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Sample records for ehitusmasinate tootja volvo

  1. The Volvo Ocean Adventure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boxall, S. R.; Flechter, S.; Byfield, Y.

    2003-04-01

    The Volvo Ocean Adventure is a web-based international programme for schools and young scientists in the 10-16 age range which was established in June 2001 (www.volvooceanadventure.org). Using the Volvo Ocean Race as its focus it made use of environmental data colletced from the yachts in the round the World race to introduce the public to a wide range of marine environmental topics including pollution, global climate change and fisheries. As well as web-based activities for the class room a variety of "road" shows were established with the race along with an international competition to encourage active participation by young people. The Adventure involved input from over 50 scientists form around the World with the first phase finishing in September 2002. The successes and lessons learned will be presented by the science co-ordinators of the project.

  2. New modular engine platform from Volvo; Neue modulare Motoren-Plattform von Volvo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crabb, Derek; Fleiss, Michael; Larsson, Jan-Erik; Somhorst, Joop [Volvo Cars Corporation, Goeteborg (Sweden)

    2013-09-15

    Volvo Cars Corporation is to launch a completely new four-cylinder engine family and architecture in autumn 2013 for worldwide application. The gasoline and diesel engines of the platform have the same cylinder spacing and identical bore and stroke. The common characteristics of the new engines are distinct downsizing, consistent modularity, high power density and low fuel consumption. In the past, Volvo has used engines with four, five, six and eight cylinders, but now the number of cylinder has been reduced to a maximum of four. (orig.)

  3. Project-Based Management Development: "The Volvo Story."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branch, John; Smith, Bryan

    1992-01-01

    A modular group project-based approach to management development was implemented by Volvo Concessionaires (United Kingdom) in partnership with training consultants. Ingredients of its success included top-level commitment, investment in diagnosis and tailoring, and use of company-specific case studies. (SK)

  4. The Ultimate in Flexitime: From Sweden, by Way of Volvo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Paul

    1988-01-01

    In the Volvo component plant on Koping, Sweden, an innovative system of multiple shifts and flexible working hours is offered to employees. The system meets the needs of those who are available for work at certain times and helps curtail turnover and absenteeism. (JOW)

  5. Volvo drivers' experiences with advanced crash avoidance and related technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichelberger, Angela H; McCartt, Anne T

    2014-01-01

    Crash avoidance technologies can potentially prevent or mitigate many crashes, but their success depends in part on driver acceptance. Owners of 2010-2012 model Volvo vehicles with several technologies were interviewed about their experiences. Interviews were conducted in summer 2012 with 155 owners of vehicles with City Safety as a standard feature; 145 owners with an optional technology package that included adaptive cruise control, distance alert, collision warning with full auto brake (and pedestrian detection on certain models), driver alert control, and lane departure warning; and 172 owners with both City Safety and the technology package. The survey response rates were 21 percent for owners with City Safety, 30 percent for owners with the technology package, and 27 percent for owners with both. Ten percent of owners opted out before the telephone survey began, and 18 percent declined to participate when called. Despite some annoyance, most respondents always leave the systems on, although fewer do so for lane departure warning (59%). For each of the systems, at least 80 percent of respondents with the system would want it on their next vehicle. Many respondents reported safer driving habits with the systems (e.g., following less closely with adaptive cruise control, using turn signals more often with lane departure warning). Fewer respondents reported potentially unsafe behavior, such as allowing the vehicle to brake for them at least some of the time. About one third of respondents experienced autonomous braking when they believed they were at risk of crashing, and about one fifth of respondents thought it had prevented a crash. About one fifth of respondents with the technology package reported that they were confused or misunderstood which safety system had activated in their vehicle. Consistent with the results for early adopters in the previous survey of Volvo and Infiniti owners, the present survey found that driver acceptance of the technologies

  6. ANALISIS PENJUALAN VOLVO COMPACTOR PADA PT. INTRACO PENTA, Tbk CABANG PEKANBARU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tasril Tasril

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat kebijaksanaan manajemen dalam menerapkan penjualanalat berat merek Volvo  pada PT. Intraco Penta, Tbk Pekanbaru Daerah pemasaran Riau, dan untuk melihat faktor-faktor apa saja yang menyebabkan belum tercapainya realisasi penjualan alat berat merek Volvo pada PT. Intraco Penta, Tbk Pekanbaru. populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua perusahaan yang membeli dan menggunakan alat berat Compactor merek Volvo yang berjumlah 42 perusahaan.Teknik penggunaan sampel yang di gunakan adalah metode sensus (keseluruhan. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu analisa secara deskriptif.Berdasarkan hasil yang diperoleh diketahui bahwa kurangnya promosi yang di lakukan oleh perusahaan PT. Intraco Penta, Tbk cabang Pekanbaru menyebabkan tidak tercapainya target penjualan Volvo Compactor selama periode penelitian, hal ini terlihat dari 26 responden atau 61% menyatakan tidak pernah.Abstract : This study aims to look at the management's discretion in applying heavy penjualanalat Volvo at PT. Intraco Penta, Tbk Pekanbaru Riau marketing area, and to see what factors are causing yet achieved sales of heavy equipment on the Volvo brand PT. Intraco Penta, Tbk Pekanbaru. population in this study are all companies that buy and use heavy equipment Compactor Volvo totaling 42 perusahaan.Teknik use of sample used is a method of census (overall . Analysis of the data used is descriptive analysis. Based on the results obtained known that the lack of promotion undertaken by the company PT. Intraco Penta, Tbk Pekanbaru branch caused not achieving the sales targets of Volvo Compactor during the study period, it is seen from 26 respondents or 61 % said never. Keywords : Sales, Pricing, Promotion

  7. Treatment with Makmiror-Complex for post-radiation infections volvo-vaginitis in cancer patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Borovtsova, T. M.; Krylov, S.V.; Udovichenko, V.I.

    1996-01-01

    The possibility of applying the Makmiror-Complex preparation for treating post-radiation and post-chemiotherapeutical infections volvo-vaginitis in cancer patients is considered. The multicenter clinical studies of the preparation were conducted by treatment of cervicovaginitis and volvo-vaginitis of mixed etiology, caused by the simplest fungus and various types of bacterial flora. The efficiency of the preparation is as follow: 88% of complete recovery; 9% of improvements and only in 3% of cases with no change

  8. Volvo and Infiniti drivers' experiences with select crash avoidance technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braitman, Keli A; McCartt, Anne T; Zuby, David S; Singer, Jeremiah

    2010-06-01

    Vehicle-based crash avoidance systems can potentially reduce crashes, but success depends on driver acceptance and understanding. This study gauged driver use, experience, and acceptance among early adopters of select technologies. Telephone interviews were conducted in early 2009 with 380 owners of Volvo vehicles equipped with forward collision warning with autobrake, lane departure warning, side-view assist, and/or active bi-xenon headlights and 485 owners of Infiniti vehicles with lane departure warning/prevention. Most owners kept systems turned on most of the time, especially forward collision warning with autobrake and side-view assist. The exception was lane departure prevention; many owners were unaware they had it, and the system must be activated each time the vehicle is started. Most owners reported being safer with the technologies and would want them again on their next vehicles. Perceived false or unnecessary warnings were fairly common, particularly with side-view assist. Some systems were annoying, especially lane departure warning. Many owners reported safer driving behaviors such as greater use of turn signals (lane departure warning), increased following distance (forward collision warning), and checking side mirrors more frequently (side-view assist), but some reported driving faster at night (active headlights). Despite some unnecessary or annoying warnings, most Volvo and Infiniti owners use crash avoidance systems most of the time. Among early adopters, the first requirement of effective warning systems (that owners use the technology) seems largely met. Systems requiring activation by drivers for each trip are used less often. Owner experience with the latest technologies from other automobile manufacturers should be studied, as well as for vehicles on which technologies are standard (versus optional) equipment. The effectiveness of technologies in preventing and mitigating crashes and injuries, and user acceptance of interfaces, should be

  9. 78 FR 4193 - Petition for Exemption From the Federal Motor Vehicle Motor Theft Prevention Standard; Volvo

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-18

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Petition for Exemption From the Federal Motor Vehicle Motor Theft Prevention Standard; Volvo AGENCY: National Highway Traffic... transponder is not identified, the CEM will not send an approved key signal to the IAU and the vehicle will be...

  10. 78 FR 76702 - Parts and Accessories Necessary for Safe Operation; Application for an Exemption From Volvo...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... from a truck. Therefore, we request the installation of the camera on the lower part of the windshield... [the] NHTSA Bus Safety plan as it already did for several other safety features. The camera must be...) the camera would be more in the field of view of the driver. Volvo/Prevost states that if the...

  11. Collaborative Research for Sustainable Learning: The Case of Developing Innovation Capabilities at Volvo Cars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borjesson, Sofia

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to make a contribution to the stream of literature on action research by describing a longitudinal collaborative research project which evolved out of a long-term, participation partnership with Volvo Cars. The collaboration was aimed at developing innovation capabilities in the company and accumulating knowledge on how…

  12. Learning to work with interdependencies effectively: the case of the HRM forum of the suppliers teams at Volvo Cars Gent

    OpenAIRE

    LAMBRECHTS, Frank; Taillieu, Tharsi; Sips, Koen

    2010-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to profile the way in which Volvo Cars Gent (VCG) Belgium and its suppliers succeed in managing their interdependencies on HRM issues through a shared HRM collaborative, called the Suppliers Team Volvo Cars HRM forum (STVC-HRM). Design/methodology/approach - A case study approach is used to develop understanding of the critical factors that contribute to the forum's success. Findings - It was found that the critical success factors concern the way STVC-HRM...

  13. Plano de marketing para a venda de camiões Volvo em Portugal – Auto Sueco, Lda.

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, José Nuno da Rocha

    2014-01-01

    O principal objetivo deste estudo foi o desenvolvimento de um plano de marketing para a venda de camiões Volvo em Portugal. O estudo pretende dotar a Auto Sueco Lda. de ferramentas que lhe permitam melhorar a performance no negócio da venda de camiões Volvo em Portugal. Nesse sentido, o plano começa por fazer uma caracterização detalhada da envolvente externa, bem como elaborar um diagnóstico da situação interna da empresa. Mediante esta análise, são enumerados os pontos que a empresa deve...

  14. Team development and team performance. Responsibilities, responsiveness and results : A longitudinal study of teamwork at Volvo Trucks Umeå

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuipers, B.

    2005-01-01

    A three-year longitudinal study of more than 150 self-managing work teams was carried out at Volvo Trucks Umea, Sweden. Data obtained by this study were used to test a model about the performance effects of team development, answering the following research questions: (1) how can the team

  15. 75 FR 76518 - Volvo Trucks North America and Mack Trucks, Inc., Receipt of Petition for Decision of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ... manufactured from March 1, 2007 through December 11, 2009. A total of 1,916 affected Volvo trucks were... trucks were manufactured from March 1, 2007, through December 11, 2009. A total 1,287 affected Mack... that their petition, to exempt them from providing recall notification of noncompliance as required by...

  16. PENGARUH PRODUCT PLACEMENT VOLVO DI DALAM FILM TWILIGHT SAGA: BREAKING DAWN PART 1 & PART 2 TERHADAP BRAND RECALL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghygha Yunus Widya Prasetya

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Movie scenes have become attractive means for many industries to present their products without enforced impression. Through careful designed product placement strategy, Twilight movie became the perfect promotional media for Volvo in promoting their products. Volvo is one of the premium automotive brands under the auspices of Indomobil. This well-known brand always put and positions their product merely for the target premium. Product placement is an example of a hybrid message or an attempt to influence audience at an affordable cost. Some benefits in advertising through product placement are a lot of audiences see the products so that the brand awareness and the products’ credibility would significantly increase. In conclusion, consumer’s behavior in recognizing and remembering a product might be affected by their vision, hearing, and admiration.

  17. Integrating ergonomics into production system development--the Volvo Powertrain case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, W Patrick; Ekman, Marianne; Winkel, Jørgen

    2009-05-01

    Understanding the barriers and assists to integrating ergonomics into production system design remains a research issue. An action research case study at Volvo Powertrain/Sweden was conducted. Researchers worked collaboratively with the firm in efforts to improve the company's ability to handle ergonomics in their daily work of improving and developing production systems. Researchers observed and reflected collectively on the change process using field notes and recordings to support their observations. Observed integration barriers included both individual level issues like life events, and organisational aspects such as communication barriers between groups or assignment of tasks to people not involved in decision-making. Observed assists included the 'political reflective navigation' (c.f. Broberg, O., Hermund, I., 2004. The OHS consultant as a 'political reflective navigator' in technological change processes. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 33 (4), 315-326) by the project owner to find new ways to overcome barriers and anchor ergonomics into the organisation. While special 'ergonomics' groups did not survive long, progress was observed in including ergonomics in regular design groups. A cross-functional workshop that fostered discussion across organisational boundaries helped shift focus from retrofitting systems to future production systems and improve engagement of engineering teams. Progress was marked by both success and setbacks and full integration appears to require more than 2 years time. It is concluded that support by senior managers should include succession planning for personnel that are key to the change effort.

  18. Gastric volvulus: A review of 38 cases Volvo gástrico: revisão de 38 casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Jacob

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Gastric volvulus is frequently an asymptomatic disease, and it is usually diagnosed during radiographic examination of the superior digestive tract. The acute form, however, can spawn serious and lethal clinical consequences. This disease is defined by the anomalous rotation of the stomach over itself, and it can be classified according to type, extension, direction, etiology, and clinical presentation. AIM: To review the records from 38 patients with gastric volvulus diagnosed in the Hospital das Clínicas of University of São Paulo between 1968 and 2001. METHODS: This is retrospective analysis of 38 patient records. It was collected from each patient: name, age of first symptom appearance, gender, main clinical findings and complementary exams, volvulus type, extension, direction, etiology, and clinical presentation, therapeutic procedures, type of surgery performed, eventual recurrence, and long-term evolution. RESULTS: It was observed that occurrences of gastric volvulus are mainly secondary (75.8%. For the majority of patients (n=33, surgery was chosen as the treatment option: chronic disease in 29 cases and acute in four. Conservative treatment was reserved only for patients with no clinical conditions to surgical treatment. Anterior gastropexy was associated to high recurrence rates. Suturing the low gastric curve to the hepatic capsule and the transverse colon to the left subphrenic space (Tanner´s operation seemed to be the technical treatment of choice for primary gastric volvulus. CONCLUSION: Treatment of gastric volvolus must be tailored according the etiology of the disease.RACIONAL: O volvo gástrico é frequentemente condição assintomática e diagnosticado em exame radiológico feito por outras causas. A forma aguda, no entanto, pode ter consequências graves e letais. Ele é definido como rotação anômala do estômago nele próprio e classificado de acordo com o tipo, extensão, direção, causa e apresenta

  19. Marital status and cardiovascular risk in French and Swedish automotive industry workers--cross sectional results from the Renault-Volvo Coeur study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumlin, L; Latscha, G; Orth-Gomér, K; Dimberg, L; Lanoiselée, C; Simon, A; Eriksson, B

    2001-04-01

    To compare the coronary risk profiles in a sample of the French and Swedish automotive industry employees who were married/cohabitant, divorced or single (never married). A cross-sectional study comparison from biological and questionnaire data between the French and Swedish samples. Occupational health departments at Renault (employees from the north-west of France) and Volvo (employees from the south-west of Sweden). Two random samples of males aged between 45 and 50 years were examined in 1993, from Renault 1000, and from Volvo 1000. Biological data including cholesterol, blood pressure as well as the Framingham risk index. Self reported information regarding marital status, smoking, exercise, alcohol habits, and work stress assessed by the Karasek method, private social support indices, and type A behaviour according to the Bortner scale. More employees were married/cohabitant and fewer divorced or single at Renault. Apart from waist/hip ratio being marginally lower in Swedish single men, compared with married and divorced, no significant difference in biological cardiac risk factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure or Framingham risk index) was seen between the subgroups from any of the two countries. Compared with married/cohabitant men, it was shown that in men living alone smoking was more prevalent at Renault and Volvo. These men also showed less type A behaviour, a lower work control and a lower work support and fewer close friends. Alcohol consumption was reported in smaller amounts for Volvo employees living alone compared with married or divorced employees. Married/cohabitant and divorced staff showed similar values regarding all measured variables when compared within each country. Employees living alone in both France (Renault) and Sweden (Volvo) automotive companies seem to have increased nontraditional cardiac risk factors pertaining to life style and social network compared with married or divorced men. These results, in combination with the

  20. Sea surface temperature (SST) and surface current data collected from the Mar Mostro during the around-the-world Volvo Ocean Race (VOR) from 2011-11-05 to 2012-07-12 (NCEI Accession 0130694)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Navigation, surface current, sea surface temperature, wind, and atmospheric pressure data collected by the Mar Mostro during the around-the-world Volvo Ocean Race...

  1. Síndrome de Chilaiditi associada a volvo de cólon sigmóide: relato de caso Chilaiditi's Syndrome with sigmoid colon volvulus: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Wilson Rocha Almeida

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Este estudo tem como objetivo relatar um caso de Síndrome de Chilaiditi associada a volvo de cólon sigmóide. RELATO DE CASO: Paciente masculino, branco, 51 anos, admitido no Pronto-Socorro de Pelotas queixando parada da eliminação de gases e fezes, dor abdominal difusa com distensão e inapetência, aceitando somente líquido. Tem diagnóstico de retardo mental e constipação intestinal crônica. Foi realizado Rx de abdome agudo, sendo evidenciada distensão difusa de cólon, e sinais sugestivos de volvo de sigmóide com imagem de cólon transverso entre o fígado e o diafragma. O paciente foi submetido a laparotomia exploradora, sendo constatado volvo de sigmóide, megacólon difuso e interposição do cólon transverso entre o fígado e o diafragma. Procedeu-se a colectomia subtotal, com colostomia terminal em cólon ascendente e fechamento do reto remanescente, recebendo alta no 9º dia. DISCUSSÃO: A interposição do cólon entre o fígado e a cúpula diafragmática (síndrome de Chilaiditi, associada a volvo de cólon sigmóide, constitui causa rara de abdome agudo obstrutivo, embora o volvo de sigmóide seja uma das principais causas de obstrução intestinal mecânica no Brasil. Geralmente o tratamento é clínico, porém se associado a complicações o tratamento é cirúrgico.INTRODUCTION: This study aims at reporting a case of Chilaiditi Syndrome associated to sigmoid colon volvulus. CASE REPORT: Male patient, white, 51 years old, arrives at an emergency hospital in Pelotas with complaints of stoping the elimination of gases, diffuse abdominal pain, increase of abdominal volume, gradual and progressive inappetence, accepting only liquid. He is diagnosed with mental retardation and a situation of intestinal constipation. An acute abdomen Rx highlighted a diffuse colon distension, suggestive of sigmoid volvulus with tranversum colon image between the liver and the diaphragm. The patient was submitted to exploratory

  2. Síndrome da dilatação volvo gástrica em cães Gastric volvulus dilatation syndrome in dogs

    OpenAIRE

    Sérgio Santalucia Ramos da Silva; Jorge Luiz Costa Castro; Verônica Souza Paiva Castro; Alceu Gaspar Raiser

    2012-01-01

    A síndrome da dilatação volvo gástrica (DVG) é uma condição grave, de caráter agudo, que confere alto índice de óbito em pequenos animais. A etiologia não está completamente estabelecida e, em contrapartida, diversas possibilidades de tratamento são descritas. A DVG causa grave redução na perfusão tecidual, afetando vários órgãos, incluindo os sistemas respiratório e cardiovascular. Este estudo tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão de literatura sobre a patogenia desta síndrome e seu tratame...

  3. Síndrome da dilatação volvo gástrica em cães Gastric volvulus dilatation syndrome in dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Santalucia Ramos da Silva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A síndrome da dilatação volvo gástrica (DVG é uma condição grave, de caráter agudo, que confere alto índice de óbito em pequenos animais. A etiologia não está completamente estabelecida e, em contrapartida, diversas possibilidades de tratamento são descritas. A DVG causa grave redução na perfusão tecidual, afetando vários órgãos, incluindo os sistemas respiratório e cardiovascular. Este estudo tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão de literatura sobre a patogenia desta síndrome e seu tratamento.The syndrome of gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV is a severe condition of acute character, which gives a high rate of death in small animals. The etiology is not fully established, however, several treatment options have been described. The DVG causes severe reduction in tissue perfusion, affecting many organs, including the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. This study aims to conduct a comprehensive literature review of the pathogenesis of this syndrome as well as its treatment.

  4. Volvo gástrico agudo perfurado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Martins

    Full Text Available The authors report a case of acute gastric volvulus in a 20-year-old male, complicated by perforation near the gastroesophageal junction and generalized peritonitis. This is an uncommon and potentially lethal conditon although our patient has been handled successfully with a partial gastrectomy.

  5. ISO sertifikaat kuulutab tootja mainet üle maailma / Ain Alvela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 12. apr. lk. 24-25. ISO standardi rakendamine tagab toodangu kvaliteedi ja annab firmale usaldusväärsuse. Kommenteerib Ain Noormägi. Vt. samas: ISO 9001; ISO 14 001; Universaalne standard kohandub ettevõtte vajadustega

  6. Lõuna-Eesti suurim kaminapuude tootja on Matrix-Puit AS / Raivo Sihver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sihver, Raivo

    2007-01-01

    Firma Matrix-Puit AS annab tööd 20-30 Räpina, Mooste ja Leevaku kandi inimesele, 2006. a. toodetud ligi 300 000 50- ja 60-liitristest kaminapuude kottidest läks enamus (üle 95%) Norrasse ja Soome

  7. Tootja vabanemine vastutusest puudusega tootest põhjustatud kahju korral / Margus Kingisepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kingisepp, Margus, 1969-

    2012-01-01

    Tootjat vastutusest vabastavate klauslite kohaldamise eeltingimustest ja nende kohaldamissfäärist Eesti kehtivas õiguses. Euroopa Liidu tootevastutuse direktiivist (85/374/EMÜ) ja Euroopa Kohtu praktikast

  8. Frank Welvaert : ravimite tootja mõju on probleem / Frank Welvaert ; interv. Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Welvaert, Frank

    2004-01-01

    Tervishoiufirma Johnson & Johnson direktor vastab küsimustele, mis on seotud Eesti meditsiinitöötajatele juhtimiskursuste korraldamisega. Eesti tervishoiusüsteemi kohta arvab ta, et tuleb haiglate arvu vähendada. Lisa: Kulutusi võiks suurendada

  9. Sõltuvus jaeketist paneb tootja nööri mööda käima / Kadri Bank ; kommenteerinud Maie Niit, Veiko Pak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2010-01-01

    Tootjad süüdistavad kaubanduskette lepingute sõlmimises, millest saavad kasu ainult jaeketid, tootjaid ähvardatakse eksimuste puhul suurte trahvidega. Jaeketid ei nõustu sellega ja põhjendavad tootjatele surve avaldamist omavahelise konkurentsiga. Intervjuu Eesti Tarbijateühistute Keskühistu juhiga

  10. Enriching Production: Perspectives on Volvo's Uddevalla plant as an alternative to lean production

    OpenAIRE

    Sandberg, Åke

    1995-01-01

    Enriching Production was first published by Avebury in 1995. The book was quickly sold out and is now made available again. Enriching Production was edited by professor Åke Sandberg, Arbetslivsinstitutet/ National Institute for Working Life and KTH The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm. Enriching Production was followed up by a symposium on the general theme of ‘Good work and productivity’. The papers were collected in a special issue of Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol. 19, ...

