Elastic electron-deuteron scattering in vectorlike theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gakh, G.I.
1979-01-01
The P odd effects caused by neutral weak currents in the elastic electron-deuteron scattering have been investigated in the vectorlike theories. Cross sections for scattering of both nonpolarized and longitudinally polarized electrons by the deuterons which have both vector and tensor polarizations have been calculated. The general case of the P invariance violation in the elastic electron-deuteron scattering amplitude is considered. The P invariance is violated both in the lepton and the hadron vertices. The vectorlike theory is a particular case when the P invariance is violated only in the hadron vertex
Measurement of Deuteron Tensor Polarization in Elastic Electron Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gustafsson, Kenneth K. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
2000-01-01
Nuclear physics traces it roots back to the very beginning of the last century. The concept of the nuclear atom was introduced by Rutherford around 1910. The discovery of the neutron Chadwick in 1932 gave us the concept of two nucleons: the proton and the neutron. The Jlab electron accelerator with its intermediate energy high current continuous wave beam combined with the Hall C high resolution electron spectrometer and a deutron recoil polarimeter provided experiment E94018 with the opportunity to study the deuteron electomagnetic structure, in particular to measure the tensor polarization observable t_{20}, at high four momentum transfers than ever before. This dissertation presents results of JLab experiment E94018.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Garcon, M; Ahmidouch, A; Anklin, H; Arvieux, J; Ball, J; Beedoe, S; Beise, E J; Bimbo, L; Boeglin, W; Breuer, H; Carlini, R; Chant, N S; Danagoulian, S; Dow, K; Ducret, J -E; Dunne, J; Ewell, L; Eyraud, L; Furget, C; Gilman, R; Glashausser, C; Gueye, P; Gustafsson, K; Hafidi, K; Honegger, A; Jourdan, J; Kox, S; Kumbartzki, G; Lu, L; Lung, A; Mack, D; Markowitz, P; McIntyre, J; Meekins, D; Merchez, F; Mitchell, J; Mohring, R; Mtingwa, S; Mrktchyan, H; Pitz, D; Qin, L; Ransome, R; Raoul, J -S; Roos, P G; Rutt, P; Schmidt, W; Sawafta, R; Stepanyan, S; Stephenson, R; Tieulent, R; Tomasi-Gustafsson, E
1999-07-01
In elastic electron-deuteron scattering, the tensor polarization moments t{sub 20}, t{sub 21} and t{sub 22}, together with the unpolarized cross-sections, have been measured up to a momentum transfer of 1.8 (GeV/c){sup 2}, or 6.8 fm{sup -1}. The experiment was performed at Jefferson Laboratory using the recoil deuteron polarimeter POLDER. Preliminary results are presented and discussed, especially in view of their significance concerning the applicability of perturbative QCD to this exclusive process.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gakh, G.I.; Tomasi-Gustafsson, E.
2006-01-01
The general spin structure of the matrix element, taking into account the 2-photon exchange contribution, for the elastic electron (positron) - deuteron scattering has been derived using general symmetry properties of the hadron electromagnetic interaction, such as P-, C- and T-invariances as well as lepton helicity conservation in QED at high energy. Taking into account also crossing symmetry, the amplitudes of e ± d scattering can be parametrized in terms of fifteen real functions. The expressions for the differential cross section and for all polarization observables are given in terms of these functions. We consider the case of an arbitrary polarized deuteron target and polarized electron beam (both longitudinal and transverse). The transverse polarization of the electron beam induces a single-spin asymmetry which is non-zero in presence of 2-photon exchange. It is shown that elastic deuteron electromagnetic form factors can still be extracted in presence of 2 photon exchange, from the measurements of the differential cross sections and of one polarization observable (for example, the tensor asymmetry) for electron and positron deuteron elastic scattering, in the same kinematical conditions. (authors)
Proton-deuteron elastic scattering for E > 0
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alt, E.O.; Mukhamedzhanov, A.M.; Sattarov, A.I.
1999-01-01
We report on the first reliable numerical results for proton-deuteron elastic scattering observables for energies above the deuteron breakup threshold, for the Paris potential. The calculations have been performed within the screening and renormalisation approach. The theoretical results are compared with recent experimental data. Refs. 12, fig. 1 (author)
Scattering of high energy electrons on deuteron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grossetete, B.
1964-12-01
The aim of this work is to obtain information on the neutron form factor from the study of the scattering of electrons on deuterium. The first part is dedicated to the theoretical study of the elastic and inelastic scattering. We introduce different form factors: Sachs form factor, the Pauli and Dirac form factors, they appear in the analytic expression of the scattering cross-section. We show how the deuteron form factors can be deduced from neutron's and proton's form factors. In the case of the inelastic scattering we show how the cross section can be broken into components associated to partial waves and we obtain different formulas for the inelastic cross-section based on the Breit formula or the Durand formalism. The second part is dedicated to the experiment setting of electron scattering on deuterium. The elastic scattering experiment has been made on solid or liquid CD 2 targets while inelastic scattering has been studied on a liquid target. We have used an electron beam produced by the Orsay linear accelerator and the scattered electrons have been analysed by a magnetic spectrometer and a Cerenkov detector. The results give a very low value (slightly positive)for the charge form factor of the neutron and a magnetic form factor for the neutron slightly below that of the proton [fr
Quasielastic electron-deuteron scattering in the weak binding approximation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ethier, Jacob J. [William and Mary College, JLAB; Doshi, Nidhi P. [Carnegie Mellon University; Malace, Simona P. [JLAB; Melnitchouk, Wally [JLAB
2014-06-01
We perform a global analysis of all available electron-deuteron quasielastic scattering data using Q^2-dependent smearing functions that describe inclusive inelastic e-d scattering within the weak binding approximation. We study the dependence of the cross sections on the deuteron wave function and the off-shell extrapolation of the elastic electron-nucleon cross section, which show particular sensitivity at x >> 1. The excellent overall agreement with data over a large range of Q^2 and x suggest a limited need for effects beyond the impulse approximation, with the exception of the very high-x or very low-Q^2 regions, where short-distance effects in the deuteron become more relevant.
Alpha-deuteron elastic scattering around 40 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
De, A.; Karmakar, S.; Roychaudhury, T.; Dasgupta, S.S.; Chintalapudi, S.N.; Ismail, M.; Banerjee, S.R.; Divatia, A.S.
1989-01-01
Differential cross section for alpha-deuteron elastic scattering has been measured at several energies around 40 MeV incident alpha. General behaviour of angular distributions remaining close to that predicted by Faddeev type calculations, a sharp energy dependence is observed. (author). 8 refs
Polarized deuteron elastic scattering from a polarized proton target
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schmelzer, R.; Kuiper, H.; Schoeberl, M.; Berber, S.; Hilmert, H.; Koeppel, R.; Pferdmenges, R.; Zankel, H.
1983-01-01
Measurements are reported of the spin correlation parameter Cy,y for the elastic scattering of 10.0 MeV vector polarized deuterons from a polarized proton target at five CM angles (76 0 ,85 0 ,98 0 ,115 0 ,132 0 ). The experimental results are compared with different predictions. A Faddeev type calculation on the basis of local potentials also including approximate Coulomb distortion is favoured by our experimental results. (orig.)
Tensor polarization in pion-deuteron elastic scattering
Ungricht, E.; Freeman, W. S.; Geesaman, D. F.; Holt, R. J.; Specht, J. R.; Zeidman, B.; Stephenson, E. J.; Moses, J. D.; Farkhondeh, M.; Gilad, S.; Redwine, R. P.
1985-03-01
Angular distributions of the deuteron tensor polarization, t20, in π-d elastic scattering have been measured at pion energies of 180, 220, and 256 MeV. The experiment and analysis are described in detail. Theoretical calculations in which the effects of pion absorption on the elastic channel are small seem to reproduce the data. An excitation function was measured in order to search for a rap- id energy dependence of t20. No rapid angular or energy dependence was found near a pion energy of 134 MeV, where other experiments have suggested the existence of dibaryon resonances.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Suleiman, Riad S. [Kent State Univ., Kent, OH (United States)
1999-12-01
The deuteron elastic structure functions, A(Q^{2}) and B(Q^{2}), have been extracted from cross section measurements of elastic electron-deuteron scattering in coincidence using the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator and Hall A Facilities of Jefferson Laboratory. Incident electrons were scattered off a high-power cryogenic deuterium target. Scattered electrons and recoil deuterons were detected in the two High Resolution Spectrometers of Hall A. A(Q^{2}) was extracted from forward angle cross section measurements in the squared four-momentum transfer range 0.684 ≤ Q^{2} ≤ 5.90 (GeV/c)^{2}. B(Q^{2}) was determined by means of a Rosenbluth separation in the range 0.684 ≤ Q^{2} ≤ 1.325 (GeV/c)^{2}. The data are compared to theoretical models based on the impulse approximation with the inclusion of meson-exchange currents and to predictions of quark dimensional scaling and perturbative quantum chromodynamics. The results are expected to provide insights into the transition from meson-nucleon to quark-gluon descriptions of the nuclear two-body system.
Elastic nucleon-deuteron scattering and breakup with chiral forces
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Witała Henryk
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Results on three-nucleon (3N elastic scattering and breakup below the pion production threshold are discussed. The large discrepancies found between a theory based on numerical solutions of 3N Faddeev equations with standard nucleon-nucleon (NN potentials only and data point to the need for three-nucleon forces (3NF’s. This notion is supported by the fact that another possible reason for the discrepancies in elastic nucleon-deuteron (Nd scattering, relativistic effects, turned out to be small. Results for a new generation of chiral NN forces (up to N4LO together with theoretical truncation errors are shown. They support conclusions obtained with standard NN potentials
Measurement of the deuteron elastic structure functions at large momentum transfers
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McCormick, Kathleen Rae [Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States)
1999-08-01
The cross section for elastic electron-deuteron scattering has been measured using the Hall A Facility of Jefferson Laboratory. Scattered electrons and recoiling deuterons were detected in coincidence in the two 4 GeV/c High Resolution Spectrometers (HRS) of Hall A. The deuteron elastic structure functions A(Q^{2}) and B(Q^{2}) have been extracted from these data. Results for the measurement of A(Q^{2}) in the range of 0.7 ≤ Q^{2} ≤ 6.0 (GeV/c)^{2} are reported. Results for the magnetic structure function, B(Q^{2}), are presented in the range of 0.7 ≤ Q^{2}≤ 1.35 (GeV/c)^{2}. The results for both structure functions are compared to predictions of meson-nucleon based models, both with and without the inclusion of meson-exchange currents. The A(Q^{2}) results are compared to predictions of the dimensional scaling quark model and perturbative quantum chromodynamics. The results can provide insights into the transition from meson-nucleon to quark-gluon descriptions of the nuclear two-body system.
A Precise Measurement of the Deuteron Elastic Structure Function A(Q^{2})
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Honegger, Andrian [Univ. of Basel (Switzerland)
1999-12-07
During summer 1997 experiment 394-018 measured the deuteron tensor polarization in D(e,e'$vec\\{d}$) scattering in Hall C at Jefferson Laboratory. In a momentum transfer range between 0.66 and 1.8 (GeV=c)^{2}, with slight changes in the experimental setup, the collaboration performed six precision measurements of the deuteron structure function A(Q^{2}) in elastic D(e,e'd) scattering . Scattered electrons and recoil deuterons were detected in coincidence in the High Momentum Spectrometer and the recoil polarimeter POLDER, respectively. At every kinematics H(e,e') data were taken to study systematic effects of the measurement. These new precise measurements resolve discrepancies between older data sets and put significant constraints on existing models of the deuteron electromagnetic structure. This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation, the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and the Commissariat 'a l'Energie Atomique, the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation and the K.C. Wong Foundation.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alberi, G.; Bleszynski, M.; California Univ., Los Angeles; Santos, S.; Jaroszewicz, T.
1980-01-01
It is shown that the tensor asymmetries in the elastic proton-deuteron scattering at medium energies are very sensitive to the non-eikonal corrections to the Glauber model. This sensitivity originates from the fact that, in double scattering, the non-eikonal corrections affect in a different way the contributions coming from the S- and D-wave parts of the deuteron wave function. This leads to considerable change of the tensor asymmetries not only in the region of the interference between single and double scatterings, but also in the region of dominance of the double scattering. It is suggested that these effects should be taken into account in any careful analysis of the proton-deuteron polarization data, which has as a goal the extraction of the NN amplitudes. (author)
Search for effects of nuclear matter in quasi-elastic pion-deuteron backscattering on sup 6 Li
Abramov, B M; Bulychev, S A; Dukhovskoy, I A; Krutenkova, A P; Kulikov, V V; Matsyuk, M A; Radkevich, I A; Turdakina, E N; Khanov, A I
2001-01-01
The results of the experiment on studying the quasi-elastic pi sup - d backscattering in the complete kinematic on the sup 6 Li nuclei are presented. The work was accomplished on the ITEP three-meter magnetic spectrometer on the pion beams by the pulses 0.72, 0.88 and 1.28 GeV/s.The parameters of the quasi-deuteron cluster Fermi motion and the effective number of the quasi-deuterons in the sup 6 Li are determined for the sup 6 Li(pi sup - , pi sup - d) sup 4 He reaction. These values are in good agreement with the measurements on the proton and electron beams. The possibility of observing the modification effects of the deuteron wave function in the nuclear medium in this reation is discussed
THEORY OF ELECTRON-DEUTERON SCATTERING
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Durand, L. III
1963-06-15
Information on the electromagnetic form factors of the neutron is obtained from the theory of inelastic electrondeuteron scattering. Problems in the analysis of these experiments that are related to the detailed structure of the deuteron and to the strong final state interactions between the emergent nucleons are considered. Problems arising from an ambiguity in the sign of the Dirac or charge form factor are also discussed. (C.E.S.)
Local and non-local potentials for deuteron elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ramirez, J.A.
1976-01-01
The nucleon--nucleus local potential (central and spin--orbit) and the deuteron--nucleus nonlocal potential (central, spin--orbit, spin--radial tensor) are calculated by the folding-model (FM). Simple analytic expressions are obtained for the nucleon--nucleus potential by the use of Gaussians to represent the nucleon--nucleus potential and the charge and mass densities of the target. The analytic expressions give qualitative descriptions of phenomenological nucleon--nucleus interactions. A systematic target--mass dependence of realistic local FM deueron potentials is also included. Local-equivalent, energy-dependent, deuteron potentials are obtained from the nonlocal FM deuteron potentials and the energy dependence of the local potential parameters are presented. The local FM deuteron potential is tested for 60 Ni(d,d) 60 Ni at E/sub α/ = 15 MeV by comparing the predictions of the FM potentials with data in which all five polarization moments were measured. A qualitative fit to the data is obtained, but it overestimates the volume integral of the central potential by 7%. Energy-dependence effects are estimated by evaluating the local-equivalent potentials at E/sub α/ = 30 MeV and comparing the predictions to the E/sub α/ = 15 MeV potentials. The energy dependence of the central potential dominates the angular dependence of all five observables while the energy dependence of the spin--orbit and tensor potentials produces only scale changes (approx. 3%) in the vector and tensor analyzing powers. The scattering formalism for a spin-1 on a spin-0 target nucleus, and a description of the coupled--channels computer code DDUNC1 which treats the spin--radial tensor potential exactly, are included
The neutron-deuteron elastic scattering angular distribution at 95 MeV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mermod, Philippe
2004-04-01
The neutron-deuteron elastic scattering differential cross section has been measured at 95 MeV incident neutron energy, with the Medley setup at TSL in Uppsala. The neutron-proton differential cross section has also been measured for normalization purposes. The data are compared with theoretical calculations to investigate the role of three-nucleon force effects.
Phenomenology of the deuteron electromagnetic form factors
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
David Abbott; Abdellah Ahmidouch; H. Anklin; J. Arvieux; James P. Ball; Shelton Beedoe; Elizabeth Beise; Louis Bimbot; Werner Boeglin; Herbert Breuer; Roger Carlini; Nicholas Chant; Samuel Danagoulian; K. Dow; Jean-Eric Ducret; Jim Dunne; Lars Ewell; L. Eyraud; C. Furget; Michel Garcon; Ron Gilman; Charles Glashausser; Paul Gueye; Kenneth Gustafsson; Kawtar Hafidi; A. Honegger; J. Jourdan; Serge Kox; Gerfried Kumbartzki; L. Lu; Allison Lung; Pete Markowitz; Justin McIntyre; David Meekins; F. Merchez; Joseph Mitchell; R. Mohring; S. Mtingwa; H. Mrktchyan; D. Pitz; Liming Qin; Ronald Ransome; J.-S. R'eal; Philip Roos; Paul Rutt; Reyad Sawafta; Stepan Stepanyan; Raphael Tieulent; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson; William Turchinetz; K. Vansyoc; J. Volmer; E. Voutier; Claude Williamson; Stephen Wood; Chen Yan; Jianguo Zhao; W. Zhao
2000-01-01
A rigorous extraction of the deuteron charge form factors from tensor polarization data in elastic electron-deuteron scattering, at given values of the 4-momentum transfer, is presented. Then the world data for elastic electron-deuteron scattering is used to parameterize, in three different ways, the three electromagnetic form factors of the deuteron in the 4-momentum transfer range 0-7 fm. This procedure is made possible with the advent of recent polarization measurements. The parameterizations allow a phenomenological characterization of the deuteron electromagnetic structure. They can be used to remove ambiguities in the form factors extraction from future polarization data
Differential cross-section measurements for deuteron elastic scattering on natN, suitable for EBS
Kokkoris, M.; Aslanoglou, X.; Axiotis, M.; Lagoyannis, A.; Misaelides, P.; Ntemou, E.; Patronis, N.; Preketes-Sigalas, K.; Tsintari, P.
2017-11-01
The elastic scattering of deuterons on natN has been studied in the present work in the energy range of Ed,lab = 1000-2200 keV, in steps of 10 keV, at six backscattering detection angles (120°, 130°, 140°, 150°, 160° and 170°), suitable for analytical purposes. The measurements were performed using the 5.5 MV TN11 HV Tandem Accelerator of N.C.S.R. "Demokritos", Athens, Greece and a high-precision goniometer. The target used for the measurements was a self-supported Si3N4 thin foil, with an ultra-thin Au layer evaporated on top for normalization purposes. The obtained differential cross-section datasets are compared to already existing ones in literature and the observed similarities and discrepancies are discussed and analyzed, along with the effect of the various nuclear reaction mechanisms in low-energy deuteron elastic scattering.
Elastic magnetic electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sick, I.
1985-01-01
The paper surveys the field of elastic magnetic electron scattering. Magnetic scattering as a configuration analyzer; magnetic form factors of high multipole order; absolute spectroscopic factors; and non-nucleonic constituents; are all discussed. (U.K.)
Elastic scattering of polarized deuterons from 40Ca and 58Ni at intermediate energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sen, N. van; Arvieux, J.; Yanlin, Y.; Gaillard, G.; Bonin, B.; Boudard, A.; Bruge, G.; Lugol, J.C.; Babinet, R.; Hasegawa, T.; Soga, F.; Cameron, J.M.; Neilson, G.C.; Sheppard, D.M.
1985-01-01
Angular distributions of cross section, and Asub(y) and Asub(yy) analyzing powers were measured for polarized deuteron elastic scattering from 58 Ni at 200, 400 and 700 MeV, and 40 Ca at 700 MeV. Phenomenological potentials were obtained from an optical model analysis of the data. The total reaction cross sections deduced were compared to predictions from the Glauber theory optical limit. (orig.)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shimizu Y.
2010-04-01
Full Text Available Measurements of a complete set of deuteron analyzing powers (iT11, T20, T21, T22 for elastic deuteron–proton scattering at 250 MeV/nucleon have been performed with polarized deuteron beams at RIKEN RI Beam Factory. The obtained data are compared with the Faddeev calculations based on the modern nucleon–nucleon forces together with the Tucson-Melbourne’99, and UrbanaIX three nucleon forces.
Electron-deuteron scattering in a relativistic theory of hadrons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Phillips, D.
1998-11-01
The author reviews a three-dimensional formalism that provides a systematic way to include relativistic effects including relativistic kinematics, the effects of negative-energy states, and the boosts of the two-body system in calculations of two-body bound-states. He then explains how to construct a conserved current within this relativistic three-dimensional approach. This general theoretical framework is specifically applied to electron-deuteron scattering both in impulse approximation and when the ρπγ meson-exchange current is included. The experimentally-measured quantities A, B, and T 20 are calculated over the kinematic range that is probed in Jefferson Lab experiments. The role of both negative-energy states and meson retardation appears to be small in the region of interest
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gurchin, Yu.V.; Isupov, A.Yu.; Khrenov, A.N.; Kiselev, A.S.; Ladygin, V.P.; Reznikov, S.G.; Vasil'ev, T.A.; Janek, M.; Karachuk, J.T.
2011-01-01
A selection of dp-elastic scattering events at energies of 1.6 and 2.0 GeV by using scintillation counters has been performed. The procedure of the CH 2 -C subtraction has been established. The dependence of the elastic events yield on the filter thickness has been investigated. This method can be used to develop the efficient high-energy deuteron beam polarimetry
Elastic scattering of polarised deuterons from 16O at 200, 400 and 700 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nguyen Van Sen; Ye Yanlin; Arvieux, J.; Gaillard, G.; Bonin, B.; Boudard, A.; Bruge, G.; Lugol, J.C.; Babinet, R.; Antonuk, L.E.; Cameron, J.M.; Lam, S.T.; Neilson, G.C.; Roy, G.; Sheppard, D.M.
1987-01-01
Angular distributions of cross section, and A y and A yy analysing powers were measured for polarised deuteron elastic scattering from 16 O at 200, 400 and 700 MeV. The data at 200 MeV bear evidence of the nuclear rainbow phenomenon while those at 400 and 700 MeV are reminiscent of the proton scattering results at equivalent energies. The data were analysed in terms of the optical model. The real central potential shape changes from an attractive Woods-Saxon form at 200 MeV to a wine-bottle-bottom form with a repulsive interior at 700 MeV. The total reaction cross sections deduced display a clear nuclear transparency effect in the present energy domain in agreement with predictions from the Glauber theory optical limit. Comparison with previous results for 40 Ca and 58 Ni targets is made. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Peter Bosted; M. E. Christy
2007-01-01
An empirical fit is described to measurements of inclusive inelastic electron-deuteron cross sections in the kinematic range of four-momentum transfer 0 (le) Q 2 2 and final state invariant mass 1.2 p of longitudinal to transverse cross sections for the proton, and the assumption R p =R n . The underlying fit parameters describe the average cross section for proton and neutron, with a plane-wave impulse approximation (PWIA) used to fit to the deuteron data. Pseudo-data from MAID 2007 were used to constrain the average nucleon cross sections for W<1.2 GeV. The mean deviation of data from the fit is 3%, with less than 5% of the data points deviating from the fit by more than 10%
Deuteron form factor measurements at low momentum transfers
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Schlimme B. S.
2016-01-01
Full Text Available A precise measurement of the elastic electron-deuteron scattering cross section at four-momentum transfers of 0.24 fm−1 ≤ Q ≤ 2.7 fm−1 has been performed at the Mainz Microtron. In this paper we describe the utilized experimental setup and the necessary analysis procedure to precisely determine the deuteron charge form factor from these data. Finally, the deuteron charge radius rd can be extracted from an extrapolation of that form factor to Q2 = 0.
Correlations among observables in the neutron-deuteron elastic scattering at low energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frederico, T.; Goldman, I.D.
1984-01-01
The 2 S amplitude of the n-d elastic scattering appears like function of the dublet ( 2 a) scattering length in the three nucleons calculations. The correlation of Kcotg 2 δ o with 2 a, with separable N-N potential calculations, is obtained and the result is independent of the N-N potential. The 2 δ o (n-d) values obtained with these lines, using 2 a=.65F (experimental value), agree with p-d data. 2 S and 4 S scattering amplitude and tritium energy (E T ) calculations are performed with the zero-range model and an alternative deduction is proposed. These results for the E T and Kcotg 2 δ o correlation with 2 a show the limitations of this model. (L.C.) [pt
High multipolarity elastic magnetic electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
DeVries, H.; DeWitt-Huberts, P.; Dieperink, A.E.L.; Donnelly, T.W.
1977-01-01
Elastic magnetic electron scattering calculations were performed for 93 Nb and 87 Sr. A comparison is made between proton and neutron radial distributions for a given shell obtained by measurements on odd-proton and odd-neutron nuclei as above in the same region of the periodic table. The experimental data are from previous work in the presented plots of the electron elastic magnetic scattering for strontium 87 as functions of momentum transfer. 5 references
Study of deep inelastic scattering of polarized electrons off polarized deuterons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kuriki, M.
1996-03-01
This thesis describes a 29GeV electron - nucleon scattering experiment carried out at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). Highly polarized electrons are scattered off a polarized ND 3 target. Scattered electrons are detected by two spectrometers located in End Station A (ESA) at angles of 4.5 degrees and 7 degrees with respect to the beam axis. We have measured the spin structure function g 1 of deuteron over the range of 0.029 2 2 . This integral indicates a discrepancy of more than three standard deviations from the prediction of the Ellis-Jaffe sum rule, 0.068±0.005 at Q 2 = 3.0(GeV/c) 2 while our result of g 1 d in good agreement with SMC results. Combined with g 1 of the proton, the measurement of ∫ 0 1 (g 1 d -g 1 n ) is 0.169±0.008. We also obtained the strong coupling constant at Q 2 = 3.0(GeV/c) 2 to be 0.417 -0.110 +0.086 , using the power correction for the sum rule up to third order of α s . This result is in agreement with the strong coupling constant α s (Q 2 ) = 3.0(GeV/c 2 ) obtained from various experiments. Using our deuteron results and the axial vector couplings of hyperon decays, the total quark polarization along the nucleon spin is found to be 0.286±.055, implying that quarks carry only 30% of the nucleon spin. The strange sea quark polarization is also determined to be -0.101 ± .023. These measurements are in agreement with other experiments and provide the world's most precise measurement of these quark polarizations. 80 refs., 151 figs., 23 tabs
Electron-deuteron DIS with spectator tagging at EIC: Development of theoretical framework
Cosyn, W.; Guzey, V.; Sargsian, M.; Strikman, M.; Weiss, C.
2016-03-01
An Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) would enable next-generation measurements of deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) on the deuteron with detection of a forward-moving nucleon (p, n) and measurement of its recoil momentum ("spectator tagging"). Such experiments offer full control of the nuclear configuration during the high-energy process and can be used for precision studies of the neutron's partonic structure and its spin dependence, nuclear modifications of partonic structure, and nuclear shadowing at small x. We review the theoretical description of spectator tagging at EIC energies (light-front nuclear structure, on-shell extrapolation in the recoil nucleon momentum, final-state interactions, diffractive effects at small x) and report about on-going developments.
Electron-deuteron DIS with spectator tagging at EIC: Development of theoretical framework
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cosyn, Wim B. [University of Ghent, Belgium; Guzey, Vadim A. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, 188300, Russia; Sargsian, Misak M. [Florida Intl Univ., Miami, FL (United States); Strikman, Mark M. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Weiss, Christian [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
2016-03-01
An Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) would enable next-generation measurements of deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) on the deuteron with detection of a forward-moving nucleon (p, n) and measurement of its recoil momentum ("spectator tagging''). Such experiments offer full control of the nuclear configuration during the high-energy process and can be used for precision studies of the neutron's partonic structure and its spin dependence, nuclear modifications of partonic structure, and nuclear shadowing at small x. We review the theoretical description of spectator tagging at EIC energies (light-front nuclear structure, on-shell extrapolation in the recoil nucleon momentum, final-state interactions, diffractive effects at small x) and report about on-going developments.
Precessing deuteron polarization
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sitnik, I.M.; Volkov, V.I.; Kirillov, D.A.; Piskunov, N.M.; Plis, Yu.A.
2002-01-01
The feasibility of the acceleration in the Nuclotron of deuterons polarized in the horizontal plane is considered. This horizontal polarization is named precessing polarization. The effects of the main magnetic field and synchrotron oscillations are included. The precessing polarization is supposed to be used in studying the polarization parameters of the elastic dp back-scattering and other experiments
Elastic and inelastic electron and muon scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hand, L.N.
1977-01-01
The current status of experiments in the field of elastic and inelastic electron and muon scattering is discussed. The talk is divided into discussions of the single arm inclusive experiments at SLAC and Fermilab; the multiparticle inclusive experiments at SLAC, Fermilab und Cornell, and a description of selected results from exclusive channel measurements on electroproduced final states. (orig.) [de
Elastic electron scattering and muonic atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sick, I.
1975-01-01
The discussion of elastic electron scattering covers (e,e) at large q, linked to it the investigation of isotone pairs, and experiments concerning the higher multipole moments of the ground state density. The corresponding μ-x-ray work is discussed in parallel
New approach to a global description of the deuteron electromagnetic structure
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dubnickova, A.Z.; Dubnicka, S.
1991-07-01
A new approach to a global description of the deuteron electro-magnetic (EM) structure is developed on the bases of a modification of the well known vector-meson-dominance (VMD) model of EM hadron interactions by incorporating the true deuteron form factor (FF) analytic properties, non-zero vector meson widths and the correct power asymptotic behaviour as predicted by QCD. As a result, the experimental data on elastic electron-deuteron scattering structure functions A(t) and B(t) are described quite well, the deuteron EM FF's in the space-like region are reproduced and their behaviour in the time- like region is predicted. At the same time the couplings of the ω-mesons to deuteron are evaluated and the total cross section of e + e - → dd-bar process is determined for the first time. (author). 47 refs, 5 figs
Plutonium Elastic Moduli, Electron Localization, and Temperature
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Migliori, Albert; Mihut-Stroe, Izabella; Betts, Jon B.
2008-01-01
In almost all materials, compression is accompanied naturally by stiffening. Even in materials with zero or negative thermal expansion, where warming is accompanied by volume contraction it is the volume change that primarily controls elastic stiffness. Not so in the metal plutonium. In plutonium, alloying with gallium can change the sign of thermal expansion, but for the positive thermal- expansion monoclinic phase as well as the face-centered-cubic phase with either sign of thermal expansion, and the orthorhombic phase, recent measurements of elastic moduli show soften on warming by an order of magnitude more than expected, the shear and compressional moduli track, and volume seems irrelevant. These effects point toward a novel mechanism for electron localization, and have important implication for the pressure dependence of the bulk compressibility. (authors)
Petrovici, Alex; Adhikary, Amitava; Kumar, Anil; Sevilla, Michael D.
2015-01-01
Radiation-produced electrons initiate various reaction processes that are important to radiation damage to biomolecules. In this work, the site of attachment of the prehydrated electrons with methylacetoacetate (MAA, CH3-CO-CH2-CO-OCH3) at 77 K and subsequent reactions of the anion radical (CH3-CO•−-CH2-CO-OCH3) in the temperature range (77 to ca. 170 K) have been investigated in homogeneous H2O and D2O aqueous glasses by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. At 77 K, the prehydrated electron attaches to MAA forming the anion radical in which the electron is delocalized over the two carbonyl groups. This species readily protonates to produce the protonated electron adduct radical CH3-C(•)OH-CH2-CO-OCH3. The ESR spectrum of CH3-C(•)OH-CH2-CO-OCH3 in H2O shows line components due to proton hyperfine couplings of the methyl and methylene groups. Whereas, the ESR spectrum of CH3-C(•)OH-CH2-CO-OCH3 in D2O glass shows only the line components due to proton hyperfine couplings of CH3 group. This is expected since the methylen protons in MAA are readily exchangeable in D2O. On stepwise annealing to higher temperatures (ca. 150 to 170 K), CH3-C(•)OH-CH2-CO-OCH3 undergoes bimolecular H-atom abstraction from MAA to form the more stable radical, CH3-CO-CH•-CO-OCH3. Theoretical calculations using density functional theory (DFT) support the radical assignments. PMID:25255751
Precision measurements of g1 of the proton and the deuteron with 6 GeV electrons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Prok, Yelena; Bosted, Peter; Kvaltine, Nicholas; Adhikari, Krishna; Adikaram-Mudiyanselage, Dasuni; Aghasyan, Mher; Amaryan, Moskov; Anderson, Mark; Anefalos Pereira, Sergio; Avagyan, Harutyun; Baghdasaryan, Hovhannes; Ball, Jacques; Baltzell, Nathan; Battaglieri, Marco; Biselli, Angela; Bono, Jason; Briscoe, William; Brock, Joseph; Brooks, William; Bueltmann, Stephen; Burkert, Volker; Carlin, Christopher; Carman, Daniel; Celentano, Andrea; Chandavar, Shloka; Colaneri, Luca; Cole, Philip; Contalbrigo, Marco; Cortes, Olga; Crabb, Donald; Crede, Volker; D' Angelo, Annalisa; Dashyan, Natalya; De Vita, Raffaella; De Sanctis, Enzo; Deur, Alexandre; Djalali, Chaden; Dodge, Gail; Doughty, David; Dupre, Raphael; El Alaoui, Ahmed; El Fassi, Lamiaa; Elouadrhiri, Latifa; Fedotov, Gleb; Fegan, Stuart; Fersch, Robert; Fleming, Jamie; Forest, Tony; Garcon, Michel; Gevorgyan, Nerses; Ghandilyan, Yeranuhi; Gilfoyle, Gerard; Girod-Gard, Francois-Xavier; Giovanetti, Kevin; Goetz, John; Gohn, Wesley; Gothe, Ralf; Griffioen, Keith; Guegan, Baptiste; Guler, Nevzat; Hafidi, Kawtar; Hanretty, Charles; Harrison, Nathan; Hattawy, Mohammad; Hicks, Kenneth; Ho, Dao; Holtrop, Maurik; Ilieva, Yordanka; Ireland, David; Ishkhanov, Boris; Isupov, Evgeny; Jawalkar, Sucheta; Jiang, Xiaodong; Jo, Hyon-Suk; Joo, Kyungseon; Kalantarians, Narbe; Keith, Christopher; Keller, Daniel; Khandaker, Mahbubul; Kim, Andrey; Kim, Wooyoung; Klein, Andreas; Klein, Franz; Koirala, Suman; Kubarovsky, Valery; Kuhn, Sebastian; Kuleshov, Sergey; Lenisa, Paolo; Livingston, Kenneth; Lu, Haiyun; MacGregor, Ian; Markov, Nikolai; Mayer, Michael; McKinnon, Bryan; Meekins, David; Mineeva, Taisiya; Mirazita, Marco; Mokeev, Viktor; Montgomery, Rachel; MOUTARDE, Herve; Movsisyan, Aram; Munevar Espitia, Edwin; Munoz Camacho, Carlos; Nadel-Turonski, Pawel; Niccolai, Silvia; Niculescu, Gabriel; Niculescu, Maria; Osipenko, Mikhail; Ostrovidov, Alexander; Pappalardo, Luciano; Paremuzyan, Rafayel; Park, K; Peng, Peng; Phillips, J J; Pierce, Joshua; Pisano, Silvia; Pogorelko, Oleg; Pozdniakov, Serguei; Price, John; Procureur, Sebastien; Protopopescu, Dan; Puckett, Andrew; Raue, Brian; Rimal, Dipak; Ripani, Marco; Rizzo, Alessandro; Rosner, Guenther; Rossi, Patrizia; Roy, Priyashree; Sabatie, Franck; Saini, Mukesh; Salgado, Carlos; Schott, Diane; Schumacher, Reinhard; Seder, Erin; Sharabian, Youri; Simonyan, Ani; Smith, Claude; Smith, Gregory; Sober, Daniel; Sokhan, Daria; Stepanyan, Stepan; Stepanyan, Samuel; Strakovski, Igor; Strauch, Steffen; Sytnik, Valeriy; Taiuti, Mauro; Tang, Wei; Tkachenko, Svyatoslav; Ungaro, Maurizio; Vernarsky, Brian; Vlasov, Alexander; Voskanyan, Hakob; Voutier, Eric; Walford, Natalie; Watts, Daniel; Weinstein, Lawrence; Zachariou, Nicholas; Zana, Lorenzo; Zhang, Jixie; Zhao, Bo; Zhao, Zhiwen; Zonta, Irene
2014-08-01
The inclusive polarized structure functions of the proton and deuteron, g1p and g1d, were measured with high statistical precision using polarized 6 GeV electrons incident on a polarized ammonia target in Hall B at Jefferson Laboratory. Electrons scattered at lab angles between 18 and 45 degrees were detected using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). For the usual DIS kinematics, Q^2>1 GeV^2 and the final-state invariant mass W>2 GeV, the ratio of polarized to unpolarized structure functions g1/F1 is found to be nearly independent of Q^2 at fixed x. Significant resonant structure is apparent at values of W up to 2.3 GeV. In the framework of perturbative QCD, the high-W results can be used to better constrain the polarization of quarks and gluons in the nucleon, as well as high-twist contributions.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Using the covariant spectator theory and the transversity formalism, the unpolarized, coincidence cross section for deuteron electrodisintegration, d(e,e ' p)n, is studied. The relativistic kinematics are reviewed, and simple theoretical formulas for the relativistic impulse approximation (RIA) are derived and discussed. Numerical predictions for the scattering in the high Q 2 region obtained from the RIA and five other approximations are presented and compared. We conclude that measurements of the unpolarized coincidence cross section and the asymmetry A φ , to an accuracy that will distinguish between different theoretical models, is feasible over most of the wide kinematic range accessible at Jefferson Lab
Medium size polarised deuteron target
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kiselev, Yu.F.; Polyakov, V.V.; Kovalev, A.I.; Bunyatova, E.I.; Borisov, N.S.; Trautman, V.Yu.; Werner, K.; Kozlenko, N.G.
1984-03-01
A frozen polarised deuteron target based on ethanediol with a high percentage of deuterium is described. Analytical expressions for the NMR spectrum correction for non-linearity of the Q-meter are obtained and a method for the determination of the asymmetry is developed. Experimental results confirm the thermal mixing theory for deuteron and proton spin systems with a dipole-dipole reservoir of electron spins.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
T. Alexopoulos; et. al.
2003-12-01
This document outlines the case for a program of electron-deuteron scattering measurements at HERA using the H1 detector. The goals of the e D program are to map the partonic structure of the nucleon at large Q2 and low x, to explore the valence quark distributions at the highest x values, to provide a precise measurement of the strong coupling constant and to investigate the parton recombination phenomena revealed in shadowing and their relationship to diffraction. The importance of these measurements for the understanding of the perturbative and non-perturbative aspects of QCD thought to be responsible for nucleon structure is discussed, as is the significance of the measurements for future experimental programs. Some modifications to both the H1 apparatus and the HERA accelerator are necessary to realize this program; these are presented in the document. Mention is also made of questions that will remain unanswered following the completion of the above program and the potential role of HERA and of H1 in investigating these questions is outlined. Physicists and Institutes interested in supporting this project are asked to inform Max Klein (klein@ifh.de) and Tim Greenshaw (green@hep.ph.liv.ac.uk) that they would like to have their names on the Letter of Intent by Wednesday 30th April 2003.
Nucleon and Deuteron Form Factors from BLAST
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hasell, D. K.
2009-01-01
The BLAST experiment was designed to study in a systematic manner the spin-dependent, electromagnetic interaction on hydrogen and deuterium. Measuring only asymmetries in electron scattering with respect to the beam helicity, target spin, or both; the BLAST experiment was able to extract information on nucleon and deuteron form factors independent of beam intensity or target density. By further forming 'super-ratios' of asymmetries, measurements were possible independent of beam and target polarization thus reducing uncertainties due to these quantities as well. Some of the form factor results from BLAST will be briefly presented here. Also, in response to observed discrepancies between polarization measurements and those obtained using traditional Rosenbluth separation techniques a proposed experiment, OLYMPUS, which will use the BLAST detector to measure the two photon contribution to elastic electron scattering will also be presented.
Analysis of electron elastic scattering at high momentum
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bellicard, J.B.
Limits in the analysis of electron elastic scattering experiments using phenomenological models are recalled. Two new analysis methods (Sick and Negele models) where model dependence is reduced, are developed. Preliminary results on an electron scattering experiment on 58 Ni at high momentum, recently performed at Saclay, are presented [fr
Elastic scattering of electrons by atomic hydrogen
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fon, W.C.
1977-03-01
The three-state (ls-2s-2p) close-coupling calculation of Burke for e-H elastic differential cross-section does not agree with the measurement of Williams at angles below 70 degrees. The discrepancy is attributed to the limited number of partial waves being included in the calculation. However, the present calculation shows that even if the number of partial waves were to be increased to infinitely large, it would not resolve the discrepancy. Polarization of the atom is found to play a dominant role in the forward scattering direction. Using the ls-2p pseudo-state approximation, full polarization has been taken into present calculations, which are in good agreement with the measurements of Williams at energies ranging from 1-200 eV and at almost all angles. At energies above 400 eV, the unitarized Born approximation converges to Born approximation and the simple Born approximation seems to be sufficient to describe the elastic scattering process
Low-energy elastic electron interactions with pyrimidine
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Palihawadana, Prasanga; Sullivan, James; Buckman, Stephen; Brunger, Michael; Winstead, Carl; McKoy, Vincent; Garcia, Gustavo; Blanco, F.
2011-01-01
We present results of measurements and calculations of elastic electron scattering from pyrimidine in the energy range 3-50 eV. Absolute differential and integral elastic cross sections have been measured using a crossed electron-molecule beam spectrometer and the relative flow technique. The measured cross sections are compared with results of calculations using the well-known Schwinger variational technique and an independent-atom model. Agreement between the measured differential cross sections and the results of the Schwinger calculations is good at lower energies but less satisfactory at higher energies where inelastic channels that should be open are kept closed in the calculations.
The 270 MeV deuteron beam polarimeter at the Nuclotron Internal Target Station
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kurilkin, P.K. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Moscow State Institute of Radio-engineering Electronics and Automation (Technical University), Moscow (Russian Federation); Ladygin, V.P., E-mail: vladygin@jinr.ru [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Moscow State Institute of Radio-engineering Electronics and Automation (Technical University), Moscow (Russian Federation); Uesaka, T. [Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Suda, K. [RIKEN Nishina Center, Saitama (Japan); Gurchin, Yu.V.; Isupov, A.Yu. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Itoh, K. [Department of Physics, Saitama University, Saitama (Japan); Janek, M. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Physics Department, University of Zilina, 010 26 Zilina (Slovakia); Karachuk, J.-T. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Advanced Research Institute for Electrical Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Kawabata, T. [Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Khrenov, A.N.; Kiselev, A.S.; Kizka, V.A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Kliman, J. [Institute of Physics of Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava (Slovakia); Krasnov, V.A.; Livanov, A.N. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation); Maeda, Y. [Kyushi University, Hakozaki (Japan); Malakhov, A.I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Matousek, V.; Morhach, M. [Institute of Physics of Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava (Slovakia)
2011-06-21
A deuteron beam polarimeter has been constructed at the Internal Target Station at the Nuclotron of JINR. The polarimeter is based on spin-asymmetry measurements in the d-p elastic scattering at large angles and the deuteron kinetic energy of 270 MeV. It allows to measure vector and tensor components of the deuteron beam polarization simultaneously.
First-principle calculations of structural, electronic, optical, elastic ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
S CHEDDADI
2017-11-28
Nov 28, 2017 ... Abstract. First-principle calculations on the structural, electronic, optical, elastic and thermal properties of the chalcopyrite MgXAs2 (X = Si, Ge) have been performed within the density functional theory (DFT) using the full- potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method. The obtained ...
Effect of hydrostatic pressure on the structural, elastic and electronic ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
In this paper we present the results obtained from first-principles calculations of the effect of hydrostatic pressure on the strucural, elastic and electronic properties of (B3) boron phosphide, using the pseudopotential plane-wave method (PP-PW) based on density functional theory within the Teter and Pade ...
Elastic scattering of neutrinos by electrons and protons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hedin, D.
1985-01-01
Measurements of the cross sections for neutrino and antineutrino elastic scattering by both electrons and protons are presented. These measurements were done at the Brookhaven AGS by the E734 Collaboration (Brookhaven/Brown/KEK/Osaka/Pennsylvania/Stony Brook). These results are then used to determine the weak mixing angle sin 2 theta/sub w/. 6 refs., 3 figs
Nucleon momentum distributions and elastic electron scattering form ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 78; Issue 5 ... The nucleon momentum distributions (NMD) and elastic electron scattering form factors of the ground state for 1p-shell nuclei with = (such as 6Li, 10B, 12C and 14N nuclei) have been calculated in the framework of the coherent density ﬂuctuation ...
Parity Violating Deep Inelastic Electron Scattering from the Deuteron at 6 GeV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pan, Kai [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)
2013-02-01
An experiment that measured the parity violating (PV) asymmetry A_{d} in e-^{2}H deep inelastic scattering (DIS) at Q^{2} ~ 1.10 and 1.90 (GeV/c)^{2} and x_{B} ~ 0.3 was completed in experimental Hall A at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The asymmetry can be used to extract the neutral weak coupling combination (2C_{2u}-C_{2d}), providing a factor of five to six improvement over the current world data. To achieve this precision, asymmetries of the 10^{-4} level needed to be measured at event rates up to 500 kHz with high electron detection efficiency and high pion background rejection capability. A specialized scaler-based counting data acquisition system (DAQ) with hardware-based particle identification was successfully implemented. The statistical quality of the asymmetry measurement agreed with the Gaussian distribution to over five orders of magnitudes and the experimental goal of 3-4% statistical uncertainty was achieved. The design and performance of the new DAQ system is presented with the preliminary asymmetry results given in the end.
Nucleon in nuclei from quasi-elastic electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gerard, A.
1987-04-01
One challenging problem in modern nuclear physics is to understand how the internal structure of the nucleon interferes with the dynamics of nucleons in a nucleus. The purpose of this paper is to review the present status of data in quasi-elastic electron scattering, to connect them with recent theoretical developments and to outline some future directions of research not accessible to present electron facilities
Elastic scattering of low energy electrons by hydrogen molecule
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Freitas, L.C.G.; Mu-Tao, L.; Botelho, L.F.
1987-01-01
The coherent version of the Renormalized Multiple-Centre Potential Model (RMPM) has been extended to treat the elastic scattering of low energy electrons by H2 molecule. The intramolecular Multiple Scattering (MS) effect has also been included. The comparison against the experimental data shows that the inclusion of the MS improves significantly with experiment. The extension of the present method to study electron-polyatomic molecule interaction is also discussed. (author) [pt
Elastic properties and electron transport in InAs nanowires
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Migunov, Vadim
2013-02-22
The electron transport and elastic properties of InAs nanowires grown by chemical vapor deposition on InAs (001) substrate were studied experimentally, in-situ in a transmission electron microscope (TEM). A TEM holder allowing the measurement of a nanoforce while simultaneous imaging nanowire bending was used. Diffraction images from local areas of the wire were recorded to correlate elastic properties with the atomic structure of the nanowires. Another TEM holder allowing the application of electrical bias between the nanowire and an apex of a metallic needle while simultaneous imaging the nanowire in TEM or performing electron holography was used to detect mechanical vibrations in mechanical study or holographical observation of the nanowire inner potential in the electron transport studies. The combination of the scanning probe methods with TEM allows to correlate the measured electric and elastic properties of the nanowires with direct identification of their atomic structure. It was found that the nanowires have different atomic structures and different stacking fault defect densities that impacts critically on the elastic properties and electric transport. The unique methods, that were applied in this work, allowed to obtain dependencies of resistivity and Young's modulus of left angle 111 right angle -oriented InAs nanowires on defect density and diameter. It was found that the higher is the defect density the higher are the resistivity and the Young's modulus. Regarding the resistivity, it was deduced that the stacking faults increase the scattering of the electrons in the nanowire. These findings are consistent with the literature, however, the effect described by the other groups is not so pronounced. This difference can be attributed to the significant incompleteness of the physical models used for the data analysis. Regarding the elastic modulus, there are several mechanisms affecting the elasticity of the nanowires discussed in the thesis. It
Robust parameterization of elastic and absorptive electron atomic scattering factors
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Peng, L.M.; Ren, G.; Dudarev, S.L.; Whelan, M.J.
1996-01-01
A robust algorithm and computer program have been developed for the parameterization of elastic and absorptive electron atomic scattering factors. The algorithm is based on a combined modified simulated-annealing and least-squares method, and the computer program works well for fitting both elastic and absorptive atomic scattering factors with five Gaussians. As an application of this program, the elastic electron atomic scattering factors have been parameterized for all neutral atoms and for s up to 6 A -1 . Error analysis shows that the present results are considerably more accurate than the previous analytical fits in terms of the mean square value of the deviation between the numerical and fitted scattering factors. Parameterization for absorptive atomic scattering factors has been made for 17 important materials with the zinc blende structure over the temperature range 1 to 1000 K, where appropriate, and for temperature ranges for which accurate Debye-Waller factors are available. For other materials, the parameterization of the absorptive electron atomic scattering factors can be made using the program by supplying the atomic number of the element, the Debye-Waller factor and the acceleration voltage. For ions or when more accurate numerical results for neutral atoms are available, the program can read in the numerical values of the elastic scattering factors and return the parameters for both the elastic and absorptive scattering factors. The computer routines developed have been tested both on computer workstations and desktop PC computers, and will be made freely available via electronic mail or on floppy disk upon request. (orig.)
Spin polarization effects in low-energy elastic electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Beerlage, M.J.M.
1982-01-01
This work describes experiments on the role of spin polarization in elastic electron scattering. Chapter I introduces the topic and in chapter II elastic scattering of 10-50 eV electrons from Ar and Kr in the angular range between 40 0 and 110 0 is studied. Noble gases have been chosen as targets in view of their relative theoretical simplicity. Below 25 eV scattered intensities measured by various authors exhibit severe disagreements. However, in the entire energy range, the spin polarization results can reasonably well be used to point out the shortcomings of the available theoretical data. The main topic of chapter III is the first attempt to determine the magnitude of a polarization phenomenon - in elastic electron scattering from the optically active camphor molecule - of which the existence has recently been predicted qualitatively from the absence of parity symmetry in such molecules. Besides these studies on gaseous targets the author has initiated a scattering experiment on crystal surfaces, using spin polarized electrons. Within the framework of this project a large new experimental arrangement has been built up. It consists of a spin polarized electron source and a LEED scattering chamber. Design, construction and test results, showing the usefulness of the set-up, are described in the last chapter. (Auth.)
Small angle elastic scattering of electrons by noble gas atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wagenaar, R.W.
1984-01-01
In this thesis, measurements are carried out to obtain small angle elastic differential cross sections in order to check the validity of Kramers-Kronig dispersion relations for electrons scattered by noble gas atoms. First, total cross sections are obtained for argon, krypton and xenon. Next, a parallel plate electrostatic energy analyser for the simultaneous measurement of doubly differential cross section for small angle electron scattering is described. Also absolute differential cross sections are reported. Finally the forward dispersion relation for electron-helium collisions is dealt with. (Auth.)
Parity-violating elastic electron scattering and nuclear structure
Moreno, O; Moya De Guerra, E; Sarriguren, P; Udas, J M
2010-01-01
Abstract We discuss parity violating elastic electron scattering as a complementary tool in the race for more precise determinations of neutron densities in nuclei. Isovector and isoscalar densities and form factors in N > Z and N = Z stable nuclei are discussed taking 208 Pb and 28 Si as examples. Distorted wave calculations of parity violating asymmetries are shown and are compared to plane wave impulse approximation. The extraction of the ratio between neutron and proton monopole form f...
Structural, elastic, electronic and optical properties of bi-alkali ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
The structural parameters, elastic constants, electronic and optical properties of the bi-alkali antimonides (Na 2 KSb, Na 2 RbSb, Na 2 CsSb, K 2 RbSb, K 2 CsSb and Rb 2 CsSb) were calculated using state-of-the-art density functional theory. Different exchange-correlation potentials were adopted to predict the physical ...
Structural, elastic, electronic and optical properties of bi-alkali ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
The structural parameters, elastic constants, electronic and optical properties of the bi-alkali antimonides (Na2KSb, Na2RbSb, Na2CsSb, K2RbSb, K2CsSb and Rb2CsSb) were calculated using state-of-the-art density functional theory. Different exchange-correlation potentials were adopted to predict the physical properties.
Structural, elastic, electronic and optical properties of bi-alkali
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
The structural parameters, elastic constants, electronic and optical properties of the bi-alkali antimonides (Na 2 KSb, Na 2 RbSb, Na 2 CsSb, K 2 RbSb, K 2 CsSb and Rb 2 CsSb) were calculated using state-of-the-art density functional theory. Different exchange-correlation potentials were adopted to predict the physical ...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alex Petrovici
2014-09-01
Full Text Available Radiation-produced electrons initiate various reaction processes that are important to radiation damage to biomolecules. In this work, the site of attachment of the prehydrated electrons with methyl acetoacetate (MAA, CH3-CO-CH2-COOCH3 at 77 K and subsequent reactions of the anion radical (CH3-CO•−-CH2-COOCH3 in the 77 to ca. 170 K temperature range have been investigated in homogeneous H2O and D2O aqueous glasses by electron spin resonance (ESR spectroscopy. At 77 K, the prehydrated electron attaches to MAA forming the anion radical in which the electron is delocalized over the two carbonyl groups. This species readily protonates to produce the protonated electron adduct radical CH3-C(•OH-CH2-COOCH3. The ESR spectrum of CH3-C(•OH-CH2-COOCH3 in H2O shows line components due to proton hyperfine couplings of the methyl and methylene groups. Whereas, the ESR spectrum of CH3-C(•OH-CH2-COOCH3 in D2O glass shows only the line components due to proton hyperfine couplings of CH3 group. This is expected since the methylene protons in MAA are readily exchangeable in D2O. On stepwise annealing to higher temperatures (ca. 150 to 170 K, CH3-C(•OH-CH2-COOCH3 undergoes bimolecular H-atom abstraction from MAA to form the more stable radical, CH3-CO-CH•-COOCH3. Theoretical calculations using density functional theory (DFT support the radical assignments.
Petrovici, Alex; Adhikary, Amitava; Kumar, Anil; Sevilla, Michael D
2014-09-01
Radiation-produced electrons initiate various reaction processes that are important to radiation damage to biomolecules. In this work, the site of attachment of the prehydrated electrons with methyl acetoacetate (MAA, CH3-CO-CH2-COOCH3) at 77 K and subsequent reactions of the anion radical (CH3-CO•--CH2-COOCH3) in the 77 to ca. 170 K temperature range have been investigated in homogeneous H2O and D2O aqueous glasses by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. At 77 K, the prehydrated electron attaches to MAA forming the anion radical in which the electron is delocalized over the two carbonyl groups. This species readily protonates to produce the protonated electron adduct radical CH3-C(•)OH-CH2-COOCH3. The ESR spectrum of CH3-C(•)OH-CH2-COOCH3 in H2O shows line components due to proton hyperfine couplings of the methyl and methylene groups. Whereas, the ESR spectrum of CH3-C(•)OH-CH2-COOCH3 in D2O glass shows only the line components due to proton hyperfine couplings of CH3 group. This is expected since the methylene protons in MAA are readily exchangeable in D2O. On stepwise annealing to higher temperatures (ca. 150 to 170 K), CH3-C(•)OH-CH2-COOCH3 undergoes bimolecular H-atom abstraction from MAA to form the more stable radical, CH3-CO-CH•-COOCH3. Theoretical calculations using density functional theory (DFT) support the radical assignments.
Elastic electron scattering from the DNA bases cytosine and thymine
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Colyer, C. J.; Bellm, S. M.; Lohmann, B.; Blanco, F.; Garcia, G.
2011-01-01
Cross-section data for electron scattering from biologically relevant molecules are important for the modeling of energy deposition in living tissue. Relative elastic differential cross sections have been measured for cytosine and thymine using the crossed-beam method. These measurements have been performed for six discrete electron energies between 60 and 500 eV and for detection angles between 15 deg. and 130 deg. Calculations have been performed via the screen-corrected additivity rule method and are in good agreement with the present experiment.
A medium size polarised deuteron target
Kiselev, Yu. F.; Polyakov, V. V.; Kovalev, A. I.; Bunyatova, E. I.; Borisov, N. S.; Trautman, V. Yu.; Werner, K.; Kozlenko, N. G.
1984-03-01
A frozen polarised deuteron target based on ethanediol with a high percentage of deuterium is described. Analytical expressions for the NMR spectrum correction for non-linearity of the Q-meter are obtained and a method for the determination of the asymmetry is developed. Experimental results confirm the thermal mixing theory for deuteron and proton spin systems with a dipole-dipole reservoir of electron spins.
Electron and positron atomic elastic scattering cross sections
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Stepanek, Jiri
2003-01-01
A method was developed to calculate the total and differential elastic-scattering cross sections for incident electrons and positrons in the energy range from 0.01 eV to 1 MeV for atoms of Z=1-100. For electrons, hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, oxygen, krypton, and xenon, and for positrons, helium, neon, and argon atoms were considered for comparison with experimental data. First, the variationally optimized atomic static potentials were calculated for each atom by solving the Dirac equations for bound electron states. Second, the Dirac equations for a free electron or positron are solved for an atom using the previously calculated static potential accomplished (in the case of electrons) by 'adjusted' Hara's exchange potential for a free-state particle. Additional to the exchange effects, the charge cloud polarization effects are considered applying the correlation-polarization potential of O'Connell and Lane (with correction of Padial and Norcross) for incident electrons, and of Jain for incident positrons. The total, cutoff and differential elastic-scattering cross sections are calculated for incident electrons and positrons with the help of the relativistic partial wave analysis. The solid state effects for scattering in solids are described by means of a muffin-tin model, i.e. the potentials of neighboring atoms are superpositioned in such a way that the resulting potential and its derivative are zero in the middle distance between the atoms. The potential of isolated atom is calculated up to the radius at which the long-range polarization potential becomes a value of -10 -8
Huygens-Fresnel picture for electron-molecule elastic scattering★
Baltenkov, Arkadiy S.; Msezane, Alfred Z.
2017-11-01
The elastic scattering cross sections for a slow electron by C2 and H2 molecules have been calculated within the framework of the non-overlapping atomic potential model. For the amplitudes of the multiple electron scattering by a target the wave function of the molecular continuum is represented as a combination of a plane wave and two spherical waves generated by the centers of atomic spheres. This wave function obeys the Huygens-Fresnel principle according to which the electron wave scattering by a system of two centers is accompanied by generation of two spherical waves; their interaction creates a diffraction pattern far from the target. Each of the Huygens waves, in turn, is a superposition of the partial spherical waves with different orbital angular momenta l and their projections m. The amplitudes of these partial waves are defined by the corresponding phases of electron elastic scattering by an isolated atomic potential. In numerical calculations the s- and p-phase shifts are taken into account. So the number of interfering electron waves is equal to eight: two of which are the s-type waves and the remaining six waves are of the p-type with different m values. The calculation of the scattering amplitudes in closed form (rather than in the form of S-matrix expansion) is reduced to solving a system of eight inhomogeneous algebraic equations. The differential and total cross sections of electron scattering by fixed-in-space molecules and randomly oriented ones have been calculated as well. We conclude by discussing the special features of the S-matrix method for the case of arbitrary non-spherical potentials. Contribution to the Topical Issue "Low energy positron and electron interactions", edited by James Sullivan, Ron White, Michael Bromley, Ilya Fabrikant, and David Cassidy.
Electromagnetic structure of the deuteron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gilman, R.; Gross, Franz
2001-01-01
Recent measurements of the deuteron electromagnetic structure functions A, B, and T 20 extracted from high energy elastic ed scattering, and the cross sections and asymmetries extracted from high energy photodisintegration gamma + d to n + p, are reviewed and compared to theory. The theoretical calculations range from nonrelativistic and relativistic models using the traditional meson and baryon degrees of freedom, to effective field theories, to models based on the underlying quark and gluon degrees of freedom of QCD, including nonperturbative quark cluster models and perturbative QCD. We review what has been learned from these experiments, and discuss why elastic ed scattering and photodisintegration seem to require very different theoretical approaches, even though they are closely related experimentally
Exclusive scattering off the deuteron
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Amrath, D.
2007-12-15
Exclusive processes are a special class of processes giving insight into the inner structure of hadrons. In this thesis we consider two exclusive processes and compute their total cross sections as well as the beam charge and beam polarization asymmetries for different kinematical constraints. These calculations o er the opportunity to get access to the nonperturbative GPDs. Theoretically they can be described with the help of models. The rst process we investigate contains a GPD of the pion, which is basically unknown so far. We include different models and make predictions for observables that could in principle be measured at HERMES at DESY and CLAS at JLab. The second process we consider is electron-deuteron scattering in the kinematical range where the deuteron breaks up into a proton and a neutron. This can be used to investigate the neutron, which cannot be taken as a target due to its lifetime of approximately 15 minutes. For the calculation of the electron-deuteron cross section we implement models for the proton and neutron GPDs. Once there are experimental data available our calculations are ready for comparison. (orig.)
Elastic Electron Scattering from Tritium and Helium-3
Collard, H.; Hofstadter, R.; Hughes, E. B.; Johansson, A.; Yearian, M. R.; Day, R. B.; Wagner, R. T.
1964-10-01
The mirror nuclei of tritium and helium-3 have been studied by the method of elastic electron scattering. Absolute cross sections have been measured for incident electron energies in the range 110 - 690 MeV at scattering angles lying between 40 degrees and 135 degrees in this energy range. The data have been interpreted in a straightforward manner and form factors are given for the distributions of charge and magnetic moment in the two nuclei over a range of four-momentum transfer squared 1.0 - 8.0 F{sup -2}. Model-independent radii of the charge and magnetic moment distributions are given and an attempt is made to deduce form factors describing the spatial distribution of the protons in tritium and helium-3.
Stability, elastic properties, and electronic structure of germanane nanoribbons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dong, Shan; Chen, Chang-Qing
2015-01-01
The stability, elastic properties, and electronic structure of germanane nanoribbons (GeNRs) are studied from first-principles calculations. When using atomic H as the hydrogen source, a germanane monolayer spontaneously breaks into ribbons. GeNRs can be easily stretched due to their small in-plane stiffness, suggesting that it is feasible to modulate their properties by strain. All GeNRs show direct band gaps at the Γ point when external strain is zero, with the gap value decreasing with increasing ribbon width. When axial tensile strain is applied, the band gap decreases, and a direct-to-indirect gap transition occurs. The transition can be attributed to different deformation potentials of different states in the valence band. These results suggest potential applications of GeNRs in the fields of pressure sensors and tunable optical electronics. (paper)
Parity Violation in Forward Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Miller, IV, Grady Wilson [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
2001-01-01
We have measured the parity-violating electroweak asymmetry in the elastic scattering of polarized electrons from the proton at Jefferson Laboratory. The kinematic point (θ_{lab} = 12.3 deg. and (Q^{2}) = 0.48 (GeV/c)^{2}) is chosen to provide sensitivity to the strange electric form factor G^{s}_{E}. A 3.36 GeV beam of longitudinally polarized electrons was scattered from protons in a liquid hydrogen target. The scattered flux was detected by a pair of spectrometers which focussed the elastically-scattered electrons onto total-absorption detectors. The detector signals were integrated and digitized by a custom data acquisition system. A feedback system reduced systematic errors by controlling helicity-correlated beam intensity differences at the sub-ppm (part per million) level. The experimental result, A = 14.5 +/- 2.0 (stat) ± 1.1 (syst) ppm, is consistent with the electroweak Standard Model with no additional contributions from strange quarks. In particular, the measurement implies G^{S}_{E} + 0.39 G^{s}_{M} = 0.023 ± 0.040 ± 0.026 (ζG^{n}_{E}), where the last uncertainty is due to the estimated uncertainty in the neutron electric form factor G^{n}_{E} . This result represents the first experimental constraint of the strange electric form factor.
Proton and neutron densities from elastic electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frois, B.
1979-01-01
Elastic electron scattering has now determined extremely fine details of the shape of the nuclear groound state. The combination of (e,e) and muonic X-rays data are giving informations that are among the most precise on nuclear structure. This enables to see all the limitations of existing theories. However, we begin to have a very coherent description of nuclei with the self consistent field theories to a few percent. A very significant progress has been achieved with the calculations of RPA correlations in the round state in a self consistent way. Only recent experiments (on medium and heavy nuclei) of some significance for the understanding of the structure of the nucleus are reviewed
Elastic electron scattering from the DNA bases: cytosine and thymine
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Colyer, C J; Bellm, S M; Lohmanny, B; Blanco, F; Garcia, G
2012-01-01
Relative elastic differential cross sections for elastic scattering from cytosine and thymine have been measured using the crossed beam method. The experimental data are compared with theoretical cross sections calculated by the screen corrected additivity rule method.
