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Sample records for em jean burlamaqui

  1. Assistência em Enfermagem e Jean Watson: Uma reflexão sobre a empatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Maria Savieto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Objetivo: Relacionar a empatia com a Teoria do Cuidado Humano, de Jean Watson, no contexto atual da Enfermagem. Métodos: Trata-se de um ensaio teórico-reflexivo que propõe uma discussão acerca da empatia e sua relação com a Teoria do Cuidado Humano, de Jean Watson, na prática contemporânea da Enfermagem. Resultado: É apresentado o processo Clinical Caritas e cada elemento de cuidado que o compõe visando propor e discutir as conexões com a empatia na assistência em Enfermagem. Torna-se imperioso aliar aspectos técnicos e humanísticos na oferta do cuidado de Enfermagem, além de resgatar a valorização da abordagem da empatia na formação de profissionais da saúde, bem como na continuidade dos estudos após a graduação. Conclusão: Entende-se que essa reflexão pode contribuir para a reorganização de ideias e conceitos sobre aprimoramentos essenciais que se mostram necessários à prática atual da Enfermagem, além de reforçar seu crescimento enquanto ciência.

  2. Jean Bodin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2009-01-01

    Jean Bodin (1530 - 1596) skabte teorien om statens suverænitet. Staten er indplaceret på et niveau mellem lokale  domstole og pave/kejser. Grunden til at staten kan få en permanent status er, at den netop på Bodins tid udstyrerede sig som en etat med en hierarikisk opbygget centraladministration...

  3. Jean-Pierre Falret e a definição do método clínico em psiquiatria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando A. da Cunha Ramos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Pierre Falret pode ser considerado a terceira grande figura da medicina mental francesa da primeira metade do século XIX, tendo sido aquele que, após Pinel e Esquirol, foi responsável por dar o acabamento final à obra de fundação da psiquiatria clínica e da patologia mental. A vida de Falret coincide no tempo com o período de domínio cultural e político da França no Ocidente, no qual também a medicina mental francesa se desenvolveu e alcançou seu ápice. Após a morte de Falret, a psiquiatria francesa entra em um lento processo de decadência, sendo sua liderança gradualmente substituída pela da escola psiquiátrica germânica, a qual, ao final do século XIX e início do século XX, dará desenvolvimento a muitas das idéias desse autor. O capítulo introdutório de sua principal obra, Des maladies mentales et des asiles d'aliénés, publicada ao final de sua vida, é considerado, ele próprio, uma obra-prima. Nele, Falret faz a síntese de sua carreira intelectual e clínica, realizando um trabalho de crítica e revisão de inúmeros conceitos da medicina mental da época. Entre as grandes contribuições de Falret, está a definição precisa do método clínico em psiquiatria, com seus três principais aspectos: o enquadre dialético, a perspectiva evolutiva e a supremacia do sujeito psíquico.

  4. Homage to Jean Teillac

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Matteoli, J.; Dermagne, J.; Rouvillois, Ph.; Baleras, R.; Dautray, R.; Detraz, C.; Yoccoz, J.; Curien, H.; Rebut, P.H.; Caristan, Y.; Wallard, H. E.

    1997-01-01

    On the 10 November 1994 has taken place, to the 'Conseil economique et social', a ceremony in homage to the professor Jean Teillac, organized by: the' Conseil economique et social' (the president Jean Matteoli) the'Commissariat a l'energie atomique' (the general Administrator Philippe Rouvillois, the High - Commissioner Robert Dautray) The National center of the scientific research(CNRS) the national physics institute of particles (the Director Claude Detraz) The University of Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6 (the President Jean-Claude Legrand). (N.C.)

  5. On the Jeans criterion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Whitworth, A.P.

    1980-01-01

    The Jeans criterion is first stated and distinguished from the Virial Theorem. Then it is discussed how the Jeans criterion can be derived from the Virial Theorem and the inherent shortcomings in this derivation. Finally, it is indicated how these shortcomings might be overcome. The Jeans criterion is a fragmentation - or condensation -criterion. An expression is given, connecting the fragmentation of an unstable extended medium into masses Msub(J). Rather than picturing the background medium fragmenting, it is probably more appropriate to envisage these masses Msub(J) 'condensing' out of the background medium. On the condensation picture some fraction of the background material separates out into coherent bound nodules under the pull of its self-gravity. For this reason the Jeans criterion is discussed as a condensation condition, reserving the term fragmentation for a different process. The Virial Theorem provides a contraction criterion. This is described with reference to a spherical cloud and is developed to derive the Jeans criterion. (U.K.)

  6. Jean-Pierre Brans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brugha, Cathal Macswiney; Krarup, Jakob

    2017-01-01

    , OR gradually became a field with widespread applications, an academic discipline, and a field with its own institutions. The pioneers who paved the road deserve to be both identified and honoured. We present here a profile of Jean-Pierre Brans (born 1937), highly esteemed for his scientific achievements...

  7. Jeans and Means

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 1; Issue 8. Jeans and Means - The Story of Indigo. Subramania Ranganathan. Series Article Volume 1 Issue 8 August 1996 pp 22-27. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/001/08/0022-0027 ...

  8. Homage to Jean Roche

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    It was with deep sadness that we learnt that Jean Roche had died. Jean was one of those quietly efficient and conscientious pillars of our community who beaver away unobtrusively for decades and make such a contribution to building CERN. An expert in thermal engineering, he left his mark on many buildings on the Meyrin and Prévessin sites. At the time of the LEP project at the beginning of the 1980s he was in charge of defining the principles of the ventilation systems for the new accelerator. Through his design studies and the calls for tenders that he launched, he developed these high-performance state-of-the-art installations which not only made LEP’s successes possible but also served as benchmarks for the fundamental principles underpinning the design of the LHC ventilation system. Jean always liked to surround himself with young people and during the years of his stewardship the design office was a splendid training ground. Despite his responsibilities, Jean was always keen t...

  9. Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.

    2003-03-01

    This paper gives a short account of some key elements in the life of Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830), specifically his relation to Napoleon Bonaparte. The mathematical approach to Fourier series and the original scepticism by French mathematicians are briefly illustrated.

  10. Jean-Yves Hemery

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    The family, friends and colleagues of Jean-Yves HEMERY are sad to announce his accidental death on 24 September, at the age of 63, in Priziac. A funeral service has already taken place in his native region of Brittany and a commemoration will be held at the Mairie de Cessy, on Tuesday 12 October at 1.30 p.m., prior to the burial at the cemetery. Jean-Yves joined CERN in 1973 and worked first at the ISR for ten years and then on the beam instrumentation at LEP. The last twelve years of his career were his most fulfilling as he did great work on the beam design for the LEAR facility at the PS. Since retiring in 2007 his main occupation had been the renovation of his small house in Brittany. His Family and friends

  11. Jean Comandon Neuroscientist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorusso, Lorenzo; Lefebvre, Thierry; de Pastre, Béatrice

    2016-01-01

    The microbiologist Jean Comandon is famous for his studies on the movement of the syphilis bacteria as differentiated in various forms by ultramicroscope. He was also a pioneer on the technical application of the microcinematography in laboratory research. His collaboration with clinicians and surgeons in the study of various pathological disorders is little known. From 1918 to the 1920s, he collaborated with such neurologists as André Thomas, Jean Athanase Sicard, and others in the study of various neurological disorders by using cinematography as a scientific tool for understanding the clinical and pathological mechanisms of diseases. These collaborations allowed him to be involved in the beginnings of the French cinematography industry, especially with Charles Pathé who established a small film studio laboratory in Vincennes where a multidisciplinary group improved the application of cinematography in clinical medical practice.

  12. Aspiração por reconhecimento e educação do amor-próprio em Jean-Jacques Rousseau Aspiration for recognition and the education of self-love in Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Almir Dalbosco

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura mostrar a existência de uma filosofia social no Segundo discurso de Rousseau, tomando a aspiração humana por reconhecimento como seu núcleo constitutivo. A investigação sobre a origem da desigualdade conduz o genebrino à interrogação acerca do próprio homem, descobrindo a liberdade e a perfectibilidade como forças (faculdades originárias de sua sociabilidade. Pela liberdade o homem chega à consciência de sua espiritualidade, ou seja, torna-se apto a ir além do mecanicismo causal imposto pela natureza, construindo o universo linguístico, simbólico e cultural. Pela perfectibilidade, o homem adquire a capacidade de tornar-se cada vez melhor e apto não só para lutar pela sua sobrevivência imediata, como também para aspirar ser reconhecido pelos demais. Em síntese, liberdade e perfectibilidade abrem-lhe as portas para a sociabilidade e permitem-lhe ingressar no universo cultural. Contudo, simultâneo ao processo de tornar-se um ser livre e capaz de se aperfeiçoar, o homem desenvolve a capacidade de sair fora de si mesmo, sentindo a necessidade da comparação permanente com os demais. Isso marca, do ponto de vista da constituição humana, a passagem do amor de si para o amor-próprio: enquanto o primeiro é representativo do estado natural e está baseado na piedade, o segundo caracteriza o homem civil e está marcado pela propensão do homem de querer ocupar uma posição superior em relação aos demais. Se tal propensão se tornar incontrolável, ela pode conduzir à destruição da sociabilidade. Daí a necessidade de sua regulação jurídica e política, acompanhada, previamente, por um processo de formação pedagógica e moral. Isso justifica então a necessidade de educação permanente do amor-próprio.The article seeks to demonstrate the existence of a social philosophy in Rousseau's Second discourse, which takes the human aspiration for recognition as its constitutive core. The investigation on the

  13. Jean Gervaise 1921 -2007

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Jean Gervaise, a pioneer of metrology at CERN, passed away on 10 April. A French geodesist, he was behind the creation and development of CERN's metrology group and was a consistently fervent advocate of innovation to meet the increasingly demanding alignment needs of the accelerators and detectors. Under his leadership, metrology at CERN acquired international renown. Jean Gervaise taking measurements with invar wire and a theodolite on a pillar at the PS. In spite of the disruptions caused by the second world war, Jean Gervaise was able to complete an engineering degree at the Ecole nationale des Sciences géographiques in Paris, which led to a first job in the prestigious Geodesy Department of the Institut géographique national (IGN). This 'queen of disciplines', as he called it, is the most scientific and most complex of the branches of cartography, offering opportunities for exciting and varied - sometimes highly adventurous - missions at home and abroad. The rich experience he acquired here helped to...

  14. Post-Newtonian Jeans Analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nazari, Elham; Kazemi, Ali; Roshan, Mahmood; Abbassi, Shahram

    2017-01-01

    The Jeans analysis is studied in the first post-Newtonian limit. In other words, the relativistic effects on local gravitational instability are considered for systems whose characteristic velocities and corresponding gravitational fields are higher than those permitted in the Newtonian limit. The dispersion relation for the propagation of small perturbations is found in the post-Newtonian approximation using two different techniques. A new Jeans mass is derived and compared to the standard Jeans mass. In this limit, the relativistic effects make the new Jeans mass smaller than the Newtonian Jeans mass. Furthermore, the fractional difference between these two masses increases when the temperature/pressure of the system increases. Interestingly, in this limit, pressure can enhance gravitational instability instead of preventing it. Finally, the results are applied to high-temperature astrophysical systems, and the possibility of local fragmentation in some relativistic systems is investigated.

  15. Post-Newtonian Jeans Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nazari, Elham; Kazemi, Ali; Roshan, Mahmood; Abbassi, Shahram, E-mail: mroshan@um.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, P.O. Box 1436, Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2017-04-20

    The Jeans analysis is studied in the first post-Newtonian limit. In other words, the relativistic effects on local gravitational instability are considered for systems whose characteristic velocities and corresponding gravitational fields are higher than those permitted in the Newtonian limit. The dispersion relation for the propagation of small perturbations is found in the post-Newtonian approximation using two different techniques. A new Jeans mass is derived and compared to the standard Jeans mass. In this limit, the relativistic effects make the new Jeans mass smaller than the Newtonian Jeans mass. Furthermore, the fractional difference between these two masses increases when the temperature/pressure of the system increases. Interestingly, in this limit, pressure can enhance gravitational instability instead of preventing it. Finally, the results are applied to high-temperature astrophysical systems, and the possibility of local fragmentation in some relativistic systems is investigated.

  16. Educação em Jean-Jacques Rousseau : a tensão criadora entre o amour de soi même e o amour propre

    OpenAIRE

    Mazai, Norberto

    2014-01-01

    O trabalho de pesquisa se situa em diagnosticar o núcleo germinativo da crítica rousseauniana à sociedade e à cultura de sua época, evidenciando, ao mesmo tempo, o entendimento da tese do autor referente ao "homem natural" e ao "homem social". Rousseau persegue esta crítica orientando-se, especialmente, por uma problemática educacional. Nesse sentido, a análise de algumas passagens do Émile, em especial do livro IV, será de grande importância ao trabalho, já que a referida obra é o marco fund...

  17. de Jean Watson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaís Schossler

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio tuvo como objetivo conocer la percepción del cuidador domiciliario del anciano acerca del cuidado de sí mismo, teniendo como base teórica a Jean Watson en su Teoría del Cuidado Humano. La investigación se caracterizó por un abordaje cualitativo, de tipo exploratorio-descriptivo, el cual fue desarrollado en la Unidad de la Vila Floresta con nueve cuidadores domiciliarios de ancianos, integrantes del Programa de Atención a Domicilio. La recolección de informaciones se realizó en el período de agosto a octubre de 2006, por medio de una entrevista parcialmente estructurada. Se utilizó el análisis de contenido de Bardin y emergieron las categorías: compartir el cuidado al anciano - una posibilidad para cuidar de sí mismo; descansar, pasear, dormir, uno no tiene más ese derecho; presencia de la familia: una necesidad sentida por el cuidador domiciliar; (desequilibrio del cuerpo físico y mental, una resultante percibida en el (descuidado de sí mismo. Se concluye que el cuidador domiciliario es el principal responsable por el cuidado del anciano y que el cuidado de sí mismo se hace presente en su realidad.

  18. Interview With Jean Laplanche.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laplanche, Jean; Danon, Gisèle; Lauru, Didier

    2015-10-01

    The starting point for this interview with Jean Laplanche is a question regarding the place of infantile sexuality within psychoanalysis today. Laplanche begins by underscoring the audaciousness of Freud's characterization of infantile sexuality and the significance of the expansion of the field of "the sexual" that this characterization entails. He goes on to outline his celebrated "general theory of seduction." In doing so he explains key terms associated with it, such as the "enigmatic message" and the "fundamental anthropological situation," and clarifies how the theory seeks to account for sexuality in the expanded sense. In particular, Laplanche stresses the intersubjective origins of "drive" sexuality in infancy, its chaotic evolution, its unique economic mode of functioning, and its subsequent conflict with innate "instinctual" sexual impulses that surge forth at puberty. He also positions the general theory of seduction in relation to the important advances made by attachment theory in the field of the adult-child relationship. Throughout the interview, the discussion touches on social contexts, and at points Laplanche outlines positions on topical concerns connected to education, media, and the law, and the importance of rethinking certain psychoanalytic paradigms in an age of new family structures that do not correspond to the nuclear unit.

  19. A pedagogical look at Jeans' density scale

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chu, K-H W

    2007-01-01

    We illustrate the derivations of Jeans' criteria for the gravitational instabilities in a static homogeneous Newtonian system for pedagogical objectives. The critical Jeans density surface is presented in terms of dimensionless sound speeds and (characteristic) length scales

  20. Janus faces of Jeans instabilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Verheest, Frank; Jacobs, Gerald; Cadez, Vladimir M.

    2000-01-01

    Self-gravitating clouds have been shown by Jeans to be unstable to harmonic perturbations whose wavelength exceeds some critical value involving the mass density and some thermal velocity or equivalent information. Based upon the assumption that the unperturbed cloud is initially uniform, the Jeans instability is non-oscillatory and purely growing. However, Newtonian gravitation precludes strictly homogeneous equilibria, but a way out is offered, in theory, by considering local perturbations, small compared to the inhomogeneity scale lengths. While in itself plausible, this procedure can in most cases not be tested for internal consistency, because real knowledge about the equilibrium is lacking, and is therefore called the Jeans swindle. The severe limitations of such an approach lead to an unavoidable dichotomy, and an example of a plasma will be discussed where the computations can be done explicitly, both for the stationary as well as for the perturbed state, showing that the system is stable at all wavelengths compatible with the equilibrium inhomogeneity. Nevertheless, the present state of affairs does not allow self-consistent equilibria to be worked out in more complicated configurations, like in dusty plasmas with external magnetic fields. This typically leads to the Jeans swindle being used a little longer than desirable

  1. Kinetic theory of Jeans instability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trigger, S.A.; Ershkovic, A.I.; Heijst, van G.J.F.; Schram, P.P.J.M.

    2004-01-01

    Kinetic treatment of the Jeans gravitational instability, with collisions taken into account, is presented. The initial-value problem for the distribution function which obeys the kinetic equation, with the collision integral conserving the number of particles, is solved. Dispersion relation is

  2. O processo decisório em Charles Edward Lindblom e a vontade geral em Jean-Jacques Rousseau: reflexões acerca da participação política e da necessidade de educação para essa participação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Aline Sbrana

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Na obra O Processo de Decisão Política, Charles Edward Lindblom tece reflexões acerca desse processo, destacando a relevância da participação política dos cidadãos em geral. Entretanto, esse autor alerta a necessidade da existência de uma educação que tenha como compromisso a formação de homens e mulheres para a participação social, pois somente a partir dessa educação tal participação poderá se efetivar. Do mesmo modo, na obra O Contrato Social, Jean-Jacques Rousseau apresenta considerações acerca da importância da participação do povo no processo de elaboração desse contrato, a qual ocorrerá por intermédio da “vontade geral”. Mas essa participação implica a criação de uma educação voltada para a formação do homem como indivíduo e cidadão, para que este participe de forma ativa da sociedade, tal como expõe em seu tratado pedagógico – Emílio ou Da Educação. O intuito desse trabalho é evidenciar que em ambas as reflexões esses autores discutem sobre essa relevância da participação política dos cidadãos, a qual, segundo sua visão, será concretizada apenas pela existência de uma educação que valorize a formação para a participação.

  3. Jean-Jacques Petter. Primates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Simmen

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Voici un magnifique ouvrage grand format sur les Primates dont l’auteur principal est le regretté Jean Jacques Petter, l’un des spécialistes historiques des prosimiens de Madagascar. Ce livre, publié à titre posthume, a une histoire que nous découvrons dans la préface d’Yves Coppens. A l’origine pensé et rédigé par Jean-Jacques Petter, qui a été professeur au Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, l’ouvrage interrompu à sa mort en 2002 a été remis en chantier sous l’impulsion de sa femme Arlet...

  4. Jeans instability in a quantum dusty magnetoplasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salimullah, M.; Jamil, M.; Shah, H. A.; Murtaza, G.

    2009-01-01

    Jeans instability in a homogeneous cold quantum dusty plasma in the presence of the ambient magnetic field and the quantum effect arising through the Bohm potential has been examined using the quantum magnetohydrodynamic model. It is found that the Jeans instability is significantly reduced by the presence of the dust-lower-hybrid wave and the ion quantum effect. The minimum wavenumber for Jeans stability depends clearly on ion quantum effect and the dust-lower-hybrid frequency also.

  5. Marketing plan of Vips Jeans

    OpenAIRE

    Marzá Mallol, Adrià

    2015-01-01

    Treball Final de Grau en Administració d'Empreses. Codi: AE1049. Curs: 2014/2015 The following work shows the Marketing Plan of Vips Jeans, this company is specialized in the commercialization of fashion-forward. His shop in the street ‘En medio’ in Castellón sells clothing, shoes and accessories of the best current brands. This company has been operating since 1988 and their main Competitive Advantage is the social prestige among Castellón consumers, acquired during these 26 ...

  6. Jean Francheteau (1943-2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sclater, John; Le Pichon, Xavier

    2010-12-01

    Jean Francheteau, pioneering marine geologist and geophysicist, AGU Fellow, and emeritus professor at the University of Brest (Université de Bretagne Occidentale), died on 21 July in St-Renan, Brittany, France, at the age of 67 after a long illness. With his passing, the field of Earth sciences lost a major contributor to the development of a definitive theory of plate tectonics and one of the first to make visual geological observations on the deep seafloor. Such scientific accomplishments, coupled with his personal charm and the ability to collaborate with researchers from many institutions, ensured that he had a huge influence not only on the world of research but also on teaching and the application of ethics to science. Jean arrived at Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, Calif., in 1966 after obtaining a diploma in mining engineering at the prestigious Éole Nationale Supérieure de la Métallurgie et de l'Industrie des Mines in Nancy, France. He chose Victor Vacquier as his thesis supervisor and began working in Vic's lab with John Sclater, ostensibly on heat flow measurements.

  7. Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Anna Marie; Jørgensen, René Langdahl

    Pixiebog til undervisning ifm. sommerskole afholdt af Center for Food Science, Design and Experience, august 2010. Forfatteren og gastronomen Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.......Pixiebog til undervisning ifm. sommerskole afholdt af Center for Food Science, Design and Experience, august 2010. Forfatteren og gastronomen Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin....

  8. Jean-Marie Dufour 1937-2007

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Jean-Marie Dufour, who was head of the CERN Legal Service from 1974 until his retirement in 2001, passed away on 8 July. Following his arrival at CERN in 1966 during the crucial phase of expansion of the Laboratory’s site, Jean-Marie Dufour ensured that CERN’s rules were applied while taking part in essential stages of the Organization’s development. With his fine mind and erudition, Jean-Marie Dufour, a staunch European devoted to the CERN cause, has left his mark on the Legal Service. The Service will publish a tribute to him in a forthcoming issue of the Bulletin.

  9. Jean Piaget' teos mõttestruktuuridest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    TPÜ kasvatusteaduste teaduskond esitles 29. okt. 2002.a. Šveitsi psühholoogi Jean Piaget' ja Alina Szeminska teost "Arvumõiste kujunemine lapsel". Kommenteerib TPÜ psühholoogiaprofessor Voldemar Kolga

  10. Maison du Peuple; Jean Prouvè

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beim, Anne

    2017-01-01

    The chapter presents a deep analysis of Maison du Peuple, de Clichy in Paris by the French architect and manufacturer Jean Prouvè. The historical context of the original ideas behind the building and how and by which means it was constructed are being examined from a tectonic perspective....

  11. Jean Piaget's Debt to John Dewey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Jean Piaget became a veritable institution unto himself in education and psychology, largely as the result of his developmental-stage theory advanced over the second quarter of the twentieth century. Not until Piaget was 73 did he make mention of John Dewey's work at Dewey's laboratory school, founded in 1894 at the University of Chicago. But here…

  12. Jean Lebel | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Jean previously served as Vice-President, Program and Partnership Branch, overseeing all IDRC programming, as well as Director, Agriculture and Environment. He holds a PhD in environmental sciences from l'Université du Québec à Montréal and an MScA in occupational health sciences from McGill University.

  13. Jean Rouch: sign, true and thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Oliveira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on a fundamental question: thinking cinema verite documentary created by Jean Rouch from Deleuze’s power of the false problematic to highlight the singularities of images and signs that make it up. The cinematographic images created by Rouch allowing that thought be taken to maximum intensity and the process of artistic creation make speakable the unspeakable, audible the inaudible and visible the invisible.  

  14. Parole in Jeans: poetry and telematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Barisone

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Presentation of project "Parole in Jeans" focuses on poetry and telematics under more 'general education reading in a multimedia context. The theme concerns "the culture of the various Italian regions" created through a collaborative implemented electronically between Genoa Middle School, Udine and Padua. The main aim 'to promote reading, comprehension and production of poetic texts in an interdisciplinary context and key media.

  15. Jean-Marie Dufour 1937-2007

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Picture taken by Rudiger Voss in the Legal Service LibraryJean-Marie Dufour, CERN Legal Advisor from 1974 until his retirement in 2001, passed away on 8 July. For us, his colleagues in the Legal Service, Jean-Marie was a tutor and a reference, who passed on to us his passion for the practice of law in an intergovernmental organisation. As a boss, his abiding managerial quality was his unstinting loyalty to his collaborators. Jean-Marie joined CERN in 1966 and for the next 35 years was to be the guardian of the Laboratory’s rules. This was his view of the Organization: "...I have discovered [at CERN] a fascinating universe driven by two forces: science and Europe; a world of physicists and engineers who, encouraged by the States of Europe, run a remarkable Laboratory, where Europeans have achieved reconciliation and restored the grand tradition of European physics, attracting physicists from around the world; a Laboratory that transcends not only the fro...

  16. Farewell Jean-Marie Good Luck Eva Welcome back Franz

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    At the farewell reception offered by the Director-General, Professor Luciano Maiani, on the occasion of Jean-Marie Dufour's retirement from CERN, three generations of CERN Legal Counsel met. From right to left: Jean-Marie Dufour, who retires on 30 November 2001, after 35 years of service. Eva-Maria Gröniger-Voss, who takes over from Jean-Marie Dufour on 1st December 2001. Ambassador Franz Schmid, CERN Legal Counsel from 1971 to 1974.

  17. Jean-Baptiste Charcot and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Baptiste Charcot, a neurologist from the famous Salpêtrière school and a renowned maritime explorer, visited Brazil twice. The first visit was in 1903, when the first French Antarctic expedition, traveling aboard the ship Français, made a very short stopover in Recife, in the state of Pernambuco. The second took place in 1908, during the famous voyage of the Pourquoi Pas? to the Antarctic, when Charcot and his crew stayed in the city of Rio de Janeiro for eight days.

  18. A monarquia segundo Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Moscateli

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The Swiss philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau didn't limit himself to consider how a democratic State could be constructed in substitution to the absolutist monarchies existing at his time. He also dedicated his efforts to understand the monarchic regime itself, being conscientious of the obstacles to be overstepped so that this political form was surpassed in direction to other ones more next to his ideals, in which all the citizens could participate actively of the administration of the government. Thus, the article will handle some aspects of the Rousseau's reflection about the monarchy, from his criticism to the regime until his concrete proposals for possible reforms on it.

  19. Jean-Paul Diss (1928-2012)

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    We were greatly saddened to learn of the sudden death of Dr Jean-Paul Diss at his home on 7 June 2012.   Jean-Paul studied medicine at the Strasbourg Faculty of Medicine and began his career as an occupational medical practitioner at the Mulhouse potash mines. He then came to CERN in 1965 to set up a Medical Service at the request of the then CERN Director-General, Professor Weisskopf. He was the first person to hold the position of Head of the Medical Service and he invested all his energies to provide the Organization with an occupational healthcare unit worthy of the name. As a pioneer of occupational medicine, he worked tirelessly to improve the working conditions of the members of the personnel and continued to be solicitous about the health of every member of the personnel until his retirement in 1993.  Over the past twenty years, he remained active within the CERN Pensioners Association, in particular as the pensioners’ representative on the CERN Health Insuran...

  20. Relationship between the Physical Properties and Hand of Jean Fabric

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kawamura Atsushi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the distinctive characteristics of jean fabrics (denim fabrics obtained from jeans and compared the physical properties and the hand. We used 13 kinds of jean fabric from commercial jeans and 26 other fabric types. The physical properties were measured using the Kawabata evaluation system, and the fabric hand was evaluated by 20 subjects using a semantic differential method. To characterise the hand of jean fabrics compared with other fabrics, we used principal component analysis and obtained three principal components. We found that jean fabrics were characterised by the second principal component, which was affected by feelings of thickness and weight. We further characterised the jean fabrics according to ‘softness & smoothness’ and ‘non-fullness’, depending on country of origin and type of manufacturer. The three principal components were analysed using multiple linear regression to characterise the components according to the physical properties. We explained the hand of fabrics including jean fabrics using its association with physical properties.

  1. Jean Nouveli supermodernism Barcelonas / Raili Seppänen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppänen, Raili

    2005-01-01

    2005. a. suvel valmivast prantsuse arhitekti Jean Nouveli (sünd. 1945) projekteeritud tornmajast Torre Agbar Barcelonas Avinguda Diagonal 209-211. Abiks hispaania arhitekt Fermin Vazquez arhitektibüroost b720 Arquitectura S.L. Jean Nouveli tuntud projekte. Ill.: J. Nouveli portreefoto, tornmaja välisvaade

  2. Eneseotsingutee / Jean-Charles Hue ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hue, Jean-Charles, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis on 12. juunini 2011 vaadata prantsuse videokunstniku Jean-Charles Hue' näitus "Tattoo Fight" ("Tätorebimine"), kuraator Harry Liivrand. Kunstnikust, kelle emapoolsed sugulased on Prantsusmaa mustlased ehk yéniche'id. Jean-Charles Hue yéniche'itest, nende olukorrast Prantsusmaal, oma loomingust, pikemalt mustlaste teema käsitlemisest

  3. Jeans instability of self-gravitating magnetized strongly coupled plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prajapati, R P; Sharma, P K; Sanghvi, R K; Chhajlani, R K

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the Jeans instability of self-gravitating magnetized strongly coupled plasma. The equations of the problem are formulated using the generalized hydrodynamic model and a general dispersion relation is obtained using the normal mode analysis. This dispersion relation is discussed for transverse and longitudinal mode of propagations. The modified condition of Jeans instability is obtained for magnetized strongly coupled plasma. We find that strong coupling of plasma particles modify the fundamental criterion of Jeans gravitational instability. In transverse mode it is found that Jeans instability criterion gets modified due to the presence of magnetic field, shear viscosity and fluid viscosity but in longitudinal mode it is unaffected due to the presence of magnetic field. From the curves we found that all these parameters have stabilizing influence on the growth rate of Jeans instability.

  4. Jean Rotz and the Marine Chart, 1542

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, E. G. R.

    This paper was first published in the Journal in 1954 (Vol. 7, p. 138). It is followed by comments from Michael Richey.At the time (1542) when Jean Rotz presented Henry VIII with a variation compass, and an accompanying treatise on its making and use, the question of magnetic variation was an acute one. It formed part of a wider controversy concerning the general validity of the sea-chart which had been raised among seamen. As to this, Dr Pedro Nunez, writing a treatise in 1537 addressed to his friend and pupil the Infante Dom Luys of Portugal, said that there were skilled pilots who derided the chart and declared it to be - the falsest thing in the world. Hastening to its defence, Nunez dealt at length with the navigating errors introduced by ignoring the convergence of the meridians, and showed besides that a rhumb, or line of constant bearing was a spiral curve on the globe.

  5. Notícias sobre uma expedição: Jean Massart e a missão biológica belga ao Brasil, 1922-1923 Notes on an expedition: Jean Massart and the Belgium biological mission to Brazil, 1922-1923

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alda Heizer

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Em 1922, chegou ao litoral brasileiro um grupo de naturalistas viajantes, liderados pelo belga Jean Massart. Registrada em imagens que integram a obra Une mission biologique belge au Brésil 1922-1923, a referida missão teve como objetivo coletar exemplares para o herbário de Bruxelas.In 1922, a group of traveling naturalists reached the Brazilian coast, led by Jean Massart, a Belgium. The goal of this mission was to collect specimens for the Brussels herbarium, as recorded in images found in Une mission biologique belge au Brésil, 1922-1923.

  6. Teoria do cuidado transpessoal de jean watson no cuidado domiciliar de enfermagem a crianca: uma reflexao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Meireles Gomes

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um ensaio reflexivo sobre o potencial de utilização da Teoria do Cuidado Transpessoal de Jean Watson, na realização do cuidado domiciliar de enfermagem direcionado à criança, desenvolvido à luz dos 10 elementos do Processo Clinical Caritas. Este referencial teórico permite desenvolver a transpessoalidade no cuidado domiciliar da criança, momento em que o enfermeiro precisa desenvolver autoconhecimento, ter suporte teórico-filosófico e valer-se deste conhecimento, a fim de ultrapassar o paradigma da objetividade e do biologicismo.

  7. 'STARLESS' SUPER-JEANS CORES IN FOUR GOULD BELT CLOUDS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sadavoy, Sarah I.; Di Francesco, James; Johnstone, Doug

    2010-01-01

    From a survey of 729 cores based on JCMT/SCUBA data, we present an analysis of 17 candidate starless cores with masses that exceed their stable Jeans masses. We re-examine the classification of these super-Jeans cores using Spitzer maps and find that 3 are re-classified as protostellar, 11 have ambiguous emission near the core positions, and 3 appear to be genuinely starless. We suggest that the 3 starless and 11 undetermined super-Jeans cores represent excellent targets for future observational and computational study to understand the evolution of dense cores and the process of star formation.

  8. Currículo, universalismo e relativismo: uma discussão com Jean-Claude Forquin Curriculum, universalism and relativism: a discussion with Jean-Claude Forquin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomaz Tadeu da Silva

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available O texto discute a conferência do professor Jean-Claude Forquin, proferida em 17 de junho de 1997, por ocasião do seminário internacional comemorativo dos 25 anos dos cursos de p��s-Graduação da Faculdade de Educação da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Questiono, sobretudo, a argumentação desenvolvida pelo conferencista em favor de um currículo no qual as "ciências" deveriam figurar como a representação da universalidade do conhecimento, enquanto outras disciplinas, menos "exatas" e mais "culturais", apareceriam como a expressão da relatividade epistemológica. Apresento, em contraposição, uma posição que vê ambos os "tipos" de conhecimento como construções sociais e culturais, sujeitos, igualmente, ao questionamento e à crítica.This article discusses a lecture given by Professor Jean-Claude Forquin on June 17, 1997, at the international seminar celebrating the 25th anniversary of the Graduate Courses of the Faculty of Education (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Basically, I question Forquin's argument in favor of a curriculum where the so-called "sciences" would appear as representing a supposed universality of knowledge, whereas the other, less "precise" and more "cultural" disciplines would be seen as the expression of epistemological relativity. My position, in contrast, is that both "types" of knowledge should be viewed as social and cultural constructions, and are therefore subject to the same questioning and criticism.

  9. 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    SD

    Page 1. Description: World Refugee Council lunch to discuss the refugee status. Date: 2017-05-17. Attendees: 25 (IDRC 4). Location: Ottawa. Total: $753.33. Comments: 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  10. 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chantal Taylor

    Page 1. Description: Lunch - Discussion of development research issues. Date: 2017-09-26. Attendees: 4 (3 IDRC). Location: Ottawa. Total: $64.00. Comments: 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  11. 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chantal Taylor

    Page 1. Description: Lunch - Discussion of development research issues. Date: 2017-10-20. Attendees: 2 (1 IDRC). Location: Ottawa. Total: $32.00. Comments: 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  12. 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Report for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Beata Bialic

    Page 1. Description: Lunch to discuss IDRC Strategic Planning with consultant. Date: 2016-06-10. Attendees: 3 (IDRC 2). Location: Ottawa. Total: $72.41. Comments: 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Report for Jean Lebel, President.

  13. 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Beata Bialic

    Page 1. Description: Lunch with government official on current programming. Date: 2016-11-30. Attendees: 2 (IDRC 1). Location: Ottawa. Total: $57.00. Comments: 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  14. 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    chantal Taylor

    Page 1. Description: Lunch to discuss IDRC's mandate and programming with foreign official. Date: 2016-04-08. Attendees: 3 (IDRC 2). Location: Ottawa. Total: $51.00. Comments: 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  15. 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Beata Bialic

    Page 1. Description: Lunch with government official to discuss current IDRC programming. Date: 2016-11-21. Attendees: 2 (IDRC 1). Location: Ottawa. Total: $57.00. Comments: 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  16. 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Beata Bialic

    Page 1. Description: Lunch with government official on current programming. Date: 2016-12-09. Attendees: 2 (IDRC 1). Location: Ottawa. Total: $72.00. Comments: 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  17. 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    SD

    Page 1. Description: Lunch - Discuss programming with rural development research partners. Date: 2017-04-12. Attendees: 7 (IDRC 3). Location: Ottawa. Total: $162.00. Comments: 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  18. 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    SD

    Page 1. Description: Dinner - Discuss IDRC's programming. Date: 2017-06-08. Attendees: 2 (IDRC 1). Location: Ottawa. Total: $213.12. Comments: 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  19. 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    chantal Taylor

    Page 1. Description: Lunch to discuss programming opportunities with UN representative. Date: 2016-04-06. Attendees: 2 (IDRC 2). Location: Ottawa. Total: $34.00. Comments: 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  20. 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    chantal Taylor

    Page 1. Description: Lunch to discuss health research programming in Africa. Date: 2016-04-15. Attendees: 3 (IDRC 2). Location: Ottawa. Total: $68.00. Comments: 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  1. Hiiu murdekeel Jean Baptiste Holzmayeri "Osilianas" / Helmi Neetar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neetar, Helmi

    1997-01-01

    Saaremaa muinasusundi ja rahvaluule koguja ning uurija Jean Baptiste Holzmayeri teosest "Osiliana" (II osa ilmus 1873) ja Pühalepa pastori von Segenbuschi kaastööst sellele ning uurimuses sisalduvatest hiiumurdelistest keelenditest

  2. 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Report for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Beata Bialic

    Page 1. Description: Lunch to discuss African development with leading researcher. Date: 2016-06-09. Attendees: 2 (IDRC 1). Location: Ottawa. Total: $49.60. Comments: 2016-2017 Hospitality Expense Report for. Jean Lebel, President.

  3. Jean Bodin, o Methodus e a Clio tucidideana: as figurações heroicizantes do historiador Jean Bodin, his ' Methodus' and Thucydides' Clio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Murari Pires

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Apreciando as representações figuradas na ideia de uma Clio Tucidideana por fins do século XVI, propõe-se refletir sobre a associação entre a concepção antiga de herói e a moderna de gênio como parâmetro epistemológico que catalisa a apreciação da excelência da práxis historiográfica. Aborda-se essa reflexão tomando em particular as proposições elaboradas sobre a escrita da História no Metodus de Jean Bodin que juntamente com La Popelinière e Thomas Hobbes configuram historiograficamente a ideia da Clio Tucidideana conceituada por Cesare Ripa.Considering the representations configured in the idea of a Thucydidean Clio in the end of the sixteenth century, the article proposes to think about the association between the ancient concept of the hero and the modern concept of the genius as a epistemological criterium that catalizes the appreciation of the excellence of historiographical praxis. The attention of the article is centered on the thesis proposed to the wrting of history in the Methodus of Jean Bodin, who configures, conjointly with La Popelinière and Thomas Hobbes, the historiographical formulation of the idea of a Thucydidean Clio cconceptualized by Cesare Ripa.

  4. Jean-Claude Brunet (1941 - 2016)

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Jean-Claude Brunet passed away on 27 February 2016.   Brunet joined CERN in 1966 and was one of the key players in the design of the colliders, from the ISR, the first Intersecting Storage Rings, to the LHC, not forgetting the AA, the first Antiproton Accumulator, and LEP. An engineer in the design office, he participated as a precursor to the development and implementation of many elements of the ultra-high vacuum (UHV) systems of these machines. He also played an important role in the design and construction of the LHC cryostats. As a leader, he was always open-minded and much appreciated by the younger generations. His strong energy led him to be a staff representative and one of the pillars of the touring section of the Ski Club. We have lost a creator, a traveller, a sailor, a mountaineer and a great friend. Our thoughts go to his wife, Marie-Claude and his family. His friends and former colleagues

  5. Abismos do reconhecimento: o legado sociofilosófico de Jean-Jacques Rousseau = Abysses of recognition: the sociophilosophical legacy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Honneth, Axel

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto se ocupa com a questão da interpretação da obra de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, em particular com suas referências sobre a dependência constitutiva em relação aos outros. Vista negativamente na crítica da cultura, mas positivamente nos esboços de um contrato social, o lugar dessa dependência constitutiva da confirmação e estima por parte dos outros está vinculada ao significado dado ao “amor próprio” nos diferentes textos; mas ela abre a possibilidade de interpretar Rousseau como um teórico do reconhecimento. O autor acompanha Rousseau em seu desenvolvimento teórico até o ponto em que ele se tornou consciente das exigências de uma forma sociocontratual, igualitária do reconhecimento mútuo, para depois expor a enorme influência que a ideia bipolar de Rousseau a respeito do reconhecimento social exerceu sobre a teoria social da modernidade: em sua variante negativa, a profunda necessidade dos seres humanos de sobrepujar os respectivos cossujeitos no grau de estima social, reinterpretada por Kant como sendo a força motriz do progresso cultural e social, e em sua variante positiva, o respeito mútuo entre iguais, desenvolvido por Fichte e Hegel na direção de uma teoria do reconhecimento relacionada ao direito e à moralidade. No final, Honneth discute o ceticismo com que Rousseau sempre viu a dependência de outros contida no “amor próprio”, deixando sem solução definitiva a tensão entre a ideia estoica de uma independência pessoal de toda avaliação alheia e a ideia intersubjetivista de uma profunda dependência do outro. (Resumo do editor

  6. THERMALLY DRIVEN ATMOSPHERIC ESCAPE: TRANSITION FROM HYDRODYNAMIC TO JEANS ESCAPE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Volkov, Alexey N.; Johnson, Robert E.; Tucker, Orenthal J.; Erwin, Justin T.

    2011-01-01

    Thermally driven escape from planetary atmospheres changes in nature from an organized outflow (hydrodynamic escape) to escape on a molecule-by-molecule basis (Jeans escape) with increasing Jeans parameter, λ, the ratio of the gravitational to thermal energy of the atmospheric molecules. This change is described here for the first time using the direct simulation Monte Carlo method. When heating is predominantly below the lower boundary of the simulation region, R 0 , and well below the exobase of a single-component atmosphere, the nature of the escape process changes over a surprisingly narrow range of Jeans parameters, λ 0 , evaluated at R 0 . For an atomic gas, the transition occurs over λ 0 ∼ 2-3, where the lower bound, λ 0 ∼ 2.1, corresponds to the upper limit for isentropic, supersonic outflow. For λ 0 > 3 escape occurs on a molecule-by-molecule basis and we show that, contrary to earlier suggestions, for λ 0 > ∼6 the escape rate does not deviate significantly from the familiar Jeans rate. In a gas composed of diatomic molecules, the transition shifts to λ 0 ∼ 2.4-3.6 and at λ 0 > ∼4 the escape rate increases a few tens of percent over that for the monatomic gas. Scaling by the Jeans parameter and the Knudsen number, these results can be applied to thermally induced escape of the major species from solar and extrasolar planets.

  7. New aspects of the Jeans instability in dusty plasmas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Verheest, Frank; Hellberg, Manfred A; Mace, Richard L

    1998-01-01

    In contrast to a gas, a dusty plasma can support a variety of wave modes each in principle able to impart to the dust grains the randomizing energy necessary to avoid Jeans collapse on some length scale. Consequently, the stability to Jeans collapse is more complex in a dusty plasma than it is for a charge-neutral gas. After recalling some of the fundamental ideas related to the ordinary Jeans instability in neutral gases, we will extend the discussion to plasmas containing charged dust grains. Besides the usual Jeans criterion based upon thermal agitation, various other ways of countering the gravitational collapse can be considered. One is via excitation of electrostatic dust-acoustic modes, the other via novel Alfven-Jeans instabilities for perpendicularly propagating electromagnetic waves on the extraordinary mode branch. The wavelengths that are unstable are modified due to the presence of a magnetic field and of charged particles. These mechanisms yield different minimum threshold length scales for the onset of instability/condensation

  8. We’re all behind you, Jean-Yves!

    CERN Multimedia

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2010-01-01

    Jean-Yves Le Meur, developer of the CERN Document Server (CDS) which manages the Organization’s electronic archives, is about to take part in his third Paralympic Winter Games in Vancouver. Don’t miss him on TV from 15th March onwards !   Jean-Yves, second from the right, participates in a five-day IT training programme in Rwanda. Jean-Yves Le Meur won his place in the 14-strong “Team France” (11 men and 3 women) that will compete at the 2010 Paralympic Winter Games in Vancouver via the qualifying events held in Austria and Italy in 2009. “It was really tough to get selected this time round. You either had to make a top-three finish in a World Cup event or win gold at the European Cup”, says Jean-Yves.     Jean-Yves will be competing in four alpine skiing events: the "Super G" (Super Giant Slalom), the Super Combined Slalom, the Giant Slalom and the Slalom. And given his good performances in ...

  9. Jeans' criterion and nonextensive velocity distribution function in kinetic theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Du Jiulin

    2004-01-01

    The effect of nonextensivity of self-gravitating systems on the Jeans' criterion for gravitational instability is studied in the framework of Tsallis statistics. The nonextensivity is introduced in the Jeans problem by a generalized q-nonextensive velocity distribution function through the equation of state of ideal gas in nonextensive kinetic theory. A new Jeans' criterion is deduced with a factor √(2/(5-3q)) that, however, differs from that one in [Astron. Astrophys. 396 (2002) 309] and new results of gravitational instability are analyzed for the nonextensive parameter q. An understanding of physical meaning of q and a possible seismic observation to find astronomical evidence for a value of q different from unity are also discussed

  10. Jean-Marie Dufour receives the Legion of Honour

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    French Ambassador Philippe Petit (left) presents the cross of Knight of the Légion d'Honneur to Jean-Marie Dufour. On Friday 22 June, Jean-Marie Dufour, Head of CERN's Legal Service, was made Knight of the Legion of Honour by Ambassador Philippe Petit, at a ceremony held at the Permanent Mission of France in Geneva. Ambassador Petit is Permanent Representative of France at the United Nations and French delegate at CERN. He was awarded the decoration in recognition of his services. He has played an active part in all the great stages of CERN's development, in fact, ranging from its scientific programmes, to its establishment in its Host States, Switzerland and France, and its opening up to the wider world. The ceremony took place in the presence of Professor Luciano Maiani. The award is an honour to CERN, and the Organization takes this opportunity to convey its friendliest congratulations to Jean-Marie Dufour, a committed European.

  11. Jeans instability with exchange effects in quantum dusty magnetoplasmas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jamil, M.; Rasheed, A.; Rozina, Ch.; Jung, Y.-D.; Salimullah, M.

    2015-01-01

    Jeans instability is examined in magnetized quantum dusty plasmas using the quantum hydrodynamic model. The quantum effects are considered via exchange-correlation potential, recoil effect, and Fermi degenerate pressure, in addition to thermal effects of plasma species. It is found that the electron exchange and correlation potential have significant effects over the threshold value of wave vector and Jeans instability. The presence of electron exchange and correlation effect shortens the time of dust sound that comparatively stabilizes the self gravitational collapse. The results at quantum scale are helpful in understanding the collapse of the self-gravitating dusty plasma systems

  12. Jeans instability of rotating magnetized quantum plasma: Influence of radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joshi, H., E-mail: hjoshi8525@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Mewar University, Chittorgarh (Raj.) India (India); Pensia, R. K. [Department of Physics, Govt. Girls College, Neemuch (M.P.) India (India)

    2015-07-31

    The effect of radiative heat-loss function and rotation on the Jeans instability of quantum plasma is investigated. The basic set of equations for this problem is constructed by considering quantum magnetohydrodynamic (QMHD) model. Using normal mode analysis, the general dispersion relation is obtained. This dispersion relation is studied in both, longitudinal and transverse direction of propagations. In both case of longitudinal and transverse direction of propagation, the Jeans instability criterion is modified due to presence of radiative heat-loss function and quantum correction.

  13. Nothing is Erased: Hubert Damisch and Jean Dubuffet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berrebi, S.

    2015-01-01

    Alongside his writings on the cloud, architecture, the Italian Renaissance, and cinema that established him as one of the most important art historians and philosophers working in France since the 1960s, Hubert Damisch (1928-) edited the four volumes of the writings of artist Jean Dubuffet

  14. Karl Popper and Jean Piaget: A Rationale for Constructivism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlow, Steve; Cummings, Rhoda; Aberasturi, Suzanne M.

    2006-01-01

    The current faddish use of the term constructivism has taken on as many different definitions as the number of people attempting to define it. This essay clarifies the meaning of constructivism through an examination of Karl Popper's and Jean Piaget's theories. The authors provide a rationale for the use of Popper's paradigm of "Three Worlds" and…

  15. 77 FR 56647 - Lisa Jean Sharp: Debarment Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... Act (the FD&C Act) permanently debarring Lisa Jean Sharp from providing services in any capacity to a...&C Act. Ms. Sharp was given notice of the proposed permanent debarment and an opportunity to request... drug product under the FD&C Act. The factual basis for this conviction is as follows: Ms. Sharp was the...

  16. Jean Dieudonné (1906-1992) mathematician

    CERN Document Server

    Cartier, P

    2005-01-01

    Jean Dieudonn\\'e has been one of the most influential French mathematicians during the 20$^{\\rm th}$ century, especially through his association -- even identification -- with the Bourbaki group. An excellent biography has been written by his friend P. Dugac, a historian of science [4]. We shall retrace here his long and distinguished career.

  17. 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chantal Taylor

    Purpose: Attend the Gender Summit 11. Date(s):. 2017-11-06 to 2017-11-09. Destination(s):. Montreal. Airfare: $0.00. Other. Transportation: $203.58. Accommodation: $639.03. Meals and. Incidentals: $241.37. Other: $0.00. Total: $1,083.98. Comments: 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for. Jean Lebel, President.

  18. 2016-2017 Travel Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Beata Bialic

    (s):. 2016-11-08. Destination(s):. Montreal. Airfare: $0.00. Other. Transportation: $333.58. Accommodation: $201.12. Meals and. Incidentals: $111.20. Other: $0.00. Total: $645.90. Comments: 2016-2017 Travel Expense Reports for Jean. Lebel ...

  19. 2016-2017 Travel Expense Report for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Beata Bialic

    Purpose: Attend C2 Conference in Montreal. Date(s):. 2016-05-24 to 2016-05-26. Destination(s):. Montreal. Airfare: $0.00. Other. Transportation: $144.32. Accommodation: $344.61. Meals and. Incidentals: $246.44. Other: $0.00. Total: $735.37. Comments: 2016-2017 Travel Expense Report for Jean. Lebel, President.

  20. 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    SD

    Purpose: Attend Public Policy Forum Dinner. Date(s):. 2017-04-19 to 2017-04-21. Destination(s):. Toronto. Airfare: $159.84. Other. Transportation: $25.25. Accommodation: $490.02. Meals and. Incidentals: $149.03. Other: $0.00. Total: $824.14. Comments: 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Jean. Lebel, President.

  1. 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Jean Lebel, President

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chantal Taylor

    Attend conference organized by the Montreal Council on Foreign. Relations. Date(s):. 2017-10-27. Destination(s):. Montreal. Airfare: $190.86. Other. Transportation: $60.00. Accommodation: $0.00. Meals and. Incidentals: $42.12. Other: $0.00. Total: $292.98. Comments: 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for. Jean Lebel ...

  2. Jean Desmet and the Early Dutch Film Trade

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blom, Ivo

    2003-01-01

    Since 1957 the Film Museum in Amsterdam has been in possession of the Desmet Collection which contains the estate of the Dutch cinema owner and film distributor Jean Desmet (1875-1956). The collection comprises almost nine hundred European and American films in all genres, a collection of publicity

  3. Performing the Narrators in Jean Stafford's "The Hope Chest."

    Science.gov (United States)

    JoAnn Niehaus, Sister

    "The Hope Chest," a short story by Jean Stafford, offers a challenge to the oral interpreter of literature because it demands that the performer demonstrate its complex narrative levels. There are five distinct facets in the personality of the central character, Miss Bellamy: a lonely, fearful old lady; a shrewd, hospitable mistress of…

  4. Gravitation Field Dynamics in Jeans Theory A. A. Stupka

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Key words. Time equations—Jeans ... A as longitudinal vector potential, however, one should remember that it is a new generalized co-ordinate of .... Further, it is convenient to consider the equation (9) in the picture of spatial depen- dence of ...

  5. Hannah Arendt & Jean Baudrillard: Pedagogy in the Consumer Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Trevor

    2006-01-01

    This paper considers the place of education within our "consumers' society", beginning with Hannah Arendt's account of the rise of consumerism to a position of political dominance and the resulting eclipse of public life. Connections are then made between Arendt's account of this rise and Jean Baudrillard's account of the postmodern proliferation…

  6. Reklaamid nagu kino / Jean Marie Bouriscot ; interv.Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bouriscot, Jean Marie

    2001-01-01

    Sakala keskuses toimus reedel 6. korda reklaamiõgijate öö, kus näidati reklaamiklippe Jean Marie Bouriscotþ kogust. Kogu omanik polnud küll seekord ise kohal, kuid vastas siiski ajakirjaniku küsimustele oma huviala kohta

  7. Ajalool on ajaloolaste nägu / Jean-Claude Schmitt ; interv. Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schmitt, Jean-Claude

    2004-01-01

    Intervjuu ajaloolase Jean-Claude Schmittiga. Ilm. ka: Keha, pilt ja unenägu : intervjuu Jean-Claude Scmittiga // Schmitt, Jean-Claude. Püha hurdakoer : Guinefort - lasteravija 13. sajandist. - Tallinn, 2000. - Lk. 296-305 ; Kuidas kirjutatakse ajalugu? // Tamm, Marek. Kuidas kirjutatakse ajalugu? - Tallinn, 2007. - 161-177

  8. Streaming Jeans-Alfvén Instability in Quantum Magnetoplasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamil, M.; Rasheed, A.; Hadi, F.; Ali, G.; Ayub, M.

    2017-10-01

    The physical mechanism of magnetosonic perturbations which modifies the Jeans instability in streaming quantum dusty magnetoplasmas is examined. These perturbations are low frequency and electromagnetic in nature that propagate with Alfvén speed. The fluid model consisting of momentum balance equations for quantum plasmas, Poisson's equation for gravitational potential, and Maxwell's equations for magnetosonic perturbations is used for the coupled solution. The numerical analysis of the dispersion relation elaborates the significant contribution of streaming speed of plasma species at equilibrium v0, uniform external magnetic field B0, electron number density at equilibrium n0e, and variable dust mass md over the Jeans instability. This study helps to understand the possible mechanism responsible for the formation of astrophysical objects.

  9. Luciano Maiani and Jean Iliopoulos awarded the Dirac Medal

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Luciano Maiani, when he was Director-General of CERN. Jean Iliopoulos in 1999. (©CNRS Photothèque - Julien Quideau)On 8 August, the 2007 Dirac Medal, one of the most prestigious prizes in the fields of theoretical physics and mathematics, was awarded to Luciano Maiani, professor at Rome’s La Sapienza University and former Director-General of CERN, and to Jean Iliopoulos, emeritus Director of Research at the CNRS Laboratory of Theoretical Physics. The medal was awarded to both physicists for their joint "work on the physics of the charm quark, a major contribution to the birth of the Standard Model, the modern theory of Elementary Particles." Founded by the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in 1985, the Dirac Medal is awarded annually on 8 August, the birthday of the famous physicist Paul Dirac, winner of the 1933 Nobel Prize for Physics. It is awarded to ...

  10. 2337-IJBCS-Article-Jean Claude Kamb T

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Jean-Claude KAMB TSHIJIK 1*, Séraphin NDEY IFUTA2, .... type Aw4 suivant la classification de Köppen. ... trois classes de qualité des eaux (Evrard, ... analyse de regroupement (cluster analysis) .... de Pielou calculées pour l'ensemble des ..... in k u sa. S+Vg (G). I. 1. 12. 2. 5. 28. 3. 5. V+MO (A). I. 2. 3. 4 2. 2. 68. 1. 1.

