In this article, the characteristics and functions of body language are expounded, emphasizing that the proper use of body language in English teaching, including facial expression, guestures and body distance. They can enrich the content of English teaching, diversify teaching method and add vividness to the teaching to achieve better results .
Critical Language Awareness (CLA) is an approach to language teaching based on a critical sociocultural theory of language and critical discourse analysis. CLA has a great relationship with English language teaching, but there are few articles talking about it. So the author here will present her understanding of the relationship between CLA and English language.
@@ 1.Introduction In English language teaching,language transfer has been a controversial topic and more linguistic researchers have a better and more comprehensive understanding of it.Transfer means the influence resulting from the similarities and differences between the English language and mother tongue which has been previously acquired.
British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.
This profile in outline form of the English language teaching situation in Uruguay discusses the role of English within Uruguayan society and within the educational system. Though English is quite widely used for reading scientific, technical and medical publications, and while it is considered important culturally in higher professions, it is not…
Selvi, A. F.; Yazan, B.
English has unquestionably become a global phenomenon, generating a fundamental discussion of EIL pedagogy for English language teaching practitioners around the world. Teaching English as an International Language captures this important moment in the history of English language teaching. Readers will find an accessible introduction to the past,…
Wu Qixuan; Zhao Shuncai
Language is closely related to culture. Language expresses and embodies cultural reality, in the meantime, culture exerts enormous influences on language. Therefore, language learning is often culture learning. The author, based on the negligence of culture teaching in English language classes, illustrates the influences of cultural knowledge on reading, translating and intercultural communicating, and proposes suggestions on culture teaching in English language teaching (ELT).
This study discusses English as an international language and English teaching in China. Concerning this subject, the paper elaborates the following seven aspects:the concept and features of English as an international language, emergence of new varieties of Englishes, emergence of new varieties of Englishes, the impact of economic globalization on the scope of the English language, the controversy of English standardization and localization, English localization in China and the revelation of English globalization to English teaching.
This article centers on one of the widely discussed teaching approaches: Communicative Language Teaching (CLT).Language is a means of communication. Undoubtedly, foreign language teaching is to cultivate students' communicative competence of using a foreign language. China, as the country with the largest population learning English in the world, is extensively involved in ommunicative language teaching. Communicative approach in English language teaching is frequently discussed and debated.
This paper highlights the impact of gender differences in English Language Teaching. It explores students' learning styles as affected by the notions about men and women differences in communication. The data collected in 2008 from 20 males and 20 females' English students of the State University of Makassar. It is to reveal their attitudes…
Vásquez, Anete; Smith, Philip C
This thoroughly revised and updated edition of Teaching Language Arts to English Language Learners provides readers with the comprehensive understanding of both the challenges that face ELLs and ways in which educators might address them in the language arts classroom. The authors offer proven techniques that teachers can readily use to teach reading, writing, grammar, and vocabulary as well as speaking, listening, and viewing skills. A complete section is also devoted to ways teachers can integrate all five strands of the language arts curriculum into a comprehensive unit of study w
Zhang, Xue-wei; Yan, Ying-jun
It's obvious that the teaching situation and teaching methods used in English Language Teaching (ELT) in China need to be changed to involve culture instead of language knowledge only. To further explain the importance of culture teaching, teachers need to know to what extent cultural background knowledge influences language learning and teaching,…
Daskalovska, Nina; Ivanovska, Biljana
This handbook for English language students presents the major teaching methods and approaches that have been used in English language teaching and learning. It is divided into two parts. Part I gives an overview of first and second/foreign language acquisition theories, such as the behaviourist, the innatist, the cognitive, the interactionist and the creative-construction theory. Part II describes the English language teaching methods and approaches that have been popular at different times ...
@@ 1. Introduction English now is said to be an intemational language or a global language. When we say this, do we really understand what it means?This is an important question we have to ask ourselves in Japan now when the nation' s 24,000 public primary schools are preparing to introduce English language teaching (ELT) to their third grade pupils in 2002 (For information, see Honna and Takeshita 1998, 2000 ).Actually, it seems extremely difficult to comprehend various sorts of logical deductions stemming from the current state of the English language.
In the field of English language teaching, there has been increasing interest in the way literacy development is influenced by institutional and community practices, and the way power is implicated in language learners' engagement with text. In this paper, I trace the trajectory of my research on identity, literacy, and English language teaching,…
In the field of English-language teaching, there has been increasing interest in how literacy development is influenced by institutional and community practice and how power is implicated in language-learners' engagement with text. In this article, I trace the trajectory of my research on identity, literacy, and English-language teaching informed…
Improvisation or transfer is the core of a course,based on the communicative approach. That is,the students are required to transfer what they learned in the textbook to real-life situation as far as possible. And in the present-day textbook of Middle School, the courses are organized in authentic everyday situations in which students can easily identify. So in the process of English teaching,it is very important for the teachers to set the language contexts correctly and flexibly.
This document contains ideas for teaching English as a second language to young children from varied language backgrounds. Several visual aids are discussed: the object box, pictorial games, the felt board and experience chart, action games, and instructional pictures. (VM)
ABSTRACT The diploma thesis ``Lesson planning in English language teaching`` explores the aspects of lesson planning in English language teaching of three teachers with various length of the pedagogical teaching practice. The aim of this diploma thesis is to find out how detailed lesson planning the teachers prepare, what they focus on, if the methodology is more important than language and if they use their lesson planning in other parallel classes. The thesis is divided into a theoretical a...
The theory of Error Analysis is a crucial part in the research of second language acquisition and it has significant influence on exploring the pattern of English teaching.Although there are some limitations in error analysis both in theory and practice, its significant role has been proved and recognized.It is inevitable that how to scientifically treat the errors will be become more and more popular in modern English teaching.The aim of this paper is to show the importance of error analysis in English teaching and also present how well it can function in English language teaching.
Full Text Available This paper highlights the impact of gender differences in English Language Teaching. It explores students’ learning styles as affected by the notions about men and women differences in communication. The data collected in 2008 from 20 males and 20 females’ English students of the State University of Makassar. It is to reveal their attitudes towards speaking to different sex, strategy to express opinion, group work preferences, activeness/passiveness, and their perception to increase English skills dealing with sex difference. It is revealed that female than male students were reluctant to speak to different sex; females preferred the direct way to express opinions (writing, work with the same sex, and tended to be passive in class. In addition, females saw the high possibility to increase their English skills by working with the same sex but the reverse is true for males. These different styles of female and male students in learning English were affected by the notions of women’s language.
Language is not only part of culture, but also the carrier. The relationship between them decides the important role of culture teaching in language teaching. However, some problems still exist in college English teaching. For example, classroom English teaching time is not enough for culture teaching; English learners’native language thinking has negative transfer in the target language learning, etc.. In order to solve these problems, this paper tends to discuss whether English teaching should put an emphasis on Big-C Culture or Little-c Culture.
Language is a means of communication. Communicative Language Teaching is an effective approach for English teaching and learning .This paper, first of all, introduces Communicative Language Teachings’ background and the basis theory of CLA. Then it analyzes the primary principles and the goal of Communicative Language Approach. Finally, it put forward that communicative language teaching is best considered an approach rather than a method.
This paper illustrates the definition and classification of pragmatic failure, causes of pragmatic failure and relation between pragmatic failure and English language teaching based on cross-cultural communication and pragmatic theory. It analyses students' pragmatic failure during their learning English and communicating with native speakers of English in detail, points out that English language teaching should take communicative culture and training students' pragmatic competence as main points. When teachers of English improve students' speech competence, they also should let students know the close relation between cultural differences and pragmatic differences and cross-cultural communication. Thus they should improve students' pragmatic competence to reduce their pragmatic failure.
Varghese, Manka M.; Johnston, Bill
Evangelical Christians are an enduring and growing presence in the field of English language teaching worldwide and in the TESOL organization in particular. Yet to date, hardly any empirical research has been done on this population of teachers or on the links between English teaching, religious beliefs, and missionary work. This article reports…
Kazzemi, Akram; Narafshan, Mehry Haddad
This paper is a try to investigate the attitudes of English language university teachers in Kerman (Iran) toward computer technology and find the hidden factors that make university teachers avoid using technology in English language teaching. 30 university teachers participated in this study. A questionnaire and semi-structured interview were…
BADEA ELENA CODRUTA
Full Text Available In the last two decades, legal English has attracted increasing interest and awareness, especially because English is predominantly the language of international legal practice. Legal English must be seen in the overall context of English for Specific Purposes , as it shares the important elements of need analysis, syllabus design, course design, and materials selection and development which are common to all fields of work in ESP. As with other varieties of ESP, Legal English implies the definition of a specific language corpus, usages of various teaching strategies and emphasis on particular kinds of communication in a specific context.The article aims to highlight some aspects of teaching legal English by a non-native teacher who is not an expert in law. It particularly focuses attention on the development of basic communication skills and the use of lexical approaches in successful language acquisition in legal English.
The cultural education has various influences for the English language teaching, Therefore, the teachers should pay much attention to the dissemination of cultural knowledge to the students. This thesis starts with the definition of culture. And then it analyzes the cause from the cultural education. We can have a thorough understanding of the cultural education from different angles to interpret the cultural education. The conclusion part of the paper, it illustrates explicitly the relationship between English. It starts with the function of English on the science technology, at last, the paper has a general conclusion of the content, focusing on the cultural education in English language teaching.
This article draws on Communicative Language Teaching,introduces the current situation of technical schools English Teaching,discusses the challenges of using Communicative Language Teaching in technical school English class.
Zerkina, Natalya N.; Kostina, Nataliia N.; Urazayeva, Nailya R.; Lomakina, Yekaterina A.; Emets, Tatiana V.; Gallyamova, Maria S.; Melnikova, Elena P.; Trutnev, Alexey Yu.; Lukina, Oksana A.
The article focuses on peculiarities of English adjective teaching as one of main and important lexicological basis. As the English language nowadays is important and universal as a native language of worldwide society, exactly that's why process of learning must include wide range of techniques not only as a process of learning theories but also…
Grammar is an important part of language learning. In order for students to have a functional knowledge of a language (in other words, that they can spontaneously produce language) they must have at least some knowledge about the grammatical con⁃structs of the language in question. How grammar can be taught? Considering various second language teaching methods, teaching grammar through Communicative Language Teaching Approach is the most talked. Emphasis in this article is put on the applica⁃tion of Communicative Language Teaching Approach in grammar teaching in college English classes.
@@ Language is a part of culture and plays a very important role in it.Some social scientists consider it the keystone of culture.Language and culture evolved together and have been mutually development through their history.The rise of civilization and the development of writing exhibit the same kind of mutual dependenee.Much of the recent work has revealed that language is related to cognition,and cognition in turn is related tO the cultural setting.1 would like to put forwards three principles to teach culture in English language teaching.Now I gladly have the opportunity to exchange my view with you.
Theoretical insights into teaching English as a second language developed in recent years are brought together in a broad methodological approach called the balanced activities approach. The book aims at providing a theoretical background to the approach as well as detailing practical instructional techniques. The first of the three parts of the…
English language teaching textbooks (or coursebooks) play a central role in the life of a classroom. This edited volume contains research-informed chapters focusing on: analysis of textbook content; how textbooks are used in the classroom; and textbook writers' accounts of the materials writing, design, and publishing process.
Jenks, Christopher J.
This paper discusses the importance of teaching English language learners (ELLs) three reading strategies to help facilitate a productive literacy environment, suggesting that students must be taught specific reading strategies in which purpose, comprehension, and memorization are facilitated. The first section presents a pre-reading strategy,…
With the development of the cross-cultural communication,more and more people have recognized the interaction between language and culture.Each culture has its own characteristic and is different from one another.Because of cultural differences,difficulties often arise in communication between different people.In China,English is taught as a foreign language.Both teachers and students should be aware of the differences between eastern and western culture in their teaching and study.
The paper addresses the brief history of English language teaching (ELT) methods in general and the type of ELT methods. It also presents the recent research on English language teaching methods and the debates that move towards the post-method pedagogy in second language teaching/learning. The paper deals with the brief summary of the methods and approaches in language teaching from Grammar-translation method to Communicative Language Teaching. It also looks the debate on post-method pedagogy.
@@ Classroom language is an extremely important form of talk.In a foreign language classroom,the teacher has to organize language teaching by using the target language.Therefore,classroom language in foreign language teaching seems more important.
Full Text Available This study wants to investigate the role of English Language Teaching and Learning in Iran. This study also wants to investigate the effect of the relationship between the language learning strategies of the students and language teaching strategies of teachers on the academic achievement of the students. The importance of English as a world language, the advance of technology and education reform envisaged by the new Constitution are key determinants for new developments for English language teaching and learning in Iran in this decade. This paper will first focus on the role of English and the problems of English language teaching in Iran. It will also touch on the part of education reform which is related to English language teaching. Then, it will state what has been planned or already done to improve the English language teaching and learning situation in Iran, now and in the future.
Full Text Available A hedge is a mitigating word or sound used to lessen the impact of an utterance. It can be an adjective, for example, â€˜Small potato me is not as strong as youâ€™; or an adverb: â€˜I maybe can swim faster than youâ€™, while it can also consist of clauses, that it could be regarded as a form of euphemism which should be taught as a main topic in English class of schools around the world. For instance, in Hong Kong schools, based on my observation while teaching in a number of primary and secondary English courses as a tutor, students report that their school teachers usually emphasize the teaching of all cohesive devices in terms of skills of writing while they neglect to explain the importance of the use of hedges in order to show euphemism. In this study, I would adopt Corpus Linguistics, a division of applied linguistics, as methodology to discover a great deal of hedges employed by so-called native speakers of English, for promoting the idiomatic usage of hedges in writing, nevertheless in speaking, so as to help teachers gain resources and inspiration in teaching to students the appropriate English hedges as a consequence of the authorâ€™s hard effort while revealing from the selected corpora of this paper.
With the invention and development of computer, Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) and multimedia have been made possible in English language learning and teaching throughout the world. Wikipedia is one of the most popularly used in English language learning and teaching. However, Wikipedia has not been widely used in mainland China up to now. This paper intends to introduce the ways of using Wikipedia in English language learning and teaching.
This article analyzes the kind of English we should teach in school under the world globalization, whether we should teach the Standard English or non-standard English. Finally, generate the discussion between teaching standard and non-standard variety of English not only in China but also other ESL and EOL countries.
Chinh, Nguyen Duc
The focus of culture in English language teaching (ELT) has traditionally been on the target culture of English speaking countries. However, the new status of English as international language (EIL) has led to significant changes in the practice of teaching and learning culture in ELT. Rather than relying on the paradigm of native speaker…
As China develops and is more frequently in contact with foreign countries, people have come to realize that traditional English teaching method can no longer meet the needs of development Since 1970s, the communicative approach has been paid much attention and widely employed in foreign language teaching. This article gives an account of the definition of communicative approach and the application of it in ELT. The writer also put forward some suggestions or criteria for teachers to take in the end of this article.
Written by an award-winning practitioner, English Language Learners: Teaching Strategies that Work offers educators a five-step methodology for teaching this burgeoning population. Rather than viewing these students through the typical lens of ""deficits"" they might have, the process helps educators recognize and use the assets ELLs bring to the classroom. The five principles around which the process revolves are: building relationships, accessing prior knowledge through student stories, developing student leadership, learning by doing, and reflection. The book shows how these ideas can be us
The development and wide spread of English language has led to the internationalization and localization of English language, during which English language is widely used in international communications by people with different mother tongues, in addition, English variations on different levels and local varieties have emerged. In consideration to the changes above, this paper aims to, firstly, examine the status of English language as an international language (ELL); secondly, explore the future of English language teaching (ELT) in China under a global context.
Body language, as the most important nonverbal communication method, is a kind of silent language that people use their appearances, actions, gestures to express their thoughts and feelings. It is the innovation in English teaching field and this ad-vanced teaching method is very popular in Chinese-English teaching nowadays. It plays the key role to the success of the English teaching class. In this paper, the concept of body language and its importance, concrete utilization in English teaching have been further discussed.
The functions of the Body Language is significant in the course of English teaching.It not only makes teacher express himself in class and creates an active atmosphere for students to study English, but also stimulates students’ interest to learn and master English.The most important thing is developing students’ ability of speaking English or communicating with others in English.
This paper describes the spread of English worldwide and its practical and educational consequences. Also, the author explores the implications of English as an international language for current teaching methods in Chinese context.
This paper elaborates the concept and characteristics of body language and emphasizes the function of body language in English teaching. The usages of the eyes, facial expressions, the senses of touch and gestures, which can set off the content of the English course, make English teaching attain a new state that is full of feeling. Usually, it can arise the students'interest in English studying. Meanwhile, this paper gives us some rune tional suggestions and conclusions.
Dr. T. Karunakaran
Full Text Available The paper addresses the brief history of English language teaching (ELT methods in general and the type of ELT methods. It also presents the recent research on English language teaching methods and the debates that move towards the post-method pedagogy in second language teaching/learning. The paper deals with the brief summary of the methods and approaches in language teaching from Grammar-translation method to Communicative Language Teaching. It also looks the debate on post-method pedagogy.
This document presents ideas on various topics in teaching English as a second language. Some of the problems of English orthography and semantics are illustrated. The role of contrastive analysis is mentioned with Spanish-English illustrations. A list of second-language-acquisition principles and techniques is provided, and suggestions for…
Communicative Language Teaching ( CLT) can promote learners’ communicative competence in the target language, and it can definitely contribute to the English education reform in China. However, some problems of adopting CLT can not be ignored.
The ultimate goal of foreign language teaching is to enable the students to use the foreign language in work of life when necessary. Thus we should teach language in the way that is used in the real world. But the basic precondition is that learner must be interested in foreign language. In my opinion, during the English learning process,“interest is the best teacher”. But many students don’t like to learn English, the reason is that they are not interested in English. Therefore, a suc-cessful language teacher must know how to raise students’interest in learning English, make them enjoy learning English. In addition, the language teaching method is very important, it must renew continuously, teachers should use the vivid and diverse teaching method to organize students to participate in extensive language practice activities, so as to improve stu-dents’study enthusiasm.
Donelson, Ken, Ed.
This issue of the "Arizona English Bulletin" contains 29 articles related to language teaching in high school English classes. Among the subjects covered are: grammar; signs, symbols, and metaphors; linguistic analysis in the teaching of composition; bilingualism; dialect study; semantics; generative rhetoric and the teaching of composition;…
Liu, Na; Lin, Chih-Kai; Wiley, Terrence G.
Since the 1980s, China has represented one of the major growth areas in the world for English language education, and studying English has been a priority among its foreign language educational policies. As English has gained more popularity in China, some have noted the potential value of English as a means to greater educational access and…
Siddiqie, Shamsun Akhter
The treatment of culture in foreign language textbooks is comparatively a new trend in English Language Teaching (ELT) which is based on the growing consensus that language textbooks should attempt to raise students' awareness of international culture as well as that of their own. Being influenced by this thought, Bangladesh too like many other…
The present research investigates the professional progress of English language teachers related to the language assessment and teaching methodologies and represents a theoretical planning of the field of curriculum and assessment in English Language Teaching and its effect in terms of professional and qualified development. Assessment is an essential section of the educational process, as it controls whether or not the goals of instruction are being achieved. Assessment influences decisions ...
Larry; E.Smith; Graham; Crookes; Frank; Tang
Creativity and innovation in English language teaching(ELT)are frequently discussed and debated. Recently the Ministry of Education(MOE)of China has urged the development of a system,which en- hances creative ability in students at all levels. Hawaii’s East-West Center in collaboration with the Ohana Foundation implemented an educational re- search activity designed to assess the current needs and best practices for English language teaching and learn- ing at the middle school level in China.The project focused on increasing creativity and innovation in English language education and used case studies of successful English language teaching/learning as the unit of analysis. Researchers from both China and the United States were involved with the analysis and made rec- ommendations for implementing innovative approach- es to English language instruction and on how to in- crease creativity in teacher training,curriculum de- velopment,and the use of appropriate technology.
Mahmoud, Montasser Mohamed AbdelWahab
This article discusses the relationship between culture and English language teaching (ELT) in the Arab World. A critical question arises in terms of ELT, that is, whether to teach culture along with English. To answer such a bewildering question, this article presents related literature and studies and discusses a theoretical frame based on…
Body language, as a sort of nonverbal communication, plays an important role in the interaction between teachers and students. Body language can stir students' interest and improve the effect of teaching. It also can improve the efficiency of learning English and optimize the design of English classroom activities. The teachers should make full use of body language in class and attach importance to the principle of using body language so as to get the best result.
Spoken language and written language serve different functions in communication. It ’s necessary for English teachers to know the differences between them in order to teach effectively. This thesis analyzes the differences between spoken language and written language in four respects and their influence in English teaching.
1 Introduction Language Teaching （LT） is closely associated with the development of linguistic research. The 2oth century English language teaching （ELT） development relies greatly on the developments of other sciences among applied linguistics can be accounted as one of the major input sources.
The current English teaching in colleges is still characterized by the adoption of the traditional teaching method,which is known as the 3Ps approach(presentation,practice,production)and in which student participation and interaction are quite limited. Task-based language teaching(TBLT),a further development of communicative language teaching,seems to satisfy such demands by converting the communicative language teaching principles into a practical classroom teaching model. There are six important principles of designing tasks. Based on the principles of designing tasks a procedure for TBLT can be proposed.
Examines the different uses of video technologies in English language teaching, including content and instructional presentation, planning for instruction, designing tasks for students, assessment, and using new technologies. (Author/VWL)
With the continual reform of language teaching and learning methods.teachers are in great demand to organize the classes in English and create English-learning circumstances.However,with the limitation of students vocabulary,teachers have to simplify their teaching hnguage with the help of facial expressions and body movements.In this article,the possibility and the effect of using body language in listening,speaking,reading and writing will be further discussed.
Many students find themselves cannot use spoken English to communicate with others, and this phenomenon has been ap-pearing in each teaching stage, especially in junior middle schools. Therefore, this paper sates Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) might be used as an effective way to solve current problem in English teaching and Spoken English teaching in junior middle schools.
this paper displays the problems of Current English teaching in junior middle schools and points out the reasons which caused the problems, and it sates Communicative Language Teaching （CLT） might be used as an effective way to solve current problem in English teaching and Spoken English teaching in junior middle schools.
Alsagoff, Lubna; Hu, Guangwei; Renandya, Willy A
What general principles should inform a socioculturally sensitive pedagogy for teaching English as an International Language and what practices would be consistent with these principles? This text explores the pedagogical implications of the continuing spread of English and its role as an international language, highlighting the importance of socially sensitive pedagogy in contexts outside inner circle English-speaking countries. It provides comprehensive coverage of topics traditionally included in second language methodology courses (such as the teaching of oral skills and grammar), as well
Spoken English is one of the most practical skill that students need to obtain. It is an important link in English Teaching. However, there exist many problems in Spoken English Teaching in China and one of the most serious problems is that it lacks sufficient practice. According to the interaction hypothesis, second language acquisition occurs when learners interact in conversation with native speakers. So, interaction also plays a crucial role in Spoken English Teaching. Based on the interaction hypothesis, this paper presents some new insights for improving Spoken English Teaching and discusses its enlightenment in Spoken English Teaching Classroom. And this thesis also gives a detailed explanation of the hypothesis’s importance in SLA.
Full Text Available In the field of English language teaching interest is growing in issues related to teaching English as an international language due to the rapidly changing status of English worldwide. This article identifies key theoretical issues, such as the spread of English, ownership of English, linguistic variation and intelligibility, and also discusses which variety of English to teach and the appropriateness of communicative language teaching methodology for teaching English as an international language. The main aim is to identify and discuss the issues related to teaching English as an international language in general, as well as highlighting the applications of these issues in the Turkish context
This paper is to reveal some connotative differences inEnglish and Chinese. Ignorance of connotative difference mayresult in difficulty or even failure in cross-culturalcommunication. Therefore, the author proposes that somecomparative studies be made to find out, with the same referencein both English and Chinese, what connotations are shared byboth English and Chinese and what are unique either in Englishor in Chinese, as is illustrated in this paper, so as to contributeto teaching English in China. Finally, the author sincerelyhopes his discussion in this paper could sensitize the dictionarymakers or textbook compilers still further to the needs of theChinese learners of English. It is they, he believes, who needhelp the most from some such dictionaries or textbooks.
This review examines current research on teaching English Language Learners (ELLs) in four content area subjects: History, math, English, and science. The following topics are examined in each content area: The linguistic, cognitive, and sociocultural features of academic literacy and how this literacy can be taught; general investigations of…
China’s English Language Teaching (ELT) for non-English majors has many problems, among which the biggest one is students’incompetence in language use. To find out the root of the problems and overcome them, this paper takes a sociolinguistic view at China’s ELT for non-English majors in three different aspects and offers suggestions for its improvement.