Nuclear isospin mixing and elastic parity-violating electron scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Moreno, O. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Sarriguren, P. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: sarriguren@iem.cfmac.csic.es; Moya de Guerra, E.; Udias, J.M. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Donnelly, T.W. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Sick, I. [Departement fuer Physik, Universitaet Basel, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)
2009-09-15
The influence of nuclear isospin mixing on parity-violating elastic electron scattering is studied for the even-even, N=Z nuclei {sup 12}C, {sup 24}Mg, {sup 28}Si, and {sup 32}S. Their ground-state wave functions have been obtained using a self-consistent axially-symmetric mean-field approximation with density-dependent effective two-body Skyrme interactions. Some differences from previous shell-model calculations appear for the isovector Coulomb form factors which play a role in determining the parity-violating asymmetry. To gain an understanding of how these differences arise, the results have been expanded in a spherical harmonic oscillator basis. Results are obtained not only within the plane-wave Born approximation, but also using the distorted-wave Born approximation for comparison with potential future experimental studies of parity-violating electron scattering. To this end, for each nucleus the focus is placed on kinematic ranges where the signal (isospin-mixing effects on the parity-violating asymmetry) and the experimental figure-of-merit are maximized. Strangeness contributions to the asymmetry are also briefly discussed, since they and the isospin mixing contributions may play comparable roles for the nuclei being studied at the low momentum transfers of interest in the present work.
Nuclear isospin mixing and elastic parity-violating electron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Moreno, O.; Sarriguren, P.; Moya de Guerra, E.; Udias, J.M.; Donnelly, T.W.; Sick, I.
2009-01-01
The influence of nuclear isospin mixing on parity-violating elastic electron scattering is studied for the even-even, N=Z nuclei 12 C, 24 Mg, 28 Si, and 32 S. Their ground-state wave functions have been obtained using a self-consistent axially-symmetric mean-field approximation with density-dependent effective two-body Skyrme interactions. Some differences from previous shell-model calculations appear for the isovector Coulomb form factors which play a role in determining the parity-violating asymmetry. To gain an understanding of how these differences arise, the results have been expanded in a spherical harmonic oscillator basis. Results are obtained not only within the plane-wave Born approximation, but also using the distorted-wave Born approximation for comparison with potential future experimental studies of parity-violating electron scattering. To this end, for each nucleus the focus is placed on kinematic ranges where the signal (isospin-mixing effects on the parity-violating asymmetry) and the experimental figure-of-merit are maximized. Strangeness contributions to the asymmetry are also briefly discussed, since they and the isospin mixing contributions may play comparable roles for the nuclei being studied at the low momentum transfers of interest in the present work.
Measurements of the deuteron and proton magnetic form factors at large momentum transfers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bosted, P.E.; Katramatou, A.T.; Arnold, R.G.; Benton, D.; Clogher, L.; DeChambrier, G.; Lambert, J.; Lung, A.; Petratos, G.G.; Rahbar, A.; Rock, S.E.; Szalata, Z.M.; Debebe, B.; Frodyma, M.; Hicks, R.S.; Hotta, A.; Peterson, G.A.; Gearhart, R.A.; Alster, J.; Lichtenstadt, J.; Dietrich, F.; van Bibber, K.
1990-01-01
Measurements of the deuteron elastic magnetic structure function B(Q 2 ) are reported at squared four-momentum transfer values 1.20≤Q 2 ≤2.77 (GeV/c) 2 . Also reported are values for the proton magnetic form factor G Mp (Q 2 ) at 11 Q 2 values between 0.49 and 1.75 (GeV/c) 2 . The data were obtained using an electron beam of 0.5 to 1.3 GeV. Electrons backscattered near 180 degree were detected in coincidence with deuterons or protons recoiling near 0 degree in a large solid-angle double-arm spectrometer system. The data for B(Q 2 ) are found to decrease rapidly from Q 2 =1.2 to 2 (GeV/c) 2 , and then rise to a secondary maximum around Q 2 =2.5 (GeV/c) 2 . Reasonable agreement is found with several different models, including those in the relativistic impulse approximation, nonrelativistic calculations that include meson-exchange currents, isobar configurations, and six-quark configurations, and one calculation based on the Skyrme model. All calculations are very sensitive to the choice of deuteron wave function and nucleon form factor parametrization. The data for G Mp (Q 2 ) are in good agreement with the empirical dipole fit
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jablonskiz, A.; Salvatz, F.; Powellz, C.J.
2004-01-01
Inelastic mean free paths (IMFPs) of electrons with energies between 100 eV and 5,000 eV have been frequently obtained from measurements of elastic-backscattering probabilities for different specimen materials. A calculation of these probabilities is also required to determine IMFPs. We report calculations of elastic-backscattering probabilities for gold at energies of 100 eV and 500 eV with differential elastic-scattering cross sections obtained from the Thomas-Fermi-Dirac potential and the more reliable Dirac-Hartree-Fock potential. For two representative experimental configurations, the average deviation between IMFPs obtained with cross sections from the two potentials was 11.4 %. (author)
Deuteron diffractive dissociation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Antunes, A.C.B.; Caruso, F.
1984-01-01
Deuteron diffractive dissociation is studied in the framework of the Three Components Deck Model. The applicability of this model to light nuclei diffractive dissociation is assumed. The existence of a slope-mass-cos theta correlation is pointed out. The relevant distributions are obtained. (Author) [pt
Influence of surface topography on elastically backscattered electrons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ding, X; Da, B; Gong, J B; Ding, Z J; Mao, S F
2014-01-01
A Monte Carlo simulation, taking into account of the detailed surface roughness of a realistic solid sample, has been performed to study the surface topography influence on elastic peak intensity. To describe quantitatively the surface topography effect, here we introduce surface roughness parameter (SRP) according to the ratio of elastic peak intensities between a rough surface and an ideal planar surface. Simulation results for Al sample have shown that SRP varies with surface roughness particularly at large incidence/emission angles
Deuteron interaction with 124Sn nuclei at sub-barrier energies
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yu.N. Pavlenko
2015-04-01
Full Text Available The measurements of cross sections for deuteron elastic scattering and (d,p reaction on 124Sn nuclei have been performed with aim to study the features of sub-barrier deuteron interaction with heavy nuclei. Experimental data were obtained on the electrostatic Tandem accelerator EGP-10K of the Institute for Nuclear Research (Kyiv at the deuteron beam energies Ed = 4.0; 5.0 and 5.5 MeV. Cross sections of deuteron elastic scattering were calculated in approach where the deuteron interaction potential with heavy nuclei at sub-barrier energies has been constructed in the framework of single folding model using the complex dynamic polarization potential. It is shown that the account of finite deuteron size leads to the increasing the nuclear potential in outer region of interaction and significantly improves the description of the experimental data. The calculations of elastic scattering cross sections were performed without any variations of the nuclear potential parameters. The analysis of measured integral cross sections of the 124Sn(d,p reaction and calculated cross sections of deuteron breakup reaction 124Sn(d,pn124Sn shows the dominant contribution of the neutron transfer reaction in the processes of the formation of protons and elastic scattering cross sections.
ZZ ELAST2, Database of Cross Sections for the Elastic Scattering of Electrons and Positrons by Atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
2002-01-01
1 - Historical background and information: This database is an extension of the earlier database, 'Elastic Scattering of Electrons and Positrons by Atoms: Database ELAST', Report NISTIR 5188, 1993. Cross sections for the elastic scattering of electrons and positrons by atoms were calculated at energies from 1 KeV to 100 MeV. Up to 10 MeV the RELEL code of Riley was used. Above 10 MeV the ELSCAT code was used, which calculated the factored cross sections and evaluates the screening factor Kscr in WKB approximation. 2 - Application of the data: This database was developed to provide input for the transport codes, such as ETRAN, and includes differential cross sections, the total cross section, and the transport cross sections. In addition, a code TRANSX is provided that generates transport cross section of arbitrary order needed as input for the calculation of Goudsmit-Saunderson multiple-scattering angular distribution 3 - Source and scope of data: The database includes cross sections at 61 energies for electrons and 41 energies from positrons, covering the energy region from 1 KeV to 100 MeV. The number of deflection angles included in the database is 314 angles. Total and transport cross sections are also included in this package. The data files have an extension (jjj) that represents the atomic number of the target atom. The database includes auxiliary data files that enable the ELASTIC code to include the following optional modifications: (i) the inclusion of the exchange correction for electrons scattering; (ii) the conversion of the cross sections for scattering by free atoms to cross sections for scattering by atoms in solids; (iii) ti reduction of the cross sections at large angles and at high energies when the nucleus is treated as an extended rather than a point charge
On the proton exchange contribution to electron-hydrogen atom elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mignaco, J.A.; Tort, A.C.
1979-05-01
It is shown that the exchange contribution to the electron-proton potential Born term in elastic electron-hydrogen atom scattering arises as the non relativistic limit from the exchange of a proton between the two participant electrons - calculated from quantum electrodynamics including properly bound states (as solution of Bethe - Salpeter equation). (Author) [pt
Monte Carlo simulation of elastic and inelastic scattering of electrons in thin films
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Desalvo, A.; Parisini, A.; Rosa, R.
1984-01-01
A Monte Carlo computer program which takes into account both elastic and inelastic scattering of electrons has been set up, and is limited to valence electron losses. These are described through three models. Calculations were performed for 100 keV electrons in silicon, with thickness varying from 850 to 2550 A, i.e. from 1 to 3 total mean free paths. (author)
Structural, elastic, electronic and optical properties of bi-alkali ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
and efficient method for the calculation of the ground-state properties of materials [22 ... Murnaghan equation of state [28]. The optimization curves for the compounds are shown in figure 2. In the ground state, a (Å), B (GPa) and Bo are evaluated. The calculated ... the cubic structure only three elastic constants are required.
First-principle calculations of structural, electronic, optical, elastic ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
S CHEDDADI
2017-11-28
Nov 28, 2017 ... The predicted band gaps using the modified Becke–Johnson. (mBJ) exchange approximation are in fairly good agreement with the experimental data. The optical constants such as the dielectric function, refractive index, and the extinction coefficient are calculated and analysed. The independent elastic ...
Particle interaction with the deuteron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rosa, L.P.
1974-09-01
A study of the particle deuteron interactions at low, intermediate and high energies is presented. The differential cross section for pion deuteron scattering, near the 33 resonance, is calculated considering the Fermi motion and the off energy shell effects. We present formulae for the calculation of correction to the incoherent production cross section on deuteron arising from the multiple scattering and interference; we apply them to the case K + → K 0 π + between 1. and 5 Gev/c. is introduced. A relativistic correction to the double scattering Glauber formula and is done an application to the rho photoproduction on deuteron at high energies
Past, present and future polarization experiments with deuterons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Punjabi, V.; Perdrisat, C.F.
1996-01-01
Recent experimental data for the inclusive breakup reaction A(d, p)X, with emphasis on 1 H(d, p)X, and the backward elastic scattering reaction dp → pd are discussed. There is now a fairly complete data base for these reactions, with measurements of the differential cross section, the tensor analyzing power T 20 and the deuteron to proton polarization transfer k 0 . The relevance of these reactions to the study of the short range properties of the deuteron is estimated [ru
Effects of elastic and inelastic scattering in giving electrons tortuous paths in matter.
Turner, J E; Hamm, R N
1995-09-01
Heavy charged particles travel in essentially straight lines in matter, while electrons travel in tortuous paths. Frequent multiple elastic Coulomb scattering by atomic nuclei is often cited as the reason for this electron behavior. Heavy charged particles also undergo multiple Coulomb scattering. However, because they are massive, significant deflections occur only in rare, close encounters with nuclei. In contrast to heavy particles, the inelastic interaction of an electron with an atomic electron represents a collision with a particle of equal mass. In principle, therefore, repeated inelastic scattering of an electron can also produce large-angle deflections and thus contribute to the tortuous nature of an electron's track. To investigate the relative importance of elastic and inelastic scattering on determining the appearance of electron tracks, detailed Monte Carlo transport computations have been carried out for monoenergetic pencil beams of electrons normally incident on a water slab with initial energies from 1 keV to 1 MeV. The calculations have been performed with deflections due to (1) inelastic scattering only, (2) elastic scattering only, and (3) both types of scattering. Results are presented to show the spreading of the pencil beams with depth in the slab, the transmission through slabs of different thicknesses, and back-scattering from the slab. The results show that elastic nuclear scattering is indeed the principal physical process that causes electron paths to be tortuous; however, the smaller effect of inelastic electronic scattering is far from negligible.
Elastic and absorption cross sections for electron-hydroxyl radical collisions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sobrinho, A.M.C.; Lozano, N.B.H.; Lee, M.-T.
2004-01-01
In this work, we report a theoretical study on electron collisions with OH radicals in the low and intermediate energy ranges. Calculated elastic differential, integral, and momentum-transfer cross sections as well as grand-total (elastic + inelastic) and total absorption cross sections for electron-OH collisions are reported in the 1-500-eV range. A complex optical potential composed by static, exchange, correlation-polarization plus absorption contributions, derived from a fully molecular wave function, is used to describe the interaction dynamics. The Schwinger variational iterative method combined with the distorted-wave approximation is applied to calculate scattering amplitudes. Present calculated results are compared with the existing data for electron-OH scattering in the literature. Also, comparison made between our calculated cross sections for elastic scattering with the theoretical and experimental results for electron-H 2 O collisions has revealed remarkable similarity even at incident energies as low as 2 eV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Babenko, V. A.; Petrov, N. M.
2008-01-01
The correlation between the root-mean-square matter radius of the deuteron, r m , and its effective radius, ρ, is investigated. A parabolic relationship between these two quantities makes it possible to determine the root-mean-square radius r m to within 0.01% if the effective radius ρ is known. The matter (r m ), structural (r d ), and charge (r ch ) radii of the deuteron are found with the aid of modern experimental results for phase shifts from the SAID nucleon-nucleon database, and their values are fully consistent with their counterparts deduced by using the experimental value of the effective deuteron radius due to Borbely and his coauthors. The charge-radius value of 2.124(6) fm, which was obtained with the aid of the SAID nucleon-nucleon database, and the charge-radius value of 2.126(12) fm, which was obtained with the aid of the experimental value of the effective radius ρ, are in very good agreement with the present-day chargeradius value of 2.128(11) fm, which was deduced by Sick and Trautmann by processing world-average experimental data on elastic electron scattering by deuterons with allowance for Coulomb distortions.
Study of the electrons elastic scattering by atoms through pseudopotentials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bettega, M.H.F.
1990-01-01
Pseudopotentials allow an extraordinary simplification in the calculation of the electronic structure of atoms, molecules and crystals. Though they have been used extensively for electronic structure calculations, little is known of their applicability to scattering. A study of the pseudopotentials of Bachelet, Hamann and Schuter in the electron scattering by atoms was made, calculating phase-shifts and cross sections for angular momenta 1=0,1 and 2 and energy up to 5 R y. The results for the pseudopotential were compared all-electron calculations. The agreement is very good in a broad energy band. A simplification of the calculation of scattering by complex molecules where an all-electron calculation is impossible is aimed. (author)
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Werner, W. S. M.; Zemek, Josef; Jiříček, Petr
2010-01-01
Roč. 82, č. 15 (2010), 155422/1-155422/6 ISSN 1098-0121 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA202/09/0428 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521 Keywords : inelastic electron scattering * elastic electron scattering * reflection electron energy loss spectroscopy * REELS Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.772, year: 2010
The dispersion relation for the forward elastic electron-atom scattering amplitude
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amusia, M.Y.
1978-01-01
The analytical properties of forward elastic electron-atom scattering amplitude are discussed. It is noted that the occurrence of exchange between the incoming and atomic electrons leads to the appearance of a number of singularities on the negative real axis in the complex energy plane. The conclusion is drawn that the dispersion relation for the forward electron-atom scattering amplitude should also include an integration over the negative energy from - I to - infinity, where I is the ionization potential. (author)
Measurement of recoil photon polarisation in the electron-proton elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buon, Jean
1965-02-01
This research thesis reports and discusses an experiment which aimed at checking the validity of the Born approximation at the first order in the elastic scattering of high energy electrons on protons. In this experiment, the recoil proton polarisation is measured in an elastic scattering of electrons with energy of 950 MeV and scattering at about 90 degrees in the mass centre system. The author describes the experimental installation, its operation and data collection, reports the analysis of photos and polarisation calculations and errors [fr
Two-Photon-Exchange Correction to Parity-Violating Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andrei Afanasev; Carl Carlson
2005-02-01
Higher-order QED effects play an important role in precision measurements of nucleon elastic form factors in electron scattering. Here we introduce a two-photon exchange QED correction to the parity-violating polarization asymmetry of elastic electron-proton scattering. We calculate this correction in the parton model using the formalism of generalized parton distributions, and demonstrate that it can reach several per cent in certain kinematics, becoming comparable in size with existing experimental measurements of strange-quark effects in the proton neutral weak current.
Deuteron nuclear interaction potential with heavy nuclei in single folding model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
O. V. Babak
2013-09-01
Full Text Available Deuteron interaction potential with heavy nuclei at sub-barrier energies has been constructed in the frame-work of single folding model using the complex dynamic polarization potential. It is shown that the account of finite deuteron size leads to significant increasing of nuclear potential in outer region of interaction. Cross sec-tions of deuteron elastic scattering on 208Pb at energy 7, 7.3 and 8 MeV were calculated and compared with ex-periment data. Calculations were performed without any variations of parameters.
Hybrid Theory of Electron-Hydrogenic Systems Elastic Scattering
Bhatia, A. K.
2007-01-01
Accurate electron-hydrogen and electron-hydrogenic cross sections are required to interpret fusion experiments, laboratory plasma physics and properties of the solar and astrophysical plasmas. We have developed a method in which the short-range and long-range correlations can be included at the same time in the scattering equations. The phase shifts have rigorous lower bounds and the scattering lengths have rigorous upper bounds. The phase shifts in the resonance region can be used to calculate very accurately the resonance parameters.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fatima, Bushra, E-mail: bushrafatima25@gmail.com; Acharya, Nikita; Sanyal, Sankar P. [Department of Physics, Barkatullah University, Bhopal, 462026 (India)
2016-05-06
The structural stability, electronic structure, elastic and mechanical properties of TiZn and ZrZn intermetallics have been studied using ab-initio full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within generalized gradient approximation for exchange and correlation potentials. The various structural parameters, such as lattice constant (a{sub 0}), bulk modulus (B), and its pressure derivative (B’) are analysed and compared. The investigation of elastic constants affirm that both TiZn and ZrZn are elastically stable in CsCl (B{sub 2} phase) structure. The electronic structures have been analysed quantitatively from the band structure which reveals the metallic nature of these compounds. To better illustrate the nature of bonding and charge transfer, we have also studied the Fermi surfaces. The three well known criterion of ductility namely Pugh’s rule, Cauchy’s pressure and Frantsevich rule elucidate the ductile nature of these compounds.
Time dependent Hartree-Fock treatment of elastic scattering of electrons by H and He/+/.
Jamieson, M. J.
1972-01-01
Time dependent Hartree-Fock theory, in its coupled and uncoupled forms, is used to calculate the elastic singlet p-wave phase shifts for the scattering of electrons by H and He/+/. On comparison with the best available results it is concluded that the coupled scheme, which contains correlation to at least first order, is superior. Levinson's theorem is confirmed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kern, F.; Wolf, D.; Pschera, P.; Lubk, A.
2016-12-15
Off-axis electron holography is a well-established transmission electron microscopy technique, typically employed to investigate electric and magnetic fields in and around nanoscale materials, which modify the phase of the reconstructed electron wave function. Here, we elaborate on a detailed analysis of the two characteristic intensity terms that are completing the electron hologram, the conventional image intensity and the interference fringe intensity. We show how both are related to elastic and inelastic scattering absorption at the sample and how they may be separated to analyze the chemical composition of the sample. Since scattering absorption is aperture dependent, a quantitative determination of the corresponding attenuation coefficients (reciprocal mean free path lengths) requires the use of holographic image modi with well-defined objective aperture stops in the back-focal plane of the objective lens. The proposed method extends quantitative electron holography to a correlated three-in-one characterization of electric and magnetic fields, Z-contrast and dielectric losses in materials. - Highlights: • Quantitative determination of attenuation coefficients by electron holography. • Separation of elastic and inelastic attenuation coefficients (mean free path length). • Quantitative determination of the objective aperture semi-angle influence. • Compilation of elastic and inelastic attenuation from different materials.
Ab-initio study of electronic structure and elastic properties of ZrC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mund, H. S., E-mail: hmoond@gmail.com; Ahuja, B. L. [Department of Physics, University College of Science, M. L. Sukhadia University, Udaipur, Rajasthan313001 (India)
2016-05-23
The electronic and elastic properties of ZrC have been investigated using the linear combination of atomic orbitals method within the framework of density functional theory. Different exchange-correlation functionals are taken into account within generalized gradient approximation. We have computed energy bands, density of states, elastic constants, bulk modulus, shear modulus, Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio, lattice parameters and pressure derivative of the bulk modulus by calculating ground state energy of the rock salt structure type ZrC.
Limão-Vieira, P.; Horie, M.; Kato, H.; Hoshino, M.; Blanco, F.; García, G.; Buckman, S. J.; Tanaka, H.
2011-12-01
We report absolute elastic differential, integral and momentum transfer cross sections for electron interactions with CCl4. The incident electron energy range is 1.5-100 eV, and the scattered electron angular range for the differential measurements varies from 15°-130°. The absolute scale of the differential cross section was set using the relative flow technique with helium as the reference species. Comparison with previous total cross sections shows good agreement. Atomic-like behaviour in this scattering system is shown here for the first time, and is further investigated by comparing the CCl4 elastic cross sections to recent results on the halomethanes and atomic chlorine at higher impact energies [H. Kato, T. Asahina, H. Masui, M. Hoshino, H. Tanaka, H. Cho, O. Ingólfsson, F. Blanco, G. Garcia, S. J. Buckman, and M. J. Brunger, J. Chem. Phys. 132, 074309 (2010)], 10.1063/1.3319761.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Briquet, Ludovic G.V.; Philipp, Patrick
2013-01-01
Highlights: ► Full electronic structure description. ► Elastic properties. ► Phonon band structure and DOS. ► Analysis of vibration modes. -- Abstract: Interest in tungsten disilicide is growing due to its use as protective coatings and non-volatile memory devices but fundamental investigations on tungsten disilicide vibrational properties are lacking in literature. In particular, the phonon vibration modes have never been described. This paper presents a first-principles investigation of the vibrational properties of WSi 2 crystals. The elastic and electronic properties are considered as well. First, the electron band structure is computed. Extra electronic levels for the valence electrons as compared to previously published results are found, highlighting the need for state-of-the-art DFT calculations. It is shown that the ionicity plays only a little role in the W–Si bonding. Instead, a strong degree of covalency is found. The elastic constants are computed in good agreement with the available experimental data. The complete phonon density of state as well as band structure are presented and all vibration modes are described. The phonon vibrations are also correlated to IR and Raman investigations available in the literature
Structural, elastic, electronic and optical properties of CsMCl{sub 3} (M=Zn, Cd)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hayatullah [Materials Modeling Lab, Hazara University, Mansehra (Pakistan); Murtaza, G., E-mail: murtaza@icp.edu.pk [Materials Modeling Lab, Department of Physics, Islamia College University, Peshawar (Pakistan); Khenata, R. [LPQ3M Laboratory, Institute of Science and Technology, University of Mascara (Algeria); Mohammad, S. [Materials Modeling Lab, Hazara University, Mansehra (Pakistan); Naeem, S.; Khalid, M.N. [Materials Modeling Lab, Department of Physics, Islamia College University, Peshawar (Pakistan); Manzar, A. [Materials Modeling Lab, Hazara University, Mansehra (Pakistan)
2013-07-01
FP-LAPW calculations have performed in the framework of density functional theory (DFT) to compute the structural, elastic, electronic and optical properties of cubic CsMCl{sub 3}(M=Cd, Zn) compounds under pressure. The generalized gradient approximation (GGA) schemes proposed by Wu and Cohen (WC) and modified Becke–Johnson (mBJ) have been utilized for these calculations. The computed GGA-lattice parameter for CsCdCl{sub 3} is in excellent agreements with the experimental data. The computed elastic constants reveal that both compounds are elastically stable and ductile in nature. Energy band structure shows that CsZnCl{sub 3} and CsCdCl{sub 3} are Γ−R indirect band gap insulators. Optical properties such as complex dielectric function, refractive index, extinction coefficient, reflectivity, energy loss function, optical conductivity and absorption coefficient for incident photon energy up to 48 eV have been predicted.
Prediction of electronic, structural and elastic properties of the hardest oxide: TiO{sub 2}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Caravaca, M.A.; Mino, J.C. [Departamento de Fisico-Quimica, Facultad de Ingenieria, UNNE, Resistencia (Argentina); Casali, R.A. [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Naturales y Agrimensura, UNNE, Corrientes (Argentina)
2009-03-15
This work combines the theory of elasticity with first principles quantum mechanic calculations to predict the electronic, structural and elastic properties: elastic constants, bulk moduli of the TiO{sub 2} (Titania) in the Pnma phase. Band-structure shows a direct gap in {gamma} which increases its value under hydrostatic pressure. It has two regimes: in the range 0-50 GPa the band-gap has a negative second pressure derivative and changes its sign in the range 50-100 GPa. The band gap becomes indirect at pressures above 150 GPa. This phase improves its mechanical stability and insulator properties under extreme conditions of hydrostatic pressures. (copyright 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)
Electronic, elastic and thermal properties of SrCu2As2 via first principles calculation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lv, Zhen-Long; Cheng, Yan; Chen, Xiang-Rong; Ji, Guang-Fu
2013-01-01
Highlights: •Electronic properties, Fermi surface and non-magnetic property of SrCu 2 As 2 are investigated. •Elastic constants and elasticity-related properties are calculated. •Elastic anisotropy is visually shown and analyzed. •Thermal properties are calculated, consisting well with the experimental data. -- Abstract: ThCr 2 Si 2 -type crystal has a large family member, most of which have certain unusual properties. In this work, the electronic, elastic and thermal properties of the recently re-synthesized SrCu 2 As 2 are investigated by employing first principles calculation. The characters of the band structure and the partial density of states (PDOS) of SrCu 2 As 2 are analyzed, which shows that SrCu 2 As 2 is a metallic crystal with no magnetism. The calculated elastic constants reveal that SrCu 2 As 2 is mechanically stable but anisotropic; the anisotropy is further illustrated by the direction-dependent linear compressibility and Young’s modulus. By analyzing, we find that the corresponding shear deformation is most easy to take place when the shear stresses are imposed on the vertical {1 0 0} planes along the horizontal 〈1 0 0〉 directions. Besides these, other elasticity-relevant properties, including the bulk modulus, shear modulus, the Poisson ratio, the velocities of acoustic waves and the Debye temperature, are also derived. The specific heat C V and C P as functions of temperature (T) are obtained from quasi-harmonic Debye model, the curve of Cp–T consists well with the experimental data. Meanwhile, the thermal expansion coefficient α is also predicted
Deuteron forward photodisintegration: meson currents and relativity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Friar, J.L.
1983-01-01
The few-nucleon problem in nuclear physics and the few-electron problem in atomic physics are shown to possess similarities. Relativistic aspects of the latter are reviewed. The radiative decay of the 3 P 1 excited state of helium-like ions to the 1 S 0 ground state is shown to be a theoretical analogue of low-energy deuteron forward photodisintegration. Both have large relativistic components. The extended Siegert's theorem, which permits application of Siegert's technique to arbitrary photon wave lengths, is applied to both transitions. Physical arguments for the two processes are stressed, and the relevance of interaction currents is discussed. 28 references
Deuteron injector for Peking University Neutron Imaging Facility project
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ren, H. T.; Chen, J. E. [Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); SKLNPT, Institute of Heavy Ion Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Peng, S. X.; Lu, P. N.; Zhou, Q. F.; Yuan, Z. X.; Zhao, J.; Zhang, M.; Song, Z. Z.; Yu, J. X.; Guo, Z. Y. [SKLNPT, Institute of Heavy Ion Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)
2012-02-15
The deuteron injector developed for the PKUNIFTY (Peking University Neutron Imaging Facility) has been installed and commissioned at Peking University (PKU). The injector system must transfer 50 keV 50 mA of D{sup +} ion beam to the entrance of the 2 MeV radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) with 10% duty factor (1 ms, 100 Hz). A compact 2.45 GHz permanent magnet electron cyclotron resonance (PMECR) ion source and a 1.36 m long low energy beam transport (LEBT) line using two solenoids was developed as the deuteron injector. A {phi}5 mm four-quadrant diaphragm was used to simulate the entrance of RFQ electrodes. The beam parameters are measured after this core with an emittance measurement unit (EMU) and a bending magnet for ion fraction analysis at the end of injector. During the commissioning, 77 mA of total deuteron beam was extracted from PMECR and 56 mA of pure D{sup +} beam that passed through the {phi}5 mm four-quadrant diaphragm was obtained at the position of RFQ entrance with the measured normalized rms emittance 0.12-0.16{pi} mm mrad. Ion species analysis results show that the deuteron fraction is as high as 99.5%. All of the parameters satisfy PKUNIFTY's requirements. In this paper, we will describe the deuteron injector design and report the commissioning results as well as the initial operation.
Large enhancement of deuteron polarization with frequency modulated microwaves
Adeva, B; Arik, S; Arvidson, A; Badelek, B; Ballintijn, M K; Bardin,; Baum, G; Berglund, P; Betev, L; Birda, I G; Birsa, R; Bjrkholm, P; Bonner, B E; de Botton, N; Boutemeur, M; Bradamante, Franco; Bressan, A; Brullc, A; Buchanan, J; Bültmann, S; Burtin, E; Cavata, C; Chen, J P; Clement, J; Clocchiatti, M; Corcoran, M D; Crabb, D; Cranshaw, J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Deshpande, S; Dalla Torre, A; Van Dantzig, R; Dhawan, S; Dulya, C; Dyring, A; Eichblatt, S; Faivre, Jean-Claude; Fasching, D; Day, D; Feinstein, F; Fernández, C; Frois, B; Garabatos, C; Garzón, J A; Gaussiran, T; Giorgi, M; von Goeler, E; Goloutvin, Igor A; Gómez, A; Gracia, G; De Groot, N; Grosse-Perdekamp, M; Gülmez, E; Hasegawa, T; Hautle, P; Hayashi, N; Heusch, C A; Horikawa, D; von Harrach, N; Hughes, V W; Igo, G; Ishimoto, S; Iwata, T; De Jong, M; Kabu, E M; Kageya, T; Kaiser, R; Karev, A; Kessler, H J; Ketel, T J; Kiryushin, Yu T; Kishi, A; Kisselev, Yu; Klostermann, L; Krämer, Dietrich; Kukhtin, V; Kyynarinen, J; Lamanna, M; Landgraf, U; Lau, V; Krivokhijinea, K; Layda, T; Le Go, J M; Lehár, F; de Lesquen, A; Lichtenstadt, J; Lindqvist, T; Litmaath, M; López-Ponte, S; Loewe, M; Magnon, A; Mallot, G K; Marie, F; Martin, A; Martino, J; Matsuda, T; Mayes, B; McCarthy, J S; van Middelkoop, K; Medved, G; Miller, D; Mitchell, J; Mori, K; Moromisato, J; Mutchler, G S; Nagaitsev, A; Nassalski, J; Naumann, Lutz; Neganov, B; Niinikoski, T O; Oberski, J E J; Ogawa, A; Okumi, S; Ozben, C S; Penzo, Aldo L; Pérez, C A; Perrot-Kunne, F; Piegaia, R; Pinsky, L; Platchkov, S; Pló, M; Pose, D; Postma, D; Peshekhonov, H; Pretz, J; Pussieux, T; Pyrlik, J; Reyhancan, I; Rieubland, Jean Michel; Rijllart, A; Roberts, J B; Rock, S E; Rodríguez, M; Rondio, E; Rondon, O; Ropelewski, Leszek; Rosado, A; Sabo, I; Saborido, J; Salvato, G; Sandacz, A; Sanders, D; Savin, I; Schiavon, Paolo; Schüler, K P; Segel, R; Seitz, R; Semertzidis, Y; Sergeev, S; Sever, F; Shanahan, P; Sichtermann, E P; Smirnov, G; Staude, A; Steinmetz, A; Stuhrmann, H; Teichert, K M; Tessarotto, F; Thiel, W; Velasco, M; Vogt, J; Voss, R; Weinstein, R; Whitten, C; Willumeit, R; Windmolders, R; Wislicki, W; Witzmann, A; Yañez, A; Zanetti, A M; Zhao, J; Zamiatin, N I
1996-01-01
We report a large enhancement of 1.7 in deuteron polarization up to values of 0.6 due to frequency modulation of the polarizing microwaves in a two liters polarized target using the method of dynamic nuclear polarization. This target was used during a deep inelastic polarized muon-deuteron scattering experiment at CERN. Measurements of the electron paramagnetic resonance absorption spectra show that frequency modulation gives rise to additional microwave absorption in the spectral wings. Although these results are not understood theoretically, they may provide a useful testing ground for the deeper understanding of dynamic nuclear polarization.
Transverse Beam Spin Asymmetries in Forward-Angle Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
David Armstrong; Francois Arvieux; Razmik Asaturyan; Todd Averett; Stephanie Bailey; Guillaume Batigne; Douglas Beck; Elizabeth Beise; Jay Benesch; Louis Bimbot; James Birchall; Angela Biselli; Peter Bosted; Elodie Boukobza; Herbert Breuer; Roger Carlini; Robert Carr; Nicholas Chant; Yu-Chiu Chao; Swapan Chattopadhyay; Russell Clark; Silviu Covrig; Anthony Cowley; Daniel Dale; Charles Davis; Willie Falk; John Finn; Tony Forest; Gregg Franklin; Christophe Furget; David Gaskell; Joseph Grames; Keith Griffioen; Klaus Grimm; Benoit Guillon; Hayko Guler; Lars Hannelius; Richard HASTY; Alice Hawthorne Allen; Tanja Horn; Kathleen Johnston; Mark Jones; Peter Kammel; Reza Kazimi; Paul King; Ameya Kolarkar; Elie Korkmaz; Wolfgang Korsch; Serge Kox; Joachim Kuhn; Jeff Lachniet; Lawrence Lee; Jason Lenoble; Eric Liatard; Jianglai Liu; Berenice Loupias; Allison Lung; Dominique Marchand; Jeffery Martin; Kenneth McFarlane; David McKee; Robert McKeown; Fernand Merchez; Hamlet Mkrtchyan; Bryan Moffit; M. Morlet; Itaru Nakagawa; Kazutaka Nakahara; Retief Neveling; Silvia Niccolai; S. Ong; Shelley Page; Vassilios Papavassiliou; Stephen Pate; Sarah Phillips; Mark Pitt; Benard Poelker; Tracy Porcelli; Gilles Quemener; Brian Quinn; William Ramsay; Aamer Rauf; Jean-Sebastien Real; Julie Roche; Philip Roos; Gary Rutledge; Jeffery Secrest; Neven Simicevic; Gregory Smith; Damon Spayde; Samuel Stepanyan; Marcy Stutzman; Vince Sulkosky; Vincent Sulkosky; Vince Sulkosky; Vincent Sulkosky; Vardan Tadevosyan; Raphael Tieulent; Jacques Van de Wiele; Willem van Oers; Eric Voutier; William Vulcan; Glen Warren; Steven Wells; Steven Williamson; Stephen Wood; Chen Yan; Junho Yun; Valdis Zeps
2007-08-01
We have measured the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry in elastic scattering of transversely-polarized 3 GeV electrons from unpolarized protons at Q^2 values of 0.15 and 0.25 (GeV/c)^2 with results of A_n = -4.06 +- 0.99(stat) +- 0.63(syst) and A_n = -4.82 +- 1.87(stat) +- 0.98(syst) ppm. These results are inconsistent with calculations solely using the elastic nucleon intermediate state, and generally agree with calculations with significant inelastic hadronic intermediate state contributions. A_n provides a direct probe of the imaginary component of the two-photon exchange amplitude, the complete description of which is important in the interpretation of data from precision electron-scattering experiments.
Angular-resolved elastic peak electron spectroscopy: experiment and Monte Carlo calculations
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Zemek, Josef; Jiříček, Petr; Werner, W. S. M.; Lesiak, B.; Jablonski, A.
2006-01-01
Roč. 38, - (2006), s. 615-619 ISSN 0142-2421 Grant - others:FWF(AT) P15938-N02; EU-SURPHARE(XE) GMA1-2002-72057 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521 Keywords : elastic peak electron spectroscopy * EPES * inelestic mean free path * IMFP * surface excitations Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.427, year: 2006
Electronic structure and elasticity of Z-phases in the Cr–Nb–V–N system
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Legut, D.; Pavlů, Jana
2012-01-01
Roč. 24, č. 19 (2012), s. 195502-195509 ISSN 0953-8984 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP108/10/1908; GA MŠk(CZ) ED1.1.00/02.0068 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20410507 Keywords : ab initio calculations * Z-phase * Cr-Nb-V-N * electronic structure * elasticity Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.355, year: 2012
Precise measurement in elastic electron scattering: HAPPEX and E-158 experiments
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vacheret, A.
2004-12-01
Parity Violation asymmetry measurements in elastic electron scattering are in one hand an interesting way of retrieving new informations about the sea quarks of the nucleon and in the other hand a powerful test of the Standard Model electroweak sector at low energy. This thesis describes the HAPPEX experiment at JLab and the E-158 experiment at SLAC (USA) which measure de parity violation asymmetries in elastic scattering of polarized electron on nuclei like Hydrogen or Helium and on atomic electrons. With the measurements on hadronic targets one can extract the strange quarks contribution to the charge and current density of the nucleon. With the electron-electron scattering one can test the standard model at the loop level and far from the Z pole by extracting sin 2 θ W . In this thesis we describe the formalism associated with the electroweak probe. We present in detail the experimental methods used to make such precise measurements of parity violation asymmetry. Then, we describe the experimental set-up of each experiment and in particular the electron detector and the feedback loop on the beam current for the HAPPEX experiment and the analysis of E-158 run III with a dedicated systematic study on the beam sub-pulse fluctuations. We present the preliminary results for each experiment with a comparison with the other existing results and the future experiments. (author)
Total and elastic electron scattering cross sections from Xe at intermediate and high energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Garcia, G; Pablos, J L de; Blanco, F; Williart, A
2002-01-01
Experimental total electron scattering cross sections from Xe in the energy range 300-5000 eV have been obtained with experimental errors of about 3%. The method was based on the measurement of the attenuation of a linear electron beam through a Xe gas cell in combination with an electron spectroscopy technique to analyse the energy of the transmitted electrons. Differential and integral elastic cross sections have been calculated using a scattering potential method which includes relativistic effects. The consistency of our theoretical and experimental results is also discussed in the paper. Finally, analytical formulae depending on two parameters, namely the number of target electrons and the atomic polarizability, are given to reproduce the experimental data for Ne, Ar, Kr and Xe in the energy range 500-10 000 eV
Elastic scattering of low energy electrons in partially ionized dense semiclassical plasma
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dzhumagulova, K. N., E-mail: dzhumagulova.karlygash@gmail.com; Shalenov, E. O.; Ramazanov, T. S. [IETP, Al Farabi Kazakh National University, 71al Farabi Street, Almaty 050040 (Kazakhstan)
2015-08-15
Elastic scattering of electrons by hydrogen atoms in a dense semiclassical hydrogen plasma for low impact energies has been studied. Differential scattering cross sections were calculated within the effective model of electron-atom interaction taking into account the effect of screening as well as the quantum mechanical effect of diffraction. The calculations were carried out on the basis of the phase-function method. The influence of the diffraction effect on the Ramsauer–Townsend effect was studied on the basis of a comparison with results made within the effective polarization model of the Buckingham type.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zarkadoula, Eva; Xue, Haizhou; Zhang, Yanwen; Weber, William J.
2016-01-01
A combination of an inelastic thermal spike model suitable for insulators and molecular dynamics simulations is used to study the effects of temperature and electronic energy loss on ion track formation, size and morphology in SrTiO 3 systems with pre-existing disorder. We find temperature dependence of the ion track size. We also find a threshold in the electronic energy loss for a given pre-existing defect concentration, which indicates a threshold in the synergy between the inelastic and elastic energy loss.
Cross section calculation for electron impact ionization and elastic scattering from cisplatin
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zywicka, B.; Mozejko, P.
2012-01-01
One of the drugs which is typically used in chemotherapy is cisplatin (H 6 N 2 Cl 2 Pt). Chemotherapy is often successfully connected with the ionizing radiation treatment. Our work deals with the elastic electron scattering and electron impact ionization of cisplatin molecule. Total cross section for single electron-impact ionization of cisplatin molecule has been calculated with the binary-encounter-Bethe (BEB) model from the ionization threshold up to 5 keV. To obtain input data for the BEB calculations, geometric and electronic structures of the cisplatin have been studied with quantum chemical methods. Elastic cross section for electron collisions with cisplatin have also been evaluated using independent atom method with static-polarization model potential for incident energies ranging from 50 to 3000 eV. The obtained geometric structure of cisplatin is compared with available experimental and theoretical data. Calculated cross sections have been compared with related cross sections for selected purine and pyrimidine bases, they appear to be similar in values
A comparative experimental-theoretical study on elastic electron scattering by methane
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cho, H; Park, Y S; Castro, E A y; Souza, G L C de; Iga, I; Lee, M-T; Machado, L E; Brescansin, L M
2008-01-01
Absolute differential cross sections for elastic electron scattering by methane have been measured at six incident electron energies between 5 and 100 eV and over scattering angles between 10 deg. and 180 deg., using a crossed-beam electron spectrometer combined with a magnetic angle-changing device to extend the measurements to backward angles (125 deg. - 180 deg.). Differential, integral and momentum-transfer cross sections are also calculated and reported for these energies. A complex optical potential was used to represent the electron-molecule interaction dynamics. The iterative Schwinger variational method combined with the distorted-wave approximation was used to solve the scattering equations. The comparison between our calculated and measured results, as well as with other experimental and theoretical data available in the literature, is encouraging
Towards High Precision Deuteron Polarimetry
da Silva e Silva, M.; Crabb, DG; Day, DB; Liuti, S; Zheng,; Poelker, M; Prok, Y
2009-01-01
A finite electric dipole moment (EDM) in any fundamental system would constitute a signal for new physics. The deuteron presents itself as an optimal candidate both experimentally and theoretically. A new storage ring technique is being developed for which a small change in the vertical polarization
Electronic, elastic, optical properties of rutile TiO2 under pressure: A DFT study
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mahmood, Tariq; Cao, Chuanbao; Khan, Waheed S.; Usman, Zahid; Butt, Faheem K.; Hussain, Sajad
2012-01-01
The electronic, elastic constants and optical properties of rutile TiO 2 have been investigated using first principle pseudopotential method within generalized gradient approximation (GGA) proposed by Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE). The calculated volume, bulk modulus and pressure derivative of bulk modulus are in good agreement with previous experimental and computational results. An underestimated band gap (1.970 eV) along with the higher density of states and expanded energy bands around the fermi level is obtained. Calculated elastic constants satisfying the Born stability criteria suggest that rutile TiO 2 is mechanically stable under higher hydrostatic pressure. The acoustic wave speeds in [1 0 0], [0 1 0], [0 0 1], [1 1 0] and [45° to [1 0 0] and [0 0 1
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mann, A.K.
1986-01-01
This talk is intended as a brief report on studies of the elastic scattering of neutrinos by protons and electrons. Measurements of the ratios of muon antineutrino and muon neutrino elastic scattering on protons, and the corresponding ratio for elastic scattering on electrons minimize systematic experimental errors, and lead directly to values of the fundamental parameter of the electroweak interaction, the Weinberg Angle, with minimal ambiguity. Accordingly, the principal motivation in carrying out these studies was the desire to obtain and compare precise values of the Weinberg Angle from both the semileptonic and leptonic reactions as still another test of the basic validity of the standard electroweak theory. 10 refs., 11 figs
Field theory for a deuteron quantum liquid
Berezhiani, Lasha; Gabadadze, Gregory; Pirtskhalava, David
2010-04-01
Based on general symmetry principles we study an effective Lagrangian for a neutral system of condensed spin-1 deuteron nuclei and electrons, at greater-than-atomic but less-than-nuclear densities. We expect such matter to be present in thin layers within certain low-mass brown dwarfs. It may also be produced in future shock-wave-compression experiments as an effective fuel for laser-induced nuclear fusion. We find a background solution of the effective theory describing a net spin zero condensate of deuterons with their spins aligned and anti-aligned in a certain spontaneously emerged preferred direction. The spectrum of low energy collective excitations contains two spin-waves with linear dispersions — like in antiferromagnets — as well as gapped longitudinal and transverse modes related to the Meissner effect — like in superconductors. We show that counting of the Nambu-Goldstone modes of spontaneously broken internal and space-time symmetries obeys, in a nontrivial way, the rules of the Goldstone theorem for Lorentz non-invariant systems. We discuss thermodynamic properties of the condensate, and its potential manifestation in the low-mass brown dwarfs.
Large Logarithms in the Beam Normal Spin Asymmetry of Elastic Electron--Proton Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andrei Afanasev; Mykola Merenkov
2004-06-01
We study a parity-conserving single-spin beam asymmetry of elastic electron-proton scattering induced by an absorptive part of the two-photon exchange amplitude. It is demonstrated that excitation of inelastic hadronic intermediate states by the consecutive exchange of two photons leads to logarithmic and double-logarithmic enhancement due to contributions of hard collinear quasi-real photons. The asymmetry at small electron scattering angles is expressed in terms of the total photoproduction cross section on the proton, and is predicted to reach the magnitude of 20-30 parts per million. At these conditions and fixed 4-momentum transfers, the asymmetry is rising logarithmically with increasing electron beam energy, following the high-energy diffractive behavior of total photoproduction cross section on the proton.
Correlation effects in R-matrix calculations of electron-F2 elastic scattering cross sections.
Tarana, Michal; Horácek, Jirí
2007-10-21
Correlation effects are studied in electron scattering off the fluorine molecule. Fixed-nuclei approximation R-matrix calculations of the elastic collision cross sections are presented for a set of internuclear distances at three levels of correlation. The aim of this work is to study the role of electronic correlation on the properties of the 2Sigmau resonance. The Feshbach-Fano R-matrix method of resonance-background separation is used to study the effect of inclusion of various levels of correlation on the energy and width of the 2Sigmau resonance. Data required for construction of the nonlocal resonance model (construction of a discrete state and its coupling to the continuum) which allows the calculation of inelastic processes such as dissociative electron attachment and vibrational excitation [W. Domcke, Phys. Rep. 208, 97 (1991)] including the correlation are presented.
Frequency change and elastic constants of quartz irradiated by 1 MeV electrons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aoki, Takashi; Norisawa, Keizo; Sakisaka, Masakatsu.
1976-01-01
The fractions of frequency change Δf/f for quartz resonator plates exposed to 1 MeV electrons are measured as a function of electron fluence up to 2x10 17 electrons/cm 2 , from which the adiabatic elastic constants of c 44 , c 14 and c 66 are determined. The ratio of these fractional changes is found to have a correlation of Δc 44 /c 44 :Δ/c 14 ///c 14 /:Δc 66 /c 66 =1.3:3.1:1.0. The Δf/f values against fluence are calculated for various cut angles. The result indicates that the frequency in AT-cut resonators decreases a little and then increases ( -- 10 -5 ), but in BT- and Y-cut resonators a drastic increase and then a decrease (10 -3 -- 10 -2 ) are expected. (auth.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andrei V. Afanasev; Stanley J. Brodsky; Carl E. Carlson; Yu-Chun Chen; Marc Vanderhaeghen
2005-01-01
We estimate the two-photon exchange contribution to elastic electron-proton scattering at large momentum transfer by using a quark-parton representation of virtual Compton scattering. We thus can relate the two-photon exchange amplitude to the generalized parton distributions which also enter in other wide angle scattering processes. We find that the interference of one- and two-photon exchange contribution is able to substantially resolve the difference between electric form factor measurements from Rosenbluth and polarization transfer experiments.
Short Range Correlations in Nuclei at Large xbj through Inclusive Quasi-Elastic Electron Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ye, Zhihong [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
2013-12-01
The experiment, E08-014, in Hall-A at Jefferson Lab aims to study the short-range correlations (SRC) which are necessary to explain the nuclear strength absent in the mean field theory. The cross sections for 2H, 3He, 4He, 12C, 40Ca and 48Ca, were measured via inclusive quasi-elastic electron scattering from these nuclei in a Q2 range between 0.8 and 2.8 (GeV/c)^{2} for x>1. The cross section ratios of heavy nuclei to 2H were extracted to study two-nucleon SRC for 1
Lattice dynamics and elastic properties of the 4f electron system: CeN
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kanchana, V.; Vaitheeswaran, G.; Zhang, Xinxin
2011-01-01
are hence allowed to hop from site to site, without an on-site Hubbard U, and contribute to the bonding, in a picture often referred to as itinerant. It is argued that this picture is appropriate for CeN at low temperatures, while the anomalous thermal expansion observed at elevated temperatures indicates...... entropy-driven localization of the Ce f electrons, similar to the behavior of elemental cerium. The elastic constants are predicted from the total energy variation of strained crystals and are found to be large, typical for nitrides. The phonon dispersions are calculated showing no soft modes...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hua Manyu; Li Yimin; Long Chunguang; Li Xia
2012-01-01
The structural, electronic and elastic properties of potassium hexatitanate (K 2 Ti 6 O 13 ) whisker were investigated using first-principles calculations. The calculated cell parameters of K 2 Ti 6 O 13 including lattice constants and atomic positions are in good agreement with the experimental data. The obtained formation enthalpy (-61.1535 eV/atom) and cohesive energy (-137.4502 eV/atom) are both negative, showing its high structural stability. Further analysis of the electronic structures shows that the potassium hexatitanate is a wide-band semiconductor. Within K 2 Ti 6 O 13 crystal, the Ti---O bonding interactions are stronger than that of K---O, while no apparent K---Ti bonding interactions can be observed. The structural stability of K 2 Ti 6 O 13 was closely associated with the covalent bond interactions between Ti (d) and O (p) orbits. Further calculations on elastic properties show that K 2 Ti 6 O 13 is a high stiffness and brittle material with small anisotropy in shear and compression.
Ekuma, Chinedu E.; Bagayoko, Diola; Jarrell, Mark; Moreno, Juana
2012-09-01
We utilized a simple, robust, first principle method, based on basis set optimization with the BZW-EF method, to study the electronic and related properties of transition metal mono-nitrides: ScN and YN. We solved the KS system of equations self-consistently within the linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO) formalism. It is shown that the band gap and low energy conduction bands, as well as elastic and structural properties, can be calculated with a reasonable accuracy when the LCAO formalism is used to obtain an optimal basis. Our calculated, indirect electronic band gap (E^Γ -X_g) is 0.79 (LDA) and 0.88 eV (GGA) for ScN. In the case of YN, we predict an indirect band gap (E^Γ -X_g) of 1.09 (LDA) and 1.15 eV (GGA). We also calculated the equilibrium lattice constants, the bulk moduli (Bo), effective masses, and elastic constants for both systems. Our calculated values are in excellent agreement with experimental ones where the latter are available.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chinedu E. Ekuma
2012-09-01
Full Text Available We utilized a simple, robust, first principle method, based on basis set optimization with the BZW-EF method, to study the electronic and related properties of transition metal mono-nitrides: ScN and YN. We solved the KS system of equations self-consistently within the linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO formalism. It is shown that the band gap and low energy conduction bands, as well as elastic and structural properties, can be calculated with a reasonable accuracy when the LCAO formalism is used to obtain an optimal basis. Our calculated, indirect electronic band gap (EΓ−Xg is 0.79 (LDA and 0.88 eV (GGA for ScN. In the case of YN, we predict an indirect band gap (EΓ−Xg of 1.09 (LDA and 1.15 eV (GGA. We also calculated the equilibrium lattice constants, the bulk moduli (Bo, effective masses, and elastic constants for both systems. Our calculated values are in excellent agreement with experimental ones where the latter are available.
First-principles study of electronic and elastic properties of LuAl{sub 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shukla, Pushplata, E-mail: pujashukla50@gmail.com; Shrivastava, Deepika; Sanyal, Sankar P. [Department of Physics, Barkatullah university, Bhopal 462026 (India)
2016-05-06
A systematic theoretical study of electronic structure of rare earth intermetallic LuAl{sub 3} has been carried out using full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method based on density functional theory (DFT) within the generalized gradient approximation(GGA) for exchange and correlation potential. The ground state properties such as lattice constant (a{sub o}), bulk modulus (B) and pressure derivative of bulk modulus (B′) were evaluated. LuAl{sub 3} has the cubic AuCu{sub 3} type crystal structure. The electronic properties of this compound have been analyzed quantatively from band structure and DOS. It is clear from band structure that this compound is metallic in nature. The calculated elastic constants infer that this compound is mechanically stable.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Afanasev, A.
2005-02-02
We estimate the two-photon exchange contribution to elastic electron-proton scattering at large momentum transfer by using a quark-parton representation of virtual Compton scattering. We thus can relate the two-photon exchange amplitude to the generalized parton distributions which also enter in other wide angle scattering processes. We find that the interference of one- and two-photon exchange contribution is able to substantially resolve the difference between electric form factor measurements from Rosenbluth and polarization transfer experiments. Two-photon exchange has additional consequences which could be experimentally observed, including nonzero polarization effects and a positron-proton/electron-proton scattering asymmetry. The predicted Rosenbluth plot is no longer precisely linear; it acquires a measurable curvature, particularly at large laboratory angle.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kerimov, B.K.; Safin, M.Ya.; Al'-Khamis, I.M.
1978-01-01
The second Born approximation static correction to the differential cross section of elastic scattering of electrons on nuclei is studied with account for the nuclear charge and magnetic dipole formfactors. Only Coulomb potential contribution is taken into account in the electron scattering cross section. In the case of the magnetic scattering the cross sections are summed and averaged over spin states of a nucleus. The general expressions for the static correction are obtained. The angular dependences of the relative correction to the magnetic dipole elastic electron- 9 Be scattering cross section are presented
Deuteron transverse densities in holographic QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mondal, Chandan [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Modern Physics, Lanzhou (China); Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Department of Physics, Kanpur (India); Chakrabarti, Dipankar [Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Department of Physics, Kanpur (India); Zhao, Xingbo [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Modern Physics, Lanzhou (China)
2017-05-15
We investigate the transverse charge density in the longitudinally as well as transversely polarized deuteron using the recent empirical description of the deuteron electromagnetic form factors in the framework of holographic QCD. The predictions of the holographic QCD are compared with the results of a standard phenomenological parameterization. In addition, we evaluate GPDs and the gravitational form factors for the deuteron. The longitudinal momentum densities are also investigated in the transverse plane. (orig.)
A first principles study of the electronic structure, elastic and thermal properties of UB2
Jossou, Ericmoore; Malakkal, Linu; Szpunar, Barbara; Oladimeji, Dotun; Szpunar, Jerzy A.
2017-07-01
Uranium diboride (UB2) has been widely deployed for refractory use and is a proposed material for Accident Tolerant Fuel (ATF) due to its high thermal conductivity. However, the applicability of UB2 towards high temperature usage in a nuclear reactor requires the need to investigate the thermomechanical properties, and recent studies have failed in highlighting applicable properties. In this work, we present an in-depth theoretical outlook of the structural and thermophysical properties of UB2, including but not limited to elastic, electronic and thermal transport properties. These calculations were performed within the framework of Density Functional Theory (DFT) + U approach, using Quantum ESPRESSO (QE) code considering the addition of Coulomb correlations on the uranium atom. The phonon spectra and elastic constant analysis show the dynamic and mechanical stability of UB2 structure respectively. The electronic structure of UB2 was investigated using full potential linear augmented plane waves plus local orbitals method (FP-LAPW+lo) as implemented in WIEN2k code. The absence of a band gap in the total and partial density of states confirms the metallic nature while the valence electron density plot reveals the presence of covalent bond between adjacent B-B atoms. We predicted the lattice thermal conductivity (kL) by solving Boltzmann Transport Equation (BTE) using ShengBTE. The second order harmonic and third-order anharmonic interatomic force constants required as input to ShengBTE was calculated using the Density-functional perturbation theory (DFPT). However, we predicted the electronic thermal conductivity (kel) using Wiedemann-Franz law as implemented in Boltztrap code. We also show that the sound velocity along 'a' and 'c' axes exhibit high anisotropy, which accounts for the anisotropic thermal conductivity of UB2.
Sobków, W.; Błaut, A.
2018-03-01
In this paper we indicate a possibility of utilizing the elastic scattering of Dirac low-energy (˜ 1 MeV) electron neutrinos (ν _es) on a polarized electron target (PET) in testing the time reversal symmetry violation (TRSV). We consider a scenario in which the incoming ν _e beam is a superposition of left chiral (LC) and right chiral (RC) states. LC ν _e interact mainly by the standard V-A and small admixture of non-standard scalar S_L, pseudoscalar P_L, tensor T_L interactions, while RC ones are only detected by the exotic V + A and S_R, P_R, T_R interactions. As a result of the superposition of the two chiralities the transverse components of ν e spin polarization (T-even and T-odd) may appear. We compute the differential cross section as a function of the recoil electron azimuthal angle and scattered electron energy, and show how the interference terms between standard V-A and exotic S_R, P_R, T_R couplings depend on the various angular correlations among the transversal ν _e spin polarization, the polarization of the electron target, the incoming neutrino momentum and the outgoing electron momentum in the limit of relativistic ν _e. We illustrate how the maximal value of recoil electrons azimuthal asymmetry and the asymmetry axis location of outgoing electrons depend on the azimuthal angle of the transversal component of the ν _e spin polarization, both for the time reversal symmetry conservation (TRSC) and TRSV. Next, we display that the electron energy spectrum and polar angle distribution of the recoil electrons are also sensitive to the interference terms between V-A and S_R, P_R, T_R couplings, proportional to the T-even and T-odd angular correlations among the transversal ν _e polarization, the electron polarization of the target, and the incoming ν _e momentum, respectively. We also discuss the possibility of testing the TRSV by observing the azimuthal asymmetry of outgoing electrons, using the PET without the impact of the transversal
Nucleon-deuteron scattering with the JISP16 potential
Skibiński, R.; Golak, J.; Topolnicki, K.; Witała, H.; Volkotrub, Yu.; Kamada, H.; Shirokov, A. M.; Okamoto, R.; Suzuki, K.; Vary, J. P.
2018-01-01
The nucleon-nucleon J -matrix inverse scattering potential JISP16 is applied to elastic nucleon-deuteron scattering and the deuteron breakup process at the laboratory nucleon energies up to 135 MeV. The formalism of the Faddeev equations is used to obtain three-nucleon scattering states. We compare predictions based on the JISP16 force with data and with results based on various two-body interactions, including the CD Bonn, the Argonne AV18, the chiral force with the semilocal regularization at the fifth order of the chiral expansion and with low-momentum interactions obtained from the CD Bonn force as well as with the predictions from the combination of the AV18 NN interaction and the Urbana IX 3 N force. JISP16 provides a satisfactory description of some observables at low energies but strong deviations from data as well as from standard and chiral potential predictions with increasing energy. However, there are also polarization observables at low energies for which the JISP16 predictions differ from those based on the other forces by a factor of two. The reason for such a behavior can be traced back to the P -wave components of the JISP16 force. At higher energies the deviations can be enhanced by an interference with higher partial waves and by the properties of the JISP16 deuteron wave function. In addition, we compare the energy and angular dependence of predictions based on the JISP16 force with the results of the low-momentum interactions obtained with different values of the momentum cutoff parameter. We found that such low-momentum forces can be employed to interpret the nucleon-deuteron elastic scattering data only below some specific energy which depends on the cutoff parameter. Since JISP16 is defined in a finite oscillator basis, it has properties similar to low momentum interactions and its application to the description of nucleon-deuteron scattering data is limited to a low momentum transfer region.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jones, D. B. [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001 (Australia); Costa, R. F. da [Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin,” Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, 13083-859 São Paulo (Brazil); Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, 29075-910, Vitória, Espírito Santo (Brazil); Varella, M. T. do N. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, 05315-970 São Paulo (Brazil); Bettega, M. H. F. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Paraná, CP 19044, 81531-990 Curitiba, Paraná (Brazil); Lima, M. A. P. [Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin,” Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, 13083-859 São Paulo (Brazil); Blanco, F. [Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid E-28040 (Spain); García, G. [Instituto de Física Fundamental, CSIC, Serrano 113-bis, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Brunger, M. J., E-mail: Michael.Brunger@flinders.edu.au [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001 (Australia); Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
2016-04-14
We report absolute experimental integral cross sections (ICSs) for electron impact excitation of bands of electronic-states in furfural, for incident electron energies in the range 20–250 eV. Wherever possible, those results are compared to corresponding excitation cross sections in the structurally similar species furan, as previously reported by da Costa et al. [Phys. Rev. A 85, 062706 (2012)] and Regeta and Allan [Phys. Rev. A 91, 012707 (2015)]. Generally, very good agreement is found. In addition, ICSs calculated with our independent atom model (IAM) with screening corrected additivity rule (SCAR) formalism, extended to account for interference (I) terms that arise due to the multi-centre nature of the scattering problem, are also reported. The sum of those ICSs gives the IAM-SCAR+I total cross section for electron–furfural scattering. Where possible, those calculated IAM-SCAR+I ICS results are compared against corresponding results from the present measurements with an acceptable level of accord being obtained. Similarly, but only for the band I and band II excited electronic states, we also present results from our Schwinger multichannel method with pseudopotentials calculations. Those results are found to be in good qualitative accord with the present experimental ICSs. Finally, with a view to assembling a complete cross section data base for furfural, some binary-encounter-Bethe-level total ionization cross sections for this collision system are presented.
Regeta, Khrystyna; Allan, Michael; Winstead, Carl; McKoy, Vincent; Mašín, Zdeněk; Gorfinkiel, Jimena D
2016-01-14
We measured differential cross sections for elastic (rotationally integrated) electron scattering on pyrimidine, both as a function of angle up to 180(∘) at electron energies of 1, 5, 10, and 20 eV and as a function of electron energy in the range 0.1-14 eV. The experimental results are compared to the results of the fixed-nuclei Schwinger variational and R-matrix theoretical methods, which reproduce satisfactorily the magnitudes and shapes of the experimental cross sections. The emphasis of the present work is on recording detailed excitation functions revealing resonances in the excitation process. Resonant structures are observed at 0.2, 0.7, and 4.35 eV and calculations for different symmetries confirm their assignment as the X̃(2)A2, Ã(2)B1, and B̃(2)B1 shape resonances. As a consequence of superposition of coherent resonant amplitudes with background scattering the B̃(2)B1 shape resonance appears as a peak, a dip, or a step function in the cross sections recorded as a function of energy at different scattering angles and this effect is satisfactorily reproduced by theory. The dip and peak contributions at different scattering angles partially compensate, making the resonance nearly invisible in the integral cross section. Vibrationally integrated cross sections were also measured at 1, 5, 10 and 20 eV and the question of whether the fixed-nuclei cross sections should be compared to vibrationally elastic or vibrationally integrated cross section is discussed.
Measuring the Weak Charge of the Proton via Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jones, Donald C. [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
2015-10-01
The Qweak experiment which ran in Hall C at Jefferson Lab in Newport News, VA, and completed data taking in May 2012, measured the weak charge of the proton Q^{p}_{W} via elastic electron-proton scattering. Longitudinally polarized electrons were scattered from an unpolarized liquid hydrogen target. The helicity of the electron beam was flipped at approximately 1 kHz between left and right spin states. The Standard Model predicts a small parity-violating asymmetry of scattering rates between right and left helicity states due to the weak interaction. An initial result using 4% of the data was published in October 2013 [1] with a measured parity-violating asymmetry of -279 ± 35(stat) ± 31 (syst) ppb. This asymmetry, along with other data from parity-violating electron scattering experiments, provided the world's first determination of the weak charge of the proton. The weak charge of the proton was found to be ^{p}_{W} = 0.064 ± 0.012, in good agreement with the Standard Model prediction of ^{p}_{W}(SM) = 0.0708 ± 0.0003[2].
Addressing preservation of elastic contrast in energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy.
Brown, H G; D'Alfonso, A J; Forbes, B D; Allen, L J
2016-01-01
Energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM) images with resolutions of the order of an Ångström can be obtained using modern microscopes corrected for chromatic aberration. However, the delocalized nature of the transition potentials for atomic ionization often confounds direct interpretation of EFTEM images, leading to what is known as "preservation of elastic contrast". In this paper we demonstrate how more interpretable images might be obtained by scanning with a focused coherent probe and incoherently averaging the energy-filtered images over probe position. We dub this new imaging technique energy-filtered imaging scanning transmission electron microscopy (EFISTEM). We develop a theoretical framework for EFISTEM and show that it is in fact equivalent to precession EFTEM, where the plane wave illumination is precessed through a range of tilts spanning the same range of angles as the probe forming aperture in EFISTEM. It is demonstrated that EFISTEM delivers similar results to scanning transmission electron microscopy with an electron energy-loss spectrometer but has the advantage that it is immune to coherent aberrations and spatial incoherence of the probe and is also more resilient to scan distortions. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Elastic cross sections for electron-ketenylidene (C2O) collisions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fujimoto, M.M.; Lee, M.-T.; Michelin, S.E.