  11. Design or development? Beyond the LP-STS debate; inputs from a Volvo truck case

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuipers, BS; De Witte, MC; van der Zwaan, AH

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we will show that the debate between advocates of Lean production and the socio-technical approach has concentrated too much on the design aspect of the production structure, while neglecting the development aspect of teamwork. This paper addresses the question whether it is

  12. 75 FR 35515 - Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Standards: Granting of Exemption; Volvo Trucks North America

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-22

    ... Lundgren's driving under this exemption will maintain a level of safety equivalent to the level of safety... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No. FMCSA-2006... AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of final disposition...

  13. THE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT - A CASE STUDY OF TRANSPORTING VOLVO CARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria P. Gerilla

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The increase in the number of vehicles in our society is detrimental to the environment because of increased fuel usage and pollutant emissions. This paper analyze the environmental effects of transporting cars from its manufacturer to its end user. The method used is the life cycle assessment (LCA. Life cycle assessment is a method for analyzing and evaluating environmental performance of products, processes or services throughout its entire life cycle. The paper also shows the effect of changing the fuel type used in transporting the vehicles. It can be seen that from the pollutant emissions in the transport chain, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides are the leading pollutants, which affect the air quality in the environment. The truck is shown to be a heavy polluter in terms of its emission factors and there is not much difference between a European and an Asian country. With the use of the natural gas as an alternative fuel, emission levels can be reduced to as much as 19 % for CO2 and 16 % for NOx emissions while costs are higher in the first few years because of conversion costs, it can be said that it is worth the risk. The truck can be an environmentally adapted vehicle if its engine is converted to an alternative fuel engine like the compressed natural gas. The LCA methodology is holistic because it gives a systems analysis of the product

  14. 77 FR 21446 - Safety Zone; Volvo Ocean Racing Youth Regatta, Biscayne Bay, Miami, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    ... telephone at (305) 535-4472, or a designated representative via VHF radio on channel 16, to request... emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules... Government and Indian Tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal...

  15. Improving Supply Chain Performance through Lean and Green: A study at Volvo group in India and Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Rajuvadan Premkumar, Harishkumar; Vedapatti Ranganathan, Hariram

    2012-01-01

    In today’s world Lean and Green are becoming essential components of the supply chain. The thesis tries to contribute to a further understanding of the supply chain management, lean, green and their integration. The basic concepts and the research contributions of various authors are briefed in the theoretical framework made for a better understanding to the readers. Having gained the relevant theoretical knowledge, the interview questions are framed and case companies are analyzed for their ...

  16. 77 FR 20480 - Volvo Trucks North America and Mack Trucks, Inc., Grant of Petition for Decision of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... GU model trucks that were built with certain Meritor WABCO Vehicle Control Systems (Meritor WABCO... equipment requirements for motor vehicles equipped with air brake systems. Paragraph S5.3.4.1(a) of FMVSS No... vehicle's braking performance. The tests and analyses were performed by an independent test lab, Link...

  17. Behovsstudie för implementering av ett informationshanteringssystem i el-utvecklingen på Volvo Car Corporation

    OpenAIRE

    Malvius, Diana

    2007-01-01

    VSEM project and the need for a more efficient way of handling requirements and information are highly apparent. The overall objective of this thesis is divided into two parts: 1. To identify criteria/factors leading to a successful introduction of an information management system. 2. To develop an implementation process for a requirement management system – the first step towards a PLM system in EE development at VCC. This will be done through interviews with employees, a literature review a...

  18. Badania stanowiskowe instalacji HHO w układzie z silnikiem spalinowym Volvo Penta D5A T.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Dobrzaniecki,

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available W artykule przedstawiono wyniki badań układu, składającego się z generatora HHO współpracującego z silnikiem spalinowym, wyposażonym w górniczy układ dolotowo-wylotowy. Celem badań była identyfikacja parametrów użytkowych silnika, takich jak moc i moment obrotowy oraz określenie zawartości substancji szkodliwych w spalinach. Na podstawie wyników badań dokonano analizy wpływu generatora na pracę silnika spalinowego.

  19. Extended Collective Licenses and the Nordic Experience - It's a Hybrid but is it a VOLVO or a Lemon?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riis, Thomas; Schovsbo, Jens Hemmingsen

    An extended collective license is a legal model whereby the binding effect of a collective agreement between an organization of copyright holders and a user of copyrightable works is extended to right holders who are not members of the organization. Such models have been used for rights clearance...

  20. Extended Collective Licenses and the Nordic Experience - It’s a Hybrid but is It a Volvo or a Lemon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schovsbo, Jens Hemmingsen; Riis, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    An extended collective license is a legal model whereby the binding effect of a collective agreement between an organization of copyright holders and a user of copyrightable works is extended to right holders who are not members of the organization. Such models have been used for rights clearance...

  1. Kapital kapitalnogo stroitelstva / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2007-01-01

    Eesti suurima betoontoodete ja teraskonstruktsioonide tootja AS-i Narva Bark tegevus on suunatud tarbijate kasvava nõudluse rahuldamisele, pakkudes stabiilse kvaliteediga tooteid juba peaaegu 50 aastat

  2. Economic loss caused by GMOs in Estonia / Irene Kull, Villu Kõve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Irene, 1961-

    2008-01-01

    Lepinguvälisest vastutusest, tootja vastutusest, vastutusest suurema ohu allikaga tekitatud kahju eest, geneetiliselt muundatud organismidega tekitatud kahjust, varaline kahjust, mittevaraline kahjust

  3. Sakslastele kuuluv meditsiinitehas värbab uusi töötajaid / Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2007-01-01

    Saksa perekonnale kuuluv rahvusvahelise optiliste sondide ehk endoskoopide tootja Karl Stroz Video Endoscopy Tallinna ettevõte areneb jõudsalt ja kavatseb suurendada töötajate hulka sel aastal kolmandiku võrra

  4. Ericssoni juhi Svanbergi sõnul on firma praegu tugevam kui kunagi varem / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Mobiilsidevõrkude tootja Ericsson puhaskasum oli 2004. aastal 19 miljardit Rootsi krooni. Firma juhi Carl Henric Svanbergi sõnul kujunes 2004. aastast läbimurdeaasta tänu 3G tehnoloogia rakendamisele

  5. Sony andis hirmutava kasumihoiatuse / Romet Kreek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreek, Romet, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Maailma suuruselt teine tarbeelektroonika tootja Sony teatas, et selle aasta kasumiks tuleb 10 miljardit jeeni. Kasumihoiatus põhjustas Sony aktsia hinna kukkumise Tokyo börsil 3,6 protsenti, 3710 jeenile

  6. Nokia kindlustab tagalat / Kaja Koovit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koovit, Kaja, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    Maailma suurim mobiiltelefonide tootja Nokia on 3G edukuse tagamiseks valmis avaldama seni ülirangelt kaitstud tarkvarainfot ka teistele tootjatele, kuigi samm võib ohustada Nokia liidripositsiooni turul

  7. Konkureerivad mobiilitootjad vähendavad Nokia edumaad / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Autor analüüsib mobiiltelefonide tootjate esimese kvartali majandustulemuste alusel maailma suurima tootja Nokia positsiooni turul ning ettevõtte tulevikuväljavaateid. Tabel: Nokia kaotas kvartaliga kaks protsenti

  8. Vene riiklik pank noolib tublit tükki Saksa Opelis / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2009-01-01

    Kanada autoosade tootja Magna, Belgia päritolu investor RHI International ja Beijing Automotive Industries tahavad General Motorsilt osta enamusosalust Saksa autotootjas Opel. Magna, kelle pakkumises osaleb Venemaa riiklik Sberbank, soovib endale intellektuaalset omandit ja jaotusõigusi Venemaal

  9. Ukrainkam vporu estonskaja moda / Taras Burnos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Burnos, Taras

    2007-01-01

    Silvano Fashion Group tütarfirma PTA Ukraina loob Ukrainas kaubandusketi PTA&Oblicie, kuhu kuuluvad kauplused, mis pakuvad Läti pesufirma Lauma, Valgevene pesufirma Milavitsa ja Eesti naisterõivaste tootja PTA Grupp toodangut

  10. EDRA galeriis SooSoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Itaalia disainmööbli tootja EDRA tooted on alates 2007. a. detsembrist esindatud galeriis SooSoo. Massimo Morozzi juhtimisel valmivates kollektsioonides on ühendatud moodsad tehnoloogiad ja traditsiooniline käsitöö

  11. Tool John / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    2005-01-01

    Autor Toivo Raidmets. Tootja: OÜ Toivo. Tool pälvis Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2004. a. aastapreemiate konkursil vormipreemia. Toivo Raidmetsast, tema tähtsamad tööd. Ill.: arhitekti portreefoto, kaks tooli vaadet

  12. Kõlar Hi-Waf / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    2005-01-01

    Disain: Galina Burnakova. Tootja: AS Sarkop. Kõlar Hi-Waf tehti Brüsselis galeriis Creneau International toimuvale näitusele viimiseks. Galina Burnakovast, tema erialasest tegevusest. Ill.: kõlari vaade, foto sisearhtektist

  13. Diplomats defend Snaige in duty row

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Leedu soovib, et Ukraina tühistaks uued tollimaksud Euroopa Liidus valmistatud kodukaupadele. Leedu kodumasinate tootja Snaige kavatseb hakata eksportima oma tooteid just Ukrainasse ja suurendada müüki Venemaale ja Valgevenesse

  14. Ehitusmaterjalitootja laieneb eksporti silmas pidades / Kaisa Tahlfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tahlfeld, Kaisa

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 12. dets. lk. 4. Ehitusmaterjalide tootja Krimelte pani nurgakivi tehasele Tallinnas Peterburi maanteel. Diagramm: Majandusnäitajad. Kommenteerib Madis Sagar. Lisa: Krimelte

  15. Adidas ja Nike - nina vastu nina / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Spordikaupade tootja Adidas ostab Reeboki 3 miljardi euro eest. Adidase ja Reeboki ühinemisse suhtub skeptiliselt Puma, selle tegevjuht Jochen Zeitz lükkab tagasi kuuldused Nike'i ja Puma võimaliku ühinemise kohta

  16. Kiibitootja AMD on võitmas turuosa suure rivaali Inteli käest / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Arvutiprotsessorite tootja Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) näitas oma lõppenud kvartalis teenitud kasumiga, et hakkab konkurent Intelile järgi jõudma. Diagramm: Aktsia hind. Kommenteerib Peeter Teder

  17. DVD. Aare Ermel tutvustab : "Rome : The Complete First Season" / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2006-01-01

    6 DVD-na on saadaval 12-osaline ajalooline kostüümidraama - seriaal Rooma impeeriumi ajast "Rooma" ("Rome"), mille tootsid aastail 2005-2006 Ameerika tootja Home Box Office (HBO) ja inglaste BBC. Levitab Home Box Office, Inc

  18. Imevaip kui majanduse šanss / Sulev Oll ; kommenteerinud Ants Reinumägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oll, Sulev, 1964-

    2010-01-01

    Ekspordiks tootvad Eesti ettevõtted on uuel tõuslainel - teenivad kasumit ja värbavad uusi töötajaid. Vaibatootja Narma LV, metallkonstruktsioonide valmistaja OÜ Contractor, elektrimootorite komponentide tootja AS Kolmeks

  19. Paranoiline ellujääja / Vello Rääk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rääk, Vello

    2004-01-01

    Ungari emigrandist USA juhtimisguruks tõusnud Andras Grofi alias Andrew S. Grove'i elust ja karjäärist, juhtimispõhimõtteist ning olulisematest saavutustest maailma suurima mikroprotsessorite tootja Intel eesotsas. Vt. samas: Intelis tormilised ajad

  20. Nokial närvilised kvartalid / Tõnis Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Tõnis, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Mobiiltelefonide tootja Nokia avaldatavad majandustulemused on oluliseks indikaatoriks, kui palju on globaalne finantskriis vähendanud tarbimist ning kuidas kujuneb edasine müük. Diagramm: Nokia aktsia hind

  1. Logitech tutvustas juubelitooteid / Kuldar Kullasepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kullasepp, Kuldar, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 25. sept., lk. 14. Arvutite lisaseadmete tootja tõi turule kaks uut arvutihiirt: MX Revolution ja VX Revolution. Esimene neist on mõeldud laua-, teine sülearvutite kasutajatele

  2. Applied Materials taas investorite huviorbiidis / Erlend Zirk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirk, Erlend

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 29. nov. lk. 33. Protsessorite tootmisseadmete tootja Applied Materials on pärast 2000. aasta börsikrahhi taas investorite huviorbiiti jõudmas. Diagramm: Applied Materialsi aktsia

  3. Lenna Kuurmaa üllatas / Ode Alt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alt, Ode

    2008-01-01

    Rainer Sarneti noortefilm "Kuhu põgenevad hinged?", stsenaariumi aluseks on Aidi Valliku romaanid Annist, kaasstsenarist Peeter Sauter, osades Ragne Veensalu, Lenna Kuurmaa jt. Filmi tootja Exitfilm. Loo autor on Tartu Descartes'i Lütseumi 12. klassi õpilane

  4. Volvo ja Ikea endine tegevjuht Göran Carstedt : Tänapäevane (personali)juhtimine peab sisaldama eeskätt looduslähedast mõtteviisi / Göran Carstedt ; interv. Tiina Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Carstedt, Göran

    2008-01-01

    Juhtimiskonsultant ning Organisatsioonilise Õppimise Ühingu eestvedaja ja arendaja Göran Carsedt vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad ettevõtte tegevust personali tööle pühendumise parendamiseks, ettevõtte jätkusuutlikku juhtimist ja tootlikkust, majanduslanguse mõju ettevõtete personalipoliitikale, talendijuhtimist, väikeste ettevõttete ellujäämist majanduslanguse ajal, IKEA kui hea tööandja mainet ning jätkusuutlikku personaliarendajat. Lisa: Jätkusuutlik juhtimine Rootsi moodi

  5. Not simply a pipe dream : new concept in pipelaying is helping to build one of Europe's major gas pipelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2010-07-15

    This article discussed Volvo Construction Equipment's new concept in pipelaying machinery and its use in building the Bunde-Etzel pipeline. The Volvo PL4611 can lower a 1-kilometre-long pipe at once using 10 Volvo pipelayers at the same time. Lowering and laying is the sole purpose of the Volvo machines, and they are accompanied by 10 Volvo EC290BNLC crawler excavators. The Volvo pipelayers differ from conventional side-boom track-type tractor pipelayers in that the boom can turn 360 degrees, providing greater flexibility, precision, and control for placing pipe. The PL4611 is based on the EC460C standard excavator hydraulic design, so it can be disassembled easily and transported quickly. By switching the boom for digging equipment, the PL4611 can be changed into an excavator. The boom is longer than a standard pipelayer, allowing the machine to sit back from the trench, lessening the risk of tipping. The boom is mounted inside the track frame, near the machine's central line, providing it with a higher lift capacity and greater stability. The standard fully enclosed Volvo Care Cab provides the operator with excellent visibility. The boom is asymmetrical, allowing the pipe to be seen at all times for placing loads safely and precisely. A standard Load Management System enables the operator to determine what can be lifted safely. The pipelayer also meets the highest emission standards. 3 figs.

  6. SUPERALLOYS: AN INTRODUCTION WITH THERMAL ANALYSIS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-09-01

    Sep 1, 2015 ... In space vehicles: aerodynamically heated skins and rocket engine parts are made from ... chemistry but also to the primary melting, forming and casting techniques. .... (former Volvo Aero Corporation) in Trollhättan, Sweden.

  7. Renault proovib osta Rootsi autotööstuse uhkusi Volvot või Saabi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Renault on alustanud läbirääkimisi Fordiga, et osta üles Fordile kuuluva Volvo aktsiate kontrollpakk. Varuvariandiks on General Motorsilt Saabi kaubamärgi omandamine. General Motorsi majandusseisust

  8. Viktor Siilats : pole tähtis, millega tegeled, vaid kellega koos tegeled / Mart Raudsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsaar, Mart, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Auto-, video- ja kaatriärimees, Info Ettevõtete Grupi juhi Viktor Siilatsi karjäärist, partnerlusest Rootsi ajakirjaniku Andres Küngiga ning koostööst Volvo Cars Intercontinentaliga. Lisa: Viktor Siilatsi CV

  9. Tallinn eelistab osta treppidega liinibusse / Anneli Aasmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aasmäe, Anneli, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Riigihanke komisjon eelistas firmat Volvo Bus Corporation, kes pakub viit madala ja 15 kõrge esiosaga bussi. Samas jäi vaid madala esiosaga busse lubanud Scania CV AB konkursil kaotajaks. Tallinna abilinnapea Toomas Vitsuti selgitus

  10. Uurimiskomisjoni versiooni võit seiskaks 600 kopteri lennud / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Helikopteri tootja Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation ei ole nõus Copterline'i lennuõnnetuse uurimiskomisjoni versiooniga. Uurimiskomisjoni versiooni tõestamine võib tähendada kopteritootjale ligi 600 kopteri ümberehitust. Vt. samas: Kopteritehas üritab enda jaoks aega võita; Copterline sai hüvitiseks ligi 86 miljonit krooni

  11. Ärge eelistage kodumaist! / Stefan Andersson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Andersson, Stefan

    2010-01-01

    Autor arvab, et tarbija ülesanne on vaadata ka toote hinda ja kvaliteeti, mitte lihtsalt tootja geograafilist asukohta. Nii saame tarbijatena selliseid tootjaid, keda väärime, hind ja kvaliteet paraneb, majanduse efektiivsus kasvab. Riigi ülesanne on tagada õiglane konkurents ja reguleerida turgu

  12. Lääne- ja Ida-Virumaal satub löögi alla tuhatkond töökohta / Raivo Raigna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raigna, Raivo

    2009-01-01

    Puidu põletamine elektrijaamades on tõstnud ümarpuidu hinda Virumaal kuni 40%, selline kunstlik ja järsk toorme hinnatõus hävitab kahe Virumaa suurtööandja, puitlaastplaatide tootja Repo Vabrikud ja puitmassitehase Estonian Cell konkurentsivõime rahvusvahelistel turgudel ning võib viia sadade töökohtade kaotuseni

  13. Coca-Cola : kasumi languses on süüdi Põhja-Euroopa kehv ilm / Raivo Sormunen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sormunen, Raivo, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 29. sept. lk. 6. Karastusjookide tootja Coca-Cola andis kasumihoiatuse. Ettevõtte majandustulemuste languse põhjustest. Diagramm: Coca-Cola aktsia aasta madalaimal tasemel. Vt. samas: Annika Matson. Coca-Cola jooksev kvartal Eestis saladus

  14. God ot goda populjarneje / Aadu Kana

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kana, Aadu

    2005-01-01

    Parima betoonehitise konkursist. Aasta betoonehitis 2004 - Ülemiste hotell, arhitekt Martin Aunin, projekteerija AS EA Reng, konstruktsioonid: IB Pike, ehitaja AS FKSM, betoon: AS HC Betoon. Eeriauhinnad: Rakvere spordihalli ja Veskimöldre lasteaia betoonelementide tootja E-Betoonelement, IB Pike ja Tiit Masso City Plaza konstruktsioonide eest, Kakumäel asuva eramu tellija ja sisekujundaja Raina Lillepõld

  15. A Man as a Book on Management / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2004-01-01

    Ehitusmaterjalide tootja Maxit Estonia - konkurentsivõimelisim keskmiste tööstus- ja energeetikaettevõtete hulgas, selle tegevjuht Viktor Valkiainen. Tabel: Keskmised tööstus- ja energeetikaettevõtted. Lisa: Maxit Estonia (Optiroc) 2003. Vt. samas: Nimi Optiroc kadus ajalukku

  16. Tallinna kerkib laserplaaditehas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Laserplaatide tootja Baltic Disc AS alustas Tallinnas CD- ja DVD-tehase ehitustöid. ASist Helisalv välja kasvanud Baltic Disc AS asutati möödunud aastal, tuleval aastal planeeritakse Tallinnas toota kuni 8 miljonit CDd ja DVDd

  17. Nokia ampsas tagasi suure osa kaotatud turuosast / Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matson, Annika, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Turu-uuringutefirma Gartner andmetel võitis mobiiltelefonide tootja Nokia turuosa tagasi juba kolmandat kvartalit järjest, kuid jääb ikkagi alla 2003. aasta neljandale kvartalile. Diagrammid: Nokia turuosa taas kosumas; Analüütikud soovitavad Nokia aktsiat enim osta

  18. Nokia lõi tulemustega pahviks / Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matson, Annika, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 2. veebr. lk. 29. Mobiiltelefonide tootja Nokia neljanda kvartali käive ja kasum tõukasid aktsia tõusule ning võideti tagasi ka turuosa. Diagramm: Aasta tagusele tasemele Nokia aktsial veel pikk tee

  19. Playtech kasvatas Kivisikust miljardäri / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Investeerimine internetikasiinode tarkvara tootja Playtech aktsiatesse, on tõstnud Rain Kivisiku Eesti paarikümne jõukaima ettevõtja hulka. Graafik: Playtech liigub Tallinna börsiga vastuvoolu. Diagramm: Playtechi käive on jõudsalt kasvanud. Vt. samas: Internetimängurlus on väärt investeering. Kommenteerivad Joel Kukemelk ja Allan Martinson

  20. Uue "Shreki" hääled ikka veel leidmata / Helen Teesalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teesalu, Helen