Önem, Evrim; Ergenç, Iclal
Much research has shown that there is a negative relationship between high levels of anxiety and success for English language teaching. This paper aimed to test a model of teaching for anxiety and success in English language teaching to affect anxiety and success levels at the same time in a control-experiment group with pre- and post-test study…
From a national language to a world lingua franca, English is playing a more and more important role in the world. Great changes in English today have also raised peoples’ concerns about its mutual intelligibility in the global context as so many people speak different Englishes. The aim of this paper is to discuss the norm of Standard English and the paper elaborates further on the English Language Teaching issues in China today.
Nowadays,culture teaching is more emphasized in language teaching. But less attention is paid to the influence of pop culture in language teaching. The important role of pop culture in middle school English language teaching will be discussed in this thesis through its correlation with some factors in English language teaching.
David Nunan's dynamic learner-centered teaching style has informed and inspired countless TESOL educators around the world. In this fresh, straightforward introduction to teaching English to speakers of other languages he presents teaching techniques and procedures along with the underlying theory and principles. Complex theories and research studies are explained in a clear and comprehensible, yet non-trivial, manner without trivializing them. Practical examples of how to develop teaching materials and tasks from sound principles provide rich illustrations of theoretical constructs.
Pennington, Martha C
Phonology in English Language Teaching is an introductory text, specifically directed at the needs of language teachers internationally. Combining an overview of English phonology with structured practical guidance, this text shows how phonology can be applied in the classroom.An introductory chapter provides the philosophical framework, followed by separate chapters on the phonology of consonants, vowels and prosody. As well as presenting core material on English phonology, the book explores the relationship of orthography to the English sound system from a historical and a pre
This new edition of Teach EFL is the ultimate practical reference guide to becoming an EFL teacher. "Riddell''s book is a classic - it answers all those questions new language teachers have....covers an amazing amount in a clear accessible way.". David Carr, Director of Teacher Training. International House London. This book is packed with information on:. -effective teaching techniques. -sound classroom management. -practical lesson planning. -successful job hunting and career development. This is an indispensable book for all new EFL teachers: a step-by-step guide on what to teach and how to teach it. This edition has been fully revised to include:. -insights from teachers working around the world. -up-to-date information on technology as an aid to learning. -comprehensive information on the increasingly popular task-based learning. -invaluable advice on making the transition from learning to teaching. -clear guidance on ongoing professional development. -useful examples of teaching in different internation...
Nowadays teaching and learning English as a second language is becoming more important than ever. This emphasis is due, to some extent, to the lack of work vacancies in Spain and the necessity of Spanish people to learn the English language properly. Having the ability to speak and understand the English language at a good level is thought of as beneficial as a way of either improving an individual’s curriculum with a qualification or certificate, or simply as a way of aiding that individual ...
As the English teaching and learning methods reforms,the class circumstances become more and more important.With the help of facial expressions and body movements,teachers can easily solve the reality of the limitation of students ’ vocabulary.The paper analyzes the importance and the concrete application of body language in English teaching,which concludes the ability of listening,speaking,reading and writing.
In the traditional intensive English classroom, the teacher plays the dominant role; he is the lecturer who is interested in presenting language items, the organizer of teaching and learning activities, and the assessor of learners' performance.Students are usually bench-bound listeners. They watch the teacher explaining language points and giving samples, take
Concerted efforts to characterise Botswana English (BE), though still referred to as "a variety in development", have validated its existence. However, the teaching and assessment of English in the high schools do not seem to have responded to the development of this variety. This paper discusses the viability of using Standard British…
Ioana Claudia Horea
Full Text Available Teaching English as a foreign language requires very different approaches if we consider the recipients of the didactic process. Concerning the practical aspects of the primary task of a language instructor, namely teaching, skills of all sorts are required in order to be able to use best methods and most appropriate resources and up to date materials and devices. Moreover, to teach students of your own mother tongue is one very distinct thing from teaching foreigners. These two categories, namely students of the same mother tongue as their teacher and foreigners, have two things in common, namely: first, they are the subjects on whom the activity of teaching English is to be applied and second, this language is not their native tongue. These facts can thus be reduced to one idea: addressing to recipients of EFL teaching. Still, there is a big difference between teaching the first category mentioned, those who have the same mother tongue as the teacher and teaching the second category, foreigners, to whom not even the vaguest hints can be provided in other language than English. There comes a new challenge, an extra endeavour for an even more special approach. This study undertakes to present some of the distinctions entailed at the level of teaching methods and to parallel the diverse methodological approaches for the two situations presented. Are the four skills that language acquisition assumes to be taught distinctly and shall the approaches in each particular situation differ from one case to the other or not too much? It takes some distinct features to be or, better saying, to become a teacher of languages; and to teach English as foreign language to foreigners is a new development within this typology, a diverse dimension. New levels of character traits are instinctively reached by instructors in order to better cope, unconsciously, psychologically and emotionally, with the upgraded’ challenges.
This portfolio is a compilation of the author’s beliefs about effectively teaching English as a Second Language and Spanish as a Foreign Language. All of the work in the portfolio centers on the teaching philosophy statement, which contains what the author believes to be the most important aspects of second and foreign language teaching. This statement discusses the importance of communicative language teaching, with a focus on real-life interactions with others. It also advocates teaching co...
Slager, William R.; And Others
These materials are part of a one-week experimental program to bring together the language and the TESL components of the Peace Corps Training Program for Ethiopia. The program is based on the relationship between language teaching and language learning, that is, between the methods classes in the teaching of English as a second language, and the…
Full Text Available Research in materials evaluation has been an important focus in ELT since the 1980s. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the general attributes of the textbooks and to evaluate the learning-teaching content. In this study, 944 male and female English teachers (Year 1 to Year 6 & Form 1 to Form 5 evaluated the English books using a valid and reliable checklist. In terms of general attributes and learning-teaching content of the textbooks, the results showed that Year 1 to Year 6 teachers reported that the current textbooks are ‘highly useful’ to the students, whereas Form 1 to Form 5 teachers contended that the school books are only ‘moderately useful’. The findings of this study can be useful for curricula designers and Ministry of Education as a reference for improving or modifying the textbooks.
The ultimate goal of foreign language teaching is to enable the students to use the foreign language in work of life when necessary.Thus we should teach language in the way that is used in the real world.But the basic precondition is that learner must be interested in foreign language.In my opinion,during the English learning process,"interest is the best teacher".But many students don’t like to learn English,the reason is that they are not interested in English.Therefore,a successful language teacher must know how to raise students’interest in learning English,make them enjoy learning English.In addition,the language teaching method is very important,it must renew continuously,teachers should use the vivid and diverse teaching method to organize students to participate in extensive language practice activities,so as to improve students’study enthusiasm.
With the development of the relations between China and ASEAN, English language learning and teaching is playing a more and more important role -- especially, the importance of location of Yunnan province as a"major bridgehead" for international relations with Southeast Asia. Because of the policy of making English an official language in ASEAN,'Opportunities and Challenges' shall be discussed in this article. Also, some suggestions to enhance teacher training would be proposed.
A problem has been arising among many English learners who would have frequent contact with English culture and the language. That is: they are inefficient in both English and Chinese. It is extremely obvious as far as Chinese students ’lan-guage development is concerned. In my paper, I want to explore how English language teaching (ELT) influences Chinese stu-dents’language development.
This study documents the experiences of Swedish university lecturers when they change from teaching in their first language to teaching in English. Eighteen lecturers from two Swedish universities took part in a training course for teachers who need to give content courses in English. As part of the course the participants gave mini-lectures in their first language in a subject area that they usually teach. The following week, the lecturers gave the same lectures again, this time in English. ...
This paper makes a brief analysis on the approach of the Task-based English Language Teaching.Task based language teaching approach is a very useful method which is commonly used in English language learning classroom for second language learners.During the several English teaching in the experimental English class,the author states a brief analysis on the language acquisition approach applied in the students reading,writing,listening and speaking.
In this paper, the author reviews the history of English language teaching English as a second or foreign language in schools and colleges in Nepal. Teaching English language and literature in Nepal is of about a half a decade, starting from the mid of twentieth century. English learners in Nepal do not have enough exposure to various techniques…
Li he ying; Niululu
With the continuous reform of English teaching,Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) comes out and is promoted.The author introduces and analyzes the meaning of TBLT,studies its' function in English teaching to find out its'necessity.
Li; he; ying; Niu; lulu
With the continuous reform of English teaching,Task-based Language Teaching(TBLT) comes out and is promoted.The author introduces and analyzes the meaning of TBLT,studies its’ function in English teaching to find out its’ necessity.
Shanahan, Therese; Shea, Lauren M.
English learners are faced with the dual challenge of acquiring English while learning academic content through the medium of the new language (Lee et al. in J Res Sci Teach 45(6):726-747, 2008; Stoddart et al. in J Res Sci Teach 39(8):664-687, 2002) and therefore need specific accommodations to achieve in both English and the content areas. Teachers require higher quality and new forms of professional development to learn and meet the needs of their students. This study examines the impact of one professional development model that explicitly embedded language learning strategies into science inquiry lessons. It also demonstrates how teachers involved in the PD program improve their self-efficacy about language instruction embedded in content and how they interpret and implement the methodology.
Demiroz, Hakan; Yesilyurt, Savas
Studies conducted so far have mainly focused on investigating the characteristics of effective foreign language teachers to understand the role of teacher effectiveness in the process of language learning, while there is scarcity of studies focusing on the perceptions of the characteristics of effective foreign language teaching of the students of…
Atai, Mahmood Reza; Mazlum, Farhad
The present study investigates English language teaching (ELT) curriculum planning in Iran's Ministry of Education and its implementation by teachers. We studied programme evaluation; needs analysis; the ELT-specific documents; communication channels between planning and practice levels; teacher evaluation and student assessment; interpretation…
Allison, Barbara N.; Rehm, Marsha L.
English language learners represent the fastest growing segment of the U.S. school-age population, raising the question of how best to teach this new and challenging group of students. The research and scholarly literature has identified a number of instructional strategies and classroom practices that have been shown to be effective in teaching…
Sato, Takahiro; Hodge, Samuel R.
The purpose of the current study was to describe and explain the views on teaching English Language Learners (ELLs) held by six elementary physical education (PE) teachers in the Midwest region of the United States. Situated in positioning theory, the research approach was descriptive-qualitative. The primary sources of data were face-to-face…
Özmen, Kemal Sinan; Cephe, Pasa Tevfik; Kinik, Betül
This review examines the doctoral research in Turkey completed between 2010 and 2014 in the area of English language teaching and learning. All of the dissertations (N = 137) indexed in the National Theses Database have been included in order to analyze dissertations' subject areas, research paradigms/techniques, and research contexts as well as…
In 2001, the new English Language Syllabus was introduced to all national schools in Singapore. One new feature in this Syllabus was the teaching of different text-types. Previously, schools taught units based on themes. However, with the new syllabus, teachers need to structure their lessons according to the different text-types and further break it up into text forms.
Atai, Mahmood Reza; Mazlum, Farhad
The present study investigates English language teaching (ELT) curriculum planning in Iran's Ministry of Education and its implementation by teachers. We studied programme evaluation; needs analysis; the ELT-specific documents; communication channels between planning and practice levels; teacher evaluation and student assessment;…
This book explores ways to prepare teachers to teach English as an International Language, and provides theoretically-grounded models for EIL-informed teacher education. It includes two chapters that present a theoretical approach to EIL teacher education, followed by descriptions of field-tested teacher education programs, courses and activities.
Task-based Language Teaching was put forward in 1980s.The present paper aims to make a brief introduction about task-based language teaching approach and investigate the application of task-based language teaching approach in junior high school English classes in order to make it better adapt to the development of English teaching in China.
Anani, Oluwabunmi Ahoefa; Badaki, Jude Valentine; Kamai, Richard
The typical Nigerian English language classroom has a large class size and lacks qualified language teachers. These factors reflect in the quality and quantity of teaching in the English as a Second Language classroom. Team teaching or co-teaching is an intervention strategy which language teachers can use to address these issues. Not only does…
Cavalheiro, Lili Lopes
Tese de doutoramento, Linguística (Linguística Aplicada), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Letras, 2015 As the current global lingua franca, most interactions in English occur between non-native speakers, who use it both intra- and internationally. Still, English Language Teaching (ELT) has not quite adapted to this reality, as teaching methods have hardly considered learners’ languages (Alptekin 2002) as well as other varieties and cultures. The reason lies on educational systems’ pol...
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) is considered to be one of the ‘best methods’ for English language teaching since it was introduced into China. This paper mainly talks about the feasibility study of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) from both positive and negative aspects in Chinese College English teaching environment, and further studies why Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) can be integrated with College English in China.
Matsuda, Aya, Ed.
This book critically examines current ELT practices vis-a-vis the use of English as an international lingua franca. It bridges the gap between theoretical discussion and the practical concerns of teaching English as an international language (EIL), and presents diverse approaches for preparing competent users of English in international contexts.…
Li, Zhong-guo; Song, Min-yan
This paper reconsiders the functions of the traditional English grammar teaching and the communicative language teaching. Through analysis and practice, we think that they are not opposed to each other. In order to improve the students' ability and gain better teaching results, the two kinds of teaching approaches should not be used respectively.…
Alina Nicoleta Padurean
Full Text Available The goal of this study is to determine the most appropriate methods and techniques used for Teaching English to children with special educational needs and to determine whether they should take the courses in foreign languages in mainstream education or with a supporting teacher. The study is based on a questionnaire applied to teachers of English and on questionnaires answered by children with special educational needs and children without learning difficulties. The theoretical part covers suggestions for teaching English to children with special educational needs and the practical part is a comparison between the answers provided by the interviewed teachers and students. The findings conclude that teachers are able to teach regular children simultaneously with mainstream children, though these are reluctant regarding the education of children with special educational needs in mainstream education.
Many Non-English majors of vocational college experience language anxiety when they speak English in the class. Many scholars have investigated language anxiety for years, which means that this prob- lem has attracted more and more attention. However, most of the investigations are carried on among university undergraduates while little re- search has been done about vocational college students. So, the purpose of this paper is to analyze the current situations of oral English teaching in vocational colleges and combine the features of English and characteristics of vocational college students to find out the causes of vocational college non-English majors＇ language anxiety and help students to reduce anxiety so as to improve their oral proficiency and ultimately improving oral English teaching in higher vocational college.
Schaetzel, Kirsten; Low, Ee Ling
Adult English language learners in the United States approach the learning of English pronunciation from a wide variety of native language backgrounds. They may speak languages with sound systems that vary a great deal from that of English. The pronunciation goals and needs of adult English language learners are diverse. These goals and needs…
Teacher plays a key role in language teaching.Teaching language is the first thing that students notice of their English teacher’s English.However,there is a misleading aspect in the use of teaching language.The author picks it out and offers some possible solutions.
Teacher plays a key role in language teaching.Teaching language is the first thing that students notice of their English teacher's English.However.there is a misleading aspect in the use of teaching language.The author picks it out and offers some possible solutions.
The application of task-based language teaching in English reading teaching can be called the task-based reading teaching(TBRT),which is a new approach for teaching English reading class.This paper starts with the definition and the meaning of taskbased reading teaching,followed by the its application and at the end of the paper,a few suggestions are made in order to shed some lights on the English teachers who teach seniors'English reading.
This article contends that, in spite of a recent upsurge in writing on non-native English-speaking teachers (NNESTs) in the global discourse of English language teaching (ELT), the experiences of NNESTSs working within their own state educational systems remain seriously under-investigated. To help to redress this, the article explores, from their…
Akyildiz, Seçil Tümen; Semerci, Çetin
This study aimed at investigating the effect of the cognitive coaching-supported reflective teaching approach in English language teaching on the academic success of students and on the permanence of success. It was conducted during the spring semester of 2013/2014 academic year at the School of Foreign Languages, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.…
English as a global language is learned worldwide and a plethora of methods and approaches have been developed and practiced in English classrooms by dedicated teachers and students. Understanding the underlying theories of second and foreign language acquisition and learning will help both teachers and students in learning and teaching a target language. There has not been many research conducted in the area, especially within Indonesian context. This research therefore attempts to fill in g...
Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 In the field of English language teaching interest is growing in issues related to teaching English as an international language due to the rapidly changing status of English worldwide. This article identifies key theoretical issues, such as the spread of English, ownership of English, linguistic variation and intelligibility, and also discusses which variety of English to teach and the appropriateness of communicative language teaching methodology for teaching English as an international language. The main aim is to identify and discuss the issues related to teaching English as an international language in general, as well as highlighting the applications of these issues in the Turkish context
There has been much debate on the topic of language input and language output in College English teaching in China. This paper based on the Krashen＇s Input Hypothesis and Swain＇s Output Hypothesis to discuss the problems that existed in the college language teaching. It also put forward some suggestions learned from the two theories to improve the college language teaching quality and make students achieve the balance of language competence.
From illustrating the significance of cultural elements in vocabulary teaching, and the ctmtparison of some major differences between English and Chinese words, this paper emphasizes the indivisible relationship between vocabulary and culture. International cultural exchange occurring more and more often, this paper attempts to guide students to better understand the cultural connotation of vocabulary, enhance their awareness towards the target culture, improve their comtprehensive language skills, and, develop their cross-cultural communicative ctmtpetence.
Groundbreaking in the ways it makes new connections among emotion, critical theory, and pedagogy, this book explores the role of students' and teachers' emotions in college instruction, illuminating key literacy and identity issues faced by immigrant students learning English in postsecondary institutions. Offering a rich blend of, and interplay between, theory and practice, it asks: How have emotions and affect been theorized from a critical perspective, and how might these theories be applied to English language teaching and learning? What do complex and shifting emotions, such as hope, disa
Barfield, Susan C.; Uzarski, Joelle
One of the most important components of a culture is its language. With language, people not only expeditiously communicate; they also express their values, beliefs, and world views. When a language becomes extinct, a part of the cultural patrimony of humanity is lost. For linguists, this also means the loss of an opportunity for a better…
Njemanze Q.U.; ONONIWU, M. C.
The diverse multicultural backgrounds of English language learners make it imperative that the media plays paramount role in the teaching and development of English language in Nigeria. Bearing in mind that English, a better studied language, now co-exists with other indigenous languages, and the need of the native speakers of the local languages to learn English for diverse purposes. The media has been providing a level playing ground where speakers of diverse native tongues can learn the la...
Nicolas Robert Hurst
Full Text Available This paper examines the role of illustrations in the context of English Language Teaching (ELT coursebooks produced in Portugal. Taking illustrations to be one pilar in the construction of meaning through the representation of culture, the discussion shifts between their use over the last 35 years and their potential as a source of innovation and improvement in this area of ELT materials development. The central issue relates to the need for illustrations to perform something more than a decorative function in ELT coursebooks. Further discussion deals with the general issue of cultural content in language teaching materials, its importance in relation to situating language learning as both meaningful and purposeful. There are clear links themes related to foreign language teaching methodology (the learner-centred approach and to curriculum development (citizenship education.It is argued that local coursebook publishers and writers should pay closer attention to the importance of cultural representation in language teaching materials, in this case to the use of illustrations, as a way of optimising the long-held influence of coursebooks as significant educational instruments.
There are increasing numbers of children with little or no English entering English speaking mainstream lessons. This often leaves them with unique frustrations due to limited English language proficiency and disorientation. Teachers often feel unable to cater sufficiently for these new arrivals. "Teaching English as an Additional Language Ages…
A teacher's identity is thought to evolve in a continuous, situated fashion, amidst dynamic interaction between cognitive, affective, social, cultural and political factors. However, the literature provides little insight into the impact on the ongoing identity construction of class teachers when they encounter a few students with English as an…
This research study tries to understand the information processing model and social learning theory in regards to teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) to Spanish speakers by using peer teaching methods. This study will examine each theory's concepts and frameworks to better comprehend what teaching methods support English language learning.…
The Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) method has been the proposed teaching method under the current national English curriculum since 2001. However, few studies have investigated in-service teachers' response to this proposed language teaching method. In this study, thirty public school English teachers were recruited in Beijing across school…
Lin, Tzu-Bin; Wu, Chiao-Wen
After introducing new curriculum guidelines during education reform, the Taiwan Ministry of Education has taken the lead in integrating a communicative approach into the new English language curriculum. Task-based language teaching (TBLT) is viewed as a realisation of communicative language teaching and is one of the most popular English language…
Altay, Ismail Firat
As is known, writing is an indispensable part of language education. As far as English Language Teaching Departments are concerned, writing courses, especially Advanced Writing Skills, are taken as a course of higher importance. However, forming a syllabus for Advanced Writing Course for English Language Teaching Departments is not an easy matter.…
Based on a diagnosis of the problems in the traditional way of teaching English reading in China, this paper introduces the "whole language" theory and explores its application to the teaching of English reading. To begin with, it demonstrates the various problems in the teaching of English reading which severely prevent the improvement…
Full Text Available The ever-increasing spread of English as the language of global communication leads to ever-increasing demand for learning it among adult populations of non-English-speaking countries. If such people did not have a chance of acquiring English during their school or university years but urgently need it for professional or personal purposes, they have no other choice but to go and learn it at courses offered by numerous commercial language schools and centers. In post-Communist countries, such as Ukraine, commercial language schools and centers are responsible for English language training of the majority of adults learning that language after their secondary or tertiary school studies. They also serve the needs of many high and higher schools’ students who, due to various reasons, are not satisfied with learning English at their educational institutions. However, despite the importance and spread of this specific type of language education, its pedagogical and methodological foundations have hardly been developed at all. The present article is an attempt of partly filling this gap in pedagogy and methodology of English language education in non-English-speaking countries. The paper develops some theoretical underpinnings of that kind of education in the form of six principles underlying the organization of commercial English language courses, formulating their goals, selecting the learning contents, and choosing the methods of teaching and learning. The practical consequences of adopting the six suggested principles are outlined.
@@ Chapter I Introduction "Pmpor lesson planning is essential for both novice and experienced tethers"(A course in English language teaching,2000:24).In the lesson planning.teachers determine what techniques,activities and materials will be used in the class beforehand.The question discussed in this essay is that who iS centered in the lesson planning in English language teaching.In the traditional English teaching classroom.teacher is the center of teaching and learning.
Full Text Available Fluency and accuracy are the target of learning English. Both of them have important role for the students who learn English. Consequently, a teacher should consider fluency and accuracy of the English used by the students in the classroom. It means that teaching English should teach both linguistics and communicative competence. To teach lingusitics competence, a teacher can use Grammar Translation Method (GTM. Furthermore, a teacher needs Communicative Language Teaching (CLT Method to teach commuicative competence. This article will study about the “The Implementation of Grammar Translation Method (GTM and Comunicative Language Teaching (CLT Method in Teaching Integrated English” which are applied in Basic English Station (BEST Course of Jombang. This English course can combine both GTM and CLT to teach the students. For the first time, the writer will discuss about GTM and CLT theory. Then he will describe the programs and the materials applied in this course. Afterward, the writer will discuss about the implementation of GTM and CLT which are used to explain the materials and how GTM and CLT are applied in the programs that this course has. It means that, GTM and CLT will be applied both in the classroom and the programs of this English course
Full Text Available This study documents the experiences of Swedish university lecturers when they change from teaching in their first language to teaching in English. Eighteen lecturers from two Swedish universities took part in a training course for teachers who need to give content courses in English. As part of the course the participants gave mini-lectures in their first language in a subject area that they usually teach. The following week, the lecturers gave the same lectures again, this time in English. The pairs of lectures were videoed and commented on by the lecturers themselves and the whole course cohort in an online discussion forum (an input of approximately 60 000 words. In addition, twelve of the lecturers were interviewed about their experiences of changing language in this way (total of 4 hours of recorded material. The paper presents a qualitative analysis of the thoughts and experiences expressed by the lecturers in their online discussions and in the interviews concerning the process of changing the language of instruction to English. These results are presented as nine themes. Nine recommendations for teachers changing to teaching in English are also presented. The findings replicate those of earlier studies with one notable exception: the lecturers in this study were acutely aware of their limitations when teaching in English. It is suggested that this may be due to the lecturers’ relative inexperience of English-medium instruction.
@@ Preamble My purpose in this talk is to reassess the role of translation in English language teaching. I propose to do this by examining how approaches to the use of translation in the teaching of English have changed and developed over the years and then evaluating the current state of the art in order to establish some possible guidelines for the way forward. And whilst I shall be doing so from a predominantly European perspective. I also intend to consider examples and comments from educators around the world. With regard to China in particular, it is important to learn from these insights without necessarily copying the techniques involved or repeating mistakes that have been made elsewhere. For the main part of my talk, I will focus on theoretical aspects, but towards the end I intend to provide you with some practical suggestions on how to implement the theory in the classroom.
