Elastic wave scattering methods: assessments and suggestions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gubernatis, J.E.
1985-01-01
The author was asked by the meeting organizers to review and assess the developments over the past ten or so years in elastic wave scattering methods and to suggest areas of future research opportunities. He highlights the developments, focusing on what he feels were distinct steps forward in our theoretical understanding of how elastic waves interact with flaws. For references and illustrative figures, he decided to use as his principal source the proceedings of the various annual Reviews of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE). These meetings have been the main forum not only for presenting results of theoretical research but also for demonstrating the relevance of the theoretical research for the design and interpretation of experiment. In his opinion a quantitative NDE is possible only if this relevance exists, and his major objective is to discuss and illustrate the degree to which relevance has developed
Elastic scattering of positronium: Application of the confined variational method
Zhang, Junyi
2012-08-01
We demonstrate for the first time that the phase shift in elastic positronium-atom scattering can be precisely determined by the confined variational method, in spite of the fact that the Hamiltonian includes an unphysical confining potential acting on the center of mass of the positron and one of the atomic electrons. As an example, we study the S-wave elastic scattering for the positronium-hydrogen scattering system, where the existing 4% discrepancy between the Kohn variational calculation and the R-matrix calculation is resolved. © Copyright EPLA, 2012.
Simulating elastic light scattering using high performance computing methods
Hoekstra, A.G.; Sloot, P.M.A.; Verbraeck, A.; Kerckhoffs, E.J.H.
1993-01-01
The Coupled Dipole method, as originally formulated byPurcell and Pennypacker, is a very powerful method tosimulate the Elastic Light Scattering from arbitraryparticles. This method, which is a particle simulationmodel for Computational Electromagnetics, has one majordrawback: if the size of the
Direct sampling methods for inverse elastic scattering problems
Ji, Xia; Liu, Xiaodong; Xi, Yingxia
2018-03-01
We consider the inverse elastic scattering of incident plane compressional and shear waves from the knowledge of the far field patterns. Specifically, three direct sampling methods for location and shape reconstruction are proposed using the different component of the far field patterns. Only inner products are involved in the computation, thus the novel sampling methods are very simple and fast to be implemented. With the help of the factorization of the far field operator, we give a lower bound of the proposed indicator functionals for sampling points inside the scatterers. While for the sampling points outside the scatterers, we show that the indicator functionals decay like the Bessel functions as the sampling point goes away from the boundary of the scatterers. We also show that the proposed indicator functionals continuously dependent on the far field patterns, which further implies that the novel sampling methods are extremely stable with respect to data error. For the case when the observation directions are restricted into the limited aperture, we firstly introduce some data retrieval techniques to obtain those data that can not be measured directly and then use the proposed direct sampling methods for location and shape reconstructions. Finally, some numerical simulations in two dimensions are conducted with noisy data, and the results further verify the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed sampling methods, even for multiple multiscale cases and limited-aperture problems.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amos, K.; Allen, L.J.; Steward, C.; Hodgson, P.E.; Sofianos, S.A.
1995-01-01
Direct solution of the Schroedinger equation and inversion methods of analysis of elastic scattering data are considered to evaluate the information that they can provide about the physical interaction between colliding nuclear particles. It was found that both optical model and inversion methods based upon inverse scattering theories are subject to ambiguities. Therefore, it is essential that elastic scattering data analyses are consistent with microscopic calculations of the potential. 25 refs
Elastic magnetic electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sick, I.
1985-01-01
The paper surveys the field of elastic magnetic electron scattering. Magnetic scattering as a configuration analyzer; magnetic form factors of high multipole order; absolute spectroscopic factors; and non-nucleonic constituents; are all discussed. (U.K.)
Elastic scattering phenomenology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mackintosh, R.S. [The Open University, School of Physical Sciences, Milton Keynes (United Kingdom)
2017-04-15
We argue that, in many situations, fits to elastic scattering data that were historically, and frequently still are, considered ''good'', are not justifiably so describable. Information about the dynamics of nucleon-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus scattering is lost when elastic scattering phenomenology is insufficiently ambitious. It is argued that in many situations, an alternative approach is appropriate for the phenomenology of nuclear elastic scattering of nucleons and other light nuclei. The approach affords an appropriate means of evaluating folding models, one that fully exploits available empirical data. It is particularly applicable for nucleons and other light ions. (orig.)
Application of the method of hyperspherical functions to description of 16O + 16O elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nazmitdinov, R.G.; Saupe, G.
1983-01-01
The potentials of nuclear interaction of 16 O+ 16 O. have been calculated in the framework of the folding model and in the energy-density formalism using the radial density distributions of the nuclei obtained by the method of hyperspherical functions. The dependence of the cross section of the elastic scattering in this system at various incident energies on the type of the nucleon-nucleon forces and the influence of the choice of the model for the nuclear interaction potential on the results have been investigated. Identical description of elastic scattering by using the realistic nuclear interaction potential on the basis of the finite-range forces and the potential calculated with the Skyrme delta-forces, respectively, indicate that three-particle forces have to be taken into account
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mermaz, M.C.
1984-01-01
Diffraction and refraction play an important role in particle elastic scattering. The optical model treats correctly and simultaneously both phenomena but without disentangling them. Semi-classical discussions in terms of trajectories emphasize the refractive aspect due to the real part of the optical potential. The separation due to to R.C. Fuller of the quantal cross section into two components coming from opposite side of the target nucleus allows to understand better the refractive phenomenon and the origin of the observed oscillations in the elastic scattering angular distributions. We shall see that the real part of the potential is responsible of a Coulomb and a nuclear rainbow which allows to determine better the nuclear potential in the interior region near the nuclear surface since the volume absorption eliminates any effect of the real part of the potential for the internal partial scattering waves. Resonance phenomena seen in heavy ion scattering will be discussed in terms of optical model potential and Regge pole analysis. Compound nucleus resonances or quasi-molecular states can be indeed the more correct and fundamental alternative
Volterra integral equation-factorisation method and nucleus-nucleus elastic scattering
Laha, U.; Majumder, M.; Bhoi, J.
2018-04-01
An approximate solution for the nuclear Hulthén plus atomic Hulthén potentials is constructed by solving the associated Volterra integral equation by series substitution method. Within the framework of supersymmetry-inspired factorisation method, this solution is exploited to construct higher partial wave interactions. The merit of our approach is examined by computing elastic scattering phases of the α {-}α system by the judicious use of phase function method. Reasonable agreements in phase shifts are obtained with standard data.
alpha + sup 8 He elastic scattering with the generator-coordinate method
Baye, D; Kamouni, R
2000-01-01
The elastic alpha + sup 8 He phase shifts are calculated with a two-centre generator-coordinate method. The microscopic alpha and sup 8 He internal wave functions are defined in the harmonic-oscillator model. Bound states and resonances of sup 1 sup 2 Be are obtained. Among them, a 4 sup + resonance with a molecular structure should be observable in elastic scattering. The parity dependence of the microscopic phase shifts is analyzed by fitting them with simple potentials. The odd-even effect is similar in the alpha + sup 8 He and alpha + sup 6 He phase shifts for low partial waves but decreases more rapidly with increasing orbital momentum for alpha + sup 8 He. Refs. 36 (author)
Detection of Melanoma Skin Cancer by Elastic Scattering Spectra: A Proposed Classification Method
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Afshan Shirkavand
2017-09-01
Full Text Available Introduction: There is a strong need for developing clinical technologies and instruments for prompt tissue assessment in a variety of oncological applications as smart methods. Elastic scattering spectroscopy (ESS is a real-time, noninvasive, point-measurement, optical diagnostic technique for malignancy detection through changes at cellular and subcellular levels, especially important in early diagnosis of invasive skin cancer, melanoma. In fact, this preliminary study was conducted to provide a classification method for analyzing the ESS spectra. Elastic scattering spectra related to the normal skin and melanoma lesions, which were already confirmed pathologically, were provided as input from an ESS database. Materials and Methods: A program was developed in MATLAB based on singular value decomposition and K-means algorithm for classification. Results: Accuracy and sensitivity of the proposed classifying method for normal and melanoma spectra were 87.5% and 80%, respectively. Conclusion: This method can be helpful for classification of melanoma and normal spectra. However, a large body of data and modifications are required to achieve better sensitivity for clinical applications.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
I. S. Timchenko
2015-07-01
Full Text Available For calculating the radiative tails in the spectra of inelastic electron scattering by nuclei, the approximation, namely, the equivalent radiator method (ERM, is used. However, the applicability of this method for evaluating the radiative tail from the elastic scattering peak has been little investigated, and therefore, it has become the subject of the present study for the case of light nuclei. As a result, spectral regions were found, where a significant discrepancy between the ERM calculation and the exact-formula calculation was observed. A link was established between this phenomenon and the diffraction minimum of the squared form-factor of the nuclear ground state. Varieties of calculations were carried out for different kinematics of electron scattering by nuclei. The analysis of the calculation results has shown the conditions, at which the equivalent radiator method can be applied for adequately evaluating the radiative tail of the elastic scattering peak.
Frehner, Marcel; Schmalholz, Stefan M.; Saenger, Erik H.; Steeb, Holger Karl
2008-01-01
Two-dimensional scattering of elastic waves in a medium containing a circular heterogeneity is investigated with an analytical solution and numerical wave propagation simulations. Different combinations of finite difference methods (FDM) and finite element methods (FEM) are used to numerically solve
CONFERENCE: Elastic and diffractive scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
White, Alan
1989-01-01
Elastic scattering, when particles appear to 'bounce' off each other, and the related phenomena of diffractive scattering are currently less fashionable than the study of hard scattering processes. However this could change rapidly if unexpected results from the UA4 experiment at the CERN Collider are confirmed and their implications tested. These questions were highlighted at the third 'Blois Workshop' on Elastic and Diffractive Scattering, held early in May on the Evanston campus of Northwestern University, near Chicago
High energy elastic hadron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fearnly, T.A.
1986-04-01
The paper deals with the WA7 experiment at the CERN super proton synchrotron (SPS). The elastic differential cross sections of pion-proton, kaon-proton, antiproton-proton, and proton-proton at lower SPS energies over a wide range of momentum transfer were measured. Some theoretical models in the light of the experimental results are reviewed, and a comprehensive impact parameter analysis of antiproton-proton elastic scattering over a wide energy range is presented. A nucleon valence core model for high energy proton-proton and antiproton-proton elastic scattering is described
A method for analyzing elastic scattering data sampled with the SFM-detector at the CERN ISR
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Claesson, G.
1983-01-01
This paper describes a method for determination of the squared 4-momentum transfer, t, in elastic collisions sampled with the Split-Field-Magnet detector (SFM) at the CERN ISR. The t-values are calculated from the measured scattering angles and initial momenta of the beam particles. The method determines t with a relative error of 2percent in Monte-Carlo generated elastic events. The method seems to be effective in rejecting inelastic events by means of a chi 2 -test. (author)
Coulomb correction to elastic. alpha. -. alpha. scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bera, P.K.; Jana, A.K.; Haque, N.; Talukdar, B. (Department of Physics, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan-731235, West Bengal, India (IN))
1991-02-01
The elastic {alpha}-{alpha} scattering is treated within the framework of a generalized phase-function method (GPFM). This generalization consists in absorbing the effect of Coulomb interaction in the comparison functions for developing the phase equation. Based on values of scattering phase shifts computed by the present method, it is concluded that the GPFM provides an uncomplicated approach to rigorous Coulomb correction in the {alpha}-{alpha} scattering.
Kimoto, K.; Hirose, S.
2002-05-01
This paper presents a boundary integral equation method for 3D ultrasonic scattering problems in a fluid-loaded elastic half space. Since full scale of numerical calculation using finite element or boundary element method is still very expensive, we formulate a boundary integral equation for the scattered field, which is amenable to numerical treatment. In order to solve the problem using the integral equation, however, the wave field without scattering objects, so-called free field need to be given in advance. We calculate the free field by the plane wave spectral method where the asymptotic approximation is introduced for computational efficiency. To show the efficiency of our method, scattering by a spherical cavity near fluid-solid interface is solved and the validity of the results is discussed.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Arretche, F.; Mazon, K.T.; Michelin, S.E.; Fujimoto, M.M.; Iga, I.; Lee, M.-T.
2008-01-01
Iterative Schwinger variational methods and the method of continued fractions, widely used for electron-molecule scattering, are applied for the first time to investigate positron-molecule interactions. Specifically, integral and differential cross sections for elastic positron scattering by CO in the (0.5-20) eV energy range are calculated and reported. In our calculation, a static plus correlation-polarization potential is used to represent the collisional dynamics. Our calculated results are in general agreement with the theoretical and experimental data available in the literature
Elastic electron scattering from the DNA bases: cytosine and thymine
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Colyer, C J; Bellm, S M; Lohmanny, B; Blanco, F; Garcia, G
2012-01-01
Relative elastic differential cross sections for elastic scattering from cytosine and thymine have been measured using the crossed beam method. The experimental data are compared with theoretical cross sections calculated by the screen corrected additivity rule method.
Kaspar, Jan; Deile, M
The seemingly simple elastic scattering of protons still presents a challenge for the theory. In this thesis we discuss the elastic scattering from theoretical as well as experimental point of view. In the theory part, we present several models and their predictions for the LHC. We also discuss the Coulomb-hadronic interference, where we present a new eikonal calculation to all orders of alpha, the fine-structure constant. In the experimental part we introduce the TOTEM experiment which is dedicated, among other subjects, to the measurement of the elastic scattering at the LHC. This measurement is performed primarily with the Roman Pot (RP) detectors - movable beam-pipe insertions hundreds of meters from the interaction point, that can detect protons scattered to very small angles. We discuss some aspects of the RP simulation and reconstruction software. A central point is devoted to the techniques of RP alignment - determining the RP sensor positions relative to each other and to the beam. At the end we pres...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dolmashkin, A A; Dubrovskii, V A; Zabenkov, I V [V.I.Razumovsky Saratov State Medical University, Saratov (Russian Federation)
2012-05-31
The possibility is demonstrated to determine the human blood group by recording the scattering of laser radiation with the help of the digital imaging method. It is experimentally shown that the action of a standing ultrasound wave leads to acceleration of the agglutination reaction of red blood cells, to formation of larger immune complexes of red blood cells, and, as a consequence, to acceleration of their sedimentation. In the absence of agglutination of red blood cells the ultrasound does not enhance the relevant processes. This difference in the results of ultrasound action on the mixture of blood and serum allows a method of blood typing to be offered. Theoretical modelling of the technique of the practical blood typing, carried out on the basis of the elastic light scattering theory, agrees well with the experimental results, which made it possible to plan further improvement of the proposed method. The studies of specific features of sedimentation of red blood cells and their immune complexes were aimed at the optimisation of the sample preparation, i.e., at the search for such experimental conditions that provide the maximal resolution of the method and the device for registering the reaction of red blood cells agglutination. The results of the study may be used in designing the instrumentation for blood group assessment in humans.
Elastic and inelastic heavy ion scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Toepffer, C.; University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg; Richter, A.
1977-02-01
In the field of elastic and inelastic heavy ion scattering, the following issues are dealt with: semiclassical descriptive approximations, optical potentials, barriers, critical radii and angular momenta, excitation functions and the application to superheavy ions and high energies. (WL) [de
Elastic scattering of slow positrons by helium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amusia, M.Ya.; Cherepkov, N.A.; Chernysheva, L.V.; Shapiro, S.G.
1976-01-01
The s-, p-, d- and f-wave phaseshifts for elastic scattering of slow positrons by He are calculated using a simplified version of the random phase approximation with exchange, with virtual positronium formation effect taken into account. (author)
Determination of the fast neutrons spectra by the Elastic scattering method (n, p)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Elizalde D, J.
1973-01-01
This work consists in determining the fast neutron spectra emitted by a Pu-Be isotopic source. The implemented technique is based in the spectrometry (n, p). This consists in making to fall on a fast neutrons beams (polyenergetic) over a thin film of hydrogenated material, detecting the spectra of emitted protons at a fix angle. The polyethylene film and the used solid state detector are inside of a vacuum chamber. The detector is placed at 30 degree with respect to direction of the incident neutrons beam. The protons spectra is stored in a multichannel. the energy is obtained with the prior calibration of the system. The data processing involves the transformation of the protons spectra observed at the falling on neutrons spectra over the film. The energy of the neutrons is related with that of the protons, according to the collision kinematical equations. The cross section of elastic collision of the neutrons with the hydrogen atoms is obtained from literature. Applying these relations to the observed spectra it is obtained the falling on neutron spectra over the film. (Author)
High multipolarity elastic magnetic electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
DeVries, H.; DeWitt-Huberts, P.; Dieperink, A.E.L.; Donnelly, T.W.
1977-01-01
Elastic magnetic electron scattering calculations were performed for 93 Nb and 87 Sr. A comparison is made between proton and neutron radial distributions for a given shell obtained by measurements on odd-proton and odd-neutron nuclei as above in the same region of the periodic table. The experimental data are from previous work in the presented plots of the electron elastic magnetic scattering for strontium 87 as functions of momentum transfer. 5 references
Numerical solution of acoustic scattering by finite perforated elastic plates.
Cavalieri, A V G; Wolf, W R; Jaworski, J W
2016-04-01
We present a numerical method to compute the acoustic field scattered by finite perforated elastic plates. A boundary element method is developed to solve the Helmholtz equation subjected to boundary conditions related to the plate vibration. These boundary conditions are recast in terms of the vibration modes of the plate and its porosity, which enables a direct solution procedure. A parametric study is performed for a two-dimensional problem whereby a cantilevered perforated elastic plate scatters sound from a point quadrupole near the free edge. Both elasticity and porosity tend to diminish the scattered sound, in agreement with previous work considering semi-infinite plates. Finite elastic plates are shown to reduce acoustic scattering when excited at high Helmholtz numbers k 0 based on the plate length. However, at low k 0 , finite elastic plates produce only modest reductions or, in cases related to structural resonance, an increase to the scattered sound level relative to the rigid case. Porosity, on the other hand, is shown to be more effective in reducing the radiated sound for low k 0 . The combined beneficial effects of elasticity and porosity are shown to be effective in reducing the scattered sound for a broader range of k 0 for perforated elastic plates.
Scattering of elastic waves by thin inclusions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Simons, D.A.
1980-01-01
A solution is derived for the elastic waves scattered by a thin inclusion. The solution is asymptotically valid as inclusion thickness tends to zero with the other dimensions and the frequency fixed. The method entails first approximating the total field in the inclusion in terms of the incident wave by enforcing the appropriate continuity conditions on traction and displacement across the interface, then using these displacements and strains in the volume integral that gives the scattered field. Expressions are derived for the far-field angular distributions of P and S waves due to an incident plane P wave, and plots are given for normalized differential cross sections of an oblate spheroidal tungsten carbide inclusion in a titanium matrix
On the K+-nucleus elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ning, P.; Men, D.
1991-01-01
In this paper conventional and unconventional nuclear medium effects in the K + scattering are briefly reviewed. Microscopic calculations of the K + elastic scattering on 4 He, 12 C, 40 Ca, 120 Sn at 800 MeV/c are performed and then possible swellings of nucleons in nuclei are discussed
Analysis of electron elastic scattering at high momentum
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bellicard, J.B.
Limits in the analysis of electron elastic scattering experiments using phenomenological models are recalled. Two new analysis methods (Sick and Negele models) where model dependence is reduced, are developed. Preliminary results on an electron scattering experiment on 58 Ni at high momentum, recently performed at Saclay, are presented [fr
Improved Systematic of pp Elastic Scattering Data
Uzhinsky, V.
2012-01-01
Unified systematic of elastic scattering data (USESD) proposed by the authors (arxiv:1111.4984 [hep-ph]) is based on symmetrized 2-dimensional Fermi distribution for pp elastic scattering amplitude in the impact parameter representation. It allows to describe differential cross sections of the reactions up to |t| ~ 1.75 (GeV/c)$^2$. To extend it to higher |t| values we consider a two coherent exponential parametrization of the cross sections and show that it cannot describe the cross sections at small |t| at $P_{lab}>$ 10 GeV/c. We extract a description of high |t| region from the parameterization and couple it with USESD. As a result, we obtained a good description of all pp elastic scattering data at $P_{lab}>$ 10 GeV/c. It can be easily used in Glauber Monte Carlo codes for calculations of nucleus-nucleus interaction properties.
Nucleon elastic and quasielastic scattering on vanadium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Titarenko, N.N.; Isakov, A.G.; Rudenskaya, E.O.
1988-01-01
A unified set of parameters of the neutron optical potential for the 51 V nucleus is searched in the energy range 10 keV - 32 MeV so as to obtain a good agreement with all the available data. These include neutron strength function and elastic scattering data, as well as the neutron total cross sections and (p,n) isobaric analog state quasielastic scattering data
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gauron, P. [Theory Group, Laboratoire de Physique Nucleaire et des Hautes Energies (LPNHE), CNRS, and Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (France)]. E-mail: gauron@in2p3.fr; Nicolescu, B. [Theory Group, Laboratoire de Physique Nucleaire et des Hautes Energies (LPNHE), CNRS, and Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (France)]. E-mail: nicolesc@lpnhep.in2p3.fr; Selyugin, O.V. [BLTP, JINR, Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: selugin@thsun1.jinr.ru
2005-11-24
A new method for the determination of the real part of the elastic scattering amplitude is examined for high energy proton-proton at small momentum transfer. This method allows us to decrease the number of model assumptions, to obtain the real part in a narrow region of momentum transfer and to test different models. The real part is computed at a given point t{sub min} near t=0 from the known Coulomb amplitude. Hence one obtains an important constraint on the real part of the forward scattering amplitude and therefore on the {rho}-parameter (measuring the ratio of the real to imaginary part of the scattering amplitude at t=0), which can be tested at LHC.
Elastic proton-proton scattering at RHIC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yip, K.
2011-09-03
Here we describe elastic proton+proton (p+p) scattering measurements at RHIC in p+p collisions with a special optics run of {beta}* {approx} 21 m at STAR, at the center-of-mass energy {radical}s = 200 GeV during the last week of the RHIC 2009 run. We present preliminary results of single and double spin asymmetries.
Elastic and inelastic electron and muon scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hand, L.N.
1977-01-01
The current status of experiments in the field of elastic and inelastic electron and muon scattering is discussed. The talk is divided into discussions of the single arm inclusive experiments at SLAC and Fermilab; the multiparticle inclusive experiments at SLAC, Fermilab und Cornell, and a description of selected results from exclusive channel measurements on electroproduced final states. (orig.) [de
Elastic electron scattering and muonic atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sick, I.
1975-01-01
The discussion of elastic electron scattering covers (e,e) at large q, linked to it the investigation of isotone pairs, and experiments concerning the higher multipole moments of the ground state density. The corresponding μ-x-ray work is discussed in parallel
Hadron elastic scattering at small angles
2002-01-01
This experiment is an extension of the measurements of the WA9 experiment up to the highest energies available in the North Area. It will measure the differential cross-section for hadron elastic scattering in the t-range 0.002-0.05 (GeV/c)$^{2}$ using an ionization chamber for the measurement of the energy and the angle of the recoil and a magnet-WC spectrometer to measure the momentum and direction of the forward particle. From these measurements will be obtained the ratio $\\rho$ of the real to imaginary parts of the forward elastic amplitude and the exponential slope parameter b of the hadronic amplitude at small t. The precision expected in these measurements is $\\Delta \\rho \\approx \\pm 0.01$ and $\\Delta$b $\\approx \\pm 0.2$ (GeV/c)$^{-2}$. \\\\ \\\\ The experimental programme includes: \\\\\\\\ i) measurements of $\\rho$ and b for $\\pi$p elastic scattering at incident momenta between 150 GeV/c and 300 GeV/c; \\\\ ii) measurements of $\\rho$ and b for $\\pi^{+}$p and pp elastic scattering at incident momenta between 5...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brice, S. J. [Fermilab; Cooper, R. L. [Indiana U.; DeJongh, F. [Fermilab; Empl, A. [Houston U.; Garrison, L. M. [Indiana U.; Hime, A. [Los Alamos; Hungerford, E. [Houston U.; Kobilarcik, T. [Fermilab; Loer, B. [Fermilab; Mariani, C. [Virginia Tech.; Mocko, M. [Los Alamos; Muhrer, G. [Los Alamos; Pattie, R. [North Carolina State U.; Pavlovic, Z. [Los Alamos; Ramberg, E. [Fermilab; Scholberg, K. [Duke U.; Tayloe, R. [Indiana U.; Thornton, R. T. [Indiana U.; Yoo, J. [Fermilab; Young, A. [North Carolina State U.
2014-04-03
We present an experimental method for measuring the process of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CENNS). This method uses a detector situated transverse to a high-energy neutrino beam production target. This detector would be sensitive to the low-energy neutrinos arising from decay-at-rest pions in the target. We discuss the physics motivation for making this measurement and outline the predicted backgrounds and sensitivities using this approach. We report a measurement of neutron backgrounds as found in an off-axis surface location of the Fermilab Booster Neutrino Beam (BNB) target. The results indicate that the Fermilab BNB target is a favorable location for a CENNS experiment.
Robust parameterization of elastic and absorptive electron atomic scattering factors
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Peng, L.M.; Ren, G.; Dudarev, S.L.; Whelan, M.J.
1996-01-01
A robust algorithm and computer program have been developed for the parameterization of elastic and absorptive electron atomic scattering factors. The algorithm is based on a combined modified simulated-annealing and least-squares method, and the computer program works well for fitting both elastic and absorptive atomic scattering factors with five Gaussians. As an application of this program, the elastic electron atomic scattering factors have been parameterized for all neutral atoms and for s up to 6 A -1 . Error analysis shows that the present results are considerably more accurate than the previous analytical fits in terms of the mean square value of the deviation between the numerical and fitted scattering factors. Parameterization for absorptive atomic scattering factors has been made for 17 important materials with the zinc blende structure over the temperature range 1 to 1000 K, where appropriate, and for temperature ranges for which accurate Debye-Waller factors are available. For other materials, the parameterization of the absorptive electron atomic scattering factors can be made using the program by supplying the atomic number of the element, the Debye-Waller factor and the acceleration voltage. For ions or when more accurate numerical results for neutral atoms are available, the program can read in the numerical values of the elastic scattering factors and return the parameters for both the elastic and absorptive scattering factors. The computer routines developed have been tested both on computer workstations and desktop PC computers, and will be made freely available via electronic mail or on floppy disk upon request. (orig.)
Elastic scattering of low energy electrons by hydrogen molecule
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Freitas, L.C.G.; Mu-Tao, L.; Botelho, L.F.
1987-01-01
The coherent version of the Renormalized Multiple-Centre Potential Model (RMPM) has been extended to treat the elastic scattering of low energy electrons by H2 molecule. The intramolecular Multiple Scattering (MS) effect has also been included. The comparison against the experimental data shows that the inclusion of the MS improves significantly with experiment. The extension of the present method to study electron-polyatomic molecule interaction is also discussed. (author) [pt
Elastic scattering of gamma radiation in solids
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Goncalves, O.D.
1987-01-01
The elastic scattering of gamma rays in solids is studied: Rayleigh scattering as well as Bragg scattering in Laue geometries. We measured Rayleigh cross sections for U, Pb, Pt, W, Sn, Ag, Mo, Cd, Zn, and Cu with gamma energies ranging from 60 to 660 KeV and angles between 5 0 and 140 0 . The experimental data are compared with form factor theories and second order perturbation theories and the limits of validity of both are established. In the 60 KeV experiment, a competition between Rayleigh and Bragg effects is found in the region of low momentum transfer. The Bragg experiments were performed using the gamma ray diffractometer from the Hahn-Meitner Institut (Berlin) with gammas of 317 KeV and angles up to 2 0 . In particular, we studied the effect of annealing in nearly perfect Czochralski Silicon crystals with high perfection in the crystallographic structure. The results are compared with Kinematical and Dynamical theories. (author)
New focus for elastic and diffractive scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kwiecinski, J.
1995-01-01
A regular feature of the international physics calendar is the International Conference on Elastic and Diffractive Scattering, known also as the Blois Workshops, after their 1985 birthplace in France. The content of this year's meeting embraced a broad spectrum of problems ranging from the classical analysis of elastic scattering and total cross-sections to the ''hard'' or deep inelastic phenomena which test the underlying quark-gluon structure of hadrons. These meetings have traditionally concentrated on broad questions of elastic and diffractive scattering, however the shift of emphasis in physics is now reflected at Blois by interest in the wide range of 'soft' hadronic processes which dominate reaction cross-sections. On the traditional side, a substantial part of the conference was devoted to analysis of forward scattering parameters like total cross-sections, real parts etc, using dispersion relations and fundamental asymptotic theorems which bound the possible growth of those parameters with energy. The present experimental situation in this field was summarized by S. Pruss, followed by theoretical presentations by B. Nicolescu, A. Donnachie, T.T. Wu, A. Martin and others. The data for proton-proton and proton-antiproton scattering seem to support dominance of the 'crossing-even' part of the scattering amplitude (which contributes equally to both proton-proton and protonantiproton scattering), with little evidence for a substantial 'odderon' term which contributes with opposite sign in the two cases. The 'pomeron' physics of high energy behaviour was a central feature of the conference. The experimental data seem to suggest that behaviour with increasing energy depends on the magnitude of the scale which characterizes the process - i.e. whether the process is ''soft'' or ''hard''. Hard processes, in general, show a much more rapid increase with increasing
Quasi-Elastic Light Scattering in Ophthalmology
Ansari, Rafat R.
The eye is not just a "window to the soul"; it can also be a "window to the human body." The eye is built like a camera. Light which travels from the cornea to the retina traverses through tissues that are representative of nearly every tissue type and fluid type in the human body. Therefore, it is possible to diagnose ocular and systemic diseases through the eye. Quasi-elastic light scattering (QELS) also known as dynamic light scattering (DLS) is a laboratory technique routinely used in the characterization of macromolecular dispersions. QELS instrumentation has now become more compact, sensitive, flexible, and easy to use. These developments have made QELS/DLS an important tool in ophthalmic research where disease can be detected early and noninvasively before the clinical symptoms appear.
Elastic and quasielastic scattering of light nuclei in the theory of multiple scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ismatov, E.I.; Kuterbekov, K.A.; Dzhuraev, Sh.Kh.; Ehsaniyazov, Sh.P.; Zholdasova, S.M.
2005-01-01
In the work the calculation method for diffraction scattering amplitudes of light nuclei by heavy nuclei is developed. For A 1 A 2 -scattering effects of pair-, three-fold, and four-fold screenings are estimated. It is shown, that in amplitude calculations for A 1 A 2 elastic scattering it is enough come to nothing more than accounting of total screenings in the first order. Analysis of nucleus-nucleus scattering sensitive characteristics to choice of single-particle nuclear densities parametrization is carried out
Elastic scattering of electrons by atomic hydrogen
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fon, W.C.
1977-03-01
The three-state (ls-2s-2p) close-coupling calculation of Burke for e-H elastic differential cross-section does not agree with the measurement of Williams at angles below 70 degrees. The discrepancy is attributed to the limited number of partial waves being included in the calculation. However, the present calculation shows that even if the number of partial waves were to be increased to infinitely large, it would not resolve the discrepancy. Polarization of the atom is found to play a dominant role in the forward scattering direction. Using the ls-2p pseudo-state approximation, full polarization has been taken into present calculations, which are in good agreement with the measurements of Williams at energies ranging from 1-200 eV and at almost all angles. At energies above 400 eV, the unitarized Born approximation converges to Born approximation and the simple Born approximation seems to be sufficient to describe the elastic scattering process
Neutron elastic scattering at very small angles
2002-01-01
This experiment will measure neutron-proton elastic scattering at very small angles and hence very small four-momentum transfer, |t|. The range of |t| depends on the incident neutron momentum of the events but the geometrical acceptance will cover the angular range 0.025 < $\\Theta_{lab}$ < 1.9 mrad. The higher figure could be extended to 8.4 mrad by changing the geometry of the experiment in a later phase. \\\\ \\\\ The neutron beam will be highly collimated and will be derived from a 400 GeV external proton beam of up to $4 \\times 10^{10}$ protons per pulse in the SPS North Area Hall 1. The hydrogen target will be gaseous, operating at 40 atm. pressure and acts as a multiwire proportional chamber to detect the recoil protons. The forward neutron will be detected and located by interaction in a neutron vertex detector and its energy measured by a conventional steel plate calorimeter. \\\\ \\\\ The experiment will cover the angular region of nucleon-nucleon scattering which is dominated by Coulomb scattering ...
Kinematic aspects of pion-nucleus elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Weiss, D.L.; Ernst, D.J.
1982-01-01
The inclusion of relativistic kinematics in the theory of elastic scattering of pions from nuclei is examined. The investigation is performed in the context of the first order impulse approximation which incorporates the following features: (1) Relative momentum are defined according to relativistic theories consistent with time reversal invariance. (2) The two-nucleon interaction is a new, multichannel, separable potential model consistent with the most recent data derived from a recent nonpotential model of Ernst and Johnson. (3) The recoil of the pion-nucleon interacting pair and its resultant nonlocality are included. (4) The Fermi integral is treated by an optimal factorization approximation. It is shown how a careful definition of an intrinsic target density leads to an unambiguous method for including the recoil of the target. The target recoil corrections are found to be large for elastic scattering from 4 He and not negligible for scattering from 12 C. Relativistic potential theory kinematics, kinematics which result from covariant reduction approaches, and kinematics which result from replacing masses by energies in nonrelativistic formulas are compared. The relativistic potential theory kinematics and covariant reduction kinematics are shown to produce different elastic scattering at all pion energies examined (T/sub π/<300 MeV). Simple extensions of nonrelativistic kinematics are found to be reasonable approximations to relativistic potential theory
Generalizations of Karp's theorem to elastic scattering theory
Tuong, Ha-Duong
Karp's theorem states that if the far field pattern corresponding to the scattering of a time-harmonic acoustic plane wave by a sound-soft obstacle in R2 is invariant under the group of rotations, then the scatterer is a circle. The theorem is generalized to the elastic scattering problems and the axisymmetric scatterers in R3.
Forward elastic scattering above the physical threshold
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Avila, R.F. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Matematica, Estatistica e Computacao Cientifica; Menon, M.J. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica Gleb Wataghin
2006-07-01
Making use of the 'extended derivative dispersion relations', recently introduced by Avila and Menon, we analyze forward elastic proton-proton and antiproton-proton scattering at any energy above the physical threshold ({radical}s=2m{sub p} {approx} 1,88 GeV). The analysis is based on an analytical parametrization for the total cross section with leading triple pole pomeron (high energies) and full nondegenerated secondary reggeons (intermediate and low energies). Experimental data on total cross section and the ratio r between the real and imaginary parts of the forward amplitude are simultaneously fitted with the CERN-Minuit code and energy cutoff at 4 GeV. We show that, the results are exactly the same as those obtained through standard integral dispersion relations. Physical implications of the results in the pomeron-reggeon context are also discussed. (author)
Effects of nuclear elastic scattering in magnetic confinement plasmas
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Matsuura, Hideaki
2015-01-01
When the parameter regions of magnetically confined D-T and D- 3 He nuclear fusion plasma are assumed, the nuclear elastic scattering appearing in these plasmas is as follows. The following are quantitatively explained: (1) formation of knock-on tail on the ion velocity distribution function due to nuclear elastic scattering, (2) change in nuclear fusion reaction rate coefficient due to the change in velocity distribution function via nuclear elastic scattering, (3) effects of nuclear elastic scattering on the reaction product ions and neutron emission spectrum, and (4) effects of nuclear elastic scattering on the energy distribution ratio toward the ion group and electron group in the deceleration process of fast ions in the plasma. The formation of the knock-on tail is an energy addition process to the bulk ion group due to the nuclear elastic scattering of fast ions. When nuclear elastic scattering is neglected, the deceleration of reaction product protons is underestimated, and so the equilibrium distribution function of high-speed region is overestimated by up to about 40%. On the other hand, thermal component is underestimated by about 40%. Nuclear elastic scattering possibly affects the trajectory of fast ions in magnetic configuration. (A.O.)
Elastic scattering and charge exchange reactions with exotic beams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Roussel-Chomaz, P.; Cortina-Gil, M.D.; Mittig, W.; Alamanos, N.; Auger, F.; Fekou-Youmbi, V.; Barrette, J.; Blumenfeld, Y.; Frascaria, N.; Al-Khalili, J.
1996-01-01
The elastic scattering of 6 He, 10,11 Be secondary beams on a (CH 2 ) 3 target and the charge exchange reaction p( 6 He, 6 Li)n have been measured. Very good agreement was found for the 6 He+ 12 C data with a four-body eikonal scattering model. A microscopic optical potential was used to reproduce the proton-nucleus elastic scattering data. (author)
Critical points for electron–Mg atom elastic scattering
Kumar, Ashok; Kumar, Sunil; Rastogi, Nikhil; Raj, Deo
2018-02-01
The partial wave method, along with a central potential which includes the effects of static field, exchange, polarization, absorption and spin–orbit interaction, is employed to search the critical points for the elastic scattering of electrons from Mg atoms. A novel iterative procedure is developed to calculate the critical points. A pilot application is made for Mg atoms. The present investigation shows the existence of two critical point pairs (E c1 = 15.4484 eV, θ c1 = 56.930°) and (E c2 = 75.6175 eV, θ c2 = 104.261°) for the Mg atom. At critical energy E c2 and scattering angles 104.175° and 104.325°, 99% spin polarization of scattered electrons is obtained. To the best of our knowledge, no theoretical or experimental determination of critical points for the Mg (Z = 12) atom have yet been published.
Elastic electron scattering from the DNA bases cytosine and thymine
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Colyer, C. J.; Bellm, S. M.; Lohmann, B.; Blanco, F.; Garcia, G.
2011-01-01
Cross-section data for electron scattering from biologically relevant molecules are important for the modeling of energy deposition in living tissue. Relative elastic differential cross sections have been measured for cytosine and thymine using the crossed-beam method. These measurements have been performed for six discrete electron energies between 60 and 500 eV and for detection angles between 15 deg. and 130 deg. Calculations have been performed via the screen-corrected additivity rule method and are in good agreement with the present experiment.
7Li neutron-induced elastic scattering cross section measurement using a slowing-down spectrometer
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Heusch M.
2010-10-01
Full Text Available A new integral measurement of the 7Li neutron induced elastic scattering cross section was determined in a wide neutron energy range. The measurement was performed on the LPSC-PEREN experimental facility using a heterogeneous graphite-LiF slowing-down time spectrometer coupled with an intense pulsed neutron generator (GENEPI-2. This method allows the measurement of the integral elastic scattering cross section in a slowing-down neutron spectrum. A Bayesian approach coupled to Monte Carlo calculations was applied to extract naturalC, 19F and 7Li elastic scattering cross sections.
Analysis of the low-energy $\\pi^\\pm p$ elastic-scattering data
Matsinos, Evangelos; Rasche, Guenther
2012-01-01
We report the results of a phase-shift analysis (PSA) of the low-energy $\\pi^\\pm p$ elastic-scattering data. Following the method which we had set forth in our previous PSA (Matsinos et al., 2006), we first investigate the self-consistency of the low-energy $\\pi^\\pm p$ elastic-scattering databases, via two separate analyses of (first) the $\\pi^+ p$ and (subsequently) the $\\pi^- p$ elastic-scattering data. There are two main differences to our previous PSA: a) we now perform only one test for ...
Elastic scattering and (p,n) reactions with secondary beams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Orr, N.A.
1998-01-01
To study nuclear mass distribution in 6 He we carried out elastic scattering measurements on the p( 6 He, 6 He)p reaction and on the exchange reaction p( 6 He, 6 Li)n. This experiment was one of the first measurements of a direct reaction induced by a secondary beam produced by fragmentation. At the same time the elastic reaction of 10 Be was measured. The results o these reactions show that the utilized method SISSI for producing secondary beam and SPEG as energy-loss-spectrometer is a very powerful technology, namely, providing a very high energy and angular resolution for reaction products. Data from this experiment were analyzed while their interpretation resulting from the comparison with calculations is underway
Uniqueness in inverse elastic scattering with finitely many incident waves
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Elschner, Johannes; Yamamoto, Masahiro
2009-01-01
We consider the third and fourth exterior boundary value problems of linear isotropic elasticity and present uniqueness results for the corresponding inverse scattering problems with polyhedral-type obstacles and a finite number of incident plane elastic waves. Our approach is based on a reflection principle for the Navier equation. (orig.)
Full determination of the dp backward elastic scattering matrix element
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ladygin, V.P.; Ladygina, N.B.
1996-01-01
The model-independent analysis of the dp elastic scattering in the collinear geometry has been performed. It is shown that the measurements of 10 polarization observables of the first and second order realize the complete experimental program on the determination of the amplitudes of the dp backward elastic reaction. 23 refs
α4He elastic scattering at high energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Usmani, A.A.; Usmani, Q.N.
1988-03-01
Differential cross sections for α 4 He elastic scattering have been calculated at incident α particle momenta of 4.32, 5.07 and 7.0 GeV/c within the framework of the Glauber multiple scattering theory. The full Glauber amplitude is calculated using the Monte Carlo method for evaluating multidimensional integrals. We find that, in general, the more realistic double Gaussian model for the density brings theory closer to experiment as compared to the generally used single Gaussian model. Our results with the double Gaussian model are in fairly good agreement with the experimented data at 4.32 and 5.07 GeV/c. (author). 11 refs, 4 figs, 1 tab
Elastic Electron Scattering from Tritium and Helium-3
Collard, H.; Hofstadter, R.; Hughes, E. B.; Johansson, A.; Yearian, M. R.; Day, R. B.; Wagner, R. T.
1964-10-01
The mirror nuclei of tritium and helium-3 have been studied by the method of elastic electron scattering. Absolute cross sections have been measured for incident electron energies in the range 110 - 690 MeV at scattering angles lying between 40 degrees and 135 degrees in this energy range. The data have been interpreted in a straightforward manner and form factors are given for the distributions of charge and magnetic moment in the two nuclei over a range of four-momentum transfer squared 1.0 - 8.0 F{sup -2}. Model-independent radii of the charge and magnetic moment distributions are given and an attempt is made to deduce form factors describing the spatial distribution of the protons in tritium and helium-3.
Diffraction model analysis of pion-12C elastic scattering at 800 MeV ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Elastic scattering of 800 MeV/c pions by 12C has been studied in the diffraction model with a view to determine pion optical potential by the method of inversion. Finding an earlier diffraction model analysis to be deficient in some respects, we propose a Glauber model based parametrization for the elastic -matrix and show ...
14O+p elastic scattering in a microscopic cluster model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Descouvemont, P.; Baye, D.; Leo, F.
2006-01-01
The 14O+p elastic scattering is analyzed in a fully microscopic cluster model. With the Resonating Group Method associated with the microscopic R-matrix theory, phase shifts and cross sections are calculated. Data on 16O+p are used to test the precision of the model. For the 14O+p elastic scattering, an excellent agreement is found with recent experimental data. Resonances properties in 15F are discussed
Quasi-elastic neutron scattering studies of protein dynamics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rorschach, H.E.
1993-01-01
Results that shed new light on the study of protein dynamics were obtained by quasi-elastic neutron scattering. The triple axis instrument H-9 supplied by the cold source was used to perform a detailed study of the quasi-elastic spectrum and the Debye-Waller factor for trypsin in powder form, in solution, and in crystals. A preliminary study of myoglobin crystals was also done. A new way to view the results of quasi-elastic scattering experiments is sketched, and the data on trypsin are presented and analyze according to this new picture
Proton elastic scattering from stable and unstable nuclei - Extraction of nuclear densities
Sakaguchi, H.; Zenihiro, J.
2017-11-01
Progress in proton elastic scattering at intermediate energies to determine nuclear density distributions is reviewed. After challenges of about 15 years to explain proton elastic scattering and associated polarization phenomena at intermediate energies, we have reached to some conclusions regarding proton elastic scattering as a means of obtaining nuclear densities. During this same period, physics of unstable nuclei has become of interest, and the density distributions of protons and neutrons play more important roles in unstable nuclei, since the differences in proton and neutron numbers and densities are expected to be significant. As such, proton elastic scattering experiments at intermediate energies using the inverse kinematic method have started to determine density distributions of unstable nuclei. In the region of unstable nuclei, we are confronted with a new problem when attempting to find proton and neutron densities separately from elastic proton scattering data, since electron scattering data for unstable nuclei are not presently available. We introduce a new means of determining proton and neutron densities separately by double-energy proton elastic scattering at intermediate energies.
Elastic electron-deuteron scattering in vectorlike theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gakh, G.I.
1979-01-01
The P odd effects caused by neutral weak currents in the elastic electron-deuteron scattering have been investigated in the vectorlike theories. Cross sections for scattering of both nonpolarized and longitudinally polarized electrons by the deuterons which have both vector and tensor polarizations have been calculated. The general case of the P invariance violation in the elastic electron-deuteron scattering amplitude is considered. The P invariance is violated both in the lepton and the hadron vertices. The vectorlike theory is a particular case when the P invariance is violated only in the hadron vertex
Analysis of elastic scattering at low momentum transfer
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pumplin, J.
1991-11-01
A method for analyzing high energy elastic scattering data is described, which improves on previous methods to extract σ tot , σ el , B, and ρ=ReM(0)/ImM(0) from experiment by properly allowing for the curvature of 1ndσ/dt with t. The method is used to make a critical analysis of data at √s=19.4, 546, and 1800 GeV. It is found that previous analyses systematically underestimate the forward slope B. The large value of ρ obtained by UA4 at √s=546 GeV is shown to be doubtful. The method described here should aid in the analysis of forthcoming data from UA4/2 and E710. (orig.)
Asymptotic perturbative QCD in elastic scattering, color transparency and ANN
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Botts, J.
1989-01-01
Sorting out the various perturbative contributions to wide angel elastic hadron-hadron scattering has been the subject of recent enquiry. Distinguishing the various contributions are the transverse size of the external hadrons and the interaction region and restrictions on the internal momenta flows. For wide angle elastic hadron-hadron scattering, the interaction between two types of perturbative processes, multiple and single scattering, can be the source of interference phenomena and interesting physics. In the following, after a brief description of the leading and non-leading processes, we shall give a picture of what perturbative QCD may have to say about elastic scattering, color transparency and the spin asymmetry, A NN . 9 refs., 5 figs
Electron and positron atomic elastic scattering cross sections
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Stepanek, Jiri
2003-01-01
A method was developed to calculate the total and differential elastic-scattering cross sections for incident electrons and positrons in the energy range from 0.01 eV to 1 MeV for atoms of Z=1-100. For electrons, hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, oxygen, krypton, and xenon, and for positrons, helium, neon, and argon atoms were considered for comparison with experimental data. First, the variationally optimized atomic static potentials were calculated for each atom by solving the Dirac equations for bound electron states. Second, the Dirac equations for a free electron or positron are solved for an atom using the previously calculated static potential accomplished (in the case of electrons) by 'adjusted' Hara's exchange potential for a free-state particle. Additional to the exchange effects, the charge cloud polarization effects are considered applying the correlation-polarization potential of O'Connell and Lane (with correction of Padial and Norcross) for incident electrons, and of Jain for incident positrons. The total, cutoff and differential elastic-scattering cross sections are calculated for incident electrons and positrons with the help of the relativistic partial wave analysis. The solid state effects for scattering in solids are described by means of a muffin-tin model, i.e. the potentials of neighboring atoms are superpositioned in such a way that the resulting potential and its derivative are zero in the middle distance between the atoms. The potential of isolated atom is calculated up to the radius at which the long-range polarization potential becomes a value of -10 -8
PNESD proton nucleus elastic scattering data
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
DayDay, N.
1979-12-01
The data file PNESD contains numerical data and the related bibliography for the differential elastic cross sections, polarization and integral nonelastic cross sections for protons of 3 MeV to 1000 MeV incident on natural elements and their isotopes. The file can be obtained on magnetic tape free of charge from the IAEA Nuclear Data Section. (author)
Exchange interpretation of anomalous back angle heavy ion elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zisman, M.S.
1977-10-01
Anomalous back angle oscillations in the angular distributions obtained in the elastic scattering of 16 O + 28 Si and 12 C + 28 Si have been interpreted in terms of an elastic cluster transfer comparable to that observed in other heavy ion reactions. The calculations appear to at least qualitatively explain the data with respect to the existence and phase of the back angle oscillations. The results indicate that an exchange mechanism may play an important role in the oscillations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Husin Wagiran; Wan Mohd Nasir Wan Kadir
1997-01-01
In neutron scattering processes, the effect of multiple scattering is to cause an effective increase in the measured cross-sections due to increase on the probability of neutron scattering interactions in the sample. Analysis of how the effective cross-section varies with thickness is very complicated due to complicated sample geometries and the variations of scattering cross-section with energy. Monte Carlo method is one of the possible method for treating the multiple scattering processes in the extended sample. In this method a lot of approximations have to be made and the accurate data of microscopic cross-sections are needed at various angles. In the present work, a Monte Carlo simulation programme suitable for a small computer was developed. The programme was capable to predict the number of neutrons scattered from various thickness of aluminium samples at all possible angles between 00 to 36011 with 100 increments. In order to make the the programme not too complicated and capable of being run on microcomputer with reasonable time, the calculations was done in two dimension coordinate system. The number of neutrons predicted from this model show in good agreement with previous experimental results
Elastic scattering and low PT physics at ISR energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Giacomelli, G.
1986-01-01
There is now a good knowledge of the forward parameters in pp and antipp elastic scattering at ISR energies. The experimental data suggest that in antipp elastic scattering the dip at /t/ ∼ 50 GeV. There are non statistical fluctuations for the average transverse momentum. The radius of the pion emitting region, as computed from the study of Bose-Einstein correlations, is the same for pp and antipp interactions. The multiplicity distribution in the KNO form has a y-dependence. 10 refs
Potential model description of heavy ion elastic and inelastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Satchler, G.R.
1976-01-01
Calculations for a potential-model description of heavy-ion elastic and inelastic scattering attempt to follow the readjustments that the two ions must make as they begin to interact and imply modifications of the kinetic energy of relative motion as well as the potential energy. Phenomenology and the data, deep or shallow potentials, inelastic scattering, and folded potential models are treated with particular emphasis on the last
K-p elastic scattering at high energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Covolan, R.J.M.
1985-01-01
The K - p elastic scattering is analysed in the following energy range 4,5 ≤ √s ≤ 19,5 GeV. The scattering amplitude is supposed pure imaginary and a numerical fit of the differential cross section is made. By means of the Chou-Yang model is obtained the form factor and mean square radius of the K - and compared with the experimental data. (author) [pt
Complex variable methods in elasticity
England, A H
2003-01-01
The plane strain and generalized plane stress boundary value problems of linear elasticity are the focus of this graduate-level text, which formulates and solves these problems by employing complex variable theory. The text presents detailed descriptions of the three basic methods that rely on series representation, Cauchy integral representation, and the solution via continuation. Its five-part treatment covers functions of a complex variable, the basic equations of two-dimensional elasticity, plane and half-plane problems, regions with circular boundaries, and regions with curvilinear bounda
Spin polarization effects in low-energy elastic electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Beerlage, M.J.M.
1982-01-01
This work describes experiments on the role of spin polarization in elastic electron scattering. Chapter I introduces the topic and in chapter II elastic scattering of 10-50 eV electrons from Ar and Kr in the angular range between 40 0 and 110 0 is studied. Noble gases have been chosen as targets in view of their relative theoretical simplicity. Below 25 eV scattered intensities measured by various authors exhibit severe disagreements. However, in the entire energy range, the spin polarization results can reasonably well be used to point out the shortcomings of the available theoretical data. The main topic of chapter III is the first attempt to determine the magnitude of a polarization phenomenon - in elastic electron scattering from the optically active camphor molecule - of which the existence has recently been predicted qualitatively from the absence of parity symmetry in such molecules. Besides these studies on gaseous targets the author has initiated a scattering experiment on crystal surfaces, using spin polarized electrons. Within the framework of this project a large new experimental arrangement has been built up. It consists of a spin polarized electron source and a LEED scattering chamber. Design, construction and test results, showing the usefulness of the set-up, are described in the last chapter. (Auth.)
Hulthén potential models for α−α and α−He3 elastic scattering
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2017-02-09
Feb 9, 2017 ... The merit of our approach is examined by computing elastic scattering phases through the judicious use of the phase function method. Reasonable agreements in scattering phase shifts are obtained with the standard data. Keywords. Nuclear Hulthén potential; phase function method; scattering phase ...
Rayleigh scattering and nonlinear inversion of elastic waves
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gritto, Roland [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
1995-12-01
Rayleigh scattering of elastic waves by an inclusion is investigated and the limitations determined. In the near field of the inhomogeneity, the scattered waves are up to a factor of 300 stronger than in the far field, excluding the application of the far field Rayleigh approximation for this range. The investigation of the relative error as a function of parameter perturbation shows a range of applicability broader than previously assumed, with errors of 37% and 17% for perturbations of -100% and +100%, respectively. The validity range for the Rayleigh limit is controlled by large inequalities, and therefore, the exact limit is determined as a function of various parameter configurations, resulting in surprisingly high values of up to k_{p}R = 0.9. The nonlinear scattering problem can be solved by inverting for equivalent source terms (moments) of the scatterer, before the elastic parameters are determined. The nonlinear dependence between the moments and the elastic parameters reveals a strong asymmetry around the origin, which will produce different results for weak scattering approximations depending on the sign of the anomaly. Numerical modeling of cross hole situations shows that near field terms are important to yield correct estimates of the inhomogeneities in the vicinity of the receivers, while a few well positioned sources and receivers considerably increase the angular coverage, and thus the model resolution of the inversion parameters. The pattern of scattered energy by an inhomogeneity is complicated and varies depending on the object, the wavelength of the incident wave, and the elastic parameters involved. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the direction of scattered amplitudes to determine the best survey geometry.
Alpha-deuteron elastic scattering around 40 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
De, A.; Karmakar, S.; Roychaudhury, T.; Dasgupta, S.S.; Chintalapudi, S.N.; Ismail, M.; Banerjee, S.R.; Divatia, A.S.
1989-01-01
Differential cross section for alpha-deuteron elastic scattering has been measured at several energies around 40 MeV incident alpha. General behaviour of angular distributions remaining close to that predicted by Faddeev type calculations, a sharp energy dependence is observed. (author). 8 refs
Information on pion-nucleus optical potentials from elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Friedman, E.
1983-02-01
Data on the elastic scattering of pions by nuclei between 20 and 230 MeV is analyzed in an almost model-independent fashion. The real part of the potential, which is described by a bias-free Fourier-Bessel series, is found to have the typical Kisslinger or Laplacian-like shape between 30 and 80 MeV
Elastic scattering of surface plasmon polaritons: Modeling and experiment
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I.; Coello, V.
