WorldWideScience

Sample records for eile loksa tehase

  1. Kunst elab Kalinini tehases

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Šveitsi ja prantsuse kunstnike Delphine Reisti, Laurent Fauloni ja Sebastien Perroud' installatsioonide näitus "For Songs for Siivi" endises Kalinini tehases Tallinnas. Näitusega kaasnevad viiuldaja Mathieu Werchowski kontserdid. Squat art on kunst, mis tekib ühisolemise produktina ja jääb tegevuskohta näitamiseks

  2. BLRT Grupp ostis Soomes tehase

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    BLRT Grupp ostis Soome laevaremonditehase Turku Repair Yard Ltd. Tehase põhikliendid on Neste, Tallink, Silja ja Viking Line ning Soome riigi jäämurdjad ning aastakäive ligi 300 miljonit Eesti krooni

  3. Rae vald ja Jüri elanikud sõdivad tehnopargi ohtliku tehase vastu / Mari Kodres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kodres, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Ettevõte Stainless Surface Technology OÜ soovib rajada Jüri tehnoparki metallide hapetega töötlemise tehase. Rae valla ehitusameti juhataja Enno Harmipaiga hinnangul on probleem tehase ja elumajade ühine kanalisatsioon

  4. Hõbe ja kuld : Tavasti tehase 75 aastat / Kaalu Kirme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirme, Kaalu, 1928-

    1999-01-01

    Kullassepp Roman Tavastist (1895-1942), Tavasti tehase ajaloost. Valmistatud märkidest, teenetemärkidest, medalitest, spordiauhindadest, ehetest, tarbevormidest. Ettevõttega seotud kunstnikke (P. Aren, E. Järv, G. Reindorff, P. Luhtein, L. Elken, U. Küttner). E. Järve kujundatud spordiauhindadest. Ettevõtte 75. aastapäeva tähistav näitus Tarbekunstimuuseumis

  5. Weroli rajajad süüdistavad Biodieselit tehase enda kätte mängimises / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2005-01-01

    Weroli endised rajajad ja suuraktsionärid arvavad, et Weroli pankrotimenetluse alustamisega üritab Biodiesel tehase hinda alla lüüa, et see siis odavamalt osta. Vt. samas: Weroli advokaat: leping on õigustühine

  6. The Presentation of EIL in Kuwait: Students' Expectations and Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taqi, Hanan A.; Akbar, Rahima S.

    2015-01-01

    The teaching of native-like accents has been the aim of many EFL educationists long ago; however, this concept is heading towards a major change. Hence, the idea of this paper is based on Jenkins' (2000 & 2002) theory of English as an International Language (EIL). Jenkins' theory analyses the use of English by non-natives speakers (NNS) where…

  7. Kalev ja Rae vald tülitsevad tehase reovee pärast / Garel Püüa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Püüa, Garel

    2006-01-01

    Kalevi kommivabriku heitvee reostustase ületab kohati kümme korda tehase ehitamisel taotletud taset, Rae valla veepuhasti ei suuda nii suurt koormust taluda. Kalevi õigusteeninduse juhi Allan Viirma sõnul ei ole vald väljastanud Kalevile reovee eelpuhastite rajamiseks projekteerimistingimusi. Kommenteerib Rae vallavanem Raivo Uukkivi

  8. Kaks firmat soovivad rajada Kiviõlisse nafta töötlemise tehase / Gerli Romanovitsh, Aivar Reinap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Romanovitš, Gerli, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik 23. apr. 2005, lk. 1,4, Severnoje Poberezhje 23. apr. 2005, lk. 1,3. Kaks ettevõtet - OÜ Dreivex Baltic ja OÜ Uus Tehas - on huvitatud toornafta töötlemisega tegeleva tehase ehitamisest Kiviõlisse

  9. A natural frameshift mutation in Campanula EIL2 correlates with ethylene insensitivity in flowers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Line; Hegelund, Josefine Nymark; Olsen, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The phytohormone ethylene plays a central role in development and senescence of climacteric flowers. In ornamental plant production, ethylene sensitive plants are usually protected against negative effects of ethylene by application of chemical inhibitors. In Campanula, flowers...... are sensitive to even minute concentrations of ethylene. RESULTS: Monitoring flower longevity in three Campanula species revealed C. portenschlagiana (Cp) as ethylene sensitive, C. formanekiana (Cf) with intermediate sensitivity and C. medium (Cm) as ethylene insensitive. We identified key elements in ethylene...... signal transduction, specifically in Ethylene Response Sensor 2 (ERS2), Constitutive Triple Response 1 (CTR1) and Ethylene Insensitive 3- Like 1 and 2 (EIL1 and EIL2) homologous. Transcripts of ERS2, CTR1 and EIL1 were constitutively expressed in all species both throughout flower development...

  10. Cultural and Linguistic Imperialism and the EIL Movement: Evidence from a Textbook Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khodadady, Ebrahim; Shayesteh, Shaghayegh

    2016-01-01

    The perspective of English as an International Language (EIL) has been proposed mainly to alleviate the tenets of language and cultural imperialism and, of course, to facilitate communication through different varieties of English. Hence, English language classrooms are the preliminary venue for the inception of such a rudimentary movement.…

  11. Genome-wide analysis suggests high level of microsynteny and purifying selection affect the evolution of EIN3/EIL family in Rosaceae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Yunpeng; Han, Yahui; Meng, Dandan; Li, Dahui; Jin, Qing; Lin, Yi; Cai, Yongping

    2017-01-01

    The ethylene-insensitive3/ethylene-insensitive3-like ( EIN3/EIL ) proteins are a type of nuclear-localized protein with DNA-binding activity in plants. Although the EIN3/EIL gene family has been studied in several plant species, little is known about comprehensive study of the EIN3/EIL gene family in Rosaceae. In this study, ten, five, four, and five EIN3/EIL genes were identified in the genomes of pear ( Pyrus bretschneideri ), mei ( Prunus mume ), peach ( Prunus persica ) and strawberry ( Fragaria vesca ), respectively. Twenty-eight chromosomal segments of EIL/EIN3 gene family were found in four Rosaceae species, and these segments could form seven orthologous or paralogous groups based on interspecies or intraspecies gene colinearity (microsynteny) analysis. Moreover, the highly conserved regions of microsynteny were found in four Rosaceae species. Subsequently it was found that both whole genome duplication and tandem duplication events significantly contributed to the EIL/EIN3 gene family expansion. Gene expression analysis of the EIL/EIN3 genes in the pear revealed subfunctionalization for several PbEIL genes derived from whole genome duplication. It is noteworthy that according to environmental selection pressure analysis, the strong purifying selection should dominate the maintenance of the EIL/EIN3 gene family in four Rosaceae species. These results provided useful information on Rosaceae EIL/EIN3 genes, as well as insights into the evolution of this gene family in four Rosaceae species. Furthermore, high level of microsynteny in the four Rosaceae plants suggested that a large-scale genome duplication event in the EIL/EIN3 gene family was predated to speciation.

  12. Genome-wide analysis suggests high level of microsynteny and purifying selection affect the evolution of EIN3/EIL family in Rosaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunpeng Cao

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The ethylene-insensitive3/ethylene-insensitive3-like (EIN3/EIL proteins are a type of nuclear-localized protein with DNA-binding activity in plants. Although the EIN3/EIL gene family has been studied in several plant species, little is known about comprehensive study of the EIN3/EIL gene family in Rosaceae. In this study, ten, five, four, and five EIN3/EIL genes were identified in the genomes of pear (Pyrus bretschneideri, mei (Prunus mume, peach (Prunus persica and strawberry (Fragaria vesca, respectively. Twenty-eight chromosomal segments of EIL/EIN3 gene family were found in four Rosaceae species, and these segments could form seven orthologous or paralogous groups based on interspecies or intraspecies gene colinearity (microsynteny analysis. Moreover, the highly conserved regions of microsynteny were found in four Rosaceae species. Subsequently it was found that both whole genome duplication and tandem duplication events significantly contributed to the EIL/EIN3 gene family expansion. Gene expression analysis of the EIL/EIN3 genes in the pear revealed subfunctionalization for several PbEIL genes derived from whole genome duplication. It is noteworthy that according to environmental selection pressure analysis, the strong purifying selection should dominate the maintenance of the EIL/EIN3 gene family in four Rosaceae species. These results provided useful information on Rosaceae EIL/EIN3 genes, as well as insights into the evolution of this gene family in four Rosaceae species. Furthermore, high level of microsynteny in the four Rosaceae plants suggested that a large-scale genome duplication event in the EIL/EIN3 gene family was predated to speciation.

  13. Salt-induced stabilization of EIN3/EIL1 confers salinity tolerance by deterring ROS accumulation in Arabidopsis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinying Peng

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Ethylene has been regarded as a stress hormone to regulate myriad stress responses. Salinity stress is one of the most serious abiotic stresses limiting plant growth and development. But how ethylene signaling is involved in plant response to salt stress is poorly understood. Here we showed that Arabidopsis plants pretreated with ethylene exhibited enhanced tolerance to salt stress. Gain- and loss-of-function studies demonstrated that EIN3 (ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE 3 and EIL1 (EIN3-LIKE 1, two ethylene-activated transcription factors, are necessary and sufficient for the enhanced salt tolerance. High salinity induced the accumulation of EIN3/EIL1 proteins by promoting the proteasomal degradation of two EIN3/EIL1-targeting F-box proteins, EBF1 and EBF2, in an EIN2-independent manner. Whole-genome transcriptome analysis identified a list of SIED (Salt-Induced and EIN3/EIL1-Dependent genes that participate in salt stress responses, including several genes encoding reactive oxygen species (ROS scavengers. We performed a genetic screen for ein3 eil1-like salt-hypersensitive mutants and identified 5 EIN3 direct target genes including a previously unknown gene, SIED1 (At5g22270, which encodes a 93-amino acid polypeptide involved in ROS dismissal. We also found that activation of EIN3 increased peroxidase (POD activity through the direct transcriptional regulation of PODs expression. Accordingly, ethylene pretreatment or EIN3 activation was able to preclude excess ROS accumulation and increased tolerance to salt stress. Taken together, our study provides new insights into the molecular action of ethylene signaling to enhance plant salt tolerance, and elucidates the transcriptional network of EIN3 in salt stress response.

  14. The Wheat Mediator Subunit TaMED25 Interacts with the Transcription Factor TaEIL1 to Negatively Regulate Disease Resistance against Powdery Mildew1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tianren; Jia, Jizeng; Sun, Jiaqiang

    2016-01-01

    Powdery mildew, caused by the biotrophic fungal pathogen Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, is a major limitation for the production of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). However, to date, the transcriptional regulation of bread wheat defense against powdery mildew remains largely unknown. Here, we report the function and molecular mechanism of the bread wheat Mediator subunit 25 (TaMED25) in regulating the bread wheat immune response signaling pathway. Three homoalleles of TaMED25 from bread wheat were identified and mapped to chromosomes 5A, 5B, and 5D, respectively. We show that knockdown of TaMED25 by barley stripe mosaic virus-induced gene silencing reduced bread wheat susceptibility to the powdery mildew fungus during the compatible plant-pathogen interaction. Moreover, our results indicate that MED25 may play a conserved role in regulating bread wheat and barley (Hordeum vulgare) susceptibility to powdery mildew. Similarly, bread wheat ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3-LIKE1 (TaEIL1), an ortholog of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3, negatively regulates bread wheat resistance against powdery mildew. Using various approaches, we demonstrate that the conserved activator-interacting domain of TaMED25 interacts physically with the separate amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions of TaEIL1, contributing to the transcriptional activation activity of TaEIL1. Furthermore, we show that TaMED25 and TaEIL1 synergistically activate ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR1 (TaERF1) transcription to modulate bread wheat basal disease resistance to B. graminis f. sp. tritici by repressing the expression of pathogenesis-related genes and deterring the accumulation of reactive oxygen species. Collectively, we identify the TaMED25-TaEIL1-TaERF1 signaling module as a negative regulator of bread wheat resistance to powdery mildew. PMID:26813794

  15. The Wheat Mediator Subunit TaMED25 Interacts with the Transcription Factor TaEIL1 to Negatively Regulate Disease Resistance against Powdery Mildew.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jie; Zhang, Tianren; Jia, Jizeng; Sun, Jiaqiang

    2016-03-01

    Powdery mildew, caused by the biotrophic fungal pathogen Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, is a major limitation for the production of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). However, to date, the transcriptional regulation of bread wheat defense against powdery mildew remains largely unknown. Here, we report the function and molecular mechanism of the bread wheat Mediator subunit 25 (TaMED25) in regulating the bread wheat immune response signaling pathway. Three homoalleles of TaMED25 from bread wheat were identified and mapped to chromosomes 5A, 5B, and 5D, respectively. We show that knockdown of TaMED25 by barley stripe mosaic virus-induced gene silencing reduced bread wheat susceptibility to the powdery mildew fungus during the compatible plant-pathogen interaction. Moreover, our results indicate that MED25 may play a conserved role in regulating bread wheat and barley (Hordeum vulgare) susceptibility to powdery mildew. Similarly, bread wheat ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3-LIKE1 (TaEIL1), an ortholog of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3, negatively regulates bread wheat resistance against powdery mildew. Using various approaches, we demonstrate that the conserved activator-interacting domain of TaMED25 interacts physically with the separate amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions of TaEIL1, contributing to the transcriptional activation activity of TaEIL1. Furthermore, we show that TaMED25 and TaEIL1 synergistically activate ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR1 (TaERF1) transcription to modulate bread wheat basal disease resistance to B. graminis f. sp. tritici by repressing the expression of pathogenesis-related genes and deterring the accumulation of reactive oxygen species. Collectively, we identify the TaMED25-TaEIL1-TaERF1 signaling module as a negative regulator of bread wheat resistance to powdery mildew. © 2016 American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved.

  16. To control and to be controlled – understanding the Arabidopsis SLIM1 function in sulfur deficiency through comprehensive investigation of the EIL protein family.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna eWawrzyńska

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available SSLIM1, a member of the EIN3-like (EIL family of transcription factors in Arabidopsis, is the regulator of many sulfur-deficiency responsive genes. Among the five other proteins of the family, three regulate ethylene responses and two have unassigned functions. Contrary to the well-defined ethylene signaling, the pathway leading from sensing sulfate status to the activation of its acquisition via SLIM1 is completely unknown. SLIM1 binds to the 20 nt-long specific UPE-box sequence; however, it also recognizes the shorter TEIL sequence, unique for the whole EIL family. SLIM1 takes part in the upregulation and downregulation of various sulfur metabolism genes, but also it controls the degradation of glucosinolates under sulfur deficient conditions. Besides facilitating the increased flux through the sulfate assimilation pathway, SLIM1 induces microRNA395, specifically targeting ATP sulfurylases and a low-affinity sulfate transporter, SULTR2;1, thus affecting sulfate translocation to the shoot. Here, we briefly review the identification, structural characteristics and molecular function of SLIM1 from the perspective of the whole EIL protein family.

  17. Pronunciation Issues and Varieties of English from an EIL Perspective: A Survey of Outer and Expanding Circle Learners’ Beliefs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Monfared

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In a globalized era where English keeps the position of an international language, learnt and spoken by lots of people from diverse linguistic, cultural and national backgrounds, there is a need for a new perspective towards English as an international language which can bridge notions and cultures. The appearance of varieties of English is the consequence of the global dissemination of English. Based on a combination of quantitative and qualitative data using a semi-structured questionnaire (see Appendix A administered to 60 Iranian learners from expanding circle and 60 Indian learners from outer circle, this study surveyed the developing picture of EIL pronunciation and evaluation of different varieties of English from the perspective of learners from two circles which include the most users of English in the globalized world. The results of the questionnaires supplemented by interviews with leaners from expanding and outer circles revealed that expanding-circle learners like more to have a native-like identity with their preference towards nativism. The implications on the findings on the spread of native speaker norms and the status of ELF and its reflections in learning and teaching in expanding and outer circle countries are discussed.

  18. Excavating Ireland’s Contemporary Heritage in Eilís Ní Dhuibhne’s The Bray House

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constanza del Río-Álvaro

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Eilís Ní Dhuibhne’s first novel, The Bray House (1990, is a futuristic, dystopian fantasy that envisions Ireland, Great Britain and most of Western Europe  —  except for the northern territories  —  as already laid waste by nuclear disaster in an unspecified near future. In this paper, my intention is to consider how the narrative, like other futuristic and science-fiction stories, displaces the present onto an apocalyptic future so as to bring out and criticise present-day social, cultural and political trends, particularly, the institutional tendency in Ireland to package and market History as Heritage. Some of the issues raised by the novel which will be addressed here are: For what purposes and from what perspective and attitude is the past interpreted and translated? What happens when it is precisely our treasured lifestyles that we see dissected, interpreted and analysed as if they already formed part of an arcane past? How can we feel the sense of nostalgia that heritage-based analyses imply if we are asked to mourn what we have not yet lost?

  19. Molecular characterization of banana NAC transcription factors and their interactions with ethylene signalling component EIL during fruit ripening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, Wei; Kuang, Jian-fei; Chen, Lei; Xie, Hui; Peng, Huan-huan; Xiao, Yun-yi; Li, Xue-ping; Chen, Wei-xin; He, Quan-guang; Chen, Jian-ye; Lu, Wang-jin

    2012-09-01

    The plant-specific NAC (NAM, ATAF1/2, and CUC2) transcription factors (TFs) play important roles in plant growth, development, and stress responses. However, the precise role of NAC TFs in relation to fruit ripening is poorly understood. In this study, six NAC genes, designated MaNAC1-MaNAC6, were isolated and characterized from banana fruit. Subcellular localization showed that MaNAC1-MaNAC5 proteins localized preferentially to the nucleus, while MaNAC6 was distributed throughout the entire cell. A transactivation assay in yeast demonstrated that MaNAC4 and MaNAC6, as well as their C-terminal regions, possessed trans-activation activity. Gene expression profiles in fruit with four different ripening characteristics, including natural, ethylene-induced, 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP)-delayed, and a combination of 1-MCP with ethylene treatment, revealed that the MaNAC genes were differentially expressed in peel and pulp during post-harvest ripening. MaNAC1 and MaNAC2 were apparently upregulated by ethylene in peel and pulp, consistent with the increase in ethylene production. In contrast, MaNAC3 in peel and pulp and MaNAC5 in peel were constitutively expressed, and transcripts of MaNAC4 in peel and pulp and MaNAC6 in peel decreased, while MaNAC5 or MaNAC6 in pulp increased slightly during fruit ripening. Furthermore, the MaNAC2 promoter was activated after ethylene application, further enhancing the involvement of MaNAC2 in fruit ripening. More importantly, yeast two-hybrid and bimolecular fluorescence complementation analyses confirmed that MaNAC1/2 physically interacted with a downstream component of ethylene signalling, ethylene insensitive 3 (EIN3)-like protein, termed MaEIL5, which was downregulated during ripening. Taken together, these results suggest that MaNACs such as MaNAC1/MaNAC2, may be involved in banana fruit ripening via interaction with ethylene signalling components.

  20. Eile avati Rotermanni soolalaos...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    IV Põhja- ja Baltimaade arhitektuuritriennaal "Vaba kulg", mis on keskendunud looja vabadusele ja loenguprogramm 16.-18. sept. Rahvusvaheliselt tuntud arhitektuuriteoreetikuid triennaalil ئ Frei Otto Saksamaalt ja Hani Rashid USAst

  1. Prantsuse kunstnikud asustasid vana tehase / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse kunstnike (Delphine Reist, Laurent Faulon, Sebastien Perroud) ja viiuldaja Mathieu Werchowsky Tallinnas valminud installatsiooninäitus "Neli laulu Siivile" vanas Kalinini tehasehoones 7.-12. juunini

  2. HIV-ravim võis saastuda tehases / Agnes Kuus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuus, Agnes

    2007-01-01

    Keemiliselt saastunud HIV-ravimi Viracept sattumine Eestisse on vähetõenäoline, kuid ohutuse huvides korjatakse kõik ravimid patsientide käest tagasi ning asendatakse ravimifirma kulul. Lisa: HIVi ravi

  3. Aktsiate hinnad languses, tehased kinni, elektrit napib / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2011-01-01

    Jaapani keskpank paiskas rahaturgudele 140 mld. eurot lootuses, et pangad jätkavad laenamist. Esialgsed hinnangud maavärina ja tsunami tekitatud kahju kohta ulatuvad enam kui 100 mld. dollarist 200 mld. dollarini, millele lisanduvad veel ettevõtete kahjumid. Nissan, Toyota ja Honda on peatanud tootmise

  4. Tehases Polymer valmistatakse kummilelude asemel kultuuri / Mari Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Mari

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna Kristiine linnaosas tegutsevast loovinimeste koondumispaigast kultuuritehasest Polymer. Kultuuritehases töötavad maalikunstnik Alice Kask, skulptor Neeme Külm, teatrikunstnik Mae Kivilo, filmikunstnik Mare Raidma. Vaata ka www.kultuuritehas.ee

  5. Kosmosesse lendas eile esimene naisturist / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 19. sept., lk. 10. Vene rakett Sojuz viis ilmaruumi esimese naissoost kosmoseturisti, Iraani päritolu ameeriklanna Anoushen Ansari. Kümnepäevase reisi jooksul viib ta läbi mitu teaduskatset. Lisaks nimekiri: Kosmoseturistid

  6. Linguistic Imperialism, Cultural Integrity, and EIL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modiano, Marko

    2001-01-01

    Argues that while linguistic imperialism is real and needs to be addressed, one way for the language instructor to come to terms with the cultural imposition of English language teaching is to define English as an international language. Suggests promoting "prestige varieties" positions the practitioner as purveyor of Anglo-American hegemony and…

  7. Meλetai versificatoriae generosorum iuvenum Andrea et Alexandri Chodcievitiorum – exemplum scholasticae poeseos christianae Europeae. Kilmingųjų jaunuolių Andriaus ir Aleksandro Chodkevičių eilėdarinės Meλetai – Europos krikščioniškos mokyklinės poezijos pavyzdys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomas Veteikis

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Straipsnyje, kuris parengtas pagal pranešimą, skaitytą 2008 m. lapkričio 12–15 d. Vilniaus universitete vykusioje konferencijoje Colloquium Balticum VIII Vilnense, pristatomas Lietuvoje mažai žinomas lei­dinys, parengtas vokiečių poeto ir filologo Johano Milijaus, išleistas 1568 m. Leipcige su sudėtine antrašte: Iohannis Mylii Libenrodensis, Poetae lau­reati, Cato Graecolatinus. Praecipua Christianae pietatis Capita. Mel#tai D. Andreae & D. Alexandri Chodcieuitiorum, illustrium magni Lithuaniae Duca­tus Equitum. Omnia in gratiam studiosae iuuentutis publicata. Cum Gratia & Priuilegio Caesareo. M. D. LXVIII. Gilinamasi į nedidelę leidinio dalį, apimančią LDK didiko, Trakų ir Vilniaus pilininko, Lietuvos ir Lenkijos didžiojo etmono Grigo Chodkevičiaus sūnų Andriaus ir Aleksandro, kuriuos tėvo dvare mokė ir į mokslus lydėjo tas pats J. Milijus, lotyniškus eilėraš­čius, aptariama jų tematika, santykis su kitais leidinio tekstais, stilistinės ypatybės, pateikiama pastebėjimų dėl imitacijos ir originalumo. Aptariamieji jaunųjų Chodkevičių tekstai iliustruoja lotynų kalbos, tikėjimo pagrindų ir krikščioniškos etikos įsisavinimo litera­tūrinėmis priemonėmis mechanizmą, būdingą XVI a. Europos švietimui. Kalbos mokymasis neatsiejamas nuo tikybos ir kasdieninio elgesio taisyklių; šios temos vyrauja Chodkevičių eilėse. Vis dėlto vienas kitas kūrinėlis nutolsta nuo religijos ir liturgijos, paliečia universalius gyvenimo dėsnius, minėtus Antikos iš­minčių, filosofų ir poetų. Straipsnyje pateikiama viena kita įžvalga dėl lietuviškos tematikos. Antai Andriaus Chodkevičiaus eilėraštyje Anacharsis Hannoni, su­kurtame kaip Cicerono Tuskulo disputų epizodo (Cic. Tusc. 5, 32, 90 parafrazė, galima regėti tuometinių lietuvių ir totorių papročių analizės, reikštos XVI a. publicistiniuose Mykolo Lietuvio, Augustino Rotundo ir kt. veikaluose, atgarsių. Straipsnyje atkreipiamas

  8. Pushkini näitemäng hüljatud tehases

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    12. ja 13. juunil etendab MTÜ Arena A. Pushkini näitemängu "Kivist külaline". Osades esinevad Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi ja Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli režii õppetooli teatriüliõpilastest diplomandid, lavastaja R. Annus

  9. Hydraulic Hybrid Propulsion for Heavy Vehicles: Combining the Simulation and Engine-In-the-Loop Techniques to Maximize the Fuel Economy and Emission Benefits Propulsion hybride hydraulique des poids lourds : une approche alliant les techniques de simulation et d’« Engine-In-the-loop » (EIL afin de maximiser les économies de carburant et les avantages en termes d’émissions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipi Z.