This paper aims at investigating the effect of using Arabic language for teaching English as a Foreign Language in a Jordanian context at elementary school stages in Al-Karak Directorate of Education. English language teachers usually intend to focus on using English in their classes, but they come across a big problem which is the lack of…
Shin, Sarah J
This book explores the experiences of 30 men and women who train to teach ESL as a second career. It provides portraits of these individuals as they develop as teachers and launch their new careers. A welcome addition to the growing literature on teacher development, this book will be an important resource for anyone working in TESOL.
Akbari, Ramin; Behzadpoor, Foad; Dadvand, Babak
The present study was carried out to develop and validate an L2 teacher reflection instrument. For this purpose, a six component model of second language (L2) teacher reflection, encompassing practical, cognitive, meta-cognitive, affective, critical and moral reflection, was developed using experts' opinion and a comprehensive review of the…
Full Text Available Advertising as one of the phenomena of modern times is often an inseparable, though undesirable part of our everyday lives. Current trends indicate that there are still more and more anglicisms, internationalisms, and particles of different cultures penetrating billboard advertisements in many towns and cities around the world, and Slovakia is no exception. The crucial question of this article is: How is it possible to use advertisements in English language teaching and learning? To answer this question, the examination is focused on: (1 defining the role and characteristic traits of advertisements; (2 searching for the linkage between the psychological principles of advertising and psychology of learning foreign languages; (3 the frequency of anglicisms and internationalisms in billboard advertisements in particular areas of selected Slovak cities; (4 concrete suggestions for teaching practice based on the previous findings.
This is a study to focus on analyzing the use of constructive teaching method toward the students' motivation in learning content subject of Introduction to Research of English Language Teaching. By using a mix-method of qualitative and quantitative analysis, the data are collected by using questionnaire and classroom observation. The…
This paper first illustrates S.D. Krashen’s language acquisition theory, especially two of his five hypotheses as well as the guidance of these theories towards the teaching of business English reading for students majored in business English.
1、 Introduction ELT must keep pace with the information times,so we' d better integrate the educational technology into ELT.As video is a medium of teaching, By means of combing audios,visuals,sounds and images,so nowadays almost every institution in china provides its students with the opportunity to watch English videos in the belief that video is an effective means of improving students' language proficiency.While this belief may be justifiable theoretically, it could hardly obtain strong support from actual practice.
The goal of the new English curriculum standards is not just to enhance the ability of using language but also to arrive at a higher reading lev-el.This means that English teachers need change timely teaching methods to improve the existing situation of English reading teaching .The purpose of the research is not only to explore how to arouse students' interest in reading but to explore some practical and effective teaching methods to improve teaching effectiveness in the future junior middle school English reading lesson.
Influenced by the incorrect English teaching method and the current test-driven education system, majority of English language learners in China have not only err from the right path in boosting language proficiency, but also lost their interest and confidence in acquiring English. Under such circumstances, this paper endeavors to quest for reasons and introduce new English teaching and acquisition methods based on the Comprehension Hypothesis.
The purpose of this article is to explore how important that task-based language teaching (TBLT) interacts with Infor-mation and Communication Technology (ICT) into English language teaching (ELT) in China. Many researchers have already studied that ICT and TBLT innovate the traditional teaching methods and improve our teaching or learning. However, they sepa-rated TBLT from ICT instead of integrating these two ways into ELT. Few researches studied on how importance task-based in-teracts with integration ICT into ELT in China. Under this circumstance, this article reviews the literature related to the present situation, which includes the brief introduction in English language teaching problems, the general concepts of ICT in ELT, task-based teaching methodology in ELT, some studies on task-based interacting with integration ICT into ELT, discussion and con-clusion.
Sifakis, Nicos C.; Sougari, Areti-Maria
Addresses the challenge of globalization with respect to English language teaching and particularly teaching English to speakers of foreign languages. Argues that some of the primary issues involved concern the increasing role of technology and communication in modern societies and the looming conflict between local communities and the…
Banegas, Dario; Pavese, Anahi; Velazquez, Aurelia; Velez, Sandra Maria
In 2011 we, a group of English-as-a-foreign-language teachers at a secondary school in Argentina, decided to investigate our teaching practices through collaborative action research so as to improve our students' learning opportunities and thus revitalise English-language teaching in our context. We implemented and evaluated the integration of…
Ideal as a supplementary text for a variety of courses and as a guide for in-service teachers and for professional development settings, "Teaching English Language Learners: 43 Strategies for Successful K-8 Classrooms" provides teachers of all content areas with a broad, practical approach to teaching English language learners in the regular…
Moodie, Ian; Nam, Hyun-Jeong
This article reviews recent studies on English language teaching (ELT) in South Korea, where a great deal of research has been produced in recent years in local journals. In this article we review 95 studies from a pool of some 1,200 published between 2009 and 2014 on English language teaching and learning, focusing on research within the public…
Soomro, Muhammad Arif; Memon, Natasha; Memon, Shumaila Aijaz
Teaching industry of English as a second or foreign language has grown massively in recent times in Pakistan. There are many public sectors universities and English academies established all over Pakistan offering English language proficiency courses. Therefore, this wave led to conduct this research. The purpose of conducting this study was to…
Vroom, Sara J.; Seaman, Alan A.
One of the most significant trends in contemporary English language teaching is the dramatic increase in English as a foreign language (EFL) programs for younger children (ages 3-12) in school systems throughout the world. These programs have created special challenges for teachers who are nonnative English speakers (NNES). To document the…
This essay firstly has a brief review on three theoretical approaches: behaviourism,innatism and interactionism,and their relationship with language acquisition.Then it points out the significance of understanding the process of language development in the practice of classroom teaching English as a foreign language.Furthermore,some constractive suggestions are put forward in order th at English teachers may achieve more in their English teaching.
Task-based Language Teaching has been greatly applied to college English teaching after the traditional “PPP”teaching approach. The key links in TBLT are assignment, development and inspection of tasks. With the main method, interactive communication,“students-centered ” is stressed, and students' subjective dynamics is fully exerted. Class time can be effectively used and students' communicative ability is cultivated with the improvement of oral expression ability.
As a teaching method,communicative approach is used more and more in English classroom teaching.It is proved that communicative approach is a useful and practical teaching method in English classroom.Not only can it improve students’ability of communication,but also it trains each of the students’ language skills.
As a teaching method,communicative approach is used more and more in English classroom teaching.It is proved that communicative approach is a useful and practical teaching method in English classroom.Not only can it improve students’ ability of communication,but also it trains each of the students’ language skills.
With the coming of the information age, computer-based teaching model has had an important impact on English teaching. Since 2004, the trial instruction on Network-assisted Language Teaching (NALT) Model integrating the English instruction and computer technology has been launched at some universities in China, including China university of…
Coskun, Abdullah; Arslan, Abdullah
This paper aims to emphasize the importance of using Moodle in foreign language learning and teaching by reviewing relevant literature and introducing a Moodle-based environment aiming to help English learners to practice their English by themselves. Firstly, the use of Moodle in education and more specifically in English Language Teaching is…
In the highest of need for a transformative new pedagogy with adolescent English Language Learners, I designed and conducted this qualitative case study to answer the questions on the in-depth meaning of innovative teaching practices in new times. Grounded in the sociocultural perspectives, and in accordance with the qualitative case study…
Chval, Kathryn B.; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Thomas, Amanda
Research in mathematics education increasingly recognizes the role of language in the education of English language learners. However, research examining the professional growth of mathematics teachers as they learn to teach English language learners is sparse. This case study addresses this issue by examining one third grade teacher as she…
There is a natural relationship between culture and language. Language reflects how the people of a nation form the unique way of life and the way of thinking. Therefore, English teaching necessarily involves cultural education as well. This paper analyzes the influence of social culture in English teaching and tries to set up a principle of teaching English culture.
Selvi, Ali Fuad
Fueled by present-day globalization and influx of migration, the unprecedented global demand for English language necessitates the provision of high-quality education for English language learners across the world. This picture places English language teaching at the top of the educational agenda in both English-speaking and non-English-speaking…
This study evaluates a teacher development course on the use of English as the language of learning and teaching (LoLT). The course was developed and implemented in a sample of Intermediate Phase classrooms in four rural primary schools of the Free State Province. The course was a language intervention programme in an integrated district development project funded by the Flemish Government. The project was implemented from 2002 to 2004. The course was developed and implemented by Sacred Heart...
Ter-Minasova, Svetlana G.
The English language in Russia: a brief survey. It includes a historical perspective, the traditions of the past and the new challenges of the present-day situation. The history is simple: it is based on a deep love of foreign languages in general and English in particular. Love against all odds, for better, for worse, for richer and for poorer.…
Aleeva, Gulnara Kh.; Safiullina, Gulshat R.
The article discusses the problem of mastering new vocabulary at the English language classes. The brief review of the bilingual English-Russian printed and electronic Dictionaries used at the practical classes of English for the students of the first and second courses of the Germanic Philology Department of Kazan Federal University. The method…
Chval, Kathryn B.; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Thomas, Amanda
Research in mathematics education increasingly recognizes the role of language in the education of English language learners. However, research examining the professional growth of mathematics teachers as they learn to teach English language learners is sparse. This case study addresses this issue by examining one third grade teacher as she learned how to focus on language as she designed and taught mathematics lessons to facilitate the participation of English language learners. Data sources consist of audio recordings of interviews, lesson planning sessions, and lesson debrief sessions as well as video recordings of mathematics lessons. The results from this study demonstrate the importance of professional development that emphasizes language in the teaching of mathematics. As the teacher began to learn about the components of the intervention, she developed specialized knowledge and competencies so that she was able to address language planning and development that was necessary to successfully teach mathematics to English language learners.
With the teaching reform becoming deepened, people have recognized that the roles of teachers should be constantly en⁃riched and re-defined. English teachers must go out of the rigid teaching model to adapt to the development of teaching approach, and then play new roles and become modern English teachers with good quality. This, in turn, further promotes English teaching re⁃form. The realization of the shift of the roles of teachers in class has become an inevitable tendency.
Full Text Available Language is one of the medium of expressing our ideas, feelings and emotions. And if we think about language in present world then English is one of the most used languages in the world and English is used as a second language in Bangladesh. English is introduced here at the primary level and its inclusion continues till the tertiary level of education. Most of the students of the primary schools in rural areas are weak in English language due to lack of skilled and trained teachers who are familiar to the modern methods and approaches of teaching and lack of materials for teaching in the classroom. Primary level English curriculum implementation is essential in Bangladesh to achieve the set English language competency in the rural areas. Students in the rural areas are performing poorly in English compared to their urban counterparts. Statistics showed that there was a gulf of difference between the facilities enjoyed by rural schools and urban schools. The study explores the challenges of teaching English language in rural areas in context of Bangladesh. This study investigated the factors affecting student’s performance in English language in rural areas. Data were collected using interviews, classroom observation and questionnaire. Result of the study reveals that students were highly motivated to learn English for future expectations such as local and international communication, academic advancement and employment prospects. It also provide a scenario of English teaching system in rural areas of Bangladesh as well as the problems and prospects of English language in perspective of Bangladesh. Keywords: English language, rural areas, education, learning and teaching, competency
Linda S. SIEGEL
@@ This article will integrate the four articles in this issue, from the standpoint of understanding the principles and the realities of the Early English Immersion programs in Xi'an China.In addition to reviewing various aspects of the program, future directions will be discussed. The early English immersion program began in 1997 in Xi'an China but the roots of it started more than 40 years ago in Canada.Canada has two official languages, English and French but most areas of this vast country are either predominantly French speaking or predominantly English speaking.French is the first language of a smaller percentage of the population than English but most Canadians want to be bilingual.More that 40 years ago, English speaking parents and teachers in Montreal decided that the students were not really learning to speak French in the traditional model of teaching so they pioneered an educational reform, called French Immersion, in which English speaking children were educated in French from the beginning of their school career.The results of this educational reform have been quite successful and children, who participate in French Immersion programs learn to speak, read and write French.Most never become truly bilingual but they acquire fluency and are quite comfortable speaking French.
Full Text Available Institutions of higher learning carry a burden of inculcating a culture of academic ethical behaviour among students as part of their responsibility to produce citizens of high calibre. In fact, this burden is more expedient and pronounced because of aberrant behaviours such as cheating that can affect institutions’ credibility. This paper therefore looks into potentially the prevalent attitude towards cheating among students in a University College in Oman. The research is carried out qualitatively through video recording a testing session and through unstructured interviews in order to gather evidence of cheating and to establish reasons why students cheat. Most importantly, it seeks to address this attitude by advocating the role that English Language Teaching (ELT plays in dealing with this problem. The main reasonbehind cheating, which seems to reflect the prevailing socio-cultural dimension, is highlighted and measures to address the attitude are put forward.
English as an increasingly widely-used language is critically important in English teaching.But it is not easy for pupils to learn it well for various factors.In that case,body language can benefit both teachers and students.The thesis will clarify the application of it like eye contact,facial expressions and gestures in English teaching of primary school,which can arouse students’ learning interests,create a good study atmosphere,help teachers express themselves and understand students better,enhance the efficiency of English teaching and optimize the course design.
English as an increasingly widely-used language is critically important in English teaching.But it is not easy for pupils to learn it well for various factors.In that case,body language can benefit both teachers and students.The thesis will clarify the application of it like eye contact,facial expressions and gestures in English teaching of primary school,which can arouse students’learning interests,create a good study atmosphere,help teachers express themselves and understand students better,enhance the efficiency of English teaching and optimize the course design.
Passe, Angèle Sancho
Support dual-language learners as they develop the skills necessary for school readiness and success For dual-language learners--children who are learning both English and a home language--the first eight years are crucial for building strong foundations for academic success. During this time, children acquire the early literacy skills needed to…
In daily communication,language differences significantly reflect the nature of cultural difference.To improve students' ability of cross-cultural communication,teachers are not only supposed to make students master language itself,but also should help them to understand cultural differences between their mother language and English.
Mtallo, Godson Robert
This paper is inspired by the work of Phan Le Ha (2008) in her book titled Teaching English as an International Language: Identity, Resistance, and Negotiation in which she presented the way English language is taught in Vietnam and the emergence of conflicting classes of western-trained Vietnamese teachers of English versus non western trained…
Alwehaibi, Huda U.
Students' thinking is an integral part of English language pedagogy. Teachers need the pedagogical competence to teach thinking effectively. This research suggests a program to develop the teaching skills for thinking of pre-service teachers (fourth-year college students) in the English Department of the Faculty of Education at Princess Noura…
This paper describes the condition of ELT(English Language Teaching)in China,analyzes the problems in middleschools' English teaching methods then introduces F.A.(Functional Approach)and its applications. It presents the advantages andsignificance of F.A.by comparing F.A.with common approaches.The disadvantages and possible improvements are also discussedin the paper.
Alirio Bastidas, Jesús; Muñoz Ibarra, Gaby
English teaching in Colombian primary schools became a requirement because of the promulgation of the Law of Education in 1994. Taking into account that this decision produced some difficulties in the schools, a study was conducted to diagnose the state of English language teaching in primary schools in Pasto, Colombia. Data were gathered through…
The current study, as part of an ongoing investigation to examine teacher perceptions about the teaching of English as a global language at the tertiary level education, aims at examining learner perceptions about PowerPoint presentations used in English classroom instruction for enhancement and integration of four language skills and effective…
Shin, Jeeyoung; Eslami, Zohreh R.; Chen, Wen-Chun
The place of culture in teaching English as an international language (EIL) is a complex issue, given the diversity of contexts in which English is currently being used globally. Building on a sociocultural perspective that language use is open to negotiation and is context-dependent, this paper argues that the design and content of…
Allsagoff, Lubna, Ed.; McKay, Sandra Lee, Ed.; Hu, Guangwei, Ed.; Renandya, Willy A., Ed.
What general principles should inform a socioculturally sensitive pedagogy for teaching English as an International Language and what practices would be consistent with these principles? This text explores the pedagogical implications of the continuing spread of English and its role as an international language, highlighting the importance of…
Mukundan, Jayakaran; Nimehchisalem, Vahid; Sayadian, Sima
The present paper reports the findings of a study that investigated the physical and technical characteristics of the English language teaching courseware in Malaysia. A randomly selected group of English language teachers in Malaysia (n = 200) were surveyed to evaluate the courseware. SPSS (18.0) was applied to analyze the data. The results…
The concept of globalization has brought dynamism in each aspect of the world. The changes have also touched the field of English language teaching (ELT) throughout the world. Bangladesh is no more far from that transformation. It has already attempted to the innovation of ELT. The country has moved from long term-practiced Grammar Translation…
The goal of the new English curriculum standards is not just to enhance the ability of using language but also to arrive at a higher reading level.This means that English teachers need change timely teaching methods to improve the existing situation of English reading teaching.The purpose of the research is not only to explore how to arouse students’interest in reading but to explore some practical and effective teaching methods to improve teaching effectiveness in the future junior middle school English reading lesson.
To acquire the real communicative competence for language learners calls for not only the linguistic knowledge but also the ability to use the language appropriately. But many empirical studies have manifested that Chinese learners of English are quite fragile in pragmatic competence. Thus, the author mainly depicts in this paper the necessity of cultivating pragmatic competence and ways to enhance English learners’ pragmatic competence by exploring into pragmalinguistic failure and sociopragmatic failure.
As the speakership of English worldwide continues to grow, English language teachers are required to devise ways to prepare their learners for communicating successfully across cultures. As pragmatics is particularly tied up with culture, the ways in which individuals from different cultures will orient to pragmatic phenomena in their interaction…
Full Text Available India is a multilingual country. English is the second most important language in the country after the national language Hindi since it is taught as a compulsory subject in all the Indian schools. In the educational system of a multilingual country, it becomes imperative to improve the English Language teaching skills of the school teachers who come from various linguistic backgrounds. The school teacher plays a vital role in the development of linguistic skills of the students. What children learn can affect their later success or failure in school, work, and their personal lives. As such, the school teachers need to improve their own English language skills if they are teaching without any previous English language training. This paper throws light on the communicative approach of English language teaching. It introduces the Certificate in Teaching of English (CTE programme of the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU and outlines the syllabus and the methods used by the university to impart English Language Teaching skills to the elementary/secondary school teachers through this programme with the objective to enhance teacher’s understanding of the learners and their learning process.
Wenzhong, Zhu; Muchun, Wan
Second language acquisition (SLA) as a sub-branch of applied linguistics has been researched by Chinese and foreign scholars for over 40 years, but few researches have been done on its implications for Business English teaching which needs more language teaching theories to support. This paper makes a review of related studies, and puts forward a…
Semiotics is a progressing and promising discipline with its applications in many fields of study. As a bridge between semiotics and foreign language teaching (FLT), educational semiotics has started to attract attention of many scholars, English Language Teaching (ELT) instructors and teachers all over the world. It is obvious that the…
Fahrutdinova, Rezida A.; Fahrutdinov, Rifat R.; Yusupov, Rinat N.
The relevance of the topic is specified by the necessity of forming the communicative competence of students in the process of teaching of the English language in the institute of higher education. This article is intended to define interactive methods of teaching foreign language, which are based on interactive conception of interaction between…
Through this case study the author explores how an exemplary teacher utilized social studies curriculum and pedagogy to engage English language learners (ELLs) in learning in a culturally relevant and meaningful way and discusses practical implications for teaching and learning.
The teaching of English in China started with the establishment of the Interpreters' College in 1862 as a response to the pressure of Western imperialist powers, but also for the purpose of China's self-strengthening and modernization. For a long time, however, owing to political and ideological reasons, English was taught as a language, while English literature and Western culture were suppressed as politically suspect and dangerous. As a result, graduates from China's English departments are generally ill-equipped to communicate effectively and to deal with the task they face in today's competitive world for lack of literary competence and cultural knowledge. We need to reexamine the entire curricula and design courses not only in English literature and culture, but in Chinese and comparative studies as well so that we may produce students with better linguistic skills, adequate cultural knowledge, and a mature and critical mind.%中国有英语教学,始自1862年同文馆之建立.由于种种原因,中国的英语教学长期以来只片面强调语言基本功的训练,而忽视了文学和文化背景的认识.结果是学生既缺乏对西方文化的了解,又缺乏中国传统文化知识.没有跨文化交往的能力,也就不能应付他们面临的实际工作.我们必须重新审视教学内容,不仅设置英国文学和西方文化的课程,而且设置用英语讲授中国文化和比较研究的课程,以求培养出既有语言表达能力,又有文化修养和独立批判精神的优秀学生.
Full Text Available Competency-based curriculum has been widely implemented by many higher institutions in Indonesia. It is expected that the competency-based curriculum, which puts more emphasis on the needs of job market, prepare students for specified tasks. Competency in a general sense can be seen from the task performance. English language competency is one of the basic competencies which should be acquired by a university graduate in order to enter international market and survive the global competition. The institution which offers English language as part of their curriculum must answer the demand for an English language competent graduate by preparing the best way to teach the language. This article examines the steps to develop a competency-based English language teaching where student's attitude and achievement comprise the important segments of evaluation. It focuses on the challenges, which will probably be faced by the teachers in implementing this competency-based teaching at the university level.
Discusses the challenges faced by English-as-a-Foreign-Language teachers in the Arabian Gulf. Seeks to identify structural and contextual issues that have contributed to the present state of language education there. Focuses on four central contributing aspects; contextual framework, human resource development, systems and standards, and research…
The EPA has developed the Teach English, Teach about the Environment curriculum to help you teach English to adult students while introducing basic concepts about the environment and individual environmental responsibility.
This article discusses English language teaching in Thailand through a biographical case study of a teacher working in a government school in the rural north-east. It explores a particular context of teaching and learning, showing how an individual comes to be a teacher and deals with the day-to-day demands of teaching, as well as reflecting on…
Tricomi, Elizabeth Taylor
Summarizes Stephen Krashen's work on second language acquisition (involving the distinction between language acquisition and language learning). Discusses several techniques for teaching "Edited American English" in light of Krashen's theory, including error-based exercises and guided editing. Indicates which techniques help or impede…
Communicative Language Teaching(CLT) has become a driving force in English Language Teaching programs in most parts of the world.It is based on the assumption that students can more easily develop language skills if the language is related to their lives and if they are given sufficient opportunity to practice them with their peers.This approach considers communicative competence as its goal of teaching.In this paper,the author tries to explore the application of Communicative Language Teaching to English teaching in vocational schools in China.To begin with,the author gives a brief introduction to Communicative Language Teaching and vocational education in China,followed by the theoretical framework.Then,the application of CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China is elaborated in detail.Finally,the author gets the conclusion that English teaching in vocational schools must consider training students’ communicative competence as its final target and a difficulty is noted by the author in terms of applying CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China.
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) has become a driving force in English Language Teaching programs in most parts of the world.It is based on the assumption that students can more easily develop language skills if the language is related to their lives and if they are given sufficient opportunity to practice them with their peers.This approach considers communicative competence as its goal of teaching.In this paper,the author tries to explore the application of Communicative Language Teaching to English teaching in vocational schools in China.To begin with,the author gives a brief introduction to Communicative Language Teaching and vocational education in China,followed by the theoretical framework.Then,the application of CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China is elaborated in detail.Finally,the author gets the conclusion that English teaching in vocational schools must consider training students' communicative competence as its final target and a difficulty is noted by the author in terms of applying CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China.
with the limitation of students' vocabulary,teachers have to simplify their teaching language with the help of facial expressions and body movements.so body language has been widely used in communication in and out of class.it can be vocal language' s vital complement by intensifying the language information retention and leaving the students deeper impression.it helps the students to improve listening,speaking,reading and writing level and help the teachers achieve a higher teaching goal and further mutual understanding.
Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) has widely been utilized in language education and frequently been written about in many professional journals. But yet, Japanese educators have written about it in their field of expertise whereas English educators have done the same in theirs ; hence, the collaboration between them has rarely been done on the topic. Here, in this article, Yoshida and Masuyama, teaching English and Japanese languages respectively, will explain how they have been uti...
Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.