    2007-01-01

    Janno Põldmal seisab ees ameerika animafilmi "Shrek 3" dubleerimine eesti keelde. Eesti esilinastus peaks olema 8. juunil. Näitlejate häälte osadesse valimisele tootja DreamWorks Animation poolt esitatud nõuetest. Lisatud nimekiri : tegelaste hääli esitavad näitlejad originaalversioonis ja oletatavalt eestikeelses versioonis

  1. Holokaust Steven Spielbergi pilgu läbi / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2000-01-01

    Oscari võitnud dokumentaalfilm "Need viimased päevad" ("The Last Days") : režissöör James Moll : Tootja Steven Spielbergi loodud Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1999. Filmi esitlusest Eesti Vabariigi Välisministeeriumis

  2. Norra Orkla otsib teed Idaturule / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Ülevaade Norra börsiettevõtte Orkla tegevusest toiduainetööstuses ja meedia valdkonnas, välisinvesteeringutest Baltimaade ettevõtetesse ning eesmärkidest laieneda Ida-Euroopa turgudele Põhjamaade suurima kartulikrõpsude tootja Chips OY 79,6% aktsiate ostmise kaudu. Lisad: Orkla ostab tuntud krõpsuvalmistaja

  3. Kõlaritootja hoiab omaette / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 16. veebr. lk. 12. Kvaliteetkõlarite tootja Audes LLC OÜ börsileminekule ei mõtle. Diagramm: Audese käive nelja aastaga kahekordistunud. Kommenteerib Tõnis Oja. Vt. samas: Tanel Kompus. Audese kvaliteet on aastaga tõusnud

  4. Kuidas Procter & Gamble kasvas suureks / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres

    2004-01-01

    Maailma suurima esmatarbekaupade tootja Procter & Gamble arengust, kasvustrateegiast ja uue juhi Alan G. Lafley eesmärkidest ning tegevusest ettevõtte eesotsas. Vt. samas: Peakorter Läti asemel Eestisse?; Coca-Cola ja P&G ühisettevõte; Procter & Gamble tööstusspionaazhi kahtluse küüsis

  5. Eesti-Rootsi koostöös valmib kallis dokfilm Kuubal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Režissöör Michel Miglis, kes on ka bändide mänedžer, filmib Kuubas dokfilmi "Cubaton". Film räägib Kuubas levinud muusikast reggaeton. Eestipoolne tootja on Film Tower, produtsent Margus Õunapuu

  6. Adidas suutis tulemustega üllatada / Virge Lahe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahe, Virge

    2007-01-01

    Spordiriiete ja -tarvete tootja Adidase kasum oli teises kvartalis 104 mln eurot, mis on 27 protsenti enam kui mullu samal perioodil. Ettevõtte hinnangul tuli kasumikasv liitumisest Reebokiga. Diagramm: Adidase aktsia on viimasel ajal kõikunud 45 euro ümber

  7. BBC ja HBO taaselustasid Rooma viletsuse ja hiilguse / Brigitta Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Brigitta, 1983-

    2005-01-01

    12-osaline ajalooline kostüümidraama - seriaali Rooma impeeriumi ajast "Rooma" tootsid Ameerika tootja Home Box Office (HBO) ja inglaste BBC. Esimest osa "Varastatud kotkas" näitas HBO 28. augustil. Kolme esimese osa režissöör on Michael Apted, stsenaariumi eest vastutab Bruno Heller

  8. Iga hetk peab teadma, mis ettevõttes toimub / Imbi Ernits-Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ernits-Kaljuste, Imbi, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Tulemusjuhtimise juurutamisest maailma juhtivas bio-innovatsiooniga tegelevas tootmisettevõttes Novozymes. Skeem: Maailma juhtiva ensüümide tootja Novozymesi kvaliteedisüsteem jälgib pidevalt üheksat näidikut. Lisa: Novozymesi tulemusjuhtimissüsteem. Vt. samas: Kaur Kivirähk. Kvaliteedisüsteemid tolmuvad riiulil

  9. AMD ja ATI kolivad kokku / Kalle Kose

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kose, Kalle

    2006-01-01

    Maailma suuruselt teise personaalarvutite protsessorite valmistaja Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) liitumisest graafikakaartide tootja ATI Technologies'iga (ATI). Vt. ka: 5 küsimust AMD-le. Küsimustele vastab AMD regiooni esindaja Stockholmis Martin Sjögren

  10. "Koer, lennuk ja laulupidu" Locarno festivalile / A. O.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    A. O.

    2006-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Sloveenia koostööfilm "Koer, lennuk ja laulupidu" ("Kilnieks/The Hostage") : režissöör Laila Pakalnina : eestipoolsed ostäitjad Kaljo Kiisk, Enn Rekkor : operaator ja üks produtsentidest Arko Okk : Eesti-poolne tootja Acuba Film. Film valiti Locarno festivali võistlusprogrammi

  11. Täna esilinastub Laila Pakalnina mängufilm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Sloveenia koostööfilm "Koer, lennuk ja laulupidu" ("Kilnieks/The Hostage") : režissöör Laila Pakalnina : operaator ja üks produtsentidest Arko Okk : Eesti-poolne tootja Acuba Film. Esilinastus Tallinna kobarkinos

  12. Meelelahutuslik pantvangidraama ja muud jamad / Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Merit

    2006-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Sloveenia koostööfilm "Koer, lennuk ja laulupidu" ("Kilnieks/The Hostage") : režissöör Laila Pakalnina : operaator ja üks produtsentidest Arko Okk : Eesti-poolne tootja Acuba Film. Tallinna kobarkinos alates 15. septembrist

  13. Kuidas Canon suureks kasvas / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres

    2004-01-01

    Jaapani kaamerate ja büroomasinate tootja Canon Groupi arengust, tegevusest kolmes regioonis - USA-s, Euroopas ja Aasias ning ettevõtte pikaajalise edu põhjustest - ärifilosoofiast ning ajastatud tootearendusest. Vt. samas: Firma esialgne nimi oli Kwanon; Konkurendid koonduvad

  14. Columbia TriStar omandas "Nimed marmortahvlil" leviõigused / Kairit Tsäro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tsäro, Kairit, 1974-

    2002-01-01

    Lõppes Albert Kivikase romaani "Nimed marmortahvlil" järgi tehtava mängufilmi võtteperiood. Filmi tootja Taska Productionsi koostööpartner Matila-Röhr Productions sõlmis Columbia TriStariga lepingu, mis tagab filmi levitamise Soomes

  15. Jalax valmistab Eestis Tunturile trenazhööre / Signe Kalberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalberg, Signe, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Metalliettevõte Jalax ning jalgrataste ja trenazhööride tootja Accell Group loovad ühisettevõtte, mille rajatavas tehases Paide lähedal hakatakse kokku panema trenazhööre. Lisa: Toodab ka Stiga kelke

  16. Hiiglaslike antennide sünnimaa Eesti / Kristjan Otsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otsmann, Kristjan, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Satelliitsideantennide ja tööstusseadmete tootja Vertex Estonia AS võitis Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse konkursi Ettevõtluse Auhind 2006 ning selle raames ka Innovaatori auhinna. Tabelid: Ettevõtluse Auhind 2006 nominendid; Innovaator 2006 nominendid ja nende lühitutvustus

  17. Eestlased rahastavad Venemaa arvutimänguäri / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2008-01-01

    Allan Martinsonile ja Joakim Heleniusele kuuluv riskikapitalifond MartinsonTrigon investeeris koos partneritega Venemaa suurimasse arvutimängude tootja- ja levifirmasse Novõi Disk 200 miljonit krooni, Skype'i endine juhtinsener Toivo Annus paigutas kaks miljonit dollarit Singapuri tarkvarafirmasse Garena

  18. Soome otsib Nokiat / Hans Lõugas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõugas, Hans

    2010-01-01

    Autor leiab, et Nokia probleemiks on tema kaubamärk. Kaubamärk - idee Nokia taga - on põhjus, miks Nokiat ei peeta lipulaevaks. Nokia peab endalt küsima, kuidas oma kaubamärki tugevdada. Korea tootja LG õppetunnist

  19. Norma tulemuste taga on eksport Venemaale / Virge Lahe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahe, Virge

    2008-01-01

    Autode turvavarustuse tootja AS-i Norma teise kvartali puhaskasum oli 25,4 miljonit krooni, mis on kaks korda enam kui 2007. aasta teises kvartalis, edaspidi võib kasumit survestada terasehinna tõus. Diagramm: Norma kasum on kasvanud

  20. E-Profiil täitis unikaalse lepingu / Erki Freiberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Freiberg, Erki

    2005-01-01

    Maailma suurima naftapuurimisseadmete tootja National Oilwell Varco Inc naftamahutite tellimus Eesti ettevõttele E-Profiil suurendas firma käivet tunduvalt ning eelmise aasta kahjum võib pöörduda kasumiks. Diagramm: Eelmise aasta kahjum võib pöörduda kasumiks. Vt. samas: Dvigateli aktsiate müük on toonud uue salapärase omaniku; Dvigatelist on saanud valdusfirma. Diagramm: Salapärasel Dvigateli aktsiate ostjal 14,8% osalus

  1. Non Grata Pärnus ja Mehhikos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    3. nov.-st Pärnu Muuseumi Aidas nongratalaste viimase aja loomingu näitus "Non Grata esitleb". 13.-23. X osales Academia Non Grata Mexico Citys rahvusvahelisel performance'ifestivalil "Octava Muestra International de Performance", teemaks "Utoopia". Esitleti videoprogrammi utoopiateemalistest performance'itest ja liveina Jan Bergi performance'it "Maailma tootja". 20. X avas Jan Berg Venustiano Carranza alternatiivgaleriis isiknäituse "Musta ja valge positsioonid".

  2. Teenistuspüstolid valikusõelal / Ants Kalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalev, Ants

    2004-01-01

    15.-16. juunil 2004 korraldatud Maksu- ja Tolliameti töötajate uute teenistusrelvade valikukonkursile esitatud püstolimudelite Walter'i P99, Sig Sauer'i Sig PRO SP 2022 ja Heckler'i ja Koch'i P 2000 näitajate kirjeldused. Valiku tegemisel Walter'i P 99 kasuks sai määravaks tootja pakutav hind ja relvastusspetsialistide arvamus

  3. Parima betoonehitise konkurss aasta-aastalt populaarsem / Aadu Kana

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kana, Aadu

    2005-01-01

    Aasta betoonehitis 2004 - Ülemiste hotell, arhitekt Martin Aunin, projekteerija AS EA Reng, konstruktsioonid: IB Pike, ehitaja AS FKSM, betoon: AS HC Betoon. Eeriauhinnad: Rakvere spordihalli ja Veskimöldre lasteaia betoonelementide tootja E-Betoonelement, IB Pike ja Tiit Masso City Plaza konstruktsioonide eest, Kakumäel asuva eramu tellija ja sisekujundaja Raina Lillepõld huvitava lähenemise eest

  4. Eesti sai Arsenalsilt neli auhinda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Riia filmifestivalil Arsenals tunnistati parimaks Balti filmiks ja võitis filmiajakirjanike ühingu FIPRESCI auhinna Katrin Lauri "Surnuaiavahi tütar". Balti võistlusprogrammi parimaks dokumentaalfilmiks tunnistati Jurõ Haštšavatski film "Lobotoomia" (tootja Baltic Film Production). Ülo Pikkovi animafilm "Keha mälu" pälvis Balti võistlusprogrammi eripreemia

  5. Eesti filmidele Lätist neli auhinda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Riia filmifestivalil Arsenals tunnistati parimaks Balti filmiks ja võitis filmiajakirjanike ühingu FIPRESCI auhinna Katrin Lauri "Surnuaiavahi tütar". Balti võistlusprogrammi parimaks dokumentaalfilmiks tunnistati Jurõ Haštšavatski film "Lobotoomia" (tootja Baltic Film Production). Ülo Pikkovi animafilm "Keha mälu" pälvis Balti võistlusprogrammi eripreemia

  6. Fuel consumption and exhaust emissions of urban buses. Performance of newest diesel technology; Kaupunkibussien polttoaineenkulutus ja pakokaasupaeaestoet. Uusimman dieseltekniikan suorituskyky

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nylund, N.O.; Erkkilae, K.; Hartikka, T.

    2007-03-15

    The research was carried out by the Finnish Public Transport Association. Altogether seven vehicles were measured, two two-axle Euro 3 -class vehicles as references (Scania and Volvo), three new Euro 4 -class vehicles (Mercedes-Benz, Scania and Volvo) and two new three-axle vehicles (Euro 4 Scania and Euro 5 Volvo). The measurements were carried out on a chassis dynamometer, using three cycles describing actual driving. In addition to fuel consumption, exhaust emissions were also recorded for these vehicles. The differences in fuel consumption and operating expenses were after all smaller than first anticipated. When it comes to the Euro 3 -class reference vehicles, Volvo consumes 7.10% more fuel than Scania. For new two-axle vehicles the difference in fuel consumption, when simulating urban driving, is only 3.4%. Due to different technical solutions, the results were anticipated to be greater. In suburban driving although, the difference is at its most 11%. The Volvo Euro 4 -bus has in average the lowest fuel consumption. Looking at the three-axle vehicles, Scania consumes 3.5% less fuel than does Volvo. The measurements do not give an unambiguous answer to whether the EGR- or SCR technology is preferable regarding fuel consumption. The contemplation is hindered by two factors. On one hand, the order of superiority depends on the driving cycle, on the other, the actual exhaust emissions do not match with expectations. Scania's Euro 4 -engines produce higher NO{sub x}-emissions than its Euro 3 -engine. The fuel efficient Volvo Euro 4 -engine is not truly Euro 4 -class what comes to NO{sub x}-emissions. The Mercedes- Benz Euro 4- and Volvo Euro 5 -engines produce NO{sub x}-emissions genuinely matching their classes. Both fuel consumption and exhaust emissions have been observed in the study. In case exhaust emissions were completely disregarded, fleet decisions might be directed towards fuel efficient vehicles which after all do not reach the level of emission

  7. Visualization of Environmental Waste by Manufacturing : Equip VSM with Green Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Juebin; Lu, Shan

    2011-01-01

    This thesis is a subtask of the research project “Green Production System”, which is jointly launched and run by Volvo/Volvo Technology, Haldex, Saab and All-Emballage J.E. AB as industrial party, and Mälardalen University as academic party. The whole project is dedicated to develop “green production system” to be a competitive mean to Swedish automotive and manufacturing industry through four work packages, which are “Wet preconditions and frames of a green production system”, “Visualization...

  8. Tippude tipud / Robert Koistinen, Aimo Niemi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koistinen, Robert

    2013-01-01

    TM testib sportautosid: Aston Martin Vantage Special Edition, Audi RS4, Audi RS6, Audi R8 V10 FSI Plus, Bentley Continental GT V8, BMW M135i, BMW M6 Gran Coupé, Ford Fiesta ST, Ford Focus ST, Jaguar F-type V8, Kia ProCeed GT, Lamborghini Aventador, Lotus Exige S, Lotus Evora S, Mini JCW GP, Nissan Juke Nismo, Nissan GT-R 2013, Opel Astra OPC, Peugeot 208 GTI, Porsche Cayman S, Porsche 911, Carrera 4S, Volkswagen Golf GTI Performance, Volvo V40 T5, Volvo S60 T6 AWD

  9. The Big Bang machine

    CERN Multimedia

    Cox, Brian

    2009-01-01

    "At Cern in Geneva, 10'000 scientists form all over the world have gathered to discover the secrets of the universe. We drove there in a new Volvo C30 to watch the preparations for the second switch on" (12 pages)

  10. Towards industry strength mapping of AUTOSAR automotive functionality on multicore architectures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Avasalcai, Cosmin Florin; Budhrani, Dhanesh; Pop, Paul

    2017-01-01

    The automotive electronic architectures have moved from federated architectures, where one function is implemented in one ECU (Electronic Control Unit), to distributed architectures, consisting of several multicore ECUs. In addition, multicore ECUs are being adopted because of better performance,...... engineer in the mapping task. We have successfully evaluated AUTOMAP on several realistic use cases from Volvo Trucks....

  11. Designing visual recognition for the brand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karjalainen, T.M.; Snelders, H.M.J.J.

    2010-01-01

    The present paper examines how companies strategically employ design to create visual recognition of their brands' core values. To address this question, an explorative in-depth case study was carried out concerning the strategic design efforts of two companies: Nokia (mobile phones) and Volvo

  12. Kodanlikud "kaubikud" / Aimo Niemi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niemi, Aimo

    2013-01-01

    TM võrdleb premium-klassi väiksemaid universaale: Audi A4 Avant 2,0 TDI Quattro Stronic ; BMW 320d A Touring ; Citroën DS5 HDi 163 So Chic AT ; Mercedes-Benz C 250 CDI Blue Efficiency 4Matic T ; Volvo V60 D4 A R-Design

  13. Commonised diesel and gasoline catalyst architecture; Standardisierte Katalysatorarchitektur fuer Diesel- und Ottomotoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laurell, Mats; Sjoers, Johan; Wernlund, Bjoern [Volvo Car Corporation, Goeteborg (Sweden); Brueck, Rolf [Emitec Gesellschaft fuer Emissionstechnologie mbH, Lohmar (Germany). Forschung, Entwicklung und Applikation

    2013-11-01

    Volvo Cars has developed a standardised catalytic converter architecture for diesel and gasoline engines - the scalable so-called Compact Cat. The system covers both Euro 6 and SULEV applications for gasoline engines as well as Euro 6 applications for diesel engines. The standardised design using shared parts results in a considerable reduction in unit costs and tooling requirements. (orig.)

  14. What happens to R&D in domestic multinationals after foreign acquisition?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bandick, Roger; Görg, Holger; Karpaty, Patrik

    2011-01-01

    With foreign ownership of domestic companies becoming increasingly common, questions are mounting as to the consequences. One area of concern is the effect on research and development. This column presents new evidence from Sweden, where flagship firms such as Volvo and Saab are now foreign owned...

  15. Intelligent manufacturing through participation : a participative simulation environment for integral manufacturing enterprise renewal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijnatten, F.M. van

    2002-01-01

    This book deals with a 'Participative Simulation environment for Intelligent Manufacturing' (PSIM). PSIM is a software environment for use in assembly operations and it is developed and pilot-demonstrated in five companies: Volvo (Sweden), Finland Post, Fiat (Italy), Yamatake (Japan), Ford (USA).

  16. New Technology and Human Resource Development in the Automobile Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

    This document contains five case studies of plants within large enterprises in the automobile industry (Ford, Toyota, Volkswagen, Renault, and Volvo), plus reports of each company's views on human resource development, new technology, and changes in work organization and skill formation. The document is composed of five narrative sections,…

  17. Moodsad ja võimekad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    TM võrdleb: nelikveolised universaalid: Audi A4 Allroad 2,0 TDI Quattro S tronic, Opel Insignia Country Tourer 2,0 CDTI BiTurbo 4×4 A, Peugeot 508 RXH HYbrid4, Subaru Outback 2,0 D Lineartronic, Volkswagen Passat Alltrack 2,0 TDI 4Motion DSG, Volvo XC70 D4 Momentum AWD

  18. Trusted Truck(R) II (phase A).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    The Trusted Truck Program was initiated in 2003 as a joint effort by NTRCI, Volvo and UT. The vision of the Trusted Truck program is to develop a secure and "trusted" transport solution from pickup to delivery. The program's objective is to incre...

  19. Tendentsid sisearhitektuuris : Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemiad 2004 / Maris Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kerge, Maris

    2005-01-01

    ESL aastapreemid 2004: kodu interjöör - villa Miidurannas, Katrin ja Argo Vaikla, Tiina Teng, Vaikla Disain, projekti juhtimine: Ahti Väin; ühiskondlik interjöör - SPA Hotell Georg Ots Kuressaares, Liisi Murula, Raili Paling, KOKO Arhitektid; ajalooline interjöör - Tartu Mänguasjamuuseum, Tea Tammelaan, Krista Lepland, Malle Jürgenson, Laika, Belka & Strelka; vormipreemia seeriatoode - tool "John", Toivo Raidmets, tootja OÜ Toivo; tegevuspreemia - Disaini- ja Arhitektuurigalerii asutamise ja käigushoidmise eest, Maile Grünberg. Nominentide loetelu

  20. Harju Elekter väärtustab strateegilist partnerlust / Andres Aarma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aarma, Andres

    2003-01-01

    Autor kirjeldab elektriseadmete ja -materjalide tootja, ettevõtte Harju Elekter edu põhjuseid läbi olulisemate strateegiliste juhtimisotsuste, personalijuhtimise, tootmise ning toodangu turustamise. Kommenteerivad Sander Danil, Jako Kotkas, Andres Vainola, Rein Siim ja Triin Palge. Diagrammid: Harju Elektri käive, eksport ja kasum, turud käibe järgi, tegevusalad käibe järgi. Skeemid: Harju Elektri tütar- ja sidusettevõtted, organisatsiooni struktuur. Vt. samas intervjuud Harju Elektri nõukogu esimehe Endel Pallaga; Harju Elektri kontsern täna. Lisad: Harju Elektri olulisemad koostöölepingud, laenude tagatised ja panditud vara

  1. Value Creation through Acquisition Strategy: A Study of Volvo’s Acquisition by Geely

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yane Chandera

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the value creation on the acquisition of Volvo Car Corp by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group. The acquisition of Volvo by Geely became an interesting topic to discuss since it was the first time in automotive industry that a Chinese company acquired an international company with a considerably high transaction amount. The paper examines the short term value creation using event study to calculate abnormal returns of each company’s stock during the announcement period and measuring the significance of the cumulative abnormal return. The findings are consistent with previous studies over the years which have shown that most acquisitions fail to add value for shareholders in the acquiring company. The paper discusses the broad managerial implications of the findings this paper discussion on marketing aspect after the acquisition by integrating two different brand perceptions.

  2. Value Creation through Acquisition Strategy: A Study of Volvo’s Acquisition by Geely

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yane Chandera

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the value creation on the acquisition of Volvo Car Corp by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group. The acquisition of Volvo by Geely became an interesting topic to discuss since it was the first time in automotive industry that a Chinese company acquired an international company with a considerably high transaction amount. The paper examines the short term value creation using event study to calculate abnormal returns of each company’s stock during the announcement period and measuring the significance of the cumulative abnormal return. The findings are consistent with previous studies over the years which have shown that most acquisitions fail to add value for shareholders in the acquiring company. The paper discusses the broad managerial implications of the findings this paper discussion on marketing aspect after the acquisition by integrating two different brand perceptions.