  11. PROBLEM PENDIDIKAN VIDEO GAMES DALAM PERSPEKTIF TEORI SIMULACRA JEAN BAUDRILLARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Murtiningsih, Joko Siswanto, M. Mukhtasar Syamsudin

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Education Problems of Video Games in the Perspective of Jean Baudrillard’s Theory of Simulacra. In the era of digital age, we are witnessing how video games penetrate children’s daily life and it is believed to have some impacts on their cognitive and affective processes. Referring to hermeneutical approach, the present library research seeks to answer the question whether video games create a real identity or simply forge false consciousness in children. In the first step, the data were collected from bibliographi­cal sources that related to data. In the second step, the data were analyzed to examine the pedagogical-philosophical properties of the video games. The results indicate that video games change the way children view the world. Video games present the world as hiper-reality. Bu putting aside the negative values and maximizing the positive ones, the understanding of hiper-reality allows for the inculcation of children. Abstrak: Problem Pendidikan Video Games dalam Perspectif Teori Simulacra Jean Baudrillard. Permainan video games diyakini berdampak positif sekaligus negatif pada proses kognitif dan afektif anak.-anak. Terutama, video games berpengaruh pada proses internalisasi nilai-nilai dan pembentukan identitas mereka. Teknologi virtual yang disajikan oleh video games, seperti didekati oleh teori simulacra Jean Baudrillard, menyuguhkan jebakan akan realitas palsu. Melalui riset pustaka dengan metode "filsafat her­meneutis", dianalisis data untuk membangun refleksi filsafat pendidikan atas permainan video games itu. Hasil penelitian ini menyatakan video games menyuguhkan sebuah hiper-realitas dari simulasi realitas, atau simulacra dalam teori Jean Baudrillard. Simulacra adalah dunia yang terbentuk dari salinan realitas, yang menjadi acuan melebihi realitas asli. Disimpulkan bahwa video games menjadi semacam “ruang konseptual”, yang dibentuk oleh simulacra. Dengan mengenali hakikat hiper-realitas, video games dapat

  12. PROBLEM PENDIDIKAN VIDEO GAMES DALAM PERSPEKTIF TEORI SIMULACRA JEAN BAUDRILLARD

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Murtiningsih, Joko Siswanto, M. Mukhtasar Syamsudin

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: Education Problems of Video Games in the Perspective of Jean Baudrillard’s Theory of Simulacra. In the era of digital age, we are witnessing how video games penetrate children’s daily life and it is believed to have some impacts on their cognitive and affective processes. Referring to hermeneutical approach, the present library research seeks to answer the question whether video games create a real identity or simply forge false consciousness in children. In the first step, the data...

  13. Jean-Jacques Rousseau gramatólogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Camarero

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available An analysis about Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s contribution to the theory of writing and the grammatology. This analysis contains a systematic comparison of the rousseaunian ideas about the language and the writing with another theories of the 17th (Arnauld and Lancelot, 18th (Condillac, Paillasson, Jaucourt and 20th centuries (Saussure. The contrast of Rousseau’s ideas to Saussure’s about writing also, allows to make explicit Rousseau’s grammatological ideas’s big importance and his relation with the grammatology (Gelb,Derrida, Harris, exceeding avant la lettre modern linguistics’s phonocentrism.

  14. Jean Giono mellom perlehøna og verden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guri Ellen Barstad

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Jean Giono er lite kjent i Skandinavia. Bare to av de første romanene hans, Un de Baumugnes (1929 og Regain (1930, er oversatt til norsk. Begge tilhører den såkalte Pan-trilogien. Giono er den franske forfatteren som oftest blir sammenlignet med Knut Hamsun. Dette skyldes vel først og fremst naturfølelsen og den lyriske stilen, men også vandrerens sentrale plass i romanuniverset. Med sine underlige personer og oppløsning av den tradisjonelle formen blir Giono dessuten betraktet som en forløper for den franske nyromanen.

  15. Jean Piaget: Images of a life and his factory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

    2012-08-01

    In this article, I use a new book about Jean Piaget to introduce a new historical method: examining "psychological factories." I also discuss some of the ways that "Great Men" are presented in the literature, as well as opportunities for new projects if one approaches the history of the discipline differently and examines the conditions that made that greatness possible. To that end, the article includes many details about Piaget that have never before been discussed in English. Attention is drawn, in particular, to Piaget's collaborators: the hundreds of workers at his factory in Geneva, many of whom were women. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).

  16. Effect of magnetic field and radiative condensation on the Jeans instability of dusty plasma with polarization force

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prajapati, R.P.

    2013-01-01

    The Jeans instability of self-gravitating dusty plasma with polarization force is investigated considering the effects of magnetic field, dust temperature and radiative condensation. The condition of Jeans instability and expression of critical Jeans wave number are obtained which depend upon polarization force and dust temperature but these are unaffected by the presence of magnetic field. The radiative heat-loss functions also modify the Jeans condition of instability and expression of critical Jeans wave number. It is observed that the polarization force and ratio of radiative heat-loss functions have destabilizing while magnetic field and dust temperature have stabilizing influence on the growth rate of Jeans instability.

  17. Leguay Jean-Pierre, 1999, La pollution au Moyen-Âge, Edition Jean-Paul Gisserot, Paris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine Rousseau

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Si vous aviez du Moyen-Âge la vision qu’en donnent certaines gravures : une belle princesse au bras d’un preux chevalier, Jean-Pierre Leguay, professeur d’histoire médiévale à l’université de Haute-Normandie, risque de vous surprendre. En effet, son ouvrage, La pollution au Moyen-Âge modifiera sans doute cette vision idyllique. Pour commencer, sachez que la princesse et son preux chevalier ont les pieds dans la boue, une boue composée de la fange, d’excréments humains, de déchets des bouchers...

  18. Leguay Jean-Pierre, 1999, La pollution au Moyen-Âge, Edition Jean-Paul Gisserot, Paris

    OpenAIRE

    Rousseau, Sandrine

    2004-01-01

    Si vous aviez du Moyen-Âge la vision qu’en donnent certaines gravures : une belle princesse au bras d’un preux chevalier, Jean-Pierre Leguay, professeur d’histoire médiévale à l’université de Haute-Normandie, risque de vous surprendre. En effet, son ouvrage, La pollution au Moyen-Âge modifiera sans doute cette vision idyllique. Pour commencer, sachez que la princesse et son preux chevalier ont les pieds dans la boue, une boue composée de la fange, d’excréments humains, de déchets des bouchers...

  19. Jean Picard og Ole Rømer på Hven

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kurt Møller

    2011-01-01

    Jean Picards rejse til Hven og København i 1671/72 for at bestemme længdeforskellen mellem Tycho Brahes observatorier og observatoriet i Paris.......Jean Picards rejse til Hven og København i 1671/72 for at bestemme længdeforskellen mellem Tycho Brahes observatorier og observatoriet i Paris....

  20. Writings and correspondence: 1961-1985: Hubert Damisch and Jean Dubuffet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berrebi, S.

    2015-01-01

    This dossier comprises a selection of the correspondence between Hubert Damisch and Jean Dubuffet as well as six essays written by Damisch on Dubuffet between 1962 and 1985. Both the correspondence and texts are here published in English for the first time. "Jean Dubuffet and the Awakening of

  1. The early evolution of Jean Piaget's clinical method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Susan Jean

    2005-11-01

    This article analyzes the early evolution of Jean Piaget's renowned "clinical method" in order to investigate the method's strikingly original and generative character. Throughout his 1st decade in the field, Piaget frequently discussed and justified the many different approaches to data collection he used. Analysis of his methodological progression during this period reveals that Piaget's determination to access the genuine convictions of children eventually led him to combine 3 distinct traditions in which he had been trained-naturalistic observation, psychometrics, and the psychiatric clinical examination. It was in this amalgam, first evident in his 4th text, that Piaget discovered the clinical dynamic that would drive the classic experiments for which he is most well known.

  2. Le double destin des archives Jean Sénac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Nacer-Khodja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Les archives Jean Sénac (1926‑1973 sont constituées de deux fonds : un fonds déposé à la bibliothèque municipale de Marseille et un autre à la Bibliothèque nationale d’Algérie. Le premier fonds regroupe essentiellement les manuscrits de la période de l’écrivain en France (1950‑1952 et 1954‑1962. Le fonds de la Bibliothèque nationale d’Algérie – le plus riche quantitativement – correspond à deux grandes périodes de la vie et de l’œuvre de Sénac en Algérie, soit de 1926 à 1950 et de 1962 à 1973.

  3. Grafmeyer Yves, Authier Jean-Yves, Sociologie urbaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anaïs Van Sull

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Yves Grafmeyer et Jean-Yves Authier ont consacré la plupart de leurs travaux de recherche aux questions de l’espace urbain et de la socialisation qui y prend place. L’ouvrage qu’ils proposent, enrichi et actualisé par rapport à la première édition, aborde les différents objets, méthodes et problématiques qui peuvent être insérés dans le champ de la sociologie urbaine. S’ils reconnaissent une large part d’arbitraire dans les concepts et courants retenus, on ne peut que se réjouir des nouvelles...

  4. Jean Fourastié, un expert en comptabilité

    OpenAIRE

    Boulat, Régis

    2010-01-01

    Qui ne connait pas Jean Fourastié, auteur de la formule des “Trente Glorieuses” et de plusieurs essais économiques grand public qui, en décrivant les mécanismes économiques de long terme, ont dévoilé aux Français le sens et la portée des transformations que leur pays connait après la guerre ? Pourtant, les amalgames les oublis et les simplifications montrent qu'il est un “inconnu célèbre”. Dans ce contexte, et à la lumière de recherches récentes, son rôle dans l'harmonisation des pratiques co...

  5. Jean Frémon/Rue du Regard

    OpenAIRE

    Mokhtari, Sylvie

    2012-01-01

    La prose de Jean Frémon sur la peinture se déploie ici en 48 courts textes, dont une bonne moitié d’entre eux avait déjà connu une première édition dans des revues. Abordés isolément, les œuvres de Bill Viola, David Hockney, Antoni Tàpies, Gilles Aillaud, Roy Lichtenstein… sont soumises à la traduction littéraire qu’en donne le « regardeur de tableau, jardinier, journalier, vagabond » et écrivain. J. Frémon chemine entre art et littérature à la rencontre d’artistes qui l’interpellent dans l’H...

  6. Jean Gadrey, Nouvelle économie, nouveau mythe ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available La « nouvelle économie » est partout dans les médias nord-américains, comme européens. L’ouvrage de Jean Gadrey est rafraîchissant, car il présente une critique et une analyse minutieuse du concept, de son apparition, des développements qui y sont associés, des thèses et idées défendues au nom de la « nouvelle économie ».Comme il le note bien « les mythes mobilisateurs fleurissent, mais la réflexion sur les contours de cet âge et sur les risques sociaux à prévenir est inexistante : les formul...

  7. The Modern Idea of Progress by Jean A. Condorcet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Podgórski Ryszard

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The 18th century is the opening to cognitive progress (epistemology which becomes the core of historical progress. They were defined more precisely by Robert Turgot (1727-1781. Turgot’s lecture entitled Discours sur l´histoire universalle of 1750 significantly contributed to the notion of “progress”. The lecture presented a broad programme of historical studies whose object was humanity striving for perfection. Turgot’s programme was implemented by his friend Jean Antoine de Condorcet (1743-1794. He contained the interpretation of his programme of historical progress in Esquisse d´un tableau historique des progrés de l´esprit humain (A sketch of the picture of progress of human spirit through the ages. It was 1794 and in that year Condorcet was imprisoned. Jean Antoine de Condorcet proposed a secular mechanism of progress which was to take place through development of knowledge and science. In his outline of the development of humanity, Condorcet emphasised that the progress of humanity occurs because of efforts of people without interference of divine factors. Man is able to improve due to his own mind. The history of humanity is presented in his philosophy as a linear, continuous process taking place along a rising line, whereas the description of progress includes both past times and the future. In this way, Condorcet showed the perspective of further development of humanity in the direction of a system consistent with the law of nature and the complete elimination of suffering. This view of Condorcet motivated August Comte (1798-1857 when he built the “first philosophy”, and Claude Adrien Helvétius (1715-1771 and Paul Henry d´Holbach (1723-1789.

  8. Effect of polarization force on the Jeans instability of self-gravitating dusty plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prajapati, R.P.

    2011-01-01

    The effect of polarization force acting on massive charged dust grains is investigated analytically on the Jeans instability of self-gravitating dusty plasma. The gravitational force acting on the massive negatively charged interstellar dust grains are considered in presence of both electrical and polarization forces. The basic equations of the problem are formulated and a general dispersion relation is obtained using plane wave approximation in low frequency wave mode. The effect of polarization force in the dispersion relation of the problem, condition of the Jeans instability and expression of the critical Jeans wave number is examined. The unstable growing modes due to self-gravitational force are studied in the situation when polarization force on the dust grain exceeds over the electrical force in magnitude. It is observed that the polarization force increases the growth rate of the system. -- Highlights: → Jeans instability of gravitating dusty plasma with polarization force is investigated. → The fundamental Jeans instability criterion is modified due to polarization effect. → The critical Jeans length decreases due to increase in polarization force. → Polarization force destabilizes the unstable Jeans mode. → The collapsing of interstellar dusty cloud is discussed.

  9. The effect of spin induced magnetization on Jeans instability of viscous and resistive quantum plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2014-01-01

    The effect of spin induced magnetization and electrical resistivity incorporating the viscosity of the medium is examined on the Jeans instability of quantum magnetoplasma. Formulation of the system is done by using the quantum magnetohydrodynamic model. The analysis of the problem is carried out by normal mode analysis theory. The general dispersion relation is derived from set of perturbed equations to analyse the growth rate and condition of self-gravitational Jeans instability. To discuss the influence of resistivity, magnetization, and viscosity parameters on Jeans instability, the general dispersion relation is reduced for both transverse and longitudinal mode of propagations. In the case of transverse propagation, the gravitating mode is found to be affected by the viscosity, magnetization, resistivity, and magnetic field strength whereas Jeans criterion of instability is modified by the magnetization and quantum parameter. In the longitudinal mode of propagation, the gravitating mode is found to be modified due to the viscosity and quantum correction in which the Jeans condition of instability is influenced only by quantum parameter. The other non-gravitating Alfven mode in this direction is affected by finite electrical resistivity, spin induced magnetization, and viscosity. The numerical study for the growth rate of Jeans instability is carried out for both in the transverse and longitudinal direction of propagation to the magnetic field. The effect of various parameters on the growth rate of Jeans instability in quantum plasma is analysed

  10. Effect of secondary electron emission on the Jeans instability in a dusty plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sarkar, Susmita; Roy, Banamali; Maity, Saumyen; Khan, Manoranjan; Gupta, M. R.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper the effect of secondary electron emission on Jeans instability in a dusty plasma has been investigated. Due to secondary electron emission, dust grains may have two stable equilibrium states out of which one is negative and the other is positive. Here both cases have been considered separately. It has been shown that secondary electron emission enhances Jeans instability when equilibrium dust charge is negative. It has also been shown that growth rate of Jeans instability reduces with increasing secondary electron emission when equilibrium dust charge is positive

  11. Jeans instability of magnetized quantum plasma: Effect of viscosity, rotation and finite Larmor radius corrections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jain, Shweta; Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2015-01-01

    The Jeans instability of self-gravitating quantum plasma is examined considering the effects of viscosity, finite Larmor radius (FLR) corrections and rotation. The analysis is done by normal mode analysis theory with the help of relevant linearized perturbation equations of the problem. The general dispersion relation is obtained using the quantum magneto hydrodynamic model. The modified condition of Jeans instability is obtained and the numerical calculations have been performed to show the effects of various parameters on the growth rate of Jeans instability

  12. Sovereignty and Democracy in Global Times: acutality of the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Political Philosophy and the limits of the social contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Baccega

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available SOBERANIA E DEMOCRACIA EM TEMPOS MUNDIALIZADOS: ATUALIDADE DA FILOSOFIA POLÍTICA DE JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU E OS LIMITES DO CONTRATO SOCIAL Resumo: este artigo visa a problematizar os (descaminhos dos conceitos políticos e das práticas sociais e jurídicas em torno da soberania política do Estado Nacional e da democracia nos tempos de mundialização do Capital. Portanto, revisita e percorre uma breve arqueologia conceitual da Soberania, desde Isidoro de Sevilha até a clássica definição de Jean Bodin nos Seis Livros sobre a República (1576. O propósito é problematizar a filosofia política de Rousseau para, então, perceber e discutir seus limites suas virtualidades, bem como a atualidade de sua noção de Contrato Social e o papel da Filosofia Política na Era do Capital Global. Palavras-chave: Rousseau. Soberania. Mundialização do Capital. Abstract: this paper casts doubt on the ways and shunts of political concepts and social and legal practices concerning political sovereignty of the Nation State and democracy at the time of Capital’s globalization. It revisits a brief conceptual archeology of Sovereignty, since Isidore of Seville to the classical definition by Jean Bodin in The Six Books on the Republic (1576. The purpose is casting doubt on the political philosophy of Rousseau, in order to discuss its limits and virtualities, and the topicality of his notion of social contract and the role of Political Philosophy at the Age of Global Capital. Keywords: Rousseau. Sovereignty. Globalization of Capital.

  13. [Fatal diseases and "imaginary" suffering. "Hypochondria" and "consumption" in the correspondence between Jean Paul and Johann Bernhard Hermann, with a perspective on Jean Paul's literature and aesthetics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, Monika

    2007-01-01

    The German writerJean Paul (Johann Paul Friedrich Richter, 1763-1825) and his friendJohann Bernhard Hermann (1761-1790) became acquainted with the thoughts of late Enlightenment at the University of Leipzig. They particularly appreciated the anthropology of Ernst Platner, who taught philosophy and aesthetics as well as medicine. Their confidential correspondence contains reflections on their respective situation and well being. Both write about feeling ill and label their illness "hypochondria". In the course of the correspondence Jean Paul's understanding of hypochondria evolves from an illness of the entrails as he follows Hermann, who supports the modern concept of hypochondria as an illness of the nerves. Two important themes from this correspondence recur in Jean Paul's novels and tales: firstly, his way of expressing comfort is related to his aesthetics, and secondly, the satirical way of portraying at least certain aspects of illness as imaginary reappears in his first successful novel "The Invisible Lodge" (1793).

  14. Mustamäe Jeans & Sport kujundati nädalaga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Kauplusele Jeans & Sport määras sisekujundaja Urmas Alling punased trepid ja laetalad ning must-valge värvikombinatsiooni, ülejäänud sisekujunduse eest kandis õnnestunult hoolt reklaamijuht Urmas Priske

  15. In memory of Jean-François Stéphan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchet, René

    2016-01-01

    This thematic issue of Comptes rendus Geoscience has been assembled to honor the memory of our late colleague and friend Jean-François Stéphan, whose remarkable scientific and community-directed activity has left a deep imprint on both the French and the International Earth Science communities. This volume brings together contributions of colleagues of Jean-François who were also close friends. Naturally, tectonics is the common theme of these contributions. Some of the papers presented here focus on tectonic questions and/or regions Jean-François worked on during his career; other papers present studies Jean-François motivated or encouraged in one way or another. Taken together, the papers of this thematic issue take the reader on a beautiful trip, from past to current tectonics.

  16. 2015-2016 Travel and Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ruxandra Staicu

    Page 1. Description: Lunch to discuss strategic development of health programming. Date: 2016-01-26. Attendees: 2 (IDRC 1). Location: Ottawa. Total: $46.69. Comments: 2015-2016 Travel and Hospitality Expense. Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  17. 2015-2016 Travel and Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ruxandra Staicu

    Page 1. Description: Lunch to discuss IDRC's mandate and programming. Date: 2016-02-01. Attendees: 3 (IDRC 2). Location: Ottawa. Total: $20.75. Comments: 2015-2016 Travel and Hospitality Expense. Reports for Jean Lebel, President.

  18. JEAN CLAUDE RENARD: (POETRY AS CRAFT OF TRANSPARENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Sagrario Rollán

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The work of Jean-Claude Renard (Toulon 1922- Paris 2002 appears from the beginning marked by the metaphor of the journey - Songs for land lost (1947, and the craft of transparency. The poet begins the journey - that originates in the experience of death and destruction of a world shaken by the war, with a word that transcends the nonsense, and calls for “the country where forgiveness is / and are childhoods “a word that is built in search of human spaces and anticipates them. The adventure through the exercise of Solitude (1951, requirement beyond itself, a kind of internal and painful split: “I am separated from my heart,” releasing it, in turn, to the knowledge of the world and the gift that transfigures. The metamorphosis of the World (1951 takes place in the act of writing itself, for in him a knowledge of the essential reality is given, from which the party of pure celebrated say, “Oh breathing started / in the center of the loaf and snow “. Poetry as craft of transparency J.C. Renard develops in Un autre parole  (1981, prose poetry admirably clarifies its internal relations with theology and mysticism. The poet moves beyond “ailleurs” to a previous or future place of reconciliation and love letters between beings: “One happy pasture / leads above child / each wisdom to your name / and every love your body.”

  19. [Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey: the founder of urological traumatology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatzinger, M; Ameijenda, C; Lent, V; Sohn, M

    2012-12-01

    Dominique-Jean Larrey (1766-1842) was Surgeon-in-Chief of the Grande Army under Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) and personal physician of the Emperor. Against the opposition of the traditionalists he introduced the "ambulances volantes", the so-called flying ambulances. The aim was the medical treatment of the injured soldiers immediately on the battlefield. This revolutionary treatment led to a benefit not only for the own soldiers, but also for the wounded enemies. His innovation in the field of immediate assistance of wounded persons, together with Larreys' outstanding medical competence, saved thousands of soldiers lives on the battlefield of the Napoleonic wars. His memories concerning the military campaigns, have been even up to the 20th century one of the standard works of modern military surgery. He had as well great interest in urolological injuries of the urinary system and their conservative and operative care. Up to these days, his work shows a surprising actuality and perfect anatomic understanding. In a time without anaesthetics, antibiotics and under primitive circumstances, Larrey and his collegues accomplished surgical feats. Larreys flying ambulances were copied by many different countries. The American Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (M.A.S.H) is clearly based on his thoughts and ideals. In our opinion he is the father of the modern war surgery as well the urological traumatology. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. La ricetta di Jean Giono. Rammendi di paesaggi rurali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Corsani

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Today’s attention paid to food, related to the challenges to sustainability of its production and to the large numbers of humans, must not relegate its spiritual features into a corner. Lettre aux paysans sur la pauvreté et la paix (1938 of the Occcitan writer Jean Giono is not a praise of poverty but the praise of a modest measure, linked to the dramatic situation of that time but generally valid. The Lettre is now a classic. We present it starting from the recipe of a vegetable soup, humble fulcrum of the author’s message meant to announce the reform of the rural world. The topic of the letter has an arrival point with L’homme qui plantait des arbres, written by Giono in 1953 and published in 1980, gaining a success ever renewed; the Italian translation, L’uomo che piantava gli alberi obtained a similar success. There is not mention of the food but its environmental premises perform a protagonist role.

  1. Jean Alesi and his son Giuliano visited CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Emma Jones

    2010-01-01

    Jean Alesi, former F1 racing driver, and his kids visited CERN on Monday 1st February 2010. The Bulletin and the Video productions team had the opportunity to meet him. The video interview is transcribed for your convenience. What attracted you to CERN, what was it that made you want to come? We talked at home with the children about places to see close to us, like CERN, where they are seeking to reproduce the origins of the world. These things are so far removed from what we ordinarily think and talk about, that they captured our imagination and made us want to come see for ourselves. We know that your son (Giuliano, 9 years) is interested in what is happening at CERN, so we'd like to ask him: how did he find out about it? Giuliano: I am very interested in the technologies used in laboratories, and the exploration of the Universe. Plus, I wanted to see some of the incredible machines. I enjoyed my visit a lot. I found out about CERN from my mother. She showed me a video that I really liked, so I wanted to...

  2. The Chiasmus of Mourning and Identification in Jean Genet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Benson

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available The theories of psychological identification proposed by Sigmund Freud and Kaja Silverman are explored in relation to Jean Genet's Funeral Rites and his later essay on Rembrandt. Genet can be seen to separate mourning (which for Freud lies at the basis of identification from a process of generalized identification in which his difference from other people dissolves. A narcissistic formation of personality, evident in the symbolism of mirrors in Funeral Rites , gives to this process an added impetus. But the fundamental condition of possibility for such generalized identification is the void it reveals at the center of all personality. This void not only makes possible the different kinds of identification (heteropathic and idiopathic described by Silverman, it also disturbs any clear distinction between them. It is for these reasons that the glamorization of Nazism in Funeral Rites is coextensive with a demystification of its power, and the often brutal eroticism of the book is suffused with an ineradicable dimension of tenderness. Taken further in the essay on Rembrandt, these themes lead to an ambiguous mysticism in which the source of creativity is revealed as inseparable from its ultimate obliteration.

  3. EL PSICOANÁLISIS EXISTENCIAL DE JEAN-PAUL SARTRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Rodríguez M.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta ponencia se refiere al aparte «El psicoanálisis existencial», sección I del capítulo II de la cuarta parte del libro El ser y la nada, de Jean-Paul Sartre (JPS, publicado por ediciones Gallimard en 1943. Este aparte del libro básicamente define lo que entiende JPS por psicoanálisis existencial, por oposición a los llamados por él «psicoanálisis empírico» y «psicoanálisis de Freud y sus discípulos». Este capítulo es además importante porque aquí se encuentran varios de los temas más recurrentes en la filosofía sartriana, como son los temas de la libertad, Dios como para– sí del hombre y la razón como luz que descubre las últimas evidencias. A pesar de la reconocida «inspiración freudiana», además de Freud, este aparte arremete contra algunos de los pensadores que critica la obra sartriana: Kant, Nietzsche, Heidegger.

  4. Man with a Mission: Jean-Dominique Cassini

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkora, Leila

    2004-03-01

    Jean-Dominique Cassini, for whom the Cassini mission to Saturn is named, is best known for his early understanding of that planet's rings. This article is an overview of his influential career in astronomy and other scientific fields.= Born in Italy in1625 and formally educated at an early age, he was a professor of astronomy at the University of Bologna, a leading center of learning in Europe of the time. He was an early observer of Jupiter, Mars, and Venus. He is best known for constructing a giant pinhole camera in a cathedral that he used with a meridian line on the floor to track the Sun's image through the year, thus providing the Catholic Church with a reliable calendar. Cassini also used the pinhole camera observations to calculate the variation in the distance between the Sun and Earth, thus lending support to the Copernican (Sun-centered) view of the solar system. Cassini moved to Paris at the request of King Louis XIV, originally to oversee the surveying needed for a new map system of France, but ultimately he took over as the director of the Paris Observatory. Cassini's descendants ran the observatory there for the following century.

  5. Pedagical enlightenment and natural education in Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Eduardo Wendt

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The essay discusses the importance of Jean-Jacques Rousseau for modern pedagogy, by being grounded on his philosophical-pedagogical work Émile or On Education. It seeks to present the meaning of pedagogical enlightenment as well as the concept of natural education, and the two great novelties brought by Rousseau to the educational realm, i.e., the concept of infancy and of education. In this perspective, it analyzes the three main interpretations to which Rousseau’s enlightenment was submitted along history: As an optimist of reason, primitivist and dialectician of reason. Assuming the Genevan’s thought as a defender of a dialectics of reason, the essay seeks to reflect the unfolding which every concept provokes to its project of natural education and how it reflects in the cognitive and moral development of the infants. At last it deals with the presentation of two innovations which Rousseau brings to the realm of education, the first one which deals with the concept of infancy, and the second one which deals with the pedagogical concept as a whole, by considering the phases of biological, cognitive and moral maturing, where each child is encountered.

  6. Spécificité pastorale de la personnalité de Jean-Paul II selon Jean-Marie Lustiger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryszard Biernat

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Marie Lustiger admired John Paul II and he was devoted to him. They both had similar origin. The Cardinal of Paris often accompanied the pope in his pastoral visits. He perceived John Paul II as the man of Providence. He was convinced that God had prepared him to this role. Jean-Marie Lustiger emphasized the attitudes of John Paul II that attracted the attention and admiration of observers. For instance: pray, holiness, attentive pastor and good relation with young people. Jean-Marie Lustiger as an attentive observer also focused his attention on the pastoral methods of John Paul II. In his utterances he often perceived the following methods: each person was important, defense of person’s dignity, the ability to speak with each man, modern language, importance of the pastoral visits and sui generis spiritual pedagogic. Jean-Marie Lustiger noticed radical change of perspective in preaching and in pastoral action of John Paul II. According to him the pope perceived the challenges of the modern times, evaluated needs of the humanity and gave the appropriate answers. For these he did not choose politics, sociology or even anthropology as a re fl ection but addressed to the hurt human who was redeem by Jesus Christ.

  7. Jeans instability in collisional strongly coupled dusty plasma with radiative condensation and polarization force

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prajapati, R. P.; Bhakta, S.; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2016-01-01

    The influence of dust-neutral collisions, polarization force, and electron radiative condensation is analysed on the Jeans (gravitational) instability of partially ionized strongly coupled dusty plasma (SCDP) using linear perturbation (normal mode) analysis. The Boltzmann distributed ions, dynamics of inertialess electrons, charged dust and neutral particles are considered. Using the plane wave solutions, a general dispersion relation is derived which is modified due to the presence of dust-neutral collisions, strong coupling effect, polarization force, electron radiative condensation, and Jeans dust/neutral frequencies. In the long wavelength perturbations, the Jeans instability criterion depends upon strong coupling effect, polarization interaction parameter, and thermal loss, but it is independent of dust-neutral collision frequency. The stability of the considered configuration is analysed using the Routh–Hurwitz criterion. The growth rates of Jeans instability are illustrated, and stabilizing influence of viscoelasticity and dust-neutral collision frequency while destabilizing effect of electron radiative condensation, polarization force, and Jeans dust-neutral frequency ratio is observed. This work is applied to understand the gravitational collapse of SCDP with dust-neutral collisions.

  8. On Jewish Being: Notes on Jean Améry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Benjamin

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available That the question of identity takes on a sense of urgency, one with its own possibilities and impossibilities, the moment that identity is bound up with death, is hardy surprising. What follows are a series of reflections on the question of identity, Jewish identity, raised by Jean Améry’s remarkable text On the Necessity and Impossibility of Being a Jew (Über Zwang und Unmöglichkeit, Jude zu sein. Améry’s text was of course published in the wake of his own experiences as an active member of the resistance, as having been imprisoned in Auschwitz and as the victim of torture. Philosophically, rather than biographically, if there were a point of comparison, then it is to Levinas’s 1947 text Etre juif. Both pose the problem of how the question of Jewish identity, Jewish being, is to be understood in the wake of the Shoah. The meaning of the formulations - Jude zu sein, Jude sein, Etre juif, Jewish being – delimits the question to be addressed. This will be the case even if its point of address, namely what the question stages, is itself far from straightforward. Moreover, while what is demanded within that question is itself philosophically important, it is equally the case that the question of Jewish being is at work within both communities and synagogues across the Jewish world. As a consequence it is as much a philosophical question as it is one that has a structuring effect on how Jewish survival is conceived (and thus equally on what that survival is taken to be. How survival is understood is an issue that continues to exert its force. Who is the subject of survival? What is the subject of survival? Who or what has been subjected to the issue of survival? Survival is both more nuanced and complex than the brute fact of an afterlife. Jewish being as a present question – a question of the present - continues therefore.

  9. BOOK REVIEW: Jean-Charles Houzeau et son temps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Verhas, P.

    2002-12-01

    This is a wonderful book. It describes the life and work of Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau (1820-1888) and, as the last three words of the title indicate, it has a broader focus including the social, industrial and scientific context of the second part of the 19th century. This is set in a very broad international social context including social revolutions in Belgium and France, and the abolition of slavery in the United States. The biography clearly shows that this hard-working man was driven by science and justice, by individualism and generosity, by humor and sentiment. The book is divided in four parts, each part is placed in its own historical context. The first part "The apprentice, the master and his disciples" describes Houzeau's childhood and young years, his early scientific career at the Observatory in Brussels, and his relationship with Adolphe Quetelet. The evolution of this relationship is very well documented: the turbulent revolutionary Houzeau versus cool, moderated and diplomatic royalist Quetelet, the observer versus the mathematician theorist. But both were very dedicated teachers: Quetelet established public courses and after the Revolution of 1830 he contributed to the foundation of the University of Brussels; Houzeau was the peripatetic teacher wherever place he was, also after his return to Belgium. The second part is "The politician" and deals with Houzeau's political ideas and revolutionary attitudes and their consequences. His revolutionary ideas, though, were not confined to politics only: he also severely criticised the paucity of high-precision observations collected at the Royal Observatory in his days. Because he participated at revolutionary meetings, Houzeau was fired from his position at the Observatory by the Minister of Interior Affairs Charles Rogier. Thus started his peripathetic life, covering observational work in astronomy, geography, geodesy and natural sciences in many places in Belgium and abroad. The third

  10. Design jeans for recycling: a supply chain case study in The Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bommel, Harrie; Goorhuis, Maarten

    2014-11-01

    Because the insight is raising that waste prevention needs an integral product chain approach, a product chain project was awarded with an International Solid Waste Association grant. The project decided to focus on jeans because of the large environmental impacts of cotton and the low recycling rates. The project used an open innovative approach by involving many actors from the different phases of the chain and included student and applied researchers. In a 'design jeans for recycling' students' workshop, prototypes of jeans that are easier to recycle have been developed. Integrating the new generation from different disciplines in the project proved to be very successful. The results show that an open innovation process can lead to very creative ideas and that lessons learned from this project could be used to develop new chain projects for other products. An important condition is that key actors are willing to cooperate in an open innovation approach. © The Author(s) 2014.

  11. Histoire de lÈstonie et de la nation estonienne : Eesti ja eesti rahvuse ajalugu : intervjuu Jean-Pierre Minaudier̀ga / Jean-Pierre Minaudier ; küsitlenud Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Minaudier, Jean-Pierre

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu raamatu "Histoire de lÈstonie et de la nation estonienne" autori, prantsuse ajaloolase Jean-Pierre Minaudier̀ga. Raamatututvustus : Minaudier, Jean-Pierre. Histoire de lÈstonie et de la nation estonienne. Paris : L̀Harmattan, 2007 (Bibliothèque finno-ougrienne; 17)

  12. A quantum hydrodynamic model for multicomponent quantum magnetoplasma with Jeans term

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Masood, W.; Salimullah, M.; Shah, H.A.

    2008-01-01

    The effect of Jeans term in a multicomponent self-gravitating quantum magnetoplasma is investigated employing the quantum hydrodynamic (QHD) model. The effects of quantum Bohm potential and statistical terms as well as the ambient magnetic field are also investigated on both dust and ion dynamics driven waves in this Letter. We state the conditions that can drive the system unstable in the presence of Jeans term. The limiting cases are also presented. The present work may have relevance in the dense astrophysical environments where the self-gravitating effects are expected to play a pivotal role

  13. Il dono del libero arbitrio nella Terza Orazione inaugurale: analogie e differenze con Jean Bodin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Megale

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available [The “gift of free will” in the Third Inaugural Oratio: Similarities and Differences with Jean Bodin]. This paper intends to emphasize the position of Vico between knowledge and liberty with reference to modern concept of respublica literaria. We are still far from Voltaire’s Traité, but the political influences of the theory of religious tolerance had found full expression already at the end of the XVIth century, expecially by Jean Bodin, whose Colloquium Heptaplomeres (1593 is analyzed by the author and compared with Vico’s Oratio III.

  14. A Sociedade do Consumo, Os Media e A Comunicação nas Obras Iniciais de Jean Baudrillard Consumption Society, Medias and the Consumption Society in Jean Baudrillard Initial Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarcyanie Cajueiro Santos

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto objetiva refletir sobre as relações entre comunicação e consumo tomando como referência os livros de Baudrillard: O sistema dos objetos, A sociedade de consumo e Para uma crítica da economia política do signo, pois eles apontam para um período de transição, em que o autor busca combinar as teorias do signo com as críticas marxistas do capitalismo. Do ponto de vista teórico, o marxismo é substituído pela semiologia, e, do ponto de vista social, a técnica e o consumo tornam-se centrais na vida das pessoas. A partir daí, procura-se analisar a pertinência teórica destes enfoques, levando em consideração a sociedade mediática.This text aims to reflect on the relations between communication and consumption by taking as reference the books of Jean Baudrillard: The System of Objects, The Consumer Society and For a Critique of Political Economy of the Sign, which are representative of transition period when the author tries to combine the theories of the sign with the Marxist critics of capitalism. From a theoretical standpoint, Marxism is replaced by semiotics, and from the social point of view, technique and consumption have become central to people’s lives. From there, we try to analyze the theoretical relevance of these approaches, considering the media society.

  15. A disputa pela laicidade: Uma análise das interações discursivas entre Jean Wyllys e Silas Malafaia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Bivar Carneiro Campos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo analisa conflitos envolvendo lideranças laicas e religiosas na esfera pública brasileira entre os anos de 2010 e 2013. O pastor Silas Malafaia protagoniza os confrontos aqui recapitulados, primeiro contra a deputada Iara Bernardi, na ocasião de um debate sobre o PLC 122/2006, passando por sua tão repercutida entrevista no programa de Marília Gabriela e culminando no embate travado contra o deputado Jean Wyllys por ocasião do PDC que ficou conhecido como da “cura gay”. Partindo de um diálogo entre a teoria social contemporânea e a filosofia política, avaliamos os dilemas apresentados a partir dos pontos de vista últimos em disputa, iluminando os sentidos que definem as respectivas concepções do que seja a vida numa sociedade laica e democrática.

  16. Design jeans for recycling: a supply chain case study in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bommel, H.W.M.; van Bommel, Harrie; Goorhuis, Maarten

    2014-01-01

    Because the insight is raising that waste prevention needs an integral product chain approach, a product chain project was awarded with an International Solid Waste Association grant. The project decided to focus on jeans because of the large environmental impacts of cotton and the low recycling

  17. Uus nobelist : prantslane Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    Nobeli kirjandusauhind 2008 - prantsuse romaanikirjanik Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio. Sisaldab autori eesti keelde tõlgitud teoste annotatsioone: Päev, mil Beaumont tegi tutvust oma valuga : [novell] / tlk. Merike Riives (kogumikust Prantsuse novell, 1973); Kõrb / tlk. Kristiina Ross (Eesti Raamat, 1990); Diego ja Frida / tlk. Sirje Keevallik (Kunst, 2007)

  18. Can You Hear Me Now? Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Listening Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laverty, Megan J.

    2011-01-01

    In this essay Megan J. Laverty argues that Jean-Jacques Rousseau's conception of humane communication and his proposal for teaching it have implications for our understanding of the role of listening in education. She develops this argument through a close reading of Rousseau's most substantial work on education, "Emile: Or, On Education". Laverty…

  19. The Autodidact in Defense of Himself: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Knut Hamsun.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buttry, Dolores

    1980-01-01

    Describes Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Knut Hamsun as self-educated men who never ceased to warn of the evils of formal education. Quoting from their works, considers their feelings toward education as revealed in Rousseau's "Emile," with its description of ideal education, and in the ill effects of education on Hamsun's characters. (AYC)

  20. The Right College: As Comfortable as Your Favorite Pair of Jeans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Elizabeth Jean

    2009-01-01

    There is one thing on every shopping list that any student will be sure to choose accurately: the perfect pair of jeans. Indeed, this ubiquitous wardrobe staple is an important purchase requiring a variety of considerations, many of which correspond to another even more significant decision most students will make in the coming weeks, months or…

  1. The outside of phenomenology: Jean-Luc Nancy on world and sense

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this essay, I examine Jean-Luc Nancy's notion of the sense of the world in relation to the phenomenological investigation of the life-world in Husserl and the worldhood of the world in Heidegger. My aim is to address the reasons why Nancy stresses the need for a different thinking that goes beyond the phenomenological ...

  2. The Role of Trustworthiness in Teaching: An Examination of "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Michael S.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the role that trustworthiness plays in the ability of teachers to function as moral role models. Through exploration of Muriel Spark's novel, "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie," I explain some of the central features of trustworthiness as a moral virtue and suggest how these features are critical…

  3. Distortions in the Rayleigh-Jeans region of the cosmic background radiation spectrum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Zotti, G.

    1982-01-01

    The theory of the origin and evolution of distortions in the Rayleigh-Jeans region of the cosmic background radiation spectrum is reviewed. Some proposed experiments, designed to substantially improve our knowledge of that portion of the spectrum, are briefly described. (author)

  4. [Jean-Daniel Strub. Der gerechte Friede. Spannungsfelder eines friedensethnischen Leibegriffs.] / Andreas Pawlas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pawlas, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Strub, Jean-Daniel. Der gerechte Friede. Spannungsfelder eines friedensethnischen Leibegriffs. (Forum Systematik. beiträge zur Dogmatik, Ethik und ökumenischen Theologie, hg von Johannes Brosseder, Johannes Fischer und Joachim Track, Band 36), Verlag W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2010

  5. The Enunciation of the Subject: Sharing Jean-Luc Nancy's Singular Plural in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Ashok

    2015-01-01

    This article seeks to explore the implications of Jean-Luc Nancy's reading of the subject for educational philosophy by connecting his re-interpretation of Descartes to his later thinking on what he names the ontological singular plural. Nancy's re-imagining of the Cogito coalesces around the figure of the mouth ("la bouche") through…

  6. "Of comics and men: A cultural history of American comic books," by Jean-Paul Gabilliet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drew Morton

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Paul Gabilliet. Of comics and men: A cultural history of American comic books. Translated by Bart Beaty and Nick Nguyen. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2010, hardcover, $55.00 (390p, ISBN 978-1604732672.

  7. De dood staat op. Naar een seculier opstandingsverhaal − een onderzoek met Jean-Luc Nancy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kate, L. ten

    2013-01-01

    In his philosophical project of a ‘deconstruction of monotheism’, Jean-Luc Nancy explores the hypothesis that the historical roots of secularization should be traced back to the beginnings of the monotheistic traditions. The secular is not exclusively a feature of modern culture. The complex

  8. Jean-Martin Charcot's Role in the 19th Century Study of Music Aphasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Julene K.; Lorch, Marjorie; Nicolas, Serge; Graziano, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot's ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his "Friday…

  9. Documenting Reproduction and Inequality: Revisiting Jean Anyon's "Social Class and School Knowledge"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Allan

    2010-01-01

    Jean Anyon's (1981) "Social Class and School Knowledge" was a landmark work in North American educational research. It provided a richly detailed qualitative description of differential, social class-based constructions of knowledge and epistemological stance. This essay situates Anyon's work in two parallel traditions of critical educational…

  10. Jean Lafitte 2013, 1.0 Meter LiDAR, Classified point cloud

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) dataset is a survey of the Jean Lafitte,G13PD00214, 1.0 Meter LiDAR Survey Area in south of New Orleans and encompasses 77...

  11. A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Origin of Their Ideas of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pass, Susan

    This paper compares the early life, background, and education of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. It makes the case that an adaptation of the curve developed by C. Quigley can be used to trace the motivations of both Piaget and Vygotsky in creating their respective theories. The analysis also reveals the adversity that each man faced. Although they…

  12. 2015-2016 Travel and Hospitality Expense Reports for Jean Lebel ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ruxandra Staicu

    Description: Lunch to discuss IDRC programming in Peru. Date: 2016-02-04. Attendees: 4 (IDRC 2). Location: Ottawa. Total: $68.00. Comments: 2015-2016 Travel and Hospitality Expense. Reports for Jean Lebel, President. Page 2. Working lunch to discuss IDRC programming in Peru, Ambassador Bravo, Counselor ...

  13. The evidence of film and the presence of the world: Jean-Luc Nancy's cinematic ontology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Früchtl, J.; Kavanaugh, L.

    2010-01-01

    Following Deleuze's theory, the emergence of the "time-image" following the Second World War led to (our relationship to) the world disappearing from film. Following Jean-Luc Nancy, the Iranian film-maker Abbas Kiarostami is a privileged witness to a cinema that liberates itself from a "postmodern"

  14. Molecular reality a perspective on the scientific work of Jean Perrin

    CERN Document Server

    Nye, Mary Jo

    1972-01-01

    Dr Nye analyses the philosophical and scientific debate among nineteenth-century chemists and physicists over the question of the physical reality of atoms and molecules. She traces the way in which the experimental investigations, methodological viewpoint and publications of the French physical chemist Jean Perrin contributed decisively to an end of the dispute by 1913.

  15. Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner: Stages of Child Development and Implications for Pedagogy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginsburg, Iona H.

    1982-01-01

    The views of Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner concerning children's stages of development are compared and related to present-day instructional practices used in the Waldorf schools, which employ Steiner's ideas. Educational principles and practices used at the elementary school level are discussed. (PP)

  16. Em torno do conceito de metáfora de Jakobson e Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelson Santana

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho resulta da leitura dos textos: “Dois aspectos da linguagem e dois tipos de afasia", de Roman Jakobson ( 1975, e "L'instance de la lettre dans l'inconscient ou la raison depuis Freud" de Jacques Lacan (1966, em comparação com a leitura que deles faz Jean-François Lyotard, em Discours Figure (1985, p. 250-60.

  17. Ensaio de Pedagogia Comparada: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) (Essay on Compared Pedagogy: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontanella, Francisco Cock

    2000-01-01

    Finds that, although the thought of Jean Jacques Rousseau is frequently cited as an influence on Immanuel Kant, this has no basis regarding pedagogical influence. Compares the "Projecto" and "Emilio" of Rousseau with Kant's "Pedagogia." (BT)

  18. Linear coupling of electromagnetic and Jeans modes in self-gravitating plasma streams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yaroshenko, Victoria V.; Voitenko, Yuriy; Goossens, Marcel

    2002-01-01

    A new mechanism of linear coupling between electromagnetic (nonpotential) and gravitational disturbances is found for oblique propagation relatively to particle streams. The general dispersion law is derived and applied to the case of two countersteaming dust beams of equal strength and quiasiperpendicular propagation. It reveals a strong linear coupling between the low-frequency aperiodically unstable electromagnetic (AEM) and the Jeans (JM) modes. The coupling is of a mode conversion type, resulting in a frequency gap in the dispersion, and thus significantly modifies the instability criteria. It is shown that, in contrast to the electrostatic case, AEM and JM coupling in streaming self-gravitating plasmas can actually appear even if the plasma frequencies of the dust species greatly exceed the corresponding Jeans frequencies

  19. Influence of rotation and FLR corrections on selfgravitational Jeans instability in quantum plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jain, Shweta; Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R K

    2014-01-01

    In the present work, the self-gravitational instability of quantum plasma is investigated including the effects of finite Larmor radius corrections (FLR) and rotation. The formulation is done employing quantum magnetohydrodynamic (QMHD) model. The plane wave solutions are employed on the linearized perturbed QMHD set of equations to obtain the general dispersion relation. The rotation is assumed only along the z- direction. The general dispersion relation is further reduced for transverse and longitudinal directions of propagation. It is found that in transverse direction of propagation the Jeans criterion is modified due to the rotation, FLR and quantum corrections while in longitudinal direction of propagation it is observed that the Jeans criterion is modified by quantum corrections only. The growth rate of perturbation is discussed numerically including the considered parameters FLR and quantum corrections. The growth rate is observed to be modified significantly due to the quantum correction and FLR effects.

  20. STUDI KOMPARASI SAMINISME DENGAN JEAN PAUL SARTRE TENTANG KEBEBASAN (Tinjauan Filsafat Sosial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Restu Trisnova

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The comparative study between Saminism concept and Jean Paul Sartre thought of freedom are: 1 Human freedom, according to Sartre, is an absolute freedom. No other rules which are able to determine human either God or other people; 2 The Saminism concept of freedom is an individual freedom. It means every individual as a subject is able to decide their own choice. Every individual as a subject is independent without any outside order; 3 Saminism freedom conveys individual responsibility. It means every person’s freedom has individual responsibility. Every doer subject can decide everything based on their interest. Therefore, the freedom and responsibility in Saminism actualizes the Jean Paul Sartre thought of freedom.

  1. Limiares: Histoire( s) du cinéma de Jean-Luc Godard

    OpenAIRE

    Gervaiseau, Henri

    2006-01-01

    Neste artigo apresentamos a série videográfica Histoire(s) du cinéma, de Jean Luc Godard, apontamos as suas principais características, e efetuamos um primeiro exame da ordenação dos seus dois primeiros episódios. Discutimos de que modo Godard estabelece, nesta obra, uma trama poética de relações entre a história do século XX; a história do cinema e a sua própria estória enquanto sujeito enunciador. This article provides an introduction to the video series Histoire( s) du cinéma de Jean Lu...

  2. Effect of rotation on Jeans instability of magnetized radiative quantum plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, H.; Pensia, R. K.

    2017-03-01

    The influence of rotation on the Jeans instability of homogeneous magnetized radiative quantum plasma is investigated. The basic equations of the problem are constructed and linearized by using the Quantum Magnetohydrodynamics (QMHD) model. The general dispersion relation is obtained by using the normal mode analysis technique, which is reduced for both the transverse and the longitudinal mode of propagations and further it is reduced for the axis of rotation parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field. We found that the stabilizing effects of rotation are decreases for a strong magnetic field which is shown in the graphical representation. We also found that the quantum correction modified the condition of Jeans instability in both modes of propagation. The stabilizing effect of rotation is more increased in the presence of quantum correction.

  3. Kinetic theory of Jean instability in Eddington-inspired Born-Infeld gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martino, Ivan de [University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Department of Theoretical Physics and History of Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Leioa (Spain); Capolupo, Antonio [Universita di Salerno, Dipartimento di Fisica E.R. Caianiello, Fisciano (Italy); INFN Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Fisciano (Italy)

    2017-10-15

    We analyze the stability of self-gravitating systems which dynamics is investigated using the collisionless Boltzmann equation, and the modified Poisson equation of Eddington-inspired Born-Infield gravity. These equations provide a description of the Jeans paradigm used to determine the critical scale above which such systems collapse. At equilibrium, the systems are described using the time-independent Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function f{sub 0}(v). Considering small perturbations to this equilibrium state, we obtain a modified dispersion relation, and we find a new characteristic scale length. Our results indicate that the dynamics of self-gravitating astrophysical systems can be fully addressed in the Eddington-inspired Born-Infeld gravity. The latter modifies the Jeans instability in high densities environments, while its effects become negligible in star formation regions. (orig.)

  4. Effect of secondary electron emission on Jean's instability in a complex plasma in the presence of nonthermal ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sarkar, Susmita; Maity, Saumyen; Banerjee, Soumyajyoti

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we have investigated the role of secondary electron emission on Jean's instability in a complex plasma in the presence of nonthermal ions. The equilibrium dust surface potential has been considered negative and hence primary and secondary electron temperatures are equal. Such plasma consists of three components: Boltzman distributed electrons, nonthermal ions and negatively charged inertial dust grains. From the linear dispersion relation, we have calculated the real frequency and growth rate of Jean's instability. Numerically, we have shown that for strong ion nonthermality Jean's mode is unstable. Growth of the instability reduces and the real part of the wave frequency increases with increasing secondary electron emission from dust grains. Hence, strong secondary electron emission suppresses Jean's instability in a complex plasma even when ion nonthermality is strong and equilibrium dust charge is negative.

  5. Women in the Looking-Glass: Post-Colonial and Psychoanalytical Techniques in Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Despain, Martha

    2004-01-01

    When Jean Rhys takes on the underdog tale of Charlotte Bronte's Bertha Mason, she both moves beyond license by appropriating a popular, Victorian text and imposes limits by choosing a story with an unchangeable ending...

  6. 2006 USGS/NPS/NASA Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL): Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A first surface/bare earth elevation map (also known as a Digital Elevation Model, or DEM) of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in Louisiana was...

  7. Jean-Martin Charcot, father of modern neurology: an homage 120 years after his death

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Marleide da Mota; Engelhardt, Eliasz

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot was a pioneer in a variety of subjects, including nervous system diseases; anatomy; physiology; pathology; and diseases of ageing, joints, and lungs. His medical achievements were mainly based on his anatomopathological proficiency, his observation, and his personal thoroughness that favored the delineation of the nosology of the main neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, peroneal muscular atrophy, and hyst...

  8. Profiles of international archives: Les archives Jean Piaget, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

    2013-05-01

    This research report provides a look behind closed doors at the Jean Piaget Archives in Geneva, Switzerland. It situates the potential visitor, contextualizes the Archives in its own history, and then describes what scholars can expect to find. New details about Piaget's views on Equal Rights and Equal Pay are also provided, including a look at how they affected the women who worked his factory (esp. Bärbel Inhelder). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. Profile of a leader. Alena Jean MacMaster: administrator, educator, professional activist and community advocate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gautreau, G; Winans, P

    1999-01-01

    This paper profiles Alena Jean MacMaster, an extraordinary nurse leader, activist, visionary and humanitarian from New Brunswick. Her determination and drive were instrumental in fostering the development and progression of health care, nursing education and nursing services at the local, provincial, federal and international levels. "First, loyalty to the institution in which you serve. The patient is the most important person in the entire institution," was Miss MacMaster's guiding principle throughout her career.

  10. Gender, identity and power: a reflection on Wide sargasso sea, by Jean Rhys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirley de Souza Gomes Carreira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to analyze Jean Rhys’s novel Wide Sargasso Sea in order to display the author’s strategy to deconstruct Charlotte Brontë’s eurocentric discourse in Jane Eyre, granting voice to the colonized subject, besides allowing a “dive” into the web woven by patriarchy, getting men and women stuck in predetermined social roles.

  11. Understanding the concept of «advertising» in sociology Jean Baudrillard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Sogorin

    2015-09-01

    It is proved that the «system of things» of Jean Baudrillard points out that the power of advertising is based on the belief in her from a mass consumers.. The root of this belief - the so-called «infantile bestowing function», which creates a sense of mythic human involvement, which is in this context belongs to a social nature.

  12. Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy in middeck during launch/entry training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    Wearing a training version of a partial pressure suit, Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy, STS-66 international mission specialist, secures himself on a collapsible seat on the middeck of a shuttle trainer during a rehearsal of procedures to be followed during launch and entry phases of the scheduled November flight of STS-66. This rehearsal, held in the crew compartment trainer (CCT) of JSC's Shuttle mockup and integration laboratory, was followed by a training session on emergency egress procedures.

  13. Formation of giant cloud complexes by the Parker-Jeans instability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elmegreen, B.G.

    1982-01-01

    The Parker-Jeans instability is considered as a possible mechanism for forming the giant cloud complexes observed near OB associations. We use a previously derived dispersion relation to evaluate the masses and growth times of the dominant modes in this instability. The results show that massive clouds (Mroughly-equal10 6 M/sub sun/) can form quickly (roughly-equal12 million yr) in the high density environments (5 cm -3 ) associated with spiral density wave shocks. For densities larger than about 3 cm -3 , these clouds form primarily as a result of the self-graviational forces in the interstellar medium. Lower mass clouds (Mroughly-equal10 5 M/sub sun/) can form in lower density environments as a result of the pure Parker instability. The masses of the clouds that form when the density exceeds about 3 cm -3 are insensitive to the magnetic field strength, cosmic ray pressure, and ambient density (even in compressed media.). These masses are essentially the Jeans mass in a magnetic interstellar medium. The occurrence of a characteristic mass may explain the similarity of the local OB associations. The role of the Parker-Jeans instability as part of a complete theory of cloud formation is summarized

  14. Correlated Random Systems Five Different Methods : CIRM Jean-Morlet Chair

    CERN Document Server

    Kistler, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    This volume presents five different methods recently developed to tackle the large scale behavior of highly correlated random systems, such as spin glasses, random polymers, local times and loop soups and random matrices. These methods, presented in a series of lectures delivered within the Jean-Morlet initiative (Spring 2013), play a fundamental role in the current development of probability theory and statistical mechanics. The lectures were: Random Polymers by E. Bolthausen, Spontaneous Replica Symmetry Breaking and Interpolation Methods by F. Guerra, Derrida's Random Energy Models by N. Kistler, Isomorphism Theorems by J. Rosen and Spectral Properties of Wigner Matrices by B. Schlein. This book is the first in a co-edition between the Jean-Morlet Chair at CIRM and the Springer Lecture Notes in Mathematics which aims to collect together courses and lectures on cutting-edge subjects given during the term of the Jean-Morlet Chair, as well as new material produced in its wake. It is targeted at researchers, i...

