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Sample records for elo eriste rann

  1. ERISTIC ARGUMENTATION IN ADVERTISING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skirmantė Biržietienė

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Advertising may be examined as a particular form of rhetoric the aims of which are the same as of rhetoric, namely to affect mind, will, feelings, and to persuade. The theory of rhetoric, the main object of which is discourse not only in narrow meaning (as verbal expression of ideas (i.e. to say text, but also in broad meaning – as a communicative act between the addresser and the addressee since its interdisciplinary nature provides the right tools to explore the advertising discourse. The theory of rhetoric is successfully applied in development of advertising discourse, because it helps to foresee the communicative act between the addresser and the addressee. Advertising and rhetoric are combined by many common elements, but the same goal is the most important: both, rhetoric and advertising seek for persuasion through verbal and non-verbal measures. The paper deals with the analysis of the inventive level of advertising discourse, i.e., eristic arguments, spread of ways of proofing / persuasion. Eristic argumentation is a dominant argumentation type in advertising. This method of persuasion is a way to create truth visibility although it is just superficial. The most typical schemes of eristic argumentation used in advertising are as follows: argumentum ad vanitatem (appeal to the vanity of the addressee, argumentum ad verecundiam (appeal to the authority, argumentum baculinum (method of “whip” argument, argumentum ad novitatem (appeal to novelty. The article shows the usage of eristic arguments in Lithuanian commercial ads.

  2. Argumentative Bluff in Eristic Discussion: An Analysis and Evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    van Laar, Jan Albert

    2010-01-01

    How does the analysis and evaluation of argumentation depend on the dialogue type in which the argumentation has been put forward? This paper focuses on argumentative bluff in eristic discussion. Argumentation cannot be presented without conveying the pretence that it is dialectically reasonable, as well as, at least to some degree, rhetorically effective. Within eristic discussion it can be profitable to engage in bluff with respect to such claims. However, it will be argued that such bluffi...

  3. Argumentative Bluff in Eristic Discussion : An Analysis and Evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Laar, Jan Albert

    How does the analysis and evaluation of argumentation depend on the dialogue type in which the argumentation has been put forward? This paper focuses on argumentative bluff in eristic discussion. Argumentation cannot be presented without conveying the pretence that it is dialectically reasonable, as

  4. NSF-RANN Trace Contaminants Program directory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purnell, P.A.; Smith, S.K.; Wilkes, C.F.

    1976-10-01

    This directory is designed to aid effective communication throughout the National Science Foundation's Trace Contaminants Program, Research Applied to National Needs. The majority of the participants in the Program are represented by name, address, telephone number, and a very brief description of research interest. The directory has five major divisions to facilitate its use. Section I contains a listing of the program managers associated with the NSF-RANN Trace Contaminants Program. Section II lists the principal investigators, co-principal investigators, and coordinators of each of the research grants in the Program. Section III lists the personnel by individual projects. Section IV contains a total alphabetic listing complete with project titles and Section V contains a keyword index. This directory is maintained by the Toxic Materials Information Center as part of the Environmental Resource Center of the Information Center Complex, Information Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  5. Elo Viidingu kommentaarid Berk Vaheri kommentaarile / Elo Viiding

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viiding, Elo, 1974-

    2001-01-01

    Vt. ka Vaher, Berk. Mis teeb tuul müürile? : repriis Elo Viidingu sõnavõtule "Uued tuuled, vana vaev" (Looming 12/2000) // Sirp (2001) 12. jaan., lk. 6. Vastukaja: Vaher, Berk. Berk Vaheri kommentaarid Elo Viidingu kommentaaridele // Sirp (2001) 19. jaan., lk. 13

  6. NSF-RANN Trace Contaminants Program directory. [Personnel directory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Purnell, P.A.; Smith, S.K.; Wilkes, C.F.

    1976-10-01

    This directory is designed to aid effective communication throughout the National Science Foundation's Trace Contaminants Program, Research Applied to National Needs. The majority of the participants in the Program are represented by name, address, telephone number, and a very brief description of research interest. The directory has five major divisions to facilitate its use. Section I contains a listing of the program managers associated with the NSF-RANN Trace Contaminants Program. Section II lists the principal investigators, co-principal investigators, and coordinators of each of the research grants in the Program. Section III lists the personnel by individual projects. Section IV contains a total alphabetic listing complete with project titles and Section V contains a keyword index. This directory is maintained by the Toxic Materials Information Center as part of the Environmental Resource Center of the Information Center Complex, Information Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  7. [SciELO: method for electronic publishing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laerte Packer, A; Rocha Biojone, M; Antonio, I; Mayumi Takemaka, R; Pedroso García, A; Costa da Silva, A; Toshiyuki Murasaki, R; Mylek, C; Carvalho Reisl, O; Rocha F Delbucio, H C

    2001-01-01

    It describes the SciELO Methodology Scientific Electronic Library Online for electronic publishing of scientific periodicals, examining issues such as the transition from traditional printed publication to electronic publishing, the scientific communication process, the principles which founded the methodology development, its application in the building of the SciELO site, its modules and components, the tools use for its construction etc. The article also discusses the potentialities and trends for the area in Brazil and Latin America, pointing out questions and proposals which should be investigated and solved by the methodology. It concludes that the SciELO Methodology is an efficient, flexible and wide solution for the scientific electronic publishing.

  8. Metagenomic sequence of saline desert microbiota from wild ass sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Rajesh; Mevada, Vishal; Prajapati, Dhaval; Dudhagara, Pravin; Koringa, Prakash; Joshi, C G

    2015-03-01

    We report Metagenome from the saline desert soil sample of Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat State, India. Metagenome consisted of 633,760 sequences with size 141,307,202 bp and 56% G + C content. Metagenome sequence data are available at EBI under EBI Metagenomics database with accession no. ERP005612. Community metagenomics revealed total 1802 species belonged to 43 different phyla with dominating Marinobacter (48.7%) and Halobacterium (4.6%) genus in bacterial and archaeal domain respectively. Remarkably, 18.2% sequences in a poorly characterized group and 4% gene for various stress responses along with versatile presence of commercial enzyme were evident in a functional metagenome analysis.

  9. DOI in scientific journals of SciELO portal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Gisela Martín

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The research provides a description of the SciELO journals portal and the DOI identifier through its range, year of creation, history, management, policy, structure, ISBN-A and reference sources. It provides information on the implementation of the DOI in citations styles APA and Vancouver, and standards ISO 690-2010 and ABNT6023-2002. The work aimed to explore the degree of implementation of the DOI in scientific journals in SciELO, identify where DOI display, knowing the amount of publishers as DOI prefix, determine the number of journals titles including the ISSN suffix code and identify the degree of implementation of the DOI in the styles and standards of citations available in SciELO. Descriptive methodology was applied where data were collected through direct observation of the websites of the 898 current journals available between the months of December 2012 and January 2013 in SciELO portal. It concludes that less than 50% of the countries in SciELO are currently using the DOI in its publications, primarily displayed code in HTML files, only 30 of the 929 publishers implemented it and most include the ISSN identifier within the suffix. While using the DOI in all citations of the articles, not does so strict as the provisions of the rules and styles.

  10. Konto-eriste

    OpenAIRE

    Kananoja, Tomi

    2010-01-01

    Työn tarkoitus oli määrittää Konto Oy:n kehittämälle turve-eristeelle optimaalinen lämmönjohtavuus ja ääneneristävyys. Hankkeessa olivat yhteistyössä Konto Oy, TAMK:n Tutkimus & Kehitysosasto sekä opiskelijoita. Tutkimukset omalta osaltani jakautuivat Tampereen teknillisen yliopiston laboratoriokokeisiin lämmönjohtavuudesta ja Tampereen ammattikorkeakoulun tiloissa tapahtuvaan koputuskokeeseen. Työ oli kokonaisuudessaan mielenkiintoinen. Yhteyttä pidettiin monen eri tahon kanssa, ja voidaan s...

  11. DOI in scientific journals of SciELO portal

    OpenAIRE

    Martín, Sandra Gisela

    2013-01-01

    Se presenta una descripción del portal de revistas científicas SciELO y del identificador DOI a través de su alcance, año de creación, historia, administración, normativa, estructura, ISBN-A y fuentes de consulta. Se brinda información acerca de la aplicación del DOI en las citas bibliográficas: en los estilos APA y Vancouver y en las normas ISO 690 (ISO, 2010) y ABNT 6023 (ABNT, 2002). El trabajo se propuso explorar el grado de implementación del DOI en las revistas científicas disponibles e...

  12. The about consumer behavior in SciELO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhione Oliveira Santana

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Studies of consumer behavior have called the attention of researchers from different countries and different areas of expertise with the objectives as varied as possible. This article is an interdisciplinary bibliometric study on consumer behavior in the international context (Ibero - American countries and South Africa SciELO (ScientificElectronic Library Online platform. This study examined 153 scientific articles, as a conclusion it was observed that the main research come from the applied social sciences and humanities, with a predominance of the administration area, an area that also holds the most scientific publications, noted also that there is a predominance of texts from a university or even a group of research and empirical studies that dominate the landscape of publications.

  13. Identification of EloR (Spr1851) as a regulator of cell elongation in Streptococcus pneumoniae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamsås, Gro Anita; Straume, Daniel; Ruud Winther, Anja; Kjos, Morten; Frantzen, Cyril Alexander; Håvarstein, Leiv Sigve

    2017-09-01

    In a screen for mutations suppressing the lethal loss of PBP2b in Streptococcus pneumoniae we identified Spr1851 (named EloR), a cytoplasmic protein of unknown function whose inactivation removed the requirement for PBP2b as well as RodA. It follows from this that EloR and the two elongasome proteins must be part of the same functional network. This network also includes StkP, as this serine/threonine kinase phosphorylates EloR on threonine 89 (T89). We found that ΔeloR cells, and cells expressing the phosphoablative form of EloR (EloR T89A ), are significantly shorter than wild-type cells. Furthermore, the phosphomimetic form of EloR (EloR T89E ) is not tolerated unless the cell in addition acquires a truncated MreC or non-functional RodZ protein. By itself, truncation of MreC as well as inactivation of RodZ gives rise to less elongated cells, demonstrating that the stress exerted by the phosphomimetic form of EloR is relieved by suppressor mutations that reduce or abolish the activity of the elongasome. Of note, it was also found that loss of elongasome activity caused by truncation of MreC elicits increased StkP-mediated phosphorylation of EloR. Together, the results support a model in which phosphorylation of EloR stimulates cell elongation, while dephosphorylation has an inhibitory effect. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Satellite image based quantification of invasion and patch dynamics of mesquite ( Prosopis juliflora) in Great Rann of Kachchh, Kachchh Biosphere Reserve, Gujarat, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasha, S. Vazeed; Satish, K. V.; Reddy, C. Sudhakar; Prasada Rao, P. V. V.; Jha, C. S.

    2014-10-01

    The invasion of alien species is a significant threat to global biodiversity and the top driver of climate change. The present study was conducted in the Great Rann of Kachchh, part of Kachchh Biosphere Reserve, Gujarat, India, which has been severely affected by invasion of Prosopis juliflora. The invasive weed infestation has been identified using multi-temporal remote sensing datasets of 1977, 1990, 1999, 2005 and 2011. Spatial analyses of the transition matrix, extent of invasive colonies, patchiness, coalescence and rate of spread were carried out. During the study period of three and half decades, almost 295 km2 of the natural land cover was converted into Prosopis cover. This study has shown an increment of 42.9% of area under Prosopis cover in the Great Rann of Kachchh, part of the Kachchh Biosphere Reserve during 1977 to 2011. Spatial analysis indicates high occupancy of Prosopis cover with most of the invasion (95.9%) occurring in the grasslands and only 4.1% in other land cover types. The process of Prosopis invasion shows high patch initiation, followed by coalescence, indicating aggressive colonization of species. The number of patches within an area of Prosopis habitats by replacing the grasslands. The largest patch of Prosopis cover increased from 144 km2 in 1977 to 430 km2 in 2011. The estimated mean patch size was 7.8 km2 in 1977. The mean patch size was largest during 2011, i.e., 9 km2. The annual spread rate for Prosopis has been estimated as 2.1% during 2005-2011. The present work has investigated the long term changes in Prosopis cover in the Great Rann of Kachchh, part of Kachchh Biosphere Reserve. The spatial database generated will be useful in preparing strategies for the management of Prosopis juliflora.

  15. Impact of SciELO and MEDLINE indexing on submissions to Jornal de Pediatria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blank, Danilo; Buchweitz, Claudia; Procianoy, Renato S

    2005-01-01

    To evaluate the impact of SciELO and MEDLINE indexing on the number of articles submitted to Jornal de Pediatria. Analysis of total article submission, submission of articles from foreign countries and acceptance figures in the following periods: stage I - pre-website (Jan 2000-Mar 2001); stage II - website (Apr 2001-Jul 2002); stage III - SciELO (Aug 2002-Aug 2003); stage IV - MEDLINE (Sep 2003-Dec 2004). There was a significant trend toward linear increase in the number of submissions along the study period (p = 0.009). The number of manuscripts submitted in stages I through IV was 184, 240, 297, and 482, respectively. The number of submissions was similar in stages I and II (p = 0.148), but statistically higher in Stage III (p SciELO indexing was associated with an increase in Brazilian manuscript submissions to Jornal de Pediatria, whereas MEDLINE indexing led to an increase in both Brazilian and foreign submissions.

  16. SciELO: un proyecto cooperativo para la difusión de la ciencia SciELO: A cooperative project for the dissemination of science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Bojo Canales

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Se describe el modelo SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online para la publicación y difusión electrónica de revistas científicas, su origen y evolución, su metodología, componentes, servicios y potencialidades, así como su implantación en España. Con 13 países participantes que suponen 8 portales certificados y 5 portales en desarrollo, más dos portales temáticos, en febrero de 2009 SciELO.org recogía 611 revistas y 195.789 artículos, de los cuales el 46% eran de Ciencias de la Salud, lo que lo convierte en una de las iniciativas de acceso abierto más importantes de cuantas existen. España se une al proyecto en 1999 y lanzó su portal "SciELO España" en 2001, con 4 revistas. En la actualidad incluye 39 títulos del área de Ciencias de la Salud, entre ellos la Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria que se ha incorporado a la colección en 2007 y tiene accesibles 6 números correspondientes a los años 2007 y 2008. Se concluye afirmando que el modelo SciELO contribuye al desarrollo de la investigación y la ciencia, ofreciendo una solución eficiente y eficaz para impulsar y aumentar la difusión de las publicaciones científicas del área iberoamericana.The article describes the SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online model for the electronic publication and dissemination of scientific journals, its origin and evolution, methodology, components, services and potential, and its implantation in Spain. It consists of thirteen participant countries with eight certified web portals, with another 5 under development and another two thematic ones. In February 2009 Scielo.org had 611 magazines and 195,789 articles of which 46% were about health sciences. Spain became a project member in 1999 and launched the SciELO web portal in 2001, as well as 4 magazines. It currently has 39 titles in the field of Health Sciences; one of which is the Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria, which joined the project in 2007 and which

  17. The SciELO Open Access: A Gold Way from the South

    Science.gov (United States)

    Packer, Abel L.

    2009-01-01

    Open access has long emphasized access to scholarly materials. However, open access can also mean access to the means of producing visible and recognized journals. This issue is particularly important in developing and emergent countries. The SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library On-line) project, first started in Brazil and, shortly afterward, in…

  18. SciELO, Scientific Electronic Library Online, a Database of Open Access Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meneghini, Rogerio

    2013-01-01

    This essay discusses SciELO, a scientific journal database operating in 14 countries. It covers over 1000 journals providing open access to full text and table sets of scientometrics data. In Brazil it is responsible for a collection of nearly 300 journals, selected along 15 years as the best Brazilian periodicals in natural and social sciences.…

  19. Ranking Business and Economics Journals in South America Using the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Jennifer K.; Pradenas, Lorena; Parada, Victor; Scherer, Robert F.

    2012-01-01

    Access to published research for knowledge creation and education in the administrative science disciplines in South America has been enhanced since the introduction of the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). Although SciELO has been available as an online journal indexing and publication service since 1998, there have been no…

  20. Pop / Raul Ranne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ranne, Raul

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Genialistid "Genialistid", Roy Ayers "Mahogany Vibe", John Tejada "Logic Memory Center", Joss Stone "Mind, Body & Soul", Fatboy Slim "Palookaville", Soulwax "Any Minute Now", Erinevad esitajad "Super Discount 2"

  1. Propuesta de un buscador para artículos indizados a SciELO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Hugo Arroyo-Hernández

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available La biblioteca electrónica SciELO “Scientific Electronic Library Online” (www.scielo.org permite el acceso gratuito a textos completos de revistas científicas y opera como una red de bibliotecas constituida por diferentes sitios web, en la cual participan 14 países (Argentina, Brasil, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Cuba, España, México, Paraguay, Perú, Portugal, Sudáfrica y Venezuela (...

  2. [SciELO: A cooperative project for the dissemination of science].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bojo Canales, C; Fraga Medín, C; Hernández Villegas, S; Primo Peña, E

    2009-10-01

    The article describes the SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) model for the electronic publication and dissemination of scientific journals, its origin and evolution, methodology, components, services and potential, and its implantation in Spain. It consists of thirteen participant countries with eight certified web portals, with another 5 under development and another two thematic ones. In February 2009 Scielo.org had 611 magazines and 195,789 articles of which 46% were about health sciences. Spain became a project member in 1999 and launched the SciELO web portal in 2001, as well as 4 magazines. It currently has 39 titles in the field of Health Sciences; one of which is the Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria, which joined the project in 2007 and which currently has 6 issues from 2007 and 2008 available. This makes it one of the most important open access initiatives existing. The report concludes by stating that the SciELO model contributes to the development of research and science by offering an effective and efficient method of promoting and increasing the dissemination of scientific publications in Latin America.

  3. Creating a marketing channels strategy for European market entry: a case study for eloSpaces Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Babanina, Daria

    2016-01-01

    This thesis is produced as a case study for eloSpaces, Finnish-Chinese startup company based in Espoo, Finland. eloSpaces develops a unique capsule for people to do the focus work and enjoy privacy. The home market for eloSpaces is China and their current aim is to enter also European market in the nearest future. Therefore, the main objective for thesis was to identify the shortest and most efficient market entry strategy for the full product launch in Europe with highest impact on profits. ...

  4. Avaliação de qualidade do software educativo de autoria ELO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Franco

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo a avaliação da documentação do software educativo ELO, específico para o ensino de línguas on-line, a partir das normas de qualidade ISO/IEC 9126-1, como forma de verificar as necessidades implícitas. Qualidades implícitas  são aquelas  que devem permitir aos usuários o alcance de metas como efetividade, produtividade, segurança e satisfação, em um contexto educacional.

  5. SciELO, Scientific Electronic Library Online, a Database of Open Access Journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogerio Meneghini

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available   This essay discusses SciELO, a scientific journal database operating in 14 countries. It covers over 1000 journals providing open access to full text and table sets of scientometrics data. In Brazil it is responsible for a collection of nearly 300 journals, selected along 15 years as the best Brazilian periodicals in natural and social sciences. Nonetheless, they still are national journal in the sense that over 80% of the articles are published by Brazilian scientists. Important initiatives focused on professionalization and internationalization are considered to bring these journals to a higher level of quality and visibility. DOI: 10.18870/hlrc.v3i3.153

  6. [Systematic review of studies on quality of life indexed on the SciELO database].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landeiro, Graziela Macedo Bastos; Pedrozo, Celine Cristina Raimundo; Gomes, Maria José; Oliveira, Elizabete Regina de Araújo

    2011-10-01

    Interest in the quality of life construct has increased in the same proportion as the output of instruments to measure it. In order to analyze the scientific literature on the subject to provide a reflection on this construct in Brazil, a systematic review of the SciELO database covering the period from January 2001 to December 2006 was conducted. It was divided into 3 phases: the first involving 180 publications, the second 124, and the third 10. Of the 180 publications, 77.4% consisted of production in the last three years, with growth of 32.4% from 2001 to 2006. Of these, 124 were selected for methodological analysis in accordance with the category of the study: 79 (63.9%) instrument application articles; 25 (20.1%) translation, validation, adaptation and construction of a QOL instrument; 10 (8%) qualitative studies on QOL; 5 (4%) bibliographical review, 5 (4%) on the quality of life concept. The next stage involved the use of questionnaires and/or interview scripts in order to obtain a broader consensus on perceived quality of life from the interviewees. It was seen that there was significant scientific output in the period under scrutiny, with diversification of approaches and methodologies, highlighting the complexity of the quality of life construct.

  7. Crystal Structure of the Cul2-Rbx1-EloBC-VHL Ubiquitin Ligase Complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardote, Teresa A F; Gadd, Morgan S; Ciulli, Alessio

    2017-06-06

    Cullin RING E3 ubiquitin ligases (CRLs) function in the ubiquitin proteasome system to catalyze the transfer of ubiquitin from E2 conjugating enzymes to specific substrate proteins. CRLs are large dynamic complexes and attractive drug targets for the development of small-molecule inhibitors and chemical inducers of protein degradation. The atomic details of whole CRL assembly and interactions that dictate subunit specificity remain elusive. Here we present the crystal structure of a pentameric CRL2 VHL complex, composed of Cul2, Rbx1, Elongin B, Elongin C, and pVHL. The structure traps a closed state of full-length Cul2 and a new pose of Rbx1 in a trajectory from closed to open conformation. We characterize hotspots and binding thermodynamics at the interface between Cul2 and pVHL-EloBC and identify mutations that contribute toward a selectivity switch for Cul2 versus Cul5 recognition. Our findings provide structural and biophysical insights into the whole Cul2 complex that could aid future drug targeting. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  8. "Vedes päi elo tulob..." = "Veest saab elu alguse..." : [luuletused] / Miikul Pahomov ; tlk. Jaan Õispuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pahomov, Miikul

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: "Vedes päi elo tulob..." = "Veest saab elu alguse..." ; "Ei skuup voi pajatada denguush..." = "Ei kooner rahast laulda või..." ; "Coma neicud lyydilaane..." = "Kaunis neiu, lüüdi neiu..." ; "Olizhbo purjeh..." = "Oleks puri mul..." ; "Mi om meiden lyhyd elo..." = "Mis on meie pisku elu..." ; "Sinizhed lindud..." = "Sinised linnud..." ; "Ole, kaivo, puhtaz..." = "Ole, allik, puhas..." ; "Pimedas..." = "Pimedas..." ; Ken miä olen? = Kes ma olen ; Lüüdiland = Lüüdiland ; "Sa kuna mäned, minun rahvaz..." = "Kuhu lähed sa, minu rahvas..." ; Minu kibu - minun mua = Minu valu on minu maa ; Lüüdikiel̀ = Lüüdi keel ; Dälgmäizhed = Viimased ; Kand da latv = Känd ja latv ; Kardàlaine külü = Karjala saun ; Petruskoi = Petruskoi ; "Tägä Suomen taivhan al..." = "Siinse soome taeva all..." ; Viiburin - Piiterin tiel = Viiburi - Piiteri teel

  9. Scientific journals in the SciELO database, indicators of impact and the relative position of Ambiente & Água

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Wellausen Dias

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This editorial describes the process of periodic evaluation by CAPES, based on commercial indices proposed by companies such as the ISI FI by Thomson Reuters and SCImago by Scopus and public indices as proposed by SciELO and other freely calculated indices based on Google Scholar and investigates the impact position of the journal Ambiente & Agua compared with journals from the SciELO base. Results show that Ambiente & Agua is in the right path in the search for quality. Its editorial board strongly recommends that Brazilian public scientific agencies consider tools that are cost free and have large coverage for impact evaluation to allow the impact assessment of a range of emerging journals in a common and wide basis for all scientific journals.

  10. Fabrication of GaN with buried tungsten (W) structures using epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) via LP-MOVPE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miyake, Hideto; Yamaguchi, Motoo; Haino, Masahiro

    2000-01-01

    A buried tungsten (W) mask structure with GaN is successfully obtained by epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) technique via low-pressure metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy (LP-MOVPE). The selectivity of GaN growth on the window region vs. the mask region is good. An underlying GaN with a striped W metal mask is easily decomposed above 500 C by the W catalytic effect, by which radical hydrogen is reacted with GaN. It is difficult to bury the W mask because severe damage occurs in the GaN epilayer under the mask. It is found that an underlying AlGaN/GaN layer with a narrow W stripe mask width (mask/window - 2/2 microm) leads the ELO GaN layer to be free from damage, resulting in an excellent W-buried structure

  11. [Letters to the editor published in Peruvian biomedical journals indexed in SciELO-Peru 2006-2013].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montenegro-Idrogo, Juan José; Mejía-Dolores, Jhon William; Chalco-Huamán, Joel L

    2015-01-01

    This bibliometric study describes the characteristics of letters to the editor published between 2006-2013 in biomedical journals indexed in SciELO-Peru.253 letters (10.3% of total publications) were collected. Most letters (139) were in the Peruvian Journal of Experimental Medicine and Public Health, with marked increase throughout those years. 25% of letters submitted included medical student participation. 14% of authors presented with international affiliations and 27% with endogenous affiliation - common in university journals (Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Revista Médica Herediana).The usual criteria justifying the publication of letters were: opinion of medical fact or public domain (35.6%) and discussion of results, methodological flaws or interpretation (22.9%). In biomedical journals indexed in SciELO Peru the letters to the editor comprise a percentage of publications that has increased in recent years, with low publication of letters of findings or primary data, compared with opinion or criticism.

  12. A realidade da cadeia do trigo no Brasil: o elo produtores/cooperativas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Argemiro Luís Brum

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objeto a cadeia produtiva do trigo no Brasil e destaca a realidade econômica de seus principais elos, com ênfase nos elos da produção agrícola e industrial do cereal. Salienta-se que o artigo traz a atualidade do setor no Brasil, a partir da análise dos resultados de pesquisa de campo realizada com produtores rurais, cooperativas e moinhos de trigo. O estudo da cadeia tritícola brasileira, com seus problemas, oferece uma luz para melhor compreensão das condições que o país possui para não só responder às dúvidas expostas, mas, sobretudo, apontar o caminho seguido pela produção de trigo no Brasil nesse início de século XXI. A triticultura nacional está ameaçada e dificilmente alcançará a auto-suficiência, pois os produtores brasileiros não possuem vantagens comparativas e competitivas suficientes, particularmente em relação aos produtores argentinos. A comercialização do trigo também enfrenta dificuldades, tanto na questão de preços do produto, quanto na qualidade exigida pelos moinhos. A retirada da intervenção estatal na produção nacional de trigo, em 1990/91, que a deixou ao sabor do mercado, alterou completamente o quadro de competitividade dos produtores e da própria cadeia produtiva. Uma das principais conclusões é de que a cadeia tritícola brasileira não funciona a contento, a eficiência da produção nacional está em xeque e seu futuro, comprometido.The present article is about the wheat productive chain in Brazil and focuses on the economic reality of its main connecting links, with emphasis on the links between agricultural and industrial production. Let it be accentuated that the article brings present time accounts of the sector in Brazil, from the result analysis of field research among agricultural producers, producer co-operatives and wheat mills. The study of the Brazilian wheat culture chain, with its problems, offers a broader view to understand the e country

  13. Anthropometric indicators of abdominal obesity: review of the papers indexed on SciELO electronic library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Barnabé dos Santos Cavalcanti

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2009v11n2p217   A systematic review of original articles published between 1993 and 2007 and indexed in SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online was carried out to identify the anthropometric indicators used to assess abdominal obesity in different target subgroups, and to provide an overview of available evidence regarding the relationship between these anthropometric indicators and obesity-associated comorbidities. The articles were analyzed and the following data were collected:year of publication, sample size and age, anthropometric measure used to detect abdominal obesity, and main results of the study. The review comprised 47 articles which met all inclusion criteria, most of them published over the last 5 years. Waist-hip ratio and waist circumference were used as indicators of abdominal obesity in 34 and 11 of the articles reviewed, respectively. With respect to age range, the samples were heterogeneous in most of the studies (n=27 and ten included adolescents. Four studies were conducted on elderly subjects and three included children, but none exclusively involved adolescents as the target population. The sample size was larger than 500 in 26 studies. Despite disagreement in terms of the degree of correlation, the studies generally showed that the anthropometric indicators of abdominal obesity were correlated with hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemias, and coronary heart risk. The results of this review suggest that abdominal obesity is associated with metabolic diseases. However, there is a lack of studies involving the adolescent population, suggesting the need for further research in this area.

  14. Structural analysis of ELO-GaN grown on a sapphire substrate as the underlying layer of a GaN-based laser diode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyajima, Takao; Hino, Tomonori; Narui, Hironobu [Materials Laboratories, Sony Corporation, 4-14-1 Asahi, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0014 (Japan); Takeda, Shingo; Tsusaka, Yoshiyuki; Matsui, Junji [Graduate School of Material Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori-cho, Hyogo (Japan); Kudo, Yoshihiro; Tomiya, Shigetaka [Materials Analysis Lab., Sony Corporation, 4-16-1 Okada, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0021 (Japan); Goto, Shu; Ikeda, Masao [Shiroishi Laser Ctr., Semiconductor Laser Div., Sony Corp., 3-53-2 Shiratori, Shiroishi, Miyagi 989-0734 (Japan)

    2007-01-15

    Using micro-beam X-ray diffraction (XRD), small c-axis tilting was observed in maskless epitaxially laterally overgrown GaN (ELO-GaN), which is a suitable underlying layer for realizing a reliable GaN-based blue-violet laser diode. By analyzing the micro-scale structure of ELO-GaN without coalescence and the ambient-temperature dependence of the tilting angle, we conclude that the small c-axis tilting is caused by compressive stress in the seed region of ELO-GaN. (copyright 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  15. Impacto da indexação no SciELO e MEDLINE sobre as submissões ao Jornal de Pediatria Impact of SciELO and MEDLINE indexing on submissions to Jornal de Pediatria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Blank

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto da indexação no SciELO e MEDLINE sobre o número de artigos submetidos ao Jornal de Pediatria. MÉTODOS: Análise do total de artigos submetidos, artigos estrangeiros submetidos e índices de aceitação, nos seguintes períodos: estágio I - pré-site (janeiro/2000-março/2001; estágio II - site (abril/2001-julho/2002; estágio III - SciELO (agosto/2002-agosto/2003; estágio IV - MEDLINE (setembro/2003-dezembro/2004. RESULTADOS: Houve uma tendência significativa de aumento linear no número de submissões, durante o período do estudo (p = 0,009. O número de originais submetidos nos estágios I a IV foi, respectivamente: 184, 240, 297 e 482. O número de submissões foi similar nos estágios I e II (p = 0,148, mas foi significativamente maior no estágio III (p OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of SciELO and MEDLINE indexing on the number of articles submitted to Jornal de Pediatria. METHODS: Analysis of total article submission, submission of articles from foreign countries and acceptance figures in the following periods: stage I - pre-website (Jan 2000-Mar 2001; stage II - website (Apr 2001-Jul 2002; stage III - SciELO (Aug 2002-Aug 2003; stage IV - MEDLINE (Sep 2003-Dec 2004. RESULTS: There was a significant trend toward linear increase in the number of submissions along the study period (p = 0.009. The number of manuscripts submitted in stages I through IV was 184, 240, 297, and 482, respectively. The number of submissions was similar in stages I and II (p = 0.148, but statistically higher in Stage III (p < 0.001 vs. Stage I and p = 0.006 vs. Stage II and Stage IV (p < 0.001 vs. stages I and II, and p < 0.05 vs. stage III. The rate of article acceptance decreased during the study period. The number of original articles published has been stable since the 2001 March/April issue (n = 10, when the journal reached a printed page limit, leading to stricter judgment criteria and a relative decrease in acceptance

  16. Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, evaluación desde su ingreso en la Red SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, evaluation since joining SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ascensión Bernal Zamora

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza una revisión de los principales cambios editoriales y de contenido sufridos por la revista de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo durante los últimos 5 años, coincidiendo con el periodo desde que ingresó en SciELO (ScientificElectronic Library Online (2007-2011. En el periodo estudiado se han realizado un número de consultas a sus artículos superior a los 190 mil, ha tenido un Factor de Impacto (FI SciELO del 1.22, se ha incrementado el número de artículos recibidos de diferentes países de América y Europa y se la revista ha sido indizada en diferentes Bases de Datos bibliográficas internacionales (SciELO, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ, Google Schoolar, Eprints in Library and InformationScience (E-LIS y LATINDEX y nacionales (IBECS, IME, Base de Datos del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC, DIALNET y CUIDEN. La calidad editorial y de contenidos también se han visto mejoradas con diferentes modificaciones y cambios introducidos. Se cuenta con la participación editorial de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud, Oficina regional para las Américas de la Organización M undial del Salud (OPS/OMS, se ha producido un incremento superior al 40% de los artículos publicados en el último quinquenio respecto al periodo anterior, pasando de 118 a 202 artículos. El número de Editoriales y casos Clínicos también se incrementan en un porcentaje del 40 %. Los Artículos Originales se incrementan en algo más del 50% (53 versus 109, encontrando el mayor incremento en los Artículos de revisión que pasan de 3 en el primer anterior a 25 en el periodo de estudio. Por último, en 2011, Medicina y Seguridad en el Trabajo ha publicado por primera vez un número monográfico especial sobre Factores Psicosociales, Salud laboral y Salud Mental que incluye 15 artículos de revisión sobre temas de actualidad realizados por especialistas en la materia. Los resultados estimulan el afán por del Equipo Editorial

  17. Novos conceitos em nutrição: reflexões a respeito do elo dieta e saúde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANGELIS Rebeca Carlota de

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A respeito do elo dieta-saúde, discutem-se os efeitos fisiológicos de alguns alimentos na redução de riscos de doenças degenerativas tais como enfermidades cardiovasculares e certos tipos de câncer. O novo conceito de alimento funcional com efeitos protetores e preventivos é apresentado com alguns exemplos altamente estudados cientificamente . Entre estes a proteção de osteoporose, através de fitoestrôgenos da soja, os aspectos protetores do azeite de oliva e as interferências do método de extração do azeite. Sumarizam-se algumas condutas gerais para obter os nutrientes adequados e suficientes para uma dieta saudável, protetora e preventiva.

  18. Regional and global science: Publications from Latin America and the Caribbean in the SciELO Citation Index and the Web of Science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vélez-Cuartas, G.; Lucio-Arias, D.; Leydesdorff, L.

    2016-01-01

    In this article the authors compare the visibility of Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) publications in the Core Collection indexes of the Web of Science (WoS) inlcuding Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, and Arts & Humanities Citation Index, and the SciELO Citation

  19. Impact of the Extended Learning Opportunities Summer Adventures in Learning (ELO SAIL) Program on Student Academic Performance: Part 1, Results from Fall 2012 to Fall 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper-Martin, Elizabeth; Wolanin, Natalie; Jang, Seong; Modarresi, Shahpar; Zhao, Huafang

    2016-01-01

    Extended Learning Opportunities Summer Adventures in Learning (ELO SAIL) is a Montgomery County Public Schools summer program for students in all Title I elementary schools; it targets students who will be in kindergarten-Grade 2 in the fall following the program. This report analyzed demographic characteristics of attendees and the impact of the…

  20. Home and away - Raymond Pettibon and Marko Mäetamm / Alistair Hicks, Elo-Hanna Seljamaa, Marko Mäetamm, Liina Siib

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Vestluringis on näituse „Kodus ja võõrsil. Raymond Pettibon: Ameerika unelmas elades. Marko Mäetamm: Tunne end nagu kodus” kuraator Alistair Hicks, Marko Mäetamm, Elo-Hanna Seljamaa ja Liina Siib

  1. A quantitative and qualitative evaluation of reports of clinical trials published in six Brazilian dental journals indexed in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Freitas de Souza

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Open access publishing is becoming increasingly popular within the biomedical sciences. SciELO, the Scientific Electronic Library Online, is a digital library covering a selected collection of Brazilian scientific journals many of which provide open access to full-text articles.This library includes a number of dental journals some of which may include reports of clinical trials in English, Portuguese and/or Spanish. Thus, SciELO could play an important role as a source of evidence for dental healthcare interventions especially if it yields a sizeable number of high quality reports. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify reports of clinical trials by handsearching of dental journals that are accessible through SciELO, and to assess the overall quality of these reports. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic versions of six Brazilian dental Journals indexed in SciELO were handsearched at www.scielo.br in September 2008. Reports of clinical trials were identified and classified as controlled clinical trials (CCTs - prospective, experimental studies comparing 2 or more healthcare interventions in human beings or randomized controlled trials (RCTs - a random allocation method is clearly reported, according to Cochrane eligibility criteria. CRITERIA TO ASSESS METHODOLOGICAL QUALITY INCLUDED: method of randomization, concealment of treatment allocation, blinded outcome assessment, handling of withdrawals and losses and whether an intention-to-treat analysis had been carried out. RESULTS: The search retrieved 33 CCTs and 43 RCTs. A majority of the reports provided no description of either the method of randomization (75.3% or concealment of the allocation sequence (84.2%. Participants and outcome assessors were reported as blinded in only 31.2% of the reports. Withdrawals and losses were only clearly described in 6.5% of the reports and none mentioned an intention-to-treat analysis or any similar procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The results of

  2. A quantitative and qualitative evaluation of reports of clinical trials published in six Brazilian dental journals indexed in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, Raphael Freitas; Chaves, Carolina de Andrade Lima; Nasser, Mona; Fedorowicz, Zbys

    2010-01-01

    Open access publishing is becoming increasingly popular within the biomedical sciences. SciELO, the Scientific Electronic Library Online, is a digital library covering a selected collection of Brazilian scientific journals many of which provide open access to full-text articles.This library includes a number of dental journals some of which may include reports of clinical trials in English, Portuguese and/or Spanish. Thus, SciELO could play an important role as a source of evidence for dental healthcare interventions especially if it yields a sizeable number of high quality reports. The aim of this study was to identify reports of clinical trials by handsearching of dental journals that are accessible through SciELO, and to assess the overall quality of these reports. Electronic versions of six Brazilian dental Journals indexed in SciELO were handsearched at www.scielo.br in September 2008. Reports of clinical trials were identified and classified as controlled clinical trials (CCTs - prospective, experimental studies comparing 2 or more healthcare interventions in human beings) or randomized controlled trials (RCTs - a random allocation method is clearly reported), according to Cochrane eligibility criteria. CRITERIA TO ASSESS METHODOLOGICAL QUALITY INCLUDED: method of randomization, concealment of treatment allocation, blinded outcome assessment, handling of withdrawals and losses and whether an intention-to-treat analysis had been carried out. The search retrieved 33 CCTs and 43 RCTs. A majority of the reports provided no description of either the method of randomization (75.3%) or concealment of the allocation sequence (84.2%). Participants and outcome assessors were reported as blinded in only 31.2% of the reports. Withdrawals and losses were only clearly described in 6.5% of the reports and none mentioned an intention-to-treat analysis or any similar procedure. The results of this study indicate that a substantial number of reports of trials and systematic

  3. Cartas al editor publicadas en revistas biomédicas peruanas indizadas en SciELO-Perú 2006-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Montenegro-Idrogo

    Full Text Available Estudio bibliométrico que describe las características de cartas al editor publicadas en el período 2006-2013 en revistas biomédicas indizadas a SciELO-Perú. Se recopilaron 253 cartas (10,3% del total de publicaciones, el mayor número de cartas (139 fue de la Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública, con notorio aumento por años. El 25% de cartas presentaron participación médico-estudiantil. El 14% de cartas presentaron autores con filiación internacional y 27% de cartas con filiación endogénica - frecuente en revistas universitarias (AFM, RMH. Los criterios habituales que justifican la publicación de cartas fueron: opinión sobre hecho médico o de dominio público (35,6% y discusión de resultados, defectos metodológicos o de interpretación (22,9%. En revistas biomédicas indizadas a SciELO-Perú las cartas al editor constituyen un porcentaje de publicaciones que ha aumentado en los últimos años, con baja la publicación de cartas de hallazgos o datos propios, en comparación con criterios de opinión o crítica

  4. Kuidas tuua Eestisse Tiger Woods / Raul Ranne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ranne, Raul

    2008-01-01

    Reaalselt arvestades on tõenäosus, et Eestit väisab golfistaar Tiger Woods, muidugi olematu. Teoreetiliselt on see siiski võimalik. Vestlusest Jõelähtme golfiväljakut opereeriv Estonian Golf Country Clubi presidendi Mait Schmidtiga

  5. Krediidipanga suur kosilane Moskvast / Raul Ranne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ranne, Raul

    2005-01-01

    Krediidipanga hiljemalt juunis toimuval aktsiaemissioonil antakse uute aktsiate märkimise eesõigus Latvian Business Bankile, millest lõviosa kuulub Venemaa suurpangale Bank of Moscow. Lisa: Krediidipanga suurimad aktsionärid täna

  6. NSF-RANN trace contaminants abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Copenhaver, E.D.; Harnden, D.S.

    1976-10-01

    Specific areas of interest of the Environmental Aspects of Trace Contaminants Program are organic chemicals of commerce, metals and organometallic compounds, air-borne contaminants, and environmental assay methodology. Fifty-three abstracts of literature on trace contaminants are presented. Author, keyword, and permuted title indexes are included

  7. Vene kriis kukutas Norma juhid / Raul Ranne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ranne, Raul

    1998-01-01

    AS Norma vallandas ettevõtte tegevjuhi Peep Aaviksoo, sest ei olnud rahul ettevõtte tegevusega Venemaal. Tabelid: Norma aktsia on kukkunud, Norma kuukasum miinuses. Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti, 9. sept. 1998, lk. 10

  8. La incertidumbre de los resultados en las ligas española, inglesa e italiana (2008/09 mediante el rating ELO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sala Garrido, Ramon

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN En numerosas ocasiones se discute si una determinada liga es la mejor de Europa o si es otra, pero muchas veces ese concepto de “mejor” queda indefinido y se basa en elementos subjetivos o apreciaciones. El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar las ligas, española, inglesa e italiana, utilizando el rating ELO para poder determinar cual de las ligas es más homogénea en términos de equilibrio entre los equipos.El interés de una liga depende en gran parte de que exista incertidumbre en el resultado, es decir, lo que viene a denominarse como balance competitivo entre los equipos que la forman, ya que si no es así, la competición pierde interés en la medida en que el resultado es demasiado prfevisible, es decir, que los “buenos” equipos siempre vencen a los restantes, con lo que se perjudica al espectáculo y por tanto, las ganancias que reportan los ingresos, especialmente los televisivos.ABSTRACT It is often discussed whether a particular football league (soccer in America is the best league. However, the term 'best' is often indefinite and based on subjective elements. The aim of this study is to compare the Spanish, English and Italian leagues by using the ELO rating system to determine which league is more homogeneous in terms of balance between the teams. The level of interest in a league largely depends on the uncertainty of outcome or the competitive balance between the teams. If there is a competitive imbalance between the teams then the competition loses interest because the expected results coincide with the real results, namely the 'top' teams always win against the others. This can damage the spectacle, and therefore the earnings produced – especially in the case of television.

  9. Sustainability of Latin American initiatives that publish open access journals using the XML-JATS standard: the case SciELO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Guzmán-Useche

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: It is performed a sustainability analysis of the Latin American initiative scielo.org based on two main aspects, the economic and the need for its existence. Method: To achieve that, the required man-hours to publish a scientific paper were measured, using its new publication methodology called XML SPS. 40 articles published in scientific journals of different areas of knowledge are processed; journals from Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela, using that methodology. Results showed that the preparation of the document takes on average 35% of the total time (σ = 9.72%, while the tagging process takes on average 50% of the time (σ = 8.50%, finally the sections corresponding to references, acknowledgments and appendices (back takes the majority of the time. Conclusions: This analysis indicates that the SciELO publishing model is sustainable from the point of view of the need for its existence, but in the economic terms seems not to be fully sustainable for all countries in the region, because it is a technically complex process that not all publishers are able to perform, making outsourcing of that procedure to be necessary, which requires a greater budget for the journal that can jeopardize the sustainability and the control of this publishing model.

  10. Recombination dynamics in coalesced a-plane GaN ELO structures investigated by high spatially and ps-time-resolved cathodoluminescence microscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bastek, B.; Bertram, F.; Christen, J. [Institute of Experimental Physics, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg (Germany); Wernicke, T.; Weyers, M. [Ferdinand-Braun-Institut fuer Hoechstfrequenztechnik, Berlin (Germany); Kneissl, M. [Institute of Solid State Physics, Technical University, Berlin (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    The characteristic epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) domains of fully coalesced a-plane GaN layers were directly imaged by highly spatially and spectrally resolved cathodoluminescence microscopy (CL) at 5 K. The patterned layers were grown by MOVPE on r-plane sapphire substrate and stripe masks oriented in the [01 anti 10] direction. In the area of coherent growth (I) the broad basal plane stacking fault (BSF) emission centered at 3.41 eV dominates the spectra. Also in the region (II) of coalescence the BSF luminescence dominates, however, the intensity increases by one order of magnitude compared to area (I). In complete contrast, in the stripes associated with the laterally grown domains (III) in [0001] direction, exclusively an intense and sharp (D{sup 0},X) emission at 3.475 eV is observed. ps-time-resolved CL of the free excitons (FX) recorded from this domains (III) decays bi-exponentially. The initial lifetime of 180 ps is primarily given by the capture of FX by impurities to form bound excitons (BE). With rising temperature this capture time constant decreases as T{sup -1/4} and reaches a minimum of 104 ps at T=60 K. Above 60 K, i.e. when FX starts to dominate the BEs, the lifetime increases rapidly to a value of 240 ps for 300 K.

  11. [SciELO Public Health: the performance of Cadernos de Saúde Pública and Revista de Saúde Pública].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barata, Rita Barradas

    2007-12-01

    The aim of this paper was to analyze two Brazilian scientific journals included in the SciELO Library of Public Health, using a group of bibliometric indicators and scrutinizing the articles most viewed. Cadernos de Saúde Pública was accessed 3,743.59 times per month, with an average of 30.31 citations per article. The 50 articles most viewed (6.72 to 524.5 views) were mostly published in Portuguese (92%). 42% were theoretical essays, 20% surveys, and 16% descriptive studies. 42% used argumentative techniques, 34% quantitative techniques, 18% qualitative techniques, and 6% mathematical modeling. The most common themes were: health and work (50%), epidemiology (22%), and environmental health (8%). Revista de Saúde Pública was accessed 1,590.97 times per month, with an average of 26.27 citations per article. The 50 articles most viewed (7.33 and 56.50 views) were all published in Portuguese: 46% were surveys, 14% databases analysis, and 12% systematic reviews. Quantitative techniques were adopted in 66% of such articles, while mathematical modeling was the same as observed in Cadernos de Saúde Pública, as were qualitative techniques. The most common themes were health services organization (22%), nutrition (22%), health and work (18%), epidemiology (12%), and environmental health (12%).

  12. "Üks, tuks. Sjoo elo om - tuks..." : [luuletused : võru keeles] / Aljona Jeltsova ; komi keelest tõlkinud Nikolai Kuznetsov, võru keelde Kauksi Ülle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jeltsova, Aljona

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: "Üks, tuks. Sjoo elo om - tuks..." ; "Ammuq lännüq pilveq - luigaq..." ; "Ma üles märki laulu jovva-õs..." ; Sukka mi ; "Täämbä üüse om taivah üts täht..." ; "Ma tulõ viirde uma süäme jäti..."

  13. A CULINÁRIA INDÍGENA COMO ELO DE PASSAGEM DA “CULTURA” PARA A “NATUREZA”: INVERTENDO LÉVI-STRAUSS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MÁRTIN CÉSAR TEMPASS

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available According to Claude Lévi-Strauss, the cuisine constitutes a passing link fromstage of nature to stage of culture. Based on ethnographic research among the Mbyá-Guarani,this article analyzes this assertion under the light of the Amerindian cosmology. However, thedichotomy between nature and culture does not apply to indigenous groups, since for thesenature and culture constitute a hybrid. To this hybridism might also be added the domain ofsupernatural. In terms of analysis this hybrid configuration does not allow any kind oftransition from one domain to another. Yet the transition is possible among the three possibleconditions of life in cosmos – animality, humanity and divinity. Human beings may perform thetransition to animality as well as the transition to divinity. But no matter the course of thetransition, although in different conditions in cosmos, from humanity one will always achieveanimality. As conceptualized by Lévi-Strauss, from culture always occurs the trasition to nature.However, in one direction ex-humans will control nature beings, in another one, they will becontrolled by nature. This isn’t just about a peculiarity of indigenous groups, it may also befound in societies so-called “modern”, however under others shapes.Segundo Claude Lévi-Strauss, a culinária constitui um elo de passagem da etapada natureza para o estágio da cultura. A partir da pesquisa etnográfica realizada entre osMbyá-Guarani, o presente artigo analisa esta afirmação sob a luz da cosmologia ameríndia.No entanto, a dicotomia entre natureza e cultura não se aplica aos grupos indígenas, pois, paraestes, as categorias natureza e cultura constituem um híbrido. E a este hibridismo podemosacrescentar também o domínio da sobrenatureza. E, em termos de análise, essa configuraçãohibrida não possibilita haver qualquer tipo de passagem entre um domínio e outro. Mas apassagem é possível entre as três possíveis condições de vida no cosmos

  14. The Operation of Vaca Muerta and the Socioeconomic Impact in Neuquén Province. The Case of Añelo. Effects of the National Hydrocarbon Law reform (2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Mariel Giuliani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The economy of the Province of Neuquén is centered in hydrocarbon operation, that represents around 50% of the GDP and affects public budget through royalties income. The decline of oil and gas extraction, verified in Argentina, has caused serious difficulties to the Neuquino State to fulfill its commitments, making Public Debt an inherent variable. The local leadership expectations to reverse this situation are focused on unconventional resources from Vaca Muerta and Los Molles, in the Neuquina Basin. At the same time, the National Government, through YPF, rely on these geological formations development to overcome external restriction.The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of the increased activity in the oil and gas sector in Neuquen, deepening our research about the town of Añelo, which became the operating companies main settlement. Another aspect to be addressed will be the legal framework reform process carried out during 2014, in order to point out the effects of the new legislation in the territory, considering that it incorporates instruments to increase investments. Key words: Hydrocarbon, Añelo, Legal Framework. 

  15. The Technical Integration of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System to Predict the Peak Discharge Which Uses the Characteristic of Physical Environment of Catchments Area In Elo Sub Catchments Area in Central java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugiharto Budi Santoso

    2004-01-01

    The results of the research show that: (1 the aerial photo of black and white panchromatic on the scale 1:50. 000 is obtained to interpret the slope area and it is not good to interpret the accuracy of the covered arm is about 87% and 77,4 %, (2 the current coeflicient which is accounted hased on the table of Cook method is about 40,36% - deviates 39,94% from the field data; (3 the peak discharge in Elo sub catchments area with rational formula is about 3022,03 m/second, while the peak discharge as the observation result is about 112,675 m/second. Its large of research area causs the time to peak takes a long time, which causes raining intensity increases. The increasing value of raining intensity and the flow coeficient makes the value of peak discharge increases that larger than measured peak discharge.

  16. "Lootust ei tohiks siiski kaotada" / Sergei Loznitsa ; intervjueerinud Raul Ranne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loznitsa, Sergei, 1964-

    2010-01-01

    Sergei Loznitsa mängufilm „Minu õnn”, (Ukraina-Holland-Saksamaa-Prantsusmaa 2010) võitis Pimedate Ööde filmifestivali grand prix. Intervjuu režissööriga filmist, lumest, kurjusest ja ebaõiglusest

  17. Putini lemmikud noolivad E.O.S-i / Raul Ranne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ranne, Raul

    2004-01-01

    Transiidifirma E.O.S (Estonian Oil Service) võimalikust omanikuvahetusest, kus ostjateks võivad osutuda Venemaa uued oligarhid. Aleksei Mordashovi juhitav Severstaltrans. Tabel: E.O.S-i majandustulemused

  18. The SciELO Brazilian Scientific Journal Gateway and Open Archives; Usability of Hypermedia Educational e-Books; Building Upon the MyLibrary Concept To Better Meet the Information Needs of College Students; Open Archives and UK Institutions; The Utah Digital Newspapers Project; Examples of Practical Digital Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcondes, Carlos Henrique; Sayao, Luis Fernando; Diaz, Paloma; Gibbons, Susan; Pinfield, Stephen; Kenning, Arlitsch; Edge, Karen; Yapp, L.; Witten, Ian H.

    2003-01-01

    Includes six articles that focus on practical uses of technologies developed from digital library research in the areas of education and scholarship reflecting the international impact of digital library research initiatives. Includes the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) (Brazil); the National Science Foundation (NSF) (US); the Joint…

  19. Educação de Jovens e Adultos: contribuições de artigos em periódicos brasileiros indexados na base SciELO (2010-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Marini Braga

    Full Text Available RESUMO:Este trabalho apresenta pesquisa bibliográfica sobre temas, abordagens e proposições de 79 artigos referentes à Educação de Jovens e Adultos (EJA disponíveis em periódicos brasileiros indexados na base SciELO (2010-2014. Chama a atenção o quantitativo de publicações do quinquênio superar o da década anterior e a concentração de textos voltados à escolarização. Dentre as proposições, está a de uma política de Estado para a EJA, da Alfabetização ao Ensino Médio, considerando os diferentes contextos marcados pela diversidade, e de oferta/aprimoramento de formação docente. Dentre os temas emergentes, destacam-se: Educação Profissional integrada à Educação Básica; Educação na Prisão; e Educação e Saúde. Identificou-se a presença pouco significativa em relação a Arte, Educação Ambiental e História, com silêncio em Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação e Geografia. A Educação Popular aparece discretamente, contudo, a problematização de questões teórico-metodológicas remete à reflexão sobre seus princípios na contemporaneidade.

  20. Koondise võistlustegevus / Elo Saue

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saue, Elo, 1972-

    2014-01-01

    Eesti orienteerumisjooksu koondise liikmete esinemisest Euroopa meistrivõistlustel Portugalis Palmelas 10.-16. aprillini ja Maailma Karika etappidel Kemeris 28. veebruarist 2. märtsini, Hispaanias Murcia-Cehegínis 5. ja 6. aprillil, Norras Kongsbergis 7. ja 8. juunil ning Soomes Imatras 11. ja 12. juunil

  1. Análise automática de citações disponíveis em arquivos XML da SciELO: o periódico "Perspectivas em Ciência da Informação" em números

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Cirino de Mattos

    Full Text Available O artigo demonstra o uso de arquivos eXtensible Markup Language (XML da Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO para a criação de uma base de citações do periódico Perspectivas em Ciência da Informação. Demonstra também o uso desta base de citações fornecendo uma visão bibliométrica desse periódico para o período em que os arquivos estavam disponíveis na SciELO: 2006 a 2014, do volume 11 edição 1 ao volume 19 edição 4, incluindo o número especial desse volume. Foram analisados 532 artigos, e os resultados mostraram 387 artigos com 10.266 citações usadas (145 artigos não apresentaram nenhuma citação. O principal objetivo do artigo é destacar a possibilidade de automação da análise bibliométrica a partir da metodologia proposta - e por esse motivo os dados são apresentados sem nenhum tipo de tratamento de desambiguação. São apresentados relatórios similares aos modelos iniciais de Garfield (1972 para o Science Citation Index (SCI: frequências de citações, estatísticas dos periódicos citados e estatísticas dos periódicos citantes. Sugere-se a disponibilização da base de citações, com atualização automática, de forma integrada ao site do periódico, e a aplicação da metodologia para outros periódicos indexados na SciELO

  2. Was the Rann of Kachchh navigable during the Harappan times (Mid-Holocene)? An archaeological perspective

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaur, A.S.; Vora, K.H.; Sundaresh; ManiMurali, R.; Jayakumar, S.

    The Kachchh region, presently, is one of the difficul t areas in the Indian subcontinent for human settlement due to harsh climate, scanty rainfall and hence no scope for agriculture production. However, the region was probably densely populated...

  3. Arnold Rüütel superstar ehk kevadine veinituur Gruusiasse / Raul Ranne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ranne, Raul

    2006-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütli visiidist Gruusiasse. Vt. samas lk. A14 intervjuud presidendi kaaskonnas olnud suurettevõtja Urmas Sõõrumaaga. Sõõrumaa: "Ma soovitan Gruusiat!". Vabariigi Presidendi ametlik visiit Gruusia Vabariiki 9.-13.05.2006

  4. Vägistaja käerauad osutusid kuldseteks / Raul Ranne, Rain Pruul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ranne, Raul

    2010-01-01

    Vägistamises süüdimõistetud Arunas Mickevicius varjas ennast 10 aastat välismaal (1997-2007), tabamisel ta vangistati, kuid Riigikohus vabastas mehe kuriteo aegumise tõttu ning talle määrati alusetult vangis istutud 151 päeva eest hüvitist 160 000 krooni

  5. O processo de aprendizagem em redes horizontais do elo varejista do agronegócio: uma análise sob a perspectiva das estratégias, dos métodos e dos estágios evolutivos The learning process in horizontal networks of the agribusiness retail chain: an analysis from the strategies, methods and evolutive stages perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vânia de Fátima Barros Estivalete

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa tem como foco o estudo da aprendizagem em duas redes horizontais, do ramo gaúcho de supermercados. Estas redes fazem parte do elo do varejo do segmento do agronegócio, o qual exerce um papel dominante na definição das escolhas das atividades das demais empresas e fornecedores (elos que participam dos relacionamentos interorganizacionais. Assim, os objetivos deste trabalho consistem em: (i identificar as estratégias individuais de aprendizagem adotadas pelas organizações que participam das redes horizontais analisadas; (ii identificar como as empresas inseridas em redes horizontais aprendem (método de aprendizagem e; (iii verificar em que estágio evolutivo de aprendizagem interorganizacional as empresas se encontram. A presente pesquisa caracterizase por ser de natureza qualitativa e exploratória e o método adotado é o do estudo de casos múltiplos. A coleta dos dados ocorreu através de questionários, entrevistas, análise documental e histórias de aprendizagem. Os resultados revelaram que existe diferença entre as estratégias, os métodos e os estágios evolutivos de aprendizagem interorganizacional adotados pelas empresas pertencentes às duas redes estudadas e estas podem ser decorrentes da participação de um coordenador externo e da existência de um planejamento conjunto das ações e atitudes desenvolvidas. Na rede que conta com a presença de um coordenador externo identificou-se um comportamento estratégico voltado à colaboração, o método de aprendizagem utilizado é o interativo e o estágio evolutivo caracteriza-se como sendo de re-orientação. Na rede onde não há a presença de um coordenador externo constatou-se comportamentos estratégicos voltados à evitação e, compromisso em direção à competição, os métodos de aprendizagem utilizados são aprendizagem ativa e passiva e o estágio evolutivo é o de convergência.This research has as focus the study of the learning in two horizontal

  6. Living with a parasite / Elo-Hanna Seljamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seljamaa, Elo-Hanna, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    Ehtekunstnike Kärt Marani (s. 1980), Argo Männiku (s. 1977), Bruno Lillemetsa (s. 1979), Sven Tali, Ester Faimani (s. 1975), Maarja Niinemäe ja Katrin Veegeni näitus "Tallinna lennuväli : anti-venenos"

  7. Krista Leppiko : Eesti sobib kodu rajamiseks / Elo Odres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Odres, Elo, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Viasat Eestit pool aastat juhtiv Krista Leppiko on globaaleestlaste põlvkonna tüüpiline esindaja. Haridustee, töökogemus ja elu välismaal, töö meediaalal. Vt. samas: Aet Viira, "Teeme ära!" - Krista; Rändnäitlejast tippjuhiks; Kommenteerib Adriaan Kik

  8. Figuratividade: o complexo elo entre as palavras e as coisas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada Lima Ferreira de Sousa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata do conceito de figuratividade no âmbito dos estudos cognitivos da linguagem. Apresenta a polarização, herdada dos gregos antigos, entre o que se convencionou como figurativo e literal, o que resultou no entendimento de que pensamento e linguagem são inerentemente literais. Nessa concepção, o figurativo seria um recurso não natural, propositadamente utilizado como estratégia estilística. Assim, o uso da figuratividade passou a ser associado a prejuízos à suposta transparência da linguagem e dos significados a ela inerentes. Embora essa concepção não tenha sido suplantada, as perspectivas cognitivas contemporâneas que tratam do fenômeno linguístico como sendo intrínseco à cognição oferecem-nos uma outra visão acerca da figuratividade. A Teoria Neural da Linguagem, em particular, tem reforçado, teórica e empiricamente, a compreensão acerca dos mecanismos cognitivos envolvidos na construção de sentidos. De igual relevância, esse arcabouço teórico tem apresentado evidências de que as experiências corpóreas estão na raiz da construção de parte das estruturas mentais evidenciadas no uso da linguagem, de modo que a natureza peculiar de nosso corpo contribui para as peculiaridades de nosso sistema conceptual. A integração entre corpo e mente, de modo que emoções e abstrações devem ser conceptualizadas a partir de elementos mais concretos, de base corpórea, oferece novos contornos à explicação para o fenômeno linguístico da figuratividade. Palavras-chave: Figuratividade. Cognição. Teoria Neural da Linguagem.