2004-01-01
In this work we report on a theoretical study on elastic electron collisions with ketenylidene radicals in the low and intermediate energy range. Calculated differential and momentum transfer cross sections for the e - -C 2 O collision are reported in the (1-500)-eV range. A complex optical potential composed by static, exchange, correlation-polarization plus absorption contributions, derived from a fully molecular wave function, is used to describe the interaction dynamics. The Schwinger variational iterative method combined with the distorted-wave approximation is applied to calculate scattering amplitudes. Comparison made between our calculated cross sections with the theoretical and experimental results for elastic e - -N 2 O collisions has revealed remarkable similarity for incident energies equal to 20 eV and above. Also, two shape resonances located at around 3 eV and 4.5 eV are observed and identified as due to the 2 Π and the 4 Π scattering channels, respectively
Structural, Electronic and Elastic Properties of Ternary Alloy CoxNi1-xSi2
Ouchene, S.; Kadri, M. T.; Baaouague, K.; Belkhir, H.
2013-09-01
First-principles calculations, by means of the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method using the generalized gradient approximation (GGA), were carried out for the structural, electronic and elastic properties of transition metals disilicides alloy CoxNi1-xSi2 in the fluorite structure. The composition effect on lattice constants and bulk modulus has been analyzed. The deviations of the lattice constants from Vegard's law and the bulk modulus from linear concentration dependence (LCD) were observed for CoxNi1-xSi2. We also calculated the densities of states for the distorted CoxNi1-xSi2 alloys as well as for the ordered phases CoSi2 and NiSi2. Theoretical values of Young's modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio and Debye temperature are estimated from the computed elastic constants. The analysis of the ratio of shear modulus to bulk modulus shows that the alloy is more brittle than the binary compounds. The calculated results are compared with other reported values.
Quasi-elastic and inelastic inclusive electron scattering from an oxygen jet target
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anghinolfi, M.; Cenni, R.; Levi Sandri, P.; Longhi, A.; Mokeev, V.I.; Polli, E.; Reolon, A.; Ricco, G.; Simula, S.; Taiuti, M.; Teglia, A.; Zucchiatti, A.
1996-01-01
The results of an experiment on inclusive electron scattering from an oxygen jet target, performed in a wide range of energy and momentum transfer covering both quasi-elastic and Δ(1232) resonance regions, are reported. In the former region the theoretical predictions, obtained including effects of nucleon-nucleon correlations in both initial and final states, give a good description of the experimental data. In the inelastic region a broadening as well as a damping of the resonant part of the cross section with respect to the free nucleon case is observed. The need of more detailed calculations including nuclear structure effects on the electroproduction cross section of nucleon resonances is highlighted. (orig.)
First principle electronic, structural, elastic, and optical properties of strontium titanate
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chinedu E. Ekuma
2012-03-01
Full Text Available We report self-consistent ab-initio electronic, structural, elastic, and optical properties of cubic SrTiO3 perovskite. Our non-relativistic calculations employed a generalized gradient approximation (GGA potential and the linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO formalism. The distinctive feature of our computations stem from solving self-consistently the system of equations describing the GGA, using the Bagayoko-Zhao-Williams (BZW method. Our results are in agreement with experimental ones where the later are available. In particular, our theoretical, indirect band gap of 3.24 eV, at the experimental lattice constant of 3.91 Å, is in excellent agreement with experiment. Our predicted, equilibrium lattice constant is 3.92 Å, with a corresponding indirect band gap of 3.21 eV and bulk modulus of 183 GPa.
Doubly differential and integral cross sections for electron elastic scattering by hydrogen sulfide
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aouchiche, H.; Medegga, F.; Champion, C.
2014-01-01
Theoretical doubly differential and integral cross sections for elastic scattering of electrons by hydrogen sulfide vapor are here reported for impact energies ranging from 10 eV to 10 keV. The calculations are carried out within the partial-wave formalism by means of a spherical complex optical potential model taking into account a static contribution deduced from a single-center Hartree–Fock target description as well as correlation–polarization and exchange effects. The results clearly point out the role played by the exchange and the correlation–polarization in particular at low incident energies and around the observed minima. Both doubly differential and integral cross sections are finally compared with a large set of experimental data and a satisfactory agreement is observed
First principle electronic, structural, elastic, and optical properties of strontium titanate
Ekuma, Chinedu E.; Jarrell, Mark; Moreno, Juana; Bagayoko, Diola
2012-03-01
We report self-consistent ab-initio electronic, structural, elastic, and optical properties of cubic SrTiO3 perovskite. Our non-relativistic calculations employed a generalized gradient approximation (GGA) potential and the linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO) formalism. The distinctive feature of our computations stem from solving self-consistently the system of equations describing the GGA, using the Bagayoko-Zhao-Williams (BZW) method. Our results are in agreement with experimental ones where the later are available. In particular, our theoretical, indirect band gap of 3.24 eV, at the experimental lattice constant of 3.91 Å, is in excellent agreement with experiment. Our predicted, equilibrium lattice constant is 3.92 Å, with a corresponding indirect band gap of 3.21 eV and bulk modulus of 183 GPa.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abrahamyan, S; Afanasev, A; Ahmed, Z; Albataineh, H; Aniol, K; Armstrong, D S; Armstrong, W; Arrington, J; Averett, T; Babineau, B; Bailey, S L; Barber, J; Barbieri, A; Beck, A; Bellini, V; Beminiwattha, R; Benaoum, H; Benesch, J; Benmokhtar, F; Bertin, P; Bielarski, T; Boeglin, W; Bosted, P; Butaru, F; Burtin, E; Cahoon, J; Camsonne, A; Canan, M; Carter, P; Chang, C C; Cates, G D; Chao, Y -C; Chen, C; Chen, J -P; Choi, Seonho; Chudakov, E; Cisbani, E; Craver, B; Cusanno, F; Dalton, M M; De Leo, R; de Jager, K; Deconinck, W; Decowski, P; Deepa, D; Deng, X; Dutta, D; Etile, A; Ferdi, C; Feuerbach, J; Finn, J M; Flay, D; Franklin, G B; Friend, M; Frullani, S; Fuchey, E; Fuchs, S A; Fuoti, K; Garibaldi, F; Gasser, E; Gilman, R; Guisa, A; Glamazdin, A; Glesener, L E; Gomez, J; Gorchtein, M; Grames, J; Grimm, K; Gu, C; Hansen, O; Hansknecht, J; Hen, O; Higinbotham, D W; Holmes, R S; Holmstrom, T; Horowitz, C J; Hoskins, J; Huang, J; Humensky, T B; Hyde, C E; Ibrahim, H; Itard, F; Jen, C -M; Jensen, E; Jiang, X; Jin, G; Johnston, S; Katich, J; Kaufman, L J; Kelleher, A; Kliakhandler, K; King, P M; Kolarkar, A; Kowalski, S; Kuchina, E; Kumar, K S; Lagamba, L; Lambert, D; LaViolette, P; Leacock, J; Leckey IV, J; Lee, J H; LeRose, J J; Lhuillier, D; Lindgren, R; Liyanage, N; Lubinsky, N; Mammei, J; Mammoliti, F; Margaziotis, D J; Markowitz, P; Mazouz, M; McCormick, K; McCreary, A; McNulty, D; Meekins, D G; Mercado, L; Meziani, Z -E; Michaels, R W; Mihovilovic, M; Moffit, B; Monaghan, P; Muangma, N; Munoz-Camacho, C; Nanda, S; Nelyubin, V; Neyret, D; Nuruzzaman,; Oh, Y; Otis, K; Palmer, A; Parno, D; Paschke, K D; Phillips, S K; Poelker, M; Pomatsalyuk, R; Posik, M; Potokar, M; Prok, K; Puckett, A.J.R.; Qian, X; Qiang, Y; Quinn, B; Rakhman, A; Reimer, P E; Reitz, B; Riordan, S; Roche, J; Rogan, P; Ron, G; Russo, G; Saenboonruang, K; Saha, A; Sawatzky, B; Shahinyan, A; Silwal, R; Singh, J; Sirca, S; Slifer, K; Snyder, R; Solvignon, P; Souder, P A; Sperduto, M L; Subedi, R; Stutzman, M L; Suleiman, R; Sulkosky, V; Sutera, C M; Tobias, W A; Troth, W; Urciuoli, G M; Ulmer, P; Vacheret, A; Voutier, A; Waidyawansa, B; Wang, D; Wang, K; Wexler, J; Whitbeck, A; Wilson, R; Wojtsekhowski, B; Yan, X; Yao, H; Ye, Y; Ye, Z; Yim, V; Zana, L; Zhan, X; Zhang, J; Zhang, Y; Zheng, X; Ziskin, V; Zhu, P
2012-11-05
Here we have measured the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry A{sub n} in the elastic scattering of 1-3 GeV transversely polarized electrons from ^{1}H and for the first time from ^{4}He, ^{12}C, and ^{208}Pb. For ^{1}H, ^{4}He and ^{12}C, the measurements are in agreement with calculations that relate A_{n} to the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange amplitude including inelastic intermediate states. Surprisingly, the ^{208}Pb result is significantly smaller than the corresponding prediction using the same formalism. Our results suggest that a systematic set of new A^{n} measurements might emerge as a new and sensitive probe of the structure of heavy nuclei.
Analytic description of elastic electron-atom scattering in an elliptically polarized laser field
Flegel, A. V.; Frolov, M. V.; Manakov, N. L.; Starace, Anthony F.; Zheltukhin, A. N.
2013-01-01
An analytic description of laser-assisted electron-atom scattering (LAES) in an elliptically polarized field is presented using time-dependent effective range (TDER) theory to treat both electron-laser and electron-atom interactions nonperturbatively. Closed-form formulas describing plateau features in LAES spectra are derived quantum mechanically in the low-frequency limit. These formulas provide an analytic explanation for key features of the LAES differential cross section. For the low-energy region of the LAES spectrum, our result generalizes the Kroll-Watson formula to the case of elliptic polarization. For the high-energy (rescattering) plateau in the LAES spectrum, our result generalizes prior results for a linearly polarized field valid for the high-energy end of the rescattering plateau [Flegel , J. Phys. BJPAPEH0953-407510.1088/0953-4075/42/24/241002 42, 241002 (2009)] and confirms the factorization of the LAES cross section into three factors: two field-free elastic electron-atom scattering cross sections (with laser-modified momenta) and a laser field-dependent factor (insensitive to the scattering potential) describing the laser-driven motion of the electron in the elliptically polarized field. We present also approximate analytic expressions for the exact TDER LAES amplitude that are valid over the entire rescattering plateau and reduce to the three-factor form in the plateau cutoff region. The theory is illustrated for the cases of e-H scattering in a CO2-laser field and e-F scattering in a midinfrared laser field of wavelength λ=3.5μm, for which the analytic results are shown to be in good agreement with exact numerical TDER results.
Wang, Biao; Bian, Jianming; Coan, Thomas E.; Kotelnikov, Sergey; Duyang, Hongyue; Hatzikoutelis, Athanasios; NOvA Collaboration
2017-09-01
Using the NuMI beam at Fermilab and the NOvA near detector, we study the process by which a muon neutrino elastically scatters off an electron in the detector to produce a very forward going electromagnetic shower. By comparing dE/dx for various particle hypotheses for both longitudinal and transverse directions in a multilayer perceptron neural network, we trained a Particle ID algorithm to identify the scattered electron in an inclusive dataset. Muon-neutrino-on-e elastic scattering provides a clean, purely leptonic process free from nuclear effects for understanding neutral current scattering and constraining the NuMI beam flux. Also, this technique can be applied in two broad areas of beyond the standard model physics: a large neutrino transition magnetic moment and light dark matter particles produced in the NuMI target, both of which would create an energy dependent enhancement in the elastic scattering cross section.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Landau, M.
1982-06-01
The autoionizing state study seemed interesting to be taken up again in energy ranges corresponding to formation thresholds, a device well adapted to this range was available concerning electron measurements. Among other things, the overlapping autoionizing states have been displayed; proton kinetic energy distribution appropriate to each state at its formation threshold have been got. The whole of these results represents a proton (and D + ) production mechanism study contribution via autoionizing states. The theory used to describe autoionization cross-section calculations are recalled. Experimental results are presented, discussed, compared to experimental results and theoretical predictions [fr
Time-resolved characteristics of deuteron-beam generated by plasma focus discharge
Bradley, D. A.
2018-01-01
The plasma focus device discussed herein is a Z-pinch pulsed-plasma arrangement. In this, the plasma is heated and compressed into a cylindrical column, producing a typical density of > 1025 particles/m3 and a temperature of (1–3) × 107 oC. The plasma focus has been widely investigated as a radiation source, including as ion-beams, electron-beams and as a source of x-ray and neutron production, providing considerable scope for use in a variety of technological situations. Thus said, the nature of the radiation emission depends on the dynamics of the plasma pinch. In this study of the characteristics of deuteron-beam emission, in terms of energy, fluence and angular distribution were analyzed. The 2.7 kJ plasma focus discharge has been made to operate at a pressure of less than 1 mbar rather than at its more conventional operating pressure of a few mbar. Faraday cup were used to determine deuteron-beam energy and deuteron-beam fluence per shot while CR-39 solid-state nuclear track detectors were employed in studying the angular distribution of deuteron emission. Beam energy and deuteron-beam fluence per shot have been found to be pressure dependent. The largest value of average deuteron energy measured for present conditions was found to be (52 ± 7) keV, while the deuteron-beam fluence per shot was of the order of 1015 ions/m2 when operated at a pressure of 0.2 mbar. The deuteron-beam emission is in the forward direction and is observed to be highly anisotropic. PMID:29309425
Structural, elastic, electronic, and optical properties of the tricycle-like phosphorene.
Zhang, Yang; Wu, Zhi-Feng; Gao, Peng-Fei; Fang, Dang-Qi; Zhang, Er-Hu; Zhang, Sheng-Li
2017-01-18
Phosphorene exhibits great potential applications in nanoelectronics due to its relatively large and direct band gap and good charge carrier mobility, and thus has attracted extensive attentions over the past few years. In this study, a novel hybrid phosphorene with a tricycle-like bulge is proposed using density functional theory calculations. Herein, structural stability, elastic, electronic, and optical properties have been addressed. It is found that all the hybrid phosphorenes are stable, and their cohesive energies are very close to that of black phosphorene monolayer. Due to the tricycle-like bulge, these hybrid layers are much softer than the black phosphorene. Their electronic band structures show that they are semiconductors with a robust indirect band gap, and their band gaps are strongly dependent on the sizes. Spatial charge distribution to the valence band maximum and the conduction band minimum is analyzed to explore the origin of the indirect band gap features. By calculating the complex dielectric function, optical properties have been discussed. Our results suggest that the hybrid phosphorenes with well structural stability, robust indirect band gaps, flexible property, and good optical absorption hold great promise for applications in the field of visible light harvesting and flexible nanoelectronic devices.
Hybrid Theory of P-Wave Electron-Hydrogen Elastic Scattering
Bhatia, Anand
2012-01-01
We report on a study of electron-hydrogen scattering, using a combination of a modified method of polarized orbitals and the optical potential formalism. The calculation is restricted to P waves in the elastic region, where the correlation functions are of Hylleraas type. It is found that the phase shifts are not significantly affected by the modification of the target function by a method similar to the method of polarized orbitals and they are close to the phase shifts calculated earlier by Bhatia. This indicates that the correlation function is general enough to include the target distortion (polarization) in the presence of the incident electron. The important fact is that in the present calculation, to obtain similar results only 35-term correlation function is needed in the wave function compared to the 220-term wave function required in the above-mentioned previous calculation. Results for the phase shifts, obtained in the present hybrid formalism, are rigorous lower bounds to the exact phase shifts.
Dapor, Maurizio
2018-03-29
Quantum information theory deals with quantum noise in order to protect physical quantum bits (qubits) from its effects. A single electron is an emblematic example of a qubit, and today it is possible to experimentally produce polarized ensembles of electrons. In this paper, the theory of the polarization of electron beams elastically scattered by atoms is briefly summarized. Then the POLARe program suite, a set of computer programs aimed at the calculation of the spin-polarization parameters of electron beams elastically interacting with atomic targets, is described. Selected results of the program concerning Ar, Kr, and Xe atoms are presented together with the comparison with experimental data about the Sherman function for low kinetic energy of the incident electrons (1.5eV-350eV). It is demonstrated that the quantum-relativistic theory of the polarization of electron beams elastically scattered by atoms is in good agreement with experimental data down to energies smaller than a few eV.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alexander L. Ivanovskii
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Atomic models of cubic crystals (CC of carbon and graphene-like Si nanotubes are offered and their structural, cohesive, elastic and electronic properties are predicted by means of the DFTB method. Our main findings are that the isotropic crystals of carbon nanotubes adopt a very high elastic modulus B and low compressibility β, namely B = 650 GPa, β = 0.0015 1/GPa. In addition, these crystals preserve the initial conductivity type of their “building blocks”, i.e. isolated carbon and Si nanotubes. This feature may be important for design of materials with the selected conductivity type.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Thore, A.; Dahlqvist, M.; Alling, B.; Rosén, J.
2014-01-01
In this paper, we report the by first-principles predicted properties of the recently discovered magnetic MAX phase Mn 2 GaC. The electronic band structure and vibrational dispersion relation, as well as the electronic and vibrational density of states, have been calculated. The band structure close to the Fermi level indicates anisotropy with respect to electrical conductivity, while the distribution of the electronic and vibrational states for both Mn and Ga depend on the chosen relative orientation of the Mn spins across the Ga sheets in the Mn–Ga–Mn trilayers. In addition, the elastic properties have been calculated, and from the five elastic constants, the Voigt bulk modulus is determined to be 157 GPa, the Voigt shear modulus 93 GPa, and the Young's modulus 233 GPa. Furthermore, Mn 2 GaC is found relatively elastically isotropic, with a compression anisotropy factor of 0.97, and shear anisotropy factors of 0.9 and 1, respectively. The Poisson's ratio is 0.25. Evaluated elastic properties are compared to theoretical and experimental results for M 2 AC phases where M = Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Ta, and A = Al, S, Ge, In, Sn.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhang Wei; Tong Peiqing
2012-01-01
The structural, elastic, magnetic and electronic properties of 4d high Neél temperature perovskite (Pv) CaTcO 3 have been studied using density functional theory plus the Hubbard U (DFT+U) method. The degree of correlations of CaTcO 3 is determined with a reasonable value of U. The compound is found to be an indirect band gap semiconductor with G-type antiferromagnetic ordering and large superexchange interactions. Large anisotropic compression behavior is found that is much alike the case of Pv CaIrO 3 reported by recent high pressure experiment. The b and c axes decrease linearly with pressure whereas the a axis nearly keeps constant and even slightly expands after ∼23 GPa. Finally, we predict the single crystal elastic constants and investigate the polycrystalline elastic properties. (paper)
Zhang, Wei; Tong, Peiqing
2012-05-09
The structural, elastic, magnetic and electronic properties of 4d high Neél temperature perovskite (Pv) CaTcO(3) have been studied using density functional theory plus the Hubbard U (DFT+U) method. The degree of correlations of CaTcO(3) is determined with a reasonable value of U. The compound is found to be an indirect band gap semiconductor with G-type antiferromagnetic ordering and large superexchange interactions. Large anisotropic compression behavior is found that is much alike the case of Pv CaIrO(3) reported by recent high pressure experiment. The b and c axes decrease linearly with pressure whereas the a axis nearly keeps constant and even slightly expands after ~23 GPa. Finally, we predict the single crystal elastic constants and investigate the polycrystalline elastic properties. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fabrikant, Ilya I.; Hotop, Hartmut; Allan, Michael
2005-01-01
Cross sections at low energies for vibrationally elastic and inelastic scattering, as well as electron attachment to SF 6 , have been calculated using a multichannel effective range theory (ERT) with complex boundary conditions. The most active vibrational modes, the totally symmetric mode ν 1 and the infrared active mode ν 3 , have been included in the calculation. The ERT parameters were fitted to reproduce the experimental total and attachment cross sections. Differential elastic and vibrational excitation cross sections have been measured at 30 deg. and 135 deg. using a spectrometer with hemispherical analyzers. The calculation reproduces correctly the magnitudes and shapes of the differential elastic and ν 1 , ν 3 , and 2ν 1 excitation cross sections, in particular the sharp structures at vibrational thresholds. The s- and p-wave phase shifts obtained in the present analysis differ from those recently derived by Field et al. [Phys. Rev. A, 69, 052716 (2004)
Effects of electron beam irradiation on elasticity of CFRTP (CF/PEEK)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Takei, Hiroaki; Nishi, Yoshitake; Salvia, Michelle; Vautrin, Alain; Tonegawa, Akira
2011-01-01
Homogeneous low voltage electron beam irradiation (HLEBI) improved the elasticity indicated by both flexural modulus (E f ) and the maximum slope value ((dσ/dε) max ) of the bending stress-strain curve of carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic polyetheretherketone (CFRTP) composite sheets with 0.50 mm thickness, although the penetration depth estimated was from 0.14 to 0.21 mm on both side surfaces. HLEBI remarkably enhanced both E f and (dσ/dε) max . The E f at middle cumulative probability (P E ) of 0.50 for CFRTP irradiated at 0.30 MGy (kJg -1 ) was 3.3 GPa, which was 27% higher (2.6 GPa) than for CFRTP before irradiation. Moreover, (dσ/dε) max at middle cumulative probability (P E =0.50) was more than 4.9 GPa for CFRTP irradiated at 0.30 MGy. The interfacial friction force, as well as the strengthening of both carbon fiber and polyetheretherketone probably contributed to the HLEBI effects to enhance both E f and (dσ/dε) max in the CFRTP. (author)
Biskri, Zine Elabidine; Rached, Habib; Bouchear, Merzoug; Rached, Djamel
2014-04-01
The objective of this study is to investigate theoretically the structural, elastic and electronic properties of Lithium Disilicate (LD) crystal (Li2Si2O5), using the pseudo potential method based on Density Functional Theory (DFT) with the Local Density Approximation (LDA) and the Generalized Gradient Approximation (GGA). The calculated structural properties namely the equilibrium lattice parameters and cell volume are in good agreement with the available experimental results. However, for the LD crystal elastic moduli: Shear modulus G, Young's modulus E and Poisson's ratio ν we have found a discrepancy between our theoretical values and experimental ones reported in polycrystalline sample containing LD crystals. The calculated elastic properties show that LD is more rigid compared with other components. We also investigated the mechanical stability of Li2Si2O5 compound and we have noticed that this compound is stable against elastic deformations. On the basis of shear to bulk modulus ratio analysis, we inferred that Li2Si2O5 compound is brittle in nature. In order to complete the fundamental characteristics of this compound we have measured the elastic anisotropy. Our results for the energy band structure and Density of States (DOS) show that Li2Si2O5 compound has an insulator characteristic. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Deuteron stripping reactions using dirac phenomenology
Hawk, E. A.; McNeil, J. A.
2001-04-01
In this work deuteron stripping reactions are studied using the distorted wave born approximation employing dirac phenomenological potentials. In 1982 Shepard and Rost performed zero-range dirac phenomenological stripping calculations and found a dramatic reduction in the predicted cross sections when compared with similar nonrelativistic calculations. We extend the earlier work by including full finite range effects as well as the deuteron's internal D-state. Results will be compared with traditional nonrelativistic approaches and experimental data at low energy.
Polarized deuteron beam at the Dubna synchrophasotron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ershov, V.P.; Fimushkin, V.V.; Gai, G.I.
1990-01-01
The experimental equipment and setup used to accelerate a polarized deuteron beam at the Dubna synchrophasotron are briefly described. Basic characteristics of the cryogenic source of polarized deuterons POLARIS are presented. The results of measurements of the intensity of the accelerated beam, vector and tensor polarization at the output of the linac LU-20, inside the synchrophasotron ring and in the extracted beam are given. 16 refs.; 9 figs.; 3 tabs
Deuteron structure in the deep inelastic regime
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Garcia Canal, C.A.; Tarutina, T. [Universidad Nacional de La Plata, IFLP/CONICET y Departamento de Fisica, La Plata (Argentina); Vento, V. [Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Departamento de Fisica Teorica-IFIC, Burjassot (Valencia) (Spain)
2017-06-15
We study nuclear effects in the deuteron in the deep inelastic regime using the newest available data. We put special emphasis on their Q{sup 2} dependence. The study is carried out using a scheme which parameterizes, in a simple manner, these effects by changing the proton and neutron stucture functions in medium. The result of our analysis is compared with other recent proposals. We conclude that precise EMC ratios cannot be obtained without considering the nuclear effects in the deuteron. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Clement, H.; Frick, R.; Graw, G.; Schiemenz, P.; Seichert, N.
1983-01-01
The 2 1 + -excitation of deformed nuclei by tensor polarized deuterons provides an alignment of both nuclei and thus a means to study specifically the quadrupole-quadrupole interaction between both nuclei. The tensor analyzing power Asub(xz)(theta) has been measured for the elastic and inelastic scattering on 24 Mg and 28 Si. The coupled channel analysis including a deformed tensor potential reveals a clear signature of the quadrupole-quadrupole part of the nuclear projectile-target interaction. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Surucu, Gokhan, E-mail: g_surucu@yahoo.com [Ahi Evran University, Department of Electric and Energy, 40100, Kirsehir (Turkey); Gazi University, Photonics Application and Research Center, 06500, Ankara (Turkey); Kaderoglu, Cagil [Ankara University, Department of Engineering Physics, 06100, Ankara (Turkey); Deligoz, Engin; Ozisik, Haci [Aksaray University, Department of Physics, 68100, Aksaray (Turkey)
2017-03-01
First principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been used to investigate the structural, anisotropic elastic and electronic properties of ruthenium doped tungsten-diboride ternary compounds (W{sub 1−x}Ru{sub x}B{sub 2}) for an increasing molar fraction of Ru atom from 0.1 to 0.9 by 0.1. Among the nine different compositions, W{sub 0.3}Ru{sub 0.7}B{sub 2} has been found as the most stable one due to the formation energy and band filling theory calculations. Moreover, the band structures and partial density of states (PDOS) have been computed for each x composition. After obtaining the elastic constants for all x compositions, the secondary results such as Bulk modulus, Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio, Shear modulus, and Vickers Hardness of polycrystalline aggregates have been derived and the relevant mechanical properties have been discussed. In addition, the elastic anisotropy has been visualized in detail by plotting the directional dependence of compressibility, Poisson ratio, Young’s and Shear moduli. - Highlights: • Effects of Ru substitution in WB{sub 2} using increased valence electron concentration. • Structural, electronic, mechanic and elastic properties for increasing Ru content. • Considered alloys are incompressible, brittle, stiffer and high hard materials.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
I. S. Timchenko
2015-07-01
Full Text Available For calculating the radiative tails in the spectra of inelastic electron scattering by nuclei, the approximation, namely, the equivalent radiator method (ERM, is used. However, the applicability of this method for evaluating the radiative tail from the elastic scattering peak has been little investigated, and therefore, it has become the subject of the present study for the case of light nuclei. As a result, spectral regions were found, where a significant discrepancy between the ERM calculation and the exact-formula calculation was observed. A link was established between this phenomenon and the diffraction minimum of the squared form-factor of the nuclear ground state. Varieties of calculations were carried out for different kinematics of electron scattering by nuclei. The analysis of the calculation results has shown the conditions, at which the equivalent radiator method can be applied for adequately evaluating the radiative tail of the elastic scattering peak.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pagare, Gitanjali, E-mail: gita-pagare@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, Sarojini Naidu Government Girls P. G. Autonomous College, Bhopal-462016 (India); Jain, Ekta, E-mail: jainekta05@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Government M. L. B. Girls P. G. Autonomous College, Bhopal-462002 (India); Sanyal, S. P., E-mail: sps.physicsbu@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Barkatullah University, Bhopal-462026 (India)
2016-05-06
Structural, electronic, optical and elastic properties of PtZr have been studied using the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within density functional theory (DFT). The energy against volume and enthalpy vs. pressure variation in three different structures i.e. B{sub 1}, B{sub 2} and B{sub 3} for PtZr has been presented. The equilibrium lattice parameter, bulk modulus and its pressure derivative have been obtained using optimization method for all the three phases. Furthermore, electronic structure was discussed to reveal the metallic character of the present compound. The linear optical properties are also studied under zero pressure for the first time. Results on elastic properties are obtained using generalized gradient approximation (GGA) for exchange correlation potentials. Ductile nature of PtZr compound is predicted in accordance with Pugh’s criteria.
Deuteron form factors and e-d polarization observables for the Paris and Graz-II potentials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schwarz, K.; Plessas, W.; Mathelitsch, L.
1983-01-01
Elastic e-d scattering is studied employing the meson-theoretical Paris potential and the non-local separable Graz-II potential. Electric and magnetic form factors are calculated with inclusion of meson-exchange currents and compared to existing experimental data. Deuteron vector and tensor polarizations are predicted and discussed in relation to the deuteron wave functions of the potential models considered. Thereby the off-shell behaviour of the Graz-II interaction is found to be close to that one of the Paris potential over the most important domain of low and moderate off-shell moments. (Author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rached, H.; Rached, D.; Benalia, S. [Laboratoire des Matériaux Magnétiques, Faculté des Sciences, Université Djillali Liabès de Sidi Bel-Abbès, Sidi Bel-Abbès 22000 (Algeria); Reshak, A.H., E-mail: maalidph@yahoo.co.uk [Institute of Complex Systems, FFPW, CENAKVA, University of South Bohemia in CB, Nove Hrady 37333 (Czech Republic); Center of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology, School of Material Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, 01007 Kangar, Perlis (Malaysia); Rabah, M. [Laboratoire des Matériaux Magnétiques, Faculté des Sciences, Université Djillali Liabès de Sidi Bel-Abbès, Sidi Bel-Abbès 22000 (Algeria); Khenata, R. [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique et de Modélisation Mathématique de la Matière (LPQ3M), université de Mascara, Mascara 29000 (Algeria); Bin Omran, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia)
2013-12-16
The structural stabilities, elastic and electronic properties of 5d transition metal mononitrides (TMNs) XN with (X = Ir, Os, Re, W and Ta) and 5d transition metal monocarbides (TMCs) XC with (X = Ir, Os, Re and Ta) were investigated using the full-potential linear muffin-tin orbital (FP-LMTO) method, in the framework of the density functional theory (DFT) within the local density approximation (LDA) for the exchange correlation functional. The ground state quantities such as the lattice parameter, bulks modulus and its pressure derivatives for the six considered crystal structures, Rock-salt (B1), CsCl (B2), zinc-blend (B3), Wurtzite (B4), NiAs (B8{sub 1}) and the tungsten carbides (B{sub h}) are calculated. The elastic constants of TMNs and TMCs compounds in its different stable phases are determined by using the total energy variation with strain technique. The elastic modulus for polycrystalline materials, shear modulus (G), Young's modulus (E), and Poisson's ratio (ν) are calculated. The Debye temperature (θ{sub D}) and sound velocities (v{sub m}) were also derived from the obtained elastic modulus. The analysis of the hardness of the herein studied compounds classifies OsN – (B4 et B8{sub 1}), ReN – (B8{sub 1}), WN – (B8{sub 1}) and OsC – (B8{sub 1}) as superhard materials. Our results for the band structure and densities of states (DOS), show that TMNs and TMCs compounds in theirs energetically and mechanically stable phase has metallic characteristic with strong covalent nature Metal–Nonmetal elements. - Highlights: • Structural stabilities, elastic, electronic properties of 5d TMNs XN are investigated. • 5d TMCs XC with (X = Ir, Os, Re and Ta) were investigated. • The ground state properties for the six considered crystal structure are calculated. • The elastic constants of TMNs and TMCs in its different stable phases are determined. • The elastic modulus for polycrystalline materials, G, E, and ν are calculated.
Qing, Lu; Huai-Yong, Zhang; Yan, Cheng; Xiang-Rong, Chen; Guang-Fu, Ji
2016-02-01
The phase transition, elastic and electronic properties of three phases (phase I, II, and III) of Sb2Te3 are investigated by using the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) with the PBESOL exchange-correlation functional in the framework of density-functional theory. Some basic physical parameters, such as lattice constants, bulk modulus, shear modulus, Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio, acoustic velocity, and Debye temperature Θ are calculated. The obtained lattice parameters under various pressures are consistent with experimental data. Phase transition pressures are 9.4 GPa (I → II) and 14.1 GPa (II → III), which are in agreement with the experimental results. According to calculated elastic constants, we also discuss the ductile or brittle characters and elastic anisotropies of three phases. Phases I and III are brittle, while phase II is ductile. Of the three phases, phase II has the most serious degree of elastic anisotropy and phase III has the slightest one. Finally, we investigate the partial densities of states (PDOSs) of three phases and find that the three phases possess some covalent features. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11204192 and 11174214) and Jointly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the China Academy of Engineering Physics (NSAF) (Grant No. U1430117).
Elastic form factors at higher CEBAF energies
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Petratos, G.G. [Kent State Univ., OH (United States)
1994-04-01
The prospects for elastic scattering from few body systems with higher beam energies at CEBAF is presented. The deuteron and{sup 3}He elastic structure functions A(Q{sup 2}) can be measured at sufficiently high momentum transfers to study the transition between the conventional meson-nucleon and the constituent quark-gluon descriptions. Possible improvements in the proton magnetic form factor data are also presented.
Proceedings of the International symposium Dubna Deuteron-93
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
1994-01-01
Proceedings of international symposium on the deuteron structure problem are given. The results of investigations of hadron-deuteron interactions with polarized and unpolarized beams, lD, γD and NN interactions are discussed
Elastic, dynamical, and electronic properties of LiHg and Li3Hg: First-principles study
Wang, Yan; Hao, Chun-Mei; Huang, Hong-Mei; Li, Yan-Ling
2018-04-01
The elastic, dynamical, and electronic properties of cubic LiHg and Li3Hg were investigated based on first-principles methods. The elastic constants and phonon spectral calculations confirmed the mechanical and dynamical stability of the materials at ambient conditions. The obtained elastic moduli of LiHg are slightly larger than those of Li3Hg. Both LiHg and Li3Hg are ductile materials with strong shear anisotropy as metals with mixed ionic, covalent, and metallic interactions. The calculated Debye temperatures are 223.5 K and 230.6 K for LiHg and Li3Hg, respectively. The calculated phonon frequency of the T2 g mode in Li3Hg is 326.8 cm-1. The p states from the Hg and Li atoms dominate the electronic structure near the Fermi level. These findings may inspire further experimental and theoretical study on the potential technical and engineering applications of similar alkali metal-based intermetallic compounds.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bunyatova, E.I.; Bubnov, N.N. (Joint Inst. for Nuclear Research, Moscow (USSR). Lab. of Nuclear Problems)
1984-01-15
To develop a target with polarised deuterons the chromium (V) complex with deuterated ethanediol ligands was synthesized. The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra were employed to determine the concentration and g-factor of the complex. The procedure to obtain the chromium (V) complex with partly deuterated ethanediol ligands is also discussed.
Bunyatova, E. I.; Bubnov, N. N.
1984-01-01
To develop a target with polarised deuterons the chromium (V) complex with deuterated ethanediol ligands was synthesized. The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra were employed to determine the concentration and g-factor of the complex. The procedure to obtain the chromium (V) complex with partly deuterated ethanediol ligands is also discussed.
Acceleration of deuterons in the KEK accelerator
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kobayashi, Masaaki; Mizumachi, Yoshihiko; Okumura, Shoji.
1975-11-01
A possibility for acceleration of deuterons in the KEK accelerator is presented with some modifications required to the present machine. Deuteron beam of an intensity as high as 350 mA was obtained in the present duoplasmatron ion source. The emittance and acceptane of the 20-MeV proton linac are calculated for deuterons. A modification in the field distribution by means of tuners is considered to save the rf power and to improve the longitudinal emittance. Acceleration in the booster and main synchrotrons as well as in the 180-GeV intersecting storage ring proposed for a KEK future project are discussed. Intensity of the obtainable neutron beam is also estimated. (auth.)
Electron elastic scattering cross sections from 1 keV to 100 MeV for elements Z = 1 to 100
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Storm, E.; Hancock, J.H.
1975-04-01
Tables of electron elastic scattering differential cross sections of elements (Z = 1 to 100) are given for electron energies in the range of 1 keV to 100 MeV and scattering angles in the range of 1 to 179 0 . The function describing the asymmetry of a polarized electron beam after the scattering process is also included in the tables
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hunold, Oliver
2017-08-01
solids a dense B network, characterized by icosahedra-like bonding, provides the required electronic structure. Young's modulus values of amorphous T{sup '}{sub 0.75}Y{sub 0.75}B{sub 14} (a- T{sup '}{sub 0.75}Y{sub 0.75}B{sub 14}, T{sup '} = Sc, Ti, V, Y, Zr, Nb) reach up to 393 GPa for a-Nb{sub 0.75}Y{sub 0.75}B{sub 14}. To critically appraise these predicted data experimentally, a-TiYB{sub 14} and a-ZrYB{sub 14} thin films were synthesized. Chemical composition analysis revealed the presence of high oxygen impurities. The measured Young's modulus values for a-TiYB{sub 14} (301±8 GPa) and a-ZrYB{sub 14} (306±9 GPa) were more than 20% smaller than the predicted ones but still comparable to other hard coatings. These deviations can be rationalized based on theoretical data revealing that the presence of oxygen impurities disrupts the dense 8 network causing a concomitant decrease in molar density and Young's modulus. This in turn highlights the possible usage of amorphous transition metal borides, which can even be synthesized at room temperature, exhibiting stiffness values of up to 82% compared to TiB{sub 2}. Therefore, as a first step towards applications, the suitability of a-AlYB{sub 14} as a coating for polymer forming was investigated. The influence of surface oxidation on the interaction between CH{sub 4} and a-AlYB{sub 14} has been studied theoretically by using OFT and experimentally by ultra-high vacuum - atomic force microscopy. Theory and experiments show the same trend as interaction increases for the oxidized scenario. Oxygen chemisorption induces changes in surface bonding leading to the higher interaction for the latter case. The data serve as proof of concept for the here implemented research strategy for exploring polymer - hard coating interactions in varying atmospheres based on cerrelative experimental and theoretical methods. The results of this work contribute to the understanding of the electronic structure-elasticity
Dependence of P-D and α-D scattering on deuteron cluster size
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kumar, Kiran; Jain, A.K.
The elastic scattering of protons and of alpha particles on a deuteron cluster, needed in the analysis of deuteron cluster knock-out reactions, have been investigated. The P-D elastic scattering angular distributions have been calculated for 90 MeV and 155 MeV incident energies using Born approximation. The d-α scattering calculations have been carried out in Born approximation as well as in a resonating group formalisms. In the Born approximation the d-α scattering has been treated: (a) in terms of phenomenological n-α interaction and (b) in terms of nucleon-nucleon interaction with a fully antisymmetrized six particle wave function; here the double exchange terms are found to be insignificant compared to single exchange terms. The resonating group method using a phenomenological n-α interaction gives a marked improvement over Born approximation results. The influence of deuteron cluster size on these cross sections has been found to be very significant at medium energies. (auth.)
Relativistic deuteron wave function on light front
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Karmanov, V.A.
1980-01-01
In the framework of the one boson exchange model the approximate analytical expression for the deuteron wave function (WF) at relativistic relative momenta is obtained. WF depends on extra variable having the form of a unit vector and is determined by six functions instead of two ones (S-and D-waves) in the nonrelativistic case. At moderate momenta the WF is matched with WF in the Reid model. It is emphasized the importance of indication of the qualitative observed phenomena associated with change of parametrization and spin structure of relativistic deuteron WF
Dispersion relation for elastic electron-hydrogen atom forward scattering amplitude
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kuchiev, M.Yu.; Amusia, M.Ya.
1978-01-01
The elastic e+H forward scattering amplitude is an analytical function in the complex energy E plane and has two cuts on the real axis: 0 < E < infinity and -infinity < E < -B, B being the hydrogen ionization potential. The e+H dispersion relation contains two integrals over the right and left cuts. (Auth.)
Measurement of the Proton and Deuteron Spin Structure Functions G1 and G2
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tobias, Al
2003-04-02
The SLAC experiment E155 was a deep-inelastic scattering experiment that scattered polarized electrons off polarized proton and deuteron targets in the effort to measure precisely the proton and deuteron spin structure functions. The nucleon structure functions g{sub 1} and g{sub 2} are important quantities that help test our present models of nucleon structure. Such information can help quantify the constituent contributions to the nucleon spin. The structure functions g{sub 1}{sup p} and G{sub 1}{sup d} have been measured over the kinematic range 0.01 {le} x {le} 0.9 and 1 {le} Q{sup 2} {le} 40 GeV{sup 2} by scattering 48.4 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons off longitudinally polarized protons and deuterons. In addition, the structure functions g{sub 2}{sup p} and g{sub 2}{sup d} have been measured over the kinematic range 0.01 {le} x {le} 0.7 and 1 {le} Q{sup 2} {le} 17 GeV{sup 2} by scattering 38.8 GeV longitudinally polarized electrons off transversely polarized protons and deuterons. The measurements of g{sub 1} confirm the Bjorken sum rule and find the net quark polarization to be {Delta}{Sigma} = 0.23 {+-} 0.04 {+-} 0.6 while g{sub 2} is found to be consistent with the g{sub 2}{sup WW} model.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Adams, D.; Adeva, B.; Akdogan, T.; Arik, E.; Arvidson, A.; Badelek, B; Bardin, G.; Baum, G.; Berglund, P.; Betev, L.; Birsa, R.; Bjoerkholm, P.; Bonner, B.E.; Botton, N. de E-mail: nico.de.botton@cern.ch; Boutemeur, M.; Bradamante, F.; Bravar, A.; Bressan, A.; Bueltmann, S.; Burtin, E.; Cavata, C.; Clocchiatti, M.; Crabb, D.; Cranshaw, J.; Cuhadar, T.; Dalla Torre, S.; Dantzig, R. van; Derro, B.; Deshpande, A.; Dhawan, S.; Dulya, C.; Dyring, A.; Eichblatt, S.; Faivre, J.C.; Fasching, D.; Feinstein, F.; Fernandez, C.; Forthmann, S.; Frois, B.; Gallas, A.; Garzon, J.A.; Gatignon, L.; Gaussiran, T.; Gilly, H.; Giorgi, M.; Goeler, E. von; Goertz, S.; Golutvin, I.A.; Gracia, G.; Groot, N. de; Grosse Perdekamp, M.; Haft, K.; Harrach, D. von; Hasegawa, T.; Hautle, P.; Hayashi, N.; Heusch, C.A.; Horikawa, N.; Hughes, V.W.; Igo, G.; Ishimoto, S.; Iwata, T.; Kabuss, E.M.; Kageya, T.; Karev, A.; Kessler, H.J.; Ketel, T.J.; Kiryluk, J.; Kiryushin, I.; Kishi, A.; Kisselev, Yu.; Klostermann, L.; Kraemer, D.; Krivokhijine, V.; Kroeger, W.; Kukhtin, V.; Kurek, K.; Kyynaeraeinen, J.; Lamanna, M.; Landgraf, U.; Le Goff, J.M.; Lehar, F.; Lesquen, A. de; Lichtenstadt, J.; Lindqvist, T.; Litmaath, M.; Lowe, M.; Magnon, A.; Mallot, G.K.; Marie, F.; Martin, A.; Martino, J.; Matsuda, T.; Mayes, B.; McCarthy, J.S.; Medved, K.; Meyer, W.; Middelkoop, G. van; Miller, D.; Miyachi, Y.; Mori, K.; Moromisato, J.; Nagaitsev, A.; Nassalski, J.; Naumann, L.; Niinikoski, T.O.; Oberski, J.E.J.; Ogawa, A.; Ozben, C.; Pereira, H.; Perrot-Kunne, F.; Peshekhonov, D.; Piegaia, R.; Pinsky, L.; Platchkov, S.; Plo, M.; Pose, D.; Postma, H.; Pretz, J.; Pussieux, T.; Raedel, G.; Rijllart, A.; Reicherz, G.; Roberts, J.B.; Rock, S.; Rodriguez, M.; Rondio, E.; Ropelewski, L.; Sabo, I.; Saborido, J.; Sandacz, A; Savin, I.; Schiavon, P.; Schiller, A.; Schueler, K.P.; Seitz, R.; Semertzidis, Y.; Sergeev, S.; Shanahan, P.; Sichtermann, E.P.; Simeoni, F.; Smirnov, G.I.; Staude, A.; Steinmetz, A. [and others
2000-03-21
A muon beam polarimeter was built for the SMC experiment at the CERN SPS, for beam energies of 100 and 190 GeV. The beam polarisation is determined from the asymmetry in the elastic scattering off the polarised electrons of a ferromagnetic target whose magnetisation is periodically reversed. At muon energies of 100 and 190 GeV the measured polarisation is P{sub {mu}}=-0.80{+-}0.03 (stat.){+-}0.02 (syst.) and P{sub {mu}}=-0.797{+-}0.011 (stat.){+-}0.012 (syst.), respectively. These results agree with measurements of the beam polarisation using a shape analysis of the decay positron energy spectrum.
The deuteron accelerator preliminary design for BISOL
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Peng, S.X., E-mail: sxpeng@pku.edu.cn; Zhu, F.; Wang, Z.; Gao, Y.; Guo, Z.Y.
2016-06-01
BISOL, which was named as Beijing-ISOL before (Cui et al., 2013), is the abbreviation of Beijing Isotope-Separation-On-Line neutron beam facility. It is proposed jointly by Peking University (PKU) and China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE) for basic science study and application. It is a double driven facility that can be driven by a reactor or a deuteron accelerator. The deuteron driver accelerator should accelerate the deuteron beam up to 40 MeV with maximum beam current of 10 mA. Proton beams up to 33 MeV and He{sup 2+} beams up to 81.2 MeV can also be accelerated in this accelerator. The accelerator can be operated on either CW (continuous waveform) or pulsed mode, and the ion energy can be adjusted in a wide range. The accelerator will also allow independent operation of the RIB (Radioactive Ion Beams) system. It will be mainly charged by PKU group. Details of the deuteron accelerator preliminary design for BISOL will be given in this paper.
Intermediate energy nucleon-deuteron scattering theory.
Wilson, J. W.
1973-01-01
Sloan's conclusion (1969) that terms of the multiple-scattering series beyond single scattering contribute only to S- and P-wave amplitudes in an S-wave separable model is examined. A comparison of experiments with the calculation at 146 MeV shows that the conclusion is valid in nucleon-deuteron scattering applications.
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Hemzalová, P.; Friák, Martin; Šob, Mojmír; Ma, D.; Udyansky, A.; Raabe, D.; Neugebauer, J.
2013-01-01
Roč. 88, č. 17 (2013), Art. no. 174103 ISSN 1098-0121 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP108/12/0311; GA ČR GD106/09/H035; GA AV ČR IAA100100920 Institutional support: RVO:68081723 Keywords : nitrides * ab initio * thermodynamics * elasticity Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.664, year: 2013
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kobushkin, A.P.; Vizireva, L.
1981-01-01
A study of the nature of the short-range few-nucleon correlations in nuclei is proposed in the polarized high-energy deuteron fragmentation experiments. The presence of 6q-state in deuteron with probability of several percents is shown to change essentially the cross-section behaviour of this process in the momentum region where the fraction of the deuteron momentum carried out by proton in the infinite momentum frame is about 0.78. It is shown how the character of the cross-section of the transverse polarized deuteron fragmentation is changed depending on the parameters of 6q-admixure in deuteron [ru
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Elhandi, S.; Taj, S.; Attaourti, Y.; Manaut, B.; Oufni, L.
2010-01-01
The effect of the electron's anomalous magnetic moment on the relativistic electronic dressing for the process of electron-hydrogen atom elastic collisions is investigated. We consider a laser field with circular polarization and various electric field strengths. The Dirac-Volkov states taking into account this anomaly are used to describe the process in the first order of perturbation theory. The correlation between the terms coming from this anomaly and the electric field strength gives rise to the strong dependence of the spinor part of the differential cross section (DCS) with respect to these terms. A detailed study has been devoted to the nonrelativistic regime as well as the moderate relativistic regime. Some aspects of this dependence as well as the dynamical behavior of the DCS in the relativistic regime have been addressed.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kerimov, B.K.; Al'-Khamisi, I.M.; Safin, M.Ya.; Ishankuliev, D.
1980-01-01
Obtained were general analytical solutions for the correction of the second Born approximation to the cross section of elastic scattering of fast electrons by nuclei with provision for both pure electric and pure magnetic scatterings and a contribution resulted from their interference. The given formulae for the cross sections are written in the form independent of model representations of nuclear form factors and can be used both for light and heavy nuclei. A contribution to the cross section of the second Born approximation resulted from the interference of electron interaction with the Coulomb field as well as with nuclear magnetic dipole moment has been calculated. The stidy on the contribution of higher-order multipole momenta may be analogically carried out on the basis of the general formulae given in the Appendix
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hui Niu
2012-09-01
Full Text Available Systematic first-principles calculations based on density functional theory were performed on a wide range of Ln2TiO5 compositions (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy and Y in order to investigate their structural, elastic, electronic, and thermal properties. At low temperature, these compounds crystallize in orthorhombic structures with a Pnma symmetry, and the calculated equilibrium structural parameters agree well with experimental results. A complete set of elastic parameters including elastic constants, Hill's bulk moduli, Young's moduli, shear moduli and Poisson's ratio were calculated. All Ln2TiO5 are ductile in nature. Analysis of densities of states and charge densities and electron localization functions suggests that the oxide bonds are highly ionic with some degree of covalency in the Ti-O bonds. Thermal properties including the mean sound velocity, Debye temperature, and minimum thermal conductivity were obtained from the elastic constants.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jalilian, Jaafar
2015-01-01
Highlights: • There is not half-metallicity gap in both spin channels. • The intraband transition has remarkable effects on optical properties of heusler compounds. • The correct elastic parameters have been presented. - Abstract: In a recent article by Rai et al. (2014), the electronic, magnetic, optical and elastic properties of Cu 2 MnAl heusler have been studied by using FPLAPW method. I studied their article and I found that there are some mistakes in represented electronic, optical and elastic data. The intraband contribution has not been considered in investigating optical properties. Also the values of elastic constants are very different from the experimental and my computed values. I investigated all data again by using similar method, so each spectrum has been compared with Rai et al. calculations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Munjal, N; Sharma, G; Vyas, V [Department of Physics, Banasthali University, Banasthali-304022 (India); Sharma, V; Lowther, J E [School of Physics and DST/NRF Centre of Excellence in Strong Materials, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg-2050 (South Africa); Sharma, B K, E-mail: gsphysics@gmail.com [Department of Physics, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur-302004 (India)
2011-09-15
Ab-initio methods have been employed to investigate the electronic and elastic properties of beryllium chalcogenides (namely BeS, BeSe and BeTe). The electron momentum density, autocorrelation function and energy band gap have been computed using the linear combination of atomic orbitals method. Using the full potential linearized augmented plane-wave and projector-augmented wave methods, the energy bands and density of states (DOS) along with elastic properties are also calculated. The electronic band structure, total and partial DOS and elastic moduli obtained from the present calculations are found to be in good agreement with available earlier data. The calculated valence band width, equal valence electron density curve and bulk modulus confirm the trend of ionicity BeS>BeSe>BeTe.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Munjal, N; Sharma, G; Vyas, V; Sharma, V; Lowther, J E; Sharma, B K
2011-01-01
Ab-initio methods have been employed to investigate the electronic and elastic properties of beryllium chalcogenides (namely BeS, BeSe and BeTe). The electron momentum density, autocorrelation function and energy band gap have been computed using the linear combination of atomic orbitals method. Using the full potential linearized augmented plane-wave and projector-augmented wave methods, the energy bands and density of states (DOS) along with elastic properties are also calculated. The electronic band structure, total and partial DOS and elastic moduli obtained from the present calculations are found to be in good agreement with available earlier data. The calculated valence band width, equal valence electron density curve and bulk modulus confirm the trend of ionicity BeS>BeSe>BeTe.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Puvaneswari, S. [Department of Physics, E.M.G. Yadava Women' s College, Madurai, Tamilnadu 625 014 (India); Rajeswarapalanichamy, R., E-mail: rrpcaspd2003@gmail.com [Department of Physics, N.M.S.S. Vellaichamy Nadar College, Madurai, Tamilnadu 625019 (India); Sudha Priyanga, G. [Department of Physics, N.M.S.S. Vellaichamy Nadar College, Madurai, Tamilnadu 625019 (India)
2015-02-01
The structural stability, electronic structure, elastic and superconducting properties of noble metal nitrides MN{sub 2} (M = Ru, Rh, Pd) are investigated in tetragonal (P4/mbm), fluorite (Fm3m), orthorhombic (Pnnm), pyrite (Pa-3) and hexagonal (P6/mmm) phases using first principles calculations. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with other theoretical results. Among the considered structures, RhN{sub 2} and PdN{sub 2} are found to be most stable in tetragonal structure, whereas RuN{sub 2} is stable in fluorite structure. A sequence of structural phase transition is predicted under high pressure in these metal nitrides. The electronic structure reveals that these nitrides are metallic. These metal nitrides are found to be covalent, ionic and metallic in the stable phase. The observations show that these metal nitrides are mechanically stable at ambient condition. The superconducting transition temperatures for RuN{sub 2}, RhN{sub 2} and PdN{sub 2} are found to be 1.65 K, 5.01 K and 8.7 K respectively. - Highlights: • Electronic, structural and elastic properties of RuN{sub 2}, RhN{sub 2} and PdN{sub 2} are studied. • A pressure induced structural phase transition is predicted. • Electronic structure reveals that these materials exhibit metallic behavior. • High bulk modulus indicates that RuN{sub 2}, RhN{sub 2} and PdN{sub 2} are superhard materials. • Superconducting temperature values are reported.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Galambos, J.D.
1983-01-01
The effects of Nuclear Elastic Scattering (NES) of fusion products and modifications of the ion-electron equilibration power on D-T and D-based advanced-fuel fusion plasmas are presented here. The processes causing the modifications to the equilibration power included here are: (1) depletion of low-energy electrons by Coulomb collisions with the ions; and (2) magnetic field effects on the energy transfer between the ions and the electrons. Both NES and the equilibration modifications affect the flow of power to the plasma ions, which is an important factor in the analysis of advanced-fuels. A Hot Ion Mode (HIM) analysis was used to investigate the changes in the minimum ignition requirements for Cat-D and D- 3 He plasmas, due to the changes in the allowable T/sub i/T/sub e/ for ignition from NES and equilibration modifications. Both of these effects have the strongest influence on the ignition requirements for high temperature (>50 keV), low beta (<15%) plasmas, where the cyclotron radiation power loss from the electrons (which is particularly sensitive to changes in the electron temperature) is large
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Al-Khamiesi, I.M.; Kerimov, B.K.
1988-01-01
Second Born approximation corrections to electron scattering by nuclei with arbitrary spin are considered. Explicit integral expressions for the charge, magnetic dipole and interference differential cross sections are obtained. Magnetic and interference relative corrections are then investigated in the case of backward electron scattering using shell model form factors for nuclear targets 9 Be, 10 B, and 14 N. To understand exponential growth of these corrections with square of the electron energy K 0 2 , the case of electron scattering by 6 Li is considered using monopole model charge form factor with power-law asymptotics. 11 refs., 2 figs. (author)
Bhatia, A. K.
2014-01-01
In previous papers [A. K. Bhatia, Phys. Rev. A 85, 052708 (2012); 86, 032709 (2012); 87, 042705 (2013)] electron-H, -He+, and -Li2+ P-wave scattering phase shifts were calculated using the variational polarized orbital theory. This method is now extended to the singlet and triplet D-wave scattering in the elastic region. The long-range correlations are included in the Schrodinger equation by using the method of polarized orbitals variationally. Phase shifts are compared to those obtained by other methods. The present calculation provides results which are rigorous lower bonds to the exact phase shifts. Using the presently calculated D-wave and previously calculated S-wave continuum functions, photoionization of singlet and triplet P states of He and Li+ are also calculated, along with the radiative recombination rate coefficients at various electron temperatures.
Positron beam production with a deuteron accelerator
Cassidy, D B; Shefer, R E; Klinkowstein, R; Hughey, B J
2002-01-01
A graphite target was bombarded with 1.5 MeV deuterons, producing the isotope sup 1 sup 3 N, which is a positron emitter. Using the activated material a slow positron beam with an intensity of 0.7 (0.14)x10 sup 5 s sup - sup 1 was produced. A (saturated) sup 1 sup 3 N yield of 63 (11) MBq/mu A was observed, with 1.5 MeV deuterons, which is consistent with previous calculations and experiments. Our results show that, with the method we outline, positron beams with an average intensity of up to 1x10 sup 8 s sup - sup 1 may be produced.
The spin structure of the deuteron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frois, B.
1993-01-01
The SMC collaboration has measured for the first time the spin-dependent structure function g 1 d of the deuteron in the deep inelastic scattering of polarized muons on polarized deuterons. The first moment is smaller than the prediction of the Ellis-Jaffe sum rules. It was found that the fraction of the nucleon spin carried by strange quarks Δs is appreciable and negative. Using earlier measurements of g 1 p , the first moment of the spin-dependent neutron structure function g 1 n is calculated. The combined analysis of all the available data on the spin-dependent structure functions of the nucleon shows an excellent agreement among the data sets. No significant deviations from the prediction of the Bjorken sum-rule has been found. (author) 52 refs., 19 figs., 2 tabs
Composite nucleon approach to the deuteron problem
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Agarwal, B.K.
1975-01-01
A composite model is suggested for the nucleons by assuming a long-range strong gluon force between a diquark boson B and a quark A. In the proton, A is trapped inside B in an oscillator potential; and in the neutron, A is on the surface of B in a hydrogenlike state. Nucleon form factors are obtained in agreement with experiments. The model contains a mechanism for a large effective mass of the quark A. When B is identified with π and A with μ, one can fix the gluon charge value and obtain the magnetic moments of the proton and neutron. The (μπ) atomic model for the nucleon can be used to construct the deuteron on a hydrogen molecule model. It leads to values for the binding energy, electric quadrupole moment, and form factors of the deuteron that are in agreement with experiments
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wang, Biao [Southern Methodist U.
2017-01-01
We use the NOvA near detector and the NuMI beam at Fermilab to study the neutrino- electron elastic scattering and the muon neutrino magnetic process beyond the Standard Model physics. The particle identications of neutrino on electron elastic scattering are trained by using the multi-layer neural networks. This thesis provides a general discussion of this technique and shows a good agreement between data and MC for the neutrino-electron elastic weak scattering. So that beneting from the precise cross-section of this channel, we are able to tune the neutrino beam ux simulation in the future. Giving the exposure of 3:62 1020 POT in the NOvA near detector, we report 1:58 10
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sharma, V.; Pilania, G.
2013-01-01
Using first principles computations, we have investigated the structural, electronic, magnetic, optical and elastic properties of Fe 2 YAl (Y=Ti, V and Cr) Heusler alloys. The present study reveals that for the majority-spin state, Fe 2 CrAl compound has high density of states and shows a 100% spin polarization in the vicinity of the Fermi level. Our results also suggest that both the electronic and magnetic properties and also the Fermi surface of the Fe 2 CrAl are intrinsically related to the appearance of the minority-spin gap. The origin of energy gap in the minority-spin states is discussed in terms of the d–d hybridization between the Fe and Cr atoms. The Fermi surface structure and optical properties are explored within the framework of the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method. The origin of Fermi surface structure is discussed in terms of energy bands in the majority-spin states near the Fermi level. The calculated dielectric functions and other optical properties are found to be in good agreement with earlier experimental results. In addition, the independent elastic constants of these Heusler alloys are also derived from the derivative of total energy as a function of lattice strain in full detail. The analysis of the ratio between the bulk and shear moduli confirms that all three compounds are found to be brittle in nature. Furthermore, as a representative case, we have also carried out the spin-polarized relativistic Korringa–Kohn–Rostoker (SPR-KKR) method based on calculations to obtain the magnetic Compton profiles (MCPs) for momentum transfer along [100], [110], and [111] principal directions and also investigated the anisotropy in the spin-dependent Compton profiles. - Highlights: • We report the electronic, magnetic, optical and elastic properties of some Heusler alloys. • The Fermi surface is discussed in terms of energy bands in the vicinity of Fermi level. • The anisotropy in the directional magnetic
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wolcott, Jeremy [Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)
2016-01-01
Appearance-type neutrino oscillation experiments, which observe the transition from muon neutrinos to electron neutrinos, promise to help answer some of the fundamental questions surrounding physics in the post-Standard-Model era. Because they wish to observe the interactions of electron neutrinos in their detectors, and because the power of current results is typically limited by their systematic uncertainties, these experiments require precise estimates of the cross-section for electron neutrino interactions. Of particular interest is the charged-current quasi-elastic (CCQE) process, which gures signi cantly in the composition of the reactions observed at the far detector. However, no experimental measurements of this crosssection currently exist for electron neutrinos; instead, current experiments typically work from the abundance of muon neutrino CCQE cross-section data and apply corrections from theoretical arguments to obtain a prediction for electron neutrinos. Veri cation of these predictions is challenging due to the di culty of constructing an electron neutrino beam, but the advent of modern high-intensity muon neutrino beams|together with the percent-level electron neutrino impurity inherent in these beams| nally presents the opportunity to make such a measurement. We report herein the rst-ever measurement of a cross-section for an exclusive state in electron neutrino scattering, which was made using the MINER A detector in the NuMI neutrino beam at Fermilab. We present the electron neutrino CCQE di erential cross-sections, which are averaged over neutrinos of energies 1-10 GeV (with mean energy of about 3 GeV), in terms of various kinematic variables: nal-state electron angle, nal-state electron energy, and the square of the fourmomentum transferred to the nucleus by the neutrino , Q^{2}. We also provide a total cross-section vs. neutrino energy. While our measurement of this process is found to be in agreement with the predictions of the GENIE
COMMISSIONING OF RHIC DEUTERON - GOLD COLLISIONS.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
SATOGATA,T.AHRENS,L.BAI,M.BEEBE-WANG,J.
2003-05-12
Deuteron and gold beams have been accelerated to a collision energy of {radical}s = 200 GeV/u in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), providing the first asymmetric-species collisions of this complex. Necessary changes for this mode of operation include new ramping software and asymmetric crossing angle geometries. This paper reviews machine performance, problem encountered and their solutions, and accomplishments during the 16 weeks of ramp-up and operations.
Deuteron stripping reactions with Tabakin potential
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Osman, A.
1976-05-01
Deuteron stripping reactions are considered. Due to the strong repulsion between nucleons at very short distances, we have investigated the nuclear short-range correlations. The neutron proton nuclear potential in the deuteron is taken as a short-range repulsive core surrounded by a long-range attractive potential. The neutron-proton potential is taken as the Tabakin separable potential to take into account the short-range correlations. The differential cross-sections for deuteron stripping reactions have been calculated in two different cases by taking Yamaguchi or Breit et al type parameters for the Tabakin potential used. The angular distributions for different (d,p) stripping reactions on the different target nuclei 28 Si, 32 , 34 S, 36 Ar, 40 , 48 Ca, 50 , 52 , 54 Cr have been calculated using the DWBA calculations. Our present theoretical calculations for the angular distributions of the different reactions cosidered have been fitted to the experimental data, where good agreement is obtained. The extracted spectroscopic factors from the present work are found to be more reliable
Search for Δ-Δ component in deuteron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asai, M.; Endo, I.; Harada, M.
