cool art, and rejective art. Eric Kandel's fifth book focuses on reductionism as the principle guiding an ongoing dialogue between the worlds of science and art.

  10. Escaping institutionality: rebellion and gendered space in Eric, or Little by Little and A Little Princess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim, Soyoun


    Full Text Available By the convention of nineteenth-century school narratives, students are supposed to grow up in the school while their characters are being molded by the standardized educational system. Eric, or Little by Little and A Little Princess both resist the very idea of linear growth that is a trope of the Bildungsroman through endowing their protagonists with the rebelliousness and outsider status of the unruly child. This essay examines how Eric Williams and Sara Crewe, disobedient students who leave their schools after deriving no benefit from the institutional education, illuminate the ways in which institutionality is incorporated with the gendered agendas of nineteenth-century England. Eric and Sara both challenge the authority of the central adult in each tale by exploiting and changing the interior space of the schools; not only the inner structures of each school but also the connection/disconnection between school and home differ in the two stories. My proposition is that in the nineteenth-century school narratives discipline and character-building in the institution are not viewed as inevitable in reaching adulthood for girls, while for boys there is neither exit from the institutionality nor way to recover their lost home and childhood.

  11. Setting the stage for the EPOS ERIC: Integration of the legal, governance and financial framework (United States)

    Atakan, Kuvvet; Bazin, Pierre-Louis; Bozzoli, Sabrina; Freda, Carmela; Giardini, Domenico; Hoffmann, Thomas; Kohler, Elisabeth; Kontkanen, Pirjo; Lauterjung, Jörn; Pedersen, Helle; Saleh, Kauzar; Sangianantoni, Agata


    EPOS - the European Plate Observing System - is the ESFRI infrastructure serving the need of the solid Earth science community at large. The EPOS mission is to create a single sustainable, and distributed infrastructure that integrates the diverse European Research Infrastructures for solid Earth science under a common framework. Thematic Core Services (TCS) and Integrated Core Services (Central Hub, ICS-C and Distributed, ICS-D) are key elements, together with NRIs (National Research Infrastructures), in the EPOS architecture. Following the preparatory phase, EPOS has initiated formal steps to adopt an ERIC legal framework (European Research Infrastructure Consortium). The statutory seat of EPOS will be in Rome, Italy, while the ICS-C will be jointly operated by France, UK and Denmark. The TCS planned so far cover: seismology, near-fault observatories, GNSS data and products, volcano observations, satellite data, geomagnetic observations, anthropogenic hazards, geological information modelling, multiscale laboratories and geo-energy test beds for low carbon energy. In the ERIC process, EPOS and all its services must achieve sustainability from a legal, governance, financial, and technical point of view, as well as full harmonization with national infrastructure roadmaps. As EPOS is a distributed infrastructure, the TCSs have to be linked to the future EPOS ERIC from legal and governance perspectives. For this purpose the TCSs have started to organize themselves as consortia and negotiate agreements to define the roles of the different actors in the consortium as well as their commitment to contribute to the EPOS activities. The link to the EPOS ERIC shall be made by service agreements of dedicated Service Providers. A common EPOS data policy has also been developed, based on the general principles of Open Access and paying careful attention to licensing issues, quality control, and intellectual property rights, which shall apply to the data, data products

  12. Covert radar and signals interception the secret career of Eric Ackermann

    CERN Document Server

    Hayson, David


    Of German stock dating back to 1530 in Saxony, Eric George Ackermann GM was born on the Isle of Wight in 1919 and became a leading figure in the world of signals and electronic intelligence. As a Junior Scientific Officer at the Telecommunication Research Establishment, Boscombe Down, with an honorary commission in the Royal Air Force, he made numerous flights over occupied territory searching for, monitoring and destroying Germany's Wuerzburg, Knickebein and X Band radar systems. Much of his research was passed to the highest levels of wartime government, and was highly prized, ensuring that

  13. Balancing Biography and Institutional History: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Cushing


    Full Text Available When a young naturalist opened his new wildlife park at Wyoming on the NSW Central Coast in the late 1950s, he gave it his own name: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park. Through the park, Worrell made a significant contribution to environmental education, the development of knowledge of captive animal care and display and the provision of antivenoms for the bites of a range of dangerous creatures. More than this, it was the geographic and emotional centre of Worrell’s world: the fulfilment of a childhood dream, a home for his family and a site for forming new personal and professional relationships. In preparation for the jubilee of the park, its history is being written by two academics from the University of Newcastle. An attractive means of creating the necessary narrative structure and human interest to ensure the wide appeal of this history is to follow Worrell’s lead and place his life at the centre of this institutional history. This is the direction suggested by the written sources on the park and it is accentuated by many of our oral informants who organise their memories of the park around Worrell. To what extent can an institutional history be a biography of the person at the heart of that institution? Is it possible to disentangle the life from the institution? This article offers some preliminary answers to these questions through a case study of the writing of a history of Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park.

  14. ERIC-PCR Genotyping of Some Campylobacter jejuni Isolates of Chicken and Human Origin in Egypt. (United States)

    Ahmed, Heba A; El Hofy, Fatma I; Ammar, Ahmed M; Abd El Tawab, Ashraf A; Hefny, Ahmed A


    The public health importance of the genus Campylobacter is attributed to several species causing diarrhea in consumers. Poultry and their meat are considered the most important sources of human campylobacteriosis. In this study, 287 samples from chicken (131 cloacal swabs, 39 chicken skin, 78 chicken meat, and 39 cecal parts) obtained from retail outlets as well as 246 stool swabs from gastroenteritis patients were examined. A representative number of the biochemically identified Campylobacter jejuni isolates were identified by real-time PCR, confirming the identification of the isolates as C. jejuni. Genotyping of the examined isolates (n = 31) by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR (ERIC-PCR) revealed a high discriminatory index of ERIC-PCR (D = 0.948), dividing C. jejuni isolates of chicken and human origins into 18 profiles and four clusters. The 18 profiles obtained indicated the heterogeneity of C. jejuni. Dendrogram analysis showed that four clusters were generated; all human isolates fell into clusters I and III. These observations further support the existence of a genetic relationship between human and poultry isolates examined in the present study. In conclusion, the results obtained support the speculation that poultry and poultry meat have an important role as sources of infection in the acquisition of Campylobacter infection in humans.

  15. Molecular typing of uropathogenic E. coli strains by the ERIC-PCR method. (United States)

    Ardakani, Maryam Afkhami; Ranjbar, Reza


    Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most common cause of urinary infections in hospitals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ERIC-PCR method for molecular typing of uropathogenic E. coli strains isolated from hospitalized patients. In a cross sectional study, 98 E. coli samples were collected from urine samples taken from patients admitted to Baqiyatallah Hospital from June 2014 to January 2015. The disk agar diffusion method was used to determine antibiotic sensitivity. DNA proliferation based on repetitive intergenic consensus was used to classify the E. coli strains. The products of proliferation were electrophoresed on 1.5% agarose gel, and their dendrograms were drawn. The data were analyzed by online Insillico software. The method used in this research proliferated numerous bands (4-17 bands), ranging from 100 to 3000 base pairs. The detected strains were classified into six clusters (E1-E6) with 70% similarity between them. In this study, uropathogenic E. coli strains belonged to different genotypic clusters. It was found that ERIC-PCR had good differentiation power for molecular typing of uropathogenic E. coli strains isolated from the patients in the study.

  16. Introduction: Eric Davidson and the molecular biology of evolution and development. (United States)

    Morange, Michel; Deichmann, Ute


    Between November 30th and December 2nd, 2015, the Jacques Loeb Centre for the History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beer Sheva (Israel) held its Eighth International Workshop under the title "From Genome to Gene: Causality, Synthesis and Evolution". Eric Davidson, the founder of the concept of developmental Gene Regulatory Networks, had regularly attended the previous meetings, and his participation in this one was expected, but he suddenly passed away 3 months before. In this paper, we provide an introduction and overview on five papers that were presented at the workshop and examine the importance of genomes and gene regulatory networks in extant biology, developmental biology, evolutionary biology and medicine, as well as a collection of remembrances of Eric Davidson, of his personality as well as of his scientific contributions. Historical perspectives are provided, and the ethical issues raised by the new tools developed to modify the genome are also discussed.

  17. "Innovation and Intellectual Property Policies in European Research Infrastructure Consortia - PART I: The Case of the European Spallation Source ERIC"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yu, Helen; Wested, Jakob; Minssen, Timo


    , the European Spallation Source ERIC is required to adopt various policy documents relating to the operation and management of the facility. These cover a wide variety of issues such as user access, public procurement, intellectual property rights (IPR), data management, and dissemination. One of the main goals...

  18. Adamson-Eric 100 : XX sajandi kunsti- ja kultuurilugu ühe inimsaatuse kaudu / Ülle Kruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruus, Ülle


    Näitus "Adamson-Eric 100" Eesti Kunstimuuseumi Rüütelkonna hoones ja Adamson-Ericu muuseumis. Koostajad Ülle Kruus, Kersti Koll, Hanno Soans, kujundajad Leonhard Lapin (EKM), Jaak Soans (Adamson-Ericu muuseum). Adamson-Ericu teosed väljaspool Eestit ja Eestisse tagasi jõudnud tööd

  19. Molecular typing among beef isolates of Escherichia coli using consensus repetitive intergenic enterobacteria-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) (United States)

    Zoolkifli, Nurliyana Wan; Mutalib, Sahilah Abd


    Genomic DNA of Escherichia coli were characterized by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-Polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) and the presence of Shiga toxin gene-I (Stx1) and Shiga toxin gene-2 (Stx2). These isolates were originated from imported raw beef which are come from two countries namely Australia and India. The isolation of E. coli was conducted by using Eosin Methylene Blue Agar (EMBA). A total of 94 strains had been isolated from 30 samples of imported raw beefand 42 strains had been detected positively E. coli by doing biochemical tests. All strains had been tested and the results of biochemical tests showed that 3 strains were from Australia samples while the other 39 strains were from India samples. The biochemical tests used are Indole test, Methyl Red test, Voges-Proskauer test and Citrate test. All the 42 strains were examined for Shiga toxin (stx1 and stx2) gene detection by two pair primers which are stx2F (5'-TTCTTCGGTATCCTATTCCC-3'), stx2R (5'-ATGCATCTCTGGTCATTGTA-3'), stx1F (5'-CAGTTAATGTGGTGGCGAAG-3'), and stx1R (5'-CTGTCACAGTAACAACCGT-3'). The results showed that none of the strains are positive for Shiga toxin gene. Application of ERIC-PCR method towards E. coli had successfully shown the high diversity polymorphism in 21 different genome types of DNA with primers ERIC1R (5'- CACTTAGGGGTCCTCGAATGTA- 3') and ERIC2R (5'- AAGTAAGTGACTGGGGTGACGC- 3').

  20. How ERIC Can Help Librarians in Rural Areas Meet the Information Needs of Teachers, Administrators, and Students. (United States)

    Connolly, Laura H.

    This pamphlet discusses some of the information needs of rural schools, offers ideas on how to educate rural librarians and other rural educators about ERIC, illustrates how to successfully use the system, enumerates the kind of materials and equipment needed, stresses cooperation among rural educators, lists addresses and telephone numbers where…

  1. Intestinal microbial community diversity between healthy and orally infected rabbit with Entamoeba histolytica by ERIC-PCR. (United States)

    He, Guang-Zhi; Deng, Shu-Xuan; Qian, Ning


    Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR was applied to analyze the difference of intestinal microbial community diversity between healthy and orally infected rabbits with Entamoeba histolytica. The dynamic changes in different parts of digestive system including the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, caecum, and rectum in healthy and infected rabbits at different time points were also tested. The intestinal microbial community of the control healthy rabbits was steady, and the total number of ERIC-PCR bands in the control healthy rabbit was the least in the rectum and the most in the caecum. ERIC-PCR bands of orally inoculated rabbits did not obviously change until 24 h after postinoculation (p.i.). The numbers of the ERIC-PCR bands gradually decreased from 24 to 72 h p.i., and then, with the development of disease, the band numbers gradually increased until 6 days p.i. Sequence analysis showed that the nucleotide sequence homologies of the fragment about 1,200 bp of infected ileum sampled at 32 h p.i. were above 95 % with Sinorhizobium meliloti enterobacterial, Erwinia amylovora and Salmonella typhimurium, and the nucleotide sequence homologies of the fragment about 300 bp of infected ileum sampled at 48 h p.i. were more than 90 % with Xanthomonas campestris enterobacterial, Yersinia enterocolitica subsp., Shigella flexneri, S. meliloti enterobacterial, Yersinia pestis, Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp., and Escherichia coli. The prominent bacteria had changed after E. histolytica infection. The DNAstar of staple of ERIC-PCR showed that aerobe and facultative aerobe (E. coli, Shigella, and Salmonella) became preponderant bacilli in the intestine of orally infected rabbits with E. histolytica.

  2. Strategies for Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in Urban Areas: The Erice 50 Charter. (United States)

    D'Alessandro, D; Arletti, S; Azara, A; Buffoli, M; Capasso, L; Cappuccitti, A; Casuccio, A; Cecchini, A; Costa, G; De Martino, A M; Dettori, M; Di Rosa, E; Fara, G M; Ferrante, M; Giammanco, G; Lauria, A; Melis, G; Moscato, U; Oberti, I; Patrizio, C; Petronio, M G; Rebecchi, A; Romano Spica, V; Settimo, G; Signorelli, C; Capolongo, S


    The Erice 50 Charter titled "Strategies for Diseases Prevention and Health Promotion in Urban Areas" was unanimously approved at the conclusion of the 50th Residential Course "Urban Health. Instruments for promoting health and for assessing hygienic and sanitary conditions in urban areas", held from 29th March to 2nd April 2017 in Erice, at the "Ettore Majorana" Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture and promoted by the International School of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine "G. D'Alessandro" and the Study Group "Building Hygiene" of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (SItI). At the conclusion of the intense learning experience during the Course, with more than 20 lectures, workshops and long-lasting discussions between Professors and Students, the participants identified the major points connecting urban features and Public Health, claiming the pivotal role of urban planning strategies for the management of Diseases Prevention and Health Promotion activities. The Erice 50 Charter is configured as a Decalogue for Healthy Cities and as a Think Tank for designing effective strategic actions and best practices to develop urban regeneration interventions and improve the urban quality of contemporary cities. The Decalogue is structured into the following key strategic objectives: 1. Promoting urban planning interventions that address citizens towards healthy behaviours; 2. Improving living conditions in the urban context; 3. Building an accessible and inclusive city, with a special focus on the frail population; 4. Encouraging the foundation of resilient urban areas; 5. Supporting the development of new economies and employment through urban renewal interventions; 6. Tackling social inequalities; 7. Improving stakeholders' awareness of the factors affecting Public Health in the cities; 8. Ensuring a participated urban governance; 9. Introducing qualitative and quantitative performance tools, capable of measuring the city

  3. Debating Modernity as Secular Religion: Hans Kelsen’s futile exchange with Eric Voegelin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn


    This article reviews the mysterious and recently published last book by Hans Kelsen, “Secular Religion. A Polemic Against the Misinterpretation of Modern Social Philosophy, Science and Politics as ‘New Religions’”, contextualizing it with reference to the little known dialogue between Hans Kelsen...... and Eric Voegelin. The confrontation between Kelsen and Voegelin, two of the most illustrious émigré scholars who found in America their new home, is important to revisit because it touches upon several axes of debate of crucial importance to postwar intellectual history: the religion/secularity debate......, the positivist/anti-positivist debates, and the controversy that also led to the famous Voegelin/Arendt debate: how to read the horrors of totalitarianism into a historical trajectory of modernity. Although the Kelsen/Voegelin exchange ended in failure and bitterness its substance matter goes to the heart...

  4. Nobel Prize Recipient Eric Betzig Presents Lecture on Efforts to Improve High-Resolution Microscopy | Poster (United States)

    Eric Betzig, Ph.D., a 2014 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and a scientist at Janelia Research Campus (JRC), Howard Hughes Medical Institute, in Ashburn, Va., visited NCI at Frederick on Sept. 10 to present a Distinguished Scientist lecture and discuss the latest high-resolution microscopy techniques. Betzig co-invented photoactivation localization microscopy (PALM) in collaboration with scientists at NIH. PALM achieves 10-fold improvement in spatial resolution of cells, going from the resolution limit of approximately 250 nm in standard optical microscopy down to approximately 20 nm, thus producing a so-called “super-resolution” image. Spatial resolution refers to the clarity of an image or, in other words, the smallest details that can be observed from an image.

  5. The future of immunization policies in Italy and in the European Union: The Declaration of Erice (United States)

    Odone, Anna; Fara, Gaetano M; Giammaco, Giuseppe; Blangiardi, Francesco; Signorelli, Carlo


    On December 2014 the Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council (EPSCO) of the European Union adopted the Council Conclusions on “Vaccinations as an effective tool in public health,” a crucial step to strengthen EU action supporting Member States (MS) to implement effective immunization policies and programs. As a contribution to the ongoing pan-European discussion and to the Italian commitment to stay at the forefront of promoting vaccination polices, the Erice Declaration was drafted by Italy's best experts in the field of immunization to transpose to the national level the goals set by the EPSCO Conclusions. The aim of the current letter is to present to the broader international audience the Italian perspective as a case study to assess different immunization policy models, challenges and priorities. PMID:25806425

  6. Eric Freed Named Deputy Director of HIV Drug Resistance Program | Poster (United States)

    Editor’s note: The text for this article was adapted from an e-mail announcement to the Center for Cancer Research community from Robert Wiltrout, Ph.D., on September 8, 2014. Robert Wiltrout, Ph.D., director, NCI Center for Cancer Research (CCR), recently announced the appointment of Eric Freed, Ph.D., as deputy director of the HIV Drug Resistance Program (HIV DRP). Freed will join Stephen Hughes, Ph.D., director of HIV DRP, in leading this CCR program that focuses on understanding HIV replication and pathogenesis, with the goal of developing more effective strategies for treating HIV infections, and also builds on the existing strength of HIV and retrovirus research within NCI.

  7. ERIC-PCR identification of the spread of airborne Escherichia coli in pig houses. (United States)

    Yuan, W; Chai, T J; Miao, Z M


    To understand the spread of microbial aerosols in pig houses, with Escherichia coli (E. coli) as indicator, the airborne E. coli in 4 pig houses and their surroundings at different points 10, 50m upwind and 10, 50, 100, 200 and 400m downwind respectively from the pig houses were collected, and the concentrations were calculated at each sampling point. Furthermore, the feces of pigs were collected to separate E. coli. The ERIC-PCR (Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus-Polymerase Chain Reaction) technology was used to amplify the isolated E. coli DNA samples, then the amplified results were analyzed by NTSYS-pc (Version 2.10) to identify the similarity of isolated E. coli. The results showed that the airborne E. coli concentrations in indoor air of the 4 pig houses (21-35CFUm(-)(3) air) were much higher than those in upwind and downwind air (P0.05) at downwind distances. The ERIC-PCR results also showed that 52.4% of the fecal E. coli (four houses being respectively 2/4, 50%; 2/4, 50%; 3/6, 50%; 4/7, 57.1%) were identical to the indoor airborne E. coli isolates, and there was more than 90% similarity between the majority of E. coli (50%, 21/42) isolated from downwind air at 10, 50, 100 and 200m and those from indoor air or feces. It could be concluded that the aerosols in pig houses can spread to the surroundings, and thus effective measures should be taken to control and minimize the spread of microbial aerosols.

  8. Use of REP- and ERIC-PCR to reveal genetic heterogeneity of Vibrio cholerae from edible ice in Jakarta, Indonesia

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    Waturangi Diana E


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Vibrio cholerae is the causative organism of waterborne disease, cholera. V. cholerae has caused many epidemics and pandemics of cholera for many years. In this study, V. cholerae recovered from edible ice were investigated for their genetic diversity using Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus (ERIC PCR and Repetitive Extragenic Palindromic (REP PCR. Isolation was done using selective medium and the presumptive isolates were confirmed through biochemical and serological assays. Results Seventy-five isolates of V. cholerae were recovered from ice samples collected from different locations of Jakarta. Specifically, 19 of them were identified as O1 serotype, 16 were Ogawa, 3 isolates were Inaba and the remaining isolates were non-O1. The fingerprinting profiles of V.cholerae isolated from ice samples were very diverse. Conclusion This result showed that the ERIC sequence is more informative and discriminative than REP sequence for analysis of V. cholerae diversity.

  9. Demistifikasi Tokoh Don Juan dalam La Nuit De Valognes Karya Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt

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    Talha Bachmid


    Full Text Available Don Juan is a myth about a seducer, a man with many love adventures, a women’s heat conqueror, and many other predicates. Don Juan as a myth is well-known world wide over, appearing in about 50 writings such as novels, plays, operas. But a French writer Eric-Emannuel Schmitt proposes a new figure of Don Juan in his play La Nuit de Valognes (Night in Valognes: the seducer is judged by five victims and convicted to marry one of his victims in order to stop his adventures. Surprisingly, Don Juan accepts this verdict without conditions. This sudden change becomes the theme of the play: the demythification of Don Juan. A flash back scene shows the beginning of this change and the interpretations that might arise from here. One possible interpretation is proposed and discussed in this paper: Don Juan found the way to a purer love, which is the union with God, and decides to begin his journey. This play can thus be categorised as a sufi text.

  10. Embracing complexity: the post-secular pilgrimage of Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt

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    Ruth Illman


    Full Text Available This article deals with the phenomenon of pilgrimage as a personal transformative process; an exploration of spiritual space rather than a journey undertaken to a physical place. The analysis focuses on the life story and authorship of the novelist and playwright Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt (b. 1960. Schmitt began his career as an academic philosopher specialised in enlightenment rationality. A mystical experience in the deserts of Sahara, however, opened his eyes to the spiritual dimensions of reality and encouraged him to redirect his professional strivings from academic writing to fiction. Today, Schmitt has reached a world-wide audience with his plays and novels on interreligious dialogue, especially the series of five short novellas called Le cycle d’Invisible. These narratives all deal with inter-religious encounters in a complex and compassionate way as Schmitt is particularly concerned with preserving the mystery of the situations he describes. The atheist conviction of his previous life has thus given way to an agnostic and mystically inspired world view focusing on diversity, divinity and inexplicability: “I am obsessed with complexity”, as he puts it himself. The presentation is based on ethnographic material, and key themes to be addressed include pilgrimage as a spiritual journey, interreligious encounters and mystical experiences.

  11. Characterization of Penicillium species by ribosomal DNA sequencing and BOX, ERIC and REP-PCR analysis. (United States)

    Redondo, Cristina; Cubero, Jaime; Melgarejo, Paloma


    The genus Penicillium is one of the largest and widely distributed fungal genera described to date. As a result, its taxonomic classification and species discrimination within this genus has become complicated. In this study, 52 isolates that belonged to the Penicillum genus and other related genera were characterized using two DNA-based methods: (i) analysis of the nucleotide sequences of internal transcribed spacers in ribosomal DNA and (ii) analysis of DNA fingerprints that were generated by polymerase chain reactions with specific primers for enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC) and repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP) sequences, and BOX elements. Using both methods, Penicillium species were discriminated from other fungal genera. Furthermore, Penicillium species that include strains which are used as biocontrol agents, such as P. glabrum, P. purpurogenum, and P. oxalicum, could be distinguished from other Penicillium species using these techniques. Based on our findings, we propose that a polyphasic approach that includes analysis of the nucleotide sequences of ribosomal DNA and detecting the presence of highly conserved, repeated nucleotide sequences can be used to determine the genetic relationships between different Penicillium species. Furthermore, we propose that our results can be used as a start point to develop a strategy to monitor the environmental presence of particular strains of Penicillium species when they are used as biocontrol agents.

  12. Genetic Diversity of Klebsiella spp. Isolated from Tempe based on Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus-Polymerase Chain Reaction (ERIC-PCR

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    Full Text Available Tempe is an Indonesian fermented food prepared by fermenting dehulled cooked soybeans with Rhizopus oligosporus. Many types of bacteria are also involved during tempe fermentation, and one of these is Klebsiella spp. Some isolates of K. pneumoniae produces vitamin B12 in tempe but it has also been classified as an opportunistic pathogen. For this reason Klebsiella spp. in tempe is important to be studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity of Klebsiella spp. from tempe employing ERIC-PCR method. Sixty-one isolates of Klebsiella have been isolated from sixteen tempe producers in Bogor, Jakarta, Malang, Tengerang, Bandung and Cianjur. 63F and 1387R primers were used to amplify 16S rDNA sequences, and 1R and 1F primers were used for ERIC analysis. The results of this research showed that sixty-one strains of Klebsiella were clustered into 17 groups. Based on ERIC-PCR analysis, isolates of Klebsiella could be grouped into different profiles which some of these groups consisted of isolates with identical ERIC-PCR profiles. Several identical ERIC-PCR profiles were found in tempe from the same producer. There was no correlation observed between genetic similarity among isolates with the origin of tempe.