1998-01-01
excitation wavelengths (594 and 633 nm) and different metal (silver and gold) films. The near-field optical images obtained are related to the calculated SPP intensity distributions demonstrating that the model developed can be successfully used in studies of SPP elastic scattering, e.g., to design...
Proton-deuteron elastic scattering for E > 0
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alt, E.O.; Mukhamedzhanov, A.M.; Sattarov, A.I.
1999-01-01
We report on the first reliable numerical results for proton-deuteron elastic scattering observables for energies above the deuteron breakup threshold, for the Paris potential. The calculations have been performed within the screening and renormalisation approach. The theoretical results are compared with recent experimental data. Refs. 12, fig. 1 (author)
Quasi-elastic laser light scattering study of polyacrylamide hydrogel ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Quasi-elastic laser light scattering study of polyacrylamide hydrogel immersed in water and salt solutions. M Sivanantham B V R Tata. Conributed Papers Volume 75 Issue 6 December 2010 pp 1209-1214 ... The value of the plateau was found to depend on NaCl concentration and was higher than that of water. Collective ...
Proton-proton elastic scattering with massive gluons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sauter, Werner K.; Ducati, M.B. Gay
2001-01-01
In this contribution different approaches to generate a gluon mass are discussed. More specially a recent result for the gluon propagator with a dynamical mass, proposal by Gorbar and Natale, is used in connection with the Landshoff-Nachtmann model for the Pomeron to describe the elastic differential cross section for pp scattering, with good agreement. (author)
Elastic scattering and reactions of light exotic beams
Keeley, N.; Alamanos, N.; Kemper, K. W.; Rusek, K.
2009-10-01
The present work provides a literature survey of elastic scattering of exotic nuclei from 6He to 17F. It presents a set of definitions that allow different analyses to be put into a common language. A calculational approach is proposed that yields consistent results across different beams and targets so that conclusions concerning the influence of virtual and real breakup as well as transfer couplings on the elastic scattering may be drawn. Calculations of elastic scattering around the Coulomb barrier are emphasised, employing a Pb target whose large Z allows the interplay between nuclear and Coulomb forces to be exploited to maximise possible effects arising from proton or neutron haloes or skins. A series of test calculations is performed and where possible compared to data, demonstrating that there are instances where coupling to transfer channels can have a large effect on the elastic scattering angular distributions. By careful choice of target/beam combination, different aspects of the coupling effects may be emphasised.
Elastic scattering of neutrinos by electrons and protons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hedin, D.
1985-01-01
Measurements of the cross sections for neutrino and antineutrino elastic scattering by both electrons and protons are presented. These measurements were done at the Brookhaven AGS by the E734 Collaboration (Brookhaven/Brown/KEK/Osaka/Pennsylvania/Stony Brook). These results are then used to determine the weak mixing angle sin 2 theta/sub w/. 6 refs., 3 figs
Large-t elastic scattering and diffraction dissocation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Timmermans, J.
1985-01-01
Recent results, both from the ISR and the S anti p pS Collider, on proton-antiproton elastic scattering at large values of the four-momentum transfer squared, are presented. The results are compared with predictions of several theoretical models of high-energy collisions. Single diffraction dissociation at the Collider is also discussed. (author)
Large-t elastic scattering and diffraction dissocation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Timmermans, J.
1985-05-01
Recent results, both from the ISR and the SantippS Collider, on proton-antiproton elastic scattering at large values of the four-momentum transfer squared, are presented. The results are compared with predictions of several theoretical models of high-energy collisions. Single diffraction dissociation at the Collider is also discussed. (orig.)
The second Born approximation of electron–argon elastic scattering ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We study the elastic scattering of atomic argon by electron in the presence of a bichromatic laser ﬁeld in the second Born approximation. The target atom is approximated by a simple screening potential and the continuum states of the impinging and emitting electrons are described as Volkov states. We evaluate the S-matrix ...
The second Born approximation of electron–argon elastic scattering ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abstract. We study the elastic scattering of atomic argon by electron in the presence of a bichro- matic laser field in the second Born approximation. The target atom is approximated by a simple screening potential and the continuum states of the impinging and emitting electrons are described as Volkov states. We evaluate ...
Phenomenological models of elastic nucleon scattering and predictions for LHC
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Kašpar, J.; Kundrát, Vojtěch; Lokajíček, Miloš; Procházka, J.
2010-01-01
Roč. 843, č. 1 (2010), s. 84-106 ISSN 0550-3213 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LA08015 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100502 Keywords : high energy elastic hadron scattering Subject RIV: BF - Elementary Particles and High Energy Physics Impact factor: 4.642, year: 2010
Nucleon momentum distributions and elastic electron scattering form ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 78; Issue 5 ... The nucleon momentum distributions (NMD) and elastic electron scattering form factors of the ground state for 1p-shell nuclei with = (such as 6Li, 10B, 12C and 14N nuclei) have been calculated in the framework of the coherent density ﬂuctuation ...
Quasi-elastic neutron scattering study of dynamics in condensed ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
S MITRA and R MUKHOPADHYAY. Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085, India. E-mail: smitra@apsara.barc.ernet.in. Abstract. Quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) technique, known to study stochas- tic motions has been successfully used to elucidate the molecular motions ...
Do we understand elastic scattering up to LHC energies?
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Soffer, Jacques [Physics Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122-6082 (United States)
2013-04-15
The measurements of high energy (bar sign)pp and pp elastic at ISR, SPS, and Tevatron colliders have provided usefull informations on the behavior of the scattering amplitude. A large step in energy domain is accomplished with the LHC collider presently running, giving a unique opportunity to improve our knowledge on the asymptotic regime of the elastic scattering amplitude and to verify the validity of our theoretical approach, to describe the total cross section {sigma}{sub tot}(s), the total elastic cross section {sigma}{sub el}(s), the ratio of the real to imaginary parts of the forward amplitude {rho}(s) and the differential cross section d{sigma} (s,t)/dt.
A Neutron Elastic Diffuse Scattering Study of PMN
Xu, Guangyong; Shirane, G.; Copley, J. R. D.; Gehring, P. M.
2003-01-01
We have performed elastic diffuse neutron scattering studies on the relaxor Pb(Mg$_{1/3}$Nb$_{2/3}$)O$_3$ (PMN). The measured intensity distribution near a (100) Bragg peak in the (hk0) scattering plane assumes the shape of a butterfly with extended intensity in the (110) and (1$\\bar{1}$0) directions. The temperature dependence of the diffuse scattering shows that both the size of the polar nanoregions (PNR) and the integrated diffuse intensity increase with cooling even for temperatures belo...
Elastic and inelastic atomic beam scattering from Ni(115)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aten, R.M.
1985-01-01
Scattered angular intensities of the elastic diffraction of nearly monoenergetic helium beam from a Ni(115) crystalline surface in the [552] direction at a variety of incident energies and polar angles was measured. A method is developed of mapping the corrugation parameters from the hard-wall diffraction model, which fit the experimental data, to the corrugation parameters in the soft wall (Morse potential) model. The experimental data was fit by the soft wall model with only minor adjustments of the mapped corrugation parameters for well depth of 8.0 MeV and a steepness parameter of 2.2 reciprocal angstroms. The inelastic scattering of argon at an incident angle of 30 0 for a variety of incident energies and surface temperatures was measured both as a function of reflected angle and as a function of time for narrow incident pulse shapes at the angle corresponding to the backscattered rainbow maximum in the [552] direction, and at the specular angle in the [110] direction. The angular scans show the intensity is peaked at a backscattered rainbow angle in the [552] direction, and is peaked at the specular angle in the [110] direction. The time-of-flight measurements show that a linear relationship between the reflected energy and the incident energy and between the reflected energy and the surface temperature is obeyed
Antinucleon-nucleus elastic and inelastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dover, C.B.; Millener, D.J.
1985-01-01
A general overview of the utility of antinucleon (anti N)-nucleus inelastic scattering studies is presented, emphasizing both the sensitivity of the cross sections to various components of the N anti N transition amplitudes and the prospects for the exploration of some novel aspects of nuclear structure. We start with an examination of the relation between NN and N anti N potentials, focusing on the coherences predicted for the central, spin-orbit and tensor components, and how these may be revealed by measurements of two-body spin observables. We next discuss the role of the nucleus as a spin and isospin filter, and show how, by a judicious choice of final state quantum numbers (natural or unnatural parity states, isospin transfer ΔT = 0 or 1) and momentum transfer q, one can isolate different components of the N anti N transition amplitude. Various models for the N anti N interaction which give reasonable fits to the available two-body data are shown to lead to strikingly different predictions for certain spin-flip nuclear transitions. We suggest several possible directions for future anti N-nucleus inelastic scattering experiments, for instance the study of spin observables which would be accessible with polarized anti N beams, charge exchange reactions, and higher resolution studies of the (anti p, anti p') reaction. We compare the antinucleon and the nucleon as a probe of nuclear modes of excitation. 40 refs., 13 figs
Elastic positron-cadmium scattering at low energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bromley, M. W. J.; Mitroy, J.
2010-01-01
The elastic and annihilation cross sections for positron-cadmium scattering are reported up to the positronium-formation threshold (at 2.2 eV). The low-energy phase shifts for the elastic scattering of positrons from cadmium were derived from the bound and pseudostate energies of a very large basis configuration-interaction calculation of the e + -Cd system. The s-wave binding energy is estimated to be 126±42 meV, with a scattering length of A scat =(14.2±2.1)a 0 , while the threshold annihilation parameter, Z eff , was 93.9±26.5. The p-wave phase shift exhibits a weak shape resonance that results in a peak Z eff of 91±17 at a collision energy of about 490±50 meV.
The analysis of the elastic scattering of 11Be and 6Li by adiabatic approximation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Takagi, S.
2000-01-01
The unstable nuclei, particularly, the neutron halo nuclei which exist near by the neutron dripline, are recently one of the interesting topics in the nuclear physics. By the adiabatic approximation, R. C. Jhonson et al. have reproduced the experimental differential cross-section of the elastic scattering of the neutron halo nucleus 11 Be (+ l2 C) [1]. We have applied their method to the elastic scattering of another nucleus 6 Li which is not a halo nucleus but has the cluster structure as 11 Be. But it couldn't reproduce the experimental data, so that the method of Johnson et al. is poor in the case of 6 Li. (author)
Elastic scattering of light neutron rich exotic beams on a proton target
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cortina-Gil, M.D.; Roussel-Chomaz, P.; Mittig, W.; Casandjian, J.M.; Chartier, M.; Alamanos, N.; Auger, F.; Fekou-Youmbi, V.; Barrette, J.; Blumenfeld, Y.; and others.
1996-01-01
The elastic scattering of 6 He, 10,11 Be secondary beams on a (CH 2 ) 3 target has been measured. A microscopic optical potential was used to reproduce the proton-nucleus elastic scattering data. (author)
$pp$ Elastic Scattering at LHC and Nucleon Structure
Islam, M M; Prokudin, A V
2003-01-01
High energy elastic pp differential cross section at LHC at the c.m. energy 14 TeV is predicted using the asymptotic behavior of sigma-tot(s) and rho(s), and the measured pbar-p differential cross section at sqrt{s}=546 GeV. The phenomenological investigation has progressively led to an effective field theory model that describes the nucleon as a chiral bag embedded in a quark-antiquark condensed ground state. The measurement of pp elastic scattering at LHC up to large |t| >~ 10 GeV^2 by the TOTEM group will be crucial to test this structure of the nucleon.
Tensor polarization in pion-deuteron elastic scattering
Ungricht, E.; Freeman, W. S.; Geesaman, D. F.; Holt, R. J.; Specht, J. R.; Zeidman, B.; Stephenson, E. J.; Moses, J. D.; Farkhondeh, M.; Gilad, S.; Redwine, R. P.
1985-03-01
Angular distributions of the deuteron tensor polarization, t20, in π-d elastic scattering have been measured at pion energies of 180, 220, and 256 MeV. The experiment and analysis are described in detail. Theoretical calculations in which the effects of pion absorption on the elastic channel are small seem to reproduce the data. An excitation function was measured in order to search for a rap- id energy dependence of t20. No rapid angular or energy dependence was found near a pion energy of 134 MeV, where other experiments have suggested the existence of dibaryon resonances.
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 15n ions by 11B at 84 MeV
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. T. Rudchik
2014-09-01
Full Text Available Angular distributions of the 11B + 15N elastic and inelastic scattering were measured at Elab (15N = 84 MeV. The data were analyzed within the optical model and coupled-reaction-channels method. The elastic and inelastic scattering, reorientations of 11B and 15N in ground and excited states as well as the important one- and two-step transfer reactions were included in the channels-coupling-scheme. The 11B + 15N optical potential parameters as well as deformation parameters of these nuclei were deduced. The contributions of one- and two-step transfers in the 11B + 15N elastic and inelastic scattering channels were estimated.
Effect of channel coupling on the elastic scattering of lithium isotopes
Furumoto, T.; Suhara, T.; Itagaki, N.
2018-04-01
Herein, we investigated the channel coupling (CC) effect on the elastic scatterings of lithium (Li) isotopes (A =6 -9) for 12C and 28Si targets at E /A =50 -60 MeV. The wave functions of the Li isotopes were obtained using the stochastic multi-configuration mixing method based on the microscopic-cluster model. The proton radii of the 7Li, 8Li, and 9Li nuclei became smaller as the number of valence neutrons increased. The valence neutrons in the 8Li and 9Li nuclei exhibited a glue-like behavior, thereby attracting the α and t clusters. Based on the transition densities derived from these microscopic wave functions, the elastic-scattering cross section was calculated using a microscopic coupled-channel method with a complex G -matrix interaction. The existing experimental data for the elastic scatterings of the Li isotopes and 10Be nuclei were well reproduced. The Li isotope elastic cross sections were demonstrated for the 12C and 28Si targets at E /A =53 MeV. The glue-like effect of the valence neutrons on the Li isotope was clearly demonstrated by the CC effect on elastic scattering. Finally, we realize that the valence neutrons stabilized the bindings of the core parts and the CC effect related to core excitation was indeed reduced.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kocic, A.
1974-01-01
Anisotropy of neutron elastic scattering is a problem of special importance in solving the Boltzmann transport equation numerically. This is not the case when Monte Carlo method is applied. Estimation of the influence of elastic scattering anisotropy on the neutron flux is treated in order to justify the application of Monte Carlo method which is computer time consuming. Correlation procedure was applied for the study of this influence. One group case was used as an example to enable comparison of other methods
Analysis of the angular distributions of elastically scattered neutrons for 235U
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sukhovitskij, E.Sh.; Benderskij, A.R.; Konshin, V.A.
1976-01-01
Experimental data on the angular distributions of 0.5-15 MeV neutrons elastically scattered by 235 U nuclei are analysed on the basis of Bessel functions and Legendre polynomial expansions. The advantages of the method are that there are no negative cross-sections and relatively few expansion coefficients and that experimental data on scattering at 0 0 and 180 0 are not needed. (author)
Small angle elastic scattering of electrons by noble gas atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wagenaar, R.W.
1984-01-01
In this thesis, measurements are carried out to obtain small angle elastic differential cross sections in order to check the validity of Kramers-Kronig dispersion relations for electrons scattered by noble gas atoms. First, total cross sections are obtained for argon, krypton and xenon. Next, a parallel plate electrostatic energy analyser for the simultaneous measurement of doubly differential cross section for small angle electron scattering is described. Also absolute differential cross sections are reported. Finally the forward dispersion relation for electron-helium collisions is dealt with. (Auth.)
Elastic scattering of positrons off rare-gas atoms
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bhattacharyya, S.; Talukdar, B. (Department of Physics, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan-731 235 (India)); Mandal, P. (Department of Mathematics, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan-731 235 (India))
1995-01-01
A simple potential model proposed for the elastic scattering of positrons off rare-gas atoms is used to compute low-energy phase shifts and differential scattering cross sections [sigma]([theta]) for positrons incident on [sub 10]Ne, [sub 18]Ar, and [sub 36]Kr at energies 20, 3.4, and 6.67 eV, respectively. The calculated results for [sigma]([theta]) are in good agreement with currently available experimental values and are as reliable as the numbers obtained from much more elaborate calculations. It is pointed out that an important virtue of the present model is its simplicity.
Isobaric intermediate states in proton-nucleus elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Auger, J.P.; Lazard, C.; Lombard, R.J.
1981-05-01
The effects of the propagation of isobaric nucleon states in the intermediate steps of the multiple scattering have been studied with application on the proton- 4 He elastic scattering at 1 GeV. The calculations are performed in the Glauber model and results are given for the differential cross section, the polarization and the spin rotation parameter. In our conclusions we stress the large cancellations observed between terms of various orders and the great sensitivity of the effects to the nucleon-nucleon amplitudes
Proton-proton elastic scattering measurements at COSY
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagdasarian, Zara [Forschungszentrum Juelich, Juelich (Germany); Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi (Georgia); Collaboration: ANKE-Collaboration
2014-07-01
To construct the reliable phase shift analysis (PSA) that can successfully describe the nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction it is necessary to measure variety of experimental observables for both proton-proton (pp) and neutron-proton (np) elastic scattering. The polarized beams and targets at COSY-ANKE facility allow a substantial contribution to the existing database. The experiment was carried out in April 2013 at ANKE using a transversely polarized proton beam incident on an unpolarized hydrogen cluster target. Six beam energies of T{sub p}=0.8,1.6,1.8,2.0,2.2,2.4 GeV were used. The aim of this talk is to present the preliminary results for the analyzing power (A{sub y}) for the pp elastic scattering in the so-far unexplored 5 <θ{sub cm}<30 angular range. Our measurements are also compared to the world data and current partial wave solutions.
Elastic nucleon-deuteron scattering and breakup with chiral forces
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Witała Henryk
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Results on three-nucleon (3N elastic scattering and breakup below the pion production threshold are discussed. The large discrepancies found between a theory based on numerical solutions of 3N Faddeev equations with standard nucleon-nucleon (NN potentials only and data point to the need for three-nucleon forces (3NF’s. This notion is supported by the fact that another possible reason for the discrepancies in elastic nucleon-deuteron (Nd scattering, relativistic effects, turned out to be small. Results for a new generation of chiral NN forces (up to N4LO together with theoretical truncation errors are shown. They support conclusions obtained with standard NN potentials
The elastic scattering of 14N by 10B
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Takai, H.
1986-01-01
The elastic scattering 10 B( 14 N, 14 N) 10 B was studied for four incident energies: 38.1, 42.0, 46.0 and 50.0 MeV. The angular distributions for these energies were determined in the center of mass frame from 16 0 to 176 0 with the introduction of target nucleus recoil detection techniques in a magnetic spectrograph with gas position sensitive detectors and in a scattering chamber with an Σ-ΔΣ detection system. For the forward angles, the angular distributions are well described by the optical model. For the backward angles, up to 160 0 , a satisfactory description is obtained by the elastic transfer analysis; for larger angles an accentuated deviation id observed. (author) [pt
Parity-violating elastic electron scattering and nuclear structure
Moreno, O; Moya De Guerra, E; Sarriguren, P; Udas, J M
2010-01-01
Abstract We discuss parity violating elastic electron scattering as a complementary tool in the race for more precise determinations of neutron densities in nuclei. Isovector and isoscalar densities and form factors in N > Z and N = Z stable nuclei are discussed taking 208 Pb and 28 Si as examples. Distorted wave calculations of parity violating asymmetries are shown and are compared to plane wave impulse approximation. The extraction of the ratio between neutron and proton monopole form f...
Nucleon in nuclei from quasi-elastic electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gerard, A.
1987-04-01
One challenging problem in modern nuclear physics is to understand how the internal structure of the nucleon interferes with the dynamics of nucleons in a nucleus. The purpose of this paper is to review the present status of data in quasi-elastic electron scattering, to connect them with recent theoretical developments and to outline some future directions of research not accessible to present electron facilities
Polarized deuteron elastic scattering from a polarized proton target
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schmelzer, R.; Kuiper, H.; Schoeberl, M.; Berber, S.; Hilmert, H.; Koeppel, R.; Pferdmenges, R.; Zankel, H.
1983-01-01
Measurements are reported of the spin correlation parameter Cy,y for the elastic scattering of 10.0 MeV vector polarized deuterons from a polarized proton target at five CM angles (76 0 ,85 0 ,98 0 ,115 0 ,132 0 ). The experimental results are compared with different predictions. A Faddeev type calculation on the basis of local potentials also including approximate Coulomb distortion is favoured by our experimental results. (orig.)
A two-gluon exchange model of elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Richards, D.G.
1985-01-01
A two-gluon exchange (2GE) model of elastic hadron-hadron scattering is presented employing scalar quarks to facilitate the construction of a simple yet realistic hadronic wave function. The amplitude is calculated both in the forward direction and for non-zero values of t, and the results compared with that generated by pomeron exchange calculations which currently provide the best description of the data. (orig.)
Contribution of the 40Ca (160, 160) 40Ca elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alamanos, Nicolas
1979-01-01
This research thesis addresses the issue of oscillations of the σ/σ R rate when measuring angular distributions of elastic scattering between heavy ions, and more particularly in a specific angular range, in order to clear an ambiguity about the origin of these oscillations: they are due to interferences which occur between either diffracted or refracted trajectories. After a presentation of the experimental techniques implemented for the measurement of angular distributions of elastic or inelastic scattering (notably the QDDD magnetic spectrometer where QDDD stands for quadrupole-dipole-dipole-dipole), the author reports the performed experiments and their results. Then, he presents some theoretical aspects (conventional scattering theory, semi-conventional methods, optical potential, and inelastic scattering) which are necessary for a better understanding and analysis of the experimental results. The last part reports the analysis and interpretation of these results
Protein dynamics as seen by (quasi) elastic neutron scattering.
Magazù, S; Mezei, F; Falus, P; Farago, B; Mamontov, E; Russina, M; Migliardo, F
2017-01-01
Elastic and quasielastic neutron scattering studies proved to be efficient probes of the atomic mean square displacement (MSD), a fundamental parameter for the characterization of the motion of individual atoms in proteins and its evolution with temperature and compositional environment. We present a technical overview of the different types of experimental situations and the information quasi-elastic neutron scattering approaches can make available. In particular, MSD can crucially depend on the time scale over which the averaging (building of the "mean") takes place, being defined by the instrumental resolution. Due to their high neutron scattering cross section, hydrogen atoms can be particularly sensitively observed with little interference by the other atoms in the sample. A few examples, including new data, are presented for illustration. The incoherent character of neutron scattering on hydrogen atoms restricts the information obtained to the self-correlations in the motion of individual atoms, simplifying at the same time the data analysis. On the other hand, the (often overlooked) exploration of the averaging time dependent character of MSD is crucial for unambiguous interpretation and can provide a wealth of information on micro- and nanoscale atomic motion in proteins. By properly exploiting the broad range capabilities of (quasi)elastic neutron scattering techniques to deliver time dependent characterization of atomic displacements, they offer a sensitive, direct and simple to interpret approach to exploration of the functional activity of hydrogen atoms in proteins. Partial deuteration can add most valuable selectivity by groups of hydrogen atoms. "This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Science for Life" Guest Editor: Dr. Austen Angell, Dr. Salvatore Magazù and Dr. Federica Migliardo". Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Elastic scattering of protons at the nucleus 6He in the Glauber multiple scattering theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Prmantayeva, B.A.; Temerbayev, A.A.; Tleulessova, I.K.; Ibrayeva, E.T.
2011-01-01
Calculation is submitted for the differential cross sections of elastic p 6 He-scattering at energies of 70 and 700 MeV/nucleon within the framework of the Glauber theory of multiple diffraction scattering. We used the three-particle wave functions: α-n-n with realistic intercluster potentials. The sensitivity of elastic scattering to the proton-nuclear interaction and the structure of nuclei had been investigated. It is shown that the contribution of small components of the wave function as well as the multiplicity of the scattering operator Ω should be considered to describe a cross-section in broad angular range . A comparison with available experimental data was made. (author)
Characterization of single particle aerosols by elastic light scattering at multiple wavelengths
Lane, P. A.; Hart, M. B.; Jain, V.; Tucker, J. E.; Eversole, J. D.
2018-03-01
We describe a system to characterize individual aerosol particles using stable and repeatable measurement of elastic light scattering. The method employs a linear electrodynamic quadrupole (LEQ) particle trap. Charged particles, continuously injected by electrospray into this system, are confined to move vertically along the stability line in the center of the LEQ past a point where they are optically interrogated. Light scattered in the near forward direction was measured at three different wavelengths using time-division multiplexed collinear laser beams. We validated our method by comparing measured silica microsphere data for four selected diameters (0.7, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 μm) to a model of collected scattered light intensities based upon Lorenz-Mie scattering theory. Scattered light measurements at the different wavelengths are correlated, allowing us to distinguish and classify inhomogeneous particles.
Strange Nucleon Form Factors from ep and vp Elastic Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pate, S.F. [Physics Department, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces NM 88003 (United States)]. e-mail: pate@nmsu.edu
2007-12-15
The recent parity-violating ep forward-scattering elastic asymmetry data from Jefferson Lab (HAPPEx and G0), when combined with the vp elastic cross section data from Brookhaven (E734), permit an extraction of the strangeness contribution to the vector and axial nucleon form factors for momentum transfers in the range 0.45 < Q{sup 2} < 1.0 GeV{sup 2}. These results, combined with the recent determination of the strange vector form factors at Q{sup 2} = 0.1 GeV{sup 2} (SAMPLE, HAPPEx, PVA4, G0) have been interpreted in terms of uudss{sup -} configurations very different from the kaon-loop configurations usually associated with strangeness in the nucleon. New experiments are being proposed to improve the state of our knowledge of the vp elastic cross section -- these new experiments will push the range of Q{sup 2} to much lower values, and greatly increase the precision of the vp elastic data. One outcome of this can be a measurement of the strangeness contribution to the nucleon spin, {delta}s. Nuclear targets (e.g. C or Ar) are to be used in these neutrino experiments, and so a deep understanding of the nuclear physics, particularly in regard to final state effects, is needed before the potential of these precision experiments can be fully realized. (Author)
Quasi-elastic Charm Production In Neutrino-nucleon Scattering
Bischofberger, M
2005-01-01
A study of quasi elastic charm production in charged current neutrino-nucleon scattering is presented. A sample of about 1.3 million interactions recorded with the NOMAD detector in the CERN SPS wide band neutrino beam has been searched for quasi elastically produced charmed baryons ( L+c,Sc and S*c ). The search has been performed in two exclusive decay channels of the L+c, both including a L . Also, the semi-inclusive decay channels L+c,Sc,S *c→L+X have been studied. Kinematic selection criteria have been chosen in order to obtain samples enriched with quasi elastic charm events. Signal efficiencies and background expectations have been estimated by Monte Carlo simulations. The observed number of events in each searched channel has been found to agree with the background expectation from charged and neutral current reactions and an upper limit for the cross section has been derived. For the quasi elastic charm production cross section averaged over the neutrino energy spectrum (&lan...
Elastic and inelastic scattering of neutrons on 238U nucleus
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Capote R.
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Advanced modelling of neutron induced reactions on the 238U nucleus is aimed at improving our knowledge of neutron scattering. Capture and fission channels are well constrained by available experimental data and neutron standard evaluation. A focus of this contribution is on elastic and inelastic scattering cross sections. The employed nuclear reaction model includes – a new rotational-vibrational dispersive optical model potential coupling the low-lying collective bands of vibrational character observed in even-even actinides; – the Engelbrecht-Weidenmüller transformation allowing for inclusion of compound-direct interference effects; – and a multi-humped fission barrier with absorption in the secondary well described within the optical model for fission. Impact of the advanced modelling on elastic and inelastic scattering cross sections including angular distributions and emission spectra is assessed both by comparison with selected microscopic experimental data and integral criticality benchmarks including measured reaction rates (e.g. JEMIMA, FLAPTOP and BIG TEN. Benchmark calculations provided feedback to improve the reaction modelling. Improvement of existing libraries will be discussed.
Elastic and Inelastic Scattering of Neutrons using a CLYC array
Brown, Tristan; Doucet, E.; Chowdhury, P.; Lister, C. J.; Wilson, G. L.; Devlin, M.; Mosby, S.
2015-10-01
CLYC scintillators, which have dual neutron and gamma response, have recently ushered in the possibility of fast neutron spectroscopy without time-of-flight (TOF). A 16-element array of 1'' x 1'' 6Li-depleted CLYC crystals, where pulse-shape-discrimination is achieved via digital pulse processing, has been commissioned at UMass Lowell. In an experiment at LANSCE, high energy neutrons were used to bombard 56Fe and 238U targets, in order to measure elastic and inelastic neutron scattering cross sections as a function of energy and angle with the array. The array is placed very close to the targets for enhanced geometrical solid angles for scattered neutrons compared to standard neutron-TOF measurements. A pulse-height spectrum of scattered neutrons in the detectors is compared to the energy of the incident neutrons, which is measured via the TOF of the pulsed neutrons from the source to the detectors. Recoil corrections are necessary to combine the energy spectra from all the detectors to obtain angle-integrated elastic and inelastic cross-sections. The detection techniques, analysis procedures and results will be presented. Supported by NNSA-SSAA program through DOE Grant DE-NA00013008.
Mathematical methods for elastic plates
Constanda, Christian
2014-01-01
Mathematical models of deformation of elastic plates are used by applied mathematicians and engineers in connection with a wide range of practical applications, from microchip production to the construction of skyscrapers and aircraft. This book employs two important analytic techniques to solve the fundamental boundary value problems for the theory of plates with transverse shear deformation, which offers a more complete picture of the physical process of bending than Kirchhoff’s classical one. The first method transfers the ellipticity of the governing system to the boundary, leading to singular integral equations on the contour of the domain. These equations, established on the basis of the properties of suitable layer potentials, are then solved in spaces of smooth (Hölder continuous and Hölder continuously differentiable) functions. The second technique rewrites the differential system in terms of complex variables and fully integrates it, expressing the solution as a combination of complex ana...
Parity Non-Conservation in Proton-Proton Elastic Scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brown, V.R.; B.F. Gibson; J.A. Carlson; R. Schiavilla
2002-01-01
The parity non-conserving longitudinal asymmetry in proton-proton (pp) elastic scattering is calculated in the lab-energy range 0-350 MeV using contemporary, realistic strong-interaction potentials combined with a weak-interaction potential comprised of rho- and omega-meson exchanges as exemplified by the DDH model. Values for the rho- and omega-meson coupling constants, h rho rho rho and h rho rho omega , are determined from comparison with the measured asymmetries at 13.6 MeV, 45 MeV, and 221 MeV
Observation of Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering
Akimov, D.; Albert, J. B.; An, P.; Awe, C.; Barbeau, P. S.; Becker, B.; Belov, V.; Brown, A.; Bolozdynya, A.; Cabrera-Palmer, B.; Cervantes, M.; Collar, J. I.; Cooper, R. J.; Cooper, R. L.; Cuesta, C.
2017-01-01
The coherent elastic scattering of neutrinos off nuclei has eluded detection for four decades, even though its predicted cross-section is the largest by far of all low-energy neutrino couplings. This mode of interaction provides new opportunities to study neutrino properties, and leads to a miniaturization of detector size, with potential technological applications. We observe this process at a 6.7-sigma confidence level, using a low-background, 14.6-kg CsI[Na] scintillator exposed to the neu...
Elastic scattering of positron by alkali atom lithium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Verma, P.K.; Roy, D.N.
1994-01-01
The modified form of Born approximation has been employed to calculate differential cross sections for elastic scattering of positrons by alkali atom lithium, in the energy range 100eV-550eV. Attempts have been made to extend and improve the Born approximation by taking into account the effect of nuclear interaction terms in the form of distorted wave (screened Coulomb waves). To study the impact of polarization effect, differential cross sections have been calculated with and without polarization potential. The first Born approximation cross sections have been reported. The agreement between the present results and corresponding theoretical predictions in the literature are fair. (author). 8 refs., 6 figs
Alpha-nucleus elastic scattering at intermediate energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bonin, B.; Alamanos, N.; Berthier, B.; Bruge, G.; Faraggi, H.; Lugol, J.C.; Mittig, W.; Papineau, L.; Yavin, A.I.; Buenerd, M.; Bauhoff, W.
1985-01-01
Elastic scattering of 288, 340, 480 and 699 MeV Alpha-particles was measured on 208 Pb, 116 Sn and 58 Ni. The data were analysed in terms of a phenomenological optical model. The optical potentials obtained were found to vary consistently with the target nucleus and the incident energy. The radial zone where the potentials are well determined was studied in detail. The data for 208 Pb were also analysed with a folding model. The energy dependence of the strong-absorption radius and of the reaction cross section shows that the nuclear surface becomes slightly transparent for incident energies above 150 MeV per nucleon. (orig.)
Elastic scattering of protons at the TOTEM experiment at the LHC
AUTHOR|(CDS)2080719; Csanád, Máté; Niewiadomski, Hubert
The TOTEM experiment at the LHC at CERN is optimized to measure elastic and diffractive scattering at the LHC and measures the total proton-proton cross-section with\tthe luminosity-independent method. The TOTEM experiment uses the special technique of movable beam pipe insertions -- called Roman Pots -- to detect very forward protons. The reconstruction of the forward proton kinematics requires the precise understanding of the LHC beam optics. A new method of LHC optics determination is reported, which exploits kinematical distributions of elastically scattered proton-proton data measured by the Roman Pots of the TOTEM experiment. The method has been successfully applied to data samples recorded since 2010. The interpretation of the proton-proton elastic differential cross-section is a challenging task. The geometrical model of proton-proton elastic scattering of Bialas and Bzdak is fitted to ISR data and to data measured by the TOTEM experiment at LHC energy of $\\sqrt{s}=7$~TeV. The Bialas-Bzdak model is g...
Search for charge symmetry violation in np elastic scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abegg, R. (TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada)); Davis, C.A. (TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada)); Delheij, P.P.J. (TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada)); Helmer, R. (TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada)); Miller, C.A. (TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada)); Berdoz, A.R. (Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg (Canada)); Birchall, J. (Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg (Canada)); Campbell, J.R. (Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg (Canada)); Page, S.A. (Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg (Canada)); Ramsay, W.D. (Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg (Canada)); Van Oers, W.T.H. (Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg (Canada)); Zhao, J. (Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg (Canada)); Green, P.W. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada)); Greeniaus, L.G. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada)); Kolb, N. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada)); Korkmaz, E. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada)); Li, J. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada)); Opper, A. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada))
1993-06-01
At TRIUMF we are measuring charge symmetry violation in np elastic scattering. If charge symmetry holds the analyzing powers A[sub n] and A[sub p] are equal. The measurements will therefore determine the difference from zero of [Delta]A triple bond A[sub n] - A[sub p]. The measurements are carried out in the vicinity where the analyzing powers cross zero in order to minimize systematic errors. A 350 MeV polarized (P[sub n] [approx equal] 0.5) or unpolarized neutron beam is incident onto respectively an unpolarized or polarized (P[sub p] [approx equal] 0.65) target of the butanol frozen spin type. A symmetric (about the beam axis and in the scattering plane) system of proton detectors and neutron arrays records neutron-proton coincidence events. The detection system allows measurements in the centre-of-mass angular range of 50 -90 . (orig.)
Charged current quasi elastic scattering of muon neutrino with nuclei
Saraswat, Kapil; Shukla, Prashant; Kumar, Vineet; Singh, Venktesh
2018-02-01
We present a study on the charge current quasi elastic scattering of ν _μ from nucleon and nuclei which gives a charged muon in the final state. To describe nuclei, the Fermi Gas model has been used with proposed Pauli suppression factor. The diffuseness parameter of the Fermi distribution has been obtained using experimental data. We also investigate different parametrizations for electric and magnetic Sach's form factors of nucleons. Calculations have been made for CCQES total and differential cross-sections for the cases of ν _{μ }-N, ν _{μ }-{^{12}}C and ν _{μ }-{^{56}}Fe scatterings and are compared with the data for different values of the axial mass. The present model gives excellent description of measured differential cross-section for all the systems.
Parity Violation in Forward Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Miller, IV, Grady Wilson [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
2001-01-01
We have measured the parity-violating electroweak asymmetry in the elastic scattering of polarized electrons from the proton at Jefferson Laboratory. The kinematic point (θ_{lab} = 12.3 deg. and (Q^{2}) = 0.48 (GeV/c)^{2}) is chosen to provide sensitivity to the strange electric form factor G^{s}_{E}. A 3.36 GeV beam of longitudinally polarized electrons was scattered from protons in a liquid hydrogen target. The scattered flux was detected by a pair of spectrometers which focussed the elastically-scattered electrons onto total-absorption detectors. The detector signals were integrated and digitized by a custom data acquisition system. A feedback system reduced systematic errors by controlling helicity-correlated beam intensity differences at the sub-ppm (part per million) level. The experimental result, A = 14.5 +/- 2.0 (stat) ± 1.1 (syst) ppm, is consistent with the electroweak Standard Model with no additional contributions from strange quarks. In particular, the measurement implies G^{S}_{E} + 0.39 G^{s}_{M} = 0.023 ± 0.040 ± 0.026 (ζG^{n}_{E}), where the last uncertainty is due to the estimated uncertainty in the neutron electric form factor G^{n}_{E} . This result represents the first experimental constraint of the strange electric form factor.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bigio, I.J.; Loree, T.R.; Mourant, J.; Shimada, T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Story-Held, K.; Glickman, R.D. [Texas Univ. Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX (United States). Dept. of Ophthalmology; Conn, R. [Lovelace Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Urology
1993-08-01
A non-invasive diagnostic tool that could identify malignancy in situ and in real time would have a major impact on the detection and treatment of cancer. We have developed and are testing early prototypes of an optical biopsy system (OBS) for detection of cancer and other tissue pathologies. The OBS invokes a unique approach to optical diagnosis of tissue pathologies based on the elastic scattering properties, over a wide range of wavelengths, of the microscopic structure of the tissue. The use of elastic scattering as the key to optical tissue diagnostics in the OBS is based on the fact that many tissue pathologies, including a majority of cancer forms, manifest significant architectural changes at the cellular and sub-cellular level. Since the cellular components that cause elastic scattering have dimensions typically on the order of visible to near-IR wavelengths, the elastic (Mie) scattering properties will be strongly wavelength dependent. Thus, morphology and size changes can be expected to cause significant changes in an optical signature that is derived from the wavelength dependence of elastic scattering. The data acquisition and storage/display time with the OBS instrument is {approximately}1 second. Thus, in addition to the reduced invasiveness of this technique compared with current state-of-the-art methods (surgical biopsy and pathology analysis), the OBS offers the possibility of impressively faster diagnostic assessment. The OBS employs a small fiber-optic probe that is amenable to use with any endoscope, catheter or hypodermic, or to direct surface examination (e.g. as in skin cancer or cervical cancer). It has been tested in vitro on animal and human tissue samples, and clinical testing in vivo is currently in progress.
Impact picture and internal matter motion for elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bourrely, C.; Soffer, J.; Wu, T.T.
1978-01-01
Since four-dimensional relativistic quantum field theories have all the desirable properties such as particle production, unitarity, and analyticity, they provide a useful way to gain theoretical knowledge not only for weak and electromagnetic processes but also for strong interactions. For the dynamics of strong interactions, because of the necessity of understanding all orders of perturbation theory, the simplest case is the high energy limit. After a brief review of the general features of elastic scattering in field theories, the need of developing a phenomenology in order to make contact with present and future experimental data is discussed. Such a phenomenology must satisfy the dual requirement of, on the one hand, giving an accurate description of hadronic experimental data at high energies and, on the other hand, having the s → infinity behavior obtained from field theories. Recent improvements on such a phenomenology are emphasized, and include better parametrization and proper Regge background and spin effects. In particular, the spin of the proton is taken into account by using the concept of hadronic matter current of Chou and Yang. In addition to the total and differential cross sections for ISABELLE energies, predictions are obtained for both polarization and R parameters for proton--proton elastic scattering. Sore theoretical problems for the future are outlined
Purely elastic scattering theories and their ultraviolet limits
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Klassen, T.R.; Chicago Univ., IL; Melzer, E.
1990-01-01
We use the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz to find the finite-size corrections to the ground-state energy in an arbitrary (1+1)-dimensional purely elastic scattering theory. The leading finite-size effects are characterized by tilde c=c-12d 0 , where c and d 0 are the central charge and the lowest scaling dimension, respectively, of the (possibly nonunitary) CFT describing the ultraviolet limit of the massive scattering theory. After presenting the purely elastic S-matrix theories that emerged in recent discussions of perturbed CFTs, we calculate their finite-size scaling coefficient tilde c. Our results show that the UV limits of the 'minimal' S-matrix theories are the unperturbed CFTs in question. On the other hand, the S-matrices which have been suggested to describe affine Toda field theories, differing from the minimal S-matrices by coupling-dependent factors, are seen to have free bosonic CFTs as their UV limits. We also discuss some interesting properties of tilde c. In particular, we suggest that tilde c is a measure of the number of degrees of freedom of an arbitrary two-dimensional CFT. (orig.)
Effects of breakup couplings on 8B+58Ni elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lubian, J.; Correa, T.; Gomes, P. R. S.; Aguilera, E. F.; Gomez-Camacho, A.; Quiroz, E. M.; Canto, L. F.
2009-01-01
We use the continuum discretized coupled channel (CDCC) method to investigate the effects of breakup coupling on 8 B+ 58 Ni elastic scattering. We evaluate angular distributions at several collision energies and show that our theoretical results are in excellent agreement with the recent data of Aguilera et al.[Phys. Rev. C 79, 021601(R) (2009)]. We show that nuclear excitations of the target have a weak influence on the elastic angular distributions but that the inclusion of continuum-continuum couplings is essential to reproduce the data.
Forward two-photon exchange in elastic lepton-proton scattering and hyperfine-splitting correction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tomalak, Oleksandr [Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernphysik and PRISMA Cluster of Excellence, Mainz (Germany)
2017-08-15
We relate the forward two-photon exchange (TPE) amplitudes to integrals of the inclusive lepton-proton scattering cross sections. These relations yield an alternative way for the evaluation of the TPE correction to hyperfine-splitting (HFS) in the hydrogen-like atoms with an equivalent to the standard approach (Iddings, Drell and Sullivan) result implying the Burkhardt-Cottingham sum rule. For evaluation of the individual effects (e.g., elastic contribution) our approach yields a distinct result. We compare both methods numerically on examples of the elastic contribution and the full TPE correction to HFS in electronic and muonic hydrogen. (orig.)
Exploring central opacity and asymptotic scenarios in elastic hadron scattering
Fagundes, D. A.; Menon, M. J.; Silva, P. V. R. G.
2016-02-01
In the absence of a global description of the experimental data on elastic and soft diffractive scattering from the first principles of QCD, model-independent analyses may provide useful phenomenological insights for the development of the theory in the soft sector. With that in mind, we present an empirical study on the energy dependence of the ratio X between the elastic and total cross sections; a quantity related to the evolution of the hadronic central opacity. The dataset comprises all the experimental information available on proton-proton and antiproton-proton scattering in the c.m. energy interval 5 GeV-8 TeV. Generalizing previous works, we discuss four model-independent analytical parameterizations for X, consisting of sigmoid functions composed with elementary functions of the energy and three distinct asymptotic scenarios: either the standard black disk limit or scenarios above or below that limit. Our two main conclusions are the following: (1) although consistent with the experimental data, the black disk does not represent an unique solution; (2) the data reductions favor a semi-transparent scenario, with asymptotic average value for the ratio X bar = 0.30 ± 0.12. In this case, within the uncertainty, the asymptotic regime may already be reached around 1000 TeV. We present a comparative study of the two scenarios, including predictions for the inelastic channel (diffraction dissociation) and the ratio associated with the total cross-section and the elastic slope. Details on the selection of our empirical ansatz for X and physical aspects related to a change of curvature in this quantity at 80-100 GeV, indicating the beginning of a saturation effect, are also presented and discussed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
De Oliveira Santos, F. [Grand Accelerateur National d' Ions Lourds, UMR 6415, 14 - Caen (France)
2007-07-01
Nuclear reactions can occur at low kinetic energy. Low-energy reactions are characterized by a strong dependence on the structure of the compound nucleus. It turns out that it is possible to study the nuclear structure by measuring these reactions. In this course, three types of reactions are treated: Resonant Elastic Scattering (such as N{sup 14}(p,p)N{sup 14}), Inelastic Scattering (such as N{sup 14}(p,p')N{sup 14*}) and Astrophysical reactions (such as N{sup 14}(p,{gamma})O{sup 15}). (author)
Excitation function of elastic scattering on 12C + 4He system, at low energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Perez-Torres, R.; Aguilera, E. F.; Martinez-Quiroz, E.; Murillo, G.; Belyaeva, T. L.; Maldonado-Velazquez, M.
2011-01-01
Interactions in the 12 C + 4 He system are of great interest in astrophysics and to help determine the relative abundances of elements in stars, at the end of helium burning [1, 2]. The Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ) in Mexico, have made measurements of elastic scattering for this system, using the inverse kinematics method with thick white gas [3, 4], for E CM (0.5 - 4 MeV) θ CM = 180 o . In this work we obtain excitation functions of elastic scattering of 12 C + 4 He system with angular and energy dependence; E CM = 0.5 - 4 MeV and θ CM 100 o -170 o .Using inverse kinematics method with thick white gas and energy loss tables. (Author)
Modelling Elastic Scattering and Light Transport in 3D Collagen Gel Constructs
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Bixio, L
2001-01-01
A model of elastic scattering and light propagation is presented, which can be used to obtain the scattering coefficient, the index of refraction and the distribution of the collagen fibrils in a gel...
8B + 208Pb Elastic Scattering at Coulomb Barrier Energies
La Commara, M.; Mazzocco, M.; Boiano, A.; Boiano, C.; Manea, C.; Parascandolo, C.; Pierroutsakou, D.; Signorini, C.; Strano, E.; Torresi, D.; Yamaguchi, H.; Kahl, D.; Di Meo, P.; Grebosz, J.; Imai, N.; Hirayama, Y.; Ishiyama, H.; Iwasa, N.; Jeong, S. C.; Jia, H. M.; Kim, Y. H.; Kimura, S.; Kubono, S.; Lin, C. J.; Miyatake, H.; Mukai, M.; Nakao, T.; Nicoletto, M.; Sakaguchi, Y.; Sánchez-Benítez, A. M.; Soramel, F.; Teranishi, T.; Wakabayashi, Y.; Watanabe, Y. X.; Yang, L.; Yang, Y. Y.
2018-02-01
The scattering process of weakly-bound nuclei at Coulomb barrier energies provides deep insights on the reaction dynamics induced by exotic nuclei. Within this framework, we measured for the first time the scattering process of the short-lived Radioactive Ion Beam (RIB) 8B (Sp = 0.1375 MeV) from a 208Pb target at 50 MeV beam energy. The 8B RIB was produced by means of the in-flight facility CRIB (RIKEN, Japan) with an average intensity on target of 10 kHz and a purity about 25%. Elastically scattering ions were detected in the angular range θc.m. = 10°-160° by means of the detector array EXPADES. A preliminary optical model analysis indicates a total reaction cross section of about 1 b, a value, once reduced, 2-3 times larger than those obtained for the reactions induced by the stable weakly-bound projectiles 6,7Li on a 208Pb target in the energy range around the Coulomb barrier.
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 180 MeV π+- on 24Mg
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gmitro, M.; Kvasil, J.; Mach, R.
1982-01-01
Equations of the coupled channel method written in the momentum space are solved for the scattering of 180 MeV pions on 24 Mg. The elastic and inelastic differential cross sections are calculated by using the nuclear ground-state- and transition-densities, which describe correctly the (e, e') data for the same nuclear states. The results agree well with the recent (π, π') data [ru
Elastic scattering of low energy electrons in partially ionized dense semiclassical plasma
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dzhumagulova, K. N., E-mail: dzhumagulova.karlygash@gmail.com; Shalenov, E. O.; Ramazanov, T. S. [IETP, Al Farabi Kazakh National University, 71al Farabi Street, Almaty 050040 (Kazakhstan)
2015-08-15
Elastic scattering of electrons by hydrogen atoms in a dense semiclassical hydrogen plasma for low impact energies has been studied. Differential scattering cross sections were calculated within the effective model of electron-atom interaction taking into account the effect of screening as well as the quantum mechanical effect of diffraction. The calculations were carried out on the basis of the phase-function method. The influence of the diffraction effect on the Ramsauer–Townsend effect was studied on the basis of a comparison with results made within the effective polarization model of the Buckingham type.
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 1.37 GeV α-particles from 40424448Ca
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alkhazov, G.D.; Bauer, T.; Bertini, R.; Bimbot, L.; Bing, O.; Boudard, A.; Bruge, G.; Catz, H.; Chaumeaux, A.; Couvert, P.; Fontaine, J.M.; Hibou, F.; Igo, G.J.; Lugol, J.C.; Matoba, M.
1977-01-01
Differential cross sections of elastic and inelastic scattering of 1.37 GeV α-particles from 40 42 44 48 Ca have been measured. The angular distributions show that the scattering process is quite diffractive. Glauber's nucleus scattering theory for elastic scattering has been examined in two approximate ways. The method in which the projectile is assumed not to be excited internally in the course of multiple scattering, reproduces reasonably well the experimental angular distributions. The trend of the root-mean-square radii of the neutron densities of the four calcium isotopes has been found to be in agreement with recent results from proton scattering measurements at 1.04 GeV. (Auth.)
Effect of the Pauli principle in elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Picklesimer, A.; Thaler, R.M.
1981-01-01
The effect of imposition of the Pauli principle for two-fragment elastic nuclear scattering is examined. It is shown that the antisymmetrized problem can be cast into the Lippmann-Schwinger form with an effective interaction in which the effect of the Pauli principle is entirely absorbed into the effective interaction potential operator. This result enables the formalism to be developed in analogy with the unsymmetrized formulation. Central to the approach is the choice of the off-shell extension of the transition operator. Comparison is made with a previously proposed treatment based on a different off-shell extension. It is shown that both the antisymmetrized transition operator and the associated optical potential proposed herein are readily expressed as spectator expansions in which the effect of the Pauli principle among the active fermions is incorporated in a physically appealing fashion at each stage of the expansion
EDS'09: 13th International Conference on Elastic & Diffractive Scattering
CERN. Geneva
2009-01-01
The series of International Conferences on Elastic and Diffractive Scattering was founded in 1985 in the picturesque old French town of Blois, famous for its XIV - XVIIth century château, inside of which the first meeting took place. Since then, meetings have been organised every two years in different places of the world: New York (1987), Evanston (1989), Isola d'Elba (1991), Providence (1993), Blois (1995), Seoul (1997), Protvino (1999), Prague (2001), Helsinki (2003), Blois (2005) and Hamburg (2007). The conference will focus on the most recent experimental and theoretical results in particle physics with an emphasis on Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). http://cern.ch/eds09/ The conference agenda is now full. No further contributions can be accepted.
Proton and neutron densities from elastic electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frois, B.
1979-01-01
Elastic electron scattering has now determined extremely fine details of the shape of the nuclear groound state. The combination of (e,e) and muonic X-rays data are giving informations that are among the most precise on nuclear structure. This enables to see all the limitations of existing theories. However, we begin to have a very coherent description of nuclei with the self consistent field theories to a few percent. A very significant progress has been achieved with the calculations of RPA correlations in the round state in a self consistent way. Only recent experiments (on medium and heavy nuclei) of some significance for the understanding of the structure of the nucleus are reviewed
p-barp elastic scattering at high energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Padua, A.B. de.
1986-01-01
The p-bar p elastic scattering is analysed in the energy range 9.78 pp werefitted under the hypothesis of a pure imaginary amplitude and writted as a sum of exponentials, that is, a(s,t) = a(s,O) Σ n i=l α i exp β i t. Using the parameters a(s,O), α i and β i we obtained the absorption constante K- pp , the form factor and the mean square radius of the - p matter distribution by the Chou-Yang model. These calculations reveal a dip around -t ≅ 1.3 (GeV/c) 2 at 31 and 62 GeV. (author) [pt
Microscopic cluster model analysis of 14O+p elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baye, D.; Descouvemont, P.; Leo, F.
2005-01-01
The 14 O+p elastic scattering is discussed in detail in a fully microscopic cluster model. The 14 O cluster is described by a closed p shell for protons and a closed p3/2 subshell for neutrons in the translation-invariant harmonic-oscillator model. The exchange and spin-orbit parameters of the effective forces are tuned on the energy levels of the 15 C mirror system. With the generator-coordinate and microscopic R-matrix methods, phase shifts and cross sections are calculated for the 14 O+p elastic scattering. An excellent agreement is found with recent experimental data. A comparison is performed with phenomenological R-matrix fits. Resonances properties in 15 F are discussed
Weakly interacting massive particle-nucleus elastic scattering response
Anand, Nikhil; Fitzpatrick, A. Liam; Haxton, W. C.
2014-06-01
Background: A model-independent formulation of weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP)-nucleon scattering was recently developed in Galilean-invariant effective field theory. Purpose: Here we complete the embedding of this effective interaction in the nucleus, constructing the most general elastic nuclear cross section as a factorized product of WIMP and nuclear response functions. This form explicitly defines what can and cannot be learned about the low-energy constants of the effective theory—and consequently about candidate ultraviolet theories of dark matter—from elastic scattering experiments. Results: We identify those interactions that cannot be reliably treated in a spin-independent/spin-dependent (SI/SD) formulation: For derivative- or velocity-dependent couplings, the SI/SD formulation generally mischaracterizes the relevant nuclear operator and its multipolarity (e.g., scalar or vector) and greatly underestimates experimental sensitivities. This can lead to apparent conflicts between experiments when, in fact, none may exist. The new nuclear responses appearing in the factorized cross section are related to familiar electroweak nuclear operators such as angular momentum l⃗(i) and the spin-orbit coupling σ⃗(i).l⃗(i). Conclusions: To unambiguously interpret experiments and to extract all of the available information on the particle physics of dark matter, experimentalists will need to (1) do a sufficient number of experiments with nuclear targets having the requisite sensitivities to the various operators and (2) analyze the results in a formalism that does not arbitrarily limit the candidate operators. In an appendix we describe a code that is available to help interested readers implement such an analysis.
Chen, Wei-kang; Fang, Hui
2016-03-01
The basic principle of polarization-differentiation elastic light scattering spectroscopy based techniques is that under the linear polarized light incidence, the singlely scattered light from the superficial biological tissue and diffusively scattered light from the deep tissue can be separated according to the difference of polarization characteristics. The novel point of the paper is to apply this method to the detection of particle suspension and, to realize the simultaneous measurement of its particle size and number density in its natural status. We design and build a coaxial cage optical system, and measure the backscatter signal at a specified angle from a polystyrene microsphere suspension. By controlling the polarization direction of incident light with a linear polarizer and adjusting the polarization direction of collected light with another linear polarizer, we obtain the parallel polarized elastic light scattering spectrum and cross polarized elastic light scattering spectrum. The difference between the two is the differential polarized elastic light scattering spectrum which include only the single scattering information of the particles. We thus compare this spectrum to the Mie scattering calculation and extract the particle size. We then also analyze the cross polarized elastic light scattering spectrum by applying the particle size already extracted. The analysis is based on the approximate expressions taking account of light diffusing, from which we are able to obtain the number density of the particle suspension. We compare our experimental outcomes with the manufacturer-provided values and further analyze the influence of the particle diameter standard deviation on the number density extraction, by which we finally verify the experimental method. The potential applications of the method include the on-line particle quality monitoring for particle manufacture as well as the fat and protein density detection of milk products.