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The global energy situation, the dependence of the transportation sector on fossil fuels, and a need for a rapid response to the global warming challenge, provide a strong impetus for development of fuel efficient vehicle propulsion. The task is particularly challenging in the case of trucks due to severe weight/size constraints. Hybridization is the only approach offering significant breakthroughs in near and mid-term. In particular, the series configuration decouples the engine from the wheels and allows full flexibility in controlling the engine operation, while the hydraulic energy conversion and storage provides exceptional power density and efficiency. The challenge stems from a relatively low energy density of the hydraulic accumulator. This places particular emphasis on development of the supervisory controller. The conventional wisdom is to operate the engine at the “sweet spot”, but the aggressive pursuit of engine efficiency as the sole objective can lead to frequent and rapid diesel engine transients, thus causing an adverse affect on the soot emissions and driver feel. Therefore, we propose a comprehensive methodology for considering a combined hybrid system fuel-economy and emissions objective. The fuel economy is addressed with the simulation-based approach, while investigating the impact of engine transients on particulate emission relies on the Engine-In-the-loop (EIL capability. The EIL study confirms advantages of a modulated state-of-charge control over the thermostatic approach, and demonstrates the ability of the Series Hydraulic Hybrid to improve the fuel economy of the medium truck by 72%, while reducing the particulate emission by 74% compared to the conventional baseline over the city driving schedule. La situation énergétique mondiale, la dépendance du secteur des transports vis-à-vis des combustibles d’origine fossile et la nécessité d’une réponse rapide face au défi présenté par le r

  10. Uus Eesti film pandi eile Karlovy Varys projektorisse / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    8. juulil esilinastus Karlovy Vary filmifestivalil Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest". Film võistleb võistlusprogrammis "East of the West"

  11. Maailma kõrgeim pilvelõhkuja sai eile nurgakivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    4. VII pandi New Yorgis nurgakivi pilvelõhkuja ehitusele, mis peab asendama hävinud Maailma Kaubanduskeskust. 541 meetri kõrgune (1776 jalga) Vabadustorn peaks valmima 2009. aastaks. Projekti kavandas Daniel Libeskind

  12. Animated Dreamsi festivali parimad said eile auhinnad / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2010-01-01

    12. animafilmide festivali Animated Dreams grand prix' pälvis Kei Oyama film "Käeseep" (Jaapan, 2008). Parima disaini preemia sai Jonas Odelli "Tussilago" (Rootsi, 2010). Parima loo jutustas Olga ja Priit Pärna "Tuukrid vihmas" (Eesti, 2009). Teistest preemiatest

  13. United Motors avas eile 100miljonilise BMW keskuse / Hille Tressum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tressum, Hille

    2008-01-01

    United Motors avas Tallinna läheduses uue, 100 miljonit krooni maksma läinud BMW autokeskuse, lisaks salongile asub keskuses ka remonditöökoda, milles ettevõtte juht Ants Kanter näeb peamist sissetulekuallikat. Lisa: Taust

  14. USA dollar langes eile alla 12 krooni / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Odavast dollarist kaotavad Eesti ettevõtjatest dollaritsooni eksportijad, võidavad importijad. Skeem: Dollari kurss tagasi 90ndate aastate keskpaiga tasemel. Vt. samas: Tõnis Oja. Ameerikale nõrk dollar meeldib

  15. Võistluskavade parimad said eile pärjatud / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2011-01-01

    15. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali võitjatest. Parim Euraasia film "Lihtne elu" (režissöör Ann Hui, Hiina), parim režissöör Lynne Ramsay ("Me peame Kevinist rääkima", Suurbritannia). Balti filmide konkursil parim Eesti film "Surnuaiavahi tütar", parim operaator Mart Taniel ("Idioot", Eesti). Auhindade võitjad loetletud

  16. Eile esilinastus kinos Sõprus neli uut telefilmi "Eesti lugude" sarjas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Kinos Sõprus näidati ETV ja EFSA ühisproduktsioonina valmivate "Eesti lugude" uusi tõsielufilme : Ago Ruusi "Laulatatud hobusega", Mart Taevere "Teistmoodi tihane", Sergei Ledenjovi "Nikolai Kormašov ja vene ikoon" ja Priit Valkna "Kaetajad"

  17. Tallinna loomaaed näitas eile pegasust / Aivi Lindsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindsalu, Aivi

    2004-01-01

    IV Läänemeremaade animalistliku skulptuuri festivali võitjad. Osavõtjate ja nende tööde loetelu. Võidutöö oli Vitali Novikovi karu, II koha sai Aleksander Litvinov kotkaga ning kolmandat kohta jagasid Margarita Kamardina kameeleoniga ja Rafael Danieljants jaaguariga

  18. Eelarveheitlus sai eile riigikogus vihase avastardi / Kai Kalamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Kai

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress, 1. okt. 2004, nr. 40, lk. 24. Peaminister Juhan Partsi kõnest Riigikogus 2005. aasta riigieelarve eelnõu üle andes. Riigikogu liikmete hinnanguid eelarve kohta. Diagrammid: Eelarve jõudis riigikokku. Lisa: Riigi tulud tuleval aastal. Kommenteerivad Eiki Nestor, Ain Seppik, Mart Laar

  19. IBM eile, täna ja homme / Kalle Kose

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kose, Kalle

    2007-01-01

    Infotehnoloogiafirma IBM arengust. Lisatud joonised: PC tootjate turuosad (1984-2004); IBM-i käive segmentide lõikes (2000-2005); IBM-i käive kvartaalselt. Vt. ka lk.13: IBM püstitas patentide rekordi

  20. G20 veeretas eile Londonis triljonit dollarit / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2009-01-01

    Londonis toimunud G20 tippkohtumisel jõuti kokkuleppele, et maailma kriisist välja aitamiseks antakse maailmakaubandusele rahasüst ning IMF saab juba olemasolevale 250 miljardile dollarile lisaks rohkem vahendeid. Skeem: Majanduse stimuleerimise paketid G20 riikides

  1. Pika Hermanni torni heiskasid eile lipu Põlvamaa noored

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2018-01-01

    Eesti vabariigi ja Kaitseliidu loomise 100. aastapäeva puhul on veebruarikuu hommikutel Pika Hermanni tornis lipu heiskamise toimkonnas noorkotkad ja kodutütred kõikidest Eesti maakondadest. Põlva malevast heiskavad lipu Joosep Lang ja Mette-Marit Rehemets. Lisatud intervjuu nende mõlemaga

  2. Juubeli-Pöff alustas eile laulvast revolutsioonist / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Vene Teatris avati 10. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestival esilinastusega James Tusty ja Maureen Castle Tusty dokumentaalfilmist Eestist "Laulev revolutsioon" ("Singing Revolution"). Lühiülevaade festivali filmiprogrammidest, üritustest ja toimumispaikadest (peale Tallinna veel Tartu, Narva, Viljandi, Jõhvi ja Kärdla)

  3. Eile avati Harku vallas Raja tööstuskeskuse uus juurdepääsutee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Kahe Harku valla ettevõtte algatusel ja riigi toel sai Raja tööstuskeskus Tabasalus kaasaegse juurdepääsutee, rahastasid Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutus ning eraettevõtted Greiner Packaging ja Palmatin

  4. Kuressaare kultuurikeskus täitus eile leivalõhnaga / Ene Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Ene

    2009-01-01

    Kuressaare kultuurikeskuse näituse "Leib on talu peremees" avamisel viisid Eesti Põllumajandusmuuseumi töötajad läbi leivaprogrammi. Näituse koostas Mare Viiralt, kunstnikutöö tegi Maarika Tang

  5. Atonen ja Aaviksoo tegid eile esimese 3G kõne / Viktoria Korpan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korpan, Viktoria, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    Majandusminister Meelis Atonen ja Eesti Mobiiltelefoni juht Peep Aaviksoo pidasid EMT tehnoloogiakeskuses esimese ametliku kõne 3G testvõrgus. Lisaks tavakõnele videokõnet ja kiiret andmesidet võimaldav teenus jõuab kommertskasutusse orienteeruvalt aastal 2005, lubas Aaviksoo

  6. Nokia aktsia kasvatas eile Eesti investorite vara miljonite võrra / Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matson, Annika, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    Nokia aktsia hinnatõusu põhjustas teade ettevõtte otsusest tõsta III kvartali käibe- ja kasumiprognoose. Diagrammid: Nokia kasumiprognoos jääb mullusele ikka alla; Nokia aktsia hind tõusis prognooside tõttu

  7. Strateegiline planeerimine Eestis eile ja täna / Keit Kasemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kasemets, Keit

    2006-01-01

    Konkurentsivõime tagamiseks ning jätkusuutlikuks ja ressursisäästlikuks arenguks on põhjalikule analüüsile tuginevate pikaajaliste strateegiliste plaanide paikapanek ja õigete valikute tegemine määrava tähtsusega. Strateegilise planeerimise süsteemi toimimisest ja strateegilise arengu suunamisest Eestis. Skeem: Riigieelarve strateegia koostamine

  8. Anne kanali ja Emajõe vahel leegitsesid eile tuleskulptuurid / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2004-01-01

    Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli, Tartu Kunstigümnaasiumi, Tartu Ülikooli maaliosakonna õppurite ja Eesti Põllumajandusülikooli maastikuarhitektide koostöös ja skulptor Kirke Kangro juhendamisel. Tartu Raekoja platsil Kirke Kangro ja hollandi arhitekti Martijn Smitsi valgusinstallatsioon "Valgus kuubis"

  9. Eesti maaomavalitsuste liit eile, täna ja homme / Uno Silberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Silberg, Uno, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vooremaa : Torma Valla Teataja, 16. nov. 2004, lk. 3. Kohalikud omavalitsused on koostööd teinud alates 20. nov. 1921, kui moodustati Eesti maakondade liit. 1927. a. sai ta nimeks Eesti maaomavalitsuste liit (EMOL). EMOL'i tegevusest tänapäeval

  10. Edgar Savisaar murdus eile õhtul / Kadri Jakobson, Aivar Hundimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jakobson, Kadri, 1970-

    2010-01-01

    Moskvast saabunud Deniss Boroditšit, rahastamisskandaali ühte võtmetegelast, võtsid Tallinna lennujaamas vastu Keskerakonna esimees Edgar Savisaar ja Kalle Klandorf, kes viisid abilinnapea tõenäoliselt selgitusi andma

  11. Raudtee erastamine jõudis eile juba eelläbirääkimisteni / Erkki Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Erkki

    2000-01-01

    Baltic Rail Service, Rail Estonia ning Raudtee Erastamise Rahva AS koos Rootsi riigiraudtee SJ ja Suurbritannia infrastruktuuriettevõtte Sercoga esitasid erastamisagentuurile detailse ärikava koos hinna, investeeringute ning tehnilise ja finantsplaaniga

  12. Meelis Lao kuulutas eile sõja McDonald'sile / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Ärimees Meelis Lao lasi rendivaidlusele viidates sulgeda Viru tänava kiirtoitlustusasutuse McDonald's. Vt. samas: McDonald'si rendivaidlus küünib aastate taha; McDonald's andis asja politseisse; Meelis Lao kannab probleemide lahendaja tiitlit

  13. Soomlaste Finnair sulges eile oma Eesti lennufirma / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Finnairi Eesti tütarfirma Aero Airlines lõpetas oma lennud nii Tallinna-Helsingi vahel kui ka Soome siseliinidel, Eesti ja Soome vahelised lennud võtab üle Soome firma Finncomm Airlines. Lisa: Aero Airlines

  14. Birma kindralid andsid eile lõpuks abipakkujatele järele / Hendrik Vosman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vosman, Hendrik

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 20. mai 2008, lk. 9. Birma juhtkond lubas Kagu-Aasia riikide assotsiatsiooni ASEAN erakorralisel nõupidamisel Singapuris, et ühenduse liikmesmaade meditsiinirühmad võivad Birmasse minna. Kaart: ASEANi riigid. Vt. samas: Lapsi varitsevad inimkaubitsejad

  15. Riigikogu pikendas eile Iraagi ja Kosovo missiooni veel aastaks / Maria-Elisa Rannajõe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rannajõe, Maria-Elisa

    2007-01-01

    Iraagi ja Kosovo missiooni pikendamisest Riigikogus, roheliste erakonna juhi Marek Strandbergi arvamus Iraagi missiooni pikendamise kohta. ÜRO Julgeolekunõukogu pikendas liitlasvägede mandaati Iraagis aasta võrra, Iraak palus missiooni pikendamist viimast korda

  16. Eile sai Eesti Kunstimuuseumi asutamisest 86 aastat ning Tartu Kunstimuuseumi asutamisest 65 aastat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Kumu ettekannetepäev "Roheline, toores ja lõikamata. Noor eesti kunst uue sajandi alguses" sarjast "Lisandusi eesti kunstiloole". Esinesid Karin Laansoo, Irit Rogoff, Kaido Ole, Kristjan Mändmaa, Rael Artel. Esitleti raamatut "22 + Noored eesti kunstnikud. Young Estonian Artists". 18. XI kirjutatakse alla Jaapani valitsuse kultuuritoetusleping, mis on suunatud Kumu varustamiseks kaasaegse audiogiidi süsteemiga, esitlustehnika ja maalikonserveerimislabori tehnikaga

  17. Energeetika eile, täna, homme... / Andres Annuk, Jaan Lepa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annuk, Andres, 1962-

    2005-01-01

    Autorite hinnangul on kaasaegse maailma energeetika kui majandusharu arengus 3 põhisuunda: energiahinna pöördumatu kasv, püüd energiasüsteeme lokaliseerida ja keskkonna mõjude väärtustamine. Tabelid

  18. Süüme sundis vabrikujuhti palgatööliseks jääma / Richard Mutso ; interv. Jüri Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Richard, 1933-

    2003-01-01

    Intervjuu Võru mööblitehase Wermo peadirektorina töötanud, praeguse tehase nõukogu liikme Richard Mutsoga tehase juhtimisest, euroreferendumist, eraelust. Kommenteerivad: Silva Mutso, Veljo Ipits

  19. Weroli pankrotiprotsessi oleks saanud vältida / Hindrek Riikoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riikoja, Hindrek

    2005-01-01

    Aktsiaseltside Werol Tehased ja Biodiesel vahel sõlmitud lepingutest, mis on viinud Jõgeva maakohtu poolt AS-i Werol Tehased vastu algatatud pankrotimenetluseni. Vt. samas: Werol ei ole ajutise pankrotihalduriga rahul

  20. Soomlased ajendasid Uruguay ja Argentina vahelise tselluloositüli / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Argentiinlased protestivad Uruguay jõe Uruguay-poolsel kaldal ehitavate tselluloositehaste vastu, ehitustööd mõistis hukka ka president Nestor Kirchner. Tehased rajab Soome kontsern Metsä-Botnia. Lisa: Argentinal endal keskkonnale ohtlikud tehased

  1. Muusikamaailm : 15. ooperifestival Wexfordis. Tshellopidu algas Frankfurdis. Vilniuse "Gaida" lõppes eile. Konkursilt Besanqonis. Ernest Bour lahkunud / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    15. ooperifestivalist Wexfordis. Frankfurdis toimunud Kronbergi tshellofestivali pidulikust avakontserdist. Vilniuse uue muusika festivalist "Gaida". Konkursilt Besanqonis. Suri nimekas prantsuse dirigent Ernest Bour

  2. Ajatud piirajad tervendavad hinge. Eile esietendus Tartus Tampere majas Sagar Sagitta lavastus "Ajatud" / Pille-Riin Purje

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purje, Pille-Riin, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Sagar Sagitta lavastus "Ajatud" eesti folkloori, Uku Masingu ja Jakob Mändmetsa luule ja proosa põhjal Tartus Tampere majas, esitavad Jaan Tooming, Anne Maasik, Anne Türnpu, Madli Võsoberg, Heikki-Rein Veromann. Esietendus 26. jaan

  3. Learning Strategies Model to Enhance Thai Undergraduate Students' Self-Efficacy Beliefs in EIL Textual Reading Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakew, Jiraporn; Damnet, Anamai

    2017-01-01

    This classroom based research of a learning strategies model was designed to investigate its application in a mixed-ability classroom. The study built on Oxford's language learning strategies model (1990, 2001) and fulfilled it with rhetorical strategies to accommodate challenges encountered in the paradigm of English as an international language…

  4. Saurix Petroleum valitseb Loksat / Virkko Lepassalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepassalu, Virkko, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Kütusefirma Saurix Petroleumiga seotud ettevõtted teenivad Loksa linna soojamajanduselt ning elektrimüügilt suuri kasumeid ning on sundinud linnavalitsust enda eest ka pangavõlga maksma. Kommenteerib Mihkel Tiks

  5. Respublikaanide ja sotside pettus Loksal / Ralf R. Parve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parve, Ralf R., 1946-2008

    2006-01-01

    Loksa linnavolikogu koalitsioon ja Keskerakond pidasid eraldi istungeid. Ebaseaduslike vahenditega valiti libavolikogu poolt valijamees presidendivalimisteks, see osutus õigustühiseks ja nüüd tuleb volikogul valijamees uuesti valida

  6. Loksaskaja sudverf na puti peremen / Flemming Seestrand Sörensen ; interv. Lidia Tolmatshova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sörensen, Flemming Seestrand

    2008-01-01

    Odense Steel Shipyard Ltd müüb firma efektiivsuse tõstmise programmi raames Eestis asuva Loksa Laevatehase AS-i. Laevatehase tegevdirektor Flemming Seestrand Sörensen selgitab müümisega seotud asjaolusid

  7. Eestis alustatakse biodiisli tootmist / Toomas Reinpõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinpõld, Toomas, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    AS-i Biodiesel omanikud otsustasid biodiislikütust tootva tehase ehitada Harjumaale Paldiskisse. Omanikud loodavad peaministrilt positiivset vastust aktsiisimaksu vabastuse kohta biodiisli turustamisel

  8. Reedel avatud Nargen Hallis klõbisesid noad ja kahvlid / Mart Niineste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niineste, Mart, 1983-

    2009-01-01

    Balti laevaremonditehase ja Kaljuste Lootsi koja vahelise lepingu tulemusel 7. augustil Tallinnas tsaariaegse sõjasadama territooriumil asuva Noblesseneri tehase valukojas avatud kontserdisaalist Nargen Hall

  9. Made in Narva ili nashi v Seule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Hiigelsuure titaanskulptuuri "Post-Mapping" valmistamisest saksa firma Trinon Titanium Narva tehases ja selle paigaldamisest tehnoloogiainstituudi hoone fuajeesse Soulis. Skulptuuri autor on arhitekt Lawrence Wallen

  10. V Paldiski postrojat novõi zavod

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    AS Biodiesel sõlmis 1. augustil lepingu rahvusvahelise kontserniga Desmet Ballestra biodiisli tehase tehnoloogia tarnimiseks. Ligi 300 miljonit krooni maksma minev tehas rajatakse Paldiski Lõunasadmasse

  11. Environment Is Life (EIL): a new local structure to study the influence of abiotic factors on agro-systems functional behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longdoz, Bernard; Leemans, Vincent; Heinesch, Bernard; Delaplace, Pierre; Dumont, Benjamin; Jacques, Philippe

    2017-04-01

    The TERRA Unit of the Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech faculty is building a new research and educational structure with the aim of understanding how the agro-system services (production, GHG mitigation, eco-diversity, soil fertility maintenance,…) will evolved in the future under the influence of climatic change, new technical management mode or land use change. This structure will based first on data collected in an Ecotron able to host 12 closed chambers, each of them containing 2 m2 of vegetation growing on a lysimeter (1,5m deep). The solar radiation, air temperature and humidity, precipitations and CO2 concentration could be regulated individually in each chamber to propose different climatic scenarios. Different anthropic technical actions could also be programmed with different timing (fertilization, deep/shallow ploughing,…). The equipment of the chamber will allow monitoring of net fluxes (CO2, sensible heat, evapotranspiration exchanges and ozone), soil temperature and humidity and chemical composition (DOC, DIC, NO3-/NH4+) of the soil water and leaching flux. In parallel, biomass production and composition could be evaluated all along the growing season by manual works and chemical analysis. The chambers will be able to be used in different modes (present vs future conditions, one variable gradient, cross-effect of disturbances) to test and isolate the impact of each future perturbation on the biogeochemical cycles of the agro-system. The Ecotron is candidate for integration in the ANAEE network (candidate to be a European Research Infrastructure Consortium) and will be available for development of scientific project coming from outside of the Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech faculty. For the spatio-temporal extrapolation of the results obtained during the Ecotron experimentations, TERRA Unit will develop a model able, on one hand, to reproduce the outputs of these experimentations (taking into account some particularities of the chamber set up) and on the other hand, to simulate the biogeochemical cycles of an outdoor agro-system plots. The objectives of the model runs will be to translate for natural conditions (real agro-system), the impact of the studied perturbation, with possibilities of divergences in terms of intensity and timing compared to the Ecotron situations Finally, the structure is completed with an eddy covariance tower site named Lonzée installed in a traditional European temperate agro-system plot and presently part of the ICOS labeling process. The Lonzee site is a cropland (cultivated for more than 75 years) with a 4-year rotation: sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), winter wheat. The experimental device collect some data similar to those obtained in the Ecotron chambers and will give the opportunity to (i) quantify the actual and real the influence of abiotic factors on ecosystemic services and (ii) validate the model used for the spatio-temporal extrapolation of the Ecotron results.

  12. Leedu trumpab Eesti rapsitehase üle / Heino Laiapea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laiapea, Heino, 1951-

    2005-01-01

    Leedu ettevõte Linas ir Viza ehitab Klaipedasse Baltimaade suurima õlikultuuride seemnetöötlemise tehase, mis ületab neli korda Jõgevamaal Painkülas asuva Eesti suurima rapsitöötleja AS-i Werol Tehased senise võimsuse

  13. Transpordiärimehed hakkavad biokütust tootma / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Nii bussifirma Taisto omanik Taisto-Taimo Kängsepp kui ka Arvo Sarapuu kavatsevad rajada oma biodiislikütuse tehase. Firma Biodiesel suuromanik Heino Harak kavatseb biodiislikütuse tehase käivitada 2006. aasta lõpus. Lisa: Biodiislikütus

  14. EIN3-like gene expression during fruit ripening of Cavendish banana (Musa acuminata cv. Grande naine).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mbéguié-A-Mbéguié, Didier; Hubert, Olivier; Fils-Lycaon, Bernard; Chillet, Marc; Baurens, Franc-Christophe

    2008-06-01

    Ethylene signal transduction initiates with ethylene binding at receptor proteins and terminates in a transcription cascade involving the EIN3/EIL transcription factors. Here, we have isolated four cDNAs homologs of the Arabidopsis EIN3/EIN3-like gene, MA-EILs (Musa acuminata ethylene insensitive 3-like) from banana fruit. Sequence comparison with other banana EIL gene already registered in the database led us to conclude that, at this day, at least five different genes namely MA-EIL1, MA-EIL2/AB266318, MA-EIL3/AB266319, MA-EIL4/AB266320 and AB266321 exist in banana. Phylogenetic analyses included all banana EIL genes within a same cluster consisting of rice OsEILs, a monocotyledonous plant as banana. However, MA-EIL1, MA-EIL2/AB266318, MA-EIL4/AB266320 and AB266321 on one side, and MA-EIL3/AB266319 on the other side, belong to two distant subclusters. MA-EIL mRNAs were detected in all examined banana tissues but at lower level in peel than in pulp. According to tissues, MA-EIL genes were differentially regulated by ripening and ethylene in mature green fruit and wounding in old and young leaves. MA-EIL2/AB266318 was the unique ripening- and ethylene-induced gene; MA-EIL1, MA-EIL4/Ab266320 and AB266321 genes were downregulated, while MA-EIL3/AB266319 presented an unusual pattern of expression. Interestingly, a marked change was observed mainly in MA-EIL1 and MA-EIL3/Ab266319 mRNA accumulation concomitantly with changes in ethylene responsiveness of fruit. Upon wounding, the main effect was observed in MA-EIL4/AB266320 and AB266321 mRNA levels, which presented a markedly increase in both young and old leaves, respectively. Data presented in this study suggest the importance of a transcriptionally step control in the regulation of EIL genes during banana fruit ripening.

  15. Transcriptional regulation of three EIN3-like genes of carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L. cv. Improved White Sim) during flower development and upon wounding, pollination, and ethylene exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iordachescu, Mihaela; Verlinden, Sven

    2005-08-01

    Using a combination of approaches, three EIN3-like (EIL) genes DC-EIL1/2 (AY728191), DC-EIL3 (AY728192), and DC-EIL4 (AY728193) were isolated from carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) petals. DC-EIL1/2 deduced amino acid sequence shares 98% identity with the previously cloned and characterized carnation DC-EIL1 (AF261654), 62% identity with DC-EIL3, and 60% identity with DC-EIL4. DC-EIL3 deduced amino acid sequence shares 100% identity with a previously cloned carnation gene fragment, Dc106 (CF259543), 61% identity with Dianthus caryophyllus DC-EIL1 (AF261654), and 59% identity with DC-EIL4. DC-EIL4 shared 60% identity with DC-EIL1 (AF261654). Expression analyses performed on vegetative and flower tissues (petals, ovaries, and styles) during growth and development and senescence (natural and ethylene-induced) indicated that the mRNA accumulation of the DC-EIL family of genes in carnation is regulated developmentally and by ethylene. DC-EIL3 mRNA showed significant accumulation upon ethylene exposure, during flower development, and upon pollination in petals and styles. Interestingly, decreasing levels of DC-EIL3 mRNA were found in wounded leaves and ovaries of senescing flowers whenever ethylene levels increased. Flowers treated with sucrose showed a 2 d delay in the accumulation of DC-EIL3 transcripts when compared with control flowers. These observations suggest an important role for DC-EIL3 during growth and development. Changes in DC-EIL1/2 and DC-EIL4 mRNA levels during flower development, and upon ethylene exposure and pollination were very similar. mRNA levels of the DC-EILs in styles of pollinated flowers showed a positive correlation with ethylene production after pollination. The cloning and characterization of the EIN3-like genes in the present study showed their transcriptional regulation not previously observed for EILs.

  16. Report on the Validation of the Emotionally Intelligent Leadership for Students Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miguel, Rosanna F.; Allen, Scott J.

