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Sample records for ereline helena gapeyeva

  1. Motoorse võimekuse näitajad tantsuüliõpilastel / Inna Sulg, Mati Pääsuke, Jaan Ereline, Helena Gapejeva ; Helena Gapeyeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Uuringust, milles Viljandi Kultuurikolledzi tantsueriala 19-22a. naisüliõpilaste motoorset võimekust võrreldi Tartu Ülikooli kehakultuuriteaduskonna liikumis- ja sporditeaduste eriala naisüliõpilaste motoorse võimekusega

  2. (Siegfried), Helena Gunter

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Siegfried),. Helena Gunter (Op 'n plaas in Afrika) en verder terug in die tyd: Spoor (Sonja Loots), Kom slag. 'n bees (Izak de Vries) asook werke van Jaco. Botha, Tom Dreyer en andere. In die onlangse verlede was daar ook Maal van Nicole Jaekel ...

  3. Helena Jonsdottiri tantsud kaameraga / Helena Jonsdottir ; interv. Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jonsdottir, Helena

    2005-01-01

    Tartu vanglas filmitud tantsufilm "Teine" ("Another"), režissöör Rene Vilbre. Islandi koreograaf ja stsenaariumi autor Helena Jonsdottir räägib filmi tegemisest, lisatud fakte koreograafi loomingust

  4. October 1935 Helena, USA Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Location: almost directly beneath Helena. Affected area: 363,000 square kilometers. Damage: $4 million. A series of earthquakes beginning on October 3, 1935, shook...

  5. Aemilia Lanyer and Shakespeare's Helena

    OpenAIRE

    Arshad, Yasmin

    2010-01-01

    Not much is known about the middle class womenfrom the Elizabethan and Jacobean era who served the aristocracy and lived on its edge. Aemilia Lanyer and Shakespeare’s Helena, a real woman and a dramatic character, are two such women. By considering one of Shakespeare’s female characters alongside a real woman from the period who shared a similar social predicament, much may be learnt about the cultural position of women at the time, the limits upon women’s agency, and the efforts by some wome...

  6. HELENA Stage 2—Danish Overview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tell, Paolo; Pfeiffer, Rolf-Helge; Pagh Schultz, Ulrik

    2017-01-01

    use rich combinations of agile and/or traditional methods and practices, rather than following a single process by the book. To investigate this reality, an international exploratory multistage research project named HELENA (Hybrid DEveLopmENt Approaches in software systems development) was initiated......Since the early days of software engineering, a number of methods, processes, and practices to design and develop software systems have been proposed and applied in industry, e.g., the Rational Unified Process, Agile Software Development, etc. However, since no silver bullet exists, organizations....... Currently, the HELENA survey is conducted globally (second stage of HELENA project). This short paper presents and discusses the results of the survey in Danmark compared to the global results based on the data from August 15, 2017....

  7. Kuidas Helena Bonham Carter ahviks muutus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Taas on ekraanile jõudnud "Ahvide planeet" ("Planet of the Apes") : režissöör Tim Burton : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. Kuidas tehti näitlejatele ahvide grimmi. Lähemalt Helena Bonham Carteri grimmist

  8. Helena Paz-Elena Garro: La Memoria Compartida Helena Paz-Elena Garro: La Memoria Compartida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Alba Villalobos

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available En el texto se analizan las Memorias de Helena Paz, a la luz de los textos autobiográficos y biográficos acerca de la vida de Elena Garro. El planteamiento estriba en que hay muchos elementos que permiten afirmar que una parte sustancial de las memorias (inéditas de Elena Garro se encuentran insertas en las Memorias de su hija, Helena Paz. Se muestran aquí los argumentos para tal aseveración y los fragmentos que corresponderían a las vivencias de la madre, más que de la hija This text analyzes Helena Paz’s Memoirs, in the light of the autobiographical and biographical texts about Elena Garro’s life. The thesis of the text is that there are many elements supporting the statement that a substantial part of Elena Garro’s unedited memoirs are found inserted in her daughter’s (Helena Paz’s Memoirs. Arguments for such an assertion are presented, together with the excerpts which would correspond more to the experiences of the mother than to those of the daughter.

  9. 78 FR 22416 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; St. Helena, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ... more above the surface of the earth. * * * * * AWP CA E5 St. Helena, CA [Amended] Napa County Fire... the name of the heliport listed in the Class E airspace for St. Helena, CA. St. Helena Fire Department Heliport has been changed to Napa County Fire Department Heliport, St. Helena, CA. This action does not...

  10. Helena Kagan (1889-1978): the first paediatrician in Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Zipora

    2008-08-01

    In the Spring of 1914 Helena Kagan, a young 25-year-old physician, settled in Jerusalem. She opened a clinic at her home and became the first paediatrician in the country. She founded institutions to improve the health of Jerusalem children and engaged in extensive public activity on behalf of the Jerusalem community.

  11. 76 FR 70955 - Helena Nation Forest: Dalton Mountain Forest Restoration & Fuels Reduction Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-16

    ... DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Helena Nation Forest: Dalton Mountain Forest Restoration & Fuels Reduction Project AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of intent to prepare an environmental impact statement. SUMMARY: The Helena National Forest (HNF) is proposing on the Lincoln Ranger...

  12. The Santa Helena Group and the presence of the proletary artist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Zanini

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação do Grupo Santa Helena, cujos pintores, provenientes do proletariado ou da pequena-burguesia, se dedicavam a retratar paisagens suburbanas, pessoas do povo e naturezas mortas.

  13. Dietary sources of sugars in adolescents' diet: the HELENA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesana, M I; Hilbig, A; Androutsos, O; Cuenca-García, M; Dallongeville, J; Huybrechts, I; De Henauw, S; Widhalm, K; Kafatos, A; Nova, E; Marcos, A; González-Gross, M; Molnar, D; Gottrand, F; Moreno, L A

    2018-03-01

    To report dietary sugars consumption and their different types and food sources, in European adolescents. Food consumption data of selected groups were obtained from 1630 adolescents (45.6% males, 12.5-17.5 years) from the HELENA study using two nonconsecutive 24-h recalls. Energy intake, total sugars and free sugars were assessed using the HELENA-DIAT software. Multiple regression analyses were performed adjusting for relevant confounders. Total sugars intake (137.5 g/day) represented 23.6% and free sugars (110.1 g/day), 19% of energy intake. Girls had significantly lower intakes of energy, carbohydrates, total sugars and free sugars. 94% of adolescents had a consumption of free sugars above 10% of total energy intake. The main food contributor to free sugars was 'carbonated, soft and isotonic drinks,' followed by 'non-chocolate confectionary' and 'sugar, honey, jam and syrup.' Older boys and girls had significantly higher intakes of free sugars from 'cakes, pies and biscuits.' Free sugars intake was negatively associated with low socioeconomic status for 'non-chocolate confectionary' and 'sugar, honey and jam' groups; with low maternal educational level for carbonated and 'soft drinks,' 'sugar, honey and jam,' 'cakes and pies' and 'breakfast cereals' groups; and with high paternal educational level for 'carbonated and soft drinks' and 'chocolates' group. The majority (94%) of studied adolescents consumed free sugars above 10% of daily energy intake. Our data indicate a broad variety in foods providing free sugars. Continued efforts are required at different levels to reduce the intake of free sugars, especially in families with a low educational level.

  14. 76 FR 30422 - Notice of Intent To Rule on Request To Release Airport Property at the Helena Regional Airport...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... To Release Airport Property at the Helena Regional Airport, Helena, Montana AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice of Request to Release Airport Property... Airport (HLN) under the provisions of Section 125 of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment Reform Act...

  15. 76 FR 18622 - Notice of Intent To Rule on Request To Release Airport Property at the Helena Regional Airport...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-04

    ... To Release Airport Property at the Helena Regional Airport, Helena, MT AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice of request to release airport property... Airport (HLN) under the provisions of Section 125 of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment Reform Act...

  16. Metalliferous deposits of the greater Helena mining region, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardee, Joseph Thomas; Schrader, F.C.

    1933-01-01

    The ore deposits described in this bulletin are distributed through a region of about 3,000 square miles surrounding the city of Helena, Mont. In general the surface of this region is mountainous, but it includes several large intermontane valleys. Large areas in the northern and eastern parts of the region sire underlain by sedimentary rocks of the Algonkian Belt series, and on the northeast and southwest the Belt rocks are overlain without any noticeable angular unconformity by Paleozoic and Mesozoic beds. Oligocene, Miocene, and possibly Pliocene sediments, composed chiefly of volcanic ash and land waste of local origin, occupy large areas in the intermontane valleys and lie unconformably upon Cretaceous and older rocks. A thin veneer of Pleistocene and Recent alluvium generally overspreads the Tertiary. In the extreme northern part of the region are large deposits of glacial drift that represent two stages of the Pleistocene. The principal igneous body of the region is the northern part of the early Tertiary or late Cretaceous Boulder batholitb of quartz monzonite. The main exposure of this body occupies an area of nearly 1,200 square miles and extends southward beyond the limits of the particular region considered. Smaller areas of similar rocks are clustered around this exposure. Most of the exposures probably represent bodies that are connected in depth to form a single mass. The late Cretaceous and older sedimentary rocks are involved in a series of northwestward-trending folds. Along the east side of the region overthrust faults related to the great Lewis overthrust of Glacier National Park cause Belt rocks to overlie rocks of Paleozoic and Mesozoic ages. Large normal faults occur near Marysville and faults of moderate displacement near Helena. The Tertiary beds are slightly deformed by folds and faults that are unrelated to the structure of the older rock. The geologic history of the region includes two contrasting periods, the earlier of which was

  17. 76 FR 28065 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Montana Historical Society, Helena, MT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... Montana Historical Society, Helena, MT, that meets the definition of a sacred object under 25 U.S.C. 3001... donated it to the Society's collections in 1900. Consultation with Blackfeet tribal and religious leaders... religious society, and it is required for the practice of a traditional religion by contemporary adherents...

  18. Eesti väljakutsed Läänemere olukorra parandamiseks / Helena Täär

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Täär, Helena

    2007-01-01

    Augustis avalikustatud Maailma Looduse Fondi raport Läänemere seisukorra kohta heidab Eestile ette mitmeid tegematajätmisi. Helena Täär Eesti Looduse Fondist leiab, et kuigi riigi õigete otsuste tähtsust Läänemere kaitsel on raske ülehinnata, sõltub selle tulevik ka kõigist meist

  19. Guided Educational Tourism as Informal Physical Geography Education on St. Helena Island, Michigan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Joseph M.; Stoltman, Joseph P.

    2017-01-01

    Guided educational tours are a major activity within informal education. This article examines the potential for tour guides of a largely historical tour of St. Helena Island, Michigan, to include physical geography within the tour. Using field data and interview methods, the researchers identified the physical features of the island that could be…

  20. A vida privada de Helena de Tróia nos loucos anos 20 em Hollywood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cecília Coelho

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o filme de Alexander Korda, de 1927, The Private Life of Helen of Troy, baseado no romance homônimo de John Erskine, de 1925, e na peça The Road to Rome, de 1927, de Robert Sherwood, obras que fazem, respectivamente, uma releitura do mito de Helena e do episódio da chegada de Hannibal a Roma. Do filme, temos apenas alguns fragmentos, arquivados no British Film Institute, além de algumas fotos e reportagens de época. Por meio desse material, em um estudo comparativo, discutirei aspectos da recepção do mito de Helena na década de 20 nos Estados Unidos.

  1. Description of Survey Data Regarding the Chemical Repackaging Plant Accident West Helena, Arkansas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sorensen, J.H.; Vogt, B.M.

    1999-03-01

    Shortly after 1:00 p.m. on Thursday, May 8, 1997, clouds of foul-smelling smoke began pouring from an herbicide and pesticide packaging plant in West Helena, Arkansas. An alert was sounded, employees evacuated, and the West Helena fire department was called. As three firefighters prepared to enter the plant, the chemical compounds exploded, collapsing a solid concrete block wall, and killing all three firefighters. As the odorous smoky cloud drifted away from the plant, authorities ordered residents in a 2-mile area downwind of the plant to evacuate and those in the 2- to 3-mile zone to shelter in place. This study examines and compares the responses to a mail survey of those ordered to evacuate and those told to shelter in place. Among the variables examined are compliance with official orders and perceived warnings, threat perception, time and source of first warning, response times, and behavior characteristics for both populations. The findings indicate that 90% of those that were told to evacuate did so but only 27% of those told to shelter-in-place did so, with 68% opting to evacuate instead. The implications of these findings for emergency managers is that people will likely choose to evacuate when both warnings to evacuate and warnings to shelter are issued to residents in close proximity to each other. The findings on warning times closely resemble other findings from evacuations when chemical accidents occur and route notification is used for warning residents.

  2. Scyllarides obtusus spec. nov., the scyllarid lobster of Saint Helena, Central South Atlantic (Crustacea: Decapoda Reptantia: Scyllaridae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holthuis, L.B.

    1993-01-01

    A new species of slipper lobster is described from Saint Helena, where the species seems to be endemic. Known under the vernacular name Stump, the species forms the subject of a local fishery, carried out since early times. Previously the species has been identified with various Scyllarides species

  3. The hELENa project - I. Stellar populations of early-type galaxies linked with local environment and galaxy mass

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sybilska, A.; Lisker, T.; Kuntschner, H.; Vazdekis, A.; van de Ven, G.; Peletier, R.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; Vijayaraghavan, R.; Janz, J.

    2017-01-01

    We present the first in a series of papers in The role of Environment in shaping Low-mass Early-type Nearby galaxies (hELENa) project. In this paper, we combine our sample of 20 low-mass early types (dEs) with 258 massive early types (ETGs) from the ATLAS3D survey - all observed with the SAURON

  4. Preliminary assessment report for Fort William Henry Harrison, Montana Army National Guard, Helena, Montana

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DuWaldt, J.; Meyer, T.

    1993-07-01

    This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at a Montana Army National Guard (MTARNG) property near Helena, Montana. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. This PA satisfies, for the Fort William Henry Harrison property, requirements of the Department of Defense Installation Restoration Program

  5. Approaching Borderlands. Literary Representation of the Border in the Novel Their dogs came with them by Helena María Viramontes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markéta Riebová

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Using three mutually interwoven theoretical approaches, the article analyses the complexity of the borderlands space in the literary representation of Los Angeles in the novel Their dogs came with them by Helena Maria Viramontes.

  6. Helena o el mar del verano (1952 y la novela lírica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casas, Ana

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available After analysing the reception and context of Julián Ayesta’s Helena o el mar del verano (1952, this paper examines the diverse formal resources that connect this work to the genre of lyrical novel. From this perspective, it puts special attention to the subjectivity of the text, which particularly shows the consciousness of the child who progressively becomes an adult, rather than the objective representation of the world. Thus, the circular structure, the fragmentarism, the division of the story in scenes or the descriptive stillness are part of the narrator’s internalization of time and space, whose experience of the past has not concluded, for it continues to be alive for him.Tras reseñar la recepción de Helena o el mar del verano (1952, de Julián Ayesta, y enmarcarla en su contexto, el presente trabajo analiza los diversos recursos formales que relacionan esta obra con el género de la novela lírica. Desde esta perspectiva, se interesa por el subjetivismo del relato, el cual se afana en plasmar la conciencia del niño que deviene progresivamente adulto, y no tanto en representar el mundo de manera objetiva. Así, la estructura circular, el fragmentarismo, la división del relato en escenas o el estatismo descriptivo participan de la interiorización del tiempo y el espacio por parte de un narrador cuya experiencia del pasado no ha concluido, pues para él sigue estando viva.

  7. Erosive effects of the storms HELENA (1963) and HUGO (1989) on Basse-Terre island (Guadeloupe - Lesser Antilles Arc).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Bivic, Rejanne; Allemand, Pascal; Delacourt, Christophe; Quiquerez, Amélie

    2014-05-01

    Basse-Terre is a volcanic island which belongs to the archipelago of Guadeloupe located in the Lesser Antilles Arc (Caribbean Sea). As a mountainous region in the tropical belt, Basse-Terre is affected by intense sediment transport due to extreme meteorological events. During the last fifty years, eight major tropical storms and hurricanes with intense rainfalls induced landslides and scars in the weathered layers. The purpose of this study is to compare two major meteorological events within a period of 26 years (HELENA in 10/1963 and HUGO in 09/1989) in order to qualify the parameters responsible of the spatial distribution of landslides and scars. The storm HELENA affected Basse-Terre between the 23rd and the 25th of October, 1963. The maximal daily rainfall reached 300 mm in Baillif which is located on the leeward coast at the altitude of 650 m while the maximum wind velocity reached 50 km/h. A similar exceptional event happened when the hurricane HUGO slammed the island in September 17, 1989. The maximum daily rainfall recorded in Sainte-Rose (on the northern coast) was 250 mm while it reached 208 mm in Petit-Bourg and the maximum wind speed was 60 km/h. Aerial images were acquired by the IGN (French Geographical Institute) before and a few weeks after the extreme events: less than three months after the event HELENA and less than a month after the event HUGO. Those images have been orthorectified at a metric resolution and combined in a GIS with a 10 m resolution DEM. Scars and landslides were digitalized and their surface area and mean slope were measured for both HELENA and HUGO. This work confirms several results proposed by a previous study related to the HELENA event: (1) the landslides occurred mainly in the center of the island and (2) the slope is the main parameter for the initiation of landslides, since all of them occurred with a slope superior to 30°. Furthermore, the resiliency of the surface affected by the landslides induced by HELENA was

  8. Nutritional knowledge in European adolescents : results from the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study

    OpenAIRE

    Hallström, Lena; Sichert-Hellert, Wolfgang; Beghin, Laurent; De Henauw, Stefaan; GRAMMATIKAKI, Eva; Manios, Yannis; Mesana, Maribella; Molnar, Dénes; Dietrich, Sabina; PICCINELLI, Raffaela; Plada, Maria; Sjöström, Michael; Moreno, Luis; Kersting, Mathilde

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To build up sufficient knowledge of a ‘healthy diet’. Here, we report on the assessment of nutritional knowledge using a uniform method in a large sample of adolescents across Europe. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: The European multicentre HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study conducted in 2006–2007 in ten cities in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece (one inland and one island city), Hungary, Italy, Spain and Sweden. Subjects: A to...

  9. Attention capacity in European adolescents: role of different health-related factors. The HELENA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteban-Cornejo, Irene; Cadenas-Sanchez, Cristina; Vanhelst, Jérémy; Michels, Nathalie; Lambrinou, Christina-Paulina; González-Gross, Marcela; Widhalm, Kurt; Kersting, Mathilde; de la O Puerta, Alejandro; Kafatos, Anthony; Moreno, Luis A; Ortega, Francisco B

    2017-10-01

    We compared the level of attention capacity between adolescents from the center and south of Europe. The study included 627 European adolescents (54% girls), aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the HELENA Study. The d2 Test of Attention was administered to assess attention capacity. The main results showed that adolescents from the south of Europe had significantly higher score in attention capacity compared with adolescents from central Europe (score + 8.1; 95%CI, 2.44-13.61) after adjustment for age, sex, socioeconomic indicators, body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness and diet quality index (p = 0.012). Adolescents from the south of Europe had higher levels of attention capacity than their counterparts from central Europe independently of sociodemographic and health-related factors. These differences should be taken into account by educational institutions when promoting new approaches for putting into the practice student's capacities. What is Known? • Attention is a crucial capacity during adolescence. • Several health-related factors (i.e., physical activity, fitness or fatness) may influence attention capacity in adolescents. What is New? • Adolescents from the south of Europe had higher levels of attention capacity than their counterparts from the center, after accounting for socioeconomic factors, fitness, fatness and quality of diet. • These differences should be taken into account by educational institutions when promoting new approaches for putting into the practice student's capacities.

  10. Remapping HELENA to incompressible plasma rotation parallel to the magnetic field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poulipoulis, G.; Throumoulopoulos, G. N. [Physics Department, University of Ioannina, Ioannina 451 10 (Greece); Konz, C. [Max-Planck Institut für Plasma Physics, 85748 Garching bei München (Germany)

    2016-07-15

    Plasma rotation in connection to both zonal and mean (equilibrium) flows can play a role in the transitions to the advanced confinement regimes in tokamaks, as the L-H transition and the formation of internal transport barriers (ITBs). For incompressible rotation, the equilibrium is governed by a generalised Grad-Shafranov (GGS) equation and a decoupled Bernoulli-type equation for the pressure. For parallel flow, the GGS equation can be transformed to one identical in form with the usual Grad-Shafranov equation. In the present study on the basis of the latter equation, we have extended HELENA, an equilibrium fixed boundary solver. The extended code solves the GGS equation for a variety of the two free-surface-function terms involved for arbitrary Alfvén Mach number and density functions. We have constructed diverted-boundary equilibria pertinent to ITER and examined their characteristics, in particular, as concerns the impact of rotation on certain equilibrium quantities. It turns out that the rotation and its shear affect noticeably the pressure and toroidal current density with the impact on the current density being stronger in the parallel direction than in the toroidal one.

  11. Sedentary behaviour and clustered metabolic risk in adolescents: the HELENA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rey-López, J P; Bel-Serrat, S; Santaliestra-Pasías, A; de Moraes, A C; Vicente-Rodríguez, G; Ruiz, J R; Artero, E G; Martínez-Gómez, D; Gottrand, F; De Henauw, S; Huybrechts, I; Polito, A; Molnar, D; Manios, Y; Moreno, L A

    2013-10-01

    Although sedentary behaviours are linked with mortality for cardiovascular reasons, it is not clear whether they are negatively related with cardio-metabolic risk factors. The aim was to examine the association between time engaged in television (TV) viewing or playing with videogames and a clustered cardio-metabolic risk in adolescents. Sedentary behaviours and physical activity were assessed in 769 adolescents (376 boys, aged 12.5-17.5 years) from the HELENA-CSS study. We measured systolic blood pressure, HOMA index, triglycerides, TC/HDL-c, VO₂max and the sum of four skinfolds, and a clustered metabolic risk index was computed. A multilevel regression model (by Poisson) was performed to calculate the prevalence ratio of having a clustered metabolic risk. In boys, playing >4 h/day with videogames (weekend) and moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) was associated with cardio-metabolic risk after adjustment for age, maternal education and MVPA. In contrast, TV viewing was not associated with the presence of cardio-metabolic risk. In boys, playing with videogames may impair cardio-metabolic health during the adolescence. Adolescents should be encouraged to increase their participation in physical activity of at least moderate intensity to obtain a more favourable risk factor profile. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Sedentary patterns and media availability in European adolescents: The HELENA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rey-López, Juan P; Vicente-Rodriguez, Germán; Ortega, Francisco B; Ruiz, Jonatan R; Martinez-Gómez, David; De Henauw, Stefan; Manios, Yannis; Molnar, Denes; Polito, Angela; Verloigne, Maite; Castillo, Manuel J; Sjöström, Michael; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Moreno, Luis A

    2010-07-01

    To describe sedentary behaviors in adolescents and to examine the influence of media availability on TV viewing. The study assessed 3278 adolescents (1537 males and 1741 females, 12.5-17.5 years) involved in the HELENA study (2007). Adolescents reported hours of TV viewing, computer games, console, internet for study and non-study reasons, and study, as well as availability of TVs, computers and consoles. Time spent in sedentary behaviors was higher during weekends (all p or = 15 years at weekends), playing computer games and console games while females spent more time studying and surfing for non-study reasons. During weekdays, one third of adolescents exceeded the screen time guidelines (>2h/day) based solely on TV viewing, whereas around 60% exceeded it at weekends. Having a TV or a console in the bedroom was associated with higher TV viewing (OR=2.66; 95% CI 2.23-3.18; and OR=1.92; 95% CI 1.61-2.28, respectively) whereas the presence of computer reduced it (OR=0.57; 95% CI 0.48-0.68). Adolescents living in Europe are not meeting media recommendations, especially during weekend. The absence of a TV in the adolescents' bedroom might reduce TV viewing. Further studies are needed to confirm or contrast our findings. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Fitness and fatness in relation with attention capacity in European adolescents: The HELENA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadenas-Sanchez, Cristina; Vanhelst, Jeremy; Ruiz, Jonatan R; Castillo-Gualda, Ruth; Libuda, Lars; Labayen, Idoia; De Miguel-Etayo, Pilar; Marcos, Ascensión; Molnár, Eszter; Catena, Andrés; Moreno, Luis A; Sjöström, Michael; Gottrand, Frederic; Widhalm, Kurt; Ortega, Francisco B

    2017-04-01

    To examine the association of health-related physical fitness components and accurate measures of fatness with attention in European adolescents. Cross-sectional study. A sub-sample of 444 adolescents from the HELENA study (14.5±1.2years) from 6 different countries participated in this study. Adolescents underwent evaluations of fitness (20m shuttle run, handgrip strength, standing long jump and 4×10m shuttle run tests), fatness (body mass index, skinfold thicknesses, bioelectrical impedance, Bod Pod and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) and attention (d2-test). Higher cardiorespiratory fitness was positively associated with better attention capacity (β=0.1, p=0.03). Body mass index and fat mass index measured by Bod Pod and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in a subset were negatively associated with attention (β=-0.11, p=0.02; β=-0.36, p=0.02; β=-0.34, p=0.03; respectively). All models were adjusted for age, sex, family-affluence scale and mother education. When these models were additionally adjusted for cardiorespiratory fitness when fatness was the main predictor and vice versa, the associations were somewhat attenuated and were no longer statistically significant. Muscular strength, speed-agility and body fatness markers measured by bioelectrical impedance and skinfolds were not associated with attention. The fit and non-overweight adolescents presented the highest values of attention capacity whilst their unfit and overweight peers showed the lowest values of attention (47.31±2.34 vs. 33.74±4.39; pattention, yet these associations are not independent. A combined effect was also observed, with fit and non-overweight adolescents showing the highest levels of attention and those unfit and overweight the lowest. Copyright © 2016 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. The hELENa project - I. Stellar populations of early-type galaxies linked with local environment and galaxy mass

    OpenAIRE

    Sybilska, A.; Lisker, T.; Kuntschner, H.; Vazdekis, A.; van de Ven, G.; Peletier, R.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; Vijayaraghavan, R.; Janz, J.

    2017-01-01

    We present the first in a series of papers in T$h$e role of $E$nvironment in shaping $L$ow-mass $E$arly-type $N$earby g$a$laxies (hELENa) project. In this paper we combine our sample of 20 low-mass early types (dEs) with 258 massive early types (ETGs) from the ATLAS$^{\\mathrm{3D}}$ survey - all observed with the SAURON integral field unit (IFU) - to investigate early-type galaxies' stellar population scaling relations and the dependence of the population properties on local environment, exten...

  15. Helena: representações de práticas de leitura e configurações do leitorado oitocentista brasileiro no romance machadiano

    OpenAIRE

    Patrí­cia Kátia da Costa Pina; Vânia Lúcia Menezes Torga

    2011-01-01

    Resumo: Este artigo estuda as representações de atos de leitura presentes no romance Helena, de Machado de Assis, interpretando-as como instrumentos capazes de configurar o leitorado brasileiro oitocentista. Para tanto, são analisadas comparativamente as cenas de leitura protagonizadas por D. Úrsula, Helena e Estácio, tendo em vista as relações sociais, políticas e históricas que cercam a trama e as personagens recortadas. São observados modos de ler “masculinos” e “femininos”, que viabilizam...

  16. Relationship between self-reported dietary intake and physical activity levels among adolescents: The HELENA study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Donne Cinzia

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Evidence suggests possible synergetic effects of multiple lifestyle behaviors on health risks like obesity and other health outcomes. Therefore it is important to investigate associations between dietary and physical activity behavior, the two most important lifestyle behaviors influencing our energy balance and body composition. The objective of the present study is to describe the relationship between energy, nutrient and food intake and the physical activity level among a large group of European adolescents. Methods The study comprised a total of 2176 adolescents (46.2% male from ten European cities participating in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study. Dietary intake and physical activity were assessed using validated 24-h dietary recalls and self-reported questionnaires respectively. Analyses of covariance (ANCOVA were used to compare the energy and nutrient intake and the food consumption between groups of adolescents with different physical activity levels (1st to 3rd tertile. Results In both sexes no differences were found in energy intake between the levels of physical activity. The most active males showed a higher intake of polysaccharides, protein, water and vitamin C and a lower intake of saccharides compared to less active males. Females with the highest physical activity level consumed more polysaccharides compared to their least active peers. Male and female adolescents with the highest physical activity levels, consumed more fruit and milk products and less cheese compared to the least active adolescents. The most active males showed higher intakes of vegetables and meat, fish, eggs, meat substitutes and vegetarian products compared to the least active ones. The least active males reported the highest consumption of grain products and potatoes. Within the female group, significantly lower intakes of bread and cereal products and spreads were found for those reporting to

  17. Helena: representações de práticas de leitura e configurações do leitorado oitocentista brasileiro no romance machadiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrí­cia Kátia da Costa Pina

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este artigo estuda as representações de atos de leitura presentes no romance Helena, de Machado de Assis, interpretando-as como instrumentos capazes de configurar o leitorado brasileiro oitocentista. Para tanto, são analisadas comparativamente as cenas de leitura protagonizadas por D. Úrsula, Helena e Estácio, tendo em vista as relações sociais, políticas e históricas que cercam a trama e as personagens recortadas. São observados modos de ler “masculinos” e “femininos”, que viabilizam a reflexão sobre o lugar da mulher nesse Brasil ainda patriarcal e já caminhando para o capitalismo. O objetivo é investigar de que maneira esse romance machadiano funciona para formar e manter padrões de gosto pela leitura literária. A argumentação se sustenta, fundamentando-se nas ideias de Wolfgang Iser, Roger Chartier, Marisa Lajolo, Regina Zilberman, Hélio Guimarães, entre outros.Palavras-chave: Machado de Assis; Helena; leitura; gênero.Resumen: Este artículo estudia las representaciones de actos de lectura presentes en la novela Helena, de Machado de Assis, interpretándolas como instrumentos capaces de configurar el lector brasileño decimonónico. Para eso, se analizan de forma comparativa las escenas de lectura protagonizadas por Doña Úrsula, Helena y Estácio, considerando las relaciones sociales, políticas e históricas que involucran la trama y los personajes en cuestión. Se observan modos de leer “masculinos” y “femeninos”, que hacen viable la reflexión sobre el lugar de la mujer en ese Brasil aún patriarcal y caminando ya hacia el capitalismo. El objetivo es investigar de qué manera esa novela machadiana funciona para formar y mantener patrones de gusto por la lectura literaria. La argumentación se sostiene, fundamentándose en las ideas de Wolfgang Iser, Roger Chartier, Marisa Lajolo, Regina Zilberman, Hélio Guimarães, entre otros.Palabras-clave: Machado de Assis; Helena; lectura; g

  18. Geophysical contribution for the study of the Granitic Batholit Santa Helena, southwest of the Amazonian Craton; Contribuicao geofisica ao estudo do Batolito Granitico Santa Helena, sudoeste do Craton Amazonico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ribeiro, Vanessa Biondo; Mantovani, Marta Silvia Maria, E-mail: van.biondo@gmail.com, E-mail: msmmanto@usp.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Astronomia, Geofisica e Ciencias Atmosfericas

    2012-08-15

    The Santa Helena batholith is subject of many controversies concerning its geographical extension, lithological constitution, geochemical characterization and geotectonic setting. This paper aims to contribute for a better understanding of this intrusion using geophysical data (gammaspectrometric and aeromagnetic). These data were obtained through surveys contracted by the Geological Survey of Brazil (CPRM) flown over the study region. Given the compositional variety of the rocks, we analyzed the susceptibility contrast (magnetometry) and distribution of radioelements (K, Th and U, measured by gammaspectrometry) in the batholith. The resulting geophysical signature is different when comparing the northern and southern parts of the body, suggesting the presence of two distinct suites. The boundary between these two suites coincides with the location of an approximately N75 deg W oriented fault system that extends through the batholith. (author)

  19. Influence of parental socio-economic status on diet quality of European adolescents: results from the HELENA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Béghin, L; Dauchet, L; De Vriendt, Tineke; Cuenca-García, M; Manios, Y; Toti, E; Plada, M; Widhalm, K; Repasy, J; Huybrechts, I; Kersting, M; Moreno, L A; Dallongeville, J

    2014-04-14

    Diet quality is influenced by socio-economic and geographical factors. The present study sought to assess whether adolescents' diet quality is affected by their parents' socio-economic status and whether the relationship between these factors is similar in northern and southern Europe. Data collected in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study in eight European countries were analysed. Dietary intake data were recorded via repeated 24 h recalls (using specifically developed HELENA Dietary Intake Assessment Tool software) and converted into an adolescent-specific Diet Quality Index (DQI-AM). Socio-economic status was estimated through parental educational level (Par-Educ-Lev) and parental occupation level (Par-Occ-Lev) as reported by the adolescents in a specific questionnaire. The DQI-AM data were then analysed as a function of Par-Educ-Lev and Par-Occ-Lev in northern European countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Sweden) and southern European countries (Greece, Italy and Spain). We studied a total of 1768 adolescents (age 14.7 (SD 1.3) years; percentage of girls: 52.8%; 1135 and 633 subjects from northern and southern Europe, respectively). On average, the DQI-AM score was higher in southern Europe than in northern Europe (69.1 (SD 0.1) v. 60.4 (SD 2.8), respectively; P < 0.001; Δ = 12.6%). The DQI was positively correlated with both paternal and maternal Par-Educ-Lev. However, this association was more pronounced in northern Europe than in southern Europe (P interaction = 0.004 for the mother and 0.06 for the father). The DQI was also positively correlated with Par-Occ-Lev (all P trends < 0.01), but this correlation was independent of the geographical area (P interaction = 0.51 for the mother and 0.50 for the father). In conclusion, Par-Educ-Lev and Par-Occ-Lev are associated with diet quality in adolescents in Europe. However, this association differs between northern Europe and southern Europe.

  20. The hELENa project - II. Abundance distribution trends of early-type galaxies: from dwarfs to giants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sybilska, A.; Kuntschner, H.; van de Ven, G.; Vazdekis, A.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; Peletier, R. F.; Lisker, T.

    2018-06-01

    In this second paper of The role of Environment in shaping Low-mass Early-type Nearby galaxies (hELENa) series we study [Mg/Fe] abundance distribution trends of early-type galaxies (ETGs) observed with the Spectrographic Areal Unit for Research on Optical Nebulae integral field unit, spanning a wide range in mass and local environment densities: 20 low-mass early types (dEs) of Sybilska et al. and 258 massive early types (ETGs) of the ATLAS3D project, all homogeneously reduced and analysed. We show that the [Mg/Fe] ratios scale with velocity dispersion (σ) at fixed [Fe/H] and that they evolve with [Fe/H] along similar paths for all early types, grouped in bins of increasing local and global σ, as well as the second velocity moment Vrms, indicating a common inside-out formation pattern. We then place our dEs on the [Mg/Fe] versus [Fe/H] diagram of Local Group galaxies and show that dEs occupy the same region and show a similar trend line slope in the diagram as the high-metallicity stars of the Milky Way and the Large Magellanic Cloud. This finding extends the similar trend found for dwarf spheroidal versus dwarf irregular galaxies and supports the notion that dEs have evolved from late-type galaxies that have lost their gas at a point of their evolution, which likely coincided with them entering denser environments.

  1. Nutritional knowledge in European adolescents: results from the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sichert-Hellert, Wolfgang; Beghin, Laurent; De Henauw, Stefaan; Grammatikaki, Evangelia; Hallström, Lena; Manios, Yannis; Mesana, María I; Molnár, Dénes; Dietrich, Sabine; Piccinelli, Raffaela; Plada, Maria; Sjöström, Michael; Moreno, Luis A; Kersting, Mathilde

    2011-12-01

    To build up sufficient knowledge of a 'healthy diet'. Here, we report on the assessment of nutritional knowledge using a uniform method in a large sample of adolescents across Europe. A cross-sectional study. The European multicentre HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study conducted in 2006-2007 in ten cities in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece (one inland and one island city), Hungary, Italy, Spain and Sweden. A total of 3546 adolescents (aged 12·5-17·5 years) completed a validated nutritional knowledge test (NKT). Socio-economic variables and anthropometric data were considered as potential confounders. NKT scores increased with age and girls had higher scores compared with boys (62% v. 59%; P Nutritional knowledge was modest in our sample. Interventions should be focused on the lower SES segments of the population. They should be initiated at a younger age and should be combined with environmental prevention (e.g. healthy meals in school canteens).

  2. Interannual variation in the composition of the assemblages of medusae and ctenophores in St. Helena Bay, Southern Benguela Ecosystem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuelle Buecher

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The assemblages of medusae and ctenophores were examined from samples collected each winter from St Helena Bay, over the 10-year period 1988-1997. A total of 50 hydromedusae, 1 scyphozoan and 2 ctenophore species were identified from 243 samples. Although the data set is characterised by great interannual variability, two main assemblages could be identified each year. These were characterised by either holoplanktonic medusae (e.g. Liriope tetraphylla, Aglaura hemistoma or meroplanktonic medusae (e.g. Mitrocomella millardae, Chrysaora hysoscella and ctenophores (e.g. Pleurobrachia pileus. The holoplanktonic medusae were typical of samples at the southern edge of the Bay, and were positively associated with both depth and temperature. Their abundances tended to increase during warm years (1992, 1993 and 1997 as warm surface water flooded the Bay. The meroplanktonic medusae and ctenophores were typical of samples collected within the Bay, and the density of species tended to be negatively correlated with temperature and depth. In spite of the eurythermal nature of the meroplanktonic species, they were more common during cold years (1990 and 1995. This paper represents the first Bay-wide, interannual study of any zooplankton group, and contributes important base line information on the structure of regional pelagic assemblages.

  3. Resting Heart Rate Is Not a Good Predictor of a Clustered Cardiovascular Risk Score in Adolescents: The HELENA Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto César Ferreira de Moraes

    Full Text Available Resting heart rate (RHR reflects sympathetic nerve activity a significant association between RHR and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality has been reported in some epidemiologic studies.To analyze the predictive power and accuracy of RHR as a screening measure for individual and clustered cardiovascular risk in adolescents. The study comprised 769 European adolescents (376 boys participating in the HELENA cross-sectional study (2006-2008 were included in this study. Measurements on systolic blood pressure, HOMA index, triglycerides, TC/HDL-c, VO2máx and the sum of four skinfolds were obtained, and a clustered cardiovascular disease (CVD risk index was computed. The receiver operating characteristics curve was applied to calculate the power and accuracy of RHR to predict individual and clustered CVD risk factors.RHR showed low accuracy for screening CVD risk factors in both sexes (range 38.5%-54.4% in boys and 45.5%-54.3% in girls. Low specificity's (15.6%-19.7% in boys; 18.1%-20.0% in girls were also found. Nevertheless, the sensitivities were moderate-to-high (61.4%-89.1% in boys; 72.9%-90.3% in girls.RHR is a poor predictor of individual CVD risk factors and of clustered CVD and the estimates based on RHR are not accurate. The use of RHR as an indicator of CVD risk in adolescents may produce a biased screening of cardiovascular health in both sexes.

  4. Connecting pigment composition and dissolved trace elements to phytoplankton population in the southern Benguela Upwelling zone (St. Helena Bay)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Supriyo Kumar; Routh, Joyanto; Roychoudhury, Alakendra N.; Veldhuis, Marcel J. W.; Ismail, Hassan E.

    2017-12-01

    Rich in upwelled nutrients, the Southern Benguela is one of the most productive ecosystems in the world ocean. However, despite its ecological significance the role of trace elements influencing phytoplankton population in the Southern Benguela Upwelling System (SBUS) has not been thoroughly investigated. Here, we report pigment composition, macronutrients (nitrate, phosphate and silicate) and concentrations of dissolved Cd, Co, Fe and Zn during late austral summer and winter seasons in 2004 to understand the relationship between the selected trace elements and phytoplankton biomass in St. Helena Bay (SHB), which falls within the southern boundary of the SBUS. Chlorophyll a concentrations indicate higher phytoplankton biomass associated with high primary production during late summer in SHB where high diatom population is inferred from the presence of fucoxanthin. Diminished phytoplankton biomass and a shift from diatoms to dinoflagellates as the dominant phytoplankton taxa are indicated by diagnostic pigments during late winter. Dissolved trace elements (Cd, Co and Zn) and macronutrients play a significant role in phytoplankton biomass, and their distribution is affected by biological uptake and export of trace elements. Continuous uptake of Zn by diatoms may cause an onset of Zn depletion leading to a period of extended diatom proliferation during late summer. Furthermore, the transition from diatom to dinoflagellate dominated phytoplankton population is most likely facilitated by depletion of trace elements (Cd and Co) in the water column.

  5. Extranjeras, de Helena Taberna: el ojo crítico del documental frente a la inmigración

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Caballero Wangüemert

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available “Cine e inmigración” es una iniciativa loable por muchos motivos y, desde aquí, quiero agradecérsela al coordinador, Guido Rings. Mi conexión con el cine, tras muchos años como fascinada espectadora del séptimo arte, derivó en la puesta en marcha de una asignatura de libre configuración, “Femenino plural: mujer, cine y literatura” que, con sus más y sus menos, llevo impartiendo doce años en la Universidad de Sevilla. Me ha dado muchas satisfacciones acercarme al alumno que descubre otro modo de ver/leer cine y me enseña a hacerlo, y conectar con el mundo de críticos, guionistas y directoras que, año tras año, pasan por mi asignatura transmitiendo su experiencia. En este contexto, me tentó Extranjeras (2003, un documental de 75 minutos en el que Helena Taberna trata de plasmar la vida cotidiana de quienes así son consideradas, un documental, en definitiva, sobre Madrid en femenino: femenina la cámara, femeninas las protagonistas.

  6. The effects of intermittent calorie restriction on metabolic health: Rationale and study design of the HELENA Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schübel, Ruth; Graf, Mirja E; Nattenmüller, Johanna; Nabers, Diana; Sookthai, Disorn; Gruner, Laura F; Johnson, Theron; Schlett, Christopher L; von Stackelberg, Oyunbileg; Kirsten, Romy; Habermann, Nina; Kratz, Mario; Kauczor, Hans-Ulrich; Ulrich, Cornelia M; Kaaks, Rudolf; Kühn, Tilman

    2016-11-01

    Mechanistic studies suggest benefits of intermittent calorie restriction (ICR) in chronic disease prevention that may exceed those of continuous calorie restriction (CCR), even at equal net calorie intake. Despite promising results from first trials, it remains largely unknown whether ICR-induced metabolic alterations reported from experimental studies can also be observed in humans, and whether ICR diets are practicable and effective in real life situations. Thus, we initiated the HELENA Trial to test the effects of ICR (eu-caloric diet on five days and very low energy intake on two days per week) on metabolic parameters and body composition over one year. We will assess the effectiveness of ICR compared to CCR and a control diet over a 12-week intervention, 12-week maintenance phase and 24-week follow-up in 150 overweight or obese non-smoking adults (50 per group, 50% women). Our primary endpoint is the difference between ICR and CCR with respect to fold-changes in expression levels of 82 candidate genes in abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue biopsies (SATb) during the intervention phase. The candidate genes represent pathways, which may link obesity-related metabolic alterations with the risk for major chronic diseases. In secondary and exploratory analyses, changes in metabolic, hormonal, inflammatory and metagenomic parameters measured in different biospecimens (SATb, blood, urine, stool) are investigated and effects of ICR/CCR/control on imaging-based measures of subcutaneous, visceral and hepatic fat are evaluated. Our study is the first randomized trial over one year testing the effects of ICR on metabolism, body composition and psychosocial factors in humans. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. The hELENa project - I. Stellar populations of early-type galaxies linked with local environment and galaxy mass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sybilska, A.; Lisker, T.; Kuntschner, H.; Vazdekis, A.; van de Ven, G.; Peletier, R.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; Vijayaraghavan, R.; Janz, J.

    2017-09-01

    We present the first in a series of papers in The role of Environment in shaping Low-mass Early-type Nearby galaxies (hELENa) project. In this paper, we combine our sample of 20 low-mass early types (dEs) with 258 massive early types (ETGs) from the ATLAS3D survey - all observed with the SAURON integral field unit - to investigate early-type galaxies' stellar population scaling relations and the dependence of the population properties on local environment, extended to the low-σ regime of dEs. The ages in our sample show more scatter at lower σ values, indicative of less massive galaxies being affected by the environment to a higher degree. The shape of the age-σ relations for cluster versus non-cluster galaxies suggests that cluster environment speeds up the placing of galaxies on the red sequence. While the scaling relations are tighter for cluster than for the field/group objects, we find no evidence for a difference in average population characteristics of the two samples. We investigate the properties of our sample in the Virgo cluster as a function of number density (rather than simple clustrocentric distance) and find that dE ages correlate with the local density such that galaxies in regions of lower density are younger, likely because they are later arrivals to the cluster or have experienced less pre-processing in groups, and consequently used up their gas reservoir more recently. Overall, dE properties correlate more strongly with density than those of massive ETGs, which was expected as less massive galaxies are more susceptible to external influences.

  8. Association of heart rate and blood pressure among European adolescents with usual food consumption: The HELENA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julián-Almárcegui, C; Vandevijvere, S; Gottrand, F; Beghin, L; Dallongeville, J; Sjöstrom, M; Leclercq, C; Manios, Y; Widhalm, K; Ferreira De Morares, A C; Gónzalez-Gross, M; Stehle, P; Castillo, M J; Moreno, L A; Kersting, M; Vyncke, K; De Henauw, S; Huybrechts, I

    2016-06-01

    In adults, there is some evidence that improving diet reduces blood pressure (BP) and the subsequent risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, studies that analyse this association in adolescents are still scarce. The objective of the present study was to examine the associations between heart rate, systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) among European adolescents and usual intake of vegetables, fruits, dairy products, meat, fish, high-sugar foods and savoury snacks. In total, 2283 adolescents from the HELENA-study (12.5-17.5 years old; 1253 girls) were included. Dietary intake was assessed using two computerized 24-hour dietary recalls. Age, sex, body mass index, maternal educational level, physical activity and Tanner stage were considered as confounders. Associations were examined by mixed model analysis stratified by sex. Tests for trend were assessed by tertiles of intake while controlling for the aforementioned confounders. Dairy products and fish intake were negatively associated with BP and heart rate. Significant decreasing trends were observed for heart rate and BP across tertiles of dairy products, fish intake and high-sugar foods intake (p blood pressure and heart rate have been found in European adolescents. Dietary intervention studies are needed to explore these associations in the context of the modification of several risk factors for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Copyright © 2016 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Prevalência de enteroparasitoses na população do município de Maria Helena, Paraná Prevalence of enteroparasitosis in the population of Maria Helena, Paraná State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Aparecida dos Santos

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available O estudo epidemiológico dos parasitas intestinais tem por objetivo determinar as principais doenças e seus respectivos agentes etiológicos que se encontram distribuídos por todo o mundo, de forma endêmica ou epidêmica. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a prevalência de infecção por enteroparasitoses, em qual idade há sua maior prevalência, relacionando a infecção com a idade, o sexo e a região em que a pessoa vive, no município de Maria Helen (PR. A coleta de dados foi realizada de junho de 2004 a maio de 2006. Foram analisadas 431 amostras de fezes pelo método de sedimentação espontânea e centrífugo-flutuação. A prevalência de enteroparasitoses foi de 16%, sendo os enteroparasitas mais frequentes: Endolimax nana (6,5%, Entamoeba coli (3,5%, Giardia intestinalis (6,3%, Ascaris lumbricoides (1,4%, Strongyloides stercoralis (0,7%, Entrobius vermicularis (0,7%, Ancilostomídeo (0,2%, Entamoeba hystolitica e Taenia sp (0,2%. O poliparasitismo foi detectado em 3,2% das amostras. A faixa etária que apresentou maior prevalência foi de zero a nove anos, porém não houve diferença estatística entre os fatores analisados, uma vez que p>0,05. Diante desses resultados, conclui-se que o município apresenta características similares em relação à zona rural e urbana.The epidemiological study on intestinal parasites has the purpose of determining the main diseases and their respective etiologic agents, which are endemically or epidemically spread worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the enteroparasitosis infection prevalence, in which age group they prevail, relating the infection with age, gender, and the region in which the person lives, in the city of Maria Helena - PR. Data collection was performed from June of 2004 to May of 2006. 431 samples of feces were analyzed through the spontaneous sedimentation and centrifugal fluctuation methods. The enteroparasitosis prevalence was of 16%, being the most frequent

  10. Mõisamuinasjutt / Helena Piip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piip, Helena

    2004-01-01

    Jõuluaja veetmise võimalustest Palmse mõisas. Mõisarahvas kannab Mare Raidma kavandite järgi valmistatud 19. sajandi rõivaid. Keldri veini-, jahisaali jm. ruumide sisustuse on kavandanud Kalju Kivi, "Isabella" kohviku on kujundanud Leila Pärtelpoeg. Sepikojas (sepp Kaupo Kangur) saab õnne valada ja rauda taguda

  11. Clustering of multiple energy balance related behaviors is associated with body fat composition indicators in adolescents: Results from the HELENA and ELANA studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Naiara Ferraz; da Veiga, Gloria Valeria; Santaliestra-Pasías, Alba María; Androutsos, Odysseas; Cuenca-García, Magdalena; de Oliveira, Alessandra Silva Dias; Pereira, Rosangela Alves; de Moraes, Anelise Bezerra de Vasconcelos; Van den Bussche, Karen; Censi, Laura; González-Gross, Marcela; Cañada, David; Gottrand, Frederic; Kafatos, Anthony; Marcos, Ascensión; Widhalm, Kurt; Mólnar, Dénes; Moreno, Luis Alberto

    2018-01-01

    The objective of this study was to identify clustering patterns of four energy balance-related behaviors (EBRB): television (TV) watching, moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V), and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), among European and Brazilian adolescents. EBRB associations with different body fat composition indicators were then evaluated. Participants included adolescents from eight European countries in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescents) study (n = 2,057, 53.8% female; age: 12.5-17.5 years) and from the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro/Brazil in the ELANA study (the Adolescent Nutritional Assessment Longitudinal Study) (n = 968, 53.2% female; age: 13.5-19 years). EBRB data allowed for sex- and study-specific clusters. Associations were estimated by ANOVA and odds ratios. Five clustering patterns were identified. Four similar clusters were identified for each sex and study. Among boys, different cluster identified was characterized by high F&V consumption in the HELENA study and high TV watching and high MVPA time in the ELANA study. Among girls, the different clusters identified was characterized by high F&V consumption in both studies and, additionally, high SSB consumption in the ELANA study. Regression analysis showed that clusters characterized by high SSB consumption in European boys; high TV watching, and high TV watching plus high MVPA in Brazilian boys; and high MVPA, and high SSB and F&V consumption in Brazilian girls, were positively associated with different body fat composition indicators. Common clusters were observed in adolescents from Europe and Brazil, however, no cluster was identified as being completely healthy or unhealthy. Each cluster seems to impact on body composition indicators, depending on the group. Public health actions should aim to promote adequate practices of EBRB. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  12. Observations on the oldest known icons of the Monastery of King Marko (I: The issue of the patronage of Helena Dragaš and the inscription on the shield of St Demetrios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marković Miodrag

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper refutes the assumption of Petar Miljković-Pepek that the oldest icons in the treasury of Monastery of King Marko were painted between 1395 and 1405, as a gift the Byzantine empress Helena Dragaš made to the monastery so as to ensure a yearly memorial service for her tragically killed father Constantine. The part of the inscription on the icon of St Demetrios, on which the assumption was based, has been differently interpreted here: it is not actually related to empress Helena but to the military title of Thessalonian megalomartyr, like the rest of the inscription. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177036: Srpska srednjovekovna umetnost i njen evropski kontekst

  13. Developing a community owned wind farm, with social and economic benefits for a low-income community, at St Helena Bay, Western Cape, South Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewin, J. [Seeland Development Trust (South Africa); Chown, D. [Genesis Eco-Energy, Cape Town (South Africa); Townsend, N. [Oxfam (United Kingdom)

    2008-07-01

    This paper described the development of a wind farm at St. Helena Bay in South Africa that involved the collaboration of the Seeland Development Trust, Genesis Eco-Energy and Oxfam. Some of the challenges that have emerged were presented along with the solutions that have been found to those problems, many of which are applicable to other communities attempting to undertake a similar project. The primary objective of this project was to develop a substantially community owned, renewable energy power project, from which revenues will be used to contribute to a range of social and economic development projects. The project, which is in the early stages of development, will have additional benefits, such as job creation, reductions in carbon dioxide emissions, development of alternative financial models for the development of renewable energy and the demonstration of renewable energy as an economically viable opportunity in South Africa. The project site was acquired by the Seeland Development Trust under the South African Government's land restitution process, and is to be used to address issues of poverty, economic development and job creation. This paper described the unique partnership of a local community, a private sector company and a global charity, and presented the business and ownership models that have been developed to achieve the overall objective of the wind energy project.

  14. Breakfast habits and factors influencing food choices at breakfast in relation to socio-demographic and family factors among European adolescents. The HELENA Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallström, Lena; Vereecken, Carine A; Ruiz, Jonatan R; Patterson, Emma; Gilbert, Chantal C; Catasta, Giovina; Díaz, Ligia-Esperanza; Gómez-Martínez, Sonia; González Gross, Marcela; Gottrand, Frédéric; Hegyi, Adrienn; Lehoux, Claire; Mouratidou, Theodora; Widham, Kurt; Aström, Annika; Moreno, Luis A; Sjöström, Michael

    2011-06-01

    Breakfast consumption has been shown to be an important indicator of a healthy lifestyle. Little is known however about factors influencing breakfast consumption and food choices at breakfast in adolescents. The aim of the present study was therefore to describe breakfast habits, and factors influencing food choices at breakfast within the framework of the EU-funded HELENA Study, in 3528 adolescents from ten European cities. Additionally, socio-demographic differences in breakfast habits and in influencing factors were investigated. Half of the adolescents (and fewer girls than boys) indicated being regular breakfast consumers. Girls with mothers with a high level of education, boys from 'traditional' families and boys who perceived low family affluence were positively associated with breakfast consumption. Boys whose parents gave encouragement and girls whose peers ate healthily were more likely to be regular breakfast consumers. 'Hunger', 'taste', 'health concerns' and 'parents or guardian' were the most important influences on the adolescents' food choices at breakfast. Adolescents from southern Europe and girls reported to be more influenced by personal and socio-environmental factors. Socio-demographic differences, in particular regional and gender differences, need to be considered in discussions surrounding the development of nutritional intervention programs intended for adolescents. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. A indignação dialética: paixão e resistência em Maria Helena Souza Patto

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    Conrado Ramos

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho dialoga com a obra de Maria Helena Souza Patto, não com o propósito de datar e reificar uma autora e seu pensamento, mas sim de reavivar seu conteúdo crítico sobre a psicologia numa época em que a mediocrização dos cursos esbarra no mais raso sentido do termo formação. Nesse contexto, o objetivo deste trabalho é sustentar a obra da autora como contracorrente do que se impõe, como resistência ainda possível. Não obstante, analisa-se como o pensamento da autora contribuiu para nos legar uma psicologia absolutamente diferente da que ela própria encontrou. Abordam-se temas estudados em profundidade pela autora, tais como a história da psicologia, o fracasso escolar, a psicologia escolar, a psicologia aplicada à infância, a crítica à psicologia e as relações entre psicologia e política, temas sempre reunidos pela denúncia à ideologia hegemônica e pela indignação diante dos novos movimentos ideológicos que visam manter intactas as condições da dominação. Entende-se que o resultado final permite constelar um pensamento crítico e dialético segundo os métodos de reflexão da própria autora.

  16. Daily sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and insulin resistance in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondaki, Katerina; Grammatikaki, Evangelia; Jiménez-Pavón, David; De Henauw, Stefaan; González-Gross, Marcela; Sjöstrom, Michael; Gottrand, Frédéric; Molnar, Dénes; Moreno, Luis A; Kafatos, Anthony; Gilbert, Chantal; Kersting, Mathilde; Manios, Yannis

    2013-03-01

    The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the consumption of selected food groups and insulin resistance, with an emphasis on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB). The present research is a large multicentre European study in adolescents, the HELENA-CSS (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Cross-Sectional Study). Homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated. Several anthropometric and lifestyle characteristics were recorded. Dietary assessment was conducted by using a short FFQ. The participants were a subset of the original sample (n 546) with complete data on glucose, insulin and FFQ. All participants were recruited at schools. Median (25th, 75th percentile) HOMA-IR was 0.62 (0.44, 0.87). Mean HOMA-IR was significantly higher among adolescents consuming brown bread ≤1 time/week than among those consuming 2-6 times/week (P = 0·011). Mean values of HOMA-IR were also higher in adolescents consuming SSB >5 times/week compared with those consuming less frequently, although a statistically significant difference was detected between those consuming SSB 5-6 times/week and 2-4 times/week (P = 0.049). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that only the frequency of SSB consumption was significantly associated with HOMA-IR after controlling for potential confounders. In particular, it was found that HOMA-IR levels were higher among adolescents consuming SSB 5-6 times/week and ≥1 time/d compared with those consuming ≤1 time/week by 0.281 and 0.191 units, respectively (P = 0.009 and 0.046, respectively). The present study revealed that daily consumption of SSB was related with increased HOMA-IR in adolescents.

  17. Comparison of uniaxial and triaxial accelerometry in the assessment of physical activity among adolescents under free-living conditions: the HELENA study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanhelst Jérémy

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Different types of devices are available and the choice about which to use depends on various factors: cost, physical characteristics, performance, and the validity and intra- and interinstrument reliability. Given the large number of studies that have used uniaxial or triaxial devices, it is of interest to know whether the different devices give similar information about PA levels and patterns. The aim of this study was to compare physical activity (PA levels and patterns obtained simultaneously by triaxial accelerometry and uniaxial accelerometry in adolescents in free-living conditions. Methods Sixty-two participants, aged 13-16 years, were recruited in this ancillary study, which is a part of the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA. All participants wore a uniaxial accelerometer (ActiGraph GT1M®, Pensacola, FL and a triaxial accelerometer (RT3®, Stayhealthy, Monrovia, CA simultaneously for 7 days. The patterns were calculated by converting accelerometer data output as a percentage of time spent at sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous PA per day. Analysis of output data from the two accelerometers were assessed by two different tests: Equivalence Test and Bland & Altman method. Results The concordance correlation coefficient between the data from the triaxial accelerometer and uniaxial accelerometer at each intensity level was superior to 0.95. The ANOVA test showed a significant difference for the first three lower intensities while no significant difference was found for vigorous intensity. The difference between data obtained with the triaxial accelerometer and the uniaxial monitor never exceeded 2.1% and decreased as PA level increased. The Bland & Altman method showed good agreement between data obtained between the both accelerometers (p Conclusions Uniaxial and triaxial accelerometers do not differ in their measurement of PA in population studies, and either could be used in such

  18. Dietary sources and sociodemographic and lifestyle factors affecting vitamin D and calcium intakes in European adolescents: the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julián, Cristina; Mouratidou, Theodora; Vicente-Rodriguez, Germán; Gracia-Marco, Luis; Valtueña, Jara; González-Gross, Marcela; Ferrari, Marika; Gottrand, Frederic; Manios, Yannis; de la O, Alejandro; Widhalm, Kurt; Molnár, Dénes; Kafatos, Antonios; Sjöström, Michael; Kersting, Mathilde; Gunter, Marc J; De Henauw, Stefaan; Moreno, Luis A; Huybrechts, Inge

    2017-06-01

    To investigate dietary sources of Ca and vitamin D (VitD) intakes, and the associated sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, among European adolescents. Linear regression mixed models were used to examine sex-specific associations of Ca and VitD intakes with parental education, family affluence (FAS), physical activity and television (TV) watching while controlling for age, Tanner stage, energy intake and diet quality. The Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA)Cross-Sectional Study. Adolescents aged 12·5-17·5 years (n 1804). Milk and cheese were the main sources of Ca (23 and 19 % contribution to overall Ca intake, respectively). Fish products were the main VitD source (30 % contribution to overall VitD intake). Ca intake was positively associated with maternal education (β=56·41; 95 % CI 1·98, 110·82) and negatively associated with TV viewing in boys (β=-0·43; 95 % CI -0·79, -0·07); however, the significance of these associations disappeared when adjusting for diet quality. In girls, Ca intake was positively associated with mother's (β=73·08; 95 % CI 34·41, 111·74) and father's education (β=43·29; 95 % CI 5·44, 81·14) and FAS (β=37·45; 95 % CI 2·25, 72·65). This association between Ca intake and mother's education remained significant after further adjustment for diet quality (β=41·66; 95 % CI 0·94, 82·38). Girls with high-educated mothers had higher Ca intake. Low-educated families with poor diet quality may be targeted when strategizing health promotion programmes to enhance dietary Ca.

