In this article, the characteristics and functions of body language are expounded, emphasizing that the proper use of body language in English teaching, including facial expression, guestures and body distance. They can enrich the content of English teaching, diversify teaching method and add vividness to the teaching to achieve better results .
Critical Language Awareness (CLA) is an approach to language teaching based on a critical sociocultural theory of language and critical discourse analysis. CLA has a great relationship with English language teaching, but there are few articles talking about it. So the author here will present her understanding of the relationship between CLA and English language.
@@ 1.Introduction In English language teaching,language transfer has been a controversial topic and more linguistic researchers have a better and more comprehensive understanding of it.Transfer means the influence resulting from the similarities and differences between the English language and mother tongue which has been previously acquired.
British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.
This profile in outline form of the English language teaching situation in Uruguay discusses the role of English within Uruguayan society and within the educational system. Though English is quite widely used for reading scientific, technical and medical publications, and while it is considered important culturally in higher professions, it is not…
Selvi, A. F.; Yazan, B.
English has unquestionably become a global phenomenon, generating a fundamental discussion of EIL pedagogy for English language teaching practitioners around the world. Teaching English as an International Language captures this important moment in the history of English language teaching. Readers will find an accessible introduction to the past,…
Wu Qixuan; Zhao Shuncai
Language is closely related to culture. Language expresses and embodies cultural reality, in the meantime, culture exerts enormous influences on language. Therefore, language learning is often culture learning. The author, based on the negligence of culture teaching in English language classes, illustrates the influences of cultural knowledge on reading, translating and intercultural communicating, and proposes suggestions on culture teaching in English language teaching (ELT).
This study discusses English as an international language and English teaching in China. Concerning this subject, the paper elaborates the following seven aspects:the concept and features of English as an international language, emergence of new varieties of Englishes, emergence of new varieties of Englishes, the impact of economic globalization on the scope of the English language, the controversy of English standardization and localization, English localization in China and the revelation of English globalization to English teaching.
This article centers on one of the widely discussed teaching approaches: Communicative Language Teaching (CLT).Language is a means of communication. Undoubtedly, foreign language teaching is to cultivate students' communicative competence of using a foreign language. China, as the country with the largest population learning English in the world, is extensively involved in ommunicative language teaching. Communicative approach in English language teaching is frequently discussed and debated.
This paper highlights the impact of gender differences in English Language Teaching. It explores students’ learning styles as affected by the notions about men and women differences in communication. The data collected in 2008 from 20 males and 20 females’ English students of the State University of Makassar. It is to reveal their attitudes towards speaking to different sex, strategy to express opinion, group work preferences, activeness/passiveness, and their perception to increase English s...
Vásquez, Anete; Smith, Philip C
This thoroughly revised and updated edition of Teaching Language Arts to English Language Learners provides readers with the comprehensive understanding of both the challenges that face ELLs and ways in which educators might address them in the language arts classroom. The authors offer proven techniques that teachers can readily use to teach reading, writing, grammar, and vocabulary as well as speaking, listening, and viewing skills. A complete section is also devoted to ways teachers can integrate all five strands of the language arts curriculum into a comprehensive unit of study w
Zhang, Xue-wei; Yan, Ying-jun
It's obvious that the teaching situation and teaching methods used in English Language Teaching (ELT) in China need to be changed to involve culture instead of language knowledge only. To further explain the importance of culture teaching, teachers need to know to what extent cultural background knowledge influences language learning and teaching,…
Daskalovska, Nina; Ivanovska, Biljana
This handbook for English language students presents the major teaching methods and approaches that have been used in English language teaching and learning. It is divided into two parts. Part I gives an overview of first and second/foreign language acquisition theories, such as the behaviourist, the innatist, the cognitive, the interactionist and the creative-construction theory. Part II describes the English language teaching methods and approaches that have been popular at different times ...
@@ 1. Introduction English now is said to be an intemational language or a global language. When we say this, do we really understand what it means?This is an important question we have to ask ourselves in Japan now when the nation' s 24,000 public primary schools are preparing to introduce English language teaching (ELT) to their third grade pupils in 2002 (For information, see Honna and Takeshita 1998, 2000 ).Actually, it seems extremely difficult to comprehend various sorts of logical deductions stemming from the current state of the English language.
Reyes, Sharon Adelman
This book provides guidelines for using constructivist teaching methods with English language learners and includes classroom examples, grade-level connections, and strategies that promote educational equity.
Improvisation or transfer is the core of a course,based on the communicative approach. That is,the students are required to transfer what they learned in the textbook to real-life situation as far as possible. And in the present-day textbook of Middle School, the courses are organized in authentic everyday situations in which students can easily identify. So in the process of English teaching,it is very important for the teachers to set the language contexts correctly and flexibly.
ABSTRACT The diploma thesis ``Lesson planning in English language teaching`` explores the aspects of lesson planning in English language teaching of three teachers with various length of the pedagogical teaching practice. The aim of this diploma thesis is to find out how detailed lesson planning the teachers prepare, what they focus on, if the methodology is more important than language and if they use their lesson planning in other parallel classes. The thesis is divided into a theoretical a...
This document contains ideas for teaching English as a second language to young children from varied language backgrounds. Several visual aids are discussed: the object box, pictorial games, the felt board and experience chart, action games, and instructional pictures. (VM)
The theory of Error Analysis is a crucial part in the research of second language acquisition and it has significant influence on exploring the pattern of English teaching.Although there are some limitations in error analysis both in theory and practice, its significant role has been proved and recognized.It is inevitable that how to scientifically treat the errors will be become more and more popular in modern English teaching.The aim of this paper is to show the importance of error analysis in English teaching and also present how well it can function in English language teaching.
Full Text Available This paper highlights the impact of gender differences in English Language Teaching. It explores students’ learning styles as affected by the notions about men and women differences in communication. The data collected in 2008 from 20 males and 20 females’ English students of the State University of Makassar. It is to reveal their attitudes towards speaking to different sex, strategy to express opinion, group work preferences, activeness/passiveness, and their perception to increase English skills dealing with sex difference. It is revealed that female than male students were reluctant to speak to different sex; females preferred the direct way to express opinions (writing, work with the same sex, and tended to be passive in class. In addition, females saw the high possibility to increase their English skills by working with the same sex but the reverse is true for males. These different styles of female and male students in learning English were affected by the notions of women’s language.
Language is not only part of culture, but also the carrier. The relationship between them decides the important role of culture teaching in language teaching. However, some problems still exist in college English teaching. For example, classroom English teaching time is not enough for culture teaching; English learners’native language thinking has negative transfer in the target language learning, etc.. In order to solve these problems, this paper tends to discuss whether English teaching should put an emphasis on Big-C Culture or Little-c Culture.
Language is a means of communication. Communicative Language Teaching is an effective approach for English teaching and learning .This paper, first of all, introduces Communicative Language Teachings’ background and the basis theory of CLA. Then it analyzes the primary principles and the goal of Communicative Language Approach. Finally, it put forward that communicative language teaching is best considered an approach rather than a method.
This paper illustrates the definition and classification of pragmatic failure, causes of pragmatic failure and relation between pragmatic failure and English language teaching based on cross-cultural communication and pragmatic theory. It analyses students' pragmatic failure during their learning English and communicating with native speakers of English in detail, points out that English language teaching should take communicative culture and training students' pragmatic competence as main points. When teachers of English improve students' speech competence, they also should let students know the close relation between cultural differences and pragmatic differences and cross-cultural communication. Thus they should improve students' pragmatic competence to reduce their pragmatic failure.
Varghese, Manka M.; Johnston, Bill
Evangelical Christians are an enduring and growing presence in the field of English language teaching worldwide and in the TESOL organization in particular. Yet to date, hardly any empirical research has been done on this population of teachers or on the links between English teaching, religious beliefs, and missionary work. This article reports…
Teacher can change subject matter from prose to poetry, from essay writing to letter writing to prevent the class from monotonous routine. Audio-Visual aids can add to the presentation of the topic. Students can be encouraged to listen to English news and Key words: English teaching, language teaching, role of teacher
BADEA ELENA CODRUTA
Full Text Available In the last two decades, legal English has attracted increasing interest and awareness, especially because English is predominantly the language of international legal practice. Legal English must be seen in the overall context of English for Specific Purposes , as it shares the important elements of need analysis, syllabus design, course design, and materials selection and development which are common to all fields of work in ESP. As with other varieties of ESP, Legal English implies the definition of a specific language corpus, usages of various teaching strategies and emphasis on particular kinds of communication in a specific context.The article aims to highlight some aspects of teaching legal English by a non-native teacher who is not an expert in law. It particularly focuses attention on the development of basic communication skills and the use of lexical approaches in successful language acquisition in legal English.
The cultural education has various influences for the English language teaching, Therefore, the teachers should pay much attention to the dissemination of cultural knowledge to the students. This thesis starts with the definition of culture. And then it analyzes the cause from the cultural education. We can have a thorough understanding of the cultural education from different angles to interpret the cultural education. The conclusion part of the paper, it illustrates explicitly the relationship between English. It starts with the function of English on the science technology, at last, the paper has a general conclusion of the content, focusing on the cultural education in English language teaching.
CAI(Computer-Assisted Instruction),a kind of teaching methodology characterized by modern technology,has become a possibility in the application of modem education.CAI in ELT can provide various teaching environments and diverse study patterns which traditional teaching can not achieve.This paper mainly introduces the importance of CAI and discusses its effective use in ELT.As a newly developed technique,CAI is either a challenge or an opportunity for our teachers.If we can grasp this chance properly,our English teaching will surely have a bright future.
Zerkina, Natalya N.; Kostina, Nataliia N.; Urazayeva, Nailya R.; Lomakina, Yekaterina A.; Emets, Tatiana V.; Gallyamova, Maria S.; Melnikova, Elena P.; Trutnev, Alexey Yu.; Lukina, Oksana A.
The article focuses on peculiarities of English adjective teaching as one of main and important lexicological basis. As the English language nowadays is important and universal as a native language of worldwide society, exactly that's why process of learning must include wide range of techniques not only as a process of learning theories but also…
Grammar is an important part of language learning. In order for students to have a functional knowledge of a language (in other words, that they can spontaneously produce language) they must have at least some knowledge about the grammatical con⁃structs of the language in question. How grammar can be taught? Considering various second language teaching methods, teaching grammar through Communicative Language Teaching Approach is the most talked. Emphasis in this article is put on the applica⁃tion of Communicative Language Teaching Approach in grammar teaching in college English classes.
@@ Language is a part of culture and plays a very important role in it.Some social scientists consider it the keystone of culture.Language and culture evolved together and have been mutually development through their history.The rise of civilization and the development of writing exhibit the same kind of mutual dependenee.Much of the recent work has revealed that language is related to cognition,and cognition in turn is related tO the cultural setting.1 would like to put forwards three principles to teach culture in English language teaching.Now I gladly have the opportunity to exchange my view with you.
English language teaching textbooks (or coursebooks) play a central role in the life of a classroom. This edited volume contains research-informed chapters focusing on: analysis of textbook content; how textbooks are used in the classroom; and textbook writers' accounts of the materials writing, design, and publishing process.
Jenks, Christopher J.
This paper discusses the importance of teaching English language learners (ELLs) three reading strategies to help facilitate a productive literacy environment, suggesting that students must be taught specific reading strategies in which purpose, comprehension, and memorization are facilitated. The first section presents a pre-reading strategy,…
With the development of the cross-cultural communication,more and more people have recognized the interaction between language and culture.Each culture has its own characteristic and is different from one another.Because of cultural differences,difficulties often arise in communication between different people.In China,English is taught as a foreign language.Both teachers and students should be aware of the differences between eastern and western culture in their teaching and study.
@@ Classroom language is an extremely important form of talk.In a foreign language classroom,the teacher has to organize language teaching by using the target language.Therefore,classroom language in foreign language teaching seems more important.
Full Text Available This study wants to investigate the role of English Language Teaching and Learning in Iran. This study also wants to investigate the effect of the relationship between the language learning strategies of the students and language teaching strategies of teachers on the academic achievement of the students. The importance of English as a world language, the advance of technology and education reform envisaged by the new Constitution are key determinants for new developments for English language teaching and learning in Iran in this decade. This paper will first focus on the role of English and the problems of English language teaching in Iran. It will also touch on the part of education reform which is related to English language teaching. Then, it will state what has been planned or already done to improve the English language teaching and learning situation in Iran, now and in the future.
Full Text Available A hedge is a mitigating word or sound used to lessen the impact of an utterance. It can be an adjective, for example, â€˜Small potato me is not as strong as youâ€™; or an adverb: â€˜I maybe can swim faster than youâ€™, while it can also consist of clauses, that it could be regarded as a form of euphemism which should be taught as a main topic in English class of schools around the world. For instance, in Hong Kong schools, based on my observation while teaching in a number of primary and secondary English courses as a tutor, students report that their school teachers usually emphasize the teaching of all cohesive devices in terms of skills of writing while they neglect to explain the importance of the use of hedges in order to show euphemism. In this study, I would adopt Corpus Linguistics, a division of applied linguistics, as methodology to discover a great deal of hedges employed by so-called native speakers of English, for promoting the idiomatic usage of hedges in writing, nevertheless in speaking, so as to help teachers gain resources and inspiration in teaching to students the appropriate English hedges as a consequence of the authorâ€™s hard effort while revealing from the selected corpora of this paper.
With the invention and development of computer, Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) and multimedia have been made possible in English language learning and teaching throughout the world. Wikipedia is one of the most popularly used in English language learning and teaching. However, Wikipedia has not been widely used in mainland China up to now. This paper intends to introduce the ways of using Wikipedia in English language learning and teaching.
This article analyzes the kind of English we should teach in school under the world globalization, whether we should teach the Standard English or non-standard English. Finally, generate the discussion between teaching standard and non-standard variety of English not only in China but also other ESL and EOL countries.
As China develops and is more frequently in contact with foreign countries, people have come to realize that traditional English teaching method can no longer meet the needs of development Since 1970s, the communicative approach has been paid much attention and widely employed in foreign language teaching. This article gives an account of the definition of communicative approach and the application of it in ELT. The writer also put forward some suggestions or criteria for teachers to take in the end of this article.
Chinh, Nguyen Duc
The focus of culture in English language teaching (ELT) has traditionally been on the target culture of English speaking countries. However, the new status of English as international language (EIL) has led to significant changes in the practice of teaching and learning culture in ELT. Rather than relying on the paradigm of native speaker…
The development and wide spread of English language has led to the internationalization and localization of English language, during which English language is widely used in international communications by people with different mother tongues, in addition, English variations on different levels and local varieties have emerged. In consideration to the changes above, this paper aims to, firstly, examine the status of English language as an international language (ELL); secondly, explore the future of English language teaching (ELT) in China under a global context.
Body language, as the most important nonverbal communication method, is a kind of silent language that people use their appearances, actions, gestures to express their thoughts and feelings. It is the innovation in English teaching field and this ad-vanced teaching method is very popular in Chinese-English teaching nowadays. It plays the key role to the success of the English teaching class. In this paper, the concept of body language and its importance, concrete utilization in English teaching have been further discussed.
The functions of the Body Language is significant in the course of English teaching.It not only makes teacher express himself in class and creates an active atmosphere for students to study English, but also stimulates students’ interest to learn and master English.The most important thing is developing students’ ability of speaking English or communicating with others in English.
ELT is in a flux, but certain exploratory and empirical studies reported a decade or two ago have potential for adaptation. The articles in the volume not only offer a substantive and methodological perspective for teachers and educators in relevant facets of ELT but also present international and comparative dimensions of applied language teaching practices. The contributing teacher-researchers reflect on learners' proficiency and their performances, errors in the usage of conjunctions, idiomatic expressions, vocabulary learning, rhetorical structures in everyday English use, functional appli
This paper elaborates the concept and characteristics of body language and emphasizes the function of body language in English teaching. The usages of the eyes, facial expressions, the senses of touch and gestures, which can set off the content of the English course, make English teaching attain a new state that is full of feeling. Usually, it can arise the students'interest in English studying. Meanwhile, this paper gives us some rune tional suggestions and conclusions.
A discussion of the state of second language education and English teaching in Britain focuses on the role of applied linguistics in the field. Four major points are made: that (1) books on language are not common in the syllabi of language teacher education; (2) current philosophies on language teaching appear to be either reactionary or romantic…
Communicative Language Teaching ( CLT) can promote learners’ communicative competence in the target language, and it can definitely contribute to the English education reform in China. However, some problems of adopting CLT can not be ignored.
The ultimate goal of foreign language teaching is to enable the students to use the foreign language in work of life when necessary. Thus we should teach language in the way that is used in the real world. But the basic precondition is that learner must be interested in foreign language. In my opinion, during the English learning process,“interest is the best teacher”. But many students don’t like to learn English, the reason is that they are not interested in English. Therefore, a suc-cessful language teacher must know how to raise students’interest in learning English, make them enjoy learning English. In addition, the language teaching method is very important, it must renew continuously, teachers should use the vivid and diverse teaching method to organize students to participate in extensive language practice activities, so as to improve stu-dents’study enthusiasm.
BADEA ELENA CODRUTA
In the last two decades, legal English has attracted increasing interest and awareness, especially because English is predominantly the language of international legal practice. Legal English must be seen in the overall context of English for Specific Purposes , as it shares the important elements of need analysis, syllabus design, course design, and materials selection and development which are common to all fields of work in ESP. As with other varieties of ESP, Legal English implies the def...
Donelson, Ken, Ed.
This issue of the "Arizona English Bulletin" contains 29 articles related to language teaching in high school English classes. Among the subjects covered are: grammar; signs, symbols, and metaphors; linguistic analysis in the teaching of composition; bilingualism; dialect study; semantics; generative rhetoric and the teaching of composition;…
Liu, Na; Lin, Chih-Kai; Wiley, Terrence G.
Since the 1980s, China has represented one of the major growth areas in the world for English language education, and studying English has been a priority among its foreign language educational policies. As English has gained more popularity in China, some have noted the potential value of English as a means to greater educational access and…
Siddiqie, Shamsun Akhter
The treatment of culture in foreign language textbooks is comparatively a new trend in English Language Teaching (ELT) which is based on the growing consensus that language textbooks should attempt to raise students' awareness of international culture as well as that of their own. Being influenced by this thought, Bangladesh too like many other…
Larry; E.Smith; Graham; Crookes; Frank; Tang
Creativity and innovation in English language teaching(ELT)are frequently discussed and debated. Recently the Ministry of Education(MOE)of China has urged the development of a system,which en- hances creative ability in students at all levels. Hawaii’s East-West Center in collaboration with the Ohana Foundation implemented an educational re- search activity designed to assess the current needs and best practices for English language teaching and learn- ing at the middle school level in China.The project focused on increasing creativity and innovation in English language education and used case studies of successful English language teaching/learning as the unit of analysis. Researchers from both China and the United States were involved with the analysis and made rec- ommendations for implementing innovative approach- es to English language instruction and on how to in- crease creativity in teacher training,curriculum de- velopment,and the use of appropriate technology.
Mahmoud, Montasser Mohamed AbdelWahab
This article discusses the relationship between culture and English language teaching (ELT) in the Arab World. A critical question arises in terms of ELT, that is, whether to teach culture along with English. To answer such a bewildering question, this article presents related literature and studies and discusses a theoretical frame based on…
Body language, as a sort of nonverbal communication, plays an important role in the interaction between teachers and students. Body language can stir students' interest and improve the effect of teaching. It also can improve the efficiency of learning English and optimize the design of English classroom activities. The teachers should make full use of body language in class and attach importance to the principle of using body language so as to get the best result.
Spoken language and written language serve different functions in communication. It ’s necessary for English teachers to know the differences between them in order to teach effectively. This thesis analyzes the differences between spoken language and written language in four respects and their influence in English teaching.
1 Introduction Language Teaching （LT） is closely associated with the development of linguistic research. The 2oth century English language teaching （ELT） development relies greatly on the developments of other sciences among applied linguistics can be accounted as one of the major input sources.
SHI Hong-mei; Katherine Barnhouse Purgason; DING Zhi-bin
This paper focuses on the applicability of an extensive reading program to teaching English as a foreign language in Chi-na, and analyzes the feasibility of its implementation through a literature review.
The current English teaching in colleges is still characterized by the adoption of the traditional teaching method,which is known as the 3Ps approach(presentation,practice,production)and in which student participation and interaction are quite limited. Task-based language teaching(TBLT),a further development of communicative language teaching,seems to satisfy such demands by converting the communicative language teaching principles into a practical classroom teaching model. There are six important principles of designing tasks. Based on the principles of designing tasks a procedure for TBLT can be proposed.
The shrinking U.S. labor pool has caused employers to hire more immigrants with the result that the language problem has become a work place problem. More and more employers are being forced to provide English-as-a-second-language training to their employees. (JOW)
With the continual reform of language teaching and learning methods.teachers are in great demand to organize the classes in English and create English-learning circumstances.However,with the limitation of students vocabulary,teachers have to simplify their teaching hnguage with the help of facial expressions and body movements.In this article,the possibility and the effect of using body language in listening,speaking,reading and writing will be further discussed.
Alsagoff, Lubna; Hu, Guangwei; Renandya, Willy A
What general principles should inform a socioculturally sensitive pedagogy for teaching English as an International Language and what practices would be consistent with these principles? This text explores the pedagogical implications of the continuing spread of English and its role as an international language, highlighting the importance of socially sensitive pedagogy in contexts outside inner circle English-speaking countries. It provides comprehensive coverage of topics traditionally included in second language methodology courses (such as the teaching of oral skills and grammar), as well
Spoken English is one of the most practical skill that students need to obtain. It is an important link in English Teaching. However, there exist many problems in Spoken English Teaching in China and one of the most serious problems is that it lacks sufficient practice. According to the interaction hypothesis, second language acquisition occurs when learners interact in conversation with native speakers. So, interaction also plays a crucial role in Spoken English Teaching. Based on the interaction hypothesis, this paper presents some new insights for improving Spoken English Teaching and discusses its enlightenment in Spoken English Teaching Classroom. And this thesis also gives a detailed explanation of the hypothesis’s importance in SLA.
There have been many different theories and schools of thought over the years when it comes to methods of teaching English and reading. Since the majority of the population seems to read automatically and learns to read with little direct instruction, this tends to give the misconception that systematic reading instruction is unnecessary. Thankfully, studies conducted in the last decade have shown not only the benefits but also the necessity of explicit phonics instruction for a solid English...
Full Text Available In the field of English language teaching interest is growing in issues related to teaching English as an international language due to the rapidly changing status of English worldwide. This article identifies key theoretical issues, such as the spread of English, ownership of English, linguistic variation and intelligibility, and also discusses which variety of English to teach and the appropriateness of communicative language teaching methodology for teaching English as an international language. The main aim is to identify and discuss the issues related to teaching English as an international language in general, as well as highlighting the applications of these issues in the Turkish context
This paper is to reveal some connotative differences inEnglish and Chinese. Ignorance of connotative difference mayresult in difficulty or even failure in cross-culturalcommunication. Therefore, the author proposes that somecomparative studies be made to find out, with the same referencein both English and Chinese, what connotations are shared byboth English and Chinese and what are unique either in Englishor in Chinese, as is illustrated in this paper, so as to contributeto teaching English in China. Finally, the author sincerelyhopes his discussion in this paper could sensitize the dictionarymakers or textbook compilers still further to the needs of theChinese learners of English. It is they, he believes, who needhelp the most from some such dictionaries or textbooks.
China’s English Language Teaching (ELT) for non-English majors has many problems, among which the biggest one is students’incompetence in language use. To find out the root of the problems and overcome them, this paper takes a sociolinguistic view at China’s ELT for non-English majors in three different aspects and offers suggestions for its improvement.
From a national language to a world lingua franca, English is playing a more and more important role in the world. Great changes in English today have also raised peoples’ concerns about its mutual intelligibility in the global context as so many people speak different Englishes. The aim of this paper is to discuss the norm of Standard English and the paper elaborates further on the English Language Teaching issues in China today.
Önem, Evrim; Ergenç, Iclal
Much research has shown that there is a negative relationship between high levels of anxiety and success for English language teaching. This paper aimed to test a model of teaching for anxiety and success in English language teaching to affect anxiety and success levels at the same time in a control-experiment group with pre- and post-test study…
Nowadays,culture teaching is more emphasized in language teaching. But less attention is paid to the influence of pop culture in language teaching. The important role of pop culture in middle school English language teaching will be discussed in this thesis through its correlation with some factors in English language teaching.
David Nunan's dynamic learner-centered teaching style has informed and inspired countless TESOL educators around the world. In this fresh, straightforward introduction to teaching English to speakers of other languages he presents teaching techniques and procedures along with the underlying theory and principles. Complex theories and research studies are explained in a clear and comprehensible, yet non-trivial, manner without trivializing them. Practical examples of how to develop teaching materials and tasks from sound principles provide rich illustrations of theoretical constructs.
This new edition of Teach EFL is the ultimate practical reference guide to becoming an EFL teacher. "Riddell''s book is a classic - it answers all those questions new language teachers have....covers an amazing amount in a clear accessible way.". David Carr, Director of Teacher Training. International House London. This book is packed with information on:. -effective teaching techniques. -sound classroom management. -practical lesson planning. -successful job hunting and career development. This is an indispensable book for all new EFL teachers: a step-by-step guide on what to teach and how to teach it. This edition has been fully revised to include:. -insights from teachers working around the world. -up-to-date information on technology as an aid to learning. -comprehensive information on the increasingly popular task-based learning. -invaluable advice on making the transition from learning to teaching. -clear guidance on ongoing professional development. -useful examples of teaching in different internation...