An in-vacuum diffractometer for resonant elastic soft x-ray scattering
Hawthorn, D. G.; He, F.; Davis, H.; Achkar, A. J.; Zhang, J.; Sutarto, R.; Wadati, H.; Radi, A.; Wilson, T.; Wright, G.; Shen, K. M.; Geck, J.; Zhang, H.; Novak, V.; Sawatzky, G. A.; Venema, L.C.
We describe the design, construction, and performance of a 4-circle in-vacuum diffractometer for resonant elastic soft x-ray scattering. The diffractometer, installed on the resonant elastic and inelastic x-ray scattering beamline at the Canadian Light Source, includes 9 in-vacuum motions driven by
Elastic scattering and fusion cross-sections in 7 Li+ 27 Al reaction
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
With an aim to understand the effects of breakup and transfer channels on elastic scattering and fusion cross-sections in the 7Li + 27Al reaction, simultaneous measurement of elastic scattering angular distributions and fusion cross-sections have been carried out at various energies (lab = 8.0–16.0 MeV) around the ...
Nuclear isospin mixing and elastic parity-violating electron scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Moreno, O. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Sarriguren, P. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: sarriguren@iem.cfmac.csic.es; Moya de Guerra, E.; Udias, J.M. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Donnelly, T.W. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Sick, I. [Departement fuer Physik, Universitaet Basel, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)
2009-09-15
The influence of nuclear isospin mixing on parity-violating elastic electron scattering is studied for the even-even, N=Z nuclei {sup 12}C, {sup 24}Mg, {sup 28}Si, and {sup 32}S. Their ground-state wave functions have been obtained using a self-consistent axially-symmetric mean-field approximation with density-dependent effective two-body Skyrme interactions. Some differences from previous shell-model calculations appear for the isovector Coulomb form factors which play a role in determining the parity-violating asymmetry. To gain an understanding of how these differences arise, the results have been expanded in a spherical harmonic oscillator basis. Results are obtained not only within the plane-wave Born approximation, but also using the distorted-wave Born approximation for comparison with potential future experimental studies of parity-violating electron scattering. To this end, for each nucleus the focus is placed on kinematic ranges where the signal (isospin-mixing effects on the parity-violating asymmetry) and the experimental figure-of-merit are maximized. Strangeness contributions to the asymmetry are also briefly discussed, since they and the isospin mixing contributions may play comparable roles for the nuclei being studied at the low momentum transfers of interest in the present work.
Nuclear isospin mixing and elastic parity-violating electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Moreno, O.; Sarriguren, P.; Moya de Guerra, E.; Udias, J.M.; Donnelly, T.W.; Sick, I.
2009-01-01
The influence of nuclear isospin mixing on parity-violating elastic electron scattering is studied for the even-even, N=Z nuclei 12 C, 24 Mg, 28 Si, and 32 S. Their ground-state wave functions have been obtained using a self-consistent axially-symmetric mean-field approximation with density-dependent effective two-body Skyrme interactions. Some differences from previous shell-model calculations appear for the isovector Coulomb form factors which play a role in determining the parity-violating asymmetry. To gain an understanding of how these differences arise, the results have been expanded in a spherical harmonic oscillator basis. Results are obtained not only within the plane-wave Born approximation, but also using the distorted-wave Born approximation for comparison with potential future experimental studies of parity-violating electron scattering. To this end, for each nucleus the focus is placed on kinematic ranges where the signal (isospin-mixing effects on the parity-violating asymmetry) and the experimental figure-of-merit are maximized. Strangeness contributions to the asymmetry are also briefly discussed, since they and the isospin mixing contributions may play comparable roles for the nuclei being studied at the low momentum transfers of interest in the present work.
The recoil proton polarization in πp elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Seftor, C.J.
1988-09-01
The polarization of the recoil proton for π + p and π - p elastic scattering has been measured for various angles at 547 MeV/c and 625 MeV/c by a collaboration involving The George Washington University; the University of California, Los Angeles; and Abilene Christian University. The experiment was performed at the P 3 East experimental area of the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility. Beam intensities varied from 0.4 to 1.0 x 10 7 π - 's/sec and from 3.0 to 10.0 x 10 7 π + 's/sec. The beam spot size at the target was 1 cm in the horizontal direction by 2.5 cm in the vertical direction. A liquid-hydrogen target was used in a flask 5.7 cm in diameter and 10 cm high. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence using the Large Acceptance Spectrometer (LAS) to detect and momentum analyze the pions and the JANUS recoil proton polarimeter to detect and measure the polarization of the protons. Results from this experiment are compared with previous measurements of the polarization, with analyzing power data previously taken by this group, and to partial-wave analysis predictions. 12 refs., 53 figs., 18 tabs
Elastic neutron scattering study of proton dynamics in glycerol
Cornicchi, Elena; Cinelli, Stefania; Natali, Francesca; Onori, Giuseppe; Paciaroni, Alessandro
2004-07-01
A recent neutron scattering investigation on lysozyme embedded in glycerol-water mixtures has shown that solvent dynamics is crucial in determining the dynamical properties of the biomolecule itself (Biophys. J. 83 (2002) 1157). To better understand the role played by solvent, we have performed an elastic incoherent neutron scattering (INS) experiment as a function of the temperature on pure glycerol. To directly compare the dynamics of the solvated protein and that of the pure solvent, we settled the same experimental conditions and applied the same data analysis procedure as in Paciaroni et al. (Biophys. J. 83 (2002) 1157). By using a double-well model and taking into account for the global molecular diffusion, we exploited the measured intensity to estimate the mean square displacements (MSD) of glycerol hydrogen atoms. We found that the total MSD deviate from the low-temperature vibrational harmonic trend at approximately T=235K, consistent with the value of the critical temperature reported in literature (Phys. Rev. E 55 (1997) 3183). The present investigation suggests that the internal dynamics of glycerol molecules, i.e. the vibrations and reorientations of hydrogen atoms relative to the molecular centre of mass (c.o.m.), can be put in relationship with the protein dynamics.
Elastic neutron scattering study of proton dynamics in glycerol
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cornicchi, Elena; Cinelli, Stefania; Natali, Francesca; Onori, Giuseppe; Paciaroni, Alessandro
2004-01-01
A recent neutron scattering investigation on lysozyme embedded in glycerol-water mixtures has shown that solvent dynamics is crucial in determining the dynamical properties of the biomolecule itself (Biophys. J. 83 (2002) 1157). To better understand the role played by solvent, we have performed an elastic incoherent neutron scattering (INS) experiment as a function of the temperature on pure glycerol. To directly compare the dynamics of the solvated protein and that of the pure solvent, we settled the same experimental conditions and applied the same data analysis procedure as in Paciaroni et al. (Biophys. J. 83 (2002) 1157). By using a double-well model and taking into account for the global molecular diffusion, we exploited the measured intensity to estimate the mean square displacements (MSD) of glycerol hydrogen atoms. We found that the total MSD deviate from the low-temperature vibrational harmonic trend at approximately T=235 K, consistent with the value of the critical temperature reported in literature (Phys. Rev. E 55 (1997) 3183). The present investigation suggests that the internal dynamics of glycerol molecules, i.e. the vibrations and reorientations of hydrogen atoms relative to the molecular centre of mass (c.o.m.), can be put in relationship with the protein dynamics
Fast elastic e-H(2s) scattering in laser fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vucic, S.; Hewitt, R.; Hewitt, R.
1997-01-01
A numerical method for the evaluation of the Born endash Floquet amplitude for laser-assisted scattering is proposed for the case when a large basis set is required to achieve convergence. The method is applied to analyze the elastic scattering of fast electrons by the H(2s) state in a low-intensity laser field of varying frequency and to study the resonant scattering with increasing laser intensity. While the behavior of an atom in a resonant field of low intensity is determined by virtual transitions between resonant levels, at high intensity a great number of nonresonant virtual transitions may significantly influence laser-assisted processes. As a consequence, the attenuation of resonant effects could appear, as well as the open-quotes localclose quotes stabilization of the atom against ionization. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Measurement of small-angle elastic scattering cross sections of fast neutron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wan Dairong; Dai Yunsheng; Liang Xuecai; Cao Jianhua
1993-11-01
A position-sensitive detector has been developed for studying small angle scattering of fast neutrons. The detector mainly consists of two photomultiplier tubes to monitor the liquid scintillator. The time difference between two signals from two photomultiplier tubes is used to determine the position of light emitted. The 14.7 MeV neutron elastic scattering differential cross section of Zr, Nb, Ti and Pb were measured by position-sensitive detector and associated particle time-of-flight method at the angles from 3 deg to 15 deg. The corrections for neutron fluence attenuation, multiple scattering and finite geometry are performed by using Monte-Carlo method. The experimental results provide data needed in nuclear engineering design
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 14N ions by 7Li at 80 MeV
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. T. Rudchik
2012-06-01
Full Text Available Angular distributions of the 7Li + 14N elastic and inelastic scattering as well as the 7Li(14N, Х reactions with production of 13, 15, 16N + 8, 6, 5Li, 11, 12, 13, 14С + 10, 9, 8, 7Ве, 10, 11, 12В + 11, 10, 9В nuclei and others were measured at Elab (14N = 80 MeV. The data were analyzed within the optical model and coupled-reaction-channels method. The elastic and inelastic scattering, reorientations of 7Li and 14N in ground and excited states as well as the prominent one- and two-step transfers were included in a channels-coupling-scheme. The 7Li + 14N optical potential parameters for ground and excited states of 7Li and 14N as well as deformation parameters of these nuclei were deduced. The contributions of one and two-step transfers in the 7Li + 14N elastic and inelastic scattering channels were estimated.
Far-infrared elastic scattering proposal for the Avogadro Project's silicon spheres
Humayun, Muhammad Hamza; Khan, Imran; Azeem, Farhan; Chaudhry, Muhammad Rehan; Gökay, Ulaş Sabahattin; Murib, Mohammed Sharif; Serpengüzel, Ali
2018-05-01
Avogadro constant determines the number of particles in one mole of a substance, thus relating the molar mass of the substance to the mass of this substance. Avogadro constant is related to Système Internationale base units by defining the very concept of chemical quantity. Revisions of the base units created a need to redefine the Avogadro constant, where a collaborative work called the Avogadro Project is established to employ optical interferometry to measure the diameter of high quality 100 mm silicon spheres. We propose far-infrared spectroscopy for determining the Avogadro constant by using elastic scattering from the 100 mm Avogadro Project silicon spheres. Similar spectroscopic methods are already in use in the near-infrared, relating whispering gallery modes of the 1 mm silicon spheres to the diameter of the spheres. We present numerical simulations in the far-infrared and the near-infrared, as well as spatially scaled down elastic scattering measurements in the near-infrared. These numerical and experimental results show that, the diameter measurements of 100 mm single crystal silicon spheres with elastic scattering in the far-infrared can be considered as an alternative to optical interferometry.
Study of 11Li+p elastic scattering using BHF formalism with three body force
Sharma, Manjari; Haider, W.
2018-04-01
In the present work we have analyzed the elastic scattering data of 11Li + p at 62, 68.4 and 75 MeV/nucleon, using the microscopic optical potential calculated within the framework of Brueckner-Hartree-Fock formalism (BHF). The calculation uses Argonne v18 and Urbana v14 inter-nucleon potentials and the Urbana IX (UVIX) model of three body force. The required nucleon-density distributions for 11Li are obtained using the semi-phenomenological model for nuclear density distributions. The optical potential has been obtained by folding the g-matrices as calculated in BHF (with and without three body forces) over the nucleon density distributions. We have used the exact method for calculating both the direct and the exchange parts of the spin-orbit potential. Our results reveal that the spin-orbit potential significantly contributes to 11Li+p elastic scattering at all three incident energies. Further, the calculated spin-orbit potential in BHF is much smaller and more diffused as compared with the phenomenological spin-orbit potential. The analysis reveals that the calculated microscopic optical potentials, with and without three body force using BHF approach with phenomenological form of density distribution, provides satisfactory agreement with the elastic scattering data for 11Li+p.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Elizalde D, J
1973-07-01
This work consists in determining the fast neutron spectra emitted by a Pu-Be isotopic source. The implemented technique is based in the spectrometry (n, p). This consists in making to fall on a fast neutrons beams (polyenergetic) over a thin film of hydrogenated material, detecting the spectra of emitted protons at a fix angle. The polyethylene film and the used solid state detector are inside of a vacuum chamber. The detector is placed at 30 degree with respect to direction of the incident neutrons beam. The protons spectra is stored in a multichannel. the energy is obtained with the prior calibration of the system. The data processing involves the transformation of the protons spectra observed at the falling on neutrons spectra over the film. The energy of the neutrons is related with that of the protons, according to the collision kinematical equations. The cross section of elastic collision of the neutrons with the hydrogen atoms is obtained from literature. Applying these relations to the observed spectra it is obtained the falling on neutron spectra over the film. (Author)
Hybrid Theory of Electron-Hydrogenic Systems Elastic Scattering
Bhatia, A. K.
2007-01-01
Accurate electron-hydrogen and electron-hydrogenic cross sections are required to interpret fusion experiments, laboratory plasma physics and properties of the solar and astrophysical plasmas. We have developed a method in which the short-range and long-range correlations can be included at the same time in the scattering equations. The phase shifts have rigorous lower bounds and the scattering lengths have rigorous upper bounds. The phase shifts in the resonance region can be used to calculate very accurately the resonance parameters.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gurchin, Yu.V.; Isupov, A.Yu.; Khrenov, A.N.; Kiselev, A.S.; Ladygin, V.P.; Reznikov, S.G.; Vasil'ev, T.A.; Janek, M.; Karachuk, J.T.
2011-01-01
A selection of dp-elastic scattering events at energies of 1.6 and 2.0 GeV by using scintillation counters has been performed. The procedure of the CH 2 -C subtraction has been established. The dependence of the elastic events yield on the filter thickness has been investigated. This method can be used to develop the efficient high-energy deuteron beam polarimetry
A comparative experimental-theoretical study on elastic electron scattering by methane
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cho, H; Park, Y S; Castro, E A y; Souza, G L C de; Iga, I; Lee, M-T; Machado, L E; Brescansin, L M
2008-01-01
Absolute differential cross sections for elastic electron scattering by methane have been measured at six incident electron energies between 5 and 100 eV and over scattering angles between 10 deg. and 180 deg., using a crossed-beam electron spectrometer combined with a magnetic angle-changing device to extend the measurements to backward angles (125 deg. - 180 deg.). Differential, integral and momentum-transfer cross sections are also calculated and reported for these energies. A complex optical potential was used to represent the electron-molecule interaction dynamics. The iterative Schwinger variational method combined with the distorted-wave approximation was used to solve the scattering equations. The comparison between our calculated and measured results, as well as with other experimental and theoretical data available in the literature, is encouraging
Application of numerical methods to elasticity imaging.
Castaneda, Benjamin; Ormachea, Juvenal; Rodríguez, Paul; Parker, Kevin J
2013-03-01
Elasticity imaging can be understood as the intersection of the study of biomechanical properties, imaging sciences, and physics. It was mainly motivated by the fact that pathological tissue presents an increased stiffness when compared to surrounding normal tissue. In the last two decades, research on elasticity imaging has been an international and interdisciplinary pursuit aiming to map the viscoelastic properties of tissue in order to provide clinically useful information. As a result, several modalities of elasticity imaging, mostly based on ultrasound but also on magnetic resonance imaging and optical coherence tomography, have been proposed and applied to a number of clinical applications: cancer diagnosis (prostate, breast, liver), hepatic cirrhosis, renal disease, thyroiditis, arterial plaque evaluation, wall stiffness in arteries, evaluation of thrombosis in veins, and many others. In this context, numerical methods are applied to solve forward and inverse problems implicit in the algorithms in order to estimate viscoelastic linear and nonlinear parameters, especially for quantitative elasticity imaging modalities. In this work, an introduction to elasticity imaging modalities is presented. The working principle of qualitative modalities (sonoelasticity, strain elastography, acoustic radiation force impulse) and quantitative modalities (Crawling Waves Sonoelastography, Spatially Modulated Ultrasound Radiation Force (SMURF), Supersonic Imaging) will be explained. Subsequently, the areas in which numerical methods can be applied to elasticity imaging are highlighted and discussed. Finally, we present a detailed example of applying total variation and AM-FM techniques to the estimation of elasticity.
7Li-7Li elastic and inelastic scattering at Elab=8-17 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bachmann, A.M.; Brand, H.; Freiesleben, H.; Leifels, Y.; Potthast, K.W.; Rosenthal, P.; Kamys, B.
1993-01-01
Elastic and inelastic scattering in the system 7 Li+ 7 Li was investigated experimentally in the energy range of E lab =8-17 MeV applying the method of kinematic coincidence. Sizeable cross sections were observed in the whole energy range for inelastic excitation of a single 7 Li nucleus to its first excited state at E * =0.47761 MeV as well as for mutual excitation of both nuclei. Systematic optical model and both one-step and two-step DWBA calculations were performed with the aim of describing in a consistent manner all three channels studied. This was achieved with optical model potentials fitted simultaneously to all elastic scattering data. They were then used to generate form factors for both single and mutual inelastic scattering as well as distorted waves for DWBA description of inelastic scattering considering the same deformation length for all form factors. Potential parameters derived show, despite these constraints, a continuous ambiguity in case of volume absorption while those with surface absorption can be grouped in six distinct families each of them featuring continuous ambiguities. The impact of real and imaginary form factors on single inelastic excitation is reversed for potentials with volume and surface absorption, while mutual excitation is dominated by imaginary form factors. (orig.)
Probing the phase of the elastic pp scattering amplitude with vortex proton beams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ivanov, I. P. [IFPA, Universite de Liege, Allee du 6 Aout 17, batiment B5a, 4000 Liege, Belgium Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, Koptyug avenue 4, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)
2013-04-15
We show that colliding vortex proton beams instead of (approximate) plane waves can lead to a direct measurement of how the overall phase of the scattering amplitude changes with the scattering angle. In elastic pp scattering, this will open a novel way to measure the parameter {rho}(t) and probe the real part of the Pomeron.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Haldipur, P.; Margetan, F. J.; Thompson, R. B.
2006-01-01
Single-crystal elastic stiffness constants are important input parameters for many calculations in material science. There are well established methods to measure these constants using single-crystal specimens, but such specimens are not always readily available. The ultrasonic properties of metal polycrystals, such as velocity, attenuation, and backscattered grain noise characteristics, depend in part on the single-crystal elastic constants. In this work we consider the estimation of elastic constants from UT measurements and grain-sizing data. We confine ourselves to a class of particularly simple polycrystalline microstructures, found in some jet-engine Nickel alloys, which are single-phase, cubic, equiaxed, and untextured. In past work we described a method to estimate the single-crystal elastic constants from measured ultrasonic velocity and attenuation data accompanied by metallographic analysis of grain size. However, that methodology assumes that all attenuation is due to grain scattering, and thus is not valid if appreciable absorption is present. In this work we describe an alternative approach which uses backscattered grain noise data in place of attenuation data. Efforts to validate the method using a pure copper specimen are discussed, and new results for two jet-engine Nickel alloys are presented
Small angle elastic scattering of protons off of spinless nuclei
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ling, A.G.
1988-07-01
Elastic differential cross sections and analyzing powers for 800 MeV protons incident on /sup 12/C, /sup 40/Ca, and /sup 208/Pb in the momentum transfer range 20 MeV/c < q < 130 MeV/c have been measured. The data was taken with the High Resolution Spectrometer (HRS) at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility. Special delay-line drift chambers with dead regions for the beam to pass through them were used to obtain the data. Through the interference of the Coulomb and nuclear contributions to the differential cross section in the small angle region, the ratio of the real to imaginary part of the forward nuclear amplitude ..cap alpha../sub n/(0) = Ref/sub n/(0)/Imf/sub n/(0) is extracted. The importance of knowing this quantity at lower energies in order to study the differences between relativistic and non-relativistic scattering theories is discussed. 130 refs., 60 figs., 12 tabs.
Portable bacterial identification system based on elastic light scatter patterns
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bae Euiwon
2012-08-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Conventional diagnosis and identification of bacteria requires shipment of samples to a laboratory for genetic and biochemical analysis. This process can take days and imposes significant delay to action in situations where timely intervention can save lives and reduce associated costs. To enable faster response to an outbreak, a low-cost, small-footprint, portable microbial-identification instrument using forward scatterometry has been developed. Results This device, weighing 9 lb and measuring 12 × 6 × 10.5 in., utilizes elastic light scatter (ELS patterns to accurately capture bacterial colony characteristics and delivers the classification results via wireless access. The overall system consists of two CCD cameras, one rotational and one translational stage, and a 635-nm laser diode. Various software algorithms such as Hough transform, 2-D geometric moments, and the traveling salesman problem (TSP have been implemented to provide colony count and circularity, centering process, and minimized travel time among colonies. Conclusions Experiments were conducted with four bacteria genera using pure and mixed plate and as proof of principle a field test was conducted in four different locations where the average classification rate ranged between 95 and 100%.
Super-elastic Scattering from Ca and Rb in a Magnetic Angle Changing Spectrometer
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Murray, Andrew; Hussey, Martyn; King, George; MacGillivray, William
2006-01-01
Super-elastic scattering measurements at 20eV incident energy are presented for calcium and rubidium, contrasting differences between alkali and alkali-earth targets. The laser excitation of calcium at 423nm is detailed, indicating the effects of optical pumping on the super-elastic scattering process. A new type of spectrometer is described which exploits a controlled magnetic field in the interaction region, allowing super-elastically scattered electrons to be detected over all geometries. The effects of the magnetic field on the laser-atom interaction are considered for calcium
Phase variation of nucleon-nucleon amplitude for proton-12C elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Deng Yibing; Wang Shilai; Yin Gaofang
2006-01-01
Franco and Yin studied for α- 4 He, 3 He, 2 He, 1 He elastic-scattering by using the phase of the nucleon-nucleon elastic-scattering amplitude varies with momentum transfer in the framework of Glauber multiple scattering theory at intermediate energy. The phase variation leads to large changes in the differential cross sections, and brings the Glauber theory into agreement with experimental data. Later Lombard and Maillet is based on the suggestion by Franco and Yin studied for the p- 4 He elastic-scattering in the framework of Glauber theory, and found this phase to be actually important for the description of spin observables. Recently Wang Shilai and Deng Yibing et al studied for the p- 4 He elastic-scattering in the framework of KMT multiple scattering theory at intermediate energy, and found this phase lead to differential cross sections and polarization, which are in better agreement with experimental data. This paper is based on the suggestion by Franco and Yin that the phase of the nucleon-nucleon scattering amplitude should vary with momentum transfer. The proton elastic scattering on 12 C is studied in the KMT multiple scattering theory with microscopic momentum space first term optical potential. The Coulomb interactions are taken into account in our calculation. The theoretical calculation results show that the phase leads to differential cross section and polarization are in better agreement with experimental data. In conclusion this phase is actually important in the framework of KMT theory. (authors)
Ouyang, Wei; Mao, Weijian
2018-03-01
An asymptotic quadratic true-amplitude inversion method for isotropic elastic P waves is proposed to invert medium parameters. The multicomponent P-wave scattered wavefield is computed based on a forward relationship using second-order Born approximation and corresponding high-frequency ray theoretical methods. Within the local double scattering mechanism, the P-wave transmission factors are elaborately calculated, which results in the radiation pattern for P-waves scattering being a quadratic combination of the density and Lamé's moduli perturbation parameters. We further express the elastic P-wave scattered wavefield in a form of generalized Radon transform (GRT). After introducing classical backprojection operators, we obtain an approximate solution of the inverse problem by solving a quadratic non-linear system. Numerical tests with synthetic data computed by finite-differences scheme demonstrate that our quadratic inversion can accurately invert perturbation parameters for strong perturbations, compared with the P-wave single-scattering linear inversion method. Although our inversion strategy here is only syncretized with P-wave scattering, it can be extended to invert multicomponent elastic data containing both P-wave and S-wave information.
Hulthén potential models for α− α and α− He3 elastic scattering
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
The merit of our approach is examined by computing elastic scattering phases through the judicious use of the phase function method. Reasonable ... Department of Physics, Government College of Engineering, Kalahandi 766 002, India; Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur 831 014, India ...
Total and elastic electron scattering cross sections from Xe at intermediate and high energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Garcia, G; Pablos, J L de; Blanco, F; Williart, A
2002-01-01
Experimental total electron scattering cross sections from Xe in the energy range 300-5000 eV have been obtained with experimental errors of about 3%. The method was based on the measurement of the attenuation of a linear electron beam through a Xe gas cell in combination with an electron spectroscopy technique to analyse the energy of the transmitted electrons. Differential and integral elastic cross sections have been calculated using a scattering potential method which includes relativistic effects. The consistency of our theoretical and experimental results is also discussed in the paper. Finally, analytical formulae depending on two parameters, namely the number of target electrons and the atomic polarizability, are given to reproduce the experimental data for Ne, Ar, Kr and Xe in the energy range 500-10 000 eV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nakagawa, Masayuki; Ishiguro, Yukio; Tokuno, Yukio.
1978-01-01
The self-shielding factors for elastic removal cross sections of light and medium weight nuclides were calculated for the parameter, σ 0 within the conventional concept of the group constant sets. The numerical study were performed for obtaining a simple and accurate method. The present results were compared with the exact values and the conventional ones, and shown to be remarkably improved. It became apparent that the anisotropy of the elastic scattering did not affect to the self-shielding factors though it did to the infinite dilution cross sections. With use of the present revised set, the neutron flux were calculated in an iron medium and in a prototype FBR and compared with those by the fine spectrum calculations and the conventional set. The present set showed the considerable improvement in the vicinity of the large resonance regions of sodium, iron and oxygen. (auth.)
Elastic and inelastic vibrational cross sections for positron scattering by carbon monoxide
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tenfen, W. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, 85770-000, Realeza, Paraná (Brazil); Arretche, F., E-mail: fartch@gmail.com [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 88040-900, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina (Brazil); Michelin, S.E.; Mazon, K.T. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 88040-900, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina (Brazil)
2015-11-01
The vibrational cross sections of the CO molecule induced by positron impact is the focus of this work. The positron–molecule interaction is represented by the static potential plus a model potential designed to take into account the positron–target correlations. To calculate the vibrational cross sections, we applied the multichannel version of the continued fractions method in the close-coupling scheme. We present vibrational excitation cross sections and elastic ones, for the ground and excited vibrational states. The results are interpreted in terms of the vibrational coupling-scheme used in the scattering model.
Effects of elastic and inelastic scattering in giving electrons tortuous paths in matter.
Turner, J E; Hamm, R N
1995-09-01
Heavy charged particles travel in essentially straight lines in matter, while electrons travel in tortuous paths. Frequent multiple elastic Coulomb scattering by atomic nuclei is often cited as the reason for this electron behavior. Heavy charged particles also undergo multiple Coulomb scattering. However, because they are massive, significant deflections occur only in rare, close encounters with nuclei. In contrast to heavy particles, the inelastic interaction of an electron with an atomic electron represents a collision with a particle of equal mass. In principle, therefore, repeated inelastic scattering of an electron can also produce large-angle deflections and thus contribute to the tortuous nature of an electron's track. To investigate the relative importance of elastic and inelastic scattering on determining the appearance of electron tracks, detailed Monte Carlo transport computations have been carried out for monoenergetic pencil beams of electrons normally incident on a water slab with initial energies from 1 keV to 1 MeV. The calculations have been performed with deflections due to (1) inelastic scattering only, (2) elastic scattering only, and (3) both types of scattering. Results are presented to show the spreading of the pencil beams with depth in the slab, the transmission through slabs of different thicknesses, and back-scattering from the slab. The results show that elastic nuclear scattering is indeed the principal physical process that causes electron paths to be tortuous; however, the smaller effect of inelastic electronic scattering is far from negligible.
Precise measurement in elastic electron scattering: HAPPEX and E-158 experiments
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vacheret, A.
2004-12-01
Parity Violation asymmetry measurements in elastic electron scattering are in one hand an interesting way of retrieving new informations about the sea quarks of the nucleon and in the other hand a powerful test of the Standard Model electroweak sector at low energy. This thesis describes the HAPPEX experiment at JLab and the E-158 experiment at SLAC (USA) which measure de parity violation asymmetries in elastic scattering of polarized electron on nuclei like Hydrogen or Helium and on atomic electrons. With the measurements on hadronic targets one can extract the strange quarks contribution to the charge and current density of the nucleon. With the electron-electron scattering one can test the standard model at the loop level and far from the Z pole by extracting sin 2 θ W . In this thesis we describe the formalism associated with the electroweak probe. We present in detail the experimental methods used to make such precise measurements of parity violation asymmetry. Then, we describe the experimental set-up of each experiment and in particular the electron detector and the feedback loop on the beam current for the HAPPEX experiment and the analysis of E-158 run III with a dedicated systematic study on the beam sub-pulse fluctuations. We present the preliminary results for each experiment with a comparison with the other existing results and the future experiments. (author)
Sizing of single evaporating droplet with Near-Forward Elastic Scattering Spectroscopy
Woźniak, M.; Jakubczyk, D.; Derkachov, G.; Archer, J.
2017-11-01
We have developed an optical setup and related numerical models to study evolution of single evaporating micro-droplets by analysis of their spectral properties. Our approach combines the advantages of the electrodynamic trapping with the broadband spectral analysis with the supercontinuum laser illumination. The elastically scattered light within the spectral range of 500-900 nm is observed by a spectrometer placed at the near-forward scattering angles between 4.3 ° and 16.2 ° and compared with the numerically generated lookup table of the broadband Mie scattering. Our solution has been successfully applied to infer the size evolution of the evaporating droplets of pure liquids (diethylene and ethylene glycol) and suspensions of nanoparticles (silica and gold nanoparticles in diethylene glycol), with maximal accuracy of ± 25 nm. The obtained results have been compared with the previously developed sizing techniques: (i) based on the analysis of the Mie scattering images - the Mie Scattering Lookup Table Method and (ii) the droplet weighting. Our approach provides possibility to handle levitating objects with much larger size range (radius from 0.5 μm to 30 μm) than with the use of optical tweezers (typically radius below 8 μm) and analyse them with much wider spectral range than with commonly used LED sources.
Negative pion-nucleus elastic scattering at 20 and 40 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Burleson, G.; Blanpied, G.; Cottingame, W.; Daw, G.; Park, B.; Seth, K.K.; Barlow, D.; Iversen, S.; Kaletka, M.; Nann, H.; Saha, A.; Smith, D.; Redwine, R.P.; Burger, W.; Farkhondeh, M.; Saghai, B.; Anderson, R.
1994-01-01
Differential cross sections for the elastic scattering of 20 and 40 MeV π - by nuclei ranging from 12 C to 208 Pb are reported. Comparisons are made with the predictions of the Michigan State University (MSU) optical potential
Cancer detection using NIR elastic light scattering and tissue fluorescence imaging
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Demos, S G; Staggs, M; Radousky, H B; Gandour-Edwards, R; deVere White, R
2000-12-04
Near infrared imaging using elastic light scattering and tissue fluorescence under long-wavelength laser excitation are explored for cancer detection. Various types of normal and malignant human tissue samples were utilized in this investigation.
Theoretical predictions for pp and panti p elastic scattering in the TeV energy domain
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bourrely, C.; Martin, A.
1984-01-01
We present theoretical predictions on total cross-sections and elastic scattering in the TeV energy domain obtained from the present experimental situation at the ISR and the panti p Collider. (orig.)
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 2 to 10 MeV protons by lithium isotopes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Laurat, M.
1969-01-01
A description is given of the experimental set-up which has been devised for carrying out spectrometric and absolute cross-section measurements on the reactions induced by protons accelerated in a 12 MeV Van de Graaff Tandem. The particles are detected by silicon junctions; the weight of the targets (about ten μg/cm 2 ) is determined by the quartz method. The experimental equipment has been controlled by a study of proton scattering by lithium-6, and has made it possible to evaluate the elastic and inelastic scattering (1. level excitation) by lithium 7 of 2 to 9 MeV protons. The most probable spin and parity values for the six levels of 8 Be between 19 and 25 MeV excitation energy have been determined from a knowledge of the observed structure. (author) [fr
ZZ ELAST2, Database of Cross Sections for the Elastic Scattering of Electrons and Positrons by Atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
2002-01-01
1 - Historical background and information: This database is an extension of the earlier database, 'Elastic Scattering of Electrons and Positrons by Atoms: Database ELAST', Report NISTIR 5188, 1993. Cross sections for the elastic scattering of electrons and positrons by atoms were calculated at energies from 1 KeV to 100 MeV. Up to 10 MeV the RELEL code of Riley was used. Above 10 MeV the ELSCAT code was used, which calculated the factored cross sections and evaluates the screening factor Kscr in WKB approximation. 2 - Application of the data: This database was developed to provide input for the transport codes, such as ETRAN, and includes differential cross sections, the total cross section, and the transport cross sections. In addition, a code TRANSX is provided that generates transport cross section of arbitrary order needed as input for the calculation of Goudsmit-Saunderson multiple-scattering angular distribution 3 - Source and scope of data: The database includes cross sections at 61 energies for electrons and 41 energies from positrons, covering the energy region from 1 KeV to 100 MeV. The number of deflection angles included in the database is 314 angles. Total and transport cross sections are also included in this package. The data files have an extension (jjj) that represents the atomic number of the target atom. The database includes auxiliary data files that enable the ELASTIC code to include the following optional modifications: (i) the inclusion of the exchange correction for electrons scattering; (ii) the conversion of the cross sections for scattering by free atoms to cross sections for scattering by atoms in solids; (iii) ti reduction of the cross sections at large angles and at high energies when the nucleus is treated as an extended rather than a point charge
A New Optimal Bound on Logarithmic Slope of Elastic Hadron-Hadron Scattering
Ion, D B
2005-01-01
In this paper we prove a new optimal bound on the logarithmic slope of the elastic slope when: elastic cross section and differential cross sections in forward and backward directions are known from experimental data. The results on the experimental tests of this new optimal bound are presented in Sect. 3 for the principal meson-nucleon elastic scatterings: pion-nucleon, kaon-nucleon at all available energies. Then we have shown that the saturation of this optimal bound is observed with high accuracy practically at all available energies in meson-nucleon scattering.
Elastic scattering of 10Be on 208Pb near the Coulomb barrier
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kolata, J.J.; Aguilera, E.F.; Garcia-Martinez, H.; Martinez-Quiroz, E.; Becchetti, F.D.; Chen Yu; Lupton, J. H.; DeYoung, P.A.; Hinnefeld, J.D.; Peaslee, G.
2004-01-01
The elastic scattering of 10 Be on 208 Pb has been measured over a range of energies near the nominal Coulomb barrier. An excitation function for the total reaction cross section is obtained from the elastic-scattering angular distributions and compared with existing fusion data. Comparisons are also made with existing fusion, transfer/breakup, and elastic data for 9 Be incident on 209 Bi. A strong enhancement in the sub-barrier total reaction cross section for 9 Be+ 209 Bi relative to 10 Be+ 208 Pb is demonstrated
Nuclear and partonic dynamics in high energy elastic nucleus-nucleus scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Malecki, A.
1991-01-01
A hybrid description of diffraction which combines a geometrical modelling of multiple scattering with many-channel effects resulting from intrinsic dynamics on nuclear and sub-nuclear level is presented. The application to the 4 He- 4 He elastic scattering is very satisfactory. Our analysis suggests that at large momentum transfers the parton constituents of nucleons immersed in nuclei are deconfined. (author)
Regeta, Khrystyna; Allan, Michael; Winstead, Carl; McKoy, Vincent; Mašín, Zdeněk; Gorfinkiel, Jimena D
2016-01-14
We measured differential cross sections for elastic (rotationally integrated) electron scattering on pyrimidine, both as a function of angle up to 180(∘) at electron energies of 1, 5, 10, and 20 eV and as a function of electron energy in the range 0.1-14 eV. The experimental results are compared to the results of the fixed-nuclei Schwinger variational and R-matrix theoretical methods, which reproduce satisfactorily the magnitudes and shapes of the experimental cross sections. The emphasis of the present work is on recording detailed excitation functions revealing resonances in the excitation process. Resonant structures are observed at 0.2, 0.7, and 4.35 eV and calculations for different symmetries confirm their assignment as the X̃(2)A2, Ã(2)B1, and B̃(2)B1 shape resonances. As a consequence of superposition of coherent resonant amplitudes with background scattering the B̃(2)B1 shape resonance appears as a peak, a dip, or a step function in the cross sections recorded as a function of energy at different scattering angles and this effect is satisfactorily reproduced by theory. The dip and peak contributions at different scattering angles partially compensate, making the resonance nearly invisible in the integral cross section. Vibrationally integrated cross sections were also measured at 1, 5, 10 and 20 eV and the question of whether the fixed-nuclei cross sections should be compared to vibrationally elastic or vibrationally integrated cross section is discussed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wasaye Muhammad Abdul
2017-01-01
Full Text Available An algorithm for the Monte Carlo simulation of electron multiple elastic scattering based on the framework of SuperMC (Super Monte Carlo simulation program for nuclear and radiation process is presented. This paper describes efficient and accurate methods by which the multiple scattering angular deflections are sampled. The Goudsmit-Saunderson theory of multiple scattering has been used for sampling angular deflections. Differential cross-sections of electrons and positrons by neutral atoms have been calculated by using Dirac partial wave program ELSEPA. The Legendre coefficients are accurately computed by using the Gauss-Legendre integration method. Finally, a novel hybrid method for sampling angular distribution has been developed. The model uses efficient rejection sampling method for low energy electrons (500 mean free paths. For small path lengths, a simple, efficient and accurate analytical distribution function has been proposed. The later uses adjustable parameters determined from the fitting of Goudsmith-Saunderson angular distribution. A discussion of the sampling efficiency and accuracy of this newly developed algorithm is given. The efficiency of rejection sampling algorithm is at least 50 % for electron kinetic energies less than 500 keV and longer path lengths (>500 mean free paths. Monte Carlo Simulation results are then compared with measured angular distributions of Ross et al. The comparison shows that our results are in good agreement with experimental measurements.
Elastic Neutron Scattering at 96 MeV from {sup 12}C and {sup 208}Pb
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Klug, J.; Blomgren, J.; Atac, A. [and others
2003-04-01
A facility for detection of scattered neutrons in the energy interval 50-130 MeV, SCANDAL (SCAttered Nucleon Detection AssembLy), has recently been installed at the 20-180 MeV neutron beam line of the The Svedberg Laboratory, Uppsala. Elastic neutron scattering from {sup 12}C and {sup 208}Pb has been studied at 96 MeV in the 10-70 deg interval. The achieved energy resolution, 3.7 MeV, is about an order of magnitude better than for any previous experiment above 65 MeV incident energy. The present experiment represents the highest neutron energy where the ground state has been resolved from the first excited state in neutron scattering. A novel method for normalization of the absolute scale of the cross section has been used. The estimated uncertainty, 3 %, is unprecedented for a neutron-induced differential cross section measurement on a nuclear target. The results are compared with modern optical model predictions, based on phenomenology or microscopic nuclear theory.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Salas, E.; Jimenez-Villacorta, F.; Jimenez Rioboo, R.J.; Prieto, C. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Sanchez-Marcos, J. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Departamento de Quimica-Fisica Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Munoz-Martin, A.; Prieto, J.E.; Joco, V. [Centro de Microanalisis de Materiales, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain)
2013-03-15
Surface acoustic wave (SAW) velocity has been determined by high resolution Brillouin light scattering to study the mechano-elastic properties of boron carbide films prepared by radio frequency (RF) sputtering. The comparison of experimentally observed elastic behaviour with simulations made by considering film composition obtained from elastic recoil detection analysis-time of flight (ERDA-ToF) spectroscopy allows establishing that elastic properties are determined by that of crystalline boron carbide with a lessening of the SAW velocity values due to surface oxidation. (Copyright copyright 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Measurement of recoil photon polarisation in the electron-proton elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buon, Jean
1965-02-01
This research thesis reports and discusses an experiment which aimed at checking the validity of the Born approximation at the first order in the elastic scattering of high energy electrons on protons. In this experiment, the recoil proton polarisation is measured in an elastic scattering of electrons with energy of 950 MeV and scattering at about 90 degrees in the mass centre system. The author describes the experimental installation, its operation and data collection, reports the analysis of photos and polarisation calculations and errors [fr
On the information content of heavy-ion elastic scattering angular distribution
Pozdnyakov, Y A
2002-01-01
The method of calculation of the summary cross section sigma sub F of complete and incomplete fusion, quasifission and deep inelastic collision and total peripheral reaction cross section sigma sub D is developed on the basis of heavy-ion elastic-scattering angular-distribution analysis. The method allows to understand sigma sub F and sigma sub D formation mechanism for both strongly and weakly bound ions. The method permits to calculate quantitative characteristics of fusion enhancement (and corresponding weakening of peripheral reactions) for strongly bound ions and, vice versa, of fusion hindrance (and corresponding enhancement of peripheral reactions) for weakly bound ones. The possibilities of the method are demonstrated for two systems, sup 1 sup 6 O + sup 2 sup 0 sup 8 Pb and sup 9 Be + sup 2 sup 8 Si, the former is for a strongly bound projectile and the latter is for a weakly bound one
Analysis of α-12C elastic scattering at intermediate energies by the S-matrix model
Berezhnoy, Yu. A.; Onyshchenko, G. M.; Pilipenko, V. V.
The results of calculations of differential cross-sections for α-12C elastic scattering by the S-matrix model are presented for 10 energy values in the energy range 65MeV ≤ Eα ≤ 386MeV in a wide range of scattering angles. The behavior of various scattering characteristics as functions of the projectile energy is analyzed. It is shown that the chosen parametrization of S-matrix allows describing correctly the Fraunhofer oscillations of the cross-sections in the region of small scattering angles and the rainbow scattering pattern in the region of sufficiently large angles.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Magazù, S.; Migliardo, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica e di Scienze della Terra dell’, Università degli Studi di Messina, Viale F. S. D’Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina (Italy); Vertessy, B.G. [Institute of Enzymology, Hungarian Academy of Science, Budapest (Hungary); Caccamo, M.T., E-mail: maccamo@unime.it [Dipartimento di Fisica e di Scienze della Terra dell’, Università degli Studi di Messina, Viale F. S. D’Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina (Italy)
2013-10-16
Highlights: • Innovative multiresolution wavelet analysis of elastic incoherent neutron scattering. • Elastic Incoherent Neutron Scattering measurements on homologues disaccharides. • EINS wavevector analysis. • EINS temperature analysis. - Abstract: In the present paper the results of a wavevector and thermal analysis of Elastic Incoherent Neutron Scattering (EINS) data collected on water mixtures of three homologous disaccharides through a wavelet approach are reported. The wavelet analysis allows to compare both the spatial properties of the three systems in the wavevector range of Q = 0.27 Å{sup −1} ÷ 4.27 Å{sup −1}. It emerges that, differently from previous analyses, for trehalose the scalograms are constantly lower and sharper in respect to maltose and sucrose, giving rise to a global spectral density along the wavevector range markedly less extended. As far as the thermal analysis is concerned, the global scattered intensity profiles suggest a higher thermal restrain of trehalose in respect to the other two homologous disaccharides.
Numerical modelling of multiple scattering between two elastical particles
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bjørnø, Irina; Jensen, Leif Bjørnø
1998-01-01
in suspension have been studied extensively since Foldy's formulation of his theory for isotropic scattering by randomly distributed scatterers. However, a number of important problems related to multiple scattering are still far from finding their solutions. A particular, but still unsolved, problem......Multiple acoustical signal interactions with sediment particles in the vicinity of the seabed may significantly change the course of sediment concentration profiles determined by inversion from acoustical backscattering measurements. The scattering properties of high concentrations of sediments...... is the question of proximity thresholds for influence of multiple scattering in terms of particle properties like volume fraction, average distance between particles or other related parameters. A few available experimental data indicate a significance of multiple scattering in suspensions where the concentration...
Study of the elastic scattering differential cross sections of a proton beam by a cesium target
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
El Maddarsi, Mohamed.
1978-01-01
The elastic differential cross section of H + on Cs is studied experimentally and theoretically. The experimental device is described, after which the differential cross-section values obtained as a function of the laboratory angle are given for four incident energies: 13.4 eV, 15.1 eV, 17.7 eV and 24.2 eV. By means of an interaction potential of the quasi-molecule H + Cs the differential cross sections are calculated for the same incident energies; this calculation uses the semi-classical method of stationary phases which shows clearly the limits of conventional description and the changes introduced by quantum effects. Very good agreement is obtained between theoretical and experimental results, which shows that elastic scattering is very little perturbed by inelastic channels in this energy range. The estimated inelastic cross section at 24 eV is about 1.9 10 -15 cm 2 , corresponding to 1.6% of the scattering process [fr
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dorman, Mark Edward [Univ. College London, Bloomsbury (United Kingdom)
2008-04-01
The Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (MINOS) is a long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment based at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) in Chicago, Illinois. MINOS measures neutrino interactions in two large iron-scintillator tracking/sampling calorimeters; the Near Detector on-site at FNAL and the Far Detector located in the Soudan mine in northern Minnesota. The Near Detector has recorded a large number of neutrino interactions and this high statistics dataset can be used to make precision measurements of neutrino interaction cross sections. The cross section for charged-current quasi-elastic scattering has been measured by a number of previous experiments and these measurements disagree by up to 30%. A method to select a quasi-elastic enriched sample of neutrino interactions in the MINOS Near Detector is presented and a procedure to fit the kinematic distributions of this sample and extract the quasi-elastic cross section is introduced. The accuracy and robustness of the fitting procedure is studied using mock data and finally results from fits to the MINOS Near Detector data are presented.
Introduction to the theory of elastic neutron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blume, M.
1976-01-01
A theoretical comparison is made of the experimental techniques used in slow neutron scattering from solids and liquids and those of x-ray scattering, in order to see the similarities and the differences in the information they provide about the structure of matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jablonskiz, A.; Salvatz, F.; Powellz, C.J.
2004-01-01
Inelastic mean free paths (IMFPs) of electrons with energies between 100 eV and 5,000 eV have been frequently obtained from measurements of elastic-backscattering probabilities for different specimen materials. A calculation of these probabilities is also required to determine IMFPs. We report calculations of elastic-backscattering probabilities for gold at energies of 100 eV and 500 eV with differential elastic-scattering cross sections obtained from the Thomas-Fermi-Dirac potential and the more reliable Dirac-Hartree-Fock potential. For two representative experimental configurations, the average deviation between IMFPs obtained with cross sections from the two potentials was 11.4 %. (author)
Mathematical methods in electro-magneto-elasticity
Bardzokas, DI; Filshtinsky, LA
2007-01-01
The mechanics of Coupled Fields is a discipline at the edge of modern research connecting Continuum Mechanics with Solid State Physics. It integrates the Mechanics of Continuous Media, Heat Conductivity and the theory of Electromagnetism that are usually studied separately. For an accurate description of the influence of static and dynamic loadings, high temperatures and strong electromagnetic fields in elastic media and constructive installations, a new approach is required; an approach that has the potential to establish a synergism between the above mentioned fields. Throughout the book a vast number of problems are considered: two-dimensional problems of electro-magneto-elasticity as well as static and dynamical problems for piecewise homogenous compound piezoelectric plates weakened by cracks and openings. The boundary conditions, the constructive equations and the mathematical methods for their solution are thoroughly presented, so that the reader can get a clear quantitative and qualitative understandi...
Microscopic study of {sup 6}He elastic scattering around the Coulomb barrier
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Descouvemont, P. [Physique Nucléaire Théorique et Physique Mathématique, C.P. 229, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), B 1050 Brussels (Belgium)
2016-07-07
We investigate {sup 6}He scattering on {sup 27}Al, {sup 58}Ni, {sup 120}Sn, and {sup 208}Pb in a microscopic version of the Continuum Discretized Coupled Channel (CDCC) method. We essentially focus on energies around the Coulomb barrier. The {sup 6}He nucleus is described by an antisymmetric 6-nucleon wave function, defined in the Resonating Group Method. The {sup 6}He continuum is simulated by square-integrable positive-energy states. The model does not depend on any adjustable parameter as it is based only on well known nucleon-target potentials. We show that experimental elastic cross sections are fairly well reproduced. The calculation suggests that breakup effects increase for high target masses. For a light system such as {sup 6}He+{sup 27}Al, breakup effects are small, and a single-channel approximation provides fair results.
Yılmaz, Hasan; Yılmaz, Huzeyfe; Tamer, Mehmet Selman; Gürlü, Oǧuzhan; Murib, Mohammed Sharif; Serpengüzel, Ali
2017-12-01
The effect of the discrete values of the refractive index of the surrounding medium on the spectral behavior of the whispering-gallery modes (WGMs) in the elastic scattering spectra of high-refractive-index silica microspheres submerged in fluids, such as air, water, and glycerol, is studied. The elastic scattering spectral measurements, as well as the spectral autocorrelation analysis of these elastic scattering spectra show that the spectral-mode spacing, the spectral-mode density, and the spectral-mode definition of the WGMs decrease as the refractive index of the surrounding fluid increases. We believe that this work opens up the way for optofluidic applications of high-refractive-index silica microsphere-based guided wave optics.
The analysis of the elastic scattering of {sup 11}Be and {sup 6}Li by adiabatic approximation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Takagi, S. [Osaka City Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics
2000-01-01
The unstable nuclei, particularly, the neutron halo nuclei which exist near by the neutron dripline, are recently one of the interesting topics in the nuclear physics. By the adiabatic approximation, R. C. Jhonson et al. have reproduced the experimental differential cross-section of the elastic scattering of the neutron halo nucleus {sup 11}Be (+{sup l2}C) [1]. We have applied their method to the elastic scattering of another nucleus {sup 6}Li which is not a halo nucleus but has the cluster structure as {sup 11}Be. But it couldn't reproduce the experimental data, so that the method of Johnson et al. is poor in the case of {sup 6}Li. (author)
High-Energy antipp and pp Elastic Scattering and Nucleon Structure
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Islam, M.M.; Innocente, V.; Fearnley, T.; Sanguinetti, G.
1987-01-01
High-energy antipp and pp elastic data from the CERN Collider and the ISR are analyzed in the nucleon valence core model. Diffraction is described by a profile function that incorporates crossing symmetry and saturation of Froissart-Martin bound. The model is found to provide a very satisfactory description of the elastic scattering over the whole range of energy and momentum transfer. Implications of the analysis on QCD models of nucleon structure are pointed out
High-Energy antipp and pp Elastic Scattering and Nucleon Structure
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Islam, M.M.; Innocente, V.; Fearnley, T.; Sanguinetti, G.
1987-07-15
High-energy antipp and pp elastic data from the CERN Collider and the ISR are analyzed in the nucleon valence core model. Diffraction is described by a profile function that incorporates crossing symmetry and saturation of Froissart-Martin bound. The model is found to provide a very satisfactory description of the elastic scattering over the whole range of energy and momentum transfer. Implications of the analysis on QCD models of nucleon structure are pointed out.
Energy dependence of the 6Li + 16O elastic scattering versus that of 7Li + 16O
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rudchik, A.T.; Zelinskyi, R.M.; Chercas, K.A.; Rudchik, A.A.; Pirnak, V.M.; Ponkratenko, O.A.; Kemper, K.W.; Plujko, V.A.
2013-01-01
Existing data for the 6 Li + 16 O elastic scattering at E c.m. =3.27 -36.8MeV were analyzed within the optical model and coupled-reaction-channels method. The 6 Li + 16 O elastic and inelastic scattering as well as the reorientation of 6 Li and the simplest transfer reactions were included in the coupled-channels scheme. The 6 Li + 16 O potential parameters at different energies as well as their energy dependence were deduced by the use of the dispersion relation between the real and imaginary parts of the potential. The contributions of the 6 Li reorientation and transfer reactions to the 6 Li + 16 O elastic scattering channel were estimated at the different energies. It is found that the potential scattering dominates the interaction at smaller angles for all energies, with the transfers contributing significantly at larger angles at the highest energies studied. The real part of the 6 Li + 16 O deduced potential is in reasonable agreement with that of a corresponding folding potential. The isotopic difference between the 6 Li + 16 O and 7 Li + 16 O optical potentials is larger for the imaginary potentials. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tag-El-Din, I.M.A; Hassan, S.S.A; Hanaya, A.M
2010-01-01
In the framework of Glauber multiple scattering model, the full hadron- 3 He elastic scattering amplitude, using sum gaussian wave function, is derived . The contribution of the nucleon swelling to elastic scattering differential and total cross section at intermediate energies is studied. Two scenarios are examined. Firstly , the swelling parameter is taken as a linear function of the ground state nuclear density distribution of the target nucleus. Secondly, the swelling of the nucleon in nuclear medium arises from pauli blocking. It is found that the two scenarios with the modified values of the ratio of real-to imaginary forward hadron -nucleon amplitude, play nearly the same weight to obtain a reasonable agreement with the experimental data of the differential elastic scattering cross-section, specially at and beyond the region of first minima. Our treatment indicated that the best values of swelling parameter from χ 2 method led to increase the hadron-bound nucleon size total cross-section by about 6-8 %.
Two-Photon-Exchange Correction to Parity-Violating Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andrei Afanasev; Carl Carlson
2005-02-01
Higher-order QED effects play an important role in precision measurements of nucleon elastic form factors in electron scattering. Here we introduce a two-photon exchange QED correction to the parity-violating polarization asymmetry of elastic electron-proton scattering. We calculate this correction in the parton model using the formalism of generalized parton distributions, and demonstrate that it can reach several per cent in certain kinematics, becoming comparable in size with existing experimental measurements of strange-quark effects in the proton neutral weak current.
E710, $p\\bar{p}$ Elastic Scattering at Tevatron Energies
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sadr, Sasan [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
1993-11-01
Experiment E710, located at site EO of the Tevatron collider at Fermilab, was conceived in order to measure $p\\bar{p}$ elastic scattering. The measured parameters were: the total cross section $\\sigma_t$, the ratio of the real to the imaginary part of the forward scattering amplitude $p$, the nuclear slope parameter B, the nuclear curvature parameter C, the total elastic cross section $\\sigma_{el}$, and the single diffractive cross section $\\sigma_{sd}$. These measurements were taken at center-of-mass energies of $\\sqrt{s}$= 1.02 and 1.8 TeV.