  19. Feasibility Study of Biopower in East Helena, Montana. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moriarty, K.

    2013-02-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed the RE-Powering America's Land initiative to reuse contaminated sites for renewable energy generation when aligned with the community's vision for the site. The former American Smelting and Refining Company (Asarco) smelter in East Helena, Montana, was selected for a feasibility study under the initiative. Biomass was chosen as the renewable energy resource based on the wood products industry in the area. Biopower was selected as the technology based on Montana's renewable portfolio standard (RPS) requiring utilities to purchase renewable power.

  20. Marysville, Montana, Geothermal Project: Geological and Geophysical Exploration at Marysville Geothermal Area: 1973 Results (With a Section on ''Contemporary Seismicity in the Helena, Montana Region'')

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blackwell, D.D.; Brott, C.A.; Goforth, T.T.; Holdaway, M.J.; Morgan, P.; Friedline, R.; Smith, R.L.

    1974-04-01

    This report describes field geological and geophysical investigations of the Marysville geothermal area, including geological mapping, sample collection, a ground total field magnetic survey, gravity survey, seismic ground noise survey, microearthquake survey, and heat flow study. Although sufficient data are not available, it is likely that a magma chamber is the heat source. A second section, ''Contemporary Seismicity in the Helena, Montana, Region'' examines the coincidence of high heat flow and earthquake swarm activity in this region. (GRA)

  1. Caracterização físico-química de amostras de mel de abelha africanizada dos municípios de Santa Helena e Terra Roxa (PR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.J. Moraes

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivo a caracterização físico-química de amostras de mel de Apis mellifera coletadas nos municípios de Santa Helena e Terra Roxa, localizados na região oeste do Estado do Paraná, Brasil. Foram coletadas 40 amostras de mel, sendo 20 do município de Santa Helena e 20 de Terra Roxa (PR, coletadas diretamente com os apicultores, as quais foram submetidas a análises físico-químicas de umidade, acidez, pH, cinzas, condutividade elétrica e cor, a fim de verificar se as mesmas apresentavam-se em conformidade com a legislação nacional vigente (Instrução Normativa nº 11, além de conhecer o perfil físico-químico do mel das diferentes localidades, na safra 2008/2009. Os dados encontrados foram submetidos à análise de variância e teste F a 5% de significância. Os resultados apresentaram diferença significativa (P<0,05 apenas entre os valores de acidez, tendo o mel oriundo de Terra Roxa apresentado valor mais alto (33,45±7,7meq.kg-1 que o de Santa Helena (24,53±6,3meq.kg-1. Em sua maioria, as amostras analisadas encontraram-se dentro das especificações determinadas pela legislação para as características físico-químicas, com exceção do parâmetro de umidade, que, apesar de não ter apresentado diferença significativa entre os valores encontrados para os dois municípios, estavam acima do limite estabelecido pela legislação (20% em 8 amostras do município de Santa Helena e em 7 de Terra Roxa, totalizando 37,5% das amostras. Essa característica pode ter deixado o produto mais susceptível à fermentação e pode ter sido ocasionada pela colheita imatura do mel.

  2. Geologic setting, sedimentary architecture, and paragenesis of the Mesoproterozoic sediment-hosted Sheep Creek Cu-Co-Ag deposit, Helena embayment, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Garth; Hitzman, Murray W.; Zieg, Jerry

    2012-01-01

    The northern margin of the Helena Embayment contains extensive syngenetic to diagenetic massive pyrite horizons that extend over 25 km along the Volcano Valley-Buttress fault zone and extend up to 8 km basinward (south) within the Mesoproterozoic Newland Formation. The Sheep Creek Cu-Co deposit occurs within a structural block along a bend in the fault system, where replacement-style chalcopyrite mineralization is spatially associated mostly with the two stratigraphically lowest massive pyrite zones. These mineralized pyritic horizons are intercalated with debris flows derived from synsedimentary movement along the Volcano Valley-Buttress fault zone. Cominco American Inc. delineated a geologic resource of 4.5 Mt at 2.5% Cu and 0.1% Co in the upper sulfide zone and 4 Mt at 4% Cu within the lower sulfide zone. More recently, Tintina Resources Inc. has delineated an inferred resource of 8.48 Mt at 2.96% Cu, 0.12% Co, and 16.4 g/t Ag in the upper sulfide zone. The more intact upper sulfide zone displays significant thickness variations along strike thought to represent formation in at least three separate subbasins. The largest accumulation of mineralized sulfide in the upper zone occurs as an N-S–trending body that thickens southward from the generally E trending Volcano Valley Fault and probably occupies a paleograben controlled by normal faults in the hanging wall of the Volcano Valley Fault. Early microcrystalline to framboidal pyrite was accompanied by abundant and local barite deposition in the upper and lower sulfide zones, respectively. The sulfide bodies underwent intense (lower sulfide zone) to localized (upper sulfide zone) recrystallization and overprinting by coarser-grained pyrite and minor marcasite that is intergrown with and replaces dolomite. Silicification and paragenetically late chalcopyrite, along with minor tennantite in the upper sulfide zone, replaces fine-grained pyrite, barite, and carbonate. The restriction of chalcopyrite to inferred

  3. A ASCENSÃO SOCIAL ATRAVÉS DO CASAMENTO E DA HERANÇA EM UMA SOCIEDADE COM MARCAS PATRIARCAIS: UMA ANÁLISE DA OBRA HELENA DE MACHADO DE ASSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Fátima Moraes de Souza (UTFPR

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available O patriarcalismo, sistema de organização familiar e social em que o chefe da família é o homem, é uma das características marcantes da sociedade do século XIX e XX.  Dessa forma, pode-se notar que algumas obras literárias da época representam tal sociedade, colocando o homem branco em papel de destaque e o negro e a mulher em papel inferior, de submissão ao homem branco. Sendo assim, tal artigo pretende analisar a presença do patriarcalismo por meio da leitura dos espaços destinados aos personagens, bem como analisar o papel de Helena, como ela se posiciona e como age em seu dia a dia, a fim de ascender socialmente na família em que foi reconhecida. Em contrapartida, analisar-se-á também a personagem Eugênia com a mesma finalidade, ou seja, observar como essa ascende na sociedade. Dessa maneira utilizar-se-ão das teorias de Roberto Reis (1987 e Gilberto Freyre (2006 para falar sobre a sociedade patriarcal, de DaMatta (1997 para analisar os espaços “casa” e “rua”, bem como a teoria de Mary Del Priore (2014 e Maria Ângela D’Incao (2013, para analisar o papel da mulher na história.  ABSTRACT: Patriarchy, family and social organization system in which the head of the family is the man, is a common characteristic of the society of the nineteenth and twentieth century. So, it can be noted that some literary works of the time represent that society, putting the white man in a prominent role and the black man and all the woman in a lower role, of submission to the white man. Accordingly, this article aims to analyze the presence of patriarchy by reading the spaces dedicated to the characters, as well to examine the role of Helena, how is her position and how she acts in her day-to-day life in order to rise socially through the family in which she was recognized. So, it will be used the theories of Roberto Reis (1987 and Gilberto Freyre (2006 to talk about patriarchal society, Roberto Da Matta (1997 to analyze the "home

  4. Notas sobre a contribuição da obra de Maria Helena Souza Patto em um Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabete Bassani

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar a trajetória de elaboração e implantação de uma disciplina oferecida, a partir do ano de 2009, pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação (PPGE da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES, intitulada “A Produção do Fracasso Escolar na Obra de Maria Helena Souza Patto” e relatar as contribuições dessa disciplina e da obra da autora na formação de professores e pesquisadores que têm como objeto de estudo o “fracasso escolar” em escolas públicas capixabas e brasileiras. Com esse propósito, apresentamos o contexto do PPGE, a configuração da disciplina oferecida e como a referida obra foi sendo desvelada para o grupo de alunos (mestrandos e doutorandos, assim como os desdobramentos da disciplina no PPGE.

  5. PRIORIDADES DE RESTAURACIÓN ECOLÓGICA DEL SUELO Y SUS SERVICIOS ECOSISTÉMICOS ASOCIADOS, DEGRADADOS POR USO AGROPECUARIO EN LA MICROCUENCA SANTA HELENA (SUESCA-CUNDINAMARCA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MILENA CASTRO-ROMERO

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Se detectó, por medio del análisis del estado de conservación de los ecosistemas de la microcuenca Santa Helena, que el uso agropecuario intenso ha ocasionado una disminución de los servicios ecosistémicos del suelo (SES, lo cual puede poner en peligro la estabilidad económica y la seguridad alimentaria de las comunidades locales que dependen de ellos. El análisis permitió identificar las prioridades de restauración ecológica (RE del suelo y sus servicios ecosistémicos asociados necesarias para su recuperación. Se estimó el nivel de conservación del suelo (NCS para prestar servicios ecosistémicos, se halló el valor económico de los suelos (VES y se definieron prioridades de restauración del suelo para cada caso. Para los NCS se definieron cuatro niveles que permitieron calificar el 10.2% del área de la microcuenca con nivel de conservación (NCS muy bajo, el 53% con NCS medio y 23.6% con NCS alto. Para el VES se definieron tres niveles que aplicados a las 43 Unidades de Paisaje (UPs consideradas para la microcuenca, permiten diferenciarlas económicamente como de VES bajo (18 UPs, VES medio (9 UPs, VES alto (8UPs y VES muy alto (8 UPs. La prioridad de restauración muy alta se evidenció en las UPs con VES bajo y con NCS bajo y muy bajo. Las UPs con VES alto y NCS alto presentaron baja prioridad de restauración.

  6. Tänu Gary Schwartzile / Helena Risthein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Risthein, Helena, 1954-

    2011-01-01

    New Yorgis sündinud ja õppinud, Hollandis elavast kunstiteadlasest, hollandi kunsti spetsialistist Gary Schwartzist, tema töödest. 17. ja 18. augustil külastasid Gary ja Loekie Schwartz Eesti Kunstimuuseumi filiaale. Gary Schwartzi rajatud Madalmaade kunsti hoidjate ja uurijate rahvusvahelisest ühingust CODART, mille konverentsidest ja õppereisidest on ka eesti kunstiteadlased osa võtnud. Ühingu häälekandjast CODART Courant

  7. Tuntud ja tundmatud meistrid 4 / Helena Risthein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Risthein, Helena, 1954-

    2003-01-01

    Kadrioru lossis eksponeeritud teos "Madonna puuviljapärja keskel" koosneb kahest maalitahvlist, kuna tolleaegsed kunstnikud spetsialiseerusid kitsale erialale. Pieter Franzs. de Grebber (1600-1653) maalis Maarja Kristus-lapsega ja Frans Ykens (1601-1693) Maarjat ümbritseva puuviljapärja

  8. Tšehhi parlamendi Eurointegratsioonikomisjoni liikme pr. Helena Rögnerova ettekanne / Helena Rögnerova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rögnerova, Helena

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Proceedings of the 8th International conference Estonia and the European Union : Estonia on its way to a changing Europe : October 31-November 2, 2001. - Tallinn, lk., lk. 80-82. Euroopa integratsioon on positiivne reageering globaliseerumise väljakutsetele

  9. Comentario sobre el libro de Enric Saguer Hom, Gabriel Jover Avellà y Helena Benito Mundet (eds.: Comtes de senyor, comtes de pagès. Les comptabilitats agràries en la historia rural. Associació d'Història Rural de les Comarques Gironines. Centre de Recerca Històrica Rural (Institut de Recerca Històrica de la Universitat de Girona i Documenta Universitaria (Biblioteca d'Història Rural, col·lecció Fonts, 7, Girona, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaspar Feliu

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Comentario sobre el libro de Enric Saguer Hom, Gabriel Jover Avellà y Helena Benito Mundet (eds.: Comtes de senyor, comtes de pagès. Les comptabilitats agràries en la historia rural. Associació d'Història Rural de les Comarques Gironines. Centre de Recerca Històrica Rural (Institut de Recerca Històrica de la Universitat de Girona i Documenta Universitaria (Biblioteca d'Història Rural, col·lecció Fonts, 7, Girona, 2013

  10. Barbas, Helena, Madalena. História e Mito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidinea Pedreira

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available É inquestionável a importância da recuperação e reconfiguração de histórias de personagens que contribuíram, ao longo dos séculos, para a criação e manutenção de estereótipos que serviram para a legitimação de papéis sociais e de comportamentos. Reescritas e reinterpretações da história – seja de relatos históricos, seja de mitos ou lendas – são possíveis e necessárias, uma vez que proporcionam espaços de discussão e de reconfiguração de papéis sociais, nomeadamente no que diz respeito às ide...

  11. Referendum Tšehhi Vabariigis / Helena Rögnerova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rögnerova, Helena

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Proceedings of the 9th international conference "Estonia and the European Union: Estonia on its way to a changing Europe" : October 30-November 1, 2002, Tallinn, Estonian National Library. - Tallinn, lk. 78-80. Tšehhi senati eurointegratsiooni komisjoni liikme arvates tuleks rahvani viia kaks sõnumit: EL on valmis looma ühesuguseid tingimusi nii praegustele kui uutele liikmetele ja EL-i liikmesriigina on tagatud neile traditsioonilised Euroopa väärtused nagu demokraatia, õigusriik, inimõiguste austamine ja vähemuste kaitsmine

  12. Euripides's Helena and Pentateuch traditions: The Septuagint from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-06-17

    Jun 17, 2015 ... Ancient Greek Tragedies were received by the LXX translators, but of how Old Testament ..... The Hebrew text, however, uses different vocabulary ..... Job 36:28; 37:18–21; Psalms 35(36):6; 76(77):18; 88(89):7; Proverbs 8:28;.

  13. Maamehed kunstitemplis = Peasants at the temple of art / Helena Risthein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Risthein, Helena, 1954-

    2015-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisel näitusel "Natuuri rikkus. Eluläheduse idee ja Düsseldorfi koolkond" Kumus jääb loo autorile silma Oskar Hoffmanni julgelt koduvillane pärand. Tartus sündinud baltisaksa maalikunstniku Oskar Hoffmanni elust ja loomingust

  14. 77 FR 42694 - Helena National Forest, Montana, Telegraph Vegetation Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... beetle. Treatment is needed to ensure diverse and sustainable forest stands and to lessen the risks of... environmental impact statement. In July 2012, a scoping package will be mailed, an open house will be scheduled...

  15. 75 FR 1748 - Helena National Forest, Montana, Stonewall Vegetation Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-13

    ..., resilient, and sustainable to wildfire and insects; modifying fire behavior to enhance community protection... package will be mailed, an open house will be scheduled, and Web site information will be posted. It is...

  16. Õppijakeele korpuspõhisest analüüsist / Helena Metslang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Metslang, Helena

    2007-01-01

    Artikkel tutvustab õppijakeele korpuspõhise vea- ja kontrastiivanalüüsi võimalusi. Eesti õppijakeele arvutipõhiseks veaanalüüsiks annab võimaluse Tallinna Ülikooli üld- ja rakenduslingvistika õppetooli Eesti vahekeele korpus

  17. Schengen Facility hankeprojektid on täies hoos / Helena Loorents

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loorents, Helena

    2005-01-01

    Schengen Facility toetusest uutele EL-i liikmesriikidele. Schengen Facility programmi vahenditest toetatakse Eesti piirivalvele RIB C-1100 tüüpi paatide ning piirivalvekopter hankimist, valminud on uus merevalvekeskus

  18. H08365: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Saint Helena Sound, South Carolina, 1957-03-28

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  19. Fossil fields of Ilmandu and Muraste north Estonia / Valter Lang, Helena Kaldre, Marge Konsa...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Imandu ja Muraste küla maadel on plaanistatud seni kõige suurem fossiilsete põldude jäänustega ala Eestis. Esindatud on eri tüüpi põllusüseemid. Maaharimise alguse neil aladel võib dateerida eelrooma rauaaega ning see kestis kuni uusajani

  20. August Anni(sti) rahvuslik-demokraatlik kultuuriideaal Eesti Vabariigi algusaastail ja vaikival ajastul / Helena Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Helena, 1964-

    2008-01-01

    Rahvaluuledoktor August Anni(sti) rahvuslikust kultuurinägemusest ja -visioonist ning suhtumisest natsionalismi, sotsialismi ja demokraatiasse. Allikatena on kasutatud Anni(sti) artikleid, mis ilmusid vaadeldava perioodi kogumikes ja ajakirjanduses

  1. Diversity and characterization of culturable fungi from marine sediment collected from St. Helena Bay, South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mouton, M

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available origins. It has not been proven whether these fungi merely survive the harsh environmental conditions presented by the ocean sediment, as opposed to playing an active role in this ecological niche. During this study, marine sediment was collected from St...

  2. Prioritization of buffer areas with multi objective analysis: application in the Basin Creek St. Helena

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zuluaga, Julian; Carvajal, Luis Fernando

    2006-01-01

    This paper shows a Multi objective Analysis (AMO-ELECTRE 111) with Geographical Information System (GIS) to establish priorities of buffer zones on the drainage network of the Santa Elena Creek, Medellin middle-east zone. 38 alternatives (small catchment) are evaluated with seven criteria, from field work, and maps. The criteria are: susceptibility to mass sliding, surface and lineal erosion, conflict by land use, and state of the waterways network in respect to hydrology, geology and human impact. The ELECTERE III method allows establishing priorities of buffer zones for each catchment; the indifference, acceptance, veto, and credibility threshold values, as well as those for criteria weighting factors are very important. The results show that the north zone of the catchment, commune 8, in particular La Castro creek, is most affected. The sensibility analysis shows that the obtained solution is robust, and that the anthropic and geologic criteria are paramount

  3. Diatoms of the marine littoral of Steenberg's cove in St. Helena Bay, Cape province, South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Malcolm, HG

    1973-01-01

    Full Text Available transapical striae in 10 ~m. It is easily overlooked and though recorded in the samples as infrequent may be more abundant. Dimensions of the Steenberg?s Cove material were 8?10 1zm long, 3 jzm broad, striae 27 in 10 1cm. ? 619, 620. A. proteus GREGORY... (cf. CLEVE 1895: 103; GIFFEN 1970a, 267, Fig. 19). Always rare in the material. ? 619, 620. A. proteus var. coutigna CLEVE (cf. GIFFEN 1971 a, 3). As stated in a previous paper the author doubts whether these varieties viz. var. conti,gua CLEVE...

  4. Õppijakeel ja eesti vahekeele korpus / Pille Eslon, Helena Metslang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eslon, Pille

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli üld- ja rakenduslingvistika õppetooli juures alustatud vene emakeelega õppijate eesti vahekeele korpuse tööst, eesmärgiga toetada teise keele omandamise teaduslikku uurimist ja eesti keele kui teise keele õpetamise edasist arendamist

  5. Foreign Owned versus Domestically Owned Enterprises : Comparing Practive of Five Countries / Helena Hannula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hannula, Helena

    2000-01-01

    Analüüsitakse väliskapitali mõju viie riigi majandusele - Eesti, Ungari, Tšehhi, Slovakkia ja Sloveenia. Tabelid: töö ja varade tootlikkus kodumaistes ja välismaistes ettevõtetes; palgad kodumaistes ja välismaistes Eesti ja Ungari tööstusettevõtetes; kasumlikkus, eksport, varad, müügi netokäive, kasum kapitalilt ja tootlikkuse kasv kodumaistes ja välismaistes ettevõtetes

  6. Prime Contract Awards by State or Country, Place and Contractor. Part 3 (Lodi, California - Saint Helena, California), FY1991

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    8217 00𔃻) 0- .-4-4-4-𔃾 0D01l CN a xZI-Zx a 1.- 00 P- CD gao -s4Nnm-4 LIn n cn C’.j C1 00 NI (0 a 9xU0I- a C. 00 0 -0 0C 000C>-4 00 4 0 0 0D 0-4 * L LAJ4...0) .1 2(0(0-i Of Nf I(Do0N NO 4) < 0 -4 -C 04 - 4 -N 1 0N a 1- 16- 24 C.) 0 - IL I JINI I(0 Naci S 0 0 I-40) 2 0 I (0 C N I0N NC 1- m- C 1-1 1.- 0 I...7.1൰ .C. CIANNN F-- A-4 -4-4 -4 L--4 -4 M -A W-4 it w 0 (0.-I #I <(0 0(0 (0) "-00 00000 000000 coc o 0 ɘ) 0) ) 0)m0) 4D a) M 0( 11 U. I M0-4 aI - jIni

  7. Association of physical activity with muscular strength and fat-free mass in adolescents: the HELENA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moliner-Urdiales, Diego; Ortega, Francisco B; Vicente-Rodriguez, Germán; Rey-Lopez, Juan P; Gracia-Marco, Luis; Widhalm, Kurt; Sjöström, Michael; Moreno, Luis A; Castillo, Manuel J; Ruiz, Jonatan R

    2010-08-01

    The objective of this study is to analyse the association of objectively assessed physical activity (PA) with muscular strength and fat-free mass in adolescents, and to determine whether meeting the current PA recommendations is associated with higher levels of muscular strength and fat-free mass. The present cross-sectional study comprised 363 Spanish adolescents (180 females) aged 12.5-17.5 years. PA was assessed by accelerometry and expressed as average PA (counts/min), and min/day of inactive, light, moderate, vigorous and moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). MVPA was dichotomized into or = 60. Upper body muscular strength was measured with the handgrip strength test, and lower body muscular strength was measured with the standing broad jump, squat jump, counter movement jump and Abalakov tests. Fat-free mass was measured by DXA. We observed positive associations between vigorous PA and all the lower body muscular strength tests except for the counter movement jump in males. PA was not associated with fat-free mass in both males and females. Male adolescents engaged in at least 60 min/day MVPA performed better in the standing broad jump test. In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggest that only vigorous PA is associated with muscular strength, particularly lower-body muscular strength in male adolescents.

  8. Physical activity, sedentary time, TV viewing, physical fitness and cardiovascular disease risk in adolescents: The HELENA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Alan R; Gracia-Marco, Luis; Ruiz, Jonatan R; Castillo, Manuel J; Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel; González-Gross, Marcela; Kafatos, Anthony; Androutsos, Odysseas; Polito, Angela; Molnar, Dénes; Widhalm, Kurt; Moreno, Luis A

    2018-03-01

    To examine the independent associations between physical activity (PA) intensities, sedentary time (ST), TV viewing, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscular fitness (MF) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in youth. A cross-sectional study on 534 European adolescents (252 males, 282 females, 12.5-17.5years). Minutes per day of light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous (VPA) PA and total ST were measured using accelerometers. TV viewing time was measured using a questionnaire. CRF and MF were measured using the 20m shuttle run test and a hand dynamometer respectively. CVD outcomes included markers of body composition (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), WC/height (Ht) and sum of skinfolds (SumSF)), blood pressure, blood lipids and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Clustered CVD risk was calculated using SumSF, HOMA-IR, blood lipids and blood pressure. LPA had a significant positive independent relationship with all body composition outcomes (P0.10). MPA had a negative independent relationship with only WC (P=0.029) and ST was not significantly related to CVD risk (P>0.16). TV viewing had a significant positive independent relationship with HOMA-IR (PTV viewing time to lower CVD risk in youth. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Vitamins and iron blood biomarkers are associated with blood pressure levels in European adolescents. The HELENA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Moraes, Augusto César Ferreira; Gracia-Marco, Luis; Iglesia, Iris; González-Gross, Marcela; Breidenassel, Christina; Ferrari, Marika; Molnar, Dénes; Gómez-Martínez, Sonia; Androutsos, Odysseas; Kafatos, Anthony; Cuenca-García, Magdalena; Sjöström, Michael; Gottrand, Frederic; Widhalm, Kurt; Carvalho, Heráclito Barbosa; Moreno, Luis A

    2014-01-01

    Previous research showed that low concentration of biomarkers in the blood during adolescence (i.e., iron status; retinol; and vitamins B6, B12, C, and D) may be involved in the early stages of development of many chronic diseases, such as hypertension. The aim was to evaluate if iron biomarkers and vitamins in the blood are associated with blood pressure in European adolescents. Participants from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence cross-sectional study (N = 1089; 12.5-17.5 y; 580 girls) were selected by complex sampling. Multilevel linear regression models examined the associations between iron biomarkers and vitamins in the blood and blood pressure; the analyses were stratified by sex and adjusted for contextual and individual potential confounders. A positive association was found in girls between RBC folate concentration and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (β = 3.19; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.61-5.77), although no association between the vitamin serum biomarkers concentrations and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was found. In boys, retinol was positively associated with DBP (β = 3.84; 95% CI, 0.51-7.17) and vitamin B6 was positively associated with SBP (β = 3.82; 95% CI, 1.46-6.18). In contrast, holotranscobalamin was inversely associated with SBP (β = -3.74; 95% CI, -7.28 to -0.21). Levels of RBC folate and vitamin B6 in blood may affect BP in adolescents. In this context, programs aimed at avoiding high BP levels should promote healthy eating behavior by focusing on the promotion of vegetable proteins and foods rich in vitamin B12 (i.e., white meat and eggs), which may help to achieve BP blood control in adolescents. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Diet quality and attention capacity in European adolescents: the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriksson, Pontus; Cuenca-García, Magdalena; Labayen, Idoia; Esteban-Cornejo, Irene; Henriksson, Hanna; Kersting, Mathilde; Vanhelst, Jeremy; Widhalm, Kurt; Gottrand, Frederic; Moreno, Luis A; Ortega, Francisco B

    2017-06-01

    Adolescence represents an important period for the development of executive functions, which are a set of important cognitive processes including attentional control. However, very little is known regarding the associations of nutrition with components of executive functions in adolescence. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate associations of dietary patterns and macronutrient composition with attention capacity in European adolescents. This cross-sectional study included 384 (165 boys and 219 girls) adolescents, aged 12·5-17·5 years, from five European countries in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study. Attention capacity was examined using the d2 Test of Attention. Dietary intake was assessed through two non-consecutive 24 h recalls using a computer-based self-administered tool. Three dietary patterns (diet quality index, ideal diet score and Mediterranean diet score) and macronutrient/fibre intakes were calculated. Linear regression analysis was conducted adjusting for age, sex, BMI, maternal education, family affluence scale, study centre and energy intake (only for Mediterranean diet score). In these adjusted regression analyses, higher diet quality index for adolescents and ideal diet score were associated with a higher attention capacity (standardised β=0·16, P=0·002 and β=0·15, P=0·005, respectively). Conversely, Mediterranean diet score or macronutrient/fibre intake were not associated with attention capacity (P>0·05). Our results suggest that healthier dietary patterns, as indicated by higher diet quality index and ideal diet score, were associated with attention capacity in adolescence. Intervention studies investigating a causal relationship between diet quality and attention are warranted.

  11. 2010 NOAA Ortho-rectified Near-Infrared MHW Mosaic of South Carolina: Hilton Head to St. Helena Sound

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains ortho-rectified mosaic tiles, created as a product from the NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) initiative. The source imagery...

  12. 2010 NOAA Ortho-rectified Color MHW Mosaic of South Carolina: Hilton Head to St. Helena Sound

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains ortho-rectified mosaic tiles, created as a product from the NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) initiative. The source imagery...

  13. Neutron-irradiation + helium hardening and embrittlement modeling of 9% Cr-steels in an engineering perspective (HELENA)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chaouadi, Rachid

    2008-07-01

    This report provides a physically-based engineering model to estimate the radiation hardening of 9%Cr-steels under both displacement damage (dpa) and helium. The model is essentially based on the dispersed barrier hardening theory and the dynamic re-solution of helium under displacement cascades. However, a number of assumptions and simplifications were considered to obtain a simple description of irradiation hardening and embrittlement primarily relying on the available experimental data. As a result, two components were basically identified, the dpa component that can be associated with black dots and small loops and the He-component accounting for helium bubbles. The dpa component is strongly dependent on the irradiation temperature and its dependence law was based on a first-order annealing kinetics. The damage accumulation law was also modified to take saturation into account. Finally, the global kinetics of the damage accumulation kept defined, its amplitude is fitted to one experimental condition. The model was rationalized on an experimental database that mainly consists of {proportional_to}9%Cr-steels irradiated in the technologically important temperature range of 50 to 600 C up do 50 dpa and with a He-content up to {proportional_to}5000 appm, including neutron and proton irradiation as well as implantation. The test temperature effect is taken into account through a normalization procedure based on the change of the Young's modulus and the anelastic deformation that occurs at high temperature. Finally, the hardening-to-embrittlement correlation is obtained using the load diagram approach. Despite the large experimental scatter, inherent to the variety of the materials and irradiation as well as testing conditions, the obtained results are very promising. Improvement of the model performance is still possible by including He-hardening saturation and high temperature softening but unfortunately, at this stage, a number of conflicting experimental data reported in literature should first be clarified. (orig.)

  14. Neutron-irradiation + helium hardening and embrittlement modeling of 9% Cr-steels in an engineering perspective (HELENA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chaouadi, Rachid

    2008-01-01

    This report provides a physically-based engineering model to estimate the radiation hardening of 9%Cr-steels under both displacement damage (dpa) and helium. The model is essentially based on the dispersed barrier hardening theory and the dynamic re-solution of helium under displacement cascades. However, a number of assumptions and simplifications were considered to obtain a simple description of irradiation hardening and embrittlement primarily relying on the available experimental data. As a result, two components were basically identified, the dpa component that can be associated with black dots and small loops and the He-component accounting for helium bubbles. The dpa component is strongly dependent on the irradiation temperature and its dependence law was based on a first-order annealing kinetics. The damage accumulation law was also modified to take saturation into account. Finally, the global kinetics of the damage accumulation kept defined, its amplitude is fitted to one experimental condition. The model was rationalized on an experimental database that mainly consists of ∝9%Cr-steels irradiated in the technologically important temperature range of 50 to 600 C up do 50 dpa and with a He-content up to ∝5000 appm, including neutron and proton irradiation as well as implantation. The test temperature effect is taken into account through a normalization procedure based on the change of the Young's modulus and the anelastic deformation that occurs at high temperature. Finally, the hardening-to-embrittlement correlation is obtained using the load diagram approach. Despite the large experimental scatter, inherent to the variety of the materials and irradiation as well as testing conditions, the obtained results are very promising. Improvement of the model performance is still possible by including He-hardening saturation and high temperature softening but unfortunately, at this stage, a number of conflicting experimental data reported in literature should first be clarified. (orig.)

  15. Tööõnnetusi on parem ära hoida kui pärast ohata / Helena Noot, Aldo Vassar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noot, Helena

    2017-01-01

    Tööohutusest ja tööõnnetusest, tööohutuse tagamisest. Tööõnnetusega tekitatud kahju hüvitamisest. Töötaja ja tööandja vastutusest tööõnnetuse korral. Sisaldab asjakohast kohtupraktikat

  16. Ingesta de huevo y factores de riesgo cardiovascular en adolescentes; papel de la actividad física: Estudio HELENA

    OpenAIRE

    A. Soriano-Maldonado; M. Cuenca-García; L. A. Moreno; M. González-Gross; C. Leclercq; O. Androutsos; E. J. Guerra-Hernández; M. J. Castillo; J. R. Ruiz

    2013-01-01

    Introducci??n: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECVs) suponen la principal causa de morbi-mortalidad en los pa??ses occidentales. El incremento del colesterol plasm??tico se ha relacionado con el desarrollo de ECV. El huevo, por su alto contenido en colesterol, ha sido indirectamente relacionado con el riesgo de desarrollar ECVs. Objetivo: Examinar la asociaci??n entre ingesta de huevo y factores de riesgo cardiovascular en adolescentes, estudiando si dicha relaci??n est?? influenciada por ...

  17. 75 FR 2887 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... York Masons--Pleasant Grove School, 2525 Old Lower River Rd., Douglasville, 09001301. IOWA Cedar County... Restricted, Walton, 09001310. Mason County Helena United Methodist Church, 6479 Helena Rd., Helena, 09001311...

  18. Ere täht Britta / Britta Vahur ; interv. Jüri Muttika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahur, Britta, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    Rubriigis "elu ühes päevas" TV 3 uues telesarjas "Helena" peaosalist kehastav Britta Vahur endast. Lisaks sarja stsenaristi Marko Lillemägi kirjutatud "Seriaalikangelanna Helena Haas (23)", mis kirjeldab seriaali Helena päeva

  19. Falquet Jules, Hirata Helena, Kergoat Danièle, Labari Brahim, Le Feuvre Nicky, Sow Fatou(Dir., Le sexe de la mondialisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Giraud

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available L’ouvrage Le sexe de la mondialisation – Genre, classe, race et nouvelle division du travail mérite une grande attention de la communauté académique et au-delà, pour au moins quatre raisons. En premier lieu, cet ouvrage traite d’une question essentielle pour la compréhension du monde contemporain, celle de la dimension genrée de la mondialisation. En deuxième lieu, il réunit une équipe d’auteures et auteurs francophones et autres (plus de la moitié des textes sont traduits de l’anglais de pr...

  20. La defensa de las emociones: Gorgias y la producción retórica de páthe en el Encomio de Helena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliano J. Buis

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of a comparison with the rhetorical presentation of pathe as means of persuasion in Aristotle’s Rhetoric, this paper intends to shed light on the importance of the construction of emotional effects in the Encomium of Helen. The purpose is to show the way in which Gorgias manages to resort to an efficient argumentative use of affections (and their manipulation in the judicial arena even before the theoretical attempt by Aristotle.

  1. Spatial characteristics of sediment trace metals in an eastern boundary upwelling retention area (St. Helena Bay, South Africa): A hydrodynamic-biological pump hypothesis

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Monteiro, PMS

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available fluxes from bottom sediments defined by a high sedimentation rate of organic matter. It is proposed that trace metals may play an important role in alleviating part of the ecological stress by forming sulfide complexes in such systems. A spatially...

  2. A Study of Programs and Services: An Action Report. Montana State Dissemination Worksessions, Office of Public Instruction (Helena, Montana, November and December 1979 and January 1980).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    Input into the design, content, and development of a comprehensive resource tool--the Montana Educational Resources and Services notebook--was provided by the 16 members of a planning team made up of Office of Public Instruction (OPI) managers and consultants, selected Montana educators, and Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory Dissemination…

  3. Jitka Folwarczna

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Transient expression of Human papillomavirus type 16 L2 epitope fused to N- and C-terminus of coat protein of Potato virus X in plants · Noemi Cerovska Hana Hoffmeisterova Tomas Moravec Helena Plchova Jitka Folwarczna Helena Synkova Helena Ryslava Viera Ludvikova Michal Smahel · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  4. Folate and vitamin B12 concentrations are associated with plasma DHA and EPA fatty acids in European adolescents: the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglesia, I; Huybrechts, I; González-Gross, M; Mouratidou, T; Santabárbara, J; Chajès, V; González-Gil, E M; Park, J Y; Bel-Serrat, S; Cuenca-García, M; Castillo, M; Kersting, M; Widhalm, K; De Henauw, S; Sjöström, M; Gottrand, F; Molnár, D; Manios, Y; Kafatos, A; Ferrari, M; Stehle, P; Marcos, A; Sánchez-Muniz, F J; Moreno, L A

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to examine the association between vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12 biomarkers and plasma fatty acids in European adolescents. A subsample from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study with valid data on B-vitamins and fatty acid blood parameters, and all the other covariates used in the analyses such as BMI, Diet Quality Index, education of the mother and physical activity assessed by a questionnaire, was selected resulting in 674 cases (43 % males). B-vitamin biomarkers were measured by chromatography and immunoassay and fatty acids by enzymatic analyses. Linear mixed models elucidated the association between B-vitamins and fatty acid blood parameters (changes in fatty acid profiles according to change in 10 units of vitamin B biomarkers). DHA, EPA) and n-3 fatty acids showed positive associations with B-vitamin biomarkers, mainly with those corresponding to folate and vitamin B12. Contrarily, negative associations were found with n-6:n-3 ratio, trans-fatty acids and oleic:stearic ratio. With total homocysteine (tHcy), all the associations found with these parameters were opposite (for instance, an increase of 10 nmol/l in red blood cell folate or holotranscobalamin in females produces an increase of 15·85 µmol/l of EPA (P value DHA (P value acids might suggest underlying mechanisms between B-vitamins and CVD and it is worth the attention of public health policies.

  5. Review: Ina-Maria Greverus, Sharon MacDonald, Regina Romhild, Gisela Welz & Helena Wullf (Eds. (2002. Stability Upon Shifting Ground: Review Note of Shifting Grounds: Experiments in Doing Ethnography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin M. Boylorn

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available This review is written in response to "Shifting Grounds: Experiments in Doing Ethno­graphy," a volume of the Anthropological Journal on European Cultures. This review cites the history and implications of ethnography as a methodology within various academic disciplines while praising the authors within this text for their contributions to various ways of "doing ethnography." By investi­gating and considering the body as an ethno­graphic site where life and stories are performed and em­bodied, this article considers the varying ways the authors respond to experimental and performative ethnography while applying it to relevant and current issues within anthropology. By engaging both the anthropological and historical turn of ethnography, this book thematically discusses the mobility of fieldwork, time, space, multi-locality, tour­ism, and tradition/culture. Shifting Grounds does not only offer experiments in doing ethnography, it also offers alternatives for doing ethnography. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0503175

  6. Praha biennaalist - Veneetsia kontekstis / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2007-01-01

    Praha biennaalist, korraldajad Giancarlo Politi ja Helena Kontova. Eestit esindasid Merike Estna, Alice Kask, Mark Raidpere. 52. Veneetsia biennaalist, kuraator Robert Storr. Eestit esindas Marko Mäetamm

  7. NYYD-festivali peakülaline on Mark-Anthony Turnage / Kaur Garshnek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garšnek, Kaur, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    20. oktoobril Estonia kontserdisaalis toimuvast briti helilooja teose ettekandest. 21. oktoobril toimuvast festivali lõppkontserdist Estonia kontserdisaalis, kus ettekandele tuleb Helena Tulve pala "Extinction des chses vues"

  8. Õhulised ruumid ja vasekuma / Suvi Ruotsi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruotsi, Suvi

    2008-01-01

    Soomes Reposaarel asuva vaskse katuse ja detailidega puitvilla Luvata (arhitekt Martin Wolff) sisekujundusest. Sisustuse kavandas soome sisearhitekt Helena Karihtala, tema kommentaarid. Plaan, 9 värv. vaadet

  9. "Gypsy" on asjatundjad elust maha kirjutanud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    2. dets. esietendub Vanemuises Ameerika vodevillistaari ja striptiisikuninganna Rose Louise Hovicki memuaaridel põhinev muusikal "Gypsy", lavastaja Mare Tommingas, osades Silvi Vrait ja Helena Merzin

  10. Striptiisi sünd Vanemuise laval

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    2. dets. esietendub Vanemuises Ameerika vodevillistaari ja striptiisikuninganna Rose Louise Hovicki memuaaridel põhinev muusikal "Gypsy", lavastaja Mare Tommingas, osades Silvi Vrait ja Helena Merzin

  11. Eesti disaini uudised / Kai Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Kai, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Toivo Raidmetsa isiknäitus "Barokist dadani" Rotermanni soolalaos, tekstiilikunstnik Helena Palmi ehted. Disainitudeng Liina-Kai Raivet sai teise koha Itaalias keraamiliste plaatide konkursil "Marchitecture"

  12. Tammsaare "Juudit" : jõhkruse ja kurbuse polüfoonia / Evi Arujärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arujärv, Evi, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Helena Tulve muusikast draamalavastusele Anton Hansen Tammsaare "Juudit". Muusikalise kujunduse aluseks olid orkestriteos "Sula" ja kammerteos "...il neige" ("...sajab lund"). Lavastaja Katri Aaslav-Tepandi, kunstnik Krista Tool, helilooja Helena Tulve, näitejuht Tõnu Tepandi. Peaosades Garmen Tabor ja Tõnu Tepandi. Esietendus 22. septembril 2006

  13. Võtme ja riiviga tantsufilm / Kristiina Garancis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garancis, Kristiina, 1969-

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvahelises ühistöös valminud tantsufilm "Teine" ("Another") : režissöör Rene Vilbre : stsenaristid Rene Vilbre, Teet Kask, Helena Jonsdottir : produtsent Heidi Pruuli : koreograaf ja peaoaline Helena Jonsdottir : osatäitjad Mait Malmsten, Ruslan Stepanov : Eesti - Island 2005

  14. Tantsufilm "Teine" ETV-s

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Täna on ETV-s rahvusvahelises ühistöös valminud tantsufilm "Teine" ("Another") : režissöör Rene Vilbre : stsenaristid Rene Vilbre, Teet Kask, Helena Jonsdottir : produtsent Heidi Pruuli : koreograaf ja peaoaline Helena Jonsdottir : osatäitjad Mait Malmsten, Ruslan Stepanov. Filmi võtted toimusid Tartu vanglas

  15. Sõpruses esilinastub Eesti-Islandi tantsufilm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    10. novembril esilinastub rahvusvahelises ühistöös valminud tantsufilm "Teine" ("Another") : režissöör Rene Vilbre : stsenaristid Rene Vilbre, Teet Kask, Helena Jonsdottir : produtsent Heidi Pruuli : koreograaf ja peaoaline Helena Jonsdottir : osatäitjad Mait Malmsten, Ruslan Stepanov. Filmi võtted toimusid Tartu vanglas

  16. Vanglarahvas tantsib Euroopasse / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvahelises ühistöös valminud tantsufilm "Teine" ("Another") : režissöör Rene Vilbre : stsenaristid Rene Vilbre, Teet Kask, Helena Jonsdottir : produtsent Heidi Pruuli : koreograaf ja peaoaline Helena Jonsdottir : osatäitjad Mait Malmsten, Ruslan Stepanov. Filmi võtted toimusid Tartu vanglas

  17. Rohkem kui lihtsalt tantsufilm / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvahelises ühistöös valminud tantsufilm "Teine" ("Another") : režissöör Rene Vilbre : stsenaristid Rene Vilbre, Teet Kask, Helena Jonsdottir : produtsent Heidi Pruuli : koreograaf ja peaoaline Helena Jonsdottir : osatäitjad Mait Malmsten, Ruslan Stepanov : Eesti - Island 2005

  18. Väikeste naiste oma ruum / Katrin Kivimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimaa, Katrin, 1969-

    1998-01-01

    Näitus "(Meta)Dialoog" A. H. Tammsaare muuseumis ja Kastellaanimaja galeriis. Kuraator Reet Varblane. Osalejad : Kiwa, Mari Laanemets, Helen ? (Helena) Lehtmets, Ele Praks, Piia Ruber, Liina Siib, Helena Palm, Kadi Soosalu, Killu Sukmit. Kõik tööd näitusel käsitlevad naist.

  19. Guidelines for Descriptive Cataloging of Reports: A Revision of COSATI Standard for Descriptive Cataloging of Government Scientific and Technical Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    Anuilla-SC St. Helena St. Helena St. Helena-SH St. Lucia St. Lucia St. Lucia -ST St. Pierre and St. Pierre and St. Pierre and Miquelon Miquelon...Isodoro del Lungo Del Lungo, I. Eufrosino della Volpala Della Volpaia, E. Angelo di Costanzo Di Costanzo, A. Gioacchino li Greci Li Greci, G. Niccolo 1o...Lungo Del Lungo, I. SPANISH Antonio del Rio Rio, A. del della Eufrosino della Volpaia Della Volpaia, E. den Ary den Hertog Hertog, A. den des Charles

  20. Summary of Synoptic Meteorological Observations (SSMO). South America and Selected Island Coastal Marine Areas, Atlantic Islands. Volume 3. Area 17 - Tierra del Fuego, Area 18 - Falkland Islands, Area 19 -South Georgia, Area 20 - Tristan da Cunha Group, Area 21 - Trindade, Area 22 - St. Helena, Area 23 - Ascension, Area 24 - St. Peter and Paul Rocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-06-01

    0 17.5 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 FACE »21 »TW* ■■’■ "■ IIUI" »E«ICD! fOVE«-«LO 1963-1970 JANUARY TABLE 18 (CONTi IKEA 0021 TOINDADE...DIRECTION VIPSuS SE4 HEIGHTS IFTl IKEA 0024 ST, PETER AND PAUL ROCKS ,6N 29.3» s iu HGT 1-3 4-10 11-21 22-33 34-47 41« PCT 1...l". - L ■■■’■■’ • ’ " wwm PEIKOl iQVER-»LLI IS’OS-l1»?» I SFPTEMBfR TABLE 16 (CDNT1 IKEA 002« ST. PETER AND PAUL RCfKS

  1. Koodivahetusest ja keelevahetusest / Anastassia Zabrodskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zabrodskaja, Anastassia

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Bani-Shoraka, Helena. Language choice and code-switching in the Azerbaijani community in Tehran : a conversation analytic approach to bilingual practices. Uppsala : Uppsala universitet, 2005. (Studia Iranica Upsaliensia ; 9)

  2. Plaadid / Rein Vader, Brigitta Davidjants, Liisi Laanemets...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest R.E.M. "Accelerate",, Lenny Kravitz "Love Revolution", MGMT "Oracular Spectacular", Nits "Doing the Dishes", The Hilliard Ensemble "Audivi Vocem", Helena Tulve "Lijnen", "Heima a film by Sigur Ros"

  3. Kuidas püüda hetke / Taimi Elenurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elenurm, Taimi

    2009-01-01

    Olevikule keskendumise positiivsest mõjust eluga edasi liikumisel ning vabanemaks kammitsevatest hinnangutest, samuti inglise psühholoogide Gill Hassoni ja Helena Pozniaki poolt kirjeldatud kuuest sammust, mis aitavad leida kontakti olevikuga ning olla õnnelikud

  4. Kak londonski smog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Õudusmuusikal "Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja" Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel : režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  5. Maniakk Depp möllab

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus õudusmuusikalile "Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja" (Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel), režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  6. Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus õudusmuusikalile "Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja" (Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel), režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  7. Maitsekohtunike filmiaasta 2002

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Chicago Sun-Timesi kriitik Roger Ebert, ajal. Helsingin Sanomat kriitik Helena Ylänen, Eesti Ekspressi Jaan Ruus ja Londoni Evening Standardi kriitik Alexander Walker avaldavad oma filmieelistused aastast 2002

  8. DVD. Alar Niineväli soovitab "Sweeney Todd" / Alar Niineväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niineväli, Alar

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus õudusmuusikalist "Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja" Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel : režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  9. Magus õudus / Maria Ulfsak-Sheripova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ulfsak-Šeripova, Maria, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus õudusmuusikalist "Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja" Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel : režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  10. Pirozhki s izjuminkoi ot Suini i Ko / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Õudusmuusikal "Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja" Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel : režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  11. Verine kättemaksumuusikal / Laurence Lumiere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lumiere, Laurence

    2008-01-01

    Õudusmuusikal "Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja" Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel : režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  12. Maitseasi / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Õudusmuusikal "Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja" Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel : režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  13. DVD. Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja / Egle Loo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loo, Egle

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus õudusmuusikalist "Sweeney Todd : The Demon Barber of Fleet Street" Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel : režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  14. Polish PM visits Lithuanian amidst anti-Lithuanian hysteria in Poland / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Poola peaminister Donald Tusk saabus Palangasse, et kohtuda Leedu peaministri Andrius Kubiliusega ja rääkida temaga Leedu hariduspoliitikast. Samuti pidas ta Vilniuses asuvas Püha Helena kirikus Leedus elavatele poolakatele kõne

  15. Eesti viib Rostrumile kolm teost

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    11. juunil algab Pariisis rahvusvaheline heliloojate Rostrum, millel osalevad ka kolme noore eesti helilooja teosed: Mirjam Tally :Swinburne" Hasso Krulli luulele, Tõnis Kaumanni "Long Play" brass ansamblile ja Helena Tulve "Traces"

  16. Global Ear. Werke 2001 - 2006

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Dresdenis muusikafestivalil "Global Ear" 23.3.03 esitusel Eesti heliloojate muusika: Helena Tulve "lumineux/opaque", Jaan Rääts "Meditation", Mirjam Tally "Aura", Mati Kuulberg "Sonate Nr.4", Mari Vihmand "Seitsmele"

  17. Habemeajaja, kes polnud deemonlik / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Õudusmuusikal "Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja" Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel : režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  18. 8 CFR 100.4 - Field offices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Class A Omaha, NE Des Moines, IA District No. 30—Helena, Montana Class A Chief Mountain, MT (May-October... facilities at Bandon, Brookings, Depoe Bay, Florence, Frankfort, Gold Beach, Newport (including Toledo), Port...

  19. "Gypsy" ehk killuke Ameerikat meie jaoks / Martin Gorris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gorris, Martin

    2001-01-01

    2. dets. esietendus Vanemuises Ameerika vodevillistaari ja striptiisikuninganna Rose Louise Hovicki memuaaridel põhinev Jule Styne'i muusikal "Gypsy", lavastaja Mare Tommingas, osades Silvi Vrait ja Helena Merzin

  20. Ot rokoko do romantizma / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2006-01-01

    Suveekskursioonide tsüklist "Eesti kunsti ajaloost" Kumus. Ekskursioonid teemadel "Rokokoost romantismini","Modernism. II Maailmasõja eelne eesti kunst" ja "Eesti kunst nõukogude perioodil". Ekskursioone juhivad kunstiteadlased Helena Risthein ja Karin Taidre

  1. Lätlased biennaalil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    48. Veneetsia biennaalil osaleb Läti riiklikult esindatuna esimest korda. Ekspositsioonis "Lood ja lugude vestjad" osalevad fotokunstnik Inta Ruka (fotoseeria "Minu maainimesed") ja installaatorid Anita Zabilevska (video "Ekspositsioon nr. 4") ning Ojars Petersons (video "Oranzh lugu"). Kuraator Helena Demakova

  2. Ooperimärkmeid padja kõrvalt, esmajoones Brittenist ja Tulvest / Kristel Pappel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pappel, Kristel, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Helena Tulve kammerooperi "Läheb nii pimedaks" ("It is Getting so Dark") (lavastaja Anu Lamp, videokujundus Tarvo Hanno Varres) ja Benjamin Britteni lühiooperi "Koovitaja jõgi" ("Curlew River") lavastustest Tallinna Linnateatri Taevalaval

  3. June 1925 Clarkston Valley, USA Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Location: east of Helena. Affected area: 803,000 square kilometers. Damage: $0.3 million. Chimneys fell in every direction from the shaking. In addition, brick and...

  4. HELENA’S TRAJECT ORIES IN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Genari

    2014-03-01

    students in the role of, Helena Del Bianco and allows them to make decisions regarding the respective issues faced. This case is indicated for use in courses related to human resource management and for undergraduate courses in particular.

  5. Eesti koerad hiilgavad sõnakuulelikkusega / Marko Tiidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiidelepp, Marko

    2014-01-01

    Koerte sõnakuulelikkuse MMist, mis toimus 8.-10. augustini Helsingis, FCI World Dog Show raames. Eestist osales neli koera ja võistlejat Anne Tammiksalu, Helena Trus, Natalia Garastsenko, Svetlana Zolotnikova

  6. GI Locator Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... LIBERIA LIBYA LIECHTENSTEIN LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG MACAO MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALAYSIA MALDIVES MALI MALTA MARIANA ISLANDS MARSHALL ISLANDS Martinique ... OF KOREA REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA REUNION ROMANIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION RWANDA SAINT BARTHéLEMY SAINT HELENA SAINT KITTS AND ...

  7. ETV teeb Tartu vanglas tantsufilmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    ETV-l valmib koos EFS-i ja Estinfilmiga kultuurikanali ARTE tellimusel tantsufilm "Teine" : režissöör Rene Vilbre : stsenarist Teet Kask : produtsent Heidi Pruuli : koreograaf ja peaoaline Helena Jonsdottir

  8. Vek makijazha / Vera Nedaivoda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nedaivoda, Vera

    2001-01-01

    Dekoratiivkosmeetika ajaloost. Tutvustatakse XX sajandi dekoratiivkosmeetika tuntumaid loojaid: poola päritolu Max Factor ja Helena Rubinstein, kanadalane Elisabeth Arden, Estée Lauder ja firma Revlon asutaja Charles Revson

  9. SVEN: Informative Visual Representation of Complex Dynamic Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-23

    the dialogue in two well known Shakespeare plays2. 0 1 2 3 4 DEMETRIUS DEMETRIUS LYSANDER LYSANDER HERMIA HERMIA OBERON OBERON HELENA HELENA PUCK PUCK...WITCH LORDS SECOND WITCH SERVANT THIRD APPARITION MENTEITH (b) Figure 10: Dialogue from Shakespeare plays. (a) Midsummer Night’s Dream (b) Macbeth 6...highlighting close friendships and changing groups. Finally, SVEN was used to show the sequence of speakers in two well known Shakespeare plays. Much future

  10. Mediano, Fernando Rodríguez et Felipe, Helena de (eds., El protectorado español en Marruecos. Gestión colonial e identidades, Estudios Arabes e Islámicos, Monografías, 4, CSIC, Madrid, 2002. Felipe, Helena de ; López-Ocon, Leoncio ; Marín, Manuela (eds, Angel Cabrera : ciencia y proyecto colonial en Marruecos, Estudios Arabes e Islámicos, Monografías, 7, CSIC, Madrid.García-Arenal, Mercedes ; Mediano, Fernando Rodríguez ; El Hour, Rachid (eds.,  Cartas Marruecas. Documentos de Marruecos en archivos Españoles (Siglos XVI-XVII, Estudios Arabes e Islámicos, Monografías, 3, CSIC, Madrid, 2002.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Desrues

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Ironie de l’histoire, le regain d’intérêt en Espagne pour le Maroc, en général, et pour le Protectorat espagnol, en particulier, coincide avec la consolidation d’un phénomène récent, à savoir : l’immigration marocaine. L’importance du « retour des morisques » tout au long des années 1990, ainsi que la participation de jeunes immigrés marocains dans les attentats du 11 mars 2004 rejoignent l’existence de contentieux territoriaux non-résolus (Sahara, Ceuta et Melilla ou encore la pêche parmi l...

  11. Modern Perspectives in Applied Mathematics: Theory and Numerics of PDEs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-13

    Stokes-Fokker- Planck systems 09:45 – 10:25 Helena Lopes (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro ) Boundary correctors and energy estimates for...Duke%University x Helena Lopes Universidade%Federal%do% Rio % de % Janeiro x x Andrew Majda New%York%University x Siddhartha Mishra ETH%Zurich x Stanley...09:00 – 09:40 Chair: Doron Levy (University of Maryland) Pierre-Louis Lions (Collège de France) 09:45 – 10:25 Andrew Majda (New York University

  12. 18 CFR Appendix A to Part 11 - Fee Schedule for FY 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ....10 Illinois White $34.66 Illinois Whiteside $69.31 Illinois Will $115.52 Illinois Williamson $46.21... $115.52 Louisiana St. Charles $115.52 Louisiana St. Helena $46.21 Louisiana St. James $34.66 Louisiana... Caroline $69.31 Maryland Carroll $115.52 Maryland Cecil $115.52 Maryland Charles $69.31 Maryland Dorchester...

  13. Short Communication A near mass stranding of cetaceans in St ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A group of 70 false killer whales Pseudorca crassidens and 124 bottlenose dolphins Tursiops sp., and a separate group of 13 Risso's dolphins Grampus griseus, assembled close inshore off a known mass-stranding site in St Helena Bay, South Africa, in October 2003. However, only a single Risso's dolphin attempted to ...

  14. Physical processes contributing to harmful algal blooms in Saldanha ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Since 1994, disruption of harvesting as a result of the presence of harmful algal species has been a regular late-summer phenomenon. Toxic blooms that are ultimately advected into the bay develop on the continental shelf to the north between 32°S and St Helena Bay, a region characterized by favourable conditions for ...

  15. Kaks doktoritööd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    20. juunil toimub Tartu Ülikoolis Helena Andresoni meditsiinidoktori väitekirja "Helicobacter pylori genotüübid Eesti krooniliste põletikuliste maohaigustega patsientidel" kaitsmine ning Ruth Rudissaare meditsiinidoktori väitekirja "Atüüpiliste antipsühhootikumide neurofarmakoloogia ning nende toime psühhoosi mudelis loomadel" kaitsmine

  16. Teisel pool fotot : üleval 70 tööd / Ragne Nukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nukk, Ragne, 1984-

    2011-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline fotonäitus "Teisele poole" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 8. jaanuarini 2012, kuraator Adam Budak. Eksponeeritakse kollaaže, fotodest valmistatud skulptuure, videosid, fotosid, installatsioone. Lühidalt portugali kunstniku Helena Almeida, sakslase Stefan Burgeri, korea kunstniku Sunah Choi, ameeriklase Marlo Pascuali töödest. Näitus toimub Tallinna fotokuu raames

  17. Vaata mulle näkku: mu nimi on Oleks Võinud Olla / Andreas Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Fotokuu raames Kumu Kunstimuuseumis rahvusvaheline kaamerakunsti näitus "Teisele poole" 7.10.2011-08.01.2012, kuraator Adam Budak Osaleb 19 kunstnikku, neist tutvustatakse: John Baldessari (California), Sunah Choi (Korea), Haris Epaminonda (Küpros), Helena Almeida (Portugal), Elad Lassry (Iisrael), Alexandre Singh (Prantsusmaa)

  18. Satisfaction of People Living with HIV/AIDS with the Care Services ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acer

    Satisfaction of People Living with HIV/AIDS Helena G. et al. 17. ORIGINAL ARTICLE ... RESULTS: Women had a mean age of 30.5 years while men 35.2 years. ... The hospital management should work to strengthen the .... married, 144 (50.3%) Orthodox Christian and 137. (47.9%) were ... Currently unmarried. 142. 144.

  19. 77 FR 15344 - National Priorities List, Proposed Rule No. 56

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... Identification Numbers by Site Site name City/county, state Docket ID No. Cedar Chemical Corporation West Helena........... Laguna Pueblo, NM...... EPA-HQ-SFUND-2012-0069. West Troy Contaminated Aquifer....... Troy, OH EPA-HQ... that HRS analysis. When a site is listed, the approach generally used to describe the relevant release...

  20. U.S. Overseas Military Presence: What Are the Strategic Choices?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    and objectivity. PROJECT AIR FORCE U.S. Overseas Military Presence What Are the Strategic Choices? Lynn E. Davis, Stacie L. Pettyjohn, Melanie W...2011a, 2011b, 2011c, 2011d; Blanchard, 2011. 2 Other bases were excluded from the database for other reasons: St. Helena Airfield, Klein Brogel

  1. Die boek van toeval en toeverlaat (Ingrid Winterbach): 'n ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The main character, Helena Verbloem, goes on a journey of discovery: to find her stolen shells, and to determine what role chance and contingency plays in man's search for meaning and order. On both these journeys she is accompanied by her colleague Sof Benadé and to a certain extent her employer, Theo Verwey.

  2. The Impact of Narrative-Based Learning in Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marunda-Piki, Chipo J.

    2018-01-01

    Narrative and story play a central role in cognitive and cultural development of children. In this article, I explore a narrative-centred pedagogy used to address the teaching and learning concerns of my pupils from Helena infant school, Zimbabwe. I document how, as a novice teacher, I deployed narrative learning in my teaching of English as a…

  3. Wallace ja Gromit tulid Londonis linale / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2005-01-01

    Londonis esilinastus animafilm "Wallace ja Gromit : Libaküüliku needus" : režissöör Nick Park : Suurbritannia 2005. Kohal olid ka tegelastele hääle andnud Ralph Fiennes, Helena Bonham Carter ja Peter Sallis

  4. AS SPECIATION AND EFFECTS OF PH AND PHOSPHATE ON THE MOBILIZATION OF AS IN SOILS FROM A LEAD SMELTING SITE. PUBLISHED IN ADVANCED PHOTON SOURCE ACTIVITY REPORT 2003.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsenic in soils from the Asarco lead smelter in East Helena, Montana was characterized by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). Arsenic oxidation state and mineralogy were analyzed as a function of depth and surface distribution using bulk and microprobe XAS. These results were c...

  5. ETV REPORT: EVALUATION OF HYDROMETRICS, INC., HIGH EFFICIENCY REVERSE OSMOSIS (HERO™) INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hydrometrics, founded in 1979 and located in Helena, MT, manufactures a commercial-ready High Efficiency Reverse Osmosis (HERO™) industrial wastewater treatment system. The system uses a three-stage reverse osmosis process to remove and concentrate metals for recovery while prod...

  6. La improvisación pierde espacio

    OpenAIRE

    Leticia Rodríguez Mendoza

    2008-01-01

    Ergonomía de concepción. Su aplicación al diseño y otros procesos proyectuales. Martha Helena Saravia Pinilla. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colección Biblioteca del profesional, Bogotá, 2006, 121 págs.