Pennington, Martha C
Phonology in English Language Teaching is an introductory text, specifically directed at the needs of language teachers internationally. Combining an overview of English phonology with structured practical guidance, this text shows how phonology can be applied in the classroom.An introductory chapter provides the philosophical framework, followed by separate chapters on the phonology of consonants, vowels and prosody. As well as presenting core material on English phonology, the book explores the relationship of orthography to the English sound system from a historical and a pre
As the English teaching and learning methods reforms,the class circumstances become more and more important.With the help of facial expressions and body movements,teachers can easily solve the reality of the limitation of students ’ vocabulary.The paper analyzes the importance and the concrete application of body language in English teaching,which concludes the ability of listening,speaking,reading and writing.
In the traditional intensive English classroom, the teacher plays the dominant role; he is the lecturer who is interested in presenting language items, the organizer of teaching and learning activities, and the assessor of learners' performance.Students are usually bench-bound listeners. They watch the teacher explaining language points and giving samples, take
During the most recent educational reform in Estonia, a new National Curriculum was introduced in 2010 providing new guidelines for education generally and foreign languages specifically. To investigate the understanding that an EFL (English as a Foreign Language) teacher has about professional teaching and whether it matches the principles of the…
Ioana Claudia Horea
Full Text Available Teaching English as a foreign language requires very different approaches if we consider the recipients of the didactic process. Concerning the practical aspects of the primary task of a language instructor, namely teaching, skills of all sorts are required in order to be able to use best methods and most appropriate resources and up to date materials and devices. Moreover, to teach students of your own mother tongue is one very distinct thing from teaching foreigners. These two categories, namely students of the same mother tongue as their teacher and foreigners, have two things in common, namely: first, they are the subjects on whom the activity of teaching English is to be applied and second, this language is not their native tongue. These facts can thus be reduced to one idea: addressing to recipients of EFL teaching. Still, there is a big difference between teaching the first category mentioned, those who have the same mother tongue as the teacher and teaching the second category, foreigners, to whom not even the vaguest hints can be provided in other language than English. There comes a new challenge, an extra endeavour for an even more special approach. This study undertakes to present some of the distinctions entailed at the level of teaching methods and to parallel the diverse methodological approaches for the two situations presented. Are the four skills that language acquisition assumes to be taught distinctly and shall the approaches in each particular situation differ from one case to the other or not too much? It takes some distinct features to be or, better saying, to become a teacher of languages; and to teach English as foreign language to foreigners is a new development within this typology, a diverse dimension. New levels of character traits are instinctively reached by instructors in order to better cope, unconsciously, psychologically and emotionally, with the upgraded’ challenges.
The ultimate goal of foreign language teaching is to enable the students to use the foreign language in work of life when necessary.Thus we should teach language in the way that is used in the real world.But the basic precondition is that learner must be interested in foreign language.In my opinion,during the English learning process,"interest is the best teacher".But many students don’t like to learn English,the reason is that they are not interested in English.Therefore,a successful language teacher must know how to raise students’interest in learning English,make them enjoy learning English.In addition,the language teaching method is very important,it must renew continuously,teachers should use the vivid and diverse teaching method to organize students to participate in extensive language practice activities,so as to improve students’study enthusiasm.
With the development of the relations between China and ASEAN, English language learning and teaching is playing a more and more important role -- especially, the importance of location of Yunnan province as a"major bridgehead" for international relations with Southeast Asia. Because of the policy of making English an official language in ASEAN,'Opportunities and Challenges' shall be discussed in this article. Also, some suggestions to enhance teacher training would be proposed.
This paper makes a brief analysis on the approach of the Task-based English Language Teaching.Task based language teaching approach is a very useful method which is commonly used in English language learning classroom for second language learners.During the several English teaching in the experimental English class,the author states a brief analysis on the language acquisition approach applied in the students reading,writing,listening and speaking.
In this paper, the author reviews the history of English language teaching English as a second or foreign language in schools and colleges in Nepal. Teaching English language and literature in Nepal is of about a half a decade, starting from the mid of twentieth century. English learners in Nepal do not have enough exposure to various techniques…
Li he ying; Niululu
With the continuous reform of English teaching,Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) comes out and is promoted.The author introduces and analyzes the meaning of TBLT,studies its' function in English teaching to find out its'necessity.
Li; he; ying; Niu; lulu
With the continuous reform of English teaching,Task-based Language Teaching(TBLT) comes out and is promoted.The author introduces and analyzes the meaning of TBLT,studies its’ function in English teaching to find out its’ necessity.
Demiroz, Hakan; Yesilyurt, Savas
Studies conducted so far have mainly focused on investigating the characteristics of effective foreign language teachers to understand the role of teacher effectiveness in the process of language learning, while there is scarcity of studies focusing on the perceptions of the characteristics of effective foreign language teaching of the students of…
Alina Nicoleta Padurean
The goal of this study is to determine the most appropriate methods and techniques used for Teaching English to children with special educational needs and to determine whether they should take the courses in foreign languages in mainstream education or with a supporting teacher. The study is based on a questionnaire applied to teachers of English and on questionnaires answered by children with special educational needs and children without learning difficulties. The theoretical part covers s...
Atai, Mahmood Reza; Mazlum, Farhad
The present study investigates English language teaching (ELT) curriculum planning in Iran's Ministry of Education and its implementation by teachers. We studied programme evaluation; needs analysis; the ELT-specific documents; communication channels between planning and practice levels; teacher evaluation and student assessment;…
Sato, Takahiro; Hodge, Samuel R.
The purpose of the current study was to describe and explain the views on teaching English Language Learners (ELLs) held by six elementary physical education (PE) teachers in the Midwest region of the United States. Situated in positioning theory, the research approach was descriptive-qualitative. The primary sources of data were face-to-face…
Task-based Language Teaching was put forward in 1980s.The present paper aims to make a brief introduction about task-based language teaching approach and investigate the application of task-based language teaching approach in junior high school English classes in order to make it better adapt to the development of English teaching in China.
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) is considered to be one of the ‘best methods’ for English language teaching since it was introduced into China. This paper mainly talks about the feasibility study of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) from both positive and negative aspects in Chinese College English teaching environment, and further studies why Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) can be integrated with College English in China.
Matsuda, Aya, Ed.
This book critically examines current ELT practices vis-a-vis the use of English as an international lingua franca. It bridges the gap between theoretical discussion and the practical concerns of teaching English as an international language (EIL), and presents diverse approaches for preparing competent users of English in international contexts.…
Sri Rejeki Murtiningsih
The article aims to review English language teaching to speakers of other languages and other related aspects such as the use of technology and the first language in classroom practices. As the need for English language competency develops, efforts to support students learning also change. In addition to the teaching techniques, the technology development has also gained attention for improving effective teaching and learning. Because English is a language that is not used in daily communi...
Many Non-English majors of vocational college experience language anxiety when they speak English in the class. Many scholars have investigated language anxiety for years, which means that this prob- lem has attracted more and more attention. However, most of the investigations are carried on among university undergraduates while little re- search has been done about vocational college students. So, the purpose of this paper is to analyze the current situations of oral English teaching in vocational colleges and combine the features of English and characteristics of vocational college students to find out the causes of vocational college non-English majors＇ language anxiety and help students to reduce anxiety so as to improve their oral proficiency and ultimately improving oral English teaching in higher vocational college.
Alina Nicoleta Padurean
Full Text Available The goal of this study is to determine the most appropriate methods and techniques used for Teaching English to children with special educational needs and to determine whether they should take the courses in foreign languages in mainstream education or with a supporting teacher. The study is based on a questionnaire applied to teachers of English and on questionnaires answered by children with special educational needs and children without learning difficulties. The theoretical part covers suggestions for teaching English to children with special educational needs and the practical part is a comparison between the answers provided by the interviewed teachers and students. The findings conclude that teachers are able to teach regular children simultaneously with mainstream children, though these are reluctant regarding the education of children with special educational needs in mainstream education.
Li, Zhong-guo; Song, Min-yan
This paper reconsiders the functions of the traditional English grammar teaching and the communicative language teaching. Through analysis and practice, we think that they are not opposed to each other. In order to improve the students' ability and gain better teaching results, the two kinds of teaching approaches should not be used respectively.…
Ankara : The Department of Teaching English as a Foreign Language, Bilkent University, 2010. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 2010. Includes bibliographical references leaves 77-82. Korkmaz, Hüsem Master's
This article contends that, in spite of a recent upsurge in writing on non-native English-speaking teachers (NNESTs) in the global discourse of English language teaching (ELT), the experiences of NNESTSs working within their own state educational systems remain seriously under-investigated. To help to redress this, the article explores, from their…
Teacher plays a key role in language teaching.Teaching language is the first thing that students notice of their English teacher’s English.However,there is a misleading aspect in the use of teaching language.The author picks it out and offers some possible solutions.
Teacher plays a key role in language teaching.Teaching language is the first thing that students notice of their English teacher's English.However.there is a misleading aspect in the use of teaching language.The author picks it out and offers some possible solutions.
The application of task-based language teaching in English reading teaching can be called the task-based reading teaching(TBRT),which is a new approach for teaching English reading class.This paper starts with the definition and the meaning of taskbased reading teaching,followed by the its application and at the end of the paper,a few suggestions are made in order to shed some lights on the English teachers who teach seniors'English reading.
ARVIND VASANTRAO DESHMUKH
Multimedia teaching method has been used in college English teaching wider and wider. It has contributed a lot to higher teaching quality. Chalk and Talk teaching method is not enough to teach English effectively. We should change our teaching ideas and recognize its impersonal attribute as one kind of teaching method. Thus we can utilize modern education technology reasonably to fulfill the target of college English teaching.
Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 In the field of English language teaching interest is growing in issues related to teaching English as an international language due to the rapidly changing status of English worldwide. This article identifies key theoretical issues, such as the spread of English, ownership of English, linguistic variation and intelligibility, and also discusses which variety of English to teach and the appropriateness of communicative language teaching methodology for teaching English as an international language. The main aim is to identify and discuss the issues related to teaching English as an international language in general, as well as highlighting the applications of these issues in the Turkish context
From illustrating the significance of cultural elements in vocabulary teaching, and the ctmtparison of some major differences between English and Chinese words, this paper emphasizes the indivisible relationship between vocabulary and culture. International cultural exchange occurring more and more often, this paper attempts to guide students to better understand the cultural connotation of vocabulary, enhance their awareness towards the target culture, improve their comtprehensive language skills, and, develop their cross-cultural communicative ctmtpetence.
Barfield, Susan C.; Uzarski, Joelle
One of the most important components of a culture is its language. With language, people not only expeditiously communicate; they also express their values, beliefs, and world views. When a language becomes extinct, a part of the cultural patrimony of humanity is lost. For linguists, this also means the loss of an opportunity for a better…
Groundbreaking in the ways it makes new connections among emotion, critical theory, and pedagogy, this book explores the role of students' and teachers' emotions in college instruction, illuminating key literacy and identity issues faced by immigrant students learning English in postsecondary institutions. Offering a rich blend of, and interplay between, theory and practice, it asks: How have emotions and affect been theorized from a critical perspective, and how might these theories be applied to English language teaching and learning? What do complex and shifting emotions, such as hope, disa
Full Text Available –This paper considers the pedagogical content knowledge (PCKthat Indonesian teachers require to implement the 2013 Curriculum and develop their junior high school learner’s written English effectively, as mandated by the Regulation Number 16/2007. Based on the commonalities of the PCK components in international and Indonesian teaching of English as a foreign language, the components of PCK comprise knowledge of learners, subject matter, general pedagogy, and curriculum. Following manifest-latent content analysis principles, this study identified that this regulation defines and derives the concept of PCK into what it calls teachers’ four competencies, namely pedagogical, professional, personal, and social competencies.
There has been much debate on the topic of language input and language output in College English teaching in China. This paper based on the Krashen＇s Input Hypothesis and Swain＇s Output Hypothesis to discuss the problems that existed in the college language teaching. It also put forward some suggestions learned from the two theories to improve the college language teaching quality and make students achieve the balance of language competence.
In the Philippines, English is an official language. It is used as a medium of instruction. Yet, most Filipinos learn English as an additional language because they have various mother tongues. The diverse linguistic backgrounds of Filipinos create a challenge for both English teachers and learners of English as an additional language. As all linguists continue to think of innovative ways to teach English to speakers of Filipino languages, the Philippine context presents some particular facto...
Nicolas Robert Hurst
Full Text Available This paper examines the role of illustrations in the context of English Language Teaching (ELT coursebooks produced in Portugal. Taking illustrations to be one pilar in the construction of meaning through the representation of culture, the discussion shifts between their use over the last 35 years and their potential as a source of innovation and improvement in this area of ELT materials development. The central issue relates to the need for illustrations to perform something more than a decorative function in ELT coursebooks. Further discussion deals with the general issue of cultural content in language teaching materials, its importance in relation to situating language learning as both meaningful and purposeful. There are clear links themes related to foreign language teaching methodology (the learner-centred approach and to curriculum development (citizenship education.It is argued that local coursebook publishers and writers should pay closer attention to the importance of cultural representation in language teaching materials, in this case to the use of illustrations, as a way of optimising the long-held influence of coursebooks as significant educational instruments.
A teacher's identity is thought to evolve in a continuous, situated fashion, amidst dynamic interaction between cognitive, affective, social, cultural and political factors. However, the literature provides little insight into the impact on the ongoing identity construction of class teachers when they encounter a few students with English as an…
This research study tries to understand the information processing model and social learning theory in regards to teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) to Spanish speakers by using peer teaching methods. This study will examine each theory's concepts and frameworks to better comprehend what teaching methods support English language learning.…
Altay, Ismail Firat
As is known, writing is an indispensable part of language education. As far as English Language Teaching Departments are concerned, writing courses, especially Advanced Writing Skills, are taken as a course of higher importance. However, forming a syllabus for Advanced Writing Course for English Language Teaching Departments is not an easy matter.…
Full Text Available The ever-increasing spread of English as the language of global communication leads to ever-increasing demand for learning it among adult populations of non-English-speaking countries. If such people did not have a chance of acquiring English during their school or university years but urgently need it for professional or personal purposes, they have no other choice but to go and learn it at courses offered by numerous commercial language schools and centers. In post-Communist countries, such as Ukraine, commercial language schools and centers are responsible for English language training of the majority of adults learning that language after their secondary or tertiary school studies. They also serve the needs of many high and higher schools’ students who, due to various reasons, are not satisfied with learning English at their educational institutions. However, despite the importance and spread of this specific type of language education, its pedagogical and methodological foundations have hardly been developed at all. The present article is an attempt of partly filling this gap in pedagogy and methodology of English language education in non-English-speaking countries. The paper develops some theoretical underpinnings of that kind of education in the form of six principles underlying the organization of commercial English language courses, formulating their goals, selecting the learning contents, and choosing the methods of teaching and learning. The practical consequences of adopting the six suggested principles are outlined.
@@ Chapter I Introduction "Pmpor lesson planning is essential for both novice and experienced tethers"(A course in English language teaching,2000:24).In the lesson planning.teachers determine what techniques,activities and materials will be used in the class beforehand.The question discussed in this essay is that who iS centered in the lesson planning in English language teaching.In the traditional English teaching classroom.teacher is the center of teaching and learning.
Full Text Available Fluency and accuracy are the target of learning English. Both of them have important role for the students who learn English. Consequently, a teacher should consider fluency and accuracy of the English used by the students in the classroom. It means that teaching English should teach both linguistics and communicative competence. To teach lingusitics competence, a teacher can use Grammar Translation Method (GTM. Furthermore, a teacher needs Communicative Language Teaching (CLT Method to teach commuicative competence. This article will study about the “The Implementation of Grammar Translation Method (GTM and Comunicative Language Teaching (CLT Method in Teaching Integrated English” which are applied in Basic English Station (BEST Course of Jombang. This English course can combine both GTM and CLT to teach the students. For the first time, the writer will discuss about GTM and CLT theory. Then he will describe the programs and the materials applied in this course. Afterward, the writer will discuss about the implementation of GTM and CLT which are used to explain the materials and how GTM and CLT are applied in the programs that this course has. It means that, GTM and CLT will be applied both in the classroom and the programs of this English course
Akbari, Ramin; Behzadpoor, Foad; Dadvand, Babak
The present study was carried out to develop and validate an L2 teacher reflection instrument. For this purpose, a six component model of second language (L2) teacher reflection, encompassing practical, cognitive, meta-cognitive, affective, critical and moral reflection, was developed using experts' opinion and a comprehensive review of the…
Full Text Available Advertising as one of the phenomena of modern times is often an inseparable, though undesirable part of our everyday lives. Current trends indicate that there are still more and more anglicisms, internationalisms, and particles of different cultures penetrating billboard advertisements in many towns and cities around the world, and Slovakia is no exception. The crucial question of this article is: How is it possible to use advertisements in English language teaching and learning? To answer this question, the examination is focused on: (1 defining the role and characteristic traits of advertisements; (2 searching for the linkage between the psychological principles of advertising and psychology of learning foreign languages; (3 the frequency of anglicisms and internationalisms in billboard advertisements in particular areas of selected Slovak cities; (4 concrete suggestions for teaching practice based on the previous findings.
This is a study to focus on analyzing the use of constructive teaching method toward the students' motivation in learning content subject of Introduction to Research of English Language Teaching. By using a mix-method of qualitative and quantitative analysis, the data are collected by using questionnaire and classroom observation. The…
This paper first illustrates S.D. Krashen’s language acquisition theory, especially two of his five hypotheses as well as the guidance of these theories towards the teaching of business English reading for students majored in business English.
1、 Introduction ELT must keep pace with the information times,so we' d better integrate the educational technology into ELT.As video is a medium of teaching, By means of combing audios,visuals,sounds and images,so nowadays almost every institution in china provides its students with the opportunity to watch English videos in the belief that video is an effective means of improving students' language proficiency.While this belief may be justifiable theoretically, it could hardly obtain strong support from actual practice.
The goal of the new English curriculum standards is not just to enhance the ability of using language but also to arrive at a higher reading lev-el.This means that English teachers need change timely teaching methods to improve the existing situation of English reading teaching .The purpose of the research is not only to explore how to arouse students' interest in reading but to explore some practical and effective teaching methods to improve teaching effectiveness in the future junior middle school English reading lesson.
Muhammad Arif Soomro; Natasha Memon; Shumaila Aijaz Memonc
Teaching industry of English as a second or foreign language has grown massively in recent times in Pakistan. There are many public sectors universities and English academies established all over Pakistan offering English language proficiency courses. Therefore, this wave led to conduct this research. The purpose of conducting this study was to investigate contemporary pedagogical techniques used for teaching and learning English and to introduce the concept of ESL /EFL Best Practices for eff...
Influenced by the incorrect English teaching method and the current test-driven education system, majority of English language learners in China have not only err from the right path in boosting language proficiency, but also lost their interest and confidence in acquiring English. Under such circumstances, this paper endeavors to quest for reasons and introduce new English teaching and acquisition methods based on the Comprehension Hypothesis.
The purpose of this article is to explore how important that task-based language teaching (TBLT) interacts with Infor-mation and Communication Technology (ICT) into English language teaching (ELT) in China. Many researchers have already studied that ICT and TBLT innovate the traditional teaching methods and improve our teaching or learning. However, they sepa-rated TBLT from ICT instead of integrating these two ways into ELT. Few researches studied on how importance task-based in-teracts with integration ICT into ELT in China. Under this circumstance, this article reviews the literature related to the present situation, which includes the brief introduction in English language teaching problems, the general concepts of ICT in ELT, task-based teaching methodology in ELT, some studies on task-based interacting with integration ICT into ELT, discussion and con-clusion.
Ideal as a supplementary text for a variety of courses and as a guide for in-service teachers and for professional development settings, "Teaching English Language Learners: 43 Strategies for Successful K-8 Classrooms" provides teachers of all content areas with a broad, practical approach to teaching English language learners in the regular…
Banegas, Dario; Pavese, Anahi; Velazquez, Aurelia; Velez, Sandra Maria
In 2011 we, a group of English-as-a-foreign-language teachers at a secondary school in Argentina, decided to investigate our teaching practices through collaborative action research so as to improve our students' learning opportunities and thus revitalise English-language teaching in our context. We implemented and evaluated the integration of…
Vroom, Sara J.; Seaman, Alan A.
One of the most significant trends in contemporary English language teaching is the dramatic increase in English as a foreign language (EFL) programs for younger children (ages 3-12) in school systems throughout the world. These programs have created special challenges for teachers who are nonnative English speakers (NNES). To document the…
Mansfield Gillian; Poppi Franca
The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must ne...
Task-based Language Teaching has been greatly applied to college English teaching after the traditional “PPP”teaching approach. The key links in TBLT are assignment, development and inspection of tasks. With the main method, interactive communication,“students-centered ” is stressed, and students' subjective dynamics is fully exerted. Class time can be effectively used and students' communicative ability is cultivated with the improvement of oral expression ability.
This essay firstly has a brief review on three theoretical approaches: behaviourism,innatism and interactionism,and their relationship with language acquisition.Then it points out the significance of understanding the process of language development in the practice of classroom teaching English as a foreign language.Furthermore,some constractive suggestions are put forward in order th at English teachers may achieve more in their English teaching.
Cañado, María Luisa Pérez
This article underscores the importance of keeping up to date with vocabulary which is currently employed in English-speaking countries. It argues that textbooks, dictionaries and even corpora are not the most reliable sources to do this, and puts forward a pedagogical proposal--grounded in the Lexical Approach and three pedagogical innovation…
Anchimbe, Eric A.
This paper discusses English language teaching (ELT) around the world, and argues that as a profession, it should emphasise pedagogical competence rather than native-speaker requirement in the recruitment of teachers in English as a foreign language (EFL) and English as a second language (ESL) contexts. It establishes that being a native speaker does not make one automatically a competent speaker or, of that matter, a competent teacher of the language. It observes that on many grounds, includ...
Coskun, Abdullah; Arslan, Abdullah
This paper aims to emphasize the importance of using Moodle in foreign language learning and teaching by reviewing relevant literature and introducing a Moodle-based environment aiming to help English learners to practice their English by themselves. Firstly, the use of Moodle in education and more specifically in English Language Teaching is…
With the coming of the information age, computer-based teaching model has had an important impact on English teaching. Since 2004, the trial instruction on Network-assisted Language Teaching (NALT) Model integrating the English instruction and computer technology has been launched at some universities in China, including China university of…
As a teaching method,communicative approach is used more and more in English classroom teaching.It is proved that communicative approach is a useful and practical teaching method in English classroom.Not only can it improve students’ability of communication,but also it trains each of the students’ language skills.
As a teaching method,communicative approach is used more and more in English classroom teaching.It is proved that communicative approach is a useful and practical teaching method in English classroom.Not only can it improve students’ ability of communication,but also it trains each of the students’ language skills.
In the highest of need for a transformative new pedagogy with adolescent English Language Learners, I designed and conducted this qualitative case study to answer the questions on the in-depth meaning of innovative teaching practices in new times. Grounded in the sociocultural perspectives, and in accordance with the qualitative case study…
There is a natural relationship between culture and language. Language reflects how the people of a nation form the unique way of life and the way of thinking. Therefore, English teaching necessarily involves cultural education as well. This paper analyzes the influence of social culture in English teaching and tries to set up a principle of teaching English culture.
Chval, Kathryn B.; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Thomas, Amanda
Research in mathematics education increasingly recognizes the role of language in the education of English language learners. However, research examining the professional growth of mathematics teachers as they learn to teach English language learners is sparse. This case study addresses this issue by examining one third grade teacher as she…
Selvi, Ali Fuad
Fueled by present-day globalization and influx of migration, the unprecedented global demand for English language necessitates the provision of high-quality education for English language learners across the world. This picture places English language teaching at the top of the educational agenda in both English-speaking and non-English-speaking…
Moughamian, Ani C.; Rivera, Mabel O.; Francis, David J.
This publication seeks to offer educators and policy-makers guidance on strategies that have been effective in instructing English language learners (ELLs). The authors begin by outlining key contextual factors that decision-makers should take into account when making instructional choices for English language learners, then follow with a brief…
Ter-Minasova, Svetlana G.
The English language in Russia: a brief survey. It includes a historical perspective, the traditions of the past and the new challenges of the present-day situation. The history is simple: it is based on a deep love of foreign languages in general and English in particular. Love against all odds, for better, for worse, for richer and for poorer.…
Aleeva, Gulnara Kh.; Safiullina, Gulshat R.
The article discusses the problem of mastering new vocabulary at the English language classes. The brief review of the bilingual English-Russian printed and electronic Dictionaries used at the practical classes of English for the students of the first and second courses of the Germanic Philology Department of Kazan Federal University. The method…
With the teaching reform becoming deepened, people have recognized that the roles of teachers should be constantly en⁃riched and re-defined. English teachers must go out of the rigid teaching model to adapt to the development of teaching approach, and then play new roles and become modern English teachers with good quality. This, in turn, further promotes English teaching re⁃form. The realization of the shift of the roles of teachers in class has become an inevitable tendency.