  15. Meeting with Jean-Yves Le Meur, author of "Faux Pas"

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    A CERN engineer and an accomplished sportsman, Jean-Yves Le Meur (IT Department) has recently published his first book "Faux pas". Meet him and hear about his exceptional life on 23 April 2008 in the Globe. An accident cost him his legs when he was young, and it was sheer force of character and a passion for the mountains that carried Jean-Yves Le Meur, with one artificial leg and crutches to stay upright, to the very summit of the Mont-Blanc. In his book, Jean-Yves, a computer engineer at CERN, recounts with detachment his personal battle to win back his life and make this impossible ascent. "Faux Pas" depicts a series of encounters and people, and recreates the extreme emotions of a man who reconstructed his life and pushed himself beyond his limits. It is a moving personal account, whose message is universal. The question-and-answer session with the author will be preceded by the projection of "4810M, CAHIN-CAHA",...

  16. Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini, Senator, Chairman of the Bouches-du-Rhône General Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2003-01-01

    Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini, Senator and Chairman of the Bouches-du-Rhône General Council visited CERN on 21 March 2003.Photo 01: Handshake between Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini and CERN Director-General Luciano Maiani at the signing of the CERN VIP Visitors' book. Left to right: Prof. Cecilia Jarlskog, Member State relations; Prof. Claude Détraz, Director for fixed target and future programmes; Prof. Jean-Jacques Aubert, Director, French national institute for nuclear and particle physics (IN2P3), French Delegate to CERN; Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General; Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini; and Prof. Elie Aslanides, Director, centre for particle physics, Marseille (CPPM).Photo 02: Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini signs the CERN VIP Visitors' book. Left to right: Prof. Cecilia Jarlskog, Member State relations; Prof. Claude Détraz, Director for fixed target and future programmes; Prof. Jean-Jacques Aubert, Director, French national institute for nuclear and particle physics (IN2P3), French Delegate to CERN; Pr...

  17. Aplicação da Teoria do Cuidado Transpessoal de Jean Watson: uma década de produção brasileira Aplicación de la Teoría del Cuidado Transpersonal de Jean Watson: una década de producción brasileña Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring: a decade of Brazilian publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Favero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta revisão sistemática objetivou descrever e analisar a aplicação da Teoria do Cuidado Transpessoal de Jean Watson nas pesquisas divulgadas em publicações de Enfermagem brasileiras dos últimos dez anos. O levantamento bibliográfico abrangeu 34 produções científicas selecionadas nas bases de dados eletrônicas MEDLINE (MEDLARS [Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System] On-line, LILACS (Literatura Latino Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, BDENF (Base de dados de Enfermagem e SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library On-line, que após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão estabelecidos, compuseram a amostra do estudo. Os resultados apontaram que a Região Sul concentra 61,8% das produções referidas ao tema de estudo, que ela pode ser aplicada nos níveis de atenção primária, secundária e terciária e que 64,7% das produções utilizam os fatores de cuidado propostos por Jean Watson em 1979. Emerge a necessidade de aprimoramento das pesquisas acerca da transformação ocorrida na Teoria do Cuidado Transpessoal, com abordagem do Processo Clinical Caritas, porém como são escassos os estudos referentes a esta temática, dificultam sua utilização prática.Esta revisión sistemática tuvo como objetivo describir y analizar la aplicación de la Teoría del Cuidado Transpersonal de Jean Watson en las investigaciones divulgadas en publicaciones de Enfermería brasileñas de los últimos diez años. El levantamiento bibliográfico abarcó 34 producciones seleccionadas en las bases de datos electrónicas MEDLINE (MEDLARS [Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System] On-line, LILACS (Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, BDENF (Base de datos de Enfermería y SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library On-line, que después de la aplicación de los criterios de inclusión establecidos, compusieron la muestra del estudio. Los resultados señalaron que la región Sur concentra el 61,8% de las

  18. O mito do duplo em retratos

    OpenAIRE

    Cesaro, Patrícia Souza Silva

    2012-01-01

    O mito do duplo faz parte de um conjunto de mitos dos mais antigos, que permeiam o imaginário do homem desde a sua própria existência. Tem por principais manifestações os casos de sósias, gêmeos idênticos, o ver a si mesmo em outro, a dualidade. O termo consagrado para designar o duplo, cunhado pelo escritor alemão Jean-Paul Richter, é doppelgänger, e significa aquele que caminha ao lado, o companheiro de estrada. Tem a ver com uma experiência de si na alteridade. Alguns exempl...

  19. The diluvial rains of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean : status one year after

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Henri, N.; Beauchemin, G.; Alonso, M.; Gelinas, M.

    1997-01-01

    The status of damages and reconstruction in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region, one year after the catastrophic torrential rain storm of July 1996 was presented. Numerous detailed maps and photographs of the principal washed-out, destroyed and damaged regions were presented, along with maps and photographs of the same areas after reconstruction, repair and landscaping. The maps show the different river beds, urban, and rural districts that were subjected to the catastrophic washouts, landslides and soil collapses. The report also includes a summary of the repair costs by municipal regions and the financial aid received by the region to help in the reconstruction effort. tabs., figs

  20. Role of radiation therapy in bladder cancer in the Saguenay-Lac Saint-Jean area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brochet, F.; Barrette, L.R.

    1998-01-01

    Bladder cancer is more frequent in Quebec, especially in Saguenay-Lac Saint-Jean than in other Canadian provinces and in the USA. From 1983 to 1996, only 78 patients presenting with bladder cancer received external beam radiation therapy. Sixty-eight were treated with curative intent Overall survival rates were 70% at 3 years, 66% at 5 years, and 40% at 10 years. Retrospective analysis of these cases and literature review show that preoperative radiation therapy is useful in the management of bladder cancer, especially in T3 tumors. It is also useful for patients whose tumor objectively responds to radiation therapy, without an increase in morbidity. (authors)

  1. [Jean-Louis-Paul Denucé (1824-1889): A forgotten pioneer of plastic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marck, K W; Martin, D

    2016-02-01

    The authors propose to define as main characterization of plastic reconstructive surgery the conceptual thinking that leads to a rational choice of an operative treatment. Conceptual thinking in plastic surgery started halfway the nineteenth century with the first schematic representations of the operative procedures available at that time, in which Von Ammon and Baumgarten, Szymanowski and Denucé played a prominent role. These four authors and their works are presented with special attention for the less known of them, Jean-Paul Denucé, surgeon in Bordeaux. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  2. Predikanten in ballingschap. De carrièrekansen van Jean en Isaac Claude in de Republiek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David van der Linden

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, over 400 Huguenot ministers made their way to the Dutch Republic in search of a new pulpit. They stood a good chance, because the Huguenot exodus resulted in a corresponding demand for French preachers, while Dutch authorities offered financial support. Yet a surplus of ministers also meant fierce competition over positions. The careers of Jean and Isaac Claude show that on this highly competitive market Huguenot ministers succeeded in gaining a position in the Dutch Republic by virtue of their reputation, networks, and religious and political ideas.

  3. Language of the Theatre of the Absurd: Jean Tardieu, “Box Office”

    OpenAIRE

    Kol, Mustafa

    2011-01-01

    Jean Tardieu’s short play Le Guichet, which has been considered within the AbsurdTheatre part Tradition, is in the work of Theatre of chamber. The play presents a very strikingpart from the rhythm of like; It covers the unrelatedness of human relationships, lonelinessof humans, being in the gap, searching for happiness in the world of dream. They confrontto a customer and clerk who is sitting on a desk. Actually, the customer indulges into abureaucratic questioned with a humorous and ironic t...

  4. Os estudos cognitivos da memória de Jean Piaget e Barbel Inhelder

    OpenAIRE

    Ericeira, Ronald Clay dos Santos; Parrat-Dayan, Silvia

    2017-01-01

    O objetivo do artigo é revisitar um tema que inadequadamente é considerado secundário nos estudos piagetianos, a saber: a memória. Nosso foco será revitalizar textos sobre esta temática produzidos por Jean Piaget e colaboradores, principalmente Barbel Inhelder, como os livros Intelligence et Mémoire e L’image mentale chez l’enfant. Para além de sua importância histórica, estes textos são intelectualmente instigantes de diversas maneiras. Primeiro, eles propõem uma teoria geral da memória, que...

  5. Jean Luc Nancy and the community: trascendence and immanence, ecstasy and death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Straehle Porras

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The community is one of the recurring themes of political philosophy today, especially by streams as communitarianism. Jean Luc Nancy has problematized this notion and tried to free it from any trace of what might be a thought or identity politics. The community is not the affirmation of a being of us but the breakdown of any form of essentialism which entails the need to recognize the role of otherness and difference. Hence, linking the community to a finitude that relates to concepts such as death, “clinamen”, transcendence and especially the absence of Oeuvre

  6. Jeans instability of inhomogeneous dusty plasma with polarization force, ionization and recombination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Shweta; Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2017-05-01

    The self-gravitational Jeans instability has been studied in dusty plasma containing significant background of neutral pressure and recombination of ions and electrons on the dust surface. The full dynamics of charged dust grains, ions and neutral species are employed considering the electrons as Maxwellian. We have derived the general dispersion relation for collisional dusty plasma with ionization, recombination and polarization force. The general dispersion relation describes the effects of considered parameters which are solved in different dusty plasma situations. Further, the dispersion relation is solved numerically. The present work is applicable to understand the structure formation of interstellar molecular clouds in astrophysical plasma.

  7. Jeans instability of inhomogeneous dusty plasma with polarization force, ionization and recombination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jain, Shweta; Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R K

    2017-01-01

    The self-gravitational Jeans instability has been studied in dusty plasma containing significant background of neutral pressure and recombination of ions and electrons on the dust surface. The full dynamics of charged dust grains, ions and neutral species are employed considering the electrons as Maxwellian. We have derived the general dispersion relation for collisional dusty plasma with ionization, recombination and polarization force. The general dispersion relation describes the effects of considered parameters which are solved in different dusty plasma situations. Further, the dispersion relation is solved numerically. The present work is applicable to understand the structure formation of interstellar molecular clouds in astrophysical plasma. (paper)

  8. The Judas Effect: Betrayal in Jean-Luc Godard’s Breathless

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlad Dima

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article revisits the ending of Jean-Luc Godard’s Breathless (1960 in an attempt to untangle the complicated relationship between the two main characters, and to claim that they are characters that belong to no identifiable genre. Instead, they come to life as characters at the intersection point of existentialism, creationism, and two radically different genres, film noir and neorealism. In essence, they are characters without a genre, always out of place, and their existential drifting generates a Judas effect—a trope that establishes betrayal and sacrifice as necessary narrative tools and that suspends the classical (cinematic Oedipal cycle.

  9. Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard (1842-1910): his life and contributions to neuroanatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loukas, Marios; Shea, Misha; Shea, Cory; Lutter-Hoppenheim, Martine; Zand, Paula; Tubbs, R Shane; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

    2010-06-01

    One hundred years after his death, Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard's name endures in the medical literature primarily because of his work on the anastomotic veins of the cerebral circulation. Specifically, and known to all neurosurgeons, the great anastomotic vein, or the vein of Trolard, underscores a portion of Trolard's contribution to neuroanatomy. The country of Algeria has also remembered this influential colonist because of his life's work as a physician, professor, humanitarian, environmentalist, and French nationalist. Trolard fought deforestation, injustice, epidemics, and bureaucracy in northern Africa and tragically died in the midst of these struggles. In this historical vignette, the authors review the life and contributions of this pioneer of early neuroanatomy.

  10. Identidad y escenificación de estereotipos en Los negros de Jean Genet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario León Pinto

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available En la obra Los negros del dramaturgo francés Jean Genet nos enfrentamos, de manera muy compleja y evidentemente polémica, al problema de la identidad cultural y racial, del dominio ideológico, de la colonización y el proceso de descolonización, particularmente desde el problema de “lo negro” en el ámbito cultural del colonialismo, centrándose la obra en la problemática en torno a la identidad del ser negro, como una identidad construida por el blanco. Este conflicto identitario es presentado en escena evidenciando y tensionando el artificio teatral. De este modo, en este artículo veremos cómo se escenifica dicho conflicto mediante un uso extremo de los recursos teatrales y del motivo del teatro dentro del teatro, particularmente a partir de personajes que muestran una identidad engañosa, explicitando que son actores representando un rol (reflejo perfecto de la realidad del hombre negro que constantemente representa un papel dado por el blanco, y gestando un espacio posible para la rebelión y liberación de sus propias subjetividades detrás de los diferentes niveles de la representación. Palabra clave: Jean Genet, identidad, colonialismo, postcolonialismo, teatro dentro del teatro.   In the play The Blacks by French dramatist Jean Genet we are faced, in both a complex and controversial manner, with the issues of cultural and racial identity, ideological dominion, colonialism and the process of decolonization as seen from the perspective of “the blackness” issue against the backdrop of colonialism. The play revolves around the problem of identity of being black as one built by the white man. This conflict is staged by overtly showing and exaggerating theatrical artifices. Thus, in this paper we shall discuss how such a conflict is brought onto the stage by heightening theatrical resources, as well as the theme of a play within the play. This theme shows characters bearing an ill-defined identity, revealing them as actors

  11. Jean-Paul Martinon, ed. - The Curatorial: A Philosophy of Curating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Romualdo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the words of Jean-Paul Martinon, this book’s editor, The Curatorial: A Philosophy of Curating originated from a “wish to talk about curating”, the same wish that led to the creation, in 2006, of a practice-led PhD programme at Goldsmiths College, called Curatorial/Knowledge. The anthology features contributions from tutors, guest speakers and students, all of whom delve into what “the curatorial” is and what it might mean in the future. Curating, or the act of organizing exhibitions, paral...

  12. Une mission astronomique de Jean Picard: Le voyage d'Uraniborg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kurt Møller

    1987-01-01

    In order to determine the difference in longitude between Tycho Brahe's observatory on the island of Hven and the new observatory in Paris, the French astronomer Jean Picard travelled to Copenhagen with the most accurate equipment to measure that difference. The mission was a success, he determin...... the difference that was only 10 minutes wrong compared to a modern value and he brought with him back to Paris Ole Roemer. In this paper I analyze Picard scientific achiements and methods while on Hven and at the Round Tower in Copenhagen....

  13. El relato de la experiencia depresiva: Aplicando los factores cuidativos de Jean Watson The expression of the depressive experience: the application of Jean Watson caring factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carme Ferré-Grau

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available La elevada frecuencia de personas con trastornos depresivos en todos los niveles de atención y la complejidad de los cuidados, conlleva la necesidad, para la enfermera, de desarrollar nuevas habilidades y competencias en el abordaje integral de los pacientes y su familia. Para la comprensión de una persona con depresión es útil una mirada etnográfica que nos permita conocer la expresión subjetiva de la vivencia de la enfermedad. Un marco adecuado de referencia para ayudar en el cuidado de estos procesos es la teoría de Jean Watson sobre la Filosofía y Ciencia de los Cuidados Humanos, que a través de sus diez factores cuidativos enmarca el rol de la enfermera en "cómo tener cuidado de...". Este artículo trata de analizar, a través de los factores cuidativos de Watson, las vivencias subjetivas relacionadas con la transformación del cuerpo y la mente de las personas con depresión: el sufrimiento y el dolor, la autoimagen y el reconocimiento, la falta de energía, la pérdida de la esperanza. Se concluye que no es posible controlar el cuerpo sin controlar la mente y para ello nos puede ayudar el análisis subjetivo de la experiencia y la aplicación de los factores cuidativos.The high frequency of people with depressive disorders in Primary Health Care as well as in Hospital and the complexity of care, carry for nurses the need to develop new skills and competences to deal with complete care of patiens and families. To understand a person suffering depressive disorders may be useful an ethnographic look that let us know the subjective expression of the experience of being ill. An appropriate framework to help care is Jean Watson’s Philosophy and Science of Human Caring, trough 10 caring factors that frame the nursing role "to take care of…". This paper tries to analyze the subjective experience related to body and mind changes: suffering and pain, self-image and acceptance, lack of energy, loss of hope… in patients with

  14. Public Lecture | Making the most of your presentation | By Jean-Luc Doumont | 26 June

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Making the most of your presentation, by Dr. Jean-Luc Doumont (Principiae).   Thursday 26 June 2014 from 14:30 to 16:30 at CERN (4-3-006 - TH Conference Room) Want to participate? Apply here. Strong presentation skills are a key to success for engineers and scientists, yet many of these do not exploit their potential to reach the audience. Systematic as they can be in their work, they go at it intuitively, with much good will but with results that could be much better. In this talk, Dr. Doumont proposes a systematic way to prepare and deliver an oral presentation: he covers structure, slides, and delivery, as well as stage fright. An engineer (Louvain) and PhD in applied physics (Stanford), Dr. Jean-Luc Doumont is acclaimed worldwide for his no-nonsense approach, his highly applicable, often life-changing recommendations on a wide range of topics, and Trees, maps, and theorems, his book about “effective communication for rational minds”. He had his first rese...

  15. Du lexique de l'eau dans Mont-Oriol et Pierre et Jean de Guy de Maupassant

    OpenAIRE

    Benzina, Ouafae

    2017-01-01

    [EN] The following article revolves around the theme of water in Mont-Oriol and Pierre and Jean of Guy de Maupassant. These two fabulous novels, indeed, include the theme of water in all its forms. In Mont-Oriol, the aquatic element determines its novelistic space and represents in itself the novel’s frame. It is present in many aspects : water, source, lake, resort, and stream. In Pierre and Jean, the lexicon of the sea is very abundant. The theme of the sea keeps appearing conti...

  16. Ces silences de la narration qui rapprochèrent Jean Giono et Juan Ramón Jiménez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Bonnet

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to show how JeanGiono discovered a purity of writing inJuan Ramón Jiménez that he practicedhimself in his elliptical narratives. Thus,this purifying desire that both sought intheir writings would be one of the commonpoints that would persuade Jean Giono todo the film adaptation of Platero y yo.

  17. Model for common growth of supermassive black holes, bulges and globular star clusters: Ripping off Jeans clusters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieuwenhuizen, T.M.

    2012-01-01

    It is assumed that a galaxy starts as a dark halo of a few million Jeans clusters (JCs), each of which consists of nearly a trillion micro brown dwarfs, MACHOs of Earth mass. JCs in the galaxy center heat up their MACHOs by tidal forces, which makes them expand, so that coagulation and star

  18. The Function of the Medieval in Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Nouvelle Heloise : A Rereading of the Abelard and Heloise Motif

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Montoya, Alicia C.

    2010-01-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's critical rewriting in his Nouvelle H,lo

  19. The importance of hydraulic groundwater theory in catchment hydrology: The legacy of Wilfried Brutsaert and Jean-Yves Parlange

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Troch, P.A.A.; Berne, A.D.; Harman, C.; Hilberts, A.G.J.; Lyon, S.W.; Paniconi, C.; Pauwels, V.R.N.; Rupp, D.E.; Selker, J.S.; Teuling, A.J.; Uijlenhoet, R.; Verhoest, N.E.C.

    2013-01-01

    Based on a literature overview, this paper summarizes the impact and legacy of the contributions of Wilfried Brutsaert and Jean-Yves Parlange (Cornell University) with respect to the current state-of-the-art understanding in hydraulic groundwater theory. Forming the basis of many applications in

  20. Unaffectedness and Rare Eurythmics: Carl Koch, Jean Renoir, Luchino Visconti and the Production of Tosca (1939/41)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blom, I.L.

    2017-01-01

    Tosca (1941) is a curious and intriguing case in film history. It was originally begun by French director Jean Renoir, but finished by his German screenwriter-turned-director Carl Koch. Koch’s wife Lotte Reiniger and the young Luchino Visconti contributed to the film, while its producer was the

  1. Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Adult Education and Revolution. Paradigma of Radical, Pedagogical Thought. 2nd Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dame, Frederick William

    This book explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational philosophy, as expressed in his key works, and applies that philosophy to adult education and revolution. The titles and topics of the book's seven chapters are as follows: (1) "L'Invitation: Raison d'Etre" (prelude, statement, significance, the process, assumptions and limitations);…

  2. JEAN DANIÉLOU (1905–1974: CARDINAL, SCHOLAR, THEOLOGI AND EDICATED TO THE 35TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS DEATH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. MIKHAYLOV

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Author overviews life and activities of well-known Catholic theologian of the XXthcentury — Jean Daniélou, and also analyses his main works in patristics, early Christian theology, theology of Christian mission etc. This article may be useful to everyone who is interested in the destinies of Christian theology nowaday

  3. The importance of hydraulic groundwater theory in catchment hydrology: The legacy of Wilfried Brutsaert adn Jean-Yves Parlange

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Troch, P.A.; Berne, A.; Bogaart, P.W.; Harman, C.; Hilberts, A.G.J.; Lyon, S.W.; Paniconi, C.; Pauwels, V.R.N.; Rupp, D.E.; Selker, J.S.; Teuling, A.J.; Uijlenhoet, R.; Verhoest, N.E.C.

    2013-01-01

    Based on a literature overview, this paper summarizes the impact and legacy of the contributions of Wilfried Brutsaert and Jean-Yves Parlange (Cornell University) with respect to the current state-of-the-art understanding in hydraulic groundwater theory. Forming the basis of many applications in

  4. Jean-Louis Brachet (1789-1858). A forgotten contributor to early 19th century neurology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walusinski, O

    2015-10-01

    Specialists of the history of hysteria know the name of Jean-Louis Brachet (1789-1858), but few realise the influence of this physician and surgeon from Lyon, a city in the southeastern part of France. Not only a clinician, he was also a neurophysiology researcher in the early 19th century. Along with his descriptions of meningoencephalitis, including hydrocephalus and meningoencephalitis, he elucidated the functioning of the vegetative nervous system and described its activity during emotional states. He also helped describe the different forms of epilepsy and sought to understand their aetiologies, working at the same time as the better-known Louis-Florentin Calmeil (1798-1895). We present a biography of this forgotten physician, a prolific writer, keen clinical observer and staunch devotee of a rigorous scientific approach. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. Jean-Martin Charcot, father of modern neurology: an homage 120 years after his death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Martin Charcot was a pioneer in a variety of subjects, including nervous system diseases; anatomy; physiology; pathology; and diseases of ageing, joints, and lungs. His medical achievements were mainly based on his anatomopathological proficiency, his observation, and his personal thoroughness that favored the delineation of the nosology of the main neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, peroneal muscular atrophy, and hysteria/epilepsy. The link of this anatomoclinical method with iconographic representations and theatrical lessons, and the rich bibliographical documentations, carried out in a crowded diseased people barn - Salpetrière hospital were the basis of his achievements, which are still discussed 120 years after his death.

  6. Jean-Paul Marat (1743-1793, cientista e tradutor de Newton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tosi Lucía

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Although Jean Paul Marat (1743-1793 is known as a political activist and as a founder of the controversial journal L'Ami du Peuple during the French Revolution, an important period of his life was spent as a medical practionner, and as a scientist. In 1765 he went to England, where he remained for eleven years mostly dedicated to medical practice and publications on that subject and on political and moral questions. Returning to France in 1776 he iniciated his researches on fire, electricity and light, that lasted practically until the French Revolution. In 1787 he published a translation of Newton's Opticks. In this article we describe in some detail his medical and scientific practice giving particular emphasis to his experiments on optics and to his theory about colors which strongly departs from newtonian theory, fully accepted by the French scientific community of the time.

  7. The Hawthorne experiments and the introduction of Jean Piaget in American industrial psychology, 1929-1932.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsueh, Yeh

    2002-05-01

    The Hawthorne interview program between 1929 and 1932 was one of the most significant industrial studies in the United States. The Hawthorne researchers applied Jean Piaget's clinical method in their extensive interviews with tens of thousands of workers. Chiefly responsible for the program's methodology was Elton Mayo, an Australian who saw interviewing as a means to promote social cooperation. Previous discussions of the Hawthorne experiments have ignored the influence of Piaget in the social sciences. This article provides an account of Mayo's and the Hawthorne researchers' efforts to fuse Piaget's innovation with burgeoning American industrial psychology. The endeavor was not an isolated event but rather drew on the theories and practice of Janet-Piaget psychology, on the support of the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial Foundation, and on the discourse among social scientists about Piaget's work.

  8. Aesthetics of Being: The Unfinished Memoirs of Virginia Woolf and Jean Rhys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Moran

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay reads the unfinished memoirs of Virginia Woolf and Jean Rhys through the lens of relational psychoanalysis, particularly that of Christopher Bollas. Building upon the latter's theorisation of a maternal aesthetic based on her handling of the infant, what Bollas terms the mother's "idiom of care", the essay traces both positive and negative registers of such an aesthetic. Both memoirs open with self-identified "first memories", and both go on to connect the act of writing with these first memories. Woolf's memoir foregrounds moments of containment in a uterine, preoedipal surround, "colour-and-sound" experiences shattered by the mother's sudden death: Woolf goes on to characterise her writing as a practice that allows her to rebuild the shattered world. Rhys, by contrast, connects her writing to experiences of disharmony, alienation, and estrangement, an aesthetic she traces back to her mother's insistence on a surface conformity, at odds with the daughter's inner turmoil.

  9. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's copy of Albrecht von Haller's Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata (1768).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, A

    2003-04-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau sold his botanical texts to Daniel Malthus (father of Thomas Malthus) about 1775. Two of these are now in the Old Library, Jesus College, Cambridge, but all the rest have long been thought lost. However, a copy of Albrecht von Haller's Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata (1768) in the Lindley Library, Royal Horticultural Society, London, bears Rousseau's name and seems to have been annotated by him. The volume contains the bookplate of Jane Dalton, a cousin to whom Malthus willed "all[his] Botanical Books in which the name of Rousseau is written". Haller was well-known to Rousseau, who while in exile in the Swiss Jura (1763-1765), studied under one of Haller's collaborators, Abraham Gagnebin. Rousseau cited Haller's entry 762 when describing a species of Seseli to the Duchess of Portland.

  10. Geometry, analysis and probability in honor of Jean-Michel Bismut

    CERN Document Server

    Hofer, Helmut; Labourie, François; Jan, Yves; Ma, Xiaonan; Zhang, Weiping

    2017-01-01

    This volume presents original research articles and extended surveys related to the mathematical interest and work of Jean-Michel Bismut. His outstanding contributions to probability theory and global analysis on manifolds have had a profound impact on several branches of mathematics in the areas of control theory, mathematical physics and arithmetic geometry. Contributions by: K. Behrend N. Bergeron S. K. Donaldson J. Dubédat B. Duplantier G. Faltings E. Getzler G. Kings R. Mazzeo J. Millson C. Moeglin W. Müller R. Rhodes D. Rössler S. Sheffield A. Teleman G. Tian K-I. Yoshikawa H. Weiss W. Werner The collection is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in these fields.

  11. Jeans instability and antiscreening in the system of matter-antimatter with antigravitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trigger, S A; Gribov, I A

    2015-01-01

    The hypothesis of antigravitational interaction of elementary particles and antiparticles is applied to the simple two-component hydrodynamic model Λ-CDM (Lambda cold-dark matter) with gravitational repulsion and attraction. An increase in the Jeans instability rate, the presence of antiscreening, and the dominant role of the gravitational repulsion as a possible mechanism of spatial separation of matter and antimatter in the Universe are shown, as well as the observable acceleration of far galaxies. The sound wave is found for the two-component gravitational-antigravitational system. The suggested approach permits to reestablish the idea about baryon symmetry of the Universe, causing its steady large-scale flatness and accelerated Universe expansion. (paper)

  12. The poetic nature of non-religious Spirituality: A point of view by Jean Paul Sartre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Villas Boas

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes to examine some theories of non-religious spirituality in light of the growing phenomenon of those individuals who declared themselves as having "no religion" by Brazilian religious census conducted in 2010 by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE. The intention here is to identify how the poetic question presents itself as the fundamental element of these proposals about spirituality for authors, since beauty is part of the spiritual quest, as in: Viktor Frankl and existential religiosity grounded in the search for meaning in life; Marià Corbí and his non-religious or secular spirituality; Robert Solomon and his spirituality for skeptics, and André Comte-Sponville and his atheistic spirituality, or spirituality without God. From there, we then present the perception of spirituality in the poetry of the thought of Jean Paul Sartre, primarily in his work “what is Literature?”

  13. The practice of nurses caring for families of pediatric inpatients in light of Jean Watson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maiara Rodrigues dos Santos

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective To know the facilities and the difficulties of nurses in caring practice of hospitalized children’s families in the light of Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. Method It was used the descriptive qualitative approach. The data collection was conducted in three stages: presentation of theoretical content; engagement with families in the light of Watson’s theory; and semi-structured interview with 12 pediatric nurses. The interviews were analysed using inductive thematic analysis, being possible to form three themes: Recognizing a framework for care; Considering the institutional context; and Challenges in family’s relationship. Results The theory favored reflections about self, about the institutions and about nurses’ relationship with the family of the child, normalized by a consciousness toward caring attitudes. Conclusion In this process, it is imperative that nurses recognize the philosophical-theoretical foundations of care to attend the child’s family in hospital.

  14. Jean-Louis Déotte, Walter Benjamin et la forme plastique. Architecture, technique, lieux

    OpenAIRE

    Brabant, Dominik

    2014-01-01

    Une longue fréquentation de Walter Benjamin a permis à Jean-Louis Déotte de construire, progressivement, par touches successives et motifs récurrents sans cesse repris et retravaillés, une figure de l’œuvre qui n’en soit pas la simple exégèse toujours recommencée, mais bien la reconfiguration constante de son lieu, du site de son avoir-lieu, si l’on considère l’œuvre-Benjamin à l’image d’un événement. Walter Benjamin et la forme plastique constitue à cet égard une étape importante, sans postu...

  15. THINKING ART, POETRY AND LITERATURE OF PERSPECTIVE BY JEAN-LUC NANCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Oleriano Monteiro Filho

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Luc Nancy, one of the most influential philosophers of today, is part of a group to some extent antagonistic. Marked by Heidegger's phenomenology, for a certain Hegelianism and the grounds of literary criticism of Maurice Blanchot, Nancy is coming from philosophers like Derrida and Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe. He teaches philosophy at the Faculty of Philosophy, Science of Language and Communication at the University of Strasbourg. Author of several works, his thoughts are evoked by quotations from scholarly works in many different areas. In this study, without attempting to exhaust the subject, we will discuss art, poetry and literature in light of the thought of Nancy, also featuring, when needed, the help of other established names.

  16. The resilient banality of catastrophes: about After Fukushima by Jean-Luc Nancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tonaki, Yotetsu

    2016-01-01

    The author proposes some thoughts based on a book (The equivalence of catastrophes - After Fukushima) written by the French philosopher Jean-Luc Nancy for whom Fukushima cannot be reduced to technological dysfunctions, nor to a factor attributable to men in charge, but reveals a system of general equivalence which supports a whole civilisation. The author refers to the speech on safety engineering and on resilience in Japan, and outlines some surprising correspondences with Nancy's writings. With a reference to Heidegger, the author shows that what the catastrophe reveals is not only daunting or abnormal phenomena, but also and above all an almost ontological condition which command the normal operation of every day life. Based on Anders' works, he examines what is on in this techno-sphere which is finally similar to a 'self-transformation of the human being'

  17. A NEW METHOD TO DIRECTLY MEASURE THE JEANS SCALE OF THE INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM USING CLOSE QUASAR PAIRS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rorai, Alberto; Hennawi, Joseph F.; White, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Although the baryons in the intergalactic medium (IGM) trace dark matter fluctuations on megaparsec scales, on smaller scales ∼100 kpc, fluctuations are suppressed because the finite temperature gas is pressure supported against gravity, analogous to the classical Jeans argument. This Jeans filtering scale, which quantifies the small-scale structure of the IGM, has fundamental cosmological implications. First, it provides a thermal record of heat injected by ultraviolet photons during cosmic reionization events, and thus constrains the thermal and reionization history of the universe. Second, the Jeans scale determines the clumpiness of the IGM, a critical ingredient in models of cosmic reionization. Third, it sets the minimum mass scale for gravitational collapse from the IGM, and hence plays a pivotal role in galaxy formation. Unfortunately, it is extremely challenging to measure the Jeans scale via the standard technique of analyzing purely longitudinal Lyα forest spectra, because the thermal Doppler broadening of absorption lines along the line-of-sight, is highly degenerate with Jeans smoothing. In this work, we show that the Jeans filtering scale can be directly measured by characterizing the coherence of correlated Lyα forest absorption in close quasar pairs, with separations small enough ∼100 kpc to resolve it. We present a novel technique for this purpose, based on the probability density function (PDF) of phase angle differences of homologous longitudinal Fourier modes in close quasar pair spectra. A Bayesian formalism is introduced based on the phase angle PDF, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques are used to characterize the precision of a hypothetical Jeans scale measurement, and explore degeneracies with other thermal parameters governing the IGM. A semi-analytical model of the Lyα forest is used to generate a large grid (500) of thermal models from a dark matter only simulation. Our full parameter study indicates that a realistic sample of

  18. A NEW METHOD TO DIRECTLY MEASURE THE JEANS SCALE OF THE INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM USING CLOSE QUASAR PAIRS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rorai, Alberto; Hennawi, Joseph F. [Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); White, Martin [Department of Astronomy, University of California at Berkeley, 601 Campbell Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States)

    2013-10-01

    Although the baryons in the intergalactic medium (IGM) trace dark matter fluctuations on megaparsec scales, on smaller scales ∼100 kpc, fluctuations are suppressed because the finite temperature gas is pressure supported against gravity, analogous to the classical Jeans argument. This Jeans filtering scale, which quantifies the small-scale structure of the IGM, has fundamental cosmological implications. First, it provides a thermal record of heat injected by ultraviolet photons during cosmic reionization events, and thus constrains the thermal and reionization history of the universe. Second, the Jeans scale determines the clumpiness of the IGM, a critical ingredient in models of cosmic reionization. Third, it sets the minimum mass scale for gravitational collapse from the IGM, and hence plays a pivotal role in galaxy formation. Unfortunately, it is extremely challenging to measure the Jeans scale via the standard technique of analyzing purely longitudinal Lyα forest spectra, because the thermal Doppler broadening of absorption lines along the line-of-sight, is highly degenerate with Jeans smoothing. In this work, we show that the Jeans filtering scale can be directly measured by characterizing the coherence of correlated Lyα forest absorption in close quasar pairs, with separations small enough ∼100 kpc to resolve it. We present a novel technique for this purpose, based on the probability density function (PDF) of phase angle differences of homologous longitudinal Fourier modes in close quasar pair spectra. A Bayesian formalism is introduced based on the phase angle PDF, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques are used to characterize the precision of a hypothetical Jeans scale measurement, and explore degeneracies with other thermal parameters governing the IGM. A semi-analytical model of the Lyα forest is used to generate a large grid (500) of thermal models from a dark matter only simulation. Our full parameter study indicates that a realistic sample of

  19. Human rights assessment in Parc Jean Marie Vincent, Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Kimberly A; Ivers, Louise C

    2010-12-15

    Months after a 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit Port-au-Prince, Haiti, over one million remain homeless and living in spontaneous internally displaced person (IDP) camps. Billions of dollars from aid organizations and government agencies have been pledged toward the relief effort, yet many basic human needs, including food, shelter, and sanitation, continue to be unmet. The Sphere Project, "Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response," identifies the minimum standards to be attained in disaster response. From a human rights perspective and utilizing key indicators from the Sphere Project as benchmarks, this article reports on an assessment of the living conditions approximately 12 weeks after the earthquake in Parc Jean Marie Vincent, a spontaneous IDP camp in Port-au-Prince. A stratified random sample of households in the camp, proportionate to the number of families living in each sector, was selected. Interview questions were designed to serve as "key indicators" for the Sphere Project minimum standards. A total of 486 interviews were completed, representing approximately 5% of households in each of the five sectors of the camp. Our assessment identified the relative achievements and shortcomings in the provision of relief services in Parc Jean Marie Vincent. At the time of this survey, the Sphere Project minimum standards for access to health care and quantity of water per person per day were being met. Food, shelter, sanitation, and security were below minimum accepted standard and of major concern. The formal assessment reported here was completed by September 2010, and is necessarily limited to conditions in Haiti before the cholera outbreak in October. Copyright © 2010 Cullen and Ivers. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any

  20. LA SAFE and Isle de Jean Charles: Regional Adaptation and Community Resettlement Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, M.

    2017-12-01

    LA SAFE, or Louisiana's Strategic Adaptations for Future Environments, is a strategic framework for community development utilizing future projections of coastal land loss and flood risk as a determining factor in regional growth management and local planning initiatives along a 10, 25, and 50 year timeline. LA SAFE utilizes the input of passionate local citizen leaders and organizations committed to enabling community members to take proactive steps towards mitigating risk and increasing resilience against coastal issues. The project aims to acknowledge that adaptation and restoration must go hand-in-hand with addressing community growth and contraction, as well as realizing Louisiana's most vulnerable coastal communities will need to contemplate resettlement over the next 50 years. The project's outlook is to become a global leader for adaptation and cultural design and restoration. Connecting a global interest with the project and offering extensive ways for people to learn about the issues and get involved will provide an immense amount of support necessary for future coastal environments around the world. This presentation will focus on the output of a year-long planning effort across a six-parish target area encompassing several vulnerable coastal Louisiana locales. The Resettlement of Isle de Jean Charles is a federally-funded and first-of-its kind initiative marking Louisiana's first attempt to relocate a vulnerable coastal community at-scale and as a group. Due to a myriad of environmental factors, the Island has experienced 98 percent land loss since 1955, leading to many of the Island's historical inhabitants to retreat to higher, drier landscapes. In moving the community at-scale, the project seeks to inject new life into the community and its residents in relocating the community to higher, safer ground, while also developing the new community in such a way that it maximizes economic development, job training, and educational opportunities and can be a

  1. The Jeans Condition and Collapsing Molecular Cloud Cores: Filaments or Binaries?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boss, Alan P.; Fisher, Robert T.; Klein, Richard I.; McKee, Christopher F.

    2000-01-01

    The 1997 and 1998 studies by Truelove and colleagues introduced the Jeans condition as a necessary condition for avoiding artificial fragmentation during protostellar collapse calculations. They found that when the Jeans condition was properly satisfied with their adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) code, an isothermal cloud with an initial Gaussian density profile collapsed to form a thin filament rather than the binary or quadruple protostar systems found in previous calculations. Using a completely different self-gravitational hydrodynamics code introduced by Boss and Myhill in 1992 (B and M), we present here calculations that reproduce the filamentary solution first obtained by Truelove et al. in 1997. The filamentary solution only emerged with very high spatial resolution with the B and M code, with effectively 12,500 radial grid points (R12500). Reproducing the filamentary collapse solution appears to be an excellent means for testing the reliability of self-gravitational hydrodynamics codes, whether grid-based or particle-based. We then show that in the more physically realistic case of an identical initial cloud with nonisothermal heating (calculated in the Eddington approximation with code B and M), thermal retardation of the collapse permits the Gaussian cloud to fragment into a binary protostar system at the same maximum density where the isothermal collapse yields a thin filament. However, the binary clumps soon thereafter evolve into a central clump surrounded by spiral arms containing two more clumps. A roughly similar evolution is obtained using the AMR code with a barotropic equation of state--formation of a transient binary, followed by decay of the binary to form a central object surrounded by spiral arms, though in this case the spiral arms do not form clumps. When the same barotropic equation of state is used with the B and M code, the agreement with the initial phases of the AMR calculation is quite good, showing that these two codes yield mutually

  2. Chinese vegetative materia medica in a venereological treatise by Jean Astruc from 1740.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drobnik, Jacek

    2016-07-01

    Historical medical sources can be still queried for forgotten cures and remedies. Traditional Chinese medicine has dealt with lues venerea (syphilis) since the Five Dynasties period (10th century). Chinese indigenous materia medica and remedies recorded, studied or imported by the Europeans can reveal known or quite unknown medicinal plants. The studied Jean Astruc's work is a published ethnopharmacological survey carried out in Beijing in the 1730s and it deserves a modern interpretation. This is the first proposal to identify historical Chinese medicinal plants listed in a scarcely known medical treatise De Morbis venereis… ('On venereal diseases…') by Jean Astruc from 1740. I searched for the current uses and position of the taxonomically identified herbal stock in both traditional Chinese and official medical knowledge, with special attention to syphilis. Chinese names of drugs and their botanical identities (originally expressed by means of pre-Linnaean polynomials, and now interpreted as accepted binomials) were independently cross-checked with younger till most recent taxonomical and ethnopharmacological sources. Plants and drugs identified this way were queried for their modern applications in traditional Chinese and official medicine with special attention to sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and other uses which are similar to the 18th-century understanding of venereology. For 24 items of medicinal stock, 34 medicinal plants have been identified or suspected: Acacia catechu, Achyranthes bidentata, Akebia quinata, Angelica dahurica, A. sinensis, Aquilaria sinensis, Aralia cordata, Aristolochia fangchi, Chaenomeles sinensis, Ch. speciosa, Clematis vitalba, Coix lacryma-jobi, Commiphora myrrha, Cydonia oblonga, Daemonorops draco, D. jenkinsiana, Dictamnus dasycarpus, Dryobalanops sumatrensis, Forsythia suspensa, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Lonicera confusa, L. hypoglauca, L. japonica, Ligusticum striatum (=L. chuanxiong), Piper kadsura, Pterocarpus

  3. Lacan leitor de Melanie Klein: O caso Dick em questão

    OpenAIRE

    Lucero, Ariana; Vorcaro, Angela Maria Resende

    2017-01-01

    RESUMO - O artigo apresenta a leitura que Jacques Lacan faz do caso Dick, de Melanie Klein. Para tanto, a discussão com o flósofo Jean Hyppolite é retomada com o objetivo de explicitarmos como os mecanismos de Ausstossung [expulsão], Verneinung [negação] e Bejahung [afrmação], descritos por Freud em 1925, podem contribuir para a compreensão da constituição psíquicasob uma perspectiva lacaniana. Em seguida, expomos o caso, tanto para apreendermos clinicamente o que foi exposto na teoria, quant...

  4. A CONSTITUIÇÃO DO SUJEITO: UMA REFLEXÃO A PARTIR DE JEAN-PAUL SARTRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcia Cecília da Silva

    2017-05-01

    this object of study has difficulties, which are evident in the different approaches to it, either objectivist or subjectivist ones. In order to contribute to such discussion, this study aims at analyzing how the existentialism of Jean-Paul Sartre approaches the processes of the constitution of the subject. The Sartrean perspective enriches Psychology because, by rejecting reductionisms, it offers a conception that does not dichotomize the phenomenon of objectification-subjectification, since it conceives the subject in the dialectical relation between objectivity and subjectivity. Sartre does not only suggest elements to understand body, consciousness and the world as a human and historical reality, but also elucidates how the subject, who is forged in intersubjectivity, constructs his/her personal and collective history. Keywords: psychology; constitution of the subject; existentialism; Jean-Paul Sartr

  5. The copy of the Essays of Jean Rey, used by Bayen and Gobet, at the BIU Sante, pole Pharmacie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafont, Olivier

    2016-06-01

    The copy of the innovative book written by Jean Rey in 1630, entitied : The Essays on the reasons why the weight of stain and lead increased when they were burnt, which is nowadays kept in the BIU Sante, pole Pharmacie, proved to be the authentic copy which had been used by Pierre Bayer when he rediscovered Jean Rey's Works. It was also the same copy that Gobey used when he real- ized his new edition of the Essays in 1777. This copy first belonged to M. de Villars from La Rochelle, and then was acquired by M. de Villiers, who accepted to lend it to Bayen. The probes for this identification were detailed in the article.

  6. Chaînes logistiques et consommation d'énergie : cas du yaourt et du jean

    OpenAIRE

    Rizet , C.; Keita , Basile

    2005-01-01

    Contrat INRETS/ADEME n°: 0203034; Rapport de recherche; Pour analyser l'efficacité énergétique et les émissions de GES des chaînes logistiques, on compare différentes chaînes aboutissant aux mêmes consommateurs. Deux produits sont étudiés : le yaourt, caractéristique de la chaîne du froid et des flux tendus et le blue jean, intégré au marché mondial, tant pour sa matière première principale (le coton) que pour les différentes étapes de sa fabrication. Les chaînes étudiées pour le jean différe...

  7. Jean-Alfred Fournier - the founder of the European venereology and dermatology (on the one hundredth death anniversary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Kisteneva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a life story of a great French dermatologist and venereologist, one of the founders of the theory of syphilis Jean-Alfred Fournier (1832-1914. It provides data on the published works by Jean-Alfred Fournier, some of which earned him a doctoral degree. It also provides data on Fournier’s election as a member of the French Academy of Medicine in 1879 as well as on the founding of the French Society of Dermatology and Syphiligraphy by Fournier and other French dermatologists in 1889. The article defines the contribution made by Fournier to the development of venereology and practical medicine in the second half of the 19th century and early 20th century.

  8. Pengaruh Harga Diskon, Kualitas Produk, Citra Merek, dan Iklan terhadap Minat Beli Celana Jeans Levi's di Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Ghristian, Ignatius Danu

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to test the effect of Discounted Price, Product Quality, Brand Image, and Advertising on Purchase Intention of Levi's Pants Jeans in Surabaya. This study used the independent variables such as discount price, product quality, brand image and advertising while the dependent variable is Purchase Intention. It took 82 respondents that were selected by using Judgment Sampling Technique. The data were analyzed using multiple linear regressions and using analysis tools of S...

  9. Der vergeschlechtlichte Staat: zum Verhältnis von Freiheit, Geschlecht und Staat bei Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy, Nicola

    2017-01-01

    "Im Beitrag werden die strategischen und systematischen Funktionen sowie die Bedeutung der von Jean-Jacques Rousseau beschriebenen Geschlechtscharaktere und der darauf bauenden Ordnung des Geschlechterverhältnisses im Rahmen der konkreten Ausgestaltung und Umsetzung seines Modells des Staates sichtbar gemacht. Bemerkenswert ist die Tatsache, dass die Möglichkeitsbedingungen (Gemeinwohlorientierung) von Rousseaus Republik, mit deren Hilfe die Herstellung und der Erhalt der bürgerlichen Freihei...

  10. "I would eagerly leave Neuchâtel ..." A 1912 letter by Jean Piaget with an introduction and notes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal, F

    1986-01-01

    A 1912 letter from fifteen-year-old Jean Piaget (1896-1980) to the director of the Museum of Natural History of Geneva illustrates Piaget's precocious integration into a community of professional naturalists, and reveals his hitherto unknown plan to study medicine. It is not certain whether he actually intended to realize that plan. An essential biographical fact, however, is that he finally left natural history by turning to philosophy rather than to medicine.

  11. A humanist's legacy in medical informatics: visions and accomplishments of Professor Jean-Raoul Scherrer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geissbühler, A; Lovis, C; Spahni, S; Appel, R D; Ratib, O; Boyer, C; Hochstrasser, D F; Baud, R

    2002-01-01

    To report about the work of Prof. Jean-Raoul Scherrer, and show how his humanist vision, his medical skills and his scientific background have enabled and shaped the development of medical informatics over the last 30 years. Starting with the mainframe-based patient-centered hospital information system DIOGENE in the 70s, Prof. Scherrer developed, implemented and evolved innovative concepts of man-machine interfaces, distributed and federated environments, leading the way with information systems that obstinately focused on the support of care providers and patients. Through a rigorous design of terminologies and ontologies, the DIOGENE data would then serve as a basis for the development of clinical research, data mining, and lead to innovative natural language processing techniques. In parallel, Prof. Scherrer supported the development of medical image management, ranging from a distributed picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) to molecular imaging of protein electrophoreses. Recognizing the need for improving the quality and trustworthiness of medical information on the Web, Prof. Scherrer created the Health-On-the-Net (HON) foundation. These achievements, made possible thanks to his visionary mind, deep humanism, creativity, generosity and determination, have made of Prof. Scherrer a true pioneer and leader of the human-centered, patient-oriented application of information technology for improving healthcare.

  12. Data report: Jean Lake Area, Nevada. National Uranium Resource Evaluation Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cook, J.R.

    1982-05-01

    This report presents the results of detailed sampling of soils, rocks, and dry lake bed material from the area of Jean Dry Lake in southern Nevada. The study area is in the Kingman 1 0 x 2 0 quadrangle of the National Topographic Map Series. Samples were collected from 1000 sites. The target density of sampling was 16 sites per square mile in the lake bed and four sites per square mile for soil samples. Neutron activation analyses are presented for uranium and 16 other elements. Scintillometer readings are reported for each site. Analytical data and scintillometer measurements are presented in tables. Statistical summaries and a brief description of the results are given. Data from the sites (on microfiche in pocket) include; (1) elemental analyses (U, Th, Hf, Al, Ce, Dy, Eu, Fe, La, Lu, Mn, Sc, Sm, Na, Ti, and V); and (2) scintillometer readings. To make the data available for public use without further delay, this report is being issued without the normal technical and copy editing

  13. Weighing the galactic disc using the Jeans equation: lessons from simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candlish, G. N.; Smith, R.; Moni Bidin, C.; Gibson, B. K.

    2016-03-01

    Using three-dimensional stellar kinematic data from simulated galaxies, we examine the efficacy of a Jeans equation analysis in reconstructing the total disk surface density, including the dark matter, at the `Solar' radius. Our simulation data set includes galaxies formed in a cosmological context using state-of-the-art high-resolution cosmological zoom simulations, and other idealized models. The cosmologically formed galaxies have been demonstrated to lie on many of the observed scaling relations for late-type spirals, and thus offer an interesting surrogate for real galaxies with the obvious advantage that all the kinematical data are known perfectly. We show that the vertical velocity dispersion is typically the dominant kinematic quantity in the analysis, and that the traditional method of using only the vertical force is reasonably effective at low heights above the disk plane. At higher heights the inclusion of the radial force becomes increasingly important. We also show that the method is sensitive to uncertainties in the measured disk parameters, particularly the scalelengths of the assumed double exponential density distribution, and the scalelength of the radial velocity dispersion. In addition, we show that disk structure and low number statistics can lead to significant errors in the calculated surface densities. Finally, we examine the implications of our results for previous studies of this sort, suggesting that more accurate measurements of the scalelengths may help reconcile conflicting estimates of the local dark matter density in the literature.

  14. Jean-Martin Charcot and Parkinson's disease: Teaching and teaching materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walusinski, O

    2018-04-10

    James Parkinson's 1817 seminal article was not well known in France until 1861, when Jean-Martin Charcot and his friend, Alfred Vulpian, published a detailed description in French of paralysis agitans. Their article provided clinical information to help French physicians make an accurate diagnosis by considering gait, shaking and rigidity as well as masked facies. As Charcot always had a strong desire to teach, this article describes his lessons on Parkinson's disease from 1868 to 1888, and also examines the teaching approach he used to pass on his latest findings to his students and colleagues. Charcot also used his role as thesis advisor to disseminate Parkinson's work, and seven of the theses he oversaw, which until now have been overlooked, reveal another facet of his teacher-student relationship. These dissertations provided Charcot with an opportunity to highlight what he had already identified concerning what is today referred to as 'Parkinson-plus syndromes'. Finally, this report concludes with an historical survey of the teaching materials that Paul Richer and Albert Londe developed for the Master at La Salpêtrière to provide him with visual documentation. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. 30 July 2012 - Prime Minister of France, Mr. Jean-Marc Ayrault, visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximillien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Ligne d'accueil: Directeur général, R. Heuer présente: Directeur S. Myers, Chef des Relations internationales F. Pauss et Chefs de Département P. Bloch et A.-S. Catherin ; Représentants du CEA et du CNRS des 4 experiences LHC : J.-L. Faure, L. Fayard, C. Guyot, M.-H. Schune, Y. Schutz, Y. Sirois, Protocole CERN S. Molinari. Les autorités locales saluent le Premier ministre: M. Christophe Bouvier, maire de Cessy, M. Rachel Mazuir, sénateur de l'Ain, président du CG01, M. Etienne Blanc, député de l'Ain, maire de Divonne les Bains, et Mme Yvette Brachet, conseillère régionale représentant M. Jean-Jack Queyranne, président du CR Rhône Alpes. CERN-GE-1207163 32: dans le tunnel du LHC au Point 5: R. Garoby, Chef adjoint du département Faisceaux P. Lebrunm, Attaché à la Direction P. Bloch, Chef du département Physique J. Bertrand, (représente Alain Fuchs),CNRS Y. Sirois, Collaboration CMS, Responsable pour la France, Directeur de Recherche au CNRS, LLR Ecole Polytechnique J.-Y. Le Deaut, Dépu...

  16. JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU’NUN EMILE’İNDE KADIN EĞİTİMİ

    OpenAIRE

    GENÇ, Hanife Nalan

    2015-01-01

    Bu çalışmada Fransız Yazınının Aydınlanma Dönemi yazarlarından olan Jean-Jacques Rousseau’nun ağırlıkla eğitim konusuna adanmış olan Emile (Bir Çocuk Büyüyor) isimli yapıtında kadına bakış açısını irdelemeye çalıştık. İsmi kahramanının ismiyle özdeş olan roman, yazarın kuram ve görüşlerini bilimsel ilkeler ışığında geliştirdiği Emile’in eğitimini konu edinir. Yazıldığı dönemde derin yankılar uyandıran kitap, eğitbilim alanında uygulamaya dönük kuramlar geliştirilmiş ilk yapıt olmasıyla önemli...

  17. What to expect from dynamical modelling of galactic haloes - II. The spherical Jeans equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wenting; Han, Jiaxin; Cole, Shaun; More, Surhud; Frenk, Carlos; Schaller, Matthieu

    2018-06-01

    The spherical Jeans equation (SJE) is widely used in dynamical modelling of the Milky Way (MW) halo potential. We use haloes and galaxies from the cosmological Millennium-II simulation and hydrodynamical APOSTLE (A Project of Simulations of The Local Environment) simulations to investigate the performance of the SJE in recovering the underlying mass profiles of MW mass haloes. The best-fitting halo mass and concentration parameters scatter by 25 per cent and 40 per cent around their input values, respectively, when dark matter particles are used as tracers. This scatter becomes as large as a factor of 3 when using star particles instead. This is significantly larger than the estimated statistical uncertainty associated with the use of the SJE. The existence of correlated phase-space structures that violate the steady-state assumption of the SJE as well as non-spherical geometries is the principal source of the scatter. Binary haloes show larger scatter because they are more aspherical in shape and have a more perturbed dynamical state. Our results confirm that the number of independent phase-space structures sets an intrinsic limiting precision on dynamical inferences based on the steady-state assumption. Modelling with a radius-independent velocity anisotropy, or using tracers within a limited outer radius, result in significantly larger scatter, but the ensemble-averaged measurement over the whole halo sample is approximately unbiased.