    2016-01-01

    The present study was designed to examine the measurement of the Emotionally Intelligent Leadership (EIL) construct and to provide evidence of validation for the multidimensional Emotionally Intelligence Leadership for Students: Inventory 2.0 (EILS:I 2.0). The EILS:I 2.0 is a self-report assessment of emotionally intelligent leadership in the…

  17. Hea linn : linnakeskuste visioonide otsingud Eestis = Good City : Search for the Vision of Urban Centres in Estonia / Tõnu Laigu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laigu, Tõnu

    2003-01-01

    Linnaplaneerimisest Eesti linnades peale taasiseseisvumist, linna keskosa kavandamisest. Üksnes visiooni tekitamisega on piirdunud Tõrva, Räpina, Tallinn, Jõgeva, Põlva, Võru, Loksa, Valga, Narva. Rakveres saab arhitektuurivõistlus linna keskosa väljaehitamise aluseks. 1997-2003 tehtud linna keskosade planeeringute loetelu ja seis. 6 ill

  18. Lahemaa RPA vaidlustas Valgejõe paisutamise Nõmmeveskil / Ülle Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Ülle, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Keskkonnainspektsioon uurib Lahemaa Rahvuspargi administratsiooni palvel AS-i Maru poolt Valgejõele tekitatud paisjärve mõjusid looduskeskkonnale. Paisjärve toetuseks võtavad sõna külavanem Ira Laasi, Loksa vallavanem Madis Praks ja AS-i Maru juhatuse liige Heiki Laiverik. Lahemaa Rahvuspargi seisukohta selgitab Lauri-Indrek Tummeleht

  19. MAOHUZI6/ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3-LIKE1 and ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3-LIKE2 Regulate Ethylene Response of Roots and Coleoptiles and Negatively Affect Salt Tolerance in Rice1[OPEN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chao; Ma, Biao; He, Si-Jie; Xiong, Qing; Duan, Kai-Xuan; Yin, Cui-Cui; Chen, Hui; Lu, Xiang; Chen, Shou-Yi; Zhang, Jin-Song

    2015-01-01

    Ethylene plays important roles in plant growth, development, and stress responses. The ethylene signaling pathway has been studied extensively, mainly in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). However, the molecular mechanism of ethylene signaling is largely unknown in rice (Oryza sativa). Previously, we have isolated a set of rice ethylene-response mutants. Here, we characterized the mutant maohuzi6 (mhz6). Through map-based cloning, we found that MHZ6 encodes ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3-LIKE1 (OsEIL1), a rice homolog of ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3), which is the master transcriptional regulator of ethylene signaling in Arabidopsis. Disruption of MHZ6/OsEIL1 caused ethylene insensitivity mainly in roots, whereas silencing of the closely related OsEIL2 led to ethylene insensitivity mainly in coleoptiles of etiolated seedlings. This organ-specific functional divergence is different from the functional features of EIN3 and EIL1, both of which mediate the incomplete ethylene responses of Arabidopsis etiolated seedlings. In Arabidopsis, EIN3 and EIL1 play positive roles in plant salt tolerance. In rice, however, lack of MHZ6/OsEIL1 or OsEIL2 functions improves salt tolerance, whereas the overexpressing lines exhibit salt hypersensitivity at the seedling stage, indicating that MHZ6/OsEIL1 and OsEIL2 negatively regulate salt tolerance in rice. Furthermore, this negative regulation by MHZ6/OsEIL1 and OsEIL2 in salt tolerance is likely attributable in part to the direct regulation of HIGH-AFFINITY K+ TRANSPORTER2;1 expression and Na+ uptake in roots. Additionally, MHZ6/OsEIL1 overexpression promotes grain size and thousand-grain weight. Together, our study provides insights for the functional diversification of MHZ6/OsEIL1 and OsEIL2 in ethylene response and finds a novel mode of ethylene-regulated salt stress response that could be helpful for engineering salt-tolerant crops. PMID:25995326

  20. Ot porolona k iskusstvu / Kristiina Verbitskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Verbitskaja, Kristiina

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna endise tehase "Polümeer" ruumides tegutsevad juba kaks aastat muusikud, kunstnikud ja teised kultuuriinimesed. 10. -20. augustini toimuvad kultuuritehase Polymer avamisüritused: teatrietendused, kunstinäitused, kontserdid, filmiseansid. Korraldab Madis Mikkor

  1. Siim Nestor soovitab : Elektroakustiline kontsert. Supreme Võrus / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2002-01-01

    21. juunil Tallinnas Kalinini tehases installatsiooninäituse Four Songs For Siivi raames toimuvast elektroakustilisest eksperiment-kontserdist, kus peaosas prantslane Mathieu Werchowski. Diskost Võru rannabaaris 21. juunil

  2. Italjanskaja tehnologija, estonskoje katshestvo / Aleksei Zhigulin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zhigulin, Aleksei

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Vineeri- ja Mööblikombinaadi omanik OÜ Grove Invest rajab Kohilasse uut tehast, mille võimsuseks saab 50 000 kuupmeetrit vineeri aastas. Ettevõtte investeerib tehase ehitusse kokku 420 miljonit krooni. Lisa

  3. Pärdi lavastamine Noblessneri valukojas / Evi Arujärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arujärv, Evi, 1953-

    2010-01-01

    Tõnu Kaljuste ja Peeter Jalaka lavastusest "Alguses oli", lavastuse aluseks Arvo Pärdi teosed "In Principio" ja "Miserere", 17. augustil Noblessneri tehase valukojas toimunud etendusest, muusikaline juht Tõnu Kaljuste

  4. Nissan raputab Jaapani majandust / Alexander Garth

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garth, Alexander

    1999-01-01

    Jaapani suuruselt teine autotootja Nissan kavandab viie kodumaise tehase sulgemist, töötajate arvu vähendamist 21 000 inimese võrra ja loobumist pooltest oma varustajafirmadest järgmisel kolme aasta jooksul

  5. IPA kavandab endale uut tehast / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2005-01-01

    Ettevõte Interconnect Product Assembly (IPA) alustas juhtmeköidiste valmistajana, kuid püüab keskenduda aina keerulisemate seadmete tootmisele. Tabel: Interconnect Product Assembly. Lisa: Tootmisjuhid lõid oma tehase

  6. AS-i Steri tehas alustab tööd juba lähipäevil / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Keskkonnaminister Jaanus Tamkivi andis AS-ile Steri kiirgustegevusloa. Samas otsustas minister edasi kaevata AS Steri omanike kasuks tehtud Tallinna halduskohtu otsuse. Lisa: Steriliseerimine AS-i Steri tehases

  7. Kundas hakatakse vanadest rehvidest õli tootma / Raivo Raigna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raigna, Raivo

    2008-01-01

    Hansa Biodiesel rajab Kundasse vanade rehvide termilise töötlemise tehase. Selgitusi jagab õlitehase keskkonnamõju hindaja, Tallinna Ülikooli Ökoloogia Instituudi Kirde-Eesti osakonna juhataja ja juhtekspert Valdo Liblik

  8. Robert Närska : erakonda tuleb vahetada vastavalt seisukohtade muutumisele / Robert Närska ; interv. Mari-Liis Hüvato

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Närska, Robert, 1948-

    2005-01-01

    Tartu linnavolikogusse kandideeriv AS-i Werol Tehased juhatuse liige vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema kandideerimist linnavolikogusse Rahvaliidu nimekirjas, kohaliku võimu politiseeritust Eestis, Tartu arengut ning lahendamist vajavaid probleeme linnas

  9. Lazer dlja sitsev / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2006-01-01

    Narva tekstiilitööstuse Kreeniholm omanik Boras Wäfveri AB sulges Rootsi tehased ja toob sealsed seadmed Narva. Maailmaturu konkurents tekstiilitööstustes, Kreenholmi Valduse AS omanikud ja juhid

  10. Konesko investeeris Põltsamaale 80 miljonit krooni / Raivo Sihver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sihver, Raivo

    2004-01-01

    AS Konesko investeeris uue tehase rajamisse ja käivitamisse 80 miljonit krooni. Põltsamaa tsehhis valmistatakse sildkraanade otsavankreid ning teisi detaile, edaspidi hakatakse komplekteerima ja valmistama ka suuremaid tõsteseadmete osi

  11. Printsessi pulmade hiilgus paistab Eestisse / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2010-01-01

    Saaremaal asuv Sporrongi tehas valmistas Rootsi printsessi Victoria pulmadeks tuhandeid märke, medaleid ja muid meeneid, Soome Nanso grupi Eesti tehases kooti põlvikud pulmade teenindava personali jaoks

  12. Visionäärid ning disaini hälli kiigutajad Charles ja Ray Eames / Katrin Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Katrin

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika disainiklassikute Charles (1907-1978) ja Ray Eamesi (1912-1988) disainitud toolidest. Nende oma majast Californias, mis koosneb tehases valmistatud teras-, vineer- ja klaasdetailidest. Filmidest "Ülevaade Metropolitanist" ja "Powers of Ten"

  13. Kalinini tehas hõivatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse kunstnike Delphine Reisti, Laurent Fauloni, Sebastien Perroud' ja viiuldaja Mathieu Werchowsky ühisnäitus "Four songs for Siivi" Tallinna endises Kalinini tehases. Kunstnikud esitlevad igaüks üht installatsiooni, M. Werchowsky annab mitu kontserti

  14. Ekspansioon / Alina Kurvitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurvitz, Alina

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse kunstnike Delphine Reisti, Laurent Fauloni ja Sebastien Perroud' installatsioonide näitus "Four songs for Siivi" Tallinnas mahajäetud Kalinini tehases. Näitusega kaasnevad viiuldaja Mathieu Werchowsky kontserdid

  15. Narva linnas valmistati abstraktne skulptuur / Ago Gashkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gashkov, Ago

    2007-01-01

    Zürichi kunstiülikooli lavakujunduse professori Lawrence Walleni loodud titaanplaatidest skulptuur pannakse kokku Triton Titanium GmbH meditsiiniseadmete tehases Narvas. Skulptuur avatakse 6. oktoobril 2007 Soulis tehnoloogiainstituudis

  16. Iskusstvo võbrasõvat musor / Dmitri Babitshenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Babitshenko, Dmitri

    2007-01-01

    Endise tehase "Polümeer" hoones asuvas galeriis Art Container avati grafiti-kunstnike Tõnise ja Jukku poolt maalitud klaastaara-konteinerite fotode näitus "Märka konteinerit". Samanimelisest kunstiprojektist

  17. Uudised : Rock-paraad Dvigatelis. Kaljuste asemele Layton. "Little Louie" Vega tuleb Tallinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    1. mail Dvigateli tehase ruumides toimuvast alternatiivrocki peost. S.Layton saab jaanuaris 2002 uueks Madalmaade Kammerkoori dirigendiks T.Kaljuste asemel. 17. juunil mängib Tallinnas plaate "Little Louie" Vega

  18. Eesti taotleb Euroopa Liidult biodiislikütuse maksuvabastust / Erki Freiberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Freiberg, Erki

    2005-01-01

    Rahandusministeerium taotleb Euroopa Komisjonilt Eestis müüdava autotranspordis kasutatava biokütuse vabastamist aktsiisimaksust. Lisa: Biodiislikütust tehakse taimeõlist ja alkoholist. Vt. samas: AS Biodiesel ehitab Paldiskisse tehase

  19. Paldiski biodiislitehas valmib 300 mln eest / Liis Kängsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kängsepp, Liis, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 16. aug. lk. 7. 2007. aasta sügiseks Paldiskis valmiva biodiislitehase ehitamisesse on AS Biodiesel planeerinud investeerida 300 miljonit krooni. Lisa: Tehase käive 1,2 miljardit krooni

  20. Ahtme tehas ehitas töötajatele elamu / Erik Gamzejev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 31. juuli 2004, lk. 1, 3; Postimees, 2. aug. 2004, lk. 9, lüh. Ahtme vagunikoostetehas UVZ & AVR juhid usuvad, et korter motiveerib spetsialiste tehases pikemalt töötama

  1. Encuentros esteticos deweyanos con la cultura popular anglofona en la ensenanza de ingles como lengua extranjera (EILE). Working Paper (Deweyan Aesthetic Encounters with Anglophone Popular Culture in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language. Working Paper).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoreda, Margaret Lee

    This paper discusses how the introduction of Anglophone popular culture in the English-as-a-foreign-language class can serve to foster critical aesthetic experiences. It is argued that the popular culture of the hegemonic Anglophone countries is already part of students' lives and for that reason should be included in any critical Anglophone…

  2. Culture in teaching English as an international language in CLT curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩笑晨

    2017-01-01

    This thesis explored the role of culture in EIL teaching on the basis of CLT contexts by reviewing plentiful previous studies. Generally speaking, this thesis emphasized the relationship between language and culture, the necessity and importance of culture teaching in language teaching, what kind of culture should be included in cultural content for culture teaching and challenges of culture teaching in EIL teaching as well. In a word, Culture is correlated with language. Culture teaching plays a significant role in EIL teaching. In culture teaching, not only the target culture, but also various cultures related to EIL learners' daily life should be included.

  3. Electron injection mechanisms of green organic light-emitting devices fabricated utilizing a double electron injection layer consisting of cesium carbonate and fullerene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, J.S.; Choo, D.C.; Kim, T.W.; Jin, Y.Y.; Seo, J.H.; Kim, Y.K.

    2010-01-01

    Electron injection mechanisms of the luminance efficiency of green organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) fabricated utilizing a cesium carbonate (Cs 2 CO 3 )/fullerene (C 60 ) heterostructure acting as an electron injection layer (EIL) were investigated. Current density-voltage and luminance-voltage measurements showed that the current densities and the luminances of the OLEDs with a Cs 2 CO 3 or Cs 2 CO 3 /C 60 EIL were higher than that of the OLEDs with a Liq EIL. The luminance efficiency of the OLEDs with a Cs 2 CO 3 EIL was almost three times higher than that of the OLEDs with a Liq EIL. Because the electron injection efficiency of the Cs 2 CO 3 layer in OLEDs was different from that of the C 60 layer, the luminance efficiency of the OLEDs with a double EIL consisting of a Cs 2 CO 3 layer and a C 60 layer was smaller than that of the OLEDs with a Cs 2 CO 3 EIL. The electron injection mechanisms of OLEDs with a Cs 2 CO 3 and C 60 double EIL are described on the basis of the experimental results.

  4. Preparing teachers to teach English as an international language

    CERN Document Server

    Matsuda, Aya

    2017-01-01

    This book explores ways to prepare teachers to teach English as an International Language, and provides theoretically-grounded models for EIL-informed teacher education. It includes two chapters that present a theoretical approach to EIL teacher education, followed by descriptions of field-tested teacher education programs, courses and activities.

  5. Exploring the Generic Nature of International English

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allan James

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The article investigates the nature of English as an International Language (EIL from a sociolinguistic and sociocultural point via the notion of ‘genre’. Genre, it is claimed, plays a central role in an understanding of the internal hybridity of EIL in that it represents the ‘using’ as opposed to ‘use’ (register or ‘user’ (dialect dimension of language realization. While all three dimensions as linguistic resources for different subjectivities can shape an ensuing EIL discourse (such mixes constituting the ‘interdiscursivity’ of (a text, it is genre that expresses the actional (inter- and transactional properties of EIL. Drawing also on other linguistic models of genre, the article concludes by interpreting EIL within the discourses of postmodernity, poststructuralism and postcolonialism and pointing to the possibility of developing a new ‘postlinguistics’ for the new millenium.

  6. Aerosol characteristics in the entrainment interface layer in relation to the marine boundary layer and free troposphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Dadashazar

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available This study uses airborne data from two field campaigns off the California coast to characterize aerosol size distribution characteristics in the entrainment interface layer (EIL, a thin and turbulent layer above marine stratocumulus cloud tops, which separates the stratocumulus-topped boundary layer (STBL from the free troposphere (FT. The vertical bounds of the EIL are defined in this work based on considerations of buoyancy and turbulence using thermodynamic and dynamic data. Aerosol number concentrations are examined from three different probes with varying particle diameter (Dp ranges: > 3 nm, > 10 nm, and 0.11–3.4 µm. Relative to the EIL and FT layers, the sub-cloud (SUB layer exhibited lower aerosol number concentrations and higher surface area concentrations. High particle number concentrations between 3 and 10 nm in the EIL are indicative of enhanced nucleation, assisted by high actinic fluxes, cool and moist air, and much lower surface area concentrations than the STBL. Slopes of number concentration versus altitude in the EIL were correlated with the particle number concentration difference between the SUB and lower FT layers. The EIL aerosol size distribution was influenced by varying degrees from STBL aerosol versus subsiding FT aerosol depending on the case examined. These results emphasize the important role of the EIL in influencing nucleation and aerosol–cloud–climate interactions.

  7. Expression analysis of five tobacco EIN3 family members in relation to tissue-specific ethylene responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieu, I; Mariani, C; Weterings, K

    2003-10-01

    Ethylene induces different sets of genes in different tissues and at different stages of development. To investigate whether these differential responses are caused by differential expression of members of the EIN3 family transcription factors, five tobacco family members were isolated. They can be divided into three subgroups, which is probably due to the amphidiploid nature of tobacco. In phylogenetic analysis, each of the subgroups clustered with one of the three tomato EIL proteins and all NtEILs proved to be most homologous to Arabidopsis EIN3 and EIL1. Although organ-specific ethylene responses have been observed before, northern blot analysis showed that all NtEILs were expressed in all organs. To study differential NtEIL expression at the cellular level, in situ hybridization was used on the tobacco ovary. It was found that different ovary tissues displayed variable ethylene-induced expression of two ethylene-responsive marker genes. By contrast, no differences were found in expression level or tissue-specificity for any of the NtEILs in the ovary, before or after ethylene treatment. This indicates that the organ and tissue-specific ethylene responses are not caused by differential expression of NtEIL family members. These results support a model in which the developmental signals that regulate the tissue-specific responses are integrated with the ethylene signal downstream of a common primary ethylene-signalling pathway.

  8. Aerosol characteristics in the entrainment interface layer in relation to the marine boundary layer and free troposphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dadashazar, Hossein; Braun, Rachel A.; Crosbie, Ewan; Chuang, Patrick Y.; Woods, Roy K.; Jonsson, Haflidi H.; Sorooshian, Armin

    2018-02-01

    This study uses airborne data from two field campaigns off the California coast to characterize aerosol size distribution characteristics in the entrainment interface layer (EIL), a thin and turbulent layer above marine stratocumulus cloud tops, which separates the stratocumulus-topped boundary layer (STBL) from the free troposphere (FT). The vertical bounds of the EIL are defined in this work based on considerations of buoyancy and turbulence using thermodynamic and dynamic data. Aerosol number concentrations are examined from three different probes with varying particle diameter (Dp) ranges: > 3 nm, > 10 nm, and 0.11-3.4 µm. Relative to the EIL and FT layers, the sub-cloud (SUB) layer exhibited lower aerosol number concentrations and higher surface area concentrations. High particle number concentrations between 3 and 10 nm in the EIL are indicative of enhanced nucleation, assisted by high actinic fluxes, cool and moist air, and much lower surface area concentrations than the STBL. Slopes of number concentration versus altitude in the EIL were correlated with the particle number concentration difference between the SUB and lower FT layers. The EIL aerosol size distribution was influenced by varying degrees from STBL aerosol versus subsiding FT aerosol depending on the case examined. These results emphasize the important role of the EIL in influencing nucleation and aerosol-cloud-climate interactions.

  9. Polümeerne kultuuritegemine = Polymeric Culture-making / Karin Laansoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laansoo, Karin, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Endises "Polümeeri" tehases Tallinnas 2002. aastast tegutsevast kultuuritehasest "Polymer". Hoones on töökojad, kunstistuudiod (Mare Raidma, Neeme Külm, Raul Keller), kultuuritrükikoda, tegutsevad klubid, toimuvad peod jm. 2005. a. juulist peab kultuuritehas pinnad vabastama, sest kinnisvarafirma Brem lõpetas 21. IV ühepoolselt rendilepingu

  10. Sillamäele võib tekkida väike tsemenditehas / Erik Müürsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müürsepp, Erik

    2009-01-01

    Hispaania grupi Essentium ettevõte Essentium Cement Eesti OÜ tahab rajada Sillamäe sadama territooriumile terminali ja tehase. AS-i Kunda Nordic Tsement tegevdirektor arvab, et Eesti turul ei ole ruumi uutele tsemenditootjatele. Vt. samas: Investeering võib ulatuda kolme miljardini

  11. Soomlaste imerelv Nokia / Tarmo Virki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virki, Tarmo

    2001-01-01

    Lühiülevaade Nokia kontserni ajaloost, toetudes hiljuti ilmunud Martti Häikiö raamatule "Nokia inside story". Diagrammid ja skeem: Nokia aktsia hind börsil 1992-2000; Nokia enda investeeringud ning Soome riigi osa %-des 1981-2000; Nokia tehased ning ettevõtted Soomes aastal 1975

  12. Tallinna kerkib laserplaaditehas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Laserplaatide tootja Baltic Disc AS alustas Tallinnas CD- ja DVD-tehase ehitustöid. ASist Helisalv välja kasvanud Baltic Disc AS asutati möödunud aastal, tuleval aastal planeeritakse Tallinnas toota kuni 8 miljonit CDd ja DVDd

  13. Muretu elu oma majas / Susanne Vento

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vento, Susanne

    2008-01-01

    Lastega perele kujundatud maja (195 m2) Sivo Joutsenlahti Vaasa elamumessil. Simons Elementti puitkarkassiga eramu valmib tehases viies osas. Sisekujundaja Anne Melender. Söögilaua, diivanvoodi, elutoa diivanid ja tugitooli on disaininud disainer ja sisearhitekt Tomi Kouvola. Seintel Juhani Melenderi graafika. 10 värv. sisevaadet

  14. Kus tondid Tallinnas pidu peavad?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Lagunevatest hoonetest Tallinnas - end. Kalinini nimeline tehas, Eesti Meremuuseumi alal asuv hoone, Volta tehase hooned Tööstuse tänaval, Keraamikatehase hooned Maleva 2, Patarei vangla, Tina tänava juugendvilla (projekteerijad Karl Burman ja Artur Perna), puitelamu Kadriorus Poska 6

  15. 21. IV tähistasid Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Konverentsi ja näitusega tähistasid oma 80. aastapäeva Väärismetallasjade ja Märkide Tehas Roman Tavast OÜ ning OÜ Juveel. Konverentsil esinesid Raul-Roman Tavast, Kalev Uustalu, Vilius Kavaliauskas, Kaalu Kirme jt. Harulduste osakonna näitusesaalis kuni 21. V väljapanek tehases 80 aastal toodetust

  16. Nestle pärast tülli läinud linn / Michelle Conlin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Conlin, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    Ameerikas Põhja-Californias asuva väikelinna McCloudi elanikud on vastu Nestle Watters North America plaanile rajada sinna USA suurim allikaveevillimistehase tootmiskompleks. Linnarahvas on jagunenud kahte leeri - ühed pooldavad uusi töökohti andva tehase rajamist, teised kardavad halba mõju keskkonnale ning linnale. Vt. samas: Kas meid tuleks pudelist võõrutada?

  17. Estonian Cell peab suu kasumist puhtaks pühkima / Kaisa Tahlfeld, Katre Pilvinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tahlfeld, Kaisa

    2008-01-01

    Estonian Cell saatis valitsusele pöördumise, milles palutakse teha parandusi elektrienergiaga seonduvates seadustes, mis aitaksid ettevõtet energia hinnatõusu ajal. Elektri hinnatõusu tõttu on muutunud küsitavaks ka Nitroferti tehase edasine eksisteerimine

  18. Juhan Parts : "Panus tuleks teha tipptehnoloogiale ja koostööle teadlastega" / Juhan Parts ; interv. Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Jõgevamaal visiidil viibinud majandusminister Juhan Parts ettevõtete Valmeco ja Werol Tehased külastusest ja seal nähtust, Venemaa puidutarnetest, Eesti metsanduspoliitikast, Tallinn-Tartu maantee ehitusest, reisirongiliiklusest, ettevõtluse arengu võimalustest regioonis

  19. Eesti Energia lubab võlgades paberivabriku elektrita jätta / Eiris Teeveere, Päären Mardiste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teeveere, Eiris

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Energia lülitab välja elektri Kehras asuvas Horizon Tselluloosi ja Paberivabrikus, kui võlgu tähtajaks ei maksta. Tehase sulgemine tooks kaasa 500 inimese töötuks jäämise ning reovee puhastuse lõppemise

  20. Estonia no longer a cheap labor stop - Parts / Joel Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Joel

    2007-01-01

    Neli välismaalastest ettevõtte omanikku on sulgenud tehased Eestis, kuna ei leia tööjõudu. Peaminister Juhan Parts tõdes Eesti-Suurbritannia kaubanduskoja konverentsil, et Eestis pole enam odavat tööjõudu. J. Parts on pidanud vajalikuks, et Eesti ostaks tagasi Hansapanga

  1. Hetked puhast naudingut...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eestis Rosenthali salongides pakutakse Rosenthali (pannakse kokku Eestis) ja Pool Spa kaubamärgiga vanne, saunu ja kabiine, Portugali ja Itaalia sanitaarkeraamikat (kaubamärgid Valadares, Althea, Porta), Rosenthali ja Itaalia tehase Cristina segisteid, Hispaania ettevõtte Royo vannitoamööblit

  2. Estonija ne privlekatelna dlja zarubezhnõhh investorov / Kirill Smirnov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smirnov, Kirill

    2007-01-01

    Mäos avati ehituslike kuivsegude tehas Sakret OÜ. Läti investeeringu tähtsusest, Eesti ja Läti majandussuhetest ja koostööst. Tehase rajamisel arvestati eelkõige ekspordiga ida turule, kuid Venemaa ja Eesti pingestatud suhted võivad seda olulisel mõjutada

  3. Ufo on taas maandunud! / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2005-01-01

    1970. aastatel soome arhitekti Matti Suuroneni projekteeritud lendavat taldrikut meenutavast plastikust tulevikumajast Futoro, millest üks toodi 1995. a. Halinga keskuse juurde Pärnumaal ja praegu asub Tallinna lähedal. Maja valmistati Soome plasttoodete tehases Polykem. Soomlaste ufomajade ehitamise teostamata plaanist. 8 ill

  4. Jalax valmistab Eestis Tunturile trenazhööre / Signe Kalberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalberg, Signe, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Metalliettevõte Jalax ning jalgrataste ja trenazhööride tootja Accell Group loovad ühisettevõtte, mille rajatavas tehases Paide lähedal hakatakse kokku panema trenazhööre. Lisa: Toodab ka Stiga kelke

  5. Miks ta nii teeb? / Kristiina Voolaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voolaid, Kristiina

    1999-01-01

    Kuidas mõtleb ruumikujundaja, kui ta valib vorme, värve, materjale ja esemeid? Sisearhitekt Kristiina Voolaid seletab oma mõtteid Kawe Plaza hoones asuvate Hüvitusfondi ja Werol Tehased kontorite ning noorele perekonnale sisustatud vanalinnakorteri näitel

  6. Benzin iz rapsa : utopija ili realnaja perspektiva? / Oleg Samorodni

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Samorodni, Oleg, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Suurärimees Rein Kilgi eesmärgiks on viia Lõuna Toiduainetööstus Lõuna-Eesti juhtivaks ettevõtteks, seepärast käib ka võitlus rapsitööstuse Werol Tehased ostmise ümber ärimeeste Oliver Kruuda ja Urmas Sõõrumaaga

  7. Estonia will have broadband Internet coverage by 2015 / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Lairiba Arenduse Sihtasutuse projektist EstWin, mille ülesandeks on 2015. aasta lõpuks välja arendada Eesti maapiirkondades uue põlvkonna lairibavõrgu baasinfrastruktuur. Augusti lõpus avas Ericsson Eesti Tallinnas tehase, mis hakkab tootma kõrgtehnoloogilisi seadmeid, sh lairibavõrkude seadmeid mobiilside võrkudele. Diagrammid

  8. Valitsus Weroliga eksiteel / Heino Laiapea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laiapea, Heino, 1951-

    2005-01-01

    Valitsus otsustas vähendada rapsi töötleva AS-i Werol Tehased aktsiakapitali 45 miljoni kroonini ja müüa oma osaluse ettevõttes. AS Biodiesel ähvardab Werolit 70 miljoni kroonise trahvinõudega

  9. Riik nõuab Weroli endiselt juhilt 54 miljonit krooni / Mirko Ojakivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojakivi, Mirko

    2006-01-01

    Advokaadibüroo Laus & Partnerid koostatud õiguslikust analüüsist, milles käsitletakse Erki Aaviku tegevust AS-i Werol Tehased juhatuse liikmena. Riik on esitanud avalduse tsiviilhagi algatamise kohta E. Aavikult kahju väljanõudmiseks 54 miljoni krooni ulatuses, AS Biodiesel nõuab kohtu kaudu Werolilt 140 miljonit krooni. Lisa: Weroli kohal taas pankrotioht

  10. Tallinna Sadam peab plaani tööstuspargi rajamiseks / Alyona Stadnik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stadnik, Alyona

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Sadam peab läbirääkimisi tööstuspargi rajamiseks India investeerimisettevõttega Platinum Corporations, kes on huvitatud vanametalli töötlemise tehase rajamisest Eestisse ja kellele pakutakse maad Paldiski Lõunasadama tööstuspargis. Firma esindajatega on kohtunud ka majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts

  11. Experiencias interculturales y la pedagogia de la anglofonia en la ensenanza de ingles como lengua extranjera (EILE) desde una perspectiva deweyana. Working Paper (A Deweyan Perspective on Cross-Cultural Experiences and Anglophone Pedagogy in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language. Working Paper).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoreda, Margaret Lee

    This paper discusses a framework for teaching English as a foreign language that incorporates significant cultural content and fosters critical encounters with Anglophone culture. It reviews relevant contemporary perspectives for understanding cross-cultural processes within the foreign language teaching environment with emphasis on the issue of…

  12. Vahistatud Sposatot rahastavad SRÜ riikide tulevased presidendikandidaadid / Giovanni Sposato ; interv. Allar Tankler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sposato, Giovanni

    2001-01-01

    Raudtee erastamisest huvitatud Giovanni Sposato arreteeriti eile vahetult pärast seda, kui ta oli Olümüpia hotellis pressikonverentsi andnud ja SL Õhtulehele oma saladuslikke investoreid paljastanud

  13. ~ ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Professor eil White performed occupational assessments on several of the patients. ... study assessed whether early 'high-dose' IS therapy in new patients with generalised MG ...... cancer in patients receiving azathioprine."' The experience of.