Influence of the halo upon angular distributions for elastic scattering and breakup
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Capel, P.; Hussein, M.S.; Baye, D.
2010-01-01
The angular distributions for elastic scattering and breakup of halo nuclei are analysed using a near-side/far-side decomposition within the framework of the dynamical eikonal approximation. This analysis is performed for 11 Be impinging on Pb at 69 MeV/nucleon. These distributions exhibit very similar features. In particular they are both near-side dominated, as expected from Coulomb-dominated reactions. The general shape of these distributions is sensitive mostly to the projectile-target interactions, but is also affected by the extension of the halo. This suggests the elastic scattering not to be affected by a loss of flux towards the breakup channel.
Elastic scattering and total reaction cross section for the 6He + 27Al system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Benjamim, E.A.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Mendes Junior, D.R.; Lichtenthaeler, R.; Guimaraes, V.; Gomes, P.R.S.; Chamon, L.C.; Hussein, M.S.; Moro, A.M.; Arazi, A.; Padron, I.; Alcantara Nunez, J.; Assuncao, M.; Barioni, A.; Camargo, O.; Denke, R.Z.; Faria, P.N. de; Pires, K.C.C.
2007-01-01
The elastic scattering of the radioactive halo nucleus 6 He on 27 Al target was measured at four energies close to the Coulomb barrier using the RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brazil) facility. The Sao Paulo Potential (SPP) was used and its diffuseness and imaginary strength were adjusted to fit the elastic scattering angular distributions. Reaction cross-sections were extracted from the optical model fits. The reduced reaction cross-sections of 6 He on 27 Al are similar to those for stable, weakly bound projectiles as 6,7 Li, 9 Be and larger than stable, tightly bound projectile as 16 O on 27 Al
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bigio, I.J.; Boyer, J.; Johnson, T.M.; Lacey, J.; Mourant, J.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Conn, R. [Lovelace Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bohorfoush, A. [Wisconsin Medical School, Milwaukee, WI (United States)
1994-10-01
The Los Alamos National Laboratory has continued the development of the Optical Biopsy System (OBS) for noninvasive, real-time in situ diagnosis of tissue pathologies. Our clinical studies have expanded since the last Biomedical Optics Europe conference (Budapest, September 1993), and we report here on the latest results of clinical tests in gastrointestinal tract. The OBS invokes a unique approach to optical diagnosis of tissue pathologies based on the elastic scattering properties, over a wide range of wavelengths, of the tissue. The use of elastic scattering as the key to optical tissue diagnostics in the OBS is based on the fact that many tissue pathologies, including a majority of cancer forms, manifest significant architectural changes at the cellular and sub-cellular level. Since the cellular components that cause elastic scattering have dimensions typically on the order of visible to near-IR wavelengths, the elastic (Mie) scattering properties will be wavelength dependent. Thus, morphology and size changes can be expected to cause significant changes in an optical signature that is derived from the wavelength-dependence of elastic scattering. The OBS employs a small fiberoptic probe that is amenable to use with any endoscope or catheter, or to direct surface examination. The probe is designed to be used in optical contact with the tissue under examination and has separate illuminating and collecting fibers. Thus, the light that is collected and transmitted to the analyzing spectrometer must first scatter through a small volume of the tissue before entering the collection fiber(s). Consequently, the system is also sensitive to the optical absorption spectrum of the tissue, over an effective operating range of <300 to 950 nm, and such absorption adds valuable complexity to the scattering spectral signature.
Study of the electrons elastic scattering by atoms through pseudopotentials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bettega, M.H.F.
1990-01-01
Pseudopotentials allow an extraordinary simplification in the calculation of the electronic structure of atoms, molecules and crystals. Though they have been used extensively for electronic structure calculations, little is known of their applicability to scattering. A study of the pseudopotentials of Bachelet, Hamann and Schuter in the electron scattering by atoms was made, calculating phase-shifts and cross sections for angular momenta 1=0,1 and 2 and energy up to 5 R y. The results for the pseudopotential were compared all-electron calculations. The agreement is very good in a broad energy band. A simplification of the calculation of scattering by complex molecules where an all-electron calculation is impossible is aimed. (author)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Uskov, Alexander V.; Tromborg, Bjarne; Jauho, Antti-Pekka
2000-01-01
The spectral linewidth of optical transitions in quantum dots is shown to be strongly broadened by elastic scattering of LO phonons on the confined carriers. The scattering does not excite the carriers but results in a large dephasing rate.......The spectral linewidth of optical transitions in quantum dots is shown to be strongly broadened by elastic scattering of LO phonons on the confined carriers. The scattering does not excite the carriers but results in a large dephasing rate....
Excitation function of elastic $pp$ scattering from a unitarily extended Bialas-Bzdak model
Nemes, F.; Csanád, M.
2014-01-01
The Bialas-Bzdak model of elastic proton-proton scattering assumes a purely imaginary forward scattering amplitude, which consequently vanishes at the diffractive minima. We extended the model to arbitrarily large real parts in a way that constraints from unitarity are satisfied. The resulting model is able to describe elastic $pp$ scattering not only at the lower ISR energies but also at $\\sqrt{s}=$7 TeV in a statistically acceptable manner, both in the diffractive cone and in the region of the first diffractive minimum. The total cross-section as well as the differential cross-section of elastic proton-proton scattering is predicted for the future LHC energies of $\\sqrt{s}=$8, 13, 14, 15 TeV and also to 28 TeV. A non-trivial, significantly non-exponential feature of the differential cross-section of elastic proton-proton scattering is analyzed and the excitation function of the non-exponential behavior is predicted. The excitation function of the shadow profiles is discussed and related to saturation at sma...
Excitation function of elastic $pp$ scattering from a unitarily extended Bialas-Bzdak model
Nemes, F.; Csanád, M.
2015-01-01
The Bialas-Bzdak model of elastic proton-proton scattering assumes a purely imaginary forward scattering amplitude, which consequently vanishes at the diffractive minima. We extended the model to arbitrarily large real parts in a way that constraints from unitarity are satisfied. The resulting model is able to describe elastic $pp$ scattering not only at the lower ISR energies but also at $\\sqrt{s}=$7~TeV in a statistically acceptable manner, both in the diffractive cone and in the region of the first diffractive minimum. The total cross-section as well as the differential cross-section of elastic proton-proton scattering is predicted for the future LHC energies of $\\sqrt{s}=$13, 14, 15~TeV and also to 28~TeV. A non-trivial, significantly non-exponential feature of the differential cross-section of elastic proton-proton scattering is analyzed and the excitation function of the non-exponential behavior is predicted. The excitation function of the shadow profiles is discussed and related to saturation at small ...
Correlation effects in R-matrix calculations of electron-F2 elastic scattering cross sections.
Tarana, Michal; Horácek, Jirí
2007-10-21
Correlation effects are studied in electron scattering off the fluorine molecule. Fixed-nuclei approximation R-matrix calculations of the elastic collision cross sections are presented for a set of internuclear distances at three levels of correlation. The aim of this work is to study the role of electronic correlation on the properties of the 2Sigmau resonance. The Feshbach-Fano R-matrix method of resonance-background separation is used to study the effect of inclusion of various levels of correlation on the energy and width of the 2Sigmau resonance. Data required for construction of the nonlocal resonance model (construction of a discrete state and its coupling to the continuum) which allows the calculation of inelastic processes such as dissociative electron attachment and vibrational excitation [W. Domcke, Phys. Rep. 208, 97 (1991)] including the correlation are presented.
Schwarz, R.; Kolodzey, J. S.; Wagner, S.; Kouzes, R. T.
1987-01-01
Depth profiles of various constituents and impurities of thin films were obtained simultaneously by a nuclear coincidence method. The energy spectrum of elastically scattered 12 MeV protons, measured by a high-resolution magnetic spectrometer, was used for constituent identification and total content determination. Constituents of interest were selected by software pulse height discrimination and their depth profiles were obtained from the recoil energy spectrum, measured by a surface barrier detector telescope. Thin films of Teflon, of carbon, and of amorphous hydrogenated silicon were measured. The best possible depth resolution is about 20 nm for carbon and is limited by the beam energy spread and the energy resolution of the solid state detectors.
Cross section calculation for electron impact ionization and elastic scattering from cisplatin
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zywicka, B.; Mozejko, P.
2012-01-01
One of the drugs which is typically used in chemotherapy is cisplatin (H 6 N 2 Cl 2 Pt). Chemotherapy is often successfully connected with the ionizing radiation treatment. Our work deals with the elastic electron scattering and electron impact ionization of cisplatin molecule. Total cross section for single electron-impact ionization of cisplatin molecule has been calculated with the binary-encounter-Bethe (BEB) model from the ionization threshold up to 5 keV. To obtain input data for the BEB calculations, geometric and electronic structures of the cisplatin have been studied with quantum chemical methods. Elastic cross section for electron collisions with cisplatin have also been evaluated using independent atom method with static-polarization model potential for incident energies ranging from 50 to 3000 eV. The obtained geometric structure of cisplatin is compared with available experimental and theoretical data. Calculated cross sections have been compared with related cross sections for selected purine and pyrimidine bases, they appear to be similar in values
Mechanism of elastic and inelastic proton scattering on a {sup 15}C nucleus in diffraction theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ibraeva, E. T., E-mail: ibr@inp.kz [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Zhusupov, M. A. [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (Kazakhstan); Imambekov, O. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan)
2012-11-15
The amplitudes for elastic and inelastic proton scattering on the neutron-rich nucleus {sup 15}C (to its J{sup {pi}} = 5/2{sup +} level in the latter case) in inverse kinematics were calculated within Glauber diffraction theory. First- and second-order terms were taken into account in the multiple-scattering operator. The {sup 15}C wave function in the multiparticle shell model was used. This made it possible to calculate not only respective differential cross sections but also the contribution of proton scattering on nucleons occurring in different shells. The differential cross sections for elastic and inelastic scattering were calculated at the energies of 0.2, 0.6, and 1 GeV per nucleon.
Structure of light neutron-rich nuclei and mechanism of elastic proton scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ibraeva, E. T., E-mail: ibr@inp.kz [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Zhusupov, M. A. [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (Kazakhstan); Imambekov, O. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan)
2011-11-15
Differential cross sections for elastic p{sup 6}He, p{sup 8}Li, and p{sup 9}Li scattering at two energies of 70 and 700 MeV per nucleon were calculated within the Glauber theory of multiple diffractive scattering. Threeparticle wave functions ({alpha}-n-n for {sup 6}He, {alpha}-t-n for {sup 8}Li, and {sup 7}Li-n-n for {sup 9}Li) were used for realistic potentials of intercluster interactions. The sensitivity of elastic scattering to proton-nucleus interaction and to the structure of nuclei was explored. In particular, the dependence of the differential cross section on the contribution of higher order collisions, on scattering on the core and peripheral nucleons, and on the contribution of small wave-function components and their asymptotic behavior was determined. A comparison with available experimental data and with the results of calculations within different formalisms was performed.
Unified quantum theory of elastic and inelastic atomic scattering from a physisorbed monolayer solid
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bruch, L. W.; Hansen, Flemming Yssing; Dammann, Bernd
2017-01-01
A unified quantum theory of the elastic and inelastic scattering of low energy He atoms by a physisorbed monolayer solid in the one-phonon approximation is given. It uses a time-dependent wave packet with phonon creation and annihilation components and has a self-consistent feedback between...... the wave functions for elastic and inelastic scattered atoms. An attenuation of diffraction scattering by inelastic processes thus is inherent in the theory. The atomic motion and monolayer vibrations in the harmonic approximation are treated quantum mechanically and unitarity is preserved. The evaluation...... of specific one-phonon events includes contributions from diffuse inelastic scattering in other phonon modes. Effects of thermally excited phonons are included using a mean field approximation. The theory is applied to an incommensurate Xe/Pt(111) monolayer (incident energy Ei = 4-16 meV), a commensurate Xe...
Evaluation of anemia diagnosis based on elastic light scattering (Conference Presentation)
Tong, Lieshu; Wang, Xinrui; Xie, Dengling; Chen, Xiaoya; Chu, Kaiqin; Dou, Hu; Smith, Zachary J.
2017-03-01
Currently, one-third of humanity is still suffering from anemia. In China the most common forms of anemia are iron deficiency and Thalassemia minor. Differentiating these two is the key to effective treatment. Iron deficiency is caused by malnutrition and can be cured by iron supplementation. Thalassemia is a hereditary disease in which the hemoglobin β chain is lowered or absent. Iron therapy is not effective, and there is evidence that iron therapy may be harmful to patients with Thalassemia. Both anemias can be diagnosed using red blood cell morphology: Iron deficiency presents a smaller mean cell volume compared to normal cells, but with a wide distribution; Thalassemia, meanwhile, presents a very small cell size and tight particle size distribution. Several researchers have proposed diagnostic indices based on red cell morphology to differentiate these two diseases. However, these indices lack sensitivity and specificity and are constructed without statistical rigor. Using multivariate methods we demonstrate a new classification method based on red cell morphology that diagnoses anemia in a Chinese population with enough accuracy for its use as a screening method. We further demonstrate a low cost instrument that precisely measures red cell morphology using elastic light scattering. This instrument is combined with an automated analysis program that processes scattering data to report red cell morphology without the need for user intervention. Despite using consumer-grade components, when comparing our experimental results with gold-standard measurements, the device can still achieve the high precision required for sensing clinically significant changes in red cell morphology.
Mitri, Farid G
2012-08-01
This work presents the general theory of resonance scattering (GTRS) by an elastic spherical shell immersed in a nonviscous fluid and placed arbitrarily in an acoustic beam. The GTRS formulation is valid for a spherical shell of any size and material regardless of its location relative to the incident beam. It is shown here that the scattering coefficients derived for a spherical shell immersed in water and placed in an arbitrary beam equal those obtained for plane wave incidence. Numerical examples for an elastic shell placed in the field of acoustical Bessel beams of different types, namely, a zero-order Bessel beam and first-order Bessel vortex and trigonometric (nonvortex) beams are provided. The scattered pressure is expressed using a generalized partial-wave series expansion involving the beam-shape coefficients (BSCs), the scattering coefficients of the spherical shell, and the half-cone angle of the beam. The BSCs are evaluated using the numerical discrete spherical harmonics transform (DSHT). The far-field acoustic resonance scattering directivity diagrams are calculated for an albuminoidal shell immersed in water and filled with perfluoropropane gas, by subtracting an appropriate background from the total far-field form function. The properties related to the arbitrary scattering are analyzed and discussed. The results are of particular importance in acoustical scattering applications involving imaging and beam-forming for transducer design. Moreover, the GTRS method can be applied to investigate the scattering of any beam of arbitrary shape that satisfies the source-free Helmholtz equation, and the method can be readily adapted to viscoelastic spherical shells or spheres.
Aoun, Bachir; Pellegrini, Eric; Trapp, Marcus; Natali, Francesca; Cantù, Laura; Brocca, Paola; Gerelli, Yuri; Demé, Bruno; Marek Koza, Michael; Johnson, Mark; Peters, Judith
2016-04-01
Neutron scattering techniques have been employed to investigate 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn -glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) membranes in the form of multilamellar vesicles (MLVs) and deposited, stacked multilamellar-bilayers (MLBs), covering transitions from the gel to the liquid phase. Neutron diffraction was used to characterise the samples in terms of transition temperatures, whereas elastic incoherent neutron scattering (EINS) demonstrates that the dynamics on the sub-macromolecular length-scale and pico- to nano-second time-scale are correlated with the structural transitions through a discontinuity in the observed elastic intensities and the derived mean square displacements. Molecular dynamics simulations have been performed in parallel focussing on the length-, time- and temperature-scales of the neutron experiments. They correctly reproduce the structural features of the main gel-liquid phase transition. Particular emphasis is placed on the dynamical amplitudes derived from experiment and simulations. Two methods are used to analyse the experimental data and mean square displacements. They agree within a factor of 2 irrespective of the probed time-scale, i.e. the instrument utilized. Mean square displacements computed from simulations show a comparable level of agreement with the experimental values, albeit, the best match with the two methods varies for the two instruments. Consequently, experiments and simulations together give a consistent picture of the structural and dynamical aspects of the main lipid transition and provide a basis for future, theoretical modelling of dynamics and phase behaviour in membranes. The need for more detailed analytical models is pointed out by the remaining variation of the dynamical amplitudes derived in two different ways from experiments on the one hand and simulations on the other.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pacheco de Carvalho, J. A.
2008-08-01
Full Text Available This article involves computer simulation and surface analysis by nuclear techniques, which are non-destructive. Both the “energy method of analysis” for nuclear reactions and elastic scattering are used. Energy spectra are computer simulated and compared with experimental data, giving target composition and concentration profile information. The method is successfully applied to thick flat targets of graphite, quartz and sapphire and targets containing thin films of aluminium oxide. Depth profiles of ^{12}C and ^{16}O nuclei are determined using (d,p and (d,α deuteron induced reactions. Rutherford and resonance elastic scattering of (^{4}He+ ions are also used.
Este artículo trata de simulación por ordenador y del análisis de superficies mediante técnicas nucleares, que son no destructivas. Se usa el “método de análisis en energia” para reacciones nucleares, así como el de difusión elástica. Se simulan en ordenador espectros en energía que se comparan com datos experimentales, de lo que resulta la obención de información sobre la composición y los perfiles de concentración de la muestra. Este método se aplica con éxito em muestras espesas y planas de grafito, cuarzo y zafiro y muestras conteniendo películas finas de óxido de aluminio. Se calculan perfiles en profundidad de núcleos de ^{12}C y de ^{16}O a través de reacciones (d,p y (d,α inducidas por deuterones. Se utiliza también la difusión elástica de iones (^{4}He+, tanto a Rutherford como resonante.
Magnetoconductivity of quantum wires with elastic and inelastic scattering
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bruus, Henrik; Flensberg, Karsten; Smith
1993-01-01
equation for the distribution function and determine the conductivity as a function of temperature and magnetic field. The magnetoconductivity exhibits a maximum at a temperature, which depends on the relative strength of the impurity and electron-phonon scattering and shows oscillations when the Fermi...
Hadron-proton elastic scattering at 50, 100, and 200 GeV/c momentum
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Akerlof, C.W.; Kotthaus, R.; Loveless, R.L.; Meyer, D.I.; Ambats, I.; Meyer, W.T.; Ward, C.E.W.; Eartly, D.P.; Lundy, R.A.; Pruss, S.M.; Yovanovitch, D.D.; Rust, D.R.
1976-01-01
Elastic scattering of hadrons on protons has been measured at momenta of 50, 100, and 200 GeV/c. The meson-proton scattering is found to be independent of momentum and meson type for -t > 0.8 (GeV/c) 2 . The momentum dependence of the pp dip at -t = 1.4 (GeV/c) 2 was investigated. Slope parameters are given
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Werner, W. S. M.; Zemek, Josef; Jiříček, Petr
2010-01-01
Roč. 82, č. 15 (2010), 155422/1-155422/6 ISSN 1098-0121 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA202/09/0428 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521 Keywords : inelastic electron scattering * elastic electron scattering * reflection electron energy loss spectroscopy * REELS Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.772, year: 2010
Elastic scattering of 6He and its analysis within a four-body eikonal model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Al-Khalili, J.S.; Alamanos, N.; Auger, F.; Blumenfeld, Y.
1996-01-01
The elastic scattering of a 6 He secondary beam on a 12 C target at 41.6 MeV/u has been measured. The secondary beam was produced by fragmentation with SISSI, and transported to SPEG. The cross section is analysed within a 4-body (α+n+n+ 12 C) eikonal scattering model which is completely parameter-free. Very good agreement with the data is found. (author)
Breakup threshold anomaly in the elastic scattering of 6Li on 27Al
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Figueira, J. M.; Niello, J. O. Fernandez; Abriola, D.; Arazi, A.; Capurro, O. A.; Barbara, E. de; Marti, G. V.; Heimann, D. Martinez; Negri, A. E.; Pacheco, A. J.; Padron, I.; Gomes, P. R. S.; Lubian, J.; Correa, T.; Paes, B.
2007-01-01
Elastic scattering of the weakly bound 6 Li on 27 Al was measured at near-barrier energies. The data analysis was performed using a Woods-Saxon shape optical potential and also using the double-folding Sao Paulo potential. The results show the presence of the breakup threshold anomaly (BTA), an anomalous behavior when compared with the scattering of tightly bound nuclei. This behavior is attributed to a repulsive polarization potential produced by the coupling to the continuum breakup states
Elastic scattering of intermediate energy kaons from nuclei and its Coulomb effects
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang Zhenqiu; Kong Lingjiang; Liu Xianhui
1986-04-01
In the frame of the eikonal multiple scattering theory, using the basic parameters which are given by the different authors, the elastic scattering of the intermediate energy kaon mesons on /sup 12/C and /sup 40/Ca is studied. The Coulomb effect is calculated too. The results are in agreement with the experimental data. The Coulomb effect not only enhances the small angle differential cross section, but also fills up the dip of the differential cross section.
The dispersion relation for the forward elastic electron-atom scattering amplitude
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amusia, M.Y.
1978-01-01
The analytical properties of forward elastic electron-atom scattering amplitude are discussed. It is noted that the occurrence of exchange between the incoming and atomic electrons leads to the appearance of a number of singularities on the negative real axis in the complex energy plane. The conclusion is drawn that the dispersion relation for the forward electron-atom scattering amplitude should also include an integration over the negative energy from - I to - infinity, where I is the ionization potential. (author)
Elastic scattering of protons on 8Li nucleus in inverse kinematics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhusupov, M.A.; Ibraeva, E.T.; Sanfirova, A.B.; Imambekov, O.
2002-01-01
In the present paper the proton elastic scattering on 8 Li in inverse kinematics is studies. The inverse kinematics means that a beam of radioactive nuclei is scattered on a stable hydrogen target. Proton as a target has an advantage during the interaction since it is stable and mechanism of proton-nucleus scattering is quite simple. 8 Li nucleus is considered in the three-body αtn-model with realistic potential of inter-cluster interactions. The wave function of this nucleus is calculated in the work where it was shown that such model well describes the main spectroscopic characteristics of the nucleus, root-mean square radius, binding energy, location of low laying energy levels, magnetic momentum and also total cross section and 7 Li(n, γ) 8 Li reaction rate at a wide energy region. Within Glauber-Sitenko multiply scattering theory, the differential cross section of elastic p 8 Li-scattering has been calculated. The first and the second multiplicities of scattering on nucleons and clusters of the nucleus were taken into account in Ω multiply scattering operator. There were considered several cases when as the initial parameters both amplitudes of nucleon-nucleon and nucleon-cluster scattering were taken. Sensitivity of the differential cross section both to the different wave functions of the target-nucleus and to the parameters of the elementary amplitudes and sensitivity to the scattering multiplicities at several beam energies has been investigated. Comparison with differential cross sections of elastic p 6 Li- and p 7 Li scattering has been carried out
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Malikova, N.
2005-09-01
Montmorillonite clays in low hydration states, with Na + and Cs + compensating counter ions, are investigated by a combination of microscopic simulation and quasi-elastic neutron scattering to obtain information on the local structure and dynamics of water and ions in the interlayer. At first predictions of simulation into the dynamics of water and ions at elevate temperatures are shown (0 deg C 80 deg C, pertinent for the radioactive waste disposal scenario) Marked difference is observed between the modes of diffusion of the Na + and C + counter ions. In water dynamics, a significant step towards bulk water behaviour is seen on transition from the mono- to bilayer states. Secondly, a detailed comparison between simulation and quasi-elastic neutron scattering (Neutron Spin Echo and Time-of-Flight) regarding ambient temperature water dynamics is presented. Overall, the approaches are found to be in good agreement with each other and limitations of each of the methods are clearly shown. (author)
Pion elastic scattering from polarized 13C in the energy region of the P33 resonance
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yifen, Yen
1992-08-01
Asymmetries (A y ) and differential cross sections (dσ/dΩ) were measured for π + and π - elastic scattering using polarized and unpolarized 13 C targets. The experiment was done at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility with the pion beam from the Low Energy Pion channel. The scattered pions were detected with the Large Acceptance Spectrometer. The 13 C nuclei in 13 C-enriched 1-butanol were polarized by the dynamic nuclear polarilization method. Angular distributions of both A y and dσ/dΩ were measured below the P 33 resonance at the incident energy of 130 MeV for π + and π - , and above the resonance at 223 MeV for π + and at 226 MeV for π - . In addition, A y and dσ/dΩ were measured in a range of momentum transfers, 1.75 ≤ q ≤ 2.05 fm - , at several energies. At 130 MeV, the values of A y are significantly different from zero for π - scattering. For π + at 130 MeV and for both π - and π + at all other energies, the A y are mostly consistent with zero. Theoretical analyses were done using different nuclear structure models. The data were not reproduced by the presently available nuclear wave functions. It was found that the asymmetry is strongly sensitive to the quadrupole spin flip part of the transition. The data of this thesis complement measurements of the magnetic form factor from electron scattering. In attempts to fit both the asymmetry and the magnetic form factor, it was found that the pion asymmetry data are not reproduced by the wavefunctions which fit the magnetic form factor at low momentum transfers
Elastic and charge-exchange scattering of pions from 3He and 3H
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gibson, B.F.; Hess, A.T.
1976-04-01
We have examined (1) the elastic scattering of pions from the isodoublet 3 He and 3 H and (2) the single charge-exchange reaction 3 H(π + ,π 0 ) 3 He using a formalism which incorporates the π-N multiple scattering to all orders. Emphasis is placed on numerical results which illustrate those features of the differential cross sections that are expected to be of interest to the experimentalist. Realistic nuclear densities corresponding to the form factors of elastic electron scattering were used. Charge-exchange cross sections are presented in terms of angular distributions for both the π 0 and the recoil nucleus. In elastic scattering, Coulomb-nuclear interference effects are significant at incident pion kinetic energies of less than 100 MeV; form factor effects are apparent at large momentum transfer. Comparison of data and theory for π + - 3 He with that for π - - 3 He (or the conjugate π + - 3 H) will provide a test of the convergence of the fixed scatterer, multiple-scattering formalism utilized in this report. 21 figures
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sim, Kwang-Souk.
1978-01-01
Elastic scattering of heavy-ions 16 O and 28 Si on 59 Co, 109 Ag and 130 Te have been studied at laboratory incident energies between 80 and 140MeV. The optical model was used to analyse elastic angular distributions and different methods for determining the total reaction cross section have been compared. Transfer reactions induced by 28 Si on 130 Te have been studied at incident energy superior to the Coulomb barrier in the ratio of 1.27. A study of these reactions shows the transition between the quasi-elastic reactions and deep inelastic reactions coresponding to the phenomenon of friction. The diffusion model is used for the analysis of these results [fr
A theory of low energy π-3He elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Geffen, F.M.M. van.
1991-01-01
The main aim of this work is the construction of a first-order optical potential for the scattering of pions by 3 He at low energy with as few approximations as possible. In particular the Fermi motion is treated extremely carefully by using microscopic 3 He wave functions and by performing the complete Fermi-integral. Differential cross-sections and analyzing powers have been calculated. In a detailed comparison between the first-order optical with one which results from using the semi-factored approximation, it became clear that the latter has the following shortcomings: 1. the dependence of the subenergy on the pion-nucleus scattering angle, and 2. the independence of this energy on the relative motion of the spectator nucleons. (author). 101 refs.; 15 figs.; 3 tabs
Amos, N.; Block, M.M.; Bobbink, G.J.; Botje, M.A.J.; Favart, D.; Leroy, C.; Linde, F.; Lipnik, P.; Matheys, J-P.; Miller, D.
1985-01-01
Antiproton-proton and proton-proton small-angle elastic scattering was measured for centre-of-mass energies at the CERN Intersectung Storage Rings. In addition, proton-proton elastic scattering was measured at . Using the optical theorem, total cross sections are obtained with an accuracy of about
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fabrikant, Ilya I.; Hotop, Hartmut; Allan, Michael
2005-01-01
Cross sections at low energies for vibrationally elastic and inelastic scattering, as well as electron attachment to SF 6 , have been calculated using a multichannel effective range theory (ERT) with complex boundary conditions. The most active vibrational modes, the totally symmetric mode ν 1 and the infrared active mode ν 3 , have been included in the calculation. The ERT parameters were fitted to reproduce the experimental total and attachment cross sections. Differential elastic and vibrational excitation cross sections have been measured at 30 deg. and 135 deg. using a spectrometer with hemispherical analyzers. The calculation reproduces correctly the magnitudes and shapes of the differential elastic and ν 1 , ν 3 , and 2ν 1 excitation cross sections, in particular the sharp structures at vibrational thresholds. The s- and p-wave phase shifts obtained in the present analysis differ from those recently derived by Field et al. [Phys. Rev. A, 69, 052716 (2004)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anderson, E. K.; Boadle, R. A.; Machacek, J. R.; Makochekanwa, C.; Sullivan, J. P. [ARC Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200 (Australia); Chiari, L. [ARC Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, 5001 SA (Australia); Buckman, S. J., E-mail: Stephen.buckman@anu.edu.au [ARC Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200 (Australia); Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Brunger, M. J. [ARC Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, 5001 SA (Australia); Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Garcia, G. [Instituto de Fısica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigationes Cientıficas (CSIC), Serrano 113-bis, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Blanco, F. [Departamento de Fısica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Ingolfsson, O. [Department of Chemistry, Science Institute, University of Iceland, Reykjavík 107 (Iceland)
2014-07-21
Measurements of the grand total and total positronium formation cross sections for positron scattering from uracil have been performed for energies between 1 and 180 eV, using a trap-based beam apparatus. Angular, quasi-elastic differential cross section measurements at 1, 3, 5, 10, and 20 eV are also presented and discussed. These measurements are compared to existing experimental results and theoretical calculations, including our own calculations using a variant of the independent atom approach.
On the proton exchange contribution to electron-hydrogen atom elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mignaco, J.A.; Tort, A.C.
1979-05-01
It is shown that the exchange contribution to the electron-proton potential Born term in elastic electron-hydrogen atom scattering arises as the non relativistic limit from the exchange of a proton between the two participant electrons - calculated from quantum electrodynamics including properly bound states (as solution of Bethe - Salpeter equation). (Author) [pt
Time collimation for elastic neutron scattering instrument at a pulsed source
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aksenov, V.L.; Nikitenko, Yu.V.
1996-01-01
Conditions for carrying out elastic neutron scattering experiments using the time-of-flight technique are considered. It is shown that the employment of time dependent neutron beam collimation in the source-sample flight path increases the luminosity of the spectrometer under certain resolution restrictions. 3 refs., 8 figs
Impact picture for near-forward elastic scattering up to LHC energies
Soffer, Jacques; Wu, Tai Tsun
2015-01-01
We will recall the main feaatures of an accurate phenomenological model to describe successfully near-forward elastic scattering in a wide energy range, including ISR, SPS and Tevatron colliders. A large step in energy domain is accomplished with the LHC collider, presently running, giving the opportunity to confront the new data with the predictions of our theoretical approach.
π−-12C elastic scattering above the ∆ resonance using diffraction ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
diffraction model phenomenology as proposed in I provides a very good discretion of the π−-12C elastic scattering data over a wide range of energies from 400 to. 766 MeV. Hence, it could be applied for obtaining analytic optical potential by inversion in this energy range. This optical potential involves lesser number of.
Modeling proton and alpha elastic scattering in liquid water in Geant4-DNA
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tran, H.N., E-mail: tranngochoang@tdt.edu.vn [Division of Nuclear Physics, Ton Duc Thang University, Tan Phong Ward, District 7, Ho Chi Minh City (Viet Nam); Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ton Duc Thang University, Tan Phong Ward, District 7, Ho Chi Minh City (Viet Nam); El Bitar, Z. [Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien/IN2P3/CNRS, Strasbourg (France); Champion, C. [Univ. Bordeaux, CENBG, UMR 5797, F-33170 Gradignan (France); CNRS, IN2P3, CENBG, UMR 5797, F-33170 Gradignan (France); Karamitros, M. [Univ. Bordeaux, CENBG, UMR 5797, F-33170 Gradignan (France); CNRS, IN2P3, CENBG, UMR 5797, F-33170 Gradignan (France); CNRS, INCIA, UMR 5287, F-33400 Talence (France); Bernal, M.A. [Instituto de FísicaGleb Wataghin, Universida de Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil); Francis, Z. [Université Saint Joseph, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Beirut (Lebanon); The Open University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Sciences, Walton Hall, MK7 6AA Milton Keynes (United Kingdom); Ivantchenko, V. [Ecoanalytica, 119899 Moscow (Russian Federation); Lee, S.B.; Shin, J.I. [Proton Therapy Center, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 410-769 (Korea, Republic of); Incerti, S. [Univ. Bordeaux, CENBG, UMR 5797, F-33170 Gradignan (France); CNRS, IN2P3, CENBG, UMR 5797, F-33170 Gradignan (France)
2015-01-15
Elastic scattering of protons and alpha (α) particles by water molecules cannot be neglected at low incident energies. However, this physical process is currently not available in the “Geant4-DNA” extension of the Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation toolkit. In this work, we report on theoretical differential and integral cross sections of the elastic scattering process for 100 eV–1 MeV incident protons and for 100 eV–10 MeV incident α particles in liquid water. The calculations are performed within the classical framework described by Everhart et al., Ziegler et al. and by the ICRU 49 Report. Then, we propose an implementation of the corresponding classes into the Geant4-DNA toolkit for modeling the elastic scattering of protons and α particles. Stopping powers as well as ranges are also reported. Then, it clearly appears that the account of the elastic scattering process in the slowing-down of the charged particle improves the agreement with the existing data in particular with the ICRU recommendations.
Time dependent Hartree-Fock treatment of elastic scattering of electrons by H and He/+/.
Jamieson, M. J.
1972-01-01
Time dependent Hartree-Fock theory, in its coupled and uncoupled forms, is used to calculate the elastic singlet p-wave phase shifts for the scattering of electrons by H and He/+/. On comparison with the best available results it is concluded that the coupled scheme, which contains correlation to at least first order, is superior. Levinson's theorem is confirmed.
How to distinguish elastically scattered light from Stokes shifted light for solid-state lighting?
Meretska, Maryna; Lagendijk, Aart; Thyrrestrup Nielsen, Henri; Mosk, Allard; IJzerman, W.L.; Vos, Willem L.
2016-01-01
We have studied the transport of light through phosphor diffuser plates that are used in commercial solid-state lighting modules (Fortimo). These polymer plates contain YAG:Ce+3phosphor particles that both elastically scatter and Stokes shift light in the visible wavelength range (400–700 nm). We
The neutron-deuteron elastic scattering angular distribution at 95 MeV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mermod, Philippe
2004-04-01
The neutron-deuteron elastic scattering differential cross section has been measured at 95 MeV incident neutron energy, with the Medley setup at TSL in Uppsala. The neutron-proton differential cross section has also been measured for normalization purposes. The data are compared with theoretical calculations to investigate the role of three-nucleon force effects.
Note on the elastic-scattering of few-MeV neutrons from elemental calcium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smith, A.B.; Guenther, P.T.
1982-03-01
Neutron differential-elastic-scattering cross sections of elemental calcium are measured from 0 . Incident-neutron energy resolutions are approximately 50 to 100 keV. The experimental results are compared with values given in ENDF/B-V and are examined in the context of shielding applications. An optical potential is deduced from the measured values and its possible implications are discussed
Elastic scattering of 35Cl and 37Cl on 24Mg
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ferrero, J.L.; Pacheco, J.C.; Vinh Mau, N.; Baeza, A.; Barrigon, J.M.; Bilwes, B.; Bilwes, R.
1990-01-01
Elastic scattering of 35 Cl and 37 Cl on 24 Mg was measured at two c.m. energies. Optical model analysis with different potentials are compared. Isotopics effects on absorption are observed. The closure approximation model is found to give a good reproduction of experimental data
Monte Carlo simulation of elastic and inelastic scattering of electrons in thin films
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Desalvo, A.; Parisini, A.; Rosa, R.
1984-01-01
A Monte Carlo computer program which takes into account both elastic and inelastic scattering of electrons has been set up, and is limited to valence electron losses. These are described through three models. Calculations were performed for 100 keV electrons in silicon, with thickness varying from 850 to 2550 A, i.e. from 1 to 3 total mean free paths. (author)
Negative pion-nucleus elastic scattering at 30 and 50 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Seth, K.K.; Barlow, D.; Iversen, S.; Kaletka, M.; Nann, H.; Smith, D.; Artuso, M.; Burleson, G.; Blanpied, G.; Daw, G.; Burger, W.J.; Redwine, R.P.; Saghai, B.; Anderson, R.
1990-01-01
Differential cross sections for the elastic scattering of 30 and 50 MeV π - by nuclei ranging from 12 C to 208 Pb have been measured using a range spectrometer. Comparison is made with the predictions of a recent optical-model calculation and the general nature of discrepancies is discussed
Deep-elastic pp scattering at LHCf rom low-x gluons
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Islam, M.M.; Kašpar, Jan; Luddy, R.J.
2009-01-01
Roč. 24, č. 7 (2009), s. 485-496 ISSN 0217-7323 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LA08015 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100502 Keywords : elastic pp scattering * LHC Subject RIV: BF - Elementary Particles and High Energy Physics Impact factor: 1.075, year: 2009
Buénerd, M; Vescovi, C
2000-01-01
An optoelectronic detector based on a fast phosphor scintillator optically coupled to an image intensifier combined with a CMOS photosensitive array is described and discussed in the perspective of elastic and diffractive scattering measurement in the TOTEM experimental program at the CERN LHC. (10 refs).
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Li Qingrun (CCAST (World Lab.), Beijing (China) Academia Sinica, Beijing, BJ (China). Inst. of High Energy Physics); Zhou Jinli (Guangxi Normal Univ., Guilin (China). Dept. of Physics)
1991-05-01
The {alpha}-particle model of {sup 12}C is examined by means of proton-{sup 12}C elastic scattering in the intermediate energy range. The results show that the model gives a satisfactory account of the experimental data. The parametrized proton-{sup 4}He amplitudes in the intermediate energy region are presented. (author).
Elastic proton scattering on tritium below the n-3He threshold
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lazauskas R.
2010-04-01
Full Text Available Microscopic calculations using Faddeev-Yakubovski equations in conﬁguration space are performed for low energy elastic proton scattering on 3H nucleus. Realistic nuclear Hamiltonians are used. Coulomb repulsion between the protons as well as isospin breaking eﬀects are rigorously treated.
A closed analytic form for p-d elastic scattering at high energy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li, Y.; Lo, S.
1983-01-01
Using a simple harmonic oscillator wave function for deuteron it is possible to give an analytic solution in closed form for p-d elastic scattering. It has the advantage of displaying clearly all the contributions separately (D-wave, spin flip etc.). It can also fit experimental data
Dispersion relation for elastic electron-hydrogen atom forward scattering amplitude
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kuchiev, M.Yu.; Amusia, M.Ya.
1978-01-01
The elastic e+H forward scattering amplitude is an analytical function in the complex energy E plane and has two cuts on the real axis: 0 < E < infinity and -infinity < E < -B, B being the hydrogen ionization potential. The e+H dispersion relation contains two integrals over the right and left cuts. (Auth.)
Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering: the shape of things to come
Collar, Juan I.
2017-09-01
I will review past and present efforts to detect coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CEvNS), its importance in the context of the study of fundamental neutrino properties, and possible future technological applications. Ongoing and planned COHERENT activities at ORNL will also be discussed, with an emphasis on the experimental challenges ahead.
Low energy 16O+208Pb elastic scattering: an attempt to analyze the microscopic effective potential
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mau, N.V.; Ferrero, J.L.; Pacheco, J.C.; Bilwes, B.
1991-03-01
Elastic scattering of 16 O on 208 Pb is studied at 96, 104, 129.5, 192, 216.6 and 312.6 MeV. The 16 O+ 208 Pb potential is calculated first in the closure approximation model and compared to semi-phenomenological potentials. Then detailed contributions to the polarization real potential and to the imaginary potential due to the coupling of the elastic channels to the inelastic channels are calculated. The results are compared to the authors' model potential and used to test the main assumptions of the model. From that comparison a qualitative interpretation of the success of the model is proposed. At last the elastic scattering cross sections are calculated and compared to the data. (author) 41 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Johnson, W L; Kim, S A; Geiss, R; Flannery, C M; Soles, C L; Wang, C; Stafford, C M; Wu, W-L; Torres, J M; Vogt, B D; Heyliger, P R
2010-01-01
Elastic constants and cross-sectional dimensions of imprinted nanolines of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) on silicon substrates are determined nondestructively from finite-element inversion analysis of dispersion curves of hypersonic acoustic modes of these nanolines measured with Brillouin light scattering. The results for the cross-sectional dimensions, under the simplifying assumption of vertical sides and a semicircular top, are found to be consistent with dimensions determined from critical-dimension small-angle x-ray scattering measurements. The elastic constants C 11 and C 44 are found to be, respectively, 11.6% and 3.1% lower than their corresponding values for bulk PMMA. This result is consistent with the dimensional dependence of the quasi-static Young's modulus determined from buckling measurements on PMMA films with lower molecular weights. This study provides the first evidence of size-dependent effects on hypersonic elastic properties of polymers.
11. international conference on elastic and diffractive scattering: towards high energy frontiers
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
2005-07-01
This conference is held every 2 years. Every time these conferences on elastic and diffractive scattering adapt their content to the most recent experimental and theoretical results concerning not only quantum chromodynamics (QCD) but also other fields of particle physics where diffractive physics is present. This year, besides classical themes such as: -) forward scattering, -) total cross-sections, -) real parts, and -) pomeron and odderon, the participants have addressed many other subjects such as: -) LHC physics, -) non-perturbative approaches to high-energy scattering, -) the dipole model, -) small-x evolution, -) hard diffraction in QCD, -) nuclear shadowing, -) diffractive Higgs studies, -) spin effects, -) 4-quarks and 5-quarks, or -) B-physics.
Parity violation in elastic N-N scattering at high energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chiappetta, P.; Soffer, J.; Wu, Tai Tsun; Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA
1981-09-01
We calculate the asymmetry in nucleon-nucleon elastic scattering at high energies arising from heavy boson exchange in the standard Weinberg-Salam model. By neglecting the strong interaction enhancement effects, our result for p-n scattering is one order of magnitude higher than for p-p scattering. Enhancement effects increase the p-p asymmetry which may become comparable to the p-n asymmetry. They are however too small if compared with the total cross section asymmetry measured at Argonne at 6 GeV/c on a water target
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andrei V. Afanasev; Stanley J. Brodsky; Carl E. Carlson; Yu-Chun Chen; Marc Vanderhaeghen
2005-01-01
We estimate the two-photon exchange contribution to elastic electron-proton scattering at large momentum transfer by using a quark-parton representation of virtual Compton scattering. We thus can relate the two-photon exchange amplitude to the generalized parton distributions which also enter in other wide angle scattering processes. We find that the interference of one- and two-photon exchange contribution is able to substantially resolve the difference between electric form factor measurements from Rosenbluth and polarization transfer experiments.
11. international conference on elastic and diffractive scattering: towards high energy frontiers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
2005-01-01
This conference is held every 2 years. Every time these conferences on elastic and diffractive scattering adapt their content to the most recent experimental and theoretical results concerning not only quantum chromodynamics (QCD) but also other fields of particle physics where diffractive physics is present. This year, besides classical themes such as: -) forward scattering, -) total cross-sections, -) real parts, and -) pomeron and odderon, the participants have addressed many other subjects such as: -) LHC physics, -) non-perturbative approaches to high-energy scattering, -) the dipole model, -) small-x evolution, -) hard diffraction in QCD, -) nuclear shadowing, -) diffractive Higgs studies, -) spin effects, -) 4-quarks and 5-quarks, or -) B-physics
Elastic and inelastic scattering of alpha particles from sup 46 Ti at E sub. alpha. = 35 MeV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Raghunatha Rao, V.; Sudarshan, M.; Sarma, A.; Singh, R. (North-Eastern Hill Univ., Shillong (India). Dept. of Physics); Banerjee, S.R.; Chintalapudi, S.N. (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay (India). Variable Energy Cyclotron Project)
1991-12-01
Differential cross sections for elastic and inelastic scattering of 35 MeV alpha particles have been measured from {theta}{sub lab} =10{sup o} to 100{sup o} in 1{sup o}-2{sup o} steps. An optical model analysis of the elastic scattering data has been carried out using Woods-Saxon and Woods-Saxon squared radial dependences for real as well as imaginary parts of the potential. The most sensitive region of the potential in predicting the elastic scattering cross sections has been determined using a notch perturbation test. The problem of discrete family ambiguity in the optical model analysis of elastic data has also been investigated. The inelastic scattering data have been analysed in terms of the collective model using the distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA), where the distorted waves are generated by the optical potential obtained from the elastic scattering data. (author).
Study of forward elastic pp scattering at √ s = 8 TeV with the ALFA detector
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Stark, Simon Holm
The elastic proton-proton scattering data analyzed in this thesis was taken at the LHC with the ALFA detector at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV with a beta* collision optics which gave access to the Coulomb-Nuclear-Interference region. An improved procedure was used to fit the observed number of elastic events......_tot, and the ratio of the real to imaginary forward elastic scattering amplitude, rho, are: sigma_tot = 99.1 +/- 0.3 (stat.) +/- 1.6 (syst.) mb rho = 0.166 +/- 0.017 (stat.) +/- 0.019 (syst.) which are in agreement with previous measurements. As part of the analysis, the detector distance to the beam was determined...... with an improved method. A new background estimation procedure was developed and also implemented in the determination of the elastic track reconstruction efficiency. The experience gained in this thesis was used to optimize the experimental settings for a new data taking at sqrt(s) = 13 TeV with beta* = 2.5 km...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Behera, B.R.
2016-01-01
Heavy element synthesis through heavy-ion induced fusion reaction is an active field in contemporary nuclear physics. Exact knowledge of fusion barrier is one of the essential parameters for planning any experiments for heavy element production. Theoretically there are many models available to predict the exact barrier. Though these models are successful for predicting the fusion of medium mass nuclei, it somehow fails for predicting the exact location of barrier for fusion of heavy nuclei. Experimental determination of barrier for such reactions is required for future experiments for the synthesis of heavy elements. Traditionally fusion barrier is determined taking a double derivative of fusion excitation function. However, such method is difficult in case of fusion of heavy nuclei due to its very low fusion/capture cross section and its experimental complications. Alternatively fusion barrier can be determined by measuring the quasi-elastic cross section at backward angles. This method can be applied for determining the fusion barrier for the fusion of heavy nuclei. Experimental determination of fusion barrier by different methods and comparison of the fusion excitation function and quasi-elastic scattering methods for the determination of fusion barrier are reviewed. At IUAC, New Delhi recently a program has been started for the measurement of fusion barrier through quasi-elastic scattering methods. The experimental facility and the first results of the experiments carried out with this facility are presented. (author)
A Study on Scattered Field of Ultrasonic Wave Using the Boundary Element Method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lee, Joon Hyun; Lee, Seo Il
2000-01-01
Ultrasonic technique which is one of the most common and reliable nondestructive evaluation techniques has been applied to evaluate the integrity of structures by analyzing the characteristics of signal scattered from internal defects. Therefore, the numerical analysis of the ultrasonic scattered field is absolutely necessary for the accurate and quantitative estimation of internal defects. Various modeling techniques now play an important role in nondestructive evaluation and have been employed to solve elastic wave scattering problems. Because the elastodynamic boundary element method is useful to analyze the scattered field in infinite media. it has been used to calculate the ultrasonic wavefields scattered from internal defects. In this study, a review of the boundary element method used for elastic wave scattering problems is presented and, as examples of the boundary element method, the scattered fields due to a circular cavity subjected to incident SH-wave and due to a surface-breaking crack subjected to incident Rayleigh wave are illustrated
S-wave elastic scattering of ${\\it o} $-Ps from $\\text {H} _2 $ at low energy
Zhang, J. -Y.
2018-03-08
The confined variational method is applied to investigate the low-energy elastic scattering of ortho-positronium from $\\\\text{H}_2$ by first-principles quantum mechanics. Describing the correlation effect with explicitly correlated Gaussians, we obtain accurate $S$-wave phase shifts and pick-off annihilation parameters for different incident momenta. By a least-squares fit of the data to the effective-range theory, we determine the $S$-wave scattering length, $A_s=2.06a_0$, and the zero-energy value of the pick-off annihilation parameter, $^1\\\\!\\\\text{Z}_\\\\text{eff}=0.1858$. The obtained $^1\\\\!\\\\text{Z}_\\\\text{eff}$ agrees well with the precise experimental value of $0.186(1)$ (J.\\\\ Phys.\\\\ B \\\\textbf{16}, 4065 (1983)) and the obtained $A_s$ agrees well with the value of $2.1(2)a_0$ estimated from the average experimental momentum-transfer cross section for Ps energy below 0.3 eV (J.\\\\ Phys.\\\\ B \\\\textbf{36}, 4191 (2003)).
Elastic and inelastic scattering of polarized lithium-7 on magnesium-26
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ott, W.
1986-01-01
The elastic and inelastic scattering of polarized 7 Li on 26 Mg was studied at an incident energy of 44 MeV. Measured were the cross sections and the vector analyzing power, three tensor analysing powers, and a third-stage analyzing power for elastic scattering, projectile excitation, target excitation, and double excitation. The cross sections show just as the largest part of the analyzing powers characteristic Fraunhofer oscillations caused by interferences of nearside and farside scattering. From the analysis of the tensor analyzing powers of the elastic scattering by means of generalized shape-effect relations results that the largest contribution for the tensor analyzing powers arises from a Tsub(R) tensor potential. No indications of other tensor interactions like for instance a Tsub(P) tensor interaction were found. At large scattering angles also an influence of the effective spin-orbit interaction generated by channel couplings on the tensor analyzing powers and interferences of spin-orbit and tensor interaction is to be seen. (orig./HSI) [de
High-energy pp¯ and pp forward elastic scattering and total cross sections
Block, M. M.; Cahn, R. N.
1985-04-01
The present status of elastic pp and pp¯ scattering in the high-energy domain is reviewed, with emphasis on the forward and near-forward regions. The experimental techniques for measuring σtot, ρ, and B are discussed, emphasizing the importance of the region in which the nuclear and Coulomb scattering interfere. The impact-parameter representation is exploited to give simple didactic demonstrations of important rigorous theorems based on analyticity, and to illuminate the significance of the slope parameter B and the curvature parameter C. Models of elastic scattering are discussed, and a criterion for the onset of "asymptopia" is given. A critique of dispersion relations is presented. Simple analytic functions are used to fit simultaneously the real and imaginary parts of forward scattering amplitudes for both pp and pp¯, obtained from experimental data for σtot and ρ. It is found that a good fit can be obtained using only five parameters (with a cross section rising as ln2s), over the energy range 5∞ are examined critically. The nuclear slope parameters B are also fitted in a model-independent fashion. Examination of the fits reveals a new regularity of the pp¯ and the pp systems. Predictions of all of the elastic scattering parameters are made at ultrahigh energies, and are compared to the available SPS collider measurements.
Elastic scattering of antiprotons on 4He at 600 MeV/c
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Batusov, Yu.A.; Bunyatov, S.A.; Falomkin, I.V.
1990-01-01
The differential cross section for antiproton elastic scattering on 4 He at 607.7 MeV/c momentum is measured. The total elastic cross section σ el =(120.9±2.5) mb and the total p -4 He interaction cross section σ tot =(360.1±5.6) mb are determined. Partial wave analysis reveals that the P,D and F-waves are dominant in the scattering. The angular dependence of differential cross section exhibits the diffraction pattern typical of scattering on a strongly absorbing disk. Simply taking into account diffuseness of the disk provides good agreement of calculations with the experimental data. 17 refs.; 8 figs.; 1 tab
XUV and x-ray elastic scattering of attosecond electromagnetic pulses on atoms
Rosmej, F. B.; Astapenko, V. A.; Lisitsa, V. S.
2017-12-01
Elastic scattering of electromagnetic pulses on atoms in XUV and soft x-ray ranges is considered for ultra-short pulses. The inclusion of the retardation term, non-dipole interaction and an efficient scattering tensor approximation allowed studying the scattering probability in dependence of the pulse duration for different carrier frequencies. Numerical calculations carried out for Mg, Al and Fe atoms demonstrate that the scattering probability is a highly nonlinear function of the pulse duration and has extrema for pulse carrier frequencies in the vicinity of the resonance-like features of the polarization charge spectrum. Closed expressions for the non-dipole correction and the angular dependence of the scattered radiation are obtained.
Modelling the elastic scattering in diagnostic radiology: the importance of structure form factors
Cardoso, S. C.; Gonçalves, O. D.; Schechter, H.; Eichler, J.
2003-07-01
The importance of structure form factors in describing elastic scattering in diagnostic radiology was studied through a Monte Carlo code built to reproduce scattering in large water samples. The code, developed by us, considers all relevant interactions, including multiple scattering and interference due to scattering by the liquid structure. Geometrical conditions and energies similar to those found in radiology were used. The secondary to primary radiation ratio using the usual free atom approximation and the structure form factor was obtained and both approaches were compared. Calculations of radiological parameters such as the angular distribution of photons incident on the detector and the fraction of scattered photons stopped by anti-scattering grids were also performed considering mammography, thorax and abdomen radiography conditions. The results have shown that S(beta)/P depends on the experimental set-up, being more important for low momentum transfers and sample sizes for which the multiple scattering is not expected to be significant, as in the case of mammography. It was also verified that large samples increase the probability of multiple scattering, masking the structure peak in S(beta) and making the sample structure important just for relatively thin samples. Considering mammography-like geometry, the maximum of the S(beta)/P distribution considering structure form factors occurs around 15° while the correspondent maximum without considering the structure factors occurs around 10° for any sample thickness. S(beta)/P is almost independent of the irradiation field, with the maximum remaining at 15° and 10° for the SFF and FAFF, respectively. The cases studied in this paper stress some conditions in which it is mandatory to use SFF, but since it requires no further significant efforts, the SFF approach is recommended as a standard procedure when describing the elastic scattering process in radiology.
The effect of two-step α transfer reaction in the elastic scattering of 12C+24Mg
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lichtenthaler Filho, R.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Villari, A.C.C.; Mittig, W.; Porto, V. de J.G.; Acquadro, C.V.
1982-06-01
Angular distribution of the elastic scattering 24 Mg( 12 C, 12 C) 24 Mg and of the 24 Mg( 12 C, 16 O) 20 Ne transfer reaction have been measured at 40 MeV incident energy, respectively in the 20 0 0 and 20 0 0 angular regions. The elastic scattering and transfer reactions were analysed with Frahn's closed formalism as well as with optical model calculations. The influence of the two-step α-transfer channel ( 12 C+ 24 Mg → 16 O+ 20 Ne → 12 C+ 24 Mg) on the elastic scattering was calculated explicitly using the coupled channel extension of the closed formalism. This calculation shows that the coupling between the α-transfer and elastic channel can account for the intermediate angle oscillations observed in the elastic scattering angular distributions. (Author) [pt
Analysis of elastic scattering in anti pp interactions at 22.4 Gev/c
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Batyunya, E.V.; Boguslavskij, I.V.; Bruntsko, D.