  18. Pierre-Jean Mariette, enlightened art connoisseur and scholar of art history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid R. Vermeulen

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Review of Mariette and the Science of the Connoisseur in Eighteenth-Century Europe by Kristel Smentek, Farnham: Ashgate, 2014. In her book Smentek brings back to life the rich scope of economic and scholarly activities and social ambitions employed by the art dealer and collector of European renown, Jean-Pierre Mariette (1694-1774. By concentrating on the various artistic media in which he was primarily involved, she each time singles out an aspect of Mariette’s expertise. Economic and social shrewdness in the case of printmaking, the very core of his art connoisseurship in the case of drawing, and his art-historical scholarship in the case of gem engraving. In spite of the diverse connections she here creates between artistic medium and expertise, Smentek makes abundantly clear that the scientific method of art connoisseurship was underlying the employment of all these artistic media, which favoured empirical analysis in the historical understanding of art. She thereby makes a highly convincing case of the ways in which Mariette’s practices changed the terms in which the artistic past was scrutinized. On this basis it seems only logical to further research the impact of Mariette’s practices on art-scholarly projects initiated elsewhere in Europe and the ways it contributed to the emergence of art history as a modern discipline.

  19. Ivan Djaja (Jean Giaja)1 and the Belgrade School of Physiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andjus, Pavle R.; Stojilkovic, Stanko S.; Cvijic, Gordana

    2016-01-01

    Summary The founder of physiology studies in the Balkans and the pioneer of research on hypothermia, Ivan Djaja (Jean Giaja) was born 1884 in L’Havre. Giaja gained his PhD at the Sorbonne in 1909. In 1910 he established the first Chair of Physiology in the Balkans and organized the first Serbian Institute for Physiology at the School of Philosophy of the University of Belgrade. He led this Institute for more than 40 subsequent years. His most notable papers were in the field of thermoregulation and bioenergetics. Djaja became member of the Serbian and Croatian academies of science and doctor honoris causa of Sorbonne. In 1952 for the seminal work on the behaviour of deep cooled warm blooded animals he becane associate member of the National Medical Academy in Paris. In 1955 the French Academy of Sciences elected him as associate member in place of deceased Sir Alexander Fleming. Djaja died in 1957 during a congress held in his honour. He left more than 200 scientific and other papers and the golden DaVincian credo “Nulla dies sine experimento”. His legacy was continued by several generations of researchers, the most prominent among them being Stefan Gelineo, Radoslav Andjus and Vojislav Petrović. PMID:21777022

  20. Jean Painlevé : de la science à la fiction scientifique.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Riou

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Si l'image documentaire, et à fortiori l'image scientifique est encore souvent perçue comme la réalité elle-même, elle n'est cependant qu’interprétation. Nous nous proposons ici, par une approche issue de l'histoire des techniques, d'interroger la construction des images liées à la pratique de biologiste. La mise en formes de ces images est tout à la fois le reflet de l'expérimentateur, de l'instrument, et celui de la connaissance de l'époque. Mais dans un désir de partage de la science au plus grand nombre, elles soulèvent aussi la question du lien existant entre science et fiction. Jean Painlevé (1902-1989, réalisateur et scientifique usant du cinématographe, met l'accent sur ce point dès les années trente. Conscient de notre tendance naturelle à l'anthropomorphisme, il souligne la nécessité d'une éducation du regard pour plus d'indépendance et d'esprit critique vis à vis des images. Et, en tirant du contenu scientifique lui même la substance et la dramaturgie de ses histoires, il propose une mise en fiction de la science qui renouvelle le genre documentaire.

  1. Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin's 1825 treatise on the mouth and ingestion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Gabriel Tse Feng

    2012-12-01

    This article quotes and discusses Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin's musings on the mouth and ingestion as described in his book The Physiology of Taste. The book was first published in France in December 1825, and is still widely read as a key work in Gastronomy today. The mouth is intimately related to the acts of chewing, swallowing and eating and it would be interesting to report an early 19th century epicurean's views on the mouth. Passages from Brillat-Savarin's book describing the functions of the teeth and tongue and the acts of tasting, chewing, and swallowing are quoted in full. Anecdotes also include one on the horrifying punishment of having one's tongue removed and another illustrating the poor oral health found among Europeans of that era. His work offers a unique glimpse into how a 19th century gastronome viewed the oral cavity and its gastronomical functions. While some of his writings may appear archaic and antediluvian to the modern reader; others relating to, for example chewing and swallowing, are surprisingly accurate by contemporary standards. Nonetheless, the gastronomic savant seemed to know a lot right about modern stomatology! Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  2. Jean Rouch e a invenção do Outro no documentário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcius Freire

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1954, Jean Rouch, who at the time was studying the migrationsystem in West Africa, invited three Nigerian friends - Lam, Illo and Damouré - to undertake an excursion up to the Gold Cost (presently Gana the same way as thousand of young men did during the drought months. Rouch filmed that experience, mixing documentary with fiction, thereby introducing a whole new element in the relation movie maker/observed citizens. In fact, until then thesesubjects were under the gaze of the camera and urged to show aspects of their reality in the most natural possible way. In contrast, in Jaguar, the film resulting from the afore mentioned experience, Rouch shows subjects who constructed themselves through the fílmic record and act upon a likewise constructed reality. In this way, he sought an "induced-truth", an expression he used to define the procedure through which the freedom he gave to the characters to create orto create themselves could lead to the truth of the film. The aim of this article is to reflect on this procedure and its unfolding in the field of contemporary documentary.

  3. Jean-Baptiste Labat and the buccaneer barbecue in seventeenth-century Martinique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toczyski, Suzanne

    2010-01-01

    If, as the sociologist Pierre L. van den Berghe has suggested, cuisine is a significant expression of man's sociability, one might say that the seventeenth-century missionary Jean-Baptiste Labat was the single most social animal in the Caribbean islands in the 1690s. Although his primary responsibility on the island of Martinique was to serve the island's multiethnic population as a spiritual leader, le père Labat's memoirs chronicle the diverse culinary experiences of the missionary as he literally eats his way around the island, learning to prepare such delicacies as cocoa confit, roasted manatee, lizard en brochette, and parakeet en daube. Positing his unbridled interest in the culinary arts as a mark of his “obedience” to the duties assigned him as missionary, Labat's taxonomy of island delicacies and exotic tastes no doubt titillated the curiosity of his mainland readers while nevertheless grounding itself strongly in the values of order, authenticity, and industry so essential to Labat's apostolic mission. This article focuses on two “buccaneer barbecues” as examples of gastronomical experiences through which Labat was able to construct and negotiate new social, cultural, and symbolic meanings, exploring identity politics through the frame of the culinary arts in seventeenth-century Martinique.

  4. Jean-Martin Charcot's role in the 19th century study of music aphasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Julene K; Lorch, Marjorie; Nicolas, Serge; Graziano, Amy

    2013-05-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot's ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his 'Friday Lessons' on aphasia, which took place at the Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris in 1883-84. In his most comprehensive discussion about music, Charcot described a professional trombone player who developed difficulty copying music notation and playing his instrument, thereby identifying a new isolated syndrome of music agraphia without aphasia. Because the description of this case was published only in Italian by one of his students, Domenico Miliotti, there has been considerable confusion and under-acknowledgement of Charcot's ideas about music and the brain. In this paper, we describe Charcot's ideas regarding music and place them within the historical context of the growing interest in the neurological underpinnings of music abilities that took place in the 1880s.

  5. Highlights from e-EPS: Jean-Michel Raimond wins EPS Edison-Volta Prize 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    Martina Knoop, e-EPS News

    2014-01-01

    e-EPS News is a monthly addition to the CERN Bulletin line-up, showcasing articles from e-EPS – the European Physical Society newsletter – as part of a collaboration between the two publications.   The European Physical Society has the pleasure to announce that the 2014 EPS Edison-Volta Prize is awarded to Jean-Michel Raimond for “seminal contribution to physics (that) have paved the way for novel explorations of quantum mechanics and have opened new routes in quantum information processing”. J.-M. Raimond’s PhD thesis was supervised by Serge Haroche at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, France, in the early 1980′s, and together S. Haroche, M. Brune and J.-M. Raimond have built an extremely successful research group since then. J.-M. Raimond has made seminal contributions to the development of cavity QED experiments, in particular involving circular Rydberg atoms interacting with very high-Q superc...

  6. "To afford the wounded speedy assistance": Dominique Jean Larrey and Napoleon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skandalakis, Panagiotis N; Lainas, Panagiotis; Zoras, Odyseas; Skandalakis, John E; Mirilas, Petros

    2006-08-01

    Dominique Jean Larrey (1766-1842) has been described as the father of modern military surgery and is considered even today as the model military surgeon. He developed a plan of rapid evacuation of wounded soldiers from the battlefield during combat, using flexible medical units which he named ambulances volantes ("flying ambulances"). He won the admiration of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), who was amazed by the results of Larrey's sanitary system. Larrey spent almost 18 years with Napoleon, accompanying him in 25 campaigns, 60 battles, and more than 400 engagements. Napoleon's enormous military success was due not only to his strategy and skill but also to the medical services provided by Larrey. The surgeon became a master of wound management and limb amputation. In his vivid battlefield journals, Larrey documented the course of tetanus, the pathophysiology of cold injury, the effective control of hemorrhage, the drainage of empyema and hemothorax, the aspiration of pericardial effusion or hemopericardium, and the packing of sucking chest wounds. Larrey established a categorical rule for the triage of war casualties, treating the wounded according to the observed gravity of their injuries and the urgency for medical care, regardless of their rank or nationality.

  7. Entretiens Jacques Cordonier, Alain Jacquesson, Jean-Frédéric Jauslin, Hubert Villard

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    Beaucoup d’usages sont tellement ancrés dans nos vies que l’on ne s’interroge guère sur la manière dont ils sont advenus. Les réseaux informatiques, les échanges qu’ils génèrent, semblent aujourd’hui aussi « naturels » aux digital natives que la conversation à distance par téléphones fixes allait de soi il y a cinquante ans. Pour autant que l’on se pose la question, il est difficile d’imaginer qu’un domaine institutionnel, celui des bibliothèques en l’occurrence, ait joué un rôle important dans l’avènement et l’expansion de ces réseaux, au plan suisse voire international, et, par voie de conséquence, dans le développement et la normalisation des échanges intercantonaux. Cela est néanmoins une réalité. Ce livre d’entretiens fait apparaître en quoi Jacques Cordonier, Alain Jacquesson, Jean-Frédéric Jauslin et Hubert Villard, directeurs romands parmi les plus marquants de la fin du 20 e siècle, chacun avec son regard et sa tessiture, dans son canton ou à ...

  8. Exile: Rupture and Continuity in Jean Vanmai's Chan Dang and Fils de Chan Dang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tess Do

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay focuses on the work of the New Caledonian-born writer Jean Vanmai. His first two novels, Chan Dang and Fils de Chan Dang, describe the working conditions and exilic existence of the little known Chan Dang, the voluntary workers from Tonkin (North Vietnam who moved to New Caledonia many decades ago. Descended himself from a Chan Dang family, Vanmai wishes to preserve the memory of the Chan DangDang’s past. In writing the story of the Chan Dang, Vanmai sees himself as the guardian of the Chan Dang’s collective memory, a keeper and defender of their common past. The paper argues that Vanmai's depictions of the Chan Dang have two important effects. First, by sharing with other Vietnamese migrants/refugees the life and experiences of the Tonkinese voluntary workers in New Caledonia, Vanmai breaks the silence surrounding colonial exile and exploitation and provides a full account of the Chan Dang’s exile that can be integrated into the contemporary history of Vietnamese migration. Second, by using different narrative resolutions for each of his protagonists, Vanmai stresses the need to fulfil one’s filial duty among the young Vietnamese generations. With this symbolic filial act, Vanmai pays homage to his Vietnamese ancestors and earns himself a honourable title, that of a true dutiful "son of Chan Dang".

  9. La Maison Standar de Jean Prouvé en Meudon. Edificio, fachadas y paneles verticales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Armesto Pineda

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available En 1949 el ministro francés Eugène Claudius Petit visitó los talleres de Jean Prouvé en Maxeville. Acto seguido, el Ministerio de Reconstrucción y Urbanismo (M.R.U. encargó a Prouvé la planificación y desarrollo de una serie de casas de construcción ligera para la producción en serie, cuyo precio no debía superar el de una casa sencilla de la periferia construida de forma tradicional. El ministerio se comprometió a comprar 25 casas de este tipo y con ellas demostrar que la construcción ligera podía ser un procedimiento rápido y económico para poner fin a la escasez de viviendas en el periodo de posguerra. Finalmente, solo 14 de esas casas fueron construidas en Meudon, a las afueras de París. Su proyecto innovador, y el compromiso y dedicación de su autor, convirtieron a estas construcciones en un referente de la prefabricación aplicada al diseño y en verdaderas obras de arte que hoy día todavía pueden ser admiradas.

  10. Jeans Instability of the Self-Gravitating Viscoelastic Ferromagnetic Cylinder with Axial Nonuniform Rotation and Magnetic Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhiman, Joginder Singh; Sharma, Rajni

    2017-12-01

    The effects of nonuniform rotation and magnetic field on the instability of a self gravitating infinitely extending axisymmetric cylinder of viscoelastic ferromagnetic medium have been studied using the Generalised Hydrodynamic (GH) model. The non-uniform magnetic field and rotation are acting along the axial direction of the cylinder and the propagation of the wave is considered along the radial direction, while the ferrofluid magnetization is taken collinear with the magnetic field. A general dispersion relation representing magnetization, magnetic permeability and viscoelastic relaxation time parameters is obtained using the normal mode analysis method in the linearized perturbation equation system. Jeans criteria which represent the onset of instability of self gravitating medium are obtained under the limits; when the medium behaves like a viscous liquid (strongly coupled limit) and a Newtonian liquid (weakly coupled limit). The effects of various parameters on the Jeans instability criteria and on the growth rate of self gravitating viscoelastic ferromagnetic medium have been discussed. It is found that the magnetic polarizability due to ferromagnetization of medium marginalizes the effect of non-uniform magnetic field on the Jeans instability, whereas the viscoelasticity of the medium has the usual stabilizing effect on the instability of the system. Further, it is found that the cylindrical geometry is more stable than the Cartesian one. The variation of growth rate against the wave number and radial distance has been depicted graphically.

  11. Viirastuse ja illusiooni vahel: Trooja Jean Racine’i traagilises dispositiivis / Between Delusion and Illusion: Troy in Jean Racine’s Tragic Dispositive

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    Maria Einman

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the role of Troy in the space-time continuum of Jean Racine’s (1639-1699 two most widely known, secular tragedies „Iphigenia“ (1667 and „Andromache“ (1674. The tragic space-time continuum and its effect on the image of Troy is analysed according to the theory of operative devices. Stéphane Lojkine adapted this theory to the analysis of the space created by fictional texts. In the first section, the paper gives a brief overview of the history of the theory of operative devices and the principles and primary concepts involved, then describes the space-time of Racine’s tragedy as an operative device, which functions because the tensions created between the different zones and levels of space-time are mediated on a scopic level (i.e. the character’s viewpoints. The second section takes a closer look at how the images of the Trojan War that are created shift and change within these zones, depending on whether the events of war take place in the present or the future vis-à-vis the events of the tragedy.  In „Andromache“, Troy has already been destroyed. One of the Greek commanders, King Pyrrhus, is driven by sentimentality and wishes to restore it „within the walls“ of his kingdom. However, in „Iphigenia“, the characters are only just making preparations for war and their main desire is to be free of the curse of the gods that has rendered the waterway leading under the walls of Troy impenetrable. The male protagonists of both tragedies wish to bring Troy into their own, present space-time continuum. The conflicts in both tragedies revolve around a character who is the „key“ to Troy: in „Andromache“, it is Astyanax, the son of Hector, the dead king of Troy, and in „Iphigenia“, it is the main character’s double, Eriphyle, the daughter of beautiful Helen and Theseus. The delusional city in „Andromache“ materializes when Pyrrhus places the crown on Andromaque’s head, thereby ensuring

  12. A infância em Piaget e o infantil em Freud: temporalidades e moralidades em questão

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    Maria Regina Maciel

    Full Text Available Resumo O presente artigo propõe uma abordagem comparativa entre as noções de infância em Jean Piaget e de infantil em Sigmund Freud, tomando como conceitos básicos a noção de tempo e de moral em ambos os autores. Sustenta-se ser possível afirmar, a partir de uma leitura da epistemologia genética, que a infância vai-se transformando à medida que agimos e conhecemos de acordo com estruturas cognitivas operatórias. No entanto, segundo a psicanálise, é possível nos remeter ao infantil, presente também na vida adulta. O infantil escapa à racionalidade que subjaz àquela noção de estrutura piagetiana. A permanência do infantil é fonte das experiências criativas e da instauração de um movimento permanente de subjetivação.

  13. The Phenomenological Challenge of Jean-Luc Marion’s Gift Theology

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    Alex Y. Tiempo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The tendency in most prayers is to preempt an answer coming from God. Yet such predetermination often results to a short-sighted vision of God’s action. The mysterious dimension in this case is subsumed by man’s finite gaze of the divine. Man often “thinks” that what he asks for in prayer elicits an answer from God, in which case the latter has a “duty” to respond to the former. Thus, if man’s wish is not granted, he tends to doubt the existence of the divine. To counteract such tendency, this paper presents phenomenology as a possible explanation. First, it will analyze the problem through the Husserlian method of bracketing one’s biases or preconceived notions of God. The notion of intentionality is given as a probable cause of the usual tendency in prayers where man often “intends” according to how he perceives the divine. Next, it will apply Jean-Luc Marion’s reverse intentionality which considers that God initiates the dialog. Man’s role is simply to respond to such a call. This paper concludes that prayer or any acts attributed to God should be interpreted within the context of Marion’s reverse intentionality. The one thing that man needs to avoid is the tendency toward predetermination – that is, toward the thinking that man predetermines God’s answer. Intentionality could be a helpful guide in the phenomenological interpretation, but it is limited only to the act of bracketing previously held notions of God. It is precisely the difficulty in seeing the invisible that one needs, at most, a possible phenomenon that allows for the divine to reveal as a gift.

  14. Kaizen en el gemba de jean para microempresas textiles cantón Pelileo

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    Gloria Elizabeth Miño

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available La aplicación del Kaizen toma importancia en la gestión operativa, productiva de la empresa industrial moderna, debido a que se utiliza un conjunto de conceptos, técnicas y procedimientos que ayudan buscar el mejoramiento continuo, al ser las acciones diarias sencillas de todos los participantes que buscan la solución de los problemas, está filosofía busca reducir costos operativos para el mejoramiento productivo empresarial. Las actividades se realizan en el Gemba, término gerencial japonés utilizado para describir el puesto o lugar de trabajo (Work station, donde la productividad-competitividad tiene que ir unida a la calidad, obligando a todos los participantes a mejorar el trabajo en equipo en forma sistemática, para evitar las mudas, tiempos perdidos por excesivas esperas e incrementar el valor añadido al producto en elaboración, utilizando para aquello diagramas propios de estudio de trabajo, en especial el de análisis de procesos, recorrido para el mejoramiento productivo del antes y después de la confección textil en este caso pantalones jean´s, este tipo de prendas se realiza en la ciudad de Pelileo la cual no solo es comercializada en la misma, sino que es para la población a nivel nacional.   Palabras clave: kaizen, gemba, producción, productividad, optimización de la producción.

  15. Sauvegarde et valorisation du fonds d’archives familiales de Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo à Madagascar

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    Laurence Ink

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Figure essentielle et encore mal connue de la littérature malgache et internationale, Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo (1903‑1937 fut à la fois poète, journaliste et critique, dramaturge et romancier, historien de sa tradition, collecteur et traducteur de textes anciens comme de textes modernes. L’aventure qui débuta fin 2008 pour aboutir à la publication de ses œuvres complètes (AUF/ITEM, CNRS Éditions, Coll. Planète libre, Paris, 2 tomes, 2010 et 2012 consistait à sauvegarder l’important fonds d’archives familiales (plus de 800 manuscrits, tapuscrits, textes édités ou documents de travail confié par les ayant droits à l’Institut Français de Madagascar (Antananarivo, par un travail de tri, de numérisation et de mise en conditionnement neutre, in situ, et à le valoriser par l’édition des textes, pour une grande part inédits, dans une approche scientifique à caractère génétique. Expérience novatrice, structurée par une méthodologie devant constamment s’adapter aux exigences géographique, scientifique et éditoriale, elle est également à considérer comme un cas d’école, pour une meilleure approche des fonds d’archives littéraires, aujourd’hui en péril dans bon nombre de pays du Sud.

  16. O superego: em busca de uma nova abordagem

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    Marta Rezende Cardoso

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta a proposição de uma nova concepção do superego, segundo a qual os imperativos superegóicos seriam comparáveis, em todos os indivíduos, a um “enclave psicótico”. Trata-se aqui de aprofundar aspectos fundamentais da questão do superego, numa tentativa de elaborar alguns pontos que ficaram problemáticos em Freud, Melanie Klein e outros autores pós-freudianos. A obra de Jean Laplanche foi útil como fonte principal na formulação das hipóteses apresentadas cuja incidência na clínica psicanalítica parece inegável.

  17. A Thermodynamic History of the Solar Constitution — II: The Theory of a Gaseous Sun and Jeans' Failed Liquid Alternative

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    Robitaille P.-M.

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the development of solar theory is followed from the concept that the Sun was an ethereal nuclear body with a partially condensed photosphere to the creation of a fully gaseous object. An overview will be presented of the liquid Sun. A powerful lineage has brought us the gaseous Sun and two of its main authors were the direct sci- entific descendants of Gustav Robert Kirchhoff: Franz Arthur Friedrich Schuster and Arthur Stanley Eddington. It will be discovered that the seminal ideas of Father Secchi and Herv ́ e Faye were not abandoned by astronomy until the beginning of 20th century. The central role of carbon in early solar physics will also be highlighted by revisit- ing George Johnstone Stoney. The evolution of the gaseous models will be outlined, along with the contributions of Johann Karl Friedrich Z ̈ ollner, James Clerk Maxwell, Jonathan Homer Lane, August Ritter, William Thomson, William Huggins, William Edward Wilson, George Francis FitzGerald, Jacob Robert Emden, Frank Washington Very, Karl Schwarzschild, and Edward Arthur Milne. Finally, with the aid of Edward Arthur Milne, the work of James Hopwood Jeans, the last modern advocate of a liquid Sun, will be rediscovered. Jeans was a staunch advocate of the condensed phase, but deprived of a proper building block, he would eventually abandon his non-gaseous stars. For his part, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar would spend nine years of his life studying homogeneous liquid masses. These were precisely the kind of objects which Jeans had considered for his liquid stars.

  18. Jeans that fit: weighing the mass of the Milky Way analogues in the ΛCDM universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kafle, Prajwal R.; Sharma, Sanjib; Robotham, Aaron S. G.; Elahi, Pascal J.; Driver, Simon P.

    2018-04-01

    The spherical Jeans equation is a widely used tool for dynamical study of gravitating systems in astronomy. Here, we test its efficacy in robustly weighing the mass of Milky Way analogues, given they need not be in equilibrium or even spherical. Utilizing Milky Way stellar haloes simulated in accordance with Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) cosmology by Bullock and Johnston and analysing them under the Jeans formalism, we recover the underlying mass distribution of the parent galaxy, within distance r/kpc ∈ [10, 100], with a bias of ˜ 12 per cent and a dispersion of ˜ 14 per cent. Additionally, the mass profiles of triaxial dark matter haloes taken from the SURFS simulation, within scaled radius 0.2 < r/rmax < 3, are measured with a bias of ˜ - 2.4 per cent and a dispersion of ˜ 10 per cent. The obtained dispersion is not because of Poisson noise due to small particle numbers as it is twice the later. We interpret the dispersion to be due to the inherent nature of the ΛCDM haloes, for example being aspherical and out-of-equilibrium. Hence, the dispersion obtained for stellar haloes sets a limit of about 12 per cent (after adjusting for random uncertainty) on the accuracy with which the mass profiles of the Milky Way-like galaxies can be reconstructed using the spherical Jeans equation. This limit is independent of the quantity and quality of the observational data. The reason for a non-zero bias is not clear, hence its interpretation is not obvious at this stage.

  19. El diálogo, un espacio de crítica Jean Badovici y Eilleen Gray

    OpenAIRE

    María Pura Moreno Moreno; Juan Pedro Sanz Alarcón

    2016-01-01

    Resumen Jean Badovici fue un arquitecto rumano dedicado a la crítica y a la difusión de la arquitectura moderna en el París de la Europa de entreguerras. A  partir de 1924, y emulando a Paul Valéry en 'Eupalinos ó el arquitecto',  comenzó a publicar unos textos dialogados donde él mismo interpelaba a una segunda voz – Eileen Gray – en torno a conceptos del pensamiento  arquitectónico. En este artículo se analizan los temas abordados principalmente en los  diálogos titulados 'La maison ...

  20. Kohti elokuvallista ajattelua : virtuaalisen todellisen ontologia Gilles Deleuzen ja Jean-Luc Godardin elokuvakäsityksissä

    OpenAIRE

    Oravala, Juha

    2008-01-01

    Juha Oravala tarkastelee tutkimuksessaan yhteyttä ranskalaisen filosofin Gilles Deleuzen (1925–1995) elokuvalle ominaisten liikkeen ja ajan kategorioille rakentuvan monijakoisen todellisuuskäsityksen sekä ranskalaisen elokuvaohjaaja Jean-Luc Godardin tutkivan elokuvakäsityksen välillä.Aikaisempi elokuvateoria painotti laajalti tekijälähtöistä näkökulmaa. Sen yksi vallitseva tulkinnallinen totuus oli, että tekijä pyrkii ilmaisemaan elokuvien kautta sisäistä kokemusmaailmaansa ja sisäistä puhet...

  1. Nizet Jean, Pichault François, Les performances des organisations africaines : pratiques de gestion en contexte incertain

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    David Laloy

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, dirigé par Jean Nizet et François Pichault, propose d’aborder la question du fonctionnement et des performances des organisations africaines en dépassant la posture “radicale” selon laquelle les caractéristiques de la culture africaine (manque d’expérience et de formation des entrepreneurs, clientélisme et corruption, prégnance des cultures traditionnelles et non rationnelles... expliqueraient à elles seules l’inhibition du développement des organisations. Ce type d’approche, qu...

  2. Derecho para la ciudad en una sociedad democrática. Respuesta a Jean-Pierre Garnier.

    OpenAIRE

    Capel, Horacio

    2011-01-01

    Como respuesta a las críticas efectuadas por Jean-Pierre Garnier en su artículo “Treinta objeciones a Horacio Capel”, el autor se reafirma en las ideas que expuso en la conferencia “Urbanización Generalizada, derecho a la ciudad y derecho para la ciudad”. Su tesis fundamental es que se debe y se puede convencer a los ciudadanos de la necesidad de realizar profundas reformas, y que el marco legal democrático permite elaborar y aprobar leyes verdaderamente innovadoras e incluso revolucionarias....

  3. Neuroplasticity and the brain connectome: what can Jean Talairach's reflections bring to modern psychosurgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourdillon, Pierre; Apra, Caroline; Lévêque, Marc; Vinckier, Fabien

    2017-09-01

    Contrary to common psychosurgical practice in the 1950s, Dr. Jean Talairach had the intuition, based on clinical experience, that the brain connectome and neuroplasticity had a role to play in psychosurgery. Due to the remarkable progress of pharmacology at that time and to the technical limits of neurosurgery, these concepts were not put into practice. Currently, these concepts are being confirmed by modern techniques such as neuroimaging and computational neurosciences, and could pave the way for therapeutic innovation in psychiatry. Psychosurgery commonly uses a localizationist approach, based on the idea that a lesion to a specific area is responsible for a deficit opposite to its function. To psychosurgeons such as Walter Freeman, who performed extensive lesions causing apparently inevitable deficit, Talairach answered with clinical data: complex psychic functions cannot be described that simply, because the same lesion does not provoke the same deficit in different patients. Moreover, cognitive impairment did not always follow efficacious psychosurgery. Talairach suggested that selectively destructing part of a network could open the door to a new organization, and that early psychotherapy could encourage this psychoplasticity. Talairach did not have the opportunity to put these concepts into practice in psychiatric diseases because of the sudden availability of neuroleptics, but connectomics and neuroplasticity gave rise to major advances in intraparenchymal neurosurgery, from epilepsy to low-grade glioma. In psychiatry, alongside long-standing theories implicating focal lesions and diffuse pathological processes, neuroimaging techniques are currently being developed. In mentally healthy individuals, combining diffusion tensor imaging with functional MRI, magnetoencephalography, and electroencephalography allows the determination of a comprehensive map of neural connections in the brain on many spatial scales, the so-called connectome. Ultimately, global

  4. PARADOXURILE CONCEPŢIEI POLITICE ÎN OPERA LUI JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU

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    Alexandru MAZILU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ideile lui Rousseau au avut un impact major asupra societăţii la sfârşitul sec. al XVIII-lea şi pe parcursul întregii perioade a sec. al XIX-lea. Aceste idei au imprimat un suflu modern cugetului său, fiind considerat şi un ideologist politic, o voce puternică a Revoluţiei Franceze şi un pioner al curentului romantic. În legătură cu domeniul nostru de studiu, paradoxurile concepţiei politice ale lui Rousseau se referă la contradicţia dintre aspiraţiile modernităţii şi criticile violente ale progresului social. El pune accentul pe contradicţia dintre încrede-rea deplină în ,,contractul social”, ca pattern cultural şi lipsa de încredere în ,,educaţia socială”. Unicul mod de a depăşi aceste contradicţii este abordarea noului model al filosofiei educaţiei bazat pe reforme radicale pentru a facilita autodezvoltarea individului.   THE PARADOXES OF POLITICAL CONCEPTION IN THE WORK OF JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAUHis ideas have a big impact on the society at the end of the 18th century and the whole 19th century period. These ideas transform his spirit into a modern one, as well as a political ideologist, main voice of the French Revolution and pioneer of the Romantic Movement. Related to our article subject, Rousseau's political conceptual paradoxes refer to the contradiction between moderni-ty aspiration and the violent critic of the social progress. He emphasizes the contradiction between full trust of the "social contract", as a cultural pattern and the distrust of the "social education." The only way to leave the contradictions behind is his new education philosophy pattern based on a radical reform in order for the individual to develop himself.

  5. Representações Sociais acerca do Trabalho em Equipe

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    Denise de Aragão Fernandes dos Santos

    Full Text Available O trabalho em equipe é uma demanda das atuais organizações de trabalho. Este estudo identificou representações sociais acerca do trabalho em equipe em universidades no Rio de Janeiro. Uma fase inicial de evocação foi feita com 134 funcionários, que indicaram e ordenaram de três a cinco palavras a partir do termo indutor "trabalho em equipe". Na sequência, foram realizadas 14 entrevistas para aprofundamento das respostas. A abordagem de representações sociais escolhida foi a estrutural, de Jean Claude Abric e a análise foi feita com apoio do software EVOC.Os resultados indicam 393 palavras evocadas, sendo 187 distintas, cujo agrupamento por semelhança resultou em 105 palavras/expressões. Os resultados apontam como possíveis núcleos centrais as palavras "respeito", "união" e "cooperação". Os resultados foram discutidos à luz da literatura, sendo apresentadas contribuições do estudo para o avanço das pesquisas sobre equipes de trabalho.

  6. Le paysage atlantique dans Lettres à ma fille de Jean Désy. Entre projection et plongée

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    Myriam Marcil-Bergeron

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available L’écrivain-voyageur Jean Désy raconte dans Lettres à ma fille (1997 sa première navigation hauturière, qui consiste en une traversée de l’océan Atlantique à la voile. Deux pôles orientent la représentation du grand large dans ce récit, soit la projection du voyageur vers le dehors et la plongée dans ses souvenirs des paysages nordiques et sylvestres. Par une approche géopoétique, cet article vise à examiner les effets du rythme et de la polysensorialité ainsi que la manière dont l’expérience du Nord et de la forêt participe à la configuration du paysage atlantique. The traveller and writer Jean Désy narrates in Lettres à ma fille (1997 his first ocean navigation, which consists in a sailing across the Atlantic. In this story, two poles orient the representation of the open sea, namely the traveler’s outward projection and his diving into memories from nordic and forest landscapes. Through a geopoetic approach, this article aims to examine the effects of rhythm and polysensoriality, and also how the experience of the North and the forest participates in the configuration of the atlantic landscape.

  7. Proyecto de factibilidad para la creación de una Empresa productora de Jeanïs en la ciudad de Quito - Ecuador.

    OpenAIRE

    Carrillo Gavilánez, Verónica Paola

    2007-01-01

    El sector de la confección de jeans ha sido altamente fragmentado y de tipo familiar en el país. Dentro de la estrategia para incrementar su competitividad internacional, a raíz de la apertura comercial de inicios de los 90, el ingreso de empresas textiles con plantas de confección propias cambió significativamente el panorama de la confección nacional de jeans el cual se vio súbitamente inyectado con mejores prácticas gerenciales y nuevas estrategias de comercialización y vent...

  8. [WILD MAMMALS OF THE GRAND DUCHY OF LITHUANIA IN THE WORKS OF JEAN-EMMANUEL GILIBERT].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samojlik, Tomasz; Daszkiewicz, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    Among the many topics of lively scientific work that Jean Emmanuel Gilibert (1741-1814) conducted in Grodno and Vilnius, an important place is occupied by his observations of wild mammals. Royal patronage and care from Antoni Tyzenhauz, Treasurer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the governor of Grodno, allowed Gilibert to keep and observe wild fauna captured by royal services in royal forests, including Białowieża Primeval Forest. Such was an origin of a female bison kept by Gilibert in Grodno. Its description, published in Indagatores naturae in Lithuania (Vilnius 1781) for decades became the primary source of information about the behaviour, food preferences and the anatomy of European bison. European science has just begun to take interest in European bison, therefore Gilibert's account entered scientific circulation by way of French natural history encyclopaedias (mainly Georges Buffon's Histoire naturelle) and works by Georges Cuvier or Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. Apart from the description of European bison, Gilibert left an entire series of observations of wild mammals inhabiting the forests of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. His accounts of moose were important in building a knowledge base for this species. In the first half of the 18th century, moose was known mainly from fantastic descriptions in Renaissance works and from prescriptions devoted to using moose hoof as the epilepsy treatment. Gilibert's observations helped to overthrow such superstitions. Similarly, Gilibert's first-hand information verified the widespread legends concerning brown bear (e.g. the belief that white bears, belonging to other species than polar bears, occur in Lithuania) . List of species kept and thoroughly watched by the scholar is much longer and includes lynx, wolf (and hybrids of wolves and dogs), beaver, badger, fox, hedgehog, and even white mouse. Also his comments on the species of mammals then absent in Lithuania but known either from farming or from the fur

  9. O corpo na gestalt-terapia : um diálogo com Jean-Paul Sartre

    OpenAIRE

    Melo, Daniel Marcio Pereira

    2014-01-01

    Sendo uma perspectiva humanista, existencial e fenomenológica, a gestalt-terapia assume uma concepção de homem pautada na liberdade de ser e, também, na facticidade da existência vivida, principalmente, por meio do seu corpo. Se o homem não tem essência a priori, mas se faz existência a partir da sua liberdade de ser, conforme a fenomenologia existencial sartreana, isto ocorre a cada dia, em cada escolha, e se revela, objetivamente, num corpo que é, de fato, aqui-agora, marcado...

  10. Evaluation of <em>HER2em> Gene Amplification in Breast Cancer Using Nuclei Microarray <em>in em>S>itu em>Hybridization

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    Xuefeng Zhang

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Fluorescence<em> em>>in situ em>hybridization (FISH assay is considered the “gold standard” in evaluating <em>HER2/neu (HER2em> gene status. However, FISH detection is costly and time consuming. Thus, we established nuclei microarray with extracted intact nuclei from paraffin embedded breast cancer tissues for FISH detection. The nuclei microarray FISH (NMFISH technology serves as a useful platform for analyzing <em>HER2em> gene/chromosome 17 centromere ratio. We examined <em>HER2em> gene status in 152 cases of invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast that were resected surgically with FISH and NMFISH. <em>HER2em> gene amplification status was classified according to the guidelines of the American Society of Clinical Oncology and College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP. Comparison of the cut-off values for <em>HER2em>/chromosome 17 centromere copy number ratio obtained by NMFISH and FISH showed that there was almost perfect agreement between the two methods (κ coefficient 0.920. The results of the two methods were almost consistent for the evaluation of <em>HER2em> gene counts. The present study proved that NMFISH is comparable with FISH for evaluating <em>HER2em> gene status. The use of nuclei microarray technology is highly efficient, time and reagent conserving and inexpensive.

  11. A New Natural Lactone from <em>Dimocarpus> <em>longan> Lour. Seeds

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    Zhongjun Li

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A new natural product named longanlactone was isolated from <em>Dimocarpus> <em>longan> Lour. seeds. Its structure was determined as 3-(2-acetyl-1<em>H>-pyrrol-1-yl-5-(prop-2-yn-1-yldihydrofuran-2(3H-one by spectroscopic methods and HRESIMS.

  12. Depaule Jean-Charles (avec la collaboration de Jean-Luc Arnaud, À travers le mur, Marseille, éditions Parenthèses, collection Eupalinos, 2014, 219 p.

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    Anna Madoeuf

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Saluons la réédition, aux éditions Parenthèses, dans la collection Eupalinos, d’À travers le mur, de Jean-Charles Depaule, ouvrage qui est tant une contribution rare et originale aux études urbaines, qu’un opus d’anthropologie sur l’espace habité, de même qu’une source de références multiples, notamment littéraires. « Rêver des lourdes portes, des passages en chicane et plus encore, peut-être des moucharabiehs perdus […] ». Cette sollicitation onirique et énigmatique, quatrième de couverture ...

  13. Shakespeare for all Seasons ? Richard II en Avignon : de Jean Vilar (1957 à Ariane Mnouchkine (1982 Shakespeare for All Seasons? Richard II at the Avignon Festival: from Jean Vilar (1957 to Ariane Mnouchkine (1982

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    Isabelle Schwartz-Gastine

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Richard II has not often been performed on the French stage; however, in the 20th century, within a period of 35 years, two productions premiered at the same venue (the Cour d’Honneur at the open-air Avignon Festival, were so successful that they became emblematic of their times. In 1947 Jean Vilar opened the first Avignon Festival with an ascetic, charismatic eponymous hero who came to an inner knowledge of himself in his bare prison cell; in 1982 Ariane Mnouchkine offered a splendid visual display by transposing the play into the kabuki tradition; this offered the audience breath-taking and dynamic tableaux of elaborate court ceremonies and rebellious lords.At such a distance in time, the English medieval code of honour was dealt with according to completely different theatrical principles of ethics and aesthetics, mirroring the changes in perspective within French society.

  14. Jean Valjean y Rastignac: dos modelos extremos de comprender la libertad en el héroe decimonónico / Jean Valjean and Rastignac: Two Opposing Approaches on the Notion of Freedom in the Nineteenth-Century Hero

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    Guillermo Aguirre Martínez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Through two universal characters, Jean Valjean and Eugène de Rastignac, French decimononic narrative offers two heroic models as two different views of the world: one embodies Victor Hugo’s social ideas, and the other Honoré de Balzac’s ones. In this paper, we suggest a study focused on the heroe’s fight against destiny in order to develop several oppositions between chance and fate. This duality is the central idea in the work of both novelists. Finally, we will analyze the heroe’s work aiming to under-sand how the ethical behavior trascends fiction to emerge into the real world.À travers les personnages de Jean Valjean et de Eugène de Rastignac, le roman français du XIXème proposera deux modèles de héros appréhendés comme des cosmovisions opposées : l’une incarnera les idées sociales de Victor Hugo, et l’autre celles d’Honoré de Balzac. Dans cet article, nous proposons une approche qui s’empare de la figure du héros et sa confrontation avec le destin, afin d’établir une série d’oppositions autour de la dualité hasard-nécessité, entendue comme fondement clé dans l’œuvre des deux romanciers. Enfin, nous réaliserons une série de comparaisons éclairantes autour de la tâche du héros dans le but de comprendre comment les conduites éthiques manifestées dans la fiction trouvent leur projection dans la vie même.

  15. Jeans criteria and stars formation in the Omnes matter-anti-matter supermassive star model; Critere de Jeans et formation d'etoiles dans le modele d'etoile supermassive matiere-antimatiere d'Omnes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montmerle, Thierry

    1971-10-08

    This research thesis reports the study of the formation of stars in a quasar nucleus by using the Jeans criterion, and by adopting a model made of a super-massive star comprising an anti-matter nucleus surrounded by a matter envelope. After an overview of different observation results, and a presentation of different existing quasar models, the author details the Omnes model and its related problems. He reports the study of opacities to thermal photons (scattering and continuous absorption), and to γ radiation (absorption mechanism, creation of pairs in the interaction between γ rays and medium or between photons). The study of γ radiation transfer in a completely ionised gas is then reported (transfer equations, transfer equation coupling, heating of the semi-infinite medium, application to the nucleus with a plane approximation). Sound speed is then studied without γ (physical conditions, adiabatic case, non relativistic case, relativistic case), and in presence of γ. In the last chapter, the author discusses the application of the Jeans instability criterion to a medium governed by radiation. Results are discussed as well as consequences for the Omes model and for multiple-star models [French] Nous nous proposons d'etudier la formation d'etoiles dans le noyau d'un quasar au moyen du critere de Jeans. Nous adoptons un modele constitue d'une etoile supermassive (M> 10{sup 5} Mo) comprenant un noyau d'antimatiere entoure d'une enveloppe de matiere ('modele d'Omnes'). Apres avoir fait un bref tour d'horizon des divers resultats d'observation obtenus a ce jour et expose les differents modeles de quasar actuellement proposes (chapitre 1), nous decrirons en detail le modele d'Omnes. Nous exposerons un certain nombre de problemes qui lui sont lies, et nous donnerons la motivation du present travail (chapitre 2). Examinant plus particulierement l'opacite du milieu aux photons thermiques et aux photons γ (issus de l'annihilation matiere-antimatiere, nous etablirons

  16. Reference Gene Selection in the Desert Plant <em>Eremosparton songoricuem>m>

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dao-Yuan Zhang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available <em>Eremosparton songoricum em>(Litv. Vass. (<em>E. songoricumem> is a rare and extremely drought-tolerant desert plant that holds promise as a model organism for the identification of genes associated with water deficit stress. Here, we cloned and evaluated the expression of eight candidate reference genes using quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reactions. The expression of these candidate reference genes was analyzed in a diverse set of 20 samples including various <em>E. songoricumem> plant tissues exposed to multiple environmental stresses. GeNorm analysis indicated that expression stability varied between the reference genes in the different experimental conditions, but the two most stable reference genes were sufficient for normalization in most conditions.<em> EsEFem> and <em>Esα-TUB> were sufficient for various stress conditions, <em>EsEF> and <em>EsACT> were suitable for samples of differing germination stages, and <em>EsGAPDH>and <em>Es>UBQ em>were most stable across multiple adult tissue samples. The <em>Es18Sem> gene was unsuitable as a reference gene in our analysis. In addition, the expression level of the drought-stress related transcription factor <em>EsDREB2em>> em>verified the utility of<em> E. songoricumem> reference genes and indicated that no single gene was adequate for normalization on its own. This is the first systematic report on the selection of reference genes in <em>E. songoricumem>, and these data will facilitate future work on gene expression in this species.

  17. Jean Langlais (1907-91): an historical case of a blind organist with stroke-induced aphasia and Braille alexia but without amusia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, C A H; Larner, A J

    2008-11-01

    The subject of a prior report of a blind organist with aphasia and Braille alexia without amusia, published in French, has been identified as Jean Langlais. His artistic and medical history is presented, the latter via translation of the original 1987 paper.

  18. NOMENCLATURAL NOTES ON THE EURYTOMIDS (CHALCIDOIDEA: EURYTOMIDAE) DESCRIBED BY JEAN BRÈTHES HOUSED IN MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES “BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nine species parasitic eurytomid wasps described by Jean Brèthes and deposited in the National Insect Collection of Argentina, Buenos Aires are treated and their nomenclature stabilized. The condition of the type material is described. Lectotypes are designated for Prodecatoma parodii, Eudecatoma o...

  19. The Matrix Regained: Reflections on the Use of the Grid in the Architectural Theories of Nicolaus Goldmann and Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goudeau, J.J.W.

    2015-01-01

    In addition to the superficial visual similarities between the architectural theories of the Silesian-born, seventeenth-century Dutch mathematician Nicolaus Goldmann and the early nineteenth-century French architect Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand, there is a more profound interconnection: their use of

  20. El mito de Orestes en Les mouches de Jean-Paul Sartre y El pan de todos de Alfonso Sastre: La necesidad de la acción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Rovecchio Antón L.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available ENIn Les mouches and El pan de todos, Jean-Paul Sartre and Alfonso Sastre speak about the mythological figure of Orestes to reveal the problems of their society. In this article I will focus on the analysis of these two plays and, more specifically, the question of the necessity of the action, which is closely linked with human freedom. A freedom based on choosing a way that leads to direct action or passivity. A choice that, in turn, becomes the essence of human being.Keywords: Jean-Paul Sartre, Alfonso Sastre, Orestes, freedom, action.  ESEn Les mouches y El pan de todos, Jean-Paul Sartre y Alfonso Sastre discurren sobre la figura mitológica de Orestes para revelarnos los problemas de la sociedad que les rodea. En este artículo me centraré en el análisis de estas dos piezas teatrales y, más concretamente, en la cuestión de la necesidad de la acción, que está íntimamente ligada con la libertad del hombre. Una libertad que se basa en la elección de un camino que lleva a la actuación directa o a la pasividad. Una elección que, a su vez, se convierte en la esencia del ser humano.Palabras claves: Jean-Paul Sartre, Alfonso Sastre, Orestes, libertad, acción.

  1. Transitory Connections: The Reception and Rejection of Jean Piaget's Psychology in the Nursery School Movement in the 1920s and 1930s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    In 1927, nursery school educator Lucy Sprague Mitchell heralded Jean Piaget's psychology as of "outstanding interest" and wrote in "Progressive Education" that it should be of "immense service" to psychologists, teachers, and parents. In 1929, psychologist Lois Meek praised Piaget's research in the National Society for the Study of Education's…

  2. Rytíř Jean de Carro, Karel A. Vinařický a jejich latinská korespondence z let 1829-1843

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    span class="emphasis">Podavka, Ondřejspan>

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 134, 1-2 (2011), s. 95-119 ISSN 0024-4457 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : reception of Antiquity * correspondence * intellectual contacts * Karel A. Vinařický * Jean de Carro Subject RIV: AB - History

  3. Élisée RECLUS. Géographe, anarchiste, écologiste, Jean-Didier VINCENT, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Marre

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Lire la biographie d'un géographe écrite par un non géographe est un grand plaisir ! Jean-Didier VINCENT, comme Élisée RECLUS, est natif, de Sainte-Foy-la-Grande. C'est peut être la raison pour laquelle il s'est lancé dans cette biographie hommage qui, comme il l'écrit lui-même en fin de son ouvrage est "une histoire d'amour". On citera les dernières lignes de son livre, qui donnent tout l'objectif de cet ouvrage : "J'ai voulu écrire une histoire d'amour. L'œuvre d'Élisée RECLUS a suscité bie...

  4. The road to universal logic festschrift for 50th birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau

    CERN Document Server

    Buchsbaum, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    This is the first volume of a collection of papers in honor of the fiftieth birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau. These 25 papers have been written by internationally distinguished logicians, mathematicians, computer scientists, linguists and philosophers, including Arnon Avron, John Corcoran, Wilfrid Hodges, Laurence Horn, Lloyd Humbertsone, Dale Jacquette, David Makinson, Stephen Read, and Jan Woleński. It is a state-of-the-art source of cutting-edge studies in the new interdisciplinary field of universal logic. The papers touch upon a wide range of topics including combination of logic, non-classical logic, square and other geometrical figures of opposition, categorical logic, set theory, foundation of logic, philosophy and history of logic (Aristotle, Avicenna, Buridan, Schröder, MacColl). This book offers new perspectives and challenges in the study of logic and will be of interest to all students and researchers interested the nature and future of logic.

  5. ‘Domestic utility and useful lines: Jean-Charles Krafft’s and Thomas Hope’s outlines’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis H. Cohen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Through a study of design publications by the architect and draughtsman, Jean-Charles Krafft (1764-1833, and aristocrat and designer Thomas Hope (1769-1831, this paper examines how Neoclassicism’s material products – its architecture and objects of interior design – participated in an intellectual history of utility c. 1800. This paper gives special attention to the outline drawing, arguing that its graphic idiom is an integral feature of Krafft and Hope’s work, linking the value they ascribe to useful buildings and objects to ideas about how the lines of their illustrations were to participate both in design processes and in the promotion of neoclassical aesthetics.

  6. Jean-Léon Gérôme and Stanisław Chlebowski: The Story of a Friendship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wójcik, Agata

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to present the story of the relationship between Jean-Léon Gérôme and Stanisław Chlebowski. The reconstruction of their friendship is partly based on yet unpublished source materials on the life and work of Chlebowski. The artists met in the early 1860s. Their acquaintance became closer in 1875 when Gérôme stayed in Istanbul at Chlebowski's house. When Chlebowski moved to France, Gérôme introduced him to the French artistic circles, offered him advice and suggested themes for his work. Their relationship was interrupted by Chlebowski's disease and his return to Poland. The last note of this friendship was the short story by Léontine de Nittis, published in 1892.

  7. Le paysage atlantique dans Lettres à ma fille de Jean Désy. Entre projection et plongée

    OpenAIRE

    Myriam Marcil-Bergeron

    2015-01-01

    L’écrivain-voyageur Jean Désy raconte dans Lettres à ma fille (1997) sa première navigation hauturière, qui consiste en une traversée de l’océan Atlantique à la voile. Deux pôles orientent la représentation du grand large dans ce récit, soit la projection du voyageur vers le dehors et la plongée dans ses souvenirs des paysages nordiques et sylvestres. Par une approche géopoétique, cet article vise à examiner les effets du rythme et de la polysensorialité ainsi que la manière dont l’expérience...

  8. Jean-Baptiste Comby (dir.), Enquêter sur l’internationalisation des biens médiatiques et culturels

    OpenAIRE

    Mouchard, Laure

    2018-01-01

    Issu de réflexions menées lors d’un séminaire du Centre d’analyse et de recherche interdisciplinaire sur les médias consacré à l’internationalisation des médias, l’ouvrage dirigé et introduit par Jean-Baptiste Comby prend le parti de « sociologiser » l’étude des phénomènes d’internationalisation des biens médiatiques et culturels, thème que l’auteur estime davantage investi par les historiens, les économistes, les politistes et les sémiologues. En faisant retour sur l’histoire des études de l...

  9. Antoine-Marie Chambeyron (1797-1851): a forgotten disciple of Jean-Etienne Esquirol (1772-1840).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walusinski, Olivier

    2017-09-01

    Antoine-Marie Chambeyron (1797-1851) was a disciple of Jean-Etienne Esquirol (1772-1840) that history forgot, undoubtedly because he made no original contribution to psychiatric nosography. In 1827, his interest in the medical-legal status of the insane led him to translate into French and annotate the first medical-legal psychiatric treatise ever published, which was the work of the German philosopher Johann Christoph Hoffbauer (1766-1827). His translation played a role in shaping the French Law of 1838, the first piece of modern legislation aimed at protecting the rights of mental patients and limiting the State's power to confine them arbitrarily. Chambeyron is among the least-cited contributors to the prestigious work of nineteenth-century French alienists.

  10. Naked, Deformed, Violated Body. A Montage in the Histoire(s du cinema of Jean-Luc Godard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Brodesco

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses Histoire(s du cinéma (1988-1998, a cinematic essay by Jean-Luc Godard, and in particular it focuses on the controversial montage in which the French director aligns extracts from a pornographic film, Tod Browning’s Freaks, and footage from the concentration camps. With this sequence Godard inquires his own theory of montage: the idea of a productive reconciliation between opposing realities. This shocking sequence (the violence of images is compared to a similar shock (the violence of asking to witness produced by a scene of the documentary Shoah by Claude Lanzmann. The trauma of Godard’s editing choice induces the viewer to examine the issues of the degradation of the indexical status of the film, the limits of representation and the ethics of the gaze.

  11. Jean Caune, La démocratisation culturelle, une médiation à bout de souffle

    OpenAIRE

    Clerc, Adeline

    2012-01-01

    Les travaux de Jean Caune, professeur émérite à l’université Stendhal de Grenoble, portent sur les pratiques esthétiques envisagées comme processus de médiation culturelle. Dans La démocratisation culturelle, une médiation à bout de souffle, il revient sur des notions et expressions trop souvent flottantes telles que « art », « culture », « démocratie culturelle », « action culturelle » et « médiation culturelle », et les met à rude épreuve en réinterrogeant leur signification à travers les é...

  12. Jean-Philippe Costes, Les subversifs hollywoodiens. L’esprit critique du cinéma grand public

    OpenAIRE

    Dubois, François-Ronan

    2015-01-01

    À l’idée largement répandue que le cinéma grand public produit dans les studios d’Hollywood représente une machine de propagande étasunienne ou, à tout le moins, capitaliste, Jean-Philippe Costes entend opposer une lecture à contre-courant d’un corpus cinématographique fait de grands classiques et de grands oubliés. Hollywood, à ses yeux, ne saurait se réduire au véhicule médiatique d’une idéologie uniforme et oppressive qui serait, au gré des analyses, celle du capital, du patriotisme améric...

  13. The Oldham Notebooks: an analysis of the development of IVF 1969–1978. V. The role of Jean Purdy reassessed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin H. Johnson

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The role of Jean Purdy in the work leading to the birth of Louise Brown is assessed. We report that Purdy: (i recorded and organized most of the data systematically; (ii probably spent longer working in Oldham than did Edwards; (iii whilst there, was primarily responsible for organizing laboratory supplies, including media preparation and testing; (iv was involved in patient care; and (v was a major source of support to Edwards. We find that Purdy, despite her nursing qualification, was not involved in laparoscopic egg retrieval and clinical aspects, but was focused on basic research activities. The evidence on who was present at embryo transfers is less clear, but suggests that Edwards was present for all, whereas Purdy may have been absent for some. Overall, we conclude that Purdy’s role was a highly significant and under-appreciated element in the achievement of IVF in Oldham.

