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Sample records for envolvendo areas inativas

  1. Guarantee-bond: main concepts and overview of its application within the bidding process involving inactive areas with marginal accumulations of petroleum and natural gas; Seguro-garantia: conceituacao e panorama de sua aplicacao no processo licitatorio envolvendo areas inativas com acumulacoes marginais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eduardo, Antonio Sergio; Herrmann, Hildebrando [Universidade ERstadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil); Ferreira, Doneivan Fernandes [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The Brazilian Petroleum Agency has been working on the adoption of an efficient financial guarantee system in order to ensure the fulfillment of contractual obligations in upstream-related activities. This process is aimed at: creating incentives for responsible behavior in the industry; attending current demands from society for efficiency and transparency; attending to industries demands for the maintenance of investment flows within the sector; safeguarding the government against financial liabilities caused by irresponsible or insolvent concessionaires; and keeping the sector attractive and competitive for small and medium companies. Within the bidding process for the concession of inactive areas with marginal accumulations, ANP requires two kinds of guarantees: a bidding guarantee, and a PTI guarantee (for obligations under the Initial Work Program-PTI). In both cases, the ANP allows two kinds of financial instruments: 'Seguros-Garantia' and 'Letters of Credit'. According to bidding rules, guarantees must be presented before the bidding process. This instrument ensures that the winner will sign the concession contract. The PTI guarantee ensures performance in a timely fashion. This paper describes and analyzes the instrument 'Seguro-Garantia', its evolution, existing categories, and applicability. (author)

  2. Comparando inativação fotodinâmica e antimicrobianos

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    Wanessa de Cássia Martins Antunes de Melo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available O aparecimento de uma grande variedade de microorganismos patogênicos resistentes aos antimicrobianos tem resultado tanto no aumento do índice de doenças quanto no aumento do índice de mortalidade, ambos provocados por infecções facilmente tratadas no passado. Assim, tornou-se urgente a necessidade de desenvolver novos procedimentos de intervenção a fim de promover a inviabilização do crescimento microbiano. A Inativação Fotodinâmica de microorganismos é uma alternativa promissora no combate de infecções localizadas de micro-organismos. Basicamente esse mecanismo envolve a combinação sinérgica de um fotossensibilizador, oxigênio molecular e luz visível de comprimento de onda adequado para produzir espécies reativas de oxigênio, que causam oxidação dos componentes da célula levando-a à morte. A principal vantagem dessa técnica é o fato de não haver desenvolvimento de resistência ao tratamento pelos micro-organismos, devido ao grande número de alvos possíveis por parte dos radicais de oxigênio. Este trabalho faz uma comparação entre inativação fotodinâmica de micro-organismos e a ação dos antimicrobianos.

  3. Barreiras e facilitadores para a prática da atividade física de longevas inativas fisicamente

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    Rodrigo de Rosso Krug

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: o avanço da idade ocasiona uma diminuição das capacidades físicas, aumentando o risco de inatividade física nas idades mais avançadas. OBJETIVO: analisar as percepções quanto às barreiras e os facilitadores para a prática de atividade física. MÉTODOS: desenvolveu-se um estudo qualitativo, com 30 idosas fisicamente inativas, participantes dos Grupos de Convivência cadastrados na Prefeitura Municipal de Florianópolis-SC. Para a coleta de dados, foi utilizado o roteiro das questões norteadoras dos grupos focais e os dados foram tratados pela análise de conteúdo temática. RESULTADOS: as idosas fisicamente inativas perceberam mais barreiras do que facilitadores para a prática de atividades físicas. As principais barreiras foram: a limitação física, a falta de disposição, o excesso de cuidado da família, os exercícios físicos inadequados, as doenças, a falta de segurança, o casamento e o cuidar dos filhos, nunca ter realizado atividades físicas para lazer, o medo de quedas e o aumento da idade. Os principais facilitadores foram: o prazer pela prática de atividade física, a socialização, os benefícios da atividade física, os exercícios físicos adequados, ter companhia para praticar atividades físicas e o programa de atividades físicas da Prefeitura Municipal de Florianópolis-SC. CONCLUSÃO: o conhecimento dessas barreiras e facilitadores pode contribuir para o planejamento de estratégias a serem aplicadas em intervenções com a população de idosas fisicamente inativas, buscando modificações de comportamentos para a adoção de um estilo de vida ativo, que lhes proporcionará anos de vida com melhor capacidade funcional, condições de saúde e independência.

  4. Auto-estima na forma inativa da oftalmopatia de Graves Inactive Graves' ophthalmopathy and self-esteem

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    Carlos Henrique de Toledo Magalhães

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 30 pacientes portadores de oftalmopatia de Graves, eutireoideanos, na fase inativa, com idade variando entre 26 e 65 anos, média 43 ± 11,0 anos, denominado grupo estudo e 39 indivíduos que não apresentavam oftalmopatia de Graves, com idade variando entre 18 e 67 anos, média de 41 ± 13,4 anos, selecionados na população geral denominado grupo controle. Para avaliar a auto-estima foi utilizada a escala de auto-estima Rosenberg Unifesp-EPM aplicada por meio de entrevista. Os valores dos escores de auto-estima nos dois grupos estudados foram comparados pelo teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney. O mesmo teste foi aplicado com objetivo de comparar os resultados obtidos no grupo oftalmopatia de Graves considerando a gravidade da doença. RESULTADOS: Não foi observada alteração com significância estatística na auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves (p=0,057. O grupo estudo apresentou, em média, valores inferiores de auto-estima, comparado ao grupo controle. Não houve diferença da auto-estima entre os pacientes dos subgrupos leve e moderado-grave (P=0,2710. CONCLUSÃO: A oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa não afetou a auto-estima dos pacientes, no grupo estudado.PURPOSE: To assess the self-esteem of Graves' ophthalmopathy patients in the inactive phase. METHODS: Thirty euthyroid patients were evaluated in the inactive phase of disease with age ranging from 26 to 65 years, average of 43 ± 11,0 years, called study group and 39 individuals without Graves' ophthalmopathy with age ranging from 18 to 67 years, average of 41 ± 13,4 years, selected from the general population called control group. To evaluate the self-esteem the Rosenberg UNIFESP/EPM self-esteem scale, applied by means of an interview, was utilized. The self-esteem scores in the two studied groups were compared by means of the non

  5. Violência envolvendo adolescentes estudantes na tríplice fronteira: Brasil - Paraguai - Argentina

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    Elis Maria Teixeira Palma Priotto

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: A violência social está presente na sociedade, expressando-se de forma associada a outros tipos de violência e conformando uma rede onde se expressam os conflitos do sistema social em que se articulam os níveis interpessoais. A violência praticada e sofrida entre os adolescentes materializa-se nos diversos espaços sociais, envolvendo-os enquanto vítimas, agressores, vítimas/agressores, nem vítimas nem agressores - expectadores. Objetivo: Analisar a existência de associação da...

  6. Perfil dos ensaios clínicos envolvendo crianças brasileiras

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    Vieira, Jean Mendes de Lucena; Lima, Elisangela da Costa; Land, Marcelo Gerardin Poirot; Ventura, Miriam; Coelho, Helena Lutescia Luna

    2017-01-01

    Resumo: Este estudo visou a caracterizar os ensaios clínicos com medicamentos envolvendo crianças e adolescentes brasileiros, registrados nas bases de dados do Clinical Trials e da Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos (ReBEC), entre os anos de 1994 e 2014. Apenas 462 ensaios clínicos envolveram brasileiros nessa faixa etária. A partir de 2003, houve aumento no número de registros, com expressiva queda em 2011. Dentre esses, 35,5% foram sediados no Brasil. Os ensaios clínicos internacionais...

  7. Inactivation kinetics of peroxidase from coconut waterCinética de inativação da peroxidase em água de coco

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    Gabrielle Cardoso Reis Fontan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this project was study the thermal inactivation kinetics of the peroxidase enzyme (POD present in the green coconut water, being determined the parameters D values, z value and Q10, besides the Arrhenius’ activation energy (Ea to the process. Nine time/temperature binomials for the thermal treatment at three temperatures (75°C, 85°C and 95°C and maintenance times from 1min to 30 min, besides a control sample without thermal treatment. D values were obtained by linear regression, being equals to 833,3 min, 35,6min and 1,63min at 75°C, 85°C and 95°C, respectively, while the z value was equal to 7,4°C. These values demonstrate that POD of coconut water is thermal resistant to inactivation, being such processes strongly affected by temperature. Such fact is also verified by the high values of Ea (332,3 kJ/mol and Q10 (22,7, which indicate that a high amount of energy is required for the POD inactivation and an increase of temperature elevate the inactivation rate.Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a cinética de inativação térmica da enzima peroxidase (POD presente na água de coco verde, determinando-se os valores dos parâmetros D, z e Q10, além da energia de ativação (Ea de Arrhenius para o processo. Foram avaliados nove binômios tempo/temperatura para o tratamento térmico em três temperaturas (75°C, 85°C e 95°C e tempos de manutenção variando de 1min a 30min, além da amostra sem tratamento térmico. Os valores de D foram determinados por meio de regressão linear, obtendo-se os valores de 833,3min., 35,6min. e 1,63min., para as temperaturas de 75°C, 85°C e 95°C, respectivamente, enquanto o valor de z foi igual a 7,4°C. Esses valores demonstraram que a POD da água de coco é resistente à inativação térmica, sendo tal processo fortemente afetado pela temperatura utilizada. Tal fato foi reforçado pelos altos valores da Ea (332,3kJ/mol e Q10 (22,7, que indicaram que uma alta quantidade de energia

  8. Lixiviação e inativação do metribuzin em dois tipos de solos Leaching and inactivation of metribuzin in two soil types

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    J. Ferreira da Silva

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar a lixiviação e a inativação do herbicida metribuzin (4-amino-6-tertbutil-3-(metiltio-as-triazina-5-(4Hona em materiais de um solo franco-argiloso e de outro solo franco-argilo-arenoso de duas regiões de Minas Gerais, um em laboratório e outro em casa de vegetação. O solo franco-argiloso era um Latossolo Roxo, com 2,8% de matéria orgãnica e o solo franco-argilo-arenoso era um Podzólico Vermelho-Amarelo; fase terraço, em 2,17% de matéria orgânica. Em laboratório estudou-se a lixiviação do metribuzin em colunas de 5, 10 e 15 cm de altura, com 7,5 cm de diâmetro, enchidas com materiais dos solos franco-argiloso e do solo franco-argiloarenoso. Usou-se o ensaio biológico de discos de cotilédones de melancia para detectar o metribuzin no lixiviado. Em casa de vegetação, estudou-se a inativação do metribuzin com materiais dos mesmos solos utilizados para o estudo de lixiviação. Para este ensaio foram utilizadas as doses de 0, 50, 80, 110, 140, 170 e 200g do i.a./ha do produto, e em areia lavada, as doses foram de 0, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 e 16 g do i.a./ha do metribuzin, usando o pepino como planta teste, que foi cortado rente ao solo e pesado aos 14 dias após o plantio. Informações adicionais são necessárias para explicar porque o solo franco -argiloso inativa mais o metribuzin que o solo franco-argilo-arenoso.Laboratory and greenhouse experiments were made to evaluate the leaching and the inactivation of the metribuzin in clay loam and sand clay loam soils. The clay loam soil was a dark, red latosol with 2,8% organic matter and the sand clay loam soil was a reddish-yellow podzol with 2,17% organic matter. Leaching of metribuzin was studied in the laboratory in colums of 5, 10 and 15 cm high, 7.5 cm diameter, filled with soil. Watermelon cotiledon discs were used to measure the metribuzin leached. The inactivation of metribuzin was estudied in a greenhouse using doses of 0, 50, 80, 110, 140, 170 and 200

  9. Perfil dos ensaios clínicos envolvendo crianças brasileiras

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    Jean Mendes de Lucena Vieira

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este estudo visou a caracterizar os ensaios clínicos com medicamentos envolvendo crianças e adolescentes brasileiros, registrados nas bases de dados do Clinical Trials e da Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos (ReBEC, entre os anos de 1994 e 2014. Apenas 462 ensaios clínicos envolveram brasileiros nessa faixa etária. A partir de 2003, houve aumento no número de registros, com expressiva queda em 2011. Dentre esses, 35,5% foram sediados no Brasil. Os ensaios clínicos internacionais foram majoritariamente conduzidos por empresas norte-americanas. Em ambos os casos, a indústria multinacional foi a principal fonte de apoio financeiro. Predominaram ensaios clínicos de fase III com antivirais em formas farmacêuticas injetáveis e sólidas orais. Os ensaios clínicos nacionais apresentaram maior variação quanto às formas farmacêuticas e maior porcentual de formulações líquidas investigadas, em comparação aos internacionais. Além da forte dependência externa para a realização dos ensaios clínicos, destacou-se o desafio para o cuidado pediátrico no Brasil, que apresenta peculiaridades epidemiológicas em um ambiente propício ao uso de medicamentos não licenciados para crianças.

  10. Riqueza e composição de vertebrados em latrinas ativas e inativas de Pteronura brasiliensis (Carnivora, Mustelidae na Amazônia Oriental, Brasil

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    Cintia M. Togura

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O estudo objetivou avaliar a riqueza e composição de vertebrados de médio e grande porte em latrinas ativas e inativas de ariranhas [Pteronura brasiliensis (Gmelin, 1788], em uma Unidade de Conservação de Uso Sustentável na Amazônia Oriental Brasileira. O estudo foi realizado em 45 latrinas ao longo de 230 km nos rios Falsino e Araguari (0°55'N, 51°35'W, sendo que desse total, 24 apresentaram fezes frescas e 21 fezes velhas de ariranhas. De julho a novembro de 2012, cada latrina foi monitorada com uma armadilha fotográfica programada para operar por 24 horas. O esforço de campo resultou em 458,8 armadilhas/dia, sendo 247,5 armadilhas/dia em latrinas com fezes frescas e 211,3 armadilhas/dia com fezes velhas. Foram obtidos registros de 22 espécies de vertebrados. A maior parte das espécies registradas foram mamíferos (n = 13, seguida por aves (n = 6, e répteis (n = 3. As espécies mais frequentemente fotografadas foram paca [Cuniculus paca (Linnaeus, 1766; n = 21], jaguatirica [Leopardus pardalis (Linnaeus, 1758; n =11], juriti-pupu (Leptotila verreauxi Bonaparte, 1855; n = 8, ariranha [Pteronura brasiliensis (Gmelin, 1788; n = 7], e anta [Tapirus terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758; n = 6], que foram responsáveis por 55,8% de todos os registros. A maior parte dos registros (69,5% foram obtidos em latrinas com fezes frescas e o número de espécies foi maior (n = 19 do que os registrados em latrinas com fezes velhas (n = 15. No entanto, a dissimilaridade entre a comunidade de vertebrados entre latrinas com fezes frescas e velhas não diferiu. A média de visitação em latrinas com fezes frescas foi ligeiramente superior do que em latrinas com fezes velhas, embora essa diferença tenha sido apenas marginalmente significativa. Entretanto, houve uma diminuição no número de registros de felinos [Leopardus pardalis, Leopardus wiedii (Schinz, 1821 e Panthera onca (Linnaeus, 1758], marginalmente significativo em latrinas com fezes frescas

  11. Análise dos fatores associados aos acidentes de trânsito envolvendo ciclistas atendidos nas capitais brasileiras

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    Carlos Augusto Moreira de Sousa

    Full Text Available Resumo O Brasil possui a sexta maior frota de bicicletas do mundo, sendo esta o veículo de transporte individual mais utilizado no país. Porém, poucos estudos abordam a temática envolvendo os acidentes com ciclistas, bem como os fatores que colaboram ou evitam essa ocorrência. Utilizou-se amostragem complexa e posterior análise de dados por regressão logística multivariada e cálculo das respectivas razões de chance para estudar o Inquérito de delineamento transversal (VIVA, o qual compõe o Sistema de Vigilância de Violências e Acidentes do Ministério da Saúde. As razões de chance apontaram maiores chances de ocorrência de acidentes envolvendo ciclistas em indivíduos do sexo masculino, de menor escolaridade e que residem em área urbana e periurbana. Pessoas que não estavam utilizando a bicicleta para ir ao trabalho apresentaram maior chance de acidente. O perfil encontrado no presente estudo corrobora os achados de outros estudos, os quais consideram que a coexistência de ciclistas com os demais meios de transporte, no mesmo espaço urbano, acarreta em maior chance de acidentes. A construção de espaços exclusivos à circulação de bicicletas e a realização de campanhas educativas são preconizadas.

  12. Influência do meio suporte na inativação de endósporos de Bacillus atrophaeus em resíduos de serviços de saúde por micro-ondas

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    Elisa Augusta de Oliveira

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A Norma Técnica CETESB P2.111/2007 foi tomada como base para avaliar a desinfecção de resíduos de serviços de saúde (RSS por micro-ondas, através da comparação dos resultados provenientes da utilização da norma, ou seja, com endósporos de Bacillus atropheus em suspensão no interior de ampolas introduzidas nos RSS, com os obtidos nos endósporos dispersos na superfície das partículas. Os resultados foram ajustados à cinética de primeira ordem e à Lei de Arrhenius para obtenção das energias de ativação (Ea e dos fatores pré-exponenciais (k0. A Ea obtida nos endósporos em suspensão nas ampolas (99-45 J.mol-1 foram sensivelmente menores quando comparadas com as Ea (9.203-5.782 J.mol-1 provenientes da inativação dos endósporos dispersos sobre os RSS, para k0 praticamente constantes (0,26 e 0,23 min-1, respectivamente. Portanto, a resistência à inativação dos endósporos foi bastante afetada pelo meio suporte utilizado, tendo sido mais sensíveis à exposição a micro-ondas no meio líquido do que no meio sólido.

  13. Movimento e inativação do metribuzin em materiais de dois solos, sob diferentes densidades aparentes Movement and inactivation of metribuzin in two soil materials with different bulk densities

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    L.E.F. Fontes

    1980-06-01

    Full Text Available Numa série de ensaios em laboratório e casa-de-vegetação, estudou-se a mobilidade e a inativação do herbicida metribuzin em materiais de um Latossolo e de um Podzólico representativos de duas regiões do Estado de Minas Gerais, em função de diferentes densidades aparentes. Ensaios biológicos foram utilizados para medir a inativação e a mobilidade do metribuzin nos diferentes solos e densidades. A densidade aparente alterou de forma pronunciada a quantidade de herbicida lixiviado através das colunas dos materiais dos solos estudados. Quanto maior a densidade, menor a quantidade de herbicida lixiviado. A quantidade de herbicida que permaneceu biologicamente ativo ao longo da coluna foi diretamente relacionada com a densidade, em cada solo. A mobilidade do metribuzin no material do Latossolo foi maior que no de Podzólico, em consequência de maior atividade coloidal deste.The leaching and inactivation of metribuzin were studied with materials of two mineral soilsat different bulk densities. Plastic tubing of' 7.25 cm diameter and 10 cm height were filled up with different amounts of soil to get different bulk densities. One kg/ha of a.i. of metribuzin placed on the surface are a of the column was le ached through these soil colums using 250 ml of water. The cotyledon disk bioassay method was used to detect the metribuzin leachet. The biological active metribuzin in the soil colunn at different depths, and the inativation abil ity of the soils were determined using the assay with cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. as test-plant. The increase of bulk density reduced the leaching and enhanced the biologically active metribuzin in the soil column. Metribuzin was more mobil in the Red -yellow Lato ssol and more inactivated in the Red-yellow Podzolic soils.

  14. Utilização de Jogos de Empresas Envolvendo Cadeia Logística - Um Enfoque Educacional

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    Rogerio Orlandeli

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho dispõe de uma análise do aproveitamento educacional na utilização de jogos de empresa, juntamente com a analise dos resultados de um jogo contendo o estudo de caso empresarial dinâmico, no qual o resultado é determinado por funções internas e interações externas entre empresas que competem em uma indústria hipotética, contendo um modelo econômico computacional próprio. O jogo analisado é um ambiente imaginário de negócios, em que os participantes podem praticar a arte e a ciência do planejamento e das decisões tomadas nos altos escalões de gerenciamento das empresas, envolvendo todo o processo logístico de produção. O mercado também é influenciado por variações econômicas e sazonais. O jogo se mostrou como uma ferramenta poderosa no processo de ensino, oferecendo estímulo emocional, fixando mais os conceitos e gerando conseqüências hipotéticas de decisões efetuadas, permitindo concluir-se que pode ser usado também com a finalidade de treinamento, seleção e pesquisa em empresas.

  15. Inativação de pseudomonas aeruginosa em resíduos de serviços de saúde por microondas Microwave inactivation of pseudomonas aeruginosa in healthcare waste

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    Reinaldo Pisani Júnior

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Resíduos de serviços de saúde da cidade de Ribeirão Preto - SP, previamente esterilizados em autoclave, foram inoculados com microrganismos da espécie P. aeruginosa na forma vegetativa para o processamento com microondas em escala de laboratório. Analisou-se a influência do tempo de exposição à radiação (25, 30, 35 e 40 min. e da potência por unidade de massa de resíduo (60, 80 e 100 W/kg no percentual de inativação dos microrganismos para a umidade de entrada do resíduo de 50% em base úmida. Os resultados experimentais foram ajustados com base na cinética de primeira ordem para determinação da energia de ativação (no intervalo de 13,9 a 14,1 kJ/mol e do fator pré-exponencial da lei de Ahrrenius (10,7 min-1 pelo método dos mínimos quadrados. As equações propostas permitiram obter por simulação a constante cinética e estimar o tempo de processamento necessário para fornecer diferentes níveis de inativação. Por exemplo, o tempo de exposição à radiação de 117 min foi requerido para se obter o nível de inativação 6.Log 10 para os resíduos processados à 100 W/kg e à temperatura de 100ºC.Public healthcare wastes from the city of Ribeirão Preto-SP, pre-sterilised in an autoclave, were inoculated with microrganisms of the species P. aeruginosa in vegetative form for microwave processing on a laboratory scale. An analysis was made of the influence of radiation exposure time (15, 25, 30 and 40 min and power per waste mass unit (60, 80 and 100 W/kg on the percentage of inactivation of the microrganisms at an incoming waste moisture level of 50% (wet basis. The experimental results were adjusted based on first-order kinetic model. The activation energies (in the range of 13.9 to 14.1 kJ/mol and the Arrhenius pre-exponential factors (10.7 min-1 were determined by the least squares method. The kinetic parameters obtained allow one to predict by simulation the first-order kinetic constant achieved with P

  16. Determinação de parâmetros cinéticos da inativação térmica de Escherichia coli em lodo de esgoto Determining kinetic parameters for thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli in sewage sludge

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    Odinei Fogolari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho objetivou determinar parâmetros cinéticos da inativação térmica de Escherichia coli em lodo de esgoto. Os ensaios foram realizados em laboratório pelo método do frasco de três bocas nas temperaturas de 45, 50, 55, 60 e 65ºC. Os resultados indicaram que a cinética de inativação térmica deste microrganismo pode ser descrita por um modelo de primeira ordem. A resistência da bactéria é reduzida consideravelmente em temperaturas acima de 55ºC. A energia de inativação encontrada foi 2,48x10(5 J.mol-1. O tempo de redução decimal D55ºC foi de 3,61 minutos e o coeficiente térmico z foi 8,3ºC.The present study aimed to determine the kinetic parameters of thermal inactivation of Escherichia coli in sewage sludge. The tests were performed in the laboratory using the three-neck flask method at temperatures of 45, 50, 55, 60 and 65ºC. The results indicated that the thermal inactivation kinetic of this microorganism can be described by a first order model. The resistance of bacteria is greatly reduced at temperatures above 55ºC. The inactivation energy was found 2.48x10(5 J.mol-1. The decimal reduction time D55ºC was 3.61 minutes and the thermal coefficient z was 8.3ºC.

  17. Inativação temporária do córtex pré-frontal ventromedial atenua a ansiedade e prejudica a evocação da memória de uma experiência aversiva em ratos

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    Stern, Cristina Aparecida Jark

    2010-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Farmacologia, Florianópolis, 2010 O córtex pré-frontal ventromedial (CPFvm) está associado com processos cognitivos e emocionais. Considerando que ansiedade e memória atuam de maneira integrada, o presente trabalho investigou os efeitos da inativação temporária do CPFvm de ratos usando como ferramenta farmacológica o cobalto, um bloqueador dos canais de cálcio, na co...

  18. Brida amniótica envolvendo o cordão umbilical na gravidez de termo, com sobrevida fetal. Revisão de literatura

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    Joe Luiz Vieira Garcia Novo

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Os AA reviram a literatura de gravidez de termo associada á brida amniótica envolvendo o cordão umbilical, acompanhada de sobrevida fetal. Relatam à raridade desta patologia, associada ao alto obituário fetal intragestacional (90%, causada, em geral, pelos transtornos circulatórios ao concepto. A sobrevida fetal é observada em apenas 10% dos casos, aos quais se soma o novo caso apresentado neste estudo. O propósito deste trabalho, além de relatar o raro caso enfocado, é lembrar que o diagnóstico precoce de patologias intragestacionais, com certeza irão melhorar os resultados perinatais.

  19. Um Interessante Problema de Vestibular Envolvendo a Não-Conservação da Energia Mecânica em um Referencial Acelerado

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    Freitas Jair C. C.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Discutimos detalhadamente a solução de um problema originalmente proposto para um examevestibular, envolvendo a oscilação de um sistema massa-mola num referencial acelerado e a determinação da amplitude de oscilação a partir do instante em que cessa a aceleração do referencial.Mostramos que o valor dessa amplitude depende essencialmente da relação entre o tempo duranteo qual permanece a aceleração do referencial e o período de oscilação. Na situação limite em queo período de oscilação é muito maior do que o tempo de aceleração, o sistema aproxima-se de umsistema conservativo e a amplitude de oscilação pode ser determinada por conservação da energiamecânica. O problema apresentado constitui um interessante exercício para a discussão (em nívelmédio ou universitário de temas como forças fictícias, mudanças de coordenadas e não-conservaçãode energia mecânica em referenciais não-inerciais.

  20. Três casamentos e algumas reflexões: notas sobre conjugalidade envolvendo travestis que se prostituem Three weddings and some reflection: notes on conjugality involving prostitute transvestites

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    Larissa Pelúcio

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma abordagem antropológica que dialoga com a teoria queer, analisam-se três experiências de conjugalidade envolvendo travestis que se prostituem, discutindo-se os limites dessas relações, impostos pela visão de mundo que orienta as travestis, pessoas pertencentes em sua maioria às camadas populares e, de acordo com a hipótese que se coloca, tributárias de uma visão de mundo holista. Assim, observa-se que as relações conjugais vêm fortemente orientadas por perspectivas essencialista quanto ao sexo e ao gênero, atribuindo papéis rigidamente estabelecidos para cada parceiro. Ao naturalizar o sexo que exige um gênero supostamente coerente a essa anatomia que elas simplesmente não aceitam como destino, mantêm-se atadas à matriz heteronormatizadora. Informadas por uma gramática de conjugalidade heterossexual, elas encontram dificuldades em elaborar um outro léxico para as relações conjugais.Starting from an anthropological approach which dialogues with the queer theory, we analyze here three conjugal experiences involving prostitute transvestites. We are going to discuss the limits of those relationships, imposed by the world view that guides the transvestites, people that generally belong to the popular social layers and, in accordance to the hypothesis placed here, are tributary of a holist world view. Thus, we observe that the matrimonial relationships are strongly guided by essentialist interpretations in regard to sex and gender, assigning rigid established roles for each partner. When naturalizing sex which demands a gender supposedly coherent to that anatomy they simply do not accept as destiny, transvestites stay tied to the heteronormative matrix. Informed by a heterosexual matrimonial grammar, they find it difficult to elaborate another lexicon for the matrimonial relationships.

  1. Pectin methylesterase activity determined by different methods and thermal inactivation of exogenous pme in mango juice Determinação da atividade da pectina metilesterase por diferentes métodos e inativação térmica da PME exógena no suco de manga

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    Samantha Lemke Gonzalez

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Pectin methylesterase (PME hydrolyzes methyl ester groups in pectin chains to form carboxylic groups, releasing methanol and H3O+. The aim of this study was to determine PME activity in samples of pectinases by UV-VIS spectroscopy, to measure the acid and methanol produced in the reaction of pectin with pectinase and to verify the thermal inactivation of exogenous PME in mango juice. The activity of PME in samples of pectinase was determined by potentiometry, UV-VIS spectroscopy, and by the action of alcohol oxidase. The reaction showed greater activity at pH 4.0 to 4.5 and at a temperature of 45° C. PME activity determined by UV-VIS spectroscopy with bromophenol blue indicator showed a good correlation with the activity determined by potentiometry and with alcohol oxidase. The results showed that bromophenol blue indicators can be used to determine PME activity in samples of pectinases where the optimum pH is located in the acidic range. The thermal inactivation of exogenous PME in mango juice occurred at 75° C for 20 min of exposure.A PME hidrolisa os grupos metil éster na cadeia da pectina, formando grupos carboxílicos, liberando metanol e H3O+. Objetivou-se, com o presente estudo, determinar a atividade da PME em amostras de pectinases por espectroscopia Uv-vis para quantificar o ácido e o metanol produzido na reação da pectina com as pectinases e verificar a inativação térmica da PME exógena no suco de manga. A atividade da PME nas três amostras de pectinases foi determinada por potenciometria, espectroscopia Uv-Vis, e pela ação da álcool oxidase. A reação mostrou uma maior atividade em H de 4,0 a 4,5 e a temperatura de 45º C. A atividade da PME, determinada por UV-Vis com o indicador azul de bromofenol apresentou uma boa correlação com a atividade determinada por potenciometria e com a álcool oxidase. Os resultados mostraram que o indicador azul de bromofenol pode ser utilizado para determinar a atividade da PME em

  2. Angioma cavernoso do meato acústico interno envolvendo o complexo VII e VIII nervos cranianos: relato de caso Cavernous hemangioma of the internal auditory canal encasing the VII and VIII cranial nerve complex: case report

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    Roberto Leal Silveira

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Relata-se o caso de homem de 21 anos, leucoderma, portador de angioma cavernoso do meato acústico interno direito envolvendo o complexo VII e VIII nervos cranianos tratado cirurgicamente. Apenas 18 casos de angiomas cavernosos dessa localização foram relatados na literatura. São comentados os aspectos clínicos, o diagnóstico diferencial e o tratamento.We report the surgically treated case of a 21-year-old caucasian male harboring a cavernous hemangioma of the right internal auditory canal encasing the seventh and eighth cranial nerves complex. Only 18 cases of cavernous hemangiomas of this location have been previously reported. The clinical features, the differential diagnosis and the treatment are discussed.

  3. Comparação entre hipoclorito de sódio e ácido peracético na inativação de E. coli, colifagos e C. perfringens em água com elevada concentração de matéria orgânica Comparison between sodium hipoclorite and peracetic acid for E. coli, coliphages and C. perfringens inactivation of high organic matter concentration water

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    Jeanette Beber de Souza

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado estudo comparativo em condições experimentais similares, entre hipoclorito de sódio e ácido peracético na desinfecção de água com elevada concentração de matéria orgânica. O conteúdo de carbono orgânico dissolvido (COD variou de 4,652 a 30,13 mgC/L para a água de estudo bruta e após a desinfecção esses valores variaram de 5,105 a 26,16 mgC/L para os ensaios com cloro e de 15,89 a 32,78 mgC/L para os ensaios com ácido peracético. O desempenho dos dois desinfetantes foi avaliado segundo a inativação de três microrganismos indicadores, Escherichia coli ATCC 11229, colifagos e Clostridium perfringens ATCC 13124 que eram previamente cultivados e inoculados à água no momento do experimento. As concentrações aplicadas de cloro e ácido peracético foram de 2,0; 3,0; 4,0 e 5,0 mg/L e os tempos de contato de 5, 10, 15 e 20 minutos. Para 3,0 mg/L de cloro aplicado, obteve-se 3 log de inativação de E. coli em 20 minutos de contato, 2,92 log de inativação de fagos em 10 minutos e 2 log de inativação de C. perfringens em 15 minutos. Os resultados dos ensaios de desinfecção com ácido peracético indicaram efetiva inativação dos microrganismos indicadores empregados, mesmo na presença de elevada concentração de matéria orgânica. Para 5,0 mg/L de ácido peracético aplicado e 15 minutos de contato, inativações de E. coli maiores que 6 log, de fagos maiores que 5 log em 20 minutos e de C. perfringens maiores que 4 log em 10 minutos de contato foram alcançadas.The research comparing the action of sodium hypochlorite and peracetic acid to disinfect drinking water with high concentration organic matter was carried out in similar conditions. The dissolved organic carbon (DOC concentration was from 4.652 to 30.13 mg/L in raw water, from 5.105 to 26.16 mg/L in water disinfected with chlorine and from 15.89 to 32.72 mg/L in water disinfected with peracetic acid. The efficiency of the two disinfectants was

  4. ESTUDOS ENVOLVENDO LINGUAGEM E EDUCAÇÃO QUÍMICA NO PERÍODO DE 2000 A 2008 - ALGUMAS CONSIDERAÇÕES

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    Cristhiane Cunha Flor

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The incorporation of the works of Lev S. Vigotsky to the researches in education on Sciences generated articulations between language and Scientific Education in that which concerns the utilization and role of analogies in that context, and the utilization of talking, reading and writing in the context of the education of sciences, for example. With that setting, we have the proposal of showing a revision in the literature of the area of Scientific Education, doing a clipping of works that involve Brazilian studies, language and Chemical Education in classroom. Between the results, we find three main approachs: roles and operation of analogies in the education of Chemistry, analysis of discursives interactions in classroom and written and reading of scientific articles and scientific disclosure in the higher education.

  5. Um estudo de caso envolvendo Business Intelligence como instrumento de apoio à controladoria A case study of Business Intelligence as instrument to support controllership

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    Luciane Reginato

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa buscou investigar a contribuição das ferramentas da tecnologia da informação, especificamente as de Business Intelligence (BI, para a área de controladoria exercer sua função de suprir o processo decisório com as informações úteis por ele requeridas. O estudo foi conduzido através de pesquisa de campo, especialmente de um estudo de caso, em que o assunto pôde ser analisado em detalhes. Para tanto, foram aplicadas entrevistas, orientadas por um roteiro construído para esse fim e por um protocolo previamente elaborado para o estudo, bem como foram analisados documentos internos, registros em arquivos e observação direta como fonte de evidências. O período de abrangência da análise dos dados foi de agosto de 2003 a dezembro de 2005, tendo sido possível observar a situação da empresa objeto do estudo antes e depois da implementação das ferramentas de BI. Após a análise das entrevistas, dos indicadores das áreas e de seu impacto no resultado global da empresa, concluiu-se que as referidas ferramentas podem auxiliar a controladoria na função de prover informações confiáveis, úteis e tempestivas ao processo decisório, por meio de sua flexibilização e dinamicidade, proporcionando, como conseqüência, a melhoria dos resultados das áreas organizacionais, bem como da empresa como um todo.This research examined the contribution of tools provided by Information Technology and specifically Business Intelligence (BI, for the controllership area to perform its function of supporting the decision-making process with useful information. The study was carried out through a field research, specifically a case study, in which the subject could be analyzed in detail. Therefore, interviews were held, guided by a structured script and by a previously elaborated form. Internal documents, files and direct observations were also analyzed as sources of evidence. The period covered by data analysis was from August 2003

  6. Inativação bacteriana e sensorialidade em bebidas formuladas a partir de extrato reconstituído de Ocimum gratissimum L. (Alfavaca - Labiatae - (Lamiaceae Bacterial inactivation and sensory analysis in drink formulations prepared with Ocimum gratissimum L. ("African basil" - Labiatae - (Lamiaceae reconstituted extract

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    Marcelo Gonzalez Passos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir da formulação de quatro bebidas, duas alcoólicas e duas não alcoólicas, com e sem açúcar, respectivamente, e do extrato reconstituído (alcoolatura/planta verde de Ocimum gratisimum L. ("alfavacão", "alfavaca", "alfavaca-cravo" - Labiatae - (Lamiaceae em diferentes concentrações (5, 15 e 30%, foi determinada, através de testes de suspensão em sistema de tubos múltiplos, a intensidade de atividade de inativação bacteriana (IINAB/bactericidia, sobre Salmonella Enteritidis (ATCC 11076, bem como a aceitabilidade/preferência sensorial por escala hedônica destes quatro produtos. Todas as formulações apresentaram atividade bactericida para Salmonella Enteritidis, diretamente proporcional às concentrações do extrato e ao tempo de exposição da bactéria às bebidas, destacando-se, neste sentido, a formulação não alcoólica com açúcar. Na análise sensorial, a preferência aumentou com o decréscimo da concentração de extrato de Ocimum gratissimum na formulação. A bebida não alcoólica com açúcar, na concentração de 5% de extrato, destacou-se na preferência/aceitabilidade.The activity intensity of bacterial inactivation (IINAB/bactericidie on Salmonella Enteritidis (ATCC 11076 was determined in four drink formulations, two alcoholic and two no-alcoholic, with and without sugar, respectively, and in the reconstituted extract (alcoholature/green plant of Ocimum gratissimum L. (African basil - Labiatae - (Lamiaceae at different concentrations (5, 15, and 30% through suspension tests in multiple tube system. The acceptability/sensory preference of these four products was also determined using a hedonic scale. The bactericidal activity of all formulations against Salmonella Enteritidis was found to be directly proportional to the extract concentrations and the exposure time of the bacterium in the beverages, especially the non-alcoholic formulation with sugar. In the sensorial analysis, the preference increased

  7. Comparative analysis of two fixating and two decalcifying solutions for processing of human primary teeth with inactive dentin carious lesion = Análise comparativa de duas soluções fixadoras e descalcificadoras para o processamento de dentes decíduos humanos com lesão cariosa inativa em dentina

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    Mattuella, Letícia Grando

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar qualitativamente a preservação das características teciduais pulpares de dentes decíduos ântero-superiores humanos com lesão cariosa de natureza inativa em dentina, comparando-se duas soluções fixadoras (paraformaldeído a 4% e formalina a 10%, ambos com tampão fosfato 0,1 M e descalcificadoras [ácido fórmico/citrato de sódio – solução de Ana Morse e EDTA (ácido etileno diamino tetracético a 10%]. Oito dentes foram subdivididos em 4 grupos (n = 2, variando-se o agente fixador e descalcificador. Grupo 1: paraformaldeído a 4% e solução de Ana Morse; Grupo 2: formalina a 10% e solução de Ana Morse; Grupo 3: paraformaldeído a 4% e EDTA a 10%; Grupo 4: formalina a 10% e EDTA a 10%. Os dentes foram fixados e posteriormente descalcificados até que uma consistência borrachóide fosse obtida. Cortes histológicos de 6µm de espessura foram corados com hematoxilina e eosina (H&E. A fixação com ambas as soluções demonstrou boa conservação tecidual, enquanto que a descalcificação com a solução de Ana Morse pareceu mais adequada, por requerer um menor tempo de processamento das amostras e promover uma melhor preservação dos componentes celulares e da matriz extracelular do tecido pulpar. O EDTA, além de exigir um tempo mais longo de processamento das peças, alterou as características morfológicas da polpa. A combinação formol a 10% – solução de Ana Morse pareceu ser favorável para a metodologia deste estudo

  8. Da educação: do jogo sociocultural e a inter-relação envolvendo modus vivendi e modus essendi = Education: of the sociocultural game and the inter-relationship involving modus vivendi and modus essendi.