  13. The ERICE-score: the new native cardiovascular score for the low-risk and aged Mediterranean population of Spain. (United States)

    Gabriel, Rafael; Brotons, Carlos; Tormo, M José; Segura, Antonio; Rigo, Fernando; Elosua, Roberto; Carbayo, Julio A; Gavrila, Diana; Moral, Irene; Tuomilehto, Jaakko; Muñiz, Javier


    In Spain, data based on large population-based cohorts adequate to provide an accurate prediction of cardiovascular risk have been scarce. Thus, calibration of the EuroSCORE and Framingham scores has been proposed and done for our population. The aim was to develop a native risk prediction score to accurately estimate the individual cardiovascular risk in the Spanish population. Seven Spanish population-based cohorts including middle-aged and elderly participants were assembled. There were 11800 people (6387 women) representing 107915 person-years of follow-up. A total of 1214 cardiovascular events were identified, of which 633 were fatal. Cox regression analyses were conducted to examine the contributions of the different variables to the 10-year total cardiovascular risk. Age was the strongest cardiovascular risk factor. High systolic blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and smoking were strong predictive factors. The contribution of serum total cholesterol was small. Antihypertensive treatment also had a significant impact on cardiovascular risk, greater in men than in women. The model showed a good discriminative power (C-statistic=0.789 in men and C=0.816 in women). Ten-year risk estimations are displayed graphically in risk charts separately for men and women. The ERICE is a new native cardiovascular risk score for the Spanish population derived from the background and contemporaneous risk of several Spanish cohorts. The ERICE score offers the direct and reliable estimation of total cardiovascular risk, taking in consideration the effect of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular risk factor management. The ERICE score is a practical and useful tool for clinicians to estimate the total individual cardiovascular risk in Spain. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  14. Dos miradas sobre la historia del arte : Las vanguardias artísticas entre Eric Hobsbawn y Walter Benjamin


    Koldobsky, Daniela


    En "A la zaga, decadencia y fracaso de las vanguardias del siglo XX" el historiador Eric Hobsbawm plantea el fracaso de las vanguardias artísticas especialmente en el campo de las artes visuales, entendiendo que "fue, primero, un fracaso de la 'modernidad', un término que empezó a usarse hacia mediados del siglo XIX y que sostenía en su programa que el arte contemporáneo debía ser, como Proudhon había dicho del de Courbet, 'una expresión de los tiempos". Sin embargo, considera que "Por supues...

  15. Diplomite tunnustamine ja isikute vaba liikumine Euroopas / Gunnar Vaht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaht, Gunnar


    Välisriigi diplomite vastastikusest tunnustamisest ENIC/NARIC keskuste raames ning varasemate kvalifikatsioonide tunnustamisest. Lisatud tabelid: endise NSV Liidu kvalifikatsioonide vastavus Eesti Vabariigi kvalifikatsioonidele; Eesti Vabariigi kvalifikatsioonide vastavus

  16. Kas meie joogivesi on radioaktiivselt ohtlik? / Gunnar Press

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Press, Gunnar, 1957-


    Sotsiaalministeeriumi tellimusel valminud uuringu kohaselt tarbib umbes 14 protsenti eestlastest maapõuest pumbatud vett, mille radioaktiivsus ületab kehtestatud norme. Vestlusest AS Viimsi Vesi juhataja Toivo Eensaluga

  17. Accountability and transparency of financial sector supervision / Pall Gunnar Palsson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palsson, Pall Gunnar


    Finantsjärelvalve üheks oluliseks tingimuseks on läbipaistvus. Rahvusvahelise Valuutafondi poolt vastu võetud raha- ja rahanduspoliitika heade tavade koodeksist. Ülevaade Islandi finantsinspektsiooni töökorraldusest

  18. Järjest rohkem spordiinimesi kipub riigikokku / Gunnar Press

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Press, Gunnar, 1957-


    Riigikogu valimistel kandideerib 21 spordiga seotud inimest. Vt. samas: Riigikogu valimised 2007, spordiinimeste TOP. Küsimustele vastavad: Dmitri Budõlin, Aleksei Budõlin, Margus Metstak, Erki Nool, Krista Kruuv, Aivar Kuusmaa, Mart Saarso, Andres Sõber, Andres Oper ja Aavo Põhjala

  19. The EMSO ERIC Consortium: A Multidisciplinary, Multinational Organisation of Ocean Observatories. (United States)

    Best, M.


    EMSO is forging ahead through the next challenge in Earth-Ocean Science: How to co-ordinate ocean data acquisition, analysis and response across provincial, national, regional, and global scales. EMSO provides power, communications, sensors, and data infrastructure for continuous, high resolution, real-time, interactive ocean observations across a truly multi- and interdisciplinary range of research areas including biology, geology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and computer science; from polar to tropical environments, through the water column down to the abyss. 11 deep sea and 4 shallow nodes span from Arctic through the Atlantic and Mediterranean, to the Black Sea. The EMSO Preparatory Phase (FP7) project led to the Interim phase (involving 13 countries) of forming the legal entity: the EMSO European Research Infrastructure Consortium (EMSO-ERIC)-officially created by the EC in 2016. The open user community through ESONET-Vi (European Seafloor Observatory NETwork - The Vision), follows on scientific community planning contributions of the ESONET-NoE (FP6) project. Further progress made through the FixO3 project (FP7) also contributes to this shared infrastructure. Coordination among nodes is being strengthened through the EMSOdev project (H2020) which is producing the EMSO Generic Instrument Module (EGIM) - standardised observations of temperature, pressure, salinity, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, chlorophyll fluorescence, currents, passive acoustics, pH, pCO2, and nutrients. Early installations are now being upgraded; in October 2015 EMSO-France deployed a second cable and junction box serving the Ligurian Sea Node in order to monitor slope stability offshore Nice; in 2016 the EMSO Azores Node receives a major upgrade that will double its observing capacity; for EMSO-Italia the Capo Passero site is being installed and the Catania site is being upgraded. EMSO is a key player in international coordination projects such as CoopEUS/Coop+, ENVRI/ENVRIplus, GOOS

  20. 75 FR 26316 - In the Matter of the Designation of Eric Breininger, Also Known as Abdul-Gaffar, Also Known as... (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE In the Matter of the Designation of Eric Breininger, Also Known as Abdul-Gaffar, Also Known as Abdulgaffar el...-Gaffar, also known as Abdulgaffar el Almani, committed, or poses a significant risk of committing, acts...

  1. Genetic diversity study of various β-lactamase-producing multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from a tertiary care hospital using ERIC-PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayanti Jena


    Interpretation & conclusions: At 60 per cent similarity cut-off value, the dendrogram analysis showed that there were a total of 14 unique clusters of ERIC (CL-1 - CL-14 within the 41 E. coli isolates, which revealed the genetic diversity existing between them.

  2. Eric Charmes, La ville émiettée. Essai sur la clubbisation de la vie urbaine

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    Raphaël Frétigny


    Full Text Available Si son titre ne le traduit pas explicitement, le récent ouvrage d’Eric Charmes La ville émiettée. Essai sur la clubbisation de la vie urbaine porte essentiellement sur l’espace périurbain, dont l’auteur est aujourd’hui un des meilleurs spécialistes en France. Ce travail se situe à l’opposé des stigmatisations habituelles du périurbain, trop souvent présenté comme un junk space peuplé de populations rejetées hors des villes. Au contraire, l’auteur met ce « tiers espace » (Vanier, 2001 au cœur...

  3. Chinese Circulations. Capital, Commodities, and Networks in Southeast Asia, Eric Tagliacozzo & Wen-Chin Chang (éds

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    Jean Baffie


    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage est une contribution majeure à l’étude des activités commerciales des Chinois d’Asie du Sud-Est, particulièrement du commerce entre les Chinois installés en Asie du Sud-Est et la Chine. Il est publié sous la direction d’un historien de l’université de Cornell aux États-Unis, Eric Tagliacozzo, spécialiste de l’Asie du Sud-Est musulmane, de l’Insulinde, principalement, et de Wen-Chin Chang, anthropologue au CAPAS de l’Academia Sinica et spécialiste des Chinois yunnanais de la Thaïla...

  4. La investigación en Educación Musical en la base de datos ERIC

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    Galera, María


    Full Text Available This article describes a bibliometrical analysis of articles on research in Music Education published from 1995 to 2007 and included in ERIC database. These articles represent 54% of all music education articles included in this database. The results show a list with 10 journals which has more than 20 of these articles. The sum of the articles contained in the first four journals is equivalent to 60% of music education articles published from 1995 to 2007. None of these journals are at JCR Social Sciences. Almost all authors of the revised articles usually work alone and occasionally. It seems that there are not research groups or strong consolidated research directions. The most common subjects are: students (attitudes, motivation and effectiveness; teachers; musical composition (activities and music techniques.

  5. DNA fingerprinting by ERIC-PCR for comparing Listeria spp. strains isolated from different sources in San Luis: Argentina Caracterización molecular por ERIC-PCR de cepas de Listeria spp. aisladas de diversos orígenes en San Luis: Argentina

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    A. Laciar


    Full Text Available In this study, a total of 24 Listeria spp. strains were analyzed. Twenty-two isolates were obtained in San Luis (Argentina from human, animal, and food samples. Two types of strains, Listeria monocytogenes CLIP 22762 and Listeria innocua CLIP 74915, were included as reference strains. All isolates were biochemically identified and characterized by serotyping, phage typing, and amplification of the flaA gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. Repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC sequence-based PCR was used to generate DNA fingerprints. On the basis of ERIC-PCR fingerprints, Listeria spp. strains were divided into three major clusters matching origin of isolation. ERIC-PCR fingerprints of human and animal isolates were different from those of food isolates. In addition, groups I and II included ten L. monocytogenes strains, and only one Listeria seeligeri strain. Group III included nine L. innocua strains and four L. monocytogenes strains. Computer evaluation of ERIC-PCR fingerprints allowed discrimination between the tested serotypes 1/2b, 4b, 6a, and 6b within each major cluster. The index of discrimination calculated was 0.94. This study suggests that the ERIC-PCR technique provides an alternative method for the identification of Listeria species and the discrimination of strains within one species.En este estudio se analizaron 24 cepas de Listeria spp. De ellas, 22 fueron obtenidas en San Luis (Argentina, a partir de muestras humanas, de animales y alimentos. Se incluyeron 2 cepas de referencia Listeria monocytogenes CLIP 22762 y Listeria innocua CLIP 74915. Todos los aislamientos fueron identificados bioquímicamente y caracterizados por serotipificación, fagotipificación y detección del gen flaA por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR. Se generaron perfiles de bandas de ADN mediante la amplificación de secuencias repetitivas de consenso intergénico de enterobacterias (ERIC-PCR. De acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos por ERIC

  6. Optimized Expansion of Search Queries Using ERIC Online Thesaurus and its Impact on Precision of Outcome and User’s Search Time


    Fakhorsadat Mohamadi


    Expansion of search query is aimed at improving the relevant [search] results or acquiring appropriate sources for current or future research. It takes place when users are dissatisfied with their search results or have obtained insufficient results. Vocabulary control tools headed by online thesauri are among the resources used for expanding search query. The present paper attempts to empirically demonstrate the impact of using terms from ERIC Online Thesaurus [ERICOT] in expanding search qu...

  7. Molecular characterization of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis isolates from food and human samples by serotyping, antimicrobial resistance, plasmid profiling, (GTG5-PCR and ERIC-PCR

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    F. Fardsanei


    Full Text Available In recent years, Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis has been a primary cause of human salmonellosis in many countries. The major objective of this study was to investigate genetic diversity among Salmonella Enteritidis strains from different origins (food and human by Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus (ERIC -PCR, as well as to assess their plasmid profiling and antimicrobial resistance. A total of 30 Salmonella Enteritidis isolates, 15 from food samples (chicken, lamb, beef and duck meats and 15 from clinical samples were collected in Tehran. Identification of isolates as Salmonella was confirmed by using conventional standard biochemical and serological tests. Multiplex-PCR was used for serotyping of isolates to identify Salmonella Enteritidis. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing to 16 agents founds drug resistance patterns among Salmonella Enteritidis isolates. No resistance was observed to cephalexin, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime and cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, imipenem or meropenem, chloramphenicol and gentamicin. The highest resistance (96.7% was observed to nitrofurantoin. Seven plasmid profiles (P1–P7 were detected, and a 68-kb plasmid was found in all isolates. Two different primers; ERIC and (GTG5 were used for genotyping, which each produced four profiles. The majority of clinical and food isolates fell into two separate common types (CTs with a similar percentage of 95% by ERIC-PCR. Using primer (GTG5, 29 isolates incorporated in three CTs with 70% of isolates showing a single banding pattern. Limited genetic diversity among human and food isolates of Salmonella Enteritidis may indicate that contaminated foods were possibly the source of human salmonellosis. These results confirmed that ERIC-PCR genotyping has limited discriminatory power for Salmonella Enteritidis of different origin.

  8. Genotyping and genetic diversity of Arcobacter butzleri and Arcobacter cryaerophilus isolated from different sources by using ERIC-PCR from India. (United States)

    Ramees, Thadiyam Puram; Rathore, Ramswaroop Singh; Bagalkot, Prashanth Suresh; Sailo, Blessa; Mohan, Hosakote Venkatappa; Kumar, Ashok; Dhama, Kuldeep; Singh, Raj Kumar


    Arcobacters are important zoonotic pathogens and are transmitted through food and water. They are implicated in causing enteritis in animals and humans. Among the Arcobacter species, a wide genetic diversity has been documented, which reflects continuous evolving nature of these pathogens. To genotype and to know the genetic diversity of Arcobacter spp. (Arcobacter butzleri and Arcobacter cryaerophilus) isolated from different sources in India. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) was performed using genomic DNA of 49 Arcobacter isolates (27 A. butzleri and 22 A. cryaerophilus), recovered from a total of 506 samples of chicken meat, poultry skin, dairy cow milk and human stool as template and employing published primers. ERIC sequence was found to be present in all the 27 A. butzleri isolates which were grouped into 18 subtypes, while it was present in 20 out of 22 A. cryaerophilus isolates which were grouped into 14 subtypes. Less variation was observed within sequences of both the Arcobacter species as revealed in dendrogram analysis. The genotyping of A. butzleri isolates showed the presence of 2-8 distinct bands (∼150 to ∼1600 bp), while A. cryaerophilus showed 1-10 distinct bands (∼120 to ∼2900 bp). This study is the first report regarding genetic diversity of Indian Arcobacter isolates using ERIC-PCR. Close clustering between arcobacters of human and animal origin are indicative of probable zoonotic significance. So for these purposes, further explorative studies are suggested which would also help revealing the possibility of epidemiological relationships of different Arcobacter spp. as well as their public health concerns.

  9. A Bibliography of American Doctoral Dissertations in Bilingual Education and English as a Second Language: 1968-1974. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 44. (United States)

    Jokovich, Nancy

    This bibliography is an outgrowth of a project undertaken in 1975 by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics. The project was to update the bibliography of American doctoral dissertations in linguistics covering the years 1900-1964. Due to the large number of dissertations, the update was broken down into three parts, of which this…

  10. Teaching Archaeology. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Brown, Gail William

    How could handchipped stones, ancient ruins, old broken dishes, and antiquated garbage help students learn about the world and themselves? Within archaeology, these seemingly irrelevant items can enlighten students about the world around them through science, culture, and history. When teaching archaeology in the classroom, educators can lead…

  11. From the ERIC Clearinghouse. (United States)

    TEACHING Exceptional Children, 1998


    Describes a set of three books on adapting instructional materials for use with special needs students. The books address: (1) an overview of curricular adaptations; (2) adaptation of reading and math materials for kindergarten through grade 5; and (3) adaptation of language arts, social studies, and science materials for grades 6 through 8. (DB)

  12. Bibliotherapy. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Abdullah, Mardziah Hayati

    This digest suggests that bibliotherapy is a potentially powerful method for school teachers and counselors to use on many levels and in every school grade. It begins with a brief review of the history of bibliotherapy; continues with a discussion of some approaches to bibliotherapy (interactive, clinical, and developmental); then addresses the…

  13. Clinical History of the Theranostic Radionuclide Approach to Neuroendocrine Tumors and Other Types of Cancer: Historical Review Based on an Interview of Eric P. Krenning by Rachel Levine. (United States)

    Levine, Rachel; Krenning, Eric P


    In nuclear medicine, the term theranostics describes the combination of therapy and diagnostic imaging. In practice, this concept dates back more than 50 years; however, among the most successful examples of theranostics are peptide receptor scintigraphy and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy of neuroendocrine tumors. The development of these modalities through the radiolabeling of somatostatin analogs with various radionuclides has led to a revolution in patient management and established a foundation for expansion of the theranostic principle into other oncology indications. This article provides a review of the evolution and development of the theranostic radionuclide approach to the management of neuroendocrine tumors, as described by the inventor of this technique, Eric P. Krenning, in an interview with Rachel Levine. © 2017 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

  14. Filosofía y violencia. Del absoluto a la acción en la Lógica de la filosofía de Eric Weil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Saldías Barrer


    Full Text Available Las tensiones y los vínculos posibles entre razón y violencia son un problema mayor para la filosofía. La obra de Eric Weil se consagra precisamente al análisis de las figuras históricas de dicha tensión, y su obra mayor, Logique de la Philosophie, desarrolla lo fundamental de dicho propósito. Se analiza la manera como Weil, desde la categoría de la acción –última categoría concreta de la filosofía–, en vínculo con las categorías precedentes (absoluto, obra, finito y con las categorías formales (sentido y sabiduría, enfrenta este desafío siempre nuevo para la filosofía.

  15. Datshane ne hotjat raznossit gazetõ za 50 tõsjatsh kron v mesjats / Senta Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Senta


    Taani tööminister on hämmelduses, et 25 tuhande kroonise palga juures ei leita ajalehtede laialikandjaid, vaid tuleb kasutada võõrtööjõudu. Tööandjate ja poliitikute vastastikused süüdistused

  16. Reproducible diagnosis of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia by flow cytometry: an European Research Initiative on CLL (ERIC) & European Society for Clinical Cell Analysis (ESCCA) harmonisation project. (United States)

    Rawstron, Andy C; Kreuzer, Karl-Anton; Soosapilla, Asha; Spacek, Martin; Stehlikova, Olga; Gambell, Peter; McIver-Brown, Neil; Villamor, Neus; Psarra, Katherina; Arroz, Maria; Milani, Raffaella; de la Serna, Javier; Cedena, M Teresa; Jaksic, Ozren; Nomdedeu, Josep; Moreno, Carol; Rigolin, Gian Matteo; Cuneo, Antonio; Johansen, Preben; Johnsen, Hans E; Rosenquist, Richard; Niemann, Carsten Utoft; Kern, Wolfgang; Westerman, David; Trneny, Marek; Mulligan, Stephen; Doubek, Michael; Pospisilova, Sarka; Hillmen, Peter; Oscier, David; Hallek, Michael; Ghia, Paolo; Montserrat, Emili


    The diagnostic criteria for CLL rely on morphology and immunophenotype. Current approaches have limitations affecting reproducibility and there is no consensus on the role of new markers. The aim of this project was to identify reproducible criteria and consensus on markers recommended for the diagnosis of CLL. ERIC/ESCCA members classified 14 of 35 potential markers as "required" or "recommended" for CLL diagnosis, consensus being defined as >75% and >50% agreement, respectively. An approach to validate "required" markers using normal peripheral blood was developed. Responses were received from 150 participants with a diagnostic workload >20 CLL cases per week in 23/150 (15%), 5-20 in 82/150 (55%) and 97% concordance with current approaches. A pilot study to validate staining quality was completed in eleven centres. Markers considered as "required" for the diagnosis of CLL by the participants in this study (CD19, CD5, CD20, CD23, Kappa and Lambda) are consistent with current diagnostic criteria and practice. Importantly, a reproducible approach to validate and apply these markers in individual laboratories has been identified. Finally, a consensus "recommended" panel of markers to refine diagnosis in borderline cases (CD43, CD79b, CD81, CD200, CD10, ROR1) has been defined and will be prospectively evaluated. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2017 International Clinical Cytometry Society.

  17. [Strategies for biobank networks. Classification of different approaches for locating samples and an outlook on the future within the BBMRI-ERIC]. (United States)

    Lablans, Martin; Kadioglu, Dennis; Mate, Sebastian; Leb, Ines; Prokosch, Hans-Ulrich; Ückert, Frank


    Medical research projects often require more biological material than can be supplied by a single biobank. For this reason, a multitude of strategies support locating potential research partners with matching material without requiring centralization of sample storage. Classification of different strategies for biobank networks, in particular for locating suitable samples. Description of an IT infrastructure combining these strategies. Existing strategies can be classified according to three criteria: (a) granularity of sample data: coarse bank-level data (catalogue) vs. fine-granular sample-level data, (b) location of sample data: central (central search service) vs. decentral storage (federated search services), and (c) level of automation: automatic (query-based, federated search service) vs. semi-automatic (inquiry-based, decentral search). All mentioned search services require data integration. Metadata help to overcome semantic heterogeneity. The "Common Service IT" in BBMRI-ERIC (Biobanking and BioMolecular Resources Research Infrastructure) unites a catalogue, the decentral search and metadata in an integrated platform. As a result, researchers receive versatile tools to search suitable biomaterial, while biobanks retain a high degree of data sovereignty. Despite their differences, the presented strategies for biobank networks do not rule each other out but can complement and even benefit from each other.

  18. Pictorial Real, Historical Intermedial. Digital Aesthetics and the Representation of History in Eric Rohmer’s The Lady and the Duke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tagliani Giacomo


    Full Text Available In The Lady and the Duke (2001, Eric Rohmer provides an unusual and “conservative” account of the French Revolution by recurring to classical and yet “revolutionary” means. The interpolation between painting and film produces a visual surface which pursues a paradoxical effect of immediacy and verisimilitude. At the same time though, it underscores the represented nature of the images in a complex dynamic of “reality effect” and critical meta-discourse. The aim of this paper is the analysis of the main discursive strategies deployed by the film to disclose an intermedial effectiveness in the light of its original digital aesthetics. Furthermore, it focuses on the problematic relationship between image and reality, deliberately addressed by Rohmer through the dichotomy simulation/illusion. Finally, drawing on the works of Louis Marin, it deals with the representation of history and the related ideology, in order to point out the film’s paradoxical nature, caught in an undecidability between past and present.

  19. Reflexiones y Experiencias desde las entrañas del Islamismo Militante. Análisis de la biografía de Eric Breininguer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Cano Paños


    Full Text Available El objetivo del siguiente trabajo es analizar el proceso de radicalización yihadista de un joven converso nacido y crecido en Occidente. Se trata del caso de Eric Breininger, un individuo alemán que en abril de 2010 encontró la muerte en la región de Waziristán en el transcurso de un combate contra soldados pakistaníes. La base del siguiente trabajo está constituida por las memorias del joven alemán, las cuales fueron publicadas en Internet días después del anuncio de su muerte. Dichas memorias suponen sin duda un documento de trascendental importancia que permiten acercarse al proceso de radicalización de un individuo de origen occidental. Asimismo, ofrecen una visión muy cercana de la vida cotidiana de aquellos individuos radicalizados que en la primera línea del frente libran su particular batalla –en algunos casos sacrificando incluso su propia vida– en defensa de su particular visión del Islam.

  20. Arigato vara läheb müüki / Gunnar Press

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Press, Gunnar, 1957-


    Advokaadibüroo Eipre & Partnerid pani enampakkumisele spordiklubi Arigato varad. Vt. samas: Klubis nähti Pertelsoni pensionisammast; Võlanõudjaid on juba 127; 56 000 krooni palka + auto + korteriüür

  1. Okk hakkas NRG-tehingu pooldajaks / Gunnar Okk ; interv. Argo Ideon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Okk, Gunnar, 1960-


    Eesti Energia juhatuse esimees on kindel, et Narva elektrijaamade müügi lõplikud lepingud sõlmitakse veel tänavu. Arvamust avaldavad: Lennart Meri, Melissa Wells, Mart Laar ja Edgar Savisaar. Parlamendisaadik (E. Savisaar)

  2. ENIC ja NARIC koostöövõrkude aastakoosolek / Gunnar Vaht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaht, Gunnar


    5.-6. juunini toimus Euroopa Nõukogu, UNESCO-CEPES ja Euroopa Komisjoni välisriigi kvalifikatsioonide hindamise ja tunnustamise infokeskuste koostöövõrkude ENIC ja NARIC aastakoosolek. Euroopa Nõukogu ja UNESCO koostöövõrk ENIC (European Network of National Information Centres on Academic Recognition and Mobility) ning Euroopa Liidu koostöövõrk NARIC (National Academic Recognition Information Centres) on rahvusvahelised võrgustikud, mis on loodud välisriigis omandatud hariduse õige ja õiglase tunnustamise lihtsustamiseks ning akadeemilise ja tööalase liikuvuse soodustamiseks

  3. Iirlased suhtuvad töökatesse eestlastesse positiivselt / Gunnar Press

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Press, Gunnar, 1957-


    Iirimaal töötavatest eestlastest, nende töö- ja elamistingimustest. Vt. samas: Iirimaa (Iiri k. Eire); Iirimaal elab ja töötab 3000-4000 eestlast; Eesti korvpallurid Iiri amatööride esiliigas; Miinimum tunnipalk 8.65 eurot ehk 135 krooni

  4. I Maestri dei maestri. Scuola, società, critica in Interesting Times di Eric Hobsbawm e Out of Place di Edward Said.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Pala


    Full Text Available Due fra gli intellettuali più famosi e significativi del Novecento, il filologo e comparatista  Edward Said e lo storico Eric Hobsbawm, esponenti di una critica militante e attenta alla sfera sociale, si confrontano con il passato attraverso le rispettive autobiografie – Out of Place (Said 1999 e Interesting Times (Hobsbawm 2002 - in cui non solo tracciano un bilancio di un’esistenza privata, quanto di un intero periodo storico: siamo di fronte a opere autobiografiche, ma dotate anche di un marcato carattere metanarrativo, riflessioni introvertite sul raccontare, fare storia e sulle motivazioni alla base dell’attività critica.Proprio su questo sfondo, non può sfuggire come i due lavori dedichino molto spazio alle esperienze scolastiche: la scuola- anzi le scuole, rigorosamente al plurale sia per Said che per Hobsbawm- corrispondono infatti a diverse forme di socialità, segnalano ambienti diversi in senso cronologico e geografico, contrassegnati da costumi e ordinamenti eterogenei; rappresentano inoltre l’incontro con l’autorità costituita al di fuori dalla famiglia, e marcano così il progresso verso una piena autocoscienza dell’individuo nel contesto materiale della sua collocazione storica e culturale. In altre parole, sono proprio le scuole a scandire in primo luogo il processo di maturazione dei due autori in questione. E poiché sia Said che Hobsbawm elaborano un proprio stile molto personale nei rispettivi campi d’azione, non siamo di fronte a una scrittura ingenua; c’è un’evidente struttura retorica che sostiene questa narrazione di sé.