  14. The Car of Tomorrow: fuel and electricity. Report of the mission presided by Jean Syrota

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirtzman, Philippe; Bryden, Alan; Syrota, Jean; Auverlot, Dominique; Beeker, Etienne; Buba, Johanne; Le Moign, Caroline; Hossie, Gaelle; Chriqui, Vincent; Mourier, Pierre-Francois; Broca, Olivier de; Mahoudiaux, Christine; Von Pechmann, Felix

    2011-01-01

    The automotive system as it is built over the twentieth century is no longer sustainable. The depletion of oil resources, the necessary reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases, congestion of our cities, while the incentive to rethink, especially as the global car fleet continues to expand, fueled by strong growth emerging countries. One approach is to review the use we make of the car, developing car sharing and car sharing, promoting wherever possible public transport or cycling. These 'new mobility' were the subject of a recent report by the Center for Strategic Analysis. A second approach would impose a more radical break: the abandonment of the engine, big oil consumer, the benefit of the electric motor. The working group chaired by Jean Syrota mission was to study the probabilities of such a revolution, while most auto-makers are engaged in a race for innovation in this field. Obstacles abound. There is firstly the price, models of electric vehicles is still relatively expensive compared to their thermal equivalents. Above all, autonomy is their Achilles heel in particular with the constraint of frequent recharging. Currently, there is no battery on the market both cheap, reliable technically, with considerable autonomy and a long life. Laboratories actively working and a number of tracks seem promising futures, including lithium-air batteries. The use of electric vehicles could well grow gradually, first in niche markets - corporate fleets, transit vehicles or postal services, for example - and more broadly, as and that innovations technology allow. These vehicles will have the great merit of helping to reduce pollution in our cities. Of course, as the report points out, we cannot really describe them as 'zero emission'. An electric car does not pollute when driven, but the overall environmental balance must take into account the production of electricity consumed (as well as used for the manufacture of the battery) and therefore

  15. A propósito de “L’initiation à la traduction économique” de Jean Delisle (1988

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Magdalena Vila Barbosa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2013v1n31p205 A partir de la publicación de L’analyse du discours comme méthode de traduction de Jean Delisle (1980 se empieza a aplicar a la enseñanza de la traducción el concepto de objetivos didácticos y se comienzan a elaborar de programaciones detalladas para el aula de traducción. Esta obra del autor canadiense es referencia ineludible en todas las  investigaciones en el campo de la didáctica de la traducción. Ocho años más tarde, Delisle publicaba en Meta su propuesta metodológica para la enseñanza de la traducción de textos económicos. A partir de su propia experiencia como docente y como traductor en activo, Delisle propone un método articulado en cinco objetivos que facilitan el aprendizaje y la asimilación de los conocimientos teóricos y prácticos necesarios para enfrentarse a la traducción de textos de naturaleza esencialmente económica. Una de las aportaciones más importantes en la enseñanza de la traducción ha sido las propuestas de organización de la enseñanza mediante el diseño de objetivos de aprendizaje y la búsqueda de una metodología didáctica activa (Hurtado: 1999. En este sentido, Jean Delisle abrió un camino en el que se sentaron los cimientos de la didáctica de la traducción a comienzos del siglo XXI.

  16. A teoria de Jean Piaget como princípio para o desenvolvimento das inovações = The theory of Jean Piaget as a principle for the development of innovations = La teoría de Jean Piaget como principio para el desarrollo de innovaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borges, Karen Selbach

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, buscou-se mostrar que a teoria de Jean Piaget explica os mecanismos cognitivos utilizados pelos inventores nas suas criações. Sabendo-se que o processo de criação é diferente para cada pessoa, procurou-se, através de uma metáfora, o "ciclone da criação", representar as etapas desse processo. Por fim, desejou-se promover uma reflexão sobre a seguinte questão: sabendo-se que os mecanismos descritos por Piaget são efetivos para a produção de invenções e que estas são importantes para as inovações que impulsionam o avanço da humanidade, como promover, de forma adequada, o desenvolvimento desses mecanismos para que os jovens de hoje sejam os inovadores de amanhã?

  17. Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Luminescent Property of Cd (II Complex with <em>N-Benzenesulphonyl-L>-leucine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xishi Tai

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A new trinuclear Cd (II complex [Cd3(L6(2,2-bipyridine3] [L =<em> Nem>-phenylsulfonyl-L>-leucinato] has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis. The results show that the complex belongs to the orthorhombic, space group<em> Pem>212121 with<em> aem> = 16.877(3 Å, <em>b> em>= 22.875(5 Å, <em>c em>= 29.495(6 Å, <em>α> em>= <emem>= <emem>= 90°, <em>V> em>= 11387(4 Å3, <em>Z> em>= 4, <em>Dc>= 1.416 μg·m−3, <emem>= 0.737 mm−1, <em>F> em>(000 = 4992, and final <em>R>1 = 0.0390, <em>ωR>2 = 0.0989. The complex comprises two seven-coordinated Cd (II atoms, with a N2O5 distorted pengonal bipyramidal coordination environment and a six-coordinated Cd (II atom, with a N2O4 distorted octahedral coordination environment. The molecules form one dimensional chain structure by the interaction of bridged carboxylato groups, hydrogen bonds and p-p interaction of 2,2-bipyridine. The luminescent properties of the Cd (II complex and <em>N-Benzenesulphonyl-L>-leucine in solid and in CH3OH solution also have been investigated.

  18. National debate on the energies: Report of the Senior citizens Committee, report of M. Jean Besson. Our electric system proof against the heat wave. The italian electric network failure; Debat national sur les energies: les suites rapport du comite des Sages, rapport de M. Jean Besson. Notre systeme electrique a l'epreuve de la canicule. La panne du reseau electrique italien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillon, P.; Lesggy, M.; Morin, E.; Besson, J.; Mattatia, St.; Barthe, F.; Bouley, N.; Kahan, J.M. [Direction de la Demande et des Marches Energetiques (DIDEME), 75 - Paris (France)

    2003-07-01

    To preserve the impartiality and the serenity of the discussions, the National Debate on the Energies based on three channels: a Senior Citizens, a consultative Committee and the Parliamentarian Jean Besson. This document published extracts of the reports of the Senior Citizens Committee and Jean Besson. It also provides an analysis of the consequences on the electric power supply during the 2003 summer heat wave in France and the great failure of the italian electric power network during the 28 september 2003. (A.L.B.)

  19. La Sentence de Jean Genet : expérience du journal, journal de l’expérience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Liano

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Publié récemment La Sentence de Jean Genet est pour de multiples raisons un texte de transition : il marque non seulement la transition littéraire entre le théâtre genétien et Un captif amoureux, ou la transition politique entre le Black Panther Party et les Palestiniens, mais il marque plus significativement la transition entre une période d'écriture journalistique et le retour à la fiction. Nous utiliserons les liens alors récents entre Genet et la presse pour lire La Sentence comme un texte porteur de la marque d'un refus : le refus d'un choix clair entre écriture littéraire et écriture journalistique. A l'aide d'une étude de la mise en page du texte autant que de son contenu, nous montrerons que l'intégration de la presse dans l'écriture littéraire, loin de marquer la dégradation du style genétien, permet une revitalisation proprement créative de ce dernier. The recently published La Sentence by Jean Genet is in many ways a transitory text: indeed, it represents a literary transition from his theatre to Un captif amoureux; a political transition from the Black Panther Party to the Palestinians; and more importantly a transition from a period in which the author mainly practiced journalism to a return to fiction. Using the recently established link between Genet and the newspapers as a key element to analyse La Sentence, we will argue that the undefined status of this text is due to the writer’s refusal of a clear choice between the two types of writings he has been performing. Drawing on the implications of this choice, through a study both of the content and of the page layout chosen by Genet, we will detect how bringing press models into literary writing should be perceived not as a degradation of Genet’s style, but as a highly creative way to refresh it.

  20. Adding a hydroelectric power station to the public water supply of St-Jean; Projet de construction d'une centrale hydraulique sur le reservoir principal de la commune de St-Jean. Etude d'avant projet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perruchoud, A. [Sierre Energie SA, Sierre (Switzerland); Denis, V. [MHyLab, Montcherand (Switzerland)

    2005-07-01

    Drinking water for the community of St-Jean, southwestern Switzerland is collected at three different locations with altitudes of 2004, 1998 and 1958 m respectively, and is fed into a common chamber at 1933 m. The project foresees the construction of an intermediate reservoir at the elevation of 1460 m, the total hydraulic head of 473 m being used to drive a Pelton turbine of 110 kW nominal power. The useful net height difference after deduction of the pressure drop in the piping is 373 meters at a typical water flow rate of 0.034 m{sup 3}/s. At this flow rate the turbine efficiency is estimated to 0.89. The asynchronous generator rotates at 1500 rpm and has a nominal electric power output of 125 kW. The estimated annual production amounts to 450,000 kWh and the investment costs to 449,000 Swiss francs. Depending on the time of amortization assumed (20 to 40 years), the production cost is estimated to 0.0615 to 0.0845 Swiss francs/kWh, a value considered favorable for the realization of the project.

  1. More than just a conference : the European Particule Accelerator Conference, EPAC, has developped a distinctive role on the world stage, explains Christine Petit-Jean-Genaz, the EPAC conferences coordinator

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    More than just a conference : the European Particule Accelerator Conference, EPAC, has developped a distinctive role on the world stage, explains Christine Petit-Jean-Genaz, the EPAC conferences coordinator

  2. Temperature, salinity, nutrients, oxygen, chlorophyll and other measurements found in dataset SISMER taken from the VAUBAN, JEAN CHARCOT (FNOY) and other platforms in the South Pacific, Coastal North Atlantic and other locations from 1983 to 2007 (NODC Accession 0046621)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature, salinity, nutrients, oxygen, chlorophyll and other measurements found in CTD and OSD datasets taken from the VAUBAN, JEAN CHARCOT (FNOY) and other...

  3. Lühike panegüürika Lauri Leesist : temale pühendatud näituse avamise puhul Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus 18. jaanuaril 2002 / Jean-Jacques Subrenat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Subrenat, Jean-Jacques

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse suursaadiku Eestis Jean-Jacques Subrenat sõnavõtt Rahvusraamatukogu humanitaarteaduste saalis ja Prantsuse saali galeriis näituse "Lauri Leesi kui prantsuse kultuuri ja keele vahendaja Eestis" avamise puhul

  4. Filosofía del cuerpo de Jean-Luc Nancy y Bioética de la trasplantología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Quesada Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta un análisis ético de la donación y trasplante de órganos a partir de la filosofía del cuerpo de Jean-Luc Nancy comprendida como ontología narrativa, considerando la noción antropológica que subyace en la historia de la trasplantología.

  5. When the Jeans Do Not Fit: How Stellar Feedback Drives Stellar Kinematics and Complicates Dynamical Modeling in Low-mass Galaxies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    El-Badry, Kareem; Quataert, Eliot; Wetzel, Andrew R.; Hopkins, Philip F.; Geha, Marla; Kereš, Dusan; Chan, T. K.; Faucher-Giguère, Claude-André

    2017-01-01

    In low-mass galaxies, stellar feedback can drive gas outflows that generate non-equilibrium fluctuations in the gravitational potential. Using cosmological zoom-in baryonic simulations from the Feedback in Realistic Environments project, we investigate how these fluctuations affect stellar kinematics and the reliability of Jeans dynamical modeling in low-mass galaxies. We find that stellar velocity dispersion and anisotropy profiles fluctuate significantly over the course of galaxies’ starburst cycles. We therefore predict an observable correlation between star formation rate and stellar kinematics: dwarf galaxies with higher recent star formation rates should have systemically higher stellar velocity dispersions. This prediction provides an observational test of the role of stellar feedback in regulating both stellar and dark-matter densities in dwarf galaxies. We find that Jeans modeling, which treats galaxies as virialized systems in dynamical equilibrium, overestimates a galaxy’s dynamical mass during periods of post-starburst gas outflow and underestimates it during periods of net inflow. Short-timescale potential fluctuations lead to typical errors of ∼20% in dynamical mass estimates, even if full three-dimensional stellar kinematics—including the orbital anisotropy—are known exactly. When orbital anisotropy is not known a priori, typical mass errors arising from non-equilibrium fluctuations in the potential are larger than those arising from the mass-anisotropy degeneracy. However, Jeans modeling alone cannot reliably constrain the orbital anisotropy, and problematically, it often favors anisotropy models that do not reflect the true profile. If galaxies completely lose their gas and cease forming stars, fluctuations in the potential subside, and Jeans modeling becomes much more reliable.

  6. When the Jeans Do Not Fit: How Stellar Feedback Drives Stellar Kinematics and Complicates Dynamical Modeling in Low-mass Galaxies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    El-Badry, Kareem; Quataert, Eliot [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Wetzel, Andrew R.; Hopkins, Philip F. [TAPIR, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States); Geha, Marla [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT (United States); Kereš, Dusan; Chan, T. K. [Department of Physics, Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla (United States); Faucher-Giguère, Claude-André, E-mail: kelbadry@berkeley.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy and CIERA, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL (United States)

    2017-02-01

    In low-mass galaxies, stellar feedback can drive gas outflows that generate non-equilibrium fluctuations in the gravitational potential. Using cosmological zoom-in baryonic simulations from the Feedback in Realistic Environments project, we investigate how these fluctuations affect stellar kinematics and the reliability of Jeans dynamical modeling in low-mass galaxies. We find that stellar velocity dispersion and anisotropy profiles fluctuate significantly over the course of galaxies’ starburst cycles. We therefore predict an observable correlation between star formation rate and stellar kinematics: dwarf galaxies with higher recent star formation rates should have systemically higher stellar velocity dispersions. This prediction provides an observational test of the role of stellar feedback in regulating both stellar and dark-matter densities in dwarf galaxies. We find that Jeans modeling, which treats galaxies as virialized systems in dynamical equilibrium, overestimates a galaxy’s dynamical mass during periods of post-starburst gas outflow and underestimates it during periods of net inflow. Short-timescale potential fluctuations lead to typical errors of ∼20% in dynamical mass estimates, even if full three-dimensional stellar kinematics—including the orbital anisotropy—are known exactly. When orbital anisotropy is not known a priori, typical mass errors arising from non-equilibrium fluctuations in the potential are larger than those arising from the mass-anisotropy degeneracy. However, Jeans modeling alone cannot reliably constrain the orbital anisotropy, and problematically, it often favors anisotropy models that do not reflect the true profile. If galaxies completely lose their gas and cease forming stars, fluctuations in the potential subside, and Jeans modeling becomes much more reliable.

  7. ¿Resistencia intelectual y apoyo pasivo de Vichy? Reflexiones sobre una paradoja en el itinerario de Jean-Paul Sartre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Galster

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La actitud de Jean-Paul Sartre durante la Ocupación alemana sigue siendo la materia de muchos debates nutridos por clichés. Mientras que sus detractores en los medios (como últimamente Michel Onfray pintan la imagen de un arribista que se hizo aplaudir en el teatro por oficiales nazis y periodistas colaboracionistas, sus hagiógrafos defienden a un resistente sin mancha. El presente estudio corrige estas representaciones esquemáticas para proponer, fundamentado en documentos, un retrato complejo. Tiene en cuenta tanto la mala reputación que tuvo Sartre con razón en el  campo de la ideología dominante como el hecho de que escribió su literatura de resistencia ocupando el puesto de un colega judío excluído de la Educación Nacional por el regimen antisemita de Vichy.Palabras clave: Jean-Paul Sartre, Ocupación alemana, Vichy, Resistencia, legislación antisemita______________________Abstract:Jean-Paul Sartre’s attitude during the German Occupation of France is still the matter of numerous discussions full of stereotypes. Whereas his detractors in the French media (currently for instance Michel Onfray paint the image of an arriviste who accepted to be applauded, on stage, by nazi officers and collaborating journalists, his hagiographers defend a resister without stain. The present study’s aim is to correct these schematic representations; it proposes a complex portrait based on documents. It takes into account the bad reputation Sartre enjoyed with complete justification in the area of dominant ideology as well as the economic basis on which he wrote his literature of resistance: the position inherited from a Jewish colleage excluded from the National Education by the anti-Semitic Vichy regime.Keywords: Jean-Paul Sartre, German Occupation, Vichy, Resistance, anti-Semitic laws

  8. Notre-Dame des Fleurs et Miracle de la rose, de Jean Genet. L’écriture mise au secret

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    Pascaline Hamon

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Notre-Dame des Fleurs et Miracle de la Rose sont les deux romans que Jean Genet a composés durant des périodes d’incarcération. La fiction se veut alors non seulement un remède à la solitude carcérale et à la marginalisation de son auteur, mais également un lieu de dévoilement des pratiques d’écriture propres à l’univers carcéral. Le roman tout entier se trouve dès lors habité d’une tension entre la liberté créatrice, qui fait la part belle aux provocations de l’auteur et à l’expression de ses fantasmes et un enfermement contraignant, qui pèse comme une menace sur la possibilité d’écrire.Our Lady of the Flowers and Miracle of the Rose were written during Genet’s time of imprisonment. The fictional narrative operates not only as a remedy to the experience of solitude and marginalization, but also brings the practice of prison writings into focus. The novels are haunted by a tension between a creative freedom which can launch provocations and phantasms, and the constraint of imprisonment, which threatens the very possibility of writing.

  9. Specchiarsi nello schermo. Specchio e cinema come "metafore identitarie" ne La glace à trois faces di Jean Epstein

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    Livio Lepratto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study – starting from the analysis of La glace à trois faces (A three-sided mirror, 1927 by Jean Epstein and from several theoretical writings of the same filmmaker – aims to investigate the original function that the French author recognized the camera: not at all a simple mirror of the real, but biased witness. In the film examined Epstein‟s camera rises to the observer, in the same way as it is each fictional story told, highlighting some of the essential issues of modernity: the identity based not on a membership but on a complex game of inter-individual relations and reciprocal, the uncertainty of the gaze and the reality that does not want nor can offer a definitive interpretation. Inevitable so the calls to Pirandello, first, and his conception of character on top of the person. The reflections made by Epstein will be recovered and developed by sociologists and philosophers like Erving Goffman and Christian Metz, who, on the basis of lacaniane theories, proposes in psychoanalytic key the relationship between cinema and the mirror.

  10. Of two lives one? Jean-Charles-Marguerite-Guillaume Grimaud and the question of holism in vitalist medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Elizabeth A

    2008-12-01

    Montpellier vitalists upheld a medical perspective akin to modern "holism" in positing the functional unity of creatures imbued with life. While early vitalists focused on the human organism, Jean-Charles-Marguerite-Guillaume Grimaud investigated digestion, growth, and other physiological processes that human beings shared with simpler organisms. Eschewing modern investigative methods, Grimaud promoted a medically-grounded "metaphysics." His influential doctrine of the "two lives" broke with Montpellier holism, classifying some vital phenomena as "higher" and others as "lower" and attributing the "nobility" of the human species to the predominance of the former. In place of Montpellier teaching that attributed health to the holistic equilibration of vital activities, Grimaud embraced spiritualist dualisms of soul and body, Creator and created. Celebrating the divinely-ordained "wisdom" evident in involuntary physiological processes, he argued that such life functions were incomprehensible to human investigators. While Grimaud's work encouraged inquiry into the division between the central and "vegetative" nervous systems that became paradigmatic in nineteenth-century neuroscience, it also opened Montpellier vitalism to charges of conservatism and obscurantism that are still lodged against it to the present day.

  11. Jean-Martin Charcot and art: relationship of the "founder of neurology" with various aspects of art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogousslavsky, Julien; Boller, François

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), the "father of neurology" in France and much beyond, was also the man who established academic psychiatry in Paris, differentiating it from clinical alienism. In his teaching, he used artistic representations from previous centuries to illustrate the historical developments of hysteria, mainly with the help of his pupil Paul Richer. Charcot liked to draw portraits (in particular, sketches of colleagues during boring faculty meetings and students' examinations), caricatures of himself and others, church sculptures, landscapes, soldiers, etc. He also used this skill in his clinical and scientific work; he drew histological or anatomic specimens, as well as patients' features and demeanor. His most daring artistic experiments were drawing under the influence of hashish. Charcot's tastes in art were conservative; he displayed no affinity for the avant-gardes of his time, including impressionism, or for contemporary musicians, such as César Franck or Hector Berlioz. Léon Daudet, son of Charcot's former friend and famous writer Alphonse Daudet, described Charcot's home as a pseudo-gothic kitsch accumulation of heteroclite pieces of furniture and materials. However, as Henry Meige wrote a few years after his mentor's death, Charcot the artist remains "inseparable from Charcot the physician." © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Laws of Contamination and Blend. Don DeLillo and Jean-luc Godard: an Illuminating Challenge

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    Mariangela Bio

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim The present paper aims at highlithing the new dynamics of comparison and exchange between literature and arts. It assumes the idea of a literature centred on the relations between text and context, bent on exhalting its "social" disposition. Then it deals with the subject of the work's originality in terms of identitary pact constantly renegotiated with works belonging to other semiologic themes. In this perspective, this article briefly investigates the complex relation between Don De Lillo's and Jean-Luc Godard's works. Methodology The analytic approach moves between comparative literature and cultural criticism, in a very well-known field in the area of traditional literary studies and a very important sector in the structuration of contemporary imaginary: the relation between literature and cinema. The methodology adopted employs the comparative dynamics typical of text semiotcs, to underline exchange categories, among different languages and codes, which prove to be flowing, open and constantly changing. Results The article highlights and explores new possibilities in the relation between cinema and literature, investigating them on the basis of the present observations on the notion of text; it also explains the urgency of a semantic reassessment of the concept of "work's originality" in the contemporary semiosphere.

  13. The Impressionist Effect in Jean Epstein’s Film Discourse: ‘The Fall of the House of Usher’

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    Rafael Gómez Alonso

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to demonstrate how there is a parallelism between the figurative qualities of pictorial impressionism and the avant-garde aesthetics that Jean Epstein sets in his film The Fall of the House of Usher. In turn, it is a question of studying the process of adaptation of the literary universe of Edgar Allan Poe protected in the style of Gothic romanticism, with special emphasis on visual references. For this, it is a question of investigating how descriptive appreciations are conceived that concern an avant-garde visual representation. The methodology used for the analysis is based on using the aesthetic variables that allow to support how a model of different visual representation is created. Through the analysis of the images it is possible to study the traits that characterize the ascription to the Impressionist movement and the style that defines the author brand. To this end, it is intended to describe how a suitable targeting is recreated in the staging, in which different types of environments are recreated.

  14. Unsupervised classification of lidar-based vegetation structure metrics at Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kranenburg, Christine J.; Palaseanu-Lovejoy, Monica; Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John; Woodman, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Traditional vegetation maps capture the horizontal distribution of various vegetation properties, for example, type, species and age/senescence, across a landscape. Ecologists have long known, however, that many important forest properties, for example, interior microclimate, carbon capacity, biomass and habitat suitability, are also dependent on the vertical arrangement of branches and leaves within tree canopies. The objective of this study was to use a digital elevation model (DEM) along with tree canopy-structure metrics derived from a lidar survey conducted using the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL) to capture a three-dimensional view of vegetation communities in the Barataria Preserve unit of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana. The EAARL instrument is a raster-scanning, full waveform-resolving, small-footprint, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) lidar system designed to map coastal bathymetry, topography and vegetation structure simultaneously. An unsupervised clustering procedure was then applied to the 3-dimensional-based metrics and DEM to produce a vegetation map based on the vertical structure of the park's vegetation, which includes a flotant marsh, scrub-shrub wetland, bottomland hardwood forest, and baldcypress-tupelo swamp forest. This study was completed in collaboration with the National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring Program's Gulf Coast Network. The methods presented herein are intended to be used as part of a cost-effective monitoring tool to capture change in park resources.

  15. Evolution of the phase-space density and the Jeans scale for dark matter derived from the Vlasov-Einstein equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Piattella, O.F.; Rodrigues, D.C.; Fabris, J.C.; Pacheco, J.A. de Freitas

    2013-01-01

    We discuss solutions of Vlasov-Einstein equation for collisionless dark matter particles in the context of a flat Friedmann universe. We show that, after decoupling from the primordial plasma, the dark matter phase-space density indicator Q = ρ/(σ 1D 2 ) 3/2 remains constant during the expansion of the universe, prior to structure formation. This well known result is valid for non-relativistic particles and is not ''observer dependent'' as in solutions derived from the Vlasov-Poisson system. In the linear regime, the inclusion of velocity dispersion effects permits to define a physical Jeans length for collisionless matter as function of the primordial phase-space density indicator: λ J = (5π/G) 1/2 Q −1/3 ρ dm −1/6 . The comoving Jeans wavenumber at matter-radiation equality is smaller by a factor of 2-3 than the comoving wavenumber due to free-streaming, contributing to the cut-off of the density fluctuation power spectrum at the lowest scales. We discuss the physical differences between these two scales. For dark matter particles of mass equal to 200 GeV, the derived Jeans mass is 4.3 × 10 −6 M ⊙

  16. O papel do professor de primeiras letras no manual de pedagogia de Jean Baptiste Daligault: reflexões sobre a formação de virtudes e valores

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    Olivia Rochadel

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo objetiva identificar o papel do professor, refletindo sobre ele, a partir das definições contidas no manual Cours Pratique de Pédagogie, do francês Jean Baptiste Daligault. A obra analisada foi a segunda edição da tradução realizada na província de Santa Catarina. Este manual foi distribuído aos inspetores e aos professores de instrução pública elementar pelo governo provincial, na segunda metade do século XIX. Considerando que esta atitude do governo concebe o manual como uma obra relevante para a formação dos professores da província, e também que Santa Catarina, ainda, conta com poucas pesquisas sobre a educação escolar no século XIX, a compreensão do papel do professor definido por Daligault pode contribuir para ampliar o conhecimento dessa história. Assim, partindo do entendimento de que a educação é resultado de um processo histórico, das relações que os homens mantêm entre si e com a natureza, constata-se que o papel do professor descrito por Daligault é o de formar as futuras gerações dentro dos ideais da sociedade moderna de ordem burguesa, caracterizada como civilizada e coerente com o projeto de Estado nacional brasileiro, em processo de construção naquele momento.

  17. Neonatal Phosphate Nutrition Alters <em>in em>Vivo> and <em>in em>Vitro> Satellite Cell Activity in Pigs

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    Chad H. Stahl

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Satellite cell activity is necessary for postnatal skeletal muscle growth. Severe phosphate (PO4 deficiency can alter satellite cell activity, however the role of neonatal PO4 nutrition on satellite cell biology remains obscure. Twenty-one piglets (1 day of age, 1.8 ± 0.2 kg BW were pair-fed liquid diets that were either PO4 adequate (0.9% total P, supra-adequate (1.2% total P in PO4 requirement or deficient (0.7% total P in PO4 content for 12 days. Body weight was recorded daily and blood samples collected every 6 days. At day 12, pigs were orally dosed with BrdU and 12 h later, satellite cells were isolated. Satellite cells were also cultured <em>in vitroem> for 7 days to determine if PO4 nutrition alters their ability to proceed through their myogenic lineage. Dietary PO4 deficiency resulted in reduced (<em>P> < 0.05 sera PO4 and parathyroid hormone (PTH concentrations, while supra-adequate dietary PO4 improved (<em>P> < 0.05 feed conversion efficiency as compared to the PO4 adequate group. <em>In vivoem> satellite cell proliferation was reduced (<em>P> < 0.05 among the PO4 deficient pigs, and these cells had altered <em>in vitroem> expression of markers of myogenic progression. Further work to better understand early nutritional programming of satellite cells and the potential benefits of emphasizing early PO4 nutrition for future lean growth potential is warranted.

  18. Il limite e l’altrove: il mito di Jean-Paul Belmondo nella Siberia di Andreï Makine The Bound and the Elsewhere: the Myth of Jean-Paul Belmondo in Andreï Makine’s Siberia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Abignente

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The narrative work of Andreï Makine (1957, a French writer of Siberian origin, is situated on the border between two geographical and cultural spaces: on the one hand the wide, wild and snowy Siberia of his childhood; on the other hand France, a mythic place which the main characters, often teenagers, of his novels look at as a model. The contrast between these two worlds is described in a particularly forceful way in one of his early novels, Au temps du fleuve Amour (1994, in which the author tells the overwhelming effect of the screening of a popular French comedy with Jean-Paul Belmondo (Le Magnifique, 1973 in a small Siberian village. Looking closely at the entire sequence which is devoted to the film in the novel, the paper aims to reconstruct the process of mythicizing the Belmondo character by the three young protagonists and to investigate the functions that the episode covers in the novel. Focusing on the different narrative levels that characterize the film plot, we show how the “phenomenon Belmondo” embodies in the novel the idea of a triple border: a geographic one (Europe/Asia, an expressive one (writing/imagine and, above all, an imaginary one (reality/fiction. We also show how this phenomenon refers, in the novel, to one of the central themes of Makine’s work: literary vocation.The narrative work of Andreï Makine (1957, a French writer of Siberian origin, is situated on the border between two geographical and cultural spaces: on the one hand the wide, wild and snowy Siberia of his childhood; on the other hand France, a mythic place which the main characters, often teenagers, of his novels look at as a model. The contrast between these two worlds is described in a particularly forceful way in one of his early novels, Au temps du fleuve Amour (1994, in which the author tells the overwhelming effect of the screening of a popular French comedy with Jean-Paul Belmondo (Le Magnifique, 1973 in a small Siberian village. Looking

  19. Constituents from <em>Vigna em>vexillata> and Their Anti-Inflammatory Activity

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    Guo-Feng Chen

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The seeds of <em>Vigna em>genus are important food resources and there have already been many reports regarding their bioactivities. In our preliminary bioassay, the chloroform layer of methanol extracts of<em> V. vexillata em>demonstrated significant anti-inflammatory bioactivity. Therefore, the present research is aimed to purify and identify the anti-inflammatory principles of <em>V. vexillataem>. One new sterol (1 and two new isoflavones (2,3 were reported from the natural sources for the first time and their chemical structures were determined by the spectroscopic and mass spectrometric analyses. In addition, 37 known compounds were identified by comparison of their physical and spectroscopic data with those reported in the literature. Among the isolates, daidzein (23, abscisic acid (25, and quercetin (40 displayed the most significant inhibition of superoxide anion generation and elastase release.

  20. “Inscrutable Intelligence”: The Case against Plastic Surgery in the Works of Jean Stafford and Sylvia Plath

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    Mercè Cuenca

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Jean Stafford’s short story “The Interior Castle” (1946 and Sylvia Plath’s “Face Lift” and “The Plaster”, written in the early 1960s but published posthumously in Crossing the Water (1971, dwell on a theme which is rarely tackled in Postwar American literature: plastic surgery. Using a markedly mnemonic tone, both authors trace in detail the passive submission of female bodies to male (reconstruction. While the history of women in early Cold War America is usually associated with the patriarchal mystifying of housewifery, the myth of ideal, domestic femininity was also intimately related to bodily beauty. The demand for physical “perfection” which resulted from constructing women as, primarily, objects of male desire was mirrored in popular magazines, such as Ladies’ Home Journal, which endorsed women’s seeking medical aid to model themselves into “ideal” sexual mates (Meyerowitz in Meyerowitz ed., 244. Women’s submission to the notion that they should use any means necessary to become aesthetic objects to be appraised by men was thus represented as desirable. In this paper, I shall trace how both Stafford and Plath adopted a confessional style of writing in the abovementioned pieces in order to denounce the cultural construction of women as passive bodies to be moulded at will, instead of as active, thinking subjects. I shall argue that by reproducing the recollections and thoughts of the women being stitched, sewn and bandaged in their pieces, both authors articulated an alternative protofeminist aesthetics based on the beauty of what Stafford described as “inscrutable intelligence”.

  1. Momentos em freios e em embraiagens

    OpenAIRE

    Mimoso, Rui Miguel Pereira

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Mestre em Mestrado Integrado em Engenharia Mecânica Nesta dissertação reúnem-se os modelos de cálculo utilizados na determinação dos momentos em freios e em embraiagens. Neste trabalho consideram-se os casos de freios e embraiagens de atrito seco e atrito viscoso. Nos freios de atrito viscoso são considerados casos em que as características dos fluidos não são induzidas, e outros em que são induzidas modificações a essas mesmas características. São a...

  2. Dermatoses em renais cronicos em terapia dialitica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alberto Batista Peres

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: As desordens cutâneas e das mucosas são comuns em pacientes em hemodiálise a longo prazo. A diálise prolonga a expectativa de vida, dando tempo para a manifestação destas anormalidades. Os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar a prevalência de problemas dermatológicos em pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC em hemodiálise. Métodos: Cento e quarenta e cinco pacientes com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise foram estudados. Todos os pacientes foram completamente analisados para as alterações cutâneas, de cabelos, mucosas e unhas por um único examinador e foram coletados dados de exames laboratoriais. Os dados foram armazenados em um banco de dados do Microsolft Excel e analisados por estatística descritiva. As variáveis contínuas foram comparadas pelo teste t de Student e as variáveis categóricas utilizando o teste do qui-quadrado ou o teste Exato de Fischer, conforme adequado. Resultados: O estudo incluiu 145 pacientes, com idade média de 53,6 ± 14,7 anos, predominantemente do sexo masculino (64,1% e caucasianos (90,0%. O tempo médio de diálise foi de 43,3 ± 42,3 meses. As principais doenças subjacentes foram: hipertensão arterial em 33,8%, diabetes mellitus em 29,6% e glomerulonefrite crônica em 13,1%. As principais manifestações dermatológicas observadas foram: xerose em 109 (75,2%, equimose em 87 (60,0%, prurido em 78 (53,8% e lentigo em 33 (22,8% pacientes. Conclusão: O nosso estudo mostrou a presença de mais do que uma dermatose por paciente. As alterações cutâneas são frequentes em pacientes em diálise. Mais estudos são necessários para melhor caracterização e manejo destas dermatoses.

  3. DECREASEMENT OF COLOUR AND COD CONTENT OF THE LIQUID WASTE PRODUCT FROM THE JEANS WASHING INDUSTRY BY CHITOSAN AND Trametes versicolor

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    Rumondang Bulan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan and Trametes versicolor were used as the material for processing liquid waste product from the jeans washing industry in this study as they were more economics and no negative damage in the environmental life. This research is to find out the chitosan and Trametes versicolor effect as the coagulant in decreasing the colour and the COD content of the liquid waste product from the jeans washing industry using the coagulation method and floculation. The dosage of chitosan and Trametes versicolor were 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000 mg/L of the liquid waste product whereas the combination of chitosan and Trametes versicolor were 4:1, 3:2, 2:3 and 1:4. The data resulted from the analysis were shown as a graphics. The research results show that the optimum dosage of chitosan as coagulant was 800 mg/L which was able to decrease the colour intensity. For blue colour, the intensity decreased from 1.2 to 0.1%; the yellow colour intensity decreased from 0.9 to 0.0% and the COD 91.23%. The optimum dosage of Trametes versicolor of 600 mg/L was able to decrease the blue colour intensity from 1.2 to 0.11%; the yellow colour intensity from 0.9 to 0.1% and the COD was 91.37%. By using the combinationof chitosan and Trametes versicolor it was shown that the best result was using the 3:2 ratio which was able to decrease the blue colour intensity from 0.9 to 0.1% and the yellow colour intensity from 0.9 to 0.0% and the COD was 86.68%.   Keywords: colour intensity, COD, liquid waste product of the jeans washing, chitosan, Trametes versicolor

  4. A SEPARAÇÃO ENTRE ESFERA PÚBLICA E PRIVADA: UM CONFRONTO ENTRE JOHN LOCKE, JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU E CAROLE PATEMAN

    OpenAIRE

    Cunha de Moura, Samantha Nagle

    2014-01-01

    RESUMO: O presente artigo busca problematizar a separação entre esfera pública e esfera privada, existente no modelo liberal burguês, como um substrato legitimador da imposição de papeis sociais e sexuais diferenciados para homens e mulheres. Para tanto, o trabalho confronta as ideias fundamentais do pensamento de John Locke e de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, teóricos liberais contratualistas do séc. XVII-XVIII, diante da teoria do contrato sexual da teórica feminista Carole Pateman. Palavras-cha...

  5. Jean-Louis Guereña (éd.), La sexualidad en la España contemporánea (1808-1950)

    OpenAIRE

    Heras, Beatriz de las

    2013-01-01

    Interesante compilación de artículos que incluye la edición a cargo de Jean-Louis Guereña y el servicio de publicaciones de la Universidad de Cádiz. Un volumen que, partiendo de la historia social y cultural (el editor señala que «esta historia social de la sexualidad ha de ser al mismo tiempo una historia cultural de la sexualidad»), se acerca a un tema tradicionalmente olvidado por los historiadores españoles, que no por la academia francesa o anglosajona: la sexualidad en los siglos xix y ...

  6. [The market at the heart of the invention of the museum ? : Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun at the Louvre (1792-1802)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guichard, Charlotte

    2011-01-01

    Before Vivant Denon, the dealer Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun played a crucial role in the creation of the Louvre collections, despite the revolutionary discourse which opposed the market to the museum. Lebrun's position as a polemicist is interpreted here as a strategy of self-presentation which made possible the controversial birth of the figure of the museum expert. With Lebrun, the Louvre imposed itself as a public space of artistic expertise, where values imported from the market - such as attributionism, materiality, and authenticity - became prominent in the evaluation of paintings.

  7. Jean DeBernardi, The Way that Lives in the Heart. Chinese Popular Religion and Spirit-Mediums in Penang, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Goossaert, Vincent

    2009-01-01

    Jean DeBernardi a mené ses recherches anthropologiques sur la communauté chinoise de l’île de Penang en Malaisie depuis la fin des années soixante-dix, et en a tiré successivement deux ouvrages. L’un (Rites of Belonging: Memory, Modernity, and Identity in a Malaysian Chinese community. Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2004) trace une histoire de l’organisation religieuse de cette communauté et du rôle de la religion dans la formation des identités ethniques et culturelles dans le contexte...

  8. L’histoire au théâtre ou l’onde sphérique divergente dans l’œuvre de Jean-Luc Lagarce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Vinuesa Muñoz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim is to propose a parallel between a geometric figure and the dramatic work of Jean-Luc Lagarce to elucidate the essence of his writing technique and understanding the proposed dramaturgical challenge. If the comparison between the divergent spherical wave and the author’s playwriting is compelling, it may perhaps serve as a method of textual analysis with yet a method with yet unknown playwrights and see if the circularity can be seen as a contemporary trend. We will observe how a central dramatic event will cause a series of growing dramatic earthquakes interrelated by a complex language and an inter-character specific space.

  9. Mise en perspective de l’article de Jean Duvignaud « L'idéologie, cancer de la conscience »

    OpenAIRE

    Corbeau, Jean-Pierre

    2007-01-01

    Introduction à l’article de Jean Duvignaud « L'idéologie, cancer de la conscience », paru en 1969 dans le volume 46 des Cahiers internationaux de sociologie. Sa thématique concerne, depuis toujours, l'ensemble de la communauté scientifique, au-delà des frontières artificielles ou obsolètes entre sciences sociales, humaines, politiques, économiques, juridiques, du vivant, etc. Ses analyses résonnent avec l'actualité, concernent la citoyenneté qui s'interroge sur le fonctionnement de nos sociét...

  10. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Mihail

    2009-01-01

      "Klassisk og modernepolitisk teori" er en bred indføring i politiske teorier, traditioner og forskningsfelter fra Platon og Aristoteles til vor tids stadig mere omfattende og specialiserede politiske tænkning. "Rousseau" rummer en systematisk gennemgang af Rousseaus forfatterskab med vægt på ha...

  11. Jean Baudrillard: Simulakranes fremrykning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Baudrillard

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available "La précession des simulacres”, in: Traverses nr.10, februar 1978, Centre national d’art et de culture Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1978, s.3-37. Tema: “le simulacre”. Oversat fra fransk af Carsten Juhl. – Siden udgivet med enkelte tilføjelser som den første tekst i Baudrillards antologi Simulacres et simulation, Paris, Galilée, (februar 1981. Den danske oversættelse er forkortet for flere afsnits vedkommende og svarer nøje til den forkortede engelske udgave, der står at læse i Mark Posters udgivelse af Baudrillards Selected Writings, Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1988, s.166-184

  12. EM International. Volume 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-07-01

    It is the intent of EM International to describe the Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management`s (EM`s) various roles and responsibilities within the international community. Cooperative agreements and programs, descriptions of projects and technologies, and synopses of visits to international sites are all highlighted in this semiannual journal. Focus on EM programs in this issue is on international collaboration in vitrification projects. Technology highlights covers: in situ sealing for contaminated sites; and remote sensors for toxic pollutants. Section on profiles of countries includes: Arctic contamination by the former Soviet Union, and EM activities with Germany--cooperative arrangements.

  13. Lacan Leitor de Melanie Klein: O Caso Dick em Questão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariana Lucero

    Full Text Available RESUMO O artigo apresenta a leitura que Jacques Lacan faz do caso Dick, de Melanie Klein. Para tanto, a discussão com o filósofo Jean Hyppolite é retomada com o objetivo de explicitarmos como os mecanismos de Ausstossung [expulsão], Verneinung [negação] e Bejahung [afirmação], descritos por Freud em 1925, podem contribuir para a compreensão da constituição psíquica sob uma perspectiva lacaniana. Em seguida, expomos o caso, tanto para apreendermos clinicamente o que foi exposto na teoria, quanto para evidenciarmos como Lacan se distancia da concepção de fantasia de M. Klein. O tema do diagnóstico, no entanto, aparece em ambos ligado a uma forma de organização subjetiva ainda em constituição na infância, o que traz elementos para refletirmos sobre essa questão na atualidade.

  14. La ciencia omnívora: antropología, capitalismo y estados contemporaneos según Jean y John Comaroff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Angosto Ferrández

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Muy pocos científicos sociales alcanzan el estatus de clásicos contemporáneos, pero ciertamente incluiríamos a Jean y John Comaroff en dicha categoría. Sus investigaciones se encuentran hoy sin duda en la vanguardia de las ciencias sociales, pero su trabajo ya venía siendo seguido y debatido ampliamente en el campo de la antropología casi tres décadas atrás. Más allá de las fronteras de esta disciplina, su trabajo ha tenido ecos, y continúa resonando, en las comunidades académicas de la sociología, las ciencias políticas y los estudios legales, en clara demostración del potencial del conocimiento antropológico cuando aborda abiertamente las grandes problemáticas de nuestros tiempos. Sólo una pequeña parte de la producción de John y Jean Comaroff ha sido traducida al castellano, pero son muchos los antropólogos españoles y latinoamericanos que conocen sus propuestas teóricas y metodológicas. La conversación que sigue nos brinda la oportunidad de profundizar en los contenidos de dichas propuestas y su relación con las política del conocimiento antropológico, del capitalismo y de los estados contemporáneos.

  15. Armes et Armures dans l'Oeuvre Épique et Historique de Jean d'Outremeuse (XIVe Siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaier, Claude

    1983-12-01

    Full Text Available JEAN d'Outremeuse fut et reste le plus populaire des vieux auteurs qui ont écrit l'histoire de l'ancienne principauté de Liège. Cette notoriété, il la doit sans doute à l'usage de la langue vulgaire -un français teinté de wallon- et aussi à l'extraordinaire profusion de détails pitttoresques qui émaillent ses narrations, où vingt générations d'érudits, de littérateurs et d'échotiers du passé ont puisé leur inspiration. Pourtant, la critique historique de notre siècle n'a eu aucune peine à démontrer que pareil ascendant n'était pas mérité, puisque Jean d'Outremeuse avait bel et bien recopié d'autres récits ou inventé de toutes pièces la matière qu'il n'avait pas trouvée dans des sources antérieures. De sorte que, à quelques nuances près, l'admiration sans bornes qu'on lui vouait jadis à désormais cédé la place au scepticisme, voire au dénigrement systématique à son égard.

  16. Algunas cuestiones epistemológicas a propósito de la teología monástica medieval en Jean Leclercq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Edmundo Gómez, osb

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo plantea cuatro cuestiones epistemológicas a propósito de la teología monástica medieval: existencia y significado, distinción de la escolástica, noción de ciencia y crítica neoescolástica, exponiendo reverentemente lo que Dom Jean Leclercq, osb. monje, historiador y teólogo, enseñó especialmente en L'amour des lettres et le désir de Dieu, que es a la vez el título y la conclusión de un hermoso libro publicado hace ya cincuenta años, mostrando la posible "complementariedad" y "coexistencia pacífica" entre modos diversos de hacer teologíaThis article outlines four epistemological questions apropos of medieval monastic theology: existence and meaning, the scholastic distinction, the notion of science and neo-scholastic criticism, expounding reverently what monk, historian and theologian Dom Jean Leclercq, o.s.b., taught, especially in L'amour des letters et le désir de Dieu, which is at the same time the title and the conclusion of a beautiful book published 50 years ago, showing the possible "complementarity" and "peaceful co-existence" between different modes of doing theology

  17. Jean Claude Risset’s Duet for One Pianist: Challenges of a Real-Time Performance Interaction with a Computer-Controlled Acoustic Piano 16 Years Later

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Lourenço

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to discuss the work Duet for one Pianist (1989 by the French composer Jean-Claude Risset (b. 13 March 1938 by analyzing the challenges of the music performance of this Computer-Aided Composition work Disklavier and implies Human-Computer Interaction performance. Extremely honored to perform the revised version of the 8 Sketches for One Pianist and Disklavier within a research project of CITAR and a new Sketch Reflections (2012 by Jean-Claude Risset dedicated to me in a World premiere in the closing ceremony of Black&White 2012 Film Festival promoted by the Catholic University of Portugal. Several issues on the performance of this work are analysed as a case-study, from the point of view of the performer, particularly the components of expressive performance in a real-time interaction between performer and computer. These components can work as analysis criteria of a piano interpretation, in here, of a pianist and Disklavier interpretation. 

  18. Éloge du décor : l’église Saint-Jean-Bosco à Paris, sanctuaire national du père des orphelins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Gaudard

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Architecte méconnu, D. Rotter élève en 1933 le sanctuaire national de l’ordre de Saint-Jean-Bosco, soixantième chantier du cardinal Verdier. Élément d’un projet plus vaste de bâtiments destinés à l’éducation des jeunes défavorisés, l’église en béton armé, à la silhouette proche de l’église du Raincy, frappe par l’originalité, la richesse et la bonne conservation de son décor. Bessac et Gaudin signent une partie du décor dû pour l’essentiel à Mauméjean Frères. Cet unicum parisien contient l’un des derniers décors figurés d’église avant leur disparition après-guerre.

  19. Microsatellite Loci in the Gypsophyte <em>Lepidium subulatum em>(Brassicaceae, and Transferability to Other <em>Lepidieae>

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Gabriel Segarra-Moragues

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed for the Ibero-North African, strict gypsophyte <em>Lepidium subulatumem> to unravel the effects of habitat fragmentation in levels of genetic diversity, genetic structure and gene flow among its populations. Using 454 pyrosequencing 12 microsatellite loci including di- and tri-nucleotide repeats were characterized in <em>L. subulatumem>. They amplified a total of 80 alleles (2–12 alleles per locus in a sample of 35 individuals of <em>L. subulatumem>, showing relatively high levels of genetic diversity, <em>H>O = 0.645, <em>H>E = 0.627. Cross-species transferability of all 12 loci was successful for the Iberian endemics <em>Lepidium cardaminesem>, <em>Lepidium stylatumem>, and the widespread, <em>Lepidium graminifoliumem> and one species each of two related genera, <em>Cardaria drabaem> and <em>Coronopus didymusem>. These microsatellite primers will be useful to investigate genetic diversity, population structure and to address conservation genetics in species of <em>Lepidium>.

  20. National debate on the energies: Report of the Senior citizens Committee, report of M. Jean Besson. Our electric system proof against the heat wave. The italian electric network failure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castillon, P.; Lesggy, M.; Morin, E.; Besson, J.; Mattatia, St.; Barthe, F.; Bouley, N.; Kahan, J.M.

    2003-01-01

    To preserve the impartiality and the serenity of the discussions, the National Debate on the Energies based on three channels: a Senior Citizens, a consultative Committee and the Parliamentarian Jean Besson. This document published extracts of the reports of the Senior Citizens Committee and Jean Besson. It also provides an analysis of the consequences on the electric power supply during the 2003 summer heat wave in France and the great failure of the italian electric power network during the 28 september 2003. (A.L.B.)

  1. SIMULACRA AS MEANS OF MANIPULATION OF PUBLIC OPINION: IN THE LIGHT OF THE JEAN BAUDRILLARD’S THEORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Мария Васильевна Комова

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available At the present stage for human civilization is characterized the widespread use of simulations that have spread to all spheres of public life. The use of simulation in the mass media practice, in particular in order to manipulate public opinion, is radically transforming the functional characteristics of the media. The purpose of the research lies in understanding the basic assumptions of the Jean Baudrillard’s simulation theory, installation of simulacra use features in the communication processes of modern society, investigating the influence of simulacra to transform the functions of mass media. When conducting  the research tudies, are used such methods: descriptive, method of analysis, synthesis, comparison.Results. Media and official sources are used in order to maintain the illusion of truth, realityof  goals of social processes of past and present as well, objectivity of facts and documentary evidence. Abstraction, history artifacts, disasters and crises represented on television, are designed to keep the audience under the influence of communication investments. Media reports are characterized by the social codification, which is reflected in the appointment of messages not in delivering of information, implementation of communication, but only in the circulation and identification of anticipated reactions.Media plays the role of global communication environment, in which simulation mechanism is implemented. The real mass media practice suggests the use of communication resources, traditional and innovative forms of work in the plantation of simulacra world in the public consciousness as a reality.As a result, the total use of simulacra in mass media practice causes the destruction of "mass media" which appears in the functional transformation of the notion of the media as truth. To the lost belongs the function to be truth of absolute observation and supervision that is based on the position "observe" after objective space and be

  2. Marketing em moda

    OpenAIRE

    Leães, Sabrina Durgante

    2008-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Design e Marketing O actual estado do Marketing em Moda é uma das questões ainda complexa com que se debate a sociedade global. As questões do Marketing em Moda percorrem alguns aspectos fundamentais tais como as constantes mutações do meio envolvente, a forma de como é percebida e comunicada a identidade das marcas de moda, em busca da melhor forma de segmentar o mercado e definir o seu posicionamento, bem como a reacção ao produto de moda do consumidor final. ...

  3. Pierre-Jean Mariette, enlightened art connoisseur and scholar of art history : Mariette and the Science of the Connoisseur in Eighteenth-Century Europe by Kristen Smentek, Farnham: Ashgate, 2014

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, I.R.

    2017-01-01

    In her book Smentek brings back to life the rich scope of economic and scholarly activities and social ambitions employed by the art dealer and collector of European renown, Jean-Pierre Mariette (1694-1774). By concentrating on the various artistic media in which he was primarily involved, she each

  4. Hubert Damisch / Jean Dubuffet - Entrée en matière: correspondance 1961-1985, textes 1961-2014: édition établie, présentée et annotée

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berrebi, S.

    2016-01-01

    French artist Jean Dubuffet and French art historian Hubert Damisch shared a long friendship between 1961—the year Damisch published his first essay on Dubuffet—and 1985—when the latter died. "Entrée en matière" gathers together all the texts written by Damisch on Dubuffet as well as a selection of

  5. Emergency Medical Service (EMS) Stations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — EMS Locations in Kansas The EMS stations dataset consists of any location where emergency medical services (EMS) personnel are stationed or based out of, or where...

  6. Nomenclatural notes on the Eurytomids (Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae) described by Jean Brèthes housed in Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Michael W

    2014-04-16

    Ten Eurytomidae (Hymenoptera) parasitic wasp species described by Jean Brèthes and deposited in the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales in Buenos Aires are treated and their nomenclature stabilized. The condition of the type material is described. Lectotypes are designated for Decatoma cecidosiphaga Brèthes, Prodecatoma parodii Brèthes, Eudecatoma opposita Brèthes, and Eurytoma caridei Brèthes. One new generic synonymy, Xanthosomodes Brèthes with Tetramesa Walker, n. syn., and five new combinations are proposed: Tetramesa albiangulata (Brèthes), n. comb.; Phylloxeroxenus caridei (Brèthes), n. comb.; Aximopsis vulgata (Brèthes), n. comb.; Proseurytoma parodii (Brèthes), n. comb.; and Bruchophagus opposita (Brèthes), n. comb. Sycophila paranensis Brèthes is declared incertae sedis.

  7. The Pigment Analysis of 18th Century Pastel Paintings by Maurice-Quentin de La Tour (1704-1788) and Jean Valade (1710-1787)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gombaud, Cecile; Buti, David; Nielsen, Johanne Marie

    Pastel paintings are rarely studied unless they are unframed [1-3]. The conservation treatment of three French pastel portraits by Maurice-Quentin de La Tour (1704-1788) and Jean Valade (1710-1787) at the paper conservation studio of the National Museum of Sweden gave the opportunity to study...... by two of the leading pastellists of the time and, in order to outline their colour palette, characterize the white filler and the pigments used as well as the binders. The combination of photographic analysis, including UV and infrared photographs, together with different spectroscopic techniques...... allowed to characterize part of the artists’ palettes, both pigment and possible binding medium, and to have information about the paper support. After a first non-invasive campaign by means of X-rays fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), which allowed an overall elemental investigation of the different...

  8. "He sees the development of children's concepts upon a background of sociology": Jean Piaget's honorary degree at Harvard University in 1936.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsueh, Yeh

    2004-02-01

    In the recent memory, Jean Piaget has been known as a cognitive developmental psychologist. But in 1936 when Harvard gave him his first honorary degree, he was recognized mainly as a sociologist. Why did Harvard honor him in 1936? Who knew his work well enough to nominate him? This article will address these questions by exploring archival documents from different sources. Evidence draws our attention to a broad social and intellectual endeavor in philanthropy, other social sciences, and especially industrial research that brought Piaget across the water. This article also attempts to interpret the circumstances of the nomination process inside and outside of Harvard University by using a theory of institutional design. It suggests that embodied in Harvard's honor of Piaget in 1936 was an idealistic act in social designing for a future society.

  9. Reframing hunting, gathering, tool-making and art, as expressions of evolution of consciousness as depicted in Jean Gebser’s ‘the ever-present origin’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fritz N. Ilongo

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the evolution of consciousness as directly correlated to hunting, gathering, tool-making and art. The methodology is qualitative theoretical analyses, articulated around Jean Gebser’s seminal work, The Ever-Present Origin. Hunting and gathering are expressions of a magical, unitary, ‘self-dissolving’ consciousness. Tool-making on the other hand is depicted as evolving from a mythical consciousness of duality, polarity, symbolism and a state of being qualified by ‘crystallisation of the I’. Lastly, art is a function of a consciousness of ‘self-transcendence’, ‘I and I’, idealisation and a transpersonal state of being. The article concludes by positing that hunting, gathering, tool-making and art can be reframed as ‘forms of the movement of consciousness’.

  10. Jean-François Gallotte, Joëlle Malberg, Carbone 14 le film, Les Mutins de Pangée

    OpenAIRE

    Curien, Julie

    2014-01-01

    Carbone 14 le film est un témoignage sur le mouvement des radios libres, à travers l'exemple de « Carbone 14 », « la radio active » devenue « la radio qui vous encule par les oreilles ». Filmé en 4 jours à la rentrée 1982, avec du matériel volé, le film ovni de Jean-François Galotte et Joëlle Malberg est sélectionné au Festival de Cannes en 1983. Il fait un tollé qui retombe comme une crêpe, aux oubliettes : on n'en parle plus avant... 2011, trente ans après la création de la radio culte et c...

  11. Bertrand Lavedrine, Jean-Paul Gandolfo, L’Autochrome Lumière. Secrets d’ateliers et défis industriels

    OpenAIRE

    Boulouch, Nathalie

    2009-01-01

    Bien que l’autochrome ait bénéficié de l’attention régulière des historiens et des éditeurs depuis une quinzaine d’années, il restait encore une part importante de connaissances à révéler à propos de l’histoire industrielle du premier procédé de photographie couleur commercialisé en juin 1907 par la Société Lumière et ses fils. C’est chose faite avec cet ouvrage qui s’appuie sur les recherches menées de longue date par Bertrand Lavedrine et Jean-Paul Gandolfo. Sa qualité réside dans le tressa...