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    Luiz Carlos Mariano da Rosa

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo em questão se detém na análise da educação por meio da mensagem do filme Coach Carter - Treino para a Vida (2005, que acena com o paradoxo da democratização do ensino e converge para as fronteiras que assinalam a função da escola e o papel do educador, sublinhando o jogo sociocultural e a inter-relação envolvendo modus vivendi e modus essendi que perfazem o referido processo.The article in question focuses on the analysis of education through the message of the movie Coach Carter - Training for Life (2005, which features the paradox of the democratization of education and converges to the boundaries that mark the function of the school and the role of the educator, stressing the sociocultural game and the inter-relationship involving modus vivendi and modus essendi that make up that process.

  9. Problemas multiplicativos envolvendo combinatória: estratégias de resolução empregadas por alunos do Ensino Fundamental público Multiplicative problems including combinatorics: solving strategies adopted by Public Elementary School students

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    Leny R. M. Teixeira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho apresentamos os dados de uma pesquisa que teve por objetivo verificar o desempenho de alunos do 6.° ao 9.° anos do Ensino Fundamental na resolução de oito problemas multiplicativos, envolvendo raciocínio combinatório. Os problemas diferiam em relação à quantidade de variáveis e à quantidade de algarismos utilizados nos fatores. Para tanto, por meio de uma entrevista clínica levantamos as principais estratégias e erros produzidos por 40 alunos de duas escolas públicas (A e B da cidade de Campo Grande-MS, as quais fizeram parte de uma pesquisa mais ampla realizada anteriormente. Os dados revelam que o desempenho foi melhor nos problemas com duas variáveis e com fatores de valores baixos, não havendo diferença de desempenho entre alunos do 6.° e do 9.° anos. De modo geral, as dificuldades que emergiram estavam relacionadas: 1 aos modelos intuitivos que os alunos têm a respeito da multiplicação (em especial o da soma repetida; 2 a estrutura semântica do problema; 3 as preferências numéricas quanto ao tamanho dos números, formas de representar o problema e interpretação do enunciado verbal. Por ser a multiplicação uma operação bastante complexa envolvendo, em sua resolução, processos cognitivos abstratos, acreditamos que o professor precisa conhecê-los para favorecer a aprendizagem dos alunos.This work presents data from a study which aimed at verifying the performance of Elementary School 6th and 9th graders when solving eight multiplicative problems involving combinatorial thinking. The problems were different concerning the amount of variables and the amount of numerical digits used in factors. Therefore, through a clinical interview, we listed the main strategies and mistakes produced by 40 graders from two public schools (A and B in the municipality of Campo Grande (Mato Grosso do Sul - MS - State which were part of a larger research developed before. The observations reveal that the performance

  10. Argumentações discentes e docente envolvendo aspectos ambientais em sala de aula: uma análise Students' and teacher's discourse features concerning environmental aspects in the classroom: an analysis

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    Alice Assis

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho trata da interação entre professor e alunos mediante a utilização do texto paradidático intitulado "Nosso Universo" em aulas de Física, em uma sala de Educação de Jovens e Adultos. Neste artigo é analisado um episódio que articula Ciência, Tecnologia e Sociedade aos aspectos ambientais. Esse episódio aborda o problema do efeito estufa, do buraco na camada de ozônio e da escassez da água. Para a análise, foram elaboradas categorias referentes às argumentações discentes e docente. Os resultados envolvendo o tripé professor/aluno/texto apontam que tais interações propiciaram a motivação e a formação do aluno enquanto indivíduo crítico e reflexivo, em condições de argumentar e atuar criticamente em seu meio social.This paper analyses the interaction of teacher and students through the text "Nosso Universo" (Our Universe which used in Physics classes for young and adult people. The approach combines science, technology and society and environmental aspects, such as global warming, ozone hole and water shortage. For this analysis, teacher and students arguments were separated into categories. Results concerning the tripartite relationship of teacher/student/text indicate the interaction produced the student motivation and their development as critical and reflective people able to act in their social environment.

  11. Perfil dos atendimentos de emergência por acidentes envolvendo crianças menores de dez anos: Brasil, 2006 a 2007 Profile of unintentional injuries involving children under ten years of age in emergency departments: Brazil, 2006 to 2007

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    Deborah Carvalho Malta

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available As causas externas destacam-se no perfil da morbimortalidade de jovens e crianças no Brasil, configurando importante problema de saúde pública e requerendo o aprofundamento de estudos sobre suas características e magnitude. O trabalho descreve o perfil dos atendimentos de emergência por acidentes envolvendo crianças (External causes occupy a high position in the morbidity and mortality profile of youth and children in Brazil, configuring an important public health problem and demanding the deepening of the studies on its characteristics and magnitude. This article describes the profile of emergency care for accidents suffered by children (< 10 years of age seen at emergency public in some services in Brazil in 2006 and 2007. The data were obtained from survey surveillance component of the Sentinel Service Surveillance System for Violence and Accidents (VIVA, of the Ministry of Health. Children represented about 20% of emergency visits by accidents, with male sex predominance and pre scholars' (2-5 years of age. The greater proportion of accidents (60% occurred in the household, followed by public ways, school, leisure and sport practice places. Falls and burns had greater participation in the younger age group (< 1, while transport accidents and other types of accidents presented greater frequency among children age 2 to 5. It is necessary to develop education programs since pre school and along the community, aiming of warning about risks and the need of adopt safe behavior in relation to the household environment and the development phase of the child.

  12. Caracterização dos acidentes de trânsito envolvendo crianças e adolescentes internados em um hospital público terciário - doi:10.5020/18061230.2009.p100

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    Márcia Maria Pinheiro Dantas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Investigar os fatores relacionados a acidentes de trânsito envolvendo crianças e adolescentes internados em um hospital público terciário da cidade de Fortaleza e o grau de conhecimento de seus pais ou responsáveis sobre os direitos dos acidentados. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo de natureza descritiva, observacional e com abordagem quantitativa, cuja amostra constituiu-se de 45 pacientes internados. As variáveis estudadas foram às relacionadas ao acidentado (idade, sexo, grau de escolaridade e renda familiar; quanto ao tipo e as lesões decorrente do acidente e o grau de conhecimento sobre os direitos do acidentado. Resultados: Predominou o sexo masculino [33 (73,3%]. A faixa etária foi de 1 a 17 anos, distribuída de forma semelhante, com 30 (66,6% vítimas no ensino fundamental incompleto, renda familiar predominante de 1,6 salários mínimos e 25 (55,6% procedendo do interior. Quanto ao tipo de acidente, o atropelamento preponderou, contabilizando 29(64,4% vítimas, sendo atribuída a culpa a terceiros em 17 (37,8% casos. O diagnóstico de traumatismo cranioencefálico e/ou traumatismo de membros foi o mais encontrado [20 (40%]. Em relação aos responsáveis, 38 (84% desconheciam a existência do seguro de Danos Pessoais Causados por Veículos Automotores de Vias Terrestres, ao qual têm direito; e 31 (71% indivíduos não tinham conhecimento anterior sobre campanhas de prevenção de acidentes de trânsito. Conclusão: Na amostra estudada, os acidentes ocorreram principalmente por atropelamento, com traumatismo cranioencefálico, e as vitimas e seus familiares desconhecem parte dos direitos dos acidentados.

  13. Ética em pesquisa envolvendo seres humanos: reflexões a partir das experiências da UNIOESTE – ciência e educação/Ethics in research involving human: reflections from the experiences of UNIOESTE – science and education

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    Dartel Ferrari de Lima,

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available No cenário mundial, a ética em pesquisa envolvendo seres humanos passou a despertou maior atenção principalmente após as atrocidades ocorridas ao longo da Segunda Guerra Mundial. As transformações rápidas e profundas do mundo contemporâneo solicitam maior atenção da sociedade quanto aos princípios éticos que dão rumo sustentável à sociedade e à natureza. O avanço na investigação científica proporciona muito progresso a favor da humanidade, mas, por outro lado, há também muitos desfavorecimentos. Este artigo objetiva, a partir da vivência dos autores como membros efetivos do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa Envolvendo Seres Humanos da Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (CEP-UNIOESTE, discutir alguns aspectos éticos no contexto histórico da humanidade, comportar motivos decorrentes das preocupações no que diz respeito aos cuidados éticos em pesquisa envolvendo seres humanos e abordar avanços e retrocessos na atuação do CEP-UNIOESTE diante do controle ético de propostas de investigação envolvendo seres humanos oriundos das regiões Oeste e Sudoeste do Estado do Paraná. Encerra-se a discussão com ponderações sobre a ação educacional no processo de formação do pesquisador para a investigação envolvendo seres humanos a partir de adequações da normatização dos pressupostos éticos envolvendo o investigador e a sociedade. In the world, the ethics in research involving human beings aroused much attention especially after the atrocities that occurred during the Second World War. The fast and deep transformations of the contemporary world request more calls attention of society on the ethical principles that give sustainable direction to society and to nature. The progress in scientific research provides much progress for the mankind, but on the other hand, there are also much disadvantages. This article aims, from the authors experience as effective members of the Committee of Ethics in Research

  14. Performance of natural and modified smectite: kinetic and thermodynamics involving arsenic (V adsorption Desempenho de esmectita natural e modificada: cinética e termodinâmica envolvendo adsorção de arsênio (V

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    D. L Guerra

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A natural smectite sample has been modified by organofunctionalization process using synthetic route involved the reaction of 2-mercaptopyrimidine with 3-chloropropyltriethoxysilane. The resulting material (S MPY was characterized by SEM, FTIR, textural analysis and 29Si MAS-NMR. The ability of this material to removed As (V from aqueous solution was followed by series of adsorption isotherms adjusted to the Langmuir equation at room temperature and pH 2.0. The kinetic parameters analyzed by Lagergren and Elovich models gave a good fit for a pseudo-second order reaction with k2 in the 4.9 to 14.0 mmol-1 min-1 range for S MPY. The adsorption process was exothermic (ΔintH = -4.09 to -5.79 kJ.mol-1 accompanied by increase in entropy (ΔintS = 41.29 to 61.80 JK-1.mol-1 and Gibbs energy (ΔintG = -22.34 to -24.19 kJmol-1. The energetic effect caused by arsenic cation adsorption was determined through calorimetric titration at the solid-liquid interface and gave a net thermal effect that enabled the calculation of the exothermic values and the equilibrium constant.Uma amostra de esmectita natural foi modificada por processo de organofuncionalização usando rota sintética, envolvendo a reação de 2-mercaptopirimidina com 3-cloropropiltrietoxisilano. O material resultante (S MPY foi caracterizado por microscopia eletrônica de varredura, espectroscopia de infravermelho com transformada de Fourier, análise textural e 29Si MAS-NMR. A habilidade deste material para remover As (V a partir de solução aquosa foi investigada por series de isotermas ajustadas pela equação de Langmuir em temperatura ambiente e pH 2,0. Os parâmetros cinéticos foram analisados por modelos de Lagergren e Elovich, em que um bom ajuste foi obtido para o modelo de reação de pseudo-segunda ordem com k2 em 4,9 para 14,0 mmol-1 min-1 para S MPY. O processo de adsorção foi exotérmico (ΔintH = -4,09 to -5,79 kJmol-1 acompanhado por aumento de entropia (ΔintS = 41,29 to 61

  15. Dilemas e dificuldades envolvendo decisões de final de vida e oferta de cuidados paliativos em pediatria Dilemmas and difficulties involving end-of-life decisions and palliative care in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Pedro Piva

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é discutir os principais dilemas e dificuldades nas decisões de final de vida de crianças com doença irreversível em fase terminal, assim como, propor uma sequência racional para a instituição de cuidados paliativos nesse grupo pediátrico. Foi realizada busca na base de dados Medline e Lilacs dos artigos publicados nos últimos anos tendo como palavras chaves "final de vida", "cuidados paliativos", "morte" e "doença terminal". Foram selecionados os mais relevantes e aqueles envolvendo crianças, os quais foram analisados em conjunto com publicações prévias dos próprios autores sobre o assunto. O atual código de ética médica brasileiro (2010 é analisado em relação às práticas de final de vida e cuidados paliativos ofertados a pacientes com doença fase terminal e irreversível. A falta de conhecimento e treinamento aliado a receios legais são os principais motivos para que as decisões de final de vida em crianças com doença em fase terminal sejam centradas na opinião médica e com escassa participação da família. O atual código de ética médica dá pleno suporte para essas decisões desde que tomadas de forma consensual com participação da família. O diálogo franco com familiares em relação ao diagnóstico, prognóstico, terapêutica e cuidados paliativos devem ser estabelecidos gradualmente, para definir a melhor estratégia que atenda às necessidades da criança em fase final de vida. O tratamento centrado no bem estar da criança com pleno envolvimento da família é a base para o sucesso do tratamento paliativo em crianças em final de vida.This review discusses the main dilemmas and difficulties related to end-of-life decision's in children with terminal and irreversible diseases and propose a rational sequence for delivering palliative care to this patients' group. The Medline and Lilacs databases were searched using the terms 'end of life', 'palliative care', 'death' and

  16. Control Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This feature class represents electric power Control Areas. Control Areas, also known as Balancing Authority Areas, are controlled by Balancing Authorities, who are...

  17. Psicologia jurídica e tomada de decisão em situações envolvendo abuso sexual infantil Forensic psychology and decision making in situations involving child sexual abuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cátula Pelisoli

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta uma revisão teórica sobre a tomada de decisão em situações de alegação de abuso sexual infantil. Profissionais de saúde mental em todo o mundo necessitam tomar decisões acerca da veracidade dessas alegações, sendo muitas julgadas erroneamente. Este artigo apresenta o abuso sexual como um problema mundial, destaca as relações entre a psicologia e a justiça e aborda estudos que demonstram as influências de variáveis como vieses cognitivos, crenças prévias e gênero sobre as decisões tomadas por profissionais que avaliam tais casos. É fundamental que os profissionais reconheçam essas variáveis para que erros sobre esses julgamentos possam ser evitados e para que se aumente a qualidade das avaliações psicológicas forenses. A necessidade de experiência e conhecimento científico é abordada como possível contribuinte para a qualificação dos psicólogos que atuam na área e é sugerida a realização de pesquisas sobre o tema no contexto brasileiro.This paper presents a theoretical review on decision making in situations of alleged child sexual abuse. Mental health professionals around the world need to make decisions about the veracity of these claims, many being wrongly judged. This article presents sexual abuse as a global problem, highlights the relationship between psychology and justice, and approaches studies that demonstrate the influences of variables such as cognitive biases, prior beliefs and gender on the decisions taken by professionals who assess these cases. It is essential that professionals recognize these variables so that errors on these trials could be avoided and the quality of forensic psychological assessments could be increased. The need for experience and scientific knowledge is discussed as a possible contributor to the qualification of psychologists working in this area and researches on this subject within the Brazilian context are suggested.

  18. Revitalization Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Revitalization areas are HUD-designated neighborhoods in need of economic and community development and where there is already a strong commitment by the local...

  19. 700 Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The 700 Area of the Hanford Site is located in downtown Richland.Called the Federal Office Building, the Richland Operations Site Manager and the Richland Operations...

  20. Inativação fotodinâmica de microrganismos Photodynamic inactivation of microorganisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janice Rodrigues Perussi

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Photodynamic Therapy uses photosensitive dyes and visible light that, combined in the presence of oxygen, produce cytotoxic species that cause tumor death. Microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, yeasts and viruses (including HIV can also be inactivated by visible light after treatment with an appropriate photosensitizer as an alternative low cost treatment for localized infections, viral lesions such as acnes, and fungical skin lesions for example. Besides, Photodynamic Inactivation can be used for sterilization of blood and its subproducts for clinical use, in the treatment of drinking water as well as in antimicrobial detoxification of foods.

  1. Tendências da pesquisa envolvendo o uso do toque terapêutico como uma estratégia de enfermagem Tendencias de la investigación que involucran el uso del toque terapéutico como una estrategia deenfermería Trends in research involving the use of therapeutic touch as a nursing strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Inocêncio Vasques

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O toque terapêutico (TT é uma das mais antigas terapias vibracionais ainda em uso. Dolores Krieger e Dora Kunz, na década de 1970, foram precursoras da aplicação do método na enfermagem. Desde então, as pesquisas envolvendo o uso do toque terapêutico têm sido desenvolvidas com o intuito de demonstrar a efetividade da intervenção na redução de sinais e sintomas relacionados a diversas doenças. Muitos estudos avaliam o uso do TT de forma isolada, porém, grande parte das pesquisas compara esta estratégia com outras terapias complementares, tais como: música, imagem guiada e relaxamento. Os resultados desses estudos apontam melhora ou redução dos sinais e sintomas investigados nos pacientes submetidos ao TT. Entretanto, vieses metodológicos impossibilitam a generalização dos resultados, tornando indispensável a realização de estudos clínicos bem delineados capazes de comprovar a efetividade da intervenção, além de estudar populações que por ora não são abordadas, como os idosos e recém-nascidos.El toque terapéutico (TT es una de las más antiguas terapias vibracionales aun en uso. Dolores Krieger e Dora Kunz, en la década de 1970, fueron precursoras de la aplicación del método en la enfermería. Desde entonces, las investigaciones que involucran el uso del toque terapéutico ha sido desarrollada con la intención de demostrar la efectividad de la intervención en la reducción de signos y síntomas relacionados a diversas enfermedades. Muchos estudios evalúan el uso del TT de forma aislada, sin embargo, gran parte de las investigaciones compara esta estrategia con otras terapias complementarias, tales como: música, imagen guiada y relajación. Los resultados de esos estudios aseguran la mejora o reducción de signos y síntomas investigados en los pacientes sometidos al TT. Entre tanto, los sesgos metodológicos imposibilitan la generalización de los resultados, volviendo indispensable la realización de

  2. O modelo bioético principialista para a análise da moralidade da pesquisa científica envolvendo seres humanos ainda é satisfatório? Is the principlist model still satisfactory for the analysis of the morality of the scientific research involving human beings?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fermin Roland Schramm

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a aplicação do principialismo à pesquisa envolvendo seres humanos a partir da pergunta se o modelo é ainda pertinente na situação de pluralização paradigmática nas ciências e de multiplicação dos modelos de avaliação ética, vigentes nas sociedades complexas contemporâneas. Destaca o fato do desenvolvimento da moderna medicina científica ter-se dado fortemente calcado na experimentação em humanos e que, até meados do século XX, bastava a princípio a boa intenção do pesquisador para que uma pesquisa fosse justificada moralmente, mas que, com a dupla transição paradigmática em Ciência e em Ética, delineou-se uma pluralização e complexificação tanto do campo do saber-fazer científico como do campo da ética aplicada à pesquisa científica, a qual se encontrará na inconfortável situação de ter que lidar, no plano normativo, com uma contestação permanente dos paradigmas científicos e éticos. No campo da ética, outros princípios passam também a orientar as decisões, como o princípio de proteção, aplicável às situações de carência em que se encontram, sobretudo, as populações do Terceiro Mundo. O artigo defende a pertinência do principialismo devido a sua postura filosófica geral e método, mas destaca suas insuficiências quando aplicado à saúde pública e à pesquisa nos países dependentes.This paper discusses the application of principlism to research involving human subjects, starting from the question of its pertinence in the current situation of the paradigmatic pluralization on science and the multiplication of models of ethical evaluation in the complex societies. Highlights that the development of modern scientific medicine depended strongly on human experimentation and that up to the mid 20ieth century the good intention of the researcher was, theoretically, enough to justify a research morally, but that with the twofold paradigmatic transition in Science and in

  3. Indicadores psicossociais relacionados a acidentes de trânsito envolvendo motoristas de ônibus Indicadores psicosociales relacionados a accidentes de tráfico envolviendo conductores de ómnibus Psychological and social indicators associated to traffic accidents involving bus drivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Carla Ferreira de Oliveira

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi identificar condições relacionadas a acidentes de trânsito envolvendo motoristas do transporte coletivo. Participaram 457 motoristas, todos do sexo masculino e empregados de companhias de ônibus de Natal, RN. O questionário empregado continha questões sobre atuação profissional, tais como: situações potencialmente preocupantes, efeitos das políticas das organizações empregadoras e características sociodemográficas, além do Inventário Zimbardo de Perspectiva Temporal e da Escala de Sonolência Epworth. As variáveis mais bem associadas ao envolvimento em acidentes foram: horas extras, trabalho em férias, emissão de atestados médicos, reclamações de passageiros, sonolência diurna excessiva e preocupação com: sono, dirigir atrasado e problemas familiares. A perspectiva temporal de presente não mostrou relação com envolvimento em acidentes. Conclui-se que o envolvimento de motoristas de ônibus em acidentes de trânsito pode ser evitado, ou ao menos diminuído, por meio de melhoria daquelas condições de trabalho e de políticas públicas de saúde e segurança pública.El objetivo del estudio fue el de identificar condiciones relacionadas a accidentes de tráfico envolviendo conductores del transporte colectivo. Participaron 457 conductores, todos del sexo masculino y empleados de compañías de ómnibus de Natal, RN. El listado de la encuesta utilizado poseía cuestiones sobre actuación profesional, tales como: situaciones potencialmente preocupantes, efectos de las políticas de las organizaciones contratantes y características sociodemográficas, además del Inventario Zimbardo de Perspectiva Temporal y de la Escala de Somnolencia Epworth. Las variables más bien asociadas al envolvimiento en accidentes fueron: horas extras, trabajo en período de vacaciones, emisión de certificados médicos, reclamaciones de pasajeros, somnolencia diurna excesiva y preocupación con: sueño, conducir con

  4. Acidentes de trabalho envolvendo os olhos: avaliação de riscos ocupacionais com trabalhadores de enfermagem Accidentes de trabajo involucrando los ojos: evaluación de riesgos laborales con trabajadores de enfermería Labor accidents involving the eyes: assessment of occupational risks involving nursing workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiana Brasil de Almeida

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se identificar trabalhadores de enfermagem que sofreram acidentes oculares e o tipo de acidente; descrever as providências tomadas e propor metodologias de Educação em Saúde. Estudo descritivo, exploratório, realizado em maternidade pública, de setembro de 2002 a janeiro de 2003. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de observação direta do ambiente e entrevista com os trabalhadores. Os sujeitos foram dez profissionais de enfermagem (uma enfermeira, duas técnicas e sete auxiliares que sofreram acidente de trabalho envolvendo o olho. Os acidentes agruparam-se de acordo com o tipo de material causador do trauma: com substância química (4, com medicações (3, por trauma mecânico (1, escalpe (1 e urina (1. Diante dos resultados encontrados, é interessante enfatizar que trabalhadores hospitalares estão propícios a acidentes de trabalho porque o ambiente oferece riscos biológicos, químicos e físicos. Uma importante medida para impedir a ocorrência de novos acidentes seria a prevenção dos erros humanos, mediante adoção de treinamento contínuo dos profissionais e uso de óculos de proteção.El objetivo fue identificar a los trabajadores de enfermería que sufrieron accidentes oculares y el tipo de accidente, describir las medidas tomadas y proponer metodologías de Educación en Salud. Estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, realizado en una maternidad pública, de septiembre/2002 a enero/2003. Se recopiló los datos mediante observación directa del ambiente y entrevista con los trabajadores. Diez profesionales del equipo de enfermería (una enfermera, dos técnicas y siete auxiliares sufrieron accidentes de trabajo involucrando el ojo. Se agrupó los accidentes según el tipo de material causador del trauma: sustancia química (4; remedios (3; trauma mecánico (1; escalpe (1 y orina (1. Ante los resultados encontrados, es importante enfatizar que los trabajadores de hospitales están propensos a accidentes de trabajo porque

  5. Métodos de analise dos danos da lagarta da espiga¹, em médias de gerações envolvendo IAC Maya e Zapalote Chico Method for analysis of damage of the corn earworm heliothis zea in generation means from IAC Maya and Zapalote Chico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Alberto Marques Rezende

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available O milho Zapalote Chico 2451 (ZC 2451, referido na literatura como a melhor fonte de resistência à lagarta da espiga, Heliothis zea (Boddie, 1850, e o IAC Maya XII foram observados em condições de campo, juntamente com as gerações F1, e F2 resultantes do cruzamento de ambos, bem como os respectivos retrocruzamentos da população F1, para cada um dos pais, a fim de estudar métodos de análises de dados obtidos através da escala de dano revista por WIDSTROM e, conseqüentemente, fornecer subsídios para trabalhos de estudo da herança da resistência envolvendo esse cruzamento. Para analisar os dados, dividiram-se as notas de dano em quatro classes distintas agrupadas duas a duas, zero mais 1 e > 2, e zero e > 1, e aplicou-se o método do quiquadrado (c2 para verificar qual divisão melhor se ajustava. Os resultados revelaram que o grupo das classes zero mais 1 e > 2 apresentou melhor uniformidade dos dados entre as repetições dentro de cada tratamento. A análise da variância para cada classe de dano, separadamente, apresentou valores de F altamente significativos para as classes zero e zero mais 1, enquanto para as classes > 1 e > 2, os mesmos não permitiram diferenciar os tratamentos. Entre as classes zero e zero mais 1, esta última revelou maior significância e melhor precisão dos dados. O milho ZC 2451, quando comparado com a variedade IAC Maya XII, exibiu boa resistência à lagarta da espiga nas condições de Campinas (SP, resistência essa relacionada com fatores de não preferência e/ou antibiose, devido ã maior porcentagem de espigas não danificadas do ZC 2451.The line Zapalote Chico 2451 (ZC 2451 resistant to the corn earworm, Heliothis zea, the commercial synthetic Brazilian variety IAC Maya XII, the F1 and F2 obtained with their cross, and the two back crosses between the F1 and both parents, were planted in the field in a randomized block with 10 replications. The earworm damage done to the ears was graded

  6. Situação de mendicância, trabalho precoce e prostituição infantil envolvendo crianças e adolescentes em Londrina, Estado do Paraná - 2006 = Situation of mendicancy, child labor and child prostitution against children and teenagers in Londrina, Paraná State – 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Baccarat de Godoy Martins

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Nas últimas décadas, a importância da infância e adolescência e a necessidade de proteção deste grupo têm mobilizado sociedades no sentido de notificarem aos órgãos competentes situações de risco em que figuram crianças e adolescentes. A pesquisa, de natureza descritiva, objetivou estudar as circunstâncias da mendicância, trabalho e prostituição infantil envolvendo menores de 15 anos residentes em Londrina, Estado do Paraná, notificadas aos Conselhos Tutelares, em 2006. Os dados foram coletados nos prontuários dos Conselhos Tutelares, utilizando-se formulário com questões fechadas, eanalisados pelo programa Epi Info. Foram estudados 27 casos, 55,6% de meninas e 44,4% de meninos, com idades de 11 anos para os meninos (33,3% e oito anos para as meninas (26,7%. Os principais agressores foram a mãe (37,0% e o pai (37,0%, com idade predominante de 30 a 34 anos para os homens (58,3% e de 20 a 24 para as mulheres(40,0%. Entre os meninos, destacou-se trabalho infantil (58,3% e mendicância (41,7%. Entre as meninas, mendicância (53,3%, prostituição (33,3% e trabalho infantil (13,3%. É preciso ressaltar a necessidade de que a sociedade como um todo combata esses tipos deviolência tão desastrosos para a criança e o adolescente. Deve ser prioritária a participação de todos os segmentos sociais, instâncias executivas e legislativas a fim de formular, acompanhar e avaliar políticas voltadas para a redução do trabalho infantil, da problemática das crianças de rua e, principalmente, da exploração sexual de crianças e adolescentes. In recent decades, the importance of childhood and adolescence and the necessity of protection for these groups have moved societies towards notifying the competent authorities of risk situationsinvolving children and teenagers. This study aims to reveal the circumstances of mendicancy, child labor and prostitution involving minors under age 15, residing in Londrina, Paraná State, notified to

  7. Quiet areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Rikke Munck

    2016-01-01

    This paper argues that drone filming can substantiate our understanding of multisensorial experiences of quiet areas and urban landscapes. Contrary to the distanced gaze often associated with the drone, this paper discusses drone filming as an intimate performativity apparatus that can affect...... perception as a result of its interrelationships between motion, gaze, and sound. This paper uses four films, one of which is a drone flyover, to launch a discussion concerning a smooth and alluring gaze, a sliding gaze that penetrates landscapes, and site appearance. Films hold the capacity to project both...... and transcendence can facilitate a deeper understanding of intimate sensations, substantiating their role in the future design and planning of urban landscapes. Hence, it addresses the ethics of an intimacy perspective (of drone filming) in the qualification of quiet areas....

  8. FHFA Underserved Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Federal Housing Finance Agency's (FHFA) Underserved Areas establishes underserved area designations for census tracts in Metropolitan Areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan...

  9. Class 1 Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — A "Class 1" area is a geographic area recognized by the EPA as being of the highest environmental quality and requiring maximum protection. Class I areas are areas...

  10. Situação de mendicância, trabalho precoce e prostituição infantil envolvendo crianças e adolescentes em Londrina, Estado do Paraná - 2006 - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v31i1.5738 Situation of mendicancy, child labor and child prostitution against children and teenagers in londrina, Paraná State – 2006 - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v31i1.5738

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Nas últimas décadas, a importância da infância e adolescência e a necessidade de proteção deste grupo têm mobilizado sociedades no sentido de notificarem aos órgãos competentes situações de risco em que figuram crianças e adolescentes. A pesquisa, de natureza descritiva, objetivou estudar as circunstâncias da mendicância, trabalho e prostituição infantil envolvendo menores de 15 anos residentes em Londrina, Estado do Paraná, notificadas aos Conselhos Tutelares, em 2006. Os dados foram coletados nos prontuários dos Conselhos Tutelares, utilizando-se formulário com questões fechadas, e analisados pelo programa Epi Info. Foram estudados 27 casos, 55,6% de meninas e 44,4% de meninos, com idades de 11 anos para os meninos (33,3% e oito anos para as meninas (26,7%. Os principais agressores foram a mãe (37,0% e o pai (37,0%, com idade predominante de 30 a 34 anos para os homens (58,3% e de 20 a 24 para as mulheres (40,0%. Entre os meninos, destacou-se trabalho infantil (58,3% e mendicância (41,7%. Entre as meninas, mendicância (53,3%, prostituição (33,3% e trabalho infantil (13,3%. É preciso ressaltar a necessidade de que a sociedade como um todo combata esses tipos de violência tão desastrosos para a criança e o adolescente. Deve ser prioritária a participação de todos os segmentos sociais, instâncias executivas e legislativas a fim de formular, acompanhar e avaliar políticas voltadas para a redução do trabalho infantil, da problemática das crianças de rua e, principalmente, da exploração sexual de crianças e adolescentes.In recent decades, the importance of childhood and adolescence and the necessity of protection for these groups have moved societies towards notifying the competent authorities of risk situations involving children and teenagers. This study aims to reveal the circumstances of mendicancy, child labor and prostitution involving minors under age 15, residing in Londrina, Paraná State, notified

  11. Research Areas: Liver Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Advisors, and committees that coordinate research activities Research Areas Overview of NIDDK activities in each major research area, including research advances, research coordination, and health information ...

  12. Forested riparian areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carolyn T. Hunsaker; Jonathan W. Long

    2014-01-01

    Riparian areas are typically highly productive areas that sustain important socioecological benefits, including the capacity to modulate effects of watershed disturbances on aquatic systems. Recent studies have shown that fire behavior in riparian areas varies with landscape attributes. Smaller, headwater riparian areas often burn similarly to adjacent uplands, whereas...

  13. Efeitos de sistemas de produção de grãos envolvendo pastagens sob plantio direto nos atributos físicos de solo e na produtividade Effects of grain production systems including pastures under no-tillage on soil physical properties and yield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. T. Spera

    2004-06-01

    solo na cultura de soja na camada de 0-5 cm.Ley forming modifier soil structure, which, in turn, effects soil physical characteristics in the upper layer. The objective of this study was to evaluate soil physical attributes and grain yield in a typical dystrophic Red Latosol (Typic Haplorthox located in Passo Fundo county (RS, Brazil, after eight years of mixed production cultivation (1993 to 2000. The effects of production systems integrating grain production with winter annual and perennial pastures under no-tillage were assessed. Four mixed production systems were evaluated: system I (wheat/soybean, white oat/soybean, and common vetch/corn; system II (wheat/soybean, white oat/soybean, and grazed black oat + grazed common vetch/corn; system III [perennial cool season pastures (fescue + white clover + red clover + birdsfoot trefoil]; and system IV [perennial warm season pastures (bahiagrass + black oat + rye grass + white clover + red clover + birdsfoot trefoil]. System V (alfalfa as hay crop was established in an adjacent area in 1994. The areas under systems III, IV, and V returned to system I after the 1996 summer. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design, with four replicates. As a control, physical soil parameter were evaluated in samples of a subtropical forest fragment adjacent to the experiment. Soil bulk density values were lower in the top layer (0-5 cm than in the deeper layer (10-15 cm, while the reverse was observed for the total porosity and macroporosity. Systems I, II, III, and IV showed higher bulk density values and lower total porosity and macroporosity values in the surface layer (0-5 cm. System V and subtropical forest presented low bulk density and high total porosity and macroporosity values compared to the other treatments. It was observed no differences between physical attributes of integrated and non-integrated crop and livestock systems. No significant correlation was verified between crop yields and physical soil

  14. Sewerage Service Areas - MDC_DSWMServiceArea

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — The SWM Service Area polygon feature class was created and is mantained by the Miami-Dade Information Technology Department (ITD) with data provided by the Public...

  15. BOEM Wind Planning Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set represents the most recent changes for the Wind Development Planning Areas in the Atlantic. Wind Planning Areas in this dataset represent up to six...

  16. Vermont Designated Natural Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Under Natural Areas Law (10 Vermont Statutes Annotated, Chapter 83 � 2607) the FPR commissioner, with the approval of the governor, may designate and set aside areas...

  17. VT ZIP Code Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) A ZIP Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA) is a statistical geographic entity that approximates the delivery area for a U.S. Postal Service five-digit...

  18. Sunk Lake Natural Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Sunk Lake Natural Area Management Plan guides the long-range development of the Natural Area by identifying and integrating appropriate habitats, management...

  19. Hydrologic Areas of Concern

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of New Hampshire — A Hydrologic Area of Concern (HAC) is a land area surrounding a water source, which is intended to include the portion of the watershed in which land uses are likely...

  20. Infrastructure Area Simplification Plan

    CERN Document Server

    Field, L.

    2011-01-01

    The infrastructure area simplification plan was presented at the 3rd EMI All Hands Meeting in Padova. This plan only affects the information and accounting systems as the other areas are new in EMI and hence do not require simplification.

  1. Selected areas in cryptography

    CERN Document Server

    Oorschot, Paul

    1997-01-01

    Selected Areas in Cryptography brings together in one place important contributions and up-to-date research results in this fast moving area. Selected Areas in Cryptography serves as an excellent reference, providing insight into some of the most challenging research issues in the field.

  2. EXERCÍCIOS ENVOLVENDO A MAGNITUDE LIMITE NO ENSINO DE ASTRONOMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lev Vertchenko

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho são apresentados alguns exercícios e atividades, elaborados para disciplinas de Astronomia Básica e inspirados na propos ta de exploração multicontextual de Ausubel, relacionando o conceito de magnitude limite ao poder de captação de luz de um instrumento ótico. Os resultados desses exercícios são comparados a contagens de estrelas, obtidas seja pela observação, a olho nu ou com instrumentos óticos, seja pelo uso de software do tipo carta celeste. O processo inclui a familiariza ção do estudante com o céu, com binóculos e telescópios e com vários softwares. São discutidas a relação dessas contagens com a distribuição espa cial das estrelas, e sua aplicabilidade a situações de ensino/aprendizagem.

  3. Fatores associados a acidentes de trabalho envolvendo trabalhadores informais do comércio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Andrade Rios

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O estudo objetivou estimar a incidência de acidentes de trabalho não fatais sobre trabalhadores informais do comércio e analisar os fatores associados a esses eventos quanto aos aspectos sociodemográficos, ocupacionais, condições laborais e de saúde. Realizou-se estudo transversal com 434 trabalhadores em área comercial do Município de Jequié, Bahia, Brasil, em 2013. A regressão logística foi utilizada para avaliar os possíveis fatores associados ao acidente. Estimou-se a incidência de acidentes de trabalho (nos últimos 12 meses em 32,3%, e a análise multivariada revelou maior chance de ocorrência de acidente entre trabalhadores do sexo masculino (OR = 1,61, jovens (OR = 4,62, comerciantes de carnes/frangos (OR = 9,55 e aqueles que apresentam alto esforço físico (OR = 1,71. Com a análise dos resultados, verifica-se a necessidade de políticas públicas voltadas para a prevenção de acidentes no setor informal comércio.

  4. SUGARLOAF ROADLESS AREA, CALIFORNIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Robert E.; Campbell, Harry W.

    1984-01-01

    On the basis of geologic, geochemical, and geophysical investigations and a survey of mines, quarries, and prospects the Sugarloaf Roadless Area, California, has little promise for the occurrence of metallic mineral or energy resources. Units of carbonate rock and graphitic schist have demonstrated resources of magnesian marble and graphite. Sand, gravel, and construction stone other than carbonate rock are present in the roadless area, but similar or better quality materials are abundant and more accessible outside the area.

  5. Fishing Access Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department maintains developed fishing access areas. These sites provide public access to waters in Vermont for shore fishing...

  6. STANSBURY ROADLESS AREAS, UTAH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorensen, Martin L.; Kness, Richard F.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral-resource survey of the Stansbury Roadless Areas, Utah was conducted and showed that there is little likelihood for the occurrence of metallic mineral resources in the areas. Limestone and dolomite underlie approximately 50 acres in the roadless areas and constitute a nonmetallic mineral resource of undetermined value. The oil and gas potential is not known and cannot be assessed without exploratory geophysical and drilling programs. There are no known geothermal resources. An extensive program of geophysical exploration and exploratory drilling would be necessary to determine the potential for oil and gas in the Stansbury Roadless Areas.

  7. Aperture area measurement facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — NIST has established an absolute aperture area measurement facility for circular and near-circular apertures use in radiometric instruments. The facility consists of...

  8. Northwest Area Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuentes, Tracy L.; van Heeswijk, Marijke; Grossman, Eric E.