  3. The effect of corporate brand reputation on brand attachment and brand loyalty: automobile sector

    OpenAIRE

    Loureiro, S. M. C.; Sarmento, E. M.; Le Bellego, G.

    2017-01-01

    The current study aims to analyze the effect of corporate brand reputation on brand attachment and brand loyalty considering the automotive sector and the brands Tesla, Toyota, and Volvo. A sample of 327 participants, members of car brand communities, collaborate in a survey. Overall findings reveal that the perception of corporate brand reputation is more effective on enhancing brand loyalty than brand attachment. However, the effect could depend on the car brand strategy. We may also claim ...

  4. Polaarjoone kangelased

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Talvetestis 20 uudisautot: Audi A3, BMW 320i, Chevrolet Volt, Citroën DS5, Fiat 500L, Ford B-Max, Honda Civic, Hyundai i30 Wagon, Kia Cee’d, Mazda6 Sport Wagon, Mercedes-Benz A-klass, Opel Mokka, Peugeot 208, Renault Clio, Seat Leon, Škoda Rapid, Toyota Auris Hybrid, Toyota GT86, Volkswagen Golf, Volvo V40

  5. Aqua-Reslin droplet analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brown, J.R.; Steinke, W.E.; Zhai, J.; Sykes, D.

    1998-01-01

    Emerging acid rain problems and problems related to various airborne toxins and effects in soils are discussed by David Schindler, the Volvo Environment Prize winner, a member of the Dept. of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Alberta, Canada. A chain of events involving depletion of basic cations in soils and global warming can result ultimately in a significant threat to indigenous peoples living at high latitudes

  6. From acid rain to toxic snow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schindler, D.

    1999-01-01

    Emerging acid rain problems and problems related to various airborne toxins and effects in soils are discussed by David Schindler, the Volvo Environment Prize winner, a member of the Dept. of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Alberta, Canada. A chain of events involving depletion of basic cations in soils and global warming can result ultimately in a significant threat to indigenous peoples living at high latitudes

  7. По зимнему бездорожью на полном приводе / Велиматти Хонканен, Яри Питкаярви и Ярмо Сукава

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Хонканен, Велиматти

    2003-01-01

    Audi A4 1,8 T Quattro, BMW 325Xi, Honda HR-V 1,6i, Jaguar X-Type 3,0 V6, Mercedes-Benz E 320 4matic, Renault Scenic RX4 2,0, Škoda Octavia Combi 2,0WD, Subaru Impreza 2,0 GX, Suzuki Liana 1,6 4WD, Volvo S60 AWD

  8. Abdome agudo em pós-operatório tardio de apendicite aguda: pode não ser bridas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Castro Fernandes

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available As ressecções intestinais em países desenvolvidos ocorrem devido às malformações congênitas. Em países em desenvolvimento essas resseções ocorrem por causas potencialmente evitáveis, como invaginação intestinal irredutível, trauma abdominal fechado, volvo de jejuno-íleo, enterocolite necrosante, hérnia inguinal estrangulada e obstrução por bridas pós-operatórias. O volvo intestinal na infância é raro e geralmente de causas iatrogênicas causado, por exemplo, pela presença de grampos soltos a cavidade intestinal após apendicectomia laparoscópica. O volvo de jejuno-íleo pode ser secundário à isquemia nos casos de gastrosquise tratadas com silo ou mesmo pela colocação de banda gástrica pós-laparoscopia, ou ainda pela presença de lipoma mesentérico. Não foi identificado trabalho na literatura recente sobre volvo jejuno-íleo e isquemia e necrose de segmento de alça intestinal. O autores relatam um caso de abdome agudo obstrutivo em criança de 6 anos, em pós-operatório tardio (4 anos de apendicectomia aberta e cuja ressecção de segmento de Alça intestinal foi necessária nas duas oportunidades mas por motivos diferentes. Situações adversas em abdome agudo pós-operatório podem não ser por aderências intestinais, mas por situações mais graves e o cirurgião deve estar preparado para corrigir sua tática operatória.

  9. 76 FR 36486 - Preliminary Theft Data; Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... 10,189 2.1592 33 GENERAL MOTORS......... CHEVROLET HHR 172 80,781 2.1292 34 TOYOTA SCION TC 57 27,179... LINCOLN TOWN CAR....... 24 11,596 2.0697 38 TOYOTA AVALON 45 22,030 2.0427 39 NISSAN 350Z 1 503 1.9881 40....7898 48 GENERAL MOTORS......... CADILLAC CTS 91 50,926 1.7869 49 VOLVO S60 12 6,837 1.7552 50 TOYOTA...

  10. Development of a Control Systems Platform for an Autonomous Soft-Car

    OpenAIRE

    Ray, Pratish

    2015-01-01

    Balloon Cars (Soft Cars) used for active-system testing are presently statically following one specific path. Autonomous GPS driven balloon cars can be extremely useful if made to be accurate.Volvo group’s long term plan involves usage of such cars to improve active-safety systems. Thisreport presents comprehensive details about the development of the control system of the soft-car.Software development was preceded by purchase of parts. Detailed descriptions of the ballooncar hardware compone...

  11. JPRS Report, Science & Technology: Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-21

    body, Mercedes Benz for the first time used cold wire laser welding. A second laser application joined the roof to the side wall. Volvo is doing...assem- blies leave the hood production line daily. The reasons for using lasers are many. In the case of Mercedes Benz , styling was the decisive factor...and Salt Lake City, Utah (U.S.)—is looking around for other sales markets . Reichardt has found new cus- tomers: " Advertising agencies, universities

  12. Swedish buses global leader in energy efficiency; Svenska bussar vaerldsledande i energieffektivitet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    By using hybrid technology and to develop a lighter car body, Volvo has developed one of the world's most energy-efficient bus with support from the Swedish Energy Agency. There is great potential for energy efficiency and emission reductions in the transport sector, especially in the heavy traffic. The transport sector accounts for about 23 percent of total energy use in Sweden and is to 94 percent dependent on fossil fuels.

  13. Analysis of performance reliability of electrical and electronic equipment of car-tractor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kravchenko О.Р.

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the operational reliability of electrical and electronic equipment of vehicles, trucks Mercedes-Benz Actros 1844 LS and Volvo FH 1242, conducting international cargo transportation is performed. It is established that the equipment is reliable, which meets modern requirements, but where there is a violation of the resolution. The reason for repair work is constructive and operational factors. Distribution of efficiency and overall performance of operational reliability is retrieved. Items with more bounce are found. Common factors of violation of efficiency cars, trucks in operation, are largely different stages in warranty runs are obtained.

  14. Data-driven algorithm to estimate friction in automobile engine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stotsky, Alexander A.

    2010-01-01

    Algorithms based on the oscillations of the engine angular rotational speed under fuel cutoff and no-load were proposed for estimation of the engine friction torque. The recursive algorithm to restore the periodic signal is used to calculate the amplitude of the engine speed signal at fuel cutoff....... The values of the friction torque in the corresponding table entries are updated at acquiring new measurements of the friction moment. A new, data-driven algorithm for table adaptation on the basis of stepwise regression was developed and verified using the six-cylinder Volvo engine....

  15. Moondunud tõde? / Hannu Ahonen, Velimatti Honkanen, Tapio Koisaari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ahonen, Hannu

    2012-01-01

    Testis kümne auto tegelikud CO₂-näidud. Bensiiniautod: Audi A5 Coupé 1,8 TFSI ; BMW 116i ; Citroën C1 1,0i ; Dacia Sandero 1,6 Hi-Flex ; Toyota Verso-S. Diiselautod: Fiat Punto 1,3 M-Jet ; Ford Mondeo 1,6 TDCi ECOnetic ; Opel Insignia Sports Tourer 2,0 CDTI EcoFlex ; Škoda Octavia HB 1,6 TDI GreenLine ; Volvo V70 1,6D DRIVe

  16. Hyperspectral-Augmented Target Tracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Make Model 1 White Volvo 740 GL 2 Black Mitsubishi Montero 3 White Honda Accord 4 Black Jeep Grand Cherokee 5 Maroon Toyota Camry 6 Dark Blue...Landrover Discovery 7 Blue Chevy Colorado 8 Gold Honda Odyssey 9 Silver Nissan Altima 10 Gold Honda Accord 11 Red VW Beetle Continued on next page 3-11 Table...Gold Saturn SL2 16 Gold Nissan Maxima 17 Red Saturn SL2 18 Black Pontiac Grand Am 19 Silver Ford Focus 20 Gray with Black top Chrysler Sebring

  17. Keskklassi meistrivõistlused / Wolfgang König, Dirk Branke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    König, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Suur test. Mõõtu võtavad 15 pereautot: Audi A4 2.0 TDI, BMW 318d, Mercedes-Benz C 200 CDI, Škoda Superb 2.0 TDI, VW Passat 2.0 TDI, Citroën C5 HDi 140, Hyundai i40 1.7 CRDi, Ford Mondeo 2.0 TDCi, Kia Optima 1.7 CRDi, Mazda 6 2.2 MZR-CD, Opel Insignia 2.0 CDTI, Renault Laguna dCi 150, Peugeot 508 HDi 140, Volvo S60 D3, Seat Exeo 2.0 TDI

  18. San Francisco Bay Area Cargo Forecast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-01

    typically moved by container.* Trend line regression equations were developed from this data that show a long and stable history of high growth on...216.7 2 A Mazda 65.4 35.4 50.6 75.3 i56.5 Subaru 41.6 18.4 80.8 103.2 :27.9 Fiat 100.5 51.5 63.5 50.4 53.9 Volvo 60.3 43.9 46.8 50.9 56.) Total 1,577.0

  19. Kiire lugu / Robert Koistinen ja Aimo Niemi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koistinen, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Sportautode võrdlus: Alfa Romeo Giulia Quadrifoglio, Audi R8 V10 Plus, BMW M2, Cadillac ATS-V Coupé, Ford Focus RS, Honda Civic Type R, Jaguar F-Type 3,0 V6 AWD Coupé, Lamborghini Huracan LP 580-2, Mazda MX-5 2,0 Sport, McLaren 570S, McLaren 675LT, Mercedes-AMG A 45, Mercedes-AMG C 63 S Coupé, Opel Corsa OPC, Peugeot 308 GTi, Polaris Slingshot SL, Porsche 718 Boxster S, Porsche 911 GT3 RS, Volkswagen Golf GTI Clubsport, Volvo S60 Polestar

  20. Korean Affairs Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-09

    U.S. Volvo 13. Other 14. Subtotal 15. Toyota 16. Nissan 17. Honda 18. Mazda 19. Mitsubishi 20. Fujitsu 21. Isuzu 22. Suzuki 23. Japanese...cars & Percent Unit=1,000 3. Company 4. U.S.-Made Cars 5. Imported Cars 6. GM 7. Ford 8. Chrysler 9. AMC 10. U.S. Nissan 11. U.S. Honda 12...24 percent. This is a surprisingly large increase compared with the current 1.7 percent. Until 1983, the prospect of Korean automobile exports was

  1. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Controversies proliferate over Chinese automaker Geely’s plan to buy the Swedish car brand Volvo, as analysts discount the prospect over its ability to integrate with the up-scale car manufacturer. China plans a pilot program that equalizes on-grid tariffs for hydro-and coal-fired power. Centrally-administered property developers join the real estate craze to scoop up land in big cities, adding to looming concerns over the property bubble that is waiting to burst. The domestic tourism market continues to gather momentum, offsetting downturns of inbound travel. Digital advertiser Focus Media loses its shine, reporting a painful loss between April and June.

  2. Laiad rehvid ja lõvihääl / Jussa Nieminen, Robert Koistinen, Aimo Niemi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nieminen, Jussa

    2011-01-01

    TM võrdleb sportautosid: Alfa Romeo Giulietta Quadrifoglio Verde; Audi R8 GT Replica; Audi A1 1,4 TFSI; BMW 1. seeria M Coupé; Cadillac CTS-V Wagon; Chevrolet Camaro SS A; Citroën DS3 Racing; Ferrari 458 Italia; Hyundai Genesis Coupe; Mazda MX-5 Takara Edition; Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG Edition; Mercedes-Benz CLS 63 AMG; Mini Cooper S Countryman All4; Porsche 911 Turbo S; Porsche Cayman R; Saab 9-5 2,8T Aero XWD; Škoda Fabia RS; Subaru STI Racing; Volkswagen Polo GTI; Volvo V60 T6 R-Design Polestar

  3. A forum on LPG vehicles and leasing; Un forum sur les vehicules GPL et la LLD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fridman, G.

    1999-04-01

    As a specialist of vehicle leasing, Axus France cooperated with Arthur Andersen, Butagaz and Volvo to promote the LPG solution to managers. Axus France offers with LPG vehicles leasing a range of tailor made products and services. Thus, the company estimates that LPG economics applied through vehicle leasing are not sufficiently large from Diesel (its calculation gives only 2 %) on some utilizations. This is why Axus offers an extra incitement to its customers, by keeping the financial risk linked to the LPG vehicle resale. (authors)

  4. The effect of a low-speed automatic brake system estimated from real life data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaksson-Hellman, Irene; Lindman, Magdalena

    2012-01-01

    A substantial part of all traffic accidents involving passenger cars are rear-end collisions and most of them occur at low speed. Auto Brake is a feature that has been launched in several passenger car models during the last few years. City Safety is a technology designed to help the driver mitigate, and in certain situations avoid, rear-end collisions at low speed by automatically braking the vehicle.Studies have been presented that predict promising benefits from these kinds of systems, but few attempts have been made to show the actual effect of Auto Brake. In this study, the effect of City Safety, a standard feature on the Volvo XC60 model, is calculated based on insurance claims data from cars in real traffic crashes in Sweden. The estimated claim frequency of rear-end frontal collisions measured in claims per 1,000 insured vehicle years was 23% lower for the City Safety equipped XC60 model than for other Volvo models without the system.

  5. Multi-modal assessment of on-road demand of voice and manual phone calling and voice navigation entry across two embedded vehicle systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehler, Bruce; Kidd, David; Reimer, Bryan; Reagan, Ian; Dobres, Jonathan; McCartt, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Abstract One purpose of integrating voice interfaces into embedded vehicle systems is to reduce drivers’ visual and manual distractions with ‘infotainment’ technologies. However, there is scant research on actual benefits in production vehicles or how different interface designs affect attentional demands. Driving performance, visual engagement, and indices of workload (heart rate, skin conductance, subjective ratings) were assessed in 80 drivers randomly assigned to drive a 2013 Chevrolet Equinox or Volvo XC60. The Chevrolet MyLink system allowed completing tasks with one voice command, while the Volvo Sensus required multiple commands to navigate the menu structure. When calling a phone contact, both voice systems reduced visual demand relative to the visual–manual interfaces, with reductions for drivers in the Equinox being greater. The Equinox ‘one-shot’ voice command showed advantages during contact calling but had significantly higher error rates than Sensus during destination address entry. For both secondary tasks, neither voice interface entirely eliminated visual demand. Practitioner Summary: The findings reinforce the observation that most, if not all, automotive auditory–vocal interfaces are multi-modal interfaces in which the full range of potential demands (auditory, vocal, visual, manipulative, cognitive, tactile, etc.) need to be considered in developing optimal implementations and evaluating drivers’ interaction with the systems. Social Media: In-vehicle voice-interfaces can reduce visual demand but do not eliminate it and all types of demand need to be taken into account in a comprehensive evaluation. PMID:26269281

  6. Truck Thermoacoustic Generator and Chiller

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keolian, Robert

    2011-03-31

    This Final Report describes the accomplishments of the US Department of Energy (DOE) cooperative agreement project DE-FC26-04NT42113 - Truck Thermoacoustic Generator and Chiller - whose goal is to design, fabricate and test a thermoacoustic piezoelectric generator and chiller system for use on over-the-road heavy-duty-diesel trucks, driven alternatively by the waste heat of the main diesel engine exhaust or by a burner integrated into the thermoacoustic system. The thermoacoustic system would utilize engine exhaust waste heat to generate electricity and cab air conditioning, and would also function as an auxiliary power unit (APU) for idle reduction. The unit was to be tested in Volvo engine performance and endurance test cells and then integrated onto a Class 8 over-the-road heavy-duty-diesel truck for further testing on the road. The project has been a collaboration of The Pennsylvania State University Applied Research Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Clean Power Resources Inc., and Volvo Powertrain (Mack Trucks Inc.). Cost share funding was provided by Applied Research Laboratory, and by Clean Power Resources Inc via its grant from Innovation Works - funding that was derived from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Los Alamos received its funding separately through DOE Field Work Proposal 04EE09.

  7. Laser diagnostics of combustion phenomena related to engines/gas turbines. Technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alden, Marcus [Lund Inst. of Technology (Sweden). Dept. of Combustion

    2000-05-01

    The following project has been a one year project bridging the time between the NUTEK program in 'Motorrelaterad foerbraenning' and the new STEM program in 'Energisystem i vaegfordon. The activities has included three Ph. D students and the project has been directed towards two main areas. The first area is the development and application of a new laser diagnostic technique based on laser-induced fluorescence from atomic species for measurements of two-dimensional temperatures in combustion systems. The technique has shown to have distinct advantages compared to more commonly used laser techniques and it has been applied both in engines (VOLVO PV) as well as in gas turbines (VOLVO Aero Corp.) A major advantage is the potential, recently investigated, to make measurements in sooty environments. The second area is in the area of development and application of a technique for measurements of two-dimensional soot volume fractions and particle sizes. The technique is called Laser-induced Incandescence, LII, and here a laser beam is heating the particle considerably above the flame temperature and by detecting the increased blackbody radiation, the parameters above can be inferred. During the year most work has been to develop the technique, but distinct applications in burners, engines and model fires are planned.

  8. Multi-modal assessment of on-road demand of voice and manual phone calling and voice navigation entry across two embedded vehicle systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehler, Bruce; Kidd, David; Reimer, Bryan; Reagan, Ian; Dobres, Jonathan; McCartt, Anne

    2016-03-01

    One purpose of integrating voice interfaces into embedded vehicle systems is to reduce drivers' visual and manual distractions with 'infotainment' technologies. However, there is scant research on actual benefits in production vehicles or how different interface designs affect attentional demands. Driving performance, visual engagement, and indices of workload (heart rate, skin conductance, subjective ratings) were assessed in 80 drivers randomly assigned to drive a 2013 Chevrolet Equinox or Volvo XC60. The Chevrolet MyLink system allowed completing tasks with one voice command, while the Volvo Sensus required multiple commands to navigate the menu structure. When calling a phone contact, both voice systems reduced visual demand relative to the visual-manual interfaces, with reductions for drivers in the Equinox being greater. The Equinox 'one-shot' voice command showed advantages during contact calling but had significantly higher error rates than Sensus during destination address entry. For both secondary tasks, neither voice interface entirely eliminated visual demand. Practitioner Summary: The findings reinforce the observation that most, if not all, automotive auditory-vocal interfaces are multi-modal interfaces in which the full range of potential demands (auditory, vocal, visual, manipulative, cognitive, tactile, etc.) need to be considered in developing optimal implementations and evaluating drivers' interaction with the systems. Social Media: In-vehicle voice-interfaces can reduce visual demand but do not eliminate it and all types of demand need to be taken into account in a comprehensive evaluation.

  9. Homogeneous charge compression ignition compared with Otto-Atkinson in a passenger car size engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagel, Andreas

    2000-07-01

    The use of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) was investigated in an ordinary SI (spark ignition) engine, in this case a modified Volvo 850, working on one cylinder only, the others towed. The major purpose of this study was to examine whether there were the same kind of throttle losses in this engine as in a Diesel engine (Volvo TD 100). One reason for throttling is that HCCI causes very cold exhaust gases. The Diesel engine has a larger cylinder volume (1.6 compared to 0.5 litre), working at low engine speed (1000 rpm) and only two valves with comparably small area. The smaller Volvo 850 engine has four valves and was in this examination working at up to 3500 rpm. To make the engine run by HCCI following modifications were made. The compression was set to 20:1 by changing the piston. To affect the ignition an electrical heater was installed near the air inlet. Mixing iso-octane (ON 100) and N-heptane (ON 0) set the octane number. A couple of camshafts with different cam-profiles were used to achieve the right valve opening duration depending on which kind of combustion that was studied. There could then also be a comparison between Otto and HCCI combustion both working with wide-open throttle. To obtain comparable indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) the engine was working with late (LIVC) or early inlet valve closing (EIVC) at SI combustion. Measurements were taken involving in-cylinder pressure, temperature, speed, fuel-consumption, emissions etc. Regarding emissions there were special consideration taken to hydrocarbon and NO{sub x}, which are known to be extremely high respectively low with HCCI combustion. Important questions that should be answered were: * How does higher engine speed affect the combustion ?, * How does the engine size affect emissions ?, * How much is the valve area affecting gas exchange losses ?, and * How high is the efficiency with HCCI compared with Otto (LIVC/EIVC) ?. The best results are achieved at an indicated mean

  10. Machinability of structural steels with calcium addition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pytel, S.; Zadecki, M.

    2003-01-01

    The machinability of the plain carbon and low alloy structural steels with carbon content of 0.1-0.6% is briefly discussed in the first part of the paper. In the experimental part a dependence between the addition of calcium and some changes in sulphide and oxide inclusions morphology is presented. The Volvo test for measurement of machinability index B i has been applied. Using the multiple regression methods two relationships between machinability index B i and stereological parameters of non-metallic inclusions as well as hardness of the steels have been calculated. The authors have reached the conclusion that owing to the changes in inclusion chemical composition and geometry as result of calcium addition the machinability index of the steel can be higher. (author)

  11. Diisel ON talveauto!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    TM võrdleb diiselmootoriga pereautosid: Audi A4 2,0 TDI, BMW 123d Coupé, Chrysler Sebring 2,0 CRD Touring, Fiat Bravo 1,9 JTD Dynamic, Ford Mondeo 1,8 TDCi Trend, Hyundai i30 1,6 CRDi Comfort, Kia Cee’d 1,6 CRDi EX, Mercedes-Benz C 200 CDI, Mitsubishi Lancer 2,0 DID Intense, Nissan Qashqai 4x2 1,5 dCi Acenta, Peugeot 308 Premium HDI 110 FAP, Renault Laguna Expression 1,5 dCi Eco2, Škoda Fabia 1,9 TDI Sport, Toyota Auris 1,4 D-4D Linea Sol, Volvo V70 2,0D Momentum

  12. industria automovilística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Arturo Rivas Tovar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como objeto mostrar una breve reseña de lo que ha sido la gestión del conocimiento en la industria automotriz internacional. Se describen las experiencia de gestión dentro de las que cabe mencionar la transformación de conocimiento tácito en explícito (Honda, la socialización del conocimiento (Nissan, la creación de comunidades de práctica (Ford, la creación de los libros de conocimiento de ingeniería (Daimler Chrysler, las alianzas de aprendizaje (GM, el aprendizaje colectivo (IRIZAR España, y el sistema de agentes inteligentes (Volvo. Finalmente se describen los retos de la industria automotriz mexicana en materia de gestión del conocimiento, derivada de su proceso de apertura comercial.