Full Text Available Language is one of the medium of expressing our ideas, feelings and emotions. And if we think about language in present world then English is one of the most used languages in the world and English is used as a second language in Bangladesh. English is introduced here at the primary level and its inclusion continues till the tertiary level of education. Most of the students of the primary schools in rural areas are weak in English language due to lack of skilled and trained teachers who are familiar to the modern methods and approaches of teaching and lack of materials for teaching in the classroom. Primary level English curriculum implementation is essential in Bangladesh to achieve the set English language competency in the rural areas. Students in the rural areas are performing poorly in English compared to their urban counterparts. Statistics showed that there was a gulf of difference between the facilities enjoyed by rural schools and urban schools. The study explores the challenges of teaching English language in rural areas in context of Bangladesh. This study investigated the factors affecting student’s performance in English language in rural areas. Data were collected using interviews, classroom observation and questionnaire. Result of the study reveals that students were highly motivated to learn English for future expectations such as local and international communication, academic advancement and employment prospects. It also provide a scenario of English teaching system in rural areas of Bangladesh as well as the problems and prospects of English language in perspective of Bangladesh.Keywords: English language, rural areas, education, learning and teaching, competency
Chval, Kathryn B.; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Thomas, Amanda
Research in mathematics education increasingly recognizes the role of language in the education of English language learners. However, research examining the professional growth of mathematics teachers as they learn to teach English language learners is sparse. This case study addresses this issue by examining one third grade teacher as she learned how to focus on language as she designed and taught mathematics lessons to facilitate the participation of English language learners. Data sources consist of audio recordings of interviews, lesson planning sessions, and lesson debrief sessions as well as video recordings of mathematics lessons. The results from this study demonstrate the importance of professional development that emphasizes language in the teaching of mathematics. As the teacher began to learn about the components of the intervention, she developed specialized knowledge and competencies so that she was able to address language planning and development that was necessary to successfully teach mathematics to English language learners.
Linda S. SIEGEL
@@ This article will integrate the four articles in this issue, from the standpoint of understanding the principles and the realities of the Early English Immersion programs in Xi'an China.In addition to reviewing various aspects of the program, future directions will be discussed. The early English immersion program began in 1997 in Xi'an China but the roots of it started more than 40 years ago in Canada.Canada has two official languages, English and French but most areas of this vast country are either predominantly French speaking or predominantly English speaking.French is the first language of a smaller percentage of the population than English but most Canadians want to be bilingual.More that 40 years ago, English speaking parents and teachers in Montreal decided that the students were not really learning to speak French in the traditional model of teaching so they pioneered an educational reform, called French Immersion, in which English speaking children were educated in French from the beginning of their school career.The results of this educational reform have been quite successful and children, who participate in French Immersion programs learn to speak, read and write French.Most never become truly bilingual but they acquire fluency and are quite comfortable speaking French.
Full Text Available Institutions of higher learning carry a burden of inculcating a culture of academic ethical behaviour among students as part of their responsibility to produce citizens of high calibre. In fact, this burden is more expedient and pronounced because of aberrant behaviours such as cheating that can affect institutions’ credibility. This paper therefore looks into potentially the prevalent attitude towards cheating among students in a University College in Oman. The research is carried out qualitatively through video recording a testing session and through unstructured interviews in order to gather evidence of cheating and to establish reasons why students cheat. Most importantly, it seeks to address this attitude by advocating the role that English Language Teaching (ELT plays in dealing with this problem. The main reasonbehind cheating, which seems to reflect the prevailing socio-cultural dimension, ishighlighted and measures to address the attitude are put forward.
Passe, Angèle Sancho
Support dual-language learners as they develop the skills necessary for school readiness and success For dual-language learners--children who are learning both English and a home language--the first eight years are crucial for building strong foundations for academic success. During this time, children acquire the early literacy skills needed to…
In daily communication,language differences significantly reflect the nature of cultural difference.To improve students' ability of cross-cultural communication,teachers are not only supposed to make students master language itself,but also should help them to understand cultural differences between their mother language and English.
English as an increasingly widely-used language is critically important in English teaching.But it is not easy for pupils to learn it well for various factors.In that case,body language can benefit both teachers and students.The thesis will clarify the application of it like eye contact,facial expressions and gestures in English teaching of primary school,which can arouse students’ learning interests,create a good study atmosphere,help teachers express themselves and understand students better,enhance the efficiency of English teaching and optimize the course design.
English as an increasingly widely-used language is critically important in English teaching.But it is not easy for pupils to learn it well for various factors.In that case,body language can benefit both teachers and students.The thesis will clarify the application of it like eye contact,facial expressions and gestures in English teaching of primary school,which can arouse students’learning interests,create a good study atmosphere,help teachers express themselves and understand students better,enhance the efficiency of English teaching and optimize the course design.
Alwehaibi, Huda U.
Students' thinking is an integral part of English language pedagogy. Teachers need the pedagogical competence to teach thinking effectively. This research suggests a program to develop the teaching skills for thinking of pre-service teachers (fourth-year college students) in the English Department of the Faculty of Education at Princess Noura…
Shin, Jeeyoung; Eslami, Zohreh R.; Chen, Wen-Chun
The place of culture in teaching English as an international language (EIL) is a complex issue, given the diversity of contexts in which English is currently being used globally. Building on a sociocultural perspective that language use is open to negotiation and is context-dependent, this paper argues that the design and content of…
Mukundan, Jayakaran; Nimehchisalem, Vahid; Sayadian, Sima
The present paper reports the findings of a study that investigated the physical and technical characteristics of the English language teaching courseware in Malaysia. A randomly selected group of English language teachers in Malaysia (n = 200) were surveyed to evaluate the courseware. SPSS (18.0) was applied to analyze the data. The results…
The current study, as part of an ongoing investigation to examine teacher perceptions about the teaching of English as a global language at the tertiary level education, aims at examining learner perceptions about PowerPoint presentations used in English classroom instruction for enhancement and integration of four language skills and effective…
To acquire the real communicative competence for language learners calls for not only the linguistic knowledge but also the ability to use the language appropriately. But many empirical studies have manifested that Chinese learners of English are quite fragile in pragmatic competence. Thus, the author mainly depicts in this paper the necessity of cultivating pragmatic competence and ways to enhance English learners’ pragmatic competence by exploring into pragmalinguistic failure and sociopragmatic failure.
As the speakership of English worldwide continues to grow, English language teachers are required to devise ways to prepare their learners for communicating successfully across cultures. As pragmatics is particularly tied up with culture, the ways in which individuals from different cultures will orient to pragmatic phenomena in their interaction…
The teaching of English in China started with the establishment of the Interpreters' College in 1862 as a response to the pressure of Western imperialist powers, but also for the purpose of China's self-strengthening and modernization. For a long time, however, owing to political and ideological reasons, English was taught as a language, while English literature and Western culture were suppressed as politically suspect and dangerous. As a result, graduates from China's English departments are generally ill-equipped to communicate effectively and to deal with the task they face in today's competitive world for lack of literary competence and cultural knowledge. We need to reexamine the entire curricula and design courses not only in English literature and culture, but in Chinese and comparative studies as well so that we may produce students with better linguistic skills, adequate cultural knowledge, and a mature and critical mind.%中国有英语教学,始自1862年同文馆之建立.由于种种原因,中国的英语教学长期以来只片面强调语言基本功的训练,而忽视了文学和文化背景的认识.结果是学生既缺乏对西方文化的了解,又缺乏中国传统文化知识.没有跨文化交往的能力,也就不能应付他们面临的实际工作.我们必须重新审视教学内容,不仅设置英国文学和西方文化的课程,而且设置用英语讲授中国文化和比较研究的课程,以求培养出既有语言表达能力,又有文化修养和独立批判精神的优秀学生.
Wenzhong, Zhu; Muchun, Wan
Second language acquisition (SLA) as a sub-branch of applied linguistics has been researched by Chinese and foreign scholars for over 40 years, but few researches have been done on its implications for Business English teaching which needs more language teaching theories to support. This paper makes a review of related studies, and puts forward a…
Fahrutdinova, Rezida A.; Fahrutdinov, Rifat R.; Yusupov, Rinat N.
The relevance of the topic is specified by the necessity of forming the communicative competence of students in the process of teaching of the English language in the institute of higher education. This article is intended to define interactive methods of teaching foreign language, which are based on interactive conception of interaction between…
Semiotics is a progressing and promising discipline with its applications in many fields of study. As a bridge between semiotics and foreign language teaching (FLT), educational semiotics has started to attract attention of many scholars, English Language Teaching (ELT) instructors and teachers all over the world. It is obvious that the…
Through this case study the author explores how an exemplary teacher utilized social studies curriculum and pedagogy to engage English language learners (ELLs) in learning in a culturally relevant and meaningful way and discusses practical implications for teaching and learning.
Villacañas de Castro, Luis Sebastián
This article argues that teaching a foreign language (English, in this case) involves a linguistic obstacle which, if not negotiated properly, may place this task in contradiction with some basic principles of Social-constructivist pedagogy. After this obstacle is identified and some potential solutions are discarded, the article resorts to some of the didactic advances developed in the field of English as a second language (ESL) teaching during the last two decades, since the latter has rema...
Full Text Available Active communication with others is key to human learning. This straightforward premise currently undergirds much theory and research in student learning in general, and in second language and literacy learning in particular. Both of these academic areas have long acknowledged communication's central role in successful learning with the exact intricacies of instructional conversations and the forms these take having been the focus of close analysis (Cazden, 1988; Gee, 2001; Nystrand, Gamoran, Kachur, & Prendergast, 1997; Tharp & Galimore, 1991; van Lier, 2000. In this examination of computer-supported classroom discourse, specific forms of instructional conversation employed by a veteran elementary teacher of beginning-level English language learners (ELLs are examined. The focal teacher orchestrates instructional conversations around computers with children whose immediate needs are to learn the English language, specifically the "language of school" and the concomitant social complexities implied in order to participate in mainstream instructional activity. With these goals shaping language and literacy activity, their ESOL (English for speakers of other languages teacher makes use of the computer to capture, motivate, and anchor learner attention to, and render comprehensible the target language they hear and see on and around the computer screen. The anatomy of the activity she orchestrates around the computer and the language she uses to support it -- labeled here as triadic scaffolds -- are the focus of analysis. Forms and functions of triadic discourse (teacher, learner, computer are examined for their potential unique role in second language and literacy instruction.
with the limitation of students' vocabulary,teachers have to simplify their teaching language with the help of facial expressions and body movements.so body language has been widely used in communication in and out of class.it can be vocal language' s vital complement by intensifying the language information retention and leaving the students deeper impression.it helps the students to improve listening,speaking,reading and writing level and help the teachers achieve a higher teaching goal and further mutual understanding.
Yinghao Jin; Guochen Jin
With the development of China’s reform and opening, it is quite necessary for Chinese college students to improve their English competence, hence calling for reform in current college English teaching and strengthening practical English teaching. After analyzing the problems in China’s English teaching, this article puts forward some solutions.
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) has become a driving force in English Language Teaching programs in most parts of the world.It is based on the assumption that students can more easily develop language skills if the language is related to their lives and if they are given sufficient opportunity to practice them with their peers.This approach considers communicative competence as its goal of teaching.In this paper,the author tries to explore the application of Communicative Language Teaching to English teaching in vocational schools in China.To begin with,the author gives a brief introduction to Communicative Language Teaching and vocational education in China,followed by the theoretical framework.Then,the application of CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China is elaborated in detail.Finally,the author gets the conclusion that English teaching in vocational schools must consider training students' communicative competence as its final target and a difficulty is noted by the author in terms of applying CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China.
Communicative Language Teaching(CLT) has become a driving force in English Language Teaching programs in most parts of the world.It is based on the assumption that students can more easily develop language skills if the language is related to their lives and if they are given sufficient opportunity to practice them with their peers.This approach considers communicative competence as its goal of teaching.In this paper,the author tries to explore the application of Communicative Language Teaching to English teaching in vocational schools in China.To begin with,the author gives a brief introduction to Communicative Language Teaching and vocational education in China,followed by the theoretical framework.Then,the application of CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China is elaborated in detail.Finally,the author gets the conclusion that English teaching in vocational schools must consider training students’ communicative competence as its final target and a difficulty is noted by the author in terms of applying CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China.
Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.
This document is the first in a 3-part collection titled "Teaching English Language Arts (ELA) to Francophone Program Students" to be used primarily by ELA teachers in their efforts to ensure that francophone program students build on their established French language skills when learning English. It is designed to show that a strong correlation…
The place of native and non-native speakers in the role of English teachers has probably been an issue ever since English was taught internationally. Although ESL and EFL literature is awash, in fact dependent upon, the scrutiny of non-native learners, interest in non-native academics and teachers is fairly new. Until recently, the voices of non-native speakers articulating their own concerns have been even rarer. This book is a response to this notable vacuum in the ELT literature, providing a forum for language educators from diverse geographical origins and language backgrounds. In additio
Muhammad Arif Soomro
Full Text Available Teaching industry of English as a second or foreign language has grown massively in recent times in Pakistan. There are many public sectors universities and English academies established all over Pakistan offering English language proficiency courses. Therefore, this wave led to conduct this research. The purpose of conducting this study was to investigate contemporary pedagogical techniques used for teaching and learning English and to introduce the concept of ESL /EFL Best Practices for effective language teaching in Pakistan. Purposive Sampling method was used to collect the information from respondents regarding their contemporary-used teaching techniques in ESL/EFL class. The questionnaire was implied as the main tool for data collection among twenty English language teachers from two public sector universities. The results of the study indicated that teachers were attached with some outdated techniques and activities secondly, they also faced problems applying new techniques while teaching in a large multilevel classrooms, thirdly, teachers’ had willingness to adopt and employ innovative techniques in classrooms and lastly, the notion of ESL best practices was uncommon among them. Most of the teaching strategies do not create better learning environment, and learners do not interestingly participate due outdated activities. Therefore, the suggested solution was utilizing best practices that are based on modern techniques, approaches considerable for multiple levels depending upon the needs and developmental state of the individual learners.Keywords: pedagogical strategies, ESL/EFL Best Practices, Pakistani teachers, English teaching/learning
Morales Palma, Celia
Teaching a foreign language is a tricky business, and it is not as straightforward as one could suspect. Even thoughyou will be teaching something you have learnt during a life time, the way of teaching and the cultural differences you mayencounter will make this a very tough task. In this article, useful tools and resources are presented. The aim is for this article toserve as a guide for new teachers of English as a Foreign Language (TEFL)
ach culture in English education.This paper expounds the connotation of culture and language, points out the reasons of culture teaching in English education, and raises some suggestions and methods on English culture teaching.
The best-selling complete course for a fun and effective way to learn English as a foreign language. This ISBN is for the paperback book. The corresponding audio support (ISBN: 9781444105483) is also available. The book and audio support can also be purchased as a pack (ISBN: 9781444102376).
Lin, Tzu-Bin; Wu, Chiao-Wen
After introducing new curriculum guidelines during education reform, the Taiwan Ministry of Education has taken the lead in integrating a communicative approach into the new English language curriculum. Task-based language teaching (TBLT) is viewed as a realisation of communicative language teaching and is one of the most popular English language…
Andréa Machado de Almeida Mattos
Full Text Available The new literacies studies encompass a notion of language as social practice (BRANDT; CLINTON, 2002 and the understanding that it is necessary to foster the development of critical thinking citizens/students (BRASIL, 2006, aiming at social change. This paper aims to introduce the theories of New Literacies (BAYNHAM; PRINSLOO, 2009; LANKSHEAR; KNOBEL, 2003; STREET, 1984 and its relevance to research in the field of teaching English as a foreign language and teacher education. It presents and discusses a group of recent theories that serve as the theoretical basis for a possible epistemological change in teaching English as a foreign language, especially in public schools.
Gao, Xuesong; Benson, Phil
The teaching practicum is a pivotal event for pre-service teachers to experience the transition from being students to being teachers. This paper examines the emergence of "unruly pupils" as a central concern for pre-service English language teachers in their teaching practicum. The inquiry relates the pre-service teachers' perceived challenge of…
Chen Yiying; Guo Yiyi
Teachers’ language is one important part in college English teaching.Politeness is regarded as a powerful strategy in dealing with interpersonal interaction.Based on Lakoff’s Polite Model,Leech’s Politeness Principle,and Brown & Levinson’s Politeness Theory,the author of this paper aims to explore politeness in teachers’ language in the classroom context.
Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL…
The author supposes that there is a big gap between vocabulary and text in the course of second languageacquisition.Ignorance of individual sentence training to acquire language sense in the CET coursemight be one of the reasons to account for the failure of many students to be speakers of English afterthey graduate.Students should be encouraged to read and recite some model sentences and articles so asto gain a certain language sense as hardware and supporting materials in linguitic communication.Thus confidence is obtained and the gap between vocabulary and text can be easily jumped over.
Task-based language teaching （TBLT） refers to an approach based on the use of tasks as the core unit of planning and instruction in language teaching. The present research aims to explore the correlation of TBLT and students＇ oral proficiency and the effectiveness of TBLT. During a one-term experiment, the author chooses 82 English majors in two natural classes as the controlled class and experimental class. With the help of qualitative approach and quantitative approach, it proves that TBLT is effective in improving students＇ oral proficiency.
Full Text Available The online course offerings have grown exponentially globally since the turn of the 21st century - be they as a primary mode of instruction or as a supplement to traditional face-to-face classroom instruction, and this phenomenon is most noticeable in higher education. More recently, the new technology has also been integrated into the English as a Foreign Language,henceforth called EFL, classrooms. This article argues that the notion of technology-enhanced language learning is not just an intriguing idea – it is a necessity, for it has a great potential to offer in facilitating the development of English language proficiency of EFL learners through computer-mediated communication. Additionally, it contends that the new technology can potentially address most, if not all, of the shortcomings inherent to the EFL classroom including, but not limited to, lack of exposure to the target language, lack of practice, and lack of learning resources. Theoretical implications of technology-enhanced language teaching and learning will also be explored.
ANITA MUHO; LEONARD DANGLLI
The aim of this study is to find out the effect of individual and contextual factors in promoting motivation: socio cultural influences, teacher in fluences, classroom and school influences from a contetual perspective, in acquisition of English as a second language in the Albanian contet. First, it reviews the literature on contetual factors and gives the background to the evaluation of how they affect student motivation. Second, the findings of the questionnaires, observations and interview...
This paper reports on an intervention study which investigated the effect of teaching English phonotactics upon Arabic speakers' lexical segmentation of running speech in English. The study involved a native English-speaking group (N = 12), a non-native control group (N = 20); and a non-native experimental group (N = 20). Each group was pre-tested…
Full Text Available The paper is concerned with methodological aspects of using Case studies in Business English language teaching at University level. It emphasizes the benefits and opportunities of the Case study method as well as the role Case studies play in practicing and developing language, business communication and managerial skills. The paper analyses Case study as an example of Task-Based Learning (TBL method which focuses on communicative approach towards problem solving tasks presented in authentic Case studies. The paper deals with language and subject matter integration in the creation and implementation of Case studies in the Business English classroom which involves collaborative work of English language and subject matter lecturers. The integrated approach strengthens both students’ subject matter knowledge and language competence. The result of lecturer collaboration is the creation of Case study “Rukisu teja” which is based on a real Latvian family-run business and can be incorporated into both Business English and Entrepreneurship courses.
Billings, Elsa S.; Martin-Beltran, Melinda; Hernandez, Anita
Educational policies for English language learners (ELLs) tend to focus on English language acquisition. In this chapter, the authors argue that educators need to give more attention to the development of bilingualism and biliteracy to draw upon the tremendous intellectual, linguistic, and cultural resources that bilingual children bring to the…
This paper describes some strategies of teaching English language. Special attention was paid to adult learning, writing problem and some others. The aim of the paper is to show advantages of intensive learning of English language
English has been acknowledged as the most important foreign language in China for many years, and English teaching and learning now occupies the attention of mil ions of Chinese. Despite the great efforts that have been put into English teaching and learning, English proficiency of many Chinese learners stil leave much to be desired, and it poses great chal enges for English teachers and educators even our educational system as a whole. In this paper, I wil make some recommendations for improving the existing situation for English language teaching in China.
Jesús Alirio Bastidas
Full Text Available English teaching in Colombian primary schools became a requirement because of the promulgation of the Law of Education in 1994. Taking into account that this decision produced some difficulties in the schools, a study was conducted to diagnose the state of English language teaching in primary schools in Pasto, Colombia. Data were gathered through classroom observation, a questionnaire, and interviews. The results showed that teachers are not well versed either in methodology or in the command of the English language; there was no English syllabus; didactic materials were nonexistent; and the children’s lack of motivation was the most critical problem. Teachers, institutions and the government have to take into account these findings in order to improve English learning in primary schools.
With the development of the society, especially with China's entry into WTO,English is badly needed in various fields. English learning has been a fashion not only in college, but also in the society. However. how to let the students learn English in an efficient and interesting way is still a hard nut to those teachers. At present, the knowledge in the textbooks is so limited and impractical, trying to use other materials maybe a useful way to solve this problem to some extent. With my ten-years teaching experiences in college, I've found that using English newspaper or magazine articles to teach English language skills is a very good way, for their uses of language is very up-to-date and attractive. This article is discussing this method in details
Bughio, Faraz Ali
This thesis describes a collaborative Action Research project that works to improve the quality of English language teaching (ELT) and learning in a public sector university in Pakistan. It demonstrates how teachers and students can take responsibility for engaging in active learning and teaching by developing their roles beyond traditional models of teaching and learning. The findings of the study are validated through critical thinking, the active critique of colleagues and students who par...
Esteban González, Almudena
Many educators have repeatedly written on the benefits of songs in an English Language Teaching setting. In this Undergraduate Dissertation, we will tackle the main grounds why we share this opinion. We also intend to analyse why the use of chants and songs in an ELT classroom can help learners to communicate more effectively in this language. This use complies with the parameters of the Communicative Language Approach that goes beyond the more conventional mastery of grammar rules, struc...
Goorhuis-Brouwer, Sieneke; de Bot, Kees
This article reports on the outcomes of a project aimed at the evaluation of early English language teaching (EELT) in Dutch primary education, starting at age 4. Between 2003 and 2008 four cohorts of first- and second-grade children receiving one to three hours of English language teaching per week
In the context of globalisation, intercultural teaching has been suggested as an objective in English as lingua franca (ELF) education, which has challenged English teachers in acquiring the intercultural communicative competence (ICC) in English language teaching (ELT). However, empirical research exploring the intercultural capabilities and…
Zaenab S. Abdul Majeed
Full Text Available This study is aimed to investigate the situation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT course taught in English language in secondary schools in Pahang, Malaysia. From a social point of view the study examines teachers’ attitude towards and applications of computer to further reveal the chances of their use of English language in the classroom. The objective data is collected from school teachers by using questionnaires and interviews. The data analysis is conducted through T-test the statistic results show that a good master of computer skills, a good knowledge of English language, more vitally, a clear awareness of the importance from the perspective of teachers, facilitate the teaching of computers in English language in the classroom. Thus, it suggests that in order to successfully integrate computers in education, the education system needs to be changed or to be adjusted accordingly.
Rymanova, Irina Evgenievna; Baryshnikov, Nikolay Vasilievich; Grishaeva, Anna
In this article, blended learning, its effectiveness in foreign language teaching, the basic approaches used in the development of e-learning courses "Foreign Language (English)" for four modules are considered, and the results are presented.
Teaching Grammar, Structure and Meaning introduces teachers to some basic ideas from the increasingly popular field of cognitive linguistics as a way of explaining and teaching key grammatical concepts. Particularly suitable for those teaching post-16 English Language, this book offers a methodology for teaching key aspects of linguistic form and an extensive set of learning activities. Written by an experienced linguist and teacher, this book contains:· an evaluation of current approaches to the teaching of grammar and linguistic form· a revised pedagogy based on principles from cognitive sci
Cooperative learning,as a new organizational form of teaching,has been more and more widely used in English language teaching.It has broken the traditional teacher-centered teaching mode.Nowadays,it has been regarded as a creative and effective teaching theory and strategy.In order to get more insights into cooperative learning,which is not only a way of learning but also a teaching strategy,a study on the application of cooperative learning has been made from several aspects:theoretical basis,applica-tion and evaluation.
mustafa naci kayaoğlu
Full Text Available Language teachers in Turkey do not take a standard pre-service education as graduates of English Language Teaching (ELT, linguistics, and translation departments all end up with language teaching profession and this, in turn, results in different teaching needs and concerns. The researchers argue that these different concerns may be one of the underlying causes of chronic language education problems in Turkey, in that Turkish Ministry of National Education does not take into consideration the comparative picture of practicing teachers and composes curricula, teaching materials, and compulsory one-shot professional development activities that all reflect “one size fits all” ideology. Therefore, determining the needs and concerns of pre-service language teachers is of vital importance. The current study has arisen from Griffith’s (2012 call for more larger-scale studies on teacher concerns across different contexts via triangulation. The researchers aim at not only investigating teacher concerns but also painting a much detailed comparative picture between ELT and linguistics department prospective teachers. The researchers target convenience sampling, in the full knowledge that this group will not represent the whole population. However, this type of non-probability sampling can serve well when it is easy to gather much informative data. Building on the recent work of Griffiths (2012, the researchers have modified and extended the existing measurement tool of Griffiths (2012 to investigate the issue much deeper and compensate the caveats. They adapted her instrument and asked the participants to add their thoughts as well as deciding their concern level. The results are mainly in line with the referred study in terms of the rating and frequency. The study reveals that there are some differences between the concerns of ELT department students and language and literature department students. While prospective teachers studying at the
The linguistic situations and conditions in Indonesia are quite complex by their own natures as more than seven hundred vernaculars with their various dialects from a great number of ethnic groups have been used as media of communication in the country. Accordingly, the success of English teaching in Indonesia cannot be freed from the studentsâ€™ cultural backgrounds, values, customs, and beliefs as well as the political standpoint of the government regarding this foreign language. English la...
Nhapulo, Marcos Abilio
Full Text Available Recent studies have suggested that teacher and learner beliefs about second language instruction have a significant influence on language teaching and learning process and, consequently, on students’ achievements. However, in the Mozambican context, we still do not have studies focusing on learner and teacher beliefs about students and language proficiency, about teaching materials, about individual and cultural variations and beliefs about the learning process itself. Using questionnaires and a focus group report, we look at the Mozambican linguistic profile, the learner and teacher beliefs and their influence in tertiary English Language Teaching (ELT and learning. The results show that there is a need for creating an environment in which teachers’ and learners’ cultural background, beliefs and needs are considered so as to enable teachers to teach effectively, as well as enabling learners to achieve positive learning outcomes.