    2010-01-01

    Northwest Area Facts * Population about 12 million * 43 federally recognized Tribes * Hydropower provides about two-thirds of electricity supply * 78 federally listed threatened and endangered species * 12 active or potentially active volcanoes * Columbia River system drains more than 260,000 square miles, an area about the size of Texas * More than 175 square miles covered by glaciers * More than 900 miles of Pacific Ocean coastline * More than 2,300 miles of greater Puget Sound coastline * Some forests store more carbon per unit area than any other area in the world, including the tropics * 51 percent federal lands * Significant lead, zinc, silver, and phosphate deposits

  9. CVP Service Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Federal Water Contract Service Area boundaries are incorporated boundaries of districts having contracts with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), within...

  10. Operational Area Environmental Evaluations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bailey-White, Brenda Eileen [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Nagy, Michael David [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wagner, Katrina Marie [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Goodman, Thomas Richard [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Herring, Allen [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Catechis, Christopher S. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kinghorn, Aubrianna Nicole [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Johnson, Ellie [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Barthel, Michael David [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Casaus, Benito [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-08-01

    The Operational Area Environmental Evaluation update provides a description of activities that have the potential to adversely affect natural and cultural resources, including soil, air, water, biological, ecological, and historical resources. The environmental sensitivity of an area is evaluated and summarized, which may facilitate informed management decisions as to where development may be prohibited, restricted, or subject to additional requirements.

  11. Available area isotherm

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosma, JC; Wesselingh, JA

    A new isotherm is presented for adsorption of proteins, the available area isotherm. This isotherm has a steric basis, unlike the (steric) mass action model. The shape of the available area isotherm is determined only by geometric exclusion. With the new isotherm, experimental results can be fitted

  12. Broca's area - thalamic connectivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohsali, Anastasia A; Triplett, William; Sudhyadhom, Atchar; Gullett, Joseph M; McGregor, Keith; FitzGerald, David B; Mareci, Thomas; White, Keith; Crosson, Bruce

    2015-02-01

    Broca's area is crucially involved in language processing. The sub-regions of Broca's area (pars triangularis, pars opercularis) presumably are connected via corticocortical pathways. However, growing evidence suggests that the thalamus may also be involved in language and share some of the linguistic functions supported by Broca's area. Functional connectivity is thought to be achieved via corticothalamic/thalamocortical white matter pathways. Our study investigates structural connectivity between Broca's area and the thalamus, specifically ventral anterior nucleus and pulvinar. We demonstrate that Broca's area shares direct connections with these thalamic nuclei and suggest a local Broca's area-thalamus network potentially involved in linguistic processing. Thalamic connectivity with Broca's area may serve to selectively recruit cortical regions storing multimodal features of lexical items and to bind them together during lexical-semantic processing. In addition, Broca's area-thalamic circuitry may enable cortico-thalamo-cortical information transfer and modulation between BA 44 and 45 during language comprehension and production. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  13. Estimativa da área foliar de plantas daninhas: Solanum americanum Mill Leaf area determination of weeds: Solanum americanum Mill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo R. Tofoli

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available A maria pretinha (Solanum americanum Mill é uma planta daninha infestante de diversas culturas e além da competição pode causar outros problemas. Nos estudos envolvendo a biologia e o controle de plantas daninhas, a área foliar é uma das mais importantes características a serem avaliadas, mas tem sido pouco estudada porque sua determinação exige equipamentos sofisticados ou utiliza técnicas destrutivas. Visando obter equações que permitissem a estimativa da área foliar desta planta daninha utilizando características lineares do limbo foliar, facilmente mensuráveis em plantas no campo, foram estudadas correlações entre a área foliar real e as seguintes características das folhas: comprimento ao longo da nervura principal (C, largura máxima do limbo (L e o produto (C x L. Para tanto, foram mensuradas 200 folhas coletadas de plantas sujeitas às mais diversas condições ecológicas em que a espécie sobrevive, considerando-se todas as folhas das plantas desde que não apresentassem deformações oriundas de fatores, tais como, pragas, moléstias e granizo. Todas as equações, lineares simples, geométricas e exponenciais, permitiram boa estimativa da área foliar (Af da maria pretinha. Do ponto de vista prático, sugere-se optar pela equação linear simples envolvendo o produto (C x L, a qual apresentou o menor QM Resíduo. Assim, a estimativa da área foliar de S. americanum pode ser efetuada pela equação AF = 0,5632 x (C x L, com coeficiente de determinação (R2 de valor igual a 0,9516.Solanum americanum is a very aggressive weed that, besides competition, can cause many other problems. Despite being one of the most important parameters to be analyzed, only few studies have been carried out concerning the leaf area mainly because its determination demands sophisticated equipment or destructive techniques. Aiming to develop equations that allow to estimate the leaf area of this weed using linear measure of the leaf

  14. OLALLIE ROADLESS AREA, OREGON.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, George W.; Neumann, Terry R.

    1984-01-01

    The Olallie Roadless Area, Oregon, is devoid of mines and mineral prospects, and a mineral-resource evaluation of the area did not identify any mineral-resource potential. There is no evidence that fossil fuels are present in the roadless area. Nearby areas in Clackamas, Marion, Jefferson, and Wasco Counties are characterized by higher-than-normal heat flow and by numerous thermal springs, some of which have been partly developed. this may indicate that the region has some, as yet undefined, potential for the development of geothermal energy. Lack of thermal springs or other evidence of localized geothermal anomalies within the roadless area may be the result of masking by young, nonconductive rock units and by the flooding out and dilution of rising thermal waters by cool meteoric water.

  15. SO2 Nonattainment Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data layer identifies areas in the U.S. where air pollution levels have not met the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Sulfur dioxide and have...

  16. PM 10 Nonattainment Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data layer identifies areas in the U.S. where air pollution levels have not met the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for PM 10 and have been...

  17. Ice Engineering Research Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Refrigerated Physical Modeling of Waterways in a Controlled EnvironmentThe Research Area in the Ice Engineering Facility at the Cold Regions Research and Engineering...

  18. Pilot Boarding Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Pilot boarding areas are locations at sea where pilots familiar with local waters board incoming vessels to navigate their passage to a destination port. Pilotage is...

  19. Carbon Monoxide Nonattainment Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data layer identifies areas in the U.S. where air pollution levels have not met the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Carbon Monoxide and have...

  20. Driftless Area NWR ROCSTAR

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Resources of Concern Selection Tool for Americas Refuges (ROCSTAR) was developed to assist national wildlife refuges, waterfowl production areas, wetland...

  1. Decontamination & decommissioning focus area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    In January 1994, the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE EM) formally introduced its new approach to managing DOE`s environmental research and technology development activities. The goal of the new approach is to conduct research and development in critical areas of interest to DOE, utilizing the best talent in the Department and in the national science community. To facilitate this solutions-oriented approach, the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50, formerly the Office of Technology Development) formed five Focus AReas to stimulate the required basic research, development, and demonstration efforts to seek new, innovative cleanup methods. In February 1995, EM-50 selected the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to lead implementation of one of these Focus Areas: the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) Focus Area.

  2. 300 Area Disturbance Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LL Hale; MK Wright; NA Cadoret

    1999-01-07

    The objective of this study was to define areas of previous disturbance in the 300 Area of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site to eliminate these areas from the cultural resource review process, reduce cultural resource monitoring costs, and allow cultural resource specialists to focus on areas where subsurface disturbance is minimal or nonexistent. Research into available sources suggests that impacts from excavations have been significant wherever the following construction activities have occurred: building basements and pits, waste ponds, burial grounds, trenches, installation of subsurface pipelines, power poles, water hydrants, and well construction. Beyond the areas just mentioned, substrates in the' 300 Area consist of a complex, multidimen- sional mosaic composed of undisturbed stratigraphy, backfill, and disturbed sediments; Four Geographic Information System (GIS) maps were created to display known areas of disturbance in the 300 Area. These maps contain information gleaned from a variety of sources, but the primary sources include the Hanford GIS database system, engineer drawings, and historic maps. In addition to these maps, several assumptions can be made about areas of disturbance in the 300 Area as a result of this study: o o Buried pipelines are not always located where they are mapped. As a result, cultural resource monitors or specialists should not depend on maps depicting subsurface pipelines for accurate locations of previous disturbance. Temporary roads built in the early 1940s were placed on layers of sand and gravel 8 to 12 in. thick. Given this information, it is likely that substrates beneath these early roads are only minimally disturbed. Building foundations ranged from concrete slabs no more than 6 to 8 in. thick to deeply excavated pits and basements. Buildings constructed with slab foundations are more numerous than may be expected, and minimally disturbed substrates may be expected in these locations. Historic

  3. 5 CFR 591.205 - Which areas are nonforeign areas?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Which areas are nonforeign areas? 591.205... ALLOWANCES AND DIFFERENTIALS Cost-of-Living Allowance and Post Differential-Nonforeign Areas Cost-Of-Living Allowances and Post Differentials § 591.205 Which areas are nonforeign areas? (a) The nonforeign areas are...

  4. 5 CFR 591.207 - Which areas are COLA areas?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Which areas are COLA areas? 591.207... ALLOWANCES AND DIFFERENTIALS Cost-of-Living Allowance and Post Differential-Nonforeign Areas Cost-Of-Living Allowances § 591.207 Which areas are COLA areas? OPM has established the following COLA areas: (a) City of...

  5. Large area LED package

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goullon, L.; Jordan, R.; Braun, T.; Bauer, J.; Becker, F.; Hutter, M.; Schneider-Ramelow, M.; Lang, K.-D.

    2015-03-01

    Solid state lighting using LED-dies is a rapidly growing market. LED-dies with the needed increasing luminous flux per chip area produce a lot of heat. Therefore an appropriate thermal management is required for general lighting with LEDdies. One way to avoid overheating and shorter lifetime is the use of many small LED-dies on a large area heat sink (down to 70 μm edge length), so that heat can spread into a large area while at the same time light also appears on a larger area. The handling with such small LED-dies is very difficult because they are too small to be picked with common equipment. Therefore a new concept called collective transfer bonding using a temporary carrier chip was developed. A further benefit of this new technology is the high precision assembly as well as the plane parallel assembly of the LED-dies which is necessary for wire bonding. It has been shown that hundred functional LED-dies were transferred and soldered at the same time. After the assembly a cost effective established PCB-technology was applied to produce a large-area light source consisting of many small LED-dies and electrically connected on a PCB-substrate. The top contacts of the LED-dies were realized by laminating an adhesive copper sheet followed by LDI structuring as known from PCB-via-technology. This assembly can be completed by adding converting and light forming optical elements. In summary two technologies based on standard SMD and PCB technology have been developed for panel level LED packaging up to 610x 457 mm2 area size.

  6. SELKIRK ROADLESS AREA, IDAHO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Fred K.; Benham, John R.

    1984-01-01

    On the basis of mineral-resource surveys the Selkirk Roadless Area, Idaho has little promise for the occurrence of mineral or energy resources. Molybdenum, lead, uranium, thorium, chromium, tungsten, zirconium, and several rare-earth elements have been detected in panned concentrates from samples of stream sediment, but no minerals containing the first five elements were found in place, nor were any conditions conducive to their concentration found. Zirconium, thorium, and the rare earths occur in sparsely disseminated accessory minerals in granitic rocks and no resource potential is identified. There is no history of mining in the roadless area and there are no oil, gas, mineral, or geothermal leases or current claims.

  7. Body Area Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Prabhakara Reddy

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent technological advances in integrated circuits, wireless networks, and physiological sensing have enabled miniature, lightweight, low power, intelligent monitoring devices to be integrated into a Body Area Network (BAN. This new type of technology hold much promise for future patient health monitoring. BANs promise inexpensive, unobtrusive, and unsupervised ambulatory monitoring during normal daily activities for long periods of time. However, in order for BANs to become ubiquitous and affordable, a number of challenging issues must be resolved, such as integration, standardisation, system design, customisation, security and privacy, and social issues. This paper presents an overview of many of these issues and indeed the background and rationale of body area networks.

  8. Subsurface contaminants focus area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    The US Department of Enregy (DOE) Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is developing technologies to address environmental problems associated with hazardous and radioactive contaminants in soil and groundwater that exist throughout the DOE complex, including radionuclides, heavy metals; and dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs). More than 5,700 known DOE groundwater plumes have contaminated over 600 billion gallons of water and 200 million cubic meters of soil. Migration of these plumes threatens local and regional water sources, and in some cases has already adversely impacted off-site rsources. In addition, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is responsible for supplying technologies for the remediation of numerous landfills at DOE facilities. These landfills are estimated to contain over 3 million cubic meters of radioactive and hazardous buried Technology developed within this specialty area will provide efective methods to contain contaminant plumes and new or alternative technologies for development of in situ technologies to minimize waste disposal costs and potential worker exposure by treating plumes in place. While addressing contaminant plumes emanating from DOE landfills, the Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area is also working to develop new or alternative technologies for the in situ stabilization, and nonintrusive characterization of these disposal sites.

  9. Protected areas in mountains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamilton, L. S.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The importance of a global Protected Areas Network in sustaining appropriate mountain development is presented in this paper. Present status of the world’s “official” Protected Areas in the UN List, and the proportion that are in mountain areas, and including international designations (World Heritage and Biosphere Reserves. Current and future challenges in the management of these special areas are also commented.



    El autor destaca la importancia de una Red Mundial de Espacios Protegidos para el desarrollo sostenible de las montañas. Comenta luego el estatus actual de las Áreas Protegidas “oficiales” del Mundo en la Lista de las Naciones Unidas y qué proporción de ellas forma parte de las montañas, sin olvidar las figuras internacionales de protección como Patrimonio de la Humanidad y Reservas de Biosfera. Para terminar, se discuten los problemas de gestión actuales y futuros de estas áreas tan especiales

  10. Plutonium focus area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    To ensure research and development programs focus on the most pressing environmental restoration and waste management problems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) established a working group in August 1993 to implement a new approach to research and technology development. As part of this new approach, EM developed a management structure and principles that led to the creation of specific Focus Areas. These organizations were designed to focus the scientific and technical talent throughout DOE and the national scientific community on the major environmental restoration and waste management problems facing DOE. The Focus Area approach provides the framework for intersite cooperation and leveraging of resources on common problems. After the original establishment of five major Focus Areas within the Office of Technology Development (EM-50, now called the Office of Science and Technology), the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (EM-66) followed the structure already in place in EM-50 and chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA). The following information outlines the scope and mission of the EM, EM-60, and EM-66 organizations as related to the PFA organizational structure.

  11. Pacific plant areas. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenis, van C.G.G.J.

    1963-01-01

    Pacific Plant Areas was first suggested by Prof. Dr. H. J. Lam, Director of the Rijksherbarium, Leyden, during the 6th Pacific Science Congress held at Berkeley, California, in 1939.² In the 7th Pacific Science Congress held in Auckland and Christchurch, New Zealand, in 1949, Doctor Lam made a

  12. Area Handbook for Syria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyrop, Richard; And Others

    This volume on Syria is one of a series of handbooks prepared by the Foreign Area Studies (FAS) of the American University, designed to be useful to military and other personnel who need a convenient compilation of basic facts about the social, economic, political, and military institutions and practices of various countries. The emphasis is on…

  13. Footwear for Inundated Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    large numbers of our troops. As a contribution to minimizing the occurrence and intensity of the problem, special footwear was developed by the U.S. Army...lightweight comfort shoe , similar to a tennis shoe , that could be tucked into a pocket and worn later in bivouac and boot camp areas in place of a

  14. Area Handbook for Oceania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, John W.; And Others

    This handbook is designed to be useful to people who need a convenient compilation of basic facts about the social, economic, political and military institutions and practices of oceania countries. The title Oceania refers to the land areas of south-central Pacific. However, in the handbook the scope is limited mainly to most of Melanesia, most of…

  15. Towards safer residential areas.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraay, J.H. Mathijssen, M.P.M. & Wegman, F.C.M.

    1985-01-01

    In recent years there has been an increasing interest, both by social institutions and by scientists, in the promotion of traffic safety and in the improvement of the living environment in residential areas. For this purpose use can be made of an extended range of measures, influencing the

  16. Bronchoscopy in Rural Areas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reidar Berntsen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality of bronchoscopy performed by one single pulmonologist in a scarcely populated subarctic area was compared to the guidelines provided by the British Thoracic Society (BTS. 103 patients underwent bronchoscopy. Diagnostic yield was increased to 76.6% when the first bronchoscopy was supplemented by bronchial washing fluid and brush cytology and to 86.7% (BTS guidelines >80% after a second bronchoscopy. Median time from referral to bronchoscopy was 10 days and 8 days from positive bronchoscopy to operative referral to another hospital. 1% of patients that underwent transbronchial lung biopsy had minor complications. One pulmonologist had rate of correct diagnosis based on visible endobronchial tumors that was comparable to the rates of numerous pulmonologists at larger centers performing the same procedure. Time delay was short. Rate of complications was comparable. Bronchoscopy performed by one pulmonologist alone could, in organized settings, be carried out at local hospitals in areas of scattered settlement.

  17. NASA's Hypersonic Investment Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hueter, Uwe; Hutt, John; McClinton, Charles

    2002-01-01

    NASA has established long term goals for access to space. The third generation launch systems are to be fully reusable and operational around 2025. The goal for third-generation launch systems represents significant reduction in cost and improved safety over the current first generation system. The Advanced Space Transportation Office (ASTP) at NASA s Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has the agency lead to develop space transportation technologies. Within ASTP, under the Hypersonic Investment Area (HIA), third generation technologies are being pursued in the areas of propulsion, airframe, integrated vehicle health management (IVHM), avionics, power, operations and system analysis. These technologies are being matured through research and both ground and flight-testing. This paper provides an overview of the HIA program plans and recent accomplishments.

  18. Vehicular road influence areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huertas, María E.; Huertas, José I.; Valencia, Alexander

    2017-02-01

    Vehicle operation over paved and unpaved roads is an emission source that significantly contributes to air pollution. Emissions are derived from vehicle exhaust pipes and re-suspension of particulate matter generated by wind erosion and tire to road surface interactions. Environmental authorities require a methodology to evaluate road impact areas, which enable managers to initiate counter-measures, particularly under circumstances where historic meteorological and/or air quality data is unavailable. The present study describes an analytical and experimental work developed to establish a simplified methodology to estimate the area influenced by vehicular roads. AERMOD was chosen to model pollutant dispersion generated by two roads of common attributes (straight road over flat terrain) under the effects of several arbitrary chosen weather conditions. The resulting pollutant concentration vs. Distance curves collapsed into a single curve when concentration and distance were expressed as dimensionless numbers and this curve can be described by a beta distribution function. This result implied that average concentration at a given distance was proportional to emission intensity and that it showed minor sensitivity to meteorological conditions. Therefore, road influence was defined by the area adjacent to the road limited by distance at which the beta distribution function equaled the limiting value specified by the national air quality standard for the pollutant under consideration.

  19. High surface area calcite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, L. N.; Andersson, M. P.; Dalby, K. N.; Müter, D.; Okhrimenko, D. V.; Fordsmand, H.; Stipp, S. L. S.

    2013-05-01

    Calcite (CaCO3) is important in many fields—in nature, because it is a component of aquifers, oil reservoirs and prospective CO2 storage sites, and in industry, where it is used in products as diverse as paper, toothpaste, paint, plastic and aspirin. It is difficult to obtain high purity calcite with a high surface area but such material is necessary for industrial applications and for fundamental calcite research. Commercial powder is nearly always contaminated with growth inhibitors such as sugars, citrate or pectin and most laboratory synthesis methods deliver large precipitates, often containing vaterite or aragonite. To address this problem, we (i) adapted the method of carbonating a Ca(OH)2 slurry with CO2 gas to develop the first simple, cheap, safe and reproducible procedure using common laboratory equipment, to obtain calcite that reproducibly had a surface area of 14-17 m2/g and (ii) conducted a thorough characterization of the product. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed nanometer scale, rhombohedral crystals. X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and infrared spectroscopy (IR) confirmed highly crystalline, pure calcite that more closely resembles the dimensions of the biogenic calcite produced by algae in coccoliths than other methods for synthesizing calcite. We suggest that this calcite is useful when purity and high surface area are important.

  20. All Conservation Opportunity Areas (ECO.RES.ALL_OP_AREAS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The All_OP_Areas GIS layer are all the Conservation Opportunity Areas identified by MoRAP (produced for EPA Region 7). They designate areas with potential for...

  1. Defense Technology Area Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-05-01

    malaria, development of antiparasitic drugs, identification of antiparasitic drug resistance patterns, identification and control of insect vectors for...Atovoquone proguanil • Artelinic acid • Floxacrine • Countermeasures to drug resistance • Topical antiparasitic drugs MD12J00AN MD12’J00AN DTO...Next gen rotorcraft - Enhanced Apache - Bird Dog DTO 4 Figure I.11. Rotary Wing Vehicles SUB-AREA FY95 FY96 FY97 FY98 FY99 FY00 FY01 FY02 FY03

  2. Small Area Fair Market Rent

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Due to the increasing demand for more localized rents for a variety of purposes, HUD is making Small Area FMRs for all metropolitan areas available. Small Area FMRs...

  3. Beyond breeding area management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lykke; Thorup, Kasper; Tøttrup, Anders P.

    Every year, billions of songbirds migrate thousands of kilometres between their European breeding grounds and African overwintering area. As migratory birds are dependent on resources at a number of sites varying in both space and time, they are likely to be more vulnerable to environmental change....... Perhaps as a consequence, long-distance migratory songbirds are declining rapidly compared to their sedentary counterparts. To understand what is driving these declines in European-Afrotropical migratory bird populations we need to understand the full annual migration cycle of these birds. Recent...... technological advances are currently enabling us to track yet smaller songbirds throughout their migration cycle providing valuable insight into the life cycle of individual birds. However, direct tracking of migratory birds has so far mainly been conducted on single populations and our understanding of entire...

  4. MANAGEMENT IN RURAL AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danimir Štros

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Croatia has been seeking to achive pre-war results in tourism since its independence. Rural tourism in Croatia based on family farma faces a number of problems legal foundations, the involement of local communities, inadequate entepreneur support etc. The political will for development exists, but there is lack of willingness and the ability to get things started, which results in the closure of family farma who cannot cope with the parallel job of agriculture and tourism. Arriving guests certainly want a new type of tourism: peace, clean environment, cultural intangible and tangible treasures, all without the noise and stress; and Croatia can definitely offer it, either in coastal or inland areas with traditional food and drinks. The destinations connection is not satisfactora. there is also an evident lack of legislation and regional spatial development plans for sustainable tourism which is a prerequisite for successful tourism. With these plans presumptins accepted, Croatian tourism would become distinctive and inland and coastal branches of tourism could complement each other so that the customer can spend his vacation both in the continental ant the maritime part of the country, getting to know our culture and enjoy the traditional cousine.

  5. Launch area theodolite system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Lester M.; Corriveau, John P.; Tindal, Nan E.

    1991-08-01

    White Sands Missile Range has developed a Launch Area Theodolite (LAT) optical tracking system that provides improved Time-Space-Position-Information (TSPI) for the new class of hyper-velocity missiles being developed by the Army. The LAT system consists of a high- performance optical tracking mount equipped with an 8-12 micrometers Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) sensor, a newly designed full-frame pin-registered 35-mm film camera, and an auto- focused 50-in. focal length lens. The FLIR has been integrated with the WSMR in-house developed statistical based automatic video tracker to yield a powerful system for the automatic tracking of missiles from a short standoff distance. The LAT has been designed to replace large fixed-camera arrays for test programs on short-range anti-tank missiles. New tracking techniques have been developed to deal with angular tracking rates that exceed one radian in both velocity and acceleration. Special techniques have been developed to shock the tracking mount at the missile launch to match the target motion. An adaptive servo control technique allows a Type III servo to be used to compensate for the high angular accelerations that are generated by the placement of the LAT mounts along the missile flight path. An automated mode selection adjustment is employed as the missile passes a point perpendicular to the tracking mount to compensate for the requirement to rapidly decelerate the tracking mount and keep the target in the field-of-view of the data camera. This paper covers the design concept for a network of eight LAT mounts, the techniques of automatic video tracking using a FLIR sensor, and the architecture of the servo control algorithms that have allowed the LAT system to produce results to a degree never before achieved at White Sands Missile Range.

  6. Water Service Areas - Public Water Supplier's (PWS) Service Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — Boundaries of current public water supplier's (PWS) service areas. This data set contains the present service area boundary of the water system and does not contain...

  7. [Syntactic Processing in Broca's Area: Brodmann Areas 44 and 45].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Atora; Sakai, Kuniyoshi L

    2017-04-01

    Brodmann areas 44 and 45 are known as Broca's area; however, their true functional roles are still unknown. Recent developments in neuroimaging techniques revealed the structures and functions of Broca's area in detail. More specifically regarding language functions, sufficient evidence has been accumulated that this region subserves the center of syntactic processing, not necessarily motor functions. Here, we review a role of Broca's area as the grammar center, including other roles in nonlinguistic functions.

  8. All Conservation Opportunity Areas (ECO.RES.ALL_OP_AREAS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The All_OP_Areas GIS layer are all the Conservation Opportunity Areas identified by MoRAP (produced for EPA Region 7). They designate areas with potential for forest, grassland and forest/grassland mosaic conservation. These are areas of natural or semi-natural forest land cover that are at least 75 meters away from roads and away from patch edges. OAs were modeled by creating distance grids using the National Land Cover Database and the Census Bureau's TIGER roads files.

  9. Catch-In-Areas Main

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Catch-In-Areas database integrates catch data from the Catch Accounting System (which has the spatial resolution of a NMFS Reporting Area) into a database that...

  10. Special Protection Area Review Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — A Special Protection Area (SPA) is a geographic area designated by the County Council which has high quality or unusually sensitive water resources and environmental...

  11. VT Designated Neighborhood Development Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The Neighborhood Development Area designation encourages municipalities and/or developers to plan for new and infill housing in the area within walking distance of...

  12. LIHTC Difficult to Develop Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — A Difficult Development Area (DDA) for the Low Income Housing Tax Credit program is an area designated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)...

  13. World Area Forecast System (WAFS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The World Area Forecast System (WAFS) is a worldwide system by which world area forecast centers provide aeronautical meteorological en-route forecasts in uniform...

  14. Major Land Resource Areas (MLRA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This is a polygon coverage of the Land Resource Regions and Major Land Resource Areas of the conterminous United States. Land resource regions are geographic areas...

  15. VT - Vermont Rational Service Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Data Layer Name: Vermont Rational Service Areas (RSAs)Alternate Name: Vermont RSAsOverview:Rational Service Areas (RSAs), originally developed in 2001 and revised in...

  16. Facial Areas and Emotional Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boucher, Jerry D.; Ekman, Paul

    1975-01-01

    Provides strong support for the view that there is no one area of the face which best reveals emotion, but that the value of the different facial areas in distinguishing emotions depends upon the emotion being judged. (Author)

  17. MOUNT HENRY ROADLESS AREA, MONTANA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Loenen, Richard E.; Conyac, Martin D.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral survey of the Mount Henry Roadless Area, Lincoln County, Montana, was conducted. A small area located along the southwest boundary was determined to have a probable mineral-resource potential for low-grade deposits of stratabound copper and silver. There is little possibility for locatable mineral, coal, oil, gas, and geothermal resources in the remainder of the area. There are no mines, prospects, or records of mineral production within the roadless area.

  18. Typical occupational accidents with employees of a university hospital in the south of Brazil: epidemiology and prevention Accidentes de trabajo típicos de trabajadores de un hospital universitario de la región sur de Brasil: epidemiología y prevención Acidentes de trabalho típicos envolvendo trabalhadores de hospital universitário da região sul do Brasil: epidemiologia e prevenção

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iara Aparecida de Oliveira Sêcco

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Descriptive epidemiologic study that aimed to analyze the typical occupational accidents notified by employees of a university hospital in the South of Brazil from 1997 to 2002, and to estimate their risk indicators. A total of 717 accidents were registered; 86% of them (616 were typical and presented an annual average risk coefficient of 6.0 per 100 employees. The groups that presented more risks for accidents were cooks, woodworkers and nursing auxiliaries, while hands were the most affected area. Regarding the accidents nature, the greatest risks involved biological material. Hence, it is necessary to orient personnel about the legal aspects of occupational accidents and review work processes, especially those related to employees who perform activities at greater risk of transmissible diseases like AIDS and hepatitis B and C.Se trata de un estudio epidemiológico descriptivo que tuvo como objetivo analizar los accidentes de trabajo típicos notificados por los trabajadores de un hospital universitario de la región sur de Brasil, de 1997 a 2002 y estimar indicadores de riesgo. Fueron notificados 717 accidentes, siendo 86% (616 típicos, cuyo Coeficiente de Riesgo Promedio Anual fue igual a 6,0 accidentes a cada 100 trabajadores. Los equipos que corrieron los mayores riesgos de sufrir tales accidentes fueron los de los cocineros, carpinteros y auxiliares de enfermería, siendo las manos la parte del cuerpo más afectada. En cuanto a la naturaleza de los accidentes, los de mayor riesgo fueron los relacionados a materiales biológicos. Se constató la necesidad de orientar al personal sobre los aspectos legales de los accidentes y revisar los procesos de trabajo desarrollados, especialmente para los que actúan en funciones cuyos riesgos son mayores de contraer enfermedades graves como SIDA y Hepatitis B y C.Estudo epidemiológico descritivo objetivou analisar os acidentes de trabalho típicos notificados pelos trabalhadores de um hospital

  19. MOUNT MORIAH ROADLESS AREA, NEVADA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Robert R.; Wood, Robert H.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral survey identified the northeastern part of the Mount Moriah Roadless Area in extreme east-central Nevada as an area of probable potential for the occurrence of small, isolated deposits containing lead and zinc. Many active quarries in a unique high-quality decorative building stone occur in the area and have substantiated mineral-resource potential. Further studies in the roadless area might include detailed mapping of exposed Prospect Mountain Quartzite building stone units and notation of their suitability for quarrying. More detailed geochemical studies in the area of probable base-metal resource potential might include additional stream-sediment sampling and sampling along fault zones.

  20. MPLS for metropolitan area networks

    CERN Document Server

    Tan, Nam-Kee

    2004-01-01

    METROPOLITAN AREA NETWORKS AND MPLSRequirements of Metropolitan Area Network ServicesMetropolitan Area Network OverviewThe Bandwidth DemandThe Metro Service Provider's Business ApproachesThe Emerging Metro Customer Expectations and NeedsSome Prevailing Metro Service OpportunitiesService Aspects and RequirementsRoles of MPLS in Metropolitan Area NetworksMPLS PrimerMPLS ApplicationsTRAFFIC ENGINEERING ASPECTS OF METROPOLITAN AREA NETWORKSTraffic Engineering ConceptsNetwork CongestionHyper Aggregation ProblemEasing CongestionNetwork ControlTactical versus Strategic Traffic EngineeringIP/ATM Overl

  1. Catchment areas for public transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jonas Lohmann Elkjær; Landex, Alex

    2008-01-01

    In the planning of public transport catchment areas of stops are often included to estimate potential number of travellers. There are different approaches to GIS-based catchment area analyses depending on the desired level of detail. The Circular Buffer approach is the fundamental, but also....../from stations. The article also shows how the refinement of the Service Area approach with additional time resistance results in smaller catchment areas when the feeder routes cross stairs. It is concluded that GIS-based catchment area analyses are a multiple decision support tool for planning of public...

  2. The Practice of Research of a Basic Education Teacher Involving Mental Models of the Phases of the Moon and Eclipses. (Spanish Title: La Práctica de Investigación de un Maestro de Educación BÁsica con El Uso de los Modelos Mentales de Las Fases de la Luna Y Eclipses.) A Prática de Pesquisa de um Professor do Ensino Fundamental Envolvendo Modelos Mentais de Fases da Lua e Eclipses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessôa Queiroz, Glória; Jubitipan Borges de Sousa, Carlos; Auxiliadora Delgado Machado, Maria

    2009-12-01

    The inclusion of basic education teachers in the survey domain is a controversial issue and fully debated in the academy. The opportunity for a collective work that incorporated school teachers from a public school to a university's group of physics teaching at university allowed us to glimpse the redefinition of the function of a science teacher (a coauthor of this paper) by himself, such that now he includes research on the knowledge construction by students in his teacher practice. The formation of inter-institutional groups for action planning and research in these areas has proved productive for the task of knowledge construction to support educational processes in school, while the university enriches its collection of experiences critically validated, and can consider the results in teachers initial and continued education. The active participation of the teacher in a research group at the university led him to reflect on the possible didactical ways to be described, analyzed and communicated to other teachers. The construction of a pedagogy that took into account the mental models of students on the basic topics of astronomy, and the changes developed resulting from the lessons taught, led to far-reaching consequences on the pedagogy adopted by the teacher, who incorporates now a new vision of science and alternative forms to dialogue with students, essential components for a researcher in Science Education. La inclusión de los maestros de la escuela básica en el universo de la investigación es polémica y está en amplio debate en el mundo académico. La oportunidad de trabajo colectivo de los maestros de una escuela pública en Río de Janeiro con un grupo universitario de enseñanza de la física nos ha permitido vislumbrar la redefinición de la función de un maestro de ciencias (uno de los coautores de este documento) por él mismo, ahora para incluir la investigación sobre la construcción del conocimiento por los alumnos en su práctica como

  3. Inativação termoquímica de Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus e Salmonella enterica Enteritidis por óleos essenciais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcilene de Abreu Pereira

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available O controle do crescimento microbiano tanto na indústria de alimentos quanto em ambientes hospitalares é de extrema importância. Entretanto, observa-se aumento da resistência dos microrganismos aos desinfetantes mais empregados, observando-se a necessidade de estudos com novos antimicrobianos. Assim, o objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar a atividade antimicrobiana e a curva de morte termoquímica de soluções desinfetantes de óleos essenciais sobre Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus e Salmonella Enteritidis. Foram utilizados os óleos essenciais de Thymus vulgaris (tomilho, Elettaria cardamomum (cardamomo, Eugenia caryophyllus (cravo botão e Foeniculum vulgare dulce (funcho doce. As concentrações mínimas inibitórias foram determinadas utilizando-se a técnica de diluição em placas. As concentrações testadas foram de (%: 0,00; 0,25; 0,5; 1,0; 2,0; 2,5; 3,0; 3,5; 4,0; 4,5; e 5,0. Escherichia coli foi a única bactéria sensível a todos os óleos em concentrações abaixo de 5%. Cravo da índia não inibiu o crescimento de S. aureus nas concentrações testadas. Somente o óleo essencial de tomilho inibiu o crescimento de Salmonella Enteritidis. Observando-se as curvas de morte termoquímica de S. aureus, nota-se que a solução desinfetante contendo óleo essencial de tomilho foi a mais eficiente, tanto a 25 quanto a 40°C, sendo necessário apenas 10min. de contato para não serem mais detectadas células viáveis. A solução desinfetante contendo 0,25% de óleo essencial de tomilho, tanto a 25 quanto a 40°C, eliminou as células de S. Enteritidis após10min. de contato. Já pra E. coli , os melhores resultados foram obtidos com as soluções desinfetantes contendo óleos essenciais de funcho doce e cravo da índia a 25 e 40°C e tomilho a 40°C. Todos os tratamentos, exceto aqueles contendo óleo essencial de cardamomo, reduziram o número de células viáveis das bactérias testadas em pelo menos 5 ciclos log, sendo considerados adequados para utilização como desinfetantes

  4. Influência das estruturas bacterianas externas na inativação fotodinâmica por uma porfirina catiónica

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Marlene António

    2014-01-01

    The main targets of photodynamic inactivation (PDI) are the external bacterial structures, cytoplasmic membrane and cell wall. In this work it was evaluated how the external bacterial structures influence the PDI efficiency. To reach this objective 8 bacteria with distinct external structures were selected; 4 Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, with typical Gram-negative external structures; Aeromonas salmonicida, Aeromonas hydrophila both with an S-layer and Rhodopirellula sp., with a ...

  5. Fractal cartography of urban areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Encarnação, Sara; Gaudiano, Marcos; Santos, Francisco C; Tenedório, José A; Pacheco, Jorge M

    2012-01-01

    In a world in which the pace of cities is increasing, prompt access to relevant information is crucial to the understanding and regulation of land use and its evolution in time. In spite of this, characterization and regulation of urban areas remains a complex process, requiring expert human intervention, analysis and judgment. Here we carry out a spatio-temporal fractal analysis of a metropolitan area, based on which we develop a model which generates a cartographic representation and classification of built-up areas, identifying (and even predicting) those areas requiring the most proximate planning and regulation. Furthermore, we show how different types of urban areas identified by the model co-evolve with the city, requiring policy regulation to be flexible and adaptive, acting just in time. The algorithmic implementation of the model is applicable to any built-up area and simple enough to pave the way for the automatic classification of urban areas worldwide.

  6. Sub-pixel Area Calculation Methods for Estimating Irrigated Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suraj Pandey

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper was to develop and demonstrate practical methods forcomputing sub-pixel areas (SPAs from coarse-resolution satellite sensor data. Themethods were tested and verified using: (a global irrigated area map (GIAM at 10-kmresolution based, primarily, on AVHRR data, and (b irrigated area map for India at 500-mbased, primarily, on MODIS data. The sub-pixel irrigated areas (SPIAs from coarse-resolution satellite sensor data were estimated by multiplying the full pixel irrigated areas(FPIAs with irrigated area fractions (IAFs. Three methods were presented for IAFcomputation: (a Google Earth Estimate (IAF-GEE; (b High resolution imagery (IAF-HRI; and (c Sub-pixel de-composition technique (IAF-SPDT. The IAF-GEE involvedthe use of “zoom-in-views” of sub-meter to 4-meter very high resolution imagery (VHRIfrom Google Earth and helped determine total area available for irrigation (TAAI or netirrigated areas that does not consider intensity or seasonality of irrigation. The IAF-HRI isa well known method that uses finer-resolution data to determine SPAs of the coarser-resolution imagery. The IAF-SPDT is a unique and innovative method wherein SPAs aredetermined based on the precise location of every pixel of a class in 2-dimensionalbrightness-greenness-wetness (BGW feature-space plot of red band versus near-infraredband spectral reflectivity. The SPIAs computed using IAF-SPDT for the GIAM was within2 % of the SPIA computed using well known IAF-HRI. Further the fractions from the 2 methods were significantly correlated. The IAF-HRI and IAF-SPDT help to determine annualized or gross irrigated areas (AIA that does consider intensity or seasonality (e.g., sum of areas from season 1, season 2, and continuous year-round crops. The national census based irrigated areas for the top 40 irrigated nations (which covers about 90% of global irrigation was significantly better related (and had lesser uncertainties and errors when

  7. ARROYO SECO ROADLESS AREA, CALIFORNIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Robert E.; Gabby, Peter N.

    1984-01-01

    Situated in the southwestern San Gabriel Mountains in Los Angeles County, California, the Arroyo Seco Roadless Area encompasses about 8 sq mi within the Angeles National Forest. On the basis of geologic mapping, a geochemical stream-sediment survey, and a survey of mines, quarries, and prospects, the area has a probable resource potential for small gold occurrences in the southern part of the area. Sand, gravel, and stone suitable for construction materials are found in the roadless area. Because of their regional association with gold mineralization, the thin and poorly exposed mafic dikes in the Echo Granite, the Mount Lowe Granodiorite, and the Precambrian gneiss in and around the roadless area offer the most promising avenue for additional study of the resource potential of the area.