  13. La gestión del conocimiento en la industria automovilística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Arturo Rivas Tovar, Ph.D.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como objeto mostrar una breve reseña de lo que ha sido la gestión del conocimiento en la industria automotriz internacional. Se describen las experiencia de gestión dentro de las que cabe mencionar la transformación de conocimiento tácito en explícito (Honda, la socialización del conocimiento (Nissan, la creación de comunidades de práctica (Ford, la creación de los libros de conocimiento de ingeniería (Daimler Chrysler, las alianzas de aprendizaje (GM, el aprendizaje colectivo (IRIZAR España, y el sistema de agentes inteligentes (Volvo. Finalmente se describen los retos de la industria automotriz mexicana en materia de gestión del conocimiento, derivada de su proceso de apertura comercial.

  14. Auto industry late followers knowledge creation through internationalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marković Dušan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Radical changes of business environment have been caused by growing globalization at the beginning of the 21st century. Consequently, a strong network of trade and investment relationships between national economies has been established. Although it entails many risks, global business environment opens up great opportunities, as well. In order to seize these opportunities, many companies from emerging markets internationalize their business operations, and thus challenge once untouchable leaders from developed countries. Traditional theories on multinational companies cannot fully explain their motives for going abroad. Recently, the automotive industry has become a new field where the late followers from emerging markets try to challenge the leaders. This paper includes the following three case studies: Hyundai - Kia, Geely - Volvo, and Tata Motors - Jaguar Land Rover. These case studies show that although the late followers in the automotive industry use different internationalization strategies, they all perceive internationalization as a means of obtaining the lacking competencies and building up a positive reputation.

  15. PRODUCT EFFICIENCY IN THE SPANISH AUTOMOBILE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González, Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates product efficiency in the Spanish automobile market. We use non parametric frontier techniques in order to estimate product efficiency scores for each model. These scores reflect the minimum price for which each car could be sold, given the bundle of tangible features it offers in comparison to the best-buy models. Unlike previous research, we use discounted prices which have been adjusted by car dealerships to meet sale targets. Therefore, we interpret the efficiency scores as indicators of the value of the intangible features of the brand. The results show that Audi, Volvo, Volkswagen and Mercedes offer the greatest intangible value, since they are heavily overpriced in terms of price/product ratios. Conversely, Seat, Kia, Renault and Dacia are the brands that can be taken as referent in terms of price/product ratios.

  16. Design and Implementation of Software for Resistance Welding Process Simulations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Wenqi

    2003-01-01

    Based on long time engineering research and dedicated collaborations with industry, a new welding software, SORPAS, has been developed for simulation of resistance projection and spot welding processes applying the powerful finite element method (FEM). In order to make the software directly usabl...... equipment manufacturers...... by engineers and technicians in industry, all of the important parameters in resistance welding are considered and automatically implemented into the software. With the specially designed graphic user interface for Windows, engineers (even without prior knowledge of FEM) can quickly learn and easily operate...... and utilize the software. All industrial users, including welding engineers from DaimlerChrysler, Volkswangen, PSA Peugeot Citroen, VOLVO, Siemens, ABB and so on, have started using the software just after taking a one-day training course. With the user-friendly facilities for flexible geometric design...

  17. Field test of motor cars running on methanol-petrol mixtures. Field test methanol/benzine variabele mengsels in 15 auto's

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollemans, B; Van der Weide, J

    1985-01-01

    As part of the Dutch National Program Plan on Energy Research the Research Institute for Road Vehicles of the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research TNO carried out a field test of motor cars using as motor fuel methanol-petrol mixtures ranging from 0% to 100% methanol. This has been made possible by using a sensor developed for alcohol-petrol mixtures coupled with a control system. The fleet, 15 Volvo 340 cars, was tested in the period July 1982-April 1985. They covered together 1,118,558 km; 'average mixture': 65% methanol; 'average fuel consumption': 14.4 liter per 100 km. Detailed information is given on: fuel consumption, performance, troubles, maintenance, etc. A special and separate appendix gives information on complaints and troubles in general and for each car individually.

  18. Autod jõuluöös / Tapio Koisaari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koisaari, Tapio

    2011-01-01

    Talveauto 2011: Alfa Romeo Giulietta 2,0 JTD 140 ; Audi A1 1,6 TDI 77 kW ; BMW 520dA Touring ; Chevrolet Cruze 2,0 DLT+ ; Citroën C3 HDi 90 ; Dacia Duster 1,5 dCi 110 Laureate ; Ford C-Max 1,6L TDCi Titanium ; Honda CR-Z 1,5 GT ; Hyundai ix35 1,7 CRDi ISG Comfort ; Kia Venga 1,4 CRDi Ex ; Mini Cooper D Countryman ; Mitsubishi ASX 1,8 DID 2WD Invite ; Nissan Juke 1,5 dCi Acenta ; Opel Meriva 1,7D DTC Enjoy ; Peugeot RCZ Sport 2,0 HDi ; Saab 9-5 Vector 2,0 TTiD ; Toyota Auris 1,8 HSD Linea Sol Plus ; Volkswagen Sharan Comfortline 2,0 TDI DSG ; Volvo S60 D3 Momentum

  19. On safety management and nuclear safety - A frame of reference for studies of safety management with examples from non-nuclear contects of relevance for nuclear safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Svenson, O.; Allwin, P.; Salo, I.

    2004-03-01

    The report includes three case studies of safety management. The studies are presented as chapters, but are written in a format that makes them easy to read separately. Two of the studies cover regulators (the Swedish Civil Aviation Safety Authority, Luftfartsinspektionen) and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate) and one a regulated activity/industry (a car manufacturer, Volvo Car). The introduction outlines a living system framework and relates this to concepts used in organizational management. The report concludes with some findings with potential relevance for safety management in the nuclear power domain. In the next phase of the work, the regulated counterparts of the regulators here will be investigated in addition to a fourth case study of a regulated activity/industry. (au)

  20. Úlceras em megacólons chagásicos operados na urgência e eletivamente Ulcerations in Chagas' megacolon operated at urgency and electively

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Diogo-Filho

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: O megacólon é uma doença freqüente no nosso meio e abordado na urgência pelas suas complicações como fecalomas, volvos e perfurações. As úlceras de estases nos megacólons contribuem como prováveis sítios de perfurações OBJETIVO: Comparar as freqüências de úlceras de decúbito em megacólons chagásicos operados na urgência, por volvo e fecaloma, e eletivamente, objetivando melhor conduta cirúrgica na urgência MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Analisaram-se os laudos de 356 exames anatomopatológicos de ressecções colônicas de pacientes operados por megacólon chagásico na urgência (102 casos; 29% e eletivamente (254 casos; 71%, no período de 1980 a 2000. As indicações cirúrgicas de urgência foram atribuídas a volvo (71 casos; 69,6%, fecaloma (25 casos; 24,5%, abdome agudo perfurativo após sondagem retal ou sigmoidoscopia (6 casos; 5,9%. Compararam-se as freqüências de úlceras nos dois grupos de peças cirúrgicas, com a utilização do teste do qui-quadrado RESULTADOS: Nos laudos das peças cirúrgicas obtidas nas cirurgias de urgência, constatou-se o registro de úlceras em 26 casos (25,5%; nas peças de ressecções eletivas verificaram-se úlceras em 21 casos (8,25%. A diferença observada foi estatisticamente significante. A comparação dos grupos de volvo, fecaloma e volvo com fecaloma, em separado com o grupo das cirurgias eletivas, evidenciou diferenças significantes em relação ao volvo e ao fecaloma CONCLUSÃO: A freqüência muito maior de úlceras nos megas operados em caráter de urgência enfatiza a necessidade da ressecção imediata do cólon sigmóide, ao invés da conduta conservadora de simples colostomia descompressiva, mesmo naquelas laparotomias exploradoras em que o exame macroscópico do sigmóide não mostre sinais de necrose. Desta forma, deve-se prevenir a ocorrência de perfuração do megacólon no pós-operatório mediato, com conseqüências usualmente graves.BACKGROUD: The

  1. The effect of a 3-point harness restraint and car seat in whiplash-type lateral impacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Shrawan; Ferrari, Robert; Narayan, Yogesh; Jones, Troy

    2006-01-01

    Seventeen healthy volunteers were subjected to right and left lateral impacts 5.0, 6.8, 9.2, and 16.8 m/s acceleration while positioned in a Volvo car seat with lap and shoulder seat belt restraint in laboratory setting. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using a standard 3-point lap and shoulder seat belt and Volvo car seat on the response of the cervical muscles to increasing low-velocity lateral impacts. A previous study of lateral impacts in a 5-point harness restraint with head and trunk in neutral posture suggests that the burden of impact is borne primarily by the splenius capitis muscle contralateral to the direction of impact. That study, however, used a nonstandard harness for automobiles, and other studies suggest that a lap-and-shoulder seat belt may increase the risk of whiplash injury. Triaxial accelerometers recorded the acceleration of the 1) sled, 2) torso at the shoulder level, and 3) head of the participant, while bilateral electromyograms of the sternocleidomastoids, trapezii, and splenii capitis were also recorded. For participants experiencing a right or left lateral impact, the muscle responses increased with increasing levels of acceleration (P trend to progressively decrease with increasing levels of acceleration. The peak head accelerations relative to the sled ranged from 2.5 to 10.6 m/s. When the impact was a right lateral impact, at the highest sled acceleration, the left splenius capitis generated 47% of its maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), and the left trapezius also 46% of its MVC; the left and right sternocleidomastoid, right splenius capitis, and right trapezius generated 29% or less of their MVC. For the highest level of acceleration in a left lateral impact, the right splenius capitis generated 48% of its MVC and the right trapezius 57% of the MVC, the left and right sternocleidomastoid, left splenius capitis, and left trapezius generated 29% or less of their MVC. In both directions of impact, the

  2. Evaluation of the crash mitigation effect of low-speed automated emergency braking systems based on insurance claims data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaksson-Hellman, Irene; Lindman, Magdalena

    2016-09-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the crash mitigation performance of low-speed automated emergency braking collision avoidance technologies by examining crash rates, car damage, and personal injuries. Insurance claims data were used to identify rear-end frontal collisions, the specific situations where the low-speed automated emergency braking system intervenes. We compared cars of the same model (Volvo V70) with and without the low-speed automated emergency braking system (AEB and no AEB, respectively). Distributions of spare parts required for car repair were analyzed to identify car damage, and crash severity was estimated by comparing the results with laboratory crash tests. Repair costs and occupant injuries were investigated for both the striking and the struck vehicle. Rear-end frontal collisions were reduced by 27% for cars with low-speed AEB compared to cars without the system. Those of low severity were reduced by 37%, though more severe crashes were not reduced. Accordingly, the number of injured occupants in vehicles struck by low-speed AEB cars was reduced in low-severity crashes. In offset crash configurations, the system was found to be less effective. This study adds important information about the safety performance of collision avoidance technologies, beyond the number of crashes avoided. By combining insurance claims data and information from spare parts used, the study demonstrates a mitigating effect of low-speed AEB in real-world traffic.

  3. Ergonomic development work: co-education as a support for user participation at a car assembly plant. A case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garmer, K; Dahlman, S; Sperling, L

    1995-12-01

    This study deals with the design, trials and evaluation of a co-education programme at the Volvo Uddevalla plant in Sweden. Involving operators, manufacturing engineers and managers, the programme served as a support for the creation of a participatory ergonomics process, intended for continuous use at the plant. It consisted of a basic ergonomics knowledge package, and a dialogue model defining the roles and relations of actors involved. As a practical part of the programme, trial development projects were also carried out by the participants. The main and long term objective of the project was to start the participants cooperating in a continuous change and development process on the shop-floor. The outcome of the co-education programme was evaluated immediately after the first two regular courses, and, as a longterm follow-up, after seven subsequent courses shortly after the closing of the Uddevalla plant. The co-education programme was shown to be successful. Later on, the expertize of both operators and manufacturing engineers became obvious to everyone at the plant, and the cooperation between operators and manufacturing engineers increased steadily. The main conclusion drawn was that the co-education programme is a good starting point for a process of participation and industrial change work. However, in order to get a permanent impact, the whole organization must nurse and nourish the further development, and implementation of the process.

  4. Large-scale application of natural gas as an engine fuel in public transport

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Verstegen, P.; Nieuwenhuis, A.; Van Schagen, G.J.

    1993-02-01

    Options and bottlenecks for the use of compressed natural gas (CNG) as an automotive fuel in public transportation have been inventorized and discussed. Based on interviews with representatives of transportation businesses and their umbrella organizations the demands and wishes are listed in chapter one. In chapter two several types of natural gas storage cylinders, focusing on the weight and the costs of the cylinders and the consequences for the road tax. In chapter three attention is paid to the delivery possibilities of the bus manufacturers DAF, Mercedes-Benz, Volvo and MAN. Technical specifications and data on the energy consumption, emission and other aspects are presented. In chapter three the characteristics of fastfill stations and slowfill stations are assessed for implementing problems, costs and reliability. The costs for the use of CNG in buses, as discussed in chapter five, consist of additional costs for the bus, maintenance, road tax, filling station, safety provisions, and reduced costs for the fuel. In chapter six the regulations and legislation for the use of CNG in vehicles, filling stations and storage cylinders is dealt with. In the final chapters seven and eight the necessity of introductory courses and training is briefly discussed, and an overview of current projects in the Netherlands is given. 13 figs., 14 tabs., refs

  5. Propelling Ariane. The Vulcain engines and the solid propellant engines; Propulser Ariane. Les moteurs Vulcain et les moteurs a propergol solide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1997-12-31

    The development of the Vulcain program was ensured thanks to a European cooperation with an ESA (European Space Agency) financing. The CNES (European Centre for Space Studies) has ensured the technical and financial direction of the program and gave the control of the development to the SEP. The manufacturing of the Vulcain engine is managed under the Arianespace contract, in charge of the marketing of the Ariane 5 launcher. The overall engineering of the engine and its tests were carried out by the SEP in Vernon (France) and Lampoldshausen (Germany) test facilities. SEP has also developed and built the hydrogen turbo-pump, the gas generator and its feeding valves. Several companies are involved in the development of this engine: DASA for the combustion chamber, Fiat Avio for the oxygen turbo-pump, Volvo Aero Corp. for the divergent and the hydrogen and oxygen turbines, Techspace Aero for the chamber injection valves and the drain and hot gases valves, Microtechnica for the electro-valves and check valves, SPE for the firing and start-up equipments, Avica for the feeding lines, Devtec for the supports, and MAN for the cardan and the thermal protection. This paper describes the functioning principle of the Vulcain engine, and of the two solid propellant fuel acceleration stages of the Ariane 5 launcher. Some future projects of the SEP are also described: the dual liquid-fuels engine and the plasma engine. (J.S.)

  6. Hydrogen utilization efficiency in PEM fuel cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Metkemeyer, R; Achard, P; Rouveyre, L; Picot, D [Ecole des Mines de Paris, Centre D' energrtique, Sophia Antipolis (France)

    1998-07-01

    In this paper, we present the work carried out within the framework of the FEVER project (Fuel cell Electric Vehicle for Efficiency and Range), an European project coordinated by Renault, joining Ecole des Mines de Paris, Ansaldo, De Nora, Air Liquide and Volvo. For the FEVER project, where an electrical air compressor is used for oxidant supply, there is no need for hydrogen spill over, meaning that the hydrogen stoichiometry has to be as close to one as possible. To determine the optimum hydrogen utilization efficiency for a 10 kW Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) fed with pure hydrogen, a 4 kW prototype fuel cell was tested with and without a hydrogen recirculator at the test facility of Ecole des Mines de Paris. Nitrogen cross over from the cathodic compartment to the anodic compartment limits the hydrogen utilization of the fuel cell without recirculator to 97.4 % whereas 100% is feasible when a recirculator is used. 5 refs.

  7. Backset-stationary and during car driving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonsson, Bertil; Stenlund, Hans; Björnstig, Ulf

    2008-12-01

    The aim of the study was to measure and analyze backset, defined as the horizontal distance between the back of the occupant's head and a point located on the ventral/top aspect of the sewn rim of the head restraint, with the car stationary and during driving, in the driver's position in a modern car. A population of 65 subjects, 35 males and 30 females, was studied in a Volvo V70 car, model year 2007. The subjects were studied in the driver's position, in a self-selected posture. Stationary backset was measured with the technique described by Jonsson et al. (2007) and backset during driving with video analysis. Descriptive data were calculated, and variability and correlation analyses were performed. A t-test was used to test differences of means. Significance level was set to 0.05. In comparison to stationary backset, mean backset during driving was 43 mm greater in males and 41 mm greater in females. Driving backset was 44 mm larger in males than in females. Driving backset was moderately correlated (0.37-0.43) to stature, seated height, and seat back angle in males and moderately correlated (0.44-0.52) to hip width, waist circumference, and weight in females. The overall intraclass correlation coefficient for backset during driving was 0.81 (CI: 0.75-0.86). These results may be of use in designing future updates of test protocols/routines for geometric backset, such as RCAR and RCAR-IIWPG.

  8. Multi-modal demands of a smartphone used to place calls and enter addresses during highway driving relative to two embedded systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimer, Bryan; Mehler, Bruce; Reagan, Ian; Kidd, David; Dobres, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    Abstract There is limited research on trade-offs in demand between manual and voice interfaces of embedded and portable technologies. Mehler et al. identified differences in driving performance, visual engagement and workload between two contrasting embedded vehicle system designs (Chevrolet MyLink and Volvo Sensus). The current study extends this work by comparing these embedded systems with a smartphone (Samsung Galaxy S4). None of the voice interfaces eliminated visual demand. Relative to placing calls manually, both embedded voice interfaces resulted in less eyes-off-road time than the smartphone. Errors were most frequent when calling contacts using the smartphone. The smartphone and MyLink allowed addresses to be entered using compound voice commands resulting in shorter eyes-off-road time compared with the menu-based Sensus but with many more errors. Driving performance and physiological measures indicated increased demand when performing secondary tasks relative to ‘just driving’, but were not significantly different between the smartphone and embedded systems. Practitioner Summary: The findings show that embedded system and portable device voice interfaces place fewer visual demands on the driver than manual interfaces, but they also underscore how differences in system designs can significantly affect not only the demands placed on drivers, but also the successful completion of tasks. PMID:27110964

  9. Púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein com acometimento incomum de face Unusual face involvement in Henoch-Schönlein purpura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Bassoli de Azevedo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A Púrpura de Henoch-Shönlein é uma vasculite de causa idiopática, que se caracteriza pelo depósito predominante de IgA na parede dos pequenos vasos, envolvendo tipicamente pele, intestino, articulações e glomérulo renal. O acometimento cutâneo ocorre principalmente em membros inferiores e região glútea, sendo raramente encontrado em face e membros superiores. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, com seis anos de idade, que apresentava lesões púrpuricas em região auricular, periorbital, malar, mentoniana e membros superiores, além de artralgia e volvo intestinal. Após tratamento cirúrgico e pulsoterapia com glicocorticoide, houve regressão dos sintomas, sem maiores complicações.Henoch-Schönlein Purpura is an idiopathic vasculitis characterized by deposits of immunoglobulin, mainly IgA, on the walls of small vessels, typically involving the skin, gut, joints, and renal glomeruli. Cutaneous involvement affects specially the lower limbs and buttocks, and it is seldom found on the face and upper limbs. We report the case of a 6-year old girl with purpuric lesions over the auricular, periorbital, malar, and mentonian regions and the upper limbs, arthralgia, and intestinal torsion. After surgical treatment and pulse therapy with glucocorticoids, her symptoms subsided without further complications.

  10. Opportunities for saving energy by means of cogeneration in Vegetales's Cannery of Sancti Spiritus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Alberto Clemente Corujo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This work analyzes the viability to install a system of cogeneration and to save energy at Vegetales's Cannery. The type of more convenient arrangement according to the conditions of the industry was defined. The magnitude of necessary investment, the equipment required, and also the additional quantity of diesel were determined for the correct operation of the project. It was considered the steam production and the consumptions of combustible oil and the electricity in the year 2008. As a primary motor was each engine Volvo of 3 existent generating sets. A minimal time of 4 daily hours during 300 days was calculated to work annually and they analyzed the necessary investments for expected benefits. The economic evaluation has as possitive results: a VAN of $192 646,89's and 36 %'s TIR. The cogeneration scheme more convenient is with Topping cycle. The necessary investment is about $144 000 and for having profitability it is necessary to work the same amount of hours from 6 to 10 p.m. that in the rest of a day.

  11. Multi-modal demands of a smartphone used to place calls and enter addresses during highway driving relative to two embedded systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimer, Bryan; Mehler, Bruce; Reagan, Ian; Kidd, David; Dobres, Jonathan

    2016-12-01

    There is limited research on trade-offs in demand between manual and voice interfaces of embedded and portable technologies. Mehler et al. identified differences in driving performance, visual engagement and workload between two contrasting embedded vehicle system designs (Chevrolet MyLink and Volvo Sensus). The current study extends this work by comparing these embedded systems with a smartphone (Samsung Galaxy S4). None of the voice interfaces eliminated visual demand. Relative to placing calls manually, both embedded voice interfaces resulted in less eyes-off-road time than the smartphone. Errors were most frequent when calling contacts using the smartphone. The smartphone and MyLink allowed addresses to be entered using compound voice commands resulting in shorter eyes-off-road time compared with the menu-based Sensus but with many more errors. Driving performance and physiological measures indicated increased demand when performing secondary tasks relative to 'just driving', but were not significantly different between the smartphone and embedded systems. Practitioner Summary: The findings show that embedded system and portable device voice interfaces place fewer visual demands on the driver than manual interfaces, but they also underscore how differences in system designs can significantly affect not only the demands placed on drivers, but also the successful completion of tasks.