1985-01-01
Results are presented on measuring the anti pp elastic scattering differential cross section at 22.4 GeV/c over a region of 0.05 2 . The results have been obtained from pictures of the HBC ''Ludmila''. The total elastic cross section σsub(el)=9.0+-0.3 mb and the slope parameter b(s, t=0)=13.1+-0.8 GeVsup(-2) have been found from the data approximated by a quadratic exponential function. The results are compared with the data at similar energies
s-wave elastic scattering of antihydrogen off atomic alkali-metal targets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sinha, Prabal K.; Ghosh, A. S.
2006-01-01
We have investigated the s-wave elastic scattering of antihydrogen atoms off atomic alkali-metal targets (Li, Na, K, and Rb) at thermal energies (10 -16 -10 -4 a.u.) using an atomic orbital expansion technique. The elastic cross sections of these systems at thermal energies are found to be very high compared to H-H and H-He systems. The theoretical models employed in this study are so chosen to consider long-range forces dynamically in the calculation. The mechanism of cooling suggests that Li may be considered to be a good candidate as a buffer gas for enhanced cooling of antihydrogen atoms to ultracold temperature
Local and non-local potentials for deuteron elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ramirez, J.A.
1976-01-01
The nucleon--nucleus local potential (central and spin--orbit) and the deuteron--nucleus nonlocal potential (central, spin--orbit, spin--radial tensor) are calculated by the folding-model (FM). Simple analytic expressions are obtained for the nucleon--nucleus potential by the use of Gaussians to represent the nucleon--nucleus potential and the charge and mass densities of the target. The analytic expressions give qualitative descriptions of phenomenological nucleon--nucleus interactions. A systematic target--mass dependence of realistic local FM deueron potentials is also included. Local-equivalent, energy-dependent, deuteron potentials are obtained from the nonlocal FM deuteron potentials and the energy dependence of the local potential parameters are presented. The local FM deuteron potential is tested for 60 Ni(d,d) 60 Ni at E/sub α/ = 15 MeV by comparing the predictions of the FM potentials with data in which all five polarization moments were measured. A qualitative fit to the data is obtained, but it overestimates the volume integral of the central potential by 7%. Energy-dependence effects are estimated by evaluating the local-equivalent potentials at E/sub α/ = 30 MeV and comparing the predictions to the E/sub α/ = 15 MeV potentials. The energy dependence of the central potential dominates the angular dependence of all five observables while the energy dependence of the spin--orbit and tensor potentials produces only scale changes (approx. 3%) in the vector and tensor analyzing powers. The scattering formalism for a spin-1 on a spin-0 target nucleus, and a description of the coupled--channels computer code DDUNC1 which treats the spin--radial tensor potential exactly, are included
Hybrid Theory of P-Wave Electron-Hydrogen Elastic Scattering
Bhatia, Anand
2012-01-01
We report on a study of electron-hydrogen scattering, using a combination of a modified method of polarized orbitals and the optical potential formalism. The calculation is restricted to P waves in the elastic region, where the correlation functions are of Hylleraas type. It is found that the phase shifts are not significantly affected by the modification of the target function by a method similar to the method of polarized orbitals and they are close to the phase shifts calculated earlier by Bhatia. This indicates that the correlation function is general enough to include the target distortion (polarization) in the presence of the incident electron. The important fact is that in the present calculation, to obtain similar results only 35-term correlation function is needed in the wave function compared to the 220-term wave function required in the above-mentioned previous calculation. Results for the phase shifts, obtained in the present hybrid formalism, are rigorous lower bounds to the exact phase shifts.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Afanasev, A.
2005-02-02
We estimate the two-photon exchange contribution to elastic electron-proton scattering at large momentum transfer by using a quark-parton representation of virtual Compton scattering. We thus can relate the two-photon exchange amplitude to the generalized parton distributions which also enter in other wide angle scattering processes. We find that the interference of one- and two-photon exchange contribution is able to substantially resolve the difference between electric form factor measurements from Rosenbluth and polarization transfer experiments. Two-photon exchange has additional consequences which could be experimentally observed, including nonzero polarization effects and a positron-proton/electron-proton scattering asymmetry. The predicted Rosenbluth plot is no longer precisely linear; it acquires a measurable curvature, particularly at large laboratory angle.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Basu, C.; Adhikari, S.; Mitra, A.K.; Bhattacharya, S.; Bhattacharya, C.; Ghosh, T.K.; Banerjee, K.; Rana, T.K.; Pandey, R.; Prajapati, G.; Dey, A.; Meena, J.K.; Ray, S.
2011-01-01
In this work the study of α + 208 Pb elastic scattering have been undertaken to study the alpha spectroscopic properties of the cluster states of 212 Po and also obtain a α + 208 Pb potential to describe both elastic scattering and to predict the alpha cluster states and their properties in 212 Po. This two body cluster core picture is appropriate as both the components are closed shell nuclei. The measurements are performed at higher energy and analyzed in terms of the microscopic folding model for elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mann, A.K.
1986-01-01
This talk is intended as a brief report on studies of the elastic scattering of neutrinos by protons and electrons. Measurements of the ratios of muon antineutrino and muon neutrino elastic scattering on protons, and the corresponding ratio for elastic scattering on electrons minimize systematic experimental errors, and lead directly to values of the fundamental parameter of the electroweak interaction, the Weinberg Angle, with minimal ambiguity. Accordingly, the principal motivation in carrying out these studies was the desire to obtain and compare precise values of the Weinberg Angle from both the semileptonic and leptonic reactions as still another test of the basic validity of the standard electroweak theory. 10 refs., 11 figs
Elastic scattering of polarized protons from 3He at intermediate energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hasell, D.K.; Bracco, A.; Gubler, H.P.
1982-09-01
Using the polarized proton beam facility of the TRIUMF cyclotron, differential cross sections and analyzing powers have been measured in the angular range 20 0 - 150 0 c.m. for proton elastic scattering from 3 He at incident proton energies of 200, 300, 415 and 515 MeV. The differential cross sections exhibit a minimum at t = -0.33 (GeV/c) 2 which becomes more pronounced with increasing energy. There is evidence for the onset of a second minimum corresponding to the interference between double and triple scattering amplitudes. Large analyzing powers are observed at the lower energies. The data from the present analysis, together with data obtained from the literature in the energy range 100-1000 MeV, have been analyzed within the framework of the Glauber multiple scattering formalism. Nucleon-nucleon scattering parameters were taken from a global phase shift analysis of nucleon-nucleon elastic scattering data. Reasonable agreement with the data is obtained
Note on the elastic-scattering of few-MeV neutrons from elemental calcium
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Smith, A.B.; Guenther, P.T.
1982-03-01
Neutron differential-elastic-scattering cross sections of elemental calcium are measured from < 1.5 to 4.0 MeV at intervals of approx. = 50 to 100 keV. Scattering angles are distributed between 20 and 160/sup 0/. Incident-neutron energy resolutions are approximately 50 to 100 keV. The experimental results are compared with values given in ENDF/B-V and are examined in the context of shielding applications. An optical potential is deduced from the measured values and its possible implications are discussed.
Elastic scattering and transfer in the 8Li+208Pb system near the Coulomb barrier
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kolata, J.J.; Goldberg, V.Z.; Lamm, L.O.; Marino, M.G.; O'Keeffe, C.J.; Rogachev, G.; Aguilera, E.F.; Garcia-Martinez, H.; Martinez-Quiroz, E.; Rosales, P.; Becchetti, F.D.; O'Donnell, T.W.; Roberts, D.A.; Brown, J.A.; DeYoung, P.A.; Hinnefeld, J.D.; Shaheen, S.A.
2002-01-01
The interaction of 8 Li with 208 Pb has been studied over a range of energies near the nominal Coulomb barrier. An excitation function for the total reaction cross section is obtained from elastic-scattering angular distributions and compared with existing data for 6,7 Li scattering. The result of this comparison indicates that the interaction barrier for 8 Li+ 208 Pb is reduced by approximately 4 MeV relative to that of 7 Li. The yields of 7 Li and 4 He from breakup and/or transfer processes are determined, and compared with similar data for other light, weakly bound projectiles
Fast-neutron total and elastic-scattering cross sections of elemental indium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smith, A.B.; Guenther, P.T.; Whalen, J.F.
1982-11-01
Broad-resolution neutron total cross sections of elemental indium were measured from 0.8 to 4.5 MeV. Differential-elastic-scattering cross sections were measured from approx. = 1.5 to 3.8 MeV at intervals of approx. = 50 to 200 keV and at scattering angles in the range 20 to 160 degrees. The experimental results are interpreted in terms of the optical-statistical model and are compared with respective values given in ENDF/B-V
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nozaki, Hiroshi
2014-01-01
Ionic conducting behaviors in secondary battery materials, i.e. cathode and solid electrolyte, were studied with quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) measurements. Although the incoherent scattering length for Li and Na is lower by two orders of magnitude than that for H, the QENS spectra were clearly detected using the combination of an intense neutron source and a low background spectrometer. The fundamental parameters, such as, the activation energy, the jump distance, and the diffusion coefficient were obtained by analyzing QENS spectra. These parameters are consistent with the previous results estimated by muon-spin relaxation (μSR) measurements and first principles calculations. (author)
Fast-neutron elastic-scattering cross sections of elemental tin
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Budtz-Jorgensen, C.; Guenther, P.T.; Smith, A.
1982-07-01
Broad-resolution neutron-elastic-scattering cross sections of elemental tin are measured from 1.5 to 4.0 MeV. Incident-energy intervals are approx. 50 keV below 3.0 MeV and approx. 200 keV at higher energies. Ten to twenty scattering angles are used, distributed between approx. 20 and 160 0 . The experimental results are used to deduce the parameters of a spherical optical-statistical model and they are also compared with corresponding values given in ENDF/B-V
The prediction of Neutron Elastic Scattering from Tritium for E(n) = 6-14 MeV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anderson, J D; Dietrich, F S; Luu, T; McNabb, D P; Navratil, P; Quaglioni, S
2010-06-14
In a recent report Navratil et al. evaluated the angle-integrated cross section and the angular distribution for 14-MeV n+T elastic scattering by inferring these cross sections from accurately measured p+3He angular distributions. This evaluation used a combination of two theoretical treatments, based on the no-core shell model and resonating-group method (NCSM/RGM) and on the R-matrix formalism, to connect the two charge-symmetric reactions n+T and p+{sup 3}He. In this report we extend this treatment to cover the neutron incident energy range 6-14 MeV. To do this, we evaluate angle-dependent correction factors for the NCSM/RGM calculations so that they agree with the p+{sup 3}He data near 6 MeV, and using the results found earlier near 14 MeV we interpolate these correction factors to obtain correction factors throughout the 6-14 MeV energy range. The agreement between the corrected NCSM/RGM and R-Matrix values for the integral elastic cross sections is excellent ({+-}1%), and these are in very good agreement with total cross section experiments. This result can be attributed to the nearly constant correction factors at forward angles, and to the evidently satisfactory physics content of the two calculations. The difference in angular shape, obtained by comparing values of the scattering probability distribution P({mu}) vs. {mu}(the cosine of the c.m. scattering angle), is about {+-}4% and appears to be related to differences in the two theoretical calculations. Averaging the calculations yields P({mu}) values with errors of {+-}2 1/2 % or less. These averaged values, along with the corresponding quantities for the differential cross sections, will form the basis of a new evaluation of n+T elastic scattering. Computer files of the results discussed in this report will be supplied upon request.
Transverse Beam Spin Asymmetries in Forward-Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
David Armstrong; Francois Arvieux; Razmik Asaturyan; Todd Averett; Stephanie Bailey; Guillaume Batigne; Douglas Beck; Elizabeth Beise; Jay Benesch; Louis Bimbot; James Birchall; Angela Biselli; Peter Bosted; Elodie Boukobza; Herbert Breuer; Roger Carlini; Robert Carr; Nicholas Chant; Yu-Chiu Chao; Swapan Chattopadhyay; Russell Clark; Silviu Covrig; Anthony Cowley; Daniel Dale; Charles Davis; Willie Falk; John Finn; Tony Forest; Gregg Franklin; Christophe Furget; David Gaskell; Joseph Grames; Keith Griffioen; Klaus Grimm; Benoit Guillon; Hayko Guler; Lars Hannelius; Richard HASTY; Alice Hawthorne Allen; Tanja Horn; Kathleen Johnston; Mark Jones; Peter Kammel; Reza Kazimi; Paul King; Ameya Kolarkar; Elie Korkmaz; Wolfgang Korsch; Serge Kox; Joachim Kuhn; Jeff Lachniet; Lawrence Lee; Jason Lenoble; Eric Liatard; Jianglai Liu; Berenice Loupias; Allison Lung; Dominique Marchand; Jeffery Martin; Kenneth McFarlane; David McKee; Robert McKeown; Fernand Merchez; Hamlet Mkrtchyan; Bryan Moffit; M. Morlet; Itaru Nakagawa; Kazutaka Nakahara; Retief Neveling; Silvia Niccolai; S. Ong; Shelley Page; Vassilios Papavassiliou; Stephen Pate; Sarah Phillips; Mark Pitt; Benard Poelker; Tracy Porcelli; Gilles Quemener; Brian Quinn; William Ramsay; Aamer Rauf; Jean-Sebastien Real; Julie Roche; Philip Roos; Gary Rutledge; Jeffery Secrest; Neven Simicevic; Gregory Smith; Damon Spayde; Samuel Stepanyan; Marcy Stutzman; Vince Sulkosky; Vincent Sulkosky; Vince Sulkosky; Vincent Sulkosky; Vardan Tadevosyan; Raphael Tieulent; Jacques Van de Wiele; Willem van Oers; Eric Voutier; William Vulcan; Glen Warren; Steven Wells; Steven Williamson; Stephen Wood; Chen Yan; Junho Yun; Valdis Zeps
2007-08-01
We have measured the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry in elastic scattering of transversely-polarized 3 GeV electrons from unpolarized protons at Q^2 values of 0.15 and 0.25 (GeV/c)^2 with results of A_n = -4.06 +- 0.99(stat) +- 0.63(syst) and A_n = -4.82 +- 1.87(stat) +- 0.98(syst) ppm. These results are inconsistent with calculations solely using the elastic nucleon intermediate state, and generally agree with calculations with significant inelastic hadronic intermediate state contributions. A_n provides a direct probe of the imaginary component of the two-photon exchange amplitude, the complete description of which is important in the interpretation of data from precision electron-scattering experiments.
Invariant potential for elastic pion--nucleus scattering. Technical report No. 75-075
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cammarata, J.B.; Banerjee, M.K.
1975-04-01
From the Wick-Dyson expansion of the exact propagator of a pion in the presence of a nucleus an invariant potential for crossing symmetric, elastic pion-nucleus scattering is obtained in terms of a series of pion-nucleon diagrams. The Chew-Low theory is used to develop a model in which the most important class of diagrams is effectively summed. Included in this model is the Exclusion Principle restriction on the pion-bound nucleon interaction, the effects of the binding of nucleons, a kinematic transformation of energy from the lab to the πN center of mass frames, and the Fermi motion and recoil of the target nucleons. From a numerical study of the effects of these processes on the π- 12 C total cross section, the relative importance of each is determined. Other processes contributing to the elastic scattering of pions not included in the present model are also discussed. (9 figures) (U.S.)
Differential cross-section measurements for deuteron elastic scattering on natN, suitable for EBS
Kokkoris, M.; Aslanoglou, X.; Axiotis, M.; Lagoyannis, A.; Misaelides, P.; Ntemou, E.; Patronis, N.; Preketes-Sigalas, K.; Tsintari, P.
2017-11-01
The elastic scattering of deuterons on natN has been studied in the present work in the energy range of Ed,lab = 1000-2200 keV, in steps of 10 keV, at six backscattering detection angles (120°, 130°, 140°, 150°, 160° and 170°), suitable for analytical purposes. The measurements were performed using the 5.5 MV TN11 HV Tandem Accelerator of N.C.S.R. "Demokritos", Athens, Greece and a high-precision goniometer. The target used for the measurements was a self-supported Si3N4 thin foil, with an ultra-thin Au layer evaporated on top for normalization purposes. The obtained differential cross-section datasets are compared to already existing ones in literature and the observed similarities and discrepancies are discussed and analyzed, along with the effect of the various nuclear reaction mechanisms in low-energy deuteron elastic scattering.
Oh, Ju-Won
2016-07-04
Multiparameter full waveform inversion (FWI) applied to an elastic orthorhombic model description of the subsurface requires in theory a nine-parameter representation of each pixel of the model. Even with optimal acquisition on the Earth surface that includes large offsets, full azimuth, and multicomponent sensors, the potential for trade-off between the elastic orthorhombic parameters are large. The first step to understanding such trade-off is analysing the scattering potential of each parameter, and specifically, its scattering radiation patterns. We investigate such radiation patterns for diffraction and for scattering from a horizontal reflector considering a background isotropic model. The radiation patterns show considerable potential for trade-off between the parameters and the potentially limited resolution in their recovery. The radiation patterns of C11, C22, and C33 are well separated so that we expect to recover these parameters with limited trade-offs. However, the resolution of their recovery represented by recovered range of model wavenumbers varies between these parameters. We can only invert for the short wavelength components (reflection) of C33 while we can mainly invert for the long wavelength components (transmission) of the elastic coefficients C11 and C22 if we have large enough offsets. The elastic coefficients C13, C23, and C12 suffer from strong trade-offs with C55, C44, and C66, respectively. The trade-offs between C13 and C55, as well as C23 and C44, can be partially mitigated if we acquire P–SV and SV–SV waves. However, to reduce the trade-offs between C12 and C66, we require credible SH–SH waves. The analytical radiation patterns of the elastic constants are supported by numerical gradients of these parameters.
Lectures on the inverse scattering method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zakharov, V.E.
1983-06-01
In a series of six lectures an elementary introduction to the theory of inverse scattering is given. The first four lectures contain a detailed theory of solitons in the framework of the KdV equation, together with the inverse scattering theory of the one-dimensional Schroedinger equation. In the fifth lecture the dressing method is described, while the sixth lecture gives a brief review of the equations soluble by the inverse scattering method. (author)
Measurement of the analysing power of elastic proton-proton scattering at 582 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Berdoz, A.; Favier, B.; Foroughi, F.; Weddigen, C.
1984-01-01
The authors have measured the analysing power of elastic proton-proton scattering at 582 MeV for 14 angles from 20 to 80 0 CM. The angular range was limited to >20 0 by the energy loss of the recoil protons. The experiment was performed at the PM1 beam line at SIN. A beam intensity of about 10 8 particles s -1 was used. (Auth.)
Elasticity and Viscosity of a Lyotropic Chromonic Nematic Studied with Dynamic Light Scattering
Nastishin, Yu. A.; Neupane, K.; Baldwin, A. R.; Lavrentovich, O. D.; Sprunt, S.
2008-01-01
Using dynamic light scattering, we measure for the first time the temperature-dependent elastic moduli and associated orientational viscosity coefficients of the nematic phase in a self-assembled lyotropic chromonic liquid crystal. The bend K3 and splay K1 moduli are an order of magnitude higher than the twist K2 constant. The ratio K3/K1 shows an anomalous increase with temperature; we attribute this to the shortening of the aggregates as temperature increases. The viscosity coefficients als...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tatarskiy, D. A.; Udalov, O. G.; Fraerman, A. A.
2012-01-01
It is shown that the elastic scattering of unpolarized neutrons by systems with the noncoplanar spatial magnetic induction distribution in nonreciprocal. Two systems with the noncoplanar distribution of the magnetic field are proposed and calculated, i.e., a nanoparticle with vortex magnetization and a system of three magnetic mirrors. It is shown that, under certain conditions, the nonreciprocity is rather large and can be observed experimentally.
Elastic scattering and charge exchange reaction studies with 6He, 10,11Be
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Roussel-Chomaz, P.; Cortina-Gil, M.D.; Mittig, W.; Casandjian, J.M.; Chartier, M.; Alamanos, N.; Auger, F.; Fekou-Youmbi, V.; Blumenfeld, Y.
1995-01-01
The elastic scattering and charge exchange reaction of 6 He, 10,11 Be secondary beams on proton and 12 C targets have been measured. The combined use of SISSI and SPEG allowed to obtain very good quality data in terms of energy and angular resolution. Preliminary analyses of the angular distributions using global parameter set for the optical model potentials, as well as more microscopic approaches are presented. (author)
Structure effects in the elastic scattering for the 16O + 46,50Ti systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Werner, J.C.; Leal, L.A.S.; Munhoz, M.G.; Carlin, N.; Chamon, L.C.; Added, N.; Brage, J.A.P.; Liguori Neto, R.; Coimbra, M.M.; Moura, M.M. de; Souza, F.A.; Suaide, A.A.P.; Szanto, E.M.; Szanto de Toledo, A.; Takahashi, J.
2007-01-01
Nuclear structure effects observed in the sub-Coulomb fusion of heavy-ions demand a careful investigation of the reaction cross section and optical potentials near the Coulomb barrier. The elastic scattering for the 16 O + 46,50 Ti systems was investigated in the bombarding energy range 30= lab = 46 Ti and the neutron magic 50 Ti targets. This result is in agreement with the observation of no significant structure effects in the fusion cross section study for the same systems
Optical model studies of 6Li elastic scattering at 156 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cook, J.; Gils, H.J.; Rebel, H.; Klewe-Nebenius, H.
1981-11-01
Differential cross sections for 6 Li elastic scattering at 156 MeV from 12 C, 40 Ca 90 Zr and 208 Pb are presented. The sensitivity to various potential forms is established by using Saxon Woods, Saxon-Woods-squred, density independent and density dependent folded potentials. The extent to which the experimental data determine the potentials and related quantities is discussed. (orig.) [de
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vorobyov, A.A.; Korolev, G.A.; Dobrovolsky, A.V.; Khanzadeev, A.V.; Petrov, G.E.; Spiridenkov, E.M.; Terrien, Y.; Lugol, J.C.; Saudinos, J.; Silverman, B.H.; Wellers, F.
1988-01-01
An experimental setup for measurements of absolute differential cross sections and analyzing powers in small angle elastic np scattering is described. The main part of the apparatus consists of a multielectrode ionization chamber IKAR filled with methane, serving as both a gas target and a recoil detector. The apparatus was used in measurements with a polarized neutron beam from the Saturne synchrotron (Saclay, France) in the energy range from 378 to 1135 MeV. (orig.)
Elastic scattering of polarized deuterons from 40Ca and 58Ni at intermediate energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sen, N. van; Arvieux, J.; Yanlin, Y.; Gaillard, G.; Bonin, B.; Boudard, A.; Bruge, G.; Lugol, J.C.; Babinet, R.; Hasegawa, T.; Soga, F.; Cameron, J.M.; Neilson, G.C.; Sheppard, D.M.
1985-01-01
Angular distributions of cross section, and Asub(y) and Asub(yy) analyzing powers were measured for polarized deuteron elastic scattering from 58 Ni at 200, 400 and 700 MeV, and 40 Ca at 700 MeV. Phenomenological potentials were obtained from an optical model analysis of the data. The total reaction cross sections deduced were compared to predictions from the Glauber theory optical limit. (orig.)
Elastic scattering and fusion studies in the reactions $^{10,11}$Be + $^{64}$Zn
2002-01-01
We propose to measure elastic scattering and fusion excitation functions for the reactions $^{10,11}$Be + $^{64}$Zn at 3.1 MeV/u . The aim of the experiment is to investigate possible effects of the halo structure of the $^{11}$Be nucleus on the reaction mechanisms at energy around the Coulomb barrier. For this purpose a comparison with the reaction induced by the $^{10}$Be nucleus is required.
Study of the diffusion movements of water by quasi-elastic scattering of slow neutrons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yamazaki, Ione Makiko
1980-01-01
The diffusion movements of water at three different temperatures in the liquid state have been studied by slow neutron quasi-elastic scattering. The measurements have been performed using the IPEN Triple Axis Spectrometer. Broadening and integrated intensity of the quasi-elastic line have been determined for several momentum transfer (K) in the range 0,7627 ≤ K ≤ 2,993 A -1 . The broadening of the quasi-elastic peaks as function of momentum transfer (K) observed at various temperatures has been interpreted in terms of globular diffusion models. The results obtained at 30 deg C have been explained in a consistent way considering the translational and rotational globular diffusion movements. To describe the results obtained at 55 deg and 70 deg C only the translational globular diffusion model was sufficient. This analysis indicates the existence in water of globules with distance of the farest proton position to the center of gravity of the globule 4,5 A, corroborating the idea of quasi-crystalline structure for water. The Debye-Waller factor has been obtained through the analysis of the integrated intensity of quasi-elastic scattering peaks over the K 2 measured range. From this analysis an estimative of the mean square displacement was obtained. (author)
Investigation of {sup 17}F+p elastic scattering at near-barrier energies
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
El-Azab Farid, M. [Assiut University, Physics Department, Assiut (Egypt); Ibraheem, Awad A. [Al-Azhar University, Physics Department, Assiut (Egypt); King Khalid University, Physics Department, Abha (Saudi Arabia); Al-Hajjaji, Arwa S. [Taiz University, Physics Department, Taiz (Yemen)
2015-10-15
The {sup 17}F +p elastic scattering at two near-barrier energies of 3.5 and 4.3 MeV/nucleon, have been analyzed in the framework of the single folding approach. The folded potentials are constructed by folding the density-dependent (DDM3Y) effective nucleon-nucleon interaction over the nuclear density of the one-proton halo nucleus {sup 17}F. Two versions of the density are considered. In addition, two versions of the one-nucleon knock-on exchange potentials are introduced to construct the real microscopic potentials. The derived potentials supplemented by phenomenological Woods-Saxon imaginary and spin-orbit potentials produced excellent description of the differential elastic scattering cross sections at the higher energy without need to introduce any renormalization. At the lower energy, however, in order to successfully reproduce the data, it is necessary to reduce the strength of the constructed real DDM3Y potential by about 25% of its original value. Furthermore, good agreement with data is obtained using the extracted microscopic DDM3Y potentials for both real and imaginary parts. Moreover, the interesting notch test is applied to investigate the sensitivity of the elastic scattering cross section to the radial distribution of the constructed microscopic potentials. The extracted reaction (absorption) cross sections are, also, investigated. (orig.)
Quantal inversion of cross-section for the elastic scattering of 200 MeV protons from 12C
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Allen, L.J.; Amos, K.; Dortmans, P.J.
1994-01-01
Fixed energy quantal inverse scattering theory has been used to analyse the differential cross-section from the elastic scattering of 200 MeV protons from 12 C. Ambiguities in obtaining the scattering function from the differential cross-section are discussed and by means of example it is illustrated that not all scattering functions lead to physically reasonable potentials. 8 refs., 2 tabs., 4 figs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kerimov, B.K.; Safin, M.Ya.; Al'-Khamis, I.M.
1978-01-01
The second Born approximation static correction to the differential cross section of elastic scattering of electrons on nuclei is studied with account for the nuclear charge and magnetic dipole formfactors. Only Coulomb potential contribution is taken into account in the electron scattering cross section. In the case of the magnetic scattering the cross sections are summed and averaged over spin states of a nucleus. The general expressions for the static correction are obtained. The angular dependences of the relative correction to the magnetic dipole elastic electron- 9 Be scattering cross section are presented
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 11 MeV protons on 64Zn, 66Zn, 68Zn isotopes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Beurtey, R.; Catillon, P.; Chaminade, R.; Faraggi, H.; Papineau, A.; Thirion, J.
1960-01-01
The elastic and inelastic scattering of 11 MeV protons on separated isotopes of zinc (64, 66, 68) is presented. The curves of elastic scattering exhibit differences which will be compared with theoretical curves in a later article. Inelastic spectra with good resolution are studied and the curves corresponding to the first excited state obtained. Theoretical computations are in progress. Reprint of a paper published in Nuclear Physics, 13, p. 397-406, 1959
Small-angle p-p elastic scattering at energies between 285 and 572 Me V
Aebischer, D; Greeniaus, L G; Hess, R; Junod, A; Lechanoine-Leluc, C; Nikles, J C; Rapin, D; Serre, Claude; Werren, D W
1976-01-01
Low energy proton-proton elastic scattering has been studied using an arrangement of multiwire proportional chambers at the CERN synchrocyclotron. Accurate measurements of the angular distribution for laboratory scattering angles in the range 1.5 to 10 degrees have been made at eight incident kinetic energies between 285 and 572 MeV. The interferences between the Coulomb and nuclear scattering amplitudes is used to determine the ratio alpha /sub p/=Re phi /sup N //sub +/(o)/Im phi /sup N//sub +/(o), where phi /sup N//sub +/(o) is the non-flip nuclear forward amplitude. alpha p is found to be positive and falling with energy, but is sensitive to the type of parameterization used. Reasonable consistency with dispersion relation calculations is obtained. (21 refs).
Correlations among observables in the neutron-deuteron elastic scattering at low energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frederico, T.; Goldman, I.D.
1984-01-01
The 2 S amplitude of the n-d elastic scattering appears like function of the dublet ( 2 a) scattering length in the three nucleons calculations. The correlation of Kcotg 2 δ o with 2 a, with separable N-N potential calculations, is obtained and the result is independent of the N-N potential. The 2 δ o (n-d) values obtained with these lines, using 2 a=.65F (experimental value), agree with p-d data. 2 S and 4 S scattering amplitude and tritium energy (E T ) calculations are performed with the zero-range model and an alternative deduction is proposed. These results for the E T and Kcotg 2 δ o correlation with 2 a show the limitations of this model. (L.C.) [pt
Description of Elastic Scattering of Heavy Ions in the Glauber-Sitenko Approach
Lukyanov, V K; Chubov, Yu V
2001-01-01
In the framework of the Glauber-Sitenko approach, analytic expressions are derived for the amplitudes of elastic nucleus-nucleus scattering corresponding to different regimes of collision. An extended optical potential of the Woods Saxon type is employed in calculations, and the deviation of trajectories by a strong Coulomb field is taken into account. Comparison of the analytic evaluations of cross sections with the numerical results and experimental data show that the approach can be used in the energy region from 10 to 100 MeV/nucleon. In this way, at a given potential, one can find angular ranges where a definite picture of scattering like, for instance, the classical or rainbow scattering, the Fraunhofer or Fresnel diffraction takes place.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bickes, R.W. Jr.; Scoles, G.; Smith, K.M.
1974-01-01
Differential elastic scattering cross sections with well resolved quantum oscillations have been measuremed for the systems H 2 +NH 3 and H 2 +H 2 O. Assuming a spherically symmetric interaction the data show that a simple spherical potential (i.e. Lennard-Jones) does not properly describe the scattering
Some remarks on the neutron elastic- and enelastic-scattering cross sections of palladium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chiba, S.; Guenther, P.T.; Smith, A.B.
1989-05-01
The cross sections for the elastic-scattering of 5.9, 7.1 and 8.0 MeV neutrons from elemental palladium were measured at forty scattering angles distributed between ∼15/degree/ and 160/degree/. The inelastic-scattering cross sections for the excitation of palladium levels at energies of 260 keV to 560 keV were measured with high resolution at the same energies, and at a scattering angle of 80/degree/. The experimental results were combined with lower-energy values previously obtained by this group to provide a comprehensive data base extending from near the inelastic-scattering threshold to 8 MeV. That data base was interpreted in terms of a coupled-channel model, including the inelastic excitation of one- and two-phonon vibrational levels of the even isotopes of palladium. It was concluded that the palladium inelastic-scattering cross section, at the low energies of interest in assessment of fast-fission-reactor performance, are large (∼50% greater than given in widely used evaluated fission-product data files). They primarily involve compound-nucleus processes, with only a small direct-reaction component attributable to the excitation of the one-phonon, 2 + , vibrational levels of the even isotopes of palladium. 24 refs., 6 figs
Wang, Biao; Bian, Jianming; Coan, Thomas E.; Kotelnikov, Sergey; Duyang, Hongyue; Hatzikoutelis, Athanasios; NOvA Collaboration
2017-09-01
Using the NuMI beam at Fermilab and the NOvA near detector, we study the process by which a muon neutrino elastically scatters off an electron in the detector to produce a very forward going electromagnetic shower. By comparing dE/dx for various particle hypotheses for both longitudinal and transverse directions in a multilayer perceptron neural network, we trained a Particle ID algorithm to identify the scattered electron in an inclusive dataset. Muon-neutrino-on-e elastic scattering provides a clean, purely leptonic process free from nuclear effects for understanding neutral current scattering and constraining the NuMI beam flux. Also, this technique can be applied in two broad areas of beyond the standard model physics: a large neutrino transition magnetic moment and light dark matter particles produced in the NuMI target, both of which would create an energy dependent enhancement in the elastic scattering cross section.
Elastic scattering and total reaction cross sections for 8Li+12C
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Barioni, A.; Guimaraes, V.; Lepine, A.; Lichtenthaeler Filho, Rubens; Mendes Junior, D.; Crema, E.; Pires, K.C.C.; Morais, M.C.; Morcelle, V.; Faria, P.N. de; Pampa, Ruben; Assuncao, M.; Mukherjee, S.; Monteiro, D.S.; Lubian, J.; Shorto, J.M.B.
2010-01-01
Full text: The elastic scattering angular distribution for 8 Li on 12 C has been measured at E LAB = 23.9 MeV with 8 Li radioactive nuclear beam produced by the Radioactive Ion Beams in Brazil facility (RIBRAS). This angular distribution was analysed in terms of optical model with Woods-Saxon and double-folding Sao Paulo potentials. The roles of the breakup and inelastic channels were also investigated with cluster folding and deformed potentials, respectively, through coupled channels calculations. The angular distributions for the proton-transfer 12 C( 8 Li, 9 Be) 11 B reaction was also measured at the same energy, simultaneously with the elastic scattering. The spectroscopic factor for the 9 Be I 8 Li+p> bound system was obtained through DWBA (Distorted-Wave Born Approximation) calculations with the code Fresco, and compared with shell model calculations and other experimental values. The spectroscopic factor obtained was used for normalization of the capture reaction cross section 8 Li(p, gamma) 9 Begs. The depth of the scattered potential obtained was 40,1 +- 1,6 MeV. The astrophysical S-factor curves and the reaction rate for the capture reaction 8 Li(p,gamma) 9 Begs were calculated. Total reaction cross sections for the present system were also extracted from the elastic scattering analysis. A systematic of the reduced reaction cross section obtained from the present and published data on 6 ; 7 ; 8 Li isotopes on 12 C was performed as a function of energy. (author)
Cha, Moon Hoe
2007-02-01
The NearFar program is a package for carrying out an interactive nearside-farside decomposition of heavy-ion elastic scattering amplitude. The program is implemented in Java to perform numerical operations on the nearside and farside angular distributions. It contains a graphical display interface for the numerical results. A test run has been applied to the elastic O16+Si28 scattering at E=1503 MeV. Program summaryTitle of program: NearFar Catalogue identifier: ADYP_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADYP_v1_0 Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: none Computers: designed for any machine capable of running Java, developed on PC-Pentium-4 Operating systems under which the program has been tested: Microsoft Windows XP (Home Edition) Program language used: Java Number of bits in a word: 64 Memory required to execute with typical data: case dependent No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 3484 Number of bytes distributed program, including test data, etc.: 142 051 Distribution format: tar.gz Other software required: A Java runtime interpreter, or the Java Development Kit, version 5.0 Nature of physical problem: Interactive nearside-farside decomposition of heavy-ion elastic scattering amplitude. Method of solution: The user must supply a external data file or PPSM parameters which calculates theoretical values of the quantities to be decomposed. Typical running time: Problem dependent. In a test run, it is about 35 s on a 2.40 GHz Intel P4-processor machine.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Henderson, B.S.; Ice, L.D.; Khaneft, D.
2016-12-01
The OLYMPUS collaboration reports on a precision measurement of the positron-proton to electron-proton elastic cross section ratio, R 2γ , a direct measure of the contribution of hard two- photon exchange to the elastic cross section. In the OLYMPUS measurement, 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams were directed through a hydrogen gas target internal to the DORIS storage ring at DESY. A toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight scintillators detected elastically scattered leptons in coincidence with recoiling protons over a scattering angle range of ∼20 to 80 . The relative luminosity between the two beam species was monitored using tracking telescopes of interleaved GEM and MWPC detectors at 12 , as well as symmetric Moeller/Bhabha calorimeters at 1.29 . A total integrated luminosity of 4.5 fb -1 was collected. In the extraction of R 2γ , radiative effects were taken into account using a Monte Carlo generator to simulate the convolutions of internal bremsstrahlung with experiment-specific conditions such as detector acceptance and reconstruction efficiency. The resulting values of R 2γ , presented here for a wide range of virtual photon polarization 0.456<ε<0.978, are smaller than some hadronic two-photon exchange calculations predict, but are in reasonable agreement with a subtracted dispersion model and a phenomenological fit to the form factor data.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Henderson, B.S. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Ice, L.D. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Khaneft, D. [Mainz Univ. (Germany); Collaboration: OLYMPUS Collaboration; and others
2016-12-15
The OLYMPUS collaboration reports on a precision measurement of the positron-proton to electron-proton elastic cross section ratio, R{sub 2γ}, a direct measure of the contribution of hard two- photon exchange to the elastic cross section. In the OLYMPUS measurement, 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams were directed through a hydrogen gas target internal to the DORIS storage ring at DESY. A toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight scintillators detected elastically scattered leptons in coincidence with recoiling protons over a scattering angle range of ∼20 to 80 . The relative luminosity between the two beam species was monitored using tracking telescopes of interleaved GEM and MWPC detectors at 12 , as well as symmetric Moeller/Bhabha calorimeters at 1.29 . A total integrated luminosity of 4.5 fb{sup -1} was collected. In the extraction of R{sub 2γ}, radiative effects were taken into account using a Monte Carlo generator to simulate the convolutions of internal bremsstrahlung with experiment-specific conditions such as detector acceptance and reconstruction efficiency. The resulting values of R{sub 2γ}, presented here for a wide range of virtual photon polarization 0.456<ε<0.978, are smaller than some hadronic two-photon exchange calculations predict, but are in reasonable agreement with a subtracted dispersion model and a phenomenological fit to the form factor data.
Geometry Survey of the Time-of-Flight Neutron-Elastic Scattering (Antonella) Experiment
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Oshinowo, Babatunde O. [Fermilab; Izraelevitch, Federico [Buenos Aires U.
2016-10-17
The Antonella experiment is a measurement of the ionization efficiency of nuclear recoils in silicon at low energies [1]. It is a neutron elastic scattering experiment motivated by the search for dark matter particles. In this experiment, a proton beam hits a lithium target and neutrons are produced. The neutron shower passes through a collimator that produces a neutron beam. The beam illuminates a silicon detector. With a certain probability, a neutron interacts with a silicon nucleus of the detector producing elastic scattering. After the interaction, a fraction of the neutron energy is transferred to the silicon nucleus which acquires kinetic energy and recoils. This kinetic energy is then dissipated in the detector producing ionization and thermal energy. The ionization produced is measured with the silicon detector electronics. On the other hand, the neutron is scattered out of the beam. A neutron-detector array (made of scintillator bars) registers the neutron arrival time and the scattering angle to reconstruct the kinematics of the neutron-nucleus interaction with the time-of-flight technique [2]. In the reconstruction equations, the energy of the nuclear recoil is a function of the scattering angle with respect to the beam direction, the time-of-flight of the neutron and the geometric distances between components of the setup (neutron-production target, silicon detector, scintillator bars). This paper summarizes the survey of the different components of the experiment that made possible the off-line analysis of the collected data. Measurements were made with the API Radian Laser Tracker and I-360 Probe Wireless. The survey was completed at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA in February 2015.
Quasi-elastic neutron scattering studies of the slow dynamics of supercooled and glassy aspirin.
Zhang, Yang; Tyagi, Madhusudan; Mamontov, Eugene; Chen, Sow-Hsin
2012-02-15
Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is not only a wonderful drug, but also a good glass former. Therefore, it serves as an important molecular system to study the near-arrest and arrested phenomena. In this paper, a high-resolution quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) technique is used to investigate the slow dynamics of supercooled liquid and glassy aspirin from 410 down to 350 K. The measured QENS spectra can be analyzed with a stretched exponential model. We find that (i) the stretched exponent β(Q) is independent of the wavevector transfer Q in the measured Q range and (ii) the structural relaxation time τ(Q) follows a power-law dependence on Q. Consequently, the Q-independent structural relaxation time τ(0) can be extracted for each temperature to characterize the slow dynamics of aspirin. The temperature dependence of τ(0) can be fitted with the mode-coupling power law, the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann equation and a universal equation for fragile glass forming liquids recently proposed by Tokuyama in the measured temperature range. The calculated dynamic response function χ(T)(Q, t) using the experimentally determined self-intermediate scattering function of the hydrogen atoms of aspirin shows direct evidence of the enhanced dynamic fluctuations as the aspirin is increasingly supercooled, in agreement with the fixed-time mean squared displacement ⟨x(2)⟩ and the non-Gaussian parameter α(2) extracted from the elastic scattering.
Spin dependence in high $p^{2}_{T}$ elastic pp and np scattering
Crabb, D G; Hansen, P.H.; Hauser, J.; Krisch, A.D.; Sandler, B.; Shima, T.; Terwilliger, K.M.; Crosbie, E.A.; Ratner, L.G.; Schultz, P.F.; Thomas, G.H.; O'Fallon, J.R.; Lin, A.D.; Salthouse, A.J.; Linn, S.L.; Perlmutter, A.; Karmakar, N.L.; Kyberd, P.
1979-01-01
Using the polarized proton capability of the Argonne ZGS the authors recently made 90 degrees /sub cm/ measurements of elastic pp scattering from 6 to 11.75 GeV/c, determining the parallel and anti- parallel pure initial spin state cross sections and the associated spin-spin parameter A/sub nn/ with the spins normal to the scattering plane. They find that the parallel to anti-parallel cross section ratio rises dramatically from 1.2+or-.06 at p/sub t//sup 2/=3.3 (GeV /c)/sup 2/ to 3.2+or-.4 at 4.8 (GeV/c)/sup 2/, similar to the p/sub T //sup 2/ dependence previously observed at the fixed laboratory momentum of 11.75 GeV/c. They have also extended the measurements at 6 GeV/c and find that A/sub nn/ has a small but sharp rise at 90 degrees /sub cm/. In addition a month of 12 GeV/c polarized deuteron acceleration in the ZGS enabled them to measure two A/sub nn/ at two points at 6 GeV/c for np elastic scattering: A/sub nn/=-.17+or-.04 at p/sub T//sup 2/=.8, A/sub nn/=-.19+or-.05 at P/sub T//sup 2/=1.0. These value...
Quasi-elastic neutron scattering studies of the slow dynamics of supercooled and glassy aspirin
Zhang, Yang; Tyagi, Madhusudan; Mamontov, Eugene; Chen, Sow-Hsin
2012-02-01
Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is not only a wonderful drug, but also a good glass former. Therefore, it serves as an important molecular system to study the near-arrest and arrested phenomena. In this paper, a high-resolution quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) technique is used to investigate the slow dynamics of supercooled liquid and glassy aspirin from 410 down to 350 K. The measured QENS spectra can be analyzed with a stretched exponential model. We find that (i) the stretched exponent β(Q) is independent of the wavevector transfer Q in the measured Q range and (ii) the structural relaxation time τ(Q) follows a power-law dependence on Q. Consequently, the Q-independent structural relaxation time τ0 can be extracted for each temperature to characterize the slow dynamics of aspirin. The temperature dependence of τ0 can be fitted with the mode-coupling power law, the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann equation and a universal equation for fragile glass forming liquids recently proposed by Tokuyama in the measured temperature range. The calculated dynamic response function χT(Q, t) using the experimentally determined self-intermediate scattering function of the hydrogen atoms of aspirin shows direct evidence of the enhanced dynamic fluctuations as the aspirin is increasingly supercooled, in agreement with the fixed-time mean squared displacement langx2rang and the non-Gaussian parameter α2 extracted from the elastic scattering.
Quasi-Elastic Neutron Scattering Studies of the Slow Dynamics of Supercooled and Glassy Aspirin
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, Yang [ORNL; Tyagi, M. [NCNR and University of Maryland; Mamontov, Eugene [ORNL; Chen, Sow-hsin H [ORNL
2011-01-01
Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is not only a wonderful drug, but also a good glass former. Therefore, it serves as an important molecular system to study the near-arrest and arrested phenomena. In this paper, a high-resolution quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) technique is used to investigate the slow dynamics of supercooled liquid and glassy aspirin from 410 K down to 350 K. The measured QENS spectra can be analyzed with a stretched exponential model. We find that (i) the stretched exponent (Q) is independent of the wave vector transfer Q in the measured Q-range, and (ii) the structural relaxation time (Q) follows a power law dependence on Q. Consequently, the Q-independent structural relaxation time 0 can be extracted for each temperature to characterize the slow dynamics of aspirin. The temperature dependence of 0 can be fitted with the mode coupling power law, the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann equation and a universal equation for fragile glass forming liquids recently proposed by M. Tokuyama in the measured temperature range. The calculated dynamic response function T(Q,t) using the experimentally determined self-intermediate scattering function of the hydrogen atoms of aspirin shows a direct evidence of the enhanced dynamic fluctuations as the aspirin is increasingly supercooled, in agreement with the fixed-time mean squared displacement x2 and non-Gaussian parameter 2 extracted from the elastic scattering.
Comparison of the elastic and inelastic scattering between 152Sm + 12C and 148Nd + 16O
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhao Kui; Lu Xiuqin; Cheng Yehao; Li Qingli; Li Min; Li Zhichang; Guo Jiyu; Li Shuyuan; Zhang Qinghua; Song Xiaobin; Jiang Chenglie
1994-01-01
Angular distributions of elastic and inelastic scattering have been measured for 152 Sm+ 12 C at 63.2 MeV and 148 Nd+ 16 O at 90.9 MeV. An evident interference pattern in the inelastic scattering has been observed for the first time in a strong Coulomb coupling system. (orig.)
We intend to measure the structure of the unbound nucleus $^{21}$Al via resonance elastic and inelastic scattering with an active target. There are many goals: \\\\ a) to locate the 1/2$^{+}$ level in $^{21}$Al that brings information on the Thomas-Ehrman shift, \\\\ b) to measure the energy spectrum of $^{21}$Al which is a N=8 isotone with the resonance elastic scattering reaction, \\\\ c) to investigate via inelastic scattering the strength of core excitations in the existence of narrow unbound resonances beyond the proton drip-line.
A recoil detector for the measurement of antiproton-proton elastic scattering at angles close to 90°
Hu, Q.; Bechstedt, U.; Gillitzer, A.; Grzonka, D.; Khoukaz, A.; Klehr, F.; Lehrach, A.; Prasuhn, D.; Ritman, J.; Sefzick, T.; Stockmanns, T.; Täschner, A.; Wuestner, P.; Xu, H.
2014-10-01
The design and construction of a recoil detector for the measurement of recoil protons of antiproton-proton elastic scattering at scattering angles close to are described. The performance of the recoil detector has been tested in the laboratory with radioactive sources and at COSY with proton beams by measuring proton-proton elastic scattering. The results of laboratory tests and commissioning with beam are presented. Excellent energy resolution and proper working performance of the recoil detector validate the conceptual design of the KOALA experiment at HESR to provide the cross section data needed to achieve a precise luminosity determination at the PANDA experiment.
Phenomenology of the neutral weak current in elastic neutrino-nucleon scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cochard, G.M.; Ichola, A.
1978-01-01
The aim of this study is to check if we can construct the neutral weak current Jsub(μ)sup(nucleonc) of nucleons from ''known'' phenomenological currents, namely electromagnetic Vsub(μ)sup((deg)), Vsub(μ)sup((3)) and charged weak Vsub(μ)sup((+)), Vsub(μ)sup((-)). It will be seen that a neutral weak current, built with these pieces, is valid with respect to the experimental data on elastic neutrino-nucleon scattering through neutral current. The use of these data is interesting in the sense that we can avoid the uncertainties of the quark parton model and the gauge theories prejudices
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Garcon, M; Ahmidouch, A; Anklin, H; Arvieux, J; Ball, J; Beedoe, S; Beise, E J; Bimbo, L; Boeglin, W; Breuer, H; Carlini, R; Chant, N S; Danagoulian, S; Dow, K; Ducret, J -E; Dunne, J; Ewell, L; Eyraud, L; Furget, C; Gilman, R; Glashausser, C; Gueye, P; Gustafsson, K; Hafidi, K; Honegger, A; Jourdan, J; Kox, S; Kumbartzki, G; Lu, L; Lung, A; Mack, D; Markowitz, P; McIntyre, J; Meekins, D; Merchez, F; Mitchell, J; Mohring, R; Mtingwa, S; Mrktchyan, H; Pitz, D; Qin, L; Ransome, R; Raoul, J -S; Roos, P G; Rutt, P; Schmidt, W; Sawafta, R; Stepanyan, S; Stephenson, R; Tieulent, R; Tomasi-Gustafsson, E
1999-07-01
In elastic electron-deuteron scattering, the tensor polarization moments t{sub 20}, t{sub 21} and t{sub 22}, together with the unpolarized cross-sections, have been measured up to a momentum transfer of 1.8 (GeV/c){sup 2}, or 6.8 fm{sup -1}. The experiment was performed at Jefferson Laboratory using the recoil deuteron polarimeter POLDER. Preliminary results are presented and discussed, especially in view of their significance concerning the applicability of perturbative QCD to this exclusive process.
Local nuclear slope and curvature in high energy pp and pp-bar elastic scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Desgrolard, P. [Lyon-1 Univ., 69 - Villeurbanne (France). Inst. de Physique Nucleaire; Kontros, J.; Lengyel, A.I. [Inst. of Electron Physics, Uzhgorod (Ukraine); Martynov, E.S. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev (Ukraine). Bogolyubov Inst. for Theoretical Physics
1997-05-01
The local nuclear slope is reconstructed from the experimental angular distributions with a procedure that uses overlapping t-bins, for an energy that ranges from the ISR to the Sp-bar pS and the Tevatron. Predictions of several models of (p-bar,p) elastic scattering at high energy are tested. Only a model with two-components Pomeron and Odderon gives a satisfactory agreement with the (non fitted) slope data. The extreme sensitivity of the local nuclear curvature with the choice for a Pomeron model is emphasized. (author). 30 refs.
Elastic scattering research at a 1 MW long pulse spallation neutron source
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Crawford, R.K.
1995-01-01
The elastic scattering working group investigated instrumentation for powder diffraction, single-crystal diffraction, small-angle diffraction, and reflectometry. For this purpose, three subgroups were formed; one for powder diffraction and single-crystal diffraction, one for small-angle diffraction, and one for reflectometry. For the most part these subgroups worked separately, but for part of the time the reflectometry and small-angle diffraction subgroups met together to discuss areas of common interest. Contributors in each of these subgroups are indicated below along with the discussion of these subgroup deliberations
Analysis of the Quasi-Elastic Scattering of Neutrons in Hydrogenous Liquids
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Porohit, S.N.
1966-11-01
A critical discussion of the quasi-elastic scattering of neutrons by incoherent (hydrogenous) liquids is presented. Using the line shape expression a comparative discussion of several phenomenological models has been carried out. Extension of the Singwi-Sjoelander zero phonon expression, for the jump-diffusion model, so as to include the one phonon expression has also been given. For a delayed diffusion model a complete treatment of S(K, ω) is presented. Along the lines of the macroscopic diffusion cooling, a microscopic diffusion cooling effect in fluids is speculated
Hasell, D. K.; OLYMPUS Collaboration
2018-02-01
The OLYMPUS collaboration has recently made a precise measurement of the positron-proton to electron-proton elastic scattering cross section ratio, R 2γ, over a wide range of the virtual photon polarization, 0.456 fits to the available form factor data. The motivation for measuring R 2γ will be presented followed by a description of the OLYMPUS experiment. The importance of radiative corrections in the analysis will be shown also. Then we will present the OLYMPUS results and compare with results from two similar experiments and theoretical calculations.
Quasi-elastic Scattering Measurements in the 6,7Li+144Sm Systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Capurro, O. A.; Arazi, A.; Fernandez Niello, J. O.; Figueira, J. M.; Marti, G. V.; Martinez Heimann, D.; Negri, A. E.; Pacheco, A. J.; Monteiro, D. S.; Otomar, D. R.; Gomes, P. R. S.; Guimaraes, V.
2009-01-01
In the present work, results of measurements of quasi-elastic scattering cross sections using a silicon-telescope detector at backward angles are reported. They allowed us to deduce fusion barrier distributions from the first derivative of the corresponding excitation function (-d(dσ qes /dσ Rut )/dE). We report data for the systems 6,7 Li on 144 Sm which are characterized by loosely bound projectiles onto a closed neutron shell target. The experimental excitation functions and the associated barrier distributions are compared for both systems.
Elastic Scattering Of 6,7Li+80Se At Near And Above Barrier Energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fimiani, L.; Marti, G. V.; Capurro, O. A.; Barbara, E. de; Testoni, J. E.; Zalazar, L.; Arazi, A.; Cardona, M. A.; Carnelli, P.; Figueira, J. M.; Hojman, D.; Martinez Heimann, D.; Negri, A. E.; Pacheco, A. J.; Fernandez Niello, J. O.
2010-01-01
In this work we propose to study the elastic scattering of the weakly bound projectiles 6,7 Li on an intermediate mass target 80 Se. From the experimental results presented here, precise angular distributions at energies below, around and above the nominal Coulomb barriers of the systems were obtained. The final goal of our work is to determine the characteristic parameters of the optical potential and use them to address the question of whether the usual threshold anomaly or the breakup threshold anomaly are present or not in these systems.
Analysis of the Quasi-Elastic Scattering of Neutrons in Hydrogenous Liquids
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Porohit, S.N. [Nuclear Science and Engineering Dept., Rensselaer Polytechnique Inst., Troy, NY (United States)
1966-11-15
A critical discussion of the quasi-elastic scattering of neutrons by incoherent (hydrogenous) liquids is presented. Using the line shape expression a comparative discussion of several phenomenological models has been carried out. Extension of the Singwi-Sjoelander zero phonon expression, for the jump-diffusion model, so as to include the one phonon expression has also been given. For a delayed diffusion model a complete treatment of S(K, {omega}) is presented. Along the lines of the macroscopic diffusion cooling, a microscopic diffusion cooling effect in fluids is speculated.
Backward asymmetry measurements in the elastic pion-proton scattering at resonance energies
Alekseev, I. G.; Bazhanov, N. A.; Beloglazov, Yu. A.; Budkovsky, P. E.; Bunyatova, E. I.; Filimonov, E. A.; Kanavets, V. P.; Kovalev, A. I.; Koroleva, L. I.; Morozov, B. V.; Nesterov, V. M.; Novinsky, D. V.; Ryltsov, V. V.; Shchedrov, V. A.; Sulimov, A. D.