  9. NT Logistika kitsaskohast sai ettevõttele trump / Elo Odres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Odres, Elo, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    NT Logistika pälvis kõige pere- ja töötajasõbralikuma ettevõtte tiitli. Vt. samas: Edetabel: Töötajasõbralike TOP; Peresõbralike TOP; Massaaž tuleb firmasse kätte; Suurfirmadel raske konkureerida; Töötajate lastest võrsub järelkasv; Tasuta lõunad on olemas

  10. O significado cultural atribuído ao centro de terapia intensiva por clientes e seus familiares: um elo entre a beira do abismo e a liberdade El significado cultural atribuido al proceso de hospitalización en centro de terapia intensiva por clientes y sus familiares: un eslabón entre el borde del abismo y la libertad The cultural meaning attributed to the intensive care unit by clients and their parents: a link between abysm border and freedom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rejane Cussi Assunção Lemos

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo etnográfico teve como objetivo identificar os significados culturais que os clientes admitidos em Centro de Terapia Intensiva e seus familiares atribuem ao processo de hospitalização. Os dados foram coletados mediante a realização de observação participante e entrevistas com 17 sujeitos (clientes e seus familiares, durante a hospitalização. A partir da análise dos dados, surgiram três categorias: 1 CTI, a beira do abismo, um lugar desconhecido e assustador; 2 O elo entre a beira do abismo e a liberdade; 3 A alta do CTI: a liberdade para a vida. O tema central foi: "CTI, um elo entre a beira do abismo e a liberdade". Considerou-se relevante desvelar os significados culturais envolvidos nessa situação, o que poderá subsidiar uma assistência personalizada ao cliente e sua família.Este estudio tiene como objetivo identificar los significados culturales que los clientes admitidos en Centro de Terapia Intensiva (CTI y sus familiares atribuyen al proceso de hospitalización. Los datos fueron recogidos mediante la realización de observación participante y entrevistas con 17 participantes (clientes y sus familiares, durante la hospitalización. Del análisis de los datos emergieron tres categorías principales: 1 CTI, al borde del abismo: un sitio desconocido y asustador; 2 CTI: el eslabón entre el borde del abismo y la libertad; 3 El alta del CTI: la libertad para la vida. El tema central fue: "CTI: un eslabón entre el borde del abismo y la libertad". Se consideró relevante revelar los significados culturales envueltos en esta situación concediendo una asistencia personalizada al cliente y su familia.The purpose of this ethnographic study was to identify the cultural meaning that patients in an intensive care unit and their relatives attribute to the hospitalization process. Data were collected by means of participant observation and interviews with 17 participants (clients and their family, during hospitalization. Data

  11. Proposição de um modelo para a gestão da demanda: um estudo entre os elos atacadista e fornecedores de produtos de mercearia básica A proposed framework for demand management: a study involving wholesalers and suppliers of grocery products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela de Castro Melo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A gestão da demanda é um tema emergente no campo de conhecimento da gestão da cadeia de suprimentos. O que se busca com a gestão da demanda é a rápida e adequada integração das necessidades originadas do mercado na direção dos fornecedores, de modo a balancear e alinhar estrategicamente a demanda com a capacidade operacional ao longo da cadeia de suprimentos. Esse alinhamento da demanda na cadeia de suprimentos enfrenta dificuldades provocando ineficiência no atendimento a clientes, redução do giro de estoque e alto índice de obsolescência agravada pela grande diversidade de produtos. O objetivo deste estudo foi desenvolver um modelo para a gestão da demanda na cadeia de suprimentos de produtos de mercearia básica considerando os elos fornecedor e atacadista distribuidor. Para tal, realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa por meio de um estudo de caso na empresa atacadista Martins e em nove fornecedores desta empresa. A pesquisa revelou que o processo de implantação da gestão da demanda pode ser dividido em três fases: 1 alinhamento conjunto das diretrizes estratégicas das empresas; 2 formulação do plano de negócios; e 3 execução e acompanhamento do plano de negócios. Além disso, este processo apresenta três elementos que o permeiam: envolvimento da alta gerência, interações inter e intraempresas e resultados da gestão da demanda. Estes resultados compreendem o aumento da rentabilidade por meio da melhoria da eficiência e eficácia, como também o compartilhamento de conhecimento e aprendizado pelas empresas.Demand management is an emerging topic in supply chain management. It is focused on a fast and adequate integration of supplier needs in order to balance and strategically align demand with operational capability in the supply chain. The demand alignment in the supply chain may pose some problems leading to inefficient customer service, poor stock rotation, and high obsolescence rate aggravated by the wide

  12. Elo-rating as a tool in the sequential estimation of dominance strengths

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Albers, P.C.H.; Vries, Han de

    2001-01-01

    Many methods of dominance rank ordination were recently reviewed by de Vries (1998). Overall, two types of method for finding a dominance rank order can be distinguished. In one group of methods some numerical criterion, calculated for the dominance matrix as a whole, is minimized (or

  13. Corrosion analysis in mooring chain links; Analise de corrosao em elos de amarras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leal, Silvia N.; Pereira, Marcos V. [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencia dos Materiais e Metalurgia; Costa, Luis C. [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisas; Motta, Sergio H. [Brasilamarras - Companhia Brasileira de Amarras, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    The purpose of this work was to characterize the localized corrosion phenomenon in the weld region of offshore mooring chain links type ORQ. In this sense, a number of chain links were selected after finishing their projected life time without corrosion signs (chains without corrosion) as well as chain links which showed a reduced life time caused by localized corrosion (chains with corrosion). In the sequence, electrochemistry tests evaluated the corrosion susceptibility of the different regions of the weld joint. The results showed that the heat affected zone concerning the chains with corrosion was the anodic region, with high corrosion rate, while the same region on the not corroded chains was the cathodic one, with low corrosion rate. (author)

  14. Värske kõrvaga kuuldud uuest Eesti muusikast / Elo Masing

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Masing, Elo

    2011-01-01

    Eksperimentaalset Eesti muusikat tutvustava heliplaadi "Estonian Music Now 2011 - Exploratory Music From Estonia" esitluskontserdist 31. oktoobril Londonis Cafe OTOs, kus esinesid duo Taavi Kerikmäe - Mart Soo, Taavo Remmel ning Free Tallinn Trio

  15. Täiustatud tõde ehk Walter Andersoni rahvajuttude enesekontrolli seadus / Elo-Hanna Seljamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seljamaa, Elo-Hanna, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Geograafilis-ajaloolise meetodi lähtealuste ja eesmärkide toel analüüsitakse Walter Andersoni, Tartu Ülikooli esimese folkloristikaprofessori käsitlusi folkloorist ja folkloori uurimisest ning tema tegevust meetodi edasiarendajana

  16. Formulation and evaluation of diclofenac sodium dispersible tablets / Carin-Eloïse Jansen van Vuuren

    OpenAIRE

    Van Vuuren, Carin Eloïse Jansen

    2007-01-01

    Diclofenac sodium is a non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drug used for the relief of pain and inflammation. Many patients have difficulty swallowing tablets and consequently do not take medication as prescribed. To achieve optimum benefit of a drug, it is desirable to present it in a formulation which can rapidly disperse in water. This formulation is easier to swallow, therefore enhancing patient compliance. The aim of this study was to develop a stable diclofenac sodium dispersible table...

  17. A Move in the Security Measurement Stalemate: Elo-Style Ratings to Quantify Vulnerability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pieters, Wolter; van der Ven, Sanne H.G.; Probst, Christian W.

    2012-01-01

    One of the big problems of risk assessment in information security is the quantification of risk-related properties, such as vulnerability. Vulnerability expresses the likelihood that a threat agent acting against an asset will cause impact, for example, the likelihood that an attacker will be ab...... to its application to children solving math problems. It provides an innovative and sound way to quantify vulnerability in models of (information) security.......One of the big problems of risk assessment in information security is the quantification of risk-related properties, such as vulnerability. Vulnerability expresses the likelihood that a threat agent acting against an asset will cause impact, for example, the likelihood that an attacker will be able......-interprets security from the field of Item Response Theory. By observing the success of threat agents against assets, one can rate the strength of threats and controls, and predict the vulnerability of systems to particular threats. The application of Item Response Theory to the field of risk is new, but analogous...

  18. Guatemala värvid ja kontrastid / Märt Peet, Elo Talvoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peet, Märt

    1999-01-01

    Guatemala vaatamisväärsustest ja kultuurist. Eesti noorte naiste ja meeste kristlike ühingute esindajate osalemisest rahvusvahelises noortejuhtide programmis Kesk- Ameerikas erinevate kultuuride tundmaõppimiseks

  19. Rom2-dependent phosphorylation of Elo2 controls the abundance of very long chain fatty acids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olson, Daniel K; Fröhlich, Florian; Christiano, Romain

    2015-01-01

    Sphingolipids are essential components of eukaryotic membranes, where they serve to maintain membrane integrity. They are important components of membrane trafficking and function in signaling as messenger molecules. Sphingolipids are synthesized de novo from very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA...

  20. educação: cinco princípios para resgatar o elo perdido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akiko Santos

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo discute la potencialidad de algunos principios, elaborados por científicos de diferentes áreas, en el rescate de un sentido del conocimiento para la vida, el eslabón perdido con la práctica de su fragmentación. Estos principios son: principio holográfico (David Bohm/Edgar Morin, principio de complementariedad de los opuestos (Niels Böhr, principio de transdiciplinalidad (Basarab Nicolescu, principio de la incertidumbre (Werner Heisenberg y el principio de la autopoiese (H. Maturana y F. Varela. Estos principios están integrados a la teoría de la complejidad y transdiciplinalidad.

  1. Sõbrad - kõmuliselt edukad ja edukalt kõmulised / Elo Mõttus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõttus, Elo

    2001-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide edukast komöödiasarjast "Sõbrad" ("Friends") ja selle peategelaste kehastajatest (Matthew Perry, Jennifer Aniston, David Schwimmer,Courtney Cox). Ka : Teleleht nr. 18, lk. 42

  2. Bacharel em Saúde Coletiva: um Elo que faltava na Rede

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio José Costa CARDOSO

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available O desafio deste último texto é, sem outras referências, fazer “emergir” um (incerto Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo – aqui referido ao conjunto de autores que assina esse número especial da Tempus Actas em Saúde Coletiva, a partir de um diálogo que se pretende articulador das ideias dos diversos autores que trataram da criação dos bacharelados, mercado de trabalho e carreira, identidade e regulamentação da profissão, campos de prática e estágio em Saúde Coletiva, tomando o texto-base Graduação em Saúde Coletiva: conquistas e passos para além do sanitarismo, de Jairnilson Silva Paim e Isabela Cardoso Pinto, como ponto de partida.

  3. Kolm keelt suus - sõlmes või selged? / Elo Odres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Odres, Elo, 1969-

    2015-01-01

    Eestlanna Elery ja itaallase Andrea Pellagatti pojad Aaron ja Lucas räägivad eesti, inglise ja itaalia keelt, eestlanna Signe ja rootslase Ingvar Rehbinderi tütar Iris-Mariel oskab eesti, rootsi, inglise ja hispaania keelt ning poeg Erik-William eesti ja rootsi keelt

  4. EDUCAÇÃO INFANTIL E ROTINA: DOIS ELOS QUE DEVEM PERMANECER UNIDOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dulce Helena Brum Rodrigues

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to analyse if the educators child education, research participants, use or have a daily routine in their practices in the classroom with small children. For this interviews were made with three teachers working in the area. In addition, we performed a literature search having a theoretical the following authors: Barbosa (2006a; 2006b; 2009; Brasil (1998; 2009; Freire (1998 and Ramos (2010. The results were found to meet the objective of the study, because according to the responses of the interviews all teachers use the routine in their daily practice. Therefore, it is possible to affirm that the routine in children's education is of paramount importance for the success of the educational process.

  5. Kristjan Port: ma ei ela illusioonis, et inimelu ongi üksnes ilus ja puhas. See sisaldab räpaseid saladusi / intervjueerinud Raul Ranne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Port, Kristjan, 1960-

    2017-01-01

    Intervjuu Tallinna ülikooli tervise suuna juhi, SA Eesti Antidoping nõukogu liikme ning populaarsete teaduskommentaaride ja menukate netiloengute autori Kristjan Pordiga teadusest, dopinuainete kasutamisest spordis, tööst Eesti Antidopingu nõukogu liikmena

  6. Criminal Prosecution of International Crimes and Principle of Legality (Pregon mednarodnih hudodelstev in načelo zakonitosti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabina Zgaga

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The majority of criminal prosecutions of core crimes’ perpetrators in the last 60 years was performed post factum, since the rules of criminal prosecution were drafted after the commission of international crimes. The paper discusses the dilemmas, which arise from the principle of legality due to the post factum nature of criminal prosecution. First, the elements of principle of legality are presented, of which those are emphasised that could be controversial in case of international crimes prosecution. Afterwards, the paper discusses the answers provided by international criminal law, especially the case law of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and by the European Court of Human Rights. The paper concludes by analysis of Slovenian view on dillemas of principle of legality and compares Slovenian positions with the ones of the European Court of Human Rights. The thesis that Slovenian Constitution includes a stricter regulation of principle of legality than the European Court of Human Rights’ system is thereby confirmed.

  7. NESMRTONOSNO ORUŽJE: NAČELO RAZMJERNOSTI U ORUŽANOM SUKOBU I PRAVO NA ZDRAVLJE U POLICIJSKIM POSTUPANJIMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Hoffberger

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Kada se govori o oružju, obično se pod njime podrazumijeva primjena smrtonosne tehnologije. S druge strane, u i izvan oružanih sukoba, često se koristi i tzv. nesmrtonosno oružje, kojemu svrha nije ubijanje, već oneposobljavanje pojedinaca ili vojnih ciljeva. Budući da nesmrtonosno oružje ne mora nužno uzrokovati smrt, ali uzrokuje ozbiljna ranjavanja i velike patnje, korištenje takvih sredstava otvara brojna humanitarna pitanja i pitanja zaštite ljudskih prava. Zabrana uzrokovanja suvišnih ozljeda i nepotrebne patnje, kao i zabrana neselektivnih napada su jedne od najznačajnijih zabrana u međunarodnom ratnom pravu, a koje se mogu primijeniti i na korištenje nesmrtonosnog oružja u oružanom sukobu. Međutim, primjena načela razmjernosti može dovesti do opravdavanja korištenja nesmrtonosnog oružja. To se opravdava očekivanim prednostima njegove primjene u oružanom sukobu, koje pretežu u odnosu na uzrokovane ljudske patnje. Stoga se postavlja pitanje postoji li „crvena linija“ njegove primjene. Učestalo pozivanje na primjenu načela razmjernosti može poništiti cilj i svrhu Ženevskih konvencija te dovesti do opravdavanja nezakonitog korištenja nesmrtonosnog oružja. Osim u oružanim sukobima, nesmrtonosno se oružje može koristiti i u policijskim postupanjima. U tim slučajevima osobito značenje ima zaštita ljudskih prava. Pri tomu se u obzir ne smije uzeti samo zabrana mučenja i uzrokovanja nečovječnih ili ponižavajućih patnji te pravo na život, već i pravo na zdravlje. Pravo na zdravlje ograničava i postavlja granice uporabe nesmrtonosnog oružja izvan okvira oružanog sukoba.

  8. Mineviku, oleviku ja tuleviku dünaamikast Kristjan Raua vaadetes ja tegevuses / Elo-Hanna Seljamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seljamaa, Elo-Hanna, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    Kristjan Raua vaadetest ja tegevusest kaasaegsete rahvuslike ideede ja taotluste taustal, viisist mõtestada ja suhestada rahvakunsti ja kujutavat kunsti, arendades nõnda rahvuslikku kunsti ja rahvuskultuuri ning tema loomingu ja ühiskondliku tegevuse vahelistest seostest

  9. "Abraços de mono": elos perdidos e encontros intersubjetivos em etnografia com primatólogos no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme José da Silva e Sá

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir de pesquisa etnográfica junto a um grupo de primatólogos atuando em um fragmento da Mata Atlântica mineira, proponho tratar de algumas questões caras à antropologia da ciência, em especial daquela que da perspectiva etnológica se interessa pelas relações entre humanos e não humanos e pelas dinâmicas cosmológicas de atuação deste coletivo. Neste trabalho dedico-me à analise das formas de construção da imagem e agenciamento dos primatas estudados [conhecidos como "muriquis" ou "mono-carvoeiros"] que permeiam o discurso-cultura dos pesquisadores. Procura-se apresentar este coletivo de humanos e não humanos mapeando suas relações e variações dispostas na circulação de imagens, comportamentos e performances transespecíficas.Based on ethnographic fieldwork with a team of primatologists working in a small area of Brazilian Atlantic Forest, this paper engages with some of the classical issues in the anthropology of science, especially the ethnological interest in the relations between humans and non-humans and the cosmological dynamics that shape this collective. The paper focuses on how the image and agency of the primates is constructed (woolly-spider monkeys known as ‘muriquis' or ‘mono-carvoeiros' and also analyzes their appropriation by primatological discourse-culture. As well as tracing the relations forming this collective of humans and non-humans, the text maps the variations composed of images, behaviours and transpecific performances.

  10. Der Meteorologe : (aus dem Band "V". Tallinn 1998) / Elo Viiding ; aus dem Estnischen von Gisbert Jänicke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viiding, Elo, 1974-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Die Möglichkeit des Meteorologen = Meteoroloogi võimalikkusest ; "Der Meteorologe kam 1990 in die Stadt..." = "Meteoroloog saabus linna aastal 1990..." ; "Was wäre dir "Arbeit" des Meteorologen..." = "Mis oleks meteoroloogi töö..." ; "Und ein Unglück für den Meteorologen ist es auch..." = "Ja Meteoroloogi õnnetus on veel see..." ; Angst vor dem Altwerden des Meteorologen = Hirm Meteoroloogi vanakssaamise ees ; Fest. Geschenk = Pidu. Kink ; "Wenn der Meteorologe eine Grösse sieht, ist er darüber..." = "Kui meteoroloog näeb suurust, on ta selle kohal..." ; Der Meteorologe wird im Saal erwartet = Meteoroloogi oodatakse saali ; "Das Abkommen mit der Meteorologenerwartung kündigen..." = "Katkestada leping meteoroloogiootusega..." ; "Die "Wege des Herrn" sind der Meteorologe..." = "Looja tee" on Meteoroloog..." ; Von dem Fremden, der im Saal den Meteorologen traf = Võõra lugu, kes Meteoroloogi saalis kohtas ; "Den Fremden hervorzuhusten, der von dem..." = "Köhida enesest välja võõras, kes tahtis teha..." ; Der Fremde beruhigt sich nicht = Võõras ei jää rahule

  11. Energetic policy versus environmental policy: what the missing link?; Politica energetica versus politica ambiental: qual o elo perdido?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez, Francisco del Moral; Bermann, Celio [Universidadede Sao Paulo (PPGE/IEE/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia. Programa de Pos- Graduacao em Energia], emails: fhernandez@usp.br, cbermann@iee.usp.br

    2010-07-01

    The energy and fuel obtaining process must be understand as a political concept and a socially built one. Such a process should be understood taking in account social impacts, environmental issues, land struggles. There are plenty of empirical examples able to identify flows, directions and speedy up enterprises when extracting matter and energy conversion within areas of high social and environmental sensibility. The infra-structure expansion over traditional people areas, high biodiversity mapped regions and environmental sensibility areas are expression of the capital intensive accumulation process and must be legitimated in one way or another. Simultaneously two way processes occur: in one hand the use of land, riverside areas and natural landscapes to generate electrical energy and fuel obtaining an in the other hand the abandon of original usage for the land. Specifically, in the Amazon rain forest area it is evident that the mentioned flows are supported by the natural wealthy. So, the analyses under a scientific approach, elaborating theories, demonstrations and occurrences documentation are necessary. Two preliminary expectations are posted by the article: 1) Discuss the implications due to the creation of energetic reserve areas over traditional people regions; 2) Produce a preliminary picture of demands over natural resources and respective social conflicts based on significant selected cases. (author)

  12. Leptina, Elo Adicional na Fisiopatologia da Pré-eclâmpsia? Leptin, Additional Link to the Pathophysiology of Preeclampsia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Vargas Borges Duarte

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: avaliar o comportamento dos níveis séricos de leptina durante a evolução da gestação de adolescentes primigestas normotensas e pré-eclâmpticas. Métodos: estudo prospectivo e longitudinal, realizado em 15 pacientes normotensas e 5 pré-eclâmpticas. Os níveis séricos de leptina (ng/ml foram determinados por radioimunoensaio e a pressão arterial foi aferida pelo DINAMAP 1846. Foram feitas avaliações em dois períodos gestacionais distintos: entre a 21ª e a 30ª semana e entre a 31ª e a 40ª semana. Utilizou-se a razão leptina/índice de massa corporal (IMC para corrigir a variação do IMC ao longo da gravidez. Considerou-se como pré-eclâmpticas as gestantes com pressão arterial > ou = 140/90 mmHg, proteinúria >300 mg/24 h e espasmo arteriolar pelo exame de fundo de olho. Resultados: quando se comparou o período entre a 21ª e a 30ª semana com o período entre a 31ª e a 40ª semana, houve tendência de aumento da leptina sérica no último período nos dois grupos estudados, mais acentuadamente nas pré-eclâmpticas que nas grávidas normotensas: de 11,9±1,59 para 17,6±4,55 ng/ml e de 11,9±1,20 para 13,9±2,33 ng/mL, respectivamente. O IMC de gestantes normotensas não se alterou nos dois períodos analisados: 24,9±1,5 kg/m² vs 25,2±1,0 kg/m². Entretanto, o IMC aumentou significativamente nas pré-eclâmpticas no final da gravidez: 21,5±0,8 vs 27,4±1,7 kg/m²,pPurpose: to study in primigravid adolescents the behavior of serum leptin levels during the evolution of normal pregnancy, comparing the results with those obtained from preeclamptics. Methods: prospective, longitudinal study conducted in 15 normotensive pregnant adolescents and 5 preeclamptic adolescents. Serum leptin levels (ng/mL were determined by radioimmunoassay. Blood pressure was measured by the oscilometric method by using DINAMAP 1846. Patients were evaluated in two different gestational periods: between the 21st and 30th week and between the 31st and 40th week. The ratio leptin/body mass index (BMI was used to correct changes observed in BMI throughout gestation. Preeclamptic pregnant patients were diagnosed when the blood pressure was > or = 140/90 mmHg, proteinuria >300 mg/24 h and when arteriolar spasm was present in the optic fundi. Results: there was a trend towards an elevation of serum leptin at the end of pregnancy in both groups although more pronounced in preeclamptic patients. In pregnant normotensive patients serum leptin increased from 11.9±1.20 (21stto 30th week to 13.9±2.23 ng/mL (31st to 40th week, and in preeclamptic from 11.9±1.20 to 17.6±4.565 ng/mL. In preeclamptic patients the BMI increased significantly in the period from the 21st to 30th week when compared to the period between the 31st and 40thweek: 21.5±0.8 vs 27.4±1.7 kg/m², p<0.05.In normotensive these values were maintained stable: 24.9±1.5 vs 25.1±1.00 kg/m². At the end of gestation the ratio leptin/BMI was significantly higher in preeclamptics: 0.56±0.06 (21stto 30thweek vs 0.70±0.15, p<0.05. The values of the ratio leptin/BMI in normotensive pregnants varied from 0.44±0.02 between the 21st and 30th week to 0.41±0.04 between the 31st to 40thweek. In normal pregnants there was a direct and significant correlation between the levels of leptin and BMI in both periods of pregnancy: r = 0.7, p<0.004 (31st to 40th vs r = 0.94, p<0.0001 (31st to 40th week. These correlations were lost in preeclamptic patients in both gestational periods. Conclusion: the higher concentrations of leptin and leptin/BMI ratio observed when preeclamptics were compared with normotensive patients, in both gestational periods, suggest a leptin resistance pattern in preeclampsia.

  13. Stofnanir og nýsköpun á norðurslóðum: Þverfagleg rannsókn á hlutverki sveitarfélaga í nýsköpun

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jóhannesson, Gunnar Thor; Hovgaard, Gestur

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses the role of municipalities and their institutions in innovation. It recounts the findings of a multi-national research project on the matter within the Nordic periphery and focuses on findings from the Faroe Islands and Iceland. Innovation is a term often emphasized...

  14. Satellite image based quantification of invasion and patch dynamics ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    dynamics of mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) in Great Rann ... The present study was conducted in the Great Rann of Kachchh, part of Kachchh ... The process of Prosopis invasion shows high patch initiation, followed by .... formed by determining the percentage relationship .... poor women in northwestern India benefit from the.

  15. Mida kaardid näitavad? / Asko Künnap, Karl Martin Sinijärv, Elo Viiding...[jt.] ; interv. Kurt Moor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Kurt Moor räägib luulekaardipaki "Kaardipakk kaks : viis aastat hiljem" (Tallinn : Näo Kirik, 2006) autorite T. Soometsa, K. M. Sinijärve, A. Künnapi, E. Viidingu ja J. Roostega, esitades igaühele neist kolm küsimust

  16. Multiple defects in GaInN multiple quantum wells grown on ELO GaN layers and on GaN substrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tomiya, S.; Goto, O.; Hoshina, Y.; Tanaka, T.; Ikeda, M.

    2006-01-01

    A new type of structural defects was observed in GaInN multiple quantum well structures with higher In concentrations that were grown on low-threading-dislocation-density templates. The defects were investigated by using various kinds of transmission electron microscopy techniques, and were found to consist of planar defects and associated dislocations. The planar defects nucleate at the interfaces between the quantum well layers and barrier layers. The dislocations are created at the edge boundary of the planar defects and run almost along the c-axis towards the epi-surface. The planar defects are revealed to be inversion domains which are thought to be caused by the segregation of excess In-In bonds at the interface between the quantum well layer and the barrier layer. (copyright 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  17. Multiple defects in GaInN multiple quantum wells grown on ELO GaN layers and on GaN substrates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomiya, S. [Materials Analysis Laboratory, Sony Corporation, Kanagawa (Japan); Goto, O.; Hoshina, Y.; Tanaka, T.; Ikeda, M. [Shiroishi Laser Center, Semiconductor Laser Division, MSNC, Sony Corporation, Miyagi (Japan)

    2006-06-15

    A new type of structural defects was observed in GaInN multiple quantum well structures with higher In concentrations that were grown on low-threading-dislocation-density templates. The defects were investigated by using various kinds of transmission electron microscopy techniques, and were found to consist of planar defects and associated dislocations. The planar defects nucleate at the interfaces between the quantum well layers and barrier layers. The dislocations are created at the edge boundary of the planar defects and run almost along the c-axis towards the epi-surface. The planar defects are revealed to be inversion domains which are thought to be caused by the segregation of excess In-In bonds at the interface between the quantum well layer and the barrier layer. (copyright 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  18. Damping of power oscillations of exchange lines using a DC link; Amortecimento de oscilacoes de potencia de linhas de intercambio utilizando um elo de CC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paccini, Rodrigo de O.; Custodio, Diogo T.; Kopcak, Igor; Costa, Vivaldo F. da [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Sistemas de Energia Eletrica], Emails: rodrigo@dsee.fee.unicamp.br, totti@dsee.fee.unicamp.br, kopcak@dsee.fee.unicamp.br, vivaldo@dsee.fee.unicamp.br.

    2009-07-01

    This article presents a study that evaluates the effectiveness of a DC link in order to damp power oscillations, of inter area exchange, under small disturbance conditions, operating with Automatic Control Generation. The DC link was represented by a power injection model included the Sensitivity Power Model. Through this representation, the DC link was inserted in the block diagram, modeled as an injection power in the bars terminals in the net active and reactive, closing a new power balance at every instant. It was also designed a controller for damping power oscillations (POD-Power Oscillation Damping Controller) for modulation the power of the DC link and, therefore, insertion of additional damping in a frequency oscillations of exchange lines. The results confirm that the DC link has a great potential for maintaining the damping of oscillations frequency so inter area when equipped with POD controllers.

  19. An analysis of Science and Technology indicator by stages in the petroleum production chain; Analise de indicador de C e T nos elos da cadeia produtiva petrolifera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martini, Ana Amelia M.G.; Antunes, Adelaide M.S. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Escola de Quimica. Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Processos Quimicos e Bioquimicos

    2004-07-01

    Taking into account the global importance of the petroleum industry, the present work aims to present a study of this industry through the lens of its production chain, using bibliometric indicators of technological innovation in order to determine critical competitiveness factors. The concept of the production chain includes the set of activities undertaken progressively from raw material to the final product, including distribution and sales, with each segment being a link in the chain. The petroleum industry is composed of a production chain which may be divided into the following segments: exploration and production, transportation of crude oil and natural gas, refining, transportation of derivatives and distribution. The development of the present work involved the analysis of information about the petroleum production chain in Brazil and elsewhere, gathered through research in specialized database. The analysis of bibliometric indicators of technological innovation in each link of the production chain maps the technological trends existing in this chain. (author)

  20. Etnomatemática e Pedagogia da Alternância: Elo entre saber matemático e práticas sociais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. G. Assunção

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article brings to stage of debate, possible relations between the conceptions of Ethnomathematics and Education Field, putting the mathematical knowledge and social practices as a link of this relations hip in different local urban spaces, with cutting aspects of the pedagogy of alternation of Family Training centers for Switching (CEFFAs. These are institutions that are teaching methodology pedagogy oalternation, systematic process that allows the elements combine time, space and pedagogical concepts in an attempt to combine work activities with school activity. In presenting reflections on theoretical elements of the field of education as acounter point to the model of education offered to the country side; bring in this context ofreflection and the political education of Ethnomathematics as a tendency of mathematics education can create opportunities that the confrontation of ideas and sociocultural analysis, pointing out similarities and connect different areas of knowledge. The research was developed at the School House Fisheries (CEPE, located onthe island of Caratateua, Outeiro District, Municipality of Belém-PA, whose teaching is aimed at young people and adultsfrom the region of the islands and around school. We tried to follow the reflective aspects of a qualitative study.

  1. Imágenes de la edición border y sudaca: el entre-catálogos de Eloísa Cartonera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anahí Rocío Pochettino

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the literary corpus in which a number of images from Argentine publisher Eloisa Cartonera's "sudaca" and "border" editions are produced. In particular, it examines how the autobiographies of independent, alternative and self-managed publishers discuss specific modes of organization and association vis-à-vis the emergence of multinational publishing companies. The temporality contained in these images allows us to examine some of the tensions, movements, displacements, and crystallizations produced in their movements towards self-organization, affiliation and disaffiliation.

  2. Uma leitura do estado de Goiás (Brasil: elos entre música, território e lugar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Capelle Suess

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Music, in addition to propagating culture, stands out as a strong promoter of identity and reveals the soul of its locations. In geography, the location is the appropriate tool for studying those prints or marks that express themselves in space. These are also perceived via songs, given that the location allows us to understand what happens in the space in which we live beyond natural or human conditions. The method used was hermeneutics phenomenology, in that a great part of the theoretical framework is associated with authors and topics that have some kind of affinity with said method. Therefore, this work has as its objective to carry out a reading of musical letters that interpret the Goiás state as a location. It is about a good option for whoever desires to get to know Goiás from another perspective or in a different way from that which other territories and sites are read.

  3. Ettekujutusi islami paradiisist ja paradiisineitsitest ning nende seos džihaadi ja märterlusega / Elo Süld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Süld, Elo, 1979-

    2012-01-01

    Ajaloolis-kriitiline pilt usklike ja märtrite tasuna oodatavast paradiisist, paradiisineitsite tõlgendamisest. Paradiisimotiivide aluseks olevatest religioossetest ettekujutustest (Koraan, judaistlik, kristlik ja zoroastrismi kontekst, sufismi allegooria, araabia luule, kreeka antiikmütoloogia)

  4. VULNERABILIDADE NO DESENVOLVIMENTO DA CRIANÇA: INFLUÊNCIA DOS ELOS FAMILIARES FRACOS, DEPENDÊNCIA QUÍMICA E VIOLÊNCIA DOMÉSTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Ignacio da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigación exploratoria cualitativa que objetivó conocer la comprensión del enfermero sobre la vulnerabilidad en el desarrollo del niño. Los sujetos fueron 39 enfermeros que trabajan en 39 Unidades de Salud en Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. Los datos fueron obtenidos por medio de entrevistas semi-estructuradas, y analizados por la hermenéutica dialéctica. Los resultados apuntaron, según los enfermeros, que la vulnerabilidad del niño es influida por los eslabones familiares débiles, por la dependencia química y violencia doméstica. Los sujetos de la investigación relatan la expresión de procesos individuales como reflejos de la sociedad posmoderna y comprenden esta relación sociedad-familia como situación adversa al desarrollo infantil. La utilización del concepto de vulnerabilidad en el cotidiano profesional del enfermero y del equipo de Salud, permite un análisis crítico de sus prácticas. La aplicación de este concepto en el cuidado al niño propicia la reorientación del modelo asistencial, y así, la superación del concepto biologicista y fragmentado de desarrollo infantil.

  5. Bolsa Família e voto na eleição presidencial de 2006: em busca do elo perdido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Cristina Licio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa o impacto de ser beneficiário do Programa Bolsa Família do governo federal na decisão de voto na eleição de 2006 e na avaliação atual do Presidente Lula da Silva e contribui para a crescente literatura que explora o impacto desse programa na distribuição de voto em Lula. Contudo, diferentemente de outros estudos, são analisados aqui dados ao nível individual, testando um modelo estatístico multivariado em uma amostra probabilística nacional usando o Barômetro das Américas de 2008. Os resultados indicam um forte impacto de ser beneficiário do programa no voto em Lula e em avaliações positivas de seu desempenho.This article explores the impact of being a Family Grant Program beneficiary in vote choice for President in the 2006 elections and in Lula da Silva's government evaluations. Therefore, the article contributes to the growing literature on how social programs affect voting behaviour in Brazil. However, differently from all other studies, we use individual level data from the AmericasBarometer 2008 Brazilian round, and multivariate statistical analysis to test our hypotheses. Results indicate that being a recipient of the Family Grant Program positively affects vote for Lula and his administration's evaluations.

  6. Asustuse kujunemine ja ehitustraditsioonide püsimine Peipsiääre vallas. Varnja küla / Elo Lutsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lutsepp, Elo, 1959-

    2010-01-01

    Vanausuliste eripalgelise külakogukonna kujunemisest ja kahe rahvuse ning väga erineva usutunnistuse kooseksisteerimisest läbi aegade, mis on rikastanud ja mitmekesistanud ka selle küla arhitektuuri. Varnjat on esmaselt mainitud 1582.a., vanausulised tulid 17. saj. lõpul Mustvee ja Kallaste kanti

  7. Cultura e inovação em organizações : proposta de desenvolvimento etnografico a partir de estudo em elos da cadeia de valor de uma pequena software house de Campinas/SP

    OpenAIRE

    Luciano D'Ascenzi

    2010-01-01

    Resumo: Trabalho parte da problematização dos conceitos "cultura organizacional" e "inovação", tanto na produção teórica, quanto nas práticas observadas, para, a partir de pesquisa empírica, propor e testar mais um desenvolvimento do método etnográfico, agora, adequado a contextos organizacionais contemporâneos. Assim, a etnografia customizada dirige o esforço de ajuste das dimensões tempo e espaço às características e especificidades do "lugar", conforme conceituação de Geertz (1998). Essa m...

  8. Segurança internacional e normatividade: é o liberalismo o elo perdido dos critical securities studies? International security and normativity: is liberalism the critial securities studies' lost link?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Duarte Villa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O surgimento, e afirmação, de uma corrente de estudos críticos em segurança internacional plantou firmemente a idéia de que os problemas de segurança internacional não estão meramente relacionados com aspectos objetivos que ameaçam os Estados, mas esses problemas estão relacionados estreitamente com as relações entre indivíduo e emancipação humana. Assim, a condição de segurança em sentido forte tem, como precondição, a emancipação humana. Porém, em que condições esse overlap entre segurança internacional e emancipação acontece? A tese deste artigo é problematizar essas condições, que escapam ao diálogo endógeno dos critical securities studies (CSS. E que uma pista para operacionalização pode ser procurada nos diálogos entre a teoria crítica cosmopolita e a teoria liberal cosmopolita. Essa interseção, ou continuum, aponta a tese do artigo, é possível se os CSS atentam para dimensões do liberalismo político que têm sido negligenciadas, especialmente a democracia pensada em bases transnacionais e as possibilidades da sociedade civil transnacionalizada.The appearance and consolidation of a critical studies approach on international security fortified the claim that international security problems are not merely related to objective threats to states, but are in deep connection with the relationship between the individual and human emancipation. In those terms, a solid security condition is primarily preconditioned by human emancipation. However, in what conditions do international security and emancipation overlap? The present article intends to explore the question, a topic that is not tackled by the endogenous debate of critical security studies (CSS. An interesting path to be followed seems to be the dialogue between cosmopolitan critical theory and cosmopolitan liberal theory. This article argues that an intersection, or continuum, of these two theories would be possible if CSS focused on dimensions of political liberalism that have been neglected, especially to think about a transnational-based democracy and the possibilities of a transnationalized civil society.

  9. A produção científica em Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional nos periódicos Latino-Americanos da base de dados SciELO

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Rogério

    2015-01-01

    Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso apresentado ao Instituto Latino-Americano de Economia, Sociedade e Política da Universidade Federal da Integração Latino-Americana, como requisito parcial à obtenção do título de Bacharel em Desenvolvimento Rural e Segurança Alimentar. Orientadora: Profa. Dra. Érika Marafon Rodrigues Ciacchi. Co-orientadora: Profa. Dra. Silvia Aparecida Zimmermman. O objetivo da pesquisa foi analisar trabalhos publicados nos países da América Latina que compõe o conjunto ...

  10. Experiences with Reusable E-Learning Objects: From Theory to Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muzio, Jeanette A.; Heins, Tanya; Mundell, Roger

    2002-01-01

    Explains reusable electronic learning objects (ELOs) that are stored in a database and discusses the practical application of creating and reusing ELOs at Royal Roads University (Canada). Highlights include ELOs and the instructional design of online courses; and examples of using templates to develop interactive ELOs. (Author/LRW)

  11. Pingevabalt / Priidu Beier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Beier, Priidu, 1957-

    1995-01-01

    Arvustus: Vee, Elo. Ingelheim. Tln.: Eesti Raamat, 1995. Vastukaja : Viiding, Elo. Kirjaniku nimest ja veest // Kultuurileht. - 1995. - 10.nov. - Lk.17; Kivisildnik, Sven. Intuitiivne geneetika ja ustavuse piirid // Postimees. - 1996. - 4.märts. - Lk.18

  12. Afterschool Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilary D. Joyce

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Youth participation in quality extended learning opportunities (ELOs results in positive academic, physical, mental health, and social/emotional outcomes. Funding is essential to implementing and sustaining quality ELOs; however multiple funding barriers and challenges exist. Understanding the types of funds available for ELOs and the factors that influence sustainability is critical. Through surveys and telephone interviews of ELO providers, this descriptive study identified and examined ELO funding streams, the ways ELO providers use these funding streams, and the barriers and challenges to sustainability. ELO programs often relied on one major funding stream coupled with nutrition supports as well as in-kind resources. Barriers to sustainability included year-to-year funding, transportation costs, reducing community partnerships, and difficulty in diversifying funds. Recommendations to enhance ELO sustainability are offered, particularly in relation to overcoming the challenges to diversification of funding resources and establishing mutually supportive partnerships and collaboration.

  13. Risk assessment for chemical substances: the link between toxicology and public health Avaliação de risco de substâncias químicas: o elo entre a toxicologia e a saúde pública

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco J. R. Paumgartten

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available Virtually all chemical substances may cause adverse health effects, depending on the dose and conditions under which individuals are exposed to them. Toxicology - the study of harmful effects of chemicals on living organisms - provides the scientific data base on which risk assessment of adverse health effects stands. Risk assessment (RA is the process of estimating the probability that a chemical compound will produce adverse effects on a given population, under particular conditions of exposure. Risk assessment process consists of four stages: Hazard Identification (HI, Exposure Assessment (EA, Dose-Response Assessment (DRA, and Risk Characterization (RC. The risk assessment process as a whole makes it possible to carry out cost(risk/benefit analysis, and thus risk management, on a rational basis. A capacity to undertake risk assessment is thus sine qua non for making decisions that are concerned with achieving a balance between economic development and adequate protection of public health and the environment.Virtualmente todas as substâncias químicas podem causar efeitos adversos, dependendo da dose e das condições em que os indivíduos são a elas expostos. A toxicologia, isto é, o estudo dos efeitos danosos de substâncias químicas em organismos vivos, fornece a base de dados científicos na qual se apoia a avaliação de risco de efeitos adversos para a saúde. Avaliação de Risco (AR é o processo de se estimar a probabilidade que um composto químico tem de vir a produzir efeitos adversos numa dada população, em determinadas condições de exposição. A avaliação de risco consiste de quatro estágios: identificação da periculosidade (IP; avaliação da exposição (AE; avaliação da relação dose-efeito (ADE; e caracterização do risco (CR. O processo de avaliação de risco como um todo possibilita a realização da análise custo (risco/benefício e, portanto, do gerenciamento do risco, em bases racionais. A capacidade de se realizar a avaliação de risco é, assim, condição sine qua non para a tomada de decisões que estejam voltadas para se alcançar um equilíbrio entre desenvolvimento econômico e uma adequada proteção da saúde pública e do meio ambiente.

  14. Comunicação no Programa Saúde da Família: o agente de saúde como elo integrador entre a equipe e a comunidade Communication in the Family Health Program: the health agent as an integrating link between the team and the community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia dos Santos Cardoso

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo é parte do projeto "Avaliação da Estratégia da Saúde da Família no Município do Rio de Janeiro", desenvolvido na Universidade Estácio de Sá com apoio do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq. Buscou identificar e analisar a percepção dos agentes comunitários de saúde (ACS quanto aos seus principais interlocutores, o grau de impacto destes interlocutores e as formas de comunicação predominantes no seu processo de trabalho. É um estudo descritivo, de abordagem qualitativa, com base em categorias teórico-metodológicas da educação popular e do modelo de comunicação do mercado simbólico. Os dados foram coletados em quatro equipes, de duas unidades do Programa Saúde da Família. Os mapas de comunicação elaborados com os ACS identificam o grupo de apoio técnico, a equipe técnica, os próprios ACS e os moradores antigos da comunidade como seus principais interlocutores. A comunicação com os demais profissionais da equipe é percebida de forma predominantemente verticalizada e com traços de autoritarismo. Os resultados revelam a importância de ampliação do diálogo e da negociação na comunicação estabelecida no interior da equipe e com a comunidade.This study is part of the project Evaluation of the Family Health Strategy in Rio de Janeiro, developed at Estácio de Sá University with support of the National Advice of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq. The study aimed to identify and analyze the perception of the health communitarian agents (HCA about their main interlocutors, the impact of these interlocutors and the predominant communication forms in their work process. It is a descriptive study, with a qualitative approach, based on theoretical-methodological categories of the popular education and the symbolic market communication model. The data was collected in four teams of the Family Health Program. The results show the communication maps elaborated with the HCA which identifies the group of technical support, the technician team, the HCA themselves and the old inhabitants of the community as their main interlocutors. The communication with the other professionals of the team is acknowledged in a predominantly verticalized way with authoritarianism traces. The results highlight the importance of extending the dialogue and negotiation in the established communication within the team and with the community.

  15. Determination of autoantibodies to annexin XI in systemic autoimmune diseases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jorgensen, C S; Levantino, G; Houen, Gunnar

    2000-01-01

    Annexin XI, a calcyclin-associated protein, has been shown to be identical to a 56,000 Da antigen recognized by antibodies found in sera from patients suffering from systemic autoimmune diseases. In this work hexahistidine-tagged recombinant annexin XI (His6- rAnn XI) was used as antigen in ELISA...... experiments for determination of autoantibodies to annexin XI in sera of patients with systemic rheumatic autoimmune diseases. Immunoblotting with HeLa cell extract and with His6-rAnn XI as antigen was used for confirmation of positive ELISA results. We found eleven anti-annexin XI positive sera (3.9%) out...... of 282 sera from patients with systemic rheumatic diseases. The highest number of annexin XI positive sera were found in primary antiphospholipid syndrome (3/17), and in subacute lupus erythematosus (1/6), while lower frequencies of positive sera were found in patients with systemic sclerosis (5...

  16. Monimuoto-opiskelijoiden ajanhallinta ja jaksaminen : kokemuksia perheen, työn ja opiskelun yhteensovittamisesta

    OpenAIRE

    Ranne, Satu-Maaret; Salminen, Piia

    2011-01-01

    Ranne Satu-Maaret ja Salminen Piia. Monimuoto-opiskelijoiden ajanhallinta ja jaksaminen - kuinka sovittaa yhteen perhe, työ ja opiskelu. Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulun monimuoto-opiskelijoiden kokemuksia ajanhallinnasta ja jaksamisesta. Pori, kevät 2011, 34 s. Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulu, Diak Länsi, Pori. Hoitotyön koulutusohjelma. Sairaanhoitaja (AMK). Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli tutkia ammattikorkeakoulussa monimuotoisesti opiskelevien opiskelijoiden ajanhallintaa ja jaksamista: ...

  17. Lateral overgrowth of diamond film on stripes patterned Ir/HPHT-diamond substrate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan-Feng; Chang, Xiaohui; Liu, Zhangcheng; Liu, Zongchen; Fu, Jiao; Zhao, Dan; Shao, Guoqing; Wang, Juan; Zhang, Shaopeng; Liang, Yan; Zhu, Tianfei; Wang, Wei; Wang, Hong-Xing

    2018-05-01

    Epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) of diamond films on patterned Ir/(0 0 1)HPHT-diamond substrates have been carried out by microwave plasma CVD system. Ir/(0 0 1)HPHT-diamond substrates are fabricated by photolithographic and magnetron sputtering technique. The morphology of the as grown ELO diamond film is characterized by optical microscopy and scanning electronic microscopy. The quality and stress of the ELO diamond film are investigated by surface etching pit density and micro-Raman spectroscopy. Two ultraviolet photodetectors are fabricated on ELO diamond area and non-ELO diamond area prepared on same substrate, and that one on ELO diamond area indicates better photoelectric properties. All results indicate quality of ELO diamond film is improved.

  18. Et dansk tilfaelde af intestinal pseudomyiasis forårsaget af Eristalis tenax

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathe, Mathias; Ozeraityte, Aiste

    2009-01-01

    Intestinal pseudomyiasis caused by the larvae of the drone fly Eristalis tenax is sporadically reported and symptoms are varying. We report a ten-year-old boy with intermittent nonspecific abdominal pain. He noticed a larva in his stools which was later identified as the rat-tailed larva of Erist......Intestinal pseudomyiasis caused by the larvae of the drone fly Eristalis tenax is sporadically reported and symptoms are varying. We report a ten-year-old boy with intermittent nonspecific abdominal pain. He noticed a larva in his stools which was later identified as the rat-tailed larva...... of Eristalis tenax. After passing the larva his symptoms subsided. No treatment was given. We aim to register the first case of human pseudomyaisis caused by E. tenax in Denmark....

  19. Varttuneet ja ikäsyrjintä työelämässä

    OpenAIRE

    Viitasalo, Niina

    2015-01-01

    Työelämän ikäsyrjintä esteenä pitkille työurille Työelämässä esiintyvä ikäsyrjintä on ristiriidassa työurien pidentämisen kanssa. Ikäsyrjintää kokeneilla on jopa kaksinkertainen pitkien sairauspoissaolojen riski 3 vuoden seuranta-aikana. Eniten ikäsyrjintäkokemuksia on yli 55-vuotiailla naisilla, heistä lähes 8 prosenttia on kokenut ikäsyrjintää työssään. Ikäsyrjintä ilmenee työpaikkojen arjessa varttuneiden torjuntana, painostamisena, vähättelynä tai eristämisenä. Ikäsyrjintä näyttäytyy ...

  20. A Controller For The Three-phase To Three-phase Matrix Converter And For The Voltage Source Three-phase Inverter Without Dc-link Capacitor [um Controlador De Corrente De Carga Para O Conversor Em Matriz Trifásico Para Trifásico E Para O Inversor De Frequência Sem Capacitor Do Elo De Corrente Contínua

    OpenAIRE

    Filho M.E.O.; Gazoli J.R.; Filho A.J.S.; Ruppert E.

    2010-01-01

    Voltage source three-phase inverter plays an important role in modern industry. The conventional voltage source inverter has a large electrolytic capacitor as energy store element in order to keep the DC-link voltage constant. However, a large electrolytic capacitor increases the input current distortion. Replacing the large electrolytic capacitor by a small film capacitor, the input current quality is improved but the DC-link voltage and the output currents are distorted by low order harmoni...

  1. A critical role for very long-chain fatty acid elongases in oleic acid-mediated Saccharomyces cerevisiae cytotoxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qiao; Du, Xiuxiu; Ma, Ke; Shi, Ping; Liu, Wenbin; Sun, Jing; Peng, Min; Huang, Zhiwei

    2018-03-01

    Elongases FEN1/ELO2 and SUR4/ELO3 are important enzymes involved in the elongation of long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) to very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The molecular mechanism of the involvement of these elongases in lipotoxicity is unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role of VLCFA elongases in oleic acid-mediated yeast cytotoxicity. The spot test showed that yeast strains with the deletion of ELO2 or ELO3 were strikingly sensitive to oleic acid, while there was no change on the growth of strain with deleted ELO1 which was involved in the elongation of C 14 fatty acid (FA) to C 16 FA. By using GC-MS, the unsaturation index was increased in elo2△ and elo3△ mutants after treatment with oleic acid (OLA). However, the proportion of VLCFAs was increased in response to OLA in the wild-type strain. The growth inhibition of elo2△ and elo3△ could be partially rescued by two commonly used antioxidant agents N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and Ascorbic acid (VC). The further study showed that exposure to excess OLA led to an increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and a decline in the quantity of reduced glutathione (GSH) in both the wild type and mutant strains. However, the antioxidant enzyme activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) were increased in the wild type and elo1△ strains, while they were significantly decreased in the mutants of elo2△ and elo3△ after treated with excess OLA. Thus, oxidative damage mainly contributed to the cell death induced by OLA in ole2△ and ole3△. Taken together, although disruption of ELO2 or ELO3 did not affect the cellular lipid unsaturation, they altered the distribution and propotion of cellular VLCFAs, leading to the cell membrane impairment, which augmented the ability of OLA to permeabilize the plasma membrane. The data suggest that the very long-chain fatty acids elongases ELO2 and ELO3

  2. The Reference Ability Neural Network Study: Life-time stability of reference-ability neural networks derived from task maps of young adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habeck, C; Gazes, Y; Razlighi, Q; Steffener, J; Brickman, A; Barulli, D; Salthouse, T; Stern, Y

    2016-01-15

    Analyses of large test batteries administered to individuals ranging from young to old have consistently yielded a set of latent variables representing reference abilities (RAs) that capture the majority of the variance in age-related cognitive change: Episodic Memory, Fluid Reasoning, Perceptual Processing Speed, and Vocabulary. In a previous paper (Stern et al., 2014), we introduced the Reference Ability Neural Network Study, which administers 12 cognitive neuroimaging tasks (3 for each RA) to healthy adults age 20-80 in order to derive unique neural networks underlying these 4 RAs and investigate how these networks may be affected by aging. We used a multivariate approach, linear indicator regression, to derive a unique covariance pattern or Reference Ability Neural Network (RANN) for each of the 4 RAs. The RANNs were derived from the neural task data of 64 younger adults of age 30 and below. We then prospectively applied the RANNs to fMRI data from the remaining sample of 227 adults of age 31 and above in order to classify each subject-task map into one of the 4 possible reference domains. Overall classification accuracy across subjects in the sample age 31 and above was 0.80±0.18. Classification accuracy by RA domain was also good, but variable; memory: 0.72±0.32; reasoning: 0.75±0.35; speed: 0.79±0.31; vocabulary: 0.94±0.16. Classification accuracy was not associated with cross-sectional age, suggesting that these networks, and their specificity to the respective reference domain, might remain intact throughout the age range. Higher mean brain volume was correlated with increased overall classification accuracy; better overall performance on the tasks in the scanner was also associated with classification accuracy. For the RANN network scores, we observed for each RANN that a higher score was associated with a higher corresponding classification accuracy for that reference ability. Despite the absence of behavioral performance information in the

  3. 25 CFR 39.502 - How does a school apply for contingency funds?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How does a school apply for contingency funds? 39.502... EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Contingency Fund § 39.502 How does a school apply for contingency funds? To apply for contingency funds, a school must send a request to the ELO. The ELO must send the request to the Director for...

  4. Recombinant yeast with improved ethanol tolerance and related methods of use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasch, Audrey P [Madison, WI; Lewis, Jeffrey A [Madison, WI

    2012-05-15

    The present invention provides isolated Elo1 and Mig3 nucleic acid sequences capable of conferring increased ethanol tolerance on recombinant yeast and methods of using same in biofuel production, particularly ethanol production. Methods of bioengineering yeast using the Elo1 and, or, Mig3 nucleic acid sequences are also provided.

  5. Maaomanikud püsivad koostöös / Viio Aitsam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aitsam, Viio, 1955-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Erametsaliidu ja Euroopa maaomanike organisatsiooni ELO (European Landowners Organisation) poolt 16.-17. jaanuaril 2006. a. Tallinnas korraldatud konverentsist Läänemere regiooni metsanduse teemal. Konverentsi tervitas keskkonnaminister Villu Reiljan. Sõnavõtuga esines ka ELO tegevjuht Ronan Girard

  6. Gestational Exposure to Inhaled Vapors of Ethanol and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends in Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    The US automotive fleet is powered primarily by gasoline-ethanol fuel blends containing up to 10% ethanol (ElO). Uncertainties regarding the health risks associated with exposure to ElO prompted assessment of the effects of prenatal exposure to inhaled vapors of gasoline-ethanol ...

  7. Stress intensity factor at the tip of cladding incipient crack in RIA-simulating experiments for high-burnup PWR fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Udagawa, Yutaka; Suzuki, Motoe; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Fuketa, Toyoshi

    2009-01-01

    RIA-simulating experiments for high-burnup PWR fuels have been performed in the NSRR, and the stress intensity factor K 1 at the tip of cladding incipient crack has been evaluated in order to investigate its validity as a PCMI failure threshold under RIA conditions. An incipient crack depth was determined by observation of metallographs. The maximum hydride-rim thickness in the cladding of the test fuel rod was regarded as the incipient crack depth in each test case. Hoop stress in the cladding periphery during the pulse power transient was calculated by the RANNS code. K 1 was calculated based on crack depth and hoop stress. According to the RANNS calculation, PCMI failure cases can be divided into two groups: failure in the elastic phase and failure in the plastic phase. In the former case, elastic deformation was predominant around the incipient crack at failure time. K 1 is available only in this case. In the latter, plastic deformation was predominant around the incipient crack at failure time. Failure in the elastic phase never occurred when K 1 was less than 17 MPa m 1/2 . For failure in the plastic phase, the plastic hoop strain of the cladding periphery at failure time clearly showed a tendency to decrease with incipient crack depth. The combination of K 1 , for failure in the elastic phase, and plastic hoop strain at failure, for failure in the plastic phase, can be an effective index of PCMI failure under RIA conditions. (author)

  8. Mitochondrial DNA analyses revealed low genetic diversity in the endangered Indian wild ass Equus hemionus khur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khaire, Devendra; Atkulwar, Ashwin; Farah, Sameera; Baig, Mumtaz

    2017-09-01

    The Indian wild ass Equus hemionus khur, belonging to ass-like equid branch, inhabits the dry and arid desert of the Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat. The E. h. khur is the sole survivor of Asiatic wild ass species/subspecies in South Asia. To provide first ever insights into the genetic diversity, phylogeny, and demography of the endangered Indian wild ass, we sampled 52 free-ranging individuals from the Little Rann of Kutch by using a non-invasive methodology. The sequencing of 230 bp in cytochrome b (Cyt b) and displacement loop (D-loop) region revealed that current ∼4000 extant population of Indian wild ass harbours low genetic diversity. Phylogenetic analyses confirmed that E. h. khur, E. h. onager, and E. h. kulan belong to a single strict monophyletic clade. Therefore, we suggest the delimitation of the five E. hemionus subspecies in vogue to a single species E. hemionus. The application of molecular clock confirmed that the Asiatic wild ass had undergone diversification 0.65 Million years ago. Demographic measurements assessed using a Bayesian skyline plot demonstrated decline in the maternal effective population size of the Indian wild ass during different periods; these periods coincided with the origin and rise of the Indus civilization in the northwest of the Indian subcontinent during the Neolithic. In conclusion, maintaining high genetic diversity in the existing isolated population of 4000 Indian wild asses inhabiting the wild ass sanctuary is important compared with subspecies preservation alone.