1989-10-01
We investigated the Δ-Δ states in deuteron by Δ-spectator method in γd reaction. No candidates for spectator Δ ++ originating in deuteron were observed. An upper limit of the Δ-Δ state in deuteron was estimated as 0.14 % at the 95 % CL. This limit is consistent with most of the existing data, but it is incompatible with an earlier measurement with photons of higher energies. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Liu, Na; Wang, Xueye, E-mail: wxueye@xtu.edu.cn; Wan, Yali
2015-07-15
The effects of pressure on the structural, elastic and electronic properties of Ir{sub 3}Zr are investigated by means of the first-principles calculations based on the density functional theory with generalized gradient approximation and local density approximation methods. The calculated lattice parameters and elastic modulus of Ir{sub 3}Zr at zero pressure are in good agreement with available experimental and theoretical results. The values of elastic constants (C{sub 11}, C{sub 12}, C{sub 44}), bulk modulus (B), shear modulus (G), Young modulus (E), Poisson's ratio (υ), anisotropy index (A) and Debye temperature (T{sub D}) present the linearly increasing dependences on the external pressure. Additionally, the B/G values exhibit an upward trend with increasing pressure, which means that higher pressure can improve its ductility. Ir{sub 3}Zr exhibits a brittle characteristic at zero pressure. When the pressure reaches 10 GPa, the Cauchy pressure and B/G value show ductile feature. In addition, the pressure-dependence behavior of density of states, Mulliken charge and bond length are analyzed. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • The elastic and electronic properties of Ir{sub 3}Zr under pressure are investigated. • The elastic constants, elastic moduli increase with the pressure increasing. • When the pressure reaches 10 GPa, Ir{sub 3}Zr changes from brittle to ductile. • Ir{sub 3}Zr remains as a stable structure and no structural transition under pressure.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Frabboni, Stefano [Department FIM, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via G. Campi 213/a, 41125 Modena (Italy); CNR-Institute of Nanoscience-S3, Via G. Campi 213/a, 41125 Modena (Italy); Gazzadi, Gian Carlo [CNR-Institute of Nanoscience-S3, Via G. Campi 213/a, 41125 Modena (Italy); Grillo, Vincenzo [CNR-Institute of Nanoscience-S3, Via G. Campi 213/a, 41125 Modena (Italy); CNR-IMEM, Parco delle Scienze 37a, 43100 Parma (Italy); Pozzi, Giulio [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, Viale B. Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna (Italy)
2015-07-15
Modern nanotechnology tools allowed us to prepare slits of 90 nm width and 450 nm spacing in a screen almost completely opaque to 200 keV electrons. Then by covering both slits with a layer of amorphous material and carrying out the experiment in a conventional transmission electron microscope equipped with an energy filter we can demonstrate that the diffraction pattern, taken by selecting the elastically scattered electrons, shows the presence of interference fringes, but with a bimodal envelope which can be accounted for by taking into account the non-constant thickness of the deposited layer. However, the intensity of the inelastically scattered electrons in the diffraction plane is very broad and at the limit of detectability. Therefore the experiment was repeated using an aluminum film and a microscope also equipped with a Schottky field emission gun. It was thus possible to observe also the image due to the inelastically scattered electron, which does not show interference phenomena both in the Fraunhofer or Fresnel regimes. If we assume that inelastic scattering through the thin layer covering the slits provides the dissipative process of interaction responsible for the localization mechanism, then these experiments can be considered a variant of the Feynman which-way thought experiment. - Highlights: • Fabrication by focused ion beam and electron beam induced deposition of two slits covered by electron transparent materials. • Two slits interference experiment with elastic and inelastic electrons. • Analysis of Fraunhofer and Fresnel images of the two slits formed with elastic and inelastic (plasmon loss) electrons.
Adams, D; Adeva, B; Akdogan, T; Arik, E; Arvidson, A; Badelek, B; Bardin, G; Baum, G; Berglund, P; Betev, L; Birsa, R; Björkholm, P; Bonner, B E; De Botton, N R; Boutemeur, M; Bradamante, Franco; Bravar, A; Bressan, A; Bültmann, S; Burtin, E; Cavata, C; Clocchiatti, M; Crabb, D; Cranshaw, J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Dalla Torre, S; Van Dantzig, R; Derro, B R; Deshpande, A A; Dhawan, S K; Dulya, C M; Dyring, A; Eichblatt, S; Faivre, Jean-Claude; Fasching, D; Feinstein, F; Fernández, C; Forthmann, S; Frois, Bernard; Gallas, A; Garzón, J A; Gatignon, L; Gaussiran, T; Gilly, H; Giorgi, M A; von Goeler, E; Görtz, S; Golutvin, I A; Gracia, G; De Groot, N; Grosse-Perdekamp, M; Haft, K; Von Harrach, D; Hasegawa, T; Hautle, P; Hayashi, N; Heusch, C A; Horikawa, N; Hughes, V W; Igo, G; Ishimoto, S; Iwata, T; Kabuss, E M; Kageya, T; Karev, A G; Kessler, H J; Ketel, T; Kiryluk, J; Kiryushin, Yu T; Kishi, A; Kiselev, Yu F; Klostermann, L; Krämer, Dietrich; Krivokhizhin, V G; Kröger, W; Kukhtin, V V; Kurek, K; Kyynäräinen, J; Lamanna, M; Landgraf, U; Le Goff, J M; Lehár, F; de Lesquen, A; Lichtenstadt, J; Lindqvist, T; Litmaath, M; Loewe, M; Magnon, A; Mallot, G K; Marie, F; Martin, A; Martino, J; Matsuda, T; Mayes, B W; McCarthy, J S; Medved, K S; Meyer, W T; Van Middelkoop, G; Miller, D; Miyachi, Y; Mori, K; Moromisato, J H; Nagaitsev, A P; Nassalski, J P; Naumann, Lutz; Niinikoski, T O; Oberski, J; Ogawa, A; Ozben, C; Pereira, H; Perrot-Kunne, F; Peshekhonov, V D; Piegaia, R; Pinsky, L; Platchkov, S K; Pló, M; Pose, D; Postma, H; Pretz, J; Pussieux, T; Rädel, G; Rijllart, A; Reicherz, G; Roberts, J B; Rock, S E; Rodríguez, M; Rondio, Ewa; Ropelewski, Leszek; Sabo, I; Saborido, J; Sandacz, A; Savin, I A; Schiavon, R P; Schiller, A; Schüler, K P; Seitz, R; Semertzidis, Y K; Sergeev, S; Shanahan, P; Sichtermann, E P; Simeoni, F; Smirnov, G I; Staude, A; Steinmetz, A; Stiegler, U; Stuhrmann, H B; Szleper, M; Tessarotto, F; Thers, D; Tlaczala, W; Tripet, A; Ünel, G; Velasco, M; Vogt, J; Voss, Rüdiger; Whitten, C; Windmolders, R; Willumeit, R; Wislicki, W; Witzmann, A; Ylöstalo, J; Zanetti, A M; Zaremba, K; Zamiatin, N I; Zhao, J
2000-01-01
A muon beam polarimeter was built for the SMC experiment at the CERN SPS, for beam energies of 100 and 190 GeV. The beam polarisation is determined from the asymmetry in the elastic scattering off the polarised electrons of a ferromagnetic target whose magnetisation is periodically reversed. At muon energies of 100 and 190~GeV the measured polarisation is $P_{\\mu}=-0.80 \\pm 0.03 (stat.)\\pm 0.02 (syst.)$ and $P_{\\mu}=-0.797 \\pm 0.011 (stat.)\\pm 0.012 (syst.)$, respectively. These results agree with measurements of the beam polarisation using a shape analysis of the decay positron energy spectrum.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jain, Ekta, E-mail: jainekta05@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Government M. L. B. Girls P. G. Autonomous College, Bhopal-462002 (India); Pagare, Gitanjali, E-mail: gita-pagare@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, Sarojini Naidu Government Girls P. G. Autonomous College, Bhopal-462016 (India); Sanyal, S. P., E-mail: sps.physicsbu@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Barkatullah University, Bhopal-462026 (India)
2016-05-06
The structural, electronic, elastic, mechanical and thermal properties of AlFe intermetallic compound in B{sub 2}-type (CsCl) structure have been investigated using first-principles calculations. The exchange-correlation term was treated within generalized gradient approximation. Ground state properties i.e. lattice constants (a{sub 0}), bulk modulus (B) and first-order pressure derivative of bulk modulus (B’) are presented. The density of states are derived which show the metallic character of present compound. Our results for C{sub 11}, C{sub 12} and C{sub 44} agree well with previous theoretical data. Using Pugh’s criteria (B/G{sub H} < 1.75), brittle character of AlFe is satisfied. In addition shear modulus (G{sub H}), Young’s modulus (E), sound wave velocities and Debye temperature (θ{sub D}) have also been estimated.
Santilli’s hadronic mechanics of formation of deuteron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dhondge, Sudhakar S.
2015-01-01
In the present communication a brief review of the structure of deuteron proposed by Professor Santilli [1, 2] and its physical properties have been presented. Although Deuteron is a simple molecule, quantum mechanics has been unable to explain its different properties like the spin, magnetic moment, binding energy, stability, charge radius, dipole moment, etc. However, the Hadronic Mechanics developed by Santilli and applied by him [1, 2] to deuteron has succeeded in explaining the above properties to the scientific satisfaction. Santilli proposed Deuteron as a three body system which could take care of all the insufficiencies of quantum mechanics
The deuteron bound state wave function with tensor forces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Takemasa, Tadashi
1991-01-01
A FORTRAN program named DEUTERON is developed to calculate the binding energy and wave function of a deuteron, when the interaction between two nucleons is described in terms of central, tensor, spin-orbit, and quadratic LS potentials with or without a hard core. An important use of the program is to provide the deuteron wave function required in nuclear reaction calculations involving a deuteron. Also, this program may be employed in nuclear Hartree-Fock calculations using an effective nucleon-nucleon interaction with a tensor component. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schneider, H.
1978-06-01
The mechanism of the quasifree scattering (QFS) in the reaction dd → dpn has been investigated systematically by means of kinematically complete coincidence experiments using 52 MeV deuterons. In order to measure the angular distributions of the quasifree dp scattering and the quasifree dn scattering, the kinematical conditions were chosen to favour quasifree scattering of deuterons on bound nucleons of the target deuteron. (orig.) [de
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Xu, Xuewen, E-mail: xuxuewen@hebut.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130 (China); Fu, Kun [School of Computer Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130 (China); Li, Lanlan; Lu, Zunming; Zhang, Xinghua; Fan, Ying; Lin, Jing; Liu, Guodong; Luo, Hongzhi; Tang, Chengchun [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130 (China)
2013-06-15
We systematically investigated the crystal structure, stability, elastic properties, chemical bonding and electronic properties of the early-transition-metal monoborides (TMBs, where TM=Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Mo, and W) using the ab initio calculations based on the density functional theory. The results indicated that all 11 TMBs crystallized to a CrB-type structure are thermodynamically and mechanically stable. The elastic constants were calculated using the finite strain method. The correlation between the electronic structure and elastic properties was discussed. YB was found to have high machinability (B/C{sub 44}=1.73) and low hardness (C{sub 44}=43 GPa). The weak interaction between the interleaved yttrium planes and weak pd bonding resulted in the good machinability of YB.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kothe, Rainer
2008-01-01
The A4-collaboration at the Mainzer Mikrotron MAMI studies the structure of the proton using the elastic scattering of polarized electrons off an unpolarized hydrogen target. When the electrons are longitudinally polarized, the parity violating asymmetry in the cross section can be measured. From this measurement the contribution of the strange quarks to the form factors of the proton can be extracted. In particular, a new measurement at backward angles and a beam energy of 319 MeV allows in combination with a recent value measured at the same Q 2 under forward angles, to separate the magnetic and electric strange form factors via the Rosenbluth method. As part of this work, an electronic system implementing the trigger, analog signal processing, A/D-conversion and event counting was developed. This system contains a locally coupled network structure of the 1022 single channels and was designed to process rates in the range of 100 MHz. For the experimental operation it was necessary to examine the quality and stability of the system and to extract characteristic calibration values. The reliable operation of the system in a parity violating experiment measuring at the 10 -6 level was demonstrated. Moreover, the system was successfully upgraded to incorporate an electron tagger system, which was necessary to supress the dominating inelastic background of photons at backward angles. The preliminary value for the parity violating asymmetry for the elastic scattering of longitudinal polarized electrons off an unpolarized hydrogen target under backward angles for Q 2 =0.23 GeV 2 /c 2 is A PV =(-16.37±0.93 stat ±0.69 syst ) ppm. This determines the difference of the measured asymmetry A PV and the theoretical prediction A 0 =(-16.27±1.22) ppm to be A S =A PV -A 0 =(-0.10±1.68) ppm. In combination with the value measured at forward angles, A PV =(-5.59±0.57 stat ±0.29 syst ) ppm, the separation of the magnetic and electric strange form factors results in G M s =-0
Elastic and electronic tuning of magnetoresistance in MoTe$_2$
Yang, Junjie; Colen, Jonathan; Liu, Jun; Nguyen, Manh Cuong; Chern, Gia-Wei; Louca, Despina
2017-01-01
Quasi-two dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) exhibit dramatic properties that may transform electronic and photonic devices. We report on how the anomalously large magnetoresistance (MR) observed under high magnetic field in MoTe$_2$, a type II Weyl semimetal, can be reversibly controlled under tensile strain. The MR is enhanced by as much as ~ 30 % at low temperatures and high magnetic fields, when uniaxial strain is applied along the $a$-crystallographic direction and reduce...
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Friák, Martin; Hickel, T.; Kormann, F.; Udyansky, A.; Dick, A.; Šob, Mojmír
2011-01-01
Roč. 82, č. 2 (2011), s. 86-100 ISSN 1611-3683 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA100100920; GA MŠk OC10008 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20410507 Keywords : electronic structure * elasticity * theoretical strength Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 0.733, year: 2011
Saadaoui, Fatiha; Driss Khodja, Fatima Zohra; Kadoun, Abd-Ed-Daïm; Driss Khodja, Mohammed; Elias, Abdelkader; Boudali, Abdelkader
2015-12-01
We have performed first-principles calculations of structural, elastic, thermodynamic, and electronic properties of anti-perovskites AIIICNi3 (AIII = Al, Ga, In), by using the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method combined with the quasi-harmonic Debye model. We carried out our calculations within the local density approximation (LDA) and the generalized gradient approximation (GGA-PBE and GGA-PBEsol functionals). Our results constitute interesting first predictions in the case of many elastic parameters of the anti-perovskites AIIICNi3, among them elastic parameters of AlCNi3 and GaCNi3 and some polycrystalline elastic parameters of InCNi3. We also report for the first time calculated values, at ambient conditions, of Grüneisen parameter, thermal expansion coefficient, specific heat at constant pressure, specific heat at constant volume, isothermal bulk modulus, and adiabatic bulk modulus for AlCNi3, GaCNi3, and InCNi3. Band structure, total and partial densities of states, and charge density have been obtained and analyzed. Electronic structure results show metallic behavior for the three compounds. Ni 3 d states play dominant role near the Fermi level and there is a strong hybridization between Ni 3 d and C 2 p states. In addition, as AIIICNi3 synthesized samples are expected to be carbon-deficient, we calculated structural, elastic, and thermodynamic properties of sub-stoichiometric AlC x Ni3 materials.
Anti-neutrino disintegration of the deuteron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mueller, W.; Gari, M.; Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemie
1981-01-01
The anti-neutrino disintegration of the deuteron (anti ν + D → anti ν + n + p and anti νsub(e) + D → + e + + n + n) is calculated using realistic two-body states. Meson-exchange currents are considered in the one-boson-exchange limit. The results are discussed as corrections to the cross sections obtained in effective range approximations. It is shown that the ratio of the cross sections (sigma - /sigma 0 ) for reactor antineutrinos is practically independent of the nuclear physics uncertainties. (orig.)
Precise calculations of the deuteron quadrupole moment
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gross, Franz L. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
2016-06-01
Recently, two calculations of the deuteron quadrupole moment have have given predictions that agree with the measured value to within 1%, resolving a long-standing discrepancy. One of these uses the covariant spectator theory (CST) and the other chiral effective field theory (cEFT). In this talk I will first briefly review the foundations and history of the CST, and then compare these two calculations with emphasis on how the same physical processes are being described using very different language. The comparison of the two methods gives new insights into the dynamics of the low energy NN interaction.
Measurement of the Parity Violating Asymmetry in Elastic Electron Scattering off ^{208}Pb
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wexler, Jonathan [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)
2014-09-01
The Lead Radius Experiment (PREX) was carried out in order to provide a model-independent measurement of the RMS radius √<$2\\atop{n}$> of the neutron distribution in the^{ 208}Pb nucleus. The parity-violating scattering asymmetry for longitudinally polarized 1.06 GeV electrons from an unpolarized 208Pb target was measured at Q2 = 0.00880 GeV2. This measurement was performed by the PREX collaboration in Hall A at Jefferson Laboratory in Newport News, VA, between March and June, 2010. The electron detectors used in this measurement were designed and fabricated by University of Massachusetts-Amherst and Smith College. The resulting parity-violating asymmetry was measured as APV = 656±60(stat.)±14(sys.) ppb. This asymmetry extrapolates to a difference in radii between the nuclear neutron and proton distributions of √<$2\\atop{n}$>-√<$2\\atop{p}$>=0.33$+0.16\\atop{-0.18}$ fm.
Elastic and electronic tuning of magnetoresistance in MoTe2.
Yang, Junjie; Colen, Jonathan; Liu, Jun; Nguyen, Manh Cuong; Chern, Gia-Wei; Louca, Despina
2017-12-01
Quasi-two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides exhibit dramatic properties that may transform electronic and photonic devices. We report on how the anomalously large magnetoresistance (MR) observed under high magnetic field in MoTe 2 , a type II Weyl semimetal, can be reversibly controlled under tensile strain. The MR is enhanced by as much as ~30% at low temperatures and high magnetic fields when uniaxial strain is applied along the a crystallographic direction and reduced by about the same amount when strain is applied along the b direction. We show that the large in-plane electric anisotropy is coupled with the structural transition from the 1T' monoclinic to the T d orthorhombic Weyl phase. A shift of the T d -1T' phase boundary is achieved by minimal tensile strain. The sensitivity of the MR to tensile strain suggests the possibility of a nontrivial spin-orbital texture of the electron and hole pockets in the vicinity of Weyl points. Our ab initio calculations show a significant orbital mixing on the Fermi surface, which is modified by the tensile strains.
Boulechfar, R.; Khenioui, Y.; Drablia, S.; Meradji, H.; Abu-Jafar, M.; Omran, S. Bin; Khenata, R.; Ghemid, S.
2018-05-01
Ab-initio calculations based on density functional theory have been performed to study the structural, electronic, thermodynamic and mechanical properties of intermetallic compounds Pt3Sc and Pt3Y using the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave(FP-LAPW) method. The total energy calculations performed for L12, D022 and D024 structures confirm the experimental phase stability. Using the generalized gradient approximation (GGA), the values of enthalpies formation are -1.23 eV/atom and -1.18 eV/atom for Pt3Sc and Pt3Y, respectively. The densities of states (DOS) spectra show the existence of a pseudo-gap at the Fermi level for both compounds which indicate the strong spd hybridization and directing covalent bonding. Furthermore, the density of states at the Fermi level N(EF), the electronic specific heat coefficient (γele) and the number of bonding electrons per atom are predicted in addition to the elastic constants (C11, C12 and C44). The shear modulus (GH), Young's modulus (E), Poisson's ratio (ν), anisotropy factor (A), ratio of B/GH and Cauchy pressure (C12-C44) are also estimated. These parameters show that the Pt3Sc and Pt3Y are ductile compounds. The thermodynamic properties were calculated using the quasi-harmonic Debye model to account for their lattice vibrations. In addition, the influence of the temperature and pressure was analyzed on the heat capacities (Cp and Cv), thermal expansion coefficient (α), Debye temperature (θD) and Grüneisen parameter (γ).
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Khenata, R.; Sahnoun, M.; Baltache, H.; Rerat, M.; Reshak, Ali H.; Al-Douri, Y.; Bouhafs, B.
2005-01-01
Theoretical studies of structural, elastic and electronic properties of spinel MgAl 2 O 4 and ZnAl 2 O 4 oxides are presented, using the full-potential linear augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method as implemented in the WIEN97 code. In this approach the local density approximation (LDA) is used for the exchange-correlation (XC) potential. Results are given for lattice constant, bulk modulus, and its pressure derivative. The band structure, density of states, pressure coefficients of energy gaps and elastic constants are also given. We present a detailed comparison with available experimental data and previous calculations. Good agreement is found
The spin structure of the deuteron
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Frois, B. [DAPNIA/SPHN, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
1994-12-01
The Spin Muon Collaboration (SMC) has measured for the first time the spin-dependent structure function g{sub 1}{sup d} of the deuteron in the deep inelastic scattering of polarized muons on polarized deuterons in the kinematic range Q{sup 2} > 1 GeV{sup 2}, 0.006 < x < 0.6. The first moment {Gamma}{sub 1}{sup d} = {integral}{sub 0}{sup 1}g{sub 1}{sup d}dx = 0.023 {+-} 0.020(stat.) {+-} 0.015(syst.) is smaller than the prediction of the Ellis-Jaffe sum rules. The author finds that the fraction of the nucleon spin carried by strange quarks {Delta}s is appreciable and negative. Using earlier measurements of g{sub 1}{sup p}, the group can infer the first moment of the spin-dependent neutron structure function g{sub 1}{sup n}. The combined analysis of all the available data on the spin-dependent structure functions of the nucleon shows an excellent agreement among the data sets. The author does not find significant deviations from the prediction of the Bjorken sum rule.
Qattan, I. A.
2017-05-01
Background: The inconsistency in the results obtained from the Rosenbluth separation method and the high-Q2 recoil polarization results on the ratio μpGEp/GMp implies a systematic difference between the two techniques. Several studies suggest that missing higher-order radiative corrections to elastic electron-proton scattering cross section σR(ɛ ,Q2) and in particular hard two-photon-exchange (TPE) contributions could account for the discrepancy. Purpose: In this work, I improve on and extend to low and high Q2 values the extractions of the ɛ dependence of the real parts of the TPE amplitudes relative to the magnetic form factor, as well as the ratio Pl/PlBorn(ɛ ,Q2) by using world data on σR(ɛ ,Q2) with an emphasis on precise new data covering the low-momentum region which is sensitive to the large-scale structure of the nucleon. Method: I combine cross section and polarization measurements of elastic electron-proton scattering to extract the TPE amplitudes. Because the recoil polarization data were confirmed "experimentally" to be essentially independent of ɛ , I constrain the ratio Pt/Pl(ɛ ,Q2) to its ɛ -independent term (Born value) by setting the TPE contributions to zero. This allows for the amplitude YM(ɛ ,Q2) and σR(ɛ ,Q2) to be expressed in terms of the remaining two amplitudes YE(ɛ ,Q2) and Y3(ɛ ,Q2) which in turn are parametrized as second-order polynomials in ɛ and Q2 to reserve as possible the linearity of σR(ɛ ,Q2) as well as to account for possible nonlinearities in the TPE amplitudes. Furthermore, I impose the Regge limit which ensures the vanishing of the TPE contributions to σR(ɛ ,Q2) and the TPE amplitudes in the limit ɛ →1 . Results: I provide simple parametrizations of the TPE amplitudes, along with an estimate of the fit uncertainties. The extracted TPE amplitudes are compared with previous phenomenological extractions and TPE calculations. The Pl/PlBorn ratio is extracted by using the new parametrizations of the TPE
Zidi, Y.; Méçabih, S.; Abbar, B.; Amari, S.
2018-02-01
We have investigated the structural, electronic and elastic properties of transition-metal carbides ZnxNb1-xC alloys in the range of 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 using the density functional theory (DFT). The full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within a framework of the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and GGA + U (where U is the Hubbard correlation terms) approach is used to perform the calculations presented here. The lattice parameters, the bulk modulus, its pressure derivative and the elastic constants were determined. We have obtained Young's modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, anisotropy factor by the aid of the calculated elastic constants. We discuss the total and partial densities of states and charge densities.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kobushkin, A.P.; Syamtomov, A.I.
1994-01-01
Experimental observables of the elastic ed-scattering in the region of intermediate energies are discussed. We offer the numerical analysis of the available experimental data, which reproduces the results of the calculations with popular NN-potentials at low energies (Q 2 2 ), but, at the same time, provides the right asymptotic behavior of the deuteron e.m. form factors, following from the quark counting rules, at high energies (Q 2 >>1(GeV/c) 2 ). The numerical analysis developed allows to make certain estimations of the characteristic energy scale, at what the consideration of quark-gluon degrees of freedom in the deuteron becomes essential. (author). 18 refs., 2 tab., 10 figs
Elastic and inelastic pion reactions on few nucleon systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lensky, V.
2007-09-29
In the present work, we are studying elastic and inelastic pion reactions on few-body systems within the framework of chiral effective theory. We consider two specific reactions involving pions on few-nucleon systems, namely pion production in nucleon-nucleon collisions, and incoherent pion photoproduction on the deuteron. These two reactions are closely related to the issue of dispersive and absorptive corrections to the pion-deuteron scattering length, which we also consider in our analysis. The incoherent pion photoproduction is also considered as the possible source for a high-precision determination of the neutron-neutron scattering length. (orig.)
Elastic and inelastic pion reactions on few nucleon systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lensky, V.
2007-01-01
In the present work, we are studying elastic and inelastic pion reactions on few-body systems within the framework of chiral effective theory. We consider two specific reactions involving pions on few-nucleon systems, namely pion production in nucleon-nucleon collisions, and incoherent pion photoproduction on the deuteron. These two reactions are closely related to the issue of dispersive and absorptive corrections to the pion-deuteron scattering length, which we also consider in our analysis. The incoherent pion photoproduction is also considered as the possible source for a high-precision determination of the neutron-neutron scattering length. (orig.)
Production of deuterons in 16Op - collisions at 3.25 A GeV/C
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bazarov, E.; Gulamov, K.G.; Kratenko, M.Yu.; Lutpullaev, S.L.; Olimov, K.; Yuldashev, A.A.; Glagolev, V.V.; Khamidov, Kh.Sh.; Fazylov, M.I.; Yuldashev, B.S.; Sharipova, S.
2004-01-01
Full text: One of the central problems of high energy physics is relativistic nuclei fragmentation mechanisms research in their interactions with nucleons and nuclei. The most effective way to solve this question is, on our opinion, to study light fragments production processes ( 1 H 1 , 2 H 1 , 3 H 1 , 3 He 2 and 4 He 2 ). There is a lack of data on deuterons production in hadron-nucleus collisions, and their major part was obtained by means of electronic methods in a narrow solid angle, and therefore deuterons production momentum interval is not fully covered. This, in turn, significantly narrows a range of useful information on the deuterons production dynamics. In connection to the above mentioned it is of great interest to obtain new experimental data on neutron yield in 16 Op-collisions at high energies (at 4 π-geometry) covering almost whole deuterons production momentum region. The experimental data is compared to the cascade-fragmentation evaporation model (CFEM) [1]. In frames of CFEM for interaction of light nuclei with nucleons the main mechanism fragments (excluding nucleons) production is break-up of excited thermalized remnant nucleus after completion of intranuclear cascade. For light nuclei such as 16 O the evaporative mechanism of fragments (including nucleons) production is neglected. Thus, for 16Op-collisions in frames of CFEM the main mechanism of multinucleon fragments production is Fermi break-up. Discussed below data was obtained from 1-meter HEL JINR hydrogen bubble chamber irradiated by oxygen-16 nuclei beam at momentum of 3.25 A GeV/C. Statistics analyzed In This Work consists of 11098 measured 16 Op-events. Topics related to the processing of stereo images from 1-meter bubble chamber as well as with secondary particles and fragments identification procedures are presented in [2-4]. For the first time, in 4π-geometry, deuterons production in 16 Op-collisions at 3.25 A GeV/C was studied. These studies resulted in the following: in
Magneto-elastic properties and electronic structure analysis of the (Fe1-xNix)2P system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zach, R.; Tobola, J.; Sredniawa, B.; Kaprzyk, S.; Casado, C.; Bacmann, M.; Fruchart, D.
2004-01-01
For the (Fe 1-x Ni x ) 2 P compounds with x=0.015, 0.02, 0.025 and 0.25, both X-ray diffraction and χ ac susceptibility experiments under pressure up to 1.5 GPa were performed from 80 to 420 K. For all the studied compounds, a clear cut metal atom distribution was found on the basis of the Fe 2 P structure-type (SG: P6-bar2m), the 3g sites being fully occupied by Fe, while both Fe and Ni are randomly distributed on the 3f sites. The variation of the ordering temperature under pressure ∂T C /∂p increases from negative values for all studied compounds up to zero for the Ni-rich one (Fe 0.75 Ni 0.25 ) 2 P. Additionally for the latter, neutron diffraction experiments were carried out in the 10-290 K range to characterise the transformation between the ferromagnetic (F) and paramagnetic (P) states. An electronic structure analysis of the (Fe 1-x Ni x ) 2 P compounds performed using the Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker method with the coherent potential approximation (KKR-CPA) shows that the total energy calculation fully supports the Ni preference for the 3f occupancy. Accounting to this trend, the calculated total magnetic moment was found to decrease almost linearly with x, in very fair agreement with the experimental data when measured for x 0.75 Ni 0.25 ) 2 P remain in satisfying agreement with the results of neutron diffraction. Hence, it is suggested that the strong electron polarisation at E F (P ∼ 90%) as established theoretically for the (Fe 1-x Ni x ) 2 P compounds having the smallest Ni content, can be responsible for the marked magneto-elastic phase transition as observed, e.g. in (Fe 0.975 Ni 0.025 ) 2 P
Tensor-polarized structure function b1 in the standard convolution description of the deuteron
Cosyn, W.; Dong, Yu-Bing; Kumano, S.; Sargsian, M.
2017-04-01
Tensor-polarized structure functions of a spin-1 hadron are additional observables, which do not exist for the spin-1 /2 nucleon. They could probe novel aspects of the internal hadron structure. Twist-2 tensor-polarized structure functions are b1 and b2, and they are related by the Callan-Gross-like relation in the Bjorken scaling limit. In this work, we theoretically calculate b1 in the standard convolution description for the deuteron. Two different theoretical models, a basic convolution description and a virtual nucleon approximation, are used for calculating b1, and their results are compared with the HERMES measurement. We found large differences between our theoretical results and the data. Although there is still room to improve by considering higher-twist effects and in the experimental extraction of b1 from the spin asymmetry Az z, there is a possibility that the large differences require physics beyond the standard deuteron model for their interpretation. Future b1 studies could shed light on a new field of hadron physics. In particular, detailed experimental studies of b1 will start soon at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. In addition, there are possibilities to investigate tensor-polarized parton distribution functions and b1 at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and a future electron-ion collider. Therefore, further theoretical studies are needed for understanding the tensor structure of the spin-1 deuteron, including a new mechanism to explain the large differences between the current data and our theoretical results.
Acceleration of polarized protons and deuterons in the ion collider ring of JLEIC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kondratenko, A. [Novosibirsk State Univ. (Russian Federation); Kondratenko, M. [Novosibirsk State Univ. (Russian Federation); Filatov, Yu. N. [Moscow Inst. of Physics and Technology (MIPT), Moscow (Russian Federation); Derbenev, Yaroslav S. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Novosibirsk State Univ. (Russian Federation); Lin, Fanglei [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Morozov, Vasily S. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Zhang, Yuhong [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
2017-07-01
The figure-8-shaped ion collider ring of Jefferson Lab Electron-Ion Collider (JLEIC) is transparent to the spin. It allows one to preserve proton and deuteron polarizations using weak stabilizing solenoids when accelerating the beam up to 100 GeV/c. When the stabilizing solenoids are introduced into the collider's lattice, the particle spins precess about a spin field, which consists of the field induced by the stabilizing solenoids and the zero-integer spin resonance strength. During acceleration of the beam, the induced spin field is maintained constant while the resonance strength experiences significant changes in the regions of "interference peaks". The beam polarization depends on the field ramp rate of the arc magnets. Its component along the spin field is preserved if acceleration is adiabatic. We present the results of our theoretical analysis and numerical modeling of the spin dynamics during acceleration of protons and deuterons in the JLEIC ion collider ring. We demonstrate high stability of the deuteron polarization in figure-8 accelerators. We analyze a change in the beam polarization when crossing the transition energy.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Berri, Saadi; Maouche, Djamel; Zerarga, Fares; Medkour, Youcef
2012-01-01
We preformed first-principle calculations for the structural, electronic, elastic and magnetic properties of Cu 2 GdIn, Ag 2 GdIn and Au 2 GdIn using the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) scheme within the generalized gradient approximation by Wu and Cohen (GGA-WC), GGA+U, the local spin density approximation (LSDA) and LSDA+U. The lattice parameters, the bulk modulus and its pressure derivative and the elastic constants were determined. Also, we present the band structures and the densities of states. The electronic structures of the ferromagnetic configuration for Heusler compounds (X 2 GdIn) have a metallic character. The magnetic moments were mostly contributed by the rare-earth Gd 4f ion.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nogueira, J.C.; Dallavalli, M.J.
1992-01-01
Absolute elastic differential cross sections have been measured for incident electron energies between 75 and 1000 eV and in the angular range between 10 0 to 120 0 . The relative flow technique was used and nitrogen was the secondary gas standard. Integral cross sections have also been determined from extrapolation of the differential cross sections. The data are compared with previous experimental data, showing good agreement. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fahad, Shah; Murtaza, G.; Ouahrani, T.; Khenata, R.; Yousaf, Masood; Omran, S.Bin; Mohammad, Saleh
2015-01-01
A first principles density functional theory (DFT) technique is used to study the structural, chemical bonding, electronic and optical properties of BeAZ 2 (A = Si, Ge, Sn; Z = P, As) chalcopyrite materials. The calculated parameters are in good agreement with the available experimental results. The lattice constants and the equilibrium volume increased as we moved from Si to Ge to Sn, whereas the c/a and internal parameters u decreased by shifting the cation from P to As. These compounds are elastically stable. An investigation of the band gap using the WC-GGA, EV-GGA, PBE-GGA and mBJ-metaGGA potentials suggested that BeSiP 2 and BeSiAs 2 are direct band gap compounds, whereas BeGeP 2, BeGeAs 2, BeSnP 2, BeSnAs 2 are indirect band gap compounds. The energy band gaps decreased by changing B from Si to Sn and increased by changing the anion C from P to As. The bonding among the cations and anions is primarily ionic. In the optical properties, the real and imaginary parts of the dielectric functions, reflectivity and optical conductivity have been studied over a wide energy range. - Highlights: • The compounds are studied by FP-LAPW method within mBJ approximation. • All of the studied materials show isotropic behaviour. • All the compounds show direct band gap nature. • Bonding nature is mostly covalent among the studied compounds. • High absorption peaks and reflectivity ensures there utility in optoelectronic devices
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sajjad, M. [School of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); Alay-e-Abbas, S.M. [Department of Physics, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100 (Pakistan); Department of Physics, Government College University, Faisalabad, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad 38000 (Pakistan); Zhang, H.X. [School of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); Beijing Key Laboratory of Work Safety Intelligent Monitoring (Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications), Beijing 100876 (China); Noor, N.A. [Centre for High Energy Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, 54590 Lahore (Pakistan); Saeed, Y. [Department of Physics, Government College University, Faisalabad, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad 38000 (Pakistan); Shakir, Imran [Deanship of scientific research, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P. O. BOX 800, Riyadh 11421 (Saudi Arabia); Shaukat, A., E-mail: schaukat@gmail.com [Department of Physics, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100 (Pakistan)
2015-09-15
We investigate zinc-blende phase Al{sub 0.75}Mn{sub 0.25}Y (Y=N, P, As) compounds using full-potential linear-augmented-plane wave plus local-orbital method. For computing structural and elastic properties the Generalized Gradient Approximation (GGA) has been used; whereas the electronic and magnetic properties are examined at the optimized GGA lattice parameters by employing modified Becke and Johnson local density approximation. All these compounds are found to be stable in ferromagnetic ordering in the zinc-blende structure which is supported by the computed elastic constants. The nature of electronic band structure are calculated and the nature of band gaps in the doped system is analyzed. The results are examined to identify exchange mechanism which is the main source of introducing ferromagnetism in the compounds under investigation. Spin charge density contour plots in the (1 1 0) plane and the evaluation of s–p and p–d exchange constants (N{sub 0}α and N{sub 0}β) are evaluated for understanding bonding and exchange splitting process, respectively. - Highlights: • Spin-polarized DFT investigation Mn-doped AlN, AlP and AlAs is reported. • Structrual and elastic properites are computed for evaluating stability. • mBJLDA used for appropriate treatment of d states of Mn for electronic properties. • Half metallicity, ferromagnetic stability and exchange constants are evaluated.
Deuteron-, triton - and alpha - clusters in nuclear matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bando, H.; Coelho, H.T.; Delfino, A.
1981-01-01
It is studied with a simple model how deuteron-, triton- and α-clusters behave concerning their cluster structure identities during the scatterring process and just after reaching nuclear matter of finite size. (Author) [pt
Neutron production by deuteron breakup on 4He
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schmidt, D.
1994-10-01
Neutron spectra of the deuteron breakup on 4 He have been measured at eight deuteron incident energies between 4.7 MeV and 12.1 MeV using the TOF method. The measurements carried out at angles of 0 deg, 5 deg and 10 deg were completed by measurements at 2.5 deg and 7.5 deg at some energies. The cross sections for these angles were reliably interpolated for the other energies. The normalization to absolute cross sections was carried out by reference to the well known data of the DD reaction. When a relative energy scale is introduced the spectral shape is almost angle-independent. It is shown that the use of the deuteron breakup on 4 He can considerably refine the correction for the deuteron breakup on deuterium in scattering experiments made with Monte Carlo simulations. (orig.)
Measurement of the Deuteron Spin Structure Function g1d(x) for 1 (GeV/c)2 2 2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sorrell, Lee.
1999-01-01
New measurements are reported on the deuteron spin structure function g 1 d . These results were obtained from deep inelastic scattering of 48.3 GeV electrons on polarized deuterons in the kinematic range 0.01 2 2 . These are the first high dose electron scattering data obtained using lithium deuteride ( 6 Li 2 H) as the target material. Extrapolations of the data were performed to obtain moments of g 1 d , including Gamma 1 d , and the net quark polarization Delta Sigma
Measurement of the Deuteron Spin Structure Function g_1^d(x) for 1 (GeV/c)^2 < Q^2 < 40 (GeV/c)^2
E155 Collaboration
1999-01-01
New measurements are reported on the deuteron spin structure function g_1^d. These results were obtained from deep inelastic scattering of 48.3 GeV electrons on polarized deuterons in the kinematic range 0.01 < x < 0.9 and 1 < Q^2 < 40 (GeV/c)^2. These are the first high dose electron scattering data obtained using lithium deuteride (6Li2H) as the target material. Extrapolations of the data were performed to obtain moments of g_1^d, including Gamma_1^d, and the net quark polarization Delta Si...
Anthony , P.L.; Arnold , R.G.; Averett , T.; Band , H.R.; Berisso , M.C.; Borel , H.; Bosted , P.E.; Bultmann , S.L.; Buenerd , M.; Chupp , T.; Churchwell , S.; Court , G.R.; Crabb , D.; Day , D.; Decowski , P.
1999-01-01
New measurements are reported on the deuteron spin structure function g_1^d. These results were obtained from deep inelastic scattering of 48.3 GeV electrons on polarized deuterons in the kinematic range 0.01 < x < 0.9 and 1 < Q^2 < 40 (GeV/c)^2. These are the first high dose electron scattering data obtained using lithium deuteride (6Li2H) as the target material. Extrapolations of the data were performed to obtain moments of g_1^d, including Gamma_1^d, and the net quark polarization Delta Si...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Puvaneswari, S. [Department of Physics, E.M.G. Yadava Women’s College, Madurai, Tamilnadu-625014 (India); Priyanga, G. Sudha; Rajeswarapalanichamy, R., E-mail: rajeswarapalanichamy@gmail.com; Santhosh, M. [Department of Physics, N.M.S.S.V.N college, Madurai, Tamilnadu-625019 (India)
2015-06-24
The structural, electronic, elastic and magnetic properties of the perovskite structure of RuFe{sub 3}N, and OsFe{sub 3}N have been reported using the VASP within the gradient generalized approximation. Total energy calculations are performed using both spin and non-spin polarized calculations and it is found that, at ambient pressure both RuFe{sub 3}N and OsFe{sub 3}N are stable in ferromagnetic phase. The electronic structure reveals that both RuFe{sub 3}N and OsFe{sub 3}N are metallic in nature at ambient pressure.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Li, Li; Wang, Y.-J. [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 2 Chongwen Road, Nan' an District, Chongqing 400065 (China); Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Liu, D.-X.; Ma, C.-G. [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 2 Chongwen Road, Nan' an District, Chongqing 400065 (China); Brik, M.G., E-mail: mikhail.brik@ut.ee [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 2 Chongwen Road, Nan' an District, Chongqing 400065 (China); Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, W. Ostwald Str. 1, Tartu 50411 (Estonia); Institute of Physics, Jan Długosz University, Armii Krajowej 13/15, PL-42200 Częstochowa (Poland); Suchocki, A. [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 2 Chongwen Road, Nan' an District, Chongqing 400065 (China); Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Institute of Physics, Kazimierz Wielki University, Weyssenhoffa 11, 85-072 Bydgoszcz (Poland); Piasecki, M. [Institute of Physics, Jan Długosz University, Armii Krajowej 13/15, PL-42200 Częstochowa (Poland); Reshak, A.H. [New Technologies – Research Centre, University of West Bohemia, Univerzitni 8, 306 14 Pilsen (Czech Republic); School of Material Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, 01007 Kangar, Perlis (Malaysia)
2017-02-15
Three fluoroperovskites with the general formula XCaF{sub 3} (X = K, Rb, Cs) have been systematically studied using the first-principles methods. The structural, electronic, optical, elastic and thermodynamic properties of these three compounds were calculated at the ambient and elevated hydrostatic pressure. Variation of all these properties with pressure was analyzed; it was shown that the structural and elastic constants change linearly with increased pressure, whereas the calculated band gaps follow the quadratic dependence on pressure. Influence of the first cation variation (K – Rb – Cs) on these properties was discussed. Elastic anisotropy (directional dependence of the Young moduli) of these compounds was modeled and analyzed for the first time. - Highlights: • Three cubic perovskites XCaF{sub 3} (X = K, Rb, Cs) were studied by ab initio methods. • Systematic variation of physical properties with the first cation change was traced. • Pressure effects on physical properties were calculated and modeled. • Debye temperature and Grüneisen constant for all materials were calculated for the first time. • Elastic anisotropy was visualized by plotting Young moduli directional dependences.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fatmi, M; Ghebouli, B; Ghebouli, M A; Hieba, Z K
2011-01-01
We have applied the pseudo-potential plane wave method to study the structural, elastic, electronic, lattice dynamic and optical properties of GaN and AlN in the wurtzite lattice and BN with zinc-blende structure. We have found that all elastic constants depend strongly on hydrostatic pressure, except for C 44 in wurtzite AlN and GaN that shows a weaker dependence. AlN and GaN present a direct band gap Γ-Γ, whereas BN has an indirect band gap Γ-X. The indirect Γ-K band gap in AlN occurs at about 35 GPa. The top of the valence bands reflects the p electronic character for all structures. There is a gap between optical and acoustic modes only for wurtzite phases AlN and GaN. All peaks in the imaginary part of the dielectric function for the wurtzite lattice GaN and AlN move towards lower energies, while those in the zinc-blende BN structure shift towards higher energies with increasing pressure. The decrease of the static dielectric constant and static refractive index in zinc-blende BN is weaker and it can be explained by its higher elastic constants.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chelli S.
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The structural, elastic, electronic and thermodynamic properties of BaxSr1−xS ternary alloys have been investigated using the full-potential (linearized augmented plane wave method. The ground state properties, such as lattice constant, bulk modulus and elastic constants, are in good agreement with numerous experimental and theoretical data. The dependence of the lattice parameters, bulk modulus and band gap on the composition x was analyzed. Deviation of the lattice constant from Vegard’s law and the bulk modulus from linear concentration dependence (LCD was observed. The microscopic origins of the gap bowing were explained by using the approach of Zunger et al. The thermodynamic stability of BaxSr1−xS alloy was investigated by calculating the excess enthalpy of mixing, ΔHm and the calculated phase diagram showed a broad miscibility gap with a critical temperature.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Berrahal Mokhtar
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The paper presents an investigation on crystalline, elastic and electronic structure in addition to the thermodynamic properties for a CeRu4P12 filled skutterudite device by using the full-potential linear muffin-tin orbital (FP-LMTO method within the generalized gradient approximations (GGA in the frame of density functional theory (DFT. For this purpose, the structural properties, such as the equilibrium lattice parameter, bulk modulus and pressure derivatives of the bulk modulus, were computed. By using the total energy variation as a function of strain we have determined the independent elastic constants and their pressure dependence. Additionally, the effect of pressure P and temperature T on the lattice parameters, bulk modulus, thermal expansion coefficient, Debye temperature and the heat capacity for CeRu4P12 compound were investigated taking into consideration the quasi-harmonic Debye model.
Aymen Mahjoub, Mohamed; Monier, Guillaume; Bideux, Luc; Gruzza, Bernard; Robert-Goumet, Christine
2018-05-01
A non-destructive new imaging technique called Multi-Mode Elastic Peak Electron Microscopy (MM-EPEM), hypersensitive to surface chemistry and with an in-depth resolution of one atomic monolayer was developed. This method consists on performing several MM-EPEM images containing n × n pixels associated to an intensity of the elastic backscattered electrons by varying the incident electron energy in the range 200-2000 eV. This approach allows obtaining depth sampling information of the analyzed structures. Furthermore, MM-EPEM is associated with Monte-Carlo simulations describing the electron pathway in materials in order to obtain very precise quantitative information, for instance the growth mode and the organization of ultra-thin layers (2D materials) or nanoparticules. In this work, we used this new method to study the deposition of very small amount of gold down to one monolayer. Example of 3D reconstruction is also provided. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Cross sections of deuteron induced nuclear reactions on metal targets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tarkanyi, F.; Ditroi, F.; Takacs, S.
2005-01-01
Integral excitation functions for the production of residual nuclides with light charged particles are basic data for different applications. The proton induced nuclear reactions are the most widely used and their cross section data are extensively studied. For practical applications these reactions are followed in importance by deuteron induced reactions. Due to the stripping process the production yield of the deuteron induced reactions is significant. High intensity deuteron beams can be produced relatively simply by accelerators. Deuteron induced reactions play an important role in secondary fast neutron sources, in thin layer activation technology, etc. The search of the literature shows that the cross section database for deuteron induced reactions is very poor (very few data above 15-20 MeV). No systematical study has been performed earlier. In addition the published data (except for a few well measured monitor and medically important reactions) show large discrepancies. To meet the requirements of these applications we performed a systematical experimental study of deuteron induced activation cross sections for different targets up to 50 MeV deuteron energy during the last years. Here we summarize the results for the most widely used technological materials: i.e. for metals. The targets were irradiated with external beams of the cyclotrons of Debrecen, Brussels and Sendai, Residual nuclei were measured by X- and gamma-spectrometry without chemical separation. The investigation includes a few hundred reactions induced on the following 20 target elements: Al, Ti, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Rh, Pd, Ag, Cd, Sn, Te, W, Ir, Pt, Pb. A significant part of the measured data is new. The measured excitation functions were compared with the theory by using the ALICE-IPPE and TALYS codes. For a few elements, isotopic cross sections were measured on highly enriched targets ( 100 Mo, 122,123 Te, 114 Cd) for medical radioisotope production Applications in the field of
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brik, M.G.
2011-01-01
Detailed ab initio calculations of the structural, electronic, optical and elastic properties of two crystals - magnesite (MgCO 3 ) and calcite (CaCO 3 ) - are reported in the present paper. Both compounds are important natural minerals, playing an important role in the carbon dioxide cycling. The optimized crystal structures, band gaps, density of states diagrams, elastic constants, optical absorption spectra and refractive indexes dependence on the wavelength all have been calculated and compared, when available, with literature data. Both crystals are indirect band compounds, with calculated band gaps of 5.08 eV for MgCO 3 and 5.023 eV for CaCO 3 . Both values are underestimated by approximately 1.0 eV with respect to the experimental data. Although both crystals have the same structure, substitution of Mg by Ca ions leads to certain differences, which manifest themselves in noticeable change in the electronic bands profiles and widths, shape of the calculated absorption spectra, and values of the elastic constants. Response of both crystals to the applied hydrostatic pressure was analyzed in the pressure range of phase stability, variations of the lattice parameters and characteristic interionic distances were considered. The obtained dependencies of lattice constants and calculated band gap on pressure can be used for prediction of properties of these two hosts at elevated pressures that occur in the Earth's mantle. -- Research highlights: → Ab initio calculations of physical properties of MgCO 3 and CaCO 3 were performed. → Changes of the calculated properties with replacement of Mg by Ca were followed. → Pressure dependence of the structural and electronic properties was analyzed. → Good agreement with experimental data was demonstrated.
Enhancement of deuteron-fusion reactions in metals and experimental implications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Huke, A.; Heide, P.; Czerski, K.; Ruprecht, G.; Targosz, N.; Zebrowski, W.
2008-01-01
Recent measurements of the reaction 2 H(d,p) 3 H in metallic environments at very low energies performed by different experimental groups point to an enhanced electron screening effect. However, the resulting screening energies differ strongly for diverse host metals and different experiments. Here, we present new experimental results and investigations of interfering processes in the irradiated targets. These measurements inside metals set special challenges and pitfalls that make them and the data analysis particularly error prone. There are multiparameter collateral effects that are crucial for the correct interpretation of the observed experimental yields. They mainly originate from target surface contaminations owing to residual gases in the vacuum as well as from inhomogeneities and instabilities in the deuteron density distribution in the targets. To address these problems an improved differential analysis method beyond the standard procedures has been implemented. Profound scrutiny of the other experiments demonstrates that the observed unusual changes in the reaction yields are mainly due to deuteron density dynamics simulating the alleged screening energy values. The experimental results are compared with different theoretical models of the electron screening in metals. The Debye-Hueckel model that has been previously proposed to explain the influence of the electron screening on both nuclear reactions and radioactive decays can be clearly excluded
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rekalo, M.N.; Gakh, G.I.; Rekalo, A.P.
1987-01-01
Polarization effects in the e - d→e - np process with longitudinally polarized electrons and vector polarized deuterons have been studied in the relativistic impulse approximation (which takes into account the t-, u-, s-channel pole and contact diagrams). The polarization observables which are most sensitive to the neutron electric form factor G En value have been determined. When calculating both the relativistic Buck-Gross deuteron wave function (DWF) and DWF for the Paris and Reid soft-core potentials are used. In the region of the quasielastic peak (at the nucleon emission angle Θ p =0 deg or 180 deg in c.m.s. of the np-system) the investigated asymmetries are practically independent of the DWF choice. The calculation shows that the asymmetries which are caused by the deuteron spin orientation perpendicular to the momentum transfer are most suitable for the G En determination
Zhu, Haiyan; Shi, Liwei; Li, Shuaiqi; Duan, Yifeng; Zhang, Shaobo; Xia, Wangsuo
2018-04-01
The effects of hydrostatic pressure and biaxial strains on the elastic and electronic properties of a superhard material t-C8B2N2 have been studied using first-principles calculations. The structure is proven to be mechanically and dynamically stable under the applied external forces. All the elastic constants (except C66) and elastic modulus increase (decrease) with increasing pressure and compressive (tensile) biaxial strain ɛxx. A microscopic model is used to calculate the Vicker's hardness of every single bond as well as the crystal. The hardness of t-C8B2N2 (64.7 GPa) exceeds that of c-BN (62 GPa) and increases obviously by employing pressure and compressive ɛxx. Furthermore, the Debye temperature and anisotropy of sound velocities for t-C8B2N2 have been discussed. t-C8B2N2 undergoes an indirect to direct bandgap transition when ɛxx > 2%; however, the indirect bandgap character of the material remains under pressure.
A closed analytic form for p-d elastic scattering at high energy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li, Y.; Lo, S.
1983-01-01
Using a simple harmonic oscillator wave function for deuteron it is possible to give an analytic solution in closed form for p-d elastic scattering. It has the advantage of displaying clearly all the contributions separately (D-wave, spin flip etc.). It can also fit experimental data
Exclusive $\\rho^0$ muoproduction on transversely polarised protons and deuterons
Adolph, C.; Alexakhin, V.Yu.; Alexandrov, Yu.; Alexeev, G.D.; Amoroso, A.; Antonov, A.A.; Austregesilo, A.; Badelek, B.; Balestra, F.; Barth, J.; Baum, G.; Bedfer, Y.; Bernhard, J.; Bertini, R.; Bettinelli, M.; Bicker, K.; Bieling, J.; Birsa, R.; Bisplinghoff, J.; Bordalo, P.; Bradamante, F.; Braun, C.; Bravar, A.; Bressan, A.; Buchele, M.; Burtin, E.; Capozza, L.; Chiosso, M.; Chung, S.U.; Cicuttin, A.; Crespo, M.L.; Dalla Torre, S.; Das, S.; Dasgupta, S.S.; Dasgupta, S.; Denisov, O.Yu.; Dhara, L.; Donskov, S.V.; Doshita, N.; Duic, V.; Dunnweber, W.; Dziewiecki, M.; Efremov, A.; Elia, C.; Eversheim, P.D.; Eyrich, W.; Faessler, M.; Ferrero, A.; Filin, A.; Finger, M.; Finger, M., Jr.; Fischer, H.; Franco, C.; du Fresne von Hohenesche, N.; Friedrich, J.M.; Frolov, V.; Garfagnini, R.; Gautheron, F.; Gavrichtchouk, O.P.; Gerassimov, S.; Geyer, R.; Giorgi, M.; Gnesi, I.; Gobbo, B.; Goertz, S.; Grabmuller, S.; Grasso, A.; Grube, B.; Gushterski, R.; Guskov, A.; Guthorl, T.; Haas, F.; von Harrach, D.; Heinsius, F.H.; Herrmann, F.; Hess, C.; Hinterberger, F.; Horikawa, N.; Hoppner, Ch.; d'Hose, N.; Ishimoto, S.; Ivanov, O.; Ivanshin, Yu.; Iwata, T.; Jahn, R.; Jary, V.; Jasinski, P.; Jegou, G.; Joosten, R.; Kabuss, E.; Kang, D.; Ketzer, B.; Khaustov, G.V.; Khokhlov, Yu.A.; Kisselev, Yu.; Klein, F.; Klimaszewski, K.; Koblitz, S.; Koivuniemi, J.H.; Kolosov, V.N.; Kondo, K.; Konigsmann, K.; Konorov, I.; Konstantinov, V.F.; Korzenev, A.; Kotzinian, A.M.; Kouznetsov, O.; Kramer, M.; Kroumchtein, Z.V.; Kunne, F.; Kurek, K.; Lauser, L.; Lednev, A.A.; Lehmann, A.; Levorato, S.; Lichtenstadt, J.; Liska, T.; Maggiora, A.; Magnon, A.; Makke, N.; Mallot, G.K.; Mann, A.; Marchand, C.; Martin, A.; Marzec, J.; Matsuda, T.; Meshcheryakov, G.; Meyer, W.; Michigami, T.; Mikhailov, Yu.V.; Moinester, M.A.; Morreale, A.; Mutter, A.; Nagaytsev, A.; Nagel, T.; Negrini, T.; Nerling, F.; Neubert, S.; Neyret, D.; Nikolaenko, V.I.; Nowak, W.D.; Nunes, A.S.; Olshevsky, A.G.; Ostrick, M.; Padee, A.; Panknin, R.; Panzieri, D.; Parsamyan, B.; Paul, S.; Perevalova, E.; Pesaro, G.; Peshekhonov, D.V.; Piragino, G.; Platchkov, S.; Pochodzalla, J.; Polak, J.; Polyakov, V.A.; Pretz, J.; Quaresma, M.; Quintans, C.; Rajotte, J.F.; Ramos, S.; Rapatsky, V.; Reicherz, G.; Richter, A.; Rocco, E.; Rondio, E.; Rossiyskaya, N.S.; Ryabchikov, D.I.; Samoylenko, V.D.; Sandacz, A.; Sapozhnikov, M.G.; Sarkar, S.; Savin, I.A.; Sbrizzai, G.; Schiavon, P.; Schill, C.; Schluter, T.; Schmidt, K.; Schmitt, L.; Schonning, K.; Schopferer, S.; Schott, M.; Schroder, W.; Shevchenko, O.Yu.; Silva, L.; Sinha, L.; Sissakian, A.N.; Slunecka, M.; Smirnov, G.I.; Sosio, S.; Sozzi, F.; Srnka, A.; Steiger, L.; Stolarski, M.; Sulc, M.; Sulej, R.; Suzuki, H.; Sznajder, P.; Takekawa, S.; Ter Wolbeek, J.; Tessaro, S.; Tessarotto, F.; Tkatchev, L.G.; Uhl, S.; Uman, I.; Vandenbroucke, M.; Virius, M.; Vlassov, N.V.; Wang, L.; Wilfert, M.; Windmolders, R.; Wislicki, W.; Wollny, H.; Zaremba, K.; Zavertyaev, M.; Zemlyanichkina, E.; Ziembicki, M.; Zhuravlev, N.; Zvyagin, A.
2012-01-01
The transverse target spin azimuthal asymmetry A_UT in hard exclusive production of rho^0 mesons was measured at COMPASS by scattering 160 GeV/c muons off transversely polarised protons and deuterons. The measured asymmetry is sensitive to the nucleon helicity-flip generalised parton distributions E^q, which are related to the orbital angular momentum of quarks in the nucleon. The Q^2, x_B and p_t^2 dependence of A_UT is presented in a wide kinematic range. Results for deuterons are obtained for the first time. The measured asymmetry is small in the whole kinematic range for both protons and deuterons, which is consistent with the theoretical interpretation that contributions from GPDs E^u and E^d approximately cancel.
Design of a Deuteron RFQ for Neutron Generation
Guo, Z Y; Fang, J; Lu, Y R; Peng, S X; Song, Z Z; Yu Jin Xiang; Zhang, C; Zhu, K
2004-01-01
A deuteron RFQ is designed for neutron generation with 9Be(d,n)10B reaction. Considering the limitation of available RF transmitter, the frequency was chosen as 201.5 MHz and the peak RF power was set to 400 kW with 10% duty factor. The deuteron beam will be extracted from an ECR ion source also with 10% duty factor and then be accelerated to about 2 MeV by RFQ with high transmission efficiency. The system will be described and the design results of particle dynamics and structure will be given.
Spin tracking for a deuteron EDM storage ring
Skawran, A.; Lehrach, A.
2017-07-01
The aim of the Jülich Electric Dipole moment Investigations (JEDI) collaboration is the measurement of the Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) of charged particles like protons or deuterons. There are two possible concepts under consideration for the realization of EDM measurement with deuterons; the Frozen Spin (FS) and Quasi-Frozen Spin (QFS) method. Both approaches are discussed and compared in this paper. Detailed spin- and beam dynamics simulations are performed to investigate the effect of various misalignments of ring elements and systematic effects. Furthermore, the utilization of counter rotating beams is studied and checked for its validity.
Probing CP Violation with the Deuteron Electric Dipole Moment
Lebedev, Oleg; Pospelov, Maxim; Ritz, Adam; Lebedev, Oleg; Olive, Keith A.; Pospelov, Maxim; Ritz, Adam
2004-01-01
We present an analysis of the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the deuteron as induced by CP-violating operators of dimension 4, 5 and 6 including theta QCD, the EDMs and color EDMs of quarks, four-quark interactions and the Weinberg operator. We demonstrate that the precision goal of the EDM Collaboration's proposal to search for the deuteron EDM, (1-3)\\times 10^{-27} e cm, will provide an improvement in sensitivity to these sources of one-two orders of magnitude relative to the existing bounds. We consider in detail the level to which CP-odd phases can be probed within the MSSM.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Costa, Romarly F. da [Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin,” Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859 Campinas, São Paulo (Brazil); Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, 09210-580 Santo André, São Paulo (Brazil); Oliveira, Eliane M. de; Lima, Marco A. P. [Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin,” Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859 Campinas, São Paulo (Brazil); Bettega, Márcio H. F. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Paraná, CP 19044, 81531-990 Curitiba, Paraná (Brazil); Varella, Márcio T. do N. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, 05315-970 São Paulo, São Paulo (Brazil); Jones, Darryl B. [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide SA 5001 (Australia); Brunger, Michael J. [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide SA 5001 (Australia); Institute of Mathematical Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Blanco, Francisco [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, 2840 Madrid (Spain); Colmenares, Rafael [Hospital Ramón y Cajal, 28034 Madrid (Spain); and others
2015-03-14
We report theoretical and experimental total cross sections for electron scattering by phenol (C{sub 6}H{sub 5}OH). The experimental data were obtained with an apparatus based in Madrid and the calculated cross sections with two different methodologies, the independent atom method with screening corrected additivity rule (IAM-SCAR), and the Schwinger multichannel method with pseudopotentials (SMCPP). The SMCPP method in the N{sub open}-channel coupling scheme, at the static-exchange-plus-polarization approximation, is employed to calculate the scattering amplitudes at impact energies ranging from 5.0 eV to 50 eV. We discuss the multichannel coupling effects in the calculated cross sections, in particular how the number of excited states included in the open-channel space impacts upon the convergence of the elastic cross sections at higher collision energies. The IAM-SCAR approach was also used to obtain the elastic differential cross sections (DCSs) and for correcting the experimental total cross sections for the so-called forward angle scattering effect. We found a very good agreement between our SMCPP theoretical differential, integral, and momentum transfer cross sections and experimental data for benzene (a molecule differing from phenol by replacing a hydrogen atom in benzene with a hydroxyl group). Although some discrepancies were found for lower energies, the agreement between the SMCPP data and the DCSs obtained with the IAM-SCAR method improves, as expected, as the impact energy increases. We also have a good agreement among the present SMCPP calculated total cross section (which includes elastic, 32 inelastic electronic excitation processes and ionization contributions, the latter estimated with the binary-encounter-Bethe model), the IAM-SCAR total cross section, and the experimental data when the latter is corrected for the forward angle scattering effect [Fuss et al., Phys. Rev. A 88, 042702 (2013)].
Progress on using deuteron-deuteron fusion generated neutrons for 40Ar/39Ar sample irradiation
Rutte, Daniel; Renne, Paul R.; Becker, Tim; Waltz, Cory; Ayllon Unzueta, Mauricio; Zimmerman, Susan; Hidy, Alan; Finkel, Robert; Bauer, Joseph D.; Bernstein, Lee; van Bibber, Karl
2017-04-01
We present progress on the development and proof of concept of a deuteron-deuteron fusion based neutron generator for 40Ar/39Ar sample irradiation. Irradiation with deuteron-deuteron fusion neutrons is anticipated to reduce Ar recoil and Ar production from interfering reactions. This will allow dating of smaller grains and increase accuracy and precision of the method. The instrument currently achieves neutron fluxes of ˜9×107 cm-2s-1 as determined by irradiation of indium foils and use of the activation reaction 115In(n,n')115mIn. Multiple foils and simulations were used to determine flux gradients in the sample chamber. A first experiment quantifying the loss of 39Ar is underway and will likely be available at the time of the presentation of this abstract. In ancillary experiments via irradiation of K salts and subsequent mass spectrometric analysis we determined the cross-sections of the 39K(n,p)39Ar reaction at ˜2.8 MeV to be 160 ± 35 mb (1σ). This result is in good agreement with bracketing cross-section data of ˜96 mb at ˜2.45 MeV and ˜270 mb at ˜4 MeV [Johnson et al., 1967; Dixon and Aitken, 1961 and Bass et al. 1964]. Our data disfavor a much lower value of ˜45 mb at 2.59 MeV [Lindström & Neuer, 1958]. In another ancillary experiment the cross section for 39K(n,α)36Cl at ˜2.8 MeV was determined as 11.7 ± 0.5 mb (1σ), which is significant for 40Ar/39Ar geochronology due to subsequent decay to 36Ar as well as for the determination of production rates of cosmogenic 36Cl. Additional experiments resolving the cross section functions on 39K between 1.5 and 3.6 MeV are on their way using the LICORNE neutron source of the IPN Orsay tandem accelerator. Results will likely be available at the time of the presentation of this abstract. While the neutron generator is designed for fluxes of ˜109 cm-2s-1, arcing in the sample chamber currently limits the power—straightforwardly correlated to the neutron flux—the generator can safely be run at. Further
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ledbetter, H.M.