  5. Women and Entrepreneurship. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Kerka, Sandra

    The spectrum of women-owned businesses ranges from full corporations to microenterprises. Women business owners share many characteristics and motivations of business owners generally; other factors are dissatisfaction with "glass ceiling" limits, desire for job flexibility, and age discrimination. Women entrepreneurs often face barriers…

  6. Mental Retardation. ERIC Digest #423. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.

    A brief overview of mental retardation defines the concept, discusses incidence in the general population, describes characteristics of mentally retarded individuals, and discusses educational implications. References for further reading, as well as organizational resources, are provided. (JW)

  7. Understanding Sensory Integration. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    DiMatties, Marie E.; Sammons, Jennifer H.

    This brief paper summarizes what is known about sensory integration and sensory integration dysfunction (DSI). It outlines evaluation of DSI, treatment approaches, and implications for parents and teachers, including compensatory strategies for minimizing the impact of DSI on a child's life. Review of origins of sensory integration theory in the…

  8. Software Copyright Interpretation. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Finkel, LeRoy


    This digest presents a reprint of an article which addresses the issue of the rights of computer software owners to duplicate materials. A conservative approach to software copyright is taken which looks to how the law will likely be interpreted, rather than waiting for the definitive decision by a court. Three major issues involved with software…

  9. Children and Grief. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    McEntire, Nancy

    Noting that the death of a loved one brings grief to children as well as adults, this Digest draws on research to examine how children respond to death and the role of parents and teachers in helping children cope with loss. The Digest delineates children's "tasks" during mourning that are essential to their adjustment to loss, such as…

  10. In Situ Immobilization of Uranium in Structured Porous Media via Biomineralization at the Fracture/Matrix Interface – Subproject to Co-PI Eric E. Roden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eric E. Roden


    Although the biogeochemical processes underlying in situ bioremediation technologies are increasingly well understood, field-scale heterogeneity (both physical and biogeochemical) remains a major obstacle to successful field-scale implementation. In particular, slow release of contamination from low-permeability regions (primarily by diffusive/dispersive mass transfer) can hinder the effectiveness of remediation. The research described in this report was conducted in conjunction with a project entitled “In Situ Immobilization of Uranium in Structured Porous Media via Biomineralization at the Fracture/Matrix Interface”, which was funded through the Field Research element of the former NABIR Program (now the Environmental Remediation Sciences Program) within the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Dr. Timothy Scheibe (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) was the overall PI/PD for the project, which included Scott Brooks (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) and Eric Roden (formerly at The University of Alabama, now at the University of Wisconsin) as separately-funded co-PIs. The overall goal of the project was to evaluate strategies that target bioremediation at interfaces between high- and low-permeability regions of an aquifer in order to minimize the rate of contaminant transfer into high-permeability/high fluid flow zones. The research was conducted at the Area 2 site of the Field Research Center (FRC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Area 2 is a shallow pathway for migration of contaminated groundwater to seeps in the upper reach of Bear Creek at ORNL, mainly through a ca. 1 m thick layer of gravel located 4-5 m below the ground surface. Hydrological tracer studies indicate that the gravel layer receives input of uranium from both upstream sources and from diffusive mass transfer out of highly contaminated fill and saprolite materials above and below the gravel layer. We sought to test the hypothesis that injection of electron donor into

  11. ERIC Abstracts: ERIC Document Resumes on Energy Conservation and the Schools ERIC Abstract Series, Number 35. (United States)

    American Association of School Administrators, Washington, DC. National Academy for School Executives.

    Documents previously announced in Resources in Education (RIE) concerning energy conservation discuss the current energy crisis and its implications for the public schools, offer practical suggestions for reducing energy consumption, and examine the efficiency of various energy systems. The index terms used to select the documents are…

  12. Análisis bibliométrico sobre el Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas (ABP en la educación superior a partir de la base de datos ERIC.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Menéndez Varela


    Full Text Available El estudio bibliométrico descriptivo que sigue presenta tendencias de investigación sobre el aprendizaje basado en problemas entre 1974 y 2009. Se sirve de la base de datos ERIC y trabaja con una muestra de 1007 documentos. Se analizan los registros a tenor de cuatro variables: el año de publicación o realización, la titulación, el área de conocimiento y la tipología de investigación. En cuanto a la producción científica, pueden diferenciarse tres fases: la primera, de 1974 a 1989, supone el inicio de las publicaciones y muestra escasa relevancia estadística; la segunda, de crecimiento, durante la década de los 90 del pasado siglo; y la última, de maduración, desde el año 2000 hasta el año 2009. La distribución de los registros por sectores de conocimiento destaca Ciencias de la Salud, Ciencias Sociales y Enseñanzas Técnicas. Las titulaciones en las que más ha proliferado el ABP son Medicina, Económicas, Empresariales, Pedagogía, Formación del Profesorado y el conjunto de las ingenierías.

  13. Süüdistus Norrast : Veerpalu veri olevat vale. Tere, talv! / Nele Lond, Jaan Martinson, Gunnar Press

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lond, Nele


    Norra meedia andmetel kuulus Andrus Veerpalu 2001. aastal Lahti maailmameistrivõistlustel uuritud kaheteistkümne medaliomaniku hulka, kelle verepilt erines tugevasti tavapärasest. Lisa: Lahti MMi 12 "kahtlast" nime

  14. Iodometric and Molecular Detection of ESBL Production Among Clinical Isolates of E. coli Fingerprinted by ERIC-PCR: The First Egyptian Report Declares the Emergence of E. coli O25b-ST131clone Harboring blaGES. (United States)

    El-Badawy, Mohamed F; Tawakol, Wael M; Maghrabi, Ibrahim A; Mansy, Moselhy S; Shohayeb, Mohamed M; Ashour, Mohammed S


    The extensive use of β-lactam antibiotics has led to emergence and spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of 7 different ESBL genes (bla TEM , bla SHV , bla CTX-M , bla VEB , bla PER , bla GES , and bla OXA-10 ) and O25b-ST131 high-risk clone among 61 clinical isolates of Escherichia coli. Also, one broad-spectrum β-lactamase (bla OXA-1 ) was investigated. This study was also constructed to evaluate iodometric overlay method in detection of ESBL production. Phenotypic identification of E. coli isolates using API 20E revealed 18 distinct biotypes. DNA fingerprinting using enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) differentiated all isolates into 2 main phylogenetic groups with 60 distinct genetic profiles. Elevated values of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) 50 and MIC 90 for third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins were observed. Phenotypic tests revealed that 85.24% of isolates were ESBL producers. The incidence rates of bla TEM , bla SHV , bla CTX-M , bla GES , bla OXA-1 , and bla OXA-10 among E. coli ESBL producer phenotype were 69.23%, 25%, 96.15%, 3.85%, 11.54%, and 48%, respectively. On the other hand, bla VEB and bla PER were not detected. Sequencing of bla TEM and bla SHV revealed that bla TEM-214 and bla SHV-11 were the most prevalent variants. Group characterization of bla CTX-M revealed that bla CTX-M-1 was the most prevalent group of bla CTX-M family. It was found that 30.77% of E. coli ESBL producers belonged to O25b-ST131 clone harboring bla CTX-M-15 . This study concluded that iodometric overlay method was 100% sensitive in detection of ESBL production. To our knowledge, this is the first Egyptian study that declares the emergence of E. coli O25b-ST131 harboring bla GES .

  15. Estonia beyond the edge / Eric Kluitenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kluitenberg, Eric


    Festivali "Interstanding" üks initsiaatoreid arutleb 1990. aastate meedia festivalidel käsitletud teemade tähendusest eesti kultuurile ja selle identiteedile. 1999. aastal toimunud kolmanda festivali teemaks oli "Ülalpool piire - põgenemine marginaalsuse eest". Eestist saanud uute poliitilis-majanduslike ja globaalkultuuriliste võrgustike osa, olles olnud omamoodi vahetsooniks

  16. Second Language Classroom Research. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Nunan, David

    The purpose of second (or foreign) language classroom research is to answer important questions about the learning and teaching of foreign languages. This kind of research collects data from genuine language classrooms or from experimental settings sometimes established to replicate what takes place in the classroom. Classroom research can focus…

  17. Teaching about Democratic Constitutionalism. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Patrick, John J.

    There are more than 100 democracies in the world today. All but three of them--Great Britain, Israel, and New Zealand --have written constitutions. This digest examines the importance of constitutions and constitutionalism and the teaching of these concepts through the use of comparisons. The primary objectives of civic education for democratic…

  18. Teaching about the Built Environment. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Graves, Ginny

    Critical thinking, responsible citizenship, cultural literacy, social relevancy; these concerns of educators in the social studies can be addressed through teaching and learning about the built environment. The tangible structures that humans have created (bridges, houses, factories, farms, monuments) constitute the built environment. Objects in…

  19. Erice Lectures on Black Holes and Attractors

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio; Marrani, A


    These lectures give an elementary introduction to the subject of four dimensional black holes (BHs) in supergravity and the Attractor Mechanism in the extremal case. Some thermodynamical properties are discussed and some relevant formulae for the critical points of the BH effective potential are given. The case of Maxwell-Einstein-axion-dilaton (super)gravity is discussed in detail. Analogies among BH entropy and multipartite entanglement of qubits in quantum information theory, as well moduli spaces of extremal BH attractors, are also discussed.

  20. Video Games and Children. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Cesarone, Bernard

    This digest examines data on video game use by children, explains ratings of video game violence, and reviews research on the effects of video games on children and adolescents. A recent study of seventh and eighth graders found that 65% of males and 57% of females played 1 to 6 hours of video games at home per week, and 38% of males and 16% of…

  1. Total Quality Management in Libraries. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Masters, Denise G.

    Total Quality Management (TQM) is "a system of continuous improvement employing participative management and centered on the needs of customers." Key components of TQM are employee involvement and training, problem-solving teams, statistical methods, long-term goals and thinking, and recognition that the system, not people, produces…

  2. Child Labor in Agriculture. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Davis, Shelley

    An estimated 200,000-800,000 children and adolescents work in the United States as migrant agricultural laborers, either alone or with their families. This digest describes the statutory and economic factors contributing to the presence of children in the fields and the impact of this labor on their health and educational progress. The Fair Labor…

  3. Stress and Young Children. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Jewett, Jan; Peterson, Karen

    Traditionally, stress has been defined in terms of its sourceinternal, such as hunger, pain, sensitivity to noise; and externalseparation from family, change in family composition, exposure to conflict or violence. Although the research literature tends to focus on the impact of single-variable stressors on children's development, in real-life…

  4. Language Teaching Methodology. ERIC Issue Paper. (United States)

    Rodgers, Theodore S.

    This paper gives an overview of 10 directions language teachers might take in the future. After providing background on the history of language teaching, language teaching methodology is defined and a distinction is made between methodologies and approaches. Next, the 10 scenarios are briefly described. They include the following: teacher/learner…

  5. Liderazgo etico (Ethical Leadership). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    Until very recently, ethical issues were given little attention in administrator-preparation programs. This digest in Spanish outlines the ethical responsibilities of school leaders and the dilemmas that they face. It offers the following suggestions for resolving ethical dilemmas: (1) Leaders should have and be willing to act on a definite sense…

  6. Liderazgo visionario (Visionary Leadership). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    "Vision" is one of the most frequently used buzzwords in the education literature of the 1990s. This digest in Spanish presents an overview of visionary leadership, which many education experts consider to be a make-or-break task for the school leader. It discusses various definitions of vision, the significance of vision for…

  7. Multiple Intelligences: Gardner's Theory. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Brualdi, Amy C.

    This digest discusses the origins of Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences, his definition of intelligence, the incorporation of the theory into the classroom, and its role in alternative assessment practices. Gardner defines intelligence as the "capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more…

  8. Fluxus, Eric Andersen and the Communist East

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van der Meijden, Peter Alexander


    Artiklen beskriver forskellige turnéer, foretaget af Fluxusmedlemmer i kommunistisk Østeuropa og Sovjetunionen i løbet af 1960erne, og diskuterer dem i lystet af Fluxus-generalsekretær George Maciunas' holdning over for kommunismen....

  9. Political Communication via the Media. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Aiex, Nola Kortner; Gottlieb, Stephen S.

    Noting that critics charge that news reporting focuses on the superficial, personal characteristics of candidates and ignores the issues underlying elections, this Digest examines the relationship between the political process and political communication through the media. It addresses the power of advertising, cyberspace political communication,…

  10. Helping Parents Prevent Lead Poisoning. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Binns, Helen J.; Ricks, Omar Benton

    Children are at greater risk than adults for lead poisoning because children absorb lead more readily than adults, and a small amount of lead in children's bodies can do a great deal of harm. Some of the causes and effects of childhood lead poisoning and suggests some lead poisoning prevention strategies that parent educators can share with…

  11. Measuring Leadership Potential. ERIC Digest, Number 115. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    Today there are dozens of instruments that claim to measure leadership capacities. Although every instrument has limitations and must be used carefully, the tests can be used to identify leadership potential. This digest summarizes the reasons for using formal assessments, the attributes measured by such tests, the ways in which leadership…

  12. Parenting Style and Its Correlates. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Darling, Nancy

    One of the most robust approaches to researching parents' influence on children's social competence is the study of what has been called "parenting style." Parenting style captures two important elements of parenting: parental responsiveness and parental demandingness. Categorizing parents according to whether they are high or low on…

  13. Estonia President, Obama Discuss Cybersecurity / Eric Chabrow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Chabrow, Eric


    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves kohtus 15. juunil 2009 Washingtonis USA presidendi Barack Obamaga. Riigipead arutasid küberkaitse küsimusi. Eesti president avaldas Ühendriikidele tänu abi eest küberkaitsekeskuse loomisel Tallinnasse. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 9.-16.06.2009

  14. Biotechnology Education and the Internet. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lee, Thomas

    The world of modern biotechnology is based on recent developments in molecular biology, especially those in genetic engineering. Since this is a relatively new and rapidly advancing field of study, there are few traditional sources of information and activities. This digest highlights biotechnology resources including those that can be found on…

  15. Eric Kandel: the Future of Memory

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kandel, Erik


    .... In addition to his well-lauded, ongoing research at Columbia University Medical Center’s New York State Psychiatric Institute, Kandel has written several books on neurobiology, behavior, and memory...

  16. Substance Abuse Policy. ERIC Digest, Number 80. (United States)

    Gaustad, Joan

    Substance abuse affects American children across all geographic and economic boundaries and has been linked to poor academic performance, truancy, and dropping out. Schools lacking clear alcohol and drug policies are more likely to experience problems with substance abuse. A districtwide substance abuse policy makes a public statement that…

  17. A Science Fair Companion. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    McCann, Wendy Sherman

    This digest comments on various aspects of school science fairs. General expectations for science fair projects and participants are discussed, and tips for choosing a topic and completing a project are given. Organizational strategies for teachers charged with conducting science fairs are presented. Guidelines for parents in helping children with…

  18. Authorship Ethics. ERIC/AE Digest. (United States)

    Syrett, Kristen L.; Rudner, Lawrence M.

    The key ethical standards for authorship of educational research are summarized, drawing on "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Adopted by more than 500 scientific and biomedical journals, these standards are effective guidelines for…

  19. Gauge theory and renormalization (Erice, August 1994)


    Hooft, G. 't


    Early developments leading to renormalizable non-Abelian gauge theories for the weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions, are discussed from a personal viewpoint. They drastically improved our view of the role of field theory, symmetry and topology, as well as other branches of mathematics, in the world of elementary particles.

  20. Media Ethics: Some Specific Problems. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Gottlieb, Stephen S.

    This digest identifies some of the ethical issues which appeared in the mass media in the 1980s and discusses the implications which these issues have for the law and for those who already work in or study the mass media, as well as for those college students contemplating a career in journalism or broadcasting. (NKA)

  1. Creating Self-Portraits. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Redekopp, Dave E.; And Others

    Creating Self-Portraits is an individual and/or group career development tool designed to assess without testing. Researchers have found that testing can be counter-productive; once clients were labelled, they frequently stopped self-examination. A tool was needed that would help people understand themselves in a way that would encourage further…

  2. Teaching the Declaration of Independence. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Patrick, John J.

    The Declaration of Independence is the founding document of the United States. It is part of the social studies core curriculum in U.S. schools. By the time they graduate from high school, students are expected to know the main ideas in the Declaration of Independence and their significance. This digest discusses: (1) the origins of the…

  3. Advertising in the Schools. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Aidman, Amy

    This digest reviews the recent history of advertising to children, spotlights controversial marketing efforts, and examines the nature of commercial messages directed toward children in public schools. Because of the increase in children's spending power in recent decades, advertisers have closely targeted children as consumers. Advertising…

  4. Self-Mutilation. ERIC/CASS Digest. (United States)

    Simpson, Chris

    Self-mutilation has been most commonly seen as a diagnostic indicator for borderline personality disorder. However, practitioners have more recently observed self-harming behavior among those individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, multiple personality disorder, borderline personality disorder,…

  5. Severe Disabilities. ERIC Digest #311. Revised. (United States)

    Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.

    This digest defines the term "severe disabilities"; lists some typical behavioral characteristics of individuals with severe disabilities, such as self-mutilation and lack of self-care skills; and outlines the educational implications of severe disabilities. The digest stresses the need for a multidisciplinary approach to education; the…

  6. Teaching about Western Europe. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Gaunt, Philip

    Recent historical events have made it increasingly important to strengthen the study of Western Europe in U.S. schools. With full integration of the European Community after 1992, with the unification of the two Germanys, and with the newly democratic states of the old Soviet bloc seeking some form of association with the European Economic…

  7. Neuropsychological Assessment in Schools. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Merz, William R., Sr.; And Others

    The nature of neuropsychological assessment and its application in the school environment are discussed. Neuropsychology is the study of how the brain and nervous system affect thinking and behavior. A complete neuropsychological assessment requires gathering and analyzing information on a child's: (1) physical, social, and psychological…

  8. Children's Nutrition and Learning. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.

    This digest reviews research on the link between children's nutrition and their ability to learn from the prenatal through school years. It also discusses the importance of nutrition education for children. The need for adequate nutrition during pregnancy and the preschool years is highlighted by research that indicates that low birthweight…

  9. An Introduction to Content Analysis. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Stemler, Steve

    This digest provides an introduction to content analysis, a systematic, replicable technique for compressing many words of a text into fewer content categories based on explicit rules of coding. This allows inferences to be made that can then be corroborated using other methods of data collection. In a technical sense, content analysis is not…

  10. Retraso Mental. Traduccion de ERIC EC Digest #528. (Mental Retardation. Translation of ERIC EC Digest #528). (United States)

    Hawkins-Shepard, Charlotte

    This fact sheet presents basic information on mental retardation for Spanish-speaking educators and others. First, definitions from the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR) are presented. The fact sheet then analyzes how the new AAMR definitions differ from earlier ones,…

  11. Outdoor Education, a Selected Bibliography (with ERIC Abstracts). ERIC/CRESS Supplement No. 5. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Las Cruces, NM.

    A supplement to 5 previous bibliographies, this bibliography provides access to some of the latest resource material, research findings, and/or developments in outdoor education. Part I contains 143 citations and abstracts which appeared in "Resources in Education" (RIE) from the January 1975 issue through the December 1975 issue. Part…

  12. The Internet, The Hidden Web, and Useful Web Resources: ERIC, ERIC/CASS, & The Virtual Library. (United States)

    Kirkman, Chris; Frady, Allen; Walz, Garry R.

    Counselors and educators face a constant struggle to keep abreast of the vast amounts of new information available, assessing this information, and continuing to gather even more information. Individual's information searching strategies often take considerable time and cause considerable frustration in getting the results wanted. While increasing…

  13. Põhikooli ja gümnaasiumi füüsikastandardist / Koit Timpmann, Gunnar Karu, Henn Voolaid, Enn Pärtel...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Eesti põhi- ja keskhariduse riiklikus õppekavas esitatud füüsika ainekava sisaldab õpetuse eesmärkide ja aineloendi kõrval ka õpitulemusi, milles on sätestatud nõuded vastava kooliastme lõpetaja teadmistele ja oskustele. Füüsika õppimisel omandatud üldkohustuslike teadmiste, oskuste, vilumuste, väärtuste ja käitumisnormide miinimum moodustavad füüsikastandardi

  14. "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..." : [luuletused] / Gunnar D. Hansson ; tlk. Mati Sirkel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansson, Gunnar D.


    Sisu: "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..."; "Esimest päeva rändab tuul ..." = "Första dagen vandrar vinden ..."; "Päike tuli lähemale ..." = "Solen kom närmare ..."; "Nagu oleks kõik möödas ..." = "Som om allt vore över ..."

  15. Kritische Analyse des Entwurfs eines Gesetzes zur Bekämpfung von Korruption im Gesundheitswesen / Hauke Brettel, Gunnar Duttge, Jan C. Schuhr

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brettel, Hauke


    Korruptsioonist tervishoius ja karistusseadustiku muutmise eelnõust, mis kehtestaks karmid karistused altkäemaksu eest arstidele ja teistele tervishoitöötajatele (k. a. apteekrid). Selle eelnõu kriitika. Eelnõu tekst:

  16. Promoting Physical Activity and Exercise among Children. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Summerfield, Liane M.

    This Digest discusses the importance of and ways to foster activity and exercise in children. Following an introduction, the Digest is organized into four sections. The first section deals with the significant health benefits of physical activity, including: reduction in chronic disease risk; lowered risk of colon cancer; increase in bone density;…

  17. Parenting and Career Development. ERIC Digest No. 214. (United States)

    Kerka, Sandra

    Research indicates that parenting styles, family functioning, and parent-child interaction influence career development. The authoritative parenting style is associated with self-confidence, persistence, social competence, academic success, and psychosocial development; parents provide a warm family climate, set standards, and promote independence…

  18. Teaching Interdisciplinary Thematic Units in Language Arts. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Ritter, Naomi

    This Digest discusses teaching interdisciplinary thematic units in language arts, noting that such units typically integrate broad areas of knowledge, such as social studies, mathematics, or ecology with the teaching of the four major language skills: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. The Digest presents a definition and rationale for…

  19. Extended School Year (ESY). ERIC Digest #E471. (United States)

    Pinkerton, Dianna

    This digest defines the term "extended school year" (ESY) and notes the issues of regression and recoupment which have led to development of ESY services for students with disabilities. The digest then provides answers to the following questions: (1) When is ESY needed? (2) How is eligibility for ESY determined? (3) What are some factors…

  20. El Metodo Llamado Proyecto (The Project Approach). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Katz, Lilian G.

    A project is an in-depth investigation of a topic worth learning more about, usually undertaken by a group of children within a class. The goal of a project is to learn more about a topic rather than to find answers to questions posed by a teacher. Project work is complementary to the systematic parts of a curriculum. Whereas systematic…

  1. Violence in Sports. ERIC Digest 1-89. (United States)

    Abdal-Haqq, Ismat

    This Digest examines violence in team sports and how manifestations of violence reflect the attitudes and behavior of players, coaches, and fans. Three theoretical explanations of sports violence are discussed--the biological theory, the psychological theory, and the social learning theory. The pressures of competitive sports on children are…

  2. Higher Education outside of the Academy. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Cantor, Jeffery A.

    What has come to be recognized as the classic model of the university is changing as a result of industry's new and emerging needs for knowledge, constant technological innovation, education's place in the economy, and diminishing funding. American industry recognizes that the skills of workers at all levels will need to improve continuously in…

  3. Teen Courts and Law-Related Education. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Nessel, Paula A.

    Teen courts have gained in popularity in the 1990s. These courts include youth courts, peer juries, peer courts, student courts, and other courts using juveniles to determine the sentences of juvenile offenders. The courts issue sentences that are carried out in a school or community setting and generally involve community service, jury duty,…

  4. Moral and Ethical Issues in Teacher Education. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Benninga, Jacques S.