This document is the first in a 3-part collection titled "Teaching English Language Arts (ELA) to Francophone Program Students" to be used primarily by ELA teachers in their efforts to ensure that francophone program students build on their established French language skills when learning English. It is designed to show that a strong correlation…
尹书亮; 谷攀; 黄恋尧; 万娅; 余婷
本文简要评述了Michele.Maxom.的Teaching English as a Foreign Language for Dummies一书，该书是由约翰威立国际出版公司（John. Wiley.&. Sons,. Inc.）于2009年出版。本文首先指出了该书对于英语教师尤其是新手英语教师的重要性，然后对其基本内容进行了简单介绍，之后指出了该书的闪光点及可能存在的不足之处，最后提出了该书对当代中国英语教学的指导意义。笔者希望通过对该书的评述，可以使更多的英语教师尤其是新手英语教师掌握更多的英语教学基本方法，提高英语教学效率，领会英语教学的本质。
Muhammad Arif Soomro
Full Text Available Teaching industry of English as a second or foreign language has grown massively in recent times in Pakistan. There are many public sectors universities and English academies established all over Pakistan offering English language proficiency courses. Therefore, this wave led to conduct this research. The purpose of conducting this study was to investigate contemporary pedagogical techniques used for teaching and learning English and to introduce the concept of ESL /EFL Best Practices for effective language teaching in Pakistan. Purposive Sampling method was used to collect the information from respondents regarding their contemporary-used teaching techniques in ESL/EFL class. The questionnaire was implied as the main tool for data collection among twenty English language teachers from two public sector universities. The results of the study indicated that teachers were attached with some outdated techniques and activities secondly, they also faced problems applying new techniques while teaching in a large multilevel classrooms, thirdly, teachers’ had willingness to adopt and employ innovative techniques in classrooms and lastly, the notion of ESL best practices was uncommon among them. Most of the teaching strategies do not create better learning environment, and learners do not interestingly participate due outdated activities. Therefore, the suggested solution was utilizing best practices that are based on modern techniques, approaches considerable for multiple levels depending upon the needs and developmental state of the individual learners. Keywords: pedagogical strategies, ESL/EFL Best Practices, Pakistani teachers, English teaching/learning
The place of native and non-native speakers in the role of English teachers has probably been an issue ever since English was taught internationally. Although ESL and EFL literature is awash, in fact dependent upon, the scrutiny of non-native learners, interest in non-native academics and teachers is fairly new. Until recently, the voices of non-native speakers articulating their own concerns have been even rarer. This book is a response to this notable vacuum in the ELT literature, providing a forum for language educators from diverse geographical origins and language backgrounds. In additio
Romanova, M. V.
The focus of the article is set upon one of the recent trends in Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL), particularly the programme of Dogme or Teaching Unplugged, which raises a rather burning issue of overusage of supportive materials as well as information technologies in the classroom. The basic concepts of the Dogme approach are critically analyzed with a special emphasis on their potential for the current language teaching context in Russia.
Celia Morales Palma
Teaching a foreign language is a tricky business, and it is not as straightforward as one could suspect. Even though you will be teaching something you have learnt during a life time, the way of teaching and the cultural differences you may encounter will make this a very tough task. In this article, useful tools and resources are presented. The aim is for this article to serve as a guide for new teachers of English as a Foreign Language (TEFL)
ach culture in English education.This paper expounds the connotation of culture and language, points out the reasons of culture teaching in English education, and raises some suggestions and methods on English culture teaching.
Bilgin, Sezen Seymen
Code switching involves the interplay of two languages and as well as serving linguistic functions, it has social and psychological implications. In the context of English language teaching, these psychological implications reveal themselves as teachers' thought processes. While the nature of code switching in language classrooms has been widely…
Lin, Tzu-Bin; Wu, Chiao-Wen
After introducing new curriculum guidelines during education reform, the Taiwan Ministry of Education has taken the lead in integrating a communicative approach into the new English language curriculum. Task-based language teaching (TBLT) is viewed as a realisation of communicative language teaching and is one of the most popular English language…
The teaching of English in China has been put into practice for many years. Though educators in China have been seeking the appropriate methodology for English language teaching, the results have not been satisfactory. In this paper, I wil explore chal enges of teaching English, especial y the chal enges facing students and teachers in China, including some of my personal experiences.
Davari, Hossein; Aghagolzadeh, Ferdows; Golfam, Arsalan; Kambuziya, Aliyeh Kord Zafaranlu
The worldwide spread of English, especially through the tenets and assumptions of the mainstream English language teaching (ELT) has had ideological, socio-cultural and political implications in the field of education. Reviewing these tenets and assumptions, this paper attempts to reveal this growing industry through publicizing the spread of…
The small sultanate of Brunei, located on the island of Borneo in the South China Sea, introduced bilingual education shortly after independence. As a consequence, Brunei's Ministry of Education outsourced much of its English language teaching requirements to qualified expatriate teachers. Despite over 25 years of systemic English language…
This research aims to determine the preference of prospective English teachers in performing computer and paper-based reading tasks and to what extent computer and paper-based reading influence their reading speed, accuracy and comprehension. The research was conducted at a State run University, English Language Teaching Department in Turkey. The…
As the English teaching and learning methods reforms,the class circumstances become more and more important.With the help of facial expressions and body movements,teachers can easily solve the reality of the limitation of students ’ vocabulary.The paper a
Nguyen, Hong Thi; Warren, Wendy; Fehring, Heather
This paper reports part of a study that aims to explore factors affecting the efficacy of non-major English teaching and learning in Vietnamese higher education through an investigation of classroom practices. Eight non-participant class observations were conducted at HUTECH University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The study's findings show that…
The best-selling complete course for a fun and effective way to learn English as a foreign language. This ISBN is for the paperback book. The corresponding audio support (ISBN: 9781444105483) is also available. The book and audio support can also be purchased as a pack (ISBN: 9781444102376).
Charles F. Meyer
Full Text Available This article explores how the Web can serve as a resource for teaching modality in English to prospective teachers of ESL, EFL and ESP. The first section demonstrates how texts taken from two different registers on the Web can be used to teach epistemic modality (e.g. how modal verbs such as may and could express notions of probability and certainty. The second section explores how the Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English (MICASE can be searched to study deontic modality, specifically how the expressions should and might want to are used by teachers and advisors to give advice to students. The discussion demonstrates that teaching grammar is most effective when it is based on real data rather than contrived and decontextualized examples in grammar books.
British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.
A survey of the status and use of the English language in Algeria is presented. The following topics are outlined: (1) the role of English as a third language, (2) its place within the educational system at all levels and in each graduate institution, (3) the status of British expatriates teaching English in Algeria and of Algerian teachers of…
Andréa Machado de Almeida Mattos
Full Text Available The new literacies studies encompass a notion of language as social practice (BRANDT; CLINTON, 2002 and the understanding that it is necessary to foster the development of critical thinking citizens/students (BRASIL, 2006, aiming at social change. This paper aims to introduce the theories of New Literacies (BAYNHAM; PRINSLOO, 2009; LANKSHEAR; KNOBEL, 2003; STREET, 1984 and its relevance to research in the field of teaching English as a foreign language and teacher education. It presents and discusses a group of recent theories that serve as the theoretical basis for a possible epistemological change in teaching English as a foreign language, especially in public schools.
In this essay, the author describes principles for equitable mathematics teaching practices for English Language Learners (ELLs) and outlines guidelines for materials to support such practices. Although research cannot provide a recipe for equitable teaching practices for ELLs, teachers, educators, and administrators can use this set of…
Mirhosseini, Seyyed-Abdolhamid; Ghafar Samar, Reza
Mainstream trends of English language teaching (ELT) are predominantly constructed within the epistemological boundaries shaped by the traditional conceptions of linguistics, learning, and teaching as well as positivist research methodology. What tends to be overshadowed by such conceptions is the underlying foundational belief structure of ELT…
Aly, Mahsoub Abdul-Sadeq
Although there are many websites designed and published on the Internet for learning and teaching English, little use of them is done by both Egyptian EFL teachers and students. The textbook is usually their main concern and focus. That is why the present study draws more light on the importance of language teaching and learning websites and…
Anh, Kieu Hang Kim
Drawing upon the literature on the history of the language teaching methods focusing on the use of L1 in L2 teaching, the debate surrounding the role of L1 in the L2 classroom in general and in the English classroom in particular and recent studies of the issue, this article presents at its core a study that investigated the attitudes of…
Gao, Xuesong; Benson, Phil
The teaching practicum is a pivotal event for pre-service teachers to experience the transition from being students to being teachers. This paper examines the emergence of "unruly pupils" as a central concern for pre-service English language teachers in their teaching practicum. The inquiry relates the pre-service teachers' perceived challenge of…
Chen; Yiying; Guo; Yiyi
Teachers’ language is one important part in college English teaching.Politeness is regarded as a powerful strategy in dealing with interpersonal interaction.Based on Lakoff’s Polite Model,Leech’s Politeness Principle,and Brown & Levinson’s Politeness Theory,the author of this paper aims to explore politeness in teachers’ language in the classroom context.
Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL…
Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL instructors'…
In spite of the urgent need for research into the socio-political contexts of the teaching and learning of English as a second/foreign language, the predominant paradigm of inquiry into EFL in the Chinese context still focuses on the functional aspects of second language education. In order to provide a critical understanding of the larger context…
Culture is inseparable from language teaching and learning. Learning the target culture may arouse students’cultural awareness and avoid cultural misunderstanding in cross-cultural communications. It is important to integrate cultural learning within English language classrooms. This essay discusses the techniques of achieving this integration.
This paper describes some strategies of teaching English language. Special attention was paid to adult learning, writing problem and some others. The aim of the paper is to show advantages of intensive learning of English language
British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.
This profile of the English language teaching situation in Mexico examines the role of English in society and in the educational system. It is noted that the extent to which English is used in Mexico is affected by the country's proximity to the United States. The educational system is described, with emphasis on English instruction which begins…
Full Text Available The online course offerings have grown exponentially globally since the turn of the 21st century - be they as a primary mode of instruction or as a supplement to traditional face-to-face classroom instruction, and this phenomenon is most noticeable in higher education. More recently, the new technology has also been integrated into the English as a Foreign Language,henceforth called EFL, classrooms. This article argues that the notion of technology-enhanced language learning is not just an intriguing idea – it is a necessity, for it has a great potential to offer in facilitating the development of English language proficiency of EFL learners through computer-mediated communication. Additionally, it contends that the new technology can potentially address most, if not all, of the shortcomings inherent to the EFL classroom including, but not limited to, lack of exposure to the target language, lack of practice, and lack of learning resources. Theoretical implications of technology-enhanced language teaching and learning will also be explored.
Anchimbe, Eric A.
Full Text Available This paper discusses English language teaching (ELT around the world, and argues that as a profession, it should emphasise pedagogical competence rather than native-speaker requirement in the recruitment of teachers in English as a foreign language (EFL and English as a second language (ESL contexts. It establishes that being a native speaker does not make one automatically a competent speaker or, of that matter, a competent teacher of the language. It observes that on many grounds, including physical, sociocultural, technological and economic changes in the world as well as the status of English as official and national language in many post-colonial regions, the distinction between native and non-native speakers is no longer valid.
Full Text Available The paper is concerned with methodological aspects of using Case studies in Business English language teaching at University level. It emphasizes the benefits and opportunities of the Case study method as well as the role Case studies play in practicing and developing language, business communication and managerial skills. The paper analyses Case study as an example of Task-Based Learning (TBL method which focuses on communicative approach towards problem solving tasks presented in authentic Case studies. The paper deals with language and subject matter integration in the creation and implementation of Case studies in the Business English classroom which involves collaborative work of English language and subject matter lecturers. The integrated approach strengthens both students’ subject matter knowledge and language competence. The result of lecturer collaboration is the creation of Case study “Rukisu teja” which is based on a real Latvian family-run business and can be incorporated into both Business English and Entrepreneurship courses.
The author supposes that there is a big gap between vocabulary and text in the course of second languageacquisition.Ignorance of individual sentence training to acquire language sense in the CET coursemight be one of the reasons to account for the failure of many students to be speakers of English afterthey graduate.Students should be encouraged to read and recite some model sentences and articles so asto gain a certain language sense as hardware and supporting materials in linguitic communication.Thus confidence is obtained and the gap between vocabulary and text can be easily jumped over.
This paper reports on the practice of English language teaching for first-year university students, with the intention of coordinating classroom teaching and individualized learning. A Web-Based Training (WBT) system is used to overcome two problems: 1) productive skills classes are so large that language activities are often difficult to conduct: 2) receptive skills classes are still larger, such that it is often difficult to confirm each student's progress. Under the condition that the tota...
Patience Adjahoe Karlsson 1974
This thesis takes sources from existing literature, personal experiences and a classroom-based study aimed at discovering how storytelling can be adapted in the ninth and tenth grade to help achieve the goals of the National Curriculum (2007) of Iceland in regards to English language teaching, Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), and specifically, to improve students’ skills in writing and speaking. My findings are based on action research design targeted at exploring the benefits of st...
English has been acknowledged as the most important foreign language in China for many years, and English teaching and learning now occupies the attention of mil ions of Chinese. Despite the great efforts that have been put into English teaching and learning, English proficiency of many Chinese learners stil leave much to be desired, and it poses great chal enges for English teachers and educators even our educational system as a whole. In this paper, I wil make some recommendations for improving the existing situation for English language teaching in China.
Shraiber, E. G.; Yaroslavova, E. N.
The article aims at topicality of drama techniques in teaching English as a second language at University which provides the basis for the development of linguistic and social skills of students as well as their personality and potentials. The main goal of the article is to disclose benefits of applying the drama teaching method in foreign language teaching and foreign language learning. The special emphasis is made upon role-plays as one of the most powerful drama-based techniques to be used...
Jesús Alirio Bastidas
Full Text Available English teaching in Colombian primary schools became a requirement because of the promulgation of the Law of Education in 1994. Taking into account that this decision produced some difficulties in the schools, a study was conducted to diagnose the state of English language teaching in primary schools in Pasto, Colombia. Data were gathered through classroom observation, a questionnaire, and interviews. The results showed that teachers are not well versed either in methodology or in the command of the English language; there was no English syllabus; didactic materials were nonexistent; and the children’s lack of motivation was the most critical problem. Teachers, institutions and the government have to take into account these findings in order to improve English learning in primary schools.
With the development of the society, especially with China's entry into WTO,English is badly needed in various fields. English learning has been a fashion not only in college, but also in the society. However. how to let the students learn English in an efficient and interesting way is still a hard nut to those teachers. At present, the knowledge in the textbooks is so limited and impractical, trying to use other materials maybe a useful way to solve this problem to some extent. With my ten-years teaching experiences in college, I've found that using English newspaper or magazine articles to teach English language skills is a very good way, for their uses of language is very up-to-date and attractive. This article is discussing this method in details
Goorhuis-Brouwer, Sieneke; de Bot, Kees
This article reports on the outcomes of a project aimed at the evaluation of early English language teaching (EELT) in Dutch primary education, starting at age 4. Between 2003 and 2008 four cohorts of first- and second-grade children receiving one to three hours of English language teaching per week
In the context of globalisation, intercultural teaching has been suggested as an objective in English as lingua franca (ELF) education, which has challenged English teachers in acquiring the intercultural communicative competence (ICC) in English language teaching (ELT). However, empirical research exploring the intercultural capabilities and…
Mackinney, Erin; Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia
This article examines how Arizona's teachers of English learners negotiate between restrictive language policies and complex teaching conditions. This case study explores how middle school teachers in an urban school district make sense of the 4-hour English language development block, Arizona's recent English-only policy. Findings indicate that…
Zaenab S. Abdul Majeed
Full Text Available This study is aimed to investigate the situation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT course taught in English language in secondary schools in Pahang, Malaysia. From a social point of view the study examines teachers’ attitude towards and applications of computer to further reveal the chances of their use of English language in the classroom. The objective data is collected from school teachers by using questionnaires and interviews. The data analysis is conducted through T-test the statistic results show that a good master of computer skills, a good knowledge of English language, more vitally, a clear awareness of the importance from the perspective of teachers, facilitate the teaching of computers in English language in the classroom. Thus, it suggests that in order to successfully integrate computers in education, the education system needs to be changed or to be adjusted accordingly.
Enhancing the ability of oral communication is the general trend of language teaching in China. Through analyzing the characteristics of International Economics and Trade Major, this paper identifies and analyses contextual factors in English Lan⁃guage Teaching in the major, and discusses the practices of communicative language teaching which could be adapted to this con⁃text, in which learners are undergraduates of International Economics and Trade, then the importance and difficulties of the teach⁃ing approach has been highlighted.
Anner, Catherine M.
We read, study, write, go to conferences and all in all develop our knowledge, but when we find ourselves in certain situations, new situations, our know-how will only be part of what we need. Our skills will be the instrument that our senses will guide to proper use. Experience forms us and with a certain touch of inspiration we can advance in our field with an attitude that will bring us into the reciprocal cycle of teaching. Let us have a closer look at how inspiration helped an English-as...
Cooperative learning,as a new organizational form of teaching,has been more and more widely used in English language teaching.It has broken the traditional teacher-centered teaching mode.Nowadays,it has been regarded as a creative and effective teaching theory and strategy.In order to get more insights into cooperative learning,which is not only a way of learning but also a teaching strategy,a study on the application of cooperative learning has been made from several aspects:theoretical basis,applica-tion and evaluation.
Teaching Grammar, Structure and Meaning introduces teachers to some basic ideas from the increasingly popular field of cognitive linguistics as a way of explaining and teaching key grammatical concepts. Particularly suitable for those teaching post-16 English Language, this book offers a methodology for teaching key aspects of linguistic form and an extensive set of learning activities. Written by an experienced linguist and teacher, this book contains:· an evaluation of current approaches to the teaching of grammar and linguistic form· a revised pedagogy based on principles from cognitive sci
mustafa naci kayaoğlu
Full Text Available Language teachers in Turkey do not take a standard pre-service education as graduates of English Language Teaching (ELT, linguistics, and translation departments all end up with language teaching profession and this, in turn, results in different teaching needs and concerns. The researchers argue that these different concerns may be one of the underlying causes of chronic language education problems in Turkey, in that Turkish Ministry of National Education does not take into consideration the comparative picture of practicing teachers and composes curricula, teaching materials, and compulsory one-shot professional development activities that all reflect “one size fits all” ideology. Therefore, determining the needs and concerns of pre-service language teachers is of vital importance. The current study has arisen from Griffith’s (2012 call for more larger-scale studies on teacher concerns across different contexts via triangulation. The researchers aim at not only investigating teacher concerns but also painting a much detailed comparative picture between ELT and linguistics department prospective teachers. The researchers target convenience sampling, in the full knowledge that this group will not represent the whole population. However, this type of non-probability sampling can serve well when it is easy to gather much informative data. Building on the recent work of Griffiths (2012, the researchers have modified and extended the existing measurement tool of Griffiths (2012 to investigate the issue much deeper and compensate the caveats. They adapted her instrument and asked the participants to add their thoughts as well as deciding their concern level. The results are mainly in line with the referred study in terms of the rating and frequency. The study reveals that there are some differences between the concerns of ELT department students and language and literature department students. While prospective teachers studying at the
mustafa naci kayaoğlu
Full Text Available Language teachers in Turkey do not take a standard pre-service education as graduates of English Language Teaching (ELT, linguistics, and translation departments all end up with language teaching profession and this, in turn, results in different teaching needs and concerns. The researchers argue that these different concerns may be one of the underlying causes of chronic language education problems in Turkey, in that Turkish Ministry of National Education does not take into consideration the comparative picture of practicing teachers and composes curricula, teaching materials, and compulsory one-shot professional development activities that all reflect “one size fits all” ideology. Therefore, determining the needs and concerns of pre-service language teachers is of vital importance. The current study has arisen from Griffith’s (2012 call for more larger-scale studies on teacher concerns across different contexts via triangulation. The researchers aim at not only investigating teacher concerns but also painting a much detailed comparative picture between ELT and linguistics department prospective teachers. The researchers target convenience sampling, in the full knowledge that this group will not represent the whole population. However, this type of non-probability sampling can serve well when it is easy to gather much informative data. Building on the recent work of Griffiths (2012, the researchers have modified and extended the existing measurement tool of Griffiths (2012 to investigate the issue much deeper and compensate the caveats. They adapted her instrument and asked the participants to add their thoughts as well as deciding their concern level. The results are mainly in line with the referred study in terms of the rating and frequency. The study reveals that there are some differences between the concerns of ELT department students and language and literature department students. While prospective teachers studying at the
Culture teaching has been considered to be a very important element in foreign language teaching.Since English has become an international language,this paper mainly talks about the relationship between culture and English teaching.There are three parts in this paper: I. The role of culture in English teaching;Ⅱ.Culture teaching methods in the English classroom;Ⅲ.A danger in teaching cultures in English class.
Full Text Available Indonesian ELT is complex for numerous reasons, and the level of students‟ outcome has been regarded unsatisfactory by a number of researchers and academics. This paper considers ICT as one of possible alternatives to deal with the complexity of Indonesian ELT and to improve its outcomes. It widely explores ICT integration in English LTL, especially on how ICT has been used in this field. It further investigates the benefits and challenges of integrating ICT in LTL. The paper argues that the integration of ICT is promising for changing and improving the effectiveness of the current Indonesian ELT condition when it is carried out in line with the effective LTL principles. The integration of ICT will enable teachers to vary teaching and learning activities, to gradually change the teaching style to be more student-centred, to train students to have more active role in learning, and to access a huge range of authentic learning materials. The paper also acknowledges the contraints that will emerge in an effort of integrating ICT in Indonesian English LTL. Hence, some recommedations for action are proposed at the end.
Nhapulo, Marcos Abilio
Full Text Available Recent studies have suggested that teacher and learner beliefs about second language instruction have a significant influence on language teaching and learning process and, consequently, on students’ achievements. However, in the Mozambican context, we still do not have studies focusing on learner and teacher beliefs about students and language proficiency, about teaching materials, about individual and cultural variations and beliefs about the learning process itself. Using questionnaires and a focus group report, we look at the Mozambican linguistic profile, the learner and teacher beliefs and their influence in tertiary English Language Teaching (ELT and learning. The results show that there is a need for creating an environment in which teachers’ and learners’ cultural background, beliefs and needs are considered so as to enable teachers to teach effectively, as well as enabling learners to achieve positive learning outcomes.
Jaatinen, Riitta; Saarivirta, Toni
This study describes the evolution of English language teaching in Finland and looks into the connections of the societal and educational changes in the country as explanatory factors in the process. The results of the study show that the language teaching methodology and the status of foreign languages in Finland are clearly connected to the…
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop an inventory of behaviours and attitudes expected of English language teaching (ELT) professionals in a services context. Design/methodology/approach: A two-stage Delphi method using ELT expert panellists, comprising managers and owners from the ELT sector. Delphi is indicated for complex problems,…
Multiculturalism becomes the buzzword in educational fields. The implication of multiculturalism is critically examined to appreciate its relevance to English language teaching. Critical multiculturalism is advocated whereby L2 learners need to examine how social and historical discourses construct their identities and have a critical reflection…
Mathews, Sarah A.
This article highlights the use of Shaun Tan's "The Arrival" to teach literacy to English Language Learners in social studies classrooms. The featured text is a book that displays the complexity of migration within a text that does not feature a single written word. The author describes a variety of mini-lessons geared towards…
In the last two years, English language teaching at the level of basic education in China has been changing very fast due to the new Standard Curriculum. The paper takes a school in the northwest of China as an example, illustrating the process of implementing the Curriculum, summarizing the work the school has done, the problems encountered and…
Chang, Yu-Ju; Wu, Chun-Te; Ku, Heng-Yu
The authors examine the results of introducing electronic portfolios in teaching and assessing English as a Foreign Language in Taiwan. The research participants were 37 eighth-grade Taiwanese students from one class at a public junior high school in a middle-range socioeconomic community of Taichung, Taiwan. Results show an overwhelmingly…
This paper explores the field of post-compulsory English Language Teaching (ELT) management research, enquiring into its identity, legitimacy and development, by identifying and discussing issues, problems, and controversies. It reviews the nature of the ELT sector as a predominantly commercial educational service with a significant role in "inner…
König, Johannes; Lammerding, Sandra; Nold, Günter; Rohde, Andreas; Strauß, Sarah; Tachtsoglou, Sarantis
Despite an increasing research interest in subject-specific teacher knowledge, the scientific understanding regarding teachers' professional knowledge for teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) is very limited. This study therefore applies standardized tests to directly assess content knowledge (CK), pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), and…
Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter
Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China and across the world. However, Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language academics' research output has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This case study…
Öz, Hüseyin; Efecioglu, Emine
This article reports the findings of a study that investigated the role of graphic novels in teaching English as a foreign language (EFL) to International Baccalaureate students (aged 15-16) in TED Ankara College Foundation Private High School. Two intact 10th grade classes were randomly assigned to the control and experimental groups who studied…
The article seeks to investigate the methods of teaching and learning English as an additional language in primary education, and to identify the most appropriate and effective means of achieving this. The study tracks a cohort of children from reception to Year 2. Data collection draws on the strengths of both qualitative and quantitative…
Reach all of your English language learners with the effective and engaging approaches in this book. It's filled with practical tools, strategies, and real-world vignettes that will help you teach reading and writing to a diverse student population. The book features "Mental Energizers," aptitudes that will help sustain your commitment as you work…
Xu, Shelley Hong
Grounded in research and practical expertise, this volume helps K-6 teachers skillfully support all of their English language learners (ELLs)--from a single student to an entire classroom. Ideas for teaching ELLs across different grade and proficiency levels include ways to link instruction to students' lived experiences, use a variety of…
Aronin, Larissa; Spolsky, Bernard
The goal of this article is to make research on English language teaching and learning published locally in Israel more widely available. Given that so many Israeli researchers are internationally trained and maintain wide connections, it necessarily omits much important work that appears in European and US journals. It focuses on shorter studies,…
Jaffee, Ashley Taylor
This in-depth qualitative case study explores how one social studies teacher implemented teaching Global History for Latino/a English Language Learners (ELLs) in an urban newcomer high school. Using a framework for culturally and linguistically relevant citizenship education, this article seeks to highlight how the teacher discussed, designed,…
Porto, Melina; Montemayor-Borsinger, Ann; López-Barrios, Mario
In this article we review research on English as a foreign language (EFL) teaching and learning published in Argentina between 2007 and 2013. This is the first review of a Latin American country in this series. Argentina has a century-long tradition of training EFL teachers but a comparatively shorter though fruitful history of foreign language…
Devimeenakshi, K.; Maheswari, C. N. Baby
The article gives information on English language teaching schemes in Indian classrooms for foreign students. The teacher monitors as facilitator and instructor. The trainees were trained in the four macro skills, LSRW. I taught some topics in three skills, namely, writing, listening and reading (just three, not speaking skills) to Chinese…
Hafner, Christoph A.
