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Sample records for ego biologicheskie svojstva

  1. Utjecaj recikliranog punila na svojstva asfaltnih mješavina

    OpenAIRE

    Androjić, Ivica; Kaluđer, Gordana

    2017-01-01

    U radu se daje prikaz provedenih dosadašnjih istraživanja s primjenom različitih recikliranih materijala koji se koriste kao zamjena za kameno punilo u asfaltnim mješavinama. Rad obuhvaća prikaz provedenih istraživanja o utjecaju otpadnog stakla, otpada cementne industrije, betona, opeke, keramike, letećeg pepela i drugih na fizikalno mehanička svojstva bitumenskih mješavina. Kao konačan rezultat donose se zaključci o mogućoj primjeni pojedinih recikliranih materijala kao zamjeni za standardn...

  2. Biohemijska i funkcionalna svojstva piva sa dodatkom gljive Ganoderma lucidum

    OpenAIRE

    Despotović, Saša M.

    2017-01-01

    Pivo možda nije najstarije alkoholno piće, ali je definitivno među najpopularnijim napitcima današnjice. Svoju ogromnu popularnost sticalo je vekovima, služeći ne samo kao osvežavajući napitak već i kao fiziološki značajna namirnica. Poslednjih decenija, vršena su brojna istraživanja koja su se bavila zdravstvenim aspektima piva. Istraživanja potvrđuju da pivo u umerenim količinama ima blagotvorna svojstva poput: smanjenja rizika od kardiovaskularnih bolesti, snižavanja holesterola u krvi, re...

  3. Ego functions in epilepsy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, A S; Hansen, H; Høgenhaven, H

    1988-01-01

    Two groups of epilepsy patients (28 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and 15 patients with primary generalized epilepsy) entered a study of personality traits related to epilepsy, based on a modification of Bellak's semistructured interview for assessment of ego strength. Two groups of subjects...... than 15 years when the disease began. The number of anticonvulsants administered did not influence the results. No difference on adaptive level of ego functioning was found between the group with primary generalized epilepsy and the group with temporal lobe epilepsy. Similarly, the temporal lobe...... served as controls: 15 patients with a non-neurological but relapsing disorder, psoriasis, and 15 healthy volunteers. Compared with the group of healthy volunteers, a decreased adaptive level of ego functioning was found in the epilepsy groups, regardless of seizure types and EEG findings, and...

  4. Big Egos in Big Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kristina Vaarst; Jeppesen, Jacob

    In this paper we investigate the micro-mechanisms governing structural evolution and performance of scientific collaboration. Scientific discovery tends not to be lead by so called lone ?stars?, or big egos, but instead by collaboration among groups of researchers, from a multitude of institutions...

  5. Utjecaj ultrazvuka visokog intenziteta na reološka i pastozna svojstva škroba pšenice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Ljubić Herceg

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Svrha ovog rada je ispitati utjecaj ultrazvuka visokog i niskog intenziteta na reološka i pastozna svojstva suspenzija škroba pšenice. Ispitivane suspenzije sadrže 10 % pšeničnog škroba te su neposredno nakon pripreme procesirane ultrazvukom. Sva ispitivanja provedena su prije i nakon ultrazvučne obrade u ultrazvučnoj kupelji frekvencije 22 kHz, nominalne snage 150 W te ultrazvučnom sondom frekvencije 24 kHz, nominalne snage 100, 300 i 400 W. Vrijeme ultrazvučne obrade svih uzoraka bilo je 15 i 30 minuta. Reološka svojstva određena su primjenom rotacionog reometra Rheometric Scientific RM-180 pri temperaturi od 20 ˚C, a pastozna svojstva škrobnih suspenzija određena su primjenom Micro Visco-Amylo-Graph, Brabender Ohg Duisburg, Njemačka po metodi ICC Standard 126/1. Ultrazvučna obrada uzrokuje mehaničko oštećenje škrobne granule čime njena unutrašnjost postaje dostupnija vodi tijekom zagrijavanja što ima za posljedicu značajne promjene reoloških i pastoznih svojstava škrobnih suspenzija. Reološki parametri pokazuju da sve suspenzije imaju ne-Newtonski karakter, a ultrazvučni tretmen uzrokovao je značajno povećanje koeficijenta konzistencije svih ispitivanih sustava. Ultrazvučnim procesiranjem došlo je do značajnog sniženja temperature želatinizacije kod svih škrobnih suspenzija. Značajno smanjenje početnih temperatura želatinizacije upućuje na raniji stupanj bubrenja granule tijekom zagrijavanja.

  6. Ego involvement increases doping likelihood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ring, Christopher; Kavussanu, Maria

    2018-08-01

    Achievement goal theory provides a framework to help understand how individuals behave in achievement contexts, such as sport. Evidence concerning the role of motivation in the decision to use banned performance enhancing substances (i.e., doping) is equivocal on this issue. The extant literature shows that dispositional goal orientation has been weakly and inconsistently associated with doping intention and use. It is possible that goal involvement, which describes the situational motivational state, is a stronger determinant of doping intention. Accordingly, the current study used an experimental design to examine the effects of goal involvement, manipulated using direct instructions and reflective writing, on doping likelihood in hypothetical situations in college athletes. The ego-involving goal increased doping likelihood compared to no goal and a task-involving goal. The present findings provide the first evidence that ego involvement can sway the decision to use doping to improve athletic performance.

  7. Ego depletion impairs implicit learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Kelsey R; Sanchez, Daniel J; Wesley, Abigail H; Reber, Paul J

    2014-01-01

    Implicit skill learning occurs incidentally and without conscious awareness of what is learned. However, the rate and effectiveness of learning may still be affected by decreased availability of central processing resources. Dual-task experiments have generally found impairments in implicit learning, however, these studies have also shown that certain characteristics of the secondary task (e.g., timing) can complicate the interpretation of these results. To avoid this problem, the current experiments used a novel method to impose resource constraints prior to engaging in skill learning. Ego depletion theory states that humans possess a limited store of cognitive resources that, when depleted, results in deficits in self-regulation and cognitive control. In a first experiment, we used a standard ego depletion manipulation prior to performance of the Serial Interception Sequence Learning (SISL) task. Depleted participants exhibited poorer test performance than did non-depleted controls, indicating that reducing available executive resources may adversely affect implicit sequence learning, expression of sequence knowledge, or both. In a second experiment, depletion was administered either prior to or after training. Participants who reported higher levels of depletion before or after training again showed less sequence-specific knowledge on the post-training assessment. However, the results did not allow for clear separation of ego depletion effects on learning versus subsequent sequence-specific performance. These results indicate that performance on an implicitly learned sequence can be impaired by a reduction in executive resources, in spite of learning taking place outside of awareness and without conscious intent.

  8. Ego Depletion Impairs Implicit Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Kelsey R.; Sanchez, Daniel J.; Wesley, Abigail H.; Reber, Paul J.

    2014-01-01

    Implicit skill learning occurs incidentally and without conscious awareness of what is learned. However, the rate and effectiveness of learning may still be affected by decreased availability of central processing resources. Dual-task experiments have generally found impairments in implicit learning, however, these studies have also shown that certain characteristics of the secondary task (e.g., timing) can complicate the interpretation of these results. To avoid this problem, the current experiments used a novel method to impose resource constraints prior to engaging in skill learning. Ego depletion theory states that humans possess a limited store of cognitive resources that, when depleted, results in deficits in self-regulation and cognitive control. In a first experiment, we used a standard ego depletion manipulation prior to performance of the Serial Interception Sequence Learning (SISL) task. Depleted participants exhibited poorer test performance than did non-depleted controls, indicating that reducing available executive resources may adversely affect implicit sequence learning, expression of sequence knowledge, or both. In a second experiment, depletion was administered either prior to or after training. Participants who reported higher levels of depletion before or after training again showed less sequence-specific knowledge on the post-training assessment. However, the results did not allow for clear separation of ego depletion effects on learning versus subsequent sequence-specific performance. These results indicate that performance on an implicitly learned sequence can be impaired by a reduction in executive resources, in spite of learning taking place outside of awareness and without conscious intent. PMID:25275517

  9. Ego depletion impairs implicit learning.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelsey R Thompson

    Full Text Available Implicit skill learning occurs incidentally and without conscious awareness of what is learned. However, the rate and effectiveness of learning may still be affected by decreased availability of central processing resources. Dual-task experiments have generally found impairments in implicit learning, however, these studies have also shown that certain characteristics of the secondary task (e.g., timing can complicate the interpretation of these results. To avoid this problem, the current experiments used a novel method to impose resource constraints prior to engaging in skill learning. Ego depletion theory states that humans possess a limited store of cognitive resources that, when depleted, results in deficits in self-regulation and cognitive control. In a first experiment, we used a standard ego depletion manipulation prior to performance of the Serial Interception Sequence Learning (SISL task. Depleted participants exhibited poorer test performance than did non-depleted controls, indicating that reducing available executive resources may adversely affect implicit sequence learning, expression of sequence knowledge, or both. In a second experiment, depletion was administered either prior to or after training. Participants who reported higher levels of depletion before or after training again showed less sequence-specific knowledge on the post-training assessment. However, the results did not allow for clear separation of ego depletion effects on learning versus subsequent sequence-specific performance. These results indicate that performance on an implicitly learned sequence can be impaired by a reduction in executive resources, in spite of learning taking place outside of awareness and without conscious intent.

  10. Ego identity formation in middle adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavoie, J C

    1976-12-01

    Assumed determinants of ego identity were investigated in this study using sophomore, junior, and senior high school males and females. Subjects were administered the Marcia Ego Identity Status Scale and measures of sex-role identification, personality development, psychological functioning, self-concept, and parental socialization practices. Data analyses, using a median split on identity score, showed that high-identity adolescents obtained more positive scores on sex-role identification, personality development, psychological adjustment, and self-concept than low-identity adolescents. Socialization practices also differed for the two groups. The sex differences which emerged were congruent with the identity literature. Overall, the data supported Erikson's theory of ego identity development.

  11. The Id, Ego and Super-Ego in "Pride and Prejudice"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Yamin

    2011-01-01

    This paper mainly analyses the the id, ego, and super-ego which exists in the main character Elizabeth from several aspects, such as her pursuit for love, her prejudice towards Mr. Darcy, and the changes in her attitudes towards Wickham. This analysis helps readers appreciate this masterpiece from a different aspect which is related to the…

  12. Ego-syntonicity and ego-dystonicity of eating-related intrusive thoughts in patients with eating disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roncero, María; Belloch, Amparo; Perpiñá, Conxa; Treasure, Janet

    2013-06-30

    The main objective of the present study was to analyse the role of the ego-dystonicity and ego-syntonicity of eating disorder intrusive thoughts (EDITs) in the genesis and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs). Participants were 98 female patients with EDs, 56 Spanish and 42 English (27.19±9.59 years; body mass index (BMI): 18.72±2.87). All of them completed the eating attitudes test, the Eating Attitudes Test, the Eating Intrusive Thoughts Inventory, the Ego-Dystonicity Questionnaire-Reduced version, and the Ego-Syntonicity Questionnaire. Patients indicated that their EDITs were rational and also undesirable and immoral, suggesting that EDITs are not fully ego-syntonic or ego-dystonic. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) indicated no differences in ego-syntonicity and ego-dystonicity across ED subtypes. Path analyses were performed to investigate the mediating role of the EDITs' ego-syntonicity and ego-dystonicity in their interference, dysfunctional appraisals and control strategies. They showed, first, that the more interference an EDIT caused, the more ego-syntonic and the less ego-dystonic it was and, second, that when the EDITs were assessed as ego-syntonic, patients tried to do what they indicated, whereas when they were assessed as ego-dystonic, patients made efforts to neutralise them. Clinical implications for the conceptualisation and treatment of ED are discussed. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Ego depletion in visual perception: Ego-depleted viewers experience less ambiguous figure reversal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wimmer, Marina C; Stirk, Steven; Hancock, Peter J B

    2017-10-01

    This study examined the effects of ego depletion on ambiguous figure perception. Adults (N = 315) received an ego depletion task and were subsequently tested on their inhibitory control abilities that were indexed by the Stroop task (Experiment 1) and their ability to perceive both interpretations of ambiguous figures that was indexed by reversal (Experiment 2). Ego depletion had a very small effect on reducing inhibitory control (Cohen's d = .15) (Experiment 1). Ego-depleted participants had a tendency to take longer to respond in Stroop trials. In Experiment 2, ego depletion had small to medium effects on the experience of reversal. Ego-depleted viewers tended to take longer to reverse ambiguous figures (duration to first reversal) when naïve of the ambiguity and experienced less reversal both when naïve and informed of the ambiguity. Together, findings suggest that ego depletion has small effects on inhibitory control and small to medium effects on bottom-up and top-down perceptual processes. The depletion of cognitive resources can reduce our visual perceptual experience.

  14. Self-regulation, ego depletion, and inhibition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumeister, Roy F

    2014-12-01

    Inhibition is a major form of self-regulation. As such, it depends on self-awareness and comparing oneself to standards and is also susceptible to fluctuations in willpower resources. Ego depletion is the state of reduced willpower caused by prior exertion of self-control. Ego depletion undermines inhibition both because restraints are weaker and because urges are felt more intensely than usual. Conscious inhibition of desires is a pervasive feature of everyday life and may be a requirement of life in civilized, cultural society, and in that sense it goes to the evolved core of human nature. Intentional inhibition not only restrains antisocial impulses but can also facilitate optimal performance, such as during test taking. Self-regulation and ego depletion- may also affect less intentional forms of inhibition, even chronic tendencies to inhibit. Broadly stated, inhibition is necessary for human social life and nearly all societies encourage and enforce it. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Androgyny, Ego Development and Psychosocial Crisis Resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prager, Karen J.; Bailey, John M.

    The present study examined the relationship of psychological androgyny with ego development in the context of Loevinger's theory, and with psychosocial crisis resolution from the perspective of Erikson's theory. A sample of 30 male and 30 female adults completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory, the Washington University Sentence Completion Test and the…

  16. The modality effect of ego depletion: Auditory task modality reduces ego depletion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qiong; Wang, Zhenhong

    2016-08-01

    An initial act of self-control that impairs subsequent acts of self-control is called ego depletion. The ego depletion phenomenon has been observed consistently. The modality effect refers to the effect of the presentation modality on the processing of stimuli. The modality effect was also robustly found in a large body of research. However, no study to date has examined the modality effects of ego depletion. This issue was addressed in the current study. In Experiment 1, after all participants completed a handgrip task, one group's participants completed a visual attention regulation task and the other group's participants completed an auditory attention regulation task, and then all participants again completed a handgrip task. The ego depletion phenomenon was observed in both the visual and the auditory attention regulation task. Moreover, participants who completed the visual task performed worse on the handgrip task than participants who completed the auditory task, which indicated that there was high ego depletion in the visual task condition. In Experiment 2, participants completed an initial task that either did or did not deplete self-control resources, and then they completed a second visual or auditory attention control task. The results indicated that depleted participants performed better on the auditory attention control task than the visual attention control task. These findings suggest that altering task modality may reduce ego depletion. © 2016 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Antioksidacijska svojstva i stabilnost boje crvenog piva, ružičastog vina i ružičastog pjenušca

    OpenAIRE

    Šipalo, Toni

    2016-01-01

    Biološki aktivne supstancije u pivu i vinu, posebice fenoli, zbog antioksidacijske aktivnosti smanjuju rizik za oboljenje od sve učestalijih kroničnih bolesti. Udjel fenolnih spojeva jedan je od najvažnijih parametara sastava, kako piva, tako i vina, budući da doprinose njihovim organoleptičkim svojstvima, kao što su boja, trpkost i gorčina. U ovom su radu uspoređena antioksidacijska svojstva Istarskog crvenog piva, ružičastog vina i ružičastog pjenušca primjenom različitih testova: određivan...

  18. The concept of ego threat in social and personality psychology: is ego threat a viable scientific construct?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leary, Mark R; Terry, Meredith L; Batts Allen, Ashley; Tate, Eleanor B

    2009-08-01

    Although widely invoked as an explanation for psychological phenomena, ego threat has been conceptualized and induced in a variety of ways. Most contemporary research conceptualizes ego threat as a threat to a person's self-image or self-esteem, but experimental operationalizations of ego threat usually confound threats to self-esteem with threats to public image or decreased control over negative events, leading to an inability to distinguish the effects of threats to people's personal egos from threats to public image or threats to feelings of control. This article reviews research on ego threat, discusses experimental manipulations that confound ego threat with other processes, and makes recommendations regarding the use of ego threat as a construct in personality and social psychology.

  19. The ego according to Klein: return to Freud and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blass, Rachel B

    2012-02-01

    This paper explores fundamental dimensions of Melanie Klein's concept of the ego through a detailed study of the writings of Klein and her early colleagues (Paula Heimann, Susan Isaacs and Joan Riviere). The study examines three central issues: (a) the basic theoretical framework for Klein's conceptualization of the ego, and specifically how her conceptualization builds on Freud's structural and dual instinct models; (b) the processes involved in the development of the ego and its capacities (including the development from id to ego and from ego to superego); and (c) the view of the ego as an object of phantasy. Through this examination, the study demonstrates that Klein's conceptualization of the ego is firmly grounded both in Freud's formulations about the ego and in his theoretical and metapsychological approach to thinking about the ego. This counters the prevalent view that Klein was only focused on clinical understandings, unconcerned with theory and fuzzy in her abstract thinking. More specifically, it counters the view that Klein did not really have a concept of the ego in any well-structured sense of the term (Britton, 2003; Hinshelwood, 1994; Segal, 2001). The study considers the sources of these misconceived views. Finally, it argues that discarding such views allows us to appreciate better the richness of Klein's thinking, her theoretical affinities to Freud, and the role of theory in the development and justification of psychoanalysis. Copyright © 2011 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  20. Is Ego Depletion Real? An Analysis of Arguments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friese, Malte; Loschelder, David D; Gieseler, Karolin; Frankenbach, Julius; Inzlicht, Michael

    2018-03-01

    An influential line of research suggests that initial bouts of self-control increase the susceptibility to self-control failure (ego depletion effect). Despite seemingly abundant evidence, some researchers have suggested that evidence for ego depletion was the sole result of publication bias and p-hacking, with the true effect being indistinguishable from zero. Here, we examine (a) whether the evidence brought forward against ego depletion will convince a proponent that ego depletion does not exist and (b) whether arguments that could be brought forward in defense of ego depletion will convince a skeptic that ego depletion does exist. We conclude that despite several hundred published studies, the available evidence is inconclusive. Both additional empirical and theoretical works are needed to make a compelling case for either side of the debate. We discuss necessary steps for future work toward this aim.

  1. Svojstva i struktura wolframkarbid-kobalt prevlake deponovane plazma-sprej postupkom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihailo Rade Mrdak

    2013-10-01

    radu predstavljeni su rezultati eksperimentalnih istraživanja uticaja protoka plazma gasa (He na mehanička svojstva i mikrostrukturu slojeva WC17Co. Glavni cilj je bio da se stara tehnologija cementacije  rukavaca vratila zameni deponovanjem WC17Co prevlake plazma-sprej tehnologijom. Analizirane su mehaničke karakteristike i mikrostrukture prevlaka da bi se odabrala prevlaka najboljih karakteristika. Prevlaka sa najboljim mehaničkim i strukturnim karakteristikama je testirana i homologovana na rukavcu vratila glavnog rotora helikoptera "gazela H42" letnim ispitivanjem u trajanju od 50 časova u VZ „Moma Stanojlović" u Batajnici. Materijali za ispitivanje i uzorci Za izradu prevlaka upotrebljen je prah firme „Sulzer Metco” sa oznakom Metco 73F-NS-1. Za izradu praha korišćena je tehnika suvo  raspršavanje/sinterovanje sa sadržajem od 83 tež.%WC i 17 tež.%Co. Prah koji se koristio u eksperimentu imao je raspon granulacije od 11 µm do 53 µm (Material Product Data Sheet, 2011. Čestice praha su porozne  i sfernog oblika. Osnove na koje su deponovane prevlake za procenu strukture i za ispitivanje mikrotvrdoće izrađene su od čelika Č.4171 (X15Cr13 EN10027 u termički neobrađenom stanju dimenzija 70x20x1,5mm . Osnove za ispitivanje čvrstoće spoja takođe su izrađene od čelika Č.4171(X15Cr13EN10027 u termički neobrađenom stanju dimenzija Ø25x50 mm (Turbojet engine-standard practices manuel TURBOMECA. Mehaničke karakterizacije prevlaka WC17Co urađene su prema standardu TURBOMECA (Turbojet engine-standard practices manuel TURBOMECA. Za merenje mikrotvrdoće i metalografska ispitivanja korišćeni su uzorci dimanzija 70 × 20 x 1,5 mm, dok su za ispitivanje zatezne čvrstoće korišćeni uzorci  Ø25 x 50 mm. Merenja mikrotvrdoća izvršena su korišćenjem Vikers dijamant piramide indenter i 300 grama opterećenje (HV0.3. Merenje je urađeno u pravcu duž lamela, u sredini i na krajevima uzorka. Na tri mesta sprovedeno je pet očitavanja, a

  2. Ego, drives, and the dynamics of internal objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon eBoag

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the relationship between the ego, id, and internal objects. While ego psychology views the ego as autonomous of the drives, a less well-known alternative position views the ego as constituted by the drives. Based on Freud’s ego-instinct account, this position has developed into a school of thought which postulates that the drives act as knowers. Given that there are multiple drives, this position proposes that personality is constituted by multiple knowers. Following on from Freud, the ego is viewed as a composite sub-set of the instinctual drives (ego-drives, whereas those drives cut off from expression form the id. The nature of the ‘self’ is developed in terms of identification and the possibility of multiple personalities is also established. This account is then extended to object-relations and the explanatory value of the ego-drive account is discussed in terms of the addressing the nature of ego-structures and the dynamic nature of internal objects. Finally, the impact of psychological conflict and the significance of repression for understanding the nature of splits within the psyche are also discussed.

  3. Antidepressant Therapy in Severe Depression May Have Different Effects on Ego-Dystonic and Ego-Syntonic Suicidal Ideation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Brådvik

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to investigate whether ego-dystonic and ego-syntonic suicidal ideation occurred at different frequencies during antidepressant therapy. A blind evaluation has been performed on records of 100 suicides with a primary severe depression and 100 matched controls, admitted to the Department of Psychiatry, Lund, Sweden. Ego-dystonic suicidal ideation was more commonly reported during adequate treatment as compared to ego-syntonic ideation (P=.004. Men who committed suicide during adequate antidepressant therapy more often reported ego-dystonic suicidal ideation earlier in their lives compared with those who were not treated (P=.0377. This may indicate that treatment failure for ego-dystonic ideation was a precursor of their suicides. Consequently, ego-dystonic ideation seems to show a poorer response to antidepressant therapy as compared to ego-syntonic ideation, which may be more directly related to depression. Ego-dystonic ideation is proposed to be related to depressive psychosis.

  4. Vehicle ego-motion estimation with geometric algebra

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mark, W. van der; Fontijne, D.; Dorst, L.; Groen, F.C.A.

    2003-01-01

    A method for estimating ego-motion with vehicle mounted stereo cameras is presented. This approach is based on finding corresponding features in stereo images and tracking them between succeeding stereo frames. Our approach estimates stereo ego-motion with geometric algebra techniques. Starting with

  5. Ego Function and Dysfunction: A Guide to Understanding Discipline Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henley, Martin

    1987-01-01

    In this discussion of Fritz Redl's model of ego dysfunction in disturbed children, tasks the mature ego must accomplish are described, such as frustration tolerance, temptation resistance, realism about rules and routines, and exposure to competitive challenges. The model's educational applications involve assessment of discipline problems,…

  6. Ego Involvement and Topic Controversiality as Related to Attitude Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sledden, Elizabeth A.; Fernandez, Katherine A.

    Attitude change was measured on four different topics before and immediately after a persuasion was presented in order to compare the degree of change with the level of ego involvement as it relates to topic controversiality. Ego involvement was based on self-ratings of concern for each topic. Objective topic controversiality was based on the…

  7. Ego development in female-to-male transsexual couples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, M; Costos, D; MacGowan, B

    1984-12-01

    The ego development of 22 postoperative female-to-male transsexuals and their spouses or lovers with whom they had been living for a year or more was investigated. The transsexuals, their spouses, and a control group of 22 couples were administered the Washington University Sentence Completion Test of Ego Development, a projective measure of ego functioning. Ego development refers to the framework of meaning that the individual brings to an experience. The construct of ego development incorporates a series of sequential stages that integrate various frames of reference including cognitive style, interpersonal style, conscious preoccupation, and impulse control. These processes have received little attention in studies on female-to-male transsexuals who have successfully negotiated the social barrier of cross-living to the extent that they are living the male role in a heterosexual relationship. No significant differences in the distribution of ego development scores were found between the transsexuals and the control males, or between the transsexuals' spouses and the control spouses. Over 93% of the transsexuals and their spouses scored above the conformist level of ego development. These findings are discussed in terms of some of the previous literature on conformist thinking by transsexuals.

  8. Outside the Limits of the Ego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia León-López

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Freud never ceases to inquire into the gap between religion and psychoanalysis. The last lines he wrote illustrate his insistence on the question: “Mysticism is the dark self perception of the realm outside the ego, the realm of the id”. By tracking this gap through the equivalence Freud establishes between Kant's categorical imperative, taboo, and the restrictions of obsessive neurosis, we can see how religion captures the subject's possibility of accepting its subjective division. On the basis of Lacan and resorting to a proposition set forth by Agamben, we argue that psychoanalysis invites human beings to profane, to recover the relationship with the cause of their desire, which has been confiscated by religion

  9. PSYCHOTHERAPY WITH THE PARENT EGO STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maruša Zaletel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In their article, the authors present the findings of the study in which they conceptualized the method of psychotherapy with the Parent ego state. Their aim was to explore whether this method could be divided into individual, content-wise separate chronological phases which can be observed with the majority of clients. By using a modified method of content analysis of five psychotherapy transcripts and a video recording of a psychotherapy session, nine chronological phases were identified. In order to illustrate the individual phases, excerpts from the transcripts and the video recording of psychotherapy have been included. The article proposes under what conditions can this method be used, and presents some of its limitations.

  10. [Alienation: Differential Psychopathology of Ego-Disturbances].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodatsch, M; Kuhn, J

    2016-11-01

    Alienation, i. e. disorders of the inner experience of integrity, continuity, and agency, represents a feature of both psychotic and non-psychotic disorders. Thereby, ego disturbances are thought to be specific for schizophrenia. Depersonalisation, in contrast, has been reported in schizophrenia as well as a neurotic, probably distinct syndrome. The differentiation of psychotic vs. non-psychotic alienation is often all but trivial. The present paper provides an overview of the historical roots and the psychopathological conceptualizations of alienation. Clinically relevant features of psychotic alienation are highlighted. Experience of passivity, loss of authenticity and disturbances of striving and volition appear as psychotic characteristics. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  11. Ego Depletion Does Not Interfere With Working Memory Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ranjit K; Göritz, Anja S

    2018-01-01

    Ego depletion happens if exerting self-control reduces a person's capacity to subsequently control themselves. Previous research has suggested that ego depletion not only interferes with subsequent self-control but also with working memory. However, recent meta-analytical evidence casts doubt onto this. The present study tackles the question if ego depletion does interfere with working memory performance. We induced ego depletion in two ways: using an e-crossing task and using a Stroop task. We then measured working memory performance using the letter-number sequencing task. There was no evidence of ego depletion interfering with working memory performance. Several aspects of our study render this null finding highly robust. We had a large and heterogeneous sample of N = 1,385, which provided sufficient power. We deployed established depletion tasks from two task families (e-crossing task and Stroop), thus making it less likely that the null finding is due to a specific depletion paradigm. We derived several performance scores from the working memory task and ran different analyses to maximize the chances of finding an effect. Lastly, we controlled for two potential moderators, the implicit theories about willpower and dispositional self-control capacity, to ensure that a possible effect on working memory is not obscured by an interaction effect. In sum, this experiment strengthens the position that ego depletion works but does not affect working memory performance.

  12. Regret causes ego-depletion and finding benefits in the regrettable events alleviates ego-depletion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Hongmei; Zhang, Yan; Wang, Fang; Xu, Yan; Hong, Ying-Yi; Jiang, Jiang

    2014-01-01

    This study tested the hypotheses that experiencing regret would result in ego-depletion, while finding benefits (i.e., "silver linings") in the regret-eliciting events counteracted the ego-depletion effect. Using a modified gambling paradigm (Experiments 1, 2, and 4) and a retrospective method (Experiments 3 and 5), five experiments were conducted to induce regret. Results revealed that experiencing regret undermined performance on subsequent tasks, including a paper-and-pencil calculation task (Experiment 1), a Stroop task (Experiment 2), and a mental arithmetic task (Experiment 3). Furthermore, finding benefits in the regret-eliciting events improved subsequent performance (Experiments 4 and 5), and this improvement was mediated by participants' perceived vitality (Experiment 4). This study extended the depletion model of self-regulation by considering emotions with self-conscious components (in our case, regret). Moreover, it provided a comprehensive understanding of how people felt and performed after experiencing regret and after finding benefits in the events that caused the regret.

  13. The role of ego-identity status in mating preferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunkel, Curtis S; Papini, Dennis R

    2005-01-01

    This study was designed to examine the role ego-identity plays in the mating preferences of late adolescents. In addition to examining the variance in mating preferences explained by ego-identity status, it was hoped that the results could assist in testing the competing Sexual Strategies (Buss & Schmitt, 1993) and Social Role (Eagly & Wood, 1999) theories. Ego-identity and the sex of the participant accounted for a significant amount of variance in the number of sexual partners desired and the penchant for short-term mating. The sex of the participant was the lone predictor of the importance placed on the mate characteristics of physical attractiveness and earning capacity with females placing more emphasis on the former and males placing more emphasis on the latter characteristic.

  14. Children’s Negative Emotions and Ego-Resiliency: Longitudinal Relations With Social Competence

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Zoe E.; Eisenberg, Nancy; VanSchyndel, Sarah K.; Eggum-Wilkens, Natalie D.; Spinrad, Tracy L.

    2013-01-01

    We examined the relations of negative emotions in toddlerhood to the development of ego-resiliency and social competence across early childhood. Specifically, we addressed whether fear and anger/frustration in 30-month-old children (N = 213) was associated with the development of ego-resiliency across 4 time points (42 to 84 months), and, in turn, whether ego-resiliency predicted social competence at 84 months. Child anger/frustration negatively predicted the intercept of ego-resiliency at 42...

  15. THE EGO OFF-CENTER LOCATED IN THE CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HUGO ESCOBAR MELO

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The Ego stopped to be the physical place and essential that it defines the person and it pass from the essence to thedistribution in narrative cultural contexts; it is now a relational Ego, with particular forms of identity that it facilitatesthe existence of social chameleon. The strong version of a person that is always the same one, decay in the scene andit is presented now as a precarious being in the frame of the possible relationships in worlds located in the culture. Thecommunities in which passes most of the time, like the work, and the institution, constitutes a “hipper reality” thatinterprets and determines the “Ego”; The “Ego” in consequence become “Ego” in the relationships and thisrelationships are social. The study establishes the ways in that an individual builds and gives sense to the “relationalEgo” in a certain historical moment, gives count of the interviewee’s subjective vision in terms of the «negotiation»among the expressive tendencies of the «Ego» and the demands of the institutional rationality and it captures theentirety of an autobiographical experience in the time and in the institutional space. It is then to characterize theambiguity, the contradictions, the doubts, the change and the «returned back», of the narration of an «Ego» in intentto discover the interpretation keys in the context of the narration and of the possible world in which this takes place.It uses the study of cases and a qualitative methodology of the autobiographical story that it is constituted, startingfrom the categories of «relational Ego», the «relationship us», the «Ego» located in the culture, ideals and institutionalideological rationality, the action or social performance, continuity and testimonies of the narration and inflectionpoints or crucial events.

  16. Choice and ego-depletion: the moderating role of autonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moller, Arlen C; Deci, Edward L; Ryan, Richard M

    2006-08-01

    The self-regulatory strength model maintains that all acts of self-regulation, self-control, and choice result in a state of fatigue called ego-depletion. Self-determination theory differentiates between autonomous regulation and controlled regulation. Because making decisions represents one instance of self-regulation, the authors also differentiate between autonomous choice and controlled choice. Three experiments support the hypothesis that whereas conditions representing controlled choice would be egodepleting, conditions that represented autonomous choice would not. In Experiment 3, the authors found significant mediation by perceived self-determination of the relation between the choice condition (autonomous vs. controlled) and ego-depletion as measured by performance.

  17. How Ego-threats Facilitate Contracts Based on Subjective Evaluations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sebald, Alexander; Walzl, Markus

    We show that individuals' desire to protect their self-esteem against ego-threatening feedback can mitigate moral hazard in environments with purely subjective performance evaluations. In line with evidence from social psychology we assume that agents' react aggressively to evaluations by the pri......We show that individuals' desire to protect their self-esteem against ego-threatening feedback can mitigate moral hazard in environments with purely subjective performance evaluations. In line with evidence from social psychology we assume that agents' react aggressively to evaluations...

  18. EGO SINTONIK TOKOH-TOKOH HOMOSEKSUAL DALAM NOVEL INDONESIA MODERN

    OpenAIRE

    Iswadi Bahardur

    2015-01-01

    Various human  behavior in  life is the  result  of conflict and reconciliation of aspects of personality called the id, ego, and superego. Unbalance function of these aspects will result in the emergence of deviant behavior. The uncontrolled aspect of ego causes people do not able to consider the feasibility of actions in terms of moral values, tends behalf of self pleasure without measure the value of good and bad. Homosexual behavior is one of theexamples of deviant behavior in human is ca...

  19. Linking psychoanalysis with neuroscience: the concept of ego.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzolatti, Giacomo; Semi, Antonio Alberto; Fabbri-Destro, Maddalena

    2014-03-01

    Through his whole life Marc Jeannerod was fascinated by Freud's thinking. His interest in Freud is witnessed by several of his writings in which he expresses interest in building a bridge between psychoanalysis and cognitive neuroscience. Following Jeannerod's ideas we discuss here a fundamental point of Freud's construction, the concept of ego, from a neurophysiological point of view. We maintain that, in order both to act coherently and to have a basic, first person, understanding of the behavior of others, it is necessary to posit the existence of a neurophysiological "motor" ego similar to the "rider" of the Freudian metaphor. We review then a series of neurophysiological findings showing that the systems underlying the organization of action and conscious perception are both mediated by a cortical motor network formed by parieto-frontal circuits. In conclusion, we show that the activity of this network has strong similarities to that postulated by Freud for the conscious part of ego. We also propose that the default-mode network might represent that part of ego that is mostly involved in unconscious processes. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  20. Bulimia: A Self-Psychological and Ego-Developmental View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenner-Liss, Deborah

    1986-01-01

    Discusses key clinical issues in the treatment of bulimia with clinical examples from a self-psychological and ego-developmental point of view. Identifies three developmental issues for bulimia: self-regulatory, differentiation, and self-esteem. (Author/ABB)

  1. Turundustegu 2000 : ego pani end maksma / Margo Kokerov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokerov, Margo, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Marketingi Instituudi, Turunduskeskuse ja Emori korraldatud konkursist Eesti Turundustegu 2000. Ülevaade finaaltöödest - A. Le Coq'i turuosa kasv, Dynamo kõnepakett, Eesti väljapanek Expo 2000-1, Hiirte juust ja Ego järelmaksukaart

  2. The Influence of Chronic Ego Depletion on Goal Adherence: An Experience Sampling Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ligang; Tao, Ting; Fan, Chunlei; Gao, Wenbin; Wei, Chuguang

    2015-01-01

    Although ego depletion effects have been widely observed in experiments in which participants perform consecutive self-control tasks, the process of ego depletion remains poorly understood. Using the strength model of self-control, we hypothesized that chronic ego depletion adversely affects goal adherence and that mental effort and motivation are involved in the process of ego depletion. In this study, 203 students reported their daily performance, mental effort, and motivation with respect to goal directed behavior across a 3-week time period. People with high levels of chronic ego depletion were less successful in goal adherence than those with less chronic ego depletion. Although daily effort devoted to goal adherence increased with chronic ego depletion, motivation to adhere to goals was not affected. Participants with high levels of chronic ego depletion showed a stronger positive association between mental effort and performance, but chronic ego depletion did not play a regulatory role in the effect of motivation on performance. Chronic ego depletion increased the likelihood of behavior regulation failure, suggesting that it is difficult for people in an ego-depletion state to adhere to goals. We integrate our results with the findings of previous studies and discuss possible theoretical implications.

  3. Children's negative emotions and ego-resiliency: longitudinal relations with social competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Zoe E; Eisenberg, Nancy; VanSchyndel, Sarah K; Eggum-Wilkens, Natalie D; Spinrad, Tracy L

    2014-04-01

    We examined the relations of negative emotions in toddlerhood to the development of ego-resiliency and social competence across early childhood. Specifically, we addressed whether fear and anger/frustration in 30-month-old children (N = 213) was associated with the development of ego-resiliency across 4 time points (42 to 84 months), and, in turn, whether ego-resiliency predicted social competence at 84 months. Child anger/frustration negatively predicted the intercept of ego-resiliency at 42 months (controlling for prior ego-resiliency at 18 months) as well as the slope. Fear did not significantly predict either the intercept or slope of ego-resiliency in the structural model, although it was positively correlated with anger/frustration and was negatively related to ego-resiliency in zero-order correlations. The slope of ego-resiliency was positively related to children's social competence at 84 months; however, the intercept of ego-resiliency (set at 42 months) was not a significant predictor of later social competence. Furthermore, the slope of ego-resiliency mediated the relations between anger/frustration and children's later social competence. The results suggest that individual differences in anger/frustration might contribute to the development of ego-resiliency, which, in turn, is associated with children's social competence.

  4. EGO SINTONIK TOKOH-TOKOH HOMOSEKSUAL DALAM NOVEL INDONESIA MODERN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iswadi Bahardur

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Various human  behavior in  life is the  result  of conflict and reconciliation of aspects of personality called the id, ego, and superego. Unbalance function of these aspects will result in the emergence of deviant behavior. The uncontrolled aspect of ego causes people do not able to consider the feasibility of actions in terms of moral values, tends behalf of self pleasure without measure the value of good and bad. Homosexual behavior is one of theexamples of deviant behavior in human is caused by uncontrolled ego aspect by another aspect of personalities.One  of  the  phenomenon  in  modern  Indonesian  novels  is  rampant  homosexual themes which also being warmly discussed in various countries in the world now. In reality, few  countries  in  the  world  even  has  legalized  homosexual  marriage.  The  emergence  of homosexual themes in reality imaginative novels of modern Indonesian literature indicates that it reflects the problems that raged in the community in which the work was created.This study aimed to describe the human syntonic ego problem with homosexual behavior, especially the characters contained in the novels of modern Indonesia. The results showed  that  homosexual  characters,  gay  (homosexual  designation  for  men  and  lesbian (homosexual designation for women in the novels that became the source of the data has syntonic ego. The sexual orientation of these characters are deviate, like the same sex. The characters are comfortable with their sexual orientation, not in conflict with himself, and not trying to change their sexual orientation to be normal.

  5. The relationship between early ego strength and adolescent responses to the threat of nuclear war

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andrekus, N.J.

    1989-01-01

    Ego resiliency and ego control, measured when subjects were 3 or 4 years old, were related to expectation of war, concern for the future, and activism in response to the threat of nuclear war, measured when subjects were 18 years old. Data from 92 participants in a longitudinal study of ego and cognitive development conducted by Jeanne and Jack Block at the University of California, Berkeley were used to test hypotheses. Assessments with the California Child Q-set, composited across multiple independent observers, provide measures of ego resiliency and ego control. Adolescent interviews regarding the perception of likelihood of nuclear war, how this affects their future, and their antinuclear and general political activism were scaled and rated. Early ego resiliency and ego under control were hypothesized to account for the variance in adolescent nuclear responses and activism. The only significant longitudinal relationships were in the female sample, where ego under control was found to be a significant predictor of both general political activism (p<.01) and ideas of the future being affected by the nuclear threat (p<.05). Among males, the relationship between early ego resiliency and adolescent antinuclear activism approached significance (p<.10). Adolescent personality was significantly related to several measures of nuclear response. In girls, adolescent ego under control related to perception of likelihood of nuclear war (p<.05) and antinuclear activism (p<.05), and the interaction of ego resiliency and ego under control predicted general political activism (p<.0005). In boys, adolescent ego resiliency correlated with antinuclear activism (p<.05). These findings were discussed in terms of antecedent parenting styles, and conceptual links were drawn between children's ego resiliency and security of attachment, perspective taking, and moral development

  6. The relationship between early ego strength and adolescent responses to the threat of nuclear war

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrekus, N.J.

    1989-01-01

    Ego resiliency and ego control, measured when subjects were 3 or 4 years old, were related to expectation of war, concern for the future, and activism in response to the threat of nuclear war, measured when subjects were 18 years old. Data from 92 participants in a longitudinal study of ego and cognitive development conducted by Jeanne and Jack Block at the University of California, Berkeley were used to test hypotheses. Assessments with the California Child Q-set, composited across multiple independent observers, provide measures of ego resiliency and ego control. Adolescent interviews regarding the perception of likelihood of nuclear war, how this affects their future, and their antinuclear and general political activism were scaled and rated. Early ego resiliency and ego under control were hypothesized to account for the variance in adolescent nuclear responses and activism. The only significant longitudinal relationships were in the female sample, where ego under control was found to be a significant predictor of both general political activism (p<.01) and ideas of the future being affected by the nuclear threat (p<.05). Among males, the relationship between early ego resiliency and adolescent antinuclear activism approached significance (p<.10). Adolescent personality was significantly related to several measures of nuclear response. In girls, adolescent ego under control related to perception of likelihood of nuclear war (p<.05) and antinuclear activism (p<.05), and the interaction of ego resiliency and ego under control predicted general political activism (p<.0005). In boys, adolescent ego resiliency correlated with antinuclear activism (p<.05). These findings were discussed in terms of antecedent parenting styles, and conceptual links were drawn between children's ego resiliency and security of attachment, perspective taking, and moral development.

  7. Ego-motion based on EM for bionic navigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yue, Xiaofeng; Wang, L. J.; Liu, J. G.

    2015-12-01

    Researches have proved that flying insects such as bees can achieve efficient and robust flight control, and biologists have explored some biomimetic principles regarding how they control flight. Based on those basic studies and principles acquired from the flying insects, this paper proposes a different solution of recovering ego-motion for low level navigation. Firstly, a new type of entropy flow is provided to calculate the motion parameters. Secondly, EKF, which has been used for navigation for some years to correct accumulated error, and estimation-Maximization, which is always used to estimate parameters, are put together to determine the ego-motion estimation of aerial vehicles. Numerical simulation on MATLAB has proved that this navigation system provides more accurate position and smaller mean absolute error than pure optical flow navigation. This paper has done pioneering work in bionic mechanism to space navigation.

  8. Social Circles Detection from Ego Network and Profile Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-19

    way of organizing contacts in personal networks . They are therefore currently implemented in the major social net- working systems, such as Facebook ...0704-0188 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) - UU UU UU UU Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Social Circles Detection from Ego Network ...structural network information but also the contents of social interactions, with the aim to detect copying communities. The views, opinions and/or findings

  9. Discovering Social Circles in Ego Networks (Author’s Manuscript)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-10

    refer to as social cir- cles. Practically all major social networks provide such functionality, for example, ‘circles’ on Google+, and ‘lists’ on Facebook ...Discovering Social Circles in Ego Networks Julian McAuley and Jure Leskovec Stanford jmcauley@cs.stanford.edu, jure@cs.stanford.edu January 11, 2013...Abstract People’s personal social networks are big and cluttered, and currently there is no good way to automatically organize them. Social networking

  10. The Influence of Agreeableness and Ego Depletion on Emotional Responding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finley, Anna J; Crowell, Adrienne L; Harmon-Jones, Eddie; Schmeichel, Brandon J

    2017-10-01

    Agreeable individuals report more intense withdrawal-oriented negative emotions across aversive situations. Two studies tested the hypothesis that self-regulatory depletion (i.e., ego depletion) moderates the relationship between trait Agreeableness and negative emotional responding. Ego depletion was manipulated using a writing task. Emotional responding was measured with startle eye-blink responses (Study 1, N = 71) and self-reported valence, arousal, and empathic concern (Study 2, N = 256) during emotional picture viewing. Trait Agreeableness was measured using a questionnaire. In Study 1, Agreeableness predicted especially large startle responses during aversive images and especially small startles during appetitive images. After exercising self-control, the relationship between startle magnitudes and Agreeableness decreased. In Study 2, Agreeableness predicted more empathic concern for aversive images, which in turn predicted heightened self-reported negative emotions. After exercising self-control, the relationship between Agreeableness and empathic concern decreased. Agreeable individuals exhibit heightened negative emotional responding. Ego depletion reduced the link between Agreeableness and negative emotional responding in Study 1 and moderated the indirect effect of Agreeableness on negative emotional responding via empathic concern in Study 2. Empathic concern appears to be a resource-intensive process underlying heightened responding to aversive stimuli among agreeable persons. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Toward perception-based navigation using EgoSphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawamura, Kazuhiko; Peters, R. Alan; Wilkes, Don M.; Koku, Ahmet B.; Sekman, Ali

    2002-02-01

    A method for perception-based egocentric navigation of mobile robots is described. Each robot has a local short-term memory structure called the Sensory EgoSphere (SES), which is indexed by azimuth, elevation, and time. Directional sensory processing modules write information on the SES at the location corresponding to the source direction. Each robot has a partial map of its operational area that it has received a priori. The map is populated with landmarks and is not necessarily metrically accurate. Each robot is given a goal location and a route plan. The route plan is a set of via-points that are not used directly. Instead, a robot uses each point to construct a Landmark EgoSphere (LES) a circular projection of the landmarks from the map onto an EgoSphere centered at the via-point. Under normal circumstances, the LES will be mostly unaffected by slight variations in the via-point location. Thus, the route plan is transformed into a set of via-regions each described by an LES. A robot navigates by comparing the next LES in its route plan to the current contents of its SES. It heads toward the indicated landmarks until its SES matches the LES sufficiently to indicate that the robot is near the suggested via-point. The proposed method is particularly useful for enabling the exchange of robust route informa-tion between robots under low data rate communications constraints. An example of such an exchange is given.

  12. Relation of intelligence to ego functioning in an adult psychiatric population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, J G; Coyne, L; David, E

    1986-01-01

    Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) IQs and clinical ratings of 10 ego functions in a diagnostically heterogeneous sample of 60 adult psychiatric inpatients were correlated. With severity of pathology statistically controlled, higher intelligence was associated with more adequate ego functioning in several spheres: primary autonomous functions, thought processes, object relations, and mastery-competence. There were also some clinically meaningful differences between the Verbal and Performance IQs in the pattern of correlations. Extending Hartmann's original views, the authors employ an ethological framework to conceptualize intelligence in relation to the ego's role in adaptation, emphasizing that intelligence is an important-albeit neglected-aspect of ego functioning.

  13. Some technical implications of Klein's concept of 'premature ego development'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitrani, Judith L

    2007-08-01

    In this paper, the author revisits the problem of 'premature ego development' first introduced by Melanie Klein in 1930. She also highlights several developments in post-Kleinian thinking since the publication of that paper, which can be seen as offshoots of or complements to Klein's work. The author proposes a link between this category of precocious development and the absence of the experience of what Bion termed the 'containing object.' She puts forward several technical considerations relevant to analytic work with patients who suffer as a result of early developmental failures and presents various clinical vignettes in order to demonstrate the ways in which these considerations take shape in the analytic setting.

  14. Ego Depletion and the Strength Model of Self-Control: A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagger, Martin S.; Wood, Chantelle; Stiff, Chris; Chatzisarantis, Nikos L. D.

    2010-01-01

    According to the strength model, self-control is a finite resource that determines capacity for effortful control over dominant responses and, once expended, leads to impaired self-control task performance, known as "ego depletion". A meta-analysis of 83 studies tested the effect of ego depletion on task performance and related outcomes,…

  15. Ego Depletion Effects on Mathematics Performance in Primary School Students: Why Take the Hard Road?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Deborah Ann; Yates, Gregory C. R.

    2010-01-01

    Reduction in performance level following on from brief periods of self-control is referred to as ego depletion. This study aimed to investigate if a brief ego depletion experience would impact upon primary school students working through an online mathematics exercise involving 40 computational trials. Seventy-two students participated in the…

  16. The Bright Side of Threatened Narcissism: Improved Performance Following Ego Threat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevicka, Barbora; Baas, Matthijs; Ten Velden, Femke S

    2016-12-01

    Narcissistic individuals have highly positive self-views and overestimate their abilities. Consequently, they tend to react aggressively whenever they receive information that does not match their high self-views (ego threat). We argue that focusing on aggression merely portrays a one-sided view of narcissistic individuals and the manner in which they counter ego threats. We propose that following ego threat, narcissism can also fuel performance. In four studies, we measured nonclinical narcissism and allocated Dutch undergraduate university students (N 1  = 175, N 2  = 142, N 3  = 159, N 4  = 174) to either an ego threat or a no ego threat condition. Ego threat involved negative feedback (Studies 1-2) or threat to uniqueness (Studies 3-4). We measured participants' intentions to complete a challenging task (Study 1), their creative performance (Studies 2-3), and their performance on an anagram task (Study 4). Across Studies 1-3, we consistently found that following ego threat, higher nonclinical narcissism was associated with greater willingness to perform tasks that enabled demonstration of abilities and enhanced creative performance. These results were confirmed using a meta-analysis. However, anagram performance was not enhanced following ego threat. We provide additional analyses that might help explain this. Our findings thus reveal a more positive side to the way narcissistic individuals manage threats to their self-image. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Ego Defense and Media Access: Conflicting Rhetorical Needs of a Contemporary Social Movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Kathleen J.

    1980-01-01

    Describes the relationship among the social movements of the 1960s, particularly the feminist movement and the mass media. Analyzes the nature of the rhetoric of social activism in that period which is characterized by the ego-defensive responses to media-created reality and by ego-building responses to media's reality-creating potential. (JMF)

  18. Motivational Influences on Cognition: Task Involvement, Ego Involvement, and Depth of Information Processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Sandra; Golan, Shari

    1991-01-01

    Task involvement and ego involvement were studied in relation to depth of information processing for 126 fifth and sixth graders in 2 experiments. Ego involvement resulted in poorer word recall at deep rather than shallow information processing levels. Implications for the study of motivation are discussed. (SLD)

  19. Racial Identity Attitudes and Ego Identity Statuses in Dominican and Puerto Rican College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, Delida

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the relation between racial identity attitudes and ego identity statuses in 94 Dominican and Puerto Rican Latino college students in an urban public college setting. Simultaneous regression analyses were conducted to test the relation between racial identity attitudes and ego identity statuses, and findings indicated that…

  20. Ego and Self: A Synthesis of Theories of Consciousness and Personality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatzel, Miriam

    Ego and self refer to two ways of being. They are related on the one hand to neurosis and health and on the other hand to rational and intuitive modes of consciousness. The author in this article considers consciousness as it pertains to knowing oneself. She examines how ego, the rational consciousness as applied to oneself, can obstruct…

  1. Evaluating Self-Concept and Ego Status in Erikson's Last Three Psychosocial Stages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamachek, Don

    1990-01-01

    Suggests behavioral criteria that can be used for assessing the status of self-concept and ego development in Erikson's last three psychosocial stages. Presents three tables of different behavioral expressions, each providing examples of possible behaviors and implicit attitudes related to positive and negative ego resolutions associated with last…

  2. The Self's Development and Ego Growth: Conceptual Analysis and Implications for Counselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamachek, Don E.

    1985-01-01

    Self development is conceptualized as surrounded by a series of ego rings that spread out from its center. Erikson's first five psychosocial stages are used as the developmental framework within which self-concept, self-esteem, and ego boundaries are viewed as component parts of the self's growth. Counseling implications are used. (Author/BL)

  3. The relation of ego integrity and despair to personality traits and mental health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westerhof, Gerben J.; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; McAdams, Dan P.

    Objectives: Existing studies in the Eriksonian tradition found that ego integrity and despair are important indicators of life-span development. The present study relates ego integrity and despair to contemporary theories of personality and mental health. Method: A cross-sectional study of Dutch

  4. The influence of ego depletion on sprint start performance in athletes without track and field experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englert, Chris; Persaud, Brittany N; Oudejans, Raôul R D; Bertrams, Alex

    2015-01-01

    We tested the assumption that ego depletion would affect the sprint start in a sample of N = 38 athletes without track and field experience in an experiment by applying a mixed between- (depletion vs. non-depletion) within- (T1: before manipulation of ego depletion vs. T2: after manipulation of ego depletion) subjects design. We assumed that ego depletion would increase the possibility for a false start, as regulating the impulse to initiate the sprinting movement too soon before the starting signal requires self-control. In line with our assumption, we found a significant interaction as there was only a significant increase in the number of false starts from T1 to T2 for the depletion group while this was not the case for the non-depletion group. We conclude that ego depletion has a detrimental influence on the sprint start in athletes without track and field experience.

  5. "When the going gets tough, who keeps going?" Depletion sensitivity moderates the ego-depletion effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmon, Stefanie J; Adriaanse, Marieke A; De Vet, Emely; Fennis, Bob M; De Ridder, Denise T D

    2014-01-01

    Self-control relies on a limited resource that can get depleted, a phenomenon that has been labeled ego-depletion. We argue that individuals may differ in their sensitivity to depleting tasks, and that consequently some people deplete their self-control resource at a faster rate than others. In three studies, we assessed individual differences in depletion sensitivity, and demonstrate that depletion sensitivity moderates ego-depletion effects. The Depletion Sensitivity Scale (DSS) was employed to assess depletion sensitivity. Study 1 employs the DSS to demonstrate that individual differences in sensitivity to ego-depletion exist. Study 2 shows moderate correlations of depletion sensitivity with related self-control concepts, indicating that these scales measure conceptually distinct constructs. Study 3 demonstrates that depletion sensitivity moderates the ego-depletion effect. Specifically, participants who are sensitive to depletion performed worse on a second self-control task, indicating a stronger ego-depletion effect, compared to participants less sensitive to depletion.

  6. Ego Identity Status of Medical Students in Clerkship

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    Tanya Beran

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Medical students encounter a variety of experiences that have an impact on their emerging professional identity. Clerkship, in particular, presents opportunities for students to consider their career options and decide upon a career path. The process of developing their professional identity begins well before clerkship, however. Anecdotal evidence suggests that interests in medicine begin as early as childhood. This study retrospectively examines the decision-making process clerks make in choosing medicine as a career. Methods: A total of 76 clerks (36 male, 34 female, 6 not reported responded to four open-ended and two follow-up questions that measure career interests and pursuits. Questions addressed when and how students developed interests in medicine and alternate careers before beginning medical school. An additional eight closed questions drawn from the Ego Status Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status II (EOM-EIS-II were administered. Content analyses and inter-rater reliability analyses were conducted to classify students according to Marcia’s1  four ego identity statuses. Results: Having obtained high inter-rater consistency (Cohen’s Kappa coefficient of 0.92, responses to the open-ended questions resulted in the classification of three identity statuses. In total, 49.3% of students were in the ‘achieved’ (high exploration and commitment to choices status and 48.1% were in the ‘foreclosed’ (low exploration but high commitment to choices status. A small percentage (1.3% of students were in the ‘moratorium’category (high exploration but low commitment to choices, while none of the students were in the ‘diffused’ (low exploration and low commitment to choices category. Conclusions: With approximately half of the students demonstrating a ‘foreclosed’ status, this study reveals that despite exposure to a variety of careers when attending university, only half of the students had seriously

  7. Finding the self by losing the self: Neural correlates of ego-dissolution under psilocybin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebedev, Alexander V; Lövdén, Martin; Rosenthal, Gidon; Feilding, Amanda; Nutt, David J; Carhart-Harris, Robin L

    2015-08-01

    Ego-disturbances have been a topic in schizophrenia research since the earliest clinical descriptions of the disorder. Manifesting as a feeling that one's "self," "ego," or "I" is disintegrating or that the border between one's self and the external world is dissolving, "ego-disintegration" or "dissolution" is also an important feature of the psychedelic experience, such as is produced by psilocybin (a compound found in "magic mushrooms"). Fifteen healthy subjects took part in this placebo-controlled study. Twelve-minute functional MRI scans were acquired on two occasions: subjects received an intravenous infusion of saline on one occasion (placebo) and 2 mg psilocybin on the other. Twenty-two visual analogue scale ratings were completed soon after scanning and the first principal component of these, dominated by items referring to "ego-dissolution", was used as a primary measure of interest in subsequent analyses. Employing methods of connectivity analysis and graph theory, an association was found between psilocybin-induced ego-dissolution and decreased functional connectivity between the medial temporal lobe and high-level cortical regions. Ego-dissolution was also associated with a "disintegration" of the salience network and reduced interhemispheric communication. Addressing baseline brain dynamics as a predictor of drug-response, individuals with lower diversity of executive network nodes were more likely to experience ego-dissolution under psilocybin. These results implicate MTL-cortical decoupling, decreased salience network integrity, and reduced inter-hemispheric communication in psilocybin-induced ego disturbance and suggest that the maintenance of "self"or "ego," as a perceptual phenomenon, may rest on the normal functioning of these systems. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Conformity and dietary disinhibition: a test of the ego-strength model of self-regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahan, Dana; Polivy, Janet; Herman, C Peter

    2003-03-01

    Ego-strength depletion was examined as an explanation for dietary disinhibition in restrained eaters. We predicted that the depletion of ego strength resulting from having to choose whether to conform would undermine dietary restraint. Participants completed an Asch-type conformity task, after which they completed a taste-rating task in which food intake was measured. As predicted, restrained eaters who repeatedly exercised choice ate significantly more than did restrained eaters who did not exercise choice. An ego-strength model of dietary restraint is discussed. Copyright 2003 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Healing the wounded self: combining hypnotherapy with ego state therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alladin, Assen

    2013-07-01

    The purpose of this article is to formulate a theoretical conceptualization for utilizing ego state therapy (EST) as an adjunct with cognitive hypnotherapy (CH) for depression. As the relationship between life events and onset of depression is very complex, it is not clear from current literature how stressors cause depressive symptoms. The notion of "wounded self," derived from the work of Wolfe (2005, 2006), is examined as a potential unifying concept for binding the role of risk factors in the precipitation of depression. By incorporating wounded self, the circular feedback model of depression, on which CH for depression is based, is expanded. This revised version provides conceptual and empirical underpinnings for integrating EST with CH in the management of depression.

  10. The gene-editing of super-ego.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Bjørn

    2018-04-17

    New emerging biotechnologies, such as gene editing, vastly extend our ability to alter the human being. This comes together with strong aspirations to improve humans not only physically, but also mentally, morally, and socially. These conjoined ambitions aggregate to what can be labelled "the gene editing of super-ego." This article investigates a general way used to argue for new biotechnologies, such as gene-editing: if it is safe and efficacious to implement technology X for the purpose of a common good Y, why should we not do so? This is a rhetorical question with a conditional, and may be dismissed as such. Moreover, investigating the question transformed into a formal argument reveals that the argument does not hold either. Nonetheless, the compelling force of the question calls for closer scrutiny, revealing that this way of arguing for biotechnology is based on five assumptions. Analysis of these assumptions shows their significant axiological, empirical, and philosophical challenges. This makes it reasonable to claim that these kinds of question based promotions of specific biotechnologies fail. Hence, the aspirations to make a super-man with a super-ego appear fundamentally flawed. As these types of moral bioenhancement arguments become more prevalent, a revealing hype test is suggested: What is special with this technology (e.g., gene editing), compared to existing methods, that makes it successful in improving human social characteristics in order to make the world a better place for all? Valid answers to this question will provide good reasons to pursue such technologies. Hence, the aim is not to bar the development of modern biotechnology, but rather to ensure good developments and applications of highly potent technologies. So far, we still have a long way to go to make persons with goodness gene(s).