1983-01-01
This chapter investigates the following five aspects of engineering-material solid-state elastic constants: general properties, interrelationships, relationships to other physical properties, changes during cooling from ambient to near-zero temperature, and near-zero-temperature behavior. Topics considered include compressibility, bulk modulus, Young's modulus, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, Hooke's law, elastic-constant measuring methods, thermodynamic potentials, higher-order energy terms, specific heat, thermal expansivity, magnetic materials, structural phase transitions, polymers, composites, textured aggregates, and other-phenomena correlations. Some of the conclusions concerning polycrystalline elastic properties and their temperature dependence are: elastic constants are physical, not mechanical, properties which relate thermodynamically to other physical properties such as specific heat and thermal expansivity; elastic constants at low temperatures are nearly temperature independent, as required by the third law of thermodynamics; and elastic constants can be used to study directional properties of materials, such as textured aggregates and composites
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shankar, A., E-mail: amitshan2009@gmail.com [Condensed Matter Theory Group, Department of Physics, Mizoram University, 796004 (India); Rai, D.P. [Department of Physics, Pachhunga University College, Aizawl 796001 (India); Chettri, Sandeep [Condensed Matter Theory Group, Department of Physics, Mizoram University, 796004 (India); Khenata, R. [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique et de Modélisation Mathématique (LPQ3M), Département de Technologie, Université de Mascara, 29000 (Algeria); Thapa, R.K. [Condensed Matter Theory Group, Department of Physics, Mizoram University, 796004 (India)
2016-08-15
We have investigated the electronic structure, elastic and thermoelectric properties of the filled skutterudite CeRu{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} using the density functional theory (DFT). The full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within a framework of the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) approach is used to perform the calculations presented here. The electronic structure calculation suggests an indirect band gap semiconducting nature of the material with energy band gap of 0.08 eV. The analysis of the elastic constants at relaxed positions reveals the ductile nature of the sample material with covalent contribution in the inter-atomic bonding. The narrow band gap semiconducting nature with high value of Seebeck coefficient suggests the possibility of the thermoelectric application of the material. The analysis of the thermal transport properties confirms the result obtained from the energy band structure of the material with high thermopower and dimensionless figure of merit 0.19 at room temperature.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jalilian, Jaafar, E-mail: jaafarjalilian@gmail.com [Young Researchers and Elite Club, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Motiepour, Pouria [Electrical Engineering Department, Technical and Vocational University, Kermanshs (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2015-12-15
In a recent article by Ahmad et al. (2015) [1] structural, elastic, electronic, magnetic and optical properties of RbSrX (C, Si, Ge) half-Heusler compounds have been studied by the first principles calculations. After studying this article, we found that there are some physical and computational mistakes in electronic and optical properties sections. In investigating optical properties, they did not consider intraband transitions contribution in complex dielectric function term, while this term has significant effect on optical spectra for half-metallic materials. - Highlights: • The spin up channel is more occupied than the spin down channel. • The intraband transition has remarkable effects on optical properties of half-metallic materials. • The intraband transitions increase reflectance in low energy ranges.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Monir, M. El Amine.; Baltache, H. [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique de la Matière et de la Modélisation Mathématique (LPQ3M), Faculté des Sciences, Université de Mascara, Mascara 29000 (Algeria); Murtaza, G., E-mail: murtaza@icp.edu.pk [Materials Modeling Lab, Department of Physics, Islamia College University, Peshawar (Pakistan); Khenata, R., E-mail: khenata_rabah@yahoo.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique de la Matière et de la Modélisation Mathématique (LPQ3M), Faculté des Sciences, Université de Mascara, Mascara 29000 (Algeria); Ahmed, Waleed K. [ERU, Faculty of Engineering, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain (United Arab Emirates); Bouhemadou, A. [Laboratory for Developing New Materials and their Characterization, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Setif, 19000 Setif (Algeria); Omran, S. Bin [Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Seddik, T. [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique de la Matière et de la Modélisation Mathématique (LPQ3M), Faculté des Sciences, Université de Mascara, Mascara 29000 (Algeria)
2015-01-15
Based on first principles spin-polarized density functional theory, the structural, elastic electronic and magnetic properties of Zn{sub 1−x}V{sub x}Se (for x=0.25, 0.50, 0.75) in zinc blende structure have been studied. The investigation was done using the full-potential augmented plane wave method as implemented in WIEN2k code. The exchange-correlation potential was treated with the generalized gradient approximation PBE-GGA for the structural and elastic properties. Moreover, the PBE-GGA+U approximation (where U is the Hubbard correlation terms) is employed to treat the “d” electrons properly. A comparative study between the band structures, electronic structures, total and partial densities of states and local moments calculated within both GGA and GGA+U schemes is presented. The analysis of spin-polarized band structure and density of states shows the half-metallic ferromagnetic character and are also used to determine s(p)-d exchange constants N{sub 0}α (conduction band ) and N{sub 0}β (valence band) due to Se(4p)–V(3d) hybridization. It has been clearly evidence that the magnetic moment of V is reduced from its free space change value of 3 µ{sub B} and the minor atomic magnetic moment on Zn and Se are generated. - Highlights: • Half metallicity origins by doping V in ZnSe. • PBE-GGA+U approximation is employed to treat the “d” electrons properly. • s(p)-d Exchange constants N{sub 0}α (conduction band ) and N{sub 0}β (valence band) are due to Se(4p)-V(3d) hybridization.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Li, Li [Sichuan Univ., Chengdu (China). Inst. of Atomic and Molecular Physics; Civil Aviation Flight Univ. of China, Guanghan (China). Dept. of Physics; Zeng, Zhao-Yi [Chongqing Normal Univ., Chongqing (China). College of Physics and Electronic Engineering; Liang, Ting; Tang, Mei; Cheng, Yan [Sichuan Univ., Chengdu (China). Inst. of Atomic and Molecular Physics
2017-07-01
The influence of pressure on the elastic and mechanical properties of the hexagonal transition-metal dichalcogenide WS{sub 2} is investigated using the first-principles calculations. With the increase in pressure, the lattice parameters and the volume of WS{sub 2} decrease, which is exactly in agreement with the available experimental data and other calculated results. The elastic constants C{sub ij}, bulk modulus B, shear modulus G, Young's modulus E, and Poisson's ratio σ of WS{sub 2} also increase with pressure. At last, for the first time, the band gaps of energy, the partial density of states, and the total density of states under three different pressures are obtained and analysed. It is found that the band gap of WS{sub 2} decreases from 0.843 to 0 eV when the external pressure varies from 0 to 20 GPa, which implies that WS{sub 2} may transform from semiconductors to semimetal phase at a pressure about 20 GPa.
Measurement of deuteron beam polarization before and after acceleration
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A Ramazani Moghaddam Arani
2017-02-01
Full Text Available Beam polarization measurement in scattering experiments with a high accuracy and the lowest possible cost is an important issue. In this regard, deuteron beam polarization was measured in the low-energy beam line easily with a relatively low cost procedure and in a very short time by Lamb Shift Polarimeter (LSP. Also, the beam polarization has been measured in high-energy beam line with BINA. In low-energy line, a polarized beam of deuterons delivered by POLIS was decelerated and focused on LSP detection system. Three resonances between 52mT and 63mT show the distribution of different spin states of polarized deuteron beam. In high-energy beam line, polarization can be measured employing BINA via the H(d,dp reaction. The asymmetry ratio, was obtained as a function of azimuthal angle, φ, for several polar scattering angles. Knowing values of the analyzing powers, the ratio has been used to extract the polarization results. The obtained results show that polarization of deuteron beam that is accelerated up to the energy of 130 MeV is almost the same before and after acceleration
Correcting systematic errors in high-sensitivity deuteron polarization measurements
Brantjes, N. P. M.; Dzordzhadze, V.; Gebel, R.; Gonnella, F.; Gray, F. E.; van der Hoek, D. J.; Imig, A.; Kruithof, W. L.; Lazarus, D. M.; Lehrach, A.; Lorentz, B.; Messi, R.; Moricciani, D.; Morse, W. M.; Noid, G. A.; Onderwater, C. J. G.; Ozben, C. S.; Prasuhn, D.; Sandri, P. Levi; Semertzidis, Y. K.; da Silva e Silva, M.; Stephenson, E. J.; Stockhorst, H.; Venanzoni, G.; Versolato, O. O.
2012-01-01
This paper reports deuteron vector and tensor beam polarization measurements taken to investigate the systematic variations due to geometric beam misalignments and high data rates. The experiments used the In-Beam Polarimeter at the KVI-Groningen and the EDDA detector at the Cooler Synchrotron COSY
Study of double scattering effect in antiproton--deuteron annihilation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zemany, P.D.
1975-01-01
The double scattering process in the deuteron is investigated for the reaction anti pd → p/sub s/ + mesons. About 30 percent of the apparent anti pn annihilations are involved in double scattering. A model which describes the properties of protons emerging from apparent anti pn annihilations is presented
Low energy deuteron-induced reactions on Fe isotopes
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Avrigeanu, M.; Avrigeanu, V.; Bém, Pavel; Fischer, U.; Honusek, Milan; Katovsky, K.; Manailescu, C.; Mrázek, Jaromír; Šimečková, Eva; Závorka, Lukáš
2014-01-01
Roč. 89, č. 4 (2014), 044613 ISSN 0556-2813 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LG14004 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : cross sections * proton spectra * polarized deuterons Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 3.733, year: 2014
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Miloud Abid, O.; Yakoubi, A. [Laboratoire d’Etudes des Matériaux et Instrumentations Expérimentales, Université Djilali Liabes de Sidi Bel-Abbes, 22000 (Algeria); Tadjer, A. [Modeling and Simulation in Materials Science Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Sidi Bel-Abbes, Sidi Bel-Abbes (Algeria); Khenata, R., E-mail: khenata_rabah@yahoo.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique de la Modélisation Mathématique (LPQ3M), Université de Mascara, 29000 (Algeria); Ahmed, R. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM Skudai, 81310 Johor (Malaysia); Murtaza, G. [Materials Modeling Laboratory, Department of Physics, Islamia College University, Peshawar (Pakistan); Bin Omran, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Azam, Sikander [New Technologies – Research Center, University of West Bohemia, Univerzitni 8, 306 14 Pilsen (Czech Republic)
2014-12-15
Highlights: • The calculated structural parameters of RMn{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} (R = Ca, Nd and Y) compounds are found in good agreement with the experimental data. • The structural and band structure calculation reveals that these compounds are ferromagnetic brittle metals. • The elastic and thermodynamic properties for the herein studied compounds are investigated for the first time. - Abstract: Intermetallic RMn{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} ternary compounds have attracted considerable attention from researchers in recent years because they show strong indications for novel magnetic characteristics and they have the potential to reveal the mechanism of superlattices. The study of the paramagnetic, ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases affirms the strong dependence to the distance between atomic species in these compounds. In this study, we investigated the structural, elastic, electronic and thermodynamic properties of the intermetallic RMn{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} (R = Ca, Nd and Y) compounds. To carry out this study, we used the full potential (FP) linearized (L) augmented plane wave plus local orbitals (APW + lo), a scheme of calculations developed within the frame work of density functional theory (DFT). To incorporate the exchange correlation (XC) energy and corresponding potential into the total energy calculations, local density approximation (LDA) parameterized by Perdew and Wang is taken into account. Analysis of the density of states (DOS) profile illustrates the conducting nature of these intermetallic compounds; with a predominantly contribution from the R and Mn-d states. At ambient conditions, calculations for elastic constants (C{sub 11}, C{sub 12}, C{sub 13}, C{sub 44}, C{sub 33} and C{sub 66}) are also performed, which point to their brittle character. In addition, the quasi harmonic Debye model was used to predict the thermal properties, together with relative expansion coefficients and heat capacity.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Waidyawansa, Dinayadura Buddhini [Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
2013-08-01
The beam normal single spin asymmetry generated in the scattering of transversely polarized electrons from unpolarized nucleons is an observable of the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange process. Moreover, it is a potential source of false asymmetry in parity violating electron scattering experiments. The Q{sub weak} experiment uses parity violating electron scattering to make a direct measurement of the weak charge of the proton. The targeted 4% measurement of the weak charge of the proton probes for parity violating new physics beyond the Standard Model. The beam normal single spin asymmetry at Q{sub weak} kinematics is at least three orders of magnitude larger than 5 ppb precision of the parity violating asymmetry. To better understand this parity conserving background, the Q{sub weak} Collaboration has performed elastic scattering measurements with fully transversely polarized electron beam on the proton and aluminum. This dissertation presents the analysis of the 3% measurement (1.3% statistical and 2.6% systematic) of beam normal single spin asymmetry in electronproton scattering at a Q2 of 0.025 (GeV/c)2. It is the most precise existing measurement of beam normal single spin asymmetry available at the time. A measurement of this precision helps to improve the theoretical models on beam normal single spin asymmetry and thereby our understanding of the doubly virtual Compton scattering process.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amusia, M.Ya.; Kuchiev, M.Yu.
1979-01-01
The jump in the electron - atomic-hydrogen forward scattering amplitude at the cut extending to the left from E = -0.5 au is calculated as a function of the incident electron energy, E, by using the second Born approximation. The contribution from this singularity to the dispersion relation is determined. (Auth.)
Cheddadi, S.; Boubendira, K.; Meradji, H.; Ghemid, S.; Hassan, F. El Haj; Lakel, S.; Khenata, R.
2017-12-01
First-principle calculations on the structural, electronic, optical, elastic and thermal properties of the chalcopyrite MgXAs2 (X=Si, Ge) have been performed within the density functional theory (DFT) using the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method. The obtained equilibrium structural parameters are in good agreement with the available experimental data and theoretical results. The calculated band structures reveal a direct energy band gap for the interested compounds. The predicted band gaps using the modified Becke-Johnson (mBJ) exchange approximation are in fairly good agreement with the experimental data. The optical constants such as the dielectric function, refractive index, and the extinction coefficient are calculated and analysed. The independent elastic parameters namely, C_{11}, C_{12}, C_{13}, C_{33}, C_{44} and C_{66 } are evaluated. The effects of temperature and pressure on some macroscopic properties of MgSiAs2 and MgGeAs2 are predicted using the quasiharmonic Debye model in which the lattice vibrations are taken into account.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jeanette Noel Du Plooy
Full Text Available Thrombo-embolic ischemic stroke is a serious and debilitating disease, and it remains the second most common cause of death worldwide. Tobacco smoke exposure continues to be responsible for preventable deaths around the world, and is a major risk factor for stroke. Platelets play a fundamental role in clotting, and their pathophysiological functioning is present in smokers and stroke patients, resulting in a pro-thrombotic state. In the current manuscript, atomic force and scanning electron microscopy were used to compare the platelets of smokers, stroke patients and healthy individuals. Results showed that the elastic modulus of stroke platelets is decreased by up to 40%, whereas there is an elasticity decrease of up to 20% in smokers' platelets. This indicates a biophysical alteration of the platelets. Ultrastructurally, both the stroke patients and smokers' platelets are more activated than the healthy control group, with prominent cytoskeletal rearrangement involved; but to a more severe extent in the stroke group than in the smokers. Importantly, this is a confirmation of the extent of smoking as risk factor for stroke. We conclude by suggesting that the combined AFM and SEM analyses of platelets might give valuable information about the disease status of patients. Efficacy of treatment regimes on the integrity, cell shape, roughness and health status of platelets may be tracked, as this cell's health status is crucial in the over-activated coagulation system of conditions like stroke.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xianfeng Li
2017-06-01
Full Text Available The pressure dependent behaviors on the structural, elastic and electronic properties of the A15 structure Nb3Ir and Nb3Pt were studied using first-principles calculations based on the density functional theory within generalized gradient approximation and local density approximation methods. Initially, the optimized lattice constants of Nb3Ir and Nb3Pt are consistent with the available experimental and theoretical results. Furthermore, Nb3Ir is found to be more thermodynamically stable than Nb3Pt due to its lower formation enthalpy and higher melting temperature. In addition, the elastic constants of Nb3Ir and Nb3Pt show an increasing tendency, and keep mechanically stable structures under pressures to 40 GPa. Besides, the increasing Cauchy pressures and B/G values have indicated that higher pressures can improve their ductility in both Nb3Ir and Nb3Pt. Finally, the pressure-dependent behaviors on the density of states, Mulliken charges and bond lengths are discussed for both compounds.
Chubelaschwili, David; Pinkall, Ulrich
2010-01-01
Motivated by the problem of finding an explicit description of a developable narrow Moebius strip of minimal bending energy, which was first formulated by M. Sadowsky in 1930, we will develop the theory of elastic strips. Recently E.L. Starostin and G.H.M. van der Heijden found a numerical description for an elastic Moebius strip, but did not give an integrable solution. We derive two conservation laws, which describe the equilibrium equations of elastic strips. In applying these laws we find...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Burtin, Etienne
1996-01-01
This research thesis reports the development of a muon-based polarimeter which implements elastic scattering of muons on a target of polarised electrons. In its first part, it describes the deeply inelastic scattering process, and presents the theoretical framework for the interpretation of experimental results. The author describes the experimental installation, and the measurement of the beam polarisation by elastic scattering on a target of polarised electrons. He reports the analysis of data obtained with a 190 GeV beam, the discussion and assessment of error sources, the comparison of these results with other measurements using the muon in-flight disintegration, and with the prediction obtained by the beam line simulation. He finally reports the results of the SMC experiment obtained for the proton and the deuteron, and demonstrates the verification of the Bjorken sum rule
Elastic energy of the flux lines in the matter. The interaction energy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dolocan, Voicu
1999-01-01
A theoretical treatment of the interaction between the bodies, by using the elastic coupling through the flux lines, is presented. We show that the elastic coupling through the flux lines gives an interaction energy between two superconductor or magnetic pieces, which is inversely proportional to the distance between the two bodies. We extend this concept to the gravitational and electrical interaction. For the electrical interaction one obtains that the statics interaction energy is inversely proportional to the distance between the charges, as in the Coulomb's law, while the oscillatory interaction is inversely proportional to the third power of the distance between the charged particles. This means that at shorter distance an attraction between the two charged particles of the same sign, may appear if the oscillatory energy of interaction is larger than the statics energy of interaction. In addition, the oscillatory interaction appears only as a virtual process. We apply these results to the deuteron and to the electron pairs in superconductors. Also, for the gravitation one obtains that the interaction energy is inversely proportional to the distance between the centers of the two bodies as in Newton's law. (author)
Balakina, E. V.; Zotov, N. M.; Fedin, A. P.
2018-02-01
Modeling of the motion of the elastic wheel of the vehicle in real-time is used in the tasks of constructing different models in the creation of wheeled vehicles motion control electronic systems, in the creation of automobile stand-simulators etc. The accuracy and the reliability of simulation of the parameters of the wheel motion in real-time when rolling with a slip within the given road conditions are determined not only by the choice of the model, but also by the inaccuracy and instability of the numerical calculation. It is established that the inaccuracy and instability of the calculation depend on the size of the step of integration and the numerical method being used. The analysis of these inaccuracy and instability when wheel rolling with a slip was made and recommendations for reducing them were developed. It is established that the total allowable range of steps of integration is 0.001.0.005 s; the strongest instability is manifested in the calculation of the angular and linear accelerations of the wheel; the weakest instability is manifested in the calculation of the translational velocity of the wheel and moving of the center of the wheel; the instability is less at large values of slip angle and on more slippery surfaces. A new method of the average acceleration is suggested, which allows to significantly reduce (up to 100%) the manifesting of instability of the solution in the calculation of all parameters of motion of the elastic wheel for different braking conditions and for the entire range of steps of integration. The results of research can be applied to the selection of control algorithms in vehicles motion control electronic systems and in the testing stand-simulators
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Perry Anthony; R.G. Arnold; Todd Averett; H.R. Band; M.C. Berisso; H. Borel; Peter Bosted; Stephen Bueltmann; M. Buenerd; T. Chupp; Steve Churchwell; G.R. Court; Donald Crabb; Donal Day; Piotr Decowski; P. DePietro; R. Erbacher; R. Erickson; Andrew Feltham; Helene Fonvieille; Emil Frlez; R. Gearhart; V. Ghazikhanian; Javier Gomez; Keith Griffioen; C. Harris; M.A. Houlden; E.W. Hughes; Charles Hyde-Wright; G. Igo; Sebastien Incerti; John Jensen; J.R. Johnson; Paul King; Yu.G. Kolomensky; Sebastian Kuhn; Richard Lindgren; R.M. Lombard-Nelsen; Jacques Marroncle; James Mccarthy; Paul McKee; W. Meyer; G.S. Mitchell; Joseph Mitchell; Michael Olson; S. Penttila; Gerald Peterson; Gerassimos Petratos; R. Pitthan; Dinko Pocanic; R. Prepost; C. Prescott; Liming Qin; Brian Raue; D. Reyna; L.S. Rochester; Stephen Rock; Oscar Rondon-Aramayo; Franck Sabatie; Ingo Sick; T. Smith; L. Sorrell; F. Staley; S. St. Lorant; L.M. Stuart; Z. Szalata; Y. Terrien; William Tobias; Luminita Todor; T. Toole; S. Trentalange; Dieter Walz; Robert Welsh; Frank Wesselmann; T.R. Wright; C.C. Young; Markus Zeier; Hong Guo Zhu; Benedikt Zihlmann
1999-09-30
New measurements are reported on the deuteron spin structure function g{sub 1}{sup d}. These results were obtained from deep inelastic scattering of 48.3 GeV electrons on polarized deuterons in the kinematic range 0.01 < x < 0.9 and 1 < Q{sup 2} < 40 (GeV/c){sup 2}. These are the first high dose electron scattering data obtained using lithium deuteride ({sup 6}Li{sup 2}H) as the target material. Extrapolations of the data were performed to obtain moments of g{sub 1}{sup d}, including {Gamma}{sub 1}{sup d}, and the net quark polarization {Delta} {Sigma}.
Precise Measurement of Deuteron Tensor Analyzing Powers with BLAST
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhang, C.; Akdogan, T.; Bertozzi, W.; Botto, T.; Clasie, B.; DeGrush, A.; Dow, K.; Farkhondeh, M.; Franklin, W.; Gilad, S.; Hasell, D.; Kolster, H.; Maschinot, A.; Matthews, J.; Meitanis, N.; Milner, R.; Redwine, R.; Seely, J.; Shinozaki, A.; Tschalaer, C.
2011-01-01
We report a precision measurement of the deuteron tensor analyzing powers T 20 and T 21 at the MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Center. Data were collected simultaneously over a momentum transfer range Q=2.15-4.50 fm -1 with the Bates Large Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid using a highly polarized deuterium internal gas target. The data are in excellent agreement with calculations in a framework of effective field theory. The deuteron charge monopole and quadrupole form factors G C and G Q were separated with improved precision, and the location of the first node of G C was confirmed at Q=4.19±0.05 fm -1 . The new data provide a strong constraint on theoretical models in a momentum transfer range covering the minimum of T 20 and the first node of G C .
a Calculation of the Deuteron as a Biskyrmion.
Schramm, Alec Judah
A numerical relaxation procedure is used to find a suitable deuteron configuration in the Skyrme model of low energy strong interactions. The initial configuration used is that of two single skyrmion solutions place side by side on a lattice using the so-called product ansatz, without any a priori symmetry assumptions. Two such configurations are investigated, one with chiral symmetry explicitly broken by a massive pion field, the other in the chiral limit using a massless pion. A bound biskymion state is found for both cases, and the symmetry of the configurations explored. It is discovered that the relaxed configurations no longer appear to be that of a product of chiral fields, thus strengthening the validity of this ab initio approach to the deuteron. The research was conducted on the FPS -164 attached array processor at the Triangle Universities Computation Center.
Online polarimetry of the Nuclotron internal deuteron and proton beams
Isupov, A. Yu
2017-12-01
The spin studies at Nuclotron require fast and precise determination of the deuteron and proton beam polarization. For these purposes new powerful VME–based data acquisition (DAQ) system has been designed for the Deuteron Spin Structure setup placed at the Nuclotron Internal Target Station. The DAQ system is built using the netgraph–based data acquisition and processing framework ngdp. The software dealing with VME hardware is a set of netgraph nodes in form of the loadable kernel modules, so works in the operating system kernel context. The specific for current implementation nodes and user context utilities are described. The online events representation by ROOT classes allows us to generalize code for histograms filling and polarization calculations. The DAQ system was successfully used during 53rd and 54th Nuclotron runs, and their suitability for online polarimetry is demonstrated.
Relativistic correction to the deuteron magnetic moment and angular condition
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kondratyuk, L.A.; Strikman, M.I.
1983-01-01
The relativistic correction (RC) to the deuteron magnetic moment μsub(d) is investigated using the light-cone dynamics. The restrictions imposed by the angular condition on the electromagnetic current operator of deuteron are discussed in detail. It is shown that the additive model for the current operator of interacting consistuencies is consistent with the angular condition only for the two first terms of expansion of the ''good'' electromagnetic current component jsub(+) in powers of the momentum transfer q. The RC into μsub(d) is calculated using the mattix element of the ''good'' component. The account of RC decreases essentially the discrepancy between the theoretical and experimental values. The value of Δsub(μ) is determined for the Hamada-Johnston potential hard core potential (0.93x10 -2 ) for the Reid soft core potential (0.71x10 -2 ) and for the Paris potential (0.63x10 -2 )
Final-state interaction in processes of deuteron breaking
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Thome Filho, Z.D.
1974-12-01
Interaction between particles in the final state of reactions can strongly affect the experimental angular distributions, as in the scattering processes with the breaking of the deuteron target, where the final state interaction is responsible for the disappearance of the differential cross section in the front direction. It is then necessary to include the contribution of the final state interaction to small angles of incoherent processes particle-deuteron. In this work line, an analysis is made of the process πd → πpn for different values of the incident energy. The data obtained are compared with existing experimental data. The hypothesis is also considered of the nucleon which collides with the incident particle being outside the mass layer. An analytical extension of the resonant amplitude πN outwards the mass layer is also used
Development of optical-pumping polarized deuteron target
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tamae, Tadaaki; Yokokawa, Tamio; Nishikawa, Itaru; Abe, Kazuhiro; Konno, Osamu; Nakagawa, Itaru; Sugawara, Masumi; Tanaka, Eiji; Yamaguchi, Nobuo; Yamazaki, Hirohito; Miyase, Haruhisa; Tsubota, Hiroaki
1998-01-01
An optical-pumping system of rubidium atoms for a laser-driven polarized deuteron target was constructed. The density and polarization of the rubidium atoms were measured using Faraday rotation. The rotation angle was determined within an error of 0.01 deg. Our preliminary result showed a polarization of 0.4 at a gas thickness of 4x10 13 atoms/cm 2
Dipole stabilizer rods for 400 keV deuteron RFQ
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sista, V.L.S. Rao; Srivastava, S.C.L.; Pande, Rajni; Roy, Shweta; Singh, P.
2009-01-01
In our 400 keV deuteron RFQ for neutron production, the destructive dipolar modes are very close to the required quadrupolar mode. In order to increase the spacing between the quadrupole and dipole modes the dipolar stabilizer rods (DSR's) are used. The design of the DSR's is done using the computer code CST Microwave studio. The variation of the quadrupole and dipolar mode frequencies with the radius and length of the DSR's are studied. (author)
Low-energy deuteron-induced reactions on Nb-93
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Avrigeanu, M.; Avrigeanu, V.; Bém, Pavel; Fischer, U.; Honusek, Milan; Koning, A.J.; Mrázek, Jaromír; Šimečková, Eva; Štefánik, Milan; Závorka, Lukáš
2013-01-01
Roč. 88, č. 1 (2013), 014612 ISSN 0556-2813 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(XE) LM2011019 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : deuteron-induced reactions * cross sections * breakup mechanism Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 3.881, year: 2013 http://prc. aps .org/pdf/PRC/v88/i1/e014612
A liquid hydrocarbon deuteron source for neutron generators
Schwoebel, P. R.
2017-06-01
Experimental studies of a deuteron spark source for neutron generators using hydrogen isotope fusion reactions are reported. The ion source uses a spark discharge between electrodes coated with a deuterated hydrocarbon liquid, here Santovac 5, to inhibit permanent electrode erosion and extend the lifetime of high-output neutron generator spark ion sources. Thompson parabola mass spectra show that principally hydrogen and deuterium ions are extracted from the ion source. Hydrogen is the chief residual gas phase species produced due to source operation in a stainless-steel vacuum chamber. The prominent features of the optical emission spectra of the discharge are C+ lines, the hydrogen Balmer Hα-line, and the C2 Swan bands. Operation of the ion source was studied in a conventional laboratory neutron generator. The source delivered an average deuteron current of ˜0.5 A nominal to the target in a 5 μs duration pulse at 1 Hz with target voltages of -80 to -100 kV. The thickness of the hydrocarbon liquid in the spark gap and the consistency thereof from spark to spark influences the deuteron yield and plays a role in determining the beam-focusing characteristics through the applied voltage necessary to break down the spark gap. Higher breakdown voltages result in larger ion beam spots on the target and vice-versa. Because the liquid self-heals and thereby inhibits permanent electrode erosion, the liquid-based source provides long life, with 104 pulses to date, and without clear evidence that, in principle, the lifetime could not be much longer. Initial experiments suggest that an alternative cylindrical target-type generator design can extract approximately 10 times the deuteron current from the source. Preliminary data using the deuterated source liquid as a neutron-producing target are also presented.
Kundu, Ashis; Ghosh, Sheuly; Ghosh, Subhradip
2017-11-01
We investigate the effects of Fe and Co substitutions on the phase stability of the martensitic phase and mechanical, electronic, and magnetic properties of the magnetic shape memory system Mn2NiGa by first-principles density functional theory calculations. The evolution of these aspects upon substitution of Fe and Co at different crystallographic sites is investigated by computing the electronic structure, mechanical properties (tetragonal shear constant, Pugh ratio, and Cauchy pressure), and magnetic exchange parameters. We find that the austenite phase of Mn2NiGa gradually stabilizes with increase in concentration of Fe/Co due to the weakening of the minority spin hybridization of Ni and Mn atoms occupying crystallographically equivalent sites. The interplay between relative structural stability and the compositional changes is understood from the variations in the elastic moduli and electronic structures. We find that like in the Ni2MnGa -based systems, the elastic shear modulus C' can be considered as a predictor of composition dependence of martensitic transformation temperature Tm in substituted Mn2NiGa , thus singling it out as the universally acceptable predictor for martensitic transformation in Ni-Mn-Ga compounds over a wide composition range. The magnetic properties of Mn2NiGa are found to be greatly improved by the substitutions due to stronger ferromagnetic interactions in the compounds. The gradually weaker (stronger) Jahn-Teller distortion (covalent bonding) in the minority spin densities of states due to substitutions leads to a half-metallic-like gap in these compounds resulting in materials with high spin polarization when the substitutions are complete. The substitutions at the Ga site result in the two compounds Mn2NiFe and Mn2NiCo with very high magnetic moments and Curie temperatures. Thus, our work indicates that although the substitutions destroy the martensitic transformation and thus the possibility of realization of shape memory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kabir, Al Amin [Kent State Univ., Kent, OH (United States)
2015-12-01
Analysis of high-energy electron scattering has been used to determine the charge radii of nuclei for several decades. Recent analysis of the Lamb shift in muonic hydrogen found an r.m.s. radius significantly different than the electron scattering result. To understand this puzzle we have analyzed the "LEDEX" data for the (e, e'p) reaction. This experiment includes measurements on several light nuclei, hydrogen, deuterium, lithium, boron, and carbon. To test our ability to measure absolute cross sections, as well as our ability to extract the charge radius, we tested our technique against the extremely well-measured carbon case and found excellent agreement using the Fourier-Bessel parametrization. We then extended the procedure to boron and lithium, which show nice agreement with the latest theoretical calculations. For hydrogen, we see clearly the limits of this technique and therefore, the charge radius is determined from the traditional extrapolation to q^{2} = 0. We will show that there is a model dependence in extracting the charge radius of hydrogen and its unambiguous determination is very difficult with available electron-scattering measurements.
Birefringence (spin rotation and spin dichroism) of high-energy deuterons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baryshevskij, V.G.; Rovba, A.A.
2016-01-01
The phenomenon of birefringence (spin rotation and spin dichroism) of high-energy deuterons, currently observed in experiments, is the macroscopic quantum effect similar to the birefringence effect known in optics. This paper considers the contribution coming to the spin dichroism effect from the interaction of deuteron electric quadrupole moment and nuclear electric field. The effect proves to be responsive to the behavior of deuteron ground state wave functions at a small distance. [ru
Production of (anti)deuterons in heavy-ion collisions at SPS energies
Kolesnikov, Vadim Ivanovich
2015-01-01
In this paper NA49 results on the production of deuterons and anti-deuterons in semi-central Pb+Pb collisions at 158A GeV are presented. Midrapidity transverse momentum spectra of d ( ̄ d ) are analysed in several centrality bins. A combined analysis of (anti)deuterons and (anti)protons iss performed in the framework of the coalescence model.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mahgerefteh, M.
1985-01-01
Absolute e - -He and e - -H 2 total electronically, elastic differential cross-sections have been determined from relative scattered electron angular distribution measurements in the energy range form 2 to 19 eV in e - -He; and 1-19 eV in e - -H 2 by comparison to absolute e - -He cross-section measurements. The s, p, and d phase shifts determined in work are roughly in agreement with various previous determinations. The total and momentum-transfer cross sections for e - -He, and integrated total cross-sections for e - -H 2 have been determined as well. In case of e - -He, the total and momentum transfer cross sections found in this work at 2 and 5 eV are in excellent agreement with the direct measurements of Golden and Bandel and of Crompton et al., respectively. For e - -H 2 , absolute differences as large as 50% between the present results and some previous results have been found, although the agreement as to shape is quite good in many cases. The present results, for e - -H 2 , are generally in excellent agreement with recent full rovibrational laboratory-frame close-coupling calculations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pan, Y.; Zheng, W.T.; Guan, W.M.; Zhang, K.H.; Fan, X.F.
2013-01-01
The structural formation, elastic properties, hardness and electronic structure of TMB 4 (TM=Cr, Re, Ru and Os) compounds are investigated using first-principles approach. The value of C 22 for these compounds is almost two times bigger than the C 11 and C 33 . The intrinsic hardness, shear modulus and Young's modulus are calculated to be in a sequence of CrB 4 >ReB 4 >RuB 4 >OsB 4 , and the Poisson's ratio and B/G ratio of TMB 4 follow the order of CrB 4 4 4 4 . The intrinsic hardness of CrB 4 and ReB 4 by LDA is bigger than 40 GPa. The high hardness of TMB 4 compounds is derived from the feature of B–B bonds cage and higher C 22 value. The B–B covalent bonds as bonds cage enhances the resistance to shear deformation and improve the hardness. We predict that the TMB 4 compounds with CrB 4 -type are the potential superhard materials. - Graphical abstract: The first-principles calculations show that the intrinsic hardness of CrB 4 and ReB 4 are bigger than 40 GPa, which are the potential superhard materials due to the B–B bonds cage structure. Display Omitted - Highlights: • The intrinsic hardness of CrB 4 and ReB 4 is bigger than 40 GPa. • The hardness of TMB 4 is calculated to be in a sequence of CrB 4 >ReB 4 >RuB 4 >OsB 4 . • The trend of hardness for TMB 4 is consistent with the variation of elastic modulus. • The C 22 value of TMB 4 is bigger than that of C 11 and C 33 . • The high hardness of TMB 4 is originated from the B–B bonds cage
Low-energy photodisintegration of the deuteron and Big-Bang nucleosynthesis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tornow, W.; Czakon, N.G.; Howell, C.R.; Hutcheson, A.; Kelley, J.H.; Litvinenko, V.N.; Mikhailov, S.F.; Pinayev, I.V.; Weisel, G.J.; Witala, H.
2003-01-01
The photon analyzing power for the photodisintegration of the deuteron was measured for seven gamma-ray energies between 2.39 and 4.05 MeV using the linearly polarized gamma-ray beam of the high-intensity gamma-ray source at the Duke Free-Electron Laser Laboratory. The data provide a stringent test of theoretical calculations for the inverse reaction, the neutron-proton radiative capture reaction at energies important for Big-Bang nucleosynthesis. Our data are in excellent agreement with potential model and effective field theory calculations. Therefore, the uncertainty in the baryon density Ω B h 2 obtained from Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis can be reduced at least by 20%
Measurement of the Proton and Deuteron Spin Structure Function g1 in the Resonance Region
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abe, K.; Akagi, T.; Perry Anthony; Antonov, R.; Arnold, R.G.; Todd Averett; Band, H.R.; Bauer, J.M.; Borel, H.; Peter Bosted; Vincent Breton; Button-Shafer, J.; Jian-Ping Chen; T.E. Chupp; J. Clendenin; C. Comptour; K.P. Coulter; G. Court; Donald Crabb; M. Daoudi; Donal Day; F.S. Dietrich; James Dunne; H. Dutz; R. Erbacher; J. Fellbaum; Andrew Feltham; Helene Fonvieille; Emil Frlez; D. Garvey; R. Gearhart; Javier Gomez; P. Grenier; Keith Griffioen; S. Hoeibraten; Emlyn Hughes; Charles Hyde-Wright; J.R. Johnson; D. Kawall; Andreas Klein; Sebastian Kuhn; M. Kuriki; Richard Lindgren; T.J. Liu; R.M. Lombard-Nelsen; Jacques Marroncle; Tomoyuki Maruyama; X.K. Maruyama; James Mccarthy; Werner Meyer; Zein-Eddine Meziani; Ralph Minehart; Joseph Mitchell; J. Morgenstern; Gerassimos Petratos; R. Pitthan; Dinko Pocanic; C. Prescott; R. Prepost; P. Raines; Brian Raue; D. Reyna; A. Rijllart; Yves Roblin; L. Rochester; Stephen Rock; Oscar Rondon-Aramayo; Ingo Sick; Lee Smith; Tim Smith; M. Spengos; F. Staley; P. Steiner; S. St. Lorant; L.M. Stuart; F. Suekane; Z.M. Szalata; Huabin Tang; Y. Terrien; Tracy Usher; Dieter Walz; Frank Wesselmann; J.L. White; K. Witte; C. Young; Brad Youngman; Haruo Yuta; G. Zapalac; Benedikt Zihlmann; Zimmermann, D.
1997-01-01
We have measured the proton and deuteron spin structure functions g 1 p and g 1 d in the region of the nucleon resonances for W 2 2 and Q 2 ≅ 0.5 and Q 2 ≅ 1.2 GeV 2 by inelastically scattering 9.7 GeV polarized electrons off polarized 15 NH 3 and 15 ND 3 targets. We observe significant structure in g 1 p in the resonance region. We have used the present results, together with the deep-inelastic data at higher W 2 , to extract Γ(Q 2 ) (triple b ond) ∫ 0 1 g 1 (x,Q 2 ) dx. This is the first information on the low-Q 2 evolution of Gamma toward the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn limit at Q 2 = 0
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kharchenko, A.V.
1997-01-01
The anisotropy effect of the electric polarization (stretching) of the deuteron in the Coulomb field, caused by the tensor character of the nuclear force, is investigated. The values of the longitudinal (with the major axis, or the spin of the deuteron, directed along the electric field), and transverse components of the deuteron electric dipole polarizability that correspond to the low-energy n-p data, are predicted to be α parallel =0.669 fm 3 and α perpendicular to =0.555 fm 3 (the potential YYm). The values of the major and minor semi-axes of the deuteron are calculated. (orig.)
Vliet, Jurg; Wel, Steven; Dowd, Dara
2011-01-01
While it's always been possible to run Java applications on Amazon EC2, Amazon's Elastic Beanstalk makes the process easier-especially if you understand how it works beneath the surface. This concise, hands-on book not only walks you through Beanstalk for deploying and managing web applications in the cloud, you'll also learn how to use this AWS tool in other phases of development. Ideal if you're a developer familiar with Java applications or AWS, Elastic Beanstalk provides step-by-step instructions and numerous code samples for building cloud applications on Beanstalk that can handle lots
Measurement of the reaction 2H(e,e') at 180 degrees close to the deuteron breakup threshold.
Ryezayeva, N; Arenhövel, H; Burda, O; Byelikov, A; Chernykh, M; Enders, J; Griesshammer, H W; Kalmykov, Y; von Neumann-Cosel, P; Ozel, B; Poltoratska, I; Pysmenetska, I; Rangacharyulu, C; Rathi, S; Richter, A; Schrieder, G; Shevchenko, A; Yevetska, O
2008-05-02
Inclusive inelastic electron scattering off the deuteron under 180 degrees has been studied at the S-DALINAC close to the breakup threshold at momentum transfers q=0.27 fm;{-1} and 0.74 fm;{-1} with good energy resolution sufficient to map in detail the spin flip M1 response, which governs the starting reaction pn-->dgamma of big-bang nucleosynthesis over most of the relevant temperature region. Results from potential model calculations and (for q=0.27 fm;{-1}) from pionless nuclear effective field theory are in excellent agreement with the data.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Miley, George H.
2012-01-01
Fast Ignition (FI) uses Petawatt laser generated particle beam pulse to ignite a small volume called a pre-compressed Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) target, and is the favored method to achieve the high energy gain per target burn needed for an attractive ICF power plant. Ion beams such as protons, deuterons or heavier carbon ions are especially appealing for FI as they have relative straight trajectory, and easier to focus on the fuel capsule. But current experiments have encountered problems with the 'converter-foil' which is irradiated by the Petawatt laser to produce the ion beams. The problems include depletion of the available ions in the convertor foils, and poor energy efficiency (ion beam energy/ input laser energy). We proposed to develop a volumetrically-loaded ultra-high-density deuteron deuterium cluster material as the basis for converter-foil for deuteron beam generation. The deuterons will fuse with the ICF DT while they slow down, providing an extra 'bonus' energy gain in addition to heating the hot spot. Also, due to the volumetric loading, the foil will provide sufficient energetic deuteron beam flux for 'hot spot' ignition, while avoiding the depletion problem encountered by current proton-driven FI foils. After extensive comparative studies, in Phase I, high purity PdO/Pd/PdO foils were selected for the high packing fraction D-Cluster converter foils. An optimized loading process has been developed to increase the cluster packing fraction in this type of foil. As a result, the packing fraction has been increased from 0.1% to 10% - meeting the original Phase I goal and representing a significant progress towards the beam intensities needed for both FI and pulsed neutron applications. Fast Ignition provides a promising approach to achieve high energy gain target performance needed for commercial Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF). This is now a realistic goal for near term in view of the anticipated ICF target burn at the National Ignition
Vassiliev, Dmitri
2017-04-01
We consider an infinite three-dimensional elastic continuum whose material points experience no displacements, only rotations. This framework is a special case of the Cosserat theory of elasticity. Rotations of material points are described mathematically by attaching to each geometric point an orthonormal basis that gives a field of orthonormal bases called the coframe. As the dynamical variables (unknowns) of our theory, we choose the coframe and a density. We write down the general dynamic variational functional for our rotational theory of elasticity, assuming our material to be physically linear but the kinematic model geometrically nonlinear. Allowing geometric nonlinearity is natural when dealing with rotations because rotations in dimension three are inherently nonlinear (rotations about different axes do not commute) and because there is no reason to exclude from our study large rotations such as full turns. The main result of the talk is an explicit construction of a class of time-dependent solutions that we call plane wave solutions; these are travelling waves of rotations. The existence of such explicit closed-form solutions is a non-trivial fact given that our system of Euler-Lagrange equations is highly nonlinear. We also consider a special case of our rotational theory of elasticity which in the stationary setting (harmonic time dependence and arbitrary dependence on spatial coordinates) turns out to be equivalent to a pair of massless Dirac equations. The talk is based on the paper [1]. [1] C.G.Boehmer, R.J.Downes and D.Vassiliev, Rotational elasticity, Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics, 2011, vol. 64, p. 415-439. The paper is a heavily revised version of preprint https://arxiv.org/abs/1008.3833
Photoproduction of Neutral Kaons on Deuterons
Beckford, Brian
2006-11-01
Experimentation to greater understand the strangeness production mechanism can be performed by observing the electromagnetic interaction that leads to Kaon photoproduction. The n (γ, K^0) λ reaction may assist in answering questions about the strangeness photo-production process. An experiment into the elementary Kaon photoproduction process was investigated in an experiment conducted at the Laboratory of Nuclear Science of Tohoku University (LNS) using the Neutral Kaon Spectrometer. (NKS). The experiment was conducted by the d (γ, K^0) reaction. K^0 will be measured in the K^0->π^+π^- decay chain by the NKS. The NKS implements many detectors working in coincidence: These ranging from the Tagged Photon Beam generated by the 1.2 GeV Electron beam via bremsstrahlung, an Inner Plastic Scintillator Hodoscope (IH), a Straw Drift Chamber (SDC), a Cylindrical Drift Chamber (CDC), and an Outer Plastic Scintillator Hodoscope. Due to the background produced through the γ-> e+e- process, electron veto counters (EV) were placed in the middle of the OH to reject charged particles in the horizontal plane of the beam line. Preliminary analysis of the data indicates the need for pulse height correction. This was achieved by analysis of the Inner and Outer hodoscopes, and determining the energy deposit in the scintillators.
Lebedev, V M; Struzhko, B G
2002-01-01
Heterogeneous data on the double and triple differential cross sections of d + p -> np + p and d + t(h) -> np + t(h) or d + t -> nn + h nuclear reactions are reduced by Migdal-Watson approximation to the unified shape of the differential cross section angular dependence having in mind just singlet nucleon-nucleon pair formation. The results are compared with the supermultiplet potential model of the lightest nuclei interaction. The d + t(h) collision is characterized by the fact that the power of V sup [ sup 4 sup 1 sup ] (r) potential is 50% higher than that of the V sup [ sup 3 sup 2 sup ] (r) one ([f] = [41] and [f] = [32] are the orbital Young patterns. This is why the theory is able to describe quantitatively both the above experiment and the elastic scattering one. However, for d + p collision the difference of potential powers for the [f] = [3] and [f] = [21] patterns equals 20% only and the agreement of theory with experiment on deuteron spin-flip is merely qualitative
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kothe, Rainer
2008-01-07
The A4-collaboration at the Mainzer Mikrotron MAMI studies the structure of the proton using the elastic scattering of polarized electrons off an unpolarized hydrogen target. When the electrons are longitudinally polarized, the parity violating asymmetry in the cross section can be measured. From this measurement the contribution of the strange quarks to the form factors of the proton can be extracted. In particular, a new measurement at backward angles and a beam energy of 319 MeV allows in combination with a recent value measured at the same Q{sup 2} under forward angles, to separate the magnetic and electric strange form factors via the Rosenbluth method. As part of this work, an electronic system implementing the trigger, analog signal processing, A/D-conversion and event counting was developed. This system contains a locally coupled network structure of the 1022 single channels and was designed to process rates in the range of 100 MHz. For the experimental operation it was necessary to examine the quality and stability of the system and to extract characteristic calibration values. The reliable operation of the system in a parity violating experiment measuring at the 10{sup -6} level was demonstrated. Moreover, the system was successfully upgraded to incorporate an electron tagger system, which was necessary to supress the dominating inelastic background of photons at backward angles. The preliminary value for the parity violating asymmetry for the elastic scattering of longitudinal polarized electrons off an unpolarized hydrogen target under backward angles for Q{sup 2}=0.23 GeV{sup 2}/c{sup 2} is A{sub PV}=(-16.37{+-}0.93{sub stat}{+-}0.69{sub syst}) ppm. This determines the difference of the measured asymmetry A{sub PV} and the theoretical prediction A{sub 0}=(-16.27{+-}1.22) ppm to be A{sub S}=A{sub PV}-A{sub 0}=(-0.10{+-}1.68) ppm. In combination with the value measured at forward angles, A{sub PV}=(-5.59{+-}0.57{sub stat}{+-}0.29{sub syst}) ppm, the
Bastos, Carlos M. O.; Sabino, Fernando P.; Sipahi, Guilherme M.; Da Silva, Juarez L. F.
2018-02-01
Despite the large number of theoretical III-V semiconductor studies reported every year, our atomistic understanding is still limited. The limitations of the theoretical approaches to yield accurate structural and electronic properties on an equal footing, is due to the unphysical self-interaction problem that mainly affects the band gap and spin-orbit splitting (SOC) in semiconductors and, in particular, III-V systems with similar magnitude of the band gap and SOC. In this work, we report a consistent study of the structural and electronic properties of the III-V semiconductors by using the screening hybrid-density functional theory framework, by fitting the α parameters for 12 different III-V compounds, namely, AlN, AlP, AlAs, AlSb, GaN, GaP, GaAs, GaSb, InN, InP, InAs, and InSb, to minimize the deviation between the theoretical and experimental values of the band gap and SOC. Structural relaxation effects were also included. Except for AlP, whose α = 0.127, we obtained α values that ranged from 0.209 to 0.343, which deviate by less than 0.1 from the universal value of 0.25. Our results for the lattice parameter and elastic constants indicate that the fitting of α does not affect those structural parameters when compared with the HSE06 functional, where α = 0.25. Our analysis of the band structure based on the k ṡ p method shows that the effective masses are in agreement with the experimental values, which can be attributed to the simultaneous fitting of the band gap and SOC. Also, we estimate the values of g-factors, extracted directly from the band structure, which are close to experimental results, which indicate that the obtained band structure produced a realistic set of k ṡ p parameters.
Measurement of the longitudinal deuteron spin-structure function in deep-inelastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bauer, J.M.
1996-09-01
Experiment E143 at SLAC performed deep-inelastic scattering measurements with polarized electrons incident on polarized protons and deuterons. The data for the beam energy of 29 GeV cover the kinematical range of x Bj > 0.03 and 1 2 2 . From these data, the spin-dependent structure functions g 1 were determined. This dissertation describes the experiment and its analysis and discusses the results. The measured integral of g 1 d over x from x = 0 to x = 1 is Γ 1 d = 0.046 ± 0.003 (stat)±0.004 (syst) at Q 2 = 3 GeV 2 and disagrees by more than three standard deviations with the prediction of the Ellis-Jaffe, sum rule. The data suggest that the quark contribution to the nucleon helicity is 0.35 ± 0.05. From the proton data of the same experiment, the integral over the proton spin-structure functional g 1 d was determined to be Γ 1 p = 0.127 ± 0.003(stat)±0.008(syst). By Combining the deuteron data with the proton data, the integral Γ 1 n was extracted as -0.027 ± 0.008 (stat)±0.010 (syst). The integral Γ 1 p - Γ 1 n is 0.154±0.010(stat) ±0.016 (syst) according to the E143 analysis. This result agrees with the important Bjorken sum rule of 0.171 ± 0.009 at Q 2 = 3 GeV 2 within less than one standard deviation. Furthermore, results of a separate analysis involving GLAP evolution equations are shown. Data were also collected for beam energies of 16.2 and 9.7 GeV, Results for g 1 at these energies are presented
Study of inclusive proton spectra from 20 MeV deuteron breakup by bismuth
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Badiger, N.M.; Hallur, B.R.; Madhusoodhanan, T.; Sathyavathiamma, M.P.; Puttaswamy, N.G.; Darshan, V.P.; Sharma, H.; Chintalapudi, S.N.
1997-01-01
The breakup of deuteron into proton and neutron has been studied earlier to understand the breakup mechanism. Inclusive measurements show the expected broad bumps near the beam velocity. In the present experiment, the breakup of 20 MeV deuterons by bismuth target has been investigated
QED corrections in deep-inelastic scattering from tensor polarized deuteron target
Gakh, G I
2001-01-01
The QED correction in the deep inelastic scattering from the polarized tensor of the deuteron target is considered. The calculations are based on the covariant parametrization of the deuteron quadrupole polarization tensor. The Drell-Yan representations in the electrodynamics are used for describing the radiation real and virtual particles
Bunyatova, E. I.; Bubnov, N. N.
1987-02-01
A deuteron polarized frozen spin target was developed. To reach higher deuteron content and maximum polarization, the chromium (V) complex with ligands on the basis of fully deuterated propanediol-1,2 was synthesized. The synthesis and the EPR investigation is described. The research has been performed at the Laboratory of Nuclear Problems, JINR.
Toroidal deuteron accelerator for Mo-98 neutron activation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Araujo, Wagner L., E-mail: wagner.leite@ifnmg.edu.br, E-mail: tprcampos@pq.cnpq.br [Instituto Federal do Norte de Minas Gerais (IFN-MG), Montes Claros, MG (Brazil); Campos, Tarcisio P.R. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Departamento de Engenharia Nuclear
2017-07-01
The radionuclide Tc-{sup 99m} is the most useful radioisotope in nuclear medicine. It can be produced by the Mo-99 beta minus decay. Mo-99 has often been produced in a high- flux nuclear reactor through radioactive neutron capture reactions on Mo-98. The present paper provides a preliminary design of a toroidal transmutation system (TTS) based on a toroidal compact deuteron accelerator, which can provide the Mo-98 transmutation into Mo-99. This system is essentially composed of a multi-aperture plasma electrode and a target, submitted to 180 kV, where a positive deuteron beam is accelerated toward a titanium-target loaded with deuterium in which nuclear d-d fusion reactions are induced. The Particle Studio package of the Computer Simulation Technology (CST) software was applied to design, simulate and optimize the deuteron beam on the target. MCNP code provided to neutronic analysis. Based on electromagnetic and neutronic simulations, the neutron yield and reaction rates were estimated. The simulated data allowed appraising the Mo-99 activity. A TTS, in a specific configuration, could produce a total deuterium current of 1.6 A at the target and a neutron yield of 10{sup 13} n.s{sup -1}. In a arrangement of 30 column samples, TTS provides 230 mCi s{sup -1} Mo{sup 99} in each column, which represents 80% of Tc-99m in secular equilibrium. As conclusion, the system holds potential for generating Mo-99 and Tc-99m in a suitable activity in secular equilibrium. (author)
Parity violation in radiative neutron capture on the deuteron
Song, Young-Ho; Lazauskas, Rimantas; Gudkov, Vladimir
2012-10-01
Parity-violating (PV) effects in neutron-deuteron radiative capture are studied using Desplanques, Donoghue, and Holstein (DDH) and effective field theory weak potentials. The values of PV effects are calculated using wave functions, obtained by solving three-body Faddeev equations in configuration space for realistic strong potentials. The relations between physical observables and low-energy constants are presented, and dependencies of the calculated PV effects on strong and weak potentials are discussed. The presented analysis shows the possible reason for the existing discrepancy in PV nuclear data analysis using the DDH approach and reveals a new opportunity to study short-range interactions in nuclei.
Energy Loss of Coasting Gold Ions and Deuterons in RHIC
Abreu, N P; Brown, K; Burkhardt, H; Butler, J; Fischer, W; Harvey, M; Tepikian, S
2008-01-01
The total energy loss of coasting gold ion beams at two different energies and deuterons at one energy were measured at RHIC, corresponding to a gamma of 75.2, 107.4 and 108.7 respectively. We describe the experiment and observations and compare the measured total energy loss with expectations from ionization losses at the residual gas, the energy loss due to impedance and synchrotron radiation. We find that the measured energy losses are below what is expected from free space synchrotron radiation. We believe that this shows evidence for suppression of synchrotron radiation which is cut off at long wavelength by the presence of the conducting beam pipe.
(Anti-)deuteron production and anisotropic flow measured with ALICE at the LHC
Lea, Ramona
2016-01-01
The high abundance of (anti-)deuterons in the statistics gathered in Run 1 of the LHC and the excellent performance of the ALICE setup allow for the simultaneous measurement of the elliptic flow and the deuteron production rates with a large transverse momentum ($p_{\\rm T}$) reach. The (anti-) deuterons are identified using the specific energy loss in the time projection chamber and the velocity information in the time-of-flight detector. The elliptic flow of (anti-)deuterons can provide insight into the production mechanisms of particles in heavy-ion collisions. Quark coalescence is one of the approaches to describe the elliptic flow of hadrons, while the production of light nuclei can be also depicted as a coalescence of nucleons. In these proceedings, the measured $v_{2}$ of deuterons produced in Pb--Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\mathrm{NN}}}$=2.76TeV will be compared to expectations from coalescence and hydrodynamic models.
Is there an interest to use deuteron beams to produce non-conventional radionuclides?
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ferid eHaddad
2015-05-01
Full Text Available With the recent interest on the theranostic approach, there has been a renewed interest for alternative radionuclides in nuclear medicine. They can be produced using common production routes i.e. using protons accelerated by biomedical cyclotrons or neutrons produced in research reactors. However, in some cases, it can be more valuable to use deuterons as projectiles. In the case of Cu-64, smaller quantities of the expensive target material, Ni-64, are used with deuterons as compared with protons for the same produced activity. For the Sc-44m/Sc-44g generator, deuterons afford a higher Sc-44m production yield than with protons. Finally, in the case of Re-186g, deuterons lead to a production yield five times higher than protons. These three examples show that it is of interest to consider not only protons or neutrons but also deuterons to produce alternative radionuclides.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ramazani-Moghaddam-Arani, A., E-mail: ramazani@kvi.nl [Faculty of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Mahjour-Shafiei, M. [Department of Physics, University of Tehran, Tehran 1439955961 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Amir-Ahmadi, H.R. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Bacher, A.D.; Bailey, C.D. [Center for Exploration of Energy and Matter, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN (United States); Biegun, A. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Eslami-Kalantari, M. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Yazd University, Yazd (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Gašparić, I. [Rudjer Bošković Institute, Zagreb (Croatia); Joulaeizadeh, L.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Kistryn, St. [Institute of Physics, Jagellonian University, Krakow (Poland); Kozela, A. [University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg (Canada); Mardanpour, H.; Messchendorp, J.G. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Micherdzinska, A.M. [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Krakow (Poland); Moeini, H.; Shende, S.V. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Stephan, E. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Katowice (Poland); Stephenson, E.J. [Center for Exploration of Energy and Matter, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN (United States); Sworst, R. [Institute of Physics, Jagellonian University, Krakow (Poland)
2013-10-01
We have studied spin observables in the three-body break-up reaction in deuteron–deuteron scattering in the phase-space regime that corresponds to the quasi-free deuteron–proton scattering process with the neutron as spectator. The data are compared to measurements of the elastic deuteron–proton scattering process and state-of-the-art Faddeev calculations. The results for iT{sub 11} and T{sub 22} for the quasi-free scattering data agree very well with previously published elastic-scattering data. A significant discrepancy is found for T{sub 20}, which could point to a break-down of the quasi-free assumption.
Kubes, P.; Paduch, M.; Sadowski, M. J.; Cikhardt, J.; Cikhardtova, B.; Klir, D.; Kravarik, J.; Munzar, V.; Rezac, K.; Zielinska, E.; Skladnik-Sadowska, E.; Szymaszek, A.; Tomaszewski, K.; Zaloga, D.
2018-01-01
This paper considers regions of a fast deuteron production in a correlation with an evolution of ordered structures inside a pinch column of a mega-ampere plasma focus discharge. Ion pinhole cameras equipped with plastic PM-355 track-detectors recorded fast deuterons escaping in the downstream and other directions (up to 60° to the z-axis). Time-integrated ion images made it possible to estimate sources of the deuteron acceleration at the known magnetic field and deuteron energy values. The images of the fast deuterons emitted in the solid angle ranging from 0° to 4° showed two forms: central spots and circular images. The spots of 1-2 cm in diameter were produced by deuterons from the central pinch regions. The circular-shaped images of a radius above 3 cm (or their parts) were formed by deuterons from the region surrounding the dense pinch column. The ion pinhole cameras placed at angles above 20° to the z-axis recorded the ion spots only, and the ring-images were missing. The central region of the deuteron acceleration could be associated mainly with plasmoids, and the circular images could be connected with ring-shaped regions of the radius corresponding to tops of the plasma lobules outside the dense pinch column. The deuteron tracks forming ring-shaped images of a smaller (0.5-1) cm radius could be produced by deflections of the fast deuterons, which were caused by a magnetic field inside the dense pinch column.
Deuteron flux production in a small high-voltage high-current diode with pulsed magnetic insulation
Shikanov, A. E.; Vovchenko, E. D.; Isaev, A. A.; Kozlovskii, K. I.; Shatokhin, V. L.
2017-06-01
The results of new studies on the production of accelerated deuteron fluxes in a small ion diode with pulsed magnetic insulation of electrons have been presented. A plasma anode of the diode has been formed under the action of a 1.06 μm laser radiation with a pulse duration of 10 ns, a pulse energy of up to 1 J, and a power density on the target of 5 × 1015 W m-2. An accelerating voltage of up to 300 kV has been created using an Arkad'ev-Marx pulsed voltage generator with a stored energy of 50 J and a repetition rate of 1 Hz. A magnetic field of higher than 0.6 T for insulating electrons has been formed by a current pulse of the first cascade of the generator in a spiral line before a conical cascade. Stable deuteron acceleration to 300 keV with a current of up to 1.5 kA and a pulse duration of 0.3 μs has been achieved.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Botha, A.H.; Cronje, P.M.; Du Toit, Z.B.; Nel, W.A.G.; Celliers, P.J.
1984-01-01
It was decided to accelerate both heavy and light ions with the open-sector cyclotron. The injector SPS1, was used for light ions and SPS2 for heavy ions. Provision was also made for the acceleration of polarized neutrons. To enable this, the injector must have an axial injection system. The working of a source of polarized ions and inflectors for an axial injection system is discussed. The limitations of the open-sector cyclotron on the acceleration of heavy ions are also dealt with. The following acceleration/ion source combinations are discussed: i) The open-sector cyclotron and a k=40 injector cyclotron with a Penning ion source, and a stripper between the injector and the open-sector cyclotron and also a source of polarized protons and deuterons; ii) The acceleration/ion source combination with the addition of electron beam ion sources; iii) The open-sector cyclotron and a k=11 injector cyclotron with a electron beam ion source and a source of polarized protons and deuterons
Coherent pi^{0} Photoproduction on the Deuteron
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Meekins, David G. [College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)
2004-11-01
The differential scattering cross section for the process gamma d → d pi^{0} was measured, as part of experiment E89-012 at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The experiment was performed in Hall C during the Spring of 1996 as the commissioning experiment for the Hall C cryogenic target. The High Momentum Spectrometer was used to detect the recoil deuteron and no effort was made to detect the pi^{0} or its decay photons. The differential cross section was measured at a number of incident photon energies between 0.8 GeV and 4.0 GeV for the center-of-mass angles of 90 degrees and 136 degrees. The data were found to disagree with both the constituent counting rule and reduced nuclear amplitude predictions. These are the first data at large deuteron center-of-mass angles for photon energies larger than 1.6 GeV.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fahad, Shah [Department of Physics, Hazara University Mansehra, KPK, Mansehra (Pakistan); Murtaza, G., E-mail: murtaza@icp.edu.pk [Materials Modeling Laboratory, Department of Physics, Islamia College University, Peshawar (Pakistan); Ouahrani, T. [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, B.P. 230, Université de Tlemcen, Tlemcen 13000 (Algeria); Ecole Préparatoire en Sciences et Techniques, BP 165 R.P., 13000 Tlemcen (Algeria); Khenata, R., E-mail: khenata_rabah@yahoo.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique et de Modélisation Mathématique, Université de Mascara, 29000 (Algeria); Yousaf, Masood [Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials, Institute for Basic Science, Department of Physics, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of); Omran, S.Bin [Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Mohammad, Saleh [Department of Physics, Hazara University Mansehra, KPK, Mansehra (Pakistan)
2015-10-15
A first principles density functional theory (DFT) technique is used to study the structural, chemical bonding, electronic and optical properties of BeAZ{sub 2} (A = Si, Ge, Sn; Z = P, As) chalcopyrite materials. The calculated parameters are in good agreement with the available experimental results. The lattice constants and the equilibrium volume increased as we moved from Si to Ge to Sn, whereas the c/a and internal parameters u decreased by shifting the cation from P to As. These compounds are elastically stable. An investigation of the band gap using the WC-GGA, EV-GGA, PBE-GGA and mBJ-metaGGA potentials suggested that BeSiP{sub 2} and BeSiAs{sub 2} are direct band gap compounds, whereas BeGeP{sub 2,} BeGeAs{sub 2,} BeSnP{sub 2,} BeSnAs{sub 2} are indirect band gap compounds. The energy band gaps decreased by changing B from Si to Sn and increased by changing the anion C from P to As. The bonding among the cations and anions is primarily ionic. In the optical properties, the real and imaginary parts of the dielectric functions, reflectivity and optical conductivity have been studied over a wide energy range. - Highlights: • The compounds are studied by FP-LAPW method within mBJ approximation. • All of the studied materials show isotropic behaviour. • All the compounds show direct band gap nature. • Bonding nature is mostly covalent among the studied compounds. • High absorption peaks and reflectivity ensures there utility in optoelectronic devices.
Dynamic Isovector Reorientation of Deuteron as a Probe to Nuclear Symmetry Energy.
Ou, Li; Xiao, Zhigang; Yi, Han; Wang, Ning; Liu, Min; Tian, Junlong
2015-11-20
We present the calculations on a novel reorientation effect of deuteron attributed to isovector interaction in the nuclear field of heavy target nuclei. The correlation angle determined by the relative momentum vector of the proton and the neutron originating from the breakup deuteron, which is experimentally detectable, exhibits significant dependence on the isovector nuclear potential but is robust against the variation of the isoscaler sector. In terms of sensitivity and cleanness, the breakup reactions induced by the polarized deuteron beam at about 100 MeV/u provide a more stringent constraint to the symmetry energy at subsaturation densities.
A single-beam deuteron compact accelerator for neutron generation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Araujo, Wagner Leite; Campos, Tarcisio Passos Ribeiro de
2011-01-01
Portable neutron generators are devices composed by small size accelerators that produce neutrons through fusion between hydrogen isotopes. These reactions are characterized by appreciable cross section at energies at the tens of keV, which enables device portability. The project baselines follow the same physical and engineering principles of any other particle accelerators. The generator consists of a gas reservoir, apparatus for ion production, few electrodes to accelerate and focus the ion beam, and a metal hydride target where fusion reactions occur. Neutron generator applications include geophysical measurements, indus- trial process control, environmental, research, nation's security and mechanical structure analysis.This article presents a design of a compact accelerator for d-d neutron generators, describing the physical theory applied to the deuteron extraction system, and simulating the ion beam transport in the accelerator. (author)
High Energy Measurement of the Deuteron Photodisintegration Differential Cross Section
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schulte, Elaine [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
2002-05-01
New measurements of the high energy deuteron photodisintegration differential cross section were made at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News, Virginia. Two experiments were performed. Experiment E96-003 was performed in experimental Hall C. The measurements were designed to extend the highest energy differential cross section values to 5.5 GeV incident photon energy at forward angles. This builds upon previous high energy measurements in which scaling consistent with the pQCD constituent counting rules was observed at 90 degrees and 70 degrees in the center of mass. From the new measurements, a threshold for the onset of constituent counting rule scaling seems present at transverse momentum approximately 1.3 GeV/c. The second experiment, E99-008, was performed in experimental Hall A. The measurements were designed to explore the angular distribution of the differential cross section at constant energy. The measurements were made symmetric about 90 degrees
Spin effects at fragmentation of polarized deuterons into cumulative pions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Afanasiev, S.; Arkhipov, V.; Bondarev, V.; Isupov, A.; Khrenov, A.; Kirillov, D.; Ladygin, V.; Litvinenko, A.; Malakhov, A.; Pilipenko, Yu.; Reznikov, S.; Rukoyatkin, P.; Zolin, L.; Daito, I.; Horikawa, N.; Wakai, A.; Doushita, N.; Fukui, S.; Iwata, T.; Kondo, K.