    This digest addresses two components in the moral and ethical preparation of teachers: identification and assessment of professional ethical concepts and structures in teacher education, and foundations and specific models for the preservice training of teachers of character. A teacher's first moral obligation is to provide excellent instruction.…

  5. Ethics and Regulations of Cybercounseling. ERIC/CASS Digest. (United States)

    Hughes, Rosemarie S.

    Cybercounseling is defined as the practice of professional counseling and information delivery that occurs when client(s) and counselor(s) are in separate or remote locations and utilize electronic means to communicate over the Internet. One of the counseling profession's main concerns will be unlicensed persons promoting themselves as competent…

  6. Evaluacion entre colegas profesores (Peer Review of Teachers). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hertling, Elizabeth

    This digest in Spanish examines peer review, focusing on how these types of reviews can improve teacher competence. Peer review is often linked to peer assistance, which helps new and veteran teachers improve their knowledge and skills. In peer-review programs, consulting teachers conduct formal evaluations and recommend whether the participating…

  7. Alternative Forms of Assessment. ERIC Topical Bibliography and Commentary. (United States)

    Smith, Carl B., Ed.

    This topical bibliography and commentary addresses methods of alternative, or informal, assessment that have proven effective, and how these methods have been, or can be, established as reliable alternatives to standardized testing. It discusses authentic assessment, forms of alternative assessment (unstructured written activities, unstructured…

  8. Tipp-pankur, kelle aastapalk on 1 dollar / Eric Dash

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dash, Eric


    Citigroupi juhi Vikram Panditi aastapalk on 1 dollar, seda seni, kuni pank on taas kindlalt kasumis. Tükk tüki haaval nülib ta maha ettevõtte liigseid harusid, tugevdab panga bilanssi, stabiliseerides finantse

  9. Meeting Youth Needs with Community Programs. ERIC Digest, Number 86. (United States)

    Ianni, Francis A. J.

    Rather than viewing youth as an isolated and alienated subculture, it is more useful to view the needs of youth as largely determined by where and how they live, and to recognize that they differ from one another just as adults do. Professionals and volunteers in community youth programs need to understand how the youth they work with experience…

  10. ADHD and Children Who Are Gifted. ERIC Digest #522. (United States)

    Webb, James T.; Latimer, Diane

    This fact sheet summarizes information on children who have an attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD), are gifted, or are both ADHD and gifted. Fourteen diagnostic criteria for ADHD from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders III are listed. A comparison of behaviors associated with ADHD and with giftedness is…

  11. Politicas de tolerancia cero (Zero Tolerance Policies). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    McAndrews, Tobin

    State legislatures and school boards are adopting a growing number of zero-tolerance polices toward weapons, guns, and violence. Zero-tolerance polices are rules intended to address specific school-safety issues. They have arisen in part as a response to the threat of the withdrawal of federal funds under the 1994 Gun-Free Schools Act, and…

  12. 76 FR 39844 - Action Affecting Export Privileges; ERIC COHEN (United States)


    ... Letter, this Settlement Agreement or the Order. Nothing in this paragraph affects Cohen's testimonial... U.S. Department of Commerce is not a party. Fifth, for a period of five years from the date of this... reason to know that the item will be, or is intended to be, exported from the United States; or E. Engage...

  13. Mimesis, en la encrucijada del exilio de Eric Auerbach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barck, Karlheinz


    Full Text Available This article is a study of the masterpiece of Erich Auerbach, Mimesis, as an exile’s book. It also examines how Auerbach confronts his text with the Jewish question. And then discusses which was the impact of Mimesis in Hispanic Letters, paying special attention to the valuable work done by the spanish republican exiles, like Eugenio Imaz, in translating and editing this book for Fondo de Cultura Económica.El presente artículo es un estudio de la obra maestra de Erich Auerbach, Mimesis, como libro del exilio. Se analiza también el modo como Auerbach confronta en él la cuestión judía y, posteriormente, se discute cuál fue la repercusión de Mimesis en las letras hispánicas, con especial atención a la valiosa labor realizada por los exiliados españoles, como Eugenio Ímaz, en su traducción y edición para FCE.

  14. Critical Literacy for Adult Literacy in Language Learners. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Van Duzer, Carol; Florez, MaryAnn Cunningham

    This digest examines critical literacy and discusses why it is important to include it in instruction for adults learning English as a Second Language (ESL). Critical literacy takes learners beyond the development of basic literacy skills such as decoding, predicting, and summarizing and asks them to become critical consumers of the information…

  15. Needs Assessment for Adult ESL Learners. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Weddel, Kathleen Santopietro; Van Duzer, Carol

    A needs assessment for use with adult learners of English is a tool that examines, from the learner's perspective, what kinds of English, native language, and literacy skills the learner believes he has, literacy contexts in which the learner lives and works, what he wants and needs to know to function in those contexts, what he expects to gain…

  16. Teenage Pregnancy. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Fact Sheet. (United States)

    Lachance, Laurie L.

    This fact sheet addresses the issue of teenage pregnancy. Six factors contributing to the current attention focused on teenage pregnancy and parenthood are listed and teenage pregnancy and birth rates are discussed. Other areas covered include teenage nonuse of contraception, sex education by schools and parents, family planning services, and the…

  17. Developing Curriculum for Democracy through International Partnerships. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hamot, Gregory E.

    The fall of communism in eastern and central Europe inspired the call for curriculum development in citizenship education throughout the growing democratic world. Many programs between U.S. institutions and newly developing democracies continue to produce curricula for democratic citizenship suited to local needs. This digest discusses: (1)…

  18. Confronting Sex Stereotypes in the Classroom (ERIC/RCS). (United States)

    Morgan, Mary


    Describes several curriculum resources that focus on eliminating sex stereotypes through nonsexist teaching strategies, activities, and material selection for middle and high school language arts, reading, and English classrooms. (RS)

  19. Lexical Approach to Second Language Teaching. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Moudraia, Olga

    This digest provides an overview of the methodological foundations underlying the lexical approach to language teaching and the pedagogical implications suggested by them. The lexical approach has received interest in recent years as an alternative to grammar-based approaches. It concentrates on developing learners' proficiency with lexis, or…

  20. Uniforms and Dress-Code Policies. ERIC Digest Number 148. (United States)

    Lumsden, Linda

    This digest examines schools' dress-code policies and discusses the legal considerations and research findings about the effects of such changes. Most revisions to dress codes involve the use of uniforms, typically as a way to curb school violence and create a positive learning environment. A recent survey of secondary school principals found that…

  1. The Vocational Education/Entrepreneurship Match. ERIC Digest No. 118. (United States)

    Lankard, Bettina A.

    Instruction in small business development is particularly appropriate in vocational and career education. Vocational education teaches students job-specific and employability skills and provides opportunities to use them in work experience programs. The profile of the adult entrepreneur reflects characteristics attributed to vocational education…

  2. Standards for the High School Psychology Course. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Morganett, L. Lee

    The latest contribution to the content standards boom that began in the 1990s comes from the American Psychological Association (APA), which recently published "National Standards for the Teaching of High School Psychology." This Digest discusses: (1) the origin and purposes of the project to develop standards for high school psychology…

  3. The Role of CTE in Entrepreneurship. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Brown, Bettina Lankard

    Entrepreneurship, or small business ownership, is an increasingly attractive option to young people and adults (including low-income populations, at-risk youth, and women) who are striving to find careers that are exciting to them and offer the potential for personal and financial success. Entrepreneurs must be self-starters, innovative, willing…

  4. Teaching Creative Writing in the Elementary School. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Essex, Christopher

    Noting that most children enter school with a natural interest in writing, this digest discusses how elementary school teachers can become actively involved in teaching creative writing to their students. The digest considers several reasons for teaching creative writing, provides practical suggestions from other teachers about teaching story…

  5. Women and Work-Place Stress. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Long, Bonita C.

    With North American women joining the work force in record numbers, the effect of employment on women's well-being is gaining attention. This digest examines various stressors affecting women in the work world and some actions companies can take to alleviate these stressors. While some studies show that work has detrimental effects on some…

  6. Ausencia estudiantil sin permiso (Student Truancy). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    DeKalb, Jay

    This Digest in Spanish examines some of the ways that truancy affects both individuals and society. It identifies factors that may place students at greater risk of becoming truant and lists some consequences of nonattendance, including delayed promotion and graduation, lowered self-esteem, and lessened employment potential. The causes of truancy…

  7. Helping Students Cope with Test Anxiety. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Harris, Henry L.; Coy, Doris R.

    One of the most threatening events that causes anxiety in students today is testing. When students develop an extreme fear of performing poorly on an examination, they experience test anxiety. Test anxiety is a major factor contributing to a variety of negative outcomes including psychological distress, academic underachievement, academic failure,…

  8. Doing Mathematics with Your Child. ERIC/CSMEE Digest. (United States)

    Hartog, Martin D.; Brosnan, Patricia A.

    Parents have the wonderful opportunity and responsibility for nurturing children. This digest presents resources that will enable parents to fulfill their responsibility for developing their children's abilities to do mathematics, while at the same time encouraging more positive attitudes towards mathematics. The resources are divided into three…

  9. Approaching Standards for Mathematics Assessment. ERIC/CSMEE Digest. (United States)

    Brosnan, Patricia A.; Hartog, Martin D.

    Current assessment practices in the classroom can affect the movement toward a child-centered curriculum in mathematics education. The mathematical community is addressing the challenge to implement standards in the areas of testing, assessment, and accountability in order to maintain this movement. This digest: (1) discusses what makes current…

  10. Mass Communication: Technology Use and Instruction. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Brynildssen, Shawna

    This Digest reviews the literature on recent attempts to incorporate technology into the instruction of journalism and mass communication. It first discusses the four main categories of current technology use in journalism and mass communication: classroom instruction; online syllabi/materials; distance learning; and technological literacy. It…

  11. Helping Adolescents Adjust to Giftedness. ERIC Digest #E489. (United States)

    Buescher, Thomas M.; Higham, Sharon

    This digest offers guidelines to parents and educators helping gifted adolescents adjust to problems related to their giftedness. Challenges to adjustment are noted in the areas of: ownership (talented adolescents simultaneously "own" and yet question the validity of their abilities); dissonance (between their high standards and their…

  12. Telecommunications in Foreign Language Education: A Resource List. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Krause, Julie

    Foreign language and bilingual educators are in the unique position of being able to bring the world to their classrooms via the telecommunications technologies. Telecommunication is electronic communication over long distances by means of an online computer service, a telephone, a television, a satellite, or other long distance technologies. This…

  13. Outdoor Education, A Bibliography of ERIC Abstracts: Supplement No. 7. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Las Cruces, NM.

    A supplement to seven previous bibliographies, this bibliography provides a guide to some of the latest resource material, research findings, and/or developments in outdoor education. Part I contains 68 citations and abstracts which appeared in "Resources in Education" (RIE) from the January 1977 issue through the October 1977 issue. Part II…

  14. Understanding and Facilitating Preschool Children's Peer Acceptance. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Kemple, Kristen M.

    This digest discusses factors associated with the acceptance and rejection of preschool children by their peers and offers a number of strategies that teachers and other adults can use in their attempts to help children achieve social acceptance. Behaviors and characteristics associated with peer rejection include aggression and misinterpretation…

  15. Psychological Dimensions of User-Computer Interfaces. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Marchionini, Gary

    This digest highlights several psychological dimensions of user-computer interfaces. First, the psychological theory behind interface design and the field of human-computer interaction (HCI) are discussed. Two psychological models, the information processing model of cognition and the mental model--both of which contribute to interface design--are…

  16. Oral Histories Link Language and Literacy (ERIC Research Reviews). (United States)

    Greene, Beth G.


    Presents annotations of 13 conference papers, books, and journal articles (published between 1988 and 1992) that serve as a starting point for an integrated study or writing unit exploring the use of oral narratives to link language and literacy. (RS)

  17. The Evolving Status of Photojournalism Education. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Cookman, Claude

    Noting that new technologies are resulting in extensive changes in the field of photojournalism, both as it is practiced and taught, this Digest reviews this rapidly evolving field of education and professional practice. It discusses what digital photography is; the history of digital photography; how digital photography has changed…

  18. Positioning Community Colleges via Economic Development. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Zeiss, Anthony

    Community colleges, because of their late arrival in the development of American education, have suffered from an image and identity problem since their inception. To deal with this problem, community colleges should position themselves as unique community-based service-oriented colleges and market a specific focus to the general public. The first…

  19. Counseling Abused Children. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Digest. (United States)

    McFadden, Emily Jean

    This digest familiarizes counselors with the four major types of child maltreatment: neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse and exploitation, and emotional abuse or neglect. A definition is provided for each, along with relevant symptoms and statistics. The subsequent discussion focuses on identifying maltreatment and on counseling abused children.…

  20. Can Cutbacks Leave School Programs Viable? ERIC Digest, Number 106. (United States)

    Weber, James

    Most public schools, out of financial necessity, have had to reduce costs while maintaining facilities and essential programs and remaining accountable for student outcomes. School downsizing can mean making painful decisions about program elimination and staff layoffs. This digest offers suggestions for using downsizing to some…

  1. Student Stress: Effects and Solutions. ERIC Digest 85-1. (United States)

    Whitman, Neal A.; And Others

    Stress is experienced by college students at different educational levels, but colleges can help reduce its destructive forms. There are explanations of why students perform badly under stress, such as "hypervigilance" (i.e., overstudying for an exam) and "premature closure" (i.e., rushing through an exam). Situations that are…

  2. Mexican American Women: Schooling, Work, and Family. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Ortiz, Flora Ida

    This digest examines the interdependence of schooling, work, and family in the lives of Mexican American women. Mexican Americans have lower educational achievement than other Hispanic subgroups and the total U.S. population, although females do somewhat better than males. Hispanic students are overrepresented in classes for special education,…

  3. Preventing and Resolving Parent-Teacher Differences. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Katz, Lilian G.; And Others

    Parents and teachers share responsibility for creating a working relationship that fosters children's learning. This digest examines the cultural context for parent-teacher relationships, suggests some general strategies for creating a climate in which misunderstandings and disagreements between parents and teachers can be minimized through…

  4. Educating the Consumer about Advertising: Some Issues. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Gottlieb, Stephen S.

    Providing a basic overview of issues related to advertising and the consumer, this digest discusses the omnipresence of advertisements, suggesting ways for consumers to recognize advertising appeals. Deceptive advertising is discussed, with particular attention paid to financial advertising. (RS)

  5. Kerlinger's Research Myths. ERIC/AE Digest Series. (United States)

    Daniel, Larry G.

    Fred N. Kerlinger has been hailed as having contributed to the transformation of the way that behavioral scientists and educators read research reports, design and execute research, and draw conclusions about research. In 1960 he introduced the notion that educational research is fraught with mythology. Three of the research myths that he…

  6. Worker-Centered Learning: Labor's Role. ERIC Digest No. 211. (United States)

    Spence, Janet G.

    Globalization of the economy and rapid technological innovation challenge today's work force to prepare for continuous change. In response to a strong mandate from their membership, labor unions have formed partnerships to deliver the necessary worker education. Because they are in daily contact with workers and have a holistic knowledge of…

  7. Eesti saab veel ühe monumendi / Eric A. Johnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johnson, Eric A.


    Eesti Vabadussõjas (1918-1920) osalesid peale soomlaste, rootslaste, taanlaste ja inglaste ka ameeriklased, kes olid enamuses Ameerika Punase Risti vabatahtlikud. Monument, mis plaanitakse valmis saada aasta lõpuks, hakkab seisma Tallinna kaitseväe kalmistul. Ilmunud ka: Linnaleht : na russkom jazõke, 23. mai 2008, lk 9 (V Estonii pojavitsja eshtshjo odin monument)

  8. Energy Conservation. The Best of ERIC, Number 19. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.

    The 13 articles in this annotated bibliography cover a wide range of concerns from the finances of energy conservation to solar energy applications, to building design, to building maintenance, and to the role of the science teacher as an energy analyst and activist. (IRT)

  9. Final Scientific/Technical Report – DE-FG02-06ER64172 – Reaction-Based Reactive Transport Modeling of Iron Reduction and Uranium Immobilization at Area 2 of the NABIR Field Research Center – Subproject to Co-PI Eric E. Roden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eric E. Roden


    This report summarizes research conducted in conjunction with a project entitled “Reaction-Based Reactive Transport Modeling of Iron Reduction and Uranium Immobilization at Area 2 of the NABIR Field Research Center”, which was funded through the Integrative Studies Element of the former NABIR Program (now the Environmental Remediation Sciences Program) within the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Dr. William Burgos (The Pennsylvania State University) was the overall PI/PD for the project, which included Brian Dempsey (Penn State), Gour-Tsyh (George) Yeh (Central Florida University), and Eric Roden (formerly at The University of Alabama, now at the University of Wisconsin) as separately-funded co-PIs. The project focused on development of a mechanistic understanding and quantitative models of coupled Fe(III)/U(VI) reduction in FRC Area 2 sediments. The work builds on our previous studies of microbial Fe(III) and U(VI) reduction, and was directly aligned with the Scheibe et al. ORNL FRC Field Project at Area 2. Area 2 is a shallow pathway for migration of contaminated groundwater to seeps in the upper reach of Bear Creek at ORNL, mainly through a ca. 1 m thick layer of gravel located 4-5 m below the ground surface. The gravel layer is sandwiched between an overlying layer of disturbed fill material, and 2-3 m of undisturbed shale saprolite derived from the underlying Nolichucky Shale bedrock. The fill was put in place when contaminated soils were excavated and replaced by native saprolite from an uncontaminated area within Bear Creek Valley; the gravel layer was presumably installed prior to addition of the fill in order to provide a stable surface for the operation of heavy machinery. The undisturbed saprolite is highly weathered bedrock that has unconsolidated character but retains much of the bedding and fracture structure of the parent rock (shale with interbedded limestone). Hydrological tracer studies conducted during the Scheibe et al. field

  10. El Desarrollo Social de los Ninos: Una Lista de Cotejo. ERIC Digest. (Young Children's Social Development: A Checklist. ERIC Digest.) (United States)

    McClellan, Diane E.; Katz, Lilian G.

    The best childhood predictor of later adult adaptation is the adequacy with which a child gets along with other children. Because social development begins in the early years, it is appropriate that early childhood programs include regular formal and informal assessment of children's acquisition of social competence. This digest presents the…

  11. La auto-regulacion y la preparacion para la escuela. ERIC Digest. (Self-Regulation and School Readiness. ERIC Digest). (United States)

    Blair, Clancy

    Self-regulation of behavior generally refers to controlled, cognitive monitoring of the actions and steps required to obtain a goal, or to bring about a desired response from the environment. Age-related changes in self-regulation as well as individual differences at a given age or developmental stage play fundamental roles in shaping children's…

  12. Puede afectar la instruccion en musica el desarrollo cognitivo de los ninos? ERIC Digest. (Can Music Instruction Affect Children's Cognitive Development? ERIC Digest). (United States)

    Rauscher, Frances H.

    Several studies have examined the effects of music instruction on children's abilities in other disciplines. Other studies have explored the effects of listening to music on adults' spatial abilities. Noting that these two sets of findings have been confused, leading to claims that listening to music can improve children's academic abilities, this…

  13. Urban Minority Students, Language, and Reading. ERIC/CUE Urban Diversity Series, Number 51; CAL/ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, Number 55. (United States)

    Hill, Clifford A.

    The great majority of poor readers in urban schools are members of an ethnic minority, a low social class, and a poor family. The simple recognition of these factors, however, is of no help in characterizing the specific sources of language norms among urban minority students or in determining the ways these distinctive norms interfere with…

  14. A Selected Bibliography on Mexican American and Native American Bilingual Education in the Southwest (With ERIC Abstracts). CAL. ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 6. (United States)

    Cahir, Stephen; And Others

    This bibliography provides access to the latest research findings or developments in bilingual education which relate specifically to Mexican Americans and/or American Indians in the Southwest. The information contained in the 263 entries is analyzed within similar limits as to its sociolinguistic significance. Compiled from abstracts which…

  15. Eric Alan Johnson : "Mne nravitsja tot duhh, kotorõi tõ oshtshushtshaejesh v Pitere" / Eric Alan Johnson ; interv. Liana Turpakova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johnson, Eric Alan


    USA saatkonna Eestis pressiatashee vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema elukäiku, vene keele õppimist, huvi Venemaa vastu, elu Leningradis, ülikoolis õppimist, tööd diplomaadina Moskvas ja Peterburis, muusika- ja kirjandushuvi

  16. Härra Eesti Energia lahkus haruldase kaevurikirkaga / Andrus Karnau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karnau, Andrus


    30. novembril oli Eesti Energia juhi kohalt lahkuval Gunnar Okil viimane tööpäev, kuigi Eesti Energia juhatus pakkus Gunnar Okile korralise lepingu lõppemise järel aastast lepingut, keeldus juhatuse esimees selle sõlmimisest. Lisa: Oki-ajastu

  17. Research Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)


    Gunnar Scott Reinbacher (editor) Antology.  Research Design : Validation in Social Sciences. Gunnar Scott Reinbacher: Introduction. Research design and validity. 15p Ole Riis: Creative Research design. 16 p Lennart Nørreklit: Validity in Research Design. 24p Gitte Sommer Harrits: Praxeological kn...

  18. Indre spenninger og ytre press

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Bjarne


    Anmeldelse af bogen 'Norsk idrett. Indre spenninger og ytre press' redigeret af Dag Vidar Hanstad, Gunnar Breivik, Mari Kristin Sisjord og Hans B. Skaset og udgivet af forlaet akilles.......Anmeldelse af bogen 'Norsk idrett. Indre spenninger og ytre press' redigeret af Dag Vidar Hanstad, Gunnar Breivik, Mari Kristin Sisjord og Hans B. Skaset og udgivet af forlaet akilles....

  19. La Violencia y el Desarrollo de los Ninos (Violence and Young Children's Development). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Wallach, Lorraine B.

    This digest examines the developmental consequences for children who are the victims of or witnesses to family and community violence. A baby's ability to trust depends upon the family's ability to provide consistent caregiving, which is compromised when the infant's family lives in a community wracked by violence. When they reach toddlerhood,…

  20. The Digital Divide and Its Implications for the Language Arts. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Stoicheva, Mila

    In the early years of the Internet, there was an expectation that the availability and easy access to online resources of unparalleled abundance would increase educational equity throughout the socio-economic spectrum. In fact, research suggests that patterns of technology access often mirror existing inequalities rather than mitigate them, and if…

  1. Towards new prospects for electromagnetic compatibility. In: Metamaterials and Wave Control, Eric Lheurette (Ed)




    This chapter focuses on the potential of metamaterials in EMC applications. It is organized as follows. In section 4.2, a short overview of electromagnetic compatibility is given. To highlight the relevance of metamaterials in EMC problems, current trends in industrial applications as well as the consequent challenges arising in EMC are described. The cases of transport and telecommunications industries are considered. The two main applications foresighted are filtering and shielding. Section...

  2. Resolving Ethical Dilemmas in the Workplace: A New Focus for Career Development. ERIC Digest No. 112. (United States)

    Lankard, Bettina A.

    The diverse, multicultural population that constitutes today's work force faces ethical dilemmas on the job that bring pressures to protect their own or their company's interests, at the risk of losing their personal integrity. Employers and vocational and career development personnel are recognizing the need for decision-making and…

  3. Estandares: El medio ambiente de las politicas (Standards: The Policy Environment). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hadderman, Margaret

    This digest in Spanish offers a snapshot of the standards movement: its origins, the definitions of standards and which ones matter, its successes at the district and state levels, the backlash against the movement, and possible policy directions. While a broad coalition of constituencies has embraced standards-based reform as a means of improving…

  4. Cancer Survivor Eric Dishman Is On a Precision Medicine Mission | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine (United States)

    ... records, independent living technologies for seniors, and behavioral markers for Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, diabetes, and heart disease,” Collins said. “Dishman is widely recognized as a ...