As a result of recent developments in digital technologies, new genres as well as new contexts for communication are emerging. In view of these developments, this article argues that the scope of English language teaching be expanded beyond the traditional focus on speech and writing to the production of multimodal ensembles, drawing on a range of…
Ozmen, Kemal Sinan; Kinik, Betul
The present review focuses on the doctoral programs and dissertations in the field of English language teaching between the period 2010 and 2015 in Turkey to reveal how the latest reforms on higher education shaped the programs, supervisors, students and dissertations. This research focus requires immediate attention as there is not yet an…
Abdallah, Mahmoud Mohammad Sayed
The present paper explores the process of integrating the Internet into the field of English language teaching in the light of the following points: the general importance of the Internet in our everyday lives shedding some light on the increasing importance of the Internet as a new innovation in our modern life; benefits of using the Internet in…
Ogeyik, Muhlise Cosgun
Linguistic courses in ELT (English Language Teaching) departments, in some ways, may create obstacles due to their firm theoretical framework. Therefore, this study is concerned with the main problems for the students taking linguistic courses in ELT Department at Trakya University in Turkey. The purpose of the study is to investigate the…
Hung, Nguyen Viet
This paper is a part in a bigger research project related to ELT quality in secondary schools in Vietnam since the implementation of the new series of English textbooks was officially passed by in 2006, and the innovated direction was paid to task-based language teaching (TBLT). The purpose of this paper is to make argumentation on why, what and…
The author reviews exemplary strategies for teaching reading to middle grades English language learners (ELLs) derived from 21 peer-reviewed journal articles and professional books. The author presents an in-depth look at three successful categories of reading strategies: interactive read-alouds to model fluent reading and engage learners, the…
Dogoriti, Evriklea; Pange, Jenny; Anderson, Gregory S.
Purpose: The use of web-enhanced teaching of the English as a foreign language in higher education in Greece is addressed in this case study which examines the student's perceptions of online instruction using Moodle as a learning management system (LMS), with and without the use of Facebook (FB) as an adjunctive learning platform. The merging of…
Scott, Pamela J.
This study examines through Conversation Analysis (CA) the way requests for action are interactionally accomplished in naturally occurring spontaneous conversation, and uses the findings as the basis for an evaluation of the way requests are presented in published English language teaching (ELT) materials. The following areas are discussed: (1)…
Sociolinguistics sheds on the reform of College English teaching and learning. This study method exerts strong influence on College English teaching and learning especially through culture and texts.The article gives a brief introduction to the basic theo
Ⅰ.introductionsince 1980s,changes have been made in the field of elt in china:communicative language teaching has been introduced.english textbooks and syllabus which put more emphasis on the training of students ' communicauive competence including listening and speaking have been produced since 1990s in line with the policy of the state education development commission ( sedc) in china the teaching syllabus has also been adjusted to match the needs for clt.
Ⅰ.IntroductionSince 1980s,changes have been made in the field of ELT in China:Communicative language teaching has been introduced.English textbooks and syllabus which put more emphasis on the training of students ' communicauive competence including listening and speaking have been produced since 1990s in line with the policy of the State Education Development Commission ( SEDC) in China The teaching syllabus has also been adjusted to match the needs for CLT.
To teach English, various approaches and methods have aroused wide concerns for many years. This article attempts to discuss similarities and differences between the Audiolingual Method and Total Physical Response(TPR)from the aspects that are the theories of both language and learning, and the roles of learners and the teacher. At the same time, it tries to show the strengths and limitations of these two methods, and further explores fitted teaching contexts of the Audiolingual Method and TPR.
Liyanage, Indika; Walker, Tony; Bartlett, Brendan; Guo, Xuhong
Culturally specific language practices related to vernacular uses of taboo language such as swearing represent a socially communicative minefield for learners of English. The role of classroom learning experiences to prepare learners for negotiation of taboo language use in social interactions is correspondingly complicated and ignored in much of…
A complete teaching guide is presented for teaching English as a second language (ESL) according to the Total Physical Response (TPR) approach as was researched by James J. Asher of San Jose (California) State University. The method is based on the following premises: (1) understanding the spoken language should be developed far in advance of…
Fox, C H; Meijer, F
Acquisition of an advanced medical degree beyond licensure and specialization is advantageous and encouraged in Swedish medical education. Since a thesis and a number of published works, usually in English are required, there is considerable interest in medical writing by doctors and medical scientists. A voluntary course in 'Biomedical Authorship' which included presentation of oral reports was offered by the Karolinska Institutes' Medical Faculty. This course was intended to prepare participants for their thesis work and for presentations at scientific congresses. The course revealed that the principle difficulty was not in English skills which were rather good, but in the students' inexperience in critically rereading what they had written and making suitable revisions. A case study method was used so that students acquired experience in critically reading and correcting their own work and that of others. An instructor who understood the evolution of academic Swedish was of considerable help in explaining some of the 'Swenglishisms' that arose during the course. The oral presentation portion, which used videotapes of students, showed the students as lacking experience in basic public speaking and as frequently being apprehensive. This was much improved by taped poetry readings, scientific reports and slide shows. This Swedish experience should apply to teaching biomedical writing in the other Scandinavian countries and in Northern Europe.
The goal of English teaching is to have students master the English language as well as foster their cultural awareness,which will serve the communicative goal of language.However,many teachers of English now ignore the goal of the new curriculum and pay much attention to the language points and grammar while neglecting culture teaching.This essay concerns the problem of lacking culture teaching and the im-portance of cultural knowledge or information input in English teaching in senior school,in order to improve and perfect English teaching.
In the field of second language acquisition (SLA), weight has been increasingly attached to the role that a problem-pos-ing model of education plays in English as second/foreign language (ES/FL) teaching and learning. By exploring various concepts of the problem-posing approach, also known as critical pedagogy, and its implications for English language teaching (ELT) in the Chinese postsecondary EFL context, the paper makes a tentative attempt to acknowledge the future directions of implementing critical pedagogy in the EFL context. Therefore, the paper is inspired by the ever-increasing popularity of the critical pedagogical approach in the ESL context. The application of critical orientation in language education derives from critical theories of the Frankfurt School, which centers on Marxist societal beliefs of struggling against social inequalities. With the concept of critical pedagogy drawing increasing attention from language educators and teachers alike in English-speaking countries; non-native English teachers who teach in the EFL context has also begun to focus their attention on the educational philosophy as a means to help transform traditional oppressed status of the Chinese EFL learners. From this perspective, this paper, by investigating the multi-dimensional implied meanings of implementing critical pedagogy in the EFL context, unraveling how it works as a way of“doing”in second language (L2) teaching and learning, identifying the probable contexts of critical pedagogy and the contesta-tions surrounding critical pedagogy, aims to address the significance of implementing critical pedagogy as an effective way of re-forming the ailing English education condition in China.
Full Text Available Mostly learners and even teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL are still not able to speak grammatically and fluently just because they lack of the Indonesian language proficiency and comprehension. This research was done to investigate how the Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia can assist the teachers and learners of EFL in improving their English proficiency and comprehension. The data were analyzed by applying Miles’ and Huberman’s framework; data reduction, data display, and drawing then verifying conclusion. The findings showed some positive and negative representative perceptions of the teachers dealing with the roles of the Indonesian in the teaching and learning EFL. The second findings showed and explored the roles of the Indonesian in the teaching and learning EFL. There were five roles by which the Indonesian contribute to such as Functional Equation, Competence Indicator, Linguistic Mediator, Communicative Language Paradigm, and Situational Language Use. The third findings explored the aspects in which the Indonesian had the roles to play in assisting the teaching and learning the EFL such as aspect of the Linguistic Item, aspect of Semantics, and aspect of Pragmatics. There were three other findings in this research that were explored and labeled as Linguistic Competence vs Linguistic Cognition, Cultural Behavior-Based Language, and First Language Interest. Keywords: first language, role of Bahasa Indonesia, SLA, teaching EFL, teachers’ perception
With the fast development of modern society and economy,English as an international language has become an important instrument in social communication.As to English teaching in the classroom,we have so many difficulties at present.This paper analysis some objective and subjective factors.At last,if we can solve these questions,our English teaching will be better.
Examined how living outside native-language environments, and subsequent language attrition, affected the language model provided by native speakers teaching English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) in Spain. Surveys indicated that the first language was a changeable system susceptible to the pervasive influence of the second language and to the…
Fojkar, Mateja Dagarin; Skela, Janez; Kovac, Pija
The article reports the findings of a survey, conducted among primary school English language teachers in Slovenia, aimed at revealing their attitudes towards the use of narratives in teaching English as a foreign language to children aged from eight to nine years (3rd and 4th grades respectively). The research results show that most teachers use…
Estapa, Anne; Pinnow, Rachel J.; Chval, Kathryn B.
This two-year study investigated how an innovative video tool enhanced novice-teacher noticing abilities and instructional practice in relation to teaching mathematics to English language learners in third grade classrooms. Specifically, teachers viewed videos of their mathematics lessons that were filmed by Latino English language learners who…
The ever-increasing spread of English as the language of global communication leads to ever-increasing demand for learning it among adult populations of non-English-speaking countries. If such people did not have a chance of acquiring English during their school or university years but urgently need it for professional or personal purposes, they have no other choice but to go and learn it at courses offered by numerous commercial language schools and centers. In post-Communist countries, such...
English is a national language in Uganda and is widely used in elite areas such as politics and business, but most Ugandans master English to only a limited degree. In this situation, English can be seen as either a foreign language or a second language--influencing how English is taught. One goal of language teaching espoused in this article is…
The aim of the current thesis is to investigate the role of the students’ first language in English as a second language teaching by means of a review of articles written on the topic between 1990 and 2013. It will identify the importance of using the L1 during the L2/FL learning and teaching process from both students’ and teachers’ perspective and it will then compare them. It will outline the reasons, the strategies and the advantages coming from using students’ mother tongue as a medium o...
Kiliçkaya, Ferit; Seferoglu, Gölge
This study investigates the impact of CALL training on in-service language teachers' use of CALL-based activities in their classrooms. The participants included 35 pre-service English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers who took an undergraduate-level elective CALL course (FLE318) offered during the 2008-2009 academic year in the Department of…
Koch, Glenn G.
Much of the EFL teaching of the past in both Canada and the US has been that of adapting everything but the native language to the conventions of the West, without regard for the vast cultural differences either in methods of learning or in idiomatic usage of the language. Students of the past have started at a far greater disadvantage than of just language, but the focus of Canada's EFL studies as they apply to learning English writing give the international student a much greater chance of ...
Many ELT experts believe that the inclusion of critical thinking skills in English classes is necessary to improve students' English competence. Students' critical thinking skills will be optimally increased if meaning is prioritized in English lessons. Those two inter-related elements can be implemented when teachers do collaborative activities…
Full Text Available This study aims to find out student teachers’ perceptions about the use of Facebook in English language teaching and their preferences on how to integrate Facebook into English classes. This study, which is based on a mixed method research, consisted of written and oral interviews with 221 student teachers in the English Language Teaching (ELT program at Gazi University during the fall semester of the academic year 2012-2013. Of the 221student teachers, 38 (18% were male and 173 (82% were female. 146 participants (69.2% were in favour of Facebook integration into English classes while 58 participants (27.5% were against and finally 7 participants (3.3% were neutral. In terms of age and level of learners, adolescents were preferred as the most appropriate age group to be taught English on Facebook; intermediate level was the mostly preferred language level to be enhanced via Facebook. Furhtermore, self -study was seen as the most important type of Facebook use. These findings show us how student teachers’ educational preferences can be changed in line with the education they receive and how they should be trained according to the current educational moves and communication tools.
Full Text Available In the work we gave the definition of the project activity and considered the use of the project activity in the integrated teaching of the English and Kazakh languages to students of the faculty of economics.
This essay is to discuss an approach--communicative language teaching (CLT) into English classes of Chinese colleges for the improvement of students’ oral ability, especially emphasizing on the strategies of using group work.
This article examines the importance of raising non-native English language teachers' awareness of different dimensions of culture in the teaching of English as an international language. The author believes that the more critical English language teachers become about the involvement of culture in their English language teaching, the more they…
Lee, Okhee; Maerten-Rivera, Jaime; Buxton, Cory; Penfield, Randall; Secada, Walter G.
This descriptive study examined urban elementary school teachers’ perceptions of their science content knowledge, science teaching practices, and support for language development of English language learners. Also examined were teachers’ perceptions of organizational supports and barriers associated with teaching science to nonmainstream students. The study involved 221 third- through fifth-grade teachers from 15 urban elementary schools in a large school district. The teachers completed a survey in the spring of 2005. The internal consistency reliability estimates, Cronbach α, for scales created from the survey items were within an acceptable range. The teachers reported that they were generally knowledgeable about science topics at their grade level and that they taught science to promote students’ understanding and inquiry. In contrast, the teachers reported rarely discussing student diversity in their own teaching or with other teachers at their schools. The teachers identified specific organizational supports and barriers in teaching science with diverse student groups at both the school and classroom levels.
It was in the 1970s that American linguist S.D. Krashen created the theory of "language acquisition". The theories on second language acquisition were proposed based on the study on the second language acquisition process and its rules. Here, the second language acquisition process refers to the process in which a learner with the…
China English is an English variety used by native-Chinese people for communication under specific language environment. This study attempts to outline the objective existence of China English and the implications of its linguistic features for English teaching.
This article focuses on the complex dynamics and the practical demands of teaching English to deaf children for whom British Sign Language (BSL) is a preferred/dominant language. A model focusing on the relationship between English and BSL is presented, and implications for curriculum and teaching methods are drawn. (DB)
TBLT is gaining popularity in China, and it even has been demanded to apply to in the English class by the Curriculum Reform . This paper attempts to explore the application of task-based language teaching in senior high school. It includes four parts. The first part is the introduction. It discusses the definition of TBLT. The second part focuses on the practical application of TBLT in English class. The third part refers to the requirements of TBLT for English teachers in the senior high school. The fourth part is the conclusion that TBLT, as an effective teaching method, can motivate students’ interest and creativity in the course of their studying and help them to improve their abilities of analysis and application of what they have learned, and aid them to lay the solid foundation for the future study.
Clara Esther Gómez Gonzalvo
Full Text Available Historically, the bodies responsible for designing the curricula in our country have included the English discipline in them and have conceived graduate profiles covering elements that require knowing this language. They have invested in the training of teachers, the reproduction of materials, methods designed abroad by native English-speaking specialists, and some sound reproduction equipment in line with the economic resources of the country. More recently, various Cuban authors specialized in English language have been asked to design the basic materials used to teach the courses in the program. The efforts made over the years have yielded some results, although they could be qualitatively superior. This paper presents a reflection on some elements that still hamper the achievement of better results.
The author describes the psycho-linguistic therapy «touching the World» for the visually impaired and explores language as a therapeutic tool with great possibilities for a teaching-learning process.
Full Text Available It is argued that learning the importance of positive reinforcement and unlearning the de-motivating and unfruitful experiences of one’s life can help students cope up with the existing inhibition about learning a foreign language and, in turn, can motivate them to do something productive and creative. In this respect, the role of drama, in EFL classroom, has been debated and recommended for achieving the intended effects. However, it has also been suggested that the motive of teaching a foreign language like English, through drama, is not to make the young learners professionals in acting but to provide an aid to learn and rehearse the language in its given framework. Exploring such arguments in support of the use of drama in EFL classroom, the present paper highlights the benefits of using drama as a teaching methodology so as to help the students in speaking in English and help them think ‘out of the box’. The practical application of the language in real-life situations is also suggested and recommended based upon the findings of the study. As the use of drama, in EFL classroom, has many benefits for EFL learners, attempt has also been made to investigate, discuss and explore different techniques and methods through which drama can be successfully introduced and incorporated in the foreign language classrooms for effective, motivating and interesting teaching and learning.
Ai, Bin; Wang, Lifei
The purpose of this study is to reflect on my experience of teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in an inland Chinese university when I returned from Australia: I re-entered the space of EFL teaching, and experimented with a new model of teaching. In my experiment, I applied the concepts of third space and hybrid identity as a theoretical…
The Course of Study which was introduced in Japanese elementary schools in 2002 prescribed English as a foreign language (EFL) activities as a part of international understanding in the "Period of Integrated Study". By 2008, EFL will be a required subject in Japanese elementary schools. This thesis discusses some of context and methodology that will be needed to train in-service teachers at Japanese elementary schools so that they will be able to teach EFL despite overwhelming difficulties. J...
The purpose of this study is to analyze the reading passages and related pictures published in English language coursebooks in terms of ethnicity, sex and disability by relating them to socially responsible teaching. A checklist formerly used by Cunningsworth (1995) was adapted and used for the purposes of this study. This checklist included the headings of nationalities, whether any kind of disability is included or not, types of disability, number of males and females and gender specific ro...
Dos Santos, Roberto-Márcio; Sobrinho, Jerônimo Coura
In the area of language teaching both language skills and textual genres can be worked with simultaneously (thus responding to the Brazilian Curricular Parameters and to the trends in contemporary education, which emphasize contextualized teaching) by means of computers. Computers can make the teaching process dynamic and rich, since they enable the access to the foreign language through virtual environments, which creates a larger number of learning contexts, with all their specific vocabulary and linguistic features in real communication. This study focuses on possible applications of this kind of approach. The computer online is a resource of diverse textual genres and can be an important tool in the language classroom as well as an access to authentic material produced in contextualized practice close to real-life communication. On the other hand, all these materials must be appropriately used without ever worshipping the technology as if it were a miraculous solution. After all, the professional pedagogic skills of the teacher should never be forgotten or taken for granted. In this study, a series of interviews with teachers was carried out - both with Brazilian teachers of the public sector (basic education) and language institutes (private English courses) as well as teacher trainers (university professors), in order to verify if the teachers were prepared to work with informatics in teaching practices, and check the professionals’ views on the subject. The ideas of Maingueneau and Marcuschi about textual genres are a theoretical base in this work, besides the concept of cognitive economy. The text and its typology are focused here as the basic material for teaching English, through digital technologies and hypermedia. The study is also based on Sharma and Barrett’s notion of blended learning as a balanced combination of technological resources and traditional practices in the classroom. Thus, this is an attempt to investigate the relevance of
Full Text Available In Indonesia English is the first foreign language and taught as a comÂpulsory subject in secondary and tertiary education with the objective primarily to provide the students with the ability to read English textbooks on their related fields. In spite of the efÂforts made to improve the teaching especially in secondary school, the reÂsult is, so far, still unsatisfactory. This article argues that the implementation of learning autonomy could possibly be a way to improve ELT in Indonesia.
Ihejirika, Richard C.
A close look at literature and language shows that the two are closely related. This close relationship is obvious because from all indications, literature presupposes language. It is inconceivable to discuss literature without reference to language. But going by the traditional practice at the secondary school level in Nigerian context, there are…
Previous studies have shown that teacher cognitions and practices can be inconsistent, particularly with claims about communicative teaching practices. This article describes the practical theory of a state school EFL teacher in Armenia who claimed to be using a communicative approach to language teaching by considering her stated cognitions and…
Roy-Campbell, Zaline M.
English is spoken in five countries as the native language and in numerous other countries as an official language and the language of instruction. In countries where English is the native language, it is taught to speakers of other languages as an additional language to enable them to participate in all domains of life of that country. In many…
Full Text Available While the use of appropriate linguistic items is essential for successful communication in any language, sociocultural factors also play an important role. Intercultural communicative competence is one dimension of sociocultural awareness that has been recognized as integral for communicative competence, but its practical application remains a challenge, possibly due to the fact that language educators tend to have more knowledge about the target language than its related cultural aspects (Celce-Murcia, 2007. While cultural references are, even if implicitly, prevalent in textbooks, teacher discourse, and the media, they are often reduced to “American” or “British” while the culture of speakers of English from many other countries, including Brazil, are often ignored. Another important dimension that positively affects language and cultural learning is the representation of one’s identity (Norton, 2013. In this sense, implementing intercultural communicative competence (ICC in English Language Teaching (ELT allows learners to express their identities while engaging in meaningful discussions about cultural views. This article provides a brief overview of communicative competence and draws on Byram’s (1997 model of ICC to suggest pedagogical applications aimed at validating student identity in English language classes, particularly but not exclusively, in Brazil
Hossain, Md. Mahroof
Language is one of the medium of expressing our ideas, feelings and emotions. And if we think about language in present world then English is one of the most used languages in the world and English is used as a second language in Bangladesh. English is introduced here at the primary level and its inclusion continues till the tertiary level of…
Zou, Bin; Li, Jiaying
Many recent studies have shown that mobile learning can provide potential possibilities for foreign language learners to practice language skills on their smart mobile phones and tablet PCs (e.g. Chang & Hsu, 2011; Egbert, Akasha, Huff, & Lee, 2011; Hoven & Palalas, 2011; Stockwell, 2010). A number of apps have been created and used…
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The function of English as a lingua franca for communication needs rethinking in the teaching of English as a foreign language classroom as a consequence of globalisation. The present contribution is an empirical study carried out in an Italian university environment which aims to show how teachers should take on board awareness raising activities in the recognition of other varieties of English which, albeit not exploited as benchmarks for language testing and certification, must nevertheless boast a relevant place in the global scenario. This can be achieved in practical terms by interrogating an expressly made corpus of Chinese English news texts and carrying out simple concordance activities.
Debido a los procesos de globalización, la función del inglés como herramienta internacional o como lengua franca para la comunicación exige un replanteamiento de la enseñanza del inglés como idioma extranjero. En este artículo se presenta un estudio empírico llevado a cabo en un contexto universitario italiano que pretende mostrar cómo los docentes deberían desempeñar actividades para facilitar el reconocimiento de otras variedades del inglés que, al no ser utilizadas como modelos de evaluación y certificación lingüística, exigen en cambio una mayor atención en el escenario global. En la práctica, esto puede realizarse analizando un corpus específico de textos periodísticos en inglés chino y llevando a cabo actividades sencillas de concordancias.
The paper deals with the problem of balance maintenance of natural languages in the context of foreign language teaching. A new paradigm of foreign language teaching in the following triad: native language – global language – second foreign language is proposed. Translingualism is treated as the only means of maintaining linguistic balance between natural languages viewed from an ecolinguistic perspective.
Since the introduction of iPads in 2010, the sales of tablet computers and mobile applications (apps) have grown exponentially. iPads and other tablets are marketed as learning tools, and many apps target learners as young as six months old. This article reports on a research project examining the unique features of English learning apps based on…
Yehia Ahmed Y. Al-Sohbani
Full Text Available The teaching of English at the Yemeni public schools has been criticized as ineffective due to the poor level of the language competency of most school leavers though they spend six years studying English whose curriculum, according to Bose (2002, is largely based on the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT. In this respect, this paper mainly attempted to: 1 investigate Yemeni English teachers’ classroom teaching practices in secondary schools, (2 Explore the Yemeni teachers’ awareness of CLT, and 3 explore the constraints teachers face while implementing the CLT. The results of the study indicate that the Grammar Translation Method (GTM is the predominant pedagogy practiced by the EFL teachers participated in this study. The use of the mother-tongue, both by teachers and students were noticed to be the prevailing. The meanings of words are given in Arabic and the teachers do not focus on developing students’ fluency rather they focus on grammar. The results also show that the participants do not have a clear cut idea regarding the principles and concepts of CLT and are not clear about what they do in the classroom. The constraints faced by the participants while implementing CLT are also investigated and presented in the paper.