  9. A ternary logic model for recurrent neuromime networks with delay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hangartner, R D; Cull, P

    1995-07-01

    In contrast to popular recurrent artificial neural network (RANN) models, biological neural networks have unsymmetric structures and incorporate significant delays as a result of axonal propagation. Consequently, biologically inspired neural network models are more accurately described by nonlinear differential-delay equations rather than nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs), and the standard techniques for studying the dynamics of RANNs are wholly inadequate for these models. This paper develops a ternary-logic based method for analyzing these networks. Key to the technique is the realization that a nonzero delay produces a bounded stability region. This result significantly simplifies the construction of sufficient conditions for characterizing the network equilibria. If the network gain is large enough, each equilibrium can be classified as either asymptotically stable or unstable. To illustrate the analysis technique, the swim central pattern generator (CPG) of the sea slug Tritonia diomedea is examined. For wide range of reasonable parameter values, the ternary analysis shows that none of the network equilibria are stable, and thus the network must oscillate. The results show that complex synaptic dynamics are not necessary for pattern generation.

  10. Reservoir Engineering Management Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howard, J.H.; Schwarz, W.J.

    1977-12-14

    The Reservoir Engineering Management Program being conducted at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory includes two major tasks: 1) the continuation of support to geothermal reservoir engineering related work, started under the NSF-RANN program and transferred to ERDA at the time of its formation; 2) the development and subsequent implementation of a broad plan for support of research in topics related to the exploitation of geothermal reservoirs. This plan is now known as the GREMP plan. Both the NSF-RANN legacies and GREMP are in direct support of the DOE/DGE mission in general and the goals of the Resource and Technology/Resource Exploitation and Assessment Branch in particular. These goals are to determine the magnitude and distribution of geothermal resources and reduce risk in their exploitation through improved understanding of generically different reservoir types. These goals are to be accomplished by: 1) the creation of a large data base about geothermal reservoirs, 2) improved tools and methods for gathering data on geothermal reservoirs, and 3) modeling of reservoirs and utilization options. The NSF legacies are more research and training oriented, and the GREMP is geared primarily to the practical development of the geothermal reservoirs. 2 tabs., 3 figs.

  11. Raamat : [Tutvustus] / Livia Viitol

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viitol, Livia, 1953-

    1996-01-01

    Toona, Elin. Lotukata; Sagan Franȯise. Kurbus kummaline tunne. Killuke päikest jahedas vees; Vee, Elo. Võlavalgel; Plath Sylvia. Klaaskuppel; Pühakuteraamat : Nende elulood, teod ja ikonograafilised embleemid; Terhart, Franjo. Mina, Grace O'Malley

  12. "Eesti taluarhitektuur. Püsiv ja muutuv : Eesti Vabaõhumuuseumi näitus = Estonian farm architecture. Enduring and changing : an Estonian Open Air Museum exhibition / Heiki Pärdi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärdi, Heiki, 1951-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Vabaõhumuuseumi näitus "Eesti taluarhitektuur. Püsiv ja muutuv". Näituse autor Heiki Pärdi, kuraator Elo Lutsepp, kujundaja Jan Skolimowski (KAMP Arhitektid). 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  13. 1) Mis teile praeguses eesti kirjanduses ei meeldi? 2) Mida tuleks teha, et asi läheks nii, nagu teile meeldib? : [küsitlus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Vastavad : Vaapo Vaher, Elo Lindsalu, Olev Remsu, Jüri Ehlvest, François Serpent, Sven Kivisildnik, Linnar Priimägi, Aino Pervik, Mati Unt, Contra, Fagira D. Morti, Aapo Ilves, Aarne Ruben, Juku-Kalle Raid

  14. Quality, Reach, and Impact of Open Scholarly Publishing in Latin ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales-Brazil (FLACSO); Latindex, ... Library Online (SciELO), and Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y ... Call for proposals: Innovations for the economic inclusion of marginalized youth.

  15. Sürrealism kunstigurmaanidele / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    PARA näitus "Paranorm" Jõhvi kontserdimajas kuni 31. VIII. Osalejad: Ilmar Malin, Jüri Palm, Elo Järv, Vello Vinn, Leonhard Lapin, Enn Tegova, Ahti Seppet, Raivo Kelomees ja Kristina Viin. Kuraator Jaan Malin

  16. Eesti filmitegijad Moskva foorumi fookuses / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    24.-30. maini toimus 8. SRÜ ja Baltimaade uue filmi foorum Moskvas, kus Eestist osales kuus filmi. Toimus rida diskussioone. Eestist osalesid Sulev Keedus, Rein Kotov, Lauri Kärk, Elo Tust. Veidi pikemalt ka Kesk-Aasia filmist

  17. Milline on puuetega inimeste olukord hariduses ja tööturul ning mida arvate Anni Akadeemia laadsest eraalgatusest? / Vello Saliste, Kaja Plado, Kristin Veltri...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid: Kosejõe kooli direktor Vello Saliste, Tartu ülikooli eripedagoogika programmijuht Kaja Plado, Haapsalu sanatoorse internaatkooli eripedagoog Kristin Veltri, Kiigemetsa kooli sotsiaalpedagoog Elo Palmiste, Tallinna ülikooli eripedagoogika osakonna juhataja Kadi Lukanenok

  18. Actividad antimicrobiana y análisis de la composición química de una fracción de las flores de Acmella ciliata (Kunth) Cass

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mejía, C.; Osorio, J.; Barrera, M.; Rezek, Jan; Vaněk, Tomáš

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 20, č. 4 (2015), s. 409-418 ISSN 1028-4796 Grant - others:European Regional Development Fund(XE) CZ.2.16/3.1.00/24014 Institutional support: RVO:61389030 Keywords : Acmella ciliata * alkamides * spilanthol Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry http:// sci elo.sld.cu/ sci elo.php?script= sci _arttext&pid=S1028-47962015000400005&lng=en&nrm=iso

  19. Characterizing the speed and paths of shared bicycles in Lyon

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen , Pablo; Rouquier , Jean-Baptiste; Ovtracht , Nicolas; Robardet , Céline

    2010-01-01

    Thanks to numerical data gathered by Lyon's shared bicycling system V\\'elo'v, we are able to analyze 11.6 millions bicycle trips, leading to the first robust characterization of urban bikers' behaviors. We show that bicycles outstrip cars in downtown Lyon, by combining high speed and short paths.These data also allows us to calculate V\\'elo'v fluxes on all streets, pointing to interesting locations for bike paths.

  20. Raamaturott pääses lahti Tartu Loodusmajja / Andrus Okas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Okas, Andrus

    2014-01-01

    Loodusteemalisi raamatuid ja lauamängu tutvustab Andrus Okas Tartu Loodusmajast: Marvet, Ann. Metsa-, soo- ja niiduaabits : Eesti taimekoosluste määraja (Tallinn : Varrak, 2014). Vilbaste, Kristel. Jõhvikas (Tallinn : Varrak, 2014). Hermann, Elo; Nelk, Marge. Eesti lindude värviraamat. I osa Eesti ([Tartu] : Eesti Ornitoloogiaühing, 2014). Hermann, Elo; Nelk, Marge. Linnumäng : kümme kaardimängu lindude tundmaõppimiseks ([Tartu] : Eesti Ornitoloogiaühing, 2014)

  1. Icelandic National Culture in Relation to Hofstede´s Five Dimensions Íslensk þjóðmenning í ljósi menningarvídda Hofstede

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gylfi Dalmann Aðalsteinsson

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available According to the cultural literature, societies are composed from many different culturally dissimilar countries (Hofstede, 2001; House et al., 2004. Geert Hofstede is one of many researchers who had developed a method to measure national culture. His research on national culture has had a great impact on how we understand and measure different culture differences. The purpose of this research is to investigate the characteristics of Icelandic national culture and compare with Bearden et.al. (2006 findings, where data was used from university students from four countries, Argentina, Austria, Japan and USA. In this study undergraduate students from the school of Social Science at the University of Iceland were asked to answer a questionnaire (VSM 94 and a total of 427 responses were usable with the response rate of 15%. According to the results, Icelandic national culture can be characterized by low power distance (PDI, high individualism (IDV, low masculinity (MAS, high uncertainty-avoidance (UAI and average long-term orientation (LTO.Rannsóknir Geert Hofstede á þjóðmenningu og framsetning hans á stjórnun innan ólíkra menningarheima hefur haft mikil áhrif á skilning manna á mismunandi menningu skipulagsheilda í ólíkum löndum. Þannig hafa menn öðlast meiri skilning á menningarlegum mismun skipulagsheilda sem hefur haft mikil áhrif á stjórnunarfræðin. Í þessari rannsókn er leitast við að svara því hver séu einkenni þjóðmenningar á Íslandi út frá víddum Hofstede og hver þessi einkenni eru samanborin við sambærilegt úrtak í fjórum löndum. Ástæðan fyrir vali á úrtaki eru tvíþættar. Annars vegar er lögð áhersla á að úrtakið sé eins einsleitt og hægt er (Hofstede, 1994 og því lágmarks breytileiki hvað varðar aldur, menntun, tekjur og aðrar bakgrunnsbreytur og hins vegar er leitast við að velja úrtak til að gera rannsóknina samanburðarhæfa við rannsókn Bearden, Money og

  2. Changes of Selected Hematological Parameters and Morning Rest Rate during Ten Days High Altitude Stay and Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiří Suchý

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Changes of Selected Hematological Parameters and Morning Rest Rate during Ten Days High Altitude Stay and Training This article describes the influence of a ten day stay and training in a high altitude area (1850 m ASL on selected blood count parameters and morning resting heart rate. Three tests were performed on a group of young cross country skiers (n = 10, age: 18.7 ± 4.8: two days before, two days after and ten days after the altitude training camp. Two day after the return, significant (p 0.05. The study in a group of young cross country skiers has shown positive effects of a tenday training camp in high altitude on blood count parameters and morning resting heart rate monitored in lowland two and ten days after the return from high altitude. Změny vybraných hematologických parametrů a ranní klidové srdeční frekvence v průběhu desetidenního tréninku a pobytu ve vyšší nadmořské výšce Článek popisuje vliv desetidenního tréninku a pobytu ve vyšší nadmořské výšce (1850 m n. m. na vybrané parametry krevního obrazu a ranní klidové srdeční frekvence. U skupiny mladých běžců na lyžích (n = 10, věk: 18,7 ± 4,8 byly realizovány celkem tři odběry krve: dva dny před soustředěním ve výšce, dva dny a deset dnů po návratu do nížiny. Dva dny po návratu byly signifikantně (p 0,05. Průměrné hodnoty ranní klidové srdeční frekvence byly během soustředění ve výšce vyšší než před odjezdem v nížině (p 0,05. Námi realizovaný výzkum u skupiny mladých běžců na lyžích prokázal pozitivní efekt desetidenního pobytu a tréninku ve vyšší nadmořské výšce (1850 m n. m. na sledované krevní parametry a ranní klidovou srdeční frekvenci v nížině po návratu.

  3. Einelti, áreitni og ofbeldi á vinnustað: könnun meðal félagsmanna Kennarasambands Íslands

    OpenAIRE

    Sigursteinsdóttir, Hjördís

    2017-01-01

    Að verða fyrir einelti og annarri áreitni á vinnustað hefur alvarlegar afleiðingar fyrir bæði þolandann og vinnustaðinn og einelti hefur jafnvel verið talið meiri skaðvaldur fyrir þolendur heldur en öll önnur vinnutengd streita samanlögð. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að kanna algengi eineltis, áreitni og ofbeldis á vinnustað meðal félagsmanna aðildarfélaga Kennarasambands Íslands (KÍ). Rafrænn spurningalisti var sendur til 9.839 félagsmanna KÍ í febrúar 2017. Svör bárust frá 4.5...

  4. The structure of community networks defending the concept of Iceland's financial stability Viðbrögð tengslanets við gagnrýni á fjármálastöðugleika Íslands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Þröstur Ólafur Sigurjónsson

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Actor-network theory suggests that those responsible for the operations of a complex system have reason to defend the idea of the system’s stability in the face of challengers who suggest the system may have problems. One form this defence can take is the formation of a complex social network that makes it difficult for challengers’ claims to be reasonably considered. This paper illustrates the formation or activation of such a network of Icelandic bankers, analysts, politicians, academics, business executives and newspapers, as well as their rational and emotional public arguments, in defence of the idea of the stability of the Icelandic banking system when challenged by the Danske Bank report of 2006. The analysis shows why it was difficult for the Danish challenge to receive a credible hearing among the Icelandic citizenry, which meant that citizens had a difficult time getting a clear picture of what was happening in their community. This research also shows a wider application for actor-network theory than previously discussed in the literature and draws implications of network formation or activation for policy makers.Félagsnetakenningin gerir ráð fyrir að þeir, sem eru ábyrgir fyrir viðhaldi flókinna kerfa, hafi ástæðu til þess að verjast ef fram kemur gagnrýni á stöðugleika kerfanna. Vörnin getur tekið á sig form tengslanets sem erfitt getur reynst að komast í gegnum. Þessi rannsókn notar félagsnetafræði til að varpa ljósi á það hvernig viðbrögð við gagnrýni á stöðugleika íslensku bankanna árið 2006 gerði gagnrýnendum og almenningi erfitt fyrir að fá raunsanna mynd varðandi stöðu íslensku bankanna. Tengslanetagreining rannsóknarinnar sýnir hvernig þeir, sem ábyrgir voru fyrir fjármálakerfinu, vörðust gagnrýni sem fram kom í skýrslu Danske Bank og hvernig flókið og þéttriðið "varnarnet" varð til. Rannsóknin sýnir að þeir sem efuðust um stöðugleika íslensks fj

  5. Childbirth and foreign women in Iceland: organization of services, cultural competence and servant leadership Barneignir erlendra kvenna á Íslandi: Skipulag þjónustu, menningarhæfni og þjónandi forysta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birna Gerður Jónsdóttir

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Increase in number of immigrants in Iceland calls for a review on structure, management and outcomes of maternity services. Limited research exists in Iceland on immigrants’ issues in relation to health services. Research from abroad show that childbirth experiences of foreign women indicate lack of concern for cultural background linked to equity issues of administration laws. The purpose of the research was to gain insight into immigrants cultural views, customs and perceptions of childbirth experiences of maternity services.The aim was to gather knowledge for development of culturally competent childbirth care for foreign women in Iceland. Cultural competence and servant leadership were used for conceptual background in this qualitative research with interviews with seven foreign women before and after childbirth in Iceland. Three themes were identified related to the women’s needs, perceptions and experience of childbirth services in Iceland: Lack of social support, Care providers’ manner, communication and trust and Information provided and conflicts with the system of care. The themes refer to diverse experiences and communication with care providers. Findings showed satisfaction with care providers’ manner but indicated need for improvement in terms of education and information provided,formal communication services and support around childbirth. Emphasis should be on health literacy and empowering communication with the women. Continuous midwifery care and servant leadership seems to be relevant and provide potentials to ensure culturally competent maternal-child health service. Findings are consistent with prior research and provide knowledge for improving maternity services, based on multidisciplinary perspectives in health and welfare services.Fjölgun erlendra kvenna hérlendis kallar á endurskoðun á skipulagi, stjórnun og samskiptum í barneignarþjónustu. Fáar rannsóknir eru til hér á landi um það hvernig

  6. Elongator Plays a Positive Role in Exogenous NAD-Induced Defense Responses in Arabidopsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Chuanfu; Ding, Yezhang; Zhang, Xudong; Wang, Chenggang; Mou, Zhonglin

    2016-05-01

    Extracellular NAD is emerging as an important signal molecule in animal cells, but its role in plants has not been well-established. Although it has been shown that exogenous NAD(+) activates defense responses in Arabidopsis, components in the exogenous NAD(+)-activated defense pathway remain to be fully discovered. In a genetic screen for mutants insensitive to exogenous NAD(+) (ien), we isolated a mutant named ien2. Map-based cloning revealed that IEN2 encodes ELONGATA3 (ELO3)/AtELP3, a subunit of the Arabidopsis Elongator complex, which functions in multiple biological processes, including histone modification, DNA (de)methylation, and transfer RNA modification. Mutations in the ELO3/AtELP3 gene compromise exogenous NAD(+)-induced expression of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes and resistance to the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola ES4326, and transgenic expression of the coding region of ELO3/AtELP3 in elo3/Atelp3 restores NAD(+) responsiveness to the mutant plants, demonstrating that ELO3/AtELP3 is required for exogenous NAD(+)-induced defense responses. Furthermore, mutations in genes encoding the other five Arabidopsis Elongator subunits (ELO2/AtELP1, AtELP2, ELO1/AtELP4, AtELP5, and AtELP6) also compromise exogenous NAD(+)-induced PR gene expression and resistance to P. syringae pv. maculicola ES4326. These results indicate that the Elongator complex functions as a whole in exogenous NAD(+)-activated defense signaling in Arabidopsis.

  7. Omejitve ustanavljanja družb in spregled pravne osebnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Osolnik, Jana

    2017-01-01

    V drugi polovici 19. stoletja je bil s primerom Salomon v. Salomon & Co Ltd uveljavljeno temeljno načelo prava družb, to je načelo samostojnosti družbe in skladno s tem načelo ločenosti premoženja družbe od premoženja njenih družbenikov. Ta sodna odločba je utrla pot razvoju kapitalizma in hkrati odprla vrata možnim zlorabam pravne subjektivitete. Kot protiutež ločitvenem načelu je pravo izoblikovalo institut spregleda pravne osebnosti. Čeprav je bil ta institut v Sloveniji uzakonjen pred več...

  8. [Home care to the elderly who had stroke].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedreira, Larissa Chaves; Lopes, Regina Lúcia Mendonça

    2010-01-01

    The purpose was to Identify the knowledge production about the stroke in elderly under home care. Bibliographic research whose data were collected though the abstracts from 1997 to 2007, contained in LILACS and SciELO databases. The following key words were used: home assistance, aged people and cerebrovascular accident. Fifty-two references were found in the LILACS database, nine in the SciELO Brazil, and three in the SciELO Cuba. Most of the researches were carried out in 2000. Regarding the method, qualitative method predominance were observed, and central theme is related to the care giver, as well as to the clinical and epidemiologic aspects of the disease. It was observed that this knowledge is still established in Brazil, and the themes related to the person submitted to home care and violence to the aged are still little explored.

  9. A guitarra Trio inspirada em Johnny Alf e João Donato : uma abordagem do estilo de interpretação de Johnny Alf e João Donato ao piano, direcionada a performance da guitarra em contexto instrumental trio (guitarra, contra-baixo e bateria/percussão)

    OpenAIRE

    Alexis da Silveira Bittencourt

    2006-01-01

    Resumo: Este trabalho parte da tese de que o estilo interpretativo ao piano, em contexto instrumental Trio (piano, contra-baixo e seção rítmica), de Johnny Alf e João Donato, constitui uma espécie de elo norteador à interpretação da música popular brasileira a partir da segunda metade do século passado, com raízes no samba e forte influência jazzista. Tem, portanto, o objetivo de definir esse elo e demonstrar como esse pode ser uma valiosa referência ao guitarrista, servindo de fonte para est...

  10. Estudo da competitividade das empresas brasileiras do setor de fibras e filamentos químicos por meio do modelo de campos e armas da competição

    OpenAIRE

    Nave , João Góes Bizarro da

    2007-01-01

    A globalização dos mercados vem fazendo exigências de competitividade para todas as empresas, independentemente de seu porte. Um dos setores que mais foi afetado pela abertura da economia brasileira foi o setor têxtil, cuja cadeia produtiva passou por muitas transformações nos últimos anos. Dentro desta cadeia, um dos elos de maior destaque em avanços tecnológicos, diferenciação e, consequentemente, valor agregado, é o elo das empresas produtoras de fibras e filamentos artificiais e sintético...

  11. Lepotna tekmovanja in varstvo otrokovih pravic

    OpenAIRE

    Rajh, Špela

    2017-01-01

    Temeljno načelo Konvencije Združenih narodov o otrokovih pravicah in Zakona o zakonski zvezi in družinskih razmerjih je načelo koristi otroka, ki je osnovno vodilo za ravnanje in postopanje staršev, institucij ter državnih organov, pri vseh dejavnostih, ki zadevajo otroka. Diplomsko delo je sestavljeno iz dveh delov. Prvi zajema pojem otroka in opis otrokovih pravic. Bistvena novost, ki jo prinaša KOP, je, da priznava otrokom tudi svoboščine. Svoboščine so posebna vrsta pravic do svobode...

  12. Organizational structure in Icelandic companies 2004-2007 Skipulag íslenskra fyrirtækja 2004-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Einar Svansson

    2012-12-01

    structure of Icelandic companies 2008-2013.Viðfangsefni greinarinnar er að fjalla um þróun á skipulagi, ferlum og umfangi í starfsemi 200 stærstu íslensku fyrirtækjanna á árunum 2004 til 2007. Gerð var rannsókn að erlendri fyrirmynd í rannsóknarverkefninu Innform á Íslandi. Markmiðið var að kanna hvort ný skipulagsform væru að ryðja sér til rúms eða hvort ný form væru að þróast samhliða eldri formum. Spurningalisti var sendur í pósti til 192 fyrirtækja og svör bárust frá 62 fyrirtækjum (32.3% svörun. Helstu niðurstöður eru þær að stærstu fyrirtækin leggja einna mest áherslu á afurðatengt stjórnskipulag og leggja jafnframt aukna áherslu á viðskiptavininn í skipulagi sínu. Stór hluti fyrirtækjanna (um 70% styðst hins vegar líka eða eingöngu við starfaskipulag. Þessar niðurstöður benda til þess að skipulag stórra íslenskra fyrirtækja sé um margt sambærilegt við þær erlendu rannsóknir sem miðað var við. Íslensku niðurstöðurnar benda líka til þess að skipulag íslensku fyrirtækjanna sé að þróast á þessu tímabili. Verkefnaskipulag er að ryðja sér til rúms og vísbendingar eru um að skipulag sem grundvallast á eignarhaldsfélögum hafi aukist talsvert á tímanum sem rannsóknin nær til. Áherslan á mannauðsstjórnun mælist með mestu áherslubreytinguna yfir tímabilið af þeim þáttum sem mældir voru. Breytingar á umfangi, úthýsingu og samstarfi milli fyrirtækja mælast frekar litlar yfir tímabilið og breytingarnar ganga skemur hér á landi en virðist hafa verið tilfellið í Evrópu áratugi fyrr. Rannsóknir sem byggja á sama mælitæki og jafnframt á raundæmum eru fyrirhugaðar til að kanna nánar þróun á skipulagi íslenskra fyrirtækja yfir tímabilið 2008-2013.

  13. Rainfall erosivity in Brazil: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    In this paper, we review the erosivity studies conducted in Brazil to verify the quality and representativeness of the results generated and to provide a greater understanding of the rainfall erosivity (R-factor) in Brazil. We searched the ISI Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO, and Google Scholar datab...

  14. 'Deani masin' ja teisi raamatuid / [Seppel, Aarne] Led Seppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppel, Led, pseud., 1974-

    1996-01-01

    Rets rmt.: Kassett 1995 / Koost. Elo Vee. Tln. : Eesti Raamat, 1996.Sisu: Kätlin Kätlin. Larii-laree; Kuningas, Madis-Mats. Sõna täüs aiga; Alt, Mai. Laule härjapõlvlase päevaraamatust; A. C. Homseni; Zipp, Lemme. Kirja pandud paberile; Ryytle, Indrek. Deani masin

  15. Representation of Mozambicans in the work domain in the colonial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The fact that all three collocates bancários, altos and públicos are contained in category funcionários ...... Gênero e Trabalho Doméstico numa Sociedade Colonial: Lourenço. Marques .... 17 elos caminhos pouco honrosos de uma política anti-.

  16. Microencapsulation of Epoxidized Linseed Oil Liquid Cross-Linker in Poly(N-vinyl-pyrrolidone): Optimization by a Design-of-Experiments Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Senatore, D.; Laven, J.; Benthem, van R.A.T.M.; La Camera, D.; With, de G.

    2010-01-01

    A liquid cross-linker, epoxidized linseed oil (ELO), was encapsulated in a plastic with a high glass transition temperature (poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone); PVP). The process parameters of the spray-drying employed were optimized by a Design-of-Experiments (DoE) approach. Three factors concerning both

  17. Kassett moosiks! / Priidu Beier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Beier, Priidu, 1957-

    1997-01-01

    Arvustus: Kassett 1995 / koost. Elo Vee. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1996.Sisu: Kätlin Kätlin. Larii-laree; Kuningas, Madis-Mats. Sõna täüs aiga; Alt, Mai. Laule härjapõlvlase päevaraamatust; A. C. Homseni; Zipp, Lemme. Kirja pandud paberile; Ryytle, Indrek [Rüütle, Indrek]. Deani masin

  18. Karikakramäng eesriide taga : Tšehhi uue laine eriprogramm PÖFFil / Tristan Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Tristan, 1976-

    2010-01-01

    14. Pimedate Ööde filmifestivali üks märksõnu on "uus laine". Näha saab Tšehhoslovakkias 1960ndatel valminud mängufilme (rež.-d Milos Forman, Stefan Uher, Jan Nemec, Vojtech Jasny, Eduard Grecner, Dusan Hanak, Juraj Jakubisko, Elo Havetta, Vera Chytilova ja Ivan Passer)

  19. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AM Quilez, S Montserrat-de la Paz, R De la Puerta, MA Fernandez-Arche, MD Gargia-Gimenez ... Danubia C. Sá-Caputo, Carla da F. Dionello, Éric Heleno F.F. Frederico, Laisa L. Paineiras-Domingos, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Danielle S. Morel, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Marianne Unger, Mario Bernardo-Filho.

  20. Multiple growths of epitaxial lift-off solar cells from a single InP substrate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Kyusang; Shiu, Kuen-Ting; Zimmerman, Jeramy D.; Forrest, Stephen R.; Renshaw, Christopher K.

    2010-01-01

    We demonstrate multiple growths of flexible, thin-film indium tin oxide-InP Schottky-barrier solar cells on a single InP wafer via epitaxial lift-off (ELO). Layers that protect the InP parent wafer surface during the ELO process are subsequently removed by selective wet-chemical etching, with the active solar cell layers transferred to a thin, flexible plastic host substrate by cold welding at room temperature. The first- and second-growth solar cells exhibit no performance degradation under simulated Atmospheric Mass 1.5 Global (AM 1.5G) illumination, and have a power conversion efficiency of η p =14.4±0.4% and η p =14.8±0.2%, respectively. The current-voltage characteristics for the solar cells and atomic force microscope images of the substrate indicate that the parent wafer is undamaged, and is suitable for reuse after ELO and the protection-layer removal processes. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, reflection high-energy electron diffraction observation, and three-dimensional surface profiling show a surface that is comparable or improved to the original epiready wafer following ELO. Wafer reuse over multiple cycles suggests that high-efficiency; single-crystal thin-film solar cells may provide a practical path to low-cost solar-to-electrical energy conversion.

  1. "Vesi. Iha. Armastus"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    12. aktinäitus "Mees ja Naine" Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseumis 29. augustini. Väljapanekul on esindatud: Amandus Adamson, Boaz Tal, Edward Lucie-Smith, Ken Wardrop, Daniel de Chenu, Elina Brotherus, Mark Sadan, Konstantin Tabanakov, Ellen Kolk, Ilme ja Riho Kuld, Hille Palm, Elo Liiv, Hannes Starkopf, Jüri Tenson, Merike Estna, Raili Ilmsalu

  2. Inimkatse blondi eesti naise peibutustest Egiptuses / Liivi Shein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Šein, Liivi

    2006-01-01

    ETVs esilinastus 23. nov. "Eesti lugude" sarjas valminud "1001 öö muinasjutt ehk eesti naiste imelised seiklused Egiptuses" : režissöör Elo Selirand : toimetaja Anne-Mari Neider : operaator Mait Mäekivi : Osakond OÜ 2006

  3. High efficiency thin-film solar cells for space applications: challenges and opportunities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leest, R.H. van

    2017-01-01

    In theory high efficiency thin-film III-V solar cells obtained by the epitaxial lift-off (ELO) technique offer excellent characteristics for application in space solar panels. The thesis describes several studies that investigate the space compatibility of the thin-film solar cell design developed

  4. Assessment of seasonal and year-to-year surface salinity signals retrieved from SMOS and Aquarius missions in the Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Akhil, V.P.; Lengaigne, M.; Durand, F.; Vialard, J.; Chaitanya, A.V.S.; Keerthi, M.G.; Gopalakrishna, V.V.; Boutin, J.; de Boyer, M.C.

    , Sorbonne Universités (UPMC, Univ Paris 06)-CNRS-IRD-MNHN, Paris, France; dNIO, Goa, India; eLOS, IFREMER, Plouzané, France ABSTRACT The Bay of Bengal (BoB) exhibits a wide range of sea surface salinity (SSS), with very fresh water induced by heavy monsoonal...

  5. Division of Analytical Chemistry, 1998

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Elo Harald

    1999-01-01

    The article recounts the 1998 activities of the Division of Analytical Chemistry (DAC- formerly the Working Party on Analytical Chemistry, WPAC), which body is a division of the Federation of European Chemical Societies (FECS). Elo Harald Hansen is the Danish delegate, representing The Danish...... Chemical Society/The Society for Analytical Chemistry....

  6. KERKWEES IN DIE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Acta Theologica is an accredited South. African journal publishing ... SciELO South Africa. REDAKSIE/ ... 'n persoon belydenis van geloof af wat instemming met die betrokke kerk se ...... Ek was na my ongeluk buite aksie en op Clarens. 'n Mede-lid ...... Die “formation of new confessions, change to current confessions, and.

  7. Kauplus Mulberry - Oksana Tandit = Mulberry - Oksana Tandit store

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Inglise firma Mulberry ja eesti moekunstniku Oksana Tanditi kauplusest Tallinnas Suur-Karja 2. Sisearhitektid Tiina Talvi ja Elo Pärlioja. Loetletud sisearhitektide tehtud töid. Interjööris kasutatud sepised valmistasid Tõnu Narro ja Märt Vaidla

  8. Kohustuslik lektüür anno 1996 : Kümme raamatut, mis väärivad ostmist ja lugemist / Ülo Tonts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tonts, Ülo, 1931-2016

    1996-01-01

    Sisu: Kross, Jaan. Mesmeri ring; Raud, Rein. Kägude öö; Veisserik, Artur. Ma armastasin Eestit; Trummal, Mart. Korduskatse; Toomet, Tiia. Kaltsutitt ja puuhobune; Tuglas, Elo. Tartu päevik; Linda Rummo elust ja lavaelust/ Koost. Lilian Vellerand; Meri, Lennart. Presidendikõned; Priimägi, Linnar. Mälestusi Euroopast; Unt, Mati. Vastne argimütoloogia

  9. Art and Identity : The Soviet Woman in Estonian Art / Michael Schwab

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schwab, Michael, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 8.04.-26.09.2010 avatud näitusest "Nõukogude naine eesti kunstis", kuraatorid Katrin Kivimaa ja Kädi Talvoja. Ernst Hallopi maalist "Piimatootmine Väimela karjandustehnikumis" (1948) ja Lola Liivati maalist "Laulja ja näitleja Elo Tamuli portree" (1954)

  10. Anti-viral effects of medicinal plants in the management of dengue: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anti-viral effects of medicinal plants in the management of dengue: a systematic review. Éric Heleno Freira Ferreira Frederico, André Luiz Bandeira Dionísio Cardoso, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Carlos Alberto Sampaio Guimarães, Carla da Fontoura Dionello, Danielle Soares Morel, Laisa ...

  11. 78 FR 29807 - Petition for Exemption; Summary of Petition Received

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ... 202-493-2251. Hand Delivery: Bring comments to the Docket Management Facility in Room W12-140 of the..., WA 98057-3356, or Andrea Copeland, ARM-208, Office of Rulemaking, Federal Aviation Administration... of Safety (ELOS) and Sec. 25.901(c), Amendment 25-46. Boeing seeks this exemption until such time as...

  12. Noor-Eesti ja Murelaps / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Noor-Eesti 100 : kriitilisi ja võrdlevaid tagasivaateid = Young Estonia 100 : critical and comparative retrospectives : [artiklikogumik Tallinna Ülikoolis 9. mail 2005 peetud rahvusvahelise seminari "Noor-Eesti 100" ettekannete põhjal] / koostanud ja toimetanud Elo Lindsalu. Tallinn : Tallinna Ülikooli kirjastus, 2006

  13. Treating anterior open bite

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ren, Yijin

    2007-01-01

    DATA SOURCE: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, Embase, LILACS (Latin American & Caribbean Health Sciences Literature) , Brazilian Bibliography of Odontology and SciELO. Ten Chinese journals were searched by hand and the bibliographies of papers were retrieved. STUDY

  14. Physical Activity and Social Support in Adolescents: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendonça, Gerfeson; Cheng, Luanna Alexandra; Mélo, Edilânea Nunes; de Farias, José Cazuza, Jr.

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this review was to systematically synthesize the results of original studies on the association between physical activity and social support in adolescents, published until April 2011. Searches were carried out in Adolec, ERIC, Lilacs, Medline, SciELO, Scopus, SportsDiscus and Web of Science electronic databases and the reference…

  15. MWCNTs-reinforced epoxidized linseed oil plasticized polylactic acid nanocomposite and its electroactive shape memory behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, Javed; Alam, Manawwer; Raja, Mohan; Abduljaleel, Zainularifeen; Dass, Lawrence Arockiasamy

    2014-10-31

    A novel electroactive shape memory polymer nanocomposite of epoxidized linseed oil plasticized polylactic acid and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was prepared by a combination of solution blending, solvent cast technique, and hydraulic hot press moulding. In this study, polylactic acid (PLA) was first plasticized by epoxidized linseed oil (ELO) in order to overcome the major limitations of PLA, such as high brittleness, low toughness, and low tensile elongation. Then, MWCNTs were incorporated into the ELO plasticized PLA matrix at three different loadings (2, 3 and 5 wt. %), with the aim of making the resulting nanocomposites electrically conductive. The addition of ELO decreased glass transition temperature, and increased the elongation and thermal degradability of PLA, as shown in the results of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), tensile test, and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used to observe surface morphology, topography, and the dispersion of MWCNTs in the nanocomposite. Finally, the electroactive-shape memory effect (electroactive-SME) in the resulting nanocomposite was investigated by a fold-deploy "U"-shape bending test. As per the results, the addition of both ELO and MWCNTs to PLA matrix seemed to enhance its overall properties with a great deal of potential in improved shape memory. The 3 wt. % MWCNTs-reinforced nanocomposite system, which showed 95% shape recovery within 45 s at 40 DC voltage, is expected to be used as a preferential polymeric nanocomposite material in various actuators, sensors and deployable devices.

  16. MWCNTs-Reinforced Epoxidized Linseed Oil Plasticized Polylactic Acid Nanocomposite and Its Electroactive Shape Memory Behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javed Alam

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available A novel electroactive shape memory polymer nanocomposite of epoxidized linseed oil plasticized polylactic acid and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs was prepared by a combination of solution blending, solvent cast technique, and hydraulic hot press moulding. In this study, polylactic acid (PLA was first plasticized by epoxidized linseed oil (ELO in order to overcome the major limitations of PLA, such as high brittleness, low toughness, and low tensile elongation. Then, MWCNTs were incorporated into the ELO plasticized PLA matrix at three different loadings (2, 3 and 5 wt. %, with the aim of making the resulting nanocomposites electrically conductive. The addition of ELO decreased glass transition temperature, and increased the elongation and thermal degradability of PLA, as shown in the results of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC, tensile test, and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM and atomic force microscopy (AFM were used to observe surface morphology, topography, and the dispersion of MWCNTs in the nanocomposite. Finally, the electroactive-shape memory effect (electroactive-SME in the resulting nanocomposite was investigated by a fold-deploy “U”-shape bending test. As per the results, the addition of both ELO and MWCNTs to PLA matrix seemed to enhance its overall properties with a great deal of potential in improved shape memory. The 3 wt. % MWCNTs-reinforced nanocomposite system, which showed 95% shape recovery within 45 s at 40 DC voltage, is expected to be used as a preferential polymeric nanocomposite material in various actuators, sensors and deployable devices.

  17. Kontserdisarja "Rosaarium" viimane kontsert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    21. sept. esinevad Jäneda mõisa suures saalis kontserdiga Kait Tamra ja Eesti Nukuteatri segakoor Kaire Vilgatsi juhatamisel. Selle suve esimesel kontserdil esinesid Tõnis Mägi koos Mikk Dedega ja Rakvere kammerkoor Solare dirigent Elo Forseli juhendamisel, teisel kontserdil astusid üles Chalice ja segakoor Suisapäisa Kuldar Schützi juhatamisel

  18. Ameerika kirjastus käis Eestis talente otsimas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    31. jaanuarist 3. veebruarini viibisid Tallinnas USA tõlkekirjastuse Dalkey Archive Pressi esindajad, et välja anda eesti kirjanduse tõlkeid. Kirjastus annab välja ka Euroopa lühiproosat koondavat kogumikku "Best of new European fiction anthology", mille esimeses numbris ilmus Elo Viidingu, teises Toomas Vindi jutustus

  19. Qualité, portée et incidence de l'édition savante en libre accès en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Par contre, les opposants au libre accès s'inquiètent de la perception négative ... (PKP), la Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) et le Red de Revistas ... Call for proposals: Innovations for the economic inclusion of marginalized youth.

  20. [Literaturwerkstatt Berlin`i loodud ja koordineeritud rahvusvaheline kaasaegse luule portaal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    42 riigi kirjandusorganisatsioonide ühistöö varal täienevas kaasaegse luule portaalis http://www.lyrikline.org saab kuulata ja lugeda 1000 luuletaja loomingut ja neist 11 on eesti autorid: Elo Viiding, Maarja Kangro, Jürgen Rooste, Birk Rohelend, Kaur Riismaa, Indrek Mesikepp, Maria Lee, Asko Künnap, Hasso Krull, Veronika Kivisilla ja Igor Kotjuh

  1. Jõhvis tuleb parasürrealistide näitus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Jõhvi kontserdimajas avatakse parasürrealistide rühmituse PARA näitus "Panoraam". Osalevad Ilmar Malin (maalid), Jüri Palm (maalid), Elo Järv (nahkskulptuurid), Vello Vinn (graafika), Leonhard Lapin (akvarellid), Enn Tegova (maalid), Ahti Seppet (puuskulptuurid), Raivo Kelomees (maalid), Kristiina Viin (joonistused ja maalid)

  2. "Paranormalnaja" võstavka v galereje

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    PARA näitus أParanormؤ Narva Muuseumi kunstigaleriis. Osalevad Ilmar Malin, Jüri Palm, Elo Järv, Vello Vinn, Leonhard Lapin, Enn Tegova, Ahti Seppet, Raivo Kelomees ja Kristina Viin. Parasürrealistide rühmitusest PARA

  3. Kas naiskirjandus on olemas? : [ümarlaud] / kokku võtnud D. K. [Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Ümarlaud toimus 30. aprillil 2011 A. H. Tammsaare Muuseumis muuseumi ja Tallinna Ülikooli eesti keele ja kultuuri instituudi koostööna. Ära on toodud Elo Lindsalu, Märt Väljataga ja Igor Kotjuhi sõnavõtud

  4. Computer adaptive practice of Maths ability using a new item response model for on the fly ability and difficulty estimation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klinkenberg, S.; Straatemeier, M.; van der Maas, H.L.J.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present a model for computerized adaptive practice and monitoring. This model is used in the Maths Garden, a web-based monitoring system, which includes a challenging web environment for children to practice arithmetic. Using a new item response model based on the Elo (1978) rating

  5. Stress relaxed nanoepitaxy GaN for growth of phosphor-free indium-rich nanostructures incorporated in apple-white LEDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soh, C.B.; Liu, W.; Ang, N.S.S.; Yong, A.M.; Lai, S.C.; Teng, J.H. [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Chua, S.J. [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Singapore-MIT Alliance, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

    2010-06-15

    Phosphor-free apple-white light emitting diodes (LEDs) have been fabricated using dual stacked InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) comprising a lower set of long wavelength emitting indium rich nanostructures incorporated in MQWs with an upper set of cyan-green emitting MQWs. The LEDs were grown on nano-epitaxial lateral overgrown (ELO) GaN template formed by regrowth of GaN over SiO{sub 2} film patterned using an anodic alumina oxide mask with holes of {proportional_to}125 nm diameter and a period of 250 nm. The MQWs grown on the nano-ELO GaN templates show stronger photoluminescence intensity and a higher activation energy for their peak emission. A minimal shift in the electroluminescence (EL) spectra with higher injection current applied for LEDs grown on ELO-GaN compared to conventional GaN template, suggests a reduction in strain of the quantum well layers on the nano-ELO GaN template. An enhancement in the light extraction efficiency is also achieved with multiple scattering via the embedded SiO{sub 2} mask. (Abstract Copyright [2010], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  6. Eesti firmade külm suplus välismaal / Airi Ilisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilisson, Airi, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    Elo Reiljani doktoritööst, milles on uuritud ettevõtete taandumist välisturgudelt. Viiest suuremast analüüsitud suurettevõttest. Lisad: Kuidas ettevõtted piiri tagant taandusid? Ettevõtete tollased esindajad liikumiste põhjustest. Diagrammid: Klementi; Sangar; Tarkon; Tarmeko; Ösel Foods

  7. Taking the first step is to move half way

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loza-Murguia Manuel G.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society (JSARS, is an official Journal of the Society for Researching Selva Andina (Selva Andina Research Society “SARS” of the Department of Education and Research in Biochemistry & Microbiology (in Spanish DEI & BM, the Peasant Academic Unit from Carmen Pampa of the Bolivian Catholic University “San Pablo”, from the year 2009, is being part of the net SciELO Scientific Electronic Library Online in developing. The net of electronic publication of journals by internet, response to the requirements of the countries from Latina America and Caribbean, as a support to the scientific communication, providing visibility and access to scientific literature, its respects the common methodology in the preparation, storage, dissemination and evaluation of scientific articles in electronic format. To date, eight Bolivian journals are being part of the SciELO Network - Bolivia: http:www.scielo.org. Participating countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Spain, Portugal and Venezuela, besides SciELO “SciELO Public Health and Social Sciences”; countries that are developing as Bolivia, Mexico, Paraguay, Costa Rica, Peru, Uruguay and South Africa . SciELO - Bolivia was made possible by the participation of different institutions like the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, the Strategic Research Program in Bolivia, the Bolivian Catholic University, the Bolivian Association for Biomedical Journal Editors and the Vice Ministry of Science and Technology the support of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO Representation Bolivia. To be part of the this project Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society SciELO-Bolivia, and meet the requirements in the criteria, policies and procedures for application, acceptance and permanence of scientific journals in the SciELO collection - Bolivia, achieving desired by the Chairman of the Board of the Supreme Council on Science and Biotechnology Society

  8. Numerical analysis and simulation of behavior of high burn-up PWR fuel pulse-irradiated in reactivity-initiated accident conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suzuki, M.; Sugiyama, T.; Udagawa, Y.; Nagase, F.; Fuketa, T.

    2010-01-01

    The four cases of the NSRR experiments, consisting of two room temperature tests and two high temperature tests, using high burn-up PWR fuel rods are analyzed by using the RANNS code to discuss the fuel behavior in hypothetical pulse-irradiation conditions, and the results are compared with metallography observations of ruptured claddings. The cladding rupture occurred by a shear sliding which starts from the tip of incipient crack generated in the hydride dense layer. The analyses reveal that the onset of shear sliding leading to cladding rupture can be closely associated with the stress intensity factor KI at the crack tip and local plastic strain evolution around the tip as well, and that these two factors depend also on the temperature of cladding. Simulation calculations on the basis of experimental conditions reveals that the cladding stress is dependent on the height and half-width of pulse power, and for the same integral enthalpy of pulse a larger half-width mitigates the severity of transient and decreases KI to allow plastic strain by temperature rise, thus failure possibility would be markedly decreased

  9. Active fault research in India: achievements and future perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mithila Verma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a brief overview of the progress made towards active fault research in India. An 8 m high scarp running for more than 80 km in the Rann of Kachchh is the classical example of the surface deformation caused by the great earthquake (1819 Kachchh earthquake. Integration of geological/geomorphic and seismological data has led to the identification of 67 active faults of regional scale, 15 in the Himalaya, 17 in the adjoining foredeep with as many as 30 neotectonic faults in the stable Peninsular India. Large-scale trenching programmes coupled with radiometric dates have begun to constraint the recurrence period of earthquakes; of the order of 500–1000 years for great earthquakes in the Himalaya and 10,000 years for earthquakes of >M6 in the Peninsular India. The global positioning system (GPS data in the stand alone manner have provided the fault parameters and length of rupture for the 2004 Andaman Sumatra earthquakes. Ground penetration radar (GPR and interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR techniques have enabled detection of large numbers of new active faults and their geometries. Utilization of modern technologies form the central feature of the major programme launched by the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India to prepare geographic information system (GIS based active fault maps for the country.

  10. Thomas Piketty: Capital in the Twenty-First Century (Le Capital au XXIe siècle. (Ensk þýðing: Arthur Goldhammer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gylfi Magnússon

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Í umsögn gagnrýnanda kemur meðal annars eftirfarandi fram: Ritinu er ekki ætlað að vera lokaorðin um viðfangsefnið heldur miklu frekar grunnur að frekari umræðu og rannsóknum. Það hefur tekist. Capital in the Twenty-First Century er verk sem hefur þegar vakið mikla umræðu og verður vafalaust rætt áfram árum saman. Það er raunar nánast skyldulesning fyrir þá sem ætla sér að fjalla um þjóðhagfræði og hlutverk hins opinbera, hversu sammála eða ósammála sem þeir eru höfundinum.

  11. Poverty, disability and welfare Fátækt,fötlun og velferð

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James G. Rice

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article reports the findings of two research projects which focused on the complex intersection of poverty and disability. Poverty is a widespread social problem and international institutions have published numerous reports on poverty and social inequality in the world. Despite the fact that data shows that disabled people are more likely than non-disabled to be poor, few research projects have considered the relations between disability and poverty. The goal of the research reported in this article was to gain an in-depth understanding and knowledge about the everyday lives of disability pensioners from their own perspective. Qualitative methods were used; individual and focus group interviews with disability pensioners. Participants were a diverse group regarding age, impairment, education, housing and other factors. Findings show that participants found it difficult to survive on the disability pension and many were struggling at the edge of poverty. Most used various strategies in order to subsist in the context of financial vulnerability. Despite that most found it difficult or impossible to maintain a surplus to withstand economic shocks. When people could not make ends meet most turned to their social networks, usually family, for assistance and our findings show that such mutual social networks can play a crucial role. The financial and social struggles to manage on a daily basis created insecurity, anxiety and stress which took a toll on people’s physical and psychological health. It is important that action taken by authorities to prevent poverty be based on knowledge of people’s lives and the complex forces at work at the intersection of disability and poverty.Greinin fjallar um niðurstöður tveggja rannsókna þar sem rýnt var í hið flókna samspil fátæktar og fötlunar. Fátækt er brýnt samfélagsvandamál og alþjóðastofnanir hafa unnið fjölmargar rannsóknir um fátækt og mismunun í heiminum. Þó a

  12. Mechanical and morphological characterization of novel vinyl plastisols with epoxidized linseed oil as natural-based plasticizer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fenollar, O.; Balart, R.; Sanchez-Nacher, L.; Garcia-Sanoguera, D.; Boronat, T.

    2010-01-01

    Poly(vinyl chloride)(PVC) is one of the most commonly used plastics in the current market due to its low cost and versatility in processing, combined with its satisfactory physical and chemical properties. However, there is an important problem associated to the use of plasticized PVC. This problem is regarding to the toxicity of the most common plasticized used like DOP, DEHP, DINP, due to its possible migration. This problem limits the use of the plasticized PVC in the industry. In this work we have used epoxidized linseed oil (ELO) as a non toxic plasticizer for PVC. This type of natural oil is characterized by acting as both plasticizer and stabilizer of PVC. With this purpose, ELO have been added to PVC. The processing conditions (temperature and time of curing) are vital to determine the final properties of the material. A study of the processing conditions shows the adequate temperature and time to achieve the optimum properties.

  13. Defects in degraded GaN-based laser diodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomiya, Shigetaka [Materials Analysis Center, GPS, Sony Corporation, 2-1-1 Shin-sakuragaoka, Hodogaya, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 240-0036 (Japan); Goto, Shu; Takeya, Motonobu; Ikeda, Masao [Development Center, Sony Shiroishi Semiconductor, Inc., 3-53-2 Shiratori, Shiroishi, Miyagi, 989-0734 (Japan)

    2003-11-01

    We investigate degraded GaN-based laser diodes (LDs) fabricated on epitaxial lateral overgrown (ELO) GaN layers using transmission electron microscopy. The dislocation density in the wing region of the ELO is of the order of 10{sup 6}/cm{sup 2} and there are approximately ten threading dislocations in the laser stripe. Neither dislocation multiplication from the threading dislocations nor any structural changes of the threading dislocations were observed in the devices, which were degraded within approximately one hundred hours under 30 mW continuous operation at 25 C. We can, therefore, conclude that degradation in GaN-based LDs is not responsible for the recombination enhanced dislocation motion that is usually observed in zincblende structure-based LDs. (copyright 2003 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  14. On Integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems into the National Airspace System Issues, Challenges, Operational Restrictions, Certification, and Recommendations

    CERN Document Server

    Dalamagkidis, Konstantinos; Piegl, Les A

    2012-01-01

    This book presents, in a comprehensive way, current unmanned aviation regulation, airworthiness certification, special aircraft categories, pilot certification, federal aviation requirements, operation rules, airspace classes and regulation development models. It discusses unmanned aircraft systems levels of safety derived mathematically based on the corresponding levels for manned aviation. It provides an overview of the history and current status of UAS airworthiness and operational regulation worldwide. Existing regulations have been developed considering the need for a complete regulatory framework for UAS. It focuses on UAS safety assessment and functional requirements, achieved in terms of defining an “Equivalent Level of Safety”, or ELOS, with that of manned aviation, specifying what the ELOS requirement entails for UAS regulations. To accomplish this, the safety performance of manned aviation is first evaluated, followed by a novel model to derive reliability requirements for achieving target lev...

  15. High-Volume Production of Lightweight Multijunction Solar Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youtsey, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    MicroLink Devices, Inc., has transitioned its 6-inch epitaxial lift-off (ELO) solar cell fabrication process into a manufacturing platform capable of sustaining large-volume production. This Phase II project improves the ELO process by reducing cycle time and increasing the yield of large-area devices. In addition, all critical device fabrication processes have transitioned to 6-inch production tool sets designed for volume production. An emphasis on automated cassette-to-cassette and batch processes minimizes operator dependence and cell performance variability. MicroLink Devices established a pilot production line capable of at least 1,500 6-inch wafers per month at greater than 80 percent yield. The company also increased the yield and manufacturability of the 6-inch reclaim process, which is crucial to reducing the cost of the cells.

  16. Inhaled beclomethasone in pregnant asthmatic women--a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Aguiar, M M; da Silva, H J; Rizzo, J Â; Leite, D F B; Silva Lima, M E P L; Sarinho, E S C

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to systematically review the safety and efficacy of inhaled beclomethasone for asthma treatment in pregnant women. We performed a systematic review in Medline, LILACS and SciELO electronic databases in December 2012. A total of 3433 articles were found by using the keywords asthma, pregnancy and beclomethasone. Among these, 1666 were from Medline, via PubMed, and 1767 were from LILACS and SciELO. Nine of these articles were selected. Only one paper suggested an increased foetal risk for congenital malformations, and one other for offspring endocrine and metabolic disturbances. Data are mostly reassuring, supporting the use of glucocorticoid inhalants during pregnancy, and we found no evidence of inferiority in relation to efficacy and safety of beclomethasone compared to other drugs used in pregnant asthmatic women. Copyright © 2013 SEICAP. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  17. Autocontrole: um estudo sobre o efeito da variação simultânea da magnitude e do atraso do reforço e da possibilidade de realização de atividades distrativas

    OpenAIRE

    Menezes, Mariana São Thiago Bezerra de

    2007-01-01

    O presente estudo foi realizado com o objetivo analisar o autocontrole de crianças a partir da variação simultânea da magnitude e do atraso do reforço, com e sem a possibilidade de realização de atividades distrativas durante o período de atraso do reforço. Os participantes, 11 crianças com idade de 5 a 11 anos, com e sem o diagnóstico de TDAH, foram submetidas a esquema concorrente-encadeado num computador. A conseqüência produzida pela resposta no primeiro elo, dava início ao segundo elo e ...

  18. Evidence in the learning organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umscheid Craig A

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Organizational leaders in business and medicine have been experiencing a similar dilemma: how to ensure that their organizational members are adopting work innovations in a timely fashion. Organizational leaders in healthcare have attempted to resolve this dilemma by offering specific solutions, such as evidence-based medicine (EBM, but organizations are still not systematically adopting evidence-based practice innovations as rapidly as expected by policy-makers (the knowing-doing gap problem. Some business leaders have adopted a systems-based perspective, called the learning organization (LO, to address a similar dilemma. Three years ago, the Society of General Internal Medicine's Evidence-based Medicine Task Force began an inquiry to integrate the EBM and LO concepts into one model to address the knowing-doing gap problem. Methods During the model development process, the authors searched several databases for relevant LO frameworks and their related concepts by using a broad search strategy. To identify the key LO frameworks and consolidate them into one model, the authors used consensus-based decision-making and a narrative thematic synthesis guided by several qualitative criteria. The authors subjected the model to external, independent review and improved upon its design with this feedback. Results The authors found seven LO frameworks particularly relevant to evidence-based practice innovations in organizations. The authors describe their interpretations of these frameworks for healthcare organizations, the process they used to integrate the LO frameworks with EBM principles, and the resulting Evidence in the Learning Organization (ELO model. They also provide a health organization scenario to illustrate ELO concepts in application. Conclusion The authors intend, by sharing the LO frameworks and the ELO model, to help organizations identify their capacities to learn and share knowledge about evidence-based practice

  19. O uso da geomorfologia no estudo dos solos: algumas considerações

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha, Geraldo César; Universidade Estadual de Londrina

    2011-01-01

    A abordagem dos ecossistemas naturais deve levar em conta todas as variáveis que podem influir na sua dinâmica. O estudo dos solos, os quais representam importante elo do ecossistema terrestre, não deve ficar restrito aos limites específicos da Pedologia, e sim fazer uso de teorias e idéias de outras disciplinas, possibilitando um entendimento mais abrangente desse recurso natural.

  20. Invited commentary: The long term impact of forced migration during childhood on adult health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torsten Santavirta

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Saarela and Elo (SSM-Population Health; Volume 2, December 2016, Pages 813–823 provide new evidence of early life forced displacement not being adversely associated with adult health. Their study highlights some of the challenges to identifying a causal effect of childhood exposure on adult health in the context of complex emergencies. Importantly, it opens up for future research that can address commonly recognized sources of bias and identify intervening pathways linking forced migration with adult health outcomes.

  1. Aspectos do pensamento estético de Bakhtin e seus pares = Aspects of the esthetic thought of Bakhtin and his peers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faraco, Carlos Alberto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto, há uma discussão dos fundamentos da filosofia estética de Mikhail Bakhtin e de seu pares do chamado Círculo de Bakhtin. Argumenta-se que o conceito de “excedente de visão” é o elo que une as ideias estéticas e éticas de Bakhtin

  2. The principle of open access is an essential part of our profession

    OpenAIRE

    Editores Biblios

    2012-01-01

    Interview with Abel Laerte Packer (Brazil). Project coordinator of SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and Advisor to the da Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP). Master's degree in librarianship by Syracuse University, New York, has been director of the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (BIREME/PAHO/WHO).

  3. Satisfaction measurement instruments for healthcare service users: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, Renato Santos de; Bourliataux-Lajoinie, Stephane; Martins, Mônica

    2015-01-01

    Patient satisfaction surveys can be an interesting way to improve quality and discuss the concept of patient-centered care. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review of the validated patient satisfaction measurement instruments applied in healthcare. The systematic review searched the MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge. The search strategy used the terms: "Patient Satisfaction" AND "Patient centered care" AND "Healthcare survey OR Satisfaction questionnaire" AND...

  4. Crowdsourcing as a Novel Method to Evaluate Aesthetic Outcomes of Treatment for Unilateral Cleft Lip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tse, Raymond W; Oh, Eugene; Gruss, Joseph S; Hopper, Richard A; Birgfeld, Craig B

    2016-10-01

    Lack of convenient and reliable methods to grade aesthetic outcomes limits the ability to study results and optimize treatment of unilateral cleft lip. Crowdsourcing methods solicit contributions from a large group to achieve a greater task. The authors hypothesized that crowdsourcing could be used to reliably grade aesthetic outcomes of unilateral cleft lip. Fifty deidentified photographs of 8- to 10-year-old subjects (46 with unilateral cleft lip and four controls) were assembled. Outcomes were assessed using multiple pairwise comparisons that produced a rank order (Elo rank) of nasal appearance and, on a separate survey, by Asher-McDade ratings. Both surveys were repeated to assess reliability. A group of expert surgeons repeated the same tasks on a smaller subset of photographs. The authors obtained 2500 and 1900 anonymous, layperson evaluations by means of crowdsourcing on each Elo rank and Asher-McDade survey, respectively. Elo rank and Asher-McDade scores were highly reproducible (correlation coefficients, 0.87 and 0.98), and crowd evaluations agreed with those by expert surgeons (0.980 and 0.96 for Elo rank and Asher-McDade score, respectively). Crowdsourcing surveys were completed within 9 hours, whereas the expert surgeons required 3 months. On further analysis of their cleft subject sample set, the authors found that greater initial cleft severity was associated with worse aesthetic outcome. Outcomes assessed by crowds were reliable and correlated well with expert assessments. Crowdsourcing allows acquisition of massive numbers of layperson assessments on an unprecedented scale, and is a convenient, rapid, and reliable means of assessing aesthetic outcome of treatment for unilateral cleft lip. Diagnostic, IV.