  5. Teenage Pregnancy and Drug Abuse: Sources of Problem Behaviors. ERIC/CUE Digest No. 58. (United States)

    Bempechat, Janine; And Others

    Drug and alcohol abuse and teenage pregnancy are two behaviors manifested by at-risk children that are both a cause and a result of their lack of success in school and possible subsequent dropping out. The distinction between substance use and abuse may be determined using the following criteria: (1) age of onset; (2) physiological responses; (3)…

  6. Recent International Documents Added to the ERIC Database on Early Childhood Education and Public Policy. (United States)

    Rothenberg, Dianne


    Presents abstracts of 10 documents and 11 journal articles representing recent research related to early childhood education, policy and educational provision in Canada, Italy, Latin America, Caribbean, Great Britain, Japan, Africa, Sweden, El Salvador, and Australia. Topics include child labor and basic education, culture and curriculum, social…

  7. Institutional Goals and Student Costs. ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No. 2. (United States)

    Weathersby, George B.; Jacobs, Frederic

    This monograph considers the relationship of institutional goals to student costs. The authors believe that student goals and institutional goals differ, and that as students perceive the extent of the differences, they will expect institutions to more closely relate their activities to the objectives of students. This goal adjustment has been…

  8. Los fundamentos de la seguridad escolar (The Fundamentals of School Security). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Gaustad, Joan

    This digest in Spanish presents ways that school administrators can realistically assess their schools' security needs. It opens by reporting that some types of school violence are declining, such as self-reported weapon carrying and fighting on school property, which reflects an overall decline in youth violence. However, schools still must…

  9. Nasdaq loobub Londoni börsist OMX-i ostmiseks / Eric Katskowski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katskowski, Eric


    USA tehnoloogiabörs Nasdaq konkureerib Dubai börsiga Skandinaavia ja Balti väärtpaberiturge juhtiva OMX-i ostmise pärast. Enn Metsari hinnangul on Tallinna börsi jaoks head mõlemad OMX-ile tehtud pakkumised

  10. Urban School-Community Parent Programs To Prevent Drug Use. ERIC/CUE Digest, Number 130. (United States)

    Schwartz, Wendy

    This digest briefly discusses some ways to involve families in their children's drug prevention education. Helping children and teenagers stay away from drugs and those who use and sell drugs is an important job in which parents and other close relatives play the most important role. Because youth experiment with drugs for the same reasons they…

  11. Teenage Suicide: Identification, Intervention and Prevention. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Fact Sheet. (United States)

    Peters, Lori J.

    This fact sheet provides data on the incidence of teenage suicide and describes the stressors which can lead to suicide. Suicide as a three-step process is discussed and warning signs are identified. Counseling interventions are listed and suggestions for preventive efforts by community members, mental health professionals, school personnel,…

  12. Eric H. Glendinning and John McEwan, Oxford English for Information Technology


    Escudié, Chantal


    Ce manuel est un outil précieux dont la parution, au printemps 2002, a suscité l’intérêt de nombreux enseignants d’anglais intervenant auprès d’étudiants en informatique. Les 25 unités du manuel balayent largement le champ de l’informatique et sont globalement de bonne facture. Le livre du professeur est un vrai guide et nous en détaillerons plus loin les points positifs. Penchons-nous tout d’abord sur le manuel de l’étudiant. Il comporte 25 unités dont la structure est la suivante : Un exerc...

  13. Nueva investigacion sobre kindergarten de dia completo (Recent Research on All-Day Kindergarten). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Clark, Patricia

    Noting that much of the early research on the effects of all-day kindergarten had serious problems with internal and external validity due to inadequate methodological standards, this Spanish-language digest reviews research conducted in the 1990s. The digest discusses the academic, social, and behavioral effects of all-day kindergarten, as well…

  14. Prevencion de la violencia en las escuelas (School Violence Prevention). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Walker, Dean

    Tactics to deal with growing violence in schools have usually relied on removal of the offender by suspension or placement outside of the mainstream classroom. However, educators and psychologists are considering the prevention of violent behavior as both a more humane and cost-effective response to the problem. The relationship between school…

  15. Animal-Assisted Therapy in Counseling and School Settings. ERIC/CASS Digest. (United States)

    Chandler, Cynthia

    The integration of animal-assisted therapy into clinical psychology is a growing phenomenon. These "co-therapists" may be of assistance to counselors when working with withdrawn and non-communicative counselees. The presence of an animal has been found to lower anxiety and motivate the counselee's participation in therapy.…

  16. Tenure, Promotion, and Reappointment: Legal and Administrative Implications. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 1. (United States)

    Baez, Benjamin; Centra, John A.

    This book addresses the legal implications of reappointment, promotion and tenure decisions bearing on college faculty with an emphasis on how understanding the relevant legal principles can inform practice. It uses scenarios and cases to illustrate the conflict between institutional and individual rights and the potential legal problems…

  17. Countering Prejudice against American Indians and Alaska Natives through Antibias Curriculum and Instruction. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Almeida, Deirdre A.

    Teaching from an antibias perspective means going beyond conventional multicultural education and introducing students to a working concept of diversity that challenges social stereotypes and discrimination. This digest describes current inadequacies in teaching about Native Americans, suggests ways to avoid common pitfalls, and provides…

  18. El Fomento de la Elasticidad en los Ninos (Fostering Resilience in Children). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Benard, Bonnie

    This digest summarizes studies that provide evidence that youth with multiple and severe risks in their lives can develop into confident and competent adults, and discusses the critical role schools can play in this process of development. Resilience is the term used to describe a set of qualities that foster a process of successful adaptation and…

  19. Los limites de las decisiones compartidas (The Limits of Shared Decision-Making). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    Since the 1980s, shared decision making (SDM) has become a significant part of school-reform efforts. Advocates say that SDM will improve student learning, create teacher satisfaction, and develop new forms of leadership. This digest in Spanish presents an overview of research that investigated whether SDM delivers on these promises. Studies…

  20. On the Horizon: Important Future Directions for Career Development: ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hiebert, Bryan; Bezanson, M. Lynne

    Career development in Canada has been gaining prominence over the past decade. This digest outlines the principles on which career development must remain focused. First, the meaning of "career success" needs to be reconceptualized. With companies downsizing, people need to be able to view themselves as successful, despite changing…


    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ike Odimegwu

    collectively common and ordinary as far as their language is considered common and ordinary. This understanding is at the background of Pierre Bourdieu's understanding of language as symbolic power. (See Bereketeab 2010, 150). Bourdieu's insight goes beyond the general view of language as a communicative tool.

  2. Los Pactos entre Padres y Maestros (Teacher-Parent Partnerships). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Swick, Kevin J.

    Research provides insight into parent attributes that support partnerships with teachers. These attributes include warmth, sensitivity, nurturance, the ability to listen, consistency, positive self-image, personal competence, and effective interpersonal skills. Researchers have cited positive attitudes, continuous teacher training, involvement in…

  3. La Evaluacion del Desarrollo de los Alumnos Preescolares (Assessing the Development of Preschoolers). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Katz, Lilian G.

    To help parents address those aspects of their child's development which may need special encouragement, support, or intervention, this digest delineates 11 categories of behavior for assessment. Parents should not be alarmed if their children are having difficulty in only a few categories, and they should not judge their children's permanent…

  4. K-12 Single-Sex Education: What Does the Research Say? ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Haag, Pamela

    Although research on the effects of K-12 single-sex education is inconclusive in general, some common themes emerge in the research literature. This Digest reviews that research with particular attention to effects on girls' attitudes and achievement. The Digest first discusses attitudinal variables (i.e., self-esteem and attitudes toward academic…

  5. Home, School, and Community in Adolescent Education. ERIC/CUE Urban Diversity Series No. 84. (United States)

    Ianni, Francis A. J.

    Current research on adolescence provides plenty of facts about delinquency, unemployment, and illegitimacy, yet tells us little or nothing about the inner life of adolescents. In an attempt to provide more information, the research reported on here describes the "periods" of adolescence as they are structured in the various…

  6. Politicas de uniformes y codigos de vestuario (Uniforms and Dress-Code Policies). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lumsden, Linda

    This digest in Spanish examines schools' dress-code policies and discusses the legal considerations and research findings about the effects of such changes. Most revisions to dress codes involve the use of uniforms, typically as a way to curb school violence and create a positive learning environment. A recent survey of secondary school principals…

  7. Nuevos patrones en el gobierno de los colegios (New Patterns of School Governance). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Renchler, Ron

    This digest in Spanish explains why public-school governance is receiving increasing scrutiny. It identifies who is held accountable for results in the current governance system and describes recent proposals for transforming governance structures. Since many reforms of the past decade bypassed the school board and district office, reformers are…

  8. Liderazgo para la cultura escolar (Leadership for School Culture). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Stolp, Stephen

    The concept of school culture offers principals and other leaders a broader framework for understanding problems and relationships within the school. School culture can be defined as the historically transmitted patterns of meaning that include the norms, values, beliefs, and myths understood by members of the school community. Researchers have…

  9. Upgrading the Target Language Proficiency Levels of Foreign Language Teachers. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Phillips, June K.

    Language teachers recognize that improving their foreign language proficiency is an ongoing process. New ways of evaluating teachers' language skills, and curriculum changes emphasizing performance highlight skill inadequacies. Many teachers have not reached functional language levels, and language skill upgrading is a more relevant issue than…

  10. The Role of Parents in the Development of Peer Group Competence. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Moore, Shirley G.

    Among studies that have examined the relationship between parenting styles and children's development of social skills, the research of Diana Baumrind is noteworthy. In several studies, she has identified authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting styles, which differ on the dimensions of nurturance and parental control. Authoritarian…

  11. Evaluando la competencia social en los ninos (Assessing Young Children's Social Competence). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    McClellan, Diane E.; Katz, Lilian G.

    During the past two decades, a convincing body of evidence has accumulated to indicate that unless children achieve minimal social competence by about the age of 6 years, they have a high probability of being at risk into adulthood in several ways. This digest presents a checklist of attributes of child social behavior that teachers are encouraged…

  12. Elderly Parents and Adult Children as Caregivers. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Digest. (United States)

    Libert, Anne Blanford

    This digest presents a contemporary description of the American elderly and adult children's caregiving to their parents. It includes a profile of the American elderly; a description of caregiving tasks performed by their adult children; and the impact of longer life expectancy, divorce rates, and employed daughters on caregiving. Caregiver strain…

  13. Project-Based Learning for Adult English Language Learners. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Moss, Donna; Van Duzer, Carol

    Project-based learning is an instructional approach that contextualizes learning by presenting learners with problems to solve or products to develop. For example, learners may research adult education resources in their community and create a handbook to share with other language learners in their program, or they might interview local employers…

  14. Improving ESL Learners' Listening Skills: At the Workplace and Beyond. ERIC PAIE Q & A. (United States)

    Van Duzer, Carol

    Listening is a critical element in the competent language performance of adult second language learners. Listening is a demanding process, because of both the process itself and factors that characterize the listener, speaker, message content, and any accompanying visual support. The speaker's use of colloquial language and reduced forms,…

  15. Valid, Reliable, and Appropriate Assessments for Adult English Language Learners. ERIC Q & A. (United States)

    Kenyon, Dorry; Van Duzer, Carol

    This document examines the concepts of validity, reliability, and appropriateness from a language testing perspective as they apply to the following four assessment issues raised by the National Reporting System (NRS): (1) What type of language assessment seems to be required by the NRS: proficiency or achievement?; (2) Knowing that the NRS…

  16. Issues in Accountability and Assessment for Adult ESL Instruction. ERIC Q & A. (United States)

    Van Duzer, Carol

    This question and answer sheet describes the legislative background of current accountability requirements for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs, the issues involved in testing level gain, and critical questions whose answers can lead the field forward. It focuses on the following: what the legislation requires; how states are meeting…

  17. ERIC First Analysis: Agricultural Policy. 1986-87 National High School Debate Resolutions. (United States)

    Wagner, David L.; Fraleigh, Douglas

    Designed to serve as a framework in which high school debate students, coaches, and judges can evaluate the issues, arguments, and evidence concerning which agricultural policies best serve the United States, this booklet provides guidelines for research on the 1986-87 debate resolutions selected by the National Federation of State High School…

  18. ERIC First Analysis: Water Resources; 1985-86 National High School Debate Resolutions. (United States)

    Wagner, David L.; Fraleigh, Douglas

    Designed to serve as a framework from which high school debate students, coaches, and judges can evaluate the issues, arguments and evidence present in the availability and quality of water resources in the United States, this booklet provides guidelines for research on the 1985-86 debate resolutions selected by the National Federation of State…

  19. Growing a Diverse Workforce in the Library and Information Science Professions. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lippincott, Kate

    The number of minority graduates from accredited graduate library and information science programs has increased in the decade from 1984-85 to 1994-95. However, the percentage of minority graduates of total graduates is small, increasing from 6.79 percent minority graduation in 1984-85 to 10.01 percent minority graduation in 1994-95. The library…

  20. Ameerika jääb number üheks / Robert Kagan ; interv. Eric Follath

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kagan, Robert


    Intervjuus ajakirjale Der Spiegel kõneleb Ameerika neokonservatiivist õpetlane ja John McCaini nõunik Bushi-Cheney aastate pärandist, Ameerika ja selle tulevase presidendi ees seisvatest ülesannetest ning Hiina ja Venemaa kasvavast agressiivsusest

  1. Sexual Harassment in Higher Education from Conflict to Community. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Riggs, Robert O.; And Others

    This brief report summarizes a longer document with the same title. The report discusses the problem of sexual harassment on college campuses and what intervention strategies academic institutions can take to help eliminate the problem. It notes that sexual harassment is a form of sexual discrimination prohibited by federal law, and examines what…

  2. Civic Education Trends in Post-Communist Countries of Central and Eastern Europe. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hamot, Gregory E.

    Developments during the decade and a half following the fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe indicate broad advancement in civic education for democracy. This digest notes the rising trend in civic education competency in Central and Eastern Europe, describes an increasingly accepted and used framework for civic education, and…

  3. The 70% Solution: Meeting the Need for High Skills. ERIC/CASS Digest. (United States)

    Hoyt, Kenneth B.; Maxey, James

    This document reports on the major activities carried out and the major findings produced by the Counseling for High Skills Project. Using a customer satisfaction approach, data were collected from 39,940 currently enrolled students in 2,145 programs in 361 postsecondary institutions in 14 states. The study examined what kinds of persons enroll in…

  4. Book Review, 50 Animali che hanno cambiato il corso della Storia, Eric Chaline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Graziani


    Full Text Available Copertina rigida "anticata", brossura cucita, carta di pregio, grafica curata nei minimi dettagli. Rientra senza dubbio nel novero della pubblicistica divulgativa di qualità questo volume uscito in Italia per i tipi di Ricca Editore. Un volume, elegante e classico, che racconta l'evoluzione dell'uomo da cacciatore ad agricoltore/pastore e, più in generale, di come ha preso piede nella storia il nuovo approccio nei confronti del regno animale. "Oltre al ruolo nel commercio e nell'agricoltura" scrive l'autore, "gli animali hanno contribuito in diversi altri modi alla cultura e alla storia dell'uomo. Alcuni come il leone, lo scarabeo sacro, il cobra e l'aquila di mare testa bianca hanno una lunga storia come simboli politici e religiosi. Nel campo della scienza e della medicina, lo studio di animali come il moscerino della frutta, il fringuello e l'iguanodonte è stato determinante per lo sviluppo della nostra conoscenza dell'evoluzione del mondo naturale."Ad ognuno dei 50 animali "che hanno cambiato il corso della Storia" viene dedicato un paragrafo sintetico, ma comunque esaustivo, corredato da foto, illustrazioni, immagini d'epoca e brevi notizie storiche, curiose e al contempo istruttive. Cosa unisce la zanzara al gin tonic? E l'ape alla mandorla? Lo sapevate che Buffalo Bill dove aver cacciato 4.000 bisonti nella sola stagione 1867-1868 divenne uno strenuo difensore della creatura vivente più grande dell'America del Nord? E che il lombrico, oltre alla sua incessante azione di riciclo biologico e minerale, è considerato una vera prelibatezza dai Maori della Nuova Zelanda? E ancora, che durante la seconda guerra mondiale un piccione chiamato G.I. Joe ricevette una medaglia dall'esercito degli Stati Uniti per aver salvato oltre mille persone? Oppure che, in contrasto con le superstizioni occidentali secondo le quali il gatto è di cattivo auspicio, in Giappone i gatti sono considerati dei veri portafortuna e che lo sport del polo ebbe origine nell'antica Persia come modo per addestrare le truppe della cavalleria alle tattiche di battaglia?

  5. Outdoor Centers and Camps: A 'Natural' Location for Youth Leadership Development. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Kielsmeier, James C.

    This digest offers camp leaders, outdoor experiential educators, school and college faculty, or youth agency staff who are interested in nurturing youth leaders a framework for designing youth leadership programs which employ an outdoor setting as a "leadership classroom." Basic categories for leadership theory are defined: trait theory,…

  6. El estres y los ninos pequenos (Stress and Young Children). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Jewett, Jan; Peterson, Karen

    Traditionally, stress has been defined in terms of its source (internal, such as hunger, pain, sensitivity to noise and external, such as separation from family, change in family composition, exposure to conflict or violence). Although the research literature tends to focus on the impact of single-variable stressors on children's development, in…

  7. How Well Are Charter Schools Serving Urban and Minority Students? ERIC/CUE Digest, Number 119. (United States)

    Schwartz, Wendy

    Charter schools are created and managed by an entity composed of parents and/ or teachers, community and/or business leaders, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit businesses. Many people believe that charter schools can provide a high quality education without the regulatory constraints of the conventional public schools. This digest reviews…

  8. Higher Education Trends (1997-1999): Students. ERIC-HE Trends. (United States)

    Kezar, Adrianna J.

    The literature on college students covers five themes: (1) financing, (2) disciplinary issues, (3) diversity, (4) retention, and (5) students' roles in campus innovations and change, although most of the literature is devoted to funding and student discipline. Most of the articles dealing with financing focus on the rising cost of tuition and…

  9. Improving Schooling to Reduce Teenage Pregnancy. ERIC/CUE Digest, Number 28. (United States)

    Ascher, Carol

    This brief digest discusses teenage pregnancy and various educational strategies that appear to affect pregnancy rates. While pregnancy among white teenagers has increased since the 1970s, the birthrate among black teenagers is still five to eight times higher. Teenage mothers and fathers have lower educational attainment and income than their…

  10. JENSEN, Eric (2004) "Cerebro y aprendizaje. Competencias e implicaciones educativas" Madrid : Narcea S.A. Ediciones


    Marcano Lárez, Beatriz E.


    En la presente obra, el autor hace importantes aportes para los interesados en profundizar en las bases biológicas del aprendizaje y sus manifestaciones en la práctica. Destaca las contribuciones de las neurociencias para la educación y le asigna gran valor a las mismas, no obstante, insta a los docentes a volverse lectores voraces y a desarrollarla investigación acción en el aula, en el sentido de probar estos hallazgos en la práctica pedagógica. Su expectativa es que progresivamente se tran...

  11. Mireya Keller, Gustav Mahler and Eric Neumann: Feminine Archetypes in En Tren de los Muertos


    McInnis, Judy B.


    En el tren de los muertos received Honorable Mention in the Contest Premio Fondo Nacional de las Artes in 1997; its author, Mireya Keller, has won numerous prizes, primarily for her short stories, in Chile and Argentina; she is also a prize-winning poet. She was born in Santiago, has resided in several Latin American countries and in Rome. Since 1992, she has lived in Buenos Aires where, since 1996, she has worked with a group of four writers to produce the radio program “Contextos”. Her nove...

  12. Alignment of Standards and Assessments as an Accountability Criterion. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    La Marca, Paul M.

    This digest provides an overview of the concept of alignment and the role it plays in assessment and accountability systems. It also discusses methodological issues affecting the study of alignment and explores the relationship between alignment and test score interpretation. Alignment refers to the degree of match between test content and subject…

  13. Planning for Parent Participation in Schools for Young Children. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Coleman, Mick

    Because family and school represent the primary environments in which young children grow and develop, it is important to build and maintain strong parent participation in preschool education. Teachers can plan parent participation strategies to give equal consideration to the needs of all families represented in a class. Teachers can plan for…

  14. Learning Disabilities: Glossary of Some Important Terms. ERIC Digest #E517. (United States)

    Lokerson, Jean

    This digest presents definitions of 30 important terms in the field of learning disabilities. They are: accommodations, assistive technology, attention deficit disorder, brain imaging techniques, brain injury, collaboration, developmental aphasia, direct instruction, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyslexia, dysnomia, dyspraxia, learned helplessness,…

  15. Violence in Audio-Visual Media: How Educators Can Respond. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hepburn, Mary A.

    Over the past 20 years there have been numerous studies and frequent warnings about violent television programs and movies arousing young people to act violently. Researchers have pointed to many hours of viewing excessive violence as a potential contributor to violent behavior by youngsters. This digest examines evidence of violence in television…

  16. Herzberg's Theory of Motivation and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. ERIC/AE Digest. (United States)

    Gawel, Joseph E.

    Among the behavioral theories embraced by American business are those of Frederick Herzberg and Abraham Maslow. Herzberg proposed a theory about job factors that motivate employees, and Maslow developed a theory about the rank and satisfaction of human needs and how people pursue those needs. This digest briefly outlines both theories and then…

  17. Professional School Counselors Can Make Positive Connections with Homeschoolers. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Dansby-Giles, Gloria

    The homeschooling movement has grown in popularity as evidenced by the involvement of an estimated 1.2 million students and cooperative programs offered by schools. There is however a sparsity of research dealing with the participation of homeschoolers in school counseling programs. The extension of services to homeschoolers would involve…

  18. El Apoyo a las Ninas en la Temprana Adolescencia (Supporting Girls in Early Adolescence). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Rothenberg, Dianne

    Results of national studies suggest that for girls, the middle grades can be a time of significant decline in self-esteem and academic achievement. Reasons for this decline are not clearly indicated by research, but it is likely that multiple factors are involved. One factor is the preferential treatment boys receive in the classroom.…

  19. Olympic Casino trügib pokkeriga jõuliselt turismiturule / Eric Katskowski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katskowski, Eric


    Olympic Casino rahvusvahelisel pokkeriturniiril oli osalejate hulk varasemast märgatavalt suurem. Hasartmängude korraldajate liidu tegevdirektori Tõnis Rüütli hinnangul on tekkinud uus turisminishsh, mida võib nimetada pokkeriturismiks. Diagrammid

  20. Abuso sexual por parte de los empleados del colegio (Sexual Misconduct by School Employees). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Goorian, Brad

    This digest in Spanish defines sexual misconduct and offers guidelines that school boards and administrators can initiate to protect students from unwanted sexual behavior. The law recognizes two types of sexual misconduct: quid pro quo, when a school employee grants a student a favor in exchange for sexual gratification, and hostile environment,…

  1. Building Leadership Skills in Middle School Girls through Interscholastic Athletics. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hart, Lawrence; Gary, Juneau Mahan; Duhamel, Christie Creney; Homefield, Kimberly

    For the middle school-aged female athlete, self-esteem, empowerment, and self-confidence are often bolstered through participation in interscholastic competitive sports. These traits are also traits of leadership. This digest discusses how many contributing factors and people mold the student athlete into a leader but the process must be…

  2. Computer Software: Copyright and Licensing Considerations for Schools and Libraries. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Reed, Mary Hutchings

    This digest notes that the terms and conditions of computer software package license agreements control the use of software in schools and libraries, and examines the implications of computer software license agreements for classroom use and for library lending policies. Guidelines are provided for interpreting the Copyright Act, and insuring the…

  3. Juegos de videos: Investigacion, puntajes y recomendaciones (Video Games: Research, Ratings and Recommendations). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Cesarone, Bernard

    This Spanish-language digest reviews research on the demographics and effects of video game playing, discusses game rating systems, and offers recommendations for parents. The digest begins by discussing research on the time children spend playing electronic games, which shows that younger children's game playing at home (90% of fourth-graders…

  4. Motivacion y estudiantes de secundaria (Motivation and Middle School Students). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Anderman, Lynley Hicks; Midgley, Carol

    Research has shown a decline in motivation and performance for many children as they move from elementary school into middle school; however, research has also shown that the nature of motivational change on entry to middle school depends on characteristics of the learning environment in which students find themselves. This Digest outlines some…

  5. What Parents Want To Know about Foreign Language Immersion Programs. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Fortune, Tara W.; Tedick, Diane J.

    Modeled after the pioneering French immersion programs developed in Canada in the 1960s, foreign language immersion programs in the United States are designed to enrich the education of native-English-speaking students by teaching them all of their academic subjects in a second language. The goal is for students to become proficient in the second…

  6. Motivating Students for Excellence. The Best of ERIC on Educational Management, Number 73. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.

    The first 2 of the 12 publications reviewed in this annotated bibliography use Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs to address problems, respectively, of teaching composition and of motivating students by teaching them how to set goals, formulate goal-achievement strategies, and successfully implement their plans. Subsequent reports suggest ways of…

  7. "what's the use of poetry..." : [luuletused] / Jürgen Rooste ; tlk. Eric Dickens

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rooste, Jürgen, 1979-


    "what's the use of poetry..." ; "in danish town rivers are flowing..." ; "at work..." ; "WILL YOU LOVE ME UNTIL THE EDGE OF ETERNETY...". Orig.: "milleks on vaja luulet..." ; "töö juures..." ; "KASSA ARMASTAD MIND IGAVIKU ÄÄRENI..."