Culture teaching has been considered to be a very important element in foreign language teaching.Since English has become an international language,this paper mainly talks about the relationship between culture and English teaching.There are three parts in this paper: I. The role of culture in English teaching;Ⅱ.Culture teaching methods in the English classroom;Ⅲ.A danger in teaching cultures in English class.
König, Johannes; Lammerding, Sandra; Nold, Günter; Rohde, Andreas; Strauß, Sarah; Tachtsoglou, Sarantis
Despite an increasing research interest in subject-specific teacher knowledge, the scientific understanding regarding teachers' professional knowledge for teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) is very limited. This study therefore applies standardized tests to directly assess content knowledge (CK), pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), and…
This paper explores the field of post-compulsory English Language Teaching (ELT) management research, enquiring into its identity, legitimacy and development, by identifying and discussing issues, problems, and controversies. It reviews the nature of the ELT sector as a predominantly commercial educational service with a significant role in "inner…
Ogeyik, Muhlise Cosgun
Linguistic courses in ELT (English Language Teaching) departments, in some ways, may create obstacles due to their firm theoretical framework. Therefore, this study is concerned with the main problems for the students taking linguistic courses in ELT Department at Trakya University in Turkey. The purpose of the study is to investigate the…
Tran, Yune Kim
The changing and growing student population in the U.S. demands well-equipped and trained teachers who have the adequate preparation and pedagogical tools to fully meet their diverse needs. This research study examined the perceptions of teachers' preparedness and their efficacy beliefs for teaching English Language Learners. A mixed-method was…
Mathews, Sarah A.
This article highlights the use of Shaun Tan's "The Arrival" to teach literacy to English Language Learners in social studies classrooms. The featured text is a book that displays the complexity of migration within a text that does not feature a single written word. The author describes a variety of mini-lessons geared towards…
Porto, Melina; Montemayor-Borsinger, Ann; López-Barrios, Mario
In this article we review research on English as a foreign language (EFL) teaching and learning published in Argentina between 2007 and 2013. This is the first review of a Latin American country in this series. Argentina has a century-long tradition of training EFL teachers but a comparatively shorter though fruitful history of foreign language…
Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter
Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China and across the world. However, Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language academics' research output has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This case study…
Waxman, Hersh C.; Tellez, Kip
This study synthesized research from 1990 to the present on effective teaching for English Language Learners (ELLs), focusing on instructional strategies and methods found to have the most educational benefit and value to the greatest number of ELLs. A total of nearly 100 potentially applicable articles were retrieved, and 34 were included in the…
The author reviews exemplary strategies for teaching reading to middle grades English language learners (ELLs) derived from 21 peer-reviewed journal articles and professional books. The author presents an in-depth look at three successful categories of reading strategies: interactive read-alouds to model fluent reading and engage learners, the…
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop an inventory of behaviours and attitudes expected of English language teaching (ELT) professionals in a services context. Design/methodology/approach: A two-stage Delphi method using ELT expert panellists, comprising managers and owners from the ELT sector. Delphi is indicated for complex problems,…
Reach all of your English language learners with the effective and engaging approaches in this book. It's filled with practical tools, strategies, and real-world vignettes that will help you teach reading and writing to a diverse student population. The book features "Mental Energizers," aptitudes that will help sustain your commitment as you work…
Full Text Available The linguistic situations and conditions in Indonesia are quite complex by their own natures as more than seven hundred vernaculars with their various dialects from a great number of ethnic groups have been used as media of communication in the country.Â Accordingly, the success of English teaching in Indonesia cannot be freed from the students' cultural backgrounds, values, customs, and beliefs as well as the political standpoint of the government regarding this foreign language. English language teaching has then undergone more than four changes in its curriculum since the country's independence and brought no significant impact upon the learning outcomes. This study reveals the substantial unconstructive influence of the students' cultures and the non-conducive language environment affecting their language acquisition.Â Other aspects related to the teachers' performance and class preparations equally contribute to the ineffective classroom interactions.Â This study offers some practical suggestions to cope with those problems.
To teach English, various approaches and methods have aroused wide concerns for many years. This article attempts to discuss similarities and differences between the Audiolingual Method and Total Physical Response(TPR)from the aspects that are the theories of both language and learning, and the roles of learners and the teacher. At the same time, it tries to show the strengths and limitations of these two methods, and further explores fitted teaching contexts of the Audiolingual Method and TPR.
Ⅰ.introductionsince 1980s,changes have been made in the field of elt in china:communicative language teaching has been introduced.english textbooks and syllabus which put more emphasis on the training of students ' communicauive competence including listening and speaking have been produced since 1990s in line with the policy of the state education development commission ( sedc) in china the teaching syllabus has also been adjusted to match the needs for clt.
The paper deals with practical aspects of teaching English for Specific Purposes in the Nutritional Therapy bachelor degree program at the Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University in Brno. Within the IMPACT project, new study materials and teaching methods are being developed to better prepare the students to make use of the attained language knowledge and skills in their future practice or follow-up studies. The paper will discuss: (1) the value of including field-specific articles and presen...
Tatiana Pavlovna Sazukina
The article is dedicated to the analysis of the application of the case studies method, which for a rather long period of time has been used for teaching business, managers, lawyers, doctors and in the sphere of social sciences, for teaching the professional English language, with the aim of defining to what extent students use the material learned previously, in real situations. On the grounds of analysis of theoretical sources and pedagogical practices, the author offers a direction for sea...
Language teaching and learning have undergone tremendous changes in the last forty years. These changes have been influenced by not only changing views of language teaching and learning but also changes occurring in general education and global advancement. Another significant player is information and communications technologies (ICTs) which have brought about innovative changes both in general education (Laurillard, 2012) and language teaching (Chapelle, 2010), including English language te...
Liyanage, Indika; Walker, Tony; Bartlett, Brendan; Guo, Xuhong
Culturally specific language practices related to vernacular uses of taboo language such as swearing represent a socially communicative minefield for learners of English. The role of classroom learning experiences to prepare learners for negotiation of taboo language use in social interactions is correspondingly complicated and ignored in much of…
VOLOSHKO MARIYA OLEGOVNA; SUKHAREVA TATIANA NIKOLAEVNA
The article describes the main priorities of tandem method using in English language teaching as an alternative way of forming intercultural competence. Authors considered that this method is one of the most productive and effective. Its main aim is to learn the partner’s language and culture in a situation of real or virtual communication. This article presents the main peculiarities of studying in tandem. The main principles of this method are reciprocity and individual autonomy. Authors be...
Perez-Gore, Isabelle; McCormick, Robert; Burton, Sonia; Siddique, Md. Ashraf
Executive summary a) Background The purpose of the Perceptions Study 2013 was to explore the perceptions of English language (EL) practices within schools participating in English in Action (EIA) from the point of view of both the teachers and the students. The first part of the study focused on primary and secondary teachers’: - Perceptions of their practices in teaching English; - Attitudes to the communicative language teaching (CLT) approaches being promoted through EIA;...
A complete teaching guide is presented for teaching English as a second language (ESL) according to the Total Physical Response (TPR) approach as was researched by James J. Asher of San Jose (California) State University. The method is based on the following premises: (1) understanding the spoken language should be developed far in advance of…
In the field of second language acquisition (SLA), weight has been increasingly attached to the role that a problem-pos-ing model of education plays in English as second/foreign language (ES/FL) teaching and learning. By exploring various concepts of the problem-posing approach, also known as critical pedagogy, and its implications for English language teaching (ELT) in the Chinese postsecondary EFL context, the paper makes a tentative attempt to acknowledge the future directions of implementing critical pedagogy in the EFL context. Therefore, the paper is inspired by the ever-increasing popularity of the critical pedagogical approach in the ESL context. The application of critical orientation in language education derives from critical theories of the Frankfurt School, which centers on Marxist societal beliefs of struggling against social inequalities. With the concept of critical pedagogy drawing increasing attention from language educators and teachers alike in English-speaking countries; non-native English teachers who teach in the EFL context has also begun to focus their attention on the educational philosophy as a means to help transform traditional oppressed status of the Chinese EFL learners. From this perspective, this paper, by investigating the multi-dimensional implied meanings of implementing critical pedagogy in the EFL context, unraveling how it works as a way of“doing”in second language (L2) teaching and learning, identifying the probable contexts of critical pedagogy and the contesta-tions surrounding critical pedagogy, aims to address the significance of implementing critical pedagogy as an effective way of re-forming the ailing English education condition in China.
The goal of English teaching is to have students master the English language as well as foster their cultural awareness,which will serve the communicative goal of language.However,many teachers of English now ignore the goal of the new curriculum and pay much attention to the language points and grammar while neglecting culture teaching.This essay concerns the problem of lacking culture teaching and the im-portance of cultural knowledge or information input in English teaching in senior school,in order to improve and perfect English teaching.
The present study attempts to find out active English teachers’ opinions regarding the primary 3rd grade English Language Teaching Program (ELTP) which was launched in 2013 in terms of its general overview, content, goals, teaching-learning process and assessment dimensions in the city center of Tekirdağ including 20 primary schools with 38 teachers in the academic term 2014-2015 spring. In this evaluation study, quantitavive data were used in order to explore how teachers evaluate the prima...
The present study attempts to find out active English teachers’ opinions regarding the primary 3rd grade ELTP (launched in 2013) in terms of its general overview, content, goals, teaching-learning process and assessment dimensions under the heading of “An Evaluation of the Primary 3rd Grade English Language Teaching Program: Tekirdağ Case” . The study was carried out in the city center of Tekirdağ including 20 state primary schools with 38 teachers in the academic term 2014-2015 spring. In th...
Power, Tom; Erling, Elizabeth
English language teaching has a prominent role in the education policy of Bangladesh, as it is framed in policy discourse as a means of supporting the economic development of individuals and the nation. In 1991, English was made an obligatory subject from Grade 1. However, since that time, it has been the most commonly failed exam subject (Hamid and Baldauf, 2008). Less than 10 per cent of primary teachers have a level of English as high as the primary textbooks (Rahman and Janan, 2011). Prev...
With the fast development of modern society and economy,English as an international language has become an important instrument in social communication.As to English teaching in the classroom,we have so many difficulties at present.This paper analysis some objective and subjective factors.At last,if we can solve these questions,our English teaching will be better.
Full Text Available Mostly learners and even teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL are still not able to speak grammatically and fluently just because they lack of the Indonesian language proficiency and comprehension. This research was done to investigate how the Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia can assist the teachers and learners of EFL in improving their English proficiency and comprehension. The data were analyzed by applying Miles’ and Huberman’s framework; data reduction, data display, and drawing then verifying conclusion. The findings showed some positive and negative representative perceptions of the teachers dealing with the roles of the Indonesian in the teaching and learning EFL. The second findings showed and explored the roles of the Indonesian in the teaching and learning EFL. There were five roles by which the Indonesian contribute to such as Functional Equation, Competence Indicator, Linguistic Mediator, Communicative Language Paradigm, and Situational Language Use. The third findings explored the aspects in which the Indonesian had the roles to play in assisting the teaching and learning the EFL such as aspect of the Linguistic Item, aspect of Semantics, and aspect of Pragmatics. There were three other findings in this research that were explored and labeled as Linguistic Competence vs Linguistic Cognition, Cultural Behavior-Based Language, and First Language Interest.Keywords: first language, role of Bahasa Indonesia, SLA, teaching EFL, teachers’ perception
Fojkar, Mateja Dagarin; Skela, Janez; Kovac, Pija
The article reports the findings of a survey, conducted among primary school English language teachers in Slovenia, aimed at revealing their attitudes towards the use of narratives in teaching English as a foreign language to children aged from eight to nine years (3rd and 4th grades respectively). The research results show that most teachers use…
Estapa, Anne; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Chval, Kathryn B.
This two-year study investigated how an innovative video tool enhanced novice-teacher noticing abilities and instructional practice in relation to teaching mathematics to English language learners in third grade classrooms. Specifically, teachers viewed videos of their mathematics lessons that were filmed by Latino English language learners who…
English is a national language in Uganda and is widely used in elite areas such as politics and business, but most Ugandans master English to only a limited degree. In this situation, English can be seen as either a foreign language or a second language--influencing how English is taught. One goal of language teaching espoused in this article is…
Full Text Available This study aims to find out student teachers’ perceptions about the use of Facebook in English language teaching and their preferences on how to integrate Facebook into English classes. This study, which is based on a mixed method research, consisted of written and oral interviews with 221 student teachers in the English Language Teaching (ELT program at Gazi University during the fall semester of the academic year 2012-2013. Of the 221student teachers, 38 (18% were male and 173 (82% were female. 146 participants (69.2% were in favour of Facebook integration into English classes while 58 participants (27.5% were against and finally 7 participants (3.3% were neutral. In terms of age and level of learners, adolescents were preferred as the most appropriate age group to be taught English on Facebook; intermediate level was the mostly preferred language level to be enhanced via Facebook. Furhtermore, self -study was seen as the most important type of Facebook use. These findings show us how student teachers’ educational preferences can be changed in line with the education they receive and how they should be trained according to the current educational moves and communication tools.
It was in the 1970s that American linguist S.D. Krashen created the theory of "language acquisition". The theories on second language acquisition were proposed based on the study on the second language acquisition process and its rules. Here, the second language acquisition process refers to the process in which a learner with the…
Full Text Available In the work we gave the definition of the project activity and considered the use of the project activity in the integrated teaching of the English and Kazakh languages to students of the faculty of economics.
This essay is to discuss an approach--communicative language teaching (CLT) into English classes of Chinese colleges for the improvement of students’ oral ability, especially emphasizing on the strategies of using group work.
Many ELT experts believe that the inclusion of critical thinking skills in English classes is necessary to improve students’ English competence. Students’ critical thinking skills will be optimally increased if meaning is prioritized in English lessons. Those two inter-related elements can be implemented when teachers do collaborative activities stimulating students’ thinking process and meaning negotiation. Yet, the realization might be counter-productive if they are applied without careful ...
Full Text Available Many ELT experts believe that the inclusion of critical thinking skills in English classes is necessary to improve students’ English competence. Students’ critical thinking skills will be optimally increased if meaning is prioritized in English lessons. Those two inter-related elements can be implemented when teachers do collaborative activities stimulating students’ thinking process and meaning negotiation. Yet, the realization might be counter-productive if they are applied without careful consideration of task purposes and of students’ roles. Based on the consideration, this paper is focused on presenting how critical thinking skills and meaning should be properly incorporated in an English lesson.
Lee, Okhee; Maerten-Rivera, Jaime; Buxton, Cory; Penfield, Randall; Secada, Walter G.
This descriptive study examined urban elementary school teachers’ perceptions of their science content knowledge, science teaching practices, and support for language development of English language learners. Also examined were teachers’ perceptions of organizational supports and barriers associated with teaching science to nonmainstream students. The study involved 221 third- through fifth-grade teachers from 15 urban elementary schools in a large school district. The teachers completed a survey in the spring of 2005. The internal consistency reliability estimates, Cronbach α, for scales created from the survey items were within an acceptable range. The teachers reported that they were generally knowledgeable about science topics at their grade level and that they taught science to promote students’ understanding and inquiry. In contrast, the teachers reported rarely discussing student diversity in their own teaching or with other teachers at their schools. The teachers identified specific organizational supports and barriers in teaching science with diverse student groups at both the school and classroom levels.
This article examines the importance of raising non-native English language teachers' awareness of different dimensions of culture in the teaching of English as an international language. The author believes that the more critical English language teachers become about the involvement of culture in their English language teaching, the more they…
China English is an English variety used by native-Chinese people for communication under specific language environment. This study attempts to outline the objective existence of China English and the implications of its linguistic features for English teaching.
TBLT is gaining popularity in China, and it even has been demanded to apply to in the English class by the Curriculum Reform . This paper attempts to explore the application of task-based language teaching in senior high school. It includes four parts. The first part is the introduction. It discusses the definition of TBLT. The second part focuses on the practical application of TBLT in English class. The third part refers to the requirements of TBLT for English teachers in the senior high school. The fourth part is the conclusion that TBLT, as an effective teaching method, can motivate students’ interest and creativity in the course of their studying and help them to improve their abilities of analysis and application of what they have learned, and aid them to lay the solid foundation for the future study.
Clara Esther Gómez Gonzalvo
Full Text Available Historically, the bodies responsible for designing the curricula in our country have included the English discipline in them and have conceived graduate profiles covering elements that require knowing this language. They have invested in the training of teachers, the reproduction of materials, methods designed abroad by native English-speaking specialists, and some sound reproduction equipment in line with the economic resources of the country. More recently, various Cuban authors specialized in English language have been asked to design the basic materials used to teach the courses in the program. The efforts made over the years have yielded some results, although they could be qualitatively superior. This paper presents a reflection on some elements that still hamper the achievement of better results.
Erdogan Tezc; Cihad Demirli; Vahit Sapar
Educational technologies have contributed greatly to the improvement of the process of education. Besides contributing to education directly, the development in new technologies made it almost compulsory to bring new approaches in teaching methods. Among these contributions can be mentioned the application of Internet Technologies in teaching. There is an ever-increasing positive impact on learning of combining technological materials with teaching methods, or using them as teaching materials...
Ortells Montón, Elena
Although it is generally accepted that literature plays a critical role in our lives by helping us reflect on ourselves and the world, still it is one the most underrated subjects of study in schools, especially when it comes to its use as a tool for the teaching of English language in the EFL context. In spite of the references to literature in the curriculum of the different courses of the Spanish ESO (Compulsory Secondary Education) and Bachillerato (Baccalaureate) included ...
Ihejirika, Richard C.
A close look at literature and language shows that the two are closely related. This close relationship is obvious because from all indications, literature presupposes language. It is inconceivable to discuss literature without reference to language. But going by the traditional practice at the secondary school level in Nigerian context, there are…
Dos Santos, Roberto-Márcio; Sobrinho, Jerônimo Coura
In the area of language teaching both language skills and textual genres can be worked with simultaneously (thus responding to the Brazilian Curricular Parameters and to the trends in contemporary education, which emphasize contextualized teaching) by means of computers. Computers can make the teaching process dynamic and rich, since they enable the access to the foreign language through virtual environments, which creates a larger number of learning contexts, with all their specific vocabulary and linguistic features in real communication. This study focuses on possible applications of this kind of approach. The computer online is a resource of diverse textual genres and can be an important tool in the language classroom as well as an access to authentic material produced in contextualized practice close to real-life communication. On the other hand, all these materials must be appropriately used without ever worshipping the technology as if it were a miraculous solution. After all, the professional pedagogic skills of the teacher should never be forgotten or taken for granted. In this study, a series of interviews with teachers was carried out - both with Brazilian teachers of the public sector (basic education) and language institutes (private English courses) as well as teacher trainers (university professors), in order to verify if the teachers were prepared to work with informatics in teaching practices, and check the professionals’ views on the subject. The ideas of Maingueneau and Marcuschi about textual genres are a theoretical base in this work, besides the concept of cognitive economy. The text and its typology are focused here as the basic material for teaching English, through digital technologies and hypermedia. The study is also based on Sharma and Barrett’s notion of blended learning as a balanced combination of technological resources and traditional practices in the classroom. Thus, this is an attempt to investigate the relevance of
Previous studies have shown that teacher cognitions and practices can be inconsistent, particularly with claims about communicative teaching practices. This article describes the practical theory of a state school EFL teacher in Armenia who claimed to be using a communicative approach to language teaching by considering her stated cognitions and…
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENTS’ ENGLISH LISTENING PROFICIENCY AND INTEREST IN ENGLISH MOVIE: A LINK TO DETERMINE THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ENGLISH MOVIE AS A TEACHING MATERIAL IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASSROOM
English movie has been proven to be an effective tool to improve English language learning process in classroom. However, very little empirical research has been carried out to determine students’ interest in this teaching material, especially in the view of the fact that high level of interest in a teaching and learning material aids motivation which is very essential for language learning. Two groups of students were selected for this study. The first group is a Masters of Art degree studen...
Roy-Campbell, Zaline M.
English is spoken in five countries as the native language and in numerous other countries as an official language and the language of instruction. In countries where English is the native language, it is taught to speakers of other languages as an additional language to enable them to participate in all domains of life of that country. In many…
The present thesis is an in-depth examination of the potential of facilitating reflective practice in the educational world of Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Higher Education. More specifically, the current thesis investigates the impact of Guided Reflective Practice on the practice of five university teachers of English as a Foreign Language in Cyprus. Although language research increasingly acknowledges the importance of reflection in excavating the personal, individual and em...
Mukundan, Jayakaran; Nimehchisalem, Vahid
This study included a qualitative analysis of the content of the teaching courseware that was developed by the Curriculum Development Center of the Ministry of Education in 2003. The objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of the courseware from the perspective of learning-teaching. The results indicated that most of the lessons…
Zou, Bin; Li, Jiaying
Many recent studies have shown that mobile learning can provide potential possibilities for foreign language learners to practice language skills on their smart mobile phones and tablet PCs (e.g. Chang & Hsu, 2011; Egbert, Akasha, Huff, & Lee, 2011; Hoven & Palalas, 2011; Stockwell, 2010). A number of apps have been created and used…
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The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheless boast a relevant place in the global scenario. This can be achieved in practical terms by interrogating an expressly made corpus of Chinese English news texts and carrying out simple concordance activities.
Debido a los procesos de globalización, la función del inglés como herramienta internacional o como lengua franca para la comunicación exige un replanteamiento de la enseñanza del inglés como idioma extranjero. En este artículo se presenta un estudio empírico llevado a cabo en un contexto universitario italiano que pretende mostrar cómo los docentes deberían desempeñar actividades para facilitar el reconocimiento de otras variedades del inglés que, al no ser utilizadas como modelos de evaluación y certificación lingüística, exigen en cambio una mayor atención en el escenario global. En la práctica, esto puede realizarse analizando un corpus específico de textos periodísticos en inglés chino y llevando a cabo actividades sencillas de concordancias.
English language has become a global language with the advent of Globalisation. Naturally English language learning has got increased importance as English is the language for the global communication. English is a second language for Indian sand often mother tongue hampers the English acquisition of most of the Indians. NCF 2005 has underlined that significance of teaching of English as early as possible so that the learners may have a native speaker like fluency in English. Based on these g...
Since the introduction of iPads in 2010, the sales of tablet computers and mobile applications (apps) have grown exponentially. iPads and other tablets are marketed as learning tools, and many apps target learners as young as six months old. This article reports on a research project examining the unique features of English learning apps based on…
Orison Marden Bandeira de Melo Júnior
Full Text Available This article aims to be part of the ongoing discussion on the teaching of literature written in English (LWE in literature classes in undergraduate language programs. In order to do that, it shows the challenges posed by the Letras DCN (National Curriculum Guidelines for the undergraduate Language Teacher Education programs as well as the reality literature teachers face due to the reduced number of hours of literature classes assigned in course curricula and to students' limited knowledge of English. Based on the dialogical concept of language and on the possibility of cooperation between scientific trends, we present a cooperative work between DDA (Dialogical Discourse Analysis and Pragmatics, showing how consonant and dissonant they are. Besides, we present part of the analysis of Alice Walker's short story Her Sweet Jerome done by students, which, in this context of teaching LWE to students with limited knowledge of English, pointed to the possibility of Pragmatics being the first step towards a dialogical analysis of literary texts.
The status of English in today’s world has been established definitely. It is not only embodied in the increasing num-bers of speakers, but also embodied in the role which English has played in some non-English speaking countries. English is spread as an International language in worldwide and which is no longer belonging to any English speaking countries but belong-ing to those who use it (McKay, 2002). The consequences of English spreading are:on one hand, English as an international lin-gua franca status has been further consolidated; on the other hand, different regional variants appear in English. These changes lead to the debate between Standard English and varieties of English. All of these in turn generate a profound impact on English language teaching. China as one of non-English speaking countries has also been the impact of globalization in English. The Eng-lish teaching in China is facing challenges and innovation.
There has been much debate on the topic of College English teaching in China. With the development in col ege English teaching, high standard teaching is essential.I state a lot of problems that exist in the university. I also put forward some suggestions learned from the two theories to improve the col ege language teaching quality and make students achieve the balance of language competence.
Full Text Available Although competency has long been the major concern in ELT either in the EFL or ESL contexts, the rise of competency-based syllabus launched by the Ministry of National Education (2006 brought about significant issue among the English teachers in the country. One of the crucial issues is that how to transfer the concepts of competences into the syllabus design. Since a syllabus does not only contain a list of subject content, but also how curriculum planners (teachers reflect their understanding and belief about nature of language and of language teaching and learning, the ELT must be carried out to achieve communicative competence. Current investigation on the practices of ELT, however, indicates that English teachers are still walking in place, leaving the CC as a big slogan in their jobs.
Wilkins, Stephen; Urbanovic, Jolanta
Although there seems to be a wide held assumption that transnational higher education programs have to be taught in English to be legitimate "international" programs, there are a few examples globally of international branch campuses that teach in languages other than English. Using seven institutional case studies from around the world,…
The Communicative Approach is an approach to foreign or second language teaching which emphasizes that the goal of language learning is communicative competence. This paper presents an analytical study of the communicative Language teaching at many levels.