  5. Tantsides Jamaicat vallutamas / Anu Sööt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sööt, Anu, 1957-

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest lastetantsu konverentsist "Dance and the Child International Conference" Jamaica pealinnas Kingstonis, kus osales Eestist 11 tantsuhuvilist, nende õpetaja ja koreograaf Elo Unt ning projektijuht Jane Miller-Pärnamägi Eesti Tantsuagentuurist. Lisaks Tartu Ülikooli Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia õppejõud Anu Sööt ja Äli Leijen ning Tallinna Ülikooli koreograafia osakonna õppejõud ja Viljandi huvikooli õpetaja Eve Noormets

  6. Näitused / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Kunstihoone ja Rotermanni soolaladu: "Kujundid, objektid, stseenid - vaatenurki prantsuse kunstile alates 1978. aastast"; Sammas-galerii: Tiiu Rebane ja Karl Nagel "Tänapäeva müüt"; Raatuse galerii: Elo Järv "Saavad uuteks liblikateks" (nahakunst); Tammsaare muuseum: "Mis jääb mällu" (sissevaade Saksamaa ajalukku ajavahemikul 1933-1949); Hotell "Olümpia" Forte saal: Gabor Dienesi personaalnäitus (maalid)

  7. Somos visibles y tenemos impacto. Análisis desde datos de acceso abierto, altmetrics y otros de la Revista Interamericana de Bibliotecología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Uribe-Tirado

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un estudio, a partir del OJS de la Revista Interamericana de Bibliotecología-RIB, en interrelación con otras fuentes de información (E-LIS, Google Scholar, RedAlyc, SciELO, Web of Science-SciELO Citation Index y Scopus, que permitió identificar la visibilidad e impacto nacional e internacional que tiene la Revista, integrando desde estas fuentes y desde el análisis, tanto datos bibliométricos como de altmetrics en sentido general. Se aplica a su vez la propuesta de un nuevo indicador (D/T Metrics y se plantea la posibilidad para que revistas de realidades y contextos semejantes apliquen la metodología que conllevó este estudio, para poder identificar su visibilidad e impacto, además de tomar decisiones tanto para sus procesos de calidad y gestión editorial como de marketing científico. This is a study based on the OJS of the Inter-American Science Journal -(in Spanish, RIB, interrelated with other sources of information (E-LIS, Google Scholar, RedAlyc, SciELO, Web of Science-SciELO Citation Index and Scopus. This study allowed the identification of the visibility and the international and national impact the journal has had based on these sources and on an analysis of bibliometric data and altmetrics, generally speaking. At the same time, a new indicator proposal (D/T Metrics is implemented and proposes the possibility for journals of similar realities and contexts to use the methodology that this study completed, to be able to identify the journals visibility and impact and make decisions regarding quality processes and editorial management as well as scientific marketing.

  8. Prosteettisten ja digitaalisten efektien merkitys kauhuelokuvassa

    OpenAIRE

    Sariola, Sari

    2011-01-01

    Käsittelen opinnäytetyössäni sitä, miten erilaiset tekniikat tehdä erikoistehosteet vaikuttavat elokuvaan ja sen realistisuuteen. Rajasin tutkimuksen kohteen kauhuelokuvagenreen ja yhteen sen vanhimmista hirviöistä, ihmissuteen. Lähestyn aihetta vertailemalla kolmea eri kauhuelokuvaa. Keskityn vertailtavissa elokuvissa ennen kaikkea ihmissusien muodonmuutoskohtauksiin ja niiden yleiseen uskottavuuteen, sekä tekniikoihin joilla kohtaukset toteutettiin. Tutkielmassa vertailuun käytetyt elo...

  9. Hingetoit hääste konserveeritud : 3 luulesalvestist / Jürgen Rooste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rooste, Jürgen, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaadid: Mikiver, Mikk ; Mätlik, Heiki. Teele selle poole, millel pole lõppu ja pole ka algust [Helisalvestis] : loometund poeetide Jaan Kaplinski ja Walt Whitmani luulest. Tallinn : Eesti Raadioteater, 2004 ; Krull, Hasso. Meeter ja Demeeter [Helisalvestis]. Tallinn : S.n., 2003 ; Ord från Estland / Kristiina Ehin, fs, Jan Kaus, Asko Künnap, Aare Pilv, Lauri Sommer, Elo Viiding. S.l. : Põhjamaade Ministrite Nõukogu, [2004

  10. Regulation of palmitoyl-CoA chain elongation by clofibric acid in the liver of Zucker fa/fa rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toyama, Tomoaki; Kudo, Naomi; Mitsumoto, Atsushi; Kawashima, Yoichi

    2005-05-01

    The regulation of palmitoyl-CoA chain elongation (PCE) by clofibric acid [2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpropionic acid] was investigated in comparison with stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) in the liver of obese Zucker fa/fa rats. The proportion of oleic acid in the hepatic lipids of Zucker obese rats is 2.7 times higher than that of lean littermates. The activities of PCE and SCD in the liver of Zucker obese rats were markedly higher than in lean rats, and the hepatic uptake of 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) was also higher in Zucker obese rats compared with lean rats. The increased activities of SCD and PCE in Zucker obese rats were due to the enhanced expression of mRNA of both SCD1 and rat FA elongase 2 (rELO2), but not SCD2 or rELO1. The proportion of oleic acid in the liver was significantly increased by the administration of clofibric acid to Zucker obese rats, and the hepatic PCE activity and rELO2 mRNA expression, but not the SCD activity or SCD1 mRNA expression, were increased in response to clofibric acid treatment. By contrast, the activities of both PCE and SCD and the mRNA expression of SCD1 and rELO2 in the liver were increased by the treatment of Zucker lean rats with clofibric acid. Multiple regression analysis, which was performed to determine the relationships involving PCE activity, SCD activity, and the proportion of oleic acid, revealed that the three parameters were significantly correlated and that the standardized partial regression coefficient of PCE was higher than that of SCD. These results indicate that oleic acid is synthesized by the concerted action of PCE and SCD and that PCE plays a crucial role in the formation of oleic acid when Zucker fa/fa rats are given clofibric acid.

  11. Ghrelin and eating disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Fabbri,Alessandra Donzelli; Deram,Sophie; Kerr,Daniel Shikanai; Cordás,Táki Athanássios

    2015-01-01

    Background Ghrelin is a potent hormone with central and peripheral action. This hormone plays an important role in the regulation of appetite, food intake, and energy balance. Studies have suggested that ghrelin is involved with eating disorders (ED), particularly bingeing and purging. Genetic variants have also been studied to explain changes in eating behavior. Methods We conducted a literature review; we searched PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), and LILACS databases u...

  12. Social networking, a new online addiction: a review of Facebook and other addiction disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Guedes, Eduardo; Nardi, Antonio Egidio; Guimarães, Flávia Melo Campos Leite; Machado, Sergio; King, Anna Lucia Spear

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Facebook is the world's most widely accessed social network, where millions of people intercommunicate. Behavioral and psychological changes relate to abusive and uncontrolled use creating severe impacts on users' life. METHOD: A critical revision was performed through MedLine, Lilacs, SciELO and Cochrane databases using the terms: "Facebook Addiction," "Social Network Sites," "Facebook Abuse." The search covered the past 5 years up to January 2015. Articles that examine depend...

  13. MWCNTs-Reinforced Epoxidized Linseed Oil Plasticized Polylactic Acid Nanocomposite and Its Electroactive Shape Memory Behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Alam, Javed; Alam, Manawwer; Raja, Mohan; Abduljaleel, Zainularifeen; Dass, Lawrence

    2014-01-01

    A novel electroactive shape memory polymer nanocomposite of epoxidized linseed oil plasticized polylactic acid and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was prepared by a combination of solution blending, solvent cast technique, and hydraulic hot press moulding. In this study, polylactic acid (PLA) was first plasticized by epoxidized linseed oil (ELO) in order to overcome the major limitations of PLA, such as high brittleness, low toughness, and low tensile elongation. Then, MWCNTs were inc...

  14. Recursos para investigadores de países en desarrollo

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Melanie Brunet

    Recopilado por: Servicio de asistencia, información e investigación del IDRC. Actualizado: ... íntegros a información médica de calidad. Idioma: inglés ... proporcionan herramientas de búsqueda avanzada y de consultas. En este ... procedimientos para la medición del uso y el impacto de revistas académicas. SciELO es el ...

  15. An Investigation of Aircraft Heaters. 12 - Performance of a Formed- Plate Crossflow Exhaust Gas and Air Heat Exchanger

    Science.gov (United States)

    1943-05-01

    prossq.r.e~rO.~-~T~~oI .... .... . So ‘Pht r = hpTiso, The ga~ passa{:es wore slightly.. ..” tapoyeod Qn occh end so that the isothermal pressure dron “aons...values me.=.s- ured in the laboratory. (See fl[s. 10 and 11 ~nd table IV. ) The elo.le of the non-isothermal pressure dron curve should be &zQaiQx

  16. Tratamento das Dislipidemias com Estatinas e Exercícios Físicos: Evidências Recentes das Respostas Musculares

    OpenAIRE

    Bonfim, Mariana Rotta; Oliveira, Acary Souza Bulle [UNIFESP; Amaral, Sandra Lia do; Monteiro, Henrique Luiz

    2015-01-01

    Statin treatment in association with physical exercise practice can substantially reduce cardiovascular mortality risk of dyslipidemic individuals, but this practice is associated with myopathic event exacerbation. This study aimed to present the most recent results of specific literature about the effects of statins and its association with physical exercise on skeletal musculature. Thus, a literature review was performed using PubMed and SciELO databases, through the combination of the keyw...

  17. Invited commentary: The long term impact of forced migration during childhood on adult health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santavirta, Torsten

    2016-12-01

    Saarela and Elo (SSM-Population Health; Volume 2, December 2016, Pages 813-823) provide new evidence of early life forced displacement not being adversely associated with adult health. Their study highlights some of the challenges to identifying a causal effect of childhood exposure on adult health in the context of complex emergencies. Importantly, it opens up for future research that can address commonly recognized sources of bias and identify intervening pathways linking forced migration with adult health outcomes.

  18. Sul on miljoni dollari idee? Nemad aitavad sul selle rahaks teha / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti kultuurivahendajatest, nende nappusest. Kultuurikorraldusest, loomest ja ettevõtlusest, kultuuriturundusest, loomemajandusest, mänedžeri ja looja koostööst, kultuuri ekspordist. Kultuurikorraldajate koolitusest Tartu Ülikoolis ning Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemias. Arvamust avaldavad galerist Olga Temnikova, Eesti Disainerite Liidu esimees Ilona Gurjanova, kontserdikorraldaja Helen Sildna, Ville Jehe disainibüroost Keha3, Von Krahli Teatri projektijuht Elo-Liis Parmas, moekorraldaja Merilyn Kesküla jt.

  19. Characterization of Enzymes Involved in Fatty Acid Elongation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-11

    eukaryotes, such as MAELO (40% identity with yeast Elo2p) that elongates C16-C18 saturated and monounsaturated FAs in the filamentous fungus ...and n-6 FAs have been reported in patients suffering from hypertension [145]. Thus, several PUFA rich oil-producing organisms, including the fungus ...membrane proteome (30), a topological reporter cassette (Suc2p/His4C) was fused at the C-terminus of many membrane proteins, including Tsc13p. The

  20. Acute liver failure and self-medication

    OpenAIRE

    OLIVEIRA, André Vitorio Câmara de; ROCHA, Frederico Theobaldo Ramos; ABREU, Sílvio Romero de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Not responsible self-medication refers to drug use in high doses without rational indication and often associated with alcohol abuse. It can lead to liver damage and drug interactions, and may cause liver failure. AIM: To warn about how the practice of self-medication can be responsible for acute liver failure. METHOD: Were used the Medline via PubMed, Cochrane Library, SciELO and Lilacs, and additional information on institutional sites of interest crossing the headings acute l...

  1. Nurse competencies for health promotion in the mental health context

    OpenAIRE

    Aguiar,Maria Isis Freire de; Lima,Hélder de Pádua; Braga,Violante Augusta Batista; Aquino,Priscila de Souza; Pinheiro,Ana Karina Bezerra; Ximenes,Lorena Barbosa

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To identify the competencies of nurses to health promotion in psychiatric and mental health context. METHODS: Integrative review of literature performed through search using the keywords: "mental health" and "professional competence", in the databases SciELO, LILACS, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane, in the period of 2003 to 2011. 215 studies were identified, of these, six followed the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Based on the National Panel for Psychiatric Mental Health NP Comp...

  2. A systematic review of observational studies on oxidative/nitrosative stress involvement in dengue pathogenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Castro, Raimundo; Pinzón, Hernando Samuel; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Our objective was to systematically review the published observational research related to the role of oxidative-nitrosative stress in pathogenesis of dengue. Methods: We searched electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, The COCHRANE library, ScienceDirect, Scopus, SciELO, LILACS via Virtual Health Library, Google Scholar) using the term: dengue, dengue virus, severe dengue, oxidative stress, nitrosative stress, antioxidants, oxidants, free radicals, oxidized lipid products, lipid per...

  3. Fasting abbreviation among patients submitted to oncologic surgery: systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    PINTO, Andressa dos Santos; GRIGOLETTI, Shana Souza; MARCADENTI, Aline

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The abbreviation of perioperative fasting among candidates to elective surgery have been associated with shorter hospital stay and decreased postoperative complications. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review from randomized controlled trials to detect whether the abbreviation of fasting is beneficial to patients undergoing cancer surgery compared to traditional fasting protocols. METHOD: A literature search was performed in electronic databases: MEDLINE (PubMed), SciELO...

  4. Study of epitaxial lateral overgrowth of semipolar (1 1 − 2 2) GaN by using different SiO2 pattern sizes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Song, Ki-Ryong; Lee, Jae-Hwan; Han, Sang-Hyun; Yi, Hye-Rin; Lee, Sung-Nam

    2013-01-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • We examine comparative studies of semipolar ELO-GaN film. • Semipolar ELO-GaN film was grown by three step growth method. • The achievement of smooth surface morphology of semipolar ELO-GaN. • The crystal and optical properties was significantly improved by ELO process. - Abstract: We investigated the growth mode and the crystal properties of lateral epitaxial overgrowth (LEO) semipolar (1 1 − 2 2) GaN by using the various SiO 2 pattern sizes of 6, 8, 10 and 12 μm with the window width of 4.0 μm. By using three-step growth technique, we successfully obtained the fully-coalescenced semipolar (1 1 − 2 2) LEO-GaN films regardless of the SiO 2 pattern sizes. However, the coalescence thickness of LEO-GaN film was decreased with decreasing SiO 2 pattern size, indicating that the coalescence of semipolar (1 1 − 2 2) GaN was easily formed by decreasing the pattern size of SiO 2 mask. The full width at half maximums (FWHMs) of X-ray rocking curves (XRCs) of LEO-GaN films decreased with increasing SiO 2 pattern size. In the pattern size of 4 × 10 μm, we achieved the minimum XRCs FWHM of 537 and 368 arc s with two different X-ray incident beam directions of [1 1 − 2 − 3] and [1 − 1 0 0], respectively. Moreover, the photoluminescence bandedge emission of semipolar (1 1 − 2 2) GaN was 45 times increased by LEO process. Based on these results, we concluded that the LEO pattern size of 4 × 10 μm would effectively decrease crystal defects of semipolar (1 1 − 2 2) GaN epilayer, resulting in an improvement of the optical properties

  5. Method and device for thermal control of biological and chemical reactions using magnetic particles or magnetic beads and variable magnetic fields

    OpenAIRE

    Zilch, C.; Gerdes, W.; Bauer, J.; Holschuh, K.

    2009-01-01

    The invention relates to a method for the thermal control of at least one temperature-dependent enzymatic reaction in the presence of magnetic particles, particularly nanoparticles, or magnetic beads, in vitro by heating the magnetic beads or magnetic particles to at least one defined target temperature using alternating magnetic fields. The thermally controllable enzymatic reaction carried out with the method according to the invention is preferably a PCR reaction or another reaction for elo...

  6. Kultuurimure - tänan, ei / Tõnu Kaalep, Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-2018

    1996-01-01

    Ajalehest 'Kultuurimaa'. Vastukajad : Raudam, Toomas. Põlvede konnad // Postimees. - 1996. - 18. sept. - Lk.14; Väljataga, Märt. Kultuurimure on bioloogiline probleem // Eesti Ekspress. - 1996. - 20. sept. - Lk.A5; Lindsalu, Elo. [Vastukaja] // Eesti Ekspress. - 1996. - 20. sept. - Lk. A5; Juske, Ants. Kultuurimure - miks ka mitte // Kultuurimaa. - 1996. - 25. sept. - Lk. 2; Sivers, Fanny de. Kultuurimure? Tohoh? // Eesti Ekspress. - 1996. - 8. nov. - Lk.B7

  7. The Importance of Work-Life Balance Opportunities and Support from the Perspective of Nursing Stu-dents in Dalarna, Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Hank, Nadine; Wänn, Anna

    2016-01-01

    There is a shortage of nurses leading to challenges in recruitment in Sweden and many other countries. Especially for less populated regions recruitment can be chal-lenging. Nurses often face difficulties with work-life balance (WLB). This study aims to identify the importance of WLB opportunities and support that make a work-place attractive from the perspective of nursing students studying in Dalarna. A questionnaire was distributed via email to 525 students enrolled in the nursing bach-elo...

  8. Resilience of caregivers of people with dementia: a systematic review of biological and psychosocial determinants

    OpenAIRE

    Dias,Rachel; Santos,Raquel Luiza; Sousa,Maria Fernanda Barroso de; Nogueira,Marcela Moreira Lima; Torres,Bianca; Belfort,Tatiana; Dourado,Marcia Cristina Nascimento

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Although caregivers of people with dementia may face difficulties, some positive feelings of caregiving may be associated with resilience.Objective: This study systematically reviewed the definitions, methodological approaches and determinant models associated with resilience among caregivers of people with dementia.Methods: Search for articles published between 2003 and 2014 in ISI, PubMed/MEDLINE, SciELO and Lilacs using the search terms resilience, caregivers and dementia.Res...

  9. Analyses of Non-bonding Length, Partial Atomics Charge and Electrostatic Energy from Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Phospholipase A2 – Substrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirwan Syarif

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports molecular dynamics simulation of phospholipase A2 (PLA2– substrate that has been done. Non-bonding length, partial atomic charge and electrostatic energy were used to evaluation the interaction between PLA2 and substrate. The research was subjected for three types of PLA2 of different sources, i.e, homo sapien, bovinus and porcinus, by using computer files of their molecular structures. The files with code 3elo, 1bp2, dan 1y6o were downloaded from protein data bank. Substrate structure can be found in 1y60 and was separated from its enzyme structure and docked into two other PLA2 structures for simulation purpose. Molecular dynamics simulations were done for 30000 steps with constant in number of molecules, volume and temperature (NVT. The results showed the existing of flip-flop mechanism as basic feature of PLA2 – substrate reactions. Interaction length analysis results indicated the presence of water molecules on the structures of 1bp2 and 3elo at the time of the simulation was completed. The existence of aspagine at the reaction site confirmed the theory that this amino acid is responsible for the survival of the reaction. the electrostatic energy increased substantially in the interaction after homo sapien PLA2 (3elo and Bovinus (1bp2 with the substrate. Inverse effect took place in the PLA porcinus (1y6o.

  10. Polymerization of Oriental Lacquer (Urushi with Epoxidized Linseed Oil as a New Reactive Diluent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takahisa Ishimura

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A hybrid lacquer (HBL paint prepared by combining a natural kurome lacquer (KL paint and an amino silane reagent, for example, N-(2-aminoethyl-3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane (AATES, produced a polymerized film faster than the KL paint alone. However, the viscosity of the HBL paint was too viscous for easy handling. Addition of 10 wt% of an epoxidized linseed oil, ELO-6, with 6.4 mol% epoxidation as a reactive diluent to the HBL paint decreased the viscosity by 1/2 from 25476 mPa·s to 12841 mPa·s and improved the ease of coatability. The polymerization mechanism was elucidated by NMR measurements of extracts from the resulting polymerization films, suggesting that amino groups in the HBL paint reacted with epoxy groups of ELO-6 in the lacquer matrix, and then the complex reacted with double bonds of the urushiol side-chain by autooxidation and cross-linking reactions to give a hard polymerized film with a high quality of color and gloss. These results indicate that the addition of ELO-6 improved the polymerizability of both KL and HBL paints without decreasing the quality of the resulting films.

  11. Properties of ZrN films as substrate masks in liquid phase epitaxial lateral overgrowth of compound semiconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dobosz, D.; Zytkiewicz, Z.R.; Jakiela, R.; Golaszewska, K.; Kaminska, E.; Piotrowska, A.; Piotrowski, T.T.; Barcz, A.

    2005-01-01

    The usefulness of ZrN films as masks for epitaxial lateral overgrowth of GaAs and GaSb by liquid phase epitaxy is studied. It was observed that during the growth process ZrN masks are mechanically stable, they adhere strongly to the substrate and do not show any signs of degradation even at the growth temperature as high as 750 C. Moreover, perfect selectivity of GaAs and GaSb epitaxy was obtained on ZrN masked substrates ensuring the growth wide and thin layers. To study the influence of growth conditions on electrical resistivity of the mask, ZrN films deposited on GaAs substrates were annealed in various atmospheres. It was found that at temperatures higher than about 580 C the ZrN masks become highly resistive when heat-treated in hydrogen flow employed during growth. Usually, LPE growth temperature for GaAs is higher. Thus, ELO growth of GaAs by LPE becomes more difficult, though still possible, if ZrN masks are to be applied as buried electrical contacts. For GaSb ELO layers however, typical LPE growth temperature is about 480 C. This allows us to grow high quality GaSb ELO layers by LPE still preserving high electrical conductivity of ZrN mask. (copyright 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  12. Plagiarism Allegations Account for Most Retractions in Major Latin American/Caribbean Databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Renan Moritz V R; de Albuquerque Rocha, Karina; Catelani, Fernanda; Fontes-Pereira, Aldo José; Vasconcelos, Sonia M R

    2016-10-01

    This study focuses on retraction notices from two major Latin American/Caribbean indexing databases: SciELO and LILACS. SciELO includes open scientific journals published mostly in Latin America/the Caribbean, from which 10 % are also indexed by Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Journal of Citation Reports (JCR). LILACS has a similar geographical coverage and includes dissertations and conference/symposia proceedings, but it is limited to publications in the health sciences. A search for retraction notices was performed in these two databases using the keywords "retracted", "retraction" "withdrawal", "withdrawn", "removed" and "redress". Documents were manually checked to identify those that actually referred to retractions, which were then analyzed and categorized according to the reasons alleged in the notices. Dates of publication/retraction and time to retraction were also recorded. Searching procedures were performed between June and December 2014. Thirty-one retraction notices were identified, fifteen of which were in JCR-indexed journals. "Plagiarism" was alleged in six retractions of this group. Among the non-JCR journals, retraction reasons were alleged in fourteen cases, twelve of which were attributed to "plagiarism". The proportion of retracted articles for the SciELO database was approximately 0.005 %. The reasons alleged in retraction notices may be used as signposts to inform discussions in Latin America on plagiarism and research integrity. At the international level, these results suggest that the correction of the literature is becoming global and is not limited to mainstream international publications.

  13. Plants with anti-Leishmania activity: Integrative review from 2000 to 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, Ana Maria G; Dos Santos, Derivaldo; Rodrigues, Sheyla A; Brito, Renan G; Xavier-Filho, Lauro

    2013-01-01

    The search for more effective new drugs to treat Leishmaniasis is undoubtedly relevant. Our objective in this study was to investigate research publications addressing plants with anti-Leishmaniasis activity. An integrative review of the literature from 2000 to 2011 was carried out in the databases such as Latin-American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), and Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE). In the initial search, 150 articles were found, with 25 based in LILACS, 68 in SciELO, and 46 in MEDLINE. From these data, after reading the abstracts that were available online, we excluded 12 from LILACS, 39 from SciELO, and 28 from MEDLINE for presenting article duplications. This left 61 articles to be read; however, only 18 of them answered the research questions and determined the final sample of this review. The results showed that research involving the search for new drugs against Leishmaniasis should be intensified, especially for the amastigote form, and studies with in vivo tests could become a great strategy for successfully finding new treatments for Leishmaniasis. It is believed that it is extremely important and urgent to conduct more trials in search of new effective drugs against Leishmaniasis that possess minimal adverse effects and that are easily accessible to the public.

  14. Coalescence of GaAs on (001) Si nano-trenches based on three-stage epitaxial lateral overgrowth

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, Yunrui; Wang, Jun, E-mail: wangjun12@bupt.edu.cn; Hu, Haiyang; Wang, Qi; Huang, Yongqing; Ren, Xiaomin [State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China)

    2015-05-18

    The coalescence of selective area grown GaAs regions has been performed on patterned 1.8 μm GaAs buffer layer on Si via metal-organic chemical vapor deposition. We propose a promising method of three-stage epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) to achieve uniform coalescence and flat surface. Rough surface caused by the coalescence of different growth fronts is smoothened by this method. Low root-mean-square surface roughness of 6.29 nm has been obtained on a 410-nm-thick coalesced ELO GaAs layer. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscope study shows that the coalescence of different growth fronts will induce some new dislocations. However, the coalescence-induced dislocations tend to mutually annihilate and only a small part of them reach the GaAs surface. High optical quality of the ELO GaAs layer has been confirmed by low temperature (77 K) photoluminescence measurements. This research promises a very large scale integration platform for the monolithic integration of GaAs-based device on Si.

  15. Indústria cinematográfica brasileira de 1995 a 2012: estrutura de mercado e políticas públicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Cavalcante Michel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho é analisar a estrutura da indústria cinematográfica brasileira e o papel das políticas públicas dirigidas ao setor no período de 1995 a 2012. O estudo identifica as empresas atuantes nos diferentes elos da cadeia produtiva – produção, distribuição e exibição – e utiliza os índices de concentração CR(4, CR(8 e o índice Hirschman-Herfindahl (HHI para caracterizar a estrutura de mercado em cada uma das etapas do processo produtivo. Entre os resultados encontrados, destaca-se que: i a estrutura do setor é fortemente concentrada nos três elos da cadeia produtiva; ii a dinâmica setorial, especificamente o elo da produção, esteve fortemente relacionada às políticas públicas de apoio. Assim, o estudo conclui que, para desenvolvimento mais expressivo da indústria cinematográfica no Brasil, essas políticas devem atuar simultaneamente nas três etapas da cadeia produtiva, promovendo maior competitividade ao cinema nacional.

  16. The Betting Odds Rating System: Using soccer forecasts to forecast soccer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wunderlich, Fabian; Memmert, Daniel

    2018-01-01

    Betting odds are frequently found to outperform mathematical models in sports related forecasting tasks, however the factors contributing to betting odds are not fully traceable and in contrast to rating-based forecasts no straightforward measure of team-specific quality is deducible from the betting odds. The present study investigates the approach of combining the methods of mathematical models and the information included in betting odds. A soccer forecasting model based on the well-known ELO rating system and taking advantage of betting odds as a source of information is presented. Data from almost 15.000 soccer matches (seasons 2007/2008 until 2016/2017) are used, including both domestic matches (English Premier League, German Bundesliga, Spanish Primera Division and Italian Serie A) and international matches (UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europe League). The novel betting odds based ELO model is shown to outperform classic ELO models, thus demonstrating that betting odds prior to a match contain more relevant information than the result of the match itself. It is shown how the novel model can help to gain valuable insights into the quality of soccer teams and its development over time, thus having a practical benefit in performance analysis. Moreover, it is argued that network based approaches might help in further improving rating and forecasting methods.

  17. Photon confinement in high-efficiency, thin-film III-V solar cells obtained by epitaxial lift-off

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schermer, J.J.; Bauhuis, G.J.; Mulder, P.; Haverkamp, E.J.; Deelen, J. van; Niftrik, A.T.J. van; Larsen, P.K.

    2006-01-01

    Using the epitaxial lift-off (ELO) technique, a III-V device structure can be separated from its GaAs substrate by selective wet etching of a thin release layer. The thin-film structures obtained by the ELO process can be cemented or van der Waals bonded on arbitrary smooth surface carriers for further processing. It is shown that the ELO method, initially able to separate millimetre-sized GaAs layers with a lateral etch rate of about 1 mm/h, has been developed to a process capable to free the entire 2-in. epitaxial structures from their substrates with etch rates up to 30 mm/h. With these characteristics the method has a large potential for the production of high efficiency thin-film solar cells. By choosing the right deposition and ELO strategy, the thin-film III-V cells can be adequately processed on both sides allowing for an entire range of new cell structures. In the present work, the performance of semi-transparent bifacial solar cells, produced by the deposition of metal grid contacts on both sides, was evaluated. Reflection of light at the rear side of the bifacial GaAs solar cells was found to result in an enhanced collection probability of the photon-induced carriers compared to that of regular III-V cells on a GaAs substrate. To enhance this effect, thin-film GaAs cells with gold mirror back contacts were prepared. Even in their present premature stage of development, these single-junction thin-film cells reached a record efficiency of 24.5% which is already very close to the 24.9% efficiency that was obtained with a regular GaAs cell on a GaAs substrate. From this it could be concluded that, as a result of the photon confinement, ELO cells require a significantly thinner base layer than regular GaAs cells while at the same time they have the potential to reach a higher efficiency

  18. From Tethyan Oceans to the Western Mediterranean I - Plate reconstructions from the Present back to the Early Mesozoic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, Stefan; Handy, Mark; Bousquet, Romain; Kissling, Eduard; Bernoulli, Daniel

    2010-05-01

    -Kabylia-Peloritani-Calabria; Michard et al. 2002) is rendered necessary for two principal reasons: (a) the contrasting tectonometamorphic evolution of the West Ligurian Ocean (future Alps-Corsica-Betics) and the East Ligurian Ocean (future Apennine) make it necessary to kinematically decouple the fate of these two branches of Alpine Tethys located on opposite sides of the Alkapekia continental block; (b) Alkapecia that was formerly part of the African and/or Adriatic plate overrode parts of the Iberian, African and Adria plates as an independent continental microplate during Late Cenozoic rollback subduction leading to the present-day Betic-Rif arc and the Calabrian Trench-Arc system. Our complex five-plate model provides an explanation of the equally complex evolution of the Western Mediterranean-Alps system, as discussed in part II of this contribution (Handy et al.). Márton, E., Zampieri, D., Grandesso, P., Ćosović, V., Moro, A., submitted to Tectonophysics. New Cretaceous paleomagnetic results from the foreland of the Southern Alps and the refined apparent polar wander path for stable Adria. Savostin, L.A., Sibuet, J.-C., Zonenshain, L.P., Le Pichon, X., Roulet, M.-J., 1986. Kinematic evolution of the Tethys belt from the Atlantic ocean to the Pamire since the Triassic. Tectonophysics 123: 1-35. Séranne, M., 1999. The Gulf of Lion continental margin (NW Mediterranean) revisited by IBS: an overview. In: B. Durand, L. Jolivet, F. Horvath, M. Séranne (Editors), The Mediterranean Basins: Tertiary Extension within the Alpine Orogen. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 156: 15-36. Michard, A., Chalouan, A., Feinberg, H., Goffé, B., Montigny, R., 2002. How does the Alpine belt end between Spain and Morocco? Bullétin Societé géologique de France 173: 3-15.

  19. Statutes of Limitation for Sexual Offenses Against Children Fyrning kynferðisbrota gegn börnum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svala Ísfeld Ólafsdóttir

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract in English is unavailable.Hér á eftir er rakinn aðdragandi þeirra breytinga sem gerðar voru á fyrningarreglum almennra hegningarlaga vegna kynferðisbrota gegn börnum síðasta vor með lögum nr. 61/2007. Ein þeirra fól í sér að alvarleg kynferðisbrot gegn börnum fyrnast nú ekki. Frá refsipólitísku og afbrotafræðilegu sjónarmiði er þessi breyting athyglisverð. Í henni felst frávik frá þeirri stefnumörkun löggjafans til langs tíma að fækka ófyrnanlegum brotum og að eingöngu þau brot sem geta varðað ævilöngu fangelsi skuli vera ófyrnanleg. Ekkert þeirra kynferðisbrota sem breytingin tekur til getur varðað svo þungri refsingu. Breytingin átti sér langan aðdraganda, þótt svo mætti virðast af ferli málsins á Alþingi vorið 2007 að hana hafi borið brátt að. Fjöldi frumvarpa sem að þessu snúa hefur verið lagður fram á Alþingi síðari ár og umræður á þeim vettvangi um eðli kynferðisbrota gegn börnum, rannsóknir fagfólks og reynslusögur fórnarlamba kynferðisbrota og lýsingar þeirra á afleiðingum brotanna á lífshlaup sitt, skýra þetta frávik frá meginstefnu löggjafans að verulegu leyti. Ákvörðunin var tekin eftir mikil skoðanaskipti og umræður. Aðdragandinn sýnir að breytingin byggist á sérstöku eðli þessara brota og felur í sér áherslu á alvarlegar og langvarandi afleiðingar þeirra fyrir fórnarlömbin, sem taldar eru vega þyngra en almenn rök að baki fyrningarreglum um réttarstöðu brotamanns, erfiðleika við rannsókn brotanna og sönnun. Á hinn bóginn má vera að vegna þessara vandkvæða feli breytingin fyrst og fremst í sér táknræna viðurkenningu löggjafans á alvarleika brotanna, fremur en að hún eigi eftir að hafa mikla raunhæfa þýðingu.

  20. Arsenic and Fluoride Mobilization Mechanism in Groundwater of Indus Delta and Thar Desert, Sindh, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIQAR HUSAIN

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Indus deltaic plain consists of medium to fine grained sediments, rich in organic matter deposited during the Holocene period. Thar desert is covered with sand dunes and loess originated from transported sediments from Rann of Kutch or the Indus plain by monsoon winds or by the reworking of local alluvial deposits. Groundwater salinity and microbial pollution are common in both types of lanforms, but arsenic (AS and fluoride (F toxicity dominate in the groundwater of Indus delta and Thar desert, respectively. Arsenic concentration in Tando Mohammad Khan and Tando Allayar varies from 10-500 ppb and exhibits near neutral slightly alkaline pH ranging from 6.8 to 8.0. Arsenic distribution is patchy and seems to be related to the prsence of small scale redox zonation in the aquifer. High arsenic affected areas are densely populated and intensively cultivated and its hot spots are those from where the Indus river passed during the Holocene period including Tando Allayar and Tando Mohammad Khan. Extensive ground water irrigation has accelerated flow of groundwater that brought dissolved degraded organic matter in contact with arsenic bearing sediments, enhancing reduction processes and triggering release of arsenic from detrital bioitite and muscovite in the groundwater. Furthermore, unlined sanitation and microbial contamination contribute to degradation of organic matter that enhances the reduction of iron oxy-hydroxide leading to release of arsenic to groundwater. Fluoride is found in all the groundwater samples of Tharparkar district, in the range of 0.96-2.74mg/l. The pH of groundwater is alkaline (7.38-8.59, which is accelerating maximum (1.24%F dissolution in the groundwater. The favourable pH of groundwater and soil composition of Holocene sediments of Indus delta and slightly older alluvium of Thar desert, respectively are responsible for mobilization of arsenic and fluoride in groundwater of Sindh province of Pakistan.

  1. Design aspects of 50 m3/d prototype mobile desalination unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bhattacharyya, K.P.; Srivastava, V.K.; Tewari, P.K.

    2004-01-01

    Supply of fresh water on sustainable basis to all inhabitants is the national responsibility. As a part of national programme to improve quality of life in our society, Desalination Division, BARC has undertaken a project on construction of barge mounted mobile desalination unit of capacity 50 m 3 /d under the domain of health care. The plant is capable of producing safe drinking water at any site and condition where potable water is limited from water sources as lakes and dams, spring, river, bores, estuaries, and open sea. The unit is also capable of purifying nuclear, biological and chemical contaminated water source namely arsenic, fluoride and nitrate. However, the main objective of this prototype mobile unit is to derive potable water from sea water. The barge mounted desalination plant could be useful to the people on shore, in areas like Rann of Kutch or coastal areas which had been affected by natural calamities like floods or severe drought; in small islands like Lakshadeep and Andaman and Nicobar. This type of mobile unit could also be useful for constructional purposes of plants located adjoining to the shore. The plant encompasses state of art reverse osmosis (RO) technology with membrane based ultrafiltration (UF) pretreatment system along with built-in back wash provision and remineralisation. The system is designed for heavy duty tasks in order to withstand frequent relocation from site to site and in skid patterns for portable transportation via road upon requirement. The conceptual design of the plant is over. The design and constructional aspects of the mobile plant are elaborated in this paper. (author)

  2. Satellite Observations of Tropospheric BrO over Salt Lakes and Northern High Latitudes from EOS/OMI and SNPP/OMPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurosu, T. P.; Stutz, J.; Brockway, N.; Saiz-Lopez, A.; Suleiman, R. M.; Natraj, V.; Jaross, G.; Seftor, C. J.

    2017-12-01

    We present observations of tropospheric bromine monoxide (BrO) derived from two satellite instruments: the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on EOS-Aura, and the Nadir Mapper component of the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS) on Suomi/NPP. BrO observations from OMPS constitute a new and experimental measurement that we first report on here and compare with the standard BrO data product from OMI. BrO is a halogen oxide present mostly in the lower stratosphere, where it catalytically destroys ozone with about 25 times the efficiency of ClO. BrO also has a tropospheric component, where it is released from sea surfaces, at the interface of ocean water and sea ice in the polar spring, in volcanic plumes, and in the vicinity of salt lakes. Tropospheric BrO has been linked to mercury (Hg) deposition through BrO-induced conversion of gaseous Hg to reactive Hg, which is then deposited on the surface and enters the food chain, ultimately affecting human health. As part of NASA's Aura Science Team, we are developing an OMI Tropospheric BrO data product that provides a unique global data set on BrO spatial and vertical distribution in the troposphere and stratosphere. Information of this kind is currently unavailable from any of the past and present bromine-monitoring instruments. In this presentation, we focus on multi-year time series of BrO released from a range of salt lakes - the Rann of Kutch, Salar de Uyuni, the Aral Sea, and others. We quantify the amount of bromine released from the lakes and investigate the possibility of lake desiccation monitoring based on independent BrO observations. The quality and limits of OMI and OMPS tropospheric BrO observations is investigated by comparison with ground-based MAX-DOAS observations over central Greenland.

  3. "We do as well as we can". The experiences of staff assisting disabled people in community residential homes "Við gerum bara eins og við getum" - Þjónusta við fólk með fjölþættar skerðingar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guðný Jónsdóttir

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Staff supporting young people and adults with complex and severe neurological impairments are the key to their communication, quality of life and participation. This study reports the knowledge and experiences of staff members supporting disabled people living in community residential homes, as well as their perceived needs for information and support. Furthermore, the study aimed to reveal staff´s views on their possibilities to support service users´ wellbeing, participation and quality of life. Participants were twelve experienced staff members. Qualitative methods were used and data were collected through semi-structured interviews. The results of the study reveal that services provided in community residential homes for people with complex and severe impairments are not in line with human rights treaties, including the right to health. Further, it does not mirror the social approach to disability which today is the focus of policy frameworks. The staff were positive toward service users, tried to do their best but lacked resources. Their knowledge of service user´s health-related needs was scarce and little was done to prevent further impairments or increasing health problems. Staff reported lack of human resources, high staff turnover and lack of information, training and support. Recent governmental changes, provide possibilities for revised emphasis in the service provided, on cooperation between different sectors as well as for the development of transdisciplinary services.Aðstoðarfólk á heimilum fólks með fjölþættar skerðingar er mikilvægur hlekkur í lífi þess og lykill að samskiptum, lífsgæðum og þátttöku. Rannsóknin varpar ljósi á sýn þessa starfsfólks á megináherslur í þjónustu við fólk með flóknar stuðningsþarfir og þörf fyrir fræðslu og stuðning í starfi. Ennfremur var leitað eftir skilningi á heilsutengdum þörfum þjónustunotenda og möguleikum til að styðja við velferð

  4. The competitiveness of the Icelandic film industry Samkeppnishæfni íslenska kvikmyndaiðnaðarins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konráð Pálmason

    2011-06-01

    kvikmyndasjóða mun leiða til þess að færri kvikmyndaverk (t.d. kvikmyndir og sjónvarpsþættir verði framleidd og starfsfólki fækki í greininni. Þetta mun draga umtalsvert úr vexti og hamla framþróun atvinnugreinarinnar. Heildartekjur kvikmyndaiðnaðarins af innlendum og erlendum kvikmyndaverkefnum sl. áratug eru áætlaðar um 9 milljarðar króna. Tilgangur rannsóknar höfunda er að greina samkeppnishæfni kvikmyndaiðnaðarins á Íslandi og að hve miklu leyti hún er byggð á klasasamstarfi. Aðferðafræði rannsóknarinnar fólst í eigindlegum opnum viðtölum við lykilstjórnendur í atvinnugreininni. Kvikmyndaiðnaðurinn er að hluta til samkeppnishæfur. Styrkleiki hans er m.a. hversu einfalt og skilvirkt endurgreiðslukerfi ríkisins til kvikmyndaverkefna er í framkvæmd. Aðrir styrkleikar eru stórbrotin náttúra og auðvelt aðgengi að ólíkum tökustöðum. Góðir innviðir, lítið skrifræði og vinnusamt og hæft vinnuafl hafa jákvæð áhrif á samkeppnishæfni atvinnugreinarinnar. Veikleikarnir eru hins vegar að lítil klasamyndun hefur átt sér stað innan greinarinnar, ásamt því að lítil vitund er um samlegðaráhrif sem geta eflt greinina. Heimamarkaðurinn er of lítill og miklar sveiflur í eftirspurn hafa torveldað vöxt greinarinnar. Endurgreiðsluhlutfall ríkisins þarf að hækka úr 20% í 25-30% til að atvinnugreinin geti talist fyllilega samkeppnishæf alþjóðlega. Almenn efnahagsskilyrði hafa dregið úr samkeppnishæfni atvinnugreinarinnar, s.s. óstöðugur gjaldmiðill og gjaldeyrishöft þó lægra gengi hafi styrkt hana. Niðurstöður rannsóknarinnar hafa hagnýtt gildi bæði fyrir atvinnugreinina og stjórnvöld.

  5. A Review of the Current Situation of Gender Diverse Corporate Boards and the Impact of More Diversity Yfirlit um stöðu og áhrif jafnari kynjahlutfalla við stjórnun og í stjórnum fyrirtækja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jón Snorri Snorrason

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper gives an overview over the number of women serving on corporate boards both in Iceland and abroad. Women hold only around 20% of boards seats and similar number of women is in top managements. It will analyse the development and find plausible explanations of the present situation and introduce recent research papers in this field and explore the impact of more diversity and on firm performance. Are more gender diverse boards likely to perform better then firms lacking the diversity? Will diversity and increased number of women on boards have positive influence on the number of women in top management positions in the same firms? The evidence in the research papers is inconclusive of the effects of gender diversity on firm performance, but better performing firms tend to have more women on the board. We will see positive relation between corporate and board size and the representation of women the boards but find the inverse relation in Iceland. The requirements by law that a minimum fraction of the firm´s board members to be of a certain gender will call for a dramatic improvement on the current situation. Finally we explore the possibilities in the ways firms will increase the number of women on boards to meet the mandating gender diversity before the deadline set by the regulators.Í þessari yfirlitsgrein er farið yfir stöðu kvenna í stjórnum fyrirtækja, bæði hér á landi og erlendis. Aðeins rúm 20% stjórnarsæta eru skipuð konum og svipað hlutfall er í hópi æðstu stjórnenda. Farið verður yfir þróun þessara mála og reynt að leita skýringa á stöðunni og hvernig hún getur breyst. Kynntar verða helstu rannsóknir sem hafa kannað hver áhrifin eru af fjölgun kvenna í stjórnum fyrirtækja. Ýmsum spurningum er velt upp, svo sem hvort fjölbreyttar stjórnir séu líklegri til að skila meiri rekstrarárangri, hvort stjórnhættir breytist með fjölbreytni og loks hvort fjölgun kvenna í stj

  6. Perspectives and reflections on integrated digestive surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modlin, Irvin M; Kidd, Mark; Lye, Kevin

    2002-12-01

    The history of the integration of surgery is both extensive and complex involving internecine machinations that have, over time, variously encompassed the alchemical, religious, technological and biological phases of societal development. Thus, the discipline has evolved from a mystic rite through a guild phase to its current eristic status as a therapeutic modality considered by some as an art form as opposed to a quasi-scientific endeavour of often unpredictable beneficial effect. This brief prolepsis provides an exposition of the evolution of surgeons and surgical thought proceeding from Galen in 3rd century Rome through Paré of Renaissance France, Billroth of fin de siècle Vienna, to Kocher and Whipple of Bern and New York respectively. It is apparent that in surgery, ontogeny may not readily recapitulate phylogeny and thus the need for a contemporary revaluation of integration within a novel educational nexus that encompasses the burgeoning matrix of biotechnological, ethical and fiduciary revolution is a critical requirement. Such an exercise must embody contemporary scientific and educational advance with evolving societal goals that include ethical variances, fiduciary issues and alterations in individual perceptions of life quality at both the medical and personal level. An incorporation of the basic tenets of digestive surgery as well as a delineation of its potential direction is both a vital and necessary exercise to ensure the attainment of appropriate future goals of medical, ethical, societal, scientific and educational validity. Current medical and surgical training programmes and the sub-specialization system are archaic, cumbersome, cost ineffective and, for the most part, represent endless computations and permutations of intellectually antiquated and stultifying processes designed more than a hundred years ago. As such, the maieutic skills as well as the clinical vista available for the delivery of visceral disease care bear little relation to

  7. Prémisses indéniables, mais dialogue de sourds quand même : la liberté d’expression au prisme d’une votation helvétique (initiative « muselière » When Indisputable Premises result in a Dialogue of the Deaf: the Case of the Swiss Public “Muzzle Initiative”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Herman

    2010-04-01

    weeks preceding a vote in order to prevent it from using its authority upon the voters. This infringement on the freedom of speech in the name of a so-called liberty of choice and judgment led to a political battle in the media. The eristic rhetoric practiced at this occasion relied on stigmatization of the opponent, a battle over key definitions and a disagreement about the nature of the problems, confirming Angenot’s hypothesis of a dialogue of the deaf. Rather than exchanging arguments, the two sides fought over questions of borders, lexicon and legitimacy.

  8. Prioritization Risk Integration Simulation Model (PRISM) For Environmental Remediation and Waste Management - 12097

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pentz, David L.; Stoll, Ralph H.; Greeves, John T. [Predicus LLC, Issaquah, WA 98027 (United States); Miller, R. Ian [GoldSim Technology Group, LLC, Issaquah, WA 98027 (United States); Nutt, W. Mark [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

    2012-07-01

    The PRISM (Prioritization Risk Integration Simulation Model), a computer model was developed to support the Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) in its mission to clean up the environmental legacy from the Nation's nuclear weapons materials production complex. PRISM provides a comprehensive, fully integrated planning tool that can tie together DOE-EM's projects. It is designed to help DOE managers develop sound, risk-informed business practices and defend program decisions. It provides a better ability to understand and manage programmatic risks. The underlying concept for PRISM is that DOE-EM 'owns' a portfolio of environmental legacy obligations (ELOs), and that its mission is to transform the ELOs from their current conditions to acceptable conditions, in the most effective way possible. There are many types of ELOs - - contaminated soils and groundwater plumes, disused facilities awaiting D and D, and various types of wastes waiting for processing or disposal. For a given suite of planned activities, PRISM simulates the outcomes as they play out over time, allowing for all key identified uncertainties and risk factors. Each contaminated building, land area and waste stream is tracked from cradle to grave, and all of the linkages affecting different waste streams are captured. The progression of the activities is fully dynamic, reflecting DOE-EM's prioritization approaches, precedence requirements, available funding, and the consequences of risks and uncertainties. The top level of PRISM is the end-user interface that allows rapid evaluation of alternative scenarios and viewing the results in a variety of useful ways. PRISM is a fully probabilistic model, allowing the user to specify uncertainties in input data (such as the magnitude of an existing groundwater plume, or the total cost to complete a planned activity) as well as specific risk events that might occur. PRISM is based on the GoldSim software

  9. The Impact of a Pan-regional Inclusive Trauma System on Quality of Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Elaine; Lecky, Fiona; West, Anita; Smith, Neil; Brohi, Karim; Davenport, Ross

    2016-07-01

    To evaluate the impact of the implementation of an inclusive pan-regional trauma system on quality of care. Inclusive trauma systems ensure access to quality injury care for a designated population. The 2007 National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD) found quality deficits for 60% of severely injured patients. In 2010, London implemented an inclusive trauma system. This represented an opportunity to evaluate the impact of a pan-regional trauma system on quality of care. Evaluation of the London Trauma System (ELoTS) utilized the NCEPOD study core methodology. Severely injured patients were identified prospectively over a 3-month period. Data were collected from prehospital care to 72 h following admission or death. Quality, processes of care, and outcome were assessed by expert review using NCEPOD criteria. Three hundred and twenty one severely injured patients were included of which 84% were taken directly to a major trauma center, in contrast to 16% in NCEPOD. Overall quality improved with the proportion of patients receiving "good overall care" increasing significantly [NCEPOD: 48% vs ALL-ELoTS: 69%, RR 1.3 (1.2 to 1.4), P < 0.01], primarily through improvements in organizational processes rather than clinical care. Improved quality was associated with increased early survival, with the greatest benefit for critically injured patients [NCEPOD: 31% vs All-ELoTS 11%, RR 0.37 (0.33 to 0.99), P = 0.04]. Inclusive trauma systems deliver quality and process improvements, primarily through organizational change. Most improvements were seen in major trauma centers; however, systems implementation did not automatically lead to a reduction in clinical deficits in care.

  10. Extreme events in total ozone over Arosa – Part 1: Application of extreme value theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. E. Rieder

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study ideas from extreme value theory are for the first time applied in the field of stratospheric ozone research, because statistical analysis showed that previously used concepts assuming a Gaussian distribution (e.g. fixed deviations from mean values of total ozone data do not adequately address the structure of the extremes. We show that statistical extreme value methods are appropriate to identify ozone extremes and to describe the tails of the Arosa (Switzerland total ozone time series. In order to accommodate the seasonal cycle in total ozone, a daily moving threshold was determined and used, with tools from extreme value theory, to analyse the frequency of days with extreme low (termed ELOs and high (termed EHOs total ozone at Arosa. The analysis shows that the Generalized Pareto Distribution (GPD provides an appropriate model for the frequency distribution of total ozone above or below a mathematically well-defined threshold, thus providing a statistical description of ELOs and EHOs. The results show an increase in ELOs and a decrease in EHOs during the last decades. The fitted model represents the tails of the total ozone data set with high accuracy over the entire range (including absolute monthly minima and maxima, and enables a precise computation of the frequency distribution of ozone mini-holes (using constant thresholds. Analyzing the tails instead of a small fraction of days below constant thresholds provides deeper insight into the time series properties. Fingerprints of dynamical (e.g. ENSO, NAO and chemical features (e.g. strong polar vortex ozone loss, and major volcanic eruptions, can be identified in the observed frequency of extreme events throughout the time series. Overall the new approach to analysis of extremes provides more information on time series properties and variability than previous approaches that use only monthly averages and/or mini-holes and mini-highs.

  11. Factores de riesgo de caídas en ancianos: revisión sistemática

    OpenAIRE

    Gama,Zenewton André da Silva; Gómez-Conesa,Antonia

    2008-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Sistematizar los hallazgos de los estudios de cohorte prospectivos sobre los múltiples factores de riesgo de caídas en ancianos y valorar la calidad metodológica de los mismos. MÉTODOS: Revisión sistemática de estudios epidemiológicos en las bases de datos Medline, SciELO y Lilacs. Fueron incluidos estudios con número de sujetos >100, con edad >64 años, de ambos sexos, residentes en la comunidad o en instituciones para ancianos. RESULTADOS: De 726 publicaciones encontradas, 15 estud...

  12. Revisión sistemática de intervenciones comunitarias sobre actividad física en grupos específicos.

    OpenAIRE

    Gladys Espinosa; John Duperly; Gustavo Alonso Cabrera; Olga Lucía Gómez

    2009-01-01

    Objetivo. Documentar el desarrollo de intervenciones comunitarias dirigidas a promocionar la actividad física en grupos específicos. Materiales y métodos.Se realizó una revisión sistemática de intervenciones comunitarias para promocionar la actividad física en grupos específicos. Se revisaron las experiencias publicadas en artículos científicos desde enero de 1990 en las bases Lilacs, PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library on Line (SciELO). Resultados. De 30 intervenciones identificadas en la ...

  13. Anesthesia-related mortality in pediatric patients: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez, Leopoldo Palheta; Pignaton, Wangles; Kusano, Priscila Sayuri; Módolo, Norma Sueli Pinheiro; Braz, José Reinaldo Cerqueira; Braz, Leandro Gobbo

    2012-01-01

    This systematic review of the Brazilian and worldwide literature aimed to evaluate the incidence and causes of perioperative and anesthesia-related mortality in pediatric patients. Studies were identified by searching EMBASE (1951-2011), PubMed (1966-2011), LILACS (1986-2011), and SciElo (1995-2011). Each paper was revised to identify the author(s), the data source, the time period, the number of patients, the time of death, and the perioperative and anesthesia-related mortality rates. Twenty...

  14. Efectividad de las actividades enfermeras en la prevención de caídas en el anciano no hospitalizado

    OpenAIRE

    González López, Judit

    2016-01-01

    Objetivo: Identificar las actividades de la intervención NIC “prevención de caídas” en el adulto mayor de 65 años no hospitalizado para evitar las mismas. Método: Se revisaron estudios publicados en los últimos diez años que analizaban los factores de riesgo en las caídas así como la eficacia de las actividades para su prevención. Las bases de datos consultadas fueron Pubmed, SciELO, Cochrane plus y LILACS. Resultados: De 168 publicaciones se seleccionaron 24 que cumplían los c...

  15. Analiza rizika i sustav osiguranja sigurnosti hrane u proizvodnji polutrajnih kobasica

    OpenAIRE

    Uršulin-Trstenjak, Natalija; Vahčić, Nada; Medić, Helga; Vidaček, Sanja; Šabić, Srđan

    2010-01-01

    Mesnoj industriji cilj je proizvodnja sigurnih i kvalitetnih proizvoda uz optimalno korištenje svojih sveukupnih resursa. Stoga su po- duzete sve mjere u osiguranju sigurnosti proizvoda, te se započelo s primjenom analize rizika i nadzora nad kritičnim kontrolnim točkama kako bi se sustavno analizirali svi koraci proizvodnog procesa i uvele prevencijske mjere, u cilju kontrole cjelokupnog proiz- vodnog procesa i stvorila zaštita potrošača s obzirom na prisutnost patogena i potencijal...

  16. Towards a neurobiological understanding of alexithymia

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolás Meza-Concha; Marcelo Arancibia; Felicia Salas; Rosa Behar; Germán Salas; Hernán Silva; Rocío Escobar

    2017-01-01

    Resumen Si bien la literatura especializada sobre la etiología de la alexitimia es controvertida, la investigación neurobiológica sobre el fenómeno ha demostrado importantes avances. El objetivo de esta revisión es analizar la evidencia disponible en relación a las bases neurofisiológicas de la alexitimia. Se realizó una revisión exhaustiva de artículos disponibles en MEDLINE/PubMed, EBSCO y SciELO. Inicialmente, se vinculó a la alexitimia con una conexión cerebral interhemisférica reducid...

  17. O marketing e a criação de valor para o acionista

    OpenAIRE

    Tobias, Márcio

    2010-01-01

    A forma como a teoria de marketing tem tratado a questão da criação de valor para o acionista sob uma perspectiva histórica e contemporânea. Aborda os principais métodos financeiros de apuração de valor ao acionista. Aponta o elo interdisciplinar entre marketing e finanças que possibilita relacionar e identificar a contribuição de marketing para a criação de valor para o acionista.

  18. Preparación y caracterización de filmes epoxi basados en aceite de linaza para aplicación

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Carrera, Marta

    2015-01-01

    En este proyecto se preparan diferentes composiciones de filmes epoxi basados en aceite de linaza químicamente epoxidado (Epoxidized Linseed Oil-ELO) y su posterior curado con dos tipos de endurecedores, una poliaminoamida comercial y una poli(etilenimina) con dos pesos moleculares distintos. El objetivo final es la preparación de una pintura epoxi menos tóxica para el ser humano, sustituyendo parcialmente la molécula de diglicidil éter de bisfenol A (DGEBA), de las formulaciones epoxi, por m...

  19. Divisão de custos e alinhamento estratégico de uma cadeia de suprimentos integrada verticalmente: o caso do frango brasileiro.

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo de Tarso Carletti Filho

    2005-01-01

    A proposta do presente estudo é contribuir na discussão sobre gestão da cadeia de suprimentos em ambientes integrados verticalmente. Diante deste cenário, foi sugerida a investigação da cadeia do frango brasileira para análise das vantagens, das desvantagens, dos fatores a considerar na integração vertical e na indicação de um alinhamento estratégico entre os elos. Para tanto, foi realizado um estudo de caso explanatório cujo método propõe adaptar um modelo de análise de canais de distribui...

  20. O EcoDopplercardiograma na doença hepática crônica: revisão sistemática Echocardiography in chronic liver disease: systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Gomes Mota

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: O ecoDopplecardiograma (Eco tem-se firmado como método não invasivo de excelente acurácia no rastreio de hipertensão portopulmonar (HPP e pesquisa dos shunts intrapulmonares (SIP na doença hepática crônica (DHC. Nesta última década, concretizou-se o Eco como de fundamental importância no diagnóstico da cardiomiopatia cirrótica (CMC. OBJETIVO: Realizar uma revisão sistemática envolvendo artigos relevantes sobre a temática: o Eco na DHC. MÉTODOS: Em novembro de 2011, realizou-se uma revisão sistemática a partir das bases de dados da Pubmed, LILACS e SciELO, sendo relatadas as características dos estudos selecionados. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 204 artigos a partir da busca de descritores e um termo livre, sendo 179 da Pubmed, 21 da LILACS e 01 da SciELO. Destes, foram selecionados 22 artigos para revisão sistemática, não sendo possível, pois, fazer uma meta-análise devido à heterogeneidade dos mesmos. CONCLUSÃO: O Eco deve fazer parte da estratificação da DHC para o rastreio de HPP, SIP e da CMC, já que a maioria das vezes, o diagnóstico dessas complicações ocorre nos pacientes na fila de transplante hepático.BACKGROUND: Doppler echocardiography (Echo is a non-invasive method of excellent accuracy to screen portopulmonary hypertension (PPH and to assess intrapulmonary shunts (IPS in chronic liver disease (CLD. In the past decade, Echo proved to play a fundamental role in the diagnosis of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of relevant articles on the subject 'Echo in CLD'. METHODS: In November 2011, a systematic review was performed in the PubMed, LILACS and SciELO databases, and the characteristics of the studies selected were reported. RESULTS: The search based on descriptors and free terms obtained 204 articles (179 in Pubmed, 21 in LILACS, and 1 in SciELO. Of those 204 articles, 22 were selected for systematic review. A meta-analysis could not be performed

  1. Chess players' fame versus their merit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simkin, M V; Roychowdhury, V P

    2015-12-12

    We investigate a pool of international chess title holders born between 1901 and 1943. Using Elo ratings, we compute for every player his expected score in a game with a randomly selected player from the pool. We use this figure as the player's merit. We measure players' fame as the number of Google hits. The correlation between fame and merit is 0.38. At the same time, the correlation between the logarithm of fame and merit is 0.61. This suggests that fame grows exponentially with merit.