  8. Protected area gap analysis of important bird areas in Tanzania

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sritharan, Shakthi; Burgess, Neil David

    2012-01-01

    Analyses of gaps in protected area (PA) coverage of species distributions have been carried out extensively for the past two decades, aiming to better locate new PAs and conserve species. In this study, progress to close gaps in the protection of the Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of Tanzania...

  9. PINE CREEK ROADLESS AREA, OREGON.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, George W.; Denton, David K.

    1984-01-01

    Examination of the Pine Creek Roadless Area, Oregon indicates that there is little likelihood for the occurrence of energy or metallic mineral resources in the area. No mines or mineral prospects were identified during the investigation. Although nearby parts of Harney Basin are characterized by higher than normal heat flow, indicating that the region as a whole may have some as yet undefined potential for the occurrence of the geothermal energy resources, no potential for this resource was identified in the roadless area.

  10. Language universals engage Broca's area

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Berent, Iris; Pan, Hong; Zhao, Xu; Epstein, Jane; Bennett, Monica L; Deshpande, Vibhas; Seethamraju, Ravi Teja; Stern, Emily

    2014-01-01

    ..., where ≻ indicates preference). Results showed that syllable structure monotonically modulated hemodynamic response in Broca's area, and its pattern mirrored participants' behavioral preferences...

  11. SANDY CREEK ROADLESS AREA, MISSISSIPPI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haley, Boyd R.; Bitar, Richard F.

    1984-01-01

    The Sandy Creek Roadless Area includes about 3. 7 sq mi in the southeastern part of Adams County, Mississippi. On the basis of a mineral survey, the area offers little promise for the occurrence of metallic mineral resources but has a probable resource potential for oil and natural gas. It is possible that wells drilled deep enough to penetrate the older reservoirs will encounter significant quantities of oil and natural gas in the roadless area. The deposits of gravel, sand, and clay present in the area could be utilized in the construction industry, but similar deposits elsewhere are much closer to available markets.

  12. Small Engine & Accessory Test Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Small Engine and Accessories Test Area (SEATA) facilitates testaircraft starting and auxiliary power systems, small engines and accessories. The SEATA consists...

  13. Runoff estimation in residencial area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meire Regina de Almeida Siqueira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to estimate the watershed runoff caused by extreme events that often result in the flooding of urban areas. The runoff of a residential area in the city of Guaratinguetá, São Paulo, Brazil was estimated using the Curve-Number method proposed by USDA-NRCS. The study also investigated current land use and land cover conditions, impermeable areas with pasture and indications of the reforestation of those areas. Maps and satellite images of Residential Riverside I Neighborhood were used to characterize the area. In addition to characterizing land use and land cover, the definition of the soil type infiltration capacity, the maximum local rainfall, and the type and quality of the drainage system were also investigated. The study showed that this neighborhood, developed in 1974, has an area of 792,700 m², a population of 1361 inhabitants, and a sloping area covered with degraded pasture (Guaratinguetá-Piagui Peak located in front of the residential area. The residential area is located in a flat area near the Paraiba do Sul River, and has a poor drainage system with concrete pipes, mostly 0.60 m in diameter, with several openings that capture water and sediments from the adjacent sloping area. The Low Impact Development (LID system appears to be a viable solution for this neighborhood drainage system. It can be concluded that the drainage system of the Guaratinguetá Riverside I Neighborhood has all of the conditions and characteristics that make it suitable for the implementation of a low impact urban drainage system. Reforestation of Guaratinguetá-Piagui Peak can reduce the basin’s runoff by 50% and minimize flooding problems in the Beira Rio neighborhood.

  14. ANÁLISE DE PATENTES ENVOLVENDO PLANTAS TRANGÊNICAS MAIS TOLERANTES A ESTRESSE ABIÓTICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Dias de Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Para combater condições desfavoráveis à produção de alimentos, bem como otimizar características nutricionais e funcionais, pesquisadores tem lançado mão de técnicas de melhoramento genético. Neste contexto, o café tem se destacado como planta alvo, tendo em vista, seu grande mercado consumidor representando por 2,0% do valor total em exportações brasileiras em 2012.  O estresse abiótico é um dos problemas mais rotineiramente enfrentados pelos produtos de gêneros alimentícios em especial o café. Assim sendo, diversas sequências do DNA de tal planta vem sendo estudadas e mapeadas para produção de cafeeiros mais resistentes e com melhor aproveitamento mercadológico, sendo o gene CAHB12 ineditamente esclarecido como adjuvante no melhoramento ao estresse hídrico e salino. Por meio da base de patentes Derwent Innovations Index se desenvolveu uma estratégia de mapeamento de tecnologias similares à exploração do gene em evidência como ponto chave para o controle do estresse hídrico e salino da coffea arabica. Observou-se que para o gene em questão não existe tecnologia que o explore em tal espécie, porém outras sequências foram identificadas para o mesmo propósito. Pode-se através de tal ferramenta de busca se observar que o principal país depositante de patentes relacionadas ao melhoramento genético do café é os EUA e que a maior empresa depositante é a BASF. Ainda como ponto importante pode-se mapear nacionalmente os principais grupos de pesquisa em melhoramento genético do café.

  15. Experimentos didáticos envolvendo radiação microondas Microwave-assisted experiments for undergraduate courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Rosini

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Theoretical and practical aspects of the use of microwave-assisted strategies in chemistry are introduced for students using simple and safe experiments employing a domestic oven. Three procedures are proposed for evaluating the distribution of microwave radiation inside the microwave oven cavity: (1 variation of the volume of marshmallows; (2 drying of filter paper wetted with Co(II solution, and (3 variation of water temperature, after microwave-assisted heating. These experiments establish the position with the highest incidence of microwave radiation in the oven cavity, which was chosen for the synthesis of salicylic acid acetate. This synthesis was performed in 5 min of heating and the yield was around 85%. All experiments can be carried out in a 4 h lab-session using low-cost instrumentation.

  16. Interacções mutualísticas envolvendo os peixes limpadores facultativos Coris julis e Thalassoma pavo

    OpenAIRE

    Narvaez, Pauline, 1990-

    2013-01-01

    Tese de mestrado. Biologia (Ecologia Marinha). Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, 2013 O comportamento das espécies de peixes limpadores facultativos de águas temperadas, só recentemente começou a ser estudado ao contrário do que sucede em águas tropicais. Duas espécies de labrídeos, Coris julis e Thalassoma pavo, são caracterizadas como limpadoras nas águas costeiras dos Açores, mas pouco se sabe sobre as suas interacções mutualísticas. Com vista a colmatar esta lacuna, este t...

  17. Fundamental steps in experimental design for animal studies Passos fundamentais em desenhos experimentais de estudos envolvendo animais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Animal studies continue to have a vital role in science development. The aim of this review is to provide to new investigators an overview of the important steps involved in experimental designs and also to suggest some practical information that is commonly associated with this process. Investigators should adhere to the ethical procedure and follow strictly the scientific method. Both the aims and well-formulated hypothesis are essential and practical. In this regard a profound literature search and the aid of an experienced statistician is encouraged. The need of randomization, blinding, and attempting to minimize variation is discussed and recommended. The choosing of good control groups and the employment of pilot studies are useful. Finally, the formulation of new questions to be further responded is expected.Estudos em animais continuam a ser vital para o desenvolvimento da ciência. O objetivo dessa revisão é o de apresentar a novos pesquisadores, uma visão geral dos passos importantes envolvidos no desenho experimental e, ao mesmo tempo, sugerir algumas informações de ordem prática que geralmente estão incluídas no processo da pesquisa. Os pesquisadores devem atentar sempre aos princípios éticos e seguir estritamente o método científico. Hipóteses bem formuladas e objetivas claros são essenciais e práticos. Nesse contexto, uma pesquisa bibliográfica profunda deve ser executada previamente e o pesquisador deve contar, se possível, com o auxilio de um estatístico experiente. A necessidade de randomização, de planejar um estudo cego e de se minimizar a variação são discutidas e enfatizadas. A escolha de bons grupos controles e o emprego de um estudo piloto são recomendados. Finalmente, a formulação de novas questões para serem respondidas por novas pesquisas é esperada.

  18. A COLISÃO DE PRINCIPIOS EM CONTROVERSAS ENVOLVENDO O MEIO AMBIENTE NO CONSTITUCIONALISMO CONTEMPORÂNEO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Djalma Silva da Rosa

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O direito ao meio ambiente foi colocado pelo legislador constituinte como sendo um direito fundamental, previsto no art.225 da Carta Magna, haja vista estar relacionado ao Princípio da Dignidade da Pessoa Humana. É mister, para se ter a noção do âmbito de proteção de tal direito, ter clara a acepção de que o mesmo envolve o ambiente natural, o artificial e o cultural. Ocorre que, para se ter a efetividade desse direito, é imprescindível a compatibilização da preservação do meio ambiente com a continuidade do desenvolvimento/crescimento econômico que às vezes visam fins opostos. Tal dicotomia faz com que, muitas vezes, haja a colisão de princípios que visam à proteção dos dois. Nesse contexto, ganha importância o Princípio do Desenvolvimento Sustentável, haja vista ser o instrumento de proteção do bem ambiental para as gerações futuras.

  19. UMA PROPOSTA DIDÁTICA INTERDISCIPLINAR PARA O ENSINO DE MATEMÁTICA ENVOLVENDO MÚSICA

    OpenAIRE

    Cunha, Alex Nunes Barbosa; Universidade do Grande Rio, UNIGRANRIO

    2015-01-01

    Este estudo é resultado de um desafio que todo professor de matemática enfrenta ao iniciar sua carreira profissional quando se depara com um grande grupo de estudantes desestimulados em aprender, dificultando o ensino e a aprendizagem dessa disciplina. Este trabalho não apresenta uma solução para esse problema mais traz uma proposta de trabalho: utilizar a música de uma maneira interdisciplinar tornando mais viável, pra o aluno, o aprendizado de matemática. Este trabalho apresenta algumas aná...

  20. Análise de propostas de gestão de riscos em ambientes com atividades envolvendo nanomateriais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Renato Balbão Andrade

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available A manipulação de nanomateriais apresenta enormes desafios para a gestão de ris-cos em pesquisa e na produção de novos materiais. Porém, os dados sobre os impactos destes novos materiais sobre a saúde humana e meio ambiente precisam ser ampliados. Vários esforços têm sido feitos para mitigar as adversidades e oferecer diretrizes para a gestão destes riscos associados aos nanomateriais. Este artigo objetiva fornecer visão ampla e comparativa entre as principais propostas existentes na literatura. A metodologia utilizada foi análise sistemática englobando 17 propostas de gestão de riscos com nanomateriais. Os resultados indicam que, embora não haja consenso sobre as métricas utilizadas para caracterizar os riscos dos nanomateriais, a adoção do Princípio da Precaução, do enfoque de controle de bandas e da participação dos envolvidos se sobressai entre os documentos analisados.

  1. Parcerias Interorganizacionais como Indutoras de Empreendimentos Socioambientais de Natureza Coletiva: Três Casos Envolvendo o Artesanato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurer, Angela Maria

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Agents identified with collective entrepreneurship distinguish themselves by the development of solutions that create value for the collectivity. However, the formation and survival of such organizations face many socioeconomic challenges. One alternative to fulfill this gap is the establishment of inter-organizational partnerships. The objective of this paper is to explore how the establishment of inter-organizational partnerships interferes in the promotion and development of a “socio-environmental, collective entrepreneurship”. To achieve this, case studies were performed in three organizations that produce handcrafts with natural raw materials. Data collected through primary and secondary sources were framed within a combination of theoretical approaches: collective entrepreneurship, solidarity economy and inter-organizational partnerships. Results show that the three cases had as main motivator public organizations with the mission of supporting socioenvironmental organizations. Those partnerships allow the mitigation of challenges related to commercialization, value added, administrative management, training in human resources, technological knowledge, thus expanding the organizations’ possibilities of developing themselves in a sustainable way.

  2. Harvesting Options for Riparian Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    James A. Mattson; John E. Baumgras; Charles R. Blinn; Michael A. Thompson

    1999-01-01

    As the chapters in this book demonstate, forested riparian areas provide many important functions and values, including wildlife habitat, recreation, water, timber production, and cultural resources. The high soil moisture and nutrient availability in these areas make them highly productive sites for plant and animal life, including trees, and this, coupled with the...

  3. Tech Area II: A history

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ullrich, R. [Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1998-07-01

    This report documents the history of the major buildings in Sandia National Laboratories` Technical Area II. It was prepared in support of the Department of Energy`s compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Technical Area II was designed and constructed in 1948 specifically for the final assembly of the non-nuclear components of nuclear weapons, and was the primary site conducting such assembly until 1952. Both the architecture and location of the oldest buildings in the area reflect their original purpose. Assembly activities continued in Area II from 1952 to 1957, but the major responsibility for this work shifted to other sites in the Atomic Energy Commission`s integrated contractor complex. Gradually, additional buildings were constructed and the original buildings were modified. After 1960, the Area`s primary purpose was the research and testing of high-explosive components for nuclear weapons. In 1994, Sandia constructed new facilities for work on high-explosive components outside of the original Area II diamond-shaped parcel. Most of the buildings in the area are vacant and Sandia has no plans to use them. They are proposed for decontamination and demolition as funding becomes available.

  4. Rural areas in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haartsen, T.; Huigen, P.P.P.; Groote, P.

    2003-01-01

    According to the OECD standard, there are no rural areas in the Netherlands. Nonetheless, debate continues about the future of the Dutch countryside. In order to explore how Dutch inhabitants think about rural areas a survey was conducted by the authors, focusing on two topics: the kind of

  5. INDIAN HEAVEN ROADLESS AREA, WASHINGTON.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Church, S.E.; Barnes, D.J.

    1984-01-01

    On the basis of geologic, geochemical, and mining activity surveys the Indian Heaven Roadless Area, Washington offers little promise for the occurrence of metallic or nonmetallic mineral resources. Preliminary investigations of the geothermal potential of the area are inconclusive; however, a hot spring is located approximately 10 mi south of the roadless area, and the data indicate an aquifer of unknown extent at a temperature of less than 212 degree F. Geothermal lease applications were filed on about 23. 5 sq mi of the roadless area indicating potential interest in the development of a geothermal resource. In addition, about 39 sq mi of the roadless area have been leased for oil and gas exploration.

  6. USE OF THE PICNIC AREA

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2001-01-01

    On the Prévessin site CERN has provided a picnic area which is available for use by persons working on its site subject to prior reservation. The person in charge of this picnic area is Mr Yves CHEVRET ST/TFM. Following a fresh outbreak of incidents (damage to CERN equipment and to trees and plants, privately owned sheep killed or maimed by dogs belonging to users of the picnic area, etc.),   The following measures have been taken: a report on the state of the picnic area will be drawn up before and after use, the cost of any damage noted will be borne by the person making the reservation, dogs and other domestic animals are strictly forbidden in the picnic area.

  7. Geometry of area without length

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Pei-Ming; Inami, Takeo

    2016-01-01

    To define a free string by the Nambu-Goto action, all we need is the notion of area, and mathematically the area can be defined directly in the absence of a metric. Motivated by the possibility that string theory admits backgrounds where the notion of length is not well defined but a definition of area is given, we study space-time geometries based on the generalization of a metric to an area metric. In analogy with Riemannian geometry, we define the analogues of connections, curvatures, and Einstein tensor. We propose a formulation generalizing Einstein's theory that will be useful if at a certain stage or a certain scale the metric is ill defined and the space-time is better characterized by the notion of area. Static spherical solutions are found for the generalized Einstein equation in vacuum, including the Schwarzschild solution as a special case.

  8. Minerals safeguarding areas and mineral consultation areas for West Sussex

    OpenAIRE

    Hannis, S.D.; Steadman, E. J.; Linley, K.A.; Newsham, R.

    2007-01-01

    This report describes work carried out by the British Geological Survey on behalf of West Sussex County Council to delineate its Minerals Safeguarding Areas and Mineral Consultation Areas. This is in accordance with the methodology outlined in “A guide to mineral safeguarding in England” (McEvoy et al., 2007), which is in line with the Communities and Local Government document, Mineral Policy Statement 1: Planning and Minerals. This was released in November 2006 and it introduc...

  9. Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rinne, C.A.; Daly, K.S.

    1993-08-01

    The purpose of the Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan (Development Plan) is to guide the physical development of the 200 Areas (which refers to the 200 East Area, 200 West Area, and 200 Area Corridor, located between the 200 East and 200 West Areas) in accordance with US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4320.lB (DOE 1991a) by performing the following: Establishing a land-use plan and setting land-use categories that meet the needs of existing and proposed activities. Coordinating existing, 5-year, and long-range development plans and guiding growth in accordance with those plans. Establishing development guidelines to encourage cost-effective development and minimize conflicts between adjacent activities. Identifying site development issues that need further analysis. Integrating program plans with development plans to ensure a logical progression of development. Coordinate DOE plans with other agencies [(i.e., Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)]. Being a support document to the Hanford Site Development Plan (DOE-RL 1990a) (parent document) and providing technical site information relative to the 200 Areas.

  10. DESCHUTES CANYON ROADLESS AREA, OREGON.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, George W.; Winters, Richard A.

    1984-01-01

    An examination of the Deschutes Canyon Roadless Area, Oregon indicated that the area is devoid of mines and active mineral prospects or claims and that there is little likelihood for the occurrence of metallic or nonmetallic mineral resources. There is no evidence to indicate that mineral fuels are present in the roadless area. Nearby parts of central Jefferson County on the Warm Springs Indian Reservation are characterized by higher-than-normal heat flow and by numerous thermal springs, some of which have been partly developed. This may indicate that the region has some as yet undefined potential for the development of geothermal energy.

  11. Android Based Area Web Monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanigoro Bayu

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The research objective is to develop an application that can be used in the monitoring of an area by using a webcam. It aims to create a sense of security on the user's application because it can monitor an area using mobile phone anywhere. The results obtained in this study is to create an area with a webcam monitoring application that can be accessed anywhere as long as the monitoring results have internet access and can also be accessed through Android Based Mobile Phone.

  12. FEMA DFIRM Flood Hazard Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — FEMA flood hazard delineations are used by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to designate the Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) and for insurance rating...

  13. Allegheny County Environmental Justice Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Environmental Justice areas in this guide have been defined by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. The Department defines an environmental...

  14. Suisun Marsh Secondary Management Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Suisun Marsh or the 'Marsh' means tidal marsh, water-covered areas, diked-off wetlands, seasonal marshes, lowland grasslands, upland grasslands, and cultivated lands...

  15. Suisun Marsh Primary Management Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Suisun Marsh or the 'Marsh' means tidal marsh, water-covered areas, diked-off wetlands, seasonal marshes, lowland grasslands, upland grasslands, and cultivated lands...

  16. Allegheny County Soil Type Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset contains soil type and soil classification, by area. Additional info at: http://mcdc.cas.psu.edu/datawiz.htm;...

  17. Ozone Nonattainment Areas - 1 Hour

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data layer identifies areas in the U.S. where air pollution levels have not met the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Ozone - 1hour (Legacy...

  18. Allegheny County Land Use Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Allegheny County land use as ascribed to areas of land. The Land Use Feature Dataset contains photogrammetrically compiled information concerning vegetation and...

  19. Wisconsin's fourth forest inventory: area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    W. Brad Smith

    1986-01-01

    In 1983, the fourth Wisconsin forest inventory found 14.8 million acres of commercial forest land, an increase of nearly 2% since 1968. This bulletin analyzes findings from the inventory and presents detailed tables of forest area.

  20. Fire in a contaminated area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryan, G.W., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-08-28

    This document supports the development and presentation of the following accident scenario in the TWRS Final Safety Analysis Report: Fire in Contaminated Area. The calculations needed to quantify the risk associated with this accident scenario are included within.

  1. Revitalization Areas By Block Group

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Single Family Revitalization areas are HUD-designated neighborhoods in need of economic and community development and where there is already a strong commitment by...

  2. Flood Hazard Areas - High Risk

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The S_Fld_Haz_Ar table contains information about the flood hazards within the study area. A spatial file with locational information also corresponds with this data...

  3. Local Area Defense (LAD) Demonstration

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mackenzie, Colin F

    2004-01-01

    This pilot program is funded by the Army Medical Department (AMEDD) to demonstrate a real-time detection and rapid response system for local area defense using the University of Maryland Baltimore (UMB...

  4. Cafeterias/Food-Service Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American School & University, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes the design of notable school cafeterias and food service areas, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on architects, suppliers, and cost, as well as photographs. (EV)

  5. VT - Vermont Hospital Service Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Hospital service areas (HSAs) are organized by towns and are based on inpatient discharges where the diagnosis indicated the need for immediate care. Plurality...

  6. Allegheny County Wooded Area Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates stands of trees (coniferous and deciduous) too numerous to plot as individual trees. The area is delineated following a generalized line...

  7. Marais Des Cygnes Wildlife Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This brochure is for the Marais des Cygnes Wildlife Area, managed by Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism, and located in the floodplain of the Marais...

  8. Allegheny County Land Cover Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — The Land Cover dataset demarcates 14 land cover types by area; such as Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Forest, Agriculture, etc. If viewing this description on...

  9. DOLUS LAKES ROADLESS AREA, MONTANA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, James E.; Avery, Dale W.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral survey of the Dolus Lakes Roadless Area in southwestern Montana, was conducted. Much of the roadless area has probable and substantiated potential for resources of gold, silver, molybdenum, and tungsten. The nature of the geologic terrain indicates that there is little promise for the occurrence of coal, oil, gas, or geothermal resources. Detailed geologic and geochemical studies are suggested to delineate exploration targets that could be tested by drilling.

  10. Semenic Mountains’ alpine skiing area

    OpenAIRE

    Petru BANIAȘ; Daniel AMARIEI

    2017-01-01

    The present paper presents, after a short history of alpine skiing which describes apparition, necessity, utility and universality of skiing during time, a comparative study referring to the alpine skiing domain in the Semenic Mountains area. In the paper are also presented general notions about alpine skiing methodology together with an ample description of the plateau area form Semenic Mountains, describing localization and touristic potential. Based on the SWOT analysis made for each slope...

  11. Installation of LHC experimental areas

    CERN Document Server

    Butin, F; Lacarrère, D; Osborne, J; CERN. Geneva. TS Department

    2005-01-01

    Following handover by the civil engineering contractors, the new LHC experimental areas are being fitted-out with appropriate infrastructure and technical services. In parallel, and in order to make up for the short time available, the installation of the detectors has already started in the experimental caverns. In addition, the LHC machine installation now has a non-negligible impact on the experimental area activities. Four Experimental Area Teams have been set up in order to coordinate all this work, organize the logistic resources and ensure the proper safety of personnel and material. This paper will focus on the status of installation in all areas and define the technical challenges coming in the next months. Illustrations from the new areas at Point 1 and Point 5 will be presented and compared to those from existing areas at Point 2 and Point 8, custom built for and inherited from LEP. The successes and difficulties encountered so far will be reviewed and the conclusions that have been drawn from this...

  12. Protected area gap analysis of important bird areas in Tanzania

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sritharan, Shakthi; Burgess, Neil David

    2012-01-01

    Analyses of gaps in protected area (PA) coverage of species distributions have been carried out extensively for the past two decades, aiming to better locate new PAs and conserve species. In this study, progress to close gaps in the protection of the Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of Tanzania...... that there has been a 5.3% increase (7615.1 km2) in protection of IBAs between 2007 and 2009. Of the 27 remaining IBA protection gaps, three are of high, nine of medium and fifteen of low priority for action. The current IBA "gap area" of 17,133.3 km2 contains around 26% forest, 13% shrubland, 9% grassland, 36......% wetland and 12% agricultural land. This analysis provides a simple template for defining where further action to protect remaining IBA sites in Tanzania would lead to enhanced conservation of avian biodiversity in that country and provides a methodology for analysis leading to conservation action...

  13. Alpinia zerumbet (Pers. B. L. Burtt & R. M. Sm. (Zingiberaceae: levantamento de publicações nas áreas farmacológica e química para o período de 1987 a 2008 Alpinia zerumbet (Pers. B. L. Burtt & R. M. Sm. (Zingiberaceae: survey of publications in pharmacological and chemical areas from 1987 to 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.J.C Correa

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Espécie muito encontrada no nordeste do Brasil, Alpinia zerumbet (Pers. B. L. Burtt & R. M. Sm. é conhecida popularmente como colônia. Na medicina popular é utilizada como antihipertensiva, diurética e febrífuga. Alguns estudos com óleos essenciais mostram sua atividade antimicrobiana, hipotensiva e um leve efeito diurético. Visando contribuir para o maior conhecimento da espécie realizou-se uma revisão de publicações envolvendo estudos nas áreas farmacológica e química para o período de 1987 a 2008.Normally found in the northeast of Brazil, Alpinia zerumbet (Pers. B. L. Burtt. & R. M. Sm. is commonly known as "colônia". In folk medicine, it has been used as antihypertensive, diuretic and febrifuge. Some studies with essential oils have shown its antimicrobial and hypotensive activities, besides a slight diuretic effect. Aimed at improving the knowledge of such species, a survey of publications involving studies in pharmacological and chemical areas was conducted from 1987 to 2008.

  14.   Transformation of the industrial harbor areas to housing areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rehder, Meike

    2009-01-01

    Research question: How to read the universal (understood as the common and the social) and the individual (understood as the specific, private and intimate) in the meeting between urban and housing space? Questions in the project: How do the exterior spaces in these new harbour areas come to being...

  15. Large-area aircraft scanner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iddings, Frank A.

    A program to determine the feasibility of present state-of-the-art NDI technology to produce a large-area scanner and to identify commercial equipment available to construct the desired system is presented. Work performed to attain these objectives is described, along with suggested modifications to the existing commercial equipment in order to meet the design criteria as closely as possible. Techniques that show the most promise at present are: D-sight, shearography, and pulse IR thermography (PIRT). D-sight is argued to be inadequate alone, but may well help form a system in conjunction with another technique. Shearography requires additional development in the area of stress application along with interpretation and overall application. PIRT is argued to be satisfactory as a large-area scanner system, at least for thin composite and metal panels.

  16. 100 Areas CERCLA ecological investigations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Landeen, D.S.; Sackschewsky, M.R.; Weiss, S.

    1993-09-01

    This document reports the results of the field terrestrial ecological investigations conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company during fiscal years 1991 and 1992 at operable units 100-FR-3, 100-HR-3, 100-NR-2, 100-KR-4, and 100-BC-5. The tasks reported here are part of the Remedial Investigations conducted in support of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 studies for the 100 Areas. These ecological investigations provide (1) a description of the flora and fauna associated with the 100 Areas operable units, emphasizing potential pathways for contaminants and species that have been given special status under existing state and/or federal laws, and (2) an evaluation of existing concentrations of heavy metals and radionuclides in biota associated with the 100 Areas operable units.

  17. Heat Pumps in Subarctic Areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Atlason, Reynir Smari; Oddsson, Gudmundur Valur; Unnthorsson, Runar

    2017-01-01

    Geothermal heat pumps use the temperature difference between inside and outside areas to modify a refrigerant, either for heating or cooling. Doing so can lower the need for external heating energy for a household to some extent. The eventual impact depends on various factors, such as the external...... source for heating or cooling and the temperature difference. The use of geothermal heat pumps, and eventual benefits has not been studied in the context of frigid areas, such as in Iceland. In Iceland, only remote areas do not have access to district heating from geothermal energy where households may...... the Icelandic energy authority for the analysis. Findings show that a majority of households (83%) used between 20 and 50 MWh annually prior to installing a heat pump system (mean = 37.8 MWh). On average, households used approximately 26 MWh after installing a heat pump. When installing a small pump (5 to 9 k...

  18. Plutonium focus area: Technology summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    To ensure research and development programs focus on the most pressing environmental restoration and waste management problems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) established a working group in August 1993 to implement a new approach to research and technology development. As part of this approach, EM developed a management structure and principles that led to creation of specific focus areas. These organizations were designed to focus scientific and technical talent throughout DOE and the national scientific community on major environmental restoration and waste management problems facing DOE. The focus area approach provides the framework for inter-site cooperation and leveraging of resources on common problems. After the original establishment of five major focus areas within the Office of Technology Development (EM-50), the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (NMSTG, EM-66) followed EM-50`s structure and chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA). NMSTG`s charter to the PFA, described in detail later in this book, plays a major role in meeting the EM-66 commitments to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB). The PFA is a new program for FY96 and as such, the primary focus of revision 0 of this Technology Summary is an introduction to the Focus Area; its history, development, and management structure, including summaries of selected technologies being developed. Revision 1 to the Plutonium Focus Area Technology Summary is slated to include details on all technologies being developed, and is currently planned for release in August 1996. The following report outlines the scope and mission of the Office of Environmental Management, EM-60, and EM-66 organizations as related to the PFA organizational structure.

  19. 100 Areas water treatment specifications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greninger, A.B.

    1952-07-11

    This memorandum discussed review of the data from tests using alum in the treatment of pile process water, and using activated silica as a coagulant aid during period of low water temperature, which shows that this method should be substituted for the present method of treating pile process water in all 100 Areas. It was recommended that the water treatment procedures and specifications attached to this memorandum be initiated as standard practice in all 100 Areas as soon as it is possible to make the necessary equipment modifications and installations.

  20. Integrated Assessment of Coastal Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholls, R. J.

    2016-12-01

    Coastal areas are experiencing change due to a range of natural and human-induced drivers. Of particular concern is climate change, particularly sea-level rise (SLR). In low gradient coastal areas, small changes in water levels can have profound consequences. Hence SLR is rightly considered a major threat. However, to properly diagnose a problem and find sustainable solutions, a systems approach is essential as the impacts of SLR will be modified by the other drivers. This paper will consider these issues from a multi-disciplinary perspective drawing on examples from around the world.

  1. CACTUS SPRING ROADLESS AREA, CALIFORNIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matti, Jonathan C.; Kuizon, Lucia

    1984-01-01

    Geologic, geochemical, and geophysical studies together with a review of historic mining and prospecting activities indicate that the Cactus Spring Roadless Area in California has little promise for the occurrence of mineral or energy resources. Marble bodies occur in the northern part of the roadless area and are possible resources for building stone, crushed and quarried aggregate, and lime and magnesium for Portland cement and industrial applications. It is recommended that the terrane of marble be mapped and sampled carefully in order to evaluate the quantity and quality of the carbonate resources.

  2. Determination of retinal surface area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagra, Manbir; Gilmartin, Bernard; Thai, Ngoc Jade; Logan, Nicola S

    2017-09-01

    Previous attempts at determining retinal surface area and surface area of the whole eye have been based upon mathematical calculations derived from retinal photographs, schematic eyes and retinal biopsies of donor eyes. 3-dimensional (3-D) ocular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows a more direct measurement, it can be used to image the eye in vivo, and there is no risk of tissue shrinkage. The primary purpose of this study is to compare, using T2-weighted 3D MRI, retinal surface areas for superior-temporal (ST), inferior-temporal (IT), superior-nasal (SN) and inferior-nasal (IN) retinal quadrants. An ancillary aim is to examine whether inter-quadrant variations in area are concordant with reported inter-quadrant patterns of susceptibility to retinal breaks associated with posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Seventy-three adult participants presenting without retinal pathology (mean age 26.25 ± 6.06 years) were scanned using a Siemens 3-Tesla MRI scanner to provide T2-weighted MR images that demarcate fluid-filled internal structures for the whole eye and provide high-contrast delineation of the vitreous-retina interface. Integrated MRI software generated total internal ocular surface area (TSA). The second nodal point was used to demarcate the origin of the peripheral retina in order to calculate total retinal surface area (RSA) and quadrant retinal surface areas (QRSA) for ST, IT, SN, and IN quadrants. Mean spherical error (MSE) was -2.50 ± 4.03D and mean axial length (AL) 24.51 ± 1.57 mm. Mean TSA and RSA for the RE were 2058 ± 189 and 1363 ± 160 mm2 , respectively. Repeated measures anova for QRSA data indicated a significant difference within-quadrants (P area/mm increase in AL. Although the differences between QRSAs are relatively small, there was evidence of concordance with reported inter-quadrant patterns of susceptibility to retinal breaks associated with PVD. The data allow AL to be converted to QRSAs, which will assist further

  3. Semenic Mountains’ alpine skiing area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petru BANIAȘ

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The present paper presents, after a short history of alpine skiing which describes apparition, necessity, utility and universality of skiing during time, a comparative study referring to the alpine skiing domain in the Semenic Mountains area. In the paper are also presented general notions about alpine skiing methodology together with an ample description of the plateau area form Semenic Mountains, describing localization and touristic potential. Based on the SWOT analysis made for each slope, was realized a complex analysis of the entire skiing domain, an analysis which includes technical, financial, climatic and environmental aspects, along with an analysis of the marketing policy applied for the specific zone.

  4. AGUA TIBIA PRIMITIVE AREA, CALIFORNIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irwin, William P.; Thurber, Horace K.

    1984-01-01

    The Agua Tibia Primitive Area in southwestern California is underlain by igneous and metamorphic rocks that are siilar to those widely exposed throughout much of the Peninsular Ranges. To detect the presence of any concealed mineral deposits, samples of stream sediments were collected along the various creeks that head in the mountain. As an additional aid in evaluating the mineral potential, an aeromagnetic survey was made and interpreted. A search for records of past or existing mining claims within the primitive area was made but none was found. Evidence of deposits of metallic or nonmetallic minerals was not seen during the study.

  5. Coastal Geomorphology of Selinunte area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liguori, Vincenzo; Porcaro, A.

    2010-05-01

    Coast erosion is a widespread phenomenon, resulting a considerable issue for the dwellers of the coastal areas today. Our study is based on the archaeological area of Selinunte in which we have noticed a process of erosion in progress. Particularly, in this area we have considered a coast portion around 8 Km long, since our purpose is the individuation of anthropic elements as ports and natural elements as rivers. In this area we have set some point of reference using historical and recent cartography as paper in 1:25.000 scale dated back to 1971, regional technical paper in 1: 10.000 scale since 1994, and aerial pictures since 2000 and 2008, that we have geo-related starting from previously geo-related paper, locating some Ground Control Point visible in all the considered paper. We have used a GIS support and the software program ARCVIEW. We have done a comparison between the actual shoreline and its trend in the previous years. In fact we have measured the distance between the points considered stable in the space and traceable in every used graphic support and the shoreline, that is changing in the time. In this way we have noticed the course of the coastline, appraising its advancement or withdrawal. The obtained data show that considering 24 stable points, in the 70% of cases there has been coast withdrawal since 1994 to 2000; in the 60% there has been erosion since 2000 to 2008. From the administrative point of view, the studied area includes the territory of Castelvetrano (TP) and involves a coastline extending around 8 Km, from the beach of Triscina-Selinunte, fraction of Castelvetrano, until east of the river Belice's mouth. This extension has been defined how thoroughly as possible, in order to include the river Belice, east of the archaeological park. The two analyzed rivers are Belice and Modione, both belonging to the hydrographic basin River Modione and in the area between River Modione and River Belice. From the geo-morphological point of view two

  6. Bicycle traffic in urban areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anđelković Zorica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cycling is a term describing the use of bicycles, but also any mean of transport driven solely by human power. Development of bicycle traffic in urban areas involves construction of cycling infrastructure, adapting streets and other traffic infrastructure to a form suitable for cycling and other means of transport (individual motorized traffic, public transport, walking, ensuring the adequate budget and systematic planning and development of sustainable transport in cities. The paper presents basic settings and conditions as input elements to plan bicycle traffic in urban areas, as well as program- design conditions which lead the activities of planners and designers of urban roads in connection with cyclists.

  7. Student empowerment through 'Area Analysis'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hoven, R; de Boer, E

    As a result of the teaching quality assessment at the Faculty of Spatial Sciences in Groningen (Netherlands), the course 'Gebiedsanalyse' (Area Analysis) was set up in spring 1998. The aim was to provide an opportunity for the development of transferable and geographical skills in the context of a

  8. Critical Areas in Sports Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morehouse, C. A., Ed.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Four articles examine important aspects of sport safety. Topics include: (1) risks of eye injuries in racquet sports and preventive measures; (2) ways to reduce gymnastics injuries; (3) safety in training areas; and (4) risk-management strategies to avoid legal liability. Guidelines for teachers are given. (PP)

  9. Upgrading of the West Area

    CERN Multimedia

    1983-01-01

    The rejigged main hall (EHW1) in the West Area: on background, below the crane, is the brown yoke of the Omega magnet which had been resited. The upgrading was completed by the time in July when 400 GeV protons arrived. See Annual Report 1983 p. 107.

  10. Progress on large area GEMs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte Pinto, S.; Villa, M.; Alfonsi, M.; Brock, I.; Croci, G.; David, E.; de Oliveira, R.; Ropelewski, L.; van Stenis, M.

    2009-12-01

    In 2008, a triple GEM detector prototype with an area of ~ 2000 cm2 has been constructed, based on foils of 66 × 66 cm. GEMs of such dimensions had not been made before, and innovations to the existing technology were introduced to build this detector. This paper discusses these innovations and presents further work on large area GEM development. A single-mask technique overcomes the cumbersome practice of alignment of two masks, which limits the achievable lateral size. The holes obtained with this technique are conical, and have a so-called rim, a small insulating clearance around the hole in the substrate. Further refinements of this technique allow greater control over the shape of holes and the size of rims. Also, an improvement in homogeneity over large areas is expected. Simulation studies have been done to examine the effect of hole shape on the behavior of GEMs. Such studies can help understanding how to use new enhancements of the technique to optimize performance. Many potential applications for large area GEMs foresee large production volumes. Production issues have been studied, and single-mask GEMs turn out to be much more suitable for large scale production than standard GEMs.

  11. An Alternative Triangle Area Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shockey, T. L.; Zhang, P.; Brosnan, P.

    2016-01-01

    We explore the mathematics engagement of a group of mathematics coaches, working in k-12 mathematics education. The incenter of a triangle is used to derive an alternative formula for the area of a triangle inspired by Usiskin, Peressini, Marhisotto, and Stanley (2002).

  12. Study area description: Chapter 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Mary M.; Leu, Matthias; Hanser, Steven E.; Leu, Matthias; Knick, Steven T.; Aldridge, Cameron L.