Full Text Available The abundance of technology in recent years has contributed to development in the societies, industries, and education. It is proven from the current trend of technology such as the emergence and rise of smart phones, tablets, laptops and wireless internet connection that the present and future world will be heralded by technology. The integration of technology into the teaching and learning process is idealistic with the existence of vast information and multimedia on the internet and innovative inventions of devices that serve as great assistance. However, the available technology has not been put to good use in the English language teaching and learning classroom for some reasons, especially in developing countries like Malaysia. Thus, this research is conducted to determine the hindrances faced by the education community in Malaysia. The current qualitative research involved seven individuals who discussed issues relating to the hindrances of technology integration in English language teaching and learning. This paper presents the results of the discussion and provides suggestions on some possible solutions to the identified obstacles faced by the education community in using technology in a more efficient and resourceful manner for the teaching and learning development.Keywords: TESL, barriers, technology, integration, higher education
The diploma thesis addresses the use of music in teaching English and discusses many aspects of music and language learning. The theoretical part introduces music as an important factor in people's lives and presents reasons for its decisive role in acquiring a foreign language. It also provides a comparison between language and music and their effect on human brains. The attention is paid to songs which are presented as an effective pedagogical tool indispensible especially in young learners...
Full Text Available It has been my privilege to work within the ELTC for a period of 10 months, learning about the English language problems and aspirations of the Ministry of Education. While tasked to work directly on a Remedial Instruction Module, it became apparent that the scopes of the initiatives in Malaysia are much more far reaching. In this paper I wish to convey my perspective in a way that may provide some lighthouse markers as the Malaysia Education Blueprint moves forward.
It was realized that teaching methods were only exterior factors, and what to a large extent exerted determinative effect on the learners were their inner factors.Therefore, the focus of the foreign language teaching research shifted from "how to teach" to "how to learn" and from studying "teachers" to doing research on "students".This article briefly indicates the significance of beliefs, anxiety and motivation in English learning.Thus, the author gets the implications for module advancement teaching and testing.
Hatice Gülru Yüksel
Full Text Available The changes observed in the early 1990s have altered the conceptions of learning and teaching in the 21st century, which in turn have raised questions about the nature of teacher education and the core knowledge and skills to be taught to student teachers. Gaining insights about how student teachers project themselves as teachers of 21st century and how they assess their teaching capabilities became crucial for teacher educators and policy makers. This study was conducted with 40 pre-service teachers of English as a foreign language to investigate how they assess their teaching competences and how they project themselves as teachers of future. The study employed a convergent parallel mixed-method design. The findings from quantitative data indicated that their perception related to various teaching competencies were uniform and they feel themselves competent enough in teaching. However, they needed further help in classroom management. The qualitative data can be interpreted as a signal that our participants will possibly adopt a constructivist approach to language teaching.
Kecik, Ilknur; Aydin, Belgin
The aim of this article is to describe the model developed for the teaching practice component of the pre-service Distance English Language Teacher Training Program (DELTT) at Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey. The steps taken to improve the model over a six-year period will be explained and the recent developments in the teaching practice…
This article describes a study that examines Canadian-born and internationally educated teachers' (IETs') self-perceived preparedness to teach English language learners (ELLs). The study employed a survey and interviews to examine teacher candidates': (a) level of empathy with ELLs, (b) sense of preparedness to teach ELLs, and (c) beliefs about…
Apthorp, Helen; Wang, Xin; Ryan, Susan; Cicchinelli, Louis F.
This report on professional teaching standards in the Central Region examines what K-8 general education teachers are expected to know and be able to do in order to teach English language learner students. It reviews the standards for coverage of six topics that the research literature suggests are important for improving student achievement. Key…
1There has been cross- cultural communication as long as long as people form different cultureshave been encountering one another.Because of cultural differences,misunderstanding may arise,al-though the language used in communication may be faultless.The same words or expressions may notmean the same thing to the people from different cultures.Because of cultural differences,a harmfulstatement may cause displeasure or anger.Because of cultural differences,jokes by a foreign speakermay be received with blank...
Baser, Derya; Kopcha, Theodore J.; Ozden, M. Yasar
This paper reports the development and validation process of a self-assessment survey that examines technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) among preservice teachers learning to teach English as a foreign language (EFL). The survey, called TPACK-EFL, aims to provide an assessment tool for preservice foreign language teachers that…
... Notice of Proposed Information Collection: English Language Evaluation Surveys, OMB Control Number 1405... Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: Fulbright English Teaching Assistantship (ETA) Program...: Voluntary. Title of Information Collection: English Language Evaluation: English Language Specialist...
Elio Jesús Cruz Rondón
Full Text Available Learning a foreign language may be a challenge for most people due to differences in the form and structure between one’s mother tongue and a new one. However, there are some tools that facilitate the teaching and learning of a foreign language, for instance, new applications for digital devices, video blogs, educational platforms, and teaching materials. Therefore, this case study aims at understanding the role of teaching materials among beginners’ level students learning English as a foreign language. After conducting five non-participant classroom observations and nine semi-structured interviews, we found that the way the teacher implemented a pedagogical intervention by integrating the four language skills, promoting interactive learning through the use of online resources, and using the course book led to a global English teaching and learning process.
Vocabulary teaching is an important part in English teaching, which purpose is to foster students to use learned words to conduct language communication, increasing the capability of language using in daily life. This paper analyzes the present condition and exposes the problems existing in English vocabulary teaching and learning, then, puts forward some scientific, effective strategies for the education of English vocabulary. I hope these teaching strategies can help teachers improve their teaching methods and help English learners acquire knowledge easily and efficiently.
Reading is a basis for English learning.In light of my present view on English language teaching,the students needs,the present teaching conditions,Task-based Language Teaching(TBLT)which has become one of the most important language teaching approaches that are brought forward by foreign language investigators is a good way to be used in the reading classroom.This paper presents an integrated approach,which is expected to be a great help to English teachers.
Reading is a basis for English learning.In light of my present view on English language teaching,the students needs,the present teaching conditions,Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT)which has become one of the most important language teaching approaches that are brought forward by foreign language investigators is a good way to be used in the reading classroom. This paper presents an integrated approach,which is expected to be a great help to English teachers.
Jaquith, Paul, Ed.
In this special issue on technology in language teaching, major articles include: "Sociocultural Aspects of Second Language Acquisition" (David Nunan); "The Need for Multi-Media ESL Teaching Methods: A Psychological Investigation into Learning Styles" (Don W. Hinkelman, Jay M. Pysock); "Can Japanese Children Learn English?" (David Paul);…
Language is the carrier of culture .Culture is the essence of language .However , most Chinese English teaching seriously lacksthe diverse English culture acquisition .The main topic of this essay is to point out the lexicon differences between English and Chinese languagesand then is about the application of cross -cultural knowledge in English teaching .
Md. Mahroof Hossain
Language is one of the medium of expressing our ideas, feelings and emotions. And if we think about language in present world then English is one of the most used languages in the world and English is used as a second language in Bangladesh. English is introduced here at the primary level and its inclusion continues till the tertiary level of education. Most of the students of the primary schools in rural areas are weak in English language due to lack of skilled and trained teachers who are f...
Full Text Available This article presents an action research project developed in Mayor de San Bartolomé School in 2007, when the authors’ teaching practice took place. The observation of 38 eighth graders, between 13 and 14 years old, highlighted their lack of motivation towards the English class. In the coming semester after the observation, the drama activities carried out in the English class made the students more eager to participate in the class activities and to use this language to communicate with their peers. The Halloween Drama Contest consisted of drama activities along with reading comprehension, writing production, vocabulary exercises and phonetics practice. Students were asked to prepare scripts of six horror movies to be performed on Halloween.
SHEN Wen-yan; HU Jun-jie
English movies are the cultural carriers of English-speaking countries with veritable colloquial expressions, authentic environment and abundant cultural connotation. Teaching English through English movies can not only help students learn Eng⁃lish language, but also acquire English culture. It’s also an effective way to improve students’oral English and their accultural communication ability.
Djair Lázaro de Almeida
Full Text Available Historically the difficulties of deaf students in relation to reading and writing skills were attributed to some causes inherent to deafness, however, currently, it is known that these difficulties occur because of a lack of consideration during the process of teaching and learning, of the deaf language specificities. Thus, the vast majority of deaf people, young and old, had no schooling that had respected these specificities. Therefore, this study aims to describe and analyze pedagogical strategies for the teaching of written Portuguese as a second language, from the construction of knowledge in Libras, in workshops for graduated deaf students in the literacy levels of basic education. The activities of the workshops were documented by video recordings and record in field diaries. Based on the conceptual framework of cultural-historical approach, this study demonstrated the importance of the relationship between researchers and deaf participants offered by language, constituting a space for communication, training and development of individuals. The results indicated that the use of Libras as language of instruction in these areas is critical to the construction of concepts and acquisition of knowledge in reading and writing, as well as appropriated teaching and informed in pictorial resources favored dialogical exchange, facilitating the understanding for deaf people.
@@ 0. Introduction Advances in computer analysis of the English language have shown that lexical patterns are widespread in language use. Some researchers call them "lexical phrases" (Nattinger and DeCarrico,1992) or "lexical chunks" (Lewis, 1993); others use the term "multi-word chunks" or just "chunks"of language. Whatever the terms are, they are characteristic of language use and language acquisition and present advantages for language teaching and learning. The lexical approach to English teaching has received interest in recent years as an alternative to grammar-based approaches. The lexical approach concentrates on developing learners' skills in understanding and using words and word combinations.
The development of reading ability has always been one of the primary objectives in English language teaching ,so the schema theory in English reading teaching has been drawn an increasingly attention.
This paper aims at discussing the influence and enlightenment of sociolinguistics to English teaching.Sociolinguistics studies language major in studying social factors.This research way plays a role on English teaching of students.
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This guide presents the "minimum teaching essentials" published by the New York City Board of Education for grades 5-9. Subjects covered include: (1) communication arts; (2) English as a second language; (3) foreign language; (4) home economics; (5) industrial arts; (6) library skills; and (7) typewriting. Study skills for these areas are given…
I evaluated my teaching practice from the following perspective,namely:the application of whole language approach,emphasis on the variety of English being taught,error correction,adopting authentic task in both teaching and exam as well as strategy instruction.They play a role in enhancing oral English.
@@ English teaching is essentially a cross-culture communication. One purpose of English teaching is to develop learners' awareness of culture differences reflected in languages. Culture is like an iceberg, only some of culture is visible, such as history,literature, and customs.
Full Text Available This article analyzes an ethnographic encounter involving the personal narrative of Braulio, a graduate of the Bachelor of Arts program in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL of the public state university of Oaxaca, Mexico. In his personal narrative, Braulio becomes empowered as an English teacher while also being cast into such diverse roles as a businessman of a chocolate factory, an English translator for the APPO social movement, and an interrogator for the state police. The analysis of the narrative is realized through the lens of a postcolonial literary perspective based on the literary tools of plot, point of view, and characterization. The resultant crossover treatment of literary analysis, ethnography, and TESOL not only locates Braulio’s narrative within a postcolonial context but also allows the researchers to be co-performers in the narrative act. This leads both Braulio and the researchers to a critical reflection on the everyday practice of English teachers in postcolonial contexts such as Oaxaca.
Seung-Yoeun, Yoo; SookHee, Lee
Parents must be the first teachers and the best English teachers for children in their whole life. Now in Korea, some brave and challenging mothers are innovating new English approaches in their homes with their young kids. They have goals that their children come to possess the ability to use the English language as a vehicle to think and solve…
The present article provides a critical review of Randi Reppen’s impressing book Using Corpora in the Language Class⁃room. It’s argued that Randi Reppen’s book, despite a few slight flaws, has a strong practical orientation and is a laudable effort to make English language teachers to realize the importance and practicality of bringing corpora into classroom in digital age. The book is particularly worthy of reading for those language teachers (especially beginner teachers) who want to breathe new life into their English teaching.
Francisca Maria Ivone
Full Text Available This article addresses some important issues regarding the teaching of foreign vocabulary. It draws on the literature reviews in this field and is also based on personal reflections and experiences of the writer. This article critically highlights the teaching of English vocabulary in Indonesian schools and universities. More particularly, it discusses issues dealing with curriculum, teaching techniques, instructional media, and vocabulary assessment. Finally, this article provides recommendations for the improvement of the teaching of English vocabulary in the Indonesian context
The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyse the effectiveness and necessity of managing the teaching of critical thinking skills in English Home Language to second language speakers in the Further Education and Training phase, by focusing on critical thinking skills; classroom management; management skills of professional teachers; the relationship between teaching and management; guidelines for effective classroom management; the National Curriculum Statement Grades 10-12; the Na...
Since the implementation of English class XinCheng, English teachers actively studying task-based language teaching approach, try to use task-based language teaching in the classroom teaching. This article will combine the implementation of task-based language teaching, and discussed the application of the task-based language teaching in English teaching.
McGee, Alyson; Haworth, Penny; MacIntyre, Lesieli
With a substantial increase in the numbers of English language learners in schools, particularly in countries where English is the primary use first language, it is vital that educators are able to meet the needs of ethnically and linguistically changing and challenging classrooms. However, despite the recognition of the importance of effective…
Al-Issa, Ali S.; Al-Bulushi, Ali H.
Sultanate of Oman is one out of many developing countries around the world which have valued English as a very important international language and a tool for achieving multiple purposes. When His Majesty the Sultan came to power in 1970, the government accepted English as the only official foreign language and allocated huge budgets and resources…
Shojaei, Abouzar; Motallebzadeh, Khalil
This book is a very helpful book which gives us information and knowledge of using technology in language learning and teaching. It contains detailed consideration to articulatory and auditory Language learning as well as to the practicalities of English language learning. The book discusses the relationship between English language learning and technology.
Yüzen, Abdulkadir; Karamete, Aysen
In this study, using ADDIE instructional design model, it is aimed to prepare English language educational material for 4th grade primary students to teach them numbers. At the same time, ARCS model of motivation's attention, relevance and satisfaction phases are also taken into consideration. This study also comprises of Design Based Research…
This study investigates the challenges sixteen non-native preservice ESL teachers in a Bachelor of Education (English Language) (BEdEL) programme from Hong Kong experienced in an eight-week teaching practicum. Qualitative data from semi-structured interviews and reflective journals were collected from all 16 participants to obtain a detailed…
Language learner strategies, which are closely associated with second language teaching, have experienced great devel-opment in the fields of theory-building and instructional practices since the 1970s. By reviewing previous research, pedagogical enlightenments can be drawn to the current English language teaching.
H. Douglas Brown introduces twelve principles of second language learning which have given teachers great insights into their language teaching. In the paper, the emphasis is put upon the principle of risk-taking and its classroom applications. The aim of the thesis is to elaborate upon how the principle is applied in language teaching.
This thesis investigates vocational college English teachers’perceptions and attitudes toward CLT,revealed the obsta⁃cles and difficulties teachers encountered in the application of CLT in vocational English classroom. Meanwhile, this research at⁃tempts to explore how the apply CLT effectively in China.
Rodriguez, Karen Margaret
This qualitative study centered on science instruction and learning that occurred in a Title I elementary school in a suburban district in southeast Texas. Twelve teachers were interviewed in order to understand their perceptions of their classroom practices in terms of science instruction and learning for English Language Learners (ELL). This study also analyzed information gathered from teacher lesson plan and classroom observations. The participants’ awareness of the instructional practices necessary for ELL student achievement in science was evident through analysis of interview transcripts. However, after observation of actual classroom instruction, it became apparent that the teaching and learning in most classrooms was not reflective of this awareness. This study proposes that this disconnect may be a result of a lack of quality professional development available to the teachers. The study also outlines and describes the characteristics of quality professional development and its relationship to focused instruction and continuous student improvement.
Mahmud Mahmud; Pangesti Wiedarti
This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of English and Arabic teaching and learning the Language and Culture Center (LCC) at the State Institute for Islamic Studies Shekh Nurjati Cirebon (SIIS SNJ) based on the students’ perception. The study is to find out students’ opinion toward English and Arabic teaching and learning process and provide beneficial information for the teaching system in the LCC. This study used descriptive survey approach. The subjects were the students of English a...
Although Communicative Language Teaching is accepted by many English teachers in China as one of the most effective approach in English language teaching, there are still a number of misunderstandings about it. By comparing Johnstone; Sato and Kleinsasser and Thompson as well as Spada, this article focuses on four of the main misunderstandings,…
Di Pardo Léon-Henri, Dana
Foreign language teaching at the university level has taken on importance and value over the last decade due to global competition between institutions of higher education. For this reason, language educators are faced with the challenge of looking for innovative teaching methods, which not only stimulate and motivate their students while encouraging language acquisition, but also add an intercultural dimension.This teaching note proposes to analyze the use and impact of cinematic resources (...
Teaching strategies in the ESL classroom are highly demanding. Effective and appropriate teaching strategies can improve students' interests in learning English and enhance interaction between the teacher and students. This paper is an attempt to analyze suitable teaching strategies based on students' communicative ability in the ESL classroom which can enhance interaction.
Artiklis analüüsitakse soorolle inglise keele õpikutes "TipTop 5. Student's book" (S. Rixon, J. Moates. London; Basingstoke: Macmillan. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1996) ja "English Step 5" (I. Sotter, L. Vahtra. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1997)
Malaysia has come to a point where second and third languages become part of the requirements to be employed especially in the multinational and international companies. After gaining its Independence, English becomes the second language in Malaysia, and Bahasa Melayu is recognised as the official language of the country. This move has greatly…
One of the most challenging problems for EFL students is to be able to express themselves not just grammatically but also acceptably and naturally in English in appropriate contexts. The ability to produce acceptable and natural expressions in English is closely related to the EFL students’ competence in collocation—which words go together in normal usage. The present study provides an empirical analysis on negative transfer made by Indonesian EFL students in lexical collocation and recommen...
English is a language of communication, and text is a comprehensive material of language learning. So teachers should adopt suitable English text-teaching methods. They ought to transform from the traditional way and pay some attention to language skills. They should tend to cultivate students’ abilities of listening, speaking, reading, and writing through text teaching and learning.
Cirillo, Michelle; Bruna, Katherine Richardson; Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth
In this article, we describe aspects of mathematical language that could be problematic to English-language learners, provide recommendations for teaching English-language learners, and suggest activities intended to foster language development in mathematics. (Contains 1 figure.)
Because of the difference of geography , history, culture and humane studies of different countries , Chinese people and English -speaking people have dif-ferent thought patterns .In fact, the effect of differences between English and Chinese thought patterns on teaching English as a foreign language has drawn our in -creasing attention .This paper discusses the differences between Chinese thought pattern and English thought pattern , and provides some suggestion for English teach-ing of writing .
Otaala, Laura A.; Plattner, Ilse E.
In many African countries, English is the medium of instruction in higher education even though students may not always be entirely familiar with "standard" English. This study aimed at investigating the relevance of English language competencies for teaching and learning from the perspective of students and lecturers. The study was…
Seimears, C. Matt
The purpose of this exploratory case study was to explore the middle school science classroom of a constructivist teacher and examine how constructivist-based teaching influences ELL students and their learning of science. The researcher's purpose was to discover patterns which emerged after close observations, careful documentation, and thoughtful analysis of the research topic. What was discovered by this exploratory case study was not sweeping generalizations but contextual findings. This case study was conducted in the spring of 2006. The researcher sought to answer the question, "How does constructivist teaching help middle school English Language Learners understand science?" Two variable clusters were examined: (1) the independent variable cluster of the constructivist teaching practices of the one selected teacher; and (2) the dependent variable cluster of the middle school English Language Learners understanding of the science concepts being taught. Four broad categories of data were collected: (1) observations of teaching and learning (including teaching plans and other teaching materials); (2) interviews related to teaching and learning; (3) inventories of teaching and learning; and (4) artifacts of learning. Steve Loos, an eighth grade middle school science teacher, is an expert constructivist-based teacher. His teaching influences English Language Learners understanding of the science concepts being taught. Steve's teaching influenced the English Language Learners through a variety of pedagogical strategies. The researcher concluded in this study that, "Constructivist teaching helps middle school English Language Learners understand science."
In China,English teachers in senior high school use little body language.Some of them will argue they do use it.However,those body languages they have used are random,far from meaningful ones.If you know how to use meaningful body language,you’11 find a way to make your classes effective.Body language includes facial expression,gaze,head
British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.
This profile of the English language teaching situation in Venezuela discusses the status of English in society and in the educational system. It also gives an account of Venezuelan political, economic, and social life. A description is given of the education system and reforms that have been proposed for nursery school through higher education.…
Zaenab S. Abdul Majeed; Normah binti Othman
This study is aimed to investigate the situation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) course taught in English language in secondary schools in Pahang, Malaysia. From a social point of view the study examines teachers’ attitude towards and applications of computer to further reveal the chances of their use of English language in the classroom. The objective data is collected from school teachers by using questionnaires and interviews. The data analysis is conducted through T-tes...
With the rapid development of the society, people are expected to improve their language quality as well. So when people have to express something unpleasant, they prefer to employ some mild, implicit and euphemistic expressions. Meanwhile, an increasing number of scientists indulge themselves in studying English euphemisms from different perspectives, such as linguis⁃tics, pragmatics, and psychology and so on. English Euphemisms applied in class can not only help create a relaxing and lively at⁃mosphere but also protect the students’self-esteem and stimulate their interests in English. However, the researches on the ef⁃fects of applying English euphemisms in English class are few. Therefore, Based on Face-saving Theory, this paper intends to highlight the importance of applying English euphemisms in English teaching.
Okoth, Teresa A.
This study investigated the challenges Form III English language teachers face when implementing the revised integrated English language curriculum. A mixed-method descriptive design was used in Eldoret East SubCounty in Kenya. Data was collected through questionnaires, interviews and reflective conversations. Cluster, purposive and random…
Language and culture are closely related to each other. From the aspect of language as the semiotic system, language is the carrier of culture and culture is the entailment of language .The language of any nation bears the deep content of its culture .It can be said that language is the reflection of a nation's culture .Therefore the learning of a language must be connected with the acquisition of the corresponding culture. In the English classrooms English teacher should teach the language and the culture as well. This paper deals with both the cultural contents to be taught and the principles of teaching them in the English classrooms.
It was realized that teaching methods were only exterior factors, and what to a large extent exerted determinative effect on the learners were their inner factors.Therefore, the focus of the foreign language teaching research shifted from“how to teach” to“how to learn” and from studying“teachers” to doing research on“students”.This article briefly indicates the significance of beliefs, anxiety and motivation in English learning. Thus, the author gets the implications for module advancement teaching and testing.
Full Text Available The Indonesian community generally perceives that English language teaching should require phonology, vocabulary, grammar, discourse, and pragmatics. As a result, this often demands that pre-school teachers use English all the time. Code switching between English, Indonesian, and Minang – the local language of the region – is perceived negatively, and teachers are often criticized for using a multilingual approach that is “part snake and part eel” [sakarek ula sakarek baluik]. This refers to a negative perception of mixing languages in educational settings. In fact, code switching between Minang (first language, Indonesian (second language, and English (foreign language is the norm of language use in this part of Indonesia. However, in this community, there is a lack of respect for pre-school teachers' professionalism as well as scepticism towards the effectiveness of a multilingual teaching approach, which is used widely at the pre-school level. Vygotsky , the Russian psychologist, presents a different perspective on this phenomenon, noting that children learn languages by playing. Their first language can be the main tool to help them understand new words and utterances in context. By using code switching, teachers help pre-school children to link their prior knowledge and experience to the new forms of expression that enable them to derive the meaning of new words from the social context of language use. For this reason, scaffolding techniques should be used by pre-school teachers, particularly in ways which support children's cognitive development in constructing new meanings based on their first language experience. This paper, based on a research study-in-progress at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia, explores patterns of interaction between pre-school teachers and their students as teachers scaffold the development of EFL through dramatic play in West Sumatera, Indonesia. This interaction is systemic in nature and
The widespread use of English in China these years leads to the formation of two kinds of controversial languages: a new kind of world English cal ed China English and the other is Chinese English (Chinglish). The use of Chinglish needs to be reduced or eradicated, on the contrary, the use of China English should be proposed and it can provide enlightenment on language teaching.
<正>The article mainly explores the current concept of World Englishes and its implication for language teaching.After the history and present definition of World Englishes have been discussed in a broad perspective,the author continues to talk about the influence of World Englishes on World Language Education.Chinese English education is then specifically addressed with implications given for both policy-makers and classroom teachers of English.
Fahainis Mohd. Yusof
Full Text Available The secondary school English curriculum in Malaysia advocates that English could provide greater opportunities for students to improve their knowledge and skills in cross cultural settings. Additionally, they will be able to interact with students from other countries and improve their proficiency in English. Given the increasing importance of international interactions among English users from different backgrounds and the current approaches in ELT pedagogy in literature, this paper examines the oral competency skills of a group of English teachers. Data was collected in a seminar specially carried out for a group of selected English teachers. Through micro-teachings sessions, the English teachers demonstrated their use of oral communication skills in delivering the content of the subjects. This seminar was an attempt to establish the collaboration among recognised Excellent English Teachers and their colleagues to enhance their oral communication skills in classrooms. The results indicated the potential of developing an oral competency framework that could be constructed and referred to by secondary English teachers so as to enhance their effectiveness of teaching the content knowledge to their students. This oral competency framework would provide an excellent opportunity to help realise the purpose of using English as the medium of instruction as proposed within the curriculum.
The aim of this essay is to give a complete and critical description of drama,which can be adopted in English classes in China.The background of teaching English in China identifying the gap between English teaching and Chinese students'communi-cation needs is presented at first.Then,a profound literature review takes a place explaining the theoretical basis of this topic.On parallel,definition of drama,its formats and benefits are discussed within this literature review.Simulation as a specific drama ac-tivity will also be identified.
A game is an activity with a mixture of rules, a goal and an element of fun. Successful completion of the game will involve the carrying out of a variety of activities, in which the participants will communicate with each other co-operte with each other. This article gives a rough description of the current approach in teaching English as a foreign language in the home situation and an overview of the advantages of using games in class.It also discusses the application of games in oral English teaching, aiming at promoting students' motivation to learn oral English and thus providing a more effective English lesson.