  2. Efeitos da asma no estado nutricional em crianças: Revisão sistemática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Andrade da Cunha

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Introdução: A asma é uma doença inflamatória crónica de alta prevalência, considerada um problema de saúde pública e constitui-se como uma das causas de baixo peso e atraso do crescimento. Objectivo: O objectivo do presente artigo foi rever na literatura os efeitos da asma no estado nutricional em crianças. Material e métodos: Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática com busca de artigos nas bases PubMed, SciELO e LILACS. Foram excluídos os artigos de revisão, estudos com adultos ou pesquisas que não avaliassem os efeitos da asma em crianças. Foram incluídos artigos originais em humanos. Resultados: Na revisão sistemática da literatura foram encontrados 839 na base MEDLINE (1997-2008, 62 artigos na base MEDLINE (1966-1996, 47 no LILACS e 16 no SciELO - Brasil, totalizando 964 artigos. Destes, foram seleccionados 17 artigos. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a evidência de que a asma interfere no estado nutricional não pode ser comprovada neste estudo. Abstract: Introduction: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of high prevalence, considered a public health problem and is thought to be one cause of low birth weight and growth retardation. Purpose: The purpose of this article was to review in literature the effects of asthma on the nutritional status in children. Material and methods: A systematic review was made by searching for articles in PubMed, SciELO and LILACS databases. Review articles, studies with adults or research that did not evaluate the effects of asthma in children were excluded. Hence original articles in humans were included. Results: In the systematic review we found 901 articles in MEDLINE (1966-1996, 47 in LILACS and SciELO in the 16 - Brazil, totaling 964 articles. Of these, 17 articles were selected. Conclusion: Evidence that asthma interferes in nutritional status can not be proven in this study. Palavras-chaves: Asma, estado nutricional, criança, Key

  3. Efeitos da asma no estado nutricional em crianças: Revisão sistemática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Andrade da Cunha

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Introdução: A asma é uma doença inflamatória crónica de alta prevalência, considerada um problema de saúde pública e constitui-se como uma das causas de baixo peso e atraso do crescimento. Objectivo: O objectivo do presente artigo foi rever na literatura os efeitos da asma no estado nutricional em crianças. Material e métodos: Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática com busca de artigos nas bases PubMed, SciELO e LILACS. Foram excluídos os artigos de revisão, estudos com adultos ou pesquisas que não avaliassem os efeitos da asma em crianças. Foram incluídos artigos originais em humanos. Resultados: Na revisão sistemática da literatura foram encontrados 839 na base MEDLINE (1997-2008, 62 artigos na base MEDLINE (1966-1996, 47 no LILACS e 16 no SciELO Brasil, totalizando 964 artigos. Destes, foram seleccionados 17 artigos. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a evidência de que a asma interfere no estado nutricional não pode ser comprovada neste estudo.Rev Port Pneumol 2010; XVI (4: 617-626 Abstract: Introduction: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of high prevalence, considered a public health problem and is thought to be one cause of low birth weight and growth retardation. Purpose: The purpose of this article was to review in literature the effects of asthma on the nutritional status in children. Material and methods: A systematic review was made by searching for articles in PubMed, SciELO and LILACS databases. Review articles, studies with adults or research that did not evaluate the effects of asthma in children were excluded. Hence original articles in humans were included. Results: In the systematic review we found 901 articles in MEDLINE (1966-1996, 47 in LILACS and SciELO in the 16 Brazil, totaling 964 articles. Of these, 17 articles were selected. Conclusion: Evidence that asthma interferes in nutritional status can not be proven in this study.Rev Port Pneumol 2010

  4. Vacuum-assisted drainage in cardiopulmonary bypass: advantages and disadvantages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho Filho, Elio Barreto de; Marson, Fernando Augusto de Lima; Costa, Loredana Nilkenes Gomes da; Antunes, Nilson

    2014-01-01

    Systematic review of vacuum assisted drainage in cardiopulmonary bypass, demonstrating its advantages and disadvantages, by case reports and evidence about its effects on microcirculation. We conducted a systematic search on the period 1997-2012, in the databases PubMed, Medline, Lilacs and SciELO. Of the 70 selected articles, 26 were included in the review. Although the vacuum assisted drainage has significant potential for complications and requires appropriate technology and professionalism, prevailed in literature reviewed the concept that vacuum assisted drainage contributed in reducing the rate of transfusions, hemodilutions, better operative field, no significant increase in hemolysis, reduced complications surgical, use of lower prime and of smaller diameter cannulas.

  5. [Nursing care to the client with hypertension: a bibliographic review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moura, Denizielle de Jesus Moreira; Bezerra, Sara Taciana Firmino; Moreira, Thereza Maria Magalhães; Fialho, Ana Virgínia de Melo

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the nursing care practices to the client with hypertension in the scientific production in the last ten years. It was carried out a bibliographic study, using in the BIREME, the LILACS, SciELO and BDENF's data basis, selecting thirty articles. The results were exposed in charts, tables and graphics, where prevails, in the literature analyzed, the nursing consultation as the more used practice, through the nursing attendance systematization and the Health Education with individual approaches, besides the realization of home visits with family approach. One believes that the systematization of nursing care will contribute in an expressive manner to the adhesion to the antihypertensive treatment.

  6. Desenho e análise da cadeia produtiva dos vinhos da serra gaúcha

    OpenAIRE

    Sinval Oliveira Souza

    2001-01-01

    O estudo teve por objetivo analisar de forma crítica a cadeia produtiva dos vinhos finos do Estado do Rio Grande Sul, bem como desenhar, descrever e identificar seus principais pontos fortes e fracos e as inter-relações entre os elos. da referida cadeia. Para o atingimento dos objetivos propostos o presente trabalho foi realizado em duas etapas. Inicialmente foi realizado um estudo exploratório com proprietários e executivos de empresas do setor. Esta etapa subsidiou a pesquisa descritiva a q...

  7. Grupo terapêutico em fonoaudiologia: revisão de literatura Therapeutic Group in Speech Language and Hearing Sciences: literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Vanessa Veis Ribeiro; Ivone Panhoca; Ana Paula Dassie-Leite; Maria Fernanda Bagarollo

    2012-01-01

    TEMA: grupo terapêutico fonoaudiológico. OBJETIVO: revisar, de maneira sistemática, pesquisas advindas de todas as áreas da Fonoaudiologia que envolveram abordagens grupais, na realidade brasileira. Foi realizada busca nos bancos de dados das bases SciELO e LILACS no período de 2005 a 2010. Foram selecionados os estudos cujos conteúdos dos resumos relacionavam-se com o objetivo da presente pesquisa. Como forma de categorização dos dados, optou-se pela análise dos seguintes aspectos: público-a...

  8. Geodireito no Vale do Javari: a percepção contemporânea de espaço, lugar, tempo e experiência na visão pragmático-jurídica

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Pinto Fraxe, Jaiza

    2005-01-01

    A presente dissertação de Mestrado se destina a estudar o Geodireito, ramo do conhecimento jurídico que, na perspectiva multidisciplinar de entrelaçamento da Geografia ao Direito, tem por objetivo melhor interpretar os fenômenos decorrentes do elo que existe entre o homem e a terra, de maneira a oferecer soluções viáveis no sistema jurídico para os conflitos daí decorrentes. O ponto de partida para a pesquisa é o espaço do Vale do rio Javari, localizado no extremo ocidente d...

  9. Burnout syndrome in nursing professionals from urgency and emergency services

    OpenAIRE

    Portela, Nytale Lindsay Cardoso; Pedrosa, Aliny de Oliveira; Cunha, Juliane Danielly Santos; Monte, Luma Ravena Soares; Gomes, Raimundo Nonato Silva; Lago, Eliana Campêlo

    2015-01-01

    Objetivo: Analisar como os estudos científicos descrevem a síndrome de Burnout em profissionais de enfermagem de serviços de urgência e emergência. Métodos: Revisão integrativa de literatura realizada através das bases de dados BDENF, IBECS, LILACS, MEDLINE e SciELO, por meio dos descritores: esgotamento profissional and enfermagem. Das 3087 publicações selecionadas pelos descritores, apenas 11 artigos atenderam os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Resultados: Dentre os artigos selecionados, ...

  10. 12. VI avati Pärnu uue kunsti muuseumis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    XII aktinäitus "Mees ja naine" alapealkirjaga "Vesi. Iha. Armastus". Väljas on Amandus Adamsoni 150. sünniaastapäeva puhul tema kaks teost. Konkursilt valis žürii Elo Liivi, Hannes Starkopfi, Ellen Kolgi, Ilme ja Riho Kulla kavandid, mille järgi skulptorid teevad sügiseks Carrara marmorist kujud. Vaadata on Hille Palmi ja Ellen Kolgi marmortööd, Raili Ilmsalu diplomitöö "Eva", Boaz Tali aktifotod, Mark Sadani Eeva-tõlgendused, Daniel de Chenu ja Elina Brotheruse videod, Ken Wardropi lühifilm "Undressing My Mother", Edward Lucie-Smithi fotod

  11. A transferência de risco de crédito em cadeias de suprimentos

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge, Ricardo Reolon

    2010-01-01

    Este estudo teve com objetivo verificar a potencial transmissão de riscos de crédito entre empresas de uma mesma cadeia de suprimentos, o tempo em que ocorre a máxima transmissão e sua magnitude. As análises foram realizadas em cadeias de suprimentos conhecidas pela academia como cadeias enxutas e cadeias ágeis, limitando-se aos dois elos principais das cadeias selecionadas – comércio e indústria. Os resultados mostraram que a transmissão de risco de crédito é observável na maioria dos casos,...

  12. Atividade física na criança com diabetes tipo 1

    OpenAIRE

    Miculis,Cristiane P.; Mascarenhas,Luis P.; Boguszewski,Margaret C. S.; Campos,Wagner de

    2010-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Abordar os aspectos práticos da realização segura de atividade física e esportes em crianças e adolescentes portadores de diabetes tipo 1. FONTES DOS DADOS: A pesquisa dos artigos foi conduzida em fontes de dados nacionais (SciELO) e internacionais (PubMed/MEDLINE), assim como nas próprias referências dos artigos encontrados, adotando como limites: artigos publicados nos últimos 10 anos, preferencialmente conduzidos em crianças e adolescentes com diabetes tipo 1, sendo em sua maiori...

  13. Potencial evocado miogênico vestibular ocular: revisão de literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Silva,Tatiana Rocha; Resende,Luciana Macedo de; Santos,Marco Aurélio Rocha

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO Objetivo Identificar e sistematizar os principais estudos sobre o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular ocular e suas aplicações no diagnóstico das diversas doenças vestibulares. Estratégia de pesquisa Foram localizados artigos que descrevem a utilização do potencial evocado miogênico vestibular ocular na avaliação de doenças vestibulares nas bases PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, LILACS e SciELO. Critérios de seleção Foram incluídos estudos originais, com resumo disponí...

  14. Negativen vpliv konkurence na dejavnost zasebnega varovanja v Republiki Sloveniji

    OpenAIRE

    Kolar, Mojca

    2018-01-01

    Po osamosvojitvi Slovenije se je na slovenskem trgu začela intenzivno razvijati tudi dejavnost zasebnega varovanja in število varnostnih služb je začelo strmo naraščati. Močna konkurenca med njimi je z leti prinesla v dejavnost varovanja veliko negativnih posledic. Ena izmed teh so tudi plače varnostnega osebja, ki so danes daleč pod slovenskim povprečjem. Toda za sistemom plač zaposlenih stoji plačni sistem storitev na trgu varovanja. Magistrska naloga obravnava problematiko neobičajno ...

  15. Surgical treatment of cleft lip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateus Domingues Miachon

    Full Text Available We performed a systematic review of the literature on the surgical treatment of cleft lip, emphasizing the prevalence, complications associated with the treatment and the points of disagreement between authors. We conducted a literature cross-sectional search that analyzed publications in books, articles and on the databases SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online, PubMed, of the National Center for Biotechnology Information. We conclude that: 1 the severity of the cleft will indicate the technique presenting more advantages; 2 the different approaches indicate that there is no consensus on the optimal technique; and 3 the surgeon experience contributes to choosing the best option.

  16. Editorial of the 30th issue of Ambiente & Agua journal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Getulio Teixeira Batista

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This editorial discusses the Ambiente & Agua journal’s efforts to adjust to new criteria in order to remain in the SciELO Brazil collection. Special emphasis is given to efforts intended to meet the anticipated levels of internationalization, professionalization, and sustainable funding models in order to maintain the journal’s high quality and increasing impact. The Editorial Board identified the need to raise publication fees beginning on July 15, 2015. However, since we have a hybrid approach that includes public support and publication fees to cover article processing charges (APC, the new rates will be much lower than the average international APC.

  17. Operações motivadoras condicionadas transitivas em atletas de alto rendimento : da replicação ao conceito

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo, Luiz Eduardo de

    2013-01-01

    O presente estudo investigou o efeito das operações motivadoras condicionadas transitivas sobre a primeira resposta de uma cadeia comportamental de dois elos em uma tarefa de computador com participantes atletas de alto rendimento. Na cadeia comportamental, o comportamento de pressionar a tecla vermelha sob um esquema de razão variável 14, produzia a apresentação de 5 segundos do reforçador condicionado maçã, na presença do qual, pressionar a tecla azul resultava em 1 ponto verde trocável pel...

  18. Efeitos da asma no estado nutricional em crianças: Revisão sistemática Effects of asthma in nutritional status in children: A systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Andrade da Cunha

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A asma é uma doença inflamatória crónica de alta prevalência, considerada um problema de saúde pública e constitui-se como uma das causas de baixo peso e atraso do crescimento. Objectivo: O objectivo do presente artigo foi rever na literatura os efeitos da asma no estado nutricional em crianças. Material e métodos: Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática com busca de artigos nas bases PubMed, SciELO e LILACS. Foram excluídos os artigos de revisão, estudos com adultos ou pesquisas que não avaliassem os efeitos da asma em crianças. Foram incluídos artigos originais em humanos. Resultados: Na revisão sistemática da literatura foram encontrados 839 na base MEDLINE (1997-2008, 62 artigos na base MEDLINE (1966-1996, 47 no LILACS e 16 no SciELO - Brasil, totalizando 964 artigos. Destes, foram seleccionados 17 artigos. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a evidência de que a asma interfere no estado nutricional não pode ser comprovada neste estudo.Introduction: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of high prevalence, considered a public health problem and is thought to be one cause of low birth weight and growth retardation. Purpose: The purpose of this article was to review in literature the effects of asthma on the nutritional status in children. Material and methods: A systematic review was made by searching for articles in PubMed, SciELO and LILACS databases. Review articles, studies with adults or research that did not evaluate the effects of asthma in children were excluded. Hence original articles in humans were included. Results: In the systematic review we found 901 articles in MEDLINE (1966-1996, 47 in LILACS and SciELO in the 16 - Brazil, totaling 964 articles. Of these, 17 articles were selected. Conclusion: Evidence that asthma interferes in nutritional status can not be proven in this study.

  19. Transtorno de ansiedade na infância como preditor de psicopatologia em adultos

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Débora Hexsel; Heldt, Elizeth Paz da Silva

    2009-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma revisão sistemática sobre os transtornos de ansiedade na infância como fatores de risco para psicopatologias na idade adulta. Para isso, foram utilizadas as bases de dados SciELO, LILACS, Adolec e PubMed, com busca de estudos publicados nos últimos 10 anos. Dez artigos preencheram plenamente os critérios de inclusão para o aceite final. Todos os trabalhos sustentam a idéia de que os transtornos de ansiedade na infância são preditores e podem atuar co...

  20. Eficácia do Nintendo Wii em desfechos funcionais e de saúde de indivíduos com doença de Parkinson: uma revisão sistemática

    OpenAIRE

    Braz, Nayara Felicidade Tomaz; Dutra, Letícia Rocha; Medeiros, Paulo Eduardo Souza; Scianni, Aline Alvim; Faria, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais

    2018-01-01

    RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar sistematicamente a literatura sobre a eficácia do Nintendo Wii na melhora de desfechos funcionais e de saúde de indivíduos com doença de Parkinson. A revisão foi desenvolvida seguindo o PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses), com buscas nas bases de dados MEDLINE, SciELO, LILACS e PEDro mediante estratégia de busca composta pela combinação dos termos “Wii”, “Doença de Parkinson”, “reabilitação” e “fisioterapia”, s...

  1. Suicídio entre Médicos e Estudantes de Medicina: Revisão de Literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Santa, Nathália Della; Cantilino, Amaury

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO Objetivos O presente estudo tem como objetivo construir uma revisão integrativa de literatura sobre o suicídio em médicos e estudantes de Medicina com base em uma análise de artigos científicos sobre o tema. Métodos Foi realizada uma pesquisa nos bancos de dados PubMed, Lilacs e SciELO com os descritores “suicide”, “physicians”, “doctors” e “students” entre os anos de 2000 e 2014 em língua inglesa, alemã, portuguesa e espanhola. Resultados Os resultados indicaram que as taxas de ...

  2. Caminhos do desconhecido: busca da compreensão do conceito de dignidade humana pelas assistentes sociais em Lisboa

    OpenAIRE

    Bittencourt, Moema Bragança

    2016-01-01

    A presente dissertação propõe-se perceber como as assistentes sociais em Lisboa conceituam a dignidade humana. Tendo como referencial teórico o conceito de dignidade humana de Sarlet (2011), que o apresenta como uma qualidade intrínseca ao ser humano mas que também necessita de um rol de direitos fundamentais que garantam condições concretas para sua vivência e exercício pelos indivíduos em sociedade. Partindo-se de uma análise histórica do conceito de homem, da humanidade como elo comum dos ...

  3. Child adjustment to separation or divorce of parents

    OpenAIRE

    Raposo, Hélder Silva; Figueiredo, Bárbara; Lamela, Diogo; Costa, Rui Alexandre Nunes; Castro, Maria; Prego, Joana

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO: O presente artigo procura relacionar e analisar evidências empíricas e teóricas sobre o impacto e os fatores associados ao impacto da separação ou divórcio dos pais no ajustamento da criança. MÉTODO: Realizou-se uma revisão agregativa da literatura, recorrendo às palavras-chave "divorce adjustment", "child divorce" e "divorce impact", nas bases de dados JSTOR, PsycInfo, SciELO e Medline e em livros da especialidade. RESULTADOS: Respostas adaptativas e desadaptativas da criança são d...

  4. Dimensões competitivas na estratégia de produção e distribuição das agroindústrias exportadoras de suco de laranja de Sergipe

    OpenAIRE

    Morgan Yuri Oliveira Teles Machado

    2005-01-01

    Mas, apesar da estratégia das empresas aqui estudadas estarem em harmonia com o ambiente, as mesmas necessitam dar uma maior atenção aos produtores de laranja, estreitando mais as relações com os mesmos, visto que, é neste elo o grande problema na industrialização da laranja para o suco. Com a internacionalização dos mercados, o sucesso de uma empresa, principalmente no agronegócio, depende cada vez mais da inter-relação entre fornecedores, produtores de matéria-prima, processadores e distrib...

  5. EL TRABAJO DEL PROFESIONAL DE ENFERMERÍA: REVISIÓN DE LA LITERATURA

    OpenAIRE

    Següel Palma, Fredy; Valenzuela Süazo, Sandra; Sanhueza Alvarado, Olivia

    2015-01-01

    Objetivo: El objetivo de esta revisión de la literatura es analizar las características del "trabajo" en enfermería, inmersa en el mundo globalizado de la época contemporánea, de acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos en diferentes publicaciones que se refieren al tema. Material y método: Revisión bibliográfica desde los años 2000 al 2010 en bases de datos informatizadas: Web of Science, MEDLINE, PubMed SciELO, LILACS, BIREME y CUIDEN, de artículos a texto completo que presentaron en el título lo...

  6. Unidades de hemodinâmica: a produção do conhecimento Unidad de hemodinamia: la producción del conocimientos Unit of hemodynamics: the production of the knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Graciele Fernanda da Costa Linch; Laura de Azevedo Guido; Luiza de Oliveira Pitthan; Juliane Umann

    2009-01-01

    Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura com o objetivo de investigar o que se tem publicado sobre enfermagem em hemodinâmica nas bases de dados: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), e Base de Dados em Enfermagem (BDENF); com os descritores: Enfermagem/Hemodinâmica e Nursing/Hemodynamics. Os dados indicam que os estudos em sua maioria for...

  7. Indicadores bibliométricos sobre revistas: más allá de los índices de citas

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez-Yunta, Luis

    2014-01-01

    [ES] Habitualmente, los estudios bibliométricos sobre revistas científicas se basan de forma casi exclusiva en los datos que aportan los denominados índices de citas, particularmente Web of Science y su competidor Scopus. Además, existen algunos índices de citas en disciplinas concretas y nuevos productos como las hemerotecas digitales SciELO y Redalyc, proyectos de carácter nacional desarrollados en España, e incluso el surgimiento de Google Scholar Metrics, que permiten contar con otras fue...

  8. Spolno nadlegovanje v slovenski policiji

    OpenAIRE

    Kmetič, Andreja

    2017-01-01

    V magistrski nalogi, ki je pred nami, obravnavamo spolno nadlegovanje v slovenski policiji. Ker se tematika magistrske naloge osredotoča predvsem na delovanje policije, smo velik del posvetili teoretični razlagi. Pomembno vprašanje nam je predstavljal zgodovinski začetek samega spolnega nadlegovanja, saj nas je zanimalo, kdaj se je o tem sploh začelo govoriti oziroma pisati. S pomočjo različnih avtorjev smo definirali pomen spolnega nadlegovanja in ugotovili, da gre v večini primerov za o...

  9. Stem cells and respiratory diseases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abreu, Soraia Carvalho; Maron-Gutierrez, Tatiana; Garcia, Cristiane Sousa Nascimento Baez; Morales, Marcelo Marcos; Rocco, Patricia Rieken Macedo [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Biofisica Carlos Chagas Filho. Lab. de Investigacao]. E-mail: prmrocco@biof.ufrj.br

    2008-12-15

    Stem cells have a multitude of clinical implications in the lung. This article is a critical review that includes clinical and experimental studies of MedLine and SciElo database in the last 10 years, where we highlight the effects of stem cell therapy in acute respiratory distress syndrome or more chronic disorders such as lung fibrosis and emphysema. Although, many studies have shown the beneficial effects of stem cells in lung development, repair and remodeling; some important questions need to be answered to better understand the mechanisms that control cell division and differentiation, therefore enabling the use of cell therapy in human respiratory diseases. (author)

  10. The Family Health Support Core (NASF And Health Practices: Are There Many Challenges To Be Overcome?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djavan Gomes Leite

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Describe and characterize NASF health practices. Method: It is a review of current literature carried out by consulting the database Lilacs and Virtual Library of SciELO in the period from December 2016 to January 2017. Conclusion: It is concluded that, although the NASF is recognized as a support to the Family Health Strategy (FHS, still does not act in an articulated way, being fundamental that changes take place in the organization of the services and in the conduct of the health professionals who contemplate it. Descriptors: Primary Health Care. Family Health; Public Health Policies. Nursing.

  11. The importance of civilian nursing organizations: integrative literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, James Farley Estevam Dos; Santos, Regina Maria Dos; Costa, Laís de Miranda Crispim; Almeida, Lenira Maria Wanderley Santos de; Macêdo, Amanda Cavalcante de; Santos, Tânia Cristina Franco

    2016-06-01

    to identify and analyze evidence from studies about the importance of civilian nursing organizations. an integrative literature review, for which searches were conducted in the databases LILACS, PubMed/MEDLINE, SciELO, BDENF, and Scopus. sixteen articles published between the years 2004-2013 were selected, 68.75% of which were sourced from Brazilian journals and 31.25% from American journals. civilian nursing organizations are important and necessary, because they have collaborated decisively in nursing struggles in favor of the working class and society in general, and these contributions influence different axes of professional performance.

  12. Patinação de velocidade in-line: uma revisão sistemática

    OpenAIRE

    Piucco, T.; Santos, S.G. dos; Lucas, R.D. de

    2014-01-01

    A patinação de velocidade in-line é uma modalidade que está crescendo nos últimos anos, contudo, ainda é pouco estudada devido a dificuldade de ser reproduzida em laboratório. Neste artigo, foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica sobre o conhecimento, com base em investigações prévias desta modalidade esportiva. As consultas foram realizadas nas bases de dados LILACS, SCOPUS, PubMed, SciELO, Science Direct, Ovid e Google. Foram incluídos apenas estudos com humanos, publicados em inglês, portu...

  13. The SME (Structure-Mapping Engine) User’s Manual (SME Version 2E)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-30

    It is prior to this step that one might want to think about wether to modify any system parameters (e.g., print the match hypotheses, print only the...Wshington, DC 20390 Department of Psychology Carnegie-Mellon University Dr. Judith Orsanu Schenley Park Dr. Harold P. O’Neil, Jr. Basic Research Office...Pinker Baltimore, MD 21201 Department of Psychology ElO-018 Dr. Judith W. Segal MIT Dr. J. Wesley Regian OERI Cambridge, MA 02139 AFHRL/IDI 556 New

  14. Habilidades sociais e tabagismo: uma revisão de literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Viviane Samoel Rodrigues; Jaqueline Garcia da Silva; Margareth da Silva Oliveira

    2011-01-01

    Los fumadores que tienen baja competencia social, situaciones de estrés, baja autoestima y ansiedad tienden a fumar para hacer frente a la vida cotidiana, las presiones y conflictos. Se realizó una revisión de las habilidades sociales (HS) y el tabaquismo a través de búsquedas en Medline, SciELO, Psycinfo y EBSCO entre el período comprendido entre 1998 y 2008. Las palabras clave utilizadas fueron: social skills, social competence, assertiveness, tobacco, cigarette, nicotineanddrug abuse. Se e...

  15. Efeitos da terapia espelho na recuperação motora e funcional do membro superior com paresia pós-AVC: uma revisão sistemática

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Valton da Silva; Silveira, Júlio César Cunha da; Clementino, Tatiana Catarina Albuquerque; Borges, Lorenna Raquel Dantas de Macedo; Melo, Luciana Protásio de

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO Após um acidente vascular cerebral (AVC), o membro superior pode apresentar déficits motores que podem levar a incapacidades funcionais. A terapia espelho (TE) é uma possibilidade terapêutica na reabilitação do membro superior (MS). Este estudo objetivou reunir evidências que pudessem mostrar quais são os efeitos da TE na recuperação motora e funcional do MS com paresia pós-AVC. Foi realizada uma busca eletrônica nas bases de dados SciELO, LILACS, PubMed, PEDro e ScienceDirect, utiliza...

  16. Assessing Measures of Order Flow Toxicity via Perfect Trade Classification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Torben G.; Bondarenko, Oleg

    . The VPIN metric involves decomposing volume into active buys and sells. We use the best-bid-offer (BBO) files from the CME Group to construct (near) perfect trade classification measures for the E-mini S&P 500 futures contract. We investigate the accuracy of the ELO Bulk Volume Classification (BVC) scheme...... systematic classification errors that are correlated with trading volume and return volatility. When controlling for trading intensity and volatility, the BVC-VPIN measure has no incremental predictive power for future volatility. We conclude that VPIN is not suitable for measuring order flow imbalances....

  17. Terapia nutricional no diabetes gestacional

    OpenAIRE

    Padilha,Patricia de Carvalho; Sena,Ana Beatriz; Nogueira,Jamile Lima; Araújo,Roberta Pimenta da Silva; Alves,Priscila Dutra; Accioly,Elizabeth; Saunders,Cláudia

    2010-01-01

    Trata-se de uma revisão da literatura científica sobre a terapia nutricional no Diabetes Mellitus Gestacional, sem restrição de data e com fontes primárias indexadas nas bases de dados SciELO, PubMed, Medline. Os resultados desta revisão apontam a intervenção nutricional como uma importante aliada no controle do Diabetes Mellitus Gestacional, trazendo potenciais benefícios à saúde materno-fetal. Na avaliação do estado nutricional materno devem ser empregados os indicadores antropométricos, di...

  18. Translating staff experience into organisational improvement: the HEADS-UP stepped wedge, cluster controlled, non-randomised trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athanasiou, Thanos; Long, Susannah J; Beveridge, Iain; Sevdalis, Nick

    2017-01-01

    Objectives Frontline insights into care delivery correlate with patients’ clinical outcomes. These outcomes might be improved through near-real time identification and mitigation of staff concerns. We evaluated the effects of a prospective frontline surveillance system on patient and team outcomes. Design Prospective, stepped wedge, non-randomised, cluster controlled trial; prespecified per protocol analysis for high-fidelity intervention delivery. Participants Seven interdisciplinary medical ward teams from two hospitals in the UK. Intervention Prospective clinical team surveillance (PCTS): structured daily interdisciplinary briefings to capture staff concerns, with organisational facilitation and feedback. Main measures The primary outcome was excess length of stay (eLOS): an admission more than 24 hours above the local average for comparable patients. Secondary outcomes included safety and teamwork climates, and incident reporting. Mixed-effects models adjusted for time effects, age, comorbidity, palliation status and ward admissions. Safety and teamwork climates were measured with the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. High-fidelity PCTS delivery comprised high engagement and high briefing frequency. Results Implementation fidelity was variable, both in briefing frequency (median 80% working days/month, IQR 65%–90%) and engagement (median 70 issues/ward/month, IQR 34–113). 1714/6518 (26.3%) intervention admissions had eLOS versus 1279/4927 (26.0%) control admissions, an absolute risk increase of 0.3%. PCTS increased eLOS in the adjusted intention-to-treat model (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.58, p=0.003). Conversely, high-fidelity PCTS reduced eLOS (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.67 to 0.94, p=0.006). High-fidelity PCTS also increased total, high-yield and non-nurse incident reports (incidence rate ratios 1.28–1.79, all p<0.002). Sustained PCTS significantly improved safety and teamwork climates over time. Conclusions This study highlighted the potential benefits and

  19. Cirurgia bariátrica e transtornos alimentares: uma revisão integrativa

    OpenAIRE

    Novelle, Julia M.; Alvarenga, Marle S.

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO Objetivo Realizar revisão sobre transtornos alimentares e comportamentos alimentares transtornados relacionados à cirurgia bariátrica. Métodos Revisão integrativa da literatura nas bases de dados PubMed, Lilacs, Bireme, portal SciELO com descritores indexados com critérios de inclusão: oferecer dado sobre a presença ou frequência de transtorno alimentar e/ou comportamentos alimentares disfuncionais previamente e/ou após a cirurgia. Resultados Foram selecionados 150 estudos (14 na...

  20. ACTUALIZACIÓN EN EL FUNCIONAMIENTO DE LA GLÁNDULA TIROIDES EN EL GATO DOMÉSTICO SEGUNDA PARTE: HIPERTIROIDISMO FELINO

    OpenAIRE

    Osorio, José Henry; Matheus, Stefania

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo. Actualizar conceptos sobre hipertiroidismo felino. Materiales y métodos. Se analizó la literatura disponible de los últimos 50 años en las bases de datos BBCS-LILACS, Fuente Académica, IB-PsycINFO, IB-SSCI, IB-SciELO, Scopus y Scirus, al igual que artículos históricos, textos y referencias citadas en trabajos públicos. Resultados. Se obtuvo información pertinente relacionada con los objetivos propuestos en la presente revisión, por lo cual puede clasificarse en 5 secciones a saber: ...

  1. FUNCIONAMIENTO NORMAL Y AUMENTADO DE LA GLÁNDULA TIROIDES EN EQUINOS

    OpenAIRE

    OSORIO, JÓSE HENRY; RAMÍREZ ECHEVERRY, FELIPE

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo: Describir y analizar el funcionamiento normal de la glándula tiroides en equinos y los factores que aumentan en ellos los niveles de hormonas tiroideas. Materiales y métodos: Mediante la revisión de la literatura disponible de los últimos 50 años en las bases de datos BBCS-LILACS, fuente académica, IB-PsycINFO, IB-SSCI, IB-SciELO, Scopus y Scirus, al igual que artículos históricos, textos y referencias citadas en trabajos publicados. Resultados: la información obtenida relacionada c...

  2. Importância das organizações civis de enfermagem: revisão integrativa da literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, James Farley Estevam dos; Santos, Regina Maria dos; Costa, Laís de Miranda Crispim; Almeida, Lenira Maria Wanderley Santos de; Macêdo, Amanda Cavalcante de; Santos, Tânia Cristina Franco

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO Objetivo: identificar e analisar as evidências trazidas por estudos sobre a importância das organizações civis de enfermagem. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura em que foram realizadas buscas nos bancos de dados LILACS, PubMed/MEDLINE, SciELO, BDENF e Scopus. Resultados: foram selecionados 16 artigos publicados entre os anos de 2004 a 2013, sendo que 68,75% dos trabalhos são originados do Brasil e 31,25% são publicações estadunidenses. Conclusão: as entidades...

  3. O abuso de substâncias psicoativas enquanto fator de impacto no contexto das relações familiares

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas, Letícia Souza de

    2016-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Florianópolis, 2016. Este estudo revisou sistematicamente artigos científicos que abordaram os impactos do abuso de substâncias psicoativas no âmbito familiar. A busca foi realizada nas bases MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS/BIREME, APA/PsychNET® e SciELO.org, compreendendo o período entre os anos de 2005 e 2015. A amostra final desse estudo foi constituída por 5...

  4. Enseñanza de Bioseguridad en la Graduación de Enfermería: una revisión de la literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Andréia De Carvalho [UNIFESP; Sanna, Maria Cristina [UNIFESP

    2007-01-01

    Trata-se de um estudo que realizou um levantamento da produção científica em enfermagem referente ao ensino de biossegurança com o objetivo de investigar o contexto em que se deram e conhecer o conteúdo das publicações acerca do ensino de biossegurança na graduação em enfermagem. Foram analisados artigos de periódicos encontrados na consulta às bases de dados LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE, BDENF, DEDALUS e PERIENF, identificando 26 artigos. Os resultados encontrados proporcionaram a formação e disc...

  5. Stem cells and respiratory diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abreu, Soraia Carvalho; Maron-Gutierrez, Tatiana; Garcia, Cristiane Sousa Nascimento Baez; Morales, Marcelo Marcos; Rocco, Patricia Rieken Macedo

    2008-01-01

    Stem cells have a multitude of clinical implications in the lung. This article is a critical review that includes clinical and experimental studies of MedLine and SciElo database in the last 10 years, where we highlight the effects of stem cell therapy in acute respiratory distress syndrome or more chronic disorders such as lung fibrosis and emphysema. Although, many studies have shown the beneficial effects of stem cells in lung development, repair and remodeling; some important questions need to be answered to better understand the mechanisms that control cell division and differentiation, therefore enabling the use of cell therapy in human respiratory diseases. (author)

  6. Processo decisório de compra de maçã na cidade de Porto Alegre - RS

    OpenAIRE

    Rockenbach, Bianca Martins

    2013-01-01

    O presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal descrever o processo decisório de compra de maçã na cidade de Porto Alegre - RS, buscando aprofundar o conhecimento acerca dos fatores que influenciam a decisão de compra da fruta pelo último elo da cadeia produtiva: o consumidor final. Para a efetiva condução deste trabalho, o processo metodológico apresentou uma pesquisa exploratória, realizada em uma fase qualitativa, em que foram apontados os indicadores relacionados à tomada de decisão ...

  7. A utilização da teoria da aprendizagem significativa no ensino da Enfermagem

    OpenAIRE

    Alana Tamar Oliveira de Sousa; Nilton Soares Formiga; Simone Helena dos Santos Oliveira; Marta Miriam Lopes Costa; Maria Júlia Guimarães Oliveira Soares

    2015-01-01

    RESUMO Objetivo: sintetizar a produção científica acerca da Teoria da Aprendizagem Significativa no processo de ensino-aprendizagem em Enfermagem. Método: revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO, BDENF e CINAHL, com artigos que abordaram a temática ou aspectos da teoria da aprendizagem significativa de David Ausubel. Fizeram parte da amostra dez artigos, sendo seis escritos no idioma português e quatro no inglês, publicados de 1998 a 2013. Resultados: cinco...

  8. Social deprivation, population dependency ratio and an extended hospital episode - Insights from acute medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cournane, Seán; Dalton, Ann; Byrne, Declan; Conway, Richard; O'Riordan, Deirdre; Coveney, Seamus; Silke, Bernard

    2015-11-01

    Patients from deprived backgrounds have a higher in-patient mortality following an emergency medical admission; this study aimed to investigate the extent to which Deprivation status and the population Dependency Ratio influenced extended hospital episodes. All Emergency Medical admissions (75,018 episodes of 41,728 patients) over 12 years (2002-2013) categorized by quintile of Deprivation Index and Population Dependency Rates (proportion of non-working/working) were evaluated against length of stay (LOS). Patients with an Extended LOS (ELOS), >30 days, were investigated, by Deprivation status, Illness Severity and Co-morbidity status. Univariate and multi-variable risk estimates (Odds Rates or Incidence Rate Ratios) were calculated, using truncated Poisson regression. Hospital episodes with ELOS had a frequency of 11.5%; their median LOS (IQR) was 55.0 (38.8, 97.6) days utilizing 57.6% of all bed days by all 75,018 emergency medical admissions. The Deprivation Index independently predicted the rate of such ELOS admissions; these increased approximately five-fold (rate/1000 population) over the Deprivation Quintiles with model adjusted predicted admission rates of for Q1 0.93 (95% CI: 0.86, 0.99), Q22.63 (95% CI: 2.55, 2.71), Q3 3.84 (95% CI: 3.77, 3.91), Q4 3.42 (95% CI: 3.37, 3.48) and Q5 4.38 (95% CI: 4.22, 4.54). Similarly the Population Dependency Ratio Quintiles (dependent to working structure of the population by small area units) independently predicted extended LOS admissions. The admission of patients with an ELOS is strongly influenced by the Deprivation status and the population Dependency Ratio of the catchment area. These factors interact, with both high deprivation and Dependency cohorts having a major influence on the numbers of emergency medical admission patients with an extended hospital episode. Copyright © 2015 European Federation of Internal Medicine. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Salud mental en la comunidad en situaciones de desastre. Una revisión de los modelos de abordaje en la comunidad

    OpenAIRE

    Abeldaño, Roberto Ariel; Fernández, Ruth

    2016-01-01

    Resumen Resumen Se realizó un trabajo de revisión de literatura de tipo narrativo, con el objetivo de explorar los modelos de intervención psicosocial en situaciones de desastre. Se incluyeron documentos rescatados a través de PubMed, SciELO, GoogleScholar, y Medline entre los años 1980-2014 en idioma español, inglés y francés. Además se efectuaron búsquedas en sitios web de organizaciones internacionales y gubernamentales para recopilar información relacionada a documentos que reportaban exp...

  10. Efecto de los inotrópicos sobre la mortalidad en falla cardiaca aguda. Metaanálisis en red de ensayos clínicos

    OpenAIRE

    Juan M. Sénior; Edison Muñoz; James Díaz

    2017-01-01

    Introducción: en pacientes con falla cardiaca aguda es necesario el uso de inotrópicos para lograr su estabilización. Objetivo: definir cuál de los medicamentos inotrópicos se asocia con menor mortalidad. Metodología: se realizó un metaanálisis en red con la aproximación frecuentista. La búsqueda sistemática incluyó PUBMED, EMBASE, CENTRAL, DARE, Epistemonikos, SieELO, LILACS y OpenGray. Se incluyeron ensayos clínicos con asignación aleatoria en pacientes con falla cardiaca aguda que re...

  11. Proposição de um modelo conceitual para mitigação de riscos no planejamento de transportes em cadeias de suprimentos globais

    OpenAIRE

    José Benedito Silva Santos Júnior

    2016-01-01

    Resumo: Cadeias de suprimentos globais requerem uma coordenação precisa dos fluxos de insumos, produtos acabados, informações e recursos financeiros. A natureza dinâmica das relações entre os diversos elos da cadeia de suprimentos evidencia a necessidade de uma abordagem apropriada para a gestão de riscos para todos os processos inerentes ao planejamento das operações em âmbito global, em particular, para as operações de transportes. A gestão de riscos no planejamento de sistemas de transport...

  12. Return to play after health complications associated with infectious mononucleosis guided on autonomic nervous system activity in elite athlete: A case study [Rekonvalescence po infekční mononukleóze řízená na základě aktivity autonomního nervového systému u vrcholového sportovce: Kazuistika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Větvička

    2012-06-01

    transaminase level. We suggest that a combination of both non-invasive SA HRV and periodic assessment of biochemical indicators of liver state seems to be a promising strategy for determination of safe application of training load during convalescence after IM.[VÝCHODISKA: Infekční mononukleóza (InM je závažným onemocněním vyvolané Epstein-Barr virem, které vyžaduje okamžité přerušení tréninku. CÍLE: Hlavním cílem naší práce bylo vytvořit optimální rekondiční program pro vrcholového sportovce po recidivě InM, který povede k jeho bezpečnému návratu do vrcholového sportu. METODIKA: Řízená rekonvalescence trvala téměř tři měsíce. Dávkování zatížení bylo podřízeno aktuální úrovni aktivity autonomního nervového systému (ANS, která byla opakovaně diagnostikována metodou spektrální analýzy variability srdeční frekvence (SA VSF. Hodnoceny byly individuální parametry: spektrální výkon v oblasti velmi nízké frekvence (PVLF (0,02-0,05 Hz; výkon v oblasti nízké frekvence (PLF (0,05-0,15 Hz; výkon v oblasti vysoké frekvence (PHF (0,15-0,50 Hz; celkový spektrální výkon (PT (0,02-0,50 Hz; poměry PVLF/PHF a PLF/PHF a srdeční frekvence (SF. Dále byla aktivita ANS posuzována pomocí komplexních indexů SA HRV: indexu vagové aktivity, sympatovagové balance a celkového skóre. V práci bylo hodnoceno i subjektivní vnímání zatížení společně s ranní únavou. Prováděny byly také biochemické analýzy aktivity vybraných jaterních enzymů. VÝSLEDKY: Během rekonvalescence došlo ke zvýšení průměrné hodnoty PT, které doprovázelo zvýšení poměru PVLF/PHF a PLF/PHF. Mezi jednotlivými etapami rekonvalescence nedošlo k signifikantním změnám u žádného z komplexních indexů SA HRV. V lehu a především ve stoji byl zaznamenán signifikantní pokles SF. Dále byl během rekonvalescence pozorován signifikantní vzestup subjektivně vnímaného zatížení a v poslední etapě do

  13. The Impacts of Advancing Glaciers and Jökulhlaups on the 19th Century Farming Community in the Suðursveit District South of Vatnajökull Glacier, Iceland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigurmundsson, F. S.; Gísladóttir, G.; Erlendsson, E.

    2014-12-01

    changes had severe impact on the farming society, people's livelihood and the value of estates. The project is funded by the Vinir Vatnajökull fund, Rannís fund (no: 120211021), Landsvirkjun Power Energy fund, the Kvískerfund, and the doctoral grants of the University of Iceland Research Fund

  14. Psicologia do Esporte no Brasil: Revisão em Periódicos da Psicologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandro Andrade

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi realizar uma revisão sistemática de literatura sobre a psicologia do esporte em periódicos da psicologia. Foram realizadas buscas eletrônicas nas bases de dados SciELO (na área das ciências humanas e PePSIC. Como descritores, utilizaram-se os seguintes termos: psicologia do esporte, esporte e atleta. Não se estabeleceu período para a seleção dos artigos. Entre os 84 periódicos indexados na área das ciências humanas dentro da base de dados SciELO, fizeram parte da amostra 14 revistas. Na base de dados PePSIC foram encontradas 66 revistas e oito foram incluídas. No total, foram 66 artigos selecionados. Após os critérios de inclusão, 39 fizeram parte da análise. Os resultados evidenciam que, apesar do aumento da produção relacionada ao tema entre 2010 e 2012, ainda se produz pouco sobre o tema psicologia do esporte, concentrando-se em alguns periódicos. Conhecer a produção científica de psicologia do esporte em periódicos da psicologia possibilita traçar o perfil dos estudos publicados, identificando futuros direcionamentos para a área.

  15. Enhancement of optical and structural quality of semipolar (11-22) GaN by introducing nanoporous SiNx interlayers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monavarian, Morteza; Metzner, Sebastian; Izyumskaya, Natalia; Müller, Marcus; Okur, Serdal; Zhang, Fan; Can, Nuri; Das, Saikat; Avrutin, Vitaliy; Özgür, Ümit; Bertram, Frank; Christen, Juergen; Morkoç, Hadis

    2015-03-01

    Enhancement of optical and structural quality of semipolar (11‾22) GaN grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on planar m-sapphire substrates was achieved by using an in-situ epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) technique with nanoporous SiNx layers employed as masks. In order to optimize the procedure, the effect of SiNx deposition time was studied by steady-state photoluminescence (PL), and X-ray diffraction. The intensity of room temperature PL for the (11‾22) GaN layers grown under optimized conditions was about three times higher compared to those for the reference samples having the same thickness but no SiNx interlayers. This finding is attributed to the blockage of extended defect propagation toward the surface by the SiNx interlayers as evidenced from the suppression of emissions associated with basal-plane and prismatic stacking faults with regard to the intensity of donor bound excitons (D0X) in lowtemperature PL spectra. In agreement with the optical data, full width at half maximum values of (11‾22) X-ray rocking curves measured for two different in-plane rotational orientations of [1‾100] and [11‾23] reduced from 0.33º and 0.26º for the reference samples to 0.2º and 0.16º for the nano-ELO structures grown under optimized conditions, respectively.

  16. Improvement of optical quality of semipolar (11 2 ¯ 2 ) GaN on m-plane sapphire by in-situ epitaxial lateral overgrowth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monavarian, Morteza; Izyumskaya, Natalia; Müller, Marcus; Metzner, Sebastian; Veit, Peter; Can, Nuri; Das, Saikat; Özgür, Ümit; Bertram, Frank; Christen, Jürgen; Morkoç, Hadis; Avrutin, Vitaliy

    2016-04-01

    Among the major obstacles for development of non-polar and semipolar GaN structures on foreign substrates are stacking faults which deteriorate the structural and optical quality of the material. In this work, an in-situ SiNx nano-network has been employed to achieve high quality heteroepitaxial semipolar (11 2 ¯ 2 ) GaN on m-plane sapphire with reduced stacking fault density. This approach involves in-situ deposition of a porous SiNx interlayer on GaN that serves as a nano-mask for the subsequent growth, which starts in the nanometer-sized pores (window regions) and then progresses laterally as well, as in the case of conventional epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO). The inserted SiNx nano-mask effectively prevents the propagation of defects, such as dislocations and stacking faults, in the growth direction and thus reduces their density in the overgrown layers. The resulting semipolar (11 2 ¯ 2 ) GaN layers exhibit relatively smooth surface morphology and improved optical properties (PL intensity enhanced by a factor of 5 and carrier lifetimes by 35% to 85% compared to the reference semipolar (11 2 ¯ 2 ) GaN layer) which approach to those of the c-plane in-situ nano-ELO GaN reference and, therefore, holds promise for light emitting and detecting devices.

  17. Doing one's utmost: nurses' descriptions of caring for dying patients in an intensive care environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fridh, Isabell; Forsberg, Anna; Bergbom, Ingegerd

    2009-10-01

    The aim of this study was to explore nurses' experiences and perceptions of caring for dying patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) with focus on unaccompanied patients, the proximity of family members and environmental aspects. Interviews were conducted with nine experienced ICU nurses. A qualitative descriptive approach was employed. The analysis was performed by means of conventional content analysis [Hsieh HF, Shannon SE. Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qual Health Res 2005;15:1277-88] following the steps described by e.g. Elo and Kyngas [Elo S, Kyngas H. The qualitative content analysis process. J Adv Nurs 2008;62:107-15]. The analysis resulted in a main category; Doing one's utmost, described by four generic categories and 15 sub-categories, comprising a common vision of the patients' last hours and dying process. This description was dominated by the nurses' endeavour to provide dignified end-of-life care (EOLC) and, when relatives were present, to give them an enduring memory of their loved one's death as a calm and dignified event despite his/her previous suffering and death in a high-technological environment. This study contributes new knowledge about what ICU nurses focus on when providing EOLC to unaccompanied patients but also to those whose relatives were present. Nurses' EOLC was mainly described as their relationship and interaction with the dying patient's relatives, while patients who died alone were considered tragic but left a lesser impression in the nurses' memory.

  18. ALINHAMENTO ESTRATÉGICO INFORMACIONAL NA INDÚSTRIA DE MEDICAMENTOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Giro Moori

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo identificar o nível de alinhamento das dimensões da informação entre dois elos da cadeia de suprimentos, a indústria de medicamentos e as farmácias e drogarias segundo a abordagem da gestão da cadeia de suprimentos. Para tanto, foi utilizada uma amostra de 85 empresas, sendo 51 delas varejistas de farmácias e drogarias e 34 fabricantes de medicamentos, localizadas na região metropolitana da cidade de São Paulo, SP. A pesquisa é de natureza exploratória descritiva, com aporte quantitativo, tendo os dados sidos coletados por meio de um questionário estruturado com questões fechadas. Os resultados evidenciaram que ocorre o alinhamento em padrões pouco significativos entre as dimensões da informação quando comparados os dados informacionais desses dois elos pesquisados. Como essa evidência contrasta com a literatura que defende que a gestão da cadeia de suprimentos deve apresentar elevado alinhamento estratégico das informações com seus parceiros, foram formuladas algumas hipóteses sobre essa constatação.

  19. O comportamento do consumidor do setor farmacêutico diante da demanda não atendida – implicações para a cadeia de suprimentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Aparecida Gouvêa

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo é realizado um estudo sobre o comportamento dos clientes de uma drogaria, na situação de não haver encontrado o produto desejado. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar o comportamento dos clientes, considerando a importância dos consumidores como elo final da cadeia de suprimentos de um setor. O comportamento de compra dos consumidores finais afeta decisivamente o gerenciamento da cadeia de suprimentos, uma vez que influencia a tomada de decisões das várias empresas da cadeia. Conhecer efetivamente o comportamento dos vários elos da cadeia, incluindo o consumidor final, traz inúmeras vantagens, entre elas maior compreensão de interligações especialmente significativas na cadeia, melhor gestão da capacidade produtiva, política de estocagem mais eficiente e facilidade para focalizar uma perspectiva de longo prazo. Um mapeamento das associações das possíveis decisões comportamentais dos clientes a suas características individuais foi obtido por meio da técnica de análise de correspondência múltipla. Essa análise permitiu maior compreensão de aspectos subjacentes ao comportamento dos clientes da drogaria que foi objeto de estudo deste trabalho.

  20. What Can We Learn from the Crystal Structures of Metallacarboranes?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan J. Welch

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The determination of the molecular structures of metallacarboranes by X-ray diffraction remains critical to the development of the field, in some cases being the only viable way in which the overall architecture and the isomeric form of the molecule can be established. In such studies one problem frequently met is how to distinguish correctly {BH} and {CH} vertices, and this review begins by describing two relatively new methods, the Vertex-Centroid Distance (VCD and Boron-Hydrogen Distance (BHD methods, that have been developed to overcome the problem. Once the cage C atoms are located correctly, the resulting metallacarborane structure can frequently be analysed on the basis that cage B has a greater Structural Trans Effect (STE than does cage C. In the absence of significant competing effects this gives rise to unequal M–L distances for a homogeneous ligand set and to a preferred Exopolyhedral Ligand Orientation (ELO for a heterogeneous ligand set. ELO considerations can be used, amongst other things, to rank order the STEs of ligands and to identify suspect (in terms of cage C atom positions metallacarborane structures.

  1. Strategy for prioritizing whistleblowing with potential risks related to health services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Fernandes Barros

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The Sanitary Surveillance of Health Services receives daily denunciations that refer to situations of risk that can hardly be measured quantitatively and attribute to some type of specific damage, in a context of great uncertainty. Objective: Considering such situations should be adequately addressed under the health risk paradigm, this work had as objective identifying notions about risk and its forms of analysis in the scope of Sanitary Surveillance of Health Services, as well as the existence of strategies and models in the analysis and treatment of denunciations. Method: An extensive literature review (through the Regional Portal of the BVS, databases SciELO and SciELO Books, and the journal Visa em Debate was conducted. Results: Although the results point to a relatively recent discussion regarding the model of potential risk analysis as an operational concept for the field of health surveillance in health services, there is no description of strategies or models applied to the analysis or treatment of whistleblowing. Thus, it is discussed and proposed a strategy for the initial analysis of reports with potential risk, which seeks to bring minimally objective criteria, in a field marked by enormous subjectivity. Conclusions: We conclude by indicating that the presented strategy is an initial instrument for the management of whistleblowing that must be discussed and adapted to the reality and context of health surveillance agencies.

  2. Extreme events in total ozone over the Northern mid-latitudes: an analysis based on long-term data sets from five European ground-based stations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rieder, Harald E. (Inst. for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)), e-mail: hr2302@columbia.edu; Jancso, Leonhardt M. (Inst. for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland); Inst. for Meteorology and Geophysics, Univ. of Innsbruck, Innsbruck (Austria)); Di Rocco, Stefania (Inst. for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland); Dept. of Geography, Univ. of Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)) (and others)

    2011-11-15

    We apply methods from extreme value theory to identify extreme events in high (termed EHOs) and low (termed ELOs) total ozone and to describe the distribution tails (i.e. very high and very low values) of five long-term European ground-based total ozone time series. The influence of these extreme events on observed mean values, long-term trends and changes is analysed. The results show a decrease in EHOs and an increase in ELOs during the last decades, and establish that the observed downward trend in column ozone during the 1970-1990s is strongly dominated by changes in the frequency of extreme events. Furthermore, it is shown that clear 'fingerprints' of atmospheric dynamics (NAO, ENSO) and chemistry [ozone depleting substances (ODSs), polar vortex ozone loss] can be found in the frequency distribution of ozone extremes, even if no attribution is possible from standard metrics (e.g. annual mean values). The analysis complements earlier analysis for the world's longest total ozone record at Arosa, Switzerland, confirming and revealing the strong influence of atmospheric dynamics on observed ozone changes. The results provide clear evidence that in addition to ODS, volcanic eruptions and strong/moderate ENSO and NAO events had significant influence on column ozone in the European sector

  3. Estratégia de gestão de múltiplos canais de distribuição: um estudo na indústria brasileira de alimentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivian-Lara dos Santos Silva

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo investigar a gestão de canais múltiplos de distribuição realizada por relevantes indústrias brasileiras de alimentos. Para tal, foi conduzido estudo exploratório em dois estágios: referindo-se à condução de entrevistas a distância com gestores da área de suprimentos (junto a seis empresas, seguidas de entrevistas presenciais (em duas empresas selecionadas da amostra inicial. Independentemente do porte ou segmento de atuação, o estudo evidencia a busca por parte do elo processador de distribuir seus produtos por meio da combinação de dois formatos de varejo (grande e pequeno/médio com, ao menos, mais um canal, com tendência positiva ao emprego de formatos alternativos, entre os quais o marketing direto. Corroborando a premissa central do estudo, a percepção dos entrevistados é que a gestão de múltiplos canais revela-se estratégica para o elo processador ao permitir atenuar o maior poder comparativo do grande varejo, dada a possibilidade de maior cobertura de mercado, customização nas vendas e melhor atendimento dos anseios dos consumidores.

  4. Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira. Visibilidade e acessibilidade da produção científica na área da cirurgia experimental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Población Dinah Aguiar

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A visibilidade da ciência divulgada pela Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira é analisada ao longo da trajetória de 15 anos de publicação ininterrupta, durante a qual foi mantida a periodicidade proposta. Com isto obteve os créditos necessários, para ser selecionada por autores nacionais e estrangeiros que publicaram 116 artigos no primeiro qüinqüênio (1986-1990, 170 no segundo qüinqüênio (1991-1995 e 190 no terceiro qüinqüênio (1996-2000 e também para ser inserida na Base LILACS desde 1987. A partir de maio de 1998 foi credenciada, entre os periódicos brasileiros da área da saúde, para ser incorporada ao Projeto SciELO Brasil. Os indicadores da Base SciELO permitem avaliar a posição da ACTA quanto às características formais de publicação revelando a qualidade científica por meio dos relatórios de uso do "site", acesso aos artigos e às revistas citantes. Análises cienciométricas são realizadas para avaliar a visibilidade e acessibilidade da literatura científica publicada na ACTA.

  5. Acute liver failure and self-medication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, André Vitorio Câmara; Rocha, Frederico Theobaldo Ramos; Abreu, Sílvio Romero de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Not responsible self-medication refers to drug use in high doses without rational indication and often associated with alcohol abuse. It can lead to liver damage and drug interactions, and may cause liver failure. To warn about how the practice of self-medication can be responsible for acute liver failure. Were used the Medline via PubMed, Cochrane Library, SciELO and Lilacs, and additional information on institutional sites of interest crossing the headings acute liver failure [tiab] AND acetaminophen [tiab]; self-medication [tiab] AND acetaminophen [tiab]; acute liver failure [tiab] AND dietary supplements [tiab]; self-medication [tiab] AND liver failure [tiab] and self-medication [tiab] AND green tea [tiab]. In Lilacs and SciELO used the descriptor self medication in Portuguese and Spanish. From total surveyed were selected 27 articles and five sites specifically related to the purpose of this review. Legislation and supervision disabled and information inaccessible to people, favors the emergence of cases of liver failure drug in many countries. In the list of released drugs that deserve more attention and care, are some herbal medicines used for the purpose of weight loss, and acetaminophen. It is recommended that institutes of health intensify supervision and better orient their populations on drug seemingly harmless, limiting the sale of products or requiring a prescription for release them.

  6. Profile of Brazilian scientific production on A/H1N1 pandemic influenza.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luchs, Adriana

    2012-06-01

    In the last few years, bibliometric studies have proliferated, seeking to provide data on world research. This study analyzes the profile of the Brazilian scientific production in the A (H1N1) influenza field between 2009 and 2011. The research was conducted in MEDLINE, SciELO and LILACS databases, selecting papers in which the term "H1N1" and "Brazil" were defined as the main topics. The data were analyzed taking into consideration the Brazilian state and institution in which the articles were produced, the impact factor of the journal and the language. The research revealed 40 documents (27 from MEDLINE, 16 from SciELO and 24 from LILACS). The journal impact factor ranged from 0.0977 to 8.1230. A similar amount of articles were written in English and Portuguese and São Paulo was the most productive state in the country, with 95% of the Brazilian production originating from the Southern and Southeastern regions. Linguistic data indicate that previous efforts made in order to improve the scientific production of Brazilian researchers making their observations attain a broader scientific audience produced results. It is necessary to assess the scientific studies, especially those conducted with public funds, in order to ensure that the results will benefit society.

  7. Need for more research on and health interventions for transgender people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz-Martínez, Yeimer; Ríos-González, Carlos Miguel

    2017-04-01

    Background Recently, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) scientific production is growing, but transgender (TG) people is less considered in the LGBT-related research, highlighting the lack of representative data on this neglected population. To assess the current status of scientific production on TG population, a bibliometric study was performed using the articles on TG people deposited in five databases, including PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Science Citation Index (SCI), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS). The PubMed/Medline search retrieved 2370 documents, which represented 0.008% of all articles recorded in Medline. The Scopus search identified 4974 articles. At SCI, 2863 articles were identified. A search of the SciELO database identified 39 articles, whereas the LILACS search identified 44 articles. Most papers were from the US (57.59%), followed by Canada (5.15%), the UK (4.42%), Australia (3.19%), The Netherlands (2.46%) and Peru (1.83%). These six countries accounted for 74.6% of all scientific output. The findings indicate that the TG-related research is low, especially in low-income developing countries, where stigma and discrimination are common. More awareness, knowledge, and sensitivity in healthcare communities are needed to eliminate barriers in health attention and research in this population.