  7. Kaitstud magistri- ja doktoritööd 2014

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Magistritööd kaitsesid: Ekaterina Ermolaeva, Helena Haller, Kadri Kallast, Ville-Matti Aleksi Kataja, Laura Kiiroja, Alina-Ruxanda Mircea, Tatjana Pilipoveca, Liina Sieberk, Katsiaryna Suryna, Fatemeh Tavakoli, Ele Viskus; doktoritööd kaitses Vadim Verenitš

  8. Uudne paastumisõpetus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Detox-terviseõpetuse tähtsaim osa on alternatriivina täielikule paastumisele eriline 1-21 päeva kestev kuur, mille käigus organism puhastub kehasse ladestunud mürkidest. Kommentaarid: loodusravispetsialist Aive Luigela, perearst Helena Hansen, paastumisravispetsialist Natalia Trofimova ja perearst Svea Rosenthal

  9. Hoolimine kohvris / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1999-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline rändnäitus 'Suitcases' ('Kohvrid') Tallinna Kunstihoones. Tallinna näituse alateema on 'Who Cares?' ('Kelle asi?'). Näituse kuraator on soomlane Timo Mähonen. Eestit esindab näitusel kunstnik Helena Palm.

  10. Pärast kõike / intervjueerinud Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Vestlusring: Ain Mäeots, Merle Jääger, Helena Merzin, Margus Jaanovits, Riho Kütsar. Madis Kõivu võrukeelse näidendi 'Omavahelisi jutuajamisi tädi Elliga' lavastamisest Vanemuise teatris, lavastaja Ain Mäeots. Ka Kauksi Ülle kommentaar

  11. Selles töös oli kaks õudust : vangla ja tants / Mait Malmsten ; interv. Tiina Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Malmsten, Mait

    2005-01-01

    Näitleja räägib oma tööst ja rollist rahvusvahelises ühistöös valminud tantsufilmis "Teine" ("Another") : režissöör Rene Vilbre : koreograaf ja peaoaline Helena Jonsdottir. Filmi võtted toimusid Tartu vanglas

  12. Cuidado, cidadania e consubstancialidade: questionando as definições de tempo, trabalho e valor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraia Carolina de Mello

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available ABREU, Alice Rangel Paiva; HIRATA, Helena; LOMBARDI, Maria Rosa (Orgs..Gênero e trabalho no Brasil e na França: perspectivas interseccionais. Tradução de Carol de Paula. São Paulo: Boitempo, 2016. 284 p.

  13. 77 FR 76929 - Final Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-31

    ... Rocky Shelby County. Hollow Lane. Approximately 416 feet +464 upstream of Rocky Hollow Lane. Ivy Branch... of County Road 280 (Old Highway 280). Lee Branch Approximately 884 feet +553 City of Birmingham, City... +608 upstream of Hugh Daniel Drive. Lee Brook At the upstream side of +417 City of Helena. County Road...

  14. 76 FR 64943 - Proposed Cercla Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; ACM Smelter and Refinery Site, Located...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-19

    ... Settlement; ACM Smelter and Refinery Site, Located in Cascade County, MT AGENCY: Environmental Protection... projected future response costs concerning the ACM Smelter and Refinery NPL Site (Site), Operable Unit 1..., Helena, MT 59626. Mr. Sturn can be reached at (406) 457-5027. Comments should reference the ACM Smelter...

  15. Afrika jako cestovatelský zážitek a místo pro život Evropana. (Případ Heleny Šťastné-Bübelové)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brouček, Stanislav

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 22, č. 1 (2012), s. 28-38 ISSN 0862-8351 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : travelling * wanderlust * emigration * living in two cultures * Helena Šťastná-Bübelová Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  16. Potential Use of Hydrogen as a Defense Logistics Fuel - Revision 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-11-01

    Barbuda Guam Paraguay Armenia Guinea Portugal Aruba Guinea-Bissau Puerto Rico Bahamas, The Guyana Reunion Belgium Haiti Saint Helena Belize Honduras...alterna- tive energy industry in Michigan. At a DOE program review in May 2004, NextEnergy made a presentation on its plans for a Microgrid and Hydrogen

  17. 77 FR 58903 - Mississippi Disaster Number MS-00059

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ..., Madison, Newton, Perry, Rankin, Simpson, Wayne, Yazoo. Alabama: Choctaw. Louisiana: Concordia, East Carroll, East Feliciana, Madison, Saint Helena, Tangipahoa, Tensas, West Feliciana. All other information... and 59008) James E. Rivera, Associate Administrator for Disaster Assistance. [FR Doc. 2012-23408 Filed...

  18. 76 FR 31579 - Designation for the State of Georgia and State of Montana Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    ... agency Headquarters location and telephone start end Georgia Atlanta, GA (229) 386-3141......... 7/1/2011 6/30/2014. Additional Location: Tifton, GA.... Montana Helena, MT (406) 761-2141 7/1/2011 6/30/2014...

  19. Euroliit jagab kirjanduspreemiaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjon kuulutas välja esimesed Euroopa kirjanduspreemia laureaadid: Paulus Hochgatterer (Austria), Mila Pavicevic (Horvaatia), Emmanuelle Pagano (Prantsusmaa), Szécsi Noémi (Ungari), Karen Gillece (Iirimaa), Daniele Del Giudice (Itaalia), Laura Sintija Černiauskaitė (Leedu), Carl Frode Tiller (Norra), Jacek Dukaj (Poola), Dulce Maria Cardos (Portugal), Pavol Rankov (Slovakkia), Helena Henschen (Rootsi)

  20. La improvisación pierde espacio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Rodríguez Mendoza

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Ergonomía de concepción. Su aplicación al diseño y otros procesos proyectuales. Martha Helena Saravia Pinilla. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colección Biblioteca del profesional, Bogotá, 2006, 121 págs.

  1. Covert Action Lead -- Central Intelligence Agency or Special Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    designed, people will blame the action on the wrong party (the enemy). Thus, public opinion will be won over to the side that actually did the killing ...mountain warfare. The FSSF training was conducted at Fort William Henry Harrison in Helena, Montana. The FSSF was activated for Project Plough , which

  2. [The fatal disease of Napoleon Bonaparte].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinoza, R; González, C

    1996-09-01

    Napoleon Bonaparte, soldier, general and emperor, desired the European union. He abdicated twice and in 1814 was confined to Santa Helena island. From the biographic description of bis last exile, we have extracted a description of the disease that lead him to die. We postulate that he had a gastric lymphoma.

  3. Bagatellid : maailm / Mailis Põld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põld, Mailis

    2006-01-01

    Vürst Pierre'i Fondi muusikaauhinnale kandideerivad ka Toivo Tulev ja Helena Tulve. Pariisis esietendub Kaija Saariaho ooper "Adriana Mater". Pariisis renoveeritakse kuulus pleyeli saal. Hispaania heliloojast Atanasio Martin Ignacio Vicente Tadeo Francisco Peppegrin Martin y Soler ehk Hispaania Martinist

  4. Toward a Borderlands Ethics: The Undocumented Migrant and Haunted Communities in Contemporary Chicana/o Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Pablo A.

    2010-01-01

    By reading Helena Maria Viramontes's "Cariboo Cafe" and Daniel Chacon's "Godoy Lives," this essay argues that Chicana/o fiction articulates what I call a "borderlands ethics." Both Viramontes and Chacon give the undocumented migrant the power to merge the United States and Latin America, self and other, citizen and…

  5. Vanglamüüride vahel võeti üles tantsufilmi / Villu Päärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päärt, Villu, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    ETV-l valmib koos EFS-i ja Estinfilmiga kultuurikanali ARTE tellimusel tantsufilm "Teine" : režissöör Rene Vilbre : stsenarist Teet Kask : produtsent Heidi Pruuli : koreograaf ja peaoaline Helena Jonsdottir : osatäitjad Mait Malmsten, Ruslan Stepanov. Filmi võtetest Tartu vanglas

  6. 40 CFR 52.1375 - Control strategy: Lead.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Control strategy: Lead. 52.1375 Section...) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Montana § 52.1375 Control strategy: Lead. Determination—EPA has determined that the East Helena Lead nonattainment area has attained the lead national...

  7. Lennutranspordi turg ja perspektiivid 2005

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Air Proxy tegevjuhi Helena Rootsi 2004. aasta sügisel toimunud Äripäeva transpordi arengukonverentsil peetud ettekandest. Lennutranspordi olukorrast ja arengusuundadest. Lisa: Tallinna Lennujaama läbivad kaubakogused kasvavad. Vt. samas: Konverentsil esitatud küsimusi

  8. New observations on the miniature of the vision of Saint Gregory of Nazianzus in Paris. GR. 510

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavrilović Zaga

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the iconography of the illustration of the Second Paschal Homily of St. Gregory of Nazianzus on fol. 285r of the Paris manuscript. It questions the identity of the woman saint represented on the right of St. Paraskeve in the lower register of the scene. Unlike that above St. Paraskeve, the inscription identifying this second woman saint is fragmentary and difficult to read, but it has been widely accepted that she is Saint Helena, mother of the Emperor Constantine the Great. On the basis of two other representations of Helena in the same manuscript and of the style of the inscription accompanying them, as well as taking into account the importance of the theological meaning expounded by St. Gregory in his oration, it is suggested that the second woman saint may be St. Kyriake.

  9. All’s [Not] Well: Female Service and ‘Vendible’ Virginity in Shakespeare’s Problem Play

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily C. Gerstell

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the economics of female service in William Shakespeare’s All’s Well That Ends Well, paying particular attention to the role Helena plays as mistress to the Widow Capilet and Diana. Such a focus reveals that what lies at the heart of All’s Well is not only, as previous scholarship has suggested, a battle between the sexes but also an intense focus on class and money. By examining both the ties between women and the ties between men that Helena forges and strengthens, I demonstrate that issues of economics and self-interest govern not only male-female relationships but also those between women. In particular, such attention highlights the role that service – conceived of as both economic and sexual – plays in driving the action and the ‘problem’ of All’s Well.

  10. Hearts and minds: Agency and discourse on distress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Martin

    2003-01-01

    This paper is based on ethnographic fieldwork in south Bristol, United Kingdom, and on the south Atlantic island of St Helena. It addresses the relationship between the experience of psychosocial distress, the language used to express such distress and the socio-cultural constraints on both language and experience. Accounts of emotional distress were obtained from interviews with 36 informants in south Bristol and with 40 informants on St Helena. Informants in both settings shared a Euro-American discourse on the self in which emotional distress is conceived as a breakdown in human agency. This discourse is linked to narrative as a way of depicting and re-affirming individual agency. A prototypical concept of narrative is used in this paper to interpret accounts of emotional distress. This interpretation demonstrates the usefulness of the idea of narrative for understanding such experiences.

  11. Ontogenetic polychromatism in marsupial frogs (Anura: Hylidae Ontogenetic polychromatism in marsupial frogs (Anura: Hylidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duellman William E.

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Color polymorphism is common in many species of marsupial frogs.  Extreme cases of pattern polymorphism are documented in four species. In Amphignathodon guentheri, Castrotheca aureomaculata, G. qriswoldi, and G. helenae juveniles are known to have only one color morph, where as two or more patterns exist in adults. In these species, polymorphism apparently develops ontogenetically. El polimorfismo cromático es común a algunas especies de sapos marsupiales. Casos extremos del modelo de polimorfismo son evidentes en cuatro especies Amphignathodon guentheri, Gastrotheca aureomaculata, G. griswoldi, y G. helenae. En estas especies, se sabe que los juveniles tienen sólo un morfo de color; el polimorfismo, al parecer, se desarrolla ontogenéticamente.

  12. Materia strana romanzo scientifico

    CERN Document Server

    Gómez Cadenas, Juan José

    2012-01-01

    Nel Laboratorio europeo per la fisica delle particelle, il CERN di Ginevra, sta per vedere la luce uno dei più grandi progressi scientifici di tutti i tempi: la scoperta di un nuovo stato della materia, il cosiddetto "plasma di quark". La direttrice del CERN, Helena Le Guin, teme però che insieme al plasma si stiano formando grumi letali di materia strana, in grado di scatenare una reazione a catena che potrebbe distruggere l'intero pianeta. Mentre Helena cerca disperatamente di far fronte alla crisi, a Ginevra arrivano Irene de Ávila, una giovane e promettente fisica teorica, e il maggiore Héctor Espinosa, un militare americano assegnato alla sede dell'ONU per lavorare a un progetto ultrasegreto legato alla non proliferazione delle armi nucleari: inizia così un'appassionante vicenda in cui convergono rivalità scientifiche, peripezie personali e rischiose operazioni di spionaggio che porteranno i protagonisti fino in Iran.

  13. 7 CFR 1000.52 - Adjusted Class I differentials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 1.80 WILL IL 17197 1.80 WILLIAMSON IL 17199 2.20 WINNEBAGO IL 17201 1.75 WOODFORD IL 17203 1.80... ST. CHARLES LA 22089 3.60 ST. HELENA LA 22091 3.50 ST. JAMES LA 22093 3.60 ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST LA... CALVERT MD 24009 3.00 CAROLINE MD 24011 3.00 CARROLL MD 24013 2.90 CECIL MD 24015 3.05 CHARLES MD 24017 3...

  14. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    de Luna Souto, Antônio Gustavo · de Lurdes Mendes, M · de Lyra, Maria do Carmo Catanho Pereira · de Matos, HJ · de Matos, Maria Helena Tavares · de Matos Alves Pinto, L · de Matos Pereira, Lívia · de Mattos, DMM · de Mattos, Marcos C. de Medeiros, Damiana Cleuma · de Medeiros, Damiana Cleuma · de Medeiros, EV

  15. Joonistus läheb moodi! II / Tiit Pääsuke, Anu Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pääsuke, Tiit, 1941-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia joonistuse õppetooli juhatatajad Tiit Pääsuke ja Anu Juurak joonistuse tähendusest ja rollist teiste kunstiliikide seas, suundumustest ja stiilidest ajalises mõttes, kuni 10. IX Tallinna Kunstihoones avatud rahvusvahelisest joonistuste näitusest "Improvisatsioon". 3. IX tantsib näitusel Helena Ehrenbusch, joonistavad Angelika Schneider ja Flo Kasearu, 3.-10. IX improviseerivad kooliõpilased Loit Jõekalda juhendamisel

  16. Joint Center for Operational Analysis Journal. Volume 12, Issue 1, Spring 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Saddam also counted on traditional Bedouin values as a favorable factor in his battle against the Americans. He believed that emphasizing courage and...Air National Guard, operates the Communica- tion Incident Mobile Command Post truck during the Vigilant Guard 2009 exercise in Helena, Mont ., Sept...EUCOM USEUCOM/ECJ37 Unit 30400 APO AE, 09131 user name phone# Col Cristos Vasilas (vasilasc) x4161 Ms. Kathleen Smith

  17. Extreme specialization to rocky habitats in Tropidurus lizards from Brazil : trade-offs between a fitted ecomorph and autoecology in a harsh environment

    OpenAIRE

    Pelegrin, Nicolas; Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira; Albinati, Pamela; Santos Caldas, Francis Luiz; de Queiroga Cavalcanti, Lucas Barbosa; Costa, Tais Borges; Falico, Diego Alejandro; Galdino, Jessica Yara A.; Tucker, Derek B.; Garda, Adrian Antonio

    2017-01-01

    Abstract: Ecomorphological theory indicates that different ecological requirements lead to different organismal designs. Given that species with equal requirements could not coexist, traits leading to more efficient use of resources may be selected to avoid competition among closely related syntopic species, generating specialized ecomorphs. We compared habitat use, diet, thermal biology and morphology among the syntopic Tropidurus semitaeniatus, T.helenae and T.hispidus in the Caatinga of No...

  18. A 'blessed asylum' or a utopian vision : the viability of a Protestant nunnery in early nineteenth-century England

    OpenAIRE

    Collier, J

    2014-01-01

    In 1694, Mary Astell proposed the establishment of Protestant nunneries in England; in 1809, Helena Whitford reiterated the theme; yet, it was Lady Isabella King in 1816 who sought to put this radical idea into effect. A single, Irish, evangelically influenced gentlewoman, a younger daughter of the Earl of Kingston, she established the Ladies’ Association, a ‘conventual’ home for eighteen distressed gentlewomen at Bailbrook House in Bath in 1816, securing support for it from such influential ...

  19. Lätlaste ambitsioonikad plaanid ja kitsad eelarveread / Margaret Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Margaret

    2009-01-01

    Läti kultuuriministri kohalt 13. jaanuaril 2009 tagasi astunud Helena Demakova juhitud kultuuriministeeriumi 2005. a. vastuvõetud "Kolme venna projektist", mis nägi ette rahvusraamatukogu (ehitus algas 2008. a.), kaasaegse kunsti muuseumi (arhitekt Rem Koolhaas) ja kontserdimaja üheaegse ehitamise Riia kesklinna. 2009. a. veebruaris anti välja uus kaasaegse kunsti ehk Vilhelms Purvītise auhind, mille pälvis Katrīna Neiburga

  20. The Magnetic Observatory Buildings at the Royal Observatory, Cape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, I. S.

    2015-10-01

    During the 1830s there arose a strong international movement, promoted by Carl Friedrich Gauss and Alexander von Humboldt, to characterise the earth's magnetic field. By 1839 the Royal Society in London, driven by Edward Sabine, had organised a "Magnetic Crusade" - the establishment of a series of magnetic and meteorological observatories around the British Empire, including New Zealand, Australia, St Helena and the Cape. This article outlines the history of the latter installation, its buildings and what became of them.

  1. Path of an atomic explosion aerosol. [In German

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herbst, W; Philipp, K

    1953-01-01

    Experiments at Wittental show that during October 16 to 24, 1951, a high value of the radioactive background was discovered. A similar high value had been reported at Helena, Montana, between October 6 to 16, 1951. It is suggested that the same air mass was at these two places at the different times and that radioactivity measurements permit the path of the air mass in which the explosion occurred to be plotted.

  2. Uudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2012-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Helena Tulve ja Jaan-Eik Tulve pälvisid Prantsuse Kunstide ja Kirjanduse ordeni. Arnold Schönbergi dokumentaalne vara kuulutati maailmapärandiks. Pärdi "Lamentate" Philip Glassi juubelikontserdil. Suri Gustav Leonhardt. Hildegard von Bingenile antakse kiriku doktori kraad. Probleemid maailma ooperiteatrites. Suri režissöör Ken Russell. Tulve ja Kozlova teosed festivalil "World Music Days 2012" Belgias. Iisraeli orkestrite tüli

  3. The challenges to gender integration in the career fire services: a comparative case study of men in nursing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    pdf. 191 David F. Burrelli, Women in the Armed Forces (CRS Report No. 92008) ( Washington , DC: Congressional Research Service, 1998), 1, https...IB92008) Washington , DC: Congressional Research Service, 1998. https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=718051. Carreiras, Helena. Gender and the Military: Women ...GENDER INTEGRATION IN THE CAREER FIRE SERVICES: A COMPARATIVE CASE STUDY OF MEN IN NURSING by Anna L. Schermerhorn-Collins March 2017

  4. Operation of the PAVE PAWS Radar System at Beale Air Force Base, California. Part 2. Public Comment & AF Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-01

    Kentwood Moblie Homes 2635 Esplanade Chico, CA. 95926 Boeger Br~thers Helena Chemical Co. P.O. Box 367 1630 E. Shaw Ave.-STE. 130 Grioley, CA. 95948...DEIS action for pacemaker owners is not sufficient. The 07 AF should advertise the existence of the problem in the local newspapers. and replace old...does not believe that there is a problem to be advertised . Neither does the Air Force suggest that any present pacemaker owners be subjected to the

  5. Fytodiverzita různě starých úhorů ve vztahu ke změnám využívání zemědělské půdy v okolí českých vesnic v rumunském Banátu

    OpenAIRE

    Veselý, Adam

    2016-01-01

    The main aim of this thesis was to identify the main factors influencing development and diversity of vegetation on old fields around village Svatá Helena in Romania. I evaluated the influence of age of an old field, its management (mowing, pasture, burning and fallowing), soil chemical properties, topography and surrounding vegetation. Using phytosociological relevés I collected data about species composition and coverage of species of the old field vegetation. With the assistance of local i...

  6. French Counterinsurgency (COIN) Efforts in Spain During the Napoleonic Era - A Modern Analysis Through the Lens of the Principles of COIN In US Joint Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    the time of Napoleon ???s actions in Spain. At the conclusion of the research, the key findings were of no surprise. Napoleon , King Joseph Bonaparte ...were of no surprise. Napoleon , King Joseph Bonaparte , and his commanders in the field failed to grasp the sociocultural issues motivating the...exile on St. Helena, Napoleon Bonaparte contemplated on how he came to be on this remote island in the Atlantic Ocean after dominating all of Europe

  7. Being parents with epilepsy: thoughts on its consequences and difficulties affecting their children

    OpenAIRE

    Gauffin, Helena; Flensner, Gullvi; Landtblom, Anne-Marie

    2015-01-01

    Helena Gauffin,1 Gullvi Flensner,2 Anne-Marie Landtblom1,3 1Department of Neurology and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; 2Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden; 3Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden Objective: Parents with epilepsy can be concerned about the consequences of epilepsy affecting their children. The aim of this paper is to des...

  8. 75 FR 43556 - TA-W-73,381, MT Rail Link, Inc., Missoula, MT; TA-W-73,381A, Billings, MT; TA-W-73,381B, Laurel...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration TA-W-73,381, MT Rail Link, Inc., Missoula, MT; TA-W-73,381A, Billings, MT; TA-W-73,381B, Laurel, MT; TA-W-73,381C, Livingston, MT; TA-W-73... Helena, Montana. The amended notice applicable to TA-W-73,381 is hereby issued as follows: All workers of...

  9. Cine Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine Club

    2016-01-01

    Wednesday 20 January 2016 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Autumn Sonata Directed by Ingmar Bergman Sweden / France / Germany / UK, 1978, 99 min. After having neglected her children for many years, world famous pianist Charlotte visits her daughter Eva in her home. To her surprise she finds her other daughter, Helena, there as well. Helena is mentally disabled, and Eva has taken Helena out of the institution where their mother had placed her. The tension between Charlotte and Eva only builds up slowly, until a nightly conversation releases all the things they have wanted to tell each other. Original version swedish / english; english subtitles Wednesday 27 January 2016 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Fanny and Alexander Directed by Ingmar Bergman Sweden / France / Germany, 1982, 188 min. Alexander Ekdahl and his younger sister Fanny live a wonderful life. Their parents own a local theater and the extended Ekdahl family are close, spending Christmas together. Just a few weeks after the Christmas celebrations how...

  10. Echinostoma revolutum: freshwater snails as the second intermediate hosts in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chantima, Kittichai; Chai, Jong-Yil; Wongsawad, Chalobol

    2013-04-01

    The occurrence of 37-collar spined echinostome metacercariae in freshwater snails was investigated in 6 districts of Chiang Mai Province, Thailand, from October 2011 to April 2012. A total of 2,914 snails that belong to 12 species were examined, and 7 snail species (Clea helena, Eyriesia eyriesi, Bithynia funiculata, Bithynia siamensis siamensis, Filopaludina doliaris, Filopaludina sumatrensis polygramma, and Filopaludina martensi martensi) were found infected with echinostome metacercariae. The prevalence of metacercariae was the highest in Filopaludina spp. (38.5-58.7%) followed by B. funiculata (44.0%), E. eyriesi (12.5%), B. siamensis siamensis (8.2%), and C. helena (5.1%). Metacercariae were experimentally fed to hamsters and domestic chicks, and adult flukes were recovered from both hosts at days 15 and 20 post-infection. The adult flukes were identified based on morphological features, morphometrics, host-parasite relationships, and geographical distribution. They were compatible to Echinostoma revolutum or Echinostoma jurini, with only minor differences. As the adults were recovered from both hamsters and chicks, our specimens were more compatible to E. revolutum rather than E. jurini (reported only from mammals). This is the first report for metacercariae of E. revolutum in the snail host, C. helena, and also confirmed that Filopaludina spp., E. eryresi, and Bithynia spp. act as the second intermediate hosts of E. revolutum under natural conditions, which are indigenously distributed in Chiang Mai province.

  11. Consumption of dairy products in youth, does it protect from cardio-metabolic risk?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santaliestra-Pasías, Alba M; Bel-Serrat, Silvia; Moreno, Luis A; Bueno, Gloria

    2016-07-12

    Introduction: The high prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents is considered as a major global health concern and involves the onset of other comorbidities such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, chronic infl ammation and hyperinsulinemia, which are also considered as cardiovascular diseases risk factors. Several studies have observed that consumption of dairy products has a protective role on the development of cardiovascular diseases; however, the scientific evidence on this topic is very limited among children and adolescents. Objectives: To investigate the association between dairy products consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in young populations. Material and methods: The most up-to-date literature was reviewed, including some data from the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. A sample of adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) from 8 European cities was considered for the analysis. Results: US data showed a decrease in both number of servings and portion sizes of milk consumption. Within the HELENA study, dairy products emerged as the food group that better distinguished those adolescents at lower cardiovascular diseases risk. Among the HELENA adolescents, higher consumption of milk, yogurt and milk- and yogurt-based beverages was associated with lower body fat, lower risk for cardiovascular diseases, and higher cardiorespiratory fitness. Conclusions: More studies are needed to provide more evidence and to better understand the intrinsic mechanisms of the association between dairy products consumption, especially yogurt consumption, and obesity, diabetes, and other cardiovascular diseases risk factors.

  12. A produção do fracasso escolar: a trajetória de um clássico

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho,José Sérgio F. de

    2011-01-01

    Publicado pela primeira vez há mais de duas décadas, A Produção do Fracasso Escolar, de Maria Helena Souza Patto, segue sendo uma obra de referência para pesquisadores em educação, gestores de sistemas e professores. Como explicar sua longevidade e fecundidade em um campo tão marcado pela rápida obsolescência de autores, teorias e perspectivas educacionais? No presente artigo apresentamos duas hipóteses complementares para essa sólida trajetória de sua obra. A primeira delas diz respeito ao p...

  13. Kuidas olla peresõbralik tööandja : muret valmistab erisoodustusmaks, kuid hoolivus on ülesanne number üks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Oma ettevõtte peresõbralikkusest ja paindlikkusest räägivad Kädi Vestberg HR factory OÜ-st, Kadri Johanson CV-Keskusest, Kati Oja reisibüroost Estravel, Helena Erm Scania Eesti AS-ist, Moonika Kähr kinnisvarafirmast Uus Maa, Liina Oks Sampo pangast, Reet Treial Balti Investeeringute Grupi Pank AS-ist, Ülle Matt elektroonikafirmast Elcoteq, Silvia Savik Nukuteatrist, Ülle Filin Tele2 Eesti AS-ist, Sirje Tammiste Sirje Tammiste Konsultandibüroost, Getri Järvsoo Fortum Termest AS-ist ja Kärt Kirso AS-ist Kalev Chocolate Factory

  14. O espaço da cooperativa "amigos do meio ambiente": cooperativa de trabalho ou cooperfraude? "Friends of the environment" co-operative: work co-operative or fraud co-operative?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirla Patrícia Weber Sterchile

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo é resultado de pesquisa acadêmica que tem como objeto de estudo-pesquisa "A forma de existir e de ser da Cooperativa dos Agentes Ambientais de Santa Helena 'Amigos do Meio Ambiente' e sua imbricação na Usina de Beneficiamento de Resíduos Sólidos do município de Santa Helena-PR". Verificando o cotidiano profissional, o descontentamento de trabalhadores catadores de matérias recicláveis, o incentivo do gestor municipal para a instalação da usina e a formação da cooperativa, aliado aos postulados do capitalismo, em sua fase tardia, propusemos desconstruir e reconstruir o movimento do objeto em questão a partir da pesquisa teórica e empírica. Para coletar os dados utilizando a técnica de gravação, recorremos à análise documental e à observação. Após esse processo descrevemos e analisamos os conteúdos presentes. Concluímos em nosso estudo-pesquisa, que a Cooperativa - "Amigos do Meio Ambiente", é uma "cooperfraude", legitimada pelo Estado, que suprime os princípios do cooperativismo e exime o capital da raiz da exploração da força de trabalhoThis article resulted from a research aiming at "The form of existence and being of the Co-operative of Environmental Agents from St. Helena - 'Friends of the Environment' - and its imbrication in the Processing Plant of Solid Waste in the city of Santa Helena-PR". Checking the professional practice, the dissatisfaction of workers who collect recycling materials and the City Hall's encouragement to install the plant and to form the Co-operative, together with the tenets of capitalism in its late stage, we proposed to deconstruct and reconstruct the motion of the object studied from the empirical research. After analyzing our data we concluded that the "Friends of the Environment" Co-operative is a "fraud co-operative" legitimized by the State, that suppressed the principles of co-operativism and exempted the capital from the root of exploitation of the workforce

  15. ARQUITETURA E TEATRO. Livro de Resumos

    OpenAIRE

    BARROS, Né; CANNATÀ, Michele; CARNEIRO, Maria; CARREIRA, João; GUIMARÃES, José Luís; LOURO, Gonçalo; MAIA, Maria Helena; PALINHOS, Jorge; SÁ, Daniela; TREVISAN, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    Livro de resumos das comunicações no colóquio ARQUITETURA E TEATRO realizado na ESAP no âmbito do Seminário 4 do Mestrado Integrado em Arquitetura em colaboração com a Secção Autónoma de Teoria e História e o Centro de estudos Arnaldo Araújo - projeto Arquiteturas Dramáticas (ESAP/2015/P24/SATH). Inclui resumos das seguintes comunicações: A descoberta setecentista do teatro romano de Lisboa - Maria Helena Maia; Um teatro ambulante para o concurso da UIA - Alexandra Trevisan; Cena, Representaç...

  16. CFD Modeling in Development of Renewable Energy Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Maher A.R. Sadiq Al-Baghdadi

    2013-01-01

    Chapter 1: A Multi-fluid Model to Simulate Heat and Mass Transfer in a PEM Fuel Cell. Torsten Berning, Madeleine Odgaard, Søren K. Kær Chapter 2: CFD Modeling of a Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) for Clean Power Generation. Meng Ni Chapter 3: Hydrodynamics and Hydropower in the New Paradigm for a Sustainable Engineering. Helena M. Ramos, Petra A. López-Jiménez Chapter 4: Opportunities for CFD in Ejector Solar Cooling. M. Dennis Chapter 5: Three Dimensional Modelling of Flow Field Around a...

  17. História e Literatura no regime das águas: Práticas Culturais Afroindígenas na Amazônia Marajoara

    OpenAIRE

    Pacheco, Agenor Sarraf

    2009-01-01

    Mergulhando na dinâmica da vida social amazônica, regida pela temporalidade das águas, o artigo acompanha, em diálogos entre História e Literatura, modos de ser e viver de populações marajoaras, flhas das mestiçagens afroindígenas, detentoras de saberes locais em mediações culturais com ocidentais conhecimentos letrados. Deitada em poéticas, paisagens e personagens recriados pelos  literatos Dalcídio  Jurandir e Sylvia Helena Tocantins, esta composição textual ainda visualiza rastros do popul...

  18. Uudised : Tüür Frankfurdi "Auftaktil". Motörhead ja Manson Soomes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Frankfurdi Vana Ooperi uut hooaega traditsiooniliselt sissejuhatava festivali "Auftakt" tänavusteks külalisteks on Erkki-Sven Tüür ja inglise tšellist Steven Isserlis, 28. aug.-1. okt. kestval festivalil mängitakse Tüüri 6. ja 7. (4. sümfooniat dirigeerib Paavo Järvi), 12. sept. kavas "Fata Morgana" ja "Oxymoron" ning Helena Tulve "Lumineux..." Olari Eltsi juhatusel. Inglise ansambli Motörhead kontserdist 11. dets. ja USA rokkari Marilyn Mansoni kontserdist 20. dets. Helsingis

  19. Traumatic Brain Injury: A Guide for Caregivers of Service Members and Veterans: Navigating Services and Benefits Module 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    help outside their chain of command. 41 Your family member may also: • feel depressed • begin to abuse alcohol or drugs • have problems with...P.O. Box 5715 Helena, MT 59604 P.O. Box 95083 301 Centennial Mall South, 6th Floor Lincoln, NE 68509 5460 Reno Corporation Dr. Reno, NV 89511 275...main.htm or call the toll-free line at 1-800-444-5445. DoD Mental Health Self Assessment Program Anonymous self-assessments are available for depression

  20. Interakce tenzidů a organických barviv v roztocích II

    OpenAIRE

    Bukatová, Helena

    2010-01-01

    Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biophysics and Physical Chemistry Candidate: Helena Bukatová Supervisor: Ing. Vladimír Kubíček, CSc. Title of diploma thesis: Interaction of Tensides and Organic Dyes in Solutions II This diploma work is devoted to examination of the aqueous solutions of surfactants and organic dyes in the solution of Britton-Robinson buffer by two spectral methods: UV-VIS absorption spectrophotometry and fluorescence spectroscop...

  1. Validation of the Diet Quality Index for Adolescents by Comparison with Biomarkers, Nutrient and Food Intakes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vyncke, Krishna; Cruz Fernandez, Estefania; Fajó-Pascual, Marta

    2013-01-01

    in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study. Dietary intake was assessed by two, non-consecutive 24 h recalls. A DQI-A score, considering the components' dietary quality, diversity and equilibrium, was calculated. Associations between the DQI-A and food and nutrient intakes...... with energy-dense and low-nutritious foods. On the nutrient level, the DQI-A was positively related to the intake of water, fibre and most minerals and vitamins. No association was found between the DQI-A and total fat intake. Furthermore, a positive association was observed with 25-hydroxyvitamin D, holo...

  2. Flux surface shaping effects on tokamak edge turbulence and flows

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kendl, A.; Scott, B.D.

    2004-01-01

    The influence of shaping of magnetic flux surfaces in tokamaks on gyro-fluid edge turbulence is studied numerically. Magnetic field shaping in tokamaks is mainly due to elongation, triangularity, shift and the presence of a divertor X-point. A series of tokamak configurations with varying elongation 1 ≤ κ ≥ 2 and triangularity 0 ≤ δ ≤ 0.4, and an actual ASDEX Upgrade divertor configuration are obtained with the equilibrium code HELENA and implemented into the gyro-fluid turbulence code GEM. The study finds minimal impact on the zonal flow physics itself, but strong impact on the turbulence and transport. (authors)

  3. Společenská odpovědnost organizace v zrcadle křesťanské sociální nauky (teologicko-etická reflexe)

    OpenAIRE

    Štěpánová, Helena

    2014-01-01

    Bibliografická citace Společenská odpovědnost organizace v zrcadle křesťanské sociální nauky (teologicko- etická reflexe): bakalářská práce / Helena Štěpánová; vedoucí práce Libor Ovečka.- - Praha, 2014. - - s. 39 Abstract The Bachelor thesis "Corporate Social Responsibility in the view of Christian Social Teaching (theological-ethical reflection)" first briefly presents Christian social teaching and ethics, their principles, standards and instruments. Then the thesis deals with Christian eco...

  4. Juan Mayorga's adaptations of Lope: La dama boba in the 21st century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Molanes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The adaptations made by one of today’s most eminent playwrights, Juan Mayorga, on the texts by Lope de Vega which were represented during the first decade of the 21st century allow us to analyse some of the most relevant aspects in the reception, canonization and theatrical interpretation of 17th century theatre. This study will thus focus on Lope’s La Dama Boba and the adaptation offered by Juan Mayorga for the Compañía Nacional de Teatro Clásico, directed by Helena Pimenta in 2002.

  5. Marvel Moreno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Nadhezda Truque

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Con la publicación, en 1980, del libro de cuentos Algo tan feo en la vida de una señora bien, conocimos el trabajo de Marvel Moreno. A partir de esa fecha su nombre se vincula a los de las escritoras colombianas de este siglo: Elisa Mújica, Alba Lucía Angel, Helena Araújo, Fanny Buitrago, para lo cual, no obstante, ha de tenerse el cuidado de situar a cada una en su búsqueda, a cada una en su tema.

  6. Flux surface shaping effects on tokamak edge turbulence and flows

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kendl, A. [Innsbruck Univ., Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Association EURATOM (Austria); Scott, B.D. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Garching bei Muenchen (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    The influence of shaping of magnetic flux surfaces in tokamaks on gyro-fluid edge turbulence is studied numerically. Magnetic field shaping in tokamaks is mainly due to elongation, triangularity, shift and the presence of a divertor X-point. A series of tokamak configurations with varying elongation 1 {<=} {kappa} {>=} 2 and triangularity 0 {<=} {delta} {<=} 0.4, and an actual ASDEX Upgrade divertor configuration are obtained with the equilibrium code HELENA and implemented into the gyro-fluid turbulence code GEM. The study finds minimal impact on the zonal flow physics itself, but strong impact on the turbulence and transport. (authors)

  7. Public rural environmental management, a subject open to debate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia Villegas, Eduardo; Galvez Abadi; Aida Cecilia

    2011-01-01

    This essay explores, with the use of socio-legal method, for public rural environmental management from the agricultural and environmental law and environmental science. In order to propose alternatives to public management in this area, it refers to current legal framework in Colombia, among which highlights the peasant reserve areas created by the agrarian reform law. To realize the proposed solution, takes as a paradigmatic example the case of agro-ecosystem operated by Silleteros of Santa Helena in the Department of Antioquia, located in a metropolitan city edge, from the perspective of the new rural and contributions from political ecology and agroecology.

  8. Egeria, la Dama Peregrina

    OpenAIRE

    Pascual, Carlos

    2005-01-01

    En los últimos años del siglo IV, cuando el imperio romano está a punto de derrumbarse, una mujer hispana de alta alcurnia se pone en camino para conocer y venerar los Santos Lugares, recién «descubiertos» por santa Helena. Atravesando la «Vía Domitia» llega a la capital de la pars orientis del Imperio, Constantinopla, continúa hasta Jerusalén, recorre parajes bíblicos, incluido el Sinai y algunos lugares de Mesopotamia. Va narrando cuanto ve, con deliciosa frescur...

  9. Partial response to proton pump inhibitor therapy for GERD: observational study of patient characteristics, burden of disease, and costs in the USA

    OpenAIRE

    St?lhammar, Nils-Olov; Spiegel, Brennan M; Granstedt L?fman, Helena; Karlsson, Maria; Wahlqvist, Peter; N?sdal, J?rgen; Nelson, M Todd; Despi?gel, Nicolas

    2012-01-01

    Nils-Olov Stålhammar,1 Brennan M Spiegel,2,3 Helena Granstedt Löfman,1 Maria Karlsson,1 Peter Wahlqvist,1 Jørgen Næsdal,4 M Todd Nelson,5 Nicolas Despiégel61Payer Evidence, AstraZeneca R&D, Mölndal, Sweden; 2Department of Gastroenterology, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, 3David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA; 4Medical Department, AstraZeneca R&D, Mölndal, Sweden; 5Late Phase...

  10. Kultuuri veri vemmeldab / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2004-01-01

    Kultuuriaasta 2004 tõi autasud teiste seas heliloojatele Helena Tulvele, kes võitis juunis Pariisis rahvusvahelise nüüdisloomingu rostrumi "grand prix'" oma orkestriteosega "Sula"; Arvo Pärdile, kes kuulutati detsembris rahvusvahelise infoteatmiku Musical America poolt Aasta heliloojaks; veebruaris Grammy auhind parimale koorimuusika plaadile "Sibelius Cantatas", millel esitavad Sibeliuse kantaate tütarlastekoor Ellerhein, Eesti Rahvusmeeskoor ja Eesti Riiklik Sümfooniaorkester (dirigendid Tiia-Ester Loitme, Ants Soots ja Paavo Järvi); Briti teatripreemia "Laurence Olivier'" Londoni Teatriühingult balletipaarile Age Oksale ja Toomas Edurile

  11. Ideais das crianças mineiras no século XX: mudanças e continuidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érika Lourenço

    Full Text Available Foi feita, em 1998, a réplica de uma pesquisa realizada entre 1929 e 1944 por Helena Antipoff e em 1993 por Regina Helena de Freitas Campos, com o objetivo de investigar o impacto, nos ideais das crianças de Belo Horizonte, da ênfase que a mídia vem dando ao consumismo na sociedade contemporânea. Um questionário aberto foi aplicado a 307 crianças (151 meninas e 156 meninos da quarta série das escolas públicas e particulares de Belo Horizonte. Os dados referentes aos ideais destas crianças foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, por gênero, e comparados com os dados das pesquisas anteriores. Foi comprovada a hipótese de que os valores transmitidos pela mídia vêm contribuindo para mudanças nos ideais infantis ao longo do século.

  12. Ideais das crianças mineiras no século XX: mudanças e continuidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourenço Érika

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Foi feita, em 1998, a réplica de uma pesquisa realizada entre 1929 e 1944 por Helena Antipoff e em 1993 por Regina Helena de Freitas Campos, com o objetivo de investigar o impacto, nos ideais das crianças de Belo Horizonte, da ênfase que a mídia vem dando ao consumismo na sociedade contemporânea. Um questionário aberto foi aplicado a 307 crianças (151 meninas e 156 meninos da quarta série das escolas públicas e particulares de Belo Horizonte. Os dados referentes aos ideais destas crianças foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo, por gênero, e comparados com os dados das pesquisas anteriores. Foi comprovada a hipótese de que os valores transmitidos pela mídia vêm contribuindo para mudanças nos ideais infantis ao longo do século.

  13. Rama in the royal title of the Hungarian kings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Živković Tibor D.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The region (župa of Rama was enlisted in the official title of the Hungarian kings around 1138, as it is known from an official document. The exact answer to the question under which circumstances it happened has never been reached. It is most probable that Rama was not just other name for Bosnia as it was proposed in historiography, neither was a part of Bosnia conquered by military action of the Hungarian king around 1135. Having in mind that Rama was a part of the principality of Raška during the Early Middle Ages, it is quite possible that Rama became part of the official title of the Hungarian kings through some direct connections between ruling families of Hungary and Raška. The most probable answer could be reached through the examination of these relations. Namely, a daughter of Raška's župan, Uroš I, Helena, was married to the Hungarian crown prince Bela in 1129, when Rama was, most probably, part of Helena's dowry. When the crown prince became king of Hungary in 1131, Rama was included in his royal title. Later on during the Middle Ages Rama became part of Bosnia giving ground to the Hungarian kings to claim whole Bosnia as their heritage. .

  14. A Self-Calibrating Remote Control Chemical Monitoring System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jessica Croft

    2007-06-01

    The Susie Mine, part of the Upper Tenmile Mining Area, is located in Rimini, MT about 15 miles southwest of Helena, MT. The Upper Tenmile Creek Mining Area is an EPA Superfund site with 70 abandoned hard rock mines and several residential yards prioritized for clean up. Water from the Susie mine flows into Tenmile Creek from which the city of Helena draws part of its water supply. MSE Technology Applications in Butte, Montana was contracted by the EPA to build a treatment system for the Susie mine effluent and demonstrate a system capable of treating mine waste water in remote locations. The Idaho National Lab was contracted to design, build and demonstrate a low maintenance self-calibrating monitoring system that would monitor multiple sample points, allow remote two-way communications with the control software and allow access to the collected data through a web site. The Automated Chemical Analysis Monitoring (ACAM) system was installed in December 2006. This thesis documents the overall design of the hardware, control software and website, the data collected while MSE-TA’s system was operational, the data collected after MSE-TA’s system was shut down and suggested improvements to the existing system.

  15. Computing the damping and destabilization of global Alfven waves in tokamaks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kerner, W.; Keegan, B.; Goedbloed, J.P.; Huysmans, G.T.A.

    1991-01-01

    The role of ideal MHD in magnetic fusion is in the first place to discover magnetic geometries with favourable equilibrium and stability properties. Non-ideal effects cause slower and weaker instabilities leading to enhanced transport and often to violent disruptions. MHD spectroscopy, i.e. the identification of ideal and dissipative MHD modes for the purpose of diagnosing tokamaks and optimising their stability properties, requires a numerical tool which accurately calculates the dissipative MHD spectra for measured equilibria. The new spectral code CASTOR (Complex Alfven Spectrum for TORoidal Plasmas), together with the equilibrium solver HELENA, provides such a tool. In CASTOR, the fluid variables ρ, v, T, and b are discretized by means of a combination of cubic Hermite and quadratic finite elements for the radial direction and Fourier modes for the poloidal coordinate. The equilibrium in non-orthogonal flux coordinates ψ, θ, φ with straight field lines is computed using isoparametric bicubic Hermite elements, resulting in a very accurate representation of the metric elements. Finally, for analysis of JET discharges the equilibrium solver HELENA is interfaced with the equilibrium identification code IDENTC(D). (author) 5 refs., 5 figs

  16. Little Rock and El Dorado 10 x 20 NTMS quadrangles and adjacent areas, Arkansas: data report (abbreviated)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Steel, K.F.; Cook, J.R.

    1981-07-01

    This abbreviated data report presents results of ground water and stream sediment reconnaissance in the National Topographic Map Series Little Rock 1 0 x 2 0 quadrangle (Cleveland, Dallas, and Howard Counties do not have stream sediment analyses); the El Dorado 1 0 x 2 0 quadrangle (only Clark County has stream sediment analyses); the western part (Lonoke and Jefferson Counties) of Helena 1 0 x 2 0 quadrangle; the southern part (Franklin, Logan, Yell, Perry, Faulkner, and Lonoke Counties) of Russellville 1 0 x 2 0 quadrangle; and the southwestern corner (Ashley County) of the Greenwood 1 0 x 2 0 quadrangle. Stream samples were collected at 943 sites in the Little Rock quadrangle, 806 sites in the El Dorado quadrangle, 121 sites in the Helena area, 292 sites in the Russellville area, and 77 in the Greenwood area. Ground water samples were collected at 1211 sites in the Little Rock quadrangle, 1369 sites in the El Dorado quadrangle, 186 sites in the Helena area, 470 sites in the Russellville area, and 138 sites in the Greenwood area. Stream sediment and stream water samples were collected from small streams at nominal density of one site per 21 square kilometers in rural areas. Ground water samples were collected at a nominal density of one site per 13 square kilometers. Neutron activation analysis results are given for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments, and for uranium and 8 other elements in ground water. Field measurements and observations are reported for each site. Uranium concentrations in the sediments ranged from less than 0.1 ppM to 23.5 ppM with a mean of 1.7 ppM. The ground water uranium mean concentration is 0.113 ppB, and the uranium concentrations range from less than 0.002 ppB to 15.875 ppB. High ground water uranium values in the Ouachita Mountain region of the Little Rock quadrangle appear to be associated with Ordovician black shale units

  17. Observation of magnetic diffusion in the Earth's outer core from Magsat, Orsted, and CHAMP data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chulliat, A.; Olsen, Nils

    2010-01-01

    The frozen flux assumption consists in neglecting magnetic diffusion in the core. It has been widely used to compute core flows from geomagnetic observations. Here we investigate the validity of this assumption over the time interval 1980-2005, using high-precision magnetic data from the Magsat......, Orsted, and CHAMP satellites. A detectable change of magnetic fluxes through patches delimited by curves of zero radial magnetic field at the core-mantle boundary is associated with a failure of the frozen flux assumption. For each epoch (1980 and 2005), we calculate spatially regularized models...... of the core field which we use to investigate the change of reversed magnetic flux at the core surface. The largest and most robust change of reversed flux is observed for two patches: one located under St. Helena Island (near 20 degrees S, 15 degrees E); the other, much larger, is located under the South...

  18. Energy Systems Scenario Modelling and Long Term Forecasting of Hourly Electricity Demand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alberg Østergaard, Poul; Møller Andersen, Frits; Kwon, Pil Seok

    2015-01-01

    . The results show that even with a limited short term electric car fleet, these will have a significant effect on the energy system; the energy system’s ability to integrate wind power and the demand for condensing power generation capacity in the system. Charging patterns and flexibility have significant...... or inflexible electric vehicles and individual heat pumps, and in the long term it is investigated what the effects of changes in the load profiles due to changing weights of demand sectors are. The analyses are based on energy systems simulations using EnergyPLAN and demand forecasting using the Helena model...... effects on this. Likewise, individual heat pumps may affect the system operation if they are equipped with heat storages. The analyses also show that the long term changes in electricity demand curve profiles have little impact on the energy system performance. The flexibility given by heat pumps...

  19. De la estética de la recepción a la animación a la lectura: consideraciones teóricas para una propuesta de animación de la lectura literaria en espacios no convencionales

    OpenAIRE

    Higuera Guarín, Gladys Yaneth

    2016-01-01

    El presente artículo propone explorar el modo en que la estética de la recepción se consolida como la base para entender la importancia de la promoción de lectura en comunidades vulnerables. Esta reflexión constituye la base teórica para la implementación de un proyecto de animación de lectura con los internos de la cárcel El Olivo de Santa Rosa de Viterbo, en el cual se emplean las fichas de animación de Beatriz Helena Robledo y las categorías de análisis literario de Sarah Hirschman. The...

  20. Patterns of sedentary behavior and compliance with public health recommendations in Spanish adolescents: the AFINOS study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez Gómez, David; Veiga, Oscar L; Zapatera, Belén; Cabanas-Sánchez, Verónica; Gomez-Martinez, Sonia; Martinez-Hernández, David; Marcos, Ascensión

    2012-12-01

    The aims of the present study were: (i) describe patterns of sedentary behavior in Spanish adolescents; and (ii) determine the proportion of adolescents that do not meet the public health recommendations for sedentary behavior. This study comprised 1,724 Spanish adolescents (882 girls), aged 13 to 16 years. Patterns of sedentary behavior (TV viewing, use of computer games, console games and surfing the Internet) were assessed using the HELENA sedentary behavior questionnaire. The total proportion of adolescents watching TV, using computer and console games, and surfing the internet for more than two hours daily was 24%, 9%, 7%, and 17%, respectively, on weekdays, and 50%, 22%, 16%, and 35%, respectively, on weekends. Over 63% of the adolescents from the study did not meet the recommendation for sedentary behavior (health, public health interventions in Spain that take these factors into consideration are needed.

  1. As aplicações móveis na gestão da produção : desenvolvimento de uma aplicação para a área da manutenção

    OpenAIRE

    Batista, Rui Pedro Soares

    2010-01-01

    Dissertação apresentado à Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão do IPL para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Engenharia Informática - Computação Móvel, orientada pela Doutora Catarina Helena Branco Simões Silva. O aparecimento de novas tecnologias, aliado à constante evolução das infraestruturas de comunicação de redes móveis, tem possibilitado o desenvolvimento de sistemas de informação de gestão e apoio aos mais diversos sectores de actividade, como é o caso da produção industrial...

  2. Biting activity of Aedes scapularis (Rondani and Haemagogus mosquitoes in Southern Brazil (Diptera: Culicidae Atividade hematófaga de mosquitos Aedes scapularis (Rondani e Haemagogus no sul do Brasil (Diptera: Culicidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Paulo Forattini

    1988-04-01

    Full Text Available The biting activity of a population of Aedes scapularis (Rondani, Haemagogus capricornii Lutz and Hg. leucocelaenus (Dyar and Shannon in Southern Brazil was studied between March 1980 and April 1983. Data were obtained with 25-hour human bait catches in three areas with patchy residual forests, named "Jacaré-Pepira", "Lupo" Farm, and "Sta. Helena" Farm, in the highland region of S. Paulo State (Brazil. Data obtained on Ae. scapularis were compared with those formerly gathered in the "Ribeira'' Valley lowlands, and were similar, except in the "Lupo" Farm study area, where a precrepuscular peak was observed, not recorded at the "Jacaré-Pepira" site or in the "Ribeira" Valley. In all the areas this mosquito showed diurnal and nocturnal activity, but was most active during the evening crepuscular period. These observations support the hypothesis about the successful adaptation of Ae. scapularis to man-made environments and have epidemiological implications that arise from it. As for Haemagogus, results obtained on the "Lupo" and "Sta. Helena" regions agree with previous data obtained in several other regions and show its diurnal activity. The proximity of "Lupo" Farm, where Hg. capricornii and Hg. leucocelaenus showed considerable activity, to "Araraquara" city where Aedes aegypti was recently found, raises some epidemiological considerations about the possibility of urban yellow fever resurgence.No período de março de 1980 a abril de 1983 foi estudada a atividade hematófaga de uma população de Aedes scapularis (Rondani, Haemagogus capricornii Lutz, Hg. leucocelaenus (Dyar e Shannon, na região sul do Brasil. Os dados foram obtidos com o emprego de isca humana, mediante captura de 25 horas de duração e correspondente a três áreas, contendo manchas de floresta residual, denominadas Jacaré-Pepira, Fazenda Lupo e Fazenda Santa Helena. Os resultados relativos a Ae. scapularis foram comparados com as coletas anteriormente feitas em áreas de

  3. A culinária de sentidos : corpo e memória na literatura contemporânea

    OpenAIRE

    Sacramento, Adriana Rodrigues

    2009-01-01

    A recente publicação de textos de escritoras que relacionam Literatura e Culinária levou-me a fazer uma reflexão sobre a Memória dos Sentidos dentro de um espaço específico, a cozinha, cozinha entendida como um lugar de rito que transfigura os corpos. A partir desse recorte, procurei relacionar a representação do feminino, do corpo na cozinha e na confecção do alimento, no texto das autoras brasileiras Rachel de Queiroz, Cora Coralina, Adélia Prado, Heloísa Helena e Márcia Frazão, da mexicana...

  4. REGISTOS DE MODERNIDADE. Arquitetura e Fotografia. Livro de resumos

    OpenAIRE

    AZEVEDO, Inês; BANDEIRA, Pedro; CARDOSO, Alexandra; MAIA, Maria Helena; MATEUS, Joana; MOREIRA, César Machado; PIMENTEL, Jorge Cunha; TREVISAN, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    Livro de resumos das comunicações no colóquio REGISTOS DE MODERNIDADE. ARQUITETURA E FOTOGRAFIA, realizado na ESAP no âmbito do Seminário 4.2 do Mestrado Integrado em Arquitetura em colaboração com a Secção Autónoma de Teoria e História e o Centro de estudos Arnaldo Araújo da ESAP -projeto ESAP/2015/P20/SATH. Inclui resumos das seguintes comunicações: Teófilo Rego, a "Escola do Porto" e a cidade - Maria Helena Maia; Fotografar para os Arquitetos: hipóteses de enquadramento - Alexandra Trevisa...

  5. THEMES FROM ILIAD OF HOMER IN EUROPEAN ART OF PAINTING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betul SERBEST YILMAZ

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Troy myths which have affected European cultures for ages form the connection between image and reality through painting. The art of painting that makes pagan world, which consists of Gods and heroes, traceable help these myths to leave a mark on the minds of societies. Troy myths, which were turned into epics by Homer and made the history of Roman civilization by Vergilius, presented an ideal story of belonging in Medieval ages when the knighthood was dominant and were adopted into the aesthetic of the era within Christianity frame. Myths which preserved their existence through the characters that have universal qualities such as Achilles, Helena, Paris and Hector became a source of inspiration for the significant artists of the era such as Flaxman, Hamilton and David in 18th century when Neo-Classical style was affective because they enhance the society on an educational ground because of the ethic contexts of them.

  6. Primer registro de la familia Morchellaceae (Ascomycota: Pezizales para Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Augusto Pinzón Osorio

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Se registra por primera vez al género Morchella Dill. ex Pers. (Ascomycota, Pezizales, único representante de la familia Morchellaceae para la micobiota Colombiana. El ascocarpo fue recolectado en un bosque muy húmedo premontano, en la vereda Santa Helena, municipio de Gachalá, departamento de Cundinamarca. El espécimen es descrito e ilustrado con fotografías y se aporta información sobre su distribución, ecología y sustrato de crecimiento. La identidad taxonómica del ejemplar es discutida de acuerdo al concepto morfológico tradicional establecido en la literatura micológica. Con este reporte, en Colombia el orden Pezizales queda constituido por 17 especies contenidas en 12 géneros y 7 familias.

  7. CUMEX: a cumulative hazard index for assessing limiting exposures to environmental pollutants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Walsh, P.J.; Killough, G.G.; Parzyck, D.C.; Rohwer, P.S.; Rupp, e.M.; Whitfield, B.L.; Booth, R.S.; Raridon, R.J.

    1977-04-01

    A hazard index methodology called CUMEX has been developed for limiting human exposure to environmental pollutants. Hazard index is defined as Q/Q/sub L/ where Q is exposure or dose to total-body, organ or tissue from all environmental pathways and Q/sub L/ is a limit which should not be exceeded because of health risk to humans. Mathematical formulations for hazard indices are developed for each sampling medium corresponding to each effluent type. These hazard indices are accumulated into composite indices such that total human intake or dose would not exceed the health risk limit. Mathematical formulation for composite hazard indices or CUMEX indices for multiple pollutants are presented. An example CUMEX application to cadmium release from a smelter complex in East Helena, Montana demonstrates details of the methodology for a single pollutant where human intake occurs through inhalation and ingestion

  8. Některé problémy adaptace českých usídlenců v severozápadním Bulharsku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Penčev

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The main topic of the text is the history of the only Czech village in Bulgaria – Vojvodovo. The article covers the whole “Czech” period of this village from the migration of some twenty Protestant families from Banatian Czech village of Svata Helena to Bulgaria and the foundation of Vojvodovo in 1900, to the post-war period when almost all Czech inhabitants of Vojvodovo left the village and moved to the South-Moravia region in Czechoslovakia. In a rather classic way the author describes the spheres of language, folklore, kinship and economy of the community, and proves that its main core was its religiosity described as the community-differentiating and community-maintaining principle.

  9. Arvustused / Jan Berkovitch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berkovitch, Jan

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Municipal Waste "The Art Of Partying", Fueled By Fire "Spread The Fire", Apocryphal Voice "Stilltrapped", Amorphis "Silent Waters", As I Lay Dying "An Ocean Between Us", Baroness "Red Album", Behemoth "The Apostasy", Beherit "H418ov21.C / Electric Doom Synthesis", Cephalic Carnage "Xenosapien", Beneath The Massacre "Mechanics Of Dysfunction", Crionics "Neuthrone", Depressed Mode "Ghosts Of Devotion", Down "III - Over The Under", Drudkh "Estrangement", Einstürzende Neubauten "Alles Wieder Offen", Entombed "Serpent Saints - The Ten Amendments", Fall Of The Leafe "Aerolithe", Helena Nova "Vaenlasega voodis", King Diamond "Give Me Your Soul... Please!", Manes "How The World Came To An End", Must Missa "Martyr Of Wrath", Mustasch "Latest Version Of Truth", Nile "Ithyphallic", Pig Destroyer "Phantom Limb", Reverend Bizarre "Ill: So Long Suckers", Terhen "Eyes Unfolded", Throne Of Katarsis "An Eternal Dark Horizon", Tulus "Biography Obscene", Turbonegro "Retox", Weedeater "God Luck and Good Speed", Vreid "I Krig

  10. Anesthesia for a patient of acromesomelic dysplasia with associated hydrocephalus, Arnold Chiari malformation and syringomyelia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudrashish Haldar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Acromesomelic dysplasias are autosomal recessive osteochondrodysplasias. Acromesomelic dysplasia Maroteaux-type (AMDM, also known as St Helena dysplasia, is of two types: The classical and the mild variety. About 50 cases of AMDM have been reported till date, most of them being the classical variety. There is scarcity of literature on anesthesia for such patients. We are reporting a case of general anesthetic management of AMDM, associated with hydrocephalus, Arnold Chiari malformation type-1 and syringomyelia. The patient was a 10-year-old short-statured boy who presented with symptomatic thoracic kyphoscoliosis, gibbus deformity and back pain. On examination, there was no neurological deficit. Radiology revealed thoracic kyphoscoliosis, mild ventriculomegaly and upper cervical syringomyelia. The patient underwent posterior fossa decompression in the prone position under general anesthesia. We will discuss the anesthetic considerations for such patients and review the pertinent literature.

  11. Cine Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Ciné Club

    2011-01-01

    Thursday 9 June 2011 at 20:30 / Jeudi 9 Juin 2011 à 20:30 CERN Council Chamber / Salle du Conseil Aguirre: The Wrath of God  By/de : Werner Herzog (Germany, 1972) 93 min With/avec: Klaus Kinski, Helena Rojo, Del Negro, Ruy Guerra A few decades after the destruction of the Inca empire, a Spanish expedition leaves the mountains of Peru and goes down the Amazon river in search of gold and wealth. Soon, they come across great difficulties and Don Aguirres, a ruthless man who cares only about riches, becomes their leader. But will his quest lead them to "the golden city", or to destruction? Original version german; english subtitles Version originale allemande; soutitrée en anglais Entrance : 2 CHF Projection from DVD http://cineclub.web.cern.ch/Cineclub/  

  12. Cine club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine club

    2011-01-01

      Thursday 14 April 2011 at 20:30 CERN Council Chamber Aguirre: The Wrath of God   By Werner Herzog (Germany, 1972) 93 min With/avec: Klaus Kinski, Helena Rojo, Del Negro, Ruy Guerra A few decades after the destruction of the Inca empire, a Spanish expedition leaves the mountains of Peru and goes down the Amazon river in search of gold and wealth. Soon, they come across great difficulties and Don Aguirres, a ruthless man who cares only about riches, becomes their leader. But will his quest lead them to "the golden city", or to destruction? Original version German; English subtitles Version originale allemande soutitrée en anglais Entrance: 2 CHF Projection from DVD http://cineclub.web.cern.ch/Cineclub/  

  13. Hábitos alimentares, hiperhomocisteinémia e doença cardiovascular na diabetes do tipo 2

    OpenAIRE

    Valente, Ana Margarida Saraiva

    2014-01-01

    Tese de doutoramento em Ciências e Tecnologias da Saúde (Nutrição), apresentada à Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, 2013. Helena Soares Costa: Departamento de Alimentação e Nutrição do INSA. [PT] INTRODUÇÃO: A diabetes mellitus é uma doença crónica com elevados custos sociais, humanos e económicos. É actualmente considerada um dos maiores problemas de saúde pública e só em Portugal existem mais de um milhão de diabéticos. A diabetes mellitus tipo 2 e a alteração...