  8. Rändluskõne hind alaneb peagi kuni kaks korda / Eric Katskowski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katskowski, Eric


    30. juunil 2007 jõustunud Euroopa Komisjoni määrusest, mille kohaselt alandatakse alates 30. juulist Euroopa Liidu siseste rändluskõnede (roaming) hinda. Lisatud diagramm: rändluse kõnehinnad alanevad 2009. aastani

  9. Teaching the Abused Migrant Child: What's a Teacher To Do? ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Wolverton, Lorrie

    Research conducted by Eastern Stream Child Abuse Prevention and Education (ESCAPE) from 1982-1985 clearly identified migrant children as a population at high risk of being maltreated. It is therefore imperative that migrant teachers understand the dynamics of maltreatment and what they, as individuals, can do to prevent it. Child abuse is…

  10. Marketing in Higher Education. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No. 5, 1981. (United States)

    Grabowski, Stanley M.

    Approaches to developing a successful marketing program for universities that is fair to both students and the academic integrity of the institution are considered. A comprehensive marketing plan includes market research, positioning, strategy formulation; recruitment/admission, communications, curriculum evaluation, retention, and evaluation.…

  11. Ambientes de lenguaje y alfabetizacion en programas preescolares (Language and Literacy Environments in Preschools). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Snow, Catherine E.; Burns, M. Susan; Griffin, Peg

    Because of the variation in support for literacy development in different homes, many children need high-quality preschool and school environments and excellent primary instruction to be sure of reading success. This Spanish-language Digest discusses the research on preschool literacy environments and their contributions to reading skills…

  12. Liberal Education in Transition. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No. 3, 1980. (United States)

    Conrad, Clifton F.; Wyer, Jean C.

    The changing tradition of liberal education in America is examined against the backdrop of Greek, medieval, colonial American and German expressions of the liberal tradition and its necessary humanistic disciplines and pursuits. After a historical discussion of various manifestations of liberal education through the ages, recent strains of liberal…

  13. Tartu Jaani kirik = The St John's Church in Tartu / Kaur Alttoa ; tõlk. Eric Dickens

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alttoa, Kaur, 1947-


    Kiriku ehitusloost, ajaloost, arhitektuurist, interjööridest. 1991. a. alanud kiriku taastamisest. Restaureerimisprojektist (arhitekt Udo Tiirmaa, insener H. Uuetalu, kunstiajaloolane Kaur Alttoa), terrakotaskulptuuride konserveerimisest. Ehitab firma "Wunibald". 9 ill

  14. Uncovering the Hidden Web, Part II: Resources for Your Classroom. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Mardis, Marcia

    Too often, search engines don't see and directories can overlook clearinghouses, digital libraries, full-text databases, and learning objects. In contrast, the hidden Web is rich with these high quality and cutting-edge learning materials. By integrating resources from the hidden Web into the classroom, educators extend their instruction in new…

  15. Uncovering the Hidden Web, Part I: Finding What the Search Engines Don't. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Mardis, Marcia

    Currently, the World Wide Web contains an estimated 7.4 million sites (OCLC, 2001). Yet even the most experienced searcher, using the most robust search engines, can access only about 16% of these pages (Dahn, 2001). The other 84% of the publicly available information on the Web is referred to as the "hidden,""invisible," or…

  16. Selecting Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Materials: Suggestions for Service Providers. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Santos, Rosa Milagros; Reese, Debbie

    The population of the United States is growing more culturally diverse each year, and this diversity is clearly evident among families with young children; however, individuals who work in early childhood programs are not as diverse as those they serve. Moreover, many early childhood professionals have little preparation for working with families…

  17. USA dollari jätkuv nõrgenemine toob Kreenholmile tulu / Eric Katskowski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katskowski, Eric


    Kreenholm Holding Groupi finantsdirektori Aivar Meldersi sõnul on dollari nõrgenemine olnud ettevõttele kasulik. Kreenholm tarnib pool puuvillakogusest USA-st ning müüb 85% kaubast Lääne-Euroopasse. Graafik: Dollari kurss Eesti krooni suhtes

  18. Credit Card Usage and Debt among College and University Students. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Holub, Tamara

    Since the late 1990s, lawmakers, college officials, consumer advocacy groups, and higher education practitioners have become increasingly concerned about the rising use of credit cards among college students. Some recent studies have provided information about credit card use among college students. These studies include: (1) a study conducted by…

  19. Tecnologias mas nuevas para la seguridad escolar (Newer Technologies for School Security). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Schneider, Tod

    This digest in Spanish describes several technologies that can be used to control access to, and improve surveillance of, school grounds. Access can be controlled by using "smart" cards to control keyed entries. Many schools have problems with multiple copies of keys, and these card systems are integrated with computer software that…

  20. Interdisciplinarity: The Mutable Paradigm. AAHE/ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No 9, 1978. (United States)

    Mayville, William V.

    The many forms of interdisciplinarity in higher education institutions and the various ways it has been used to advance curricular changes are examined. Definitions of interdisciplinarity and its variants (multi-, pluri-, and transdisciplinarity) provide a conceptual framework for the examination. In this study, interdisciplinarity is understood…

  1. Should Your College Start a Center for the Delivery of Contract Training Programs? ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Deegan, William L.

    Community colleges have been at the forefront in providing contract training programs for clients such as businesses, health care organizations, and government agencies. Many state governments are beginning to provide resources for these programs as an incentive to attract or retain business and industry. One of the consequences of the demand for…

  2. Learning about the Human Genome. Part 1: Challenge to Science Educators. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Haury, David L.

    This digest explains how to inform high school students and their parents about the human genome project (HGP) and how the information from this milestone finding will affect future biological and medical research and challenge science educators. The sections include: (1) "The Emerging Legacy of the HGP"; (2) "Transforming How…

  3. Adult Development: Implications for Adult Education. Overview. ERIC Digest No. 41. (United States)

    Naylor, Michele

    Various researchers, including Carl Jung, Charlotte Buhler, Erik Erikson, and Robert Havighurst, have formulated sequential models of adult development. More recent investigators, such as Daniel Levinson, Roger Gould, and Gail Sheehy have formulated age-related sequential models of adult development that view the various stages of adulthood in…

  4. Journal Writing in Experiential Education: Possibilities, Problems, and Recommendations. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

    This digest explores the literature related to journal writing from various disciplines, including psychology, language studies, outdoor education, and experiential education. Although journal writing has been around since ancient times, it was not until the early 1960s that it flourished as a learning tool. Instructors from a wide range of…

  5. Perfilando a los estudiantes en relacion con la violencia (Profiling Students for Violence). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lumsden, Linda

    This digest in Spanish discusses student profiling and describes strategies for reducing the risk of violence in schools. "Student profiling" refers to a process in which checklists of behaviors and personal characteristics associated with youth who have perpetrated violence are used to determine a student's potential for future…

  6. Communicative Competence. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 15. (United States)

    Allen, Edward D.

    In the first part of this paper several theories on the subject of communicative competence are examined. Part 2 is devoted to a discussion of how a teacher can test for communicative competence, and the practicality of this type of testing, in terms of class time, equipment required and objective grading, is emphasized. Part 3 summarizes a number…

  7. ACTFL Annual Bibliography, 1974. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 35. (United States)

    Benseler, David P., Comp.

    This 2,380-item annotated bibliography is a selective list of books and articles related to foreign language pedagogy. The entries are grouped by topic, in the following individual sections: Festschriften and Other Analyzed Collections, General, Bilingualism, Linguistics, Culture, Teaching the Foreign Literature, Curricular Problems and…

  8. Error Analysis in the Classroom. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 12. (United States)

    Powell, Patricia B.

    This paper begins with a discussion of the meaning and importance of error analysis in language teaching and learning. The practical implications of what error analysis is for the classroom teacher are discussed, along with several possible systems for classifying learner errors. The need for the language teacher to establish certain priorities in…

  9. Working Papers in Linguistics. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 5. (United States)

    Shopen, Tim, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography, compiled in an effort to improve the dissemination of linguistic information, provides information about 53 working papers series. It is the result of responses to questionnaires sent out during the past year. Most of the inquiries were made at institutions within the United States, but a few entries from other…

  10. USA kongresmen Chandler - sõber, kes aitas Eestil tunnustust leida / Eric A. Johnson, Oliver Prits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johnson, Eric A.


    Advokaadi ja USA kongressi liikme Walter M. Chandleri (1867-1935) tegevusest Balti riikide de jure tunnustamiseks. Lisatud: USA valitsuse avaldus Balti riikide tunnustamisest ; väike elulugu : Jeesuse advokaat

  11. Ameeriklased, kes andsid elu Eesti eest / Eric A. Johnson, Pille Lodi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johnson, Eric A.


    Ameerika ühendriikide leitnandid, Punase Risti ohvitserid Clifford A. Blanton ja George W. Winfield surid Narvas 1920. aasta märtsis, kui osalesid vabatahtlikult missioonil, et tüüfuseepideemias linna ümber karantiinitsoon luua

  12. Las estrategias de un lider (The Strategies of a Leader). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    A decade ago, principals were asked to become instructional leaders who exercised firm control by setting goals, maintaining discipline, and evaluating results. Today, they are encouraged to act as facilitative leaders by building teams, creating networks, and "governing from the center." Rapid shifts in administrative philosophy can be…




  14. Nestarejushtsheje telo, vetshnõi duhh / Dipak Tshopra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tshopra, Dipak


    10 vananemisvastast teesi : väited, mis vabastavad mõistuse veendumusest vananeda. Varem avaldatud : Nestarejushtsheje telo, vetshnõi duhh. Kvantovaja alternativa starenija. - Moskva : Kron-press; Korona, 1994

  15. Pierre Bourdieu (höfundur; Davíð Kristinsson (ritstjóri, ritar inngang; Björn Þorsteinsson, Egill Arnarson og Gunnar Harðarson (þýðendur: Almenningsálitið er ekki til

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ólafur Þ. Harðarson


    Full Text Available Ég hlakkaði til að lesa þetta kver eftir Bourdieu, enda hef ég rannsakað lýðræði, kosningar og almenningsálit í þrjátíu ár og kennt námskeið um efnið. Hafði auk þess heyrt ýmsa tala um þennan Frakka af lotningu, en er lítt eða ekki kunnugur verkum hans, enda skólaður í engilsaxneskri hefð. Ekki hafði ég lengi lesið þegar í hugann kom: Þetta hef ég lesið áður! Hressileg aðkenning að desjavú. Uppúr 1970 las ég tvo franska strúktúralíska marxista nokkuð vel (og var lengi að því, Althusser og Poulantzas. Þá voru þeir í tísku - seinna fór illa fyrir báðum en það skiptir ekki máli hér. Lesturinn á þeim tvímenningum reyndist mér afar gagnlegur. Ég lærði að tyrfinn texti þarf ekki endilega að segja mikið þegar hann hefur verið "afbyggður". Ég lærði að nokkur virðing fyrir staðreyndum getur farið saman við kennilega kreddufestu: Ný-marxistarnir uppúr 1970 sögðu m.a. að það væri að vísu rétt að ýmis svið samfélagsins byggju við tiltekið sjálfstæði (relative autonomy, t.d. pólitíska sviðið og menningarsviðið. Samfélagið væri flóknara en svo að ríkisvaldið væri einbert framkvæmdaráð borgarastéttarinnar. En - og það var stórt en - samt væri það hagkerfið sem réði þegar allt kæmi til alls (determinant in the last instance. Þótt komið væri dálítið á móts við staðreyndir og gögn var áfram trúað á kredduna.

  16. Green Christmas kasvas suureks / Aarne Mäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäe, Aarne, 1967-


    Suurbritannia rockansambli Paradise Lost' kontsertidest 18. dets. Rakvere spordihallis ja Riias Kipsala hallis, rockfestivali Green Christmas korraldamisest Gunnar Viese ja Oleg Knjazevi ühisfirma Baltic East Machine poolt

  17. New English translation of the Estonian national epic

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumis antakse 2011. a. välja Triinu Kartuse inglise keelde tõlgitud "Kalevipoeg" Gunnar Neeme illustratsioonidega. Sellega tähistatakse "Kalevipoja" esmailmumise 150. aastapäeva

  18. Kartlegging av læringsutbyttebeskrivelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kise, Åshild; Fibiger, Marianne Qvortrup; Samuelson, Gunnar


    Evalueringsrapport af samtlige teologiske og religionsvidenskabelige uddannelser på universitets- og højskoleniveau I Norge. Rapporten er lavet I samarbejde med Gunnar Samuelssson fra Goteborg Universitet og af NOKUT (Norges organ for kvalitet I uddannelsen)...

  19. Reforzando a los Alumnos Diversos Culturalmente y Linguisticamente con Aprendizaje. Traduccion de ERIC EC Digest #E500. (Empowering Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students with Learning Problems). Translation of ERIC EC Digest #E500. (United States)

    Cummins, Jim

    This digest describes ways in which professionals who work with students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds can create an educational climate that accepts and respects the language and culture of its students and empowers them to feel confident enough to risk getting involved in the learning process. Methods of creating such an…

  20. Igualdad y suficiencia en las finanzas de la educacion (Equity and Adequacy in Educational Finance). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hadderman, Margaret

    This digest in Spanish discusses efforts to achieve financial equity in education. It describes the extent of financial disparity and how, after 3 decades of litigation, such disparities among districts and among states remain high. In New Jersey alone, the per-pupil expenditures ranged from $5,900 to $11,950. Even with such inequities, some…

  1. Catusse Myriam, Destremau Blandine et Verdier Eric (dir.), L’État face aux débo


    Longuenesse, Élisabeth


    Cet ouvrage est le résultat d’un programme de coopération entre deux petites équipes françaises issues de l’Iremam et du Lest, et quelques équipes universitaires ou de recherche maghrébines (le Crasc à Oran, le Leid à Rabat, le Creq à Marrakech), qui visait à interroger les logiques de redéploiement de l’action publique face à la crise sociale « à travers trois activités, se former, travailler, être protégé ». Le livre compte 15 chapitres, dont près de la moitié (sept) traitent de la formatio...

  2. Como ayudar a los padres a prevenir el envenenamiento por plomo (Helping Parents Prevent Lead Poisoning). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Binns, Helen J.; Ricks, Omar Benton

    Children are at greater risk than adults for lead poisoning because children absorb lead more readily than adults, and a small amount of lead in children's bodies can do a great deal of harm. This Spanish-language Digest summarizes some of the causes and effects of childhood lead poisoning and suggests some lead poisoning prevention strategies…

  3. Enhancing Promotion, Tenure and Beyond: Faculty Socialization as a Cultural Process. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 6. (United States)

    Tierney, William G.; Rhoads, Robert A.

    This monograph examines the importance of understanding faculty socialization as a cultural process in the context of the current changes urged on higher education. An opening section explores the links between culture and commitment and the importance of understanding such links in light of faculty diversity and other challenges. A second section…

  4. The interdisciplinary role of space geodesy; Proceedings of the International Workshop, Erice, Italy, July 23-29, 1988 (United States)

    Mueller, Ivan I. (Editor); Zerbini, Susanna (Editor)


    The current status of space geodesy and research plans for the 1990s are discussed in reviews and reports. Sections are devoted to the short-term and long-term dynamics of the solid earth, interactions between space geodesy and other disciplines and programs (geodynamics, earth structure, ocean physics, atmosphere and climate, planetary science, and fundamental physics), instrumentation, data analysis, reference coordinate systems, and education. Also provided are overviews of the French, ESA, and NASA geodetic research programs and descriptions of the Soviet Glonass navigation satellites, the WEGENER/MEDLAS observation program, and the Lageos II laser-ranging satellites. Diagrams, graphs, maps, and tables of numerical data are provided.

  5. Pueden las reducciones no afectar la viabilidad de los programas escolares? (Can Cutbacks Leave School Programs Viable?). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Weber, James

    Most public schools, out of financial necessity, have had to reduce costs while maintaining facilities and essential programs and remaining accountable for student outcomes. School downsizing can mean making painful decisions about program elimination and staff layoffs. This digest in Spanish offers suggestions for using downsizing to some…

  6. Faculty Research Performance: Lessons from the Sciences and the Social Sciences. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 4, 1985. (United States)

    Creswell, John W.

    The literature on faculty research performance is reviewed, with a focus on research by individual faculty members. The literature on the sociology of science and data-based results from sociological studies are emphasized. Attention is directed to measures of performance, the explanations and specific correlates likely to influence high research…

  7. Making a Community Interesting to Itself: Providing a Social Education through Urban History and Neighborhood Studies. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A.

    Community studies and an urban focus are returning to the social studies. This digest reviews urban studies from a historical perspective. The first section discusses the value of studying cities, noting that city living is becoming fashionable again, and a movement called the New Urbanism has brought a new appreciation for the social, cultural,…

  8. The Assessment of Minority Groups: An Annotated Bibliography. ERIC-IRCD Urban Disadvantaged Series, Number 34, August 1973. (United States)

    Barabas, Jean, Comp.

    The materials cited here represent information on such diverse but interrelated areas as: methods of assessing achievement, intelligence, personality factors, and attitudes; effects of testing on self concept and employment opportunities; prediction of academic success; reliability and validity of specific tests; criticism of the methods and use…

  9. An enhanced rheometer inertia correction procedure (ERIC) for the study of gelling systems using combined motor-transducer rheometers (United States)

    Hudson, R. E.; Holder, A. J.; Hawkins, K. M.; Williams, P. R.; Curtis, D. J.


    The rheological characterisation of viscoelastic materials undergoing a sol-gel transition at the Gel Point (GP) has important applications in a wide range of industrial, biological, and clinical environments and can provide information regarding both kinetic and microstructural aspects of gelation. The most rigorous basis for identifying the GP involves exploiting the frequency dependence of the real and imaginary parts of the complex shear modulus of the critical gel (the system at the GP) measured under small amplitude oscillatory shear conditions. This approach to GP identification requires that rheological data be obtained over a range of oscillatory shear frequencies. Such measurements are limited by sample mutation considerations (at low frequencies) and, when experiments are conducted using combined motor-transducer (CMT) rheometers, by instrument inertia considerations (at high frequencies). Together, sample mutation and inertia induced artefacts can lead to significant errors in the determination of the GP. Overcoming such artefacts is important, however, as the extension of the range of frequencies available to the experimentalist promises both more accurate GP determination and the ability to study rapidly gelling samples. Herein, we exploit the frequency independent viscoelastic properties of the critical gel to develop and evaluate an enhanced rheometer inertia correction procedure. The procedure allows acquisition of valid GP data at previously inaccessible frequencies (using CMT rheometers) and is applied in a study of the concentration dependence of bovine gelatin gelation GP parameters. A previously unreported concentration dependence of the stress relaxation exponent (α) for critical gelatin gels has been identified, which approaches a limiting value (α = 0.7) at low gelatin concentrations, this being in agreement with previous studies and theoretical predictions for percolating systems at the GP.

  10. La calidad del cuidado infantil: Un resumen para padres (Child Care Quality: An Overview for Parents). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Patten, Peggy; Ricks, Omar Benton

    Many parents want to know how important the quality of care is to children's social, emotional, and academic development. This Digest synthesizes some major recent research on child care quality. First, the Digest explains what features contribute to quality of care. The Digest also explains the differences between studies of how quality is…

  11. Como los colegios asignan y utilizan sus recursos? (How Schools Allocate and Use Their Resources). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Picus, Lawrence O.

    School finance has traditionally concentrated on the distribution of resources to school districts, focusing primarily on the equitable distribution of funds within a state. In recent years, more attention has been paid to the issue of productivity--how effectively school districts use the funds they receive to provide education to students. This…

  12. The Value of a Thematic Organization for Language Arts, Grades 6-8. ERIC Topical Bibliography and Commentary. (United States)

    Smith, Carl B., Ed.

    This topical bibliography and commentary highlights the major points of the available literature on the value of using a "thematic organization" for the teaching of language arts classes in grades 6 through 8. It begins with a definition of the thematic organization approach, as culled from the literature. It then presents briefly a few examples…




  14. El juego de aparentar y el desarrollo de los ninos pequenos (Pretend Play and Young Children's Development). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Bergen, Doris

    Although pretend play has long been part of the early childhood curriculum, recent emphasis on accountability in education seems to have led to a decline in the general understanding of the contribution that high-quality play can make to children's cognitive development in the early years. This Spanish-language Digest defines the cluster of…

  15. Motivation of Teachers. ACSA School Management Digest, Series 1, Number 18. ERIC/CEM Research Analysis Series, Number 46. (United States)

    Thompson, Sydney

    This publication discusses intrinsic teacher motivation by reviewing human resources literature and making use of educational literature and interviews with working educators. First it provides sketches of the work motivation theories of McGregor, Maslow, Herzberg, and Deci. Next, the paper examines the work and problems of teachers. Finally, it…

  16. Van koploper energie verbruiker naar kampioen energie besparen : Nieuwe kennis ontwikkelen en toepassen (interview met Eric Poot en Jouke Campen)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arkesteijn, M.; Poot, E.H.; Campen, J.B.


    Kas als Energiebron is het innovatie- en actieprogramma van de sector en de overheid om de energiedoelen binnen bereik te brengen en telers kennis in handen te geven om energie te besparen en duurzame energie in te zetten. Het programma heeft al veel innovaties opgeleverd, waarvan een flink aantal

  17. USA ajakirjandusõppejõud: maailm on tänu Wikileaksile parem / Eric Freedman ; intervjueerinud Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Freedman, Eric


    Intervjuu Pulitzeri preemia laureaadi ja ajakirjandusõppejõuga ajakirjanduse õpetamisest postsovetlikes riikides, paberajalehe tulevikust, sotsiaalmeediast ja Wikileaksist, isikuandmete kaitsest ja andmete avaldamisest, trendidest USA meedias

  18. The Seneca Falls Convention: Teaching about the Rights of Women and the Heritage of the Declaration of Independence. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Osborn, Elizabeth R.

    Different groups at different times have turned to founding documents of the United States to meet their needs and to declare their entitlement to the promises of the Revolution of 1776. At Seneca Falls, New York in the summer of 1848, a group of U.S. men and women met to discuss the legal limitations imposed on women during this period. Their…

  19. Los estudiantes que se mudan de escuela y el logro academico (Student Mobility and Academic Achievement). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Rumberger, Russell W.

    Student mobility (students moving from one school to another for reasons other than being promoted to the next school level) is widespread in the United States. This Spanish-language Digest examines the research on the academic consequences of mobility for elementary school students and discusses what schools and parents can do to mitigate the…

  20. A Selected Bibliography on Language Input To Young Children. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics. (United States)

    Andersen, Elaine S., Comp.

    Thirty-one papers and reports dealing with recent work on language input to children are listed in this annotated bibliography. The annotations, which are descriptive rather than evaluative, summarize the design of each study, the nature of the data, and some of the results and conclusions. Entries by P. Broen, J. Bynon, L. Cherry, J. M. Crawford,…

  1. Using Community Resources in Foreign Language Teaching. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 7. (United States)

    Levy, Stephen L.

    The objective of this paper is to show how the resources of the community can be incorporated into a foreign language program. The term "community," as used here, refers to the educational component of a district, local political organizations, religious groups, cultural organizations, professional organizations, civic organizations, community and…

  2. Listening Comprehension in the Foreign Language Classroom. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 16. (United States)

    Quinn, Terence; Wheeler, James

    This paper suggests that language teachers reconsider their approach to listening comprehension, as recent studies seem to indicate that listening is not a passive but a highly active skill. The importance of listening comprehension as an independent skill is stressed in the first section, and principles of speech processing from which the…

  3. Evaluando los resultados de la reforma escolar total (Evaluating the Results of Whole-School Reform). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hertling, Elizabeth

    This digest in Spanish examines what is involved in evaluating whole-school reform programs. Such evaluations are necessary to renew Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration (CSRD) program grants and are intended to help schools determine what is working and what needs to be changed. Two primary goals of CSRD evaluation are to create a flexible…

  4. Estrategias para mejorar los resultados academicos para las latinas (Strategies for Improving the Educational Outcomes of Latinas). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Schwartz, Wendy

    The educational experiences of Latinas are affected by the interaction of many factors, including poverty, racism, sexual harassment, and lack of English language proficiency. This Spanish-language digest presents a range of strategies that schools can employ to promote the academic achievement of Latinas. Schools should communicate that Hispanic…

  5. Kronecker PCA based spatio-temporal modeling of video for dismount classification (United States)

    Greenewald, Kristjan H.; Hero, Alfred O.


    We consider the application of KronPCA spatio-temporal modeling techniques1, 2 to the extraction of spatiotemporal features for video dismount classification. KronPCA performs a low-rank type of dimensionality reduction that is adapted to spatio-temporal data and is characterized by the T frame multiframe mean μ and covariance ∑ of p spatial features. For further regularization and improved inverse estimation, we also use the diagonally corrected KronPCA shrinkage methods we presented in.1 We apply this very general method to the modeling of the multivariate temporal behavior of HOG features extracted from pedestrian bounding boxes in video, with gender classification in a challenging dataset chosen as a specific application. The learned covariances for each class are used to extract spatiotemporal features which are then classified, achieving competitive classification performance.

  6. Academic Literacies and Systemic Functional Linguistics: How Do They Relate? (United States)

    Coffin, Caroline; Donohue, James P.