2002-01-01
Tensor analyzing power T 20 of the reaction d-vectorA→π(0 deg.)X was measured in the fragmentation of 9 GeV deuterons into points with the momenta from 3.5 to 5.3 GeV/c at hydrogen, beryllium and carbon targets. This momentum range corresponds to region of cumulative pion production The values of T 20 are found to be small and consistent with positive values in contradiction with the Impulse Approximation calculations based on assuming a direct mechanism of pion production (NN→NNπ). New data on tensor Ayy analyzing power for pion production at the non-zero angle (θ π =135,180mr) with pion transverse momenta up to P t =0.8 GeV/c are presented. Ayy increases with rise of P t in the cumulative region
Experimental physics with polarized protons, neutrons and deuterons
Lehar, František; Wilkin, Colin
2015-01-01
The monograph gives a comprehensive overview of the diverse aspects of the experimental study of polarization phenomena in nucleon-nucleon and nucleon-deuteron collisions. The special nature of this volume is that it is based on the original physics results and knowledge gained by one of the authors (F. Lehar), who was a respected researcher in the field for nearly fifty years. The results of these experiments provide valuable information on the spin dependence of the forces acting between nucleons in atomic nuclei, of which all matter is ultimately composed. The fundamental importance of the results means that the subject will remain topical for years to come. The book is designed for teachers and students of natural sciences, espe - cially those with interests in nuclear and particle physics, as well as for ex - perimental physicists who are investigating polarization phenomena using accelerators of charged particles. The writing of the book was initiated by F. Lehar who was the driving force beh...
Ionisation of L subshells of heavy atoms by deuteron collision
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sokhi, R.S.; Crumpton, D.; Trautmann, D.
1989-01-01
L i subshell ionisation cross sections for 1.2-3.0 MeV deuteron impact on thin targets of W, Au, Pb and Bi have been measured experimentally. Measurements were made with the Birmingham University's 3MV Dynamitron accelerator and the cross sections were deduced from the emitted L X-rays. These cross sections and their ratios have been compared graphically with the ECPSSR and RHSCA models. The ECPSSR model underestimates the measured L 2 subshell cross sections but shows very good agreement with the L 3 subshell values. The RHSCA theory in general exhibits good agreement with the measured cross sections for the L 1 and L 2 subshells but overestimates the L 3 cross sections by up to 60%. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bailey, Stephanie L. [College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)
2007-05-01
The goal of Experiment E04-115 (the G0 backward angle measurement) at Jefferson Lab is to investigate the contributions of strange quarks to the fundamental properties of the nucleon. The experiment measures parity-violating asymmetries in elastic electron scattering off hydrogen and quasielastic electron scattering off deuterium at backward angles at Q^{2} = 0.631 (GeV/c)^{2} and Q^{2} = 0.232 (GeV/c)^{2}. The backward angle measurement represents the second phase of the G0 experiment. The first phase, Experiment E00-006 (the G0 forward angle experiment), measured parity-violating asymmetries in elastic electron scattering off hydrogen at forward angles over a Q^{2} range of 0.1-1.0 (GeV/c)^{2}. The experiments used a polarized electron beam and unpolarized hydrogen and deuterium liquid targets. From these measurements, along with the electromagnetic form factors, one can extract the contribution of the strange quark to the proton's charge and magnetization distributions. This thesis represents a fi
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Boudrifa, O. [Laboratory for Developing New Materials and their Characterization, University of Setif 1, 19000 Setif (Algeria); Bouhemadou, A., E-mail: a_bouhemadou@yahoo.fr [Laboratory for Developing New Materials and their Characterization, University of Setif 1, 19000 Setif (Algeria); Guechi, N. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Setif 1, 19000 Setif (Algeria); Bin-Omran, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Humanitarian Studies, Salman Bin Abdalaziz University, Alkharj 11942 (Saudi Arabia); Al-Douri, Y. [Institute of Nano Electronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000 Kangar, Perlis (Malaysia); Khenata, R. [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique et de Modélisation Mathématique (LPQ3M), Département de Technologie, Université de Mascara, 29000 Mascara (Algeria)
2015-01-05
Highlights: • Some physical properties of the quaternary nitride Li{sub 4}Sr{sub 3}Ge{sub 2}N{sub 6} have been predicted. • Elastic parameters reveal that Li{sub 4}Sr{sub 3}Ge{sub 2}N{sub 6} is mechanically stable but anisotropi. • Li{sub 4}Sr{sub 3}Ge{sub 2}N{sub 6} is an indirect semiconductor. • The fundamental indirect band gap changes to direct one under pressure effect. • The optical properties exhibit noticeable anisotropy. - Abstract: Structural parameters, elastic constants, thermodynamic properties, electronic structure and optical properties of the monoclinic Li{sub 4}Sr{sub 3}Ge{sub 2}N{sub 6} quaternary nitride are investigated theoretically for the first time using the pseudopotential plane-wave based first-principles calculations. The calculated structural parameters are in excellent agreement with the experimental data. This serves as a proof of reliability of the used theoretical method and gives confidence in the predicted results on aforementioned properties of Li{sub 4}Sr{sub 3}Ge{sub 2}N{sub 6}. The predicted elastic constants C{sub ij} reveal that Li{sub 4}Sr{sub 3}Ge{sub 2}N{sub 6} is mechanically stable but anisotropic. The elastic anisotropy is further illustrated by the direction-dependent of the linear compressibility and Young’s modulus. Macroscopic elastic parameters, including the bulk and shear moduli, the Young’s modulus, the Poisson ratio, the velocities of elastic waves and the Debye temperature are numerically estimated. The pressure and temperature dependence of the unit cell volume, isothermal bulk modulus, volume expansion coefficient, specific heat and Debye temperature are investigated through the quasiharmonic Debye model. The band structure and the density of states of Li{sub 4}Sr{sub 3}Ge{sub 2}N{sub 6} are analyzed, which reveals the semiconducting character of Li{sub 4}Sr{sub 3}Ge{sub 2}N{sub 6}. The complex dielectric function, refractive index, extinction coefficient, absorption coefficient, reflectivity
Spin observables for pion photoproduction on the deuteron in the {delta}(1232)-resonance region
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Darwish, Eed M [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Sohag 82524 (Egypt)
2005-02-01
Spin observables for the three charge states of the pion for the pion photoproduction reaction on the deuteron, {gamma}d {yields} {pi}NN, with polarized photon beam and/or oriented deuteron target are predicted. For the beam-target double-spin asymmetries, it is found that only the longitudinal asymmetries T{sup l}{sub 20} and T{sup l}{sub 2{+-}}{sub 2} do not vanish, whereas all the circular and the other longitudinal asymmetries do vanish. The sensitivity of spin observables to the model deuteron wavefunction is investigated. It has been found that only T{sub 21} and T{sub 22} are sensitive to the model deuteron wavefunction, in particular in the case of {pi}{sup 0}-production above the {delta}-region, and that other asymmetries are not.
Proton and deuteron activation measurements at the NPI and future plans in SPIRAL2/NFS
Šimečková, Eva; Bém, Pavel; Mrázek, Jaromír; Štefánik, Milan; Běhal, Radomír; Gladolev, Vadim
2017-09-01
The proton- and deuteron-induced reactions are of a great interest for the assessment of induced radioactivity of accelerator components, target and beam stoppers as well as isotope production for medicine. In the present work, the deuteron-induced reaction cross sections on zinc were investigated by stacked-foil activation technique with deuteron beam of 20 MeV energy from the cyclotron U-120M of NPI CAS Řež. Also the proton activation cross section measurement of iron is presented. The comparison of present results to data of other authors and to predictions of evaluated data libraries is discussed. The investigation shall continue for higher proton and deuteron energy interval 20-35 MeV at SPIRAL2/NFS facility using a charged particle irradiation chamber with pneumatic transport system to measure isotopes and isomers with half-lives in minutes-regions.
Helicity dependence of the total inclusive cross section on the deuteron
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ahrens, J. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet Mainz, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Altieri, S. [INFN, Sezione di Pavia, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica, Universita di Pavia, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Annand, J.R.M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow (United Kingdom); Arends, H.-J.; Beck, R. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet Mainz, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Blackston, M.A. [Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 (United States); Braghieri, A. [INFN, Sezione di Pavia, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); D' Hose, N. [CEA Saclay, DSM/DAPNIA/SPhN, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Dutz, H. [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Bonn, D-53115 Bonn (Germany); Heid, E.; Jahn, O. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet Mainz, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Klein, F. [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Bonn, D-53115 Bonn (Germany); Kondratiev, R. [INR, Academy of Science, Moscow (Russian Federation); Lang, M. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet Mainz, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Lisin, V. [INR, Academy of Science, Moscow (Russian Federation); Martinez Fabregate, M. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet Mainz, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); McGeorge, J.C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow (United Kingdom); Meyer, W. [Inst. fuer Experimentalphysik, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44801 Bochum (Germany); Panzeri, A. [INFN, Sezione di Pavia, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica, Universita di Pavia, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Pedroni, P. [INFN, Sezione di Pavia, I-27100 Pavia (Italy)], E-mail: pedroni@pv.infn.it (and others)
2009-03-02
A measurement of the helicity dependence of the total inclusive photoabsorption cross section on the deuteron was carried out at MAMI (Mainz) in the energy range 200
Structures revealed in the neutron-proton mass spectrum in the deuteron break-up reaction
Siemiarczuk, T.; Stepaniak, J.; Zieliński, P.
1983-09-01
A sample of “non-spectator” events in the dp→(pn) p break-up reaction at 3.3 GeV/ c deuteron momentum is studied using films from 1 m hydrogen bubble chamber. The effective mass distribution of two nucleons from the deuteron break-up exhibits enhancements near the sum of neutron and proton masses and at Mpn = 2020 and 2130 MeV.
POMME: A medium energy deuteron polarimeter based on semi-inclusive d-carbon scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bonin, B.; Boudard, A.; Fanet, H.; Fergerson, R.W.; Garcon, M.; Giorgetti, C.; Habault, J.; Le Meur, J.; Lombard, R.M.; Lugol, J.C.; Mayer, B.; Mouly, J.P.; Tomasi-Gustafsson, E.; Morlet, M.; Wiele, J. van de; Willis, A.; Greeniaus, G.; British Columbia Univ., Vancouver; Gaillard, G.; Markowitz, P.; Perdrisat, C.F.; Abegg, R.; Hutcheon, D.A.
1990-01-01
POMME is the first calibrated deuteron polarimeter using a d + carbon semi-inclusive scattering reaction. We present the results of its calibration in the region T d =150-700 MeV, with the polarized deuteron beam from the synchrotron Saturne. A parametrization of the measured analyzing powers, and a discussion of the obtained efficiency and figure of merit are also given. (orig.)
Semi-Inclusive Single Pion Electroproduction From Deuteron and Proton Targets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kalantarians, Narbe [Univ. of Houston, TX (United States)
2008-08-01
Semi-inclusive electroproduction of all three pion flavors (π^{+}, π^{-},π^{0}) from both deuteron and proton targets is measured for Q^2 > 1.1 GeV^{2}, 0.12 < x < 0.48, 0.3 < z < 0.7. and M_{x} > 1.4 GeV. We study the P_{T}, Z, and Φ_{h} dependences for the ratio of yields d(e,e',π)X/p(e,e'π)X. From these ratios it is possible to study the d/u valence quark distributions for the neutron and proton as well as the ratio of (current) fragmentation functions D^{-}/D^{+}. The data presented is from Jefferson Lab experiment PR94-102, using an electron beam with energy 5.769 GeV with beam current of 7nA. The results agree with previous data as well as provide an extended kinematic coverage.
Zhao, Xin
2013-05-01
Elastic rods have been studied intensively since the 18th century. Even now the theory of elastic rods is still developing and enjoying popularity in computer graphics and physical-based simulation. Elastic rods also draw attention from architects. Architectural structures, NODUS, were constructed by elastic rods as a new method of form-finding. We study discrete models of elastic rods and NODUS structures. We also develop computational tools to find the equilibria of elastic rods and the shape of NODUS. Applications of elastic rods in forming torus knot and closing Bishop frame are included in this thesis.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tanabe, Y.; Kakutani, N.; Ota, T.; Yamaguchi, A.; Takeda, O.; Wachi, Y.; Yamazaki, C.; Morii, Y.
1997-01-01
The advantages of superconducting (SC) cavity have been verified for many electron accelerators and the application of SC cavity to high intensity CW ion linacs is currently being considered. These linacs have been required for neutron irradiation tests of materials, transmutation of nuclear waste and so on. An SC linac consisting of SC cavities, SC quadrupole magnets and cryostats, was preliminarily designed to investigate the feasibility of applying to deuteron machine. Beam dynamics analysis was also carried out by using a modified PARMILA code in order to confirm no beam loss. Since radiation damage of superconductors is especially severe for such a machine, data relating to the damage were surveyed and discussed. Moreover, other major facilities such as cryogenic system, radio frequency amplifier and RF control system were considered. Many problems to be solved were defined but no critical issues were found. In consequence, it became clear that SC linac is very attractive and competitive with a room-temperature linac. (orig.)
Nonlocal nucleon-nucleus interactions in (d ,p ) reactions: Role of the deuteron D state
Bailey, G. W.; Timofeyuk, N. K.; Tostevin, J. A.
2017-02-01
Theoretical models of the (d ,p ) reaction are exploited for both nuclear astrophysics and spectroscopic studies in nuclear physics. Usually, these reaction models use local optical model potentials to describe the nucleon- and deuteron-target interactions. Within such a framework, the importance of the deuteron D state in low-energy reactions is normally associated with spin observables and tensor polarization effects, with very minimal influence on differential cross sections. In contrast, recent work that includes the inherent nonlocality of the nucleon optical model potentials in the Johnson-Tandy adiabatic-model description of the (d ,p ) transition amplitude, which accounts for deuteron break-up effects, shows sensitivity of the reaction to the large n -p relative momentum content of the deuteron wave function. The dominance of the deuteron D -state component at such high momenta leads to significant sensitivity of calculated (d ,p ) cross sections and deduced spectroscopic factors to the choice of deuteron wave function [Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 162502 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.162502]. We present details of the Johnson-Tandy adiabatic model of the (d ,p ) transfer reaction generalized to include the deuteron D state in the presence of nonlocal nucleon-target interactions. We present exact calculations in this model and compare these to approximate (leading-order) solutions. The latter, approximate solutions can be interpreted in terms of local optical potentials, but evaluated at a shifted value of the energy in the nucleon-target system. This energy shift is increased when including the D -state contribution. We also study the expected dependence of the D -state effects on the separation energy and orbital angular momentum of the transferred nucleon. Their influence on the spectroscopic information extracted from (d ,p ) reactions is quantified for a particular case of astrophysical significance.
Deuteron Coulomb Excitation in Peripheral Collisions with a Heavy Ion
Du, Weijie; Yin, Peng; Li, Yang; Chen, Guangyao; Zuo, Wei; Zhao, Xingbo; Vary, James P.
2017-09-01
We develop an ab initio time-dependent Basis Function (tBF) method to solve non-perturbative and time-dependent problems in non-relativistic quantum mechanics. As a test problem, we apply this method to the Coulomb excitation of a deuteron by an impinging heavy ion. We employ wave functions for the bound and excited states of the deuterium system based on a realistic nucleon-nucleon interaction and study the evolution of the transition probability, the r.m.s. radius and the r.m.s. momentum of the system during the scattering process. The dependencies of these quantities on the external field strength and the bombarding energy are also analyzed and compared to corresponding results obtained from first-order perturbation theory. The time evolution of both the charge and the momentum distributions is shown. This work was supported in part by the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Grants No. DESC0008485 (SciDAC/NUCLEI) and DE-FG02-87ER40371. W. Zuo and P. Yin are supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11435014).
Muon induced deuteron disintegration in three-dimensions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Topolnicki Kacper
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We present a three-dimensional (3D description of muon induced deuteron disintegration. This reaction is treated as the decay of the muonic atom with the muon initially on the lowest K shell. Our aim is to calculate the total and differential decay rates. We work in momentum space and use 3D momentum eigenstates directly. This approach allowed us to calculate the appropriate nuclear matrix elements, necessary building blocks for the differential decay rate, in a single step. For contrast - in classical calculations many partial-waves have to be taken into account. We achieved a very good agreement between the 3D and partial-wave methods for calculations that involve single-nucleon currents. Our result for the total decay rate is also in agreement with experimental values, though these are not very precise. This success motivates us to also include two-nucleon current contributions that include the meson exchange currents. Additionally, our formalism can also be applied to other, so far poorly described, processes like: μ +3 He→ ν + n + d or μ +3 He → ν + n + n + p.
Coulomb nuclear interference with deuterons in even palladium isotopes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rodrigues, M.R.D.; Rodrigues, C.L.; Borello-Lewin, T.; Horodynski-Matsushigue, L.B.; Duarte, J. L.M. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil); Ukita, G.M. [Universidade de Santo Amaro, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Psicologia
2004-09-15
Angular distributions for the inelastic scattering of 13.0 MeV deuterons on {sup 104,106,108,110}Pd were measured with the Sao Paulo Pelletron-Enge-Spectrograph facility in the range of 12{sup 0} {<=}{theta}{sub lab} {<=}64{sup 0}. A Coulomb-Nuclear Interference analysis, employing the Distorted Wave Born Approximation with the Deformed Optical Model as transition potential, under well established global optical parameters, was applied to the first quadrupolar excitations. The values of C = {delta}{sub LC}/{delta}{sub LN}, the ratio of charge to isoscalar deformation lengths, and of ({delta}{sub LN}){sup 2} were extracted through the comparison of experimental and predicted cross section angular distributions. The ratios of reduced charge to isoscalar transition probabilities, B(EL) to B(ISL) respectively, are related to the square of the parameter C and were thus obtained with the advantage of scale uncertainties cancellation. For {sup 104}Pd, and preliminary for {sup 108}Pd, the respective values of C = 1.18(3) and C = 1.13(4) reveal an enhanced contribution of the protons relative to the neutrons to the excitation, while a smaller effect is found for {sup 106}Pd, C = 1.06(3) and for {sup 110}Pd, C 1.07(3), in comparison with the value C 1.00 expected for homogenous collective excitations. (author)
Coulomb nuclear interference with deuterons in even palladium isotopes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rodrigues, M.R.D.; Rodrigues, C.L.; Borello-Lewin, T.; Horodynski-Matsushigue, L.B.; Duarte, J. L.M.; Ukita, G.M.
2004-01-01
Angular distributions for the inelastic scattering of 13.0 MeV deuterons on 104,106,108,110 Pd were measured with the Sao Paulo Pelletron-Enge-Spectrograph facility in the range of 12 0 ≤θ lab ≤64 0 . A Coulomb-Nuclear Interference analysis, employing the Distorted Wave Born Approximation with the Deformed Optical Model as transition potential, under well established global optical parameters, was applied to the first quadrupolar excitations. The values of C = δ LC /δ LN , the ratio of charge to isoscalar deformation lengths, and of (δ LN ) 2 were extracted through the comparison of experimental and predicted cross section angular distributions. The ratios of reduced charge to isoscalar transition probabilities, B(EL) to B(ISL) respectively, are related to the square of the parameter C and were thus obtained with the advantage of scale uncertainties cancellation. For 104 Pd, and preliminary for 108 Pd, the respective values of C = 1.18(3) and C = 1.13(4) reveal an enhanced contribution of the protons relative to the neutrons to the excitation, while a smaller effect is found for 106 Pd, C = 1.06(3) and for 110 Pd, C 1.07(3), in comparison with the value C 1.00 expected for homogenous collective excitations. (author)
Tissue elasticity and the ageing elastic fibre
Sherratt, Michael J.
2009-01-01
The ability of elastic tissues to deform under physiological forces and to subsequently release stored energy to drive passive recoil is vital to the function of many dynamic tissues. Within vertebrates, elastic fibres allow arteries and lungs to expand and contract, thus controlling variations in blood pressure and returning the pulmonary system to a resting state. Elastic fibres are composite structures composed of a cross-linked elastin core and an outer layer of fibrillin microfibrils. Th...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li, X. Z.; Wei, Q. M.; Liu, B.; Zhu, X. G.; Ren, S. L.
2007-01-01
Pursuing nuclear energy with no nuclear contamination has been a long endeavor since the first fission reactor in 1942. Four major concepts have been the key issues: i.e. resonance, negative feed back, self-sustaining, nuclear radiation. When nuclear energy was just discovered in laboratory, the key issue was to enlarge it from the micro-scale to the macro-scale. Slowing-down the neutrons was the key issue to enhance the fission cross-section in order to build-up the neutron flux through the chain-reactions using resonance between neutron and fissile materials. Once the chain-reaction was realized, the negative feed-back was the key issue to keep the neutron flux at the allowable level. The negative reaction coefficient was introduced by the thermal expansion, and the resonant absorption in cadmium or boron was used to have a self-sustaining fission reactor with neutron flux. Then the strong neutron flux became the origin of all nuclear contamination, and a heavy shielding limits the application of the nuclear energy. The fusion approach to nuclear energy was much longer; nevertheless, it evolved with the similar issues. The resonance between deuteron and triton was resorted to enlarge the fusion cross section in order to keep a self-sustaining hot plasma. However, the 14 MeV neutron emission became the origin of all nuclear contamination again. Deuteron plus helium-3 fusion reaction was proposed to avoid neutron emission although there are two more difficulties: the helium-3 is supposed to be carried back from the moon; and much more higher temperature plasma has to be confined while 50 years needed to realized the deuteron-triton plasma already. Even if deuteron plus helium-3 fusion plasma might be realized in a much higher temperature plasma, we still have the neutron emission from the deuteron-deuteron fusion reaction in the deuteron plus helium-3 fusion plasma. Polarized deuteron-deuteron fusion reaction was proposed early in 1980's to select the neutron
Tissue elasticity and the ageing elastic fibre.
Sherratt, Michael J
2009-12-01
The ability of elastic tissues to deform under physiological forces and to subsequently release stored energy to drive passive recoil is vital to the function of many dynamic tissues. Within vertebrates, elastic fibres allow arteries and lungs to expand and contract, thus controlling variations in blood pressure and returning the pulmonary system to a resting state. Elastic fibres are composite structures composed of a cross-linked elastin core and an outer layer of fibrillin microfibrils. These two components perform distinct roles; elastin stores energy and drives passive recoil, whilst fibrillin microfibrils direct elastogenesis, mediate cell signalling, maintain tissue homeostasis via TGFβ sequestration and potentially act to reinforce the elastic fibre. In many tissues reduced elasticity, as a result of compromised elastic fibre function, becomes increasingly prevalent with age and contributes significantly to the burden of human morbidity and mortality. This review considers how the unique molecular structure, tissue distribution and longevity of elastic fibres pre-disposes these abundant extracellular matrix structures to the accumulation of damage in ageing dermal, pulmonary and vascular tissues. As compromised elasticity is a common feature of ageing dynamic tissues, the development of strategies to prevent, limit or reverse this loss of function will play a key role in reducing age-related morbidity and mortality.
Study of the Two-pion Photoproduction on the Deuteron
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Graham, Lewis P. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)
2012-12-01
Understanding the structure of baryons in terms of the fundamental interaction of the constituent quarks and gluons is one of the primary challenges in strong interaction physics. This interaction is governed by Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), which is a theory for understanding the dynamics of strong. QCD displays the asymptotic freedom of hadrons at very short distances and also the confinement of quarks and gluons inside hadrons. However, solutions of this QCD theory in the non-perturbative domain of the interaction are extremely difficult to achieve, mainly because confinement happens on the hadronic scale on which the coupling constant is large and prevents any perturbative approach. Thus leaving us with strategies such as lattice QCD or formulating QCD sum rules to get around this problem. In exclusive hadron production the yN interaction is recognized for being a powerful method for investigating hadrons and the mysteries that still exist within the strong interaction. From reactions with the nucleon, the strong interaction can be investigated through the transition amplitudes to the N and Delta resonances. More specifically, if an electromagnetic interaction is well known then the intermediate resonance states may be evaluated through meson photoproduction. To gain more detailed insight into this interaction, we look to probe the baryon structure of the nucleon and the photo-excited resonance decays through photon scattering off a deuteron producing two pions in the final state. This photoproduction process off the deuteron will be used to investigate known baryon resonances in the two pion channel. The two pion final state will be investigated for unraveling new information into the photo-coupling strengths. We want to explore final state interactions, search for properties of known resonances, and to explore the possibility of seeing missing states that are predicted by quark models but have not yet been found experimentally. Using the CEBAF Large
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ghebouli, B.; Ghebouli, M.A.; Fatmi, M.; Chihi, T.; Boucetta, S.
2010-01-01
Research highlights: → The range of compositions for which the alloy is lattice matched to AlP is determined. → We study the variation of elastic constants, the optical phonon frequencies (ω TO and ω LO ), the high-frequency dielectric coefficient ε(∞) and the dynamic effective charge Z * with P concentration. - Abstract: Information on the energy band gaps, the lattice parameters and the lattice matching to available substrates is a prerequisite for many practical applications. A pseudopotential plane-wave method as implemented in the ABINIT code is used to the As x P y N 1-x-y Al quaternary alloys lattice matched to AlP substrate to predict their energy band gaps and optical properties. The range of compositions for which the alloy is lattice-matched to AlP is determined. Very good agreement is obtained between the calculated values and the available experimental data. The Debye temperature increase when the bulk modulus is enhanced. We study the variation of elastic constants, the optical phonon frequencies (ω TO and ω LO ), the static and high-frequency dielectric coefficient ε(0) and ε(∞) and the dynamic effective charge Z * with P concentration (y).
He, Li-Zhi; Zhu, Jun; Zhang, Lin
2018-02-01
Phase transition of TiCr2 in C15 (MgCu2), C36 (MgNi2), C14 (MgZn2) structures have been studied by using the projector augmented wave method. It is found that C15-type is the most stable structure, which agrees with the results of Chen et al. At 0 K, the phase boundary of C15 to C36 is 207.79 GPa, and the phase transition from C36 to C14 is 265.61 GPa. Both the transition pressures decrease with increasing temperature. Phonon dispersion and elastic constants are calculated and found that C15-type TiCr2 is mechanically stable according to the elastic stability criteria and phonon dispersion analysis. Moreover, the pressure and temperature dependence of the specific heat, Debye temperature and thermal expansion coefficient are discussed, among them our calculated Debye temperature is consistent with the report of A. sari et al., however, it is far from the results of B. Mayer et al. and Chen et al.
Photoproduction of ηπ pairs off nucleons and deuterons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kaeser, A.; Mueller, F.; Dieterle, M.; Garni, S.; Jaegle, I.; Keshelashvili, I.; Krusche, B.; Maghrbi, Y.; Oberle, M.; Pheron, F.; Rostomyan, T.; Strub, T.; Walford, N.K.; Witthauer, L. [University of Basel, Department of Physics, Basel (Switzerland); Ahrens, J.; Arends, H.J.; Bartolome, P.A.; Ostrick, M.; Otte, P.; Thomas, A. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Annand, J.R.M.; Hamilton, D.; Howdle, D.; Livingston, K.; MacGregor, I.J.D.; Mancell, J.; McGeorge, J.C.; McNicoll, E.; Robinson, J. [University of Glasgow, SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Bantawa, K.; Manley, D.M. [Kent State University, Kent, OH (United States); Beck, R.; Nikolaev, A.; Schumann, S.; Unverzagt, M. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); University Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Braghieri, A.; Costanza, S.; Mushkarenkov, A.; Pedroni, P. [INFN Sezione di Pavia, Pavia (Italy); Briscoe, W.J.; Marinides, Z. [The George Washington University, Center for Nuclear Studies, Washington (United States); Cherepnya, S.; Fil' kov, L.V. [Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Downie, E.J. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); University of Glasgow, SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); The George Washington University, Center for Nuclear Studies, Washington (United States); Drexler, P.; Metag, V.; Novotny, R.; Thiel, M. [University of Giessen, II. Physikalisches Institut, Giessen (Germany); Fix, A. [Tomsk Polytechnic University, Laboratory of Mathematical Physics, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Glazier, D.I. [University of Glasgow, SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); University of Edinburgh, SUPA School of Physics, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Hornidge, D.; Middleton, D.G. [Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick (Canada); Huber, G.M. [University of Regina, Regina (Canada); Jude, T.C.; Sikora, M.H.; Watts, D.P. [University of Edinburgh, SUPA School of Physics, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Kashevarov, V.L. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kondratiev, R.; Lisin, V.; Polonski, A. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation); Korolija, M.; Mekterovic, D.; Micanovic, S.; Supek, I. [Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia); Oussena, B. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); The George Washington University, Center for Nuclear Studies, Washington (United States); Prakhov, S.; Starostin, A. [University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Sober, D. [The Catholic University of America, Washington (United States); Werthmueller, D. [University of Basel, Department of Physics, Basel (Switzerland); University of Glasgow, SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Collaboration: The A2 Collaboration
2016-09-15
Quasi-free photoproduction of πη-pairs has been investigated from threshold up to incident photon energies of 1.4 GeV, respectively up to photon-nucleon invariant masses up to 1.9 GeV. Total cross sections, angular distributions, invariant-mass distributions of the πη and meson-nucleon pairs, and beam-helicity asymmetries have been measured for the reactions γp → pπ{sup 0}η, γn → nπ{sup 0}η, γp → nπ{sup +}η, and γn → pπ{sup -}η from nucleons bound inside the deuteron. For the γp initial-state data for free protons have also been analyzed. Finally, the total cross sections for quasi-free production of π{sup 0}η pairs from nucleons bound in {sup 3} He nuclei have been investigated in view of final state interaction (FSI) effects. The experiments were performed at the tagged photon beam facility of the Mainz MAMI accelerator using an almost 4π covering electromagnetic calorimeter composed of the Crystal Ball and TAPS detectors. The shapes of all differential cross section data and the asymmetries are very similar for protons and neutrons and agree with the conjecture that the reactions are dominated by the sequential Δ*3/2{sup -} → ηΔ(1232) → πηN decay chain, mainly with Δ(1700)3/2{sup -} and Δ(1940)3/2{sup -}. The ratios of the magnitude of the total cross sections also agree with this assumption. However, the absolute magnitudes of the cross sections are reduced by FSI effects with respect to free proton data. (orig.)
Mehrangiz, M.; Ghasemizad, A.
2017-06-01
Deuteron fast ignition of a conically guided pre-compressed DT fuel is investigated. For this purpose, the acceleration of the deuterated thin foil by the intense laser beam is evaluated. The acceleration values and the number of foil-generated deuterons are calculated in terms of the laser pulse duration. Using the created deuterons as the fast ignitors, we investigate the fast ignition scheme by comparing fully degenerate, partial degenerate and classical types of DT plasma. The total energy gain of deuterons "beam fusion" is calculated to show the efficiency of beam reactions in increasing fusion rate. Besides, the stopping time and stopping range of incident deuterons are evaluated. Our numerical results indicate that degeneracy increases the beam-target collisions. Thus, it prepares the ignition situation sooner than the classical plasma. Moreover, the number of generated deuterons and their acceleration depend on the foil thickness and laser parameters. We show that when a 4ps laser with intensity of 10^{19} W/cm^2 focused onto a 20μm foil, 35× 10^{15} deuterons are generated. Moreover, under our analysis, in order to have a practicable fast ignition, 18% of the laser energy is necessary to convert into a deuteron driver.
The activation of W and Zr by deuterons at energies up to 20 MeV
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Šimečková Eva
2017-01-01
Full Text Available The proton and deuteron induced reactions are of a great interest for the assessment of induced radioactivity of accelerator components, target and beam stoppers. In order to investigate the important nuclides, we have carried up the irradiation experiments with the variable-energy cyclotron U-120 M of the NPI CAS Řež. The production cross sections of the nuclides 179,181,182m,182,183,184m,184,186Re and 187W from reaction on natural W were investigated by deuteron beams of 20 MeV energy. A part of preliminary results of deuteron activation of natural Zr is also shown. The stacked-foil technique was utilized. The comparison of present results to data of other authors and to predictions of evaluated data libraries is discussed.
1H(d,2p)n reaction at 2 GeV deuteron energy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Erohuml, J.; Fodor, Z.; Koncz, P.; Seres, Z.; Perdrisat, C.F.; Punjabi, V.; Boudard, A.; Bonin, B.; Garcon, M.; Lombard, R.; Mayer, B.; Terrien, Y.; Tomasi, E.; Boivin, M.; Yonnet, J.; Bhang, H.C.; Youn, M.; Belostotsky, S.L.; Grebenuk, O.G.; Nikulin, V.N.; Kudin, L.G.
1994-01-01
The 1 H(d,2p)n deuteron breakup reaction was measured at 2 GeV deuteron energy in a kinematically complete experiment. Fivefold differential cross sections are given in a wide range of kinematical variables and analyzed in terms of impulse approximation and NN rescattering. The deuteron momentum density was determined and deviations were found depending on the value of the four-momentum transfer |t| in the scattering process. At low |t| the momentum densities are in good agreement with the impulse approximation whereas large discrepancies were found above q∼200 MeV/c when the four-momentum transfer was large. Various possible origins of the anomalous behavior at high q values are discussed
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Blideanu, Valentin [Commissariat a l' energie atomique CEA/IRFU, Centre de Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette cedex (France); Garcia, Mauricio [Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, UNED, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fusion Nuclear, UPM, Madrid (Spain); Joyer, Philippe, E-mail: philippe.joyer@cea.fr [Commissariat a l' energie atomique CEA/IRFU, Centre de Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette cedex (France); Lopez, Daniel; Mayoral, Alicia; Ogando, Francisco [Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, UNED, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fusion Nuclear, UPM, Madrid (Spain); Ortiz, Felix [Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, UNED, Madrid (Spain); Sanz, Javier; Sauvan, Patrick [Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, UNED, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fusion Nuclear, UPM, Madrid (Spain)
2011-10-01
In the frame of IFMIF/EVEDA activities, a prototype accelerator delivering a high power deuteron beam is under construction in Japan. Interaction of these deuterons with matter will generate high levels of neutrons and induced activation, whose predicted yields depend strongly on the models used to calculate the different cross sections. A benchmark test was performed to validate these data for deuteron energies up to 20 MeV and to define a reasonable methodology for calculating the cross sections needed for EVEDA. Calculations were performed using the nuclear models included in MCNPX and PHITS, and the dedicated nuclear model code TALYS. Although the results obtained using TALYS (global parameters) or Monte Carlo codes disagree with experimental values, a solution is proposed to compute cross sections that are a good fit to experimental data. A consistent computational procedure is also suggested to improve both transport simulations/prompt dose and activation/residual dose calculations required for EVEDA.
NMR determination of the order parameter in proton and deuteron glasses
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blinc, R.; Dolinsek, J.; Zalar, B.
1989-01-01
The inhomogeneous broadening of the ND + deuteron, O-D--O deuteron and 87 Rb quadrapole perturbed NMR spectra in Rb 0.56 (ND 4 ) 0.44 D 2 PO 4 is used for a direct determination of the Edwards-Anderson pseudo-spin glass order parameter. The data provide strong support for a model where the basic difference between magnetic spin glasses and proton or deuteron glasses is the presence of an inherent random field resulting from substitutional disorder which linearly couples to the O-D--O pseudo spins. In these systems we do not deal with a transition from a paraelectric to a pseudo-spin glass phase but rather with a transition from an ergodic pseudo-spin glass phase with a single order parameter q to a non-ergodic pseudo-spin glass phase with an infinite number of order parameters. (author). 11 refs.; 6 figs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blideanu, Valentin; Garcia, Mauricio; Joyer, Philippe; Lopez, Daniel; Mayoral, Alicia; Ogando, Francisco; Ortiz, Felix; Sanz, Javier; Sauvan, Patrick
2011-01-01
In the frame of IFMIF/EVEDA activities, a prototype accelerator delivering a high power deuteron beam is under construction in Japan. Interaction of these deuterons with matter will generate high levels of neutrons and induced activation, whose predicted yields depend strongly on the models used to calculate the different cross sections. A benchmark test was performed to validate these data for deuteron energies up to 20 MeV and to define a reasonable methodology for calculating the cross sections needed for EVEDA. Calculations were performed using the nuclear models included in MCNPX and PHITS, and the dedicated nuclear model code TALYS. Although the results obtained using TALYS (global parameters) or Monte Carlo codes disagree with experimental values, a solution is proposed to compute cross sections that are a good fit to experimental data. A consistent computational procedure is also suggested to improve both transport simulations/prompt dose and activation/residual dose calculations required for EVEDA.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Mads Fogtmann; Fagertun, Jens; Larsen, Rasmus
2011-01-01
This paper presents a fusion of the active appearance model (AAM) and the Riemannian elasticity framework which yields a non-linear shape model and a linear texture model – the active elastic appearance model (EAM). The non-linear elasticity shape model is more flexible than the usual linear subs...
Elastic and inelastic neutron cross-sections
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wilmore, D.
1967-01-01
Computer programmes have been developed for the calculation of elastic and inelastic scattering of particles from nuclei. These programmes are written in the S2 dialect of FORTRAN, and run on an IBM-7030 computer. One programme calculates the shape elastic cross-section, the total cross-section and the absorption cross-section according to the optical model. The time taken in performing an optical calculation depends mainly upon the efficiency of the method used to perform the integration of the radial Schroedinger equation. A method is used which takes advantage of the absence of the first derivative term, and this gives a great improvement over more general methods. A least-squares fitting procedure is used which enables any number of parameters to be varied. The number of optical model calculations which are needed for a least-squares fit is less than with usual methods. Another programme will calculate compound nucleus reactions according to the Hauser-Feshbach theory, with or without the fluctuation correction. This programme will accept target and projectiles of any spin and parity, so that deuteron and alpha channels, as well as nucleon channels, may be taken into account. A third programme enables least-squares fits of elastic scattering to be done by taking into account the compound elastic contribution as calculated by the Hauser-Feshbach theory. The use of these programmes is illustrated by the analysis of the inelastic scattering of neutrons from 238 U. The elastic scattering cross-sections were used to obtain optical potentials by a least-squares fitting method. These potentials were subsequently used to predict the inelastic cross-sections to a large number of excited states. The results using the fluctuation correction are in good agreement with experiment. A further example of their use is shown in the analysis of neutron and proton scattering from light nuclei. Proton cross-sections were analysed to obtain potentials which were then used to
Baniecki, John; Yamazaki, Takashi; Aso, Hiroyuki; Imanaka, Yoshihiko; Ricinschi, Dan
The alkaline earth stannates ASnO3 (A = Ba, Sr, and Ca) are emerging as important materials. Band gaps in stannates are remarkably dependent on volumetric strain with a decrease in volumetric strain of 3 percent in SrSnO3 resulting in an increase in the band gap of 0.35 eV. However, little understanding of volumetric strain dependence on the valence band (VB) electronic structure and band alignments between stannates and other oxides exits. In this talk we will examine the effect of elastic strain on the band gaps, band alignment, and electronic structure of stannate films and heterostructures through in situ photoemission, spectroscopic ellipsometry, scanning transmission electron microscopy with geometric phase analysis, and density functional theory. CaSnO3 (CSO), SrSnO3 (SSO) and La-doped BaSnO3 (BLSO) thin films were grown by pulsed laser epitaxy with strain control via epitaxial buffer layers. While the VB electronic structure is strain dependent VB offsets do not vary significantly with strain, which resulted in ascribing most of the difference in band alignment to the conduction band (CB) edge. Significantly, strain-induced tuning of CB offset differences are as large as 0.6 eV for SSO and may provide a pathway to enhance stannate-based devices.
Production of deuterons and antideuterons in proton-proton collisions at the CERN ISR
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gibson, W.M.; Duane, A.; Newman, H.; Ogren, H.; Henning, S.; Jarlskog, G.; Little, R.; Sanford, T.; Wu, S.L.; Boggild, H.; Duff, B.G.; Guettler, K.; Prentice, M.N.; Sharrock, S.J.
1978-01-01
The inclusive production of deuterons and antideuterons at 90sup(deg) in the c.m.s. has been measured at the CERN ISR. The measurements for antideuterons extend over 0.15< psub(T)<0.75 GeV/c and for deuterons from 0.25 - 0.75 GeV/c for √s= 45 and 53 GeV. In the overlapping psub(T) region average ratio d/average d = 4.1+-1.2 at both energies. The invariant cross-section for average d shows a psub(T) and energy dependence similar to those observed for average p
Production of longer lived radionuclides in deuteron induced reactions on niobium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tarkanyi, F.; Hermanne, A.; Ditroi, F.; Takacs, S.; Kiraly, B.; Baba, M.; Ohtsuki, T.; Kovalev, S.F.; Ignatyuk, A.V.
2007-01-01
Production of residual radionuclides in deuteron induced reactions is important for medical radioisotope production, accelerator technology and activation analysis. In the frame of a systematic study of deuteron induced reactions on different metals we present here the integral excitation functions of 93 Nb(d, x) 93m Mo, 92m,91m,90 Nb, 89,88 Zr and 90m Y up to 40 MeV, all measured for the first time. Results obtained with the nuclear model code ALICE-IPPE are compared to the experimental data and show an acceptable agreement
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Li, H.Y. [College of Physics and Electronic Information, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, P.R. (China); Liu, J.S. [State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, P.R. (China)
2010-06-15
The simulations of three-dimensional particle dynamics are carried out to investigate the Coulomb explosion dynamics of deuterated methane clusters under the irradiation of an ultrashort intense laser pulse. The final kinetic energy of deuterons produced from the cluster explosion is calculated as a function of the pulse width, the laser intensity and the pulse chirp. It is found that the deuteron energy obtained in an intense laser pulse with negative chirp is higher than that with positive chirp, which agrees qualitatively with the experimental results reported by Fukuda et al. [Y. Fukuda et al., Phys. Rev. A 67, 061201 (2003)]. (authors)
Li, H. Y.; Liu, J. S.
2010-06-01
The simulations of three-dimensional particle dynamics are carried out to investigate the Coulomb explosion dynamics of deuterated methane clusters under the irradiation of an ultrashort intense laser pulse. The final kinetic energy of deuterons produced from the cluster explosion is calculated as a function of the pulse width, the laser intensity and the pulse chirp. It is found that the deuteron energy obtained in an intense laser pulse with negative chirp is higher than that with positive chirp, which agrees qualitatively with the experimental results reported by Fukuda et al. [Y. Fukuda et al., Phys. Rev. A 67, 061201 (2003)].
High-automated system of film data mathematical processing for polarized deuteron experiments
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Balgansuren, Ya.; Buzdavina, N.A.; Glagolev, V.V.
1986-01-01
A specialized software system which allowed to reduce essentially the time of experimental data analysis has been developed in order to provide timely processing of film information in polarized deuteron experiments. With its help preliminary data on deuteron polarization has been obtained in a few months after experiment start up, and the total data processing (15 thousand events) has been carried out in less than in a year from the chamber irradiation time. High rate of data processing has been achieved due to complex automation of all stages of processing
Measurement of (anti)deuteron and (anti)proton production in DIS at HERA
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chekanov, S.; Derrick, M.; Magill, S.
2007-05-01
The first observation of (anti)deuterons in deep inelastic scattering at HERA has been made with the ZEUS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 300-318 GeV using an integrated luminosity of 120 pb -1 . The measurement was performed in the central rapidity region for transverse momentum per unit of mass in the range 0.3 T /M<0.7. The particle rates have been extracted and interpreted in terms of the coalescence model. The (anti)deuteron production yield is smaller than the (anti)proton yield by approximately three orders of magnitude, consistent with the world measurements. (orig.)
Cross-section studies of relativistic deuteron reactions obtained by activation method
Wagner, V; Svoboda, O; Vrzalová, J; Majerle, M; Krása, A; Chudoba, P; Honusek, M; Kugler, A; Adam, J; Baldin, A; Furman, W; Kadykov, M; Khushvaktov, J; Sol-nyskhin, A; Tsoupko-Sitnikov, V; Závorka, L; Tyutyunnikov, S; Vladimirova, N
2014-01-01
The cross-sections of relativistic deuteron reactions on natural copper were studied in detail by means of activation method. The copper foils were irradiated during experiments with the big Quinta uranium target at Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna, Russia. The deuteron beams with energies ranging from 1 GeV up to 8 GeV were produced by JINR Nuclotron. Residual nuclides were identified by the gamma spectrometry. Lack of such experimental cross-section values prevents the usage of copper foils from beam integral monitoring.
Study of the deuteron emission in the $\\beta$-decay of $^{6}$He
Karny, M; Tengblad, O; Riisager, K; Perkowski, J; Garcia borge, M J; Raabe, R; Kowalska, M; Fynbo, H O U; Perea martinez, A; Ter-akopian, G; Huyse, M L
The main goal of the present proposal is to measure the continuous spectrum of deuterons emitted in the $\\beta$-decay of $^{6}$He. In particular, we want to focus on the low energy part of the spectrum, below 400 keV, which could not be accessed by all previous experiments. For the decay spectroscopy the Warsaw Optical Time Projection Chamber (OTPC) will be used. The bunches of $^{6}$He ions produced by REX-ISOLDE facility will be implanted into the active volume of the OTPC, where the rare events of deuteron emission will be recorded, practically background free.
A polarized deuteron source and its application to nuclear physics (1963)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Beurtey, R.
1963-11-01
Principles and realization of a polarized deuteron source fitted to the 22 MeV Saclay cyclotron are described. Various vector and tensor polarizations are obtained using radio-frequency transitions between Zeeman sub-levels of the deuterium atoms. Such polarized deuterons enable us the study of spin-dependent interactions in (d, d) scattering and (d, p) reactions. The asymmetries obtained by 40 Ca (d, d) 40 Ca, 12 C (d, p) 13 C and 28 Si (d, p) 29 Si are presented. (author) [fr
Stoichiometric analysis of Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductors using deuterons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tang, S.M.; Ong, T.H.; Tan, M.G.; Loh, K.K.; Sow, C.H.; Yuan, B.; Orlic, I.
1993-01-01
In principle, deuteron irradiation can be used for a complete stoichiometric analysis of Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductors. The contents of all the four chemical constituents can be determined by simultaneous detection of the 0.871 MeV prompt gamma rays from the 16 O(d, pγ) 17 O * reaction and of the characteristic X-rays produced by DIXE (deuteron induced X-ray emission). In this paper we present the approach taken and the results obtained in exploring the applicability of this technique for accurate quantitative determinations of the chemical constituents of bulk Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductors. (orig.)
Neutron production in interactions of relativistic protons and deuterons with lead targets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yurevich, V.I.; Amelin, N.S.; Yakovlev, R.M.; Nikolaev, V.A.; Lyapin, V.G.; Tsvetkov, I.O.
2005-01-01
Results on the neutron double-differential cross sections and yields obtained in the time-of-flight measurements with different lead targets and beams of protons and deuterons at an energy of about 2 GeV are discussed. The neutron spatial-energy distribution for an extended lead target was studied by the threshold detector method in the energy range of protons and deuterons 1-3.7 GeV. A dependence of the mean neutron multiplicity, energy of neutrons, and process of neutron multiplication in lead on the target dimension, and the type and energy of the beam particle is analyzed. (author)
Deuteron tensor polarization in the e-+d →e-+p+n process
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rekalo, M.P.; Gakh, G.I.; Rekalo, A.P.
1988-01-01
The polarization phenomena in the d-vector(e, ep)n reaction caused by the deuteron tensor polarization have been investigated in the relativistic impulse approximation (IA) framework. It is shown that in general case the tensor polarization leads to 16 Asymmetries. Sensitivity of these observables to the choice of the deuteron wave function parametrization has been investigated. The calculated asymmetry in the d-vector(e, pn)e' reation caused by the tensor polarization of the target is in good agreement with experimental data obtained in Novosibirsk. The calculated asymmetry in the nonrelativistic and relativistic IA are significantly different
Coupled channel theory of pion--deuteron reaction applied to threshold scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mizutani, T.; Koltun, D.S.
1977-01-01
Scattering and absorption of pions by a nuclear target are treated together in a coupled channel theory. The theory is developed explicitly for the problem of pion scattering and absorption by a deuteron. The equations are presented in terms of the integral equations of three-body scattering theory. The method is then applied in an approximate from to calculate the contribution of pion absorption to the scattering length for pion--deuteron scattering. The sensitivity of the calculated results to the model assumptions and approximations is investigated
Nakayama Shinsuke; Kouno Hiroshi; Watanabe Yukinobu; Iwamoto Osamu; Ye Tao; Ogata Kazuyuki
2017-01-01
We have developed an integrated code system dedicated for theoretical analysis and prediction of deuteron-induced reactions, which is called DEUteron-induced Reaction Analysis Code System (DEURACS). DEURACS consists of several calculation codes based on theoretical models to describe respective reaction mechanisms and it was successfully applied to (d,xp) and (d,xn) reactions. In the present work, the analysis of (d,xn) reactions is extended to higher incident energy up to nearly 100 MeV and ...
Orbital parameters of proton and deuteron beams in the NICA collider with solenoid Siberian snakes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kovalenko, A D; Butenko, A V; Kekelidze, V D; Mikhaylov, V A; Kondratenko, M A; Filatov, Yu N; Kondratenko, A M
2016-01-01
Two solenoid Siberian snakes are required to obtain ion polarization in the “spin transparency” mode of the NICA collider. The field integrals of the solenoid snakes for protons and deuterons at maximum momentum of 13.5 GeV/c are equal to 2×50 T·m and 2×160 T·m respectively. The snakes introduce strong betatron oscillation coupling. The calculations of orbital parameters of proton and deuteron beams in NICA collider with solenoid snakes are presented. (paper)
Kovalenko, A. D.; Butenko, A. V.; Mikhaylov, V. A.; Kondratenko, M. A.; Kondratenko, A. M.; Filatov, Yu N.
2017-12-01
Two solenoid Siberian Snakes are required to obtain ion polarization in spin transparency mode of the NICA collider. The snake solenoids with a total field integral of 2×50 T·m are placed into the straight sections of the NICA collider. It allows one to control polarization of protons and deuterons up to 13.5 GeV/c and 4 GeV/c respectively. The snakes introduce a strong betatron oscillation coupling. The calculations of orbital parameters of proton and deuteron beams in the NICA collider with solenoid Snakes are presented.
Study By Spin Tracking of A Storage Ring For Deuteron Electric Dipole Moment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lin, F.; Malitsky, N. D.; Luccio, A. U.; Morse, W. M.; Semertzidis, Y. K.; Onderwater, C. J. G.; Orlov, Y. F.
2009-01-01
Spin tracking of polarized deuterons for a proposed experiment to measure a possible Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) of the deuteron was done by using the codes UAL and SPINK. In the experiment the direction of spin polarization will be frozen using crossed electric and magnetic fields. Systematics, in particular the effects of non-linearities of the lattice on a beam with finite emittance and energy spread, have been extensively simulated and the effect of sextuple corrections to increase the spin coherence time has been studied.
Electron impact study of potassium hydroxide
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vuskovic, L.; Trajmar, S.
1979-01-01
An ''elastic'' scattering study for low impact energies (5--20 ev) is reported for electron impact excitation of KOH. The ''elastic'' scattering is regarded as the sum of elastic rotational and vibrational contributions to the scattering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gardner, C.J.
2010-08-01
A Gold ion with charge eQ has N = 197 Nucleons, Z = 79 Protons, and (Z-Q) electrons. (Here Q is an integer and e is the charge of a single proton.) The mass is m = au - Qm{sub e} + E{sub b}/c{sup 2} (1) where a = 196.966552 is the relative atomic mass [1, 2] of the neutral Gold atom, u = 931.494013 MeV/c{sup 2} is the unified atomic mass unit [3], and m{sub e}c{sup 2} = .510998902 MeV is the electron mass [3]. E{sub b} is the binding energy of the Q electrons removed from the neutral Gold atom. This amounts to 0.332 MeV for the helium-like gold ion (Q = 77) and 0.517 MeV for the fully stripped ion. For the Au{sup 31+} ion we have E{sub b} = 13.5 keV. These numbers are given in Ref. [4]. The deuteron mass [3] is 1875.612762(75) MeV/c{sup 2}.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gardner, C.J.
2010-01-01
A Gold ion with charge eQ has N = 197 Nucleons, Z = 79 Protons, and (Z-Q) electrons. (Here Q is an integer and e is the charge of a single proton.) The mass is m = au - Qm e + E b /c 2 (1) where a = 196.966552 is the relative atomic mass (1, 2) of the neutral Gold atom, u = 931.494013 MeV/c 2 is the unified atomic mass unit (3), and m e c 2 = .510998902 MeV is the electron mass (3). E b is the binding energy of the Q electrons removed from the neutral Gold atom. This amounts to 0.332 MeV for the helium-like gold ion (Q = 77) and 0.517 MeV for the fully stripped ion. For the Au 31+ ion we have E b = 13.5 keV. These numbers are given in Ref. (4). The deuteron mass (3) is 1875.612762(75) MeV/c 2 .
Complete experiment for dp and 3He,d backward elastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rekalo, M.P.; Piskunov, N.M.; Sitnik, I.M.
1997-01-01
The problem of the complete experiment in backward elastic scattering of particles with spins of 1 and 1/2 is considered. For the first time all possible effects caused by polarization of one or two initial and one final particles are touched upon. The minimal set of measurements allowing to reconstruct each of four amplitudes describing this process is suggested. Some observables are expected to be sensitive to such deuteron peculiarities as possible P-wave components. The developed technique is a good tool to calculate easily the expectations in the Impulse Approximation for any observables. The geography of the complete experiment is briefly discussed
A new measurement of the Collins and Sivers asymmetries on a transversely polarised deuteron target
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Ageev, E.; Alexakhin, V.; Alexandrov, Y.; Alexeev, G.; Amoroso, A.; Badelek, B.; Balestra, F.; Ball, J.; Baum, G.; Bedfer, Y.; Berglund, P.; Bernet, C.; Bertini, R.; Birsa, R.; Bisplinghoff, J.; Bordalo, P.; Bradamante, F.; Bravar, A.; Bressan, A.; Burtin, E.; Bussa, M.; Bytchkov, V.; Cerini, L.; Chapiro, A.; Cicuttin, A.; Colantoni, M.; Colavita, A.; Costa, S.; Crespo, M.; d'Hose, N.; Dalla Torre, S.; Dasgupta, S. S.; De Masi, R.; Dedek, N.; Denisov, O.; Dhara, L.; Diaz Kavka, V.; Dinkelbach, A.; Dolgopolov, A.; Donskov, S.; Dorofeev, V.; Doshita, N.; Duic, V.; Dünnweber, W.; Ehlers, J.; Eversheim, P.; Eyrich, W.; Fabro, M.; Faessler, M.; Falaleev, V.; Fauland, P.; Ferrero, A.; Ferrero, L.; Finger, M.; Finger jr., M.; Fischer, H.; Franz, J.; Friedrich, J.; Frolov, V.; Fuchs, U.; Garfagnini, R.; Gautheron, F.; Gavrichtchouk, O.; Gerassimov, S.; Geyer, R.; Giorgi, M.; Gobbo, B.; Goertz, S.; Gorin, A.; Grajek, O.; Grasso, A.; Grube, B.; Grünemaier, A.; Hannappel, J.; von Harrach, D.; Hasegawa, T.; Hedicke, S.; Heinsius, F.; Hermann, R.; Hess, C.; Hinterberger, F.; von Hodenberg, M.; Horikawa, N.; Horikawa, S.; Ijaduola, R.; Ilgner, C.; Ioukaev, A.; Ishimoto, S.; Ivanov, O.; Iwata, T.; Jahn, R.; Janata, A.; Joosten, R.; Jouravlev, N. I.; Kabuss, E.; Kalinnikov, V.; Kang, D.; Karstens, F.; Kastaun, W.; Ketzer, B.; Khaustov, G.; Khokhlov, Y.; Khomutov, N.; Kisselev, Y.; Klein, F.; Koblitz, S.; Koivuniemi, J.; Kolosov, V.; Komissarov, E.; Kondo, K.; Königsmann, K.; Konoplyannikov, A.; Konorov, I.; Konstantinov, V.; Korentchenko, A.; Korzenev, A.; Kotzinian, A.; Koutchinski, N.; Kowalik, K.; Kravchuk, N.; Krivokhizhin, G.; Kroumchtein, Z.; Kuhn, R.; Kunne, F.; Kurek, K.; Ladygin, M.; Lamanna, M.; Le Goff, J.; Leberig, M.; Lichtenstadt, J.; Liska, T.; Ludwig, I.; Maggiora, A.; Maggiora, M.; Magnon, A.; Mallot, G.; Manuilov, I.; Marchand, C.; Marroncle, J.; Martin, A.; Marzec, J.; Matsuda, T.; Maximov, A.; Medved, K.; Meyer, W.; Mielech, A.; Mikhailov, Y.; Moinester, M.; Nähle, O.; Nassalski, J.; Neliba, S.; Neyret, D.; Nikolaenko, V.; Nozdrin, A.; Obraztsov, V.; Olshevsky, A.; Ostrick, M.; Padee, A.; Pagano, P.; Panebianco, S.; Panzieri, D.; Paul, S.; Pereira, H.; Peshekhonov, D.; Peshekhonov, V.; Piragino, G.; Platchkov, S.; Platzer, K.; Pochodzalla, J.; Polyakov, V.; Popov, A.; Pretz, J.; Quintans, C.; Ramos, S.; Rebourgeard, P.; Reicherz, G.; Reymann, J.; Rith, K.; Rozhdestvensky, A.; Rondio, E.; Sadovski, A.; Saller, E.; Samoylenko, V.; Sandacz, A.; Sans, M.; Sapozhnikov, M.; Savin, I.; Schiavon, P.; Schill, C.; Schmidt, T.; Schmitt, H.; Schmitt, L.; Shevchenko, O.; Shishkin, A.; Siebert, H.; Sinha, L.; Sissakian, A.; Skachkova, A.; Slunecka, M.; Smirnov, G.; Sozzi, F.; Sugonyaev, V.; Srnka, Aleš; Stinzing, F.; Stolarski, M.; Sulc, M.; Sulej, R.; Takabayashi, N.; Tchalishev, V.; Tassarotto, F.; Teufel, A.; Thers, D.; Tkatchev, L.; Toeda, T.; Tretyak, V.; Trousov, S.; Varanda, M.; Virius, M.; Vlassov, N.; Wagner, M.; Webb, R.; Weise, E.; Weitzel, Q.; Wiedner, U.; Wiesmann, M.; Windmolders, R.; Wirth, S.; Wislicki, W.; Zanetti, A.; Zaremba, K.; Zhao, J.; Ziegler, R.; Zvyagin, A.
2007-01-01
Roč. 765, 1-2 (2007), s. 31-70 ISSN 0550-3213 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) ME 492 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20650511 Keywords : transversity * deuteron * Collins asymmetry * Sivers asymmetry Subject RIV: BF - Elementary Particles and High Energy Physics Impact factor: 4.645, year: 2007
Collins and Sivers asymmetries for pions and kaons in muon-deuteron DIS
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Alekseev, M.; Alexakhin, V. Yu.; Alexandrov, Yu.; Alexeev, G. D.; Amoroso, A.; Arbuzov, A.; Badelek, B.; Balestra, F.; Ball, J.; Barth, J.; Baum, G.; Bedfer, Y.; Bernet, C.; Bertini, R.; Bettinelli, M.; Birsa, R.; Bisplinghoff, J.; Bordalo, P.; Bradamante, F.; Bravar, A.; Bressan, A.; Brona, G.; Burtin, E.; Bussa, M.; Chapiro, A.; Chiosso, M.; Cicuttin, A.; Colantoni, M.; Costa, S.; Crespo, M.; Dalla Torre, S.; Dafni, T.; Das, S.; Dasgupta, S. S.; De Masi, R.; Dedek, N.; Denisov, O.; Dhara, L.; Diaz, V.; Dinkelbach, A.; Donskov, S.; Dorofeev, V.; Doshita, N.; Duic, V.; Dünnweber, W.; Efremov, A.V.; Eversheim, P.; Eyrich, W.; Faessler, M.; Falaleev, V.; Ferrero, A.; Ferrero, L.; Finger, M.; Finger jr., M.; Fischer, H.; Franco, C.; Franz, J.; Friedrich, J.; Frolov, V.; Garfagnini, R.; Gautheron, F.; Gavrichtchouk, O.; Gazda, R.; Gerassimov, S.; Geyer, R.; Giorgi, M.; Gobbo, B.; Goertz, S.; Gorin, A.; Grabmüller, S.; Grajek, O.; Grasso, A.; Grube, B.; Gushterski, R.; Guskov, A.; Haas, F.; Hannappel, J.; von Harrach, D.; Hasegawa, T.; Heckmann, J.; Hedicke, S.; Heinsius, F.; Hermann, R.; Hess, C.; Hinterberger, F.; von Hodenberg, M.; Horikawa, N.; Horikawa, S.; d'Hose, N.; Ilgner, C.; Ioukaev, A.; Ishimoto, S.; Ivanov, O.; Ivanshin, Yu.; Iwata, T.; Jahn, R.; Janata, A.; Jasinski, P.; Joosten, R.; Jouravlev, N. I.; Kabuss, E.; Kang, D.; Ketzer, B.; Khaustov, G.; Khokhlov, Y.; Kisselev, Y.; Klein, F.; Klimaszewski, K.; Koblitz, S.; Koivuniemi, J.; Kolosov, V.; Komissarov, E.; Kondo, K.; Königsmann, K.; Konorov, I.; Konstantinov, V.; Korentchenko, A.; Korzenev, A.; Kotzinian, A.; Koutchinski, N.; Kouznetsov, O.; Kral, A.; Kravchuk, N.; Kroumchtein, Z.; Kuhn, R.; Kunne, F.; Kurek, K.; Ladygin, M.; Lamanna, M.; Le Goff, J.; Lednev, A.; Lehmann, A.; Levorato, S.; Lichtenstadt, J.; Liska, T.; Ludwig, I.; Maggiora, A.; Maggiora, M.; Magnon, A.; Mallot, G.; Mann, A.; Marchand, C.; Marroncle, J.; Martin, A.; Marzec, J.; Massmann, F.; Matsuda, T.; Maximov, A.; Meyer, W.; Mielech, A.; Mikhailov, Y.; Moinester, M.; Mutter, A.; Nagaytsev, A.; Nagel, T.; Nähle, O.; Nassalski, J.; Neliba, S.; Nerling, F.; Neubert, S.; Neyret, D.; Nikolaenko, V.; Nikolaev, K.; Olshevsky, A.; Ostrick, M.; Padee, A.; Pagano, P.; Panebianco, S.; Panknin, R.; Panzieri, D.; Paul, S.; Pawlukiewicz-Kaminska, B.; Pesaro, G.; Peshekhonov, D.; Peshekhonov, V.; Piragino, G.; Platchkov, S.; Pochodzalla, J.; Polak, J.; Polyakov, V.; Pretz, J.; Procureur, S.; Quintans, C.; Rajotte, J.; Ramos, S.; Rapatsky, V.; Reicherz, G.; Reggiani, D.; Richter, A.; Robinet, F.; Rocco, E.; Rondio, E.; Rozhdestvensky, A.; Ryabchikov, D.; Samoylenko, V.; Sandacz, A.; Santos, H.; Sapozhnikov, M.; Sarkar, S.; Savin, I.; Sbrizzai, G.; Schiavon, P.; Schill, C.; Schmitt, L.; Schönmeier, P.; Schröder, W.; Shevchenko, O.; Siebert, H.; Silva, L.; Sinha, L.; Sissakian, A.; Slunecka, M.; Smirnov, G.; Sosio, S.; Sozzi, F.; Srnka, Aleš; Stinzing, F.; Stolarski, M.; Sugonyaev, V.; Sulc, M.; Sulej, R.; Tchalishev, V.; Tessaro, S.; Tessarotto, F.; Teufel, A.; Tkatchev, L.; Venugopal, G.; Virius, M.; Vlassov, N.; Vossen, A.; Webb, R.; Weise, E.; Weitzel, Q.; Windmolders, R.; Wirth, S.; Wislicki, W.; Wollny, H.; Zaremba, K.; Zavertyaev, M.; Zemlyanichkina, E.; Zhao, J.; Ziegler, R.; Zvyagin, A.