  14. Eesti filmi "Jade Warrior" esilinastus Torontos / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2006-01-01

    Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendav fantaasiafilm "Igavese armastuse sõdalane - Jade Warrior" (Soome, Hiina ja Eesti ühistöö) esilinastus eile Toronto filmifestivalil. Andmed filmi tootmise ja levitamise kohta

  15. Britid võitlevad dotatsiooni eest / Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    1999-01-01

    Eile alustas Edelaraudtee erastamiskonkursil parima pakkumise teinud Suurbritannia raudtee-ettevõte GB Railways Group Plc erastamisagentuuriga läbirääkimisi reisijateveo riigipoolse dotatsiooni suuruse üle

  16. Euroopa asub rajama konkurenti GPSile / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2005-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu uue navigatsioonisüsteemi Galileo esimene satelliit saadeti eile kosmosesse. Satelliit GIOVE-A kujutab endast esimest ülekandemajakat, millega saab hakata looma kuni 30 satelliidist koosnevat globaalset navigatsioonivõrgustikku

  17. Nokia shokeeris aktsiaturge ootamatu käibehoiatusega / Romet Kreek, Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreek, Romet, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Nokia prognoosis esimeseks kvartaliks varasematest ootustest väiksemat käivet, mis langetas nii Nokia kui ka teiste tehnoloogiafirmade aktsiate hindasid. Diagramm: Käibehoiatus viis eile Nokia aktsia vabalangusse

  18. Techniques and results

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mudholkar, A.V.; Pattan, J.N.; Sudhakar, M.

    India Ltd (EIL) and Metallurgical and Engineering Consultants (MECON) were involved in the database management R & D efforts in the extraction of metallurgy of the nodules was started by various leading research centres in the country Efforts to develop...

  19. Jutta Rabe teeb Estonia hukust uue filmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Eile alustas Saksa ajakirjanik Jutta Rabe oma filmi "Baltic Storm" võtetega, mis kujutab parvlaev "Estonia" hukku venelaste vandenõu tulemusena. Peale Rabe on stsenaristid veel saksa advokaat Henning Witte ja rootslane Kaj Holmberg

  20. Jutta Rabe : suurriigid kasutasid Eestit ära / Jutta Rabe ; interv. Peeter Ernits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rabe, Jutta

    2003-01-01

    Saksa poliitiline põnevusfilm "Balti torm" ("Baltic Storm"), mis kujutab parvlaev "Estonia" hukku, esilinastus eile Eestis Coca-Cola Plazas. Saksa ajakirjanik, selle filmi stsenarist, produtsent ja peategelase prototüüp filmi kontseptsioonist

  1. Berliini filmifestivalil näeb ka Peeter Simmi filmi "Head käed" / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2002-01-01

    Berliini 52. filmifestival algas eile sakslase Tom Tykweri mängufilmiga "Taevas". Esmakordselt on festivali "Panorama" kavas eesti mängufilm, milleks on Peeter Simmi "Head käed". Eesti filmid on esil ka festivali suurel filmiturul

  2. Harry Potter jõudis ekraanile / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    Eile oli Londonis Joanne Rowling'u lasteraamatu "Harry Potter ja Tarkade kivi" ekraniseeringu esilinastus. Selle 125 miljonit dollarit maksnud USA filmi režissöör on Chris Columbus ja peaosas 12-aastane Daniel Radcliff

  3. Õpetajad õpivad filmi tegema

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eile alustas Kinobuss kooliõpetajatele mõeldud kursusega "Teaching with animation. Õpetamine animatsiooniga", kus tutvustatakse filmitegemise tehnikat ja õppetöös animatsiooni kasutamise võimalusi

  4. Inglise-Eesti digitaalfilmiprojekt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Eile kuulutati välja uus rahvusvaheline filmifestival "Põhjavalgus" ("Nordic Lights"), mille raames Marko Raat, Andri Luup ja Hendrik Toompere jun. lähevad Inglismaale sealse meeskonnaga filmi tegema

  5. Hea on avastada uusi ilmu / Mathura

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mathura, pseud., 1973-

    2008-01-01

    4.-13. aprillini Tallinnas Sõpruse kinos toimunud II Jaapani anime filmide festivalist JAFF. Pikemalt filmidest: "Minu naaber Totoro" - rezh. Hayao Miyazaki, "Appleseed" - rezh. Shinji Aramaki, "Alles eile" - rezh. Isao Takahata

  6. Aids röövib miljoneid elusid / Merit Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Merit, 1969-

    2001-01-01

    ÜRO Aidsiprogrammi (UN-AIDS) ja Maailma Tervishoiuorganisatsiooni eile avaldatud aastaaruandest selgub, et aasta jooksul on maailmas registreeritud umbes viis miljonit uut nakatunut ehk iga päev saab viiruse 14 000 inimest

  7. Iga päev teeb aborti 50 naist / Anneli Aasmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aasmäe, Anneli, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Pereplaneerimise Liit püstitas eile Tammsaare parki kiletelki sotsiaalreklaaminäituse In Out plakatid, mille eesmärgiks on algatada avalik arutelu abordi üle. Diagramm: Teismeliste rasedused ja abordid

  8. Euroliidu Galileo süsteem astub kandadele USA GPS-ile / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu uue navigatsioonisüsteemi Galileo esimene satelliit saadeti eile kosmosesse. Satelliit GIOVE-A kujutab endast esimest ülekandemajakat, millega saab hakata looma kuni 30 satelliidist koosnevat globaalset navigatsioonivõrgustikku

  9. Riikide ähvardamine trahviga sai europarlamendilt rohelise tule / Laura Raus ; kommenteerinud Wolf Klinz, Ivo Strejcek, Nikolaos Chountis, Ville Itälä

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raus, Laura

    2011-01-01

    Europarlament kiitis eile heaks kuue õigusakti paketi, mis annab võimaluse hakata alates 2014. aastast trahvima euroala riike, kelle majandus on tasakaalust väljas ja kes selle vastu vajalikke meetmeid ette ei võta

  10. Euroopa Komisjoni portfellid on jagatud / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Autor kommenteerib volinikukohtade jaotumist uute ja vanade, suurte ja väikeste liikmesriikide ametnike vahel. Lisa: Euroopa Komisjon avalikustas eile 25 portfelli omanikud. Vt. samas: Siim Kallas on AAA-volinik

  11. Noorteühenduste kogu tutvustab Euroopa Liitu / Jaanika Meier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meier, Jaanika

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Noorteühenduste Kogu tutvustab projekti "Kodanikuna Euroopa Liidus. Eile. Täna. Homme" noortele Euroopa Liitu, selle toimemehhanisme, arengusuundi ja liidus noortele pakutavaid võimalusi. Lisa: Kas teate

  12. Vimkameister Lennart / Tarmo Michelson, Jaan Väljaots, Allar Viivik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Humoorikaid seiku president Lennart Meri elust. Vt. samas: Lennart Meri: "Ma ei ole karsklane ja kannan tublisti."; Endel Lippmaa: eile algas talv; Hans Trass: "President jäi poisikeseks elu lõpuni."

  13. Environmental risk management for: insurance requirements, mergers and acquisitions and plant closures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pizzi, F.P.

    1985-03-01

    Industry cannot rely on external sources such as EIL Insurance as the primary vehicle for minimizing or reducing environmental liabilities. We must develop strong internal risk management programs and procedures to eliminate or minimize the risks from operations.

  14. Vene filmide festival Eestis / Riho Laurisaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurisaar, Riho

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas algas eile kolmas Vene filmide festival, mis toimub Tallinna kobarkinos ja alates 16. novembrist ka Narva kobarkinos. Algas festival nädala eest Riias. Vitali Melnikovi mängufilmist "Peksa vaenlast"

  15. Medical Research: A Bibliography of Walter Reed Army Medical Center Staff Publications, 1986-1989. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Schoomaker EB: Amenorrhea in Olympic marathon runners. Fertil Steril 1987 Nov;48(5):740-5. DMED 0 88030125 Glass AR, Eil C: Ketoconazole- induced ...response antigens. J Immunol 1986 Mar 1;136(5):1600-4. DMED 86141718 Deuster PA, Curiale AM, Cowan ML, Finkelman FD: Exercise - induced changes in...RA, Schoomaker EB: Amenorrhea in Olympic marathon runners. Fertil Steril 1987 Nov;48(5):740-5. DMED 88030125 Glass AR, Eil C: Ketoconazole- induced

  16. Investigation of organic light-emitting diodes with novel organic electron injection layers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sunae; Sethuraman, Kunjithapatham; An, Jongdeok; Im, Chan [Konkuk University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Boseon [Jinwoong Industrial Co. Ltd., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-03-15

    1-(diphenyl-phosphinoyl)-4-(2,2-diphenyl-vinyl)-benzene (DpDvB) and 4-(diphenyl-phosphinoyl)-4'-(2,2-diphenyl-vinyl)-biphenyl (DpDvBp) have been prepared and used as efficient electron injection layers (EILs) between aluminum cathode and tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum organic light emitting diodes (OLED). The performances of devices with different thicknesses of DpDvB and DpDvBp were investigated. Experimental results show that the turn-on voltage of the devices was decreased and the luminance of the devices was enhanced with increasing thickness of the EILs. Power efficiencies of 1.07 lm/W and 0.97 lm/W were obtained by inserting a 3-nm-thick EIL of DpDvB and a 5 nm thick EIL of DpDvBp, respectively. These efficiencies are comparable to that of the device using LiF as an EIL. The results prove that DpDvB and DpDvBp layers are also suitable for efficient EILs in OLEDs.

  17. Economic injury level for the coffee berry borer (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) using attractive traps in Brazilian coffee fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, F L; Picanço, M C; Campos, S O; Bastos, C S; Chediak, M; Guedes, R N C; Silva, R S

    2011-12-01

    The currently existing sample procedures available for decision-making regarding the control of the coffee berry borer Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) are time-consuming, expensive, and difficult to perform, compromising their adoption. In addition, the damage functions incorporated in such decision levels only consider the quantitative losses, while dismissing the qualitative losses. Traps containing ethanol, methanol, and benzaldehyde may allow cheap and easy decision-making. Our objective was to determine the economic injury level (EIL) for the adults of the coffee berry borer by using attractant-baited traps. We considered both qualitative and quantitative losses caused by the coffee borer in estimating the EILs. These EILs were determined for conventional and organic coffee under high and average plant yield. When the quantitative losses caused by H. hampei were considered alone, the EILs ranged from 7.9 to 23.7% of bored berries for high and average-yield conventional crops, respectively. For high and average-yield organic coffee the ELs varied from 24.4 to 47.6% of bored berries, respectively. When qualitative and quantitative losses caused by the pest were considered together, the EIL was 4.3% of bored berries for both conventional and organic coffee. The EILs for H. hampei associated to the coffee plants in the flowering, pinhead fruit, and ripening fruit stages were 426, 85, and 28 adults per attractive trap, respectively.

  18. Expansion of banana (Musa acuminata) gene families involved in ethylene biosynthesis and signalling after lineage-specific whole-genome duplications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jourda, Cyril; Cardi, Céline; Mbéguié-A-Mbéguié, Didier; Bocs, Stéphanie; Garsmeur, Olivier; D'Hont, Angélique; Yahiaoui, Nabila

    2014-05-01

    Whole-genome duplications (WGDs) are widespread in plants, and three lineage-specific WGDs occurred in the banana (Musa acuminata) genome. Here, we analysed the impact of WGDs on the evolution of banana gene families involved in ethylene biosynthesis and signalling, a key pathway for banana fruit ripening. Banana ethylene pathway genes were identified using comparative genomics approaches and their duplication modes and expression profiles were analysed. Seven out of 10 banana ethylene gene families evolved through WGD and four of them (1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase (ACS), ethylene-insensitive 3-like (EIL), ethylene-insensitive 3-binding F-box (EBF) and ethylene response factor (ERF)) were preferentially retained. Banana orthologues of AtEIN3 and AtEIL1, two major genes for ethylene signalling in Arabidopsis, were particularly expanded. This expansion was paralleled by that of EBF genes which are responsible for control of EIL protein levels. Gene expression profiles in banana fruits suggested functional redundancy for several MaEBF and MaEIL genes derived from WGD and subfunctionalization for some of them. We propose that EIL and EBF genes were co-retained after WGD in banana to maintain balanced control of EIL protein levels and thus avoid detrimental effects of constitutive ethylene signalling. In the course of evolution, subfunctionalization was favoured to promote finer control of ethylene signalling. © 2014 CIRAD New Phytologist © 2014 New Phytologist Trust.

  19. Stochastic modeling of economic injury levels with respect to yearly trends in price commodity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damos, Petros

    2014-05-01

    The economic injury level (EIL) concept integrates economics and biology and uses chemical applications in crop protection only when economic loss by pests is anticipated. The EIL is defined by five primary variables: the cost of management tactic per production unit, the price of commodity, the injury units per pest, the damage per unit injury, and the proportionate reduction of injury averted by the application of a tactic. The above variables are related according to the formula EIL = C/VIDK. The observable dynamic alteration of the EIL due to its different parameters is a major characteristic of its concept. In this study, the yearly effect of the economic variables is assessed, and in particular the influence of the parameter commodity value on the shape of the EIL function. In addition, to predict the effects of the economic variables on the EIL level, yearly commodity values were incorporated in the EIL formula and the generated outcomes were further modelled with stochastic linear autoregressive models having different orders. According to the AR(1) model, forecasts for the five-year period of 2010-2015 ranged from 2.33 to 2.41 specimens per sampling unit. These values represent a threshold that is in reasonable limits to justify future control actions. Management actions as related to productivity and price commodity significantly affect costs of crop production and thus define the adoption of IPM and sustainable crop production systems at local and international levels. This is an open access paper. We use the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license that permits unrestricted use, provided that the paper is properly attributed.

  20. Changes in ethylene signaling and MADS box gene expression are associated with banana finger drop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubert, O; Piral, G; Galas, C; Baurens, F-C; Mbéguié-A-Mbéguié, D

    2014-06-01

    Banana finger drop was examined in ripening banana harvested at immature (iMG), early (eMG) and late mature green (lMG) stages, with contrasting ripening rates and ethylene sensitivities. Concomitantly, 11 ethylene signal transduction components (ESTC) and 6 MADS box gene expressions were comparatively studied in median (control zone, CZ) and pedicel rupture (drop zone DZ) areas in peel tissue. iMG fruit did not ripen or develop finger drop while eMG and lMG fruits displayed a similar finger drop pattern. Several ESTC and MADS box gene mRNAs were differentially induced in DZ and CZ and sequentially in eMG and lMG fruits. MaESR2, 3 and MaEIL1, MaMADS2 and MaMADS5 had a higher mRNA level in eMG and acted earlier, whereas MaERS1, MaCTR1, MaEIL3/AB266319, MaEIL4/AB266320 and MaEIL5/AB266321, MaMADS4 and to a lesser extent MaMADS2 and 5 acted later in lMG. In this fruit, MaERS1 and 3, MaCTR1, MaEIL3, 4 and MaEIL5/AB266321, and MaMADS4 were enhanced by finger drop, suggesting their specific involvement in this process. MaEIL1, MaMADS1 and 3, induced at comparable levels in DZ and CZ, are probably related to the overall fruit ripening process. These findings led us to consider that developmental cues are the predominant finger drop regulation factor. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Miks 80% neist, kes tulemuspalka kasutavad, rahul ei ole

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Palgasüsteemide konsultant, Gowri päevasärkide tehase direktor Mart Kirsipuu ja palgamaksja Aavo Kokku arutlevad teemal tulemuspalk ning palgasüsteemid ettevõttes. Lisad: Motivaatorid, mis panevad inimesed tublisti tööle. Mis on Hay palgasüsteem. Vt. samas: Indrek Orro. Mis on äririski palk?; Kaspars Kaulinsh. Kui firmal läheb halvasti, peavad kannatama ka töötajad

  2. Meediakunsti mainet saab tõsta ainult järjekindla tööga / Jane Suviste, Piibe Piirma ; interv. Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suviste, Jane

    2006-01-01

    Intervjuu 2006. a. jaanuaris loodud Eesti Meediakunstnike Ühingu asutajaliikmetega. Ühingu eesmärgist, MediaLabist Polümeeri tehases, koostööst EKA e-meedia keskusega, plaanitavast koostööst Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli ja Mooste külalisateljeega, austria kunstniku Barbara Musili videote näitusest MediaLabis 7. IV, mai algul toimunud üritusest "Switch", laste ja noorte kaasamisest jm.

  3. Heino Harak : biodiislikütus paisataks Eesti tanklatesse 2006. aasta lõpuks / Heino Harak ; interv. Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Harak, Heino, 1941-

    2005-01-01

    Firma Biodiesel suuromanik vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad biodiislikütuse tehase rajamist, kütuse müüki, tavalise diislikütuse ja biodiislikütuse hinna vahet, Werol Tehaste kava müüa oma osalus Biodieselis, biodiislikütuse võimalikku vabastamist aktsiisimaksust. Diagrammid: Biodiislikütus on aktsiisiga liiga kallis. Lisad: Biodiislikütusest on puudu kogu Euroopas; Kes ta on?

  4. Noort moodi / Kätlin Karik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karik, Kätlin

    2011-01-01

    ERKI Moeshow Volta tehases 4. juunil 2011. Loetletud lavale pääsenud kollektsioonid. Pikemalt kollektsioonidest "All that money" (Madis Luik, Karen Milistver, Nele Aunap), "Satellite orchids" (Olga Jazepova), "Vaktsiin" (Triinu Jõhve, Diana Tombak, Katrina Kaubi, Maarja Siim, Piret Mägi, Elina Peippo), "I love you...me neither" (Olga Rattik), "Haute sport couture" (Kristina Tatarinova). Kollektsioonide autorid vastavad kolmele küsimusele

  5. Rainfall and earthquake-induced landslide susceptibility assessment using GIS and Artificial Neural Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Li

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A GIS-based method for the assessment of landslide susceptibility in a selected area of Qingchuan County in China is proposed by using the back-propagation Artificial Neural Network model (ANN. Landslide inventory was derived from field investigation and aerial photo interpretation. 473 landslides occurred before the Wenchuan earthquake (which were thought as rainfall-induced landslides (RIL in this study, and 885 earthquake-induced landslides (EIL were recorded into the landslide inventory map. To understand the different impacts of rainfall and earthquake on landslide occurrence, we first compared the variations between landslide spatial distribution and conditioning factors. Then, we compared the weight variation of each conditioning factor derived by adjusting ANN structure and factors combination respectively. Last, the weight of each factor derived from the best prediction model was applied to the entire study area to produce landslide susceptibility maps.

    Results show that slope gradient has the highest weight for landslide susceptibility mapping for both RIL and EIL. The RIL model built with four different factors (slope gradient, elevation, slope height and distance to the stream shows the best success rate of 93%; the EIL model built with five different factors (slope gradient, elevation, slope height, distance to the stream and distance to the fault has the best success rate of 98%. Furthermore, the EIL data was used to verify the RIL model and the success rate is 92%; the RIL data was used to verify the EIL model and the success rate is 53%.

  6. Hypersensitive ethylene signaling and ZMdPG1 expression lead to fruit softening and dehiscence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Li

    Full Text Available 'Taishanzaoxia' fruit rapid softening and dehiscence during ripening stage and this process is very sensitive to endogenous ethylene. In this study, we cloned five ethylene signal transcription factors (ZMdEIL1, ZMdEIL2, ZMdEIL3, ZMdERF1 and ZMdERF2 and one functional gene, ZMdPG1, encoding polygalacturonase that could loose the cell connection which associated with fruit firmness decrease and fruit dehiscence to illustrate the reasons for this specific fruit phenotypic and physiological changes. Expression analysis showed that ZMdERF1 and ZMdEIL2 transcription were more abundant in 'Taishanzaoxia' softening fruit and dehiscent fruit and their expression was inhibited by an ethylene inhibitor 1-methylcyclopropene. Therefore, ZMdERF1 and ZMdEIL2 expression were responses to endogenous ethylene and associated with fruit softening and dehiscence. ZMdPG1 expression was induced when fruit softening and dehiscence but this induction can be blocked by 1-MCP, indicating that ZMdPG1 was essential for fruit softening and dehiscence and its expression was mediated by the endogenously occurred ethylene. ZMdPG1 overexpression in Arabidopsis led to silique early dehiscence while suppressing ZMdPG1 expression by antisense ZMdPG1 prevented silique naturally opening. The result also suggested that ZMdPG1 related with the connection between cells that contributed to fruit softening and dehiscence. ZMdERF1 was more closely related with ethylene signaling but it was not directly regulated the ZMdPG1, which might be regulated by the synergic pattern of ethylene transcription factors because of both the ZMdERF1 and ZMdERF2 could interact with ZMdEIL2.

  7. Algasid Henno "Mina olin siin" järgi tehtava filmi võtted

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eile algasid noortefilmi "Mina olin siin" võtted. Filmi aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", stsenaariumi kirjutas Ilmar Raag, lavastab Rene Vilbre, operaator on Mait Mäekivi, peaosas Rasmus Kaljujärv, produtsendiks Riina Sildos

  8. Cultural Identity in Korean English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Bok-Myung

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the cultural identity of Korean English and to make the intercultural communications among non-native speakers successful. The purposes of this study can be summarized as follows: 1) to recognize the concept of English as an International Language (EIL), 2) to emphasize cross-cultural understanding in the globalized…

  9. Which English? Whose English? An Investigation of "Non-Native" Teachers' Beliefs about Target Varieties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Tony Johnstone; Walsh, Steve

    2010-01-01

    This study explored the beliefs of "non-native English speaking" teachers about the usefulness and appropriacy of varieties such as English as an International Language (EIL) and English as a Lingua Franca (ELF), compared with native speaker varieties. The study therefore addresses the current theoretical debate concerning "appropriate" target…

  10. Teaching English or Producing Docility? Foucauldian Analysis of Pakistani State-Mandated English Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Channa, Liaquat Ali; Gilhooly, Daniel; Channa, Abdul Razaque; Manan, Syed Abdul

    2017-01-01

    The scholarship of language education, particularly with reference to learning and use of English, is marked by varieties of English. One may note two broad models: (1) ENL, ESL, and EFL; (2) EIL, ELF, and WEs. Although the scholarship is replete with debates, the debates seem to only construct and maintain that learning English and its use are…

  11. Black Hawkid harjutasid Pakri poolsaarel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    USA 173. õhudessantbrigaadi Eestis viibiv kompanii ja Scoutspataljoni C-kompanii jalaväerühma kaitseväelased alustasid eile ühisõppust, mille käigus harjutatakse kahe Black Hawk UH-60 helikopteriga nelja Pakri poolsaarel asuva õppeobjekti ründamist

  12. Eestit külastab 17 USA kindralit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Kaitseväe juhataja kindralleitnant Riho Terras tutvustas eile mereväebaasis 17 Eestis viibivale Ameerika Ühendriikide kõrgemale ohvitserile meie riigikaitsesüsteemi. Enne Eestit käisid õppereisil viibivad ohvitserid Ukrainas ja Moldovas

  13. Jänkid vallutasid Rooma / Triin Teramäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teramäe, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Teiselt Rooma filmifestivalilt, kus Marcus Aureliuse parima filmi auhinna sai USA "Juno" (režissöör Jason Reitman). Huvitavaid filme : Francis Ford Coppola "Noorus ilma nooruseta" ("Jouth without Youth"), Robert Redfordi "Kes liigutavad ettureid" ("Lions for Lambs"), Sean Penni "Metsikusse loodusesse" ("Into the Wild"), dokfilm Sophie Lorenist "Sophia: eile, täna, homme" jt. Lisatud auhindade nimekiri

  14. Antonio Machado y Ruiz (1875-1939) / koost. ja tlk. Andres Ehin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Hispaania luuletajast Antonio Machadost. Sisaldab ka autori luuletusi "Vanasõnad ja laulud XXIX", "Kas mu süda on uinunud?", "Kõrgmaa laulud", "Tuul, toreda päeva tuul", "Eile öösel nägin und", "Neli luuletust"

  15. Paldiski-film Venezia festivalil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Eile alanud Veneetsia 59. filmifestivali võistlusprogrammi avafilm on eluloofilm mehhiko kunstnikust Frida Kahlost "Frida", mille režissööriks on Julie Taymor. Programmis "Vastuvoolu" näidatakse suures osas Paldiskis vändatud rootsi mängufilmi "Lilja 4-Ever", kus kõrvalosas ka Tõnu Kark

  16. Exploring the Hidden Agenda in the Representation of Culture in International and Localised ELT Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tajeddin, Zia; Teimournezhad, Shohreh

    2015-01-01

    The rise of English as an international language (EIL) has challenged the focus on native-speaker culture in second language teaching and learning. Exposing learners to a single culture is no longer considered sufficient as intercultural language teaching and understanding gains momentum. The aim of this study was to investigate the representation…

  17. Western bean cutworm survival and the development of economic injury levels and economic thresholds in field corn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paula-Moraes, S; Hunt, T E; Wright, R J; Hein, G L; Blankenship, E E

    2013-06-01

    Western bean cutworm, Striacosta albicosta (Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is a native pest of dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and corn (Zea mays L.). Historically, the western bean cutworm was distributed in the western United States, but since 1999 eastward expansion has been observed. In corn, economic impact is caused by larval ear feeding. Information on western bean cutworm biology, ecology, and economic impact is relatively limited, and the development of economic injury levels (EILs) and economic thresholds (ETs) is required for more effective management. Studies during 2008-2011, across three ecoregions of Nebraska, sought to characterize western bean cutworm survival and development of EILs and ETs. Calculations of EILs and ETs incorporated the dynamics of corn price, management cost, and pest survival. The results from the current study demonstrated low larval survival of this species (1.51-12.82%). The mean yield loss from one western bean cutworm larva per plant was 945.52 kg/ha (15.08 bu/acre), based on 74,100 plants per ha. Economic thresholds are expressed as a percentage of plants with at least one egg mass. This study is the first study that explicitly incorporates variable management costs and crop values into western bean cutworm EIL calculations, and larval survival into ET calculations.