  12. The role of grassroots efforts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sexton, C. [Plug-in America, El Segundo, CA (United States)

    2007-07-01

    This presentation chronicled the demise of the electric vehicle, despite the fact that zero emissions vehicles (ZEVs) avoid significant emissions of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxide. It provided information on ZEVs and plug-in electric hybrid's (PHEVs) with particular reference to the volume of avoided emissions. Photographs of several types of electric vehicles developed over the years were provided along with the number of electric vehicles made, leased and crushed at General Motors, Ford, and Toyota. Plug-in America partners in the city of Austin, Texas gathered over 8,000 soft fleet orders and signed on 74 American cities with orders pending. A new vehicle, the 2010 Chevy Volt was illustrated and presented. Other new competitors were also displayed in photographs, including Toyota Prius, Volvo Recharge, Ford Escape, Daimler Sprinter, Mitsubishi Miev, Saturn Vue, Audi Metroproject, Daimler Smart, and Nissan Mixim. The presentation also described a partnership between Ford and Southern California Edison Company to evaluate the complete energy system impacts of fully certified PHEVs on the utility grid. The presentation also noted that Fisker has also planned for 15,000 units a year at a cost of under $100,000. PHEVs are popular in literacy circles and several books were noted and illustrated in the presentation. Last, the presentation discussed policy with respect to electric vehicles. tabs., figs.

  13. Oxygen sensor equipped engine operation on methanol/gasoline blends and phase separation problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Last, A J; Lawson, A; Simmons, E W; Mackay, D; Tsang, M; Maund, G B

    1980-01-01

    A study was made to address problems related to Canadian utilization of methanol/gasoline blends. These problems are: (1) cold weather operation; (2) water sensitivity to phase separation in winter; (3) vehicle compatibility: fuel/air ratio control, flexibility for vehicle movement outside of areas where methanol might be available. Specifically, the operation of the HydroShear (an in-line hydraulic emulsifier) on the two separated phases of a methanol/gasoline/water blend was examined. Fuel maps, by engine dynamometer testing, were generated using methanol/gasoline blends containing 15% to 65% methanol. The capability of an oxygen sensor, located in the exhaust system, to control the fuel/air ratio was found to be adequate within the 15% to 65% methanol/gasoline blends. A fuel injected Volvo 244DL with lambda-sond emission control and a carburetted Chevrolet Monza with 3-way catalyst closed loop feedback emission control system were the two engines selected for this study.

  14. Performance of an Additional Task During Level 2 Automated Driving: An On-Road Study Comparing Drivers With and Without Experience With Partial Automation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solís-Marcos, Ignacio; Ahlström, Christer; Kircher, Katja

    2018-05-01

    To investigate the influence of prior experience with Level 2 automation on additional task performance during manual and Level 2 partially automated driving. Level 2 automation is now on the market, but its effects on driver behavior remain unclear. Based on previous studies, we could expect an increase in drivers' engagement in secondary tasks during Level 2 automated driving, but it is yet unknown how drivers will integrate all the ongoing demands in such situations. Twenty-one drivers (12 without, 9 with Level 2 automation experience) drove on a highway manually and with Level 2 automation (exemplified by Volvo Pilot Assist generation 2; PA2) while performing an additional task. In half of the conditions, the task could be interrupted (self-paced), and in the other half, it could not (system-paced). Drivers' visual attention, additional task performance, and other compensatory strategies were analyzed. Driving with PA2 led to decreased scores in the additional task and more visual attention to the dashboard. In the self-paced condition, all drivers looked more to the task and perceived a lower mental demand. The drivers experienced with PA2 used the system and the task more than the novice group and performed more overtakings. The additional task interfered more with Level 2 automation than with manual driving. The drivers, particularly the automation novice drivers, used some compensatory strategies. Automation designers need to consider these potential effects in the development of future automated systems.

  15. Nelikvedu alt ei vea / Jussa Nieminen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nieminen, Jussa

    2016-01-01

    Võrdlustestis talveauto 2016: Audi A4 Lim. 2,0 TDI Quattro S tronic, BMW X1 xDrive20d A, Fiat 500X 2,0 140 MJet AWD AT Cross, Ford S-Max 2,0 TDCi 180 hj PowerShift Titanium AWD, Hyundai Tucson 1,6 T-GDI 7DCT Style, Kia Sportage 1,6T GT-Line 7DCT, Land Rover Discovery Sport 2,0 TD4 180 HSE A, Mazda CX-3 2,0 Skyactiv-G AWD Premium Plus AT, Mercedes-Benz GLC 250 d 4Matic, Renault Kadjar 1,6 dCi 4×4 Bose, Škoda Superb Combi 2,0 TDI SCR DSG 4×4 L&K, Ssangyong Korando D20 AWD 6AT, Subaru Levorg 1,6i GT-N CVT, Suzuki Vitara 1,4 Boosterjet 4WD S 6MT, Volvo V60 Cross Country D4 AWD Inscription A Võrdluseks esiveoline: Toyota Auris Touring Sports1,8 Hybrid e-CVT Active

  16. FE-Simulation Of Hemming In The Automotive Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sigvant, Mats; Mattiasson, Kjell

    2005-01-01

    This paper summarizes and presents the most important results from a research project on FE simulation of hemming carried out at Volvo Cars Body Components and Chalmers University of Technology. In the automotive industry, hemming is used to join two sheet metal panels by bending the flange of the outer panel over the inner one. The final goal of the project was to simulate all of the hemming steps of production parts. In order to make three-dimensional simulations of hemming possible within reasonable simulation times, it is necessary to use shell elements and not solid elements. On the other hand, the radius of curvature of the outer part in the folded area is very small, normally of the same order of magnitude as the sheet thickness. This fact raises the question if shell elements are applicable in FE simulation of hemming. One part of the project was therefore a thorough investigation of the order of magnitude of the errors resulting from the use of shell elements in FE simulation of hemming. Another part of the project was devoted to three-dimensional simulations of the hemming of an automotive hood. The influence on the roll-in from several parameters, such as shell element formulation, adhesives, and anisotropy was studied. Finally, results from a forming simulation were also mapped to the flanging and hemming models in order to study the influence from the stamping of the outer panel on the roll-in

  17. Analysis of connection element classes and locations and of some structural requirements for the mounting of different superstructure types on transport vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Đ. Majkić

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the basic requirements for transport vehicles. A special request regarding the adaptation of transport vehicles for the transport of various types of cargo was taken into consideration. Superstructures and the situation arising after mounting superstructures on wheeled transport vehicles were analyzed and the following was described: console coupling, stirrups, simplex elastic coupling, two-way elastic and rigid connection elements. Vehicle torsional elasticity is provided by a proper choice of the type of connection between the superstructure and the vehicle chassis. Applying the instructions of vehicle manufacturers for using appropriate connections between the truck superstructure and the vehicle chassis provides positive torsional elasticity of the vehicle. The paper gives the general recommendations of the Volvo, Mercedes and Renault transport vehicle producers for the use of particular connection types of locations as well as structural requirements for the mounting of concrete mixers, tippers and truck tanks on their vehicles. Introduction Achieving a high level of transport effectiveness depends on a number of factors. One of the most important ones is the possibility to increase the payload share in the gross vehicle weight. This share depends on the net vehicle weight, a method of coupling the truck superstructure with the chassis frame as well as on the truck superstructure construction. Realization of this requirement is of significant importance, particularly for large business systems since it results in the reduction of number of necessary vehicles, more economic fleet maintenance and the fleet capacity increase. It is also relatively easy to adapt the vehicle for the transportation of other loads, depending on user's current needs. The adaptation is correctly performed if manufacturer's recommendations are followed during the mounting of the superstructure on the chassis. This paper gives the analysis of the

  18. Avaliação ergonômica do posto de trabalho de modelos de "forwarder" e "skidder" Ergonomic evaluation of the workstation of forwarder and skidder models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Fontana

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available O processo de mecanização florestal no Brasil envolve, muitas vezes, o uso de máquinas adaptadas ou importadas de países com operadores com diferentes características antropométricas. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo realizar a avaliação ergonômica da cabine de seis modelos de máquinas florestais utilizadas na extração de madeira (quatro "forwarders" e dois "skidders", quanto ao posicionamento de comandos e instrumentos, com base nas características antropométricas de um conjunto de operadores brasileiros. Foram estudados os seguintes tratores: "forwarders" Timberjack modelos 1210B e 1710D, Valmet 890.2 e Volvo A25C, além dos "skidders" Caterpillar 545 e Tigercat 630 B. Para avaliação do posicionamento dos órgãos de comando foram determinadas as distâncias destes mesmos a partir do Ponto de Referência do Assento nas três dimensões (x, y e z, além de uma avaliação qualitativa com os operadores dos tratores florestais em estudo, que, através de notas, manifestaram sua satisfação com relação à localização dos comandos e outras variáveis ergonômicas. A avaliação antropométrica dos operadores foi feita por duas medidas, uma em pé e outra por meio de uma cadeira especial desenvolvida pela Fundacentro, obtendo-se, a partir dela, as áreas de máximo e ótimo acesso quanto à localização dos órgãos de comando. Concluiu-se que a melhor máquina, quanto ao posicionamento de comandos, foi o "forwarder" Valmet 890.2, seguido pelo "skidder" Caterpillar 545, sendo os únicos tratores que apresentaram mais da metade dos comandos bem posicionados, 66,7 e 54,5%, respectivamente. Os resultados deste estudo demonstraram um projeto ergonômico da disposição de comandos nas cabines dos tratores florestais não muito favorável ao conjunto de operadores brasileiros analisados.The logging mechanization process in Brazil means, most of the time, the use of adapted or imported machines from countries where the operators

  19. Structural strengthening of rocket nozzle extension by means of laser metal deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honoré, M.; Brox, L.; Hallberg, M.

    2012-03-01

    Commercial space operations strive to maximize the payload per launch in order to minimize the costs of each kg launched into orbit; this yields demand for ever larger launchers with larger, more powerful rocket engines. Volvo Aero Corporation in collaboration with Snecma and Astrium has designed and tested a new, upgraded Nozzle extension for the Vulcain 2 engine configuration, denoted Vulcain 2+ NE Demonstrator The manufacturing process for the welding of the sandwich wall and the stiffening structure is developed in close cooperation with FORCE Technology. The upgrade is intended to be available for future development programs for the European Space Agency's (ESA) highly successful commercial launch vehicle, the ARIANE 5. The Vulcain 2+ Nozzle Extension Demonstrator [1] features a novel, thin-sheet laser-welded configuration, with laser metal deposition built-up 3D-features for the mounting of stiffening structure, flanges and for structural strengthening, in order to cope with the extreme load- and thermal conditions, to which the rocket nozzle extension is exposed during launch of the 750 ton ARIANE 5 launcher. Several millimeters of material thickness has been deposited by laser metal deposition without disturbing the intricate flow geometry of the nozzle cooling channels. The laser metal deposition process has been applied on a full-scale rocket nozzle demonstrator, and in excess of 15 kilometers of filler wire has been successfully applied to the rocket nozzle. The laser metal deposition has proven successful in two full-throttle, full-scale tests, firing the rocket engine and nozzle in the ESA test facility P5 by DLR in Lampoldshausen, Germany.

  20. Backset and cervical retraction capacity among occupants in a modern car.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonsson, Bertil; Stenlund, Hans; Svensson, Mats Y; Björnstig, Ulf

    2007-03-01

    The horizontal distance between the back of the head and the frontal of the head restraint (backset) and rearward head movement relative to the torso (cervical retraction) were studied in different occupant postures and positions in a modern car. A stratified randomized population of 154 test subjects was studied in a Volvo V70 year model 2003 car, in driver, front passenger, and rear passenger position. In each position, the subjects adopted (i) a self-selected posture, (ii) a sagging posture, and (iii) an erect posture. Cervical retraction, backset, and vertical distance from the top of the head restraint to the occipital protuberance in the back of the head of the test subject were measured. These data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and linear regression analysis with a significance level set to p self-selected posture, the average backset was 61 mm for drivers, 29 mm for front passengers, and 103 mm for rear passengers (p self-selected driving position. Backset was larger and cervical retraction capacity lower in the sagging posture than in the self-selected posture for occupants in all three occupant positions. Rear passengers had the largest backset values. Backset values decreased with increased age. The average cervical retraction capacity in self-selected posture was 35 mm for drivers, 30 mm for front passengers, and 33 mm for rear passengers (p < 0.001). Future design of rear-end impact protection may take these study results into account when trying to reduce backset before impact. Our results might be used for future development and use of BioRID manikins and rear-end tests in consumer rating test programs such as Euro-NCAP.

  1. Injury severity assessment for car occupants in frontal impacts, using disability scaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norin, H; Krafft, M; Korner, J; Nygren, A; Tingvall, C

    1997-01-01

    Injury classification and assessment is one of the most important fields of injury prevention. At present, injury assessment focuses primarily on the risk of fatalities, in spite of the fact that most people who are injured survive the trauma. The net result of a fatality-based approach is that safety and vehicle engineers must make decisions with an incomplete, and sometimes misleading, picture of the traffic safety problem. By applying disability scaling reflecting long-term consequences to injury data, the most significant disabling injuries can be identified. The priorities change with the level of disability used in the scaling. In this study, the risk of permanent medical disability due to different injuries was derived and linked to abbreviated injury scale (AIS) values for 24,087 different injured body regions. This material is based on insurance data. To study how the importance of different bodily injuries changes with different severity assessments in a realistic real-world injury distribution, Swedish insurance industry disability scaling was applied to 3066 cases of belted Volvo drivers involved in frontal collisions. Crash severity was included in the study by using equivalent barrier speed (EBS). When lower levels of disability are included, injuries to the neck and the extremities become the most important, while brain and skull injuries become the most prominent at higher levels of disability. The results presented in this article should be regarded as a contribution to the development of a suitable disability scaling method. The results can also be utilized to further injury research and vehicle design aimed at reducing injuries which have the most important long-term disability consequences.

  2. Engine design optimization for running on ethanol with low emissions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gjirja, S [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Gothenburg (Sweden). Dept. of Thermo- and Fluid Dynamics

    1996-05-01

    The aim of this project was to optimize the Volvo AH10A245 engine design parameters for ethanol fuel with Beraid (Trade mark of the ignition improver manufactured by the Akzo Nobel Surface Chemistry AB). The method used was engine testing with variation of design, performance, and other functional parameters, which affect the engine thermodynamics, and exhaust gas composition. The first design parameter, which was tested and optimized was the compression ratio, which was optimized at the ratio of 23:1. In order to prevail the fuel spray impingement, which might affect the unburned or partially burned emissions (CO), the combustion chamber was redesigned to a straight-side wall bowl in piston. Furthermore, the injector position was optimized by means of lifting or descending it few millimeters. The best emission levels was achieved with the injector lift of 1.00 mm. The inlet air temperature was optimized for lower emissions by removing the intercooler thermostat. Injector nozzles with different cross section areas of holes were tested, and the 6 holes injector nozzles with smaller cross sectional area, compared with base nozzles, were selected. The engine performance was maintained for lower engine rated speed 2000 (instead of 2200 rpm for conventional engine) and lower intermediate speed 1250 (instead of 1320 rpm for conventional engine). Such engine performance optimization was followed by the improved specific fuel consumption, and lower emissions compared with conventional speeds. The backpressure governor, desperately needed during the first phase of engine design optimization was, finally avoided. It can only be used as in the conventional diesel engine. 7 refs, 26 figs, 18 tabs, 7 appendices

  3. The Thai Business Initiative in Rural Development (TBIRD): a new dimension in rural development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viravaidya, M

    1990-04-01

    The Population and Community Development Association (PDA) promotes family planning (FP) throughout Thailand through a community-based approach. The Thai government actively supports rural development. In 1986, 80% of Thailand's people who lived below the poverty line were in rural areas. The poverty line in rural areas is an annual per capita income of 3823 baht, or US $153; in urban areas, it is more. Since 1984, Thailand's gross domestic product (GDP) has increased by more than 50%. Per capita GDP has risen dramatically, also, with the success of FP efforts. This economic achievement, however, has not been shared by most of the Thai population. Incomes in the agriculture sector are far below those in the nonagricultural sector. The government and the nonprofit organizations, however, do not have skills. The corporate sector does have these skills. The Thailand Business Initiative in Rural Development (TBIRD) helps companies sponsor villages and aids them in developing business skills, whereupon income levels and local living standards are improved. Companies thus help in the employment transfer from agriculture to nonagriculture. There is a "one-company-one- village" formula. Company employees have the skills needed in the villages. They are directly involved. Since 1988, PDA has been working with companies in Thailand to help villages develop business skills. In Saraburi province, PDA and Volvo Swedish Motors have been aiding villagers to grow saplings and sell them to golf course and housing developers. In Ayutthaya Province, PDA and the same company are helping the residents with needlepoint and embroidery to supply a wedding dress manufacturing operation. These programs have succeeded. PDA wants to expand the program by September 1990, to include 50 companies. It is hoped that once the companies are comfortable with their relationship to the village, they will start associations with additional villages. PDA has established the "Ten Steps to Adopt a Village."

  4. Efficiency evaluation of gas fuelled and electric driven buses in the public transport sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aigner, Tobias Alexander

    2013-07-01

    The following report evaluates the efficiency of gas fuelled and electric driven buses in the public transport sector on a theoretical basis. The results indicate that the combination of CHP power plants and electric driven buses reach an overall efficiency of about 51% throughout the production chain (Well-to-Wheel), including heat distribution losses. The overall Well-to-Wheel efficiency for conventional gas turbines without heat recovery decreases to around 28%. For gas fuelled buses the Well-to-Wheel efficiency is about 30%. The Co2-emissions are evaluated based on the example of a #Left Double Quotation Mark#Volvo B10L CNG#Right Double Quotation Mark# gas bus and the electric driven #Left Double Quotation Mark#Eurabus 600#Right Double Quotation Mark#. The low energy consumption of the electric driven bus results in Co2-emissions of only 181.4 g Co2/km (Grid-to-Wheel). Depending on the utilised power plant technology the overall Co2-emissions (Well-to-Wheel) amount to 307.5 g Co2/km for a CHP power plant and 553.5 g Co2/km for a conventional gas turbine. On the other hand, gas fuelled buses emit about 1.25 kg Co2/km (Tank-to-Wheel), which is eightfold the emissions of an electrical bus. The Well-to-Tank emissions further increase to about 1.32 kg Co2/km. The emission calculation is based on real gas consumption data from a Norwegian public transport utility. The results indicate that the combination of CHP plants and electrical buses provide a much higher efficiency while reducing Co2-emissions. (author)

  5. Strategy and society: the link between competitive advantage and corporate social responsibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Michael E; Kramer, Mark R

    2006-12-01

    Governments, activists, and the media have become adept at holding companies to account for the social consequences of their actions. In response, corporate social responsibility has emerged as an inescapable priority for business leaders in every country. Frequently, though, CSR efforts are counterproductive, for two reasons. First, they pit business against society, when in reality the two are interdependent. Second, they pressure companies to think of corporate social responsibility in generic ways instead of in the way most appropriate to their individual strategies. The fact is, the prevailing approaches to CSR are so disconnected from strategy as to obscure many great opportunities for companies to benefit society. What a terrible waste. If corporations were to analyze their opportunities for social responsibility using the same frameworks that guide their core business choices, they would discover, as Whole Foods Market, Toyota, and Volvo have done, that CSR can be much more than a cost, a constraint, or a charitable deed--it can be a potent source of innovation and competitive advantage. In this article, Michael Porter and Mark Kramer propose a fundamentally new way to look at the relationship between business and society that does not treat corporate growth and social welfare as a zero-sum game. They introduce a framework that individual companies can use to identify the social consequences of their actions; to discover opportunities to benefit society and themselves by strengthening the competitive context in which they operate; to determine which CSR initiatives they should address; and to find the most effective ways of doing so. Perceiving social responsibility as an opportunity rather than as damage control or a PR campaign requires dramatically different thinking--a mind-set, the authors warn, that will become increasingly important to competitive success.

  6. Critical traffic loading for the design of prestressed concrete bridge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hassan, M.I.U.

    2009-01-01

    A study has been carried out to determine critical traffic loadings for the design of bridge superstructures. The prestressed concrete girder bridge already constructed in Lahore is selected for the analysis as an example. Standard traffic loadings according to AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials) and Pakistan Highway Standards are used for this purpose. These include (1) HL-93 Truck, (2) Lane and (3) Tandem Loadings in addition to (4) Military tank loading, (5) Class-A, (6) Class-B and (7) Class-AA loading, (8) NLC (National Logistic Cell) and (9) Volvo truck loadings. Bridge superstructure including transom beam is analyzed Using ASD and LRFD (Load and Resistance Factor Design) provisions of AASHTO specifications. For the analysis, two longer and shorter spans are selected. This includes the analysis of bridge deck; interior and exterior girder; a typical transom beam and a pier. Dead and live loading determination is carried out using both computer aided and manual calculations. Evaluation of traffic loadings is done for all the bridge components to find out the critical loading. HL-93 loading comes out to be the most critical loading and where this loading is not critical in case of bridge decks; a factor of 1.15 is introduced to make it equivalent with HL-93 -Ioading. SAP-2000 (Structural Engineering Services of Pakistan) and MS-Excel is employed for analysis of bridge superstructure subjected to this loading. Internal forces are obtained for the structural elements of the bridge for all traffic loadings mentioned. It is concluded that HL-93 loading can be used for the design of prestressed concrete girder bridge. Bridge design authorities like NHA (National Highway Authority) and different cities development authorities are using different standard traffic loadings. A number of suggestions are made from the results of the research work related to traffic loadings and method of design. These recommendations may be

  7. Profitable use of bio fuels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ekelund, Mats [Strateco Develoment AB, Vega (Sweden)], e-mail: mats.e@strateco.se

    2012-11-01

    Traditionally, the transportation industry has been opposed to any new legislation and when rather stringent emission legislation occurred, they objected just as they did when new fuels came on the agenda. On very short notice, Taxi Stockholm lost 20 % of their business when the County decided to award all public transportation contracts to a competitor. It was time to change plans instead of complaining and to take advantage of new opportunities - 'The first mover advantage'. Making the use of bio fuels into a profitable business takes a change of a standard 'business model' to do and there is still much room others to do the same. With a new CEO, an active marketing department and active individuals among the Board of Directors, Taxi Stockholm massaged a strategy where more business and private customers would be attracted by justifying the green leaf on every cab. All initiatives were publically announced and Taxi Stockholm broke new ice by putting a ban on spike tires - a decision which the vice Mayor made part of her ruling for the whole city. The Ban on gasoline and diesel cars were announced and such a statement attracted business from a loyalty point of view and from companies that had a 'Green Transport Policy' to live up to. Taxi Stockholm has seen growth and profitability grow since and credit the green policy on bio fuels such as bio gas and ethanol for most of it. Preem, Stockholm Transit, Volvo and other market driven operators have all seen markets grow from green initiatives.