  11. Investigation of Ego and Task Orientation among International Wrestling Referees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Barbas

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: study was to investigate any possible effect(s of experiences from active membership and participation in task or ego orientations among referees in the sport of wrestling. Material: The sample consisted of 213 international referees from 30 countries (Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria, France, Italy, Germany, Sweden, Finland, Switzerland, Russia, Poland, Hungary, U.S.A, Ukraine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Egypt, Canada, Georgia, Croatia, Uzbekistan, Norway, Cuba, Belarus, & Tunisia. Their age ranged from 26 to 60 yrs. old ( M =43, SD =8.6. During the procedure, the participants were asked to fill a specific questionnaire, the «Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire» (Duda & Nicholls, 1992. Results: Results showed that the referees from elite wrestling level’ countries (Russia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, U.S.A., Korea, Japan, Kazakhstan, & Cuba are more task oriented than those from the non-elite wrestling level’ countries. Researchers believe that this occurred because referees from non-elite wrestling level’ countries might have less game-sport experience and more specifically in high level games. At the same time, the Olympic experience referees were more task oriented than the non-Olympic experienced. Conclusion: Referee’s decisions are an important issue in the sport milieu. The investigations in decision-making by referees and factors that affect it are rather scarce and research should focus on such topics. Improvement of decision-making by referees, would lead to safer and better performance. Thus, better understanding of referees’ behavior, through identification and operationalization of the factors affecting it, might lead to more effective selection, training and performance.

  12. Relations of parenting style to Chinese children's effortful control, ego resilience, and maladjustment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Chang, Lei; Ma, Yue; Huang, Xiaorui

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the relations of authoritative parenting and corporal punishment to Chinese first and second graders' effortful control (EC), impulsivity, ego resilience, and maladjustment, as well as mediating relations. A parent and teacher reported on children's EC, impulsivity, and ego resilience; parents reported on children's internalizing symptoms and their own parenting, and teachers and peers reported on children's externalizing symptoms. Authoritative parenting and low corporal punishment predicted high EC, and EC mediated the relation between parenting and externalizing problems. In addition, impulsivity mediated the relation of corporal punishment to externalizing problems. The relation of parenting to children's ego resilience was mediated by EC and/or impulsivity, and ego resilience mediated the relations of EC and impulsivity to internalizing problems.

  13. Relations of parenting style to Chinese children’s effortful control, ego resilience, and maladjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    EISENBERG, NANCY; CHANG, LEI; MA, YUE; HUANG, XIAORUI

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the relations of authoritative parenting and corporal punishment to Chinese first and second graders’ effortful control (EC), impulsivity, ego resilience, and maladjustment, as well as mediating relations. A parent and teacher reported on children’s EC, impulsivity, and ego resilience; parents reported on children’s internalizing symptoms and their own parenting, and teachers and peers reported on children’s externalizing symptoms. Authoritative parenting and low corporal punishment predicted high EC, and EC mediated the relation between parenting and externalizing problems. In addition, impulsivity mediated the relation of corporal punishment to externalizing problems. The relation of parenting to children’s ego resilience was mediated by EC and/or impulsivity, and ego resilience mediated the relations of EC and impulsivity to internalizing problems. PMID:19338693

  14. Nature gives us strength: exposure to nature counteracts ego-depletion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Jason T; Lau, Shun

    2015-01-01

    Previous research rarely investigated the role of physical environment in counteracting ego-depletion. In the present research, we hypothesized that exposure to natural environment counteracts ego-depletion. Three experiments were conducted to test this hypothesis. In Experiment 1, initially depleted participants who viewed pictures of nature scenes showed greater persistence on a subsequent anagram task than those who were given a rest period. Experiment 2 expanded upon this finding by showing that natural environment enhanced logical reasoning performance after ego-depleting task. Experiment 3 adopted a two- (depletion vs. no-depletion) -by-two (nature exposure vs. urban exposure) factorial design. We found that nature exposure moderated the effect of depletion on anagram task performance. Taken together, the present studies offer a viable and novel strategy to mitigate the negative impacts of ego-depletion.

  15. Sex role identity in young adults: its parental antecedents and relation to ego development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costos, D

    1986-03-01

    This study, inspired by Block's (1973) work, was designed to enable one to examine how ego development and socialization experience interact in relation to sex role identity. Sex role identity was measured via the Bem Sex Role Inventory, and socialization practices were measured via the Block Child-Rearing Practices Report. Both measures were scaled so as to yield scores on agency, communion, and androgyny. Ego development was assessed via Loevinger's Sentence Completion Test of Ego Development. The sample consisted of 120 young adult men and women, married and single. Analyses revealed that the predictive power of the variables differed by sex. Ego development was predictive of sex role identity in men but not women, whereas socialization practices were predictive of sex role identity in women but not men. The results were seen as supporting Chodorow's (1974) position regarding the differing socialization experiences of men and women.

  16. Relations of parenting style to Chinese children’s effortful control, ego resilience, and maladjustment

    OpenAIRE

    EISENBERG, NANCY; CHANG, LEI; MA, YUE; HUANG, XIAORUI

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the relations of authoritative parenting and corporal punishment to Chinese first and second graders’ effortful control (EC), impulsivity, ego resilience, and maladjustment, as well as mediating relations. A parent and teacher reported on children’s EC, impulsivity, and ego resilience; parents reported on children’s internalizing symptoms and their own parenting, and teachers and peers reported on children’s externalizing symptoms. Authoritative parenti...

  17. Evaluation of a program on self-esteem and ego-identity for Korean nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Yun-Jung

    2016-09-01

    Nursing students with high levels of self-esteem and a strong ego-identity maintain a level of self-integrity that enables them to participate successfully in shared group values and interests while simultaneously meeting their own needs. Self-esteem and ego-identity are associated with academic achievement, major (area of study) satisfaction, and life satisfaction in undergraduate students. This study evaluated a brief group program for Korean nursing students that focused on promoting positive self-esteem and ego-identity development. Twenty-three Korean nursing school students participated. Changes in the students' ego-identity and self-esteem were quantitatively examined. Scores for ego-identity and self-esteem increased significantly for the students who participated in the group, while scores in the control group remained the same. The program is judged as an effective method for nursing educators or college mental health providers to utilize in order to promote affirmative ego-identity and self-esteem in nursing students. Additionally, the program contributes to helping students achieve developmental goals during their college life. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  18. THE IMPACT OF EGO-INVOLVEMENT IN THE CREATION OF FALSE CHILDHOOD MEMORIES

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    Iris Zezelj

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available An experiment employed a "familiar-informant false-narrative proce-dure" to examine the effects of ego involvement manipulation on the creation of false memories for suggested events. Our main sample consisted of 54 Serbian adolescent students. During the pre-testing stage, students’ parents (N=54 provided details from their children childhoods, which were used to create stimuli for the subsequent stages. Half of the participants were given an ego-involving suggestion- a short written statement that claimed that people with higher intelligence have a better and more detailed memory of their childhood. We hypothesized that ego-involved group would recollect more childhood events in general, create more false memories and be more confident in its’ authenticity and clarity. Implanted event was recognized as autobiographic by 24% respondents in the testing stage and by 44.4% respondents in the retesting stage. There were significant qualitative differences between authentic and false memories: authentic memories were assessed as more reliable and clearer than the false ones. Ego-involvement manipulation had no impact on the frequency or quality of false memories reported by the participants. Even though the specific ego-involvement manipulation was not successful, our findings suggest that other motivating strategies we employed pushed the respondents into accepting false memory suggestion in the retesting stage. Future research could benefit from testing more elaborate ego-involving procedures.

  19. Self-concept and ego development in deaf adolescents: a comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gent, Tiejo; Goedhart, Arnold W; Knoors, Harry E T; Westenberg, P Michiel; Treffers, Philip D A

    2012-01-01

    Self-concept and ego development, two intertwined aspects of self-indicating well-being and social-cognitive maturation, respectively, were examined in a representative sample of deaf adolescents of normal intelligence (N = 68), using translated and adapted versions of Harter's (1988, Manual for the self-perception profile for adolescents. Denver, CO: University of Denver) multidimensional measure of self-concept and Loevinger's (1998, Technical foundations for measuring ego development. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum) measure of ego development. Compared to hearing norm groups, deaf adolescents showed lower levels of self-perceived social acceptance, close friendships and ego development and higher physical appearance. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses controlling for sociodemographic variables showed positive associations of global self-worth with support for signing during childhood and quality of parent-child communication and of ego development with attending a regular school. Cluster analysis identified three social competence profiles: uniformly low competence, uniformly high competence, and low social acceptance with high physical appearance. Cluster membership was associated with school type, ego development, and (past) neurological disorder. The results are discussed in reference to interventions aimed at the well-being of deaf youth.

  20. Does ego development increase during midlife? The effects of openness and accommodative processing of difficult events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilgendahl, Jennifer Pals; Helson, Ravenna; John, Oliver P

    2013-08-01

    Although Loevinger's model of ego development is a theory of personality growth, there are few studies that have examined age-related change in ego level over developmentally significant periods of adulthood. To address this gap in the literature, we examined mean-level change and individual differences in change in ego level over 18 years of midlife. In this longitudinal study, participants were 79 predominantly White, college-educated women who completed the Washington University Sentence Completion Test in early (age 43) and late (age 61) midlife as well as measures of the trait of Openness (ages 21, 43, 52, and 61) and accommodative processing (assessed from narratives of difficult life events at age 52). As hypothesized, the sample overall showed a mean-level increase in ego level from age 43 to age 61. Additionally, a regression analysis showed that both the trait of Openness at age 21 and accommodative processing of difficult events that occurred during (as opposed to prior to) midlife were each predictive of increasing ego level from age 43 to age 61. These findings counter prior claims that ego level remains stable during adulthood and contribute to our understanding of the underlying processes involved in personality growth in midlife. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Reciprocal Relations Between Emotional Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Ego-Resiliency across Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milioni, Michela; Alessandri, Guido; Eisenberg, Nancy; Castellani, Valeria; Zuffianò, Antonio; Vecchione, Michele; Caprara, Gian Vittorio

    2015-01-01

    Objective The present study examined the longitudinal relations of adolescents’ self-reported ego-resiliency to their emotional self-efficacy beliefs in expressing positive emotions and in managing negative emotions as they moved into early adulthood. Method Participants were 239 females and 211 males with a mean age of 17 years (SD = .80) at T1, 19 years (SD = .80) at T2, 21 years (SD = .82) at T3, and 25 years (SD = .80) at T4. A four-wave cross-lagged regression model and mediational analyses were used. Results In a panel structural equation model controlling for the stability of the constructs, reciprocal relationships across time were found between ego-resiliency and emotional self-efficacy beliefs related to the expression of positive emotions and to the management of negative emotions. Moreover, the relation between ego-resiliency assessed at T1 and T3, and ego-resiliency assessed at T2 and T4 was mediated through emotional self-efficacy beliefs (at T2 and T3, respectively), and vice versa. Conclusions The posited conceptual model accounted for a significant portion of variance in ego-resiliency and has implications for understanding the development of ego-resiliency. PMID:25204666

  2. Personality development from adolescence to emerging adulthood: linking trajectories of ego development to the family context and identity formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syed, Moin; Seiffge-Krenke, Inge

    2013-02-01

    This longitudinal study analyzed personality development using an individual approach by examining changes in ego development across the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood. Specifically, the study mapped the heterogeniety in ego development growth trajectories and linked the different trajectories to the family context in adolescence and identity development in emerging adulthood. Participants were 98 families with a child who were followed from age 14 to age 24. Latent class growth analysis identified 4 distinct trajectories of growth in ego development of the children over the 10-year period. The results indicated that growth was more rapid during adolescence and tended to taper off in emerging adulthood. In addition, promotion of personal growth within the family and parents' ego development were particulary instrumental in children's ego developmental gains in adolescence. Finally, youth who demonstrated continued ego development into emerging adulthood also demonstrated heightened levels of identity exploration. (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

  3. Ego-location and situational awareness in semistructured environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodsell, Thomas G.; Snorrason, Magnus S.; Stevens, Mark R.; Stube, Brian; McBride, Jonah

    2003-09-01

    The success of any potential application for mobile robots depends largely on the specific environment where the application takes place. Practical applications are rarely found in highly structured environments, but unstructured environments (such as natural terrain) pose major challenges to any mobile robot. We believe that semi-structured environments-such as parking lots-provide a good opportunity for successful mobile robot applications. Parking lots tend to be flat and smooth, and cars can be uniquely identified by their license plates. Our scenario is a parking lot where only known vehicles are supposed to park. The robot looks for vehicles that do not belong in the parking lot. It checks both license plates and vehicle types, in case the plate is stolen from an approved vehicle. It operates autonomously, but reports back to a guard who verifies its performance. Our interest is in developing the robot's vision system, which we call Scene Estimation & Situational Awareness Mapping Engine (SESAME). In this paper, we present initial results from the development of two SESAME subsystems, the ego-location and license plate detection systems. While their ultimate goals are obviously quite different, our design demonstrates that by sharing intermediate results, both tasks can be significantly simplified. The inspiration for this design approach comes from the basic tenets of Situational Awareness (SA), where the benefits of holistic perception are clearly demonstrated over the more typical designs that attempt to solve each sensing/perception problem in isolation.

  4. Ethics and Ego: East-West Perceptions of Morality

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    Geir Sigurðsson

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The thesis from which this comparison proceeds is that the major differences between the East-Asian and Western ethical traditions emanate from divergent views of the kind of role selfhood or ego should play in social human life. A comparison of these views, it is suggested, will be helpful to flesh out the different perceptions of morality. It will be proposed that Western thinking is characterized by a stronger focus on the self, and that while Western ethical thinkers and schools certainly seek to reduce self-centeredness, such endeavours generally proceed through an augmentation of the role of human reason and thus a more intense and even tormenting self-consciousness. A clear reflection of this tendency is the ethical approach to moral issues qua issues associated with individual action and rational choice. The East-Asian approach differs from this in that it seeks to balance excessive introspection with a cultivated ‘sense’ of identification with the whole, be it society or the natural realm. While this approach, it seems, largely succeeds in preventing an existential kind of agony, it nevertheless suffers from some other serious weaknessess. Hence both traditions, it is argued, have something to offer one other. The discussion offered here is merely a sketchy outline that may hopefully work as a first step toward that purpose.

  5. Personality Traits, Ego Development, and the Redemptive Self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Jen; Klevan, Miriam; McAdams, Dan P

    2016-09-20

    Life narratives are the internalized stories that people construct to provide meaning, purpose, and coherence in their lives. Prior research suggests that psychologically healthy and socially engaged adults generally narrate their lives in a prototypical fashion labeled the redemptive self, consisting of five themes: (a) a sense of childhood advantage, (b) empathy for others' sufferings, (c) moral steadfastness, (d) turning of negative events into positive outcomes (redemption sequences), and (e) prosocial goals. The current study examines trait correlates of the redemptive self in 157 late-midlife adults. Summing thematic scores across 12 life story interview scenes, the redemptive self was positively associated with four of the Big Five traits: extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and emotional stability, but unrelated to cognitive features of personality, as assessed on openness and ego development. The findings suggest those with positive socio-emotional personality traits, but not necessarily a proclivity for sophisticated thoughts, tend to have redemptive life stories. © 2016 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

  6. Ego consciousness in the Japanese psyche: culture, myth and disaster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yama, Megumi

    2013-02-01

    With globalization, modern Western consciousness has spread across the world. This influx has affected the Japanese culture but ego consciousness has emerged through a long history and different course from that of the West. At a personal level, I have been interested in the establishment of a subject in a culture that values homogeneity and to understand this, I reflect on my own history of living in both the East and the West and on my experience practising psychotherapy. To show Japanese collective functioning at its best, I describe the human inter-connectedness and collaboration during the 2011 disaster. I explore the 'Nothing' at the centre of the Japanese psyche, through a reading of Japanese myth, especially the most originary and almost pre-human stories that come before the anthropomorphized 'First Parents'. A retelling of this founding story, reveals the multiple iterations over time that manifest in embodied being; this gradual emergence of consciousness is contrasted with Western myths of origin that are more clear and specific. This study attempts to bring awareness of the value and meaning of Eastern consciousness and its centre in the 'Nothing'. © 2013, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  7. When the Going Gets Tough, Who Keeps Going? Depletion Sensitivity Moderates the Ego-Depletion Effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanie J. Salmon

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Self-control relies on a limited resource that can get depleted, a phenomenon that has been labeled ego-depletion. We argue that individuals may differ in their sensitivity to depleting tasks, and that consequently some people deplete their self-control resource at a faster rate than others. In three studies, we assessed individual differences in depletion sensitivity, and demonstrate that depletion sensitivity moderates ego-depletion effects. The Depletion Sensitivity Scale (DSS was employed to assess depletion sensitivity. Study 1 employs the DSS to demonstrate that individual differences in sensitivity to ego-depletion exist. Study 2 shows moderate correlations of depletion sensitivity with related self-control concepts, indicating that these scales measure conceptually distinct constructs. Study 3 demonstrates that depletion sensitivity moderates the ego-depletion effect. Specifically, participants who are sensitive to depletion performed worse on a second self-control task, indicating a stronger ego-depletion effect, compared to participants less sensitive to depletion.

  8. NEWLY IDENTIFIED EXTENDED GREEN OBJECTS (EGOs) FROM THE SPITZER GLIMPSE II SURVEY. II. MOLECULAR CLOUD ENVIRONMENTS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen Xi; Gan Conggui; Shen Zhiqiang [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030 (China); Ellingsen, Simon P.; Titmarsh, Anita [School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania (Australia); He Jinhua, E-mail: chenxi@shao.ac.cn [Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Yunnan Astronomical Observatory/National Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 110, Kunming 650011, Yunnan Province (China)

    2013-06-01

    We have undertaken a survey of molecular lines in the 3 mm band toward 57 young stellar objects using the Australia Telescope National Facility Mopra 22 m radio telescope. The target sources were young stellar objects with active outflows (extended green objects (EGOs)) newly identified from the GLIMPSE II survey. We observe a high detection rate (50%) of broad line wing emission in the HNC and CS thermal lines, which combined with the high detection rate of class I methanol masers toward these sources (reported in Paper I) further demonstrates that the GLIMPSE II EGOs are associated with outflows. The physical and kinematic characteristics derived from the 3 mm molecular lines for these newly identified EGOs are consistent with these sources being massive young stellar objects with ongoing outflow activity and rapid accretion. These findings support our previous investigations of the mid-infrared properties of these sources and their association with other star formation tracers (e.g., infrared dark clouds, methanol masers and millimeter dust sources) presented in Paper I. The high detection rate (64%) of the hot core tracer CH{sub 3}CN reveals that the majority of these new EGOs have evolved to the hot molecular core stage. Comparison of the observed molecular column densities with predictions from hot core chemistry models reveals that the newly identified EGOs from the GLIMPSE II survey are members of the youngest hot core population, with an evolutionary time scale of the order of 10{sup 3} yr.

  9. Ego depletion decreases trust in economic decision making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainsworth, Sarah E.; Baumeister, Roy F.; Vohs, Kathleen D.; Ariely, Dan

    2014-01-01

    Three experiments tested the effects of ego depletion on economic decision making. Participants completed a task either requiring self-control or not. Then participants learned about the trust game, in which senders are given an initial allocation of $10 to split between themselves and another person, the receiver. The receiver receives triple the amount given and can send any, all, or none of the tripled money back to the sender. Participants were assigned the role of the sender and decided how to split the initial allocation. Giving less money, and therefore not trusting the receiver, is the safe, less risky response. Participants who had exerted self-control and were depleted gave the receiver less money than those in the non-depletion condition (Experiment 1). This effect was replicated and moderated in two additional experiments. Depletion again led to lower amounts given (less trust), but primarily among participants who were told they would never meet the receiver (Experiment 2) or who were given no information about how similar they were to the receiver (Experiment 3). Amounts given did not differ for depleted and non-depleted participants who either expected to meet the receiver (Experiment 2) or were led to believe that they were very similar to the receiver (Experiment 3). Decreased trust among depleted participants was strongest among neurotics. These results imply that self-control facilitates behavioral trust, especially when no other cues signal decreased social risk in trusting, such as if an actual or possible relationship with the receiver were suggested. PMID:25013237

  10. Delayed Ego Strength Development in Opioid Dependent Adolescents and Young Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramoff, Benjamin A.; Lange, Hannah L. H.; Matson, Steven C.; Cottrill, Casey B.; Bridge, Jeffrey A.; Abdel-Rasoul, Mahmoud; Bonny, Andrea E.

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To evaluate ego strengths, in the context of Erikson's framework, among adolescents and young adults diagnosed with opioid dependence as compared to non-drug using youth. Methods. Opioid dependent (n = 51) and non-drug using control (n = 31) youth completed the self-administered Psychosocial Inventory of Ego Strengths (PIES). The PIES assesses development in the framework of Erikson's ego strength stages. Multivariate linear regression modeling assessed the independent association of the primary covariate (opioid dependent versus control) as well as potential confounding variables (e.g., psychiatric comorbidities, intelligence) with total PIES score. Results. Mean total PIES score was significantly lower in opioid dependent youth (231.65 ± 30.39 opioid dependent versus 270.67 ± 30.06 control; p development. A treatment approach acknowledging this delay may be needed in the counseling and treatment of adolescents with opioid dependence. PMID:26664819

  11. Quiet Ego, Self-Regulatory Skills, and Perceived Stress in College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wayment, Heidi A; Cavolo, Keragan

    2018-04-13

    Examine the unique contributions of self-control and grit subscales (perseverance, interest consistency) as potential mediators of the relationship between quiet ego characteristics and less perceived stress in college students. Data from 1117 college students were collected between October, 2015 and May, 2016. The sample was split randomly into exploratory and confirmatory samples. Multiple mediator models were tested with PROCESS module (SPSS v. 24) in both samples. Hypotheses were largely confirmed with self-control fully mediating the link between quiet ego and perceived stress in both samples. Although many self-regulatory constructs may argue for their positive impact on college student outcomes, interventions that strengthen self-control, and not grit, may be most promising to reduce perceived stress. Further, interventions to strengthen quiet ego characteristics may be beneficial for strengthening self-control in college students.

  12. The Interrelationship of Social Anxiety with Anxiety, Depression, Locus of Control, Ways of Coping and Ego Strength amongst University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, Robin-Marie; Edelman, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    This is the first study to investigate the interrelationship of social anxiety with the variables anxiety, depression, locus of control, ego strength and ways of coping in a sample of university students. There were high scores of social anxiety which were related to high scores on measures of anxiety and depression, low ego strength, external…

  13. An Investigation of Task and Ego Oriented Goals of the Students Majoring at the Faculty of Sport Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belli, Emre

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to explore the task and ego oriented goals of the students majoring at the Faculty of Sports Sciences at Ataturk University. For data collection, "The Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire", which was developed by Duda (1) and adapted into Turkish by Toros and Yetim (2), was used in the current study to…

  14. "When the going gets tough, who keeps going?" Depletion sensitivity moderates the ego-depletion effect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salmon, Stefanie J.; Adriaanse, Marieke A.; De Vet, Emely; Fennis, Bob M.; De Ridder, Denise T D

    2014-01-01

    Self-control relies on a limited resource that can get depleted, a phenomenon that has been labeled ego-depletion. We argue that individuals may differ in their sensitivity to depleting tasks, and that consequently some people deplete their self-control resource at a faster rate than others. In

  15. "When the going gets tough, who keeps going?" : Depletion sensitivity moderates the ego-depletion effect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salmon, Stefanie J.; Adriaanse, Marieke A.; De Vet, Emely; Fennis, Bob M.; De Ridder, Denise T. D.

    2014-01-01

    Self-control relies on a limited resource that can get depleted, a phenomenon that has been labeled ego-depletion. We argue that individuals may differ in their sensitivity to depleting tasks, and that consequently some people deplete their self-control resource at a faster rate than others. In

  16. Stigma and Glucose Levels: Testing Ego Depletion and Arousal Explanations of Stereotype Threat Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penner, Andrew M.; Willer, Robb

    2011-01-01

    Stereotype threat research shows that when stigmatized group membership is made salient, group members' cognitive performance is lowered; however, the mechanism through which this effect operates is not well understood. This study tests between arousal and ego depletion accounts of stereotype threat by examining whether stereotype threat effects…

  17. Longitudinal Relations of Intrusive Parenting and Effortful Control to Ego-Resiliency during Early Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Zoe E.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Widaman, Keith F.

    2013-01-01

    Longitudinal relations among ego-resiliency (ER), effortful control (EC), and observed intrusive parenting were examined at 18, 30, and 42 months of age ("Ns" = 256, 230, and 210) using structural equation modeling. Intrusive parenting at 18 and 30 months negatively predicted EC a year later, over and above earlier levels. EC at…

  18. Ego Is a Hurdle in Second Language Learning: A Contrastive Study between Adults and Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, Shumaila; Akhter, Javed

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this research paper is to find out by comparing and contrasting between the adults and children in second language learning process how language ego of adult learners affects them to learn second language, and how it becomes a barrier for them in second language learning process. Nowadays learning English as foreign and second language…

  19. What's Going on in Your Professor's Head? Demonstrating the Id, Ego, and Superego

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segrist, Dan J.

    2009-01-01

    This article describes an in-class activity designed to demonstrate Freud's structural theory of the psyche, specifically the roles of the id, ego, and superego, as well as the interplay among them. Additionally, the activity visually illustrates Freud's ideas about the levels of consciousness associated with these 3 components. Pre-post quiz…

  20. A Robust Method for Ego-Motion Estimation in Urban Environment Using Stereo Camera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ci, Wenyan; Huang, Yingping

    2016-10-17

    Visual odometry estimates the ego-motion of an agent (e.g., vehicle and robot) using image information and is a key component for autonomous vehicles and robotics. This paper proposes a robust and precise method for estimating the 6-DoF ego-motion, using a stereo rig with optical flow analysis. An objective function fitted with a set of feature points is created by establishing the mathematical relationship between optical flow, depth and camera ego-motion parameters through the camera's 3-dimensional motion and planar imaging model. Accordingly, the six motion parameters are computed by minimizing the objective function, using the iterative Levenberg-Marquard method. One of key points for visual odometry is that the feature points selected for the computation should contain inliers as much as possible. In this work, the feature points and their optical flows are initially detected by using the Kanade-Lucas-Tomasi (KLT) algorithm. A circle matching is followed to remove the outliers caused by the mismatching of the KLT algorithm. A space position constraint is imposed to filter out the moving points from the point set detected by the KLT algorithm. The Random Sample Consensus (RANSAC) algorithm is employed to further refine the feature point set, i.e., to eliminate the effects of outliers. The remaining points are tracked to estimate the ego-motion parameters in the subsequent frames. The approach presented here is tested on real traffic videos and the results prove the robustness and precision of the method.

  1. Self-concept and Ego Development in Deaf Adolescents: A Comparative Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gent, T. van; Goedhart, A.W.; Knoors, H.E.T.; Westenberg, P.M.; Treffers, P.D.A.

    2012-01-01

    Self-concept and ego development, two intertwined aspects of self-indicating well-being and social-cognitive maturation, respectively, were examined in a representative sample of deaf adolescents of normal intelligence (N = 68), using translated and adapted versions of Harter's (1988, Manual for the

  2. The role of implicit affective responses and trait self-control in ego resource management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buczny, Jacek; Layton, Rebekah L.; Muraven, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Exertion of self-control requires reliance on ego resources. Impaired performance typically results once those resources have been depleted by previous use. Yet the mechanism behind the depletion processes is little understood. Beliefs, motivation, and physiological changes have been implicated, yet

  3. Ego Development and Conformity: A Construct Validity Study of the Washington University Sentence Completion Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppe, Carl F.; Loevinger, Jane

    1977-01-01

    Self and peer evaluations and experimental measures of conformity were given to 107 adolescent private school boys. Student discipline records also indicated the number of demerits. The self-report measures and the demerits showed maximum conformity between the self-protective and conscientious ego stages as measured by the Sentence Completion…

  4. Evaluating Self-Concept and Ego Development within Erikson's Psychosocial Framework: A Formulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamachek, Don E.

    1988-01-01

    Suggests criteria developed within context of Erikson's first five psychosocial stages that may help in evaluating self-concept and ego development. To assess strengths and weaknesses in self's growth as it progresses through the stages, five behavioral expressions tables are presented, each illustrating possible behaviors and implicit attitudes…

  5. Multivariate Analysis of the Relationship of Psychosocial Crisis Variables to Ego Identity Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothman, Kenneth M.

    1978-01-01

    Correlations were investigated between Erikson's psychosocial crisis stages (trust, autonomy, initiative, industry, identity, and intimacy) and Marcia's four identity statuses (achievement, moratorium, foreclosure, and diffusion). Erikson's theory of prosocial development and Marcia's ego identity status concept were supported. Coping with the…

  6. The Role of Ego Development in Psychosocial Adjustment among Boys with Delayed Puberty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindfors, Kaj; Elovainio, Marko; Wickman, Sanna; Vuorinen, Risto; Sinkkonen, Jari; Dunkel, Leo; Raappana, Aleksi

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the role of ego development, as measured with the Washington University sentence completion test, in the relationship between pubertal maturation and psychosocial adjustment (self-image and depression) in adolescent boys. The data consisted of 73 boys between 14 and 16 years of age. The results indicated that late maturing boys…

  7. Ego defense mechanisms in Pakistani medical students: a cross sectional analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid Roha

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ego defense mechanisms (or factors, defined by Freud as unconscious resources used by the ego to reduce conflict between the id and superego, are a reflection of how an individual deals with conflict and stress. This study assesses the prevalence of various ego defense mechanisms employed by medical students of Karachi, which is a group with higher stress levels than the general population. Methods A questionnaire based cross-sectional study was conducted on 682 students from five major medical colleges of Karachi over 4 weeks in November 2006. Ego defense mechanisms were assessed using the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ-40 individually and as grouped under Mature, Immature, and Neurotic factors. Results Lower mean scores of Immature defense mechanisms (4.78 were identified than those for Neurotic (5.62 and Mature (5.60 mechanisms among medical students of Karachi. Immature mechanisms were more commonly employed by males whereas females employed more Neurotic mechanisms than males. Neurotic and Immature defenses were significantly more prevalent in first and second year students. Mature mechanisms were significantly higher in students enrolled in Government colleges than Private institutions (p Conclusions Immature defense mechanisms were less commonly employed than Neurotic and Mature mechanisms among medical students of Karachi. The greater employment of Neurotic defenses may reflect greater stress levels than the general population. Employment of these mechanisms was associated with female gender, enrollment in a private medical college, and students enrolled in the first 2 years of medical school.

  8. Reverse ego-depletion: Acts of self-control can improve subsequent performance in Indian cultural contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savani, Krishna; Job, Veronika

    2017-10-01

    The strength model of self-control has been predominantly tested with people from Western cultures. The present research asks whether the phenomenon of ego-depletion generalizes to a culture emphasizing the virtues of exerting mental self-control in everyday life. A pilot study found that whereas Americans tended to believe that exerting willpower on mental tasks is depleting, Indians tended to believe that exerting willpower is energizing. Using dual task ego-depletion paradigms, Studies 1a, 1b, and 1c found reverse ego-depletion among Indian participants, such that participants exhibited better mental self-control on a subsequent task after initially working on strenuous rather than nonstrenuous cognitive tasks. Studies 2 and 3 found that Westerners exhibited the ego-depletion effect whereas Indians exhibited the reverse ego-depletion effect on the same set of tasks. Study 4 documented the causal effect of lay beliefs about whether exerting willpower is depleting versus energizing on reverse ego-depletion with both Indian and Western participants. Together, these studies reveal the underlying basis of the ego-depletion phenomenon in culturally shaped lay theories about willpower. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. Brief quiet ego contemplation reduces oxidative stress and mind-wandering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidi A. Wayment

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Excessive self-concern increases perceptions of threat and defensiveness. In contrast, fostering a more inclusive and expanded sense of self can reduce stress and improve well-being. We developed and tested a novel brief intervention designed to strengthen a student’s compassionate self-identity, an identity that values balance and growth by reminding them of four quiet ego characteristics: detached awareness, inclusive identity, perspective taking, and growth. Students (N = 32 in their first semester of college who reported greater self-protective (e.g., defensive goals in the first two weeks of the semester were invited to participate in the study. Volunteers were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: quiet ego contemplation (QEC, QEC with virtual reality headset (QEC-VR, and control. Participants came to the lab three times to engage in a 15-minute exercise in a 30-day period. The 15-minute Quiet Ego Contemplation (QEC briefly described each quiet ego characteristic followed by a few minutes time to reflect on what that characteristic meant to them. Those in the QEC condition reported improved quiet ego characteristics and pluralistic thinking, decreases in a urinary marker of oxidative stress, and reduced mind-wandering on a cognitive task. Contrary to expectation, participants who wore the VR headsets while listening to the QEC demonstrated the least improvement. Results suggest that a brief intervention that reduces self-focus and strengthens a more compassionate self-view may offer an additional resource that individuals can use in their everyday lives.

  10. The Life Mission Theory II. The Structure of the Life Purpose and the Ego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soren Ventegodt

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Pursuing your life mission is often very difficult, and many frustrations are experienced along the way. Major failures to bring out our potential can cause us considerable emotional pain. When this pain is unbearable, we are induced to shift from one intention and talent to another that better allows us to adapt and survive. Thus, we become set on a course that brings out a secondary or tertiary talent instead of the primary talent. This talent displacement may be expressed as a loss of our true nature or true self. The new purpose in life now functions as the core of a new personality: the ego. The ego has a structure similar to that of the true self. It is anchored in a talent and it draws on subtalents. But the person who is centered in his or her ego is not as powerful or talented as the person he or she originally was, living the primary purpose of life. This is because the original personality (the true self or “higher self” is still there, active and alive, behind the ego. Symptoms, disorders, and diseases may be explained by the loss of energy, joy in life, and intuitive competence because of inner conflicts, which may be alleviated or cured in the salutogenetic process of Antonovsky that helps patients find their sense of coherence or their primary purpose in life. Many cases of reduced ability to function, physically as well as psychologically, socially or sexually, can also be explained and alleviated in this way. When a person discovers his true talent and begins to use it with dedication, privately as well as professionally, his life will flourish and he may overcome even serious disease and great adversity in life. The salutogenetic process can also be called personal development or “quality of life as medicine”. It is important to note that the plan for personal development laid out by this theory is a plan not for the elimination of the ego, but for its cultivation. An existentially sound person still has a mental ego of

  11. The Preparation and Thermodynamics of Europium Dicarbide; Preparation et Thermodynamique du Bicarbure d'Europium; Poluchenie i termodinamicheskie svojstva dikarbida evropiya; Preparacion y Termodinamica del Dicarburo de Europio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gebelt, R. E. [Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK (United States); Eick, H. A. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI (United States)

    1966-01-15

    .u. Znachenija funkcii svobodnoj jenergii dlja EuC{sub 2} (S) rasschityvalis' i ispol'zovalis' vmeste s opublikovannymi dannymi s cel'ju poluchenija dlja jetoj reakcii iz tret'ego za{sup k}ona termodinamiki sledujushhej velichiny : {Delta}H{sup 0}{sub 298} = 51.22 {+-} 0.80 kkal/mol'. Dannye po jental'pijam, poluchennye dlja sluchaja reakcii dissociacii, uvjazyvalis' s opublikovannymi dannymi po jental'pii processa vyparivanija evropija s cel'ju poluchenija dlja standartnoj jental'pii pri obrazovanija EiS{sub 2} velichiny: {Delta}H{sub f(298)} = -9.17 {+-} 1.15 kkal/mol'. (author)

  12. When do ego threats lead to self-regulation failure? Negative consequences of defensive high self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambird, Kathleen Hoffman; Mann, Traci

    2006-09-01

    High self-esteem (HSE) is increasingly recognized as heterogeneous. By measuring subtypes of HSE, the present research reevaluates the finding that HSE individuals show poor self-regulation following ego threat (Baumeister, Heatherton, & Tice, 1993). In Experiment 1, participants with HSE showed poor self-regulation after ego threat only if they also were defensive (high in self-presentation bias). In Experiment 2, two measures--self-presentation bias and implicit self-esteem--were used to subtype HSE individuals as defensive. Both operationalizations of defensive HSE predicted poor self-regulation after ego threat. The results indicate that (a) only defensive HSE individuals are prone to self-regulation failure following ego threat and (b) measures of self-presentation bias and implicit self-esteem can both be used to detect defensiveness.

  13. Ego development, self-perception, and self-complexity in adolescence: a study of female psychiatric inpatients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, D W; Brody, L; Noam, G G

    2001-01-01

    A study of two groups of female psychiatric inpatients, differing in level of ego development, explored domains of self-perception that best predicted global self-worth and symptom clusters that best predicted second-order factors of self perception. Findings revealed quantitative and qualitative differences in self-complexities, and more positive self-perceptions among the higher ego-level group in scholastic competence, job competence, and behavioral conduct. Results are discussed from a developmental perspective.

  14. Ego depletion and positive illusions: does the construction of positivity require regulatory resources?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Peter; Greitemeyer, Tobias; Frey, Dieter

    2007-09-01

    Individuals frequently exhibit positive illusions about their own abilities, their possibilities to control their environment, and future expectations. The authors propose that positive illusions require resources of self-control, which is considered to be a limited resource similar to energy or strength. Five studies revealed that people with depleted self-regulatory resources indeed exhibited a less-optimistic sense of their own abilities (Study 1), a lower sense of subjective control (Study 2), and less-optimistic expectations about their future (Study 3). Two further studies shed light on the underlying psychological process: Ego-depleted (compared to nondepleted) individuals generated/retrieved less positive self-relevant attributes (Studies 4 and 5) and reported a lower sense of general self-efficacy (Study 5), which both partially mediated the impact of ego depletion on positive self-views (Study 5).

  15. An Ego Depletion Account of Aging Stereotypes' Effects on Health-Related Variables

    OpenAIRE

    Emile, Mélanie; d'Arripe-Longueville, Fabienne; Cheval, Boris; Amato, Massimiliano; Chalabaev, Aïna

    2017-01-01

    Objectives. This study examined whether stereotypes may predict health outcomes independently from their internalization into the self. Specifically, we tested whether endorsement of negative age stereotypes in the physical activity (PA) domain is related to decreased subjective vitality among active older adults, illustrating ego depletion. Method. This longitudinal study included 192 retired individuals aged 60-92 years who regularly participated in organized PA, and who completed the measu...

  16. Alter ego méthode de français : A2

    CERN Document Server

    Berthet, Annie; Kizirian, Véronique; Sampsonis, Béatrix; Waendendries, Monique

    2006-01-01

    ALTER ego 2 workbook serves as a complement to the student's book and is based on the same structure. It reinforces students' skills through a wide range of activities on: - vocabulary, - grammar, - communication skills, - written comprehension ans expression. The students can carry out the activities in the classroom or on their own. The portfolio at the end of the workbook is designed to help students reflect on and improve their language learning.

  17. A Robust Method for Ego-Motion Estimation in Urban Environment Using Stereo Camera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenyan Ci

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Visual odometry estimates the ego-motion of an agent (e.g., vehicle and robot using image information and is a key component for autonomous vehicles and robotics. This paper proposes a robust and precise method for estimating the 6-DoF ego-motion, using a stereo rig with optical flow analysis. An objective function fitted with a set of feature points is created by establishing the mathematical relationship between optical flow, depth and camera ego-motion parameters through the camera’s 3-dimensional motion and planar imaging model. Accordingly, the six motion parameters are computed by minimizing the objective function, using the iterative Levenberg–Marquard method. One of key points for visual odometry is that the feature points selected for the computation should contain inliers as much as possible. In this work, the feature points and their optical flows are initially detected by using the Kanade–Lucas–Tomasi (KLT algorithm. A circle matching is followed to remove the outliers caused by the mismatching of the KLT algorithm. A space position constraint is imposed to filter out the moving points from the point set detected by the KLT algorithm. The Random Sample Consensus (RANSAC algorithm is employed to further refine the feature point set, i.e., to eliminate the effects of outliers. The remaining points are tracked to estimate the ego-motion parameters in the subsequent frames. The approach presented here is tested on real traffic videos and the results prove the robustness and precision of the method.

  18. Conscious Anxiety, Conscious Repression and Ego-strength as Related to Dream Recall, Content and Vividness

    OpenAIRE

    Newbold, David

    1980-01-01

    Subjects' reported dream recall frequency, dream content and vividness or recall were discussed and examined in relation to sex of the subject and MMPI Conscious Anxiety, Conscious Repression and Ego-strength scores. Fifty-three Utah State University students, who volunteered to participate in a study of dreaming behavior, were administered the MMPI and asked to complete a dream log diary. The dream log required a daily recording of total number of dreams recalled, the number of vividly an...

  19. THE IMPACT OF EGO STATES OF PARENT, ADULT AND CHILD ON THE PROFESSIONAL CHOICE OF TEACHERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denitsa Alipieva

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The article uses an empirical approach examining the role of ego-states in the choice of pedagogical professionals 174 students were involved in the study that aims to show the discrepancies of the states of Parent, Child and Adolescence for choice of speciality and future work. The study subjects were provided with a Transactional Analysis Questionnaire (TAQ, 2014 and Thomas – Killman Conflict Mode Instrument (TKI, 1974.

  20. Ego-Motion and Tracking for Continuous Object Learning: A Brief Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-01

    past research related to the tasks of ego-motion estimation and object tracking from the viewpoint of their role in continuous object learning...in visual object tracking, competitions are held each year to identify the most accurate and robust tracking implementations. Over recent competitions...information should they share) or vice versa? These are just some of the questions that must be addressed in future research toward continuous object

  1. Narcissism and other-derogation in the absence of ego threat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Sun W; Colvin, C Randall

    2015-06-01

    The relation between narcissism and other-derogation has been examined primarily in the context of ego threat. In three studies, we investigated whether narcissistic individuals derogate others in the absence of ego threat. In Study 1, 79 judges watched four videotaped dyadic interactions and rated the personality of the same four people. In Study 2, 66 judges rated the personality of a friend. In Study 3, 72 judges considered the average Northeastern University student and rated the personality of this hypothetical person. Across the three studies, targets' personality characteristics were described on the 100-item California Adult Q-Sort (CAQ; Block, 2008). Judges' ratings of targets were compared to a CAQ prototype of the optimally adjusted person to assess target-derogation. Judges' narcissism and other-derogation were positively related in Studies 1 and 2. Narcissism positively predicted and self-esteem negatively predicted target-derogation after controlling for each other in Study 3. Narcissistic individuals derogate others more than non-narcissistic individuals regardless of whether ego threat is present or absent. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. A quiet ego quiets death anxiety: humility as an existential anxiety buffer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kesebir, Pelin

    2014-04-01

    Five studies tested the hypothesis that a quiet ego, as exemplified by humility, would buffer death anxiety. Humility is characterized by a willingness to accept the self and life without comforting illusions, and by low levels of self-focus. As a consequence, it was expected to render mortality thoughts less threatening and less likely to evoke potentially destructive behavior patterns. In line with this reasoning, Study 1 found that people high in humility do not engage in self-serving moral disengagement following mortality reminders, whereas people low in humility do. Study 2 showed that only people low in humility respond to death reminders with increased fear of death, and established that this effect was driven uniquely by humility and not by some other related personality trait. In Study 3, a low sense of psychological entitlement decreased cultural worldview defense in response to death thoughts, whereas a high sense of entitlement tended to increase it. Study 4 demonstrated that priming humility reduces self-reported death anxiety relative to both a baseline and a pride priming condition. Finally, in Study 5, experimentally induced feelings of humility prevented mortality reminders from leading to depleted self-control. As a whole, these findings obtained from relatively diverse Internet samples illustrate that the dark side of death anxiety is brought about by a noisy ego only and not by a quiet ego, revealing self-transcendence as a sturdier, healthier anxiety buffer than self-enhancement. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).

  3. Countering the Consequences of Ego Depletion: The Effects of Self-Talk on Selective Attention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregersen, Jón; Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis; Galanis, Evangelos; Comoutos, Nikos; Papaioannou, Athanasios

    2017-06-01

    This study examined the effects of a self-talk intervention on selective attention in a state of ego depletion. Participants were 62 undergraduate students with a mean age of 20.02 years (SD = 1.17). The experiment was conducted in four consecutive sessions. Following baseline assessment, participants were randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. A two-session training was conducted for the two groups, with the experimental group using self-talk. In the final assessment, participants performed a selective attention test, including visual and auditory components, following a task inducing a state of ego depletion. The analysis showed that participants of the experimental group achieved a higher percentage of correct responses on the visual test and produced faster reaction times in both the visual and the auditory test compared with participants of the control group. The results of this study suggest that the use of self-talk can benefit selective attention for participants in states of ego depletion.

  4. How Ego Depletion Affects Sexual Self-Regulation: Is It More Than Resource Depletion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolet, Kevin; Rouleau, Joanne-Lucine; Benbouriche, Massil; Carrier Emond, Fannie; Renaud, Patrice

    2015-12-21

    Rational thinking and decision making are impacted when in a state of sexual arousal. The inability to self-regulate arousal can be linked to numerous problems, like sexual risk taking, infidelity, and sexual coercion. Studies have shown that most men are able to exert voluntary control over their sexual excitation with various levels of success. Both situational and dispositional factors can influence self-regulation achievement. The goal of this research was to investigate how ego depletion, a state of low self-control capacity, interacts with personality traits-propensities for sexual excitation and inhibition-and cognitive absorption, to cause sexual self-regulation failure. The sexual responses of 36 heterosexual males were assessed using penile plethysmography. They were asked to control their sexual arousal in two conditions, with and without ego depletion. Results suggest that ego depletion has opposite effects based on the trait sexual inhibition, as individuals moderately inhibited showed an increase in performance while highly inhibited ones showed a decrease. These results challenge the limited resource model of self-regulation and point to the importance of considering how people adapt to acute and high challenging conditions.

  5. Psychometric Characteristics of a Patient Reported Outcome Measure on Ego-Integrity and Despair among Cancer Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gitta Kleijn

    Full Text Available To evaluate psychometric characteristics of a questionnaire (the Northwestern Ego-integrity Scale (NEIS on ego-integrity (the experience of wholeness and meaning in life, even in spite of negative experiences and despair (the experience of regret about the life one has led, and feelings of sadness, failure and hopelessness among cancer patients.Cancer patients (n = 164 completed patient reported outcome measures on ego-integrity and despair (NEIS, psychological distress, anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS, and quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30 (cancer survivors, n = 57 or EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL (advanced cancer patients, n = 107. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was used to assess construct validity. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess internal consistency. Convergent validity was tested based on a priori defined hypotheses: a higher level of ego-integrity was expected to be related to a higher level of quality of life, and lower levels of distress, depression and anxiety; a higher level of despair was expected to be related to a lower level of quality of life, and higher levels of distress, depression and anxiety.The majority of all items (94.5% of the NEIS were completed by patients and single item missing rate was below 2%. The two subscales, labeled as Ego-integrity (5 items and Despair (4 items had acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha .72 and .61, respectively. The Ego-integrity subscale was not significantly associated with quality of life, distress, anxiety, or depression. The Despair subscale correlated significantly (p <.001 with quality of life (r = -.29, distress (r = .44, anxiety (r = .47 and depression (r = .32.The NEIS has good psychometric characteristics to assess ego-integrity and despair among cancer patients.

  6. “When the going gets tough, who keeps going?” Depletion sensitivity moderates the ego-depletion effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmon, Stefanie J.; Adriaanse, Marieke A.; De Vet, Emely; Fennis, Bob M.; De Ridder, Denise T. D.

    2014-01-01

    Self-control relies on a limited resource that can get depleted, a phenomenon that has been labeled ego-depletion. We argue that individuals may differ in their sensitivity to depleting tasks, and that consequently some people deplete their self-control resource at a faster rate than others. In three studies, we assessed individual differences in depletion sensitivity, and demonstrate that depletion sensitivity moderates ego-depletion effects. The Depletion Sensitivity Scale (DSS) was employed to assess depletion sensitivity. Study 1 employs the DSS to demonstrate that individual differences in sensitivity to ego-depletion exist. Study 2 shows moderate correlations of depletion sensitivity with related self-control concepts, indicating that these scales measure conceptually distinct constructs. Study 3 demonstrates that depletion sensitivity moderates the ego-depletion effect. Specifically, participants who are sensitive to depletion performed worse on a second self-control task, indicating a stronger ego-depletion effect, compared to participants less sensitive to depletion. PMID:25009523

  7. No Evidence of the Ego-Depletion Effect across Task Characteristics and Individual Differences: A Pre-Registered Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lurquin, John H; Michaelson, Laura E; Barker, Jane E; Gustavson, Daniel E; von Bastian, Claudia C; Carruth, Nicholas P; Miyake, Akira

    2016-01-01

    Ego-depletion, a psychological phenomenon in which participants are less able to engage in self-control after prior exertion of self-control, has become widely popular in the scientific community as well as in the media. However, considerable debate exists among researchers as to the nature of the ego-depletion effect, and growing evidence suggests the effect may not be as strong or robust as the extant literature suggests. We examined the robustness of the ego-depletion effect and aimed to maximize the likelihood of detecting the effect by using one of the most widely used depletion tasks (video-viewing attention control task) and by considering task characteristics and individual differences that potentially moderate the effect. We also sought to make our research plan transparent by pre-registering our hypotheses, procedure, and planned analyses prior to data collection. Contrary to the ego-depletion hypothesis, participants in the depletion condition did not perform worse than control participants on the subsequent self-control task, even after considering moderator variables. These findings add to a growing body of evidence suggesting ego-depletion is not a reliable phenomenon, though more research is needed that uses large sample sizes, considers moderator variables, and pre-registers prior to data collection.

  8. The cases of observance and violation of politeness maxims by communicants in the ego-state of natural Child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Гульнара Фанзиловна Гизатова

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the study of human communication is of great importance in linguistics and psychology. In order to achieve smooth and conflict-free interaction it is necessary not only to respect the rules of politeness, but also to take into account the position of the speaker and the addressee. This explains the need to study many psychological factors in communication. This paper studies the ego-state of Natural Child in speech communication. Investigating the behavior of communicants in the ego-state of Natural Child, we rely on the theory of transactional analysis (E. Bern 1961 . According to this theory, the behavior of the speaker and the addressee in the ego-states of Natural Child varies from curious, inspiring, dreamy, and natural to the selfish, spiteful, shameless and impatient. The material for investigation is the dialogs from British and American fiction of XIX-XXI centuries. The dialogs contain the speaker and addressee’s replicas, meeting the essential requirements of the Principle of Politeness (G. Leech 1983 and the theory of transactional analysis. In our work we have applied hypothetical-deductive method, and methods of definitional and contextual analysis. The anylisis of our material demonstrates that communicants in the ego-state of Natural Child observe the maxims of generosity, tact and agreement, and violate the maxims of approbation, modesty and tact. Thus, the implementation of politeness maxims by communicants in ego-state of Natural Child depends entirely on their behavior.

  9. The influences of chronic illness and ego development on self-esteem in diabetic and psychiatric adolescent patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, A M; Hauser, S T; Powers, S; Noam, G

    1984-12-01

    Self-esteem as measured by the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory [Coopersmith, S. (1967),The Antecedents of Self-Esteem, Freeman, San Francisco] and ego development as measured by the Washington University Sentence Completion Test [Loevinger, J., and Wessler, R. (1970),Measuring Ego Development, Vol. I, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco] were evaluated in three groups of early adolescents: diabetic patients, nonpsychotic psychiatric patients, and a nonpatient group of high-school students. We found that low levels of ego development were associated with low levels of global and domain-specific self-esteem in all three subject groups. Levels of self-esteem among diabetic patients were not significantly different from those of nonpatients. While psychiatric patients had significantly lower self-esteem levels than the other groups, this difference was accounted for by preconformists, i.e., those at the lowest stages of ego development. Psychiatric patients reaching higher ego levels showed self-esteem levels indistinguishable from those of the diabetics and nonpatients.

  10. The Relations of Ego-Resiliency and Emotion Socialization to the Development of Empathy and Prosocial Behavior Across Early Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Zoe E.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Eggum, Natalie D.; Sulik, Michael J.

    2015-01-01

    The present study explored early personality and environmental predictors of the development of young children’s empathy, as well as relations of empathy to prosocial behavior with peers at a later age. How children manage their own emotions and behaviors when under stress—their ego-resiliency—would be expected to affect their responses to others’ emotions. Also, socialization experiences, such as the quality of parenting behaviors, have been associated with individual differences in empathy-related responding. We examined whether mothers’ emotion socialization practices and children’s ego-resiliency at 18 months predicted initial levels and change in empathy across five time points (24, 30, 42, 48, and 54 months; N = 242), and whether empathy in turn predicted prosocial behavior with peers at 72/84 months of age. Ego-resiliency and mothers’ expressive encouragement both uniquely predicted the intercept of empathy. Boys’ empathy was lower than girls’ but improved more with age. Initial levels and growth of empathy positively predicted later prosocial behavior. Children’s ego-resiliency predicted the slope of empathy at near significance (p = .054). We also found that the intercept of empathy mediated the relation between ego-resiliency and prosocial behavior as well as the relation between mothers’ expressive encouragement and prosocial behavior. These findings suggest that both parenting and personality characteristics are relevant to the development of empathy during early childhood and might contribute to children’s later prosocial behavior with peers. PMID:24098930

  11. Too Depleted to Try? Testing the Process Model of Ego Depletion in the Context of Unhealthy Snack Consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haynes, Ashleigh; Kemps, Eva; Moffitt, Robyn

    2016-11-01

    The process model proposes that the ego depletion effect is due to (a) an increase in motivation toward indulgence, and (b) a decrease in motivation to control behaviour following an initial act of self-control. In contrast, the reflective-impulsive model predicts that ego depletion results in behaviour that is more consistent with desires, and less consistent with motivations, rather than influencing the strength of desires and motivations. The current study sought to test these alternative accounts of the relationships between ego depletion, motivation, desire, and self-control. One hundred and fifty-six undergraduate women were randomised to complete a depleting e-crossing task or a non-depleting task, followed by a lab-based measure of snack intake, and self-report measures of motivation and desire strength. In partial support of the process model, ego depletion was related to higher intake, but only indirectly via the influence of lowered motivation. Motivation was more strongly predictive of intake for those in the non-depletion condition, providing partial support for the reflective-impulsive model. Ego depletion did not affect desire, nor did depletion moderate the effect of desire on intake, indicating that desire may be an appropriate target for reducing unhealthy behaviour across situations where self-control resources vary. © 2016 The International Association of Applied Psychology.

  12. On the relation between the concepts of self and ego in Kohut's psychology of the self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treurniet, N

    1980-01-01

    The concept of self is connected with its counterpart in the concepts of objective, subjective and transitional reality. The potential space of the Self is shown to be restricted rather than enhanced by an overemphasis on the role of empathy. This overemphasis is then related to narcissistic problems in the analyst himself. Self-psychology turns back the clock as it splits instead of integrates its relation with psychoanalysis, reducing so-called "classical analysis" to rigid conflict psychology as opposed to self-psychology, which claims the most central functions of the ego thereby confiscating the third episode in the development of the ego concept in Freud's work. Kohut's description of the transitional process in the psychoanalytic situation predominantly in terms of only one of its constituents, the empathic immersion, is considered to be related to his position vis-à-vis the drives. Using only experiential, as opposed to observational, categories he cannot but arrive at the conclusion that drive intensity is not the cause of central pathology but its result. This creates an imbalance in the clinical view that not only narcissistic mortification indeed produces drive manifestations but on the other hand intensive drive impulses also may produce a severe narcissistic mortification. An attempt is made to find theoretical conceptualizations preserving drive psychology as well as self-psychology by differentiating between a function and its content, i.e. the product of that function, the representation. The interdependence in the "working relation" of self and ego, of subjective experiencing and objective functioning, of our sense of freedom and our conviction of determinism is clarified. The seeming contradictions and conceptual confusion might also be related to an insufficient distinction between our two basic modes of perceiving the world, diacritic and coenaesthetic perception.

  13. Looking for the Self: Phenomenology, Neurophysiology and Philosophical Significance of Drug-induced Ego Dissolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphaël Millière

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available There is converging evidence that high doses of hallucinogenic drugs can produce significant alterations of self-experience, described as the dissolution of the sense of self and the loss of boundaries between self and world. This article discusses the relevance of this phenomenon, known as “drug-induced ego dissolution (DIED”, for cognitive neuroscience, psychology and philosophy of mind. Data from self-report questionnaires suggest that three neuropharmacological classes of drugs can induce ego dissolution: classical psychedelics, dissociative anesthetics and agonists of the kappa opioid receptor (KOR. While these substances act on different neurotransmitter receptors, they all produce strong subjective effects that can be compared to the symptoms of acute psychosis, including ego dissolution. It has been suggested that neuroimaging of DIED can indirectly shed light on the neural correlates of the self. While this line of inquiry is promising, its results must be interpreted with caution. First, neural correlates of ego dissolution might reveal the necessary neurophysiological conditions for the maintenance of the sense of self, but it is more doubtful that this method can reveal its minimally sufficient conditions. Second, it is necessary to define the relevant notion of self at play in the phenomenon of DIED. This article suggests that DIED consists in the disruption of subpersonal processes underlying the “minimal” or “embodied” self, i.e., the basic experience of being a self rooted in multimodal integration of self-related stimuli. This hypothesis is consistent with Bayesian models of phenomenal selfhood, according to which the subjective structure of conscious experience ultimately results from the optimization of predictions in perception and action. Finally, it is argued that DIED is also of particular interest for philosophy of mind. On the one hand, it challenges theories according to which consciousness always involves

  14. Looking for the Self: Phenomenology, Neurophysiology and Philosophical Significance of Drug-induced Ego Dissolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millière, Raphaël

    2017-01-01

    There is converging evidence that high doses of hallucinogenic drugs can produce significant alterations of self-experience, described as the dissolution of the sense of self and the loss of boundaries between self and world. This article discusses the relevance of this phenomenon, known as “drug-induced ego dissolution (DIED)”, for cognitive neuroscience, psychology and philosophy of mind. Data from self-report questionnaires suggest that three neuropharmacological classes of drugs can induce ego dissolution: classical psychedelics, dissociative anesthetics and agonists of the kappa opioid receptor (KOR). While these substances act on different neurotransmitter receptors, they all produce strong subjective effects that can be compared to the symptoms of acute psychosis, including ego dissolution. It has been suggested that neuroimaging of DIED can indirectly shed light on the neural correlates of the self. While this line of inquiry is promising, its results must be interpreted with caution. First, neural correlates of ego dissolution might reveal the necessary neurophysiological conditions for the maintenance of the sense of self, but it is more doubtful that this method can reveal its minimally sufficient conditions. Second, it is necessary to define the relevant notion of self at play in the phenomenon of DIED. This article suggests that DIED consists in the disruption of subpersonal processes underlying the “minimal” or “embodied” self, i.e., the basic experience of being a self rooted in multimodal integration of self-related stimuli. This hypothesis is consistent with Bayesian models of phenomenal selfhood, according to which the subjective structure of conscious experience ultimately results from the optimization of predictions in perception and action. Finally, it is argued that DIED is also of particular interest for philosophy of mind. On the one hand, it challenges theories according to which consciousness always involves self-awareness. On

  15. Extrapunitive and intropunitive individuals activate different parts of the prefrontal cortex under an ego-blocking frustration.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takehiro Minamoto

    Full Text Available Different people make different responses when they face a frustrating situation: some punish others (extrapunitive, while others punish themselves (intropunitive. Few studies have investigated the neural structures that differentiate extrapunitive and intropunitive individuals. The present fMRI study explored these neural structures using two different frustrating situations: an ego-blocking situation which blocks a desire or goal, and a superego-blocking situation which blocks self-esteem. In the ego-blocking condition, the extrapunitive group (n = 9 showed greater activation in the bilateral ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, indicating that these individuals prefer emotional processing. On the other hand, the intropunitive group (n = 9 showed greater activation in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, possibly reflecting an effortful control for anger reduction. Such patterns were not observed in the superego-blocking condition. These results indicate that the prefrontal cortex is the source of individual differences in aggression direction in the ego-blocking situation.