  14. Syncope During Competitive Events: Interrogating Heart Rate Monitor Watches May Be Useful!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thabouillot, Oscar; Bostanci, Kevin; Bouvier, Francois; Dumitrescu, Nicolae; Stéfuriac, Maria; Paule, Philippe; Roche, Nicolas-Charles

    2017-12-01

    This is a case report of a 45-year-old man who reported complete amnesia during the very first kilometer of a 10-km run. He was wearing a heart rate monitor (HRM). The interrogation of his HRM watch showed 200 bpm tachycardia beginning in the first kilometer and increasing up to 220 bpm during the last kilometer. The patient was asked to wear a Holter-monitor (Holter Research Laboratory; Helena, Montana USA) electrocardiogram (ECG) while practicing a training session. This examination allowed for the diagnosis of an adrenergic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) with an impressive auriculo-ventricular conduction over 260 bpm. This case highlights that non-medical devices, such as connected watches, can be helpful to diagnose arrhythmias. Thabouillot O , Bostanci K , Bouvier F , Dumitrescu N , Stéfuriac M , Paule P , Roche NC . Syncope during competitive events: interrogating heart rate monitor watches may be useful! Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017;32(6):691-693.

  15. 1979 Reserve Force Studies Surveys: Survey Design, Sample Design and Administrative Procedures,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-01

    Webster NY 14580 35 29 R064 Q43AA R 11 SC Des Moines IA 50315 109 60 R125 Q7ZAA R 11 AG Tifton GA 31794 9 70 R027 Q9XAA R 11 QM Helena MT 59601 21 23...NY 12208 8 46 GIB PCNBO AR 1 AR Palmdale CA 33550 2 68 GO PCQBO AR I AR San Diego CA 2111 78 6 G106 PC2CO AR 1 AR Dalton GA 30720 88 82 G08 PDZBO AR 1...NY 12401 51 47 G016 PCEAO R 4 FA Culver City CA 90230 94 52 G184 a PCKAO R 4 IN Visalia CA 93277 G197 a PDACO R 4 IN Eastman GA 31810 G130 PDGCO R 4 FA

  16. Feminism, peer culture, gender and race: a reflection on being a black girl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raíssa Francisco Santos

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to discuss studies on the production of children's cultures, highlighting the importance of the role of black girls in pre-school and show how affected they are by racist and sexist relationships in pre-school, legitimized by the capitalist system. From the studies of Kimberly Crenshaw (1989, Helena Hirata (2014, Angela Davis (1982, Lélia Gonzales (1984 and Fernandes (1989 we will provide the historical scope for the subject as inter-relations and processes of the interaction between power relations and categories such as class, race, gender and identity. Racial struggle, a class struggle, and gender equality must all come together in the struggle for the transformation of society.

  17. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS Abuêndia Padilha Pinto Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br Eneida Leal Cunha Universidade Federal da Bahia eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br leal@ufba.br João Azenha Júnior Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br José Luiz Fiorin Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br Leonor Scliar-Cabral Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br Maria do Socorro Silva de Aragão Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br Maria Helena Mira Mateus Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt Marcia Arbex Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br Roland Walter Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@rotmail.com Maria Esther Maciel Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais memaciel@yahoo.com.br Solange Coelho Vereza Universidade Federal Fluminense svereza@uol.com.br

  18. Napoléon mémorialiste, entre gloire et insignifiance ou « le plus grand homme dévoré d’inquiétude » // Napoleon memorialist, between grandeur and insignificance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleš Pohorský

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available During his exile at island of Saint Helena, Napoleon is condemned to look back upon his life. Le Mémorial, dictated by Napoleon and edited by Las Cases, is the very foundation of Napoleonian legend. Napoleon mentions the ingratitude of those monarchs which he installed to the throne himself and who later denied him. The work is the bases of the legend that oscillates between monarchy and citizenship, the king and the nation and the dictatorship and liberty. As a literary work Le Mémorial inspired Musset, Chateaubriand, Mme de Staël, Bourrienne, la duchesse d’Abrantès, Balzac, Mme de Rémusat and many others. It has also influenced all European cultures, including Czech literature. The one, who “changed the world” died in solitude and obscurity, in deep meditation about his own failure.

  19. Event review: International Knapping Workshop, with Bruce Bradley, Fazenda Monte Alto, Dourado, SP (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Theodora Adriana van Veldhuizen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The event took place from 3 till 8 July 2016 at Fazenda Monte Alto, Dourado, SP, Brazil. The aim of the course was to provide intensive knapping training in order to enhance analytical methods and procedures. This training was not only for students, but also professionals who were interested in the course. The course was given by Bruce Bradley (University of Exeter, who has extensive experience with Stone Age technologies and experimental archaeology. Mercedes Okumura (PPGArq, National Museum, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Astolfo G. M. Araujo (Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, University of São Paulo organized the course, which was sponsored by Fazenda Monte Alto, Café Helena, and the British Academy, Newton Mobility Grants Scheme (NG140077. The workshop had 15 participants from Brazil, Uruguay, the Netherlands and Canada.

  20. História das ciências - contribuição à cidadania no Ensino Fundamental I : propostas didáticas

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Michele Alves da

    2014-01-01

    Orientadora: Profª Drª Márcia Helena Alvim Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do ABC, Programa De Pós-Graduação em Ensino, História, Filosofia das Ciências e Matemática, 2014. Este trabalho tem como objetivo principal salientar as potencialidades de inclusão da História das Ciências no ensino de Ciências Naturais nas séries iniciais da Educação Básica. A criança traz para o ambiente escolar seu conhecimento prévio sobre a natureza já nas primeiras séries de escolarização. Alg...

  1. Trimester in Acquabox

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Eflerová

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Trimester in Acquabox (2010 is a live performance by Czech-British artist Helena Eflerová, which was originally exhibited at the Para Haus exhibition in São Paulo, Brazil. The audience is invited to view a narrative journey representing a metaphor of the foetus' development in the womb, and to share the experience with the performer, exploring an underwater weightless habitat. This collective experience of viewing such an intimate performance proposes questions around the personal experience of early childhood and motherhood. It questions the development of the foetus, its capacity of memory, its happy and traumatic experiences in the womb, and the after-effect on postnatal life. http://podcast.ulcc.ac.uk/accounts/BirkbeckCollege/mamsie/trimester_in_acquabox.mov

  2. Iliad Reloaded

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kesting, Peter; Thiel, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    based on the historical epos of Homer. However, the negotiation setting is fictitious. In addition, the role of the Hittites slightly twists history. In fact, research assumes that Troy was already under the Hittites’ rule at the time of the Trojan War. However, there is still some uncertainty about......After Paris, Prince of Troy, captured Helena, Menelaus (Helena’s husband, King of Sparta) was thirsting for revenge. He and his brother, Agamemnon (King of Mycenae), forged the Alliance of the Achaeans and jointly went to war against Troy. However, after ten years of siege, the Achaeans realized...... that they could not win the war (aside from Odysseus, who had an idea involving a wooden horse, but people did not think his idea would work). The war is ruining the economy of both parties; further, both are threatened by the Hittites, a hostile kingdom in the East. It is time to negotiate! However, do...

  3. Response and Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pocock, J G A

    2016-01-01

    Barbarism and Religion, the first half of J. G. A. Pocock's study of Gibbon's Decline and Fall, was designed to set Gibbon's work in context, using a method developed in Cambridge, by juxtaposing his narrative to many others-to some but not all of which he explicitly referred. Helena Rosenblatt has misunderstood Pocock's intent, which was to show that Gibbon's work took much of its inspiration for its treatment of Christianity from a world of ecclesiastical scholarship. Though Pierre Force shows that Voltaire's erudition was richer than has been thought, he and Gibbon pursued very different forms of learning. And though Pocock agrees with Jonathan Israel that many thinkers challenged traditional Christian theology, their efforts were far more varied than Israel holds. Brief studies of Jean LeClerc and Ralph call Israel's vision of radical Enlightenment into question.

  4. Kunstiakadeemia lõpetajad 2005 / Karin Paulus, Tanel Veenre, Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Valik Eesti Kunstiakadeemia bakalaureusetöid: Elize Hiiobi "Nimeta ehe", Anton Kooviti uued kirjatüübid, Raili Ilmsalu kipsskulptuur "Eva", Aleksei Aljoshini "Futuristlik spordirõivas", Merle Kasoneni töö "Võimalused", Leena Lüteri draakon "Isiklik kaitsja", Ave Maseri miniatuurid "Teised", Kärt Põldmani "Punased kingad", Riho Tiiveli vetelpäästesüsteem, Ester Kannelmäe rõivakollektsioon "Ahistab", töö "Eesti rahvalaulud", Helena Vaidla mosaiik "Veesilm", Merike Estna kineetiline maal "Punamütsike: I am the Prettiest Girl in the World", Eilve Mangluse käeobjektid, Annike Oldre maal "Üksi", Eliisa Ehini töö "Närviimpulsside liikumine ajus", Veiko Vaine terrassitool "Miinimum"

  5. Antibody levels to hantavirus in inhabitants of western Santa Catarina State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Marciel de Souza

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS is an infectious disease caused by hantaviruses of the family Bunyaviridae, and is transmitted by aerosols of excreta of infected rodents. The aim of the present study was to determine antibody levels to hantavirus in the population that lives at frontier of Brazil and Argentina. Participated of the study 405 individuals living in the municipalities of Bandeirante, Santa Helena, Princesa and Tunapolis, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. IgG antibodies to hantavirus were analyzed in sera by an ELISA that uses a recombinant N protein of Araraquara hantavirus as antigen. The results were also confirmed by immunofluorescent test. Eight individuals showed antibodies to hantavirus (1.97% positivity, with serum titers ranging from 100 to 800. Six seropositives were males, older than 30 years and farmers. Our results reinforce previous data on hantavirus circulation and human infections in the southern border of Brazil with Argentina.

  6. Luta biológica clássica com Hyperaspis pantherina Fürsch (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae no combate à Orthezia insignis Browne (Homoptera: Ortheziidae em jacarandá Biological control with Hyperaspis pantherina Fürsch (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae to control Orthezia insignis Browne (Homoptera: Ortheziidae on blue jacaranda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Félix

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Os jacarandás e várias plantas ornamentais que ornamentam passeios e áreas ajardinadas da cidade do Funchal encontram-se infestados pela cochonilha Orthezia insignis Browne. Para combater esta praga foi importada do Quénia, uma joaninha, Hyperaspis pantherina Fürsch. Este predador é específico de O. insignis e tem sido utilizado, com sucesso em programas de luta biológica, em vários países de África, no Peru, Hawai e na Ilha de Santa Helena. Na Ilha da Madeira, desde Julho de 2002, H. pantherina está a ser criado em laboratório e largado em jacarandás infestados com o objectivo de combater a cochonilha-dojacarandá através da luta biológica clássica. Referem-se as largadas de H. pantherina e o sistema de monitorização adoptado para verificar a aclimatação do predador.The Jacaranda trees and other ornamental plants used in sidewalks and gardenlike areas of sidewalks and other gardened areas of the downton Capital city of Madeira Island (Funchal, are infested by the Jacaranda or Lantana Bug, Orthezia insignis Browne. A ladybird, Hyperaspis pantherina Fürsch, was imported from Kenya to control this pest. This ladybird is a specific predator of O. insignis and it has been used, successfully in biological control programs, in several countries of Africa, in Peru, Hawaii and in Santa Helena Island. In Madeira Island, H. pantherina is being reared in laboratory and released into infested jacarandas since July 2002, in a classical biological control way. The releasing of H. pantherina is described in detail as well as the adopted monitoring system to verify its acclimation.

  7. PREFACE: 17th International School on Condensed Matter Physics (ISCMP): Open Problems in Condensed Matter Physics, Biomedical Physics and their Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimova-Malinovska, Doriana; Nesheva, Diana; Pecheva, Emilia; Petrov, Alexander G.; Primatarowa, Marina T.

    2012-12-01

    We are pleased to introduce the Proceedings of the 17th International School on Condensed Matter Physics: Open Problems in Condensed Matter Physics, Biomedical Physics and their Applications, organized by the Institute of Solid State Physics of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. The Chairman of the School was Professor Alexander G Petrov. Like prior events, the School took place in the beautiful Black Sea resort of Saints Constantine and Helena near Varna, going back to the refurbished facilities of the Panorama hotel. Participants from 17 different countries delivered 31 invited lecturers and 78 posters, contributing through three sessions of poster presentations. Papers submitted to the Proceedings were refereed according to the high standards of the Journal of Physics: Conference Series and the accepted papers illustrate the diversity and the high level of the contributions. Not least significant factor for the success of the 17 ISCMP was the social program, both the organized events (Welcome and Farewell Parties) and the variety of pleasant local restaurants and beaches. Visits to the Archaeological Museum (rich in valuable gold treasures of the ancient Thracian culture) and to the famous rock monastery Aladja were organized for the participants from the Varna Municipality. These Proceedings are published for the second time by the Journal of Physics: Conference Series. We are grateful to the Journal's staff for supporting this idea. The Committee decided that the next event will take place again in Saints Constantine and Helena, 1-5 September 2014. It will be entitled: Challenges of the Nanoscale Science: Theory, Materials and Applications. Doriana Dimova-Malinovska, Diana Nesheva, Emilia Pecheva, Alexander G Petrov and Marina T Primatarowa Editors

  8. O caso do frei Manuel da Madre de Deus: notas sobre um processo eclesiástico na Bahia do século XVIII Father Manuel da Madre de Deus: case notes on an ecclesiastic process in XVIII century, Bahia/Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto da Silva Ribeiro

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Frei Manuel da Madre de Deus Bulhões nasceu em Salvador, em 1673 e morreu em data posterior a 1742. Foi procurador geral do Carmo em Lisboa e vigário geral da Vigaria do Carmo da Bahia e Pernambuco. Em 1727 é acusado de diversos crimes. Foi o caso julgado a pedido do visitador geral de Lisboa, em primeira instância no convento carmelita da Bahia. Foi frei Manuel acusado de viver em concubinato com a viúva Helena de Lima, violar o voto de pobreza ao obter lucros com um engenho na ilha das Fontes e mandar matar Manuel Guedes de Brito e seu escravo. Frei Manuel foge de seu convento e entra com recursos contra a condenação. Em 1739 é absolvido e é reinvestido de suas prerrogativas.Father Manuel da Madre de Deus Bulhões was born in Salvador, Brazil, in 1673 and dead after 1742. He was general procurator of Carmel Order in Lisbon and general father of Vigaria of Carmel on Bahia and Pernambuco. In 1727 he was accused of several crimes. The case was judged by petition of general visitator of Lisbon, on first instance on Carmel’s convent of Bahia. Father Manuel was accused to live in concubinate with the widow Helena de Lima, to abandon the vow of poverty when he obtained profits with a engenho on Ilha das Fontes and to kill Manuel Guedes de Brito and his slave. Father Manuel runway from his convent and applied against his condemnation. In 1739 he was absolved and got again his prerogatives.

  9. Professor Leon Kozłowski as a man, scientist, politician and his inϐluence into Wrocław archaeology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALEKSANDRA BURDUKIEWICZ

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Th e most outstanding archaeologist and professor at John Casimir University in Lviv as well as and a acknowledged politician (among others the Prime Minister (1934– 1935 of the Second Republic of Poland was Professor Leon Kozłowski (1892–1944, a student of E. Majewski from Warsaw, R.R. Schmidt from the University of Tübingen and W. Demetrykiewicz from the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. As a professor of John Casimir University he cooperated with V. Gordon Childe from the UK and H. Breuil from France, the most outstanding archaeologists in Europe at that time. His publications stand out with a clear and well-argued reasoning, great dash and thorough knowledge of the materials and concepts of the time. He was also an excellent teacher of many Polish and Ukrainian archaeologists. Aft er 1939, he was imprisoned and tortured in the Soviet Union and Germany, where he died in unknown circumstances in 1944. Among his pupils was Helena Cehak-Hołubowiczowa (1902–1979, who, with her husband Włodzimierz Hołubowicz (1908–1962, worked in the years 1931–1939 at the Stefan Batory University in Vilnius and between 1943 and 1945 they were the forced labourers in Austria. Th ey both, since 1950, were employed at the University of Wroclaw and developed archaeology according to the ideas of Leon Kozłowski. Włodzimierz Hołubowicz developed the methodics and methodology of archaeology and Helena Cehak-Hołubowiczowa dealt with the religious beliefs of prehistoric and early medieval societies. Th ey educated many students who are now employees of the Institute of Archaeology at the University of Wroclaw, and other institutions.

  10. Les mysteres de l’onomastique dans l’Helene d’Euripide

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    Jacqueline Assaël

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available En su Helena, Eurípides teoriza las dificultades de la onomástica: los nombres recubren la identidad de múltiples homónimos o bien un nombre designa muchas esencias de un mismo individuo, como ocurre con la verdadera reina de Esparta y su eídolo. Estas observaciones adquieren una significación teatral, pues un personaje como Teucro, mal integrado en la acción si se tratara del famoso arquero homérico, se insertaría en un rol muy pertinente si se reconociera en él al meteco que denuncia la parodia de los misterios de Eleusis por Alcibíades. Además, cierta tradición crítica ha distinguido trazos del joven estratega bajo la puesta en escena de la protagonista. La obra de Eurípides sugiere, de hecho, de manera esotérica, el progreso escénico de una rehabilitación y de una iniciación no solo de Helena (sobre el plano de la representación mitológica, sino también de Alcibíades (sobre el plano político. Por otra parte, el nombre y la función dramática de Teónoe están realmente demasiado cercanos a aquellos de Téano (la sacerdotisa de Eleusis citada por Plutarco como la única en haberse negado a maldecir a Alcibíades, como para que la similitud onomástica sea fortuita

  11. Gênero e política no noticiário das revistas semanais brasileiras: ausências e estereótipos Gender and politics in Brazilian news magazines: absences and stereotypes

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    Flávia Biroli

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa as relações entre gênero e política no noticiário das revistas semanais brasileiras Veja, Época e Carta Capital, em 2006 e 2007. Os dados permitem constatar a presença reduzida de mulheres no noticiário e a existência de estereótipos de gênero que remetem a compreensões do papel da mulher nas sociedades e de sua competência para atuar na vida pública. Por meio da análise das mulheres políticas que tiveram maior visibilidade no período analisado - Heloisa Helena, Marta Suplicy e Dilma Rousseff -, discute representações de feminilidade e de masculinidade, do privado e do público, que atribuem sentidos à presença diferenciada de homens e mulheres na política e na mídia.The present article analyses the relationship between gender and politics in Brazilian weekly news magazines Veja, Época e Carta Capital, in 2006 and 2007. Data allows a discussion about the scant presence of women in news magazines and the presence of gender stereotypes that refer to understandings of women's role and their competence to act in public life. Analysing women who had most visibility within the chronological limits of the research - Heloisa Helena, Marta Suplicy e Dilma Rousseff -, it discusses representations of femininity and masculinity, private and public, that give specific meanings to the presence of men and women in politics and the media.

  12. Automated Impedance Tomography for Monitoring Permeable Reactive Barrier Health

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaBrecque, D J; Adkins, P L

    2009-07-02

    The objective of this research was the development of an autonomous, automated electrical geophysical monitoring system which allows for near real-time assessment of Permeable Reactive Barrier (PRB) health and aging and which provides this assessment through a web-based interface to site operators, owners and regulatory agencies. Field studies were performed at four existing PRB sites; (1) a uranium tailing site near Monticello, Utah, (2) the DOE complex at Kansas City, Missouri, (3) the Denver Federal Center in Denver, Colorado and (4) the Asarco Smelter site in East Helena, Montana. Preliminary surface data over the PRB sites were collected (in December, 2005). After the initial round of data collection, the plan was modified to include studies inside the barriers in order to better understand barrier aging processes. In September 2006 an autonomous data collection system was designed and installed at the EPA PRB and the electrode setups in the barrier were revised and three new vertical electrode arrays were placed in dedicated boreholes which were in direct contact with the PRB material. Final data were collected at the Kansas City, Denver and Monticello, Utah PRB sites in the fall of 2007. At the Asarco Smelter site in East Helena, Montana, nearly continuous data was collected by the autonomous monitoring system from June 2006 to November 2007. This data provided us with a picture of the evolution of the barrier, enabling us to examine barrier changes more precisely and determine whether these changes are due to installation issues or are normal barrier aging. Two rounds of laboratory experiments were carried out during the project. We conducted column experiments to investigate the effect of mineralogy on the electrical signatures resulting from iron corrosion and mineral precipitation in zero valent iron (ZVI) columns. In the second round of laboratory experiments we observed the electrical response from simulation of actual field PRBs at two sites: the

  13. PHYLOGEOGRAPHY OF THE PANTROPICAL SEA URCHIN EUCIDARIS IN RELATION TO LAND BARRIERS AND OCEAN CURRENTS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessios, H A; Kessing, B D; Robertson, D R; Paulay, G

    1999-06-01

    The pantropical sea urchin genus Eucidaris contains four currently recognized species, all of them allopatric: E. metularia in the Indo-West Pacific, E. thouarsi in the eastern Pacific, E. tribuloides in both the western and eastern Atlantic, and E. clavata at the central Atlantic islands of Ascension and St. Helena. We sequenced a 640-bp region of the cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene of mitochondrial DNA to determine whether this division of the genus into species was confirmed by molecular markers, to ascertain their phylogenetic relations, and to reconstruct the history of possible dispersal and vicariance events that led to present-day patterns of species distribution. We found that E. metularia split first from the rest of the extant species of the genus. If COI divergence is calibrated by the emergence of the Isthmus of Panama, the estimated date of the separation of the Indo-West Pacific species is 4.7-6.4 million years ago. This date suggests that the last available route of genetic contact between the Indo-Pacific and the rest of the tropics was from west to east through the Eastern Pacific Barrier, rather than through the Tethyan Sea or around the southern tip of Africa. The second cladogenic event was the separation of eastern Pacific and Atlantic populations by the Isthmus of Panama. Eucidaris at the outer eastern Pacific islands (Galapagos, Isla del Coco, Clipperton Atoll) belong to a separate clade, so distinct from mainland E. thouarsi as to suggest that this is a different species, for which the name E. galapagensis is revived from the older taxonomic literature. Complete lack of shared alleles in three allozyme loci between island and mainland populations support their separate specific status. Eucidaris galapagensis and E. thouarsi are estimated from their COI divergence to have split at about the same time that E. thouarsi and E. tribuloides were being separated by the Isthmus of Panama. Even though currents could easily convey larvae between the

  14. Unexpected HIMU-type late-stage volcanism on the Walvis Ridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homrighausen, S.; Hoernle, K.; Geldmacher, J.; Wartho, J.-A.; Hauff, F.; Portnyagin, M.; Werner, R.; van den Bogaard, P.; Garbe-Schönberg, D.

    2018-06-01

    Volcanic activity at many oceanic volcanoes, ridges and plateaus often reawakens after hiatuses of up to several million years. Compared to the earlier magmatic phases, this late-stage (rejuvenated/post-erosional) volcanism is commonly characterized by a distinct geochemical composition. Late-stage volcanism raises two hitherto unanswered questions: Why does volcanism restart after an extended hiatus and what is the origin of this volcanism? Here we present the first 40Ar/39Ar age and comprehensive trace element and Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic data from seamounts located on and adjacent to the Walvis Ridge in the South Atlantic ocean basin. The Walvis Ridge is the oldest submarine part of the Tristan-Gough hotspot track and is famous as the original type locality for the enriched mantle one (EM I) end member. Consistent with the bathymetric data, the age data indicates that most of these seamounts are 20-40 Myr younger than the underlying or nearby Walvis Ridge basement. The trace element and isotope data reveal a distinct compositional range from the EM I-type basement. The composition of the seamounts extend from the St. Helena HIMU (high time-integrated 238U/204Pb mantle with radiogenic Pb isotope ratios) end member to an enriched (E) Mid-Ocean-Ridge Basalt (MORB) type composition, reflecting a two-component mixing trend on all isotope diagrams. The EMORB end member could have been generated through mixing of Walvis Ridge EM I with normal (N) MORB source mantle, reflecting interaction of Tristan-Gough (EM I-type) plume melts with the upper mantle. The long volcanic quiescence and the HIMU-like geochemical signature of the seamounts are unusual for classical hotspot related late-stage volcanism, indicating that these seamounts are not related to the Tristan-Gough hotspot volcanism. Two volcanic arrays in southwestern Africa (Gibeon-Dicker Willem and Western Cape province) display similar ages to the late-stage Walvis seamounts and also have HIMU-like compositions

  15. Revisão do gênero neotropical Xeropigo (Araneae,Corinnidae, Corinninae Revision of the neotropical genus Xeropigo (Araneae, Corinnidae, Corinninae

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    Danni Roberto Santos De Souza

    Full Text Available O gênero Xeropigo O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1882 é revisado, com a proposição de sete novas espécies neotropicais: X. candango, sobre machos e fêmeas de Brasília, Distrito Federal e Goiás, Brasil; X. rheimsae, machos de Goiás, Brasil; X. camilae, sobre machos e fêmeas do norte e centro-oeste do Brasil; X. cotijuba, machos e fêmeas da Guiana e do norte e centro-oeste do Brasil; X. pachitea, machos e fêmeas de Huánuco e Cajamarca, Peru; X. perene, fêmeas de Junin e Loreto, Peru; X. brescoviti, machos de Beni, Bolívia. As espécies previamente conhecidas, X. tridentiger (Pickard-Cambridge, 1869, a espécie-tipo, descrita da Ilha de Santa Helena, Oceano Atlântico, mas também conhecida das Américas do Sul e Central, e X. smedigari (Caporiacco, 1955 do norte da Venezuela e Trinidad, são re-diagnosticadas. Novos registros, ilustrações de X. tridentiger e chave para todas as espécies conhecidas são fornecidos.The genus Xeropigo O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1882 is revised, with the proposition of seven neotropical new species: X. candango, based in males and females from Brasília, Distrito Federal and Goiás, Brazil; X. rheimsae, males from Goiás, Brazil; X. camilae, males and females from north and middle west Brazil; X. cotijuba, males and females from Guiana and north and middle west Brazil; X. pachitea, males and females from Huánuco and Cajamarca, Peru; X. perene, females from Junin and Loreto, Peru; X. brescoviti, males from Beni, Bolivia. The previously known species, X. tridentiger (Pickard-Cambridge, 1869, the type-species, described from Santa Helena Island, Atlantic Ocean, but also known from South and Central Americas, and X. smedigari (Caporiacco, 1955 from north Venezuela and Trinidad, are rediagnosed. New records and illustrations of X. tridentiger and a key for all known species are given.

  16. COMPARAÇÃO DE SISTEMAS DE COLHEITA MECANIZADA E SEMIMECANIZADA NA PERDA, DANO MECÂNICO E IMPUREZA DE GRÃOS NA CULTURA DO FEIJOEIRO (Phaseolus vulgaris L. COMPARISON OF SYSTEMS OF AUTOMATED CROP AND SEMIMECHANIZED IN THE LOSS, MECHANICAL DAMAGE AND IMPURITY OF GRAINS IN THE CULTURE OF THE BEAN (Phaseolus vulgaris L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Pasqualetto

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    As dificuldades constatadas na colheita mecanizada do feijoeiro ainda constitui em um obstáculo para a expansão da cultura. Diante disto, o CNPAF vem se esforçando para o melhoramento da espécie buscando características adequadas à colheita mecanizada. A cultivar Safira atende a este objetivo. Neste sentido foi realizado um experimento na Fazenda Três Irmãos, no município de Santa Helena de Goiás (GO, onde se compararam três sistemas de colheita, objetivando avaliar perdas de grãos, bem como a qualidade do produto colhido, através da análise de grãos quebrados e impurezas, na cultivar Safira. Os resultados demonstraram que a colheita mecanizada do feijoeiro para a cultivar Safira é viável. A automotriz recolhedora causa menor perda de grãos, mas o dano mecânico é elevado; a recolhedora-trilhadora apresentou perda satisfatória, apesar de exigir manuseio adequado.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Feijão; culturas anuais; mecanização agrícola.

    The mechanization of the crop of the bean still constitutes an obstacle for the expansion of the culture. Due to this fact, CNPAF is making an effort to the improvement of the species looking for favorable characteristics to the mechanized crop. The cultivar ‘Safira’ fulfills this aim. In this sense, an experiment was carried out at Fazenda Três Irmãos, in the district of Santa Helena of Goiás (GO. Three crop systems were tested in order to evaluate losses of grains and the quality of the picked product, through analysis of broken grains and sludges. The results demonstrated that the mechanized crop of bean concerning the cultivar ‘Safira’ is viable. The self-driven retirement causes a smaller loss of grains, but the mechanical damage is higher; the retirement-thrashing showed satisfactory loss, despite of requiring

  17. Patterns of sedentary behavior and compliance with public health recommendations in Spanish adolescents: the AFINOS study Patrones de sedentarismo y cumplimiento de las recomendaciones de salud pública en adolescentes españoles: estudio AFINOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Martínez Gómez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the present study were: (i describe patterns of sedentary behavior in Spanish adolescents; and (ii determine the proportion of adolescents that do not meet the public health recommendations for sedentary behavior. This study comprised 1,724 Spanish adolescents (882 girls, aged 13 to 16 years. Patterns of sedentary behavior (TV viewing, use of computer games, console games and surfing the Internet were assessed using the HELENA sedentary behavior questionnaire. The total proportion of adolescents watching TV, using computer and console games, and surfing the internet for more than two hours daily was 24%, 9%, 7%, and 17%, respectively, on weekdays, and 50%, 22%, 16%, and 35%, respectively, on weekends. Over 63% of the adolescents from the study did not meet the recommendation for sedentary behavior (Los objetivos del estudio son: (i describir los patrones de comportamiento sedentario en adolescentes españoles y (ii establecer cuántos de ellos no cumplen las recomendaciones de salud pública sobre comportamiento sedentario. Participaron 1.724 adolescentes españoles (882 chicas entre 13 y 16 años. Los patrones de comportamiento sedentario (ver la televisión, juegos de ordenador, videojuegos y navegar en Internet fueron evaluados a través del cuestionario HELENA. La proporción total de adolescentes que ven la TV, usan juegos de ordenador o de consola y navegan en Internet durante > 2h los días de diario fue del 24%, 9%, 7% y 17%, respectivamente. Durante los fines de semana, la proporción fue del 50%, 22%, 16% y 35%. Más del 63% del total de la muestra no cumplen las recomendaciones de tiempo sedentario total < 2 horas durante los días de diario y el 87% no lo hace en días del fin de semana. Dado que las conductas sedentarias podrían ser relevantes en la salud de los adolescentes, las intervenciones de salud pública son necesarias en España.

  18. Imprensa e voto nas eleições presidenciais brasileiras de 2002 e 2006

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    Pedro Santos Mundim

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa sobre os efeitos da cobertura da imprensa no voto nas eleições presidenciais brasileiras de 2002 e 2006. Argumenta-se que ela foi um fator importante em ambos os pleitos. A variável dependente é formada pelas séries históricas de intenção de voto dos principais candidatos: Lula (Partido dos Trabalhadores, Serra (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira, Garotinho (Partido Socialista Brasileiro e Ciro (Partido Popular Socialista em 2002, e Lula, Alckmin (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira, Heloísa Helena (Partido Socialismo e Liberdade e Cristovam Buarque (Partido Democrático Trabalhista em 2006. A principal variável explicativa é a cobertura eleitoral de quatro grandes jornais do país: Folha de S. Paulo, O Estado de S. Paulo, O Globo e Jornal do Brasil. Completam o modelo as seguintes variáveis de controle: propaganda partidária dos candidatos, o Horário Político Gratuito Eleitoral no 1º e 2º turnos, os debates presidenciais e o índice de popularidade presidencial. Os modelos foram estimados via MQO. Os resultados dos testes indicam que, em 2002, a cobertura da imprensa de Lula e Ciro Gomes foi uma das responsáveis pela variação observada nas suas respectivas intenções de voto. Em 2006, a dinâmica foi um pouco mais complexa. Apenas as intenções de voto em Heloísa Helena foram afetadas por sua própria cobertura. A princípio, é surpreendente que a cobertura extremamente negativa de Lula não tenha lhe custado votos. Mas ela teve um impacto indireto, e importante, para Alckmin e Cristovam Buarque. Como esse impacto foi maior durante o escândalo do dossiê tucano, podese afirmar que a cobertura da imprensa contribuiu decisivamente para a ocorrência do 2º turno na última eleição presidencial. Esses resultados mantêm-se mesmo quando se analisam os votos de eleitores de grupos de escolaridade distintos, um controle para os diferentes níveis de exposição aos

  19. Spatiotemporal Analysis of the Foreshock-Mainshock-Aftershock Sequence of the 6 July 2017 M5.8 Lincoln, Montana Earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, N. D.; Stickney, M.; Aster, R. C.; Yeck, W.; Martens, H. R.; Benz, H.

    2017-12-01

    On 6 July 2017, a Mw 5.8 earthquake occurred 11 km southeast of Lincoln, Montana. The event was widely-felt from Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (750 km north), Seattle, Washington (800 km west), the Idaho/Utah and Idaho/Nevada borders (550 km south), and Rapid City, South Dakota (750 km east). This is the largest earthquake to occur in the state since the 1959 M 7.3 Hebgen Lake event 250 km to the southeast. In the three weeks following the 6 July 2017 Mw 5.8 main shock, the U.S. Geological Survey and Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology located more than 300 aftershocks. Preliminary observations show most of these aftershocks form a short NNE zone that suggests that the main shock may have slipped on a NNE left-lateral fault. A smaller number of aftershocks extend along a longer WNW-trending zone. These faults are part of the Lewis and Clark line, a prominent zone of Middle Proterozoic to Holocene age strike-slip, dip slip, and oblique slip faulting trending 400 km east-southeast from northern Idaho to east of Helena, Montana, and terminating southeast of this earthquake. We use identified aftershock waveforms as templates to examine the data from 1 June 2017 through 27 July 2017 with cross-correlation techniques on nearby permanent and temporary seismic stations deployed shortly after the mainshock to identify foreshocks and additional small aftershocks. Locating these events allows us to study subsurface geology, map fault structures, and provide insight on the spatial and temporal evolution of the earthquake sequence, which may continue to produce aftershocks for years. Other notable earthquakes in the region include a damaging M 6.6 earthquake 100 km to the south in June 1925, M 6.2 and M 6.0 earthquakes near Helena, Montana in October 1935 that caused significant damage and four fatalities, and a M 5.6 earthquake 170 km to the south in July 2005 that caused minor damage in Dillon and the surrounding region. We hope this work not only allows us to map the involved

  20. Analysis and inundation mapping of the April-May 2011 flood at selected locations in northern and eastern Arkansas and southern Missouri

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westerman, Drew A.; Merriman, Katherine R.; De Lanois, Jeanne L.; Berenbrock, Charles

    2013-01-01

    Precipitation that fell from April 19 through May 3, 2011, resulted in widespread flooding across northern and eastern Arkansas and southern Missouri. The first storm produced a total of approximately 16 inches of precipitation over an 8-day period, and the following storms produced as much as 12 inches of precipitation over a 2-day period. Moderate to major flooding occurred quickly along many streams within Arkansas and Missouri (including the Black, Cache, Illinois, St. Francis, and White Rivers) at levels that had not been seen since the historic 1927 floods. The 2011 flood claimed an estimated 21 lives in Arkansas and Missouri, and damage caused by the flooding resulted in a Federal Disaster Declaration for 59 Arkansas counties that received Federal or State assistance. To further the goal of documenting and understanding floods, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers–Little Rock and Memphis Districts, and Arkansas Natural Resources Commission, conducted a study to summarize meteorological and hydrological conditions before the flood; computed flood-peak magnitudes for 39 streamgages; estimated annual exceedance probabilities for 37 of those streamgages; determined the joint probabilities for 11 streamgages paired to the Mississippi River at Helena, Arkansas, which refers to the probability that locations on two paired streams simultaneously experience floods of a magnitude greater than or equal to a given annual exceedance probability; collected high-water marks; constructed flood-peak inundation maps showing maximum flood extent and water depths; and summarized flood damages and effects. For the period of record used in this report, peak-of-record stage occurred at 24 of the 39 streamgages, and peak-of-record streamflow occurred at 13 of the 30 streamgages where streamflow was determined. Annual exceedance probabilities were estimated to be less than 0.5 percent at three

  1. Measurement of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in plastic resin pellets from remote islands : Toward establishment of baseline level for International Pellet Watch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takada, H.; Heskett, M.; Yamashita, R.; Yuyama, M.; Itoh, M.; Geok, Y. B.; Ogata, Y.

    2011-12-01

    Plastic resin pellets collected from remote islands in open oceans (Canary, St. Helena, Cocos, Hawaii, Maui Islands and Barbados) were sorted and yellowing polyethylene (PE) pellets were measured for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and the degradation products (DDTs), and hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) by gas chromatograph equipped with mass spectrometer (GC-MS) and with electron capture detector (GC-ECD). PCBs were detected from all the pellet samples, confirming the global dispersion of PCBs. Median concentrations of PCBs (sum of 13 congeners : CB-66, CB-101, CB-110, CB-118, CB-105, CB-149, CB-153, CB-138, CB-128, CB-187, CB-180, CB-170, CB-206) in the remote island pellets ranged from 0.1 to 10 ng/g-pellet. These were one to three orders of magnitude lower than those observed for pellets from industrialized coastal zones (hundreds ng/g in Los Angeles, Boston, Tokyo; Ogata et al., 2009). Because these remote islands are far (>100 km) from industrialized zones, these concentrations (i.e., 0.1 to 10 ng/g-pellet) can be regarded as global "baseline" level of PCB pollution. Concentrations of DDTs in the remote island pellets ranged from 0.2 to 5.5 ng/g-pellet. At some locations, DDT was dominant over the degradation products (DDE and DDD), suggesting current usage of the pesticides in the islands. HCHs concentrations were 0.4 - 1.8 ng/g-pellet and lower than PCBs and DDTs, except for St. Helena Island at 18.8 ng/g-pellet where the current usage of the pesticides are of concern. The analyses of pellets from the remote islands provided "baseline" level of POPs (PCBs effects of global distillation, pellet samples from remote islands in higher latitude regions are necessary. From the eco-toxicological point of view, the fact that sporadic high concentrations of POPs were detected in some pellet samples from the remote islands is underscored. Some plastic debris which were contaminated in industrialized coastal zones may have rapidly

  2. Strategies for obtaining obsidian in pre-European contact era New Zealand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Mark D; Carpenter, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Archaeological evidence of people's choices regarding how they supply themselves with obsidian through direct access and different types of exchanges gives us insight in to mobility, social networks, and property rights in the distant past. Here we use collections of obsidian artefacts that date to a period of endemic warfare among Maori during New Zealand's Late Period (1500-1769 A.D.) to determine what strategies people engaged in to obtain obsidian, namely (1) collecting raw material directly from a natural source, (2) informal trade and exchange, and (3) formal trade and exchange. These deposits represent a good cross-section of Late Period archaeology, including primary working of raw material at a natural source (Helena Bay), undefended sites where people discarded rubbish and worked obsidian (Bream Head), and a heavily fortified site (Mt. Wellington). We find that most of the obsidian described here was likely obtained directly from natural sources, especially those located on off-shore islands within about 60-70 km of sites. A smaller amount comes from blocks of material transported from an off-shore island a greater distance away, called Mayor Island, in a formal trade and exchange network. This study demonstrates the value of conducting tandem lithic technology and geochemical sourcing studies to understand how people create and maintain social networks during periods of warfare.

  3. Strategies for obtaining obsidian in pre-European contact era New Zealand.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark D McCoy

    Full Text Available Archaeological evidence of people's choices regarding how they supply themselves with obsidian through direct access and different types of exchanges gives us insight in to mobility, social networks, and property rights in the distant past. Here we use collections of obsidian artefacts that date to a period of endemic warfare among Maori during New Zealand's Late Period (1500-1769 A.D. to determine what strategies people engaged in to obtain obsidian, namely (1 collecting raw material directly from a natural source, (2 informal trade and exchange, and (3 formal trade and exchange. These deposits represent a good cross-section of Late Period archaeology, including primary working of raw material at a natural source (Helena Bay, undefended sites where people discarded rubbish and worked obsidian (Bream Head, and a heavily fortified site (Mt. Wellington. We find that most of the obsidian described here was likely obtained directly from natural sources, especially those located on off-shore islands within about 60-70 km of sites. A smaller amount comes from blocks of material transported from an off-shore island a greater distance away, called Mayor Island, in a formal trade and exchange network. This study demonstrates the value of conducting tandem lithic technology and geochemical sourcing studies to understand how people create and maintain social networks during periods of warfare.

  4. A produção do fracasso escolar: a trajetória de um clássico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Sérgio F. de Carvalho

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Publicado pela primeira vez há mais de duas décadas, A Produção do Fracasso Escolar, de Maria Helena Souza Patto, segue sendo uma obra de referência para pesquisadores em educação, gestores de sistemas e professores. Como explicar sua longevidade e fecundidade em um campo tão marcado pela rápida obsolescência de autores, teorias e perspectivas educacionais? No presente artigo apresentamos duas hipóteses complementares para essa sólida trajetória de sua obra. A primeira delas diz respeito ao potencial elucidativo de seu estudo que, recusando o jargão e os procedimentos cientificistas que apagam a concretude do real em favor de uma linguagem matematizada e padronizadora, apresenta um quadro significativo e complexo do cotidiano de uma instituição escolar e dos agentes nela envolvidos. Em suas análises emerge a singularidade desses agentes, tantas vezes obscurecidas por rótulos e fórmulas abstratas. Por outro lado, em sua pesquisa a peculiaridade do cotidiano de uma instituição não se desliga dos condicionantes históricos de natureza política e social que têm marcado as concepções e práticas educativas em nossa sociedade.

  5. Dietary Patterns in European and Brazilian Adolescents: Comparisons and Associations with Socioeconomic Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Aparecida Borges

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Associations between dietary patterns (DP and socioeconomic factors have been little explored in adolescents. The aim of this study was to identify DP in European and Brazilian adolescents and to investigate their associations with a range of socioeconomic indicators. Adolescents from the HELENA-study and the Household Budget Survey were analyzed. Factor analysis was used to obtain DP. Linear regression was used to examine the association between DP and SES. In Europeans, the Western DP was associated with low education of the mother, high socioeconomic status (boys, older age (boys, and living in cities of the Northern Europe; in Brazilians, the Western DP was associated with high secondary education of the mother, high socioeconomic status and living in Southern areas of the country. The Traditional European DP, in both genders, was associated with high secondary education of the mother and inversely associated with a high socioeconomic status; the Traditional Brazilian DP, was associated with university level education of the mother and older age (boys. The association between DP and socioeconomic factors is relevant for the understanding of food-related practices and highlight the importance of performing a complete assessment of the socioeconomic influence in adolescent’s DP from developed and developing countries.

  6. The effect of pressure anisotropy on ballooning modes in tokamak plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, A.; Hole, M. J.; Qu, Z. S.; Hezaveh, H.

    2018-06-01

    Edge Localised Modes are thought to be caused by a spectrum of magnetohydrodynamic instabilities, including the ballooning mode. While ballooning modes have been studied extensively both theoretically and experimentally, the focus of the vast majority of this research has been on isotropic plasmas. The prevalence of pressure anisotropy in modern tokamaks thus motivates further study of these modes. This paper presents a numerical analysis of ballooning modes in anisotropic equilibria. The investigation was conducted using the newly-developed codes HELENA+ATF and MISHKA-A, which adds anisotropic physics to equilibria and stability analysis. We have examined the impact of anisotropy on the stability of an n = 30 ballooning mode, confirming results conform to previous calculations in the isotropic limit. Growth rates of ballooning modes in equilibria with different levels of anisotropy were then calculated using the stability code MISHKA-A. The key finding was that the level of anisotropy had a significant impact on ballooning mode growth rates. For {T}\\perp > {T}| | , typical of ICRH heating, the growth rate increases, while for {T}\\perp < {T}| | , typical of neutral beam heating, the growth rate decreases.

  7. Relationship between spatial distribution of chaetognaths and hydrographic conditions around seamounts and islands of the tropical southwestern Atlantic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Christiane S de; Luz, Joana A G; Mafalda, Paulo O

    2014-09-01

    Relationship between spatial distribution of chaetognaths and hydrographic conditions around seamounts and islands off Northeastern Brazil were analyzed from 133 oceanographic stations during the months of January - April of 1997 and April - July of 1998. Oblique zooplankton tows, using 50 cm diameter Bongo nets with 500µm mesh with a flowmeter to determine the filtered volume, were carried out to a maximum of 200m depth. The Superficial Equatorial Water, which had a salinity > 36 PSU and temperature > 20°C, occupied the top 80 to 200m depth. Below this water mass was the South Atlantic Central Water with salinity ranging from 34.5 to 36 PSU and temperature from 6 to 20°C. The community of chaetognaths showed six species: Pterosagitta draco, Flaccisagitta enflata, Flaccisagitta hexaptera, Pseudosagitta lyra, Serratosagitta serratodentata, and Sagitta helenae. Of these species, F. enflata was the most abundant (32.05% in 1997 and 42.18% in 1998) and the most frequent (87.88% in 1997 and 95% in 1998) during both periods. A mesopelagic specie was identified (P. lyra). This specie was more abundant in 1997 (3.42%), when the upwelling was more intense. P. lyra occurred in 22% of the samples during 1997. The abundance of F. enflata, an epiplanktonic species, increased, associated with greater water-column stability.

  8. Relationship between spatial distribution of chaetognaths and hydrographic conditions around seamounts and islands of the tropical southwestern Atlantic

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    CHRISTIANE S. DE SOUZA

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Relationship between spatial distribution of chaetognaths and hydrographic conditions around seamounts and islands off Northeastern Brazil were analyzed from 133 oceanographic stations during the months of January – April of 1997 and April – July of 1998. Oblique zooplankton tows, using 50 cm diameter Bongo nets with 500µm mesh with a flowmeter to determine the filtered volume, were carried out to a maximum of 200m depth. The Superficial Equatorial Water, which had a salinity > 36 PSU and temperature > 20°C, occupied the top 80 to 200m depth. Below this water mass was the South Atlantic Central Water with salinity ranging from 34.5 to 36 PSU and temperature from 6 to 20°C. The community of chaetognaths showed six species: Pterosagitta draco, Flaccisagitta enflata, Flaccisagitta hexaptera, Pseudosagitta lyra, Serratosagitta serratodentata, and Sagitta helenae. Of these species, F. enflata was the most abundant (32.05% in 1997 and 42.18% in 1998 and the most frequent (87.88% in 1997 and 95% in 1998 during both periods. A mesopelagic specie was identified (P. lyra. This specie was more abundant in 1997 (3.42%, when the upwelling was more intense. P. lyra occurred in 22% of the samples during 1997. The abundance of F. enflata, an epiplanktonic species, increased, associated with greater water-column stability.

  9. Infecção natural por Corynespora cassiicola em acessos de mamoeiro

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    Marcela Tonini Venturini

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Corynespora cassiicola, um patógeno com ampla gama de hospedeiros, tem causado graves danos nos viveiros de mamoeiro na Bahia. Avaliou-se, em ambiente misto de cobertura e a pleno sol, a incidência natural de C. cassiicola em 49 acessos de mamoeiro em experimento conduzido em blocos casualizados com quatro repetições, 49 tratamentos e variável número de plantas/tratamento. O número de plantas com sintomas e mortas por C. cassiicola foi avaliado aos 27 e 32 dias após a semeadura. A análise de Cluster (p< 0,05 classificou os acessos em 5 grupos pelo número médio de plântulas infectadas e mortas. Os acessos com menor porcentagem de plântulas infectadas foram: Sunrise solo 72/12, Sunrise solo, Golden comercial, Grampola, Kapoho solo (polpa vermelha, Mamão roxo e Santa Helena (50A PLT - 09, 14A PLT - 05, 12A PLT- 06, 12A PLT - 07, 02A PLT -01. Nova sintomatologia causada pelo patógeno é descrita.

  10. FEMININO, MASCULINO: SIGNIFICAÇÕES QUE DISPUTAM HEGEMONIA

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    Joice Oliveira Nunes

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Joice Oliveira Nunes DOI: 10.12957/periferia.2013.15339O presente estudo analisa questões de gênero e sexualidade como relativas ao processo de constituição do currículo de Educação em Direitos Humanos, procurando identificar que significados deslizam, disputam hegemonia e ganham espaço e/ou são silenciados em textos voltados à educação básica, selecionados no/pelo Núcleo de Educação Continuada. Toma a teoria do discurso de Ernesto Laclau e Chantal Mouffe como base para analisar a diferença como processo de produção discursiva e, na perspectiva da Educação em Direitos Humanos, discutir com base em Aura Helena Ramos a tensão igualdade/diferença. A leitura dos textos que compõem o material empírico do estudo permite identificar a atenção em relação às diferenças de gênero e a invisibilização das diferenças em relação ao tema sexualidade.

  11. Comparative evaluation of Plateletworks, Multiplate analyzer and Platelet function analyzer-200 in cardiology patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jeeyong; Cho, Chi Hyun; Jung, Bo Kyeung; Nam, Jeonghun; Seo, Hong Seog; Shin, Sehyun; Lim, Chae Seung

    2018-04-14

    The objective of this study was to comparatively evaluate three commercial whole-blood platelet function analyzer systems: Platelet Function Analyzer-200 (PFA; Siemens Canada, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada), Multiplate analyzer (MP; Roche Diagnostics International Ltd., Rotkreuz, Switzerland), and Plateletworks Combo-25 kit (PLW; Helena Laboratories, Beaumont, TX, USA). Venipuncture was performed on 160 patients who visited a department of cardiology. Pairwise agreement among the three platelet function assays was assessed using Cohen's kappa coefficient and percent agreement within the reference limit. Kappa values with the same agonists were poor between PFA-collagen (COL; agonist)/adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and MP-ADP (-0.147), PFA-COL/ADP and PLW-ADP (0.089), MP-ADP and PLW-ADP (0.039), PFA-COL/ADP and MP-COL (-0.039), and between PFA-COL/ADP and PLW-COL (-0.067). Nonetheless, kappa values for the same assay principle with a different agonist were slightly higher between PFA-COL/ADP and PFA-COL/EPI (0.352), MP-ADP and MP-COL (0.235), and between PLW-ADP and PLW-COL (0.247). The range of percent agreement values was 38.7% to 73.8%. Therefore, various measurements of platelet function by more than one method were needed to obtain a reliable interpretation of platelet function considering low kappa coefficient and modest percent agreement rates among 3 different platelet function tests.

  12. Processos de formação e produção de conhecimento: cinco olhares sobre a Educação Popular e Saúde

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    Helena Maria Scherlowski Leal David

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste suplemento da Interface, trazemos cinco entrevistados com histórias de origem e trajetos diferentes, mas cuja práxis se construiu e se constrói em torno dos princípios da Educação Popular e Saúde. São eles: Selvino Heck, atual assessor especial da Secretaria Geral da Presidência da República, diretor do Departamento de Educação Popular e Mobilização da Secretaria Nacional de Articulação Social da Secretaria Geral e secretário executivo da Comissão Nacional de Agroecologia e Produção Orgânica; Regina Helena Simões Barbosa, professora e pesquisadora do Instituto de Estudos de Saúde Coletiva da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro; Ivanilde Batista, servidora da Secretaria de Estado de Saúde de Goiás, fundadora e militante da Aneps-GO; Paulette Cavalcanti, professora e pesquisadora da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz em Pernambuco; e Julio Alberto Wong Un, professor e pesquisador do Instituto de Saúde Coletiva da Universidade Federal Fluminense.

  13. Movement patterns of Mediterranean moray and European conger in a coastal MPA

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    Ana Filipa Silva

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Pessegueiro Island Marine Protected Area (MPA, SW coast of Portugal, was implemented in 2011 with the purpose of protect biodiversity and prevent over-exploitation of commercially important fish species. Amongst those species are the Mediterranean moray (Muraena helena and the European conger (Conger conger. In this context, the aim of this study was to assess the importance of this MPA as a refuge/feeding area for these species and to evaluate its location and size adequacy. The study was carried out during the summer of 2013 and a total of 19 morays and 6 congers were tagged with acoustic transmitters. An array of 19 automatic receivers was deployed with a sampling design that spatially covered the entire MPA. The data from the receivers was analysed through multivariate statistics (PERMANOVA, Kernel Density Estimation (KDE and Network Analysis. Results showed that the Pessegueiro Island MPA is an important zone for both species since the tagged morays and congers spent 48% of the time within the area (average residency index. Also, KDE and Network Analysis showed that both species displayed relatively reduced home ranges, 20 ha in average for morays and 30 ha for congers, and the movements performed were limited to adjacent areas. Activity was more intense during night time for both species. Regarding morays, lunar cycle and sea conditions also seemed to influence their movement patterns. The data collected in this study highlight the importance of this MPA for the target species.

  14. Atmospheric bromoform at Cape Point, South Africa: an initial fixed-point data set on the African continent

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    B. Kuyper

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Bromoform mixing ratios in marine air were measured at Cape Point Global Atmospheric Watch Station, South Africa. This represents the first such bromoform data set recorded at this location. Manual daily measurements were made during a month-long field campaign (austral spring 2011 using a gas chromatograph-electron capture detector (GC-ECD with a custom-built front end thermal desorption trap. The measured concentrations ranged between 4.4 and 64.6 (± 22.2 % ppt with a mean of 24.8 ± 14.8 ppt. The highest mixing ratios recorded here occurred at, or shortly after, low tide. The diurnal cycle exhibited a morning and evening maximum with lower concentrations throughout the rest of the day. Initial analysis of the data presented indicates that the local kelp beds were the dominant source of the bromoform reported. A concentration-weighted trajectory analysis of the bromoform measurements suggests that two offshore source areas may exist. These source areas appear to be centred on the Agulhas retroflection and extend from St Helena Bay to the southwest.

  15. Leaf-level carbon isotope discrimination and its relationship with yield components as a tool for cotton phenotyping in unfavorable conditions

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    Giovani Greigh Brito

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The initial goal of this study was to measure the efficiency of carbon isotope discrimination (Δ in distinguishing between cotton plant genotypes subjected to two water regimes. In addition, ∆ measurements, leaf water potential and gas exchange ratios were monitored. Using Brazilian breeding lines, this study also tested the usability of ∆ as a proxy for selecting high-performing yield components in cotton plants grown in unfavorable conditions, particularly water deficiency. For these experiments, ∆ and yield components were measured and their correlations analyzed. Differences among cotton genotypes for Δ (p < 0.0001 were verified, and it was found that this variable was significantly correlated with gas exchange. There was a significant positive correlation between Δ and seed cotton yield only in the site experiencing severe water deficiency (Santa Helena de Goiás. However, Δ had a significant negative correlation with fiber percentage. Our results indicate that Δ is a suitable tool for cotton phenotyping, and it may be applied in cotton breeding programs that aim to produce high-performing yield components in unfavorable conditions.

  16. Reestablishment of Notopygos megalops McIntosh, description of N. caribea sp. n. from the Greater Caribbean and barcoding of “amphiamerican” Notopygos species (Annelida, Amphinomidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yáñez-Rivera, Beatriz; Carrera-Parra, Luis Fernando

    2012-01-01

    Abstract The species of the genus Notopygos Grube, 1855 are characterized by an ovate body, a prominent caruncle with three lobes, dendritic branchiae, and double dorsal cirri. Twenty-two species belonging to Notopygos have been described, mostly from the Indo-Pacific region. In America, few species are frequently recorded: Notopygos crinita Grube, 1855 from St. Helena Island (Atlantic) and Notopygos ornata Grube and Ørsted in Grube 1857 from Costa Rica (Pacific). Notopygos crinita is a widely distributed species in the Western Atlantic with additional reports in the Mediterranean Sea (as a questionable alien species) and in the Pacific Ocean. However, only the genus features have been considered, consequently some records could be misidentifications. During a revision of materials from collections and the barcode project, ‘Mexican Barcode of Life, MEXBOL’, we found specimens of Notopygos megalops and an undescribed species from reef zones in the Caribbean; the former had been considered a junior synonym of Notopygos crinita. Herein, Notopygos megalops is reestablished and Notopygos caribea sp. n. is described. A morphological and DNA barcode approach was used to explain the records of Notopygos ornata in the Atlantic and to show the differences with the new species, since both species share features such as complex pigmentation patterns, and circular projections in the median lobe of the caruncle. PMID:23459182

  17. Inserção da literatura local nas aulas de Língua Portuguesa: uma experiência com a literatura de Juazeiro-BA

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    Patrício Nunes Barreiros

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Nesse artigo apresentamos os resultados de uma intervenção pedagógica para o ensino de Língua Portuguesa, elaborada com o objetivo de buscar alternativas para a inserção da literatura produzida por escritores juazeireneses, nas atividades de litura e escrita de uma turma do 9º ano do Ensino Fundamental do Colégio Estadual Helena Celestino Gomes, em Juazeiro-BA. Como resultado da intervenção os alunos produziram uma biblioteca digital, na qual foram disponibilizadas uma lista de escritores de Juazeiro, suas biografias e uma seleção de textos feita pelos estudantes. Para a realização das atividades que resultaram na produção da referida biblioteca, os alunos realizaram pesquisas na Biblioteca Pública Municipal, em acervos pessoas e realizaram entrevistas com escritores. As atividades foram realizadas em grupos, valorizando sempre a colaboração e a participação de todos os estudantes.

  18. Cool cuisine-feed your body, mind, and planet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stec, Laura

    2012-03-01

    This paper combines information from the book, Cool Cuisine-Taking the Bite Out of Global Warming (Gibbs Smith, 2008) with notes from the World of Healthy Flavors Conference (Culinary Institute of America, St. Helena, CA, USA, 2011). Cool Cuisine reports on connections between food choices and global warming, (what we termed the Global Warming Diet), both from a culinary and science point of view. World of Healthy Flavors brought food industry professionals together to discuss ways the industry can collaborate on solutions to some of the most pressing health problems in the USA. Science now supports the fact that dietary choices that adversely effect human health have an equally detrimental effect on the health of the environment and our livestock. Therefore, eating a more diverse, plant-based, whole grain, and sodium-reduced diet not only improves human health, but also the health of the environment. What is good for humans to eat is the same food that is best for the environment to grow and manufacture. Understanding and then teaching the connection between the two is one more tool toward effective behavior change, especially in children. Easy suggestions on ways to cook healthfully and "fight the global warming diet with a cool cuisine" close out this work.

  19. Una teoría para explicar la construcción de competencias conceptuales en los procesos de formación: La Psicología del Conocimiento

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    Yilton Riascos Forero

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Partiendo del estudio de los trabajos desarrollados por la profesora María Helena Fávero en la Universidad de Brasilia, en los cuales se eñala la ruptura entre las ciencias y la filosofía, que fortalece la idea equivocada de una ciencia exacta y acabada que debe ser transmitida a los estudiantes, se lleva esta discusión a la Educación Matemática articulando tres temas: la práctica de enseñanza y la de la evaluación formal; la formación de profesores y la interacción entre psicología y conocimiento. Se muestra que la formación de profesores de matemática debe considerar la filosofía y la epistemología en la construcción de sus saberes así como el desarrollo de los procesos psicológicos que soportan esa construcción, es decir, presupone la construcción de tres aspectos psicológicos: la formación de conceptos y su sistema lógico de representación; la toma de conciencia de estos conceptos y de esa lógica, y la interacción social que caracteriza la situación didáctica en la cual son construidos.