  8. Acoustic rhinometry in mouth breathing patients: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo, Ana Carolina Cardoso de; Gomes, Adriana de Oliveira de Camargo; Cavalcanti, Arlene Santos; Silva, Hilton Justino da

    2015-01-01

    When there is a change in the physiological pattern of nasal breathing, mouth breathing may already be present. The diagnosis of mouth breathing is related to nasal patency. One way to access nasal patency is by acoustic rhinometry. To systematically review the effectiveness of acoustic rhinometry for the diagnosis of patients with mouth breathing. Electronic databases LILACS, MEDLINE via PubMed and Bireme, SciELO, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, CINAHL, and Science Direct, from August to December 2013, were consulted. 11,439 articles were found: 30 from LILACS, 54 from MEDLINE via Bireme, 5558 from MEDLINE via PubMed, 11 from SciELO, 2056 from Web of Science, 1734 from Scopus, 13 from PsycInfo, 1108 from CINAHL, and 875 from Science Direct. Of these, two articles were selected. The heterogeneity in the use of equipment and materials for the assessment of respiratory mode in these studies reveals that there is not yet consensus in the assessment and diagnosis of patients with mouth breathing. According to the articles, acoustic rhinometry has been used for almost twenty years, but controlled studies attesting to the efficacy of measuring the geometry of nasal cavities for complementary diagnosis of respiratory mode are warranted. Copyright © 2014 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  9. E12 sheet plastination: Techniques and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ottone, Nicolas Ernesto; Baptista, Carlos A C; Latorre, Rafael; Bianchi, Homero Felipe; Del Sol, Mariano; Fuentes, Ramon

    2017-10-30

    Plastination is an anatomical technique that consists of replacing the liquids and fat of specimens by reactive polymers through forced impregnation in a vacuum. These are then polymerized to achieve the final result. E12 sheet plastination involves epoxy resin impregnation of thin (2-4 mm) and ultra-thin (SciELO databases, and manual searches. After searching, 616 records were found using the online and manual searches (MEDLINE, n: 207; EMBASE, n: 346; SciELO, n: 44; Manual search: 23). Finally, 96 records were included in this review (after duplicates and articles unrelated to the subject were excluded). The aim of this work was to review the E12 sheet plastination technique, searching for articles concerning views of it, identifying the different variants implemented by researchers since its creation by Gunther von Hagens, and to identify its applications from teaching and research in anatomy to morphological sciences. Clin. Anat., 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. [Beyond bars and punishments: a systematic review of prison health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gois, Swyanne Macêdo; Santos Junior, Hudson Pires de Oliveira; Silveira, Maria de Fátima de Araújo; Gaudêncio, Mércia Maria de Paiva

    2012-05-01

    A systematic review of scientific production on Prison Health was conducted, seeking to verify how the subject matter has been dealt with, establishing which is the most exploited focus and identifying possible gaps. The search was carried out in the Virtual Health Library. 1160 articles were located: 1104 on MEDLINE, 19 on LILACS and 37 on SciELO, published from 1993 to 2010. As MEDLINE and LILACS do not show the entire articles, the places, dates and languages of the texts were charted. In-depth analysis was restricted to works which were shown in their entirety and free of charge hosted on SciELO. It revealed that scientific production is present all over the world with a predominantly quantitative approach. It focuses on identifying the socio-demographic profile and health conditions of prisoners, the incidence of tuberculosis, Human Immunodeficiency and Hepatitis C virus infections. There is a predominance of studies carried out with male prisoners, in comparison with the female sex. It is clear that prisoner health is a public health problem on the rise, which demands research that can orient health policies and strategies.

  11. Echocardiography in chronic liver disease: systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Vitor Gomes; Markman Filho, Brivaldo

    2013-04-01

    Doppler echocardiography (Echo) is a non-invasive method of excellent accuracy to screen portopulmonary hypertension (PPH) and to assess intrapulmonary shunts (IPS) in chronic liver disease (CLD). In the past decade, Echo proved to play a fundamental role in the diagnosis of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM). To perform a systematic review of relevant articles on the subject 'Echo in CLD'. In November 2011, a systematic review was performed in the PubMed, LILACS and SciELO databases, and the characteristics of the studies selected were reported. The search based on descriptors and free terms obtained 204 articles (179 in Pubmed, 21 in LILACS, and 1 in SciELO). Of those 204 articles, 22 were selected for systematic review. A meta-analysis could not be performed because of the heterogeneity of the articles. Echo should be part of CLD stratification for screening PPH, IPS and CCM, because, most of the time, such complications are diagnosed only when patients are already waiting for a liver transplant.

  12. Childhood and adolescent obesity: how many extra calories are responsible for excess of weight?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Helen Rose C; Bobbio, Tatiana Godoy; Antonio, Maria Ângela R G M; Barros Filho, Antônio de Azevedo

    2013-06-01

    To review the main articles on energy imbalance and obesity in order to quantify the daily energy surplus associated with weight gain in children and adolescents. Articles published in the last ten years, indexed in electronic databases Medline (Pubmed) and SciELO-Br. In the Medline database, the descriptor "energy gap" was used and describes the energy values ​​associated with changes in body weight in individuals or populations. In SciELO-Br database, the descriptors "obesity", "energy metabolism", "energy balance", and "energy imbalance" were used, once it was not possible to find national articles discussing the energy gap. In the pediatric population, four studies were performed and indicate that children and adolescents are gradually gaining weight due to a small, but persistent, daily positive energy balance of 70 to 160kcal above the total energy suitable for growth. The results suggest that small changes in daily eating behavior as well as physical activity would be enough to prevent future weight gain in this population. gradual weight gain can be explained by small daily average of positive energy balance, from 70 to 160kcal above the total energy suitable for growth. The incentive to small changes in eating behavior and physical activities that promotes daily reduction of 160kcal can be an accessible practice in order to block weight gain in this population.

  13. Acute effects of exercise on mood and EEG activity in healthy young subjects: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lattari, Eduardo; Portugal, Eduardo; Moraes, Helena; Machado, Sérgio; Santos, Tony M; Deslandes, Andrea C

    2014-01-01

    Electroencephalography has been used to establish the relationship among cortical activity, exercise and mood, such as asymmetry, absolute and relative power. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the influence of cortical activity on mood state induced by exercise. The Preferred Reporting Items in Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses was followed in this study. The studies were retrieved from MEDLINE/PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge and SciELO. Search was conducted in all databases using the following terms: EEG asymmetry, sLORETA, exercise, with affect, mood and emotions. Based on the defined criteria, a total of 727 articles were found in the search conducted in the literature (666 in Pubmed, 54 in ISI Web of Science, 2 in SciELO and 5 in other data sources). Total of 11 studies were selected which properly met the criteria for this review. Nine out of 11 studies used the frontal asymmetry, four used absolute and relative power and one used sLORETA. With regard to changes in cortical activity and mood induced by exercise, six studies attributed this result to different intensities, one to duration, one to type of exercise and one to fitness level. In general, EEG measures showed contradictory evidence of its ability to predict or modulate psychological mood states through exercise intervention.

  14. Panorama da produção intelectual sobre a medição de desempenho na gestão pública

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    Érica Kushihara Akim

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available No contexto das mudanças na administração pública que visam promover a melhoria do desempenho governamental, este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar um panorama da produção intelectual no campo da medição de desempenho na gestão pública entre 1980 e fevereiro de 2013. Para tanto, foi realizada uma análise bibliométrica de citação e cocitação com apoio dos softwares Sitkis, Netdraw e CiteSpace II. As bases de dados utilizadas foram a ISI Web of Science (WoS - que reflete a pesquisa internacional - e a SciELO - que reflete a pesquisa brasileira. O estudo na WoS identificou os autores, periódicos, pares de documentos e instituições de pesquisas mais importantes. Além disso, o estudo na base da SciELO apontou que a literatura sobre o campo estudado é dispersa. De forma geral, os resultados obtidos revelam que a medição de desempenho na gestão pública é um campo emergente.

  15. Cardiology in Brazilian scientific journals: an overview Cardiologia em revistas científicas brasileiras: um panorama

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    Kavita Kirankumar Patel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cardiology has been and is a very significant fraction of the Brazilian contribution to science. In older days, the most significant part of this work was directed to foreign periodicals, but the quasi-simultaneous emergence of SciELO and PUBMED has ordained a redirection of much of this work to Brazilian periodicals. We here survey some of this more recent contribution for the benefit of readers of Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular. This is offered as an update. Articles on the general themes of Cardiology and Pneumology published by four ISI Indexed Brazilian journals not specializing in cardiology are re-visited, after a search through 10 journals.A Cardiologia foi, e continua sendo, responsável por uma fracção muito significativa da contribuição brasileira para a ciência. No passado, os trabalhos mais importantes eram direcionados para periódicos estrangeiros, mas o surgimento quase simultâneo do SciELO e PUBMED facilitou um redirecionamento de grande parte desses trabalhos a periódicos brasileiros. Neste artigo, examinamos algumas das contribuições mais recentes em benefício aos leitores da Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular. Esta discussão é oferecida como uma atualização. Artigos sobre os temas gerais da cardiologia e pneumologia publicados por quatro revistas brasileiras indexadas no ISI - não especializadas em cardiologia - são revistos.

  16. Fluxo de informação na perspectiva do ambiente em rede / Information flow in the network environment

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    Cibele Roberta Sugahara

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available No campo da Ciência da Informação estudar o fluxo de informação na perspectiva do espaço social em rede requer um olhar atento para a circulação da informação considerando as práticas para troca de informação entre contatos diretos e intermediários. Esse estudo discute a troca de informação no ambiente da rede Arranjo Produtivo Local Têxtil (APL Americana/SP. Para tanto, utiliza-se o método da Análise de Redes Sociais (ARS visando identificar o papel que cada elo desempenha junto à estrutura social da rede. Os resultados indicam que o fluxo da informação na rede APL Têxtil apresenta maior intensidade principalmente por elos com pequeno número de interações. Isso permite o alcance da informação às extremidades da rede e troca de informação com alto grau de novidade. O ambiente em rede propicia interação entre seus integrantes, podendo ocorrer de acordo com interesses específicos, que são reconhecidos ou postos em questão por seus pares.

  17. La política administrativo-religiosa del estado visigodo en el Sureste : el caso de la creación de la sede episcopal Elotana

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    Jesús Peidro Blanes

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se analizan las actas de varios concilios eclesiásticos visigodos, con el objetivo de delimitar de forma más precisa los obispados de Vicentius de Begastri y Sanabilis de Elo. A partir del análisis cruzado de las listas episcopales contenidas en dichos concilios se lanza la hipótesis de la posible autoría de Witerico de las nuevas sedes y las implicaciones historiográficas derivadas de ello. Asimismo, se presenta un estado de la cuestión acerca de la ubicación de la sede elotanaIn this paper we analyze the acts of several ecclesiastical councils of the visigothic period, with the purpose of delimiting the bishoprics of Vicentius of Begastri and Sanabilis of Elo. From the episcopal lists analysis, we hypothetisize of the Witeric’s responsibility of these new seats and the historiographical implications derived. Also, we explain several theories about the location of the elotana seat.

  18. Karya Kolosal Tari Bandungrejo dalam Rangka Hari Tari Dunia di Surakarta

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    Soemaryatmi Soemaryatmi Soemaryatmi

    2018-04-01

    Tujuan penelitian karya kolosal tari Bandungrejo dalam Hari Tari Dunia ke-9 di ISI Surakarta adalah untuk mendeskripsikan perkembangan kreativitas seni yang ada di masyarakat. Metode penelitian yang digunakan meliputi pengumpulan data dengan teknik observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Pengolahan data dilakukan dengan teknik trianggulasi. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan sosiologi seni yang beranggapan bahwa karya seni merupakan ekspresi kelompok masyarakat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan karya kolosal tari Bandungrejo merupakan kulminasi dari beberapa karya yang ada menjadi sebuah karya yang besar. Ide garap tari kolosal kerakyatan diangkat dari legenda Ki Joko Bandung. Struktur sajian terdiri dari bagian awal, tengah, klimaks dan penutup. Ragam gerak tari  yang digunakan sangat bervariasi terdiri dari gerak simbolis, gerak realis (sehari-hari dan beberapa menyesuaikan dengan karakter tokoh yang ada. Komposisi musikal, lagu kerakyatan, Ilir-ilir,  Elo-elo Gandrung Kemakmuran dan Guyub Rukun Makaryo hingga langgam Rahina adalah Musik yang mengirinya Kata kunci;  karya kolosal, tari rakyat, hari tari.

  19. Properties of composite laminates based on basalt fibers with epoxidized vegetable oils

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Samper, M.D.; Petrucci, R.; Sanchez-Nacher, L.; Balart, R.; Kenny, J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • New environmentally friendly composites from biobased epoxies and basalt fibers. • Improved performance with conventional silane treatment on basalt fabrics. • Composites with excellent appearance due to basalt shiny brown color. • Potential applications as substitute of glass fiber reinforced composites in engineering design. • Processing with conventional resin transfer molding (RTM) techniques. - Abstract: This paper deals with the development of polymeric materials derived from epoxidized vegetable oils which have been used in the manufacture of laminated composite materials with basalt fabrics. Epoxidized linseed oil (ELO) and epoxidized soybean oil (ESBO) were used as biobased matrices. The basalt fabrics were modified with amino-silane and glycidyl-silane to increase fiber–matrix interactions. The curing behavior of both resins was evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and oscillatory rheometry (OR). The evaluation of mechanical properties was made by tensile, flexural and Charpy tests. The extent of the fiber–matrix interactions among interface was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The obtained results revealed that surface modification of basalt fibers with glycidyl-silane clearly improves the mechanical properties of the composites. The use of the ELO resin as matrix for composite laminates improved substantially the mechanical performance compared to composites made with ESBO

  20. Profile of brazilian scientific production about balanced scorecard Perfil da produção científica brasileira sobre balanced scorecard

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    Fabiano Ferreira

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to present and analyze the profile of scientific publications on the system performance evaluation Balanced Scorecard (BSC available in the database SciELO Brazil and the Brazilian Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (BDTD. This is a quantitative study and its development were carried out literature searches and bibliometric analysis. Through this research identified the objectives of the studies, how much work available in the databases, the institutional affiliation of authors, year of publication or defense of this work, as well as the methodology used by researchers and the scientific production of each State . Specifically in the database of SciELO Brazil was still possible to identify the authors and the journals that published the articles. The study revealed, among other things, that the publications on the BSC, demonstrate a wide variety of purposes and that researchers tend to use the philosophy of the Balanced Scorecard not only for-profit companies, but also in public administration and business third sector and the agricultural industry. Studies on the BSC in Brazil began in 2000. Two authors per article is the combination that is repeated in most publications in the SciELO Brazil. The geographic location states that contributed the most were: Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Pernambuco. Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE Este estudo tem por objetivo apresentar e analisar o perfil das publicações científicas sobre o sistema de avaliação de desempenho Balanced Scorecard (BSC, disponibilizadas na base de dados SciELO Brasil e na Biblioteca Digital Brasileira de Teses e Dissertações (BDTD. Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, e para o seu desenvolvimento foram realizadas pesquisas bibliográficas e análise bibliométrica. Por meio dessa investigação, identificaram-se os objetivos dos estudos, a quantidade de trabalhos disponíveis nas bases de dados, o v

  1. How public policies happen: Policy drift shapes policies for people with dyslexia in Iceland Hvernig opinber stefna gerist: Stefnurek í málefnum lesblindra á Íslandi 1990-2007

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    Nanna Björk Bjarnadóttir

    2013-06-01

    éu nemendur með lesblindu. Til að átta sig á núverandi stöðu í þessum málaflokki, er stefnuferlið í málefnum nemenda á grunn- og framhaldskólastigi á Íslandi rakið yfir tímabilið 1990-2007. Gerður er samanburður á helstu einkennum þessarar stefnumótunar og þeirri stefnumótun sem átti sér stað í aðdraganda að sameiningu sjúkrahúsanna í Reykjavík á tíunda áratugnum. Markmiðið er að auka skilning á því hvernig opinber stefnumótun gengur almennt fyrir sig og hvernig slíkur skilningur getur varpað ljósi á áhrif stefnunnar. Jafnframt er hugmyndin að koma fram með nýtt sjónarhorn inn í umræðuna um stefnumótun stjórnvalda í málefnum lesblindra. Niðurstöður rannsóknarinnar gefa til kynna að niðurstaða stefnumótunar í málefnum lesblindra, líkt og með sameiningu sjúkrahúsanna í Reykjavík, sé afleiðing ferlis sem einkennist af stefnureki í stað yfirlýstrar stefnumörkunar. Ástæðuna má rekja til ríkjandi stefnu stjórnvalda um valddreifingu á tíunda áratugnum, sem leiddi til enn frekari sundrungar innan sérfræðingasamfélagsins og ýtti undir markaðsvæðingu á sérfræðiþjónustu fyrir nemendur með lesblindu. Þar sem sérstök áhersla var lögð á að valddreifa myndaðist ekki sameiginlegur skilningur innan málaflokksins og þar af leiðandi byggðist ekki upp svokallaður "krítískur massi" af þeirri reynslu og sérfræðiþekkingu sem þarf að vera fyrir hendi til þess að vísindalegar rannsóknir og þróun geti með áhrifaríkum hætti mótað gagnreynda þekkingu sem undirstöðu stefnumarkandi ákvarðana í málefnum lesblindra.

  2. Icelandic organizational culture; Clear strategic direction and intent but lack of coordination and integration Íslensk vinnustaðamenning. Skýr og markviss stefna en skortur á samhæfingu og samþættingu

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    Gylfi Dalmann Aðalsteinsson

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The idea of development gained hegemonic status in the middle of the 20th century as a way of understanding the relationship between different parts of the world. Even though debated how development would best be achieved, the idea as such was generally not critically assessed. Development institutions were seen as objective institutions with the technological knowledge necessary to move one society to the next level of development. The collection of data of these institutions in the so-called underdeveloped parts of the world involved the most intimate aspects of societies,and gave the idea of development content and meaning. The article looks at the origin of Icelandic development aid and aims at contextualizing it within international ideas of aid. The discussion starts with overview of historical appearance of international development globally and its hegemonic position. It focuses then on how the idea of development takes shape in an Icelandic context at a particular period and how it was shaped by international discourses, as is for example reflected in increased pressure on the Icelandic government to initiate an aid institution. The establishment of Iceland’s first governmental institutions focusing on aid in 1971 reflects still little interest by the Icelandic government at that time in international development. The article also shows how these international discourses become entangled with Icelandic nationalism,and thus the emphasis that the Icelandic nation-state would be engaged in international development.Hugtakið vinnustaðamenning hefur verið mikið til umræðu síðustu áratugi innan stjórnunar- og skipulagsfræða. Hugtakið er flókið og erfitt er að henda reiður á því. Í þessari grein er gerð ítarleg grein fyrir hugtakinu og greint frá mörgum ólíkum skilgreiningum þess. Fjallað er um íslenskar rannsóknir á vinnustaðamenningu og helstu einkenni íslensks stjórnunarstíls. Sérstökum sjónum er

  3. Towards the Industrial Production of Omega-3 Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids from a Genetically Modified Diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum.

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    Mary L Hamilton

    Full Text Available The marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum can accumulate up to 30% of the omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA and, as such, is considered a good source for the industrial production of EPA. However, P. tricornutum does not naturally accumulate significant levels of the more valuable omega-3 LC-PUFA docosahexaenoic acid (DHA. Previously, we have engineered P. tricornutum to accumulate elevated levels of DHA and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA by overexpressing heterologous genes encoding enzyme activities of the LC-PUFA biosynthetic pathway. Here, the transgenic strain Pt_Elo5 has been investigated for the scalable production of EPA and DHA. Studies have been performed at the laboratory scale on the cultures growing in up to 1 L flasks a 3.5 L bubble column, a 550 L closed photobioreactor and a 1250 L raceway pond with artificial illumination. Detailed studies were carried out on the effect of different media, carbon sources and illumination on omega-3 LC-PUFAs production by transgenic strain Pt_Elo5 and wild type P. tricornutum grown in 3.5 L bubble columns. The highest content of DHA (7.5% of total fatty acids, TFA in transgenic strain was achieved in cultures grown in seawater salts, Instant Ocean (IO, supplemented with F/2 nutrients (F2N under continuous light. After identifying the optimal conditions for omega-3 LC-PUFA accumulation in the small-scale experiments we compared EPA and DHA levels of the transgenic strain grown in a larger fence-style tubular photobioreactor and a raceway pond. We observed a significant production of DHA over EPA, generating an EPA/DPA/DHA profile of 8.7%/4.5%/12.3% of TFA in cells grown in a photobioreactor, equivalent to 6.4 μg/mg dry weight DHA in a mid-exponentially growing algal culture. Omega-3 LC-PUFAs production in a raceway pond at ambient temperature but supplemented with artificial illumination (110 μmol photons m-2s-1 on a 16:8h light:dark cycle, in

  4. Cadeia de valor da saúde: um modelo para o sistema de saúde brasileiro Healthcare value chain: a model for the Brazilian healthcare system

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    Marcelo Caldeira Pedroso

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um modelo de cadeia de valor da saúde que representa, de maneira esquemática, o sistema de saúde do Brasil. O modelo proposto tem como intuito apresentar uma adequação à realidade brasileira, bem como abrangência e flexibilidade para utilização em atividades acadêmicas e análises do setor de saúde do Brasil. O modelo coloca ênfase em três componentes: principais atividades dessa cadeia, agrupadas em elos verticais e horizontais; missão de cada um desses elos; e principais fluxos da cadeia. A cadeia proposta é formada por seis elos verticais e três horizontais, perfazendo um total de nove: desenvolvimento de conhecimento em saúde; fornecimento de produtos e tecnologias; serviços de saúde; intermediação financeira; financiamento da saúde; consumo de saúde; regulação; distribuição de produtos de saúde; e serviços de apoio e complementares. A análise da cadeia proposta pode ser realizada por meio de quatro fluxos: inovação e conhecimento; produtos e serviços; financeiro; e de informação.This article presents a model of the healthcare value chain which consists of a schematic representation of the Brazilian healthcare system. The proposed model is adapted for the Brazilian reality and has the scope and flexibility for use in academic activities and analysis of the healthcare sector in Brazil. It places emphasis on three components: the main activities of the value chain, grouped in vertical and horizontal links; the mission of each link and the main value chain flows. The proposed model consists of six vertical and three horizontal links, amounting to nine. These are: knowledge development; supply of products and technologies; healthcare services; financial intermediation; healthcare financing; healthcare consumption; regulation; distribution of healthcare products; and complementary and support services. Four flows can be used to analyze the value chain: knowledge and innovation; products and

  5. The influence of different helminth infection phenotypes on immune responses against HIV in co-infected adults in South Africa

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    Mabaso Musawenkosi LH

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The convergent distribution of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV and helminth infections has led to the suggestion that infection with helminths exacerbates the HIV epidemic in developing countries. In South Africa, it is estimated that 57% of the population lives in poverty and carries the highest burden of both HIV and helmith infections, however, the disease interactions are under-researched. Methods We employed both coproscopy and Ascaris lumbricoides-specific serum IgE to increase diagnostic sensitivity and to distinguish between different helminth infection phenotypes and their effects on immune responses in HIV co-infected individuals. Coproscopy was done by formol ether and Kato Katz methods. HIV positive and negative adults were stratified according to the presence or absence of A. lumbricoides and/or Trichuris trichuria eggs with or without elevated Ascaris IgE. Lymphocyte subsets were phenotyped by flow cytometry. Viral loads, serum total IgE and eosinophils were also analysed. Lymphocyte activation markers (CCR5, HLA-DR, CD25, CD38 and CD71 were determined. Non parametric statistics were used to describe differences in the variables between the subgroups. Results Helminth prevalence ranged between 40%-60%. Four distinct subgroups of were identified, and this included egg positive/high Ascaris-specific IgE (egg+IgEhi, egg positive/low IgE (egg+IgElo, egg negative/high IgE (egg-IgEhi and egg negative/low IgE (egg-IgElo individuals. The egg+IgEhi subgroup displayed lymphocytopenia, eosinophilia, (low CD4+ counts in HIV- group, high viral load (in HIV+ group, and an activated lymphocyte profile. High Ascaris IgE subgroups (egg+IgEhi and egg-IgEhi had eosinophilia, highest viral loads, and lower CD4+ counts in the HIV- group. Egg excretion and low IgE (egg+IgElo status demonstrated a modified Th2 immune profile with a relatively competent response to HIV. Conclusions People with both helminth egg excretion and high

  6. CONSENTIMIENTO INFORMADO EN ODONTOLOGÍA: UN ANÁLISIS TEÓRICO-PRÁCTICO O CONSENTIMIENTO INFORMADO EM ODONTOLOGIA: UMA ANÁLISE TEÓRICO-PRÁTICO INFORMED CONSENT IN ODONTOLOGY: A THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL ANALYSIS

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    Leonor Palomer R

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Para conocer acerca de la petición de consentimiento informado en odontología, se realizó una búsqueda de información en las bases de dato de SciELO y PubMed, usando las palabras claves "consentimiento informado", "odontología" y "autonomía". Como complemento, para tener información sobre la situación en Chile, se envió una encuesta a 40 cirujanos dentistas de tres centros de atención dental de la Red de Salud de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Se puede observar que aún existe desinformación en odontología en cuanto a la finalidad, implicancia e importancia de un adecuado proceso de consentimiento informado en la relación odontólogo-paciente.Para conhecer a respeito do pedido de consentimento informado em odontologia, realizou-se uma busca de informação na base de dados SciELO e Pub Med, usando as palabras chaves "consentimento informado", "odontologia" e "autonomia". Como complemento, para se ter uma informação sobre a situacão no Chile, foi enviado um questionário para 40 cirurgiões dentistas de trës centros de cuidados dentais da Rede de Saúde da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Chile. Pode-se observar que ainda existe desinformação em odontologia relacionadas com a finalidade, implicância e importância de um adecuado processo de consentimento informado na relação odontólogo-paciente.In order to know more about the petition of informed consent in odontology, we realized a search of information in the database of SciELO and Pub Med, using the key words "informed consent", "odontology" and "autonomy". As a complement, in order to have information about the situation in Chile, a survey was sent to 40 dental surgeons in 3 dental centers belonging to the health network of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. It can be observed that there still exists disinformation in odontology in Chile relating to the purpose, implications and importance of an adequate process of informed consent in

  7. Análise dos recursos para reabilitação da musculatura do assoalho pélvico em mulheres com prolapso e incontinência urinária Análisis de los recursos para rehabilitación de la musculatura del suelo pélvico en mujeres con prolapso e incontinencia urinaria Analysis of the resources for rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscles in women with prolapse and urinary incontinence

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    Agnaldo Lopes Silva Filho

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta revisão teve como objetivo analisar os recursos e sua eficácia na reabilitação do assoalho pélvico no tratamento dos prolapsos genitais e incontinência urinária. As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS/SciELO e Biblioteca Cochrane. Foram encontrados 886 artigos, dos quais foram utilizados 34 estudos clínicos relevantes que respondiam às perguntas construídas pelos autores. Os estudos analisados mostraram que o treinamento do assoalho pélvico pode ser usado no tratamento dos prolapsos, porém são necessários mais estudos randomizados para sustentar essa evidência. Para a incontinência urinária a reabilitação do assoalho pélvico é eficiente e deve ser o tratamento de primeira escolha.Esta revisión tiene como objetivo analizar los recursos y su eficacia en la rehabilitación del suelo pélvico en el tratamiento de los prolapsos genitales y la incontinencia urinaria. Las búsquedas fueron realizadas en las bases de datos Medline/Pubmed, LILACS/SciELO y Cochrane. Fueron encontrados 886 artículos, de los cuales fueron utilizados 34 estudios clínicos relevantes y que respondían las preguntas construidas por los autores. Los estudios analizados mostraron que el entrenamiento del suelo pélvico puede ser usado en el tratamiento de los prolapsos, sin embargo, son necesarios más estudios randomizados para sustentar esta evidencia. Para la incontinencia urinaria la rehabilitación del suelo pélvico es eficiente y debe ser el tratamiento de primera opción.This review aimed to assess the capabilities and effectiveness of pelvic floor rehabilitation in the treatment of genital prolapse and urinary incontinence. The research was conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS/SciELO and Cochrane Library. There were found 886 articles, of which were used 34 relevant clinical trials that answered the questions constructed by the authors. The studies analyzed showed that pelvic floor training can be used in prolapse

  8. Comunicação digital na gestão pública dos municípios da RMVP: acesso à informação, transparência e mecanismos de participação

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Moacir José dos; Carniello, Monica Franchi; Oliveira, Edson Aparecida de Araújo Querido

    2013-01-01

    A realização do desenvolvimento sustentável corresponde à consolidação e aplicação dos princípios pertinentes à democracia, particularmente quanto à transparência da gestão pública. Partindo da premissa de que na estrutura da gestão pública brasileira os municípios são o primeiro elo entre os cidadãos e o poder público, o artigo apresenta uma análise sobre como os municípios têm disponibilizado informações sobre a gestão pública à sociedade por meio da comunicação digital. Para isso, foi real...

  9. The teaching of nursing management in undergraduate: an integrative review

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    Mara Solange Gomes Dellaroza

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to identify the dynamics of teaching management in nursing degree. It is an integrative literature review with research conducted in the following online database platforms: SciELO, Medline, Lilacs and BDENF. The keywords used in the study were: competency-based education, professional competence, education, nursing, organization and administration, management, nursing, educational assessment, organization of management services, management of professional practice and education. All articles published in the last 10 years which answered the question presented to approach the teaching of nursing management in Brazil, published in any language were included. Those that were not presented in full text were excluded. Of the 1432 studies identified after matching the keywords, only 8 were selected for answering objective of this review. From these results, three related themes emerged: the teaching plans, workload and program content; methodologies of teaching and learning in nursing management; challenges faced in developing the teaching of nursing management.

  10. Relationship between sexual offences and mental and developmental disorders: a review

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    Alexandre Martins Valença

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is a serious public health problem that concerns and faces our society. The prevalence, magnitude and consequences of this problem have merited growing attention by health researchers and human rights scholars. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a review of the literature regarding the relationship between mental disorders, sexual offences and those of development. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed in PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO and Lilacs, employing the terms "sexual crime", "sexual offence", "mental disorder", "mental retardation", "developmental disability" and its combinations. RESULTS: The mental disorders and developmental disorders more frequently related to the perpetration of sexual offences were schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and mental retardation. DISCUSSION: The detection and treatment of psychiatric morbidity among sexual offenders in health and criminal justice systems, which may contribute to a lower risk of recidivism of this sexual behaviour, is important.

  11. Reflexões de professores de inglês em formação sobre o uso de Webquests Interativas e Adaptáveis no processo de ensino e aprendizagem da língua inglesa

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    Camila Gonçalves dos Santos do Canto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O presente estudo, de cunho qualitativo, é um recorte da tese de doutorado da autora a qual propôs um novo modelo de Webquest voltado ao ensino de línguas por meio de um sistema interativo de autoria - a ferramenta Elo Cloud. Os resultados aqui apresentados voltam-se ao papel reflexivo de futuros professores de língua inglesa quanto ao uso das Webquests Interativas e Adaptáveis nas práticas de ensino e aprendizagem de línguas. As reflexões feitas a partir da fala dos professores em formação demonstraram que as Webquests Interativas e Adaptáveis são potencializadoras no processo de aprendizagem de línguas por fornecerem conteúdos interativos e dinâmicos que focam no aprendizado da língua inglesa.

  12. Gaps of maritime health research in Latin America – a literature review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Olaf Chresten; Andrioti, Despena; Canals, M. Luisa

    for research in this part of the world. Materials and Methods PubMed, Google Scholar, SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online, Pan American Journal of Public Health, Medicina Maritima and other relevant journals in Latin America in the Spanish and English languages were searched. Results 57 peer......-reviewed articles on fishermen´s health and safety and none for the seafarers were included. Brazil counted for the main part n =39, while each of the other countries had 0-4 studies. The study objectives include occupational injuries, divers disease, skin diseases, hearing loss and other issues. The cross......Background So far the maritime health and safety research for seafarers and fishermen mainly comes from the industrial developed countries with sparse contributions from the developing countries. The aim was to give an overview of the peer reviewed research in Latin America to point out the needs...

  13. Indicators of national focus of the research published by Public Health journals edited in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Packer, Abel Laerte

    2015-07-01

    This report presents a set of bibliometric indicators and statistics which explain the high level of production of articles on research in public and collective health in Brazil which are published in the main nationally edited journals in the field. The predominance of publications in the Portuguese language by Brazilian authors results in a lower impact in terms of citations received as measured by the bibliometric indexes Scimago/Scopus and JCR/WoS. These bibliometric indexes are used to measure the production and performance of research and journals. Nevertheless, the performance of these same journals stands out in SciELO, and is competitive internationally in the broader context of Google Scholar Metrics. The challenge faced by journals in Brazil is developing and applying editorial policies for the valuation of research with a national focus, and its internationalization.

  14. Review of Maritime Health research gab in latin America

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Olaf Chresten

    for research in this part of the world. Materials and Methods PubMed, Google Scholar, SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online, Pan American Journal of Public Health, Medicina Maritima and other relevant journals in Latin America in the Spanish and English languages were searched. Results 57 peer......-reviewed articles on fishermen´s health and safety and none for the seafarers were included. Brazil counted for the main part n =39, while each of the other countries had 0-4 studies. The study objectives include occupational injuries, divers disease, skin diseases, hearing loss and other issues. The cross......Background So far the maritime health and safety research for seafarers and fishermen mainly comes from the industrial developed countries with sparse contributions from the developing countries. The aim was to give an overview of the peer reviewed research in Latin America to point out the needs...

  15. Construindo a interação entre o gerenciamento de projetos e a resource-based view-rbv

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Carlos Cobaito

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Pode-se considerar que a abordagem da teoria do RBV (Resource-based View, e o ponto de vista da teoria de Gerenciamento de projetos apresentam pressupostos distintos. Enquanto a primeira se volta para o modo como os recursos se comportam para a criação e sustentação de vantagem competitiva, a segunda se dirige aos recursos e competências necessários para maximizar a probabilidade de sucesso de um empreendimento. Ambas, contudo, apoiam-se em pressupostos teóricos que identificam capacidades distintivas e competências essenciais nas organizações. Como objetivo exploram-se os elos entre estas duas teorias. Baseado em um estudo de caso foi possível identificar quais são e como os recursos de valor, sob a ótica da RBV, atuam simultânea e sinergicamente no Gerenciamento de projetos.

  16. [Importance of history and physical examination for the care of nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Neuma; Veiga, Patrícia; Andrade, Renata

    2011-01-01

    The history and physical examination are part of data collection of the Nursing Process. Its implementation is aimed at individualized care, holistic, humane and scientific foundation. The literature review was carried out in indexed databases as LILACS and SciELO, books and journals available in local libraries as published between the years 2000 to 2009. The aim is to describe the importance of clinical history and physical examination in the care provided by nurses. The results of this research will enable nursing students and health professionals can better understand the importance of history taking and physical examination to their professional practice, implement properly all stages of NAS and arouse interest in research on this topic.

  17. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Rutt Hinrikus, Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Rutt, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    Arvo Valton. Leidik; Mats Traat. Valge lind; Mats Traat. Harala elulood; Kärt Hellerma. Kassandra; Uku Masing. Luule 1.; Ilmar Vene. Trotsija : katse mõista Uku Masingut; Eesti identiteet ja iseseisvus / koost. A. Bertricau; Ene Mihkelson. Kaalud ei kõnele : valitud luuletusi 1967-1977; Mehis Heinsaar. Vanameeste näppaja; Eesti kirjanduslugu / Epp Annus, Luule Epner, Ants Järv jt.; Aarne Ruben. Volta annab kaeblikku vilet; Mart Kivastik. Näidendid; Kaardipakk / Jürgen Rooste, Karl Martin Sinijärv, Triin Soomets, Elo Viiding, Asko Künnap; Hasso Krull. Kornukoopia : sada luuletust; Tiia Toomet. Vana aja koolilood; Aidi Vallik. Kuidas elad, Ann?; Enn Vetemaa. Neitsist sündinud

  18. An ABC for decision making

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, Luiz Henrique Costa, E-mail: luiz_mogi@yahoo.com.br [Associacao de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira (AMIB), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Ferreira, Bruna Cortez [Hospital de Base de Sao Jose do Rio Preto, SP (Brazil)

    2015-03-15

    The present study was aimed at proposing a systematic evaluation of cranial computed tomography, identifying the main aspects to be analyzed in order to facilitate the decision making process regarding diagnosis and management in emergency settings. The present descriptive study comprised a literature review at the following databases: Access Medicine and Access Emergency Medicine (McGraw-Hill Education); British Medical Journal Evidence Center; UptoDate; Bireme; PubMed; Lilacs; SciELO; ProQuest; Micromedex (Thomson Reuters); Embase. Once the literature review was completed, the authors identified the main diseases with tomographic repercussions and proposed the present system to evaluate cranial computed tomography images. An easy-to-memorize ABC system will facilitate the decision making in emergency settings, as it covers the main diseases encountered by intensivists and emergency physicians, and provides a sequential guidance about anatomical structures to be investigated as well as their respective alterations. (author)

  19. MAIN CONTROVERSIES IN THE NONOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF BLUNT SPLENIC INJURIES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlotto, Jorge Roberto Marcante; Lopes-Filho, Gaspar de Jesus; Colleoni-Neto, Ramiro

    2016-03-01

    The nonoperative management of traumatic spleen injuries is the modality of choice in patients with blunt abdominal trauma and hemodynamic stability. However, there are still questions about the treatment indication in some groups of patients, as well as its follow-up. Update knowledge about the spleen injury. Was performed review of the literature on the nonoperative management of blunt injuries of the spleen in databases: Cochrane Library, Medline and SciELO. Were evaluated articles in English and Portuguese, between 1955 and 2014, using the headings "splenic injury, nonoperative management and blunt abdominal trauma". Were selected 35 articles. Most of them were recommendation grade B and C. The spleen traumatic injuries are frequent and its nonoperative management is a worldwide trend. The available literature does not explain all aspects on treatment. The authors developed a systematization of care based on the best available scientific evidence to better treat this condition.

  20. O "lugar" do filho adotivo na dinâmica parental: revisão integrativa de literatura

    OpenAIRE

    Morelli, Ana Bárbara; Scorsolini-Comin, Fabio; Santeiro, Tales Vilela

    2015-01-01

    O estudo objetivou apresentar uma revisão integrativa de literatura acerca do lugar reservado às crianças na dinâmica dos pretendentes à adoção. O espaço destinado à criança no psiquismo parental fornece indícios de como será a interação entre os membros da nova família. Critérios de busca para definição da amostra (N=24): artigos disponíveis nas bases LILACS, SciELO e PePSIC; publicados entre 2002 e 2012; e cruzamento dos unitermos "pais", "casais", "adoção", "fantasia" e "psicanálise". Os r...

  1. Análise das Concepções de Saúde na Produção Acadêmica Brasileira sobre Educação a Distância na Área da Saúde

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Rodrigo Alcantara de; Struchiner, Miriam

    2015-01-01

    A formação dos profissionais de saúde passa por um processo de reformulação, associado à ampliação do conceito de saúde, que se intensifica devido ao acelerado avanço científico, tecnológico e informacional da sociedade contemporânea. Neste contexto, no intuito de identificar e analisar as concepções de saúde presentes nas publicações científicas nacionais sobre desenvolvimento e implementação de cursos a distância em saúde nas bases SciELO e CAPES, dezessete artigos foram selecionados e subm...

  2. Motor assessment instruments and psychometric procedures: A systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pâmella de Medeiros

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available It was our objective to identify the psychometric elements to an epistemological reflection through a systematic review of cross-cultural validation procedures of TGMD-2 batteries, MABC-2 and KTK. Searches were carried out by two evaluators independently without year and language restrictions in six databases: Web of Science, Science Direct, Lilacs, Scopus, Pubmed and The ScientificElectronic Library Online - SciELO. The key words used were: "MABC", "TGMD" and "KTK" all of them combined with the word "validity". There was a total of 734 articles, of which, after the exclusion criteria, remained only 11 studies. It was found that there are differences between the authors in relation to the psychometric factors taken into account in cross-cultural validation. So that there was a lack of unanimity of the validation criteria of all studies in this field.

  3. Delineamento da produção científica sobre desastres no Brasil no início deste século

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Cassia Rodrigues

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this article we seek to present an overview of Brazilian scientific production on disasters in the beginning of this century based on a review of three data bases: (i PhD Thesis and Master Dissertations; (ii articles in Brazilian journals indexed in SciELO database; and (iii articles indexed in Web of Science database which have Brazilian researchers among the authors. The results point out the main scientific areas, and PhD Thesis and Master Dissertations which have focused this subject. Our results also bring forward the published papers in national and international journals which are focused on disaster issue and have been produced by Brazilian authors. We also seek to debate some aspects related to the increase of Brazilian scientific production on disasters after 2008, and to point out possible trends on this field.

  4. Bioethics teaching in the field of health sciences in Brazil: study of systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Macena Figueiredo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is to know the scientific productions about the bioethics teaching in the field of Sciences of Health in Brazil. Exploratory and descriptive study used the systematic revision technique to collect data. Survey carried through in periodic scientific in the following databases: LILACS, SciELO, BDENF, BBO, and the database of thesis of CAPES and BDTD/IBICT. 18 articles and 12 post-graduation stricto sensu works were identified. The articles were classified in original articles, of revision and reflection. The dissertations and thesis were included in the categories: studies with or without empirical evidences. It was concluded that, after two decades of teaching and research, the works related to the Bioethics teaching in the field of the health are still few. Keywords: Bioethics; Teaching; Higher Education; Health Sciences; Brazil.

  5. Chá verde (Camellia sinensis) e suas propriedades funcionais nas doenças crônicas não transmissíveis = Green tea (Camellia sinensis) and its functionals properties on transmissible chronic diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Senger, Ana Elisa Vieira; Schwanke, Carla Helena Augustin; Gottlieb, Maria Gabriela Valle

    2010-01-01

    Objetivos: fazer uma revisão sobre as principais propriedades do chá verde para a saúde humana Fonte de dados: artigos científicos das bases de dados Medline/Pubmed e SciELO Síntese dos dados: o chá é a bebida mais consumida no mundo depois da água. Devido ao seu processo de produção, o chá verde contém mais catequinas do que o chá preto ou chá oolong. Existem evidências científicas de que as catequinas são in vitro e in vivo potentes antioxidantes. Recentes estudos em humanos sugerem q...

  6. A RELAÇÃO ENTRE O CONSUMO DE CHÁ VERDE E A OBESIDADE: REVISÃO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliane Lucas Guastuci Duarte

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The extracted from green tea plant Camellia sinensis, is widely used throughout the world and over the past few years, scientific research has demonstrated its efficacy in reducing body weight among its various inputs to humans. This review aimed to present an overview of studies with green tea and the effects of its bioactive compounds related to obesity. We analyzed articles regarding green tea consumption and its relation to weight loss, through systematic review in Pubmed, Lilacs, SciELO and Embase, with articles published in the last 10 years. Most (82% of the articles found significant association between consumption of green tea and weight loss, but some studies have shown controversial effects.

  7. InGaN/GaN light-emitting diode having direct hole injection plugs and its high-current operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sungjoon; Cho, Seongjae; Jeong, Jaedeok; Kim, Sungjun; Hwang, Sungmin; Kim, Garam; Yoon, Sukho; Park, Byung-Gook

    2017-03-20

    The light-emitting diode (LED) with an improved hole injection and straightforward process integration is proposed. p-type GaN direct hole injection plugs (DHIPs) are formed on locally etched multiple-quantum wells (MQWs) by epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) method. We confirm that the optical output power is increased up to 23.2% at an operating current density of 100 A/cm2. Furthermore, in order to identify the origin of improvement in optical performance, the transient light decay time and light intensity distribution characteristics were analyzed on the DHIP LED devices. Through the calculation of the electroluminescence (EL) decay time, internal quantum efficiency (IQE) is extracted along with the recombination parameters, which reveals that the DHIPs have a significant effect on enhancement of radiative recombination and reduction of efficiency droop. Furthermore, the mapping PL reveals that the DHIP LED also has a potential to improve the light extraction efficiency by hexagonal pyramid shaped DHIPs.

  8. Sor Juana y la piedra filosofal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dardo Scavino

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available ...el deseo no satisfecho incrusta en la memoria experiencias imaginarias, apetecidas pero no realizadas, más imborrables que las verdaderasJuan José SaerTimeoEn su Nuevo diccionario enciclopédico de las ciencias del lenguaje Oswald Ducrot y Jean-Marie Schaeffer proponen una breve receta : "Consígase un pollo bien vivo, mátelo, vacíelo, trócelo, métalo en el horno y sírvalo con cebollas." A medida que la receta transcurre, observaban los lingüistas, "el pollo, referente común de los diferente...

  9. Characteristics of episodes with extremely low ozone values in the northern middle latitudes 1957−2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. S. Balis

    Full Text Available A number of episodes are observed when the total ozone for 2 to 3 days has fallen below 220 matm-cm in the northern mid- and polar latitudes in autumn. The occurrences of such episodes represent ozone deviations of about one-third from the pre-1976 Oct-Nov-Dec monthly mean! By using primarily quality checked Dobson data, a clear identification was made of more than three dozen short spells with extremely low ozone in the 1957–1978 period. In the following twenty-two years (1979–2000, using mainly TOMS data, one can identify ~ 46 cases with ozone values falling below 220 matm-cm for longer than 1 day, with each time over an area greater than 500,000 km2 . The Ozone Mass Deficiency (O3MD from the pre-1976 average ozone values over the affected area was ~2.8 Mt per day, i.e. four to seven times greater than it would be, assuming only a long-term trend in the Oct-Nov-Dec period. The Extremely Low Ozone (ELO3 events on the day of their appearance over the N. Atlantic/European region contribute to the O3MD by representing 16% of the deficiency due to the Oct-Nov trend in the entire 40–65° N latitudinal belt. The O3MD of the greater pool with low ozone (here taken as <260 matm-cm surrounding the area of the lowest events could contribute on the day of their appearance in Oct-Nov up to 60% and in December, ~30% to the deficiency due to the trend over the entire 40–65° N belt. Analysis of synoptic charts, supported by a backward trajectory on the isentropic surfaces 350 and 380 K, shows that in most of the events, subtropical air masses with low ozone content were transported from the Atlantic toward the UK, Scandinavia, and in many cases, further to the western sub-polar regions of Russia. This transport was sometimes combined with upward motions above a tropospheric anticyclone which lifted low ozone mixing ratios to higher altitudes. The ELO3 events cause a significant deficiency above the tropopause where, in general, the subtropical air is

  10. STD/AIDS prevention in Portuguese-speaking Africa: a review of the recent literature in the social sciences and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Simone

    2009-03-01

    The article reviews academic literature in the social sciences and health on the problems and challenges of STD/AIDS prevention in Portuguese-speaking African countries. Based on a bibliographic survey of the SciELO, PubMed, and Sociological Abstracts databases between 1997 and 2007, the research under review was organized into two groups, according to content. The first group of studies sought to understand STD/AIDS vulnerability among social groups by examining local cultural and socioeconomic factors as related to gender dynamics, sexuality, color/race, religion and health care. The second group encompassed critical assessments of shortcomings in the STD/AIDS educational messages delivered by governments and international agencies. Attention is called to the way in which the presence of traditional medicine systems and the occurrence of civil wars in the post-colonial period impact the STD/AIDS epidemic in the African countries under study.

  11. Infant mortality and prenatal care: contributions of the clinic in the light of Canguilhem and Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueiredo, Paula Pereira de; Lunardi Filho, Wilson Danilo; Lunardi, Valéria Lerch; Pimpão, Fernanda Demutti

    2012-01-01

    This review study aimed to verify how studies conducted in Brazil have related infant mortality to prenatal care and to present contributions of the clinic in the light of Canguilhem and Foucault for qualification of the care. An integrative literature review was conducted from searches in the databases SciELO, LILACS, MEDLINE and BDENF for the period 2000 to 2009. The relationship between infant mortality and prenatal care is related to the insufficient number of consultations or to the quality of the care provided. Even when the number of and routine consultations in the prenatal care were adequate, avoidable deaths were present. For the qualification of prenatal care, it is suggested that the clinical knowledge and other elements that comprise the process of human living are considered, in order that the clinical view is enlarged and articulated to the technologies available in the health system and, together, they are able to contribute to the reduction of infant mortality in Brazil.

  12. Non-pharmacological strategies to decrease anxiety in cardiac catheterization: integrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natany da Costa Ferreira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: to identify and review the literature on non-pharmacological strategies used for reducing anxiety in patients receiving cardiac catheterization. Method: this study was an integrative literature review. The research was conducted using the databases LILACS, SciELO, Medline (through BVS and PubMed and Scopus. Studies were analyzed according to their objective, method, instruments used for evaluating patients' anxiety, and the results obtained. Results: the most used strategy for reducing anxiety in patients receiving cardiac catheterization was music therapy. However, no study identifying the most appropriate time for this intervention (before, during and/or after the procedure was found. Other strategies identified in this review were educational videos, massage, and palm therapy. Conclusion: the results found suggest that anxiety can be reduced using non-pharmacological strategies.

  13. Depression and suicide risk among nursing professionals: an integrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darlan dos Santos Damásio Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract OBJECTIVE Discussing the factors associated with major depression and suicide risk among nursing professionals. METHOD An integrative review in PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO and BDENF databases, between 2003 and 2015. RESULTS 20 published articles were selected, mostly from between 2012 and 2014, with significant production in Brazil. Nursing professionals are vulnerable to depression when young, married, performing night work and having several jobs, and when they have a high level of education, low family income, work overload, high stress, insufficient autonomy and a sense of professional insecurity and conflict in the family and workrelationship. Suicide risk was correlated with the presence of symptoms of depression, high levels of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment; characteristics of Burnout Syndrome. CONCLUSION Suicide risk among nursing professionals is associated with symptoms of depression and correlated with Burnout Syndrome, which can affect work performance.

  14. Psychological aspects of patients with intestinal stoma: integrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natália Michelato Silva

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze evidences of psychological aspects of patients with intestinal stoma. Method: integrative review with search of primary studies in the PsycINFO, PubMed, CINAHL and WOS databases and in the SciELO periodicals portal. Inclusion criteria were: primary studies published in a ten-year period, in Portuguese, Spanish or English, available in full length and addressing the theme of the review. Results: after analytical reading, 27 primary studies were selected and results pointed out the need to approach patients before surgery to prevent the complications, anxieties and fears generated by the stoma. The national and international scientific production on the experience of stomized patients in the perioperative moments is scarce. Conclusion: it is recomendable that health professionals invest in research on interventions aimed at the main psychological demands of stomized patients in the perioperative period, respecting their autonomy on the decisions to be made regarding their health/illness state and treatments.

  15. Quality of life after total knee arthroplasty: systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Robson Rocha; Santos, Ayrton André Melo; de Sampaio Carvalho Júnior, José; Matos, Marcos Almeida

    2014-01-01

    To review the literature on quality of life among patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and assess the impact of various associated factors. this was a systematic review of the literature in the Medline, Embase, Lilacs and SciELO databases, using the terms: TKA (total knee arthroplasty); TKR (total knee replacement); quality of life; and outcomes. There were no restrictions regarding study design. 31 articles addressing this topic using various quality-of-life evaluation protocols were selected. SF-36/SF-12, WOMAC and Oxford were the ones most frequently used. The studies made it possible to define that TKA is capable of making an overall improvement in patients' quality of life. Pain and function are among the most important predictors of improvement in quality of life, even when function remains inferior to that of healthy patients. The factors associated negatively were obesity, advanced age, comorbidities, persistence of pain after the procedure and a lengthy wait for surgery.

  16. Monitoring psychosocial stress at work: development of the Psychosocial Working Conditions Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widerszal-Bazyl, M; Cieślak, R

    2000-01-01

    Many studies on the impact of psychosocial working conditions on health prove that psychosocial stress at work is an important risk factor endangering workers' health. Thus it should be constantly monitored like other work hazards. The paper presents a newly developed instrument for stress monitoring called the Psychosocial Working Conditions Questionnaire (PWC). Its structure is based on Robert Karasek's model of job stress (Karasek, 1979; Karasek & Theorell, 1990). It consists of 3 main scales Job Demands, Job Control, Social Support and 2 additional scales adapted from the Occupational Stress Questionnaire (Elo, Leppanen, Lindstrom, & Ropponen, 1992), Well-Being and Desired Changes. The study of 8 occupational groups (bank and insurance specialists, middle medical personnel, construction workers, shop assistants, government and self-government administration officers, computer scientists, public transport drivers, teachers, N = 3,669) indicates that PWC has satisfactory psychometrics parameters. Norms for the 8 groups were developed.

  17. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Janika Kronberg, Rutt Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Afanasjev, Vahur. Kosmos. Tallinn : Jutulind, 2008 ; Hvostov, Andrei. Võõrad lood. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2008 ; Lauli, Olle. Niguliste õpilased. Tallinn : Verb, 2007 ; Rooste, Jürgen. Tavaline eesti idioot. Pärnu : Ji, 2008 ; Talvet, Jüri. Silmad peksavad une seinu. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2008 ; Beekman, Aimée. Proovielu. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008 ; Kivi, Aita. Lähedal. Tallinn : Ajakirjade Kirjastus, 2008 ; Beekman, Vladimir. Alles see oli. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2008 ; Viiding, Elo. Püha Maama. Tallinn : Tuum, 2008 ; Nõu, Helga. Peaaegu geenius ehk Schrödingeri kassi otsimas. Tallinn : Atlex, 2008 ; Unt, Lii. Parim näitleja linnas. Varanasi päevaraamat. Tallinn : Eesti Ekspressi Kirjastus, 2007 ; Sild, Ivar. Tantsiv linn. Tallinn : Tuum, 2007

  18. Satisfação conjugal: revisão integrativa da literatura científica nacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Scorsolini-Comin

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem por objetivo apresentar uma revisão integrativa acerca do construto 'satisfação conjugal'. A partir das bases de dados LILACS e SciELO (1970-2008, foram recuperados e analisados 10 trabalhos. A maioria trata da definição de conceitos (e.g., ajustamento, qualidade relacionados ao tema. Encontram-se investigações em diferentes contextos de casais e de construção de instrumentos de mensuração. Os estudos revelam que o relacionamento conjugal está positivamente associado à saúde e à qualidade de vida, principalmente nos anos de maturidade e velhice, embora seja apontada a necessidade de um maior número de estudos sistemáticos no contexto brasileiro.

  19. Evidence for the perioperative care of mastectomized women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Monique Lopes Mourão

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the evidence available in the literature about the perioperative care provided to women submitted to mastectomy. An integrative review of scientific literature conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, and SciELO databases, published from 2000 to 2011, using the controlled descriptors: preoperative care; preoperative period; intraoperative care; intraoperative period; postoperative care; postoperative period; perioperative care; perioperative period; and mastectomy. The sample of this review consisted of seven articles. The evidence pointed as perioperative care of mastectomy the pharmacological management of pain in different surgical periods. Despite the difficulty in presenting a consensus of evidence for perioperative care of mastectomy, there was concern on the part of professionals to minimize/prevent pre-, intra- and post-operative pain. Nursing should be aware, both of the update of pharmacological treatments in pain management and the development of future research related to nursing care in the perioperative period of mastectomy.

  20. An ABC for decision making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Henrique Costa Garcia

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study was aimed at proposing a systematic evaluation of cranial computed tomography, identifying the main aspects to be analyzed in order to facilitate the decision making process regarding diagnosis and management in emergency settings. The present descriptive study comprised a literature review at the following databases: Access Medicine and Access Emergency Medicine (McGraw- Hill Education; British Medical Journal Evidence Center; UptoDate; Bireme; PubMed; Lilacs; SciELO; ProQuest; Micromedex (Thomson Reuters; Embase. Once the literature review was completed, the authors identified the main diseases with tomographic repercussions and proposed the present system to evaluate cranial computed tomography images. An easy-to-memorize ABC system will facilitate the decision making in emergency settings, as it covers the main diseases encountered by intensivists and emergency physicians, and provides a sequential guidance about anatomical structures to be investigated as well as their respective alterations.

  1. A difícil trajetória da mulher no patriarcalismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Full Text Available Amnéris Maroni Abordo a “inveja do pênis” a partir de duas escolas de psicologia profunda: a psicanálise e a psicologia analítica. Interessa-me, sobretudo, o desenvolvimento emocional e mental dessas mulheres. Enfatizo três categorias: o furor julgador, o pensamento penetrante e o pensamento acolhimento. Essas três modalidades de experiência emocional e mental estão referidas, no artigo, ao real, à realidade interna e externa. O furor julgador desencadeia, através de opiniões irrefletidas e tradicionais, ataques à realidade externa e interna, ataques aos elos de ligação. O pensamento penetrante tenta inquirir, penetrar nos segredos da realidade vista como ambígua, indiscriminada, obscura, inconsciente. Com o pensamento acolhimento o real é colhido na própria fonte; o real se dá (conjunto ao pensamento.

  2. ONEČIŠĆENJE MORA PLASTIČNIM OTPADOM

    OpenAIRE

    Kovač, Nikolina; Serdarušić, Ana

    2017-01-01

    Onečišćenje okoliša jedan je od najvećih problema s kojim se susreće današnje društvo. Iako se počelo sve više govoriti o zagađenju okoliša i koliko ono utječe kako na ljude, tako i na biljni i životinjski svijet, još nema dovoljne osviještenosti čovjeka o tom izuzetno bitnom problemu za našu budućnost. Iako postoje razna onečišćenja okoliša, mi ćemo se osvrnuti na onečišćenje mora. Do onečišćenja mora može doći na razne načine kao npr. otpadnim vodama, balastnim vodama, pogonskim uljima, naf...

  3. Abordagem (autobiográfica: narrativas de formação e de autorregulação da aprendizagem reveladas em portfólios reflexivos = The (autobiographical approach: a revelation of narratives about training and self-regulated learning in future educators’ reflexive portfolios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frison, Lourdes Maria Bragagnolo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre narrativas (autobiográficas registradas nos portfólios reflexivos de estudantes de um curso de formação inicial em Educação Básica (Portugal e de um curso de Educação Superior em Pedagogia (Brasil. A investigação teve como foco evidenciar o possível elo entre narrativas (autobiográficas e aprendizagem autorregulada, no processo de formação de professores. O material analisado permitiu visualizar questões que emergiram, relativas às aprendizagens e ao desenvolvimento de competências: o papel dos aprendizes de professor nas aprendizagens; a apropriação dos conteúdos; a consciência dos próprios processos de aprendizagem; o comprometimento com a aprendizagem e o desenvolvimento da tomada de decisão

  4. Do copyright à co-pirataria comunicacional da violência

    OpenAIRE

    Joron, Philippe

    2008-01-01

    A violência sempre se constituiu, para as ciências humanas e sociais, um tema privilegiado de investigação, mesmo que de modo indireto, considerando-se sua obstinação para potencialmente desviar o laço social de seus ideais de perfeição. Esta problemá tica sempre sofreu com uma concepção binária das coisas, como se a violência fosse exterior a este mesmo elo social, como se este último não se servisse, e mesmo não produzisse, a violência, para cumprir sua intenção de troca, de convivência, de...