    2011-01-01

    The boundary for the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment (WBEA) was largely determined by the co-occurrence of some of the largest tracts of intact sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) remaining in the western United States with areas of increasing resource extraction. The WBEA area includes two ecoregions in their entirety, Wyoming Basins and Utah-Wyoming Rocky Mountains, and portions of two others (Southern Rocky Mountains and Middle Rockies-Blue Mountains). Over half the study area is in Wyoming; the remainder includes parts of Colorado, Utah, Idaho, and Montana. Private landowners manage most (33.1%) of the land base in the WBEA, followed by the U.S. Forest Service (27.3%) and U.S. Bureau of Land Management (25.6%). Sagebrush is the dominant land cover type in the study area, totaling >130,000 km2 ; nearly half the sagebrush in the WBEA is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. Sagebrush in the WBEA faces many potential threats that also influence the broader sagebrush ecosystem. Climate change, drought, land-use practices (e.g., livestock grazing, oil and gas development), and human development have eliminated and fragmented the sagebrush ecosystem, altered fire regimes, and accelerated the invasion of exotic plants such as cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum). Less than 2% of sagebrush in the WBEA is permanently protected from land cover conversion.

  13. Michigan's Fourth Forest Inventory: Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    John S. Jr. Spencer

    1983-01-01

    The fourth inventory of Michigan's forest resources found 17.5 million acres of commercial forest, down 7% from the 18.9 million found in 1966. This bulletin analyzes findings from the inventory and presents detailed tables of forest area.

  14. Undervalued Areas in Public Librarianship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houghton, Neville, Ed.

    Public librarians met at a workshop in Albury, Australia on September 19 and 20, 1970 to discuss areas in which they tend to undervalue their responsibility to the community. The following papers were presented, and appear in this volume: (1) Extension activities for children, (2) Youth, (3) The film society and the public library, (4) The…

  15. Study area description: Chapter 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Mary M.; Leu, Matthias; Hanser, Steven E.; Leu, Matthias; Knick, Steven T.; Aldridge, Cameron L.

    2011-01-01

    The boundary for the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment (WBEA) was largely determined by the co-occurrence of some of the largest tracts of intact sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) remaining in the western United States with areas of increasing resource extraction. The WBEA area includes two ecoregions in their entirety, Wyoming Basins and Utah-Wyoming Rocky Mountains, and portions of two others (Southern Rocky Mountains and Middle Rockies-Blue Mountains). Over half the study area is in Wyoming; the remainder includes parts of Colorado, Utah, Idaho, and Montana. Private landowners manage most (33.1%) of the land base in the WBEA, followed by the U.S. Forest Service (27.3%) and U.S. Bureau of Land Management (25.6%). Sagebrush is the dominant land cover type in the study area, totaling >130,000 km2; nearly half the sagebrush in the WBEA is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. Sagebrush in the WBEA faces many potential threats that also influence the broader sagebrush ecosystem. Climate change, drought, land-use practices (e.g., livestock grazing, oil and gas development), and human development have eliminated and fragmented the sagebrush ecosystem, altered fire regimes, and accelerated the invasion of exotic plants such as cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum). Less than 2% of sagebrush in the WBEA is permanently protected from land cover conversion.

  16. Planning approaches for rurban areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busck, Anne Gravsholt; Hidding, Marjan; Kristensen, Søren Bech Pilgaard

    2009-01-01

    encroachment, and how resilient green landscapes are ensured. The results reveal significant differences in approaches, reflecting variations in the public involvement in rurban areas development, the role of different administrative levels and the use of zonation. Variation in the use of zonation encapsulates...

  17. Main challenges of residential areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Luca

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The present article is a position paper aiming to initiate a professional debate related to the aspects related to the urban dysfunctions leading to the wear of the residential areas. The paper proposes a definition of the wear process, identify the main causes leading to its occurrence and propose a number of solutions to neutralise the dysfunctions. The three wearing phases of residential areas components are emphasized, exploring their lifecycle. In order to perform the study of urban wear, the status of the residential areas components can be established and monitored, and also the variables of the function that can mathematically model the specific wear process may be considered. The paper is considered a first step for the model adjustment, to be tested and validated in the following steps. Based on the mathematical method and model, there can be created, in a potential future research, the possibility of determining the precarity degree for residential areas/neighbourhoods and cities, by minimising the subjective component of the analyses preceding the decision for renovation or regeneration.

  18. 47 CFR 27.6 - Service areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service areas. 27.6 Section 27.6... COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES General Information § 27.6 Service areas. (a) WCS service areas include Economic Areas (EAs), Major Economic Areas (MEAs), Regional Economic Area Groupings (REAGs), cellular markets...

  19. Critical areas: Satellite power systems concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    Critical Areas are defined and discussed in the various areas pertinent to satellite power systems. The presentation is grouped into five areas (General, Space Systems, Solar Energy Conversion, Microwave Systems, and Environment/Ecology) with a sixth area (Power Relay) considered separately in an appendix. Areas for Future Consideration as critical areas are discussed in a second appendix.

  20. Dosimetry arches surgical area; Dosimetria de area en arcos quirurgicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos Pacho, J. A.; Verde Velasco, J. M.; Fernandez Bordes, M.; Hernandez Rodriguez, J.; Gomez Llorente, P. L.; Martin Rincon, C.; Montes fuentes, C.; Garcia Repiso, S.; Sena Espinel, E. de; Martin Nunez, J.

    2011-07-01

    Although the Radiological Protection Service assigned personal dosimetry to all exposed workers (TE.) and this is independent of the classification of ET., Recognizes, also, the difficulties found in controlling the proper use of dosimeters by many professionals, and therefore launched a control program area at all doses and each X-ray equipment for fixed and mobile surgical arch of all health facilities that fall within our department, of which presents the results after two years of experience.

  1. Multitemporal burnt area mapping using Landsat 8: merging multiple burnt area indices to highlight burnt areas

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Vhengani, L

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available gases. These, makes the study of wildfires important. The study of fires is in three phases. Firstly it is forecasting, which uses Fire Danger Index (FDI), secondly it is the mapping of active fires and thirdly, the mapping of burnt areas to access...

  2. GRAVITY PROSPECTING IN PLATFORM AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Željko Zagorac

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available The problem of ambiguity in the interpretation of gravity in platform areas is analised. A theoretical example is given, presenting ambiguity in the determination of depth and position of faults, even when the form of structures is known. It has been concluded, that the best method of gravity interpretation is the construction of the map and profiles showing the depths of horizon where there is the strongest density contrast. An example is given from the Sultana area in Jordan, where the gravity map is converted into the maps of »quantitative regional« and »true residual«, by means of drilling data. Interpretation of the residual by the method of gravity modelling resulted in the construction of the map of structures and depths of the density contrast horizon, with the positions and throws of the main faults.

  3. An Incomplete Optimal Currency Area

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dreyer, Johannes Kabderian; Graversen, Mads Byskov

    2014-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to test if the Eurozone a decade after its launch can be considered an optimal currency area (OCA) as defined by Mundell (1961). In an OCA, asymmetric shocks – as the ones experienced by the Eurozone following the recent financial crisis – may be dampened by two...... instruments: fiscal transfers from one country to another, or migration. As fiscal transfers in the Eurozone are low, we study the economic significance of migration flows as automatic stabilizers of the currency area. We assume that there is a strong relationship between unemployment and relative wealth...... on migration rates. We use panel regressions to test these relationships and find out that migration between member states is very low after the Euro’s first decade. Combined with the lack of significant fiscal transfers we conclude that the currency union is still not an OCA....

  4. Speleogenesis in Dinaric karst area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garasic, Mladen; Garasic, Davor

    2015-04-01

    Dinaric Karst is one of the largest karst regions in Europe and in the World. It is the paramount karst of Europe and type site of many karst features. Dinaric Karst Area covers an extensive part of the Dinarides, a mountain chain in Southern Europe named after Dinara Mt., an impressive and outstanding rocky wall on the border between Dalmatian part of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Dinaric Karst occupies an area from the Friuli Plain (Doberdo Karst Plateau) and Slovenian mountains near Postojna cave on the northwest, to Skadar Lake and Prokletije Mt. on the southeast, from Central Bosnian Mountains on the northeast, and the Adriatic Sea seafloor with its islands. The Dinarides outspread in a so-called "Dinaric strike" (NW-SE) for 650 km in length and are up to 150 km wide across SW-NE. The biggest part of the Dinaric Karst Area is situated within Croatian territory (continental, Adriatic coastal and seafloor karst) comprising all karst features with exceptional examples exposed on the surface as well as in the underground. Classical karst area is the one situated in Slovenia, where typical karst features were described for the first time. Presentation of the outstanding values of Dinaric karst is based on the values that can be met in Italy, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Albania, too. Dinaric Karst is the World's natural heritage because of its unique and outstanding geological characteristics and its living world; some of them are of outstanding natural beauty. Dinaric karst is an integral, compact karst area with extremely great thickness of carbonate rocks of predominantly Mesozoic age which in some areas exceeds 8.000 m. It bears several cycles of karstification thus giving world uniqueness to the area, especially regarding the wealth of submerged karst phenomena, among which vruljes are world unique features. Dinaric karst is one of the largest karst regions in the World. From the scientific perspective, the Dinaric Karst is one of

  5. Minerals safeguarding areas for Warwickshire

    OpenAIRE

    Hannis, S.D.; Brown, T J

    2009-01-01

    This report describes work carried out by the British Geological Survey on behalf of Warwickshire County Council to delineate its Minerals Safeguarding Areas. This is in accordance with the methodology outlined in “A guide to mineral safeguarding in England” (McEvoy et al., 2007), which is in line with the Communities and Local Government document, Mineral Policy Statement 1: Planning and Minerals. This was released in November 2006 and it introduces the obligation on all Miner...

  6. Innovation investment area: Technology summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-03-01

    The mission of Environmental Management`s (EM) Office of Technology Development (OTD) Innovation Investment Area is to identify and provide development support for two types of technologies that are developed to characterize, treat and dispose of DOE waste, and to remediate contaminated sites. They are: technologies that show promise to address specific EM needs, but require proof-of-principle experimentation; and (2) already proven technologies in other fields that require critical path experimentation to demonstrate feasibility for adaptation to specific EM needs. The underlying strategy is to ensure that private industry, other Federal Agencies, universities, and DOE National Laboratories are major participants in developing and deploying new and emerging technologies. To this end, about 125 different new and emerging technologies are being developed through Innovation Investment Area`s (IIA) two program elements: RDDT&E New Initiatives (RD01) and Interagency Agreements (RD02). Both of these activities are intended to foster research and development partnerships so as to introduce innovative technologies into other OTD program elements for expedited evaluation.

  7. Area Selective Polymer Brush Deposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummins, Cian; Shaw, Matthew T; Morris, Michael A

    2017-08-01

    Polymer brush films with chemical functionality to attach to site specific substrate areas are introduced for area selective deposition (ASD) application. It is demonstrated that polymer brushes with chemically defined end sites can be selectively bound to copper-specific regions of patterned copper/silica (Cu/SiO2 ) substrates. The process described overcomes various limitations of currently used technology including cost, complexity, and throughput, with potential implications for future electronic devices and nanomanufacturing. A comparative study of amine-terminated polystyrene and amine-terminated poly-2-vinyl pyridine polymer brushes (i.e., PS-NH2 and P2VP-NH2 ) with similar molecular weights display contrasting behavior on patterned Cu/SiO2 line features. Further, a thiol terminated poly-2-vinyl pyridine polymer brush (i.e., P2VP-SH) is investigated as a direct spin-on process to fabricate a metal oxide layer atop Cu areas only. The results presented here detail a novel methodology and open a new exciting process for ASD practices that can facilitate the precise deposition of dense metal, semiconductor, or dielectric films. We also discuss the applicability of polymer brushes to ASD uses going forward. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  8. Progress on large area GEMs

    CERN Document Server

    Pinto, Serge Duarte; Alfonsi, Matteo; Brock, Ian; Croci, Gabriele; David, Eric; De Oliveira, Rui; Ropelewski, Leszek; van Stenis, Miranda

    2009-01-01

    In 2008, a triple GEM detector prototype with an area of ~2000 cm2 has been constructed, based on foils of 66*66 cm. GEMs of such dimensions had not been made before, and innovations to the existing technology were introduced to build this detector. This paper discusses these innovations and presents further work on large area GEM development. A single-mask technique overcomes the cumbersome practice of alignment of two masks, which limits the achievable lateral size. The holes obtained with this technique are conical, and have a so-called rim, a small insulating clearance around the hole in the substrate. Further refinements of this technique allow greater control over the shape of holes and the size of rims. Also, an improvement in homogeneity over large areas is expected. Simulation studies have been done to examine the effect of hole shape on the behavior of GEMs. Such studies can help understanding how to use new enhancements of the technique to optimize performance. Many potential applications for large...

  9. 47 CFR 101.64 - Service areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service areas. 101.64 Section 101.64... Service areas. Service areas for 38.6-40.0 GHz service are Economic Areas (EAs) as defined below. EAs are.... Additionally, there are four EA-like areas: Guam and Northern Mariana Islands; Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin...

  10. 9 CFR 82.3 - Quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quarantined areas. 82.3 Section 82.3...) AND CHLAMYDIOSIS Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) § 82.3 Quarantined areas. (a) Any area where birds or poultry infected with END are located will be designated as a quarantined area. A quarantined area is any...

  11. 33 CFR 156.310 - Prohibited areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Prohibited areas. 156.310 Section... the Gulf of Mexico § 156.310 Prohibited areas. Lightering operations are prohibited within the following areas in the Gulf of Mexico: (a) Claypile—prohibited area. This prohibited area consists of the...

  12. 47 CFR 24.202 - Service areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service areas. 24.202 Section 24.202... SERVICES Broadband PCS § 24.202 Service areas. Broadband PCS service areas are Major Trading Areas (MTAs) and Basic Trading Areas (BTAs) as defined in this section. MTAs and BTAs are based on the Rand McNally...

  13. 10 CFR 850.26 - Regulated areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Regulated areas. 850.26 Section 850.26 Energy DEPARTMENT... Regulated areas. (a) If airborne concentrations of beryllium in areas in DOE facilities are measured at or above the action level, the responsible employer must establish regulated areas for those areas. (b) The...

  14. 7 CFR 25.503 - Rural areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rural areas. 25.503 Section 25.503 Agriculture Office....503 Rural areas. (a) What constitutes “rural”. A rural area may consist of any area that lies outside the boundaries of a Metropolitan Area, as designated by the Office of Management and Budget, or, is an...

  15. 47 CFR 101.1401 - Service areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service areas. 101.1401 Section 101.1401... Service areas. Multichannel Video Distribution and Data Service (MVDDS) is licensed on the basis of Designated Market Areas (DMAs). The 214 DMA service areas are based on the 210 Designated Market Areas...

  16. RAINWATER MANAGEMENT IN PROTECTED AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wioletta Żarnowiec

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to find out whether the climate of the southern Poland allows for removing rainwater from industrial areas by evaporation from roof surfaces. The study covered the premises of a Logistics Centre with an approximate area of 34 hectares, located in the catchment of the Wedonka stream and in the region of water intake for Kraków at the Rudawa river. In the future, the Centre will comprise nine large warehouses. Road traffic associated with the project will cause potential risks for groundwater and surface water of this protected area. Therefore, the Centre’s investor decided to evaporate rainwater from the premises. To establish advisability of this plan, the study team designed and built a unique experimental station consisting of experimental roof, tank for collecting water for the sprinkler system, system for delivering, distributing and discharging water from the roof, measuring tilt tray, automatic meteorological station, and electronic devices for recording measurement data. The research on the experimental station was carried out from April to October in 2011 and 2012 and included continuous measurements of the volume of water supplied to and discharged from the roof. Moreover, the temperature of the roof and water in the tank and a number of important meteorological parameters were measured. The difference between supplied and discharged water, divided by the wetted surface of the roof, helped to determine thickness of the evaporation layer in millimeters. The study confirmed the possibility of removing potentially contaminated rainwater by evaporating it from roof surfaces of the Logistics Centre located near Kraków at an average rate of 5.9 dm3·m–2.d–1. However, due to high seasonal variability of rainfall and air temperature, it is necessary to temporarily collect water in an expansion tank of suitable capacity.

  17. Surgery on motor area metastasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetto, Marta; Ciccarino, Pietro; Lombardi, Giuseppe; Rolma, Giuseppe; Cecchin, Diego; Della Puppa, Alessandro

    2016-01-01

    The role of surgery on central area metastasis remains unclear, and outcome data are still controversial. The aim of our study is to analyze the predictive value of clinical and surgical data on motor and functional outcome of patients, taking into account new emerging data on boundary irregularity of brain metastasis. We retrospectively analyzed 47 consecutive patients who underwent surgery assisted by neurophysiologic monitoring for a solitary metastasis in central area between 2010 and 2013. Inclusion criteria were as follows: good functional status (Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) ≥70), controlled systemic disease, and absence of extra-cranial dissemination. At 1-month follow up, motor and functional outcomes were compared with preoperative clinical status, response to corticosteroids, extent of tumor resection, boundary irregularity, and size of tumor. Gross total resection was achieved in 93.6% of cases. In preoperative symptomatic patients, motor outcome (according to Medical Research Council grading scale) improved in 55.5% and worsened in 16.7%, while functional outcome (according to KPS score) improved in 50% and worsened in 14.2% of cases. No worsening occurred in preoperative asymptomatic patients. Motor outcome resulted to be not correlated with preoperative deficits, tumor volume, or preoperative response to corticosteroid treatment. Remarkably, motor outcome and extent of surgical resection appeared strongly correlated with tumor boundary irregularity (p < 0.05). Surgery with neurophysiologic monitoring on motor area metastasis can improve functional and motor condition in selected patients. Tumor volume does not represent a limit in surgery. The high correlation between clinical outcome, resection rate, and tumor boundary irregularity strengthens a new belief on the infiltrative growing pattern of brain metastasis. Motor function was evaluated according to Medical Research Council grading scale (Ott et al. 2014) while functional status was

  18. Diabetic education in rural areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maez, L; Erickson, L; Naumuk, L

    2014-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus type II is a growing concern in the USA, with 6% of the population diagnosed with diabetes and another 5% having pre-diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes is 17% higher in rural areas than in central cities{1}. Adult diabetics living in rural areas often see negative outcomes related to their limited access to care, cultural barriers, and lack of educational resources. This article seeks to evaluate best evidence-based strategies directed at improving diabetic outcomes of rural populations through hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) reductions. A search of Medline, CIHNAL, PubMed, and Sage Pub was undertaken. The search was structured around the following key terms: adult, diabetes, education, hemoglobin a1c, and rural. The search limits were set to English-language publications between 2004 and 2012 in industrialized countries. Only articles from scholarly, peer-reviewed publications were considered. Literature that used an inpatient setting, focused on children or adolescents, and did not meet any inclusion criteria were excluded from this review. A total of 15 articles met the selection criteria from the 1819 citations sourced from the search. After reviewing the sources, nutritional patient education, motivational counseling and lifestyle modifications were found to be the most influential factors that favorably changed measurable outcomes for this population. Education for providers did not have an appreciable effect on patient outcomes. This review adds to the literature by outlining best-practice guidelines for evidence-based practice based on current research. Primary care providers in rural areas should encourage their patients to actively participate in diabetes education when possible, and provide this education in a culturally competent manner.

  19. Home area networks and IPTV

    CERN Document Server

    Rémy, Jean-Gabriel

    2013-01-01

    The field of Home Area Networks (HAN), a dedicated residential subset of LAN technologies for home-based use, is fast becoming the next frontier for the communications industry.This book describes the various technologies involved in the implementation of a HAN: high-speed Internet connections, indoor implementations, services, software, and management packages. It also reviews multimedia applications (which are increasingly the most important and complex aspects of most HANs) with a detailed description of IPTV technology. It highlights the main technologies used for HANs: information tra

  20. Area-normalized thematic views

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keahey, T.A.

    1998-10-01

    This paper presents a novel technique for dealing with a classic problem that frequently arises in visualization. Very expressive nonlinear transformations can be automatically generated to correct thematic maps so that the areas of map regions are proportional to the thematic variables assigned to them. This helps to eliminate one of the most commonly occurring visual lies that occurs in information visualization. Thematic variables are commonly used in cartography to encode additional information within the spatial layout of a map. Common examples of thematic variables are population density, pollution level and birth rate. The method is illustrated with two examples, mapping interstate speed limits and presidential election results.

  1. Project analysis and integration area

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    The objective of the Project Analysis and Integration Area (PA&I) is to support the planning, analysis, integration, and decision making activities of the Flat-plate Solar Array FSA) Project. Accordingly, PA&I supports the Project by developing and documenting Project plans based, in part, on the technical and economic assessments performed by PA&I of the various technical options. Goals for module technical performance and costs, derived from National Photovoltaics Program goals, are established by PA&I for each of the major technical activities in the Project. Assessments of progress toward achievement of goals are made to guide decision making within the Project.

  2. Large area and flexible electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Caironi, Mario

    2015-01-01

    From materials to applications, this ready reference covers the entire value chain from fundamentals via processing right up to devices, presenting different approaches to large-area electronics, thus enabling readers to compare materials, properties and performance.Divided into two parts, the first focuses on the materials used for the electronic functionality, covering organic and inorganic semiconductors, including vacuum and solution-processed metal-oxide semiconductors, nanomembranes and nanocrystals, as well as conductors and insulators. The second part reviews the devices and applicatio

  3. Intelligent Carpooling in rural areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerholm, Niels; Møller, Jørgen

    2015-01-01

    Rural transportation is facing the challenges of the required mobility increasing and the public transportation parallel being limited to a deficient level. A new mobility application (app) based on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), called Intelligent Carpooling, can be a significant contributor...... to mitigate these challenges. This system uses ITS to plan and coordinate carpooling. A study in two Danish rural areas found that a markedly part of residents are interesting in Intelligent Carpooling, but also that they require knowledge of whom they are driving with and as well as planning the carpooling...

  4. Summary of Synoptic Meteorological Observations. Indonesian Coastal Marine Areas. Volume 1. Area 1 - Southeast Sumatra. Area 2 - Christmas Island. Area 3 - Sunda Strait. Area 4 - Northwest Java Sea. Area 5 - Bangka Island Northwest. Area 6 - Natuna Island. Area 7 - Sarawak

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-04-01

    N *. AAAAAAA AAAAAA AAAAAAAAAA A 0) 0 OD 0 C . C N N NqCl Cli t- N t C it- N - :3 wU2 tD ( t-- 1 OD00)M0) ,.4-1 m -1 14 14 ’. 4,4.-r 0 00 00 0000...55 6 8o 109 PABE IS? OC¶OMER PEkIODI (PRIMARY) 1863-1971 AREA 0002 CHRISTMAS ISLAND COVE-AILL) 1654-1971 7ABLE 17 1O.OS 105.01 POT FRSO 08 AIR TD ...ZC.RE\\’E -f 9.^S l.ITý:L! PRECIPITATION% VS AIR-SEA TEHPERA!. J8E DI;FERENCE IOSG Fi 429.000 73 77 81 t9 89 0T .T - YOP :1; 78 80 84 66 92 C 8 .0 .0 .C .0

  5. IMAGE INTERPRETATION OF COASTAL AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Lazaridou

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Coasts were formed with the overall shape of earth's surface. Τhey represent a landform, as determined by the science of geomorphology. Being the boundary between land and sea, they present important features – particularities such as water currents, waves, winds, estuaries, drainage network, pollution etc. Coasts are examined at various levels: continents – oceans, states – large seas, as for example Mediterranean Sea. Greece, because of its horizontal and vertical partitioning, presents great extent and variety of coasts as mainland, peninsulas and islands. Depending on geomorphology, geology, soils, hydrology, land use of the inland and the coasts themselves, these are very diverse. Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (defined by Statute II of ISPRS is the art, science, and technology of obtaining reliable information from non-contact imaging and other sensor systems about the Earth and its environment, and other physical objects and of processes through recording, measuring, analyzing and representation. This paper concerns critical considerations on the above. It also includes the case of Thessaloniki coasts in Greece, particularly river estuaries areas (river delta. The study of coastal areas of the wide surroundings of Thessaloniki city includes visual image interpretation – digital image processing techniques on satellite data of high spatial resolution.

  6. Orthographic Contamination of Broca's Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montant, Marie; Schön, Daniele; Anton, Jean-Luc; Ziegler, Johannes C

    2011-01-01

    Strong evidence has accumulated over the past years suggesting that orthography plays a role in spoken language processing. It is still unclear, however, whether the influence of orthography on spoken language results from a co-activation of posterior brain areas dedicated to low-level orthographic processing or whether it results from orthographic restructuring of phonological representations located in the anterior perisylvian speech network itself. To test these hypotheses, we ran a fMRI study that tapped orthographic processing in the visual and auditory modalities. As a marker for orthographic processing, we used the orthographic decision task in the visual modality and the orthographic consistency effect in the auditory modality. Results showed no specific orthographic activation neither for the visual nor the auditory modality in left posterior occipito-temporal brain areas that are thought to host the visual word form system. In contrast, specific orthographic activation was found both for the visual and auditory modalities at anterior sites belonging to the perisylvian region: the left dorsal-anterior insula and the left inferior frontal gyrus. These results are in favor of the restructuring hypothesis according to which learning to read acts like a "virus" that permanently contaminates the spoken language system.

  7. Geodiversity assessment in urban areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilic, Marina; Stojković, Sanja; Rundić, Ljupko; Ćalić, Jelena; Sandić, Dejan

    2017-04-01

    Conflict over natural resources figured prominently in the urban areas. On the one hand there is a constant need for space for the construction of new buildings for housing, agriculture and industrial production, and on the other hand the resources need protection because of the threat of degradation or even complete destruction. Considering the fact that urbanization is one of the most serious threats to geodiversity, it is important that this issue is taken into account in spatial development plans and georesource management strategies in urban areas. The geodiversity, as well as natural resource, must be managed in a sustainable manner in which it is very important its protection. The mapping of specific categories of geodiversity (geological, geomorphological, hydrological and soil) on the basis of quantitative assessment with the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can allow spatial planners and managers to take further steps that would reduce threats and protect the natural values. This work presents the application of geodiversity evaluation method by using the geodiversity index (Gd), based on the quantity of abiotic elements and relief roughness within a spatial unit in the case of the City of Belgrade, Serbia. The acquired results are analyzed in the context of sustainable use of georesources and the threats to which geodiversity is exposed due to the development of the city.

  8. Wide area continuous offender monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoshen, J. [Lucent Technologies (United States); Drake, G. [New Mexico Dept. of Corrections, Santa Fe, NM (United States); Spencer, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-11-01

    The corrections system in the U.S. is supervising over five million offenders. This number is rising fast and so are the direct and indirect costs to society. To improve supervision and reduce the cost of parole and probation, first generation home arrest systems were introduced in 1987. While these systems proved to be helpful to the corrections system, their scope is rather limited because they only cover an offender at a single location and provide only a partial time coverage. To correct the limitations of first-generation systems, second-generation wide area continuous electronic offender monitoring systems, designed to monitor the offender at all times and locations, are now on the drawing board. These systems use radio frequency location technology to track the position of offenders. The challenge for this technology is the development of reliable personal locator devices that are small, lightweight, with long operational battery life, and indoors/outdoors accuracy of 100 meters or less. At the center of a second-generation system is a database that specifies the offender`s home, workplace, commute, and time the offender should be found in each. The database could also define areas from which the offender is excluded. To test compliance, the system would compare the observed coordinates of the offender with the stored location for a given time interval. Database logfiles will also enable law enforcement to determine if a monitored offender was present at a crime scene and thus include or exclude the offender as a potential suspect.

  9. Regionally Significant Ecological Areas - MLCCS derived 2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This is an analysis of regionally significant Terrestrial and Wetland Ecological Areas in the seven county metropolitan area. Individual forest, grassland and...

  10. Central Region Regionally Ecological Significant Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This is an analysis of regionally significant Terrestrial and Wetland Ecological Areas in the seven county metropolitan area. Individual forest, grassland and...

  11. Molecular area effects in Cepaea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochman, H; Jones, J S; Selander, R K

    1983-07-01

    Enzyme polymorphisms in the land snail Cepaea nemoralis in the central Pyrenees show concordant geographic patterns of strong differentiation that are not correlated with the distributions of characters of shell color and banding or with the major pattern of variation in climate and vegetation type. Three regions of relative genetic uniformity separated by steep clines in allele frequencies are designated as "molecular area effects." A model of allopatric differentiation of populations in temporary geographic isolation during the last period of Pleistocene glaciation, followed by invasion of the Pyrenees and hybridization in secondary contact, is proposed to account for the present-day pattern of genetic differentiation. The genetic structure of the Pyrenean populations of C. nemoralis is not interpretable in terms of stasipatric or parapatric models of speciation.

  12. Pythagorean triangles of equal areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malvina Baica

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available The main intent in this paper is to find triples of Rational Pythagorean Triangles (abbr. RPT having equal areas. A new method of solving a2+ab+b2=c2 is to set a=y−1, b=y+1, y∈N−{0,1} and get Pell's equation c2−3y2=1. To solve a2−ab−b2=c2, we set a=12(y+1, b=y−1, y≥2, y∈N and get a corresponding Pell's equation. The infinite number of solutions in Pell's equation gives rise to an infinity of solutions to a2±ab+b2=c2. From this fact the following theorems are proved.

  13. Food allergies in rural areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoma, Monika; Ślaska-Grzywna, Beata; Kostecka, Małgorzata; Bojanowska, Monika; Dudziak, Agnieszka; Kuna-Broniowska, Agnieszka; Adamczuk, Piotr; Sobczak, Paweł; Andrejko, Dariusz

    2016-01-01

    Introduction A food allergy is a group of symptoms occurring in the organism and resulting from consuming some food, where the problems are conditioned by immunological mechanisms. The symptoms may become apparent first in adulthood and they may be an initial manifestation of a latent allergy. Typical symptoms of a food allergy occur in different organs, thus not only in the digestive system, but also in the skin, respiratory system and circulatory system. Aim To assess the frequency of food allergy onset in rural areas of the Lublin region as well as to determine which factors induce such allergies. Material and methods A survey was conducted, involving the participation of 340 inhabitants of rural areas. The study monitored the knowledge and situation of the disease, concerning allergens, allergy symptoms, methods of treatment and opinions regarding such treatment. Results The analysis focused on 124 people with diagnosed allergies. Conclusions Introducing a diet did not result in a statistically significant difference regarding elimination of the symptoms, as compared to the patients who did not follow any diet. On the other hand, pharmacological treatment causes statistically worse results than using other methods or not being treated at all. The patients in whom allergy symptoms disappeared were more convinced about the positive character of their diet than those in whom the symptoms were not eliminated. The age when the allergy becomes evident does not affect its duration, yet it matters as to the time of its later elimination. The more symptoms were experienced by a patient, the longer the duration of the allergy was. PMID:27605899

  14. Ashland Area Support Substation Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-06-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides wholesale electric service to the City of Ashland (the City) by transferring power over Pacific Power Light Company's (PP L) 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission lines and through PP L's Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. The City distributes power over a 12.5-kV system which is heavily loaded during winter peak periods and which has reached the limit of its ability to serve peak loads in a reliable manner. Peak loads under normal winter conditions have exceeded the ratings of the transformers at both the Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. In 1989, the City modified its distribution system at the request of PP L to allow transfer of three megawatts (MW's) of electric power from the overloaded Ashland Substation to the Oak Knoll Substation. In cooperation with PP L, BPA installed a temporary 6-8 megavolt-amp (MVA) 115-12.5-kV transformer for this purpose. This additional transformer, however, is only a temporary remedy. BPA needs to provide additional, reliable long-term service to the Ashland area through additional transformation in order to keep similar power failures from occurring during upcoming winters in the Ashland area. The temporary installation of another 20-MVA mobile transformer at the Ashland Substation and additional load curtailment are currently being studied to provide for sustained electrical service by the peak winter period 1992. Two overall electrical plans-of-service are described and evaluated in this report. One of them is proposed for action. Within that proposed plan-of-service are location options for the substation. Note that descriptions of actions that may be taken by the City of Ashland are based on information provided by them.

  15. Safety analysis, 200 Area, Savannah River Plant: Separations area operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perkins, W.C.; Lee, R.; Allen, P.M.; Gouge, A.P.

    1991-07-01

    The nev HB-Line, located on the fifth and sixth levels of Building 221-H, is designed to replace the aging existing HB-Line production facility. The nev HB-Line consists of three separate facilities: the Scrap Recovery Facility, the Neptunium Oxide Facility, and the Plutonium Oxide Facility. There are three separate safety analyses for the nev HB-Line, one for each of the three facilities. These are issued as supplements to the 200-Area Safety Analysis (DPSTSA-200-10). These supplements are numbered as Sup 2A, Scrap Recovery Facility, Sup 2B, Neptunium Oxide Facility, Sup 2C, Plutonium Oxide Facility. The subject of this safety analysis, the, Plutonium Oxide Facility, will convert nitrate solutions of {sup 238}Pu to plutonium oxide (PuO{sub 2}) powder. All these new facilities incorporate improvements in: (1) engineered barriers to contain contamination, (2) barriers to minimize personnel exposure to airborne contamination, (3) shielding and remote operations to decrease radiation exposure, and (4) equipment and ventilation design to provide flexibility and improved process performance.

  16. Geothermal resource evaluation of the Yuma area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poluianov, E.W.; Mancini, F.P.

    1985-11-29

    This report presents an evaluation of the geothermal potential of the Yuma, Arizona area. A description of the study area and the Salton Trough area is followed by a geothermal analysis of the area, a discussion of the economics of geothermal exploration and exploitation, and recommendations for further testing. It was concluded economic considerations do not favor geothermal development at this time. (ACR)

  17. 7 CFR 985.5 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 985.5 Section 985.5 Agriculture... HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL PRODUCED IN THE FAR WEST Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 985.5 Production area. Production area means all the area within the States of Washington, Idaho, Oregon, and that...

  18. A model for lightning in littoral areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blaj, M.A.; Leferink, Frank Bernardus Johannes

    2009-01-01

    The littoral or coastal areas are different compared to the maritime or continental areas considering lightning. Only the last years some research about these areas has been carried out. The need for a model, regarding the lightning activity in these areas is much needed. And now, with the changes

  19. 47 CFR 101.1315 - Service areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service areas. 101.1315 Section 101.1315... SERVICES Multiple Address Systems System License Requirements § 101.1315 Service areas. In the frequency bands not licensed on a site-by-site basis, the geographic service areas for MAS are Economic Areas (EAs...

  20. 50 CFR 648.73 - Closed areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Closed areas. 648.73 Section 648.73... Clam and Ocean Quahog Fisheries § 648.73 Closed areas. (a) Areas closed because of environmental degradation. Certain areas are closed to all surf clam and ocean quahog fishing because of adverse...

  1. 36 CFR 294.1 - Recreation areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recreation areas. 294.1 Section 294.1 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL AREAS Miscellaneous Provisions § 294.1 Recreation areas. Suitable areas of national forest land, other than wilderness...

  2. 33 CFR 151.06 - Special areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special areas. 151.06 Section 151... Pertains to Pollution from Ships General § 151.06 Special areas. (a) For the purposes of this part, the navigational descriptions of the special areas are as follows: (1) The Mediterranean Sea area means the...

  3. 30 CFR 57.11052 - Refuge areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Refuge areas. 57.11052 Section 57.11052 Mineral... Escapeways-Underground Only § 57.11052 Refuge areas. Refuge areas shall be— (a) Of fire-resistant construction, preferably in untimbered areas of the mine; (b) Large enough to accommodate readily the normal...

  4. 47 CFR 54.207 - Service areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service areas. 54.207 Section 54.207... SERVICE Carriers Eligible for Universal Service Support § 54.207 Service areas. (a) The term service area means a geographic area established by a state commission for the purpose of determining universal...

  5. 50 CFR 648.97 - Closed areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Closed areas. 648.97 Section 648.97... Multispecies and Monkfish Fisheries § 648.97 Closed areas. (a) Oceanographer Canyon Closed Area. No fishing vessel or person on a fishing vessel may enter, fish, or be in the area known as Oceanographer Canyon...

  6. 47 CFR 24.102 - Service areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service areas. 24.102 Section 24.102... SERVICES Narrowband PCS § 24.102 Service areas. Narrowband PCS service areas are nationwide, regional, and Major Trading Areas (MTAs), as defined in this section. MTAs are based on the Rand McNally 1992...

  7. 24 CFR 203.672 - Residential areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Residential areas. 203.672 Section... FAMILY MORTGAGE INSURANCE Servicing Responsibilities Occupied Conveyance § 203.672 Residential areas. (a) For the purposes of occupied conveyance considerations, a residential area is any area which...

  8. 33 CFR 183.210 - Reference areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reference areas. 183.210 Section... of More Than 2 Horsepower General § 183.210 Reference areas. (a) The forward reference area of a boat...) The aft reference area of a boat is the aft most two feet of the top surface of the hull or deck, as...

  9. 33 CFR 183.310 - Reference areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reference areas. 183.310 Section... of 2 Horsepower or Less General § 183.310 Reference areas. (a) The forward reference area of a boat... aft reference area of a boat is the aftmost two feet of the top surface of the hull or deck, as...

  10. 47 CFR 101.523 - Service areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service areas. 101.523 Section 101.523... SERVICES 24 GHz Service and Digital Electronic Message Service § 101.523 Service areas. (a) The service areas for 24 GHz are Economic Areas (EAs) as defined in this paragraph (a). The Bureau of Economic...

  11. 50 CFR 665.798 - Management area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Management area. 665.798 Section 665.798 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION....798 Management area. The western Pacific Pelagic fishery management area includes all areas of fishing...