  20. Ethno-cultural diversity in the experience of widowhood in later life: Chinese widows in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Matthews, Anne; Tong, Catherine E; Rosenthal, Carolyn J; McDonald, Lynn

    2013-12-01

    This paper utilizes Helena Znaniecka Lopata's concept of life frameworks as a lens through which to understand the experience of widowhood amongst elderly Chinese immigrant women living in Toronto, Canada. While Lopata defined life frameworks as including social supports, social relations and social roles, for these widows, personal resources (framed in Chinese cultural context) were also important aspects of life frameworks. In-depth interviews with 20 widows contacted through a Chinese community center were conducted in Mandarin and Cantonese and then transcribed and interpreted through team-based qualitative analyses. These women ranged in age from 69 to 93 years and had been in Canada an average of 17 years, with over half of them widowed following immigration. Our analysis framed the widows' narratives in terms of four types of supports defined by Lopata: social, service, financial and emotional supports. They had fairly extensive social and service supports focused primarily around family and the Chinese community. Although norms of filial piety traditionally dictate sons as primary supports, daughters predominated as providers of supports to these widows. Interpreted from a life course perspective, financial supports were deemed sufficient, despite overall limited financial means. Emotional support was more nuanced and complex for these widows. Loneliness and feelings of social isolation were prevalent. Nevertheless, themes of acceptance and satisfaction dominated our findings, as did reciprocity and exchange. The narrative accounts of these widows depict a complexity of experience rooted in their biographies as Chinese women and as immigrants, rather than primarily in widowhood itself. © 2013.

  1. El museo deslumbrante: octubre de 1965

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    Fernando Arbelaez

    1965-10-01

    Full Text Available Los había visto varias veces dialogando con los pescador es que tejen las redes cerca al mar. Inseparable pareja de seres un poco fantasmales que hadan Bruno y su compañero, con sus blue-jeans destartalados y sus viejas camisas sin botones abiertas hasta la cintura. Bruno tiene el pelo lacio y le cae hasta la nuca, el otro se parece a un San Juan Bautista con un aire irónico, por el pelo encrespado tan largo como el de Bruno y la barba enmarañada de rizos absurdos. Nunca imaginé que los dos fuesen artistas : Bruno hace pinturas abstractas y Edmond Jaquerod escribe versos. Esto me lo ha dicho Monique que me ha prometido llevarme a su atélier. Helena en la forma más discreta y enérgica me ha hecho saber que no quiere tener relación alguna con ellos.

  2. An individually tailored behavioral medicine treatment in physical therapy for tension-type headache – an experimental single-case study

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    Söderlund A

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Anne Söderlund,1 Helena Lagerlöf2 1Physiotherapy, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås, 2Fysiokliniken Västra Aros AB, Västerås, Sweden Aim: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the effect of an individually tailored behavioral medicine treatment in physical therapy, based on a functional behavioral analysis (FBA, for tension-type headache (TTH. Patients and methods: A single-case study with A1-A2-B-A3 design of two patients with TTH was conducted. Outcome variables were headache frequency, headache index (mean intensity, consumption of analgesics, self-efficacy in headache management (Headache Management Self-efficacy Scale [HMSE], disability, and perceived loss of happiness for ­activities with family and friends. Results: The results showed that headache frequency and headache index decreased for one of the patients. Self-efficacy in headache management increased markedly for both patients. Conclusion: A behavioral medicine treatment in physical therapy based on an FBA can be a way for physical therapists to handle patients with TTH. Future investigations should focus on large group studies with longer observation periods. Keywords: headache index, self-efficacy, loss of happiness, functional behavioral analysis

  3. Enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production on three-dimensional gold butterfly wing scales/CdS nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Jing; Song, Guofen; Liu, Qinglei; Zhang, Wang; Gu, Jiajun; Su, Yishi; Su, Huilan; Guo, Cuiping; Zhang, Di

    2018-01-01

    Photocatalytic water splitting via utilizing various semiconductors is recognized as a promising way for hydrogen production. Plasmonic metals with sub-micrometer textures can improve the photocatalytic performance of semiconductors via a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) process. Moreover, arrays of multilayer metallic structures can help generate strong LSPR. However, artificial synthesis has difficulties in constructing novel multilayer metallic arrays down to nanoscales. Here, we use three dimensional (3D) scales from Morpho didius forewings (M) to prepare 3D Au-wings with intact hierarchical bio-structures. For comparison, we use Troides helena forewings (T) which are known for their antireflection quasi-honeycomb structures resulting in strong light absorbing ability. Results show that multilayer rib structures of Au-M can significantly amplify the LSPR of 3D Au and thus can efficiently help the photocatalytic process (9-fold increase). This amplification effect is obviously more superior to the straightforward enhancement of the absorption of incident light (Au-T, 5-fold increase). Thus, our study provides the possibility to prepare highly efficient plasmonic photocatalysts (possessing 3D multilayer rib structures) via an easy method. This work will also be revealing for plasmonic applications in other fields.

  4. Structure and pharmacological actions of phyllocaerulein, a caerulein-like nonapeptide: its occurrence in extracts of the skin of Phyllomedusa sauvagei and related Phyllomedusa species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anastasi, A; Bertaccini, G; Cei, J M; De Caro, G; Erspamer, V; Impicciatore, M

    1969-09-01

    1. The South American amphibian Phyllomedusa sauvagei contains in its skin large amounts of a polypeptide closely resembling caerulein in its pharmacological actions. This polypeptide, called phyllocaerulein, was obtained in a pure form, and upon acid hydrolysis, enzymic digestion and end-group determination experiments it proved to be a nonapeptide of the following composition Pyr-Glu-Tyr(SO(3)H)-Thr-Gly-Trp-Met-Asp-Phe-NH(2)It may be seen that caerulein and phyllocaerulein have in common the C-terminal heptapeptide and the N-terminal pyroglutamyl residue.2. Phyllocaerulein is indistinguishable from caerulein even in parallel bioassay. However, the former polypeptide seems to be somewhat more potent than the latter on all the preparations tested.3. In different batches of Phyllomedusa sauvagei skin the phyllocaerulein content ranged between 150 and 600 mug/g of fresh tissue.Phyllocaerulein or similar polypeptides occur also in the skin of several other Phyllomedusa species, among which are Phyll. burmeisteri, Phyll. dachnicolor, Phyll, helenae, Phyll. annae, Phyll. callidryas and Phyll. bicolor.4. The qualitative identification and quantitative estimation of caerulein-like polypeptides in crude skin extracts may be complicated by the concomitant occurrence of other active polypeptides. These, however, are poorly effective on some test preparations which seem to respond selectively to caerulein.5. Like that of caerulein, the biological significance of phyllocaerulein is completely obscure.

  5. Structure and pharmacological actions of phyllocaerulein, a caerulein-like nonapeptide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anastasi, A.; Bertaccini, G.; Cei, J. M.; De Caro, G.; Erspamer, V.; Impicciatore, M.

    1969-01-01

    1. The South American amphibian Phyllomedusa sauvagei contains in its skin large amounts of a polypeptide closely resembling caerulein in its pharmacological actions. This polypeptide, called phyllocaerulein, was obtained in a pure form, and upon acid hydrolysis, enzymic digestion and end-group determination experiments it proved to be a nonapeptide of the following composition Pyr-Glu-Tyr(SO3H)-Thr-Gly-Trp-Met-Asp-Phe-NH2 It may be seen that caerulein and phyllocaerulein have in common the C-terminal heptapeptide and the N-terminal pyroglutamyl residue. 2. Phyllocaerulein is indistinguishable from caerulein even in parallel bioassay. However, the former polypeptide seems to be somewhat more potent than the latter on all the preparations tested. 3. In different batches of Phyllomedusa sauvagei skin the phyllocaerulein content ranged between 150 and 600 μg/g of fresh tissue. Phyllocaerulein or similar polypeptides occur also in the skin of several other Phyllomedusa species, among which are Phyll. burmeisteri, Phyll. dachnicolor, Phyll, helenae, Phyll. annae, Phyll. callidryas and Phyll. bicolor. 4. The qualitative identification and quantitative estimation of caerulein-like polypeptides in crude skin extracts may be complicated by the concomitant occurrence of other active polypeptides. These, however, are poorly effective on some test preparations which seem to respond selectively to caerulein. 5. Like that of caerulein, the biological significance of phyllocaerulein is completely obscure. PMID:5824931

  6. DJ Oliveira e as máscaras

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    Flávio R. Kothe

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available DJ Oliveira faleceu em 23 de setembro de 2006, aos 72 anos de idade, quando completou 50 anos de atividade como artista plástico. Oriundo do grupo Santa Helena, de São Paulo, ajudou a fundar a escola de pintura de Goiânia, mas acabou vivendo no exílio, no interior de Luziânia. Ele ainda não foi reconhecido na dimensão dos seus méritos. Tendo os fundadores de Brasília optado pelo modernismo abstrato e tendo ele se afastado da geometria simples de seu companheiro Volpi, DJ viu-se posto de lado como se fosse um artista inferior àqueles que ficaram consagrados porque foram promovidos pelo poder. Vai chegar a hora de rever o esquema dominante, em que aparece como grande artista aquele que estava nas preferências do dono do poder, como se este fosse o dono do saber ou a corporificação do sujeito transcendental estético.

  7. Reestablishment of Notopygos megalops McIntosh, description of N. caribea sp. n. from the Greater Caribbean and barcoding of “amphiamerican” Notopygos species (Annelida, Amphinomidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Yanez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The species of the genus Notopygos Grube, 1855 are characterized by an ovate body, a prominent caruncle with three lobes, dendritic branchiae, and double dorsal cirri. Twenty-two species belonging to Notopygos have been described, mostly from the Indo-Pacific region. In America, few species are frequently recorded: N. crinita Grube, 1855 from St. Helena Island (Atlantic and N. ornata Grube and Ørsted in Grube 1857 from Costa Rica (Pacific. Notopygos crinita is a widely distributed species in the Western Atlantic with additional reports in the Mediterranean Sea (as a questionable alien species and in the Pacific Ocean. However, only the genus features have been considered, consequently some records could be misidentifications. During a revision of materials from collections and the barcode project, ‘Mexican Barcode of Life, MEXBOL’, we found specimens of N. megalops and an undescribed species from reef zones in the Caribbean; the former had been considered a junior synonym of N. crinita. Herein, N. megalops is reestablished and N. caribea sp. n. is described. A morphological and DNA barcode approach was used to explain the records of N. ornata in the Atlantic and to show the differences with the new species, since both species share features such as complex pigmentation patterns, and circular projections in the median lobe of the caruncle.

  8. IN SITU AND EX SITU CONSERVATION OF RARE AND ENDANGERED GEOPHYTES OF THE HIRKAN NATIONAL PARK (AZERBAIJAN

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    IBADLI Oruc

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Hirkan National Park consists of natural region of Talish Mountains characterized with their unique natural complex. This research was carried out from 2004 to 2007 in order to study the floristic and taxonomical composition of geophytes, elaborate optimal measures of biosafety and their sustainable use. According to floristic composition of the National Park it is a valuable forest which includes 150 endemic species of trees and bushes out of 435 species of trees and bushes. As a result of researches for the first time were found that more than 15 geophyte species are endemic plants of Caucasus or Azerbaijan. Some geophyte species are Allium lenkoranicum Miscz. ex Grossh., A. talyschense Miscz. ex Grossh., Bellevalia fominii Woronow, Ornithogalum hyrcanum Grossh., Fritillaria grandiflora Grossh., Crocus caspius Fisch. & C. A. Mey., Iris helena (C. Koch C. Koch, Himantoglossum formosum (Stev. C. Koch, Ophrys oestrifera M. Bieb., etc. among many others. Isolation of a geographical position of Talish, which vegetation differ a variety of life forms, allows considering geophytes as a group of independent bioecological value. 92 species of geophytes identified and registered in the Hirkan National Park is grouped into 21 families and 46 genera, including 33 rare and endangered species, of which 11 species are included into the “Red Data Book” of Azerbaijan.

  9. PROMETEUS 17, ANO 8

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    Os Editores da Prometeus

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A Prometeus chega ao seu número 17 e seu oitavo ano. Nessa edição, temos uma excelente seleção de artigos.Focalizando a filosofia antiga, temos Lethícia Ouro, Bruno Karl, Irley Franco, Leonidas Konstantakos, Helena Maronna, Miguel Ángel Rossi.Em artigo especial, Rodrigo Brito lida com a filosofia judaica de Abrahan Cohen.A filosofia contemporânea é abordada por Antonio Baptista Gonçalves, que trata de Deleuze, e Paulo Sérgio Calvet, que  trata de Hanna Arendt.Nossa edição se encerra com três traduções: uma de Boécio (William Piauí, uma de Tomás de Aquino (Húdson Canuto e uma de Eurídepdes (Evandro Luis SalvadorDesejamos que os pesquisadores se beneficiem com os trabalhos que selecionamos.Os Editores 

  10. Atmospheric bromoform at Cape Point, South Africa: an initial fixed-point data set on the African continent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuyper, Brett; Palmer, Carl J.; Labuschagne, Casper; Reason, Chris J. C.

    2018-04-01

    Bromoform mixing ratios in marine air were measured at Cape Point Global Atmospheric Watch Station, South Africa. This represents the first such bromoform data set recorded at this location. Manual daily measurements were made during a month-long field campaign (austral spring 2011) using a gas chromatograph-electron capture detector (GC-ECD) with a custom-built front end thermal desorption trap. The measured concentrations ranged between 4.4 and 64.6 (± 22.2 %) ppt with a mean of 24.8 ± 14.8 ppt. The highest mixing ratios recorded here occurred at, or shortly after, low tide. The diurnal cycle exhibited a morning and evening maximum with lower concentrations throughout the rest of the day. Initial analysis of the data presented indicates that the local kelp beds were the dominant source of the bromoform reported. A concentration-weighted trajectory analysis of the bromoform measurements suggests that two offshore source areas may exist. These source areas appear to be centred on the Agulhas retroflection and extend from St Helena Bay to the southwest.

  11. Age/isotopic characterisation of the Waipapa Group in Northland and Auckland, New Zealand, and implications for the status of the Waipapa Terrane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adams, C.J.; Maas, R.

    2004-01-01

    Rb-Sr ages of low-grade metasediments of the Waipapa Group (probable Permian-Jurassic) of Northland and Auckland range from Late Triassic (c. 209-217 Ma) to Middle Jurassic (c. 164-174 Ma), reflecting deformation and metamorphism during the Rangitata Orogeny. K-Ar ages indicate Middle Jurassic (c. 165-175 Ma) uplift and cooling of the western Omahuta-Puketi Forest block, and later, Middle-Late Jurassic (c. 150-160 Ma) cooling of the Helena Bay to Hunua Ranges eastern coastal block. In the intervening Western Bay of Islands block, there is evidence of local Early Cretaceous (c. 135 Ma) metamorphism. Rb-Sr whole-rock isochron age (t) and initial 87 Sr/ 86 Sr ratio (i) data support the assignment of Waipapa Group of the westernmost, Omahuta-Puketi block to the Caples Terrane. The remaining data have a consistent (t)-(i) signature, with (i) values 0.7039-0.7049, unlike Permian-Cretaceous Torlesse Supergroup metasediments with more radiogenic (i) values, typically >0.7060. They thus support the retention of a separate, Waipapa Terrane which continues southwards through central North Island to the Kaimanawa Ranges, and probably to Kapiti Island, and schist equivalents in eastern Marlborough. (author). 62 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs

  12. Quantification of carbamylated albumin in serum based on capillary electrophoresis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delanghe, Sigurd; Moerman, Alena; Pletinck, Anneleen; Schepers, Eva; Glorieux, Griet; Van Biesen, Wim; Delanghe, Joris R; Speeckaert, Marijn M

    2017-09-01

    Protein carbamylation, a nonenzymatic posttranslational modification promoted during uremia, is linked to a poor prognosis. In the present study, carbamylation of serum albumin was assayed using the symmetry factor on a capillary electrophoresis instrument (Helena V8). The symmetry factor has been defined as the distance from the center line of the peak to the back slope, divided by the distance from the center line of the peak to the front slope, with all measurements made at 10% of the maximum peak height. Serum albumin, creatinine, and urea concentrations were assayed using routine methods, whereas uremic toxins were determined using HPLC. In vitro carbamylation induced a marked albumin peak asymmetry. Reference values for the albumin symmetry factor were 0.69-0.92. In kidney patients, albumin peak asymmetry corresponded to the chronic kidney disease stage (p < 0.0001). The symmetry factor correlated well with serum urea (r = -0.5595, p < 0.0001) and creatinine (r = -0.5986, p < 0.0001) concentrations. Several protein-bound uremic toxins showed a significant negative correlation with the symmetry factor. Morphology of the albumin fraction was not affected by presence of glycated albumin and protein-bound antibiotics. In conclusion, the presented method provides a simple, practical way for monitoring protein carbamylation. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  13. Prevalence of sedentary behavior and its correlates among primary and secondary school students

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    Rodrigo Wiltgen Ferreira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective: To determine the students’ exposure to four different sedentary behavior (SB indicators and their associations with gender, grade, age, economic status and physical activity level. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013. The SB was collected using the HELENA instrument, composed by screen time questions (TV, video games and internet and sitting activities on school opposite shift. The cut point of ≥2h/day was used to categorize the outcome. The Poisson regression was used for associations between the outcome and the independent variables (95% significance level, controlling for confounding variables and the possible design effect. Results: The sample was composed by 8661 students. The overall prevalence of SB was 69.2% (CI95% 68.1–70.2 on weekdays, and 79.6% (CI95% 78.7–80.5 on weekends. Females were more associated with the outcome, except to electronic games. Advanced grades students were more involved in sitting tasks when compared to the early grades. Older students were more likely to surf on net for ≥2h/day. Higher economic level students were more likely to engage in video games and internet. Active individuals were less likely to engage in SB on weekdays. Conclusions: The prevalence of SB was high, mainly on weekends. The associations with sex, age, grade and physical activity level should be considered into elaboration of more efficient interventions on SB control.

  14. uma renovação no conceito das exposições escolares (1943

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    Dulce Regina Baggio Osinski

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la primera Exposición de Dibujo Infantil y Juvenil realizada Curitiba/PR, en 1943, y sus relaciones con las tendencias modernas en arte y educación. El evento involucró intelectuales y artistas como Raul Gomes, Erasmo Pilotto, Helena Kolody y Guido Viaro, además de las profesoras en formación y alumnos de escuelas públicas y privadas. Defendiendo la libertad de expresión y la individualidad del niño, el proyecto de la exposición justificaba su importancia por su carácter científico, con base en investigaciones sobre el dibujo infantil, realizadas en psicología por Luquet, Rouma y Rabello, así como en las conclusiones del Congreso de Enseñanza de Dibujo de París, de 1937. Como fuentes se utilizaron los diarios impresos O Dia y la Gazeta do Povo .

  15. Activation analyses of authenticated hairs of Napoleon Bonaparte confirm arsenic poisoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weider, B; Fournier, J H

    1999-12-01

    In 1960, activation analyses at the Harwell Nuclear Research Laboratory of the University of Glascow, London of authenticated hairs of Napoleon Bonaparte taken immediately after his death confirmed Napoleon's chronic arsenic poisoning on the island of St. Helena. Timeline correlation of his clinical symptomatology of the preceding 4 months, as reported in the written diaries of his exiled companions, further supports the effect of fluctuating, elevated toxic levels of arsenic on his health. Independent analyses of authenticated hairs of Napoleon by the Toxicology Crime Laboratory of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1995 reveals toxic levels of arsenic. The successful assassination of Napoleon included both a cosmetic and lethal phase. The cosmetic phase consisted of arsenic poisoning over time to weaken Napoleon, making the associated debility appear to be a natural illness and thus allay any suspicions prior to instituting the lethal phase. On May 3, 1821, at 5:30 P.M., the lethal phase was carried out. Napoleon was given Calomel (HgCl), a cathartic, and a popular orange-flavored drink called orgeat, which was flavored with the oil of bitter almonds. Together they formed mercury cyanide, which is lethal. Napoleon lost consciousness and died two days later.

  16. The medical mystery of Napoleon Bonaparte: an interdisciplinary exposé.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugli, Alessandro; Clemenza, Massimiliano; Corso, Philip E; di Costanzo, Jacques; Dirnhofer, Richard; Fiorini, Ettore; Herborg, Costanza; Hindmarsh, John Thomas; Orvini, Edoardo; Piazzoli, Adalberto; Previtali, Ezio; Santagostino, Angela; Sonnenberg, Amnon; Genta, Robert M

    2011-03-01

    Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 to 1821) is one of the most studied historical figures in European history. Not surprisingly, amongst the many mysteries still surrounding his person is the cause of his death, and particularly the suspicion that he was poisoned, continue to intrigue medical historians. After the defeat of the Napoleonic Army at the battle of Waterloo in 1815, Napoleon was exiled to the small island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic, where he died 6 years later. Although his personal physician, Dr François Carlo Antommarchi, stated in his autopsy report that stomach cancer was the cause of death, this diagnosis was challenged in 1961 by the finding of an elevated arsenic concentration in one of Napoleon's hair samples. At that time it was suggested that Napoleon had been poisoned by one of his companions in exile who was allegedly supported by the British Government. Since then Napoleon's cause of death continues to be a topic of debate. The aim of this review is to use a multidisciplinary approach to provide a systematic and critical assessment of Napoleon's cause of death.

  17. Italy in Postcolonial Discourse

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    Concilio, Carmen

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this essay, I would like to explore the representations of Italy through the eyes of three outstanding postcolonial writers: Jhumpa Lahiri, Michael Ondaatje and Nuruddin Farah. Even though Italy is an oasis of art and culture, Jhumpa Lahiri looks at it with a profound sense of both admiration and sadness in Hema and Kaushik (2008. Her scrutiny of the ancient, pre-imperial ruins of the Etruscan period leads her characters to question life, death and marital life. Similarly, Ondaatje opposes an Italian Renaissance villa to the debris left behind by war in his well-known The English Patient (1992. His Punjabi character Kirpal Singh mentions Gabicce Mare, a place that soon after World War II will become a memorial and cemetery for the Indian troops who fought and died for the liberation of Italy. This discourse is picked up by Helena Janaczeck, a Polish-Italian writer who combines a narrative on Polish migration in Italy with an elegiac narrative about the cemetery and memorial in Cassino, where a Maori goes to visit the tombs of his ancestor, who also participated with the Commonwealth troops in World War II. Nuruddin Farah too, who provides a reportage on Somali immigrants to Italy, seems to consider the country as a springboard either to other North European destinations or to a possible destiny back home. All three writers present Italy according to varied and unusual perspectives.

  18. Egeria, la Dama Peregrina

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    Pascual, Carlos

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años del siglo IV, cuando el imperio romano está a punto de derrumbarse, una mujer hispana de alta alcurnia se pone en camino para conocer y venerar los Santos Lugares, recién «descubiertos» por santa Helena. Atravesando la «Vía Domitia» llega a la capital de la pars orientis del Imperio, Constantinopla, continúa hasta Jerusalén, recorre parajes bíblicos, incluido el Sinai y algunos lugares de Mesopotamia. Va narrando cuanto ve, con deliciosa frescura, en unas cartas dirigidas a las amigas que quedaron en la patria. Su relato, copiado por algún monje en el siglo XI, fue hallado en 1884 en una biblioteca italiana. Tras una investigación prolongada, se pudo poner nombre y rostro a esta matrona piadosa. Egeria, la primera viajera-escritora española de que tengamos noticia.…

  19. Mediation of psychosocial determinants in the relation between socio-economic status and adolescents' diet quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michels, Nathalie; Vynckier, Lisa; Moreno, Luis A; Beghin, Laurent; de la O, Alex; Forsner, Maria; Gonzalez-Gross, Marcela; Huybrechts, Inge; Iguacel, Isabel; Kafatos, Antonio; Kersting, Mathilde; Leclercq, Catherine; Manios, Yannis; Marcos, Ascension; Molnar, Denes; Sjöström, Michael; Widhalm, Kurt; De Henauw, Stefaan

    2018-04-01

    To examine the underlying reasons for the positive relation between socio-economic status (SES) and the diet quality of adolescents. In 2081 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) of the European HELENA study, a continuous variable on diet quality via 2-day 24-h recalls was available. SES was reflected by parental education, parental occupation and family affluence. Mediation by several psychosocial determinants was tested: self-efficacy, availability at school and home, social support, barriers, benefits, awareness and some self-reported influencers (parents, school, taste, health, friends, food readily available, easy preparation, hunger, price and habits). Multiple mediation analyses were adjusted for age, sex and country. The availability of soft drinks and fruit at home, social support, parental influence, barriers, price influence, taste influence, health influence and food being readily available were significant mediators. The multiple mediation indirect effect accounted for 23-64% of the total effect. Both occupation and education and both maternal and paternal factors could be explained by the mediation. The unavailability of soft drinks was the strongest mediator (17-44% of the total effect). Up to 64% of the positive relation between SES and the diet quality in adolescence could be explained by several healthy eating determinants. Focusing on these factors in low-SES populations can minimize social inequalities in diet and health by improving the diet of these specific adolescents.

  20. Apresentação

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    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Univesidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia leal@ufba.br / eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lamarcuschi@uol.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VOUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@hotmail.com

  1. Apresentação / Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação da Revista de Letras Vol. 1, número 27 de 2005 CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia abralic@ufba.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lumarc@elogica.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VAUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter roland@hotmail.com.br

  2. Inclusive fashion, recognizing the need of the child wheelchair

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    Rosângela Elisa de Sousa

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This project addresses social inclusion, as a resource to be stimulated by the development of fashion products. Taking into account this market demand research, part of the project, identified aspects of use, accessibility, comfort and perception of parents and therapists with regard to dress, undress and cognitive development in relation to clothing. The audience researched this project were wheelchair children with age range from eight to twelve years, parents and professionals in the health field, such as Physiotherapists, Physical Educator, Occupational Therapist and psychologists, members of institutions CEAEHH - Centro de Atividades Especiais Helena Holanda e FUNAD – Fundação Centro Integrado de Apoio ao Portador de Deficiência, João Pessoa - PB, supporters this project through the sale of infrastructure and public access. The data resulted in the development of a fashion collection with differentiated modeling, versatility of uses combined with an aesthetic framework that prioritized the inclusion of wheelchair-bound child in society through the use of the usual market trends in the children's segment.

  3. « Such sweet thunder (4.1.117 : Le trouble dans A Midsummer Night’s Dream » « Such sweet thunder (4.1.117 : Perturbation in A Midsummer Night’s Dream »

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    François Laroque

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available « Turbulentia prima, tranquillitas ultima ». By that phrase the grammarian Donatus (IVth century A.D. explains that comedy moves from initial perturbation to final reconciliation. This does seem to correspond to the structure of A Midsummer Night’s Dream where, at the outset, love is crossed, the rivers have « overborne their continents »and the seasons have altered. The green world has been put upside down and the former paradise is now a hell for the lovers. Helena thinks she has become a laughing-stock for the other three while her sense of identity is deeply disturbed. The mechanicals’ repeated blunders and malapropisms add to the overall confusion where one feels that the organs of perception have been completely mixed up. But the initial perturbation and trouble -whether it be the muddy waters of the overflowing rivers or the frantic apprehensions and imaginings of the lovers’ ‘seething brains’— slowly works itself clear through some kind of purifying process. At the end, natural rules are reinstated and the seasonal rhythms have been set right and the three weddings are now likely to prove fruitful and prosperous. Thus this comedy of errors finally exorcizes its tragic elements for the sake of some sort of fairy tale ending…

  4. Mesenchymal and induced pluripotent stem cells: general insights and clinical perspectives

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    Zomer HD

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Helena D Zomer,1 Atanásio S Vidane,1 Natalia N Gonçalves,1 Carlos E Ambrósio2 1Department of Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; 2Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Animal Sciences and Food Engineering, University of São Paulo, Pirassununga, SP, Brazil Abstract: Mesenchymal stem cells have awakened a great deal of interest in regenerative medicine due to their plasticity, and immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. They are high-yield and can be acquired through noninvasive methods from adult tissues. Moreover, they are nontumorigenic and are the most widely studied. On the other hand, induced pluripotent stem (iPS cells can be derived directly from adult cells through gene reprogramming. The new iPS technology avoids the embryo destruction or manipulation to generate pluripotent cells, therefore, are exempt from ethical implication surrounding embryonic stem cell use. The pre-differentiation of iPS cells ensures the safety of future approaches. Both mesenchymal stem cells and iPS cells can be used for autologous cell transplantations without the risk of immune rejection and represent a great opportunity for future alternative therapies. In this review we discussed the therapeutic perspectives using mesenchymal and iPS cells. Keywords: cell transplantation, cell therapy, iPS, MSC

  5. Free-living nematode species (Nematoda) dwelling in hydrothermal sites of the North Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tchesunov, Alexei V.

    2015-12-01

    Morphological descriptions of seven free-living nematode species from hydrothermal sites of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge are presented. Four of them are new for science: Paracanthonchus olgae sp. n. (Chromadorida, Cyatholaimidae), Prochromadora helenae sp. n. (Chromadorida, Chromadoridae), Prochaetosoma ventriverruca sp. n. (Desmodorida, Draconematidae) and Leptolaimus hydrothermalis sp. n. (Plectida, Leptolaimidae). Two species have been previously recorded in hydrothermal habitats, and one species is recorded for the first time in such an environment. Oncholaimus scanicus (Enoplida, Oncholaimidae) was formerly known from only the type locality in non-hydrothermal shallow milieu of the Norway Sea. O. scanicus is a very abundant species in Menez Gwen, Lucky Strike and Lost City hydrothermal sites, and population of the last locality differs from other two in some morphometric characteristics. Desmodora marci (Desmodorida, Desmodoridae) was previously known from other remote deep-sea hydrothermal localities in south-western and north-eastern Pacific. Halomonhystera vandoverae (Monhysterida, Monhysteridae) was described and repeatedly found in mass in Snake Pit hydrothermal site. The whole hydrothermal nematode assemblages are featured by low diversity in comparison with either shelf or deep-sea non-hydrothermal communities. The nematode species list of the Atlantic hydrothermal vents consists of representatives of common shallow-water genera; the new species are also related to some shelf species. On the average, the hydrothermal species differ from those of slope and abyssal plains of comparable depths by larger sizes, diversity of buccal structures, presence of food content in the gut and ripe eggs in uteri.

  6. The Boo of Viramontes’s Cafe: Retelling Ghost Stories, Central American Representing Social Death

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    Karina Oliva Alvarado

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Chicana author Helena María Viramontes’s culturally complex “The Cariboo Cafe,” renders a contemporaneous example of social death in the lives of undocumented migrants. Sociologist Orlando Patterson bases “social death” on the “profound natal alienation of the slave” (38 that once cut off from a past and future, promulgates the slave’s desocialization and depersonalization: systems also at play with undocumented Central American immigrants. While Patterson refers to an overt and systemized economic exploitation of a people, the concept remains relevant to this analysis, though symbolic. It examines a three-fold negation through the representational experiences of undocumented immigration, gender, and what Arturo Arias calls Central American “nonentity” (186, in Viramontes’s short story to address Central American differences erased by the utopian desire for reconciliation in Chicana/Latina texts. While social death is originally conceived and applied through “a mode of oppression through which slaves, and by extension those who grew up under the control of Jim Crow society” were coerced through hegemony (JanMohammed 246, its current relevance is allegorical to the conditions that delocalized and depersonalized literary representations of Central Americans. The question is what contemporary hegemonies socially kill the articulation of Central American subjectivities in a Latina/o US imaginary.

  7. Mulheres e política nas notícias: Estereótipos de gênero e competência política

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    Flávia Biroli

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa representações de gênero presentes nas notícias das principais revistas semanais brasileiras. Constata que a presença reduzida de mulheres é acompanhada da existência de estereótipos que remetem a certas concepções do papel da mulher nas sociedades e de sua competência para atuar na vida pública. A relação da mulher com a vida privada é a espinha dorsal desses estereótipos. Seu complemento é o destaque à aparência e o reforço à beleza como um modo de distinção feminina. O artigo apresenta uma análise qualitativa da presença das três mulheres que tiveram maior visibilidade nas notícias no período analisado, os anos de 2006 e 2007: Heloisa Helena, Marta Suplicy e Dilma Rousseff. Essa análise permite discutir representações da feminilidade e da masculinidade, do privado e do público, que atribuem sentidos à presença diferenciada de homens e mulheres na política e na mídia.

  8. Predictive modeling of pedestal structure in KSTAR using EPED model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Hyunsun; Kim, J. Y. [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Ohjin [Department of Physics, Daegu University, Gyeongbuk 712-714 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    A predictive calculation is given for the structure of edge pedestal in the H-mode plasma of the KSTAR (Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research) device using the EPED model. Particularly, the dependence of pedestal width and height on various plasma parameters is studied in detail. The two codes, ELITE and HELENA, are utilized for the stability analysis of the peeling-ballooning and kinetic ballooning modes, respectively. Summarizing the main results, the pedestal slope and height have a strong dependence on plasma current, rapidly increasing with it, while the pedestal width is almost independent of it. The plasma density or collisionality gives initially a mild stabilization, increasing the pedestal slope and height, but above some threshold value its effect turns to a destabilization, reducing the pedestal width and height. Among several plasma shape parameters, the triangularity gives the most dominant effect, rapidly increasing the pedestal width and height, while the effect of elongation and squareness appears to be relatively weak. Implication of these edge results, particularly in relation to the global plasma performance, is discussed.

  9. O incentivo da leitura por meio de histórias em quadrinhos

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    Claudineia Pereira Canguçu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A leitura é importante na formação do cidadão, pois, desperta o imaginário, o faz refletir, pensar, concordar ou discordar, ter uma posição perante o que lê. Mas para ter alunos leitores é necessário desde cedo disponibilizar, ou melhor, proporcionar o contato entre livros e alunos. No presente artigo propomos investigar e analisar se ocorre e como ocorre o incentivo a leitura por meio de histórias em quadrinhos no espaço escolar, como ela acontece, tendo em vista a formação de alunos leitores. O público pesquisado foram professores e alunos do 4º ano do Ensino Fundamental de uma Escola Municipal de Sinop/Mato Grosso. Quanto à metodologia utilizada na pesquisa foi qualitativa do tipo estudo de caso, em que utilizamos como principal fonte de coleta de dados a observação, as conversas informais e questionários com professores e alunos. A pesquisa teve como base teórica autores, como: Carlos Rodrigues Brandão, Bernard Charlot, Paulo Freire, Regina Zilberman, Maria Helena Martins, AntonioChizzotti, além da lei 9394/96-LDB (Lei de Diretrizes e Bases e os PCN (Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais do Ensino Fundamental.Palavras-chave: educação; histórias em quadrinhos; alunos leitores.

  10. SUPRESSIVIDADE NATURAL DE SOLOS DA REGIÃO CENTRO-OESTE A Rhizoctonia solani KÜHN NATURAL SUPPRESSIVENESS OF SOILS FROM WEST CENTRAL BRAZIL TO Rhizoctonia solani Kühn

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    Sheila Andrade Botelho

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Rhizoctonia solani é um fungo cosmopolita que habita o solo, com vasto número de hospedeiros, e causa importantes doenças na maioria das plantas cultivadas em todo o mundo. É uma espécie complexa, com muitos biotipos que diferem quanto à patogenicidade, aos hospedeiros, à distribuição na natureza e à aparência em meio de cultura. O feijoeiro comum é suscetível a este patógeno e a sua suscetibilidade é inversamente proporcional ao desenvolvimento da planta. A atividade microbiana de alguns solos pode prevenir o estabelecimento de fungos fitopatogênicos. Solos com esta propriedade são denominados antagônicos, de longa vida, resistentes ou supressivos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os níveis de supressividade natural a R. solani de alguns solos classificados como latossolo roxo, latossolo vermelho-escuro, areia quartzoza e latossolo roxo, respectivamente, coletados nos municípios de Itumbiara, Silvânia, Jussara e Santa Helena de Goiás, no Estado de Goiás, em três áreas contíguas com os seguintes históricos de uso: a solo cultivado com feijão irrigado via pivô central por mais de quatro anos consecutivos; b solo sob vegetação nativa; e c solo sob pastagem de Brachiaria decubens. Os solos foram coletados na camada de 0-20 cm e armazenados em casa de vegetação. Para a inoculação dos solos foram utilizados grãos de sorgo, inoculados com Rhizoctonia solani, em seis densidades – 0, 100, 500, 1.000, 5.000 e 10.000 propágulos/g de solo – e triturados. O experimento foi conduzido sob condições de casa de vegetação, em um delineamento de blocos completos casualizados e esquema fatorial 6 x 4 x 3. A unidade experimental foi constituída de bandejas plásticas com 4 kg de solo e 40 plantas. Quinze dias após a emergência, as plantas foram arrancadas e avaliadas

  11. Creencias de las profesoras de la Fundación Íntegramente. Un primer acercamiento al contexto sociocultural de la enseñanza de castellano a los inmigrantes de Santa Coloma de Gramenet

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    Hermes Diáz Ceniceros

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available La constante llegada de inmigrantes a Cataluña provenientes de diferentes partes de África, Medio Oriente y Asia ha llevado a la creación de centros de acogida en los cuales se les ayuda a estos a integrarse socialmente. Uno de los centros en la mancha urbana de Barcelona es la Fundación Integramenet en Santa Coloma de Gramenet. En este apareció la necesidad de dar clases de castellano a los inmigrantes con el apoyo de profesores voluntarios. En este trabajo conoceremos los sistemas de creencias de los profesores con el objetivo de tener un primer acercamiento a las aulas de esta fundación. El método de investigación que utilizamos es el etnográfico y la herramienta con la cual recogimos los datos fue la entrevista semiabierta. Estas entrevistas las obtuvimos de cuatro informantes que llamamos Zafo, Helena, Sofía y Tere. Cada una de las entrevistas estuvo estructurada en torno a los temas de: cómo la profesión del profesor voluntario se relaciona con el sistema de creencias del profesor; cómo la previa experiencia de aprendizaje de una L2 sirve para preparar las clases; cómo se valora la multiculturalidad, y cómo los profesores se identifican con los problemas de los alumnos. En las entrevistas encontramos que los sistemas de creencias de los profesores se ven determinados en gran medida por la profesión. En cuanto a la experiencia de aprender una L2 encontramos que esta se aprovecha cuando las creencias profesionales lo permiten. De esta manera concluimos señalando la importancia de continuar nuestros estudios etnográficos sobre las creencias de los profesores y alumnos, con el propósito de poder en un futuro crear material de apoyo adecuado para esta clase de aulas.--------------------------------------------------------The continuous arrival of immigrants to Catalonia, coming from different parts of Africa, Middle East and Asia, has led to the creation of reception centres (welcome centres to help new arrivals integrate

  12. Formas de carbono em Latossolo Vermelho Eutroférrico sob plantio direto no sistema biogeográfico do cerrado Carbon forms of a Typic Eutroferric Red Latossol under no-tillage in a savanna biogeographic system

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    M. E. C. Rosa

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar aspectos da física, química e da dinâmica de carbono de um Latossolo Vermelho Eutroférrico, sob diferentes condições de uso. Foram utilizados materiais de solo cultivado com plantio direto, irrigado e sequeiro, e sob floresta nativa, na região de Santa Helena de Goiás (GO. As amostras foram coletadas de camadas de 0,00-0,05, 0,05-0,10, 0,10-0,20, 0,20-0,30 e 0,30-0,40 m e separadas em agregados maiores e menores que 0,25 mm. Foram realizadas análises químicas e físicas para caracterização do solo e determinados o carbono orgânico total, o carbono mineralizável, o carbono da biomassa microbiana, o carbono solúvel em água e a matéria orgânica lábil. Os resultados, indicaram que o plantio direto não foi capaz de manter os níveis de carbono nos agregados, quando comparado ao solo sob floresta nativa; a matéria orgânica desempenhou papel relevante na formação e estabilização de agregados maiores que 0,25 mm; a porosidade, resistência ao penetrômetro e densidade do solo demonstraram que houve aumento da compactação do solo no sistema plantio direto, quando comparado ao solo sob floresta nativa, tendo a densidade se mostrado uma variável satisfatória para a avaliação de compactação no Latossolo Vermelho Eutroférrico; a matéria orgânica lábil apresentou potencial para ser utilizada em estudos de ciclagem de nutrientes e fenômenos de dispersão e floculação de argila.The objective of this study was to evaluate physical and chemical soil properties and organic carbon dynamics in a Typic Eutroferric Red Latossol under different land uses (no-till system, irrigated and non- irrigated crops, and native forest in the savanna region of Santa Helena de Goiás, Goiás State, Brazil. Samples were collected from five soil layers (0.0-0.05, 0.05-0.10, 0.10-0.20, 0.20-0.30, and 0.30-0.40 m and separated in aggregate size groups of above or below 0.25 mm. Chemical and physical

  13. Biométria de frutos e sementes de Luetzelburgia auriculata (Allemão Ducke

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    Roberto Ferreira Barroso

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A Caatinga apresenta uma grande diversidade de espécies vegetais, dentre elas Luetzelburgia auriculata é uma das espécies predominantes no bioma, desempenhando papel fundamental para o ecossistema local. Este trabalho objetivou descrever as características biométricas de frutos e sementes de Luetzelburgia auriculata.  Para a descrição das características da semente foram coletados 200 frutos e 200 sementes de plantas nativas do município de Santa Helena, Paraíba. As amostras foram encaminhadas ao Laboratório de Nutrição Mineral de Plantas do Centro de Saúde e Tecnologia Rural de Universidade Federal de Campina Grande para a realização das devidas aferições biométricas. Os frutos foram analisado pelo comprimento, espessura superior, mediana e inferior; largura superior, mediana e inferior. Para as sementes, foram analisados comprimento, espessura e a largura. Verificou-se que o comprimento dos frutos variou de 50,7 a 98,2 cm, a espessura de 6,00 a 17 mm e largura variando de 12,4 a 21,8 mm. Em relação às sementes, 46% se enquadraram na classe de comprimento com intervalo de 19,9 a 20,8 mm. A espécie Luetzelburgia auriculata apresentam variabilidade nas características biométricas de frutos e sementesBiometrics of fruit and seeds of Luetzelburgia auriculata (Allemão DuckeAbstract: The Caatinga presents a great diversity of plant species, among them the woodpecker (Luetzelburgia auriculata (Allemao Ducke. is one of the predominant species in the biome, playing a fundament al role for the local ecosystem. This work aimed to describe the biometric characteristics of fruits and seeds of Pau de Pedra. For the description of the characteristics of the Luetzelburgia auriculata (Allemão Ducke seed, 200 fruits and 200 seeds of native plants of the municipality of Santa Helena, Paraíba state were collected for biometry and seed mass. Afterwards they were packed in plastic bags and properly identified and taken to Laboratório de

  14. Mantle End-Members: The Trace Element Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willbold, M.; Stracke, A.; Hofmann, A. W.

    2004-12-01

    On the basis of their isotopic composition, ocean island basalts (OIB) have been classified into three to four end-members; HIMU with the most radiogenic Pb isotope ratios of OIB and Enriched Mantle 1 and 2 (EM1, EM2) with less radiogenic but variable Pb isotope and highly radiogenic Sr isotope signatures. It has also been argued that each of these isotopic families has common trace element characteristics that distinguish them from one another and so substantiated this classification. Here, we present new high-precision trace element data for samples from St. Helena, Tristan da Cunha and Gough in the Atlantic Ocean. The overall data-set is augmented by OIB data from the GEOROC database and includes data from all major isotopic families (HIMU: St. Helena, Mangaia, Tubuai, and Rururtu; EM1: Tristan da Cunha, Gough, Pitcairn; and EM2: Samoa, Marquesas, and Society). For each locality we use only islands defining the most extreme isotopic compositions. The entire data-set has been screened to exclude altered and highly differentiated samples. HIMU basalts have a very uniform trace element composition. Compared to HIMU-type basalts, EM-type basalts are enriched in Rb, Ba, and K, and depleted in U, Nb, and Ta, relative to La. Different EM-type OIBs from the same isotopic family (EM1 or EM2), have distinct trace element characteristics that can ultimately only be caused by different source compositions. For example, Ba/Th ratios in samples from both Tristan da Cunha (EM1) and Samoa (EM2) are similarly high (ca. 110) whereas Ba/Th ratios in samples from Pitcairn (EM1) and Society (EM2) samples are consistently lower (ca. 70). Thus on the basis of their trace element composition, EM-type OIB cannot be classified into EM1 and EM2 type basalts, nor can any other grouping be identified. The remarkably uniform isotopic and trace element composition of HIMU-type basalts suggests derivation from a single common source reservoir, most likely subduction-modified oceanic crust

  15. Produção de biomassa por cultivos de cobertura do solo e produtividade do algodoeiro em plantio direto Cover crops biomass production and cotton yield in no-tillage system

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    Alexandre Cunha de Barcellos Ferreira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a produção, a persistência da matéria seca e a eficiência da dessecação em espécies vegetais utilizadas para cultivos de cobertura do solo, e quantificar seus efeitos sobre a produtividade do algodoeiro em plantio direto. O trabalho foi realizado em Santa Helena de Goiás, GO, com 16 tratamentos: Panicum maximum, cultivares Mombaça, Tanzânia e Massai; Urochloa brizantha, cultivares Piatã, Xaraés, Marandu e MG4; U. decumbens; Paspalum atratum cv. Pojuca; Sorghum bicolor cultivares Santa Eliza e BRS 700; Pennisetum glaucum cv. ADR 500; Raphanus sativus; Eleusine coracana, Crotalaria spectabilis, além da testemunha em pousio. As espécies foram semeadas no início de março (2007. As espécies com menores produtividades e persistência da matéria seca foram C. spectabilis, E. coracana e R. sativus. As produtividades de algodão em caroço e fibra foram maiores no cultivo sobre palhas residuais das cultivares Tanzânia e Mombaça de P. maximum, em comparação às observadas com uso de P. atratum cv. Pojuca, R. sativus e pousio. Em geral, S. bicolor, P. glaucum e as cultivares Tanzânia e Mombaça de P. maximum, e MG4, Piatã e Xaraés de U. brizantha apresentam produção e persistência da matéria seca adequadas para o cultivo do algodoeiro no sistema de plantio direto, no cerrado brasileiro.The objectives of this work were to evaluate biomass production and persistence and the desiccation efficiency in plant species used as cover crops, and to quantify its effects on cotton yield in a no-tillage system. The study was carried out in Santa Helena de Goiás, GO, Brazil, using 16 plant species: Panicum maximum, cultivars Mombaça, Tanzânia and Massai; Urochloa brizantha, cultivars Piatã, Xaraés, Marandu and MG4; U. decumbens; Paspalum atratum cv. Pojuca; Sorghum bicolor cultivars Santa Eliza and BRS 700; Pennisetum glaucum cv. ADR 500; Raphanus sativus; Eleusine coracana, Crotalaria spectabilis

  16. Suffocating phytoplankton, suffocating waters - red tides and anoxia

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    Grant Colborne Pitcher

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The dynamics of O2 depletion in exceptional dinoflagellate blooms, often referred to as red tides or harmful algal blooms (HABs, was investigated in St Helena Bay in the southern Benguela upwelling system in 2013. The transition to bloom decay and anoxia was examined through determination of O2-based productivity and respiration rates. Changes in O2 concentrations in relation to bloom metabolism were tracked by fast response optical sensors following incubation of red tide waters in large volume light-and-dark polycarbonate carboys. Concurrent measurements of nutrients and nutrient uptake rates served to assess the role of nutrient stressors in community metabolism and bloom mortality. The estimates of community productivity and respiration are among the highest values recorded. Nutrient concentrations were found to be low and were unlikely to meet the demands of the bloom as dictated by the rates of nutrient uptake. Ratios of community respiration to gross production were particularly high ranging from 0.6 – 0.73 and are considered to be a function of the inherently high cellular respiration rates of dinoflagellates. Nighttime community respiration was shown to be capable of removing as much as 17.34 ml O2 l-1 from surface waters. These exceptional rates of O2 utilization are likely in some cases to exceed the rate of O2 replenishment via air-water exchange thereby leading overnight to conditions of anoxia. These conditions of nighttime anoxia and nutrient starvation are likely triggers of cell death and bloom mortality further fueling the microbial foodweb and consumption of O2.

  17. El lenguaje como campo de batalla. La expresión americana kuika según Gamaliel Churata

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    Dorian Espezúa Salmón

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available : La reciente edición crítica de El pez de oro (EPO, hecha por Helena Usandizaga y publicada por la prestigiosa editorial española Cátedra en el 2012, ha convertido a Gamaliel Churata (Arturo Peralta Miranda en un escritor canónico no sólo en la literatura peruana sino también en el ámbito de la literatura latinoamericana. En efecto, Churata ha pasado de ser un escritor de culto, prácticamente no leído y menos entendido, a ser un escritor difundido y estudiado a nivel internacional por investigadores de todos los continentes. La fama del escritor puneño nacido en Arequipa está precedida por la sorprendente actividad que desempeñó en Puno (pequeña ciudad altiplánica peruana a más de 3800 metros sobre el nivel del mar y a orillas del lago Titikaka el Grupo Orkopata (GO, que publicó entre agosto de 1926 y junio de 1930 el famoso Boletín Titikaka (BT. Es por todos sabido que el BT fue el medio de difusión de las más importantes manifestaciones de la vanguardia andina peruana y, tal vez, latinoamericana. Me propongo en este artículo comprender, analizar, caracterizar e interpretar la propuesta lingüística de Churata que aparece primordialmente en la primera parte de su ya consagrado libro EPO, publicado en 1957 pero escrito desde 1927, con el título de HOMILÍA DEL KHORI CHALLWA.

  18. FOREWORD: 18th International School on Condensed Matter Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimova-Malinovska, Doriana; Genova, Julia; Nesheva, Diana; Petrov, Alexander G.; Primatarowa, Marina T.

    2014-12-01

    We are delighted to present the Proceedings of the 18th International School on Condensed Matter Physics: Challenges of Nanoscale Science: Theory, Materials, Applications, organized by the Institute of Solid State Physics of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and chaired by Professor Alexander G Petrov. On this occasion the School was held in memory of Professor Nikolay Kirov (1943-2013), former Director of the Institute and Chairman between 1991 and 1998. The 18ISCMP was one of several events dedicated to the 145th anniversary of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in 2014, and was held in the welcoming Black Sea resort of St. Constantine and Helena near Varna, at the Hotel and Congress Centre Frederic Joliot-Curie. Participants from 16 countries delivered 32 invited lectures, and 71 contributed posters were presented over three lively and well-attended evening sessions. Manuscripts submitted to the Proceedings were refereed in accordance with the guidelines of the Journal of Physics: Conference Series, and we believe the papers published herein testify to the high technical quality and diversity of contributions. A satellite meeting, Transition Metal Oxide Thin Films - Functional Layers in Smart Windows and Water Splitting Devices: Technology and Optoelectronic Properties was held in parallel with the School (http://www.inera.org, 3-6 Sept 2014). This activity, which took place under the FP7-funded project INERA, offered opportunities for crossdisciplinary discussions and exchange of ideas between both sets of participants. As always, a major factor in the success of the 18ISCMP was the social programme, headed by the organized events (Welcome and Farewell Parties) and enhanced in no small measure by a variety of pleasant local restaurants, bars and beaches. We are most grateful to staff of the Journal of Physics: Conference Series for their continued support for the School, this being the third occasion on which the Proceedings have been published under its

  19. Validación del cuestionario International Fitness Scale (IFIS en sujetos colombianos de entre 18 y 30 años de edad

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    Mayra Nathalie Español Moya

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: El cuestionario de auto-reporte de la condición física. The International FItness Scale (IFIS version 5 items fue creado como parte del proyecto financiado por la union europea Study Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA. El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar en jovenes colombianos su estabilidad temporal, consistencia interna, el grado de acuerdo y su aplicabilidad . Métodos: Un total de 2.340 sujetos (1.376 mujeres y 964 varones entre 18 y 30 anos de edad completaron el cuestionario IFIS. El coeficiente de correlacion intraclase (CCI y el grado de acuerdo se calcularon para evaluar la estabilidad temporal con un periodo de 7 dias entre ambas administraciones. Como indicador de la consistencia interna de la escala se estimo el alpha cronbach y para medir el porcentaje de ocasiones en que las personas suministraron el mismo resultado se calculo el grado de acuerdo. Resultados: El cuestionario IFIS mostro a nivel global un alfa de cronbach de 0,80 y un rango del CCI entre 0,90-0,96. El porcentaje de acuerdo por todos los conceptos individuales vario de 77 a 86%. El tiempo medio (± DE para el diligenciamiento de cuestionario fue de 3 minutos y 47 segundos (± 2 minutos. Conclusiones: El cuestionario IFIS mostro alta consistencia interna y estabilidad temporal que avalan la utilizacion de este instrumento en jovenes colombianos. El IFIS esta disponible para evaluar su utilidad y aplicabilidad en América Latina.

  20. Fifteen Challenges in Establishing a Multidisciplinary Research Program on eHealth Research in a University Setting: A Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grönqvist, Helena; Olsson, Erik Martin Gustaf; Johansson, Birgitta; Held, Claes; Sjöström, Jonas; Lindahl Norberg, Annika; Hovén, Emma; Sanderman, Robbert; van Achterberg, Theo; von Essen, Louise

    2017-05-23

    U-CARE is a multidisciplinary eHealth research program that involves the disciplines of caring science, clinical psychology, health economics, information systems, and medical science. It was set up from scratch in a university setting in 2010, funded by a governmental initiative. While establishing the research program, many challenges were faced. Systematic documentation of experiences from establishing new research environments is scarce. The aim of this paper was to describe the challenges of establishing a publicly funded multidisciplinary eHealth research environment. Researchers involved in developing the research program U-CARE identified challenges in the formal documentation and by reflecting on their experience of developing the program. The authors discussed the content and organization of challenges into themes until consensus was reached. The authors identified 15 major challenges, some general to establishing a new research environment and some specific for multidisciplinary eHealth programs. The challenges were organized into 6 themes: Organization, Communication, Implementation, Legislation, Software development, and Multidisciplinarity. Several challenges were faced during the development of the program and several accomplishments were made. By sharing our experience, we hope to help other research groups embarking on a similar journey to be prepared for some of the challenges they are likely to face on their way. ©Helena Grönqvist, Erik Martin Gustaf Olsson, Birgitta Johansson, Claes Held, Jonas Sjöström, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Emma Hovén, Robbert Sanderman, Theo van Achterberg, Louise von Essen. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 23.05.2017.

  1. The Cutoff Level for Urine Protein in Urine Immunofixation Electrophoresis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellidag, Hamit Yasar; Curek, Gulten; Eren, Esin; Aydin, Ozgur; Yilmaz, Necat

    2015-01-01

    Immunofixation electrophoresis (IFE) maintains its importance in diagnosing monoclonal gammopathies. In particular, urine IFE detects free light chains (FLC) in urine samples even at low concentrations and offers higher sensitivity compared to serum electrophoresis and serum IFE. The aim of the present study was to determine the place and significance of quantitative urinary protein measurement before IFE in interpreting the results of subsequent IFE and to determine the most appropriate protein concentrations for the appearance of bands. The records of a total of 600 patients, who underwent screening for Bence Jones proteinuria using IFE on 24-hour urine, were retrospectively reviewed. Urine IFE was performed using Helena SAS-I and SAS-I devices. The total protein concentration in the urine was quantitatively determined by the Pyrogallol red method, and the urine albumin level was determined using the immunoturbidimetric method. These analyses were measured on an Olympus/Beckmann AU5800. The evaluation of IFE results revealed that 311 patients had normal results, 108 patients had monoclonal bands, five patients had biclonal bands, 28 had polyclonal bands, and 148 patients had various degrees of proteinuria. ROC curves were created in order to determine the most appropriate urinary protein and albumin levels to observe bands in IFE. Accordingly, urine baseline protein level (mg/dL) showed the highest AUC value (cutoff value: 19.4 mg/dL, sensitivity: 92%, specificity: 98.2%, AUC: 0.972). The present study showed that quantitative protein measurement before IFE eliminated the disadvantages associated with the IFE method and its interpretation.

  2. Multiple enrichment of the Carpathian-Pannonian mantle: Pb-Sr-Nd isotope and trace element constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbaum, Jeffrey M.; Wilson, Marjorie; Downes, Hilary

    1997-07-01

    Pb isotope compositions of acid-leached clinopyroxene and amphibole mineral separates from spinel peridotite mantle xenoliths entrained in Tertiary-Quaternary alkali basalts from the Carpathian-Pannonian Region of eastern Europe provide important constraints on the processes of metasomatic enrichment of the mantle lithosphere in an extensional tectonic setting associated with recent subduction. Principal component analysis of Pb-Sr-Nd isotope and rare earth element compositions of the pyroxenes is used to identify the geochemical characteristics of the original lithospheric mantle protolith and a spectrum of infiltrating metasomatic agents including subduction-related aqueous fluids and silicate melts derived from a subduction-modified mantle wedge which contains a St. Helena-type (HIMU) plume component. The mantle protolith is highly depleted relative to mid-ocean ridge basalt-source mantle with Pb-Nd-Sr isotope compositions consistent with an ancient depletion event. Silicate melt infiltration into the protolith accounts for the primary variance in the Pb-Sr-Nd isotope compositions of the xenoliths and has locally generated metasomatic amphibole. Infiltration of aqueous fluids has introduced radiogenic Pb and Sr without significantly perturbing the rare earth element signature of the protolith. The Pb isotope compositions of the fluid-modified xenoliths suggest that they reacted with aqueous fluids released from a subduction zone which had equilibrated with sediment derived from an ancient basement terrain. We propose a model for mantle lithosphere evolution consistent with available textural and geochemical data for the xenolith population. The Pb-Sr-Nd isotope compositions of both alkaline mafic magmas and rare, subduction-related, calc-alkaline basaltic andesites from the region provide important constraints for the nature of the asthenospheric mantle wedge and confirm the presence of a HIMU plume component. These silicate melts contribute to the metasomatism

  3. Favorability for uranium in tertiary sedimentary rocks, southwestern Montana

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wopat, M.A.; Curry, W.E.; Robins, J.W.; Marjaniemi, D.K.

    1977-10-01

    Tertiary sedimentary rocks in the basins of southwestern Montana were studied to determine their favorability for potential uranium resources. Uranium in the Tertiary sedimentary rocks was probably derived from the Boulder batholith and from silicic volcanic material. The batholith contains numerous uranium occurrences and is the most favorable plutonic source for uranium in the study area. Subjective favorability categories of good, moderate, and poor, based on the number and type of favorable criteria present, were used to classify the rock sequences studied. Rocks judged to have good favorability for uranium deposits are (1) Eocene and Oligocene strata and undifferentiated Tertiary rocks in the western Three Forks basin and (2) Oligocene rocks in the Helena basin. Rocks having moderate favorability consist of (1) Eocene and Oligocene strata in the Jefferson River, Beaverhead River, and lower Ruby River basins, (2) Oligocene rocks in the Townsend and Clarkston basins, (3) Miocene and Pliocene rocks in the Upper Ruby River basin, and (4) all Tertiary sedimentary formations in the eastern Three Forks basin, and in the Grasshopper Creek, Horse Prairie, Medicine Lodge Creek, Big Sheep Creek, Deer Lodge, Big Hole River, and Bull Creek basins. The following have poor favorability: (1) the Beaverhead Conglomerate in the Red Rock and Centennial basins, (2) Eocene and Oligocene rocks in the Upper Ruby River basin, (3) Miocene and Pliocene rocks in the Townsend, Clarkston, Smith River, and Divide Creek basins, (4) Miocene through Pleistocene rocks in the Jefferson River, Beaverhead River, and Lower Ruby River basins, and (5) all Tertiary sedimentary rocks in the Boulder River, Sage Creek, Muddy Creek, Madison River, Flint Creek, Gold Creek, and Bitterroot basins

  4. Reading characteristics of deaf and hard-of-hearing pupils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karić Jasmina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Speech motor mechanisms play a crucial role in the process of demutization, due to the fact that they cover all the elements of the successive development of spech production movements leading to speech formation (socalled kinesthesia in speach. The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of perceptual motor actions on the cognitive process of reading in 130 students in regular schools and schools for the deaf and hard-of-hearing children in the Republic of Serbia. Methods. Kostić and Vladisavljević test consisted of the ten levels weight was used for the assessment of reading speed. To assess understanding of text read by verbal responses, we used three-dimensional adapted reading test of Helene Sax. Results. The triage-articulation test for assessing reading speed (Kostić and Vladisavljević’s test according to the weight of ten levels, revealed that students in regular schools statistically significantly faster read texts as compared to the deaf students. The results of the threedimensional adapted reading test of Helena Sax, show that the words learned by deaf children exist in isolation in their mind, ie, if there is no standard of acoustic performance for graphic image, in deaf child every word, printed or written, is just the sum of letters without meaning. Conclusion. There is a significant difference in text reading speed and its understanding among the children who hear and the deaf and hard of-hearing children. It is essential that in deaf and heard-of hearing children education, apart from the development of speech, parallelly use the concept of semantic processing in order to get each word by the fullness of its content and the possibility of expanding its meaning in a variety of assets.