Orison Marden Bandeira de Melo Júnior
Full Text Available This article aims to be part of the ongoing discussion on the teaching of literature written in English (LWE in literature classes in undergraduate language programs. In order to do that, it shows the challenges posed by the Letras DCN (National Curriculum Guidelines for the undergraduate Language Teacher Education programs as well as the reality literature teachers face due to the reduced number of hours of literature classes assigned in course curricula and to students' limited knowledge of English. Based on the dialogical concept of language and on the possibility of cooperation between scientific trends, we present a cooperative work between DDA (Dialogical Discourse Analysis and Pragmatics, showing how consonant and dissonant they are. Besides, we present part of the analysis of Alice Walker's short story Her Sweet Jerome done by students, which, in this context of teaching LWE to students with limited knowledge of English, pointed to the possibility of Pragmatics being the first step towards a dialogical analysis of literary texts.
Maria Carolina Coelho Chimenti
Full Text Available The present article is based on a field research that aimed to provide educational subsidies for the use of digital technologies in teaching and learning process of English language, in two classes of the fifth grade from the elementary school, at the public school located in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Based on the perspective of childhood pedagogy, which conceives the child as the protagonist and also (reproductive of knowledge, activities were carried with YouTube videos, online games, music, and many other learning objects. Likewise, observations, interviews and questionnaires were made with teachers and students involved in the research. Based on the action research, we analyzed aspects related to the contribution of some digital resources in teaching and learning of English at elementary school and we obtained many elements that allowed us to know the importance of learning a foreign language in the childhood nowadays, mainly English, and how new technologies can make learning more contextualized, meaningful, motivating children for language learning in a context in which they can be (criative.
The status of English in today’s world has been established definitely. It is not only embodied in the increasing num-bers of speakers, but also embodied in the role which English has played in some non-English speaking countries. English is spread as an International language in worldwide and which is no longer belonging to any English speaking countries but belong-ing to those who use it (McKay, 2002). The consequences of English spreading are:on one hand, English as an international lin-gua franca status has been further consolidated; on the other hand, different regional variants appear in English. These changes lead to the debate between Standard English and varieties of English. All of these in turn generate a profound impact on English language teaching. China as one of non-English speaking countries has also been the impact of globalization in English. The Eng-lish teaching in China is facing challenges and innovation.
Indonesian ELT is complex for numerous reasons, and the level of students‟ outcome has been regarded unsatisfactory by a number of researchers and academics. This paper considers ICT as one of possible alternatives to deal with the complexity of Indonesian ELT and to improve its outcomes. It widely explores ICT integration in English LTL, especially on how ICT has been used in this field. It further investigates the benefits and challenges of integrating ICT in LTL. Th...
Full Text Available Although competency has long been the major concern in ELT either in the EFL or ESL contexts, the rise of competency-based syllabus launched by the Ministry of National Education (2006 brought about significant issue among the English teachers in the country. One of the crucial issues is that how to transfer the concepts of competences into the syllabus design. Since a syllabus does not only contain a list of subject content, but also how curriculum planners (teachers reflect their understanding and belief about nature of language and of language teaching and learning, the ELT must be carried out to achieve communicative competence. Current investigation on the practices of ELT, however, indicates that English teachers are still walking in place, leaving the CC as a big slogan in their jobs.
The Communicative Approach is an approach to foreign or second language teaching which emphasizes that the goal of language learning is communicative competence. This paper presents an analytical study of the communicative Language teaching at many levels.
Wilkins, Stephen; Urbanovic, Jolanta
Although there seems to be a wide held assumption that transnational higher education programs have to be taught in English to be legitimate "international" programs, there are a few examples globally of international branch campuses that teach in languages other than English. Using seven institutional case studies from around the world,…
It was realized that teaching methods were only exterior factors, and what to a large extent exerted determinative effect on the learners were their inner factors.Therefore, the focus of the foreign language teaching research shifted from "how to teach" to "how to learn" and from studying "teachers" to doing research on "students".This article briefly indicates the significance of beliefs, anxiety and motivation in English learning.Thus, the author gets the implications for module advancement teaching and testing.
Full Text Available The abundance of technology in recent years has contributed to development in the societies, industries, and education. It is proven from the current trend of technology such as the emergence and rise of smart phones, tablets, laptops and wireless internet connection that the present and future world will be heralded by technology. The integration of technology into the teaching and learning process is idealistic with the existence of vast information and multimedia on the internet and innovative inventions of devices that serve as great assistance. However, the available technology has not been put to good use in the English language teaching and learning classroom for some reasons, especially in developing countries like Malaysia. Thus, this research is conducted to determine the hindrances faced by the education community in Malaysia. The current qualitative research involved seven individuals who discussed issues relating to the hindrances of technology integration in English language teaching and learning. This paper presents the results of the discussion and provides suggestions on some possible solutions to the identified obstacles faced by the education community in using technology in a more efficient and resourceful manner for the teaching and learning development. Keywords: TESL, barriers, technology, integration, higher education
Hatice Gülru Yüksel
Full Text Available The changes observed in the early 1990s have altered the conceptions of learning and teaching in the 21st century, which in turn have raised questions about the nature of teacher education and the core knowledge and skills to be taught to student teachers. Gaining insights about how student teachers project themselves as teachers of 21st century and how they assess their teaching capabilities became crucial for teacher educators and policy makers. This study was conducted with 40 pre-service teachers of English as a foreign language to investigate how they assess their teaching competences and how they project themselves as teachers of future. The study employed a convergent parallel mixed-method design. The findings from quantitative data indicated that their perception related to various teaching competencies were uniform and they feel themselves competent enough in teaching. However, they needed further help in classroom management. The qualitative data can be interpreted as a signal that our participants will possibly adopt a constructivist approach to language teaching.
This article describes a study that examines Canadian-born and internationally educated teachers' (IETs') self-perceived preparedness to teach English language learners (ELLs). The study employed a survey and interviews to examine teacher candidates': (a) level of empathy with ELLs, (b) sense of preparedness to teach ELLs, and (c) beliefs about…
Baser, Derya; Kopcha, Theodore J.; Ozden, M. Yasar
This paper reports the development and validation process of a self-assessment survey that examines technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) among preservice teachers learning to teach English as a foreign language (EFL). The survey, called TPACK-EFL, aims to provide an assessment tool for preservice foreign language teachers that…
Mirza, Golam Hoshain; Mahmud, Khaled; Jabbar, Jahanara
There has been a continuous debate over a long period over the issue of using the learner's mother tongue in teaching the second language. We have two schools in this regard--monolingual approach and bilingual approach. Those advocating the monolingual approach have claimed that learning is determined by the quantity of exposure to the target…
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富山, 真知子; 山本, 貴美枝; トミヤマ, マチコ; ヤマモト, キミエ; Machiko, TOMIYAMA; Kimie, YAMAMOTO
持っていた言語を失う事,すなわち「言語喪失」(language attrition)の現象はさまざまである.病理学的理由による失語症のような場合もあれば,歴史的,政治的,社会的理由による言語の消滅もある.また,自然な状況下でも言語は失われる.授業で習った外国語を使わないでいると忘れてしまうのも,言語喪失の現象の一環である.言語の喪失を,主として心理言語学的な立場から研究するという分野は,1980年にペンシルベニア大学で開催された会議に端を発するが,この20余年来,研究分野も細分化され,研究者も地域的に広がって急速に発展を見せている.本稿は言語喪失の心理言語学的研究の中で,「第二言語喪失」(second language attrition)に焦点を当て,主要な文献をリストしている.心理言語学的な立場から構成されているので,社会学的な文献,例えば「言語の取り替え」(language shift)や「言語の死」(language death)に関するもの,さらに,病理学的なもの,加齢によるものなどは含まれていない.また,心理言語学的なものでも「第一言語の喪失」(first langu...
Jaquith, Paul, Ed.
In this special issue on technology in language teaching, major articles include: "Sociocultural Aspects of Second Language Acquisition" (David Nunan); "The Need for Multi-Media ESL Teaching Methods: A Psychological Investigation into Learning Styles" (Don W. Hinkelman, Jay M. Pysock); "Can Japanese Children Learn English?" (David Paul);…
Elio Jesús Cruz Rondón
Full Text Available Learning a foreign language may be a challenge for most people due to differences in the form and structure between one’s mother tongue and a new one. However, there are some tools that facilitate the teaching and learning of a foreign language, for instance, new applications for digital devices, video blogs, educational platforms, and teaching materials. Therefore, this case study aims at understanding the role of teaching materials among beginners’ level students learning English as a foreign language. After conducting five non-participant classroom observations and nine semi-structured interviews, we found that the way the teacher implemented a pedagogical intervention by integrating the four language skills, promoting interactive learning through the use of online resources, and using the course book led to a global English teaching and learning process.
Reading is a basis for English learning.In light of my present view on English language teaching,the students needs,the present teaching conditions,Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT)which has become one of the most important language teaching approaches that are brought forward by foreign language investigators is a good way to be used in the reading classroom. This paper presents an integrated approach,which is expected to be a great help to English teachers.
Reading is a basis for English learning.In light of my present view on English language teaching,the students needs,the present teaching conditions,Task-based Language Teaching(TBLT)which has become one of the most important language teaching approaches that are brought forward by foreign language investigators is a good way to be used in the reading classroom.This paper presents an integrated approach,which is expected to be a great help to English teachers.
Vocabulary teaching is an important part in English teaching, which purpose is to foster students to use learned words to conduct language communication, increasing the capability of language using in daily life. This paper analyzes the present condition and exposes the problems existing in English vocabulary teaching and learning, then, puts forward some scientific, effective strategies for the education of English vocabulary. I hope these teaching strategies can help teachers improve their teaching methods and help English learners acquire knowledge easily and efficiently.
Language is the carrier of culture .Culture is the essence of language .However , most Chinese English teaching seriously lacksthe diverse English culture acquisition .The main topic of this essay is to point out the lexicon differences between English and Chinese languagesand then is about the application of cross -cultural knowledge in English teaching .
Imaginative and attractive, cutting edge in its conception, this text explicates a model for the integration of language arts and literacy education based on the notion of framing. The act of framing--not frames in themselves--provides a creative and critical approach to English as a subject. "Re-framing Literacy" breaks new ground in the language…
Full Text Available This article presents an action research project developed in Mayor de San Bartolomé School in 2007, when the authors’ teaching practice took place. The observation of 38 eighth graders, between 13 and 14 years old, highlighted their lack of motivation towards the English class. In the coming semester after the observation, the drama activities carried out in the English class made the students more eager to participate in the class activities and to use this language to communicate with their peers. The Halloween Drama Contest consisted of drama activities along with reading comprehension, writing production, vocabulary exercises and phonetics practice. Students were asked to prepare scripts of six horror movies to be performed on Halloween.
SHEN Wen-yan; HU Jun-jie
English movies are the cultural carriers of English-speaking countries with veritable colloquial expressions, authentic environment and abundant cultural connotation. Teaching English through English movies can not only help students learn Eng⁃lish language, but also acquire English culture. It’s also an effective way to improve students’oral English and their accultural communication ability.
Djair Lázaro de Almeida
Full Text Available Historically the difficulties of deaf students in relation to reading and writing skills were attributed to some causes inherent to deafness, however, currently, it is known that these difficulties occur because of a lack of consideration during the process of teaching and learning, of the deaf language specificities. Thus, the vast majority of deaf people, young and old, had no schooling that had respected these specificities. Therefore, this study aims to describe and analyze pedagogical strategies for the teaching of written Portuguese as a second language, from the construction of knowledge in Libras, in workshops for graduated deaf students in the literacy levels of basic education. The activities of the workshops were documented by video recordings and record in field diaries. Based on the conceptual framework of cultural-historical approach, this study demonstrated the importance of the relationship between researchers and deaf participants offered by language, constituting a space for communication, training and development of individuals. The results indicated that the use of Libras as language of instruction in these areas is critical to the construction of concepts and acquisition of knowledge in reading and writing, as well as appropriated teaching and informed in pictorial resources favored dialogical exchange, facilitating the understanding for deaf people.
Ersanli, Ceylan Yangin
This study aims to map the cognitive structure of pre-service English language (EL) teachers about three key concepts related to approaches and methods in language teaching so as to discover their learning process and misconceptions. The study involves both qualitative and quantitative data. The researcher administrated a Word Association Test…
This paper aims at discussing the influence and enlightenment of sociolinguistics to English teaching.Sociolinguistics studies language major in studying social factors.This research way plays a role on English teaching of students.
The development of reading ability has always been one of the primary objectives in English language teaching ,so the schema theory in English reading teaching has been drawn an increasingly attention.
@@ 0. Introduction Advances in computer analysis of the English language have shown that lexical patterns are widespread in language use. Some researchers call them "lexical phrases" (Nattinger and DeCarrico,1992) or "lexical chunks" (Lewis, 1993); others use the term "multi-word chunks" or just "chunks"of language. Whatever the terms are, they are characteristic of language use and language acquisition and present advantages for language teaching and learning. The lexical approach to English teaching has received interest in recent years as an alternative to grammar-based approaches. The lexical approach concentrates on developing learners' skills in understanding and using words and word combinations.
It is clear that the CLT (communicative language teaching)policy,the heart of English education reform,has been adopted in Chinese universities for more than 10 years.The aim of this re-search is to find out how efficient the CLT policy is for Chinese university students.In order to to an-swer the question,another two secondary questions have been raised.One is the transition of GT (grammar translation teaching method)to CLT.The other is how the implementation of CLT will be explored.In terms of the structure,after presenting the related literature review of CLT policies,a small-scale study with opinions gathered from Chinese University students′ questionnaires as well as teachers′interviews will be provided.Meanwhile,the study methodology will be introduced and accom-panied by findings,discussion and conclusion.
I evaluated my teaching practice from the following perspective, namely: the application of whole language approach, emphasis on the variety of English being taught, error correction, adopting authentic task in both teaching and exam as well as strategy instruction. They play a role in enhancing oral English.
I evaluated my teaching practice from the following perspective,namely:the application of whole language approach,emphasis on the variety of English being taught,error correction,adopting authentic task in both teaching and exam as well as strategy instruction.They play a role in enhancing oral English.
@@ English teaching is essentially a cross-culture communication. One purpose of English teaching is to develop learners' awareness of culture differences reflected in languages. Culture is like an iceberg, only some of culture is visible, such as history,literature, and customs.
Rinnert, Carol; Hansen, Mark
An effective, systematic approach to teaching English articles in English as a second language instruction is described, with specific exercises using the approach presented. Background information on count and non-count nouns and determiners in English is outlined. Four principles underlying the choice of definite or indefinite articles in…
Zamorano, E. Hector
The purpose of this manual is to assist the teacher in improving his teaching of English-as-a-second-language. It is particulary recommended for teachers of children whose mother tongue is Spanish. A preliminary test for teachers on English phonemes and identification of articulatory organs is included. The English sound system is described,…
Full Text Available This article analyzes an ethnographic encounter involving the personal narrative of Braulio, a graduate of the Bachelor of Arts program in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL of the public state university of Oaxaca, Mexico. In his personal narrative, Braulio becomes empowered as an English teacher while also being cast into such diverse roles as a businessman of a chocolate factory, an English translator for the APPO social movement, and an interrogator for the state police. The analysis of the narrative is realized through the lens of a postcolonial literary perspective based on the literary tools of plot, point of view, and characterization. The resultant crossover treatment of literary analysis, ethnography, and TESOL not only locates Braulio’s narrative within a postcolonial context but also allows the researchers to be co-performers in the narrative act. This leads both Braulio and the researchers to a critical reflection on the everyday practice of English teachers in postcolonial contexts such as Oaxaca.
The present article provides a critical review of Randi Reppen’s impressing book Using Corpora in the Language Class⁃room. It’s argued that Randi Reppen’s book, despite a few slight flaws, has a strong practical orientation and is a laudable effort to make English language teachers to realize the importance and practicality of bringing corpora into classroom in digital age. The book is particularly worthy of reading for those language teachers (especially beginner teachers) who want to breathe new life into their English teaching.
Taylor-Leech, Kerry; Yates, Lynda
This article draws on ethnographic data from a longitudinal study of newly-arrived immigrants of non English-speaking background in the Australian Adult Migrant English Program to investigate their opportunities for using English and the language learning strategies (LLS) they used to make the most of these opportunities. Analysis of their reports…
Seung-Yoeun, Yoo; SookHee, Lee
Parents must be the first teachers and the best English teachers for children in their whole life. Now in Korea, some brave and challenging mothers are innovating new English approaches in their homes with their young kids. They have goals that their children come to possess the ability to use the English language as a vehicle to think and solve…
Since the implementation of English class XinCheng, English teachers actively studying task-based language teaching approach, try to use task-based language teaching in the classroom teaching. This article will combine the implementation of task-based language teaching, and discussed the application of the task-based language teaching in English teaching.
The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyse the effectiveness and necessity of managing the teaching of critical thinking skills in English Home Language to second language speakers in the Further Education and Training phase, by focusing on critical thinking skills; classroom management; management skills of professional teachers; the relationship between teaching and management; guidelines for effective classroom management; the National Curriculum Statement Grades 10-12; the Na...
Francisca Maria Ivone
Full Text Available This article addresses some important issues regarding the teaching of foreign vocabulary. It draws on the literature reviews in this field and is also based on personal reflections and experiences of the writer. This article critically highlights the teaching of English vocabulary in Indonesian schools and universities. More particularly, it discusses issues dealing with curriculum, teaching techniques, instructional media, and vocabulary assessment. Finally, this article provides recommendations for the improvement of the teaching of English vocabulary in the Indonesian context
English is widely taught as a foreign language in China. However, the current situation of English teaching cannot keep pace with the requirements of the Senior High School Standards. Some English teachers still insist on the teacher-centered teaching methods. The result is that there is less target language (TL) input and TL output in class. This paper, based on practical teaching theories, attempts to look at some strategies of Senior English classroom instruction.
The teacher of English Language is often hard pressed to find interesting and authentic ways to present language to target second language speakers. While language can be taught and learned, part of it must be acquired and short texts provide powerful tools for doing so and reinforcing what has been taught/learned. This paper starts from research,…
Language learner strategies, which are closely associated with second language teaching, have experienced great devel-opment in the fields of theory-building and instructional practices since the 1970s. By reviewing previous research, pedagogical enlightenments can be drawn to the current English language teaching.
Moodie, Ian; Feryok, Anne
In order to understand teacher cognition--the thoughts, beliefs, and knowledge of language teachers--it is helpful to understand why people commit to language teaching in the first place. However, few studies of language teachers have directly examined the nature and development of commitment in language teachers, across their language learning,…
Shojaei, Abouzar; Motallebzadeh, Khalil
This book is a very helpful book which gives us information and knowledge of using technology in language learning and teaching. It contains detailed consideration to articulatory and auditory Language learning as well as to the practicalities of English language learning. The book discusses the relationship between English language learning and technology.
This paper sets out to examine some problems in Chinese L2 users＇ acquisition of the simple past tense in English, for instance, L1 influence and overgeneralization, etc. This paper also represents an attempt to explore some relevant implications for language teaching, for example, the proposals to give due weight to negative evidence, to adopt Consciousness-raising, and so on.
This paper examines the implementation of British Council English language teaching projects at Chinese universities. The study argues that the key to successful cross-cultural communication is an informed appreciation of the perception gap that separates donor and recipient. Cultural sensitivity and the use of a culturally appropriate methodology…
From the perspective of its copying and distribution, Memetics of language is especially meaningful for English pronunciation teaching.%本文从语言模因的复制和传播的角度看，语言模因论对英语语音教学尤其有启示意义。
Pilonieta, Paola; Medina, Adriana L.; Hathaway, Jennifer I.
This study explored how a study abroad experience affected preservice teachers' (PSTs') dispositions towards and plans for teaching English Language Learners (ELLs). This qualitative study involved 16 elementary education initial licensure PSTs who participated in a 2-month study abroad trip to Germany. Data in the form of surveys, interviews, and…
This article explores the use of Bourdieusian analysis for examining how policy and practice interact in the teaching of English and therefore in the development of children's language and literacy, in particular how. Bourdieusian analysis uncovers the ways in which teachers' practice has been influenced unconsciously by centralised shaping of the…
Gao, Xuesong; Xu, Hao
This article reports on an inquiry into a group of English language teachers' professional experiences that interpreted their motivation to teach and their shifting professional commitment with reference to representations and visions that they had and did not have about themselves in rural secondary schools in China's hinterland regions. It…
This study investigates the challenges sixteen non-native preservice ESL teachers in a Bachelor of Education (English Language) (BEdEL) programme from Hong Kong experienced in an eight-week teaching practicum. Qualitative data from semi-structured interviews and reflective journals were collected from all 16 participants to obtain a detailed…
Al-Issa, Ali S.; Al-Bulushi, Ali H.
Sultanate of Oman is one out of many developing countries around the world which have valued English as a very important international language and a tool for achieving multiple purposes. When His Majesty the Sultan came to power in 1970, the government accepted English as the only official foreign language and allocated huge budgets and resources…
McGee, Alyson; Haworth, Penny; MacIntyre, Lesieli
With a substantial increase in the numbers of English language learners in schools, particularly in countries where English is the primary use first language, it is vital that educators are able to meet the needs of ethnically and linguistically changing and challenging classrooms. However, despite the recognition of the importance of effective…
H. Douglas Brown introduces twelve principles of second language learning which have given teachers great insights into their language teaching. In the paper, the emphasis is put upon the principle of risk-taking and its classroom applications. The aim of the thesis is to elaborate upon how the principle is applied in language teaching.
Although Communicative Language Teaching is accepted by many English teachers in China as one of the most effective approach in English language teaching, there are still a number of misunderstandings about it. By comparing Johnstone; Sato and Kleinsasser and Thompson as well as Spada, this article focuses on four of the main misunderstandings,…
This study aims at determining the relationship between language labs and the effective ways of mastering better performance of English language. The study raised two questions. They are "Is language laboratory useful in teaching English to Saudi students?" And "How do language labs help in improving students' performance?"…
Describes the design of the International Corpus of Learner English, outlining the learner and task variables in the corpus of texts written by English-as-a-Foreign-Language university undergraduates. The design of the corpus and sampling of students with different native languages make contrastive interlanguage analyses and error analyses…
This paper is based on University English Teaching Requirements of oral English teaching, and explains the necessity and superiority of using task-based language teaching into oral English teaching.At the same time, this paper made classification of oral English teaching task types in order to have a further understanding of task-based language teaching on oral English. Final⁃ly the paper puts forward five principles of oral English task design which the teacher should follow, especially citing principle.% 该文根据《大学英语课程教学要求》对大学口语教学的要求，阐述了口语教学运用任务型教学法的必要性和优越性。同时，为了更进一步对任务型口语任务的认识，该文对口语类型做出了分类。最后文章重点提出了在口语任务设计中应遵循的五大原则，特别是引用原则。
Rodriguez, Karen Margaret
This qualitative study centered on science instruction and learning that occurred in a Title I elementary school in a suburban district in southeast Texas. Twelve teachers were interviewed in order to understand their perceptions of their classroom practices in terms of science instruction and learning for English Language Learners (ELL). This study also analyzed information gathered from teacher lesson plan and classroom observations. The participants’ awareness of the instructional practices necessary for ELL student achievement in science was evident through analysis of interview transcripts. However, after observation of actual classroom instruction, it became apparent that the teaching and learning in most classrooms was not reflective of this awareness. This study proposes that this disconnect may be a result of a lack of quality professional development available to the teachers. The study also outlines and describes the characteristics of quality professional development and its relationship to focused instruction and continuous student improvement.
Sung, Chit Cheung Matthew
As a result of the global presence of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF), it has been argued that learners of English should be exposed to a range of varieties of English, rather than a single variety of English, so that they can be better prepared to communicate with other people in ELF communication. However, little is known about second language…
Cirillo, Michelle; Bruna, Katherine Richardson; Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth
In this article, we describe aspects of mathematical language that could be problematic to English-language learners, provide recommendations for teaching English-language learners, and suggest activities intended to foster language development in mathematics. (Contains 1 figure.)