  18. The Teaching of English as an International Language in Japan: An Answer to the Dilemma of Indigenous Values and Global Needs in the Expanding Circle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hino, Nobuyuki

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the ambivalent nature of Japanese attitudes toward English vis-a-vis the Japanese language, followed by a discussion of Japanese efforts in incorporating the concept of English as an International Language (EIL) into their educational system and teaching practice as a solution to this dilemma. While the Japanese have an…

  19. Interculturalidad y anglofonia en la ensenanza del ingles como lengua extranjera (Interculturalism and Anglophone Studies in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoreda, Margaret Lee; Revilla, Teresa Flores

    This article, written in Spanish, proposes to incorporate the subject "Anglophonism" into the curriculum of English as a Foreign Language (EILE) with a view to providing universities with an intercultural division. It provides a brief summary of John Dewey's philosophy with regard to anthropology, politics, and education. It explains the term…

  20. Põhja-Korea raketirahe ajas maailma vihale / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 6. juuli lk. 10. Põhja-Korea katsetas eile seitsmendat korda rakette, sundides ÜRO julgeolekunõukogu erakorralisele koosolekule. Analüütikute hinnangul soovib Põhja-Korea sel viisil tõmmata endale USA tähelepanu kahepoolsete kõneluste alustamiseks. Lisa: Kommunistliku riigi relvakatsetused

  1. Nokia kahvatu kvartaliaruanne paiskas aktsia langusesse / Tõnis Arnover

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arnover, Tõnis, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Nokia kvartaliaruande kohaselt on vähenenud nii ettevõtte käive kui ka mobiiltelefonimüügi turuosa. Graafik: Nokia aktsia hind langes eile pärast tulemuste avaldamist. Vt. samas: Sony Ericsson tõusuteel

  2. Where the Difference Lies: Teachers' Perceptions toward Cultural Content of ELT Books in Three Circles of World Englishes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monfared, Abbas; Mozaheb, Mohammad Amin; Shahiditabar, Mostafa

    2016-01-01

    Drawing on the literature on culture and intercultural communication, current discussions surrounding English as an international language (EIL), and cultural appropriation of ELT books in local communities, this article reports the findings of a qualitative and qualitative research study with English language teachers from Inner (40 American, 36…

  3. Noormees sai Eesti Päevalehe abiga magistrikraadi / Piia Puuraid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puuraid, Piia

    2013-01-01

    Eile sai magistrikraadi Marek Süld, kelle isa Mati Süld Eesti Päevalehest tasuta õpingud võitis. Eesti Päevaleht loosis 2010. aastal välja 13 tasuta Estonian Business Schooli bakalaureuse- või magistriprogrammi

  4. JAFF jätkub Sõpruses kahe erikavaga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Kolmas Jaapani animafilmifestival (JAFF) jätkub edukalt Tallinna kinos Sõprus ja algas eile ka Tartus Athena keskuses. Tallinnas stardivad animasüžeede järgi valminud mängufilmide programm ning animaklassika. Filmidest nendes programmides

  5. "Mul ei ole aega paksuks minna, ma ei tunne hirmu ka vanaduse ees!" / Janika Mölder ; interv. Kaja Roomets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mölder, Janika, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Janika Mölder tõestas eile rahvusvahelisel iluvõimlemisvõistlusel Tartus, et pärast kümneaastast vaheaega on tema sportlik vorm suurepärane. Vestlus iluvõimlejaga. Lisa: "Miss Valentine 2003" tulemused

  6. Riigiprokuröriks pürgija võib vabaneda eksamist / Kai Kalamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Kai

    2007-01-01

    Justiitsminister Rein Lang tutvustas eile seaduseparandust, mis kaotab uute riigiprokuröride ametisse võtmisel ära eksami ja avaliku konkursi, andes prokuröride määramise peaprokuröri ja justiitsministri enda pädevusse

  7. Imavere Sawmill is Stora Ensos Jewel in the Region / Seppo Vainio ; interv. Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vainio, Seppo

    2004-01-01

    Skandinaavia metsanduskontserni Stora Enso Timberi tegevuse juht Baltikumis vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Eesti suurima metsatööstuse Sylvesteri ostu 2003. aastal, Baltikumi üksuste osa Stora Enso tegevuses, Imavere saeveski valimist aasta välisinvestoriks. Vt. samas: Imavere saeveski eile ja täna. Tabel: "Välisinvestor 2004" nominendid

  8. Nafta hind aitas Vene börsi rekordile / Virge Lahe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahe, Virge

    2007-01-01

    Nafta hinna tõus on avaldanud Venemaa aktsiaturgudele positiivset mõju, tõstes aktsiahinna indeksi kõigi aegade kõrgeima tasemeni. Diagramm: RTS võttis eile rekordtaseme juures hoo maha. Tabel: Venemaa aktsiatehingute teenustasud Eesti maaklerfirmades

  9. Löök ajalehega ja seejärel kallistus / Tea Raidsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidsalu, Tea

    2008-01-01

    Viljandis kogunes eile kamp noori, kes nüpeldasid üksteist rullikeeratud ajalehega ning hetke pärast embasid. Tallinna ülikooli sotsiaalteaduste tudeng Erki Kaikkonen selgitas, et aktsioon kannab nimetust flash mob ning eesmärk oli katsetada, kuidas niisugune omalaadne sotsiaalse suhtlemise vorm töötaks Viljandis

  10. Vittorio De Sica viis meistritööd / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2008-01-01

    DVD-st "Vittorio De Sica Masterpiece Collection", kus on peal itaalia filmirežissööri Vittorio De Sica viis teost: "Jalgratavargad" ("Ladri di biciclette", 1948), "Ime Milanos" ("Miraclo a milano", 1951), "Umberto D." (1952), "Eile täna, homme" ("Ieri, oggi, domani", 1963), "Ajatu filmikunst" ("Cinema senza tempo: Cosi e la vita", 2001)

  11. Teaching English as an International Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selvi, A. F.; Yazan, B.

    2013-01-01

    English has unquestionably become a global phenomenon, generating a fundamental discussion of EIL pedagogy for English language teaching practitioners around the world. Teaching English as an International Language captures this important moment in the history of English language teaching. Readers will find an accessible introduction to the past,…

  12. Flood Control, Roseau River, Roseau and Kittson Counties, Minnesota. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-01

    business, and entrepreneur acquisition of presently marginal lands. The perceived result of withdrawal would be the shift of Roseau County from a com...impact statement (5S1) for this project we* plsed oa Eile witb the Council on Invironmenal Quality (CEQ) in April 1972. Because of incresing eaviromatal

  13. Kinetic characteristics of euflammation: the induction of controlled inflammation without overt sickness behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarr, Andrew J; Liu, Xiaoyu; Reed, Nathaniel S; Quan, Ning

    2014-11-01

    We found recently that controlled progressive challenge with subthreshold levels of E. coli can confer progressively stronger resistance to future reinfection-induced sickness behavior to the host. We have termed this type of inflammation "euflammation". In this study, we further characterized the kinetic changes in the behavior, immunological, and neuroendocrine aspects of euflammation. Results show euflammatory animals only display transient and subtle sickness behaviors of anorexia, adipsia, and anhedonia upon a later infectious challenge which would have caused much more severe and longer lasting sickness behavior if given without prior euflammatory challenges. Similarly, infectious challenge-induced corticosterone secretion was greatly ameliorated in euflammatory animals. At the site of E.coli priming injections, which we termed euflammation induction locus (EIL), innate immune cells displayed a partial endotoxin tolerant phenotype with reduced expression of innate activation markers and muted inflammatory cytokine expression upon ex vivo LPS stimulation, whereas innate immune cells outside EIL displayed largely opposite characteristics. Bacterial clearance function, however, was enhanced both inside and outside EIL. Finally, sickness induction by an infectious challenge placed outside the EIL was also abrogated. These results suggest euflammation could be used as an efficient method to "train" the innate immune system to resist the consequences of future infectious/inflammatory challenges. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Aigars Grauba : filmi "Riia kaitsjad" polnud kerge teha / Aigars Grauba ; interv. Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grauba, Aigars

    2007-01-01

    Läti režissöör oma mängufilmist "Riia kaitsjad", mis käsitleb lätlaste 1919.a. novembrikuu lahingut Riia pärast Saksa ja Vene väe vastu (produtsent Andrejs Ekis). Filmi näidati eile Balti filmiturul Baltic Event Tallinnas

  15. Thursday Programme of CineGlobe Festival 2015

    CERN Multimedia

    Cugini, Pavel

    2015-01-01

    The CineGlobe Programme on Thursday 26th March 2015 counted with two short-films inspired by science sessions, two workshops on the 360 degree dome, and a special evening show in collaboration with the Mapping Festival, to celebrate the UNESCO Year of Light. The evening open with Diego Blas, CERN theorist, talking about Light, Einstein and the LHC to celebrate the UNESCO International Year of Light. Followed by a performance by the artist YRO_EILE_18. The artist Yro presents Eile, a live installation performance where light, sound, and cinema converge to tell a timeless story. EILE is a live cinema performance, in which yro makes live sound and images with a camera, some microphones and small objects like stones, balls, bits of paper and string.These materials allow him to create videos and sound, which aesthetics are close to abstract cinema and object theater assembled, sampled and grinded . The process is part of the staging itself as well as the film that results. Indescribable Eile is lived as an experie...

  16. Cultural Diversity in English Language Teaching: Learners' Voices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinh, Nguyen Duc

    2013-01-01

    The focus of culture in English language teaching (ELT) has traditionally been on the target culture of English speaking countries. However, the new status of English as international language (EIL) has led to significant changes in the practice of teaching and learning culture in ELT. Rather than relying on the paradigm of native speaker…

  17. Väike naine Swalloẁ tänavalt : [luuletused] / W. S. Merwin ; tõlk. Jüri Talvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merwin, W. S.

    2008-01-01

    Sisu: Väike naine Swalloẁ tänavalt ; Õhk ; Mõned viimased küsimused ; On märts ; Kui sõda on möödas ; Asiaadid suremas ; Uks ; Eile ; Poeg. Elu- ja loomeloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 521

  18. Kas Kiiev alistubki Gazpromile? / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Hiljuti pikendas Ukraina Vene mereväebaasi viibimist Sevastopolis, eile arutas Venemaa president Dmitri Medvedev Ukraina maagaasigigandi Naftogaz liitmist Gazpromiga. Venemaa pakub investeeringuid Ukraina majandusse, kuid samas on esitanud nimekirja Ukraina territooriumil asuvatest ehitistest ja objektidest, mida peab endale kuuluvaks. Ekspeaminister Julia Tõmošenko hinnangul lammutab Ukraina valitsus Ukraina riiki

  19. Divine Interventions: Needs Analysis for Post-Graduate Academic Literacy and Curriculum Development, in a South African School of Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Fiona

    2005-01-01

    This paper provides a critical exploration of work in progress to develop a genre based academic support that promotes post-graduate academic literacies among new EIL and EAL Hons and Masters students in the School of Theology, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg. It traces the path of an action research project, using an eclectic needs analysis…

  20. World Englishes, English as an International Language and Applied Linguistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilickaya, Ferit

    2009-01-01

    The paper discusses World Englishes (WEs) in relation to English as an International Language (EIL) and Applied Linguistics. Taking into account Kachru's interesting but at the same time controversial debate about the status of English in its varieties, which are commonly called WEs and the opposing ideas presented by Quirk, it is aimed to present…

  1. Development of a native Escherichia coli induction system for ionic liquid tolerance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marijke Frederix

    Full Text Available The ability to solubilize lignocellulose makes certain ionic liquids (ILs very effective reagents for pretreating biomass prior to its saccharification for biofuel fermentation. However, residual IL in the aqueous sugar solution can inhibit the growth and function of biofuel-producing microorganisms. In E. coli this toxicity can be partially overcome by the heterologous expression of an IL efflux pump encoded by eilA from Enterobacter lignolyticus. In the present work, we used microarray analysis to identify native E. coli IL-inducible promoters and develop control systems for regulating eilA gene expression. Three candidate promoters, PmarR', PydfO', and PydfA', were selected and compared to the IPTG-inducible PlacUV5 system for controlling expression of eilA. The PydfA' and PmarR' based systems are as effective as PlacUV5 in their ability to rescue E. coli from typically toxic levels of IL, thereby eliminating the need to use an IPTG-based system for such tolerance engineering. We present a mechanistic model indicating that inducible control systems reduce target gene expression when IL levels are low. Selected-reaction monitoring mass spectrometry analysis revealed that at high IL concentrations EilA protein levels were significantly elevated under the control of PydfA' and PmarR' in comparison to the other promoters. Further, in a pooled culture competition designed to determine fitness, the strain containing pPmarR'-eilA outcompeted strains with other promoter constructs, most significantly at IL concentrations above 150 mM. These results indicate that native promoters such as PmarR' can provide effective systems for regulating the expression of heterologous genes in host engineering and simplify the development of industrially useful strains.

  2. Meenutusi õpetajast

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Õpetaja Aleksander Meost meenutavad professor, Venemaa teeneline teadus- ja tehnikategelane L. Wolf, Peterburi Riikliku Elektrotehnikaülikooli dotsent V. Meos, Peterburi Riikliku Tehnoloogia ja Disaini Ülikooli professor K. Perepjolkin, Usbekistanist H. Alimova ja K. Jergašev, Mogiljovi Tehnoloogiainstituudi professor B. Geller, Bulgaaria Keemiatööstuse Ministeeriumist A. Filipova, Leningradi keemiliste kiudude tehase peainsener 1964-1989 L. Slinko, Peterburi Riikliku Tehnoloogia ja Disaini Ülikooli professor, orienteeritud polümeeride mehaanika laboratooriumi juhataja A. Stalevitš, keemiadoktor (Itaalia firma "Finimpianti") J. Kirilenko, Mogiljovi kunstkiutehase direktor V. Petrov ning professor S. Papkov

  3. Tegijate lemmik : kompaktne moodulmaja Laavu / Agneta Land

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Land, Agneta

    2008-01-01

    Eriprojekti järgi ehitatud eramutest ja valmismajadest, mille osad tehakse tehases ning transporditakse krundile püstitamiseks. Soome ehitusfirma Kannustalo moodulmajast Laavu, mis pälvis 2007. a. Habitare messil professionaalide auhinna kui messi parim ja aasta innovatiivseim toode. Maja projekteeris arhitektuuribüroo Heikkinen-Komonen (arhitektid Mikko Heikkinen, Markku Komonen). Küsimustele vastab Kannustalo tegevdirektor Mika Uusimäki. Mikko Heikkineni ja Markku Komoneni projekteeritud valmismaja "Puudutus" eksponeeritakse New Yorgi Moodsa Kunsti Muuseumi (MoMa) näitusel "Kodu koju kätte: moodsa elamu tootmine"

  4. Impact of standards and certification on environmental impairment liability insurance programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gulledge, W.P.

    1993-01-01

    Environmental impairment liability (EIL) insurance is available for petroleum storage tank and other environmental exposures. Recent standards and performance criteria for leak detection for underground storage tanks (USTs) and other technical standards for USTs have been both a benefit and an interference to risk-based underwriting of storage tank EIL insurance programs. Insurance underwriters and state financial responsibility program administrators are confronted with confusing information to manage these environmental risks. Standards and certification are also key issues for site assessment programs. Recent activities from ASTM and the Institute for Environmental Auditing (IEA) have addressed the need to increase the professional stature of site assessments and environmental management. Reaction and acceptance of these efforts by the users have been mixed. Ultimately, these efforts will greatly impact insurance coverage for environmental risks

  5. Significant relaxation of residual negative carrier in polar Alq3 film directly detected by high-sensitivity photoemission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinjo, Hiroumi; Lim, Hyunsoo; Sato, Tomoya; Noguchi, Yutaka; Nakayama, Yasuo; Ishii, Hisao

    2016-02-01

    Tris(8-hydroxyquinoline)aluminum (Alq3) has been widely applied as a good electron-injecting layer (EIL) in organic light-emitting diodes. High-sensitivity photoemission measurement revealed a clear photoemission by visible light, although its ionization energy is 5.7 eV. This unusual photoemission is ascribed to Alq3 anions captured by positive polarization charges. The observed electron detachment energy of the anion was about 1 eV larger than the electron affinity reported by inverse photoemission. This difference suggests that the injected electron in the Alq3 layer is energetically relaxed, leading to the reduction in injection barrier. This nature is one of the reasons why Alq3 worked well as the EIL.

  6. Hinnasõda Soome mobiiliturul kukutas TeliaSonera aktsiat / Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matson, Annika, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Telekomifirma TeliaSonera aktsia hind langes 26. apr. Stockholmi börsil 6,4%, mis on kahe viimase aasta suurim langus. Vt. samas: ING soovitas eile Eesti Telekomi müüa; TeliaSonera Soome tegevdirektor lahkub ametist ilma hüvitiseta. Lisa: Välja käidud kehv prognoos langetas aktsiat päevaga 6,4%

  7. Hotel bõ tsvetotshnoi vjazju : [luuletused] / Juhan Liiv ; lühibiograafia: S. S. [Svetlan Semenenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liiv, Juhan, 1864-1913

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: Hotel bõ tsvetotshnoi vjazju ; Za sine morje ; Sosna ; Ona ishtshet ulei ; Putnik ; Pesnja o prohhodjashtshem / tlk. Boriss Shtein ; Potolok v nashem dome tsheren ; Veresk / tlk. Valentin Rushkis ; Vtshera ja videl Estoniju! ; Kak ona nevzratshna / tlk. Svetlan Semenenko. Orig.: Ma lillesideme võtaks ; Üle vee ; Mänd ; Ta lendab meispuu poole ; Rändaja ; Laul sellest kaduvast ; Must lagi on meie toal ; Oh kanarbik, oh lilleke! ; Eile nägin ma Eestimaad ; Ilus ta ei ole

  8. 英語教育と文化 : 日本の英語教育における文化の位置づけ

    OpenAIRE

    足立, 匡行; Masayuki, Adachi; 桜美林大学人文学系; Obirin University

    2008-01-01

    Various forms of English are spoken in different parts of the world and English has become a means of intercultural communication. However, the notion of "English as International Language" (EIL) is not well known in Japan. Due to this lack of knowledge, Japanese university students tend to think that American and British English are the only "correct" forms of English. This paper argues that the aim of English study in Japan should not focus on mastering English like native speakers but rath...

  9. Eesti Päevaleht korjas kolm pressipreemiat / Mari Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Mari

    2006-01-01

    Eile jagas Eesti Ajalehtede Liit 2005. aasta ajakirjandussaavutuste eest preemiaid. Eesti Päevaleht sai kujundusauhinna esikaane ja uudiskülgede eest ning arvamusloo preemia. Esikülje kujundusauhinna sai "Eesti Päevalehe" peakunstnik Merike Pinn. Parimateks uudisfoto autoriteks tunnistati Andras Kralla "Äripäevast" ja Margus Ansu "Tartu Postimehest", parimateks olemusfoto autoriteks Raul Mee "Äripäevast" ja Sille Annuk "Tartu Postimehest"

  10. Student perceptions of independent versus facilitated small group learning approaches to compressed medical anatomy education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whelan, Alexander; Leddy, John J; Mindra, Sean; Matthew Hughes, J D; El-Bialy, Safaa; Ramnanan, Christopher J

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare student perceptions regarding two, small group learning approaches to compressed (46.5 prosection-based laboratory hours), integrated anatomy education at the University of Ottawa medical program. In the facilitated active learning (FAL) approach, tutors engage students and are expected to enable and balance both active learning and progression through laboratory objectives. In contrast, the emphasized independent learning (EIL) approach stresses elements from the "flipped classroom" educational model: prelaboratory preparation, independent laboratory learning, and limited tutor involvement. Quantitative (Likert-style questions) and qualitative data (independent thematic analysis of open-ended commentary) from a survey of students who had completed the preclerkship curriculum identified strengths from the EIL (promoting student collaboration and communication) and FAL (successful progression through objectives) approaches. However, EIL led to student frustration related to a lack of direction and impaired completion of objectives, whereas active learning opportunities in FAL were highly variable and dependent on tutor teaching style. A "hidden curriculum" was also identified, where students (particularly EIL and clerkship students) commonly compared their compressed anatomy education or their anatomy learning environment with other approaches. Finally, while both groups highly regarded the efficiency of prosection-based learning and expressed value for cadaveric-based learning, student commentary noted that the lack of grade value dedicated to anatomy assessment limited student accountability. This study revealed critical insights into small group learning in compressed anatomy education, including the need to balance student active learning opportunities with appropriate direction and feedback (including assessment). © 2015 American Association of Anatomists.

  11. Leadership in the Organization Context: A Conceptual Approach and Its Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-01

    behavioral outcome of some reasonably stable coipo- site of individual traits ( Bernard , 1923; Burks, 1938; Webb, 1915). W EE.° U . 5 *. IG I Eil - . . U...field studies. In a meta-analysis correcting for range restriction effects, Cornwell (1983) found that the relationship between intelligence and...J. Sternlicht (Eds.), Psychological issues and mental retardation. New York: Psychological Dimensions. Bernard , J. (1928). Political leadership

  12. Berlinale lõpusirgel / Karlo Funk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Funk, Karlo, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Berliini 52. filmifestivalist, mis algas sakslase Tom Tykweri sisuka mängufilmiga "Taevas". Festivali uue direktori Dieter Kosslicki uuenduseks on saksa filmi endisest tunduvalt suurem osakaal. Eile linastus ametlikult festivali Panorama programmis Peeter Simmi "Head käed". Eesti filmid on esil ka festivali suurel filmiturul, kus Arvo Iho "Karu süda" äratas tähelepanu ja valiti Moskva festivali võistlusprogrammi

  13. Parim tudengifilm tuli nimekast Poola koolist / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde filmifestivali tudengi- ja lühifilmide alafestival Sleepwalkers, mis toimus 15.-18. novembrini, jagas eile auhindu. Parimaks tunnistati Poola tudengi Jan Wagneri lühimängufilm "Porno". Eesti võistluse võitis Madli Lääne dokfilm "Tähelepanu, start!", 2. koha sai Mihkel Ulgi mängufilm "Südameasjad" ja 3. koha Julia Sokolova mängufilm "Ballast"

  14. Equations Governing the Propagation of Second-Order Correlations in Non-Stationary Electromagnetic Fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    1961-09-25

    eqlwatwnis vanish and t hese equations are- then gene - rali/Mit ions to a non-statiiona ry free field of eils. (1.3.1 Jl) and (1.3.11b). Thie remiainingi...correlation eqluations may hfe derived from eql. (3.1), which is tlite- snime as for the free field. Or’ 2 obtains :i~:•a •,,;l ,. X .. TI. T,, 2) -_ TI

  15. Priit Pärn ohjab Turus festivali / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2001-01-01

    Turu Kunstiakadeemia animatsiooniosakonda juhatav Priit Pärn lükkas eile käima I Turu animafestivali Tough Eye, kus võistleb ka kolm eesti filmi. Toimub ka Eesti päev, kus näidatakse uute tööde kõrval ka Elbert Tuganovi jt. klassikaks saanud animafilme, kaasaarvatud säilinud lõik esimesest eesti joonisfilmist "Kutsu-Juku seiklused" (1931)

  16. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    from Paul Hill Ltd; toluene, HCl and ZnCl, were from BDH. Except for EDTA which was of. Analar grade, all the chemicals were of laboratory grade and ... pH was measured with a KENT EIL 7020 pH meter after adjusting the aqueous phase with dilute HCI and NaOH when necessary. To extract Zn2+ into the organic phase, ...

  17. Use of post-exercise laryngoscopy to evaluate exercise induced dyspnea.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McNally, P

    2010-10-01

    We present the case of a child with asthma who continued to have marked exercise induced dyspnea despite appropriate treatment, and in the face of adequate control of all other asthma symptoms. Spirometry showed a marked truncation of inspiratory flow, and laryngoscopy performed immediately after exercise showed laryngomalacia with dynamic, partial inspiratory obstruction. Exercise induced laryngomalacia (EIL) is a rare cause of exercise induced dyspnea which is diagnosed by post exercise flexible laryngoscopy and may require supraglottoplasty.

  18. Eesti saadab Mali missioonile kaks staabiohvitseri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Välisminister Urmas Paet ütles eile, et valitsus andis oma toetuse missioonile Malis, kus on viimastel nädalatel ägenenud islamistlike mässuliste rünnakud. Missioon pole sõjaline, vaid selle eesmärgiks on treening ja õpetus Mali enda sõjaväele. Eesti saadab missioonile ilmselt ühe või kaks staabiohvitseri

  19. Single-Layer Halide Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes with Sub-Band Gap Turn-On Voltage and High Brightness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Junqiang; Shan, Xin; Bade, Sri Ganesh R; Geske, Thomas; Jiang, Qinglong; Yang, Xin; Yu, Zhibin

    2016-10-03

    Charge-carrier injection into an emissive semiconductor thin film can result in electroluminescence and is generally achieved by using a multilayer device structure, which requires an electron-injection layer (EIL) between the cathode and the emissive layer and a hole-injection layer (HIL) between the anode and the emissive layer. The recent advancement of halide perovskite semiconductors opens up a new path to electroluminescent devices with a greatly simplified device structure. We report cesium lead tribromide light-emitting diodes (LEDs) without the aid of an EIL or HIL. These so-called single-layer LEDs have exhibited a sub-band gap turn-on voltage. The devices obtained a brightness of 591 197 cd m -2 at 4.8 V, with an external quantum efficiency of 5.7% and a power efficiency of 14.1 lm W -1 . Such an advancement demonstrates that very high efficiency of electron and hole injection can be obtained in perovskite LEDs even without using an EIL or HIL.

  20. The IBO germination quantitative trait locus encodes a phosphatase 2C-related variant with a nonsynonymous amino acid change that interferes with abscisic acid signaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amiguet-Vercher, Amélia; Santuari, Luca; Gonzalez-Guzman, Miguel; Depuydt, Stephen; Rodriguez, Pedro L; Hardtke, Christian S

    2015-02-01

    Natural genetic variation is crucial for adaptability of plants to different environments. Seed dormancy prevents precocious germination in unsuitable conditions and is an adaptation to a major macro-environmental parameter, the seasonal variation in temperature and day length. Here we report the isolation of IBO, a quantitative trait locus (QTL) that governs c. 30% of germination rate variance in an Arabidopsis recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from the parental accessions Eilenburg-0 (Eil-0) and Loch Ness-0 (Lc-0). IBO encodes an uncharacterized phosphatase 2C-related protein, but neither the Eil-0 nor the Lc-0 variant, which differ in a single amino acid, have any appreciable phosphatase activity in in vitro assays. However, we found that the amino acid change in the Lc-0 variant of the IBO protein confers reduced germination rate. Moreover, unlike the Eil-0 variant of the protein, the Lc-0 variant can interfere with the activity of the phosphatase 2C ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE 1 in vitro. This suggests that the Lc-0 variant possibly interferes with abscisic acid signaling, a notion that is supported by physiological assays. Thus, we isolated an example of a QTL allele with a nonsynonymous amino acid change that might mediate local adaptation of seed germination timing. © 2014 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2014 New Phytologist Trust.

  1. Thresholds, injury, and loss relationships for thrips in Phleum pratense (Poales: Poaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reisig, Dominic D; Godfrey, Larry D; Marcum, Daniel B

    2009-12-01

    Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) is an important forage crop in many Western U.S. states. Marketing of timothy hay is primarily based on esthetics, and green color is an important attribute. The objective of these studies was to determine a relationship between arthropod populations, yield, and esthetic injury in timothy. Economic injury levels (EILs) and economic thresholds were calculated based on these relationships. Thrips (Thripidae) numbers were manipulated with insecticides in small plot studies in 2006, 2007, and 2008, although tetranychid mite levels were incidentally flared by cyfluthrin in some experiments. Arthropod population densities were determined weekly, and yield and esthetic injury were measured at each harvest. Effects of arthropods on timothy were assessed using multilinear regression. Producers were also surveyed to relate economic loss from leaf color to the injury ratings for use in establishing EILs. Thrips population levels were significantly related to yield loss in only one of nine experiments. Thrips population levels were significantly related to injury once before the first annual harvest and twice before the second. Thrips were the most important pest in these experiments, and they were more often related to esthetic injury rather than yield loss. EILs and economic thresholds for thrips population levels were established using esthetic injury data. These results document the first example of a significant relationship between arthropod pest population levels and economic yield and quality losses in timothy.