  16. Extrapunitive and intropunitive individuals activate different parts of the prefrontal cortex under an ego-blocking frustration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minamoto, Takehiro; Osaka, Mariko; Yaoi, Ken; Osaka, Naoyuki

    2014-01-01

    Different people make different responses when they face a frustrating situation: some punish others (extrapunitive), while others punish themselves (intropunitive). Few studies have investigated the neural structures that differentiate extrapunitive and intropunitive individuals. The present fMRI study explored these neural structures using two different frustrating situations: an ego-blocking situation which blocks a desire or goal, and a superego-blocking situation which blocks self-esteem. In the ego-blocking condition, the extrapunitive group (n = 9) showed greater activation in the bilateral ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, indicating that these individuals prefer emotional processing. On the other hand, the intropunitive group (n = 9) showed greater activation in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, possibly reflecting an effortful control for anger reduction. Such patterns were not observed in the superego-blocking condition. These results indicate that the prefrontal cortex is the source of individual differences in aggression direction in the ego-blocking situation.

  17. Passion and Preparation in the Basic Course: The Influence of Students' Ego-Involvement with Speech Topics and Preparation Time on Public-Speaking Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazer, Joseph P.; Titsworth, Scott

    2012-01-01

    Authors of basic public-speaking course textbooks frequently encourage students to select speech topics in which they have vested interest, care deeply about, and hold strong opinions and beliefs. This study explores students' level of ego-involvement with informative and persuasive speech topics, examines possible ego-involvement predictors of…

  18. Association of Ego Defense Mechanisms with Academic Performance, Anxiety and Depression in Medical Students: A Mixed Methods Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waqas, Ahmed; Rehman, Abdul; Malik, Aamenah; Muhammad, Umer; Khan, Sarah; Mahmood, Nadia

    2015-09-30

     Ego defense mechanisms are unconscious psychological processes that help an individual to prevent anxiety when exposed to a stressful situation. These mechanisms are important in psychiatric practice to assess an individual's personality dynamics, psychopathologies, and modes of coping with stressful situations, and hence, to design appropriate individualized treatment. Our study delineates the relationship of ego defense mechanisms with anxiety, depression, and academic performance of Pakistani medical students.  This cross-sectional study was done at CMH Lahore Medical College and Fatima Memorial Hospital Medical and Dental College, both in Lahore, Pakistan, from December 1, 2014 to January 15, 2015. Convenience sampling was used and only students who agreed to take part in this study were included. The questionnaire consisted of three sections: 1) Demographics, documenting demographic data and academic scores on participants' most recent exams; 2) Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS); and 3) Defense Style Questionnaire-40 (DSQ-40). The data were analyzed with SPSS v. 20. Mean scores and frequencies were calculated for demographic variables and ego defense mechanisms. Bivariate correlations, one-way ANOVA, and multiple linear regression were used to identify associations between academic scores, demographics, ego defense mechanisms, anxiety, and depression.  A total of 409 medical students participated, of whom 286 (70%) were females and 123 (30%) were males. Mean percentage score on the most recent exams was 75.6% in medical students. Bivariate correlation revealed a direct association between mature and neurotic ego defense mechanisms and academic performance, and an indirect association between immature mechanisms and academic performance. One-way ANOVA showed that moderate levels of anxiety (P academic performance.  There was a significant association between academic performance and ego defense mechanisms, anxiety, and depression levels in our

  19. Comparison of ego defenses among physically abused children, neglected, and non-maltreated children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finzi, Ricky; Har-Even, Dov; Weizman, Abraham

    2003-01-01

    The nature and level of ego functioning were assessed in 41 recently detected physically abused children, and in two control groups of 38 neglected and 35 non-abused/non-neglected children (aged 6 to 12 years), using the Child Suicidal Potential Scales (CSPS). The results obtained in this study support the hypothesis that the influences of parental violence on the child's ego functions are detrimental, as reflected by significantly higher impairments in affect regulation (like irritability, anger, passivity, depression), low levels of impulse control, distortions in reality testing, and extensive operation of immature defense mechanisms in the physically abused children in comparison to the controls. Significant differences between the physically abused and the non-abused/non-neglected children were found for all mechanisms except displacement. The differences between the physically abused and neglected children for regression, denial and splitting, projection, and introjection (high scores for the physically abused children), and for compensation and undoing (higher scores for the neglected children) were also significant. It is suggested that physically abused children should be distinguished as a high-risk population for future personality disorders.

  20. The effect of motivation and positive affect on ego depletion: Replenishment versus release mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Ze; Li, Jian; Zhang, Bo; Li, Ye; Zhang, Houcan

    2017-12-01

    In this study, 2 experiments were conducted to investigate whether motivation and positive affect can alleviate ego depletion and to elucidate their possible mechanisms. In Experiment 1, a crossing-out-letter task was adapted to reach an ego depletion state for Chinese participants. Participants were then randomly assigned to the extrinsic motivation group, the positive affect group or the depletion control group. After the experimental treatment, a dumbbell task was used to measure participants' remaining self-regulatory resources. The results showed that participants in the motivation and positive affect groups performed better on the dumbbell task than participants in the depletion control group. Experiment 2 was similar to Experiment 1 except that participants were asked to perform an additional unexpected dumbbell task after a neutral video following the above procedure. The results of Experiment 1 were replicated; however, participants' performance on the additional dumbbell task differed. The positive affect group performed better than the depletion control group, indicating an increase in self-regulatory resources and thus supporting the replenishment effect of positive affect. No significant difference was found between the motivation group and the depletion control group. © 2015 International Union of Psychological Science.

  1. “When the going gets tough, who keeps going?” Depletion sensitivity moderates the ego-depletion effect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salmon, S.J.; Adriaanse, M.A.; Vet, de E.W.M.L.; Fennis, B.M.; Ridder, de D.T.D.

    2014-01-01

    Self-control relies on a limited resource that can get depleted, a phenomenon that has been labeled ego-depletion. We argue that individuals may differ in their sensitivity to depleting tasks, and that consequently some people deplete their self-control resource at a faster rate than others. In

  2. Peer Victimization, Self-esteem, and Ego Resilience Types in Adolescents: A Prospective Analysis of Person-context Interactions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Overbeek, G.J.; Zeevalkink, H.; Vermulst, A.A.; Scholte, R.H.J.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined bidirectional, longitudinal associations between peer victimisation and self-esteem in adolescents, and tested for moderator effects of undercontrolling, overcontrolling, and ego-resilient personality types in these associations. Data were used from 774 adolescents ages 11-16

  3. Ambitions Fulfilled? The Effects of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Goal Attainment on Older Adults' Ego-Integrity and Death Attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hiel, Alain; Vansteenkiste, Maarten

    2009-01-01

    The present research examined the effects of intrinsic and extrinsic goal attainment on older adults' ego-integrity, psychological well-being, and death attitudes. Hypotheses were derived from Self-Determination Theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000; Vansteenkiste, Ryan, & Deci, in press). Study 1 (N = 202, Mean age = 68.2 years) indicated that, after…

  4. EgoFlecto: stimulating being calm and in control through self-reflection in the context of driving

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mosleh, Sara Said; Schmidt, Nele; Teisanu, Tudor

    2015-01-01

    commuting and propose a concept for enhancing this notion. Based on an iterative design process, we have developed a platform to test different ways of enhancing self-reflection in the car. The concept EgoFlecto is based on a seductive design strategy that aims to alter people's behavior simply through self-reflection...

  5. If Ego Identity Is the Envelope Then Adaptive Change Is the Note to Self: Scaffolding the Career Choices of Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowles, Terence V.; Brindle, Kimberley A.

    2017-01-01

    The first aim of the current article is to primarily propose a model to assist career counsellors in understanding and guiding adolescents towards career commitment. The second aim is to focus on the relationship between career identity and career certainty, and how these positively influence the achievement of ego identity and maturity. Finally,…

  6. Effect of a 16-week Pilates exercise program on the ego resiliency and depression in elderly women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roh, Su Yeon

    2016-10-01

    This study aims to examine the effect of a 16-week Pilates exercise program on the ego resiliency and depression in elderly women. Before participating in Pilates exercise programs, researcher explained the purpose and the intention of the research to elderly women who were willing to participate in this research. A total of 148 elderly women agreed to participate in the program and they filled in ego resiliency and depression questionnaires. Then, the elderly participated in the 16-week Pilates exercise program and completed the same questionnaires afterwards. Collected data was analyzed by the SPSS ver. 20.0 program and results of paired t -test were as follows; there were statistically significant differences in all subvariables of the ego resiliency such as self-confidence ( t =7.770, P Pilates exercise program, there was a statistically significant difference in depression of elderly women who participated in the 16-week Pilates exercise program ( t =-6.506, P Pilates exercise program can help improve the ego-resiliency and alleviate depression of the elderly women.

  7. Predicting Early Adolescents' Academic Achievement, Social Competence, and Physical Health from Parenting, Ego Resilience, and Engagement Coping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Jodi; Valiente, Carlos; Lemery-Chalfant, Kathryn; O'Brien, T. Caitlin

    2011-01-01

    This study examined ego resilience and engagement coping as mediators of the relationships between supportive and controlling parenting practices and early adolescents' academic achievement, social competence, and physical health. Participants were 240 predominantly Mexican American early adolescents, their parents, and their teachers. There were…

  8. Ego Deficiencies in the Areas of Pleasure, Intimacy, and Cooperation: Guidelines in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexual Dysfunctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levay, Alexander N.; Kagle, Arlene

    1977-01-01

    Psychopathology, in the form of a deficiency in ego functions of pleasure, intimacy, or cooperation, is usually associated with sexual dysfunctions that prove refractory to sex therapy techniques alone. Each deficiency forms a distinct clinical syndrome with specific treatment requirements, necessitating further diagnostic subcategorization of…

  9. I Need to use my Mobile: The Influence of Self-Control and Ego Depletion on Smartphones Use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Camou Viacava

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of different levels of self-control and ego depletion, on the temptation to use smartphones. The research consisted of two phases, the first a qualitative exploratory research study and the second conclusive quantitative research. On the exploratory phase seven interviews were conducted, demonstrating not only that individuals viewed the use of cell phones / smartphones as part of their lives, but also as a temptation. In the second phase was collected a sample of 134 undergraduate students by a survey using structured observation to check the influence of self-control and ego depletion in the use of smartphones (temptation, during an exam simulation (main goal. As results, it was found that as lower the students’ self-control was, more they used their cellphones during the simulated exam. The more worn-out (ego depletion, their grades were worse in this simulation. Yet, it was found that the greater it was the self-control, it was be able to minimize the effects of ego depletion over the number of times students used their phones and, their grades were better on the simulated exam.

  10. A Comparison of Able-Bodied and Disabled College Students on Erikson's Ego Stages and Maslow's Needs Levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kriegsman, Kay Harris; Hershenson, David B.

    1987-01-01

    Compared physically disabled and able-bodied college students on Erickson's epigenetic stages of life-span development, and Maslow's motivational needs hierarchy of personality development. The groups were more similar than dissimilar in ego development and needs level. College students with disabilities may be a select population because of their…

  11. [Development and validation of an inventory of ego functions and self regulation (Hannover Self-Regulation Inventory, HSRI)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jäger, B; Schmid-Ott, G; Ernst, G; Dölle-Lange, E; Sack, M

    2012-06-01

    The aim of this study was to construct and validate a short self-rating questionnaire for the assessment of ego functions and ability of self regulation. An item pool of 120 items covering 6 postulated dimensions was reduced by two steps in independent samples (n = 136 + 470) via factor and item analyses to the final version consisting of 35 items. The 5 resulting questionnaire scales "interpersonal disturbances", "frustration tolerance and impulse control", "identity disturbances", "affect differentiation and affect tolerance" and "self-esteem" were well interpretable and showed in confirmatory factor analysis the best fit to the data (CHI²/df = 3.48; RMSEA = 0.73). Total scores were found to differentiate well between diagnostic groups of patients with more or less ego pathology (FANOVA = 9.8; df = 11; p self-regulation questionnaire" (HSRQ) evidently is an appropriate and reliable screening instrument in order to assess ego functions and capacities of self regulation in an economic and user-friendly means. The scale structure allows differentiated diagnostics of weak vs. stable ego functions and may be used for detailed therapy planning. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  12. An Exploration of the Validity and Potential of Adult Ego Development for Enhancing Understandings of School Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Chris; James, Jane; Potter, Ian

    2017-01-01

    An adult ego development (AED) perspective accepts that the way adults interpret and interact in the social world can change during their life-span. This article seeks to analyse the validity and potential of AED for enhancing understandings of educational leadership practice and development. We analysed the AED literature and interviewed 16…

  13. Peer Victimization, Self-Esteem, and Ego Resilience Types in Adolescents: A Prospective Analysis of Person-Context Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overbeek, Geertjan; Zeevalkink, Herma; Vermulst, Ad; Scholte, Ron H. J.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined bidirectional, longitudinal associations between peer victimisation and self-esteem in adolescents, and tested for moderator effects of undercontrolling, overcontrolling, and ego-resilient personality types in these associations. Data were used from 774 adolescents ages 11-16 years who participated in a three-wave (i.e., 2005,…

  14. EGO: Towards a global glider infrastructure for the benefit of marine research and operational oceanography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Testor, Pierre

    2013-04-01

    In the 1990 s, while gliders were being developed and successfully passing first tests, their potential use for ocean research started to be discussed in international conferences because they could help us improve the cost-effectiveness, sampling, and distribution of the ocean observations (see OceanObs'99 Conference Statement - UNESCO). After the prototype phase, in the 2000 s, one could only witness the growing glider activity throughout the world. The first glider experiments in Europe brought together several teams that were interested in the technology and a consortium formed naturally from these informal collaborations. Since 2006, Everyone's Gliding Observatories (EGO - http://www.ego-network.org) Workshops and Glider Schools have been organized, whilst becoming the international forum for glider activities. Some key challenges have emerged from the expansion of the glider system and require now setting up a sustainable European as well as a global system to operate glider and to ensure a smooth and sustained link to the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS). Glider technology faces many scientific, technological and logistical issues. In particular, it approaches the challenge of controlling many steerable probes in a variable environment for better sampling. It also needs the development of new formats and procedures in order to build glider observatories at a global level. Several geographically distributed teams of oceanographers now operate gliders, and there is a risk of fragmentation. We will here present results from our consortium who intends to solve most of these issues through scientific and technological coordination and networking. This approach is supported by the ESF through Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research (COST). The COST Action ES0904 "EGO" started in July 2010 aiming to build international cooperation and capacities at the scientific, technological, and organizational levels, for sustained observations of the

  15. The Effect of Implicit Preferences on Food Consumption: Moderating Role of Ego Depletion and Impulsivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Zhu, Jinglei; Hu, Yi; Fang, Yuan; Wang, Guosen; Cui, Xianghua; Wang, Lei

    2016-01-01

    Ego depletion has been found to moderate the effect of implicit preferences on food consumption, such that implicit preferences predict consumption only under a depleted state. The present study tested how trait impulsivity impacts the effect of implicit preferences on food consumption in a depleted condition. Trait impulsivity was measured by means of self-report and a stop signal task. Results showed that both self-reported impulsivity and behavioral impulsivity moderated the ‘depletion and then eating according to implicit preferences’ effect, albeit in different ways. Participants high in self-reported impulsivity and low in behavioral impulsivity were more vulnerable to the effect of depletion on eating. The implications of these results for extant theories are discussed. Future research is needed to verify whether or not trait impulsivity is associated with vulnerability to depletion across different self-control domains. PMID:27881966

  16. ego Gardening! A Community Garden Intervention to Promote Health on the Navajo Nation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ornelas, India J; Deschenie, Desiree; Jim, Jesse; Bishop, Sonia; Lombard, Kevin; Beresford, Shirley A

    2017-01-01

    ego Gardening! is a community garden intervention to increase gardening behavior, increase access to low-cost fruit and vegetables, and ultimately increase consumption in Navajo communities. To design a theory-based, culturally relevant intervention with three components: a community garden, monthly workshops on gardening and healthy eating, and community outreach. Gardens were constructed and maintained in collaboration with community-based organizations in two Navajo communities. Monthly workshops were held throughout the growing season and incorporated aspects of Navajo culture and opportunities to build confidence and skills in gardening and healthy eating behaviors. In addition, program staff attended community events to promote gardening and healthy eating. Community input was essential throughout the planning and implementation of the intervention. If effective, community gardens may be a way to increase fruit and vegetable availability and intake, and ultimately reduce risk of obesity and diabetes.

  17. [Mirror image of the ego. On Jacques Lacan's theory of the imaginary].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gekle, H

    1995-08-01

    Lacan places the concept of the imaginary alongside the categories of the real and the symbolic. This concept plays a highly prominent role in his thinking, given that the essential determination of the imaginary is the primary relation of the ego to the image of the similar. Thus it is not surprising that unlike Freud the early Lacan acceded to the status of theoretician of surrealism, his decentralization of the cogito having a profound effect on Dalí in particular. The author shows that non-identity and paranoic anamorphosis are only conceivable as the forms of the imaginary absolutised by Lacan if they are seen in relation to an Oedipally constructed cogito--just as mannerism regularly follows classicism and cannot be conceived of separately from it. If Freud was a classicist, Lacan was the mannerist who came after him--except that the latter refused to countenance this connection.

  18. The perspective matters! Multisensory integration in ego-centric reference frames determines full body ownership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeria Ivanova Petkova

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Recent advances in experimental science have made it possible to investigate the perceptual processes involved in generating a sense of owning an entire body. This is achieved by full-body ownership illusions which make use of specific patterns of visual and somatic stimuli integration. Here we investigate the fundamental question of the reference frames used in the process of attributing an entire body to the self. We quantified the strength of the body-swap illusion in conditions where the participants were observing this artificial body from the perspective of the first or third person. Consistent results from subjective reports and physiological recordings show that the first person visual perspective is critical for the induction of this full-body ownership illusion. This demonstrates that the multisensory integration processes producing the sense of corporeal self operates in an ego-centric reference frame.

  19. The Perspective Matters! Multisensory Integration in Ego-Centric Reference Frames Determines Full-Body Ownership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petkova, Valeria I.; Khoshnevis, Mehrnoush; Ehrsson, H. Henrik

    2011-01-01

    Recent advances in experimental science have made it possible to investigate the perceptual processes involved in generating a sense of owning an entire body. This is achieved by full-body ownership illusions which make use of specific patterns of visual and somatic stimuli integration. Here we investigate the fundamental question of the reference frames used in the process of attributing an entire body to the self. We quantified the strength of the body-swap illusion in conditions where the participants were observing this artificial body from the perspective of the first or third person. Consistent results from subjective reports and physiological recordings show that the first person visual perspective is critical for the induction of this full-body ownership illusion. This demonstrates that the multisensory integration processes producing the sense of corporeal self operates in an ego-centric reference frame. PMID:21687436

  20. Depression, Smoking, and Ego-Centric Social Network Characteristics in Ohio Appalachian Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Jeffrey; Lu, Bo; Doogan, Nate; Thomson, Tiffany; Ferketich, Amy; Paskett, Electra D; Wewers, Mary Ellen

    2017-01-01

    Depression is a serious, costly, and debilitating disorder that is understudied in rural women. Studies show that depression is associated with low social integration and support, but few studies investigate the relationship between depression and social network characteristics. This study examined the associations among women from three Ohio Appalachian counties enrolled in a health study, which aimed to collect information for a future social network smoking cessation intervention. An address-based sampling method was used to randomly select and recruit 404 women. A cross-sectional survey and interview were used to collect information about demographic, psychosocial, behavioral factors, and ego-centric social network characteristics, which are variables derived from an individual (ego) and her first degree contacts (alters). The CES-D scale assessed depressive symptoms. A multivariable logistic regression analysis described the association between these factors and participants with depression (defined as CES-D≥16). Higher network density, or greater number of relationships among alters divided by the total amount of alters, reduced the risk for depression (OR = 0.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.73-0.95). Additionally, women with a high percentage of smoking alters were at greater risk for depression (OR = 1.19, 95% CI 1.02-1.39). Other factors associated with risk for depression included perceived stress score (OR = 1.34, 95% CI 1.24-1.45), loneliness score (OR = 1.37, 95% CI 1.05-1.80), and days with poor physical health (OR = 1.06, 95% CI 1.02-1.11). Findings suggest that psychosocial factors and social networks should be considered when addressing depression in clinical practice.

  1. The Earth Gravitational Observatory (EGO): Nanosat Constellations For Advanced Gravity Mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yunck, T.; Saltman, A.; Bettadpur, S. V.; Nerem, R. S.; Abel, J.

    2017-12-01

    The trend to nanosats for space-based remote sensing is transforming system architectures: fleets of "cellular" craft scanning Earth with exceptional precision and economy. GeoOptics Inc has been selected by NASA to develop a vision for that transition with an initial focus on advanced gravity field mapping. Building on our spaceborne GNSS technology we introduce innovations that will improve gravity mapping roughly tenfold over previous missions at a fraction of the cost. The power of EGO is realized in its N-satellite form where all satellites in a cluster receive dual-frequency crosslinks from all other satellites, yielding N(N-1)/2 independent measurements. Twelve "cells" thus yield 66 independent links. Because the cells form a 2D arc with spacings ranging from 200 km to 3,000 km, EGO senses a wider range of gravity wavelengths and offers greater geometrical observing strength. The benefits are two-fold: Improved time resolution enables observation of sub-seasonal processes, as from hydro-meteorological phenomena; improved measurement quality enhances all gravity solutions. For the GRACE mission, key limitations arise from such spacecraft factors as long-term accelerometer error, attitude knowledge and thermal stability, which are largely independent from cell to cell. Data from a dozen cells reduces their impact by 3x, by the "root-n" averaging effect. Multi-cell closures improve on this further. The many closure paths among 12 cells provide strong constraints to correct for observed range changes not compatible with a gravity source, including accelerometer errors in measuring non-conservative forces. Perhaps more significantly from a science standpoint, system-level estimates with data from diverse orbits can attack the many scientifically limiting sources of temporal aliasing.

  2. Ego depletion in sports: highlighting the importance of self-control strength for high-level sport performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englert, Chris

    2017-08-01

    Athletes are constantly confronted with self-control demands, but previous research has delivered sound empirical evidence that athletes are not always capable of dealing with these demands. According to the strength model of self-control, individuals have a limited amount of self-control strength, which can become temporarily depleted following self-control demands (e.g., attention regulation). When self-control strength is depleted, that is, in a state of ego depletion, athletes are less persistent during strenuous physical exercise, are less likely to follow their exercise regimens, and tend to perform worse under pressure. The aim of this review article is to highlight the importance of ego depletion in the field of sports and exercise and to discuss the recent research and controversies surrounding it. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Measuring selfhood according to self-determination theory: Construction and validation of the Ego Functioning Questionnaire (EFQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majstorović Nebojša

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research was to develop and validate an instrument designed to measure the three types of self proposed by Hodgins and Knee (2002: integrated, ego-invested, and impersonal. This measure was termed The Ego Functioning Questionnaire (EFQ. In Study 1 (N=202, the factorial structure of the EFQ was examined by means of an exploratory factor analysis, and the metric properties of its subscales were documented. In Study 2 (N=300, the 3 factor structure of the EFQ was successfully corroborated using a confirmatory factor analysis. In Study 3 (N=131, associations between the EFQ and a variety of cognitive, affective, and social variables were found to display meaningful patterns, thereby providing support for the EFQ’s construct validity. Also, the EFQ was not susceptible to socially desirable responding. Results are discussed in terms of their fundamental and applied implications.

  4. The Ego-Defensive Role of Legitimacy: How Threat-Based Justifications Protect the Self-Esteem of Discriminators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Cicero Roberto; Álvaro, José Luis; Vala, Jorge

    2018-05-01

    This article analyzes the ego-defensive role played by legitimation, by examining the hypothesis that threat-based justifications attenuate the negative effect on an individual's self-esteem caused by his or her becoming aware of his or her own discriminatory behavior. Across three studies (including a pilot experiment), participants who were led to believe that they had acted in a discriminatory way experienced a decrease in their self-esteem. In Study 1 ( N = 116), this effect was nullified when discrimination was justified by either symbolic or realistic threat perceptions. Study 2 ( N = 250) replicated this pattern of results and went further by showing that discrimination affects self-esteem only in more egalitarian individuals, whereas for those less egalitarian, it affects their social image. According to the ego-defensive role of legitimation, a meta-analytical integration of the results confirmed that the influence of discrimination in depressing self-esteem is moderated by threat-based justifications.

  5. Extrapunitive and Intropunitive Individuals Activate Different Parts of the Prefrontal Cortex under an Ego-Blocking Frustration

    OpenAIRE

    Minamoto, Takehiro; Osaka, Mariko; Yaoi, Ken; Osaka, Naoyuki

    2014-01-01

    Different people make different responses when they face a frustrating situation: some punish others (extrapunitive), while others punish themselves (intropunitive). Few studies have investigated the neural structures that differentiate extrapunitive and intropunitive individuals. The present fMRI study explored these neural structures using two different frustrating situations: an ego-blocking situation which blocks a desire or goal, and a superego-blocking situation which blocks self-esteem...

  6. The ego, the ocular, and the uncanny: why are metaphors of vision central in accounts of the uncanny?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimi, Sadeq

    2013-06-01

    I am my own twin, Always with me, same as me, and always watching me! From interview with a psychotic patient Every man carries with him through life a mirror, as unique and impossible to get rid of as his shadow W.H. Auden, 1989, p.93 I cannot urge you too strongly to a meditation on optics. Jacques Lacan, 1991, p.76 This paper outlines the basic arguments for a reading of the notion of the uncanny that draws on direct and metaphorical significances of the ocular in the development of human ego. It is argued that a specular-oriented reading of the uncanny as made possible through Lacan's model for ego development introduces a significant analytic device capable of explaining diverse features of the uncanny experience that escaped the traditional phallic/castration-based reading. To examine this claim, evidence is presented from a number of contexts to demonstrate how uncanny experiences are typically constructed through and associated with themes and metaphors of vision, blindness, mirrors and other optical tropes. Evidence is also presented from a historical point of view to demonstrate the strong presence of ocular and specular themes, devices and associations in a tradition of literary and psychological writing out of which the notion of 'the uncanny' (including Freud's own formulation) emerged. It is demonstrated that the main instances of the uncanny, such as doppelgangers, ghosts, déjà vu, alter egos, self-alienations and split personhoods, phantoms, twins, living dolls and many more in the list of 'things of terror' typically share two important features: they are closely tied with visual tropes, and they are variations on the theme of doubling. It is then argued that both of these features are integrally associated with the developmental processes of ego formation and self-identity, thus explaining the strong association of the uncanny accounts and experiences with ocular and specular motifs and metaphors. Copyright © 2013 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  7. Comparative Associations Between Achieved Bicultural Identity, Achieved Ego Identity, and Achieved Religious Identity and Adaptation Among Australian Adolescent Muslims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Rayya, Hisham M; Abu-Rayya, Maram H; White, Fiona A; Walker, Richard

    2018-04-01

    This study examined the comparative roles of biculturalism, ego identity, and religious identity in the adaptation of Australian adolescent Muslims. A total of 504 high school Muslim students studying at high schools in metropolitan Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, took part in this study which required them to complete a self-report questionnaire. Analyses indicated that adolescent Muslims' achieved religious identity seems to play a more important role in shaping their psychological and socio-cultural adaptation compared to adolescents' achieved bicultural identity. Adolescents' achieved ego identity tended also to play a greater role in their psychological and socio-cultural adaptation than achieved bicultural identity. The relationships between the three identities and negative indicators of psychological adaptation were consistently indifferent. Based on these findings, we propose that the three identity-based forces-bicultural identity development, religious identity attainment, and ego identity formation-be amalgamated into one framework in order for researchers to more accurately examine the adaptation of Australian adolescent Muslims.

  8. Room for improvement: Palliating the ego in feedback-resistant medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrella, Andrew

    2017-05-01

    Feedback in medical education provides the impetus for growth in a field pressured to demonstrate continuous progress. Unfortunately, as it always incorporates some level of judgment, certain students appear more resistant than receptive to receiving feedback. Coupled with the ubiquitous stressors of medicine-examinations, perpetual knowledge acquisition, competition for employment-there subtly emerges a learning environment in which the mindset of medical trainees morphs from collegiality to outperformance of one's peers. As the unconscious mind is ultimately focused on self-protection, the cognitive response of reflecting upon received feedback is overcome by an emotional response to safeguard one's self-image against criticism in a culture of comparison. Although self-confidence plays a critical role in mitigating burnout, the relationship between resiliency and ego-armoring is rarely discussed in the literature. Consequently, despite the best intentions of educators in fostering clinical maturity among their trainees, the fact remains that insecurity, inadequacy and invulnerability continue to drive feedback-resistance among medical students.

  9. ‘Leave Your Ego at the Door’: A Narrative Investigation into Effective Wingsuit Flying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cedric Arijs

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years there has been a rapid growth in interest in extreme sports. For the most part research has focused on understanding motivations for participation in extreme sports and very little research has attempted to investigate the psychological structure of effective performance. Those few studies that have attempted to explore this issue have tested models designed for traditional sport on adventure sports. However, extreme sports are not the same as adventure sports or traditional sports. This study employed a narrative approach to investigate experiences of effective performance in the extreme sport of proximity wingsuit flying. An overarching theme we labeled ‘leave your ego at the door,’ emerged based on four sub-themes: (1 know thy self, (2 know thy skills, (3 know the environment now, and (4 tame the ‘inner animal.’ These themes are presented and discussed in relation to performance and discovery narratives identified within elite sport, thereby shedding light on how participants’ experiences of the extreme sport of proximity wingsuit flying differ from dominant stories within traditional sports.

  10. Challenged and changed: Quiet ego and posttraumatic growth in mothers raising children with autism spectrum disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wayment, Heidi A; Al-Kire, Rosemary; Brookshire, Kristina

    2018-03-01

    Posttraumatic growth theory posits that when life circumstances are perceived as stressful, secondary appraisal processes can be recruited in ways to facilitate both coping efforts and personal growth. Using a mixed-methods approach, we found mothers' most challenging experiences involved child behavior (e.g. aggression, communication, and social issues) and psychosocial impacts (e.g. lack of social support, perceived judgment of others, perceived loss, and personal distress). Descriptions of most rewarding experiences reflect posttraumatic growth frameworks including constructive perceptions about themselves, life, and their relationships as well as evidence for what Maercker and Zoellner call illusory types of posttraumatic growth. Quantitative data were subjected to a hierarchical regression analysis for self-reported posttraumatic growth and included mothers' demographics, child functioning, and psychosocial measures. As predicted, posttraumatic growth was positively associated with social support from mothers' most important network member and quiet ego characteristics, a type of eudaimonic motivation. Contrary to expectation, neither autism spectrum disorder-related rumination nor time since diagnosis (or their interaction) was associated with posttraumatic growth. Discussion focuses on the practical implications of our findings that posttraumatic growth-related coping includes both constructive and illusory forms and the importance of social support and eudaimonic motivation in facilitating positive forms of secondary coping.

  11. Écrire la danse, danser la vie. 'Ego tango' de Caroline de Mulder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryszard Siwek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ego tango is the debut novel by a Belgian writer, Caroline de Mulder. In 2010, it won the most significant literary award in the country. The story is set in a closed circle of the Paris tango dancers. The present study examines the original narration of the novel and the construction of the plot, which are both subordinated to the introvert nature of the tango – a dance that becomes an addiction and an obsession. De Mulder’s text is an interesting example of a theoretical problem of the “correspondence of arts,” their mutual overlapping and co-dependence; in this particular case, literature and dance. This concerns both the music and the lyrics of the tangos, which constitute and integral component of the structure of the musical piece and determine the rhythm of the story being told, its atmosphere, mood and type of the relationship between the protagonists. The novel was inspired by the personal experience of the authoress – a tango dancer and was structured in accordance with the nature and the spirit of this dance.

  12. Sensation seeking, coping with stress, and readiness to engage in therapy: does ego development influence the psychosocial functioning of substance-abusing mothers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Daryn H; McMahon, Thomas J; Luthar, Suniya L; Suchman, Nancy E

    2012-04-01

    Ego development, the capacity to derive coherent, nuanced meaning from one's life experiences, often has significant impact on psychosocial adjustment during adulthood. Research with nonclinical populations has indicated links between higher ego development and healthy emotional coping and interpersonal relationships. Emerging research with substance-abusing mothers suggests that higher levels of ego development are associated with improved parenting but also with increased rates of psychopathology. Less is known about how ego development is related to other psychosocial factors important for substance-abusing mothers' functioning and capacity to parent, including the proclivity to engage in risky behaviors, adaptive coping behaviors, and readiness to engage in psychotherapy. The present study examines these links. Participants included 182 methadonemaintained women who expressed interest in a randomized clinical trial testing the efficacy of a relational parenting intervention for substance-abusing mothers (Luthar, Suchman, & Altomare, 2007). Data were analyzed using a series of MANCOVAs and ANCOVAs controlling for maternal IQ and depression. Mothers with higher levels of ego development reported more adaptive coping techniques and greater readiness to engage in psychotherapy but also reported a heightened desire for strong sensations. Findings are discussed in light of mothers' psychological processes and parenting capacities. The significance of findings for developing parenting interventions for substance-abusing mothers is also discussed. © 2012 American Orthopsychiatric Association.

  13. Increased Global Functional Connectivity Correlates with LSD-Induced Ego Dissolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tagliazucchi, Enzo; Roseman, Leor; Kaelen, Mendel; Orban, Csaba; Muthukumaraswamy, Suresh D; Murphy, Kevin; Laufs, Helmut; Leech, Robert; McGonigle, John; Crossley, Nicolas; Bullmore, Edward; Williams, Tim; Bolstridge, Mark; Feilding, Amanda; Nutt, David J; Carhart-Harris, Robin

    2016-04-25

    Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is a non-selective serotonin-receptor agonist that was first synthesized in 1938 and identified as (potently) psychoactive in 1943. Psychedelics have been used by indigenous cultures for millennia [1]; however, because of LSD's unique potency and the timing of its discovery (coinciding with a period of major discovery in psychopharmacology), it is generally regarded as the quintessential contemporary psychedelic [2]. LSD has profound modulatory effects on consciousness and was used extensively in psychological research and psychiatric practice in the 1950s and 1960s [3]. In spite of this, however, there have been no modern human imaging studies of its acute effects on the brain. Here we studied the effects of LSD on intrinsic functional connectivity within the human brain using fMRI. High-level association cortices (partially overlapping with the default-mode, salience, and frontoparietal attention networks) and the thalamus showed increased global connectivity under the drug. The cortical areas showing increased global connectivity overlapped significantly with a map of serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptor densities (the key site of action of psychedelic drugs [4]). LSD also increased global integration by inflating the level of communication between normally distinct brain networks. The increase in global connectivity observed under LSD correlated with subjective reports of "ego dissolution." The present results provide the first evidence that LSD selectively expands global connectivity in the brain, compromising the brain's modular and "rich-club" organization and, simultaneously, the perceptual boundaries between the self and the environment. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Image Mapping and Visual Attention on the Sensory Ego-Sphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Katherine Achim; Peters, Richard Alan, II

    2012-01-01

    The Sensory Ego-Sphere (SES) is a short-term memory for a robot in the form of an egocentric, tessellated, spherical, sensory-motor map of the robot s locale. Visual attention enables fast alignment of overlapping images without warping or position optimization, since an attentional point (AP) on the composite typically corresponds to one on each of the collocated regions in the images. Such alignment speeds analysis of the multiple images of the area. Compositing and attention were performed two ways and compared: (1) APs were computed directly on the composite and not on the full-resolution images until the time of retrieval; and (2) the attentional operator was applied to all incoming imagery. It was found that although the second method was slower, it produced consistent and, thereby, more useful APs. The SES is an integral part of a control system that will enable a robot to learn new behaviors based on its previous experiences, and that will enable it to recombine its known behaviors in such a way as to solve related, but novel, task problems with apparent creativity. The approach is to combine sensory-motor data association and dimensionality reduction to learn navigation and manipulation tasks as sequences of basic behaviors that can be implemented with a small set of closed-loop controllers. Over time, the aggregate of behaviors and their transition probabilities form a stochastic network. Then given a task, the robot finds a path in the network that leads from its current state to the goal. The SES provides a short-term memory for the cognitive functions of the robot, association of sensory and motor data via spatio-temporal coincidence, direction of the attention of the robot, navigation through spatial localization with respect to known or discovered landmarks, and structured data sharing between the robot and human team members, the individuals in multi-robot teams, or with a C3 center.

  15. Un estudio empírico sobre el consumo cultural y la toma de decisiones egoístas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Bonavía

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo principal que persigue el presente trabajo es mostrar empíricamente en un nuevo contexto, que el mecanismo que rige el proceso de toma de decisiones a la hora de optar por consumir bienes culturales no se ajusta enteramente a la visión racional y egoísta del ser humano propuesta por la economía clásica. Para alcanzar este objetivo se planteó un diseño experimental con tres grupos (dos experimental y uno control a los que se les daba la opción de elegir hipotéticamente entre reclamar la devolución del dinero de la entrada a la salida de diferentes eventos culturales (decisión egoísta o no hacerlo (decisión no egoísta. Para analizar los resultados se realizó una prueba binomial para determinar si la diferencia de proporciones entre las respuestas afirmativas y negativas eran o no significativas. Los resultados obtenidos indican que en la mayoría de las situaciones los participantes se negaban a reclamar la devolución del dinero de la entrada a la salida del evento cultural, actuando así de manera no-racional bajo la visión económica clásica. Estos resultados tendrían, a efectos prácticos, un aumento en el número de espectadores que asisten a actos culturales.

  16. Alexithymia, Defenses, and Ego Strength: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Relationships with Psychological Well-Being and Depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziadni, Maisa S; Jasinski, Matthew J; Labouvie-Vief, Gisela; Lumley, Mark A

    2017-12-01

    Affect regulation is important to mental health. A deficit in one's ability to identify and express emotions (alexithymia), cognitive styles of regulating emotional conflict (defenses), and the capacity for integrative and complex self-other understanding (ego strength or maturity) need to be studied to understand how they relate to each other as well as to mental health and well-being. A sample of 415 community-dwelling adults from a major metropolitan area in the Midwest U.S., stratified for gender, age, and ethnicity, completed three methodologically different measures of affect regulation along with measures of well-being and depression. Six years later, 49% of the sample again reported their well-being and depression. At baseline, ego strength and the defenses of principalization and reversal correlated negatively with alexithymia and the other defenses (turning against self, turning against object and projection), even after controlling for negative affect. Cross-sectionally, relationships were largely as hypothesized, with low alexithymia, use of mature defenses, and greater ego strength correlating with less depression and greater well-being, although some of these relationships were attenuated after controlling for negative affect. Prospectively, each of the affect regulation measures predicted hypothesized changes in well-being after 6 years, after controlling for baseline well-being, but affect regulation did not predict changes in depression. These findings illuminate similarities and differences among these affect regulation constructs, suggest the importance of differentiating well-being from depression, and reveal that affect regulation uniquely predicts changes in long-term well-being.

  17. Ego depletion and attention regulation under pressure: is a temporary loss of self-control strength indeed related to impaired attention regulation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englert, Chris; Zwemmer, Kris; Bertrams, Alex; Oudejans, Raôul R

    2015-04-01

    In the current study we investigated whether ego depletion negatively affects attention regulation under pressure in sports by assessing participants' dart throwing performance and accompanying gaze behavior. According to the strength model of self-control, the most important aspect of self-control is attention regulation. Because higher levels of state anxiety are associated with impaired attention regulation, we chose a mixed design with ego depletion (yes vs. no) as between-subjects and anxiety level (high vs. low) as within-subjects factor. Participants performed a perceptual-motor task requiring selective attention, namely, dart throwing. In line with our expectations, depleted participants in the high-anxiety condition performed worse and displayed a shorter final fixation on bull's eye, demonstrating that when one's self-control strength is depleted, attention regulation under pressure cannot be maintained. This is the first study that directly supports the general assumption that ego depletion is a major factor in influencing attention regulation under pressure.

  18. Psychological, Relational, and Biological Correlates of Ego-Dystonic Masturbation in a Clinical Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellini, Giovanni; Fanni, Egidia; Corona, Giovanni; Maseroli, Elisa; Ricca, Valdo; Maggi, Mario

    2016-09-01

    Attitudes toward masturbation are extremely varied, and this practice is often perceived with a sense of guilt. To evaluate the prevalence of ego-dystonic masturbation (EM), defined as masturbation activity followed by a sense of guilt, in a clinical setting of sexual medicine and the impact of EM on psychological and relational well-being. A series of 4,211 men attending an andrology and sexual medicine outpatient clinic was studied retrospectively. The presence and severity of EM were defined according to ANDROTEST items related to masturbation, determined by the mathematical product of the frequency of masturbation and the sense of guilt after masturbation. Clinical, biochemical, and psychological parameters were studied using the Structured Interview on Erectile Dysfunction, ANDROTEST, and modified Middlesex Hospital Questionnaire. Three hundred fifty-two subjects (8.4%) reported any sense of guilt after masturbation. Subjects with EM were younger than the remaining sample (mean age ± SD = 51.27 ± 13.43 vs 48.31 ± 12.04 years, P < .0001) and had more psychiatric comorbidities. EM severity was positively associated with higher free-floating (Wald = 35.94, P < .001) and depressive (Wald = 16.85, P < .001) symptoms, and subjects with a higher EM score reported less phobic anxiety (Wald = 4.02, P < .05) and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (Wald = 7.6, P < .01). A higher EM score was associated with a higher alcohol intake. Subjects with EM more often reported the partner's lower frequency of climax and more problems achieving an erection during sexual intercourse. EM severity was positively associated with worse relational and intrapsychic domain scores. Clinicians should consider that some subjects seeking treatment in a sexual medicine setting might report compulsive sexual behaviors. EM represents a clinically relevant cause of disability, given the high level of psychological distress reported by subjects with this condition, and the severe impact on

  19. Aerobic exercise as a potential way to improve self-control after ego-depletion in healthy female college students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiling eZou

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To test whether aerobic exercise can help build self-control stamina in healthy female young adults. Stamina in this context is defined as the capability to endure ego depletion, which can be measured with a self-control task following another activity also requiring self-control.Methods: 45 healthy undergraduate women were randomized to either an experimental group or control group. Participants in the experimental group were required to run in their campus running field for 30 minutes for a period of five weeks. Individuals in the control group were required to do diary entries regarding self-control in their daily lives, also for a period of five weeks. Before and after the five-week intervention, participants completed a pain threshold test, a color word Stroop task and the following Cold Pressor Task (CPT (with and without a distraction component. Results: There was significant decrease of pain tolerance in session 2 relative to session 1 in the control group, but no such decline was found in the experimental group (though the improvement of pain tolerance was not significant, possibly suggesting successful self-control against this kind of decline. Conclusions: Five weeks of aerobic exercise increased self-control after ego depletion in terms of pain tolerance. These findings suggest that aerobic exercise may serve as a potential effective intervention for enhancing self-control in a college female population.

  20. Aerobic Exercise As a Potential Way to Improve Self-Control after Ego-Depletion in Healthy Female College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Zhiling; Liu, Yang; Xie, Jing; Huang, Xiting

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: To test whether aerobic exercise can help build self-control stamina in healthy female young adults. Stamina in this context is defined as the capability to endure ego depletion, which can be measured with a self-control task following another activity also requiring self-control. Methods: Forty-five healthy undergraduate women were randomized to either an experimental group or control group. Participants in the experimental group were required to run in their campus running field for 30 min for a period of 5 weeks. Individuals in the control group were required to do diary entries regarding self-control in their daily lives, also for a period of 5 weeks. Before and after the 5-week intervention, participants completed a pain threshold test, a color word Stroop task and the following Cold Pressor Task (CPT) (with and without a distraction component). Results: There was significant decrease of pain tolerance in session 2 relative to session 1 in the control group, but no such decline was found in the experimental group (though the improvement of pain tolerance was not significant), possibly suggesting successful self-control against this kind of decline. Conclusions: Five weeks of aerobic exercise increased self-control after ego depletion in terms of pain tolerance. These findings suggest that aerobic exercise may serve as a potential effective intervention for enhancing self-control in a college female population. PMID:27148113

  1. The Anonymization Protection Algorithm Based on Fuzzy Clustering for the Ego of Data in the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingshan Xie

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to enhance the enthusiasm of the data provider in the process of data interaction and improve the adequacy of data interaction, we put forward the concept of the ego of data and then analyzed the characteristics of the ego of data in the Internet of Things (IOT in this paper. We implement two steps of data clustering for the Internet of things; the first step is the spatial location of adjacent fuzzy clustering, and the second step is the sampling time fuzzy clustering. Equivalent classes can be obtained through the two steps. In this way we can make the data with layout characteristics to be classified into different equivalent classes, so that the specific location information of the data can be obscured, the layout characteristics of tags are eliminated, and ultimately anonymization protection would be achieved. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can greatly improve the efficiency of protection of the data in the interaction with others in the incompletely open manner, without reducing the quality of anonymization and enhancing the information loss. The anonymization data set generated by this method has better data availability, and this algorithm can effectively improve the security of data exchange.

  2. Ego depletion and attention regulation under pressure: Is a temporary loss of self-control strength indeed related to impaired attention regulation?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Englert, C.; Zwemmer, K.; Bertrams, A.; Oudejans, R.R.D.

    2015-01-01

    In the current study we investigated whether ego depletion negatively affects attention regulation under pressure in sports by assessing participants' dart throwing performance and accompanying gaze behavior. According to the strength model of self-control, the most important aspect of self-control

  3. Infusing the School Counseling Internship with a Global Perspective to Promote Ego Development, Moral Reasoning, and Ethnocultural Empathy: A Deliberate Psychological Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Derek Lane

    2013-01-01

    This study utilized a quasi-experimental, pre and posttest, comparison group design to determine the effects of a semester long deliberate psychological education (DPE), infused with a global perspective to promote ego development, moral reasoning and ethnocultural empathy in an intervention group composed of school counseling interns. The…

  4. Leadership in Two Worlds: Operating in Disparate Realms, One that Pushes Ego and Ambition, the Other that Promotes Personal Values and Principled Acts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goens, George A.

    2011-01-01

    People live in two worlds. The first is the external world of competition, ego, ambition and power. Here they chase the brass ring of success through control and standardized procedures designed to stave off failure. In this context, leaders face politics, conflicting expectations and bottom-line metrics. But in quiet moments of solitude, these…

  5. Revisiting the Interactive Effect of Narcissism and Self-Esteem on Responses to Ego Threat: Distinguishing Between Assertiveness and Intent to Harm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, William; Richardson, Kyle; Tortoriello, Gregory K

    2018-05-01

    We addressed whether narcissism and self-esteem synergize to enhance assertive responses and deter aggressive responses to ego-threatening provocation. Participants ( N = 448) completed measures of narcissism and self-esteem, imagined ego-threatening provocation, and indicated their aggressive and assertive responses. Participants also completed individual difference measures of agreeableness, openness, status/dominance motivation, and endorsement of the notion that aggression begets power. Narcissism and self-esteem interacted to reduce aggressive responses but enhance assertive responses to ego-threat; moreover, this interaction related to enhanced agreeableness, openness, status/dominance motivation, and reduced endorsement of the belief that aggression begets power, and these relations accounted, in part, for relations between the interaction and aggressive and assertive responses. Broadly, the findings contribute to the contentious issue of how self-evaluation influences responses to ego-threat; specifically, we would suggest that this issue be conceptualized in terms of synergistic effects of narcissism and self-esteem and distinguish between assertive versus aggressive responding.

  6. Gereformeerde mistiek en die neerslag daarvan in piëtistiese ego-tekste van manlike gelowiges in die Suid-Afrikaanse pionierslewe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andries W.G. Raath

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Reformed mysticism and the culmination thereof in pietistic ego-texts of male believers in the South African pioneer life on the frontier. The manifestation of Reformed mysticism in the pioneering communities of the South African interior was not limited to women-believers only. Although less frequent, Reformed mysticism contained in the pietistic ego-texts of male-believers also surfaced in early pioneering communities of South Africa. This essay considers the mystical ego-text of Francois Retief (1773–1838, the brother of Piet Retief who was massacred with other Voortrekkers by the Zulu king Dingaan in February 1838. Francois Retief’s ego-text reflects typical elements of Jesus-centred bridal mysticism. Although it does not contain the radical features of bridal mysticism prevalent among women-believers on the frontier, it reflects intense levels of spiritual consciousness associated with the energetic levels of faith among Reformed believers under dire circumstances on the frontier.

  7. Nursing home staff members' subjective frames of reference on residents' achievement of ego integrity: A Q-methodology study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Sun-Young; Chang, Sung-Ok

    2018-01-01

    To discover the structure of the frames of reference for nursing home staff members' subjective judgment of residents' achievement of ego integrity. Q-methodology was applied. Twenty-eight staff members who were working in a nursing home sorted 34 Q-statements into the shape of a normal distribution. A centroid factor analysis and varimax rotation, using the PQ-method program, revealed four factors: identifying clues to residents' positive acceptance of their whole life span, identifying residents' ways of enjoying their current life, referencing residents' attitudes and competencies toward harmonious relationships, and identifying residents' integrated efforts to establish self-esteem. These subjective frames of reference need to be investigated in order to improve the relationships with nursing home residents and their quality of life. Consequently, the fundamental monitoring tools to help staff members make subjective judgments can be formed. © 2017 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.

  8. Ego Boundary Deficits and the Negative Therapeutic Inter-Action: A Tale of a Whale, a Whale of a Tale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Charles A

    2017-06-01

    Defined variously and unsatisfactorily as a worsening of the patient's condition following a correct interpretation, the negative therapeutic reaction is typically blamed on the patient: "the operation was a success but the patient died." For most neurotic patients unconscious guilt objects to progress and activates the need to suffer. For most character-disturbed patients envy cannot bear the analyst's cleverness. However, patients with ego boundary problems-even sectors of psychosis-may require a different explanatory mechanism, where a correct interpretation may be experienced as a penetration and an engulfment, threatening the intactness of the self. A short-term, time-limited, psychoanalytic psychotherapy that went off the rails following a correct but ill-timed interpretation is presented as an opportunity to amend analytic theory, here favoring the interactional over the intrapsychic. Herman Melville helps tell the tale.

  9. The effects of self-esteem and ego threat on interpersonal appraisals of men and women: a naturalistic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vohs, Kathleen D; Heatherton, Todd F

    2003-11-01

    A naturalistic study examined the effects of self-esteem and threats to the self on interpersonal appraisals. Self-esteem scores, ego threat (operationalized as a substantial decrease in self-esteem across an average of 9 months), and their interaction were used to predict likability and personality perceptions of college men and women. The results revealed a curvilinear function explaining likability: Moderate to low self-esteem men and women were higher in likability when threatened, whereas high self-esteem men were seen as less likable when threatened. Personality ratings indicated that high self-esteem men and women who were threatened were rated highest on Antagonism (i.e., fake, arrogant, unfriendly, rude, and uncooperative). Mediational analyses revealed that differences in Antagonism statistically accounted for differences in likability. These patterns are interpreted with respect to gender and time in interpersonal perceptions as well as naturalistic versus laboratory investigations.

  10. Ego depletion--is it all in your head? implicit theories about willpower affect self-regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Job, Veronika; Dweck, Carol S; Walton, Gregory M

    2010-11-01

    Much recent research suggests that willpower--the capacity to exert self-control--is a limited resource that is depleted after exertion. We propose that whether depletion takes place or not depends on a person's belief about whether willpower is a limited resource. Study 1 found that individual differences in lay theories about willpower moderate ego-depletion effects: People who viewed the capacity for self-control as not limited did not show diminished self-control after a depleting experience. Study 2 replicated the effect, manipulating lay theories about willpower. Study 3 addressed questions about the mechanism underlying the effect. Study 4, a longitudinal field study, found that theories about willpower predict change in eating behavior, procrastination, and self-regulated goal striving in depleting circumstances. Taken together, the findings suggest that reduced self-control after a depleting task or during demanding periods may reflect people's beliefs about the availability of willpower rather than true resource depletion.

  11. The Huddling Programme: effects on empowerment, organisational commitment and ego-resilience in clinical nurses - a randomised trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im, Sook Bin; Cho, Mi-Kyoung; Kim, Se Young; Heo, Myoung Lyun

    2016-05-01

    To identify effects of the huddling programme as a strategy for retention of clinical nurses. In Korea, new nurses leave hospitals more than experienced nurses for many reasons. Hospitals with a high nurse turnover require larger budgets and longer periods of time to train large numbers of newly recruited nurses until they can perform as well as those who have left. Furthermore, the remaining nurses have an additional workload associated with both the shortage of manpower and the need to train the incoming nurses. This means that reducing nurse turnover intention requires preventive measures that promote empowerment and organisational commitment among nurses in Korea. Randomised controlled trial. This research used a pretest-post-test experimental-group-control-group design to investigate the effect of the huddling programme. The participants were 49 clinical nurses working at two general hospitals with more than 500 beds that are located in D city and S city of Korea. The experimental group participated in the huddling programme that comprised a full-day retreat and after-work social networking services during January and February 2013. Self-reported questionnaires were used to assess empowerment, organisational commitment and ego-resilience. The data were analysed by descriptive analysis using the t-test. The mean scores for normative commitment and impact of empowerment were higher in the experimental group, but ego-resilience did not differ significantly between the two groups. The huddling program positively increased nurses' perception of organisational commitment and empowerment who participated in huddling programme. The huddling programme could be a useful strategy for improving the retention of clinical nurses. This study is both significant and relevant to nursing science and practice given that it demonstrated the effectiveness of an empowerment programme in increasing organisational commitment and decreasing actual turnover rates of clinical nurses.

  12. Los sueños de la razón: la crisis de sentido y el suicidio egoísta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro BIALAKOWSKY

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone indagar las consecuencias teóricas y analíticas que posee el estudio del suicidio egoísta en la perspectiva de Durkheim. Para ello, en primer lugar, se reconstruye en su obra El Suicidio la distinción entre egoísmo y anomia, destacando tanto la importancia del egoísmo, muchas veces relegado por la literatura secundaria, como la relación de éste con las crisis de sentido. Con ese objetivo, se señala la diferencia entre las esferas sociales activas y pasivas como elemento central para comprender ese par conceptual. En segundo lugar, se rastrea en las postulaciones del autor la génesis social de la pregunta por el sentido, lo cual conlleva a un estudio del desarrollo histórico de las religiones y de las manifestaciones individuales del egoísmo (melancolía, languidez, solipsismo. En tercer lugar, se observa cómo el despliegue histórico de la razón señala la emergencia del idealismo simbólico, el cual supone una falta de integración social enmarcado en una serie de procesos: la desarticulación entre pensamiento y acción y entre creencias sofisticadas y prácticas; la pérdida de un objeto durable (representacional y “mundano” y de una representación totalizante; y la carencia de objetivos comunes de la sociedad. En última instancia, se analiza cómo la sociología, en tanto ciencia de lo social, puede intervenir en las patologías vinculadas a los “sueños de la razón” de las corrientes egoístas (pasivos y solipsistas; activos y destructores. Así, se vislumbran las diferentes búsquedas del autor por encontrar en la modernidad nuevos modos de articular representaciones de la totalidad de la sociedad con prácticas diarias, los cuales puedan dar sentido a los individuos racionalizados. Allí, el lugar del Estado, los rituales colectivos y los ideales de la humanidad y el patriotismo pueden ser releídos desde los interrogantes y propuestas teóricas que están en juego en el an

  13. Signature of the CERN – EGO (European Gravitational Observatory) Agreement concerning Collaboration in Scientific, Technological, Educational and other Domains of Mutual Interest, by R. Heuer, Director-General and Prof. F. Ferrini.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Signature of the CERN – EGO (European Gravitational Observatory) Agreement concerning Collaboration in Scientific, Technological, Educational and other Domains of Mutual Interest, by R. Heuer, Director-General and Prof. F. Ferrini.

  14. Os supermercados na oferta de alimentos orgânicos: apelando ao estilo de vida ego-trip Supermarkets and the promotion of organics: appealing to ego-trip life-stile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia S. Guivant

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available A medida que a produção e o mercado de alimentos orgânicos foram se expandindo durante os anos 90, tanto no contexto internacional quanto no Brasil, os supermercados passaram a ter um papel dominante em relação aos canais alternativos de comercialização.Este artigo pretende contribuir na análise do papel do setor supermercadista na comercialização de produtos orgânicos, fundamentalmente frutas, legumes e verduras (FLV, e nos tipos de consumidor focalizados nas suas estratégias. Para isto, analisamos diversas referências bibliográficas - publicações especializadas no setor supermercadista e relatórios de agências de consultoria internacional, que nos permitam delinear algumas das características das estratégias dos supermercados na comercialização de orgânicos no mundo e no Brasil. Também procuramos, a partir da análise da estratégia dos supermercados, delinear algumas características do perfil dos consumidores. Argumentamos, a partir dos dados acima referenciados, que o consumo crescente de orgânicos nos supermercados é parte de uma demanda mais ampla por alimentos saudáveis que, por sua vez, faz parte de um estilo de vida que tem sido caracterizado como ego-trip, em contraste com o ecológico-trip.As the production and commercialisation of organic food has been expanding since the 90s, both in the international and Brazilian context, supermarkets have assumed a dominant role in relation to alternative markets. This article intends to contribute to the analysis of this role, especially in the commercialisation of fruits, legumes and vegetables (FLV, and to identify the types of consumer that are addressed by their strategies. I use diverse bibliographic references - specialized publications of the retail sector and reports of international consultancy agencies. Through this material it is possible to characterized supermarket strategies in relation to organics in the world and particularly in Brazil. Also, through

  15. Níveis de seleção: uma avaliação a partir da teoria do \\"gene egoísta\\"

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Rita Spina Bueno

    2008-01-01

    Esta dissertação de mestrado aborda a controvérsia em torno de qual é o nível biológico no qual a seleção natural atua, com ênfase na proposta de Richard Dawkins do gene egoísta e nas questões que surgem em torno da mesma. Examina-se um panorama de questões de filosofia da biologia abordadas a partir do problema dos níveis nos quais a seleção natural atua. Esperamos que ao avaliar o impacto da teoria do gene egoísta na problemática evolutiva, consigamos compreender sua importância. O objetivo...