2009-01-01
Roč. 673, č. 2 (2009), s. 127-135 ISSN 0370-2693 R&D Projects: GA MŠk ME 492 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20650511 Keywords : deuteron * transverse single-spin asymmetry * identified hadrons * Collins asymmetry * Sivers asymmetry Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 5.083, year: 2009
Deuteron-induced reactions generated by intense lasers for PET isotope production
Kimura, Sachie; Bonasera, Aldo
2011-05-01
We investigate the feasibility of using laser accelerated protons/deuterons for positron emission tomography (PET) isotope production by means of the nuclear reactions 11B(p, n) 11C and 10B(d, n) 11C. The second reaction has a positive Q-value and no energy threshold. One can, therefore, make use of the lower energy part of the laser-generated deuterons, which includes the majority of the accelerated deuterons. By assuming that the deuteron spectra are similar to the proton spectra, the 11C produced from the reaction 10B(d, n) 11C is estimated to be 7.4×10 9 per laser-shot at the Titan laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Meanwhile a high-repetition table-top laser irradiation is estimated to generate 3.5×10 711C per shot from the same reaction. In terms of the 11C activity, it is about 2×10 4 Bq per shot. If this laser delivers kHz, the activity is integrated to 1 GBq after 3 min. The number is sufficient for the practical application in medical imaging for PET.
Doublet channel neutron-deuteron scattering in leading order effective field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blankleider, B.; Gegelia, J.
2001-01-01
The doublet channel neutron-deuteron scattering amplitude is calculated in leading order effective field theory (EFT). It is shown that this amplitude does not depend on a constant contact interaction three-body force. Satisfactory agreement with available data is obtained when only two-body forces are included
Cyclotron production of {sup 64}Cu by deuteron irradiation of {sup 64}Zn
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abbas, K. [Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, TP 500, I-21020 Ispra (Vatican City State, Holy See,) (Italy)]. E-mail: kamel.abbas@jrc.it; Kozempel, J. [Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, TP 500, I-21020 Ispra (VA) (Italy); Charles University Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic and Nuclear Chemistry, 128 43 Prague (Czech Republic); Bonardi, M. [LASA, Radiochemistry Laboratory, University and INFN, via F.lli Cervi 201, I-20090 Segrate (MI) (Italy); Groppi, F. [LASA, Radiochemistry Laboratory, University and INFN, via F.lli Cervi 201, I-20090 Segrate (MI) (Italy); Alfarano, A. [Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, TP 500, I-21020 Ispra (VA) (Italy); Holzwarth, U. [Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, TP 500, I-21020 Ispra (VA) (Italy); Simonelli, F. [Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, TP 500, I-21020 Ispra (VA) (Italy); Hofman, H. [Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, TP 500, I-21020 Ispra (VA) (Italy); Horstmann, W. [Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, TP 500, I-21020 Ispra (VA) (Italy); Menapace, E. [ENEA, Applied Physics Division, Bologna (Italy); Leseticky, L. [Charles University Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic and Nuclear Chemistry, 128 43 Prague (Czech Republic); Gibson, N. [Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, TP 500, I-21020 Ispra (VA) (Italy)
2006-09-15
The short-lived (12.7 h half-life) {sup 64}Cu radioisotope is both a {beta} {sup +} and a {beta} {sup -} emitter. This property makes {sup 64}Cu a promising candidate for novel medical applications, since it can be used simultaneously for therapeutic application of radiolabelled biomolecules and for diagnosis with PET. Following previous work on {sup 64}Cu production by deuteron irradiation of natural zinc, we report here the production of this radioisotope by deuteron irradiation of enriched {sup 64}Zn. In addition, yields of other radioisotopes such as {sup 61}Cu, {sup 67}Cu, {sup 65}Zn, {sup 69m}Zn, {sup 66}Ga and {sup 67}Ga, which were co-produced in this process, were also measured. The evaporation code ALICE-91 and the transport code SRIM 2003 were used to determine the excitation functions and the stopping power, respectively. All the nuclear reactions yielding the above-mentioned radioisotopes were taken into account in the calculations both for the natural and enriched Zn targets. The experimental and calculated yields were shown to be in reasonable agreement. The work was carried out at the Scanditronix MC-40 Cyclotron of the Institute for Health and Consumer Protection of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (Ispra site, Italy). The irradiations were carried out with 19.5 MeV deuterons, the maximum deuteron energy obtainable with the MC-40 cyclotron.
Role of the direct mechanisms in the deuteron-induced surrogate reactions
Avrigeanu, M
2015-01-01
An extended analysis of the key role of direct interactions, i.e., breakup, stripping and pick-up processes, for the deuteron–induced surrogate reactions is presented. Particular comments concern the deuteron breakup which is dominant in the case of the ( d; p g ) surrogate reactions on actinides target nuclei, around the Coulomb barrier.
Cross-section studies of relativistic deuteron reactions on copper by activation method
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Suchopár, Martin; Wagner, Vladimír; Svoboda, Ondřej; Vrzalová, Jitka; Chudoba, Petr; Kugler, Andrej; Adam, Jindřich; Závorka, L.; Baldine, A.; Furman, W.; Kadykov, M. G.; Khushvaktov, J.; Solnyshkin, A. A.; Tsoupko-Sitnikov, V. V.; Tyutyunnikov, S. I.
2015-01-01
Roč. 344, FEB (2015), s. 63-69 ISSN 0168-583X R&D Projects: GA MŠk LG14004 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : relativistic deuteron reactions * cross-sections * copper Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 1.389, year: 2015
Activation of the IFMIF prototype accelerator and beam dump by deuterons and protons
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Simakov, S. P.; Bém, Pavel; Burjan, Václav; Fischer, U.; Forrest, R.A.; Götz, Miloslav; Honusek, Milan; Klein, H.; Kroha, Václav; Novák, Jan; Sauer, A.; Šimečková, Eva; Tiede, R.
2008-01-01
Roč. 83, 10-12 (2008), s. 1543-1547 ISSN 0920-3796 R&D Projects: GA MPO 2A-1TP1/101 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : IFMIF * Protons and deuterons accelerator * Beam dump Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 0.828, year: 2008
Evaluation of deuteron-induced activation for IFMIF accelerator structural materials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nakao, Makoto; Ochiai, Kentaro; Kubota, Naoyoshi; Sato, Satoshi; Yamauchi, Michinori; Nishitani, Takeo; Hori, Jun-ichi; Ishioka, Noriko S.; Sudo, Hiroyuki
2006-11-01
The International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) is a neutron source facility designed to produce an intense neutron field for irradiation test of fusion reactor candidate materials. In the design of IFMIF, long-term operation with total facility availability of at least 70% is required. However, activation of structural materials by deuteron beam limits maintenance, which causes lower facility availability. Thus it is essential to prepare deuteron-induced activation cross section database and to select low activation materials based on it. In this work, we measured deuteron-induced activation cross sections of aluminum, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, nickel, copper, tantalum, tungsten and gold. The measured cross sections were compared with other experimental data and calculations. Deuteron-induced activities of nuclides produced in SS316 and F82H alloys used as the accelerator structural material were also measured to validate the measured cross sections comprehensively. It demonstrated that the measured activities of almost all the nuclides were in agreement with evaluated ones based on the measured cross sections within error. (author)
The Activation of Fe by Deuterons at Energies up to 20 MeV
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Závorka, Lukáš; Šimečková, Eva; Honusek, Milan; Katovsky, K.
2011-01-01
Roč. 59, č. 2 (2011), s. 1961-1964 ISSN 0374-4884 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : Deuteron activation * Natural iron target * Stacked foil technique * Excitation function Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 0.447, year: 2011
Dissociation of deuteron, 6He and 11Be from Coulomb dissociation ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abstract. The fragmentation of deuteron, 6He and 11Be have been studied during in- teraction with the 208Pb nucleus at various projectile energies. The Coulomb dissocia- tion cross-sections and the momentum distribution of the break-up fragments have been analysed within the framework of the direct fragmentation ...
Deuteron-induced reactions on Ni isotopes up to 60 MeV
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Avrigeanu, M.; Šimečková, Eva; Fischer, U.; Mrázek, Jaromír; Novák, Jan; Štefánik, Milan; Costache, C.; Avrigeanu, V.
2016-01-01
Roč. 94, č. 1 (2016), č. článku 014606. ISSN 2469-9985 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011019; GA MŠk LM2015076 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : cross-section * deuteron breakup * compound nucleus Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 3.820, year: 2016
Interpretation of enhancements in the antiproton-neutron from antiproton-Deuteron annihilations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Martin, L.J.; Mason, G.C.; Opat, G.I.
1980-01-01
Data are presented from a low energy antiproton-Deuteron experiment that show an enhancement near 1930 MeV in the antiproton-neutron mass spectrum. This, and other enhancements observed at nearby masses, may be interpreted in terms of a double-scattering effect
Exchange currents in the radiative capture of thermal neutrons by protons and deuterons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Konijnenberg, M.W.
1990-01-01
Measurements are presented about the ratio between the contributions to the radiative neutron capture process by deuterons from states with total spin J = 1/2 and J = 3/2. It is shown that the outcome of these experiments can only be understood from the electromagnetic interaction with nucleons, mesons and nucleon resonances involving meson exchange. (author). 112 refs.; 27 figs.; 7 tabs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Garcia, M.; Sanz, J.; Garcia, N.; Cabellos, O. [Madrid Univ. Politecnica, C/ Jose Gutierrez Abascal, lnstituto de Fusion Nuclear (Spain); Sauvan, R. [Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia (UNED), Madrid (Spain); Moreno, C.; Sedano, L.A. [CIEMAT-Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Association Euratom-CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)
2007-07-01
Full text of publication follows: The IFMIF (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility) is an accelerator-based DLi neutron source designed to test fusion reactor candidate materials for high fluence neutrons. Before deciding IFMIF construction, an engineering design and associated experimental data acquisition, defined as EVEDA, has been proposed. Along the EVEDA accelerator, deuteron beam losses collide with the accelerator materials, producing activation and consequent radiations responsible of dose. Calculation of the dose rates in the EVEDA accelerator room is necessary in order to analyze the feasibility for manual maintenance. Dose rates due to the activation produced by the deuteron beam losses interaction with the accelerator materials, will be calculated with the ACAB activation code, using EAF2007 library for deuteron activation cross-sections. Also, dose rates from the activation induced by the neutron source produced by the interaction of deuteron beam losses with the accelerator materials and the deuterium implanted in the structural lattice, will be calculated with the SRIM2006, TMAP7, DROSG2000/NEUYIE, MCNPX and ACAB codes. All calculations will be done for the EVEDA accelerator with the room temperature DTL structure, which is based on copper cavities for the DTL. Some calculations will be done for the superconducting DTL structure, based on niobium cavities for the DTL working at cryogenic temperature. Final analysis will show the dominant mechanisms and major radionuclides contributing to the surface dose rates. (authors)
On Low and Medium Energy Deuteron-induced Reactions on (63,65)CU
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Šimečková, Eva; Bém, Pavel; Honusek, Milan; Závorka, Lukáš; Fischer, U.; Simakov, SP.; Forrest, R.A.; Avrigeanu, V.; Roman, F.L.
2011-01-01
Roč. 59, č. 2 (2011), s. 1928-1931 ISSN 0374-4884 R&D Projects: GA MPO 2A-1TP1/101 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : Deuterons * Activation * Breakup * Direct reactions Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 0.447, year: 2011
Theory of Spacetime Elasticity
Gusev, Andrei A.; Lurie, Sergey A.
We present the theory of spacetime elasticity and demonstrate that it involves traditional thermoelasticity. Assuming linear-elastic constitutive behavior and using spacetime transversely-isotropic elastic constants, we derive all principal thermodynamic relations of classical thermoelasticity. We introduce the spacetime principle of virtual work, and use it to derive the equations of motion for both reversible and dissipative thermoelastic dynamics. We show that spacetime elasticity directly implies the Fourier and the Maxwell-Cattaneo laws of heat conduction. However, spacetime elasticity is richer than classical thermoelasticity, and it advocates its own equations of motion for coupled thermoelasticity, complemented by the spectrum of boundary and interface conditions. We argue that the presented framework of spacetime elasticity should prove adequate for describing the thermoelastic phenomena occurring at low temperatures, for interpreting the results of molecular simulations of heat conduction in solids, and also for the optimal heat and stress management in the microelectronic components and the thermoelectric devices.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Roselena Faez
2001-09-01
Full Text Available Neste trabalho, o elastômero EPDM foi misturado à Polianilina (PAni a qual foi dopada com ácido dodecilbenzeno sulfônico (DBSA na razão molar 1:3. A mistura de EPDM contendo 40%(m/m de PAni-(DBSA3 foi realizada em um misturador interno de dois rotores, acessório do reômetro Haake Rheocord 90, a 150°C e 30 rpm. Foram recolhidas amostras em 5, 10, 20, 30 e 40 min de processamento e a morfologia foi avaliada por MEV. A análise microscópica da superfície da amostra mostrou fases completamente distintas em função do tempo de mistura, passando de uma estrutura de duas fases compacta (5 min até o aparecimento de uma estrutura "tipo esponja" (30 e 40 min. Estas diferenças afetam as propriedades do material como, por exemplo, o comportamento de absorção de radiação eletromagnética de materiais absorvedores de radiação (MARE.In this work the EPDM elastomer was mixed with Polyaniline (PAni doped with dodecilbenzene sulfonic acid (DBSA using a molar ratio of 1:3 of PAni:DBSA. The EPDM mixture with 40%(w/w of PAni-(DBSA3 was carried out using an internal mixer chamber with two rotors coupled to a Haake Rheocord 90 at 150°C and 30 rpm. Aliquots were taken during the processing time of 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 min, and the morphology was evaluated by SEM. The morphology of the blends markedly changes as a function of processing time, from a compact, at 5 min to a sponge-like morphology at 30 and 40 min. These differences influence the material properties, such as electromagnetic radiation absorption of radar absorbing materials (RAM.
Paro, Alberto
2013-01-01
Written in an engaging, easy-to-follow style, the recipes will help you to extend the capabilities of ElasticSearch to manage your data effectively.If you are a developer who implements ElasticSearch in your web applications, manage data, or have decided to start using ElasticSearch, this book is ideal for you. This book assumes that you've got working knowledge of JSON and Java
Elastic magnetic form factors of exotic nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dong Tiekuang; Guo Yanqing; Ren Zhongzhou
2007-01-01
How to identify the orbital of the valence nucleon(s) of exotic nuclei is an important problem. The elastic magnetic electron scattering is an excellent probe to determine the valence structure of odd-A nuclei. The relativistic mean-field theory has been successfully applied to systematic studies of the elastic charge electron scattering from even-even exotic nuclei. The extension of this method to investigate the elastic magnetic electron scattering from odd-A exotic nuclei is a natural generalization. The experimental form factors of 17 O and 41 Ca are reproduced very well with the help of the spectroscopic factors which are introduced into the relativistic treatment of the magnetic electron scattering for the first time. The emphases are put on the magnetic form factors of 15,17,19 C, 23 O, 17 F, and 49,59 Ca calculated in the relativistic impulse approximation. Great differences have been found in the form factors of the same nucleus with different configurations. Therefore, the elastic magnetic electron scattering can be used to determine the orbital of the last nucleon of odd-A exotic nuclei. Our results can provide references for the electron scattering from exotic nuclei in the near future
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tossell, J.A.; Davenport, J.W.
1984-01-01
Multiple scattering Xα bound state and continuum calculations are used to study low energy elastic electron scattering cross sections and pre-edge features in the x-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of (C,Si)X 4 , X = H,F,Cl. Maxima in the electron scattering cross section are predicted to occur at energies below 4 eV in the t 2 channel for CF 4 , CCl 4 , SiH 4 , and SiCl 4 . These maxima can be assigned to final state orbitals which are bound in XAS and well localized in space and a quantitative correspondence of such scattering ''resonance'' energies and XAS energies may be obtained using the transition state approach. For CH 4 and SiF 4 even those bound state orbitals giving the greatest XAS intensity are very diffuse, being essentially of Rydberg character. Broad electron scattering maxima are found at energies above 4 eV in these molecules which cannot be directly associated with the bound state orbitals dominating the XAS. The results thus establish that low energy electron scattering resonances and pre-edge XAS are closely related only for orbitals bound and reasonably well localized in XAS. The MS-Xα results almost always reproduce experimental trends along the molecular series but quantitative discrepancies from experiment are sometimes substantial, particularly for the broad high energy scattering maxima in CH 4 . The narrow t 2 resonance calculated for CF 4 is found to vary greatly in position and intensity as the C--F distance is varied by small amounts but the stronger, broader t 2 resonance in SiH 4 is little affected by bond distance variation
Puckett, A. J. R.; Brash, E. J.; Jones, M. K.; Luo, W.; Meziane, M.; Pentchev, L.; Perdrisat, C. F.; Punjabi, V.; Wesselmann, F. R.; Afanasev, A.; Ahmidouch, A.; Albayrak, I.; Aniol, K. A.; Arrington, J.; Asaturyan, A.; Baghdasaryan, H.; Benmokhtar, F.; Bertozzi, W.; Bimbot, L.; Bosted, P.; Boeglin, W.; Butuceanu, C.; Carter, P.; Chernenko, S.; Christy, M. E.; Commisso, M.; Cornejo, J. C.; Covrig, S.; Danagoulian, S.; Daniel, A.; Davidenko, A.; Day, D.; Dhamija, S.; Dutta, D.; Ent, R.; Frullani, S.; Fenker, H.; Frlez, E.; Garibaldi, F.; Gaskell, D.; Gilad, S.; Gilman, R.; Goncharenko, Y.; Hafidi, K.; Hamilton, D.; Higinbotham, D. W.; Hinton, W.; Horn, T.; Hu, B.; Huang, J.; Huber, G. M.; Jensen, E.; Keppel, C.; Khandaker, M.; King, P.; Kirillov, D.; Kohl, M.; Kravtsov, V.; Kumbartzki, G.; Li, Y.; Mamyan, V.; Margaziotis, D. J.; Marsh, A.; Matulenko, Y.; Maxwell, J.; Mbianda, G.; Meekins, D.; Melnik, Y.; Miller, J.; Mkrtchyan, A.; Mkrtchyan, H.; Moffit, B.; Moreno, O.; Mulholland, J.; Narayan, A.; Nedev, S.; Nuruzzaman, Piasetzky, E.; Pierce, W.; Piskunov, N. M.; Prok, Y.; Ransome, R. D.; Razin, D. S.; Reimer, P.; Reinhold, J.; Rondon, O.; Shabestari, M.; Shahinyan, A.; Shestermanov, K.; Širca, S.; Sitnik, I.; Smykov, L.; Smith, G.; Solovyev, L.; Solvignon, P.; Subedi, R.; Tomasi-Gustafsson, E.; Vasiliev, A.; Veilleux, M.; Wojtsekhowski, B. B.; Wood, S.; Ye, Z.; Zanevsky, Y.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Zheng, X.; Zhu, L.
2017-11-01
Background: Interest in the behavior of nucleon electromagnetic form factors at large momentum transfers has steadily increased since the discovery, using polarization observables, of the rapid decrease of the ratio GEp/GMp of the proton's electric and magnetic form factors for momentum transfers Q2≳1 GeV2, in strong disagreement with previous extractions of this ratio using the traditional Rosenbluth separation technique. Purpose: The GEp-III and GEp -2 γ experiments were carried out in Jefferson Laboratory's (JLab's) Hall C from 2007 to 2008, to extend the knowledge of GEp/GMp to the highest practically achievable Q2 given the maximum beam energy of 6 GeV and to search for effects beyond the Born approximation in polarization transfer observables of elastic e ⃗p scattering. This article provides an expanded description of the common experimental apparatus and data analysis procedures, and reports the results of a final reanalysis of the data from both experiments, including the previously unpublished results of the full-acceptance dataset of the GEp -2 γ experiment. Methods: Polarization transfer observables in elastic e ⃗p →e p ⃗ scattering were measured at central Q2 values of 2.5, 5.2, 6.8, and 8.54 GeV2. At Q2=2.5 GeV2 , data were obtained for central values of the virtual photon polarization parameter ɛ of 0.149, 0.632, and 0.783. The Hall C High Momentum Spectrometer detected and measured the polarization of protons recoiling elastically from collisions of JLab's polarized electron beam with a liquid hydrogen target. A large-acceptance electromagnetic calorimeter detected the elastically scattered electrons in coincidence to suppress inelastic backgrounds. Results: The final GEp-III data are largely unchanged relative to the originally published results. The statistical uncertainties of the final GEp -2 γ data are significantly reduced at ɛ =0.632 and 0.783 relative to the original publication. Conclusions: The final GEp-III results show that
Saranath, K. M.; Ramji, M.
2015-05-01
Joining of materials using welding results in the formation of material zones with varying microstructure across the weld. Extraction of the mechanical properties of those individual heterogeneous zones are important in designing components and structures comprised of welds. In this study, the zone wise local extraction of the elastic and plastic properties of an electron beam welded Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy has been carried out using both the uniform stress method (USM) and the virtual fields method (VFM) involving digital image correlation (DIC) technique. The surface strain field obtained using DIC technique from a transverse weld specimen tensile testing is used for extracting the zone wise strain evolution. Initially, using uniform stress assumption, zone wise full range stress-strain curves are extracted. In USM methodology, the elastic and plastic material models are fitted to the zone wise stress-strain curves and required parameters are extracted from it. But inherent disadvantage is lot of images need to be processed for the parameter extraction. Recently, VFM is gaining lot of popularity in characterization domain as it is robust, accurate and faster. VFM is based on the principle of virtual work where, the weak form of local equilibrium equations and kinematically admissible virtual displacement fields are utilized for parameter extraction. Hollomon's power law is used here as the hardening rule. Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, yield stress, strength coefficient and strain hardening exponent are the parameters extracted zone wise using both USM and VFM. A Vicker's microhardness measurement is also conducted across the weld zone towards mapping the strength behavior. Fusion zone has reported higher yield strength, strength coefficient and Poisson's ratio. Young's modulus value is found decreasing from base metal towards the fusion zone. The trend observed in parameter variation across the weld zone obtained by both USM and VFM compares very well. Due
Biomolecular analysis of elastic fibre molecules.
Cain, Stuart A; Raynal, Bertrand; Hodson, Nigel; Shuttleworth, Adrian; Kielty, Cay M
2008-05-01
Elastic fibres are macromolecular extracellular matrix assemblies that endow dynamic connective tissues such as arteries, lungs and skin with the property of elastic recoil. Here, we describe how we have purified elastic fibre molecules and then analysed them using a range of biochemical and biomolecular approaches. Such approaches have provided powerful insights into the complex hierarchical processes of extracellular matrix assembly. We outline molecular interaction and kinetics assays using Biacore, biophysical approaches such as multi-angle laser light scattering and analytical ultracentrifugation which provide information on molecular and macromolecular shape and mass in solution, the visualisation of molecules and assemblies using microscopy approaches such as atomic force microscopy and environmental scanning electron microscopy, and compositional analysis of macromolecular complexes using mass spectrometry. Data from these in vitro analytical approaches can be combined to develop powerful new models of elastic fibre assembly.
Paro, Alberto
2015-01-01
If you are a developer who implements ElasticSearch in your web applications and want to sharpen your understanding of the core elements and applications, this is the book for you. It is assumed that you've got working knowledge of JSON and, if you want to extend ElasticSearch, of Java and related technologies.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Murata, Toru
2000-01-01
Simple formulae to reproduce the optical model compound nucleus formation cross sections for neutron, proton, deuteron, triton, 3 He and alpha particles are presented for target nuclei of light to medium weight mass region. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kondratyuk, L.A.; Krivoruchenko, M.I.; Shchepkin, M.G.
1986-01-01
The magnetic moment of the six-quark bag with the deuteron quantum numbers is calculated in the chiral bag model taking into account the gluonic and the pionic corrections. For the six-quark bag radius R 6q =1.18-1.38 fm (corresponding to the nucleon bag radius R 3q =0.8-1.0 fm) the magnetic moment equals m D 6q =1.17-1.23 nuclear magnetons. This result together with the deuteron magnetic momentum data provides a restraint upon the six-quark bag admixture in the deuteron P B < or approx. 3%. This value is a few times lower than the probability that two nucleons are in the range r < 1.4 fm. Therefore, it may be interpreted as an evidence for a considerable difference between the properties of the effective bag in the deuteron and of the MIT bag
Study of proton-deuteron break-up reaction in exclusive experiment at 1 GeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aleshin, N.P.; Belostotskij, S.L.; Dotsenko, Yu.V.
1987-07-01
The exclusive proton-deuteron break-up reaction pD yields ppn was studied at 1 GeV. Differential cross sections and polarizations of the final protons were measured in the range of neutron-spectator momenta 0 3 3 <0.2 GeV/c, respectively. The data obtained are well described within the framework of impulse approximation with the Paris wave function of the deuteron. (author)
Measurement of (anti)deuteron and (anti)proton production in DIS at HERA
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chekanov, S.; Derrick, M.; Magill, S. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (US)] (and others)
2007-05-15
The first observation of (anti)deuterons in deep inelastic scattering at HERA has been made with the ZEUS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 300-318 GeV using an integrated luminosity of 120 pb{sup -1}. The measurement was performed in the central rapidity region for transverse momentum per unit of mass in the range 0.3
deuteron production yield is smaller than the (anti)proton yield by approximately three orders of magnitude, consistent with the world measurements. (orig.)
Simulation of a short-cable Q-meter for measuring the deuteron target polarization
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Karnaukhov, I.M.; Lukhanin, A.A.; Telegin, Yu.N.; Trotsenko, V.I.; Chechetenko, V.F.
1984-01-01
Simulation of Q-meter with a phase automatic-frequency control of a reception circuit is carried out in the paper. Effect of circuit parameters and connecting cable on Q-meter sensitivity and magnitude of distortions of recorded signal is studied. It is shown that usage of the cable with a length of lambda/12-lambda/10 instead of traditional semiwave one enables to increase essentially the circuit sensitivity at the same distortion rate. Errors conditioned by distortions of the deuteron magnetic resonance (DMR) signal forms in the reception circuit, which can effect essertially on accuracy of deuteron polarization detection by the method of DMR spectrum decomposition, are discussed. It is shown that in the case of utilization of a short cable the polarization error due to spectrum distortions does not exceed 4...5%
Measurement of 230Pa and 186Re Production Cross Sections Induced by Deuterons at Arronax Facility
Duchemin, Charlotte; Guertin, Arnaud; Metivier, Vincent; Haddad, Ferid; Michel, Nathalie
2014-02-01
A dedicated program has been launched on production of innovative radionuclides for PET imaging and for β- and α targeted radiotherapy using proton or α particles at the ARRONAX cyclotron. Since the accelerator is also able to deliver deuteron beams up to 35 MeV, we have reconsidered the possibility of using them to produce medical isotopes. Two isotopes dedicated to targeted therapy have been considered: 226Th, a decay product of 230Pa, and 186Re. The production cross sections of 230Pa and 186Re, as well as those of the contaminants created during the irradiation, have been determined by the stacked-foil technique using deuteron beams. Experimental values have been quantified using a referenced cross section. The measured cross sections have been used to determine expected production yields and compared with the calculated values obtained using the Talys code with default parameters.
Measurement of the Tensor Structure Function b1 of the Deuteron
Airapetian, A.; Akopov, N.; Akopov, Z.; Amarian, M.; Ammosov, V. V.; Andrus, A.; Aschenauer, E. C.; Augustyniak, W.; Avakian, R.; Avetissian, A.; Avetissian, E.; Bailey, P.; Balin, D.; Baturin, V.; Beckmann, M.; Belostotski, S.; Bernreuther, S.; Bianchi, N.; Blok, H. P.; Böttcher, H.; Borissov, A.; Borysenko, A.; Bouwhuis, M.; Brack, J.; Brüll, A.; Bryzgalov, V.; Capitani, G. P.; Chen, T.; Chiang, H. C.; Ciullo, G.; Contalbrigo, M.; Dalpiaz, P. F.; Leo, R. De; Demey, M.; Nardo, L. De; Sanctis, E. De; Devitsin, E.; Nezza, P. Di; Dreschler, J.; Düren, M.; Ehrenfried, M.; Elalaoui-Moulay, A.; Elbakian, G.; Ellinghaus, F.; Elschenbroich, U.; Fabbri, R.; Fantoni, A.; Fechtchenko, A.; Felawka, L.; Fox, B.; Frullani, S.; Gapienko, G.; Gapienko, V.; Garibaldi, F.; Garrow, K.; Garutti, E.; Gaskell, D.; Gavrilov, G.; Gharibyan, V.; Graw, G.; Grebeniouk, O.; Greeniaus, L. G.; Gregor, I. M.; Hafidi, K.; Hartig, M.; Hasch, D.; Heesbeen, D.; Henoch, M.; Hertenberger, R.; Hesselink, W. H. A.; Hillenbrand, A.; Hoek, M.; Holler, Y.; Hommez, B.; Iarygin, G.; Ivanilov, A.; Izotov, A.; Jackson, H. E.; Jgoun, A.; Kaiser, R.; Kinney, E.; Kisselev, A.; Kopytin, M.; Korotkov, V.; Kozlov, V.; Krauss, B.; Krivokhijine, V. G.; Lagamba, L.; Lapikás, L.; Laziev, A.; Lenisa, P.; Liebing, P.; Linden-Levy, L. A.; Lipka, K.; Lorenzon, W.; Lu, H.; Lu, J.; Lu, S.; Ma, B.-Q.; Maiheu, B.; Makins, N. C. R.; Mao, Y.; Marianski, B.; Marukyan, H.; Masoli, F.; Mexner, V.; Meyners, N.; Mikloukho, O.; Miller, C. A.; Miyachi, Y.; Muccifora, V.; Nagaitsev, A.; Nappi, E.; Naryshkin, Y.; Nass, A.; Negodaev, M.; Nowak, W.-D.; Oganessyan, K.; Ohsuga, H.; Pickert, N.; Potashov, S.; Potterveld, D. H.; Raithel, M.; Reggiani, D.; Reimer, P. E.; Reischl, A.; Reolon, A. R.; Riedl, C.; Rith, K.; Rosner, G.; Rostomyan, A.; Rubacek, L.; Rubin, J.; Ryckbosch, D.; Salomatin, Y.; Sanjiev, I.; Savin, I.; Schäfer, A.; Schill, C.; Schnell, G.; Schüler, K. P.; Seele, J.; Seidl, R.; Seitz, B.; Shanidze, R.; Shearer, C.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shutov, V.; Simani, M. C.; Sinram, K.; Stancari, M.; Statera, M.; Steffens, E.; Steijger, J. J. M.; Stenzel, H.; Stewart, J.; Stinzing, F.; Stösslein, U.; Tait, P.; Tanaka, H.; Taroian, S.; Tchuiko, B.; Terkulov, A.; Tkabladze, A.; Trzcinski, A.; Tytgat, M.; Vandenbroucke, A.; van der Nat, P. B.; van der Steenhoven, G.; Vetterli, M. C.; Vikhrov, V.; Vincter, M. G.; Vogel, C.; Vogt, M.; Volmer, J.; Weiskopf, C.; Wendland, J.; Wilbert, J.; Ye, Y.; Ye, Z.; Yen, S.; Zihlmann, B.; Zupranski, P.
2005-12-01
The Hermes experiment has investigated the tensor spin structure of the deuteron using the 27.6GeV/c positron beam of DESY HERA. The use of a tensor-polarized deuteron gas target with only a negligible residual vector polarization enabled the first measurement of the tensor asymmetry Azzd and the tensor structure function b1d for average values of the Bjorken variable 0.01<⟨x⟩<0.45 and of the negative of the squared four-momentum transfer 0.5GeV2<⟨Q2⟩<5GeV2. The quantities Azzd and b1d are found to be nonzero. The rise of b1d for decreasing values of x can be interpreted to originate from the same mechanism that leads to nuclear shadowing in unpolarized scattering.
Study of Coherent {pi}{sup 0}-Photoproduction on the Deuteron
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
El-Zohry Aly, Mohamed Ahmed; Akopov, N. [Yerevan Physics Institute, Br. Alikhanian 2, 0036 Yerevan (Armenia); Darwish, E. [Taibah University (Saudi Arabia)
2010-07-01
In the present paper, we consider the coherent neutral-pion photoproduction reaction on the deuteron in the energy region from pion-threshold up to 1 GeV using an enhanced elementary pion photoproduction operator on the free nucleon and a realistic high-precision nucleon-nucleon potential model for the deuteron wave function. Numerical results for total and differential cross sections are presented for which the sensitivity to various models for the elementary pion photoproduction amplitude is investigated. Considerable dependence of the results on the elementary amplitude is found at photon lab-energies close to threshold and above 600 MeV. In addition, the results of differential and total cross sections are compared with the available experimental data and a good agreement was found. (authors)
Experimental studies of fast deuterons, impurity- and admixture-ions emitted from a plasma focus
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mozer, A.; Sadowski, M.; Herold, H.; Schmidt, H.
1982-01-01
The energy and mass analysis of ions emitted from a 50-kJ, 18-kV, plasma focus machine was performed with a Thomson analyzer. Energy distribution functions of fast deuterons (E> or =350 keV) and those of impurity ions have been determined. The energy distributions of the O, N, and C impurity ions in different ionization states have similar character. They usually increase exponentially and after reaching the maximum at E/Zroughly-equal1.0 MeV they decrease exponentially to E/Zroughly-equal1.8 MeV. For deuterons at lower operating pressures (p 0 + -Ar 7+ ions of energy from 0.5 to 14 MeV are produced
Study of depolarization of deuteron and proton beams in the Nuclotron ring
Golubeva, N Y; Kondratenko, A M; Kondratenko, A M; Mikhajlov, V A; Strokovsky, E A
2002-01-01
The scheme for acceleration of polarized deuterons at the Nuclotron accelerator facility includes a cryogenic polarized deuteron source 'Polaris', a 5 MeV/nucl. linac, a superconducting heavy ion synchrotron of a 6 GeV/nucl. energy with 10 s spill slow extraction, thin internal targets and wide net of external beam lines. This scheme also allows one to generate high energy polarized proton and neutron beams with well determined characteristics. There are two principal problems of polarized particle acceleration: to keep spin orientation during beam acceleration and to produce the high ion intensity sufficient for data taking in physics experiments. The first problem is discussed in this paper. The reasons of depolarization effects in the mentioned parts of the Nuclotron have been analysed and four methods of the polarization conserving have been suggested. They are the spin resonance strength compensation increasing of the resonance strength, the betatron tune jump and the spin tune jump. Among their number, ...
Nuclear effects in the proton-deuteron Drell-Yan process
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ehlers, Peter J. [Univ. Washington; Accardi, Alberto [Hampton U., JLAB; Brady, Lucas T.; Melnitchouk, Wally [JLAB
2014-07-01
We compute the nuclear corrections to the proton-deuteron Drell-Yan cross section for inclusive dilepton production, which, when combined with the proton-proton cross section, is used to determine the flavor asymmetry in the proton sea, dbar - ubar. In addition to nuclear smearing corrections that are known to be important at large values of the nucleon's parton momentum fraction x_N, we also consider dynamical off-shell nucleon corrections associated with the modifications of the bound nucleon structure inside the deuteron, which we find to be significant at intermediate and large x_N values. We also provide estimates of the nuclear corrections at kinematics corresponding to existing and planned Drell-Yan experiments at Fermilab and J-PARC which aim to determine the dbar/ubar ratio for x < 0.6.
Boron nitride elastic and thermal properties. Irradiation effects
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jager, Bernard.
1977-01-01
The anisotropy of boron nitride (BN) and especially thermal and elastic properties were studied. Specific heat and thermal conductivity between 1.2 and 300K, thermal conductivity between 4 and 350K and elastic constants C 33 and C 44 were measured. BN was irradiated with electrons at 77K and with neutrons at 27K to determine properties after irradiation [fr
Elastic scattering phenomenology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mackintosh, R.S. [The Open University, School of Physical Sciences, Milton Keynes (United Kingdom)
2017-04-15
We argue that, in many situations, fits to elastic scattering data that were historically, and frequently still are, considered ''good'', are not justifiably so describable. Information about the dynamics of nucleon-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus scattering is lost when elastic scattering phenomenology is insufficiently ambitious. It is argued that in many situations, an alternative approach is appropriate for the phenomenology of nuclear elastic scattering of nucleons and other light nuclei. The approach affords an appropriate means of evaluating folding models, one that fully exploits available empirical data. It is particularly applicable for nucleons and other light ions. (orig.)
Determination of light elements concentration in aerosols by X emission induced by deuteron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Morales, J.R.; Romo, C.
1983-01-01
Absolute concentrations for Al, Si, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe and Cu were obtained in the range from 10 ng/m 3 to 10 4 ng/m 3 in aerosols from Santiago. A 4,2 MeV deuteron beam was used to induce characteristic X-ray emission. It was found that relative abundance of these elements is maintained for days of high and low total suspended particulates. (Author)
Three-body analysis of 11Li and its β-decay to deuteron channel ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Three-body analysis of 11Li and its β-decay to deuteron channel and to halo analog state. 11Be∗ (18.3 ... a deeper understanding of the two-neutron halo structure, the situation is still far from clear. Previous investigations [7–12] ... tentials for n–n and n-9Li interactions. Our analysis [15] also suggests a marginal role played ...
Selectivity of the nucleon-induced deuteron breakup and relativistic effects
Witała, H.; Golak, J.; Skibiński, R.
2006-01-01
Theoretical predictions for the nucleon induced deuteron breakup process based on solutions of the three-nucleon Faddeev equation including such relativistic features as the relativistic kinematics and boost effects are presented. Large changes of the breakup cross section in some complete configurations are found at higher energies. The predicted relativistic effects, which are mostly of dynamical origin, seem to be supported by existing data.
Cryogenic system of the prototype of the superconducting magnet for a deuteron cyclotron-1
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alenitskij, Yu.G.; Buzdavin, A.P.; Vasilenko, A.T.
1987-01-01
The results achieved in developing a cryogenic system for the superconducting magnet of the deuteron cyclotron are described. The cryogenic system consists of a liquefier-refrigerator with the output 40 l.h, or 150 W of power taken off at 4.5 K, a satellite refrigerator, a cryostat of the superconductiong magnet coil and vessels for liquid nitrogen and helium. Now auxiliary equipment is being mounted and the main parts of the magnet are being manufatured
Spin physics experiments at NICA-SPD with polarized proton and deuteron beams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Savin, I.; Efremov, A.; Pshekhonov, D.; Kovalenko, A.; Teryaev, O.; Shevchenko, O.; Nagajcev, A.; Guskov, A.; Kukhtin, V.; Toplilin, N. [JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation)
2016-08-15
This is a brief description of suggested measurements of asymmetries of the Drell-Yan (DY) pair production in collisions of non-polarized, longitudinally and transversally polarized protons and deuterons which provide an access to all leading-twist collinear and TMD PDFs of quarks and anti-quarks in nucleons. Other spin effects in hadronic and heavy-ion collisions may be also studied constituting the spin physics program at NICA. (orig.)
Test of time-reversal invariance in proton-deuteron scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Eversheim, P.D.; Hinterberger, F.; Bisplinghoff, J.; Jahn, R.; Ernst, J.; Kretschmer, W.; Paetz gen. Schieck, H.; Conzett, H.E.
1995-01-01
A novel (P-even, T-odd) null test of time-reversal invariance is discussed that allows for a accuracy of 10 -6 . The parity conserving time-reversal violating observable is the total cross-section asymmetry A y,xz of proton-deuteron scattering. The measurement is planned as an internal target transmission experiment at the cooler synchrotron COSY-Juelich
Determination of the sign of the deuteron quadrupole coupling constant in the high temperature limit
Gosling, P.; Brett, C. R.; Rabbani, S. R.
1987-05-01
Normally it is impossible to determine the sign of the quadrupole coupling constant in the high temperature limit. However if two nuclei are coupled via the magnetic dipole interaction the characteristic spectra may be modified in such a way that the sign can be determined. This paper discusses the circumstances which are needed to be satisfied by the Hamiltonian describing the form of the interaction between two deuterons and proceeds to describe the features of the deuteron nuclear quadrupole double resonance (NQDR) spectrum which enable the sign to be determined. Comparison with experimental spectra from the crystal hydrates BeSO 4·4H 2O, CH 3COOLi·2H 2O, LiI·3H 2O, LiBr·2H 2O and AlCl 3·6H 2O and the amine groups in adenosine reveals the sign of the quadrupole coupling constant for the first time in the solid state. It is found that the quadrupole coupling constant may be positive or negative depending on the environment of the deuteron sites.
Deuteron beam interaction with lithium jet in a neutron source test facility
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hassanein, A.
1996-01-01
Testing and evaluating candidate fusion reactor materials in a high-flux, high-energy neutron environment are critical to the success and economic feasibility of a fusion device. The current understanding of materials behavior in fission-like environments and existing fusion facilities is insufficient to ensure the necessary performance of future fusion reactor components. An accelerator-based deuterium-lithium system to generate the required high neutron flux for material testing is considered to be the most promising approach in the near future. In this system, a high-energy (30-40 MeV) deuteron beam impinges on a high-speed (10-20 m/s) lithium jet to produce the high-energy (≥14 MeV) neutrons required to simulate a fusion environment via the Li (d,n) nuclear stripping reaction. Interaction of the high-energy deuteron beam and the subsequent response of the high-speed lithium jet are evaluated in detail. Deposition of the deuteron beam, jet-thermal hydraulic response, lithium-surface vaporization rate, and dynamic stability of the jet are modeled. It is found that lower beam kinetic energies produce higher surface temperature and consequently higher Li vaporization rates. Larger beam sizes significantly reduce both bulk and surface temperatures. Thermal expansion and dynamic velocities (normal to jet direction) due to beam energy deposition and momentum transfer are much lower than jet flow velocity and decrease substantially at lower beam current densities. (orig.)
Covariant Spectator Theory of np scattering: Deuteron magnetic moment and form factors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gross, Franz L. [JLAB
2014-06-01
The deuteron magnetic moment is calculated using two model wave functions obtained from 2007 high precision fits to $np$ scattering data. Included in the calculation are a new class of isoscalar $np$ interaction currents which are automatically generated by the nuclear force model used in these fits. After normalizing the wave functions, nearly identical predictions are obtained: model WJC-1, with larger relativistic P-state components, gives 0.863(2), while model WJC-2 with very small $P$-state components gives 0.864(2) These are about 1\\% larger than the measured value of the moment, 0.857 n.m., giving a new prediction for the size of the $\\rho\\pi\\gamma$ exchange, and other purely transverse interaction currents that are largely unconstrained by the nuclear dynamics. The physical significance of these results is discussed, and general formulae for the deuteron form factors, expressed in terms of deuteron wave functions and a new class of interaction current wave functions, are given.
Ford, Samantha J; Delamore, Oliver J; Evans, John S O; McIntyre, Garry J; Johnson, Mark R; Radosavljević Evans, Ivana
2011-12-23
Deuterated 3,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid exhibits reversible temperature-induced deuteron migration of a magnitude unprecedented in this class of compounds. We used a combination of variable-temperature powder and single-crystal neutron diffraction and density functional theory (DFT)-based computational methods to elucidate the origin of this remarkable behaviour. Single-crystal neutron diffraction shows that between 15 and 300 K, the deuteron moves by 0.32(1) Å and the structure changes from a low-temperature N-D···O form to a high-temperature N···D-O form. Variable-temperature powder neutron-diffraction data, which was fitted by using parametric Rietveld refinement, show that this deuteron migration is due to an isosymmetric, first-order phase transition that occurs by growth of the daughter phase in the parent-phase matrix. Similar phase transitions are observed in two selectively deuterated forms of the material. DFT calculations demonstrate the role of phonons and show that vibrational free-energy stabilisation, which plays a key role in the observed structural phase transitions, is more pronounced in the fully deuterated material and proportional to the mass of the molecule, that is, the level of deuteration. This is consistent with our experimental work, for which distinct crystallographic phase transitions were clearly observed for the three deuterated systems, but not for the fully protonated material. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Brachet, Jean-Christophe; Hamon, Didier; Le Saux, Matthieu; Vandenberghe, Valérie; Toffolon-Masclet, Caroline; Rouesne, Elodie; Urvoy, Stéphane; Béchade, Jean-Luc; Raepsaet, Caroline; Lacour, Jean-Luc; Bayon, Guy; Ott, Frédéric
2017-05-01
This paper gives an overview of a multi-scale experimental study of the secondary hydriding phenomena that can occur in nuclear fuel cladding materials exposed to steam at high temperature (HT) after having burst (loss-of-coolant accident conditions). By coupling information from several facilities, including neutron radiography/tomography, electron probe micro analysis, micro elastic recoil detection analysis and micro laser induced breakdown spectroscopy, it was possible to map quantitatively, at different scales, the distribution of oxygen and hydrogen within M5™ clad segments having experienced ballooning and burst at HT followed by steam oxidation at 1100 and 1200 °C and final direct water quenching down to room temperature. The results were very reproducible and it was confirmed that internal oxidation and secondary hydriding at HT of a cladding after burst can lead to strong axial and azimuthal gradients of hydrogen and oxygen concentrations, reaching 3000-4000 wt ppm and 1.0-1.2 wt% respectively within the β phase layer for the investigated conditions. Consistent with thermodynamic and kinetics considerations, oxygen diffusion into the prior-β layer was enhanced in the regions highly enriched in hydrogen, where the α(O) phase layer is thinner and the prior-β layer thicker. Finally the induced post-quenching hardening of the prior-β layer was mainly related to the local oxygen enrichment. Hardening directly induced by hydrogen was much less significant.
Measurement of deuteron spectra and elliptic flow in Pb–Pb collisions at √sNN = 2.76 TeV at the LHC
Acharya, S.; Adamová, D.; Adolfsson, J.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Aglieri Rinella, G.; Agnello, M.; Agrawal, N.; Ahammed, Z.; Ahmad, N.; Ahn, S. U.; Aiola, S.; Akindinov, A.; Alam, S. N.; Alba, J. L. B.; Albuquerque, D. S. D.; Aleksandrov, D.; Alessandro, B.; Alfaro Molina, R.; Alici, A.; Alkin, A.; Alme, J.; Alt, T.; Altenkamper, L.; Altsybeev, I.; Alves Garcia Prado, C.; Andrei, C.; Andreou, D.; Andrews, H. A.; Andronic, A.; Anguelov, V.; Anson, C. D.; Antičić, T.; Antinori, F.; Antonioli, P.; Anwar, R.; Aphecetche, L.; Appelshäuser, H.; Arcelli, S.; Arnaldi, R.; Arnold, O. W.; Arsene, I. C.; Arslandok, M.; Audurier, B.; Augustinus, A.; Averbeck, R.; Azmi, M. D.; Badalà, A.; Baek, Y. W.; Bagnasco, S.; Bailhache, R.; Bala, R.; Baldisseri, A.; Ball, M.C.; Baral, R. C.; Barbano, A. M.; Barbera, R.; Barile, F.; Barioglio, L.; Barnaföldi, G. G.; Barnby, L. S.; Barret, V.; Bartalini, P.; Barth, K.; Bartsch, E.; Basile, M.; Bastid, N.; Basu, S.; Bathen, B.; Batigne, G.; Batyunya, B.; Batzing, P. C.; Bearden, I. G.; Beck, H.; Bedda, C.; Behera, N. K.; Belikov, I.; Bellini, F.; Bello Martinez, H.; Bellwied, R.; Beltran, L. G. E.; Belyaev, V.; Bencedi, G.; Beole, S.; Bercuci, A.; Berdnikov, Y.; Berenyi, D.; Bertens, R. A.; Berzano, D.; Betev, L.; Bhasin, A.; Bhat, I. R.; Bhati, A. K.; Bhattacharjee, B.; Bhom, J.; Bianchi, L.; Bianchi, N.; Bianchin, C.; Bielčík, J.; Bielčíková, J.; Bilandzic, A.; Biro, G.; Biswas, R.; Biswas, S.; Blair, J. T.; Blau, D.; Blume, C.; Boca, G.; Bock, F.; Bogdanov, A.; Boldizsár, L.; Bombara, M.; Bonomi, G.; Bonora, M.; Book, J.; Borel, H.; Borissov, A.; Borri, M.; Botta, E.; Bourjau, C.; Bratrud, L.; Braun-Munzinger, P.; Bregant, M.; Broker, T. A.; Broz, M.; Brucken, E. J.; Bruna, E.; Bruno, G. E.; Budnikov, D.; Buesching, H.; Bufalino, S.; Buhler, P.; Buncic, P.; Busch, O.; Buthelezi, Z.; Butt, J. B.; Buxton, J. T.; Cabala, J.; Caffarri, D.; Caines, H.; Caliva, A.; Calvo Villar, E.; Camerini, P.; Capon, A. A.; Carena, F.; Carena, W.; Carnesecchi, F.; Castillo Castellanos, J.; Castro, A. J.; Casula, E. A R; Ceballos Sanchez, C.; Cerello, P.; Chandra, S.; Chang, B.; Chapeland, S.; Chartier, M.; Charvet, J. L.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chauvin, A.; Cherney, M.; Cheshkov, C.; Cheynis, B.; Chibante Barroso, V.; Chinellato, D. D.; Cho, Sukhee; Chochula, P.; Choi, K.; Chojnacki, M.; Choudhury, S.; Chowdhury, T.; Christakoglou, P.; Christensen, C. H.; Christiansen, P.; Chujo, T.; Chung, S. U.; Cicalo, C.; Cifarelli, L.; Cindolo, F.; Cleymans, J.; Colamaria, F.; Colella, D.; Collu, A.; Colocci, M.; Concas, M.; Conesa Balbastre, G.; Conesa del Valle, Z.; Connors, M. E.; Contreras, J. G.; Cormier, T. M.; Corrales Morales, Y.; Cortés Maldonado, I.; Cortese, P.; Cosentino, M. R.; Costa, F.; Costanza, S.; Crkovská, J.; Crochet, P.; Cuautle, E.; Cunqueiro, L.; Dahms, T.; Dainese, A.; Danisch, M. C.; Danu, A.; Das, D.; Das, I.; Das, S.; Dash, A.; Dash, S.; Dasgupta, S. S.; De Caro, A.; De Cataldo, G.; De Conti, C.; De Cuveland, J.; De Falco, A.; De Gruttola, D.; De Marco, N.; De Pasquale, S.; De Souza, R. Derradi; Degenhardt, H. F.; Deisting, A.; Deloff, A.; Deplano, C.; Dhankher, P.; Di Bari, D.; Di Mauro, A.; Di Nezza, P.; Di Ruzza, B.; Diaz Corchero, M. A.; Dietel, T.; Dillenseger, P.; Divià, R.; Djuvsland, O.; Dobrin, A.; Domenicis Gimenez, D.; Dönigus, B.; Dordic, O.; Doremalen, L. V. V.; Dubey, A. K.; Dubla, A.; Ducroux, L.; Duggal, A. K.; Dupieux, P.; Ehlers, R. J.; Elia, D.; Endress, E.; Engel, H.; Epple, E.; Erazmus, B.; Erhardt, F.; Espagnon, B.; Esumi, S.; Eulisse, G.; Eum, J.; Evans, D.; Evdokimov, S.; Fabbietti, L.; Faivre, J.; Fantoni, A.; Fasel, M.; Feldkamp, L.; Feliciello, A.; Feofilov, G.; Ferencei, J.; Fernández Téllez, A.; Ferreiro, E. G.; Ferretti, A.; Festanti, A.; Feuillard, V. J. G.; Figiel, J.; Figueredo, M. A S; Filchagin, S.; Finogeev, D.; Fionda, F. M.; Fiore, E. M.; Floris, M.; Foertsch, S.; Foka, P.; Fokin, S.; Fragiacomo, E.; Francescon, A.; De Francisco, A.; Frankenfeld, U.; Fronze, G. G.; Fuchs, U.; Furget, C.; Furs, A.; Fusco Girard, M.; Gaardhøje, J. J.; Gagliardi, M.; Gago, A. M.; Gajdosova, K.; Gallio, M.; Galvan, C. D.; Ganoti, P.; Gao, C.; Garabatos, C.; Garcia-Solis, E.; Garg, K.; Gargiulo, C.; Gasik, P.; Gauger, E. F.; Gay Ducati, M. B.; Germain, M.; Ghosh, J.; Ghosh, P.; Ghosh, S. K.; Gianotti, P.; Giubellino, P.; Giubilato, P.; Gladysz-Dziadus, E.; Glässel, P.; Goméz Coral, D. M.; Gomez Ramirez, A.; Gonzalez, A. S.; Gonzalez, V; González-Zamora, P.; Gorbunov, S.; Görlich, L.; Gotovac, S.; Grabski, V.; Graczykowski, L. K.; Graham, K. L.; Greiner, L. C.; Grelli, A.; Grigoras, C.; Grigoriev, V.; Grigoryan, A.; Grigoryan, S.; Grion, N.; Gronefeld, J. M.; Grosa, F.; Grosse-Oetringhaus, J. F.; Grosso, R.; Gruber, L.; Guber, F.; Guernane, R.; Guerzoni, B.; Gulbrandsen, K.; Gunji, T.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, R.; Guzman, I. B.; Haake, R.; Hadjidakis, C.; Hamagaki, H.; Hamar, G.; Hamon, J. C.; Haque, M. R.; Harris, J. W.; Harton, A.; Hassan, H.; Hatzifotiadou, D.; Hayashi, S.; Heckel, S. T.; Hellbär, E.; Helstrup, H.; Herghelegiu, A.; Herrera Corral, G.; Herrmann, F.; Hess, B. A.; Hetland, K. F.; Hillemanns, H.; Hills, C.; Hippolyte, B.; Hladky, J.; Hohlweger, B.; Horak, D.; Sorkine-Hornung, Olga; Hosokawa, R.; Hristov, P.; Hughes, C.W.; Humanic, T. J.; Hussain, N.; Hussain, T.; Hutter, D.; Hwang, D. S.; Iga Buitron, S. A.; Ilkaev, R.; Inaba, M.; Ippolitov, M.; Irfan, M.; Isakov, V.; Ivanov, M.; Ivanov, V.; Izucheev, V.; Jacak, B.; Jacazio, N.; Jacobs, P. M.; Jadhav, M. B.; Jadlovsky, J.; Jaelani, S.; Jahnke, C.; Jakubowska, M. J.; Janik, M. A.; Jayarathna, P. H S Y; Jena, C.; Jena, S.; Jercic, M.; Jimenez Bustamante, R. T.; Jones, P. G.; Jusko, A.; Kalinak, P.; Kalweit, A.; Kang, J. H.; Kaplin, V.; Kar, S.; Karasu Uysal, A.; Karavichev, O.; Karavicheva, T.; Karayan, L.; Karczmarczyk, P.; Karpechev, E.; Kebschull, U.; Keidel, R.; Keijdener, D. L.D.; Keil, M.; Ketzer, B.; Khabanova, Z.; Khan, P.M.; Khan, Shfaqat A.; Khanzadeev, A.; Kharlov, Y.; Khatun, A.; Khuntia, A.; Kielbowicz, M. M.; Kileng, B.; Kim, B.; Kim, D.-S.; Kim, D. W.; Kim, D. J.; Kim, H.; Kim, J. S.; Kim, J.; Kim, M.; Kim, M.; Kim, S.; Kim, T.; Kirsch, S.; Kisel, I.; Kiselev, S.; Kisiel, A.; Kiss, G.; Klay, J. L.; Klein, C; Klein, J.; Klein-Bösing, C.; Klewin, S.; Kluge, A.; Knichel, M. L.; Knospe, A. G.; Kobdaj, C.; Kofarago, M.; Kollegger, T.; Kolojvari, A.; Kondratiev, V.; Kondratyeva, N.; Kondratyuk, E.; Konevskikh, A.; Konyushikhin, M.; Kopcik, M.; Kour, M.; Kouzinopoulos, C.; Kovalenko, O.; Kovalenko, V.; Kowalski, M.L.; Koyithatta Meethaleveedu, G.; Králik, I.; Kravčáková, A.; Krivda, M.; Krizek, F.; Kryshen, E.; Krzewicki, M.; Kubera, A. M.; Kučera, V.; Kuhn, C.; Kuijer, P. G.; Kumar, A.; Kumar, J.; Kumar, L.; Kumar, S.; Kundu, Seema; Kurashvili, P.; Kurepin, A.; Kurepin, A. B.; Kuryakin, A.; Kushpil, S.; Kweon, M. J.; Kwon, Y.; La Pointe, S. L.; La Rocca, P.; Lagana Fernandes, C.; Lai, Y. S.; Lakomov, I.; Langoy, R.; Lapidus, K.; Lara, C.; Lardeux, A.; Lattuca, A.; Laudi, E.; Lavicka, R.; Lazaridis, L.; Lea, R.; Leardini, L.; Lee, S.; Lehas, F.; Strunz-Lehner, Christine; Lehrbach, J.; Lemmon, R. C.; Lenti, V.; Leogrande, E.; León Monzón, I.; Lévai, P.; Li, S.; Li, X.; Lien, J.; Lietava, R.; Lim, B.; Lindal, S.; Lindenstruth, V.; Lindsay, S. W.; Lippmann, C.; Lisa, M. A.; Litichevskyi, V.; Ljunggren, H. M.; Llope, W. J.; Lodato, D. F.; Loenne, P. I.; Loginov, V.; Loizides, C.; Loncar, P.; Lopez, X.; López Torres, E.; Lowe, A.; Luettig, P.; Lunardon, M.; Luparello, G.; Lupi, M.; Lutz, T. H.; Maevskaya, A.; Mager, M.; Mahajan, S.; Mahmood, S. M.; Maire, A.; Majka, R. D.; Malaev, M.; Malinina, L.; Mal’Kevich, D.; Malzacher, P.; Mamonov, A.; Manko, V.; Manso, F.; Manzari, V.; Mao, Y.; Marchisone, M.; Mareš, J.; Margagliotti, G. V.; Margotti, A.; Margutti, J.; Marín, Alicia; Markert, C.; Marquard, M.; Martin, N. A.; Martinengo, P.; Martinez, J. A. L.; Martínez, Isabel M.; Martínez García, G.; Martinez Pedreira, M.; Mas, A.; Masciocchi, S.; Masera, M.; Masoni, A.; Masson, E.; Mastroserio, A.; Mathis, A. M.; Matyja, A.; mayer, C.; Mazer, J.; Mazzilli, M.; Mazzoni, M. A.; Meddi, F.; Melikyan, Y.; Menchaca-Rocha, A.; Meninno, E.; Mercado Pérez, J.; Meres, M.; Mhlanga, S.; Miake, Y.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Mihaylov, D. L.; Mihaylov, D. L.; Mikhaylov, K.; Milano, L.; Milosevic, J.; Mischke, A.; Mishra, A. N.; Miśkowiec, D.; Mitra, J.; Mitu, C. M.; Mohammadi, N.; Mohanty, B.; Mohisin Khan, M.; Montes, E.; Moreira De Godoy, D. A.; Moreno, L. A. P.; Moretto, S.; Morreale, A.; Morsch, A.; Muccifora, V.; Mudnic, E.; Mühlheim, D.; Muhuri, S.; Mukherjee, M.; Mulligan, J. D.; Munhoz, M. G.; Münning, K.; Munzer, R. H.; Murakami, H.; Murray, S.; Musa, L.; Musinsky, J.; Myers, C. J.; Myrcha, J. W.; Naik, B.; Nair, Rajiv; Nandi, B. K.; Nania, R.; Nappi, E.; Narayan, A.; Naru, M. U.; Natal Da Luz, H.; Nattrass, C.; Navarro, S. R.; Nayak, K.; Nayak, R.; Nayak, T. K.; Nazarenko, S.; Nedosekin, A.; Negrao De Oliveira, R. A.; Nellen, L.; Nesbo, S. V.; Ng, F.; Nicassio, M.; Niculescu, M.; Niedziela, J.; Nielsen, B. S.; Nikolaev, S.; Nikulin, S.; Nikulin, V.; Nobuhiro, A.; Noferini, F.; Nomokonov, P.; Nooren, G.; Noris, J. C. C.; Norman, J.; Nyanin, A.; Nystrand, J.; Oeschler, H.; Oh, S.; Ohlson, A.; Okubo, T.; Olah, L.; Oleniacz, J.; Oliveira Da Silva, A. C.; Oliver, M. H.; Onderwaater, J.; Oppedisano, C.; Orava, R.; Oravec, M.; Ortiz Velasquez, A.; Oskarsson, A.; Otwinowski, J.; Oyama, K.; Pachmayer, Y.; Pacik, V.; Pagano, D.; Pagano, P.; Paić, G.; Palni, P.; Pan, J.; Pandey, A. K.; Panebianco, S.; Papikyan, V.; Pappalardo, G. S.; Pareek, P.; Park, J.; Parmar, S.; Passfeld, A.; Pathak, S. P.; Paticchio, V.; Patra, R. N.; Paul, B.; Pei, H.; Peitzmann, T.; Peng, X.; Pereira, L. G.; Pereira Da Costa, H.; Peresunko, D.; Perez Lezama, E.; Peskov, V.; Pestov, Y.; Petráček, V.; Petrov, V.; Petrovici, M.; Petta, C.; Pezzi, R. P.; Piano, S.; Pikna, M.; Pillot, P.; Pimentel, L. O. D. L.; Pinazza, O.; Pinsky, L.; Piyarathna, D. B.; Płoskoń, M.; Planinic, M.; Pliquett, F.; Pluta, J.; Pochybova, S.; Podesta-Lerma, P. L M; Poghosyan, M. G.; Polichtchouk, B.; Poljak, N.; Poonsawat, W.; Pop, A.; Poppenborg, H.; Porteboeuf-Houssais, S.; Porter, J.; Pozdniakov, V.; Prasad, S. K.; Preghenella, R.; Prino, F.; Pruneau, C. A.; Pshenichnov, I.; Puccio, M.; Puddu, G.; Pujahari, P.; Punin, V.; Putschke, J.; Rachevski, A.; Raha, S.; Rajput, S.; Rak, J.; Rakotozafindrabe, A.; Ramello, L.; Rami, F.; Rana, D. B.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Räsänen, S.; Rascanu, B. T.; Rathee, D.; Ratza, V.; Ravasenga, I.; Read, K. F.; Redlich, K.; Rehman, A.; Reichelt, P.; Reidt, F.; Ren, X.; Renfordt, R.; Reolon, A. R.; Reshetin, A.; Reygers, K.; Riabov, V.; Ricci, R. A.; Richert, T.; Richter, M.; Riedler, P.; Riegler, W.; Riggi, F.; Ristea, C.; Rodríguez Cahuantzi, M.; Røed, K.; Rogochaya, E.; Rohr, D.; Röhrich, D.; Rokita, P. S.; Ronchetti, F.; Rosas, E. D.; Rosnet, P.; Rossi, A.; Rotondi, A.; Roukoutakis, F.; Roy, A.; Roy, C.; Roy, P.; Rubio Montero, A. J.; Rueda, O. V.; Rui, R.; Rumyantsev, B.; Rustamov, A.; Ryabinkin, E.; Ryabov, Y.; Rybicki, A.; Saarinen, S.; Sadhu, S.; Sadovsky, S.; Šafařík, K.; Saha, S. K.; Sahlmuller, B.; Sahoo, B.; Sahoo, P.; Sahoo, R.; Sahoo, S.; Sahu, P. K.; Saini, J.; Sakai, S.; Saleh, M. A.; Salzwedel, J.; Sambyal, S.; Samsonov, V.; Sandoval, A.; Sarkar, D.; Sarkar, N.; Sarma, P.; Sas, M. H.P.; Scapparone, E.; Scarlassara, F.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Scheid, H. S.; Schiaua, C.; Schicker, R.; Schmidt, C.; Schmidt, H. R.; Schmidt, M. O.; Schmidt, M.; Schmidt, N. V.; Schuchmann, S.; Schukraft, J.; Schutz, Y.; Schwarz, K.; Schweda, K.; Scioli, G.; Scomparin, E.; Scott, R.; Šefčík, M.; Seger, J. E.; Sekiguchi, Y.; Sekihata, D.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Senosi, K.; Senyukov, S.; Serradilla, E.; Sett, P.; Sevcenco, A.; Shabanov, A.; Shabetai, A.; Shahoyan, R.; Shaikh, W.; Shangaraev, A.; Sharma, A.; Sharma, A.; Sharma, M.; Sharma, M.; Sharma, N.; Sheikh, A. I.; Shigaki, K.; Shou, Q. Y.; Shtejer, K.; Sibiriak, Y.; Siddhanta, S.; Sielewicz, K. M.; Siemiarczuk, T.; Silvermyr, D.; Silvestre, C.; Simatovic, G.; Simonetti, G.; Singaraju, R.; Singh, R; Singhal, V.; Sinha, T.; Sitar, B.; Sitta, M.; Skaali, T. B.; Slupecki, M.; Smirnov, N.; Snellings, R. J.M.; Snellman, T. W.; Song, J.; Song, M.; Soramel, F.; Sorensen, S.; Sozzi, F.; Spiriti, E.; Sputowska, I.; Srivastava, B. K.; Stachel, J.; Stan, I.; Stankus, P.; Stenlund, E.; Stocco, D.; Storetvedt, M. M.; Strmen, P.; Suaide, A. A P; Sugitate, T.; Suire, C.; Suleymanov, M.; Suljic, M.; Sultanov, R.; Šumbera, M.; Sumowidagdo, S.; Suzuki, K.; Swain, S.; Szabo, A.; Szarka, I.; Tabassam, U.; Takahashi, J.; Tambave, G. J.; Tanaka, N.; Tarhini, M.; Tariq, M.; Tarzila, M. G.; Tauro, A.; Tejeda Muñoz, G.; Telesca, A.; Terasaki, K.; Terrevoli, C.; Teyssier, B.; Thakur, D.; Thakur, J. S.; Thomas, D.; Thoresen, F.; Tieulent, R.; Tikhonov, A.; Timmins, A. R.; Toia, A.; tripathy, S.; Trogolo, S.; Trombetta, G.; Tropp, Linda; Trubnikov, V.; Trzaska, W. H.; Trzeciak, B. A.; Tsuji, T.; Tumkin, A.; Turrisi, R.; Tveter, T. S.; Ullaland, K.; Umaka, E. N.; Uras, A.; Usai, G. L.; Utrobicic, A.; Vala, M.; Van Der Maarel, J.; Van Hoorne, J. W.; van Leeuwen, M.; Vanat, T.; Vande Vyvre, P.; Varga, D.; Vargas, A.; Vargyas, M.; Varma, R.; Vasileiou, M.; Vasiliev, A.; Vauthier, A.; Vázquez Doce, O.; Vechernin, V.; Veen, A. M.; Velure, A.; Vercellin, E.; Vergara Limón, S.; Vernet, R.; Vértesi, R.; Vickovic, L.; Vigolo, S.; Viinikainen, J.; Vilakazi, Z.; Villalobos Baillie, O.; Villatoro Tello, A.; Vinogradov, A.; Vinogradov, L.; Virgili, T.; Vislavicius, V.; Vodopyanov, A.; Völkl, M. A.; Voloshin, K.; Voloshin, S. A.; Volpe, G.; Haller, B.; Vorobyev, I.; Voscek, D.; Vranic, D.; Vrláková, J.; Wagner, B.; Wang, H.; Wang, M.; Watanabe, D.; Watanabe, Y.; Weber, M.; Weber, S. G.; Weiser, D. F.; Wenzel, S. C.; Wessels, J. P.; Westerhoff, U.; Whitehead, A. M.; Wiechula, J.; Wikne, J.; Wilk, G.; Wilkinson, J.; Willems, G. A.; Williams, M. C S; Willsher, E.; Windelband, B.; Witt, W. E.; Yalcin, S.; Yamakawa, K.; Yang, P.; Yano, S.; Yin, Z.; Yokoyama, H.; Yoo, I. K.; Yoon, J. H.; Yurchenko, V.; Zaccolo, V.; Zaman, A.; Zampolli, C.; Zanoli, H. J. C.; Zardoshti, N.; Zarochentsev, A.; Závada, P.; Zaviyalov, N.; Zbroszczyk, H.; Zhalov, M.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, Z.; Zhao, C.; Zhigareva, N.; Zhou, D.; Zhou, Y.; Zhou, Z.; Zhu, H.; Zhu, J.; Zhu, X.; Zichichi, A.; Zimmermann, A.; Zimmermann, M. B.; Zinovjev, G.; Zmeskal, J.; Zou, Shui
2017-01-01
The transverse momentum (pT) spectra and elliptic flow coefficient (v2) of deuterons and anti-deuterons at mid-rapidity (| y| < 0.5) are measured with the ALICE detector at the LHC in Pb–Pb collisions at √sNN = 2.76 TeV. The measurement of the pT spectra of (anti-)deuterons is done up to 8 GeV/c in
Statistical mechanics of elasticity
Weiner, JH
2012-01-01
Advanced, self-contained treatment illustrates general principles and elastic behavior of solids. Topics include thermoelastic behavior of crystalline and polymeric solids, interatomic force laws, behavior of solids, and thermally activated processes. 1983 edition.