  2. Challenges in devising economic spray thresholds for a major pest of Australian canola, the redlegged earth mite (Halotydeus destructor).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur, Aston L; Hoffmann, Ary A; Umina, Paul A

    2015-10-01

    A key component for spray decision-making in IPM programmes is the establishment of economic injury levels (EILs) and economic thresholds (ETs). We aimed to establish an EIL for the redlegged earth mite (Halotydeus destructor Tucker) on canola. Complex interactions between mite numbers, feeding damage and plant recovery were found, highlighting the challenges in linking H. destructor numbers to yield. A guide of 10 mites plant(-1) was established at the first-true-leaf stage; however, simple relationships were not evident at other crop development stages, making it difficult to establish reliable EILs based on mite number. Yield was, however, strongly associated with plant damage and plant densities, reflecting the impact of mite feeding damage and indicating a plant-based alternative for establishing thresholds for H. destructor. Drawing on data from multiple field trials, we show that plant densities below 30-40 plants m(-2) could be used as a proxy for mite damage when reliable estimates of mite densities are not possible. This plant-based threshold provides a practical tool that avoids the difficulties of accurately estimating mite densities. The approach may be applicable to other situations where production conditions are unpredictable and interactions between pests and plant hosts are complex. © 2015 Society of Chemical Industry.

  3. Enhanced brightness of organic light-emitting diodes based on Mg:Ag cathode using alkali metal chlorides as an electron injection layer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zou Ye; Deng Zhenbo; Xu Denghui; Lü Zhaoyue; Yin Yuehong; Du Hailiang; Chen Zheng; Wang Yongsheng

    2012-01-01

    Different thicknesses of cesium chloride (CsCl) and various alkali metal chlorides were inserted into organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) as electron injection layers (EILs). The basic structure of OLED is indium tin oxide (ITO)/N,N′-diphenyl-N,N′-bis(1-napthyl-phenyl)-1.1′-biphenyl-4.4′-diamine (NPB)/tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (Alq 3 )/Mg:Ag/Ag. The electroluminescent (EL) performance curves show that both the brightness and efficiency of the OLEDs can be obviously enhanced by using a thin alkali metal chloride layer as an EIL. The electron injection barrier height between the Alq 3 layer and Mg:Ag cathode is reduced by inserting a thin alkali metal chloride as an EIL, which results in enhanced electron injection and electron current. Therefore, a better balance of hole and electron currents at the emissive interface is achieved and consequently the brightness and efficiency of OLEDs are improved. - Highlights: ► Alkaline metal chlorides were used as electron injection layers in organic light-emitting diodes based on Mg:Ag cathode. ► Brightness and efficiency of OLEDs with alkaline metal chlorides as electron injection layers were all greatly enhanced. ► The Improved OLED performance was attributed to the possible interfacial chemical reaction. ► Electron-only devices are fabricated to demonstrate the electron injection enhancement.

  4. Signal Processing for Indian and Pakistan Nuclear Tests Recorded at IMS Stations Located in Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gitterman, Y.; Pinsky, V.; Hofstetter, R.

    - In compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treaty (CTBT) the International Monitoring System (IMS) was designed for detection and location of the clandestine Nuclear Tests (NT). Two auxiliary IMS seismic stations MRNI and EIL, deployed recently, were subjected to detectability, travel-time calibration and discrimination analysis. The study is based on the three recent 1998 underground nuclear explosions: one of India and two of Pakistan, which provided a ground-truth test of the existing IMS. These events, attaining magnitudes of 5.2, 4.8 and 4.6 correspondingly, were registered by many IMS and other seismic stations.The MRNI and EIL broadband (BB) stations are located in Israel at teleseismic distances (from the explosions) of 3600, 2800 and 2700km, respectively, where the signals from the tests are already weak. The Indian and the second Pakistan NT were not detected by the short-period Israel Seismic Network (ISN), using standard STA/LTA triggering. Therefore, for the chosen IMS stations we compare the STA/LTA response to the results of the more sensitive Murdock-Hutt (MH) and the Adaptive Statistically Optimal Detector (OD) that showed triggering for these three events. The second Pakistan NT signal arrived at the ISN and the IMS stations in the coda of a strong Afghanistan earthquake and was further disturbed by a preceding signal from a local earthquake. However, the NT signal was successfully extracted at EIL and MRNI stations using MH and OD procedures. For comparison we provide the signal analysis of the cooperating BB station JER, with considerably worse noise conditions than EIL and MRNI, and show that OD can detect events when the other algorithms fail. Using the most quiet EIL station, the most sensitive OD and different bandpass filters we tried in addition to detect the small Kazakh chemical 100-ton calibration explosion of 1998, with magnitude 3.7 at a distance approaching 4000km. The detector response curve showed uprising in the

  5. A comparative study of ethylene growth response kinetics in eudicots and monocots reveals a role for gibberellin in growth inhibition and recovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Joonyup; Wilson, Rebecca L; Case, J Brett; Binder, Brad M

    2012-11-01

    Time-lapse imaging of dark-grown Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) hypocotyls has revealed new aspects about ethylene signaling. This study expands upon these results by examining ethylene growth response kinetics of seedlings of several plant species. Although the response kinetics varied between the eudicots studied, all had prolonged growth inhibition for as long as ethylene was present. In contrast, with continued application of ethylene, white millet (Panicum miliaceum) seedlings had a rapid and transient growth inhibition response, rice (Oryza sativa 'Nipponbare') seedlings had a slow onset of growth stimulation, and barley (Hordeum vulgare) had a transient growth inhibition response followed, after a delay, by a prolonged inhibition response. Growth stimulation in rice correlated with a decrease in the levels of rice ETHYLENE INSENSTIVE3-LIKE2 (OsEIL2) and an increase in rice F-BOX DOMAIN AND LRR CONTAINING PROTEIN7 transcripts. The gibberellin (GA) biosynthesis inhibitor paclobutrazol caused millet seedlings to have a prolonged growth inhibition response when ethylene was applied. A transient ethylene growth inhibition response has previously been reported for Arabidopsis ethylene insensitive3-1 (ein3-1) eil1-1 double mutants. Paclobutrazol caused these mutants to have a prolonged response to ethylene, whereas constitutive GA signaling in this background eliminated ethylene responses. Sensitivity to paclobutrazol inversely correlated with the levels of EIN3 in Arabidopsis. Wild-type Arabidopsis seedlings treated with paclobutrazol and mutants deficient in GA levels or signaling had a delayed growth recovery after ethylene removal. It is interesting to note that ethylene caused alterations in gene expression that are predicted to increase GA levels in the ein3-1 eil1-1 seedlings. These results indicate that ethylene affects GA levels leading to modulation of ethylene growth inhibition kinetics.

  6. Treating insect-bite hypersensitivity in horses with active vaccination against IL-5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fettelschoss-Gabriel, Antonia; Fettelschoss, Victoria; Thoms, Franziska; Giese, Christoph; Daniel, Michelle; Olomski, Florian; Kamarachev, Jivko; Birkmann, Katharina; Bühler, Maya; Kummer, Martin; Zeltins, Andris; Marti, Eliane; Kündig, Thomas M; Bachmann, Martin F

    2018-03-28

    Insect-bite hypersensitivity is the most common allergic dermatitis in horses. Excoriated skin lesions are typical symptoms of this seasonal and refractory chronic disease. On a cellular level, the skin lesions are characterized by massive eosinophil infiltration caused by an underlying allergic response. To target these cells and treat disease, we developed a therapeutic vaccine against equine IL-5 (eIL-5), the master regulator of eosinophils. The vaccine consisted of eIL-5 covalently linked to a virus-like particle derived from cucumber mosaic virus containing the tetanus toxoid universal T-cell epitope tt830-843 (CMV TT ). Thirty-four Icelandic horses were recruited and immunized with 400 μg of eIL-5-CMV TT formulated in PBS without adjuvant (19 horses) or PBS alone (15 horses). The vaccine was well tolerated and did not reveal any safety concerns but was able to induce anti-eIL-5 autoantibody titers in 17 of 19 horses. This resulted in a statistically significant reduction in clinical lesion scores when compared with previous season levels, as well as levels in placebo-treated horses. Protection required a minimal threshold of anti-eIL-5 antibodies. Clinical improvement by disease scoring showed that 47% and 21% of vaccinated horses reached 50% and 75% improvement, respectively. In the placebo group no horse reached 75% improvement, and only 13% reached 50% improvement. Our therapeutic vaccine inducing autoantibodies against self IL-5 brings biologics to horses, is the first successful immunotherapeutic approach targeting a chronic disease in horses, and might facilitate development of a similar vaccine against IL-5 in human subjects. Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. ORA59 and EIN3 interaction couples jasmonate-ethylene synergistic action to antagonistic salicylic acid regulation of PDF expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Xiang; Jiang, Jishan; Wang, Chang-Quan; Dehesh, Katayoon

    2017-04-01

    Hormonal crosstalk is central for tailoring plant responses to the nature of challenges encountered. The role of antagonism between the two major defense hormones, salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA), and modulation of this interplay by ethylene (ET) in favor of JA signaling pathway in plant stress responses is well recognized, but the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Here, we show the opposing function of two transcription factors, ethylene insensitive3 (EIN3) and EIN3-Like1 (EIL1), in SA-mediated suppression and JA-mediated activation of PLANT DEFENSIN1.2 (PDF1.2). This functional duality is mediated via their effect on protein, not transcript levels of the PDF1.2 transcriptional activator octadecanoid-responsive Arabidopsis59 (ORA59). Specifically, JA induces ORA59 protein levels independently of EIN3/EIL1, whereas SA reduces the protein levels dependently of EIN3/EIL1. Co-infiltration assays revealed nuclear co-localization of ORA59 and EIN3, and split-luciferase together with yeast-two-hybrid assays established their physical interaction. The functional ramification of the physical interaction is EIN3-dependent degradation of ORA59 by the 26S proteasome. These findings allude to SA-responsive reduction of ORA59 levels mediated by EIN3 binding to and targeting of ORA59 for degradation, thus nominating ORA59 pool as a coordination node for the antagonistic function of ET/JA and SA. © 2017 Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  8. A Comparative Study of Ethylene Growth Response Kinetics in Eudicots and Monocots Reveals a Role for Gibberellin in Growth Inhibition and Recovery1[W][OA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Joonyup; Wilson, Rebecca L.; Case, J. Brett; Binder, Brad M.

    2012-01-01

    Time-lapse imaging of dark-grown Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) hypocotyls has revealed new aspects about ethylene signaling. This study expands upon these results by examining ethylene growth response kinetics of seedlings of several plant species. Although the response kinetics varied between the eudicots studied, all had prolonged growth inhibition for as long as ethylene was present. In contrast, with continued application of ethylene, white millet (Panicum miliaceum) seedlings had a rapid and transient growth inhibition response, rice (Oryza sativa ‘Nipponbare’) seedlings had a slow onset of growth stimulation, and barley (Hordeum vulgare) had a transient growth inhibition response followed, after a delay, by a prolonged inhibition response. Growth stimulation in rice correlated with a decrease in the levels of rice ETHYLENE INSENSTIVE3-LIKE2 (OsEIL2) and an increase in rice F-BOX DOMAIN AND LRR CONTAINING PROTEIN7 transcripts. The gibberellin (GA) biosynthesis inhibitor paclobutrazol caused millet seedlings to have a prolonged growth inhibition response when ethylene was applied. A transient ethylene growth inhibition response has previously been reported for Arabidopsis ethylene insensitive3-1 (ein3-1) eil1-1 double mutants. Paclobutrazol caused these mutants to have a prolonged response to ethylene, whereas constitutive GA signaling in this background eliminated ethylene responses. Sensitivity to paclobutrazol inversely correlated with the levels of EIN3 in Arabidopsis. Wild-type Arabidopsis seedlings treated with paclobutrazol and mutants deficient in GA levels or signaling had a delayed growth recovery after ethylene removal. It is interesting to note that ethylene caused alterations in gene expression that are predicted to increase GA levels in the ein3-1 eil1-1 seedlings. These results indicate that ethylene affects GA levels leading to modulation of ethylene growth inhibition kinetics. PMID:22977279

  9. Highly efficient tandem OLED based on C{sub 60}/rubrene: MoO{sub 3} as charge generation layer and LiF/Al as electron injection layer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Yang [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Key Laboratory of Display Materials and Photoelectric Devices, Ministry of Education, Tianjin 300384 (China); Tianjin Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin 300384 (China); College of Science, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Wu, Xiaoming, E-mail: wxm@tjut.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Key Laboratory of Display Materials and Photoelectric Devices, Ministry of Education, Tianjin 300384 (China); Tianjin Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin 300384 (China); Xiao, Zhihui; Gao, Jian; Zhang, Juan; Rui, Hongsong; Lin, Xin; Zhang, Nan; Hua, Yulin [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Key Laboratory of Display Materials and Photoelectric Devices, Ministry of Education, Tianjin 300384 (China); Tianjin Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin 300384 (China); Yin, Shougen, E-mail: sgyin@tjut.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Key Laboratory of Display Materials and Photoelectric Devices, Ministry of Education, Tianjin 300384 (China); Tianjin Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Materials and Devices, Tianjin 300384 (China)

    2017-08-15

    Highlights: • Highly efficient blue fluorescent tandem OLEDs are fabricated. • The optimal tandem OLED consists of C{sub 60}/rubrene: MoO{sub 3} as a CGL and LiF/Al as an EIL. • Current efficiency and power efficiency of optimal tandem OLED is markedly enhanced. • The turn-on and driving voltages of optimal tandem OLED is obviously reduced. - Abstract: Tandem organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have received much attention in solid-state lighting due to their high current efficiency, long lifetime and excellent stability. The highly efficient blue fluorescent tandem OLEDs based on the charge generation layer (CGL) of C{sub 60}/rubrene: MoO{sub 3} and the electron injection layer (EIL) of LiF/Al were fabricated. The ultra-thin Al layer in EIL was introduced to further increase electron injection from CGL to the emission unit. We found that the maximal current efficiency and power efficiency of optimal tandem device can reach to 43.1 cd/A and 15.1 lm/W, respectively, which are approximately 2.8 and 1.9 times compared with those of single-emissive-unit device. Moreover, compared with the traditional tandem device, the driving voltage of the optimal device is reduced by 6 V, and the turn-on voltage is reduced by 2.4 V. We analyzed the mechanism and characterization of these tandem devices. The effective charge separation and transport of C{sub 60}/rubrene: MoO{sub 3}, and excellent electron injection ability of ultra-thin Al layer are the main factors for the remarkable enhancement in both current efficiency and power efficiency of tandem OLEDs.

  10. Job Language Performance Requirements for MOS-62J, General Construction Equipment Operator, Reference Soldier’s Manual Dated 28 September 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-09-28

    DAAosrt O14.NE VRO1 H__IH_1_________1_______1 1~~hN EIl 1___________ dsknind.o ~~~importance aCCA .Is %1* NU%3E OF REODE D RATA OBTAINED FROM...9~44r £LM2 ae1s ~ Am 424~~del 4e A ~-~. f3 N w ~ Ail 2~ZV41/- t-.. c4 fz d/1,C4t let e -~4Z tz 4L~ fl~4k*1 Wed 4 4-’V 4~bf6144a- 6d>zi.i Z a~ r

  11. International Conference on Hyperbolic Problems (2nd). Theory, Numerical Methods and Applications, 14-18 March 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    e’l EIl񓑷-i1s Finlis t-riaigunires. in lIr(’larationi. [3] BIABA K., TABATA Ni.. On a conservattive upiwind finite element. scheme for convective...illproveliaeait11 1.o I-lie algonil i,, t.11vi midor rer.1i11 i’oii.it ions we Call prove HIint, lIii :tbove we~ak s’. hit ion satisli"s ent ropy coificjin for ny ci...propagates down the duct (Figs. 2e,f). It is believed, that the very high pressures and temperatures, which appear when the triple wave hits the walls

  12. Estcoy-17 mehed saabuvad eeldatavalt täna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Afganistanis teeniv jalaväekompanii Estcoy-17 jõuab praeguste plaanide järgi Tallinna täna hilisõhtul. Kaitsevägi toob koostöös Ühendkuningriigi liitlastega Estcoy-17 kaitseväelased koju lennukiga Tristar, mis väljus Camp Bastioni sõjaväebaasist eile hilisõhtul ja jõuab täna Brize Nortoni sõjaväebaasi. Ühendkuningriigist toob kaitsevägi Estcoy-17 koju tšarterlennuga

  13. The second evolution of ionic liquids: from solvents and separations to advanced materials--energetic examples from the ionic liquid cookbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smiglak, Marcin; Metlen, Andreas; Rogers, Robin D

    2007-11-01

    In this Account of the small portion of the recent research in ionic liquids (ILs) by the Rogers Group, we fast forward through the first evolution of IL research, where ILs were studied for their unique set of physical properties and the resulting potential for tunable "green solvents", to the second evolution of ILs, where the tunability of the cation and anion independently offers almost unlimited access to targeted combinations of physical and chemical properties. This approach is demonstrated here with the field of energetic ionic liquids (EILs), which utilizes this design flexibility to find safe synthetic routes to ILs with high energy content and targeted physical properties.

  14. Abstracts of Papers Submitted in 1975 for Publication,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    Atmosferica del Departmento de Comercio de los Estados Unidos de Norte- Americak Boulder, Colorado, 197S, Sobre el Derrame de Petroleo del VLCC...UNCLSSIFIED F/G 5/2 NI ElhEEEEllEEEEE EIlEEllEEEEEDIE EIIIIIII- El /EEEEEEEllhI, /I//E.E//EI//E /IE//I/E/I/I/E V .* 1.0 uL 11112 .1 W- IIII I’II IH...Organizado por el Programa de Analisis de Ecosistemas Marinos, de Los Lab- oratorios de Investigacion Ambiental, de la Administracion Nacional Oceanica y

  15. Rehabilitación por el ejercicio de la escoliosis idiopática leve en niños y adolescentes

    OpenAIRE

    Bertoncelli, María Laura

    2013-01-01

    La Sociedad Internacional para el Estudio de la Escoliosis (Scoliosis Research Society) la define como "una curvatura lateral de la columna con rotación de las vértebras dentro de la curva". La escoliosis idiopática es una patología de origen multifactorial que causa una alteración en la postura corporal. La indicación de diferentes técnicas de gimnasia postural ha sido una práctica habitual como parte del tratamiento conservador de la escoliosis idiopática leve(EIL) en niños y adolescente...

  16. Air Power for Patton’s Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    TROYES 04-T7S•9LIE MANS - .. IoY-35 oA-39 • ORLEANS OY4 NIANTES TOURS IRE uOWs *SOURSES gYg9 OY-50 PIEVERS OY-4 LE GREU30T ,LA EI.LE F R A N C E 50 0 50...moving forward rapidly against Melun, Louviers, and Troyes , they anticipated the highly mobile campaign would soon move beyond Paris to the German...while the XX Corps reached Melun and the XI1 Corps captured Troyes . In the increasingly distant west, VIII Corps as promised, launched its long-awaited

  17. Molecular Orbital Based Design Guidelines for Hypergolic Energetic Ionic Liquids

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    energy content of the anion must also be taken into account in the design strategy ; substitution should be carried out in such a way that does not...substitution strategy . So far in the litera- ture, HP (with energy gap similar to DCA) is the lowest DHf anion (661.9 kJmol1) for which EIL hypergolicity...T. Nakajima, Y. Honda , O. Kitao, H. Nakai, M. Klene, X. Li, J. E. Knox, H. P. Hratchian, J. B. Cross, V. Bakken, C. Adamo, J. Jaramillo, R. Gomperts

  18. О традициях русской любовной лирики XIX века (Н. Некрасов и Ф. Тютчев | Apie XIX amžiaus meilės lyrikos tradiciją (N. Nekrasovas ir F. Tiutčevas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Дагне Бержайте

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Intymiąją N. Nekrasovo ir F. Tiutčevo lyriką suartina dialogiškas eilėraščių pobūdis ir kai kurių rusų meilės lyrikos tradicinių motyvų raida (pvz., Puškino „išgyvenimų prisiminimų“ tema. Šie motyvai ir vaizdiniai (pavyduliavimas, kančios, lemtis, laiškai, liepsna neretai įgyja skirtingą plėtotę poetų meilės eilėraščiuose. Straipsnyje pagrindiniu nagrinėjimo objektu yra N. Nekrasovo „Degantys laiškai“ ir F. Tiutčevo „Ji sedėjo ant grindų…“. Šių dviejų tekstų analogija nagrinėjama temos ir vaizdinių lygmenyje. Išanalizuotos personažų (lyrinio subjekto ir herojės lyrinio vyksmo panašybės ir skirtybės. Autorė daro išvadą, kad Nekrasovo meilės lyrika, nepaisant romantinių motyvų pastovumo, artima XIX a. antros pusės rusų psichologinei prozai su jai būdinga griaunančios meilės jėgos tema.

  19. Kombinasi Firefly Algorithm-Tabu Search untuk Penyelesaian Traveling Salesman Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riyan Naufal Hay's

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP adalah masalah optimasi kombinatorial klasik dan memiliki peran dalam perencanaan, penjadwalan, dan pencarian pada bidang rekayasa dan pengetahuan (Dong, 2012. TSP juga merupakan objek yang baik untuk menguji kinerja metode optimasi, beberapa metode seperti Cooperative Genetic Ant System (CGAS (Dong, 2012, Parallelized Genetic Ant Colony System (PGAS Particle Swarm Optimization and Ant Colony Optimization Algorithms (PSO–ACO (Elloumi, 2014, dan Ant Colony Hyper-Heuristics (ACO HH (Aziz, 2015 telah dikembangkan untuk memecahkan TSP. Sehingga, pada penelitian ini diimplementasikan kombinasi metode baru untuk meningkatkan akurasi penyelesaian TSP. Firefly Algorithm (FA merupakan salah satu algoritma yang dapat digunakan untuk memecahkan masalah optimasi kombinatorial (Layeb, 2014. FA merupakan algoritma yang berpotensi kuat dalam memecahkan kasus optimasi dibanding algoritma yang ada termasuk Particle Swarm Optimization (Yang, 2010. Namun, FA memiliki kekurangan dalam memecahkan masalah optimasi dengan skala besar (Baykasoğlu dan Ozsoy, 2014. Tabu Search (TS merupakan metode optimasi yang terbukti efektif untuk memecahkan masalah optimasi dengan skala besar (Pedro, 2013. Pada penelitian ini, TS akan diterapkan pada FA (FATS untuk memecahkan kasus TSP. Hasil FATS akan dibandingkan terhadap penelitian sebelumnya yaitu ACOHH. Perbandingan hasil menunjukan peningkatan akurasi sebesar 0.89% pada dataset Oliver30, 0.14% dataset Eil51, 3.81% dataset Eil76 dan 1.27% dataset KroA100.

  20. Lg and Other Regional Phases in South America

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-01

    L-StLdi’: del sistema crtoza -- mantc’ super io:r; entre eil’:’s s!:, puioden men’: ir-nar lo:s sig~uientest Mt:dc’s Sismi’:os, ciravime-tr icc’s...difarentes prc’piedades fisi’:ez. Este rn~ toc utiliza las leyes de Snell y de las velcidades aparuntes (Dcubrin y Olhc’vich, 1959). Con la api icaci~’I de...2.97 45 3.0 4.45 3.30 4t 8.0 4.40 3.32 140 S . 5 .50 3.35 100 TCC-CUS ( tabla * 2 ) El per fil Toc -onc:e-Cuzco (fig.2) est6 reduc.ido casi

  1. Múltiple natural enemies do not improve two spotted spider mite and flower western thrips control in strawberry tunnels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma Albendín

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Biological control techniques are commonly used in many horticultural crops in Spain, however the application of these techniques to Spanish strawberries are relatively recent. In this study the effectiveness of augmentative biological control techniques to control the two main strawberry (Fragaria xananassa Duchesne pest: the two-spotted spider mite (TSSM, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae, and the western flower thrips (WFT, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande (Thysanoptera: Thripidae, through releases of the predatory mites Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot, Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor, Amblyseius swirskii Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae, and Orius laevigatus (Fieber (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae were tested. Two-year results on the performance of treatments using combinations of these biocontrol agents are presented. In both years, all treatments resulted in the reduction of TSSM numbers; but no treatment was better than the release of P. persimilis alone (P < 0.05. TSSM suppression varied among crop phases being greater early in the season. None of the treatments reduced significantly WFT numbers (P < 0.05, and the established economic injury level (EIL was surpassed from March to late April in both years. However, EIL was surpassed less times when treatment included O. laevigatus (2009: 20.7%; 2010: 22.7% of samples. No effect of A. swirskii was observed when this mite was released. Results corroborate that biological control techniques for TSSM and WFT are feasible for high-plastic tunnel strawberries. Under the conditions in our study no additive effects were observed, and there was not advantage in the release of multiple natural enemies.

  2. Genes Suggest Ancestral Colour Polymorphisms Are Shared across Morphologically Cryptic Species in Arctic Bumblebees.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul H Williams

    Full Text Available Our grasp of biodiversity is fine-tuned through the process of revisionary taxonomy. If species do exist in nature and can be discovered with available techniques, then we expect these revisions to converge on broadly shared interpretations of species. But for the primarily arctic bumblebees of the subgenus Alpinobombus of the genus Bombus, revisions by some of the most experienced specialists are unusual for bumblebees in that they have all reached different conclusions on the number of species present. Recent revisions based on skeletal morphology have concluded that there are from four to six species, while variation in colour pattern of the hair raised questions as to whether at least seven species might be present. Even more species are supported if we accept the recent move away from viewing species as morphotypes to viewing them instead as evolutionarily independent lineages (EILs using data from genes. EILs are recognised here in practice from the gene coalescents that provide direct evidence for their evolutionary independence. We show from fitting both general mixed Yule/coalescent (GMYC models and Poisson-tree-process (PTP models to data for the mitochondrial COI gene that there is support for nine species in the subgenus Alpinobombus. Examination of the more slowly evolving nuclear PEPCK gene shows further support for a previously unrecognised taxon as a new species in northwestern North America. The three pairs of the most morphologically similar sister species are separated allopatrically and prevented from interbreeding by oceans. We also find that most of the species show multiple shared colour patterns, giving the appearance of mimicry among parts of the different species. However, reconstructing ancestral colour-pattern states shows that speciation is likely to have cut across widespread ancestral polymorphisms, without or largely without convergence. In the particular case of Alpinobombus, morphological, colour-pattern, and

  3. Modeling and experimental studies of a side band power re-injection locked magnetron

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Wen-Jun; Zhang, Yi; Yuan, Ping; Zhu, Hua-Cheng; Huang, Ka-Ma; Yang, Yang

    2016-12-01

    A side band power re-injection locked (SBPRIL) magnetron is presented in this paper. A tuning stub is placed between the external injection locked (EIL) magnetron and the circulator. Side band power of the EIL magnetron is reflected back to the magnetron. The reflected side band power is reused and pulled back to the central frequency. A phase-locking model is developed from circuit theory to explain the process of reuse of side band power in SBPRIL magnetron. Theoretical analysis proves that the side band power is pulled back to the central frequency of the SBPRIL magnetron, then the amplitude of the RF voltage increases and the phase noise performance is improved. Particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation of a 10-vane continuous wave (CW) magnetron model is presented. Computer simulation predicts that the frequency spectrum’s peak of the SBPRIL magnetron has an increase of 3.25 dB compared with the free running magnetron. The phase noise performance at the side band offset reduces 12.05 dB for the SBPRIL magnetron. Besides, the SBPRIL magnetron experiment is presented. Experimental results show that the spectrum peak rises by 14.29% for SBPRIL magnetron compared with the free running magnetron. The phase noise reduces more than 25 dB at 45-kHz offset compared with the free running magnetron. Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2013CB328902) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61501311).