  12. AIR POLLUTION OF URBAN AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAKAROVA V. N.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Raising of problem. Any manufacturing processes related to the generation of waste. Year after year, a growing mass of waste is one of the main factors reducing the quality of the environment and destruction of natural landscapes. Industrial development inevitably enhances human impacts on the environment and disrupts the ecological balance [3]. Atmospher air is a vital element of the environment. The development of industry, the growth of cities, increasing the number of transport, active exploration of near-Earth space lead to a change in the gas composition of the atmosphere and disruption of its natural balance. Air quality affects the health of the population [5]. Without water or food a person can do for a while, but without air he can not live a few minutes, therefore saving air breathable is an urgent problem. Purpose. The results of geological studies clearly indicate that the contamination of the surface layer of the atmosphere is the most powerful permanent factor of influence on the human food chain and the environment. This problem was reflected in the scientific literature [2; 3; 6], and the second significant indicator of ecological well-being of the region is the number of generation and accumulation of waste. According to this indicator, Dnipropetrovsk region is in the lead, as relates to the industrialized regions. The idea of the article is to consider the air pollution of the urban environment in terms of the accumulation of waste in the territory of enterprises, in particular slag dumps metallurgical production. Conclusion. Slag dumps located on the premises are a significant source of air pollution urbanized areas due to the permanent nature of the spread of contamination. Slag dump of PAT "Nikopol Ferroalloy Plant" is a source of manganese, zinc, nickel emissions. As a conclusion about the magnitude of pollution of the atmospheric boundary layer can say the following: on the border of the sanitary protection zone (SPZ, in

  13. Saraniyadhamma Community knowledge Incubator area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siripong Arundechachai

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this research were to 1 study the situation of the community knowledge incubator area at the past to the present time in Banhad,Tambon banhad, Amphoe banhad Changwat KhonKaen, 2 study guidelines Buddhadhamma “Saraniyadhamma” revised by Community knowledge application Banhad, Tambon banhad, Amphoe banhad Changwat KhonKaen, 3 study workflow of Saraniyadhamma that led to the creation of the network community knowledge incubator area together with another community. The target groups used in this research of the purposive sampling family farmers of 10, in Tambon banhad,Amphoe banhad Changwat KhonKaen. the Qualitative research.was used in this Study The results showed that 1 diversing issues in the Community live action of the relationships or occupations experience can be passed down, as well as the risk of loss the relationships between the people and people, people and supernatural. After people and nature lost in the community, but thay Continue to Perform, because community has strengths given the importance of all, to themselves, to others, generous, generosity, mounting traditions, Led to the creation Community Knowledge Incubator 2 adopting Buddhism’s “Saraniyadhamma 6” that applied to community Knowledge Incubator by giving to make immunity community. Strong The six fetures, were Principle 1: Metta-kayakamma, feature on sacrifiction, unity and synergy. Principle 2: Metta-manokamma, feature on mercifulness, collective sacrification. Principle 3: Metta-kayakamma, feature on good things, speak well, good action. Principle 4: Sadharana-bhogi, feature on humane society, mutual respect. Principle 5 Sila-samannata, feature on, follow the rules of society. Principle 5 Metta-manokamma feature on rationality, listening to the opinion of others. It found that there were process-driven learning and following six rules of saraniyadhamma, and immunity system, risk Decoupled. 3 Networks Saraniyadhamma learnt together with other

  14. Estimativa da área foliar de plantas daninhas: Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. e Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. Stapf Leaf area estimative in weeds Brachiaria decumbens Stapf and Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. Stapf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvano Bianco

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de obter uma equação que, através de parâmetros lineares dimensionais das folhas, permita a estimativa da área foliar de Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. e Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. Stapf., estudaram-se correlações entre a área foliar real (Sf e parâmetros dimensionais do limbo foliar, como o comprimento ao longo da nervura principal (C e a largura máxima (L, perpendicular à nervura principal. Todas as equações, exponenciais, geométricas ou lineares simples, permitiram boas estimativas da área foliar. Do ponto de vista prático, sugere-se optar pela equação linear simples envolvendo o produto C x L, considerando o coeficiente linear igual a zero. Desse modo, a estimativa da área foliar de B. decumbens pode ser feita pela fórmula Sf = 0,9810 x (C x L, ou seja, 98,10% do produto entre o comprimento ao longo da nervura principal e a largura máxima, enquanto que, para a B. brizantha a estimativa da área foliar pode ser feita pela fórmula SF = 0,7468 x (C x L, ou seja 74,68% do produto entre o comprimento ao longo da nervura principal e a largura máxima da folha.In order to obtain equations which make feasible the leaf area estiomate from linear measures of the leaf blade, correlation studies were done involving the real leaf blade area and main vein leaf lenght (C, maximum leaf width (L and C*L. All the equations, linear, geometric and exponential, provide good leaf area estimate for both species. In the practical sense, it is suggested the use of the simple linear equation of the regression model using the C*L parameter and taking the linear coefficient equal zero. Then, the Brachiaria decumbens leaf area can be estimate using the equation Sf = 0,9810 (C*L and the Brachiaria brizantha by using the equation Sf = 0,7468*(C*L.

  15. State machine replication for wide area networks

    OpenAIRE

    Mao, Yanhua

    2010-01-01

    State machine replication is the most general approach for providing highly available services with strong consistency guarantees. This dissertation studies protocols for implementing replicated state machines for wide area networks. First it demonstrates the challenges by comparing two protocols designed for local area networks in a cluster-based wide-area setting and shows that existing protocols designed for local area networks do not perform well in wide-area settings. A generic rotating ...

  16. Cluster development in rural areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheliazkov Georgi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The interest in creating a base-line for development patterns of clusters and clusters' specific characteristics in rural areas is particularly imposed by certain problems, which manifest themselves in similar degrees and provide a generic pattern in different regions and countries, e.g. depopulation and land abandonment, unemployment level and insufficient access to basic services and infrastructure. Certain development patterns and priorities are identified in the regional development in the old EU-members, while the member states from the Eastern parts are still partially restricted by their economic situation and political instability. This puts forth the concept of the 'integration maturity', which refers to the preparedness of each country and its capability to fully exploit the benefits and the advantages of the integration form (Palánkai, 2003, and is still applicable in terms of the economic convergence level of the new-member states in comparison to the EU-15. This statement is especially relevant to the rural business and development that often remains distant and isolated from capital and sources of information and support. With the consequences of the economic crisis and the ongoing economic instability economists, business experts and social scientists have refined a broad range of techniques for making sense of regional economies and analyzing the public policy implications of their workings. Clusters are therefore often perceived not only as patterns for economic transactions and economic outcomes, but also as social systems and multidisciplinary environmental drivers for change.

  17. Plutonium focus area. Technology summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    The Assistant Secretary for the Office of Environmental Management (EM) at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) chartered the Plutonium Focus Area (PFA) in October 1995. The PFA {open_quotes}...provides for peer and technical reviews of research and development in plutonium stabilization activities...{close_quotes} In addition, the PFA identifies and develops relevant research and technology. The purpose of this document is to focus attention on the requirements used to develop research and technology for stabilization, storage, and preparation for disposition of nuclear materials. The PFA Technology Summary presents the approach the PFA uses to identify, recommend, and review research. It lists research requirements, research being conducted, and gaps where research is needed. It also summarizes research performed by the PFA in the traditional research summary format. This document encourages researchers and commercial enterprises to do business with PFA by submitting research proposals or {open_quotes}white papers.{close_quotes} In addition, it suggests ways to increase the likelihood that PFA will recommend proposed research to the Nuclear Materials Stabilization Task Group (NMSTG) of DOE.

  18. Sistem Rantai Pasok Pupuk Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harry Rahmadi Putra

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available PT. Pupuk Kaltim is biggest manure manufacturer in Indonesia, where its market area covering entire Sulawesi, Bali, some of Kalimantan East Java, Papua, Japan, Taiwan, India, and Australia. Main produced product of PT Pupuk Kaltim is based fertilizer. To meet the demand, PT Kaltim produce up to 2,3 million tons per year.Identifiaction process of supply chain done by accesing company website of PT Kaltim. Then it is outlined each step of supply chain from aggregate planning, production process, suppliers selection, quality mangement, warehousing, performance measure and used transportation unit. From that criteria would visible supply chain of based-fertilizer in PT Pupuk Kaltim. By having long and wide supply chain, PT Pupuk Kaltim still have bullwhip effect because of inacurate in forecasting cause over-stock or out of stock in many production period. In quality, PT Kaltim had got ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and ISO 17025 certification in production management and sea-port. Keywords: Fertilizer, supply chain, analysis

  19. A large area GEM detector

    CERN Document Server

    Duarte Pinto, Serge; Brock, Ian; Croci, Gabriele; David, Eric; de Oliveira, Rui; Pinchasik, Bat-El; Ropelewski, Leszek; Sauli, Fabio; van Stenis, Miranda

    2009-01-01

    A prototype triple GEM detector has been constructed with an area of similar to 2000 cm(2), based on foils of 66 cm x 66 cm. GEMS of such dimensions have not been made before, and innovations to the existing technology were made to build this detector. A single-mask technique overcomes the cumbersome practice of alignment of two masks, which limits the achievable lateral size. Refinement of this technique results in foils with performance similar to traditional GEMS, while lowering cost and complexity of production. In a splicing procedure, foils are glued over a narrow seam, thus obtaining a larger foil. This procedure was shown not to affect the performance of the GEMS. The seam can be as narrow as 2 mm, mechanically strong enough to withstand the necessary stretching tension, and sufficiently flat to maintain homogeneous electric fields in the gas volumes above and below the foil. These innovations should make the manufacture Of GEM foils of 1 m(2) and beyond possible. With the planned high luminosity upgr...

  20. Plague in the genomic area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drancourt, M

    2012-03-01

    With plague being not only a subject of interest for historians, but still a disease of public health concern in several countries, mainly in Africa, there were hopes that analyses of the Yersinia pestis genomes would put an end to this deadly epidemic pathogen. Genomics revealed that Y. pestis isolates evolved from Yersinia pseudotuberculosis in Central Asia some millennia ago, after the acquisition of two Y. pestis-specific plasmids balanced genomic reduction parallel with the expansion of insertion sequences, illustrating the modern concept that, except for the acquisition of plasmid-borne toxin-encoding genes, the increased virulence of Y. pestis resulted from gene loss rather than gene acquisition. The telluric persistence of Y. pestis reminds us of this close relationship, and matters in terms of plague epidemiology. Whereas biotype Orientalis isolates spread worldwide, the Antiqua and Medievalis isolates showed more limited expansion. In addition to animal ectoparasites, human ectoparasites such as the body louse may have participated in this expansion and in devastating historical epidemics. The recent analysis of a Black Death genome indicated that it was more closely related to the Orientalis branch than to the Medievalis branch. Modern Y. pestis isolates grossly exhibit the same gene content, but still undergo micro-evolution in geographically limited areas by differing in the genome architecture, owing to inversions near insertion sequences and the stabilization of the YpfPhi prophage in Orientalis biotype isolates. Genomics have provided several new molecular tools for the genotyping and phylogeographical tracing of isolates and description of plague foci. However, genomics and post-genomics approaches have not yet provided new tools for the prevention, diagnosis and management of plague patients and the plague epidemics still raging in some sub-Saharan countries. © 2012 The Author. Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2012 European Society of

  1. Vulnerability of intertropical littoral areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manighetti, Isabelle; De Wit, Rutger; Duvail, Stéphanie; Seyler, Patrick

    2017-10-01

    The coastal zone is of very high importance for human development and human wellbeing. Half of the global urban population lives in the coastal zone, where it has access to both continental and marine ecosystem services and to maritime transport. These urban populations coexist with rural and traditional coastal populations, some of which still possess good traditional ecological knowledge of the coastal ecosystems. Marine biodiversity and favourable environmental conditions sustain fisheries and aquaculture, represent a source of inspiration for humankind and provide numerous opportunities for recreation and tourism. In addition, coastal areas provide nursery functions for juvenile fish and invertebrates, which is important for the fish and crayfish stocks exploited offshore. Located at the interface between marine energy and continental processes, the coastal landscapes are dynamic environments. Nevertheless, the destruction of habitats and the increasing exploitation of the coastal zone represent serious threats to the ecosystems. Moreover, human land use and modifications in the watersheds have strong impacts on the coastal zone primarily by contributing to their pollution and nutrient over-enrichment. Damming and creation of reservoirs upstream also heavily modify the hydrology of the watersheds and often dramatically reduce the delivery of sediments to the coastal zone. In addition to these regional and local anthropogenic impacts, the coastal zone is vulnerable to global change among which sea level rise and climate change are particularly important drivers. Many coastal zones extend along giant faults and subduction zones, which makes them particularly exposed to earthquakes and tsunami hazards. Other forms of natural hazards are caused by hurricanes and cyclones that develop at sea and whose trajectories often hit the coastlines.

  2. Climate change threatens European conservation areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araújo, Miguel B; Alagador, Diogo; Cabeza, Mar; Nogués-Bravo, David; Thuiller, Wilfried

    2011-01-01

    Europe has the world's most extensive network of conservation areas. Conservation areas are selected without taking into account the effects of climate change. How effectively would such areas conserve biodiversity under climate change? We assess the effectiveness of protected areas and the Natura 2000 network in conserving a large proportion of European plant and terrestrial vertebrate species under climate change. We found that by 2080, 58 ± 2.6% of the species would lose suitable climate in protected areas, whereas losses affected 63 ± 2.1% of the species of European concern occurring in Natura 2000 areas. Protected areas are expected to retain climatic suitability for species better than unprotected areas (Pareas retain climate suitability for species no better and sometimes less effectively than unprotected areas. The risk is high that ongoing efforts to conserve Europe's biodiversity are jeopardized by climate change. New policies are required to avert this risk. PMID:21447141

  3. Transfer Area Mechanical Handling Calculation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    B. Dianda

    2004-06-23

    This calculation is intended to support the License Application (LA) submittal of December 2004, in accordance with the directive given by DOE correspondence received on the 27th of January 2004 entitled: ''Authorization for Bechtel SAX Company L.L. C. to Include a Bare Fuel Handling Facility and Increased Aging Capacity in the License Application, Contract Number DE-AC28-01R W12101'' (Arthur, W.J., I11 2004). This correspondence was appended by further Correspondence received on the 19th of February 2004 entitled: ''Technical Direction to Bechtel SAIC Company L.L. C. for Surface Facility Improvements, Contract Number DE-AC28-OIRW12101; TDL No. 04-024'' (BSC 2004a). These documents give the authorization for a Fuel Handling Facility to be included in the baseline. The purpose of this calculation is to establish preliminary bounding equipment envelopes and weights for the Fuel Handling Facility (FHF) transfer areas equipment. This calculation provides preliminary information only to support development of facility layouts and preliminary load calculations. The limitations of this preliminary calculation lie within the assumptions of section 5 , as this calculation is part of an evolutionary design process. It is intended that this calculation is superseded as the design advances to reflect information necessary to support License Application. The design choices outlined within this calculation represent a demonstration of feasibility and may or may not be included in the completed design. This calculation provides preliminary weight, dimensional envelope, and equipment position in building for the purposes of defining interface variables. This calculation identifies and sizes major equipment and assemblies that dictate overall equipment dimensions and facility interfaces. Sizing of components is based on the selection of commercially available products, where applicable. This is not a specific recommendation for the future use

  4. AgSat Areas of Interest

    Data.gov (United States)

    Farm Service Agency, Department of Agriculture — The AgSat Areas of Interest map contains area polygons where satellite imagery will be collected for the Farm Service Agency (FSA) to provide imagery coverage for...

  5. American Samoa ESI: MGT (Management Area Polygons)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains management area data for special management areas, marine parks, marine sanctuaries, national parks, and wildlife refuges in American Samoa....

  6. Bureau of Land Management Wilderness Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset is meant to depict wilderness areas within the state of New Mexico managed by the Bureau of Land Management These wilderness areas are officially...

  7. West Coast Rockfish Conservation Areas, 2015

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data delineate Rockfish Conservation Areas (RCA) off the West Coast of the United States for 2015. There are three types of areas closures depicted in this...

  8. Elephant Butte Special Flood Hazard Areas (SFHA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This vector dataset depicts the 1% annual flood boundary (otherwise known as special flood hazard area or 100 year flood boundary) for its specified area. The data...

  9. Examination of catchment areas for public transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Landex, Alex; Hansen, Stephen; Andersen, Jonas Lohmann Elkjær

    2006-01-01

    The paper presents a method to examine the catchment areas for stops in high quality public transport systems based on the street network in the examined area. This is achieved by implementing the Service Area functions from the ArcGIS extension Network Analyst. The method is compared to a more...... simple method using only the Euclidean distance from the examined stop and the paper describes the differences in detail-level of the results. Furthermore, the paper describes how the Service Area method can be used to examine increments in the catchment areas by adding extra entrances to stations...... or by making changes in the street network around the station. The paper also discusses the degree of realism in the used GIS networks and how it can affect the size of the catchment areas. It is concluded that the Service Area method improves the detail-level and accuracy in catchment area analyses...

  10. Coding Theory, Cryptography and Related Areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buchmann, Johannes; Stichtenoth, Henning; Tapia-Recillas, Horacio

    Proceedings of anInternational Conference on Coding Theory, Cryptography and Related Areas, held in Guanajuato, Mexico. in april 1998......Proceedings of anInternational Conference on Coding Theory, Cryptography and Related Areas, held in Guanajuato, Mexico. in april 1998...

  11. Range ecosystem management for natural areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report describes methods for managing range ecosystems in natural areas. Preserved natural areas on rangeland may, in a short time, be only those which received...

  12. Area spectrum of slowly rotating black holes

    OpenAIRE

    Myung, Yun Soo

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the area spectrum for rotating black holes which are Kerr and BTZ black holes. For slowly rotating black holes, we use the Maggiore's idea combined with Kunstatter's method to derive their area spectra, which are equally spaced.

  13. Climate change threatens European conservation areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bastos Araujo, Miguel; Alagador, Diogo; Cabeza, Mar

    2011-01-01

    Europe has the world's most extensive network of conservation areas. Conservation areas are selected without taking into account the effects of climate change. How effectively would such areas conserve biodiversity under climate change? We assess the effectiveness of protected areas and the Natura...... 2000 network in conserving a large proportion of European plant and terrestrial vertebrate species under climate change. We found that by 2080, 58 ± 2.6% of the species would lose suitable climate in protected areas, whereas losses affected 63 ± 2.1% of the species of European concern occurring...... in Natura 2000 areas. Protected areas are expected to retain climatic suitability for species better than unprotected areas (P...

  14. History of the Wildlife Areas Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge, Oak Orchard Wildlife Management Area, Tonawanda Wildlife Management Area, John White Wildlife Management Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report provides a history of four management areas in Western New York: Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge, Oak Orchard Management Area, Tonawanda Wildlife...

  15. Science and Technology Business Area Strategic Plan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Paul, Richard

    2000-01-01

    The S&T Business Area Strategic Plan has been updated to include lessons learned over the last two years, identifies areas that need to be reviewed further, addresses business opportunities and threats...

  16. Mandatory Class 1 Federal Areas Web Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web service contains the following layers: Mandatory Class 1 Federal Area polygons and Mandatory Class 1 Federal Area labels in the United States. The polygon...

  17. Atlantic NAD 83 OCS Planning Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains BOEM Planning Area outlines in ESRI shapefile format for the BOEM Atlantic Region. The old Atlantic Planning Area outlines were changed as of...

  18. Rural Areas Feel Effects of Macroeconomic Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malley, James R.; Hady, Thomas F.

    1987-01-01

    Diversification of rural economies and changes in financial markets and world trade have broken down many barriers that insulated rural areas in the past. United States rural areas--the rural South and Northeast in particular--now appear to be affected slightly more than urban areas by national monetary and fiscal policies. (JHZ)

  19. Director of Program Area | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Job Summary The Director of a Program Area is accountable to the Vice President of the Program and Partnership Branch for providing strategic intelligence, intellectual leadership and the overall management of the Program Areas personnel (20-35 staff per Program Area).

  20. 7 CFR 917.15 - Representation area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Representation area. 917.15 Section 917.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 917.15 Representation area. Representation area means any...

  1. 7 CFR 945.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 945.4 Section 945.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Production area. Production area means all territory included within Malheur County, Oregon, and the counties...

  2. 7 CFR 917.11 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 917.11 Section 917.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 917.11 Production area. Production area means the State of...

  3. 7 CFR 956.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 956.4 Section 956.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... VALLEY OF SOUTHEAST WASHINGTON AND NORTHEAST OREGON Definitions § 956.4 Production area. Production area...

  4. 7 CFR 958.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 958.4 Section 958.4 Agriculture... COUNTIES IN IDAHO, AND MALHEUR COUNTY, OREGON Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 958.4 Production area. Production area means all territory included within the boundaries of the County of Malheur in Oregon, and...

  5. 7 CFR 930.14 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 930.14 Section 930.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Definitions § 930.14 Production area. Production area means the States of Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania...

  6. 7 CFR 953.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 953.4 Section 953.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... STATES Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 953.4 Production area. Production area means and includes...

  7. 7 CFR 955.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 955.4 Section 955.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Definitions § 955.4 Production area. Production area means that part of the State of Georgia enclosed by the...

  8. 7 CFR 946.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 946.4 Section 946.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 946.4 Production area. Production area means all territory...

  9. 7 CFR 947.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 947.4 Section 947.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Definitions § 947.4 Production area. Production area means and includes Modoc and Siskiyou Counties in the...

  10. 7 CFR 959.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 959.4 Section 959.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Definitions § 959.4 Production area. Production area means the counties of Val Verde...

  11. 7 CFR 983.25 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 983.25 Section 983.25 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements..., ARIZONA, AND NEW MEXICO Definitions § 983.25 Production area. Production Area means the States of...

  12. 7 CFR 927.10 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 927.10 Section 927.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 927.10 Production area. Production area means and includes the...

  13. 7 CFR 920.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 920.4 Section 920.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Definitions § 920.4 Production area. Production area means the State of California. ...

  14. 7 CFR 922.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 922.4 Section 922.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 922.4 Production area. Production area means...

  15. 7 CFR 924.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 924.4 Section 924.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Production area. Production area means the Counties of Okanogan, Chelan, Kittitas, Yakima, and Klickitat in...

  16. 7 CFR 925.5 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 925.5 Section 925.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Definitions § 925.5 Production area. Production area means Imperial County, California...

  17. 7 CFR 916.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 916.4 Section 916.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Definitions § 916.4 Production area. Production area means the State of California. ...

  18. 7 CFR 923.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 923.4 Section 923.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 923.4 Production area. Production area means...

  19. 7 CFR 929.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 929.4 Section 929.4 Agriculture... LONG ISLAND IN THE STATE OF NEW YORK Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 929.4 Production area. Production area means the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Wisconsin, Michigan...

  20. Broca's Area: Nomenclature, Anatomy, Typology and Asymmetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Simon S.; Crow, Timothy; Foundas, Anne; Amunts, Katrin; Roberts, Neil

    2009-01-01

    In this review, we (i) describe the nomenclature of Broca's area and show how the circumscribed definition of Broca's area is disassociated from Broca's aphasia, (ii) describe in detail how the gross anatomy of Broca's area varies between people, and how the definitions vary between studies, (iii) attempt to reconcile the findings of structural…

  1. 9 CFR 78.42 - Quarantined areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quarantined areas. 78.42 Section 78.42 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Brucellosis Areas § 78.42 Quarantined areas. None. ...

  2. 7 CFR 1735.71 - Nonrural areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nonrural areas. 1735.71 Section 1735.71 Agriculture... Funds § 1735.71 Nonrural areas. Loan funds may be approved for the acquisition and improvement of... located in and serving a nonrural area is necessary to serve as the nucleus of an expanded system to...

  3. 10 CFR 835.501 - Radiological areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Radiological areas. 835.501 Section 835.501 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Entry Control Program § 835.501 Radiological areas. (a) Personnel entry control shall be maintained for each radiological area. (b) The degree of control shall be...

  4. 14 CFR 139.305 - Paved areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Paved areas. 139.305 Section 139.305... Operations § 139.305 Paved areas. (a) In a manner authorized by the Administrator, each certificate holder... area on the airport that is available for air carrier use as follows: (1) The pavement edges must not...

  5. 14 CFR 417.413 - Hazard areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Hazard areas. 417.413 Section 417.413... TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Ground Safety § 417.413 Hazard areas. (a) General. A launch operator must define a hazard area that confines the adverse effects of a hardware system should an event occur that...

  6. 33 CFR 211.81 - Reservoir areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reservoir areas. 211.81 Section... Lands in Reservoir Areas Under Jurisdiction of Department of the Army for Cottage Site Development and Use § 211.81 Reservoir areas. Delegations, rules and regulations in §§ 211.71 to 211.80 are applicable...

  7. 33 CFR 401.50 - Anchorage areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Anchorage areas. 401.50 Section... TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Seaway Navigation § 401.50 Anchorage areas. Except in an... of the Seaway except in the following designated anchorage areas: (a) Point Fortier (Lake St. Louis...

  8. 14 CFR 139.309 - Safety areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Safety areas. 139.309 Section 139.309... Operations § 139.309 Safety areas. (a) In a manner authorized by the Administrator, each certificate holder... area of at least the dimensions that— (1) Existed on December 31, 1987, if the runway or taxiway had a...

  9. 10 CFR 835.602 - Controlled areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Controlled areas. 835.602 Section 835.602 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Posting and Labeling § 835.602 Controlled areas. (a) Each access point to a controlled area (as defined at § 835.2) shall be posted whenever radiological...

  10. 46 CFR 197.535 - Regulated areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Regulated areas. 197.535 Section 197.535 Shipping COAST... GENERAL PROVISIONS Benzene § 197.535 Regulated areas. (a) Based on the employer's evaluation of the environmental monitoring, whenever the airborne concentration of benzene within an area exceeds or reasonably...

  11. 50 CFR 635.25 - Fishing areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fishing areas. 635.25 Section 635.25..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ATLANTIC HIGHLY MIGRATORY SPECIES Management Measures § 635.25 Fishing areas. (a... implemented under this part only in or from those management areas for which the United States has received an...

  12. 14 CFR 139.307 - Unpaved areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unpaved areas. 139.307 Section 139.307... Operations § 139.307 Unpaved areas. (a) In a manner authorized by the Administrator, each certificate holder..., or loading ramp and parking area on the airport that is available for air carrier use as follows: (1...

  13. 76 FR 68631 - Pay in Nonforeign Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... Pay in Nonforeign Areas AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The... rules dealing with employees in nonforeign areas outside the 48 contiguous States. We are revising... to address the effects of implementing the Non-Foreign Area Retirement Equity Assurance Act of 2009...

  14. 76 FR 45710 - Pay in Nonforeign Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ...; ] OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 5 CFR Parts 530, 531, and 536 RIN 3206-AM43 Pay in Nonforeign Areas AGENCY... with employees in nonforeign areas outside the 48 contiguous States. The proposed regulations would allow consideration of locality pay and nonforeign area cost-of-living allowances (COLAs) in evaluating...

  15. 7 CFR 1980.405 - Rural areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Rural areas. 1980.405 Section 1980.405 Agriculture... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Business and Industrial Loan Program § 1980.405 Rural areas. The business financed with a B&I loan must be located in a rural area. Loans to borrowers with facilities located in...

  16. 50 CFR 37.32 - Special areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Special areas. 37.32 Section 37.32... NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA Environmental Protection § 37.32 Special areas. (a) Caribou calving and post-calving special areas. The Regional Director shall designate within the coastal plain specific...

  17. 10 CFR 851.24 - Functional areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Functional areas. 851.24 Section 851.24 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM Specific Program Requirements § 851.24 Functional areas... minimum, include provisions for the following applicable functional areas in their worker safety and...

  18. 30 CFR 57.8528 - Unventilated areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unventilated areas. 57.8528 Section 57.8528 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Underground Only § 57.8528 Unventilated areas. Unventilated areas shall be sealed, or barricaded and posted...

  19. 32 CFR 1605.51 - Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Area. 1605.51 Section 1605.51 National Defense... ORGANIZATION Local Boards § 1605.51 Area. (a) The Director of Selective Service shall divide each State into local board areas and establish local boards. There shall be at least one local board in each county...

  20. 78 FR 78769 - Medical Body Area Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 95 Medical Body Area Networks AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final... Spectrum for the Operation of Medical Body Area Networks'' adopted in a First Report and Order, ET Docket... relating to Spectrum for the Operation of Medical Body Area Networks rules contained in the Commission's...

  1. The area quantum and Snyder space

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero, Juan M. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico 04510 DF (Mexico)], E-mail: sanpedro@nucleares.unam.mx; Zamora, Adolfo [Departamento de Matematicas Aplicadas y Sistemas, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Cuajimalpa, Mexico 01120 DF (Mexico)], E-mail: zamora@correo.cua.uam.mx

    2008-03-13

    We show that in the Snyder space the area of the disc and of the sphere can be quantized. It is also shown that the area spectrum of the sphere can be related to the Bekenstein conjecture for the area spectrum of a black hole horizon.

  2. A Guide to Minnesota Environmental Education Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Wes, Comp.; Gruchow, Nancy, Comp.

    More than 400 areas in Minnesota, useful as sites for environmental studies, are catalogued in this guide. They include state parks and waysides, state forests, state wildlife management areas, waterfowl production areas, national forests, nature centers and preserves, metropolitan, county and city parks, outdoor education school sites, school…

  3. 50 CFR 660.703 - Management area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Management area. 660.703 Section 660.703 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... Management area. The fishery management area for the regulation of fishing for HMS has the following...

  4. 50 CFR 665.398 - Management area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Management area. 665.398 Section 665.398 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... Management area. The Mariana fishery management area is the EEZ seaward of Guam and CNMI with the inner...

  5. 50 CFR 665.422 - Management area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Management area. 665.422 Section 665.422 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... Management area. The Mariana coral reef management area consists of the U.S. EEZ around Guam and the offshore...

  6. 50 CFR 665.598 - Management area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Management area. 665.598 Section 665.598 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... § 665.598 Management area. The PRIA fishery management area is the EEZ seaward of Palmyra Atoll, Kingman...

  7. 50 CFR 665.98 - Management area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Management area. 665.98 Section 665.98 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... Management area. The American Samoa fishery management area is the EEZ seaward of the Territory of American...

  8. 7 CFR 915.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 915.4 Section 915.4 Agriculture... Regulating Handling Definitions § 915.4 Production area. Production area means the counties of Brevard, Orange, Lake, Polk, Hillsborough, and Pinellas in the State of Florida, and all of the counties of that...

  9. 7 CFR 905.17 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 905.17 Section 905.17 Agriculture... and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORANGES, GRAPEFRUIT, TANGERINES, AND TANGELOS GROWN IN FLORIDA Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 905.17 Production area. Production area...

  10. LARAMIE PEAK WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, WYOMING.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segerstrom, Kenneth; Weisner, R.C.

    1984-01-01

    On the basis of a mineral survey, most of the Laramie Peak Wilderness study area in Wyoming was concluded to have little promise for the occurrence of mineral or energy resources. Only three small areas in the northern part, one extending outside the study area to Esterbrook, were found to have probable mineral-resource potential for copper and lead. The geologic setting precludes the presence of fossil-fuel resources in the study area. There are no surface indications that geothermal energy could be developed within or near the study area.

  11. Informal Planning in Depopulating Rural Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syssner Josefina

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Planning research has increasingly recognised that planning in depopulating areas differs from planning in growth areas. Several studies have sought to identify planning theories and strategies that are capable of meeting the challenges presented by depopulating areas. However, most of these studies and strategies are based on dense urban environments. This paper seeks to add to planning theory and practice by focusing on informal planning practices in rural depopulating areas. Starting from a resource-based view, the paper introduces an analytical framework that allows a systematic examination of the resources that are generated through informal planning practices in such areas.

  12. SANGRE DE CRISTO WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, COLORADO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Bruce R.; Ellis, Clarence E.

    1984-01-01

    Mineral surveys were undertaken of a wilderness study area which includes most of the Sangre de Cristo Range of south-central Colorado. Four areas of probable mineral-resource potential for gold, silver, and base metals lie along a northwest structural trend which follows the western margin of the range north of the Great Sand Dunes National Monument and crosses the range south of the monument. An area of probable mineral-resource potential for similar minerals plus tungsten has been identified east of Blanca Peak at the extreme southern end of the study area. Another area of probable mineral-resource potential includes molybdenum mineralization associated with the Rito Alto stock. A small area of probable geothermal resource potential exists on the west side of the area around the Valley View Hot Springs. There is little promise for the occurrence of oil and gas resources.

  13. TOURISM IN THE TOURIST AREA "IRON GATES"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DINU LOREDANA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper wants to highlight the trends of tourist demanding from the touristic area Iron Gates. We will see that the future of tourism include new forms such as those caused by the increased interest in areas with agritourism attractions or areas and portions of parks and nature reserves, which will raise the attractiveness of Danube, putting in a new pole of attraction area. Thus, we conducted a research based on survey among visitors on the tourist area "Iron Gates". The main endpoint based on survey was highlighting the motivation that determined the choice of the tourist area "Iron Gates", but also knowledge of consumer satisfaction for the tourists to the visited area (tourist product studied. The main objectives were, of course, linked with socio - economic and demographic characteristics of tourists to form a clearer picture of the motivational factors involved.

  14. Entanglement area law in superfluid 4He

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herdman, C. M.; Roy, P.-N.; Melko, R. G.; Maestro, A. Del

    2017-06-01

    Area laws were first discovered by Bekenstein and Hawking, who found that the entropy of a black hole grows proportional to its surface area, and not its volume. Entropy area laws have since become a fundamental part of modern physics, from the holographic principle in quantum gravity to ground-state wavefunctions of quantum matter, where entanglement entropy is generically found to obey area law scaling. As no experiments are currently capable of directly probing the entanglement area law in naturally occurring many-body systems, evidence of its existence is based on studies of simplified qualitative theories. Using new exact microscopic numerical simulations of superfluid 4He, we demonstrate for the first time an area law scaling of entanglement entropy in a real quantum liquid in three dimensions. We validate the fundamental principle that the area law originates from correlations local to the entangling boundary, and present an entanglement equation of state showing how it depends on the density of the superfluid.

  15. MOUNT HOOD WILDERNESS AND ADJACENT AREAS, OREGON.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keith, T.E.C.; Causey, J.D.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral survey of the Mount Hood Wilderness, Oregon, was conducted. Geochemical data indicate two areas of substantiated mineral-resource potential containing weak epithermal mineralization: an area of the north side of Zigzag Mountain where vein-type lead-zinc-silver deposits occur and an area of the south side of Zigzag Mountain, where the upper part of a quartz diorite pluton has propylitic alteration associated with mineralization of copper, gold, silver, lead, and zinc in discontinuous veins. Geothermal-resource potential for low- to intermediate-temperature (less than 248 degree F) hot-water systems in the wilderness is probable in these areas. Part of the wilderness is classified as a Known Geothermal Resource Area (KGRA), which is considered to have probable geothermal-resource potential, and two parts of the wilderness have been included in geothermal lease areas.

  16. Overcoming the isolation of disadvantaged housing areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stender, Marie; Bech-Danielsen, Claus

    Disadvantaged social housing areas in Denmark are currently subject to more thorough physical refurbishments, aiming to overcome the isolated character of the housing estates. The ambition is to attract new users and residents by opening up the borders of the area and establish attractive, new...... penthouse flats, new urban functions within the area or spectacular new public spaces near it. In this paper the social impact of such transformations are analysed and discussed based on case-studies in 3 Danish areas. The analysis shows that especially everyday-route strategies adding new public functions...... within the area can pave can the way for integration with the surroundings. The applicability of such strategies is however highly dependent on context, location and existing image. Social distance may sustain though physical borders are removed, yet, the negative image of the areas can in itself call...

  17. Calibrated Weighting for Small Area Estimation

    OpenAIRE

    Chambers, R. L.

    2005-01-01

    Calibrated weighting methods for estimation of survey population characteristics are widely used. At the same time, model-based prediction methods for estimation of small area or domain characteristics are becoming increasingly popular. This paper explores weighting methods based on the mixed models that underpin small area estimates to see whether they can deliver equivalent small area estimation performance when compared with standard prediction methods and superior population level estimat...

  18. Lessons Worth Remembering: Combat In Urban Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-10

    Lessons Worth Remembering: Combat in Urban Areas A Monograph by MAJ Ron Hernandez...Monograph June 20 15 - .tv1ay 20 16 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Sa. CONTRACT NUMBER Lessons Worth Remembering: Combat in Urban Areas Sb. GRANT NUMBER Sc...alarming rate. In 1950, twenty-nine percent of the world’s population lived in urban areas. Today, this statistic stands at fifty-four percent. By 2030

  19. Soil Quality of Bauxite Mining Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terezinha Gonçalves Bizuti, Denise; Dinarowski, Marcela; Casagrande, José Carlos; Silva, Luiz Gabriel; Soares, Marcio Roberto; Henrique Santin Brancalion, Pedro

    2015-04-01

    The study on soil quality index (SQI) aims to assess the current state of the soil after use and estimating its recovery through sustainable management practices This type of study is being used in this work in order to check the efficiency of forest recovery techniques in areas that have been deeply degraded by bauxite mining process, and compare them with the area of native forest, through the determination of SQI. Treatments were newly mined areas, areas undergoing restoration (topsoil use with planting of native forest species), areas in rehabilitation (employment of the green carpet with topsoil and planting of native forest species) and areas of native forests, with six repetitions, in areas of ALCOA, in the municipality of Poços de Caldas/MG. To this end, we used the additive pondered model, establishing three functions: Fertility, water movement and root development, based on chemical parameters (organic matter, base saturation, aluminum saturation and calcium content); physical (macroporosity, soil density and clay content); and microbiological testing (basal respiration by the emission of CO2 ). The SQIs obtained for each treatment was 41%, 56%, 63% and 71% for newly mined areas, native forest, areas in restoration and rehabilitation, respectively. The recovering technique that most approximates the degraded soil to the soil of reference is the restoration, where there was no statistically significant difference of areas restored with native forest. It was found that for the comparison of the studied areas must take into account the nutrient cycling, that disappear with plant removal in mining areas, once the soil of native forest features low fertility and high saturation by aluminum, also taking in account recovering time.

  20. Alaska research natural areas: 2. Limestone jags.

    Science.gov (United States)

    G.P. Juday

    1989-01-01

    The 2083-hectare Limestone Jags Research Natural Area in the White Mountains National Recreation Area of central Alaska contains old limestone terrain features––caves, natural bridges, disappearing streams, and cold springs in a subarctic setting. A limestone dissolution joint-type cave in the area is one of the largest reported in high-latitude North America. A...

  1. Exceptions to the rule: healthy deprived areas and unhealthy wealthy areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hooijdonk, Carolien; Droomers, Mariël; van Loon, Jeanne A. M.; van der Lucht, Fons; Kunst, Anton E.

    2007-01-01

    In general, inhabitants of low socio-economic areas are unhealthier than inhabitants of high socio-economic areas, but some areas are an exception to this rule. These exceptions imply that other factors besides the socio-economic level of an area contribute to the health of the inhabitants of an

  2. Estimation of surface area and surface area measure of three-dimensional sets from digitizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ziegel, Johanna; Kiderlen, Markus

    2010-01-01

    A local method for estimating surface area and surface area measure of three-dimensional objects from discrete binary images is presented. A weight is assigned to each 2 × 2 × 2 configuration of voxels and the total surface area of an object is given by summation of the local area contributions. ...

  3. Automatic emotional expression analysis from eye area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akkoç, Betül; Arslan, Ahmet

    2015-02-01

    Eyes play an important role in expressing emotions in nonverbal communication. In the present study, emotional expression classification was performed based on the features that were automatically extracted from the eye area. Fırst, the face area and the eye area were automatically extracted from the captured image. Afterwards, the parameters to be used for the analysis through discrete wavelet transformation were obtained from the eye area. Using these parameters, emotional expression analysis was performed through artificial intelligence techniques. As the result of the experimental studies, 6 universal emotions consisting of expressions of happiness, sadness, surprise, disgust, anger and fear were classified at a success rate of 84% using artificial neural networks.

  4. GRANITE CHIEF WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, CALIFORNIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harwood, David S.; Federspiel, Francis E.

    1984-01-01

    The Granite Chief Wilderness study area encompasses 57 sq mi near the crest of the Sierra Nevada 6 mi west of Tahoe City, California. Geologic, geochemical, and mines and prospect studies were carried out to assess the mineral-resource potential of the area. On the basis of the mineral-resource survey, it is concluded that the area has little promise for the occurrence of precious or base metals, oil, gas, coal, or geothermal resources. Sand, gravel, and glacial till suitable for construction materials occur in the area, but inaccessability and remoteness from available markets preclude their being shown on the map as a potential resource.