  16. Mind-body practices and the self: yoga and meditation do not quiet the ego, but instead boost self-enhancement

    OpenAIRE

    Gebauer, Jochen; Nehrlich, A.D.; Stahlberg, D.; Sedikides, Constantine; Hackenschmidt, D; Schick, D; Stegmaie, C A; Windfelder, C. C; Bruk, A; Mander, J V

    2018-01-01

    Mind-body practices enjoy immense public and scientific interest. Yoga and meditation are highly popular. Purportedly, they foster well-being by “quieting the ego” or, more specifically, curtailing self-enhancement. However, this ego-quieting effect contradicts an apparent psychological universal, the self-centrality principle. According to this principle, practicing any skill renders it self-central, and self-centrality breeds self-enhancement. We examined those opposing predictions in the f...

  17. Ego mechanisms of defense are associated with patients? preference of treatment modality independent of psychological distress in end-stage renal disease

    OpenAIRE

    Hyphantis, Thomas; Katsoudas, Spiros; Voudiclari, Sonia

    2010-01-01

    Several parameters mediate the selection of treatment modality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The nephrology community suggests that patient preference should be the prime determinant of modality choice. We aimed to test whether ego mechanisms of defense are associated with patients? treatment modality preferences, independent of psychological distress. In 58 eligible ESRD patients who had themselves chosen their treatment modality, we administered the Symptom Distress Checklist-90-R and ...

  18. Cross-cultural structures of concentric and diametric dualism in Lévi-Strauss' structural anthropology: structures of relation underlying the self and ego relation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downes, Paul

    2003-02-01

    The parallels between Jung's and Lévi-Strauss' concentric cross-cultural structures of the unconscious are highlighted. Lévi-Strauss' basic contrasts between concentric and diametric dualisms are developed into psychologically relevant differences regarding symmetry, connection and separation, and interaction between foreground and background structures respectively. These contrasts between concentric and diametric structures are applied as a common structural framework for understanding Jungian conceptions of the self, the ego and their relations, Freudian views of compensation and repetition in obsessional neurosis, and Winnicott's conception of a child's transitional object. Developing the contrasts between concentric and diametric structures reveals a compensatory relation between both structures. This supports an argument that concentric structures express the self and diametric structures express the ego in their mutual compensatory interrelation. Contrasting concentric with diametric structures challenges traditional Western logic, including Fordham's view that it is contradictory to treat the self as both centre and totality. It also develops an understanding of Jung's transcendent function which seeks to go beyond the ego-shadow opposition.

  19. When ethical leader behavior breaks bad: How ethical leader behavior can turn abusive via ego depletion and moral licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Szu-Han Joanna; Ma, Jingjing; Johnson, Russell E

    2016-06-01

    The literature to date has predominantly focused on the benefits of ethical leader behaviors for recipients (e.g., employees and teams). Adopting an actor-centric perspective, in this study we examined whether exhibiting ethical leader behaviors may come at some cost to leaders. Drawing from ego depletion and moral licensing theories, we explored the potential challenges of ethical leader behavior for actors. Across 2 studies which employed multiwave designs that tracked behaviors over consecutive days, we found that leaders' displays of ethical behavior were positively associated with increases in abusive behavior the following day. This association was mediated by increases in depletion and moral credits owing to their earlier displays of ethical behavior. These results suggest that attention is needed to balance the benefits of ethical leader behaviors for recipients against the challenges that such behaviors pose for actors, which include feelings of mental fatigue and psychological license and ultimately abusive interpersonal behaviors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. Ego depletion in color priming research: self-control strength moderates the detrimental effect of red on cognitive test performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrams, Alex; Baumeister, Roy F; Englert, Chris; Furley, Philip

    2015-03-01

    Colors have been found to affect psychological functioning. Empirical evidence suggests that, in test situations, brief perceptions of the color red or even the word "red" printed in black ink prime implicit anxious responses and consequently impair cognitive performance. However, we propose that this red effect depends on people's momentary capacity to exert control over their prepotent responses (i.e., self-control). In three experiments (Ns = 66, 78, and 130), first participants' self-control strength was manipulated. Participants were then primed with the color or word red versus gray prior to completing an arithmetic test or an intelligence test. As expected, self-control strength moderated the red effect. While red had a detrimental effect on performance of participants with depleted self-control strength (ego depletion), it did not affect performance of participants with intact self-control strength. We discuss implications of the present findings within the current debate on the robustness of priming results. © 2015 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

  1. Ego-resiliency the female students of the University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw - pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Sadziak

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE             The concept of resiliency assumes that it is an adaptive flexibility, ability to adjust the impulse level to a situation. In a detailed approach, resiliency is a personality trait that is of significance in the process of coping with traumatic events. It promotes persistence and facilitates mobilization to undertake preventive measures in difficult situations. Every person has a specific level of resiliency, however due to the specific nature of some fields of study and our professional practice, it may be sometimes especially highly – regarded. OBJECTIVES             The cognitive purpose is to identity and compare the levels of resiliency in women who study in different fields at University School of Physical Education in Wrocław. MATERIALS AND METHODS             The study was carried out among 145 female students at University School of Physical Education in Wrocław in the field of physiotherapy, cosmetology, tourism and recreation and physical education within the specialization of physical education for persons with intellectual disability. The research method was a diagnostic poll, the technique applied – questionnaire, the tool – Polish adaption of the Ego Resiliency Scale, the statistical method – variance analysis. RESULTS             Women who study physical education for persons with intellectual disability exhibit the highest level of resiliency in women who study physiotherapy and cosmetology and does not differ significantly from the level of resiliency represented by female students of tourism and recreation. Women studying physiotherapy have the lowest level of psychological resilience. CONCLUSIONS             In is assumed that a higher level of resiliency is a desirable personality trait which is helpful in working with people with intellectual disability (disabilities.

  2. Belano alter ego de Bolaño. Sobre la creación de una identidad literaria en Los detectives salvajes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Silva

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the construction of a literary identity in Roberto Bolaño's novel The Savage Detectives (1998. Starting with the hypothesis that his narrative elaborates a revalorization of the poetic, this work investigates the procedures and models of the mentioned construction. Designed from both autobiographical hints and literary types, the profile of Belano, Bolaño's alter ego, unites the author's life experiences with others that have been legendarized by literature or literary history. The article discusses not only the literary construction of Bolaño's characters, but the transformation of Bolano himself in a literary figure.

  3. Il testo skovorodiano Ubuždešsja, viděša slavu ego. Un trattato catechetico-liturgico sulla festa della Trasfigurazione?

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Grazia Bartolini

    2015-01-01

    Skovoroda’s text Ubuždešsja, viděša slavu ego (hereafter uv) was published for the first time in 1894 in the collection of Skovoroda’s works edited by Dmytro Bahalij, who defined them as an introduction to the Catechism classes held by the writer at Kharkiv College. uv bears no date, but its graphic, morphological and phonetic features can place it between the late 1750s-early-1760s. After a comprehensive linguistic revision, uv was included in Skovoroda’s last work Dialog, imja emu Potop zmi...

  4. Três décadas de genes egoístas: Discutindo algumas premissas do best seller de Richard Dawkins

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, Eduardo Paiva de Pontes; Chaves, Silvia Nogueira

    2011-01-01

    O presente trabalho resgata algumas idéias do biólogo evolucionista Richard Dawkins, apresentadas pela primeira vez em seu best-seller O Gene Egoísta (The Selfish Gene), de 1976. O caráter polêmico de algumas concepções ultradarwinistas e sociobiológicas da obra é campo fértil para o embate de idéias, revelando um universo rico para discussões em diversas frentes, especialmente aquelas que podem se desenvolver na formação crítica de alguns profissionais vinculados á ciências biológicas, socio...

  5. Mind-Body Practices and the Self: Yoga and Meditation Do Not Quiet the Ego but Instead Boost Self-Enhancement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebauer, Jochen E; Nehrlich, Andreas D; Stahlberg, Dagmar; Sedikides, Constantine; Hackenschmidt, Anke; Schick, Doreen; Stegmaier, Clara A; Windfelder, Cara C; Bruk, Anna; Mander, Johannes

    2018-06-01

    Mind-body practices enjoy immense public and scientific interest. Yoga and meditation are highly popular. Purportedly, they foster well-being by curtailing self-enhancement bias. However, this "ego-quieting" effect contradicts an apparent psychological universal, the self-centrality principle. According to this principle, practicing any skill renders that skill self-central, and self-centrality breeds self-enhancement bias. We examined those opposing predictions in the first tests of mind-body practices' self-enhancement effects. In Experiment 1, we followed 93 yoga students over 15 weeks, assessing self-centrality and self-enhancement bias after yoga practice (yoga condition, n = 246) and without practice (control condition, n = 231). In Experiment 2, we followed 162 meditators over 4 weeks (meditation condition: n = 246; control condition: n = 245). Self-enhancement bias was higher in the yoga (Experiment 1) and meditation (Experiment 2) conditions, and those effects were mediated by greater self-centrality. Additionally, greater self-enhancement bias mediated mind-body practices' well-being benefits. Evidently, neither yoga nor meditation fully quiet the ego; to the contrary, they boost self-enhancement.

  6. Life on earth: to reduce egotism and increase cooperaation La vida en la tierra: mermarl al egoísmo y aumentar la cooperación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Eliécer Ossa Londoño

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available This short essay collects the thoughts of the author stimulated by some preliminary readings on the sujet of environmental ethics. The concept of life on earth is proposed as the fundamental basis for an ethics of the inviromental. Egotism as an ontogenetc principle for the construction of the individuality of the living being: and cooperation, as a necessary organizing axis, are recognized in this context and it is proposed that a rule of thumb to manage the very complex relatinships with the environment could lay on the capacity of the human being to increase cooperation and reduce his egotism. Este corto ensayo recoge las reflexiones del autor, estimuladas por algunas lecturas preliminares sobre el tema de ética ambiental. Se propone el concepto de la vida en la tierra como base fundamental de una ética planetaria y se rescata el egoísmo ontogénico como una función necesaria para la construcción del individuo vivo y la cooperación como principio organizador necesario. Se sugiere que la capacidad del ser humano para incrementar su sentido de cooperación y para reducir su egoísmo, podrá ser la regla de oro para manejar las complejas relaciones con el entorno.

  7. Adaptación a la población mexicana del Cuestionario de Orientación al Ego y a la Tarea en el Deporte (TEOSQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanette L\\u00F3pez-Walle

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio fue analizar las propiedades psicométricas (estructura factorial y fiabilidad del TEOSQ (Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire, Duda, 1989 adaptado al contexto mexicano, así como conocer si había diferencias en función del género. El cuestionario fue administrado a 239 deportistas con un rango de edad de 12 a 18 años (M = 14.56, DT = 1.67, participantes en la Olimpiada Nacional Infantil y Juvenil 2008, pertenecientes a 14 diferentes disciplinas deportivas. El análisis factorial confirmatorio apoyó la estructura del instrumento obtenida en otros estudios (Orientación a la Tarea y Orientación al Ego. También se obtuvo una adecuada consistencia interna (a = .85 y a = .85 respectivamente. Respecto al género, las chicas mostraron una mayor orientación a la tarea que los chicos.

  8. IMPs, EGOs, and Skyhooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Frank B.

    1996-05-01

    In the October 1994 issue of the Journal of Geophysical Research, J. Simpson, E. Parker, and C. Sonnett wrote of the early history of space physics. Previously, J. Van Allen had written a monogram on the genesis of magnetospheric physics, and H. Newell (``Above the atmosphere'') and J. Naugle (``First among equals'') had given excellent accounts of the initial development of the space sciences within NASA and the broader research community. I write as a member of the second generation or Junior Pioneers who profited greatly from the foundation laid down by the Pioneers of the era. With the second wave it was possible to fully participate in the dramatic expansion of the nation's space science program that occurred in the 1960s. In this brief memoir, I give a personal recollection of this period and try to relate it to some of the current developments in space physics.

  9. Research University STEM Faculty Members' Motivation to Engage in Teaching Professional Development: Building the Choir Through an Appeal to Extrinsic Motivation and Ego

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouwma-Gearhart, Jana

    2012-10-01

    This paper reports on a qualitative, grounded-theory-based study that explored the motivations of science and engineering faculty to engage in teaching professional development at a major research university. Faculty members were motivated to engage in teaching professional development due to extrinsic motivations, mainly a weakened professional ego, and sought to bring their teaching identities in better concordance with their researcher identities. The results pose a challenge to a body of research that has concluded that faculty must be intrinsically motivated to participate in teaching professional development. Results confirmed a pre-espoused theory of motivation, self-determination theory; a discussion of research literature consideration during grounded theory research is offered. A framework for motivating more faculty members at research universities to engage in teaching professional development is provided.

  10. Ego mechanisms of defense are associated with patients’ preference of treatment modality independent of psychological distress in end-stage renal disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Hyphantis

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Thomas Hyphantis1, Spiros Katsoudas2, Sonia Voudiclari31Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece; 2Nephrologist, Renal Clinic, Hippocration General Hospital, Athens, Greece; 3Department of Nephrology, University of Athens, GreeceAbstract: Several parameters mediate the selection of treatment modality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD. The nephrology community suggests that patient preference should be the prime determinant of modality choice. We aimed to test whether ego mechanisms of defense are associated with patients’ treatment modality preferences, independent of psychological distress. In 58 eligible ESRD patients who had themselves chosen their treatment modality, we administered the Symptom Distress Checklist-90-R and the Defense Style Questionnaire. Thirtyseven patients (53.4% had chosen hemodialysis and 21 (46.6% peritoneal dialysis. Patients who preferred peritoneal dialysis were younger (odds ratio [OR], 0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.804–0.988, had received more education (OR, 8.84; 95% CI: 1.301–60.161, and were twice as likely to adopt an adaptive defense style as compared to patients who preferred hemodialysis (57.1% vs 27.0%, respectively; P < 0.033. On the contrary, the latter were more likely to adopt an image-distorting defense style (35.1% vs 14.3%; P = 0.038 and passive–aggressive defenses (OR, 0.73: 95% CI: 0.504–1.006. These results were independent of psychological distress. Our findings indicate that the patient’s personality should be taken into account, if we are to better define which modalities are best suited to which patients. Also, physicians should bear in mind passive–aggressive behaviors that warrant attention and intervention in patients who preferred hemodialysis.Keywords: end-stage renal disease, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, ego mechanisms of defense, DSQ, psychopathology

  11. Physical Properties of P.V.C. Attenuated Network Copolymers Produced by Ionizing Radiation; Proprietes physiques des copolymeres obtenus sous l'action de rayonnements ionisants et dont le reseau est attenue par l'effet du chlorure de polyvinyle; Fizicheskie svojstva polivinilkhloridnykh obednennykh tsepej sopolimerov, poluchennykh v rezul'tate vozdejstviya ioniziruyushchej radiatsii; Propiedades fisicas de los copolimeros de redes atenuadas por cloruro de polivinilo obtenidos por irradiacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pinner, S H [Tube Investments Research Laboratories, Hinxton Hall, Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    1960-07-15

    perekrestnykh svyazej v polivinilkhloride s pomoshch'yu ioniziruyushchej radiatsii stavit osobye problemy. V svyazi s neblagopriyatnym obrazovaniem poperechnykh svyazej i parametrami razrusheniya svyazej dlya dannogo polimera dozy radiatsii, neobkhodimye dlya obrazovaniya prochnykh tsoperechnykh plotnostej soedinenij, yavlyayutsya slishkom bol'shimi i parallel'no s ehtim proiskhodit protsess obestsvechivaniya i degidrogalogenirovaniya. EHti trudnosti udalos' preodolet' putem vvedeniya diallilovykh i triallilovykh ehfirov v polivinilkhlorid eshche do oblucheniya. Takim obrazom udalos' poluchit' produkty s prochnymi poperechnymi svyazyami pri otnositel'no malykh dozakh ioniziruyushchej radiatsii. Proverka fizicheskikh svojstv dannykh produktov pokazyvaet, chto oni yavlyayutsya ne prostymi graft-sopolimerami, chto obychno svyazano s prisutstviem dlinnykh razvetvlennykh tsepej, a obednennymi allilovymi polimernymi svyazyami. V ehtikh materialakh sochetayutsya svojstva iskhodnogo polimera i allilovoj svyazi. V doklade govoritsya o prochnosti na razryv, module i rastyazhenii oslablennoj svyazi sopolimerov, kotorye rassmatrivayutsya v zavisimosti ot temperatury, kontsentratsii i roli allilovogo ehfira. Takzhe privodyatsya zamechaniya po stojkosti poluchennykh produktov k razbukhaniyu i k khimicheskomu vozdejstviyu. (author)

  12. Il testo skovorodiano Ubuždešsja, viděša slavu ego. Un trattato catechetico-liturgico sulla festa della Trasfigurazione?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia Bartolini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Skovoroda’s text Ubuždešsja, viděša slavu ego (hereafter uv was published for the first time in 1894 in the collection of Skovoroda’s works edited by Dmytro Bahalij, who defined them as an introduction to the Catechism classes held by the writer at Kharkiv College. uv bears no date, but its graphic, morphological and phonetic features can place it between the late 1750s-early-1760s. After a comprehensive linguistic revision, uv was included in Skovoroda’s last work Dialog, imja emu Potop zmiin (1791 as its concluding section (O Preobraženii. Although uv’s rhetorical function remains open to discussion, in my article I try to demonstrate that the liturgical function of its biblical quotations suggests that it might have been conceived as a catechetical instruction (malaja instrukcija on the liturgical feast of the Transfiguration. Furthermore, I also attempt a comparative analysis between the biblical quotations incorporated within uv and those preeminent in the Byzantine and Ruthenian sermons dedicated to the feast of the Transfiguration. What emerges from my analysis is the presence of common “quotational patterns” pointing to a shared Byzantino-Slavic tradition in the field of “sacred rhetoric”.

  13. Ego-documents or ‘Plural Compositions’? Reflections on Women’s Obedient Scriptures in the Early Modern Catholic World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelisa Malena

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on a common textual genre in early modern Catholic Europe conceived and produced in the context of a close spiritual director/penitent relationship, variously defined as ‘autobiografía por mandato’, ‘obedient writing’, or ‘autobiographical report’, and so on. Starting out from the large number of studies of this text type, a number of considerations are made on two themes: 1 their specificity and the social practices underpinning them 2 the modalities and ways of partial or integral publication in print of some of them. An attempt will be made to highlight to what extent and how the intricate question of authorship(s can be addressed. Special attention will be devoted to the somewhat widespread category (in comparison with ‘autobiography’ of the ‘ego-document’, meaning, by this term, any type of text in which an author or authoress, deliberately or unintentionally writes about his/her acts, thoughts and feelings.

  14. Ego mechanisms of defense are associated with patients' preference of treatment modality independent of psychological distress in end-stage renal disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyphantis, Thomas; Katsoudas, Spiros; Voudiclari, Sonia

    2010-03-24

    Several parameters mediate the selection of treatment modality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The nephrology community suggests that patient preference should be the prime determinant of modality choice. We aimed to test whether ego mechanisms of defense are associated with patients' treatment modality preferences, independent of psychological distress. In 58 eligible ESRD patients who had themselves chosen their treatment modality, we administered the Symptom Distress Checklist-90-R and the Defense Style Questionnaire. Thirty-seven patients (53.4%) had chosen hemodialysis and 21 (46.6%) peritoneal dialysis. Patients who preferred peritoneal dialysis were younger (odds ratio [OR], 0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.804-0.988), had received more education (OR, 8.84; 95% CI: 1.301-60.161), and were twice as likely to adopt an adaptive defense style as compared to patients who preferred hemodialysis (57.1% vs 27.0%, respectively; P psychological distress. Our findings indicate that the patient's personality should be taken into account, if we are to better define which modalities are best suited to which patients. Also, physicians should bear in mind passive-aggressive behaviors that warrant attention and intervention in patients who preferred hemodialysis.

  15. INFLUENCIA DEL FEEDBACK POSITIVO Y NEGATIVO EN ALUMNOS DE SECUNDARIA SOBRE EL CLIMA EGO-TAREA PERCIBIDO, LA VALORACIÓN DE LA EF Y LA PREFERENCIA EN LA COMPLEJIDAD DE LAS TAREAS DE CLASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Requena

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

     

    RESUMEN

    El presente artículo trata la incidencia que el feedback afectivo positivo (FAP o negativo (FAN, aportado por el profesor de Educación Física (EF, tiene sobre la valoración que el alumno muestra sobre la EF, sobre sus preferencias hacia el nivel de dificultad de las tareas de clase y sobre el clima ego-tarea según la actuación del profesor. El estudio se realizó con 21 sujetos en tres grupos: dos experimentales a los que se aplicó un FAP y FAN respectivamente, y un tercer grupo control. Los resultados muestran una incidencia significativa en la percepción del clima implicante al ego, la percepción del clima implicante a la tarea y la valoración de las clases de EF. Además los sujetos que han recibido un FAN presentan niveles de percepción de un clima implicante al ego mayores y significativos que aquellos sujetos que habían recibido un FAP. Respecto a la percepción de un clima implicante a la tarea, aquellos sujetos que reciben un FAP tienden a percibir mayores niveles de clima implicante a la tarea al compararlos con los que reciben FAP y feedback control. Sobre la valoración de la EF, los sujetos que reciben FAP valoran más positivamente las clases de EF que los que reciben FAN.
    PALABRAS CLAVE: Educación Física, enseñanza, motivación.

     

    ABSTRACT

    The present article studies the effect that positive affective feedback (FAP or negative affective feedback (FAN, received from a Physical Education (PE teacher, have on the attitude that a student shows in class. This study evaluates their level of difficulty preferences in class tasks and the ego-task climate according to the performance of the professor. The study was done with 21

  16. Sujeito protopático: o eu ilusório e o afeto em questão Sujeto protopático: el ego ilusório y el afecto en cuestión Protopathic subject: the ego illusion and the affect in question

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Eduardo Prudente

    2012-12-01

    there is a statement of the interpretation of self-affection, namely Ego, and the very affectuous experience. This Ego is, the two authors, an illusory body, porous, and immersed in a self-deception as the affection assumes fundamental status. Despite having different qualities for each author, the affect converges to a notion of knowledge that, beyond the Ego, is the way to deal with the pathós in a field that dispenses illusory judgments.

  17. El potencial analítico de las Redes socio-métricas y ego-centradas: una aplicación al estudio de la Cohesión-Integración de Colectivos sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Lozares

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available este artículo vincula diferentes campos teórico-conceptuales, perspectivas metodológicas y métodos habitualmente yuxtapuestos en el quehacer socioló- gico. desde el punto de vista teórico se centra en las ideas de Cohesión e inte- gración como expresiones de la distribución de los recursos en Capital social. desde una perspectiva entre conceptual y metodológica se hace referencia a la teoría y análisis de las Redes sociales y a conceptos también intermediarios entre Redes, Cohesión, integración y Capital social como son los de Bonding y Brid- ging. la referencia empírica de su aplicación son seis colectivos, expresión de modos diferentes de pertenencia e incorporación a la sociedad. en el terreno del análisis e interpretación se recurre, por un lado, a la combinación de conceptos expresados en variables clásicas atributivas y, por otro, a variables relacionales bajo dos modos, las socio-métricas y ego-centradas. en este sentido, se trata también de mostrar la eficacia y pertinencia de las redes socio-métricas y ego- centradas y la de sus indicadores.

  18. El potencial analítico de las Redes socio-métricas y ego-centradas: una aplicación al estudio de la Cohesión-Integración de colectivos sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Lozares

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This article links different theoretical-conceptual fields, methodological perspectives and methods usually juxtaposed in sociological work. From a theoretical point of view it focuses on the idea of cohesion and integration as expressions of the distribution of resources of social Capital. in a perspective between conceptual and methodological issues it refers to the theory and analysis of social networks and also to intermediate concepts between networks, cohesion, integration and social capital such as Bonding and Bridging. the empirical references of its application are six human collectives, which are the expression of different modes of belonging and integration into society. in terms of analysis and interpretation, on the one hand, a combination of classical socialdemographical variables is used, and, on the other hand, relational variables are used. these latter variables are expressed under two modes, socio-metric and ego-centred. in this sense the article also shows the effectiveness and relevance of the socio-metric and ego-centred networks and its indicators.

  19. DINAMIČKA SVOJSTVA PJEŠAČKOG MOSTA NA GRAĐEVINSKOM FAKULTETU U OSIJEKU

    OpenAIRE

    Markotić, Mladen

    2017-01-01

    U diplomskom radu analiziran je dinamički odziv pješačkog mosta na Građevinskom fakultetu Osijek uslijed različitih opterećenja pješaka. Za ukupnu ocjenu ponašanja pješačkog mosta provedena je eksperimentalna i numerička analiza pomoću računalnog programa. Dinamičko ispitivanje provedeno je u više faza ovisno o promatranom opterećenju. U prvoj fazi analizirana su ambijentalna ispitivanja, a u ostalim fazama, promatrano je ponašanje konstrukcije pješačkog mosta uslijed hodanja i skakanja pješa...

  20. Svojstva i primena solova cerijum (IV) oksida sintetisanih postupkom forsirane hidrolize

    OpenAIRE

    Gulicovski, Jelena J.

    2016-01-01

    Stabilne koloidne disperzije (solovi) cerijum(IV)-oksida dobijeni su metodom forsirane hidrolize, polazeći od cerijum(IV)-nitrata i cerijum(IV)-sulfata u prisustvu različitih količina sumporne i azotne kiseline. Posebna pažnja posvećena je ispitivanju uticaja elektrolita KNO3 i K2SO4 na stabilnost pripremljenih koloidnih disperzija. Takođe, ispitana je mogućnost primene solova CeO2 za formiranje zaštitne prevlake na površini aluminijuma i primene praha CeO2 u oblasti skladištenja vodonika. ...

  1. Antioksidacijska svojstva i stabilnost boje tijekom ubrzanog i prirodnog starenja piva tamnih piva

    OpenAIRE

    Herceg, Filip

    2015-01-01

    Pivo je piće dobiveno alkoholnom fermentacijom sladovine, većinom pripravljene samo od ječmenog slada, no mogu se dodati i neslađene žitarice, kao što su kukuruz, pšenica ili riža. Smatra se dobrim izborom polifenola kojima je izvorište u ječmenom sladu i hmelju. U ovom je radu određivan oksidacijski profil dva različita tipa hrvatskih tamnih piva podvrgnutih ubrzanom postupku starenja (6 dana pri 42 oC) i prirodnom starenju (4 mjeseca pri sobnoj temperaturi). U uzorcima su određivani udjel u...

  2. Da compaixão à inocência: Nietzsche e Schopenhauer em torno da questão do egoísmo = From compassion to innocence: Nietzsche and Schopenhauer around the issue of selfishness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliveira, Jelson Roberto de

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se demonstrar nesse trabalho como Nietzsche formula, nos escritos que formam o segundo período de sua produção filosófica, uma crítica à moral da compaixão proposta por Schopenhauer. Para isso, far-se-á uma revisão das teses schopenhaurianas segundo as quais o egoísmo é o motivo antimoral por excelência e, contrariamente, o altruísmo é a base legítima da moralidade. Analisar-se-á, também, o procedimento usado por Nietzsche para, de um lado, criticar esse ideal e, de outro, chegar à inocência como principal resultado de seu programa filosófico

  3. Le discours scientifique sur la scène britannique : lecture croisée d’On Ego de Mick Gordon et A Disappearing Number de Simon McBurney

    OpenAIRE

    campos , liliane

    2009-01-01

    International audience; Simon McBurney et Mick Gordon ont tous deux cherché à présenter la rencontre du théâtre et des sciences comme le résultat d’affinités évidentes. Gordon, qui a créé ce qu’il appelle des « essais théâtraux » en collaboration avec le neurologue Paul Broks, parle d’un « langage commun » à la neurologie et au théâtre, qui nourrit l'expérience de pensée théâtralisée qu'est le spectacle On Ego. McBurney, qui s’est inspiré de la neurologie et des mathématiques, insiste égaleme...

  4. Zasady prezentacji składników pozostałego wyniku całościowego – praktykasprawozdawcza spółek należących do WIG 30 oraz DAX w latach 2012–2013 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek Gad

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Celem artykułu jest wskazanie wpływu nowelizacji MSR 1 z roku 2012 na prezentację składników pozostałego wyniku całościowego przez spółki należące do indeksów WIG 30 oraz DAX. Część teoretyczną artykułu opracowano z wykorzystaniem studiów literatury krajowej i zagranicznej. Część empiryczną opracowano na podstawie informacji prezentowanych w raportach rocznych spółek z warszawskiego indeksu WIG 30 oraz niemieckiego indeksu DAX. Na przestrzeni lat 2012–2013 zmieniła się forma prezentacji składników pozostałego wyniku całościowego. Dotyczy to zarówno spółek z indeksu WIG 30, jak i DAX. Zidentyfikowano cztery główne warianty prezentacji składników pozostałego wyniku całościowego. Zdaniem autora kolejne warianty charakteryzują się rosnącą przejrzystością informacyjną sprawozdania z pozostałego wyniku całościowego. Praktyka sprawozdawcza spółek z indeksu DAX wyprzedza praktykę sprawozdawczą spółek z indeksu WIG 30. Do analizy uzyskanych wyników wykorzystano następujące statystyki opisowe: średnią arytmetyczną, odchylenie standardowe, medianę, percentyle. W ramach badania wykorzystano także wskaźnik podobieństwa struktur.

  5. Egoísmo de tres cuartillos: el sabotaje de los hacendados al tajón público de carnes en Santafé, 1798-1817

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Mejía

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia una serie de anomalías en el abasto de carnes de Santafé de Bogotá entre 1798 y 1817, causadas por la reticencia de los hacendados a acatar la orden del virrey Mendinueta de expender sus productos en una nueva carnicería o tajón en el centro de la ciudad. Decididos a no pagar el acarreo correspondiente, y valiéndose del cabildo (del que eran dueños, estos hacendados terminaron por imponer su voluntad sobre el virrey, quien transigió con un aumento del 50 % en el precio de la carne, a cambio de establecer el tajón. El caso muestra la debilidad del Estado colonial en sus postrimerías y pone en evidencia el egoísmo ante lo público de los potentados santafereños, que, al cabo de dos años, se convirtieron en beneméritos republicanos. Se usan papeles de los fondos: Abastos, Milicias y Marina, Miscelánea de la Colonia y Gobierno del Archivo General de la Nación de Bogotá.

  6. EL ESPECTÁCULO DE LA INTIMIDAD. RAÍCES HISTÓRICAS DE LA COMUNICACIÓN CENTRADA EN EL YO. THE PRIVACY SHOW: HISTORICAL ROOTS OF COMMUNICATION FOCUSED ON THE EGO.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Carbajo Núñez.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación que gira en torno a la sociedad de la información hoy, las fuertes tensiones a las que está sometida, al tradicional consenso social sobre la modestia y el pudor. La comunicación se centra en el yo íntimo, en los sentimientos, mientras se hace cada vez más frecuente la exhibición descarada de la propia interioridad y una curiosidad morbosa, libre de culpa y castigo. Los medios de comunicación social [=MCS] explotan sin reparos el filón de la intimidad, pisoteando con frecuencia el derecho a la privacidad. Los programas de telerrealidad (reality shows figuran entre los preferidos por la audiencia.This article presents the results of a research that revolves around the Information Society today, the strong tensions to which it is subject, the traditional social consensus on modesty and decency. Communication focuses on the intimate ego and feelings, while it is much more often the blatant exhibition of the own interiority and a morbid curiosity, free of guilt and punishment. The social media [SM] exploit without objection, the gold mine of privacy, often trampling on the right of privacy. Reality T.V. programs (reality shows are among the preferred by the audience.

  7. Pancreas Scanning with Se{sup 75}-Selenomethionine; Scintigraphie du Pancreas avec de la Selenomethionine Marquee au Selenium-75; Skennirovanie podzheludochnoj zhelezy s pomoshch'yu selenometionina, mechennogo Selenom-75; Exploracion del Pancreas con Selenometionina-{sup 75}Se

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blau, M. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Roswell Park Memorial Institute, Buffalo, NY (United States)

    1964-10-15

    dosis corporal total imputable a la aplicacion de este procedimiento es inferior a 1 rad. La dosis de selenio es de algunos microgramos solamente y no entrana ningun riesgo de toxicidad. (author) [Russian] Obnaruzhena vysokaja stepen' koncentracii aminokislot v podzheludochnoj zheleze v techenie pervyh neskol'kih chasov posle vvedenija. Jeta osobennost' svjazana s bystrym sintezom i krugooborotom pishhevaritel'nyh fermentov. Poskol'ku ni odin iz jelementov v strukture aminokislot (C,H,N i S) ne imeet sootvetstvujushhih gamma- izluchajushhih izotopov, ih nel'zja ispol'zovat' dlja skennirovanija. Byli podgotovleny i ispytany neskol'ko proizvodnyh aminokislot -jod-131, no v kazhdom sluchae terjalos' svojstvo ishodnoj aminokisloty sosredotochivat'sja v podzheludochnoj zheleze. Himicheskoe shodstvo selena i sery daet osnovanie schitat', chto selenovyj analog meteonina blizok k metioninu po stroeniju v dostatochnoj stepeni, chtoby zanjat' ego mesto pri sinteze belka. Selen-75 (period poluraspada 128 dnej, osnovnye dannye: gamma-luchi, 0,27 Mjev) prigoden dlja skennirovanija. Prigotavlivalsja selenometionin - selen-75 s pomoshh'ju biosinteza drozhzhej. Drozhzhi vyrashhivali na srede s nizkim soderzhaniem sery i vysokoj udel'noj aktivnost'ju selena-75 v vide selenita. Posle jekstragirovanija jefirom i gorjachej trihloruksusnoj kislotoj belkovyj ostatok podvergali gidrolizu s pomoshh'ju soljanoj kisloty. Rezul'tirujushhuju smes' aminokislot razdeljali metodom hromatografii na kolonke. Selenometionin -selen-75, podgotovlennyj takim obrazom, imel biologicheskie svojstva prirodnyh aminokislot. Pogloshhenie v podzheludochnoj zheleze sostavljalo okolo 7%vvedennoj dozy, a koncentracija na gramm podzheludochnoj zhelezy byla v 7 raz bol'she chem na gramm pecheni. Pogloshhenie v krovi i drugih organah bylo eshhe nizhe, pecheni. Pogloshhenie v krovi i drugih organah bylo eshhe nizhe. V nastojashhee vremja proizvoditsja klinicheskaja ocenka metodov skennirovanija podzheludochnoj zhelezy

  8. Utjecaj visokog hidrostatskog tlaka, ultrazvuka i pulsirajućeg električnog polja na sastojke i svojstva mlijeka

    OpenAIRE

    Jeličić, Irena; Lisak, Katarina; Božanić, Rajka

    2012-01-01

    Visoki hidrostatski tlak, ultrazvuk i pulsirajuće električno polje pripadaju novim metodama procesiranja hrane čija primjena, najčešće u kombinaciji s toplinom ili međusobnoj kombinaciji, omogućava postizanje odgovarajuće mikrobiološke kvalitete uz minimalne gubitke prirodnih svojstava namirnica. Primjena sve tri metode je intenzivno proučavana na mlijeku kao mediju te je objavljen veliki broj radova sa obećavajućim rezultatima vezanim uz inaktivaciju mikroorganizama. Međutim, mnoštvo provede...

  9. Hysteresis properties of local region of morphous-crystalline alloy. Gisterezisnye svojstva lokal'nogo uchastka amorfnokristallicheskogo splava

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kryukov, I I [Irkutskij Pedagogicheskij Inst., Irkutsk (Russian Federation)

    1991-09-01

    Fields of H{sub 3} domain boundary pinning on an amorphous interlayer d thick, separating neighbouring crystallites, the axes of light magnetization (ALM) of which are disoriented, were calculated by numerical methods for amorpthous-crystalline alloy (ACA). At d=0 and d={infinity} analytical expressions were obtained for H{sub p}. It is shown that ALM dispersion of the crystallites to a considerable extent determines hysteresis properties of ACA and can be responsible for bends on magnetization and remagnetization curves, dependence of hysteresis properties of magnetizing field amplitude and the sample prehistory.

  10. Utjecaj načina uzgoja i gnojidbe dušikom na morfološka svojstva dvodomne koprive

    OpenAIRE

    Stubljar, Sanja; Žutić, Ivanka; Fabek, Sanja; Benko, Božidar; Toth, Nina

    2013-01-01

    Dvodomna kopriva (Urtica dioica L.) cijenjena je biljna vrsta velike iskoristivosti, a primjenjuje se u medicini, prehrambenoj, kozmetičkoj, farmaceutskoj i tekstilnoj industriji te u ekološkoj poljoprivredi kao insekticid ili gnojivo. Zbog sve veće potražnje te ograničavanja biljnih resursa, javlja se potreba njenog uvođenja u poljoprivrednu proizvodnju. Međutim, tehnologija uzgoja koprive, kao i optimalna doza gnojidbe dušikom, još uvijek nisu dovoljno istražene. U vegetacijskom pokusu, pos...

  11. Expensive Egos: Narcissistic Males Have Higher Cortisol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhard, David A.; Konrath, Sara H.; Lopez, William D.; Cameron, Heather G.

    2012-01-01

    Background Narcissism is characterized by grandiosity, low empathy, and entitlement. There has been limited research regarding the hormonal correlates of narcissism, despite the potential health implications. This study examined the role of participant narcissism and sex on basal cortisol concentrations in an undergraduate population. Methods and Findings Participants were 106 undergraduate students (79 females, 27 males, mean age 20.1 years) from one Midwestern and one Southwestern American university. Narcissism was assessed using the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, and basal cortisol concentrations were collected from saliva samples in a laboratory setting. Regression analyses examined the effect of narcissism and sex on cortisol (log). There were no sex differences in basal cortisol, F(1,97) = .20, p = .65, and narcissism scores, F(1,97) = .00, p = .99. Stepwise linear regression models of sex and narcissism and their interaction predicting cortisol concentrations showed no main effects when including covariates, but a significant interaction, β = .27, p = .04. Narcissism was not related to cortisol in females, but significantly predicted cortisol in males. Examining the effect of unhealthy versus healthy narcissism on cortisol found that unhealthy narcissism was marginally related to cortisol in females, β = .27, p = .06, but significantly predicted higher basal cortisol in males, β = .72, p = .01, even when controlling for potential confounds. No relationship was found between sex, narcissism, or their interaction on self-reported stress. Conclusions Our findings suggest that the HPA axis is chronically activated in males with unhealthy narcissism. This constant activation of the HPA axis may have important health implications. PMID:22292062

  12. Expensive egos: narcissistic males have higher cortisol.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David A Reinhard

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Narcissism is characterized by grandiosity, low empathy, and entitlement. There has been limited research regarding the hormonal correlates of narcissism, despite the potential health implications. This study examined the role of participant narcissism and sex on basal cortisol concentrations in an undergraduate population. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Participants were 106 undergraduate students (79 females, 27 males, mean age 20.1 years from one Midwestern and one Southwestern American university. Narcissism was assessed using the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, and basal cortisol concentrations were collected from saliva samples in a laboratory setting. Regression analyses examined the effect of narcissism and sex on cortisol (log. There were no sex differences in basal cortisol, F(1,97 = .20, p = .65, and narcissism scores, F(1,97 = .00, p = .99. Stepwise linear regression models of sex and narcissism and their interaction predicting cortisol concentrations showed no main effects when including covariates, but a significant interaction, β = .27, p = .04. Narcissism was not related to cortisol in females, but significantly predicted cortisol in males. Examining the effect of unhealthy versus healthy narcissism on cortisol found that unhealthy narcissism was marginally related to cortisol in females, β = .27, p = .06, but significantly predicted higher basal cortisol in males, β = .72, p = .01, even when controlling for potential confounds. No relationship was found between sex, narcissism, or their interaction on self-reported stress. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the HPA axis is chronically activated in males with unhealthy narcissism. This constant activation of the HPA axis may have important health implications.

  13. Perseus as Alter Ego of Ferdinand I

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bažant, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 20, č. 1 (2016), s. 127-150 ISSN 1212-5865 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Ferdinand I * Perseus * And romeda * Renaissance art * relief sculpture * allegory Subject RIV: AB - History http://studiahercynia.ff.cuni.cz/en/magazin/2016-1-2/

  14. MARROW MATCHING MARRED BY CLASHING EGOS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2006-02-02

    Feb 2, 2006 ... Sunflower Fund (SF), a high-profile fund-raising NGO (a .... Nelson Hotel charity ball and auction in Cape Town ... Sunflower Fund workers; Venessa Horn; PR Manager Cape Town, Tina Botha; CEO, Pippa Hunt;. PR Manager ...

  15. Sposób prowadzenia badań archeologiczno-architektonicznych, a możliwości wykorzystania ich wyników w procesie projektowym na przykładzie byłego Szpitala im. Babińskiego we Wrocławiu.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justyna Kleszcz

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Niniejszy artykuł stanowi omówienie zagadnienia trybu i sposobu prowadzenia badań archeologiczno-architektonicznych ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem możliwości prawnych oraz analizę skutków (pozytywnych i negatywnych wyboru poszczególnych form na sposób, w jaki prowadzone są prace projektowe oraz możliwości ekspozycji odsłoniętych reliktów. Zagadnienia te zostaną omówione głównie na przykładzie prac prowadzonych od 2015 roku na obszarze byłego szpitala im. Babińskiego przy placu Jana Pawła II we Wrocławiu przez zespół badawczy pod kierunkiem dr inż. arch. Piotra Kmiecika oraz dr Roberta Szweda, przy współudziale dr Czesława Lasoty. Teren byłego Szpitala był zdecydowanie jednym z najciekawszych pod względem archeologiczno – architektonicznym we Wrocławiu, jednocześnie jednak również jednym z najbardziej skomplikowanych. Na stopień skomplikowania miało wpływ nie tyle nagromadzenie warstw kulturowych i spodziewanych odkryć, a samo położenie oraz nawarstwienie ciągłych przekształceń obszaru, skutkujące gęstą zabudową, a także nagromadzeniem czynnych magistrali sieciowych o znaczeniu tranzytowym, ukształtowaniem powiązań komunikacyjnych w obrębie rozległego obszaru i ukształtowaniem zieleni objętej ochroną prawną. Jednoczesne wystąpienie tylu czynników spowodowało niemożliwość oszacowania zakresu i wielkości prowadzonych prac przed ich rozpoczęciem, wymusiło elastyczność oraz konieczność zaaranżowania badań z uwzględnieniem udziału ekip budowlanych w ich trakcie. Poziom komplikacji wymuszał także pewne modyfikacje w trybie prowadzonych prac, co ukazuje konieczność weryfikacji podejścia do restrykcyjnego podziału, oraz ukazuje szereg możliwości, jakie daje ściślejsza współpraca na linii architekt-archeolog-urząd konserwatora zabytków-budowa.

  16. Dialectics of Development: Teacher Identity Formation in the Interplay of Ideal Ego and Ego Ideal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Matthew; Michell, Michael; Ellis, Neville John

    2017-01-01

    This paper results from research examining pre-service teacher development in relation to experiences of mentoring during the Professional Experience component of their programme. The paper focuses on the interplay between pre-service teachers' personal aspirations for their own practice and identity and their perceptions of more socialized and…

  17. تشكل هوية الأنا وعلاقتها بالتوافق النفسي لدى طلبة الجامعة Constitute the identity of the ego Psychological Adjustment and their relationship with the university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Jaber Obeid أ.م. حسن عبيد جبر

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Human faces of many development changes of all personal sides . the identity formation presents the pivot of this change as it connects with human capacity of specifies proud and his Roles in life, through at temptation reaching for discions for questions being insistent and present of (Ego Identity Crisis such as (who am I, what I want, what's my goals in life, where I am going to ,through the formation process ,human be on contrast sides As he could reach to specific answers achieving his identity. Or he suffers from confusion and Diffusion in his identity presentation of failing of reaching to answers of questions and failing of specification aims and Roles .the researcher tries to discover to the nature relationship between formation identity and self-adjustment development As, the researcher applies the subjective measurement to form the Identity and self-adjustment on sample about 352 from university's students. the research ends to totally result that confirm the positively relationship to develop self adjustment achieving Ego-Identity and the negation of Diffusion, to the weakness relationship between self-adjustment development and the medium statuses with tendency of lower influence of moratorium and identity foreclosure.

  18. The "selfish brain" hypothesis for metabolic abnormalities in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia A hipótese do "cérebro egoísta" para alterações metabólicas no transtorno bipolar e na esquizofrenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Barbachan Mansur

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Metabolic abnormalities are frequent in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BD, leading to a high prevalence of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in this population. Moreover, mortality rates among patients are higher than in the general population, especially due to cardiovascular diseases. Several neurobiological systems involved in energy metabolism have been shown to be altered in both illnesses; however, the cause of metabolic abnormalities and how they relate to schizophrenia and BD pathophysiology are still largely unknown. The "selfish brain" theory is a recent paradigm postulating that, in order to maintain its own energy supply stable, the brain modulates energy metabolism in the periphery by regulation of both allocation and intake of nutrients. We hypothesize that the metabolic alterations observed in these disorders are a result of an inefficient regulation of the brain energy supply and its compensatory mechanisms. The selfish brain theory can also expand our understanding of stress adaptation and neuroprogression in schizophrenia and BD, and, overall, can have important clinical implications for both illnesses.Alterações metabólicas são frequentes em pacientes com esquizofrenia e transtorno bipolar (TB, levando a uma alta prevalência de diabetes e síndrome metabólica nessa população. Além disso, as taxas de mortalidade entre pacientes são mais altas do que na população geral, especialmente em decorrência de doenças cardiovasculares. Vários sistemas neurobiológicos envolvidos no metabolismo energético têm demonstrado alterações nas duas doenças; no entanto, a causa das alterações metabólicas e a forma como elas se relacionam com a fisiopatologia da esquizofrenia e do TB ainda são arenas em grande parte desconhecidas. A teoria do "cérebro egoísta" é um paradigma recente que postula que, para manter estável seu próprio fornecimento de energia, o cérebro modula o metabolismo da energia na

  19. Structure and properties of Ni22Cr10Al1Y coatings deposited by the vacuum plasma spray process / Структура и свойства покрытия Ni22Cr10Al1Y нанесенного методом вакуумного плазменного напыления / Struktura i svojstva prevlake Ni22Cr10Al1Y deponovane vakuum-plazma-sprej procesom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihailo R. Mrdak

    2017-04-01

    ценка качества покрытия. / Cilj rada jeste da se vakuum-plazma-sprej procesom deponuju slojevi prevlake Ni22Cr10Al1Y za zaštitu komponenti gasnih turbina od oksidacije i visokotemperaturne korozije. Prevlaka može znatno uticati na svojstva substrata, jer zajedno sa substratom formira kompozit. Vrsta procesa depozicije prevlake i režim termičke obrade prevlake sa substratom bitno utiču na njenu otpornost na visokotemperaturno puzanje. Deponovanje praha Ni22Cr10Al1Y urađeno je vakuum-plazma-sprej sistemom firme Plasma Technik - AG koji koristi komandni pult A-2000 i plazma pištoljem F4. Prevlaka deponovana na substratu od legure INCONEL X-750 termički je obrađena na 11000C u trajanju od 2 sata u zaštitnoj atmosferi argona. Morfologija čestica praha ispitana je metodom skening elektronske mikroskopije. Ispitivanja mikrotvrdoće slojeva rađena su metodom HV0.3 i čvrstoće spoja metodom ispitivanja na zatezanje, koja su bila u skladu sa standardom Pratt & Whitney. Mikrostruktura slojeva prevlake u deponovanom stanju ispitana je na svetlosnom mikroskopu. Nagrizanje prevlake rađeno je mešanjem azotne kiseline 2,5 ml HNO3 sa 7,5 ml fluorovodonične kiseline HF. Analiza mikrostrukture nagrizene prevlake pre i posle termičke obrade, kao i debljina difuzione zone, izvedena je na svetlosnom mikroskopu, na osnovu čega je ocenjen kvalitet prevlake.

  20. Influence of complexing on physicochemical properties of polymer-salt solutions. Vliyanie kompleksoobrazovaniya na fiziko-khimicheskie svojstva polimerno-solevykh rastvorov

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostroushko, A A; Yushkova, S M; Koridze, N V; Skobkoreva, N V; Zhuravleva, L I; Palitskaya, T A; Antropova, S V; Ostroushko, I P [Ural' skij Gosudarstvennyj Univ., Sverdlovsk (Russian Federation) AN SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Obshchej i Neorganicheskoj Khimii

    1993-06-01

    Using the methods of spectrophotometry, viscosimetry, conductometry the influence of salt-polymer complexing processes on physicochemical prperties of aqueous solutions of yttrium, barium, copper nitrates and formates with polyvinyl alcohol was studied. Change of dynamic viscosity, specific electric conductivity of solutions in the process of complexing was shown. Thermal effects of salt-polymer interaction were measured. It is shown that decrease of transition temperature of polymer to plastic state in films, temperature and effective activation energy of salt decomposition is also connected with complexing. Effective values of surface tension on the boundary with air are measured. Coefficients of cation diffusion in polymer-salt solutions are estimated.

  1. Opticheskije, magnitnyje i dielektricheskie svojstva opalovych matric s zapolneniem mezhefericheskih nanopolostej kristallicheskimi mul´tiferroikami, p´ezoelektricheskimi i segnetoelektricheskimi materialami

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Samoylovich, M.I.; Rinkevich, A.B.; Bovtun, Viktor; Belyanin, A.F.; Kempa, Martin; Nuzhnyy, Dmitry; Tsvetkov, M.Ju.; Klescheva, S.M.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 56, 1-2 (2012), s. 11-25 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP204/12/0232 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520 Keywords : nanocomposite * opal matrices * effective dielectric properties * multiferroics Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

  2. Influence of production method on physical and chemical properties of Kumkol petroleum; Vliyanie sposoba dobychi na fiziko-khimicheskie svojstva Kumkol`skoj nefti

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ajdarbaev, A S; Nadirov, A N; Musaeva, Z G

    1997-11-04

    Industrial petroleum and gas content of Kumkol deposit is determined. It dated to Lower Neocomian and Upper Jurassic terrigenous stage sediments. It is determined, that its lithologic characteristics are very different. That is explained by various condition of sedimentation. (author) 11 refs., 5 tabs. Suppl. Neft` i gaz Kazakhstana

  3. Dielectric properties of gadolinium molybdate in low- and infralow frequency electric fields. Diehlektricheskie svojstva molibdata gadoliniya v nizko- i infranizkochastotnykh ehlektricheskikh polyakh

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galiyarova, N M; Gorin, S V; Dontsova, L I; Shil' nikov, A V; Shuvalov, L A [Volgogradskij Inzhenerno-Stroitel' nyj Inst., Volgograd (Russian Federation) AN SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Kristallografii

    1992-10-01

    Temperature dependences of complex dielectric permittivity of gadolinium molybdate (GMO) in low- (LF) and infralow-frequency (ILF) electric fields with 0.1 V[center dot]cm[sup -1] amplitude within 0.25-10[sup 4] Hz frequency range are studied. Substantial effect of the crystal prehistory on LF and ILF dielectric properties and domain structure state is revealed. An anomalous reduction of complex dielectric permittivity accompanied by the occurrence of the Debye LF-dispersion of permittivity is detected under the sample cooling from a nonpolar phase.

  4. Properties of complex tungstates, niobates, translated with fluorite-like structure. Svojstva slozhnykh vol'framatov, niobatov, tantalatov s flyuoritopodobnoj strukturoj

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vetkina, S N; Zolin, V F; Sirotinkin, V P; Smirnov, S A

    1989-04-01

    Spectra of ternary tungstates, niobates and tantalates (MeLa{sub 2}WO{sub 7}, La{sub 3}TO{sub 7}; Me=Ba, Sr; T=Ta, Nb) related to the layered fluorite group are analyzed. The laser pumping and time resolved luminescence are used for selecting spectra of unequivalent centers. The symmetry of the first center is near to the distorted cubic one. The vibrational spectra of europium in Eu{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} and SrLa{sub 2}WO{sub 7} are due to the chain-like structure of niobates and to the net-like structure of tantalates. The stimulated emission of Nd{sup 3+} in powders of BaLa{sub 2}WO{sub 7} and La{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} is observed at wavelengths of 1.07 and 1.063 {mu}m, respectively.

  5. ToF camera ego-motion estimation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ratshidaho, T

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available random errors, do not have a mean value when measurements are repeated several times. They are handled by filtering. A jump edge filter is implemented in all the experiments undertaken. Jump edges occur when the transition between foreground objects... and the background objects is sudden but the camera transition is smooth. The application of a jump edge is shown in Figure 1 below. Figure 1: (a) bimodal scene used to test the jump edge filter and (b) shows the point cloud from the SR4000 ToF camera...

  6. Optimizing Airspace Closure with respect to Politicians' Egos

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kostitsyna, Irina; Löffler, Maarten; Polishchuk, Valentin

    2014-01-01

    When a president is landing at a busy airport, the airspace around the airport closes for commercial traffic. We show how to schedule the presidential squadron so as to minimize its impact on scheduled civilian flights; to obtain an efficient solution we use a ``rainbow'' algorithm recoloring

  7. Optimizing airspace closure with respect to politicians’ egos

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kostitsyna, I.; Löffler, M.; Polishchuk, V.; Ferro, A.; Luccio, F.; Widmayer, P.

    2014-01-01

    When a president is landing at a busy airport, the airspace around the airport closes for commercial traffic. We show how to schedule the presidential squadron so as to minimize its impact on scheduled civilian flights; to obtain an efficient solution we use a "rainbow" algorithm recoloring aircraft

  8. Optimizing airspace closure with respect to politicians’ egos

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kostitsyna, I.; Löffler, M.; Polishchuk, V.

    2015-01-01

    When a president is landing at a busy airport, the airspace around the airport closes for commercial traffic. We show how to schedule the presidential squadron so as to minimize its impact on scheduled civilian flights; to obtain an efficient solution we use a "rainbow" algorithm recoloring aircraft

  9. Phenomenological Intentionality meets an Ego-less State | Barnes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    When using the phenomenological method, one aims to capture the essential structures of lived experiences. It has been my experience that phenomenology does this well, when researching experiences that are lived through our bodily senses and understood with our minds. When trying to capture and describe ...

  10. The Physicalist Worldview as Neurotic Ego-Defense Mechanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Kastrup

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The physicalist worldview is often portrayed as a dispassionate interpretation of reality motivated purely by observable facts. In this article, ideas of both depth and social psychology are used to show that this portrayal may not be accurate. Physicalism—whether it ultimately turns out to be philosophically correct or not—is hypothesized to be partly motivated by the neurotic endeavor to project onto the world attributes that help one avoid confronting unacknowledged aspects of one’s own inner life. Moreover, contrary to what most people assume, physicalism creates an opportunity for the intellectual elites who develop and promote it to maintain a sense of meaning in their own lives through fluid compensation. However, because this compensatory strategy does not apply to a large segment of society, it creates a schism—with corresponding tensions—that may help explain the contemporary conflict between neo-atheism and religious belief.

  11. Neoliberalistliku ego õitseng või agoonia? / Mart Ojasalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojasalu, Mart

    2008-01-01

    Järg 27. veebr. lk. 6-7. Autori arvates ei hävita ultraliberalism ainult eetilisi inimsuhteid, vaid mässib eestlased pangalaenude ja liisingutega pangaorjusesse, mille tasateenimisele kulub kogu elu. 21. sajand on loodusvarasid raiskava vabaturumajanduse lõpp, selle vahetab välja ökoloogiline "meie"-tunnetusel põhinev Confuciuse elustiil

  12. Vocational Identity and Ego Identity Status in Korean Nursing Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun-Young Koo, PhD, RN

    2016-03-01

    Conclusions: These findings show that nursing students in identity achievement status have secure and clear vocational identities. Further longitudinal and qualitative studies are needed to find out if identity formation among nursing students changes with age.

  13. Alter ego + cahier d'activités : A2

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Le cahier propose de valider et de renforcer les connaissances acquises à travers une grande variété d’activités : de vocabulaire ; de grammaire ; de communication ; de compréhension écrite et production écrite ; de plus, des activités de compréhension orale (CD audio inclus) viennent enrichir le travail sur les compétences de communication. À la fin du cahier, un portfolio permet à l’apprenant de suivre de façon active et réfléchie son apprentissage.

  14. Padaczka jako problem wieku podeszłego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Klimek

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Padaczka w późnym wieku cechuje się wieloma odrębnościami, stwarzając istotne trudności diagnostyczne i terapeutyczne. Badania wykazały, że liczba zachorowań na padaczkę u osób po 50. r.ż. wyraźnie wzrasta – jej występowanie u osób w wieku 70-75 lat jest dziś ważnym problemem społecznym. Badania epidemiologiczne prowadzone w wielu krajach wykazują zbliżone wskaźniki rozpowszechnienia i zachorowalności na padaczkę w wieku starczym. Etiologia napadów w tym wieku jest różna: u 50% chorych stwierdza się padaczkę idiopatyczną, u 33% będącą skutkiem uszkodzenia naczyniowego mózgu, zaś w 12% padaczkę w przebiegu procesów otępiennych. Pozostałe przyczyny są o wiele rzadsze. W wieku starczym napady częściowe złożone (50% i proste (13% przeważają nad napadami toniczno-klonicznymi (27%. W rozpoznaniu różnicowym należy przede wszystkim wykluczyć kardiogenne tło utrat przytomności oraz otępienie. W związku z wydłużającą się w ostatnich latach średnią długością życia w Polsce problem padaczek wieku starczego bę- dzie narastał. Jest on także związany z występowaniem w tym wieku udarów niedokrwiennych. W artykule przedstawione zostały odpowiednie wyliczenia w odniesieniu do naszego kraju oparte na powszechnie przyjętych wskaźnikach zachorowalności i rozpowszechnienia padaczki.

  15. A Preliminary Investigation of Ego Stage and Leadership Effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-01

    traits are not necessarily linked to observable0! behavior. For example, an individual may refrain from sexual harassment because he is legally bound...are given value as a function of their worth to the child. Bodily impulses, such as sexual and aggressive im- pulses, appropriate to the particular...potentialities in various circumstances. Conscientiousness of oneself transmutes group standards of conduct and appearance. No longer does the person see one

  16. Et in Arcadia Ego: El Mausoleo de Castle Howard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Muñoz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen

    Todas las construcciones que pueblan el jardín de Castle Howard de una forma aparentemente azarosa, colocadas siempre sobre  pequeñas colinas, transmiten la sensación de ser objetos permanentemente observados, más que de ser ellos mismos  lugares de observación del territorio circundante. Son más receptores de la mirada que origen de ella y esta situación es especialmente relevante en el caso del mausoleo de  Hawksmoor, algo más que un pabellón o un hito en el paisaje, ya que es la culminación de un itinerario que recorre todas ellas y el contrapunto a la casa principal. El mausoleo es el edificio  más habitado y también el más cualificado desde el punto de vista espacial, el más cerrado y al mismo tiempo el más vacío,  el más inaccesible y el más cercano. Esta construcción circular puede ser contemplada con emoción desde la lejanía, pero  también invita a aproximarse a sus límites, hasta sentir casi físicamente la vitalidad de quien habita en el interior de esa  jaula de piedra, y que habitará allí para siempre recordándonos que, como afirmaba Erwin Panofsky, la muerte es el auténtico
    sujeto de la existencia en el paisaje arcádico.