    Two approaches to English for Academic Purposes (EAP) research and teaching which have arisen in recent years are systemic functional linguistics (SFL) approaches in Australia and elsewhere (e.g. Hood, 2006; Lee, 2010; Woodward-Kron, 2009) and Academic Literacies approaches in the UK and elsewhere (e.g. Lillis & Scott, 2008; Thesen &…

  7. Model-order reduction of biochemical reaction networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rao, Shodhan; Schaft, Arjan van der; Eunen, Karen van; Bakker, Barbara M.; Jayawardhana, Bayu


    In this paper we propose a model-order reduction method for chemical reaction networks governed by general enzyme kinetics, including the mass-action and Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The model-order reduction method is based on the Kron reduction of the weighted Laplacian matrix which describes the

  8. Impediments to Enhancing Availability of Mental Health Services in Schools: Fragmentation, Overspecialization, Counterproductive Competition, and Marginalization. ERIC/CASS-NASP Premier Partnership Paper. (United States)

    Adelman, Howard S.; Taylor, Linda

    Concerns about enhancing availability and access to mental health services in schools range from sparse resources to the proliferation of piecemeal and overspecialized interventions arising from categorical funding. This paper discusses such concerns and stresses that they must be addressed from a perspective that fully appreciates the degree to…

  9. El Papel de los Padres en el Desarrollo de la Competencia Social (The Role of Parents in the Development of Peer Group Competence). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Moore, Shirley G.

    Among studies that have examined the relationship between parenting styles and children's development of social skills, the research of Diana Baumrind is noteworthy. In several studies, she has identified authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting styles, which differ on the dimensions of nurturance and parental control. Authoritarian…

  10. Seleccionando materiales adecuados cultural y linguisticamente: Sugerencias para los proveedores de servicios (Selecting Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Materials: Suggestions for Service Providers). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Santos, Rosa Milagros; Reese, Debbie

    The population of the United States is growing more culturally diverse each year, and this diversity is clearly evident among families with young children; however, individuals who work in early childhood programs are not as diverse as those they serve. Moreover, many early childhood professionals have little preparation for working with families…

  11. Biokaristusõigus - uus distsipliin? : mõtteid inimbiotehnikast ja selle karistusõiguslikest piirjoontest ektogeneesi näitel / Eric Hilgendorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hilgendorf, Eric, 1960-


    Viljastatud munaraku väljaspool inimorganismi kasvatamise karistusõiguslikest aspektidest. Käesolev tekst on jätk artiklile "Ektogenees ja karistusõigus" (Hilgendorf 1994). Tõlkeallikas: Der Wandel des Staates vor den Herausforderungen der Gegenwart: Festschrift für Winfried Brohm zum 70. Geburtstag. Hrsg. von Carl-Eugen Eberle, Martin Ibler, Dieter Lorenz, München: Beck, 2002, S. 387-404

  12. El recreo en la escuela primaria: Que indica la investigacion? (Recess in Elementary School: What Does the Research Say?) ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Jarrett, Olga S.

    Compared to the rest of the school day, recess is a time when children have more freedom to choose what they want to do and with whom. In light of the current climate of school accountability, this Spanish-language Digest discusses research on recess and its relationship to learning, social development, and child health, as well as research on…

  13. Enfoque en las horas despues del dia en escuela para la prevencion de violencia (Focus on After-School Time for Violence Prevention). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Patten, Peggy; Robertson, Anne S.

    Perhaps 8 million children spend the after-school hours at home alone. In the absence of adult supervision, many of these youth are likely to engage in delinquent or other high-risk activities. This Spanish-language digest reveals research that suggests after-school programs can help to prevent youths from engaging in these activities in two ways:…

  14. La preparacion del maestro y la interaccion entre maestro y nino en programas preescolares (Teacher Preparation and Teacher-Child Interaction in Preschools). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Kontos, Susan; Wilcox-Herzog, Amanda

    It is generally agreed that because so much basic early learning occurs through interactive experiences when children are very young, the quality of teacher-child interactions contributes substantially to effects of group care and preschool education on children. Thus it is important to know if specialized teacher education in early childhood…

  15. Manejando las burlas: Como los padres pueden ayudar a sus hijos (Easing the Teasing: How Parents Can Help Their Children). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Freedman, Judy S.

    Children who are teased on a school bus, in class, or during recess often do not want to return to school. Unfortunately, teasing can occur anywhere, and it is difficult to prevent--despite the best efforts of parents, teachers, and school administrators to create a more cooperative atmosphere. This Spanish-language Digest discusses different…

  16. La investigacion sobre la calidad de los programas para ninos de hasta dos anos de edad (Research on Quality in Infant-Toddler Programs). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    Concern about the quality of infant-toddler care programs has grown recently in response to two factors. The first is the need of employed parents for such care, and the second is research emphasizing the importance of brain development in the early years. This Spanish-language Digest introduces some of the many issues related to the quality of…

  17. An Invitation to Behavior Analysts: Review of in Search of Memory: The Emergence of A New Science of Mind by Eric R. Kandel


    Mechner, Francis


    This fascinating autobiography and multifaceted case history in neuroscience research is accessible to laymen and potentially instructive to working scientists. Kandel takes the reader through his thought processes as he describes experiments that led to some of the past decades' major neuroscience discoveries (some highlights of which are summarized in the review's Appendix), and eventually to his Nobel Prize. The review analyzes some of the terminological and conceptual issues that have oft...

  18. Perspectivas sobre las escuelas charter: Una resena para padres de familia (Perspectives on Charter Schools: A Review for Parents). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Donahoo, Saran

    Recently, charter schools have gained popularity with parents, students, and others as alternatives to public schools, but what are charter schools and what effects are they having? This Spanish-language Digest defines charter schools and clarifies some of the administrative and legal details surrounding such schools. The Digest also lays out some…

  19. La intimidacion en el comienzo de la adolescencia: La funcion del grupo social (Bullying in Early Adolescence: The Role of the Peer Group). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Espelage, Dorothy L.

    One notable gap in the evolving literature on bullying and victimization during early adolescence is the role that peers play in promoting such behavior by either reinforcing the aggressor, failing to intervene to stop the victimization, or affiliating with students who bully. This Spanish-language Digest looks at the limited research available on…

  20. A Selected Bibliography on Language Learners' Systems and Error Analysis. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 21. (United States)

    Valdman, Albert, Comp.; Walz, Joel, Comp.

    This selected bibliography on language learners' systems and error analysis is divided into five section. Section 1 deals with the notion of approximative or intermediate systems and interlanguage, and with more classical studies on contrastive analysis. Section 2 focuses on the concept and definition of learner errors and includes items dealing…

  1. Effective School Leaders. Q&A with Eric A. Hanushek, Ph.D. REL Mid-Atlantic Teacher Effectiveness Webinar Series (United States)

    Regional Educational Laboratory Mid-Atlantic, 2014


    This webinar on effective school leaders discussed the important relationship between a school's socio-economic status, school leadership, and teacher turnover rate. Participants explored the major role of school leaders in fostering teacher effectiveness and discussed strategies they can use at the local level to increase school leader…

  2. A Selected List of Instructional Materials for English as a Second Language: Elementary Level. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 19. (United States)

    Marckwardt, Maybelle

    This is a list of forty-two textbooks, audio-visual aids, puzzles and games, readers, multi-media materials, and workbooks designed for use in teaching English as a second language at the elementary level. The entries are arranged alphabetically by author, and each includes a brief annotation. (PMP)

  3. The Current Status of U.S. Bilingual Education Legislation. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 23. (United States)

    Geffert, Hannah; And Others

    This report, prepared by the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, collects federal, state, and other legisltation in effect as of April 15, 1975. This is an update of the report published by the Center for Applied Linguistics in 1971. The notes preceding the statutes presented here indicate the laws in the previous compilation which were…

  4. Foreign Language Instruction and Career Preparation: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 51. (United States)

    Wilkins, Ernest J.; And Others

    This bibliography on foreign language instruction and career preparation is divided into four parts. Part I presents general materials on the intersection of foreign language instruction and career preparation. Materials in Part II provide specific examples of programs or courses that are designed to address the issue of preparation of students of…

  5. Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages in the United States, 1975: A Dipstick Paper. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 39. (United States)

    Paulston, Christina B.

    This report, prepared for the September 1975 UNESCO Meeting of Experts on the Diversification of Methods and Techniques for Teaching a Second Language, examines major achievements and recent trends of second language teaching in the United States. English is learned as a second language for several purposes - as a cultural acquisition, for…

  6. A Bibliography of American Doctoral Dissertations in Linguistics: 1968-1974. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 53. (United States)

    Jokovich, Nancy, Comp.; Behrens, Sophia, Comp.

    This bibliography is the final volume of a project begun in 1975, an update of the Center for Applied Linguistics' publication, "A Bibliography of American Doctoral Dissertations in Linguistics: 1900-1964," complied by Phillip R. Rutherford. In this update, an attempt was made to also cover the linguistics-related fields such as anthropology,…

  7. Testing in English as a Second Language: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 40. (United States)

    Garcia-Zamor, Marie; Birdsong, David

    This bibliography on testing in English as a second language (ESL) is divided into four sections. Section 1, Second Language Testing, includes texts and articles that treat the general and overall aspects of second language testing. Many of the theories, techniques, and tests discussed in these works also apply to ESL. The items in the second…

  8. The Role of the Bilingual Community in Mandated Bilingual Education. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 49. (United States)

    Brisk, Maria E.

    It is the purpose of the present report to alert community organizers, school officials, and scholars to their mutual interest in securing community involvement in the planning and execution of bilingual programs. Strategies are proposed for bilingual communities to follow when confronted with mandated bilingual education. The proposed process is…

  9. Graduate Theses and Dissertations in English as a Second Language: 1975-1976. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics. No. 45. (United States)

    Cooper, Stephen, Comp.

    This listing is an attempt to provide graduate students and other researchers in ESL (English as a Second Language) with specific, comprehensive data on contemporary studies. The bibliography consists of 110 titles of theses and dissertations completed between July 1975 and June 1976 at degree-granting institutions in the United States and Canada.…

  10. Spanish-English Bilingual Education in the U.S.: Current Issues, Resources, and Research Priorities. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 41. (United States)

    Ramirez, Manuel; And Others

    This report is the result of an investigation conducted to identify the current issues, resources, and funding priorities in Spanish-English bilingual education in the United States. Although it deals solely with Spanish-English bilingualism, a great deal of the material should prove to be relevant to other bilingual situations in the United…

  11. Language and Reading Comprehension. Linguistics and Reading Series: 2. Papers in Applied Linguistics. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 52. (United States)

    Wanat, Stanley F., Ed.

    This collection provides a number of perspectives on the central role that language plays in reading comprehension. Following an introduction by the editor, entitled "Attention and Individual Differences in Comprehension," the following papers are presented: (1) "The Line of Sight Approach," by Norman H. Mackworth; (2) "The Information Processing…

  12. Effects of Social Situation on Language Use: Theory and Application. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics No. 10. (United States)

    Cheek, William; And Others

    Foreign language students often find themselves unable to produce appropriate responses in certain social situations. A contributing factor is that until recently, linguists and foreign language educators have concentrated on the student's acquisition of language (phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon), and have not concerned themselves with…

  13. Audiovisual Materials for the Teaching of Language Variation. An Annotated Bibliography. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 31. (United States)

    Tripp, Rosemary; Behrens, Sophia

    This annotated bibliography provides information concerning audiovisual aids available for use in teaching and teacher training in language variation. A variety of topics are covered, including regional dialect studies, language change, language acquisition, social dialects, and language in education. Each entry includes the name of the product,…

  14. A Selected Bibliography of Films and Videotapes on Foreign Language Teacher Training. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 8. (United States)

    Eddy, Peter A., Comp.

    This bibliography was prepared for foreign language teacher trainers and curriculum specialists for use in preservice and inservice instruction. The audiovisual materials cited here have been compiled from an extensive search of AV center catalogues and periodicals in which such materials are advertised. The listings have been grouped into four…

  15. Pre-Student Teaching Experiences in Second Language Teacher Education Programs. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 14. (United States)

    Jorstad, Helen L.

    This paper discusses the need for and importance of field-based experiences in the training of prospective second language teachers prior to student teaching. Several types of field-based experiences are described: (1) experiences actually based on schools, including observation and participation; (2) teaching experiences based on the college or…

  16. A Bibliography of American Doctoral Dissertations in Linguistics, 1965-1967. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, Number 28. (United States)

    Jokovich, Nancy

    This is a bibliography of American doctoral dissertations in linguistics completed between 1965 and 1967. It is an update of Phillip R. Rutherford's "Bibliography of American Doctoral Dissertations," which covered the years 1900-1964 and was published by the Center for Applied Linguistics in 1968. There are 614 entries in the present bibliography,…

  17. A Selected List of Instructional Materials for English as a Second Language: Secondary Level. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 20. (United States)

    Marckwardt, Maybelle

    This is a list of forty-five textbooks, vocabulary books, puzzles and games, readers and conversation texts designed for use in teaching English as a second language at the secondary level. The entries are arranged alphabetically by author, and each includes a brief annotation. (PMP)

  18. American Doctoral Dissertations in Foreign Language Education, 1965-1974: An Annotated Bibliography. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 36. (United States)

    Birdsong, David, Comp.

    This nonselective, nonevaluative annotated bibliography compiles and synopsizes the mass of American doctoral dissertations written in the field of foreign language education between 1965 and 1974. Dissertations dealing primarily with allied fields such as bilingual education and English as a second language are excluded from this listing, but…

  19. Audiovisual Materials for the Teaching of Language Acquisition: An Annotated Bibliography. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 32. (United States)

    Tripp, Rosemary; Behrens, Sophia

    This annotated bibliography provides information concerning audiovisual aids for use in teaching and teacher training in language acquisition. A variety of areas is covered, including children's acquisition of morphology, phonology, and semantics, vocabulary and language development, the acquisition of specific items such as negatives and…

  20. Projecting a Better Image: Slides and the Foreign Language Teacher. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 48. (United States)

    Galt, Alan

    This handbook demonstrates how to make and present travel slides for the language and culture course with maximum effectiveness. There are six basic rules for the teacher to follow: (1) fill the frame; (2) suppress your ego; keep yourself and your relatives out of your picture; (3) leave the audience wishing for more slides, not fewer; (4) vary…

  1. A Selected List of Instructional Materials for English as a Second Language: College Level. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 27. (United States)

    Fox, Robert P.

    This annotated bibliography contains 130 items on instructional aids for ESL teaching. Entries include: textbooks, reading, composition, and vocabulary workbooks, graded readings and skits and advanced literature readers, conversation guidebooks, supplementary audiolingual manuals, self-instruction dialogue books, idiom workbooks, pattern drills…

  2. Computer-Assisted and Programed Instruction in Foreign Languages: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 50. (United States)

    Birdsong, David

    The documents listed in this annotated bibliography on computer-aided and programmed instruction in foreign languages appeared in RIE during the period from April 1971 through February 1977. The selection comprises reports on conference and research projects, papers concerned with theory and application, and descriptions of teaching materials. The…

  3. Tartlased lõid uut laadi tetrisemängu : eestlased pürivad miljarditurule / Kristiina Kruuse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruuse, Kristiina


    Uus iPhone´i mäng Wristbreaker, mille investorid on Sven Illingu ettevõte iCapital ja Mattias Linnap. Mängu loomisse on panustanud ka Gunnar Eelmäe, Jaak Ennuste ja Tartu Teaduspargis tegutsev ettevõte Indilo Wireless

  4. Eesti esimene kaasaegne tuulepark : [Virtsus] / Raimo Pirksaar, Valdur Tiit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pirksaar, Raimo


    1,8 MW võimsusega Virtsu tuulepargi käivitamine 2002. a. sügisel oli Eesti taastuvenergeetika jaoks oluline samm. Tuulepargi avamisel osalesid Eesti Vabariigi president Arnold Rüütel, Saksamaa Liitvabariigi suursaadik Eestis Jürgen Dröge, regionaalminister Toivo Asmer, Eesti Energia juhatuse esimees Gunnar Okk jt. Fotod

  5. Eesti Energia juhi küsimus jäi ajapuudusel lahendamata / Villy Paimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paimets, Villy, 1972-


    Eesti Energia nõukogu jättis otsustamata, kas ettevõtte juhatuse esimehe kohale kuulutatakse välja avalik konkurss. Vt. samas: Oki valulaps on elektri hind; Kronoloogia: Eesti Energia on Gunnar Oki juhtimisel kõvasti kosunud

  6. Politsei rakendaks roolijoodikutele aresti / Tõnis Sulu ; interv. Peeter Kuimet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sulu, Tõnis


    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 14. juuni lk. 6. Liikluspolitsei liiklusjärelevalve talituse juht räägib liiklusõnnetuste statistikast ja karistuspoliitikast, pidades vajalikuks joobes juhtide arestimajja paigutamist. Kommenteerib Sirje Lilleorg. Vt. samas: Liiklusekspert: Eesti vajab reaalselt toimivat veapunktisüsteemi. Liikluspsühholoog Gunnar Meinhardi arvamus

  7. Taking a stroll through the shelves of the History of Estonian Thought / Paavo Matsin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsin, Paavo, 1970-


    Raamatusarjast "Eesti mõttelugu" (kirj. Ilmamaa). Pikemalt on tutvustatud Uku Masingu artiklikogumikke "Pessimismi põhjendus" (1995) ja "Meil on lootust" (1998), Haljand Udami "Orienditeekonda" (2001) ja Vaino Vahingu "Vaimuhaiguse müüti" (2005). Autor soovitab "Eesti mõtteloo" sarjas välja anda Gunnar Aarma artiklikogumik

  8. Det sorte USA

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndal, Jørn

    Bogen gennemgår det sorte USAs historie fra 1776 til 2016, idet grundtemaet er spændingsforholdet mellem USAs grundlæggelsesidealer og den racemæssige praksis, et spændingsforhold som Gunnar Myrdal kaldte "det amerikanske dilemma." Bogen, der er opbygget som politisk, social og racemæssig historie...

  9. Viking Line'i lahkuva "kapteni" 9 põhimõtet / Nils-Erik Eklund

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eklund, Nils-Erik


    2009. aasta 1. juunil 50-aastaseks saanud laevakompanii Viking Line ametist lahkuv juht Nils-Erik Eklund vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad oma isa, Viking Line'i asutaja Gunnar Eklundi jälgedes käimist, ettevõtte võimalikku laienemist teistesse tegevusaladesse, peamisi juhtimispõhimõtteid ning keerulisemaid hetki Viking Line'i ajaloos

  10. Lidli tulek viib Säästumarketi oma hindu langetama / Andres Kärssin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärssin, Andres, 1971-


    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 7. mai lk. 3. Kesko Food AS-i juhatuse esimees Gunnar Kobini sõnul on sakslaste Lidl ja Säästumarket ainsad, kes suudavad tulevikus hinda müüa ja kasumit teenida. Tabel: Lidl. Säästumarket

  11. Eduka ettevõtte aluseks saab olla vaid looming / Ave Schmidt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schmidt, Ave


    Tänapäeva ettevõttele tagavad konkurentsieelise inspiratsioon ja originaalsed ideed. Arvamust avaldavad Tallinna kohviku Nop asutaja Margit Aasmäe, Estonian Airi arendusdirektor Gunnar Mägi, Tallinna Kaubamaja müügi- ja turundusdirektor Enn Parel ja Balteco disainijuht Aivar Habakukk

  12. Resten i Vesten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moberg, Bergur Rønne

    kontekst med kraftlinjer mellem kontinentale romanklassikere af Thomas Mann og Albert Camus og Atlanterhavserfaringer hos fire færøske romanforfattere: William Heinesen, Jørgen-Frantz Jacobsen, Jens Pauli Heinesen og Gunnar Hoydal. Vægten er lagt på færøsk litteratur, der har skabt en række værker af...

  13. The Historiographical Dilemma in Myrdal's American Creed: Rhetoric's Role in Rescuing a Historical Moment. (United States)

    Clark, E. Culpepper; McKerrow, Raymie E.


    Reexamines Gunnar Myrdal's "An American Dilemma" (1944), which argued race relations in America would improve because the American Creed of democratic liberalism created a dilemma between existing racial prejudice and the national ideology. Describes how Myrdal's deterministic perspective robbed civil rights historiography of its drama…

  14. Clinton lubas isiklikult aidata Eesti üle Euroliidu läve / Priit Pullerits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullerits, Priit, 1965-


    USA ekspresident Bill Clinton lubas isiklikult kaasa aidata, et iirlased ütleksid rahvahääletusel Nizza lepingule jah-sõna. Vt. samas küsimusele, kuidas peaks Eesti reageerima Clintoni ettepanekule vastavad Lennart Meri, Siim Kallas, Mart Laar, Gunnar Hololei. Parlamendisaadik

  15. Architects in Danish Graphic Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejlers, Steen


    Danske arkitekter har ydet et afgørende bidrag til dansk grafisk design i det 20. århundrede. Artiklen omtaler Thorvald Bindesbøll, Knud V Engelhardt, Gunnar Biilmann Petersen, Ib Andersen, Claus Achton Friis og Naur Klint.  Udgivelsesdato: 1997...

  16. Fantastilisi hirmuelamusi neljandat aastat / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013


    17.-19. aprillini Haapsalu Kultuurikeskuses toimuvast 4. Haapsalu Õudus- ja Fantaasiafilmide festivalist. Mõningate filmide tutvustusi: festivali avafilm soomlase AJ Annila "Saun", Patrick Syverseni "Inimjaht" (Norra), Gunnar B. Gudmundssoni "Astropia" (Island), Jose Mojica Marinsi "Kurjuse kehastus", inglase Steven Sheili "Emme&Issi" ning teise inglase Simeon Halligani "Killustunud"

  17. The hunt for authentic tradition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejlers, Steen


    Professor Gunnar Biilmann Petersen var en del af the Scandinavian Design Group, der rådgav den irske stat vedr designudvikling i efterkrigstidens Irland. Artiklen beskriver hvorledes dette arbejde førte til hans engagement i flere "typisk irske" designprojekter, keltisk inspirerede souvenirs og f...

  18. Emajõe Ateena ehitab äribuumi kolmele T-le : teadus, tervishoid ja turism / Airi Ilisson, Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilisson, Airi, 1980-


    Tartu linna majanduslikust arengust lähiaastatel. Prioriteedid on teadmispõhine ettevõtlus, terviseturism ja transport. Lisad: Ruumi ka suurtööstusele; Projektid; Kõrgtehnoloogiline Tartu. Kaart: Investeerimisvõimalused. Vt. samas: lühiintervjuud Neinar Seli, Rein Kilgi ja Gunnar Kraftiga

  19. Det sorte USA

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndal, Jørn

    Bogen gennemgår det sorte USAs historie fra 1776 til 2016, idet grundtemaet er spændingsforholdet mellem USAs grundlæggelsesidealer og den racemæssige praksis, et spændingsforhold som Gunnar Myrdal kaldte "det amerikanske dilemma." Bogen, der er opbygget som politisk, social og racemæssig histori...

  20. Täna kell 17 avatakse Draakoni galerii keldrisaalis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Jaan Paavle maali-, video- ja filminäitus "Draakon Draakonis". Näha saab 1985. a. koostöös Gunnar Okiga valminud eksperimentaalfilmi "Elagu!", 1994. a. ETVs valminud "Väikest luulesaadet", 2005. a. valminud videot "Ma ütlen"

  1. Connecting to the West : Estonia seeks to sever its ties with Russian power networks / Jaclyn M Sindrich

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sindrich, Jaclyn M


    President Lennart Meri, peaminister Mart Laari, majandusminister Mihkel Pärnoja ja Eesti Energia juhatuse esimehe Gunnar Oki kohtumisel tõdeti, et Eesti jaoks on julgeolekupoliitiliseks eelistuseks ühenduse loomine Lääne-Euroopa elektrivõrkudega, mis tähendab ühtlasi Eesti elektrivõrkude lahtiühendamist Venemaa energiasüsteemist

  2. Balancing risk: site remediation outside the environmental assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yankovich, T.L.; Klyashtorin, A.; Guo, Z.; Muldoon, J.; Lysohirka, S.; Petelina, E.; Gergely, E. [Saskatchewan Research Council, Saskatoon, SK (Canada); Jacklin, T.; Heffron, T. [AECOM, Calgary, AB (Canada); Smith, R. [R.S. Management Services Inc., Prince Albert, SK (Canada)


    In Canada, an environmental assessment (EA) is typically required for physical works or physical activities that are to be undertaken at a given site, such as those that would be required when performing environmental remediation at an abandoned mine site. In general, the type of EA required under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) tends to be commensurate with risk, whereby a comprehensive study is required for projects with the potential to cause significant adverse environmental effects. Remediation of the Gunnar Mine Site, an abandoned uranium mine/mill in Northern Saskatchewan, is currently undergoing a comprehensive EA to develop plans for the sustainable remediation of the Gunnar pit, two waste rock piles, three areas of unconfined tailings and the mine site itself. The site was abandoned in 1964, with little to no remediation. As a result, buildings and structures present on the site deteriorated over time due to scavenging of building materials that had taken place and exposure to the harsh northern conditions. To address the risks associated with buildings and structures in a timely manner, on July 23, 2010, the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) issued an Order to address those that have failed a structural safety assessment to be taken down by no later than October 31, 2011 (prior to approval of the Gunnar EA). To accomplish this, it was necessary for the Saskatchewan Research Council (SRC) to plan the work in a safe and cost-effective manner, with consideration of both the short-term mitigative measures required under the Order and the long-term end-state of the Gunnar Mine Site following remediation. Work is proceeding on budget and ahead of schedule on the abatement and demolition of buildings and structures at Gunnar. An overview of the considerations taken, the project accomplishments and the lessons learned will be provided. (author)

  3. New polymer lithium secondary batteries based on ORMOCER (R) electrolytes-inorganic-organic polymers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Popall, M.; Buestrich, R.; Semrau, G.