  5. Reasons and meanings attributed by women who experienced induced abortion: an integrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Elisa Sell

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE Identifying the contribution of developed research on what motivates women to induce an abortion and the meaning attributed to these experiences in their lives. METHOD An integrative review conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS, BDENF, CINAHL and SciELO databases, covering the periods from 2001 to 2011. RESULTS We selected and analyzed 11 studies with selection criteria being reasons given by women for inducing abortion and/or the meaning attributed to this experience in their lives, including social, religious, ethical and moral aspects related to this practice, as well as the suffering experienced from the experience. The illegality of abortion is identified as a risk factor for unsafe abortions, reaffirming this issue as a public health and social justice problem. CONCLUSION Results evidence aspects that can contribute to improving health quality and ratify the importance of research to support nursing practices.

  6. Causes for the underreporting of adverse drug events by health professionals: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Rossi Varallo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Identifying the main causes for underreporting of Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR by health professionals. Method: A systematic review carried out in the following databases: LILACS, PAHO, SciELO, EMBASE and PubMed in the period between 1992 and 2012. Descriptors were used in the search for articles, and the identified causes of underreporting were analyzed according to the classification of Inman. Results: In total, were identified 149 articles, among which 29 were selected. Most studies were carried out in hospitals (24/29 for physicians (22/29, and pharmacists (10/29. The main causes related to underreporting were ignorance (24/29, insecurity (24/29 and indifference (23/29. Conclusion: The data show the eighth sin in underreporting, which is the lack of training in pharmacovigilance. Therefore, continuing education can increase adherence of professionals to the service and improve knowledge and communication of risks due to drug use.

  7. Factors associated with health risk behaviors among Brazilian adolescents: an integrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moura, Luciana Ramos de; Torres, Lilian Machado; Cadete, Matilde Meire Miranda; Cunha, Cristiane de Freitas

    2018-01-01

    Identifying knowledge about factors associated with health risk behaviors among Brazilian adolescents. An integrative review of the literature conducted in the Cochrane, IBECS, LILACS, MEDLINE and SciELO databases in relation to risk behaviors recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Thirty-seven (37) studies were analyzed, with a predominance of risky sexual behavior, tobacco use and violent behavior. Advancing age favored unprotected sex, alcohol and tobacco use. Family and friends influence was related to smoking and alcoholism. Males were more involved in situations of violence and the female gender was associated with physical inactivity. Belonging to a lower economic class was related to unprotected sex, physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary behaviors and violence. Studying in private school was related to unhealthy dietary behavior. Risk behaviors were related to social, economic and family factors and they tend to agglomerate.

  8. Evidence level of nursing care technologies in angioplasty of the lower limbs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Soares

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to describe the scientific work on nursing care technologies to adult patients undergoing angioplasty of the lower limbs. Systematic review of the literature followed the electronic databases: LILACS, PubMed, Web of Science, SciELO, and Google Scholar. Twelve articles were analyzed and classified according to the levels of evidence. All qualitative studies were classified with a low degree of recommendation, and as for the quantitative studies only one showed a high degree of recommendation. The research showed studies with the lowest level of scientific evidence, aside from a lack of research and poor scientific background in which nursing preoperative care to patients undergoing angioplasty of the lower limbs have been developed. Consequently, there is a lack of information and hence poor training, culminating in unpreparedness in providing care to patients, and in understanding and leading this high complexity service according to the safety principles of patient care.

  9. Scientific evidence of dockworker illness to nursing clinical reasoning

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    Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract OBJECTIVE To identify scientific evidence of occupational illness of dockworkers published in the literature. METHOD systematic review of the literature, developed according to the Cochrane method. The databases searched were: Cochrane, LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL and SciELO. Studies from 1988 to 2014 were selected. The data were analyzed according to the level of evidence and Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology. RESULTS We included 14 studies, in which 11 (78.6% were from international journals. The year of 2012 showed greater number of studies. All studies were classified as: Level of Evidence 4, highlighting lung cancer, musculoskeletal and ischemic diseases, causal link in chemical risks. CONCLUSION The development of preventive measures should especially include chemical exposure of workers applying the clinical reasoning of nurses' environmental knowledge to care for illnesses.

  10. Teatri aastaauhindade laureaadid 2008

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tiit Ojasoo - lavastajaauhind, Silver Vahtre, Krista Tool ja Margus Vaigur - kunstniku auhind, Piret Laurimaa - naisnäitleja auhind, Üllar Saaremäe - meesnäitleja auhind, Tiina Tauraite - naiskõrvalosa auhind, Taavi Teplenkov - meeskõrvalosa auhind, Mart Koldits - sõnalavastuse eriauhind, Dmitri Bertman ja Mart Madiste - muusikalavastuse auhind, Vitali Nikolajev - muusikalavastuse eriauhind, Marina Kesler - balletilavastuse auhind, Oksana Titova - tantsulavastuse auhind, Ivika Sillar - kriitikaauhind, Külli Teetamm ja Tambet Tuisk - Ants Lauteri näitlejaauhind, Heli Veskus - Georg Otsa auhind, Finn Poulsen - Salme Reegi auhind, Elo Soode - Natalie Mei auhind, Aarne Üksküla - Priit Põldroosi auhind, Maimu Berg - Aleksander Kurtna auhind, Laura Peterson - Kristallkingakese auhind, Liina Laigu, Kaido Päästel ja Juhan Rumm - teatritöötaja auhind

  11. Eesti teatri aastaauhinnad 2007

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tiit Ojasoo - lavastajaauhind, Silver Vahtre, Krista Tool ja Margus Vaigur - kunstniku auhind, Piret Laurimaa - naisnäitleja auhind, Üllar Saaremäe - meesnäitleja auhind, Tiina Tauraite - naiskõrvalosa auhind, Taavi Teplenkov - meeskõrvalosa auhind, Mart Koldits - sõnalavastuse eriauhind, Dmitri Bertman ja Mart Madiste - muusikalavastuse auhind, Vitali Nikolajev - muusikalavastuse eriauhind, Marina Kesler - balletilavastuse auhind, Oksana Titova - tantsulavastuse auhind, Ivika Sillar - kriitikaauhind, Külli Teetamm ja Tambet Tuisk - Ants Lauteri näitlejaauhind, Heli Veskus - Georg Otsa auhind, Finn Poulsen - Salme Reegi auhind, Elo Soode - Natalie Mei auhind, Aarne Üksküla - Priit Põldroosi auhind, Maimu Berg - Aleksander Kurtna auhind, Laura Peterson - Kristallkingakese auhind, Liina Laigu, Kaido Päästel ja Juhan Rumm - teatritöötaja auhind

  12. Hopelessness is associated with decreased heart rate variability during championship chess games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarz, Alfons M; Schächinger, Hartmut; Adler, Rolf H; Goetz, Stefan M

    2003-01-01

    Clinical observations suggest that negative affects such as helplessness/hopelessness (HE/HO) may induce autonomic duration; affects were assessed for every move after reconstruction of the games. In all games compiled, 18 situation of intense confidence/optimism and 20 of intense helplessness/hopelessness were observed. Intense affects of HE/HO were associated with decreasing HF-HRV (Fisher exact test, p =.003), increasing "nervousness" (p =.0005), decreasing "optimism" (p =.0005), and decreasing "calmness" (p =.0005). Investigation of championship chess game players with an ELO strength > or = 2300 in a natural field setting revealed increasing HE/HO being associated with reduced HF-HRV suggestive of vagal withdrawal. Thus, our data may help link negative mood states, autonomic nervous system disturbances, and cardiac events.

  13. EL VÍNCULO EDUCATIVO Y LOS PROCESOS DE LIGAZÓN EN EDUCACIÓN MEDIA BÁSICA: LAS VOCES DE DOCENTES Y ESTUDIANTES.

    OpenAIRE

    Valeria Píriz

    2018-01-01

    Esta investigación, realizada como tesis de la Maestría en Psicología y Educación (Facultad de Psicología, Udelar) y en diálogo con la línea de investigación Políticas educativas, currículum y enseñanza, coordinada por Eloísa Bordoli (Instituto de Educación, FHCE, Udelar), pretende caracterizar el vínculo educativo y las distintas configuraciones en las que contribuye a la ligazón educativa de estudiantes de educación media básica, desde la perspectiva de docentes y estudiantes, en dos liceos...

  14. THE IDEAL AND THE REAL PROFILE OF TUTORS AND STUDENTS IN LEANING EDUCATION: A PRELIMINARY DISCUSSION ON THE IMPORTANCE OF THE MENTOR IN THE PROCESS OF EAD.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscilla França Fernandes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction – The distance learning has an important role in social inclusion, training professionals for the job market. The same reasons that favor the entry of these students in distance courses act contrary and dropout rate remains high. The analysis of profiles of students and tutors it is important to understand the reasons for avoidance.Purpose – Knowing thecurrent profileand theexpected characteristicsof the tutorsand students of distance education, in order tocomparethe ideal andreal,to understand the permanenceof these actorsor notand thereforeassessmentof the directionof this mode of educationin the trainingof professionals in the XXI century.Material and Methods - Study literature review, held from the survey articles indexed in the SciELO database, Medline, Lilacs.Conclusion - We conclude thatthe challengesarevastfor the distance education,particularlyin regardto technologiesand profileof students and tutors involved, suggestingarethinkingofeducational practice, in orderto minimizethe negative effects ofthis process.

  15. Gamificação: abordagem e construção conceitual para aplicativosem TV Digital Interativa

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    Marcos Américo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A implantação da TV Digital no Brasil abre espaço para o desenvolvimento de conteúdos educativos baseados nos conceitos de t-learning e edutretenimento. O estudo propõe a aplicação da gamificação como elo comunicacional para incentivar e modificar o comportamento dos usuários. No entanto, esbarra-se na problemática conceitual do termo, uma vez que a literatura traz diversas e amplas definições, que variam de acordo com o contexto de aplicação. O objetivo deste trabalho, de caráter exploratório, é propor uma abordagem conceitual, a fim de construir um conceito delimitado e que fundamente o sistema de gamificação em TV Digital Interativa.

  16. [Factors that influence treatment adherence in chronic disease patients undergoing hemodialysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maldaner, Cláudia Regina; Beuter, Margrid; Brondani, Cecília Maria; Budó, Maria de Lourdes Denardin; Pauletto, Macilene Regina

    2008-12-01

    The following bibliographical research wanted to identify the main factors that influence adherence to treatment in chronic disease. The study focused on patients undergoing hemodialysis, as well as on the support nurses require for the promotion of health education among individuals with low treatment adherence. The identification of bibliographical sources was conducted at Health Virtual Library and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) data bases. Some printed magazines were also used. The results indicated nine factors influencing treatment adherence or non-adherence: team trust, support nets, educational level; accepting disease, treatment side effects, lack of access to medicines, long-term treatment, complex therapeutic approach, and lack of symptoms. It is advisable that nurses take into account these factors when dealing with chronic-disease patients that present low treatment adherence, getting family and multidisciplinary team support seeking treatment adherence.

  17. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Brita Melts, Rutt Hinrikus, Maire Iro and Maret Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Pärtna, Maarja. Läved ja tüved. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2013 ; Sauter, Peeter. Ära jäta mind rahule. Tallinn : P. Sauter, 2012 ; Viiding, Elo. Teised. Tallinn : Tuum, 2012 ; Mathura. Kumalasepäev. Lelle : Allikaäärne, 2012 ; Kadastik, Mart. Kevad saabub sügisel. Tallinn : Varrak, 2013 ; Mutt, Mihkel. Kooparahvas läheb ajalukku. Tallinn : Fabian, 2012 ; Hargla, Indrek. Apteeker Melchior ja Pirita kägistaja. Tallinn : Varrak, 2013 ; Raud, Rein. Rekonstruktsioon. Tallinn : Mustvalge Kirjastus, 2012 ; Toona, Elin. Into exile : a life story of war and peace. Woodsville (N.H.) : Lakeshore Press, 2013 ; Berg, Maimu. Moemaja. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2012 ; Kareva, Doris, Rooste, Jürgen. Elutants. Tallinn : Verb, 2013 ; Ehin, Kristiina. Paleontoloogi päevaraamat. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2013 ; Maria Lee. Stereomeetria. Tallinn : Verb, 2012

  18. Velopharyngeal sphincter pathophysiologic aspects in the in cleft palat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Collares, Marcus Vinicius Martins

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cleft lip and palate are common congenital abnormalities with typical functional disorders on speech, deglutition and middle ear function. Objective: This article reviews functional labiopalatine disorders through a pathophysiological view. Method: We performed a literature search on line, as well as books and periodicals related to velopharyngeal sphincter. Our sources were LILACS, MEDLINE and SciELO databases, and we applied to the research Keywords of interest on the velopharyngeal pathophysiology, for articles published between 1965 and 2007. Conclusion: Velopharyngeal sphincter plays a central role in speech, swallowing and middle ear physiology in patients with labiopalatine cleft. At the end of our bibliographic review, pursuant to the velopharyngeal physiology in individuals with this disorder in the functional speech, deglutition and otologic function, we observed that although there is a great number of published data discussing this issue, further studies are necessary to completely understand the pathophysiology, due to the fact they have been exploited superficially.

  19. A estrutura do sentido: Goldstein e Merleau-Ponty

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    Claudinei Aparecido de Freitas da Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao reatar o elo mais profundo entre a psicologia e a filosofia, Merleau-Ponty revisita a obra clínica de Kurt Goldstein (1878-1965, reavivando, em especial, seu contributo fenomenológico. As noções de "estrutura" (Gestalt e "sentido" são, aqui, agenciadas quanto a uma compreensão mais integral do comportamento, da vida e da linguagem; alcance que Goldstein obtém, ao estudar os diferentes distúrbios linguísticos, na contramão das teorias intelectualistas e empiristas, essencialmente causais. Ao retomar esse inventário crítico, Merleau-Ponty atenta para o caráter original, dinâmico e, sobretudo, ontológico dessa proposta.

  20. Afetividade entre professor e aluno no processo ensino-aprendizagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jéssica Simone Galdino Schaefer

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar as relações de afetividade entre professor e aluno no processo ensino-aprendizagem. Utiliza de metodologia com abordagem qualitativa, observação participante, e entrevistas semi-estruturadas. O lócus da pesquisa foi a Escola Municipal de Educação Básica Lizamara Aparecida Oliva de Almeida em Sinop, entre Fevereiro e Maio de 2014. Enquanto sujeitos, contou-se com professores e alunos do 3º ano do Ensino Fundamental. Dos resultados parciais, verificou-se que mesmo que a afetividade e a aprendizagem sejam reconhecidas teoricamente por Henri Wallon como elos fundamentais para o processo ensino-aprendizagem, ainda não é bem compreendido pelos sujeitos professores. Palavras-chave: psicologia educacional; afetividade; professores e alunos. 

  1. Systematic review of evidence on the association between personality and tinnitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samantha Mucci

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The scientific literature that personality traits are associated with the individual's adaptation to chronic diseases, becoming an important factor in the etiology and prognosis of physical illness. Some studies indicate that personality characteristics may influence the perception of tinnitus. OBJECTIVE: To assess the scientific evidence of the association between tinnitus and personality. METHODS: A systematic review in the following databases: PubMed, SciELO, LILACS and Web of knowledge. Were selected only studies with patients older than 18 years, published in English, Portuguese or Spanish who established an association between tinnitus and personality. RESULTS: Seventeen of the 77 articles found were selected: 13 cross-sectional studies, two longitudinal studies, one validation study, and one birth cohort study. The samples ranged from 27 to 970 patients. CONCLUSION: Some personality traits, especially neuroticism, psychasthenia, and schizoid aspects, may be associated with tinnitus perception and with the annoyance due to this symptom.

  2. Etnia e gênero como variáveis sombra na saúde mental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Cristina dos Santos Rosa

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é efetivar uma revisão de literatura a partir dos pertencimentos identitários, sobretudo das características relacionadas a etnia e gênero e suas intersecções com a saúde mental. Fundamenta-se na concepção de identidade de Antonio Carlos Ciampa e nas variáveis sombra enfatizadas por Benedeto Saraceno. Promove-se um balanço do estado da arte a partir de levantamento no SciELO, Medline e LILACS. Conclui-se que a maioria dos estudos volta-se para temáticas relacionadas à mulher. A violência contra a mulher ganha proeminência nas suas repercussões negativas sobre a saúde emocional, sendo destacada a sua condição de vítima.

  3. Gestão de portos brasileiros e do BRICS: uma análise comparativa sobre seus problemas logísticos e a resolução por meio da tecnologia de informação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscilla Cristina Cabral Ribeiro

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Brazilian ports have many logistics problems caused by lack of investment and innovation, leading to bottlenecks in the movement of goods. The same occurs at the ports of BRICS member countries. In order to solve the bottlenecks, an option could be the use of information technology (IT, which acts as a facilitator for managing and operating ports. The purpose of this article is to analyze the main problems found at BRICS ports and propose solutions to them through the usage of IT. To do this, a bibliographic search was carried out in the Scopus and SciElo databases, as well as in institutional websites. For berth allocation problems, optimization solutions were more effective; for bottlenecks, simulation, optimization, and RFID technology were used; and for management problems, intelligent transportation systems (ITS and other IT solutions, such electronic data interchange (EDI, helped in the integration of logistic system actors, minimizing a majority of the problems.

  4. Hirm, raha ja armastus / Margot Visnap, Kadi Herkül, Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnap, Margot, 1959-

    1999-01-01

    Teleteatri aastaringist - ETV kaheksa lavastust seitsmelt lavastajalt : Toomas Hussar/Ervin Õunapuu "Linnapea ehk Hirmu põhivormid". Rezh. T. Hussar. Eetris 1. jaan. 1998; A.H. Tammsaare/Ain Prosa "Ma armastasin sakslast". Rezh. A. Prosa. Eetris 24. veebr. 1998; Dennis Potter "Sa oled koor minu kohvis". Rezh. Vilja Palm. Eetris 1. jaan. 1999; Ain Prosa/Karl Ristikivi "lihtne lugu, lõpuga". Rezh. Ain Prosa. Eetris 28. nov. 1998; Betti Alver/Margus Kasterpalu "Tuulearmuke". Rezh. Elo Selirand. Eetris 23. mail 1998; Faama Filmi ja ETV teleteatri koostöö "Isa", sts. ja rezh. Mart Kivastik. Eetris 28. märtsil 1998; "Lilled Leale", sts. ja rezh. Olle Mirme Toomas Vindi novelli põhjal; Rein Saluri "Andke neile andeks", lav. Talvo Pabut. Eetris 19. okt. 1998

  5. Glycosynthase Technology for Enzymatic Synthesis of Functionalized Artificial Polysaccharides as New Biomaterials

    OpenAIRE

    Codera Pastor, Maria Victoria

    2015-01-01

    La tecnologia glicosintasa ha esdevingut una eina important per a la síntesi d’oligosacàrids, polisacàrids i glicoconjugats. Les glicosintases són glicosidases mutades desproveïdes d’activitat hidrolítica però capaces de catalitzar eficientment la formació d’enllaços glicosídics amb rendiments elevats en fer ús d’un donador glicosídic activat. A més a més, el donador activat i el seu producte de transglicosidació poden actuar com acceptors donant lloc a l’autocondensació del donador o a l’elo...

  6. Educational technologies designed to promote cardiovascular health in adults: integrative review

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    Ana Célia Caetano de Souza

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective Investigating the educational technologies developed for promoting cardiovascular health in adults. Method Integrative review carried out in the databases of PubMed, SciELO and LILACS, with 15 articles selected. Results Over half (60% of the studies were randomized clinical trials. The developed educational technologies were programs involving three strategies, with duration of one year, use of playful technologies with storytelling, computer programs or software for smartphones, and electronic brochure. These technologies resulted in reduction of blood pressure, weight, waist circumference, decreased hospitalizations and increased years of life. Conclusion The studies with better impact on the cardiovascular health of adults were those who brought the technology in the form of program and duration of one year.

  7. Estilo literario y reflexión filosófica en el siglo XVIII: Hume y Rousseau sobre el suicidio

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    Valeria Schuster

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se realiza un estudio comparativo entre el ensayo Sobre el suicidio de Hume y las cartas XXI y XXII presentes en la tercera parte de Julia, o la nueva Eloísa de Rousseau, que fueron publicadas en conjunto por un editor anónimo en Inglaterra en 1783. Se analizan los argumentos presentes en cada uno de los textos, la disímil recepción que tuvieron por parte de los lectores de la época y las posibles fuentes compartidas. A partir de dicho estudio, se intenta mostrar cómo el estilo literario en el que están escritas estas obras, compartido por varios pensadores del siglo XVIII, se corresponde con la pretensión de generar un tipo de reflexión filosófica particular acorde con aquellos temas que no caen bajo el dominio de reglas generales.

  8. Eugenia vinculada a aspectos bioéticos: uma revisão integrativa

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    Vanessa Cruz Santos

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo é analisar o que versam as produções científicas sobre eugenia, vinculando-as com aspectos bioéticos. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura. Os dados foram coletados nas bases de dados Lilacs e SciELO, por meio dos descritores: eugenia, etnia e saúde, ética e bioética. Para a análise e posterior síntese dos artigos foi utilizada figura sinóptica. Verificou-se que a eugenia viola os direitos humanos, contradiz com o princípio da solidariedade e coloca em risco a diversidade humana. Conclui-se que houve déficit de artigos que abordem aspectos bioéticos vinculados à eugenia, assim, este estudo poderá contribuir para a reflexão sobre essa articulação.

  9. High Radiation Resistance IMM Solar Cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Noren

    2015-01-01

    Due to high launch costs, weight reduction is a key driver for the development of new solar cell technologies suitable for space applications. This project is developing a unique triple-junction inverted metamorphic multijunction (IMM) technology that enables the manufacture of very lightweight, low-cost InGaAsP-based multijunction solar cells. This IMM technology consists of indium (In) and phosphorous (P) solar cell active materials, which are designed to improve the radiation-resistant properties of the triple-junction solar cell while maintaining high efficiency. The intrinsic radiation hardness of InP materials makes them of great interest for building solar cells suitable for deployment in harsh radiation environments, such as medium Earth orbit and missions to the outer planets. NASA Glenn's recently developed epitaxial lift-off (ELO) process also will be applied to this new structure, which will enable the fabrication of the IMM structure without the substrate.

  10. Periodontal infection and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a systematic review of epidemiological studies

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    Vettore Mario Vianna

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate analytical studies on periodontal disease as a possible risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. A literature search of the MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS bibliographic databases and CAPES thesis database was conducted up to December 2005, covering epidemiological studies of periodontal disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Of the 964 papers identified, 36 analytical studies met the inclusion criteria. Twenty-six epidemiological studies reported associations between periodontal disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes. There was a clear heterogeneity between studies concerning measurement of periodontal disease and selection of type of adverse pregnancy outcome. Therefore no meta-analysis was performed. Most studies did not control for confounders, thus raising serious doubts about their conclusions. The methodological limitations of most studies did not allow conclusions concerning the effects of periodontal disease on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Larger and methodologically rigorous analytical studies using reliable outcomes and exposure measures are recommended.

  11. Contributions of Nursing in adherence to treatment of hypertension: a systematic review of Brazilian literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernandes Gonçalves Dias

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Hypertension is a prevalent chronic disease in health services in Brazil and the nursing is co-responsible in the development of strategies to improve adherence of hypertensive treatment. This study aimed to verify the contributions of the nursing team, active in Basic Health Units to facilitate adherence to treatment of hypertension. Contents: We conducted a systematic review of the Brazilian literature of descriptive and qualitative kind, carried with 17 original scientific articles and research published in national journals in Portuguese between the years 2010 and 2015, indexed in the Virtual Library Database in health / BIREME, Medline, Lilacs and SciELO. Conclusion: The Nursing is present and active in assisting the hypertensive patients of the Health Units and shows evolution incorporating the use of technology as a way of innovation and management of care.

  12. Mediation of information and educational mediation: conceptual discussions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Célia de Souza Sacerdote

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This is systematization of theoretical and methodological contributions related to the concepts of mediation information and pedagogical mediation in the literature. Objective: To understand possible intersection of information science and Online Education with regard to these concepts to check that both can be considered as analogous in its essence and practice. Methodology: Literature review based on literature by consulting the scientific productions selected in search of SciELO.ORG databases and EBSCO Host, the portal of CAPES / MEC and Google Scholar. Results: The most cited concepts in information science and education were de Almeida Junior (2009 and Masetto (2013, respectively. Conclusion: It is observed that the concept of mediation can move interchangeably between both areas. This is because the evidence found in the productions of the last five years indicate that the concept of information of mediation seems to have found its bases in education (educational psychology.

  13. DO MERCADO PÚBLICO AO SHOPPING CENTER: As similaridades culturais e tipológicas existentes entre estes equipamentos urbanos no caso da cidade de Natal – RN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Gabriella de Souza Cordeiro

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Com crescimento das cidades, cresceu também os estudos sobre as formas que elas são construídas e desconstruídas através das dinâmicas sociais e econômicas que se processam no espaço, em busca de compreender o fenômeno urbano. Nesse sentido, relacionar as formas e as sociabilidades comuns aos tempos históricos distintos, significa encontrar um elo entre o passado e o presente. Ao considerar as similaridades existentes entre o Mercado Público e o Shopping Center, nos quesitos culturais e tipológicos, esta pesquisa objetiva evidenciar a relação de cognação existente entre estes estabelecimentos aparentemente tão distintos. A fim de revelar que na continuidade histórica existem menos rupturas do que se pressupõe.

  14. Adherence to nutritional therapy in obese adolescents; a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    França, Silvana Lima Guimarães; Sahade, Viviane; Nunes, Mônica; Adan, Luis F

    2013-01-01

    Considering the controversies existent on the subject, the aim of this review is to discuss adherence to diet in obese adolescents. The selection of articles was made in the SCOPUS, COCHRANE, APA Psyc Net, SciELO, LILACS, CAPES Journals, PUBMED/MEDLINE and GOOGLE ACADEMIC databases. Studies published between 2002 and 2012 were selected. There was lack of evidence of conceptual discussion about adherence to diet in obesity in the child-youth context, in addition to scarcity of data on adherence to diet itself in obese adolescents and the methods of evaluating this. Lastly, multiple interdependent factors were found which both facilitated and made the process of adherence to diet difficult for obese youngsters. The majority of these (factors) belong to the socioeconomic and cultural dimension, in addition to pointing out cognitive and psychological factors and those associated with health services and professionals. Copyright © AULA MEDICA EDICIONES 2013. Published by AULA MEDICA. All rights reserved.

  15. Orthodontic movement of teeth with short root anomaly: should it be avoided, faced or ignored?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Valladares Neto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Short Root Anomaly (SRA is an uncommon disease and a challenge for orthodontic treatment as it tends to increase the risk of root resorption. OBJECTIVE: Assess the current status of the diagnosis, etiology and orthodontic management of teeth with SRA, and present case reports. METHOD: A literature review was carried out in PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, Scopus and Web of Science databases. RESULTS: A differential diagnosis of SRA should be conducted for teeth with incomplete root formation, external apical root resorption, dentin dysplasia type I and post dental trauma root hypoplasia. SRA is genetically determined and orthodontic movement requires changes in clinical and radiographic management in order to restrict damage. CONCLUSION: Orthodontic movement of teeth with SRA is contraindicated in extreme cases, only. Caution at all stages could minimize attachment loss and lead to long-term stability.

  16. Horizontalni aspekt ravnoteže snaga u međunarodnim odnosima

    OpenAIRE

    Popović, Petar

    2013-01-01

    Autor istražuje koncept ravnoteže snaga u međunarodnim odnosima, s osvrtom na realističku tradiciju (klasična i znanstvena faza) i njezino horizontalno shvaćanje ravnoteže snaga kao načela međunarodnog sustava samog po sebi. U prvom se dijelu obrađuje tzv. pesimistična faza (klasični realizam), koja je najviše kroz djelo H. J. Morgenthaua ravnotežu snaga u međunarodnim odnosima tumačila kao načelo samo po sebi u rukama politike moći. U drugom dijelu, u tzv. znanstvenoj fazi ...

  17. Culture brokerage as a form of caring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saidy Eliana Arias-Murcia

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To identify the meanings, uses, and contexts of applying the culture brokerage concept in nursing articles published from 1995 to 2011. Methodology. A total of 32 articles were identified from the following databases: Cuiden, SciElo, Ovid Nursing, Ovid, Medline and Pubmed. Results. It was found that 56.2% of the articles were about research, 37.5% on reflection, and 6.2% topic revision. Five categories emerged from the analysis: culture brokerage concepts, culture brokerage and cultural competence, culture brokerage and the performers, culture brokerage in the care of immigrants, and culture brokerage in the care of individuals with chronic diseases. Conclusion. Culture brokerage is a type of emerging care; it has various approaches and applications in both the community and hospital environments. Its conceptualization helps in the development of the nursing discipline.

  18. [Ethical problems experienced by nurses in primary health care: integrative literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nora, Carlise Rigon Dalla; Zoboli, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone; Vieira, Margarida

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study is to identify ethical problems experienced by nurses in primary health care and resources for coping based on publications on the subject. An integrative literature review was performed between the months of October and November 2013, using the databases: BDTD, CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE, Biblioteca Cochrane, PubMed, RCAAP and SciELO. Articles, dissertations and theses published in Portuguese, English and Spanish were included, totalling 31 studies published from 1992 to 2013. This analysis resulted in four categories: ethical problems in the relationship between team members, ethical problems in the relationship with the user, ethical problems in health services management and resources for coping with ethical problems. Results showed that nurses need to be prepared to face ethical problems, emphasizing the importance of ethics education during the education process before and during professional practice to enhance the development of ethical sensitivity and competence for problem resolution.

  19. Testing applied in Brazilian studies in sport psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andressa Melina Becker da Silva

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Sport Psychology is one of the areas of the expertise of psychologists that makes use assessment tools. Therefore depends on the construction and validation of instruments for this population. Examine the instruments cited in this literature can help in this process. This study examined the instruments validated for the Brazilian population, cited in national articles on Sport Psychology, from 2002 to 2012. The descriptors "validation", "test", "sport", and "Psychophysiology", were crossed with descriptors "anxiety", "stress", "depression", "motivation", "leadership", "aggression," "imagination," "humor," "self-esteem", and "self-efficacy" - on the electronic bases Periódicos/CAPES, SciELO-Brazil and PubMed, in January 2013. For 38 sports and other non-competitive, six instruments translated and validated in Brazil were found, but not yet assessed / approved by the Federal Council of Psychology. The inclusion of the psychophysiological measures in the evaluation process and the validation of the instruments applied to Sport Psychology are discusses.

  20. Managing febrile neutropenia in adult cancer patients: an integrative review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Nunes Ferreira

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the interventions performed by health professionals with a view to managing chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia. Method: Integrative literature review, the sample of 12 primary articles was selected from the following databases: LILACS, SciELO, BVS, PubMed, CINAHL and Web of Science. Results: There was a prevalence of studies, realized by doctors, focused on pharmacological treatment and on the association of methods for greater diagnostic accuracy of febrile neutropenia. A study was found on pharmaceutical management regarding antibiotic dosing efficacy and a study indicating that nurses could contribute to the identification of elderly patients who would benefit from prophylactic use of growth factor. Conclusion: There was a shortage of studies involving the participation of other health professionals, besides the doctors, and a knowledge gap regarding interprofessional practice in the management of interventions specific to their area of specialism, joint interventions and non-pharmacological interventions.

  1. [The Revista Médica de Chile in a science library in the Internet].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, H

    2001-02-01

    Medical journals published in non-English languages face a handicap: their worldwide readership and citation are reduced in comparison to journals published in English. This handicap is worse for small journals edited in developing countries, regardless of whether they publish original research articles including abstracts in English. To facilitate the international diffusion of selected Chilean scientific journals, the "Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica" enforced the program "SciELO Chile" with a web site in Internet (www.scielo.cl) including the full text of articles published in recent issues. Revista Médica de Chile is the first Chilean medical journal that appears in this web site, sponsored by the National Library of Medicine, Washington D.C. We expect that this web site will give a favorable input to authors of articles published in our journal.

  2. EVOLUCIÓN DE LA INVESTIGACIÓN IBEROAMERICANA RELATIVA AL TAEKWONDO Y SU IMPACTO EN EL ÁMBITO DEPORTIVO: APROXIMACIÓN BIBLIOMÉTRICA

    OpenAIRE

    Mikel Pérez-Gutiérrez; Pablo Antonio Valdés-Badilla

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación tiene por objetivo principal desarrollar un análisis bibliométrico de la producción científica iberoamericana relativa al taekwondo publicada en las principales bases de datos hispanohablantes y lusohablantes. La muestra está compuesta por artículos de investigación relativos al taekwondo, extraídos de las bases de datos Dialnet, SciELO y Redalyc, publicados en español o portugués, sin importar la fecha de su publicación. La búsqueda y extracción de información fue r...

  3. [The (in)visibility of psychological family violence in childhood and adolescence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abranches, Cecy Dunshee de; Assis, Simone Gonçalves de

    2011-05-01

    Psychological family violence in childhood and adolescence is still poorly studied, due to difficulties in its definition and detection. This article aims to examine how psychological family violence reported by children and adolescents has been addressed in academic studies, using a literature review (LILACS, MEDLINE, SciELO, PubMed, CAPES Portal, PsycINFO, and SCOPUS databases). Among 51 epidemiological studies, 16 articles met the review's objectives; some of the articles reported a high prevalence of such violence. The study showed that the issue has been studied more in the international literature than in Brazil, which has significantly increased its visibility in the last decade but still faces difficulties involving definition, conceptualization, and operationalization. Eliminating the invisibility of psychological violence in the family could help promote prevention of such violence and protection of children and adolescents.

  4. Dysphagia in the patient after stroke: consequences and nurse intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Frias

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: to check the consequences of poststroke dysphagia and to reflect on the nurse’s intervention in dysphagia rehabilitation. Methodology: it was performed a systematic literature review of the topic in question; research based on international databases EBSCOhost, LILACS, SciELO.We were able to identify some studies publications between 2006 and 2014. We intend to answer the guiding question: What are the consequences of dysphagia in the patient after stroke? » Results vs. Discussion: after a thorough analysis, we have selected 11 articles and found that the most frequent consequences of dysphagia are the pulmonary complications by saliva and/or food suction. The nurse specialist still has a barely visible role, but his/her interventions are critical in these patients rehabilitation. Conclusions: rehabilitation is essential to avoid the consequences of poststroke dysphagia. The rehabilitation process must go through a multidisciplinary team of which nurses are an integral and essential part.

  5. [Unit of hemodynamics: the production of the knowledge].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linch, Graciele Fernanda da Costa; Guido, Laura de Azevedo; Pitthan, Luiza de Oliveira; Umann, Juliane

    2009-12-01

    This study aimed at doing an integrative review that has as objective to investigate what has been published on nursing in hemodynamic in the following data bases: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), and Nursing Database (BDENF); with the descriptors: Enfermagem and Hemodinâmica and Nursing and Hemodynamics. The data indicate that the studies in his majority were developed by nurses, and made a list to the presence of nursing, there were still boarded aspects made a list to the reprocess of catheters and health of the professionals of nursing. Nevertheless, it is noticeable that the publication of works connected with the thematic of hemodynamic is limited. However, they demonstrate the predominance of inquiries and reports making a list to the aspects of the presence of nursing in this sector which may represent the necessities and the problems that permeate the work.

  6. Sleep deprivation, pain and prematurity: a review study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelly Cristina Santos de Carvalho Bonan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to describe current reports in the scientific literature on sleep in the intensive care environment and sleep deprivation associated with painful experiences in premature infant. A systematic search was conducted for studies on sleep, pain, premature birth and care of the newborn. Web of Knowledge, MEDLINE, LILACS, Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, VHL and SciELO databases were consulted. The association between sleep deprivation and pain generates effects that are observed in the brain and the behavioral and physiological activity of preterm infants. Polysomnography in intensive care units and pain management in neonates allow comparison with the first year of life and term infants. We have found few references and evidence that neonatal care programs can influence sleep development and reduce the negative impact of the environment. This evidence is discussed from the perspective of how hospital intervention can improve the development of premature infants.

  7. A percepção de uma marca de moda pelo consumidor

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Leandro Werner

    2016-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Design e Expressão Gráfica, Florianópolis, 2016. Durante todo a evolução no universo da comunicação e do design, sempre houve uma tendência em buscar a diferenciação de produtos através de seus marcas, o que antes eram apenas produtos em uma gôndola hoje já são tratados como elos entre cliente e marca. No universo das marcas de moda este cenário não é diferente. ...

  8. Problemas externalizantes e agressividade infantil: uma revisão de estudos brasileiros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taiane Lins

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Externalizing problems and aggression can lead to difficulties adjustment and suffering during childhood and in later stages, and several factors have been related to these patterns of behavior. This article analyses the findings of Brazilian empirical studies about these issues. A bibliographical survey of complete articles published in Brazil from 2000 to 2010, in the following databases: SciELO Brazil, PePSIC, LILACS, IndexPsi and MEDLINE was conducted. The results presented in the 30 selected articles were analyzed in seven categories: parenting practices and parental social skills; family characteristics; child characteristics, especially gender; exposure to violent role models; parental intervention programs; externalizing complaints and others. The conclusion is that Brazilian studies have contributed to the identification of predictors of externalizing problems/child aggressiveness, investigating, especially factors related to infants characteristics and parenting practices.

  9. Conductive Polymeric Composites Based on Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Linseed Oil Functionalized and Cross-Linked with Diacetylenes from Propargyl Alcohol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Ramírez-Jiménez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Diacetylene-functionalized epoxidized linseed oil (DAELO matrix was synthesized in order to improve the dispersion of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs without the necessity of some chemical or physical modification of them. That fact was evidenced by the low critical concentration of DAELO-based composites in comparison (1.0 wt% MWCNTs with the epoxidized linseed oil- (ELO- based composites (5 wt% MWCNTs. For this, both series of composites were prepared by the ultrasonic dispersion method using the same conditions of solvent, dilution, and sonication time. It was shown that, tailoring the polymer matrix with groups rich in nonpolar electric density, as diacetylene, and capable of interacting by van der Waals forces, it is possible to improve the dispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNTs without necessity of some modification knowing that those treatments usually affect lowering their electrical properties.

  10. An ABC for decision making

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia, Luiz Henrique Costa; Ferreira, Bruna Cortez

    2015-01-01

    The present study was aimed at proposing a systematic evaluation of cranial computed tomography, identifying the main aspects to be analyzed in order to facilitate the decision making process regarding diagnosis and management in emergency settings. The present descriptive study comprised a literature review at the following databases: Access Medicine and Access Emergency Medicine (McGraw-Hill Education); British Medical Journal Evidence Center; UptoDate; Bireme; PubMed; Lilacs; SciELO; ProQuest; Micromedex (Thomson Reuters); Embase. Once the literature review was completed, the authors identified the main diseases with tomographic repercussions and proposed the present system to evaluate cranial computed tomography images. An easy-to-memorize ABC system will facilitate the decision making in emergency settings, as it covers the main diseases encountered by intensivists and emergency physicians, and provides a sequential guidance about anatomical structures to be investigated as well as their respective alterations. (author)

  11. Impact of late radiation effects on cancer survivor children: an integrative review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coura, Cibeli Fernandes; Modesto, Patrícia Cláudia; Coura, Cibeli Fernandes; Modesto, Patrícia Cláudia

    2016-01-01

    We aimed to identify the late effects of radiation exposure in pediatric cancer survivors. An integrated literature review was performed in the databases MEDLINE and LILACS and SciELO. Included were articles in Portuguese and English, published over the past 10 years, using the following keywords: “neoplasias/neoplasms” AND “radioterapia/radiotherapy” AND “radiação/radiation”. After analysis, 14 articles - published in nine well-known journals - met the inclusion criteria. The publications were divided into two categories: “Late endocrine effects” and “Late non-endocrine effects”. Considering the increased survival rates in children who had cancer, the impact of late effects of exposure to radiation during radiological examinations for diagnosis and treatment was analyzed. Childhood cancer survivors were exposed to several late effects and should be early and regularly followed up, even when exposed to low radiation doses

  12. Prevalence of infection in kidney transplantation from living versus deceased donor: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Taminato

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To verify if the type of donor is a risk factor for infection in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS Systematic Review of Literature with Meta-analysis with searches conducted in the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science, SciELO and CINAHL. RESULTS We selected 198 studies and included four observational studies describing infections among patients distinguishing the type of donor. Through meta-analysis, it was shown that in patients undergoing deceased donor transplant, the outcome infection was 2.65 higher, than those who received an organ from a living donor. CONCLUSION The study showed that deceased kidney donor recipients are at an increased risk for developing infections and so the need for establishing and enforcing protocols from proper management of ischemic time to the prevention and control of infection in this population emerges.

  13. Do pollution and climate influence respiratory tract infections in children?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saulo Duarte Passos

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available To review if pollution and climate changes can influence respiratory tract infections in children. Data source: articles published on the subject in PubMed, SciELO, Bireme, EBSCO and UpTodate were reviewed. The following inclusion criteria were considered: scientific papers between 2002 and 2012, study design, the pediatric population, reference documents such as the CETESB and World Health Organization Summary of the data: We analyzed research that correlated respiratory viruses and climate and/or pollution changes. Respiratory syncytial virus has been the virus related most to changes in climate and humidity. Other "old and new" respiratory viruses such as Human Bocavirus, Metapneumovirus, Parechovirus and Parainfuenza would need to be investigated owing to their clinical importance. Although much has been studied with regard to the relationship between climate change and public health, specific studies about its influence on children's health remain scarce.

  14. Solutions in radiology services management: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Aline Garcia; Vergara, Lizandra Garcia Lupi; Merino, Eugenio Andrés Díaz; Wagner, Adriano

    2015-01-01

    The present study was aimed at reviewing the literature to identify solutions for problems observed in radiology services. Basic, qualitative, exploratory literature review at Scopus and SciELO databases, utilizing the Mendeley and Illustrator CC Adobe softwares. In the databases, 565 papers - 120 out of them, pdf free - were identified. Problems observed in the radiology sector are related to procedures scheduling, humanization, lack of training, poor knowledge and use of management techniques, and interaction with users. The design management provides the services with interesting solutions such as Benchmarking, CRM, Lean Approach, ServiceBlueprinting, continued education, among others. Literature review is an important tool to identify problems and respective solutions. However, considering the small number of studies approaching management of radiology services, this is a great field of research for the development of deeper studies.

  15. Solutions in radiology services management: a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Garcia Pereira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractObjective:The present study was aimed at reviewing the literature to identify solutions for problems observed in radiology services.Materials and Methods:Basic, qualitative, exploratory literature review at Scopus and SciELO databases, utilizing the Mendeley and Illustrator CC Adobe softwares.Results:In the databases, 565 papers – 120 out of them, pdf free – were identified. Problems observed in the radiology sector are related to procedures scheduling, humanization, lack of training, poor knowledge and use of management techniques, and interaction with users. The design management provides the services with interesting solutions such as Benchmarking, CRM, Lean Approach, ServiceBlueprinting, continued education, among others.Conclusion:Literature review is an important tool to identify problems and respective solutions. However, considering the small number of studies approaching management of radiology services, this is a great field of research for the development of deeper studies.

  16. Solutions in radiology services management: a literature review*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Aline Garcia; Vergara, Lizandra Garcia Lupi; Merino, Eugenio Andrés Díaz; Wagner, Adriano

    2015-01-01

    Objective The present study was aimed at reviewing the literature to identify solutions for problems observed in radiology services. Materials and Methods Basic, qualitative, exploratory literature review at Scopus and SciELO databases, utilizing the Mendeley and Illustrator CC Adobe softwares. Results In the databases, 565 papers – 120 out of them, pdf free – were identified. Problems observed in the radiology sector are related to procedures scheduling, humanization, lack of training, poor knowledge and use of management techniques, and interaction with users. The design management provides the services with interesting solutions such as Benchmarking, CRM, Lean Approach, ServiceBlueprinting, continued education, among others. Conclusion Literature review is an important tool to identify problems and respective solutions. However, considering the small number of studies approaching management of radiology services, this is a great field of research for the development of deeper studies. PMID:26543281

  17. [Errors in Peruvian medical journals references].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huamaní, Charles; Pacheco-Romero, José

    2009-01-01

    References are fundamental in our studies; an adequate selection is asimportant as an adequate description. To determine the number of errors in a sample of references found in Peruvian medical journals. We reviewed 515 scientific papers references selected by systematic randomized sampling and corroborated reference information with the original document or its citation in Pubmed, LILACS or SciELO-Peru. We found errors in 47,6% (245) of the references, identifying 372 types of errors; the most frequent were errors in presentation style (120), authorship (100) and title (100), mainly due to spelling mistakes (91). References error percentage was high, varied and multiple. We suggest systematic revision of references in the editorial process as well as to extend the discussion on this theme. references, periodicals, research, bibliometrics.

  18. Nutritional Status Driving Infection by Trypanosoma cruzi: Lessons from Experimental Animals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Malafaia

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the scientific knowledge about protein-energy and micronutrient malnutrition in the context of Chagas disease, especially in experimental models. The search of articles was conducted using the electronic databases of SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online, PubMed and MEDLINE published between 1960 and March 2010. It was possible to verify that nutritional deficiencies (protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient malnutrition exert a direct effect on the infection by T. cruzi. However, little is known about the immunological mechanisms involved in the relationship “nutritional deficiencies and infection by T. cruzi”. A hundred years after the discovery of Chagas disease many aspects of this illness still require clarification, including the effects of nutritional deficiencies on immune and pathological mechanisms of T. cruzi infection.

  19. [Risk factors for falls in the elderly: systematic review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gama, Zenewton André da Silva; Gómez-Conesa, Antonia

    2008-10-01

    To systematize results of prospective cohort studies on multiple risk factors for falls in the elderly and to assess their methodological quality. Systematic review of epidemiological studies from Medline, SciELO and Lilacs database. We included prospective cohort studies with samples of more than 100 subjects of both sexes, older than 64 years, and living either in the community or a nursing home. Of 726 studied identified, 15 met the inclusion criteria of being published between 1988 and 2005. The methodology of the studies varied. The main factors associated with increased risk of falls include: previous falls, altered gait, functional impairment, cognitive impairment, psychotropic medication use and excessive physical activity. Despite contradictory findings, being a woman at an advanced age may also be a predictor of falls. Methodological limitations were identified in prospective cohort studies on falls. There is a need for further studies on extrinsic determinants, including evaluator blinding and closer monitoring during follow-up with reduced time of recall.

  20. High efficiency AlGaInN-based light emitting diode in the 360-380 nm wavelength range

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, Hisao; Wang, Hong-Xing; Sato, Daisuke; Takaki, Ryohei; Wada, Naoki; Tanahashi, Tetsuya; Yamashita, Kenji; Kawano, Shunsuke; Mizobuchi, Takashi; Dempo, Akihiko; Morioka, Kenji; Kimura, Masahiro; Nohda, Suguru [Nitride Semiconductors Co., Ltd., 115-7 Itayajima, Akinokami, Seto-cho, Naruto, Tokushima 771-0360 (Japan); Sugahara, Tomoya [Satellite Venture Business Laboratory, The University of Tokushima (Japan); Sakai, Shiro [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Tokushima, 2-1 Minami-josanjima, Tokushima 770-8506 (Japan)

    2003-11-01

    High performance LEDs emitting in the wavelength range 360-380 nm, are fabricated on sapphire substrates by one-time metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) without using epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) or similar techniques. By improving layer structures and growth conditions, the output power of the LEDs was much improved. The light output power of the LEDs at an injection current of 20 mA is 3.2 mW, 2.5 mW and 1 mW at wavelengths of 378 nm, 373 nm and 363 nm, which correspond to an external quantum efficiency of 4.8%, 3.8% and 1.4%, respectively. (copyright 2003 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  1. Voice disorders in teachers. A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Regina Helena Garcia; Pereira, Eny Regina Bóia Neves; Hidalgo, Caio Bosque; Tavares, Elaine Lara Mendes

    2014-11-01

    Voice disorders are very prevalent among teachers and consequences are serious. Although the literature is extensive, there are differences in the concepts and methodology related to voice problems; most studies are restricted to analyzing the responses of teachers to questionnaires and only a few studies include vocal assessments and videolaryngoscopic examinations to obtain a definitive diagnosis. To review demographic studies related to vocal disorders in teachers to analyze the diverse methodologies, the prevalence rates pointed out by the authors, the main risk factors, the most prevalent laryngeal lesions, and the repercussions of dysphonias on professional activities. The available literature (from 1997 to 2013) was narratively reviewed based on Medline, PubMed, Lilacs, SciELO, and Cochrane library databases. Excluded were articles that specifically analyzed treatment modalities and those that did not make their abstracts available in those databases. The keywords included were teacher, dysphonia, voice disorders, professional voice. Copyright © 2014 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Coping strategies for domestic violence against pregnant female adolescents: integrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cibele Monteiro Macedo

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate and analyze in the scientific literature coping strategies for domestic violence against pregnant female adolescents. Method: This is an integrative literature review, conducted from July to August 2017 on LILACS, SciELO and PubMed, using the descriptors and the MeSH terms: confrontation, violence, adolescent, pregnant women, prenatal care. Result: The sample comprised 9 articles that were organized and characterized according to year, country of study and coping strategy used. The main forms of coping involved the active search for cases and the primary care approach with all family members. Conclusion: Individualized prenatal care, the change in professional training and networking activities were pointed out as important components of the strategies for coping with violence against pregnant adolescents.

  3. Coping strategies for domestic violence against pregnant female adolescents: integrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macedo, Cibele Monteiro; Miura, Paula Orchiucci; Barrientos, Dora Mariela Salcedo; Lopes, Gisele Almeida; Egry, Emiko Yoshikawa

    2018-01-01

    To investigate and analyze in the scientific literature coping strategies for domestic violence against pregnant female adolescents. This is an integrative literature review, conducted from July to August 2017 on LILACS, SciELO and PubMed, using the descriptors and the MeSH terms: confrontation, violence, adolescent, pregnant women, prenatal care. The sample comprised 9 articles that were organized and characterized according to year, country of study and coping strategy used. The main forms of coping involved the active search for cases and the primary care approach with all family members. Individualized prenatal care, the change in professional training and networking activities were pointed out as important components of the strategies for coping with violence against pregnant adolescents.

  4. Research on depression in adolescents in Peru: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhonatan Steeven Navarro-Loli

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Depression in adolescents is a multicausal phenomenon and a predictor of social problems and other disorders. Thus, it is considered a public health problem. This investigation aims to systematically review the characteristics of the scientific articles about depression in Peruvian adolescents published in Peruvian and non-Peruvian journals. The search was performed in the databases of SciELO, Latindex, Redalyc, Scopus, PubMed, and through Google, using a combination of keywords related to the construct, the sample and its origin. The unit of analysis consisted of 21 articles. The reviewed articles showed inconsistency in the reporting and bibliographic support of the research designs, sampling procedures, psychometric properties of the instruments, instruments used to assess the construct which were not evaluated in our context, and cut-off points obtained in other countries’ samples. Therefore, we can state that the reviewed articles do not fully comply with the publication standards proposed by the American Psychological Association.

  5. Diagnosis and treatment of hypoparathyroidism: a position statement from the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maeda, Sergio Setsuo; Moreira, Carolina Aguiar; Borba, Victória Zeghbi Cochenski; Bandeira, Francisco; Farias, Maria Lucia Fleiuss de; Borges, João Lindolfo Cunha; Paula, Francisco José Albuquerque de; Vanderlei, Felipe Augusto Brasileiro; Montenegro, Fábio Luiz de Menezes; Santos, Rodrigo Oliveira; Ferraz-de-Souza, Bruno; Lazaretti-Castro, Marise

    2018-02-01

    Objective To present an update on the diagnosis and treatment of hypoparathyroidism based on the most recent scientific evidence. Materials and methods The Department of Bone and Mineral Metabolism of the Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia (SBEM; Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism) was invited to prepare a document following the rules set by the Guidelines Program of the Associação Médica Brasileira (AMB; Brazilian Medical Association). Relevant papers were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS, and SciELO, and the evidence derived from each article was classified into recommendation levels according to scientific strength and study type. Conclusion An update on the recent scientific literature addressing hypoparathyroidism is presented to serve as a basis for the diagnosis and treatment of this condition in Brazil.

  6. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathies: an integrative review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talita Cassanta Costa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To identify scientific studies and to deepen the knowledge of peripheral neuropathies induced by chemotherapy antineoplastic, seeking evidence for assistance to cancer patients. METHOD: Integrative review of the literature conducted in the databases Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO, Medical Literature Analysis (PubMed/MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library and the Spanish Bibliographic Index Health Sciences (IBECS. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 15 studies published between 2005-2014 that met the inclusion criteria. Studies showed aspects related to advanced age, main symptoms of neuropathy and chemotherapy agents as important adverse effect of neuropathy. CONCLUSION: We identified a small number of studies that addressed the topic, as well as low production of evidence related to interventions with positive results. It is considered important to develop new studies proposed for the prevention and/or treatment, enabling adjustment of the patient's cancer chemotherapy and consequently better service.

  7. Aspectos conceituais e metodológicos de redes sociais e sua influência no estudo de fluxos de informação / Conceptual and methodological aspects of social networks and its influence on information flow studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cibele Roberta Sugahara

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available As ligações e interações propiciadas pelas redes sociais permitem compreender como ocorrem os fluxos de informação entre indivíduos e instituições que unem esforços na busca de metas comuns. O artigo apresenta aspectos conceituais sobre redes e redes sociais ressaltando que a estrutura e as relações de interação e intermediação entre os elos da rede impulsionam mudanças nos fluxos de informação. Descreve a metodologia de Análise de Redes Sociais (ARS sinalizando como esta pode ser utilizada na área da Ciência da Informação para compreender os fluxos de informação que se configuram e re-configuram nas redes sociais a partir da estrutura de relacionamento.

  8. Qualidade de vida no trabalho e risco de adoecimento: estudo no poder judiciário brasileiro

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    Lívia Carolina Fernandes

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa visou caracterizar a Qualidade de Vida no Trabalho (QVT em um órgão do Poder Judiciário com base na percepção de seus trabalhadores. A abordagem teórico-metodológica adotada foi a Ergonomia da Atividade Aplicada à Qualidade de Vida no Trabalho (EAA_QVT. Participaram da pesquisa 5.164 trabalhadores. A análise quantitativa apontou que, globalmente, os trabalhadores avaliam a QVT em uma zona de bem-estar moderado. O fator mais crítico foi "organização do trabalho", enquanto o fator avaliado mais positivamente foi "elo trabalho-vida social". A pesquisa forneceu subsídios para uma intervenção que consolide as fontes de bem-estar, visando à prevenção de agravos à saúde e à promoção da QVT.

  9. Profile of Brazilian scientific production on A/H1N1 pandemic influenza Perfil da produção científica brasileira sobre a gripe pandemica de influenza A/H1N1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Luchs

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In the last few years, bibliometric studies have proliferated, seeking to provide data on world research. This study analyzes the profile of the Brazilian scientific production in the A (H1N1 influenza field between 2009 and 2011. The research was conducted in MEDLINE, SciELO and LILACS databases, selecting papers in which the term "H1N1" and "Brazil" were defined as the main topics. The data were analyzed taking into consideration the Brazilian state and institution in which the articles were produced, the impact factor of the journal and the language. The research revealed 40 documents (27 from MEDLINE, 16 from SciELO and 24 from LILACS. The journal impact factor ranged from 0.0977 to 8.1230. A similar amount of articles were written in English and Portuguese and São Paulo was the most productive state in the country, with 95% of the Brazilian production originating from the Southern and Southeastern regions. Linguistic data indicate that previous efforts made in order to improve the scientific production of Brazilian researchers making their observations attain a broader scientific audience produced results. It is necessary to assess the scientific studies, especially those conducted with public funds, in order to ensure that the results will benefit society.Nos últimos anos, estudos bibliométricos proliferaram, procurando prover dados sobre a pesquisa mundial. O presente estudo analisou o perfil da produção científica brasileira no campo da influenza A (H1N1 durante o período de 2009 a 2011. A pesquisa foi conduzida através das bases de dados Medline, SciELO e Lilacs, selecionando artigos onde os termos "H1N1" e "Brazil" foram definidos como tópicos principais. Os dados foram analisados considerando-se: o estado brasileiro e a institutição onde o trabalho foi produzido, o fator de impacto de periódico e a língua. A pesquisa revelou 40 documentos (27 provenientes do Medline, 16 do SciELO e 24 do Lilacs. O fator de impacto do peri

  10. Revisão sistemática das escalas utilizadas para avaliação funcional na doença de Pompe Revisión sistemática de las escalas utilizadas para evaluación funcional en la enfermedad de Pompe Systematic review of functional assessment scales in Pompe disease

    OpenAIRE

    Alana Karla Savegnago; Rosângela Maria da Silva; Cíntia Jonhston; Ana Maria Martins; Ana Paula L. de Melo; Werther Brunow de Carvalho

    2012-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Identificar as escalas utilizadas para avaliação funcional na doença de Pompe (DP) e descrever seu nível de evidência e recomendação. FONTES DE DADOS: Revisão sistemática sobre as escalas de avaliação funcional na DP. Pesquisa realizada nos bancos de dados Medline, Lilacs, Registro Cochrane de Ensaios Controlados Central (CCTR) e SciELO com artigos (exceto artigos de revisão) publicados entre 2000 e 2010. As palavras-chave utilizadas nos idiomas português e inglês foram: doença de d...

  11. [Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathies: an integrative review of the literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Talita Cassanta; Lopes, Miriam; Anjos, Anna Cláudia Yokoyama Dos; Zago, Marcia Maria Fontão

    2015-04-01

    To identify scientific studies and to deepen the knowledge of peripheral neuropathies induced by chemotherapy antineoplastic, seeking evidence for assistance to cancer patients. Integrative review of the literature conducted in the databases Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Medical Literature Analysis (PubMed/MEDLINE), the Cochrane Library and the Spanish Bibliographic Index Health Sciences (IBECS). The sample consisted of 15 studies published between 2005-2014 that met the inclusion criteria. Studies showed aspects related to advanced age, main symptoms of neuropathy and chemotherapy agents as important adverse effect of neuropathy. We identified a small number of studies that addressed the topic, as well as low production of evidence related to interventions with positive results. It is considered important to develop new studies proposed for the prevention and/or treatment, enabling adjustment of the patient's cancer chemotherapy and consequently better service.

  12. Primary neural leprosy: systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Antonio Garbino

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The authors proposed a systematic review on the current concepts of primary neural leprosy by consulting the following online databases: MEDLINE, Lilacs/SciELO, and Embase. Selected studies were classified based on the degree of recommendation and levels of scientific evidence according to the “Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine”. The following aspects were reviewed: cutaneous clinical and laboratorial investigations, i.e. skin clinical exam, smears, and biopsy, and Mitsuda's reaction; neurological investigation (anamnesis, electromyography and nerve biopsy; serological investigation and molecular testing, i.e. serological testing for the detection of the phenolic glycolipid 1 (PGL-I and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR; and treatment (classification criteria for the definition of specific treatment, steroid treatment, and cure criteria.