    Palabras clave

    Castle Howard, paisaje, mausoleo, Hawksmoor, arcadia, muerte, Panofsky

    Abstract

    All buildings that populate the garden of Castle Howard in a seemingly random, always placed on small hills, convey the feeling of being constantly observed objects, rather than being themselves observation sites surrounding territory. They are  more the gaze receptors than its origin, and this is particularly relevant in the case of the mausoleum of Hawksmoor, more  than a pavilion or a landmark in the landscape as it is the culmination of an itinerary that covers all of them and the counterpoint to the main house. The mausoleum is the building most inhabited and the most qualified from the spatial point of view, the most closed, the emptiest, the most inaccessible and the closest. This circular building can be watched with emotion  from afar, but also encouraged to approach their limits, to almost physically feel the vitality of who lives inside that cage of stone, and dwells there forever reminding us that, as stated  Erwin Panofsky, death is the real subject of the existence in the Arcadian landscape.

    Key words

    Castle Howard, paysage, mausoleum, Hawksmoor, arcadia, death, Panofsky

  17. Gorod nagrazhdajet teh, kto ego ukrasil / Anna Orshanskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Orshanskaja, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Konkursi "Kaunis Eesti kodu 2006" võitjate autasustamisest Narva lossis. Konkursist. أKodu kauniksؤ (käesolevast aastast uue nimega أKaunis Eesti koduؤ) liikumise taastas 1997. aastal president Lennart Meri

  18. Songs for the ego: Theorizing musical self-enhancement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul eElvers

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines a theoretical account of musical self-enhancement. I claim that listening to music serves as a resource for actively manipulating affective states so that a positive self-view is maintained and a sense of optimism is provided. Self-enhancement—the process by which individuals modify their self-worth and gain self-esteem—typically takes place in social interactions. I argue that experiencing music may serve as a unique aesthetic surrogate for interaction, which equally enables self-enhancement. This ability relies on three main characteristics of the musical experience, namely, its capacity to (a evoke empathetic feelings, (b elicit social cohesion and affiliation, and (c elicit feelings of reward. I outline how these characteristics relate to theories of music cognition and empirical findings in psychology and neuroscience research. I also explain the specifics of musical self-enhancement and how it differs from music’s other regulatory functions such as mood- and emotion regulation. My aim in introducing the notion of musical self-enhancement is to broaden our understanding of how music functions as an environmental resource entailing access to unique affective states and how musical experiences are co-constituted by both the agent and the sonic environment. This specific use of music for self-enhancement can be regarded as a form of affective niche construction, providing the external conditions in which people can experience themselves more positively and maintain high self-esteem.

  19. Freedom of racist speech: Ego and expressive threats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Mark H; Crandall, Christian S

    2017-09-01

    Do claims of "free speech" provide cover for prejudice? We investigate whether this defense of racist or hate speech serves as a justification for prejudice. In a series of 8 studies (N = 1,624), we found that explicit racial prejudice is a reliable predictor of the "free speech defense" of racist expression. Participants endorsed free speech values for singing racists songs or posting racist comments on social media; people high in prejudice endorsed free speech more than people low in prejudice (meta-analytic r = .43). This endorsement was not principled-high levels of prejudice did not predict endorsement of free speech values when identical speech was directed at coworkers or the police. Participants low in explicit racial prejudice actively avoided endorsing free speech values in racialized conditions compared to nonracial conditions, but participants high in racial prejudice increased their endorsement of free speech values in racialized conditions. Three experiments failed to find evidence that defense of racist speech by the highly prejudiced was based in self-relevant or self-protective motives. Two experiments found evidence that the free speech argument protected participants' own freedom to express their attitudes; the defense of other's racist speech seems motivated more by threats to autonomy than threats to self-regard. These studies serve as an elaboration of the Justification-Suppression Model (Crandall & Eshleman, 2003) of prejudice expression. The justification of racist speech by endorsing fundamental political values can serve to buffer racial and hate speech from normative disapproval. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. Songs for the Ego: Theorizing Musical Self-Enhancement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elvers, Paul

    2016-01-01

    This paper outlines a theoretical account of musical self-enhancement. I claim that listening to music serves as a resource for actively manipulating affective states so that a positive self-view is maintained and a sense of optimism is provided. Self-enhancement—the process by which individuals modify their self-worth and gain self-esteem—typically takes place in social interactions. I argue that experiencing music may serve as a unique “esthetic surrogate” for interaction, which equally enables self-enhancement. This ability relies on three main characteristics of the musical experience, namely, its capacity to (a) evoke empathetic feelings, (b) elicit social cohesion and affiliation, and (c) elicit feelings of reward. I outline how these characteristics relate to theories of music cognition and empirical findings in psychology and neuroscience research. I also explain the specifics of musical self-enhancement and how it differs from music’s other regulatory functions such as mood- and emotion regulation. My aim in introducing the notion of musical self-enhancement is to broaden our understanding of how music functions as an environmental resource entailing access to unique affective states and how musical experiences are co-constituted by both the agent and the sonic environment. This specific use of music for self-enhancement can be regarded as a form of affective niche construction, providing the external conditions in which people can experience themselves more positively and maintain high self-esteem. PMID:26834675

  1. Eesti kunsti superego, ego ja id / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2007-01-01

    Graafikanäitus "Kohanemised" Rahvusraamatukogus. JP Kaljoneni (sünd. 1976, Soome) fotonäitus "Integrations" Draakoni galeriis. Jevgeni Klimovi (1946-1996) fotonäitus Venemaa saatkonna galeriis. Nikolai Kormashovi portree-etüüdide väljapanek Haus galeriis. Jaan Elkeni popmuusikast inspireeritud maalinäitus Hobusepea galeriis. Näitus "Skulptuur räägib : võim ja vabadus" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Tanja Muravskaja video ja fotoseeria "Positsioonid" ning Kristina Normani videoinstallatsioon "Monoliit. Eternal Mix" Noorte kunstnike biennaalil Rüütelkonna hoones. Kaido Ole väljapanek "Hümn" Vaal-galeriis. Anu Pennaneni video "Sõprus" Kumus. Flo Kasearu video "Mulgi reisid" ja näitus ArtDepoo Galeriis. Eeva Käsperi klaasinäitus "Õrn. Salvestatud mõjutused" Hop galeriis. EKA metallikunsti ja skulptuuri eriala üliõpilaste kollektiivse alateadvusliku joonistamise näitus "Entroopia" Pikk t. 42 ja muud

  2. German, Pikovaja dama i jejo alter ego / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2007-01-01

    Moskva Vahtangovi nim. Teatri näitlejad Ludmilla Maksakova, Jevgeni Knjazev ja Julia Rutberg räägivad Pjotr Fomenko "Padaemanda" lavastusest, mis etendub Tallinnas festivali "Kuldne mask Eestis" raames

  3. Stanisław Bułak-Bałachowicz. Postać, która mogła połączyć narody byłego Wielkiego Księstwa Litewskiego, a jednak ich nie połączyła

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Gierowska-Kałłaur

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Stanisław Bułak-Bałachowicz. He who could have united the nations of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania, yet did not Revered, fluent in all Borderland languages, an excellent soldier; Stanisław Bułak-Bałachowicz, back when he was a subordinate of Nikolai Yudenich, tried to rename the unit under his command to the "People's Army", or in other words, the Territorial or National Army. The territorial understanding of "Belarusness", in conjunction with the nearly atavistic antibolshevism of Bałachowicz, were a great asset in Józef Piłsudski's new political combination. Piłsudski decided to benefit from Savinkov's idealistic approach for his own purpose. The Russian Political Committee, Bałachowicz's troops and the statements of Vyacheslav Adamovich (father were to support the establishment of Belarus for Belarusians. Not under Kaunas and Berlin, nor a Soviet one. A “Third Belarus”. A Belarus friendly towards Poland. Following discussions with Savinkov, the builder of the "Third Russia", Piłsudski engaged himself after 6 March 1920 (Millerand Note in supporting (inter alia financially the Russian Political Committee. Based on the agreement of the Polish Supreme Command with B.V. Savinkov, all Russian formations on the Polish territory were subordinated politically to B. Savinkov. On 27 August 1920, on the orders of the Supreme Command, Bałachowicz entered a secret agreement with Savinkov. They both were also to seek convening the Constituent Assembly, providing land for the people and democracy, and to create a Union of Nations (i.e., a federation. In the event of Bałachowicz's unit succeeding "deeper into Russian territory", the local government and the administrative board were to be founded on his authority. This is how Bułak-Bałachowicz was to become the executor of the first phase of Piłsudski's new "concept for Belarus".   Stanisław Bułak-Bałachowicz. Postać, która mogła połączyć narody byłego Wielkiego Ksi

  4. Excretion of radium in relation to dietary intake; Excretion de radium en fonction de l'ingestion alimentaire; Vydelenie radiya v zavisimosti ot priema ego s pishchej; Excrecion de radio en relacion con su absorcion con los alimentos y el agua

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turner, R. C. [Institute of Cancer Research, Royal Cancer Hospital, London (United Kingdom)

    1963-02-15

    srednej velichiny potrebleniya radiya odnim chelovekom iz ehtikh istochnikov sredi ryada professional'nykh grupp, ravno kak sredi grupp naseleniya razlichnykh rajonov strany. Nesmotrya na shirokij interval velichin aktivnosti produktov pitaniya, srednie velichiny priema malo otlichayutsya drug ot druga u raznykh grupp, pri ehtom oni koleblyutsya mezhdu 2 i 3 mmkkyuri na cheloveka v den'. Soderkhanie radiya v pit'evoj vode v Anglii menyaetsya v diapazone koehffitsientov ot 250 do 1, no v bol'shinstve sluchaev absolyutnye urovni nastol'ko nizki po sravneniyu s urovnem v osnovnykh produktakh pitaniya, chto srednie velichiny potrebleniya radiya s vodoj sostavlyayut lish' 5 - 6% ot srednikh obshchikh kolichestv radiya, pogloshchaemogo kazhdym individuumom. Lish' v odnom rajone strany, v kotorom -prozhivaet men'she odnogo protsenta vsego naseleniya, dnevnoe potreblenie radiya s vodoj prevyshaet potreblenie ego s pishchej. Izmereniya vydelenij s isprazhneniyami v rezul'tate normal'nogo priema pishchi pokazyvaet, chto u vzroslykh molodykh lyudej srednee kolichestvo radiya-226, vydelyaemogo takim putem, sostavlyaet 2-2,5 mmkkyuri v den'. Ehta tsifra soglasuetsya s vychislennymi dannymi srednego dnevnogo priema. Issledovaniya metabolizma u lyudej pokazyvayut, chto bol'shaya chast' sutochnogo kolichestva radiya, prinyatogo s pishchej, vydelyaetsya v techenie 24 - 48 chasov, no popytki opredelit' fraktsionnoe uderzhanie radiya u vzroslykh privodyat k neodinakovym rezul'tatam. Izmereniya velichin dnevnogo priema i vydeleniya s isprazhneniyami u malen'kikh detej v techenie 33 dnej ukazyvayut na to, chto uderzhanie radiya v periody aktivnogo rosta kostej mozhet sostavlyat' do 10% ili bolee ot obshchego kolichestva radiya, prinyatogo vnutr'. (author)

  5. Correlation of Risk Analysis Method Results with Numerical and Limit Equilibrium Methods in Overall Slope Stability Analysis of Southern Wall of Chadormalu Iron Open Pit Mine-Iran / Korelacja wyników analizy ryzyka z wynikami obliczeń numerycznych oraz wynikami uzyskanymi w oparciu o metodę równowagi granicznej zastosowanych do badania stabilności wyrobiska pochyłego na południowej ścianie odkrywkowej kopalni rud żelaza w chadormalu w Iranie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahangari, Kaveh; Paji, Arman Gholinezhad; Behdani, Alireza Siami

    2013-06-01

    Slope stability analysis is one of the most important factors in designing open pit mines. Therefore an optimal slope design that supports both aspects of economy and safety is very significant. There are many different methods in slope stability analysis including empirical, limit equilibrium, block theory, numerical, and probabilistic methods. In this study, to analyze the overall slope stability of southern wall of Chadormalu iron open pit mine three numerical, limit equilibrium and probabilistic methods have been used. Software and methods that is used for analytical investigation in this study are FLAC software for numerical analysis, SLIDE software and circuit failure chart for limit equilibrium analysis and qualitative fault tree and semi-quantitative risk matrix for probabilistic analysis. The results of all above mentioned methods, was a circular failure occurrence in Metasomatite rock zone between 1405 to 1525 m levels. The main factors of failure occurrence in this range were heavily jointing and existing of faults. Safety factors resulted from numerical method; Circular chart method and SLIDE software are 1.16, 1.25 and 1.27 respectively. Regarding instability and safety factors in Metasomatite rock zone, in order to stabilize the given zone, some considerations such as bench angle and height reduction should be planned. In results of risk matrix method this zone was mentioned too as a high risk zone that numerical and limit equilibrium methods confirmed this. Badanie stabilności wyrobiska pochyłego jest jednym z najważniejszych czynników uwzględnianych przy projektowaniu kopalni odkrywkowych. Optymalne zaprojektowanie wyrobiska pochyłego z uwzględnieniem czynników ekonomicznych oraz bezpieczeństwa jest niezmiernie ważne. Istnieje wiele metod badania stabilności wyrobiska pochyłego, między innymi metody empiryczne, metoda równowagi granicznej, teoria bloków oraz metody numeryczne i probabilistyczne. W pracy tej omówiono zastosowanie

  6. Effect of partial oxygen pressure on physicochemical properties of Kh18N10T steel at isothermal oxidation. Vliyanie partsial'nogo davleniya kisloroda na fiziko-khimicheskie svojstva poverkhnosti stali Kh18N10T pri izotermicheskom okislenii

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alekseev, V N; Oshe, E K; Fokin, M N; Bogdanova, S V; Loskutov, A I [AN SSSR, Moscow (USSR). Inst. Fizicheskoj Khimii

    1990-10-01

    Auger-electron spectroscopy, photoelectric polarization, conductometry methods have been used to analyze chemical and defect composition of surface oxide layers, formed on stainless steel Kh18N10T in vacuum (10{sup -9} - 10{sup -2} torr) and at temperatures 593-673 K. The boundary conditions of manifestation of extermal behaviour of the dependence of the surface oxide growth rate at isothermal oxidation of this steel are determined. The relation between passivation properties of the surface oxide and the magnitude of the edge angle of the surface wetting with molten tin is revealed.

  7. Thermodynamic Properties of Alloys of Iron and Silicon; Proprietes Thermodynamiques des Alliages Fer-Silicium; Termodinamicheskie svojstva splavov zheleza s kremniem; Propiedades Termodinamicas de las Aleaciones de Hierro y Silicio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vecher, R. A.; Gejderih, V. A.; Gerasimov, Ja. I. [Moskovskij Gosudarstvennyj Universitet Im.M.V. Lomonosova, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1966-01-15

    The Fe-Si phase diagram is complex. At 1000 Degree-Sign K there are FeSi{sub 2}({beta}) and FeSi phases and solid solutions of silicon in {alpha} and {alpha}' iron. EMF measurements were made on the electrochemical cells: Fe|Fe{sup 2+} , KI + Nal|Fe-Si at 600-800 Degree-Sign C molten The alloys were prepared from particularly pure components by powder metallurgy and protracted annealing. Studies were made of ten alloys with silicon content between 85 and 4% in all the phase fields in the diagram section at 1000 Degree-Sign K. We calculated the integral thermodynamic quantities {Delta}G, {Delta}H and {Delta}S for the formation of the silicides FeSi{sub 2}({beta}), FeSi and Fe{sub 3}Si at the mean temperature for the experimental range (1000 Degree-Sign K), and also (using the thermal capacity of the silicides, the iron and the silicon) at 298, 1188 and 1798 Degree-Sign K. The heats of formation of the silicides mentioned at 298 Degree-Sign K (kcal/mole) are -19.4, -17.6 and -22.4 respectively. The data existing in the literature enable us to calculate the heat of formation of FeSi{sub 2.33} ({alpha}-leboite) at 298 Degree-Sign K and this is found to be -14.4 kcal/mole. The heats calculated by us are 1.5-3 kcal higher than the experimental values of Corber and Olsen. The heats of mixing calculated by us for liquid alloys agree well with data in the literature. The data obtained can be regarded as due to the change in the character of the bond in silicides from metallic to covalent when the silicon content is increased. From the data for alloy solutions of silicon in a-iron, the iron activities were calculated. It was found that the {alpha} Rightwards-Harpoon-Over-Leftwards-Harpoon {alpha}' transformation observed is a real phase transformation. The two-phase range is wider than shown in the phase diagram (from data in the literature). Conversion of the iron activities in solid solution to liquid solution gives good agreement with the data of Chipman. (author) [French] Le diagramme d'equilibre Fe-Si est tres complexe. A 1000 Degree-Sign K on constate la presence des phases suivantes: FeSi{sub 2}({beta}), FeSi, solutions solides de silicium dans {alpha} et {alpha}'. Les auteurs ont mesure la force electromotrice des cellules electrochimiques: Fe|Fe{sup 2+} , KI + Nal|Fe-Si pour 600-800 Degree-Sign C liquide Les alliages ont ete obtenus a partir d'elements de tres grande purete par la methode de la metallurgie des poudres et soumis a un recuit prolonge. L'etude a porte sur dix alliages ayant une teneur en silicium de 85 a 4%, dans toutes les zones d'une coupe du diagramme d'equilibre a 1000 Degree-Sign K. On a calcule les valeurs integrales de {Delta}G, {Delta}H et {Delta}S relatives a la formation des siliciures FeSi{sub 2} ({beta}), FeSi et Fe{sub 3}Si pour la temperature moyenne de l'intervalle des experiences (1000 Degree-Sign K), ainsi que (en utilisant la capacite thermique des siliciures, du fer et du silicium) pour 298, 1188 et 1798 Degree-Sign K. La chaleur de formation des siliciures mentionnes, a 298{sup K}, est de -19,4, -17,6 et -22,4 kcal/mol respectivement. Les valeurs deja publiees permettent de calculer la chaleur de formation de FeSi{sub 2,33} (leboiete - {alpha}) a 298{sup K}; onaconstatequ'elleetaitde -14,4kcal/mol. Les chaleurs calculees par les auteurs sont superieures aux valeurs experimentales de Corber et Olsen de 1,5 a 3 kcal. Quant aux chaleurs de melange, qui ont ete calculees pour les alliages liquides, elles concordent parfaitement avec les valeurs publiees. Les valeurs obtenues peuvent etre considerees comme resultant de la modification que subit le caractere du lien dans les siliciures, en effet, le lien metallique devient covalent lorsque la teneur en silicium augmente. En partant des valeurs relatives aux alliages (solutions de silicium dans du fer alpha) on a calcule les activites du fer. Il a ete constate que la transformation observee anterieurement {alpha} Rightwards-Harpoon-Over-Leftwards-Harpoon {alpha}' est une veritable transformation de phase. La region a deux phases est plus large que ne semble l'indiquer le diagramme d'equilibre (etabli d'apres les valeurs publiees). L'activite du fer en solution liquide calculee a partir de celle du fer en solution solide est en bon accord avec les valeurs trouvees par Chipman. (author) [Spanish] El diagrama de equilibrio Fe-Si es muy complejo. A 1000 Degree-Sign K se observa la presencia de las fases siguientes: FeSi{sub 2}({beta}), FeSi y soluciones solidas de silicio en hierro {alpha} and {alpha}'. Los autores midieron las fuerzas electromotrices de las celdas electroquimicas: Fe|Fe{sup 2+} , KI + Nal|Fe-Si at 600-800 Degree-Sign C fundidos Las aleaciones se prepararon a partir de componentes puros por pulvimetalurgia y se sometieron a un recocido prolongado. Los autores estudiaron diez aleaciones con un contenido de silicio comprendido entre 85% y 4%, situadas en todas las fases del diagrama de equilibrio a 1000 Degree-Sign K. Calcularon los valores integrales de {Delta}G, {Delta}H y {Delta}S correspondientes a la formacion de los siliciuros FeSi{sub 2}({beta}), FeSi y Fe{sub 3}Si a la temperatura media del intervalo experimental (1000 Degree-Sign K), asi como (utilizando el calor especifico de los siliciuros de hierro y del silicio) a 298, 1188 y 1798 Degree-Sign K. Los calores de formacion de los mencionados siliciuros a 298 Degree-Sign K ascienden a -19,4, -17,6 y -22,4 kcal/mol, respectivamente. Los datos publicados permiten calcular el calor de formacion del FeSi{sub 2,33} - ({alpha}-leboita) a 298 Degree-Sign K, que es igual a -14,4 kcal/mol. Los calores calculados por los autores son superiores a los datos experimentales de Corber y de Olsen en 1,5 - 3 kcal. Por otra parte, los calores de mezcla, calculados para las aleaciones liquidas, concuerdan satisfactoriamente con los datos publicados. Los datos obtenidos pueden explicarse como un resultado de la modificacion que sufre el caracter del enlace en los siliciuros; en efecto, el enlace metalico se transforma en covalente al aumentar el contenido de silicio. A partir de los datos correspondientes a las aleaciones (soluciones de silicio en hierro a) se calculo la actividad del hierro. Se hallo que la transicion {alpha} Rightwards-Harpoon-Over-Leftwards-Harpoon {alpha}' observada anteriormente constituye una verdadera transformacion de fases. La region bifasica es mas ancha que la indicada en el diagrama de equilibrio (basado en los datos publicados). La actividad del hierro en soluciones liquidas, calculada a partir de la actividad del hierro en solucion solida concuerda satisfactoriamente con los datos obtenidos por Chipman. (author) [Russian] Fazovaja dia- gramma Fe-Si slozhna. Pri 1000 Degree-Sign K imejutsja fazy FeSi{sub 2} ({beta}),FeSi i tverdye rastvory kremnija v zheleze {alpha} and {alpha}'. Izmerjalis' JeDS jelektrohimicheskih jacheek: Fe|Fe{sup 2+} , KI + Nal|Fe-Si pr 600-800 Degree-Sign C Splavy gotovili iz osobo chistyh komponentov metodov poroshkovoj metallurgii i dlitel'- no otzhigali. Izucheny desjat' splavov s soderzhaniem kremnija ot 85 do 4%, lezhashhih vo vseh fazovyh poljah razreza diagrammy pri 1000 Degree-Sign K. Vychisleny integral'nye termodinamicheskie velichiny {Delta}G, {Delta}H i {Delta}S dlja obrazovanija silicidov FeSi{sub 2}({beta}), FeSi i Fe{sub 3}Si pri srednej tempera- ture opytnogo intervala (1000 Degree-Sign K), a takzhe (s ispol'zovaniem teploemkostej silicidov, zhe- leza i kremnija) pri 298 Degree-Sign , 1188 Degree-Sign i 1798 Degree-Sign K. Teploty obrazovanija ukazannyh silicidov pri 298 Degree-Sign K (kkal/mol') ravny - 19,4, - 17,6 i - 22,4 sootvetstvenno. Imejushhiesja v literatu- re dannye pozvoljajut vychislit' teplotu obrazovanija FeSi{sub 2,33} ({alpha}-leboita) pri 298 Degree-Sign K, ravnuju - 14,4 kkal/mol'. Vychislennye nami teploty bol'she jeksperimental'nyh velichin Korbera i Ol'sena na 1,5 - Zkkal. Rasschitannye nami teploty smeshenija dlja zhidkih splavov horo- sho soglasujutsja s literaturnymi dannymi. Poluchennye dannye mogut byt' istolkovany kak sledstvie izmenenija haraktera svja- zi v silicidah ot metallicheskogo k kovalentnomu pri uvelichenii soderzhanija kremnija. Iz dannyh dlja splavov - rastvorov kremnija v {alpha} - zheleze byli rasschitany aktivnosti zheleza. Najdeno, chto otmechennoe ranee prevrashhenie {alpha} Rightwards-Harpoon-Over-Leftwards-Harpoon {alpha}' javljaetsja nastojashhim fazovym prevrashheni- em. Dvuhfazovaja oblast' shire, chem ukazyvaetsja na fazovoj diagramme (po literaturnym dannym). Pereschet aktivnostej zheleza v tverdom rastvore k zhidkim rastvoram pokazyvaet horoshee soglasie s dannymi Chipmena. (author)

  8. Electrical and photoelectric properties of PbGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4} single crystals; Ehlektricheskie i fotoehlektricheskie svojstva monokristalla PbGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tagiev, B G; Tagiev, O B; Dzhabbarov, R B; Musaeva, N N [AN Azerbajdzhana, Inst. Fiziki, Baku (Azerbaijan)

    1999-01-01

    Thermal dependence of dark current spectral distribution of photocurrent and temperature quenching of photocurrent of PbGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4} single crystals are investigated. Concentrations and mobilities of free charge carriers, concentrations and activation energies of gaps, values of Fermi level and forbidden zone width are calculated.

  9. Skutki rozwodu rodziców - z perspektywy dorosłego życia

    OpenAIRE

    Brągiel, Józefa

    1999-01-01

    The study involved 100 adults, who experienced parental divorce at some point in their childhood. They evaluated the effects of the divorce from the perspective of their adult life. All of them claimed that because of the divorce they experienced feelings of unhappiness, hopelessness, loneliness and fear. They felt that even in their adult life parental divorce continued to dis their self-image (78%), marriage (62%), sexual relationship (62%), friendships (48%), alcohol consumptio...

  10. Mobilitätsbiografie und Netzwerkgeografie. Kontaktmobilität in ego-zentrierten Netzwerken

    OpenAIRE

    Ohnmacht, Timo

    2009-01-01

    Vor dem Hintergrund der erkennbaren zunehmenden Mobilisierung sozialer Akteure – sowohl im kurzfristigen Alltag als auch bei längerfristigen Standortentscheidungen – stieg in jüngster Vergangenheit das Interesse der Sozialwissenschaften an der räumlichen Mobilität sozialer Akteure und den daraus resultierenden Auswirkungen auf die sozialen Prozesse der Vergemeinschaftung. Auf diesem Forschungsgebiet aufbauend steht in dieser Arbeit die Wechselwirkung von Raum, Mobilität und soz...

  11. Lying and executive control: an experimental investigation using ego depletion and goal neglect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Debey, E.; Verschuere, B.; Crombez, G.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated whether lying requires executive control using a reaction-time based lie test. We hypothesized that (1) goal neglect induced by a long response-stimulus interval (RSI; 5-8 s) would make lying harder relative to a short RSI (.2 s) that promoted attentional focus, and (2)

  12. [Cognitive ego-disturbances in the elderly who have become victims of organized violence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreuder, B J

    1999-08-01

    It is not easy to diagnose the sequelae of organized violence as they might become manifest at older age. The concept of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) gives to little to hang on. A more specific diagnosis such as the DESNOS (Disorders of Extreme Stress Not Otherwise Specified) which was proposed for (but not included in) the DSM IV is lacking. In the ICD-10 we find the diagnosis "Durable personality changes after catastrofic experiences" based on five global criteria which are not validated yet. From a clinical point of view there is a need for a testable and operational concept of the enduring posttraumatic personality changes. The concept of the posttraumatic self disorder is chosen here. It consists of disorders of the physical self, the object relational self and the historical self. In this article the historical self is described in more detail. Different empirical findings are discussed to illustrate that experience of one's own life history might be disturbed after having been submitted to organized violence. This can lead to serious complaints and functional psychological interferences. Self disorders are part of these late and durable posttraumatic phenomenology.

  13. Opredelenije obščego zemnogo ellipsoida pri uslovii V.V.Brovara

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Burša, Milan; Vatrt, V.; Kouba, J.; Šíma, Zdislav; Jurkina, M. I.

    č. 11 (2002), s. 6-9 ISSN 0016-7126 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1003909 Keywords : Earth's ellipsoid * determination * semimajor axis Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics

  14. Psychological, Relational, and Biological Correlates of Ego-Dystonic Masturbation in a Clinical Setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Castellini, PhD, MD

    2016-09-01

    Conclusion: Clinicians should consider that some subjects seeking treatment in a sexual medicine setting might report compulsive sexual behaviors. EM represents a clinically relevant cause of disability, given the high level of psychological distress reported by subjects with this condition, and the severe impact on quality of life in interpersonal relationships.

  15. Rethinking spontaneous giving: Extreme time pressure and ego-depletion favor self-regarding reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capraro, Valerio; Cococcioni, Giorgia

    2016-06-02

    Previous experimental studies suggest that cooperation in one-shot anonymous interactions is, on average, spontaneous, rather than calculative. To explain this finding, it has been proposed that people internalize cooperative heuristics in their everyday life and bring them as intuitive strategies in new and atypical situations. Yet, these studies have important limitations, as they promote intuitive responses using weak time pressure or conceptual priming of intuition. Since these manipulations do not deplete participants' ability to reason completely, it remains unclear whether cooperative heuristics are really automatic or they emerge after a small, but positive, amount of deliberation. Consistent with the latter hypothesis, we report two experiments demonstrating that spontaneous reactions in one-shot anonymous interactions tend to be egoistic. In doing so, our findings shed further light on the cognitive underpinnings of cooperation, as they suggest that cooperation in one-shot interactions is not automatic, but appears only at later stages of reasoning.

  16. Ego Depletion in Real-Time: An Examination of the Sequential-Task Paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arber, Madeleine M; Ireland, Michael J; Feger, Roy; Marrington, Jessica; Tehan, Joshua; Tehan, Gerald

    2017-01-01

    Current research into self-control that is based on the sequential task methodology is currently at an impasse. The sequential task methodology involves completing a task that is designed to tax self-control resources which in turn has carry-over effects on a second, unrelated task. The current impasse is in large part due to the lack of empirical research that tests explicit assumptions regarding the initial task. Five studies test one key, untested assumption underpinning strength (finite resource) models of self-regulation: Performance will decline over time on a task that depletes self-regulatory resources. In the aftermath of high profile replication failures using a popular letter-crossing task and subsequent criticisms of that task, the current studies examined whether depletion effects would occur in real time using letter-crossing tasks that did not invoke habit-forming and breaking, and whether these effects were moderated by administration type (paper and pencil vs. computer administration). Sample makeup and sizes as well as response formats were also varied across the studies. The five studies yielded a clear and consistent pattern of increasing performance deficits (errors) as a function of time spent on task with generally large effects and in the fifth study the strength of negative transfer effects to a working memory task were related to individual differences in depletion. These results demonstrate that some form of depletion is occurring on letter-crossing tasks though whether an internal regulatory resource reservoir or some other factor is changing across time remains an important question for future research.

  17. Ego Depletion in Real-Time: An Examination of the Sequential-Task Paradigm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madeleine M. Arber

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Current research into self-control that is based on the sequential task methodology is currently at an impasse. The sequential task methodology involves completing a task that is designed to tax self-control resources which in turn has carry-over effects on a second, unrelated task. The current impasse is in large part due to the lack of empirical research that tests explicit assumptions regarding the initial task. Five studies test one key, untested assumption underpinning strength (finite resource models of self-regulation: Performance will decline over time on a task that depletes self-regulatory resources. In the aftermath of high profile replication failures using a popular letter-crossing task and subsequent criticisms of that task, the current studies examined whether depletion effects would occur in real time using letter-crossing tasks that did not invoke habit-forming and breaking, and whether these effects were moderated by administration type (paper and pencil vs. computer administration. Sample makeup and sizes as well as response formats were also varied across the studies. The five studies yielded a clear and consistent pattern of increasing performance deficits (errors as a function of time spent on task with generally large effects and in the fifth study the strength of negative transfer effects to a working memory task were related to individual differences in depletion. These results demonstrate that some form of depletion is occurring on letter-crossing tasks though whether an internal regulatory resource reservoir or some other factor is changing across time remains an important question for future research.

  18. THE INTERPLAY OF SOME EGO FUNCTIONS IN SIX YEAR OLD CHILDREN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LOVINGER, SOPHIE L.

    IN A PROGRAM DESIGNED TO INVESTIGATE THE RELATIONSHIPS AMONG SELF-CONCEPT, SENSE-OF-COMPETENCE, READING ACHIEVEMENT, AND DEPENDENCE IN KINDERGARTEN AND FIRST GRADE CHILDREN, 110 MIDDLE CLASS, WHITE KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN FROM THE NEW YORK CITY AREA WERE TESTED AND RATED DURING THEIR KINDERGARTEN AND FIRST GRADE YEARS. THE TESTS AND RATING SCALES…

  19. Bulevskij faktornyj analiz na osnove attraktornoj nejronnoj seti i nekotoryje ego priloženija

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Frolov, A. A.; Húsek, Dušan; Polyakov, P.Y.

    -, č. 1 (2011), s. 25-46 ISSN 1999-8554 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP202/10/0262; GA ČR GA205/09/1079 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : Boolean factor analysis * recurrent neural network * Hopfield-like neural network * associative memory * unsupervised learning Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science http://www.radiotec.ru/catalog.php?cat=jr7&art=8576

  20. Can't get over me : Ego depletion attenuates prosocial effects of perspective taking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fennis, Bob M.

    Many studies attest to the beneficial and prosocial effects of perspective taking. The present research tests the notion that such perspective taking is a process involving active self-regulation and, hence, that effects of perspective taking on prosocial behaviour are more pronounced when

  1. The Relationship of Ego-Involvement to Message Perception and Retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambler, Robert Steven

    Prior attitudes and personal involvement with the subject of a message do not necessarily affect a listener's recollection of the speech or his assessment of the speaker's position. This is the conclusion of a study in which subjects listened to messages presenting positions for, against, and neutral on the topic of legalizing the use of…

  2. Impact of a Brief Ego Depletion Procedure on Creative Behaviour in the Upper Primary Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Deborah Ann; Yates, Gregory C. R.

    2015-01-01

    In the course of normal classroom lessons, 103 students (median 11.10 years) were asked to spend 15 min writing "anything you can think of" about the number 50 on a blank page. The products were independently scored by 2 specialist art teachers and 2 specialist mathematics teachers on criteria relevant to their specialisations.…

  3. WYBRANE PROBLEMY STEROWANIA POKŁADOWYMI SYSTEMAMI PRĄDU STAŁEGO I PRZEMIENNEGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gębura Andrzej

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Artykuł ujmuje kompleksowo problem współpracy pokładowych źródeł energii elektrycznej statku powietrznego z elektryczną siecią pokładową. Szczególną uwagę autorzy przywiązali do uwarunkowań związanych z poprawnym załączaniem pokładowych źródeł energii elektrycznej. Omówiono strukturalne zabezpieczenia źródeł energii elektrycznej przed szkodliwym oddziaływaniem odbiorników, jak i niepoprawnie działających źródeł na odbiorniki oraz niektóre sposoby przeciwdziałania tym zjawiskom. Poznanie tych relacji umożliwi podjęcie przez użytkownika działań, które mogą wpłynąć na zmniejszanie awaryjności pokładowej sieci elektroenergetycznej i zapewnienie zasilania odbiorników energii elektrycznej we wszystkich warunkach lotu. Od poprawności ich działania zależy poprawność funkcjonowania pokładowej sieci elektroenergetycznej. Autorzy starali się ujmować wszystkie problemy w sposób możliwie uniwersalny, aby rozważania tu zawarte mogły służyć pomocą podczas analizy defektów na różnych statkach powietrznych.

  4. Beyond Simulation As Substitution: From Mixed Reality To Ego-Shots

    OpenAIRE

    Alberich Pascual, Jordi; San Cornelio Esquerdo, Gemma

    2012-01-01

    The dominant formulation of simulation theories in the 1980s and 1990s (Baudrillard, Lévy et al.) suggested a theoretical and technological paradigm based on the impersonation (when not substitution) of the real by the virtual. The present article explores the recent emergence of an integrated, mixed or altered conception of virtualisation in regards to the real, but no longer a substitutive one: a conception that is related to a significant set of digital technologies and current audiovisual...

  5. Moral Development, Ego Autonomy and Questions of Practicality in the Critical Theory of Schooling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, R. E.

    1988-01-01

    This article summarizes Habermas' critical theory of education, examines relevant features of the development of children's capacity to enter into rational argumentation, and examines the significance of this development for a critical theory of schooling. (IAH)

  6. Rethinking spontaneous giving: Extreme time pressure and ego-depletion favor self-regarding reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capraro, Valerio; Cococcioni, Giorgia

    2016-01-01

    Previous experimental studies suggest that cooperation in one-shot anonymous interactions is, on average, spontaneous, rather than calculative. To explain this finding, it has been proposed that people internalize cooperative heuristics in their everyday life and bring them as intuitive strategies in new and atypical situations. Yet, these studies have important limitations, as they promote intuitive responses using weak time pressure or conceptual priming of intuition. Since these manipulations do not deplete participants’ ability to reason completely, it remains unclear whether cooperative heuristics are really automatic or they emerge after a small, but positive, amount of deliberation. Consistent with the latter hypothesis, we report two experiments demonstrating that spontaneous reactions in one-shot anonymous interactions tend to be egoistic. In doing so, our findings shed further light on the cognitive underpinnings of cooperation, as they suggest that cooperation in one-shot interactions is not automatic, but appears only at later stages of reasoning. PMID:27251762

  7. Enuresis, Firesetting, and Cruelty to Animals: Does the Ego Triad Show Predictive Validity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavkin, Michael Lawrence

    2001-01-01

    The hypothesis tested in this study was that the presence of enuresis and cruelty to animals in juvenile firesetters would be significantly related to recidivistic firesetting. No relationship was found between firesetting recidivism and enuresis. However, juveniles who were identified as being cruel to animals were more likely to engage in…

  8. Female income, the ego effect and the divorce decision: evidence from micro data.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kesselring, R.G.; Bremmer, D.

    2004-01-01

    During the 1960’s and 1970’s divorce rates in the United States rose dramatically. It soon became apparent that this phenomenon was not restricted to the geographic boundaries of the United States but affected most developed countries to varying degrees. This surprising social change led to rapid

  9. Ego depletion and self-regulation failure: a resource model of self-control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumeister, Roy F

    2003-02-01

    Effective self-regulation is an important key to successful functioning in many spheres, and failed self-regulation may be centrally conducive to substance abuse and addiction. The program of research summarized here indicates that self-regulation operates as a limited resource, akin to strength or energy, especially insofar as it becomes depleted after use-leaving the depleted self subsequently vulnerable to impulsive and undercontrolled behaviors (including increased consumption of alcohol). The self's resources, which are also used for decision-making and active responding, can be replenished by rest and positive emotions.

  10. Reflexiones sobre el egoísmo psicológico (Ensayo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Trejo Vega

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper will present some criticisms of the theory of psychological egoism, which states that all the motives that cause us to act ultimately were response to personal interests. The criticism begins by noting that only the motives are not enough to be consider, but the intentions and the responsibility that the agent states to prosecute an act as selfish must also be taken into account. On the other hand, an act that meets one's own interests is not considered sufficient to call it selfish: egoism, while referring to moral condemnation, self-interest does not suffer from this assessment; therefore, it is necessary to distinguish these terms. With intent to oppose this theory, that each of our actions express selfish motives and denies the possibility of an altruistic act, I present the following lines.

  11. Subjective Performance Evaluations, Self-esteem, and Ego-threats in Principal-agent Relations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sebald, Alexander Christopher; Walzl, Markus

    find that agents sanction whenever the feedback of principals is below their subjective self-evaluations even if the agents' payoff is independent of the principals' feedback. Based on our experimental analysis we propose a principal-agent model with subjective performance evaluations that accommodates...

  12. Increased Global Functional Connectivity Correlates with LSD-Induced Ego Dissolution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tagliazucchi, E.; Roseman, Leor; Kaelen, Mendel; Orban, Csaba; Muthukumaraswamy, Suresh D; Murphy, Kevin; Laufs, Helmut; Leech, Robert; McGonigle, John; Crossley, Nicolas; Bullmore, Edward; Williams, Tim; Bolstridge, Mark; Feilding, Amanda; Nutt, David J; Carhart-Harris, Robin

    2016-01-01

    Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is a non-selective serotonin-receptor agonist that was first synthesized in 1938 and identified as (potently) psychoactive in 1943. Psychedelics have been used by indigenous cultures for millennia [1]; however, because of LSD's unique potency and the timing of its

  13. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane recruiter the alter ego of CFTR as a multi-kinase anchor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Anil

    2007-11-01

    This review focuses on a newly discovered interaction between protein kinases involved in cellular energetics, a process that may be disturbed in cystic fibrosis for unknown reasons. I propose a new model where kinase-mediated cellular transmission of energy provides mechanistic insight to a latent role of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). I suggest that CFTR acts as a multi-kinase recruiter to the apical epithelial membrane. My group finds that, in the cytosol, two protein kinases involved in cell energy homeostasis, nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK) and AMP-activated kinase (AMPK), bind one another. Preliminary data suggest that both can also bind CFTR (function unclear). The disrupted role of this CFTR-kinase complex as 'membrane transmitter to the cell' is proposed as an alternative paradigm to the conventional ion transport mediated and CFTR/chloride-centric view of cystic fibrosis pathogenesis. Chloride remains important, but instead, chloride-induced control of the phosphohistidine content of one kinase component (NDPK, via a multi-kinase complex that also includes a third kinase, CK2; formerly casein kinase 2). I suggest that this complex provides the necessary near-equilibrium conditions needed for efficient transmission of phosphate energy to proteins controlling cellular energetics. Crucially, a new role for CFTR as a kinase controller is proposed with ionic concentration acting as a signal. The model posits a regulatory control relay for energy sensing involving a cascade of protein kinases bound to CFTR.

  14. Media w życiu małego dziecka. Badania własne

    OpenAIRE

    Kołodziejczyk, Anna

    2012-01-01

    Over the past decade infants' and toddlers' time spent with media has notably increased. At present, there is limited empirical knowledge regarding how children in different countries use media, how environmental variables influence children's activities. Presented study examined 343 children's aged 0;6 to 6;6 media use. The study provides baseline data about: which media do very young children use, and how much time do they spend using them, how old are children when they first starts using ...

  15. The effect of learning climate on snack consumption and ego depletion among undergraduate students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magaraggia, Christian; Dimmock, James A; Jackson, Ben

    2013-10-01

    We explored the effect of controlled and autonomous learning choices on the consumption of a high-energy snack food, and also examined whether snack consumption during a controlled choice learning activity could 'up-regulate' subsequent performance on a self-regulation task. Participants were randomly assigned to a controlled choice learning condition in which food was provided, a controlled choice learning condition in which food was not provided, or an autonomous choice learning condition in which food was provided. Results indicated that the autonomous choice group consumed significantly less snack food than the controlled-choice-and-food group. Participants in the autonomous choice condition also performed better on the subsequent self-regulation task than the controlled-choice-and-food group, even after controlling for the amount of food consumed. Furthermore, within the controlled-choice-and-food condition, there was no association between food consumption and subsequent self-regulation task performance. Discussion focuses on the potential impact of a controlled learning climate on snack food consumption and on the degradation of self-regulation capacities. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Suur ego raskendab karateässal Marko Luhamaal pere loomist / Andres Kalvik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvik, Andres, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Vt. Postimees : na russkom jazõke 9. mai, lk. 13. Eesti parim karateka Luhamaa teinuks oma sõnul vaid raha lugedes tippspordiga ammu lõpparve. Karate maailmameister on tippu rühkinud tasapisi ja üksinda. Kommenteerib Eesti Karate Föderatsiooni peasekretär Jüri Põld

  17. Inferring Adolescent Social Networks Using Partial Ego-Network Substance Use Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-15

    initiation among West Coast youth from age 5 to 23.” Preventive Medicine 44. Ellickson, Phyllis L. and Robert M. Bell. 1990. “Drug prevention in junior high...21:615–632. Jessor, Richard and Shirley L. Jessor. 1978. “Theory testing in longitudinal research on Marihuana use.” In Longitudinal Research on Drug...Science and Medicine 44:1861–1869. Mollison, Denis, Valerie Isham, and Bryan Grenfell. 1994. “Epidemics: models and data.” Journal of the Royal Statistics

  18. Cognitive suppression of tilt sensations during linear horizontal ego-motion in the dark

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wertheim, A.H.; Mesland, B.S.; Bles, W.

    2001-01-01

    On the basis of models of otolith functioning, one would expect that, during sinusoidal linear self-motion in darkness, percepts of body tilt are experienced. However, this is normally not the case, which suggests that the otoliths are not responsive to small deviations from the vertical of the

  19. From the EEL to the EGO: psychoanalysis and the remnants of Freud's early scientific practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieser, Martin

    2013-01-01

    While numerous historiographical works have been written to shed light on Freud's early theoretical education in biology, physiology, and medicine and on the influence of that education on psychoanalysis, this paper approaches Freud's basic comprehension of science and methodology by focusing on his early research practice in physiology and neuranatomy. This practice, taking place in the specific context of Ernst Brücke's physiological laboratory in Vienna, was deeply concerned with problems of visuality and the revelation of hidden organic structures by use of proper preparation techniques and optical instruments. The paper explores the connection between such visualizing practices, shaped by a physiological context as they were, and Freud's later convictions of the scientific status of psychoanalysis and the function of its method as means to unveil the concealed structure of the "psychical apparatus". © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. On colonial blind spots, ego-politics of knowledge and 'Universal Reason'

    OpenAIRE

    Stamenkovic, Marko

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the notion of death as a philosophical and counter-hegemonic subject ‘erased’ from the imperialist cartography of knowledge. It revolves around three main points: the ‘loss’ of death from the imperialist epistemology of the global North, its subservient position towards the dominance of life in biopolitical discourses, and the instrumentality of death under the ongoing matrix of colonial/capitalist power. The paper challenges the hegemonic rationality of biopolitical disco...

  1. Uninstructed BIAT faking when ego depleted or in normal state: differential effect on brain and behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolff, Wanja; Schindler, Sebastian; Englert, Christoph; Brand, Ralf; Kissler, Johanna

    2016-05-03

    Deception can distort psychological tests on socially sensitive topics. Understanding the cerebral processes that are involved in such faking can be useful in detection and prevention of deception. Previous research shows that faking a brief implicit association test (BIAT) evokes a characteristic ERP response. It is not yet known whether temporarily available self-control resources moderate this response. We randomly assigned 22 participants (15 females, 24.23 ± 2.91 years old) to a counterbalanced repeated-measurements design. Participants first completed a Brief-IAT (BIAT) on doping attitudes as a baseline measure and were then instructed to fake a negative doping attitude both when self-control resources were depleted and non-depleted. Cerebral activity during BIAT performance was assessed using high-density EEG. Compared to the baseline BIAT, event-related potentials showed a first interaction at the parietal P1, while significant post hoc differences were found only at the later occurring late positive potential. Here, significantly decreased amplitudes were recorded for 'normal' faking, but not in the depletion condition. In source space, enhanced activity was found for 'normal' faking in the bilateral temporoparietal junction. Behaviorally, participants were successful in faking the BIAT successfully in both conditions. Results indicate that temporarily available self-control resources do not affect overt faking success on a BIAT. However, differences were found on an electrophysiological level. This indicates that while on a phenotypical level self-control resources play a negligible role in deliberate test faking the underlying cerebral processes are markedly different.

  2. Adapting to an initial self-regulatory task cancels the ego depletion effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dang, Junhua; Dewitte, Siegfried; Mao, Lihua; Xiao, Shanshan; Shi, Yucai

    2013-09-01

    The resource-based model of self-regulation provides a pessimistic view of self-regulation that people are destined to lose their self-control after having engaged in any act of self-regulation because these acts deplete the limited resource that people need for successful self-regulation. The cognitive control theory, however, offers an alternative explanation and suggests that the depletion effect reflects switch costs between different cognitive control processes recruited to deal with demanding tasks. This account implies that the depletion effect will not occur once people have had the opportunity to adapt to the self-regulatory task initially engaged in. Consistent with this idea, the present study showed that engaging in a demanding task led to performance deficits on a subsequent self-regulatory task (i.e. the depletion effect) only when the initial demanding task was relatively short but not when it was long enough for participants to adapt. Our results were unrelated to self-efficacy, mood, and motivation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. The nature of self-regulatory fatigue and “ego depletion”: Lessons from physical fatigue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Daniel R.; Boggero, Ian A.; Segerstrom, Suzanne C.

    2016-01-01

    Self-regulation requires overriding a dominant response, and leads to temporary self-regulatory fatigue. Existing theories of the nature and causes of self-regulatory fatigue highlight physiological substrates such as glucose or psychological processes such as motivation, but these explanations are incomplete on their own. Historically, theories of physical fatigue demonstrate a similar pattern of useful but incomplete explanations, as recent views of physical fatigue emphasize the roles of both physiological and psychological factors. In addition to accounting for multiple inputs, these newer views also explain how fatigue can occur even in the presence of sufficient resources. Examining these newer theories of physical fatigue can serve as a foundation on which to build a more comprehensive understanding of self-regulatory fatigue that integrates possible neurobiological underpinnings of physical and self-regulatory fatigue, and suggests the possible function of self-regulatory fatigue. PMID:26228914

  4. The Nature of Self-Regulatory Fatigue and "Ego Depletion": Lessons From Physical Fatigue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Daniel R; Boggero, Ian A; Segerstrom, Suzanne C

    2015-07-30

    Self-regulation requires overriding a dominant response and leads to temporary self-regulatory fatigue. Existing theories of the nature and causes of self-regulatory fatigue highlight physiological substrates such as glucose, or psychological processes such as motivation, but these explanations are incomplete on their own. Historically, theories of physical fatigue demonstrate a similar pattern of useful but incomplete explanations, as recent views of physical fatigue emphasize the roles of both physiological and psychological factors. In addition to accounting for multiple inputs, these newer views also explain how fatigue can occur even in the presence of sufficient resources. Examining these newer theories of physical fatigue can serve as a foundation on which to build a more comprehensive understanding of self-regulatory fatigue that integrates possible neurobiological underpinnings of physical and self-regulatory fatigue, and suggests the possible function of self-regulatory fatigue. © 2015 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

  5. Sosiale klimaat en die ontstaan van ego en taakoriëntering in sport ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... way that the data itself could construct its own meaning. Results were illustrated by means of quotations how the goal orientation of the sports participant is shaped by the social climate. A model was constructed and serves as a graphic representation of the interaction between goal orientation and interpersonal relations.

  6. Sweetened blood sweetens behavior. Ego depletion, glucose, guilt, and prosocial behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Hanyi; Bègue, Laurent; Sauve, Laure; Bushman, Brad J

    2014-10-01

    Although guilt feels bad to the individual, it is good for society because guilty feelings can prompt people to perform good deeds. Previous research shows that fatigue decreases guilty feelings and helpful behavior. This present research tests whether glucose restores guilty feelings and increases helpful behavior. Depleted participants watched a movie about butchering animals for their meat or skin and were told to express no emotions, whereas non-depleted participants watched the same movie, but could express their emotions. Afterwards they drank a glucose or placebo beverage. Having participants play a game in which another person was punished for their errors induced guilt. Finally, participants played a dictator game in which they could leave lottery tickets for the next participant. Depleted participants felt less guilty and helped less than non-depleted participants, and those who consumed a placebo beverage felt less guilt and helped less than those who consumed a glucose beverage. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. EgoSENSE: A Framework for Context-Aware Mobile Applications Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. M. Milic

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a context-aware mobile framework (or middleware, intended to support the implementation of context-aware mobile services. The overview of basic concepts, architecture and components of context-aware mobile framework is given. The mobile framework provide acquisition and management of context, where raw data sensed from physical (hardware sensors and virtual (software sensors are combined, processed and analyzed to provide high-level context and situation of the user to the mobile context-aware applications in near real-time. Using demo mobile health application, its most important components and functions, such as these supposed to detect urgent or alarming health conditions of a mobile user and to initiate appropriate actions demonstrated.

  8. The Emotional Information Processing System is Risk Averse: Ego-Depletion and Investment Behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. de Langhe (Bart); S.T.L.R. Sweldens (Steven); S.M.J. van Osselaer (Stijn); M.A. Tuk (Mirjam)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractTwo experiments show that a shortage of self-regulatory resources results in more risk aversion in mixed-gamble (gain/loss) situations. The findings support a dual process view that distinguishes between a rational and an affective information processing system, in which self-regulatory

  9. High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Critical Experiment and its Application to Thorium Absorption Rates; Experience Critique pour l'Etude d'un Reacteur a Haute Temperature, Refroidi par un Gaz et son Application a la Determination des Taux d'Absorption du Thorium; Kriticheskij opyt, postavlennyj na vysokotemperaturnom reaktore s gazovym okhlazhdeniem, i primenenie ego dlya opredeleniya stepeni pogloshcheniya toriya; Experimento Critico Efectuado en un Reactor de Elevada Temperatura Refrigerado por Gas y su Aplicacion para Calcular los Indices de Absorcion del Torio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bardes, R. G.; Brown, J. R.; Drake, M. K.; Fischer, P. U.; Pound, D. C.; Sampson, J. B.; Stewart, H. B. [General Dynamics Corporation,San Diego, CA (United States)

    1964-04-15

    significativo debido a que en las obras publicadas subsiste cierta divergencia en los resultados obtenidos con ambas tecnicas. (author) [Russian] Pri razrabotke idei reaktora HTGR i ego pervogo prototipa v Pich- Bottome prishli k resheniju o neobhodimosti obespechit' sootvetstvujushhie ishodnye dannye dlja provedenija jadernogo analiza. Konkretnye potrebnosti teorii jadernogo proektirovanija na ishodnyh dannyh otnositel'no pogloshhenija torija priveli k sozdaniju jeksperimental'nogo proekta, sostojashhego iz kriticheskoj sborki tipa sborki s central'noj reshetkoj s okruzhajushhim ammortizatorom i peredvizhnymi aktivnymi zonami. Sborka takogo tipa, v kotoroj v sravnitel'no nebol'shoj central'noj reshetke s zhelaemoj geometriej mozhet byt' ustanovlen predstavljajushhij interes spektr, javljaetsja poleznoj ustanovkoj dlja poluchenija raznoobraznyh ishodnyh dannyh v celjah provedenija jadernogo analiza novyh idej. Obsuzhdajutsja konkretnye preimushhestva jetogo metoda po sravneniju so stroitel'stvom sborki-modeli, a takzhe rol' teorii v opredelenii, kakie opyty javljajutsja naibolee poleznymi i kak jeti opyty zatem ispol'zujutsja pri proverke metodov proektirovanija. - Byli razrabotany dva sravnitel'no novyh metoda dlja ispol'zovanija v sborke reshetok - metod izmerenija kolebanij reaktivnosti dlja opredelenija kojefficienta Dopplera dlja torija i metod aktivacii dlja opredelenija kak rezonansnogo integrala torija, dispergirovannogo v grafite, tak i ego zavisimosti ot temperatury (kojefficient aktivacii Dopplera). Pri izmerenii kojefficienta Dopplera putem opredelenija kolebanij reaktivnosti ves' central'nyj toplivnyj jelement ispol'zovalsja takim obrazom, chto byla vozmozhnost' osushhestvit' nagrev toplivnogo jelementa do 800 Registered-Sign F i tochno opredelit' opytnym putem teplovye jeffekty, t.e. te jeffekty, kotorye ne okazyvajut vlijanija na velichinu rezonansvogo zahvata torija. Sravnenie rezul'tatov s teoriej dlja rjada uslovij svidetel'stvuet o prekrasnom soglasovanii

  10. Nuclear Materials Management and its Relationship to Nuclear Safety and Criticality Control; La Gestion des Matieres Nucleaires et ses Rapports avec la Securite Nucleaire et le Controle de la Criticite; Obrashchenie s yadernymi materialami i ego svyaz' s yadernoj bezopasnost'yu i kontrolem nad kritichnost'yu; La Administracion de Materiales Nucleares y sus Relaciones con la Seguridad Nuclear y el Control de la Criticidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tingey, F. H. [Phillips Petroleum Company, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1966-02-15

    razlichnyh vida problem, a imenno: a) problemy nauchnogo ili tehnicheskogo haraktera, svjazannye s opredeleniem stepeni opasnosti, voznikajushhej v rezul'tate sosredotochenija v opredelennoj geometrii i okruzhenii namechaemyh kolichestv rasshhepljajushhihsja materialov; b) tehnologicheskie problemy, vytekajushhie iz diktuemyh nauchnymi i tehnicheskimi soobrazhenijami ogranichenij; v) chisto administrativjaye problemy, voznikajushhie pri osushhestvlenii ogranichenij i trebovanij, nalagaemyh po tehnicheskim i tehnologicheskim soobrazhenijam. Dlja okazanija sodejstvija rukovoditelju v celjah uspeshnogo vypolnenija im jetih funkcij nekotorye organizacii sozdajut opredelennye gruppy ili komitety, specializirovannye v opredelennyh oblastjah. Obychno tehnicheskie problemy predstavljajutsja na rassmotrenie specialistov po kritichnosti, ob{sup e}dinjaemyh v tak nazyvaemye Komitety po jadernoj bezopasnosti, kotorye horosho oznakomleny s jeksperimental'nymi dannymi kriticheskih sistem i v sostojanii raschetnym putem primenit' svoj opyt k dannoj konkretnoj probleme. Pomoshh' v tehnicheskih voprosah predostavljaetsja tehnicheskim personalom predprijatija, oznakomlennym s trebovanijami, diktuemymi tehnicheskimi soobrazhenijami, i horosho osvedomlennym otnositel'no jekspluatacionnyh ogranichenij. Administrativnye problemy razreshajutsja putem nalagaemyh rukovoditelem procedurnyh ogranichenij. Upravlenie po administrativno-hozjajstvennomu uchetu jadernyh materialov mozhet okazyvat' rukovoditelju dal'nejshuju podderzhku v ego rabote v jetoj oblasti. Prezhde vsego i glavnym obrazom na jetom Upravlenii lezhit objazannost' svoevremenno preduprezhdat' rukovodjashhie organy o vozmozhnosti sozdanija opasnyh polozhenij, kotorye mogut vyjasnit'sja libo na osnovanii svedenij, postupajushhih v rezul'tate povsednevnoj obrabotki dannyh otchetnosti, libo na osnovanii material'nyh raschetnyh balansov. Ljubye zaprashivaemye ot Upravlenija po administrativno-hozjajstvennomu uchetu jadernyh materialov

  11. Investigations of the chemical states of carrier-free phosphorus-32 as extracted into water from pile-irradiated sulphur; Recherches sur les etats chimiques du phosphore-32 sans entraineur obtenu par extraction aqueuse a partir de soufre irradie dans un reacteur; Issledovanie khimicheskogo sostoyaniya svobodnogo ot nositelya fosfora-32 pri izvlechenii ego v vodu iz obluchennoj v yadernom reaktore sery; Estudio de los estados quimicos del fosforo-32 libre de portador que se obtiene por extraccion acuosa del azufre irradiado en un reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahl, J B; Birkelund, O R [Institutt for Atomenergi, Kjeller, Lillestrom (Norway)

    1962-01-15

    {>=} 5). Aucun metaphosphate (cyclique) n'a ete decele dans la solution lors de la production et du stockage. Les resultats indiquent que les composes de polyphosphore ont ete formes dans le materiau de cible au cours de l'irradiation. On a etudie plus particulierement l'adsorption des composes du phosphore-32 sans entraineur par le verre dans les conditions de l'experience. (author) [Spanish] Uno de los metodos que se emplean para obtener fosforo-32 libre de portador consiste en irradiar azufre en un reactor y extraer con agua el fosforo formado. La presente memoria informa sobre los estados quimicos del fosforo-32 en soluciones acuosas durante las diversas fases del proceso normal de obtencion. Los autores han estudiado tambien las modificaciones que el estado quimico de los compuestos de fosforo-32 experimenta en el producto final, en funcion del tiempo de almacenamiento. Han encontrado que el fosforo-32 aparece principalmente en forma de orto-fosfato. La proporcion de ortofosfato aumenta durante el tratamiento quimico; al comenzar la extraccion, es del orden del 70 por ciento, en tanto que alrededor del 98 por ciento del fosforo-32 libre de portador obtenido como producto final se encuentra bajo forma de ortofosfato. Los componentes restantes de la mezcla consisten en piro-, tri-, tetra- y polifosfatos de cadena larga (con un numero de atomos de fosforo {>=} 5). Durante la elaboracion y almacenamiento los autores no han encontrado metafosfatos (ciclicos) en ninguna de las soluciones. Los resultados obtenidos indican que los compuestos polifosforicos se formaron en el material del blanco durante la irradiacion. Los autores han prestado especial atencion al estudio de la adsorcion de compuestos de fosforo-32 libre de portador por el material de vidrio en las condiciones experimentales. (author) [Russian] Odnim iz sovremennykh metodov polucheniya svobodnogo ot nositelya fosfora-32 yavlyaetsya izvlechenie ego v vodu iz obluchennoj v yader- nom reaktore sery. V

  12. An Examination of the Relationships between Ego Development, Dabrowski's Theory of Positive Disintegration, and the Behavioral Characteristics of Gifted Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Carrie Lynn

    2011-01-01

    Literature exploring the experiences of gifted individuals has often focused on asynchronous development, particularly during childhood and adolescence. Also discussed in the literature are the unique social, emotional, and behavioral characteristics associated with giftedness. However, there is still an unclear picture concerning the implications…

  13. Tlhalošontši ya mongwalo: Go ngwala seo se sa tšweletšego ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bontši bja baithuti ba maleme a Bathobaso ga bo tšee mongwalo go ba ye nngwe ya dithutwana tše bohlokwa tša maleme. Ka fao barutwana le batho ba bangwe ba go kgona go bala le go ngwala ga ba sa na le taba le thutwana ye ya mongwalo. Seo se dira gore go be le mabošaedi a mmalwa go akaretšwa a mopeleto, ...