2008-01-01
The asymmetry parameter P was measured for the elastic pion-proton scattering in the very backward angular region of theta_cm ~ 150-170^o at several pion beam energies in the invariant mass range containing most of the pion-proton resonances. The general goal of the experimental program was to provide new data for partial wave analyses in order to resolve their uncertainties in the baryon resonance region to allow the unambiguous baryon spectrum reconstructions. Until recently the parameter P...
Depolarization in the elastic scattering of 65 MeV polarized protons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nakamura, M.; Sakaguchi, S.; Imai, K.; Noro, T.; Ohtani, F.
1980-01-01
A test measurement has been made of depolarization parameter for proton elastic scattering from 28 Si and 31 P. The experiment was performed using a 65 MeV polarized-proton beam from the RCNP cyclotron and silicon proton polarimeters. The over-all energy resolution estimated from the measured spectra was about 280 keV fwhm. The effective analyzing power of about 0.68 and the detector efficiency of 7 x 10 -6 were obtained for the present silicon polarimeter. Preliminary results were obtained with large errors due to the poor counting statistics. (author)
Complete experiment for dp and 3He,d backward elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rekalo, M.P.; Piskunov, N.M.; Sitnik, I.M.
1997-01-01
The problem of the complete experiment in backward elastic scattering of particles with spins of 1 and 1/2 is considered. For the first time all possible effects caused by polarization of one or two initial and one final particles are touched upon. The minimal set of measurements allowing to reconstruct each of four amplitudes describing this process is suggested. Some observables are expected to be sensitive to such deuteron peculiarities as possible P-wave components. The developed technique is a good tool to calculate easily the expectations in the Impulse Approximation for any observables. The geography of the complete experiment is briefly discussed
Short Range Correlations in Nuclei at Large xbj through Inclusive Quasi-Elastic Electron Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ye, Zhihong [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
2013-12-01
The experiment, E08-014, in Hall-A at Jefferson Lab aims to study the short-range correlations (SRC) which are necessary to explain the nuclear strength absent in the mean field theory. The cross sections for 2H, 3He, 4He, 12C, 40Ca and 48Ca, were measured via inclusive quasi-elastic electron scattering from these nuclei in a Q2 range between 0.8 and 2.8 (GeV/c)^{2} for x>1. The cross section ratios of heavy nuclei to 2H were extracted to study two-nucleon SRC for 1
Helicity in proton–proton elastic scattering and the spin structure of the pomeron
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Carlo Ewerz
2016-12-01
Full Text Available We discuss different models for the spin structure of the nonperturbative pomeron: scalar, vector, and rank-2 symmetric tensor. The ratio of single-helicity-flip to helicity-conserving amplitudes in polarised high-energy proton–proton elastic scattering, known as the complex r5 parameter, is calculated for these models. We compare our results to experimental data from the STAR experiment. We show that the spin-0 (scalar pomeron model is clearly excluded by the data, while the vector pomeron is inconsistent with the rules of quantum field theory. The tensor pomeron is found to be perfectly consistent with the STAR data.
Large t elastic proton-proton scattering at square root s=53 GeV
De Kerret, H; Bartl, Walter; Brandt, A; Broll, C; Büsser, F W; Coignet, G; Dibon, Heinz; Eichinger, H; Favier, Jean; Flügge, G; Gottfried, Christian; Massonnet, Louis; Nagy, E; Neuhofer, G; Niebergall, F; Regler, Meinhard; Regler, Meinhard; Schmidt-Parzefall, W; Schmidt-Parzefall, W; Schubert, K R; Schumacher, P E; Vivargent, M; Winter, Klaus; De Kerret, H; Nagy, E; Regler, M; Schmidt-Parzepall, W; Schubert, K R; Winter, K; Brandt, A no 2; Buesser, F W no 2; Dibon, H no 2; Fluegge, G no 2; Niebergall, F no 2; Schumacher, P E no 2; Aubert, J J no 3; Broll, C no 3; Coignet, G no 3; Favier, J no 3; Massonnet, L no 3; Vivargent, M no 3; Bartl, W no 4; Eichinger, H no 4; Gottfried, C no 4; Neuhofer, G no 4
1976-01-01
New experimental results are presented on proton-proton elastic scattering in the range of momentum transfer 0.8 GeV/sup 2/<-t<9 GeV /sup 2/ at a centre-of-mass energy of square root s=53 GeV. The data are obtained using the Split-Field-Magnet Detector at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings. The cross section has the well-known minimum at -t=(1.34+or-0.02) GeV/sup 2/ but no further minimum or change of slope is observed between 2 and 6.5 GeV/sup 2/. (8 refs).
New high precision data on the differential cross sections of the pion-proton elastic scattering
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alekseev I. G.
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The EPECUR collaboration presents new high precision data on the pion-proton elastic scattering in the second resonance region. The experiment EPECUR is placed on the universal beam channel of the accelerator ITEP. The setup features 0.1% beam pion momentum tagging system, 25 cm long liquid hydrogen target, placed in mylar container and beryllium outer shell, low material wire drift chambers and high performance DAQ. More than 3 billions of triggers have been collected. The data cover pion beam momentum range 0.8 - 1.3 GeV/c and 40-120 degrees center-of-mass scattering angle range for both positive and negative pions. The measured differential cross section has 2% statistical accuracy in 2 degrees angle and 5 MeV/c momentum intervals.
Energy-Dependent microscopic optical potential for p+{sup 9}Be elastic scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Maridi, H. M., E-mail: h.maridi@gmail.com [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613 (Egypt); Physics Department, Faculty of Applied Science, Taiz University, Taiz (Yemen); Farag, M. Y. H., E-mail: yehiafarag@cu.edu.eg; Esmael, E. H. [Physics Department, Faculty of Applied Science, Taiz University, Taiz (Yemen)
2016-06-10
The p+{sup 9}Be elastic scattering at an energy range up to 200 MeV/nucleon is analyzed using the single-folding model. The density- and isospin-dependent M3Y-Paris nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction is used for the real part and the NN-scattering amplitude of the high-energy approximation for the imaginary one. The analysis reveals that the cross-section data are reproduced well at energies up to 100 MeV/nucleon by use of the partial-wave expansion. For higher energies, the eikonal approximation give results better than the partial-wave expansion calculations. The volume integrals of the optical-potential parts have systematic energy dependencies, and they are parameterized in empirical formulas.
Elastic and inclusive proton--proton scattering with bare-Pomeron intercept above 1
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chu, S.; Desai, B.R.; Shen, B.C.; Field, R.D.
1976-01-01
An analysis of high-energy proton--proton scattering with bare-Pomeron intercept above 1 is presented. By use of a value α/sub P/(0) = 1.06, determined by the energy dependence of the pp total cross section, a triple-Regge analysis of the inclusive process pp → pX is carried out and compared with the results of a more conventional analysis with α/sub P/(0) = 1. The resulting triple-Regge couplings are used in calculating the second-order corrections to the bare Pomeron in the bare perturbation expansion of Reggeon field theory. We find that such an approach can correctly describe the existing high-energy pp total cross-section, elastic-, and inclusive-scattering data
Neutron elastic scattering on lead at 3.0 MeV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chavez, E.; Huerta, A.; Ortiz, M.E.; Rodriguez, P.; Favela, F.; Marin, D. [lFUNAM, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Moreno, E.; Murillo, G.; Policroniades, R.; Varela, A. [Laboratorio del Acelerador, INlN, AP 18-1027, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Barron P, L. [Arizona State University, P.O. Box 871504 Tempe, AZ 85287-1504 (United States)
2007-12-15
Recent interest on precise information of the elastic scattering of fast (MeV) neutrons on {sup 208}Pb revealed the lack of sufficient experimental information. In this work we present new data obtained at the EN-Tandem Accelerator Laboratory of the 'Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares' (ININ). A tagged mono-energetic flux of neutrons is generated through the D(d,n){sup 3}He reaction by detecting and identifying the conjugated Helium particles. The neutron 'cone' produced this way is directed towards a {sup nat}Pb target. The angular distribution of the scattered neutrons is measured between five and twenty degrees relative to the neutron direction by an array of plastic scintillators. Comparison with the previous data and optical model calculations is presented. Future perspectives are discussed. (Author)
Magnetic incoherent elastic scattering from an antiferromagnetic CrFe alloy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Holden, T.M.; Fawcett, E.
1978-01-01
The incoherent elastic neutron scattering cross sections of an antiferromagnetic Cr 2.8 at% Fe alloy has been measured. The results indicate that there is no magnetic incoherent component over the range of wave vector transfers studied, i.e. as close as 0.11 A -1 to the (100) magnetic reciprocal lattice point. From previous coherent scattering experiments the perturbation of the antiferromagnetic moment of chromium by added iron impurities is known to be large. It is concluded from these two facts that the magnetic perturbation of chromium by iron is very long-ranged in real space, so that a good physical picture is that all the chromium moments are affected equally by the addition of iron impurities. (author)
Large Logarithms in the Beam Normal Spin Asymmetry of Elastic Electron--Proton Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andrei Afanasev; Mykola Merenkov
2004-06-01
We study a parity-conserving single-spin beam asymmetry of elastic electron-proton scattering induced by an absorptive part of the two-photon exchange amplitude. It is demonstrated that excitation of inelastic hadronic intermediate states by the consecutive exchange of two photons leads to logarithmic and double-logarithmic enhancement due to contributions of hard collinear quasi-real photons. The asymmetry at small electron scattering angles is expressed in terms of the total photoproduction cross section on the proton, and is predicted to reach the magnitude of 20-30 parts per million. At these conditions and fixed 4-momentum transfers, the asymmetry is rising logarithmically with increasing electron beam energy, following the high-energy diffractive behavior of total photoproduction cross section on the proton.
Nearside-farside analysis of aligned heavy-ion elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Heck, K.; Grawert, G.; Mukhopadhyay, D.
1985-01-01
The nearside-farside decomposition of scattering amplitudes is brought to bear upon analysing powers for polarized heavy-ion elastic scattering. Results for aligned 7 Li on 58 Ni and on 12 C show that at an incident centre-of-mass energy slightly above the Coulomb barrier all observables provide a clear signature of a nearside-dominated process. This is in consonance with the so-called shape-effect ideology which relates second-rank analysing powers with the orientation of aligned, deformed projectiles solely at the point of closest approach. At higher energies, however, the advent of Fraunhofer interference as observed in cross section and analysing powers is found to be coupled with increasing deviations from the shape-effect relations. (orig.)
Analyses of pion-40Ca elastic scattering data using the Klein–Gordon equation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shehadeh, Z.F.
2009-01-01
The elastic scattering data for incident pion energies of 130, 163.3, 180, and 230 MeV on 40 Ca have been analyzed using the full Klein–Gordon equation (KGE), as opposed to its approximate form which renders it to the format of a Schroedinger equation with an energy-dependent potential (RSE). Calculated angular distributions, using KGE and RSE, for all four cases are nearly the same up to about 70° but differ significantly at larger angles. To fit the large-angle data of 163.3 MeV, the nature of the old potential determined by using RSE needs to be revised. The new potentials in four cases are presented and they are compatible with those determined from the inverse scattering theory at a fixed energy in the surface region. (author)
Elastic scattering of polarised deuterons from 16O at 200, 400 and 700 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nguyen Van Sen; Ye Yanlin; Arvieux, J.; Gaillard, G.; Bonin, B.; Boudard, A.; Bruge, G.; Lugol, J.C.; Babinet, R.; Antonuk, L.E.; Cameron, J.M.; Lam, S.T.; Neilson, G.C.; Roy, G.; Sheppard, D.M.
1987-01-01
Angular distributions of cross section, and A y and A yy analysing powers were measured for polarised deuteron elastic scattering from 16 O at 200, 400 and 700 MeV. The data at 200 MeV bear evidence of the nuclear rainbow phenomenon while those at 400 and 700 MeV are reminiscent of the proton scattering results at equivalent energies. The data were analysed in terms of the optical model. The real central potential shape changes from an attractive Woods-Saxon form at 200 MeV to a wine-bottle-bottom form with a repulsive interior at 700 MeV. The total reaction cross sections deduced display a clear nuclear transparency effect in the present energy domain in agreement with predictions from the Glauber theory optical limit. Comparison with previous results for 40 Ca and 58 Ni targets is made. (orig.)
Microscopic dynamics of the hydrogen bonded systems studied by quasi-elastic slow neutron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Padureanu, I.; Aranghel, D.; Radulescu, A.; Ion, M.; Lechner, R. E.; Desmedt, A.; Pieper, J.
2002-01-01
provide a satisfactory description of supercooled liquid dynamics. In order to contribute to an answer, we performed a new experiment of incoherent slow neutron scattering. Part of the obtained results is presented in a previously paper. Neutron scattering experiments were done at the time of flight spectrometer NEAT of the Berlin Neutron Scattering Center(BENSC). In this study we have used cold neutrons with the wavelength of λ = 5.1 A, which corresponds to an incident energy E o = 3.145 meV and a resolution ΔE = 98 μeV (full width at half-maximum, FWHM, of the elastic line of the vanadium sample). The scattering spectra were taken with 140 detectors in a large angular range 15.41 angle -1 for the elastic wave and the energy transfer hω s (θ,ω). The final data are obtained at 27 scattering angles as a function of the energy transfer hω for 8 temperatures 50 K, 100 K, 150 K, 188 K, 240 K, 290 K, 320 K and 400 K. The data have been also analyzed in terms of the generalized frequency distribution g (ω), the angular distribution dσ/dΩ of the quasi-elastically scattered neutrons and the observed line width ΔE = f (Q 0 2 , T). An obvious feature attribute to as boson peak is present at all temperatures from 50 K to 290 K in the dynamic scattering function Ss (θ,ω) and the generalized frequency distribution g (ω)/ω 2 of glycerol. The temperature dependence of the peak position shows an anomalous behavior near T g . This effect proves a soft dynamics additionally to the acoustic modes. At the same time the temperature dependence of the FWHM of the quasielastic line leads to a possible two step process approach in glycerol. (authors)
Ionization, photoelectron dynamics and elastic scattering in relativistic, ultra-strong field
Luo, Sui
Ultrastrong laser-matter interaction has direct bearing to next generation technologies including plasma acceleration, laser fusion and attosecond X-ray generation. The commonly known physics in strong field becomes different as one progress to ultrastrong field. The works presented in this dissertation theoretically study the influence of relativistic effect and magnetic component of the laser field on the ionization, photoelectron dynamics and elastic scattering processes. The influence of magnetic component (B laser) of circularly polarized (CP) ultrastrong fields (up to3 x 1022 W/cm2) on atomic bound state dynamics is investigated. The Poincare plots are used to find the changes in trajectory energies are on the order of a few percent for intensities up to1 x 1022 W/cm2. It is found that at intensities where ionization approaches 50% for the bound state, the small changes from Blaser of the circular polarized light can actually result in a several-fold decrease in ionization probability. The force on the bound electron exerted by the Lorentz force from B laser is perpendicular to the rotating plane of the circular polarized light, and this nature makes those trajectories which are aligned away from the minimum in the potential barrier stabilized against tunneling ionization. Our results provide a classical understanding for ionization in ultrastrong fields and indicate that relativistic effects in ultrastrong field ionization may most easily be seen with CP fields. The photoelectron energy spectra from elastic rescattering in ultrastrong laser fields (up to 2x1019 W/cm2) is studied by using a relativistic adaption of a semi-classical three-step recollision model. The Hartree-Fock scattering potentials are used in calculating the elastic rescattering for both hydrogenlike and noble gas species. It is found that there is a reduction in elastic rescattering for intensities beyond 6 x 1016 W/cm2 when the laser Lorentz deflection of the photoelectron exceeds its
Optical elastic scattering for early label-free identification of clinical pathogens
Genuer, Valentin; Gal, Olivier; Méteau, Jérémy; Marcoux, Pierre; Schultz, Emmanuelle; Lacot, Éric; Maurin, Max; Dinten, Jean-Marc
2016-03-01
We report here on the ability of elastic light scattering in discriminating Gram+, Gram- and yeasts at an early stage of growth (6h). Our technique is non-invasive, low cost and does require neither skilled operators nor reagents. Therefore it is compatible with automation. It is based on the analysis of the scattering pattern (scatterogram) generated by a bacterial microcolony growing on agar, when placed in the path of a laser beam. Measurements are directly performed on closed Petri dishes. The characteristic features of a given scatterogram are first computed by projecting the pattern onto the Zernike orthogonal basis. Then the obtained data are compared to a database so that machine learning can yield identification result. A 10-fold cross-validation was performed on a database over 8 species (15 strains, 1906 scatterograms), at 6h of incubation. It yielded a 94% correct classification rate between Gram+, Gram- and yeasts. Results can be improved by using a more relevant function basis for projections, such as Fourier-Bessel functions. A fully integrated instrument has been installed at the Grenoble hospital's laboratory of bacteriology and a validation campaign has been started for the early screening of MSSA and MRSA (Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus) carriers. Up to now, all the published studies about elastic scattering were performed in a forward mode, which is restricted to transparent media. However, in clinical diagnostics, most of media are opaque, such as blood-supplemented agar. That is why we propose a novel scheme capable of collecting back-scattered light which provides comparable results.
Measuring the Weak Charge of the Proton via Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jones, Donald C. [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
2015-10-01
The Qweak experiment which ran in Hall C at Jefferson Lab in Newport News, VA, and completed data taking in May 2012, measured the weak charge of the proton Q^{p}_{W} via elastic electron-proton scattering. Longitudinally polarized electrons were scattered from an unpolarized liquid hydrogen target. The helicity of the electron beam was flipped at approximately 1 kHz between left and right spin states. The Standard Model predicts a small parity-violating asymmetry of scattering rates between right and left helicity states due to the weak interaction. An initial result using 4% of the data was published in October 2013 [1] with a measured parity-violating asymmetry of -279 ± 35(stat) ± 31 (syst) ppb. This asymmetry, along with other data from parity-violating electron scattering experiments, provided the world's first determination of the weak charge of the proton. The weak charge of the proton was found to be ^{p}_{W} = 0.064 ± 0.012, in good agreement with the Standard Model prediction of ^{p}_{W}(SM) = 0.0708 ± 0.0003[2].
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Broome, J.
1965-11-01
The programme SCATTER is a KDF9 programme in the Egtran dialect of Fortran to generate normalized angular distributions for elastically scattered neutrons from data input as the coefficients of a Legendre polynomial series, or from differential cross-section data. Also, differential cross-section data may be analysed to produce Legendre polynomial coefficients. Output on cards punched in the format of the U.K. A. E. A. Nuclear Data Library is optional. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mourant, J.R.; Boyer, J.; Johnson, T.M.; Lacey, J.; Bigio, I.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Bohorfoush, A. [Wisconsin Medical School, Milwaukee, WI (United States). Dept. of Gastroenterology; Mellow, M. [Univ. of Oklahoma Medical School, Oklahoma City, OK (United States). Dept. of Gastroenterology
1995-03-01
The Los Alamos National Laboratory has continued the development of the Optical Biopsy System (OBS) for noninvasive, real-time in situ diagnosis of tissue pathologies. In proceedings of earlier SPIE conferences we reported on clinical measurements in the bladder, and we report here on recent results of clinical tests in the gastrointestinal tract. With the OBS, tissue pathologies are detected/diagnosed using spectral measurements of the elastic optical transport properties (scattering and absorption) of the tissue over a wide range of wavelengths. The use of elastic scattering as the key to optical tissue diagnostics in the OBS is based on the fact that many tissue pathologies, including a majority of cancer forms, exhibit significant architectural changes at the cellular and sub-cellular level. Since the cellular components that cause elastic scattering have dimensions typically on the order of visible to near-IR wavelengths, the elastic (Mie) scattering properties will be wavelength dependent. Thus, morphology and size changes can be expected to cause significant changes m an optical signature that is derived from the wavelength-dependence of elastic scattering. Additionally, the optical geometry of the OBS beneficially enhances its sensitivity for measuring absorption bands. The OBS employs a small fiber-optic probe that is amenable to use with any endoscope or catheter, or to direct surface examination, as well as interstitial needle insertion. Data acquistion/display time is <1 second.
Study of elastic and inelastic scattering of 16O on even-even Sm isotopes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Talon, Pascal.
1979-01-01
The recent equipment of tandem accelerators devoted to the study of heavy ion interactions with high-resolution magnetic spectrometers has enabled long-range effects to be observed during elastic scattering on deformed nuclei. These phenomena were studied as a function of energy around the Coulomb barrier and of Sm isotope deformation. Analyses by simple analytical formulae or using the optical model with an effective potential introducing an imaginary part into the Coulomb potential have fully confirmed that these long-range effects are induced by Coulomb excitation. A coupled channel analysis is shown to give access to nuclear deformation parameters. High resolution studies on the elastic scattering of heavy ions opens up a very interesting field of application for the study of deformed nuclei. The Coulomb barrier was seen to be lowered by the angular behavior of the Q opt of transfer reactions ( 16 O, 14 C) and ( 16 O, 12 C) on deformed Sm isotopes. It is now well known that the transfer of some nucleons induced by heavy ions can proceed from a two-stage mechanism. It may be supposed that the strong Coulomb excitation of a level can create the wave function overlapping conditions necessary to a nuclear transfer [fr
A fast filter processor as a part of the trigger logic in an elastic scattering experiment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kenyon Gjerpe, I.
1981-01-01
A fast special purpose processor as a part of the trigger logic in an elastic scattering experiment is described. The decision to incorporate such a processor was taken because the trigger rate was estimated to be an order of magnitude higher than the date taking capability of the on-line minicomputer, a NORD 10. The processor is capable of checking the coplanarity and the opening angle of the two outgoing tracks within about 100 μs. This is done with a spatial resolution of 1 mm by using two points each track given by 3 MWPCs. For comparison this is two orders of magnitude faster than the same algorithm coded in assembly language on a PDP 11/40. The main contribution to this increased speed is due to extensive use of pipelining and parallelism. When running with the processor in the trigger, 75% more elastic events per incoming beam particle were collected, and 3 times as many elastic events per trigger were recorded on to tape for further in-depth analysis, than previously. Due to major improvements in the primary trigger logic this was less than the gain initially anticipated. A first version of the processor was designed and constructed in the CERN DD division by J. Joosten, M. Letheren and B. Martin under the supervision of C. Verkerk. The author was involved in the final design, construction and testing, and subsequently was responsible for the intergration, programming and running of the processor in the experiment. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nicholson, H.W.
1978-11-01
A high precision measurement of the momentum dependence of backward K - p elastic scattering from 476 to 1077 MeV/c incident momentum was performed at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Altrnating Gradient Synchrotron. With the same apparatus the 0 0 production of pions in the reaction K - p → Σ - π + and K + p backward elastic scattering was also measured. Preliminary cross sections are presented for K - p backward elastic scattering and 0 0 Σ - π + production
Analytic description of elastic electron-atom scattering in an elliptically polarized laser field
Flegel, A. V.; Frolov, M. V.; Manakov, N. L.; Starace, Anthony F.; Zheltukhin, A. N.
2013-01-01
An analytic description of laser-assisted electron-atom scattering (LAES) in an elliptically polarized field is presented using time-dependent effective range (TDER) theory to treat both electron-laser and electron-atom interactions nonperturbatively. Closed-form formulas describing plateau features in LAES spectra are derived quantum mechanically in the low-frequency limit. These formulas provide an analytic explanation for key features of the LAES differential cross section. For the low-energy region of the LAES spectrum, our result generalizes the Kroll-Watson formula to the case of elliptic polarization. For the high-energy (rescattering) plateau in the LAES spectrum, our result generalizes prior results for a linearly polarized field valid for the high-energy end of the rescattering plateau [Flegel , J. Phys. BJPAPEH0953-407510.1088/0953-4075/42/24/241002 42, 241002 (2009)] and confirms the factorization of the LAES cross section into three factors: two field-free elastic electron-atom scattering cross sections (with laser-modified momenta) and a laser field-dependent factor (insensitive to the scattering potential) describing the laser-driven motion of the electron in the elliptically polarized field. We present also approximate analytic expressions for the exact TDER LAES amplitude that are valid over the entire rescattering plateau and reduce to the three-factor form in the plateau cutoff region. The theory is illustrated for the cases of e-H scattering in a CO2-laser field and e-F scattering in a midinfrared laser field of wavelength λ=3.5μm, for which the analytic results are shown to be in good agreement with exact numerical TDER results.
Measurement of charge symmetry breaking in {ital np} elastic scattering at 350 MeV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abegg, R. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2A3 (Canada); Berdoz, A.R.; Birchall, J.; Campbell, J.R. [University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada); Davis, C.A. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2A3 (Canada)]|[University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada); Delheij, P.P.J. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2A3 (Canada); Gan, L. [University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada); Green, P.W. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2A3 (Canada)]|[University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2N5 (Canada); Greeniaus, L.G. [University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2N5 (Canada); Healey, D.C.; Helmer, R. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2A3 (Canada); Kolb, N.; Korkmaz, E.; Lee, L. [University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2N5 (Canada); Levy, C.D.P. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2A3 (Canada); Li, J. [University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2N5 (Canada); Miller, C.A. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2A3 (Canada); Opper, A.K. [University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2N5 (Canada); Page, S.A. [University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada); Postma, H. [Technische Hogeschool, Delft, The Netherlands, 2600 GA (Netherlands); Ramsay, W.D. [University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada); Soukup, J. [University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2N5 (Canada); Stinson, G.M. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2A3 (Canada)]|[University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2N5 (Canada); van Oers, W.T.H. [University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada); Zelenski, A.N. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2A3 (Canada); Zhao, J. [University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada)
1995-07-15
TRIUMF Experiment 369, a measurement of charge symmetry breaking in {ital np} elastic scattering at 350 MeV, has completed data taking. Scattering asymmetries were measured with a polarized (unpolarized) neutron beam incident on an unpolarized (polarized) frozen spin target. Coincident scattered neutrons and recoil protons were detected by a mirror symmetric detection system in the center-of-mass angle range from 50{degree}--90{degree}. A preliminary result for the difference of the zero-crossing angles, where analyzing powers cross zero, is {Delta}{theta}{sub cm} =0.445{degree}{plus_minus}0.054{degree}(stat.){plus_minus}0.051{degree}(syst.) based on fits over the angle range 53.4{degree}{le}{theta}{sub cm}{le}86.9{degree}. The difference of the analyzing powers {Delta}{ital A}{equivalent_to}{ital A}{sub {ital n}}{minus}{ital A}{sub {ital p}}, where the subscripts denote polarized nucleons, was deduced with {ital dA}/{ital d}{theta}{sub cm}=({minus}1.35{plus_minus}0.05){times}10{sup {minus}2} deg{sup {minus}1} to be [60{plus_minus}7(stat.){plus_minus}7(syst.){plus_minus}2(syst.)] {times}10{sup {minus}4}.
Measurement of charge symmetry breaking in np elastic scattering at 350 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abegg, R.; Berdoz, A.R.; Birchall, J.
1994-10-01
TRIUMF experiment 369, a measurement of charge symmetry breaking in np elastic scattering at 350 MeV, has completed data taking. Scattering asymmetries were measured with a polarized (unpolarized) neutron beam incident on an unpolarized (polarized) frozen spin target. Coincident scattered neutrons and recoil protons were detected by a mirror symmetric detection system in the center-of-mass angle range from 50 deg - 90 deg. A preliminary result for the difference of the zero-crossing angles, where analyzing powers cross zero, is Δθ cm = 0.445 deg ± 0.054 deg (stat.) ± 0.051 deg (syst.) based on fits over the angle range 53.4 deg ≤ θ cm ≤ 86.9 deg. The difference of the analyzing powers ΔA ≡ A n - A p , where the subscripts denote polarized nucleons, was deduced with dA/dθ cm = (-1.35 ± 0.05) x 10 -2 deg -1 to be [60 ± 7(stat.) ± 7(syst.) ± 2(syst.)] x 10 -4 . (author). 11 refs., 6 figs
Analysis of a finite PML approximation to the three dimensional elastic wave scattering problem
Bramble, James H.
2010-01-01
We consider the application of a perfectly matched layer (PML) technique to approximate solutions to the elastic wave scattering problem in the frequency domain. The PML is viewed as a complex coordinate shift in spherical coordinates which leads to a variable complex coefficient equation for the displacement vector posed on an infinite domain (the complement of the scatterer). The rapid decay of the PML solution suggests truncation to a bounded domain with a convenient outer boundary condition and subsequent finite element approximation (for the truncated problem). We prove existence and uniqueness of the solutions to the infinite domain and truncated domain PML equations (provided that the truncated domain is sufficiently large). We also show exponential convergence of the solution of the truncated PML problem to the solution of the original scattering problem in the region of interest. We then analyze a Galerkin numerical approximation to the truncated PML problem and prove that it is well posed provided that the PML damping parameter and mesh size are small enough. Finally, computational results illustrating the efficiency of the finite element PML approximation are presented. © 2010 American Mathematical Society.
Elastic scattering of 40Ar and 84Kr on 209Bi and 238U at 7.2 and 8.5 MeV/N
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Birkelund, J.R.; Huizenga, J.R.; Freiesleben, H.; Wolf, K.L.; Unik, J.P.; Viola, V.E. Jr.
1976-01-01
Cross sections for elastic scattering of 40 Ar on targets of 209 Bi and 238 U were measured at energies of 286 and 340 MeV. Cross sections for the elastic scattering of 84 Kr on 209 Bi were measured at energies of 600 and 712 MeV. These experimental elastic scattering data were fitted with optical and Fresnel models. The total reaction cross section deduced from the Fresnel model by the one-quarter point technique agrees within a few percent with the result from the optical model. The Fresnel interaction radius and the optical model strong absorption radius are found to be approximately equal and qualitatively reproduced by the sum of the half-density electron scattering radii of the two heavy ions and a constant of 3.2+-0.3 fm. A method of estimating total reaction cross sections for heavy ions is presented. Some observations on the real and imaginary potentials of very heavy ions are presented
Measurement of small angle antiproton-proton elastic scattering at √s =546 and 1800 GeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abe, F.; Albrow, M.; Amidei, D.; Anway-Wiese, C.; Apollinari, G.; Atac, M.; Auchincloss, P.; Azzi, P.; Bacchetta, N.; Baden, A.R.; Badgett, W.; Bailey, M.W.; Bamberger, A.; de Barbaro, P.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V.E.; Barnett, B.A.; Bauer, G.; Baumann, T.; Bedeschi, F.; Behrends, S.; Belforte, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Benlloch, J.; Bensinger, J.; Beretvas, A.; Berge, J.P.; Bertolucci, S.; Biery, K.; Bhadra, S.; Binkley, M.; Bisello, D.; Blair, R.; Blocker, C.; Bodek, A.; Bolognesi, V.; Booth, A.W.; Boswell, C.; Brandenburg, G.; Brown, D.; Buckley-Geer, E.; Budd, H.S.; Busetto, G.; Byon-Wagner, A.; Byrum, K.L.; Campagnari, C.; Campbell, M.; Caner, A.; Carey, R.; Carithers, W.; Carlsmith, D.; Carroll, J.T.; Cashmore, R.; Castro, A.; Cen, Y.; Cervelli, F.; Chadwick, K.; Chapman, J.; Chapin, T.J.; Chiarelli, G.; Chinowsky, W.; Cihangir, S.; Clark, A.G.; Cobal, M.; Connor, D.; Contreras, M.; Cooper, J.; Cordelli, M.; Crane, D.; Cunningham, J.D.; Day, C.; DeJongh, F.; Dell'Agnello, S.; Dell'Orso, M.; Demortier, L.; Denby, B.; Derwent, P.F.; Devlin, T.; Dickson, M.; Drucker, R.B.; Dunn, A.; Einsweiler, K.; Elias, J.E.; Ely, R.; Eno, S.; Errede, S.; Etchegoyen, A.; Farhat, B.; Frautschi, M.; Feldman, G.J.; Flaugher, B.; Foster, G.W.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J.; Fuess, T.; Fukui, Y.; Garfinkel, A.F.; Gauthier, A.; Geer, S.; Gerdes, D.W.; Giannetti, P.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Gladney, L.; Gold, M.; Gonzalez, J.; Goulianos, K.; Grassmann, H.; Grieco, G.M.; Grindley, R.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Haber, C.; Hahn, S.R.; Handler, R.; Hara, K.; Harral, B.; Harris, R.M.; Hauger, S.A.; Hauser, J.; Hawk, C.; Hessing, T.; Hollebeek, R.; Holloway, L.; Hoelscher, A.; Hong, S.; Houk, G.; Hu, P.; Hubbard, B.; Huffman, B.T.; Hughes, R.; Hurst, P.; Huth, J.; Hylen, J.; Incagli, M.; Ino, T.; Iso, H.; Jessop, C.P.; Johnson, R.P.; Joshi, U.; Kadel, R.W.; Kamon, T.; Kanda, S.; Kardelis, D.A.; Karliner, I.; Kearns, E.; Keeble, L.; Kephart, R.; Kesten, P.
1994-01-01
Antiproton-proton elastic scattering was measured at c.m.s. energies √s =546 and 1800 GeV in the range of four-momentum transfer squared 0.025 2 . The data are well described by the exponential form e bt with a slope b=15.28±0.58 (16.98±0.25) GeV -2 at √s =546 (1800) GeV. The elastic scattering cross sections are, respectively, σ el =12.87±0.30 and 19.70±0.85 mb
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 1 GeV protons on the sup(144,150,152)Sm isotopes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tabet, J.P.; Bonin, B.; Boudard, A.; Chaumeaux, A.; Couvert, P.; Escudie, J.L.; Farvacque, L.; Garcon, M.; Legrand, D.; Lugol, J.C.
1982-01-01
We present the results of measurements of 1.04 GeV proton elastic and inelastic scattering on the sup(144,150,152)Sm isotopes. The use of HFB p- and n-densities gives a quite good description of the elastic scattering data. Neutron transition strengths are deduced for the 2 1 + and 2 1 - levels in 144 Sm. The channel coupling in the fairly well deformed 152 Sm nucleus is shown to be important. It can be well accounted for in a microscopic way in the Glauber model. (orig.)
54Fe neutron elastic and inelastic scattering differential cross sections from 2-6 MeV
Vanhoy, J. R.; Liu, S. H.; Hicks, S. F.; Combs, B. M.; Crider, B. P.; French, A. J.; Garza, E. A.; Harrison, T.; Henderson, S. L.; Howard, T. J.; McEllistrem, M. T.; Nigam, S.; Pecha, R. L.; Peters, E. E.; Prados-Estévez, F. M.; Ramirez, A. P. D.; Rice, B. G.; Ross, T. J.; Santonil, Z. C.; Sidwell, L. C.; Steves, J. L.; Thompson, B. K.; Yates, S. W.
2018-04-01
Measurements of neutron elastic and inelastic scattering cross sections from 54Fe were performed for nine incident neutron energies between 2 and 6 MeV. Measured differential scattering cross sections are compared to those from previous measurements and the ENDF, JENDL, and JEFF data evaluations. TALYS calculations were performed and modifications of the default parameters are found to better describe the experimental cross sections. A spherical optical model treatment is generally adequate to describe the cross sections in this energy region; however, in 54Fe the direct coupling is found to increase suddenly above 4 MeV and requires an increase in the DWBA deformation parameter by approximately 25%. This has little effect on the elastic scattering differential cross sections but makes a significant improvement in both the strength and shape of the inelastic scattering angular distribution, which are found to be very sensitive to the size and extent of the surface absorption region.
Elastic scattering of the intermediate energy kaon mesons on the nuclei and coulomb's effects
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang Zhenqiu; Kong Lingjiang; Liu Xianhui
1985-05-01
In the frame of the eikonal scattering theory, using the basic parameters which are given by the different authors, the elastic scattering of the intermediate energy kaon mesons /sup 12/C and /sup 40/Ca are studied. The Coulomb effect is calculated too. The results are agreement with the experimental data. The Coulombv effect does not only enhance the small angle differential cross section, but also fill up the dip of the differential cross section.
Analysing powers in free n vectorp forward elastic scattering at energies from 630 to 1000 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Korolev, G.A.; Khanzadeev, A.V.; Petrov, G.E.; Spiridenkov, E.M.; Vorobyov, A.A.; Terrien, Y.; Lugol, J.C.; Saudinos, J.; Silverman, B.H.; Wellers, F.
1985-01-01
The analysing powers in free n vectorp forward elastic scattering have been measured for incident neutron energies of 633, 784, 834, 934 and 985 MeV, and for momentum transfer 0.01 2 . The experiment used a recoil detector ionisation chamber which served at the same time as a gas target, and scintillation counters to measure the asymmetry of the scattered neutrons. (orig.)
Quasi-elastic and inelastic inclusive electron scattering from an oxygen jet target
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anghinolfi, M.; Cenni, R.; Levi Sandri, P.; Longhi, A.; Mokeev, V.I.; Polli, E.; Reolon, A.; Ricco, G.; Simula, S.; Taiuti, M.; Teglia, A.; Zucchiatti, A.
1996-01-01
The results of an experiment on inclusive electron scattering from an oxygen jet target, performed in a wide range of energy and momentum transfer covering both quasi-elastic and Δ(1232) resonance regions, are reported. In the former region the theoretical predictions, obtained including effects of nucleon-nucleon correlations in both initial and final states, give a good description of the experimental data. In the inelastic region a broadening as well as a damping of the resonant part of the cross section with respect to the free nucleon case is observed. The need of more detailed calculations including nuclear structure effects on the electroproduction cross section of nucleon resonances is highlighted. (orig.)
Analysis of 11Be + p elastic scattering using a BHF approach
Sharma, Manjari; Haider, W.; Bhagwat, A.
2017-10-01
The elastic scattering of the halo nucleus 11Be on the proton at various incident energies has been analysed using the microscopic optical potential (OP) calculated within the first order non-relativistic Brueckner-Hartree-Fock (BHF) approach. Argonne v-18 inter-nucleon potential is employed to calculate the microscopic OP. The nuclear density distribution has been obtained using a semi-phenomenological model. The density used shows extended neutron distribution indicating a possible halo structure. We have also compared our results with an empirical analysis using CH89 global OP. The analysis reveals that the BHF approach provides good agreement with the experimental data for all incident energies considered in this paper.
Measurement of the analysing power in proton–proton elastic scattering at small angles
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Z. Bagdasarian
2014-12-01
Full Text Available The proton analysing power in p→p elastic scattering has been measured at small angles at COSY-ANKE at 796 MeV and five other beam energies between 1.6 and 2.4 GeV using a polarised proton beam. The asymmetries obtained by detecting the fast proton in the ANKE forward detector or the slow recoil proton in a silicon tracking telescope are completely consistent. Although the analysing power results agree well with the many published data at 796 MeV, and also with the most recent partial wave solution at this energy, the ANKE data at the higher energies lie well above the predictions of this solution at small angles. An updated phase shift analysis that uses the ANKE results together with the World data leads to a much better description of these new measurements.
Test of charge symmetry in N-P elastic scattering at 350 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abegg, R.; Davis, C.A.; Delheij, P.P.J.; Healey, D.C.; Miller, C.A.; Stinson, G.M.; Wait, G.D.; Bandyopadhyay, D.; Birchall, J.; Davis, C.A.; Davison, N.E.; Page, S.A.; Ramsay, W.D.; Sekulovich, A.; Oers, W.T.H. van; Zhao, J.; Cairns, E.B.; Choi, K.; Green, P.W.; Greeniaus, L.G.; Korkmaz, E.; Rodning, N.L.; Soukup, J.
1989-01-01
An experiment similar in most respects to the recently completed TRIUMF experiment (E121) is being prepared for data taking. The experiment will measure the difference in analysis powers A n and A p (where the subscript denotes the polarised nucleon) at the zero-crossing angle in neutron-proton elastic scattering at 350 MeV. Designed as a null measurement, the experiment is to achieve an accuracy in ΔA = A n - A p of ±0.0008. In addition the experiment is to determine the shape of the angular distribution of ΔA in the range 60 0 to 90 0 c.m. The quantity ΔA is directly proportional to the isospin mixing or spin singlet-triplet mixing amplitude and therefore directly relates to charge symmetry breaking terms in the N-N interaction
Creation of X-Ray Transparency of Matter by Stimulated Elastic Forward Scattering
Stöhr, J.; Scherz, A.
2015-09-01
X-ray absorption by matter has long been described by the famous Beer-Lambert law. Here, we show how this fundamental law needs to be modified for high-intensity coherent x-ray pulses, now available at x-ray free electron lasers, due to the onset of stimulated elastic forward scattering. We present an analytical expression for the modified polarization-dependent Beer-Lambert law for the case of resonant core-to-valence electronic transitions and incident transform limited x-ray pulses. Upon transmission through a solid, the resonant absorption and dichroic contrasts are found to vanish with increasing x-ray intensity, with the stimulation threshold lowered by orders of magnitude through a resonant superradiantlike effect. Our results have broad implications for the study of matter with x-ray lasers.
Doubly differential and integral cross sections for electron elastic scattering by hydrogen sulfide
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aouchiche, H.; Medegga, F.; Champion, C.
2014-01-01
Theoretical doubly differential and integral cross sections for elastic scattering of electrons by hydrogen sulfide vapor are here reported for impact energies ranging from 10 eV to 10 keV. The calculations are carried out within the partial-wave formalism by means of a spherical complex optical potential model taking into account a static contribution deduced from a single-center Hartree–Fock target description as well as correlation–polarization and exchange effects. The results clearly point out the role played by the exchange and the correlation–polarization in particular at low incident energies and around the observed minima. Both doubly differential and integral cross sections are finally compared with a large set of experimental data and a satisfactory agreement is observed
Backward asymmetry measurements in the elastic pion-proton scattering at resonance energies
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alekseev, I.G.; Budkovsky, P.E.; Kanavets, V.P.; Koroleva, L.I.; Morozov, B.V.; Nesterov, V.M.; Ryltsov, V.V.; Sulimov, A.D.; Svirida, D.N. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Bazhanov, N.A.; Bunyatova, E.I.; Zolin, L.S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Beloglazov, Yu.A.; Filimonov, E.A.; Kovalev, A.I.; Novinsky, D.V.; Shchedrov, V.A.; Sumachev, V.V.; Trautman, V.Yu. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation)
2009-02-15
The asymmetry parameter P was measured for the elastic pion-proton scattering in the very backward angular region of {theta}{sub CM}{approx}150-170 at several pion beam energies in the invariant-mass range containing most of the pion-proton resonances. The general goal of the experimental program was to provide new data for partial wave analyses in order to resolve their uncertainties in the baryon resonance region to allow the unambiguous baryon spectrum reconstructions. Until recently the parameter P was not measured in the examined domain that might be explained by the extremely low cross-section. At the same time the predictions of various partial wave analyses are far from agreement in some kinematic areas and specifically those areas were chosen for the measurements where the disagreement is most pronouncing. The experiment was performed at the ITEP U-10 proton synchrotron, Moscow, by the ITEP-PNPI Collaboration in the latest 5 years. (orig.)
Backward asymmetry measurements in the elastic pion-proton scattering at resonance energies
Alekseev, I. G.; Bazhanov, N. A.; Beloglazov, Yu. A.; Budkovsky, P. E.; Bunyatova, E. I.; Filimonov, E. A.; Kanavets, V. P.; Kovalev, A. I.; Koroleva, L. I.; Morozov, B. V.; Nesterov, V. M.; Novinsky, D. V.; Ryltsov, V. V.; Shchedrov, V. A.; Sulimov, A. D.; Sumachev, V. V.; Svirida, D. N.; Trautman, V. Yu.; Zolin, L. S.
2009-02-01
The asymmetry parameter P was measured for the elastic pion-proton scattering in the very backward angular region of θ_{CM}^{} ≈ 150 - 170° at several pion beam energies in the invariant-mass range containing most of the pion-proton resonances. The general goal of the experimental program was to provide new data for partial wave analyses in order to resolve their uncertainties in the baryon resonance region to allow the unambiguous baryon spectrum reconstructions. Until recently the parameter P was not measured in the examined domain that might be explained by the extremely low cross-section. At the same time the predictions of various partial wave analyses are far from agreement in some kinematic areas and specifically those areas were chosen for the measurements where the disagreement is most pronouncing. The experiment was performed at the ITEP U-10 proton synchrotron, Moscow, by the ITEP-PNPI Collaboration in the latest 5 years.
Proton resonance elastic scattering of $^{30}$Mg for single particle structure of $^{31}$Mg
The single particle structure of $^{31}$Mg, which is located in the so-called “island of inversion”, will be studied through measuring Isobaric Analog Resonances (IARs) of bound states of $^{31}$Mg. They are located in the high excitation energy of $^{31}$Al. We are going to determine the spectroscopic factors and angular momenta of the parent states by measuring the excitation function of the proton resonance elastic scattering around 0 degrees in the laboratory frame with around 3 MeV/nucleon $^{30}$Mg beam. The present study will reveal the shell evolution around $^{32}$Mg. In addition, the spectroscopic factor of the (7/2)$^{−}$ state which was not yet determined experimentally, may allow one to study the shape coexistence in this nucleus.
Hinterberger, F; Altmeier, M; Bauer, F; Bisplinghoff, J; Büsser, K; Busch, M; Colberg, T; Diehl, O; Dohrmann, F; Engelhardt, H P; Eversheim, P D; Felden, O; Gebel, R; Glende, M; Greiff, J; Gross-Hardt, R; Hinterberger, F; Jahn, R; Jonas, E; Krause, H; Langkau, R; Lindemann, T; Lindlein, J; Maier, R; Maschuw, R; Mayer-Kuckuk, T; Meinerzhagen, A; Naehle, O; Prasuhn, D; Rohdjess, H; Rosendaal, D; Von Rossen, P; Schirm, N; Schulz-Rojahn, M; Schwarz, V; Scobel, W; Trelle, H J; Weise, E; Wellinghausen, A; Woller, K; Ziegler, R
2000-01-01
The EDDA experiment at the cooler synchrotron COSY measures proton-proton elastic scattering excitation functions in the momentum range 0.8 - 3.4 GeV/c. In phase 1 of the experiment, spin-averaged differential cross sections were measured continuously during acceleration with an internal polypropylene (CH sub 2) fiber target, taking particular care to monitor luminosity as a function of beam momentum. In phase 2, excitation functions of the analyzing power A sub N and the polarization correlation parameters A sub N sub N , A sub S sub S and A sub S sub L are measured using a polarized proton beam and a polarized atomic hydrogen beam target. The paper presents recent d sigma/d OMEGA and A sub N data. The results provide excitation functions and angular distributions of high precision and internal consistency. No evidence for narrow structures was found. The data are compared to recent phase shift solutions.
Experimental results on large angle elastic pp scattering at the CERN ISR
Kwak, N; Bartl, Walter; Brandt, A; Broll, C; Coignet, G; Dibon, Heinz; Eichinger, H; Favier, Jean; Flügge, G; Gottfried, Christian; Lohrmann, E; Massonnet, Louis; Nagy, E; Neuhofer, G; Niebergall, F; Regler, Meinhard; Schmidt-Parzefall, W; Schubert, K R; Schumacher, P E; Vivargent, M; Winter, Klaus
1975-01-01
New experimental results are presented on proton-proton elastic scattering at centre-of-mass energies square root s=23 GeV and square root s=62 GeV. The data are obtained using the Split Field Magnet detector at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings. The absolute differential cross-sections show an energy-dependent behaviour. The position of the diffraction minimum changes from t=(-1.44+or-0.02) GeV /sup 2/ at 23 GeV to (-1.26+or-0.03) GeV/sup 2/ at 62 GeV. The cross- section at the second maximum is increasing with square root s. The connection of these observations with the hypothesis of 'geometrical scaling' is discussed. (8 refs).
Forward elastic scattering and total cross-section at very high energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Castaldi, R.
1985-01-01
The successful cooling technique of antiproton beams at CERN has recently allowed the acceleration of proton and antiproton bunches simultaneously circulating in opposite directions in the SPS. Hadron-hadron collisions could so be produced at a centre-of-mass energy one order of magnitude higher than previously available, thus opening a new wide range of energies to experimentation. This technique also made it possible to replace one of the two proton beams in the ISR by a beam of antiprotons, allowing a direct precise comparison, by the same detectors, of pp and anti pp processes at the same energies. The recent results are summarized of the forward elastic scattering and total cross-section in this new energy domain. (Mori, K.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abrahamyan, S; Afanasev, A; Ahmed, Z; Albataineh, H; Aniol, K; Armstrong, D S; Armstrong, W; Arrington, J; Averett, T; Babineau, B; Bailey, S L; Barber, J; Barbieri, A; Beck, A; Bellini, V; Beminiwattha, R; Benaoum, H; Benesch, J; Benmokhtar, F; Bertin, P; Bielarski, T; Boeglin, W; Bosted, P; Butaru, F; Burtin, E; Cahoon, J; Camsonne, A; Canan, M; Carter, P; Chang, C C; Cates, G D; Chao, Y -C; Chen, C; Chen, J -P; Choi, Seonho; Chudakov, E; Cisbani, E; Craver, B; Cusanno, F; Dalton, M M; De Leo, R; de Jager, K; Deconinck, W; Decowski, P; Deepa, D; Deng, X; Dutta, D; Etile, A; Ferdi, C; Feuerbach, J; Finn, J M; Flay, D; Franklin, G B; Friend, M; Frullani, S; Fuchey, E; Fuchs, S A; Fuoti, K; Garibaldi, F; Gasser, E; Gilman, R; Guisa, A; Glamazdin, A; Glesener, L E; Gomez, J; Gorchtein, M; Grames, J; Grimm, K; Gu, C; Hansen, O; Hansknecht, J; Hen, O; Higinbotham, D W; Holmes, R S; Holmstrom, T; Horowitz, C J; Hoskins, J; Huang, J; Humensky, T B; Hyde, C E; Ibrahim, H; Itard, F; Jen, C -M; Jensen, E; Jiang, X; Jin, G; Johnston, S; Katich, J; Kaufman, L J; Kelleher, A; Kliakhandler, K; King, P M; Kolarkar, A; Kowalski, S; Kuchina, E; Kumar, K S; Lagamba, L; Lambert, D; LaViolette, P; Leacock, J; Leckey IV, J; Lee, J H; LeRose, J J; Lhuillier, D; Lindgren, R; Liyanage, N; Lubinsky, N; Mammei, J; Mammoliti, F; Margaziotis, D J; Markowitz, P; Mazouz, M; McCormick, K; McCreary, A; McNulty, D; Meekins, D G; Mercado, L; Meziani, Z -E; Michaels, R W; Mihovilovic, M; Moffit, B; Monaghan, P; Muangma, N; Munoz-Camacho, C; Nanda, S; Nelyubin, V; Neyret, D; Nuruzzaman,; Oh, Y; Otis, K; Palmer, A; Parno, D; Paschke, K D; Phillips, S K; Poelker, M; Pomatsalyuk, R; Posik, M; Potokar, M; Prok, K; Puckett, A.J.R.; Qian, X; Qiang, Y; Quinn, B; Rakhman, A; Reimer, P E; Reitz, B; Riordan, S; Roche, J; Rogan, P; Ron, G; Russo, G; Saenboonruang, K; Saha, A; Sawatzky, B; Shahinyan, A; Silwal, R; Singh, J; Sirca, S; Slifer, K; Snyder, R; Solvignon, P; Souder, P A; Sperduto, M L; Subedi, R; Stutzman, M L; Suleiman, R; Sulkosky, V; Sutera, C M; Tobias, W A; Troth, W; Urciuoli, G M; Ulmer, P; Vacheret, A; Voutier, A; Waidyawansa, B; Wang, D; Wang, K; Wexler, J; Whitbeck, A; Wilson, R; Wojtsekhowski, B; Yan, X; Yao, H; Ye, Y; Ye, Z; Yim, V; Zana, L; Zhan, X; Zhang, J; Zhang, Y; Zheng, X; Ziskin, V; Zhu, P
2012-11-05
Here we have measured the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry A{sub n} in the elastic scattering of 1-3 GeV transversely polarized electrons from ^{1}H and for the first time from ^{4}He, ^{12}C, and ^{208}Pb. For ^{1}H, ^{4}He and ^{12}C, the measurements are in agreement with calculations that relate A_{n} to the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange amplitude including inelastic intermediate states. Surprisingly, the ^{208}Pb result is significantly smaller than the corresponding prediction using the same formalism. Our results suggest that a systematic set of new A^{n} measurements might emerge as a new and sensitive probe of the structure of heavy nuclei.
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 1.37GeV alpha particles on 12C
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bauer, T.; Bertini, R.; Boudard, A.; Bruge, G.; Catz, H.; Chaumeaux, A.; Couvert, P.; Duhm, H.H.; Fontaine, J.M.; Garreta, D.; Layly, V.; Lugol, J.C.; Schaeffer, R.
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 1.37GeV alpha-particles have been measured by means of the SPES I magnetic spectrometer facility. The alpha-particles were accelerated by the synchrotron Saturne. Angular distributions have been measured in a 3-15 deg angular range for the ground and the first three excited states in 12 C. The energy resolution was 400-700keV. Calculations have been performed in the framework of the Kerman, McManus and Thaler formalism. The nucleon-alpha amplitudes have been calculated from the nucleon-nucleon data at 350MeV by means of the Glauber model and checked on the experimental p- 4 He data at the same energy [fr
Precision measurement of charge symmetry breaking in np elastic scattering at 347 MeV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abegg, R. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Berdoz, A.R.; Birchall, J. [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada). Dept. of Physics] [and others
1995-07-01
Charge symmetry breaking in np elastic scattering at 347 MeV has been measured with high precision. From fits of the measured asymmetry curves over the angular range 53.4{degree} {le} {theta}{sub cm} {le} 86.9{degree}, the difference in the center-of-mass zero-crossing angles of the analyzing powers was determined to be 0.438{degree} {+-} 0.054{degree} (stat.) {+-} 0.051{degree} (syst.). Using the experimentally determined slope of the analyzing power, dA/d{theta} = ({minus}1.35 {+-} 0.05) {times} 10{sup {minus}2} deg{sup {minus}1}, this is equivalent to {Delta}A = [59 {+-} 7(stat.) {+-} 7(syst.) {+-} 2(syst.)] {times} 10{sup {minus}4}. Predictions of nucleon-nucleon interaction models based on meson exchange agree well with this result.
A study of quasi-elastic muon (anti) neutrino scattering in the NOMAD experiment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lyubushkin, V.V.; Popov, B.A.