  4. Projected economic losses due to vector and vector-borne parasitic diseases in livestock of India and its significance in implementing the concept of integrated practices for vector management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. W. Narladkar

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Broadly, species of arthropods infesting livestock are grouped into flies (biting and non-biting, fleas, lice (biting and sucking, ticks (soft and hard, and mites (burrowing, non-burrowing, and follicular. Among which, biting and non-biting flies and ticks are the potent vectors for many bacterial, viral, rickettsial, and protozoan diseases. Vectors of livestock are having economic significance on three points (1 direct losses from their bite and annoyance, worries, and psychological disturbances produced during the act of biting and feeding, (2 diseases they transmit, and (3 expenditure incurred for their control. Flies such as Culicoides spp. and Musca spp. and various species of hard ticks play important role in disease transmission in addition to their direct effects. For control of vectors, recent concept of integrated pest management (IPM provides the best solution and also addresses the problems related to acaricide resistance and environmental protection from hazardous chemicals. However, to successfully implement the concept of IPM, for each vector species, estimation of two monitory benchmarks, i.e., economic injury level (EIL and economic threshold level (ETL is essential prerequisite. For many vector species and under several circumstances, estimation of EIL and ETL appears to be difficult. Under such scenario, although may not be exact, an approximate estimate can be accrued by taking into account several criteria such as percent prevalence of vectors in a geographical area, percent losses produced, total livestock population, and current prices of livestock products such as milk, meat, and wool. Method for approximate estimation is first time described and elaborated in the present review article.

  5. Projected economic losses due to vector and vector-borne parasitic diseases in livestock of India and its significance in implementing the concept of integrated practices for vector management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narladkar, B. W.

    2018-01-01

    Broadly, species of arthropods infesting livestock are grouped into flies (biting and non-biting), fleas, lice (biting and sucking), ticks (soft and hard), and mites (burrowing, non-burrowing, and follicular). Among which, biting and non-biting flies and ticks are the potent vectors for many bacterial, viral, rickettsial, and protozoan diseases. Vectors of livestock are having economic significance on three points (1) direct losses from their bite and annoyance, worries, and psychological disturbances produced during the act of biting and feeding, (2) diseases they transmit, and (3) expenditure incurred for their control. Flies such as Culicoides spp. and Musca spp. and various species of hard ticks play important role in disease transmission in addition to their direct effects. For control of vectors, recent concept of integrated pest management (IPM) provides the best solution and also addresses the problems related to acaricide resistance and environmental protection from hazardous chemicals. However, to successfully implement the concept of IPM, for each vector species, estimation of two monitory benchmarks, i.e., economic injury level (EIL) and economic threshold level (ETL) is essential prerequisite. For many vector species and under several circumstances, estimation of EIL and ETL appears to be difficult. Under such scenario, although may not be exact, an approximate estimate can be accrued by taking into account several criteria such as percent prevalence of vectors in a geographical area, percent losses produced, total livestock population, and current prices of livestock products such as milk, meat, and wool. Method for approximate estimation is first time described and elaborated in the present review article. PMID:29657396

  6. A revision of dragon millipedes I: genus Desmoxytes Chamberlin, 1923, with the description of eight new species (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruttapon Srisonchai

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available The dragon millipede genus Desmoxytes s.l. is split into five genera, based on morphological characters and preliminary molecular phylogenetic analyses. The present article includes a review of Desmoxytes s.s., while future articles will deal with Hylomus Cook and Loomis, 1924 and three new genera which preliminarily are referred to as the ‘acantherpestes’, ‘gigas’, and ‘spiny’ groups. Diagnostic morphological characters of each group are discussed. Hylomus is resurrected as a valid genus and the following 33 species are assigned to it: H. asper (Attems, 1937, comb. n., H. cattienensis (Nguyen, Golovatch & Anichkin, 2005, comb. n., H. cervarius (Attems, 1953, comb. n., H. cornutus (Zhang & Li, 1982, comb. n., H. draco Cook & Loomis, 1924, stat. rev., H. enghoffi (Nguyen, Golovatch & Anichkin, 2005, comb. n., H. eupterygotus (Golovatch, Li, Liu & Geoffroy, 2012, comb. n., H. getuhensis (Liu, Golovatch & Tian, 2014, comb. n., H. grandis (Golovatch, VandenSpiegel & Semenyuk, 2016, comb. n., H. hostilis (Golovatch & Enghoff, 1994, comb. n., H. jeekeli (Golovatch & Enghoff, 1994, comb. n., H. lingulatus (Liu, Golovatch & Tian, 2014, comb. n., H. laticollis (Liu, Golovatch & Tian, 2016, comb. n., H. longispinus (Loksa, 1960, comb. n., H. lui (Golovatch, Li, Liu & Geoffroy, 2012, comb. n., H. minutuberculus (Zhang, 1986, comb. n., H. nodulosus (Liu, Golovatch & Tian, 2014, comb. n., H. parvulus (Liu, Golovatch & Tian, 2014, comb. n., H. phasmoides (Liu, Golovatch & Tian, 2016, comb. n., H. pilosus (Attems, 1937, comb. n., H. proximus (Nguyen, Golovatch & Anichkin, 2005, comb. n., H. rhinoceros (Likhitrakarn, Golovatch & Panha, 2015, comb. n., H. rhinoparvus (Likhitrakarn, Golovatch & Panha, 2015, comb. n., H. scolopendroides (Golovatch, Geoffroy & Mauriès, 2010, comb. n., H. scutigeroides (Golovatch, Geoffroy & Mauriès, 2010, comb. n., H. similis (Liu, Golovatch & Tian, 2016, comb. n., H. simplex (Golovatch, VandenSpiegel & Semenyuk, 2016

  7. Agallamh Oisín agus Phádraig: léamha ón bparaitéacs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Síle Ní Mhurchú

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available San aiste seo, baintear úsáid as coincheap an pharaitéacs le Gérard Genette chun anailís a dhéanamh ar na cóipeanna lámhscríbhinne d’Agallamh Oisín agus Phádraig. Léiríonn na paraitéacsanna seo go raibh níos mó i gceist le saothar an scríobhaí ná cóipeáil: rinne mórán acu machnamh dian ar an ábhar a bhí á scríobh acu agus thugadar freagra ar ghluaiseachtaí stairiúla agus intleachtúla a bhí ag dul i bhfeidhm orthu ina gcuid scríbhinní paraitéacsúla. Féachtar ar na hathruithe a rinneadh ar chur i láthair na dtéacsanna le himeacht na mblianta agus ar na scríbhinní paraitéacsúla éagsúla — teidil, réamhráite, gluaiseanna, aistriúcháin, agus téacsanna eile nach iad — a cuireadh leis an Agallamh. Thug an paraitéacs spás do scríobhaithe inar fhéad siad dul i gcion ar phátrúin agus ar léitheoirí eile agus is iad seo a leanas na príomhthéamaí a eascraíonn ó anailís ar pharaitéacsanna an Agallaimh: cuntais na scríobhaithe ar cheird na scríbhneoireachta; athruithe i leagan amach na dtéacsanna faoi thionchar an chlóphreasa; an Béarla sa pharaitéacs; tagairtí do shaothar James Macpherson; meath na Gaeilge. Ar deireadh, fiafraítear an dtugann na scríbhinní paraitéacsúla léargas dúinn ar na mothúcháin a mhúscail an tAgallamh ina léitheoirí agus ina éisteoirí.

  8. Similarities and differences of alkali metal chlorides applied in organic light-emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lü, Zhaoyue; Deng, Zhenbo; Hou, Ying; Xu, Haisheng

    2012-01-01

    The similarities and differences of alkali metal chlorides (sodium chloride (NaCl), potassium chloride (KCl), rubidium chloride (RbCl) and cesium chloride (CsCl)) applied in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are investigated. The behavior is similar for the OLEDs with these four chlorides as electron injection layer (EIL). Their maximum luminance and efficiency at 100 mA/cm 2 are within the ranges of 18 550 ± 600 (cd/m 2 ) with an error of 3.23% and 4.09 ± 0.15 (cd/A) within an error of 3.67%, respectively. The similar performance is due to almost identical electron injection barrier for NaCl, KCl, RbCl and CsCl as EIL. Interestingly, the properties are different for devices with chlorides inserted inside tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum at the position of 20 nm away from aluminum cathode, labeled as NaCl-, KCl-, RbCl- and CsCl- devices. The relation of luminance is CsCl- > RbCl- = KCl- > NaCl-, where “>” and “=” mean “better than” and “the same as”, respectively. And the device efficiencies are decreased from CsCl to NaCl. That is, the sort order of the efficiencies is CsCl- > RbCl- > KCl- > NaCl-. The mechanism is explained by tunneling model in terms of various energy gaps estimated by optical electronegativity of NaCl, KCl, RbCl and CsCl. - Highlights: ► Effects of NaCl, KCl, RbCl and CsCl in organic light-emitting diodes are compared. ► The similar performance is due to almost identical electron injection barrier. ► The different behavior of chlorides inside Alq 3 is explained by tunneling model. ► The different behavior is attributed to various energy gaps of different chlorides. ► The efficiency of device with chlorides inside Alq 3 is decreased from CsCl to NaCl.

  9. «Вильна» Константина Бальмонта: русский голос в вильнюсском тексте литовской литературы | Konstantino Balmonto Vilna: rusiškas balsas lietuvių literatūros vilniaus tekste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Инга Видугирите

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Geokritikos, kurios idėjos paremia straipsnį, pers­pektyva perkelia tyrėjo dėmesį nuo individualaus požiūrio į vietą prie pačios vietos kaip meninės er­dvės provaizdžio. Įvairialypės reprezentacijos čia yra suvokiamos kaip visuminio heterogeniško vietos vaizdo galimybė. Šis požiūris šaknijasi miesto geo­grafijoje ir urbanistikos studijose, todėl jam labai ar­tima Vladimiro Toporovo sukurta Sankt Peterburgo teksto koncepcija, apjungianti Peterburgo literatūrą kaip vieną darinį.Vilniaus teksto kaip skirtingų tautų skirtingomis kalbomis parašytos literatūros samprata įtvirtinta Tomo Venclovos. Konstantino Balmonto eilėraščiai apie Vilnių gali būti traktuojami kaip vienas iš Vil­niaus teksto balsų. Kita vertus, jie yra pakankamai specifinis atvejis, nes parašyti rusiškai, bet laikantis lietuviškos ideologijos normų. Kita jų dviprasmybė būtų sietina su tuo, kad nepaisant poeto pažinties su realia miesto, kuriame jis lankėsi porą kartų, erdve, po­ezijoje jos vietą užima mitinė Gedimino sapno ir su juo susijusių implikacijų erdvė. Vilnius yra mitologizuoja­mas dvigubai: pasakojant jo įkūrimo mitą ir struktūruo­jant istorinį pasakojimą vadovaujantis mitinio mąstymo principais. Nepaisant šios fikcijos, Balmonto eilėraščių dėka Vilniaus tekste atsiranda naujas personažas – poe­tas, Miškų Karalaitės Lietuvos vaduotojas.

  10. Shifting Attitudes toward Teaching Culture within the Framework of English as an International Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Guerra

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with the cultural dimensions of EIL, which are analysed based on the following domains: (a subjects’ attitudes toward teaching about specific cultures (native and non-native; and (b subjects’ attitudes toward teaching about culture in general. In essence, a view of culture based on native cultures can emerge from three different approaches: it may promote British culture only, it may focus on both the UK and the US, or it may incorporate other English native cultures. Likewise, a more international viewpoint can also be offered from three perspectives: it may refer to ESL contexts only, it may present both ESL and EFL communities – including the local culture – or it may introduce international aspects not specific to any culture. However, the analysis of data in this study indicates that the subjects’ attitudes toward teaching culture do not usually correspond to just one of these perspectives; rather, teachers display a manifold set of beliefs which may at times be closer or more distant to an international approach to teaching culture.

  11. Worlds meet in Building 180.

    CERN Multimedia

    Raphael Vuillermet

    In the assembly hall of Building 180, several teams of various nationalities and different countries work together for the ATLAS forward muon detector. For nearly two years, Americans, Chinese, Europeans, Israelis, Japanese, Pakistanis and Russians are assembling and testing the so-called "Big Wheels" and the muon EIL4 stations. Each team is independent in its tasks: one team is assembling the mechanical structure, another one is installing services and muon chambers, while a third is testing the electronics and the gas system. A team is in charge of the transport and storage of the sectors and another is assembling the sectors in the ATLAS cavern. A total of nearly 60 people are participating in this project. Some members for the ATLAS Big Wheel team in the assembly hall of building 180. People from different cultures and religions and with different mother tongues are working side by side in harmony. Everyone in building 180, from technicians to professors, has the opportunity to meet and work with...

  12. Demonstration of L-band DP-QPSK transmission over FSO and fiber channels employing InAs/InP quantum-dash laser source

    KAUST Repository

    Shemis, M.A.

    2017-11-23

    The next generation of optical access communication networks that support 100 Gbps and beyond, require advances in modulation schemes, spectrum utilization, new transmission bands, and efficient devices, particularly laser diodes. In this paper, we investigated the viability of new-class of InAs/InP Quantum-dash laser diode (Qdash-LD) exhibiting multiple longitudinal light modes in the L-band to carry high-speed data rate for access network applications. We exploited external and self injection-locking techniques on Qdash-LD to generate large number of stable and tunable locked modes, and compared them. To stem the capability of each locked mode as a potential subcarrier, data transmission is carried out over two mediums; single mode fiber (SMF) and free space optics (FSO) to emulate real deployment scenarios of optical networks. The results showed that with external-injection locking (EIL), an error-free transmission of 100 Gbps dual polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) signal is demonstrated over 10 km SMF and 4 m indoor FSO channels, with capability of reaching up to 128 Gbps, demonstrated under back-to-back (BTB) configuration. On the other hand, using self-injection locking (SIL) scheme, a successful data transmission of 64 Gbps and 128 Gbps DP-QPSK signal over 20 km SMF and 10 m indoor FSO links, respectively, is achieved.

  13. Demonstration of L-band DP-QPSK transmission over FSO and fiber channels employing InAs/InP quantum-dash laser source

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shemis, M. A.; Khan, M. T. A.; Alkhazraji, E.; Ragheb, A. M.; Esmail, M. A.; Fathallah, H.; Qureshi, K. K.; Alshebeili, S.; Khan, M. Z. M.

    2018-03-01

    The next generation of optical access communication networks that support 100 Gbps and beyond, require advances in modulation schemes, spectrum utilization, new transmission bands, and efficient devices, particularly laser diodes. In this paper, we investigated the viability of new-class of InAs/InP Quantum-dash laser diode (Qdash-LD) exhibiting multiple longitudinal light modes in the L-band to carry high-speed data rate for access network applications. We exploited external and self injection-locking techniques on Qdash-LD to generate large number of stable and tunable locked modes, and compared them. To stem the capability of each locked mode as a potential subcarrier, data transmission is carried out over two mediums; single mode fiber (SMF) and free space optics (FSO) to emulate real deployment scenarios of optical networks. The results showed that with external-injection locking (EIL), an error-free transmission of 100 Gbps dual polarization quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) signal is demonstrated over 10 km SMF and 4 m indoor FSO channels, with capability of reaching up to 128 Gbps, demonstrated under back-to-back (BTB) configuration. On the other hand, using self-injection locking (SIL) scheme, a successful data transmission of 64 Gbps and 128 Gbps DP-QPSK signal over 20 km SMF and 10 m indoor FSO links, respectively, is achieved.

  14. Biochemical and Structural Insights into the Mechanism of DNA Recognition by Arabidopsis ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinghui Song

    Full Text Available Gaseous hormone ethylene regulates numerous stress responses and developmental adaptations in plants by controlling gene expression via transcription factors ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3 and EIN3-Like1 (EIL1. However, our knowledge regarding to the accurate definition of DNA-binding domains (DBDs within EIN3 and also the mechanism of specific DNA recognition by EIN3 is limited. Here, we identify EIN3 82-352 and 174-306 as the optimal and core DBDs, respectively. Results from systematic biochemical analyses reveal that both the number of EIN3-binding sites (EBSs and the spacing length between two EBSs affect the binding affinity of EIN3; accordingly, a new DNA probe which has higher affinity with EIN3 than ERF1 is also designed. Furthermore, we show that palindromic repeat sequences in ERF1 promoter are not necessary for EIN3 binding. Finally, we provide, to our knowledge, the first crystal structure of EIN3 core DBD, which contains amino acid residues essential for DNA binding and signaling. Collectively, these data suggest the detailed mechanism of DNA recognition by EIN3 and provide an in-depth view at molecular level for the transcriptional regulation mediated by EIN3.

  15. Back to nature: Power from biomass; Zurueck zur Natur: Energie aus Biomasse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beerbaum, S. [Hohenheim Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Agrarpolitik und landwirtschaftliche Marktlehre; Kappelmann, K.H. [Fachhochschule Nuertingen (Germany); Haerdtlein, M. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Energiewirtschaft und Rationelle Energieanwendung; Kaltschmitt, M. [Technische Univ. Muenchen-Weihenstephan (Germany); Ising, M. [Fraunhofer Inst. fuer Umwelt-, Sicherheits-, und Energietechnik, Oberhausen (Germany); Meier, D.; Faix, O. [Institut fuer Holzchemie und chemische Technologie des Holzes, Hamburg (Germany); Gerdes, C. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Makromolekulare und Technische Chemie

    2000-05-01

    Excepting nuclear power, there are just two strategies to reduce global warming, i.e. either by saving energy or by using renewables, supported by public funding and guaranteed rates. The options of solar, wind, and hydroelectric power are limited in our climate and their potential is nearly completely exploited in some regions already. Biomass is an interesting option. Its introduction should be speeded up as it takes about 50 - 60 years for a new technology to be fully accepted. [German] Soll der Treibhauseffekt eingedaemmt werden, ohne in grossem Umfang auf Kernenergie zurueckzugreifen, bleiben nur zwei Moeglichkeiten: Energiesparen und verstaerkter Einsatz regenerativer Energiequellen. Finanzielle Foerderung aus oeffentlichen Mitteln und Garantiepreise bei der Stromerzeugung sollen den Weg gangbar machen. Sonne, Wind und Wasser eignen sich leider hierzulande nur begrenzt, teilweise ist ihr Potenzial schon weitgehend ausgeschoepft. Eine wichtige Ergaenzung des Angebots duerfte deshalb die Biomasse sein. Letztlich ist sie eine Speicherform von Sonnenenergie: Durch Photosynthese erzeugen Pflanzen aus Kohlendioxid und Wasser ihre eigenen Energietraeger, die Kohlenhydrate. Weil beim Verbrennen nur das aufgenommene Kohlendioxid wieder frei wird, zeigt die energetische Nutzung von Biomasse eine weitgehend ausgeglichene Klimabilanz. Doch Eile ist geboten. Die Nutzung von Kohle und Erdoel benoetigte 50 bis 60 Jahre, um sich zu etablieren; Experten halten das fuer einen typischen Zeitraum (den auch die Kernenergie noch nicht durchschritten hat). Sich erneuernde Energiequellen stehen noch am Anfang dieser Einfuehrungsphase. (orig.)

  16. Space Weathering in Houston: A Role for the Experimental Impact Laboratory at JSC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cintala, M. J.; Keller, L. P.; Christoffersen, R.; Hoerz, F.

    2015-01-01

    The effective investigation of space weathering demands an interdisciplinary approach that is at least as diversified as any other in planetary science. Because it is a macroscopic process affecting all bodies in the solar system, impact and its resulting shock effects must be given detailed attention in this regard. Direct observation of the effects of impact is most readily done for the Moon, but it still remains difficult for other bodies in the solar system. Analyses of meteorites and precious returned samples provide clues for space weathering on asteroids, but many deductions arising from those studies must still be considered circumstantial. Theoretical work is also indispensable, but it can only go as far as the sometimes meager data allow. Experimentation, however, can permit near real-time study of myriad processes that could contribute to space weathering. This contribution describes some of the capabilities of the Johnson Space Center's Experimental Impact Laboratory (EIL) and how they might help in understanding the space weathering process.

  17. The stochastic resonance for the incidence function model of metapopulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jiang-Cheng; Dong, Zhi-Wei; Zhou, Ruo-Wei; Li, Yun-Xian; Qian, Zhen-Wei

    2017-06-01

    A stochastic model with endogenous and exogenous periodicities is proposed in this paper on the basis of metapopulation dynamics to model the crop yield losses due to pests and diseases. The rationale is that crop yield losses occur because the physiology of the growing crop is negatively affected by pests and diseases in a dynamic way over time as crop both grows and develops. Metapopulation dynamics can thus be used to model the resultant crop yield losses. The stochastic metapopulation process is described by using the Simplified Incidence Function model (IFM). Compared to the original IFMs, endogenous and exogenous periodicities are considered in the proposed model to handle the cyclical patterns observed in pest infestations, diseases epidemics, and exogenous affecting factors such as temperature and rainfalls. Agricultural loss data in China are used to fit the proposed model. Experimental results demonstrate that: (1) Model with endogenous and exogenous periodicities is a better fit; (2) When the internal system fluctuations and external environmental fluctuations are negatively correlated, EIL or the cost of loss is monotonically increasing; when the internal system fluctuations and external environmental fluctuations are positively correlated, an outbreak of pests and diseases might occur; (3) If the internal system fluctuations and external environmental fluctuations are positively correlated, an optimal patch size can be identified which will greatly weaken the effects of external environmental influence and hence inhibit pest infestations and disease epidemics.

  18. Hormonal networks involved in apical hook development in darkness and their response to light

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Agustina Mazzella

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In darkness, the dicot seedlings produces an apical hook as result of differential cell division and extension at opposite sides of the hypocotyl. This hook protects the apical meristem from mechanical damage during seedling emergence from the soil. In darkness, gibberellins act via the DELLA-PIF (PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTORs pathway, and ethylene acts via the EIN3/EIL1 (ETHYLENE INSENSITIE 3/EIN3 like 1-HLS1 (HOOKLESS 1 pathway to control the asymmetric accumulation of auxin required for apical hook formation and maintenance. These core pathways form a network with multiple points of connection. Light perception by phytochromes and cryptochromes reduces the activity of PIFs and CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1 (COP1 --both required for hook formation in darkness--, lowers the levels of gibberellins, and triggers hook opening as a component of the switch between heterotrophic and photoautotrophic development. Apical hook opening is thus a suitable model to study the convergence of endogenous and exogenous signals on the control of cell division and cell growth.

  19. Жагаристы и русская литературная среда | Žagarai ir rusų literatūrinė aplinka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Павел Лавринец

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available „Paskutinės Vilniaus plejados“, lenkų poetų grupės „Żagary“ narių (Teodor Bujnicki, Józef Maśliński, Czesław Miłosz, Jerzy Putrament, Aleksander Rym­kiewicz, Jerzy Zagórski ir kiti kūrybos pirmieji ver­tinimai kitakalbėje spaudoje ir vertimai į kitą kalbą pasirodė Vilniaus rusų periodikoje. Straipsnyje nagri­nėjami žagarų ir rusų literatų kontaktai literatūrinio gyvenimo kontekste bei rekonstruojamos bendros lenkų ir rusų literatų sąveikos sąlygos. Lenkų poetai ir Stepono Batoro Universiteto mokslininkai dalyva­vo Vilniaus rusų literatų renginiuose, rusų literatai skaitė pranešimus ir dalyvavo diskusijose lenkų lite­ratų vakaruose. Rusų literatūrinio gyvenimo dalyviai studijavo ar dėstė Stepono Batoro Universiteto, dirbo Vilniaus įstaigose, bendradarbiavo Vilniaus lenkų ir rusų periodinėje spaudoje kartu su savo lenkų kole­gomis. Vienam iš rusų literatūrinio gyvenimo vado­vų, produktyviam lenkų poezijos vertėjui, kritikui ir publicistui Dorofėjui Bochanui teko 1933 m. lenkų „literatūriniame trečiadienyje“ diskutuoti su Miłoszu ir kitais lenkų literatūrinio jaunimo atstovais meninio vertimo klausimais. Tas pats Bochanas skyrė daug dėmesio Bujnickio kūrybai dideliame straipsnyje apie naujausią lenkų poeziją, pateikdamas jo eilėraš­čių vertimus ir pastebėdamas Aleksandro Bloko ir Vladimiro Majakovskio įtaką (1934. Bochanas iš­kritikavo Bujnickio ir Maślińskio eilėraščius, bet tei­giamai atsiliepė apie Rymkiewicziaus, Putramento, Zagórskio kūrinius, išspausdintos pirmajame žurnalo Środy Literackie numeryje (1935. Apskritai žagarų kūryba buvo gerai žinoma Vilniaus rusų literatams, tačiau ne visai priimtina tiek dėl avangardistinės for­mos, tiek dėl kairuoliško turinio. Kita vertus, žagarai domėjosi rusų poezija nuo Puškino ir Lermontovo iki Achmatovos, Gumiliovo ir Jesenino, tačiau didesnio dėmesio Vilniaus rusų poetų k

  20. Why Oats Are Safe and Healthy for Celiac Disease Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luud J. W. J. Gilissen

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The water-insoluble storage proteins of cereals (prolamins are called “gluten” in wheat, barley, and rye, and “avenins” in oat. Gluten can provoke celiac disease (CD in genetically susceptible individuals (those with human leukocyte antigen (HLA-DQ2 or HLA-DQ8 serotypes. Avenins are present at a lower concentration (10%–15% of total protein content in oat as compared to gluten in wheat (80%–85%. The avenins in the genus Avena (cultivated oat as well as various wild species of which gene bank accessions were analyzed are free of the known CD immunogenic epitopes from wheat, barley, and rye. T cells that recognize avenin-specific epitopes have been found very rarely in CD patients. CD patients that consume oats daily do not show significantly increased levels of intraepithelial lymphocyte (EIL cells. The safety and the positive health effects of the long-term inclusion of oats in the gluten-free diet have been confirmed in long-term studies. Since 2009 (EC 41/2009 and 2013 (FDA oat products may be sold as gluten-free in several countries provided a gluten contamination level below 20 ppm. Introduction of oats in the gluten-free diet of celiac patients is advised after the recovery of the intestine. Health effects of oat consumption are reflected in European Food Safety Authority (EFSA- and Food and Drug Administration (FDA-approved health claims. Oats can form a healthy, nutritious, fiber-rich, and safe complement to the gluten-free diet.