  14. Construct Validity of the Offer Self-Image Questionnaire and Its Relationship with Self-Esteem, Depression, and Ego Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindfors, Kaj; Elovainio, Marko; Sinkkonen, Jari; Aalberg, Veikko; Vuorinen, Risto

    2005-01-01

    Construct validity of the Offer Self-Image Questionnaire (OSIQ) was studied in a sample of 194 normal Finnish adolescents from 14 to 16 years of age. Confirmatory factor analysis provided support for the hierarchical structure of adolescents' self-image with 5 lower-order factors loading on a single higher-order factor. Lower-order factors were…

  15. Perceived influence and college students' diet and physical activity behaviors: an examination of ego-centric social networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmon, Brook E; Forthofer, Melinda; Bantum, Erin O; Nigg, Claudio R

    2016-06-06

    Obesity is partially a social phenomenon, with college students particularly vulnerable to changes in social networks and obesity-related behaviors. Currently, little is known about the structure of social networks among college students and their potential influence on diet and physical activity behaviors. The purpose of the study was to examine social influences impacting college students' diet and physical activity behaviors, including sources of influence, comparisons between sources' and students' behaviors, and associations with meeting diet and physical activity recommendations. Data was collected from 40 students attending college in Hawaii. Participants completed diet and physical activity questionnaires and a name generator. Participants rated nominees' influence on their diet and physical activity behaviors as well as compared nominees' behaviors to their own. Descriptive statistics were used to look at perceptions of influence across network groups. Logistic regression models were used to examine associations between network variables and odds of meeting recommendations. A total of 325 nominations were made and included: family (n = 116), college friends (n = 104), high school friends (n = 87), and significant others (n = 18). Nearly half of participants were not from Hawaii. Significant others of non-Hawaii students were perceived to be the most influential (M(SD) = 9(1.07)) and high school friends the least influential (M(SD) = 1.31(.42)) network. Overall, perceived influence was highest for diet compared to physical activity, but varied based on comparisons with nominees' behaviors. Significant others were most often perceived has having similar (44 %) or worse (39 %) eating behaviors than participants, and those with similar eating behaviors were perceived as most influential (M(SD) = 9.25(1.04)). Few associations were seen between network variables and odds of meeting recommendations. Among the groups nominated, high school friends were perceived as least influential, especially among students who moved a long distance for college. Intervention strategies addressing perceived norms and using peer leaders may help promote physical activity among college students, while diet interventions may need to involve significant others in order to be successful. Testing of these types of intervention strategies and continued examination of social networks and their influences on diet and physical activity behaviors are needed.

  16. Perceived influence and college students’ diet and physical activity behaviors: an examination of ego-centric social networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brook E. Harmon

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Obesity is partially a social phenomenon, with college students particularly vulnerable to changes in social networks and obesity-related behaviors. Currently, little is known about the structure of social networks among college students and their potential influence on diet and physical activity behaviors. The purpose of the study was to examine social influences impacting college students’ diet and physical activity behaviors, including sources of influence, comparisons between sources’ and students’ behaviors, and associations with meeting diet and physical activity recommendations. Methods Data was collected from 40 students attending college in Hawaii. Participants completed diet and physical activity questionnaires and a name generator. Participants rated nominees’ influence on their diet and physical activity behaviors as well as compared nominees' behaviors to their own. Descriptive statistics were used to look at perceptions of influence across network groups. Logistic regression models were used to examine associations between network variables and odds of meeting recommendations. Results A total of 325 nominations were made and included: family (n = 116, college friends (n = 104, high school friends (n = 87, and significant others (n = 18. Nearly half of participants were not from Hawaii. Significant others of non-Hawaii students were perceived to be the most influential (M(SD = 9(1.07 and high school friends the least influential (M(SD = 1.31(.42 network. Overall, perceived influence was highest for diet compared to physical activity, but varied based on comparisons with nominees’ behaviors. Significant others were most often perceived has having similar (44 % or worse (39 % eating behaviors than participants, and those with similar eating behaviors were perceived as most influential (M(SD = 9.25(1.04. Few associations were seen between network variables and odds of meeting recommendations. Conclusions Among the groups nominated, high school friends were perceived as least influential, especially among students who moved a long distance for college. Intervention strategies addressing perceived norms and using peer leaders may help promote physical activity among college students, while diet interventions may need to involve significant others in order to be successful. Testing of these types of intervention strategies and continued examination of social networks and their influences on diet and physical activity behaviors are needed.

  17. Ego misera et peccatrix…”: El Liber mozarabicus canticorum et horarum (Salamanca, ms. 2668

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuelle Klinka

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El Liber canticorum et horarum, compuesto para la reina doña Sancha de León y conservado en la Biblioteca General Universitaria de Salamanca (ms. 2668, es un códice de gran interés para estudiar los cambios político-religiosos y culturales que tuvieron lugar a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XI en el Reino de León. De hecho, sus folios revelan tanto la evolución artística del momento, como la lucha ideológica entre los partidarios del antiguo rito mozárabe y Roma– que terminó por imponer la reforma gregoriana.Le Liber canticorum et horarum, composé pour la reine Sancie de León et conservé à la Bibliothèque générale universitaire de Salamanque (ms. 2668, est un manuscrit d’un grand intérêt quand il s'agit d'étudier les changements politico-religieux et culturels qui ont eu lieu à partir de la seconde moitié du XIe siècle dans le royaume de León. De fait, ses folios révèlent tout autant l'évolution artistique du moment, que la lutte idéologique entre partisans de l'ancien rite isidorien et Rome – qui finit par imposer la réforme grégorienne.

  18. Self-perception of women after mastectomy as an ego defence mechanism. Comparison with a group of healthy women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mącik, Dorota; Ziółkowska, Patrycja; Kowalska, Monika

    2012-01-01

    Analysis of changes in self-perception in post-mastectomy patients and its comparison with self-perception of healthy women. The subjects of this study were 50 women. The main group was post-mastectomy patients involved in the meetings of the Amazons Club (25 women). The reference group consisted of 25 healthy women. The method used in the study was the ACL (Adjective Check List) test, identifying 37 dimensions of self-image. Oncological patients completed a test twice (for current and pre-cancer self-image), and healthy women once - for current self. Both groups were selected similarly in respect of education level for the purpose of ensuring a similar level of insight. Retrospective self-image and the current one in the Amazon women group were highly convergent. Existing differences include a reduced need for achievement and dominance, and a lower level of self-confidence. However, the comparison of current self-images in both groups showed a large discrepancy of the results. The Amazon women assess themselves in a much more negative way. Also, their self-image is self-contradictory in certain characteristics. Mastectomy is a difficult experience requiring one to re-adapt and to accept oneself thereafter. The way of thinking about oneself is a defence mechanism helping to cope. The work with patients programmes must, therefore, focus on identifying their emotions and thoughts, especially on those they do not want to accept because of the perceived pressure from the environment to effectively and quickly deal with this difficult situation. The increasing acceptance of personal limitations may help the affected women to adjust psychologically faster and easier.

  19. Properties of LiBF[sub 4] and LiAsF[sub 6] solutions in mixtures of tetrahydrofuran and 2-methyltetrahydrofuran. Svojstva rastvorov LiBF[sub 4] i LiAsF[sub 6] v smesyakh tetragidrofurana i 2-metiltetragidrofurana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plakhotnik, A V; Tovmash, N F; Mishustin, A I; Kokunov, Yu V [AN SSSR, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. Obshchej i Neorganicheskoj Khimii

    1993-01-01

    Solutions of lithium tetrafluoroborate and hexafluoroarsenate in mixtures of tetrahydrofuran and 2-methyltetrahydrofuran were studies by the methods of conductometry, densimetry, viscosimetry and measurement of spin-lattice relaxation rate on [sup 7]Li nuclei. Considerable ifluence of anion nature was ascertained. Assumptions are made on the presence of cooperative interaction involving formation of the structures from solvent molecules and salt ions.

  20. Properties of silicium n-i-p junctions - application to the detection of relativist particles; Propriete des jonctions nip de silicium - Application a la detection des particules relativistes; Svojstva perekhoda p-i-n v kremnii - primenenie k obnaruzheniyu relyativistskikh chastits; Propiedades de estructuras nip de silicio - Aplicacion a la deteccion de particulas relativistas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koch, L; Messier, J; Valin, J [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)

    1962-04-15

    An account is given of experience gained at the CENS on the detection of nuclear particles by semiconductors. One type of detector, of pin structure, has been specially studied. In comparison with the usual p-n or npp{sup +} structures, and given an equal purity of the base material, it has the advantage of permitting a larger effective volume for the following reasons: (a) with an equal potential difference applied to the crystal, the total thickness of the barrier layers is greater; (b) with an equal reverse current, the maximum potential difference which they can withstand is greater; (c) other things being equal, their capacitance per unit of area is smaller and hence the permitted maximum surface is greater. A detailed description is given of methods of obtaining pin structures in silicon, the intermediate zone reaching 1 mm. Lastly, certain applications of these detectors are described: {alpha} and {gamma} spectroscopy and the measurement of dE/dX for relativistic particles. (author) [French] Les auteurs exposent l'experience acquise au CENS sur la detection des particules nucleaires par les semi-conducteurs. Un type de detecteur, de structure pin, a ete particulierement etudie. U presente par rapport aux structures classiques pn ou npp{sup +}, et a purete egale du materiau de depart, l'avantage de permettre un volume sensible plus grand. En effet: a) a difference de potentiel egale appliquee au cristal, l'epaisseur totale des barrieres est plus importante; b) a courant inverse egal, la d.d.p. maximum qu'ils supportent est plus grande; c) toutes choses egales d'ailleurs, leur capacite par unite d'aire est plus faible et la surface maximum permise est donc plus grande. Les auteurs decrivent en detail quelques procedes permettant d'obtenir des structures pin dans le silicium, la zone intermediaire atteignant 1 mm. Enfin, ils decrivent quelques applications de ces detecteurs: spectroscopie {alpha} et {gamma}, mesure de dE/dX pour les particules relativistes. (author) [Spanish] Los autores describen la experiencia adquirida en el CENS, en lo que se refiere a la deteccion de particulas nucleares por medio de semiconductores. Han estudiado especialmente cierto tipo de detector, de estructura pin. Suponiendo que se trabaje con materiales de igual pureza inicial, este dispositivo presenta, con respecto a los aparatos de estructura corriente pn o npp{sup +}, la ventaja de poseer un mayor volumen sensible. En efecto: a) a igual diferencia de potencial aplicada al cristal, el espesor total de las barreras es mayor; b) a igualdad de la corriente inversa, la maxima diferencia de potencial que admiten es mayor; c) siendo iguales todas las demas condiciones, su capacidad por unidad de superficie es menor y la maxima superficie admisible es, pues, mas elevada. Los autores describen detalladamente ciertos procedimientos que permiten obtener estructuras pin en el silicio, con un espesor de zona intermedia que alcanza a 1 mm. Finalmente, describen algunas aplicaciones de estos detectores, tales como la espectroscopia {alpha} y {gamma}, y la medida de dE/dX en el caso de las particulas relativistas. (author) [Russian] V dannoj rabote govoritsya ob opyte, provedennom v TSentre yadernykh issledovanij v Sakle, v oblasti obnaruzheniya yadernykh chastits s pomoshch'yu poluprovodnikov. V chastnosti, izuchalsya tip detektora s perekhodom p-i-n. Po sravneniyu s obychnymi perekhodami p-n ili npp{sup +} i pri uslovii ravnoj chistoty iskhodnogo materiala, ehtot perekhod imeet preimushchestvo, zaklyuchayushcheesya v bolee vysokoj chuvstvitel'nosti ; dejstvitel'no: 1) pri ravnoj raznosti potentsialov, prilozhennoj k kristallu, samym vazhnym yavlyaetsya obshchaya tolshchina bar'erov; 2) pri ravnom obratnom toke maksimal'naya raznost' potentsialov, kotoruyu oni vyderzhivayut, bolee vysoka; 3) pri drugikh ravnykh velichinakh ikh emkost' na edinitsu poverkhnosti nizhe, a maksimal'no dopustimaya poverkhnost' vyshe. V rabote podrobno opisyvayutsya nekotorye metody, pozvolyayushchie poluchit' perekhod p-i-n v kremnii s promezhutochnoj zonoj v 1 mm. Nakonets, budut opisany nekotorye vidy primeneniya ehtikh detektorov: al'fa- i gamma-spektroskopiya, izmerenie dE/dX dlya relyativistskikh chastits. (author)

  1. Study of the Fixation and Migration of Radioactive Cations in a Natural Ion Exchanger; Etude de la Fixation et de la Migration de Cations Radioactifs dans un Echangeur d'Ions Naturel; 0418 0417 0423 0427 0415 0414 ; Estudio de la Fijacion y de la Migracion de Cationes Radiactivos en un Cambiador Natural de Iones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baetsle, L. [Centre d' Etudes de l' Energie Nucleaire, Mol (Belgium)

    1960-07-01

    investigando por separado cada uno de los equilibrios ionicos componentes. (author) [Russian] V celjah ispol'zovanija burogo uglja v kachestve estestvennogo ionoobmennika pri obrabotke zhidkih radioaktivnyh othodov, izuchalis' ego fizicheskie i fiziko-himicheskie svojstva, svjazannye s obmenom ionov. Prezhde vsego bylo izucheno raspredelenie ionov stroncija-90 i cezija-137 v prisutstvii Ca, Na i N, i raschitany konstanty ravnovesija. Zatem byla izuchena kinetika fiksacii ionov i ustanovleno neskol'ko parametrov, neobhodimyh dlja rascheta lozha ionoobmennikov. Izuchenie slozhnogo javlenija migracii radioaktivnyh ionov v pochve provodilos' putem razdel'nogo issledovanija kazhdoj sostavnoj ionnyh ravnovesij. (author)

  2. Use of Synthetic Polymers in Nuclear Emulsions for Fast-Neutron Dosimetry; Primenenie sinteticheskikh polimerov v yadernykh ehmul'siyakh dlya dozimetrii bystrykh nejtronov

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradna, F. [Laboratorija Radiologicheskoj Dozimetrii Instituta Jadernykh Issledovanij CHSAN Praga, CSSR (Czech Republic)

    1967-01-15

    jemul'sij, odnako fiziko-mehanicheskie svojstva polimero-zhelatinovyh jemul'sij znachitel'no luchshe svojstv obychnyh zhelatinovyh jemul'sij. Polimery obladajut horoshimi zashhitnymi svojstvami i polimer No 2 prigoden dazhe v fizicheskom sozrevanii, poskol'ku on malo tormozit jetot process. V techenie estestvennogo starenija fotohimicheskie svojstva polimero-zhelatinovyh jemul'sij prakticheski ne izmenjalis' i eshhe dal'she znachitel'no povyshalas' ih mehanicheskaja prochnost'. V rezul'tate ukazannyh predvaritel'nyh opytov polimery No 1 i No 2 primenjalis' v kachestve napolnitelej jadernoj jemul'sii v kolichestve ot 50 do 70% po otnosheniju k obshhemu kolichestvu zashhitnogo kolloida, ne izmenjaja v dannoj jemul'sii soderzhanie serebra. Dlja dal'nejshego povyshenija jeffektivnosti jemul'sij polimero-zhelatinov'te jemul'sii nasyshhalis' vodorodom putem vremennogo propuskanija cherez ego zhidkuju jemul'siju. Gotovye jemul'sii nalivalis' na triacetatnuju podlozhku tolshhinoj 190 mikron, kotoraja javljaetsja v zhelaemom sluchae jeffektivnym radiatorom protonov. Jemul'sii obluchalis' bystrymi nejtronami plotnost'ju 1,56 * 108 nejtronov/sm{sup 2} ot istochnika (Ra - D - Be). S cel'ju uvelichenija jeffektivnosti registracii nejtronov, pri obluchenii jemul'sij ispol'zovalis' dobavochnye radiatory protonov tipa: polivinilovyj spirt (PVS), triacetat (T), polijetilen (PJe) optimal'noj tolshhiny. Obrabotka rezul'tatov s dozimetricheskoj tochki zrenija pokazala sledujushhie rezul'taty: 1. Po sravneniju s obychnymi zhelatinovymi jemul'sijami jeffektivnost' registracii povysilas': - do 25% v sluchae primenenija polimerov No 1 i No 2 v zavisimosti ot stepeni napolnenija; . - na 100% v sluchae primenenija polimera No 1 v vodorodom nasyshhennoj jemul'sii, prinjatoj v kachestve standarta polimero-zhelatinovoj jemul'sii (SPZhJe). 2. V sluchae primenenija optimal'nyh dobavochnyh radiatorov protonov (PVS, T, PJe) k ukazannoj jemul'sii SPZhJe, ee jeffektivnost' registrkcii povysilas' dal

  3. Radioisotopes in the physical chemistry of corrosion processes and their inhibition; Les radioisotopes dans la chimie physique des processus de corrosion et de leur inhibition; Primenenie radioizotopov v fizicheskoj khimii protsessov korrozii i ikh tormozheniya; Los radioisotopos en la quimica fisica de los procesos de corrosion y de inhibicion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cartledge, G H [Chemistry Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1962-03-15

    periodico, es particularmente adecuado para algunos de estos estudios. Las ventajas do este elemento estriban, en sus propiedades nucleares. La memoria resume las propiedades quimicas de los compuestos de tecnecio y las compara con las de los compuestos correspondientes de {sup 51}Cr, de molibdeno y de wolframio, que con tanta frecuencia se emplean en el estudio de la inhibicion. La memoria describe seguidamente ciertos estudios experimentales como ejemplo de los usos a que se ha destinado el tecnecio en los trabajos de este tipo. Entre ellos menciona estudios empiricos de su accion como eficaz inhibidor de la corrosion del hierro, y observaciones de la actividad de superficie realizadas durante periodos largos de tiempo. Otros estudios efectuados con {sup 99}Tc y con {sup 131}I han demostrado la importancia de la adsorcion competitiva de iones en la determinacion de la cinetica de los procesos de corrosion y de inhibicion. Como tercer ejemplo, describe como las propiedades excepcionales del tecnecio han permitido distinguir claramente las contribuciones relativas del oxigeno de las del inhibidor oxidante en el mantenimiento de la pasividad. (author) [Russian] Sredi faktorov, vkhodyashchikh v fundamental'noe izuchenie ehlektrokhimicheskikh protsessov korrozii i tormozheniya, vydelyayutsya v chastnosti sleduyushchie: a) razlichnye vidy adsorbtsionnykh yavlenij; b) ionoobmennye svojstva passivnykh plenok; c) ehlektrokhimicheskaya kinetika kak anodnykh, tak i katodnykh protsessov, proiskhodyashchikh mezhdu metallom i korrozijnoj sredoj. Teper' pri pomoshchi radioizotopov mozhno provesti nekotorye issledovaniya ehtikh yavlyaenij, kotorye nevozmozhno osushchestvit' obychnymi sredstvami. Tekhnetsij, gomolog margantsa v periodicheskoj sisteme, okazalsya ves'ma podkhodyashchim dlya nekotorykh ehtikh issledovanij. Ego yadernye svojstva krajne interesny u ehtom otnoshenii. V doklade kratko izlagayutsya khimicheskie svojstva soedinenij tekhnetsiya, protivopostavlennye svojstvam

  4. Overexpression of smORF YNR034W-A/EGO4 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae increases the fermentative efficiency of Agave tequilana Weber must.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas-Maya, Naurú Idalia; González-Hernández, Gloria Angélica; Padilla-Guerrero, Israel Enrique; Torres-Guzmán, Juan Carlos

    2017-01-01

    Fermentative processes are widely used to produce food, beverages and biofuels. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an efficient ethanol-producing microorganism. However, a concentration of high ethanol and other metabolites can affect yeast viability and decrease the ethanol yield. Many studies have focused on improving the fermentative efficiency, mostly through the genetic engineering of genes that have a direct impact on specific metabolic pathways. In the present study, we characterized a small open reading frame encoding a protein with an unknown function and biological role termed YNR034W-A. We analyzed the expression profile of the YNR034W-A gene during growth and glucose treatment, finding that it is expressed during the diauxic shift and stationary phase and is negatively regulated by glucose. We overexpressed the YNR034W-A gene in the BY4741 laboratory strain and a wild-type yeast strain (AR5) isolated during the Tequila fermentation process. Transformant derivatives of the AR5 strain showed an improved fermentative efficiency during fermentation of Agave tequilana Weber juice. We suggest that the improved fermentative efficiency is the result of a higher stress tolerance response in the YNR034W-A overexpressing transformant.

  5. The eGo grid model: An open source approach towards a model of German high and extra-high voltage power grids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Ulf Philipp; Wienholt, Lukas; Kleinhans, David; Cussmann, Ilka; Bunke, Wolf-Dieter; Pleßmann, Guido; Wendiggensen, Jochen

    2018-02-01

    There are several power grid modelling approaches suitable for simulations in the field of power grid planning. The restrictive policies of grid operators, regulators and research institutes concerning their original data and models lead to an increased interest in open source approaches of grid models based on open data. By including all voltage levels between 60 kV (high voltage) and 380kV (extra high voltage), we dissolve the common distinction between transmission and distribution grid in energy system models and utilize a single, integrated model instead. An open data set for primarily Germany, which can be used for non-linear, linear and linear-optimal power flow methods, was developed. This data set consists of an electrically parameterised grid topology as well as allocated generation and demand characteristics for present and future scenarios at high spatial and temporal resolution. The usability of the grid model was demonstrated by the performance of exemplary power flow optimizations. Based on a marginal cost driven power plant dispatch, being subject to grid restrictions, congested power lines were identified. Continuous validation of the model is nescessary in order to reliably model storage and grid expansion in progressing research.

  6. Przenoszenie się grzyba Ustilago perennans Bostr. z nasionami rajgrasu wyniosłego [Transmission of Ustilago perennans Rostr. with tall oat grass seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. W. Tomala-Bednarek

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It was established that the mycelium of Ustilago perennans does not grow into the pericarp and seed coat of Arrhenatherum elatius caryopses. The main source of seedling infection at this year .seeds sowing were mycelium and gemmes present in hull tissues whereas ait last-year seeds sowing-the spores wintering on the hull and caryopsis surfaces, as they proved to be more survived. The ability of the fungus to seedling infection was decreasing gradually with the seed ageing.

  7. Consumer Value and Modes of Media Reception: Audience Response to Ryan, a Computer-animated Psycho-realist Documentary and its Own Documentation in Alter Egos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles H. Davis

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En mercadeo, administración y literatura sobre organizaciones, los conceptos de valor del consumidor y creación de valor son fundamentales, aunque casi nunca se examinan en el contexto de los bienes de experiencia en pantalla. En este artículo, nos apartamos de enfoques imperantes sobre audiencia o estudios de recepción y estudiamos el valor experimental que produce en el espectador el consumo de un producto visto en pantalla. Aplicando la metodología Q y el esquema de Holbrook sobre valor del consumidor (1999, identificamos segmentos de audiencia empíricamente, partiendo de la experiencia subjetiva de los telespectadores de un producto filmado de manera innovadora: Ryan, breve y laureado documental animado por computador. Este documental utiliza el estado del arte de la animación creativa para contar una historia convincente en un estilo que amplía el género documental. Descubrimos y describimos cuatro segmentos de audiencia que, sin que nos lo propusiéramos, se parecen mucho a los cuatro modos principales de recepción de medios, planteados recientemente por Michelle (2007. Esto crea un vínculo potencialmente útil entre el esquema sobre el valor experiencial del consumidor y los estudios sobre recepción de medios.

  8. Jóvenes vulnerables a la entrada del mercado de trabajo: visualización de ego-redes en Talleres Prelaborales de la Zona Norte de Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario Izquierdo Chaparro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo explora algunas posibilidades de la visualización de redes egocéntricas como herramienta metodológica para realizar entrevistas cualitativas y para la evaluación de programas de Formación y Empleo. Se describe un estudio de casos de adolescentes en riesgo de exclusión que han iniciado su transición hacia el primer empleo en un recurso de formación y empleo del Ayuntamiento de Sevilla: los Talleres Prelaborales de la zona norte. La visualización se revela como una técnica metodológica capaz de aportar abundante información cualitativa sobre sus pautas relacionales y sus actitudes ante el empleo, además de reforzar las habilidades adquiridas en los Talleres. A partir de la percepción que los y las jóvenes tienen de sus redes egocéntricas, se refuerzan aspectos cognitivos que potencian su desarrollo personal, revelándose la utilidad del ARS para una mejor comprensión y una potenciación de las transiciones hacia un mercado de trabajo que presenta un fuerte cierre social ante este colectivo vulnerable.

  9. Mapa de redes personales. Una herramienta para el estudio de las remesas económicas y sociales con EgoNet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Ávila

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El análisis integral de las remesas requiere repensar su unidad de análisis “clásica”: el hogar. En sentido amplio, las remesas no circulan en el vacío social sino a través de las redes transnacionales del hogar transnacional del inmigrante, las cuales constituyen su micro-estructura. Con la globalización estas redes se vuelven más complejas y requieren de nuevas metodologías de análisis, que permitan identificar, analizar y representar esta complejidad. ¿Cómo estudiar las remesas en la nueva complejidad de las redes transnacionales? En este artículo proponemos utilizar el análisis de redes personales como herramienta para identificar las características de las redes de los inmigrantes emisores de remesas y construir las principales coordenadas de los mapas de sus comunidades personales, dentro de los cuales se desarrollan los microcircuitos de las redes de remesas.

  10. Research University STEM Faculty Members' Motivation to Engage in Teaching Professional Development: Building the Choir through an Appeal to Extrinsic Motivation and Ego

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouwma-Gearhart, Jana

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on a qualitative, grounded-theory-based study that explored the motivations of science and engineering faculty to engage in teaching professional development at a major research university. Faculty members were motivated to engage in teaching professional development due to extrinsic motivations, mainly a weakened professional…

  11. The eGo grid model: An open-source and open-data based synthetic medium-voltage grid model for distribution power supply systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amme, J.; Pleßmann, G.; Bühler, J.; Hülk, L.; Kötter, E.; Schwaegerl, P.

    2018-02-01

    The increasing integration of renewable energy into the electricity supply system creates new challenges for distribution grids. The planning and operation of distribution systems requires appropriate grid models that consider the heterogeneity of existing grids. In this paper, we describe a novel method to generate synthetic medium-voltage (MV) grids, which we applied in our DIstribution Network GeneratOr (DINGO). DINGO is open-source software and uses freely available data. Medium-voltage grid topologies are synthesized based on location and electricity demand in defined demand areas. For this purpose, we use GIS data containing demand areas with high-resolution spatial data on physical properties, land use, energy, and demography. The grid topology is treated as a capacitated vehicle routing problem (CVRP) combined with a local search metaheuristics. We also consider the current planning principles for MV distribution networks, paying special attention to line congestion and voltage limit violations. In the modelling process, we included power flow calculations for validation. The resulting grid model datasets contain 3608 synthetic MV grids in high resolution, covering all of Germany and taking local characteristics into account. We compared the modelled networks with real network data. In terms of number of transformers and total cable length, we conclude that the method presented in this paper generates realistic grids that could be used to implement a cost-optimised electrical energy system.

  12. Cooperación, solidaridad y egoísmo racional. Acerca de la relación entre moralidad y racionalidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eduardo Hoyos

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The article assumes a conceptual link exists between morality and rationality and attempts to show this link in the context of a critical dialogue with utilitarianism and by showing how rational egoism is self-contradictory. The main question is if such a thing would allow us to simultaneously demonstrate the rationality and the morality of cooperation and solidarity.

  13. Electronic Modification of the Scintigram and its Limitations; Modification Electronique des Scintigrammes: Limitations; Ehlektronnoe usovershenstvovanie stsintigrammy i ego ogranicheniya; Modificacion Electronica de los Centelleogramas: Sus Limitaciones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conrad, B.; Horst, W. [University Clinic for Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine Cantonal Hospital, Zurich (Switzerland)

    1964-10-15

    An investigation of the basic principles of contrast enhancement is presented. Certain fundamental laws should be observed in the design of transforming systems as well as in their application in order to visualize a maximum of information. These laws are developed using the following parameters and functions, which in general characterize all kinds of transforming systems: (1) The elementary cell of primary information, defined by time intervals or pre-selected number of counts etc; (2) The information-transforming function, according to which the elementary cell is represented in the scintigram (by the degree of blackening of a photo-dot, for example). Often this function is regarded as the final characteristic of the transforming system; this is true, however, only when statistical fluctuations are negligible. The behaviour of a transforming system including statistical fluctuations is described by the following functions, which show the quality of a scintigram in quantitative terms. (3) The picture-generating function, according to which the mean value of counting rate over an area is transformed into a mean blackening of the corresponding area in the scintigram. This function gives the contrast enhancement. (4) The significance function, which describes the loss of information caused by the transformation. This function gives the degree of regularity of representation. On the basis of the above definitions, the paper deals with the following problems: optimal ''size'' of the primary information cell, depending on the resolution of the detector; optimal shape of transforming function for various purposes; some electronic circuits for realization of such functions. In particular, an apparatus is described in detail which gives an optimum of linear presentation using a suitable selected non- linear transforming function. Thus the range of net counting rate between background and maximal counting rate is projected to the full range of blackening in the scintigram in a manner that provides a minimum of falsification of data. Also other kinds of presentation can be selected, for example various quasi- logarithmic characteristics. The problem of contrast enhancement in the case of extremely small differences, for example in brain tumour scanning, is discussed in detail. It should be noted that the principles described could be applied not only to scanners, but also to stationary detectors of every kind. (author) [French] Les auteurs etudient les principes qui sont a la base de l'accentuation du contraste. Certaines lois fondamentales devraient etre observees dans la realisation et l'utilisation des systemes de conversion, afin de permettre la visualisation d'un maximum d'informations. Pour determiner ces lois, on a utilise les parametres et fonctions ci-apres, qui caracterisent en regle generale tous les systemes de conversion: 1. L'element fondamental d'information primaire, qui est defini par les intervalles de temps, le nombre de coups determine a l'avance, etc. 2. La fonction de conversion de l'information, qui permet de representer l 'element fondamental dans le scintigramme (par exemple, degre de noircissement d'un point photographique). Cette fonction est souvent consideree comme etant la caracteristique essentielle du systeme de conversion, mais cela n'est vrai que si les fluctuations statistiques sont negligeables. Le comportement d'un systeme de conversion, y compris les fluctuations statistiques, est decrit par les fonctions suivantes, qui expriment quantitativement la qualite d'un scintigramme 3. Fonction de production d'images, qui exprime la valeur moyenne du taux de comptage au-dessus d'une zone par un noircissement moyen de la zone correspondante du scintigramme; cette fonction assure l'accentuation du contraste. 4. Fonction d'evaluation, qui indique les pertes d'informations dues a la conversion. Elle montre le degre de regularite de la representation. En s'appuyant sur les definitions ci-dessus, les auteurs traitent des problemes ci-apres: 'dimension' optimum de l'element d'information primaire, en fonction du pouvoir de resolution du detectuer; forme optimum de la fonction de conversion suivant l 'objet de l'examen scintigraphique; circuits electroniques permettant de realiser ces fonctions. En particulier, les auteurs decrivent en detail un appareil qui assure une presentation lineaire optimum grace a une fonction de conversion non lineaire appropriee. Ainsi, la gamine des taux de comptage nets, allant du bruit de fond au taux de comptage maximum, se trouve representee dans le scintigramme par toutes les nuances de noircissement, d'une maniere qui reduit a un minimum l'alteration des donnees. On peut aussi choisir d'autres genres de presentation, par exemple differentes caracteristiques quasi-logarithmiques. Le probleme de l'accentuation du contraste lorsque les nuances sont tres faibles, par exemple dans l'exploration des tumeurs du cerveau, sera traite de maniere detaillee. Il est a noter que les principes exposes peuvent s'appliquer non seulement aux detecteurs mobiles utilises en scintigraphie, mais aussi aux detecteurs stationnaires de tous genres. (author) [Spanish] Los autores estudian los principios basicos del aumento del contraste. Al realizar y utilizar los sistemas de conversion deberian observarse cienas leyes fundamentales a fin de permitir la visualizacion del maximo de informaciones. Para determinar esas leyes se han utilizado Los siguientes parametros y funciones, que caracterizan, en general, todos los sistemas de conversion: 1. El elemento fundamental de informacion primaria, definido por los intervalos de tiempo, el numero predeterminado de impulsos, etc . 2. La funcion de conversion de las informaciones, que permite representar el elemento fundamental en el centelleograma (e l grado de ennegrecimiento de un punto luminoso, por ejemplo). A menudo esta funcion se considera como la caracteristica esencial del sistema de conversion, pero esto solo es cierto si las fluctuaciones estadisticas son despreciables. El comportamiento de un sistema de conversion, incluidas las fluctuaciones estadisticas, es descrito por las funciones siguientes, que expresan cuantitativamente la calidad de un centelleogtama: 3. Funcion de produccion de imagenes: expresa el valor medio del fndice de recuento correspondiente a una zona con un ennegrecimiento medio de la zona correspondiente del centelleograma. Esta funcion asegura el aumento del contraste. 4. Funcion significativa, que indica las perdidas de informacion debidas a la conversion. Esta funcion muestra el grado de regularidad de la representacion. Basandose en dichas definiciones, los autores estudian los siguientes problemas: 'Dimension' optima del elemento de informacion primario en funcion del poder de resolucion del detector. Forma optima de la funcion de conversion segun el objeto de la exploracion centelleografica. Circuitos electronicos que permiten realizar dichas funciones. En particular, los autores describen detalladamente un aparato que da una presentacion lineal optima gracias a una funcion de conversion no lineal apropiada. Asi el intervalo de los fndices netos de recuento comprendidas entre el fondo y el fndice de recuento maximo se halla representado en el centelleograma por grados de emegrecimiento de una manera que reduce al minimo la alteracion de los datos. Se pueden seleccionar otros tipos de presentacion, por ejemplo, diferentes caracteristicas cuasilogaritmicas. Los autores estudian detenidamente el problema del aumento del contraste cuando las diferencias son extremadanente pequenas, por ejemplo, en la exploracion de tumores cerebrales. Conviene advertir que los principios enunciados pueden aplicarse no solo a los detectors moviles, sino tambien a los detectores fijos de cualquier tipo. (author) [Russian] Predstavleno i ssledovanie osnovnyh principov kon trastnogo usilen i ja . Prirazrabotk e transformirujushhih si st em , a takzhe pri ih primenenii neobhodimo sobljudat' nekotorye o s novnye zakonomernosti dlja togo, chtoby poluchit' maksimum informacii. Jeti zak on om ernosti razrabotany pri ispol'zovanii sledujushhih parametrov i funkcij, kotorye v celom harakterizujut transformirujushhie sistemy vseh vidov: 1. Jelementarnaja jachejka pervichnoj informacii, opredelja em aja intervalami vremeni ili predvaritel'no otobrannym chislom o tschetov, it.d. 2. Funkcija preobrazovanija informacii, v sootvetstvii s kotoroj jelementarnaja jachejka . predstavljaetsja na scintigramme (naprimer, stepen'ju potemnenija fotopjatna). Chasto jet a funkcija r a ssmatri v aet sja kak okonchatel'naja harakteristika transformirujushhej sistemy; odnako jet o spravedlivo tol'ko pri neznachitel'nyh statisticheskih kolebanijah. 4 Povedenie transformirujushhej si st emy , vkljuchaja st atisticheskie kolebanija, opisyvaetsja sledujushhimi funkcijami, kotorye pokazyvajut kachestvo scintigrammy s kolichestvennoj tochki zrenija. 3. Funkcija generacii snimka, v sootvetstvii s kotoroj srednjaja velichina skorosti scheta v zon e transformiruetsja v sredne e potemnenie sootvetstvujushhej zony na scintig ramme. Jeta funkcija da et kontrastnoe usi lenie. 4. Funkcija dostovernosti, kotoraja opisyvaet poterju informacii, prichinennuju transformaciej. Jeta funkcija da et stepen' pravil'nosti vosproizvedenija izobrazhenija. Na osnove vysheukazannyh opredelenij v doklade rassmatrivajutsja sledujushhie problemy: optimal'nyj ''razmer'' jachejki pervichnoj informacii v zavisimosti ot razreshajushhej sposobnosti detektora; optimal'naja forma transformirujushhej funkcii dlja razlichnyh celej; nekotorye jelektronnye kontury dlja realizacii takih funkcij. V chastnosti budet podrobno opisan pribor, kotoryj daet optimal'noe znachenie linejn ogo predstavlenija pri ispol'zovanii sootvetstvujushhim obra zom podobrannoj nelinejnoj transformirujushhej funkcii. Takim obrazom, interval chistoj skorosti scheta v promezhutke mezhdu fonovoj i maksimal'noj skorost'ju scheta proeciruetsja kak potemnenie v polnom intervale na scintigramme takim obrazom, chto jeto obespechivaet minimal'noe iskazhenie dannyh. Mozhno takzhe otobrat' drugie vidy predstavlenija, naprimer razlichnye kvazi-loga - rifmicheskie harakteristiki. Podrobno obsuzh d a et sja problema kontrastnogo usilenija v sluchae chrezvychajno malyh razlichij, naprimer na skennogramme m ozgovoj opuholi. Sleduet otmetit', chto vysheopisannye principy mogut primenjat'sja ne tol'ko k sken- neram, no i k stacionarnym detektoram ljubogo vida. (author)

  14. The ego under observation : childpsychiatric study of 40 three year old low birthweight children and 40 three year old full term and normal birthweight children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.M.J. De Raeymaecker (Dirk)

    1981-01-01

    textabstractThis comparative child-psychiatric study of a group of three-year-old children of low birth weight and a control group of full-term children had its origins in the co-operation which exists between the department of paediatrics and the department of child psychiatry in Sophia Children's

  15. Ego mechanisms of defense are associated with patients’ preference of treatment modality independent of psychological distress in end-stage renal disease

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas Hyphantis; Spiros Katsoudas; Sonia Voudiclari

    2010-01-01

    Thomas Hyphantis1, Spiros Katsoudas2, Sonia Voudiclari31Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece; 2Nephrologist, Renal Clinic, Hippocration General Hospital, Athens, Greece; 3Department of Nephrology, University of Athens, GreeceAbstract: Several parameters mediate the selection of treatment modality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The nephrology community suggests that patient preference should be the prime deter...

  16. FRAMING Linguistics: ``SEANCES"(!!!) Martin-Bradshaw-Siegel ``Buzzwordism, Bandwagonism, Sloganeering For:Fun, Profit, Survival, Ego": Rampant UNethics Sociological-DYSfunctionality!!!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, John; Siegel, E.

    2010-03-01

    ``Sciences''/SEANCES(!!!) rampant UNethics!!! WITNESS: Yau v Perelman Poincare-conj.-pf. [Naser, NewYorker(8/06)]; digits log- law Siegel[AMS Nat.Mtg.(02)-Abs.973-60-124] inversion to ONLY BEQS: Newcomb(1881)theory method[Doyle-Snell, Random-Walks/Electric-Nets (81)]: 1881Ethics? SHMETHICS!!!

  17. Eroul liric în ipostaza de alter ego al creației lui Emil Loteanu: particularitățile dialecticii anima-animus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plămădeală

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The autobiography of romantic creation is manifested through the correlation ”dream – art” and less through the traditional ”life – art”. The artist of this spiritual texture, is however, impelled from the inside not to evoke the immediate reality, but the effervescence of the dreams and the splendours of imagination, so to transmigrate to his lyrical hero only his heroic, altruistic, and great aspirations. The predominance in the film director’s records of the heroine’s character, not of the hero’s, through the weight of confessional valences, is reinforced by the master’s persistence, even his obsession with the singing of the myth of the eternal feminine in the most varied versions and interpretations. Appealing to the ”psychology of the depths”, the following phenomenon has been stated: in the equation of the protagonists of Loteanu’s works, the power of character, courage, even possessiveness are more decisive in feminine characters, the masculine ones yielding to the vigour and vitality of their loved ones. On the other hand, the lyrical heroes are characterized by the spiritual states associated with the beautiful sex for centuries: dreamers, sensitive, always subject to turmoil and anxiety. This anthropological distortion explains the situation of the Woman in the major hypostasis of Axis Mundi, and of the man in that of the wandering son, who has forgotten his role. In Emil Loteanu’s cinematography, the nostalgia of the paradisiac myth of the androgyne is countered by empowering the lyrical heroines with the functions of protecting and saving the world, they are the ones recovering the cracks of their second halves.

  18. New Research Required in Support of Radioactive Waste Disposal; Recherches Nouvelles Necessitees par le Probleme de l'Elimination des Dechets Radioactifs; 041d 0415 041e 0411 0425 041e 0414 ; Nuevas Investigaciones Necesarias para la Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaefer, Milner B. [Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA (United States)

    1960-07-01

    los elementos radiactivos a traves de la cadena alimenticia que se encuentra en esta parte del mar. Es necesario efectuar investigaciones para poder delimitar las zonas de pesca presentes y futuras, y las zonas en que la pesca no es posible, mediante estudios basicos sobre la productividad biologica, etc. Tambien es preciso realizar estudios para determinar la velocidad de traslado de las sustancias radiactivas de una zona a otra por conveccion horizontal y por difusion turbulenta; la velocidad de dilucion por difusion, sedimentacion y transporte vertical, y la velocidad de captacion y transmision por los organismos vivos. Es necesario realizar investigaciones sobre los medios mas eficaces para someter a monitoraje las zonas de evacuacion de desechos. Algunos organismos pueden concentrar selectivamente determinados elementos; esto ofrece la posibilidad de efectuar, en condiciones economicas, jel monitoraje de desechos radiactivos de baja concentracion eliminados en el mar. Varios grupos de oceanografos de los Estados Unidos han propuesto recientemente algunos trabajos especificos de investigacion cuyo resumen aparece en esta memoria, junto con un calculo de su costo. (author) [Russian] Mnogochislennye fizicheskie, himicheskie i biologicheskie processy vlijajut na raspredelenie radioaktivnyh materialov i ih vozvrashhenie k cheloveku. Sjuda vhodjat vertikal'naja i gorizontal'naja advekcija, turbulentnaja diffuzija, vypadenija osadkov i otlozhenija, podnjatie, koncentracija i peremeshhenie organizmami, a takzhe peremeshhenie k cheloveku cherez ego pishhevye produkty iz morja. Nastojatel'no neobhodimo issledovat' svjazannye s prilivami dannye v tipichnyh gavanjah, jestuarijah i v otkrytyh beregovyh vodah, a takzhe prohozhdenie radioaktivnyh jelementov cherez pishhevye tkani v jetu chast' morja. Neobhodimo provesti issledovanija dlja togo, chtoby razgranichit' potencial'nye rybolovnye i ne rybolovnye rajony s pomoshh'ju teoreticheskogo izuchenija biologicheskoj

  19. Čizmar

    OpenAIRE

    Rajčić, Vlatka; Čizmar, Dean

    2008-01-01

    U proteklih nekoliko godina, stvaraju se novi materijali na osnovi drva i polimera – drvoplastika (Wood Plastic Composites - WPC). Drvoplastika se definira kao kompozitni materijal koji sadrži drvo (u bilo kojem obliku) i termoplastične polimere ili termostabilne polimere. U radu se prikazuje povijesni pregled uporabe drvoplastike, struktura i način proizvodnje, tipični elementi od kompozitnih materijala, fizikalna i mehanička svojstva, te prednosti i mane ovog materijala.

  20. The guilty couch potato: The role of negative emotions in reducing recovery through media use

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reinecke, L; Hartmann, T.; Eden, A.L.

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses ego depletion as a mechanism influencing media-based stress recovery processes. Using structural equation modeling, relationships between ego depletion, procrastination, guilt, enjoyment, vitality, and recovery experience were tested using data from an online survey (N=471).

  1. Developmental Pathways to Preference and Popularity in Middle Childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Berg, Yvonne H M; Deutz, Marike H F; Smeekens, Sanny; Cillessen, Antonius H N

    2017-09-01

    This study examined the associations between children's early life experiences with parents, ego resiliency and ego undercontrol, and peer group social status in a longitudinal, multimethod study from infancy to middle childhood. Participants were 129 children (52% boys) who were followed from 15 months of age to 9 years and their primary caregivers from the Nijmegen Longitudinal Study on Infant and Child Development. The measurements included observations of parent-child interaction, teacher ratings of ego resiliency and ego undercontrol, and peer-reported social status. Quality of parental interactive behavior was associated with ego resiliency and ego undercontrol. Ego resiliency and ego undercontrol were uniquely related to preference and popularity. The findings provide insight into the developmental pathways leading to the two distinct types of social status. © 2017 The Authors. Child Development © 2017 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  2. Analyzing the Social Networks of High- and Low-Performing Students in Online Discussion Forums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghadirian, Hajar; Salehi, Keyvan; Ayub, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd

    2018-01-01

    An ego network is an individual's social network relationships with core members. In this study, the ego network parameters in online discussion spaces of high- and low-performing students were compared. The extent to which students' ego networks changed over the course were also analyzed. Participation in 7 weeks of online discussions were…

  3. Niepełny, wrodzony zwrot jelita i niezwykle rzadki przypadek niepełnego zwrotu jelita dorosłego chorego z objawami wysokiej niedrożności przewodu pokarmowego.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachel, Franciszek; Łapiński, Andrzej; Szczerba, Dariusz; Gutterch, Krystian

    2017-06-30

    Autorzy przedstawiają 21 -letniego chorego z niepełnym zwrotem jelit z objawami przewlekłej niedrożności górnego odcinka przewodu pokarmowego i trudności diagnostyczne. Rozstrzygającym badaniem była TK jamy brzusznej z kontrastem. Po operacji sposobem Ladda chory został wyleczony.

  4. O potrzebie podjęcia badań nad radziecką wersją języków mniejszości narodowych byłego Związku Radzieckiego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Cieszkowski

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available About the need to take up research concerning the Russian version of former Soviet Union’s national minorities’ languages Research on the so-called Polish Russian language of the interwar period, i.e. specific type of contemporary Polish used within the territory of the Russian empire in post-war twenties, has been successfully developing for 10 years. There were numerous articles published on this topic and recently the first two-volume monography came out. According to the authors of this article, it is worth using the experience of persons researching the Polish Russian language and taking up studies on Russian types of many other languages that were used in the Soviet Union during the early post-revolutionary period. It is in particular about languages of those national minorities that had their own countries outside the Soviet Union (for instance the Germans, French, Greek, Latvians and Finns. Thanks to the so-called Lenin’s national politics, introduced at the beginning of the twenties in relation to all nationalities residing in the Soviet Union, there was mass production of various documents, propagandist materials, books, school books with the mother tongue as the lecture language, didactic materials for institutions fighting illiteracy of adults etc. published in their mother tongue. Nowadays this entire publishing production is a great source reflecting the state of national languages of those days – languages that were impregnated with various Russian and Soviet idioms, abounding in strange new-coined words. Some of the above changes are presented by the authors on the example of the German Russian language of the post‑revolutionary period.   O необходимости исследования советских вариантов языков национальных меньшинств в бывшем Советском Союзе Уже лет 10 успешно развиваются исследования т. н. советского польского языка межвоенного периода, т. е. особого варианта современного польского языка, употреблявшегося на территории советской империи в послереволюционный период. По этой теме опубликованы несколько десятков научных статей, в 2009 г. появилась первая (двухтомная монография. Согласно мнению авторов настоящей статьи, необходимо использовать накопившийся уже опыт исследователей советского польского языка и начать изучение советских вариантов многих других языков, употреблявшихся в СССР в ранний послереволюционный период. Это касается прежде всего тех национальных меньшинств, у которых были собственные государства вне СССР (напр. немцы, французы, греки, латыши, финны. Благодаря т. н. ленинской национальной политике, реализованной советскими властями в начале 20-х гг. ХХ в., для всех народностей, проживавших в Советском Союзе, массово издавались на их национальных языках различные документы, всяческие пропагандистские материалы, книги, учебники для школ, в которых велось обучение на родных языках, методические материалы, предназначавшиеся для пунктов ликвидации безграмотности взрослого населения, и т.п. В наши дни вся тогдашняя издательская продукция – это бесценный источник, отразивший состояние национальных языков в раннее послереволюционное время, напр. их насыщенность диковинными новообразованиями. Часть языковых изменений этого рода авторы статьи показывают на примере советского немецкого языка послереволюционного периода.

  5. New equipment for mechanization of warehouse operations and its use in Donbass timber yards and material stores. Novoe oborudovanie dlya mekhanizatsii skladskikh rabot i opyt ego primeneniya na lesnykh i materialinykh skladakh Donbassa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-01-01

    Constructional features and characteristics of new warehouse equipment are described which were developed by Donetsk Scientific Research Coal Institute in cooperation with other establishments. Experience is reviewed in the use of: turning platforms (PPG3); lifting-hoisting units (PTU); motor-hydraulic grab (MGK3M); fork-lift racks ZOD; complex KLT for mechanization of operations in timber yards; chain conveyors (T2Ts); cyclone bunkers; preparation of support timber (sawing units PRK, SRT); devices for packing and conveying timber, concrete and other materials; equipment for warehouses (racks UN, UP, KB) and others. The equipment is widely used in UkSSR Minugleprom stores and provides safer working conditions.

  6. Individual and Group Responses of Fourteen and Fifteen Year Olds to Short Stories, Novels, Poems, and Thematic Apperception Tests: Case Studies Based on Piagetian Genetic Epistemology and Freudian Psychoanalytic Ego Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrosky, Anthony R.

    A descriptive profile of adolescent response to literature is presented in this study, which also examines findings in terms of psychoanalytic concepts that relate response to life styles in terms of Piaget's genetic epistemology. There are two primary questions in this investigation: What is the psychological dynamic of response to literature? By…

  7. Radioinitiation of Chain Branched Reactions and its Sensitization; Amorcage sous rayonnement des reactions par ramification en chaine; sensibilisation du processus; Radiatsionnoe initsiirovanie tsennykh razvetvlennykh reaktsij i ego sensibilizatsiya; Radioiniciacion de reacciones en cadena ramificadas y medios para aumentar su sensibilidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barelko, E V; Kartashova, L I; Komarov, P N; Proskurnin, M A [Karpov Physico-Chemical Institute, Moscow, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian Federation)

    1960-07-15

    This paper describes the results of experiments by the writers with radioinitiation of chain branched reactions of the oxidation of organic compounds. The function of radiation as an initiating agent is described with reference to the oxidation of several unsaturated hydrocarbons and butanol. The reaction is self-accelerating and proceeds spontaneously after radiation has ceased. A detailed investigation was made of a process from oxidizing benzene, which has a high radiation resistance. The writers devised a method of sensitizing the radioinitiation of the oxidation of radiation-resistant substances by chemically inert but non-radiation-resistant substances. The main quantitative features of the process for the radiooxidation of benzene are stated to be the accumulation of various reaction products, and the effect of temperature, pressure, power and radiation dosage on the process of such accumulation. Information was obtained about the mechanism of the process. The design of circulating equipment is described. (author) [French] Dans ce memoire, les auteurs presentent les resultats d'une etude consacree a l'amorcage sous rayonnement de reactions, d'oxydation des composes organiques, par ramification en chaine. Ils montrent le role des rayonnements en tant qu'agents d'amorcage de la reaction, en citant comme exemples l'oxydation de certains hydrocarbures non satures et du butanol. La reaction possede un caractere d'auto-acceleration et continue spontanement lorsque l'action des rayonnements a cesse. La reaction d'oxydation du benzene a ete etudiee en detail; elle est caracterisee par la haute stabilite de la substance vis-a-vis de l'action des rayonnements. Les auteurs formulent les principes de la sensibilisation, par l'action de substances instables vis-a-vis des rayonnements de l'amorcage sous rayonnement de la reaction d'oxydation de substances stables vis-a-vis des rayonnements et chimiquement inertes. Le memoire fournit les caracteristiques quantitatives fondamentales de la reaction d'oxydation par radiolyse du benzene : accumulation des divers produits de la reaction, action de la temperature, de la pression, de la puissance et de la dose d'irradiation sur le processus d'accumulation des produits de la reaction. Quelques conclusions sont exposees sur le mecanisme de la reaction. Les auteurs decrivent la construction de l'installation qui fonctionne en circuit ferme. (author) [Spanish] Figuran en esta memoria los resultados de los trabajos efectuados por los autores sobre la radioiniciacion de las reacciones de oxidacion de compuestos organicos en cadenas ramificadas. Se demuestra el papel que desempenan las radiaciones como agente de iniciacion, tomando como ejemplo la oxidacion del butanol y de varios hidrocarburos no saturados. La reaccion tiene caracter autoacelerador y prosigue espontaneamente al cesar la irradiacion. Se ha estudiado detalladamente el proceso de oxidacion del benceno, compuesto que se caracteriza por una elevada resistencia a las radiaciones. Los autores han ideado un metodo para sensibilizar la radioiniciacion de la oxidacion de compuestos radioresistentes por sustancias quimicamente inertes, pero inestables frente a las radiaciones. En la memoria se examinan los principales factores de que depende la radiooxidacion del benceno, a saber, concentracion de los distintos productos de reaccion e influencia de la temperatura, de la presion, de la energia y de la dosis de radiacion en el proceso de acumulacion de esos productos. Los autores formulan tambien algunas conclusiones sobre el mecanismo del proceso y describen la construccion de la instalacion de circulacion. (author) [Russian] V doklade predstavleny rezul'taty issledovanij avtorov po radiatsionnomu initsiirovaniyu tsepnykh razvetvlennykh reaktsij okisleniya organicheskikh soedinenij. Na primere okisleniya nekotorykh nenasyshchennykh uglevodorodov i butanola pokazana rol' izlucheniya kak initsiiruyushchego agenta. Reaktsiya imeet avtouskoryayushchijsya kharakter i idet samoproizvol'no posle prekrashcheniya dejstviya izlucheniya. Podrobno issledovan protsess okisleniya benzola, dlya kotorogo kharakterna povyshennaya ustojchivost' k dejstviyu izlucheniya. Avtory sformulirovali printsip sensibilizatsii radiatsionnogo initsiirovaniya protsessa okisleniya radiatsionno-stojkikh veshchestv khimicheski inertnymi, radiatsionno-nestojkimi veshchestvami. Privedeny osnovnye kolichestvennye kharakteristiki protsessa radio liticheskogo okisleniya benzola : nakoplenie razlichnykh produktov reaktsii, vliyanie temperatury, davleniya, moshchnosti i dozy izlucheniya na protsess nakopleniya produktov reaktsii. Sdelany nekotorye vyvody o mekhanizme protsessa. Privedena konstruktsiya ustanovki, rabotayushchaya po tsirkulyatsionnomu sposobu. (author)

  8. 'Tshustvovalos, tshto skushno...'; 'Notsh tjazhela kak voda...'; 'Svoz malenkije mõsli progljadõvajut namnogo bolshije...'; 'Jedut mashinõ...'; 'Pozovi, pridi i ja dam tebe...'; 'V jego ruke vissel tshemodan, on szhimal ego rutshku...'; 'Litso bõ

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Hasso, 1964-

    1997-01-01

    Orig.: "Tundub, et on igav olla..."; "Öö on raske nagu vesi..."; "Läbi pisikeste mõtete paistavad paljud suuremad..."; "Autod sõidavad..."; "Kutsu, tule ja ma annan sulle..."; "Tema käe otsas oli kohver, ta pigistas selle sanga..."; "Nägu oli kõvasti paistes, aga ta tervitas..."; "Lavija mängib palli aias, kus ehtne on ebaehtne..."

  9. O esquecimento do ser no romance: a análise kunderiana dos diferentes aspectos da existência através de egos experimentais e hipóteses ontológicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heraldo Aparecido Silva

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar alguns aspectos da relação entre o romance e a filosofia a partir das ideias do romancista tcheco Milan Kundera. Primeiro, mostra que o advento dos tempos modernos pode ser atribuído não somente a Descartes, mas também a Cervantes, quando o romance recupera temas e funções esquecidos ou negligenciados pela filosofia. Finalmente, a noção de sabedoria do romance é evidenciada para se contrapor à obsessiva busca filosófica pela verdade absoluta e também para enfatizar que as transformações e possibilidades humanas mais relevantes são ocasionadas principalmente pela sensibilidade e imaginação literárias do que pela argumentação filosófica.

  10. El potencial analítico de las Redes socio-métricas y ego-centradas: una aplicación al estudio de la Cohesión-Integración de colectivos sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Lozares; Joan Miquel Verd; Oriol Barranco

    2013-01-01

    This article links different theoretical-conceptual fields, methodological perspectives and methods usually juxtaposed in sociological work. From a theoretical point of view it focuses on the idea of cohesion and integration as expressions of the distribution of resources of social Capital. in a perspective between conceptual and methodological issues it refers to the theory and analysis of social networks and also to intermediate concepts between networks, cohesion, integration and social ca...