2008-01-01
We have studied the muon neutrino and antineutrino-quasi-elastic (QEL) scattering reactions (ν μ n → μ - p and νbar μ p → μ + n) using a set of experimental data collected by the NOMAD collaboration. We have performed measurements of the cross section of these processes on a nuclear target (mainly carbon) normalizing it to the total ν μ (νbar μ ) charged current cross section. The results for the flux averaged QEL cross sections in the (anti)neutrino energy interval 3-100 GeV are (σ qel )ν μ = (0.92 ± 0.02 (stat.) ± 0.06 (syst.)) · 10 -38 cm 2 and (σ qel )νbar μ = (0.81 ± 0.05 (stat.) ± 0.08 (syst.)) · 10 -38 cm 2 for neutrino and antineutrino, respectively. The axial mass parameter M A was extracted from the measured quasi-elastic neutrino cross section. The corresponding result is M A = 1.05 ± 0.02 (stat.) ± 0.06 (syst.) GeV. It is consistent with the axial mass values recalculated from the antineutrino cross section and extracted from the pure Q 2 shape analysis of the high purity sample of ν μ quasi-elastic 2-track events, but has smaller systematic error and should be quoted as the main result of this work. The measured M A is found to be in good agreement with the world average value obtained in the previous deuterium filled bubble chamber experiments. These results do not support M A measurements published recently by the K2K and MiniBooNE collaborations, which reported somewhat larger values, which are however compatible with our results within their large errors
Study of the proton-proton elastic scattering at high energies through eikonal models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Martini, Alvaro Favinha
1995-01-01
The proton-proton elastic scattering in the center of mass energy region 23 to 63 GeV is investigated through a multiple diffraction model. As an introduction to the subject, a detailed review of the fundamental basis of the Multiple Diffraction Formalism and a survey of the multiple diffraction models (geometrical) currently used are presented. The goal of this investigation is to reformulate one of these models, which makes use of an elementary (parton-parton) amplitude purely imaginary and is not able to predict the ρ-parameter (the ratio of the forward real and imaginary parts of the hadronic amplitude). Introducing a real part for the elementary amplitude proportional to the imaginary part, improvements in the formalism are obtained. It is shown that this new approach is able to reproduce all experimental data on differential and integrated cross sections (total, elastic and inelastic), but not the ρ-parameter as function of the energy. Then, starting from fitting of this parameter an overall reproduction of the physical observables is obtained, with the exception of the dip region (diffractive minimum in the differential cross section) overall description are also not firmly reached in all these models. Finally, alternatives to improve the results in a future research are suggested and discussed. (author)
Analysis of Quasi-Elastic e-n and e-p Scattering from Deuterium
Balsamo, Alexander; Gilfoyle, Gerard; CLAS12 Collaboration
2017-09-01
One of Jefferson Lab's goals is to unravel the quark-gluon structure of nuclei. We will use the ratio, R, of electron-neutron to electron-proton scattering on deuterium to probe the magnetic form factor of the neutron. We have developed an end-to-end analysis from simulation to extraction of R in quasi-elastic kinematics for an approved experiment with the CLAS12 detector. We focus on neutrons detected in the CLAS12 calorimeters and protons measured with the CLAS12 forward detector. Events were generated with the Quasi-Elastic Event Generator (QUEEG) and passed through the Monte Carlo code gemc to simulate the CLAS12 response. These simulated events were reconstructed using the latest CLAS12 Common Tools. We first match the solid angle for e-n and e-p events. The electron information is used to predict the path of both a neutron and proton through CLAS12. If both particles interact in CLAS12 the e-n and e-p events have the same solid angle. We select QE events by searching for nuclei near the predicted position. An angular cut between the predicted 3-momentum of the nucleon and the measured value, θpq, separates QE and inelastic events. We will show the simulated R as a function of the four-momentum transfer Q2. Work supported by the University of Richmond and the US Department of Energy.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asa'd, Z.; Coupland, M.; Davis, D.G.; Duff, B.G.; Gjerpe, I.; Heymann, F.F.; Imrie, D.C.; Lowndes, R.; Lush, G.J.; Phillips, M.; Baglin, C.; Poulet, M.; Yvert, M.; Benso, S.; Buzzo, A.; Ferroni, S.; Gracco, V.; Macri, M.; Santroni, A.; Brobakken, K.; Bugge, L.; Buran, T.; Fearnley, T.; Helgaker, P.; Kirsebom, K.; Moe, A.; Soerensen, S.O.; Hansen, J.D.; Myrheim, J.; Skjevling, G.
1982-01-01
Measurements of the differential elastic cross sections for π - p scattering at incident momenta of 20 and 50 GeV/c and π + p at 50 GeV/c in the momentum transfer range 0.7 2 are presented. The data are compared with various models of elastic scattering. (orig.)
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 1.044 GeV protons by 40Ca, 42Ca, 44Ca, 48Ca and 48Ti
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alkhazov, G.D.; Bauer, T.; Beurtey, R.; Boudard, A.; Bruge, G.; Chaumeaux, A.; Couvert, P.; Cvijanovich, G.; Duhm, H.H.; Fontaine, J.M.; Garreta, D.; Kulikov, A.V.; Legrand, D.; Lugol, J.C.; Saudinos, J.; Thirion, J.; Vorobyov, A.A.
1976-01-01
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 1.044 GeV protons have been studied on isotopically enriched even 40 42 48 48 Ca isotopes and 48 Ti. A spin independent Glauber theory analysis of the elastic scattering allowed the extraction of neutron and nuclear matter densities for these targets. (Auth.)
Measurement of the analyzing power in antipp elastic scattering between 439 and 697 MeV/c
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Catz, H.; Chaumeaux, A.; Faivre, J.C.; Vercellin, E.; Arvieux, J.; Yonnet, J.; Van den Brands, B.; Konter, J.A.; Gill, D.R.; Mango, S.; Wait, G.D.; Boschitz, E.; Gyles, W.; List, W.; Otterman, C.; Tacik, R.; Wessler, M.; Descrois, E.; Grossiors, J.Y.; Guichard, A.
1990-01-01
Angular distributions of the analyzing power A y and of the differential cross section dσ/DΩ in antipp elastic scattering have been measured at 439, 544 and 697 MeV/c. Our results of A y are compared with those measured at nearby energies, and with various theoretical models
Elastic scattering of 16O on 28Si between 45.0 and 73.5 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shkolnik, V.; Dehnhard, D.; Kubono, S.; Franey, M.A.; Tripp, S.; Artz, J.L.; Weber, D.J.
1977-01-01
Angular distributions of 16 O elastically scattering by Si isotopes were analyzed by the optical model. Differential cross sections are shown for all isotopes at 60 MeV, and for 28 Si at energies from 45 to 63 MeV. The potentials found are discussed in some detail; the best fits were produced by surface-transparent potentials. 3 figures, 2 tables
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antoniassi, M.; Conceicao, A.L.C. [Departamento de Fisica e Matematica, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Poletti, M.E., E-mail: poletti@ffclrp.usp.br [Departamento de Fisica e Matematica, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo (Brazil)
2011-10-01
In this work we have measured Compton and Rayleigh scattering radiation from normal (adipose and fibroglandular), benign (fibroadenoma) and malignant (ductal carcinoma) breast tissues using a monoenergetic beam of 17.44 keV and a scattering angle of 90{sup o} (x=0.99 A{sup -1}). A practical method using the area of Rayleigh and Compton scattering was used for determining the effective atomic number (Z{sub eff}) of the samples, being validated through measurements of several reference materials. The results show that there are differences in the distributions of Z{sub eff} of breast tissues, which are mainly related to the elemental composition of carbon (Z=6) and oxygen (Z=8) of each tissue type. The results suggest that is possible to use the method to characterize the breast tissues permitting study histological features of the breast tissues related to their elemental composition.
Antoniassi, M.; Conceição, A. L. C.; Poletti, M. E.
2011-10-01
In this work we have measured Compton and Rayleigh scattering radiation from normal (adipose and fibroglandular), benign (fibroadenoma) and malignant (ductal carcinoma) breast tissues using a monoenergetic beam of 17.44 keV and a scattering angle of 90° ( x=0.99 Å -1). A practical method using the area of Rayleigh and Compton scattering was used for determining the effective atomic number ( Zeff) of the samples, being validated through measurements of several reference materials. The results show that there are differences in the distributions of Zeff of breast tissues, which are mainly related to the elemental composition of carbon ( Z=6) and oxygen ( Z=8) of each tissue type. The results suggest that is possible to use the method to characterize the breast tissues permitting study histological features of the breast tissues related to their elemental composition.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Antoniassi, M.; Conceicao, A.L.C.; Poletti, M.E.
2011-01-01
In this work we have measured Compton and Rayleigh scattering radiation from normal (adipose and fibroglandular), benign (fibroadenoma) and malignant (ductal carcinoma) breast tissues using a monoenergetic beam of 17.44 keV and a scattering angle of 90 o (x=0.99 A -1 ). A practical method using the area of Rayleigh and Compton scattering was used for determining the effective atomic number (Z eff ) of the samples, being validated through measurements of several reference materials. The results show that there are differences in the distributions of Z eff of breast tissues, which are mainly related to the elemental composition of carbon (Z=6) and oxygen (Z=8) of each tissue type. The results suggest that is possible to use the method to characterize the breast tissues permitting study histological features of the breast tissues related to their elemental composition.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wielunski, L.S. [Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Lindfield, NSW (Australia). Div. of Applied Physics
1996-12-31
The sensitivity of hydrogen elastic recoil detection ( ERD ) is usually limited by the low energy background in the ERD spectrum. A number of 4.5 MeV He{sup ++} hydrogen ERD spectra from different hydrogen implanted samples are compared. The samples are chosen with different atomic numbers from low Z (carbon) to high Z (tungsten carbide) to observe the effects of multiple scattering and double scattering within the sample material. The experimental depth resolution and levels of the low energy background in ERD spectra are compared with theoretical predictions from multiple and double scattering. 10 refs., 2 tabs., 5 figs.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Laurens, Georges
1971-01-01
180000 pictures taken in the 2 m CERN hydrogen bubble chamber with an incident beam of 2.77 GeV/e were examined. High statistics obtained in the whole angular production range allowed to study the dσ/dt differential cross section behaviour, the mass and width of the ρ meson, and the multipole parameters of this resonance. Nevertheless, the aim of this experiment was the application of the CHEW - LOW extrapolation method. Different types of extrapolation procedures were compared. Phase shift analysis of the elastic ππ scattering between 500 and 1100 MeV, performed with conformal mappings, allowed to determine the values of the S 0 , S 2 , P 1 , D 0 , D 2 waves. Forward dispersion relations were used to obtain scattering length values of the S 2 and P 1 phase shifts. (author) [fr
Measurement of the n-p elastic scattering angular distribution at En=14.9 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Boukharouba, N.; Bateman, F. B.; Carlson, A. D.; Brient, C. E.; Grimes, S. M.; Massey, T. N.; Haight, R. C.; Carter, D. E.
2010-01-01
The relative differential cross section for the elastic scattering of neutrons by protons was measured at an incident neutron energy E n =14.9 MeV and for center-of-mass scattering angles ranging from about 60 deg. to 180 deg. Angular distribution values were obtained from the normalization of the integrated data to the n-p total elastic scattering cross section. Comparisons of the normalized data to the predictions of the Arndt et al. phase-shift analysis, those of the Nijmegen group, and with the ENDF/B-VII.0 evaluation are sensitive to the value of the total elastic scattering cross section used to normalize the data. The results of a fit to a first-order Legendre polynomial expansion are in good agreement in the backward scattering hemisphere with the predictions of the Arndt et al. phase-shift analysis, those of the Nijmegen group, and to a lesser extent, with the ENDF/B-VII.0 evaluation. A fit to a second-order expansion is in better agreement with the ENDF/B-VII.0 evaluation than with the other predictions, in particular when the total elastic scattering cross section given by Arndt et al. and the Nijmegen group is used to normalize the data. A Legendre polynomial fit to the existing n-p scattering data in the 14 MeV energy region, excluding the present measurement, showed that a best fit is obtained for a second-order expansion. Furthermore, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test confirms the general agreement in the backward scattering hemisphere and shows that significant differences between the database and the predictions occur in the angular range between 60 deg. and 120 deg. and below 20 deg. Although there is good overall agreement in the backward scattering hemisphere, more precision small-angle scattering data and a better definition of the total elastic cross section are needed for an accurate determination of the shape and magnitude of the angular distribution.
Black hole scattering via pseudospectral methods
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Clemente, Paula C.M.; Oliveira, Henrique P. de; Rodrigues, Eduardo L. [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), RJ (Brazil)
2012-07-01
Full text: We have considered the problem which refers to scattering and absorption of perturbations from a black hole. These perturbations can be scalar, electromagnetic or gravitational waves and satisfy a Schrodinger-type equation, where the potential is specified by the black hole under consideration. Unfortunately, this problem can not be solved by a standard pseudospectral method, the reason is that does not exist a infinite interval basis set, capable of modelling the ingoing and outgoing waves. By using the rational Chebyshev functions and, adding to it, special functions called 'radiation functions' we are able to compute with high precision the transmission and reflection coefficients. These difficulties emerge, because the rational Chebyshev functions can not correctly represent the asymptotic sine waves present in the work. In order to introduce the various concepts involved in the study of wave scattering by black holes, we have assumed in this work, the easiest relativistic case, where scalar waves are scattered by a potential generated by a static and spherically symmetric Schwarzschild black hole. We have adapted and modified the pseudospectral method devised by Boyd, (Computer in Physics, 83 (1990)) which consists in a potential barrier problem in one dimension, the concept of numerical implementation remains the same. The extension of the code for the wave scattering by other black holes is, also, discussed. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dohet-Eraly, Jeremy [F.R.S.-FNRS (Belgium); Sparenberg, Jean-Marc; Baye, Daniel, E-mail: jdoheter@ulb.ac.be, E-mail: jmspar@ulb.ac.be, E-mail: dbaye@ulb.ac.be [Physique Nucleaire et Physique Quantique, CP229, Universite Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), B-1050 Brussels (Belgium)
2011-09-16
The elastic phase shifts for the {alpha} + {alpha} and {alpha} + {sup 3}He collisions are calculated in a cluster approach by the Generator Coordinate Method coupled with the Microscopic R-matrix Method. Two interactions are derived from the realistic Argonne potentials AV8' and AV18 with the Unitary Correlation Operator Method. With a specific adjustment of correlations on the {alpha} + {alpha} collision, the phase shifts for the {alpha} + {alpha} and {alpha} + {sup 3}He collisions agree rather well with experimental data.
Rahmat, M.; Modarres, M.
2018-03-01
The averaged effective two-body interaction (AEI), which can be generated through the lowest order constrained variational (LOCV) method for symmetric nuclear matter (SNM) with the input [Reid68, Ann. Phys. 50, 411 (1968), 10.1016/0003-4916(68)90126-7] nucleon-nucleon potential, is used as the effective nucleon-nucleon potential in the folding model to describe the heavy-ion (HI) elastic scattering cross sections. The elastic scattering cross sections of 12C-12C and 16O-16O systems are calculated in the above framework. The results are compared with the corresponding calculations coming from the fitting procedures with the input finite range D D M 3 Y 1 -Reid potential and the available experimental data at different incident energies. It is shown that a reasonable description of the elastic 12C-12C and 16O-16O scattering data at the low and medium energies can be obtained by using the above LOCV AEI, without any need to define a parametrized density-dependent function in the effective nucleon-nucleon potential, which is formally considered in the typical D D M 3 Y 1 -Reid interactions.
Measurements on small angle elastic scattering from p p and anti-p p collisions at the ISR
Shukla, Shekhar
1986-01-01
Experiment R211 was performed at the Intersecting Storage rings (ISR) of the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva, Switzerland. The aim was to measure, for pp and anti-p(p) scattering at high energy, the three quantities: (1) the total nuclear cross section, σ/sub n/, (2) the nuclear slope parameter, b, that describes the dependence of the differential elastic cross section on the 4- momentum transfer, t, for small absolute value of t, and (3) the ratio, rho, of the real to the imaginary part of the forward nuclear elastic scattering amplitude. These quantities were deduced from differential elastic scattering cross sections measured in the near forward direction. The measurements were made for pp scattering at √s = 30.5 GeV, 52.8 GeV and 62.5 GeV. The total cross section for both pp and anti-p(p) scattering is seen to rise in the range √s = 30.5 GeV to √s = 62.5 GeV. The rise is consistent with an asymptotic increase of σ/sub n/ as In2(s/s0), the highest rate allowed by the Froissart b...
Qattan, I. A.
2017-06-01
I present a prediction of the e± elastic scattering cross-section ratio, Re+e-, as determined using a new parametrization of the two-photon exchange (TPE) corrections to electron-proton elastic scattering cross section σR. The extracted ratio is compared to several previous phenomenological extractions, TPE hadronic calculations, and direct measurements from the comparison of electron and positron scattering. The TPE corrections and the ratio Re+e- show a clear change of sign at low Q2, which is necessary to explain the high-Q2 form factors discrepancy while being consistent with the known Q2→0 limit. While my predictions are in generally good agreement with previous extractions, TPE hadronic calculations, and existing world data including the recent two measurements from the CLAS and VEPP-3 Novosibirsk experiments, they are larger than the new OLYMPUS measurements at larger Q2 values.
Ostertag, Edwin; Stefanakis, Mona; Rebner, Karsten; Kessler, Rudolf W
2017-11-01
This paper presents an approach for label-free brain tumor tissue typing. For this application, our dual modality microspectroscopy system combines inelastic Raman scattering spectroscopy and Mie elastic light scattering spectroscopy. The system enables marker-free biomedical diagnostics and records both the chemical and morphologic changes of tissues on a cellular and subcellular level. The system setup is described and the suitability for measuring morphologic features is investigated. Graphical Abstract Bimodal approach for label-free brain tumor typing. Elastic and inelastic light scattering spectra are collected laterally resolved in one measurement setup. The spectra are investigated by multivariate data analysis for assigning the tissues to specific WHO grades according to their malignancy.
DYEING OF ELASTIC TISSUES WITHOUT DIFFERENTIATION: NEW, QUICKLY METHOD
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gorana Rancic
2006-07-01
Full Text Available Our methodological procedure established successful technique of the direct dying of elastic fibers and lamellas in elastic tissues. Experiments were carried out on a human autopsy material. Blocks rich in elastic fibers were fixed by 10% buffered neutral formaline and cut in the thickness of 5mm. Deparaffinization of slides is done by xylol treatment (2x15 min. Additional denaturation is achieved by combined solution, which contains 1.2 g of picric acid in 30% solution of glacial acetic acid. By chloramine B application as blocking agent in form of 1% DMSO solution the dye's affinity for eviromental tissue is decreased. Tissues prepared in this way are treated with 0.5% solution of acidic sulfonic color Evans Blue (C.I.23860 in ratio 2:1. Lamellas are dark violet with light violet periphery. Obtained results are in favor of high applicability of this method in light microscopy. In our opinion, this method can be recommended as one of the methods for identification of elastic tissues.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Durand, Gerard.
1974-01-01
First the different theories used for studying pion-nucleus scattering and especially Glauber microscopic model and Kisslinger optical model are summarized. From the comparison of these two theories it was concluded that Kisslinger's was better for studying pion-nucleus scattering near the (3/2-3/2) resonance. The potential was developed, with a local corrective term, proposed by this author. This new term arises from taking into account correctly the Lorentz transformation from the pion-nucleon center of mass to the pion nucleus center of mass system. A coupled-channel formalism was developed allowing the study of pion-nucleus elastic scattering and also the study of single and double charge exchange reactions on nucleus with N>Z. The influence of the new term and the shape of nucleon densities on π- 12 C scattering was studied near 200MeV. It was found that at the nucleus surface the neutron density was larger than the proton density. On the other hand, a maximum of sensibility to the different nuclear parameters was found near 180MeV and for elastic scattering angles greater than 100 deg. The calculations of the total cross section for simple and double charge exchange for 13 C and 63 Cu yielded results simular to those of previous theories and showed the same discrepancy between theory and experiment in the resonance region [fr
A study of quasi-elastic muon neutrino and antineutrino scattering in the NOMAD experiment
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lyubushkin, V.; Bunyatov, S.; Chukanov, A.; Klimov, O.; Kustov, D.; Nefedov, Yu.; Samoylov, O.; Tereshchenko, V. [JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation); Popov, B. [JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation); LPNHE, Univ. of Paris VI and VII, Paris (France); Kim, J.J.; Godley, A.; Ling, J.; Mishra, S.R.; Petti, R.; Seaton, M.; Wu, Q. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States); Camilleri, L.; Autiero, D.; Di Lella, L.; Couto e Silva, E. do; Ferrere, D.; Grant, A.; Kokkonen, J.; Linssen, L.; Placci, A.; Stiegler, U.; Tsesmelis, E.; Vidal-Sitjes, G.; Wilson, F.F. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Levy, J.M.; Astier, P.; Banner, M.; Dumarchez, J.; Lachaud, C.; Letessier-Selvon, A.; Schahmaneche, K.; Touchard, A.M.; Vannucci, F. [LPNHE, Univ. of Paris VI and VII, Paris (France); Mezzetto, M.; Baldo-Ceolin, M.; Bobisut, F.; Collazuol, G.; Contalbrigo, M.; Gibin, D.; Guglielmi, A.; Lacaprara, S.; Laveder, M.; Rebuffi, L.; Sconza, A.; Zuccon, P. [Univ. of Padova (Italy); INFN, Padova (Italy); Naumov, D. [JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation); Univ. of Florence (Italy); INFN, Florence (Italy); Alekhin, S. [Inst. for High Energy Physics, Protvino, Moscow Region (Russian Federation); Baldisseri, A.; Besson, N.; Bouchez, J.; Gosset, J.; Hagner, C.; Mechain, X.; Meyer, J.P.; Stolarczyk, T.; Zaccone, H. [DAPNIA, Saclay (France); Bassompierre, G.; Gaillard, J.M.; Gouanere, M.; Mendiburu, J.P.; Nedelec, P.; Pessard, H.; Sillou, D. [LAPP, Annecy (France); Benslama, K.; Degaudenzi, H.; Joseph, C.; Juget, F.; Nguyen-Mau, C.; Sozzi, G.; Tareb-Reyes, M.; Tran, M.T.; Vacavant, L.; Vieira, J.M. [Univ. of Lausanne, Lausanne (Switzerland); Bird, I. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Univ. of Lausanne (Switzerland); Blumenfeld, B.; Long, J. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Boyd, S.; Ellis, M.; Peak, L.S.; Ulrichs, J.; Varvell, K.E.; Yabsley, B.D. [Univ. of Sydney (Australia); Bueno, A. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States); ETH Zurich (Switzerland)] [and others
2009-10-15
We have studied the muon neutrino and antineutrino quasi-elastic (QEL) scattering reactions ({nu}{sub {mu}}n {yields}{mu}{sup -}p and anti {nu}{sub {mu}}p{yields}{mu}{sup +}n) using a set of experimental data collected by the NOMAD Collaboration. We have performed measurements of the cross-section of these processes on a nuclear target (mainly carbon) normalizing it to the total {nu}{sub {mu}}(anti {nu}{sub {mu}}) charged-current cross section. The results for the flux-averaged QEL cross sections in the (anti)neutrino energy interval 3-100 GeV are left angle {sigma}{sub qel} right angle {sub {nu}}{sub {mu}}=(0.92{+-}0.02(stat){+-}0.06(syst)) x 10{sup -38} cm{sup 2} and left angle {sigma}{sub qel} right angle {sub anti} {sub {nu}{sub {mu}}}{sub =}(0.81{+-}0.05(stat){+-}0.09(syst)) x 10{sup -38} cm{sup 2} for neutrino and antineutrino, respectively. The axial mass parameter M{sub A} was extracted from the measured quasi-elastic neutrino cross section. The corresponding result is M{sub A}=1.05{+-}0.02(stat){+-}0.06(syst) GeV. It is consistent with the axial mass values recalculated from the antineutrino cross section and extracted from the pure Q{sup 2} shape analysis of the high purity sample of {nu}{sub {mu}} quasi-elastic 2-track events, but has smaller systematic error and should be quoted as the main result of this work. Our measured M{sub A} is found to be in good agreement with the world average value obtained in previous deuterium filled bubble chamber experiments. The NOMAD measurement of M{sub A} is lower than those recently published by K2K and MiniBooNE Collaborations. However, within the large errors quoted by these experiments on M{sub A}, these results are compatible with the more precise NOMAD value. (orig.)
Experimental investigation of exotic clustering in 13B and 14C using the resonance scattering method
Di Pietro, A.; Fernández-García, J. P.; Ferrera, F.; Figuera, P.; Fisichella, M.; Lattuada, M.; Marletta, S.; Marchetta, C.; Torresi, D.; Alcorta, M.; Borge, M. J. G.; Davinson, T.; Heinitz, S.; Laird, A. M.; Shotter, A. C.; Schumann, D.; Soic, N.; Tengblad, O.; Zadro, M.
2018-02-01
In order to investigate the existence of molecular and/or exotic cluster configurations in Boron and Carbon n-rich isotopes we undertook two experiments: the first experimental study of exotic 9Li+α cluster states in 13B using the resonance scattering method at TRIUMF (Canada), and, with the same technique, the measurement of 10Be+α scattering at LNS in Catania, where a 10Be radioactive beam was produced for the first time. In order to measure the excitation function in a wide energy range, the beams were stopped in a Helium-flooded chamber. In the case of 13B, the elastic excitation function shows the presence of various peaks in an excitation energy region never explored before. In the case of 14C, our exclusive measurement of elastic scattering data with a high intensity beam, sheds some light on the contradictory previously published results [1, 2].
Manifestation of 12-quark bag state of sup 4 He nucleus in elastic d sup 4 He scattering
Mosallem, A M
2002-01-01
The sup 4 He d elastic scattering at the momentum of 19.8 GeV/c is analyzed in the framework of the Glauber theory. The scattering amplitude was evaluated using different sets of values of the nucleon-nucleon amplitude parameters and the sup 4 He density function as a superposition of the Gaussian functions. It is shown that it is impossible to describe simultaneously the p sup 4 He and d sup 4 He elastic scattering cross sections using the same set of the NN-amplitude parameters. Inclusion of the twelve-quark bag admixture to the ground state of the sup 4 He nucleus in the calculations allows one to reproduce the experimental data quite well. It is shown that the admixture manifests itself in the d sup 4 He elastic scattering in the whole region of the momentum transfer. At small t the effect can be at the level of approx 10%. At large t it can be approx 30%
Near- and subbarrier elastic and quasielastic scattering of the weakly bound 6Li projectile on 144Sm
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Monteiro, D. S.; Otomar, D. R.; Lubian, J.; Gomes, P. R. S.; Capurro, O. A.; Marti, G. V.; Arazi, A.; Figueira, J. M.; Heimann, D. Martinez; Negri, A. E.; Pacheco, A. J.; Niello, J. O. Fernandez; Guimaraes, V.
2009-01-01
High-precision data of backward-angle elastic and quasielastic scattering for the weakly bound 6 Li projectile on 144 Sm target at deep-sub-barrier, near-, and above-barrier energies were measured. From the deep-sub-barrier data, the surface diffuseness of the nuclear interacting potential was studied. Barrier distributions were extracted from the first derivatives of the elastic and quasielastic excitation functions. It is shown that sequential breakup through the first resonant state of the 6 Li is an important channel to be included in coupled-channels calculations, even at deep-sub-barrier energies
A new method for calculating the Glauber multiple scattering amplitude of composite particles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang Yu-shun [Center of Theoretical Physics, CCAST (World Laboratory), Beijing 100080 (China); Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100039 (China); Hu Su-fen [Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Yang Chao-yun [Department of Physics, The School of Zhejiang, Light Industry, Hangzhou 310015 (China); Liu Ji-feng [Department of Physics, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541001 (China)
1997-11-01
The method for calculating the scattering of composite particles with several kinds of constituent is studied. The formulae are derived and the method for sorting all Glauber expansion terms into several classes is given. The method of the integration is different from that of Lin and co-workers (Lin Z J et al 1991 J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 17 1159) and its analytical expressions are introduced. We calculate the D-D, P-P, P-P-bar and {pi}-P elastic scatterings. These results are compared with the data. (author)
A new scattering method that combines roughness and diffraction effects
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Claus Lynge; Rindel, Jens Holger
2005-01-01
Most of today's room acoustics programs make use of scattering coefficients which are used in order to describe surface scattering (roughness of material) and scattering of reflected sound caused by limited surface size (diffraction). A method which combines scattering caused by diffraction due...
Electron elastic scattering cross sections from 1 keV to 100 MeV for elements Z = 1 to 100
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Storm, E.; Hancock, J.H.
1975-04-01
Tables of electron elastic scattering differential cross sections of elements (Z = 1 to 100) are given for electron energies in the range of 1 keV to 100 MeV and scattering angles in the range of 1 to 179 0 . The function describing the asymmetry of a polarized electron beam after the scattering process is also included in the tables
Bae, Euiwon; Patsekin, Valery; Rajwa, Bartek; Bhunia, Arun K.; Holdman, Cheryl; Davisson, V. Jo; Hirleman, E. Daniel; Robinson, J. Paul
2012-01-01
A microbial high-throughput screening (HTS) system was developed that enabled high-speed combinatorial studies directly on bacterial colonies. The system consists of a forward scatterometer for elastic light scatter (ELS) detection, a plate transporter for sample handling, and a robotic incubator for automatic incubation. To minimize the ELS pattern-capturing time, a new calibration plate and correction algorithms were both designed, which dramatically reduced correction steps during acquisition of the circularly symmetric ELS patterns. Integration of three different control software programs was implemented, and the performance of the system was demonstrated with single-species detection for library generation and with time-resolved measurement for understanding ELS colony growth correlation, using Escherichia coli and Listeria. An in-house colony-tracking module enabled researchers to easily understand the time-dependent variation of the ELS from identical colony, which enabled further analysis in other biochemical experiments. The microbial HTS system provided an average scan time of 4.9 s per colony and the capability of automatically collecting more than 4000 ELS patterns within a 7-h time span. PMID:22559555
A global analysis of the elastic 3He scattering in the framework of the optical model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Trost, H.J.
1981-01-01
The elastic scattering of 3 He at projetile energies from 10 MeV to 220 MeV on target nuclei in the mass range 10 to 208 is coherently studied in the framework of the simple optical model. It succeeds to obtain in the whole range a reasonable description by means of the usual Woods-Saxon potentials. This is illustrated by the presentation of a global mass and energy dependent potential. The light target nuclei are included in these systematics without the introduction of any special procedures. The omission of the antisymmetrization by the use of a purely local potential and the spin-orbit interaction have no important influence in the determination of the central potential. The cancelling of the discerte ambiguity is globally guaranted by the presented parametrization. The tradional sum rule 'number of projectile nucleons multiplied by nucleon-nucleus potential is equal to nucleus-nuclear potential' is not fulfilled. Starting from existing theoretical papers the properties of the global 3 He potential can be quantitatively explained. On the base of the 3 He potentials determined here and existing nucleon and deuteron potentials finally an approach to a projectile systematic is indicated. (orig.) [de
Isomer beam elastic scattering: 26mAl(p, p) for astrophysics
Kahl, D.; Shimizu, H.; Yamaguchi, H.; Abe, K.; Beliuskina, O.; Cha, S. M.; Chae, K. Y.; Chen, A. A.; Ge, Z.; Hayakawa, S.; Imai, N.; Iwasa, N.; Kim, A.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, M. J.; Kubono, S.; Kwag, M. S.; Liang, J.; Moon, J. Y.; Nishimura, S.; Oka, S.; Park, S. Y.; Psaltis, A.; Teranishi, T.; Ueno, Y.; Yang, L.
2018-01-01
The advent of radioactive ground-state beams some three decades ago ultimately sparked a revolution in our understanding of nuclear physics. However, studies with radioactive isomer beams are sparse and have often required sophisticated apparatuses coupled with the technologies of ground-state beams due to typical mass differences on the order of hundreds of keV and vastly different lifetimes for isomers. We present an application of a isomeric beam of 26mAl to one of the most famous observables in nuclear astrophysics: galactic 26Al. The characteristic decay of 26Al in the Galaxy was the first such specific radioactivity to be observed originating from outside the Earth some four decades ago. We present a newly-developed, novel technique to probe the structure of low-spin states in 27Si. Using the Center for Nuclear Study low-energy radioisotope beam separator (CRIB), we report on the measurement of 26mAl proton resonant elastic scattering conducted with a thick target in inverse kinematics. The preliminary results of this on-going study are presented.
Elastic scattering of pions from 3H and 3He into the backwards hemisphere
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Matthews, S.K.; Briscoe, W.J.; Barlow, D.B.; Bennhold, C.; Berman, B.L.; Caress, R.W.; Dhuga, K.S.; Dragic, S.N.; Greene, S.J.; Isenhower, L.D.; Nefkens, B.M.K.; Nicholas, N.J.; Pillai, C.; Price, J.W.; Sadler, M.E.; Slaus, I.; Supek, I.; Taragin, M.F.
1995-01-01
We have measured differential cross sections for the elastic scattering of charged pions from 3 H and 3 He into the backward hemisphere. Near the peak of the delta resonance, at Tπ=180 MeV, an angular distribution covering 114 degree to 168 degree in the laboratory extends our earlier measurements. At T π =142, 180, 220, and 256 MeV, we have measured an excitation function at angles approaching 170 degree. The cross sections for the reactions 3 He(π + ,π + ) 3 He and 3 H(π - ,π - ) 3 H show a rise at back angles which is not seen for 3 He(π - ,π - ) 3 He and 3 H(π + ,π + ) 3 H. There is a dip in the cross sections near 130 degree, for T π =180 MeV. We also present the values of the charge symmetric ratios r 1 and r 2 , which cross each other near 120 degree and maintain this new relationship in the backwards hemisphere. copyright 1995 American Institute of Physics
Resonant heavy-ion elastic scattering from s-d shell nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
DeVries, R.M.
1978-01-01
Angular distributions at angles 130 less than theta/sub cm/ less than 180 0 were measured for 12 C + 28 Si, 32 S, 40 Ca as well as 9 Be, 13 C + 28 Si in the energy range 20 MeV less than or equal to E/sub cm/ less than or equal to 35 MeV. Cross sections rising towards 180 0 are observed for all reactions. Excitation functions for the back-angle enhancement show distinct structures, most pronounced for 12 C + 28 Si. Angular distributions for 12 C, especially those corresponding to peaks in the excitation function show oscillations of the type vertical bar P/sub J/(cos theta) vertical bar 2 . The 12 C back-angle enhancement decreases with target mass. Backscattering of the nonalpha nuclei 9 Be and 13 C is reduced by about two orders of magnitude in comparison with 12 C. Similar measurements for the 28 Si( 12 C, 16 O) 24 Mg reaction and 16 O + 24 Mg elastic scattering allow comparison of reaction data with the corresponding entrance and exit channel data. Standard theoretical approaches fail to explain all the observed effects
Peters, J; Martinez, N; Lehofer, B; Prassl, R
2017-07-01
Human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is a highly complex nano-particle built up of various lipid classes and a single large protein moiety (apoB-100) owning essential physiological functions in the human body. Besides its vital role as a supplier of cholesterol and fat for peripheral tissues and cells, it is also a known key player in the formation of atherosclerosis. Due to these important roles in physiology and pathology the elucidation of structural and dynamical details is of great interest. In the current study we drew a broader picture of LDL dynamics using elastic incoherent neutron scattering (EINS) as a function of specified temperature and pressure points. We not only investigated a normolipidemic LDL sample, but also a triglyceride-rich and an oxidized one to mimic pathologic conditions as found under hyperlipidemic conditions or in atherosclerotic plaques, respectively. We could show that pressure has a significant effect on atomic motions in modified forms of LDL, whereas the normolipidemic sample seems to cope much better with high-pressure conditions irrespective of temperature. These findings might be explained by the altered lipid composition, which is either caused through elevated triglyceride content or modifications through lipid peroxidation.
Structure of the 3He in backward elastic p3He-scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Uzikov, Yu.N.
1998-01-01
Backward elastic p 3 He-scattering at incident proton kinetic energies T p > 1 GeV is investigated in the framework of the np-pair transfer mechanism and triangular diagram of one-pion exchange with a subprocess pd → 3 Heπ 0 using a realistic three-body wave function of the 3 He nucleus. It is found that the np-pair transfer mechanism dominates owing to a rich high momentum component of the 3 He wave function. We show that the experimental cross section of this process is defined mainly by the values of the Faddeev component of the 3 He wave function, φ 23 (q 23 , p 1 ), at high relative momenta q 23 > 0.6 GeV/c of the NN-pair in the 1 S 0 -state and at low spectator momenta p 1 ≤ 0.1 GeV/c. The spin-spin correlation parameter is calculated in the framework of the dominating mechanism for the case of polarized target and beam. Rescatterings in the initial and final states are taken into account. Comparison with the pd → dp process is performed
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sonvico, Fabio [Dipartimento di Farmacia, Universita di Parma and INFM, Parma I-43100 (Italy); Di Bari, Maria Teresa [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Parma, INFM and CNISM, Parma I-43100 (Italy); Bove, Livia [INFM-OGG and CRS-SOFT, c/o Institue Laue-Langevin, 38042 Grenoble (France); Deriu, Antonio [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Parma, INFM and CNISM, Parma I-43100 (Italy)]. E-mail: Antonio.Deriu@fis.unipr.it; Cavatorta, Fabrizio [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Parma, INFM and CNISM, Parma I-43100 (Italy); Albanese, Gianfranco [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Parma, INFM and CNISM, Parma I-43100 (Italy)
2006-11-15
Recently, we have started a systematic study of the structure and dynamics of nano- and microparticles of interest as highly biocompatible drug carriers. For these particles, that are composed of polymeric and lipid material, a detailed understanding of the particle-solvent interactions is of key importance in order to tailor their characteristics for delivering drugs with specific chemical properties. Here we report results of elastic neutron scattering (ENS) investigations on lecithin/chitosan nanoparticles. They were first prepared by autoassembling the two components in aqueous solution; the samples were then freeze-dried and re-hydrated in a D{sub 2}O atmosphere. The experiments were performed in the temperature range of 20-50 K using the backscattering spectrometer IN13 at ILL (Grenoble, France). The comparison of samples in the dry state with similar ones at an hydration level of about 0.3-0.4 (g D{sub 2}O/g hydrated sample), indicates that the presence of an outer chitosan 'coating' reduces the mean square fluctuations of the hydrogens in the lipid component, leading thus to a stiffer nanoparticle structure.
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 12C ions at intermediate energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hostachy, J.Y.; Buenerd, M.; Chauvin, J.; Lebrun, D.; Martin, P.
1988-01-01
Elastic and inelastic scattering of 12 C ions on 12 C and 208 Pb targets have been measured at the incident energies per nucleon E/A=120 MeV/u and E/A=200 MeV/u. Optical-model analysis is reported and nuclear surface transparency effects are discussed, together with the nuclear potential-energy dependence. The transparency region extends down to a radial internuclear distance of about 3 fm for the 12 C- 12 C system and 8 fm for the 12 C- 208 Pb system. A decrease of the imaginary potential with increasing incident energy is deduced for the two systems. Anomalous collapse of the real potential in the surface region is observed for 12 C- 208 Pb system at 200 MeV/u. DWBA analysis of data on the 2 + , 4.4 MeV state of 12 C is reported and trends for the energy dependence of mean-field excitations are deduced. (orig.)
Anti-Neutrino Charged Current Quasi-Elastic Scattering in MINER$\
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chvojka, Jesse John [Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)
2012-01-01
The phenomenon of neutrino oscillation is becoming increasingly understood with results from accelerator-based and reactor-based experiments, but unanswered questions remain. The proper ordering of the neutrino mass eigenstates that compose the neutrino avor eigenstates is not completely known. We have yet to detect CP violation in neutrino mixing, which if present could help explain the asymmetry between matter and anti-matter in the universe. We also have not resolved whether sterile neutrinos, which do not interact in any Standard Model interaction, exist. Accelerator-based experiments appear to be the most promising candidates for resolving these questions; however, the ability of present and future experiments to provide answers is likely to be limited by systematic errors. A significant source of this systematic error comes from limitations in our knowledge of neutrino-nucleus interactions. Errors on cross-sections for such interactions are large, existing data is sometimes contradictory, and knowledge of nuclear effects is incomplete. One type of neutrino interaction of particular interest is charged current quasi-elastic (CCQE) scattering, which yields a final state consisting of a charged lepton and nucleon. This process, which is the dominant interaction near energies of 1 GeV, is of great utility to neutrino oscillation experiments since the incoming neutrino energy and the square of the momentum transferred to the final state nucleon, Q^{2}, can be reconstructed using the final state lepton kinematics. To address the uncertainty in our knowledge of neutrino interactions, many experiments have begun making dedicated measurements. In particular, the MINER A experiment is studying neutrino-nucleus interactions in the few GeV region. MINERvA is a fine-grained, high precision, high statistics neutrino scattering experiment that will greatly improve our understanding of neutrino cross-sections and nuclear effects that affect the final state particles
Multi-phase-field method for surface tension induced elasticity
Schiedung, Raphael; Steinbach, Ingo; Varnik, Fathollah
2018-01-01
A method, based on the multi-phase-field framework, is proposed that adequately accounts for the effects of a coupling between surface free energy and elastic deformation in solids. The method is validated via a number of analytically solvable problems. In addition to stress states at mechanical equilibrium in complex geometries, the underlying multi-phase-field framework naturally allows us to account for the influence of surface energy induced stresses on phase transformation kinetics. This issue, which is of fundamental importance on the nanoscale, is demonstrated in the limit of fast diffusion for a solid sphere, which melts due to the well-known Gibbs-Thompson effect. This melting process is slowed down when coupled to surface energy induced elastic deformation.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alberi, G.; Bleszynski, M.; California Univ., Los Angeles; Santos, S.; Jaroszewicz, T.
1980-01-01
It is shown that the tensor asymmetries in the elastic proton-deuteron scattering at medium energies are very sensitive to the non-eikonal corrections to the Glauber model. This sensitivity originates from the fact that, in double scattering, the non-eikonal corrections affect in a different way the contributions coming from the S- and D-wave parts of the deuteron wave function. This leads to considerable change of the tensor asymmetries not only in the region of the interference between single and double scatterings, but also in the region of dominance of the double scattering. It is suggested that these effects should be taken into account in any careful analysis of the proton-deuteron polarization data, which has as a goal the extraction of the NN amplitudes. (author)
Bhatia, A. K.
2014-01-01
In previous papers [A. K. Bhatia, Phys. Rev. A 85, 052708 (2012); 86, 032709 (2012); 87, 042705 (2013)] electron-H, -He+, and -Li2+ P-wave scattering phase shifts were calculated using the variational polarized orbital theory. This method is now extended to the singlet and triplet D-wave scattering in the elastic region. The long-range correlations are included in the Schrodinger equation by using the method of polarized orbitals variationally. Phase shifts are compared to those obtained by other methods. The present calculation provides results which are rigorous lower bonds to the exact phase shifts. Using the presently calculated D-wave and previously calculated S-wave continuum functions, photoionization of singlet and triplet P states of He and Li+ are also calculated, along with the radiative recombination rate coefficients at various electron temperatures.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Petrascu, M.; Bordeanu, C.; Isbasescu, A.; Mihai, I.; Giurgiu, M.
1997-01-01
Recently, an inclusive fusion experiment of 9,11 Li projectiles with Si targets, in the energy range (9.5 - 25) AMeV has been performed at Riken Ring Cyclotron-Japan using, for the detection of the fusion products, an ionization chamber, MUSIC, built in NIPNE-HH, Bucharest. In this experiment, the contribution of elastic and inelastic scattering, at forward detection angles is eliminated through the experimental set-up. For a clear investigation of the fusion process, the estimation of elastic and inelastic scattering at backward angles, between 80 angle - 180 angle was considered necessary. This estimation was made by the coupled channels computer code ECIS. ECIS is an iterative method, the first iteration of this procedure being DWBA. In the analysis of elastic and inelastic scattering of 9,11 Li projectile on Si target we assumed that the incident 9 Li and 11 Li waves are diffracted by an optical potential with an Woods-Saxon geometry. The adopted optical potential is given. For the depth of the real and imaginary volume terms we used values dependent on projectile energy and target mass number. These values have been chosen in good agreement with a semi-microscopic model with a double-folding potential. The set of optical parameters selected for the system 9,11 Li (13 AMeV) + Si is given. The presence of neutron halo of 11 Li nucleus was taken into account by using adjusted values for the parameters r R and a R . The 28 Si nucleus is considered a rigid rotor, including the couplings involving the ground state and a first to excited states. The quadrupole deformation parameter was β 2 = - 0.24. The results for the scattering of 11 Li projectile on Si target at 13 AMeV energy are given with the parameters R match , I and J max taken from the Monte Carlo simulations with PACE code. We found that the contribution of elastic and inelastic scattering for background angles, between 80 angle - 180 angle is under 2%. The contribution of a inelastic scattering taken
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Garvey, G. T. [Los Alamos; Harris, D. A. [Fermilab; Tanaka, H. A. [British Columbia U.; Tayloe, R. [Indiana U.; Zeller, G. P. [Fermilab
2015-06-15
The study of neutrino–nucleus interactions has recently seen rapid development with a new generation of accelerator-based neutrino experiments employing medium and heavy nuclear targets for the study of neutrino oscillations. A few unexpected results in the study of quasi-elastic scattering and single photon production have spurred a revisiting of the underlying nuclear physics and connections to electron–nucleus scattering. A thorough understanding and resolution of these issues is essential for future progress in the study of neutrino oscillations.
Limão-Vieira, P.; Horie, M.; Kato, H.; Hoshino, M.; Blanco, F.; García, G.; Buckman, S. J.; Tanaka, H.
2011-12-01
We report absolute elastic differential, integral and momentum transfer cross sections for electron interactions with CCl4. The incident electron energy range is 1.5-100 eV, and the scattered electron angular range for the differential measurements varies from 15°-130°. The absolute scale of the differential cross section was set using the relative flow technique with helium as the reference species. Comparison with previous total cross sections shows good agreement. Atomic-like behaviour in this scattering system is shown here for the first time, and is further investigated by comparing the CCl4 elastic cross sections to recent results on the halomethanes and atomic chlorine at higher impact energies [H. Kato, T. Asahina, H. Masui, M. Hoshino, H. Tanaka, H. Cho, O. Ingólfsson, F. Blanco, G. Garcia, S. J. Buckman, and M. J. Brunger, J. Chem. Phys. 132, 074309 (2010)], 10.1063/1.3319761.
comparison of elastic-plastic FE method and engineering method for RPV fracture mechanics analysis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sun Yingxue; Zheng Bin; Zhang Fenggang
2009-01-01
This paper described the FE analysis of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics for a crack in RPV belt line using ABAQUS code. It calculated and evaluated the stress intensity factor and J integral of crack under PTS transients. The result is also compared with that by engineering analysis method. It shows that the results using engineering analysis method is a little larger than the results using FE analysis of 3D elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, thus the engineering analysis method is conservative than the elastic-plastic fracture mechanics method. (authors)
Integral Equation Methods for Electromagnetic and Elastic Waves
Chew, Weng; Hu, Bin
2008-01-01
Integral Equation Methods for Electromagnetic and Elastic Waves is an outgrowth of several years of work. There have been no recent books on integral equation methods. There are books written on integral equations, but either they have been around for a while, or they were written by mathematicians. Much of the knowledge in integral equation methods still resides in journal papers. With this book, important relevant knowledge for integral equations are consolidated in one place and researchers need only read the pertinent chapters in this book to gain important knowledge needed for integral eq
Study of elastic pion scattering from 9Be, 28Si, 58Ni, and 208Pb at 162 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Devereux, M.J.
1979-05-01
Elastic pion scattering from 9 Be, 28 Si, 58 Ni, and 208 Pb at 162 MeV is analyzed and compared with an optical model theory which incorporates a pion--nucleon range. Excellent fits to the data are obtained in all but one case. The fitted values of the pion--nucleon range, as well as other fitted values are listed. 108 references
Fan, H. J.; Kuok, M. H.; Ng, S. C.; Boukherroub, R.; Lockwood, D. J.
2002-07-01
Brillouin scattering has been performed to probe acoustic waves in porous silicon films that have been chemically modified with either 1-decene, decyl aldehyde, undecylenic acid, or ethyl undecylenate. The shift in the frequencies of acoustic modes in the passivated porous silicon samples, relative to those in freshly prepared porous silicon, is different for different chemical modifiers. The magnitude of the frequency shift is qualitatively correlated with the change, caused by the passivation, in the average densities and elastic constants of the samples.
Abramov, V. V.; Bogdanov, A. A.; Chetvertkov, M. A.; Chetvertkova, V. A.; Mochalov, V. V.; Moiseev, V. V.; Novikov, K. D.; Nurushev, S. B.; Nurusheva, M. B.; Okorokov, V. A.; Semenov, P. A.; Strikhanov, M. N.; Vasiliev, A. N.
2017-12-01
We propose to measure spin observables AN and ANN in elastic pp scattering by using the transversely polarized proton beam and target at momenta p = 12-45 GeV/c. Existence of both polarized target and beam gives us unique possibility to measure AN simultaneously and independently for polarized beam (AB) and target (AT) to carry out and verify experimental measurements of single-spin and double-spin (ANN) measurements in diffractive region.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Figueira, J.M.; Abriola, D.; Niello, J.O. Fernandez; Arazi, A.; Capurro, O.A.; Barbara, E. de; Marti, G.V.; Martinez Heimann, D.; Pacheco, A.J.; Testoni, J.E.; Padron, I.; Gomes, P.R.S.; Lubian, J.
2006-01-01
To study the conditions leading to the appearance of the threshold anomaly in systems involving weakly bound projectiles we measured elastic scattering cross sections for the 7 Li+ 27 Al system at ten different bombarding energies. The results were exhaustively analyzed using different optical model potentials. The similar behavior observed in all these analyses allows us to conclude that no threshold anomaly is found for the present system
Measurements of spin rotation parameter /A in pion-proton elastic scattering at 1.62 GeV/c
Alekseev, I. G.; Budkovsky, P. E.; Kanavets, V. P.; Koroleva, L. I.; Morozov, B. V.; Nesterov, V. M.; Ryltsov, V. V.; Svirida, D. N.; Sulimov, A. D.; Zhurkin, V. V.; Beloglazov, Y. A.; Kovalev, A. I.; Kruglov, S. P.; Novinsky, D. V.; Shchedrov, V. A.; Sumachev, V. V.; Trautman, V. Y.; Bazhanov, N. A.; Bunyatova, E. I.
2000-07-01
The ITEP-PNPI Collaboration presents the results of the measurements of the spin rotation parameter /A in the elastic scattering of positive and negative pions on protons at Pbeam=1.62 GeV/c. The setup included a longitudinally-polarized proton target with superconductive magnet, multiwire spark chambers and a carbon polarimeter with thick filter. Results are compared with the predictions of partial wave analyses. The experiment was performed at the ITEP proton synchrotron, Moscow.
Measurements of spin rotation parameter A in pion-proton elastic scattering at 1.62 GeV/c
Alekseev, I. G.; Budkovsky, P. E.; Kanavets, V. P.; Koroleva, L. I.; Morozov, B. V.; Nesterov, V. M.; Ryltsov, V. V.; Svirida, D. N.; Sulimov, A. D.; Zhurkin, V. V.; Beloglazov, Yu. A.; Kovalev, A. I.; Kruglov, S. P.; Novinsky, D. V.; Shchedrov, V. A.
2000-01-01
The ITEP-PNPI collaboration presents the results of the measurements of the spin rotation parameter A in the elastic scattering of positive and negative pions on protons at P_beam = 1.62 GeV/c. The setup included a longitudinally-polarized proton target with superconductive magnet, multiwire spark chambers and a carbon polarimeter with thick filter. Results are compared to the predictions of partial wave analyses. The experiment was performed at the ITEP proton synchrotron, Moscow.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shimizu Y.
2010-04-01
Full Text Available Measurements of a complete set of deuteron analyzing powers (iT11, T20, T21, T22 for elastic deuteron–proton scattering at 250 MeV/nucleon have been performed with polarized deuteron beams at RIKEN RI Beam Factory. The obtained data are compared with the Faddeev calculations based on the modern nucleon–nucleon forces together with the Tucson-Melbourne’99, and UrbanaIX three nucleon forces.
Simultaneous measurement of angular distribution of elastic scattering for 6Li, 7Be, and 8B in 58Ni
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ruiz S, A.; Martinez Q, E.; Aguilera R, E.F.; Murillo O, G.; Lizcano C, D.; Gomez C, A.
2007-01-01
The experimental angular distributions of elastic scattering for the projectiles 6 Li, 7 Be, 8 B in 58 Ni were obtained. Using the Optical model with a Woods-Saxon potential form, as much for the real part as for the imaginary one, an adjustment to the experimental data varying only the depth of the imaginary part of the potential is made. A comparison of the results obtained for each projectile is made. (Author)
Generalized multiscale finite element method for elasticity equations
Chung, Eric T.
2014-10-05
In this paper, we discuss the application of generalized multiscale finite element method (GMsFEM) to elasticity equation in heterogeneous media. We consider steady state elasticity equations though some of our applications are motivated by elastic wave propagation in subsurface where the subsurface properties can be highly heterogeneous and have high contrast. We present the construction of main ingredients for GMsFEM such as the snapshot space and offline spaces. The latter is constructed using local spectral decomposition in the snapshot space. The spectral decomposition is based on the analysis which is provided in the paper. We consider both continuous Galerkin and discontinuous Galerkin coupling of basis functions. Both approaches have their cons and pros. Continuous Galerkin methods allow avoiding penalty parameters though they involve partition of unity functions which can alter the properties of multiscale basis functions. On the other hand, discontinuous Galerkin techniques allow gluing multiscale basis functions without any modifications. Because basis functions are constructed independently from each other, this approach provides an advantage. We discuss the use of oversampling techniques that use snapshots in larger regions to construct the offline space. We provide numerical results to show that one can accurately approximate the solution using reduced number of degrees of freedom.
Measurement of Elastic Scattering and of Total Cross-Section at the CERN $\\bar{p}p$ Collider
2002-01-01
The aim of the experiment is to measure elastic scattering and the total cross-section at the $\\bar{p}p$ collider. \\\\ \\\\ Up to 1983 the experimental apparatus was composed of two parts : \\item 1) Telescopes of high accuracy drift and proportional chambers and counters inserted into vertically moveable sections of the vacuum chamber ('Roman pots'), detect elastic scattering in the angular region from .5 mrad up to about 3 mrad. \\item 2) The total inelastic rate is measured with a forward/backward system of drift chambers and counter hodoscopes and the UA2 central detector covering together @= 4@p solid angle. \\end{enumerate}\\\\ \\\\ With these two set-ups, the measured value of the total cross-section confirms extrapolation with (ln s)|2 behaviour. Elastic scattering and diffraction dissociation were measured in the range .03~$<$~-t~$<$~1.6~GeV|2. \\\\ \\\\ From 1984 on, six horizontally moveable ``Roman Pots'' have been installed farther away from the intersection region (up to 100~m). Using an especially desi...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gakh, G.I.; Tomasi-Gustafsson, E.