  12. Le contrôle de l'Univers: la dialettica del potere nelle Histoire(s du cinéma di Jean-Luc Godard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Guerra

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In Histoire(s du cinéma, Jean-Luc Godard finally connects his human being’s existence with history of cinema as uncontrollable stream of images, as a system of screens and mirrors that our experience produces and from which it is produced. The image is the nothing’s negation – Godard says – but also the nothing’s gaze on us. Through an omnivorous cinematographic writing, through the exploitation of quotation’s potentiality of movies – made possible only for a director –, Godard prepares a dialectic mechanism of visual power that points out the individual’s endurance versus images and images’endurance versus the individual. Between film-archive and film-museum, Godard manipulates images until to reveal us their secret power structure.

  13. Historical sources about diseases, death and embalming regarding the family of Jean Antoine Michel Agar, Minister of Finance of Gioacchino Murat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinozzi, S; Gazzaniga, V; Giuffra, V; Fornaciari, G

    2011-06-01

    Among the mummies preserved in the Basilica of San Domenico Maggiore in Naples, there are the bodies of the wife and three children of Jean Antoine Michel Agar, Minister of Finance of Naple's Kingdom during the Monarchy of Joachim Murat (1808-1815). Between 1983 and 1987 paleopathological analyses were performed; in particular, X-ray examination allowed investigation of the health status of the Agar family members and reconstruction of the embalming processes used to preserve the bodies. In addition, an analysis of the historical and archival documents was carried out, to formulate hypotheses about the causes of death, demonstrating how these sources could become important instruments to obtain diagnoses and pathological histories.

  14. Jean-Pierre Abbet & Daniel Stoecklin, « We were talking… » Les Beatles en héritage

    OpenAIRE

    Nikoghosyan, Nuné

    2012-01-01

    Voici un ouvrage autour des Beatles qui n’est pas une biographie, ni une étude sociologique, mais une collection d’essais par deux sociologues. Dans « We were talking » Les Beatles en héritage, Jean-Pierre Abbet et Daniel Stoecklin prennent un style discursif libre et, ne visant pas une neutralité scientifique, proposent leurs points de vue personnels sur des thèmes divers autour des Beatles. Les thèmes varient de l’œuvre des Beatles à la « Beatlemania » comme phénomène social, en passant par...

  15. De l’onirisme à l’ironie : les prestiges de la nuit dans l’Euphormion de Jean Barclay (1605)

    OpenAIRE

    Correard, Nicolas

    2017-01-01

    Publiée en 1605 par l’auteur franco-écossais Jean Barclay, la première partie de l’Euphormionis Lusinini Satyricon, roman satirique néo-latin, abonde en scènes nocturnes, durant lesquelles le personnage éponyme est confronté à une série de phénomènes au statut ambigu (feux follets, apparitions, songes). Événements surnaturels, ou naturels ? Le texte laisse place à l’interprétation, comme le montre la réception d’époque, notamment les traductions françaises, qui tendent à réduire son ambiguïté...

  16. LIFTING THE DUSTY VEIL WITH NEAR- AND MID-INFRARED PHOTOMETRY. I. DESCRIPTION AND APPLICATIONS OF THE RAYLEIGH-JEANS COLOR EXCESS METHOD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Majewski, Steven R.; Zasowski, Gail; Nidever, David L.

    2011-01-01

    The Milky Way (MW) remains a primary laboratory for understanding the structure and evolution of spiral galaxies, but typically we are denied clear views of MW stellar populations at low Galactic latitudes because of extinction by interstellar dust. However, the combination of Two Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS) near-infrared (NIR) and Spitzer-IRAC mid-infrared (MIR) photometry enables a powerful method for determining the line-of-sight reddening to any star: the sampled wavelengths lie in the Rayleigh-Jeans part of the spectral energy distribution of most stars, where, to first order, all stars have essentially the same intrinsic color. Thus, changes in stellar NIR-MIR colors due to interstellar reddening are readily apparent, and (under an assumed extinction law) the observed colors and magnitudes of stars can be easily and accurately restored to their intrinsic values, greatly increasing their usefulness for Galactic structure studies. In this paper, we explore this 'Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess' (RJCE) method and demonstrate that use of even a simple variant of the RJCE method based on a single reference color, (H -[4.5μ]), can rather accurately remove dust effects from previously uninterpretable 2MASS color-magnitude diagrams of stars in fields along the heavily reddened Galactic midplane, with results far superior to those derived from application of other dereddening methods. We also show that 'total' Galactic midplane extinction looks rather different from that predicted using 100μ emission maps from the IRAS/ISSA and COBE/DIRBE instruments as presented by Schlegel et al. Instead, the Galactic midplane extinction strongly resembles the distribution of 13 CO (J = 1→0) emission. Future papers will focus on refining the RJCE method and applying the technique to understand better not only dust and its distribution but also the distribution of stars intermixed with the dust in the low-latitude Galaxy.

  17. e quotidien à tout prix. Analyse du retour à l’ordinaire dans Le drap d’Yves Ravey et Un an de Jean Echenoz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Décarie

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Pourquoi le quotidien reprend-il le dessus avec force dans les occasions les moins courantes, comme celle d’une maladie mortelle ou d’une fugue à la suite d’un crime ? Comment le quotidien est-il raconté dans de telles circonstances ? Ces questions préliminaires guident ici l’analyse de deux romans, Le drap d’Yves Ravey (2002 et Un an de Jean Echenoz (1997, dans lesquels des événements, qui rompent pourtant avec le quotidien des personnages, sont chaque fois dépassés pour faire place au retour du temps ordinaire. Il s’agit ici de voir comment les romanciers parviennent à maintenir un récit de tous les jours tout en racontant une situation peu banale, puis de tenter de répondre à cette autre interrogation : quelle force nous pousse à vouloir à tout prix raconter le quotidien malgré des circonstances dramatiques ? Why does everyday life take over even in the least mundane of occasions, as is the case with a terminal illness or a disappearance after a crime ? How is everyday life narrated in such circumstances ? These preliminary questions guide the analysis of two novels, Le drap by Yves Ravey (2002 and Un an by Jean Echenoz (1997, two books in which events, although far from ordinary, are each time transcended to herald the return of everyday life. This article explores the ways in which Echenoz and Ravey manage to tell an extraordinary story while narrating ordinary events and tries to answer the question : what force compels us to tell the story of the ordinary at any price, even when confronted with dramatic circumstances ?

  18. <em>Angiostrongylus vasorumem> in red foxes (<em>Vulpes vulpesem> and badgers (<em>Meles melesem> from Central and Northern Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Magi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract During 2004-2005 and 2007-2008, 189 foxes (<em>Vulpes vulpesem> and 6 badgers (<em>Meles melesem> were collected in different areas of Central Northern Italy (Piedmont, Liguria and Tuscany and examined for <em>Angiostrongylus vasorumem> infection. The prevalence of the infection was significantly different in the areas considered, with the highest values in the district of Imperia (80%, Liguria and in Montezemolo (70%, southern Piedmont; the prevalence in Tuscany was 7%. One badger collected in the area of Imperia turned out to be infected, representing the first report of the parasite in this species in Italy. Further studies are needed to evaluate the role played by fox populations as reservoirs of infection and the probability of its spreading to domestic dogs.
    Riassunto <em>Angiostrongylus vasorumem> nella volpe (<em>Vulpes vulpesem> e nel tasso (<em>Meles melesem> in Italia centro-settentrionale. Nel 2004-2005 e 2007-2008, 189 volpi (<em>Vulpes vulpesem> e 6 tassi (<em>Meles melesem> provenienti da differenti aree dell'Italia settentrionale e centrale (Piemonte, Liguria Toscana, sono stati esaminati per la ricerca di <em>Angiostrongylus vasorumem>. La prevalenza del nematode è risultata significativamente diversa nelle varie zone, con valori elevati nelle zone di Imperia (80% e di Montezemolo (70%, provincia di Cuneo; la prevalenza in Toscana è risultata del 7%. Un tasso proveniente dall'area di Imperia è risultato positivo per A. vasorum; questa è la prima segnalazione del parassita in tale specie in Italia. Ulteriori studi sono necessari per valutare il potenziale della volpe come serbatoio e la possibilità di diffusione della parassitosi ai cani domestici.

    doi:10.4404/hystrix-20.2-4442

  19. Seduction as a Game of Reversals and Death. Understanding Jean Baudrillard’s Seduction through Patricia Duncker’s Hallucinating Foucault (La seducción como un juego de inversiones y muerte. Comprender Seduction, de Jean Baudrillard mediante Hallucinating Foucault, de Patricia Duncker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Giangiulio Lobo

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia la teoría de la seducción de Jean Baudrillard mediante el análisis de la novela Hallucinating Foucault, de Patricia Duncker, para mostrar que el proceso de lectura es un acto seductor y un juego obsesivo entre lector y escritor. Estas características se comprueban con la inversión de las jerarquías presentes, del cambio de roles y de una muerte literal y metafórica. Hallucinating Foucault muestra la complejidad entre lector y escritor, vistos como compañeros de juego, parte de una relación que respectivamente alimenta su imaginación y su creatividad. Jean Baudrillard’s theory of seduction is studied by the analysis of the novel Hallucinating Foucault, by Patricia Duncker, to verify that the process of reading is a seductive act and a compulsive game among readers and writers. These features are shown by the reversal of the hierarchies present, the changing of roles and a literal and metaphorical death. Thus, Hallucinating Foucault shows the complexity between readers and writers, seen as playmates and partners that mutually feed one another’s imagination and creativity.

  20. Je vous salue Marie de Jean-Luc Godard : modalités et enjeux d’un retour du religieux au cinéma “Hail Mary, full of grace”, a film by Jean-Luc Godard

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    Natalie Malabre

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Est-il possible de filmer un sujet aussi sensible que celui de la virginité de Marie en dehors des références aux canons religieux ? Ce fut le défi de Jean-Luc Godard au milieu des années 1980, lorsqu’il réalisa Je vous salue Marie. Sans surprise, certains catholiques manifestèrent leur opposition. Mais d’autres essayèrent d’expliquer et de soutenir cette manière non traditionnelle d’approcher le mystère de la transcendance.Is it possible to film religious subject, a very sensitive one like the virginity of Mary, out of the references of religious stances? That was the challenge of Jean-Luc Godard in the middle of the 80’s when he promoted “Je vous salue Marie”. Without surprise, some Catholics demonstrated their opposition. But some of them tried to explain and support the untraditional way to approach the mystery of transcendence.

  1. International EMS Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langhelle, Audun; Lossius, Hans Morten; Silfvast, Tom

    2004-01-01

    exist, however, especially within the ground and air ambulance service, and the EMS systems face several challenges. Main problems and challenges emphasized by the authors are: (1) Denmark: the dispatch centres are presently not under medical control and are without a national criteria based system......Emergency medicine service (EMS) systems in the five Nordic countries have more similarities than differences. One similarity is the involvement of anaesthesiologists as pre-hospital physicians and their strong participation for all critically ill and injured patients in-hospital. Discrepancies do....... Access to on-line medical advice of a physician is not available; (2) Finland: the autonomy of the individual municipalities and their responsibility to cover for primary and specialised health care, as well as the EMS, and the lack of supporting or demanding legislation regarding the EMS; (3) Iceland...

  2. Manual Labour as <em>praxis pietatisem>

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Mette Birkedal

    2007-01-01

    This article describes the role played by the topos of manual labour in the Cistercian reform at La Trappe in the 1660s. According to the reformer Armand-Jean de Rancé, manual labour serves partly as a link from the reform to the Rule of Benedict's prescriptions about opus manuum, partly as an ep...... as an epitome of the biblical definition of the post-lapsarian condition as a matter of eating bread by the sweat of one's face and finally as a device for the cultivation of monastic humility and penitence....

  3. A poliomielite em Sergipe

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    Hélio A. Oliveira

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Os autores apresentam estudo retrospectivo da poliomielite em Sergipe. Dividem o estudo em três períodos levando em consideração a taxa de notificação de casos positivos e enfatizam o período que vai de 1979 a 1989, pelo estudo de 159 casos consecutivos. As seguintes informações foram levantadas para cada caso: sexo, idade, procedência, estado vacinai anterior e evolução clínica. São também avaliadas a incidência anual, relação incidência/cobertura vacinai e distribuição geográfica. Tecem comentários sobre os surtos epidêmicos ocorridos em 1984 e 1986, sobre as alterações na circulação do poliovírus selvagem (P1 para P3 e sobre problemas relacionados à não aquisição de imunidade em crianças com esquema vacinal completo. Consideram a poliomielite controlada no Estado, mas enfatizam a necessidade de manutenção de Vigilância epidemiológica efetiva para todos os casos de paralisia aguda e flácida em menores de 14 anos de idade.

  4. EM type radioactive standards. Radioaktivni etalony EM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    The standard contains technical specifications and conditions of production, testing, packing, transport and storage of EM type planar calibration standards containing radionuclides /sup 14/C, /sup 60/Co, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 137/Cs, /sup 147/Pm, /sup 204/Tl, /sup 239/Pu, /sup 241/Am and natural U. The terminology is explained, the related Czechoslovak standards and legal prescriptions given and amendments to these prescriptions presented.

  5. Poétique de l’arbre et de la forêt. Une lecture bachelardienne de l’œuvre de Jean Giono

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    Jean-philippe Pierron

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available By offering a reading and a perspective of Jean Giono's novel «L’homme qui plantait des arbres» (The Man Who Planted Trees, published in 1953, the following article would show what contributions Gaston Bachelard's philosophy might make to environmental imagination. As Jean Giono writes  “je crois qu’il est grand temps qu’on fasse une ‘politique de l’arbre’ bien que le mot politique semble bien mal adapté ”, we could say that it is time that this politic finds her poetic. The tree, as a primary image that emphasizes an upward dynamic in L’Air et les songes, and the forest, which rise a poetic of space in Bachelard (friend and reader of Gaston Roupnel, the historian of the French countryside, are precious figures in order to develop a poetic of nature. For this, however, there would be two defies. On the one hand, if the choice made by Gaston Bachelard to retain the tetralogy of the ancient cosmology produces a shift in thinking about the rêverie du végétal, an inadequacy in the valuation of the mineral on the organic, it doesn’t preclude it in principle. The phénoménologie du vegetal (phenomenology of plants led to wonder what is about its relative neglected in the thinking of G. Bachelard, and about what may have close didactic reference to the four elements. On the other hand, it will be necessary to show how this apparently absent phenomenology, but legitimate in the work of philosopher, exceeds the critical ironic praise of the tree and of the forest that sees, in the best case, the mark of a naive romantic Arcadia (cf. Le Walden de Thoreau, and in the worst, a form of new obscurantism exiting, in a “nouvel order écologique” (new ecological order, the potential mark of an éco-fascism. Under these conditions, a poetic that dialectizes the tree and the forest can prepare an ecology of foundation.

  6. Conhecimento, tecnologia e sociedade: em busca de referências interpretativas da ação

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    Jairo Ferreira

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Este texto desenvolve pontos da relação entre sociedade, conhecimento e tecnologia com o recorte das teorias marxistas sobre produção social e educação, e a perspectiva sociogenética de Jean Piaget. A face oculta dessas teorias refere-se às polêmicas sobre as possibilidades cognitivas abertas pelas tecnologias de informática e telemática. Relativizando uma e outra abordagem, buscamos - nos vários passos de construção - as referências teóricas para a interpretação e avaliação daquelas relações, com os olhos voltados à ação pedagógica em ambientes informatizados, nos termos da oposição entre autonomia e heteronomia.

  7. As representações discursivas de vítima na construção dos sentidos em textos de inquéritos policiais

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    João Gomes da Silva Neto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, apresentamos a análise das representações discursivas de vítima em textos de inquéritos policiais. O estudo insere-se no âmbito teórico geral da Linguística de Texto, mais especificamente, na Análise Textual dos Discursos, proposta por Jean-Michel Adam. Seguindo princípios da pesquisa documental, de base qualitativa, exploramos um corpus constituído por inquéritos policiais originados a partir de denúncias registradas em boletins de ocorrência. O corpus foi coletado em uma Delegacia Especializada de Amparo à Mulher, em Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. Nossa hipótese é que as escolhas linguísticas utilizadas para construir uma determinada representação, no caso, a representação discursiva de vítima, são feitas em função de um determinado propósito argumentativo, de acordo com as intenções do enunciador – defender(-se e/ou acusar, incriminar. Nos procedimentos de análise utilizamos as seguintes categorias teóricas: a referenciação, a predicação, a modificação e a conexão.

  8. Purification, Characterization and Antioxidant Activities <em>in Vitroem>> em>and <em>in Vivoem> of the Polysaccharides from <em>Boletus edulisem> Bull

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yijun Fan

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A water-soluble polysaccharide (BEBP was extracted from <em>Boletus edulis em>Bull using hot water extraction followed by ethanol precipitation. The polysaccharide BEBP was further purified by chromatography on a DEAE-cellulose column, giving three major polysaccharide fractions termed BEBP-1, BEBP-2 and BEBP-3. In the next experiment, the average molecular weight (Mw, IR and monosaccharide compositional analysis of the three polysaccharide fractions were determined. The evaluation of antioxidant activities both <em>in vitroem> and <em>in vivo em>suggested that BEBP-3 had good potential antioxidant activity, and should be explored as a novel potential antioxidant.

  9. Sulla presenza di <em>Sorex antinoriiem>, <em>Neomys anomalusem> (Insectivora, Soricidae e <em>Talpa caecaem> (Insectivora, Talpidae in Umbria

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    A.M. Paci

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Lo scopo del contributo è di fornire un aggiornamento sulla presenza del Toporagno del Vallese <em>Sorex antinoriiem>, del Toporagno acquatico di Miller <em>Neomys anomalusem> e della Talpa cieca <em>Talpa caecaem> in Umbria, dove le specie risultano accertate ormai da qualche anno. A tal fine sono stati rivisitati i reperti collezionati e la bibliografia conosciuta. Toporagno del Vallese: elevato di recente a livello di specie da Brünner et al. (2002, altrimenti considerato sottospecie del Toporagno comune (<em>S. araneus antinoriiem>. È conservato uno di tre crani incompleti (mancano mandibole ed incisivi superiori al momento prudenzialmente riferiti a <em>Sorex> cfr. <em>antinorii>, provenienti dall?Appennino umbro-marchigiano settentrionale (dintorni di Scalocchio - PG, 590 m. s.l.m. e determinati sulla base della pigmentazione rossa degli ipoconi del M1 e M2; Toporagno acquatico di Miller: tre crani (Breda in Paci e Romano op. cit. e un esemplare intero (Paci, ined. sono stati trovati a pochi chilometri di distanza gli uni dall?altro tra i comuni di Assisi e Valfabbrica, in ambienti mediocollinari limitrofi al Parco Regionale del M.te Subasio (Perugia. In provincia di Terni la specie viene segnalata da Isotti (op. cit. per i dintorni di Orvieto. Talpa cieca: sono noti una femmina e un maschio raccolti nel comune di Pietralunga (PG, rispettivamente in una conifereta a <em>Pinus nigraem> (m. 630 s.l.m. e nelle vicinanze di un bosco misto collinare a prevalenza di <em>Quercus cerrisem> (m. 640 s.l.m.. Recentemente un terzo individuo è stato rinvenuto nel comune di Sigillo (PG, all?interno del Parco Regionale di M.te Cucco, sul margine di una faggeta a 1100 m s.l.m. In entrambi i casi l?areale della specie è risultato parapatrico con quello di <em>Talpa europaeaem>.

  10. L’entreprise archivistique de Jean de Cirey, abbé de Cîteaux (1476-1501. Le dossier documentaire de la seigneurie de Villars en Côte-d’Or

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coraline Rey

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available L'abbé Jean de Cirey (1476-1501 a réalisé un ambitieux projet archivistique, notamment en faisant trier et classer les chartes, et en assurant leur préservation par la rédaction de cartulaires. De cette entreprise, les Archives départementales de Côte-d’Or conservent aujourd’hui neuf grands registres de parchemin (320/325 x 240/250 mm appelés « cartulaires de Jean de Cirey », formant un cartulaire général de l’abbaye de Cîteaux. Ce service d’archives possède aussi quinze cartulaires cisterc...

  11. Régis Boulat, Jean Fourastié, un expert en productivité. La modernisation de la France (années 1930–années 1950)

    OpenAIRE

    Denord, François

    2011-01-01

    De Jean Fourastié, beaucoup se souviennent qu’il a inventé la formule « les Trente Glorieuses ». Sa renommée aurait pu à elle seule justifier une biographie. Issu d’une thèse de doctorat d’histoire soutenue à l’université de Franche-Comté, le livre de Régis Boulat doit pourtant peu à ce genre académique. S’il rend compte de la trajectoire de Jean Fourastié, c’est comme véhicule de la notion de productivité en France entre les années 1930 et 1950. Praticien et expert de l’économie, haut foncti...

  12. Methyl 2-Benzamido-2-(1<em>H>-benzimidazol-1-ylmethoxyacetate

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    Alami Anouar

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The heterocyclic carboxylic α-aminoester methyl 2-benzamido-2-(1<em>H>-benzimidazol-1-ylmethoxyacetate is obtained by <em>O>-alkylation of methyl α-azido glycinate <em>N>-benzoylated with 1<em>H>-benzimidazol-1-ylmethanol.

  13. Evaluación y planteamiento de mejoras del proceso de manufactura de jeans de una empresa local dedicada a la confección de ropa sport mediante un modelo de simulación en witness

    OpenAIRE

    Arias Muñoz, Oscar Luis; Barcia Villacreses, Kleber F.

    2009-01-01

    This article contains the synthesis of the study performed for the evaluation and presentation of improvements of the process of the manufacture of men’s and women’s jeans with false or real pockets of a local company dedicated to the preparation of casual wear. The production line was analyzed using simulation as the main tool. A simulation model for the present situation was developed, validating it against the collected input data. Also modifications based on the proposals of improvement o...

  14. A specimen of <em>Sorex> cfr. <em>samniticus> in Barn Owl's pellets from Murge plateau (Apulia, Italy / Su di un <em>Sorex> cfr. <em>samniticus> (Insectivora, Soricidae rinvenuto in borre di <em>Tyto albaem> delle Murge (Puglia, Italia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Ferrara

    1992-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In a lot of Barn Owl's pellets from the Murge plateau a specimen of <em>Sorex> sp. was detected. Thank to some morphological and morphometrical features, the cranial bones can be tentatively attributed to <em>Sorex samniticusem> Altobello, 1926. The genus <em>Sorex> was not yet included in the Apulia's fauna southwards of the Gargano district; the origin and significance of the above record is briefly discussed, the actual presence of a natural population of <em>Sorex> in the Murge being not yet proved. Riassunto Viene segnalato il rinvenimento di un esemplare di <em>Sorex> cfr. <em>samniticus> da borre di <em>Tyto albaem> delle Murge. Poiché il genere non era stato ancora segnalato nella Puglia a sud del Gargano, viene discusso il significato faunistico del reperto.

  15. A New Economic and Political State of Play in the Energy Sector: On Jean-Pierre Hansen and Jacques Percebois, Energy. Economy and politics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lesourne, J.

    2011-01-01

    If there is one sector in which the state of play has changed radically over a few decades, it is the energy sector. It has been affected simultaneously by the prospect that the main fossil fuels will become exhausted, by the impact on our planet's climate of the consumption of this fossil energy (implying increased recourse to renewable sources) and by the rapid economic development of large nations consuming increasing quantities of energy. Energy-related policies (particularly economic and technological policies) are, in fact, being developed in an increasingly complex and international context, which is, at times, very difficult to grasp. Fortunately, two specialists in energy matters, Jean-Pierre Hansen and Jacques Percebois, have published a very comprehensive survey of this new economic and political state of play in the energy field: 'Energie. Economie et politiques' [Energy: Economics and Policies] (Brussels: De Boeck, 2010). It clearly is not possible here to go into all the questions they confront, but in this review Jacques Lesourne, who has read the book for Futuribles, clearly demonstrates its importance and presents the reader with the main facets of the work that make it a reference tool for all involved in this sector, including the most highly specialized. (author)

  16. Surfeit. Philosophies of Jürgen Habermas and Jean Baudrillard against the background of St. I. Witkiewicz’s neohumanistic catastrophism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Smrokowska-Reichmann

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the category of neo-catastrophism. Postmodern society has launched the mechanisms of self-destruction which are now working not only in interpersonal and communicative relationships, but also in the realms of axiology, ethics and even ontology. According to the author, the main aspects of Jean Baudrillard’s and Jürgen Habermas’ philosophy can be interpreted as containing such neo-catastrophic message. However, as the forerunner of neo-catastrophism in philosophy the author points out Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz (Witkacy, especially his theory of metaphysical feelings and their disappearance in mass society. Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, known among the philosophy critics as neohumanistic catastrophist, has foreseen many categories which are typical for Habermas’ and Baudrillard’s writings. The neo-catastrophic mechanisms has a serious consequences for the condition of postmodern subject, the more so because the main part of the neocatastrophism is the strong conviction that there is no escape. The author, besides the main thesis mentioned above, highlights some common features between Baudillard’s and Habermas’ conceptions.

  17. “Madwoman in the Post-Colonial Era” A Study of the Female Voice in Jean Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nushrat Azam

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to analyze the mediums and effects of voice and silence in the life of a female character of the re-written post-colonial text Jean Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea. The analysis shows how a re-written text can give a new meaning to a character and story of a novel, where the character of Antoinette tells the untold story of Bertha in Jane Eyre. The method of investigation for this research is analytical and descriptive; the research was completed by analyzing the events, actions and the interactions of the female character, Antoinette with the other major characters in the novel in order to identify how the character of Antoinette was portrayed throughout the novel. It is understood through the study of the text, that the post-colonial novel gave the female voice much more importance than its previous counterpart. This represents the early post-colonial times during which women were starting to gain liberation but had still not completely moved on from the notions of patriarchal societies that they had grown up in.

  18. Glycosylation of Vanillin and 8-Nordihydrocapsaicin by Cultured <em>Eucalyptus perrinianaem> Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naoji Kubota

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Glycosylation of vanilloids such as vanillin and 8-nordihydrocapsaicin by cultured plant cells of <em>Eucalyptus perrinianaem> was studied. Vanillin was converted into vanillin 4-<em>O>-b-D-glucopyranoside, vanillyl alcohol, and 4-<em>O>-b-D-glucopyranosylvanillyl alcohol by <em>E. perriniana em>cells. Incubation of cultured <em>E. perrinianaem> cells with 8-nor- dihydrocapsaicin gave 8-nordihydrocapsaicin 4-<em>O>-b-D-glucopyranoside and 8-nordihydro- capsaicin 4-<em>O>-b-D-gentiobioside.

  19. Retratos em movimento.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Oliveira Junior

    Full Text Available resumo O artigo aborda aspectos da relação do cinema com a arte do retrato. Buscamos, em primeiro lugar, uma definição estética do que seria um retrato cinematográfico, sempre em tensão com os critérios formais e padrões estilísticos que historicamente constituíram o retrato pictórico. Em seguida, relacionamos essa questão com a importância que se deu à representação do close-up de rosto nas primeiras décadas do cinema, quando foi atribuído aos filmes um papel inédito no estudo da fisionomia e da expressão facial. Por fim, apresentamos exemplos de autorretratos na pintura e no cinema para expor a forma como a autorrepresentação põe em crise as noções de subjetividade e identidade em que a definição clássica do retrato se apoiava.

  20. <em>In Vivoem> Histamine Optical Nanosensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heather A. Clark

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In this communication we discuss the development of ionophore based nanosensors for the detection and monitoring of histamine levels <em>in vivoem>. This approach is based on the use of an amine-reactive, broad spectrum ionophore which is capable of recognizing and binding to histamine. We pair this ionophore with our already established nanosensor platform, and demonstrate <em>in vitroem> and <em>in vivoem> monitoring of histamine levels. This approach enables capturing rapid kinetics of histamine after injection, which are more difficult to measure with standard approaches such as blood sampling, especially on small research models. The coupling together of <em>in vivoem> nanosensors with ionophores such as nonactin provide a way to generate nanosensors for novel targets without the difficult process of designing and synthesizing novel ionophores.

  1. Study of the <em>in Vitroem> Antiplasmodial, Antileishmanial and Antitrypanosomal Activities of Medicinal Plants from Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nawal M. Al-Musayeib

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigated the <em>in vitroem> antiprotozoal activity of sixteen selected medicinal plants. Plant materials were extracted with methanol and screened <em>in vitroem> against erythrocytic schizonts of <em>Plasmodium falciparumem>, intracellular amastigotes of <em>Leishmania infantum em>and <em>Trypanosoma cruzi em>and free trypomastigotes of<em> T. bruceiem>. Cytotoxic activity was determined against MRC-5 cells to assess selectivity<em>. em>The criterion for activity was an IC50 < 10 µg/mL (4. Antiplasmodial activity was found in the<em> em>extracts of<em> em>>Prosopis julifloraem> and <em>Punica granatumem>. Antileishmanial activity<em> em>against <em>L. infantumem> was demonstrated in <em>Caralluma sinaicaem> and <em>Periploca aphylla.em> Amastigotes of<em> T. cruzi em>were affected by the methanol extract of<em> em>>Albizia lebbeckem>> em>pericarp, <em>Caralluma sinaicaem>,> Periploca aphylla em>and <em>Prosopius julifloraem>. Activity against<em> T. brucei em>was obtained in<em> em>>Prosopis julifloraem>. Cytotoxicity (MRC-5 IC50 < 10 µg/mL and hence non-specific activities were observed for<em> em>>Conocarpus lancifoliusem>.>

  2. Sexualidade e pulsão: conceitos indissociáveis em psicanálise?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ney Klier Padilha Netto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A Psicanálise tem como um de seus operadores centrais uma compreensão inovadora da sexualidade humana. O conceito de pulsão e, em particular, o de pulsão sexual possui lugar de destaque. As determinações e implicações dos remanejamentos sofridos por esse conceito na obra freudiana colocam dificuldades teóricas na questão do sexual e de sua relação com a alteridade. No primeiro dualismo pulsional, a pulsão sexual é força disruptiva, oposta às de autoconservação, por seu caráter desestabilizador para o ego. Com a emergência do conceito de narcisismo, a constituição egoica assume caráter eminentemente sexual, e a oposição entre ego e sexualidade é problematizada. Na segunda teoria das pulsões, fundamentada na contraposição entre Eros e Pulsão de Morte, esta última constitui força destrutiva, cuja natureza, para Freud, não seria sexual. Baseando-nos em Jean Laplanche, discute-se como conciliar os aspectos violentos edisruptivos da sexualidade humana com a dimensão de ligação inerente a Eros.

  3. Cyberbullying em adolescentes brasileiros

    OpenAIRE

    Wendt, Guilherme Welter

    2012-01-01

    O cyberbullying é entendido como uma forma de comportamento agressivo que ocorre através dos meios eletrônicos de interação (computadores, celulares, sites de relacionamento virtual), sendo realizado de maneira intencional por uma pessoa ou grupo contra alguém em situação desigual de poder e, ainda, com dificuldade em se defender. Os estudos disponíveis até o presente momento destacam que o cyberbullying é um fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de sintomas de ansiedade, depressão, ideação s...

  4. Nietzsche em voga

    OpenAIRE

    Borromeu, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    Resumo:Texto publicado em 1941, na revista de orientação católica A Ordem, no Rio de Janeiro. Seu autor considera que Nietzsche teria negado a moral tradicional, concebendo em seu lugar outra, porém imoral e brutal. Acusa o filósofo, por fim, de ser responsável pela Guerra ora e curso na Europa. Abstract:Text published in 1941 in the Catholic orientation magazine, A Ordem, in Rio de Janeiro. The author believes that Nietzsche would have denied traditional morality, conceiving another in it...

  5. Natural Products from Antarctic Colonial Ascidians of the Genera <em>Aplidium> and <em>Synoicum>: Variability and Defensive Role

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conxita Avila

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Ascidians have developed multiple defensive strategies mostly related to physical, nutritional or chemical properties of the tunic. One of such is chemical defense based on secondary metabolites. We analyzed a series of colonial Antarctic ascidians from deep-water collections belonging to the genera <em>Aplidium> and <em>Synoicum> to evaluate the incidence of organic deterrents and their variability. The ether fractions from 15 samples including specimens of the species <em>A.> <em>falklandicum>, <em>A.> <em>fuegiense>, <em>A.> <em>meridianum>, <em>A.> <em>millari> and <em>S.> <em>adareanum> were subjected to feeding assays towards two relevant sympatric predators: the starfish <em>Odontaster> <em>validus>, and the amphipod <em>Cheirimedon> <em>femoratus>. All samples revealed repellency. Nonetheless, some colonies concentrated defensive chemicals in internal body-regions rather than in the tunic. Four ascidian-derived meroterpenoids, rossinones B and the three derivatives 2,3-epoxy-rossinone B, 3-epi-rossinone B, 5,6-epoxy-rossinone B, and the indole alkaloids meridianins A–G, along with other minoritary meridianin compounds were isolated from several samples. Some purified metabolites were tested in feeding assays exhibiting potent unpalatabilities, thus revealing their role in predation avoidance. Ascidian extracts and purified compound-fractions were further assessed in antibacterial tests against a marine Antarctic bacterium. Only the meridianins showed inhibition activity, demonstrating a multifunctional defensive role. According to their occurrence in nature and within our colonial specimens, the possible origin of both types of metabolites is discussed.

  6. In memoriam: Jean Blancou, DVM, 1936-2010. World authority on rabies, historian and former Director General of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Jean-Marie Blancou was born in Bangui on 28 August 1936 and passed away in Paris on 10 November 2010 at the age of 74. After studying at the Pierre de Fermat Lycée in Toulouse, Jean Blancou graduated from the Toulouse Veterinary School in 1960. He continued his studies in tropical veterinary medicine in Paris until 1963, extending his knowledge of immunology, microbiology, biochemistry and zoology, at the Institut Pasteur. He obtained his doctorate in biological sciences at the University of Nancy in 1982. Jean Blancou commenced his career as technical adviser to the Veterinary Services of Ethiopia where he directed a campaign against rinderpest in the south of the county. From 1965 to 1967 he was deputy director of the national veterinary laboratory in Niamey where he was responsible for the diagnosis of animal diseases and the production of veterinary vaccines. In 1967, he moved to the central livestock laboratory in Madagascar, where he commenced research on the diagnosis and control of dermatophilosis, bovine tuberculosis and other bacterial and parasitic diseases. In August 1968 he married Geneviève Orue. In 1975 he was appointed as head of the national veterinary laboratory in Senegal, where he remained until 1977. Initially deputy director, and then director of Research on rabies and wildlife diseases, at the World Health Organization collaborating centre in Nancy, he remained in this position until 1990. Jean Blancou was recognised as a world authority on rabies. He conducted research into the diagnosis, aetiology, epidemiology and control of rabies during his time in Nancy. Between 1988 and 1990, Dr Blancou also headed the animal health and protection department of the Centre national d'études vétérinaires et animales (CNEVA) in Maisons-Alfort. On 1 January 1991, he was appointed director general of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE) and was re-elected in 1995 for a further five-year term, until he

  7. Clinical Relevance of <em>CDH1em> and <em>CDH13em> DNA-Methylation in Serum of Cervical Cancer Patients

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    Günther K. Bonn

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to investigate the DNA-methylation status of <em>E>-cadherin (<em>CDH1em> and <em>H>-cadherin (<em>CDH13em> in serum samples of cervical cancer patients and control patients with no malignant diseases and to evaluate the clinical utility of these markers. DNA-methylation status of <em>CDH1em> and <em>CDH13em> was analyzed by means of MethyLight-technology in serum samples from 49 cervical cancer patients and 40 patients with diseases other than cancer. To compare this methylation analysis with another technique, we analyzed the samples with a denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC PCR-method. The specificity and sensitivity of <em>CDH1em> DNA-methylation measured by MethyLight was 75% and 55%, and for <em>CDH13em> DNA-methylation 95% and 10%. We identified a specificity of 92.5% and a sensitivity of only 27% for the <em>CDH1em> DHPLC-PCR analysis. Multivariate analysis showed that serum <em>CDH1em> methylation-positive patients had a 7.8-fold risk for death (95% CI: 2.2–27.7; <em>p> = 0.001 and a 92.8-fold risk for relapse (95% CI: 3.9–2207.1; <em>p> = 0.005. We concluded that the serological detection of <em>CDH1em> and <em>CDH13em> DNA-hypermethylation is not an ideal diagnostic tool due to low diagnostic specificity and sensitivity. However, it was validated that <em>CDH1em> methylation analysis in serum samples may be of potential use as a prognostic marker for cervical cancer patients.

  8. Fumigant Antifungal Activity of Myrtaceae Essential Oils and Constituents from <em>Leptospermum petersoniiem> against Three <em>Aspergillus> Species

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    Il-Kwon Park

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Commercial plant essential oils obtained from 11 Myrtaceae plant species were tested for their fumigant antifungal activity against <em>Aspergillus ochraceusem>, <em>A. flavusem>, and <em>A. nigerem>. Essential oils extracted from<em> em>Leptospermum> <em>petersonii> at air concentrations of 56 × 10−3 mg/mL and 28 × 10−3 mg/mL completely inhibited the growth of the three <em>Aspergillus> species. However, at an air concentration of 14 × 10−3 mg/mL, inhibition rates of <em>L. petersoniiem> essential oils were reduced to 20.2% and 18.8% in the case of <em>A. flavusem> and <em>A. nigerem>, respectively. The other Myrtaceae essential oils (56 × 10−3 mg/mL only weakly inhibited the fungi or had no detectable affect. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis identified 16 compounds in <em>L. petersoniiem>> em>essential> em>oil.> em>The antifungal activity of the identified compounds was tested individually by using standard or synthesized compounds. Of these, neral and geranial inhibited growth by 100%, at an air concentration of 56 × 10−3 mg/mL, whereas the activity of citronellol was somewhat lover (80%. The other compounds exhibited only moderate or weak antifungal activity. The antifungal activities of blends of constituents identified in <em>L. petersoniiem> oil indicated that neral and geranial were the major contributors to the fumigant and antifungal activities.

  9. Assessment of Genetic Fidelity in <em>Rauvolfia em>s>erpentina em>Plantlets Grown from Synthetic (Encapsulated Seeds Following <em>in Vitroem> Storage at 4 °C

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    Mohammad Anis

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available An efficient method was developed for plant regeneration and establishment from alginate encapsulated synthetic seeds of <em>Rauvolfia serpentinaem>. Synthetic seeds were produced using <em>in vitroem> proliferated microshoots upon complexation of 3% sodium alginate prepared in Llyod and McCown woody plant medium (WPM and 100 mM calcium chloride. Re-growth ability of encapsulated nodal segments was evaluated after storage at 4 °C for 0, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks and compared with non-encapsulated buds. Effects of different media <em>viz>; Murashige and Skoog medium; Lloyd and McCown woody Plant medium, Gamborg’s B5 medium and Schenk and Hildebrandt medium was also investigated for conversion into plantlets. The maximum frequency of conversion into plantlets from encapsulated nodal segments stored at 4 °C for 4 weeks was achieved on woody plant medium supplement with 5.0 μM BA and 1.0 μM NAA. Rooting in plantlets was achieved in half-strength Murashige and Skoog liquid medium containing 0.5 μM indole-3-acetic acid (IAA on filter paper bridges. Plantlets obtained from stored synseeds were hardened, established successfully <em>ex vitroem> and were morphologically similar to each other as well as their mother plant. The genetic fidelity of <em>Rauvolfia em>clones raised from synthetic seeds following four weeks of storage at 4 °C were assessed by using random amplified polymorphic<em> em>DNA (RAPD and inter-simple sequence repeat<em> em>(ISSR markers. All the RAPD and ISSR profiles from generated plantlets were monomorphic and comparable<em> em>to the mother plant, which confirms the genetic<em> em>stability among the clones. This synseed protocol could be useful for establishing a particular system for conservation, short-term storage and production of genetically identical and stable plants before it is released for commercial purposes.

  10. The EM Earthquake Precursor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, K. B., II; Saxton, P. T.

    2013-12-01

    Many attempts have been made to determine a sound forecasting method regarding earthquakes and warn the public in turn. Presently, the animal kingdom leads the precursor list alluding to a transmission related source. By applying the animal-based model to an electromagnetic (EM) wave model, various hypotheses were formed, but the most interesting one required the use of a magnetometer with a differing design and geometry. To date, numerous, high-end magnetometers have been in use in close proximity to fault zones for potential earthquake forecasting; however, something is still amiss. The problem still resides with what exactly is forecastable and the investigating direction of EM. After the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, American earthquake investigators predetermined magnetometer use and a minimum earthquake magnitude necessary for EM detection. This action was set in motion, due to the extensive damage incurred and public outrage concerning earthquake forecasting; however, the magnetometers employed, grounded or buried, are completely subject to static and electric fields and have yet to correlate to an identifiable precursor. Secondly, there is neither a networked array for finding any epicentral locations, nor have there been any attempts to find even one. This methodology needs dismissal, because it is overly complicated, subject to continuous change, and provides no response time. As for the minimum magnitude threshold, which was set at M5, this is simply higher than what modern technological advances have gained. Detection can now be achieved at approximately M1, which greatly improves forecasting chances. A propagating precursor has now been detected in both the field and laboratory. Field antenna testing conducted outside the NE Texas town of Timpson in February, 2013, detected three strong EM sources along with numerous weaker signals. The antenna had mobility, and observations were noted for recurrence, duration, and frequency response. Next, two

  11. Classe social: conceitos e esquemas operacionais em pesquisa em saude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Barradas Barata

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Discute-se a utilização do conceito de classe em pesquisas em saúde, as diferentes abordagens sociológicas de estratificação social e de estrutura de classes, o potencial explicativo do conceito em estudos de determinação social e desigualdades em saúde, os modelos de operacionalização elaborados para uso em pesquisas sociológicas, demográficas ou de saúde e os limites e possibilidades desses modelos. Foram destacados quatro modelos de operacionalização: de Singer para estudo da distribuição de renda no Brasil, adaptado por Barros para uso em pesquisas epidemiológicas; de Bronfman & Tuirán para o censo demográfico mexicano, adaptado por Lombardi et al para pesquisas epidemiológicas; de Goldthorpe para estudos socioeconômicos ingleses, adaptado pela Sociedade Espanhola de Epidemiologia; e o modelo de Wright para pesquisa em sociologia e ciência política, também usado em inquéritos populacionais em saúde. Em conclusão, conceitualmente cada um dos modelos apresentados é coerente com a concepção teórica que os embasam, mas não há como optar por qualquer deles, descartando os demais.

  12. Efecto de extractos vegetales de <em>Polygonum hydropiperoidesem>, <em>Solanum nigrumem> y <em>Calliandra pittieriem> sobre el gusano cogollero (<em>Spodoptera frugiperdaem>

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lizarazo H. Karol

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available

    El gusano cogollero <em>Spodoptera frugiperdaem> es una de las plagas que más afectan los cultivos en la región de Sumapaz (Cundinamarca, Colombia. En la actualidad se controla principalmente aplicando productos de síntesis química, sin embargo la aplicación de extractos vegetales surge como una alternativa de menor impacto sobre el ambiente. Este control se emplea debido a que las plantas contienen metabolitos secundarios que pueden inhibir el desarrollo de los insectos. Por tal motivo, la presente investigación evaluó el efecto insecticida y antialimentario de extractos vegetales de barbasco <em>Polygonum hydropiperoidesem> (Polygonaceae, carbonero <em>Calliandra pittieriem> (Mimosaceae y hierba mora <em>Solanum nigrumem> (Solanaceae sobre larvas de <em>S. frugiperdaem> biotipo maíz. Se estableció una cría masiva del insecto en el laboratorio utilizando una dieta natural con hojas de maíz. Posteriormente se obtuvieron extractos vegetales utilizando solventes de alta polaridad (agua y etanol y media polaridad (diclorometano los cuales se aplicaron sobre las larvas de segundo instar. Los resultados más destacados se presentaron con extractos de <em>P. hydropiperoidesem>, obtenidos con diclorometano en sus diferentes dosis, con los cuales se alcanzó una mortalidad de 100% 12 días después de la aplicación y un efecto antialimentario representado por un consumo de follaje de maíz inferior al 4%, efectos similares a los del testigo comercial (Clorpiriphos.

  13. Poesia em Revista: Oroboro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Alves Gouveia

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-784x.2008v8n12p38 A serpente que engole a si mesma é uma figura curiosa do simbolismo de um processo de contínua transformação, de um movimento circular incessante, rumo à infinitude, sem traços de fim ou começo. Oroboro é um nome de origem grega que remete a esta serpente que se morde e penetra em si mesma ao engolir o próprio rabo. Mas também é o nome da revista de cultura editada em Curitiba pelos artistas-editores Ricardo Corona e Eliana Borges.

  14. Hipervitaminose D em animais

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    Paulo V. Peixoto

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Por meio de revisão da literatura, são apresentados dados referentes ao metabolismo da vitamina D, bem como aos principais aspectos toxicológicos, clínicos, bioquímicos, macroscópicos, microscópicos, ultraestruturais, imuno-histoquímicos e radiográficos de animais intoxicados natural e experimentalmente por essa vitamina, em diferentes espécies. Este estudo objetiva demonstrar a existência de muitas lacunas no conhecimento sobre mineralização fisiológica e patológica, em especial na mediação hormonal do fenômeno, bem como alertar para os riscos de ocorrência dessa intoxicação.

  15. A democracia em Cuba

    OpenAIRE

    Zaldívar, Julio César Guanche

    2011-01-01

    O triunfo revolucionário de 1959 consagrou em Cuba um novo conceito de democracia, com o intuito de garantir o acesso à vida política ativa de grandes setores da população, antes excluídos. Para isso, foi desenvolvida uma política de inclusão social com caráter universal. A prática política popular deixou as riquezas do país em mãos da população carente e gerou uma grande mobilidade social, fato que foi central para o aumento da participação popular. O contexto de agressão imperialista e o pr...

  16. Tuberculose Infantil em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carapau, João

    2014-01-01

    Dos números recentemente publicados pela Direcção Geral da Saúde / Núcleo de Tuberculose e Doenças Respiratórias relativos aos anos de 1992 e 1993 e pelo Instituto Nacional de Estatística relativos a 1994, conclui-se que os casos de Tuberculose (TB) notificados pouco têm decrescido nos últimos 15 anos: descida média anual de 6,3% para os casos em geral e 14% para os menores de 15 anos; a taxa global de incidência apurada em 1994 voltou a subir — 51,1 (52,4 no Continente). Para o autor a me...

  17. Universidade em ruinas?

    OpenAIRE

    Katuta, Ângela Massumi; UEL/CCE/Departamento de Geociências

    2010-01-01

    A Universidade, desde as suas origens no século XII, sempre esteve atrelada a instituições e setores hegemônicos da sociedade. Segundo Trindade (2000), a sua “invenção” ocorreu em plena Idade Média na Europa, sob a proteção da Igreja romana, sendo que as Universidades de Bolonha (1108) e Paris (1211) foram as primeiras a serem criadas 

  18. Rapid Development of Microsatellite Markers with 454 Pyrosequencing in a Vulnerable Fish<em>,> the Mottled Skate<em>, Raja em>pulchra>

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung-Ha Kang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The mottled skate, <em>Raja pulchraem>, is an economically valuable fish. However, due to a severe population decline, it is listed as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. To analyze its genetic structure and diversity, microsatellite markers were developed using 454 pyrosequencing. A total of 17,033 reads containing dinucleotide microsatellite repeat units (mean, 487 base pairs were identified from 453,549 reads. Among 32 loci containing more than nine repeat units, 20 primer sets (62% produced strong PCR products, of which 14 were polymorphic. In an analysis of 60 individuals from two <em>R. pulchra em>populations, the number of alleles per locus ranged from 1–10, and the mean allelic richness was 4.7. No linkage disequilibrium was found between any pair of loci, indicating that the markers were independent. The Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium test showed significant deviation in two of the 28 single-loci after sequential Bonferroni’s correction. Using 11 primer sets, cross-species amplification was demonstrated in nine related species from four families within two classes. Among the 11 loci amplified from three other <em>Rajidae> family species; three loci were polymorphic. A monomorphic locus was amplified in all three <em>Rajidae> family species and the <em>Dasyatidae> family. Two <em>Rajidae> polymorphic loci amplified monomorphic target DNAs in four species belonging to the Carcharhiniformes class, and another was polymorphic in two Carcharhiniformes species.

  19. Acarofauna em plantas ornamentais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jania Claudia Camilo dos Santos

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE O cultivo e o comercio de plantas ornamentais vem cada vez mais ganhando espaço no Brasil, pela grande variedade das espécies existentes e exuberância de suas flores, que oferecem uma maior riqueza ao local. Dessa forma, o objetivo desse trabalho foi realizar o levantamento da população de ácaros associados às plantas ornamentais no município de Arapiraca-AL, em função dos diversos problemas acarretados por essa espécie. O levantamento foi realizado entre os meses de abril a março, através de amostragens mensais de folhas coletadas da parte basal, intermediária e apical de plantas existentes em praças e jardins. Foram coletados 55 ácaros pertencentes à ordem Prostigmata em 20 famílias de plantas. As plantas com as maiores riquezas de ácaros foram as Coleus blumei L. e Bxuxus sempervirens L., que apresentaram 65% dos valores amostrais. Analisando-se as coletas realizadas, pode-se observar que houve uma maior incidência populacional de ácaros na coleta do mês de maio, cuja percentagem foi de 36% de ácaros levantados, sendo que no levantamento dos dados amostrais de março a percentagem encontrada foi de 14%, nas amostragens dos meses de abril e junho, a percentagem amostrada dos dados foi de 22 e 28%, respectivamente. O estudo do levantamento de ácaros em plantas ornamentais permitiu observar a relação entre ácaros e a relação com a planta hospedeira, facilitando posteriormente um estudo mais aprofundado sobre plantas hospedeiras, e pode-se observar que em períodos chuvosos ocorre uma menor incidência populacional.

  20. Jean-Baptiste Comby, La Question climatique. Genèse et dépolitisation d’un problème public (Raisons d’Agir, 2015)

    OpenAIRE

    Tasset, Cyprien

    2016-01-01

    Une sociologie de la dépolitisation du changement climatique La radicalité climatique Comment se fait-il que la question du réchauffement climatique, qui est portée à l’attention publique dans les démocraties occidentales depuis de nombreuses années maintenant, n’ait pas abouti à des changements politiques proportionnés à l’extrême gravité que lui prêtent les scientifiques ? Dans La Question climatique, issu d’une thèse en information-communication soutenue en 2008, Jean-Baptiste Comby propos...

  1. Aproximación a la noción de mujer-objeto. Consideraciones entre las teorías feministas y la teoría del intercambio simbólico de Jean Baudrillard.

    OpenAIRE

    Bernal Mancilla, Johanna Andrea

    2014-01-01

    El propósito del presente texto es problematizar la noción de mujer-objeto bajo la perspectiva de las teorías feministas y los trabajos de Jean Baudrillard. Esto con el fin de mostrar que en los tres modos de producción como son el intercambio primitivo, el capitalismo y el post-fordismo, se identifican diferentes procesos de simbolización –prácticas y relaciones sociales– que son agenciados por la mujer durante los intercambios. Agenciamientos que demuestran como la definición economicista ...

  2. Commitment, Conscience or Compromise: The Changing Financial Basis and Evolving Role of Christian Health Services in Developing Countries. Peter Rookes and Jean Rookes. Saarbrücken, Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing; 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathew Santhosh Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The book “Commitment, conscience or compromise: the changing financial basis and evolving role of Christian health services in developing countries” is an excellent research document converted into a book by the researchers Peter and Jean Rookes. The authors had years of experience, working in a developing world Christian health care services context and prior to this in academics and health service management. This varied and long experience brings a wealth of perspectives and wisdom into this well researched document.

  3. Nomadismos del decir: avatares de la identidad afroantillana en Así habló el tío de Jean Price-Mars y El reino de este mundo de Alejo Carpentier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Novau

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available This work compares convergent axes on Afroantillan culture displayed along So Spoke the Uncle (1928, by Haitian anthropologist Jean Price Mars, and The Kingdom of this World (1949, by Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier. Distinctive narrative mechanisms that turn popular characters into object of knowledge and representations of an African-rooted unique ethnic identity present in each text are focused. From this perspective, it is possible to analyze up to what extent a discursive stance of symbolic legitimation for African cultural traces presence in Cuba and Haiti end up in a resignifying process that tend to homogenize the Afro-Caribbean complex heterogeneity.

  4. Biblical basics of the Holy Family’s dimension of Christian spirituality according to the teaching of God’s Servant Jean Berthier, founder of the Congregation Missionaries of the Holy Family

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Józef Sobczyk

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the biblical basics of the Holy Family’s dimension of Christian spirituality drawn by Jean Berthier shows his impressive knowledge of the Holy Bible. God’ Servant uses many quotations to show biblical grounds for Christ’s imitation according to the pattern of the Holy Family. There are a few virtues of the Holy Family which deserve to be highlighted: trust and obedience to God’s Will, love to God and to neighbor, humility and mortification. Berthier not only enumerates those virtues but also encourages everyone to realize them in everyday life, such as the Holy Family did it.

  5. Application of sol-gel based sensors to environmental monitoring of Mauméjean stained glass windows housed in two different buildings at downtown Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peña-Poza, J.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Degradation of historical stained glass windows is mainly caused by acid attack enhanced by humidity and pollutants. Accordingly, their preventive conservation should include environmental evaluation. Mauméjean’s stained glass windows (c 1940 of two buildings located at downtown Madrid have been monitored by sol-gel sensors of acidity and temperature. The philosophy was the application of innovative glassy sol-gel sensors to assess the conservation conditions of stained glass windows, i.e. modern materials for preservation of historical materials. Conservation conditions (environmental acidity and temperature of restored and non-restored stained glass windows have been recorded throughout 13 months. The main contributing parameter to outdoor acidity is proximity to road traffic, which produces acid species able to diminish two units of pH with respect to neutral conditions. This acid environment affects both sides of stained glass windows, even in those protected with a glazing system, which allows natural ventilation. Other contributing parameters to increase the air acidity were façade orientation, sensor position, distance to pollutants sources, human interaction and uncontrolled ventilation.La degradación de vidrieras históricas se debe fundamentalmente al ataque ácido favorecido por la humedad y los contaminantes. Por tanto, su conservación preventiva debe incluir una evaluación ambiental. Se han evaluado vidrieras de Mauméjean (c 1940 de dos edificios del centro de Madrid mediante sensores sol-gel de acidez y de temperatura. La filosofía consistió en aplicar dichos sensores basados en materiales vítreos para tasar las condiciones de conservación de vidrieras del patrimonio, es decir materiales modernos para la preservación de materiales históricos. Las condiciones de conservación (acidez ambiental y temperatura de vidrieras restauradas y no restauradas se han registrado durante 13 meses. El principal parámetro que

  6. Thermal evolution of magma reservoirs in the shallow crust and incidence on magma differentiation: the St-Jean-du-Doigt layered intrusion (Brittany, France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barboni, M.; Bussy, F.; Ovtcharova, M.; Schoene, B.