  5. EPA Region 1 Environmentally Sensitive Areas (Points)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This coverage represents point equivalents of environmentally sensitive areas in EPA New England. This coverage represents polygon equivalents of environmentally...

  6. Marine protected areas: a multidisciplinary approach

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Claudet, J

    2011-01-01

    .... Synthesizing the latest research into marine biodiversity conservation and fisheries management, this book provides regional and global perspectives on the role of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs...

  7. Entrepreneurship within Urban and Rural Areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Freire-Gibb, L. Carlos; Nielsen, Kristian

    2014-01-01

    The entrepreneurial dynamics of urban and rural areas are different, and this paper explores creativity and social networks factors in both places. The probabilities of becoming an entrepreneur and of surviving are analyzed. The results are based on longitudinal data combined with a questionnaire......, utilizing responses from 1,108 entrepreneurs and 420 non-entrepreneurs. Creativity is only found to be relevant for start-up in urban areas, but it does not influence survival in any of the two areas. The social network matters, in particular in rural areas. By combining the person and the environment...

  8. Foveal avascular zone area in normal subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Xu

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To measure the foveal avascular zone(FAZarea and to investigate the characteristics of the FAZ area in normal eyes, using optical coherence tomography(OCTangiography.METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. The FAZ area was measured in 69 participants, for a total of 138 eyes, using RTVue-100 OCT. The relations between the FAZ area and the potential factors were evaluated by univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis. Differences between the right and left eyes were calculated, and values were compared by means of a paired t test. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to assess the relationships of the FAZ area between the right and left eyes. RESULTS: The mean FAZ area was 0.30±0.11mm2 in all subjects. For the male subjects, the mean FAZ area was 0.29±0.13mm2, and for the female subjects 0.31±0.09mm2, with no significant difference(t=-1.346,P=0.180. The FAZ area did not correlate with all the potential factors. The mean FAZ area in the right eye was 0.30±0.11mm2, and in the left eye was 0.30±0.10mm2,with no significant difference(P=0.943. There was a strong correlation between the right and left eyes for the FAZ area. CONCLUSION: OCT angiography is a noninvasive method of visualizing and measuring the FAZ area in normal subjects. The FAZ area does not correlate with old age, sex and other factors. It shows significant interocular symmetry in normal subjects.

  9. Optical remote sensing for forest area estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randolph H. Wynne; Richard G. Oderwald; Gregory A. Reams; John A. Scrivani

    2000-01-01

    The air photo dot-count method is now widely and successfully used for estimating operational forest area in the USDA Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program. Possible alternatives that would provide for more frequent updates, spectral change detection, and maps of forest area include the AVHRR calibration center technique and various Landsat TM classification...

  10. Natural Vegetation of the Flora area

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sebsebe, Demissew; Friis, Ib

    2009-01-01

    A review article summarising the recent ideas about the natural vegetation in the area covered by the Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea......A review article summarising the recent ideas about the natural vegetation in the area covered by the Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea...

  11. Program for Area Concentration Achievement Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golden, Anthony J.

    The Program for Area Concentration Achievement Testing (PACAT) produces the cooperative assessment instrument known as the Area Concentration Achievement Test (ACAT). The ACAT uses a model designed specifically to measure curricular strengths and weaknesses and to provide this information at the departmental level. PACAT has developed 57…

  12. ISABELLE. Volume 3. Experimental areas, large detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    This section presents the papers which resulted from work in the Experimental Areas portion of the Workshop. The immediate task of the group was to address three topics. The topics were dictated by the present state of ISABELLE experimental areas construction, the possibility of a phased ISABELLE and trends in physics and detectors.

  13. Nondestructive, stereological estimation of canopy surface area

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wulfsohn, Dvora-Laio; Sciortino, Marco; Aaslyng, Jesper M.

    2010-01-01

    a canopy using the smooth fractionator, (ii) sampling of leaves from the selected plants using the fractionator, and (iii) area estimation of the sampled leaves using point counting. We apply this procedure to estimate the total area of a chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium L.) canopy and evaluate both...

  14. Encoding of Human Action in Broca's Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazio, Patrik; Cantagallo, Anna; Craighero, Laila; D'Ausilio, Alessandro; Roy, Alice C.; Pozzo, Thierry; Calzolari, Ferdinando; Granieri, Enrico; Fadiga, Luciano

    2009-01-01

    Broca's area has been considered, for over a century, as the brain centre responsible for speech production. Modern neuroimaging and neuropsychological evidence have suggested a wider functional role is played by this area. In addition to the evidence that it is involved in syntactical analysis, mathematical calculation and music processing, it…

  15. 47 CFR 101.1501 - Service areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service areas. 101.1501 Section 101.1501 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES FIXED MICROWAVE SERVICES Service and Technical Rules for the 70/80/90 GHz Bands § 101.1501 Service areas. The 70/80/90 GHz...

  16. 46 CFR 183.530 - Hazardous areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hazardous areas. 183.530 Section 183.530 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION Miscellaneous Systems and Requirements § 183.530 Hazardous areas. (a) Electrical...

  17. Research Areas in Adult and Continuing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Röbken, Heinke; Ehrenspeck-Kolasa, Yvonne; von Ossietzky, Carl

    2014-01-01

    This study builds upon a Delphi study carried out by Zawacki-Richter (2009) which posited a validated classification of research areas in the special area of distance education. We now replicate the study for the broader field of adult and continuing education (ACE). The aims of this paper are: firstly, to develop a categorisation of research…

  18. 46 CFR 120.530 - Hazardous areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hazardous areas. 120.530 Section 120.530 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150... Systems and Requirements § 120.530 Hazardous areas. (a) Electrical equipment in lockers used to store...

  19. 46 CFR 129.520 - Hazardous areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hazardous areas. 129.520 Section 129.520 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS Miscellaneous Electrical Systems § 129.520 Hazardous areas. (a) No OSV that carries flammable or combustible...

  20. Professional Competency Areas for Student Affairs Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    ACPA College Student Educators International, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This set of "Professional Competency Areas" is intended to define the broad professional knowledge, skills, and for some competencies, attitudes expected of student affairs professionals working in the U.S., regardless of their area of specialization or positional role within the field. All student affairs professionals should be able to…

  1. Countering resistance to protected-area extension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindenmayer, David; Thorn, Simon; Noss, Reed

    2017-07-19

    The establishment of protected areas is a critical strategy for conserving biodiversity. Key policy directives like the Aichi targets seek to expand protected areas to 17% of Earth's land surface, with calls by some conservation biologists for much more. However, in places such as the United States, Germany, and Australia, attempts to increase protected areas are meeting strong resistance from communities, industry groups, and governments. We examined case studies of such resistance in Victoria, Australia, Bavaria, Germany, and Florida, United States. We considered 4 ways to tackle this problem. First, broaden the case for protected areas beyond nature conservation to include economic, human health, and other benefits, and translate these into a persuasive business case for protected areas. Second, better communicate the conservation values of protected areas. This should include highlighting how many species, communities, and ecosystems have been conserved by protected areas and the counterfactual (i.e., what would have been lost without protected area establishment). Third, consider zoning of activities to ensure the maintenance of effective management. Finally, remind citizens to think about conservation when they vote, including holding politicians accountable for their environmental promises. Without tackling resistance to expanding the protected estate, it will be impossible to reach conservation targets, and this will undermine attempts to stem the global extinction crisis. © 2017 Society for Conservation Biology.

  2. Submarine Telecommunication Cables in Disputed Maritime Areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Logchem, Youri

    2014-01-01

    There are a considerable number of maritime areas where no boundary exists, or where a boundary is delimited only in part. This article deals with the issue of submarine telecommunication cables, which are sometimes placed on the seabed or buried in the subsoil of areas that are claimed by multiple

  3. Contact area measurements on structured surfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kücükyildiz, Ömer Can; Jensen, Sebastian Hoppe Nesgaard; De Chiffre, Leonardo

    In connection with the use of brass specimens featuring structured surfaces in a tribology test, an algorithm was developed for automatic measurement of the contact area by optical means.......In connection with the use of brass specimens featuring structured surfaces in a tribology test, an algorithm was developed for automatic measurement of the contact area by optical means....

  4. 32 CFR 1602.4 - Area office.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Area office. 1602.4 Section 1602.4 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 1602.4 Area office. The Selective Service Office which is responsible for all administrative and operational support...

  5. The European Large Area ISO Survey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oliver, S.; Rowan-Robinson, M.; Alexander, D.M.

    2000-01-01

    We describe the European Large Area ISO Survey (ELAIS). ELAIS was the largest single Open Time project conducted by ISO, mapping an area of 12 deg(2) at 15 mu m with ISOCAM and at 90 mu m with ISOPHOT. Secondary surveys in other ISO bands were undertaken by the ELAIS team within the fields...

  6. (AJST) STRUCTURAL EVOLUTION OF BODE SAADU AREA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    opiyo

    2, pp. 17-24. STRUCTURAL EVOLUTION OF BODE SAADU AREA,. SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA. C. T. Okonkwo. Department of Geology, University of Ilorin P.M.B. 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria. E-mail cokonkwo@unilorin.edu.ng. ABSTRACT: The Bode Saadu area comprises metasedimentary and metaigneous rocks which have.

  7. Handbook for Social Research in Urban Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauser, Philip M.

    Addressed primarily to social scientists and administrators in developing areas, this handbook (a volume in the Technology and Society series) is designed for those not widely experienced in research design and data analysis. Many problem areas of developing nations, such as adequate housing and urban amenities, adjustment and acculturation of…

  8. Protected areas system planning and monitoring

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vreugdenhil, D.

    2003-01-01

    The Vth World Parks Congress to be held in Durban, South Africa, September 8-17, 2003 will evaluate progress in protected areas conservation and stipulate strategic policies for the coming decade. Most countries of the world have at least a collection of protected areas, and have signed the

  9. 7 CFR 1940.959 - Area plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... possibilities for industrial recruitment in the area; (5) The potential for development of tourism in the area... economic development and quality of life goals of the plan. At a minimum, the following items will be considered: (1) Law enforcement; (2) Fire protection; (3) Water, sewer, and solid waste management; (4...

  10. Areas naturales protegidas de Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    William A. Gould; Maya Quinones; Mariano Solórzano; Waldemar Alcobas; Caryl Alarcon

    2011-01-01

    En este mapa mostramos las areas naturales protegidas designadas para la conservacion de los recursos naturales en Puerto Rico y regiones reguladas por ley con el potencial de mejorar la conservacion de los mismos. La designacion de areas protegidas es un proceso dinamico debido a que es el resultado de la constante evolucion de valores en los diferentes sectores de la...

  11. 7 CFR 906.4 - Production area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production area. 906.4 Section 906.4 Agriculture... and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ORANGES AND GRAPEFRUIT GROWN IN LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY IN TEXAS Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 906.4 Production area. Production...

  12. 77 FR 43567 - Medical Area Body Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Parts 2 and 95 Medical Area Body Network AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION... Medical Body Area Network (``MBAN'') coordinator(s) for the 2360-2390 MHz band. Although the ] Commission...

  13. Using important plant areas and important bird areas to identify Key Biodiversity Areas in the Republic of Macedonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Melovski

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available An attempt is made to identify Key Biodiversity Areas in the Republic of Macedonia through the identification of internationally recognized important areas for biodiversity: Important Plant Areas (IPAs and Important Bird Areas (IBAs. Forty two IPAs covering 6,495km2 and 24 IBAs covering 6,907km2 have been identified in Macedonia. Thirty seven IPAs (6,152km2 or 24% of the country’s territory and 15 IBAs (4,821km2 or 18.75% of the national territory, meet KBA criteria, between them yielding 42 KBAs. The remaining five IPAs and nine IBAs do not meet KBA criteria although have international significance. Together IPAs and IBAs total 10,698km2; those meeting the KBA criteria total 9,670km2. In total, 73% and 65% of the entire national protected areas (PAs surface overlaps with IPAs and IBAs respectively. This proportion is 81% for the 42 KBAs. However, only 25% of the total size of protected areas overlaps with IPAs, only 21% overlap with IBAs, and only 19% with the combined 42 KBAs. This means that Macedonia’s protected areas system is not yet representative and comprehensive for safeguarding its botanical and avian diversity.

  14. Topology optimization with flexible void area

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Anders; Aage, Niels; Sigmund, Ole

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a methodology for including fixed-area flexible void domains into the minimum compliance topology optimization problem. As opposed to the standard passive elements approach of rigidly specifying void areas within the design domain, the suggested approach allows these areas...... to be flexibly reshaped and repositioned subject to penalization on their moments of inertia, the positions of their centers of mass, and their shapes. The flexible void areas are introduced through a second, discrete design variable field, using the same discretization as the standard field of continuous...... density variables. The formulation is based on a combined approach: The primary sub-problem is to minimize compliance, subject to a volume constraint, with a secondary sub-problem of minimizing the disturbance from the flexible void areas. The design update is performed iteratively between the two...

  15. Aquarious Mountain Area, Arizona: APossible HDR Prospect

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    West, F.G.; Laughlin, A.W.

    1979-05-01

    Exploration for Hot Dry Rock (HDR) requires the ability to delineate areas of thermal enhancement. It is likely that some of these areas will exhibit various sorts of anomalous conditions such as seismic transmission delays, low seismic velocities, high attenuation of seismic waves, high electrical conductivity in the crust, and a relatively shallow depth to Curie point of Magnetization. The Aquarius Mountain area of northwest Arizona exhibits all of these anomalies. The area is also a regional Bouguer gravity low, which may indicate the presence of high silica type rocks that often have high rates of radioactive heat generation. The one deficiency of the area as a HDR prospect is the lack of a thermal insulating blanket.

  16. Managing Risk Areas in Software Development Offshoring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, John Stouby; Schlichter, Bjarne Rerup

    2015-01-01

    Software companies are increasingly offshoring development to countries with high expertise at lower cost. Offshoring involves particular risk areas that if ignored increase the likelihood of failure. However, the offshoring client’s maturity level may influence the management of these risk areas...... of the offshoring risk areas in accordance with the findings of previous research. However, the risk area of task distribution is a notable exception. In this case, managers perceive high task uncertainty, equivocality, and coupling across sites as risk mitigation rather than risk taking. The paper discusses how....... Against this backdrop, we present an interpretive case study of how managers perceive and mitigate the risk areas in software development offshoring with a mature CMMI level 5 (Capability Maturity Model, Integrated) software company as the client. We find that managers perceive and mitigate most...

  17. LOWER SAN FRANCISCO WILDERNESS STUDY AREA AND CONTIGUOUS ROADLESS AREAS, ARIZONA AND NEW MEXICO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratte, James C.; Lane, Michael

    1984-01-01

    The Lower San Francisco study area consists of about 40 sq mi, in a strip between 1 and 6 mi wide, along a 20-30 mi stretch of the San Francisco River in Arizona and New Mexico. The study area and contiguous roadless areas were examined for mineral potential and found to have an area of probable mineral-resource potential for base- or precious-metal deposits in middle to upper Tertiary volcanic rocks. The entire area has a largely unassessable potential for base-metal deposits related to igneous intrusives of Laramide age, like those in the nearby Morenci mining district, Arizona. The contiguous roadless area has an area of probable mineral-resource potential for molybdenum or copper deposits related to intrusive igneous rocks in the core of a dacitic volcano of Oligocene age. An area in the west part of the study area has a probable geothermal-resource potential.

  18. Easy Leaf Area: Automated Digital Image Analysis for Rapid and Accurate Measurement of Leaf Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsien Ming Easlon

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Premise of the study: Measurement of leaf areas from digital photographs has traditionally required significant user input unless backgrounds are carefully masked. Easy Leaf Area was developed to batch process hundreds of Arabidopsis rosette images in minutes, removing background artifacts and saving results to a spreadsheet-ready CSV file. Methods and Results: Easy Leaf Area uses the color ratios of each pixel to distinguish leaves and calibration areas from their background and compares leaf pixel counts to a red calibration area to eliminate the need for camera distance calculations or manual ruler scale measurement that other software methods typically require. Leaf areas estimated by this software from images taken with a camera phone were more accurate than ImageJ estimates from flatbed scanner images. Conclusions: Easy Leaf Area provides an easy-to-use method for rapid measurement of leaf area and nondestructive estimation of canopy area from digital images.

  19. Supplementary motor area and other cortical areas in organization of voluntary movements in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roland, P E; Larsen, B; Lassen, N A

    1980-01-01

    in the contralateral primary motor area. In addition, there were more modest rCBF increases in the contralateral sensory hand area, the convexity part of the premotor area, and bilaterally in the inferior frontal region. 4. Repetitive fast flexions of the same finger or a sustained isometric muscular contraction raise...... it projects to by itself can control ongoing simple ballistic movements with the self-same body part. A sequence of different isolated finger movements requires programming in the supplementary motor areas. We suggest that the supplementary motor areas are programming areas for motor subroutines...

  20. Governance of protected areas in the Arctic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timo Koivurova

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes what has been achieved in the Arctic cooperation process – now functioning as the Arctic Council – as regards protected areas in the region. Specifically, the research examines how the work in two of the working groups of the Arctic Council has evolved – the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF and the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME. Of particular interest here is CAFF’s Circumpolar Protected Area Network (CPAN, which is designed to coordinate the protected area policies of the Arctic states in their Arctic regions. The main goal of the article is to examine what kinds of functions CPAN is meant to achieve and to discuss whether the project has met its goals. An additional focus is the most recent development in the Arctic Council in the field of marine protected areas (MPAs, which were adopted as one priority action for another working group of the Council, the Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment. All of the developments discussed are evaluated by first identifying the trajectories of protected area activities in the Arctic Council and then discussing the possible ways forward. One salient consideration here is whether normative platforms other than the Arctic Council are better equipped to promote the work on protected areas in the Arctic and what type of policy focus for protected areas could be assumed in the Council.

  1. Landscape Character of Pongkor Mining Ecotourism Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusumoarto, A.; Gunawan, A.; Machfud; Hikmat, A.

    2017-10-01

    Pongkor Mining Ecotourism Area has a diverse landscape character as a potential landscape resources for the development of ecotourism destination. This area is part of the Mount of Botol Resort, Halimun Salak National Park (HSNP). This area also has a fairly high biodiversity. This study aims to identify and analysis the category of landscape character in the Pongkor Mining Ecotourism Area for the development of ecotourism destination. This study used a descriptive approach through field surveys and interviews, was carried out through two steps : 1) identify the landscape character, and 2) analysis of the landscape character. The results showed that in areas set aside for ecotourism destination in Pongkor Mining, landscape character category scattered forests, tailing ponds, river, plain, and the built environment. The Category of landscape character most dominant scattered in the area is forest, here is the river, plain, tailing ponds, the built environment, and plain. The landscape character in a natural environment most preferred for ecotourism activities. The landscape character that spread in the natural environment and the built environment is a potential that must be protected and modified such as elimination of incongruous element, accentuation of natural form, alteration of the natural form, intensification and enhanced visual quality intensively to be developed as a ecotourism destination area.

  2. Delimiting Areas of Endemism through Kernel Interpolation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Ubirajara; Brescovit, Antonio D.; Santos, Adalberto J.

    2015-01-01

    We propose a new approach for identification of areas of endemism, the Geographical Interpolation of Endemism (GIE), based on kernel spatial interpolation. This method differs from others in being independent of grid cells. This new approach is based on estimating the overlap between the distribution of species through a kernel interpolation of centroids of species distribution and areas of influence defined from the distance between the centroid and the farthest point of occurrence of each species. We used this method to delimit areas of endemism of spiders from Brazil. To assess the effectiveness of GIE, we analyzed the same data using Parsimony Analysis of Endemism and NDM and compared the areas identified through each method. The analyses using GIE identified 101 areas of endemism of spiders in Brazil GIE demonstrated to be effective in identifying areas of endemism in multiple scales, with fuzzy edges and supported by more synendemic species than in the other methods. The areas of endemism identified with GIE were generally congruent with those identified for other taxonomic groups, suggesting that common processes can be responsible for the origin and maintenance of these biogeographic units. PMID:25611971

  3. WINDIGO-THIELSEN ROADLESS AREA, OREGON.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherrod, David R.; Benham, John R.

    1984-01-01

    The results of a mineral survey indicate that the Windigo-Thielsen Roadless Area, in Oregon has little promise for the occurrence of metallic mineral or fossil fuel resources. Abundant cinder deposits occur in the area, but numerous other large volume deposits are available in the region, closer to markets. The geothermal potential of the High Cascades province cannot be realistically evaluated without data on the subsurface thermal and hydrologic regime that can only be provided by deep drill holes. Several deep holes could be drilled outside the roadless areas of the High Cascades from which extrapolations of the geothermal potential of the province could be made.

  4. Conditions of enterprise development in rural areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zofia Wyszkowska

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The article shows the research results describing some motivating factors of enterprise development in rural areas and also the ones that limit them. The research was provided in the area of one commune of the Kujawsko-Pomorskievoivodeship. The information has been gathered from 179 businessmen in 6 countries. There was a questionnaire with closed questions used. The carried out research showed that there are chances of developing new types of activities other than those of typically rural character in the areas in focus. Owing to the conducted analysis of the data some inducement and deterrent factors appeared connected with business running in the country.

  5. 200 North Aggregate Area source AAMS report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-06-01

    This report presents the results of an aggregate area management study (AAMS) for the 200 North Aggregate Area in the 200 Areas of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in Washington State. This scoping level study provides the basis for initiating Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) activities under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) or Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigations (RFI) and Corrective Measures Studies (CMS) under RCRA. This report also integrates select RCRA treatment, storage, or disposal (TSD) closure activities with CERCLA and RCRA past practice investigations.

  6. CARSON-ICEBERG ROADLESS AREAS, CALIFORNIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keith, William J.; Miller, Michael S.

    1984-01-01

    Areas of probable mineral-resource potential for base and precious metals, molybdenum, tungsten, and uranium were identified in the Carson-Iceberg Roadless Areas, California. During the mineral-resource study existing geologic mapping was modified and supplemented with new mapping; geophysical studies were conducted in the form of gravity and aeromagnetic surveys; stream-sediment and rock samples were collected in all of the drainage basins and chemically analyzed; and studies of mines, prospects, and known mineralized areas were conducted. No evidence of fossil fuel resource potential was found in the study.

  7. Fiscal Policy Stance in the Euro Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius-Corneliu Marinas

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The budgetary position in the euro area and the EU improved significantly in 2007 compared to the previous year. The headline deficit declined to 1.6 % of GDP in 2006 and 1.1 % of GDP in 2007, down from 2.5% of GDP in 2005. The structural budget deficit diminished from 2% of GDP in 2005 to 0.8% in 2007, reflecting a restrictive fiscal policy in euro area. The fiscal policy became pro-cyclically because the economy of euro area is characterized by a slightly negative output-gap (estimated at 0.2% of potential GDP in 2007.

  8. Post-Harbour Areas - New Urban Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nowacka-Rejzner Urszula

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article on selected examples one illustrated the different solutions for shaping post-harbour areas. One highlighted the complexity and longevity of activities conducted in these areas, which include both: the modernization of building structures, shaping of new functional and spatial interactions, reproduction of natural resources, protection and sharing of preserved buildings and complexes of cultural heritage, but also well balanced management of transformed area. The basis for conducted deliberations constitute studies and field studies concerning the development of urban structures, conducted for many years by the author.

  9. Large area etching for porous semiconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carstensen, J.; Christophersen, M.; Loelkes, S.; Ossei-Wusu, E.; Bahr, J.; Langa, S.; Popkirov, G.; Foell, H. [Faculty of Engineering, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, 24143 Kiel (Germany)

    2005-06-01

    While electrochemical etching of small samples in the 1 cm region is relatively easy, this is not true for large areas, i.e. standard wafer sizes up to 300 mm. The paper outlines the specific demands and difficulties in some detail, discusses large area etching strategies and systems, in particular for very deep macropores, and presents and discusses various results from the large area etching system of the authors. (copyright 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  10. New Area Law in General Relativity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bousso, Raphael; Engelhardt, Netta

    2015-08-21

    We report a new area law in general relativity. A future holographic screen is a hypersurface foliated by marginally trapped surfaces. We show that their area increases monotonically along the foliation. Future holographic screens can easily be found in collapsing stars and near a big crunch. Past holographic screens exist in any expanding universe and obey a similar theorem, yielding the first rigorous area law in big bang cosmology. Unlike event horizons, these objects can be identified at finite time and without reference to an asymptotic boundary. The Bousso bound is not used, but it naturally suggests a thermodynamic interpretation of our result.

  11. EPA Region 7 Aquatic Focus Areas (ECO_RES.R7_AQUATIC_FOCUS_AREAS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This shapefile consists of 347 individual Aquatic Ecological System (AES) polygons that are the Aquatic Conservation Focus Areas for EPA Region 7. The focus areas...

  12. Musquash Estuary: A management plan for the marine protected area and administered intertidal area

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2008-01-01

    .... In 1998, the Conservation Council of New Brunswick, with support from the Fundy North Fishermen.s Association, proposed Musquash Estuary and the surrounding intertidal area, as a candidate Marine Protected Area (MPA...

  13. Federal Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Sand and Gravel Borrow Areas (Lease Areas)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — Federal outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Sand and Gravel Borrow Areas (Lease Areas) are polygons which are maintained by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM),...

  14. Indexing aortic valve area by body surface area increases the prevalence of severe aortic stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jander, Nikolaus; Gohlke-Bärwolf, Christa; Bahlmann, Edda

    2014-01-01

    To account for differences in body size in patients with aortic stenosis, aortic valve area (AVA) is divided by body surface area (BSA) to calculate indexed AVA (AVAindex). Cut-off values for severe stenosis are...

  15. Cancer Related-Knowledge - Small Area Estimates

    Science.gov (United States)

    These model-based estimates are produced using statistical models that combine data from the Health Information National Trends Survey, and auxiliary variables obtained from relevant sources and borrow strength from other areas with similar characteristics.

  16. National Association of Area Agencies on Aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Area Agencies on Aging Search Member Login Forgot Password? Menu ABOUT n4a Mission, Vision & Work AAAs & Title VI Aging Programs Membership Board of Directors Staff Contact ...

  17. Alabama ESI: MGT (Management Area Polygons)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains sensitive human-use data for designated critical habitats, state parks, wildlife refuges, and wildlife management areas in Alabama. Vector...

  18. Protected Areas Database for New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US) is a geodatabase, managed by USGS GAP, that illustrates and describes public land ownership, management...

  19. FLOODPLAIN, MIDDLESEX COUNTY, USA AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  20. Western Alaska ESI: MGT (Management Area Polygons)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains management area data for Designated Critical Habitats, Wildlife Refuges, Wild and Scenic Rivers, and State Parks. Vector polygons in this data...

  1. HUD Low and Moderate Income Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — This dataset and map service provides information on the U.S. Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) low to moderate income areas. The term Low to Moderate Income,...

  2. Flood Hazard Areas - Moderate to Low Risk

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The S_Fld_Haz_Ar table contains information about the flood hazards within the study area. A spatial file with locational information also corresponds with this data...

  3. FLOODPLAIN, COFFEE COUNTY AND INCORPORATED AREAS, ALABAMA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  4. FLOODPLAIN, COFFEE COUNTY, GA AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — he Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  5. Colour Consideration for Waiting areas in hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zraati, Parisa

    2012-08-01

    Colour is one the most important factors in the nature that can have some affects on human behaviour. Many years ago, it was proven that using colour in public place can have some affect on the users. Depend of the darkness and lightness; it can be vary from positive to negative. The research will mainly focus on the colour and psychological influences and physical factors. The statement of problem in this research is what is impact of colour usually applied to waiting area? The overall aim of the study is to explore the visual environment of hospitals and to manage the colour psychological effect of the hospital users in the waiting area by creating a comfortable, pleasant and cozy environment for users while spend their time in waiting areas. The analysisconcentrate on satisfaction and their interesting regarding applied colour in two private hospital waiting area in Malaysia.

  6. FLOODPLAIN, COLQUITT COUNTY, GA AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — he Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  7. Nonattainment Area - Sulfur Dioxide (SO2 - 2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — Non-attainment and maintenance areas for the United States and its territories (NTAD). For more detailed information on this dataset, see the Overview Description in...

  8. FLOODPLAIN, MILLER COUNTY, GA AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — he Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  9. Ozone Nonattainment Areas - 8 Hour (1997 Standard)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data layer identifies areas in the U.S. where air pollution levels have not met the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ozone over 8 hours and...

  10. 2006 PM-2.5 Nonattainment Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data layer identifies areas in the U.S. where air pollution levels have not met the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for 2006 PM-2.5 standards....

  11. PM 2.5 Nonattainment Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data layer identifies areas in the U.S. where air pollution levels have not met the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for PM 2.5 and have been...

  12. Areas of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Land Management, Department of the Interior — ACECS are areas within the public lands where special management attention is required to protect and prevent irreparable damage to important historic, cultural, or...

  13. FLOODPLAIN, SEMINOLE COUNTY, GA AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — he Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  14. Directory of southern African conservation areas

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Greyling, T

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available and Swaziland. The data sheets for each of the 155 areas described include details on date of proclamation, geographical features, vegetation, flora and fauna, infrastructure and principal reference material. A synthesis of the data examines the historical...

  15. State Wildlife Management Area Boundaries - Publicly Accessible

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This polygon theme contains boundaries for approximately 1392 Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) across the state covering nearly 1,288,000 acres. WMAs are part of the...

  16. OCS Planning Areas Alaska NAD 83

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains BOEM Planning Area outlines in ESRI shapefile format for the BOEM Alaska Region. The Submerged Lands Act (SLA) boundary, along with the...

  17. The fourth Minnesota forest inventory: area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamela J. Jakes

    1980-01-01

    In 1977 the fourth Minnesota Forest Inventory found 13.7 million acres of commercial forest land, down 11% from that reported in 1962. This bulletin analyzes finding from the inventory and presents detailed tables of forest area.

  18. Optimizing sales areas of combined transport chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Michalk

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Combined transport chains (such as intermodal transport, have certain advantages. The main advantage from customer points of view is the possibility to bundle freight and thereby decrease transport costs. On the other hand, a combined transport chain can cause longer transport times, due to the necessary transshipment processes. Methods: The area around a terminal, in which a combined service has favourable properties to a customer in comparison to a direct transport, can be understood as a sales-area, in which a combined transport product is marketable. The aim of this paper was to find a method to determine the best shape and size of this area. Results and conclusions: The paper at hand lined out a method in order to calculate such a sales area and determine which geographical points around a terminal have an advantage in comparison to a direct transport service.

  19. IMS Mitigation Target Areas - 2010 [ds673

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Mitigation Target Areas (MTA) were developed by the California Department of Fish and Game for the Interim Mitigation Strategy (IMS). The MTAs are an identification...

  20. National Weather Service County Warning Area Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains polygons corresponding to the County Warning Areas (CWAs) of each Weather Forecast Office (WFO) in the National Weather Service (NWS).

  1. Localization of cortical areas activated by thinking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roland, P E; Friberg, L

    1985-01-01

    These experiments were undertaken to demonstrate that pure mental activity, thinking, increases the cerebral blood flow and that different types of thinking increase the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in different cortical areas. As a first approach, thinking was defined as brain work...... that they started at their front door and then walked alternatively to the left or the right each time they reached a corner. The rCBF increased only in homotypical cortical areas during thinking. The areas in the superior prefrontal cortex increased their rCBF equivalently during the three types of thinking...... midtemporal cortex exclusively during jingle thinking. The intermediate and remote visual association areas, the superior occipital, posterior inferior temporal, and posterior superior parietal cortex, increased their rCBF exclusively during route-finding thinking. We observed no decreases in rCBF. All r...

  2. SO2 8 Hour Nonattainment Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data layer identifies areas in the U.S. where air pollution levels have not met the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Sulfur dioxide 8 hour...

  3. Broca's Area in Language, Action, and Music

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fadiga, Luciano; Craighero, Laila; DAusilio, Alessandro

    2009-01-01

    .... Although most of his claims are still true today, the emergence of novel techniques as well as the use of comparative analyses prompts modern research for a revision of the role played by Broca's area...

  4. Educational outreach in a rural underserved area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwood, G

    1994-01-01

    A school of nursing in a world-renowned urban medical center joined forces with a school of nursing in a rural, underserved, ethnic minority area 350 miles distant. By working together, the two schools of nursing re-energized professional nursing in a geographically remote area of Texas. This underserved region is the fastest growing area in the state; education and health care resources have not kept pace with demand. Consequently, nursing faculty recruitment lagged, two few nurses had advanced practice skills, and morale suffered because of nursing staff and faculty shortages. Leadership in the two schools forged an educational and political partnership to create a collaborative model to meet the higher education needs of this area of southwest Texas. By detailing the eight steps of a unique success story, the article offers a model for meeting the evolving health care and nursing education needs of the '90's.

  5. FLOODPLAIN, UNION COUNTY, TENNESSEE and INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  6. EPA Region 1 Environmentally Sensitive Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This coverage represents polygon equivalents of environmentally sensitive areas (ESA) in EPA Region I. ESAs were developed as part of an EPA headquarters initiative...

  7. SurfaceWater Source Protection Areas (SPAs)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Source Protection Area (SPA) boundaries have been located on RF 24000 & RF 25000 scale USGS topographic maps by Water Supply Division (DEC) and VT Dept of Health...

  8. Central Facilities Area Sewage Lagoon Evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giesbrecht, Alan [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-03-01

    The Central Facilities Area (CFA) located in Butte County, Idaho at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has an existing wastewater system to collect and treat sanitary wastewater and non contact cooling water from the facility. The existing treatment facility consists of three cells: Cell 1 has a surface area of 1.7 acres, Cell 2 has a surface area of 10.3 acres, and Cell 3 has a surface area of 0.5 acres. If flows exceed the evaporative capacity of the cells, wastewater is discharged to a 73.5 acre land application site that utilizes a center pivot irrigation sprinkler system. The purpose of this current study is to update the analysis and conclusions of the December 2013 study. In this current study, the new seepage rate and influent flow rate data have been used to update the calculations, model, and analysis.

  9. FLOODPLAIN, PUTNAM COUNTY (AND INCORPORATED AREAS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  10. FLOODPLAIN, DEKALB COUNTY (AND INCORPORATED AREAS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  11. Knoxville Area Transit: Propane Hybrid Electric Trolleys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2005-04-01

    A 2-page fact sheet summarizing the evaluation done by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity on the Knoxville Area Transit's use of propane hybrid electric trolleys.

  12. Bureau of Land Management Wilderness Study Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset is meant to depict Wilderness Study Areas (WSA's), within the state of New Mexico, identified by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) as having...

  13. NYC Reservoirs Watershed Areas (HUC 12)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This NYC Reservoirs Watershed Areas (HUC 12) GIS layer was derived from the 12-Digit National Watershed Boundary Database (WBD) at 1:24,000 for EPA Region 2 and...

  14. FLOODPLAIN, WOOD COUNTY, OHIO, AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  15. Nonattainment Area - Sulfur Dioxide (SO2 - 1978)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — Non-attainment and maintenance areas for the United States and its territories (NTAD). For more detailed information on this dataset, see the Overview Description in...

  16. Seafloor and sediment characteristics in INDEX AREA

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sharma, R.; Nath, B.N.; Valsangkar, A.B.; Khadge, N.H.; Gupta, S.M.; Parthiban, G.

    Seafloor surveys and sediment sampling during the INDEX (Indian Deep-Sea Environmental Experiment) studies in the Central Indian Basin, resulted in identification of Test and Reference Areas, as well of establishment of baseline conditions...

  17. Tourism Areas - MDC_GolfCourse

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — A polygon feature class of all known Golf Courses within Miami-Dade County. Data was extracted from U.S. GDT Large Area Landmarks dataset, which represents common...

  18. Consumer behaviour in the waiting area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobach, Mark P

    2007-02-01

    To determine consumer behaviour in the pharmacy waiting area. The applied methods for data-collection were direct observations. Three Dutch community pharmacies were selected for the study. The topics in the observation list were based on available services at each waiting area (brochures, books, illuminated new trailer, children's play area, etc.). Per patient each activity was registered, and at each pharmacy the behaviour was studied for 2 weeks. Most patients only waited during the waiting time at the studied pharmacies. Few consumers obtained written information during their wait. The waiting area may have latent possibilities to expand the information function of the pharmacy and combine this with other activities that distract the consumer from the wait. Transdisciplinary research, combining knowledge from pharmacy practice research with consumer research, has been a useful approach to add information on queueing behaviour of consumers.

  19. Identifying national freshwater ecosystem priority areas

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Nel, JL

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available longitudinal, lateral and vertical connectivity into planning The persistence of all but the most isolated priority areas depends fundamentally on management of connected systems. Figure 2: The conservation planning framework (blue boxes) that guided...

  20. EAARL Topography - Gateway National Recreation Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A bare earth elevation map (also known as a Digital Elevation Model or DEM) of Gateway National Recreation Area was produced from remotely-sensed,...

  1. 400 Area/Fast Flux Test Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The 400 Area at Hanford is home primarily to the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF), a DOE-owned, formerly operating, 400-megawatt (thermal) liquid-metal (sodium)-cooled...

  2. Environmental conflicts in urban regeneration areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aunsborg, Christian; Sørensen, Michael Tophøj

    2006-01-01

    and at the same time protect the existing firms and their economy. The problem can pose a decisive barrier to the redevelopment of partly abandoned and worn-down urban areas – putting off an urgent revitalization to an indefinite future. The paper analyzes the problem through several cases. Furthermore......Older industrial- and harbor areas are undergoing dramatic transformations these years due to several alterations in some basic structures in society; e.g. globalization resulting in movingout of manpower intensive production to low pay regions, changes in the structure of transports resulting...... in more land-based freight and less shipping, amalgamation of industries and re-location due to new localization parameters. As the case may be, these structural alterations bring about more or less abandoned and worn-down areas. Typically, the areas are located centrally in the towns. With that...

  3. Protected Areas: How much is enough?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollands, Martin [Fauna and Flora International (International organizations without location); Roe, Dilys

    2004-07-01

    Protected areas have long been the cornerstone of international conservation policy. The 2003 United Nations List of Protected Areas shows that in the last 40 years coverage has increased dramatically from 2.4 to 18.8 million km2. At the same time, the continuing decline of biodiversity has been a cause for international concern culminating in the agreement of an international Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at the 1992 'Earth Summit'. In the same year, the IUCN World Parks Congress (WPC) set a target for protected area coverage at 10 per cent of the world's surface area – a target that was endorsed by the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). The following year, at the 2003 IUCN World Parks Congress it was announced that total coverage had actually exceeded the 10 per cent target and was in fact closer to 12 per cent.

  4. Fish landings and Oman shelf area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey A. Piontkovski

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Data from five field surveys carried out along the shelf in the 20-250m depth range and historical data on artisanal fishery were analyzed. A positive linear relationship between the demersal fish biomass and the shelf area was pronounced for a certain (intermediate stratum only: 50-100m. No statistical link was found for the strata above it (25-50m and beneath it (100-150m and 150-250m. The pronounced one was associated with the low boundary of the oxygen minimum zone impinging on the shelf. Annual landings of demersal fishes in the region with the largest shelf area exceeded landings in the region with the smallest area by as much as 1.6 times. The ratio of small pelagic to demersal fish landings decreased as a factor of 10, from small to large shelf areas.