Teaching strategies in the ESL classroom are highly demanding. Effective and appropriate teaching strategies can improve students' interests in learning English and enhance interaction between the teacher and students. This paper is an attempt to analyze suitable teaching strategies based on students' communicative ability in the ESL classroom which can enhance interaction.
Malaysia has come to a point where second and third languages become part of the requirements to be employed especially in the multinational and international companies. After gaining its Independence, English becomes the second language in Malaysia, and Bahasa Melayu is recognised as the official language of the country. This move has greatly…
The present study examines the language used by a Spanish secondary school teacher of English. Taking as a basic premise that exposure to the foreign language is conducive to language learning, transcripts of classroom discourse were analysed to identify the pedagogical functions present in the teacher???s speech and the language used to express them. The results show an overwhelming reliance by the teacher on the students??? first language for all of the most frequently occurring functions. ...
Artiklis analüüsitakse soorolle inglise keele õpikutes "TipTop 5. Student's book" (S. Rixon, J. Moates. London; Basingstoke: Macmillan. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1996) ja "English Step 5" (I. Sotter, L. Vahtra. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1997)
Abdallah, Mahmoud M. S.
The article presents Chapter One of my recent the book entitled, "Teaching English as a Foreign Language from a New Literacy Perspective: A Guide for Egyptian EFL Student Teachers." The chapter deals with the new reality of Teaching English as a Foreign in this ICT-dominated age in which the Internet has been playing a vital role in…
This paper explores the ambivalent nature of Japanese attitudes toward English vis-a-vis the Japanese language, followed by a discussion of Japanese efforts in incorporating the concept of English as an International Language (EIL) into their educational system and teaching practice as a solution to this dilemma. While the Japanese have an…
Because of the difference of geography , history, culture and humane studies of different countries , Chinese people and English -speaking people have dif-ferent thought patterns .In fact, the effect of differences between English and Chinese thought patterns on teaching English as a foreign language has drawn our in -creasing attention .This paper discusses the differences between Chinese thought pattern and English thought pattern , and provides some suggestion for English teach-ing of writing .
Seimears, C. Matt
The purpose of this exploratory case study was to explore the middle school science classroom of a constructivist teacher and examine how constructivist-based teaching influences ELL students and their learning of science. The researcher's purpose was to discover patterns which emerged after close observations, careful documentation, and thoughtful analysis of the research topic. What was discovered by this exploratory case study was not sweeping generalizations but contextual findings. This case study was conducted in the spring of 2006. The researcher sought to answer the question, "How does constructivist teaching help middle school English Language Learners understand science?" Two variable clusters were examined: (1) the independent variable cluster of the constructivist teaching practices of the one selected teacher; and (2) the dependent variable cluster of the middle school English Language Learners understanding of the science concepts being taught. Four broad categories of data were collected: (1) observations of teaching and learning (including teaching plans and other teaching materials); (2) interviews related to teaching and learning; (3) inventories of teaching and learning; and (4) artifacts of learning. Steve Loos, an eighth grade middle school science teacher, is an expert constructivist-based teacher. His teaching influences English Language Learners understanding of the science concepts being taught. Steve's teaching influenced the English Language Learners through a variety of pedagogical strategies. The researcher concluded in this study that, "Constructivist teaching helps middle school English Language Learners understand science."
Reviews seven pedagogically orientated journals for foreign language teachers, most of which are designed for teachers of English-as-a-Second-Language: (1) "Practical English Teaching"; (2) "Modern English Teacher"; (3) "English Teaching Forum"; (4) "Guidelines"; (5) "ELT Journal"; (6) "Cross Currents"; and (7) "TESL Reporter." The names and…
In China,English teachers in senior high school use little body language.Some of them will argue they do use it.However,those body languages they have used are random,far from meaningful ones.If you know how to use meaningful body language,you’11 find a way to make your classes effective.Body language includes facial expression,gaze,head
Luis Fernando Gómez-Rodríguez
Full Text Available Communicative texts are educational materials for language learning that focus on the genuine use of a language for communicative purposes in a variety of meaningful contexts. Above and beyond the mere study of linguistic forms, these texts offer opportunities to communicate, interact and negotiate meaning. Three common types of English language practice are analyzed in this article: mechanical practice, meaningful practice and communicative practice. Five English texts representative of those currently used in Colombia were selected to determine to what degree they include genuine communicative tasks and, in this respect, how they encourage the development of communicative competence. The extent of communicative practice these texts offer students of English was found to be less than the amount of mechanical and meaningful practice. This information should be useful for training English teachers, particularly those who generally focus their classroom activity on the use of texts. Methodological suggestions are offered, based on the results of the study.
Language and culture are closely related to each other. From the aspect of language as the semiotic system, language is the carrier of culture and culture is the entailment of language .The language of any nation bears the deep content of its culture .It can be said that language is the reflection of a nation's culture .Therefore the learning of a language must be connected with the acquisition of the corresponding culture. In the English classrooms English teacher should teach the language and the culture as well. This paper deals with both the cultural contents to be taught and the principles of teaching them in the English classrooms.
British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.
This profile of the English language teaching situation in Venezuela discusses the status of English in society and in the educational system. It also gives an account of Venezuelan political, economic, and social life. A description is given of the education system and reforms that have been proposed for nursery school through higher education.…
It was realized that teaching methods were only exterior factors, and what to a large extent exerted determinative effect on the learners were their inner factors.Therefore, the focus of the foreign language teaching research shifted from“how to teach” to“how to learn” and from studying“teachers” to doing research on“students”.This article briefly indicates the significance of beliefs, anxiety and motivation in English learning. Thus, the author gets the implications for module advancement teaching and testing.
Full Text Available The Indonesian community generally perceives that English language teaching should require phonology, vocabulary, grammar, discourse, and pragmatics. As a result, this often demands that pre-school teachers use English all the time. Code switching between English, Indonesian, and Minang – the local language of the region – is perceived negatively, and teachers are often criticized for using a multilingual approach that is “part snake and part eel” [sakarek ula sakarek baluik]. This refers to a negative perception of mixing languages in educational settings. In fact, code switching between Minang (first language, Indonesian (second language, and English (foreign language is the norm of language use in this part of Indonesia. However, in this community, there is a lack of respect for pre-school teachers' professionalism as well as scepticism towards the effectiveness of a multilingual teaching approach, which is used widely at the pre-school level. Vygotsky , the Russian psychologist, presents a different perspective on this phenomenon, noting that children learn languages by playing. Their first language can be the main tool to help them understand new words and utterances in context. By using code switching, teachers help pre-school children to link their prior knowledge and experience to the new forms of expression that enable them to derive the meaning of new words from the social context of language use. For this reason, scaffolding techniques should be used by pre-school teachers, particularly in ways which support children's cognitive development in constructing new meanings based on their first language experience. This paper, based on a research study-in-progress at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia, explores patterns of interaction between pre-school teachers and their students as teachers scaffold the development of EFL through dramatic play in West Sumatera, Indonesia. This interaction is systemic in nature and
Okoth, Teresa A.
This study investigated the challenges Form III English language teachers face when implementing the revised integrated English language curriculum. A mixed-method descriptive design was used in Eldoret East SubCounty in Kenya. Data was collected through questionnaires, interviews and reflective conversations. Cluster, purposive and random…
A discussion of pronunciation instruction in English as a second language begins with comments on preparing for pronunciation work in the classroom and goes on to examine the rhythm of English and the characteristics of intonation. The chapter on preparing for pronunciation work focuses on: accounting for learner variables, motivating learning,…
This article investigates how Japanese university students perceive Japan's domestic diversity and understand the role of English within that context. Surveys and interviews with Japanese students reveal how they reflect on their own experiences with diversity in their past English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classes and also help to explore the…
With the rapid development of the society, people are expected to improve their language quality as well. So when people have to express something unpleasant, they prefer to employ some mild, implicit and euphemistic expressions. Meanwhile, an increasing number of scientists indulge themselves in studying English euphemisms from different perspectives, such as linguis⁃tics, pragmatics, and psychology and so on. English Euphemisms applied in class can not only help create a relaxing and lively at⁃mosphere but also protect the students’self-esteem and stimulate their interests in English. However, the researches on the ef⁃fects of applying English euphemisms in English class are few. Therefore, Based on Face-saving Theory, this paper intends to highlight the importance of applying English euphemisms in English teaching.
<正>The article mainly explores the current concept of World Englishes and its implication for language teaching.After the history and present definition of World Englishes have been discussed in a broad perspective,the author continues to talk about the influence of World Englishes on World Language Education.Chinese English education is then specifically addressed with implications given for both policy-makers and classroom teachers of English.
Ahmad, Afnan Masaoud
This paper discusses the issues with EFL teaching in Saudi Arabia, including the reliance on traditional teaching methodologies and banning use of first languages in classrooms. As a result, these traditional teaching practices produce less proficient learners who have limited knowledge about proper linguistic use. In order to overcome these…
Fahainis Mohd. Yusof
Full Text Available The secondary school English curriculum in Malaysia advocates that English could provide greater opportunities for students to improve their knowledge and skills in cross cultural settings. Additionally, they will be able to interact with students from other countries and improve their proficiency in English. Given the increasing importance of international interactions among English users from different backgrounds and the current approaches in ELT pedagogy in literature, this paper examines the oral competency skills of a group of English teachers. Data was collected in a seminar specially carried out for a group of selected English teachers. Through micro-teachings sessions, the English teachers demonstrated their use of oral communication skills in delivering the content of the subjects. This seminar was an attempt to establish the collaboration among recognised Excellent English Teachers and their colleagues to enhance their oral communication skills in classrooms. The results indicated the potential of developing an oral competency framework that could be constructed and referred to by secondary English teachers so as to enhance their effectiveness of teaching the content knowledge to their students. This oral competency framework would provide an excellent opportunity to help realise the purpose of using English as the medium of instruction as proposed within the curriculum.
The aim of this essay is to give a complete and critical description of drama,which can be adopted in English classes in China.The background of teaching English in China identifying the gap between English teaching and Chinese students'communi-cation needs is presented at first.Then,a profound literature review takes a place explaining the theoretical basis of this topic.On parallel,definition of drama,its formats and benefits are discussed within this literature review.Simulation as a specific drama ac-tivity will also be identified.
A game is an activity with a mixture of rules, a goal and an element of fun. Successful completion of the game will involve the carrying out of a variety of activities, in which the participants will communicate with each other co-operte with each other. This article gives a rough description of the current approach in teaching English as a foreign language in the home situation and an overview of the advantages of using games in class.It also discusses the application of games in oral English teaching, aiming at promoting students' motivation to learn oral English and thus providing a more effective English lesson.
Halim, Lilia; Dahlan, Fathiyah; Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.
In view of the current debate in Malaysia about the teaching of science and mathematics in English, a qualitative study was undertaken involving a purposeful sampling of three non-physics teachers to ascertain how well equipped they were with the necessary pedagogical content knowledge relating to the teaching of the topic of "heat…
There is an urgent need to formulate a new set of goals, methods and concepts for instruction in English as a second language (ESL) if it is to remain viable and make its potential contribution to American education. The present work draws on recent developments in linguistics, psychology, anthropology, and language pedagogy in an attempt to…
This article describes the effects of an interventionist form-focused course on the written English of first-year second language university learners. For two semester courses the form (or grammar) of the language was concentrated upon. During the first semester the use of correct grammar was focussed on intensively, while during the second…
Language is closely connected to culture, which is a presentation of culture. College English teaching is not just the language teaching, the cultural introduction is also essential. The paper puts forward the concrete application of culture introduction in college English class through analyzing the importance of culture introduction. It is helpful to change students’ lower cultural quality and poor communicative competence. It is conducive to have a clear understanding of English culture and improve students’ English integrated applied abilities and communication skills.
Full Text Available Word recognition is a major component of fluent reading and involves an interaction of language structure, orthography, and metalinguistic skills. This study examined reading strategies in isiXhosa and the transfer of these strategies to an additional language, English. IsiXhosa was chosen because of its agglutinative structure and conjunctive orthography. Data was collected at two schools which differed with regards to their language of learning and teaching (LoLT in the first three years of schooling: isiXhosa and English respectively. Participants completed a wordand pseudo-word reading aloud task in each of two languages which hypothetically impose different cognitive demands. Skills transfer occurs to a limited extent when the language of first literacy uses a transparent orthography, but is less predictable when the language of first literacy uses an opaque orthography. We show that although there is transfer of word recognition strategies from transparent to deep orthographies, felicitous transfer is limited to sublexical strategies; infelicitous transfer also occurs when lexical strategies are transferred in problematic ways. The results support the contention that reading strategies and cognitive skills are fine tuned to particular languages. This study emphasises that literacies in different languages present readers with different structural puzzles which require language-particular suites of cognitive reading skills. Keywords: Foundation phase education; multilingual education; reading; word recognition; automaticity; isiXhosa reading
M.A. This dissertation is focused on errors made by Zairean students who learn English as a foreign language; the difficulties encountered by teachers, which inhibit them from performing their work properly and from achieving the prescribed objectives. The analysis of the whole situation shows that many features need to be improved. The government has to define clearly the objectives of learning English in Zaire and thus revise the formation program for the teacher to be. The school must e...
Schroeder, Carlotta Dorothy
Equal educational opportunity for English language learners (ELLs) has been a goal of the public educational system in the United States. Language policy reforms have increasedaccountability in order for schools to improve student achievement and measure the progress of ELLs. The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) requires assessment and accountability. In this study, the number of ELLs has increased significantly at the high school level and school district as a whole. Along with the changing demographics, the findings reveal a district-wide policy of equalizing educational opportunity through equal treatment. Language policies provide critical decisions about how to measure what students know in all subjects. The assimilation model limited access to mainstream course content, produced inaccurate assessment results and grades. The science curriculum was only accessible through English and the use of the students' native languages was discouraged. The voices of the students were silenced and their academic achievement continues to lag behind their English-speaking peers.
Reading logs are regularly used in foreign language education since they are not only critical in the development of reading comprehension but may also be instrumental in taking readers beyond the referential into the representational realms of language. In this paper we offer the results of a qualitative analysis of a series of reading logs written by advanced students for a literature course in an English language teacher education program in Argentina. The logs were coded according to the ...
Segal, Bertha E.
Materials from a teacher workshop on the Total Physical Response method for teaching English as a second language are presented. The technique describes the process of first language acquisition, uses physical activities in the classroom to reinforce learning, and allows a long period of receptive language learning before requiring production. The…
Discusses teaching English in Mexico, a country with important social, cultural, and economic ties to the United States. Looks at the various English teaching situations as well as teacher education for teachers in Mexico. Concludes that the English teaching situation in Mexico reflects great diversity and growth, and that the knowledge of English…
语言迁移是一种语言对学习另一种语言产生的影响。这种现象在第二语言习得过程中是普遍存在的。根据母语在第二语言习得中的影响，母语迁移分为正迁移和负迁移。正迁移有助于加速语言学习者对目的语的学习，而负迁移则会干扰阻碍学习者对目的语的掌握。据此通过举例分析汉语语法知识对英语语法学习的正、负迁移作用，倡导教育者积极深入挖掘英汉两种语言的共同要素，以便促进学生在英语学习中掌握语法规律，进而提高英语教学效率。%Language transfer is an effect which is caused by similarities or differences between native language and target language of a language learner. The phenomenon commonly exists in the process of SLA. Language transfer divides into positive transfer and negative transfer, according to the effects of native language in SLA. Posi- tive transfer may help language learners to accelerate the speed of learning target language. Negative transfer may disturb or make difficulties for learning target language. Through examples, the paper discussed the effect of Chi- nese grammar knowledge to English grammar learning. And the author advocates educators look for the similarities between Chinese and English positively, and which helps students to promote mastery of English grammar rules, and finally improves efficiency of English grammar teaching.
Departing from a brief presentation of the various views of language, this article elaborates the influence of views of languageon language teaching and language testing. This will help us have background knowledge on language teaching and language testing.
Mostly learners and even teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) are still not able to speak grammatically and fluently just because they lack of the Indonesian language proficiency and comprehension. This research was done to investigate how the Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) can assist the teachers and learners of EFL in improving their…
Full Text Available The purpose of the research was to compare the effect of teaching English through instructional softwares to teaching it through classical methods on students’ academic achievement. The research had an applied aim and its method was quasi-experimental. Statistical population included all the male students of secondary schools of Sari, district-one consisting 934 students and 479 of whom were selected by simple random sampling method. A researcher-made questionnaire with an adequate reliability (a = 0/86 was used for gathering data. The gathered data were analyzed by single-group t test, two dependent groups t test and two independent group t test.The results revealed that not only using instructional softwares were effective on students’ academic achievement but its' effect on students’ academic achievement was more than classical methods as well. Teaching english through instructional softwares highly motivated the students toward language learning.
@@ Ⅰ The significance for the minority students in Xinjiang to learn foreign languages. Xinjiang is a region with many minorities. The population of the minorities accounts for 60% of the total population. For the past several years, the minorities in Xinjiang spread their own histories, culture and scientific knowledge by using their own languages mostly.
English listening proficiency is always the most difficult part for English learners as the second language especially in China-mainland. Meanwhile, English teacher always take challenges in how to teach student the skills. This paper studies different learners and their different learning type, then put forward 8 necessary factors which should be concluded in the whole teaching step.
Interactive teaching is a new subject. Teacher plays an important role in the process of teaching,then how the teacher does interactive teaching well? This text explores it from the aspect, how the teacher instructs the student how to study, to promote and improve it, advance the quality-oriented education in the smooth going on as soon as possible in our country.
This article aims to improve teaching in adult English classroom. It stresses the importance of the suitable materials,the teacher's abilities, teaching mode and effect. Any language can be mastered if student-centered communicative mode.
Issues involved in teaching and assessing communicative competence are identified and applied to adolescent native English speakers with low levels of academic achievement. A distinction is drawn between transactional versus interactional speech, short versus long speaking turns, and spoken language influenced or not influenced by written…
With the development of language teaching,multimedia has been widely used in college English teaching.Introducing the multimedia into English teaching is an inevitable trend of the development of English teaching.However,we have seen many difficulties and misunderstanding in the application of multimedia.This paper is focused on how to build up a better language teaching environment assisted by multimedia technique,and how to use multimedia in college English teaching effectively.
Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT) proved to be an influential teaching approach in second language acquisition recent years.Yet,TBLT came into being with certain culture background,it can't be applied randomly and mechanically.This pa-per precisely introduces the task-based language learning and reviews the literature on the basic pedagogical theories of TBLT,then briefly introduces the framework of Willis for TBLT,and takes a small size group of middle school students as an example.It mainly aims to discuss the application of Task-based language learning in the classroom and through analyzing the disadvan-tages of task-based language teaching to find out a successful approach to implement TBLT.
Mercuri, Sandra Patricia
This case study examines the practice of two bilingual education teachers in an attempt to understand the planning and instructional activities occurring in their classrooms by focusing on students' academic language development during science instruction. This site was selected as an 'instrumental' case to examine for several reasons. This school is among the few in the district that is teaching science. Despite the political climate related to bilingual education, the teachers at this school offer an articulated dual immersion program from K to grade six. This site has experienced success in beginning to close the achievement gap between English learners and their native English speaking peers on standardized test measures. Using a qualitative approach, data was collected from two unique cases through detailed observations of classroom practice, audio-taped lessons, an initial and a follow up interview, artifacts and an initial survey. Scarcella's (2003) framework on academic language was used to analyze the different components of academic language of the science instruction. A theoretical framework from Stoddart et al. on levels of integrated planning expertise and Dell' Alba & Sandberg's concept of embodied understanding of practice also informed the study. Three main findings were drawn from this study: (a) academic language can be effectively taught through science instruction when teachers have the expertise to integrate language learning with science inquiry; (b) the teaching of and planning for academic language development through content is shaped over time by teachers' teaching and personal experiences with the content and their ability to integrate both; (c) While a theoretical model of academic language can be used to analyze teachers' instructional strategies during a science lesson, this model has limitations. Teachers' understanding of their own practice developed overtime shaped the way they manipulated the curriculum for their particular grade
Dr. Priya. S
Full Text Available Many universities have introduced Humanities subjects into the engineering streams in tune with trends practiced globally. Engineers need to inculcate the spirit of humanities to acquire team spirit, critical thinking abilities and also problem-solving abilities for career advancement. Language skills empower engineers to face future challenges globally. In India also, Communicative English and Business English/ Professional English have been integrated into the Humanities stream of undergraduate programs in all Engineering colleges. Under this background, this empirical study examines the problems related to syllabus designed in the existing curricula of English language through questionnaire survey which was administered to 770 students of 20 engineering colleges. Ten items questionnaire objectively aimed to analyze three different aspects of the course designed for engineers. Firstly, to find out how the implementation of the syllabus matches the language learning needs of the students of the digital age. Secondly, to examine the teaching methodologies of four language skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing and finally to investigate how far the students preferred lab classes to theory classes. On the basis of the responses elicited, the aspects related to their immediate need of a learner centered curriculum are represented through graphical data for better interpretation. The research, thus, aimed at throwing light on the strengths and weaknesses of the existing system and the need to envisage a paradigm shift for preparing global engineers in the context of fast emerging situations around the world.
Marshall, Chloë R.; Hobsbaum, Angela
Background: Children who are learning English as an Additional Language (EAL) may start school with smaller vocabularies than their monolingual peers. Given the links between vocabulary and academic achievement, it is important to evaluate interventions that are designed to support vocabulary learning in this group of children. Aims: To evaluate…
Abriam-Yago, K; Yoder, M; Kataoka-Yahiro, M
The health care system requires nurses with the language ability and the cultural knowledge to meet the health care needs of ethnic minority immigrants. The recruitment, admission, retention, and graduation of English as a Second Language (ESL) students are essential to provide the workforce to meet the demands of the multicultural community. Yet, ESL students possess language difficulties that affect their academic achievement in nursing programs. The application of the Cummins Model of language proficiency is discussed. The Cummins Model provides a framework for nursing faculty to develop educational support that meets the learning needs of ESL students.
This thesis aimed at exploring the use of video in English language teaching (ELT) in a Norwegian lower secondary school (grades 8 to 10). Videos in the thesis were represented by, for example, feature films, YouTube clips, and documentaries. The programme Språk åpner dører (Languages open doors), launched in 2007 by the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, included a call to learn how digital media were introduced and exploited in Norwegian classrooms. In addition, the thesis aimed ...
ZHU; Yu; WANG; Jin
Abstract:Translation is an independent discipline(Jean Delisle,1988).With the deepening of translation studies,translation teaching aroused widespread concern among translation academia,and gradually separated from language teaching,being a subj ect with its own obj ectives and a special position.This paper,firstly introduces the obj ectives and content of translation teaching,then points out several common problems in translation teaching.Finally,associated with the basic principles of translation teaching,it analyzes the strategies of English translation teaching.
The current situation of English teaching cannot keep pace with the requirements of the Senior High School Standards (the Ministry of Education, 2003). Due to the influences of the traditional teaching method, some English teachers still insist on the teacher-centered teaching approaches. The result is that there is less target language (TL) input and TL output in class, and senior students are weak in their oral English. This paper attempts to discuss the importance of language environment in classroom and find some appropriate ways to improving seniors' oral English.
Porras González Nohora Inés
Full Text Available This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional Bucaramanga. During the research process the student-teachers were required to plan the course syllabus, create their own stories according to the children’s interests and likes, plan the lessons, and collect and analyze data. Although the student-teachers worked in different grade levels, the results of the study present similarities such as the children’s motivation when the stories were told or read, increased participation in the different activities, comprehension of the stories, and acquisition of the new vocabulary. Key words: Storytelling, story, reading, teaching, children Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio sobre el uso de historias para la enseñanza del inglés a niños en los grados primero, segundo y tercero. El estudio se llevó a cabo en una escuela pública de Bucaramanga, Colombia. La propuesta fue iniciada por un grupo de docentes en formación de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, seccional Bucaramanga. Durante el proceso de investigación los docentes elaboraron e implementaron una propuesta de intervención, y además recolectaron y analizaron datos. Aunque los docentes trabajaron en diferentes grados, los resultados del estudio presentaron similitudes, tales como gran motivación de los niños al escuchar o leer las historias, alta participación en las diferentes actividades, comprensión de las historias y adquisición de vocabulario. Palabras clave: narración de historias, lectura de historia, enseñanza a niños
Baik, Martin Jonghak; Shim, Rosa Jinyoung
Discusses the use of the Internet in developing English language teaching materials in the context of world Englishes and describes a course titled "Sojourn to World Englishes" that was offered to students majoring in English at Open Cyber University of Korea. (Author/VWL)
English as a foreign language has been a subject in middle school of China for years. Teachers and educators generation by generation have been trying to find an optimal method of teaching foreign language to help students master it better. After unceasing explor-ing, traditional teaching pattern has been im-proved and new teaching approaches appear such as Task-based language teaching and com-municative language teaching. However, what-ever teaching methods English teachers use in the class, they should not ignore the cultural in-put in English teaching. The successful and effi-cient English teaching should transform the sin-gle language teaching into the combination of language teaching and cultural teaching. The thesis is concerned with the significance of cul-ture in English teaching. More specifical y, some consideration wil be given to the reasons and ways of teaching culture.