Halim, Lilia; Dahlan, Fathiyah; Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.
In view of the current debate in Malaysia about the teaching of science and mathematics in English, a qualitative study was undertaken involving a purposeful sampling of three non-physics teachers to ascertain how well equipped they were with the necessary pedagogical content knowledge relating to the teaching of the topic of "heat energy" in the…
Dare, G. J.
Describes strategies for developing mathematical language and concepts in nursery school children in Nigeria using English as a second language, including use of sand, water, wooden blocks, and dramatic play in the classroom shop. Suggests that through these methods a verbal foundation is laid for mathematical understanding. (Author/BK)
This article describes the effects of an interventionist form-focused course on the written English of first-year second language university learners. For two semester courses the form (or grammar) of the language was concentrated upon. During the first semester the use of correct grammar was focussed on intensively, while during the second…
Francisca Maria Ivone
This article addresses some important issues regarding the teaching of foreign vocabulary. It draws on the literature reviews in this field and is also based on personal reflections and experiences of the writer. This article critically highlights the teaching of English vocabulary in Indonesian schools and universities. More particularly, it discusses issues dealing with curriculum, teaching techniques, instructional media, and vocabulary assessment. Finally, this article provides recommenda...
The importance of teaching and learning English for Specific Purposes has become undeniable and the advances in business and communication technology in recent years have revolutionized it. Business English is a variety of ESP(English for Specific Purposes) and functions in accordance with the business discourse implying an interaction between business and language. These are the reasons why nowadays there is constant preoccupation for this field and a tremendous need of an ap...
Schroeder, Carlotta Dorothy
Equal educational opportunity for English language learners (ELLs) has been a goal of the public educational system in the United States. Language policy reforms have increasedaccountability in order for schools to improve student achievement and measure the progress of ELLs. The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) requires assessment and accountability. In this study, the number of ELLs has increased significantly at the high school level and school district as a whole. Along with the changing demographics, the findings reveal a district-wide policy of equalizing educational opportunity through equal treatment. Language policies provide critical decisions about how to measure what students know in all subjects. The assimilation model limited access to mainstream course content, produced inaccurate assessment results and grades. The science curriculum was only accessible through English and the use of the students' native languages was discouraged. The voices of the students were silenced and their academic achievement continues to lag behind their English-speaking peers.
Language is closely connected to culture, which is a presentation of culture. College English teaching is not just the language teaching, the cultural introduction is also essential. The paper puts forward the concrete application of culture introduction in college English class through analyzing the importance of culture introduction. It is helpful to change students’ lower cultural quality and poor communicative competence. It is conducive to have a clear understanding of English culture and improve students’ English integrated applied abilities and communication skills.
Full Text Available Word recognition is a major component of fluent reading and involves an interaction of language structure, orthography, and metalinguistic skills. This study examined reading strategies in isiXhosa and the transfer of these strategies to an additional language, English. IsiXhosa was chosen because of its agglutinative structure and conjunctive orthography. Data was collected at two schools which differed with regards to their language of learning and teaching (LoLT in the first three years of schooling: isiXhosa and English respectively. Participants completed a wordand pseudo-word reading aloud task in each of two languages which hypothetically impose different cognitive demands. Skills transfer occurs to a limited extent when the language of first literacy uses a transparent orthography, but is less predictable when the language of first literacy uses an opaque orthography. We show that although there is transfer of word recognition strategies from transparent to deep orthographies, felicitous transfer is limited to sublexical strategies; infelicitous transfer also occurs when lexical strategies are transferred in problematic ways. The results support the contention that reading strategies and cognitive skills are fine tuned to particular languages. This study emphasises that literacies in different languages present readers with different structural puzzles which require language-particular suites of cognitive reading skills. Keywords: Foundation phase education; multilingual education; reading; word recognition; automaticity; isiXhosa reading
Banegas, Darío Luis
In the last decade, there has been a major interest in content-based instruction (CBI) and content and language integrated learning (CLIL). These are similar approaches which integrate content and foreign/second language learning through various methodologies and models as a result of different implementations around the world. In this paper, I first offer a sociocultural view of CBI-CLIL. Secondly, I define language and content as vital components in CBI-CLIL. Thirdly, I revie...
语言迁移是一种语言对学习另一种语言产生的影响。这种现象在第二语言习得过程中是普遍存在的。根据母语在第二语言习得中的影响，母语迁移分为正迁移和负迁移。正迁移有助于加速语言学习者对目的语的学习，而负迁移则会干扰阻碍学习者对目的语的掌握。据此通过举例分析汉语语法知识对英语语法学习的正、负迁移作用，倡导教育者积极深入挖掘英汉两种语言的共同要素，以便促进学生在英语学习中掌握语法规律，进而提高英语教学效率。%Language transfer is an effect which is caused by similarities or differences between native language and target language of a language learner. The phenomenon commonly exists in the process of SLA. Language transfer divides into positive transfer and negative transfer, according to the effects of native language in SLA. Posi- tive transfer may help language learners to accelerate the speed of learning target language. Negative transfer may disturb or make difficulties for learning target language. Through examples, the paper discussed the effect of Chi- nese grammar knowledge to English grammar learning. And the author advocates educators look for the similarities between Chinese and English positively, and which helps students to promote mastery of English grammar rules, and finally improves efficiency of English grammar teaching.
Segal, Bertha E.
Materials from a teacher workshop on the Total Physical Response method for teaching English as a second language are presented. The technique describes the process of first language acquisition, uses physical activities in the classroom to reinforce learning, and allows a long period of receptive language learning before requiring production. The…
@@ Ⅰ The significance for the minority students in Xinjiang to learn foreign languages. Xinjiang is a region with many minorities. The population of the minorities accounts for 60% of the total population. For the past several years, the minorities in Xinjiang spread their own histories, culture and scientific knowledge by using their own languages mostly.
Full Text Available The purpose of the research was to compare the effect of teaching English through instructional softwares to teaching it through classical methods on students’ academic achievement. The research had an applied aim and its method was quasi-experimental. Statistical population included all the male students of secondary schools of Sari, district-one consisting 934 students and 479 of whom were selected by simple random sampling method. A researcher-made questionnaire with an adequate reliability (a = 0/86 was used for gathering data. The gathered data were analyzed by single-group t test, two dependent groups t test and two independent group t test.The results revealed that not only using instructional softwares were effective on students’ academic achievement but its' effect on students’ academic achievement was more than classical methods as well. Teaching english through instructional softwares highly motivated the students toward language learning.
Interactive teaching is a new subject. Teacher plays an important role in the process of teaching,then how the teacher does interactive teaching well? This text explores it from the aspect, how the teacher instructs the student how to study, to promote and improve it, advance the quality-oriented education in the smooth going on as soon as possible in our country.
Minodora Otilia Simion
The paper mentions the history of teaching Business English in Romanian universities in the past 20 years and focuses on Business English for communication nowadays. It discusses the evolution of the subject and, as today teaching Business English tends to cultivate business expertise rather than teach language skills, a more systematic Business English curriculum is aimed at. Since learners need to improve their ability to communicate in particular business and general communication situatio...
English listening proficiency is always the most difficult part for English learners as the second language especially in China-mainland. Meanwhile, English teacher always take challenges in how to teach student the skills. This paper studies different learners and their different learning type, then put forward 8 necessary factors which should be concluded in the whole teaching step.
Departing from a brief presentation of the various views of language, this article elaborates the influence of views of languageon language teaching and language testing. This will help us have background knowledge on language teaching and language testing.
Marshall, Chloë R.; Hobsbaum, Angela
Background: Children who are learning English as an Additional Language (EAL) may start school with smaller vocabularies than their monolingual peers. Given the links between vocabulary and academic achievement, it is important to evaluate interventions that are designed to support vocabulary learning in this group of children. Aims: To evaluate…
This article aims to improve teaching in adult English classroom. It stresses the importance of the suitable materials,the teacher's abilities, teaching mode and effect. Any language can be mastered if student-centered communicative mode.
Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) proved to be an influential teaching approach in second language acquisition recent years.Yet,TBLT came into being with certain culture background,it can't be applied randomly and mechanically.This pa-per precisely introduces the task-based language learning and reviews the literature on the basic pedagogical theories of TBLT,then briefly introduces the framework of Willis for TBLT,and takes a small size group of middle school students as an example.It mainly aims to discuss the application of Task-based language learning in the classroom and through analyzing the disadvan-tages of task-based language teaching to find out a successful approach to implement TBLT.
Carol Anne Ochoa Alpala
Full Text Available Blended Learning has become one of the most common ways to teach EFL (English as a Foreign Language due to its double component, which integrates Face-to-Face classes with virtual learning in order to offer students a wide range of materials and resources organized in a methodological way. Over the years, teachers and students have changed the way this educational process is seen because new technologies have been implemented and teachers have to propose new ways of working to display materials that complement EFL Face-to-Face classes. However, the implementation of a Blended Course must have a pedagogical foundation for each setting where it is planned in order to be developed. This article seeks to present some integrative components of Blended Learning and how they have been applied in several researches done in different contexts as well as to present some considerations to keep in mind when designing, implementing and evaluating this model. Besides, it encourages teachers to reflect upon Blended Learning (BL as a potential and different way to approach learning EFL, taking advantage of all the emerging pedagogical tools.
Stavreva Veselinovska, Snezana; Kirova, Snezana
This paper’s aim is to examine how environmental education could be integrated into the English as a second/foreign language (EFL/ESL) classroom in R. Macedonia. Environmental education is a lifelong process which handles inter-rational components of the natural world and of that created by man, leading to mandatory management of the natural environment. We are of the opinion that shared processing curriculum has advantages for both learning English and learning environmental education. W...
Yasemin Aksoyalp; Tugba Elif Toprak
Investigating the presence and presentation of speech acts in course books may be significant in an EFL (English as a Foreign Language) environment since in most cases, students rely on them for pragmatic input. Though a large body of research has dealt with the speech acts, relatively little research has been conducted to examine the speech acts in English course books. To fill in this gap, this study aimed to investigate how complaints, apologies and suggestions were presented in EFL course...
Mercuri, Sandra Patricia
This case study examines the practice of two bilingual education teachers in an attempt to understand the planning and instructional activities occurring in their classrooms by focusing on students' academic language development during science instruction. This site was selected as an 'instrumental' case to examine for several reasons. This school is among the few in the district that is teaching science. Despite the political climate related to bilingual education, the teachers at this school offer an articulated dual immersion program from K to grade six. This site has experienced success in beginning to close the achievement gap between English learners and their native English speaking peers on standardized test measures. Using a qualitative approach, data was collected from two unique cases through detailed observations of classroom practice, audio-taped lessons, an initial and a follow up interview, artifacts and an initial survey. Scarcella's (2003) framework on academic language was used to analyze the different components of academic language of the science instruction. A theoretical framework from Stoddart et al. on levels of integrated planning expertise and Dell' Alba & Sandberg's concept of embodied understanding of practice also informed the study. Three main findings were drawn from this study: (a) academic language can be effectively taught through science instruction when teachers have the expertise to integrate language learning with science inquiry; (b) the teaching of and planning for academic language development through content is shaped over time by teachers' teaching and personal experiences with the content and their ability to integrate both; (c) While a theoretical model of academic language can be used to analyze teachers' instructional strategies during a science lesson, this model has limitations. Teachers' understanding of their own practice developed overtime shaped the way they manipulated the curriculum for their particular grade
Abriam-Yago, K; Yoder, M; Kataoka-Yahiro, M
The health care system requires nurses with the language ability and the cultural knowledge to meet the health care needs of ethnic minority immigrants. The recruitment, admission, retention, and graduation of English as a Second Language (ESL) students are essential to provide the workforce to meet the demands of the multicultural community. Yet, ESL students possess language difficulties that affect their academic achievement in nursing programs. The application of the Cummins Model of language proficiency is discussed. The Cummins Model provides a framework for nursing faculty to develop educational support that meets the learning needs of ESL students.
Dr. Priya. S
Full Text Available Many universities have introduced Humanities subjects into the engineering streams in tune with trends practiced globally. Engineers need to inculcate the spirit of humanities to acquire team spirit, critical thinking abilities and also problem-solving abilities for career advancement. Language skills empower engineers to face future challenges globally. In India also, Communicative English and Business English/ Professional English have been integrated into the Humanities stream of undergraduate programs in all Engineering colleges. Under this background, this empirical study examines the problems related to syllabus designed in the existing curricula of English language through questionnaire survey which was administered to 770 students of 20 engineering colleges. Ten items questionnaire objectively aimed to analyze three different aspects of the course designed for engineers. Firstly, to find out how the implementation of the syllabus matches the language learning needs of the students of the digital age. Secondly, to examine the teaching methodologies of four language skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing and finally to investigate how far the students preferred lab classes to theory classes. On the basis of the responses elicited, the aspects related to their immediate need of a learner centered curriculum are represented through graphical data for better interpretation. The research, thus, aimed at throwing light on the strengths and weaknesses of the existing system and the need to envisage a paradigm shift for preparing global engineers in the context of fast emerging situations around the world.
With the development of language teaching,multimedia has been widely used in college English teaching.Introducing the multimedia into English teaching is an inevitable trend of the development of English teaching.However,we have seen many difficulties and misunderstanding in the application of multimedia.This paper is focused on how to build up a better language teaching environment assisted by multimedia technique,and how to use multimedia in college English teaching effectively.
ZHU; Yu; WANG; Jin
Abstract:Translation is an independent discipline(Jean Delisle,1988).With the deepening of translation studies,translation teaching aroused widespread concern among translation academia,and gradually separated from language teaching,being a subj ect with its own obj ectives and a special position.This paper,firstly introduces the obj ectives and content of translation teaching,then points out several common problems in translation teaching.Finally,associated with the basic principles of translation teaching,it analyzes the strategies of English translation teaching.
Porras González Nohora Inés
Full Text Available This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional Bucaramanga. During the research process the student-teachers were required to plan the course syllabus, create their own stories according to the children’s interests and likes, plan the lessons, and collect and analyze data. Although the student-teachers worked in different grade levels, the results of the study present similarities such as the children’s motivation when the stories were told or read, increased participation in the different activities, comprehension of the stories, and acquisition of the new vocabulary. Key words: Storytelling, story, reading, teaching, children Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio sobre el uso de historias para la enseñanza del inglés a niños en los grados primero, segundo y tercero. El estudio se llevó a cabo en una escuela pública de Bucaramanga, Colombia. La propuesta fue iniciada por un grupo de docentes en formación de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, seccional Bucaramanga. Durante el proceso de investigación los docentes elaboraron e implementaron una propuesta de intervención, y además recolectaron y analizaron datos. Aunque los docentes trabajaron en diferentes grados, los resultados del estudio presentaron similitudes, tales como gran motivación de los niños al escuchar o leer las historias, alta participación en las diferentes actividades, comprensión de las historias y adquisición de vocabulario. Palabras clave: narración de historias, lectura de historia, enseñanza a niños
Issues involved in teaching and assessing communicative competence are identified and applied to adolescent native English speakers with low levels of academic achievement. A distinction is drawn between transactional versus interactional speech, short versus long speaking turns, and spoken language influenced or not influenced by written…
Recruitment of overseas English teachers is becoming a tendency in face of business strategies and a widening demand-supply gap. While, some private and small LTOs in China lack of the experience and investment just take advantage of generous salary and benefits to attract foreign teachers. Especially, when approaching term time, they usually lower the requirements on teachers, which tend to cause many potential problems. Theoretical background in recruitment process and work motivation ar...
Revised edition for the 2015 syllabus to help your students prepare for their examination and enhance their enjoyment of English. This title has been written for the revised Cambridge IGCSE First Language English (0500 and 0522) syllabuses, for first teaching from 2013. ? Develops the skills necessary to become a better reader and writer. ? Offers detailed advice and preparation for the examination. ? Teaches skills for successful writing of essays and coursework assignment. We are working with Cambridge International Examinations to gain endorsement for this title.
Darío Luis Banegas
Full Text Available In the last decade, there has been a major interest in content-based instruction (CBI and content and language integrated learning (CLIL. These are similar approaches which integrate content and foreign/second language learning through various methodologies and models as a result of different implementations around the world. In this paper, I first offer a sociocultural view of CBI-CLIL. Secondly, I define language and content as vital components in CBI-CLIL. Thirdly, I review the origins of CBI and the continuum perspective, and CLIL definitions and models featured in the literature. Fourth, I summarise current aspects around research in programme evaluation. Last, I review the benefits and challenges of this innovative approach so as to encourage critically context-responsive endeavours.
Reddy, Dr. P. Sreenivasulu
Todays world considers English as a global language. The present article explains how the teaching of English started with Grammar-Translation Method and secured a strong hold in the field of teaching English, though its basic assumptions were questionable. It also examines the principles of Direct Method and its insistence on establishing a bond between the experience and expression. In an effort to meet the needs of the Indian students of English, we learn that Michael West proposed the Rea...
English as a foreign language has been a subject in middle school of China for years. Teachers and educators generation by generation have been trying to find an optimal method of teaching foreign language to help students master it better. After unceasing explor-ing, traditional teaching pattern has been im-proved and new teaching approaches appear such as Task-based language teaching and com-municative language teaching. However, what-ever teaching methods English teachers use in the class, they should not ignore the cultural in-put in English teaching. The successful and effi-cient English teaching should transform the sin-gle language teaching into the combination of language teaching and cultural teaching. The thesis is concerned with the significance of cul-ture in English teaching. More specifical y, some consideration wil be given to the reasons and ways of teaching culture.
Frank, Betty-Vinca N.
Students who are English Language Learners (ELLs) form the fastest growing segment of the American school population. Prompted by the call for scientific literacy for all citizens, science educators too have investigated the intersection of language and science instruction of ELLs. However these studies have typically been conducted with elementary students. Few studies have explored how high school science teachers, particularly those who have not received any special training, approach science instruction of ELLs and what supports them in this endeavor. This was a qualitative case study conducted with five science teachers in one small urban high school that predominantly served ELLs. The purpose of this study was to examine instructional approaches used by teachers to make science accessible to ELLs and the factors that supported or inhibited them in developing their instructional approaches. This goal encompassed the following questions: (a) how teachers viewed science instruction of ELLs, (b) how teachers designed a responsive program to teach science to ELLs, (c) what approaches teachers used for curriculum development and instruction, (d) how teachers developed classroom learning communities to meet the needs of ELLs. Seven instructional strategies and five perceived sources of support emerged as findings of this research. In summary, teachers believed that they needed to make science more accessible for their ELL students while promoting their literacy skills. Teachers provided individualized attention to students to provide relevant support. Teachers engaged their students in various types of active learning lessons in social contexts, where students worked on both hands-on and meaning-making activities and interacted with their peers and teachers. Teachers also created classroom communities and learning spaces where students felt comfortable to seek and give help. Finally, teachers identified several sources of support that influenced their instructional
Reading is not only the most effective way to get the knowledge of the language but also the only way to improve the language skills of English learners. However, the vast majority of students' reading ability are far apart from the curriculum stan⁃dards in reality. Reading English newspaper helps to mobilize the enthusiasm of students' reading, and improve their reading abili⁃ty. It forms a bridge between learning and real life. It extends the English reading from the teaching materials and guides students to a lot of extracurricular reading, creating a new reading space for students.
College English teaching compares with the traditional English teaching from visual-audio-oral aspects. The integrated English teaching is mainly manifested in the target, systematicness, normalization, efficiency and effectiveness of the integrated English teaching quality. With the criteria of practicability, quality, integration and language features of the integrated teaching, this paper carries out quantifiable weight analysis of the integrated college English teaching content based on A...
Compared with other countries in Asia, Japan is far behind in terms of introducing and delivering bilingual education, let alone effective immersion programmes. In order to make its citizens more bilingual, Japan has been introducing innovative measures including the implementation of the teaching of English in elementary education and a new…
Ivanova, Olimpiada F.
In this "Idea Sharing" article, the author describes the techniques used when teaching oral summary making to second-year students studying Business English at the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs of the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow. The techniques are based on peer assessment, which…
Moore, Tara Sheehan
Although researchers have investigated teachers' perceptions of their preparedness to instruct English language learners (ELLs) and value student culture in the classroom, there has been a lack of studies at an elementary school level. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine the perceptions of elementary teachers about their use…
Gomleksiz, M. N.
The present study compares the effects of the cooperative jigsaw II method and traditional teacher-centred teaching method on improving vocabulary knowledge and active-passive voice in English as a foreign language for engineering students and the students' attitudes towards learning English. Jigsaw is a cooperative learning model that involves…
Language is learned to communicate, but how to use it appropriately is far more important. Since language and culture have an inextricable link in between, to improve the students’Intercultural communicative competence (ICC), issues on integrat⁃ing an intercultural approach into ELT classroom has been long debated and studied in foreign language teaching field. This paper will start with the definition of ICC, analyze the correlation between language and culture then offer valuable suggestions on how to integrate IcLL approach into ELT in China.
Baccaglini, Gale W.
In this qualitative study eight international scholars and practitioners of English were interviewed in order to understand their viewpoints about how English language teaching is evolving from a role of English as a Foreign Language to one of English as an International Language in this contemporary world in which there are more nonnative…
Shishavan, Homa Babai
In this study English language teachers and learners engaged in teaching and learning of English in Iranian universities, high schools and private language institutes were asked about characteristics of an effective English language teacher. The aim of the study was to investigate whether male and female teachers and learners of English hold…
Language is the carrier for spreading culture. Only after understanding the cultural connotation in language, can students master a foreign language to great extent. However, in our English teaching, teacher only focuses on linguistic forms rather than English countries' society or culture. Due to this kind of English teaching, students may misunderstand the connotative meaning of the whole sentence and fail to communicate with people from different culture in real communication situation. Based on the relationship between culture and language teaching, the paper discusses the problems caused by ignoring the impacts of culture in English teaching and continues to present some practical methods of inputting cultural background knowledge in English teaching so as to foster students' communicative competence.
Full Text Available Abstract: This paper proposes the implementation of reading-based classroom activitiesÂ for teaching English as a foreign language in Indonesia. Compared to other language skills, reading is viewed to provide a relatively stable foundation for Indonesian students to develop their communicative competenceÂ in English. It is argued that reading-focused activities stimulate confidence for Indonesian learners to get involved in listening, speaking, and writing related-activities in ways that are similar to normal daily lifeÂ communication. The reasons for the proposed implementation of reading-based classroom activitiesÂ in TEFLINÂ and the role of reading and its relation with other language skills are presented.
As an English language teacher with years of teaching experience, I have gradually recognized this fact that foreign language instruction and its vocabulary learn/rig should be closely combined with learning the knowledge of cultural contents of target language. Unfortunately, only a small number of teachers realize that teaching culture is very
In the last thirty years,the traditional approach of English language teaching(ELT)is widely used in China. From then on,to improve communicative competence of Chinese students,communicative language teaching(CLT)was introduced into China in 1980s.To adapt CLT successfully into English education,numbers efforts have been given. However, although many efforts have been expanded,adapting CLT in Chinese context seems to need a long way to go.
Conseil des Colleges, Quebec (Quebec).
Developed to promote the consistency and quality of English instruction and to support the English-language colleges of Quebec in this direction, the report presents an overview of English instruction at the college level and presents recommendations to the Minister of Higher Education and Science (MHES) and the English-language colleges. Part I…
Canbay, Orkun; Beceren, Sedat
The aim of this study was to determine the university instructors' conceptions of teaching in ELT departments at two universities in Turkey. The data was collected through qualitative research techniques. The participants were four instructors working in two different institutions in Turkey with doctorate degree on the same major from the same…
Full Text Available It is known that English language coursebooks written by Turkish writers is widely used in Turkey although much research is needed to assess their quality as educational materials. In this research study, opinions of 7th grade students’ and teachers’ on Let’s Speak English 7 were studied through teacher and student questionnaires containing Likert-scale items, and an open-ended item for the teachers. Among 130 participants, 50 were English teachers 80 were seventh grade students studying at a primary level State school. SPSS 13.0 was used to compute frequencies and percentages along with T-tests and One-way ANOVAs to calculate the possible differences in attitudes between different groups, including class, sex, age, experience, and education. The results suggest that both teachers and the students have rather negative feelings about Let’s Speak English 7, the teachers having more negative feelings towards it. The disconcerting problems with Let’s Speak English 7 demonstrated that in order to minimize the negative effects of the coursebook, a series of support materials were needed.
Linguistics has the purpose of studying the language development and use. It helps teachers decide what to teach students and how to teach the language. As a result, English linguistics becomes an indispensable guide to both English learning and teaching.
In this article cognition of children with hearing/visual impairments are applied in foreign language teaching, especially elementary school English. Firstly, the most recent cognitive assessments and experiments are reviewed. Secondly, the English teaching materials provided by the Japanese ministry (MEXT) are examined, which can be improved, by making the best use of the cognitive characteristics of hearing/visual impaired children. Finally, the applicability of neuro-science, including unp...
Apthorp, Helen; Wang, Xin; Ryan, Susan; Cicchinelli, Louis F.