  1. Analysis of gene expression during the transition to climacteric phase in carnation flowers (Dianthus caryophyllus L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    In, Byung-Chun; Binder, Brad M; Falbel, Tanya G; Patterson, Sara E

    2013-11-01

    It has been generally thought that in ethylene-sensitive plants such as carnations, senescence proceeds irreversibly once the tissues have entered the climacteric phase. While pre-climacteric petal tissues have a lower sensitivity to ethylene, these tissues are converted to the climacteric phase at a critical point during flower development. In this study, it is demonstrated that the senescence process initiated by exogenous ethylene is reversible in carnation petals. Petals treated with ethylene for 12h showed sustained inrolling and senescence, while petals treated with ethylene for 10h showed inrolling followed by recovery from inrolling. Reverse transcription-PCR analysis revealed differential expression of genes involved in ethylene biosynthesis and ethylene signalling between 10h and 12h ethylene treatment. Ethylene treatment at or beyond 12h (threshold time) decreased the mRNA levels of the receptor genes (DcETR1, DcERS1, and DcERS2) and DcCTR genes, and increased the ethylene biosynthesis genes DcACS1 and DcACO1. In contrast, ethylene treatment under the threshold time caused a transient decrease in the receptor genes and DcCTR genes, and a transient increase in DcACS1 and DcACO1. Sustained DcACS1 accumulation is correlated with decreases in DcCTR genes and increase in DcEIL3 and indicates that tissues have entered the climacteric phase and that senescence proceeds irreversibly. Inhibition of ACS (1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase) prior to 12h ethylene exposure was not able to prevent reduction in transcripts of DcCTR genes, yet suppressed transcript of DcACS1 and DcACO1. This leads to the recovery from inrolling of the petals, indicating that DcACS1 may act as a signalling molecule in senescence of flowers.

  2. The ambiguous ripening nature of the fig (Ficus carica L.) fruit: a gene-expression study of potential ripening regulators and ethylene-related genes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freiman, Zohar E.; Rosianskey, Yogev; Dasmohapatra, Rajeswari; Kamara, Itzhak; Flaishman, Moshe A.

    2015-01-01

    The traditional definition of climacteric and non-climacteric fruits has been put into question. A significant example of this paradox is the climacteric fig fruit. Surprisingly, ripening-related ethylene production increases following pre- or postharvest 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) application in an unexpected auto-inhibitory manner. In this study, ethylene production and the expression of potential ripening-regulator, ethylene-synthesis, and signal-transduction genes are characterized in figs ripening on the tree and following preharvest 1-MCP application. Fig ripening-related gene expression was similar to that in tomato and apple during ripening on the tree, but only in the fig inflorescence–drupelet section. Because the pattern in the receptacle is different for most of the genes, the fig drupelets developed inside the syconium are proposed to function as parthenocarpic true fruit, regulating ripening processes for the whole accessory fruit. Transcription of a potential ripening regulator, FcMADS8, increased during ripening on the tree and was inhibited following 1-MCP treatment. Expression patterns of the ethylene-synthesis genes FcACS2, FcACS4, and FcACO3 could be related to the auto-inhibition reaction of ethylene production in 1-MCP-treated fruit. Along with FcMADS8 suppression, gene expression analysis revealed upregulation of FcEBF1, and downregulation of FcEIL3 and several FcERFs by 1-MCP treatment. This corresponded with the high storability of the treated fruit. One FcERF was overexpressed in the 1-MCP-treated fruit, and did not share the increasing pattern of most FcERFs in the tree-ripened fig. This demonstrates the potential of this downstream ethylene-signal-transduction component as an ethylene-synthesis regulator, responsible for the non-climacteric auto-inhibition of ethylene production in fig. PMID:25956879

  3. Analysis of the Electrical Properties of an Electron Injection Layer in Alq3-Based Organic Light Emitting Diodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Soonkon; Choi, Pyungho; Kim, Sangsub; Park, Hyoungsun; Baek, Dohyun; Kim, Sangsoo; Choi, Byoungdeog

    2016-05-01

    We investigated the carrier transfer and luminescence characteristics of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) with structure ITO/HAT-CN/NPB/Alq3/Al, ITO/HAT-CN/NPB/Alq3/Liq/Al, and ITO/HAT-CN/NPB/Alq3/LiF/A. The performance of the OLED device is improved by inserting an electron injection layer (EIL), which induces lowering of the electron injection barrier. We also investigated the electrical transport behaviors of p-Si/Alq3/Al, p-Si/Alq3/Liq/Al, and p-Si/Alq3/LiF/Al Schottky diodes, by using current-voltage (L-V) and capacitance-voltage (C-V) characterization methods. The parameters of diode quality factor n and barrier height φ(b) were dependent on the interlayer materials between Alq3 and Al. The barrier heights φ(b) were 0.59, 0.49, and 0.45 eV, respectively, and the diode quality factors n were 1.34, 1.31, and 1.30, respectively, obtained from the I-V characteristics. The built in potentials V(bi) were 0.41, 0.42, and 0.42 eV, respectively, obtained from the C-V characteristics. In this experiment, Liq and LiF thin film layers improved the carrier transport behaviors by increasing electron injection from Al to Alq3, and the LiF schottky diode showed better I-V performance than the Liq schottky diode. We confirmed that a Liq or LiF thin film inter-layer governs electron and hole transport at the Al/Alq3 interface, and has an important role in determining the electrical properties of OLED devices.

  4. Assessment of potentially toxic metal contamination in the soils of a legacy mine site in Central Victoria, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Joji; Dowling, Kim; Florentine, Singarayer

    2018-02-01

    The environmental impact of toxic metal contamination from legacy mining activities, many of which had operated and were closed prior to the enforcement of robust environmental legislation, is of growing concern to modern society. We have carried out analysis of As and potentially toxic metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in the surface soil of a legacy gold mining site in Maldon, Victoria, Australia, to reveal the status of the current metal concentration. The results revealed the median concentrations of metals from highest to lowest, in the order: Mn > Zn > As > Cr > Cu > Pb > Ni > Co > Hg > Cd. The status of site was assessed directly by comparing the metal concentrations in the study area with known Australian and Victorian average top soil levels and the health investigation levels set by the National Environmental Protection Measures (NEPM) and the Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC) of the State of Western Australia. Although, median concentrations of As, Hg, Pb, Cu and Zn exceeded the average Australian and Victorian top soil concentrations, only As and Hg exceeded the ecological investigation levels (EIL) set by DEC and thus these metals are considered as risk to the human and aquatic ecosystems health due to their increase in concentration and toxicity. In an environment of climate fluctuation with increased storm events and forest fires may mobilize these toxic metals contaminants, pose a real threat to the environment and the community. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Complex dynamics and switching transients in periodically forced Filippov prey–predator system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tang, Guangyao; Qin, Wenjie; Tang, Sanyi

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: •We develop a Filippov prey–predator model with periodic forcing. •The sliding mode dynamics and its domain have been investigated. •The existence and stability of sliding periodic solution have been discussed. •The complex dynamics are addressed through bifurcation analyses. •Switching transients and their biological implications have been discussed. - Abstract: By employing threshold policy control (TPC) in combination with the definition of integrated pest management (IPM), a Filippov prey–predator model with periodic forcing has been proposed and studied, and the periodic forcing is affected by assuming a periodic variation in the intrinsic growth rate of the prey. This study aims to address how the periodic forcing and TPC affect the pest control. To do this, the sliding mode dynamics and sliding mode domain have been addressed firstly by using Utkin’s equivalent control method, and then the existence and stability of sliding periodic solution are investigated. Furthermore, the complex dynamics including multiple attractors coexistence, period adding sequences and chaotic solutions with respect to bifurcation parameters of forcing amplitude and economic threshold (ET) have been investigated numerically in more detail. Finally the switching transients associated with pest outbreaks and their biological implications have been discussed. Our results indicate that the sliding periodic solution could be globally stable, and consequently the prey or pest population can be controlled such that its density falls below the economic injury level (EIL). Moreover, the switching transients have both advantages and disadvantages concerning pest control, and the magnitude and frequency of switching transients depend on the initial values of both populations, forcing amplitude and ET

  6. Pyramiding genes and alleles for improving energy cane biomass yield

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ming, Ray [University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Nagai, Chifumi [Hawaii Agriculture Research Center; Yu, Qingyi [Texas A & M AgriLife Research

    2018-03-23

    could potentially regulate biomass yield. Differentially expressed genes, PIF3 and EIL5, involved in gibberellin and ethylene pathway could play an important role in biomass accumulation. Differential gene expression analysis was also carried out on the LU population. High-biomass yield was mainly determined by assimilation of carbon in source tissues. The high-level expression of fermentative genes in the low-biomass group was likely induced by their low-energy status. The haploid (tetraploid) genome of S. spontanium AP85-441 was sequenced with chromosome level assembly and allele defined annotation. This reference genome along with the upcoming S. officinarum genome will allow us to identify genes and alleles contributed to biomass yield.

  7. Origin and prospectivity of heavy mineral enriched sand deposits along the Somaliland coastal areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, M. Y.; Hibberd, P.; Stoikovich, B.

    2018-04-01

    Sixty-one heavy mineral enriched samples along the Somaliland coast from Eil Sheikh to Ras Khatib, a distance of about 130 km, were analyzed using X-ray Fluorescence, X-ray Diffraction and SEM-EDS techniques. This study reveals that a considerable amount of heavy minerals is present along the Somaliland coast and confirms the presence of high concentration titanium and iron bearing minerals. However, the backshore deposits in the mouths of Waaheen and Biyo Gure ephemeral rivers as well as raised paleo-beaches in the east of port city of Berbera demonstrate the highest level of titaniferous heavy minerals with most samples showing concentration greater than 50 wt %. The titanium detected in geochemical analysis occurs in the form of ilmenite, rutile, titanite and titaniferous magnetite. Also, present in minor or trace amounts, are garnet, zircon and monazite. Heavy mineral accumulations in the east and west of Berbera have different mineralogical assemblages. The east of Berbera is dominated by quartz with moderate concentration of plagioclase, K-feldspar, magnetite, hematite and titanium bearing minerals, whereas in the west of Berbera, the dominant minerals are quartz, K-feldspar and plagioclase with variable proportions of ilmenite, rutile, mica, amphibole and pyroxene. These variations in mineral assemblages suggest different composition of the catchment areas that supply sediment to these deposits. The catchment area in the east of Berbera consists mainly of Proterozoic crystalline basement of the Qabri Bahar complex, Gabbro-Synenite belt and granitic intrusions that outcrop in Hudiso, Tulo Dibijo and surrounding areas. The primary sources of heavy minerals in the west of Berbera comprise of high-grade metamorphic rocks of the Mora and Qabri Bahar complexes as well as the Miocene volcanics that outcrop in Laferug and Hagabo areas. The heavy mineral sand deposits observed along the Somaliland coast have the potential to provide commercially important heavy

  8. Deciphering Mineral Homeostasis in Barley Seed Transfer Cells at Transcriptional Level.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behrooz Darbani

    Full Text Available In addition to the micronutrient inadequacy of staple crops for optimal human nutrition, a global downtrend in crop-quality has emerged from intensive breeding for yield. This trend will be aggravated by elevated levels of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. Therefore, crop biofortification is inevitable to ensure a sustainable supply of minerals to the large part of human population who is dietary dependent on staple crops. This requires a thorough understanding of plant-mineral interactions due to the complexity of mineral homeostasis. Employing RNA sequencing, we here communicate transfer cell specific effects of excess iron and zinc during grain filling in our model crop plant barley. Responding to alterations in mineral contents, we found a long range of different genes and transcripts. Among them, it is worth to highlight the auxin and ethylene signaling factors Arfs, Abcbs, Cand1, Hps4, Hac1, Ecr1, and Ctr1, diurnal fluctuation components Sdg2, Imb1, Lip1, and PhyC, retroelements, sulfur homeostasis components Amp1, Hmt3, Eil3, and Vip1, mineral trafficking components Med16, Cnnm4, Aha2, Clpc1, and Pcbps, and vacuole organization factors Ymr155W, RabG3F, Vps4, and Cbl3. Our analysis introduces new interactors and signifies a broad spectrum of regulatory levels from chromatin remodeling to intracellular protein sorting mechanisms active in the plant mineral homeostasis. The results highlight the importance of storage proteins in metal ion toxicity-resistance and chelation. Interestingly, the protein sorting and recycling factors Exoc7, Cdc1, Sec23A, and Rab11A contributed to the response as well as the polar distributors of metal-transporters ensuring the directional flow of minerals. Alternative isoform switching was found important for plant adaptation and occurred among transcripts coding for identical proteins as well as transcripts coding for protein isoforms. We also identified differences in the alternative-isoform preference between

  9. Deciphering Mineral Homeostasis in Barley Seed Transfer Cells at Transcriptional Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darbani, Behrooz; Noeparvar, Shahin; Borg, Søren

    2015-01-01

    In addition to the micronutrient inadequacy of staple crops for optimal human nutrition, a global downtrend in crop-quality has emerged from intensive breeding for yield. This trend will be aggravated by elevated levels of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. Therefore, crop biofortification is inevitable to ensure a sustainable supply of minerals to the large part of human population who is dietary dependent on staple crops. This requires a thorough understanding of plant-mineral interactions due to the complexity of mineral homeostasis. Employing RNA sequencing, we here communicate transfer cell specific effects of excess iron and zinc during grain filling in our model crop plant barley. Responding to alterations in mineral contents, we found a long range of different genes and transcripts. Among them, it is worth to highlight the auxin and ethylene signaling factors Arfs, Abcbs, Cand1, Hps4, Hac1, Ecr1, and Ctr1, diurnal fluctuation components Sdg2, Imb1, Lip1, and PhyC, retroelements, sulfur homeostasis components Amp1, Hmt3, Eil3, and Vip1, mineral trafficking components Med16, Cnnm4, Aha2, Clpc1, and Pcbps, and vacuole organization factors Ymr155W, RabG3F, Vps4, and Cbl3. Our analysis introduces new interactors and signifies a broad spectrum of regulatory levels from chromatin remodeling to intracellular protein sorting mechanisms active in the plant mineral homeostasis. The results highlight the importance of storage proteins in metal ion toxicity-resistance and chelation. Interestingly, the protein sorting and recycling factors Exoc7, Cdc1, Sec23A, and Rab11A contributed to the response as well as the polar distributors of metal-transporters ensuring the directional flow of minerals. Alternative isoform switching was found important for plant adaptation and occurred among transcripts coding for identical proteins as well as transcripts coding for protein isoforms. We also identified differences in the alternative-isoform preference between the treatments

  10. Dependence of surface morphology on molecular structure and its influence on the properties of OLEDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, S.H. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Hongik University, 72-1, Sangsu-Dong, Mapo-Gu, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Ryu, G.Y. [Department of Electric Information and Control Engineering, Hongik University, 72-1, Sangsu-Dong, Mapo-Gu, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Seo, J.H.; Park, J.H. [Center for Organic Materials and Information Devices (COMID), Hongik University, 72-1, Sangsu-Dong, Mapo-Gu, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Information Display, Hongik University, 72-1, Sangsu-Dong, Mapo-Gu, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Youn, S.W. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Hongik University, 72-1, Sangsu-Dong, Mapo-Gu, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Y.K. [Center for Organic Materials and Information Devices (COMID), Hongik University, 72-1, Sangsu-Dong, Mapo-Gu, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Information Display, Hongik University, 72-1, Sangsu-Dong, Mapo-Gu, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Shin, D.M. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Hongik University, 72-1, Sangsu-Dong, Mapo-Gu, Seoul 121-791 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: shindm@wow.hongik.ac.kr

    2008-09-15

    Most organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have a multilayer structure composed of organic layers such as a hole injection layer (HIL), a hole transport layer (HTL), an emission layer (EML), an electron transport layer (ETL) and an electron injection layer (EIL) sandwiched between two electrodes. The organic layers are thin solid films with a thickness from a few nano meters to a few tenths nano meter, respectively. Surface morphology of an organic thin solid film in OLEDs depends on the molecular structure of the organic material and has an affect on device performance. To analyze the effect of surface morphology of an organic thin solid film on fluorescence and electroluminescence (EL) properties, thin solid films of 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-(julolidin-4-yl-vinyl)-4H-pyran (DCM2) and new red fluorophores, (2E,2'E)-3,3'-[4,4''-bis(dimethylamino)-1,1':4',1''-terphenyl-2',5'-diyl] bis[2= -(2-thienyl)acrylonitrile] (ABCV-Th) and (2Z,2'Z)-3,3'-[4,4''-bis(dimethylamino)-1,1':4',1''-terphenyl-2',5'-diyl] bis(2-phenylacrylonitrile) (ABCV-P) were investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The samples for EL and AFM measurement were fabricated by the high-vacuum thermal deposition (8x10{sup -7} Torr) of organic materials onto the surface of indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass substrate, in which the layer structures of samples for AFM measurement and those for EL measurement were ITO/NPB (40 nm)/red emitters (80 nm) and ITO/NPB (40 nm)/red emitters (80 nm)/BCP (30 nm)/Liq (2 nm)/Al (100 nm), respectively. The analysis based on AFM measurements well supported that the photoluminescence properties and the device performance were very much dependent upon surface morphology of an organic thin layer.

  11. Silica in invasive wetland plant species of lagoons, Côte d'Ivoire: Spatio-temporal patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    José-mathieu Koné, Yéfanlan; Schoelynck, Jonas

    2017-04-01

    Tropical wetlands are known to accumulate a large quantity of Biogenic Silica (BSi) produced by wetland plant species (Struyf et al., 2015), and approximately 70-80% of the total supply of Dissolved Si (DSi) to the coastal zone occurs in (sub) tropical river systems (Jennerjahn et al. 2006). However, the data at these latitudes are limited. Here, we present the BSi concentration from eleven invasive macrophyte species randomly collected in three small ( 800ha) lagoons of Côte d'Ivoire during 12 months. Our data showed a large spatio-temporal variability of BSi in the three lagoons with no consistent trends. In general, the BSi concentrations obtained were high and values ranged from 0 to 54 mg g-1 through the entire sampling period, with the highest values found in Acroceras zizaniodes (emergent species of Poaceae). In general, free floating species had significantly less BSi than emergent species (Pspecies of fern, Salviniaceae) at the young stage were similar to those found in the emergent species. Based on yearly averages, highest BSi values were observed in Kodjoboué lagoon, and the lowest in the Ono lagoon that is 80% covered by macrophytes. Moreover, the dissolved silica (DSi) concentrations were systematically higher in Ono Lagoon than in Kodjoboué Lagoon. We conclude that in an eutrophic system Si accumulating in aquatic macrophytes is not related to Si availability but to other environmental factors. Jennerjahn, T.C., Knoppers, B.A., de Souze, W.F.L., Brunskill, G.J., Silva, E.I.L., Adi, S. et al., 2006. Factors controlling dissolved silica in tropical rivers. In: Ittekot, V. (ed) The silicon cycle. Island Press, Washington, D. C, pp 29-51 Schoelynck J and Struyf E, 2016. Silicon in aquatic vegetation. Functional Ecology. 30: 1323-1330. Struyf, E., Mosimane, K., Van Pelt, D., Murray-Hudson, M., Meire, P., Frings, P., Wolski, P., Schaller, J., Gondwe, M.J., Schoelynck, J. and Conley, D.J., 2015. The role of vegetation in the Okavango Delta silica sink

  12. Organic Rankine cycle saves energy and reduces gas emissions for cement production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Huarong; Xu, Jinliang; Yang, Xufei; Miao, Zheng; Yu, Chao

    2015-01-01

    We investigated ORCs (organic Rankine cycles) integrated with typical China cement production line. The dry air at the kiln cooler outlet with the temperature of 220 °C was the waste heat. The fluids of hexane, isohexane, R601, R123 and R245fa were selected for ORCs based on the critical temperature criterion. The developed ORC verified the thermodynamics analysis. The NPV (net present value) and PBP (payback period) methods were applied to evaluate the economic performance. The LCA (life cycle assessment) was applied to evaluate the environment impacts. ORCs could generate 67,85,540–81,21,650 kWh electricity per year, equivalent to save 2035–2436 tons standard coal and reduce 7743–9268 tons CO 2 emission, for a 4000 t/d cement production line. ORCs reduced gas emissions of CO 2 by 0.62–0.74%, SO 2 by 3.83–4.59% and NO x by 1.36–1.63%. The PBP (payback period) was 2.74–3.42 years. The ORCs had the reduction ratios of EIL (environment impact load) by 1.49–1.83%, GWP (global warming potential) by 0.74–0.92%, AP (acidification potential) by 2.34–2.84%, EP (eutrophication potential) by 0.96–1.22% and HTP (human toxicity potential) by 2.38–2.89%. The ORC with R601 as the fluid had the best economic performance and significant gas emission reductions. ORCs had good economic performance and reduce the gas emissions. - Highlights: • Organic Rankine Cycles were integrated with the cement production line. • Five organic fluids were used as the working fluids for ORCs. • Thermal, economic and gas emission performances were analyzed. • R601 was the best fluid for ORC with the heat source temperature of 220 °C. • ORCs had good economic and gas emission reduction performances

  13. The involvement of ethylene in regulation of Arabidopsis gravitropism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ning; Zhu, Lin

    green 1, Chen et al 2005; Guo et al 2008). To address the molecular mechanism by which ethylene regulates gravitropism, a cutting-edge phosphopro-teomics approach has been adopted to discover new components involved in ethylene signaling pathways (Li et al 2009). Two putative ethylene response transcription factors: EIL1 and ERF110, have been identified to contain ethylene-regulated phosphorylation sites, the phos-phorylation status of which are ethylene treatment-dependent but EIN2-independent, strongly suggestive of the existence of novel signaling components mediating an alternative ethylene signal pathway. Combination of the time-dependent ethylene treatments with the systematic profiling of protein phosphorylation using functional phosphoproteomics among Arabidopsis ethylene response mutants is able to provide more valuable information about the molecular mechanisms underlying ethylene and gravity signaling pathways. (This work is supported by grants: RPC07/08.SC16, 661408, 661207, N HKUST627/06, DAG04/05.SC08, HKUST6105/01M, and HKUST6413/06M)

  14. Verwaiste und vergriffene Werke - Kommt das 20. Jahrhundert endlich in die Digitale Bibliothek?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armin Talke

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Am 20.September 2013 hat das am 27. Juni vom Bundestag (Fn 2 verabschiedete Gesetz zur Nutzung verwaister und vergriffener Werke auch den Bundesrat passiert. Es entspricht weitgehend dem Entwurf der Bundesregierung (Fn 3. Kleinere, vom Rechtsausschuss vorgeschlagene (Fn 4 Änderungen sind eingeflossen. Der Regelung liegt zum Teil die Richtlinie 2012/28/EU vom 25. Oktober 2012 über bestimmte zulässige Nutzungen verwaister Werke zugrunde. Nachdem lange Zeit von vielen Interessengruppen eine Weiterentwicklung des Urheberrechts gefordert wurde, haben die Deutschen Gesetzgebungsorgane mit der Regelung in §§ 61 ff UrhG zu den verwaisten und in §§ 13d und e UrhWahrnG zu den vergriffenen Werken, neben den gleichzeitig verabschiedeten Vorgaben für ein „Zweitverwertungsrecht”, in aller Eile vor der Sommerpause und der Bundestagswahl einen kleinen Fortschritt getan. In europarechtlicher Hinsicht wäre die Regelung so schnell gar nicht notwendig gewesen: Die Umsetzungsfrist läuft nach Art. 9 Abs.1 der Richtlinie erst zum 29.9.2014 ab. Auch inhaltlich übertrifft das Gesetz mit der Normierung der Lizenzierung „vergriffener” Werke durch Verwertungsgesellschaften die zwingenden Vorgaben der Richtlinie. Ein neues „Kapitel in der Geschichte des Urheberrechts”, das von der Bundesjustizministerin schon im Juni 2010 angemahnt worden war (Fn 5, ist damit allerdings noch nicht geschrieben. Die Richtlinie und das Gesetz erlauben die Digitalisierung von noch urheberrechtlich geschützten Werktypen verschiedenster Art, die in unterschiedlichen Kultureinrichtungen vorhanden sind. Die folgenden Ausführungen beziehen sich vorwiegend auf die Nutzung gedruckter Literatur. In September, 2013, the German legislators adopted the law on orphan works and out-of-print-works. Both categories affect works which are still under copyright. The clash of interests, however, of cultural institutions holding items of these works, and rightsholders, are not serious, as

  15. Notizen zu altpr. mosla, moska

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Gliwa

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Pastabos dėl pr. mosla, moskaSantraukaŽodžių pr. mosla – v.v.a. leimat (GrG73, moska – leimet (GrA85, Moska – Leimet, Viscus (GrF86, išskyrus lo. viscus, reikšmės nėra aiškios, o pastarasis yra daugiareikšmis. Svarstoma keletas prūsų kalbos rūpimo žodžio kilmės variantų, manant, kad lo. viscus „amalas, klijai iš amalo, spąstai paukš­čiams su klijais“ teisingai perteikia pr. mosla.1. Jei žodis įvardytų masalą, ypač su klijais smulkiems paukščiams gaudyti (plg. v.v.a. lîm–ruote, tada pr. mosla lygintinas su lie. mãsalas, mãsinti, kur pr. šaknyje būtų kaip Noye (Gr. = nage (E 145, pig. lie. nagà. Darybiškai pr. mosla gretintinas su lie. mãsalas kaip lie. dẽglas – su dẽgalas, plerplà – su pler̃palas. Beje, nerasta jokių duomenų, kad baltai būtų taip medžioję.2. Kadangi vok. Mistel „amalas“ galbūt yra vedinys iš Mist „mėšlas“, ieškota mosla sąsajos su lie. mė́šlas, mė́žti. Galima pastarojo žodžio giminystė su lie. mỹžti rodytų šaknies apofonijos i eilę, kur laipsnis ō nelauktinas. Variantas atmetamas.3. Amalas yra krūmu ant medžių augantis parazitas. Pavadinimai įvardija jo formą, pvz.: lie. laumės šluota, vok. dial. Kraigennest „varnos lizdas“. Vok. dial. Wispe, Wespe, atrodo, irgi perteikia augalo formą, plg. norv. visp „krūmelis“, šved. visp „virbų maišiklis“ ir vespelten, vispelten „ama­las“. Šiuo atžvilgiu pr. žodį galima lyginti su lie. mastas „mazgas, juosta“ , mãzgas „t.p.“, užsimègzti „pradėti augti (apie tik apvaisintą vaisių“, – tada pr. mosla [masla] būtų *“kas susimazgojęs; kas auga kaip mazgas“.4. Dažnai pr. (Gr šaknyje atitinka lie. u, pvz.: pr. Songos – lie. šunį, šuo. Tad svarstytina pr. mosla sąsaja su lie. mus-: 2mùsti (muñta, mùto „verdant tirštėti...“, mū̃sas „plėvė ant skysčio; vario oksidas; pelėsiai“. Šalia ū esama ir ly