  5. The population history of endogenous retroviruses in mule deer (Odocoileus heminous)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamath, Pauline L.; Elleder, Daniel; Bao, Le; Cross, Paul C.; Powell, John H.; Poss, Mary

    2013-01-01

    Mobile elements are powerful agents of genomic evolution and can be exceptionally informative markers for investigating species and population-level evolutionary history. While several studies have utilized retrotransposon-based insertional polymorphisms to resolve phylogenies, few population studies exist outside of humans. Endogenous retroviruses are LTR-retrotransposons derived from retroviruses that have become stably integrated in the host genome during past infections and transmitted vertically to subsequent generations. They offer valuable insight into host-virus co-evolution and a unique perspective on host evolutionary history because they integrate into the genome at a discrete point in time. We examined the evolutionary history of a cervid endogenous gammaretrovirus (CrERVγ) in mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus). We sequenced 14 CrERV proviruses (CrERV-in1 to -in14), and examined the prevalence and distribution of 13 proviruses in 262 deer among 15 populations from Montana, Wyoming, and Utah. CrERV absence in white-tailed deer (O. virginianus), identical 5′ and 3′ long terminal repeat (LTR) sequences, insertional polymorphism, and CrERV divergence time estimates indicated that most endogenization events occurred within the last 200000 years. Population structure inferred from CrERVs (F ST = 0.008) and microsatellites (θ = 0.01) was low, but significant, with Utah, northwestern Montana, and a Helena herd being particularly differentiated. Clustering analyses indicated regional structuring, and non-contiguous clustering could often be explained by known translocations. Cluster ensemble results indicated spatial localization of viruses, specifically in deer from northeastern and western Montana. This study demonstrates the utility of endogenous retroviruses to elucidate and provide novel insight into both ERV evolutionary history and the history of contemporary host populations.

  6. The population history of endogenous retroviruses in mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamath, Pauline L; Elleder, Daniel; Bao, Le; Cross, Paul C; Powell, John H; Poss, Mary

    2014-01-01

    Mobile elements are powerful agents of genomic evolution and can be exceptionally informative markers for investigating species and population-level evolutionary history. While several studies have utilized retrotransposon-based insertional polymorphisms to resolve phylogenies, few population studies exist outside of humans. Endogenous retroviruses are LTR-retrotransposons derived from retroviruses that have become stably integrated in the host genome during past infections and transmitted vertically to subsequent generations. They offer valuable insight into host-virus co-evolution and a unique perspective on host evolutionary history because they integrate into the genome at a discrete point in time. We examined the evolutionary history of a cervid endogenous gammaretrovirus (CrERVγ) in mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus). We sequenced 14 CrERV proviruses (CrERV-in1 to -in14), and examined the prevalence and distribution of 13 proviruses in 262 deer among 15 populations from Montana, Wyoming, and Utah. CrERV absence in white-tailed deer (O. virginianus), identical 5' and 3' long terminal repeat (LTR) sequences, insertional polymorphism, and CrERV divergence time estimates indicated that most endogenization events occurred within the last 200000 years. Population structure inferred from CrERVs (F ST = 0.008) and microsatellites (θ = 0.01) was low, but significant, with Utah, northwestern Montana, and a Helena herd being particularly differentiated. Clustering analyses indicated regional structuring, and non-contiguous clustering could often be explained by known translocations. Cluster ensemble results indicated spatial localization of viruses, specifically in deer from northeastern and western Montana. This study demonstrates the utility of endogenous retroviruses to elucidate and provide novel insight into both ERV evolutionary history and the history of contemporary host populations.

  7. Energy systems scenario modelling and long term forecasting of hourly electricity demand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poul Alberg Østergaard

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Danish energy system is undergoing a transition from a system based on storable fossil fuels to a system based on fluctuating renewable energy sources. At the same time, more of and more of the energy system is becoming electrified; transportation, heating and fuel usage in industry and elsewhere. This article investigates the development of the Danish energy system in a medium year 2030 situation as well as in a long-term year 2050 situation. The analyses are based on scenario development by the Danish Climate Commission. In the short term, it is investigated what the effects will be of having flexible or inflexible electric vehicles and individual heat pumps, and in the long term it is investigated what the effects of changes in the load profiles due to changing weights of demand sectors are. The analyses are based on energy systems simulations using EnergyPLAN and demand forecasting using the Helena model. The results show that even with a limited short-term electric car fleet, these will have a significant effect on the energy system; the energy system’s ability to integrated wind power and the demand for condensing power generation capacity in the system. Charging patterns and flexibility have significant effects on this. Likewise, individual heat pumps may affect the system operation if they are equipped with heat storages. The analyses also show that the long-term changes in electricity demand curve profiles have little impact on the energy system performance. The flexibility given by heat pumps and electric vehicles in the long-term future overshadows any effects of changes in hourly demand curve profiles.

  8. Preliminary study of uranium favorability of the Boulder batholith, Montana

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castor, S.B.; Robins, J.W.

    1978-01-01

    The Boulder batholith of southwestern Montana is a composite Late Cretaceous intrusive mass, mostly composed of quartz monzonite and granodiorite. This study was not restricted to the plutonic rocks; it also includes younger rocks that overlie the batholith, and older rocks that it intrudes. The Boulder batholith area has good overall potential for economic uranium deposits, because its geology is similar to that of areas that contain economic deposits elsewhere in the world, and because at least 35 uranium occurrences of several different types are present. Potential is greatest for the occurrence of small uranium deposits in chalcedony veins and base-metal sulfide veins. Three areas may be favorable for large, low-grade deposits consisting of a number of closely spaced chalcedony veins and enriched wall rock; the Mooney claims, the Boulder area, and the Clancy area. In addition, there is a good possibility of by-product uranium production from phosphatic black shales in the project area. The potential for uranium deposits in breccia masses that cut prebatholith rocks, in manganese-quartz veins near Butte, and in a shear zone that cuts Tertiary rhyolite near Helena cannot be determined on the basis of available information. Low-grade, disseminated, primary uranium concentrations similar to porphyry deposits proposed by Armstrong (1974) may exist in the Boulder batholith, but the primary uranium content of most batholith rocks is low. The geologic environment adjacent to the Boulder batholith is similar in places to that at the Midnite mine in Washington. Some igneous rocks in the project area contain more than 10 ppM U 3 O 8 , and some metasedimentary rocks near the batholith contain reductants such as sulfides and carbonaceous material

  9. Leptin status in adolescence is associated with academic performance in high school: a cross-sectional study in a Chilean birth cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa-Burrows, Paulina; Blanco, Estela; Reyes, Marcela; Castillo, Marcela; Peirano, Patricio; Algarín, Cecilia; Lozoff, Betsy; Gahagan, Sheila; Burrows, Raquel

    2016-10-18

    Leptin is a pleiotropic hormone associated with learning and memory via brain receptors. However, elevated plasma leptin levels may impair cognitive and memory functions. Since individual differences in memory performance affect students' ability to learn, we aimed to study the relation between leptin status in adolescence and school performance. We studied 568 adolescents aged 16-17 years from Santiago. A cross-sectional analysis was carried out on a birth cohort conducted in Santiago (Chile). We measured serum leptin concentration using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Cut-offs from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study for 16-year-olds were used to define abnormally high leptin levels (hyperleptinaemia). Academic performance was measured using high-school grades and grade point average (GPA). Data were collected in 2009-2012; data analysis was performed in 2014. 15% of participants had hyperleptinaemia. They had significantly lower school grades and GPA compared with participants with normal leptin levels (eg, GPA mean difference=33.8 points). Leptin levels were negative and significantly correlated with school grades in 9th, 10th and 12th. Similarly, it was negatively correlated with high-school GPA. After controlling for health, sociodemographic and education confounders, the chances of having a performance ≥75th centile in students having hyperleptinaemia were 32% (95% CI 0.19% to 0.89%) that of students having normal serum leptin concentration. In high school students, abnormally high levels of leptin were associated with poorer academic performance. These findings support the idea of a relationship between leptin and cognition. Further research is needed on the cognitive effects of leptin in younger populations. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  10. Subspecies of Hypolepis rugosula (Dennstaedtiaceae; Pteridophyta around the world: morphological and biogeographic perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Bond Schwartsburd

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The "Hypolepis rugosula complex" has been the subject of great debate among pteridologists: some have considered H. rugosula a single subcosmopolitan (or circum-Antarctic species, whereas others have considered it a species-complex, encompassing several species. In the 1920s and 1930s, four geographically distinct varietiesof H. rugosula were recognized. In this work, we present a new taxonomy (with new combinations and statuses, as well as typification and full synonymy, together with complete distribution data for the species, with an infraspecific classification based on morphological and biogeographic perspectives. Hypolepis rugosula occurs in southern temperate regions and high-elevation tropical regions of the Americas, Africa (including Madagascar, Oceania and the Philippines, as well as in some isolated oceanic volcanic islands (e.g., Saint Helena and Tristan da Cunha. Here, 15 geographically distinct subspecies are recognized. All subspecies are geographically segregated from each other, except in New Zealand, where two occur sympatrically-possibly due to two different arrival and colonization times. Four patterns of "indument" (referring to catenate and glandular hairs collectively are distinguished. Different lineages are successful in their respective habitats; we observed two lineages with different ploidy levels (tetraploid and octoploid. Although long-distance dispersal is the best explanation for the extant distribution of H. rugosula;we do not exclude vicariance as a possible explanation for their occurrence on the land masses that were once united as Gondwana. Therefore, we are assuming that a fern species could remain unchanged for more than 70 Myr, and we are adopting the refugia theory, albeit with a different focus.

  11. Preliminary study of uranium favorability of the Boulder batholith, Montana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castor, S.B.; Robins, J.W.

    1978-01-01

    The Boulder batholith of southwestern Montana is a composite Late Cretaceous intrusive mass, mostly composed of quartz monzonite and granodiorite. This study was not restricted to the plutonic rocks; it also includes younger rocks that overlie the batholith, and older rocks that it intrudes. The Boulder batholith area has good overall potential for economic uranium deposits, because its geology is similar to that of areas that contain economic deposits elsewhere in the world, and because at least 35 uranium occurrences of several different types are present. Potential is greatest for the occurrence of small uranium deposits in chalcedony veins and base-metal sulfide veins. Three areas may be favorable for large, low-grade deposits consisting of a number of closely spaced chalcedony veins and enriched wall rock; the Mooney claims, the Boulder area, and the Clancy area. In addition, there is a good possibility of by-product uranium production from phosphatic black shales in the project area. The potential for uranium deposits in breccia masses that cut prebatholith rocks, in manganese-quartz veins near Butte, and in a shear zone that cuts Tertiary rhyolite near Helena cannot be determined on the basis of available information. Low-grade, disseminated, primary uranium concentrations similar to porphyry deposits proposed by Armstrong (1974) may exist in the Boulder batholith, but the primary uranium content of most batholith rocks is low. The geologic environment adjacent to the Boulder batholith is similar in places to that at the Midnite mine in Washington. Some igneous rocks in the project area contain more than 10 ppM U/sub 3/O/sub 8/, and some metasedimentary rocks near the batholith contain reductants such as sulfides and carbonaceous material.

  12. The relationship between socioeconomic status and beverage consumption in children: The Cuenca Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milla Tobarra, Marta; García Hermoso, Antonio; Lahoz García, Noelia; Notario Pacheco, Blanca; Lucas de la Cruz, Lidia; Pozuelo Carrascosa, Diana P; García Meseguer, María José; Martínez Vizcaíno, Vicente A

    2018-01-19

    beverage consumption constitutes a source of children's daily energy intake. Some authors have suggested that consumption of caloric beverages is higher in children with a low socioeconomic position because families limit their spending on healthy food in order to save money. the aim of this study was to explore the relationship between socioeconomic status and Spanish children's beverage consumption. a cross-sectional study was conducted in a sub-sample of 182 children (74 girls) aged 9-11 from the province of Cuenca (Spain). Beverage consumption was assessed using the YANA-C assessment tool, validated for HELENA study. Data for parental socioeconomic status were gathered by using self-reported occupation and education questions answered by parents and classified according to the scale proposed by the Spanish Society of Epidemiology. beverage intake was higher in children belonging to a middle-status family than in those of upper socioeconomic status (p = 0.037). The energy from beverages was similar in most water intake categories, except for water from beverages (p = 0.046). Regarding other beverages categories, middle-status children had higher consumption levels. In contrast, lower status children drank more fruit juices and skimmed milk. All of these do not show statistically significant differences. our study did not find significant associations between beverages consumption and socioeconomic status in children. In fact, intake for most beverage categories was higher in middle-status children than in both other socioeconomic groups. Future research is needed in order to identify this complex relation between socioeconomic inequality and beverage intake behavior.

  13. [Reading characteristics of deaf and hard-of-hearing pupils].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karić, Jasmina; Ristić, Sinisa; Medenica, Snezana; Tadić, Vaska; Slavnić, Svetlana

    2012-10-01

    Speech motor mechanisms play a crucial role in the process of demutization, due to the fact that they cover all the elements of the successive development of spech production movements leading to speech formation (so-called kinesthesia in speach). The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of perceptual motor actions on the cognitive process of reading in 130 students in regular schools and schools for the deaf and hard-of-hearing children in the Republic of Serbia. Kostić and Vladisavljević test consisted of the ten levels weight was used for the assessment of reading speed. To assess understanding of text read by verbal responses, we used three-dimensional adapted reading test of Helene Sax. The triage-articulation test for assessing reading speed (Kostié and Vladisavljević's test according to the weight of ten levels, revealed that students in regular schools statistically significantly faster read texts as compared to the deaf students. The results of the three-dimensional adapted reading test of Helena Sax, show that the words learned by deaf children exist in isolation in their mind, i.e., if there is no standard of acoustic performance for graphic image, in deaf child every word, printed or written, is just the sum of letters without meaning. There is a significant difference in text reading speed and its understanding among the children who hear and the deaf and hard-of-hearing children. It is essential that in deaf and heard-of-hearing children education, apart from the development of speech, parallelly use the concept of semantic processing in order to get each word by the fullness of its content and the possibility of expanding its meaning in a variety of assets.

  14. The prevalence of the platelet glycoprotein VI polymorphisms in patients with sticky platelet syndrome and ischemic stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubisz, Peter; Ivanková, Jela; Škereňová, Mária; Staško, Ján; Hollý, Pavol

    2012-11-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the genetic variability of the GP6 gene in patients with sticky platelet syndrome (SPS), a disorder characterized by platelet hyperaggregability, and thus to identify the genetic changes of the glycoprotein VI with possible relation to the platelet hyperaggregability. Seventy-one patients with SPS, clinically manifested as ischemic stroke, and 77 controls without SPS and with negative personal history of thromboembolic events were involved. SPS was diagnosed by platelet aggregometry (PACKS-4 aggregometer, Helena Laboratories) according to the method and criteria described by Mammen and Bick. Seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the GP6 gene (rs1654410, rs1671153, rs1654419, rs11669150, rs1613662, rs12610286, and rs1654431) were evaluated with the use of restriction-fragment-length polymorphism analysis. All allele and genotype frequencies were comparable between both SPS patients and the control group with no statistically significant differences. The haplotype analysis showed a higher occurrence of the one major haplotype (TTGTGA, 0.228 vs. 0.174; odds ratio (OR) 1.421; confidence interval (CI) 0.799-2.526) and two minor haplotypes (CGATAA, 0,026 vs. 0,006; OR 4.117; CI 0.443-38.25; TTGTGG, 0.018 vs. 0.009; OR 2.107; CI 0.259-17.12) in patients with SPS. None of haplotype differences was statistically significant. However, both the allele G of SNP rs12610286 (P = 0.029; OR 2.411; CI 1.134-5.123) and one major haplotype (TTGTGA; P = 0.012; OR 2.749; CI 1.223-6.174) were found significantly more frequent in patients with SPS type I in comparison with controls. Our results, especially higher occurrence of four haplotypes in SPS patients, can support an idea that variability of the GP6 gene may be associated with the platelet hyperaggregability in SPS.

  15. Assessment of platelet function in healthy sedated cats using three whole blood platelet function tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Kimberly K; Abrams-Ogg, Anthony C G; Wood, R Darren; O'Sullivan, M Lynne; Kirby, Gordon M; Blois, Shauna L

    2015-05-01

    The objectives of this study were to establish feline references intervals for 3 commercial whole blood platelet function test analyzer systems: Multiplate analyzer (MP; Roche Diagnostics International Ltd., Rotkreuz, Switzerland), Platelet Function Analyzer-100 (PF: Siemens Canada, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada), and Plateletworks Combo-25 kit (PW; Helena Laboratories, Beaumont, TX). Venipuncture was performed on 55 healthy sedated cats, and platelet aggregation in response to adenosine diphosphate (ADP), collagen (COL), and arachidonic acid (AA; MP only) was assessed using citrated blood. For the MP analyzer, median (95% confidence intervals [CIs]) area under curve (Units) for ADP, COL, and AA agonists were 87 (11-176), 81 (32-129), and 91 (59-129), respectively. For the PF analyzer, median (95% CIs) closure time, using COL-ADP cartridges, was 69 (46-89) sec. For the PW assay, median (95% CIs) percent aggregations for ADP and COL agonists were 71 (18-92) and 49 (9-96), respectively, using impedance hematology analyzer platelet counts, and 94 (25-98) and 68 (14-119), respectively, using flow cytometry hematology analyzer platelet counts. There were low correlations between the PF analyzer (COL-ADP cartridge) and MP analyzer (COL agonist; ρ = 0.11), and between the PF analyzer (COL-ADP cartridge) and PW assay (COL agonist using impedance platelet counts; ρ = 0.14). The PW assay percent aggregations using impedance and flow cytometric platelet counts were correlated for both ADP (ρ = 0.64) and COL (ρ = 0.64) agonists. Platelet function testing using these tests are feasible in cats, but 95% CIs are wide, so single results may be difficult to interpret. Platelet counting by impedance or flow cytometry may be used for the PW assay but are not interchangeable. © 2015 The Author(s).

  16. Pleomorphic lobular carcinoma: is it more similar to a classic lobular cancer or to a high-grade ductal cancer?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costarelli L

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Leopoldo Costarelli, Domenico Campagna, Alessandra Ascarelli, Francesco Cavaliere, Maria Helena Colavito, Tatiana Ponzani, Laura Broglia, Massimo La Pinta, Elena Manna, Lucio Fortunato Breast Unit, San Giovanni-Addolorata Hospital, Rome, Italy Background: Pleomorphic invasive lobular carcinoma (P-ILC is an uncommon variety of invasive lobular carcinoma with aggressive clinical features. Little is described in the literature regarding this topic.Materials and methods: We reviewed our experiences from 2010 to 2015 and compared 40 patients with P-ILC, 126 patients with classic-ILC (C-ILC and 574 cases of high-grade invasive ductal carcinoma (HG-IDC. We studied the histologic and immunohistochemical features, clinical presentation and surgical treatment.Results: P-ILC is diagnosed at the same age and tumor diameter as those of the other two histologic types. It is associated more frequently with multiple lymph node metastases and high proliferative index, and HER2/neu is amplified in 10% of cases. In spite of sharing some histologic characteristics with C-ILC (same growth pattern, loss of E-cadherin expression, same genetic pathway, its clinical and pathologic features define an autonomous entity. Its surgical treatment is similar to those of C-ILC and HG-IDC.Conclusion: This is the first review comparing these three pathologic entities. Our findings may be useful in understanding this variety of invasive lobular carcinoma, and further studies are certainly needed in this field. Keywords: breast cancer, lobular cancer, pleomorphic, mastectomy

  17. CBiOS Science Sessions - 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Alexandre Rodrigues Tavares

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available CBiOS Science Sessions - 2013 - Nutrition: pregnancy counselling website (http://nutricao.ulusofona.pt Nutrição: website de aconselhamento durante a gravidez, Nelson Alexandre Rodrigues Tavares; Relationship between daily water intake and skin physiology, Impacto Cutâneo do consumo dietário de água, Maria Lídia Laginha Mestre Guerreiro da Palma; Development of different types of nanosystems: polymeric, lipid-based and metallic nanoparticles. Desenvolvimento de diferentes tipos de nanosistemas: poliméricos, lipid-based e de nanoparticulas metálicas, Catarina Silva, Patrícia Rijo, Catarina Reis; Interaction between propofol and HES 130/0.4: Chemical, physiological and toxicological. Interação entre Propofol e HES 130/0.4: Química, Fisiológica e Toxicológica, Aura Silva, Ana Ortiz, Carlos Venâncio, Rui Silva, Joaquim Mendes, Paula Guedes, Helena Vala, David Ferreira; Study the potential applicability of the by-products of the Prunus cerasus in promoting health and skin care. Estudo da aplicabilidade dos sub-produtos de Prunus cerasus na promoção de saúde cutânea, Elisabete Maurício, Catarina Rosado, Diaz Diaz Lanza; Cell migration and adhesion - impact of ROS in tumour metastasis Migração celular e adesão - impacto de ROS na metástase tumural, Nuno Saraiva; Bioactive and Non-Conventional Photoprotection Fotoproteção Bioactiva e Não-Convencional, André Rolim Baby.

  18. Identification of two new repetitive elements and chromosomal mapping of repetitive DNA sequences in the fish Gymnothorax unicolor (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Coluccia

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Muraenidae is a species-rich family, with relationships among genera and species and taxonomy that have not been completely clarified. Few cytogenetic studies have been conducted on this family, and all of them showed the same diploid chromosome number (2n=42 but with conspicuous karyotypic variation among species. The Mediterranean moray eel Gymnothorax unicolor was previously cytogenetically studied using classical techniques that allowed the characterization of its karyotype structure and the constitutive heterochromatin and argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (Ag-NORs distribution pattern. In the present study, we describe two new repetitive elements (called GuMboI and GuDdeI obtained from restricted genomic DNA of G. unicolor that were characterized by Southern blot and physically localized by in situ hybridization on metaphase chromosomes. As they are highly repetitive DNA sequences, they map in heterochromatic regions. However, while GuDdeI was localized in the centromeric regions, the GuMboI fraction was distributed on some centromeres and was co-localized with the nucleolus organizer region (NOR. Comparative analysis with other Mediterranean species such as Muraena helena pointed out that these DNA fractions are species-specific and could potentially be used for species discrimination. As a new contribution to the karyotype of this species, we found that the major ribosomal genes are localized on acrocentric chromosome 9 and that the telomeres of each chromosome are composed of a tandem repeat derived from a poly-TTAGGG DNA sequence, as it occurs in most vertebrate species. The results obtained add new information useful in comparative genomics at the chromosomal level and contribute to the cytogenetic knowledge regarding this fish family, which has not been extensively studied.

  19. Dual-wavelength recording, a simple algorithm to eliminate interferences due to UV-absorbing substances in capillary electrophoresis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaux, Liesbeth; Van Houcke, Sofie; Dumoulin, Els; Fiers, Tom; Lecocq, Elke; Delanghe, Joris R

    2014-08-01

    Analytical interferences have been described due to the presence of various exogenous UV-absorbing substances in serum. Iodine-based X-ray contrast agents and various antibiotics have been reported to interfere with interpretation of serum protein pherograms, resulting in false diagnosis of paraproteinemia. In the present study, we have explored the possibility of measuring UV absorbance at two distinct wavelengths (210 and 246 nm) to distinguish between true and false paraproteins on a Helena V8 clinical electrophoresis instrument. This study demonstrates that most substances potentially interfering with serum protein electrophoresis show UV-absorption spectra that are distinct from those of serum proteins. Scanning at 246 nm allows detection of all described interfering agents. Comparing pherograms recorded at both wavelengths (210 and 246 nm) enables to distinguish paraproteins from UV-absorbing substances. In case of a true paraprotein, the peak with an electrophoretic mobility in the gamma-region decreases, whereas the X-ray contrast media and antibiotics show an increased absorption when compared to the basic setting (210 nm). The finding of iodine-containing contrast media interfering with serum protein electrophoresis is not uncommon. In a clinical series, interference induced by contrast media was reported in 54 cases (of 13 237 analyses), corresponding with a prevalence of 0.4%. In the same series, 1631 true paraproteins (12.3%) were detected. Implementation of the proposed algorithm may significantly improve the interpretation of routine electrophoresis results. However, attention should still be paid to possible interference due to presence of atypical proteins fractions (e.g., tumor markers, C3). © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. Development of a 14-digit Hydrologic Unit Code Numbering System for South Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bower, David E.; Lowry, Claude; Lowery, Mark A.; Hurley, Noel M.

    1999-01-01

    A Hydrologic Unit Map showing the cataloging units, watersheds, and subwatersheds of South Carolina has been developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, funded through a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 319 Grant, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. These delineations represent 8-, 11-, and 14-digit Hydrologic Unit Codes, respectively. This map presents information on drainage, hydrography, and hydrologic boundaries of the water-resources regions, subregions, accounting units, cataloging units, watersheds, and subwatersheds. The source maps for the basin delineations are 1:24,000-scale 7.5-minute series topographic maps and the base maps are from 1:100,000-scale Digital Line Graphs; however, the data are published at a scale of 1:500,000. In addition, an electronic version of the data is provided on a compact disc.Of the 1,022 subwatersheds delineated for this project, 1,004 range in size from 3,000 to 40,000 acres (4.69 to 62.5 square miles). Seventeen subwatersheds are smaller than 3,000 acres and one subwatershed, located on St. Helena Island, is larger than 40,000 acres.This map and its associated codes provide a standardized base for use by water-resource managers and planners in locating, storing, retrieving, and exchanging hydrologic data. In addition, the map can be used for cataloging water-data acquisition activities, geographically organizing hydrologic data, and planning and describing water-use and related land-use activities.

  1. Leer texto literario en la escuela: una experiencia placentera para encontrarse consigo mismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Patricia Bolívar Calixto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El escrito relata los resultados de la experiencia de un proceso de investigación en la Maestría de Literatura dentro de la línea de investigación Creación y Pedagogía de la UPTC en el año 2013. Su objetivo principal fue acercar a los jóvenes de grado décimo de la Institución Educativa Silvino Rodríguez hacia la lectura literaria placentera a través de la aplicación de estrategias para la iniciación literaria, buscando promover la motivación, el gusto, el enamoramiento de nuevas formas de pensar, de mirar y de crear a través del disfrute estético que produce la lectura. El diseño metodológico se enmarcó dentro de una investigación cualitativa de tipo descriptiva-explicativa, con un diseño cuasi experimental. Los referentes teóricos se sustentan en autores como Louise Rosenblatt, Michele Petit, Teresa Colomer, Jorge Larrosa y María Helena Robledo entre otros. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de ejercicios con los estudiantes, profesores y padres de familia. Se hizo un análisis de las categorías halladas en la prueba de encuestas, una evaluación de los resultados, junto con las estrategias utilizadas, y finalmente se presentan unas conclusiones de la investigación.

  2. Osteogenic response of human mesenchymal stem cells to well-defined nanoscale topography in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Peppo GM

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Giuseppe Maria de Peppo,1–3 Hossein Agheli,2,3 Camilla Karlsson,2,3 Karin Ekström,2,3 Helena Brisby,3,4 Maria Lennerås,2,3 Stefan Gustafsson,3,5 Peter Sjövall,3,5,6 Anna Johansson,2,3 Eva Olsson,3,5 Jukka Lausmaa,3,6 Peter Thomsen,2,3 Sarunas Petronis3,6 1The New York Stem Cell Foundation Research Institute, New York, NY, USA; 2Department of Biomaterials, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 3BIOMATCELL VINN Excellence Center of Biomaterials and Cell Therapy, 4Department of Orthopaedics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 5Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden; 6Chemistry, Materials and Surfaces, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Borås, Sweden Background: Patterning medical devices at the nanoscale level enables the manipulation of cell behavior and tissue regeneration, with topographic features recognized as playing a significant role in the osseointegration of implantable devices. Methods: In this study, we assessed the ability of titanium-coated hemisphere-like topographic nanostructures of different sizes (approximately 50, 100, and 200 nm to influence the morphology, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs. Results: We found that the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs was influenced by the size of the underlying structures, suggesting that size variations in topographic features at the nanoscale level, independently of chemistry, can be exploited to control hMSC behavior in a size-dependent fashion. Conclusion: Our studies demonstrate that colloidal lithography, in combination with coating technologies, can be exploited to investigate the cell response to well defined nanoscale topography and to develop next-generation surfaces that guide tissue regeneration and promote implant integration. Keywords: colloidal lithography, nanotopography, human mesenchymal stem cells, cell proliferation, osteogenic

  3. Department of Nuclear Spectroscopy - Overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Styczen, J.

    2002-01-01

    Full text: The Nuclear Spectroscopy Department is the largest department of the Institute. It merges a variety of research groups having been performing investigations with a rich diversity of methods: from pure studies of the structure of nucleus and of nuclear properties through applied nuclear spectroscopy in condensed matter research, to the complex biophysical investigations of biological tissues. The nuclear structure experiments were performed mainly in European Large Scale Facilities (ALPIINFN-Legnaro, VIVITRON-IReS-Strasbourg, JYFL-K100-Cyclotron) with the use of the GASP, EUROBALL IV, RITU systems and with application of ancillary detectors - HECTOR+HELENA, RFD. Some data were obtained with the GAMMASPHERE in USA. Other research has been based on our own instrumentation - VdG, AFM, Dual-Beam-Implanter, PAC, Moessbauer spectrometers etc., in a strong co-operation with Polish and European institutions, of course. The atomic studies were done on the ESR at GSI in Darmastadt. In several pages which follow, some important results of the investigations in the Department are presented. In 2001, Dr hab. Jerzy Dryzek and Dr hab. Adam Maj were granted the Associated Professor positions, and Miss Agnieszka Kulinska and Mrs Maria Kmiecik - the Ph.D. degrees. Dr Kmiecik was also awarded the Henryk Niewodniczanski prize for studies of 147 Eu compound nucleus shape evolution. Some of us became (continued to be) members of International Committees - the PHINUFY (R. Broda), the Steering Committee of RISING at GSI (J. Styczen), the PAC of the VIVITRON at Strasbourg (J. Styczen). We organized an International Conference on Condensed Matter Studies (100 participants), which belonged to the well known series of Zakopane School of Physics. It's Proceedings appeared as a volume of the Acta Physica Polonica A journal. (author)

  4. Da formação discursiva a Semântica global: breve analise do tema corrupção em programas de governo das eleições presidenciais 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Leiser BARONAS

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Neste ,trabalho do mirante da Análise de Discurso francesa analisamos textualizações do discurso político em Programas de Governo de candidatos a presidente do Brasil das últimas eleições. Trabalhamos como o tema Corrupção foi dado a circular nesses distintos programas de governo. Mobilizamos inicialmente o conceito de formação discursiva, elaborado por Courtine (2007 em Análise do discurso: o discurso comunista endereçado aos cristãos, procurando verificar como os enunciados que dizem o tema Corrupção se inscrevem numa rede de filiações tanto interdiscursivas quanto intradiscursivas e, por último, li luz do conceito de semântica global elaborado por Maingueneau (2005, em Gênese dos discursos. verificamos como esse tema é regrado por um conjunto de restrições semânticas que autoriza. aquilo que pode e deve ser dito pelo discurso. Tais restrições afetam a intertextualidade; o vocabulário; os temas; o estatuto do enunciador e do destinatário: a dêixis enunciativa; o modo de enunciação, a vocalidade e o modo de coesão do discurso. O corpus de análise constitui-se por recortes dos Programas de Governo dos candidatos: Cristovam Buarque PDT, Geraldo Alkmin PSDB, Luiz Inácio da Silva PT e Heloísa Helena PSOL. A escolha dos Planos dos candidatos se justifica pela classificação que obtiveram no processo eleitoral de 2006.

  5. Da formação discursiva a Semântica global: breve analise do tema corrupção em programas de governo das eleições presidenciais 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Leiser BARONAS

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Neste ,trabalho do mirante da Análise de Discurso francesa analisamos textualizações do discurso político em Programas de Governo de candidatos a presidente do Brasil das últimas eleições. Trabalhamos como o tema Corrupção foi dado a circular nesses distintos programas de governo. Mobilizamos inicialmente o conceito de formação discursiva, elaborado por Courtine (2007 em Análise do discurso: o discurso comunista endereçado aos cristãos, procurando verificar como os enunciados que dizem o tema Corrupção se inscrevem numa rede de filiações tanto interdiscursivas quanto intradiscursivas e, por último, li luz do conceito de semântica global elaborado por Maingueneau (2005, em Gênese dos discursos. verificamos como esse tema é regrado por um conjunto de restrições semânticas que autoriza. aquilo que pode e deve ser dito pelo discurso. Tais restrições afetam a intertextualidade; o vocabulário; os temas; o estatuto do enunciador e do destinatário: a dêixis enunciativa; o modo de enunciação, a vocalidade e o modo de coesão do discurso. O corpus de análise constitui-se por recortes dos Programas de Governo dos candidatos: Cristovam Buarque PDT, Geraldo Alkmin PSDB, Luiz Inácio da Silva PT e Heloísa Helena PSOL. A escolha dos Planos dos candidatos se justifica pela classificação que obtiveram no processo eleitoral de 2006.

  6. Isotopic geochemistry of Fernando de Noronha

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gerlach, D.C.; Stormer, J.C. Jr.; Mueller, P.A.

    1987-01-01

    Volcanic and hybabyssal rocks ranging in age from 12 to 3 Ma from the Fernando de Noronha archipelago in the western equatorial Atlantic Ocean can generally be devided into two age-compositional groups that have variable and distinct isotopic compositions. Predominantly older alkali basalts and trachytes are generally characterized by more radiogenic Sr-isotopic ( 87 Sr/ 86 Sr=0.70457-0.70485) compositions and less radiogenic Nd-isotopic ( 143 Nd/ 144 Nd=0.51271-0.51281) and Pb-isotopic ( 206 Pb/ 204 Pb=19.132-19.282) compositions relative to the generally younger, more alkaline Si-undersaturated rocks which include nephelinites, ankaratrites, and melilitites ( 87 Sr/ 86 Sr=0.70365-0.70418, 143 Nd/ 144 Nd=0.51277-0.51290, 206 Pb/ 204 Pb=19.317-19.565). These variations suggest the influence of at least two separate components in the source(s) of both series. One component is characterized by high Rb/Sr and low μ, possibly derived from delaminated subcontinental lithosphere, whereas the other has high μ and low Rb/Sr similar to the source of St. Helena lavas. A third component is suggested by correlated compositions in the latest alkaline, Si-undersaturated lavas, and this component may be derived from depleted mantle. These isotopic variations in conjunction with the generally increasing degree of alkalinity with time are consistent with the temporal depletion of a low-μ, high Rb/Sr component and increasing contributions from a high-μ component in the source of the volcanic rocks of Fernando de Noronha. (orig.)

  7. Phylogeography of Ophioblennius: the role of ocean currents and geography in reef fish evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muss, A; Robertson, D R; Stepien, C A; Wirtz, P; Bowen, B W

    2001-03-01

    Many tropical reef fishes are divided into Atlantic and East Pacific taxa, placing similar species in two very different biogeographic regimes. The tropical Atlantic is a closed ocean basin with relatively stable currents, whereas the East Pacific is an open basin with unstable oceanic circulation. To assess how evolutionary processes are influenced by these differences in oceanography and geography, we analyze a 630-bp region of mitochondrial cytochrome b from 171 individuals in the blenniid genus Ophioblennius. Our results demonstrate deep genetic structuring in the Atlantic species, O. atlanticus, corresponding to recognized biogeographic provinces, with divergences of d = 5.2-12.7% among the Caribbean, Brazilian, St. Helena/Ascension Island, Gulf of Guinea, and Azores/Cape Verde regions. The Atlantic phylogeny is consistent with Pliocene dispersal from the western to eastern Atlantic, and the depth of these separations (along with prior morphological comparisons) may indicate previously unrecognized species. The eastern Pacific species, O. steindachneri, is characterized by markedly less structure than O. atlanticus, with shallow mitochondrial DNA lineages (dmax = 2.7%) and haplotype frequency shifts between locations in the Sea of Cortez, Pacific Panama, Clipperton Island, and the Galapagos Islands. No concordance between genetic structure and biogeographic provinces was found for O. steincdachneri. We attribute the phylogeographic pattern in O. atlanticus to dispersal during the reorganization of Atlantic circulation patterns that accompanied the shoaling of the Isthmus of Panama. The low degree of structure in the eastern Pacific is probably due to unstable circulation and linkage to the larger Pacific Ocean basin. The contrast in genetic signatures between Atlantic and eastern Pacific blennies demonstrates how differences in geology and oceanography have influenced evolutionary radiations within each region.

  8. Influence of in-stream diel concentration cycles of dissolved trace metals on acute toxicity to one-year-old cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nimick, D.A.; Harper, D.D.; Farag, A.M.; Cleasby, T.E.; MacConnell, Elizabeth; Skaar, D.

    2007-01-01

    Extrapolating results of laboratory bioassays to streams is difficult, because conditions such as temperature and dissolved metal concentrations can change substantially on diel time scales. Field bioassays conducted for 96 h in two mining-affected streams compared the survival of hatchery-raised, metal-nai??ve westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi) exposed to dissolved (0.1-??m filtration) metal concentrations that either exhibited the diel variation observed in streams or were controlled at a constant value. Cadmium and Zn concentrations in these streams increased each night by as much as 61 and 125%, respectively, and decreased a corresponding amount the next day, whereas Cu did not display a diel concentration cycle. In High Ore Creek (40 km south of Helena, MT, USA), survival (33%) after exposure to natural diel-fluctuating Zn concentrations (range, 214-634 ??g/L; mean, 428 ??g/L) was significantly (p = 0.008) higher than survival (14%) after exposure to a controlled, constant Zn concentration (422 ??g/L). Similarly, in Dry Fork Belt Creek (70 km southeast of Great Falls, MT, USA), survival (75%) after exposure to diel-fluctuating Zn concentrations (range, 266-522 ??g/L; mean, 399 ??g/L) was significantly (p = 0.022) higher than survival (50%) in the constant-concentration treatment (392 ??g/L). Survival likely was greater in these diel treatments, both because the periods of lower metal concentrations provided some relief for the fish and because toxicity during periods of higher metal concentrations was lessened by the simultaneous occurrence each night of lower water temperatures, which reduce the rate of metal uptake. Based on the present study, current water-quality criteria appear to be protective for streams with diel concentration cycles of Zn (and, perhaps, Cd) for the hydrologie conditions tested. ?? 2007 SETAC.

  9. Ready-to-eat cereals improve nutrient, milk and fruit intake at breakfast in European adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michels, Nathalie; De Henauw, Stefaan; Beghin, Laurent; Cuenca-García, Magdalena; Gonzalez-Gross, Marcela; Hallstrom, Lena; Kafatos, Anthony; Kersting, Mathilde; Manios, Yannis; Marcos, Ascensión; Molnar, Denes; Roccaldo, Romana; Santaliestra-Pasías, Alba M; Sjostrom, Michael; Reye, Béatrice; Thielecke, Frank; Widhalm, Kurt; Claessens, Mandy

    2016-03-01

    Breakfast consumption has been recommended as part of a healthy diet. Recently, ready-to-eat cereals (RTEC) became more popular as a breakfast item. Our aim was to analyse the dietary characteristics of an RTEC breakfast in European adolescents and to compare them with other breakfast options. From the European multi-centre HELENA study, two 24-h dietary recalls of 3137 adolescents were available. Food items (RTEC or bread, milk/yoghurt, fruit) and macro- and micronutrient intakes at breakfast were calculated. Cross-sectional regression analyses were adjusted for gender, age, socio-economic status and city. Compared to bread breakfasts (39 %) and all other breakfasts (41.5 %), RTEC breakfast (19.5 %) was associated with improved nutrient intake (less fat and less sucrose; more fibre, protein and some micronutrients like vitamin B, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus) at the breakfast occasion. Exceptions were more simple sugars in RTEC breakfast consumers: more lactose and galactose due to increased milk consumption, but also higher glucose and fructose than bread consumers. RTEC consumers had a significantly higher frequency (92.5 vs. 50.4 and 60.2 %) and quantity of milk/yoghurt intake and a slightly higher frequency of fruit intake (13.4 vs. 10.9 and 8.0 %) at breakfast. Among European adolescents, RTEC consumers showed a more favourable nutrient intake than consumers of bread or other breakfasts, except for simple sugars. Therefore, RTEC may be regarded as a good breakfast option as part of a varied and balanced diet. Nevertheless, more research is warranted concerning the role of different RTEC types in nutrient intake, especially for simple sugars.

  10. Development and characterization of a new oral dapsone nanoemulsion system: permeability and in silico bioavailability studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monteiro LM

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Lidiane M Monteiro,1 Viviane F Lione,1 Flavia A do Carmo,1 Lilian H do Amaral,1 Julianna H da Silva,2 Luiz E Nasciutti,2 Carlos R Rodrigues,1 Helena C Castro,3 Valeria P de Sousa,1 Lucio M Cabral11Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 2Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 3Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, BrasilBackground: Dapsone is described as being active against Mycobacterium leprae, hence its role in the treatment of leprosy and related pathologies. Despite its therapeutic potential, the low solubility of dapsone in water results in low bioavailability and high microbial resistance. Nanoemulsions are pharmaceutical delivery systems derived from micellar solutions with a good capacity for improving absorption. The aim of this work was to develop and compare the permeability of a series of dapsone nanoemulsions in Caco-2 cell culture against that of effective permeability in the human body simulated using GastroplusTM software.Methods and results: The release profiles of the dapsone nanoemulsions using different combinations of surfactants and cosolvent showed a higher dissolution rate in simulated gastric and enteric fluid than did the dispersed dapsone powder. The drug release kinetics were consistent with a Higuchi model.Conclusion: This comparison of dapsone permeability in Caco-2 cells with effective permeability in the human body simulated by Gastroplus showed a good correlation and indicates potential improvement in the biodisponibility of dapsone using this new system.Keywords: dapsone, nanoemulsions, antibacterial, permeability, Caco-2 cell, GastroplusTM

  11. Gender differences in the T-cell profiles of the airways in COPD patients associated with clinical phenotypes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forsslund H

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Helena Forsslund,1 Mingxing Yang,1 Mikael Mikko,1 Reza Karimi,1 Sven Nyrén,2 Benita Engvall,1 Johan Grunewald,1 Heta Merikallio,1,3 Riitta Kaarteenaho,3–5 Jan Wahlström,1 Åsa M Wheelock,1 C Magnus Sköld1 1Department of Medicine Solna and Centre for Molecular Medicine, Respiratory Medicine Unit, 2Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Respiratory Research Unit and Medical Research Center Oulu, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland; 4Unit of Medicine and Clinical Research, Pulmonary Division, University of Eastern Finland, 5Center for Medicine and Clinical Research, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland Abstract: T lymphocytes are believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. How T cells are recruited to the lungs and contribute to the inflammatory process is largely unknown. COPD is a heterogeneous disease, and discriminating disease phenotypes based on distinct molecular and cellular pathways may provide new approaches for individualized diagnosis and therapies. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL and blood samples were obtained from 40 never-smokers, 40 smokers with normal lung function, and 38 COPD patients. T-cell chemokine receptor expression was analyzed with flow cytometry, and soluble BAL cytokines and chemokines were measured using a cytokine multiplex assay. Correlations with gender and clinical characteristics including lung imaging were investigated using multivariate modeling. Th1/Tc1- and Th2/Tc2-associated soluble analytes and T-cell chemokine receptors were analyzed as cumulative Th1/Tc1 and Th2/Tc2 immune responses. A higher expression of chemokine receptor CCR5 on CD8+ T cells in BAL and higher percentage of CXCR3+CD8+ T cells in blood was found in female smokers with COPD compared to those without COPD. CCR5 expression

  12. Applied Nanotechnology and Nanoscience International Conference 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-01-01

    , Italy• Luigi Sangaletti, Italy• Igor E Agranovski, Australia• Valentine Novosad, United States• Bart Partoens, Belgium• Victor Ryzhii, Japan• Maxim Ryzhii, Japan• Bekir Aktas, Turkey• Vladimir Baulin, Spain• Mónica L. Fanarraga, Spain• Luca Businaro, Italy• Fernando Calle, Spain• Thierry Conard, Belgium• Antonio Tejeda Gala, France• Fikret Yildiz, Turkey• Devika Chithrani, Canada• Hans Fecht, Germany• Yoshinobu Baba, Japan• Masami Furuuchi, Japan• Nguyen T. K. Thanh, United Kingdom• Muhammad Hassan Sayyad, Pakistan• Maurizio Ferrari, Italy• Elisabetta Comini, Italy• Philippe Djemia, France• Andrei Kanaev, France• Jacques Jupille, France• Mallikarjuna Nadagouda, United States• Haibo Zhu, Saudi Arabia• Rahul Mane, India• Ildoo Chung, Korea, Republic Of• Rogério Gaspar, Portugal• Helena F Florindo, Portugal• Karine Andrieux, France• Nirali Gondaliya, India• Kumar Magnash, France• Nancy Ranxing Li, United States (paper)

  13. Quaternary sea-level history and the origin of the northernmost coastal aeolianites in the Americas: Channel Islands National Park, California, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhs, Daniel; Pigati, Jeffrey S.; Schumann, R. Randall; Skipp, Gary L.; Porat, Naomi; DeVogel, Stephen B.

    2018-01-01

    Along most of the Pacific Coast of North America, sand dunes are dominantly silicate-rich. On the California Channel Islands, however, dunes are carbonate-rich, due to high productivity offshore and a lack of dilution by silicate minerals. Older sands on the Channel Islands contain enough carbonate to be cemented into aeolianite. Several generations of carbonate aeolianites are present on the California Channel Islands and represent the northernmost Quaternary coastal aeolianites on the Pacific Coast of North America. The oldest aeolianites on the islands may date to the early Pleistocene and thus far have only been found on Santa Cruz Island. Aeolianites with well-developed soils are found on both San Miguel Island and Santa Rosa Island and likely date to the middle Pleistocene. The youngest and best-dated aeolianites are located on San Miguel Island and Santa Rosa Island. These sediments were deposited during the late Pleistocene following the emergence of marine terraces that date to the last interglacial complex (~ 120,000 yr to ~ 80,000 yr). Based on radiocarbon and luminescence dating, the ages of these units correspond in time with marine isotope stages [MIS] 4, 3, and 2. Sea level was significantly lower than present during all three time periods. Reconstruction of insular paleogeography indicates that large areas to the north and northwest of the islands would have been exposed at these times, providing a ready source of carbonate-rich skeletal sands. These findings differ from a previously held concept that carbonate aeolianites are dominantly an interglacial phenomenon forming during high stands of sea. In contrast, our results are consistent with the findings of other investigators of the past decade who have reported evidence of glacial-age and interstadial-age aeolianites on coastlines of Australia and South Africa. They are also consistent with observations made by Darwin regarding the origin of aeolianites on the island of St. Helena, in the

  14. Epilepsy and violence: case series concerning physical trauma in children of persons with epilepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gauffin H

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Helena Gauffin1,2 Anne-Marie Landtblom1–4 1Department of Neurology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; 2Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; 3Neurology Unit, Department of Medical Specialist, General Hospital, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, IMM, County Council, Linköping University, Motala, Sweden; 4Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden Abstract: Historically, epilepsy has been associated with violence, but more recent studies have emphasized genetic and psychosocial factors as more important. The case series presented here aim to highlight the difficult situation the affected children are in. We report on three cases when children have been traumatized and, in one case, even been killed by their parent who was diagnosed with epilepsy. In the first case, we describe a woman with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy who was sentenced to forensic psychiatry care for killing her child. She lived under difficult psychosocial circumstances and a suicide attempt contributed to what happened. The second case describes a man with post-traumatic seizures who was sentenced for child abuse. Ictal or postictal violence was considered in these two cases but a causal link between the violence and epilepsy has not been established. In the third case, we describe a woman with focal epilepsy and psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNESs. Her child was hurt and frightened in relation to violent seizures, which were regarded as PNESs. This case series demonstrates that children of parents with epilepsy can be in a vulnerable situation. No causality has been established between the seizures and these events, so consequently other factors such as psychosocial stress, low cognitive function, and a suicide attempt must also be considered as important. When a child is hurt by a parent with epilepsy the patient must be closely examined to determine the role of the seizures

  15. Methotrexate diethyl ester-loaded lipid-core nanocapsules in aqueous solution increased antineoplastic effects in resistant breast cancer cell line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yurgel VC

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Virginia C Yurgel,1,* Catiuscia P Oliveira,2,* Karine R Begnini,1 Eduarda Schultze,1 Helena S Thurow,1 Priscila MM Leon,1 Odir A Dellagostin,1 Vinicius F Campos,1 Ruy CR Beck,2 Silvia S Guterres,2 Tiago Collares,1 Adriana R Pohlmann,2–4 Fabiana K Seixas11Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia (PPGB, Grupo de Pesquisa em Oncologia Celular e Molecular, Laboratório de Genômica Funcional, Biotecnologia/Centro de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; 2Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; 3Departamento de Química Orgânica, Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; 4Centro de Nanociência e Nanotecnologia, CNANO-UFRGS, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer affecting women. Methotrexate (MTX is an antimetabolic drug that remains important in the treatment of breast cancer. Its efficacy is compromised by resistance in cancer cells that occurs through a variety of mechanisms. This study evaluated apoptotic cell death and cell cycle arrest induced by an MTX derivative (MTX diethyl ester [MTX(OEt2] and MTX(OEt2-loaded lipid-core nanocapsules in two MTX-resistant breast adenocarcinoma cell lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231. The formulations prepared presented adequate granulometric profile. The treatment responses were evaluated through flow cytometry. Relying on the mechanism of resistance, we observed different responses between cell lines. For MCF-7 cells, MTX(OEt2 solution and MTX(OEt2-loaded lipid-core nanocapsules presented significantly higher apoptotic rates than untreated cells and cells incubated with unloaded lipid-core nanocapsules. For MDA-MB-231

  16. Fat- and fiber-related diet behavior among type 2 diabetes patients from distinct regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrychova T

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Tereza Hendrychova,1 Magda Vytrisalova,1 Abdullah Alwarafi,2 Jurjen Duintjer Tebbens,3,4 Helena Vankatova,1 Sandra Leal,5 Ales Antonin Kubena,1 Alena Smahelova,6 Jiri Vlcek1 1Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Charles University in Prague, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic; 2Faculty of Dentistry, Ibb University, Ibb, Yemen; 3Department of Biophysics and Physical Chemics, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Charles University in Prague, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic; 4Institute of Computer Science, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic; 5Department of Clinical Pharmacy, El Rio Community Health Center, Tucson, AZ, USA; 6Diabetes Center, Department of Gerontology and Metabolism, University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Charles University in Prague, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic Purpose: Diet and eating habits are of key importance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM. The purpose of this comparative study was to analyze fat- and fiber-related behavior (FFB in patients with T2DM from distinct cultural areas. Patients and methods: Observational study was carried out in the Czech Republic (CR (n=200, the US (n=207, and Yemen (n=200. Patients completed the Fat- and Fiber-related Diet Behavior Questionnaire (FFBQ. Results: Differences in all aspects of FFB among countries were found (P<0.05. The best fat-related behavior reported was from patients from the CR. Patients from the US showed the worst fat-related behavior in total. On the other hand, patients from the US reported the best fiber-related behavior. Patients from Yemen reached the worst scores in all fat-related domains. Patients from all studied countries reported the best results in the “modify meat” and “avoid fat as flavoring” and the worst in the “substitute high fiber” subscales. Conclusion: Professionals involved in the diet education of T2DM patients

  17. Soil Water Retention Curve

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, L. E.; Kim, J.; Cifelli, R.; Chandra, C. V.

    2016-12-01

    Potential water retention, S, is one of parameters commonly used in hydrologic modeling for soil moisture accounting. Physically, S indicates total amount of water which can be stored in soil and is expressed in units of depth. S can be represented as a change of soil moisture content and in this context is commonly used to estimate direct runoff, especially in the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) curve number (CN) method. Generally, the lumped and the distributed hydrologic models can easily use the SCS-CN method to estimate direct runoff. Changes in potential water retention have been used in previous SCS-CN studies; however, these studies have focused on long-term hydrologic simulations where S is allowed to vary at the daily time scale. While useful for hydrologic events that span multiple days, the resolution is too coarse for short-term applications such as flash flood events where S may not recover its full potential. In this study, a new method for estimating a time-variable potential water retention at hourly time-scales is presented. The methodology is applied for the Napa River basin, California. The streamflow gage at St Helena, located in the upper reaches of the basin, is used as the control gage site to evaluate the model performance as it is has minimal influences by reservoirs and diversions. Rainfall events from 2011 to 2012 are used for estimating the event-based SCS CN to transfer to S. As a result, we have derived the potential water retention curve and it is classified into three sections depending on the relative change in S. The first is a negative slope section arising from the difference in the rate of moving water through the soil column, the second is a zero change section representing the initial recovery the potential water retention, and the third is a positive change section representing the full recovery of the potential water retention. Also, we found that the soil water moving has traffic jam within 24 hours after finished first

  18. Mental disorders, functional impairment, and nerve growth factor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salles FHM

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Fanny Helena Martins Salles,1 Pedro San Martin Soares,1 Carolina David Wiener,1 Thaise Campos Mondin,1 Paula Moraes da Silva,1 Karen Jansen,1–3 Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza,1 Ricardo Azevedo da Silva,1 Jean Pierre Oses1–3 1Translational Science on Brain Disorders, Department of Health and Behavior, Catholic University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; 2Translational Psychiatry Program, 3Center of Excellence on Mood Disorders, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth Medical School, Houston, TX, USA Abstract: Nerve growth factor (NGF is an important member of the neurotrophin family and its alteration has been associated with psychiatric disorders. Functionality consists of the activities that an individual can perform, as well as their social participation, which is an important factor in analyzing the carrier living conditions of subjects with psychiatric suffering. Several studies have evaluated functionality in bipolar disorder; however, no studies have evaluated the functionality in other mental disorders. There are also few studies investigating the association between functionality and the biological bases of mental disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the serum NGF levels in psychiatric patients and to verify a possible association between the serum neurotrophic levels and functionality. This was a cross-sectional study with a convenient sample obtained from the Public Mental Health Service from the south of Brazil. The final sample was composed of 286 patients enrolled from July 2013 to October 2014. Data was collected using a sociodemographic questionnaire, and the diagnosis was confirmed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I and a Functioning Assessment Short Test. The serum NGF levels were determined using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Statistical analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Statistic

  19. Development of an Internet-Administered Cognitive Behavior Therapy Program (ENGAGE) for Parents of Children Previously Treated for Cancer: Participatory Action Research Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wikman, Anna; Kukkola, Laura; Börjesson, Helene; Cernvall, Martin; Woodford, Joanne; Grönqvist, Helena; von Essen, Louise

    2018-04-18

    future studies testing and evaluating the intervention were discussed; consensus was not reached for all aspects. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first use of a participatory action research approach to develop a psychological intervention for parents of children previously treated for cancer and to identify acceptable study procedures. Involvement of parents with lived experience was vital in the development of a potentially relevant and acceptable intervention for this population. ©Anna Wikman, Laura Kukkola, Helene Börjesson, Martin Cernvall, Joanne Woodford, Helena Grönqvist, Louise von Essen. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 18.04.2018.

  20. Uma breve história da divulgação científica: as metáforas ideacionais e o sistema de MENSAGEM na construção do discurso da ciência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giacomo Figueredo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Tencionado descrever os fenômenos linguísticos responsáveis pela construção do discurso da ciência na relação entre cientista e não-cientista, este artigo apresenta o papel desempenhado pelas metáforas ideacionais (HALLIDAY, 1998 no sistema semântico de MENSAGEM relativamente à organização do discurso (MARTIN e ROSE, 2007 da divulgação científica em Uma breve história do tempo (1988 – tradução de Maria Helena Torres para a obra de Stephen Hawking. Mais especificamente, tem por objetivo apontar a forma pela qual o sistema de MENSAGEM – responsável pela organização semântica das unidades de significado textual – emprega os potenciais de referência e expansão das metáforas ideacionais no fluxo discursivo (MARTIN e ROSE, 2007 deste tipo específico de discurso, de forma a apontar o modo como as metáforas gramaticais contribuem para a transmissão do conhecimento entre o cientista e o não-cientista. Para tanto, o corpus constituído pelo texto de Uma breve história do tempo foi analisado segundo as categorias gramaticais que operam a metaforização (HALLIDAY, 1998 e categorias semânticas da análise de tipos de texto (MARTIN e ROSE, 2007. Para a anotação e extração de padrões de análise foi utilizada metodologia advinda da Linguística de Corpus. Os resultados indicam um processo de construções metafóricas característico do discurso científico. Contudo, este é diferenciado na divulgação científica quanto ao emprego do potencial de expansão das metáforas ideacionais na reorganização das mensagens e seu papel nas ondas de informação, de forma a realizar seu contexto de produção, na relação entre o especialista e seu público alvo.

  1. Hybrid method for consistent model of the Pacific absolute plate motion and a test for inter-hotspot motion since 70Ma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harada, Y.; Wessel, P.; Sterling, A.; Kroenke, L.

    2002-12-01

    present. We also applied the hybrid method to the African plate motion using the Tristan, St. Helena and Reunion hotspot tracks. We included the southern part of the Mascarene Plateau as the older part of the Reunion hotspot track to the model, since there is age progression along the plateau. The new model of the African absolute motion successfully explains the Ar-Ar ages and the geometry of the African hotspot tracks, and has an abrupt change at around 40 Ma. This event appears synchronous to the 43 Ma event recorded in the Pacific plate motion, and the event should therefore be considered a global one.

  2. Patterns of diversity of the Rissoidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ávila, Sérgio P; Goud, Jeroen; de Frias Martins, António M

    2012-01-01

    The geographical distribution of the Rissoidae in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea was compiled and is up-to-date until July 2011. All species were classified according to their mode of larval development (planktotrophic and nonplanktotrophic), and bathymetrical zonation (shallow species--those living between the intertidal and 50 m depth, and deep species--those usually living below 50 m depth). 542 species of Rissoidae are presently reported to the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, belonging to 33 genera. The Mediterranean Sea is the most diverse site, followed by Canary Islands, Caribbean, Portugal, and Cape Verde. The Mediterranean and Cape Verde Islands are the sites with higher numbers of endemic species, with predominance of Alvania spp. in the first site, and of Alvania and Schwartziella at Cape Verde. In spite of the large number of rissoids at Madeira archipelago, a large number of species are shared with Canaries, Selvagens, and the Azores, thus only about 8% are endemic to the Madeira archipelago. Most of the 542-rissoid species that live in the Atlantic and in the Mediterranean are shallow species (323), 110 are considered as deep species, and 23 species are reported in both shallow and deep waters. There is a predominance of nonplanktotrophs in islands, seamounts, and at high and medium latitudes. This pattern is particularly evident in the genera Crisilla, Manzonia, Onoba, Porosalvania, Schwartziella, and Setia. Planktotrophic species are more abundant in the eastern Atlantic and in the Mediterranean Sea. The results of the analysis of the probable directions of faunal flows support the patterns found by both the Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity and the geographical distribution. Four main source areas for rissoids emerge: Mediterranean, Caribbean, Canaries/Madeira archipelagos, and the Cape Verde archipelago. We must stress the high percentage of endemics that occurs in the isolated islands of Saint Helena, Tristan da Cunha, Cape

  3. Effects of pH and phosphate on metal distribution with emphasis on As speciation and mobilization in soils from a lead smelting site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Impellitteri, Christopher A. [United States Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, 26 West Martin Luther King Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45268 (United States)]. E-mail: Impellitteri.christopher@epa.gov

    2005-06-01

    Arsenic in soils from the Asarco lead smelter in East Helena, Montana was characterized by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). Arsenic oxidation state and geochemical speciation were analyzed as a function of depth (two sampling sites) and surface distribution. These results were compared with intensive desorption/dissolution experiments performed in a pH stat reactor for samples from the site with the highest degree of As heterogeneity. The objectives of the study were to investigate the solid-phase geochemical As speciation, assess the speciation of As in solutions equilibrated with the solids under controlled pH (pH=4 or 6) and Eh (using hydrogen or air) environments, observe the effects of phosphate on the release of As into solution, and examine the effects of phosphate on metal mobility in the systems. Arsenic was predominantly found in the As(V) valence state, though there was evidence that As(III) and As(0) were present also. The dominant geochemical phase was scorodite (FeAsO{sub 4}.2H{sub 2}O). The pH was controlled in the pH stat experiments by the addition of equinormal solutions of monoprotic (HNO{sub 3}), diprotic (H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}), or triprotic (H{sub 3}PO{sub 4}) acids. For many of the divalent metal cations, solution concentrations greatly decreased in the presence of phosphate. Solutions were also analyzed for anions. Evidence exists for sulfate release into solution. More As was released into solution at lower pH. A slight increase in solution arsenate occurs with the addition of phosphate, but the risk posed from the increased desorption/dissolution of As must be weighed against the decrease in solution concentrations of many metals especially Pb. If tailings from this site underwent acidification (e.g., acid mine drainage), in situ sequestration of metals by phosphate could be combined with placement of subsurface permeable reactive barriers for capture of As to reduce the risk associated with arsenic and trace metal mobilization. Results

  4. Effects of pH and phosphate on metal distribution with emphasis on As speciation and mobilization in soils from a lead smelting site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Impellitteri, Christopher A.