  11. Zarys działalności neurologiczno-neurochirurgicznej w Instytucie Reumatologii w Warszawie w drugiej połowie ubiegłego wieku i dziś

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadeusz Styczyński

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Większość chorób, którymi zajmuje się reumatologia, przebiegaz bólem i/lub uszkodzeniem ośrodkowego bądź obwodowegoukładu nerwowego. Szczególnie często dotyczy to chorób kręgosłupa,zarówno zwyrodnieniowych z przepuklinami krążkówmiędzykręgowych, degeneracją stawów międzykręgowych, destabilizacjąkręgów lub stenozą kanału kręgowego, jak i choróbo podłożu immunologiczno-zapalnym (reumatoidalne zapaleniestawów, zesztywniające zapalenie stawów kręgosłupa i inne.Stwarza to szerokie pole do współpracy naukowej i klinicznejlekarzy reumatologów, neurologów, neurochirurgów i ortopedów.W założonym przed 60 laty Instytucie Reumatologii znalazło sięmiejsce także dla Kliniki Neurologicznej, która później, powprowadzeniu leczenia chirurgicznego przyjęła nazwę KlinikiSpondylo-Neurochirurgii. Zaowocowało to opublikowaniem ponad350 prac naukowo-badawczych, rozdziałów książek, skryptówi broszur popularnonaukowych. Głównym przedmiotem działalnościklinicznej było i jest leczenie zachowawcze lub chirurgicznezespołów bólowych kręgosłupa z uszkodzeniem układu nerwowego,co odpowiada zapotrzebowaniu społecznemu z uwagi nadużą zachorowalność.

  12. Zamowy białoruskie oraz inne teksty ludowego lekarowania jako dowód na przenikanie się języków i kultur na obszarze byłego Wielkiego Księstwa Litewskiego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krystyna Szcześniak

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Belorussian zamowy and other folk medicine texts as evidence for linguistic and cultural permeation in the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania This paper presents the lexical material stored in the Belorussian zamowy: names of holidays, prayers, designations of the sacred and clergy portaits, as well as names and nationalities. The documentation, coming from two sets of Belorussian zamowy (addresses given in references, shows clearly that these texts – which usually come with a classic construction, important for those telling them – preserved traces of multilingualism, different religions and dialects, as well as the information about the nationalities residing in the area. Some lexemes (or groups of lexemes mix two or three languages. What is more, it often occurs that literary language and the standard variety (Polish are mixed with Belorussian dialects, which stems from the historical circumstances the area studied. Such information could be preserved in zamowy because słowa or szepty (as they were called had strictly defined structure, and had to include certain lexemes that always came in the same pre-defined order.   Белорусские заговоры и другие тексты народного лечения как свидетельство взаимопроникновения языков на территории бывшего Великого княжества Литовского Статья представляет лексический материал, содержащийся в белoрусских заговорах, который касается названий праздников, молитв, определений изображений святых и священников, а также имен святых и национальностей. Документация, почерпнутая из двух книг белoрусских заговоров, выходные данные которых содержит перечень использованной литературы, с яркостью показала, что в данных текстах (отличающихся, как правило, классической композицией, существенной для тех, кто их произносил сохранилсь следы многоязычия, разных религий и диалектов, а также информация относительно национальности проживающих на данной территории. Некоторые лексемы (или сочетания лексем содержат следы смешения двух или даже трех языков, или общелитературного языка (польского с белoрусским диалектом, что – по мнению автора – вытекает из прошлого исследуемого пространства. В загово рах моглa сохраниться вся указаннaя информация, так как данные единицы (слова, шепоты, как их принято определять, помимо прочего отличались определенным построением и набором определенных лексем с их четкой последовательностью.

  13. Egoísmo de tres cuartillos: el sabotaje de los hacendados al tajón público de carnes en Santafé, 1798-1817

    OpenAIRE

    Sergio Mejía

    2015-01-01

    Se estudia una serie de anomalías en el abasto de carnes de Santafé de Bogotá entre 1798 y 1817, causadas por la reticencia de los hacendados a acatar la orden del virrey Mendinueta de expender sus productos en una nueva carnicería o tajón en el centro de la ciudad. Decididos a no pagar el acarreo correspondiente, y valiéndose del cabildo (del que eran dueños), estos hacendados terminaron por imponer su voluntad sobre el virrey, quien transigió con un aumento del 50 % en el precio de la carne...

  14. Early Patterns of Self-Regulation as Risk and Promotive Factors in Development: A Longitudinal Study from Childhood to Adulthood in a High-Risk Sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Causadias, José M; Salvatore, Jessica E; Sroufe, L Alan

    2012-07-01

    The present study examines two childhood markers of self-regulation, ego-control and ego-resiliency, as promotive factors for the development of global adjustment and as risk factors for the development of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems in a high-risk sample. Teachers and observers rated ego-control and ego-resiliency when participants (n = 136) were in preschool and elementary school. Ratings showed evidence for convergent and discriminant validity and stability over time. Ego-resiliency, but not ego-control, emerged as powerful predictor of adaptive functioning at age 19 and 26, as well as internalizing and externalizing problems at 16, 23, 26, and 32 years. We interpret these findings as evidence that flexibility and adaptability -measured with ego-resiliency- may reduce risk and promote successful adaptation in low-SES environments.

  15. Early Patterns of Self-Regulation as Risk and Promotive Factors in Development: A Longitudinal Study from Childhood to Adulthood in a High-Risk Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Causadias, José M.; Salvatore, Jessica E.; Sroufe, L. Alan

    2012-01-01

    The present study examines two childhood markers of self-regulation, ego-control and ego-resiliency, as promotive factors for the development of global adjustment and as risk factors for the development of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems in a high-risk sample. Teachers and observers rated ego-control and ego-resiliency when participants (n = 136) were in preschool and elementary school. Ratings showed evidence for convergent and discriminant validity and stability over time. Ego-resiliency, but not ego-control, emerged as powerful predictor of adaptive functioning at age 19 and 26, as well as internalizing and externalizing problems at 16, 23, 26, and 32 years. We interpret these findings as evidence that flexibility and adaptability -measured with ego-resiliency- may reduce risk and promote successful adaptation in low-SES environments. PMID:23155299

  16. Automatic Sample Changing System for Gamma-Ray Spectrometry; Changeur Automatique d'Echantillons Pourla Spectrometrie Gamma; Avtomaticheskaya sistema dlya smeny obraztsov pri gamma-spektrometrii; Cambiador Automatico de Muestras para Espectroscopia Gamma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamson, K. C.; Sesko, W. J.; Nicholson, G. C. [Northeastern Radiological Health Laboratory, Winchester, MA (United States)

    1965-10-15

    ha solicitado una patente, viene funcionando satisfactoriamente desde hace mas de un ano en el Northeastern Radiological Health Laboratory. Su costo total, inclusive la mano de obra, fue inferior a 2000 dolares. (author) [Russian] Obnaruzhenie prirodnyh kolichestv gamma-izluchajushhih radioizotopov v biologicheskoj srede trebuet vysokoj chuvstvitel'nosti schetnoj sistemy. Dlja togo, chtoby poluchit' dostatochno tochnye dannye, trebuetsja mnogo vremeni, ot odnogo do neskol'kih chasov. Naibolee jeffektivnoe ispol'zovanie dorogostojashhego gamma-spektrometricheskogo schetnogo oborudovanija s nizkim fonom trebuet ego nepreryvnoj raboty. Dlja jetogo neobhodimo libo postojannoe prisutstvie personala, libo nalichie polnost'ju avtomatizirovannoj sistemy, vkljuchajushhej smenu obrazcov i registraciju dannyh. Cel'ju nastojashhego doklada javljaetsja opisanie avtomatizirovannoj gamma-spektrometricheskoj schetnoj sistemy, sproektirovannoj, izgotovlennoj i rabotajushhej v radiologicheskoj laboratorii v Uinchestere, shtat Massachusets. Prisposoblenie dlja smeny obrazcov bylo sproektirovano dlja raboty v sochetanii s bol'shim stal'nym jekranirovannym kontejnerom, i dlja jetoj celi mozhno legko primenit' ljuboe imejushheesja v prodazhe prisposoblenie takogo roda s otkryvajushhejsja perednej dvercej. Prisposoblenie oborudovano takim obrazom, chtoby obrabatyvat' razlichnye obrazcy, v tom chisle biologicheskie i medicinskie. Ono sostoit iz vrashhajushhegosja lotka, rasschitannogo na shestnadcat' obrazcov, sistemy periodicheskoj krugovoj podachi dlja ustanovki obrazcov v nuzhnoe polozhenie, mehanicheskoj ruki s jelektromagnitom dlja vvedenija i vyemki obrazcov iz kontejnera i rychaga dlja otkryvanija i zakryvanija dvercy kontejnera. Sistema dlja smeny obrazcov soedinena s mnogokanal'nym analizatorom, kotoryj obespechivaet bezopasnost', preryvaja cikl v sluchae neispravnosti v ljuboj faze. Posle zadannogo vremeni scheta dannye nanosjatsja putem punshirovanija na bumazhnuju lentu i

  17. Prikladnost metode spontanog emulgiranja u izradi nanoemulzija za oftalmičku primjenu

    OpenAIRE

    Pintur, Matej

    2017-01-01

    Nanoemulzije predstavljaju relativno nov terpaijski sustav s nekoliko prednosti u usporedbi s klasičnim terpijskim oblicima. Naročito su zanimljivi kao topikalni oftalmički oblici jer omogućuju bolju apsorpciju lijeka kroz barijere oka. Pripravljeno je nekoliko nanoemulzija različitih sastava metodom spontanog emulgiranja te im je ispitana veličina čestica, indeks polidisperznosti i zeta potencijal. Najbolja svojstva pokazale su nanoemulzije kod kojih je kao surfaktant korišten Cremophor EL, ...

  18. Istraživanje mogućnosti upotrebe stabljika biljki Isatis tinctoria i Isatis buschiana kao sirovine za proizvodnju celuloze i papira

    OpenAIRE

    Comlekcioglu, Nazan; Tutus, Ahmet; Cicekler, Mustafa; Canak, Asuman; Zengin, Gulsen

    2016-01-01

    U radu su istražene mogućnosti upotrebe stabljike biljaka Isatis tinctoria i Isatis buschiana kao sirovine za proizvodnju celuloze i papira. Određeni su kemijski sastav i morfološka svojstva stabljike. Sadržaj lignina u stabljici I. tinctoria bio je 23,9 %, a u stabljici I. buschiana 19,9 %. U stabljici I. tinctoria utvrđen je udjel alfa-celuloze od 48,5 %, a u stabljici I. buschiana taj je postotak iznosio 32,9 %. Izmjereni su duljina i promjer vlakanaca, promjer pore i debljina stanične sti...

  19. Jednostavni i parcijalno-linearni regresijski modeli primijenjeni na različitim svojstvima vodenih biljnih ekstrakata

    OpenAIRE

    Jakelić, Marija

    2016-01-01

    Iako se biljni čajevi, odnosno vodeni ekstrakti samoniklog bilja koriste u ljudskoj prehrani još od davnina, njihova svojstva još uvijek nisu dovoljno istražena. Posljednjih godina sve se više istraživanja na području nutricionizma bavi proučavanjem antioksidansa, a upravo samoniklo bilje bogato je polifenolima koji čine veliku skupinu spojeva s antioksidacijskom aktivnosti. U ovom radu ispitivani su ekstrakti 6 biljaka: Gospina trava, Kadulja, Lavanda, Majčina dušica, Melisa i Neven. Provede...

  20. Usporedba antibakterijske i antigljivične učinkovitosti otopina za dezinfekciju mekih kontaktnih leća

    OpenAIRE

    Kuzman, Tomislav; Pokupec, Rajko; Kalauz, Miro; Juri, Jelena; Bujger, Zdenko; Presečki, Aleksandra

    2008-01-01

    Cilj studije bio je usporediti antibakterijska i antigljivična svojstva pet tekućina za dezinfekciju mekih kontaktnih leća. Ispitane su slijedeće tekućine: Oxysept Comfort (Advanced Medical Optics), Nitilens One Step (Avizor), Opti-Free Express (Alcon Laboratories), Complete Moisture Plus (Advanced Medical Optics) i Nitilens All-in-one (Avizor). Usporedili smo njihovu učinkovitost u dezinfekciji fiziološke otopine eksperimentalno kontaminirane slijedećim mikroorganizmima (American Type Cultur...

  1. Silylated functionalized silicon-based composite as anode with excellent cyclic performance for lithium-ion battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiao; Tian, Xiaodong; Yang, Tao; Wang, Wei; Song, Yan; Guo, Quangui; Liu, Zhanjun

    2018-05-01

    Inferior cycling stability and rate performance respectively caused by rigorous volume change and poor electrical conductivity were the main challenge of state-of-the-art Silicon-based electrode. In this work, silylated functionalized exfoliated graphite oxide (EGO)/silicon@amorphous carbon (3-APTS-EGO/Si@C) was synthesized by adopting silane as intermediate to connect Si particles with EGO sheets followed by introduction of amorphous carbon. The result suggested that 3-Aminopropyltriethoxysilan connected the EGO sheets and Si nanoparticles via covalent bonds. Owing to the strong covalent interaction and the synergistic effect between the silicon, EGO sheets and amorphous carbon, 3-APTS-EGO/Si@C composite possessed a high capacity of 774 mAh g-1 even after 450 cycles at 0.4 A g-1 with the retention capacity of 97%. This work also provided an effective strategy to improve the long cycling life performance of Si-based electrode.

  2. Fixation of Radioactive Waste in Glass. Part II. The Experimental Evaluation of Phosphate and Borosilicate Glasses; Fixation des Dechets Radioactifs dans le Verre, Deuxieme Partie: Evaluation Experimentale des Verres au Phosphate et au Borosilicate; 0424 0418 041a 0421 0410 0426 0418 042f 0420 0410 0414 0418 041e 0410 041a 0422 0418 0412 041d 042b 0425 041e 0422 0425 041e 0414 041e 0412 0412 0421 0422 0415 041a 041b 0415 . 0427 0410 0421 0422 042c Ii. 042d 041a 0421 041f 0415 0420 0418 041c 0415 041d 0422 0410 041b 042c 041d 0410 042f 041e 0426 0415 041d 041a 0410 041a 0410 0427 0415 0421 0422 0412 0424 041e 0421 0424 0410 0422 041d 042b 0425 0418 0411 041e 0420 041e 0421 0418 041b 0418 041a 0410 0422 041d 042b 0425 0421 0422 0415 041a 041e 041b ; Fijacion de Desechos Radiactivos en Vidrio, Parte II: Evaluacion Experimental de los Vidrios al Fosfato y al Borosilicato

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elliot, M. N.; Grover, J. R.; Hardwick, W. H. [Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell (United Kingdom)

    1963-02-15

    comme milieu de stockage, en les comparant aux verres au borosilicate. (author) [Spanish] El principal factor que es preciso tener en cuenta al proceder a la eleccion de un vidrio adecuado para almacenar por largos periodos desechos de productos de fision es el metodo de almacenamiento que se va a aplicar; el segundo factor es el grado de seguridad que ofrece la elaboracion del vidrio en un establecimiento de alta actividad. A su vez, los factores que interesan para el almacenamiento son la resistencia a la lixiviacion, la estabilidad termica y a las radiaciones y la proporcion de desechos que se pueden incorporar a la masa vitrea, mientras que las propiedados fisicas y quimicas de los aditivos vitrificantes, asi como el punto de fusion y la viscosidad del vidrio mismo, son factores que intervienen mas bien en el proceso de elaboracion. Los autores examinan la importancia relativa de todos estos factores. Exponen luego los resultados del estudio experimental de los vidrios al borosilicato que se han elegido para, los ensayos en instalacion piloto, incluso el efecto de dosis de radiacion hasta 10{sup 12} rad sobre sus propiedades fisicas y quimicas. Tambien examinaron vidrios de otras composiciones y compararon su posible utilidad, como medio de almacenamiento, con la de los vidrios al borosilicato. (author) [Russian] Steklo dlja dlitel'nogo hranenija othoDov, soderzhashhih produkty delenija, dolzhno vybirat'sja, vo-pervyh s uchetom predpolagaemogo metoda hranenija i , vo-vtoryh, s uchetom vozmozhnosti ego poluchenija na vysokoradioaktivnyh ustanovkah. Vazhnymi faktorami s tochki zrenija hranenija javljajutsja: stojkost' protiv vyshhelachivanjja, teplostojkost' i radiacionnaja stojkost', a takzhe predel'naja dolja vvodimyh othodov; chto zhe kasaetsja fizicheskogo haraktera i himicheskih svojstv jelementov, dobavljaemyh dlja stekloobrajeovanija, a takzhe tochki plavlenija i vjazkosti stekla, to jeti faktory kasajutsja processa izgotovlenija. Obsuzhdaetsja otnositel

  3. Asian American Adolescent Identity

    OpenAIRE

    Ohm, Julie Juhye

    1999-01-01

    The formation of ego identity in Asian American late adolescents attending Virginia Tech was examined within the frameworks of Erikson's psychosocial theory and Berry, Trimble, and Olmedo's model of acculturation. Ego identity was measured using the Achieved sub-scale of the Revised Version of the Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status, an instrument based on the theoretical constructs of Erikson. Ethnic identity was measured using the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure and America...

  4. The brain–the organ of the psychic (The lesions / the defense mechanisms)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciurea, AV

    2010-01-01

    The article is based on the Leopold Szondi theory (March 11, 1893 – January 24, 1986), who was a Hungarian psychiatrist. He is known for the psychological tool that bears his name, the Szondi test. He developed a form of depth psychology that had some prominence in Europe in the mid–20th century, but has been ignored for the most part), the study seeks to correlate the szondian test results with the imagistic ones on a wide–range pathology. In the Neurosurgery Department, patients are investigated using modern exploration methods (MRI, CTscan, and computed EEG, etc.) in order to identify possible somatic lesions. The study's subjects selected during 2000–2004 from the patients admitted and investigated for neurosurgical conditions; they were divided into two subgroups, based on whether the organic lesions were or were not present (the independent variable). The exclusion criterion was a lesion due to external causes. Statistically meaningful there are seven types of Ego profiles, in relation with the lesion: the archaic ego [0 –], the inhibited ego [– +], the adaptive ego [– –], the narcissist ego [+ +], the identified ego [+/– 0], the fugitive ego [+/– –] and the possessed ego [0 +]. The nexus in the destiny's analysis description highlights the dialectic between the Ego's functions and the drived dangers when facing the demands of the concrete reality. PMID:20945811

  5. Child maltreatment and trajectories of personality and behavioral functioning: implications for the development of personality disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jungmeen; Cicchetti, Dante; Rogosch, Fred A; Manly, Jody Todd

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the longitudinal impact of maltreatment parameters on personality processes and maladjustment and prospective relationships between personality trajectory classes and subsequent maladjustment outcomes. The sample involved maltreated (n = 249) and nonmaltreated (n = 200) children followed longitudinally between ages 6 and 10. Growth mixture modeling indicated multifinality in personality development depending on the risk status (i.e., maltreated vs. nonmaltreated). Two trajectory classes of ego resiliency were identified for maltreated children: those who showed a declining trajectory exhibited greater maladjustment. In contrast, three trajectory classes of ego control were identified for nonmaltreated children; the subgroups showing increases in ego undercontrol or dramatic changes from high ego undercontrol to high ego overcontrol exhibited poor adjustment. Experiencing multiple maltreatment subtypes and physical/sexual abuse were related to higher levels of ego undercontrol and externalizing symptomatology, whereas early onset of maltreatment was associated with the low and decreasing trajectory of ego resiliency and higher levels of internalizing symptomatology. The findings suggest that ego resiliency and ego control, personality processes related to self-regulation, may be important factors in identifying distinct pathways to later personality disorders as well as pathways to resilient functioning.

  6. [Coping with overweight strategies, self-esteem and body-esteem in the context of transactional analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bak-Sosnowska, Monika; Naworska, Beata; Owczarek, Aleksander; Chudek, Jerzy; Skrzypulec-Plinta, Violetta; Olszanecka-Glinianowicz, Magdalena

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the ego-state of obese people in terms of transactional analysis and to determine the relationship between coping with overweight strategies, Ego-structure, global self-esteem, and body self-esteem levels. One-hundred-seventy-one overweight and obese adult females were examined by a general practitioner and a specialist in obesity management. The ego-state, global self-esteem, and body self-esteem were assessed using the Ego State Questionnaire (ESQ), the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, and the Body-Esteem Scale, respectively. Participants were divided into three subgroups: A--no attempts at weight loss currently (35.1%), B--self-attempted weight loss (33.9%), C--professional obesity treatment (31.0%). Age, education level, professional status, marital status, and number of children, along with the onset of being overweight/obese were similar in all subgroups. Subgroups B and C statistically and significantly made frequent attempts at weight loss (p self-esteem, sexual attractiveness, weight concern, physical condition and ego-states were similar in all study subgroups. Structure of the Ego-states, self-esteem and body-esteem did not influence the strategies of coping with overweight. Self-esteem is related to spontaneous Ego-child and Ego-adult levels, while the sense of sexual attractiveness is affected only by Ego-spontaneous child.

  7. Annex 5 - Fabrication of U-Al alloy; Prilog 5 - Dobijanje legure U-Al

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drobnjak, Dj; Lazarevic, Dj; Mihajlovic, A [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1961-12-15

    Alloy U-Al with low content of aluminium is often used for fabrication of fuel elements because it is stable under moderate neutron flux density. Additionally this type of alloys show much better characteristics than pure uranium under reactor operating conditions (temperature, mechanical load, corrosion effect of water). This report contains the analysis of the phase diagram of U-Al alloy with low content of aluminium, applied procedure for alloying and casting with detailed description of equipment. Characteristics of the obtained alloy are described and conclusions about the experiment and procedure are presented. Sistem U-Al sa niskim sadrzajem aluminijuma jedan je od cesto koriscenih za izradu gorivnih elemenata, jer je dovoljno stabilan pri umerenim gustinama fluksa. Pored toga, u uslovima karakteristicnim za rad nuklearnog reaktora (temperatura, gradijent temperature, mehanicka naprezanja, koroziono dejstvo vode) legure ovog sistema pokazuju daleko bolja svojstva od nelegiranog urana. Referat sadrzi analizu dijagrama stanja U-Al legure sa niskim sadrzajem aluminijuma, primenjeni postupak legiranja i livenja sa opisom pojedinih uredjaja i operacija. Takodje su opisana svojstva dobijene legure i dat je zakljucak o eksperimentu i tehnici rada (author)

  8. Students' Perceptions of Motivational Climate and Enjoyment in Finnish Physical Education: A Latent Profile Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaakkola, Timo; Wang, C K John; Soini, Markus; Liukkonen, Jarmo

    2015-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify student clusters with homogenous profiles in perceptions of task- and ego-involving, autonomy, and social relatedness supporting motivational climate in school physical education. Additionally, we investigated whether different motivational climate groups differed in their enjoyment in PE. Participants of the study were 2 594 girls and 1 803 boys, aged 14-15 years. Students responded to questionnaires assessing their perception of motivational climate and enjoyment in physical education. Latent profile analyses produced a five-cluster solution labeled 1) 'low autonomy, relatedness, task, and moderate ego climate' group', 2) 'low autonomy, relatedness, and high task and ego climate, 3) 'moderate autonomy, relatedness, task and ego climate' group 4) 'high autonomy, relatedness, task, and moderate ego climate' group, and 5) 'high relatedness and task but moderate autonomy and ego climate' group. Analyses of variance showed that students in clusters 4 and 5 perceived the highest level of enjoyment whereas students in cluster 1 experienced the lowest level of enjoyment. The results showed that the students' perceptions of various motivational climates created differential levels of enjoyment in PE classes. Key pointsLatent profile analyses produced a five-cluster solution labeled 1) 'low autonomy, relatedness, task, and moderate ego climate' group', 2) 'low autonomy, relatedness, and high task and ego climate, 3) 'moderate autonomy, relatedness, task and ego climate' group 4) 'high autonomy, relatedness, task, and moderate ego climate' group, and 5) 'high relatedness and task but moderate autonomy and ego climate' group.Analyses of variance showed that clusters 4 and 5 perceived the highest level of enjoyment whereas cluster 1 experienced the lowest level of enjoyment. The results showed that the students' perceptions of motivational climate create differential levels of enjoyment in PE classes.

  9. Mechanical properties and microstructures of bio-inert layers of chrome oxide coatings eposited by the APS process / Механические характеристики и микроструктура биоинертных слоев хромоксидных покрытий, нанесенных воздушно-плазменным напылением / Mehanička svojstva i mikrostrukture bioinertnih slojeva hrom-oksidnih prevlaka deponovanih APS-procesom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihailo R. Mrdak

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Plasma spray Cr2O3 ceramic layers are used as a separate coating or as a supplement to bio-reactive organic composite ceramics Ca10(PO46(OH2-Al2O3-ZrO2-Cr2O3 and other bio-inert ceramics in composites of the types Al2O3–ZrO2–SrO–Cr2O3–Y2O3, ZrO2-TiO2-Cr2O3 and TiO2-Cr2O3 to increase the mechanical properties and resistance components of artificial joints on sliding abrasion and corrosion. This paper analyzes the influence of the plasma gun distance from the substrate on the mechanical properties and the microstructure of Cr2O3 layers deposited with the current of 40kW. The aim was to deposit layers with optimal characteristics that will enable the effective implementation of Cr2O3 layers on substrates of steel implants exposed to dry friction without lubrication and to corrosion of living tissues. The mechanical properties were tested by examining microhardness layers using the HV0.3 method and the strength was tested by tensile testing. The surface of powder particles was examined by SEM. The microstructures of layers were analyzed with the use of an optical microscope (OM and a scanning electron microscope (SEM. The test results confirmed a possibility of effective application of bio-inert layers of Cr2O3 with other ceramics intended for the production of functional implants. / Метод плазменного напыления керамических Cr2O3 покрытий применяется как самостоятельное покрытие, так и в качестве дополнения к биоактивной органической композиционной керамике Ca10(PO46(OH2-Al2O3-ZrO2-Cr2O3 и к иным биоинертным керамикам, создавая композиты типа Al2O3–ZrO2–SrO–Cr2O3– Y2O3, ZrO2-TiO2-Cr2O3 и TiO2-Cr2O3 с целью улучшения механических характеристик и повышения стойкости к износу и коррозии компонентов протеза сустава. В данной статье представлено каким образом расстояние между пистолетом для плазменного напыления и обрабатываемой поверхностью влияет на механические характеристики и микроструктуру Cr2O3 слоев покрытия, нанесенных при электоромощности 40 кВт. Цель нанесения различных слоев заключалась в определении лучших характеристик, которые обеспечат эффективное применение покрытия Cr2O3 для подложек металлических имплантатов, подверженных сухому трению без смазки, а также коррозии живых тканей. Анализ механических характеристик покрытия проведен на основании испытаний микротвердости методом HV0.3 и прочности соединений методом растяжения. Структура слоев испытана методом оптической микроскопии (ОМ, а поверхность испытана методом электронной микрографии (SEM. На основании полученных характеристик установлено, что эффективное применение биоинертных слоев Cr2O3 возможно и в сочетании с другими керамическими покрытиями, предназначенными для изготовления функциональных имплантатов. / Plazma sprej keramički slojevi Cr2O3 koriste se kao zasebna prevlaka ili kao dodatak bioreaktivnoj organskoj kompozitnoj keramici Ca10(PO46(OH2-Al2O3-ZrO2-Cr2O3 i drugim bioinertnim keramikama, praveći kompozi tipa Al2O3-ZrO2-SrO-Cr2O3-Y2O3, ZrO2-TiO2-Cr2O3 i TiO2-Cr2O3 za povećanje mehaničkih karakteristika i otpornosti komponenti veštačkog zgloba na habanje klizanjem i koroziju. U radu je analiziran uticaj odstojanja plazma pištolja od podloge na mehaničke karakteristike i mikrostrukturu Cr2O3 slojeva deponovanih sa snagom napajanja od 40 kW. Cilj rada bio je da se deponuju slojevi optimalnih karakteristika koji će omogućiti efikasnu primenu Cr2O3 slojeva na podlogama čeličnih implantata izloženih suvom trenju bez podmazivanja i koroziji živih tkiva. Ispitivanje mehaničkih karakteristika realizovano je ispitivanjem mikrotvrdoće slojeva metodom HV0.3 i čvrstoće spoja metodom na zatezanje. Izgled površine čestica praha ispitan je metodom SEM. Mikrostrukture slojeva analizirane su uz primenu optičkog mikroskopa (OM i skening elektronskog mikroskopa (SEM. Rezultati ispitivanja potvrdili su mogućnost efikasne primene bioinertnih slojeva Cr2O3 sa drugim keramikama namenjenim za izradu funkcionalnih implantata.

  10. Mehanička svojstva i mikrostruktura vakuum plazma naprskane Cr3C2 - 25(Ni20Cr prevlake / Mechanical properties and microstructure of vacuum plasma sprayed Cr3C2 – 25(Ni20Cr coatings / Механические свойства и микроструктура покрытия Cr3C2 - 25(Ni20Cr нанесенного методом вакуумного плазменного напыления

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihailo R. Mrdak

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available U radu je analizirana vakuum plazma sprej prevlaka VPS – Cr3C2 - 25(Ni20Cr. Upotrebljen je komercijalni prah oznake Sulzer Metco Woka 7205. Prah je deponovan sa plazma pištoljem F4 na odstojanju substrata od 340 mm. Glavni cilj rada bio je da se na smanjenom pritisku inertnog gasa Ar eliminiše razgradnja primarnog karbida Cr3C2 u karbid Cr23C6 koji bitno umanjuje mikrotvrdoću i mehaničke karakteristike prevlake. Prevlaka je deponovana debljine od 100 do 120 µm na čeličnom substratu. Mikrotvrdoća prevlake ispitana je metodom HV0.3. Vrednosti mikrotvrdoće bile su u rasponu od 1248 do 1342 HV0.3. Čvrstoća spoja prevlake ispitana je metodom na zatezanje. Utvrđeno je da čvrstoća spoja između substrata i prevlake ima vrednost 89 MPa. Mikrostruktura prevlake ispitana je tehnikom svetlosne mikroskopije. Struktura prevlake sastoji se od osnove NiCr legure sa dominantnom primarnom karbidnom fazom Cr3C2. Pored Cr3C2 faze prisutna je i faza Cr7C3. Nagrizanje prevlake urađeno je reagensom 1HNO3: 4HCl: 4H2O koji prvenstveno rastvara Ni da bi se videla raspodela karbidne faze u prevlaci. Nagrizanjem prevlake reagensom utvrđeno je da je u slojevima prevlake u velikom udelu prisutna primarna nerazgrađena karbidna faza Cr3C2 koja prevlaci daje visoke vrednosti mikrotvrdoće. / This paper analyzes vacuum plasma spray VPS - Cr3C2 - 25(Ni20Cr coatings. Commercial powder marked Sulzer Metco Woka 7205 is used. The powder is deposited with a plasma gun F4 at a distance of 340 mm from the substrate. The main objective of the study was to eliminate, at the reduced pressure of inert gas Ar, the degradation of primary Cr3C2 carbide into Cr23C6 carbide which significantly reduces the microhardness and mechanical properties of the coating. The coating is deposited with a thickness of 100 - 120 µm on a steel substrate. The microhardness of the coating was tested by HV0.3. The microhardness values were in the range of 1248 - 1342 HV0.3. The bond strength of the coating was tested by tension. It was found that the bond strength between the substrate and the coating has a value of 89 MPa. The microstructure of the coating was tested by the light microscopy technique. The structure of the coating consists of an NiCr alloy base with a dominant primary Cr3C2 carbide phase. In addition to the Cr3C2 phase, the Cr7C3 phase is also present. The coating etching was done with the reagent 1HNO3 : 4HCl : 4H2O that primarily dissolves nickel to enable the distribution of the carbide phase to be clearly seen in the coating. Etching the coating with this reagent revealed the presence of the largely undegraded primary Cr3C2 carbide phase which provides high hardness values to the coating. / В данной работе анализируется метод вакуумного плазменного напыления покрытия Cr3C2 - 25(Ni20Cr с использованием промышленного порошкового состава Sulzer Metco Woka 7205 при применении плазматрона F4 на расстоянии 340мм от основания. Основной целью работы является проверка утверждения, что при пониженном давлении инертного газа исключается распад первичного карбида Cr3C2 до карбида Cr23C6, который значительно снижает микротвердость и механические свойства. Покрытие толщиной 100 – 120 µm наносилось на стальное основание. Испытания покрытия на микротведость проводились по методу HV0.3. Значения показателей микротвердости находятся в промежутке 1248 - 1342 HV0.3. Испытание адгезии покрытия к основанию проводилось методом натяжения, полученное в результате испытания значение составляет 89 MPa. Изучение микроструктуры покрытия, методом световой микроскопии показало, что покрытие состоит из основного сплава NiCr с преобладанием первичной карбидной фазы Cr3C2 и присутствием фазы Cr7C3. Травление покрытия проводилось с использованием реагента 1HNO3: 4HCl: 4H2O, растворяющего в первую кочередь никель, что позволяет увидеть распределение карбидной фазы в покрытии. Травление покрытия показало, что в слое преобладает карбидная фаза Cr3C2, обеспечивающая высокое значение микротвердости покрытия.

  11. Potentiostatic activation of as-made graphene electrodes for high-rate performance in supercapacitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senthilkumar, Krishnan; Jeong, Seok; Lah, Myoung Soo; Sohn, Kee-Sun; Pyo, Myoungho

    2016-10-01

    A thermally expanded graphene oxide (EGO) electrode is electrochemically activated to simultaneously introduce electrolyte-accessible mesopores and oxygen functional groups. The former is produced via O2 evolution and the latter is incorporated by the intermediate hydroxyl radicals generated during the potentiostatic oxidation of H2O in 1 M H2SO4 at 1.2 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). When applied as a supercapacitor, the potentiostatically treated EGO (EGO-PS) shows significant enhancement in an electric-double layer (EDL) process with a noticeable Faradaic reaction and delivers high capacitance at fast charge/discharge (C/D) rates (334 F g-1 at 0.1 A g-1 and 230 F g-1 at 50 A g-1). In contrast to EGO-PS, EGO that is oxidized potentiodynamically (EGO-PD) shows negligible enhancement in EDL currents. EGO that is subjected to successive potential pulses also shows behaviors similar to EGO-PD, which indicates the importance of hydroxyl radical accumulation via a potentiostatic method for simultaneous functionalization and microstructural control of graphenes. The potentiostatic post-treatment presented here is a convenient post-treatment strategy that could be used to readily increase capacitance and simultaneously improve the high-rate performance of carbon-based electrodes.

  12. Editorial

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    journal has been aimed at introducing, and in the process reflecting on, the papers .... the ego as “a multi-headed enigma”, Pulte delves deep into the domains of ego as ... A phenomenological approach to memory. In R. S. Valle & M. King ...

  13. Flesh as communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heinrich, Falk

    2012-01-01

    , action. A correlative bond lies in communication theory as the operational difference between ego and alter-ego. This article investigates the non-semiotic intertwinement of ‘flesh’ in art perception and theory based on communication theory in performance art (body art). The thesis is that ‘flesh...

  14. Developmental pathways to preference and popularity in middle childhood

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, Y.H.M. van den; Deutz, M.H.F.; Smeekens, S.; Cillessen, A.H.N.

    2017-01-01

    This study examined the associations between children's early life experiences with parents, ego resiliency and ego undercontrol, and peer group social status in a longitudinal, multimethod study from infancy to middle childhood. Participants were 129 children (52% boys) who were followed from

  15. Developmental Pathways to Preference and Popularity in Middle Childhood

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, Yvonne H M; Deutz, Marike H F; Smeekens, Sanny; Cillessen, Antonius H N

    This study examined the associations between children's early life experiences with parents, ego resiliency and ego undercontrol, and peer group social status in a longitudinal, multimethod study from infancy to middle childhood. Participants were 129 children (52% boys) who were followed from 15

  16. Mindfulness as a Prerequisite to Effective Leadership; Exploring the Constructs That Foster Productive Use of Feedback for Professional Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Danette V.; Gregory, Jess L.

    2017-01-01

    This paper proposes a model that integrates mindfulness, ego, and mindset as filters of the information available for professional learning. The paper explores connections between mindset, ego, and mindfulness that promote or inhibit an educator's ability to use feedback for learning. A leader's commitment to creating spaces for meaningful use of…

  17. Avunculate and Fosterage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bremmer, Jan

    1976-01-01

    A survey of the Indo-European peoples shows that most of them knew an affectionate relationship of ego-mother's brother and mother's father in contrast with a more formal relationship -of ego-father and father's family. This is explained by the absence of the patria potestas for the maternal uncle

  18. Husserl, the Monad and Immortality | MacDonald | Indo-Pacific ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In an Appendix to his Analyses Concerning Passive and Active Synthesis dating from the early 1920s, Husserl makes the startling assertion that, unlike the mundane ego, the transcendental ego is immortal. The present paper argues that this claim is an ineluctable consequence of Husserl's relentless pursuit of the ever ...

  19. Psyche/Logos: Mapping the Terrains of Mind and Rhetoric.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumlin, James S.; Baumlin, Tita French

    1989-01-01

    Discusses rhetoric as mirroring psychology. Examines Aristotle's three "pisteis"--the pathetic, logical, and ethical proofs, paralleling them to Freud's id, ego, and super-ego. Explores an adequate feminine psychology and a corresponding rhetoric. Outlines two models of persuasive discourse, the rational world paradigm and the narrative…

  20. New hydride compounds of 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane and its dication with borine and tetrahydridoborate anion and products of their transformations; Novye gidridnye soedineniya 1,4-diazabitsiklo[2.2.2]oktana i ego dikationa s borinom i tetergidridoborat-anionom i produkty ikh prevrashcheniya

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shevchenko, Yu N; Yashina, N I; Markova, O Z; Trachevskij, V V

    1997-12-31

    New compounds [dabcoH{sub 2}](BH{sub 4}){sub 2}, dabco(BH{sub 3}){sub 2}2H{sub 2}, [dabco(BH{sub 3}){sub 2}H{sub 2}]{sub n} have been synthesized by means of interaction between dihydrochloride of 1,4-diazobicyclo[2.2.2] octane (dabco) and NaBH{sub 4} in the medium of nonaqueous solvents (glyme, diglyme, tetrahydrofuran, dimethylsulfoxide) and identified by the methods of element analysis, conductometry, {sup 1}H, {sup 11}B, {sup 14}N NMR, IR spectroscopy and thermal analysis. A mechanism is suggested and the conditions are defined for mutual transformations of the compounds studied. Their ability to bind reversibly molecular hydrogen has been revealed for the first time. 19 refs.; 3 figs.; 1 tab.

  1. Czy smog ma wpływ na częstość występowania zaostrzeń przewlekłego zapalenia krtani? Analiza na przykładzie mieszkańców województwa małopolskiego.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziarno, Remigiusz; Suska, Anna; Kulinowski, Wojciech; Grudzień-Ziarno, Aleksandra; Kostrzon, Magdalena; Paciorek, Magdalena; Składzień, Jacek

    2017-06-30

    Due to dynamic industrialisation smog became a frequent phenomenon in most developing cities. According to the last WHO report from Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database, Krakow has been classified in the 11th place among the most polluted cities in Europe. It seems to be an urgent issue because of the influence of air pollution on the condition of upper respiratory tract. Materials & Methods: In December 2015 there were 141 patients aged 17-91 years with upper respiratory tract diseases admitted to the phoniatric outpatient clinic in the University Hospital in Cracow. They suffered from cough, hoarseness and periodic aphonia. On the basis of the results of videolaryngostroboscopy 60 patients with exacerbation of the chronic laryngitis were selected into two numerically equal groups: from Cracow and from other places at least 60 km away. The groups were equal to each other also in three categories: sex, age and voice usage. The patients were referred to the Pedagogical University in Cracow for laryngography to evaluate the movement of the vocal folds and to trace a voice profile. Finally, there were two possible types of treatment - conventional pharmacotherapy or subterraneotherapy in the underground Health Resort in the "Wieliczka" Salt Mine. Pearson correlation coefficient between the distance from the place of residence to Cracow and the scale of exacerbation of inflammation of upper respiratory tract presenting as vocal fold dysfunction was observed (r= 0,617; p<0,05). The place of residence (in or out of the industrial area) and exacerbations of chronic laryngitis are highly correlated. Air pollution seems to be the main factor influencing on the condition of upper respiratory tract. In our local conditions of Lesser Poland Voivodeship subterraneotherapy may be an interesting, non-invasive method preventing from exacerbations of upper respiratory tract diseases.

  2. A small child’s upbringing in the first decade of the interwar period in Poland in some of the pedagogical periodicals – continuations and changes [Wychowanie małego dziecka w Polsce w pierwszej dekadzie okresu międzywojennego na łamach wybranych czasopism pedagogicznych – ciągłość i zmiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata KOZŁOWSKA

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this article was comparing some aspects of the upbringing of pre- -school children, which were described in Warsaw periodicals (like: „Bluszcz”, „Opieka nad Dzieckiem” and „Dziecko i Matka” in the interwar period with the relevant areas after the war described in magazines like: „Bluszcz”, „Wychowanie w Domu i Szkole” and „Dziecko. Czasopismo poświęcone wychowaniu domowemu i społecznemu”. There were three fields of analysis: childcare and healthcare, moral upbringing and pedagogical methods. The main differences were found in the sphere of healthcare, children’s obedience and their self-development. The changes were connected with the decreased number of children in Poland after the First World War and the new family model spreading in Western Europe.

  3. Design and Function of a Brain Scanner for Clinical Use; Etude d'un Appareil de Scintigraphy du Cerveau - Son Role Clinique; Ustrojstvo i funktsiya pribora dlya skennirovaniya mozga i ego klinicheskoe ispol'zovanie; Diseffo y Funcion de un Aparato de Exploracion del Cerebro para Uso Clinico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul, W.; Morley, T. P. [Department of Pathological Chemistry and Department of Surgery, University Of Toronto (Canada)

    1964-10-15

    Since the human brain is bilaterally symmetrical and possesses unusual resistance to many substances in the blood stream, it has been suggested that radioactive scanning for this region may be best performed with an instrument made especially for the purpose. A scanner is described which was designed to be used as a screening device for brain-tumour suspects, so that high sensitivity, simplicity of patient preparation and ease of reading and interpretation were primary requirements. Brownell's equation relating radioactivity concentration to diameter of resolution indicates that the required radioactivity per unit volume is inversely related to the sixth power of the resolution diameter. Accordingly, a maximum permissible diameter of resolution was chosen consistent with satisfactory localization of areas of increased radioactivity. Precise delineation was not required. Since the number of detected disintegrations per unit time is an inverse function of the square of distance, two detectors each with a short ''focus'' are used rather than one detector which must be made optimal for the mid-sagittal plane. The 2-in-diam. crystal and photomultiplier assemblies are mounted opposite one another on a rigid scanning frame, each fitted with a seven-hole (hexagonal) focusing collimator designed for a 1.5-cm resolution diameter and a focus 8 cm from the collimator face. The frame scans rectilinearly in the sagittal plane. The scan record is presented as an asymmetrogammagram and as separate left and right photographic two-dimensional displays. Pulses from each detector are fed to an amplifier-discriminator circuit and thence to a difference circuit which prints a left or right marker to indicate a predominance of left or right radioactivity. Pulses from each amplifier-discriminator circuit also go to count-rate meters which in turn activate lamps mounted in a light-tight housing. The two lamps, the light intensity of which is a function of activity measured by the respective detectors, are mounted on a common arm moved by Selsyn motors synchronous with Selsyn generators on the detector frame, thus permitting the use of a remotely placed recording unit. Cylindrical lenses focus the lamp sources on film, both right and left records being made simultaneously on an 11-in x 14-in X-ray film. Although the operator may adjust mean lamp current to a proper predetermined value over a wide range of count rate, a great deal of latitude is given the operator by the inclusion of three sheets of film in the cassette each providing optimum contrast for a different range of count rate. Patients are given 350 {mu}c of I{sup 131} human serum albumin after previous treatment with Lugols solution and scanning is performed between 24 and 72 h later. A single scan is usually sufficient. Scans on some patients are repeated in the antero-posterior direction. On 653 patients 789 scans were made from September 1961 to November 1962. There was a confirmed diagnosis in 109 of these patients, 88 having tumours. Twenty-three of 30 glioblastomas and 15 of 19 meningiomas were clearly located. (author) [French] Du fait de la symetrie du cerveau humain et de sa resistance particuliere a de nombreuses substances du flux sanguin, il semble que la scinti- graphie du cerveau puisse etre effectuee dans les meilleures conditions avec un appareil specialement concu a cet effet. L'auteur decrit un scintigraphe destine a verifier la presence de tumeurs du cerveau, qui repond en premier lieu aux conditions suivantes; haute sensibilite, simplicite des operations de preparation du patient et facilite de lecture et d*interpretation. La relation de Brownell entre la concentration de radioactivite et le diametre de resolution montre que la quantite de radioactivite necessaire par unite de volume est inversement proportionnelle a la sixieme puissanee du diametre de resolution. C'est pourquoi on a choisi le plus grand diametre de resolution compatible avec une localisation satisfaisante des zones de radioactivite accrue. Une delimitation precise n'etait pas necessaire. Le nombre de desintegrations detectees par unite de temps variant en fonction inverse du carre de la distance, on utilise deux detecteurs ayant chacun une courte focale, de preference a un detecteur qui doit etre regle sur le plan median du cerveau. Le detecteur a cristal de 5 cm de diametre et le photomultiplicateur sont montes l'un en face de l'autre sur un cadre rigide, chacun d'entre eux etant muni d*un collimateur a focalisation a sept canaux (hexagonal) ayant un diametre de resolution de 1.5 cm et un foyer a 8 cm de sa face anterieure. L'exploration est faite lineairement dans le plan sagittal. Le scintigramme se presente sous la forme d'un asymetrogammagramme et de representations photographiques separees, gauche et droite, a deux dimensions. Les impulsions de chaque detecteur passent dans un circuit amplificateur-discriminateur, puis dans un circuit differenciateur qui imprime un signe a gauche ou a droite pour indiquer une predominance de radioactivite a gauche ou a droite. Les impulsions sortant de chaque circuit amplificateur-discriminateur passent egalement dans des debitmetres qui, a leur tour, actionnent des lampes dans une chambre noire. Les deux lampes, dont l'intensite lumineuse est proportionnelle a l'activite mesuree par le detecteur correspondant, sont montees sur un meme support mu par des moteurs Selsyn synchronises avec des generateurs Selsyn fixes sur le cadre du detecteur, ce qui permet d'utiliser un dispositif enregistreur place a une grande distance. Des lentilles cylindriques focalisent la lumiere emise par les lampes sur un film, les enregistrements a droite et a gauche etant effectues simultanement sur un film a rayons X de 36 x 28 cm. Bien que l'operateur puisse regler le courant moyen des lampes a une valeur determinee a l'avance d'une gamme etendue de taux de comptage, il dispose d'une grande latitude grace a l'insertion dans le magasin de trois films donnant chacun le contraste optimum pour une gamme differente de taux de comptage. On administre aux patients 350 {mu}c d'albumine de serum humain marquee avec {sup 131}I, apres traitement prealable avec la solution de Lugols, et on procede a la scintigraphie apres un delai de 24 a 72 h. Normalement, un seul scintigramme est suffisant. Dans certains cas, on en fait un second dans la direction antero- posterieure. De septembre 1961 a novembre 1962, l'auteur a effectue 789 scintigrammes sur 653 patients. Dans 109 cas, le diagnostic a ete confirme, 88 patients presentant des tumeurs. L'auteur a nettement localise 23 glioblastomes sur 30, et 15 meningiomes sur 19. (author) [Spanish] Como el cerebro humano tiene una simetria bilateral y es excepcionalmente resistente a muchas de las sustancias contenidas en la corriente sanguinea, su exploracion radiactiva debe efectuarse con un instrumento especialmente concebido para este fin. El autor describe un dispositivo para la deteccion de tumores cerebrales, cuyas principales ventajas son : elevada sensibilidad, sencillez de las operaciones de preparacion del paciente y facilidad de lectura e interpretacion de los datos. La ecuacion de Brownell, que establece la relacion entre la concentracion de radiactividad y el diametro de resolucion, indica que la radiactividad necesaria por unidad de volumen es inversamente proporcional a la sexta potencia del diametro de resolucion. En consecuencia, el autor eligio un diametro maximo compatible con la localizacion satisfactoria de las regiones de mayor radiactividad, siendo posible prescindir de una delimitacion muy exacta. Como el numero de desintegraciones detectadas por unidad de tiempo varia en funcion inversa del cuadrado de la distancia, se utilizan dos detectores de 'foco' corto en lugar de un solo detector que deberia adaptarse a un valor optimo para el plano sagital medio. Los cristales de 2 pulg de diametro, unidos a sus fotomultiplicadores, estan montados frente a frente en un bastidor rigido de exploracion ; cada uno de ellos esta dotado de un colimador enfocado de siete canales hexagonales, con un diametro de resolucion de 1, 5 cm a una distancia focal de 8 cm desde su plano anterior. El aparato explora rectilineamente el plano sagital. El registro se presenta en forma de un gammagrama asimetrico y de representaciones fotograficas bidimensionales separadas para el lado izquierdo y para el lado derecho. Los impulsos procedentes de cada detector pasan a un circuito amplificador-discriminado: y, de este, a un circuito diferenciador que imprime una seflal a la derecha o a la izquierda para indicar el predominio de la radiactividad en uno u otro de estos dos lados. Los impulsos procedentes de cada circuito amplificador-discriminador pasan tambien a integradores de impulsos que encienden lamparas montadas en una camara oscura. Las dos lamparas, cuya intensidad luminosa es funcion de la actividad medida por los respectivos detectores, estan montadas en un mismo brazo movido por motores sincronicos Selsyn, con generadores Selsyn montados sobre el bastidor del detector, lo que permite utilizar un dispositivo de registro situado a distancia. Varios lentes cilindricos enfocan la luz de las lamparas sobre pelicula radiografica de 11 x 14 pulg, obteniendose simultaneamente un registro del lado derecho y del izquierdo. El operador puede ajustar la intensidad media de la corriente que circula por la lampara a un valor previamente determinado en un amplio intervalo de intensidad de recuento, pero dispone de un vasto margen de trabajo, ya que puede introducir en el cargador tres peliculas, cada una de las cuales posee un contraste optimo para una gama diferente de intensidad de recuento. Entre 24 y 72 h antes de efectuar la exploracion se administran a los pacientes 350 {mu}c de seroalbumina humana marcada con {sup 131}I despues de un tratamiento con solucion de Lugol. Una sola exploracion suele ser suficiente. En ciertos casos la exploracion se repite en direccion anteroposterior. Entre septiembre de 1961 y noviembre de 1962 se efectuaron 789 exploraciones en 653 pacientes. Para 109 de ellos el diagnostico se confirmo: 88 tenian tumores. De 30 glioblastomas, se localizaron claramente23; de 19 meningiomas se localizaron 15. (author) [Russian] Tak kak mozg cheloveka obladaet dvustoronnej simmetriej i neobychnoj soprotivljaemost'ju v otnoshenii mnogih veshhestv, soderzhashhihsja v krovi, predpolagaetsja, chto radioaktivnoe skennirovanie jetoj oblasti luchshe vsego osushhestvljat' s pomoshh'ju special'nogo pribora. Daetsja opisanie skennera. prednaznachennogo dlja vyjavlenija bol'nyh s predpolagaemymi opuholjami mozga. Poi jetom osnovnymi trebovanijami k priboru javljalis' vysokaja chuvstvitel'nost', prostota podgotovki pacienta, chtenija i interpretacii dannyh. V uravnenii Braunella o sootnoshenii mezhdu koncentraciej radioaktivnosti i diametrom razreshenija ukazyvaetsja, chto uroven' neobhodimoj radioaktivnosti na edinicu ob{sup e}ma obratno proporcionalen shestoj stepeni diametra razreshenija. Sootvetstvenno maksimal'no dopustimyj diametr razreshenija vybiralsja v zavisimosti ot udovletvoritel'noj lokalizacii oblastej s povyshennoj radioaktivnost'ju. Tochnyh konturov ne trebovalos'.1 Poskol'ku kolichestvo obnaruzhivaemyh raspadov na edinicu vremeni predstavljaet soboj obratnuju funkciju kvadrata rasstojanija, celesoobraznee ispol'zovat' dva detektora s korotkim {sup f}okusom{sup ,} a ne odin detektor, kotoryj dolzhen byt' optimal'nym v sredne-sagit- tal'noj ploskosti. Kristallicheskaja sborka diametrom 5 sm i fotoumnozhitel'naja sborka montirujutsja drug protiv druga v zhestkoj sheme skennirovanija, prichem kazhdaja sborka snabzhaetsja fokusirujushhim kollimatorom s sem'ju otverstijami ( v geksagonal'nom porjadke), prednaznachennym dlja poluchenija diametra razreshenija 1,5 sm i fokusa na rasstojanii 8 sm ot poverhnosti kollimatora. Skennirovanie vedetsja prjamolinejno v sagittal'noj ploskosti. Skennogrammy predstavljajutsja v vide asimetrogammagramm i razdel'nyh levogo i pravogo fotograficheskih dvuhrazmernyh izobrazhenij. Impul'sy ot kazhdogo detektora podajutsja na kontur usilitel'-diskriminator i zatem na differencial'nyj kontur, kotoryj pechataet levuju ili pravuju otmetki s cel'ju pokaza preobladanija koncentracii radioaktivnosti sleva ili sprava. Impul'sy ot kazhdogo kontura usiljtel'-diskriminator podajutsja takzhe na pereschetnye ustrojstva, kotorye v svoju ochered' vozbuzhdajut lampy, ustanovlennye v svetonepronicaemom pomeshhenii. Dve lampy, intensivnost' sveta kotooyh poedstavljaet soboj Funkciju aktivnosti, izmerennoj sootvetstvujushhimi detektorami, montirujutsja na obshhej podstavke, peredvigaemoj s pomoshh'ju dvigatelej Sel'sina v sisteme detektora sinhronno s generatorami Sel'sina, tem samym davaja vozmozhnost' primenjat' ustanovlennuju na rasstojanii registrirujushhuju ustanovku. Cilindricheskie linzy fokusirujut lampovye istochniki na plenku, pri jetom registracija kak sprava, tak i sleva osushhestvljaetsja odnovremenno na rentgenovskoj plenke razmerom 28 ch 36 sm. Hotja operator mozhet ustanovit' sootvetstvujushhuju predvaritel'no opredelennuju velichinu srednej sily toka lampy v shirokom diapazone skorosti scheta, operatoru predostavljaetsja bol'shaja svoboda v svjazi s nalichiem v kassete treh plenok, kazhdaja iz kotoryh obespechivaet optimal'nuju kontrastnost' v razlichnom diapazone skorosti scheta. Pacientam vvodilis' 350 mkjuri joda-131 s syvorotochnym al'buminom cheloveka posle predvaritel'noj obrabotki rastvorom Ljugolja. Skennirovanie osushhestvljalos' cherez 24 - 72 chasa. Obychno bylo dostatochno poluchenija odnoj skennogrammy. U nekotoryh pacientov skennogrammy snimalis' povtorno v peredne-zadnem napravlenii. V period s sentjabrja 1961 goda po nojabr' 1962 goda u 653 pacientov bylo snjato 789sken- nogramm. U 109 pacientov iz jetogo chisla diagnoz podtverdilsja, u 88 pacientov byli obnaruzheny opuholi. Byla ustanovlena lokalizacija 23 iz 30 glioblastom i 15 iz 19 meningiom. (author)

  4. El potencial analítico de las Redes socio-métricas y ego-centradas : una aplicación al estudio de la Cohesión-Integración de Colectivos sociales = The analytical potential of social-metric and self-centered Networks : an application to the study of C

    OpenAIRE

    Lozares, Carlos; Verd, Joan Miquel; Barranco, Oriol

    2013-01-01

    Este artículo vincula diferentes campos teórico-conceptuales, perspectivas metodológicas y métodos habitualmente yuxtapuestos en el quehacer sociológico. desde el punto de vista teórico se centra en las ideas de Cohesión e integración como expresi

  5. Studies on the Relationship of Organ Size and Scanning Picture; Etudes sur la Relation entre les Dimensions de l'Organe et le Scintigramme; Izuchenie sootvetstviya razmera organa i izobrazheniya ego na skennogramme; Estudios sobre la Relacion entre las Dimensiones de un Organo y el Centelleograma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolf, R.; Fischer, J. [Institute for Clinical Radiology and I. Medical Clinic and Policlinic, University of Mainz, Federal Republic of Germany (Germany)