  8. The effectiveness of lane departure warning systems-A reduction in real-world passenger car injury crashes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternlund, Simon; Strandroth, Johan; Rizzi, Matteo; Lie, Anders; Tingvall, Claes

    2017-02-17

    The objective of this study was to estimate the safety benefits of in vehicle lane departure warning (LDW) and lane keeping aid (LKA) systems in reducing relevant real-world passenger car injury crashes. The study used an induced exposure method, where LDW/LKA-sensitive and nonsensitive crashes were compared for Volvo passenger cars equipped with and without LDW/LKA systems. These crashes were matched by car make, model, model year, and technical equipment; that is, low-speed autonomous emergency braking (AEB) called City Safety (CS). The data were extracted from the Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition database (STRADA) and consisted of 1,853 driver injury crashes that involved 146 LDW-equipped cars, 11 LKA-equipped cars, and 1,696 cars without LDW/LKA systems. The analysis showed a positive effect of the LDW/LKA systems in reducing lane departure crashes. The LDW/LKA systems were estimated to reduce head-on and single-vehicle injury crashes on Swedish roads with speed limits between 70 and 120 km/h and with dry or wet road surfaces (i.e., not covered by ice or snow) by 53% with a lower limit of 11% (95% confidence interval [CI]). This reduction corresponded to a reduction of 30% with a lower limit of 6% (95% CI) for all head-on and single-vehicle driver injury crashes (including all speed limits and all road surface conditions). LDW/LKA systems were estimated to lower the driver injury risk in crash types that the systems are designed to prevent; that is, head-on and single-vehicle crashes. Though these are important findings, they were based on a small data set. Therefore, further research is desirable to evaluate the effectiveness of LDW/LKA systems under real-world conditions and to differentiate the effectiveness between technical solutions (i.e., LDW and LKA) proposed by different manufacturers.

  9. Numerical simulation of reacting and non-reacting flow in a combustion chamber; Numerisk simulering av reagerande och icke-reagerande stroemning i en braennkammare

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borg, A.; Revstedt, J.

    1996-04-01

    The purpose of this work has been to do a preliminary study of how well numerical calculations with different turbulence models can predict the flow and temperature fields of a strongly swirling and combusting flow in an experimental combustion chamber and to see which parameters in the mathematical model are the most important. The combustion chamber on which we have done the calculations is called Validation Rig II and was designed by Volvo Aero Corporation. The main part of the study has been carried out on a non-reacting flow but some work has also been done on reacting flow. In most cases it has not been meaningful to compare the calculations with the measurements because they differ quite a lot from each other. For the non-reacting case the following investigations have been made: * How the solution differs for different turbulence models, * The solutions sensitivity to inlet boundary conditions, * How different types of leakage disturb the flow, and * The difference in results between two different CFD-codes, the commercial code CFDS-Flow3D and a code developed at the department of fluid mechanics. For the reacting cases we have studied the influence of: * one or two reaction steps, * the effects of a change in reaction rate, * the influence of thermal radiation, and * the effects of changing the boundary conditions for temperature on the walls. The results from these calculations show that the inlet turbulence intensity has very little effect on the values of the turbulent quantities as well as the velocity profiles at the outlet. Changing the turbulence model or the outlet boundary conditions gives some change in velocity profiles at the outlet but only marginal effects on the swirl number. 21 refs, 54 figs, 19 tabs

  10. From prototype to product. The development of low emission natural gas- and biogas buses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ekelund, M. [Strateco Development AB, Haninge (Sweden)

    1998-01-01

    The objective of this report is to show the development of natural gas and bio gas buses and trucks since the termination of the `Co-Nordic GasBus Project`, to which KFB was a major contributor and one of the initiators. Sweden have some 325 heavy duty methane vehicles of which almost 100 are bio gas operated. Scania and Volvo have produced, or have orders for, 500 gas buses to 6 different countries since 1990. The Project objectives were obtained and the significantly reduced emission levels aimed for, were shown. The international bus manufacturing industry followed, and have since shown the same low levels of emissions from gas bus engines. Sweden has taken the lead in the use of bio gas, by operating nearly 100 buses and trucks. Bio gas is still an underestimated fuel when it comes to supply, as it can provide fuel for 50% of the domestic use of diesel oil. Future development need to include control systems for more stable emissions, lower weight cylinders, less costly compressors, cleaning equipment and storage cylinders as well as more fuel efficient engines that can reduce mainly the discharge of CO2, NOx and CH4 further. Societal costs, regardless of who pays, for methane operated buses is still somewhat higher compared with best use of diesel + CRT technology. As commercialization develops, it is expected that the price of the vehicle will be reduced and emissions improved. It is therefore expected that the stake holders costs will be lower then that of diesel technology in the future

  11. Crash protectiveness to occupant injury and vehicle damage: An investigation on major car brands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Helai; Li, Chunyang; Zeng, Qiang

    2016-01-01

    This study sets out to investigate vehicles' crash protectiveness on occupant injury and vehicle damage, which can be deemed as an extension of the traditional crash worthiness. A Bayesian bivariate hierarchical ordered logistic (BVHOL) model is developed to estimate the occupant protectiveness (OP) and vehicle protectiveness (VP) of 23 major car brands in Florida, with considering vehicles' crash aggressivity and controlling external factors. The proposed model not only takes over the strength of the existing hierarchical ordered logistic (HOL) model, i.e. specifying the order characteristics of crash outcomes and cross-crash heterogeneities, but also accounts for the correlation between the two crash responses, driver injury and vehicle damage. A total of 7335 two-vehicle-crash records with 14,670 cars involved in Florida are used for the investigation. From the estimation results, it's found that most of the luxury cars such as Cadillac, Volvo and Lexus possess excellent OP and VP while some brands such as KIA and Saturn perform very badly in both aspects. The ranks of the estimated safety performance indices are even compared to the counterparts in Huang et al. study [Huang, H., Hu, S., Abdel-Aty, M., 2014. Indexing crash worthiness and crash aggressivity by major car brands. Safety Science 62, 339-347]. The results show that the rank of occupant protectiveness index (OPI) is relatively coherent with that of crash worthiness index, but the ranks of crash aggressivity index in both studies is more different from each other. Meanwhile, a great discrepancy between the OPI rank and that of vehicle protectiveness index is found. What's more, the results of control variables and hyper-parameters estimation as well as comparison to HOL models with separate or identical threshold errors, demonstrate the validity and advancement of the proposed model and the robustness of the estimated OP and VP. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Effects of combined dimension reduction and tabulation on the simulations of a turbulent premixed flame using a large-eddy simulation/probability density function method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jeonglae; Pope, Stephen B.

    2014-05-01

    A turbulent lean-premixed propane-air flame stabilised by a triangular cylinder as a flame-holder is simulated to assess the accuracy and computational efficiency of combined dimension reduction and tabulation of chemistry. The computational condition matches the Volvo rig experiments. For the reactive simulation, the Lagrangian Large-Eddy Simulation/Probability Density Function (LES/PDF) formulation is used. A novel two-way coupling approach between LES and PDF is applied to obtain resolved density to reduce its statistical fluctuations. Composition mixing is evaluated by the modified Interaction-by-Exchange with the Mean (IEM) model. A baseline case uses In Situ Adaptive Tabulation (ISAT) to calculate chemical reactions efficiently. Its results demonstrate good agreement with the experimental measurements in turbulence statistics, temperature, and minor species mass fractions. For dimension reduction, 11 and 16 represented species are chosen and a variant of Rate Controlled Constrained Equilibrium (RCCE) is applied in conjunction with ISAT to each case. All the quantities in the comparison are indistinguishable from the baseline results using ISAT only. The combined use of RCCE/ISAT reduces the computational time for chemical reaction by more than 50%. However, for the current turbulent premixed flame, chemical reaction takes only a minor portion of the overall computational cost, in contrast to non-premixed flame simulations using LES/PDF, presumably due to the restricted manifold of purely premixed flame in the composition space. Instead, composition mixing is the major contributor to cost reduction since the mean-drift term, which is computationally expensive, is computed for the reduced representation. Overall, a reduction of more than 15% in the computational cost is obtained.

  13. On the Role of Chemical Kinetics Modeling in the LES of Premixed Bluff Body and Backward-Facing Step Combustors

    KAUST Repository

    Chakroun, Nadim W.

    2017-01-05

    Recirculating flows in the wake of a bluff body, behind a sudden expansion or down-stream of a swirler, are pivotal for anchoring a flame and expanding the stability range. The size and structure of these recirculation zones and the accurate prediction of the length of these zones is a very important characteristic that computational simulations should have. Large eddy simulation (LES) techniques with an appropriate combustion model and reaction mechanism afford a balance between computational complexity and predictive accuracy. In this study, propane/air mixtures were simulated in a bluff-body stabilized combustor based on the Volvo test case and also in a backward-facing step combustor. The main goal is to investigate the role of the chemical mechanism and the accuracy of estimating the extinction strain rate on the prediction of important ow features such as recirculation zones. Two 2-step mechanisms were employed, one which gave reasonable extinction strain rates and another modi ed 2-step mechanism where it grossly over-predicted the values. This modified mechanism under-predicted recirculation zone lengths compared to the original mechanism and had worse agreement with experiments in both geometries. While the recirculation zone lengths predicted by both reduced mechanisms in the step combustor scale linearly with the extinction strain rate, the scaling curves do not match experimental results as none of the simpli ed mechanisms produce extinction strain rates that are consistent with those predicted by the comprehensive mechanisms. We conclude that it is very important that a chemical mechanism is able to correctly predict extinction strain rates if it is to be used in CFD simulations.

  14. Fatigue properties of dissimilar metal laser welded lap joints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinsley, Christopher Paul

    This work involves laser welding austenitic and duplex stainless steel to zinc-coated mild steel, more specifically 1.2mm V1437, which is a Volvo Truck Coiporation rephosphorised mild steel. The work investigates both tensile and lap shear properties of similar and dissimilar metal laser welded butt and lap joints, with the majority of the investigation concentrating on the fatigue properties of dissimilar metal laser welded lap joints. The problems encountered when laser welding zinc-coated steel are addressed and overcome with regard to dissimilar metal lap joints with stainless steel. The result being the production of a set of guidelines for laser welding stainless steel to zinc-coated mild steel. The stages of laser welded lap joint fatigue life are defined and the factors affecting dissimilar metal laser welded lap joint fatigue properties are analysed and determined; the findings suggesting that dissimilar metal lap joint fatigue properties are primarily controlled by the local stress at the internal lap face and the early crack growth rate of the material at the internal lap face. The lap joint rotation, in turn, is controlled by sheet thickness, weld width and interfacial gap. Laser welded lap joint fatigue properties are found to be independent of base material properties, allowing dissimilar metal lap joints to be produced without fatigue failure occurring preferentially in the weaker parent material, irrespective of large base material property differences. The effects of Marangoni flow on the compositions of the laser weld beads are experimentally characterised. The results providing definite proof of the stirring mechanism within the weld pool through the use of speeds maps for chromium and nickel. Keywords: Laser welding, dissimilar metal, Zinc-coated mild steel, Austenitic stainless steel, Duplex stainless steel, Fatigue, Lap joint rotation, Automotive.

  15. COMPETITIVE PRESSURE SYSTEMS MAPPING IN THE BRAZILIAN TRUCK MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Costa da Cruz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The automotive business in Brazil achieved 10% of the industry revenue and 6% of the formal employment by 2008. The commercial vehicle segment concentrated so far eight truck makers that experienced their best market figures in 2008, the economy crisis in 2009, and an extraordinary recovery in 2010. Government tax reduction programs as well as special financing incentives were undoubtedly decisive to re-stimulate the business during the crisis. Positive Brazilian perspectives with the boom in the agricultural, oil and gas, mining and infrastructure activities plus the coming sports events call the attention of new players that are quickly implementing different business strategies to become part of the game. New emission regulations starting from 2012 also bring uncertainties, challenges and opportunities. With the growing globalization and market concentration it's critical for any industry understand and minimize the forces of competitive pressures. The main goal of this paper, therefore, is to contribute to the academy with an alternative approach of strategic and behavioral analysis of rivalry and competition different than the five forces model of Porter. Ford, Iveco, MAN, Mercedes-Benz, Scania and Volvo were assessed from 2008 to 2010 within three main performance indicators – unit sales, gross revenues and operating profits – supporting the elaboration of the competitive pressure systems mapping model of D'aveni, including a hypothetical future scenario with a new entrant and the potential impacts in the system. Main findings and results portray the asymmetrical strategic behavior of competitors and the temporary dynamic stability in the Brazilian truck industry.

  16. Construction of combustion models for rapeseed methyl ester bio-diesel fuel for internal combustion engine applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golovitchev, Valeri I; Yang, Junfeng

    2009-01-01

    Bio-diesel fuels are non-petroleum-based diesel fuels consisting of long chain alkyl esters produced by the transesterification of vegetable oils, that are intended for use (neat or blended with conventional fuels) in unmodified diesel engines. There have been few reports of studies proposing theoretical models for bio-diesel combustion simulations. In this study, we developed combustion models based on ones developed previously. We compiled the liquid fuel properties, and the existing detailed mechanism of methyl butanoate ester (MB, C(5)H(10)O(2)) oxidation was supplemented by sub-mechanisms for two proposed fuel constituent components, C(7)H(16) and C(7)H(8)O (and then, by mp2d, C(4)H(6)O(2) and propyne, C(3)H(4)) to represent the combustion model for rapeseed methyl ester described by the chemical formula, C(19)H(34)O(2) (or C(19)H(36)O(2)). The main fuel vapor thermal properties were taken as those of methyl palmitate C(19)H(36)O(2) in the NASA polynomial form of the Burcat database. The special global reaction was introduced to "crack" the main fuel into its constituent components. This general reaction included 309 species and 1472 reactions, including soot and NO(x) formation processes. The detailed combustion mechanism was validated using shock-tube ignition-delay data under diesel engine conditions. For constant volume and diesel engine (Volvo D12C) combustion modeling, this mechanism could be reduced to 88 species participating in 363 reactions.

  17. Impact of Paint Color on Rest Period Climate Control Loads in Long-Haul Trucks: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lustbader, J.; Kreutzer, C.; Jeffers, M.; Adelman, S.; Yeakel, S.; Brontz, P.; Olson, K.; Ohlinger, J.

    2014-02-01

    Cab climate conditioning is one of the primary reasons for operating the main engine in a long-haul truck during driver rest periods. In the United States, sleeper cab trucks use approximately 667 million gallons of fuel annually for rest period idling. The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) CoolCab Project works closely with industry to design efficient thermal management systems for long-haul trucks that minimize engine idling and fuel use while maintaining occupant comfort. Heat transfer to the vehicle interior from opaque exterior surfaces is one of the major heat pathways that contribute to air conditioning loads during long-haul truck daytime rest period idling. To quantify the impact of paint color and the opportunity for advanced paints, NREL collaborated with Volvo Group North America, PPG Industries, and Dometic Environmental Corporation. Initial screening simulations using CoolCalc, NREL's rapid HVAC load estimation tool, showed promising air-conditioning load reductions due to paint color selection. Tests conducted at NREL's Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility using long-haul truck cab sections, 'test bucks,' showed a 31.1% of maximum possible reduction in rise over ambient temperature and a 20.8% reduction in daily electric air conditioning energy use by switching from black to white paint. Additionally, changing from blue to an advanced color-matched solar reflective blue paint resulted in a 7.3% reduction in daily electric air conditioning energy use for weather conditions tested in Colorado. National-level modeling results using weather data from major U.S. cities indicated that the increase in heating loads due to lighter paint colors is much smaller than the reduction in cooling loads.

  18. Recognising safety critical events: can automatic video processing improve naturalistic data analyses?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dozza, Marco; González, Nieves Pañeda

    2013-11-01

    New trends in research on traffic accidents include Naturalistic Driving Studies (NDS). NDS are based on large scale data collection of driver, vehicle, and environment information in real world. NDS data sets have proven to be extremely valuable for the analysis of safety critical events such as crashes and near crashes. However, finding safety critical events in NDS data is often difficult and time consuming. Safety critical events are currently identified using kinematic triggers, for instance searching for deceleration below a certain threshold signifying harsh braking. Due to the low sensitivity and specificity of this filtering procedure, manual review of video data is currently necessary to decide whether the events identified by the triggers are actually safety critical. Such reviewing procedure is based on subjective decisions, is expensive and time consuming, and often tedious for the analysts. Furthermore, since NDS data is exponentially growing over time, this reviewing procedure may not be viable anymore in the very near future. This study tested the hypothesis that automatic processing of driver video information could increase the correct classification of safety critical events from kinematic triggers in naturalistic driving data. Review of about 400 video sequences recorded from the events, collected by 100 Volvo cars in the euroFOT project, suggested that drivers' individual reaction may be the key to recognize safety critical events. In fact, whether an event is safety critical or not often depends on the individual driver. A few algorithms, able to automatically classify driver reaction from video data, have been compared. The results presented in this paper show that the state of the art subjective review procedures to identify safety critical events from NDS can benefit from automated objective video processing. In addition, this paper discusses the major challenges in making such video analysis viable for future NDS and new potential

  19. Experiences of model year 2011 Dodge and Jeep owners with collision avoidance and related technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cicchino, Jessica B; McCartt, Anne T

    2015-01-01

    Crash avoidance technologies have the potential to prevent or mitigate many crashes, but their effectiveness depends on drivers' acceptance and proper use. Owners of 2011 Dodge Charger, Dodge Durango, and Jeep Grand Cherokee vehicles were interviewed about their experiences with their vehicles' technologies. Interviews were conducted in April 2013 with 215 owners of Dodge and Jeep vehicles with adaptive cruise control and forward collision warning and 215 owners with blind spot monitoring and rear cross-path detection. Most owners said that they always keep each collision avoidance technology turned on, and more than 90% of owners with each system would want the technology again on their next vehicle. The majority believed that the systems had helped prevent a collision; this ranged from 54% of drivers with forward collision warning to more than three-quarters with blind spot monitoring and rear cross-path detection. Some owners reported behavioral changes with the systems, but over-reliance on them is not prevalent. Reported use of the systems varied by the age and gender of the driver and duration of vehicle ownership to a greater degree than in previous surveys of luxury Volvo and Infiniti vehicles with collision avoidance technologies. Notably, drivers aged 40 and younger were most likely to report that forward collision warning had alerted them multiple times and that it had prevented a collision and that they follow the vehicle ahead less closely with adaptive cruise control. Reports of waiting for the alert from forward collision warning before braking were infrequent but increased with duration of ownership. However, these reports could reflect confusion of the system with adaptive cruise control, which alerts drivers when braking is necessary to maintain a preset speed or following distance but a crash is not imminent. Consistent with previous surveys of luxury vehicle owners with collision avoidance technologies, acceptance and use remains high among

  20. Effectiveness of forward collision warning and autonomous emergency braking systems in reducing front-to-rear crash rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cicchino, Jessica B

    2017-02-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of forward collision warning (FCW) alone, a low-speed autonomous emergency braking (AEB) system operational at speeds up to 19mph that does not warn the driver prior to braking, and FCW with AEB that operates at higher speeds in reducing front-to-rear crashes and injuries. Poisson regression was used to compare rates of police-reported crash involvements per insured vehicle year in 22 U.S. states during 2010-2014 between passenger vehicle models with FCW alone or with AEB and the same models where the optional systems were not purchased, controlling for other factors affecting crash risk. Similar analyses compared rates between Volvo 2011-2012 model S60 and 2010-2012 model XC60 vehicles with a standard low-speed AEB system to those of other luxury midsize cars and SUVs, respectively, without the system. FCW alone, low-speed AEB, and FCW with AEB reduced rear-end striking crash involvement rates by 27%, 43%, and 50%, respectively. Rates of rear-end striking crash involvements with injuries were reduced by 20%, 45%, and 56%, respectively, by FCW alone, low-speed AEB, and FCW with AEB, and rates of rear-end striking crash involvements with third-party injuries were reduced by 18%, 44%, and 59%, respectively. Reductions in rear-end striking crashes with third-party injuries were marginally significant for FCW alone, and all other reductions were statistically significant. FCW alone and low-speed AEB reduced rates of being rear struck in rear-end crashes by 13% and 12%, respectively, but FCW with AEB increased rates of rear-end struck crash involvements by 20%. Almost 1 million U.S. police-reported rear-end crashes in 2014 and more than 400,000 injuries in such crashes could have been prevented if all vehicles were equipped with FCW and AEB that perform similarly as systems did for study vehicles. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. A study of fluid flow and combustion with variable valve timing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soederberg, F

    1998-10-01

    The effects of variable valve timing (VVT) were examined by in-cylinder Laser Doppler Velocimetry flow measurements and heat-release calculations. A single-cylinder Volvo B5254 engine was used for all experiments and the valve timing was altered by phasing or exchanging the camshaft. Special cam lobes were developed for simulation of throttle-less operation. With the standard double camshaft, a tumbling flow was generated and with valve deactivation, a swirling flow was generated. The turbulence was increased with valve deactivation. This increased the combustion rate making lean burn possible. The standard camshaft with inlet valve deactivation and late cam phasing had a faster combustion at {lambda} = 1.8 than the standard camshaft with normal cam phasing at {lambda} = 1.0. Early and late inlet valve closing was used for enabling throttle-less operation. Early inlet valve closing (EIVC) generated a very slow tumble with low turbulence. Late inlet valve closing generated both very high and low turbulence. The net indicated efficiency was improved with up to 10%. Some reduction was observed for the gross indicated efficiency, due to a too large reduction in effective compression ratio. A very stable combustion was obtained for EIVC with gasoline, possibly due to a sheering flow over the inlet valves resulting in improved fuel-air preparation. Wavelet analysis was used for dividing LDV flow measurements into time and frequency resolved information. The technique rendered the same flow results as the moving window technique, but with a separation of the turbulence into different frequencies. The choice of wavelet was shown not to be crucial. The frequency resolved turbulence was studied for tumble and swirl. A tumbling flow had a larger transfer of energy from low frequency turbulence into high frequency turbulence than a swirling flow. This is caused by the tumble breakdown. A correlation against heat-release indicated that high frequency turbulence have a larger

  2. Analysis of a gas turbine driven hybrid drive system for heavy vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malmquist, Anders

    1999-07-01

    The goal of this thesis has been to analyze the performance and behavior of a gas turbine driven hybrid drive train. The thesis covers both computer simulations and experimental tests. In two case studies, a number of measurements have been made on gas turbine driven hybrid vehicles that are developed by Volvo and ABB. In the recent years, much effort is currently put into the design and analysis of hybrid drive trains. Many studies involve computer simulations, but they are often made on a general level. This thesis concentrate on gas turbine driven hybrids for heavy vehicles, a field that has previously not been covered to a large extent in academic studies. A major contribution to the field of hybrid drive train design is the development of detailed simulation models that have a close connection to hybrids that are actually built and tested. The access to detailed gas turbine data has further enhanced the possibility to design a dynamic model of the gas turbine driven and the electric circuits. The combination of simulations and extensive field experience gains new knowledge on the properties of gas turbines in hybrid drive trains. Two simulation models have been developed in Matlab and Simulink. One is a quasi-steady state model that can be used for drive cycle simulations, e.g. a complete bus line. The other is a transient model that combines the thermodynamic properties of the gas turbine, the mechanical properties of the combined turbine-generator shaft, the electric power circuit and the control system. The transient model has been used to simulate the power response during accelerations and retardation. An analysis of the internal energy flows and the system efficiency of a hybrid drive train contributes to the understanding of the properties of series hybrid drive trains. An important part of the topology is that the system is based on a DC/DC-converter that is connected between the battery and the DC-bus. It controls the DC-bus voltage and by this

  3. State, Parameter, and Unknown Input Estimation Problems in Active Automotive Safety Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phanomchoeng, Gridsada

    presented. The developed theory is used to estimate vertical tire forces and predict tripped rollovers in situations involving road bumps, potholes, and lateral unknown force inputs. To estimate the tire-road friction coefficients at each individual tire of the vehicle, algorithms to estimate longitudinal forces and slip ratios at each tire are proposed. Subsequently, tire-road friction coefficients are obtained using recursive least squares parameter estimators that exploit the relationship between longitudinal force and slip ratio at each tire. The developed approaches are evaluated through simulations with industry standard software, CARSIM, with experimental tests on a Volvo XC90 sport utility vehicle and with experimental tests on a 1/8th scaled vehicle. The simulation and experimental results show that the developed approaches can reliably estimate the vehicle parameters and state variables needed for effective ESC and rollover prevention applications.