  13. [Productivity, visibility and citation analysis of the Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública, 2002-2009].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huamaní, Charles

    2010-09-01

    Biomedical journals are the most used and important venue to disseminate and interchange scientific information, and evaluation is an important component. A bibliometric study was conducted on the productivity, visibility and citation analysis of the Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública (RPMESP), from 2002 to 2009. During this period, the RPMESP published about 62 documents per year, 55.3% were research articles. The visibility of RPMESP, determined among three databases (SISBIB-UNMSM, SciELO-Peru, and REDALYC), was irregular, increasing on July 2006, with the highest access on October 2009 (117,618 hits). 43.0% of publications were cited. The calculated impact factor in ISI journals was 0.04 in 2009. In conclusion, the citation of RPMESP shows a slowly growing during the period 2002-2009. It is hoped that the RPMESP increase its visibility and impact after its inclusion in MEDLINE.

  14. PATIENT WITH DAMAGED ESPONTANEOUS VENTILATION: AN INTEGRATING REVIEW IN NURSING INTERVENTIONS ON USAGE OF ARTIFICIAL BREATHING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Augusto de Oliveira Antonucci

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the nursing interventions given to patients with a diagnosis of spontaneous ventilation in impaired use of artificial respiration. It is an integrative literature review, the databases SciELO, LILACS, BIREME and MEDLINE. We used the key words: Nursing Care; Respiration, Artificial; Intensive Care; Nursing Diagnosis. The sample consisted of 11 items. Of these, ten were equivalent to the care of nursing interventions and suggested priority and/or optional. This study demonstrated that, despite the importance of interventions applied to patients on mechanical ventilation, many are not present in the literature, since this type of patient requires intensive nursing care, extensive and complex. Therefore, we need to encourage nurses to seek evidence to substantiate their clinical practice, providing support for implementation of appropriate interventions, providing the qualification of care.

  15. Polyphenols benefits of olive leaf (Olea europaea L) to human health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Patrícia; Kasper Machado, Isabel; Garavaglia, Juliano; Zani, Valdeni Terezinha; de Souza, Daiana; Morelo Dal Bosco, Simone

    2014-12-17

    The phenolic compounds present in olive leaves (Olea europaea L.) confer benefits to the human health. To review the scientific literature about the benefits of the polyphenols of olive leaves to human health. Literature review in the LILACS-BIREME, SciELO and MEDLINE databases for publications in English, Portuguese and Spanish with the descriptors "Olea europaea", "olive leaves", "olive leaf", "olive leaves extracts", "olive leaf extracts", "phenolic compounds", "polyphenols", "oleuropein", "chemical composition", and "health". There were identified 92 articles, but only 38 related to the objectives of the study and 9 articles cited in the works were included due to their relevance. The phenolic compounds present in olive leaves, especially the oleuropein, are associated to antioxidant, antihypertensive, hypoglycemic, hypocholesterolemic and cardioprotective activity. Furthermore, studies associate the oleuropein to an anti-inflammatory effect in trauma of the bone marrow and as a support in the treatment of obesity. Copyright AULA MEDICA EDICIONES 2014. Published by AULA MEDICA. All rights reserved.

  16. Prevalencia de Síndrome Metabólico en niños y adolescentes de América

    OpenAIRE

    Romain Pierlot; Estela Cuevas-Romero; Jorge Rodríguez-Antolín; Pablo Méndez-Hernández; Margarita Martínez-Gómez

    2017-01-01

    Objetivo: Analizar la prevalencia del Síndrome Metabólico (SM) y sus componentes en niños y adolescentes del continente Americano. Método: La recopilación de la información se tomó de artículos científicos de los años 2008 al 2016 que aparecen en las bases de datos PubMed, Europe PMC y SciELO. Se incluyeron estudios que muestran datos cuantitativos de los componentes del SM en niños y/o adolescentes entre 4 y 19 años de edad. Resultados: Se analizaron 23 estudios realizados en 12 países del c...

  17. Produção científica sobre adoção por casais homossexuais no contexto brasileiro

    OpenAIRE

    Cecílio, Mariana Silva; Scorsolini-Comin, Fabio; Santos, Manoel Antônio dos

    2013-01-01

    Um dos desafios dos estudos da família contemporânea é a compreensão dos arranjos constituídos por laços socioafetivos, como na adoção, quando os pais ou mães são do mesmo sexo. Este estudo teve por objetivo investigar a produção científica brasileira acerca da homoparentalidade adotiva, entendendo-a como parte dos novos paradigmas relacionados à família e gênero. Realizou-se uma revisão sistemática da literatura científica nacional nas bases LILACS, PePSIC, SciELO e Portal Nacional BVS Brasi...

  18. Impact of late radiation effects on cancer survivor children: an integrative review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coura, Cibeli Fernandes; Modesto, Patrícia Cláudia [Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Coura, Cibeli Fernandes; Modesto, Patrícia Cláudia [Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2016-07-01

    We aimed to identify the late effects of radiation exposure in pediatric cancer survivors. An integrated literature review was performed in the databases MEDLINE and LILACS and SciELO. Included were articles in Portuguese and English, published over the past 10 years, using the following keywords: “neoplasias/neoplasms” AND “radioterapia/radiotherapy” AND “radiação/radiation”. After analysis, 14 articles - published in nine well-known journals - met the inclusion criteria. The publications were divided into two categories: “Late endocrine effects” and “Late non-endocrine effects”. Considering the increased survival rates in children who had cancer, the impact of late effects of exposure to radiation during radiological examinations for diagnosis and treatment was analyzed. Childhood cancer survivors were exposed to several late effects and should be early and regularly followed up, even when exposed to low radiation doses.

  19. THE SYSTEMATIZATION OF NURSING CARE IN BRAZILIAN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cryshna Leticia Kirchesch

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to analyze, through the integrative review, the methods used to learn Nursing Care Systematization in Brazilian Higher Education Institutions. The search was performed in the databases of LILACS and SciELO Brazil, in January 2016. The inclusion criteria were articles indexed in articles format; Written in Portuguese, English or Spanish; Of any time limit. The sample consisted of 14 articles. Among the results were established five categories: Disciplines that approach the subject; Theoretical reference used; Difficulties and facilities in teaching; Suggestions to improve student learning about the Systematization of Nursing Care; Advantages that the theme provides in academic training. It was concluded that the Systematization of Nursing Care occurs in a different way among the undergraduate courses, in which the topic is often fragmented.

  20. Educational technologies to encourage (self) care in postpartum women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Eryjosy Marculino Guerreiro; Sousa, Albertina Antonielly Sydney de; Vasconcelos, Mardênia Gomes Ferreira; Carvalho, Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima de; Oriá, Mônica Oliveira Batista; Rodrigues, Dafne Paiva

    2016-06-01

    to evaluate national and international literature regarding the use of educational technologies to encourage self care in postpartum women. an integrative review of the literature. The articles were collected from the CINAHL, SCOPUS, PubMed, SciELO, LILACS and Cochrane databases; the time period for the articles referred to January/2004 to July/2014; the languages used in the articles were Portuguese, English, Spanish and French; the articles were selected from the following descriptors: postpartum care period, educational technology, nursing and self care. Twenty-seven articles were selected for analysis Results: based on the information found, the scales, counseling and home visits were among the most recommended educational technologies. the technologies promote communication, but are sometimes dependent on computer and internet access, which hinder their use by low-income women.

  1. [Physical activity and healthy eating in Brazilian students: a review of intervention programs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Evanice Avelino de; Barbosa Filho, Valter Cordeiro; Nogueira, Júlia Aparecida Devidé; Azevedo Júnior, Mario Renato de

    2011-08-01

    This article provides a systematic literature review on physical activity and/or healthy eating interventions among Brazilian students. Complete articles published from 2004 to 2009 were searched in the SciELO, MEDLINE, and CAPES electronic databases, in the articles' references, and through contacts with authors. Six studies covered nutritional interventions, another six analyzed nutrition and physical activity, and one discussed changes in body composition. Interventions produced different results according to their objectives: increase in weekly physical activity; improvement in eating habits and knowledge on nutrition; and decrease in overweight and obesity. School health promotion programs are essential for raising awareness on the relevance of health promotion and the adoption of healthy habits. However, further longitudinal studies are needed to produce evidence on sustainability of programs and healthy habits.

  2. Produtos naturais ativadores de PPAR e marcadores associados ao processo inflamatório na Síndrome Metabólica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.F. Brito

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O processo inflamatório é o elo entre a síndrome metabólica e as doenças cardiovasculares. Para verificar a presença e o grau da inflamação, vários biomarcadores têm sido propostos e investigados. Este trabalho tem como objetivo revisar as recentes pesquisas que associam alguns marcadores expressos no tecido adiposo, enfatizando, dentre eles, a adiponectina, a resistina, a leptina e o transportador de glicose GLUT-4 na síndrome metabólica, a relação da inflamação decorrente desse conjunto de desordens metabólicas sob os receptores proliferadores peroxissomais (PPARs, bem como o efeito de diferentes extratos vegetais e produtos naturais bioativos na ativação desses receptores.

  3. Nursing: promoting the health of overweight children and adolescents in the school context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalia Costa Gonzaga

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to analyze the nursing interventions related to the competencies of health promotion of overweight children and adolescents in the school context, in light of the Galway Consensus through an integrative review. Articles published between 1988 and June, 2013 were found in the databases CINAHL, SCOPUS, MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane, LILACS and SciELO. A total of 139 publications were obtained from indexed descriptors. Ten articles were selected after reading. The most evident competencies for health promotion were: catalyzing change, needs assessment and impact assessment. The highlights were activities of health education and partnerships with other health professionals and the families of students. It was found that the skills of health promotion developed by nurses can contribute to the adoption of healthy habits by overweight children and adolescents.

  4. Ethical problems experienced by nurses in primary health care: integrative literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlise Rigon Dalla Nora

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify ethical problems experienced by nurses in primary health care and resources for coping based on publications on the subject. An integrative literature review was performed between the months of October and November 2013, using the databases: BDTD, CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE, Biblioteca Cochrane, PubMed, RCAAP and SciELO. Articles, dissertations and theses published in Portuguese, English and Spanish were included, totalling 31 studies published from 1992 to 2013. This analysis resulted in four categories: ethical problems in the relationship between team members, ethical problems in the relationship with the user, ethical problems in health services management and resources for coping with ethical problems. Results showed that nurses need to be prepared to face ethical problems, emphasizing the importance of ethics education during the education process before and during professional practice to enhance the development of ethical sensitivity and competence for problem resolution.

  5. TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY CHILDREN: A LITERATURE REVIEW

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    Denismar Borges de Miranda

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to know the scientific literature on head injury in children. Method: this study is an integrative review of published articles in the database SciELO the period 2000-2010. Results: 10 articles were analyzed, from which emerged four categories: causes of traumatic brain child infant prognosis of traumatic brain child, treating children victims of child head injury and complications of therapy used for child victims of traumatic brain injury in children. Conclusions: there is consensus among the authors investigated the factors associated with better prognosis of traumatic brain child, remain vague and uncertain. They add that the success of this customer service related to the control of complications arising from cerebral trauma and mostly are treatable and / or preventable.

  6. Adherencia a la terapia compresiva en los pacientes con úlceras venosas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen Folguera Álvarez

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar la bibliografía publicada en relación con los factores que influyen en la adherencia al tratamiento de la terapia compresiva en las personas con úlceras venosas. Método: Se ha realizado una revisión bibliográfica, consultando PubMed, BioMed Central, Library Cochrane Plus, CUIDEN, LILACS, IBECS, IME, SciELO, CINAHL, desde enero del 2003 a mayo de 2013. Resultados: Se han encontrado dieciséis documentos que cumplen los criterios de inclusión. Existen factores que influyen en la adherencia al tratamiento relacionados con los pacientes, profesionales e instituciones. Conclusiones: Se debe considerar el carácter crónico de las úlceras venosas y realizar las intervenciones, teniendo en cuenta las preferencias, conocimientos y habilidades tanto propias como de los pacientes.

  7. Los parlamentos hispano-mapuches bajo el reinado de Felipe III: la labor del padre Luis de Valdivia (1605-1617 = Os parlamentos hispânico-mapuches durante o reinado de Felipe III: a função do padre Luis de Valdivia (1605-1617 = The hispano-mapuche parlamentos under the reign of Philip III of Spain: the work of father Luis de Valdivia (1605-1617

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cepeda, José Manuel Zavala

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante o reinado de Felipe III são detectados elos intermediários entre as origens quinhentistas das instituições parlamentarias hispânico mapuches e sua etapa de plenitude, inaugurada em meados do século XVII. O grande impulsionador dos planos de pacificação no início do século XVII, foi o jesuíta Luís de Valdivia, que graças as sua aptidões diplomáticas, linguísticas e etnográficas consegue consolidar uma tradição de negociação fronteiriça hispânico-indígena marcada pela importância do diálogo, dos rituais, e da mediação linguística

  8. Ética na publicação de pesquisas sobre leishmaniose visceral humana em periódicos nacionais

    OpenAIRE

    Malafaia, Guilherme; Rodrigues, Aline Sueli de Lima; Talvani, André

    2010-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Analisar os aspectos éticos dos artigos nacionais sobre leishmaniose visceral humana publicados após a Resolução CNS 196/1996 e analisar a política de periódicos brasileiros sobre ética em pesquisa. MÉTODOS: Estudo exploratório de natureza bibliográfica e documental. A seleção das publicações sobre pesquisas envolvendo seres humanos foi realizada na base SciELO Brasil a partir de 1996. Foram analisadas lacunas relacionadas às políticas editoriais dos periódicos médicos a partir de i...

  9. Ética na publicação de pesquisas sobre leishmaniose visceral humana em periódicos nacionais Ética en la publicación de investigaciones sobre leishmaniasis visceral humana en periódicos brasileños Ethics in the publication of studies on human visceral leishmaniasis in Brazilian periodicals

    OpenAIRE

    Guilherme Malafaia; Aline Sueli de Lima Rodrigues; André Talvani

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Analisar os aspectos éticos dos artigos nacionais sobre leishmaniose visceral humana publicados após a Resolução CNS 196/1996 e analisar a política de periódicos brasileiros sobre ética em pesquisa. MÉTODOS: Estudo exploratório de natureza bibliográfica e documental. A seleção das publicações sobre pesquisas envolvendo seres humanos foi realizada na base SciELO Brasil a partir de 1996. Foram analisadas lacunas relacionadas às políticas editoriais dos periódicos médicos a partir de i...

  10. [Aged woman's vulnerability related to AIDS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Carla Marins; Lopes, Fernanda Maria do Valle Martins; Vargens, Octavio Muniz da Costa

    2010-09-01

    This article is a systhematic literature review including the period from 1994 to 2009, whose objective was to discuss the aged woman's vulnerability in relation to Acquired Imunodeficiency Syndrome (Aids). The search for scientific texts was accomplished in the following databases: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) and Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE). The descriptors used were vulnerability, woman and Aids. Eighteen texts were analyzed, including articles in scientific journals, thesis and dissertations. As a conclusion, it was noted that aged women and vulnerability to Aids are directly related, through gender characteristics including submission and that were built historical and socially. We consider as fundamental the development of studies which may generate publications accessible to women, in order to help them see themselves as persons vulnerable to Aids contagion just for being women.

  11. Suicide in elderly people: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minayo, Maria Cecília de Souza; Cavalcante, Fátima Gonçalves

    2010-08-01

    A literature review was carried out focusing on the main factors associated with suicidal ideation, attempts and completed suicide in elders. The following databases were searched: MEDLINE, PsychINFO, SciELO and Biblioteca Virtual em Violência e Saúde da BIREME (BIREME's Violence and Health Virtual Library), referring to the period from 1980 to 2008. Fifty-two references were selected and analyzed. They showed a strong relationship among suicide ideation, attempt and completion in elderly individuals, which results from the interaction of complex physical, mental, neurobiological and social factors. Suicide associated with depression in the elderly can be prevented, provided the person is properly treated. In Brazil, it is necessary to invest in research, given the persistent increase in suicide rates among aged people, especially among males.

  12. PATIENTS WITH END STAGE CANCER: LIFE HISTORY, PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL ASPECTS, RELATIONSHIP WITH THE NURSING STAFF.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanete Ribeiro do Nascimento

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Breast cancer is one of the cancers most feared by women for its high incidence and its psychological effects that affect the perception of sexuality and self-image. Objective: To identify the difficulties of nursing professionals in the treatment of patients with cancer, from the standpoint of a terminally ill patient of breast cancer. Methodology: This is a case study of a patient who is in the terminal stages of breast cancer. We carried out the survey of literature in journals indexed the databases LILACS and SciELO Open Access and English, on terminally ill cancer. Results: Feelings of loneliness and sadness were softened and smoothed by the attitude and disposition of nursing professionals. In moments of intervention needs of physical care, nursing care was provided. Conclusion: The nursing staff has always demonstrated skills in treating patients with cancer, providing quality care, humane and comprehensive, meeting all your needs biopsicoespiritual.

  13. Use of methylphenidate among medical students: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Finger

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of methylphenidate on cognitive enhancement, memory, and performance in medical students. METHODS: A review of four databases (LILACS, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and SciELO, analyzing the title and of all articles published between 1990 and 2012 in English, Portuguese, and Spanish. Selected articles were read in entirety, including in the review those that met the established criteria. RESULTS: The prevalence of use among medical students reached 16%, with no gender difference. Most students began using the drug after entering the university, and the reasons cited to justify it are related to enhancing academic performance. CONCLUSION: There is no evidence in the literature that the use of methylphenidate is beneficial in terms of memory or learning. The drug simply increases wakefulness and alertness, reducing the time of sleep.

  14. [Cardiorespiratory arrest of the adult patient in a hospital environment: nursing contributions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luzia, Melissa de Freitas; Lucena, Amália de Fátima

    2009-06-01

    The objective of this study was to analyse the scientific production regarding cardiorespiratory arrest (CA) in adult patients in a hospital environment, as to support nursing knowledge. This is a systematic review, which were used SciELO, LILACS and MEDLINE databases from 1997 to 2007. Most of the articles used in the analysis referred to the survival prognostic factors of patients submitted to cardiopulmonary ressucitation (CPR) and to the results of this intervention. The prospective studies were methodologically prevalent. The nursing scientific production was numerically small when compared to the medical area. The importance of a nursing team trained and apt for CA treatment and prevention was pointed out; continual education programs were stimulated. The conclusion is that there are few nursing studies about CPR, and continual incentive to the scientific production regarding its acting both in CA prevention and RCP management is imperative.

  15. Practical education in family planning: integrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Creusa Ferreira da Silva

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To identify educational practices in family planning, facilitating factors, difficulties and resulting impacts. Method: This is an integrative literature review, using the three descriptors: "family planning", "health education" and "contraception"; In the databases of the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS and Nursing Database (BDENF, were searched in January and February 2016. Results: Regarding the accomplishment of educational practices, most of the studies pointed out its accomplishment. The difficulties and facilitators aspects were related to the management of the health service, professional competence and users. Guarantee of family rights and autonomy were the impacts pointed out. Conclusion: The study showed that educational practices in family planning are tools to be encouraged as a guarantee and respect for sexual and reproductive rights. Descriptors: family planning; education in health; contraception.

  16. GaN-based blue laser diodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyajima, Takao; Yanashima, Katsunori; Funato, Kenji; Asatsuma, Tsunenori; Kobayashi, Toshimasa [CT Development Centre, CNC, Sony Corporation, Atsugi, Kanagawa (Japan); Tojyo, Tsuyoshi; Asano, Takeharu; Kijima, Satoru; Hino, Tomonori; Takeya, Motonobu; Uchida, Shiro; Ikeda, Masao [Sony Shiroishi Semiconductor Inc., Shiroishi, Miyagi (Japan); Tomiya, Shigetaka [Environment and Analyhsis Technology Department, Sony Corporation, Hodogaya, Yokohama (Japan)

    2001-08-13

    We report our recent progress on GaN-based high-power laser diodes (LDs), which will be applied as a light source in high-density optical storage systems. We have developed raised-pressure metal-organic chemical vapour deposition (RP-MOCVD), which can reduce the threading-dislocation density in the GaN layer to several times 10{sup 8} cm{sup -2}, and demonstrated continuous-wave (cw) operation of GaN-based LD grown by RP-MOCVD. Furthermore, we found that the epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) technique is useful for further reducing threading-dislocation density to 10{sup 6} cm{sup -2} and reducing the roughness of the cleaved facet. By using this growth technique and optimizing device parameters, the lifetime of LDs was improved to more than 1000 hours under 30 mW cw operation at 60 deg. C. Our results proved that reducing both threading-dislocation density and consumption power is a valid approach to realizing a practical GaN-based LD. On the other hand, the practical GaN-based LD was obtained when threading-dislocation density in ELO-GaN was only reduced to 10{sup 6} cm{sup -2}, which is a relatively small reduction as compared with threading-dislocation density in GaAs- and InP-based LDs. We believe that the multiplication of non-radiative centres is very slow in GaN-based LDs, possibly due to the innate character of the GaN-based semiconductor itself. (author)

  17. A Measurement of the Production of Jets in Association with a W Boson in Proton-Antiproton Collisions at the Tevatron Using Data Collected with the CDF Experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cooper, Ben D. [University Coll. London

    2006-10-01

    A measurement of the diff rential pp → W + ≥ n jets production cross-section with respect to a range of different jet kinematic variables is presented. The W is required to decay leptonically to an electron and neutrino, and the kinematics of the decay products are restricted such that the electron PT > 20 GeV, electron η < 1.1, neutrino PT > 30 GeV and the W transverse mass > 20 GeV/c2. Jets are defi using the CDF JetClu cone algorithm with a radius of R = 0.4, requiring ηjet < 2.0 and ET > 15 GeV. The jet energies are corrected individually such that they are on average equal to the energy of the hadrons within the jet, with additional correction factors being applied to account for the impact of detector resolution on the jet spectra. The diff tial cross-section is measured with respect to the fi second, third and fourth jet ET spectra, the separation in R and the invariant mass of the two leading jets. In addition, the jet ET measurements can be integrated to form W + ≥ n Jets cross-section measurements for 1,2,3 and 4 jets with a range of minimum jet ET requirements, the lowest being 15 GeV. These cross-section results are compared to Enhanced Leading Order (ELO) W + jets theoretical predictions and predictions made using the leading order CKKW and MLM matching prescriptions. The ELO predictions are not suited to describ- ing the absolute rate of W + jet production, but display success in reproducing certain relative rates, dependent on the choice of renormalisation scale. The com- parisons with matching prescriptions indicate that these new approaches could be used successfully to improve W + Jets LO predictions.

  18. Characteristics and publication patterns of theses from a Peruvian medical school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arriola-Quiroz, Isaias; Curioso, Walter H; Cruz-Encarnacion, Maria; Gayoso, Oscar

    2010-06-01

    Many medical schools require a student thesis before graduation. Publishing results in a peer-reviewed journal could be an indicator of scientific value and acceptability by the scientific community. The publication pattern of theses published by medical students in Peru is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics and publication pattern of theses in biomedical-indexed journals conducted by medical students in a university with the highest research output in Peru. Data from registered theses between 2000 and 2003 were obtained from the university library. Publication of theses in biomedical journals was assessed in 2008 by a search strategy using PubMed, Google Scholar, LILACS, LIPECS and SciELO. Four hundred and eighty-two medical theses were registered between 2000 and 2003; 85 (17.6%) were published in biomedical-indexed journals. Of the published theses, 28 (5.8%) were published in MEDLINE-indexed journals, 55 (11.4%) in SciELO-indexed journals, 61 (12.6%) in LILACS-indexed journals and 68 (14.1%) in LIPECS-indexed journals. Most of the published theses (80%) were in Spanish and published in Peruvian journals; and 17 theses (20%) were published in foreign journals (all of them indexed in MEDLINE). In addition, 37 (43.5%) belong primarily to internal medicine, and 24 (28.2%) belong primarily to infectious diseases. Medical students were first authors in 71 (83.5%) of the articles. In this study, most of the published theses were in Spanish, published in local journals and indexed in LIPECS. The percentage of published theses in biomedical journals at this university is comparable with others coming from developed countries.

  19. Aspectos determinantes do posicionamento corporal no ciclismo: uma revisão sistemática Aspects determinants of body positioning for cycling: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Francisco Kleinpaul

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Através de revisão sistemática, fez-se um levantamento de estudos que tratam do posicionamento corporal adequado para o ciclismo. Para isso, buscou-se por referências em língua Portuguesa e Inglesa, nas bases de dados LILACS, ScienceDirect, SciELO e MEDLINE. Os descritores utilizados para a busca dos artigos foram: posicionamento corporal + ciclismo; ajuste + bicicleta; postura + ciclismo; body positioning + cycling; bicycle fitting; cycling posture. Foram considerados artigos originais, de revisão simples, dissertações de mestrado e livros que tratassem de forma clara e objetiva o assunto, desde que publicados entre 1993 e 2009 (outubro. No total 20 estudos atenderam esses requisitos. De modo geral, estes sugerem que o conhecimento e habilidade para ajustar a bicicleta são úteis, no entanto, mesmo existindo protocolos para o ajuste adequado da bicicleta ao ciclista, os estudos denotam que a maioria dos ciclistas ainda as utiliza de forma errônea. Isso sugere a dificuldade de acesso aos estudos.By means of systematic review a surveying of English and Portuguese language studies concerning the expected body positioning for improvement of cycling. Search engines used were LILACS, ScienceDirect, SciELO and MEDLINE. The keywords used to find relevant papers were: posicionamento corporal + ciclismo; ajuste + bicicleta; postura + ciclismo; body positioning + cycling; bicycle fitting; cycling posture. Original papers, short review papers, master thesis and books published from 1993 to 2009 (October were considered when the main subject of discussion was the topic of interest. A total of 20 studies were considered. In general, the studies suggest that is will be useful to know about the bicycle fitting. Even so protocols for body positioning evaluation are available, most of studies concluded that cyclists are not able to use this protocol correctly. It suggests the difficult to access studies.

  20. As relações interorganizacionais na rede justa trama como um fator de sucesso na produção e comercialização dos produtos do algodão ecológico / Interorganizational relationships in justa trama network as a success factor in the production and marketing of

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilia Bonzanini Bossle

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available O comércio justo visa estabelecer uma relação comercial e de cooperação entre os elos de uma cadeia produtiva, estimulando a produção sustentável e promovendo ganhos proporcionais entre os envolvidos. Estudos anteriores analisaram outros aspectos do processo de produção do algodão agroecológico. Este trabalho teve por objetivo analisar a comercialização dos produtos da Justa Trama, bem como as relações entre os elos finais desta cadeia de produção. Para tanto, foi realizado um estudo de caso, com visitas à sede da Justa Trama, em Porto Alegre, e entrevista com a sua presidente. A entrevista seguiu um roteiro com perguntas abertas que abordaram aspectos relacionados à comercialização dos produtos da cadeia e sobre como se dá a relação entre produtores, comerciantes e consumidores. O estudo permitiu identificar que as trocas realizadas na cadeia vão além das transações de mercado. A aprendizagem, disseminação do conhecimento e transparência nas relações apareceram como fortes características das organizações.  A Justa Trama exerce um papel muito importante na comunidade onde está inserida. Com relação à comercialização dos produtos a maior parte das vendas são feitas em lojas alternativas ou feiras temáticas. Destaca-se o papel dos consumidores para o crescimento do comércio justo e da Justa Trama.

  1. Assessing the scientific research productivity of a Brazilian healthcare institution: a case study at the heart institute of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Helena Tess

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The present study was motivated by the need to systematically assess the research productivity of the Heart Institute (InCor, Medical School of the University of São Paulo, Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To explore methodology for the assessment of institutional scientific research productivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bibliometric indicators based on searches for author affiliation of original scientific articles or reviews published in journals indexed in the databases Web of Science, MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS and SciELO from January 2000 to December 2003 were used in this study. The retrieved records were analyzed according to the index parameters of the journals and modes of access. The number of citations was used to calculate the institutional impact factor. RESULTS: Out of 1253 records retrieved from the five databases, 604 original articles and reviews were analyzed; of these, 246 (41% articles were published in national journals and 221 (90% of those were in journals with free online access through SciELO or their own websites. Of the 358 articles published in international journals, 333 (93% had controlled online access and 223 (67% were available through the Capes Portal of Journals. The average impact of each article for InCor was 2.224 in the period studied. CONCLUSION: A simple and practical methodology to evaluate the scientific production of health research institutions includes searches in the LILACS database for national journals and in MEDLINE and the Web of Science for international journals. The institutional impact factor of articles indexed in the Web of Science may serve as a measure by which to assess and review the scientific productivity of a research institution.

  2. ROBOTIC SURGERY: BIOETHICAL ASPECTS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siqueira-Batista, Rodrigo; Souza, Camila Ribeiro; Maia, Polyana Mendes; Siqueira, Sávio Lana

    2016-01-01

    The use of robots in surgery has been increasingly common today, allowing the emergence of numerous bioethical issues in this area. To present review of the ethical aspects of robot use in surgery. Search in Pubmed, SciELO and Lilacs crossing the headings "bioethics", "surgery", "ethics", "laparoscopy" and "robotic". Of the citations obtained, were selected 17 articles, which were used for the preparation of the article. It contains brief presentation on robotics, its inclusion in health and bioethical aspects, and the use of robots in surgery. Robotic surgery is a reality today in many hospitals, which makes essential bioethical reflection on the relationship between health professionals, automata and patients. A utilização de robôs em procedimentos cirúrgicos tem sido cada vez mais frequente na atualidade, o que permite a emergência de inúmeras questões bioéticas nesse âmbito. Apresentar revisão sobre os aspectos éticos dos usos de robôs em cirurgia. Realizou-se revisão nas bases de dados Pubmed, SciELO e Lilacs cruzando-se os descritores "bioética", "cirurgia", "ética", "laparoscopia" e "robótica". Do total de citações obtidas, selecionou-se 17 artigos, os quais foram utilizados para a elaboração do artigo. Ele contém breve apresentação sobre a robótica, sua inserção na saúde e os aspectos bioéticos da utilização dos robôs em procedimentos cirúrgicos. A cirurgia robótica é uma realidade, hoje, em muitas unidades hospitalares, o que torna essencial a reflexão bioética sobre as relações entre profissionais da saúde, autômatos e pacientes.

  3. Description of color/race in Brazilian biomedical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Teresa Veronica Catonho; Ferreira, Luzitano Brandão

    2012-01-01

    Over recent years, the terms race and ethnicity have been used to ascertain inequities in public health. However, this use depends on the quality of the data available. This study aimed to investigate the description of color/race in Brazilian scientific journals within the field of biomedicine. Descriptive study with systematic search for scientific articles in the SciELO Brazil database. A wide-ranging systematic search for original articles involving humans, published in 32 Brazilian biomedical scientific journals in the SciELO Brazil database between January and December 2008, was performed. Articles in which the race/ethnicity of the participants was identified were analyzed. In total, 1,180 articles were analyzed. The terms for describing race or ethnicity were often ambiguous and vague. Descriptions of race or ethnicity occurred in 159 articles (13.4%), but only in 42 (26.4%) was there a description of how individuals were identified. In these, race and ethnicity were used almost interchangeably and definition was according to skin color (71.4%), ancestry (19.0%) and self-definition (9.6%). Twenty-two races or ethnicities were cited, and the most common were white (37.3%), black (19.7%), mixed (12.9%), nonwhite (8.1%) and yellow (8.1%). The absence of descriptions of parameters for defining race, as well as the use of vague and ambiguous terms, may hamper and even prevent comparisons between human groups and the use of these data to ascertain inequities in healthcare.

  4. Resistance training alone reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure in prehypertensive and hypertensive individuals: meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sousa, Evitom Corrêa; Abrahin, Odilon; Ferreira, Ana Lorena Lima; Rodrigues, Rejane Pequeno; Alves, Erik Artur Cortinhas; Vieira, Rodolfo Paula

    2017-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance training alone on the systolic and diastolic blood pressure in prehypertensive and hypertensive individuals. Our meta-analysis, followed the guidelines of PRISMA. The search for articles was realized by November 2016 using the following electronic databases: BIREME, PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS and SciELO and a search strategy that included the combination of titles of medical affairs and terms of free text to the key concepts: 'hypertension' 'hypertensive', 'prehypertensive', 'resistance training', 'strength training', and 'weight-lifting'. These terms were combined with a search strategy to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and identified a total of 1608 articles: 644 articles BIREME, 53 SciELO, 722 PubMed, 122 Cochrane Library and 67 LILACS. Of these, five RCTs met the inclusion criteria and provided data on 201 individuals. The results showed significant reductions for systolic blood pressure (-8.2 mm Hg CI -10.9 to -5.5;I 2 : 22.5% P valor for heterogeneity=0.271 and effect size=-0.97) and diastolic blood pressure (-4.1 mm Hg CI -6.3 to -1.9; I 2 : 46.5% P valor for heterogeneity=0.113 and effect size=-0.60) when compared to group control. In conclusion, resistance training alone reduces systolic and diastolic blood pressure in prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects. The RCTs studies that investigated the effects of resistance training alone in prehypertensive and hypertensive patients support the recommendation of resistance training as a tool for management of systemic hypertension.

  5. [User embracement in the Family Health Strategy in Brazil: an integrative review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garuzi, Miriane; Achitti, Maria Cecília de Oliveira; Sato, Cintia Ayame; Rocha, Suelen Alves; Spagnuolo, Regina Stella

    2014-02-01

    To review the literature regarding the application of the notion of user embracement and to identify the contributions of this concept for primary health care practices in Brazil. We carried out an integrative review of the literature regarding primary health care. The following databases were searched: LILACS, SciELO, and MEDLINE, covering the period from 2006 to 2010. The following search terms were used in LILACS and SciELO: "acolhimento" and "programa saúde da família" and "saúde". For MEDLINE, the terms "user embracement" and "family health program" and "health" were used. The review was performed in November 2010. We identified 21 articles meeting the inclusion criteria, all of which described studies carried out in Brazil. The articles were divided into three empirical categories: integration and embracement; primary care work process; and evaluation of services. These are complementary categories that converge to two main views of embracement: the first sees embracement as a means of reorganizing the primary health care environment, and the second sees embracement as an attitude towards users. The review also shows that embracement may be a management tool that supports the Unified Health System and is associated with the principles of comprehensiveness and universality. Embracement is able to create a bond between health care workers and users. It promotes self-care, a better understanding of disease, as well as user co-responsibility for treatment. In addition, it facilitates universal access, strengthens multiprofessional and intersectoral work, qualifies care, humanizes practices, and encourages actions to combat prejudice. Nevertheless, the perspective of health care users regarding embracement deserves more attention and should be the focus of future studies.

  6. Bibliometric Assessment of the Global Scientific Production of Nitazoxanide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Morales, Alfonso J; Martinez-Pulgarin, Dayron F; Muñoz-Urbano, Marcela; Gómez-Suta, Daniela; Sánchez-Duque, Jorge A; Machado-Alba, Jorge E

    2017-05-01

    Nitazoxanide is a member of a new class of drug, thiazolides, and it was discovered in 1984 with antimicrobial activity effect against anaerobic bacteria, Hepatitis virus, protozoa, and helminths. A bibliometric study on four databases (1984-2016) - Medline, Scopus, LILACS, and SciELO - characterizing the global scientific production of nitazoxanide. We determined the quantity, quality (number of citations), and types of studies developed by each country, characterizing them by years, international cooperation, development, place of publication, authors (with its H-index), and groups with higher impact. There were 512 articles in Medline - the higher scientific production is from the USA (19.71%), Switzerland (7.51%), and Mexico (7.27%). There were 1,440 articles in Scopus - from the USA (8.98%), Mexico (2.13%), and India (1.65%). There were 405 articles in LILACS - from Mexico (4.69%), the USA (4.2%), and Peru (2.47%). There were 47 articles in SciELO - from Brazil (34.04%), Venezuela (21.28%), and Colombia (14.89%). The H-index of nitazoxanide is 75 - the USA (26), Egypt (12), and Canada (10) were the countries contributing more with that. Nitazoxanide research has been highly important. Nevertheless, it is relatively limited when compared with other drugs. Its research has been led by the USA, as revealed in this bibliometric assessment. Although some developing countries, where it is used especially for protozoa and helminths, probably have its influence, and this explains the fact that Mexico and India, among others, are the top countries in the scientific production of this anti-infective agent. This bibliometric study evidenced a relatively low number of publications, however, it has been increased in recent years.

  7. Avaliação do desenpenho logístico da cadeia brasileira de suprimentos de refrigerantes Evaluation of the logistic performance of Brazil's soft drink supply chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Vieira Conceição

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo tem como objetivo avaliar o desempenho logístico de quatro elos da cadeia brasileira de suprimentos de refrigerantes (fornecedores de embalagem para refrigerantes, indústria de refrigerantes, atacado e supermercado, adotando como metodologia o survey eletrônico. As repostas foram analisadas utilizando-se os testes estatísticos Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis, além de uma análise descritiva dos dados e da realização dos testes de hipótese. As empresas avaliaram o desempenho logístico da cadeia, por meio de indicadores da logística interna e externa, e identificaram a percentagem de uso desses indicadores. A taxa média de respostas foi de 40%. A pesquisa mostrou que os elos da cadeia de refrigerantes utilizam mais os indicadores de desempenho, que avaliam a logística interna, do que os que avaliam a logística externa.An evaluation was made of the logistics performance of four links in Brazil's soft drink supply chain (soft drink packaging suppliers, soft drink industry, wholesalers and supermarkets, based on an electronic survey of 54 companies, from which a 40% response rate was obtained. The answers were analyzed based on the supply chain management theory, using the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis statistical tests and a descriptive analysis of the data. The surveyed companies evaluated the logistic performance of the chain based on indicators selected from a literature review, and identified the percentage of use of these indicators. It was found that the links in the soft drink chain preferentially use internal logistics performance indicators more than external logistics indicators.

  8. Prebióticos y su efecto en la biod sponibilidad del calcio Prebiotics and their effect on calcium bioavailability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Lavanda

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available En la búsqueda de medidas de prevención de enfermedades crónicas no trasmisibles, se piensa en los prebióticos como una forma efectiva, saludable y relativamente barata para la optimización de la absorción de Ca. El aumento de la expectativa de vida de la población y el incremento de enfermedades como la osteoporosis traen graves consecuencias a la salud del individuo, acarreando importantes desembolsos económicos. En esta revisión se condensa el conocimiento presente sobre el efecto fisiológico del consumo de carbohidratos prebióticos y su posible interferencia en la biodisponibilidad del Ca, como también las posibilidades de su empleo en estrategias para combatir las deficiencias del mineral. Se elaboró una recopilación de los estudios originales realizados con mayor impacto en el tema, dando preferencia a los publicados en los últimos 6 años. Utilizamos las bases de datos PubMed, Lilacs e SciELO, usando las palabras claves calcio, prebióticos e probióticos.The increased life expectancy and prevalence of non-communicable chronic diseases have serious health and economic consequences on the population. Among the useful tools for preventing osteoporosis, prebiotics are thought to be an effective, healthy and relatively cheap way of optimizing calcium absorption. The objective of this review was to summarize the present knowledge on the physiological effects of prebiotic carbohydrate consumption and its possible interference with calcium bioavailability. The possibility of using prebiotics to fight calcium deficiency was also assessed. The keywords calcium, prebiotics and probiotics were used to search the PubMed, Lilacs and SciELO databases for the most significant original studies on the subject published in the last 6 years.

  9. Stem cells and respiratory diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraia Carvalho Abreu

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Stem cells have a multitude of clinical implications in the lung. This article is a critical review that includes clinical and experimental studies of MedLine and SciElo database in the last 10 years, where we highlight the effects of stem cell therapy in acute respiratory distress syndrome or more chronic disorders such as lung fibrosis and emphysema. Although, many studies have shown the beneficial effects of stem cells in lung development, repair and remodeling; some important questions need to be answered to better understand the mechanisms that control cell division and differentiation, therefore enabling the use of cell therapy in human respiratory diseases.As células-tronco têm uma infinidade de implicações clínicas no pulmão. Este artigo é uma revisão crítica que inclui estudos clínicos e experimentais advindos do banco de dados do MEDLINE e SciElo nos últimos 10 anos, onde foram destacados os efeitos da terapia celular na síndrome do desconforto respiratório agudo ou doenças mais crônicas, como fibrose pulmonar e enfisema. Apesar de muitos estudos demonstrarem os efeitos benéficos das células-tronco no desenvolvimento, reparo e remodelamento pulmonar; algumas questões ainda precisam ser respondidas para um melhor entendimento dos mecanismos que controlam a divisão celular e diferenciação, permitindo o uso da terapia celular nas doenças respiratórias.

  10. Transgênicos: avaliação da possível (insegurança alimentar através da produção científica Transgenic products: a scientific-production evaluation of possible food (insecurity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Clara Coelho Camara

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Identifica e analisa criticamente a produção científica brasileira, no campo da saúde pública, sobre os organismos geneticamente modificados, no que concerne à (insegurança alimentar. Para tanto, realizou-se uma revisão bibliográfica nos portais do Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO e da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Capes. Dos 716 trabalhos encontrados, apenas oito abordam a segurança alimentar dos transgênicos, através, principalmente, da exposição aos riscos e das incertezas desses produtos para a saúde e o meio ambiente. A principal conclusão do estudo refere-se ao fato de que os oito trabalhos analisados discursam, não sobre a segurança, mas sobre a insegurança dos alimentos geneticamente modificados.Based on a bibliographic review, the article identifies and offers a critical analysis of scientific production by the public health field in Brazil on genetically modified organisms and food (insecurity. Of the 716 articles found on the portals of the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO and the Coordinating Agency for the Development of Higher Education (Capes, only 8 address the food security of transgenic products, primarily in terms of risk exposure and the uncertainties about how these products impact health and the environment. The main conclusion involves the fact that the eight analyzed articles do not speak to the question of the security but rather the insecurity of genetically modified foods.

  11. Knowledge produced on the health of low-income older women: an integrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavares, Renata Evangelista; Jesus, Maria Cristina Pinto de; Cordeiro, Samara Macedo; Machado, Daniel Rodrigues; Braga, Vanessa Augusta; Merighi, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa

    2017-01-01

    to identify the knowledge produced on the health of low-income older women. an integrative review was conducted in February 2016 on the SCOPUS, CINAHL, MEDLINE, LILACS, EMBASE, WEB OF SCIENCE databases, and in the SciELO journals directory. After the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 24 articles were selected. the knowledge produced comprises two main themes: "health in face of economic adversities" and "reciprocity in social support between low-income older women and their social network". health professionals, especially nurses, should be attentive to aspects related to social determinants and the health of low-income older women, highlighting the fact that they are not always the recipients of care. identificar o conhecimento produzido sobre a saúde das mulheres idosas de baixa renda. revisão integrativa realizada em fevereiro de 2016, nas bases de dados SCOPUS, CINAHL, MEDLINE, LILACS, EMBASE, WEB OF SCIENCE e no diretório de revistas SciELO. Após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão, foram selecionados 24 artigos. o conhecimento produzido congrega dois temas principais: "a saúde diante das adversidades econômicas" e "reciprocidade no apoio social entre as mulheres idosas de baixa renda e sua rede social". os profissionais de saúde, em especial o enfermeiro, devem atentar para aspectos relacionados aos determinantes sociais e de saúde de mulheres idosas de baixa renda, destacando-se que elas, nem sempre, são apenas receptoras de cuidado.

  12. Sexualidade de portadores do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana em face à doença: revisão integrativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Albertina Rocha Diógenes

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analisar a sexualidade de portadores do vírus da imunodeficiência humana em face à doença. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa, realizada de setembro a outubro de 2013, nas bases de dados eletrônicas SciELO, LILACS, SciELO, LILACS, MEDLINE/ PubMed e Cochrane, no período de 2003 a 2013, através dos descritores “sexualidade and HIV” e sexuality and HIV”. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 14 artigos, os quais abordaram as problemáticas enfrentadas por portadores de HIV/AIDS na vivência de sua sexualidade. As evidências mostram que há relevantes alterações nos padrões sexuais que levam os indivíduos a limitarem ou até eliminarem suas relações afetivo-sexuais. O sentimento que corrobora para isso é o medo de se ver portador de uma doença incurável, da possibilidade de transmissão vertical, da condição necessária do uso do preservativo e, ainda, de informar o diagnóstico ao parceiro e transmitir-lhe a infecção. Conclusão: Os resultados evidenciados nesta revisão proporcionam subsídios para a elaboração de novas pesquisas, assim como a consolidação do conhecimento produzido pela literatura para instrumentalizar o aperfeiçoamento de profissionais que assistem os portadores de HIV/AIDS, garantindo suporte humanizado, integral e individual.

  13. Van Gogh e o campo de trigo com corvos: da tela ao videoclipe

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    Maria Adélia Menegazzo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Há tempos sendo tema de reflexões e discussões entre pensadores, teóricos e artistas, a relação interartes se mantém e se renova nas manifestações artísticas contemporâneas. Hoje, o elo entre as artes e as discussões sobre o tema se estendem para outros campos, indo além da literatura e da pintura, e incluindo a fotografia, o cinema e, ainda, novas mídias, como a publicidade e o videoclipe. Este artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre o elo entre diferentes formas de arte, o engendramento de uma obra de arte em outra, demonstrando mecanismos do exercício interartes, a partir da tela de Vincent Van Gogh, Campo de trigo com corvos. Propõe-se, então, uma análise sobre a maneira como o tema da pintura, as cores azul e amarelo, bem como os corvos, aparecem em outras manifestações artísticas, neste caso a poesia (À luz dos vegetais, de Contador Borges, o cinema (Sonhos, de Akira Kurosawa, a música e o videoclipe (Corvos sobre o campo, da banda Tantra. Como aporte teórico, são usados os conceitos de multimídia e mixmídia, de Claus Clüver, e descrição e translação pictural, de Liliane Louvel, assim como as discussões de Thiago Soares no que diz respeito a videoclipes.

  14. Abordagem das pesquisas em epidemiologia aplicada à gerontologia no Brasil: revisão da literatura em periódicos, entre 1995 e 2005 Approach to research in epidemiology applied to gerontology in Brazil: literature review of papers published between 1995 and 2005

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    Regina Bueno Ribas Pinto

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivo realizar uma revisão da literatura de forma exploratória e descritiva, buscando determinar a abordagem das pesquisas realizadas em epidemiologia aplicada à gerontologia no Brasil. Com esse intuito, foi efetuado um levantamento bibliográfico por meio da utilização do banco de dados da biblioteca virtual do SciELO, do LILACS e do PubMed. A busca dos artigos foi feita, exclusivamente, em periódicos incluídos nestes bancos de dados, sendo realizada a procura em artigos publicados no período compreendido entre os anos de 1995 a 2005. Os resultados encontrados demonstraram uma grande diversidade e abrangência nos enfoques das pesquisas realizadas, com o predomínio de pesquisas que abordam a área de psicologia, estudos delimitados por regiões e doenças relevantes para o envelhecimento. Houve também, um aumento de forma considerável no número total de pesquisas que foram realizadas a partir do ano de 2001, com aproximadamente 18,4 % do total de artigos publicados encontrados somente no ano de 2005.The present study had the objective of carrying out an exploratory and descriptive literature review, to determine the approach of research in epidemiology applied to gerontology in Brazil. The literature review used the databases of SciELO virtual library, LILACS and PubMed, and only included papers published in journals indexed these databases, in the period between 1995 and 2005. The results found were greatly diversified and comprehensive in terms of research focus with an important prevalence of issues related to psychology and conditions associated to aging. There was also an increase in the amount of research starting from 2001, with approximately 18.4% of the total papers published in 2005.

  15. Saúde Mental no contexto da atenção básica: potencialidades, limitações, desafios do Programa Saúde da Família

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    Denize Bouttelet Munari

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Esse estudo destaca as possibilidades da inclusão da atenção em saúde mental no Programa de Saúde da Família (PSF. O objetivo foi analisar na literatura nacional as possibilidades, limites e desafios dos profissionais do PSF no enfrentamento das questões concernentes à prática. Revisão de literatura realizada em agosto/2007, na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, sendo acessadas bases LILACS e SciELO. A busca foi realizada por meio dos descritores “saúde mental”, “família”, e “programa saúde da família”, recuperando apenas artigos publicados em periódicos disponíveis nessas bases entre 1997 e 2007. Identificamos 155 títulos inicialmente que, ao serem analisados possibilitou seleção de 50 artigos (30 LILACS e 20 SciELO. Esse exercício levou a organização do material em dois pontos de convergência: 1. Programa Saúde da Família e a Reabilitação Psicossocial: o que há de comum? 2. Do descompasso aos vôos possíveis: limites, contradições, impasses e possibilidades na atenção em saúde mental no PSF. Concluímos que embora haja tendência de expansão da produção do conhecimento sobre a temática ainda é necessário investimento em iniciativas de superação do modelo assistência, que de fato tenha impacto na prática assistencial.

  16. The effects of cutbacks on motivation and knowledge sharing among nurses in primary care Áhrif niðurskurðar á starfshvata og innbyrðis þekkingarmiðlun heilsugæsluhjúkrunarfræðinga

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    Emelía Jarþrúður Einarsdóttir

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is twofold: Firstly, to examine the effects of cutbacks related to the the economic collapse on the motivating factors among nurses in primary health care and, secondly, to examine the effects of the cutbacks on the knowledge sharing within the same group. A qualitative method, the Vancouver-school of doing phenomenology, was used, involving a purposeful sample of ten nurses in primary health care. The results indicate that the cutbacks increased pressure, fatigue, lack of time and employment insecurity among the participants. Continuing education and professional development was negatively affected and job security and salaries became stronger motivating factors than before. Lack of time and a heavy workload hindered spontaneous knowledge sharing while organized knowledge sharing was less affected. From thisit can be learned that cutbacks can have serious effects on motivationalfactors among health care professionals.Tilgangur greinarinnar er tvíþættur: Í fyrsta lagi að greina áhrif niðurskurðar í kjölfar efnahagshrunsins á helstu starfshvata hjúkrunarfræðinga í heilsugæslu og í öðru lagi að greina áhrif niðurskurðarins á þekkingarmiðlun innan sama hóps. Rannsóknaraðferðin var eigindleg, byggð á Vancouver-skólanum í fyrirbærafræði. Tekin voru hálfstöðluð viðtöl við tíu hjúkrunarfræðinga sem allir starfa í heilsugæslu og voru þeir valdir með tilgangsúrtaki. Niðurstöður eru þær helstar að í kjölfar niðurskurðarins upplifðu þátttakendur aukið álag, þreytu, tímaskort og óvissu. Laun og starfsöryggi reyndust sterkari starfshvatar en áður og neikvæð áhrif komu fram á endurmenntun og starfsþróun. Tímaskortur og verkefnaálag hamlaði þekkingarmiðlun sem átti sér stað fyrir tilviljun en tekist hefur að standa vörð um þekkingarmiðlun sem var í skipulegu ferli. Vel þarf að huga að niðurskurðaraðgerðum og áhrifum þeirra

  17. The position of the political parties before the general election in 2007 from a marketing perspective Markaðsfræðilegt sjónarhorn á stöðu stjórnmálaflokka fyrir alþingiskosningarnar 2007

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    Þórhallur Guðlaugsson

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract in English is unavailable.Viðfangsefni greinarinnar er mat á staðfærslu stjórnmálaflokka og hvernig ímynd og staðfærsla tengjast faglegu markaðsstarfi, samkeppnishæfni og árangri. Fjallað er um niðurstöður rannsóknar þar sem lagt er mat á staðfærslu stjórnmálaflokka hjá ungu fólki og skoðað með hvaða hætti hún endurspeglar árangur í kosningum. Í þessu sambandi eiga stjórnmálaflokkar í nokkrum vanda. Stjórnmálaflokkar eru ekki fyrirtæki þar sem hægt er að gefa út tiltekna línu hvað samskipti og skilaboð varðar. Vissulega reyna menn þó að stilla saman strengi sína, sérstaklega í kosningabaráttunni. Þar virðast flestir flokkar leggja áherslu á loforð, þ.e. kjósi menn flokkinn þá muni þetta eða hitt gerast eða breytast eftir kosningar. Fólk virðist þó ekki gera ráð fyrir því að stjórnmálamenn standi við gefin loforð og virðast margir bera meira traust til einstaklinga almennt en stjórnmálamanna. Kjósendur hafa iðulega óljósa mynd af því fyrir hvað tiltekinn stjórnmálaflokkur stendur en ýmislegt bendir til þess að tengsl séu á milli staðfærslu og árangurs í kosningum. Þrír stjórnmálaflokkar virðast hafa skýra og afgerandi stöðu hjá ungu fólki, Sjálfstæðisflokkurinn, Vinstrihreyfingin grænt framboð og Framsóknarflokkurinn. Tveir þeirra tengjast jákvæðum eiginleikum en einn neikvæðum gildum. Tveir stjórnmálaflokkar virðast hafa óljósa stöðu í huga ungra kjósenda, Samfylkingin og Frjálslyndi flokkurinn. Hafa þarf í huga að staðfærsla verður ekki mæld í eitt skipti fyrir öll og mikilvægt að mæla hana reglulega ef niðurstöðurnar eiga að nýtast í faglegu markaðsstarfi flokkanna.

  18. El acceso a VacciMonitor puede hacerse a través de la Web of Science / Accessing VacciMonitor by the Web of Science

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    Daniel Francisco Arencibia-Arrebola

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available VacciMonitor has gradually increased its visibility by access to different databases. Thus, it was introduced in the project SciELO, EBSCO, HINARI, Redalyc, SCOPUS, DOAJ, SICC Data Bases, SeCiMed, among almost thirty well-known index sites, including the virtual libraries of the main universities from United States of America and other countries. Through an agreement SciELO-Web of Science (WoS it will be possible to include the journals that are indexed in SciELO in the WoS, however this collaboration work is already presenting its outcomes, it is possible to access the content of SciELO by WoS in the link: http://wokinfo.com/products_tools/multidisciplinar y/scielo/ WoS was designed by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI and it is one of the products of the pack ISI Web of Knowledge, currently property of Thomson Reuters (1. WoS is a service of citation index and databases, worldwide on-line leader with multidisciplinary information covering the knowledge fields of sciences in general, social sciences as well as arts and humanities with more than 46 million of bibliographical references and other hundreds of citations, that made possible navigation in the broad web of journal articles, lecture materials and other registers included in its collection (1. The logic of the functioning of WoS is based on quantitative criteria, since a bigger production demonstrates a greater number of registered papers in most recognized Journals and to what extend these papers are cited by these journals (2. The information obtained from WoS databases are very useful to address efforts of scientific research to a personal, institutional or national level. Scientists publishing in WoS journals not only produce more scientific literature but also this literature is more consulted and used (3. However, it should be considered that statistics of this site for the bibliometric analysis only take into account those journals in this web, but contains three

  19. Resultado perinatal em mulheres portadoras de hipertensão arterial crônica: revisão integrativa da literatura Resultado perinatal en mujeres que sufren de hipertensión crónica: revisión integradora de la literatura Perinatal outcome in women suffering from chronic hypertension: literature integrative review

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    Angelita José Henrique

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se identificar as principais complicações relativas à Hipertensão Arterial Crônica observadas em mulheres gestantes e conhecer a evolução nos padrões de riscos dos resultados perinatais em duas décadas. Realizou-se uma revisão integrativa da literatura com abrangência temporal entre os anos de 1990 e 2010, nas bases de dados LILACS, SciELO e MEDLINE. Entre os resultados, observou-se que gestantes hipertensas crônicas apresentaram pré-eclâmpsia sobreposta (20% a 78%, restrição do crescimento fetal (8,5% a 30,7%, prematuridade (32,4% a 86,4%, cesárea (69,2%, descolamento prematuro da placenta (3,75% a 8,4%, óbito fetal (9,5% a 27,2%, complicações cardiovasculares, renais e pulmonares maternas. Conclui-se que a associação entre hipertensão crônica e gestação mostra forte risco para complicações maternas e perinatais, principalmente quando associados à severidade e etiologia da hipertensão, não mostrando evolução no decorrer das duas décadas pesquisadas sobre o resultado perinatal.Objetivó-se identificar los patrones en la evolución del riesgo de resultados perinatales de las mujeres embarazadas con hipertensión crónica con el fin de comparar los resultados de la evolución del embarazo. Realizó-se una revisión integradora de la literatura, con lapso de tiempo entre los años 1990 y 2010, en las databases LILACS, SciELO y MEDLINE. En los resultados, fue observado que las mujeres embarazadas con hipertensión crónica apresentaran preeclampsia superpuesta (20% a 78%, restricción del crecimiento fetal (8,5% a 30,7%, prematuridad (32,4% a 86,4%, cesárea (69 2%, desprendimiento abrupto de la placenta (3,75% a 8,4%, muerte fetal (9,5% a 27,2%, complicaciones cardiovasculares, renales y pulmonares materna. Concluye-se que la asociación de hipertensión crónica y embarazo presenta riesgo importante para complicaciones maternas y perinatales, especialmente cuando se asocia con la gravedad y etiología de

  20. Sentimentos presentes nas mulheres diante da perda fetal: uma revisão Sentimientos presentes en las mujeres frente a la pérdida fetal: una revisión Women's feelings in the face of fetal loss: a review

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    Claudia Aparecida Marchetti Duarte

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available O interesse pelo tema surgiu a partir de uma pesquisa qualitativa de campo ligada a uma dissertação de mestrado atualmente em desenvolvimento junto ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Tocoginecologia da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas/Unicamp. Para obtenção dos artigos realizou-se um levantamento bibliográfico junto ao Medline, ao PsycInfo e ao SciELO, utilizando-se as palavras-chave fetal loss, stillbirth, grief, meanings, qualitative eresearch. Também foram considerados capítulos de livros de autores consagrados na área. Os artigos encontrados nas bases de dados, em consonância com os autores consagrados na área, mostram que as experiências de mulheres que sofreram perda fetal evidenciam sentimentos complexos, os quais trazem à tona conflitos relacionados à identidade feminina, ao papel da mulher na sociedade e à morte e seus tabus. O trabalho evidencia também a importância de a equipe de saúde conhecer a dinâmica emocional das mulheres que vivenciaram a experiência de perda.El interés sobre el tema surgió a partir de una investigación cualitativa de campo ligada a la disertación de la maestría (magíster, actualmente en desarrollo, del Programa de Postgrado en Tocoginecología de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas/ Unicamp. Para la obtención de los artículos ha sido realizada una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos Medline, PsycInfo y SciELO, utilizándose las siguientes palabras clave: "fetal loss", "stillbirth", "grief", "meanings" y "qualitative research". También han sido considerados capítulos de libros de autores reconocidos. Los artículos encontrados en las bases de datos, añandido a los autores en este área, nos enseñan que las experiencias de las mujeres que han sufrido una pérdida fetal evidencian sentimientos complejos, pues éstos revelan conflictos relacionados a la identidad femenina, al rol de la mujer en la sociedad, a la muerte y sus tabúes. También se destaca la importancia de que