    Based on new plasticized inorganic-organic polymer electrolytes CM. Popall, M. Andrei, J. Kappel, J. Kron, K. Olma, B. Olsowski,'ORMOCERs as Inorganic-organic Electrolytes for New Solid State Lithium Batteries and Supercapacitors', Electrochim. Acta 43 (1998) 1155] new flexible foil-batteries in ......Based on new plasticized inorganic-organic polymer electrolytes CM. Popall, M. Andrei, J. Kappel, J. Kron, K. Olma, B. Olsowski,'ORMOCERs as Inorganic-organic Electrolytes for New Solid State Lithium Batteries and Supercapacitors', Electrochim. Acta 43 (1998) 1155] new flexible foil......-batteries in 'coffee bag arrangement' were assembled and tested. The electrolyte works as separator and binder for the cathodes. Self-diffusion NMR studies on the system (EC/PC/Li+N(SO2CF3)(2)(-)/ORMOCER(R)) resulted in cationic transport numbers t(+)) of 0.42 for the EC/PC/salt system and 0.35 for the ternary...

  4. Surface photometry of new nearby dwarf galaxies


    Makarova, L. N.; Karachentsev, I. D.; Grebel, E. K.; Barsunova, O. Yu.


    We present CCD surface photometry of 16 nearby dwarf galaxies, many of which were only recently discovered. Our sample comprises both isolated galaxies and galaxies that are members of nearby galaxy groups. The observations were obtained in the Johnson B and V bands (and in some cases in Kron-Cousins I). We derive surface brightness profiles, total magnitudes, and integrated colors. For the 11 galaxies in our sample with distance estimates the absolute B magnitudes lie in the range of -10>Mb>...

  5. An Xdata Architecture for Federated Graph Models and Multi-tier Asymmetric Computing (United States)


    Wikipedia, a scale-free random graph (kron), Akamai trace route data, Bitcoin transaction data, and a Twitter follower network. We present results for...3x (SSSP on a random graph) and nearly 300x (Akamai and Bitcoin ) over the CPU performance of a well-known and widely deployed CPU-based graph...provided better throughput for smaller frontiers such as roadmaps or the Bitcoin data set. In our work, we have focused on two-phase kernels, but it

  6. 76 FR 77684 - Establishment of the Fort Ross-Seaview Viticultural Area (United States)


    ... August 2, 2010 article by Eric Asimov, the chief wine critic for the New York Times, that discusses the..., not to mention those to the south near Freestone and Occidental'' (Eric Asimov, ``The Evolution of...

  7. If I Should Die Today

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Brandon Sheffield; Brandon SheffieldChris Remo


      GB: If I can add something to this, on the creative process, which [Eric Chahi] just described, it's very, very exciting to work with Eric on such a project, but at the same time, it's quite scary...

  8. Suri fetishismi isa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    New Yorgis suri kunstnik ja koomiksite joonistaja, pärastsõja-aegse Ameerika bondage-erootika illustraator Eric Stanton. Paar aastat tagasi avaldas Saksa kirjastus Taschen Stantoni elust ja loomingust raamatu, mille toimetas erootikafotograaf Eric Kroll

  9. Long-Term Effects of Targeted Killings by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (United States)


    Attorney General Eric Holder elaborated on the US commitment to other nations’ sovereignty, stating international law constrains US actions. Echoing...targeted strikes. Echoing similar arguments from the UN Special Rapporteur, Amnesty International published a report in 2012 accusing the United States...Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, September 16, 2011). 54Eric Holder, “ Attorney General Eric Holder Speaks at Northwestern University

  10. Rules for Thesaurus Preparation. (United States)

    National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Panel on Educational Terminology.

    This is a revision of the "Rules for Thesaurus Preparation," published in October 1966. These rules are designed to help the Central ERIC staff and the staffs of the ERIC Clearinghouses make similar decisions related to the addition and modification of terms in the "Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors," Second Edition. In addition to…

  11. Hvis Hundelev kan...


    Reedtz Husted, Jeppe; Jespersen, Søren; Hinchely, Nanna; Beck Rasmussen, Dorte; Juul Riemenschneider, Maria


    This paper examines a small Danish community called Hundelev that is experiencing a positive development. The reason for this success is examined through an analysis of the different capitals that Hundelev holds and in what way they have an impact on the development. In the first part of the analysis Gunnar Lind Haase Svendsen’s terms are used. Through the paragraph it is discovered that mainly human and social capital are important factors for the development in Hundelev. The second part of ...

  12. A review of results after implantation of a secondary intraocular lens to correct residual refractive error after cataract surgery


    Gundersen, Kjell Gunnar; Potvin, Rick


    Kjell Gunnar Gundersen,1 Rick Potvin2 1Ifocus Øyeklinikk AS, Haugesund, Norway; 2Science in Vision, Akron, NY, USA Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide clinical outcomes data related to secondary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for the correction of residual refractive error after cataract surgery.Patients and methods: A chart review was conducted to identify all eyes implanted with the monofocal spherical or toric AddOn® secondary IOL. Data were collated...

  13. A catalogue of Irish pollen diagrams


    Mitchell, Fraser


    PUBLISHED The first Irish pollen diagram was published by Gunnar Erdtman in the Irish Naturalists? Journal in 1927. Since then over 471 pollen diagrams have been produced from locations throughout Ireland from a range of sites and time spans. The data from these pollen diagrams can be used to reconstruct vegetation dynamics over long time scales and so facilitate the investigation of climate change impacts, plant migration and the scale of human induced landscape change. In this paper we ...

  14. Sensory impairments in community health care: a descriptive study of hearing and vision among elderly Norwegians living at home


    Haanes GG; Kirkevold M; Horgen G; Hofoss D; Eilertsen G


    Gro Gade Haanes,1 Marit Kirkevold,2 Gunnar Horgen,1 Dag Hofoss,2 Grethe Eilertsen1 1Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Kongsberg, Norway; 2University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Background: Hearing and vision impairments increase with age and are common risk factors for functional decline reduced social participation and withdrawal. Objective: Describe the hearing and vision of home care patients older than 80 years. Methods: Ninety-three older adults (80+ years) receiving home care were sc...

  15. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 651 - 700 of 1198 ... Kloos, Helmut · Kloos, Helmut · Kloos, Helmut · Kloos, Helmut · Koblinsky, M · Kogi-Makau, W · Koopman, Simone · Korra, Antenane · Kruseman, G · Kullgren, Gunnar · Kuma, T · Kumbi, S · Kumbi, S · Kume, A · Kumie, A · Kumie, A · Kumie, Abera · Kumie, Abera · Kumie, Abera · Kumie, Abera · Kuru ...

  16. Kolm küsimust esimese leedi kandidaatidele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Tiia Tulviste, Kirsti Savi, Sirje Priimägi, Mari-Ann Kelam ja Mari Tarand vastavad küsimustele, kuidas nad suhtuvad sattumisse presidendikampaaniasse, millisena nad näevad enda rolli presidendivalimiste kampaanias ja mida nad tahaksid teha esimese leedina. Eesti presidendi abikaasa rollist ühiskonnast räägivad Jaak Allik, Enn Eesmaa, Toomas Tiivel, Vilja Savisaar ja Gunnar Paal. Parlamendisaadik (M.-A. Kelam)

  17. Claus Achton Friis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejlers, Steen


    Grafiker, professor Claus Achton Friis 1917-1999 er en central skikkelse i det 20.århundredes danske brugsgrafik. Han er ophavsmand til en mængde emballager, frimærker og heraldik og desuden formgiver af en række fremragende skrifter. Han var elev af grafikeren professor Gunnar Biilmann Petersen ...... blev selv, i en sen alder, professor på Kunstakademiets Afdeling for Grafisk Design....

  18. Ethical issues in research on control of the HIV/AIDS epidemic: report from a workshop of the world federation of scientists, Erice, Sicily, Italy, 22-24 August 2003. (United States)

    de Thé, G; Buonaguro, F; Charpak, N; Franca Junior, I; Hutton, J L; Thorstensson, R; Valdas, E; Zetterström, R


    In research on control of the HIV/AIDS epidemic there are many ethical issues to be considered. The problem of personal autonomy versus the interest of society to prevent the spread of the disease in various settings makes it difficult to follow the regulations of the Declaration of Helsinki in all respects. This is particularly clear in the evaluation of trials aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The interest of the child does not always conform to the policy of avoiding stigmatization of the mother. Programmes for the implementation of antiretroviral therapy and vaccine trials may differ in countries with different mean incomes of the inhabitants, and are also influenced by local patterns. For this reason, the Declaration of Helsinki should be changed in such a way that it conforms with the ways in which it may be possible to combat such a disastrous epidemic as that caused by HIV.

  19. Comment on: "Crustal strength in central Tibet determined from Holocene shoreline deflection around Siling Co" by Xuhua Shi, Eric Kirby, Kevin P. Furlong, Kai Meng, Ruth Robinson and Erchie Wang (United States)

    England, Philip C.; Walker, Richard T.


    Shi et al. (2015) analysed the distributions of elevation of palaeoshorelines around Siling Tso, central Tibet assuming a model in which surface loads are entirely supported by an elastic lid overlying an inviscid fluid. They concluded that the thickness of the elastic lid is 20-30 km and that, for the assumption of an inviscid substrate in this model to be valid, the viscosity of the crust below the elastic lid must be less than 1- 2 ×1019 Pas. Here we relax the assumption of an inviscid lower crust and show that the distribution of shoreline elevations may be explained either by a thick elastic lid or by high viscosity in the lower crust. In the limit of an inviscid lower crust, the thickness of the elastic lid must be greater than 25 to 39 km. If the elastic lid is thinner than this, then the viscosity of the crust beneath must be at least 5 ×1019 to 2 ×1020 Pas, depending on the time interval over which the lake was loaded.

  20. The meaning of "significance" for different types of research [translated and annotated by Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Denny Borsboom, Josine Verhagen, Rogier Kievit, Marjan Bakker, Angelique Cramer, Dora Matzke, Don Mellenbergh, and Han L. J. van der Maas]. 1969. (United States)

    de Groot, A D


    Adrianus Dingeman de Groot (1914-2006) was one of the most influential Dutch psychologists. He became famous for his work "Thought and Choice in Chess", but his main contribution was methodological--De Groot co-founded the Department of Psychological Methods at the University of Amsterdam (together with R. F. van Naerssen), founded one of the leading testing and assessment companies (CITO), and wrote the monograph "Methodology" that centers on the empirical-scientific cycle: observation-induction-deduction-testing-evaluation. Here we translate one of De Groot's early articles, published in 1956 in the Dutch journal Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Psychologie en Haar Grensgebieden. This article is more topical now than it was almost 60years ago. De Groot stresses the difference between exploratory and confirmatory ("hypothesis testing") research and argues that statistical inference is only sensible for the latter: "One 'is allowed' to apply statistical tests in exploratory research, just as long as one realizes that they do not have evidential impact". De Groot may have also been one of the first psychologists to argue explicitly for preregistration of experiments and the associated plan of statistical analysis. The appendix provides annotations that connect De Groot's arguments to the current-day debate on transparency and reproducibility in psychological science. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Catusse Myriam, Destremau Blandine et Verdier Eric (dir.), L’État face aux débordements du social. Formation, travail et protection sociale, Iremam-Kathala, 2010, 468 p.


    Élisabeth Longuenesse


    Cet ouvrage est le résultat d’un programme de coopération entre deux petites équipes françaises issues de l’Iremam et du Lest, et quelques équipes universitaires ou de recherche maghrébines (le Crasc à Oran, le Leid à Rabat, le Creq à Marrakech), qui visait à interroger les logiques de redéploiement de l’action publique face à la crise sociale « à travers trois activités, se former, travailler, être protégé ». Le livre compte 15 chapitres, dont près de la moitié (sept) traitent de la formatio...

  2. Certification, Credentialing, Licensing and the Renewal Process. Proceedings of a Conference Sponsored by Northwest Adult Education Association, Washington Continuing Education Association, ERIC Clearinghouse in Career Education (Seattle, Washington, February, 1976). (United States)

    Long, James S., Ed.; Boshier, Roger, Ed.

    Issues concerned with the certification of continuing education are addressed in this report. Topics of the keynote addresses are (1) Compulsory Continuing Education for Professionals, or The Gold Rush of '76, and (2) The Mystique of Certification, Education and Professionalism: In the Service of Whom? Panel presentation topics include: (1)…

  3. Apresentação da parte 01, Marx e Engels, capítulo 03, Marx, Engels e a política, do livro Como mudar o mundo, Marx e o Marxismo, de Eric Hobsbawm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosel Antonio Beraldo


    Full Text Available A filosofia de Karl Marx, em linhas gerais pode-se constatar, é um protesto veemente contra as forças que procuram edulcorar a mente humana com subterfúgios que a levam muitas vezes para uma vida desprovida de sentido. Marx se mostra um atacante inconteste contra tudo aquilo que cai de modo pronto para o ser humano e que o desumaniza na maior parte do tempo. O mundo pós 11 de setembro encontra-se de certo modo dilacerado por muitas questões que requerem uma solução rápida e certeira. Para entender Marx é necessário um estudo sério e contundente, depurá-lo daquele pseudo marxismo que foi implantado na antiga URSS e na China. Marx nunca foi e nunca será um demônio como muitos o pintaram, pelo contrário, sua alma profundamente humanista estava imbuída de uma fé sem limites no homem.

  4. Su cumpleanos es en el verano: El dilema de la edad de entrada al jardin pre-escolar (He Has a Summer Birthday: The Kindergarten Entrance Age Dilemma). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Crosser, Sandra

    Educators commonly recommend that children born during the summer months, especially boys, be given an extra year to mature before entering kindergarten so that they will not suffer from the academic disadvantages of being among the youngest children in a class. Terms such as "academic red-shirting" and "graying of the…

  5. JiaZhang Dui ErTong FaZhan TongBan GuanXi De ZuoYong (The Role of Parents in the Development of Peer Group Competence). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Moore, Shirley G.

    Among studies that have examined the relationship between parenting styles and children's development of social skills, the research of Diana Baumrind is noteworthy. In several studies, she has identified authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting styles, which differ on the dimensions of nurturance and parental control. Authoritarian…

  6. As transformações da memória: articulações entre Sigmund Freud e Eric Kandel (As transformações da memória

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziele Luiza Barizon Scopel Gerbasi


    Full Text Available The topic of this investigation is the memory and its transformations, exemplified by the dialogue between psychoanalysis and the neurosciences, represented by the works of S. Freud and E. Kandel, respectively. The goal is to investigate the points of convergence between the theorizations of these two authors about changes in memory and, from that, to outlines the possible connections, regarding some psychological and neurological processes that act in such transformations. For that, Freud’s notions about mnemic retranscriptions, concealing memories and Nachträglichkeit (après-coup and also the consolidation and reconsolidation mechanisms of long-term memory described by Kandel are addressed. The main convergence identified in the publications of these authors is the fact that the memory is susceptible to (re constructions retroactively

  7. As transformações da memória: articulações entre Sigmund Freud e Eric Kandel (As transformações da memória)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gerbasi, G. L. B. S, Graziele Luiza Barizon Scopel; Costa, P. J, Paulo José da


    .... Kandel, respectively. The goal is to investigate the points of convergence between the theorizations of these two authors about changes in memory and, from that, to outlines the possible connections, regarding...

  8. Final Scientific/Technical Report, DE-FG02-06ER64171, Integrated Nucleic Acid System for In-Field Monitoring of Microbial Community Dynamics and Metabolic Activity – Subproject to Co-PI Eric E. Roden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eric E. Roden


    This report summarizes research conducted in conjunction with a project entitled “Integrated Nucleic Acid System for In-Field Monitoring of Microbial Community Dynamics and Metabolic Activity”, which was funded through the Integrative Studies Element of the former NABIR Program (now the Environmental Remediation Sciences Program) within the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Dr. Darrell Chandler (originally at Argonne National Laboratory, now with Akonni Biosystems) was the overall PI/PD for the project. The overall project goals were to (1) apply a model iron-reducer and sulfate-reducer microarray and instrumentation systems to sediment and groundwater samples from the Scheibe et al. FRC Area 2 field site, UMTRA sediments, and other DOE contaminated sites; (2) continue development and expansion of a 16S rRNA/rDNA¬-targeted probe suite for microbial community dynamics as new sequences are obtained from DOE-relevant sites; and (3) address the fundamental molecular biology and analytical chemistry associated with the extraction, purification and analysis of functional genes and mRNA in environmental samples. Work on the UW subproject focused on conducting detailed batch and semicontinuous culture reactor experiments with uranium-contaminated FRC Area 2 sediment. The reactor experiments were designed to provide coherent geochemical and microbiological data in support of microarray analyses of microbial communities in Area 2 sediments undergoing biostimulation with ethanol. A total of four major experiments were conducted (one batch and three semicontinuous culture), three of which (the batch and two semicontinuous culture) provided samples for DNA microarray analysis. A variety of other molecular analyses (clone libraries, 16S PhyloChip, RT-PCR, and T-RFLP) were conducted on parallel samples from the various experiments in order to provide independent information on microbial community response to biostimulation.

  9. Review: Margaret A. Morrison, Eric Haley, Kim Bartel Sheehan & Ronal E. Taylor (2002. Using Qualitative Research in Advertising: Strategies, Techniques, and Applications / Shay Sayre (2001. Qualitative Methods for Marketplace Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Friese


    Full Text Available The review discusses two books, both covering very similar contents and addressing more or less the same audience. The book by SAYRE is about the use of qualitative method in marketplace research in general and is aimed at marketing students and practitioners; the book by MORRISON, HALEY, SHEEHAN and TAYLOR focuses more specifically on one area of mar­keting, namely advertising research. MORRISON et al. provide the more practical perspective, a fact that is also reflected in the writing style of the book. It is stimulating to read, even for readers fa­miliar with qualitative methods. It provides insights from the perspective of advertising agency plan­ners and demonstrates how qualitative methods are applied in a commercial context. SAYRE, in comparison, provides more details and builds her book around five theoretical perspectives. It is writ­ten by an academic for a largely academic audi­ence, containing all the basics that one needs to know when embarking on a qualitative research project. It differs from other qualitative method books in that the various steps along the way are illustrated by examples from the field of marketing. The book will, therefore, resonate well with mar­ket­ing students. Nonetheless, both books can be recommended as text books for qualitative method courses in marketing—SAYRE's book for market­ing students in general, and MORRISON et al.'s book for students specializing in the field of adver­tising. When used in a course where students conduct a small scale research project on their own, both books need to be supplemented by further readings or teacher input. Specifically, the sections on qualitative data analysis are too thin in MORRISON et al. and too broad in SAYRE in order to be useful to students without further explanation and training. Nonetheless, the two books are the best I have seen so far when it comes to selecting a book to be used in a qualitative method course for marketing students. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0401258

  10. Catusse Myriam, Destremau Blandine et Verdier Eric (dir., L’État face aux débordements du social. Formation, travail et protection sociale, Iremam-Kathala, 2010, 468 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élisabeth Longuenesse


    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage est le résultat d’un programme de coopération entre deux petites équipes françaises issues de l’Iremam et du Lest, et quelques équipes universitaires ou de recherche maghrébines (le Crasc à Oran, le Leid à Rabat, le Creq à Marrakech, qui visait à interroger les logiques de redéploiement de l’action publique face à la crise sociale « à travers trois activités, se former, travailler, être protégé ». Le livre compte 15 chapitres, dont près de la moitié (sept traitent de la formatio...

  11. Debié F. et Pieter D. (avec la collaboration d’Eric Verdeil, La paix et la crise : le Liban reconstruit ?  Paris, PUF, coll. Géographies, 2003, 284 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Dewailly


    Full Text Available Le Moyen-Orient, et plus spécifiquement le Liban, constituent des terrains de recherche souvent très stimulants, mais également forts délicats à aborder. Ainsi, la publication d’un ouvrage de géographie sur ce pays ne peut laisser indifférent et doit être saluée. Les auteurs, Franck Debié et Danuta Pieter, explorent les paradoxes de la reconstruction libanaise avec pour objectif de proposer une nouvelle analyse d’économie politique. Pour ce faire, ils s’appuient sur une bibliographie relative...

  12. Computer-Based Information Search and Analysis of References to the Initial Teaching Alphabet in the ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) Data Base, Exceptional Child Education Abstracts, Psychological Abstracts and the Language and Language Behavior Abstracts Data Base. (United States)

    Mortensen, Erik

    In order to provide comprehensive information about all known applications of and viewpoints on the Initial Teaching Alphabet, the Initial Teaching Alphabet Foundation has compiled a series of annotated bibliographies that were prepared by means of computer-based information searches and subsequent analysis of the data obtained. The data banks…

  13. Research with Cloze Procedure in Measuring the Proficiency of Non-Native Speakers of English: An Annotated Bibliography. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 13. (United States)

    Oller, John W., Jr.

    The entries in this annotated bibliography are divided into four major sections. The first includes some of the arguments pro and con on the cloze procedure and a few research studies along with some articles that give "how-to" recommendations. The second major section includes five subsections: the first deals with basic research concerning the…

  14. A Survey of the Current Study and Teaching of North American Indian Languages in the United States and Canada. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 17. (United States)

    Martin, Jeanette

    This survey attempts to bring together as much information as possible on the current study and teaching of North American Indian languages in the United States and Canada. The primary source of data for this survey was a questionnaire distributed in the spring of 1973 to 61 universities and colleges in the U.S. and Canada. Other sources were…

  15. Hydrolytic Stability Study of Tetranitroglycoluri (TNGU) Produced via the US Army Research Laboratory’s Synthetic Method (United States)


    US Army Research Laboratory’s Synthetic Method by William M Sherrill, Eric J Bukowski , and Terry L Piatt Approved for public...Laboratory’s Synthetic Method by William M Sherrill, Eric J Bukowski , and Terry L Piatt Weapons and Materials Research Directorate...PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) William M Sherrill, Eric J Bukowski , and Terry L Piatt 5d. PROJECT NUMBER AH43 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK

  16. Mariinski teatr podvergnjotsja dekonstruktsii

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Peterburi Maria teatri (ehitati 1860. a., arh. A. Cavos) hoone rekonstrueerimise kavadest. Esitatud rekonstrueerimisprojektide autorid on ameerika arhitekt Eric Moss ja vene arhitekte grupp Oleg Romanovi juhtimisel

  17. Mis on see meie oma meediaruum? / Katrin Kivimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimaa, Katrin, 1969-


    Meediakunsti festivali 'Interstanding 3' raames toimunud konverents 'Ülalpool piire'. Kuraator Eric Kluitenbergi, peaesineja sotsioloogiaprofessor Saskia Sasseni, bulgaaria kunstniku Luchezar Boyadjievi esinemisest. Eesti ja internet

  18. 78 FR 44586 - Draft Environmental Assessment and Proposed Cross Valley Transmission Line Habitat Conservation... (United States)


    ... amended (NEPA), in response to an application from Southern California Edison (the Applicant) for an... INFORMATION CONTACT: Mike Thomas, Chief, Conservation Planning Division, or Eric Tattersall, Deputy Assistant...

  19. Advocacy Disabled in Publishing Newspapers Media in Malaysia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hazzlan Sama; Manisah binti Mohd Ali


    ... towards media conference in Malaysia. In this research, the data was obtained through databases ERIC, google scholar, Journal of Education, Journal of Social Sciences and Journal of Communication...

  20. Augmented kinematic feedback from haptic virtual reality for dental skill acquisition. (United States)

    Suebnukarn, Siriwan; Haddawy, Peter; Rhienmora, Phattanapon; Jittimanee, Pannapa; Viratket, Piyanuch


    We have developed a haptic virtual reality system for dental skill training. In this study we examined several kinds of kinematic information about the movement provided by the system supplement knowledge of results (KR) in dental skill acquisition. The kinematic variables examined involved force utilization (F) and mirror view (M). This created three experimental conditions that received augmented kinematic feedback (F, M, FM) and one control condition that did not (KR-only). Thirty-two dental students were randomly assigned to four groups. Their task was to perform access opening on the upper first molar with the haptic virtual reality system. An acquisition session consisted of two days of ten trials of practice in which augmented kinematic feedback was provided for the appropriate experimental conditions after each trial. One week after, a retention test consisting of two trials without augmented feedback was completed. The results showed that the augmented kinematic feedback groups had larger mean performance scores than the KR-only group in Day 1 of the acquisition and retention sessions (ANOVA, p0.05). The trends in acquisition and retention sessions suggest that the augmented kinematic feedback can enhance the performance earlier in the skill acquisition and retention sessions.