  4. Síndrome do ceco móvel e as doenças gastrintestinais funcionais Mobile cecum sindrome and the functional gastrointestinal illnesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio César Monteiro dos Santos Jr.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O ceco móvel é uma variação anatômica embriológica do ceco e cólon ascendente resultante da descida incompleta desses segmentos do intestino grosso e da não fixação no peritônio da goteira parieto-cólica direita. A falta dessa fusão permite movimentação do ceco e/ou do cólon ascendente, facilitando a torção sobre seu eixo longitudinal ou a dobra medial do ceco sobre si, ficando encostado com sua borda medial à borda medial do cólon ascendente. Esse fato causa sintomas intermitentes de obstrução parcial do intestino ou, no caso de torção completa (volvo, de obstrução aguda com possível necrose do segmento envolvido. A anormalidade embriológica tem alta incidência (10 a 30% na população, contudo só tem sido mencionada por ocasião da torção completa, inadequadamente denominada de volvo do ceco-ascendente, em geral com necrose cecal. Dessa forma, a ocorrência não é das mais comuns e está citada entre as causas de obstrução intestinal aguda, perfazendo, nos adultos e nas crianças, menos do que 2% de todos os casos de obstruções intestinais, mas com a importância de destaque por causa do alto índice de morbi-mortalidade entre os pacientes afetados. O objetivo foi apresentar o ceco móvel como causa de dor abdominal intermitente, distensão, empachamento e cólica de origens obscuras em pessoas de aparência saudável, mas com uma longa história de distúrbios gastrintestinais funcionais, associados à constipação e/ou diarréia, portanto, com um quadro sintomatológico sobreponível ao da síndrome do cólon irritável. Além disso, propomos um marcador anatômico para a síndrome do cólon irritável, seja o subtipo com constipação predominante, seja o da diarréia predominante ou a forma em que há alternância entre constipação e diarréia e a possibilidade de alívio daqueles sintomas com a cecopexia.Functional gastrointestinal (FGI disorders are chronic or periodic conditions characterized by

  5. Emission Performance of Selected Biodiesels Fuels - VTT's Contribution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aakko, P.; Westerholm, M.

    2000-10-15

    The target of the IEA/AMF Annex XIII 'Performance of biodiesel' was to perform an extensive analysis of exhaust emissions using biodiesel in new diesel engines. The participants of the project were Belgium, Canada, Finland, Japan, Sweden, USA, and the Netherlands. The work of Annex XIII was carried out both at ORNL and at VTT. This report includes only VTT's results. A summary report of the results of both laboratories will be prepared later. The major part of the tests was carried out with a Euro 2 emission level Volvo bus engine. Tests were made without a catalyst, with an oxidation catalyst and with a CRT particulate trap. Some tests were also carried out with a medium-duty Valmet farm tractor engine and with a light-duty Audi TDI vehicle. Several test cycles were used in the tests. In addition, engine mapping tests were carried out with the Volvo and the Valmet engine. The vegetable oil esters studied were rapeseed methyl ester (RME), soy bean oil methyl ester (SME) and used vegetable oil methyl ester (UVOME). RME and SME were tested as 30% blends in European grade diesel fuel (EN590) and as neat esters. RME was also blended (30%) into Swedish Environmental Class 1 diesel fuel (RFD). The test fuel matrix also included Canadian diesel fuel blended with 10% hydrated tall oil (TO10) and an emulsion of Swedish Environmental Class 1 diesel and some 15% ethanol (EtDI). Compared to hydrocarbon fuels, the bioesters reduced CO end HC emissions in most cases. Adding 30% ester in the EN590 fuel did not affect the NOx emission significantly, whereas neat ester resulted in an increase of around 10% in the NOx emission. When 30% ester was blended into the RDF fuel, the NOx emission increased by some 5% with the bus and the tractor engine, but decreased by about 5% with the TDI vehicle. The EtDI fuel resulted in a lower NOx emission than the EN590 fuel with the bus engine, but a higher emission with the TDI vehicle. The effect of esters on the formaldehyde

  6. Má rotação intestinal em adulto, relato de caso e revisão da literatura Adult intestinal malrotation, case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ubirajara Rutilio Mendes e Ferreira de Araújo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Má rotação intestinal é entidade clínico-cirúrgica que faz parte do cotidiano do cirurgião pediátrico, mas que se torna um desafio diagnóstico quando desenvolve sintomas em adolescentes e adultos. RELATO DO CASO: Mulher deu entrada no hospital com quadro de intensa dor abdominal com três dias de evolução e piora progressiva nas últimas 24 horas. A dor apresentava piora importante após as refeições, quando era acompanhada de náuseas e vômitos. Ao exame físico apresentava-se em bom estado gera, abdômen plano, flácido, ruídos presentes, levemente doloroso à palpação de epigástrio, mas sem sinais de irritação peritoneal. Exames laboratoriais encontravam-se dentro dos limites da normalidade, bem como estudo ultrassonográfico. Não houve melhora clínica apesar do tratamento instituído e optou-se por investigação cirúrgica por tomografia sugerir má rotação intestinal. No intra-operatório observou-se todo o intestino delgado disposto para o lado direito do abdômen e o cólon para o lado esquerdo. Além disto, o jejuno proximal encontrava-se isquêmico e fazendo um volvo de 720º sobre o eixo dos vasos mesentéricos superiores. Para a correção da anomalia fez-se enterotomia do jejuno proximal, a cerca de 10 cm do ligamento de Treitz, e desconfecção do volvo, o que cursou com melhora progressiva da isquemia intestinal, permitindo que se fizesse enteroanastomose. Realizou-se ligadura do pedículo da artéria cólica média em sua origem e colectomia direita seguida de anastomose íleo-transversa látero-lateral. A paciente evolui bem. CONCLUSÃO: - A má rotação intestinal em adultos é doença de difícil diagnóstico primário, devido a não constar entre as hipóteses diagnósticas iniciais do cirurgião geral.INTRODUCTION: Intestinal malrotation is a clinical surgical entity that is present in the everyday practice of the pediatric surgeon. However, it becomes a diagnostic challenge when

  7. EU program fuel cells in 2012 - FCH JU Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking; EU-program braensleceller 2012 - FCH JU Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ridell, Bengt

    2013-03-15

    An EU activity in fuel cell and hydrogen field are gathered since 2008 in a so called JU, Joint Undertaking, or as it is also referred to as JTI Joint Technology Initiative. The program will run 2008 - 2013 and covers in total 940 MEUR of which the EU Commission is funding 470 MEUR. The activities of the FCH JU are governed by a Governing Board which has 12 members, five from the Commission, one of the research group and 5 from the Industrial Group. The current agreement for the FCH JU / JTI is coming to an end, and the sixth and final call was released in January 2013 with the deadline of 22 May 2013. Funding from the Commission is made through the Seventh Framework Programme FP7, which ends in 2013. Next the Eighth Framework Programme called Horizon 2020 shall continue for the years 2014 - 2020. Five of the six calls are completed. From the four first calls there are 61 projects started which 6 have been completed. From the fifth announcement is further 27 projects selected for negotiation with the Commission and they will start soon. It is now working intensively to plan Horizon 2020. There are plans to continue the new FCH JU but nothing is decided either for this or for the budget for Horizon 2020. If the FCH Joint Undertaking shall continue in its present form as a Joint Undertaking it will require clear long-term commitments from the private sector and also from the Member States. Another issue is that the long-term research should also get space it has not been the case in the present FCH JU. There are several Swedish participants in the projects and in the working groups of the program. There are Swedish participants in 11 of the 68 projects launched so far. It is in the areas of Stationary systems, Transportation and Early Markets. Project manager for the project FCGEN is Volvo Technology AB. FCH JU has its own website, www.fch-ju.eu, which opened in 2010 when the organization of the program was taken over from the Commission to permanent organisation

  8. Ruschita Romanian marble - 130 years of official exploitation and 130 m depth of architectural beauty around the word

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cetean, Valentina

    2013-04-01

    Developed in a large metamorphic area, the marble deposit from Ruschita perimeter is the most important Romanian source for ornamental stone, the old quarry being operative since 1883. The closest locality offer the commercial name also, identical with the geological one as is defined in the technical referentials and in the denomination European standard. Ruschita is also an active quarry, developed by step-by-step expansion in depth (the initial extraction reached 130 m depth), but also in the adjacent areas. The important height of the open deposit offered the possibility to the owner, MARMOSIM SA, to apply an experimental extraction method, by underground mining. It is the only Romanian place, and few in the world, where this spectacular mining element can be found for dimension stone. The extraction gallery was built starting from the lower level of the old quarry and allowed obtaining nicer and bigger blocks. The Ruschita marble is a metamorphic stone with high crystallinity and medium size of crystals (until 0.2-0.5 mm). Has the basic colour from white and grey to pink, with many intermediary nuances generally given by grey veins and less by impurities from internal structure. The stone present irregular break, sometimes following the very narrow internal discontinuities, invisible at macroscopic analyse. The main physical - mechanical characteristics are presented below: Characteristic M.U. Value Apparent density Kg/m3 2680 - 2720 Water absorption % 0.12 - 0.21 Capillarity g/m2.s0,5 0.130-0.218 Porosity % 0.30 - 0.74 Compression strength N/mm2 85 - 120 Flexural strength MPa 15-18 Rupture energy J 5 Coefficient of frost cleftness % 10 -14 Abrasion resistance - Bohme cm3/50cm2 17-18 Salt crystallization % 0.1 Nowadays, the extraction in the Ruschita area is achieved by equipments from Dazzini, Fantini, Pellegrini, Korfamann, Caterpillar, Volvo and Komatsu. The average volume of blocks is bigger than 10-12 m2. The Ruschita marble can be easily cut at size and

  9. Demonstration of Air-Power-Assist Engine Technology for Clean Combustion and Direct Energy Recovery in Heavy Duty Application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hyungsuk Kang; Chun Tai

    2010-05-01

    The first phase of the project consists of four months of applied research, starting from September 1, 2005 and was completed by December 31, 2005. During this time, the project team heavily relied on highly detailed numerical modeling techniques to evaluate the feasibility of the APA technology. Specifically, (i) A GT-Power{sup TM}engine simulation model was constructed to predict engine efficiency at various operating conditions. Efficiency was defined based on the second-law thermodynamic availability. (ii) The engine efficiency map generated by the engine simulation was then fed into a simplified vehicle model, which was constructed in the Matlab/Simulink environment, to predict fuel consumption of a refuse truck on a simple collection cycle. (iii) Design and analysis work supporting the concept of retrofitting an existing Sturman Industries Hydraulic Valve Actuation (HVA) system with the modifications that are required to run the HVA system with Air Power Assist functionality. A Matlab/Simulink model was used to calculate the dynamic response of the HVA system. Computer aided design (CAD) was done in Solidworks for mechanical design and hydraulic layout. At the end of Phase I, 11% fuel economy improvement was predicted. During Phase II, the engine simulation group completed the engine mapping work. The air handling group made substantial progress in identifying suppliers and conducting 3D modelling design. Sturman Industries completed design modification of the HVA system, which was reviewed and accepted by Volvo Powertrain. In Phase II, the possibility of 15% fuel economy improvement was shown with new EGR cooler design by reducing EGR cooler outlet temperature with APA engine technology from Air Handling Group. In addition, Vehicle Simulation with APA technology estimated 4 -21% fuel economy improvement over a wide range of driving cycles. During Phase III, the engine experimental setup was initiated at VPTNA, Hagerstown, MD. Air Handling system and HVA

  10. Surgical treatment of Chagas megacolon. Critical analysis of outcome in operative methods Tratamento cirúrgico do megacólon chagásico análise crítica dos resultados dos métodos operatórios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Luiz Santos Garcia

    2008-01-01

    : retossigmoidectomia anterior (52,71%, hemicolectomia esquerda (18,23%, abaixamento de cólon à Duhamel-Haddad (15,95% e colectomia total (5,98%. Das 79 laparotomias exploradoras realizadas em regime de urgência, em 53 (67,09% houve ressecção intestinal. Dentre os 430 pacientes operados, 268 (62,33% evoluíram sem recidiva e 71 (16,51% com recidiva da constipação intestinal. RESULTADOS E DISCUSSÃO: Com base nos resultados obtidos concluiu-se que: a hemicolectomia esquerda, comparada às demais operações, apresentou maior recidiva da constipação intestinal; a retossigmoidectomia anterior comparada à operação de Duhamel-Haddad apresentou menor número de complicações e maior recidiva da constipação intestinal; as operações de urgência para o tratamento do volvo e do fecaloma apresentaram alta morbimortalidade, exigem resseções intestinais, estomas e reoperações.

  11. Impacts of Roadway Emissions on Urban Fine Particle Exposures: the Nairobi Area Traffic Contribution to Air Pollution (NATCAP) Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatari, Michael; Ngo, Nicole; Ndiba, Peter; Kinney, Patrick

    2010-05-01

    quality and transportation planning and management directed at mitigating roadway pollution. Reducing PM emissions from motor vehicles would have direct health benefits for residents of Nairobi and other SSA cities. However, further studies are required to depict the seasonal variations, include gaseous pollution aspect, and strengthen the knowledge on air quality in the region as well as improving the data base for health impact assessment. Acknowledgement This study was initiated and funded by Columbia University's Earth Institute's Center for Sustainable Urban Development (CSUD). CSUD is a Volvo Research and Educational Foundations Center of Excellence for Future Urban Transport. International Science Programs (ISP), Uppsala University, Sweden is recognized for its research support to Institute of Nuclear Science & Technology. Additional technical support for air monitoring and analysis was provided by the Exposure Assessment Facility Core of the Center for Environmental Health in Northern Manhattan (NIEHS P30 ES09089).

  12. Plug-In Hybrid Urban Delivery Truck Technology Demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyasato, Matt [South Coast Air Quality Management District Building Corporation, Diamond Bar, CA (United States); Impllitti, Joseph [South Coast Air Quality Management District Building Corporation, Diamond Bar, CA (United States); Pascal, Amar [South Coast Air Quality Management District Building Corporation, Diamond Bar, CA (United States)

    2015-07-31

    The I-710 and CA-60 highways are key transportation corridors in the Southern California region that are heavily used on a daily basis by heavy duty drayage trucks that transport the cargo from the ports to the inland transportation terminals. These terminals, which include store/warehouses, inland-railways, are anywhere from 5 to 50 miles in distance from the ports. The concentrated operation of these drayage vehicles in these corridors has had and will continue to have a significant impact on the air quality in this region whereby significantly impacting the quality of life in the communities surrounding these corridors. To reduce these negative impacts it is critical that zero and near-zero emission technologies be developed and deployed in the region. A potential local market size of up to 46,000 trucks exists in the South Coast Air Basin, based on near- dock drayage trucks and trucks operating on the I-710 freeway. The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD), California Air Resources Board (CARB) and Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG) — the agencies responsible for preparing the State Implementation Plan required under the federal Clean Air Act — have stated that to attain federal air quality standards the region will need to transition to broad use of zero and near zero emission energy sources in cars, trucks and other equipment (Southern California Association of Governments et al, 2011). SCAQMD partnered with Volvo Trucks to develop, build and demonstrate a prototype Class 8 heavy-duty plug-in hybrid drayage truck with significantly reduced emissions and fuel use. Volvo’s approach leveraged the group’s global knowledge and experience in designing and deploying electromobility products. The proprietary hybrid driveline selected for this proof of concept was integrated with multiple enhancements to the complete vehicle in order to maximize the emission and energy impact of electrification. A detailed review of all

  13. On Safety Management. A Frame of Reference for Studies of Safety Management with Examples From Non-Nuclear Contexts of Relevance for Nuclear Safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Svensson, Ola; Salo, Ilkka; Allwin, Pernilla

    2004-11-01

    technologies. System theories could be developed to grasp both technological non-living systems and human living-systems. It is considered a strength to be able to describe both technological and human elements and their mutual relations within a common theoretical framework. In the ongoing project we have introduced a systems perspective in which both living systems and non-living systems can be described in terms of processes and structures. In the framework it is exemplified how system concepts may be related to concepts related to organizational theory. Three different areas of operations are examined in the case studies: civil aviation, petroleum production, and car manufacturing. Two of the areas are represented by authorities: the Swedish Civil Aviation Safety Authority; and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The third study is represented by a car manufacturer, Volvo. In order to study the interaction between authority and company, a Swedish airline company was investigated. In each case study, a thorough description of the organizational structure, the activities and operations, and the safety management specific for each organization, is given. In the descriptions, safety management within each area is studied in relation to concepts central to the system theoretical framework. Structural aspects of the system studied, system regulation, information feedback, and detection and identification of threats to safety, are some examples of concepts that are related to keep the system stable, concepts that also are related to activities that are often labeled as central to safety management. Thus, the case studies generate both illustrative descriptions about the unique in the specific areas studied, both from an organizational and a safety perspective, and, furthermore, put this in relation to general system theoretical concepts that are possible to transfer across areas. Each of the case studies generated detailed descriptions of the organization studied, activities and

  14. CHAIRMEN'S PREFACE AND EDITORS' NOTE: Unification of Fundamental Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brink, Lars; Nilsson, Jan S.; Salomonson, Per; Skagerstam, Bo-Sture

    1987-01-01

    Vainshtein. We had hoped that the Nobel Symposium should be a signal for improved relations between East and West, but in this respect we failed. The Symposium was held in the small town of Marstrand, a summer resort on an island outside Göteborg. The idea was to have it relatively close to home and to show the participants perhaps the best part of the local nature. Another motive was to keep the participants semi-isolated to provide ample time for discussions. With the somewhat heavy programme we found that even so, the days were not long enough. This Symposium was the second Nobel Symposium on elementary particle physics. The first one, also organized by our group, was held in 1968. We hope and believe that the next one need not be awaited another 18 years! The Symposium was made possible by a generous grant from the Nobel Foundation. An additional grant from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences was also essential. A grant from Nordita made it possible to invite some ten Nordic observers. We also gratefully acknowledge help with the organization of the Symposium from the city of Goteborg, the city of Kungälv, Volvo, Skandinaviska Enskilda banken, Ericsson AB and IBM Sweden. We thank all the participants for all their efforts, to come to our remote part of the world, to give excellent talks, to write up their talks astonishingly quickly and to share with us so much of their knowledge and expertise. Last but not least we are indebted to the members of the organizing committee, members of the group and the secretarial staff. Goteborg, August 1986 Editors' NoteIn these Proceedings the lectures are given in the order of their oral presentation at the Symposium. Regrettably, a few contributors could not participate (V. Gribov, A. Linde, V. Ogievetsky, M. Shifman and A. M. Polyakov). Their contributions have been placed close to the end of the Proceedings. As these authors did not have the opportunity of correcting the proofs, responsibility for printing errors must rest with

  15. On Safety Management. A Frame of Reference for Studies of Safety Management with Examples From Non-Nuclear Contexts of Relevance for Nuclear Safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Svensson, Ola; Salo, Ilkka; Allwin, Pernilla (Risk Analysis, Social and Decision Research Unit, Dept. of Psychology, Stockholm Univ., Stockholm (Sweden))

    2004-11-15

    technologies. System theories could be developed to grasp both technological non-living systems and human living-systems. It is considered a strength to be able to describe both technological and human elements and their mutual relations within a common theoretical framework. In the ongoing project we have introduced a systems perspective in which both living systems and non-living systems can be described in terms of processes and structures. In the framework it is exemplified how system concepts may be related to concepts related to organizational theory. Three different areas of operations are examined in the case studies: civil aviation, petroleum production, and car manufacturing. Two of the areas are represented by authorities: the Swedish Civil Aviation Safety Authority; and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The third study is represented by a car manufacturer, Volvo. In order to study the interaction between authority and company, a Swedish airline company was investigated. In each case study, a thorough description of the organizational structure, the activities and operations, and the safety management specific for each organization, is given. In the descriptions, safety management within each area is studied in relation to concepts central to the system theoretical framework. Structural aspects of the system studied, system regulation, information feedback, and detection and identification of threats to safety, are some examples of concepts that are related to keep the system stable, concepts that also are related to activities that are often labeled as central to safety management. Thus, the case studies generate both illustrative descriptions about the unique in the specific areas studied, both from an organizational and a safety perspective, and, furthermore, put this in relation to general system theoretical concepts that are possible to transfer across areas. Each of the case studies generated detailed descriptions of the organization studied, activities and