Reddy, Dr. P. Sreenivasulu
Todays world considers English as a global language. The present article explains how the teaching of English started with Grammar-Translation Method and secured a strong hold in the field of teaching English, though its basic assumptions were questionable. It also examines the principles of Direct Method and its insistence on establishing a bond between the experience and expression. In an effort to meet the needs of the Indian students of English, we learn that Michael West proposed the Rea...
Revised edition for the 2015 syllabus to help your students prepare for their examination and enhance their enjoyment of English. This title has been written for the revised Cambridge IGCSE First Language English (0500 and 0522) syllabuses, for first teaching from 2013. ? Develops the skills necessary to become a better reader and writer. ? Offers detailed advice and preparation for the examination. ? Teaches skills for successful writing of essays and coursework assignment. We are working with Cambridge International Examinations to gain endorsement for this title.
Darío Luis Banegas
Full Text Available In the last decade, there has been a major interest in content-based instruction (CBI and content and language integrated learning (CLIL. These are similar approaches which integrate content and foreign/second language learning through various methodologies and models as a result of different implementations around the world. In this paper, I first offer a sociocultural view of CBI-CLIL. Secondly, I define language and content as vital components in CBI-CLIL. Thirdly, I review the origins of CBI and the continuum perspective, and CLIL definitions and models featured in the literature. Fourth, I summarise current aspects around research in programme evaluation. Last, I review the benefits and challenges of this innovative approach so as to encourage critically context-responsive endeavours.
Ibrahim, Muhammad H.
Diglossia is characterized here as a pattern in which a culture recognizes different language varieties. This paper deals with implications of Arabic diglossia for the teaching of English to Arab students. (CHK)
Frank, Betty-Vinca N.
Students who are English Language Learners (ELLs) form the fastest growing segment of the American school population. Prompted by the call for scientific literacy for all citizens, science educators too have investigated the intersection of language and science instruction of ELLs. However these studies have typically been conducted with elementary students. Few studies have explored how high school science teachers, particularly those who have not received any special training, approach science instruction of ELLs and what supports them in this endeavor. This was a qualitative case study conducted with five science teachers in one small urban high school that predominantly served ELLs. The purpose of this study was to examine instructional approaches used by teachers to make science accessible to ELLs and the factors that supported or inhibited them in developing their instructional approaches. This goal encompassed the following questions: (a) how teachers viewed science instruction of ELLs, (b) how teachers designed a responsive program to teach science to ELLs, (c) what approaches teachers used for curriculum development and instruction, (d) how teachers developed classroom learning communities to meet the needs of ELLs. Seven instructional strategies and five perceived sources of support emerged as findings of this research. In summary, teachers believed that they needed to make science more accessible for their ELL students while promoting their literacy skills. Teachers provided individualized attention to students to provide relevant support. Teachers engaged their students in various types of active learning lessons in social contexts, where students worked on both hands-on and meaning-making activities and interacted with their peers and teachers. Teachers also created classroom communities and learning spaces where students felt comfortable to seek and give help. Finally, teachers identified several sources of support that influenced their instructional
Reading is not only the most effective way to get the knowledge of the language but also the only way to improve the language skills of English learners. However, the vast majority of students' reading ability are far apart from the curriculum stan⁃dards in reality. Reading English newspaper helps to mobilize the enthusiasm of students' reading, and improve their reading abili⁃ty. It forms a bridge between learning and real life. It extends the English reading from the teaching materials and guides students to a lot of extracurricular reading, creating a new reading space for students.
Ochieng' Ong'ondo, Charles; Borg, Simon
This article analyses the process of supervision by teacher educators and its influence on English language student teachers during a practicum in Kenya. The student teachers were enrolled in a four-year Bachelor of Education course for teaching English at secondary school level. Drawing on the perspectives of teacher educators, co-operating…
Compared with other countries in Asia, Japan is far behind in terms of introducing and delivering bilingual education, let alone effective immersion programmes. In order to make its citizens more bilingual, Japan has been introducing innovative measures including the implementation of the teaching of English in elementary education and a new…
Ivanova, Olimpiada F.
In this "Idea Sharing" article, the author describes the techniques used when teaching oral summary making to second-year students studying Business English at the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs of the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow. The techniques are based on peer assessment, which…
Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the university instructors’ conceptions of teaching in ELT departments at two universities in Turkey. The data was collected through qualitative research techniques. The participants were four instructors working in two different institutions in Turkey with doctorate degree on the same major from the same university. The analyses of the data collected through interviews and self-report were conducted through discourse analysis and text analysis by the researchers. The results of the study reveal that the type of the institution where the teachers work is not a strict factor shaping the way how the teachers teach and how they define some of the components of teaching. The results also reveal that having the same background of education does not lead to the same approaches and definitions of teaching.
In the last thirty years,the traditional approach of English language teaching(ELT)is widely used in China. From then on,to improve communicative competence of Chinese students,communicative language teaching(CLT)was introduced into China in 1980s.To adapt CLT successfully into English education,numbers efforts have been given. However, although many efforts have been expanded,adapting CLT in Chinese context seems to need a long way to go.
Cloud, Nancy; Lakin, Judah; Leininger, Erin
In this piece, a teacher educator and two secondary teachers describe how they implemented the Learners' Lives as Curriculum model (Weinstein, 2004) with adolescent English language learners using a unit from a pilot secondary curriculum titled Lives Unfolding (Weinstein & Cloud, 2007). They discuss the development and adaptation of the Names unit…
Philominraj, Andrew; Jeyabalan, David; Vidal-Silva, Christian
This article presents an empirical study carried out among the students of higher secondary schools to find out how English language learning occurs naturally in an environment where learners are encouraged by an appropriate method such as visual learning. The primary data was collected from 504 students with different pretested questionnaires. A…
Baccaglini, Gale W.
In this qualitative study eight international scholars and practitioners of English were interviewed in order to understand their viewpoints about how English language teaching is evolving from a role of English as a Foreign Language to one of English as an International Language in this contemporary world in which there are more nonnative…
Shishavan, Homa Babai
In this study English language teachers and learners engaged in teaching and learning of English in Iranian universities, high schools and private language institutes were asked about characteristics of an effective English language teacher. The aim of the study was to investigate whether male and female teachers and learners of English hold…
Language is learned to communicate, but how to use it appropriately is far more important. Since language and culture have an inextricable link in between, to improve the students’Intercultural communicative competence (ICC), issues on integrat⁃ing an intercultural approach into ELT classroom has been long debated and studied in foreign language teaching field. This paper will start with the definition of ICC, analyze the correlation between language and culture then offer valuable suggestions on how to integrate IcLL approach into ELT in China.
Language is the carrier for spreading culture. Only after understanding the cultural connotation in language, can students master a foreign language to great extent. However, in our English teaching, teacher only focuses on linguistic forms rather than English countries' society or culture. Due to this kind of English teaching, students may misunderstand the connotative meaning of the whole sentence and fail to communicate with people from different culture in real communication situation. Based on the relationship between culture and language teaching, the paper discusses the problems caused by ignoring the impacts of culture in English teaching and continues to present some practical methods of inputting cultural background knowledge in English teaching so as to foster students' communicative competence.
Full Text Available Abstract: This paper proposes the implementation of reading-based classroom activitiesÂ for teaching English as a foreign language in Indonesia. Compared to other language skills, reading is viewed to provide a relatively stable foundation for Indonesian students to develop their communicative competenceÂ in English. It is argued that reading-focused activities stimulate confidence for Indonesian learners to get involved in listening, speaking, and writing related-activities in ways that are similar to normal daily lifeÂ communication. The reasons for the proposed implementation of reading-based classroom activitiesÂ in TEFLINÂ and the role of reading and its relation with other language skills are presented.
As an English language teacher with years of teaching experience, I have gradually recognized this fact that foreign language instruction and its vocabulary learn/rig should be closely combined with learning the knowledge of cultural contents of target language. Unfortunately, only a small number of teachers realize that teaching culture is very
＂The concern to make language courses more relevant to learners＇ needs also led during this period to the emergence of the Language for Specific Purpose movement, known in English-language teaching circles as ESP. It is different general English teaching. David Carter divides ESP into three types： English as a restricted language, English for Academic and Occupational Purposes , English with specific topics.
Linguistics has the purpose of studying the language development and use. It helps teachers decide what to teach students and how to teach the language. As a result, English linguistics becomes an indispensable guide to both English learning and teaching.
Minodora Otilia Simion
Full Text Available The paper mentions the history of teaching Business English in Romanian universities in the past 20 years and focuses on Business English for communication nowadays. It discusses the evolution of the subject and, as today teaching Business English tends to cultivate business expertise rather than teach language skills, a more systematic Business English curriculum is aimed at. Since learners need to improve their ability to communicate in particular business and general communication situations( for example : when socialising, telephoning, presenting, taking part in meetings and negotiating., by teaching business English for communication students will be provided the opportunity to acquire the necessary skills.
Hornberger, Nancy; Vaish, Viniti
This paper explores tensions in translating multilingual language policy to classroom linguistic practice, and especially the paradoxical role of and demand for English as a tool of decolonization for multilingual populations seeking equitable access to a globalizing economy. We take an ecological and sociolinguistic approach, depicting tensions…
In this article cognition of children with hearing/visual impairments are applied in foreign language teaching, especially elementary school English. Firstly, the most recent cognitive assessments and experiments are reviewed. Secondly, the English teaching materials provided by the Japanese ministry (MEXT) are examined, which can be improved, by making the best use of the cognitive characteristics of hearing/visual impaired children. Finally, the applicability of neuro-science, including unp...
Tan Yao Sua; Santhiram R. Raman
In 2003, there was a significant change in the language policy in theMalaysian education system whereby the Malaysian government decidedto introduce English as a language medium to teach science andmathematics at all levels of the education system in stages. The aim of the policy was to arrest declining standards of English amongMalaysian students. The implementation of this policy was mostcontentious at the primary school level involving two different models of implementation: bilingual mode...
Conseil des Colleges, Quebec (Quebec).
Developed to promote the consistency and quality of English instruction and to support the English-language colleges of Quebec in this direction, the report presents an overview of English instruction at the college level and presents recommendations to the Minister of Higher Education and Science (MHES) and the English-language colleges. Part I…
Pre-service teachers in Zimbabwe face a number of challenges on their Teaching Practice (TP) usually because a second language (English) is the language of education. Challenges and experiences articulated by pre-service student teachers on TP therefore provide a strategic window into the practices of novice teachers. This study uses a concurrent…
Freeman, Donald; Katz, Anne; Garcia Gomez, Pablo; Burns, Anne
The expansion of English teaching in state education systems places increasing demands on English language teachers and how they are trained. A major thrust of these efforts has focused on improving teachers' English language proficiency. This expectation is manifested in policy and pedagogical directives that teachers "teach English in…
Full Text Available It is known that English language coursebooks written by Turkish writers is widely used in Turkey although much research is needed to assess their quality as educational materials. In this research study, opinions of 7th grade students’ and teachers’ on Let’s Speak English 7 were studied through teacher and student questionnaires containing Likert-scale items, and an open-ended item for the teachers. Among 130 participants, 50 were English teachers 80 were seventh grade students studying at a primary level State school. SPSS 13.0 was used to compute frequencies and percentages along with T-tests and One-way ANOVAs to calculate the possible differences in attitudes between different groups, including class, sex, age, experience, and education. The results suggest that both teachers and the students have rather negative feelings about Let’s Speak English 7, the teachers having more negative feelings towards it. The disconcerting problems with Let’s Speak English 7 demonstrated that in order to minimize the negative effects of the coursebook, a series of support materials were needed.
Introduction English is becoming a worldwide langunge.In China,English as a foreign language has been paid more attention.The number of learners of English is growing rapidly these years.How to teach English well and how to teach it in order to meet the needs of learners are also the questions educationist and teachers often discuss.Communicative language teaching (CLT) which is created in Britain is very popular to be used to meet the needs of learners in China now.In this paper,I will illustrate the definition and approach of CLT and the extent we apply CLT to the class to meet the needs of learners of English in China and vocational college I am working at.The difficulties and challenges during the teaching and learning process will also be discussed.In the end,some suggestions about applying CLT will be offered.
of English. This paper is an example of this, focusing specifically on teacher discourse in an English-language context at a Danish university. It is part of the preparation for a project investigating the relationship between linguistic performance and academic authority for university teachers teaching...... to teach in English, after always teaching in their mother tongue in the past? This paper introduces some of the issues in a presentation of three "teacher voices of the international university" in Denmark - pointing out, in particular, some of the theoretical and methodological difficulties...... in investigating such issues. Obviously, Danish university teachers are not alone in facing the challenge of having to teach in English, and the project is therefore relevant to university teachers in all EFL countries.  Countries where English is a Foreign Language...
Atechi, Samuel; Angwah, Julius
Teachers of English in Cameroon are proficient speakers of Cameroon English and their non-native status militates against their usage of Standard British English in the English language classrooms. This makes the attainment of British English thorny and perhaps impossible in Cameroon. Standing on that premise, we were motivated to find out…
Zannou, Yetunde Mobola
In Texas, nearly half of all new teachers are alternatively certified (AC) whilst English language learners (ELL) are over one-third of the public school population in some districts. As this trend continues, the likelihood that AC teachers will teach ELLs increases and alters what Texas teachers must know upon entering the classroom. This research explores teacher knowledge and beliefs about teaching ELLs through constructivist and narrative lenses. Four AC science teachers in two diverse school districts participated in in-depth interviews and reflective interviews following classroom observations to answer the research questions: (1) how do AC teachers describe and interpret their acts of teaching ELLs in mainstream classrooms; and (2) how do AC teachers describe and interpret their learning to teach ELLs in mainstream classrooms. Data were transcribed and analyzed using thematic narrative methods. This study found that participants saw ELL instruction as: (1) "just good teaching" strategies, (2) consisting primarily of cultural awareness and consideration for student comfort, and (3) less necessary in science where all students must learn the language. The most experienced teacher was the only participant to reference specific linguistic knowledge in describing ELL instruction. Many of the teachers described their work with ELL students as giving them an opportunity to improve their lives, which was consistent with their overall teaching philosophy and reason for entering the profession. Participant narratives about learning to teach ELLs described personal experience and person-to-person discussions as primary resources of knowledge. District support was generally described as unhelpful or incomplete. Participants portrayed their AC program as helpful in preparing them to work with ELL students, but everyone desired more relevant information from the program and more grade-appropriate strategies from the district. Participant narratives reveal AC teachers
This paper analyzes the necessity of adopting interactive approach in college English teaching and proposes that teachers are supposed to mobilize students＇ intrinsic motivation when following proper translation teaching procedures.
Buxton, Cory A.; Allexsaht-Snider, Martha; Suriel, Regina; Kayumova, Shakhnoza; Choi, Youn-jeng; Bouton, Bobette; Baker, Melissa
Grounded in Hallidayan perspectives on academic language, we report on our development of an educative science assessment as one component of the language-rich inquiry science for English-language learners teacher professional learning project for middle school science teachers. The project emphasizes the role of content-area writing to support teachers in diagnosing their students' emergent understandings of science inquiry practices, science content knowledge, and the academic language of science, with a particular focus on the needs of English-language learners. In our current school policy context, writing for meaningful purposes has received decreased attention as teachers struggle to cover large numbers of discrete content standards. Additionally, high-stakes assessments presented in multiple-choice format have become the definitive measure of student science learning, further de-emphasizing the value of academic writing for developing and expressing understanding. To counter these trends, we examine the implementation of educative assessment materials—writing-rich assessments designed to support teachers' instructional decision making. We report on the qualities of our educative assessment that supported teachers in diagnosing their students' emergent understandings, and how teacher-researcher collaborative scoring sessions and interpretation of assessment results led to changes in teachers' instructional decision making to better support students in expressing their scientific understandings. We conclude with implications of this work for theory, research, and practice.
Full Text Available This article deals with the demands for giving a professionalized approach to the English teaching-learning process for future teachers at the universities of pedagogical sciences of Cuba, specifically at “Jose Marti” University of Camagüey. The treatment to the professionalized learning approach has generally been related to technical courses in the technical professional teaching. This approach needs contextualizing in the different courses or disciplines of higher education with the purpose of achieving the goal demanded by society of graduated teachers from higher education at their working scenarios. The teacher of English is no exception to this demand. Key words: professional approach, professional competency, users, analyst, professor
Full Text Available Meta communication plays a key role in foreign language learning and teaching. Broadly speaking, meta communication is communication about communication. Meta communication is something that goes beyond communication and all language learners and teachers should be familiar with its existence. It should be stressed that meta communication which accompanies any message is very powerful. In face to face writing lessons, the student can make emphasis on any point by utilizing larger fonts, capital letters, or bold fonts in his essay. However, in virtual learning environments, students can make use of emoticons like :- “happy”, :-( “sad”, :-/ “perplexed”, O.o “confused” to communicate about communication. Further, they can deploy some acronyms like (BTW= By the way, ASAP= as soon as possible, TM= tomorrow to easily convey their messages. It should be emphasized that E-learning applications (virtual worlds, second life, ICTs are very beneficial in foreign language learning and teaching since they create a platform for students and teachers to interact in a context with no boundaries of time and distance. In Transformational Generative Grammar, foreign language teachers describe syntactic structures in English by using grammatical symbols with meta communicational elements. For instance, every English Foreign Language-EFL or English Language Teaching-ELT teachers or students is familiar with the symbols and related meanings like (S= sentence, subject, V= verb, O= object, N= noun, NP= noun phrase, VP= verb phrase, etc.. On the other side, when teaching English pronunciation to Turkish EFL learners, foreign language teachers utilize phonetic symbols like /è, æ, å, ğ, w, ŋ/ to write transcriptions of English words. These phonetic symbols have meta communicational elements in their composition because they communicate about communication. At this juncture, foreign language teachers should learn frequently used emoticons, keyboard
The goal of language teaching is to enable students to communicate in target cultural context, so improving their cultural creativity becomes essential. Culture teaching in college English teaching serves not only to develop students’ linguistic ability, but also to increase their cultural creativity. College teaching must provide students with the opportunities to learn to know, learn to do and learn to interact.
Classroom English teaching is a touch of art.Only when teachers focus on harmony in emotional dimension,cognitive dimension and developmental dimension during teaching processes,can high and long-term efficiency in English teaching be achieved,and persons who are suitable for social development and qualified for foreign language teaching in colleges and universities be nurtured and educated.Harmony in emotional dimension,cognitive dimension and developmental dimension in an English class help promote mutual respects,trust,under-standing and supports between teachers and students,as to remove meaning barriers,emotional barriers and de-meanor barriers.And they also contribute to establish student-center in a class to provide students vivid and fairly all-round development during their initiative learning processes which are based on practice.
Chang, Ming; Goswami, Jaya S.
Foreign language teaching in many Asian-Pacific countries in recent decades has shifted toward communicative-focused instruction. However, researchers have reported a gap between policy and practice. To incorporate teachers' voices in adopting the communicative approach in the curriculum, this study explores factors that promote or hinder EFL…
Barry, W J
Results are presented from two experiments which examine the application of instrumental phonetic methods to the needs of the teacher of a foreign language. First, the use of a traditional psychophonetic test procedure as a diagnostic tool is demonstrated. Second, the effect of reading, imitation, and prompted recall on production is examined, and the implications for teaching and pronunciation monitoring discussed.
Tehan, Patricia; Yuksel, Dogan; Inan, Banu
This study investigated the attitudes and opinions of students towards the use and place of literature course in language teaching. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 3 groups of students: (a) the students who had not taken any literature courses before (n = 7), (b) the students who were taking a literature course at the time of the…
El Abbar, Magda
The research discussed in this thesis is based upon a programme of study in a Libyan university, which focused on the use of the Internet in the classroom in order to enhance English language teaching and learning. In the last few decades, information and communication technology (ICT) has strongly influenced society as well as education as it has become a part of daily life, offering access to a world of knowledge. This thesis describes, through a single case study, how three teachers at the...
Introduction "How can we enlarge the students’ vocabulary?" This is a very essential problem in the teaching of Enslish as a foreign language for non-English majors in our college. Firstly, their English level is low, They are not only lack of linguistic patterns, grammar rules, but also vocabulary, Secondly, they have only three hours of intensive reading every week, They should pass 2-grade college English examination through two years studying of English. Thirdly, botn the teachers and students are in very passive position in English language teaching and learning. Almost every lesson begins with vocabulary, then text reading comprehension, and exercises, which based on the traditional method.
This article analyzes the professional development of two English language teachers in a Mexican language center. In particular, it explores the interplay between professional development, identity and agency, and the part played by English language teaching certificates in all of these. Drawing on a case study methodology, which included the use of a series of three interviews and other qualitative data collection methods, the article demonstrates the intimate and intricate connection betwee...
Dogancay-Aktuna, Seran, Ed.; Hardman, Joel, Ed.
Today's English language teaching goes beyond the norms of English spoken and taught in native-English-speaking countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, or Australia. Increasingly, a variety of countries have established, formally or informally, a kind of English unique to their own populations, and English language teachers within…
Vocabulary is an ele mentary component of a language, which is essential to communication and plays an important role in language learning. Therefore, how to strengthen and improve the vocabulary teaching has become one of important fields in English teaching. To some degree, whether or not the vocabulary teaching is successful will have direct effect on the quality of English teaching. In retrospect, foreign language researchers and educators have probed into vocabulary teaching theoretically and practically on the second language acquisition, linguistics, psychology, pedagogy and have obtained great accomplishment. The present paper incorporates five parts: 1) introduction, 2) English vocabulary learning strategies, 3) English vocabulary teaching principles and strategies and 4) conclusion.
As a means of communication, listening plays an important role in people's life. In a foreign language classroom, listening comprehension has never drawn the same attention of educators as it now does. So it is a vital importance to teach aural English more effectively. In view of present situation of aural English teaching and wrong ideas about…
Communicative Language Teaching is considered as an efficient approach to second language acquisition,.This article tries to give a general introduction to CLT and its current situation in English teaching in China by pointing out the difficulties CLT faces in China as well as giving some suggestions for the perfection of CLT in Chinese language teaching context.
This thesis makes a preliminary probe into the present English classroom teaching in China.The problem of classroom management,accompanied by classroom teaching,has long existed in the teaching field,and has become increasingly complicated with the social development.This paper studies the problem from the aspects of theoretical foundations,the management in language classroom,suitable English teaching for Chinese students and so on.
Full Text Available The beliefs a teacher carries into the classroom are a strong predictor of behaviour and, thus, have educational implications. With more English Language Learners (ELLs worldwide, in mainstream classrooms in English speaking countries and in content-based classes in other countries around the globe than ever before, it is essential that preservice teachers’ beliefs about these students are understood and, when possible, altered to ensure positive and productive educational experiences. This study examined the initial language learning beliefs and attitudes toward ELLs among 354 pre-service teachers in a large public university and compared it to their beliefs after their ESL related coursework. The findings demonstrate beliefs about ELLs can be changed, influencing preservice teachers’ practices in future classrooms. Survey data collected before and after specific coursework revealed a significant shift in preservice teachers’ beliefs, indicating more alignment with current research and sound educational practice. Semi-structured focus-group interviews provided supporting evidence. These findings suggest pre-service teachers need evidence-based coursework in language development and language learning processes to overcome misconceptions regarding ELLs.
Task-based language teaching has been gradually adopted in college English teaching with the aim of reform-ing the traditional teaching methodology. However, College English Teaching in China lacks the English environment for English acquisition, thus task-based language teaching approach developed in the second language teaching environment is not completely suitable for college English learners in China. Considering the English teaching conditions in China, the principles and a teaching model of the localized task-based language teaching approach in college English teaching has been proposed and developed. The teaching experiment conducted shows that the localized task-based language teaching approach is able to satisfy learners’ needs, bringing about positive learning effects.% 为改革传统的大学英语教学方法，任务型教学法已逐步被大学英语教师采用，但由于大学英语教学环境缺乏英语习得的氛围，国外的任务型教学法不完全适合我国大学英语学习者。针对我国大学英语的教学条件，本文提出了任务型教学本土化原则及本土化模式。同时，教学实验结果证明，大学英语任务型教学本土化模式满足了学生学习的需求，有效提高了学习效果。