    2009-12-01

    Understanding the emplacement and growth of intrusive bodies in terms of mechanism, duration, thermal evolution and rates are fundamental aspects of crustal evolution. Recent studies show that many plutons grow in several Ma by in situ accretion of discrete magma pulses, which constitute small-scale magmatic reservoirs. The residence time of magmas, and hence their capacities to interact and differentiate, are controlled by the local thermal environment. The latter is highly dependant on 1) the emplacement depth, 2) the magmas and country rock composition, 3) the country rock thermal conductivity, 4) the rate of magma injection and 5) the geometry of the intrusion. In shallow level plutons, where magmas solidify quickly, evidence for magma mixing and/or differentiation processes is considered by many authors to be inherited from deeper levels. We show however that in-situ differentiation and magma interactions occurred within basaltic and felsic sills at shallow depth (0.3 GPa) in the St-Jean-du-Doigt bimodal intrusion, France. Field evidence coupled to high precision zircon U-Pb dating document progressive thermal maturation within the incrementally built laccolith. Early m-thick mafic sills are homogeneous and fine-grained with planar contacts with neighbouring felsic sills; within a minimal 0.5 Ma time span, the system gets warmer, adjacent sills interact and mingle, and mafic sills are differentiating in the top 40 cm of the layer. Rheological and thermal modelling show that observed in-situ differentiation-accumulation processes may be achieved in less than 10 years at shallow depth, provided that (1) the differentiating sills are injected beneath consolidated, yet still warm basalt sills, which act as low conductive insulating screens, (2) the early mafic sills accreted under the roof of the laccolith as a 100m thick top layer within 0.5 My, and (3) subsequent and sustained magmatic activity occurred on a short time scale (years) at an injection rate of ca. 0

  7. ACTIONS COMBINATOIRES DE L’ADJECTIF QUALIFICATIF ET DE L’ADVERBE DANS L’ECRITURE DU REFUS DE JEAN-ADIAFFI / COMBINATORIAL ACTIONS OF THE ADJECTIVE AND ADVERB IN WRITING THE REFUSAL OF JEAN-MARIE ADIAFFI / ACŢIUNILE COMBINATORICE ALE ADJECTIVULUI ŞI ADVERBULUI ÎN ELABORAREA SCRIERII REFUZULUI LA JEANMARIE ADIAFFI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao Kouadio Jean

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available L’adjectif qualificatif et l’adverbe ont permis à Jean-Marie ADIAFFI d’asseoir l’écriture du refus qui vise l’affranchissement de la rigidité de la littérature française. En retour, le bossonnisme (le goût du sacré, le dadaïsme, le symbolisme sont les tremplins de l’affirmation de la raison et du sens de créativité du Négro-Africain. L’auteur met au cœur de esthétique littéraire négro-africaine qu’il projette le sacré, générateur de la créativité et du génie du négro-Africain. Alors, la liberté d’écriture est le leitmotiv de l’écrivain noir. Dès lors, il met en œuvre son esprit de créativité et sa spontanéité.

  8. How <em>Varroa> Parasitism Affects the Immunological and Nutritional Status of the Honey Bee, <em>Apis melliferaem>

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    Katherine A. Aronstein

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the effect of the parasitic mite <em>Varroa destructorem> on the immunological and nutritional condition of honey bees, <em>Apis melliferaem>, from the perspective of the individual bee and the colony. Pupae, newly-emerged adults and foraging adults were sampled from honey bee colonies at one site in S. Texas, USA. <em>Varroa>‑infested bees displayed elevated titer of Deformed Wing Virus (DWV, suggestive of depressed capacity to limit viral replication. Expression of genes coding three anti-microbial peptides (<em>defensin1, abaecin, hymenoptaecinem> was either not significantly different between <em>Varroa>-infested and uninfested bees or was significantly elevated in <em>Varroa>-infested bees, varying with sampling date and bee developmental age. The effect of <em>Varroa> on nutritional indices of the bees was complex, with protein, triglyceride, glycogen and sugar levels strongly influenced by life-stage of the bee and individual colony. Protein content was depressed and free amino acid content elevated in <em>Varroa>-infested pupae, suggesting that protein synthesis, and consequently growth, may be limited in these insects. No simple relationship between the values of nutritional and immune-related indices was observed, and colony-scale effects were indicated by the reduced weight of pupae in colonies with high <em>Varroa> abundance, irrespective of whether the individual pupa bore <em>Varroa>.

  9. Formative Assessment Probes: Wet Jeans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeley, Page

    2015-01-01

    Picture a wet towel or a puddle of water on a hot, sunny day. An hour later, the towel is dry and the puddle no longer exists. What happened to the water? Where did it go? These are questions that reveal myriad interesting student ideas about evaporation and the water cycle--ideas that provide teachers with a treasure trove of data they can use to…

  10. Synthesis and Spectroscopic Analysis of Novel 1<em>H-Benzo[d>]imidazoles Phenyl Sulfonylpiperazines

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    Amjad M. Qandil

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A group of benzimidazole analogs of sildenafil, 3-benzimidazolyl-4-methoxy-phenylsulfonylpiperazines 2–4 and 3-benzimidazolyl-4-methoxy-<em>N,N>-dimethyl- benzenesulfonamide (5, were efficiently synthesized. Compounds 2–5 were characterized by NMR and MS and contrary to the reported mass spectra of sildenafil, the spectra of the piperazine-containing compounds 2–4 showed a novel fragmentation pattern leading to an <em>m/z> = 316. A mechanism for the formation of this fragment was proposed.

  11. Anestesia Diploica em Endodontia

    OpenAIRE

    Macedo, Ricardo Ribeiro Veiga de

    2013-01-01

    Trabalho final do 5º ano com vista à atribuição do grau de mestre no âmbito do ciclo de estudos de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Dentária apresentado à Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Coimbra. Objetivos Comparar a eficácia das técnicas de anestesia convencionais, a anestesia infiltrativa periapical, com a anestesia diploica. Metodologia Foram selecionados 32 voluntários, saudáveis, aos quais foram administradas ambas as técnicas anestésicas no dente 1.4. Numa primeira fase os...

  12. Burnout em Cuidadores Formais

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Juliana Marisa Fernandes

    2016-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Psicologia, ramo de Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde Este estudo é sobre a Síndrome de Burnout e teve como objetivo geral compreender se o Burnout está presente nos cuidadores formais da Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Castelo de Paiva e quais as variáveis socioprofissionais que poderão exercer influência no seu aparecimento. Pretendeu-se avaliar o Burnout dos cuidadores a tr...

  13. Antioxidant Profile of <em>Trifolium pratenseem> L.

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    Heidy Schwartsova

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to examine the antioxidant properties of five different extracts of <em>Trifolium pratenseem> L. (Leguminosae leaves, various assays which measure free radical scavenging ability were carried out: 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, hydroxyl, superoxide anion and nitric oxide radical scavenger capacity tests and lipid peroxidation assay. In all of the tests, only the H2O and (to some extent the EtOAc extracts showed a potent antioxidant effect compared with BHT and BHA, well-known synthetic antioxidants. In addition, <em>in vivo em>experiments were conducted with antioxidant systems (activities of GSHPx, GSHR, Px, CAT, XOD, GSH content and intensity of LPx in liver homogenate and blood of mice after their treatment with extracts of <em>T. pratenseem> leaves, or in combination with CCl4. Besides, in the extracts examined the total phenolic and flavonoid amounts were also determined, together with presence of the selected flavonoids: quercetin, luteolin, apigenin, naringenin and kaempferol, which were studied using a HPLC-DAD technique. HPLC-DAD analysis showed a noticeable content of natural products according to which the examined <em>Trifolium pratenseem> species could well be regarded as a promising new source of bioactive natural compounds, which can be used both as a food supplement and a remedy.

  14. Proximate Composition, Nutritional Attributes and Mineral Composition of <em>Peperomia> <em>pellucida> L. (Ketumpangan Air Grown in Malaysia

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    Maznah Ismail

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the proximate and mineral composition of <em>Peperomia> <em>pellucida> L., an underexploited weed plant in Malaysia. Proximate analysis was performed using standard AOAC methods and mineral contents were determined using atomic absorption spectrometry. The results indicated <em>Peperomia> <em>pellucida> to be rich in crude protein, carbohydrate and total ash contents. The high amount of total ash (31.22% suggests a high-value mineral composition comprising potassium, calcium and iron as the main elements. The present study inferred that <em>Peperomia> <em>pellucida> would serve as a good source of protein and energy as well as micronutrients in the form of a leafy vegetable for human consumption.

  15. O insight em psiquiatria

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    Ana Margarida P. Cardoso

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O sinal de que algo está a acontecer contribui para que o paciente reconheça que alguma coisa de estranho se está a passar consigo. Este reconhecimento faz com que o sujeito possa desempenhar uma função activa e seja um elemento colaborante do seu processo de recuperação. Cada doença apresenta, contudo, diferentes sintomas, uma vez que cada doença psiquiátrica consiste em diferentes perturbações com diversos efeitos sobre o funcionamento mental. Desta maneira, o fenómeno do insight que é registado em cada doença é diferente e expressa-se sob diferentes formas, não somente devido às manifestações clínicas da doença mas também devido às características individuais do sujeito.

  16. Antibioticos profilaticos em neurocirurgia

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    Reynaldo A. Brandt

    1979-03-01

    Full Text Available O índice de infecções pós-operatórias em pacientes neuro-cirúrgicos que receberam antibióticos profiláticos neste período foi comparado com o de pacientes que não receberam antibióticos. Infecções ocorreram em proporções significativamente maiores nos pacientes que receberam antibióticos, particularmente naqueles com afecções intracranianas graves; estas infecções foram graves e fatais na maioria dos casos. A administração de antibióticos profiláticos nestes pacientes não só foi incapaz de prevenir o aparecimento de infecções pós-operatórias, como aparentemente favoreceu o seu desenvolvimento. Tal se deveu, provavelmente, à destruição do equilíbrio microbiano no organismo, favorecendo o desenvolvimento de germes patogênicos e resistentes aos antibióticos usuais

  17. A democracia em Cuba

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    Julio César Guanche Zaldívar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O triunfo revolucionário de 1959 consagrou em Cuba um novo conceito de democracia, com o intuito de garantir o acesso à vida política ativa de grandes setores da população, antes excluídos. Para isso, foi desenvolvida uma política de inclusão social com caráter universal. A prática política popular deixou as riquezas do país em mãos da população carente e gerou uma grande mobilidade social, fato que foi central para o aumento da participação popular. O contexto de agressão imperialista e o próprio desenvolvimento do processo produziram a consolidação de noções que limitaram a participação popular: o apogeu da burocracia, a compreensão da unidade como unanimidade e o seguimento, em certa medida, de correntes do marxismo soviético. Os desafios atuais para aprofundar a democracia em Cuba se apresentam em três planos: socializar o poder, promover a sociodiversidade e desenvolver a ideologia revolucionária.El triunfo revolucionario de 1959 consagró en Cuba un nuevo concepto de democracia, basado en garantizar acceso a la vida política activa a grandes sectores poblacionales, antes excluidos de ella. Para ello desarrolló una política de inclusión social con carácter universal. La práctica política popular puso las riquezas del país en manos de los desposeídos y generó gran movilidad social, hecho que resultó clave para el aumento de la participación popular. El contexto de agresión imperialista y el propio desarrollo del proceso produjo el afianzamiento de nociones que limitaron la participación popular: el auge de la burocracia, la comprensión de la unidad como unanimidad y el seguimiento, en parte, de corrientes del marxismo soviético. Los desafíos actuales se presentan en tres planos para profundizar la democracia en Cuba: socializar el poder, promover la sociodiversidad y desarrollar la ideología revolucionaria.The revolutionary triumph of 1959 established in Cuba a new concept of democracy, one that

  18. Identified EM Earthquake Precursors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Kenneth, II; Saxton, Patrick

    2014-05-01

    Many attempts have been made to determine a sound forecasting method regarding earthquakes and warn the public in turn. Presently, the animal kingdom leads the precursor list alluding to a transmission related source. By applying the animal-based model to an electromagnetic (EM) wave model, various hypotheses were formed, but the most interesting one required the use of a magnetometer with a differing design and geometry. To date, numerous, high-end magnetometers have been in use in close proximity to fault zones for potential earthquake forecasting; however, something is still amiss. The problem still resides with what exactly is forecastable and the investigating direction of EM. After a number of custom rock experiments, two hypotheses were formed which could answer the EM wave model. The first hypothesis concerned a sufficient and continuous electron movement either by surface or penetrative flow, and the second regarded a novel approach to radio transmission. Electron flow along fracture surfaces was determined to be inadequate in creating strong EM fields, because rock has a very high electrical resistance making it a high quality insulator. Penetrative flow could not be corroborated as well, because it was discovered that rock was absorbing and confining electrons to a very thin skin depth. Radio wave transmission and detection worked with every single test administered. This hypothesis was reviewed for propagating, long-wave generation with sufficient amplitude, and the capability of penetrating solid rock. Additionally, fracture spaces, either air or ion-filled, can facilitate this concept from great depths and allow for surficial detection. A few propagating precursor signals have been detected in the field occurring with associated phases using custom-built loop antennae. Field testing was conducted in Southern California from 2006-2011, and outside the NE Texas town of Timpson in February, 2013. The antennae have mobility and observations were noted for

  19. Osteoporose em caprinos

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    Fábio B. Rosa

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado um estudo de casos de osteoporose em caprinos provenientes de uma propriedade na área de abrangência do LPV-UFSM, determinando a epidemiologia, o quadro clínico-patológico e discutindo os prováveis mecanismos patogenéticos. Cinco cabras, fêmeas, SRD, de seis meses a seis anos de idade foram afetadas. As cabras eram mantidas em campo nativo, sem suplementação com ração e sob superlotação. Os principais sinais clínicos foram emagrecimento, dificuldade de locomoção e permanência em decúbito por longos períodos. As principais alterações macroscópicas nos ossos examinados foram vistas nas superfícies de corte e caracterizavam-se por depleção do osso esponjoso (porosidade e redução acentuada da espessura do osso cortical. Havia também marcada atrofia serosa da gordura da medula óssea. Microscopicamente, nas regiões avaliadas (úmero proximal, rádio distal, fêmur distal, tíbia proximal e corpos das vértebras lombares foi observada redução moderada a acentuada do número e da espessura das trabéculas ósseas nas epífises e metáfises dos ossos longos e nos corpos vertebrais. Os achados clínico-patológicos indicaram que a osteoporose observada provavelmente foi causada pela desnutrição. As alterações ósseas (diminuição no número e na espessura das trabéculas do osso esponjoso sugerem que ambos os mecanismos, má formação óssea e reabsorção óssea aumentada, contribuíram para a ocorrência de osteoporose nos caprinos deste estudo.

  20. Four Novel Cellulose Synthase (CESA Genes from <em>Birch> (<em>Betula platyphylla em>Suk. Involved in Primary and Secondary Cell Wall Biosynthesis

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    Xuemei Liu

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cellulose synthase (CESA, which is an essential catalyst for the generation of plant cell wall biomass, is mainly encoded by the <em>CesA> gene family that contains ten or more members. In this study; four full-length cDNAs encoding CESA were isolated from<em> Betula platyphyllaem> Suk., which is an important timber species, using RT-PCR combined with the RACE method and were named as <em>BplCesA3em>, <em>−4em>,> −7 em>and> −8em>. These deduced CESAs contained the same typical domains and regions as their <em>Arabidopsis> homologs. The cDNA lengths differed among these four genes, as did the locations of the various protein domains inferred from the deduced amino acid sequences, which shared amino acid sequence identities ranging from only 63.8% to 70.5%. Real-time RT-PCR showed that all four <em>BplCesAs> were expressed at different levels in diverse tissues. Results indicated that BplCESA8 might be involved in secondary cell wall biosynthesis and floral development. BplCESA3 appeared in a unique expression pattern and was possibly involved in primary cell wall biosynthesis and seed development; it might also be related to the homogalacturonan synthesis. BplCESA7 and BplCESA4 may be related to the formation of a cellulose synthase complex and participate mainly in secondary cell wall biosynthesis. The extremely low expression abundance of the four BplCESAs in mature pollen suggested very little involvement of them in mature pollen formation in <em>Betula>. The distinct expression pattern of the four <em>BplCesAs> suggested they might participate in developments of various tissues and that they are possibly controlled by distinct mechanisms in <em>Betula.>

  1. <em>N>-Substituted 5-Chloro-6-phenylpyridazin-3(2<em>H>-ones: Synthesis, Insecticidal Activity Against <em>Plutella xylostella em>(L. and SAR Study

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    Song Yang

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A series of <em>N>-substituted 5-chloro-6-phenylpyridazin-3(2<em>H>-one derivatives were synthesized based on our previous work; all compounds were characterized by spectral data and tested for <em>in vitroem> insecticidal activity against <em>Plutella xylostellaem>. The results showed that the synthesized pyridazin-3(2<em>H>-one compounds possessed good insecticidal activities, especially the compounds 4b, 4d, and 4h which showed > 90% activity at 100 mg/L. The structure-activity relationships (SAR for these compounds were also discussed.

  2. INDICADORES EM SANEAMENTO

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Samuel Alves Barbi; Côrtes, Larissa Silveira; Coelho Netto, Taiana; Freitas Junior, Moacyr Moreira de

    2016-01-01

    Este artigo se propõe a analisar a evolução dos prestadores de serviços de saneamento do estado de MinasGerais entre os anos de 2005 e 2010 com base nos indicadores do Sistema Nacional de Informações em Saneamento(SNIS). Foram definidos parâmetros técnicos para a análise dos indicadores, classificados os resultados como satisfatórios(verdes) ou insatisfatórios (vermelhos). Esta categorização atende a concepção da Regulação Sunshine, trazendo à tona omonitoramento do progresso das ações no set...

  3. Em favor da talassografia

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    Jean-Louis Boudou

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A Talassografia (“descrição do mar” interessa-sepelos impactos físicos, biológicos, ecológicos... culturais da violenta antropização dos ambientes costeiros (oceânicos e continentais, caracterizados pelaexigüidade, vulnerabilidade, fragilidade e plasticidade. Como o Brasil é um “país marítimo”, os geó-grafos (os talassógrafos brasileiros são convidadosa intensificar suas pesquisas nas áreas costeiras e acriar novas estruturas para divulgá-las: Revista, Encontros, Associação, Pós-Graduação... tudo em prolda talassografia.

  4. Cuidado transpessoal em enfermagem: uma análise pautada em modelo conceitual Cuidado transpersonal en enfermería: un análisis pautado en modelo conceptual Transpersonal caring in nursing: an analysis grounded in a conceptual model

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    Luciane Favero

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudo teórico que objetivou analisar os atributos, antecedentes e consequências do conceito cuidado transpessoal, mediante utilização do Modelo de Análise de Conceito. Para isso, elencaram-se livros publicados pela teórica Jean Watson, em português e em inglês, no período de 1979 a 2012. Cumpridos os critérios de inclusão, permaneceram seis obras literárias. Os antecedentes mais citados foram o momento de cuidado e a intenção em estar na relação. Os atributos mais presentes foram a intersubjetividade e as relações entre os envolvidos no processo. Com relação às consequências, o fato de o cuidado transpessoal propiciar restauração/reconstituição (healing foi o elemento mais presente. O estudo possibilitou constatar ínfimas alterações na definição do conceito com o passar dos anos e das publicações da teórica. Assim, analisar os atributos, os antecedentes e as consequências do conceito propiciou melhor entendimento deste e compreensão da sua importância na Teoria do Cuidado Humano proposta pela teórica americana.Estudio teórico objetivando analizar los atributos, antecedentes y consecuencias del concepto de cuidado transpersonal, utilizando el Modelo de Análisis de Concepto. Se seleccionaron libros de la teórica Jean Watson, en portugués e inglés, escritos entre 1979 y 2012. Cumplidos los criterios de inclusión, se trabajó con 6 obras literarias. Los antecedentes más citados fueron el momento de cuidado y la intención de relacionarse. Los atributos más presentes fueron la inter-subjetividad y las relaciones involucradas en el proceso. Respecto a consecuencias, el hecho de que el cuidado transpersonal favorezca la restauración/reconstitución (healing fue el elemento más expresado. Fue posible constatar ínfimas alteraciones en la definición del concepto al pasar de los años según las publicaciones de la teórica. En conclusión, analizar los atributos, antecedentes y consecuencias del concepto

  5. In memoriam:Jean Blancou, DVM, 1936-2010. World authority on rabies, historian and former Director General of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE

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    Anon.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Chevalier de la Légion d’honneurChevalier de l’Ordre national du mérite agricoleCommandeur de l’Ordre national du mérite agricoleCorresponding member of the Argentinean Academy of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine Docteur honoris causa, Liege University (Belgium Foreign member of the Royal Belgian Academy of Agriculture Foreign member of the Russian Academy of Agronomic Sciences Honorary Director General of the OIEHonorary Member of the British Veterinary AssociationMédaille d’honneur, CNEVAMember and previous President of the French Veterinary Academy Member of the Academy of Sciences of Overseas TerritoriesPrix Trasbot, Académie vétérinaire de France, 1980Vice President of the Société française d’histoire de la médecine et des sciences vétérinairese Jean-Marie Blancou was born in Bangui on 28 August 1936 and passed away in Paris on 10 November 2010 at the age of 74. After studying at the Pierre de Fermat Lycée in Toulouse, Jean Blancou graduated from the Toulouse Veterinary School in 1960. He continued his studies in tropical veterinary medicine in Paris until 1963, extending his knowledge of immunology, microbiology, biochemistry and zoology, at the Institut Pasteur. He obtained his doctorate in biological sciences at the University of Nancy in 1982.Jean Blancou commenced his career as technical adviser to the Veterinary Services of Ethiopia where he directed a campaign against rinderpest in the south of the county. From 1965 to 1967 he was deputy director of the national veterinary laboratory in Niamey where he was responsible for the diagnosis of animal diseases and the production of veterinary vaccines.In 1967, he moved to the central livestock laboratory in Madagascar, where he commenced research on the diagnosis and control of dermatophilosis, bovine tuberculosis and other bacterial and parasitic diseases.In August 1968 he married Geneviève Orue.In 1975 he was appointed as head of the national veterinary

  6. INFLUÊNCIA ESTOICA NA CONCEPÇÃO DE <em>STATUS> E <em>DICTUM> COMO <em> QUASI RES EM> (ὡσανεì τινά EM ABERLARDO STOIC INFLUENCE IN ABELARD'S CONCEPTION OF <em>STATUS> AND <em>DICTUM> AS <em>QUASI RESem> (ὡσανεì τινά.

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    Guy Hamelin

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Na sua obra, Pedro Abelardo (1079-1142 destaca duas noções metafísicas que fundamentam sua teoria lógica: o <em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">statusem> e o <em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">dictum propositionisem>, ao causar, respectivamente, a imposição (<em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">impositioem> dos termos universais e o valor de verdade das proposições. Trata-se de expressões que se referem a naturezas ontológicas peculiares, na medida em que não são consideradas coisas (<em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">resem>, mesmo que constituem causas. Todavia, também não são nada. Abelardo as chama de ‘quase coisas’ (<em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">quasi resem>. No presente artigo, explicamos, primeiro, essas duas noções essenciais da lógica abelardiana, antes de tentar, em seguida, encontrar a fonte dessa metafísica particular. Em oposição a comentadores importantes da lógica de Abelardo, que estimam que haja uma forte influência platônica sobre essa concepção específica, defendemos antes, com apoio de textos significativos e de acordo com o nominalismo abelardiano, que a maior ascendência sobre a metafísica do nosso autor é a do estoicismo, sobretudo, antigo.In his work, Peter Abelard (1079-1142 highlights two metaphysical notions, which sustain his logical theory: the <em>status> and the <em>dictum propositionisem>, causing respectively both the imposition (<em>impositio> of universal terms and the thuth-value of propositions. Both expressions refer to peculiar ontological natures, in so far as they are not considered things (<em>res>, even if they constitute causes. Nevertheless, neither are they ‘nothing’. Abelard calls them ‘quasi-things’ (<em>quasi resem>. In the present article, we expound first these two essential notions of Abelardian logic before then trying to find the source of this particular metaphysics. Contrary to some important

  7. Ploidia de DNA em astrocitomas: estudo em 66 pacientes brasileiros

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    KRUTMAN-ZVEIBIL DEBORAH

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A determinação do conteúdo de DNA nuclear (fração de fase S e ploidia de DNA foi realizada por meio de análise de imagem em 66 astrocitomas, a partir de material fixado em formalina e seccionado em cortes de 5 micrômetros corados pela técnica de Feulgen. Nossos resultados mostraram forte relação entre a idade do paciente, grau histológico e sobrevida , com a ploidia de DNA e o percentual de células em fase de síntese. A análise da atividade proliferativa de astrocitomas intracranianos é a nosso ver muito útil no entendimento do comportamento biológico , do prognóstico e para o planejamento terapêutico dessas lesões.

  8. Pensamento centrado da maioria nômica em Fahrenheit 451: conceitos de Piaget e Moscovici na obra de Ray Bradbury

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    Mariana Costa Nascimento

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A impressão de livros proporcionou o avanço e quebra de fronteiras, em decorrência de sua circulação mundial advindas da expansão do comércio entre Europa e Ásia. Além disso, repercutiu em mudanças cognitivas, sociais e afetivas para os povos de todo o mundo. O impresso, desde a sua origem passou a ser o novo condutor de ideias. Devido a propagação de crenças e valores, os livros passaram a ser proibidos e queimados em vários países ditatoriais, visto que os impressos poderiam corromper a base social e moral da sociedade. Esse contexto pode ser observado na obra Fahrenheit 451 de Ruy Bradbury. O enredo narra a história de uma cidade em que os livros eram proibidos e como consequência queimados pelos bombeiros que executavam exclusivamente esse ofício. Partindo dessa obra procurou-se convergir os escritos de Bradbury com os conceitos de Jean Piaget e Sergi Moscovici. Os resultados indicam que a articulação entre os autores foi possível, pois a obra Fahrenheit 451 aborda aspectos psicossociais, pertinentes ao desenvolvimento individual e a relação dos grupos sociais formados pelos personagens da literatura. Além disso, a obra problematiza o papel do professor em sala de aula, visto que ao selecionar determinado autor e consequentemente excluir outros, o docente está “queimando” os demais escritores.

  9. Busca de estruturas em grandes escalas em altos redshifts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boris, N. V.; Sodré, L., Jr.; Cypriano, E.

    2003-08-01

    A busca por estruturas em grandes escalas (aglomerados de galáxias, por exemplo) é um ativo tópico de pesquisas hoje em dia, pois a detecção de um único aglomerado em altos redshifts pode por vínculos fortes sobre os modelos cosmológicos. Neste projeto estamos fazendo uma busca de estruturas distantes em campos contendo pares de quasares próximos entre si em z Â3 0.9. Os pares de quasares foram extraídos do catálogo de Véron-Cetty & Véron (2001) e estão sendo observados com os telescópios: 2,2m da University of Hawaii (UH), 2,5m do Observatório de Las Campanas e com o GEMINI. Apresentamos aqui a análise preliminar de um par de quasares observado nos filtros i'(7800 Å) e z'(9500 Å) com o GEMINI. A cor (i'-z') mostrou-se útil para detectar objetos "early-type" em redshifts menores que 1.1. No estudo do par 131046+0006/J131055+0008, com redshift ~ 0.9, o uso deste método possibilitou a detecção de sete objetos candidatos a galáxias "early-type". Num mapa da distribuição projetada dos objetos para 22 escala. Um outro argumento em favor dessa hipótese é que eles obedecem uma relação do tipo Kormendy (raio equivalente X brilho superficial dentro desse raio), como a apresentada pelas galáxias elípticas em z = 0.

  10. Extraction of Dihydroquercetin<em> em>from <em>Larix gmeliniem>i> em>with Ultrasound-Assisted and Microwave-Assisted Alternant Digestion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuangang Zu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available An ultrasound and microwave assisted alternant extraction method (UMAE was applied for extracting dihydroquercetin (DHQ from <em>Larix gmeliniem>i> wood. This investigation was conducted using 60% ethanol as solvent, 1:12 solid to liquid ratio, and 3 h soaking time. The optimum treatment time was ultrasound 40 min, microwave 20 min, respectively, and the extraction was performed once. Under the optimized conditions, satisfactory extraction yield of the target analyte was obtained. Relative to ultrasound-assisted or microwave-assisted method, the proposed approach provides higher extraction yield. The effect of DHQ of different concentrations and synthetic antioxidants on oxidative stability in soy bean oil stored for 20 days at different temperatures (25 °C and 60 °C was compared. DHQ was more effective in restraining soy bean oil oxidation, and a dose-response relationship was observed. The antioxidant activity of DHQ was a little stronger than that of BHA and BHT. Soy bean oil supplemented with 0.08 mg/g DHQ exhibited favorable antioxidant effects and is preferable for effectively avoiding oxidation. The <em>L. gmeliniiem> wood samples before and after extraction were characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the UMAE method is a simple and efficient technique for sample preparation.

  11. Preferencia alimenticia del ácaro depredador <em>Balaustium> sp. en condiciones controladas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muñoz Karen

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Se evaluó la preferencia de presas de <em>Balaustium> sp., enemigo natural de diferentes artrópodos plaga, y el cual es nativo de la Sabana de Bogotá. En unidades experimentales construidas con foliolos de plantas de rosa se colocaron independientemente individuos de <em>Balaustium> sp. y se registró el número de presas consumidas. De esta manera se determinó la preferencia de los tres estados móviles del ácaro depredador <em>Balaustium> sp. por diferentes edades de tres presas. Las especies y edades de las presas estudiadas fueron: huevos, ninfas y adultos de <em>Trialeurodes vaporariorumem>, huevos, ninfas y adultos de <em>Tetranychus urticaeem>, y larvas de primer y segundo instar y adultos de <em>Frankliniella occidentalisem>. Los estados menos desarrollados fueron preferidos, aunque se observó que los adultos del depredador tienen gran habilidad para consumir adultos de <em>T. vaporariorumem>. La presa preferida por las larvas de <em>Balaustium> sp. fue los huevos de <em>T. urticaeem> con una proporción de consumo de 0,54 de los huevos que se ofrecieron de esta presa; las deutoninfas del depredador eligieron huevos de <em>T. vaporariorumem> (0,537 o de <em>T. urticaeem> (0,497 y los adultos de <em>Balaustium> sp. prefrieron los huevos de <em>T. vaporariorumem> (0,588.

  12. Conjuntivite em animais de companhia

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Mariana Inês Pereira Coelho

    2015-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária, Ciências Veterinárias A conjuntivite é a doença ocular mais frequentemente diagnosticada em Medicina Veterinária, tanto em cães como em gatos. O facto de a conjuntiva ser uma membrana mucosa tão exposta a agentes externos faz com que esteja bastante suscetível a sofrer lesões, com consequente inflamação. Nesta dissertação abordam-se os diferentes tipos de conjuntivite, que são classificados de acordo com a sua etiologia. No Hospita...

  13. Conhecimento e interesse em economia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Antonio de Paula

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo argumenta em favor da necessidade de preservar o pluralismo em economia. Discute: i a natureza do conhecimento e de sua produção; ii as especificidades da produção do conhecimento em economia e os condicionamentos histórico-culturais do conhecimento; iii as implicações da hegemonia de certa concepção de método em economia.The article argues the need to preserve the pluralism in economics. The article examines: i the nature of the knowledge and of its production; ii the specificity of the knowledge production in economics and the historical and cultural conditionings of the knowledge; iii the implications of the hegemony of a certain methodological conception in economics.

  14. Signatures of the Invisible at the Centre d'Art Contemporain, Geneva, 7 February - 12 May 2002. The multimedia artist Sylvie Blocher chats with Jean-Pierre Merlo (left) and Philippe Charpentier, two of the physicists from CERN she interviewed for her video.

    CERN Document Server

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Signatures of the Invisible at the Centre d'Art Contemporain, Geneva, 7 February - 12 May 2002. The multimedia artist Sylvie Blocher chats with Jean-Pierre Merlo (left) and Philippe Charpentier, two of the physicists from CERN she interviewed for her video.

  15. Signature of MoU between CERN and Australian Collaboration for Accelerator Science (ACAS); Roger Rassool, ACAS Director; Mark Boland, ACAS Deputy Director; Jean-Pierre Delahaye, CLIC Project Leader; in the presence of Rolf Heuer, Director-General and Emmanuel Tsesmelis, Adviser for Australia

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    Signature of MoU between CERN and Australian Collaboration for Accelerator Science (ACAS); Roger Rassool, ACAS Director; Mark Boland, ACAS Deputy Director; Jean-Pierre Delahaye, CLIC Project Leader; in the presence of Rolf Heuer, Director-General and Emmanuel Tsesmelis, Adviser for Australia

  16. “The Shame of the Nation”: The Force of Re-Enslavement and the Law of “Slavery” under the Regime of Jean-Louis Ferrand in Santo Domingo, 1804-1809

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham Nessler

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available From 1804 to 1809, the slaveholding Napoleonic regime of General Jean-Louis Ferrand attempted to erase the gains of the era of French Republican emancipation (1793-1802 by re-enslaving thousands of individuals in Santo Domingo (modern Dominican Republic. This article examines the aims and methods of the Ferrand regime, situating it within the contexts of the birth of independent Haiti and the resurgence of institutionalized racism and slavery in the French world. Using governmental correspondence, notarial acts, and other sources, I argue that those targeted by Ferrand’s racist laws and efforts to re-impose slavery devised innovative means of carving out their own versions of freedom. The article centers on the ways in which “slaves” and colonial officials negotiated the meanings of slavery in a context in which the institution’s legality was unclear.

  17. Mary Wollstonecraft polemic with the views of Jean J. Rousseau on the upbringing and education of women [Polemika Mary Wollstonecraft z poglądami Jeana J. Rousseau na temat wychowania i edukacji kobiet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka SZCZAP

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the views of Mary Wollstonecraft on the education of women. Her views are the essence of Enlightenment thought. She believedin the power of human reason and the legitimacy of the slogan of the French Revolution. Proposed social reforms based on the ideas of freedom and equality, demanded the granting to women their civil and political rights. Sources of the programme are the theoretical assumptionsand personal experiences of the author. The philosophical foundations of liberalism were inspired by John Locke and the polemic of views on education advocated by Jean J. Rousseau. Rousseau believed that the main task of women is pleasing men, therefore, what should be developed in them are the qualities and habits that are used to achieve this. This postulates that girls and boys were educated in a different way. Wollstonecraft referring to the universality of reason insisted on an egalitarian model of education.

  18. ‘L’anglois a autant de civilité que le hollandois’. Jean Le Clerc, Pieter Burman and the strategic use of stereotypes in the Republic of Letters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Floris Verhaart

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Despite a proclaimed internationalism and open-mindedness, prejudices concerning e.g. religion and national background were common in the early modern Republic of Letters. In fact, stereotypes were often used in debates to undermine the position of one’s opponent. In this article, I will look at a polemic between Jean Le Clerc (1657-1736 and Pieter Burman (1668-1741 about the position of classical scholarship and education at the turn of the eighteenth century. I will employ Bourdieu’s theory of practice to demonstrate how the stereotypes these two scholars use served both to blacken each other and to define themselves and the subject of the debate.

  19. Compte rendu de Juan Carlos Garrot, Jean-Louis Guereña, Mónica Zapata (dir., Figures de la censure dans les mondes hispanique et hispano-américain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilie Mendonça

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Publicada en el 2009, esta compilación prolonga el trabajo llevado a cabo por el grupo de investigación francés CIREMIA (Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche sur l’Education et la Culture dans le Monde Ibérique et Ibéro-Américain en su colección «Études hispaniques», cuyos últimos volúmenes analizaban texto e imagen en el ámbito escolar, literario y cultural. Bajo la coordinación de Juan Carlos Garrot, Jean-Louis Guereña y Mónica Zapata, estas Figures de la censure dans les mondes hispaniq...

  20. Los orígenes filosóficos de la noción de soberanía nacional en el contractualismo político de Thomas Hobbes, John Locke y Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    OpenAIRE

    Vichinkeski Teixeira,Anderson

    2014-01-01

    El artículo examina cómo las proposiciones teóricas de Thomas Hobbes, John Locke y Jean-Jacques Rousseau sobre la función del contrato social han tenido una profunda conexión con la noción de soberanía nacional, desde su fundamentación filosófica hasta sus límites. Para eso, se estudia en los tres filósofos el estado de naturaleza y la concepción de hombre, el proceso de formación del contrato social y la condición del hombre en el Estado, según las formas de Estado y de Gobierno preferidas d...

  1. Compte rendu de Gouanvic (Jean-Marc, Pratique sociale de la traduction. Le roman réaliste américain dans le champ littéraire français (1920-1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Séverine Olivier

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Pratique sociale de la traduction fait suite à l’ouvrage Sociologie de la traduction (1999, dans lequel Jean-Marc Gouanvic analysait l’introduction de la science-fiction américaine dans la France des années 1950 et l’émergence concomitante d’un champ autonome de la science-fiction française. Dans son nouvel opus, Gouanvic se penche sur le genre romanesque réaliste — genre qu’il considère comme dominant en Occident — et plus particulièrement sur la traduction de romans réalistes américains da...

  2. Das leere Zentrum demokratischer Souveränität am Beispiel der Globalisierung des Himmels seit 1783 - Mit einer Darstellung der medienkritischen und medienerzieherischen Perspektive des 'kleinen Mannes' anhand von Jean Pauls Giannozzo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Zolles

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In seinem Beitrag zeichnet Christian Zolles die 'Globalisierung des Himmels seit 1783' nach und versucht anhand der Entwicklungen in der Luftfahrt die Konzepte 'Macht', 'Souveränität' und 'Herrschaft' zu umreißen. So zeigen die frühen Ballonflüge die Grenzen absolutistischer Repräsentationsmacht auf und spiegeln sowohl das neue erhabene Raumbewusstsein als auch den revolutionären Freiheitsdrang des Bürgertums. Gleichzeitig mit dem demokratischen Perspektivenwechsel setzt sich die politische Imagination eines charismatischen 'großen Mannes' durch, der die Vielfalt und Widersprüchlichkeit der Bevölkerungsmenge aufheben und volkssouveräne Tatkraft verkörpern kann. Demgegenüber steht der medienkritische Blick des 'kleinen Mannes' (mit Jean Pauls Luftschifffahrer Giannozzo als Archetyp, der mit dem Verweis auf die Figur des Sprachspielers (Norbert Meder in medienpädagogische Richtung gedeutet wird. In his contribution, Christian Zolles traces the 'globalization of the sky since 1783' and tries to outline the concepts of 'power', 'sovereignty' and 'dominion' on the basis of developments in aviation. Thus, the early balloon flights reveal the boundaries of absolutist representation power and reflect both the new sublime awareness of the space as well as the revolutionary freedom impulse of the bourgeoisie. At the same time, the political imagination of a charismatic 'great man', which undermines the diversity and inconsistency of the population, Sovereign power. On the other hand, the media-critical view of the "little man" (with Jean Paul's airship commander Giannozzo as an archetype is interpreted in the media-pedagogical direction with the reference to the figure of the language player (Norbert Meder.

  3. NATUREZA E TRANSPARÊNCIA EM ROUSSEAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Cunha Bezerra

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the best known and publicized facets of the thought of Jean-Jacques Rousseau is its defense of natural goodness of men and the condemnation of society as a result of a constant removal of the state of nature. Such a pessimistic diagnosis of modern social life is produced primarily in the Discourse on the Sciences and Arts, and later in the Discourse on Inequality. In these works, Rousseau argues about the loss of transparency, honest communication of feelings. In the novel The New Heloïse, in turn, creates a small rural community can gather, through the proper use of reason, that transparency lost.

  4. Activity-Guided Isolation of Antioxidant Compounds from <em>Rhizophora apiculataem>

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongbin Xiao

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available <em>Rhizophora apiculataem> (<em>R. apiculataem> contains an abundance of biologically active compounds due its special salt-tolerant living surroundings. In this study, the total phenolic content and antioxidant activities of various extract and fractions of stem of <em>R. apiculataem> were investigated. Results indicated that butanol fraction possesses the highest total phenolic content (181.84 mg/g GAE/g dry extract with strongest antioxidant abilities. Following <em>in vitroem> antioxidant activity-guided phytochemical separation procedures, lyoniresinol-3α-<em>O>-β-arabinopyranoside (1, lyoniresinol-3α-<em>O>-β-rhamnoside (2, and afzelechin-3-<em>O>-L-rhamno-pyranoside (3 were separated from the butanol fraction. These compounds showed more noticeable antioxidant activity than a BHT standard in the DPPH, ABTS and hydroxyl radical scavenging assays. HPLC analysis results showed that among different plant parts, the highest content of 13 was located in the bark (0.068%, 0.066% and 0.011%, respectively. The results imply that the <em>R. apiculataem> might be a potential source of natural antioxidants and 13 are antioxidant ingredients in <em>R. apiculataem>.

  5. Regional Suppression of <em>Bactrocera> Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae in the Pacific through Biological Control and Prospects for Future Introductions into Other Areas of the World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger I. Vargas

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available <em>Bactrocera> fruit fly species are economically important throughout the Pacific. The USDA, ARS U.S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center has been a world leader in promoting biological control of <em>Bactrocera> spp. that includes classical, augmentative, conservation and IPM approaches. In Hawaii, establishment of <em>Bactrocera> <em>cucurbitae> (Coquillett in 1895 resulted in the introduction of the most successful parasitoid, <em>Psyttalia> <em>fletcheri> (Silvestri; similarly, establishment of <em>Bactrocera> <em>dorsalis> (Hendel in 1945 resulted in the introduction of 32 natural enemies of which <em>Fopius> <em>arisanus> (Sonan, <em>Diachasmimorpha> <em>longicaudata> (Ashmead and <em>Fopius> <em>vandenboschi> (Fullaway were most successful. Hawaii has also been a source of parasitoids for fruit fly control throughout the Pacific region including Australia, Pacific Island Nations, Central and South America, not only for <em>Bactrocera> spp. but also for <em>Ceratitis> and <em>Anastrepha> spp. Most recently, in 2002, <em>F.> <em>arisanus> was introduced into French Polynesia where <em>B.> <em>dorsalis> had invaded in 1996. Establishment of <em>D.> <em>longicaudata> into the new world has been important to augmentative biological control releases against <em>Anastrepha> spp. With the rapid expansion of airline travel and global trade there has been an alarming spread of <em>Bactrocera> spp. into new areas of the world (<em>i.e.>, South America and Africa. Results of studies in Hawaii and French Polynesia, support parasitoid introductions into South America and Africa, where <em>B.> <em>carambolae> and <em>B.> <em>invadens>, respectively, have become established. In addition, <em>P.> <em>fletcheri> is a candidate for biological control of <em>B.> <em>cucurbitae> in Africa. We review past and more

  6. <em>Trichoderma harzianumem> como promotor del crecimiento vegetal del maracuyá (<em>Passiflora edulisem> var. <em>flavicarpa> Degener

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cubillos-Hinojosa Juan

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Se realizó un experimento en condiciones de laboratorio e invernadero, con el propósito de evaluar el efecto de la cepa nativa TCN-014 y la cepa comercial TCC-005 de <em>Trichoderma harzianumem> sobre la germinación y el crecimiento temprano del maracuyá. Se adecuaron inóculos de 104, 106 y 108 conidias/mL para cada cepa y se aplicaron a semillas de maracuyá; se evaluó el número de semillas germinadas durante 15 días; se calculó el porcentaje de germinación, el índice de velocidad de germinación y el tiempo medio de germinación. Posteriormente las semillas germinadas se llevaron a condiciones de invernadero y transcurridos dos meses se midió la altura de las plántulas, el grosor del tallo, el número de hojas, la longitud de la raíz y el peso seco total. Todos los tratamientos estimularon la germinación de las semillas y el desarrollo de las plántulas; sin embargo la cepa nativa en concentraciones 106 y 108 conidias/mL mostró resultados superiores frente a la cepa comercial. Los resultados sugieren una acción efectiva de <em>T. harzianumem> como promotor de crecimiento vegetal, mostrando que tiene potencial para la elaboración de un bioproducto útil para el manejo ecológico del cultivo de maracuyá.

  7. Tratamento da dor em queimados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo José Alencar de Castro

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Apesar dos avanços, ainda é observado manejo analgésico inadequado dos pacientes com queimaduras. O objetivo desta revisão foi coletar dados sobre tratamento da dor em queimados. CONTEÚDO: Foi feita revisão sobre os mecanismos de dor, avaliação do paciente com queimadura e o tratamento farmacológico e não farmacológico. CONCLUSÕES: O manejo da dor em pacientes vítimas de queimaduras ainda é um desafio por parte da equipe multiprofissional. A avaliação frequente e contínua da resposta apresentada pelo paciente é muito importante, tendo em vista os vários momentos por que passa o paciente internado em decorrência de uma queimadura, além de uma terapêutica combinada com medicações analgésicas e medidas não farmacológicas. Entender a complexidade de alterações fisiopatológicas, psicológicas e bioquímicas apresentadas por um paciente em tratamento de queimadura é o primeiro passo para alcançar o sucesso no seu manejo analgésico.

  8. Objetos mediadores em museus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inês Ferreira

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Um museu participativo incentiva a que a experiência da visita seja criativa e pessoal. Facilita a participação biográfica do visitante - com a sua experiência, conhecimento e interesses. Muitas exposições, porém, não promovem esse envolvimento pessoal. Neste artigo apresentamos uma revisão da literatura que indicia que a mediação com objetos mediadores facilita o envolvimento pessoal, a construção de conhecimento e a criatividade. O problema teórico que colocamos é se os museus mais tradicionais se podem abrir à participação e, neste contexto, o nosso objetivo é perceber que papel podem ter os objetos mediadores nesse processo. Discutimos o recurso a objetos mediadores como forma de adicionar múltiplos níveis de relação e modos de ver, potencial que consideramos subaproveitado em muitos museus. Começamos por apresentar o museu como espaço potencialmente participativo, que convida a um envolvimento ativo e crítico – ativo, porque o visitante é desafiado a fazer coisas; crítico, porque é estimulado a pensar, optar, discutir e refletir. Discutimos depois diferentes formas de usar objetos mediadores para incentivar o visitante a um envolvimento com os artefactos, recorrendo à memória, experiência, conhecimento e sentimentos. A participação biográfica potencia o cruzamento entre o mundo interior do visitante e os artefactos e conteúdos do museu. Esse espaço de cruzamento - inbetween - é o espaço da construção de conhecimento. Apresentamos diversas formas de um museu, mesmo não sendo interativo, se tornar mais criativo e participativo, o que pode contribuir para uma mudança nas práticas dos museus, nomeadamente na montagem e remodelação de exposições permanentes.

  9. Acessibilidade web em redes sociais

    OpenAIRE

    Loureiro, Janaína Rolan

    2014-01-01

    A acessibilidade tem sido uma preocupação em diversas áreas nos últimos anos e, em relação à Web, trata-se de um direito garantido por lei às pessoas com deficiência. Muitos estudos visando avaliar e melhorar a Acessibilidade Web foram realizados desde que este direito foi instituído, culminando com o surgimento de tecnologias assistivas, ferramentas de avaliação automatizadas e diretrizes para padronizar o desenvolvimento de sites acessíveis. Porém, alguns domínios ainda c...

  10. Efeito da enxertia em mandioca

    OpenAIRE

    Bomfim, Nayra Nascimento

    2011-01-01

    Enxertos de duas espécies silvestres (M. glaziovii e M. fortalezensis) sobre M. esculenta, mandioca, foram estudados morfologicamente, anatomicamente e citogeneticamente e a fim de se avaliar possíveis efeitos devido à interação entre enxerto e porta-enxerto. Foram feitas análises anatômicas das raízes dos porta-enxertos UnB 201 e UnB 122 (variedades de M. esculenta), em comparação com as variedades não enxertadas. Analisou-se a meiose em enxerto da espécie M. glaziovii que apresentava morfol...

  11. NAVIER-STOKES EM GPU

    OpenAIRE

    ALEX LAIER BORDIGNON

    2006-01-01

    Nesse trabalho, mostramos como simular um fluido em duas dimensões em um domínio com fronteiras arbitrárias. Nosso trabalho é baseado no esquema stable fluids desenvolvido por Joe Stam. A implementação é feita na GPU (Graphics Processing Unit), permitindo velocidade de interação com o fluido. Fazemos uso da linguagem Cg (C for Graphics), desenvolvida pela companhia NVidia. Nossas principais contribuições são o tratamento das múltiplas fronteiras, o...

  12. Factores de risco em implantologia

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Inês Silveira e Luz Nunes de

    2015-01-01

    A Implantologia tem ganho popularidade na medicina dentária pelos resultados previsíveis em reabilitações de áreas edêntulas, permitindo minimizar as consequências funcionais, fonéticas e estéticas que advém da perda de dentes através de uma solução fixa que satizfaz os pacientes. Esta é uma revisão da literatura existente sobre factores de risco, fracassos e complicações inerentes ao tratamento com implantes dentários. Categorizam-se os factores de risco em implantologia co...

  13. Thermal Studies of Zn(II, Cd(II and Hg(II Complexes of Some <em>N-Alkyl-N>-Phenyl-Dithiocarbamates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter A. Ajibade

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The thermal decomposition of Zn(II, Cd(II and Hg(II complexes of <em>N-ethyl-N>-phenyl and <em>N-butyl-N>-phenyl dithiocarbamates have been studied using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC. The products of the decomposition, at two different temperatures, were further characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX. The results show that while the zinc and cadmium complexes undergo decomposition to form metal sulphides, and further undergo oxidation forming metal oxides as final products, the mercury complexes gave unstable volatiles as the final product.

  14. Study of the carbonaceous fraction of the atmospheric aerosol in Chamonix and St Jean de Maurienne: seasonal evolutions, source and chemical characteristics; Etude de la fraction carbonee de l'aerosol atmospherique a Chamonix et St Jean de Maurienne: evolutions saisonnieres, sources et caracteristiques chimiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aymoz, G

    2005-03-15

    The atmospheric aerosols play an important role in the earth climatic system. They are also at the origin of air pollution problems in urban areas. However, their influence on the global climactic change, as well as their chemical properties in urban zone, is still very poorly known. One of the main reasons to that is the lack of information on one of the major components of aerosol, the carbonaceous matter. This work focuses on a better knowledge of this particulate carbonaceous matter. This study presents measurements of carbonaceous matter (OC and EC) in aerosol (PM10) performed within the framework of the program POVA, between February 2001 and June 2003 in Chamonix and St Jean de Maurienne (French Alps). This series represents one of the first of this type for basic sites of alpine valleys, characterized by emissions located in the bottom of the valleys and strong temperature inversions in winter, limiting the dispersion of pollutants. The POVA program, centred on the study of air pollution in these valleys, was proposed following the closing of the 'Tunnel du Mont Blanc', in 1999. One of the main objectives was to evaluate the sources of pollution by particles, in particular the share due to the international heavy duty traffic. We could establish that, on the two sites and while the international heavy duty traffic was not restored in the Chamonix Valley, this source represented approximately a third of the observed mass of particles, and was at the origin of a weaker fraction of the carbonaceous matter mass. The extremely primary character of the carbonaceous matter is a remarkable specificity of our sites. The source of carbonaceous matter represented by light vehicles emissions could not be studied. Then, it appears that combustion of biomass (probably from fireplaces) plays an important role, increased in the case of low temperatures, on the levels of pollution by particles. Lastly, the potential impact of the semi-volatile matter condensation at the low

  15. Study of the carbonaceous fraction of the atmospheric aerosol in Chamonix and St Jean de Maurienne: seasonal evolutions, source and chemical characteristics; Etude de la fraction carbonee de l'aerosol atmospherique a Chamonix et St Jean de Maurienne: evolutions saisonnieres, sources et caracteristiques chimiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aymoz, G.

    2005-03-15

    The atmospheric aerosols play an important role in the earth climatic system. They are also at the origin of air pollution problems in urban areas. However, their influence on the global climactic change, as well as their chemical properties in urban zone, is still very poorly known. One of the main reasons to that is the lack of information on one of the major components of aerosol, the carbonaceous matter. This work focuses on a better knowledge of this particulate carbonaceous matter. This study presents measurements of carbonaceous matter (OC and EC) in aerosol (PM10) performed within the framework of the program POVA, between February 2001 and June 2003 in Chamonix and St Jean de Maurienne (French Alps). This series represents one of the first of this type for basic sites of alpine valleys, characterized by emissions located in the bottom of the valleys and strong temperature inversions in winter, limiting the dispersion of pollutants. The POVA program, centred on the study of air pollution in these valleys, was proposed following the closing of the 'Tunnel du Mont Blanc', in 1999. One of the main objectives was to evaluate the sources of pollution by particles, in particular the share due to the international heavy duty traffic. We could establish that, on the two sites and while the international heavy duty traffic was not restored in the Chamonix Valley, this source represented approximately a third of the observed mass of particles, and was at the origin of a weaker fraction of the carbonaceous matter mass. The extremely primary character of the carbonaceous matter is a remarkable specificity of our sites. The source of carbonaceous matter represented by light vehicles emissions could not be studied. Then, it appears that combustion of biomass (probably from fireplaces) plays an important role, increased in the case of low temperatures, on the levels of pollution by particles. Lastly, the potential impact of the semi-volatile matter condensation

  16. De Piaget a Gilligan: retrospectiva do desenvolvimento moral em psicologia um caminho para o estudo das virtudes

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    Vanessa Aparecida Alves de Lima

    Full Text Available Este artigo é a adaptação de um capítulo da dissertação desenvolvida no Mestrado em Psicologia Escolar e do Desenvolvimento Humano do Instituto de Psicologia da USP. Implica a visitação teórica das obras de Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg e Carol Gilligan sobre o desenvolvimento moral na perspectiva da Psicologia. As teorias são construídas a partir de uma concepção da moralidade por meio de fatores cognitivos e baseados na justiça, na opinião dos dois primeiros autores, até o desenvolvimento da ética do cuidado, na teoria da terceira autora. Tal caminho nos leva inevitavelmente a considerar que diversos elementos, não só a justiça, participam do juízo e da ação moral, entre eles, virtudes como a generosidade.

  17. Evaluation of Antioxidant Activities of Aqueous Extracts and Fractionation of Different Parts of <em>Elsholtzia em>ciliata>

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    Yuangang Zu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidant and free-radical scavenging activity of extract and fractions from various parts of <em>Elsholtzia ciliataem>. The inflorescences, leaves, stems and roots of <em>E. ciliataem> were extracted separately and two phenolic component enrichment methods: ethyl acetate-water liquid-liquid extraction and macroporous resin adsorption-desorption, were adopted in this study. The antioxidant activities of water extracts and fractions of <em>E. ciliataem> were examined using different assay model systems <em>in vitroem>. The fraction root E (purified by HPD300 macroporous resin exhibited the highest total phenolics content (497.2 ± 24.9 mg GAE/g, accompanied with the highest antioxidant activity against various antioxidant systems <em>in vitroem> compared to other fractions. On the basis of the results obtained, <em>E. ciliataem> extracts can be used potentially as a ready accessible and valuable bioactive source of natural antioxidants.