This report on professional teaching standards in the Central Region examines what K-8 general education teachers are expected to know and be able to do in order to teach English language learner students. It reviews the standards for coverage of six topics that the research literature suggests are important for improving student achievement. Key…
Pre-service teachers in Zimbabwe face a number of challenges on their Teaching Practice (TP) usually because a second language (English) is the language of education. Challenges and experiences articulated by pre-service student teachers on TP therefore provide a strategic window into the practices of novice teachers. This study uses a concurrent…
Freeman, Donald; Katz, Anne; Garcia Gomez, Pablo; Burns, Anne
The expansion of English teaching in state education systems places increasing demands on English language teachers and how they are trained. A major thrust of these efforts has focused on improving teachers' English language proficiency. This expectation is manifested in policy and pedagogical directives that teachers "teach English in…
Atechi, Samuel; Angwah, Julius
Teachers of English in Cameroon are proficient speakers of Cameroon English and their non-native status militates against their usage of Standard British English in the English language classrooms. This makes the attainment of British English thorny and perhaps impossible in Cameroon. Standing on that premise, we were motivated to find out…
Full Text Available This article deals with the demands for giving a professionalized approach to the English teaching-learning process for future teachers at the universities of pedagogical sciences of Cuba, specifically at “Jose Marti” University of Camagüey. The treatment to the professionalized learning approach has generally been related to technical courses in the technical professional teaching. This approach needs contextualizing in the different courses or disciplines of higher education with the purpose of achieving the goal demanded by society of graduated teachers from higher education at their working scenarios. The teacher of English is no exception to this demand. Key words: professional approach, professional competency, users, analyst, professor
Buxton, Cory A.; Allexsaht-Snider, Martha; Suriel, Regina; Kayumova, Shakhnoza; Choi, Youn-jeng; Bouton, Bobette; Baker, Melissa
Grounded in Hallidayan perspectives on academic language, we report on our development of an educative science assessment as one component of the language-rich inquiry science for English-language learners teacher professional learning project for middle school science teachers. The project emphasizes the role of content-area writing to support teachers in diagnosing their students' emergent understandings of science inquiry practices, science content knowledge, and the academic language of science, with a particular focus on the needs of English-language learners. In our current school policy context, writing for meaningful purposes has received decreased attention as teachers struggle to cover large numbers of discrete content standards. Additionally, high-stakes assessments presented in multiple-choice format have become the definitive measure of student science learning, further de-emphasizing the value of academic writing for developing and expressing understanding. To counter these trends, we examine the implementation of educative assessment materials—writing-rich assessments designed to support teachers' instructional decision making. We report on the qualities of our educative assessment that supported teachers in diagnosing their students' emergent understandings, and how teacher-researcher collaborative scoring sessions and interpretation of assessment results led to changes in teachers' instructional decision making to better support students in expressing their scientific understandings. We conclude with implications of this work for theory, research, and practice.
Zannou, Yetunde Mobola
In Texas, nearly half of all new teachers are alternatively certified (AC) whilst English language learners (ELL) are over one-third of the public school population in some districts. As this trend continues, the likelihood that AC teachers will teach ELLs increases and alters what Texas teachers must know upon entering the classroom. This research explores teacher knowledge and beliefs about teaching ELLs through constructivist and narrative lenses. Four AC science teachers in two diverse school districts participated in in-depth interviews and reflective interviews following classroom observations to answer the research questions: (1) how do AC teachers describe and interpret their acts of teaching ELLs in mainstream classrooms; and (2) how do AC teachers describe and interpret their learning to teach ELLs in mainstream classrooms. Data were transcribed and analyzed using thematic narrative methods. This study found that participants saw ELL instruction as: (1) "just good teaching" strategies, (2) consisting primarily of cultural awareness and consideration for student comfort, and (3) less necessary in science where all students must learn the language. The most experienced teacher was the only participant to reference specific linguistic knowledge in describing ELL instruction. Many of the teachers described their work with ELL students as giving them an opportunity to improve their lives, which was consistent with their overall teaching philosophy and reason for entering the profession. Participant narratives about learning to teach ELLs described personal experience and person-to-person discussions as primary resources of knowledge. District support was generally described as unhelpful or incomplete. Participants portrayed their AC program as helpful in preparing them to work with ELL students, but everyone desired more relevant information from the program and more grade-appropriate strategies from the district. Participant narratives reveal AC teachers
Classroom English teaching is a touch of art.Only when teachers focus on harmony in emotional dimension,cognitive dimension and developmental dimension during teaching processes,can high and long-term efficiency in English teaching be achieved,and persons who are suitable for social development and qualified for foreign language teaching in colleges and universities be nurtured and educated.Harmony in emotional dimension,cognitive dimension and developmental dimension in an English class help promote mutual respects,trust,under-standing and supports between teachers and students,as to remove meaning barriers,emotional barriers and de-meanor barriers.And they also contribute to establish student-center in a class to provide students vivid and fairly all-round development during their initiative learning processes which are based on practice.
Criado, Raquel; Sanchez, Aquilino
The goal of this paper is to verify up to what point ELT textbooks used in Spanish educational settings comply with the official regulations prescribed, which fully advocate the Communicative Language Teaching Method (CLT). For that purpose, seven representative coursebooks of different educational levels and modalities in Spain--secondary, upper…
Chang, Ming; Goswami, Jaya S.
Foreign language teaching in many Asian-Pacific countries in recent decades has shifted toward communicative-focused instruction. However, researchers have reported a gap between policy and practice. To incorporate teachers' voices in adopting the communicative approach in the curriculum, this study explores factors that promote or hinder EFL…
Full Text Available The increasing importance of English as an international language has resulted in the expansion of one particular aspect of English Language Teaching, namely the teaching of English for Specific Purposes. This relatively new aspect of English Language Teaching has its basis in an investigation of the purposes of the learners and the set of communicative needs arising from those purposes. These particular needs will guide teachers in designing different course materials, in choosing the kind of English to be taught, the topics and themes through which it will be taught, the skills and activities they will make use of. All these aspects could be perceived as a real challenge for both teachers and learners. Consequently, the aim of this study is to offer some immediately accessible guidelines into teaching English to students in Economics.
Full Text Available Meta communication plays a key role in foreign language learning and teaching. Broadly speaking, meta communication is communication about communication. Meta communication is something that goes beyond communication and all language learners and teachers should be familiar with its existence. It should be stressed that meta communication which accompanies any message is very powerful. In face to face writing lessons, the student can make emphasis on any point by utilizing larger fonts, capital letters, or bold fonts in his essay. However, in virtual learning environments, students can make use of emoticons like :- “happy”, :-( “sad”, :-/ “perplexed”, O.o “confused” to communicate about communication. Further, they can deploy some acronyms like (BTW= By the way, ASAP= as soon as possible, TM= tomorrow to easily convey their messages. It should be emphasized that E-learning applications (virtual worlds, second life, ICTs are very beneficial in foreign language learning and teaching since they create a platform for students and teachers to interact in a context with no boundaries of time and distance. In Transformational Generative Grammar, foreign language teachers describe syntactic structures in English by using grammatical symbols with meta communicational elements. For instance, every English Foreign Language-EFL or English Language Teaching-ELT teachers or students is familiar with the symbols and related meanings like (S= sentence, subject, V= verb, O= object, N= noun, NP= noun phrase, VP= verb phrase, etc.. On the other side, when teaching English pronunciation to Turkish EFL learners, foreign language teachers utilize phonetic symbols like /è, æ, å, ğ, w, ŋ/ to write transcriptions of English words. These phonetic symbols have meta communicational elements in their composition because they communicate about communication. At this juncture, foreign language teachers should learn frequently used emoticons, keyboard
Introduction English is becoming a worldwide langunge.In China,English as a foreign language has been paid more attention.The number of learners of English is growing rapidly these years.How to teach English well and how to teach it in order to meet the needs of learners are also the questions educationist and teachers often discuss.Communicative language teaching (CLT) which is created in Britain is very popular to be used to meet the needs of learners in China now.In this paper,I will illustrate the definition and approach of CLT and the extent we apply CLT to the class to meet the needs of learners of English in China and vocational college I am working at.The difficulties and challenges during the teaching and learning process will also be discussed.In the end,some suggestions about applying CLT will be offered.
The goal of language teaching is to enable students to communicate in target cultural context, so improving their cultural creativity becomes essential. Culture teaching in college English teaching serves not only to develop students’ linguistic ability, but also to increase their cultural creativity. College teaching must provide students with the opportunities to learn to know, learn to do and learn to interact.
El Abbar, Magda
The research discussed in this thesis is based upon a programme of study in a Libyan university, which focused on the use of the Internet in the classroom in order to enhance English language teaching and learning. In the last few decades, information and communication technology (ICT) has strongly influenced society as well as education as it has become a part of daily life, offering access to a world of knowledge. This thesis describes, through a single case study, how three teachers at the...
Dogancay-Aktuna, Seran, Ed.; Hardman, Joel, Ed.
Today's English language teaching goes beyond the norms of English spoken and taught in native-English-speaking countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, or Australia. Increasingly, a variety of countries have established, formally or informally, a kind of English unique to their own populations, and English language teachers within…
Short, Deborah J.; Fidelman, Carolyn G.; Louguit, Mohammed
This article describes a study examining the effects of Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) model instruction on the academic language performance of middle and high school English language learners. The SIOP model is an approach for teaching content curriculum to students learning through a new language. Teachers employ techniques…
As a means of communication, listening plays an important role in people's life. In a foreign language classroom, listening comprehension has never drawn the same attention of educators as it now does. So it is a vital importance to teach aural English more effectively. In view of present situation of aural English teaching and wrong ideas about…
Vocabulary is an ele mentary component of a language, which is essential to communication and plays an important role in language learning. Therefore, how to strengthen and improve the vocabulary teaching has become one of important fields in English teaching. To some degree, whether or not the vocabulary teaching is successful will have direct effect on the quality of English teaching. In retrospect, foreign language researchers and educators have probed into vocabulary teaching theoretically and practically on the second language acquisition, linguistics, psychology, pedagogy and have obtained great accomplishment. The present paper incorporates five parts: 1) introduction, 2) English vocabulary learning strategies, 3) English vocabulary teaching principles and strategies and 4) conclusion.
Full Text Available The scope of this chapter is to study the stimulation of phonological awareness of the English language, in Greek dyslexic young learners, who present a specific reading disability in both their mother tongue as well as in the foreign language. According to scientific research, phonological awareness, i.e. the knowledge of the phonological structure of a language by its user, is intrinsically related to the reading process. At the same time, it has been confirmed that dyslexic learners experience difficulty in segmenting and blending speech sounds, due to insufficiently developed phonological awareness. For this reason, a well-founded intervention programme is designed and put into action, aiming at studying the reading development of dyslexic young learners. The findings have revealed that phonological awareness can be stimulated, resulting in the development of reading accuracy.
British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.
This review of the status of English language instruction in Brazil provides an overview of the Brazilian geographic, historical, and political context and the role of English in the society in general and in the educational system. The following topics are covered: an outline of the status of English use and instruction in the educational system…
Purves, Alan C.
This paper discusses suggested requirements for a competency-based English teacher training program on the high school or college level. The author argues that an English teacher needs to demonstrate a basic knowledge of the subject matter in three areas: the structure and history of the English language, rhetorical theory and practice, and…
This thesis makes a preliminary probe into the present English classroom teaching in China.The problem of classroom management,accompanied by classroom teaching,has long existed in the teaching field,and has become increasingly complicated with the social development.This paper studies the problem from the aspects of theoretical foundations,the management in language classroom,suitable English teaching for Chinese students and so on.
Speaking and thinking are a set duel in the performance of oral language.The ability of English thinking is one of the essential elements,as pronunciation and grammar,influencing the flow of speech.In actual oral class practice,students should be trained to think in English before speaking in English,without which,the language monster Chinglish(the compounding of Chinese and English) is produced.In this essay,a new practical method of training English language thinking with the use of tongue twisters is discussed and analyzed so that students can have an improved way to practice their oral English.
Speaking and thinking are a set duel in the performance of oral language.The ability of English thinking is one of the essential elements,as pronunciation and grammar,influencing the flow of speech.In actual oral class practice,students should be trained to think in English before speaking in English,without which,the language monster Chinglish (the compounding of Chinese and English)is produced. In this essay,a new practical method of training English language thinking with the use of tongue twisters is discussed and analyzed so that students can have an improved way to practice their oral English.
Hernandez, Alberto; Melnick, Susan L.
This learning module is designed to provide the prospective teacher of English as second language with a contrastive overview of the syntactic structures of Spanish and English and to enable him to: (a) state the English language patterns that are difficult for a Puerto Rican Spanish-speaker, (b) explain the specific causes for indications of…
This is a comparative study of English language education in Japan and Singapore and the role English plays in both countries. English language education in Japan has not been very effective. Although the communicative approach to teaching English was introduced in the 1980s, schools still use the grammar-translation method and most Japanese do…
With the passage time, China has been playing a increasingly important role in world stage, so what a current college English classroom needs is not a mere mastery of English language, but an overall understanding of target culture. In order to at-tain this goal, analysis concerning the current situation of target cultural teaching in college English teaching classroom should be done, and suggestions about target cultural teaching in college English teaching classroom should be put forward. By doing so, students will not only improve their linguistic competence, but also will enhance their inter-cultural performance.
Full Text Available Metaphor can be a semi-technical vocabulary in ESP. In fact, it is abundant in all branches of science. Being a significant part of human conceptual system, it plays a basic role in the imaginative cognitive mechanism, which is common not only in daily activities but also in scientific inquiry. Although most ESP materials have been developed based on careful research and needs analysis on lexicon, metaphor has been ignored in the teaching of ESP. Lexically-based language teaching, however, underlines the importance of metaphor in ESP.
Communicative Language Teaching is considered as an efficient approach to second language acquisition,.This article tries to give a general introduction to CLT and its current situation in English teaching in China by pointing out the difficulties CLT faces in China as well as giving some suggestions for the perfection of CLT in Chinese language teaching context.
Farida Badri Ahmadi
Full Text Available The present study attempts to explore the impact of input-based and output-based pedagogical approaches on learning English phrasal verbs by upper-intermediate Iranian EFL learners. It also investigates whether there is any significant difference between Iranian male and female EFL learners regarding input-based and output-based language teaching. 73 upper-intermediate English learners participated in the study, 34 of whom were males and 39 of whom were females with an age range of 17 to 28 years old. They were divided into two intact homogeneous groups, one of which received input-based approach for teaching English phrasal verbs and the other one took advantage of output-based language teaching for the same phrasal verbs. A Test of Phrasal Verbs which is made by the researcher was used for both the pre- and post-test. Three descriptive analysis and independent-samples t-tests were used to analyze the data. Regarding the first research question, an independent-samples t-test analysis indicated that there was a significant difference between input-based and output-based instruction in teaching phrasal verbs. That is, output-based language teaching outperformed input-based language teaching and leads to better learning of the English phrasal verbs. The results of the second independent-samples t-test suggested that there was no significant difference between male and female Iranian EFL learners in output-based teaching of English phrasal verbs. The study also showed no significant difference between both genders in input-based teaching of English phrasal verbs. That is, input- and output-based instructions had no effect on genders in learning phrasal verbs.
Jordao, Clarissa Menezes
This text discusses the locus of English in globalisation discourses. Assuming that languages constitute discursive formations informing ways of knowing, discourses of English as a global language (EGL) are positioned in relation to teaching English as a foreign language in the "glocal" scene. We draw on post-colonial theories and critical…
This article uses the theory of negative transfer of mother language combined with English teaching practice to ex-plore the negative effects mother language has on English learn-ing and put forward teaching methods against it.%本文运用母语负迁移理论，结合英语教学实践，探究母语对英语学习的负面影响，并提出相应的教学对策。
Full Text Available Investigating the presence and presentation of speech acts in course books may be significant in an EFL (English as a Foreign Language environment since in most cases, students rely on them for pragmatic input. Though a large body of research has dealt with the speech acts, relatively little research has been conducted to examine the speech acts in English course books. To fill in this gap, this study aimed to investigate how complaints, apologies and suggestions were presented in EFL course books. To this end, a content analysis on 17 course books of different language proficiency levels (i.e. from beginner to advanced was conducted to find out (i whether the course books included the aforementioned speech acts (ii the range and frequencies of linguistic strategies used to perform these speech acts and (iii whether their frequency showed variation across all proficiency levels. The findings have clear implications for course book writers, publishers and language teachers. The findings are presented and implications are made. Keywords: speech acts, course books, EFL, proficiency level
Full Text Available The present paper aims at giving an overview of the particular features of teaching English to students in tourism, a field which has seen a considerable development over the recent period. The paper is divided into four parts: the first part offers an introduction to the importance of English in this field and an overall presentation of the target population; the second part focuses on the four categories of competences that teachers should develop during the foreign language class; the third part makes reference to the teaching materials to be used with a view to enhancing students’ language proficiency; the last part presents some possible challenges language teachers and their students have to cope with to successfully accomplish the learning objectives.
Aquilino Sánchez; Raquel Criado
The goal of this paper is to verify up to what point ELT textbooks used in Spanish educational settings comply with the official regulations prescribed, which fully advocate the Communicative Language Teaching Method (CLT). For that purpose, seven representative coursebooks of different educational levels and modalities in Spain – secondary, upper secondary, teenager and adult textbooks – were selected to be analysed. A full unit randomly selected from each coursebook was ...
Finland is widely recognized as one of the top countries to live in, with transparency and an excellent education system, which provides for top English proficiencies. The applied English translation case study that is examined in this paper focuses on Finnish into English legal translation teaching coupled with studying at the University of Helsinki. Scrutiny of the course structure, teaching materials and teaching methods was undertaken as part of the empirical research and the efficiency o...
The internationalization of universities puts pressure on all educational programs to use English as the language of instruction. Therefore research on the internationalization of universities in EFL countries should obviously include a strong (though far from exclusive) focus on the impact...... of English. This paper is an example of this, focusing specifically on teacher discourse in an English-language context at a Danish university. It is part of the preparation for a project investigating the relationship between linguistic performance and academic authority for university teachers teaching...... in investigating such issues. Obviously, Danish university teachers are not alone in facing the challenge of having to teach in English, and the project is therefore relevant to university teachers in all EFL countries.  Countries where English is a Foreign Language...
English teachers in China are aware that what kind of English teaching method should be employed to improve student's linguistic acquisition and that communicative competence becomes more and more important.In English teaching, teachers always make it possible for students to be more often in contacts with the English language, thus creating an atmosphere of learning English language.Help students to jump over the gap between only reading English loudly and speaking English fluantly.Here I will show the importance of the teachers' role in English teaching and their applies in oral English teaching.
Teaching English for Specific Purposes and General English is analysed in the article. The scientific approach of a scientist M. Rosenberg is presented. The experience of teaching English for Specific Purposesat VGTU is alsopresented. The ideas and teaching methods from the classes of general English can be transferred to the classes of English for Specific Purposes.
Full Text Available Teaching English for Specific Purposes and General English is analysed in the article. The scientific approach of a scientist M. Rosenberg is presented. The experience of teaching English for Specific Purposesat VGTU is alsopresented. The ideas and teaching methods from the classes of general English can be transferred to the classes of English for Specific Purposes.
Language is an important carrier of culture while culture is embodied by language.These two factors correlate with each other closely.The question"Should we teach culture Mong with English"is what we are focused on here.This essay attempts to define the notion of culture,to explore the relationship between language and culture,and to aim at leading to the conclusion that we should teach culture Mong with language in the EFL classroom.
Baumel, Simeon D.
Examines the attitudes of educators among four groups of Hebrew-speaking Israeli Haredim Jews towards teaching English at the elementary and the high school levels, examining issues of language policy, and gender and age differentiation. (VWL)
It is important for people to use body language in the communication with others because the communications between people are never depended on oral language. Body language can not only help people who use different language to have the basic communications but also transmit subtle emotions that can not be expressed by oral language. Body language can help students to learn easily and the teachers should use the body language correctly and create a harmonious and efficient English class.
Corpus linguistics has been widely applied in English teaching. Corpus linguistics has changed the way to teach English. The essay discusses two approaches in English teaching based on corpus, corpus-driven approach and corpus-based approach. It finds out that both corpus-driven approach and corpus-based approach facilitate English teaching in their own ways.
Full Text Available This study deals with the cultural dimensions of EIL, which are analysed based on the following domains: (a subjects’ attitudes toward teaching about specific cultures (native and non-native; and (b subjects’ attitudes toward teaching about culture in general. In essence, a view of culture based on native cultures can emerge from three different approaches: it may promote British culture only, it may focus on both the UK and the US, or it may incorporate other English native cultures. Likewise, a more international viewpoint can also be offered from three perspectives: it may refer to ESL contexts only, it may present both ESL and EFL communities – including the local culture – or it may introduce international aspects not specific to any culture. However, the analysis of data in this study indicates that the subjects’ attitudes toward teaching culture do not usually correspond to just one of these perspectives; rather, teachers display a manifold set of beliefs which may at times be closer or more distant to an international approach to teaching culture.
This paper aims to discuss the language anxiety in English learning from the following two aspects: the definition of anxiety and the effects of language anxiety. Meanwhile, it provides some pedagogical implications to college English teachers and learners.
This paper aims to discuss the language anxiety in English learning from the following two aspects： the definitionof anxiety and the effects of language anxiety. Meanwhile, it provides some pedagogical implications to college English teachers andlearners.
Learning a language is much more than learning its vocabulary and grammar rules, but also culture, and every culture in each nation has distinct characteristics that made it different from every other culture. This thesis begins with the relationship of language and culture, then analyses the present situation of culture-introduction in the English teaching, explains and points out its necessity and great significance, further puts forward some effective ways of culture-introduction in the English teaching.
This thesis concentrates on analyzing the impacts of pragmatics on English teaching by application of the theories of se-mantics and pragmatics. It attempts to probe into the profound relationship between pragmatics and grammar, pragmatics and se-mantics, pragmatics and cognition in order to find out the proper methods on language teaching.
The purpose of this Master s thesis is on one hand to find out how CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning) teachers and English teachers perceive English and its use in teaching, and on the other hand, what they consider important in subject teacher education in English that is being planned and piloted in STEP Project at the University of Helsinki Department of Teacher Education. One research question is also what kind of language requirements teachers think CLIL teachers should have...
Drawing upon the notion of hyperglobalism and critical perspectives on English as an international language, this study examines the ways in which English language teaching via volunteer tourism (i.e. English-language voluntourism) is represented and legitimated as an altruistic practice among organizational sponsors and in the talk of current and…
This paper tries to elaborate on the general influences of some basic linguistic theories on the teaching of English as a foreign language. Meanwhile, it further makes a systematic analysis of how language teachers can draw benefit from different branches of linguistics.
Language is closely connected to culture,which is a presentation of culture.College English teaching is not just the language teaching,the cultural introduction is also essential.The paper puts forward the concrete application of culture introduction in college English class through analyzing the importance of culture introduction.It is helpful to change students’lower cultural quality and poor communicative competence.It is conducive to have a clear understanding of English culture and improve students’English integrated applied abilities and communication skills.
K. M. Pererva
Full Text Available Purpose. This paper is a study of innovative methods of learning and teaching English with the help of Internet resources and students motivation to seek the necessary information at homework. Methodology. The main principle of the Web-Quest as a type of English language teaching is to motivate students. For example, by participation in the Web-Quest students, who were unsure of their knowledge, become more confident. Having clear goals and objectives, using computer skills, motivated young people more actively acts as a confident user of English. Findings. According to the technology of We-Quests students were asked to create one or more projects directly related to the successful execution of the work. It is a significant result of all the hard work of students, and it is the subject of evaluation. Evaluation is an essential component of Web-Quest or any other project, and from this point of view, the criteria should be clear and accessible to students from the very beginning. These instructions can and should be changed in order to differentiate and provide an oral presentation and written work. Originality. Basically, Web-Quests are mini-projects in which a higher percentage of the material obtained from the Internet. They can be created by teachers or students, depending on the type of training work. The author detailed the increase of possibilities in the search of Internet projects with other creative types of student work. They may include: review of the literature, essay writing, discussion of read works and other. Practical value. The paper confirmed that the roles and tasks, reflecting the real world, invites to cooperate, stimulate and train the thinking process at a higher level. That is why the use of Web-Quests can improve the language skills of the educational process (reading for information extraction, detailed reading, negotiations, oral and written communication, and other.
Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to verify up to what point ELT textbooks used in Spanish educational settings comply with the official regulations prescribed, which fully advocate the Communicative Language Teaching Method (CLT. For that purpose, seven representative coursebooks of different educational levels and modalities in Spain – secondary, upper secondary, teenager and adult textbooks – were selected to be analysed. A full unit randomly selected from each coursebook was examined through the parameters of the communicative potential of the activities – measured on a scale from 0 to 10 – and the communicative nature of the methodological strategies implemented – measured on a dichotomous scale (yes/no. Global results per educational levels point to the prevailing communicative nature of all the materials, which was shown to be above 50%. The remaining non-communicative block was covered by activities focused on the formal features of language (grammar and vocabulary. This resulting degree of dissociation between official regulations and what is really found in teaching materials may be positive, since the learning of languages is complex and results from the intervention of multiple factors and learning styles, as is evidenced by the professional experience of teachers from different backgrounds and beliefs.
Full Text Available The purpose of the current study is to explore the effects of pre-service teachers’ language learning beliefs on their practice teaching. Two randomly chosen pre-service teachers were recruited in the study (one male, one female. This research mainly adopted a qualitative approach using a structured interview, philosophy statements, field-notes during observations and the reflective journals of the participants. To explore their language learning beliefs and to determine the categories participants’ interview transcriptions were open coded. Five main categories of language learning beliefs were identified in the end of the analysis; (1 ideal English learner, (2 ideal English teacher, (3 ideal English classroom, (4 difficulties in language learning process, (5 strategies of learners to overcome difficulties. The findings of the observation checklist and reflection papers written by the participants revealed some significant effects of the language learning beliefs of pre-service teachers on their practice teaching. Briefly, the results of the study revealed that both participants’ teachings were greatly affected by their foreign language learning beliefs. However, it was also seen that some external factors created some divergences between the beliefs and practice teaching.
Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the student satisfaction with the Online English Language courses piloted for the first time at a Vocational College in a remote town located in the north-west of Turkey in 2014-2015 educational year. These courses were designed with a format of face-to-face testing and online delivery of course materials. Data were collected from students both quantitatively and qualitatively using a survey which included seven likert scale attitude questions and two open-ended questions where they had to express their opinions about either face-to-face or online courses of which they thought was more advantageous and relevant for them. Twenty three female and a hundred and eighty four male students attending ten different departments, aged mostly eighteen and nineteen years participated in our study. Quantitative data from the students indicate that while 52% of the whole participants thought that online teaching of English as a foreign language was not useful for them at all, just 6% of the students declared that the online teaching system was very useful. To the question whether they preferred online or face-to-face learning, quite surprisingly, 82% of the participants declared that they preferred face-to-face learning. As to why they preferred the particular kind of teaching; the online course proponents cited mostly “comfortness” and “no-attendance obligation”; on the other hand, the face-to-face advocates mostly cited “effectiveness of learning from a live instructor” and “possibility of asking questions when something is not clear” and “lacking of technical equipment “or “internet access”.
体态语是一种无声的语言，它在英语课堂上有着不可替代的作用。本文将从体态语与英语教学的关系方面入手阐述体态语在英语教学中的促进作用。%Body language is a silent language and it plays an irreplaceable role in English teaching. Starting off from the relationship between body language and English teaching, this paper expounds uses of body language in English teaching.
Full Text Available Literature has gained an increasingly important place in language learning. Particularly in the EFL context, it has been regarded as beneficial for the improvement of English skills. However, there is not much attention given to the teaching of English literature for the sake of literature, not merely as a tool or technique in language learning, especially in Indonesia. The research therefore aims to investigate the teaching of English literature to EFL students in Indonesian universities. More specifically, it attempts to find how English literature lecturers select literary texts, what problems encountered by lecturers in teaching English literature to EFL students, and how they cope with the problems. A case study to three lecturers teaching three different literature courses in a state university in Indonesia was conducted. The findings show that: First, lengths, levels of language difficulty, canonical status, and the cultural background of the author become the main consideration for selecting the literary texts to teach; Second, the problems encountered are of threefold, namely reading habit, English proficiency, and resources; and Third, some of the strategies to cope with the problems consist of individual reading assignment, reading group, and taking the most advantage of the internet for teaching resources. This research has demonstrated that there are many areas for further studies in the teaching of English literature to EFL students in Indonesia, finding effective teaching models is one of them.
Spoken English is one of the most practical skill that students need to obtain.However there exist many problems in Spoken English Teaching in China ,one of the most serious problem is that it lacks sufficient practice.According to the interaction hypothesis (Long, Gass), second language acquisition occurs when learners interact in conversation with native speakers and/or each other.Based on this hypothesis,the author presents some new insights for improving Spoken English Teaching and discusses its enlightenment in Spoken English Teaching Classroom.
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to outline approaches to a course entitled Introduction to Literature, which is frequently available to second-year undergraduates in Polish teacher training colleges and other institutes of higher education. While preparing students for subsequent courses in British and American literature and helping them towards mature responses to literary texts, the course aims to raise student teachers' awareness of the potential of literature in the learning/teaching situation and to provide them with examples of the integration of curricular areas. In addition, given that literature is an intrinsically interesting source of authentic language, it is intended that instruction should increase students' sensitivity to language and expand their vocabulary, thus promoting the development of the four skills.
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to outline approaches to a course entitled Introduction to Literature, which is frequently available to second-year undergraduates in Polish teacher training colleges and other institutes of higher education. While preparing students for subsequent courses in British and American literature and helping them towards mature responses to literary texts, the course aims to raise student teachers' awareness of the potential of literature in the learning/teaching situation and to provide them with examples of the integration of curricular areas. In addition, given that literature is an intrinsically interesting source of authentic language, it is intended that instruction should increase students' sensitivity to language and expand their vocabulary, thus promoting the development of the four skills.
This paper aims at emphasizing the use of literature as a popular technique for teaching both basic language skills (i.e. reading, writing, listening and speaking) and language areas (i.e. vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation) in our times. Reasons for using literary texts in foreign language classroom and main criteria for selecting suitable literary texts in foreign language classes are stressed so as to make the reader familiar with the underlying reasons and criteria for language teacher...
Medina T., Rene
This paper discusses the use of the teaching unit as a means for organization in English-as-a-foreign-language classes. It lists the essential elements in the construction of such a unit: cultural topic, linguistic elements, time period, main objectives, instructional materials, focus, specific activities, intended results, evaluation techniques,…
Gao, Xuesong; Xu, Hao
This article reports on an inquiry into a group of English language teachers' professional experiences that interpreted their motivation to teach and their shifting professional commitment with reference to representations and visions that they had and did not have about themselves in rural secondary schools in China's hinterland…
Teaching English to ESL teachers is a challenging task for a number of reasons, the lack of connection between the target language and the native one being one of the most challenging factors (Ferlazzo & Sypnieski, 2013). Therefore, teachers are supposed to be innovators in creating the tools that could boost the learning process, as well as…
Al-Dera, Abdullah Saad
Despite many ELT experts' opinions that while teaching a foreign language one should not use the mother tongue in the classroom, new researches show that sparing use of the mother tongue can be effective for the L2 learners. It is true that the 6- year compulsory English education of the school graduates of Saudi Arabia is not quite up to the…
Bisgaard Isaksen, Vibe; Just, Mareike; Ulbrich, Kristina; Mejdahl Bacher, Pia
Abstract The increasing use of English as a world language and its impact on the social, cultural and political life leads to a stronger focus on the English language used as lingua franca. This research looks at the potential benefits and barriers of implementing an English as a lingua franca (ELF) perspective in the English teaching practice in Danish Gymnasium. The purpose of this report is to investigate how far the perspective of ELF could become part of the English teaching practice ...
Grammar provides the overall patterns, and vocabulary is the material to put in the patterns. Without grammar we can convey a little, but without vocabulary we can convey nothing. Vocabulary teaching is an indispensable part of English curriculum. Art is a kind of creation. Teaching vocabulary artistically can make teachers and students build up created consciousness in teaching and learning vocabulary activities and teachers put their experience and emotions towards beauty into teaching activities to raise general vocabulary teaching activities to appreciation of beauty and creative activities, convert bitter into happy, tense into ease. Thus the non-intellectual factors like motive, interest, emotion, self-confidence and so on can be developed naturally and they will elaborate a great part in English vocabulary teaching. At the same time, the relationship between teachers and students can get improved fundamentally furthest and it pushes vocabulary teaching powerfully in turn.
Nowadays, whichever position the individuals work in, they feel the need to learn a foreign language even a second foreign language. In parallel with the need for a foreign language, the importance of the foreign language teaching increases. In language teaching, conditions such as the facilities of the environment, learner's features, the social…
With globalization,Business English(BE)has developed fast in China.As Communicative Language Teaching(CLT)has been popular in language teaching,many scholars have engaged in the integration of CLT into Business English Teaching(BET).This paper tries to evaluate its implementation and aims to promote the BET through finding the success and limitations through evaluation.
According to the behaviorism learning theory,the language learning is a process of habitual acquisition and practice. Based on the characteristics of college English teaching mode under the multimedia Internet condition,this article explores the practical guiding function of behaviorism learning theory to college English teaching,so as to realize the goal of college English teaching.
Sarigöz, Iskender Hakki
The grammar microteachings carried out by trainees in teacher education is a critical issue due to the fact that the teaching of grammar has always been a controversial issue throughout the foreign language teaching (FLT) acculturation. There is always some negative reaction to isolated teaching of grammar in communicative language teaching…
Authority in Language explores the perennially topical and controversial notion of correct and incorrect language.James and Lesley Milroy cover the long-running debate over the teaching of Standard English in Britain and compare the language ideologies in Britain and the USA, involving a discussion of the English-Only movement and the Ebonics controversy. They consider the historical process of standardisation and its social consequences, in particular discrimination against low-status and ethnic minority groups on the basis of their language traits.
Teaching English communicatively has been the essential goal of our education. In the long process of ELT (English Language Teaching) in China, various teaching methodologies have been introduced and numerous kinds of teaching approaches, es-pecially Communicative Approach, have contributed much to the development of ELT in our country. Using CLT (Communicative Language Teaching) is one of language methods that offer a? new view and strategy in language teaching. In teaching and learning process, the emphasis is on? how students must he able to communicate and? express messages orally well.%互动式的英语教学巴经成为我们教学的根本目标.各种各样的教学方法论和各种不同的教学方法被引进到我们中国长期的英语教学过程当中,尤其是交际法对我国英语语言教学的发展发挥了重要的作用.互动武语言教学作为其中的一种方法给我们语音教学提供了全新的理念和策略.在教与学的过程中,我们把重心放在如何让学生以口语更好地进行沟通和表达.
English Language Teaching is very important because of the global status of English. English Language Teaching is a process that requires great efforts on the part of all the participants. Textbooks are the most important elements of teaching process for the aims and objectives of a course. In view of the importance of English as a foreign language in Andhra Pradesh, the researcher has examined the existing textbooks and system of teaching English in order to point out the shortcomings which ...
Euphemism,as a linguistic form generated to seek ideal and effective communication, is widely and vividly used in people's daily life, and has become an indispensable part in English language. So it has intrigued linguists and scholars for long time. The researches about this subject cover many different fields, including linguistics, pragmatics, and psychology and so on. However, the researches on its pragmatic application in teachers' language are few. Based on the previous scholars' achievements, its application on teacher's language from the perspective of pragmatic function would be explored in this paper. Nowadays, student-centered teaching is advocated to improve teaching. Applying euphemisms on teaching is a typical embodiment. Teacher's applying euphemisms can shake off the fright of students in public, protect their self-esteem and stimulate their interest in study. When it is applied to teaching languages appropriately, relaxing and lively atmosphere built in class, students' confidence elevated, their initiative enhanced, good teaching results can be attained.
As we know that mastery of vocabulary is an essential component of foreign language acquisition, and learners cannot learn a language without vocabulary. Based on the vocabulary leaning problems of Non-English majors, this article makes analysis of the main factors for the problems and tries to provide some vocabulary teaching strategies to solve the problems.
In recent years, Asian countries including South Korea have been trying to redefine the role of English in response to globalisation. The impact of this on English language teaching and on Korean society more generally has been well documented; however, the impact of this change on individual teachers and their teaching calls for further…
Wang Ya-rong; Ma Ya-li
In traditional language classroom, learners are taught mainly about language and its rules.They learn facts about language, rather than how to use it communicatively and how to cooperate with others.To help learners put language into active use, it’s recognized communicative language teaching is needed in language learning and teaching.
Wang; Ya-rong; Ma; Ya-li
In traditional language classroom,learners are taught mainly about language and its rules.They learn facts about language,rather than how to use it communicatively and how to cooperate with others.To help learners put language into active use,it’s recognized communicative language teaching is needed in language learning and teaching.
English teaching and learning in China are more inclined to focus on correcting linguistic errors rather than analyzing thought patterns. However, thought patterns play an important role in many aspects of English teaching. This paper discusses the relationship between thought patterns and languages, and provides some suggestion for English teaching regarding thought patterns.
In teaching business communication, instructors usually can take for granted that English is the language of business communication in a globalised world. Even in a multicultural and multilinguistic country such as Malaysia, the assumption that English is the language to use is shared by those who manage programs, those who teach, and students.…
"English-language voluntourism" is a practice whereby people from the Global North teach English in the Global South as an alternative form of travel and means of development assistance. As part of a larger, multisited ethnography, I investigate how in-service and former English-language voluntourism program participants frame short-term…
This article from the Voice of Ambiguity,Lexical Ambiguity and Ambiguity in the three aspects of the grammatical structure of English and Chinese languages are compared ambiguity And analysis.Ambiguity in English and Chinese language through the comparison,resulted in two languages to explore the reasons for ambiguity;analysis of the characteristics of English language ambiguities;Research Should not be some ambiguity on how to avoid the emergence of the phenomenon.
If teachers are to successfully develop their students' English language skills it is vital that they overcome any existing lack of confidence and training in grammar and language concepts. Language Knowledge for Secondary Teachers is an accessible book aiming to equip secondary teachers with the knowledge they need to teach language effectively. It clearly explains the essential concepts for language study, introduces the terminology needed for 'talking about language' and shows how this knowledge can be applied to the skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening. This
@@ Foreigners teaching English in China routinely find themselves in odd situations. One of the oddest, at least for the newcomer, is" being thrust into a room packed ceiling-to-floor with every major under the sun, except English, and being expected to make said group conversant in the missing language.
ROBERT; T.; TUOHEY
Foreigners teaching English in China routinely find themselves in odd situa-tions. One of the oddest, at least for the newcomer, is being thrust into a room packed ceiling-to-floor with every major under the sun, except English, and being expected to make said group conversant in the missing language. Even at a glance, this setup is screwy for
Acquiring the grammar system is vital in the foreign language learning, and there has always been the debate on how learners can best acquire the English grammar. Inthis paper, two methods for teaching grammar will be presented--traditional practice and consciousness-raising. Both thetwo methods have their ad-vantages and disadvantages. But in practice, it is a better idea to combine different methods to make grammar teaching more effective. In addition, the consideration of different individual learners is also very important.
<正>With more and more people who are jumping into the line of learning the second language (especially English),and also due to the limited resources in language teaching,many foreign language teachers are nowadays confronting the large classes when teaching.So how to teach foreign language effectively in large classes has become an issue as well as a special field to make researches in.
Educators always have two differing arguments over the functions of native language in the foreign language teaching. Many educational practitioners oppose the idea of using native language in second language teaching process due to the grammar translation approach still popular. The grammar translation approach underscore that native language and functional grammar should not be applied to the foreign language teaching. By utilizing different types of second language teaching theories, the author put great emphasis on the function of the native language in the second language teaching particularly on the function to the basic and intermediate level learners. The author contend that: we should exert the necessary function of the native language in foreign language teaching especially for the adult people. Native language should act as a catalyst in this process. Foreign language teachers should not refuse using native language. They should make the best use of native language in the TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) process and thus help student to form English thoughts. Nowadays, facing so many foreign language teaching methods and theories, we should seek the essence and get rid of the dross. As the famous English saying goes: keep the baby and throw out the bath.This article aims at arousing deeper and wider discussion among foreign language practitioners on this problem by making some positive and valuable functions of native language in second language teaching.
In most universities in China, pronunciation has long been overlooked in college English teaching. With the reform of college English teaching, great attention has been paid to the cultivation of the students' listening and speaking skills, that is, Eng⁃lish teaching has moved to language functions and communicative competencies, a new urgency for the teaching of pronuncia⁃tion has arisen. This paper covers the four areas of pronunciation: sounds, stress, rhythm, and intonation, with the expectation that it will provide readers with comprehensive insight into ways of teaching pronunciation.
全球化局势下，国际交流日益频繁，作为国际共用语言——英语的地位也显得尤为重要。英语作为一种语言，在学习与教学过程中应该十分注重策略性问题。然而，在实际中，很多学生与老师在这方面仍然存在着欠缺。因此，为了有效地发挥英语学习的效率，提高教学质量，应该在英语学习与教学过程中融入语言学习的策略。本文试图分析英语学习与教学的现状，探索在英语学习与教学过程中如何有效地运用语言学习策略问题。%Under the situation of globalization, international communication becomes increasingly frequent. As an international common language—English is particularly important. English as a language, in the process of learning and teaching,should pay at⁃tention to the strategic problem. In practice, however, many students and teachers still have problem in this aspect. Therefore, in or⁃der to enhance the efficiency of English learning and improve the quality of teaching, the process of English learning and teaching should be involved in language learning strategies. This article attempts to analyze the current situation of English learning and teaching, so as to explore how to effectively use language learning strategies in the process of English learning and teaching.
English is used more than any other languages, so all of us should get a good command of it in order to be more competitive in this society. There're many ways to master this language, but through reading English language newspaper, with which we have so much contact everyday, is obviously more convenient and interesting. English language newspaper contain several parts, the features of each of them will be analyzed in this thesis together with a specific piece of news. Furthermore, some effective methods of reading and understanding English language news will be proposed.
Aslı Lidice Göktürk Sağlam
Full Text Available Technology is changing paradigms in education rapidly and teachers are caught unguarded due to lack of professional training in this aspect. This study reflects the perceptions of nine ELT instructors with M.A TEFL degrees and with over six years of professional experience. Despite the lack of formal professional training as part of their pre-service teacher education, these instructors need to cope with the demands of this transition in daily implementation. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, open-ended questionnaires and field notes. An inductive analysis approach was used to analyze the data and emergent patterns of data were used to develop coding categories. Results indicated that respondents held positive views about the role of educational technology for enriching language instruction. However, they also acknowledged the challenges faced and emphasised the need for ICT training not only for teachers but also for students. It is concluded that participants make use of technology to teach academic and linguistic skills in an integrated skills approach, encourage students to construct knowledge, expose students to life-long learning skills and strategies, cater for different students who have different learning styles, find and create teaching materials, develop skills through exposure to existing on-line sources and create a motivating environment that is conducive for learning.
Santau, Alexandra O.; Secada, Walter; Maerten-Rivera, Jaime; Cone, Neporcha; Lee, Okhee
The study examined US elementary teachers' knowledge and practices in four key domains of science instruction with English language learning (ELL) students. The four domains included: (1) teachers' knowledge of science content, (2) teaching practices to promote scientific understanding, (3) teaching practices to promote scientific inquiry, and (4) teaching practices to support English language development during science instruction. The study was part of a larger five-year research and development intervention aimed at promoting science and literacy achievement of ELL students in urban elementary schools. It involved 32 third grade, 21 fourth grade, and 17 fifth grade teachers participating in the first-year implementation of the intervention. Based on teachers' questionnaire responses and classroom observation ratings, results indicated that (1) teachers' knowledge and practices were within the bounds of acceptability but short of reform-oriented practices and (2) grade-level differences existed, especially between Grades 3 and 5.
This article uncovers underlying weaknesses of College English Language Teaching in terms of cultural permeation through analyzing the intertwined relationship between language and culture.It highlights the significance and necessity of introducing cultural features in College English Language Teaching.Meanwhile,the writer illustrates and suggests on how to enrich cultural background by employing personal experiences in practice and summarizes relative rules on introducing cultural features.%从语言与文化的关系出发,揭示了缺乏文化渗透的英语教学潜在的严重弊端,强调了大学英语语言教学中文化导入的重要性和必要性.并结合教学实践,进一步探讨了大学英语教学中文化导入的原则.
An Investigation of the Communicative Approach Teaching in Primary English Textbooks in Hong Kong and Malaysia: A Search into Communicative Language Teaching (CLT Textbooks, And How CLT is Applied in Textbooks
Full Text Available In the present research, it will be shown how grammar activities in textbooks still retain the structural method of teaching grammar. The results found by previous scholars’ research will be covered, and illustrated by excerpts of textbooks, including comparison of Hong Kong and Malaysian textbooks. Communicative Language Teaching (CLT materialized in the West in the 1960s, and has extended to the Eastern countries over the last 20 years (Chung, 2005: 33. Since the introduction of CLT, many English textbooks have been published to incorporate communicative activities, authentic material and personalized contexts, however, most of the learning and teaching of grammar in textbooks do not fully reflect CLT principles (ibid.. The paper is written to show concerns over textbook designing issues and hence provide recommendations in changing the design of the modern English language textbooks. In the end of the paper, this research will suggest methods of designing more communicative grammar activities in English language textbooks for future textbook designers having guidelines in compiling the CLT English language textbooks. Besides, some approaches of communicative teaching with the CLT textbooks will be recommended to the pre- and in-service English language teachers in order to lead them to the current trend of CLT.
肢体语言是通过人们的体态动作来表达的无声语言。在英语教学中,恰当运用肢体语言,能有效沟通师生情感,活跃课堂气氛,提高教学效果。%Body language is a kind of subvocal speech expressed by people’s posture movement.In English teaching,a proper application of body languages will be effective in emotional communication between teachers and students,activating classroom atmosphere,and improving teaching effect.
Teacher's words are not only a tool in teaching, but also an important resource of the language input for student at the same time.So it plays a very important role in the whole process of the teaching organization.The quantity and quality of teacher's words would directly affect the course.Moreover, motivation can usually bring much advantage to teaching.This thesis introduces the application of motivation in English teaching.
Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh
Full Text Available Proficiency in English language skills among graduates that create advantages for the organization is preferred by prospective employers as one of the main criteria for employability. This article provides an overview of undergraduates in higher education and also workplace literacy from the perspective of the employers in the manufacturing industry. The result from the research demonstrates that Malaysian manufacturing industry employers perceive that the graduate employees’ English language proficiency skills are still below their expectations. Therefore, this study recommends that there is a need for intervention into language teaching to improve the English language syllabus level of English proficiency at primary, secondary and tertiary level. At the same time, emphasis on the importance of English in everyday use should be inculcated without neglecting the national language of Malaysia. This will ensure that the teaching of English will be in line with globalization and current workplace demands.Keywords: English language skills proficiency, manufacturing industry employers, graduates
English Language teaching involves various English teaching techniques in terms of listening, speaking, reading, writ-ing and the like skills. Traditional teaching ways are mostly discussed from that standpoint. Here, some new English classroom teaching techniques are introduced and evaluated in a dimensional perspective, which relate to such elements as the students, the teacher, classroom organization and management, and instructional strategies, etc. It makes English classroom teaching more effec-tive, thus improve English classroom teaching results. So, it’s advisable for English teachers to reconsider and reevaluate their teaching strategy and result in language classroom from a new multi-dimensional angle in order to improve English teaching effi-ciency.
Child, Gregory S.
This portfolio is a compilation of beliefs about effective foreign language (FL) teaching. The core of this portfolio is a teaching philosophy, in which theories, such as comprehensible input, teacher and student roles, and activities are explained. The teaching philosophy is accompanied by a reflection of the authors teaching observed from a video. Following the teaching philosophy and personal teaching reflection are three artifacts centered on language, culture, and literacy. The language ...
Metaphor is a figure of speech in tradition view. In modern linguistics, conceptual metaphor can be seen as a way of thinking. Thus, conceptual metaphor is common used in English from accent time until today. It is the basis of human being ’s cognition, thinking ways, language application and behavior. It is such an important part of English that the application of concep-tual metaphor is quite essential in English teaching in China. This thesis mainly focuses on the application of conceptual metaphor in English teaching on the basis of detailed introduction of conceptual metaphor theories and people ’s way of sentence compre-hension.
英语阅读在学生学习英语的过程中占有比较重要的地位，而笔者在传统的中学英语阅读教学过程中，发现很多学生在英语阅读方面遇到了困难。通过在中学英语阅读教学中运用整体教学法，能够有效地使中学生的英语阅读水平得到提高，使中学英语阅读教学得到完善。%English reading in middle school plays an important role in students' English learning. During the course of English Reading Teaching with traditional approach in middle school, we find many students have difficulty in reading English. Through teaching English reading based on whole language approach in middle school, students can efficiently improve English reading and the teaching of English reading in middle school are properly improved.
This article talks about the relation between intercultural communication and English teaching,the importance of cultivating the knowledge of intercultural communication while teaching English,and some methods to let students develop the consciousness of intercultural communication.
This paper analyses the reasons why students are easily to feel dull in English class and provides four effec-tive methods to solve it, which therefore improves the teaching and learning efficiency of English language study.
English, as a tool of communication, plays a more and more important role in our daily life. Based on Willis' task- based language model, the article presents and discusses the application of TBA to English teaching.
In non-native English speaking countries, the big problem to English learners is that it is difficult for them to under-stand what the English speaker is talking about because many English learners have trouble in listening. Though they are English learners, they still have difficulty in listening to the foreigners from English speaking countries and other nonnative English speak-ers. Therefore, listening teaching becomes the vital task of both English teachers and English learners. English educators are ex-pected to search an efficient way to help English learners improve their listening. Modern teaching equipments, such as film and video and other teaching facilities play an indispensable role in English listening teaching.
Kim, Eun Gyong
This study examines the English language teaching (ELT) policies and measures taken under the United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK) from 1945 to 1948, in an attempt to illuminate their implications on the current ELT in Korea. The study analyzes data derived from documents of the Korean and the U.S. governments, literature on…
The new curriculum lays emphasis on the cultivation of students" cultural awareness in the College English teaching. Language and culture are closely related to each other. Language is a part of culture and is shaped by culture; language teaching and culture teaching are inseparable.
Full Text Available This article analyzes the professional development of two English language teachers in a Mexican language center. In particular, it explores the interplay between professional development, identity and agency, and the part played by English language teaching certificates in all of these. Drawing on a case study methodology, which included the use of a series of three interviews and other qualitative data collection methods, the article demonstrates the intimate and intricate connection between teachers’ identities and their professional development. Education implications for policy makers and practitioners are discussed.
vocabulary is one of the most important elements of the language. It is closely related with context and pragmatic. This paper intends to find out some effective method of vocabulary teaching under the pragmatic principles, exploring how to improve pragmatic competence of students in English vocabulary teaching.
We can see how metaphors exist in everyday language, even if we may not always notice. Metaphor plays an important role in vocabulary teaching. In accordance with the analysis of the fundamental theories proposed by Lakoff&Johnson (1980), this thesis provides some suggestions which help English teachers improve vocabulary teaching strategies.
In 1999 a critical thinking syllabus was issued by the education authorities to all junior secondary school English language teachers in Hong Kong. Different from the earlier curriculum guidelines, the syllabus highlights the importance of student thinking and of developing students’ critical thinking through the subject. The requirement was then reiterated in the English Language curriculum for junior secondary education in 2002 and for the new senior secondary curriculum ...