  5. Partnership Strategies for Safety Roadside Rest Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    This project studied the many factors influencing the potential for public private partnerships for Safety Roadside Rest Areas. It found that Federal and California State laws and regulations represent important barriers to certain types and location...

  6. FLOODPLAIN, PIKE COUNTY, GEORGIA and INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  7. FLOODPLAIN, Crisp COUNTY, TENNESSEE and INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  8. Louisiana ESI: MGT (Management Area Polygons)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains boundaries for managed lands in coastal Louisiana. Vector polygons in this data set represent the management areas. Location-specific type and...

  9. FLOODPLAIN, MITCHELL COUNTY, GEORGIA and INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  10. Terminal Area Conflict Detection and Resolution Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Savita Arora

    2011-01-01

    This poster will describe analysis of a conflict detection and resolution tool for the terminal area called T-TSAFE. With altitude clearance information, the tool can reduce false alerts to as low as 2 per hour.

  11. Fundamental Skills Tutoring Project, Dayton, Ohio Area

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Elling, Sue

    1997-01-01

    ..., English and Life Science classes. The Alliance for Education was awarded a grant from Wright Laboratory to assist Armstrong Laboratory in its research by developing and maintaining local research sites in two Dayton-area high schools...

  12. Improving the environment in urban areas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adamkus, V.V.

    1994-12-31

    The author discusses the need for improvements to the environment in urban areas, and efforts being made under the direction of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to address these problems. The impact the new Clean Air Act can have on emissions from gasoline powered autos, diesel burning trucks, fixed emission sources ranging from utilities to chemical plants, and consumer products like hair sprays and charcoal starters, will all work together to improve air quality in urban areas. The author also discusses Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Plan efforts being supported by the EPA in a coordinated plan to get municipalities involved in cleaning up areas with pollution, to remove the blight on the urban areas, provide new land for development, and promote additional jobs.

  13. FLOODPLAIN, MARTIN COUNTY (AND INCORPORATED AREAS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  14. Nonattainment Area - Sulfur Dioxide (SO2 - 1971)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — Non-attainment and maintenance areas for the United States and its territories (NTAD). For more detailed information on this dataset, see the Overview Description in...

  15. FLOODPLAIN, DARKE COUNTY, OHIO, AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  16. Greening the Golden Gate National Recreation Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Golden Gate National Recreation Area was recognized a 2016 Federal Green Challenge Award for making significant strides to reduce its carbon footprint with the goal of becoming a carbon neutral park.

  17. Green tribology: principles, research areas and challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosonovsky, Michael; Bhushan, Bharat

    2010-10-28

    In this introductory paper for the Theme Issue on green tribology, we discuss the concept of green tribology and its relation to other areas of tribology as well as other 'green' disciplines, namely, green engineering and green chemistry. We formulate the 12 principles of green tribology: the minimization of (i) friction and (ii) wear, (iii) the reduction or complete elimination of lubrication, including self-lubrication, (iv) natural and (v) biodegradable lubrication, (vi) using sustainable chemistry and engineering principles, (vii) biomimetic approaches, (viii) surface texturing, (ix) environmental implications of coatings, (x) real-time monitoring, (xi) design for degradation, and (xii) sustainable energy applications. We further define three areas of green tribology: (i) biomimetics for tribological applications, (ii) environment-friendly lubrication, and (iii) the tribology of renewable-energy application. The integration of these areas remains a primary challenge for this novel area of research. We also discuss the challenges of green tribology and future directions of research.

  18. Maryland ESI: MGT (Management Area Polygons)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains polygons that represent the following sensitive human-use management areas in Maryland: wildlife refuges, national parks, wildlife management...

  19. Columbia River ESI: MGT (Management Area Polygons)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains sensitive human-use data for Wildlife Refuges, National Forests, and State Parks for the Columbia River area. Vector polygons in this data set...

  20. FLOODPLAIN, MARION COUNTY, OHIO, AND INCORPORATED AREAS

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  1. Synthesis of Adaptation Options for Coastal Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adaptation can help reduce the long-term costs associated with climate change. This document provides an introduction to climate change impacts and adaptation options for estuaries, beaches and coastal areas.

  2. Cincinnati Big Area Additive Manufacturing (BAAM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duty, Chad E. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Love, Lonnie J. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2015-03-04

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) worked with Cincinnati Incorporated (CI) to demonstrate Big Area Additive Manufacturing which increases the speed of the additive manufacturing (AM) process by over 1000X, increases the size of parts by over 10X and shows a cost reduction of over 100X. ORNL worked with CI to transition the Big Area Additive Manufacturing (BAAM) technology from a proof-of-principle (TRL 2-3) demonstration to a prototype product stage (TRL 7-8).

  3. ALMOST IDEAL AREA YIELD CROP INSURANCE CONTRACTS

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Vincent H.; Chouinard, Hayley H.; Baquet, Alan E.

    1994-01-01

    Using yield data for a sample of 123 dryland wheat producers in Montana, the effects of three area yield contracts, including the contract currently offered by the United States Federal Crop Insurance Corporation and two individual yield contracts on individual farm yield variability, are examined. The results indicate that while the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation area yield contract provides all farmers in the sample with some protection against yield variability, a simpler, actuarially ...

  4. Governing economies in areas of limited statehood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jacob; Varming, Kirstine Strøh

    This DIIS–GOVSEA working paper reviews key debates within economic anthropology and related academic disciplines explaining how economic life is governed in areas of limited statehood. The paper briefly introduces some of the origins of economic anthropology before going into deeper discussions....../non-state, rational/moral, in order to provide insights for the study of economic behaviour and economic governance in areas of limited statehood....

  5. Bolder science needed now for protected areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, James E M; Darling, Emily S; Venter, Oscar; Maron, Martine; Walston, Joe; Possingham, Hugh P; Dudley, Nigel; Hockings, Marc; Barnes, Megan; Brooks, Thomas M

    2016-04-01

    Recognizing that protected areas (PAs) are essential for effective biodiversity conservation action, the Convention on Biological Diversity established ambitious PA targets as part of the 2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. Under the strategic goal to "improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species, and genetic diversity," Target 11 aims to put 17% of terrestrial and 10% of marine regions under PA status by 2020. Additionally and crucially, these areas are required to be of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative, and well-connected and to include "other effective area-based conservation measures" (OECMs). Whereas the area-based targets are explicit and measurable, the lack of guidance for what constitutes important and representative; effective; and OECMs is affecting how nations are implementing the target. There is a real risk that Target 11 may be achieved in terms of area while failing the overall strategic goal for which it is established because the areas are poorly located, inadequately managed, or based on unjustifiable inclusion of OECMs. We argue that the conservation science community can help establish ecologically sensible PA targets to help prioritize important biodiversity areas and achieve ecological representation; identify clear, comparable performance metrics of ecological effectiveness so progress toward these targets can be assessed; and identify metrics and report on the contribution OECMs make toward the target. By providing ecologically sensible targets and new performance metrics for measuring the effectiveness of both PAs and OECMs, the science community can actively ensure that the achievement of the required area in Target 11 is not simply an end in itself but generates genuine benefits for biodiversity. © 2016 Society for Conservation Biology.

  6. Advanced Restricted Area Entry Control System (ARAECS)

    OpenAIRE

    Appleton, Robert; Casillas, Jose; Scales, Gregory; Green, Robert; Niehoff, Mellissa; Fitzgerald, David; Ouellette, David

    2014-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The Navy requires a capability for effective and efficient entry control for restricted areas that house critical assets. This thesis describes an Advanced Restricted Area Entry Control System (ARAECS) to meet this requirement. System requirements were obtained from existing governing documentation as well as stakeholder inputs. A functional architecture was developed and then modeled using the Imagine That Inc. ExtendSim tool. Factors...

  7. Security policy development in health area

    OpenAIRE

    Grilc, Uroš

    2012-01-01

    In the following assignment, we will research the concepts of information security and information security management system in a business environment. Then we will try to develop an actual information security management system for an organization, active in healthcare area, which will be specified by restrictions, introduced by the current state legislation for the healthcare area. In the developing information security management system, we will first try to define the desired system's...

  8. Urban Area Development in Stochastic Cellular Automata

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan Mulianta; Yun Hariadi

    2004-01-01

    Urban is still an interesting topic to discuss whether in government or public studies. As economy grows in cities, many people are attracted to come to cities from villages to try their luck. In this paper, we investigated urban area development using von Thunen’s economic location theory. By using stochastic Cellular Automata which views land location as agents that will change their states in agriculture, industry, and service series, here we show how the urban areas dominated by economy, ...

  9. Monitoring System for ALICE Surface Areas

    CERN Document Server

    Demirbasci, Oguz

    2016-01-01

    I have been at CERN for 12 weeks within the scope of Summer Student Programme working on a monitoring system project for surface areas of the ALICE experiment during this period of time. The development and implementation of a monitoring system for environmental parameters in the accessible areas where a cheap hardware setup can be deployed were aim of this project. This report explains how it was developed by using Arduino, Raspberry PI, WinCC OA and DIM protocol.

  10. 78 FR 72028 - Special Regulations, Areas of the National Park System, Curecanti National Recreation Area...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-02

    ... revises the section heading for Sec. 7.51 from ``Curecanti Recreation Area'' to ``Curecanti National... routes at various locations throughout the recreation area. Snowmobiles This rule amends section 7.51(c...) and (f). The revisions and additions read as follows: Sec. 7.51 Curecanti National Recreation Area...

  11. Simultaneously Optimizing Storage Location Assignment at Forward Area and Reserve Area - a Decomposition Based Heuristic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, Søren; Christiansen, Christian Holk

    This paper addresses the Two-level Storage Location Assignment Problem (TSLAP) for two level low-level picker-to-part warehouses. The first level consists of a forward area from which all picking is done. The second level consists of a reserve storage area, from which the forward area is replenis...

  12. Identifying the Prospective Area of Sulfide Groundwater within the Area of Palvantash Oil and Gas Deposit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. R. Zhurayev

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the methodology of prospecting for sulfide groundwater in the area of Palvantash oil fields. In result of study allowed determining the favorable conditions for the sulfide waters formation, and mapping the areas of different sulfide water concentration. The relatively permeable areas were established and the water borehole positions were recommended.

  13. Stretchable, large-area organic electronics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekitani, Tsuyoshi; Someya, Takao

    2010-05-25

    Stretchability will significantly expand the application scope of electronics, particularly large-area electronics-displays, sensors, and actuators. If arbitrary surfaces and movable parts could be covered with stretchable electronics, which is impossible with conventional electronics, new classes of applications are expected to emerge. A large hurdle is manufacturing electrical wiring with high conductivity, high stretchability, and large-area compatibility. This Review describes stretchable, large-area electronics based on organic field-effect transistors for applications to sensors and displays. First, novel net-shaped organic transistors are employed to realize stretchable, large-area sensor networks that detect distributions of pressure and temperature simultaneously. The whole system is functional even when it is stretched by 25%. In order to further improve stretchability, printable elastic conductors are developed by dispersing single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as dopants uniformly in rubbers. Further, we describe integration of printable elastic conductors with organic transistors to construct a rubber-like stretchable active matrix for large-area sensor and display applications. Finally, we will discuss the future prospects of stretchable, large-area electronics with delineating a picture of the next-generation human/machine interfaces from the aspect of materials science and electronic engineering.

  14. Priority of areas for agricultural radiovulnerability mapping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rochedo, Elaine R.R.; Igreja, Eduardo, E-mail: elainerochedo@gmail.com, E-mail: eduigreja@gmail.com [Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Nuclear; Wasserman, Maria Angelica V., E-mail: mwasserman@ien.gov.br [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Perez, Daniel V., E-mail: chpd@cnps.embrapa.br [Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (EMBRAPA), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Solos; Rochedo, Pedro R.R., E-mail: rochedopedro@gmail.com [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Programa de Planejamento Energetico; Silva, Diogo N.G., E-mail: diogongs@gmail.com [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Instituto de Biofisica Carlos Chagas Filho

    2013-07-01

    The methodology for classifying areas according to soil properties for the vulnerability to a {sup 137}Cs contamination is of high importance to the preparedness related to nuclear and/or radiological accidents that lead to release of radionuclides to the environment with the consequent contamination of agricultural areas. The priority of research for agricultural areas should then focus on the surrounding areas of nuclear power plant that have higher probability of public exposure through the ingestion pathway. The objective of this work was to create a rank order for priority of areas to be mapped based on EMBRAPA database on soil properties. The 16 municipalities previously selected to define parameters for dose assessment simulations related to the Brazilian Nuclear Power Plants, located in the district of Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, have been investigated in order to create this rank order to direct the research on radio vulnerability mapping, considering their relevance to public exposure based on their agricultural productivity. The two aspects selected in this study account for the maximum loss of income and to the collective doses that can be averted due to the banning of agricultural products. These quantities are inputs to optimization analysis. The priority defined shall then guide research on both the adequate values for the transfer factors and on the agricultural countermeasures suitable to each area according to the cause(s) of their vulnerability and their typical agricultural crops. (author)

  15. Vulnerability of particularly valuable areas. Summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    This report is part of the scientific basis for the management plan for the North Sea and Skagerrak. The report focuses on the vulnerability of particularly valuable areas to petroleum activities, maritime transport, fisheries, land-based and coastal activities and long-range transboundary pollution. A working group with representatives from many different government agencies, headed by the Institute of Marine Research and the Directorate for Nature Management, has been responsible for drawing up the present report on behalf of the Expert Group for the North Sea and Skagerrak. The present report considers the 12 areas that were identified as particularly valuable during an earlier stage of the management plan process on the environment, natural resources and pollution. There are nine areas along the coast and three open sea areas in the North Sea that were identified according to the same predefined criteria as used for the management plans for the Barents Sea: Lofoten area and the Norwegian Sea. The most important criteria for particularly valuable areas are importance for biological production and importance for biodiversity.(Author)

  16. Argumentação e prova envolvendo conceitos de múltiplos e divisores: uma experiência com alunos do ensino fundamental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcílio Farias da Silva

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to develop and analyze a didactic sequence for teaching and learning of evidence and arguments, intended for students 9. Year of elementary school, using a computational tool. The entire experiment was developed under the project argumentation and proof in school mathematics (AProvaME, which aims to build a map on the concepts of argumentation and evidence of students of the State of Paulo. The preparation sequence was inspired by the questionnaire Algebra Project A ProvaME reasoned and analyzed from the perspective of classification of evidence Balacheff (1988, the ideas related to theroles and functions of the evidence of De Villiers (2001 and the suggestions made in the National Curriculum.

  17. ESTUDOS ENVOLVENDO LINGUAGEM E EDUCAÇÃO QUÍMICA NO PERÍODO DE 2000 A 2008 - ALGUMAS CONSIDERAÇÕES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristhiane Cunha Flor

    Full Text Available A incorporação dos trabalhos de Lev S. Vigotsky às pesquisas em ensino de Ciências gerou articulações entre linguagem e Educação Científica no sentido de se estudar a utilização e papel das analogias nesse contexto e o discurso, leitura e escri ta no âmbito do ensino de ciências, por exemplo. Diante desse cenário, temos como proposta apresentar uma revisão na literatura da área de Educação Científica, com recorte de trabalhos que envolvam estudos brasileiros, linguagem e educação química em sala de aula. Entre os resultados, encontramos três enfoques principais: papel e funcionamento de analogias no ensino de Química, análise de interações discursivas em sala de aula e escrita e leitura de artigos científicos e divulgação científica no ensi no superior.

  18. O papel levedura saccharomyces cerevisiae na estabilização de emulsões envolvendo hexadecano e uma fase aquosa

    OpenAIRE

    Aureliano Agostinho Dias

    2016-01-01

    Resumo: Os biocombustíveis têm sido objeto de crescente interesse nos últimos anos, uma vez que sua utilização contribui para reduzir a emissão de gases ligados ao efeito estufa. O farnesano apresenta potencial para substituir o diesel de petróleo, podendo ser obtido por processos biotecnológicos. Entretanto, durante as etapas de purificação deste composto (após a fermentação), ocorre a formação de uma emulsão relativamente estável composta por gotas de óleo, microrganismos, meio fermentativo...

  19. Subvertendo o Código Penal e a monogamia: Arranjos afetivos e familiares envolvendo praticantes de assaltos contra instituições financeiras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jania Perla Diógenes de Aquino

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda namoros e casamentos mantidos em simultaneidade por participantes de assaltos contra instituições financeiras. Em curtos intervalos de tempo, esses homens acumulam altas somas, e parte delas são investidas em negócios legais. Para permanecer foragidos da polícia, utilizam documentos falsificados e nomes fictícios. É recorrente que um assaltante encene variados personagens, correspondendo, cada um, a um conjunto de bens e a uma companheira. O texto discute as relações entre essa atividade ilegal e as peculiaridades na vida afetiva de seus praticantes, marcada por experiências de poligamia velada e pela mobilização de múltiplas identidades.Subverting the Criminal Code and Monogamy: Affective and Family Arrangements Involving Practitioners of Robberies Against Financial Institutions discusses dating and marriages kept simultaneously by participants of robberies against financial institutions. In short periods, these men accumulate large sums of money and some of them are invested in legal businesses. To remain a fugitive from police, they use forged documents and fictitious names. It is recurring that a burglar acts out different characters, each one corresponding to a group of assets and a companion. This paper discusses the relationship between this illegal activity and the peculiarities in the emotional life of its practitioners, marked by veiled polygamy experiences and the mobilization of multiple identities.Keywords: affective arrangements, dating and marriages, monogamy and polygamy, robberies against financial institutions, criminal activity

  20. DINÂMICAS EM SALA DE AULA: ENVOLVENDO OS ALUNOS NO PROCESSO DE ENSINO, EXEMPLO COM OS MECANISMOS DE TRANSPORTE DA MEMBRANA PLASMÁTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Oenning

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available O estudo relacionado a aspectos bioquímicos e moleculares da célula muitas vezes esbarra com adificuldade apresentada pelos alunos em compreender o conteúdo, fato que pode estar associado àcarência de metodologias que tornem o assunto mais dinâmico e acessível à turma. Considerando que oentendimento dos conceitos básicos é fundamental para a compreensão de processos posteriores e tendoem vista a necessidade de adotar técnicas que facilitem o estudo de estruturas microscópicas e processoscomplexos, estudos apontam o uso de modelos, jogos ou dinâmicas como forma de envolver o aluno,tornando o conteúdo mais assimilável. Nessa perspectiva, discute-se aqui a utilização de uma dinâmicade fácil acesso, criada para ser desenvolvida com alunos do Ensino Médio, na qual se aborda o conteúdoreferente à Membrana Plasmática e seus Mecanismos de Transporte, por ser considerado de difícilcompreensão pelos alunos. A mesma consiste em representar, por meio de simulações realizadas emsala, o funcionamento da membrana plasmática de uma célula permitindo estudar sua estrutura e seucomportamento em diversas situações, nas quais os próprios alunos reproduzem o processo detransporte transmembrana de diferentes substâncias. Procedeu-se a análise documental do Relatório deEstágio de acadêmicas que desenvolveram e aplicaram a dinâmica durante suas aulas, o qual revelou quea atividade as auxiliou na superação de diversos problemas comuns no estudo de conteúdos dessanatureza, evidenciando a importância de práticas educativas mais interativas

  1. Dificuldades conceituais no aprendizado de equilíbrios químicos envolvendo reações ácido-base

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Bertotti

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Common student misunderstandings regarding chemical equilibrium are reported taking into account the response of freshman students to some typical questions involving acid-base reactions. Language has been shown to be one of the main issues associated with students' difficulties on this subject, such as in the case of concentration and amount of substance (mol. Another usual problem was observed in questions involving buffer solutions after addition of a reagent. A number of recommendations have emerged from the results presented in this work as an attempt to enhance the learning of this topic in general chemistry courses given to first-year students.

  2. Development of a dosimetric system for emergency situation involving person of the public; Desenvolvimento de um sistema dosimetrico para situacoes de emergencia envolvendo pessoas do publico em geral

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Zelia Maria da

    1999-07-01

    A dosimetric system was developed for emergency situation based on electron spin resonance spectrometry (E.S.R.) and some materials such as tooth enamel, bovine bone, CaCO{sub 3} and sugar as detector. The purpose of this work was to find common materials, which are both reliable and sensitive and make possible quickly to assess the absorbed dose. The research includes the collection and preparation of samples, the evaluation, treatment and interpretation of ESR signal and the procedure for dose reconstruction. The calibration of the dosemeter was performed using gamma radiation from a Co-60 source. The results obtained confirm the variability of the use of this system in case of an accident. (author)

  3. O Aprendizado Formal de Controladoria e a minimização do Efeito Framing: um estudo de decisões gerenciais envolvendo Custos de Oportunidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Leal Bruni

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa foi verificar o impacto do Aprendizado Formal de Controladoria na minimização dos vieses cognitivos em decisões gerenciais. Para isso, foi delineado um cenário experimental com situação que envolve o conceito de Custo de Oportunidade. Com o auxílio deste conceito, busca-se entender o comportamento associado ao viés cognitivo provocado pelo Efeito Framing. O experimento contou com um grupo de controle, no qual não existia a introdução de vieses nas questões às quais os respondentes foram submetidos; e dois grupos experimentais, nos quais os questionários continham os vieses, sendo a amostra composta por 155 estudantes dos cursos de graduação de Ciências Contábeis e Direito da Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA. Para a análise do experimento, foi utilizada a Regressão Logística Múltipla. Os resultados encontrados apontaram para a inexistência de contribuições do Aprendizado Formal de Controladoria na redução da ocorrência do Efeito Framing.

  4. A resolução de tarefas envolvendo equações do 2.º grau : um estudo no 8.º ano

    OpenAIRE

    Antunes, Ana Cláudia Morgado, 1986-

    2013-01-01

    Relatório da prática de ensino supervisionada, Ensino da Matemática, Universidade de Lisboa, 2013 O estudo que apresento neste relatório surge das minhas preocupações com as dificuldades que os alunos evidenciam, frequentemente, na resolução de equações do 2.º grau e foi desenvolvido no âmbito da lecionação da unidade “Sequencias e regularidades. Equações”, no tema da Álgebra, numa turma do 8.º ano da Escola Básica 2, 3 de Fernando Pessoa. Tendo em conta as orientações curricul...

  5. Ensaios MSCR segundo as normas ASTM D7405-10a e AASHTO T350-14: um estudo de caso envolvendo ligantes asfálticos modificados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus David Inocente Domingos

    2016-12-01

    especially the AC+rubber and the AC+rubber+PPA. The AC+PPA showed low stress sensitivity and the best results for the parameters R and Jnr at 3,200 Pa either in the ASTM or the AASHTO protocols, which justifies its choice as the best formulation. The data from the modified asphalt binders suggest that the change from the ASTM protocol to the AASHTO one is recommended.

  6. Estimativas de magnitudes da dinâmica quântica envolvendo dimensões de Hausdorff e de empacotamento

    OpenAIRE

    Erick Andrés de La Barra Olivares

    2014-01-01

    Na abordagem da mecânica quântica não-relativística e do ponto de vista da física matemática, neste trabalho apresentamos estimativas de quantidades que descrevem o crescimento de magnitudes físicas que caracterizam a evolução temporal de um sistema quântico, tal como o momento associado a probabilidade de retorno. Estas estimativas envolvem as dimensões de Hausdorff e de empacotamento da medida espectral associada ao grupo unitário que descreve a evolução temporal de um sistema. Em primei...

  7. Adaptações Curriculares nas Aulas de Educação Física Envolvendo Estudantes com Deficiência Visual

    OpenAIRE

    COSTA, Camila de Moura; van Munster, Mey de Abreu

    2017-01-01

    RESUMO: enquanto componente curricular obrigatório do ensino básico, a Educação Física deve possibilitar aos estudantes com deficiência o acesso ao currículo comum. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar e descrever as adaptações nos elementos base do currículo comum, empregadas por professores de Educação Física, voltadas à participação de estudantes com deficiência visual. Sob a perspectiva qualitativa, trata-se de um estudo de campo desenvolvido em três escolas da rede regular de ensino...

  8. Boi, clima e ironia: a confluência de riscos envolvendo o discurso jornalístico e as mudanças climáticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Dantas de Maio

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available O discurso jornalístico sobre mudanças climáticas nem sempre associa esse fenômeno à agropecuária, considerada uma de suas causadoras. Em enunciados que vinculam a pecuária ao aquecimento global foi possível verificar o uso da ironia como mecanismo para atrair a atenção de interlocutores e instaurar uma conduta de vigilância ambiental. O objetivo do artigo é investigar como o discurso jornalístico posiciona-se em relação ao binômio pecuária/mudanças climáticas em diferentes momentos. O estudo é qualitativo e o suporte teóricometodológico utilizado foi a Análise de Discurso, da escola francesa, reforçado pela Análise Crítica de Discurso, que permite avaliar aspectos ideológicos presentes na fala. Os resultados indicam que as circunstâncias sócio-históricas condicionam a elaboração desses discursos, sugerindo diferentes usos e funções para essa figura de linguagem. Conclui-se que o discurso irônico pode representar um risco, caso o receptor não compreenda a contradição entre sua interface absurda e sua seriedade explícita.

  9. O Aprendizado Formal de Controladoria e a minimização do Efeito Framing: um estudo de decisões gerenciais envolvendo Custos de Oportunidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Valentim de Oliveira Carvalho Junior

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta pesquisa fue verificar el impacto del aprendizaje formal de Con - traloría en la minimización de los sesgos cognoscitivos en decisiones gerenciales. Para eso fue delineado un escenario experimental con situación que involucra el concepto de Costo de oportunidad. Con el auxilio de este concepto, se pretende entender el comportamiento asociado al bies cognitivo provocado por el efecto framing . El experimento contó con un grupo de control, donde no existía la introducción de sesgos en las cuestiones a las cuales los respondientes fueron sometidos, y dos grupos experimentales, donde los cuestionarios contenían los sesgos, siendo la muestra compuesta por 155 estudiantes de los cursos de graduación de Ciencias Contables y Derecho de la Universidad Federal de Bahia. Para el análisis del experimento, fue utilizada la Regresión Logística Múltiple. Los resultados en-contrados señalaron la inexistencia de contribuciones del aprendizaje formal de Contraloría en la reducción de la ocurrencia del efecto framing.

  10. Registros de Notificação Compulsória de Violência Envolvendo Crianças e Adolescentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pâmela Kurtz Cezar

    Full Text Available Resumo Este estudo objetivou apresentar dados epidemiológicos de notificações compulsórias da violência na faixa etária da infância e da adolescência, no período de 2009 a 2013, ocorridos e notificados em uma cidade do interior do estado do RS, identificando o sexo das vítimas, o tipo de violência sofrida, o local onde ocorreu o fato e o tipo de vínculo com o agressor. Para isso, realizou-se uma pesquisa epidemiológica descritiva e documental com dados secundários do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, analisados conforme estatística descritiva. Os resultados indicaram que o sexo feminino predominou no número de vítimas, a violência física foi a mais notificada, a residência foi o local onde mais ocorreram as violências, tendo a mãe e o pai como os principais agressores. Conclui-se, a partir desses resultados, que a notificação compulsória da violência é um desafio ao campo da saúde e que esse procedimento pode ser um instrumento de proteção à infância e a adolescência, quando integrado a outras práticas de cuidado.

  11. Electric power: governmental view regarding the chemical and petrochemical industries; Energia eletrica: visao governamental de seu contexto envolvendo a industria quimica e petroquimica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Demostenes Barbosa da [Departamento Nacional de Aguas e Energia Eletrica, Brasilia (Brazil)

    1994-12-31

    Points of view regarding the production and supply of energy, the commercialization and tariffs over electric-power consumption are presented. The governmental view is showed, considering economical and political aspects. Consideration and recommendations about the relationship between the chemical and petrochemical industries and the electric power industry are discussing in details. 25 refs, 2 tabs.

  12. Synthesis and characterization of semi-IPNs based on PVP and PLLA; Sintese e caracterizacao de semi-IPNs envolvendo os homopolimeros PVP e PLLA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camilo, A.P.R.; Mano, V., E-mail: mano@ufsj.edu.b [Universidade Federal de Sao Joao del Rei (UFSJ), MG (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Naturais; Felisberti, M.I. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (IQ/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica

    2010-07-01

    The specific interest in the synthesis of semi-IPNs based on PLLA and PVP homopolymers due to the fact these are biodegradable and biocompatible, which allows us to infer applications in the medical field as sutures, implants, matrices for controlled release of drugs etc. The objective was to prepare a multicomponent material amphiphile in the form of semi-interpenetrating polymer networks, based on poly (L-lactide), PLLA, hydrophobic homopolymer, and poly (vinylpyrrolidone), PVP, hydrophilic component. The preparation of semi-IPN combined the polymerization and crosslinking of N-vinylpyrrolidone in the presence of poly (L-lactide). The products were characterized by spectroscopic and thermal methods. (author)

  13. Juros Sobre o Capital Próprio: Uma Análise Envolvendo a Empresa Pagadora e o Acionista Recebedor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Fernandes Malaquias

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available No meio acadêmico, o tema Juros Sobre o Capital Próprio (JSCP tem sido pesquisado sobre diferentes enfoques, estando a contribuição desta pesquisa relacionada com o planejamento tributário das empresas. Desta forma, o objetivo principal desta pesquisa é apresentar que, além dos interesses dos gestores em economizar tributos com a contabilização de JSCP, ao se observarem os impostos pagos pelos acionistas ao receberem esta forma de remuneração talvez não seja interessante contabilizar. Após o desenvolvimento de uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema, conceituando inclusive o custo de oportunidade, desenvolveram-se três diferentes cenários e três conseqüentes simulações. Com o auxílio do software Crystal Ball, obtiveram-se principalmente os dois seguintes resultados: para acionistas pessoas jurídicas, a contabilização de JSCP pela empresa de que são sócios não é tributariamente interessante; em oposto, para acionistas pessoas físicas, tal situação já se mostra vantajosa. Como considerações finais, têm-se que um planejamento tributário adequado deve englobar o interesse da empresa juntamente com os de seus proprietários e, com isso, em certos casos, a contabilização de JSCP não será interessante. Nem sempre a contabilização da citada remuneração será sinônimo de economia tributária para o conjunto composto pela empresa pagadora e acionistas recebedores.

  14. E-Area LLWF Vadose Zone Model: Probabilistic Model for Estimating Subsided-Area Infiltration Rates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dyer, J. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Flach, G. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2017-12-12

    A probabilistic model employing a Monte Carlo sampling technique was developed in Python to generate statistical distributions of the upslope-intact-area to subsided-area ratio (AreaUAi/AreaSAi) for closure cap subsidence scenarios that differ in assumed percent subsidence and the total number of intact plus subsided compartments. The plan is to use this model as a component in the probabilistic system model for the E-Area Performance Assessment (PA), contributing uncertainty in infiltration estimates.

  15. Social Assessment of Specially Protected Natural Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Viktorovna Mikhailova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Approaches to the consideration of functions of specially protected natural areas (SPNA in the development of society seek to determine the size of the territory withdrawn from agricultural use for the purposes of nature conservation; these approaches also aim to evaluate money revenue gained from these territories. However, the influence of SPNA on public life is not reduced to the “monetization” of the territory. People who live near conservation areas and experience the advantages (disadvantages of such neighbourhood should be the focus of the study of the social role of protected areas. The social role of SPNA in the life of local communities in the Arkhangelsk Oblast and the Karelia Republic was identified with the help of public opinion survey. In total 575 people participated in the survey. The research was carried out in the settlements located within the boundaries of Kenozersky and Vodlozersky national parks, and near Shilovsky Nature Reserve. When measuring the impact of conservation areas on the society of the neighbouring settlements, the authors define the axiological, emotional-and-psychological, activityand-regulatory, economic, forecasting and integrated components. The research findings show that the residents acknowledge the conservation value of protected areas; many of the inhabitants of adjacent territories do not experience inconveniences in connection with the special environmental regime, they earn income connected to the operation of SPNA; there is a positive attitude towards the activity of SPNA. If these areas cease functioning, then one third of the respondents expect negative changes in their life. Specially protected natural areas contribute to the socio-cultural and spiritual development of the local community to a greater extent in comparison with its socio-economic development. The presence of SPNA on the territory of the municipality opens up opportunities for new types of economic activities, provides

  16. Driftless Area Initiative Biomass Energy Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wright, Angie [Northeast Iowa Resource Conservation & Development, Inc., Postville, IA (United States); Bertjens, Steve [Natural Resources Conservation Service, Madison, WI (United States); Lieurance, Mike [Northeast Iowa Resource Conservation & Development, Inc., Postville, IA (United States); Berguson, Bill [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States). Natural Resources Research Inst.; Buchman, Dan [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States). Natural Resources Research Inst.

    2012-12-31

    The Driftless Area Initiative Biomass Energy Project evaluated the potential for biomass energy production and utilization throughout the Driftless Region of Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The research and demonstration aspect of the project specifically focused on biomass energy feedstock availability and production potential in the region, as well as utilization potential of biomass feedstocks for heat, electrical energy production, or combined heat and power operations. The Driftless Region was evaluated because the topography of the area offers more acres of marginal soils on steep slopes, wooded areas, and riparian corridors than the surrounding “Corn Belt”. These regional land characteristics were identified as potentially providing opportunity for biomass feedstock production that could compete with traditional agriculture commodity crops economically. The project researched establishment methods and costs for growing switchgrass on marginal agricultural lands to determine the economic and quantitative feasibility of switchgrass production for biomass energy purposes. The project was successful in identifying the best management and establishment practices for switchgrass in the Driftless Area, but also demonstrated that simple economic payback versus commodity crops could not be achieved at the time of the research. The project also analyzed the availability of woody biomass and production potential for growing woody biomass for large scale biomass energy production in the Driftless Area. Analysis determined that significant resources exist, but costs to harvest and deliver to the site were roughly 60% greater than that of natural gas at the time of the study. The project contributed significantly to identifying both production potential of biomass energy crops and existing feedstock availability in the Driftless Area. The project also analyzed the economic feasibility of dedicated energy crops in the Driftless Area. High commodity crop prices

  17. Shellfish Harvest Prohibition Areas for 2011; shellfish11

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Geospatial vector polygon data defining shellfishing prohibition areas, seasonal, and conditional shellfish closure areas, and areas open to legal shellfish...

  18. X chromosome inactivation in mammalian embryonic development/Inactivación del cromosoma X en el desarrollo embrionario mamífero/Inativação do cromossomo X no desenvolvimento embrionário dos mamíferos

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mariano Eliécer Acosta Lobo; Neil Aldrin Vásquez Araque; Luis Fernando Londoño Franco

    2013-01-01

    .... The inactivation of the X chromosome is a multiepigenetic process closely linked to embryonic development, involving the transcriptional silencing of one of the two X chromosomes in mammalian females cells...

  19. Cinética de inativação da polifenoloxidase e peroxidase de abacate (Persea americana Mill. Kinetic of inactivation of polyphenoloxidase and peroxidase of avocado (Persea americana Mill.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rúbia Caroline Luíz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Extratos enzimáticos foram preparados a partir da polpa de abacate (Persea americana Mill. dos cultivares Quintal, Fortuna e Choquete, em dois estádios de maturação (verde e maduro. A polpa de abacate (150,00g foi homogeneizada em liquidificador, com 300 mL de solução tampão fosfato de sódio 100mM em pH 7,4 para polifenoloxidase (PPO e pH 6,0 para peroxidase (POD. A peroxidase ionicamente ligada foi extraída usando solução de NaCl 1,0M, em tampão fosfato de sódio 100mM pH 6,0. Para o estudo da estabilidade térmica, os extratos foram submetidos a temperaturas de 60, 65, 70, 75 e 80ºC e por períodos que variaram de 1 à 10 minutos e a atividade enzimática foi determinada por espectrofotometria (lambda= 395nm para PPO e lambda= 460nm para POD. Pode-se observar que o declínio rápido da atividade das enzimas era maior nos primeiros quatro minutos e após esse período, com o aumento da temperatura e do tempo, a atividade continuou diminuindo, porém de forma mais lenta. A energia de ativação na faixa de temperatura estudada para as porções termolábil e termorresistente, apresentou valores dentro da faixa 12-100 kcal/mol.Enzymatic extracts were prepared from the avocado pulp (Persea americana Mill., using the cultivars Quintal, Fortuna and Choquete, in two different maturation stages (green and mature avocados. The avocado pulp (150,00g was homogenized in blender with 300 mL of sodium phosphate buffer 100mM at pH 7.4 for polyphenoloxidase (PPO and pH 6.0 for peroxidase (POD. The peroxidase ionically bound was extracted using NaCl solution 1.0M in sodium phosphate buffer 100mM pH 6.0. For the study of the thermal stability the extracts were submitted at temperatures of 60, 65, 70, 75 and 80ºC for periods that had a variation from 1 to 10 minutes and the enzymatic activity was determined using a spectrophotometer (lambda= 395nm for PPO and lambda= 460nm for POD. It was possible to observe a fast decline of the enzyme activity in the first four minutes, after this period, with the increase of the temperature and time, the activity continued decreasing, however in a slower way. The activation energy in the studied temperature showed for the portions heat labile and heat resistant presented values inside 12-100 kcal/mol.

  20. EURO AREA FISCAL STRUCTURES. A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HURDUZEU Gheorghe

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The European framework for fiscal policies is constructed mainly on the objective of monitoring budget balances and public debt, allowing national governments to decide on the specific fiscal policy that is more suitable to their internal context and public needs. However, for Euro Area member states this autonomy is restricted by the conditions imposed through the Stability and Growth Pact. As the recent macroeconomic dynamics underlined the necesity of improving the fiscal outcomes, the fiscal framework was updated and modified by the provisions of the new European economic governance meant to avoid unsound and unsustainable fiscal policies that could affect the stability of other Euro Area member states. The Six-Pack, the Fiscal Compact and the other conditions imposed by the reform of the fiscal governance framework are meant to ensure more discipline in drafting and executing national budgets. Even so, national authorities maintain their fiscal sovereignty and the decision regarding fiscal structures remains at their disposal, as long as the drafts are approved and the outcomes are maintained in the limits imposed through the supranational fiscal framework. Regardless of the numerous differences between member states, similar trends regarding tax mixes can be noticed in time. The objectives of this paper is to analyze fiscal structures of Euro Area member states and to determine, if any, groups with similar fiscal structures, their composition and the similarities that characterize Euro Area in this respect. In order to have a clear overview of fiscal structures within Euro Area, we analyzed data for 17 member states, for year 2012, taking into consideration total general government revenue, indirect taxation, direct taxation and social contributions. As one of the aims of this paper is to determine whether in Euro Area the main contributors are corporations or individuals, we also analyzed the structure of direct taxation, dividing it into