    2005-01-01

    Arsenic in soils from the Asarco lead smelter in East Helena, Montana was characterized by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). Arsenic oxidation state and geochemical speciation were analyzed as a function of depth (two sampling sites) and surface distribution. These results were compared with intensive desorption/dissolution experiments performed in a pH stat reactor for samples from the site with the highest degree of As heterogeneity. The objectives of the study were to investigate the solid-phase geochemical As speciation, assess the speciation of As in solutions equilibrated with the solids under controlled pH (pH=4 or 6) and Eh (using hydrogen or air) environments, observe the effects of phosphate on the release of As into solution, and examine the effects of phosphate on metal mobility in the systems. Arsenic was predominantly found in the As(V) valence state, though there was evidence that As(III) and As(0) were present also. The dominant geochemical phase was scorodite (FeAsO 4 .2H 2 O). The pH was controlled in the pH stat experiments by the addition of equinormal solutions of monoprotic (HNO 3 ), diprotic (H 2 SO 4 ), or triprotic (H 3 PO 4 ) acids. For many of the divalent metal cations, solution concentrations greatly decreased in the presence of phosphate. Solutions were also analyzed for anions. Evidence exists for sulfate release into solution. More As was released into solution at lower pH. A slight increase in solution arsenate occurs with the addition of phosphate, but the risk posed from the increased desorption/dissolution of As must be weighed against the decrease in solution concentrations of many metals especially Pb. If tailings from this site underwent acidification (e.g., acid mine drainage), in situ sequestration of metals by phosphate could be combined with placement of subsurface permeable reactive barriers for capture of As to reduce the risk associated with arsenic and trace metal mobilization. Results from this study could be used

  5. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Fricke Matte

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Este número da revista Texto Livre: Linguagem e Tecnologia dedica-se à área de Humanas, em especial a grande área Linguística Letras e Artes. No entanto, a seção Educação e Tecnologia vem com mais força que as demais, desta vez com três artigos dedicados ao uso de tecnologias digitais no ensino. Jaiza Helena Moisés Fernandes, com o artigo"SOFTWARE LIVRE NA EDUCAÇÃO PARA ALÉM DA INCLUSÃO DIGITAL E SOCIAL: LETRAMENTOS MÚLTIPLOS DE PROFESSORES E ALUNOS" apresenta um bem sucedido caso de utilização do Linux educacional 3.0 numa escola do Ceará. Leila de Almeida Castillo Iabel discute a resistência de professores e educadores no uso de Tecnologias da Informação em suas atividades docentes, no artigo "RELAÇÕES DE ENSINÂNCIA E APRENDÊNCIA ATRAVÉS DO USO DAS TIC'S". Gonzalo Abio, na mesma seção, apresenta uma visão panorâmica e comentada das diretrizes do livro didático no Brasil, no artigo "UN ANÁLISIS PRELIMINAR DE LAS ACTIVIDADES TIC PRESENTES EN LOS LIBROS DIDÁCTICOS ESCOGIDOS POR LOS PNLD 2011 Y 2012 PARA LA ENSEÑANZA DE E/LE A BRASILEÑOS". O artigo foi vertido para o português por Vanderlei Machado e publicado na seção Vindo de Outras Trilhas (Traduções". A ferramenta Wiki e o trabalho de produção colaborativa de textos é o foco da seção produção Textual e Tecnologia, no artigo "A FERRAMENTA WIKI: DESAFIOS E CONTRIBUIÇÕES NA FORMAÇÃO UNIVERSITÁRIA PRESENCIAL", assinado por Andriza Machado Becker. Finalmente, Isabel Cristina Vieira Coimbra Diniz, na seção Semiótica e Tecnologia, discute a relação entre espaço e corpo no que diz respeito às novas formas de divulgação de espetáculos de dança pela internet, no artigo "A DANÇA EM CENA: DO PALCO À TELA DO COMPUTADOR: UMA ANÁLISE SEMIÓTICA". Convidamos a todos a refletir conosco essas importantes questões. Ana Cristina Fricke Matte

  6. Constructing inverse V-type TiO{sub 2}-based photocatalyst via bio-template approach to enhance the photosynthetic water oxidation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang, Jinghui; Zhou, Han; Ding, Jian; Zhang, Fan; Fan, Tongxiang, E-mail: txfan@sjtu.edu.cn; Zhang, Di

    2015-08-30

    Graphical abstract: Inverse V-type TiO{sub 2}-based photocatalyst was synthesized by using cross-linked titanium precursor to duplicate bio-template. - Highlights: • Cross-linked titanium precursor can facilitate an accurate duplication of templates. • In situ deposition of Ag{sup 0} from AgBr can maintain the completeness of surface structure. • Perfect inverse V-type Ag{sup 0}/TiO{sub 2} can achieve efficient water oxidation. - Abstract: Bio-template approach was employed to construct inverse V-type TiO{sub 2}-based photocatalyst with well distributed AgBr in TiO{sub 2} matrix by making dead Troides Helena wings with inverse V-type scales as the template. A cross-linked titanium precursor with homogenous hydrolytic rate, good liquidity, and low viscosity was employed to facilitate a perfect duplication of the template and the dispersion of AgBr based on appropriate pretreatment of the template by alkali and acid. The as-synthesized inverse V-type TiO{sub 2}/AgBr can be turned into inverse V-type TiO{sub 2}/Ag{sup 0} from AgBr photolysis during photocatalysis to achieve in situ deposition of Ag{sup 0} in TiO{sub 2} matrix, by this approach, to avoid the deformation of surface microstructure inherited from the template. The result showed that the cooperation of perfect inverse V-type structure and the well distributed TiO{sub 2}/Ag{sup 0} microstructures can efficiently boost the photosynthetic water oxidation compared to non-inverse V-type TiO{sub 2}/Ag{sup 0} and TiO{sub 2}/Ag{sup 0} without using template. The anti-reflection function of inverse V-type structure and the plasmatic effect of Ag{sup 0} might be able to account for the enhanced photon capture and efficient photoelectric conversion.

  7. Geochemical constraints on the petrogenesis of the pyroclastic rocks in Abakaliki basin (Lower Benue Rift), Southeastern Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chukwu, Anthony; Obiora, Smart C.

    2018-05-01

    The pyroclastic rocks in the Cretaceous Abakaliki basin occur mostly as oval-shaped bodies, consisting of lithic/lava and vitric fragments. They are commonly characterized by parallel and cross laminations, as well contain xenoliths of shale, mudstone and siltstones from the older Asu River Group of Albian age. The rocks are basic to ultrabasic in composition, comprising altered alkali basalts, altered tuffs, minor lapillistones and agglomerates. The mineral compositions are characterized mainly by laths of calcic plagioclase, pyroxene (altered), altered olivines and opaques. Calcite, zeolite and quartz represent the secondary mineral constituents. Geochemically, two groups of volcaniclastic rocks, are distinguished: alkaline and tholeiitic rocks, both represented by fresh and altered rock samples. The older alkali basalts occur within the core of the Abakaliki anticlinorium while the younger tholeiites occur towards the periphery. Though most of the rocks are moderate to highly altered [Loss on ignition (LOI, 3.43-22.07 wt. %)], the use of immobile trace element such as Nb, Zr, Y, Hf, Ti, Ta and REEs reflect asthenospheric mantle source compositions. The rocks are enriched in incompatible elements and REEs (∑REE = 87.98-281.0 ppm for alkaline and 69.45-287.99 ppm for tholeiites). The ratios of La/Ybn are higher in the alkaline rocks ranging from 7.69 to 31.55 compared to the tholeiitic rocks which range from 4.4 to 16.89 and indicating the presence of garnet-bearing lherzolite in the source mantle. The spidergrams and REEs patterns along with Zr/Nb, Ba/Nb, Rb/Nb ratios suggest that the rocks were generated by a mantle plume from partial melting of mixed enriched mantle sources (HIMU, EMI and EMII) similar to the rocks of the south Atlantic Ocean such as St. Helena (alkaline rocks) and Ascension rocks (tholeiitic rocks). The rocks were formed in a within-plate setting of the intra-continental rift type similar to other igneous rocks in the Benue Rift and are not

  8. Being parents with epilepsy: thoughts on its consequences and difficulties affecting their children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gauffin H

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Helena Gauffin,1 Gullvi Flensner,2 Anne-Marie Landtblom1,3 1Department of Neurology and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; 2Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden; 3Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden Objective: Parents with epilepsy can be concerned about the consequences of epilepsy affecting their children. The aim of this paper is to describe aspects of what it means being a parent having epilepsy, focusing the parents’ perspectives and their thoughts on having children.Methods: Fourteen adults aged 18–35 years with epilepsy and subjective memory decline took part in focus-group interviews. The interviews were conducted according to a semi-structured guideline. Material containing aspects of parenthood was extracted from the original interviews and a secondary analysis was done according to a content-analysis guideline. Interviews with two parents for the Swedish book Leva med epilepsi [To live with epilepsy] by AM Landtblom (Stockholm: Bilda ide; 2009 were analyzed according to the same method.Results: Four themes emerged: (1 a persistent feeling of insecurity, since a seizure can occur at any time and the child could be hurt; (2 a feeling of inadequacy – of not being able to take full responsibility for one’s child; (3 acknowledgment that one’s children are forced to take more responsibility than other children do; and (4 a feeling of guilt – of not being able to fulfill one’s expectations of being the parent one would like to be.Conclusion: The parents with epilepsy are deeply concerned about how epilepsy affects the lives of their children. These parents are always aware that a seizure may occur and reflect on how this can affect their child. They try to foresee possible dangerous situations and prevent them. These parents were sad that they could not always take full responsibility for their child

  9. Psychosocial stress and inflammation driving tryptophan breakdown in children and adolescents: A cross-sectional analysis of two cohorts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michels, Nathalie; Clarke, Gerard; Olavarria-Ramirez, Loreto; Gómez-Martínez, Sonia; Díaz, Ligia Esperanza; Marcos, Ascensión; Widhalm, Kurt; Carvalho, Livia A

    2018-05-15

    Tryptophan breakdown is an important mechanism in several diseases e.g. inflammation and stress-induced inflammation have been associated with the development of depression via enhanced tryptophan breakdown. Depression is a major public health problem which commonly starts during adolescence, thus identifying underlying mechanisms during early life is crucial in prevention. The aim of this work was to verify whether independent and interacting associations of psychosocial stress and inflammation on tryptophan breakdown already exist in children and adolescents as a vulnerable age group. Two cross-sectional population-based samples of children/adolescents (8-18 y) were available: 315 from the European HELENA study and 164 from the Belgian ChiBS study. In fasting serum samples, tryptophan, kynurenine, kynurenic acid, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-ɣ, soluble vascular adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM1) were measured. Psychological stress was measured by stress reports (subjective) and cortisol (objective - awakening salivary cortisol or hair cortisol). Linear regressions with stress or inflammation as predictor were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, puberty, socio-economic status and country. In both cohorts, inflammation as measured by higher levels of CRP, sVCAM1 and sICAM1 was associated with kynurenine/tryptophan ratio and thus enhanced tryptophan breakdown (beta: 0.145-0.429). Psychological stress was only associated with tryptophan breakdown in the presence of higher inflammatory levels (TNF-α in both populations). Inflammatory levels were replicable key in enhancing tryptophan breakdown along the kynurenine pathway, even at young age and in a non-clinical sample. The stress-inflammation interaction indicated that only the stress exposures inducing higher inflammatory levels (or in an already existing inflammatory status) were associated

  10. Pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD – available resources and utilization in Swedish primary and secondary care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sundh J

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Josefin Sundh,1 Helena Lindgren,2 Mikael Hasselgren,2 Scott Montgomery,3–5 Christer Janson,6 Björn Ställberg,7 Karin Lisspers7 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, 2Medical Programme, School of Medical Sciences, 3Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, 4Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 5Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College, London, UK; 6Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory, Allergy and Sleep Research, 7Department of Public Health and Caring Science, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden Introduction: Pulmonary rehabilitation is effective in all stages of COPD. The availability and utilization of pulmonary rehabilitation resources, and the characteristics of COPD patients receiving rehabilitation, were investigated in primary and secondary care in central Sweden. Materials and methods: Data on available pulmonary rehabilitation resources were collected using questionnaires, to 14 hospitals and 54 primary health care centers, and information on utilization of different rehabilitation professionals was obtained from questionnaires completed by 1,329 COPD patients from the same centers. Multivariable logistic regression examined associations with having received rehabilitation in the previous year. Results: In primary care, nurse-based asthma/COPD clinics were common (87%, with additional separate access to other rehabilitation professionals. In secondary care, rehabilitation was more often offered as part of a multidisciplinary teamwork (71%. In total, 36% of the patients met an asthma/COPD nurse in the previous year. Utilization was lower in primary than in secondary care for physiotherapists (7% vs 16%, occupational therapists (3% vs 10%, nutritionists (5% vs 13%, and counselors (1% vs 4%. A higher COPD Assessment Test score

  11. Rational design of novel, fluorescent, tagged glutamic acid dendrimers with different terminal groups and in silico analysis of their properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinho N

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Nuno Martinho,1–3 Liana C Silva,1,4 Helena F Florindo,1 Steve Brocchini,2 Mire Zloh,3 Teresa S Barata2 1Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal; 2Department of Pharmaceutics, UCL School of Pharmacy, London, 3School of Life and Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK; 4Centro de Química-Física Molecular and IN – Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal Abstract: Dendrimers are hyperbranched polymers with a multifunctional architecture that can be tailored for the use in various biomedical applications. Peptide dendrimers are particularly relevant for drug delivery applications due to their versatility and safety profile. The overall lack of knowledge of their three-dimensional structure, conformational behavior and structure–activity relationship has slowed down their development. Fluorophores are often conjugated to dendrimers to study their interaction with biomolecules and provide information about their mechanism of action at the molecular level. However, these probes can change dendrimer surface properties and have a direct impact on their interactions with biomolecules and with lipid membranes. In this study, we have used computer-aided molecular design and molecular dynamics simulations to identify optimal topology of a poly(L-glutamic acid (PG backbone dendrimer that allows incorporation of fluorophores in the core with minimal availability for undesired interactions. Extensive all-atom molecular dynamic simulations with the CHARMM force field were carried out for different generations of PG dendrimers with the core modified with a fluorophore (nitrobenzoxadiazole and Oregon Green 488 and various surface groups (glutamic acid, lysine and tryptophan. Analysis of structural and topological features of all designed dendrimers provided information about their size, shape

  12. Risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients according to World Health Organization, Third Report National Cholesterol Education Program, and International Diabetes Federation definitions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Rodríguez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Angel Rodríguez1, Helena Delgado-Cohen1, Jesús Reviriego1, Manuel Serrano-Ríos21Clinical Research Department, Eli Lilly and Company, Madrid, Spain; 2Department of Internal Medicine II, Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Madrid, SpainBackground: The availability of several definitions of the metabolic syndrome has created potential confusion concerning its prognostic utility. At present, little data exist about the risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome in diabetic patients.Aim: To identify risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus according to three diagnostic criteria: World Health Organization (WHO, Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults – Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III, and International Diabetes Federation (IDF.Subjects and methods: A logistic regression model was used to identify demographic, clinical, and lifestyle variables related with metabolic syndrome (N = 1259.Results: Hypertension, dyslipidemia, and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c ≥7% were associated with increased risk of WHO-defined metabolic syndrome (odds ratio [OR], 2.33; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.60–3.40; OR, 1.79 95% CI: 1.25–2.55; and OR, 1.58; 95% CI: 1.12–2.22, respectively. The risk of presenting metabolic syndrome according to NCEP-ATP III criteria was increased in female patients (OR, 2.02; 95% CI: 1.37–2.97, elevated fasting glucose levels (OR, 5.99; 95% CI: 3.56–10.07, dyslipidemia (OR, 2.28; 95% CI: 1.57–3.32, hypertension (OR, 2.36; 95% CI: 1.59–3.53, and endocrine disorders (OR, 1.64; 95% CI: 1.06–2.57. For the IDF criteria, female patients and patients with left ventricular hypertrophy or insulin treatment were at higher risk of metabolic syndrome (OR, 4.00; 95% CI: 2.35–6.80; OR, 2.72 95% CI: 1.22–6.04; and OR, 1.96 95% CI: 1.24–3.11, respectively.Conclusions: The

  13. Patterns of Diversity of the Rissoidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ávila, Sérgio P.; Goud, Jeroen; de Frias Martins, António M.

    2012-01-01

    The geographical distribution of the Rissoidae in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea was compiled and is up-to-date until July 2011. All species were classified according to their mode of larval development (planktotrophic and nonplanktotrophic), and bathymetrical zonation (shallow species—those living between the intertidal and 50 m depth, and deep species—those usually living below 50 m depth). 542 species of Rissoidae are presently reported to the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, belonging to 33 genera. The Mediterranean Sea is the most diverse site, followed by Canary Islands, Caribbean, Portugal, and Cape Verde. The Mediterranean and Cape Verde Islands are the sites with higher numbers of endemic species, with predominance of Alvania spp. in the first site, and of Alvania and Schwartziella at Cape Verde. In spite of the large number of rissoids at Madeira archipelago, a large number of species are shared with Canaries, Selvagens, and the Azores, thus only about 8% are endemic to the Madeira archipelago. Most of the 542-rissoid species that live in the Atlantic and in the Mediterranean are shallow species (323), 110 are considered as deep species, and 23 species are reported in both shallow and deep waters. There is a predominance of nonplanktotrophs in islands, seamounts, and at high and medium latitudes. This pattern is particularly evident in the genera Crisilla, Manzonia, Onoba, Porosalvania, Schwartziella, and Setia. Planktotrophic species are more abundant in the eastern Atlantic and in the Mediterranean Sea. The results of the analysis of the probable directions of faunal flows support the patterns found by both the Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity and the geographical distribution. Four main source areas for rissoids emerge: Mediterranean, Caribbean, Canaries/Madeira archipelagos, and the Cape Verde archipelago. We must stress the high percentage of endemics that occurs in the isolated islands of Saint Helena, Tristan da Cunha

  14. Influence of FTO rs9939609 polymorphism on appetite, ghrelin, leptin, IL6, TNFα levels, and food intake of women with morbid obesity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magno FCCM

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos Magno,1 Helena Chrispim Guaraná,1 Ana Carolina Proença Fonseca,2 Giselda Maria Kalil Cabello,2 João Régis Ivar Carneiro,3 Aline Pereira Pedrosa,1 Ana Carolina Ximenes,1 Eliane Lopes Rosado1 1Institute of Nutrition, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; 2Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC, Human Genetics Laboratory, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil; 3Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho, Service of Nutrology, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil Background: The fat mass and obesity-related (FTO gene has a strong relationship with obesity, extreme obesity and inflammatory state, and may also be associated with food intake regulation.Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the rs9939609 single-nucleotide polymorphism of the FTO gene on appetite, ghrelin, leptin, interleukin 6 (IL6, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα levels and food intake of morbidly obese women.Materials and methods: The study comprised 70 women, aged between 20 and 48 years, from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The participants were selected according to the body mass index between 40 and 60 kg/m2. Anthropometric and biochemical data were measured during fasting. Hormones and inflammatory data were measured before and after the participants ate an isocaloric meal. Dietary records were calculated and analyzed using a nutritional assessment program. Visual analog scales were used for behaviors of the sensations of appetite and food preferences. The FTO rs9939609 variant was genotyped using real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: Participants with the AA genotype had lower values of ghrelin and IL6 and higher values of leptin than those with TT and TA in the postprandial period. Comparing the plasma concentrations of ghrelin, insulin, IL6 and TNFα intragenotypes, it was observed that those with TT had decreased leptin and increased IL6

  15. Assessment of clinical effects and safety of an oral supplement based on marine protein, vitamin C, grape seed extract, zinc, and tomato extract in the improvement of visible signs of skin aging in men

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    Costa A

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Adilson Costa,1,2 Elisangela Samartin Pegas Pereira,1 Elvira Cancio Assumpção,1 Felipe Borba Calixto dos Santos,1 Fernanda Sayuri Ota,1 Margareth de Oliveira Pereira,1 Maria Carolina Fidelis,1 Raquel Fávaro,1 Stephanie Selma Barros Langen,1 Lúcia Helena Favaro de Arruda,1 Eva Nydal Abildgaard3 1Department of Dermatology, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil; 2KOLderma Clinical Trials Institute, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil; 3Pfizer Consumer Healthcare, Nutritional Sciences, Copenhagen, Denmark Background: Skin aging is a natural process that may be aggravated by environmental factors. Topical products are the conventional means to combat aging; however, the use of oral supplements is on the rise to assist in the management of aged skin.Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects and safety of an oral supplement containing (per tablet marine protein (105 mg, vitamin C (27 mg, grape seed extract (13.75 mg, zinc (2 mg, and tomato extract (14.38 mg in the improvement of skin aging in men.Methods: This single-center, open-label, quasi-experimental clinical study enrolled 47 male subjects, aged 30–45 years, with phototypes I–IV on the Fitzpatrick scale. Subjects received two tablets of the oral supplement for 180 consecutive days. Each subject served as their own control. Clinical assessments were made by medical personnel and by the subjects, respectively. Objective assessments were carried out through pH measurements, sebumetry, corneometry, ultrasound scanning, skin biopsies, and photographic images.Results: Forty-one subjects (87% completed the study. Clinical improvements on both investigator- and subject-rated outcomes were found for the following parameters: erythema, hydration, radiance, and overall appearance (P<0.05. The objective measurements in the facial skin showed significant improvements from baseline in skin hydration (P<0.05, dermal ultrasound density (P<0.001, and

  16. Montana Valley and Foothill Prairies Ecoregion: Chapter 6 in Status and trends of land change in the Western United States--1973 to 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Janis L.

    2012-01-01

    The Montana Valley and Foothill Prairies Ecoregion comprises numerous intermountain valleys and low-elevation foothill prairies spread across the western half of Montana, on both sides of the Continental Divide (Omernik, 1987; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1997). The ecoregion, which covers approximately 64,658 km2 (24,965 mi2), includes the Flathead Valley and the valleys surrounding Helena, Missoula, Bozeman, Billings, Anaconda, Dillon, and Lewistown (fig. 1). These valleys are generally characterized by shortgrass prairie vegetation and are flanked by forested mountains (Woods and others, 1999); thus, the valleys’ biotas with regards to fish and insects are comparable. In many cases, the valleys are conduits for some of the largest rivers in the state, including Clark Fork and the Missouri, Jefferson, Madison, Flathead, Yellowstone, Gallatin, Smith, Big Hole, Bitterroot, and Blackfoot Rivers (fig. 2). The Montana Valley and Foothill Prairies Ecoregion also includes the “Rocky Mountain front,” an area of prairies along the eastern slope of the northern Rocky Mountains. Principal land uses within the ecoregion include farming, grazing, and mining. The valleys serve as major transportation and utility corridors and also contain the majority of Montana’s human population. The Montana Valley and Foothill Prairies Ecoregion extends into 17 mostly rural counties throughout western Montana. Only three of the counties—Carbon, Yellowstone, and Missoula—are part of a metropolitan statistical area with contiguous built-up areas tied to an employment center. Nearly two-thirds of Montana residents live in nonmetropolitan counties (Albrecht, 2008). Ten of the counties within the ecoregion had population growth rates greater than national averages (9–13 percent) between 1970 and 2000 (table 1). Ravalli and Gallatin Counties had the highest growth rates. Population growth was largely due to amenity-related inmigration and an economy dependent on tourism

  17. Ultrasmall cationic superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles as nontoxic and efficient MRI contrast agent and magnetic-targeting tool

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    Uchiyama MK

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Mayara Klimuk Uchiyama,1 Sergio Hiroshi Toma,1 Stephen Fernandes de Paula Rodrigues,2 Ana Lucia Borges Shimada,2 Rodrigo Azevedo Loiola,2 Hernán Joel Cervantes Rodríguez,3 Pedro Vitoriano Oliveira,4 Maciel Santos Luz,4 Said Rahnamaye Rabbani,3 Henrique Eisi Toma,1 Sandra Helena Poliselli Farsky,2 Koiti Araki11Laboratory of Supramolecular Chemistry and Nanotechnology, Department of Fundamental Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, 2Laboratory of Experimental Toxicology, Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analysis, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3Magnetic Resonance Laboratory, Department of General Physics, Institute of Physics, 4Analysis and Research Group in Spectrometry, Department of Fundamental Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BrazilAbstract: Fully dispersible, cationic ultrasmall (7 nm diameter superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, exhibiting high relaxivity (178 mM-1s-1 in 0.47 T and no acute or subchronic toxicity in Wistar rats, were studied and their suitability as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging and material for development of new diagnostic and treatment tools demonstrated. After intravenous injection (10 mg/kg body weight, they circulated throughout the vascular system causing no microhemorrhage or thrombus, neither inflammatory processes at the mesentery vascular bed and hepatic sinusoids (leukocyte rolling, adhesion, or migration as evaluated by intravital microscopy, but having been spontaneously concentrated in the liver, spleen, and kidneys, they caused strong negative contrast. The nanoparticles are cleared from kidneys and bladder in few days, whereas the complete elimination from liver and spleen occurred only after 4 weeks. Ex vivo studies demonstrated that cationic ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles caused no effects on hepatic and renal enzymes dosage as well as on leukocyte count. In addition, they were readily concentrated in rat

  18. Basement control in the development of the early cretaceous West and Central African rift system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maurin, Jean-Christophe; Guiraud, René

    1993-12-01

    -Early Cretaceous the St. Helena mantle plume may have had an important effect in weakening the lithosphere across a broad zone from Brazil to Sudan. However, causes of extension and stretching are likely to be found in a plate tectonic framework. At that time, the opening of both the Indian and Atlantic oceans were the dominant forces which favoured the development of the WCARS and its propagation by strike-slip movements and extensional displacements along pre-existing Pan-African lithospheric zones of weakness.

  19. Development and in vitro characterization of poly(lactide-co-glycolide microspheres loaded with an antibacterial natural drug for the treatment of long-term bacterial infections

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    Reinbold J

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Jochen Reinbold,1 Teresa Hierlemann,1 Helena Hinkel,1 Ingrid Müller,2 Martin E Maier,3 Tobias Weindl,4 Christian Schlensak,1 Hans Peter Wendel,1 Stefanie Krajewski1 1Department of Thoracic, Cardiac and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, 2Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Albstadt-Sigmaringen University, Sigmaringen, 3Institute of Organic Chemistry, University Tuebingen, Tuebingen, 4Aimecs GmbH, Pfarrkirchen, Germany Abstract: Biodegradable polymers, especially poly(lactide-co-glycolide (PLGA, have good biocompatibility and toxicological properties. In combination with active ingredients, a specialized drug delivery system can be generated. The aim of the present study was to develop a drug delivery system consisting of PLGA microspheres loaded with the natural active ingredient totarol, which has several antimicrobial mechanisms. Totarol, isolated from the Podocarpus totara tree, was purified using column chromatography, and the eluate was checked for purity using thin layer chromatography. The spherically shaped microspheres with mean diameters of 147.21±3.45 µm and 131.14±3.69 µm (totarol-loaded and -unloaded microspheres, respectively were created using the single emulsion evaporation method. Furthermore, the encapsulation efficiency, in a range of 84.72%±6.68% to 92.36%±0.99%, was measured via UV/vis spectroscopy. In a 90-day in vitro drug release study, the release of totarol was investigated by UV/vis spectroscopy as well, showing a release of 53.76%. The toxicity on cells was determined using BJ fibroblasts or Human Embryonic Kidney cells and an 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, which showed no influence on the cell growth. The minimal inhibitory concentration was ascertained. A totarol concentration between 64 µg/mL and 128 µg/mL was necessary to inhibit the bacterial growth over a period of 24 hours. Biofilm formation on the surface of totarol

  20. PREDICCIÓN PRENATAL DE LA MADURACIÓN PULMONAR FETAL POR DETERMINACIÓN DE FOSFOLÍPIDOS Y POR RECUENTO DE CUERPOS LAMELARES EN LÍQUIDO AMNIÓTICO

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    Ariel Iván Ruiz-Parra

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen

    Introducción. La relación Lecitina/Esfingomielina en líquido amniótico es patrón oro para hacer una buena predicción prenatal de la madurez pulmonar fetal, de primordial importancia en la prevención del síndrome de dificultad respiratoria; sin embargo, se han desarrollado pruebas más rápidas, económicas y fácilmente disponibles. El recuento de cuerpos lamelares llena esos criterios.

    Objetivos. Evaluar el valor del fosfatildilglicerol, fosfatidilinositol, fosfatidilserina y el recuento de cuerpos lamelares para el diagnóstico de la maduración pulmonar fetal, comparándolos con diferentes niveles de la relación Lecitina/Esfi ngomielina.

    Materiales y métodos. Los fosfolípidos se determinaron por cromatografía unidimensional en capa delgada por el método Helena Fetal-Tek 200, la lecitina y la esfingomielina se midieron por densitometría y el recuento de cuerpos lamelares se hizo con el contador hematológico CELL-DYN 3200. Se determinaron las características operativas según tres criterios de la relación Lecitina/Esfingomielina.

    Resultados. Se analizaron 1234 muestras. El 99.5% de los líquidos con fosfatidilglicerol positivo tenían una relación Lecitina/Esfingomielina _> 2.0 pero el 70% de los líquidos negativos tenían la misma relación.

    El fosfatidilinositol tuvo una sensibilidad del 91.5% al 95.7% y una especifi cidad del 53% al 79.7% para detectar maduración pulmonar. Un recuento de 10.500 cuerpos lamelares/ micro L tuvo sensibilidad del 85.08%, especificidad del 82.42%, “Razón de verosimilitud” o LR (+ de 4.83 y LR (- de 0.18, para detectar relación Lecitina/ Esfingomielina _>2.0. Para detectar relación Lecitina/ Esfingomielina _> 2.5, un recuento de 13.100 cuerpos lamelares /micro L tuvo sensibilidad de 82.5%, especificidad del 80.6%, LR (+ de 4.26 y LR (- de 0.21. Para detectar relación de Lecitina/ Esfingomielina de _> 3.0, un recuento de

  1. Resistencia al ácido acetil salicílico en pacientes con enfermedad coronaria Acetylsalicylic acid resistance in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease

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    Boris E. Vesga

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la anti-agregación plaquetaria es "piedra angular" en el tratamiento de la enfermedad cardiovascular. El ácido acetil salicílico es la terapia de elección en dosis entre 81-325 mg para la prevención y tratamiento de la enfermedad coronaria. Objetivo: caracterizar la agregación plaquetaria en sujetos con enfermedad coronaria estable, consumidores de ácido acetil salicílico, para determinar la prevalencia de resistencia. Metodología: previa aprobación por los Comités de Ética y de Investigaciones de la Institución, se efectuó un estudio descriptivo transversal en sujetos de 40 años y mayores, con diagnóstico de angina estable que ingresaron para realización de angiografía coronaria. Se obtuvo una muestra de sangre venosa periférica para determinar la agregación plaquetaria mediante ácido araquidónico, epinefrina, colágeno y ADP en un agregómetro HELENA PACKS-4. La resistencia al ácido acetil salicílico se definió al tener agregaciones con ácido araquidónico mayores al 20%. El análisis estadístico se desarrolló con la prueba exacta de Fisher, prueba t de Student y Mann-Whitney de acuerdo con la distribución de las variables. Resultados: se incluyeron 71 sujetos; 51 (71,8% varones, edad 63,5 ± 9,4 años. Con factores de riesgo: 52 (73,2% con dislipidemia, 48 (67,6% con hipertensión arterial, 15 (21,1% con diabetes mellitus y 9 (12,7% con tabaquismo. Angiografía coronaria con enfermedad de 1 vaso en 31 (15,9%, y enfermedad multivaso en 58 (81,7%. Los valores de agregometría plaquetaria obtenidos fueron: ADP 64 ± 19,1%, colágeno 72 ± 18,9%, epinefrina 43,8 ± 23,9% y ácido araquidónico 26,1 ± 33,7%, siendo este el mejor marcador del efecto del ácido acetil salicílico. La prevalencia de resistencia fue de 28,2% (IC 95%: 18,1-40,1. Conclusión: la resistencia al ácido acetil salicílico en nuestra población es altamente prevalente, por lo que se debe considerar la medición de rutina de la

  2. MANEJO DO SOLO E SUAS RELAÇÕES COM A ACIDEZ E A DISPONIBILIDADE DE MICRONUTRIENTES SOIL AND MICRONUTRIENT ACIDITY AVAILABILITY AS AFFECTED BY SOIL MANAGEMENT

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    Renato Sérgio Mota dos Santos

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    A acidez é uma importante característica dos principais solos do cerrado, como os latossolos (56% e as areias quartzosas (20%. O estudo foi conduzido na Fazenda Três Irmãos em Santa Helena (GO com as culturas da soja, milho, arroz de terras altas e feijão, submetidas a quatro manejos do solo: 1 plantio direto; 2 escarificação profunda; 3 grade aradora e 4 aração profunda, e a três níveis de adubação: 1 fertilidade natural; 2 recomendação oficial e 3 equivalente à exportação pelos grãos. A distribuição do alumínio no solo foi influenciada pelos diferentes tipos de manejos em função das máquinas e implementos exigidos pelos diferentes sistemas. As áreas submetidas ao plantio direto apresentaram teor de alumínio mais elevado na camada superficial do solo após a primeira cultura. Ao contrário, os altos teores de alumínio na camada superficial, nas áreas submetidas á escarificação profunda foram observados após a última cultura. As áreas trabalhadas por grade aradora mostraram resultados mais próximos daquelas trabalhadas com arado de aiveca, porém em menor grau. Na área onde se realizou aração profunda, teores constantes de alumínio foram observados em todas as faixas de solo. Maiores valores do pH foram observados na camada superficial do solo submetido à aração profunda. O feno e o manganês foram mais uniformes nas camadas mais profundas onde o solo foi submetido à aração profunda. Nenhuma variação foi observada em relação à aplicação de fertilizantes.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Fertilidade do solo; micronutrientes; plantio direto; sistemas agrícolas.

    The acidity is an important characteristic of the main soils of Brazilian Savanna as Latosol (56% and Quartzpsemment (20%. This study was carried out at Três Irmãos farm, in Santa

  3. EVALUATION OF GRAIN SORGHUM CULTIVARS FOR DOUBLE CROPPING IN THE SOUTHWEST OF GOIÁS STATE, BRAZIL AVALIAÇÃO DE CULTIVARES DE SORGO GRANÍFERO NA SAFRINHA NO SUDOESTE DO ESTADO DE GOIÁS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Bezerra de Morães

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Sorghum is a crop of great importance for double cropping, in the Brazilian Central-West region. Within this region, in the Southwestern Goiás State, a research was conducted to select sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench cultivars, in the municipalities of Montividiu, Rio Verde, and Santa Helena de Goiás. A randomized blocks design, with four replications, was used. The grain sorghum cultivars tested were: BR 304, 741, 822, Catuy, and the experimental hybrid V 00069. The cultivars were sown on March 5, 2005. The evaluated characteristics were: yield, weight of thousand grains, plant height, and flowering and maturation dates. The results showed the interaction genotype x environment for all evaluated characteristics. The region of Montividiu presented better potential for sorghum grain production. Early flowering and harvest allowed higher grain yields.

     

  4. PREFACE: John Desmond Bernal: Science and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Vincent

    2007-02-01

    This meeting, held in the Limerick Institute of Technology, on Thursday 1 June 2006, was organised by the Munster Group of the Institute of Physics in Ireland to commemorate the life and work of John Desmond Bernal. Bernal, was born in Nenagh in 1901. Alan Mackay, who worked with Bernal at Birkbeck College coins the word 'Polytropic' to describe Bernal. He was active and hugely influential in a wide range of areas such as science, politics and society, and was instrumental in the creation of whole new areas of intellectual endeavour such as the 'science of science', molecular biology, and operations research. Andrew Brown's analogy for Bernal's mind is that 'it was like a diamond—beautifully structured, multifaceted and dazzling to behold'. In relation to Bernal, Helena Sheehan states that: 'His legacy is complex. All the more so because he was marxist in philosophy, communist in politics, polyamorous in sexuality.'. Like religion, these are areas that conventional scientists tend to shy away from or at the very least consign to very separate and often neglected 'compartments'. According to Sheehan, 'Bernal came to marxism seriously and intelligently. He found in its philosophical framework a structure in which he could live, think, create, pursue science, act politically and develop further. It opened him radically to the world, rather than closing him down or constricting him, as critics imply.'. And his contributions to science and to society are significant and enduring. Just two areas of 'his science' were addressed in some detail at this meeting. Martin Caffrey treats the area of structural biology in the context of modern developments but focusing on Bernal's role in its evolution. John Finney gives an account of Bernal's 'two bouts of activity' on the structure of water and as Bernal's last PhD student he gives unique insights on how Bernal worked and why he 'did science'. Bernal writes in response to a well wisher on his 70th birthday: 'I am sure that

  5. Reseñas de Libros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Estrella González

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Aragüés, Juan Manuel, Líneas de fuga. Filosofía contra la sociedad idota. Madrid, Fundación de Investigaciones Marxistas, 2002, 172 pp.Páginas 183-184Alejandro Estrella GonzálezArroyo Martín, José Víctor, La Banca en España en el período de entreguerras, 1920-1935. Un modelo de modernización y crecimiento. Bilbao, Archivo Histórico BBVA, 2003, 303 pp.Páginas 184-186José Víctor Arroyo MartínBuriano Castro, Ana (ed., Tras la Memoria. El Asilo Diplomático en Tiempos de la Operación Cóndor. México D.F., Instituto Mora, Instituto de Cultura de la Ciudad de México, 2000, 291 pp.Páginas 186-188Jesús Fernández GarcíaCuenca Toribio, José Manuel, Conversaciones con Alfonso Armada: el 23F. Madrid, Actas, 2001, 254 pp.Páginas 188-190David Molina RabadánHijano del Río, Manuel; Ruiz Romero, Manuel, Documentos para la historia de la autonomía andaluza (1882-1982. Málaga, Sarriá, 2001, 650 pp.Páginas 190-192Carlos Alberto Chernichero DíazIrujo, José María, La lista negra. Los espías nazis protegidos por Franco y la Iglesia. Madrid, Aguilar, 2003, 2ª ed., 254 pp.Páginas 192-194Julio Pérez SerranoNye, Joseph S., La paradoja del poder norteamericano. Madrid, Taurus, 2003, 303 pp.Páginas 195-196Marcela Iglesias OnofrioPopovich, Pavel (ed., Orbits of peace and progress. Moscú, Mir Publishers, 1988, 304 pp.Páginas 196-199Rafael Gómez SánchezRodríguez Jiménez, José Luis, Los esclavos españoles de Hitler. Barcelona, Planeta, 2002, 321 pp.Páginas 199-201Gonzalo Ruiz BidónRufin, Jean-Christophe, Globalia. Paris, Editions Gallimard, 2003, 495 pp.Páginas 201-203Jean Marie IzquierdoSantacreu Soler, José Miguel; García Andreu, Mariano, La transició democràtica al País Valencià. Simat de la Valldigna, La Xara Edicions, 2002, 158 pp.Páginas 203-204Helena Ruiz CondeStiglitz, Joseph E., El malestar en la globalización. Madrid, Suma de Letras, 2003, 471 pp.Páginas 205-206Alfonso Galindo LucasTorres Villanueva, Eugenio

  6. The role of PHD2 mutations in the pathogenesis of erythrocytosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gardie B

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Betty Gardie,1,2 Melanie J Percy,3 David Hoogewijs,4 Rasheduzzaman Chowdhury,5 Celeste Bento,6 Patrick R Arsenault,7 Stéphane Richard,1,8,9 Helena Almeida,6 Joanne Ewing,10 Frédéric Lambert,11 Mary Frances McMullin,12 Christopher J Schofield,5 Frank S Lee7 1Laboratoire de Génétique Oncologique de l'Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Villejuif, 2Unité Mixte de Recherche, Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale U892, Centre national de la recherche scientifique 6299, Centre de Recherche en Cancérologie Nantes/Angers, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France; 3Department of Haematology, Belfast City Hospital, Belfast, UK; 4Institute of Physiology and Zürich Center for Integrative Human Physiology, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland; 5Department of Chemistry and Oxford Centre for Integrative Systems Biology, Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 6Department of Hematology, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; 7Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; 8Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale U753, Institut de cancérologie Gustave Roussy (IGR, Villejuif, France; 9Faculté de Médecine Paris-Sud, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France; 10Heart of England NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK; 11Center for Human Genetics, Pathology Institute, UniLab-Lg, Molecular Haemato-Oncology Unit, CHU of Liege, Liege, Belgium; 12Department of Haematology, Queen's University, Belfast, UK Abstract: The transcription of the erythropoietin (EPO gene is tightly regulated by the hypoxia response pathway to maintain oxygen homeostasis. Elevations in serum EPO level may be reflected in an augmentation in the red cell mass, thereby causing erythrocytosis. Studies on erythrocytosis have provided insights into the function of the oxygen-sensing pathway and the critical proteins involved in the regulation

  7. Diabetes-Related Behavior Change Knowledge Transfer to Primary Care Practitioners and Patients: Implementation and Evaluation of a Digital Health Platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abidi, Samina; Vallis, Michael; Piccinini-Vallis, Helena; Imran, Syed Ali; Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

    2018-04-18

    delivered through a mobile patient diary via mobile phones and tablets. DWISE has been tested for its usability, functionality, usefulness, and acceptance through a series of qualitative studies. For the primary care practitioner tool, most usability problems were associated with the navigation of the tool and the presentation, formatting, understandability, and suitability of the content. For the patient tool, most issues were related to the tool's screen layout, design features, understandability of the content, clarity of the labels used, and navigation across the tool. Facilitators and barriers to DWISE use in a shared decision-making environment have also been identified. This work has provided a unique electronic health solution to translate complex health care knowledge in terms of easy-to-use, evidence-informed, point-of-care decision aids for primary care practitioners. Patients' feedback is now being used to make necessary modification to DWISE. ©Samina Abidi, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Syed Ali Imran, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi. Originally published in JMIR Medical Informatics (http://medinform.jmir.org), 18.04.2018.

  8. Qualidade e potencial de conservação pós-colheita dos frutos em cultivares brasileiras de goiabeira-serrana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassandro Vidal Talamini do Amarante

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliada a manutenção da qualidade pós-colheita dos frutos em cultivares brasileiras de goiabeira-serrana. Frutos das cultivares Alcântara, Helena, Mattos e Nonante foram colhidos na maturação comercial, no município de São Joaquim-SC, e armazenados a 4±1 ºC (90±5% UR, durante 21 dias, seguido de 8 e 48 h a 23±1 ºC (75±5% UR. Foram avaliadas a composição mineral (N, K, Mg e Ca na colheita e a qualidade dos frutos na colheita e após o armazenamento. Frutos da cultivar Nonante apresentaram na colheita maiores valores de acidez titulável (AT pH e de atributos de textura, e menores valores de pH e da relação sólidos solúveis/acidez titulável (SS/AT, sendo que, após o armazenamento refrigerado, este comportamento foi reduzido, com menores diferenças em relação às demais cultivares. Frutos de 'Nonante' apresentaram também maiores teores de K na casca e polpa, e menores teores de N na polpa e, após o armazenamento refrigerado, cor verde menos intensa na casca e menor escurecimento de polpa. Em relação aos dados de colheita, após o armazenamento refrigerado, houve maior redução na AT (41% do que no teor de SS (8,6%, o que ocasionou acentuado aumento na relação SS/AT (52,5%, considerando valores médios das quatro cultivares. Isto evidencia que, em goiaba-serrana, os ácidos orgânicos representam o principal substrato respiratório durante o armazenamento, o que compromete a qualidade sensorial pelo aumento na relação SS/AT. Frutos de 'Alcântara' foram também avaliados quanto aos efeitos do dano mecânico na colheita e do retardo no armazenamento refrigerado, na qualidade após o armazenamento. O dano mecânico na colheita (dano por queda, a uma altura de 50 cm, sobre uma superfície rígida ocasionou mínimo comprometimento da qualidade após o armazenamento refrigerado. Frutos desta cultivar apresentaram redução na AT (31%, textura da periderme (33% e força para a compressão (13%, e aumento no pH (20% e

  9. Rapid virological response of telaprevir and boceprevir in a Brazilian cohort of HCV genotype 1 patients: a multicenter longitudinal study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borba HHL

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Helena HL Borba,1 Astrid Wiens,1 Laiza M Steimbach,1 Fernanda S Tonin,1 Maria LA Pedroso,2 Cláudia AP Ivantes,3 Fernando Fernandez-Llimos,4 Roberto Pontarolo1 1Pharmaceutical Sciences Postgraduate Research Program, Department of Pharmacy, 2Gastroenterology Service, Hospital de Clínicas, Federal University of Paraná, 3Guidance and Counseling Center, Curitiba City Hall, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil; 4Department of Social Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Research Institute for Medicines, University of Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal Background: Chronic hepatitis C is a major public health issue, but there is a gap in the literature regarding the effectiveness and safety of direct-acting antiviral agents in the Brazilian population. The main aim of this study was to describe the effectiveness of boceprevir and telaprevir in patients treated at public health care institutions in Brazil.Materials and methods: A prospective longitudinal and multicenter study was conducted in five centers in the State of Paraná between September 2014 and June 2016. Data regarding effectiveness and safety were collected from medical records of patients treated with boceprevir or telaprevir. The effectiveness outcome comprised the rapid virological response (RVR. Multivariate analysis was performed to verify the influence of independent variables (ie, age, gender, baseline viral load on RVR achievement.Results: Data were collected from 117 patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV genotype 1 infection. Fifteen patients received treatment with boceprevir and 102 received telaprevir. The mean age was 51.6 years, 64.1% were male, 44.4% were infected with HCV subtype 1a, 62.4% had a high baseline viral load (≥800,000 IU/mL and 33% were cirrhotic. Furthermore, 79.5% of patients achieved RVR (26.7% in the boceprevir group and 87.3% in the telaprevir group. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the type of protease inhibitor (boceprevir or telaprevir and the baseline viral load

  10. Proceedings - II Nanosciesce and Nanotecnology Biomedicals Symposium

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    Luís Monteiro Rodrigues et al

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Programa Open Session | Sessão de abertura Pres. do Conselho de Admin. do INFARMED, Dr. Eurico Castro Alves Pres. do Conselho de Admin. da Univ Lusófona, Manuel de A. Damásio Diretor da Escola de Ciências e Tecnologias da Saúde Luís Monteiro Rodrigues (Presidente do Simpósio Presidente da Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências em Animais de Laboratório, Isabel V. Figueiredo 1st Session |Sessão 1 Nanomedicine: past and future | Nanomedicina: passado e futuro Chairman | Moderador - João Nuno Moreira Speakers | Prelectores C.01 - Liposomes technology platform for clinical applications Lipossomas com aplicações clínicas Manuela Gaspar C.02 - The nanotechnology applied to the field of regenerative medicine: a big contribute at the nanoscale A nanotecnologia aplicada à medicina regenerativa: um grande contributo para a nanoescala Ana Paula Pêgo C.03 - Perspectives in solid lipid nanoparticles development Perspectivas no desenvolvimento de nanopartículas sólidas lipídicas Slamovira Doktorovova 1st Session (continuation | Sessão 1 (continuação Nanomedicine: past and future | Nanomedicina: presente e futuro Chairman | Moderador - Helena Florindo Speakers | Prelectores C.04 - Oral delivery of insulin A administração oral de insulina Philippe Maincent C.05 - Targeted nano-oncologicals to battle cancer Nanoprodutos direccionados ao tratamento do cancro Maria Fuente C.06 - Polysaccharide-based nanoparticles: useful tools in transmucosal nano drug delivery Ana Grenha 2st Session | Sessão 2 Biomedical nanotechnologies | Nanotecnologias biomédicas Chairman | Moderador - António Almeida Speakers | Prelectores C.07 - Development of a new approach to the periodontal regeneration Desenvolvimento de uma nova abordagem para a regeneração periodontal Carlos Viegas C.08 - The path from milli through micro to nano: Does size matter in the encapsulation and delivery of bioactive therapeutics? Transição da escala micro para nano: o tamanho importa

  11. A alfabetização nos manuais didáticos: o estado da arte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enilda Fernandes

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho compõe pesquisa em andamento, “A Alfabetização nos ManuaisDidáticos Utilizados na Escola Normal de São Paulo para a Instrução dos Normalistas(1909-1945”. A temática e o método vinculam-se a uma pesquisa interinstitucional, “OManual Didático como instrumento de trabalho nas escolas secundária e normal (1835-1945”, financiado pelo Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico(CNPq e coordenado pela professora, Drª. Sílvia Helena Andrade de Brito, cujos membrosestão vinculados ao HISTEDBR, da unidade regional de Mato Grosso do Sul. Escolheu-secomo marco inicial da pesquisa o ano de 1909, em razão de que nesse momento o ensinonormal paulista apresentou uma expansão geográfica significativa, bem como sofreumodificações nos currículos, com especialização de matérias. Como marco final elegeu-seo ano de 1945, dadas as exigências históricas, dentro das quais se delinearam as reformaseducacionais e os Decretos-Lei (Leis Orgânicas do Ensino, que balizaram as novasdisposições e organização escolar, no governo Vargas. A escolha da Escola Normal de SãoPaulo como locus da pesquisa decorreu da sua condição de forma mais desenvolvida dessamodalidade de ensino, no período republicano e por ser o espaço onde se consolidou omodelo de ensino público elementar e normal. Trata-se de uma pesquisa que tem comoobjetivo apreender os manuais na condição de instrumentos didáticos, com foco naalfabetização. Para fins desta fase da pesquisa, buscou-se levantar o estado da arte sobremanuais didáticos voltados à alfabetização, o qual compõe os seguintes trabalhos: estudoanalítico de teses e dissertações que investigam a alfabetização, análises de cartilhas eanálise de manuais pedagógicos na alfabetização. Assim, o estado da arte apontou aspectosque não foram explorados nessas pesquisas, e que se encontram ainda em aberto paraanálise. Trata-se da ausência de pesquisas focadas

  12. Slab-derived components in the subcontinental lithospheric mantle beneath Chilean Patagonia: Geochemistry and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes of mantle xenoliths and host basalt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalowitzki, Tiago; Gervasoni, Fernanda; Conceição, Rommulo V.; Orihashi, Yuji; Bertotto, Gustavo W.; Sumino, Hirochika; Schilling, Manuel E.; Nagao, Keisuke; Morata, Diego; Sylvester, Paul

    2017-11-01

    modified oceanic crust throughout the initial stages of the Farallón-Aluk ridge collision during Paleocene to Eocene time. However, based on the tectonic evolution of southern South America, we cannot exclude the influence of long-lived subduction events beneath south Patagonia. Although we believe that the studied samples were brought to the surface in this geodynamic context, there is no evidence that ocean island basalt (OIB)-like melts related to the Farallón-Aluk asthenospheric slab window affected the peridotite composition. The host alkaline basalt is a single unit with a HIMU-like OIB signature characterized by marked positive Nb-Ta anomalies coupled with negative anomalies in highly incompatible and fluid-mobile elements (Rb, K, Pb, and Sr). The compositional similarity between the HIMU-like OIB mantle source and the host basalt is also evident from trace element ratios [(Ba-Th-K-La-Zr)/Nb] as well as by the low 87Sr/86Sri (0.703039-0.703058) and relatively high 143Nd/144Ndi (0.512880-0.512874) and 206Pb/204Pb (19.333-19.389) isotopic ratios. The low 206Pb/204Pb ratios compared to end-member HIMU lavas (e.g., Sta. Helena and the Cook-Austral Islands) suggest that this region was modified by processes associated with a prolonged period of subduction related to the Andean orogenesis and the recycling of several oceanic plates beneath the continent, following the Mesozoic breakup of Gondwana or an even older subduction-related event with young recycling ages (< 2 Ga).

  13. Differential microRNA expression signatures and cell type-specific association with Taxol resistance in ovarian cancer cells

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    Kim YW

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Yong-Wan Kim,1 Eun Young Kim,1 Doin Jeon,1 Juinn-Lin Liu,2 Helena Suhyun Kim,3 Jin Woo Choi,4 Woong Shick Ahn5 1Cancer Research Institute of Medical Science, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2Brain Tumor Center, Department of Neuro-Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, TX, USA; 3Cancer Rehab Laboratory, RH Healthcare Systems Inc, TX, USA; 4Harvard Medical School and Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Cambridge, MA, USA; 5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea Abstract: Paclitaxel (Taxol resistance remains a major obstacle for the successful treatment of ovarian cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs have oncogenic and tumor suppressor activity and are associated with poor prognosis phenotypes. miRNA screenings for this drug resistance are needed to estimate the prognosis of the disease and find better drug targets. miRNAs that were differentially expressed in Taxol-resistant ovarian cancer cells, compared with Taxol-sensitive cells, were screened by Illumina Human MicroRNA Expression BeadChips. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR was used to identify target genes of selected miRNAs. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis was applied to identify dysregulated miRNAs in ovarian cancer patients using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas. A total of 82 miRNAs were identified in ovarian carcinoma cells compared to normal ovarian cells. miR-141, miR-106a, miR-200c, miR-96, and miR-378 were overexpressed, and miR-411, miR-432, miR-494, miR-409-3p, and miR-655 were underexpressed in ovarian cancer cells. Seventeen miRNAs were overexpressed in Taxol-resistant cells, including miR-663, miR-622, and HS_188. Underexpressed miRNAs in Taxol-sensitive cells included miR-497, miR-187, miR-195, and miR-107. We further showed miR-663 and miR-622 as significant prognosis markers of the chemo-resistant patient group. In particular, the

  14. Natural history of bleeding and characteristics of early bleeders among warfarin initiators – a cohort study in Finland

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    Rikala M

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Maria Rikala,1 Helena Kastarinen,1,2 Pekka Tiittanen,1 Risto Huupponen,1,3 Maarit Jaana Korhonen1,4,5 1Department of Pharmacology, Drug Development and Therapeutics, University of Turku, Turku, 2Social Insurance Institution, Regional Office for Eastern and Northern Finland, Kuopio, 3Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Turku University Hospital, 4Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; 5Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA Aims: The demand for oral anticoagulant therapy will continue to increase in the future along with the aging of the population. This study aimed to determine the rate of bleeding requiring hospitalization and to characterize early bleeders among persons initiating warfarin therapy. Characterization of those most susceptible to early bleeding is important in order to increase the safety of warfarin initiation. Patients and methods: Using data from nationwide health registers, we identified persons initiating warfarin therapy between January 1, 2009 and June 30, 2012, n=101,588, and followed them until hospitalization for bleeding, death, or administrative end of the study (December 31, 2012. We defined early bleeders as persons with a bleeding requiring hospitalization within 30 days since warfarin initiation. Results: The rate of hospitalization for bleeding during a median follow-up of 1.9 years was 2.6% per person-year (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.5%–2.7%, with a peak within the first 30 days of warfarin initiation (6.5% per person-year, 95% CI 6.0%–7.1%. In a multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, early bleeders were characterized by prior bleeding (<180 days before initiation, hazard ratio [HR] =13.7, 95% CI 10.9–17.1; during 180 days–7 years before initiation, HR =1.48, 95% CI 1.15–1.90, male sex (HR =1.32, 95% CI 1.10–1.57, older age (HR =1.13, 95% CI 1.04–1

  15. Church of St. Peter and Paul in the village under Kopaonik

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    Raičević Slobodan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In the border of the municipality towards Kosovo, Kuršumlija preserved the St. Cemetery's church of Peter and Paul in village Lukovo near the famous rehabilitation center Lukovo's spa. Church is one nave with a semicircular apse at the east vaults with semicircular arch reinforced with cross sec­tion curve, which relies on a few strong pilasters placed inside long walls. According to folk tradition the church was built in the middle ages and served to diggers and foundries of lead ores of King Milutin. Upon termination of exploitation ore the church neglected and in the 19th century it suffered its first renewal 1871st and another 1895th year. Saved epigraphic inscription with carved year of renewal (1895th, icons and wall decor of the church provide information about reliably judging its recent history and artistic value. Soon after the bricklaying work 1895th Church has received from the altar wall of icons, and after that, and mural painting small artistic value. The crown of the vault is painted Pantocrator, about whose performances are painted scenes of the Transfiguration, Ascension of Christ, Vavedenje and Entry into Jerusalem. On the western wall are shown the Dormition of the Mother of God and in the first zone are shown standing figures of Sts. Constantine and Helena, St. Simon Mir refills and St. Prince Lazar - kefaloforos. On the triumphal arch are Old. Testament scenes of hospitality and sacrifice of Abraham and in the apse bust of God Savaot. In the zone of standing figures are shown Sts. Druid, St. Czar Uroš and St. King Stephen, St. Sunday, St. Petka, St. Procopius, and St. George. From the figures standing at the altar of bishops are shown St. John Chrysostom, St. Sava Serbian, St. Basil the Great and St. Athanasius. There was saved the altar compartments with icons. At the czar's gate are shown Blagovesti and in the order of main icons: Christ Almighty, Mother of God with Christ, St. John the Forerunner, icons of patron St

  16. Un análisis de la estructura termal de la estación costera 'La Libertad' y su relación con los eventos ENSO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available ANALYSE DE LA STRUCTURE THERMIQUE DE L’OCEAN A LA STATION «LA LIBERTAD» ET DE SA RELATION AVEC L’ENSO. L’Institut Océanographique Militaire (INOCAR assure tous les 20 jours, depuis 1990, des mesures dans une colonne d’eau de 100 m de profondeur, à dix milles au large du port équatorien de La Libertad, situé dans la Péninsule de Santa Helena. On y observe des ondes équatoriales qui provoquent une augmentation du niveau moyen de l’eau et un enfoncement des isothermes, ce qui permet de considérer que leur distribution est liée à l’apparition des événements ENSO. Nous avons déterminé par ailleurs la relation entre le niveau moyen de l’océan et la profondeur des isothermes. Pour cela nous avons choisi l’isotherme de 20°C que l’on supposera représentative de la distribution thermique (de l’océan dans cette station côtière. El Instituto Oceanográfico de la Armada (INOCAR mantiene desde 1990 hasta la fecha una estación costera a 10 millas náuticas frente a las costa del puerto de La Libertad (Península de Santa Elena, en la que se efectúa un muestreo de toda la columna de agua desde la superficie hasta los 100 m de profundidad, cada 20 días. Del análisis preliminar se ha podido observar que la distribución de las isotermas responde a la presencia de los eventos ENSO como se conoce, durante un episodio ENSO la costa del Ecuador es visitada por ondas ecuatoriales, las cuales a su paso producen una elevación del nivel medio del mar y una profundización de las isotermas. Por lo que se considera que esta distribución de las isotermas guarda relación con la ocurrencia de los eventos ENSO frente a nuestras costas. Por otro lado se determina la relación existente entre el nivel del mar y la profundización de las isotermas. Para este efecto, se simplificó la distribución térmica de la estación costera de La Libertad, seleccionando la isoterma de 20°C, por considerarla representativa de la distribución t

  17. Home-Based Intervention Program to Reduce Food Insecurity in Elderly Populations Using a TV App: Study Protocol of the Randomized Controlled Trial Saúde.Come Senior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Ana Maria; Gregório, Maria João; Gein, Pierre; Eusébio, Mónica; Santos, Maria José; de Sousa, Rute Dinis; Coelho, Pedro S; Mendes, Jorge M; Graça, Pedro; Oliveira, Pedro; Branco, Jaime C; Canhão, Helena

    2017-03-13

    considering that 50% of the target individuals are food insecure (based on INFOFAMÍLIA Survey) (567) and about 50% of those will adhere to the study (282). The randomized controlled trial with the 12-week home-based intervention with a comprehensive program on healthy eating and physical activity delivery is planned to start recruiting participants at the end of 2017. This study will assess the efficacy of this innovative tool (Saúde.Come Senior) for disseminating relevant health information, modifying behaviors, and decreasing food insecurity in an easy, low-cost, and massive way. ©Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 13.03.2017.