Kuc, Rafal
2013-01-01
A practical tutorial that covers the difficult design, implementation, and management of search solutions.Mastering ElasticSearch is aimed at to intermediate users who want to extend their knowledge about ElasticSearch. The topics that are described in the book are detailed, but we assume that you already know the basics, like the query DSL or data indexing. Advanced users will also find this book useful, as the examples are getting deep into the internals where it is needed.
Quilliet, Catherine; Quemeneur, François; Marmottant, Philippe; Imhof, Arnout; Pépin-Donat, Brigitte; van Blaaderen, Alfons
2010-03-01
The deflation of elastic spherical surfaces has been numerically investigated, and show very different types of deformations according the range of elastic parameters, some of them being quantitatively explained through simple calculations. This allows to retrieve various shapes observed on hollow shells (from colloidal to centimeter scale), on lipid vesicles, or on some biological objects. The extension of this process to other geometries allows to modelize vegetal objects such as the ultrafast trap of carnivorous plants.
Electron scattering from pyrimidine
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Colmenares, Rafael; Fuss, Martina C; García, Gustavo; Oller, Juan C; Muñoz, Antonio; Blanco, Francisco; Almeida, Diogo; Limão-Vieira, Paulo
2014-01-01
Electron scattering from pyrimidine (C 4 H 4 N 2 ) was investigated over a wide range of energies. Following different experimental and theoretical approaches, total, elastic and ionization cross sections as well as electron energy loss distributions were obtained.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gross, F.; Lightbody, J.
1989-01-01
This report contains papers from a summer workshop of the continuous electron beam accelerator facility. Some topics of these papers are: spectrometers; electron scattering from deuterons; relativistic correlations in nuclear matter; pion production on 3 He and 3 H; quantum electrodynamic processes in crystals; 12 C(e,e'p) x reaction; deuteron polarization tensor and relativistic spin rotation; electromagnetic excitation of nuclei; electron distortion and structure functions in (e,e'p) reactions; and reaction mechanism of 4 He(e,e'p) 3 H
Neutron elastic and inelastic cross section measurements for 28Si
Derdeyn, E. C.; Lyons, E. M.; Morin, T.; Hicks, S. F.; Vanhoy, J. R.; Peters, E. E.; Ramirez, A. P. D.; McEllistrem, M. T.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Yates, S. W.
2017-09-01
Neutron elastic and inelastic cross sections are critical for design and implementation of nuclear reactors and reactor equipment. Silicon, an element used abundantly in fuel pellets as well as building materials, has little to no experimental cross sections in the fast neutron region to support current theoretical evaluations, and thus would benefit from any contribution. Measurements of neutron elastic and inelastic differential scattering cross sections for 28Si were performed at the University of Kentucky Accelerator Laboratory for incident neutron energies of 6.1 MeV and 7.0 MeV. Neutrons were produced by accelerated deuterons incident on a deuterium gas cell. These nearly mono-energetic neutrons then scattered off a natural Si sample and were detected using liquid deuterated benzene scintillation detectors. Scattered neutron energy was deduced using time-of-flight techniques in tandem with kinematic calculations for an angular distribution. The relative detector efficiency was experimentally determined over a neutron energy range from approximately 0.5 to 7.75 MeV prior to the experiment. Yields were corrected for multiple scattering and neutron attenuation in the sample using the forced-collision Monte Carlo correction code MULCAT. Resulting cross sections will be presented along with comparisons to various data evaluations. Research is supported by USDOE-NNSA-SSAP: NA0002931, NSF: PHY-1606890, and the Donald A. Cowan Physics Institute at the University of Dallas.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V. V. Davydovskyy
2016-08-01
Full Text Available In the diffraction approximation generalized to the case of inelastic processes with longitudinal momentum transfer, the reaction of the deuteron break-up on nuclei at medium energies is studied, taking into account the Coulomb and nuclear interactions. The formulas for the calculation of the energy spectra of the emerging protons are obtained up to the second order with respect to the ratio of the deuteron radius to the nucleus radius. Three types of model wave functions of the deuteron were used in the calculations: Yukawa, exponential and Gaussian. The wave function of np-pair in continuum is built orthogonal to the wave function of deuteron. This allows one to take into account qualitatively the interaction in the final state and avoid false contributions to the cross section at near zero momentum transfer. A comparison with experimental data on the break-up of deuterons with energy of 56 MeV on carbon and calcium with the registration of the emitted neutrons and protons at zero angles is carried out. It is shown that the contribution of the Coulomb mechanism dominates in the cross section. The best description of the spectra of protons is achieved by using the Yukawa form of the wave function of the deuteron. It is also shown that taking into account the transfer of longitudinal momentum to the deuteron nucleons improves the experimental data description. In the case of non-zero nucleon escape angles, the effect of taking into account longitudinal momentum can reach several hundred percent.
Orthodontic elastic materials.
Wong, A K
1976-04-01
Latex elastics and synthetic elastomers have certain similarities and differences. In the fracture tests the latex elastics showed a greater amount of loss in strength than plastic elastomers when stretched over a 21 day period. There is a great variability, as much as 50%, in the tensile strength of the plastic materials taken from the same batch and stretched under the same conditions. The Ormco Power Chain was more resilient than the Unitek AlastiK chain. The Unitek AlastiKs had more force and stretched less. The force decay of synthetic elastomers, stretched over a specific length and time, exhibited a great loss in force. This loss could be as great as 73% during the first day. The decay of force continued at a slower rate during the rest of the 21 day period. Unitek AlastiK C2 double links, when stretched 17 millimeters, had a higher initial force averaging 641 grams (22.5 ounces) than the Ormco Power Chain which averages 342 grams (12.0 ounces). In one day the force was reduced to 171 grams (6.0 ounces) for both materials. The elastic materials within the same batch showed a great variation in the modulus of elasticity under different test conditions. The approximate force generated when stretched dry, within the elastic limit, was 22 grams per millimeter for 3/16 inches heavy latex elastics. The Unitek AlastiK C2 gave a force of 89 grams per millimeter, while the Ormco Power Chain had a value of 46 grams per millimeter. The modulus of elasticity of all of the materials was much lower after immersion in the water bath. The force decay under constant force application to latex, elastic, polymer chains, and tied loops showed that the greatest amount of force decay occurred during the first three hours in the water bath. The forces remained relatively the same throughout the rest of the test period. The elastic materials undergo permanent deformation in shape. The synthetic elastomers exhibited plastic deformation when the elastomers were stretched 17
Nonlinear elastic waves in materials
Rushchitsky, Jeremiah J
2014-01-01
The main goal of the book is a coherent treatment of the theory of propagation in materials of nonlinearly elastic waves of displacements, which corresponds to one modern line of development of the nonlinear theory of elastic waves. The book is divided on five basic parts: the necessary information on waves and materials; the necessary information on nonlinear theory of elasticity and elastic materials; analysis of one-dimensional nonlinear elastic waves of displacement – longitudinal, vertically and horizontally polarized transverse plane nonlinear elastic waves of displacement; analysis of one-dimensional nonlinear elastic waves of displacement – cylindrical and torsional nonlinear elastic waves of displacement; analysis of two-dimensional nonlinear elastic waves of displacement – Rayleigh and Love nonlinear elastic surface waves. The book is addressed first of all to people working in solid mechanics – from the students at an advanced undergraduate and graduate level to the scientists, professional...
Peselnick, L.; Robie, R.A.
1962-01-01
The recent measurements of the elastic constants of calcite by Reddy and Subrahmanyam (1960) disagree with the values obtained independently by Voigt (1910) and Bhimasenachar (1945). The present authors, using an ultrasonic pulse technique at 3 Mc and 25??C, determined the elastic constants of calcite using the exact equations governing the wave velocities in the single crystal. The results are C11=13.7, C33=8.11, C44=3.50, C12=4.82, C13=5.68, and C14=-2.00, in units of 1011 dyncm2. Independent checks of several of the elastic constants were made employing other directions and polarizations of the wave velocities. With the exception of C13, these values substantially agree with the data of Voigt and Bhimasenachar. ?? 1962 The American Institute of Physics.
Elastic membranes in confinement.
Bostwick, J B; Miksis, M J; Davis, S H
2016-07-01
An elastic membrane stretched between two walls takes a shape defined by its length and the volume of fluid it encloses. Many biological structures, such as cells, mitochondria and coiled DNA, have fine internal structure in which a membrane (or elastic member) is geometrically 'confined' by another object. Here, the two-dimensional shape of an elastic membrane in a 'confining' box is studied by introducing a repulsive confinement pressure that prevents the membrane from intersecting the wall. The stage is set by contrasting confined and unconfined solutions. Continuation methods are then used to compute response diagrams, from which we identify the particular membrane mechanics that generate mitochondria-like shapes. Large confinement pressures yield complex response diagrams with secondary bifurcations and multiple turning points where modal identities may change. Regions in parameter space where such behaviour occurs are then mapped. © 2016 The Author(s).
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Das, Y.C.; Kedia, K.K.
1977-01-01
No realistic analytical work in the area of Shells on Elastic Foundations has been reported in the literature. Various foundation models have been proposed by several authors. These models involve one or more than one parameters to characterise the foundation medium. Some of these models cannot be used to derive the basic equations governing the behaviour of shells on elastic foundations. In the present work, starting from an elastic continuum hypothesis, a mathematical model for foundation has been derived in curvilinear orthogonal coordinates by the help of principle of virtual displacements, treating one of the virtual displacements as known to satisfy certain given conditions at its edge surfaces. In this model, several foundation parameters can be considered and it can also be used for layered medium of both finite and infinite thickness. (Auth.)
Elastic anisotropy of crystals
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Christopher M. Kube
2016-09-01
Full Text Available An anisotropy index seeks to quantify how directionally dependent the properties of a system are. In this article, the focus is on quantifying the elastic anisotropy of crystalline materials. Previous elastic anisotropy indices are reviewed and their shortcomings discussed. A new scalar log-Euclidean anisotropy measure AL is proposed, which overcomes these deficiencies. It is based on a distance measure in a log-Euclidean space applied to fourth-rank elastic tensors. AL is an absolute measure of anisotropy where the limiting case of perfect isotropy yields zero. It is a universal measure of anisotropy applicable to all crystalline materials. Specific examples of strong anisotropy are highlighted. A supplementary material provides an anisotropy table giving the values of AL for 2,176 crystallite compounds.
Elastic plastic fracture mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Simpson, L.A.
1978-07-01
The application of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) to crack stability in brittle structures is now well understood and widely applied. However, in many structural materials, crack propagation is accompanied by considerable crack-tip plasticity which invalidates the use of LEFM. Thus, present day research in fracture mechanics is aimed at developing parameters for predicting crack propagation under elastic-plastic conditions. These include critical crack-opening-displacement methods, the J integral and R-curve techniques. This report provides an introduction to these concepts and gives some examples of their applications. (author)
Rogozinski, Marek
2014-01-01
This book is a detailed, practical, hands-on guide packed with real-life scenarios and examples which will show you how to implement an ElasticSearch search engine on your own websites.If you are a web developer or a user who wants to learn more about ElasticSearch, then this is the book for you. You do not need to know anything about ElastiSeach, Java, or Apache Lucene in order to use this book, though basic knowledge about databases and queries is required.
Lai, Yun
2011-06-26
Metamaterials can exhibit electromagnetic and elastic characteristics beyond those found in nature. In this work, we present a design of elastic metamaterial that exhibits multiple resonances in its building blocks. Band structure calculations show two negative dispersion bands, of which one supports only compressional waves and thereby blurs the distinction between a fluid and a solid over a finite frequency regime, whereas the other displays super anisotropy-in which compressional waves and shear waves can propagate only along different directions. Such unusual characteristics, well explained by the effective medium theory, have no comparable analogue in conventional solids and may lead to novel applications. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sergio Cesare Masin
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Participants estimated the imagined elongation of a spring while they were imagining that a load was stretching the spring. This elongation turned out to be a multiplicative function of spring length and load weight-a cognitive law analogous to Hooke¿s law of elasticity. Participants also estimated the total imagined elongation of springs joined either in series or in parallel. This total elongation was longer for serial than for parallel springs, and increased proportionally to the number of serial springs and inversely proportionally to the number of parallel springs. The results suggest that participants integrated load weight with imagined elasticity rather than with spring length.
Yu, Betty; Kang, Soo-Young; Akthakul, Ariya; Ramadurai, Nithin; Pilkenton, Morgan; Patel, Alpesh; Nashat, Amir; Anderson, Daniel G.; Sakamoto, Fernanda H.; Gilchrest, Barbara A.; Anderson, R. Rox; Langer, Robert
2016-08-01
We report the synthesis and application of an elastic, wearable crosslinked polymer layer (XPL) that mimics the properties of normal, youthful skin. XPL is made of a tunable polysiloxane-based material that can be engineered with specific elasticity, contractility, adhesion, tensile strength and occlusivity. XPL can be topically applied, rapidly curing at the skin interface without the need for heat- or light-mediated activation. In a pilot human study, we examined the performance of a prototype XPL that has a tensile modulus matching normal skin responses at low strain (pharmaceutical delivery and wound dressings.
Electric dipole moment of the deuteron in the standard model with NN - ΛN - ΣN coupling
Yamanaka, Nodoka
2017-07-01
We calculate the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the deuteron in the standard model with | ΔS | = 1 interactions by taking into account the NN - ΛN - ΣN channel coupling, which is an important nuclear level systematics. The two-body problem is solved with the Gaussian Expansion Method using the realistic Argonne v18 nuclear force and the YN potential which can reproduce the binding energies of Λ3H, Λ3He, and Λ4He. The | ΔS | = 1 interbaryon potential is modeled by the one-meson exchange process. It is found that the deuteron EDM is modified by less than 10%, and the main contribution to this deviation is due to the polarization of the hyperon-nucleon channels. The effect of the YN interaction is small, and treating ΛN and ΣN channels as free is a good approximation for the EDM of the deuteron.
Dual sightline measurements of MeV range deuterons with neutron and gamma-ray spectroscopy at JET
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Eriksson, J.; Nocente, M.; Binda, F.
2015-01-01
Observations made in a JET experiment aimed at accelerating deuterons to the MeV range by third harmonic radio-frequency (RF) heating coupled into a deuterium beam are reported. Measurements are based on a set of advanced neutron and gamma-ray spectrometers that, for the first time, observe...... the plasma simultaneously along vertical and oblique lines of sight. Parameters of the fast ion energy distribution, such as the high energy cut-off of the deuteron distribution function and the RF coupling constant, are determined from data within a uniform analysis framework for neutron and gamma...... around the resonance, which is not correctly portrayed within the adopted one dimensional model. A framework to calculate neutron and gamma-ray emission from a spatially resolved, two-dimensional deuteron distribution specified by energy/pitch is thus developed and used for a first comparison...
Deuteron A(Q2) structure function and the neutron electric form factor
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Platchkov, S.; Amroun, A.; Auffret, S.; Cavedon, J.M.; Dreux, P.; Duclos, J.; Frois, B.; Goutte, D.; Hachemi, H.; Martino, J.
1989-01-01
We present new measurements of the deuteron A(Q 2 ) structure function in the momentum transfer region between 1 and 18 fm -2 . The accuracy of the data ranges from 2% to 6%. We investigate the sensitivity of A(Q 2 ) to the nucleon-nucleon interaction and to the neutron electric form factor G E n . Our analysis shows that below 20 fm -2 G E n can be inferred from these data with a significantly improved accuracy. The model dependence of this analysis is discussed
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jameson, R.A.
1989-01-01
There are many overall system aspects and tradeoffs that must be considered in the design of a deuteron linac based neutron source for materials research, in order to obtain a facility with the best possible response to the user's needs, efficient and reliable operation and maintenance, at the optimum construction and operating cost. These considerations should be included in the facility design from the earliest conceptual stages, and rechecked at each stage to insure consistency and balance. Some of system requirements, particularly that of beam energy variability and its implications, are outlined in this talk. (author)
Giant quadrupole resonance in 12C, 24Mg, and 27Al observed via deuteron inelastic scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chang, C.C.; Didelez, J.P.; Kwiatowski, K.; Wo, J.R.
1977-06-01
Giant quadrupole resonance in 12 C, 24 Mg, and 27 Al was studied using 70 MeV deuteron beam. The results clearly show, in all three targets, resonance-like structures peaked at E/sub x/ approximately 63A/sup -1/3/ MeV, with a width of about 10 MeV. The experimental angular distributions for these resonances agree well with the l = 2 DWBA prediction. For 12 C, a binary splitting was observed, and for 24 Mg, there are indications of finer structure in the main giant quadrupole resonance region
Computer studies of the field for the superconducting magnetic system of the deuteron cyclotron DC-1
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vorozhtsov, S.B.; Dudareva, T.N.; Zaplatin, N.L.; Samsonov, E.V.
1983-01-01
The calculation results are presented concerning the magnetic system parameters for the 90 MeV deuteron cyclotron (DC-1). Dynamic characteristics of the equilibrium orbits have been calculated too. It is shown that stability of the circUlation frequency in the 15-103 MeV energy range is maintained with the accuracy +-2x10 -3 or +-0.03 MHz. Calculations of the pondermotive forces affecting the coil showed that the maximum density of normal and axial forces equals 2.7 MN/m and 0.5 MN/m respectively
Preliminary assessment of interactions between the FMIT deuteron beam and liquid-lithium target
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hassberger, J.A.
1983-03-01
Scoping calculations were performed to assess the limit of response of the FMIT lithium target to the deuteron-beam interactions. Results indicate that most response modes have acceptably minor impacts on the lithium-target behavior. Individual modes of response were studied separately to assess sensitivity of the target to various phenomena and to identify those needing detailed evaluation. A few responses are of sufficient magnitude to warrant further investigation. Potential for several different responses combining additively is identified as the major area requiring further consideration
Measurement of the Spin Structure of the Deuteron in the DIS Region
Ageev, E.S.; Alexandrov, Yu.; Alexeev, G.D.; Amoroso, A.; Badelek, B.; Balestra, F.; Ball, J.; Baum, G.; Bedfer, Y.; Berglund, P.; Bernet, C.; Bertini, R.; Birsa, R.; Bisplinghoff, J.; Bordalo, P.; Bradamante, F.; Bravar, A.; Bressan, A.; Burtin, E.; Bussa, M.P.; Bytchkov, V.N.; Cerini, L.; Chapiro, A.; Cicuttin, A.; Colantoni, M.; Colavita, A.A.; Costa, S.; Crespo, M.L.; d'Hose, N.; Dalla Torre, S.; Dasgupta, S.S.; De Masi, R.; Dedek, N.; Denisov, O.Yu.; Dhara, L.; Diaz Kavka, V.; Dinkelbach, A.M.; Dolgopolov, A.V.; Donskov, S.V.; Dorofeev, V.A.; Doshita, N.; Duic, V.; Dunnweber, W.; Ehlers, J.; Eversheim, P.D.; Eyrich, W.; Fabro, M.; Faessler, M.; Falaleev, V.; Fauland, P.; Ferrero, A.; Ferrero, L.; Finger, M.; Finger, M., Jr.; Fischer, H.; Franz, J.; Friedrich, J.M.; Frolov, V.; Fuchs, U.; Garfagnini, R.; Gautheron, F.; Gavrichtchouk, O.P.; Gerassimov, S.; Geyer, R.; Giorgi, M.; Gobbo, B.; Goertz, S.; Gorin, A.M.; Grajek, O.; Grasso, A.; Grube, B.; Grunemaier, A.; Hannappel, J.; von Harrach, D.; Hasegawa, T.; Hedicke, S.; Heinsius, F.H.; Hermann, R.; Hess, C.; Hinterberger, F.; von Hodenberg, M.; Horikawa, N.; Horikawa, S.; Ijaduola, R.B.; Ilgner, C.; Ioukaev, A.I.; Ishimoto, S.; Ivanov, O.; Iwata, T.; Jahn, R.; Janata, A.; Joosten, R.; Jouravlev, N.I.; Kabuss, E.; Kalinnikov, V.; Kang, D.; Karstens, F.; Kastaun, W.; Ketzer, B.; Khaustov, G.V.; Khokhlov, Yu.A.; Khomutov, N.V.; Kisselev, Yu.; Klein, F.; Koblitz, S.; Koivuniemi, J.H.; Kolosov, V.N.; Komissarov, E.V.; Kondo, K.; Konigsmann, Kay; Konoplyannikov, A.K.; Konorov, I.; Konstantinov, V.F.; Korentchenko, A.S.; Korzenev, A.; Kotzinian, A.M.; Koutchinski, N.A.; Kowalik, K.; Kravchuk, N.P.; Krivokhizhin, G.V.; Kroumchtein, Z.V.; Kuhn, R.; Kunne, F.; Kurek, K.; Ladygin, M.E.; Lamanna, M.; Le Goff, J.M.; Leberig, M.; Lichtenstadt, J.; Liska, T.; Ludwig, I.; Maggiora, A.; Maggiora, M.; Magnon, A.; Mallot, G.K.; Manuilov, I.V.; Marchand, C.; Marroncle, J.; Martin, A.; Marzec, J.; Matsuda, T.; Maximov, A.N.; Medved, K.S.; Meyer, W.; Mielech, A.; Mikhailov, Yu.V.; Moinester, M.A.; Nahle, O.; Nassalski, J.; Neliba, S.; Neyret, D.P.; Nikolaenko, V.I.; Nozdrin, A.A.; Obraztsov, V.F.; Olshevsky, A.G.; Ostrick, M.; Padee, A.; Pagano, P.; Panebianco, S.; Panzieri, D.; Paul, S.; Pereira, H.D.; Peshekhonov, D.V.; Peshekhonov, V.D.; Piragino, G.; Platchkov, S.; Platzer, K.; Pochodzalla, J.; Polyakov, V.A.; Popov, A.A.; Pretz, J.; Quintans, C.; Ramos, S.; Rebourgeard, P.C.; Reicherz, G.; Reymann, J.; Rith, K.; Rojdestvenski, A.M.; Rondio, E.; Sadovski, A.B.; Saller, E.; Samoylenko, V.D.; Sandacz, A.; Sapozhnikov, M.G.; Savin, Igor A.; Schiavon, P.; Schill, C.; Schmidt, T.; Schmitt, L.; Schmitt, H.; Shevchenko, O.Yu.; Shishkin, A.A.; Siebert, H.; Sinha, L.; Sissakian, A.N.; Skachkova, A.; Slunecka, M.; Smirnov, G.I.; Sugonyaev, V.P.; Srnka, A.; Stinzing, F.; Stolarski, M.; Sulc, M.; Sulej, R.; Takabayashi, N.; Tchalishev, V.V.; Thers, D.; Tessarotto, F.; Teufel, A.; Tkatchev, L.G.; Toeda, T.; Tretyak, V.I.; Trusov, Sergey V.; Varanda, M.; Virius, M.; Vlassov, N.V.; Wagner, M.; Walcher, T.; Webb, R.; Weise, E.; Weitzel, Q.; Wiesmann, M.; Windmolders, R.; Wirth, S.; Wislicki, W.; Zanetti, A.M.; Zaremba, K.; Zhao, J.; Ziegler, R.; Zvyagin, A.
2005-01-01
We present a new measurement of the longitudinal spin asymmetry A_1^d and the spin-dependent structure function g_1^d of the deuteron in the range 1 GeV^2 < Q^2 < 100 GeV^2 and 0.004< x <0.7. The data were obtained by the COMPASS experiment at CERN using a 160 GeV polarised muon beam and a large polarised 6-LiD target. The results are in agreement with those from previous experiments and improve considerably the statistical accuracy in the region 0.004 < x < 0.03.
Low-beam-loss design of a compact, high-current deuteron radio frequency quadrupole accelerator
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
C. Zhang
2004-10-01
Full Text Available A 201.5 MHz, 50 mA, 2.0 MeV deuteron radio frequency quadrupole accelerator is proposed as the neutron generator for the neutron experiment facility project at Peking University, China. Based on better understanding of beam losses, some new optimization procedures concerning both longitudinal and transverse dynamics are adopted. Accordingly, the beam transmission efficiency is improved from 91.2% to 98.3% and the electrode length is shortened from 2.91 to 2.71 m. The fundamental physical analyses are performed to look inside the new design recipe and explain why it works.
Nath, R.; El Goresy, T.; Geil, B.; Zimmermann, H.; Böhmer, R.
2006-08-01
Supercooled liquid and glassy acetylsalicylic acid was studied using dielectric spectroscopy and deuteron relaxometry in a wide temperature range. The supercooled liquid is characterized by major deviations from thermally activated behavior. In the glass the secondary relaxation exhibits the typical features of a Johari-Goldstein process. Via measurements of spin-lattice relaxation times the selectively deuterated methyl group was used as a sensitive probe of its local environments. There is a large difference in the mean activation energy in the glass with respect to that in crystalline acetylsalicylic acid. This can be understood by taking into account the broad energy barrier distribution in the glass.
Observable in the reversible reaction gamma + d yields n + p. [photodisintegration of deuteron
Rustgi, M. L.; Vyas, R.; Nunemaker, R. D.
1984-01-01
Calculations are presented on the effect of the two-body charge and current density effects on the observables in the photodisintegration of a deuteron. The computations are performed in a cartesian coordinate system, initially for gamma rays plane-polarized in the x-direction. Unpolarized photons are treated with an incoherent superposition of transition amplitudes for gamma rays polarized in the x- and y- directions. Account is taken of recoil and interaction energies after an initial state is defined. Consideration is focused on the cross section, polarization, and asymmetry of the reaction at low and medium energy incident gamma rays.
Medical Application of the SARAF-Proton/Deuteron 40 MeV Superconducting Linac
Halfon, Shlomi
2007-11-01
The Soreq Applied Research Accelerator Facility (SARAF) is based on a superconducting linear accelerator currently being built at the Soreq research center (Israel). The SARAF is planned to generate a 2 mA 4 MeV proton beam during its first year of operation and up to 40 MeV proton or deuteron beam in 2012. The high intensity beam, together with the linac ability to adjust the ion energy provides opportunities for medical research, such as Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) and the production of medical radioisotopes, for instance 103Pd for prostate brachytherapy.
Dynamic equations of the elasticity theory in metals
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kontorovich, V.M.
1984-01-01
Electron contribution to elasticity forces becomes nonlocal in pure metals at low temperatures, when conduction electron ranges become extraordinary long. Forces, present in equations of lattice motion, are electron distribution functions. Dynamics of conduction electrons becomes essential along with the effect of external magnetic field and self-consistent electric fields. elasticity equat tions are considered in a survey under general assumptions of the modern theory of metals rested upon non-model macroscopic approach. Deformation potential and its symmetric properties and the role of magnetic field symmetry direction are discussed in detail. Effective electron-acoustic wave interaction and the role of electric fields accompanying an elastic wave are considered as an example
Cocco, Alberto; Masin, Sergio Cesare
2010-01-01
Participants estimated the imagined elongation of a spring while they were imagining that a load was stretching the spring. This elongation turned out to be a multiplicative function of spring length and load weight--a cognitive law analogous to Hooke's law of elasticity. Participants also estimated the total imagined elongation of springs joined…
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Slim, J. [Institute of High-Frequency Technology, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Gebel, R. [Institute of Nuclear Physics (IKP), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52428 Jülich (Germany); Heberling, D. [Institute of High-Frequency Technology, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen (Germany); JARA-FAME (Forces and Matter Experiments), Forschungszentrum Jülich and RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen (Germany); Hinder, F. [Institute of Nuclear Physics (IKP), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52428 Jülich (Germany); III. Physikalisches Institut B, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Hölscher, D. [Institute of High-Frequency Technology, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Lehrach, A. [Institute of Nuclear Physics (IKP), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52428 Jülich (Germany); JARA-FAME (Forces and Matter Experiments), Forschungszentrum Jülich and RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen (Germany); III. Physikalisches Institut B, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Lorentz, B. [Institute of Nuclear Physics (IKP), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52428 Jülich (Germany); Mey, S. [Institute of Nuclear Physics (IKP), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52428 Jülich (Germany); III. Physikalisches Institut B, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Nass, A.; Rathmann, F. [Institute of Nuclear Physics (IKP), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52428 Jülich (Germany); and others
2016-08-21
The conventional Wien filter is a device with orthogonal static magnetic and electric fields, often used for velocity separation of charged particles. Here we describe the electromagnetic design calculations for a novel waveguide RF Wien filter that will be employed to solely manipulate the spins of protons or deuterons at frequencies of about 0.1–2 MHz at the COoler SYnchrotron COSY at Jülich. The device will be used in a future experiment that aims at measuring the proton and deuteron electric dipole moments, which are expected to be very small. Their determination, however, would have a huge impact on our understanding of the universe.
Slim, J.; Gebel, R.; Heberling, D.; Hinder, F.; Hölscher, D.; Lehrach, A.; Lorentz, B.; Mey, S.; Nass, A.; Rathmann, F.; Reifferscheidt, L.; Soltner, H.; Straatmann, H.; Trinkel, F.; Wolters, J.
2016-08-01
The conventional Wien filter is a device with orthogonal static magnetic and electric fields, often used for velocity separation of charged particles. Here we describe the electromagnetic design calculations for a novel waveguide RF Wien filter that will be employed to solely manipulate the spins of protons or deuterons at frequencies of about 0.1-2 MHz at the COoler SYnchrotron COSY at Jülich. The device will be used in a future experiment that aims at measuring the proton and deuteron electric dipole moments, which are expected to be very small. Their determination, however, would have a huge impact on our understanding of the universe.
Slim, J.; Gebel, R.; Heberling, D.; Hinder, F.; Hölscher, D.; Lehrach, A.; Lorentz, B.; Mey, S.; Nass, A.; Rathmann, F.; Reifferscheidt, L.; Soltner, H.; Straatmann, H.; Trinkel, F.; Wolters, J.
2016-01-01
The conventional Wien filter is a device with orthogonal static magnetic and electric fields, often used for velocity separation of charged particles. Here we describe the electromagnetic design calculations for a novel waveguide RF Wien filter that will be employed to solely manipulate the spins of protons or deuterons at frequencies of about 0.1 to 2 MHz at the COoler SYnchrotron COSY at J\\"ulich. The device will be used in a future experiment that aims at measuring the proton and deuteron ...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Deutsch, R.; Herold, H.; Kaeppeler, H.J.; Schmidt, H.
1982-07-01
In order to analyse the influence of the deviation from the equilibrium distribution of the fast deuterons on the neutron spectrum, the limiting case, corresponding to a two-dimensional mono-energetic deuteron distribution, was studied. An essential difference in comparison to the equilibrium case is the appearance of a pronounced peak in the side-on spectra at Esub(n)approx.=2.5 MeV. A comparison of the theoretical and experimental data was made. If we take into account the relaxation processes, there results a good agreement between theory and experiment. (orig.)
Non-linear elastic deformations
Ogden, R W
1997-01-01
Classic in the field covers application of theory of finite elasticity to solution of boundary-value problems, analysis of mechanical properties of solid materials capable of large elastic deformations. Problems. References.
Designing interactively with elastic splines
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brander, David; Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas; Fisker, Ann-Sofie
2018-01-01
We present an algorithm for designing interactively with C1 elastic splines. The idea is to design the elastic spline using a C1 cubic polynomial spline where each polynomial segment is so close to satisfying the Euler-Lagrange equation for elastic curves that the visual difference becomes neglig...... negligible. Using a database of cubic Bézier curves we are able to interactively modify the cubic spline such that it remains visually close to an elastic spline....
Study of subnuclear degrees of freedom in electromagnetic break-up of the deuteron
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Arenhoevel, H.
1991-01-01
The role of subnuclear degrees of freedom in terms of meson and isobar degrees of freedom is discussed for the simplest process in nuclear physics, i.e., the electromagnetic break-up of the deuteron. The various theoretical schemes for incorporating such degrees of freedom either explicitly or as effective operators are briefly reviewed. The principle of minimal substitution as a means to construct effective two-body exchange current operators is illustrated and explicit expressions for pion exchange are given. The cross sections for photo- and electrodisintegration of the deuteron are expressed in terms of the t-matrix elements. The different theoretical methods for the calculation of the t-matrix are described and the essential ingredients for the non-relativistic evaluation including the most important relativistic corrections of lowest order are outlined. For specific experiments in photo- and electrodisintegration theoretical results are compared to experimental data and the present status of our understanding of these processes in assessed. (author). Refs, figs
Routes for the production of isotopes for PET with high intensity deuteron accelerators
Arias de Saavedra, F.; Porras, I.; Praena, J.
2018-04-01
Recent advances in accelerator science are opening new possibilities in different fields of physics. In particular, the development of compact linear accelerators that can provide charged particles of low-medium energy (few MeV) with high current (above mA) allows for the study of new possibilities in neutron production and for new routes for the production of radioisotopes. Keeping in mind how radioisotopes are actually produced in dedicated facilities, we have performed a study of alternative reactions to produce PET isotopes induced by low-energy deuterons. We have fitted the EXFOR cross sections data, used the fitted values of the stopping power by Andersen and Ziegler and calculated by numerical integration the production rate of isotopes for charged particles up to 20 MeV. The results for deuterons up to 3 MeV are compared with the ones from cyclotrons, which are able to provide higher energies to the charged projectiles but with lower intensities. Our results indicate that using linear accelerators may be a good alternative for producing PET isotopes, reducing the problem of neutron activation.
Polarized proton and deuteron targets for the usage in intensive proton beams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Get'man, V.A.; Derkach, A.Ya.; Karnaukhov, I.M.; Lukhanin, A.A.; Razumnyj, A.A.; Sorokin, P.V.; Sporo, E.A.; Telegin, Yu.N.
1982-01-01
Polarized proton and deuteron targets are developed and tested for conducting investigations in intense photon beams. A flowsheet of polarization targets which includes: working agent of the target, superconducting magnet, cryostat of 3 He evaporation with 3 He pumping and recirculation systems, SHF system of 4 mm range for polarization pumping, measuring system of target polarization protons is presented. Working agent of the targets includes frozen balls with 1.5 mm diameter. Ethylene-glucol and 1.2-propylene-glycol were used as a working substance for proton targets. Completely deuterated ethylene-glycol was used for the deuteron target. Vertical magnetic field with 2.7 T intensity is produced by a superconducting magnetic system. Polarization pumping is exercised at 75 GHz frequency. Q-meter of direct current is used for determination of polarization. Working temperature of the cryostat is approximately 0.5 K. The lock device permits to exercise replacement of the target working agent during 30 minutes
(Anti-)deuteron production at the LHC with the ALICE-HMPID detector
Barile, F
2015-01-01
The high center-of-mass energies delivered by the LHC during the last three years of operation led to accumulate a significant statistics of light (hyper-)nuclei in pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions. The ALICE apparatus allows for the detection of these rarely produced particles over a wide momentum range thanks to its excellent vertexing, tracking and particle identification capabilities. The last is based on the specific energy loss in the Time Projection Chamber and the velocity measurement with the Time-Of-Flight detector. The Cherenkov tech- nique, exploited by a small acceptance detector (HMPID), has been also recently used for the most central Pb-Pb collisions to extend the identification range of the (anti-)deuteron at intermediate transverse momentum. An overview of the recent results on the (anti-)deuteron production in pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions mea- sured with ALICE experiment are presented, giving a particular emphasis to the description of the Cherenkov technique
Adolph, C; Akhunzyanov, R; Alexeev, M G; Alexeev, G D; Amoroso, A; Andrieux, V; Anfimov, N V; Anosov, V; Augsten, K; Augustyniak, W; Austregesilo, A; Azevedo, C D R; Badełek, B; Balestra, F; Ball, M; Barth, J; Beck, R; Bedfer, Y; Bernhard, J; Bicker, K; Bielert, E R; Birsa, R; Bodlak, M; Bordalo, P; Bradamante, F; Braun, C; Bressan, A; Buchele, M; Chang, W-C; Chatterjee, C; Chiosso, M; Choi, I; Chung, S-U; Cicuttin, A; Crespo, M L; Curiel, Q; Dalla Torre, S; Dasgupta, S S; Dasgupta, S; Denisov, O Yu; Dhara, L; Donskov, S V; Doshita, N; Dreisbach, Ch; Duic, V; Dunnweber, W; Dziewiecki, M; Efremov, A; Eversheim, P D; Eyrich, W; Faessler, M; Ferrero, A; Finger, M; Finger jr, M; Fischer, H; Franco, C; du Fresne von Hohenesche, N; Friedrich, J M; Frolov, V; Fuchey, E; Gautheron, F; Gavrichtchouk, O P; Gerassimov, S; Giarra, J; Giordano, F; Gnesi, I; Gorzellik, M; Grabmuller, S; Grasso, A; Grosse Perdekamp, M; Grube, B; Grussenmeyer, T; Guskov, A; Haas, F; Hahne, D; Hamar, G; von Harrach, D; Heinsius, F H; Heitz, R; Herrmann, F; Horikawa, N; d’Hose, N; Hsieh, C-Y; Huber, S; Ishimoto, S; Ivanov, A; Ivanshin, Yu; Iwata, T; Jary, V; Joosten, R; Jorg, P; Kabuß, E; Ketzer, B; Khaustov, G V; Khokhlov, Yu A; Kisselev, Yu; Klein, F; Klimaszewski, K; Koivuniemi, J H; Kolosov, V N; Kondo, K; Konigsmann, K; Konorov, I; Konstantinov, V F; Kotzinian, A M; Kouznetsov, O M; Kramer, M; Kremser, P; Krinner, F; Kroumchtein, Z V; Kulinich, Y; Kunne, F; Kurek, K; Kurjata, R P; Lednev, A A; Lehmann, A; Levillain, M; Levorato, S; Lian, Y-S; Lichtenstadt, J; Longo, R; Maggiora, A; Magnon, A; Makins, N; Makke, N; Mallot, G K; Marianski, B; Martin, A; Marzec, J; Matousek, J; Matsuda, H; Matsuda, T; Meshcheryakov, G V; Meyer, M; Meyer, W; Mikhailov, Yu V; Mikhasenko, M; Mitrofanov, E; Mitrofanov, N; Miyachi, Y; Nagaytsev, A; Nerling, F; Neyret, D; Novy, J; Nowak, W-D; Nukazuka, G; Nunes, A S; Olshevsky, A G; Orlov, I; Ostrick, M; Panzieri, D; Parsamyan, B; Paul, S; Peng, J-C; Pereira, F; Pesek, M; Peshekhonov, D V; Pierre, N; Platchkov, S; Pochodzalla, J; Polyakov, V A; Pretz, J; Quaresma, M; Quintans, C; Ramos, S; Regali, C; Reicherz, G; Riedl, C; Roskot, M; Rossiyskaya, N S; Ryabchikov, D I; Rybnikov, A; Rychter, A; Salac, R; Samoylenko, V D; Sandacz, A; Santos, C; Sarkar, S; Savin, I A; Sawada, T; Sbrizzai, G; Schiavon, P; Schmidt, K; Schmieden, H; Schonning, K; Seder, E; Selyunin, A; Silva, L; Sinha, L; Sirtl, S; Slunecka, M; Smolik, J; Srnka, A; Steffen, D; Stolarski, M; Subrt, O; Sulc, M; Suzuki, H; Szabelski, A; Szameitat, T; Sznajder, P; Takekawa, S; Tasevsky, M; Tessaro, S; Tessarotto, F; Thibaud, F; Thiel, A; Tosello, F; Tskhay, V; Uhl, S; Veloso, J; Virius, M; Vondra, J; Wallner, S; Weisrock, T; Wilfert, M; ter Wolbeek, J; Zaremba, K; Zavada, P; Zavertyaev, M; Zemlyanichkina, E; Zhuravlev, N; Ziembicki, M; Zink, A
2016-01-01
Single hadron azimuthal asymmetries in the cross sections of positive and negative hadron production in muon semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering off longitudinally polarised deuterons are determined using the 2006 COMPASS data and also all deuteron COMPASS data. For each hadron charge, the dependence of the azimuthal asymmetry on the hadron azimuthal angle $\\phi$ is obtained by means of a five-parameter fitting function that besides a $\\phi$-independent term includes four modulations predicted by theory: $\\sin\\phi$, $\\sin 2 \\phi$, $\\sin 3\\phi$ and $\\cos\\phi$. The amplitudes of the five terms have been first extracted for the data integrated over all kinematic variables. In further fits, the $\\phi$-dependence is determined as a function of one of three kinematic variables (Bjorken-$x$, fractional energy of virtual photon taken by the outgoing hadron and hadron transverse momentum), while disregarding the other two. Except the $\\phi$-independent term, all the modulation amplitudes are very small, and no cl...
A neutrino-induced deuteron disintegration experiment at the Krasnoyarsk nuclear reactor
Kozlov, Y V; Machulin, I N; Martemyanov, A V; Martemyanov, V P; Sabelnikov, A A; Tarasenkov, V G; Turbin, E V; Vyrodov, V N
2002-01-01
The results of studying antineutrino interactions with the nucleus of deuteron (CCD-and NCD reactions) and hydrogen (CCP) at the Krasnoyarsk underground reactor using Deuteron detector is presented. As a results, the cross sections for NCD and CCD were measured with 9% precision, and for the CCP precision is 3%: sigma sub e sub x sub p sup N sup C sup D = (3.35 +- 0.31) x 10 sup - sup 4 sup 4 cm sup 2 /fission sup 2 sup 3 sup 5 U, sigma sub e sub x sub p sup C sup C sup D = (1.08 +- 0.09) x 10 sup - sup 4 sup 4 cm sup 2 /fission sup 2 sup 3 sup 5 U, sigma sub e sub x sub p sup C sup C sup P = (6.39 +- 0.19) x 10 sup - sup 4 sup 3 cm sup 2 /fission sup 2 sup 3 sup 5 U. The precision of the experimental results is close to the theoretical one and is in a good agreement with the other experiments. The limit on the antineutrino oscillation parameters into the sterile state was obtained: DELTA m sup 2 <= 4.7 x 10 sup - sup 2 eV sup 2 , for sin sup 2 (2 theta) = 1.0 (68% C.L.). The comparison of the measured and...
Low-temperature deuteron irradiation of differently reacted Nb3Sn superconductors
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Maier, P.; Seibt, E.
1978-01-01
Irradiation measurements with 50 MeV deuterons at 18 K and subsequent annealing measurements were performed on Nb 3 Sn single and multifilamentary superconductors at the Helium-Bath Irradiation Facility of the Karlsruhe Cyclotron. The critical current densities jsub(c) of Nb 3 Sn bronze-reacted wire samples at various reaction temperatures (Tsub(R)=650,700,750,800 and 850 0 C) with equal layer thickness were measured for integral deuteron fluxes up to PHIsub(t)=0.7x10 18 cm -2 . After a decrease in jsub(c) of 85% at maximum dose a relatively small annealing effect (4 to 10%) was observed at ambient temperatures. The maximum value of the normalized critical current density, jsub(c)/jsub(c0), at PHIsub(t)approximately=10 17 cm -2 increases with increasing reaction temperature. The difference in volume pinning forces before and after irradiation increases less than linear (approximately√PHIsub(t)) with the irradiation dose. An almost linear dependence between the inverse grain diameter (dsub(K) -1 )) and volume pinning force is obtained both before and after irradiation. (Auth.)
Deuteron induced Tb-155 production, a theranostic isotope for SPECT imaging and auger therapy.
Duchemin, C; Guertin, A; Haddad, F; Michel, N; Métivier, V
2016-12-01
Several terbium isotopes are suited for diagnosis or therapy in nuclear medicine. Tb-155 is of interest for SPECT imaging and/or Auger therapy. High radionuclide purity is mandatory for many applications in medicine. The quantification of the activity of the produced contaminants is therefore as important as that of the radionuclide of interest. The experiments performed at the ARRONAX cyclotron (Nantes, France), using the deuteron beam delivered up to 34MeV, provide an additional measurement of the excitation function of the Gd-nat(d,x)Tb-155 reaction and of the produced terbium and gadolinium contaminants. In this study, we investigate the achievable yield for each radionuclide produced in natural gadolinium as a function of the deuteron energy. Other reactions are discussed in order to define the production route that could provide Tb-155 with a high yield and a high radionuclide purity. This article aims to improve data for the Gd-nat(d,x) reaction and to optimize the irradiation conditions required to produce Tb-155. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Cu-62, Cu-64 and Cu-66 production with 4.2 MeV deuterons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Avila, Mario; Morales, J.R.; Riquelme, H.O.
1996-01-01
Full text: The natural copper irradiation with deuterons produces the Cu-62, Cu-64 and Cu-66 radionuclides. Of two radioisotopes, those with deficiencies in neutrons, are applied in nuclear medicine diagnostic processes, mainly for the nuclear characteristic of the decay modes. The positron emitters, of short life mean Cu-62 (9.1 min, β + ) and Cu(12.7 h), are radionuclides applied in radio pharmacological preparation for brain, core, blood flux studies. The radiochemical process consists in the de solution of the irradiated metallic copper target, in acid medium. The result solution, can be neutralized with a base or a buffer at wished pH. Using a deuteron beam of 4,2 ± 0,1 MeV energy has been obtained total yields of 1,103 ± 0,011 μCl/μAh medium for 62 Cu and of 0,148 ± 0,015 μCl/μAh for 64 Cu
Elasticity in Elastics-An in-vitro study.
Kamisetty, Supradeep Kumar; Nimagadda, Chakrapani; Begam, Madhoom Ponnachi; Nalamotu, Raghuveer; Srivastav, Trilok; Gs, Shwetha
2014-04-01
Orthodontic tooth movement results from application of forces to teeth. Elastics in orthodontics have been used both intra-orally and extra- orally to a great effect. Their use, combined with good patient co-operation provides the clinician with the ability to correct both anteroposterior and vertical discrepancies. Force decay over a period of time is a major problem in the clinical usage of latex elastics and synthetic elastomers. This loss of force makes it difficult for the clinician to determine the actual force transmitted to the dentition. It's the intent of the clinician to maintain optimal force values over desired period of time. The majority of the orthodontic elastics on the market are latex elastics. Since the early 1990s, synthetic products have been offered in the market for latex-sensitive patients and are sold as nonlatex elastics. There is limited information on the risk that latex elastics may pose to patients. Some have estimated that 0.12-6% of the general population and 6.2% of dental professionals have hypersensitivity to latex protein. There are some reported cases of adverse reactions to latex in the orthodontic population but these are very limited to date. Although the risk is not yet clear, it would still be inadvisable to prescribe latex elastics to a patient with a known latex allergy. To compare the in-vitro performance of latex and non latex elastics. Samples of 0.25 inch, latex and non latex elastics (light, medium, heavy elastics) were obtained from three manufacturers (Forestadent, GAC, Glenroe) and a sample size of ten elastics per group was tested. The properties tested included cross sectional area, internal diameter, initial force generated by the elastics, breaking force and the force relaxation for the different types of elastics. Force relaxation testing involved stretching the elastics to three times marketed internal diameter (19.05 mm) and measuring force level at intervals over a period of 48 hours. The data were
Introduction to linear elasticity
Gould, Phillip L
2013-01-01
Introduction to Linear Elasticity, 3rd Edition, provides an applications-oriented grounding in the tensor-based theory of elasticity for students in mechanical, civil, aeronautical, and biomedical engineering, as well as materials and earth science. The book is distinct from the traditional text aimed at graduate students in solid mechanics by introducing the subject at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The author's presentation allows students to apply the basic notions of stress analysis and move on to advanced work in continuum mechanics, plasticity, plate and shell theory, composite materials, viscoelasticity and finite method analysis. This book also: Emphasizes tensor-based approach while still distilling down to explicit notation Provides introduction to theory of plates, theory of shells, wave propagation, viscoelasticity and plasticity accessible to advanced undergraduate students Appropriate for courses following emerging trend of teaching solid mechan...
Yu, Betty; Kang, Soo-Young; Akthakul, Ariya; Ramadurai, Nithin; Pilkenton, Morgan; Patel, Alpesh; Nashat, Amir; Anderson, Daniel G; Sakamoto, Fernanda H; Gilchrest, Barbara A; Anderson, R Rox; Langer, Robert
2016-08-01
We report the synthesis and application of an elastic, wearable crosslinked polymer layer (XPL) that mimics the properties of normal, youthful skin. XPL is made of a tunable polysiloxane-based material that can be engineered with specific elasticity, contractility, adhesion, tensile strength and occlusivity. XPL can be topically applied, rapidly curing at the skin interface without the need for heat- or light-mediated activation. In a pilot human study, we examined the performance of a prototype XPL that has a tensile modulus matching normal skin responses at low strain (appearance in a 5-point severity scale. The XPL platform may offer advanced solutions to compromised skin barrier function, pharmaceutical delivery and wound dressings.
Effects of nuclear elastic scattering in magnetic confinement plasmas
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Matsuura, Hideaki
2015-01-01
When the parameter regions of magnetically confined D-T and D- 3 He nuclear fusion plasma are assumed, the nuclear elastic scattering appearing in these plasmas is as follows. The following are quantitatively explained: (1) formation of knock-on tail on the ion velocity distribution function due to nuclear elastic scattering, (2) change in nuclear fusion reaction rate coefficient due to the change in velocity distribution function via nuclear elastic scattering, (3) effects of nuclear elastic scattering on the reaction product ions and neutron emission spectrum, and (4) effects of nuclear elastic scattering on the energy distribution ratio toward the ion group and electron group in the deceleration process of fast ions in the plasma. The formation of the knock-on tail is an energy addition process to the bulk ion group due to the nuclear elastic scattering of fast ions. When nuclear elastic scattering is neglected, the deceleration of reaction product protons is underestimated, and so the equilibrium distribution function of high-speed region is overestimated by up to about 40%. On the other hand, thermal component is underestimated by about 40%. Nuclear elastic scattering possibly affects the trajectory of fast ions in magnetic configuration. (A.O.)
The second Born approximation of electron–argon elastic scattering ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We study the elastic scattering of atomic argon by electron in the presence of a bichromatic laser ﬁeld in the second Born approximation. The target atom is approximated by a simple screening potential and the continuum states of the impinging and emitting electrons are described as Volkov states. We evaluate the S-matrix ...
The second Born approximation of electron–argon elastic scattering ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abstract. We study the elastic scattering of atomic argon by electron in the presence of a bichro- matic laser field in the second Born approximation. The target atom is approximated by a simple screening potential and the continuum states of the impinging and emitting electrons are described as Volkov states. We evaluate ...
Elastic and Thermodynamic Properties of Zirconium and Hafnium ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
65
Key words: Electronic band structure, Elastic properties, Mechanical properties, Ductility, Debye. Temperature. PACS: 61,62,64,71,72,73. 1. Introduction. Refractory materials in the form of intermetallics are used in all major industries, such as electronics, aerospace, automotive, chemicals, mining, nuclear technology, metal.
Methane formation during deuteron bombardment of carbon in the energy range of 100 to 1500 eV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sone, K.
1982-01-01
Methane (CD 4 ) formation rates during deuteron bombardment of carbon (Papyex) have been measured in the energy range of 100 to 1500 eV. The temperature dependence of the methane formation rate is well explained by the model proposed by Erents et al. in the temperature range of 600 to 1150 K. The model, however, does not explain the dependence of the methane formation rate on the flux of incident deuterons at a certain temperature near Tsub(m) at which the formation rate has a maximum value. An alternative model is proposed in which the methane formation rate is assumed to be proportional to the product of the following three parameters: the surface concentration of deuterium atoms, the chemical reaction rate for the formation of methane, and the rate of production of vacancies on the surface by the deuteron bombardment. This model predicts an energy dependence of methane formation which has a maximum around 900 eV even at different deuteron fluxes, when the calculated result by Weissman and Sigmund is used for the surface deposited energy responsible for the production of vacancies. (author)
Elastic properties of Gum Metal
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kuramoto, Shigeru; Furuta, Tadahiko; Hwang, Junghwan; Nishino, Kazuaki; Saito, Takashi
2006-01-01
In situ X-ray diffraction measurements under tensile loading and dynamic mechanical analysis were performed to investigate the mechanisms of elastic deformation in Gum Metal. Tensile stress-strain curves for Gum Metal indicate that cold working substantially decreases the elastic modulus while increasing the yield strength, thereby confirming nonlinearity in the elastic range. The gradient of each curve decreased continuously to about one-third its original value near the elastic limit. As a result of this decrease in elastic modulus and nonlinearity, elastic deformability reaches 2.5% after cold working. Superelasticity is attributed to stress-induced martensitic transformations, although the large elastic deformation in Gum Metal is not accompanied by a phase transformation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Reshak, Ali H.; Jamal, Morteza
2012-01-01
Highlights: ► A new package for calculating elastic constants of orthorhombic structure is released. ► The package called ortho-elastic. ► It is compatible with [FP-(L)APW+lo] method implemented in WIEN2k code. ► Several orthorhombic structure compounds were used to test the new package. ► Elastic constants calculated using this package show good agreement with experiment. - Abstract: A new package for calculating the elastic constants of orthorhombic structure is released. The package called ortho-elastic. The formalism of calculating the ortho-elastic constants is described in details. The package is compatible with the highly accurate all-electron full-potential (linearized) augmented plane-wave plus local orbital [FP-(L)APW+lo] method implemented in WIEN2k code. Several orthorhombic structure compounds were used to test the new package. We found that the calculated elastic constants using the new package show better agreement with the available experimental data than the previous theoretical results used different methods. In this package the second-order derivative E ″ (ε) of polynomial fit E=E(ε) of energy vs strains at zero strain (ε=0), used to calculate the orthorhombic elastic constants.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tarkanyi, F. [Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), H-4026 Debrecen, Bem ter 18/c (Hungary); Ditroi, F., E-mail: ditroi@atomki.hu [Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), H-4026 Debrecen, Bem ter 18/c (Hungary); Takacs, S.; Kiraly, B. [Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), H-4026 Debrecen, Bem ter 18/c (Hungary); Hermanne, A. [Cyclotron Laboratory, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium); Sonck, M. [Federal Agency for Nuclear Control, Ravenstein 36, 1000 Brussels (Belgium); Baba, M. [Cyclotron and Radioisotope Center (CYRIC), Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Ignatyuk, A.V. [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk 249020 (Russian Federation)
2012-03-01
Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Excitation function measurement of deuteron induced reactions on molybdenum up to 50 MeV. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Model code calculations with EMPIRE-D, ALICE-D and TALYS. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Integral production yield calculation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Medical radioisotope production; {sup 99m}Tc and {sup 99}Mo. - Abstract: Cross-sections of deuteron induced nuclear reactions on natural molybdenum have been studied in the frame of a systematic investigation of charged particle induced nuclear reactions on metals for different applications. The excitation functions of {sup 93,94g,94m,95g,95m,96,99m}Tc, {sup 90,93m,99}Mo, {sup 90,91m,92m,95m,95g,96}Nb and {sup 88,89}Zr were measured up to 50 MeV deuteron energy by using the stacked foil technique and activation method. The goal of this work was first of all to study the production possibility of the medically important {sup 99m}Tc, and its {sup 99}Mo parent, to get experimental data useful in accelerator technology, and for testing nuclear reaction theories. The thick target yields and production possibilities of {sup 99m}Tc and {sup 99}Mo were estimated up to 50 MeV deuteron energy, and it is shown that besides the proton induced reactions, deuteron induced reactions on enriched molybdenum target seem to be promising. For most of the reaction products published experimental data for excitation functions are available only up to 20 MeV, and our new values confirm and extend the dataset. The experimental data were compared with the results of model calculations obtained by using ALICE-IPPE-D, EMPIRE-II-D and two versions of the TALYS code resulting in moderate agreement.
Fluid dynamics characteristics of IFMIF Li-jet under deuteron load
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fuertes, F.M.; Casal, N.; Barbero, R.; Garcia, A.; Branas, B.; Riccardi, B.
2006-01-01
IFMIF is an accelerator-based neutron source with the purpose of testing and fully qualify fusion candidate materials. Two 40 MeV deuteron beams, 125 mA current each, strike a target of liquid lithium flowing over a concave back-plate. The deuteron-lithium stripping reactions produce an intense high energy neutron flux which simulates the fusion reactor irradiation. To remove the beam power deposited on it (up to 10 MW), the lithium jet must have a speed around 20 m/s, which may give rise to flow instabilities. However, a stable liquid free surface is a very critical requirement of the target system, otherwise the neutron field could be altered. Therefore, the possible occurrences that could affect the hydrodynamical stability of the lithium jet are being examined in the frame of EFDA Technology Workprogramme. This paper summarizes the studies of the fluid dynamics characteristics of the lithium jet under the deuteron heat load, based on applications of the CFX 5.7 code, a commercial Navier-Stokes equations solver with specific modelling of turbulence, like the classical k - ε among others. Significant effort has been dedicated to develop an optimized and reliable numerical mesh, able to illustrate the behaviour of the lithium free surface and other issues like heat transport along the stream and to the back-plate, and lithium vaporization. First activities were dedicated to explore the effects on the results of a three-dimensional unstructured numerical mesh covering the area from the nozzle upstream the target to the exit of the target region. Subsequently, a more effective approach to this issue has been undertaken by developing a fine two-dimensional mesh along the longitudinal flow direction, with refined areas in the free surface and close to the wall regions. The numerical convergence criteria have been found to be strongly sensitive with respect to small modifications of the adopted unstructured mesh. Owing to the uncertainties associated with modelling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hannaske, Roland
2016-07-01
Between 10 and 1000 s after the Big Bang the first light nuclei were produced from protons and neutrons during Big Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN). The primordial abundances of these nuclei depended on the cross sections of the involved nuclear reactions. Comparisons between results of nuclear network calculations and astronomic observations offer a unique probe of the universe at that time. Experimental data for the p(n,γ)d reaction, which is one of the BBN key reactions, are scarce at the relevant energies. Its reaction rate used in network calculations relies on theoretical models constrained by nucleon-nucleon scattering data, by the capture cross section for thermal neutrons, and (via the principle of detailed balance) by experimental data of the d(γ,n)p reaction. The latter reaction, the photodissociation of the deuteron, is also only sparsely measured at BBN energies (T{sub cm}=20-200 keV). Large experimental uncertainties make a comparison of measurements with precise theoretical calculations difficult. In recent years, the d(γ,n)p reaction and especially the M1 contribution to its cross section have been studied using quasi-monochromatic γ rays from Laser-Compton scattering or electrodisintegration. Traditionally, d(γ,n)p cross sections were measured with γ-decay radiation, which is limited to a few discrete energies, or with bremsstrahlung, which requires an accurate photon flux normalization as well as the detection of one of the reaction products and its energy. Because this energy is relatively low in the BBN range, there has not yet been an absolute d(γ,n)p cross section measurement at T{sub cm}<5 MeV that used bremsstrahlung. The objective of this dissertation is such a measurement with a total uncertainty of about 5 % in the energy range relevant to BBN and up to T{sub cm}∼2.5 MeV with pulsed bremsstrahlung at the radiation source ELBE. This superconducting electron accelerator is located at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and delivered a
Form finding in elastic gridshells
Baek, Changyeob; Sageman-Furnas, Andrew O.; Jawed, Mohammad K.; Reis, Pedro M.
2018-01-01
Elastic gridshells comprise an initially planar network of elastic rods that are actuated into a shell-like structure by loading their extremities. The resulting actuated form derives from the elastic buckling of the rods subjected to inextensibility. We study elastic gridshells with a focus on the rational design of the final shapes. Our precision desktop experiments exhibit complex geometries, even from seemingly simple initial configurations and actuation processes. The numerical simulations capture this nonintuitive behavior with excellent quantitative agreement, allowing for an exploration of parameter space that reveals multistable states. We then turn to the theory of smooth Chebyshev nets to address the inverse design of hemispherical elastic gridshells. The results suggest that rod inextensibility, not elastic response, dictates the zeroth-order shape of an actuated elastic gridshell. As it turns out, this is the shape of a common household strainer. Therefore, the geometry of Chebyshev nets can be further used to understand elastic gridshells. In particular, we introduce a way to quantify the intrinsic shape of the empty, but enclosed regions, which we then use to rationalize the nonlocal deformation of elastic gridshells to point loading. This justifies the observed difficulty in form finding. Nevertheless, we close with an exploration of concatenating multiple elastic gridshell building blocks.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Peterson, G.A.
1989-01-01
We briefly review some of the motivations, early results, and techniques of magnetic elastic and inelastic electron-nucleus scattering. We then discuss recent results, especially those acquired at high momentum transfers. 50 refs., 19 figs
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pacheco de Carvalho, J. A.
2008-08-01
Full Text Available This article involves computer simulation and surface analysis by nuclear techniques, which are non-destructive. Both the “energy method of analysis” for nuclear reactions and elastic scattering are used. Energy spectra are computer simulated and compared with experimental data, giving target composition and concentration profile information. The method is successfully applied to thick flat targets of graphite, quartz and sapphire and targets containing thin films of aluminium oxide. Depth profiles of ^{12}C and ^{16}O nuclei are determined using (d,p and (d,α deuteron induced reactions. Rutherford and resonance elastic scattering of (^{4}He+ ions are also used.
Este artículo trata de simulación por ordenador y del análisis de superficies mediante técnicas nucleares, que son no destructivas. Se usa el “método de análisis en energia” para reacciones nucleares, así como el de difusión elástica. Se simulan en ordenador espectros en energía que se comparan com datos experimentales, de lo que resulta la obención de información sobre la composición y los perfiles de concentración de la muestra. Este método se aplica con éxito em muestras espesas y planas de grafito, cuarzo y zafiro y muestras conteniendo películas finas de óxido de aluminio. Se calculan perfiles en profundidad de núcleos de ^{12}C y de ^{16}O a través de reacciones (d,p y (d,α inducidas por deuterones. Se utiliza también la difusión elástica de iones (^{4}He+, tanto a Rutherford como resonante.