2006-01-01
The general spin structure of the matrix element, taking into account the 2-photon exchange contribution, for the elastic electron (positron) - deuteron scattering has been derived using general symmetry properties of the hadron electromagnetic interaction, such as P-, C- and T-invariances as well as lepton helicity conservation in QED at high energy. Taking into account also crossing symmetry, the amplitudes of e ± d scattering can be parametrized in terms of fifteen real functions. The expressions for the differential cross section and for all polarization observables are given in terms of these functions. We consider the case of an arbitrary polarized deuteron target and polarized electron beam (both longitudinal and transverse). The transverse polarization of the electron beam induces a single-spin asymmetry which is non-zero in presence of 2-photon exchange. It is shown that elastic deuteron electromagnetic form factors can still be extracted in presence of 2 photon exchange, from the measurements of the differential cross sections and of one polarization observable (for example, the tensor asymmetry) for electron and positron deuteron elastic scattering, in the same kinematical conditions. (authors)
Sobków, W.; Błaut, A.
2018-03-01
In this paper we indicate a possibility of utilizing the elastic scattering of Dirac low-energy (˜ 1 MeV) electron neutrinos (ν _es) on a polarized electron target (PET) in testing the time reversal symmetry violation (TRSV). We consider a scenario in which the incoming ν _e beam is a superposition of left chiral (LC) and right chiral (RC) states. LC ν _e interact mainly by the standard V-A and small admixture of non-standard scalar S_L, pseudoscalar P_L, tensor T_L interactions, while RC ones are only detected by the exotic V + A and S_R, P_R, T_R interactions. As a result of the superposition of the two chiralities the transverse components of ν e spin polarization (T-even and T-odd) may appear. We compute the differential cross section as a function of the recoil electron azimuthal angle and scattered electron energy, and show how the interference terms between standard V-A and exotic S_R, P_R, T_R couplings depend on the various angular correlations among the transversal ν _e spin polarization, the polarization of the electron target, the incoming neutrino momentum and the outgoing electron momentum in the limit of relativistic ν _e. We illustrate how the maximal value of recoil electrons azimuthal asymmetry and the asymmetry axis location of outgoing electrons depend on the azimuthal angle of the transversal component of the ν _e spin polarization, both for the time reversal symmetry conservation (TRSC) and TRSV. Next, we display that the electron energy spectrum and polar angle distribution of the recoil electrons are also sensitive to the interference terms between V-A and S_R, P_R, T_R couplings, proportional to the T-even and T-odd angular correlations among the transversal ν _e polarization, the electron polarization of the target, and the incoming ν _e momentum, respectively. We also discuss the possibility of testing the TRSV by observing the azimuthal asymmetry of outgoing electrons, using the PET without the impact of the transversal
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sur, B.; Anghel, V.N.P.; Rogge, R.B.; Katsaras, J.
2005-01-01
The diffraction of spherical waves (S waves) interacting with a periodic scattering length distribution produces characteristic intensity patterns known as Kossel and Kikuchi lines (collectively called K lines). The K-line signal can be inverted to give the three-dimensional structure of the coherent scattering length distribution surrounding the source of S waves - a process known as 'Gabor holography' or, simply, 'holography'. This paper outlines a kinematical formulation for the diffraction pattern of monochromatic plane waves scattering from a mixed incoherent and coherent S-wave scattering length distribution. The formulation demonstrates that the diffraction pattern of plane waves incident on a sample with a uniformly random distribution of incoherent scatterers is the same as that from a sample with a single incoherent scatterer per unit cell. In practice, one can therefore reconstruct the holographic data from samples with numerous incoherent S-wave scatterers per unit cell. Thus atomic resolution thermal neutron holography is possible for materials naturally rich in incoherent thermal neutron scatterers, such as hydrogen (e.g., biological and polymeric materials). Additionally, holographic inversions from single-wavelength data have suffered from the so-called conjugate or twin-image problem. The formulation presented for holographic inversion - different from those used previously [e.g., T. Gog et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3132 (1996)] - eliminates the twin-image problem for single-wavelength data
PREFACE: REXS 2013 - Workshop on Resonant Elastic X-ray Scattering in Condensed Matter
Beutier, G.; Mazzoli, C.; Yakhou, F.; Brown, S. D.; Bombardi, A.; Collins, S. P.
2014-05-01
The aim of this workshop was to bring together experts in experimental and theoretical aspects of resonant elastic x-ray scattering, along with researchers who are new to the field, to discuss important recent results and the fundamentals of the technique. The meeting was a great success, with the first day dedicated to students and new researchers in the field, who received introductory lectures and tutorials. All conference delegates were invited either to make an oral presentation or to present a poster, accompanied by a short talk. The first two papers selected for the REXS13 proceedings (Grenier & Joly and Helliwell) give a basic background to the theory of REXS and applications across a wide range of scientific areas. The remainder of the papers report on some of the latest scientific results obtained by applying the REXS technique to contemporary problems in condensed matter, materials and x-ray physics. It is hoped that these proceedings provide a snapshot of the current status of a vibrant and diverse scientific technique that will be of value not just to those who attended the workshop but also to any other reader with an interest in the subject. Local Scientific Committee REXS13 International Scientific Advisory Committee M Altarelli, European XFEL, Germany F de Bergevin, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France J Garcia-Ruiz, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain A I Goldman, Iowa State University, USA M Goldmann, Institut Nanosciences, France T Schulli, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France C R Natoli, Laboratori Nazionali de Frascati, Italy G Materlik, Diamond Light Source, UK L Paolasini, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France U Staub, Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland K Finkelstein, Cornell University, USA Y Murakami, Photon Factory, Japan REXS13 Local Scientific Committee G Beutier, CNRS Grenoble, France C Mazzoli, Politecnico di Milano, Italy F Yakhou, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France S D Brown, XMaS UK CRG
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Trott, G.J.
1981-01-01
Elastic neutron diffraction has been used to investigate the two dimensional structures of the alkane hydrocarbons, ethane (C 2 D 6 ) and n-butane (C 4 D 10 ), absorbed on a Grafoil (an exfoliated graphite) substrate various temperatures and coverages. These deutrated molecules have exhibited some of the largest sets of Bragg reflection yet observed for monolayer films by neutron scattering. In order to study quantitatively the relative intensities of these reflections, a Rietveld-type profile analysis procedure with a Warren shape function was developed for fitting a structure factor to the diffraction patterns. By application of this profile technique to the experimental spectra not only can the unit cell dimensions of the films be determined but also the orientation of the adsorbed molecules. Three distinct solid phases (denoted by S 1 , S 2 , and S 3 ) have been observed for ethane adsorbed on graphite at coverages below 1.6 layers and at low temperatures (less than or equal to 60 K). The ethane C-C bond for S 1 and S 2 is found to be oriented at an angle less than or equal to 25 0 from the surface while for S 3 the C-C axis is tilted normal to the substrate. At higher temperatures the low coverage 2D solids, S 1 and S 2 , existing as pure phases at 0.8 layer and 0.97 layer, respectively, are observed to undergo a first-order phase transition to an intermediate phase of unknown structure followed by a continuous transitions to a disordered state. In contrast to this, S 3 is seen to melt continuously with increasing temperature. Comparisons of the low-temperature S 1 structure with model calculations using empirically derived C-C and C-H potentials have also been made
Measurement of nu/sub e/ and anti nu/sub e/ elastic scattering as a test of the standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abe, K.; Taylor, F.E.; White, D.H.
1982-01-01
Various tests of standard SU(2) x U(1) model of weak interactions which can be performed by measurements of electron and muon neutrino-electron elastic scattering are reviewed. Electron neutrino-electron elastic scattering has both a neutral current part as well as a charged current part, and therefore offers a unique place to measure the interference of these two amplitudes. A measurement of the y-dependence of neutrino-electron elastic scattering can separately measure g/sub V/ and g/sub A/ as well as test for the presence of S, P, or T terms. Several measurable quantities involving cross sections and the interference term are derived from the standard model. Various design considerations for an experiment to determine the NC-CC interference term and the y-dependence of muon neutrino-electron elastic scattering are discussed
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Giovanni Carlotti
2018-01-01
Full Text Available There is currently a renewed interest in the development of experimental methods to achieve the elastic characterization of thin films, multilayers and acoustic resonators operating in the GHz range of frequencies. The potentialities of surface Brillouin light scattering (surf-BLS for this aim are reviewed in this paper, addressing the various situations that may occur for the different types of structures. In particular, the experimental methodology and the amount of information that can be obtained depending on the transparency or opacity of the film material, as well as on the ratio between the film thickness and the light wavelength, are discussed. A generalization to the case of multilayered samples is also provided, together with an outlook on the capability of the recently developed micro-focused scanning version of the surf-BLS technique, which opens new opportunities for the imaging of the spatial profile of the acoustic field in acoustic resonators and in artificially patterned metamaterials, such as phononic crystals.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Guiasu, I.
1978-01-01
The elastic γ-nucleon scattering represents an indirect powerful method for the nucleon structure investigation. Some theoretical aspects of this problem are treated in the presented thesis. After a general introduction into the subject and a short review of the up-to-date literature, the first chapter contains kinematics and dynamical preliminaries of reaction γ+N→γ+N. In chapter II, the low energy theorems are discussed and extended up to six power in the photon laboratory energies, ω; the six structure dependent constants which appear in the differential cross section in this order are defined and computed, and an extraction for the proton electromagnetic polarizabilities α,β from the experimental data is performed. A new dispersive analysis of the γ+N→γ+N process at photon laboratory energies lower than 450 Mev is introduced and used for numerical calculation in chapter III; some improvements are obtained in the comparison with the experimental data, with respect to other previous calculations. In the last chapter, two different sum rules for the difference (α-β) are established and numerically computed - these theoretical predictions agree with the values extracted from experience; based on the analyticity properties of the invariant amplitudes, an inequality is written down connecting an integral over the differential cross section of the process and the static properties of the nucleon (mass, charge, anomalous magnetic moment). (author)
Low and high frequency asymptotics acoustic, electromagnetic and elastic wave scattering
Varadan, VK
2013-01-01
This volume focuses on asymptotic methods in the low and high frequency limits for the solution of scattering and propagation problems. Each chapter is pedagogical in nature, starting with the basic foundations and ending with practical applications. For example, using the Geometrical Theory of Diffraction, the canonical problem of edge diffraction is first solved and then used in solving the problem of diffraction by a finite crack. In recent times, the crack problem has been of much interest for its applications to Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) of flaws in structural materials.
Calculated cross sections for elastic scattering of slow positrons by silane
Barbosa, Alessandra Souza; Bettega, Márcio H. F.
2017-10-01
In this work we investigate elastic collisions of low-energy positrons with silane (SiH4). We employed the Schwinger multichannel method to calculate integral and differential cross sections for impact energies up to 10 eV. The calculations were performed within the static plus polarization approximation. We carried out a systematic study employing different schemes to account for the polarization effects of the target due the presence of the incoming positron. We investigate how the inclusion of extra functions in different extra (chargeless) centers affects the calculated cross sections and the physical phenomena such as the Ramsauer-Townsend minimum and the virtual state formation. Our results are compared with available experimental total cross sections and with integral and differential cross sections computed with a model correlation-polarization potential. In particular, our integral cross section agrees well with the experiment at low energies and our differential cross sections agree well with the results from previous calculations.
Xu, Hai-Bo; Zheng, Na
2015-07-01
A version of Geant4 has been developed to treat high-energy proton radiography. This article presents the results of calculations simulating the effects of nuclear elastic scattering for various test step wedges. Comparisons with experimental data are also presented. The traditional expressions of the transmission should be correct if the angle distribution of the scattering is Gaussian multiple Coulomb scattering. The mean free path (which depends on the collimator angle) and the radiation length are treated as empirical parameters, according to transmission as a function of thickness obtained by simulations. The results can be used in density reconstruction, which depends on the transmission expressions. Supported by NSAF (11176001) and Science and Technology Developing Foundation of China Academy of Engineering Physics (2012A0202006)
Qattan, I. A.
2017-05-01
Background: The inconsistency in the results obtained from the Rosenbluth separation method and the high-Q2 recoil polarization results on the ratio μpGEp/GMp implies a systematic difference between the two techniques. Several studies suggest that missing higher-order radiative corrections to elastic electron-proton scattering cross section σR(ɛ ,Q2) and in particular hard two-photon-exchange (TPE) contributions could account for the discrepancy. Purpose: In this work, I improve on and extend to low and high Q2 values the extractions of the ɛ dependence of the real parts of the TPE amplitudes relative to the magnetic form factor, as well as the ratio Pl/PlBorn(ɛ ,Q2) by using world data on σR(ɛ ,Q2) with an emphasis on precise new data covering the low-momentum region which is sensitive to the large-scale structure of the nucleon. Method: I combine cross section and polarization measurements of elastic electron-proton scattering to extract the TPE amplitudes. Because the recoil polarization data were confirmed "experimentally" to be essentially independent of ɛ , I constrain the ratio Pt/Pl(ɛ ,Q2) to its ɛ -independent term (Born value) by setting the TPE contributions to zero. This allows for the amplitude YM(ɛ ,Q2) and σR(ɛ ,Q2) to be expressed in terms of the remaining two amplitudes YE(ɛ ,Q2) and Y3(ɛ ,Q2) which in turn are parametrized as second-order polynomials in ɛ and Q2 to reserve as possible the linearity of σR(ɛ ,Q2) as well as to account for possible nonlinearities in the TPE amplitudes. Furthermore, I impose the Regge limit which ensures the vanishing of the TPE contributions to σR(ɛ ,Q2) and the TPE amplitudes in the limit ɛ →1 . Results: I provide simple parametrizations of the TPE amplitudes, along with an estimate of the fit uncertainties. The extracted TPE amplitudes are compared with previous phenomenological extractions and TPE calculations. The Pl/PlBorn ratio is extracted by using the new parametrizations of the TPE
Lyashenko, I A; Popov, V L
2015-02-16
An impact of an elastic sphere with an elastic half space under no-slip conditions (infinitely large coefficient of friction) is studied numerically using the method of dimensionality reduction. It is shown that the rebound velocity and angular velocity, written as proper dimensionless variables, are determined by a function of only the ratio of tangential and normal stiffness ("Mindlin-ratio"). The obtained numerical results can be approximated by a simple analytical expression.
Adler, Thomas A.
1996-01-01
The invention pertains a method of determining elastic and plastic mechanical properties of ceramics, intermetallics, metals, plastics and other hard, brittle materials which fracture prior to plastically deforming when loads are applied. Elastic and plastic mechanical properties of ceramic materials are determined using spherical indenters. The method is most useful for measuring and calculating the plastic and elastic deformation of hard, brittle materials with low values of elastic modulus to hardness.
Study of forward elastic $pp$ scattering at $\\sqrt{s}=8\\text{ TeV}$ with the ALFA detector
Stark, Simon Holm; Hansen, Jørgen Beck
The elastic $pp$ scattering data analyzed in this thesis was taken at the LHC with the ALFA detector at $\\sqrt{s}=8\\text{ TeV}$ with a $\\beta^*=1\\text{ km}$ collision optics which gave access to the Coulomb-Nuclear-Interference region. An improved procedure was used to fit the observed number of elastic events as a function of the four-momentum transfer with a simulation based on theoretical expectations including experimental effects. The data can not exclude any of the investigated parametrizations for the modulus of the nuclear amplitude. The fit results for the total $pp$ cross section, $\\sigma_\\text{tot}$, and the ratio of the real to imaginary forward elastic scattering amplitude, $\\rho$, are: \\begin{align*} \\sigma_\\text{tot} &= 99.1\\pm 0.3 \\text{ (stat.)}\\pm1.6\\text{ (syst.)} \\text{ mb}\\;,\\\\ \\rho &= 0.166\\pm0.017\\text{ (stat.)}\\pm0.019\\text{ (syst.)}\\;, \\end{align*} which are in agreement with previous measurements. As part of the analysis, the detector distance to the beam was determined with ...
Dapor, Maurizio
2018-03-29
Quantum information theory deals with quantum noise in order to protect physical quantum bits (qubits) from its effects. A single electron is an emblematic example of a qubit, and today it is possible to experimentally produce polarized ensembles of electrons. In this paper, the theory of the polarization of electron beams elastically scattered by atoms is briefly summarized. Then the POLARe program suite, a set of computer programs aimed at the calculation of the spin-polarization parameters of electron beams elastically interacting with atomic targets, is described. Selected results of the program concerning Ar, Kr, and Xe atoms are presented together with the comparison with experimental data about the Sherman function for low kinetic energy of the incident electrons (1.5eV-350eV). It is demonstrated that the quantum-relativistic theory of the polarization of electron beams elastically scattered by atoms is in good agreement with experimental data down to energies smaller than a few eV.
Material-Point Method Analysis of Bending in Elastic Beams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Søren Mikkel; Andersen, Lars
2007-01-01
The aim of this paper is to test different types of spatial interpolation for the material-point method. The interpolations include quadratic elements and cubic splines. A brief introduction to the material-point method is given. Simple liner-elastic problems are tested, including the classical...... cantilevered beam problem. As shown in the paper, the use of negative shape functions is not consistent with the material-point method in its current form, necessitating other types of interpolation such as cubic splines in order to obtain smoother representations of field quantities. It is shown...... that the smoother field representation using the cubic splines yields a physically more realistic behaviour for impact problems than the traditional linear interpolation....
Material-point Method Analysis of Bending in Elastic Beams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Søren Mikkel; Andersen, Lars
The aim of this paper is to test different types of spatial interpolation for the materialpoint method. The interpolations include quadratic elements and cubic splines. A brief introduction to the material-point method is given. Simple liner-elastic problems are tested, including the classical...... cantilevered beam problem. As shown in the paper, the use of negative shape functions is not consistent with the material-point method in its current form, necessitating other types of interpolation such as cubic splines in order to obtain smoother representations of field quantities. It is shown...... that the smoother field representation using the cubic splines yields a physically more realistic behaviour for impact problems than the traditional linear interpolation....
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Liu, J.; Zhang, Y.; Yang, C.; Shen, J.; Robson, B.A. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT0200 (Australia)]|[Department of Physics, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541001]|[People`s Republic of China China Center of Advanced Science and Technology, (World Laboratory), Beijing 100080]|[People`s Republic of China Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 918 (4-1), Beijing 100039]|[People`s Republic of China Department of Physics, The School of Zhejiang Light Industry, Hangzhou 310015, People`s Republic of Chinai]|[Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, People`s Republic of (China)
1996-11-01
Elastic and inelastic scattering data of 1.37 GeV {alpha} particles on {sup 12}C and {sup 40,42,44,48}Ca are analyzed within the framework of the Glauber theory. Collective excitations to one-phonon levels are treated using the Tassie model. The effect of the coupling between the elastic and inelastic channels is considered. It is shown that a phase variation of the nucleon-nucleon elastic scattering amplitude leads to a large increase in the calculated differential cross section. The presence of a phase variation leads to a substantial improvement. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jones, D. B. [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001 (Australia); Costa, R. F. da [Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin,” Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, 13083-859 São Paulo (Brazil); Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, 29075-910, Vitória, Espírito Santo (Brazil); Varella, M. T. do N. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, 05315-970 São Paulo (Brazil); Bettega, M. H. F. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Paraná, CP 19044, 81531-990 Curitiba, Paraná (Brazil); Lima, M. A. P. [Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin,” Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, 13083-859 São Paulo (Brazil); Blanco, F. [Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid E-28040 (Spain); García, G. [Instituto de Física Fundamental, CSIC, Serrano 113-bis, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Brunger, M. J., E-mail: Michael.Brunger@flinders.edu.au [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001 (Australia); Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
2016-04-14
We report absolute experimental integral cross sections (ICSs) for electron impact excitation of bands of electronic-states in furfural, for incident electron energies in the range 20–250 eV. Wherever possible, those results are compared to corresponding excitation cross sections in the structurally similar species furan, as previously reported by da Costa et al. [Phys. Rev. A 85, 062706 (2012)] and Regeta and Allan [Phys. Rev. A 91, 012707 (2015)]. Generally, very good agreement is found. In addition, ICSs calculated with our independent atom model (IAM) with screening corrected additivity rule (SCAR) formalism, extended to account for interference (I) terms that arise due to the multi-centre nature of the scattering problem, are also reported. The sum of those ICSs gives the IAM-SCAR+I total cross section for electron–furfural scattering. Where possible, those calculated IAM-SCAR+I ICS results are compared against corresponding results from the present measurements with an acceptable level of accord being obtained. Similarly, but only for the band I and band II excited electronic states, we also present results from our Schwinger multichannel method with pseudopotentials calculations. Those results are found to be in good qualitative accord with the present experimental ICSs. Finally, with a view to assembling a complete cross section data base for furfural, some binary-encounter-Bethe-level total ionization cross sections for this collision system are presented.
Acoustic scattering by multiple elliptical cylinders using collocation multipole method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lee, Wei-Ming
2012-01-01
This paper presents the collocation multipole method for the acoustic scattering induced by multiple elliptical cylinders subjected to an incident plane sound wave. To satisfy the Helmholtz equation in the elliptical coordinate system, the scattered acoustic field is formulated in terms of angular and radial Mathieu functions which also satisfy the radiation condition at infinity. The sound-soft or sound-hard boundary condition is satisfied by uniformly collocating points on the boundaries. For the sound-hard or Neumann conditions, the normal derivative of the acoustic pressure is determined by using the appropriate directional derivative without requiring the addition theorem of Mathieu functions. By truncating the multipole expansion, a finite linear algebraic system is derived and the scattered field can then be determined according to the given incident acoustic wave. Once the total field is calculated as the sum of the incident field and the scattered field, the near field acoustic pressure along the scatterers and the far field scattering pattern can be determined. For the acoustic scattering of one elliptical cylinder, the proposed results match well with the analytical solutions. The proposed scattered fields induced by two and three elliptical–cylindrical scatterers are critically compared with those provided by the boundary element method to validate the present method. Finally, the effects of the convexity of an elliptical scatterer, the separation between scatterers and the incident wave number and angle on the acoustic scattering are investigated.
Laser diagnostics in combustion. Elastic scattering and picosecond laser-induced fluorescence
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ossler, Frederik
1999-05-01
Elastic scattering and the Lorenz-Mie (LM) theory in particular is used for the characterization of sub-micron- and micron-sized droplets of organic fuels in sprays and aerosols. Calculations on the Lorenz-Mie theory show that backward-sideward scattered visible radiation can be used for unambiguous detection of ensembles of homogeneous droplets of organic substances with diameters around 1 micrometer (size parameter between 2 and 6). A backward feature in the polarization ratio appears with a value considerably higher than one, on the opposite to the case of the rainbow observed for larger droplets. A comparison between measurements and LM calculations showed that a large amount of droplets in aerosols and well-atomized sprays were smaller than one micrometer in diameter. The LM theory was also used to characterize different size groups in a burning spray. A 3 - D technique based on a picosecond laser and a streak camera was demonstrated for measurements of fast and turbulent biphase flows. The entire 3 - D information was obtained within a time-span of less than 15 nanoseconds. A 2 - D technique for lifetime measurements based on a picosecond laser and a streak camera has been demonstrated on static objects. An analysis indicates that the technique may be applied to measurements of lifetimes around or below one picosecond employing femtosecond lasers and femtosecond streak-cameras. The technique may in principle be used to study dynamic systems when two detectors are used. Fluorescence lifetime measurements on hydrogen and oxygen atoms in flames at atmospheric pressure demonstrate the need of lasers with suiting spectral properties such as jitter and linewidth and the need of detectors with high sensitivity in the near IR in the case of oxygen atoms. The fluorescence lifetimes of gas phase acetone and 3-pentanone at 266 nm excitation wavelength have been measured for mixtures with nitrogen and air at temperatures between 323 and 723 K and pressures between 0
Determination of the forward slope in $p~p$ and $\\bar p~p$ elastic scattering up to LHC energy
Bourrely, C; Wu, T T
2011-01-01
In the analysis of experimental data on $p p$ (or $\\bar p p$) elastic differential cross section it is customary to define an average forward slope $b$ in the form $\\exp{(-b|t|)}$ where $t$ is the momentum transfer. Taking as working example the results of experiments at Tevatron and SPS, we will show with the help of the impact picture approach, that this simplifying assumption hides interesting information on the complex non-flip scattering amplitude, and that the slope $b$ is not a constant. We investigate the variation of this slope parameter, including a model-independent way to extract this information from an accurate measurement of the elastic differential cross section. An extension of our results to the LHC energy domain is presented in view of future experiments.
Characterization of nuclear graphite elastic properties using laser ultrasonic methods
Zeng, Fan W.; Han, Karen; Olasov, Lauren R.; Gallego, Nidia C.; Contescu, Cristian I.; Spicer, James B.
2015-05-01
Laser ultrasonic methods have been used to characterize the elastic behaviors of commercially-available and legacy nuclear graphites. Since ultrasonic techniques are sensitive to various aspects of graphite microstructure including preferred grain orientation, microcrack orientation and porosity, laser ultrasonics is a candidate technique for monitoring graphite degradation and structural integrity in environments expected in high-temperature, gas-cooled nuclear reactors. Aspects of materials texture can be assessed by studying ultrasonic wavespeeds as a function of propagation direction and polarization. Shear wave birefringence measurements, in particular, can be used to evaluate elastic anisotropy. In this work, laser ultrasonic measurements of graphite moduli have been made to provide insight into the relationship between the microstructures and the macroscopic stiffnesses of these materials. In particular, laser ultrasonic measurements have been made using laser line sources to produce shear waves with specific polarizations. By varying the line orientation relative to the sample, shear wave birefringence measurements have been recorded. Results from shear wave birefringence measurements show that an isostatically molded graphite, such as PCIB, behaves isotropically, while an extruded graphite, such as H-451, displays significant ultrasonic texture. Graphites have complicated microstructures that depend on the manufacturing processes used, and ultrasonic texture in these materials could originate from grain orientation and preferred microcrack alignment. Effects on material isotropy due to service related microstructural changes are possible and the ultimate aim of this work is to determine the degree to which these changes can be assessed nondestructively using laser ultrasonics measurements.
Hof, AL; Boom, H; Robinson, C; Rutten, W; Neuman, M; Wijkstra, H
1997-01-01
With a newly developed Controlled-Release Ergometer the complete characteristic of the series elastic component can be measured in human muscles. Previous estimates were based on the resonance method: muscle elasticity was assessed from the resonance frequency of the muscle elasticity connected to a
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lachkar, J.; Haouat, G.; Lagrange, C.; Cates, M.; Patin, Y.; Sigaud, J.; Jary, J.; Ferguson, S.; Shamu, R.E.
1978-01-01
In order to study the neutron-nucleus interaction for nuclei in the mass region from A=248 to A=240, neutron data have been taken which include total cross sections for 208 Pb, 232 Th, 235 U, 238 U and 239 Pu between 1.4 and 14 MeV, elastic scattering cross sections for 208 Pb at 2.5 and 3.4 MeV, and elastic and inelastic scattering cross sections for 208 Pb at 7.5 - 9.5 - 11.5 and 13.5 MeV, for 232 Th and 238 U at 0.7 - 2.5 and 3.4 MeV and for 235 U and 239 Pu at 0.7 and 3.4 MeV. These data have been analysed using the DWBA formalism for 208 Pb and the coupled-channels formalism for the actinides. Optical potential parameters and nuclear deformation parameters have been deduced from these analyses. (author) [fr
Elastic Properties of Hard Films Multi-Layer Protective Coatings by Light Scattering
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Sooryakumar, R
2000-01-01
... (silicon oxynitride and ZnSe) and free-standing membranes (SiN). These harmonics provide a direct means to investigate the longitudinal and transverse sound velocities and thereby to determine the C11 and C44 elastic constants...
Study of the elastic scattering of {sup 6}He on {sup 208}Pb at energies around the Coulomb barrier
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sanchez-Benitez, A.M. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Huelva, E-21071 Huelva (Spain); Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron, Universite Catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Escrig, D. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Alvarez, M.A.G.; Andres, M.V. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Angulo, C. [Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron, Universite Catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Borge, M.J.G. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Cabrera, J. [Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron, Universite Catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Cherubini, S. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Demaret, P. [Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron, Universite Catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Espino, J.M. [Dept. de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Figuera, P. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Freer, M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT Birmingham (United Kingdom); Garcia-Ramos, J.E. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Huelva, E-21071 Huelva (Spain); Gomez-Camacho, J. [Dept. de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Gulino, M. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Kakuee, O.R. [Van der Graaff Laboratory, Nuclear Research Centre, AEOI, PO Box 14155-1339, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Martel, I. [Dept. de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Huelva, E-21071 Huelva (Spain)], E-mail: imartel@uhu.es; Metelko, C. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT Birmingham (United Kingdom); Moro, A.M. [Dept. de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain)] (and others)
2008-04-15
The elastic scattering of {sup 6}He on {sup 208}Pb has been measured at laboratory energies of 14, 16, 18 and 22 MeV. These data were analyzed using phenomenological Woods-Saxon form factors and optical model calculations. A semiclassical polarization potential was used to study the effect of the Coulomb dipole polarizability. Evidence for long range absorption, partially arising from Coulomb dipole polarizability, is reported. The energy variation of the optical potential was found to be consistent with the dispersion relations which connect the real and imaginary parts of the potential.
Measurement of the vector and tensor analyzing powers for dp-elastic scattering at 880 MeV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kurilkin, P.K., E-mail: pkurilkin@jinr.ru [VBLHEP-JINR, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Ladygin, V.P. [VBLHEP-JINR, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Uesaka, T. [Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Suda, K. [RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Gurchin, Yu.V.; Isupov, A.Yu. [VBLHEP-JINR, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Itoh, K. [Department of Physics, Saitama University, Saitama (Japan); Janek, M. [VBLHEP-JINR, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Physics Department, University of Zilina, 010 26 Zilina (Slovakia); Karachuk, J.-T. [VBLHEP-JINR, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Advanced Research Institute for Electrical Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Kawabata, T. [Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Khrenov, A.N.; Kiselev, A.S.; Kizka, V.A. [VBLHEP-JINR, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Krasnov, V.A. [VBLHEP-JINR, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation); Ladygina, N.B. [VBLHEP-JINR, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Livanov, A.N. [VBLHEP-JINR, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation); Maeda, Y. [Kyushi University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka-shi 812 (Japan); Malakhov, A.I.; Piyadin, S.M.; Reznikov, S.G. [VBLHEP-JINR, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); and others
2012-08-29
The vector A{sub y} and tensor analyzing powers A{sub yy} and A{sub xx} for dp-elastic scattering were measured at T{sub d}{sup lab}=880 MeV over the c.m. angular range from 60 Degree-Sign to 140 Degree-Sign at the JINR Nuclotron. The data are compared with predictions of different theoretical models based on the use of nucleon-nucleon forces only. The observed discrepancies of the measured analyzing powers from the calculations require the consideration of additional mechanisms.
Breakup coupling effects on near-barrier quasi-elastic scattering of 6,7Li on 144Sm
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Otomar, D. R.; Lubian, J.; Gomes, P. R. S.; Monteiro, D. S.; Capurro, O. A.; Arazi, A.; Figueira, J. M.; Marti, G. V.; Heimann, D. Martinez; Negri, A. E.; Pacheco, A. J.; Niello, J. O. Fernandez; Guimaraes, V.; Chamon, L. C.
2009-01-01
Excitation functions of quasi-elastic scattering at backward angles have been measured for the 6,7 Li+ 144 Sm systems at near-barrier energies, and fusion barrier distributions have been extracted from the first derivatives of the experimental cross sections with respect to the bombarding energies. The data have been analyzed in the framework of continuum discretized coupled-channel calculations, and the results have been obtained in terms of the influence exerted by the inclusion of different reaction channels, with emphasis on the role played by the projectile breakup.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Adams, D.; Adeva, B.; Akdogan, T.; Arik, E.; Arvidson, A.; Badelek, B; Bardin, G.; Baum, G.; Berglund, P.; Betev, L.; Birsa, R.; Bjoerkholm, P.; Bonner, B.E.; Botton, N. de E-mail: nico.de.botton@cern.ch; Boutemeur, M.; Bradamante, F.; Bravar, A.; Bressan, A.; Bueltmann, S.; Burtin, E.; Cavata, C.; Clocchiatti, M.; Crabb, D.; Cranshaw, J.; Cuhadar, T.; Dalla Torre, S.; Dantzig, R. van; Derro, B.; Deshpande, A.; Dhawan, S.; Dulya, C.; Dyring, A.; Eichblatt, S.; Faivre, J.C.; Fasching, D.; Feinstein, F.; Fernandez, C.; Forthmann, S.; Frois, B.; Gallas, A.; Garzon, J.A.; Gatignon, L.; Gaussiran, T.; Gilly, H.; Giorgi, M.; Goeler, E. von; Goertz, S.; Golutvin, I.A.; Gracia, G.; Groot, N. de; Grosse Perdekamp, M.; Haft, K.; Harrach, D. von; Hasegawa, T.; Hautle, P.; Hayashi, N.; Heusch, C.A.; Horikawa, N.; Hughes, V.W.; Igo, G.; Ishimoto, S.; Iwata, T.; Kabuss, E.M.; Kageya, T.; Karev, A.; Kessler, H.J.; Ketel, T.J.; Kiryluk, J.; Kiryushin, I.; Kishi, A.; Kisselev, Yu.; Klostermann, L.; Kraemer, D.; Krivokhijine, V.; Kroeger, W.; Kukhtin, V.; Kurek, K.; Kyynaeraeinen, J.; Lamanna, M.; Landgraf, U.; Le Goff, J.M.; Lehar, F.; Lesquen, A. de; Lichtenstadt, J.; Lindqvist, T.; Litmaath, M.; Lowe, M.; Magnon, A.; Mallot, G.K.; Marie, F.; Martin, A.; Martino, J.; Matsuda, T.; Mayes, B.; McCarthy, J.S.; Medved, K.; Meyer, W.; Middelkoop, G. van; Miller, D.; Miyachi, Y.; Mori, K.; Moromisato, J.; Nagaitsev, A.; Nassalski, J.; Naumann, L.; Niinikoski, T.O.; Oberski, J.E.J.; Ogawa, A.; Ozben, C.; Pereira, H.; Perrot-Kunne, F.; Peshekhonov, D.; Piegaia, R.; Pinsky, L.; Platchkov, S.; Plo, M.; Pose, D.; Postma, H.; Pretz, J.; Pussieux, T.; Raedel, G.; Rijllart, A.; Reicherz, G.; Roberts, J.B.; Rock, S.; Rodriguez, M.; Rondio, E.; Ropelewski, L.; Sabo, I.; Saborido, J.; Sandacz, A; Savin, I.; Schiavon, P.; Schiller, A.; Schueler, K.P.; Seitz, R.; Semertzidis, Y.; Sergeev, S.; Shanahan, P.; Sichtermann, E.P.; Simeoni, F.; Smirnov, G.I.; Staude, A.; Steinmetz, A. [and others
2000-03-21
A muon beam polarimeter was built for the SMC experiment at the CERN SPS, for beam energies of 100 and 190 GeV. The beam polarisation is determined from the asymmetry in the elastic scattering off the polarised electrons of a ferromagnetic target whose magnetisation is periodically reversed. At muon energies of 100 and 190 GeV the measured polarisation is P{sub {mu}}=-0.80{+-}0.03 (stat.){+-}0.02 (syst.) and P{sub {mu}}=-0.797{+-}0.011 (stat.){+-}0.012 (syst.), respectively. These results agree with measurements of the beam polarisation using a shape analysis of the decay positron energy spectrum.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gaidot, A.; Bruneton, C.; Bystricky, J.; Cozzika, G.; Deregel, J.; Ducros, Y.; Khantine-Langlois, F.; Lehar, F.; Lesquen, A. de; Merlo, J.P.; Miyashita, S.; Movchet, J.; Pierrard, J.; Raoul, J.C.; Van Rossum, L.; Kanavets, V.P.
1975-01-01
The polarization parameter P has been measured for elastic scattering on polarized protons, of π - , K - and anti-p at 40GeV/c and of π + , K + and p at 45GeV/c. Four-momentum transfer ranges from -0.08 to -1.8(GeV/c) 2 for π - p and pp, and from -0.08 to -1.2(GeV/c) 2 for π + , K + or K - and anti-p [fr
The role of the Pauli principle in the elastic scattering of sup 6 Li on different nuclei
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Saad, S.S. (Tanta Univ. (Egypt). Dept. of Physics)
1991-01-01
The elastic scattering of {sup 6}Li on {sup 12}C, {sup 16}O and {sup 28}Si targets at {approx}30 MeV has been analysed in the framework of the double folding model and by considering the effect of the Pauli principle in the overlapping region between the two interacting nuclei in a macroscopic way (the orthogonality condition model, OCM). Good agreement is obtained especially at backward angles. The results have been compared with our previous work in the framework of a phenomenologically-effective, surface potential model (ESPM). The role of Pauli principle is also investigated. (author).
Study on elastic scattering of 412 KeV γ radiation in elements of different atomic numbers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Goncalves, O.D.
1977-01-01
The differentials cross sections for elastic scattering of 412 KeV γ rays was measured with Ge-Li detectors for elements of z = 78, 74, 56, 48 and 47. For the elements of z 78, 56 and 48 don't exist former measurements, while for z 74 and 48 exist only measurements done with NaI detectors, of poor resolution. Approximated theories calculated through H.F.S.D. form factors are discussed. From the analysis of the experimental and theoretical results, anomalies early pointed in this approximation could be explained. The experimental results presented good agreement with recent theoretical calculations done with second order perturbation theory. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagdasarian, Zara [Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany)
2016-07-01
The most accepted approach to describe nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction is the partial wave analysis (PWA). The goal of many experiments held at COSY-Juelich has been to provide PWA with valuable precision measurements at different energies aiming to cover the full angular range. This contribution reports on the differential cross section for proton-proton elastic scattering that has been measured at a beam energy of 1.0 GeV and in 200 MeV steps from 1.6 to 2.8 GeV at centre-of-mass angles between about 10 and 30 degrees. The ANKE collaboration and the COSY machine crew have jointly developed a very accurate method for determining the absolute luminosity in an experiment at an internal target position. The technique relies on measuring the energy losses due to the electromagnetic interactions of the beam as it passes repeatedly through the thin target and measuring the shift of the revolution frequency by studying the Schottky spectrum. This powerful technique allows one to measure the absolute differential cross section for elastic pp scattering with the accuracy of typically 3%. After extrapolating the differential cross sections to the forward direction, the results are broadly compatible with the predictions of forward dispersion relations. Finally, it is shown that the data have a significant impact on the partial wave analysis.
Elastic and inelastic neutron scattering cross sections for 12C at En = 5.9, 6.1, and 7.0 MeV
Lyons, Elizabeth; Hicks, Sally; Morin, Theodore; Derdeyn, Elizabeth; Peters, Erin
2017-09-01
Measurements of neutron elastic and inelastic scattering differential cross sections from 12C have been performed at incident neutron energies of 5.9, 6.1, and 7.0 MeV. Comparisons of existing experimental cross sections (NNDC) at these incident neutron energies reveal large discrepancies. Accurate measurements of 12C cross sections are vital to facilitate precise calculations regarding criticality conditions for nuclear reactors, advances in security screening methods, and better understanding astrophysical and nuclear phenomenon. During preliminary measurements of 12C cross sections at the University of Kentucky Accelerator Laboratory (UKAL), we realized the relative efficiency of the deuterated benzene (main) detector was needed over an unusually large range of neutron energies due to the high Q value of the first excited state of 12C. Those experiments were repeated during the summer of 2017 to measure in situ the relative detector efficiency with better beam conditions and a better understanding of background observed from the 2H(d, n)3He source reaction. The resulting improved detector efficiency was used in determining the neutron elastic and inelastic scattering cross sections. While the former were found to be in excellent agreement with evaluated cross sections from ENDF, the latter show some discrepancies, especially at 6.1 MeV. Our results will be presented. Research is supported by USDOE-NNSA-SSAP: NA0002931, NSF: PHY-1606890, and the Donald A. Cowan Physics Institute at the University of Dallas.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kuppermann, Aron; Gordon, R.J.; Coggiola, M.J.
1974-01-01
Differential elastic scattering cross sections for the systems H 2 +O 2 , SF 6 , NH 3 , CO, and CH 4 and for D 2 +O 2 , SF 6 , and NH 3 have been obtained from crossed beam studies. In all cases, rapid quantum oscillations have been resolved which permit the determination of intermolecular potentiel parameters if a central-field assumption is adopted. These potentials were found to be independent of both the isotopic form of the hydrogen molecule, and the relative collision energy. As a result of this, and the ability of these spherical potentials to quantitatively describe the measured scattering, it is concluded that anisotropy effects do not seem important in these H 2 (D 2 ) systems
Gazeau, F; Dubois, E; Perzynski, R
2003-01-01
We investigate the structure and dynamics of ionic magnetic fluids (MFs), based on ferrite nanoparticles, dispersed at pH approx 7 either in H sub 2 O or in D sub 2 O. Polarized and non-polarized static small angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments in zero magnetic field allow us to study both the magnetic and the nuclear contributions to the neutron scattering. The magnetic interparticle attraction is probed separately from the global thermodynamic repulsion and compares well to direct magnetic susceptibility measurements. The magnetic interparticle correlation is in these fluid samples independent of the probed spatial scale. In contrast, a spatial dependence of the interparticle correlation is evidenced at large PHI by the nuclear structure factor. A model of magnetic interaction quantitatively explains the under-field anisotropy of the SANS nuclear contribution. In a quasi-elastic neutron spin-echo experiment, we probe the Brownian dynamics of translation of the nanoparticles in the range 1.3 sup<=...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kerimov, B.K.; Al'-Khamisi, I.M.; Safin, M.Ya.; Ishankuliev, D.
1980-01-01
Obtained were general analytical solutions for the correction of the second Born approximation to the cross section of elastic scattering of fast electrons by nuclei with provision for both pure electric and pure magnetic scatterings and a contribution resulted from their interference. The given formulae for the cross sections are written in the form independent of model representations of nuclear form factors and can be used both for light and heavy nuclei. A contribution to the cross section of the second Born approximation resulted from the interference of electron interaction with the Coulomb field as well as with nuclear magnetic dipole moment has been calculated. The stidy on the contribution of higher-order multipole momenta may be analogically carried out on the basis of the general formulae given in the Appendix
First measurement of 30S+α resonant elastic scattering for the 30S(α ,p ) reaction rate
Kahl, D.; Yamaguchi, H.; Kubono, S.; Chen, A. A.; Parikh, A.; Binh, D. N.; Chen, J.; Cherubini, S.; Duy, N. N.; Hashimoto, T.; Hayakawa, S.; Iwasa, N.; Jung, H. S.; Kato, S.; Kwon, Y. K.; Nishimura, S.; Ota, S.; Setoodehnia, K.; Teranishi, T.; Tokieda, H.; Yamada, T.; Yun, C. C.; Zhang, L. Y.
2018-01-01
Background: Type I x-ray bursts are the most frequently observed thermonuclear explosions in the galaxy, resulting from thermonuclear runaway on the surface of an accreting neutron star. The 30S(α ,p ) reaction plays a critical role in burst models, yet insufficient experimental information is available to calculate a reliable, precise rate for this reaction. Purpose: Our measurement was conducted to search for states in 34Ar and determine their quantum properties. In particular, natural-parity states with large α -decay partial widths should dominate the stellar reaction rate. Method: We performed the first measurement of 30S+α resonant elastic scattering up to a center-of-mass energy of 5.5 MeV using a radioactive ion beam. The experiment utilized a thick gaseous active target system and silicon detector array in inverse kinematics. Results: We obtained an excitation function for 30S(α ,α ) near 150∘ in the center-of-mass frame. The experimental data were analyzed with R -matrix calculations, and we observed three new resonant patterns between 11.1 and 12.1 MeV, extracting their properties of resonance energy, widths, spin, and parity. Conclusions: We calculated the resonant thermonuclear reaction rate of 30S(α ,p ) based on all available experimental data of 34Ar and found an upper limit about one order of magnitude larger than a rate determined using a statistical model. The astrophysical impact of these two rates has been investigated through one-zone postprocessing type I x-ray burst calculations. We find that our new upper limit for the 30S(α ,p )33Cl rate significantly affects the predicted nuclear energy generation rate during the burst.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Devereux, M.J.
1979-05-01
Elastic pion scattering from /sup 9/Be, /sup 28/Si, /sup 58/Ni, and /sup 208/Pb at 162 MeV is analyzed and compared with an optical model theory which incorporates a pion--nucleon range. Excellent fits to the data are obtained in all but one case. The fitted values of the pion--nucleon range, as well as other fitted values are listed. 108 references.
Proton-proton elastic scattering at the LHC energy of $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV
INSPIRE-00062364; Aspell, P.; Atanassov, I.; Avati, V.; Baechler, J.; Berardi, V.; Berretti, M.; Bozzo, M.; Brucken, E.; Buzzo, A.; Cafagna, F.S.; Calicchio, M.; Catanesi, M.G.; Covault, C.; Csanad, M.; Csorgo, T.; Deile, M.; Dimovasili, E.; Doubek, M.; Eggert, K.; Eremin, V.; Ferro, F.; Fiergolski, A.; Garcia, F.; Giani, S.; Greco, V.; Grzanka, L.; Heino, J.; Hilden, T.; Janda, M.; Kaspar, J.; Kopal, J.; Kundrat, V.; Kurvinen, K.; Lami, S.; Latino, G.; Lauhakangas, R.; Leszko, T.; Lippmaa, E.; Lokajicek, M.; Lo Vetere, M.; Lucas Rodriguez, F.; Macri, M.; Magaletti, L.; Magazzu, G.; Mercadante, A.; Minutoli, S.; Nemes, F.; Niewiadomski, H.; Noschis, E.; Novak, T.; Oliveri, E.; Oljemark, F.; Orava, R.; Oriunno, M.; Osterberg, K.; Perrot, A.L.; Palazzi, P.; Pedreschi, E.; Petajajarvi, J.; Prochazka, J.; Quinto, M.; Radermacher, E.; Radicioni, E.; Ravotti, F.; Robutti, E.; Ropelewski, L.; Ruggiero, G.; Saarikko, H.; Santroni, A.; Scribano, A.; Sette, G.; Snoeys, W.; Spinella, F.; Sziklai, J.; Taylor, C.; Turini, N.; Vacek, V.; Vitek, M.; Welti, J.; Whitmore, J.
2011-01-01
Proton-proton elastic scattering has been measured by the TOTEM experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider at √ s = 7 TeV in dedicated runs with the Roman Pot detectors placed as close as seven times the transverse beam size (σbeam) from the outgoing beams. After careful study of the accelerator optics and the detector alignment, |t| , the square of four-momentum transferred in the elastic scattering process, has been determined with an uncertainty of δ t = 0.1 GeV √ |t|. In this letter the first results of the differential cross section are presented covering a |t|-range from 0.36 to 2.5 GeV**2. The differential cross-section in the range 0.36 < |t| < 0.47 GeV**2 is described by an exponential with a slope parameter B = (23.6±0.5stat ±0.4syst)GeV**−2, followed by a significant diffractive minimum at |t| = (0.53±0.01stat±0.01syst)GeV**2. For |t|-values larger than ∼ 1:5GeV**2, the cross-section exhibits a power law behaviour with an exponent of -7.8 ± 0.3stat ±0.1syst. When compared to...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Farag, M.Y.H.; Esmael, E.H. [Cairo University, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Giza (Egypt); Maridi, H.M. [Cairo University, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Giza (Egypt); Taiz University, Physics Department, Faculty of Applied Science, Taiz (Yemen)
2012-11-15
The proton elastic scattering data on some light exotic nuclei, namely, {sup 6,} {sup 8}He, {sup 9,} {sup 11}Li, and {sup 10,} {sup 11,} {sup 12}Be, at energies below than 100MeV/nucleon are analyzed using the single folding optical model. The real, imaginary, and spin-orbit parts of the optical potential (OP) are constructed only from the folded potentials and their derivatives using M3Y effective nucleon-nucleon interaction. These OP parts, their renormalization factors and their volume integrals are studied. The surface and spin-orbit potentials are important to fit the experimental data. Three model densities for halo nuclei are used and the sensitivity of the cross-sections to these densities is tested. The imaginary OP within high-energy approximation is used and compared with the single folding OP. This OP with few and limited fitting parameters, which have systematic behavior with incident energy, successfully describes the proton elastic scattering data with exotic nuclei. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mukherjee, A.; Hinde, D. J.; Dasgupta, M.; Newton, J. O.; Butt, R. D.; Hagino, K.
2007-01-01
A precise fusion excitation function has been measured for the 12 C+ 208 Pb reaction at energies around the barrier, allowing the fusion barrier distribution to be extracted. The fusion cross sections at high energies differ significantly from existing fusion data. Coupled reaction channels calculations have been carried out with the code FRESCO. A bare potential previously claimed to uniquely describe a wide range of 12 C+ 208 Pb near-barrier reaction channels failed to reproduce the new fusion data. The nuclear potential diffuseness of 0.95 fm which fits the fusion excitation function over a broad energy range fails to reproduce the elastic scattering. A diffuseness of 0.55 fm reproduces the fusion barrier distribution and elastic scattering data, but significantly overpredicts the fusion cross sections at high energies. This may be due to physical processes not included in the calculations. To constrain calculations, it is desirable to have precisely measured fusion cross sections, especially at energies around the barrier
Elastic scattering of 7Li + 27Al at several angles in the 7-11 MeV energy range
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abriola, D.; Carnelli, P.; Arazi, A.; Figueira, J.M.; Capurro, O.A.; Cardona, M.A.; Fernandez Niello, J.O.; Hojman, D.; Fimiani, L.; Grinberg, P.; Martinez Heimann, D.; Marti, G.V.; Negri, A.E.; Pacheco, A.J.
2010-01-01
Elastic cross sections for the 7 Li + 27 Al system were measured at laboratory energies between 7 and 11 MeV in steps of 0.25 MeV, and angles between 135 o and 170 o in steps of 5 o . Excitation functions for the elastic scattering were measured using an array of eight Si surface-barrier detectors whereas a solid-state telescope was used to estimate and subtract background from other reactions. Contamination from α particles arising from the 7 Li breakup process at E lab ≥ 10 MeV makes the use of these energies inadvisable for RBS applications. The present results are compared with previous data obtained at 165 o (E lab ≤ 6 MeV), 140 o and 170 o (E lab ≤ 8 MeV). The experimental data were analyzed in terms of the Optical Model. Two different energy-independent potentials were found. These optical potentials allow an interpolation with physical meaning to other energies and scattering angles. The experimental cross sections will be uploaded to the IBANDL database.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kozier, K. S.; Roubtsov, D. [AECL, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, ON (Canada); Plompen, A. J. M.; Kopecky, S. [EC-JRC, Inst. for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, 2440 Geel (Belgium)
2012-07-01
The thermal neutron-elastic-scattering cross-section data for {sup 16}O used in various modern evaluated-nuclear-data libraries were reviewed and found to be generally too high compared with the best available experimental measurements. Some of the proposed revisions to the ENDF/B-VII.0 {sup 16}O data library and recent results from the TENDL system increase this discrepancy further. The reactivity impact of revising the {sup 16}O data downward to be consistent with the best measurements was tested using the JENDL-3.3 {sup 16}O cross-section values and was found to be very small in MCNP5 simulations of the UO{sub 2} and reactor-recycle MOX-fuel cases of the ANS Doppler-defect numerical benchmark. However, large reactivity differences of up to about 14 mk (1400 pcm) were observed using {sup 16}O data files from several evaluated-nuclear-data libraries in MCNP5 simulations of the Los Alamos National Laboratory HEU heavy-water solution thermal critical experiments, which were performed in the 1950's. The latter result suggests that new measurements using HEU in a heavy-water-moderated critical facility, such as the ZED-2 zero-power reactor at the Chalk River Laboratories, might help to resolve the discrepancy between the {sup 16}O thermal elastic-scattering cross-section values and thereby reduce or better define its uncertainty, although additional assessment work would be needed to confirm this. (authors)
The d-α elastic scattering and the lithium-6 in a three-body model with separable interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Charnomordic, Brigitte.
1976-01-01
This work consists in a three-body treatment of the six nucleon system. The model is constructed by considering two identical nucleons and a structureless alpha particle. Such a system can be described by the Faddeev-Lovelace equations. A partial antisymetrization is performed taking into account the identity of the nucleons. Pairwise interacting particles with nonlocal separable forces are introduced. Two-body potentials are chosen in each n-n and n-α partial wave. After an analysis of the existing separable interactions, new n-α and 1S0 parametrization are constructed. The sensitivity to the tensor force and the role of the N-α description are especially studied. The case of d-α elastic scattering is also discussed. The observables: differential cross-section, analyzing powers and transfer polarization coefficients are calculated and compared with experiments. The results show the ability of a three-body model with separable interactions in describing the main properties of the d-α elastic scattering and lithium-6 [fr
Hydrogen mobility in Tisub(1.2)Mnsub(1.8) hydride: a quasi-elastic neutron scattering study
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hempelmann, R.; Richter, D.
1982-01-01
The authors used high resolution quasi-elastic neutron scattering to investigate hydrogen diffusion in the intermetallic Laves phase hydride Tisub(1.2)Mnsub(1.8)H 3 at momentum transfers Q between 0.17 and 1.95 A - 1 in the temperature range 100-375 K. Two components in the spectra were resolved at small Q and three components at large Q. On a microscopic scale the hydrogen dynamics in intermetallic hydrides is governed by the existence of energetically different interstitial sites and by blocking effects due to the high hydrogen concentration. This behaviour is described in terms of three motional states where the hydrogen atoms (i) propagate over the energetically higher sites, (ii) are at rest in structural traps and (iii) exhibit a rapid local motion. The authors performed a successful quantitative evaluation of the quasi-elastic neutron scattering data in terms of this three-state model, which may have general validity for hydrogen diffusion in intermetallic hydrides, and obtained among other results the effective hydrogen self-diffusion coefficient and experimental evidence that the third state corresponds to the hydrogen back jumps theoretically predicted for metal hydrides with high hydrogen concentrations. (Auth.)
Study of the Quasi-Elastic Scattering in the NOvA Detector Prototype
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Betancourt, Minerba [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
2013-06-01
NOvA is a 810 km long base-line neutrino oscillation experiment with two detectors (far 14 KTon and near detector 300 Ton) currently being installed in the NUMI o -axis neutrino beam produced at Fermilab. A 222 Ton prototype NOvA detector (NDOS) was built and operated in the neutrino beam for over a year to understand the response of the detector and its construction. The goal of this thesis is to study the muon neutrino interaction data collected in this test, specifically the identification of quasi-elastic charged-current interactions and measure the behavior of the quasi-elastic muon neutrino cross section.