  18. La condición física como determinante de salud en personas jóvenes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonatan Ruiz Ruiz

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Conocer la relación entre capacidad aeróbica, fuerza muscular y factores de riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular en niños y adolescentes es de interés científico y sanitario. Además, para poder interpretar de una manera más precisa estas asociaciones es necesario disponer de una metodología sencilla y fiable. Esto puede ayudar a crear estrategias de prevención primaria desde las edades más tempranas. El objetivo general de esta memoria de Tesis Doctoral es estudiar la relación entre condición física (especialmente capacidad aeróbica y fuerza muscular y factores de riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular en jóvenes, así como desarrollar nuevos métodos de estimación de la capacidad aeróbica y fuerza muscular en adolescentes. Un total de 873 niños de 9 a 10 años y 971 adolescentes de 12 a 19 años conforman las poblaciones que han participado en los tres estudios de cohortes incluidos en la presente memoria de Tesis: El estudio AVENA (Alimentación y Valoración del Estado Nutricional de los Adolescentes Españoles, el EYHS (European Youth Heart Study, y el estudio HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence. Los principales resultados de la memoria de Tesis sugieren que: a La condición física se relaciona con parámetros de salud en niños y adolescentes. b La capacidad aeróbica se asocia inversamente con factores tradicionales de enfermedad cardiovascular en niños de 9 a 10 años. c La capacidad aeróbica se asocia con un factor novel de enfermedad cardiovascular tal como la homocisteína en niñas adolescentes, y esto tras ajustar por distintas variables de confusión incluido el genotipo MTHFR 677C>T. d La fuerza muscular se asocia a proteínas de inflamación aguda tales como la proteína C reactiva en adolescentes. e Se ha desarrollado y validado una nueva fórmula de estimación del consumo máximo de oxígeno a partir del resultado obtenido en el test de ida y vuelta de 20 metros, el sexo, la edad, el

  19. A watershed-scale approach to tracing metal contamination in the environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Church, Stanley E

    1996-01-01

    watersheds in the western U.S. A different approach to the scope of the abandoned mine problem (Church et al., 1996a) is shown by the water quality data collected by the States under the Clean Water Act, section 305(b). These data document the stream reaches affected by metals from naturally occurring sources as well as from mining, or mineral resource extraction. Permitted discharges from active industrial and mine sites are not covered in the 305(b) data base.Local citizens and state and federal agencies are all part of the collaborative decision process used to select the drainage basins chosen for the AML Initiative pilot studies. Data gathered by these three entities were brought to bear on the watershed selection process. The USGS prepared data available from Federal data bases in the form of interpretative GIS products. Maps of the states of Colorado (Plumlee et al., 1995) and a similar study of the state of Montana (USGS, unpublished data) were used to select the Animas watershed in southwestern Colorado and the Boulder watershed southwest of Helena Montana as the pilot study areas for the AML Initiative. Thus, the watersheds selected for study were public decisions made on the basis of available scientific data. The role of the U.S. Geological Survey in the Abandoned Mine Land Initiative is outlined in Buxton et al. (1997).The watershed approach to metals contamination in the environment has been studied in several drainage basins (Church et al., 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996b; Kimball et al., 1995). The underlying principles used to successfully discriminate between sources and to quantify the impact of these sources on the environment are the subject of this report.

  20. The warm chain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, J Z

    1985-01-01

    from Acapulco on February 8, 1805 with 26 Mexican boys who were to be used for arm-to-arm vaccination. On May 16 Balmis proposed the establishment of a central board of vaccination in Manila for the production, conservation, and distribution of lymph. He also opened a centre to which all residents of the city could come to be inoculated. The calves of the native water buffalo, "caraboa," were used to produce the vaccine, which was shipped to the provinces in glycerine protected by glass slides sealed in paraffin in capillary tubes or in small bottles. A singular set of barriers faced the early physician-vaccinators in China. The British established a vaccination center in Canton on December 2, 1805 with lymph from Balmis's expedition. On the voyage back to Spain, Balmis introduced vaccination on Saint Helena. Through the zeal of 2 physician-entrepreneurs, Jean De Carro and Francisco Xavier Balmis, 1 decade after its discovery, vaccination had girdled the world on Asian and New World voyages from Europe.

  1. Mesenchymal stromal cell labeling by new uncoated superparamagnetic maghemite nanoparticles in comparison with commercial Resovist – an initial in vitro study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skopalik J

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Josef Skopalik,1 Katerina Polakova,2 Marketa Havrdova,2 Ivan Justan,1 Massimiliano Magro,3 David Milde,2 Lucia Knopfova,4 Jan Smarda,4 Helena Polakova,1 Eva Gabrielova,5 Fabio Vianello,2,3 Jaroslav Michalek,1 Radek Zboril21Department of Pharmacology, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic; 2Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Department of Physical Chemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 3Department of Comparative Biomedicine and Food Science, University of Padua, Padova, Italy; 4Department of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic; 5Department of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech RepublicObjective: Cell therapies have emerged as a promising approach in medicine. The basis of each therapy is the injection of 1–100×106 cells with regenerative potential into some part of the body. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs are the most used cell type in the cell therapy nowadays, but no gold standard for the labeling of the MSCs for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI is available yet. This work evaluates our newly synthesized uncoated superparamagnetic maghemite nanoparticles (surface-active maghemite nanoparticles – SAMNs as an MRI contrast intracellular probe usable in a clinical 1.5 T MRI system.Methods: MSCs from rat and human donors were isolated, and then incubated at different concentrations (10–200 µg/mL of SAMN maghemite nanoparticles for 48 hours. Viability, proliferation, and nanoparticle uptake efficiency were tested (using fluorescence microscopy, xCELLigence analysis, atomic absorption spectroscopy, and advanced microscopy techniques. Migration capacity, cluster of differentiation markers, effect of nanoparticles on long-term viability, contrast properties in MRI, and cocultivation of labeled cells with myocytes were also studied.Results: SAMNs do not

  2. Geochemistry of Mine Waste and Mill Tailings, Meadow Deposits, Streambed Sediment, and General Hydrology and Water Quality for the Frohner Meadows Area, Upper Lump Gulch, Jefferson County, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Terry L.; Cannon, Michael R.; Fey, David L.

    2004-01-01

    Frohner Meadows, an area of low-topographic gradient subalpine ponds and wetlands in glaciated terrane near the headwaters of Lump Gulch (a tributary of Prickly Pear Creek), is located about 15 miles west of the town of Clancy, Montana, in the Helena National Forest. Mining and ore treatment of lead-zinc-silver veins in granitic rocks of the Boulder batholith over the last 120 years from two sites (Frohner mine and the Nellie Grant mine) has resulted in accumulations of mine waste and mill tailings that have been distributed downslope and downstream by anthropogenic and natural processes. This report presents the results of an investigation of the geochemistry of the wetlands, streams, and unconsolidated-sediment deposits and the hydrology, hydrogeology, and water quality of the area affected by these sources of ore-related metals. Ground water sampled from most shallow wells in the meadow system contained high concentrations of arsenic, exceeding the Montana numeric water-quality standard for human health. Transport of cadmium and zinc in ground water is indicated at one site near Nellie Grant Creek based on water-quality data from one well near the creek. Mill tailings deposited in upper Frohner Meadow contribute large arsenic loads to Frohner Meadows Creek; Nellie Grant Creek contributes large arsenic, cadmium, and zinc loads to upper Frohner Meadows. Concentrations of total-recoverable cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc in most surface-water sites downstream from the Nellie Grant mine area exceeded Montana aquatic-life standards. Nearly all samples of surface water and ground water had neutral to slightly alkaline pH values. Concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, lead, and zinc in streambed sediment in the entire meadow below the mine waste and mill tailings accumulations are highly enriched relative to regional watershed-background concentrations and exceed consensus-based, probable-effects concentrations for streambed sediment at most sites. Cadmium, copper, and

  3. Cartografia da educação superior no município de Niterói Cartography of higher education in the City of Niterói - Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima de Paula

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é fruto da pesquisa realizada em parceria entre o Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas em Educação Superior da Universidade Federal Fluminense e a Secretaria Municipal de Educação de Niterói, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, tendo como objetivos: a traçar um perfil das instituições de educação superior (IES do Município de Niterói, coletando dados acerca da sua história e da sua inserção nos cenários local, regional e nacional; b mapear a oferta de ensino, pesquisa e extensão nestas instituições; c subsidiar as ações da Secretaria Municipal de Educação na área educacional, contribuindo para a elaboração do Plano Municipal de Educação de Niterói; d identificar os projetos/produtos/tecnologias, provenientes das IES, que contribuem para a formulação de políticas de desenvolvimento econômico, científico e tecnológico do município; e identificar os projetos/produtos/tecnologias que contribuem para a elaboração de políticas na área social. A cidade de Niterói, localizada há 10,9 Km da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, possui 16 instituições que oferecem ensino superior, 1 pública e 15 privadas, a saber: 1 Universidade Federal Fluminense; 2 Universidade Estácio de Sá; 3 Universidade Cândido Mendes; 4 Universidade Salgado de Oliveira; 5 Fundação Getúlio Vargas; 6 Centro Universitário Plínio Leite; 7 Institutos Superiores de Ensino La Salle - RJ; 8 Faculdades Integradas Maria Thereza; 9 Escola Superior de Ensino Helena Antipoff; 10 Conservatório de Música de Niterói; 11 Seminário Teológico Escola de Pastores; 12 Seminário Teológico Batista de Niterói; 13 Seminário Teológico Betel Brasileiro; 14 Seminário Teológico Congregacional de Niterói; 15 Seminário Teológico Batista Brasileiro; 16 Seminário São José de Niterói. O trabalho em questão aponta as principais características destas instituições, enfocando a sua relevância social para o município de Niterói. Para tal, abordamos a sua

  4. V Congress of the Portuguese Society of Cosmetological Sciences - Proceedings

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    L. Monteiro Rodrigues et al.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available V National Congress of Dermatocosmetics Sciences V Congresso Nacional de Ciências Dermatocosméticas IV Congress of Portuguese Society of Science Cosmetological IV Congresso da Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Cosmetológicas (SPCC 15 May | 15 Maio Lisboa - Universidade Lusófona Honor Commitee /Comissão de Honra Magnífico Reitor da Universidade Lusófona, Mário Moutinho Presidente do Conselho de Administração da Universidade Lusófona, Manuel de Almeida Damásio Ministro da Saúde, Paulo Macedo Presidente do Conselho Directivo do Infarmed, Eurico Castro Alves. Bastonário da Ordem dos Farmacêuticos, Carlos Maurício Barbosa Presidente da Associação Industriais Cosmética, Ana Maria Couras. Presidente da SPCC, Luís Monteiro Rodrigues (Presidente do Congresso Scientific Commitee /Comissão Científica Catarina Fialho Rosado, Universidade Lusófona Fernanda Guedes Bahia, Universidade do Porto Helena Margarida Ribeiro, Universidade de Lisboa Isabel Almeida, Universidade do Porto Joana Mota, Universidade Lusófona Luís Monteiro Rodrigues, Universidade Lusófona Maria de Lurdes Rebelo, Universidade de Coimbra Organizing Commitee /Comissão Organizadora Catarina Rosado Manuel Fitas Joana Mota Lídia Palma Tânia Almeida Organização SPCC Escola de Ciências e Tecnologias da Saúde (ECTS da U. Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias ALIES – Associação Lusófona para o Desenvolvimento do Ensino e Investigação das Ciências da Saúde CBIOS – Centro de Investigação em Biociências e Tecnologias da Saúde Programa Open Session | Sessão de abertura Magnífico Reitor da Universidade Lusófona, Mário Moutinho Em representação do Sr. Bastonário da Ordem dos Farmacêuticos, Helena Ribeiro Sra. Presidente da Associação dos Industriais de Cosmética, Ana Maria Couras Presidente da SPCC, Luís Monteiro Rodrigues (Presidente do Congresso 1st Session | Sessão 1 Cosmetics and Society | Cosméticos e Sociedade Charmain | Moderador

  5. Revista História da Educação - RHE - v. 14, n. 32, 2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RHE Asphe

    2011-03-01

    éhère-Júnior e Sandra Farto Botelho Trufem, "O ensino profissionalizante na imperial cidade de São Paulo, Brasil (1823-1889, que analisa uma questão cada vez mais presente em nossos trabalho: a questão do ensino técnico.

    O pesquisador gaúcho Maximiliano Mazewski Monteiro de Almeida que tem se destacado na área da análise de textos didáticos, de modo especial os de ensino de história e de geografia nos brinda com um texto de grande qualidade O livro didático de geografia do RS para as escolas republicanas (1898.

    O pesquisador Nicola José Frattari Neto envereda por uma temática também bastante prestigiada em nossa área, isto é, a relação entre educação e confessionalidade religiosa. O texto Educação espírita em Minas Gerais: a presença do educandário Ituiutabano (1958-1978 representa uma incursão pioneira na relação entre espiritismo e educação.

    Com o trabalho Missão evangelizadora: mediações da prática esportiva, as pesquisadoras Flávia Obino Corrêa Werle e Ana Maria Carvalho Metzler adentram nesta mesma perspectiva em um trabalho de excepcional qualidade.

    O texto de María  Verónica  Cheli,  As  construções históricas do "outro" e seu impacto no campo pedagógico: uma análise da provincia de Buenos Aires, encerra esta seção de artigos com chave de ouro analisando as construções históricas do "outro" no campo pedagógico.

    Em nossa tradicional seção Documentos apresentamos a tradução  do  verbete  Laicidade  extraído  do  dicionário  de pedagogía publicado sob direção de Ferdinand Buisson e traduzido por Maria Helena Camara Bastos.

     

    Os editores.

  6. IV National Conference on Dermatocosmetic Sciences - Proceedings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Escola de Ciências e Tecnologias da Saúde (ECTS da Univ Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Honor Committee/ Comissão de Honra Reitor da Universidade Lusó fona, Mário Moutinho Presidente do Conselho de Administração da Universidade Lusófona, Manuel de Almeida Damásio, Ministro da Saúde, Paulo Macedo Presidente do Conselho Directivo do INFARMED, Eurico Castro Alves Bastonário da Ordem dos Farmacêuticos, Carlos Mauricio Barbosa Bastonária da Ordem dos Nutricionistas, Alexandra Bento Presidente da Associação Industriais Cosmética, Ana Maria Couras Presidente da SPCC, Luís Monteiro Rodrigues (Presidente do Congresso Scientific Committee / Comissão Cientifica Amílcar Roberto, Universidade Lusófona Catarina Rosado, Universidade Lusófona Fernanda Guedes Bahia, Universidade do Porto Helena Margarida Ribeiro, Universidade de Lisboa Isabel Almeida, Universidade do Porto Ligia Reis Luís Monteiro Rodrigues, Universidade Lusófona Manuel Fitas, Universidade Lusófona Maria de Lurdes Rebelo, Universidade de Coimbra Organizing Committee / Comissão Organizadora Escola de Ciências e Tecnologias da Saúde (ECTS da Univ Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Cosmetológicas ALIES – Associação Lusófona para o Desenvolvimento do Ensino e Investigação das Ciências da Saúde CBIOS - Unidade de Dermatologia Experimental (UDE Programm / Programa Open Session | Sessão de abertura Magnífico Reitor da Universidade Lusófona, Mário Moutinho Pres. do Conselho de Admin da Univ Lusófona, Manuel de A. Damásio Sr Presidente do INFARMED, Eurico Castro Alves Srª Pres. da Secção Regional de Lisboa da OF, Ema Paulino Srª Bastonária da Ordem dos Nutricionistas, Alexandra Bento* Srª Pres. da Associação dos Industriais de Cosmética, Ana Maria Couras Presidente da SPCC, Luís Monteiro Rodrigues (Presidente do Congresso 1st Session | Sessão 1 Cosmetics and Society | Cosméticos e Sociedade Moderator / Moderador- Ligia Reis, Impact of the new regulation for Cosmetics | Impacto da entrada em vigor do

  7. Discurso de Posesión del Académico José Félix Patiño Restrepo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Rodriguez

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Como Presidente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina para el período 1998-2000.

    Señora Ministra de Salud, doctora María Teresa Forero de Saade; señora Secretaria de Salud de Bogotá, doctora Beatriz Londoño Bravo; señora Cecilia de la Fuente de Lleras; señor Presidente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina y de la Asociación Médica Colombiana, doctor Gilberto Rueda Pérez, señora Gladys Rosanía de Rueda; señor Presidente del Colegio Máximo de las Academias y Director de la Academia Colombiana de la Lengua, Don Jaime Posada Díaz; señores Presidentes de las Academias y Sociedades que conforman el Colegio Máximo; señores expresidentes de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, señora Maruja Chaux de Pantoja, señora Helena Tamayo de Muñoz; señores miembros de las Juntas Directivas entrante y saliente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina; señor Secretario Perpetuo de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, doctor Hernando Groot; señor doctor Efraím Otero-Ruiz, señora Gloria León-Gómez de Otero; señores Académicos, señoras, señores:

    Con orgullo, pero con pleno sentido de responsabilidad, asumo esta noche este máximo encargo de la medicina colombiana, al cumplir 40 años de vida profesional. Son 40 años de marcado sesgo académico, durante los cuales he sido testigo, y actor en ocasiones, del proceso que significa el más grande avance y la más profunda transformación de la ciencia médica, como es lo acontecido en el transcurso de la segunda mitad del siglo XX.

    Doctor Gilberto Rueda Pérez: Por dos períodos consecutivos usted y su Junta Directiva han conducido por el buen camino a la Academia, en momentos de honda tribulación médica en el país, colocándola como el más autorizado foro de discusión y análisis, en posición de liderazgo para confrontar los problemas de la salud. Por eso su exaltación a la presidencia de la Asociación Médica Colombiana en un franco reconocimiento a su

  8. Pareceristas da RBHCS no Triênio 2015-2017

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editores RBHCS

    2017-12-01

      Adelar Heinsfeld (UPF Adilson Júnior Ishihara Brito (UFPA Adilson Prizmic Momce (UFMS Alcileide Cabral do Nascimento (UFRPE Alexandre de Oliveira Karsburg (UNISINOS Alfredo Veiga-Neto (UFRGS Ana Carolina de Carvalho Viotti (UNESP Ana Paula Korndörfer (UNISINOS Ana Silvia Volpi Scott (NEPO/Unicamp Anderson Roberti dos Reis (UFMT Andréia Orsato (IFSul Andrés Cobo de Guzmán (Université Grenoble Alpes - França Anita Liberalesso Neri (Unicamp Antônio de Pádua Bosi (UNIOESTE Cacilda da Silva Machado (UFRJ Carina Martiny (UFRGS Carla Monteiro de Souza (UFRR Carlos Almeida Prado Bacellar (USP Carlos Coelho Bezerra (PPGCI/IBICT-UFRJ Carlos Fernando França Mosqueira (UNESPAR Carlos Gregório dos Santos Gianelli (UDESC Carlos Roberto da Rosa Rangel (URI Célia da Graça Arribas (UFJF Célia Pereira Caldas (UERJ Claiton Marcio da Silva (UFFS Clarice Gontarski Speranza (UFPel Cláudio de Sá Machado Júnior (UFPR Cláudio Pereira Elmir (UNISINOS Cristiane Freitas Gutfreind (PUCRS Cristina Donza Cancela (UFPA Daniel Luciano Gevehr (FACCAT Daniel Souza Barroso (USP Edgar Aparecido da Costa (UFSM Eliane Cristina Deckmann Fleck (UNISINOS Eloisa Helena Capovilla da Luz Ramos (UNISINOS Emerson Giumbelli (UFRGS Eunícia Barros Barcelos Fernandes (PUC-RIO Éverton Quevedo (MUHM/UNISINOS Fabiano Quadros Rückert (UFMS Fábio Alexandre dos Santos (UNIFESP Felipe Dartagan Maropo Teixeira de Castro (UFMS Fernanda Bittencourt Ribeiro (PUCRS Flavio Coelho Edler (FIOCRUZ Gabriel Santos Berute (IFRS Gizele Zanotto (UPF Glaucia Vieira Ramos Konrad (UFSM Guilherme Galhegos Felippe (PUCRS Gunter Axt (UFSC Gustavo Alves Alonso Ferreira (UFPE Gustavo Castagna Machado (UFRGS Humberto Amorim Neto (UFRJ Inmaculada Barroso Benítez (Universidad de Jaén – Espanha Isabel Aparecida Bilhão (UNISINOS Jane Felipe Beltrão (UFPA Jeannie da Silva Menezes (UFRPE João Alberto da Costa Pinto (UFG João Alfredo dos Reis Peixoto (ISEG-Lisboa João Carlos Tedesco (UPF João Fábio Bertonha (UEM

  9. World-first PRB remediation system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mundle, Keely

    2013-01-01

    Full text: The permeable reactive barrier (PRB) project in question was a former waste control site at Bellevue in Western Australia, which burned down in 2001. The fire and the site's historic use as a liquid waste treatment plant created a plume of contaminated groundwater as well as a secondary offsite plume of chlorinated solvents. Damage from the fire and historical use caused the contamination to extend 200m downgradient of the site, under several nearby parcels of land and migrating in the direction of the nearby Helena River. Two areas of chlorinated solvents were identified as residual dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) in the unsaturated zone, including concentrations of trichloroethene (TCE) at 1000 micrograms per litre (μg/L) in groundwater, which needed to be reduced to concentrations of around 330μg/L before the groundwater discharged into the river. Complete source removal of DNAPL contamination - such as TCE - in the environment can be difficult and costly. Partial source removal of the contamination may not have a significant impact on the extent of the plume but may reduce its longevity. Treatment of the contaminant plume is more achievable and allows for more time to develop an effective source remediation solution if it is required. Zero-valent iron (ZVI), a non-toxic granular material placed in PRBs, has been proven to be successful in removing a broad range of contaminants, including many chlorinated solvents such as TCE. In a ZVI-based PRB, the system uses the natural groundwater flow to channel contaminants to an engineered treatment area. As groundwater passes through the PRB, contaminants are treated in the barrier and remediated water flows out the other side. There are two primary pathways for the dechlorination of chlorinated ethenes in ZVI PRBs: beta-elimination and hydrogenolysis. Experiments have shown the dominant degradation pathway is p-elimination. This pathway is preferred as it results in the chlorinated ethene

  10. Different ELM regimes at ASDEX upgrade and their linear stability analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burckhart, Andreas O.

    2013-01-01

    Edge localised modes (ELMs) are magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities that occur at the edge of magnetically confined fusion plasmas. They periodically expel particles and energy from the confined region. In addition to limiting the confinement, they cause high heat fluxes to the walls of the tokamak which may not be manageable in larger, next-generation devices. However, the exact nature of the instabilities that drive ELMs is still unknown. The most commonly invoked theory to explain the occurrence of ELMs is the peeling-ballooning model which posits a critical edge pressure gradient and current density. In this thesis, this model is tested against experimental data gathered at the ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) tokamak. For the first time, a broad selection of ELM scenarios is analysed with respect to ideal MHD stability using the same methodology. The comparison of experiment and theory is performed using a stability analysis chain, which consists of combining kinetic and magnetic measurements to generate self-consistent plasma equilibria with the Grad-Shafranov solver CLISTE, refining this equilibrium with the HELENA code, and, finally, determining its stability using ILSA, a linear MHD stability code. In theory the peeling ballooning model should apply to all type-I ELM scenarios. Therefore, the stability of several different type-I ELMy H-mode plasmas is analysed with respect to peeling ballooning modes. While some of them are consistent with the model, in others ELMs occur well below or above the ideal MHD stability limit. The standard type-I ELMy H-mode regime exhibits considerable variations with equilibria both well below and at the stability limit depending on the discharge. In addition, a nitrogen-seeded case in which the edge pressure gradient greatly exceeds the stability limit is identified. In another discharge, the edge pressure gradient and current density, which are on the threshold for marginal stability, relax when edge heating is applied. Contrary to

  11. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Matias

    2012-01-01

    Garcia Rosa. Além disto, esta edição também apresenta trabalhos sobre diversos aspectos ligados à comunicação científica, tais como qualidade, visibilidade, indicadores de gestão de fluxo editorial, curadoria digital, repositórios e preservação digital, que são listados a seguir: Metadados de qualidade e visibilidade na comunicação científica, de Silvia Maria Puentes Bentancourt e Rafael Port da Rocha; Indicadores de gestão do fluxo editorial dos periódicos científicos: uma reflexão teórico-metodológica, deElisabete Werlang, Daniela Spudeit e Nadi Helena Presser; O impacto da curadoria digital dos dados de pesquisa na Comunicação Científica de Luana Farias Sales e Luís Fernando Sayão; Análise da dinâmica de evolução das revistas científicas e bibliotecas digitais de teses e dissertações em acesso livre na área de Ciências da Comunicação: o caso do repositório Univerciencia.org, deDalton Lopes Martins e Sueli Mara Soares Pinto Ferreira; Acesso livre via repositórios: politicas de instituições brasileiras, de Tania Chalhub , Alegria Benchimol e Claudia Guerra; O papel das bibliotecas universitárias na comunicação científica: um estudo sobre os repositórios institucionais, de Patrícia dos Santos Caldas Marra; Acesso Livre à Informação Científica em Países em Desenvolvimento: o caso dos Repositórios “Saber” (Moçambique e Digital da UFMG (Brasil, de Ranito Zambo Waete, Maria Aparecida Moura, e Manuel Valente Mangue; SEER e PDF/A na preservação de revistas científicas: relato de experiência, de Ana Paula Araújo Cabral da Silva; Ontologia de dependência tecnológica de documentos digitais: Instrumento de Apoio à Preservação Digital, de Eloi Juniti Yamaoka e Fernando Ostuni Gauthier. Vale também destacar a nossa bela capa gentilmente elaborada pelo professor Adilson Luiz Pinto. Ótima leitura! Márcio Matias e Moisés Lima Dutra Editores – Edição Especial – 3º SBCC – Perspectivas em Acesso Aberto

  12. The impact of meteorology on smoke and low-level clouds over the southeast Atlantic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adebiyi, Adeyemi A.

    the mid-tropospheric easterly-transporting system on both the elevated smoke and the low-level cloud environments; and the synoptic-scale sensitivity of the low-level clouds to a range of interacting meteorological conditions, with and without the presence of the elevated smoke. First, the analysis of the radiosondes at St. Helena Island, a small island located approximately 1800 km offshore of continental Africa (15.9°S, 5.6°W), shows the presence of mid-tropospheric moisture within the smoke layer, and above the low-level clouds. The smoke layer has previously been associated with hot and dry layer, perhaps in analogy to the Saharan air layer. The mid-tropospheric moisture over the south-east Atlantic has not been previously documented, and it occurs more than 70% of the time between September and October. During the same months, as the aerosol loading increases, the amount of the mid-tropospheric moisture also increases. The result of the radiative transfer calculations shows that the mid-tropospheric moisture-induced longwave cooling accounts for about 30% of the aerosol-induced shortwave warming, within the smoke layer. At the cloud top, increased mid-tropospheric moisture could increase cloud-top heights by enhancing the downwelling longwave radiation at the cloud top, and potentially reducing the turbulent mixing within the boundary layer, which may ultimately reduce the cloud fraction. This process essentially opposes the cloud-thickening semi-direct aerosol effect due to the elevated smoke alone.? By isolating the independent effects of selected above-cloud and surface-based meteorological influences during July-October period, it is shown that increases in lower tropospheric stability (LTS, defined as theta800 hPa - theta1000 hPa), cold surface advection and warm 800 hPa horizontal temperature advection, all lead to increases in marine low-level cloudiness over the southeast Atlantic. In addition, the mid-tropospheric moisture is shown to independently

  13. Revista História da Educação, v. 9, n. 17, 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RHE Asphe

    2011-04-01

    .

    O professor Wenceslau Gonçalves Neto, da Universidade de Uberlândia, trabalha com uma temática regionalizada, mas que sem dúvida tem muito de nacional, no Brasil, que é a “organização do sistema escolar” no presente artigo estudado a partir de Uberabinha, MG.

    Por fim, Cynthia Pereira de Souza encerra de forma brilhante esta seção de artigos com seu trabalho “Historia, Literatura e Memórias de Formação Escolar”.

    Em nossa tradicional secção “Documentos” apresentamos o texto sobre o Método Lancaster publicado no Correio Braziliense publicado em 1816 com uma apresentação da professora Maria Helena Câmara Bastos Esperamos que os leitores façam bom proveito deste conteúdo configurando à revista História da Educação um papel importante em suas vidas de investigadores na área da educação e particularmente na de história da educação.

  14. Different ELM regimes at ASDEX upgrade and their linear stability analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burckhart, Andreas O.

    2013-12-16

    Edge localised modes (ELMs) are magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities that occur at the edge of magnetically confined fusion plasmas. They periodically expel particles and energy from the confined region. In addition to limiting the confinement, they cause high heat fluxes to the walls of the tokamak which may not be manageable in larger, next-generation devices. However, the exact nature of the instabilities that drive ELMs is still unknown. The most commonly invoked theory to explain the occurrence of ELMs is the peeling-ballooning model which posits a critical edge pressure gradient and current density. In this thesis, this model is tested against experimental data gathered at the ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) tokamak. For the first time, a broad selection of ELM scenarios is analysed with respect to ideal MHD stability using the same methodology. The comparison of experiment and theory is performed using a stability analysis chain, which consists of combining kinetic and magnetic measurements to generate self-consistent plasma equilibria with the Grad-Shafranov solver CLISTE, refining this equilibrium with the HELENA code, and, finally, determining its stability using ILSA, a linear MHD stability code. In theory the peeling ballooning model should apply to all type-I ELM scenarios. Therefore, the stability of several different type-I ELMy H-mode plasmas is analysed with respect to peeling ballooning modes. While some of them are consistent with the model, in others ELMs occur well below or above the ideal MHD stability limit. The standard type-I ELMy H-mode regime exhibits considerable variations with equilibria both well below and at the stability limit depending on the discharge. In addition, a nitrogen-seeded case in which the edge pressure gradient greatly exceeds the stability limit is identified. In another discharge, the edge pressure gradient and current density, which are on the threshold for marginal stability, relax when edge heating is applied. Contrary to

  15. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarice Helena de Miranda Coimbra

    2015-01-01

    jurídica: algumas questões relacionadas à sua adoção”. O estudo da autora procura demonstrar algumas questões relacionadas com a possibilidade de incriminar o Estado. O nono artigo intitula-se “Mal de archivo, fugas y huecos”, de autoria do nosso editor associado Eber Omar Betanzos Torres, o qual apresenta de forma sucinta e esclarecedora baseando-se nos pensamentos de Jacques Derrida, Sigmund Freud e outros. Héctor Antuñano Gonzalez intitula seu artigo como “Pandillas transnacionales: um enfoque de seguridade nacional en México”, procurando corroborar se os processos de exclusão, pobreza e marginalização podem gerar uma presença maior em quadrilhas transnacionais, bem como demonstrar se a segurança nacional é violada por afetar as condições de governabilidade do Estado. O décimo primeiro artigo intitulado “Órganos y esquemas de la integración americana” é de autoria de Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño, especialista no tema, apresenta balanço e perspectiva das principais propostas, mecanismos e projetos para a integração americana a partir da segunda metade do século XX. Por fim, apresentamos o décimo segundo artigo de autoria de Isabel Husid e de Leonardo Husid, intitulado “Business development, foreign direct investment and international trade: A policy and economic comparative analysis for canadathe future Law and economics perspective”, que tem por finalidade alcançar uma visão geral sobre investimento direto estrangeiro e comércio internacional no Canadá, sendo de suma importância para companhias e governos planejarem estratégias para investir e comercializar com o Canadá. Agradecemos aos autores que encaminharam seus artigos, que contribuíram com a matéria prima, acreditando na seriedade do projeto, e, ao mesmo tempo, convidamos novos pesquisadores a fazerem uso desse instrumento para divulgarem os resultados de suas investigações. Finalmente, desejamos a todos uma boa leitura! Clarice Helena de Miranda Coimbra

  16. USE OF WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION AS A MODE OF WARMING UP BEFORE COUNTER MOVEMENT JUMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique G. Artero

    2007-12-01

    results are presented jointly (Figure 1.Reports concerning acute effects of WBV on jump performance yield conflicting results. Transient benefits of 2.5, 4 and 8 % in CMJ height has been reported after 4 min (Torvinen et al., 2002a, 10 min (Bosco et al., 2000 and 5 min (Cochrane and Stannard, 2005 of WBV stimulus, respectively. The lack of improvement in our study may be partially explained by the time elapsed between the vibration stimulus and the jump test, since our subjects performed the CMJ immediately after the WBV exposure. The different training level of the participants may also explain discrepancies among studies, as our subjects were not engaged in any regular exercise practice. It has been reported that elite athletes may obtain more benefits from WBV than amateur athletes do (Issurin and Tenenbaum, 1999. In agreement with our results, other studies did not show improvement on CMJ performance after a single bout of WBV (Cormie et al., 2006; Rittweger et al., 2003; Torvinen et al., 2002b. Compared with our results, Cormie et al., 2006 did not find an impairment of CMJ performance immediately after a single WBV bout of 30 s, which may be associated with their shorter WBV stimulus (30 s, the interval actually elapsed between WBV and CMJ test, and the higher training level of their participants.In summary, whole-body vibration combined with voluntary contractions does not seem to be a useful method for warming up before activities involving vertical jumps. At least one minute interval recovery should be allowed when using WBV in a range of 20-30 Hz and 90 or 120 s if maximal jump performance is required.AcknowledgmentThis study was conducted without any conflict of interest, without financial assistance, and supported by grants from the Consejo Superior de Deportes (109/UPB31/03, 13/UPB20/04, the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science (AP2003-2128, AP-2004-2745; AP2005-3827; AP2005-4358 and the HELENA study (European Community Sixth RTD Framework Programme

  17. Editorial L&E, v.8, n.3, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rede Conpadre

    2014-09-01

    óprio Monbeig. o artigo trata das fronteiras pioneiras, na Amazônia, disputada entre os defensores da preservação ambiental e os produtores de grãos e carne. Monbeig estava muito à frente do seu tempo, e seus escritos já caracterizavam a tensão nas frentes pioneiras. Na sequência, o artigo de Estela Cañellas e Alejandra Potocko apresenta um primoroso estudo do processo de tomada de decisão que levou à declaração da Quebrada de Humahuaca como Patrimônio da Humanidade. As autoras argentinas salientam que esse processo tem sido objeto de estudos realizados a partir de diferentes disciplinas, em geral, com posturas críticas sobre sua condução. A análise da documentação correspondente constitui importante fonte que permite desconstruir a cronologia do processo e identificar os momentos críticos em que a confluência dos atores e seu protagonismo refletiam os avanços e retrocessos do mesmo. O trabalho de Marina Christofidis busca sistematizar dados de ações legais governamentais e não governamentais referentes ao gerenciamento da costa brasileira e a sua interface com o Patrimônio existente nessa imensa faixa do território nacional, pois a costa litorânea do Brasil ultrapassa os 8.000 km de extensão. Trata-se de um belo artigo com imagens primorosas, muito bem escolhidas, que complementam as informações que o texto em inglês traz. A área metropolitana de Buenos Aires entre as décadas de 1910 e 1940 assistiu ao crescimento de um tipo particular de suburbio associado a segundas residências, casas de veraneio ou fim de semana destinadas às classes alta e média-alta da sociedade argentina. O artigo de Ana Helena Gómez Pintus apresenta uma reflexão sobre os atores que contribuíram para a formação desse espaço, em especial aqueles vinculados à produção arquitetônica. Os pesquisadores Adriel Alejandro Aliaga Benavides e Yudisel Santana Pacheco desenvolveram um Sistema de Gestão de Resíduos (SGR baseado em indicadores utilizando o software

  18. Preface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baldev Arora

    2009-06-01

    ., Macmillan et al., Matzka et al. describe magnetic observations
    in the region of the South Atlantic anomaly. This is the region between
    Africa and South America where Earth’s main magnetic field is depressed causing
    localized space weather hazards (some described in Macmillan et al., especially
    satellite outages. Korte et al. describes the installation of new magnetic observatories
    in Bolivia, Namibia and St Helena, and Macmillan et al. describe two older
    magnetic observatories located on Ascension Island and Port Stanely.
    Repeat station surveys are a way of measuring the secular variation of main field.
    Matzka et al. contains a detailed report of a repeat station survey in this region at
    Tristan da Cunha Island. They also describe the drawbacks of repeat station surveys
    and prefer a magnetic observatory in the region which will be established for the
    SWARM satellite mission. However, Korte et al. show that when nothing else exists
    repeat stations are still a good way of obtaining secular variation data. They describe
    the addition of several repeat stations in the South Atlantic anomaly area in
    Africa.
    Torta et al. and Korte et al. also describe efforts being made to create an unmanned
    magnetic observatory, which would have INTERMAGNET standards.
    The Guest Editors wish to thank Enkelejda Qamili for her assistance during the
    session in Perugia, the numerous referees who reviewed the papers and the Editorial
    office of Annals of Geophysics for their continued support and encouragement in
    bring out this special issue of the Journal.

  19. La Biología Molecular y sus aplicaciones en el estudio de la Tripanosomiasis Americana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Adolfo Vallejo

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available

    OTROS AUTORES:

    Dr. Gustavo Adolfo Vallejo
    José César Jaramillo
    Julio César Carranza
    Jorge Lorenzo Sánchez
    Leyder Helena Lozano
    Diego Gualtero
    Froylán Guayara
    Ludwin Andrés Cuervo
    Maria Teresa Mojica
    Carlos Alberto Jaramillo
    Académico Dr. Felipe Guh

    RESUMEN:

    Durante los últimos 35 años se ha experimentado un importante incremento de las publicaciones internacionales sobre la Tripanosomiosis Americana. Una reciente búsqueda en la base de datos MEDLINE por internet utilizando las palabras claves “Trypanosoma cruzi”, reveló 49 publicaciones en el quinquenio 1964-1968 con un incremento gradual hasta alcanzar la cifra de 1197 artículos internacionales en el quinquenio 1994-1998 (Figura 1. Sin embargo en cada uno de los países situados en las zonas endémicas de T. cruzi, existen numerosas publicaciones en revistas locales no indexadas cuya reseña queda excluida del MEDLINE.

    Sin embargo, el análisis de las publicaciones en el ámbito internacional permite identificar los paradigmas, los retos y los nuevos enfoques metodológicos que motivan y desafían a los diferentes grupos de investigación. Son numerosos los avances efectuados en estos último 35 años en área tan variadas como la biología celular, la inmunología, la inmunopatología, la bioquímica, la biología molecular y la quimioterapia de T. cruzi, así como también en estudio de los vectores de la enfermedad de Chagas.

    Los últimos 20 años se han caracterizado por un vigoroso auge de la investigación en bioquímica y biología molecular y el desarrollo de nuevas metodologías de genética molecular aplicadas exitosamente en los diferentes campos de estudio de la

  20. Sumário/Editorial

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    Comissão Editorial

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available A revista Galáxia surgiu no cenário intelectual nacional para atestar que a vitalidade das múltiplas confluências entre Comunicação e Semiótica delimitava um campo de conhecimento maduro capaz de produzir a sua própria revista cientí­fica. Fiel ao seu nome - homenagem a Haroldo de Campos, que, em poema homônimo, sinalizava para o conví­vio entre fronteiras -, a revista assumiu sua vocação transdisciplinar. O Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Comunicação e Semiótica da PUC/SP confiou o projeto inicial do periódico a Irene Machado, que respondeu, de forma notável, pela editoria cientí­fica dos sete primeiros números. A dedicação de Irene Machado contribuiu para consolidar a proposta dos trânsitos e fluxos de idéias como fatores de fomento da diversidade que marca a Comunicação como campo cientí­fico. Sem esse competente trabalho, a revista não teria alcançado o significativo patamar Nacional A na escala de avaliação do sistema Qualis/CAPES. Nessa esteira, feita em nome do Programa, os rigores de edição do presente volume ficaram a cargo de uma comissão composta por Lucrécia D'Aléssio Ferrara, Ana Claudia de Oliveira, Eugênio Trivinho e Helena Katz. Galáxia 8 apresenta uma dupla articulação na seção "Fórum". José Luiz Fiorin mostra as contribuições de uma teoria da significação para a compreensão dos fenômenos comunicacionais, que não se restringem ao âmbito da produção de massa. Eric Landowski, por sua vez, chama a atenção para um outro regime de interpretação das encenações do corpo numa detalhada análise ancorada em quatro dimensões especí­ficas do retrato (mimética, hermenêutica, cosmética e estética, na qual a fotografia dos homens polí­ticos na imprensa é tratada como componente de uma estratégia discursiva midiática global. A problematização dessas dimensões possibilita ao autor desenvolver uma teoria semiótica da visualidade midiática. Com essas duas

  1. Revista História da Educação - RHE, v. 11, n. 21, 2007

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    RHE Asphe

    2011-04-01

    gênese do campo da História da Educação.

    A professora Alessandra Arce trabalha em seu texto: As pesquisas na área da educação infantil e a história da educação: construindo a história do atendimento às crianças pequenas no Brasil, constrói um entendimento sobre esta temática sobre a qual a mesma é reconhecida pesquisadora.

    Karl Michael Lorenz da Sacred Heart University – Connecticut trata em seu artigo A zoologia filosófica no Brasil: explorando as modernas correntes do pensamento cientifico no Collégio de Pedro II em meados do século XIX, de aspectos vinculados à ideologia do tradicional educandário que moldou o ensino secundário no Brasil no Século XX.

    A professora Andréa Borges Leão no texto A Livraria Garnier e a história dos livros infantis no Brasil – gênese e formação de um campo literário (1858-1920, resgata a história de uma das mais tradicionais livrarias do século XIX e de sua contribuição inestimável para a história da educação brasileira.

    João Paulo Martins investiga um dos textos clássicos na área da história da educação mundial, As aventuras de Telêmaco, relacionando-o ao fazer histórico.

    História e romance: a idéia de história em As aventuras de Telêmaco e as relações entre o texto histórico e a prosa ficcional na passagem dos séculos XVII-XVIII. Este trabalho contribui para a compreensão da relação entre história e prosa ficcional aspecto este muito presente na área de historia da educação em termos teórico-metodológicos.

    Na seção Documentos, que já é tradicional em nossa revista, publicamos um dos documentos clássicos da história da educação do século XIX relacionado à Liga do Ensino no Brasi,l apresentado pela Drª Maria Helena Câmara Bastos.

    Com essa publicação, mais uma vez a Asphe e a revista História da Educação reafirmam seus compromissos com a pesquisa hist

  2. Jovens contemporâneos: reflexões atuais

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    Felipe Trotta

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A coletânea Culturas juvenis no século XXI, organizada por Silvia Helena Simões Borelli e João Freire Filho apresenta 16 ensaios de pesquisadores sobre o tema da juventude em contextos urbanos atuais. Destaca-se, no conjunto da obra, uma notável pluralidade de objetos e de abordagens das práticas culturais da chamada “condição jovem”, apresentando debates teóricos sobre a juventude quase sempre apoiados em extensas pesquisas empíricas. Por meio de “análises sistemáticas de variados aspectos do circuito de produção e apropriação cultural juvenil” (p. 7, o leitor é convidado a refletir sobre os diversos usos e práticas culturais associados à juventude, reconhecendo suas complexidades, dilemas e riquezas. Assim, a música (tema abordado em quase um terço dos artigos, o grafite, o audiovisual, os best-sellers literários, a internet e os celulares se tornam objetos de análise, com os quais os jovens articulam modos de pertencimento perpassados por sua condição etária e pelas diversas formas de violência e incertezas a que são expostos. O texto de apresentação da “orelha”, com a ilustre assinatura de Guillermo Orozco Gómez, já aponta para as “marcas singulares” das novas gerações, “manifestas em sons, imagens e palavras propagadas pela música, pelos muros, indumentárias e adereços, telas de computadores, celulares, TVs e pelas comunidades de fãs”. O artigo de abertura, do influente pesquisador Jesús Martín-Barbero, intitula-se “A mudança na percepção da juventude: sociabilidades, tecnicidades e subjetividades entre os jovens”. Nesse texto, Barbero apresenta uma releitura dos significados da “condição juvenil”, que se caracteriza por um “excesso de tempo livre” e pela “longa ‘fila de espera’ para encontrar trabalho” (p. 16. Sua análise baseia-se em diversos estudos sobre práticas culturais dos jovens, definidos como “sujeitos íntima e estruturalmente mediados por

  3. Editorial

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    Gildenir Carolino Santos

    2012-12-01

    from Fluminense Federal University, discuss the process of youth subjectivation and new ways of knowledge production. It also analyzes the creation and development of a workshop with students in a public school in the city of Niterói, in Rio de Janeiro state."Perceptions and actors’ practices in virtual communities" is the fifth work by the author Rejane Ramos Machado, from Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. The purpose of this article is to describe the main characteristics of a tool for managing virtual communities, the interaction processes, the conditions that favored or limited knowledge construction and how this practice occurred in virtual communities of a federal public institution.The next paper, "VITAE: learning objects retrieval based on Web 2.0," Geovália Oliveira Coelho (Federal Institute of Minas Gerais, Lucila Ishitani and Maria Augusta Vieira Nelson (Minas Gerais Pontifical Catholic University propose a mechanism for retrieving learning objects, called VITAE, based on Web 2.0 principles.Search section, with the seventh work "Opinion of university students on distance education in the context of pharmaceutical Sciences", Aníbal de Freitas Santos Junior (University of Bahia State and Hildonice de Souza Batista (Open University of Brazil bring the discussion about the insertion of Distance Education (DE in Pharmaceutical Sciences practice. The authors suggest that respondents are aware of the need of Distance Education in their formation, but at the same time they are concerned about the level of quality and complementarity of studies, due to the specificity of each practical activity that involves the patient and pharmaceutical professional.Ending this section, the work "The perception of the graduates about curricular changes occurred in the undergraduate nursing course", a contribution of Marcia Maria Ribera Lopes Spessoto (Mato Grosso do Sul State University, Giselle Cristina Martins Real (Grande Dourados Federal University and Maria Helena Salgado Bagnato

  4. Obituary: David Q. Wark, 1918-2002

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillin, Larry Max

    2003-12-01

    Administration (NOAA) in 1970. But retirement did not stop his work or his contributions to science. In his last 3 years, Dr. Wark took a part-time post-retirement position at NOAA/NESDIS where he continued to work in the field he pioneered and to which he dedicated his life. One could not ta1k to Dr. Wark for long without learning of his keen interest in sailing. He was especia1ly proud of his 4-year adventure in which took periodic time from work to sail around the world (from 1982--1986) on his 38' cutter the Capella. During this time he (and a crew of 2) spent almost an entire year on the open seas, beginning the trip at Solomons, Maryland, and including stops in Ft. Lauderdale, Cancun, Panama, Galapagos Islands, French Polynesia, Cooke Islands, Niue, Tonga, Fiji, Vanuatu, Australia, Christmas Islands, Mauritius, Reunion, South Africa, St Helena, Brazil, the Virgin Islands and back home again along the North Carolina coast. His meteorological interest showed in the detailed series of bucket temperatures he took on this trip. On his return he obtained the corresponding satellite measurements and made comparisons between his temperatures and the surface temperatures measured by the satellite. He often made comments about how rare a cloud-free sky was, at least in the vicinity of oceans. A few years later he circumnavigated the eastern half of the United States via rivers, inter-coastal waterways, and canals, a trip of approximately 2000 miles. This voyage ended in 1990, when he was 72 years of age. Some of the segments of this voyage he sailed single-handedly, a remarkable achievement. This biography would not be complete without mentioning the famous cigars. Dr. Wark acquired a reputation among his colleagues for hardly ever being seen without a well-chewed cigar, damp on one end, lit on the other, in his hand. When computers were in their infancy, discs were not as well sealed as they are today, and the one in Dr. Wark's office seemed to experience an inordinate frequency of

  5. Editorial

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    Dulce Amélia de Brito Neves

    2012-01-01

    conhecimentos e seus avanços. Na presente edição temos nove artigos que expressam as contribuições de diversos autores apresentados por ordem alfabética de títulos. No artigo inicial “Ações para competências em informação no ciberespaço: reflexões sobre a contribuição da Metacognição”, Gustavo Henrique de Araujo Freire e Isa Maria Freire discutem a contribuição da metacognição às ações para competências em informação no ciberespaço. Enfatizam que a produção e o compartilhamento de informação e conhecimento em redes virtuais são vistas como possibilidades de criação de novos saberes. O segundo artigo intitulado “Aproximações entre o processo de adaptação de Piaget e os modos de conversão do conhecimento de Nonaka & Takeuchi” Marina Ferreira de Castro Wille, Regina Alves de Morais Marques, Helena de Fátima Nunes Silva, Tânia Stoltz e Verônica Branco elaboraram uma pesquisa bibliográfica e exploratória buscando relacionar estudos teóricos com contribuições da área educacional e da psicologia com o objetivo de contribuir para o enriquecimento da pesquisa organizacional. Em “Conceitos de informação e texto nas abordagens do ponto de vista cognitivo na Ciência da Informação e do processamento da informação na Psicologia Cognitiva – uma visão interdisciplinar”, Shirley Guimarães Pimenta contribui para a discussão da afinidade do ponto de vista cognitivo na Ciência da Informação e a abordagem do processamento da informação na Psicologia Cognitiva. Assinala a relevância do entendimento da interação entre informação, texto e indivíduo, porém são observadas lacunas quanto a tal realce. Utilizando-se de noções que são comuns a ambas as abordagens, propõe-se que algumas dessas lacunas possam ser preenchidas. Vera Regina Casari Boccato em seu artigo “O contexto sociocognitivo do indexador no processo de representação temática da informação” focaliza a interdisciplinaridade entre as vertentes

  6. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia - Teses Defendidas 1998 - Doutorado - Instituto de Geociências - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

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    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available 118 Anuário do Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ Volume 21 / 1998 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia Teses Defendidas - Doutorado Nome: Eduardo Antonio Gomes Marques Título: Caracterização Geomecânica de um Perfil de Intemperismo em Kinzigito Orientador: Eurípedes do Amaral Vargas Jr. Resumo: Neste trabalho são apresentados os resultados alcançados no estudo de um “perfil” de intemperismo em um gnaisse kinzigítico do município do Rio de Janeiro. Inicialmente apresentam-se os resultados de um amplo levantamento de campo, destinado à identificação dos condicionantes geológicos (notadamente os estruturais e geomorfológicos, no desenvolvimento desses perfis. A utilização de um cadastro de testes permitiu a identificação de quatro níveis de alteração, para os quais foi então implementada uma ampla caracterização mineralógica e física, com determinação de peso específico, da porosidade, do teor de umidade de saturação, da porosimetria, da velocidade de propagação de ondas, da desagregabilidade e da resistência à compressão puntiforme. Para aqueles níveis em que foi possível moldar-se corpos de prova representativos, foi realizada, em uma segunda etapa, uma caracterização geomecânica, através de ensaios de resistência à tração e resistência ‘a compressão uniaxial e triaxial, para os quais foram determinadas e analisadas as resistências, os módulos de deformabilidade e os coeficientes de Poisson, máximos e médios, para cada nível de alteração. Os resultados alcançados em cada ensaio são discutidos, avaliando-se a influência da alteração sobre as propriedades e a anisotropia dos materiais estudados. As principais tendências e correlações são também apresentadas, não só entre as propriedades do kinzigito, mas também com as de outros gnaisses, leptinito e gnaisse facoidal, muito comuns no Rio de Janeiro. Nome: Helena Polivanov Título: Caracterização Química, Mineral

  7. Resumos dos Trabalhos Apresentados em Painéis no Workshop Baía de Guanabara, IGEO/UFRJ - 2002

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    2003-01-01

    éria orgânica na região pode fornecer subsídio para análise do material de natureza antropogênica oriundo dos constantes processos de impactação ambiental, representada também pela deposição de petróleo. Este fato pode estar relacionado não só às espécies de foraminíferos presentes, como ao tamanho reduzido de suas carapaças, revelando a aplicabilidade e eficiência destes organismos como bioindicadores ambientais. Caracterização Pedológica, Fisico-Química e Mineralógica dos Solos da Área da Petroflex Ind. & Com. S.A. Denize Glória Barcellos Ramos1, Helena Polivanov2, Albari Gelson Pedroso3 1Depto. de Geologia, IGEO, CCMN, UFRJ - denize@geologia.ufrj.br 2Depto. de Geologia, IGEO, CCMN, UFRJ, helena@acd.ufrj.br, 3Petroflex Ind. & Com. S.A. Em análises de remediação natural, é necessário o conhecimento detalhado das condições do meio, da contaminação e do fluxo, visando à elaboração de métodos de tratamento e despoluição. Neste sentido, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo caracterizar os solos da planta industrial da Petroflex Ind. & Com. S.A., como possíveis barreiras retentoras de contaminantes derivados de hidrocarbonetos. Para isto, foram identificadas as unidades pedológicas, determinadas às características físicas, químicas e mineralógicas dos solos. A área de estudo encontra-se instalada no Pólo Petroquímico de Duque de Caxias, na borda noroeste da Baía de Guanabara, inserida no ecossistema manguezal. Os estudos seguiram as normas exigidas pela Agência de Proteção Ambiental Americana (EPA, que considera o mapeamento pedológico, assim como as determinações das características físicas, químicas e mineralógicas, requisitos necessários para o estudo de áreas contaminadas. A caracterização da unidade pedológica foi realizada pelos métodos usuais de mapeamento de solos, coletando-se as amostras com auxílio de um trado manual nos diversos horizontes identificados, as quais foram descritas morfologicamente

  8. Revista História da Educação - RHE, v. 12, n. 26, 2008

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    RHE Asphe

    2011-03-01

    áculo.

    O presente dossiê se propõe realizar releituras históricas do ensino secundário brasileiro. O conjunto de textos não focaliza o ensino de segundo grau - criado pela Lei 5.692, de 1971 - e nem o atual ensino médio, mas coloca o foco sobre o ensino secundário no Brasil durante o século XIX e de boa parte do século passado. Os artigos estão organizados em certa ordem cronológica: um primeiro grupo de textos dedica-se a repensar o ensino secundário durante o Império, enquanto os outros ensaios refletem sobre esse mesmo nível de escolarização no período republicano. Eles tratam de diversificadas questões numa perspectiva histórica como o ensino militar, manuais escolares, disciplinas-saber, cultura escolar, sociabilidade e gênero e intelectuais da educação. São questões relevantes para a historiografia da educação, abordadas a partir de diferenciados referenciais teóricos, em que a história dialoga, de forma frutífera e criativa, com outras Ciências Sociais.

    O ensino secundário nos oitocentos é revisitado inicialmente pelo artigo “O ensino secundário militar na contramão das tendências do império”, de Cláudia Alves, que procura mostrar como o ensino secundário militar teve formato seriado e foco nas Ciências Naturais, na segunda metade do século XIX. Essa cultura escolar, também praticada em alguns colégios confessionais, contrasta com o modelo dominante do ensino secundário no período imperial, marcado por cursos preparatórios e por exames parcelados – segundo o estudo clássico de Haidar (1972. O Imperial Colégio de Pedro II e os liceus provinciais tiveram como modelo principal o lycée francês. Nesta direção, noensaio “Manuais escolares franceses no Imperial Colégio de Pedro II”, Maria Helena Camara Bastos apresenta a disseminação da francofonia no ensino secundário brasileiro a partir de um estudo instigante sobre manuais escolares. No período imperial, o sistema escolar brasileiro foi

  9. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia - 2004 - Teses Defendidas - Doutorado - Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ

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    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available 125Anuário do Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ Volume 27 / 2004Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia Teses Defendidas - Doutorado Autor: Helder Manuel da Costa Santos Orientadoras: Helena Polivanov e Josilda Rodrigues da Silva de Moura Título: Caracterização física, química, mineralógica e geotécnicados gleissolos das baixadas de Santa Cruz, Guaratiba eJacarepaguá do município do Rio de Janeiro. No de páginas: 241 Resumo: Este trabalho trata do estudo dos gleissolos das baixadas de San-ta Cruz, Guaratiba e Jacarepaguá do Município do Rio de Janeiro. Osgleissolos ocorrem extensamente nestas baixadas, principalmente, nasbaixadas de Santa Cruz e Guaratiba e se caracterizam por apresenta-rem, em seus perfis, camadas de argilas moles. A sistematização doestudo foi realizada nos solos das unidades gleissolo húmico (GHa,gleissolo pouco húmico (GPa, gleissolo húmico salino tiomórfico (GHTe gleissolo salino indiscriminado (GIS sendo os dois primeiros não sali-nos e os dois últimos salinos. Para a caracterização destes solos reali-zaram-se análises físicas, químicas, mineralógicas, ensaios de palheta ede adensamento e também estudos geofísicos. Os resultadosmostram que os solos gleissolos são predominantemente argilosos, deconsistência mole a muito mole, compressíveis, de baixa resistência,agressivos por corrosão às estruturas metálicas e de concreto e acaulinita aparece como o argilomineral predominante. Os solos das uni-dades salinas GHT e GIS apresentaram as piores condições naturais egeotécnicas para a implantação de obras de engenharia. Comparaçõescom os dados de solos argilosos de baixadas litorâneas brasileiras e dealguns países mostram que os solos quaternários, em geral, guardamsemelhanças em termos de propriedades geotécnicas devido à histó-ria geológica comum. 126Anuário do Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ Volume 27 / 2004Autor: Klaus Cozzolino Orientador: Jadir da Conceição da Silva T

  10. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia - Dissertações Defendidas 2000 - Mestrado - Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ

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    2000-01-01

    ço, escolhemos determinada área, a colônia de pescadores z-7, do Cumbuco, localizada no município de Caucaia na região metropolitana de fortaleza, e analisamos as principais conseqüências provenientes da atividade turística, considerando os aspectos e as formas da dinâmica da produção pesqueira e dos novos agentes sociais que entraram em cena. Apesar de termos constatado que a atividade turística no Cumbuco, mesmo incipiente, associada à especulação imobiliária, foram os principais meios transformadores que geraram a descaracterização da comunidade, observamos que para o lugar se colocam outras tendências, pois a proximidade com fortaleza e as reformas que vêm ocorrendo na zona oeste da capital puderam influenciar todo o litoral de Caucaia, estendendo-se até o Cumbuco: ademais, a construção do porto de Pecém, no município de São Gonçalo do Amarante, e, posteriormente, sua expansão polarizarão a comunidade e serviços para a vila de pescadores, além de estabelecer grandes projetos turísticos, associados às reformas urbanísticas. O incremento do turismo no Brasil, nas últimas décadas, tem sido um fato bastante evidente. No nordeste aposta-se na atividade como alternativa para a solução de problemas sócio-econômicos. Para o Ceará o desenvolvimento da atividade turística é planejado de modo que venha gerar divisas e, com isso trazer soluções para os entraves econômicos do estado. Nome: Maria Helena Palmer Orientador: Lia Osório Machado Título: O processo de emancipação municipal no estado do Espírito Santo 48 Anuário do Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ Volume 23 / 2000 Resumo: A concretização da descentralização política pode ser verificada de diversas maneiras. esta dissertação privilegiou sua constatação através de duas medidas: a descentralização financeira via tributos e transferências; e a redução, ou ampliação, dos requisitos legais para a criação de novos municípios. trata-se de aspectos administrativos

  11. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia - 2003 - Teses Defendidas - Doutorado - Instituto de Geociências, UFRJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2003-01-01

    ídeo Mytiloides submytiloides, (Seitz, 1935, que representa um evento biológico global de distribuição geográfica ampla e a regressiva, pela continuidade da fauna. Outras duas seqüências sedimentares transgressivas foram identificadas com base na ocorrência de cefalópodos e são datadas no Coniaciano superior e no Campaniano superior. 183 Anuário do Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ Volume 26 / 2003 Autor: Heitor Fernandes Mothé Filho Orientadores: Helena Polivanov e Cheila Gonçalves Mothé Título: Caracterização e aplicação tecnológica do rejeito da indústria do mármore e do granito - 137 p. Resumo O processo de industrialização tem deteriorado rapidamente a qualidade do meio ambiente. As indústrias geram grandes quantidades de resíduos e eles podem poluir a natureza. O setor das rochas ornamentais produz mais de 200.000 t por ano de rejeitos sólidos, não degradáveis, que são descartados em lagoas de decantação e em áreas de aterro. Os objetivos desta pesquisa são a caracterização do rejeito e a obtenção de material cerâmico. Para isto, foram feitas análises de distribuição dos tamanhos de partícula, química, mineralógica, térmica, de plasticidade, de difração de raios-X e testes de sintetização, absorção de água, densidade aparente, porosidade aparente, compressão simples e tensão de ruptura. São considerados matérias primas o rejeito, oriundo de oito empresas, argilas de Itaboraí e Seropédica. O efluente líquido também foi estudado. Um programa estatístico foi utilizado para indicar a melhor condição para uma determinada propriedade. Os resultados indicaram que o rejeito pode ser utilizado para obtenção de cerâmicos. Autor: Renato Rodriguez Cabral Ramos Orientadores: Claudio Limeira Mello e Renato Rodolfo Andreis Título: Sistemas aluviais terciários da Bacia de Resende, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: análise de fácies e revisão estratigráfica - 221 p. Resumo Neste trabalho é proposta uma redefini