  18. A Novel Apoptosis Correlated Molecule: Expression and Characterization of Protein Latcripin-1 from <em>Lentinula em>edodes> C91–3

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    Min Huang

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available An apoptosis correlated molecule—protein Latcripin-1 of <em>Lentinula> edodesem> C91-3—was expressed and characterized in <em>Pichia pastorisem> GS115. The total RNA was obtained from <em>Lentinula edodesem> C91–3. According to the transcriptome, the full-length gene of Latcripin-1 was isolated with 3'-Full Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends (RACE and 5'-Full RACE methods. The full-length gene was inserted into the secretory expression vector pPIC9K. The protein Latcripin-1 was expressed in <em>Pichia pastorisem> GS115 and analyzed by Sodium Dodecylsulfonate Polyacrylate Gel Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE and Western blot. The Western blot showed that the protein was expressed successfully. The biological function of protein Latcripin-1 on A549 cells was studied with flow cytometry and the 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-Diphenyl-tetrazolium Bromide (MTT method. The toxic effect of protein Latcripin-1 was detected with the MTT method by co-culturing the characterized protein with chick embryo fibroblasts. The MTT assay results showed that there was a great difference between protein Latcripin-1 groups and the control group (<em>p em>< 0.05. There was no toxic effect of the characterized protein on chick embryo fibroblasts. The flow cytometry showed that there was a significant difference between the protein groups of interest and the control group according to apoptosis function (<em>p em>< 0.05. At the same time, cell ultrastructure observed by transmission electron microscopy supported the results of flow cytometry. The work demonstrates that protein Latcripin-1 can induce apoptosis of human lung cancer cells A549 and brings new insights into and advantages to finding anti-tumor proteins.

  19. Action of Chitosan Against <em>Xanthomonas> Pathogenic Bacteria Isolated from <em>Euphorbia pulcherrimaem>

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    Yanli Wang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The antibacterial activity and mechanism of two kinds of chitosan were investigated against twelve <em>Xanthomonas> strains recovered from <em>Euphorbia pulcherrimaem>. Results indicated that both chitosans markedly inhibited bacterial growth based on OD loss. Furthermore, the release of DNA and RNA from three selected strains was increased by both chitosans. However, the release of intracellular proteins was inhibited by both chitosans at different concentration and incubation times, except chitosan A at 0.1 mg/mL for 0.5 h incubation and 0.2 mg/mL for 2.0 h incubation increased the release of proteins, indicating the complexity of the interaction and cell membranes, which was affected by incubation time, bacterial species, chitosan type and concentration. Transmission electron microscopic observations revealed that chitosan caused changes in protoplast concentration and surface morphology. In some cells, the membranes and walls were badly distorted and disrupted, while other cells were enveloped by a thick and compact ribbon-like layer. The contrary influence on cell morphology may explain the differential effect in the release of material. In addition, scanning electron microscope and biofilm formation test revealed that both chitosans removed biofilm biomass. Overall, this study showed that membrane and biofilm play an important role in the antibacterial mechanism of chitosan.

  20. Cooperação versus colaboração: conceitos para o ensino de enfermagem em ambiente virtual Cooperación versus colaboración: conceptos para la enseñanza de enfermería en ambiente virtual Cooperation versus collaboration: concepts for nursing teaching in virtual environment

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    Ana Luísa Petersen Cogo

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo de revisão objetiva apresentar os conceitos de cooperação e colaboração na perspectiva da teoria de Jean Piaget. Sua importância reside no fato da crescente utilização de ambientes virtuais de aprendizagem no ensino de enfermagem, os quais possibilitam o trabalho em grupo e o desenvolvimento de projetos em uma proposta construtivista-interacionista. As relações de trocas sociais ocorrem entre os sujeitos da aprendizagem: a cooperação dá-se quando há construção do conhecimento; e a colaboração; quando existem trocas de pensamentos, como numa comunicação verbal. A compreensão desses conceitos possibilita entender-se qual a dimensão desenvolvida nas atividades pedagógicas de enfermagem propostas em ambiente virtual.Este artículo de revisión objetiva presentar los conceptos de cooperación y colaboración bajo la perspectiva de la teoría de Jean Piaget. Su importancia reside en el hecho de la creciente utilización de ambientes virtuales de aprendizaje en el enseño de enfermería, los cuales posibilitan el trabajo en grupo y el desarrollo de proyectos desde una propuesta constructivista-interaccionista. Las relaciones de intercambios sociales ocurren entre los sujetos del aprendizaje: la cooperación se da cuando hay construcción del conocimiento; ya la colaboración, cuando hay intercambios de pensamientos, como en una comunicación verbal. La comprensión de esos conceptos posibilita entenderse cuál es la dimensión desarrollada en las actividades pedagógicas de enfermería propuestas en ambiente virtual.This paper presents the concepts of cooperation and collaboration in the light of Jean Piaget's theory. The importance of his theory resides in the increasing use of virtual learning environments for nursing teaching; these virtual environments enable group work and the development of projects under a constructivist-interactionist perspective. Social exchange relations take place between learning subjects

  1. Allometric and Isometric variations in the Italian <em>Apodemus sylvaticusem> and <em>Apodemus flavicollisem> with respect to the conditions of allopatry and sympatry / Variazioni allometriche e isometriche in <em>Apodemus sylvaticusem> e <em>Apodemus flavicollisem> italiani, rispetto alle condizioni di allopatria e simpatria

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    Giovanni Amori

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In Italy there are two species of <em>Apodemus> (<em>Sylvaemus>: <em>Apodemus sylvaticusem> on the mainland and the main island, and <em>Apodemus flavicollisem> only on the mainland. The trend of some morphometric characters of the skull (incisive foramen length - FI; interorbital breadth = IO; length of palatal bridge = PP; upper alveolar length = $M^1M^3$ was analized and some theoretical models verified for <em>A. sylvaticusem>. If one considers the sympatric population of <em>A. sylvaticusem> and <em>A. flavicollisem> simultaneously the characters PP, IO and $M^1M^3$ appear significantly isometric being directly correlated ($P leq O.O1$, while FI character results allometric with respect to the previous ones, as expected. If one considers the sympatric populations of each of the species separately, the scenario is different. For <em>A. sylvaticusem> only PP and $M^1M^3$ are isometric ($P leq 0.05$. For <em>A. flavicollisem> only $M^1M^3$ and FI appear to be correlated, although not as significantly as for <em>A. sylvaticusem> ($P le 0.05$; one tail. The insular populations of <em>A. sylvaticusem> do not show significant correlations, except for FI and $M^1M^3$ ($P le 0.05$. On the contrary, considering all populations, sympatric and allopatric, of <em>A. sylvaticusem> at the same time are significant correlations ($P le 0.05$ in all combinations of characters, except for those involving the IO. We suggest that the isometric relations in sympatric assemblages are confined within a morphological range available to the genus <em>Apodemus>. In such a space, the two species are split in two different and innerly homogeneous distributions. We found no evidence to confirm the niche variation hypothesis. On the contrary, the variability expressed as SO or CV's appears higher in the sympatric populations than in the allopatric ones, for three of the four characters, confirming previous results

  2. Low Diversity Bacterial Community and the Trapping Activity of Metabolites from Cultivable Bacteria Species in the Female Reproductive System of the Oriental Fruit Fly, <em>Bactrocera dorsalisem> Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae

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    Hongyu Zhang

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Our goal was to identify the bacteria inhabiting the reproductive system of the female oriental fruit fly, <em>Bactrocera dorsalisem> (Hendel, and evaluate the chemotaxis of <em>B>. <em>dorsalis> to the metabolites produced by the bacteria. Based on 16S rRNA-based polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE, 18 operational taxonomic units (OTUs were assigned to the five bacterial classes <em>Betaproteobacteria>, <em>Alphaproteobacteria>, <em>Gammaproteobacteria>, <em>Bacilli> and <em>Actinobacteria>. Nine OTUs were assigned to <em>Gammaproteobacteria>, which was the most highly represented class. <em>Enterobacteriaceae> constituted the dominant family, and within this family, three genera and five species were identified, including <em>Enterobacter sakazakiiem>, <em>Klebsiella> <em>oxytoca>, <em>Klebsiella> <em>pneumoniae,> Raoultellaem> <em>terrigena em>and <em>Enterobacter> <em>amnigenus>. In this set, the first two species were the dominant components, and the latter three species were the minor ones. Finally, we found that the metabolites produced by <em>R.> terrigenaem>, <em>K. oxytocaem> and <em>K.> pneumoniae em>were attractive to the <em>B.> dorsalisem> adults, and in field studies, <em>B.> dorsalisem> adults were most attracted to <em>K.> oxytocaem>. Collectively, our results suggest that the female reproductive system plays an important role in the transfer of enterobacteria from the gut to fruit. Our data may prompt the development of a female-targeted population control strategy for this fly.

  3. Parasitic zoonoses: survey in foxes (<em>Vulpes vulpesem> in the northern Apennines / Zoonosi parassitarie: indagini in volpi (<em>Vulpes vulpesem> dell'Appennino settentrionale

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    Vittorio Guberti

    1991-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A parasitological survey on 153 foxes was carried out in the northern Apennines, during the period 1984-1987. The following parasites were identified: <em>Toxocara canisem> (46.4%, <em>Taenia> sp. (17%, <em>Uncinaria stenocephalaem> (11.8%, <em>Mesocestoides lineatusem> (11.1%, <em>Ancylostoma caninumem> (3.9%, <em>Taenia hydatigenaem> (3.3%, <em>Trichuris vulpisem> (3.3%, <em>Dipylidium caninumem> (2.6%, <em>Taenia crassicepsem> (2%. All foxes were negative for <em>Trichinella> sp. A statistical analysis was performed to evaluate differences in the parasitic fauna according to the sex and age classes of the hosts. The role that the fox could have as a reservoir of helminthic zoonoses is discussed. The results are compared with those of similar studies carried out in Italy. Riassunto Nel periodo 1984-1987 è stata condotta un'indagine parassitologica su 153 volpi abbattute nell'Appennino romagnolo. Sono stati reperiti i seguenti parassiti: <em>Toxocara canisem> (46,4%, <em>Taenia> sp. (17%, <em>Uncinaria stenocephalaem> (11,8%, <em>Mesocestoides lineatusem> (11,1%, <em>Ancylostoma caninumem> (3,9%, <em>Taenia hydatigenaem> (3,3%, <em>Trichuris vulpisem> (3,3%, <em>Dipylidium caninumem> (2,6%, <em>Taenia crassicepsem> (2%. Tutte le volpi esaminate sono risultate negative per <em>Trichinella> sp. È stata effettuata l'analisi statistica dei dati per evidenziare eventuali differenze della fauna parassitaria in relazione al sesso e all'età delle volpi. Sulla base dei dati ottenuti viene discussa l'importanza che la Volpe può assumere come serbatoio di zoonosi elmintiche. I risultati acquisiti sono inoltre comparati con quelli ottenuti in analoghe ricerche condotte in Italia.

  4. Fatores de risco cardiovascular em alcoolistas em tratamento

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    Mayla Cardoso Fernandes Toffolo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a presença de fatores de risco cardiovascular, com ênfase na hipertensão e na adiposidade corporal, em alcoolistas abstinentes ou não abstinentes em tratamento. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 65 pacientes alcoolistas em tratamento no CAP-Sad. O grau de dependência do álcool foi avaliado pelo SADD (Short Alcohol Dependence Data e o uso de outras drogas, pelo ASSIST (Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. Foram avaliados o perfil bioquímico e o antropométrico dos usuários. RESULTADOS: Participaram do estudo 42 homens e 23 mulheres. A maioria dos participantes (67,74% apresentou dependência alcoólica grave, com uso de álcool associado principalmente a cigarro (66,15%. A média da circunferência da cintura (CC foi significativamente maior entre os abstinentes, em comparação aos não abstinentes (AB: 88,15 ± 15,95 x NA: 81,04 ± 9,86; p = 0,03. Pacientes abstinentes há mais tempo tiveram maior sobrepeso/obesidade e adiposidade abdominal (CC do que os não abstinentes e abstinentes recentes, com razão de chances de 5,25. Os abstinentes apresentaram razão de chances de 3,38 para %GC acima da média, independente do tempo de abstinência. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes alcoolistas abstinentes apresentam mais sobrepeso/ obesidade, adiposidade corporal (%GC e abdominal (CC do que os não abstinentes. É importante o acompanhamento multiprofissional no tratamento de alcoolistas com abordagem para fatores de risco cardiovasculares, principalmente evitando o ganho de peso.

  5. Enfermagem em cardiologia baseada em evidência

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    Eneida Rejane Rabelo da Silva

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo apresentamos, dentro do cenário cardiovascular, estudos recentes do nosso grupo. Buscando melhores evidências de enfermagem investigamos por meio de ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECR estratégias de educação e acompanhamento destes pacientes (pctes. O primeiro ECR avaliou o impacto da educação individual e da orientação em grupo no conhecimento sobre doença e autocuidado em pctes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC. No grupo intervenção, houve uma melhora do conhecimento dos cuidados essenciais (controle de sal e da ingesta hídrica, peso diário, realização de atividade física P=0,008, demonstrando que o atendimento em grupo é semelhante ao individual. No ambiente hospitalar, segundo ECR, comparamos o efeito da educação de enfermagem e seguimento telefônico após alta versus educação sem a monitorização por telefone. Demonstramos que intervenção educativa durante a internação melhora o conhecimento da doença, autocuidado e qualidade de vida (P

  6. Conservazione e gestione della Lepre italica (<em>Lepus corsicanusem>

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    Francesco Riga

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Il recente riconoscimento dello <em>status> specifico della Lepre italica (<em>Lepus corsicanusem> e l?accertamento dell?areale distributivo rappresentano le azioni più importanti per la conservazione di un <em>taxon endemicoem> che si era creduto estinto. Nella penisola la specie presenta un areale discontinuo, il cui limite settentrionale è dato dal comune di Manciano (GR, sul versante tirrenico e da una linea che dalla provincia de L'Aquila arriva al Gargano. In Sicilia la distribuzione è relativamente continua anche in aree non protette. Dati genetici hanno permesso di confermare la presenza in Corsica. Al contrario, nell?Isola d'Elba, a seguito di estese ricerche, sono stati identificati solo esemplari di <em>L. europaeusem>. Nell?Italia peninsulare <em>L. corsicanusem> è spesso presente in simpatria con popolazioni di <em>L. europaeusem>, mentre in Sicilia la lepre europea non ha originato popolazioni stabili, nonostante l?immissione di molte migliaia di individui. La distribuzione ecologica di <em>L. corsicanusem> ed analisi ambientali specifiche, suggeriscono l?adattamento prevalente agli ambienti a clima mediterraneo, benché essa sia presente anche a quote elevate (> 1.500 m s.l.m.. Dati preliminari di abbondanza relativa hanno evidenziato una situazione diversificata tra la penisola e la Sicilia e tra aree a diverso regime di gestione; un confronto tra le aree protette ha evidenziato rispettivamente valori di 5,54 e 11,73 ind./km². La riduzione quali-quantitativa e la frammentazione dell?<em>habitat> delle lepri è un fenomeno potenzialmente pericoloso per la sopravvivenza delle popolazioni, determinando fenomeni di estinzione locale dovuti alle basse densità di popolazione, inducendo fenomeni di erosione della variabilità genetica e di riduzione della <em>fitness> degli individui. L?introduzione di <em>L. europaeusem> può costituire un importante fattore limitante sia per la possibile competizione

  7. Stratégies vidéo-ludiques d’habitation par un pygmée d’un monde démesuré : Congo Inc. Le testament de Bismarck d’In Koli Jean Bofane

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    Zoé Courtois

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In Congo Inc., In Koli Jean Bofane’s novel, the video game theme contributes to a hybrid diegetic process that switches between the story of IRL and in game adventures of Isookanga, a young pygmy. The novel plays – in the mechanical meaning of the word – between these two sides of diegesis, which enables us to consider the tension between reality and video game : if reality is uninhabitable for the pygmy, and made disproportionate by a certain “globalisation”, the transition to data superimposes upon it the reign of information, which shapes, at last, an inhabitable imago mundi allowing, in addition, an action on reality. What is more, from a linguistic point of view, the video game produces what we could call a language of globalisation, that is to say a language spoken at the global scale regardless of socio-cultural and linguistic belongings. The gamers’ language, in this French speaking novel, is thus under the double influence of its playing field (the world and of the game itself which is conditioned by its coding, speed and performativity requirements. Henceforth, it is precisely in these diegetic and linguistic spaces under tension, and through the video game that a poetic way of inhabitablebiting the world rebuilds itself, together with a new measure of the world.

  8. Ensayo crítico sobre la noción de lazo social en la obra la condición postmoderna de Jean-François Lyotard

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    Gendrik Moreno

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta una breve reflexión en torno a la noción de lazo social en la obra La condición postmoderna del Jean-François Lyotard. La obra tiene carácter de informe y versa sobra la condición del saber en las sociedades más avanzadas de occidente. La reflexión se ocupa del el análisis de dos capítulos que contiene la obra, a saber: "La naturaleza del lazo social: la alternativa moderna (Cap. IV y "La naturaleza del lazo social: la perspectiva postmoderna" (Cap V. Se procura extraer la noción de lazo social que nos presenta Lyotard indagando sobre sus especificaciones. Como conclusión tentativa se sostiene que el lazo social bajo la alternativa moderna estuvo confinado en dos de los grandes "relatos" del discurso sociológico del siglo XX como lo es el funcionalismo y el marxismo asumiendo tal lazo como un problema de equilibrio orden y consenso para el primero, y como escisión y conflicto para el segundo respectivamente; por otra lado bajo la condición postmoderna el lazo aparentemente se diluye en todo este entramado teórico con la salvedad de que son los "juegos del lenguaje" en un sentido agonístico desde donde pueden reconstruirlo y otorgarle sentido.

  9. Quantum Physics: A Revolution? On Jean-Pierre Pharabod and Gerard Klein's 'Heurs et malheurs de la physique quantique' ('Joys and Woes of Quantum Physics')

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Papon, Pierre; Forestier, Florian

    2017-01-01

    Pierre Papon provides an analysis here of Jean-Pierre Pharabod and Gerard Klein's book Heurs et malheurs de la physique quantique [Joys and Woes of Quantum Physics] while, at the same time, giving us a remarkably clear and informative text on developments in quantum physics, telling us what it is, how it overturns hitherto dominant conceptions in physics and our ideas about the universe, and how it may lead to important technological change in the future. Though his text may seem tough going to those of our readers with no scientific back ground, it provides a wealth of information, including for those concerned with forecasting and foresight studies. They will discover how, in the absence of absolute determinism, any simulation of the future of systems, including in the hard sciences, involves a degree of randomness and uncertainty, and they will find how far we really are from simple causal relations of the kind that econometric models often rely upon. Papon's review explains how quantum physics throws the laws of classical physics into question, while setting out the 'incredible truths' it reveals, which may be a source of major scientific and technical developments in years to come

  10. Identification of <em>Colletotrichum> species causing anthracnose on Tahiti lime, tree tomato and mango

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    Martínez Erika P.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available

    In Colombia, citrus, tree tomato and mango crops are likely to suffer considerable losses from anthracnose caused by several <em>Colletotrichum> species, which were identified by the present study on infected organs of the three fruit crops, sampled in different regions of the country. Identification was based on their morphological and molecular characteristics, as well as on fungicide (benomyl and copper hydroxide sensitivity and pathogenicity tests. The latter assessed infectivity on both the original hosting crop and the other two crops (crossed infection, by putting the fungi in contact with organs taken from the three fruit crops. Molecular identification of the <em>Colletotrichum> species was carried out through amplification of rDNA ITS regions by means of <em>C. gloeosporioidesem> (CgInt and <em>C. acutatumem> (CaInt2 specific primer PCR combining the use of ITS4 universal primer. The results indicate that <em>C. acutatumem> is the infectious agent in Tahiti lime and tree tomato, and so is <em>C. gloeosporioidesem> in mango. Although <em>C. acutatumem> is the infectious agent in two diferent fruit species, the strains proved to be specific of their original hosts.

  11. <em>Ipomoea aquaticaem> Extract Shows Protective Action Against Thioacetamide-Induced Hepatotoxicity

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    A. Hamid A. Hadi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In the Indian system of traditional medicine (Ayurveda it is recommended to consume <em>Ipomoea em>aquatica> to mitigate disorders like jaundice. In this study, the protective effects of ethanol extract of <em>I. aquaticaem> against liver damage were evaluated in thioacetamide (TAA-induced chronic hepatotoxicity in rats. There was no sign of toxicity in the acute toxicity study, in which Sprague-Dawley (SD rats were orally fed with <em>I. aquaticaem> (250 and 500 mg/kg for two months along with administration of TAA (i.p injection 200 mg/kg three times a week for two months. The results showed that the treatment of <em>I. aquaticaem> significantly lowered the TAA-induced serum levels of hepatic enzyme markers (ALP, ALT, AST, protein, albumin, bilirubin and prothrombin time. The hepatic content of activities and expressions SOD and CAT that were reduced by TAA were brought back to control levels by the plant extract supplement. Meanwhile, the rise in MDA level in the TAA receiving groups also were significantly reduced by <em>I. aquaticaem> treatment. Histopathology of hepatic tissues by H&E and Masson trichrome stains displayed that <em>I. aquaticaem> has reduced the incidence of liver lesions, including hepatic cells cloudy swelling, infiltration, hepatic necrosis, and fibrous connective tissue proliferation induced by TAA in rats. Therefore, the results of this study show that the protective effect of <em>I. aquaticaem> in TAA-induced liver damage might be contributed to its modulation on detoxification enzymes and its antioxidant and free radical scavenger effects. Moreover, it confirms a scientific basis for the traditional use of <em>I. aquaticaem> for the treatment of liver disorders.

  12. Culturas orais em sociedades letradas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldi João Wanderley

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Na relação entre linguagem e cultura, um aspecto essencial diz respeito às diferentes funções da escrita e às formas de sua apropriação social em sociedades letradas. Tomando como inspiração a forma de um uso específico da escrita pelo povo indígena Jarawara e narrativas de ribeirinhos do rio Madeira do mito amazônico Cobra Norato, são discutidas as diferentes relações entre oralidade e escrita que, atravessadas pelas relações de poder, transformam o alfabeto, de artefato histórico construído para o registro da oralidade, em espaço social de construção de distinções, clivagens e exclusões.

  13. Paratuberculose em ruminantes no Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Yamasaki,Elise M.; Brito,Marilene F.; Mota,Rinaldo A.; McIntosh,Douglas; Tokarnia,Carlos H.

    2013-01-01

    A paratuberculose ou doença de Johne é uma enterite granulomatosa causada por Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) e comumente afeta ruminantes domésticos, no entanto, pode infectar várias espécies de mamíferos. Está presente nos cinco continentes e é considerada endêmica em algumas regiões pela Organização Internacional de Epizootias (OIE). Pertence à lista de enfermidades notificáveis, que compreende as doenças transmissíveis de importância sócio-econômica e/ou em saúde-pública...

  14. COMPETÊNCIA EM MEDICINA

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    Hélio Teixeira MD.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Competência no exercício da medicina depende de um processo evolutivo ao longo da vida do profissional, processo este fundamentado em eficiência, experiência e em princípios éticos. A eficiência depende da cultura médica, de habilidades técnicas e relacionamento interpessoal com o paciente. A experiência ao longo da vida vai refinando o médico, favorecendo o evolver do conhecimento e da sabedoria vivencial. Finalmente, a ética médica se fundamenta na justiça, compaixão e amor ao próximo. Didaticamente, distinguimos 3 fases da evolução profissional do médico: a infância profissional ou visão linear: o médico se restringe em geral ao atendimento da doença, negligenciando o doente. É quase exclusivamente técnico e tem percepção acanhada da medicina-arte. b Maturidade profissional ou visão humanística: resultado de evolução da personalidade, da cultura e da experiência do médico, agora voltado para o doente com sua doença. c Excelência profissional ou visão holística: estágio máximo que se pode alcançar, quando o médico vislumbra a si e ao seu cliente em todas suas dimensões integradas e atua como mestre, procurando despertar no paciente condições próprias de cura, oriundas de sua essência. Conclui-se que exercer medicina com competência significa desempenhar adequadamente a ciência e a arte médica.

  15. Phytochemical Composition, Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of <em>Amaranthus cruentusem> L. and <em>Amaranthus hybridusem> L. Extracts

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    Jeanne F. Millogo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a preliminary assessment of the nutraceutical value of <em>Amaranthus cruentus (A. cruentusem> and <em>Amaranthus hybridus (A. hybridusem>, two food plant species found in Burkina Faso. Hydroacetonic (HAE, methanolic (ME, and aqueous extracts (AE from the aerial parts were screened for <em>in vitroem> antioxidant and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities. Phytochemical analyses revealed the presence of polyphenols, tannins, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, saponins and betalains. Hydroacetonic extracts have shown the most diversity for secondary metabolites. The TLC analyses of flavonoids from HAE extracts showed the presence of rutin and other unidentified compounds. The phenolic compound contents of the HAE, ME and AE extracts were determined using the Folin–Ciocalteu method and ranged from 7.55 to 10.18 mg Gallic acid equivalent GAE/100 mg. Tannins, flavonoids, and flavonols ranged from 2.83 to 10.17 mg tannic acid equivalent (TAE/100 mg, 0.37 to 7.06 mg quercetin equivalent (QE /100 mg, and 0.09 to 1.31 mg QE/100 mg, respectively. The betacyanin contents were 40.42 and 6.35 mg Amaranthin Equivalent/100 g aerial parts (dry weight in <em>A. cruentusem> and <em>A. hybridusem>, respectively. Free-radical scavenging activity expressed as IC50 (DPPH method and iron reducing power (FRAP method ranged from 56 to 423 µg/mL and from 2.26 to 2.56 mmol AAE/g, respectively. Xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities of extracts of <em>A. cruentus em>and <em>A. hybridusem> were 3.18% and 38.22%, respectively.<em> em>The> A. hybridusem> extract showed the best antioxidant and xanthine oxidase inhibition activities. The results indicated that the phytochemical contents of the two species justify their traditional uses as nutraceutical food plants.

  16. Existe sujeito em Michel Maffesoli?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marli Appel da Silva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio discute a concepção de sujeito na abordagem teórica de Michel Maffesoli. As ideias desse autor estão em voga em alguns meios acadêmicos no Brasil e são difundidas por algumas mídias de grande circulação nacional. Entretanto, ao longo de suas obras, os pressupostos que definem quem é o sujeito maffesoliano se encontram pouco clarificados. Portanto, para alcançar o objetivo a que se propõe, este ensaio desenvolve uma análise da epistemologia e da ontologia maffesoliana com a finalidade de compreender as origens dos pressupostos desse autor, ou seja, as teorias e os autores em que Maffesoli se baseou para desenvolver uma visão de sujeito. Com essa compreensão, pretende-se responder à questão: existe sujeito na abordagem teórica de Maffesoli.

  17. Complaints against an EMS system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colwell, Christopher B; Pons, Peter T; Pi, Randy

    2003-11-01

    Complaints against Emergency Medical Services (EMS) agencies represent a concerning and potentially time-consuming problem for all involved in the delivery of prehospital emergency medical care. The objective of this study was to identify the source of complaints against an EMS system to help focus quality and performance improvement and customer service efforts. We conducted a retrospective review of complaints filed against a busy urban EMS agency over a 6-year period. All complaints were included, totaled by season and by year, and categorized by originator and nature of the complaint. A total of 286 complaints were registered during the 6-year period, with an average of 48 per year and 9.3 per 10,000 responses. The most common originators of complaints were patients (53%) followed by medical personnel (19%) and family members or friends (12%). Rude behavior accounted for 23% of the complaints registered, followed by technical skills (20%), transport problems (18%), and loss of belongings (13%). The identification of areas of dissatisfaction will allow focused quality and performance improvement programs directed at customer service and risk management.

  18. Adding large EM stack support

    KAUST Repository

    Holst, Glendon

    2016-12-01

    Serial section electron microscopy (SSEM) image stacks generated using high throughput microscopy techniques are an integral tool for investigating brain connectivity and cell morphology. FIB or 3View scanning electron microscopes easily generate gigabytes of data. In order to produce analyzable 3D dataset from the imaged volumes, efficient and reliable image segmentation is crucial. Classical manual approaches to segmentation are time consuming and labour intensive. Semiautomatic seeded watershed segmentation algorithms, such as those implemented by ilastik image processing software, are a very powerful alternative, substantially speeding up segmentation times. We have used ilastik effectively for small EM stacks – on a laptop, no less; however, ilastik was unable to carve the large EM stacks we needed to segment because its memory requirements grew too large – even for the biggest workstations we had available. For this reason, we refactored the carving module of ilastik to scale it up to large EM stacks on large workstations, and tested its efficiency. We modified the carving module, building on existing blockwise processing functionality to process data in manageable chunks that can fit within RAM (main memory). We review this refactoring work, highlighting the software architecture, design choices, modifications, and issues encountered.

  19. A construção e a compreensão de sentido em discursos por crianças entre 10 e 12 anos

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    Cristiane Dall Cortivo Lebler

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo é fruto de uma pesquisa, de igual nome, que partiu da ideia de que compreender a palavra e as possibilidades que ela delimita ao discurso e que este delimita a ela é essencial para o entendimento do próprio discurso. Sendo assim, este artigo se propõe a pensar sobre a construção e a compreensão de sentido da palavra em discursos, com o embasamento da Teoria da Argumentação na Língua de Oswald Ducrot, Jean-Claude Anscombre e Marion Carel. Escolheu-se observar esse processo em alunos com idade entre 10 e 12 anos e que estão no 5º, 6º ou 7º ano do Ensino Fundamental. Como procedimentos metodológicos, foram realizados estudos teóricos e construção do corpus, a partir do qual houve a elaboração de uma aula introdutória e de um teste. Ambos foram realizados com alunos da faixa etária selecionada e, posteriormente, tiveram seus resultados analisados a fim de encontrar respostas para os objetivos delimitados. Pôde-se constatar que há um olhar crítico dos alunos com relação ao sentido das palavras e das suas diversas possibilidades de significação, mas que ele é, por muitas vezes, encoberto por experiências anteriores com essas palavras, revelando, portanto, uma grande dificuldade, por parte dos alunos, em considerar o contexto discursivo na apreensão do sentido.

  20. Paratuberculose em ruminantes no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elise M. Yamasaki

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available A paratuberculose ou doença de Johne é uma enterite granulomatosa causada por Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map e comumente afeta ruminantes domésticos, no entanto, pode infectar várias espécies de mamíferos. Está presente nos cinco continentes e é considerada endêmica em algumas regiões pela Organização Internacional de Epizootias (OIE. Pertence à lista de enfermidades notificáveis, que compreende as doenças transmissíveis de importância sócio-econômica e/ou em saúde-pública, cujo controle é necessário para o comércio internacional de animais e alimentos de origem animal. A importância da doença de Johne não se restringe somente aos prejuízos econômicos causados à indústria animal, mas também na possível participação do Map na íleocolite granulomatosa que afeta seres humanos, conhecida como doença de Crohn. No Brasil, a paratuberculose já foi descrita em diversas espécies de ruminantes e em vários estados. Embora os relatos naturais da enfermidade sejam pontuais, acredita-se na possibilidade da transmissão interespecífica e na disseminação do agente através da compra e venda de animais infectados. O objetivo deste artigo foi reunir as informações disponíveis referentes aos aspectos epidemiológicos, clínico-patológicos e laboratoriais da paratuberculose em bovinos, bubalinos, caprinos e ovinos no Brasil, e salientar a necessidade de implementação de medidas de controle sanitário da enfermidade no país, o que possibilitaria a melhoria da qualidade e valorização dos produtos de origem animal no mercado internacional.

  1. Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Carnosic Acid and Rosmarinic Acid Using Ionic Liquid Solution from <em>Rosmarinus officinalisem>>

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunjian Zhao

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Ionic liquid based, ultrasound-assisted extraction was successfully applied to the extraction of phenolcarboxylic acids, carnosic acid and rosmarinic acid, from <em>Rosmarinus officinalisem>. Eight ionic liquids, with different cations and anions, were investigated in this work and [C8mim]Br was selected as the optimal solvent. Ultrasound extraction parameters, including soaking time, solid–liquid ratio, ultrasound power and time, and the number of extraction cycles, were discussed by single factor experiments and the main influence factors were optimized by response surface methodology. The proposed approach was demonstrated as having higher efficiency, shorter extraction time and as a new alternative for the extraction of carnosic acid and rosmarinic acid from <em>R. officinalisem>> em>compared with traditional reference extraction methods. Ionic liquids are considered to be green solvents, in the ultrasound-assisted extraction of key chemicals from medicinal plants, and show great potential.

  2. Trophic systems and chorology: data from shrews, moles and voles of Italy preyed by the barn owl / Sistemi trofici e corologia: dati su <em>Soricidae>, <em>Talpidae> ed <em>Arvicolidae> d'Italia predati da <em>Tyto albaem> (Scopoli 1769

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Longino Contoli

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In small Mammals biogeography, available data are up to now by far too scanty for elucidate the distribution of a lot of taxa, especially with regard to the absence from a given area. In this respect, standardized quantitative sampling techniques, like Owl pellets analysis can enable not only to enhance faunistic knowledges, but also to estimate the actual absence probability of a given taxon "m", lacking from the diet of an individual raptor. For the last purpose, the relevant frequencies of "m" in the other ecologically similar sites of the same raptor species diets are averaged ($f_m$ : the relevant standard error (multiplicated by a coefficient, according to the desired degree of accuracy, in relation of the integral of probabilities subtracted ($overline{F}_m - a E$: then, the probability that a single specimen is not pertaining to "m" is obtained ($P_0 = 1 - F_m + a E$; lastly, the desiderate accuracy probability ($P_d$ is chosen. Now, "$N_d$" (the number of individuals of all prey species in a single site needed for obtain, with the desired probability, a specimen at least of "m" is obtained through $$N = frac{ln P_d}{ln P_0}$$ Obviously, every site-diet with more than "N" preyed individuals and without any "i" specimen is considered to be lacking of such taxon. A "usefulness index" for the above purposes is outlined and checked about three raptors. Some exanples about usefulness of the Owl pellet analysis method in biogeography are given, concerning <em>Tyto albaem> diets in peninsular Italy about: - <em>Sorex minutusem>, lacking in some quite insulated areas; - <em>Sorex araneusem> (sensu stricto, after GRAF et al., 1979, present also in lowland areas in Emilia-Romagna; - <em>Crocidura suaveolensem> and - <em>Suncus etruscusem>, present also in the southermost part of Calabria (Reggio province; - <em>Talpa caecaem>, present also in the Antiapennines of Latium (Cimini mounts; - <em>Talpa romanaem

  3. Tumores em bovinos encontrados em abatedouros frigoríficos

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    Bianca Tessele

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Numa pesquisa em abatedouros a procura de lesões em bovinos, realizada de janeiro de 2011 a julho de 2014, 544 foram encontradas, das quais 65 eram neoplasmas. Quarenta e dois porcento desses tumores eram de origem mesenquimal; 37% eram epiteliais; 14,5% eram derivados da crista neural; 5% eram tumores do cordão sexual; e 1,5 eram tumores originários do sistema nervoso periférico. O tumor mais frequentemente encontrado foi o linfoma (28% de todos os tumores, a maioria dos casos como parte do complexo leucose bovina enzoótica. O carcinoma de células escamosas foi o segundo tumor mais frequente (15% de todos os tumores. É chamada a atenção para a frequência desses tumores e para a sua importância no diagnóstico diferencial no abatedouro frigorífico entre eles e outras lesões importantes, incluindo as lesões granulomatosas da tuberculose. Houve uma ocorrência significativa do feocromocitoma adrenal (13% de todos os tumores. Papilomatose representou apenas 3% de todos os tumores. Como papilomas são comuns em bovinos, seu baixo número nesse estudo pode ser explicado pelo fato de que eles não são usualmente diagnosticados no exame post mortem (quando o couro já foi retirado da carcaça, mas sim no exame ante mortem, como ocorreu na maioria dos casos deste estudo. Tumores encontrados com menor frequência (cada um perfazendo entre 1.5 e 3% de todos os tumores incluíram adenocarcinoma apócrino misto da cauda, adenocarcinoma mamário, adenocarcinoma uterino, carcinoma de células renais, fibroma interdigital, hemangiossarcoma, leiomioma uterino, lipoma, lipossarcoma, mesotelioma, neurofibroma, tumor de células da granulosa, tumor estromal gastrointestinal, tumores hepáticos, tumores melanocíticos, e tumores pulmonares primários. Pretende-se que os resultados dessa pesquisa possam ajudar na identificação das lesões na inspeção oficial em matadouros frigoríficos.

  4. Variabilità morfologica ed ecologica in <em>Neomys fodiensem> e <em>Neomys anomalusem> nell'Appennino settentrionale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dino Scaravelli

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available I due <em>Neomys> italiani sono ancora da chiarire dal punto di vista della loro caratterizzazione morfologica e ecologica. Il lavoro prende in considerazione un campione di entrambe le specie proveniente da habitat forestali dell?Appennino settentrionale per i quali sono stati identificati i principali parametri ambientali. Vengono quindi descritte la variabilità dei tratti morfologici delle due specie in aree localizzate nel Parco Nazionale Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona e Campigna nell?Appennino tosco-romagnolo. Risultano di sicuro effetto discriminatorio la maschera facciale, il rapporto piede posteriore/coda e i caratteri cranici. Sulla base dei criteri identificativi si sono realizzate rilevazioni di misure corporee per le due specie e una comparazione degli habitat utilizzati. <em>N. fodiensem> appare unica specie nelle faggete-abetine e dominante nei castagneti, mentre nell?Ontaneta e nelle zone aperte e termofile si registra la sola presenza di <em>N. anomalusem>. Mancano entrambi nei prati cespugliati, nella pecceta e nella cerreta. I gradienti presenti sono quindi illustrati. Non appare una differenza altitudinale nel campione esaminato, posto in stazioni tra i 400 e i 1300 m, ma per entrambe vi sono maggiori riscontri nella fascia tra 700 e 850 m. Nell?analisi multivariata rispetto alle altre specie e alle variabili ambientali si riscontra sempre una discreta correlazione con la presenza di acqua di una certa ampiezza, che comunque è significativa solo per <em>N. fodiensem>, mentre risulta di interesse la positiva correlazione di <em>N. anomalusem> con <em>Apodemus sylvaticusem>.

  5. Morphological identification of the Soprano Pipistrelle (<em>Pipistrellus pygmaeusem> Leach, 1825 in Croatia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Pavlinić

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract After the discovery of two different phonic types within the common pipistrelle (<em>Pipistrellus pipistrellusem>, mtDNA analysis confirmed the existence of two separate species named as common pipistrelle (<em>P. pipistrellusem> and soprano pipistrelle (<em>P. pygmaeusem>. The discrimination of these two cryptic species using external characters and measures has proved to be somewhat problematic. We examined two colonies of soprano pipistrelle from Donji Miholjac, Croatia. As a result, only two characters proved to be of help for field identification: wing venation (89% of cases and penis morphology and colour for males. The difference in length between the 2nd and 3rd phalanxes of the 3rd finger should be discarded as diagnostic trait between <em>P. pipistrellusem> and <em>P. pygmaeusem> in Croatia. Riassunto Identificazione su basi morfologiche del pipistrello pigmeo (<em>Pipistrellus pygmeausem>, Leach, 1825 in Croazia. A seguito della descrizione di due differenti "tipi fonici" nel pipistrello nano (<em>Pipistrellus pipistrellusem> e della successiva conferma su basi genetiche dell'esistenza di due specie distinte, designate come pipistrello nano (<em>P. pipistrellusem> e pipistrello pigmeo (<em>P. pygmaeusem>, la distinzione delle due specie in base a caratteristiche morfologiche esterne si è dimostrata un problema di difficile soluzione. Sulla base delle caratteristiche distintive e delle differenze biometriche proposte da altri Autori, sono state esaminate due colonie di pipistrello pigmeo a Donji Miholjac, in Croazia. I risultati ottenuti evidenziano che, tra tutti i potenziali caratteri sinora proposti, solo due risultano utili per un'identificazione diretta sul campo: la venatura delle ali, risultata utile alla discriminazione nell'89% degli esemplari analizzati, e la colorazione e morfologia del pene nei maschi. La

  6. Historicidade da filosofia em Hegel e Heidegger

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Iber

    2017-01-01

    Gostaria de discutir, em forma de teses, a temática da historicidade da filosofia em contraste e na sua divergência em Hegel e Heidegger. Diferente do historicismo, que não soluciona o problema da historicidade da filosofia, porque ele dissolve tendencialmente a filosofia na história da filosofia e não coloca em especial a questão da verdade, Hegel e Heidegger desenvolvem uma teoria genuinamente filosófica da história da filosofia do interesse filosófico pela verdade. Esse interesse genuiname...

  7. Where is Gilles? Or, the little mistake in a copy of Brouillet's painting: "A clinical lesson at the Salpêtrière" Onde está Gilles? Ou, o pequeno engano em uma cópia da pintura de Brouillet: "Uma lição clínica na Salpêtrière"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco M. B. Germiniani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Professor Jean-Martin Charcot is considered the most important professor of Neurology and also the head of the Salpêtrière School of Neurology. In a famous picture painted by André Brouillet and presented at the Salon of 1887, under the title "A clinical lesson at the Salpêtrière", Professor Charcot presents a case of hysteria to a large audience of physicians and renowned intellectuals. Copies of this guided picture are also available for sale at the shop of the Museum of the School of Medicine of Paris and are frequently used in lectures by neurologists worldwide. However, in these reproductions, Gilles de la Tourette's and Charles Féré's positions are inverted. This historical note sheds some light on this little mistake in some of the reproductions of Brouillet's famous painting, so that further confusion can be avoided.O professor Jean-Martin Charcot é considerado o professor mais importante da Neurologia e também o chefe da Escola de Neurologia de Salpêtrière. Em um quadro célebre pintado por André Brouillet e apresentado no Salão de 1887, sob o título "Uma Lição Clínica na Salpêtrière", o professor Charcot apresenta um caso de histeria a um grande público composto de médicos e intelectuais de renome. Cópias desse quadro também estão disponíveis para venda na loja do Museu da Escola de Medicina de Paris e são frequentemente utilizadas em palestras ministradas por neurologistas em todo o mundo. No entanto, nessas reproduções, Gilles de la Tourette e Charles Féré estão em posições invertidas. Esta nota histórica alerta sobre esse pequeno engano em algumas das reproduções da famosa pintura de Brouillet, a fim de que mais confusão seja evitada.

  8. Encapsulation-Induced Stress Helps <em>Saccharomyces cerevisiae em>Resist Convertible Lignocellulose Derived Inhibitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan O. Westman

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The ability of macroencapsulated <em>Saccharomyces cerevisiae em>CBS8066<em> em>to withstand readily and not readily <em>in situem> convertible lignocellulose-derived inhibitors was investigated in anaerobic batch cultivations. It was shown that encapsulation increased the tolerance against readily convertible furan aldehyde inhibitors and to dilute acid spruce hydrolysate, but not to organic acid inhibitors that cannot be metabolized anaerobically. Gene expression analysis showed that the protective effect arising from the encapsulation is evident also on the transcriptome level, as the expression of the stress-related genes <em>YAP1em>, <em>ATR1em> and <em>FLR1em> was induced upon encapsulation. The transcript levels were increased due to encapsulation already in the medium without added inhibitors, indicating that the cells sensed low stress level arising from the encapsulation itself. We present a model, where the stress response is induced by nutrient limitation, that this helps the cells to cope with the increased stress added by a toxic medium, and that superficial cells in the capsules degrade convertible inhibitors, alleviating the inhibition for the cells deeper in the capsule.

  9. Report on the inquiry into sale price fluctuations of gasoline and diesel fuel in the regions of Abitibi-Temiscamingue, Saguenay-Lac Saint Jean and the Upper Mauricie, October 1998 to 31 December 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lambert, L.; Dumais, M. A.

    2000-01-01

    An inquiry was initiated by the President of the Quebec Energy Board (Regie de l'energie) on October 7, 1999 to review the reasons for the wide fluctuations in the retail sale prices of gasoline and diesel fuel in the regions of Abitibi-Temiscamingue, Saguenay/Lac-Saint-Jean and the Upper Mauricie, although the Board has no jurisdiction over the prices charged for petroleum products or anti-competitive practices. Consequently, the inquiry confined itself to an analysis of the information pertaining to the structure and forces driving the petroleum products market, and an examination of price mechanisms and consumer reactions in these regions. The inquiry reviewed the relevant legislation and regulation, the social, economic and energy situations in the affected regions, and the structure and functioning of the market for gasoline and diesel fuel. The inquiry came to the conclusion that the price fluctuations during the period under review reflected the wholesale prices recorded at Montreal and Quebec, which are determined by national and international market forces over which Quebec has no significant control. Furthermore, the inquiry concluded that although market forces are present and functioning in the regions, there are relatively few outlets affiliated with major oil companies, and a large number of independent retail outlets with relatively small volumes of annual sales. They essentially set their own prices at a level that reflect their cost of operation. Appendices contain the Inquiry's mandate, a list of those who testified before the Inquiry, a map showing the geographic profile of the regions surveyed and a list of figures and tables. 18 tabs., 31 figs

  10. A Favela posta em Cena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Valdoski Ribeiro

    2010-08-01

    As publicações do Observatório das Favelas nos instigam na construção de um espaço transgressor Possível como necessidade de uma ação urgente, contudo a perspectiva do Impossível como projeto nos promove a revelar os limites, as normas e as ideologias que perpassam as ações internas ao Estado, já que este se constitui agente fundamental da engrenagem da produção de desigualdades e em sua força legitimadora realiza a ideologia mais eficiente.

  11. Maquinas virtuais em ambientes seguros

    OpenAIRE

    Arthur Bispo de Castro

    2006-01-01

    Resumo: Desde o início da computação a idéia de máquinas virtuais vem sendo aplicada para estender o multiprocessamento, multi-programação e multi-acesso, tornando os sistemas multi-ambiente. O contínuo aumento no poder de processamento dos computadores fez com que máquinas muito rápidas estivessem ao alcance de qualquer usuário, surgindo PCs com processamento, espaço em disco e memória suficiente para comportar mais de um sistema compartilhando o mesmo hardware. Basicamente, o objetivo das m...

  12. A metrologia em diferentes equipamentos

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Andreia Oliveira

    2017-01-01

    A seleção de um equipamento metrológico pode tornar-se uma difícil tarefa, dado que hoje em dia existe uma grande variedade. Quando se pretende adquirir ou até mesmo apenas saber qual o melhor equipamento para o controlo dimensional de um ou mais objetos, a opção pode não ser clara devido às inúmeras características associadas. Este trabalho tem como objetivo o desenvolvimento de uma metodologia que permita a qualquer pessoa com conhecimentos mínimos, saber o que há-de escolher, com bas...

  13. A melancolia em Al Berto

    OpenAIRE

    Camila Emanuele Martins de Souza

    2015-01-01

    Este trabalho objetiva estudar, sob a perspectiva da melancolia, os livros Salsugem (1984) e Horto de Incêndio (1997), de Al Berto. O autor português produz escritos em que a temática da melancolia atravessa a palavra, o que justifica o debruçar-se sobre as construções textuais da poética albertiana, a fim de traçar-lhe novas possibilidades de leitura por esse ângulo. Para isso, com o intuito de compreender o discurso melancólico segue-se o embasamento teórico: de Klibansky, Panosfsky e Saxl ...

  14. Altitudinal distribution of the common longeared bat <em>Plecotus auritusem> (Linnaeus, 1758 and grey long-eared bat <em>Plecotus austriacusem> (J. B. Fischer, 1829 (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae in the Tatra mountains (southern Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Piksa

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Riassunto Distribuzione altitudinale di Orecchione bruno (<em>Plecotus auritusem> e Orecchione meridionale (<em>Plecotus austriacusem> nei Monti Tatra (Polonia meridionale. Vengono riportati nuovi dati relativi alla distribuzione altitudinale nei Monti Tatra (Polonia meridionale di <em>Plecotus auritusem> e <em>P. austriacusem>. Tali segnalazioni incrementano le conoscenze relative alla presenza di questi chirotteri a quote elevate, in particolare per la Polonia. In inverno <em>P. auritusem> è stato rinvenuto a 1921 m s.l.m. mentre in estate è stato rinvenuto a 2250 m s.l.m.; in aggiunta, sono stati ritrovati resti ossei a 1929 m s.l.m. <em>P. austriacusem> è stato segnalato in ibernazione a 1294 m s.l.m.

  15. Estratégia e estrutura: em busca do alinhamento organizacional em um clube social esportivo

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz Junior,Augusto de Toledo; Carvalho,Marly Monteiro de; Laurindo,Fernando José Barbin

    2005-01-01

    A literatura descreve tipologias de formas organizações, que podem ser divididas em organização baseada em trabalho e organização baseada em conhecimento. A forma de representação mais utilizada é o organograma. Contudo, esta forma de representação não consegue ilustrar adequadamente a dinâmica de funcionamento da organização, sobretudo em organizações em que o conhecimento e a experiência são os ativos-chave. Com o objetivo de investigar o processo de alinhamento entre estratégia e estrutura...

  16. Dualismos em duelo Dueling dualism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Fausto-Sterling

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Os modos europeus e norte-americanos de entender como funciona o mundo dependem em grande parte do uso de dualismos - pares de conceitos, objetos ou sistemas de crenças opostos. Este ensaio enquadra especialmente três deles: sexo/gênero, natureza/criação e real/construído. Embora este texto verse sobre gênero, discuto regularmente o modo como as idéias de raça e gênero surgem a partir de supostos subjacentes sobre a natureza física do corpo. Entender como operam raça e gênero - em conjunto e independentemente - nos ajuda a compreender melhor como o social se torna corporificado.Euro-American ways of understanding how the world works depend heavily on the use of dualisms - pairs of opposing concepts, objects, or belief sytems. This text focuses especially on three of these: sex/gender, nature/nurture, and real/constructed. And although this text focuses on gender, I regularly discuss the ways in which the ideas of both race and gender emerge from underlying assumptions about the body's physical nature. Understanding how race and gender work - together and independently - help us learn more about how the social becomes embodied.

  17. Laddering em pesquisa de marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tânia Modesto Veludo-de-Oliveira

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a técnica de pesquisa laddering em marketing, considerando a proposta de renovação de conhecimentos sobre metodologia na área. Para isso investiga diversos estudos, artigos e pesquisas que tratam do assunto em nível nacional e internacional. O conceito de cadeias meios-fins é abordado pela estrutura teórica que fundamenta a técnica, ligando atributos, conseqüências percebidas do consumo e valores pessoais relativos a um produto. O artigo segue com a explicação dos procedimentos de campo, como a entrevista e a análise dos dados. A laddering é um instrumento de pesquisa qualitativa bastante útil e poderoso, mas ainda pouco utilizado tanto por acadêmicos como por profissionais de mercado, no Brasil, provavelmente por desconhecimento e pouca divulgação. Cabe, portanto, uma maior disseminação de seu uso.

  18. Dois funcionalistas franceses em confronto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Eugenio Hoyos-Andrade

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Comparamos, neste artigo, de modo aproximativo e provisório, dois modelos de análise sintática e dois métodos de representação gráfica dessas análises: trata-se dos modelos e métodos de André Martinet e Lucien Tesnière. Depois de algumas considerações introdutórias relativas ao funcionalismo dos autores em causa, arrolamos um conjunto de características que aproximam ou opõem os seus respectivos modelos. Apresentamos, em seguida, no intuito de beneficiar os estudantes universitários de sintaxe, as representações gráficas de um mesmo enunciado segundo o método estemático de Tesnière e segundo o método de visualização das relações sintáticas de Martinet, para concluir que os dois modelos/métodos, embora diferentes, poderiam eventualmente ser integrados num único sistema de análise e representação.

  19. PEG Enhancement for EM1 and EM2+ Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Von der Porten, Paul; Ahmad, Naeem; Hawkins, Matt

    2018-01-01

    NASA is currently building the Space Launch System (SLS) Block-1 launch vehicle for the Exploration Mission 1 (EM-1) test flight. The next evolution of SLS, the Block-1B Exploration Mission 2 (EM-2), is currently being designed. The Block-1 and Block-1B vehicles will use the Powered Explicit Guidance (PEG) algorithm. Due to the relatively low thrust-to-weight ratio of the Exploration Upper Stage (EUS), certain enhancements to the Block-1 PEG algorithm are needed to perform Block-1B missions. In order to accommodate mission design for EM-2 and beyond, PEG has been significantly improved since its use on the Space Shuttle program. The current version of PEG has the ability to switch to different targets during Core Stage (CS) or EUS flight, and can automatically reconfigure for a single Engine Out (EO) scenario, loss of communication with the Launch Abort System (LAS), and Inertial Navigation System (INS) failure. The Thrust Factor (TF) algorithm uses measured state information in addition to a priori parameters, providing PEG with an improved estimate of propulsion information. This provides robustness against unknown or undetected engine failures. A loft parameter input allows LAS jettison while maximizing payload mass. The current PEG algorithm is now able to handle various classes of missions with burn arcs much longer than were seen in the shuttle program. These missions include targeting a circular LEO orbit with a low-thrust, long-burn-duration upper stage, targeting a highly eccentric Trans-Lunar Injection (TLI) orbit, targeting a disposal orbit using the low-thrust Reaction Control System (RCS), and targeting a hyperbolic orbit. This paper will describe the design and implementation of the TF algorithm, the strategy to handle EO in various flight regimes, algorithms to cover off-nominal conditions, and other enhancements to the Block-1 PEG algorithm. This paper illustrates challenges posed by the Block-1B vehicle, and results show that the improved PEG

  20. Terapia breve em hospital fechado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Cesar Sandler

    1978-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo cuida de pacientes "difíceis" da clínica psiquiátrica e psicoterápica: os pacientes que apresentam o fenômeno da atuação, cuja aproximação terapêutica tem se demonstrado problemática, mesmo com o advento das modernas técnicas de psicoterapia e das comunidades terapêuticas. Os diagnósticos psiquiátricos destes pacientes variam: são neuróticos, apresentam transtornos de pesonalidade, são psicóticos e quase sempre com graves doenças secundárias: alcoolismo e toxicomania (Códigos Classificação Internacional de Doenças 295 a 299, 300. 301, 303 e 304. Propõe-se, à luz da compreensão psicanalítica destas pessoas, um tratamento psicoterápico breve, focal, com o auxílio de uma hospitalização em regime fechado. Para a avaliação dos resultados do método psicoterápico diádico, criaram-se critérios de cura coerentes com a proposta terapêutica, e equiparam-se estes critérios clínicos a valores numéricos. Utilizando 36 pacientes internados, verificou-se até que ponto eles alcançavam estes critérios. Cada paciente recebeu um escore - valor numérico - que expressou o seu desempenho durante o tratamento em regime de internação, e sua conduta pós-alta hospitalar, durante um seguimento médio de 21 meses. Estes 36 pacientes puderam ser divididos em dois grupos: os de evolução favorável (obtivemos 36,1% e os de evolução desfavorável. Por meio de uma amostra sistemática composta por 41 pacientes que não foram submetidos ao método, internados no mesmo período de tempo, no mesmo hospital, e pareados com nossa casuística, fêz-se uma comparação estatística entre os percentis obtidos nas evoluções dos dois grupos. O valor do teste estatístico, o chi quadrado, não foi significante. O exame das proporções correspondentes a cada patologia em separado sugeriu fortemente que o tratamento estaria indicado nas neuroses e nas psicoses, mas que seria realmente ineficaz nos transtornos de