    1964-10-15

    The quantitative relationship between scintigram area and cross-section of the organ under investigation has, up to now, been studied only in connection with determinations of the volume of the thyroid gland. In such measurements the accuracy of depiction is in many ways dependent on the equipment used, collimator, background cut-off, scan speed etc. Yagan et al. have introduced a method for determining the size of the liver which utilizes a variable cut-off. For organs such as the thyroid gland and the kidney it is of interest to establish a clear correlation between the X-ray picture or the palpation findings and accumulating and non-accumulating tissue. It is important to know precisely the size relationships, for example, in scintigraphy of the cardio-vascular blood pools. With an organ such as the spleen which may rapidly be altered in size in various diseases the exactitude of the scintigraphic depiction is of decisive importance. For this reason a series of phantom studies was made to determine the accuracy of the scintigraphic depiction under various conditions. The models used were made of plastic and could be filled with radioactive solutions. The investigations were carried out in air and in water and the effects of changes in concentration of the radioisotopes, as well as of various parameters such as collimator-object distance, cut-off, contrast enhancement, scanning speed, channel width of the spectrometer and the depth of the absorbing water mass over the organ, were studied. A Picker ''Magnascanner'' was used with two different collimators, 19-hole honeycomb collimator and a 31-hole honeycomb fine-focus collimator. The latter was used only for the thyroid gland. The results show that the accuracy of the depiction when using the fine-focus collimator is very sensitive to changes in the distance from collimator to object. When using a 19-hole collimator on the other hand the distance is not of great importance. It is advantageous to work with the same maximal pulse rate as far as possible when comparing sizes. By retaining the same fixed relationships between channel width of the spectrometer, cut-off, pulse rate and scanning speed, a faithful depiction is obtained for large organs such as the spleen. (author) [French] On n'a etudie jusqu'a present la relation quantitative entre la surface du scintigramme et la coupe de l'organe examine qu'a l'occasion de determinations du volume de la thyroiede. Dans des mesures de ce genre, la precision de la description depend a de nombreux egards du materiel utilise: collimateur, ecran contre le bruit de fond, vitesse d'exploration, etc. Pour determiner les dimensions du foie, Yagan et d'autres ont introduit une methode utilisant un ecran variable. Pour des organes tels que la thyroiede et les reins, il y a interet a etablir une correlation nette entre l'image formee par les rayons X ou les donnees de la palpation et le tissu qui fixe ou ne fixe pas le radioisotope. Il importe de connaitre de facon precise les rapports de dimensions, par exemple, dans la scintigraphie des reservoirs de sang cardio-vasculaire. Dans le cas d'un organe comme la rate, dont les dimensions peuvent changer rapidement dans diverses maladies, l'exactitude du scintigramme a une importance decisive. Pour cette raison, on a procede a une serie d'etudes sur des fantomes pour determiner l'exactitude du scintigramme dans diverses conditions. Les fantomes utilises etaient en matiere plastique et pouvaient contenir des solutions radioactives. Les experiences ont ete faites dans l'air et dans l'eau; on a etudie les effets des variations de la concentration des radioisotopes, ainsi que les effets de divers parametres: distance du collimateur au sujet, ecran, renforcement du contraste, vitesse d'exploration, largeur du canal du spectrometre et epaisseur de la masse d'eau absorbante au-dessus de l'organe. On a utilise un 'Magnascanner' de la societe Picker, avec deux collimateurs differents: un collimateur alveolaire a 19 trous et un collimateur alveolaire a 31 trous ayant une faible distance focale. Ce dernier n'a servi que pour la thyroiede. Les resultats montrent que l'exactitude du scintigramme depend fortement de la distance du collimateur au sujet lorsqu'on utilise le collimateur a faible distance focale. En revanche, cette distance ne presente pas une grande importance avec le collimateur a 19 trous. Lorsqu'on compare les dimensions, il y a avantage a operer avec le meme nombre maximum d'impulsions. En maintenant les memes rapports fixes entre la largeur du canal du spectrometre, l'ecran, le nombre d'impulsions et la vitesse d'exploration, on obtient un scintigramme fidele pour de gros organes tels que la rate. (author) [Spanish] Hasta la fecha la relacion cuantitativa entre el area del centelleograma y la seccion transversal del organo investigado solo ha sido estudiada al determinar el volumen de la tiroides. En esas mediciones la exactitud de la representacion depende de diversos factores relacionados con el equipo y el colimador utilizados, la supresion de la actividad de fondo, la velocidad de exploracion, etc. Para determinar el tamaflo del higado, Yagan y sus colaboradores han ideado un metodo en el que se recurre a una supresion variable de la actividad de fondo. Para ciertos organos como la tiroides y los rinones, conviene establecer una neta correlacion entre la radiografia o los resultados obtenidos por palpacion y la masa de tejido que ha fijado radioisotopos. Es importante conocer exactamente las relaciones de tamano al efectuar, por ejemplo, la centelleografia de la masa sanguinea del corazon y de los grandes vasos. Cuando se trata de un organo como el bazo cuyo tamaflo puede modificarse rapidamente como consecuencia de distintas enfermedades, la exactitud de la representacion centelleografica es de importancia capital. Por esta tazon, los autores han efectuado una serie de estudios con organos simulados para determinar la exactitud de dicha representacion en diversas condiciones. Para ello han utilizado modelos de material plas- / tico que pueden llenarse de soluciones radiactivas. Las investigaciones se han realizado en el aire y en el agua, y se han estudiado los efectos que ejercen sobre el organo ios cambios de concentracion de los radioisotopos, asi como varios parametros, por ejemplo: la distancia entre el colimador y el objeto, la supresion de la actividad de fondo, el aumento del contraste, la velocidad de exploracion, la amplitud del canal del espectrometro y la profundidad de la masa de agua absorbente situada encima del organo. Para esas investigaciones se ha empleado un ' Magnascanner' Picker con dos colimadores diferentes : un colimador alveolar de 19 canales, y otro de 31 canales de elevado poder de resolucion. Este ultimo solo se ha utilizado para estudios de la tiroides. Los resultados obtenidos demuestran que la exactitud de la representacion centelleografica cuando se utiliza un colimador de elevado poder de resolucion depende mucho de las variaciones de la distancia entre el colimador y el objeto. En cambio, cuando se utiliza un colimador de 19 canales la distancia no es un factor muy importante. En la medida de lo posible, al comparar los tamanos conviene trabajar con el mismo indice maximo de recuento. Si se mantienen las mismas relaciones fijadas entre la amplitud del canal del espectrometro, el grado de supresion de la actividad de fondo, el indice de recuento y la velocidad de exploracion, se obtienen centelleogramas fieles de organos de grandes dimensiones como el bazo. (author) [Russian] Kolichestvennaja vzaimosvjaz' mezhdu oblast'ju scintigrammy i poperechnym sech eniem i s sl ed u em o go organa do nastojashhego vremeni izuchalas' tol'ko v svjazi s o p r ed e lenijami ob{sup e}ma shhitovidnoj zhelezy. Pri takih izmerenijah tochnost' opredelenija vo mnogi h sluchajah zavisit ot ispol'zuemogo oborudovanija, kollimatora, ustranenija fona, skorosti razvertkiitd. Jagan s sotrudnikami razrabotal novyj metod opredelenija razmera pecheni s ispol'zovaniem razlichnyh porogov propuskanija. Dlja takih organov, kak shhitovidnaja zh eleza i pochki, predstavljaet interes ustanovit' chetkoe sootvetstvie s rentgenov skim snimkom ili rezul'tatami pal'pacii i akkumulirujushhej i neakkumulirujushhej tkan'ju. Vazhno tochno ustanovit' razmer jet o g o sootnoshenija, naprimer, pri scintigrafii krovjanyh depo s erdechnososudistoj sistemy. Chto k asaet sja takogo organa, kak s elezenka, razmery kotoroj mogut bystro menjat'sja pri razlichnyh zabolevanijah, to tochnost' scintigraficheskogo izobrazhenija imeet reshajushhee znachenie. S jetoj cel'ju byla provedena celaja serija issledovanij na fantome dlja opredelenija tochnosti scintigraficheskogo izobrazhenija pri razlichnyh uslovijah. Ispol'zovavshiesja modeli byli izgotovleny iz plastika i mogli zapolnjat'sja radioaktivnymi rastvorami. Issledovanija provodilis' na otkrytom vozduheipod vodoj; izuchalis' rezul' taty izmerenija u koncentracii radioizotopov, a takzhe takie parametry, kak rasstojanie ot ob{sup e}kta do kollimatora, granica propuskanija, kontrastnoe uvelichenie, skorost' razvertki, prolet kanalov spektrometra i glubina vodnoj absorbirujushhej massy vokrug organa. Ispol'zovalsja ''Magnaskenner'' firmy Pikker s dvumja razlichnymi kollimatorami, kollimator s 19 jachejkami i kollimator s tonkoj fokusirovkoj, imejushhej 31 jachejku. Poslednij ispol'zovalsja tol'ko dlja shhitovidnoj zhelezy. Rezul'taty pokazali, chto tochnost' izobrazhenija pri ispol'zovanii kollimatora s tochnoj fokusirovkoj zavisit ot izmenenij rasstojanija ot kollimatorad o ob{sup e}kta. S drugoj storony, pri ispol'zovanii kollimatora s 19 jachejkami rasstojanie ne imeet bol'shogo zn a chenija. Kogda sverjajutsja razmery, luchshe v sego rabotat' pri odnoj i toj zhe maksimal'noj cha st o tepovtorenija impul'sov, naskol'ko jeto vo zm ozhno. Pri sobljudenii fiksirovannogo sootnoshenija mezhdu shirinoj kanala spektrometra, porogom propuskanija, chastotoj impul'sov i skorost'ju razvertki poluchajut tochnoe i zo br a zhenie takih krupnyh organov, kakselezenka. (author)

  6. Technical Developments in the USAEC Process Radiation Development Program; Etudes technologiques dans le cadre du programme de mise au point d'applications industrielles des rayonnements de la CEA-EU; Issledovaniya v oblasti promyshlennogo primeneniya izluchenij, vkhodyashchie v programmu komissii po atomnoj ehnergii USAEC; Progresos tecnicos en el programa de la USAEC para el fomento de la irradiacion industrial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machurek, J. E.; Stein, M. H. [Division of Isotopes Development, USAEC, Washington, DC (United States)

    1963-11-15

    ispol'zovanie ioniziruyushchikh izluchenij v promyshlennosti. Provedeno chetyrnadtsat' takikh issledovanij, rezul'taty nekotorykh iz nikh izlozheny v obshchikh chertakh v dannoj rabote, ostal'nye izlagayutsya bolee podrobno - v drugikh stat'yakh trudov. Temy issledovanij vklyuchayut: 1. Prigotovlenie kombinatsij derevo-plastik, ispol'zuya gamma-izluchenie dlya indutsirovaniya polimerizatsii. 2. Ispol'zovanie beta-izlucheniya produktov deleniya dlya gidrogenizatsii uglya, i ego produktov s tsel'yu polucheniya zhidkogo uglevodorodnogo topliva. 3. Poluchenie poluprovodnikovykh priborov s formirovaniem zadannogo prostranstvennogo raspredeleniya primesej v zavisimosti ot legirovaniya putem nejtronnykh prevrashchenij. 4. Vyzvannaya izlucheniem polimerizatsiya ehtilena i sopolimerov. 5. Osnovnye issledovaniya mekhanizmov i kinetiki reaktsij, vyzvannykh izlucheniem. 6. Radiatsionno-khimicheskie protsessy pri ftorirovanii razlichnykh aromaticheskikh soedinenij. 7. Ispol'zovanie polifunktsional'nykh monomerov dlya intensifikatsii radiatsionnogo sshivaniya poliehtilena, polipropilena, poliizobutilena i atsetattsellyulozy. 8. Vliyanie nabukhaniya, deformatsii i temperatury na fizicheskie i khimicheskie svojstva polimerov, poluchennykh s pomoshch'yu radiatsii. 9. Vliyanie strukturnykh faktorov na radiatsionnye izmeneniya v polimerakh, privodyashchie k graftsopolimerizatsii. 10. Ispol'zovanie yadernykh izluchenij dlya modifikatstsii tekstil'nykh materialov. 11. Reaktsii, vyzvannye izlucheniem kriptona-85. 12. Podgotovka ''Spravochnika po radiatsii''. 13. Ispol'zovanie metalloorganicheskoj svyazi dlya gamma-dozimetrii pri bol'shikh moshchnostyakh dozy. 14. Razrabotka dozimetra s solnechnym ehlementom. (author)

  7. Relationships among goal orientations, motivational climate and flow in adolescent athletes: differences by gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Murcia, Juan Antonio; Cervelló Gimeno, Eduardo; González-Cutre Coll, David

    2008-05-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationships among perceived motivational climate, individuals' goal orientations, and dispositional flow, with attention to possible gender differences. A sample of 413 young athletes, ages 12 to 16 years, completed the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2) and Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ), as well as the Dispositional Flow Scale. Task orientation was positively and significantly related to a perceived task-involving motivational climate and to the disposition to experience flow in the sport. Ego orientation was positively and significantly associated with a perceived ego-involving motivational climate and with dispositional flow. The perceptions of task-involving and ego-involving motivational climates were positively and significantly linked to general dispositional flow. Multiple regression analysis indicated that both task and ego goal orientations and perceived task- and ego-oriented climates predicted dispositional flow. Males displayed a stronger ego orientation, and were more likely to report that they participated in an ego-oriented climate, than did females. To the contrary, the females were more likely to perceive a task-oriented climate than did the males. No meaningful differences were found between males and females in general dispositional flow.

  8. EXAMINING ADULT’S IDENTITY STATUSES: ADAPTIVE VS. MALADAPTIVE DIMENSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maia Mestvirishvili

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available To achieve the status of ego identity remains the most important challenge for the adolescence period and consequently is a challenge for developmental psychologists too. The vast majority of studies focus on understanding the dynamics of ego identity development, however, factors that cause different path of development remained unclear. This study aims at tracking the paths, which differentiate ego statuses from finding psychosocial factors contributing to ego identity achievement. For this purpose the relationships between four identity statuses - achievement, exploration, moratorium and foreclosure and number of psychosocial variables such as attachment style, self-esteem and perfectionism have been examined. 386 school teenagers aged 14-17 (M = 15.48 filled a set of questionnaires comprised of four instruments: The Ego Identity Process Questionnaire (EIPQ, The Measure of Attachment Qualities (MAQ, The Perfectionism Inventory (PI and Adult Sources of Self-Esteem Inventory (ASSEI. Discriminant analysis revealed two basic dimensions (adaptive and maladaptive, which are capable to depict the difference between ego identity statuses. The first discriminant function of ego identity status is primarily defined by conscientious perfectionism and secured attachment; whereas, the second discriminant function consists of avoidance attachment, self-evaluative perfectionism and ambivalent attachment styles.

  9. A network approach to leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lewis, Jenny; Ricard, Lykke Margot

    Leaders’ ego-networks within an organization are pivotal as focal points that point to other organizational factors such as innovation capacity and leadership effectiveness. The aim of the paper is to provide a framework for exploring leaders’ ego-networks within the boundary of an organization. We...... a survey of senior administrators and politicians from Copenhagen municipality, we examine strategic information networks. Whole network analysis is used first to identify important individuals on the basis of centrality measures. The ego-networks of these individuals are then analysed to examine...

  10. 道元による自己の思索

    OpenAIRE

    松田, 央; Hiroshi, MATSUDA

    2004-01-01

    Dogen is the founder of Japanese Sotoshu, a sort of Zen Buddhism. He is as excellent a religious thinker as ever lived not only in Japanese religious history but also in the world religious history. He has sought his original self by thinking of his self and also aimed to grow out of his awareness of the self, his ego. Here self is distinguished from ego. Contemporary people are lost in a maze named the ego, and suffer and struggle in this space. Dogen is a great master who teaches the way ho...

  11. MULTIPLE PERSONALITY: CASE REPORT STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloš Židanik

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Background. Multiple personality disorder is characterised by splited individual ego-states and splited professional community arguing whether this disorder actually exists or not.Methods. In this case report study a supportive psychodynamic psychotherapy of a patient with multiple personality disorder is presented, that lasted for 4.5 years and resulted in ego-reintegration.Conclusions. The spliting between different ego-states is powered by unneutralised aggression with the possibility of hetero- and autoaggressive behaviour. Therefore the patient in the analytically oriented psychotherapeutic process is at high risk and a safe therapeutic (e. g. in-patient setting has to be provided.

  12. Plaadid / Mirjam Tally

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tally, Mirjam, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest "Mirjam Tally", Jennifer Love Hewitt "Barenaked", Sam "Being Under The Influence", Slade "Cum On Let's Party", The Dandy Warhols "Welcome To The Monkey House", Audio Bullys "Ego War"

  13. Pop / Erik Morna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morna, Erik, 1969-

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Swayzak "Dirty Dancing", De La Soul "Best Of", David Sylvian "Blemish", Evanescence "Fallen", Macy Gray "The Trouble With Being Myself", Audio Bullys "Ego War", Eesti Raadio laululapsed "Maasikad. Reinuvaderi ja Karuoti laulud"

  14. Getting to why? Contemplative practice as reflection on intentionality

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-08-31

    Aug 31, 2015 ... reflection may be facilitated by contemplative practices such as mindfulness and ... something else, liked, disliked, or called good or bad by the phantom self, the ego. ..... meta-cognition, and finally the release of attentional.

  15. An African hermeneutic reading of Luke 9:18–22 in relation to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-03-04

    Mar 4, 2013 ... This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. General ..... It also projects the clergy's ego at the expense of Christ's identity. ... Failure to .... Firstly, leadership success between the clergy and the elders.

  16. The effects of goal involvement on moral behavior in an experimentally manipulated competitive setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sage, Luke; Kavussanu, Maria

    2007-04-01

    In this experiment we examined the effects of task and ego involvement on three measures of moral behavior--prosocial choice, observed prosocial behavior, and observed antisocial behavior--in a competitive setting. We also investigated sex differences in moral behavior. Male (n = 48) and female (n = 48) college students were randomly assigned to a task-involving, an ego-involving, or a control condition. Participants played two 10-min games of table soccer and completed measures of prosocial choice, goal involvement, goal orientation, and demographics. The two games were recorded, and frequencies of prosocial and antisocial behavior were coded. Players assigned to the task-involving condition were higher in prosocial choice than those in the ego-involving or control conditions. Individuals in the ego-involving condition displayed more antisocial behaviors than those in the task-involving or control conditions. Finally, females displayed more prosocial behaviors than males.

  17. COMMUNITY MEDICINE & PRIMARY HEALTH CARE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ajiboro

    did not statistically affect it. (p>0.05). Conclusion ... and irritability) with concomitant memory .... associated with other health related effects though believe that it will affect the self- image and ego of .... attitude toward andropause among health.

  18. Corporate environmental strategy and responsiveness to external stakeholders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schrama, Geerten

    1997-01-01

    Paper to be presented at the 13th EGOS Colloquium "Organisational Responses to Radical Environmental Changes", Budapest University of Economic Sciences, Budapest, July 3-5, 1997. Sub-theme 6: Responses to the Environmental Challenge in Organisation Studies.

  19. Self-regulation and personality: how interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumeister, Roy F; Gailliot, Matthew; DeWall, C Nathan; Oaten, Megan

    2006-12-01

    Self-regulation is a highly adaptive, distinctively human trait that enables people to override and alter their responses, including changing themselves so as to live up to social and other standards. Recent evidence indicates that self-regulation often consumes a limited resource, akin to energy or strength, thereby creating a temporary state of ego depletion. This article summarizes recent evidence indicating that regular exercises in self-regulation can produce broad improvements in self-regulation (like strengthening a muscle), making people less vulnerable to ego depletion. Furthermore, it shows that ego depletion moderates the effects of many traits on behavior, particularly such that wide differences in socially disapproved motivations produce greater differences in behavior when ego depletion weakens the customary inner restraints.

  20. Attributional Communication, Situational Involvement, Self-Esteem and Interpersonal Attraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Charles R.

    1973-01-01

    Two experiments were conducted which assumed that persons with extremely high or low self-esteem would be more defensive than moderate self-esteem persons when receiving ego-threatening communication. (Editor)

  1. Kolm, keda miski ei seo / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Arvustus: Jõerüüt, Jaak. Uus raamat : [luuletused]. Tallinn : Tuum, 2004 ; Maiste, Juhan. In Arcadia ego : [luuletused]. Tallinn : J. Maiste, 2004 ; Essa, Maario. Kellegi teise muru : debüütluulekogu. Tallinn : SE & JS, 2004 ;

  2. Achievement Goal Theory and disordered eating: Relationships between female gymnasts’ goal orientations, perceived motivational climate and disordered eating correlates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Bruin, A.P.; Bakker, F.C.; Oudejans, R.R.D.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To examine the relationships between disordered eating in female gymnasts and dancers and their perspective towards achievement in sport and dance, respectively. With an emphasis on outperforming others (ego involvement), more disordered eating was expected than when personal progress

  3. Supporting the self-regulatory resource: does conscious self-regulation incidentally prime nonconscious support processes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorris, Derek C

    2009-11-01

    Ego-depletion (depletion of self-regulatory strength) can impair conscious efforts at self-regulation. Research into nonconscious self-regulation has demonstrated that preconscious automaticity and implementation intentions can automatically carry out regulatory tasks during times of ego-depletion. However, preconscious automaticity can only emerge during well-practiced tasks while implementation intentions can only support tasks that have been explicitly planned. Thus, when it comes to supporting the conscious self-regulation of nonroutine and unplanned behaviour during times of ego-depletion these processes should be ineffective. However, it is argued here that because the conscious self-regulation of nonroutine and unplanned behaviour can incidentally prime the underlying mental representations those primed representations can be postconsciously re-activated to support that behaviour during times of ego-depletion. Postconscious self-regulation might, therefore, support a type of self-regulatory behaviour that has, thus far, not been associated with any form of support.

  4. The Lozanov Method for Accelerating the Learning of Foreign Languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanton, H. E.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses the Lozanov Method of teaching foreign languages developed by Lozanov in Bulgaria. This method (also known as Suggestopedia) uses various techniques such as physical relaxation exercises, mental concentration, classical music, and ego-enhancing suggestions. (CFM)

  5. Laenukasv tõstis Hansa Capitali kasumit 80% / Kaja Koovit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koovit, Kaja, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    Laenunõudluse suurenemise tulemusena teenis EGO kaarti pakkuv Hansa Capital Grupp (HCG) mullu 395 mln krooni puhaskasumit. Tänavu oodatakse suurimat kasvu Läti ja Leedu liisingu- ja faktooringuturul. Tabel: Hansa Capitali majandusnäitajad paranevad

  6. 'BIG, HARD and UP!' A healthy creed for men to live by? | van der ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The social construction of reality is influenced extensively by the mass media. Commercialised images of masculinity, including discourses to interpret it, are ... extensive power over men – especially over their self-images, passions, and egos.

  7. Values Clarification: Your Job or Mine?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGough, Kris

    1977-01-01

    The author criticizes values clarification techniques done without parental consent in non-elective courses because they invade privacy, lead to ethical relativism, and have the potential to damage children's ego-strength. (Author/AV)

  8. Upgrade and interpersonal skills training at American Airlines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estridge, W. W.; Mansfield, J. L.

    1980-01-01

    Segments of the interpersonal skills training audio visual program are presented. The program was developed to train customer contact personnel with specific emphasis on transactional analysis in customer treatment. Concepts of transactional analysis are summarized in terms of the make up of the personality, identified as the three ego states. These ego states are identified as the parent, the adult, and the child. Synopses of four of the tape programs are given.

  9. Om alleen te reis: ’n Lacaniaanse ondersoek – aantekeninge tydens ’n reis deur Frans-Kanada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Hambidge

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay represents the splintered ego in Lacanian terms. A trip through French Canada is the backdrop for Lacanian theories, internet representations of Lacan and films on paranoia. The writing ego being disillusioned with Lacanian thinking readdresses writing through poetry. Representations of the Titanic – viewed in the Halifax museum – is a metaphor for the writer eternally under siege and travelling through (misrepresentations.

  10. Il gioco dei ruoli. Avanguardia e tradizione in Mein Herz e Der Malik di Else Lasker-Schüler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moira Paleari

    2014-04-01

    being inspired by her artistic and intellectual world (The berlin Bohème: Mein Herz (1912 and Der Malik (1919. In particular, I will deal with two elements, which are important in the representation of the Ego and in the construction of a language imagery: 1 The choice of the epistolary style; 2 the interaction between the roles played by the "Writing Ego" and by the surrounding characters.

  11. 男子青年の自我発達

    OpenAIRE

    佐々木, 正宏

    1982-01-01

    This study is based on the theory and measurement technique of ego development proposed by Loevinger The purposes of this study were as follows; -to investigate the age-developmental trend, and to describe the manifestations of ego development, through the construction of the scoring manual for male adolescents. -to discuss some problems for future exploration. Their stages increased with age. They were classified at lower stages than female adolescents. Moreover, their stage characteristics ...

  12. Individual needs and charismatic promises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gay, V P

    1980-03-01

    Using psychoanalytic theory, the author explains how a woman came to devote herself to a man's group that conceived of itself as the New Kingdom of God. He refers to notes from counseling sessions with the woman, Jane, and to excerpts from the book,T, which is an autobiography of the group's leader, Thomas. The author compares their ego profiles as measured on ego assessment scales and argues that this allows us to see how Thomas gained his charismatic status.

  13. Shape transition of state density for bosonic systems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... while the shape of the state density for EGOE(2) with m ≫ 2, is close to Gaussian. The change in shape of the state density, from semicircle to Gaussian for EGOE(k), as m increases from k to m ≫ k for fermions, has been explained mathematically by Mon and French [4] and also by Benet. Pramana – J. Phys., Vol. 81, No.

  14. LEKSIKON KEKERABATAN ETNIK MELAYU PALEMBANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmat Muhidin

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This is research aims to identity and classify the kinship lexicon then explain the role and meaning in Palembang Malay greetings. The research used descriptive method. The technique used was ethnographical interview Palembang Malay ethnic in communicating either in nuclear family based on matchmaking or bloodline (offspring. That research result showed that the role and meaning of lexicon kinship dislayed that the people considered as close relatitive are family. Family relation is both consanguine and afinal. It is categorized into ego aligned, over ego, and below ego.   ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menjelaskan identitas dan mengklasifikasi leksikon kekerabatan dengan menjabarkan peran dan makna sapaan bahasa Melayu Palembang. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif. Teknik pengambilan data dengan menggunakan wawancara yang berkaitan secara etnografi. Hasil kajian leksikon kekerabatan bahasa Melayu Palembang di Kota Palembang adalah sebagai berikut: Etnik Melayu Palembang dalam berkomunikasi pada keluarga inti (keluarga batih berdasarkan pada pertalian darah dan hubungan karena perkawinan. Kategori hubungan itu dapat dikelompokkan menjadi: hubungan sejajar ego/pribadi, di atas ego, dan di bawah ego.

  15. Breaking the solid ground of common sense: undoing "structure" with Michael Balint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonomi, Carlo

    2003-09-01

    Balint's great merit was to question what, in the classical perspective, was assumed as a prerequisite for analysis and thus located beyond analysis: the maturity of the ego. A fundamental premise of his work was Ferenczi's distrust for the structural model, which praised the maturity of the ego and its verbal, social, and adaptive abilities. Ferenczi's view of ego maturation as a trauma derivative was strikingly different from the theories of all other psychoanalytic schools and seems to be responsible for Balint's understanding of regression as a sort of inverted process that enables the undoing of the sheltering structures of the mature mind. Balint's understanding of the relation between mature ego and regression diverged not only from the ego psychologists, who emphasized the idea of therapeutic alliance, but also from most of the authors who embraced the object-relational view, like Klein (who considered regression a manifestation of the patient's craving for oral gratification), Fairbairn (who gave up the notion of regression), and Guntrip (who viewed regression as a schizoid phenomenon related to the ego weakness). According to Balint, the clinical appearance of a regression would "depend also on the way the regression is recognized, is accepted, and is responded to by the analyst." In this respect, his position was close to Winnicott's reformulation of the therapeutic action. Yet, the work of Balint reflects the persuasion that the progressive fluidification of the solid structure could be enabled only by the analyst's capacity for becoming himself or herself [unsolid].

  16. Motivational climate, goal orientation, perceived sport ability, and enjoyment within Finnish junior ice hockey players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaakkola, T; Ntoumanis, N; Liukkonen, J

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relations among situational motivational climate, dispositional approach and avoidance achievement goals, perceived sport ability, and enjoyment in Finnish male junior ice hockey players. The sample comprised 265 junior B-level male players with a mean age of 17.03 years (SD = 0.63). Players filled questionnaires tapping their perceptions of coach motivational climate, achievement goals, perceived sport ability, and enjoyment. For the statistical analysis, players were divided into high and low perceived sport ability groups. Multigroup structural equation modeling (SEM) revealed an indirect path from task-involving motivational climate via task-approach goal to enjoyment. Additionally, SEM demonstrated four other direct associations, which existed in both perceived ability groups: from ego-involving motivational climate to ego-approach and ego-avoidance goals; from ego-approach goal to ego-avoidance goal; and from task-avoidance goal to ego-avoidance goal. Additionally, in the high perceived sport ability group, there was an association from task-involving motivational climate to enjoyment. The results of this study reveal that motivational climate emphasizing effort, personal development and improvement, and achievement goal mastering tasks are significant elements of enjoyment in junior ice hockey. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Change of I-V characteristics of SiC diodes upon reactor irradiation; Modification des caracteristiques I-V de jonctions p-n au SiC du fait d'une irradiation dans un reacteur; Izmeneniya kharakteristik I-V vyrashchennogo v SiC perekhoda tipa p-n posle oblucheniya ego v reaktore; Modificaciones que sufren por irradiacion en un reactor las caracteristicas I-V de uniones p-n en SiC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heerschap, M; De Coninck, R [Solid State Physics Dept., SCK-CEN, Mol (Belgium)

    1962-04-15

    In search for semiconductors, which can be used in high-flux reactors in order to measure flux distributions, we irradiated SiC p-n junctions in the Belgium BR-1 reactor. Two types of SiC-diodes of different origin have been irradiated. These junctions are grown in the Lely-furnace. The change in forward and reverse characteristics have been measured during and after irradiation up to temperatures of 150{sup o}C, while measurements up to a temperature of 500{sup o}C are in progress. It has been found that one type resists BR-1 neutrons up to an integrated flux of 10{sup 15} n/cm{sup 2}, while the other resists irradiation up to a flux of 10{sup 17} n/cm{sup 2}. The changes in characteristics are given as well as the result of some annealing experiments. (author) [French] En recherchant des semi-conducteurs pouvant servir a mesurer les distributions de flux dans les reacteurs a haut flux de neutrons, les auteurs ont irradie des jonctions p-n au SiC dans le reacteur belge BR-1. Deux types de diodes a SiC d'origines differentes ont ete ainsi irradies. Les jonctions en question sont preparees par etirage dans le four Lely. Les auteurs ont mesure les modifications subies par les caracteristiques I-V apres et pendant l'irradiation a des temperatures allant jusqu'a 150{sup o}C; ils poursuivent leurs mesures dans la gamme des temperatures allant de 150{sup o}C a 500{sup o}C. Us ont constate que l'un des types de diode a SiC resiste aux neutrons du reacteur BR-1 jusqu'a 10{sup 15} n/cm{sup 2}, tandis que l'autre type resiste a l'irradiation jusqu'a 10{sup 17} n/cm{sup 2}. Les auteurs indiquent les modifications subies par les caracteristiques, ainsi que le resultat de certaines experiences de recuit. (author) [Spanish] Los autores estan tratando de encontrar semiconductores con los que sea posible medir distribuciones de flujo en reactores de flujo elevado, y con este fin irradiaron uniones p-n del SiC en el reactor BR-1 de Belgica. Irradiaron dos tipos de diodos de SiC de distintas procedencias. Las uniones se obtuvieron en el horno de Lely. Midieron las caracteristicas directa e inversa durante la irradiacion, y despues de esta, hasta la temperatura de 150{sup o}C. Se estan realizando mediciones hasta 500{sup o}C. Han encontrado que uno de los tipos de diodo es resistente a los neutrones del BR-1 hasta un flujo integrado de 10{sup 15} neutrones/cm{sup 2}, mientras que el otro soporta hasta 10{sup 17} neutrones/cm{sup 2}. La memoria indica los cambios de las caracteristicas, asi como los resultados de algunos experimentos de recocido. (author) [Russian] V poiskakh poluprovodnikov, kotorye mogli by byt' ispol'zovany v reaktorakh s vysokoj plotnost'yu nejtronnogo potoka dlya izmereniya raspredeleniya potokov, my obluchali v bel'gijskom reaktore BR-1 perekhody tipa p-n v SiC. Byli oblucheny dva tipa diodov SiC razlichnogo proiskhozhdeniya. EHti perekhody vyrashchivayutsya v pechi Loli. Izmeneniya pryamoj i obratnoj kharakteristik byli izmereny posle i vo vremya oblucheniya vplot' do temperatury 150{sup o}C; v nastoyashchee vremya proizvodyatsya izmereniya vplot' do temperatury 500{sup o}C. Bylo ustanovleno, chto odin tip dioda vyderzhivaet nejtronnoe obluchenie reaktora BR-1 vplot' do integrirovannogo potoka 10{sup 15} nejtronov na kv. sm, togda kak drugoj tip vyderzhivaet obluchenie vplot' do potoka 10{sup 17} nejtronov na kv. sm. Dayutsya izmeneniya kharakteristik, a takzhe rezul'taty nekotorykh ehksperimentov otzhiga. (author)

  18. Properties of the ZrO2MgO/MgZrO3NiCr/NiCr triple-layer thermal barrier coating deposited by the atmospheric plasma spray process / Характеристики трехслойных термобарьерных покрытий ZrO2MgO/ MgZrO3NiCr/ NiCr, нанесенных воздушно-плазменным напылением / Svojstva troslojne termo barijerne prevlake ZrO2MgO/ MgZrO3NiCr/ NiCr deponovane atmosferskim plazma sprej procesom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihailo R. Mrdak

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of the examinations of TBC - ZrO2MgO / MgZrO3NiCr / NiCr thermal barrier layers deposited by the plasma spray process at the atmospheric pressure on substrates of Al alloys. In order to obtain the structural and mechanical properties of layers, which will provide a good heat and abrasion protection of the tail elevators of aircraft J-22 when firing '.Lightning' and 'Thunder' rockets, the deposition of three powder types was performed on 0.6 mm thick Al alloy substrates. This study describes a procedure of using triple-layer TBC coatings as a good combination among many available ones, which gives a good compromise between thermal protection and resistance to abrasion for protecting aircraft tail elevators. The study is mainly based on the experimental approach. The evaluation of the mechanical properties of layers was done by the examination of microhardness by method HV0.3 and bond strength on the tensile machine. The structure of layers was examined by the method of light microscopy while the surface of ZrO2MgO ceramic layers was examined by the method of scanning electron microscopy (SEM.The thermal protection of TBC layers and resistance to abrasion were tested in the tunnel of the Military Technical Institute, Zarkovo. The obtained characteristics of the surface layers and the rocket firing simulations have proven the triple-layer system of TBC coatings reliable. / В данной статье представлены результаты испытаний термобарьерных покрытий ТБС ZrO2MgO/MgZrO3NiCr/NiCr, нанесенных воздушно-плазменным напылением при атмосферном давлении на субстраты сплавов Al. Испытания проводились с целью получения структурных и механических характеристик слоев, обеспечивающих качественную и абразивную защиту задних крыльев самолета J-22 при выпуске ракет, а также от грома и молний. Нанесено напыление трех типов порошков на субстраты сплавов Al, толщиной 0,6мм. В данном исследовании представлен метод применения трехслойного ТБС покрытия, которое обладает лучшими защитными свойствами, когда речь идет о термоизоляции и защите от абразивного износа задних крыльев самолета. Анализ механических характеристик покрытия проведен на основании испытаний микротвердости методом HV0.3 и прочности соединений методом растяжения. Структура слоев испытана методом оптической микроскопии, а поверхность ZrO2MgO испытана методом электронной микрографии (SEM. Испытания теплоизоляционных ТБС слоев и сопротивления абразивному износу были проведены в аэродинамической трубе Военно-технического института Жарково. На основании полученных характеристик поверхности слоев и моделирования выпуска ракет, можно утверждать, что трехслойные системы ТБС являются надежным способом покрытия. / U radu su prikazani rezultati ispitivanja termobarijernih slojeva TBC - ZrO2MgO/MgZrO3NiCr/NiCr koji su deponovani plazma sprej procesom na atmosferskom pritisku na substratima od legure Al. Radi dobijanja strukturnih i mehaničkih osobina slojeva, koji će obezbediti dobru toplotnu i abrazivnu zaštitu zadnjim krilima aviona J-22 pri ispaljivanju raketa munje i groma, izvršena je depozicija tri tipa praha na substratima od legure Al debljine 0,6 mm. Ova studija opisuje postupak korišćenja troslojne TBC prevlake kao izbor dobre kombinacije od mnogo raspoloživih mogućnosti, koja predstavlja kompromis između toplotne zaštite i otpornosti na abraziju za zaštitu zadnjih krila aviona. Studija se, uglavnom, zasniva na eksperimentalnom pristupu. Procena mehaničkih osobina slojeva urađena je ispitivanjem mikrotvrdoće metodom HV0.3 i čvrstoće spoja ispitivanjem na zatezanje. Struktura slojeva ispitana je metodom svetlosne mikroskopije i površina ZrO2MgO keramičkih slojeva metodom skenirajuće elektronske mikroskopije (SEM. Toplotna zaštita TBC slojeva i otpornost na abraziju ispitana je u tunelu Vojnotehničkog instituta iz Žarkova. Na osnovu dobijenih karakteristika površinskih slojeva i simuliranja ispaljivanja rakete, troslojni sistem TBC prevlake pokazao se pouzdanim.

  19. Interesting Developments in UO{sub 2} Technology; Progres interessants dans la technologie du bioxyde d'uranium; Interesnye usovershenstvovaniya tekhnologii UO{sub 2}; Recientes progresos en la tecnologia del UO{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robertson, J. A.L. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Chalk River, Ontario (Canada)

    1963-11-15

    permitiran determinar si las nuevas formas de combustible pueden ofrecer alguna ventaja economica. Mientras tanto, el continuo perfeccionamiento de las barras combustibles de UO{sub 2} sinterizado en geometrias simples dara lugar a una renida competencia. (author) [Russian] Sejchas, kogda neskol'ko reaktorov, v kotorykh toplivom sluzhit UO{sub 2}, nakhodyatsya v postoyannoj ehkspluatatsii, khoroshie radiatsionnye -svojstva UO{sub 2} ne nuzhdayutsya v dokazatel'stve. Priyatno uznavat' o tom, chto vazhnye usovershenstvovaniya eshche poyavlyayutsya. Naibolee znachitel'nom za poslednee vremya yavilos' otkrytie sotrudnikami istituta Behttely ochen' vysokoj teploprovodnosti otdel'nogo odinochnogo kristalla UO{sub 2} pri povyshennykh temperaturakh. Provedennoe v svyazi s raskhozhdeniem mnenij po ehtomu voprosu obluchenie v Chok-Rivere pokazalo, chto bol'shie zerna, obrazuyushchiesya v rabotavshikh toplivnykh ehlementakh, ne obyazatel'no obladayut ehtoj povyshennoj provodimost'yu. Ehksperimenty nashej laboratorii pokazali, chto povyshenie imeet mesto tol'ko v podstekhiometricheskikh soedineniyakh i malo zavisit, esli voobshche zavisit, ot otsutstviya granits zeren. Bezuslovno, vysokaya provodimost' mozhet byt' poluchena v polikristallicheskikh spekshikhsya materialakh putem regulirovaniya stekhiometrii. Davno izvestno, chto udlinenie obolochki mozhno umen'shit', esli izgotovit' tabletki ieh UO{sub 2} s uglubleniyami na tortsovykh poverkhnostyakh. Pozzhe bylo pokazano, chto smeshcheniyu topliva v pustoe prostranstvo v kontse trubki s tabletkami meshaet diametral'noe rasshirenie topliva i ego mekhanicheskoe vzaimodejstvie s obolochkoj. Samym bol'shim dostizheniem v otnoshenii svedeniya k minimumu rasshireniya obolochki yavilos' uyasnenie togo, chto prodol'noe, i diametral'noe rasshireniya vzaimosvyazany cherez posredstvo ob{sup e}mnogo rasshireniya topliva, goryachaya serdtsevina kotorogo dovol'no plastichna. Rasshirilis' nashi prakticheskie znaniya faktorov, opredelyayushchikh

  20. Fission-Fragment Angular, Energy, and Mass Division Correlations for the U{sup 234} (d, Pf) Reaction; Correlation des Angles, des energies et des Masses pour les Fragments de Fission Produits par la Reaction {sup 234}U(d, pf); K 041e 0420 0420 0415 041b 042f 0426 0418 042f 041c 0415 0416 0414 0423 0420 0410 0421 041f 0420 0415 0414 0415 041b 0415 041d 0418 0415 041c 041e 0421 K 041e 041b K 041e 0412 0414 0415 041b 0415 041d 0418 042f 041f 041e 0423 0413 041b 0423 , 041f 041e 042d 041d 0415 0420 0413 0418 0418 0418 041f 041e 041c 0410 0421 0421 0415 0412 0420 0415 0417 0423 041b 042c 0422 0410 0422 0415 0420 0415 0410 K 0426 0418 0419 (d, pf) 0423 0420 0410 041d 0410 -234; Correlaciones Entre la Distribucion Angular, la Energia y la Division Masica de los Fragmentos en la Reaccion {sup 234}U (d, pf)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vandenbosch, R. [University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Unik, J. P.; Huizenga, J. R. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1965-07-15

    pruebas de que les propiedades del punto de estrangulacion influyen sobre la division final de las masas. El promedio de la energia cinetica total liberada en la fision varia en menos del 0,5% para los distintos canales observados en el punto de estrangulacion. Tambien se ha estudiado la variacion de la energia cinetica total en funcion de la razon masica. (author) [Russian] Delenie slozhnogo jadra urana-235 pri priblizhenii k porogu ego delenija izuchalos' pri pomoshhi reakcii (d, pf) urana-234. V celjah odnovremennoj registracii dlja kazhdogo sovpadajushhego sobytija dvuh kineticheskih jenergij oskolkov delenija i jenergij protona byl ispol'zovan trehparametrovyj analizator. Jenergija vozbuzhdenija, pri kotoroj proishodit delenie, opredeljaetsja kineticheskoj jenergiej sryva protona. Izmenenie uglovoj anizotropii v zavisimosti ot jenergii vozbuzhdenija ukazyvaet na znachitel'no bol'shuju zavisimost' ot struktury, chem jeto bylo polucheno Lamfirom dlja togo zhe jadra v rezul'tate bombardirovki urana-234 bystrymi nejtronami. V sedlovine nabljudalos' po men'shej mere vosem' kanalov delenija dlja intervala jenergii mezhdu porogom i 2 Mjev svyshe poroga. Dlja bolee znachitel'nyh deformacij, bolee tochno opisyvajushhih konfiguraciju sedloviny, oyli prodelany raschety tipa nilssona dlja jenergii odinochnoj chasticy dlja deformirovannogo jadra. Sostojanija odinochnoj chasticy, vyjavlennye Lamfirom, sovmestimy s podschitannymi sostojanijami, priolizhajushhimisja k poverhnosti Fermi dlja ogranichennyh deformacij sedloviny. Glavnoj prichinoj dlja provedenija jetogo jeksperimenta bylo stremlenie izyskat' vozmozhnuju korreljaciju mezhdu asimmetriej massy i uglovoj anizotropiej. Vyhody massy, poluchennye' iz korrelirovannyh jenergij oskolkov, ne ukazyvajut na izmenenie anizotropii v zavisimosti ot massovogo sootnoshenija v protivopolozhnost' jeksperimentam, v kotoryh jenergija vozbuzhdenija, pri kotoroj proishodit delenie, ne javljaetsja postojannoj, i pri kotoroj nabljudalas

  1. Three visits to eternity: Freud, Wiesel, and Patient X.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, S S

    1986-01-01

    Freud's experience on the Acropolis is reviewed and reappraised. Also, the experience of Elie Wiesel at the Wall in Jerusalem and Patient X's reaction visiting an Egyptian temple are examined. Carl Jung's wish to go to Rome and his inability to do so are noted. The aim of the paper is to offer deeper understanding about intense reactions many sensitive and creative people experience over travel to special places. These places are treated as idealized and ambivalently loved transference objects. Normal anticipatory pleasure prior to the trip is impaired and reality pleasure at the site cannot be enjoyed. When these spots are reached, ego regression is initiated by the intolerably intense narcissistic pleasure mobilized by the gratification of fantasies that were felt to be unrealizable. The fantasies can be conscious or unconscious and from oedipal as well as preoedipal and postoedipal developmental levels; however, they always involve the fulfillment of overwhelmingly powerful wishes. The deep ego regression, archaic fantasies, and the complex defenses mobilized are frightening since there may also be concern about ego dissolution or irreversible transformation. One highly adaptive solution which helps master these conflictual and developmental experiences is creative ego activity. While maintaining integrity for the individual ego and enhancing the self, creative work and accomplishment also enrich and advance the cultural process.

  2. Avaliação da orientação motivacional de metas na modalidade do futebol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius Barroso Hirota

    2013-07-01

    O presente trabalho objetivou avaliar e comparar a orientação motivacional de meta para tarefa e ego de alunos pertencentes a dois ambientes esportivos distintos de futebol, uma Escola de Esporte Privada e uma Organização Não Governamental (ONG, ambos localizados na Cidade de Osasco - SP. Através de uma pesquisa descritiva aplicamos a escala TEOSQ, a uma amostra de 196 sujeitos de ambos os sexos de idade entre 7 e 17 anos (média 11,16+2,09 e os dados foram tratados com o calculo do Coeficiente Alfa, média, desvio padrão, mediana e comparadas as médias com o teste de Mann Whitney. Os resultados mostraram estabilidade no instrumento com Alfa de 0,78 para tarefa e 0,68 de ego na escola de esporte com média de 4,28 de tarefa e 2,40 de ego, já a ONG o Alfa de tarefa foi 0,60 e 0,74 de ego com média de tarefa de 4,40 e ego 2,75. Concluímos a tendência de orientação para tarefa com alunos predispostos a se superarem constantemente, e a fidedignidade do instrumento

  3. Persistence of social signatures in human communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saramäki, Jari; Leicht, E A; López, Eduardo; Roberts, Sam G B; Reed-Tsochas, Felix; Dunbar, Robin I M

    2014-01-21

    The social network maintained by a focal individual, or ego, is intrinsically dynamic and typically exhibits some turnover in membership over time as personal circumstances change. However, the consequences of such changes on the distribution of an ego's network ties are not well understood. Here we use a unique 18-mo dataset that combines mobile phone calls and survey data to track changes in the ego networks and communication patterns of students making the transition from school to university or work. Our analysis reveals that individuals display a distinctive and robust social signature, captured by how interactions are distributed across different alters. Notably, for a given ego, these social signatures tend to persist over time, despite considerable turnover in the identity of alters in the ego network. Thus, as new network members are added, some old network members either are replaced or receive fewer calls, preserving the overall distribution of calls across network members. This is likely to reflect the consequences of finite resources such as the time available for communication, the cognitive and emotional effort required to sustain close relationships, and the ability to make emotional investments.

  4. Anche una nave alla fonda viaggia... - Anchored ships also travel...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Luigi Palmisano

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available When travelling, reflections and considerations – more or less structured – are about being “elsewhere”. The subject finds himself physically, socially and politically in this “elsewhere” as an Ego and finds or maybe finds again another Ego, other Ego each of them being still the subject’s own but different from the previous. The structure of travelling is transition and the transitive structure of the Ego also comes to the fore. It is anyway a transition which stimulates reflections, a transition which complicates the Ego. Travelling is therefore the art of complicating the everyday life in order to reach the unexpected. Just as philosophy. But the relation between travelling and philosophy is still deeper: travelling is the praxis of philosophy. The encounter with the “Other” becomes an opportunity to communicate between Seienden which constitute themselves as such actually through the encounter. It is an encounter between men which does not exclude the encounter with Divinity.

  5. Congenital blindness limits allocentric to egocentric switching ability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruggiero, Gennaro; Ruotolo, Francesco; Iachini, Tina

    2018-03-01

    Many everyday spatial activities require the cooperation or switching between egocentric (subject-to-object) and allocentric (object-to-object) spatial representations. The literature on blind people has reported that the lack of vision (congenital blindness) may limit the capacity to represent allocentric spatial information. However, research has mainly focused on the selective involvement of egocentric or allocentric representations, not the switching between them. Here we investigated the effect of visual deprivation on the ability to switch between spatial frames of reference. To this aim, congenitally blind (long-term visual deprivation), blindfolded sighted (temporary visual deprivation) and sighted (full visual availability) participants were compared on the Ego-Allo switching task. This task assessed the capacity to verbally judge the relative distances between memorized stimuli in switching (from egocentric-to-allocentric: Ego-Allo; from allocentric-to-egocentric: Allo-Ego) and non-switching (only-egocentric: Ego-Ego; only-allocentric: Allo-Allo) conditions. Results showed a difficulty in congenitally blind participants when switching from allocentric to egocentric representations, not when the first anchor point was egocentric. In line with previous results, a deficit in processing allocentric representations in non-switching conditions also emerged. These findings suggest that the allocentric deficit in congenital blindness may determine a difficulty in simultaneously maintaining and combining different spatial representations. This deficit alters the capacity to switch between reference frames specifically when the first anchor point is external and not body-centered.

  6. [Characteristics of social supportive network serving the older female sex workers in Qingdao].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Y Q; Li, Y F; Jiang, Z X; Zhang, X J; Yuan, X; Zhang, N; Li, X F; Jiang, B F

    2016-02-01

    To overview the status of social support on older female sex workers (OFSWs) in Qingdao and to better understand the characteristics of this egocentric social support networks. Ucinet 6 software was used to analyze the characteristics of egocentric social networks which involving 400 OFSWs who were recruited by respondent-driven sampling (RDS) method in Qingdao during March 2014 to June. Structural equation model (SEM) was used for data analysis, fitted test and estimation. A total of 400 OFSWs of Qingdao nominated 1 617 social supportive members, and the average size of egocentric social networks of OFSWs was (4.0 ± 1.5). Among all the alter egos (social support network members of the egos), 613 were female sex workers fellows, accounted for the most important part of all the social ties (37.91%). Characteristics of small size and non-relative relationships were seen more obviously among OFSWs with non-local registration and the ratings of emotional support (4.42±2.38) was significantly lower than the tangible support (5.73 ± 1.69) (Psocial support from friends who were also female sex workers. Stronger the joint strength between egos and alters, greater the homogeneity between the two was seen. Tighter relations among the alter egos, higher degree of average social support of the egos were acquired.

  7. Herbig-haro objects and mid-infrared outflows in the VELA C molecular cloud

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Miaomiao; Wang, Hongchi; Henning, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    We have performed a deep [S II] λλ6717/6731 wide field Herbig-Haro (HH) object survey toward the Vela C molecular cloud with a sky coverage of about 2 deg 2 . In total, 18 new HH objects, HH 1090-1107, are discovered and the two previously known HH objects, HH 73-74, are also detected in our [S II] images. We also present an investigation of mid-infrared outflows in the Vela C molecular cloud using the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer images taken from AllWISE data release. Using the method suggested by Zhang and Wang, 11 extended green objects (EGOs) are identified to be the mid-infrared outflows, including 6 new mid-infrared outflows that have not been detected previously at other wavelengths and 5 mid-infrared counterparts of the HH objects detected in this work. Using the AllWISE Source Catalog and the source classification scheme suggested by Koenig et al., we have identified 56 young stellar object (YSO) candidates in the Vela C molecular cloud. The possible driving sources of the HH objects and EGOs are discussed based on the morphology of HH objects and EGOs and the locations of HH objects, EGOs and YSO candidates. Finally we associate 12 HH objects and 5 EGOs with 10 YSOs and YSO candidates. The median length of the outflows in Vela C is 0.35 pc and the outflows seem to be oriented randomly.

  8. Preparation of Impervious Pyrolytic Carbon Coatings and Application to Dispersed Fuels; Preparation de revetements de carbone pyrolytique etanches - applications aux combustibles disperses; Prigotovlenie nepronitsaemogo uglerodnogo piroliticheskogo pokrytiya dlya dispergirovannogo topliva; Preparacion de revestimientos estancos de carbono piroutico: aplicacion a los combustibles nucleares dispersos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auriol, A.; David, C. [Battelle Memorial Institute, Geneve (Switzerland); Fillatre, A.; Kurka, G.; Le Boulbin, E.; Rappeneau, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique (France)

    1963-11-15

    A method of depositing pyrolytic carbon, which adheres well to a graphite support and is gas-tight, was developed and the physical properties of the deposit were evaluated. The fluidized bed technique was used in applying this method of coating to fissile granules of uranium oxide and uranium carbide. After explaining the conditions for coating the granules, the authors examined their macrostructure, microstructure and permeability. Their behaviour at high temperature was investigated with a view to using them in a reactor. (author) [French] Une methode de deposition de carbone pyrolydque adherant bien au graphite support et etanche aux gaz a ete mise au point. Les proprietes physiques du depot ont ete evaluees. Cette methode de revetement a ete transposee a des granules fissiles d'oxyde et de carbure d'uranium en utilisant la technique du lit fluidise. Apres avoir precise les conditions de revetement de ces granules, on etudie leur macrostructure, leur microstructure, ainsi que leur permeabilite. Le comportement de ces granules a haute temperature a ete examine en vue de leur utilisation eventuelle dans un reacteur. (author) [Spanish] Los autores han elaborado un metodo para depositar carbono pirolitico que se adhiere fuertemente al soporte de grafito y es estanco a los gases. Han determinado las propiedades de dicho deposito. Este metodo de revestimiento fue aplicado a granulos fisionables de oxido y de carburo de uranio, utilizando la tecnica del lecho fluidificado. Despues de determinar las condiciones en que se efectua el revestimiento de esos granulos, los autores estudiaron su macroestructura y su microestructura, asi como su permeabilidad. Examinaron tambien su comportamiento a temperatura elevada, con miras a utilizarlos oportunamente en los reactores. (author) [Russian] Razrabotan metod osazhdeniya piroliticheskogo ugleroda, khorosho pokryvayushchego grafitovuyu osnovu s polucheniem nepronitsaemogo dlya gazov pokrytiya. Otseneny fizicheskie svojstva

  9. Sentiment Polarization and Balance among Users in Online Social Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillmann, Robert; Trier, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    Communication within online social network applications enables users to express and share sentiments electronically. Existing studies examined the existence or distribution of sentiments in online communication at a general level or in small-observed groups. Our paper extends this research...... by analyzing sentiment exchange within social networks from an ego-network perspective. We draw from research on social influence and social attachment to develop theories of node polarization, balance effects and sentiment mirroring within communication dyads. Our empirical analysis covers a multitude...... of social networks in which the sentiment valence of all messages was determined. Subsequently we studied ego-networks of focal actors (ego) and their immediate contacts. Results support our theories and indicate that actors develop polarized sentiments towards individual peers but keep sentiment in balance...

  10. A theory upon origin of implicit musical language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    József P. Vas

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The author suggests that the origin of musicality is implied in an implicit musical language every human being possesses in uterus due to a resonance and attunement with prenatal environment, mainly the mother. It is emphasized that ego-development and evolving implicit musical language can be regarded as parallel processes. To support this idea a lot of examples of musical representations are demonstrated by the author. Music is viewed as a tone of ego-functioning involving the musical representations of bodily and visceral senses, cross-modal perception, unity of sense of self, individual fate of ego, and tripolar and bipolar musical coping codes. Finally, a special form of music therapy is shown to illustrate how can implicit musical language be transformed into explicit language by virtue of participants’ spontaneity, creativity, and playfulness.

  11. Relationships between cooperation and goal orientation among male professional and semi-professional team athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lameiras, João; Almeida, Pedro L; Garcia-Mas, Alexandre

    2014-12-01

    In team sports, athletes' goals may focus on the task (enhancing performance, developing better skills, etc.) or on ego (being better than the others, achieving superiority, etc.). This study investigated the relationships between athletes' goal orientation and their tendency to cooperate with teammates and coaches. 158 professional men (M age = 24.1 yr., SD = 4.6) who played on various sport teams participated in this study. Goal orientation was measured with the Portuguese version of the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire, and cooperation was measured with the Questionário de Cooperação Desportiva. Cooperation was positively correlated with task orientation, and negatively correlated with ego orientation. Overall, the findings support that in sports, directing the players' focus on task may promote prosocial behavior.

  12. A Theory Upon Origin of Implicit Musical Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vas József, P

    2015-11-30

    The author suggests that the origin of musicality is implied in an implicit musical language every human being possesses in uterus due to a resonance and attunement with prenatal environment, mainly the mother. It is emphasized that ego-development and evolving implicit musical language can be regarded as parallel processes. To support this idea a lot of examples of musical representations are demonstrated by the author. Music is viewed as a tone of ego-functioning involving the musical representations of bodily and visceral senses, cross-modal perception, unity of sense of self, individual fate of ego, and tripolar and bipolar musical coping codes. Finally, a special form of music therapy is shown to illustrate how can implicit musical language be transformed into explicit language by virtue of participants' spontaneity, creativity, and playfulness.

  13. Do pedophiles have a weaker identity structure compared with nonsexual offenders?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tardi, M; Van Gijseghem, H

    2001-10-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether pedophiles have a weaker identity structure compared with nonsexual offenders. The recruitment process secured the participation of 87 male adult subjects, divided into three groups: 27 pedophiles who abused male victims (X = 38.6 years), 30 pedophiles who abused female victims (X = 35.5 years), 30 nonsexual offenders (X = 29.8 years). The concept of identity was examined on the basis of two factors: body image limits and ego identity. Two objective tests, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the Ego Identity Scale, and one projective test, the Rorschach scored according to the Fisher and Cleveland method, were used. A multivariate analysis of covariance, at a significance threshold of p pedophiles who abused female victims and pedophiles who abused male victims have more fragile body image limits, as measured by the penetration score, and present a higher level of social introversion (Si scale) than do nonsexual offenders. Moreover, pedophiles who abused male victims have a weaker ego (Es scale) than do pedophiles who abused female victims and nonsexual offenders. In other respects, no significant intergroup difference emerged in terms of body image limits as measured by the barrier score and of strength of ego identity (Ego Identity Scale). Conceptual and empirical elements related to body image and ego identity are addressed to shed light on the potential disturbances in the identity of pedophile subjects. These results imply not only that certain impairments exist at the level of the basis structures of the personality, but also that these impairments should be taken into account in formulating a program and devising a therapeutic process for pedophiles.

  14. Reflexões sobre O caso de Ellen West: estudo antropológico-clínico, de Binswanger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Tosta Berlinck

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O relato do caso de Ellen West ilustra de forma magistral que a questão da anorexia não está somente ligada a um problema alimentar. Revela tratar-se de um conflito entre o ego e o superego e, portanto, representa uma neurose narcísica. A severidade do superego baseia-se nas regras de cumprimento dos ideais. Quanto mais esses forem elevados, menos poderão ser satisfeitos. Geralmente, para ser objeto de investimento amoroso do superego o ego tem que se mostrar como o que não é: o ideal.

  15. The Hampstead Clinic at work. Discussions in the Diagnostic Profile Research Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Ehud

    2012-01-01

    Minutes of the Hampstead Clinic's Diagnostic Profile Research Group during a fifteen-month period (1964-1965) are reviewed and discussed. A wide range of topics were considered and discussed, with a special focus on the affective life, object relations, and ego function of atypical children in comparison to the early ego functions and differentiation of normal and neurotic children. These lively clinical and theoretical discussions and their implications for therapeutic work with a wide range of children, demonstrate the multifaceted leadership and contributions of Anna Freud as teacher, clinician, and thinker, and of the Hampstead Clinic as a major center for psychoanalytic studies.

  16. Gastric acid secretion in relation to personality, affect and coping ability in duodenal ulcer patients. A multivariate analysis. Hvidovre Ulcer Project Group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jess, P

    1994-01-01

    The role of personality, mood state (affect) and coping ability (ego strength) on basal and stimulated gastric acid secretion were assessed in 56 duodenal ulcer patients using the Minnesota, Multiphasic Personality Inventory. The patients had high scores on most MMPI scales, but basal acid output...... disorders found in peptic ulcer patients may evidently be consequences of the disease rather than causal factors.......The role of personality, mood state (affect) and coping ability (ego strength) on basal and stimulated gastric acid secretion were assessed in 56 duodenal ulcer patients using the Minnesota, Multiphasic Personality Inventory. The patients had high scores on most MMPI scales, but basal acid output...

  17. An experiment of a 3D real-time robust visual odometry for intelligent vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez Florez , Sergio Alberto; Fremont , Vincent; Bonnifait , Philippe

    2009-01-01

    International audience; Vision systems are nowadays very promising for many on-board vehicles perception functionalities, like obstacles detection/recognition and ego-localization. In this paper, we present a 3D visual odometric method that uses a stereo-vision system to estimate the 3D ego-motion of a vehicle in outdoor road conditions. In order to run in real-time, the studied technique is sparse meaning that it makes use of feature points that are tracked during several frames. A robust sc...

  18. Communication strategies in cosmetic surgery websites: an application of Taylor's six-segment message strategy wheel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Ho-Young Anthony; Wu, Lei; Taylor, Ronald E

    2013-01-01

    Using Taylor's six-segment message strategy wheel as a theoretical framework, this study examines the communication approach (transmission or ritual) and message strategy (ego, social, sensory, routine, acute need, or ration) of cosmetic surgery websites. A content analysis revealed a fairly even division between transmission and ritual approaches. Ration strategy was the exclusive strategy in the websites adopting a transmission approach. No routine or acute need strategies were observed. Websites incorporating the ritual approach used ego, social, and sensory strategies. Human female models and natural objects were incorporated to deliver emotional persuasion. Implications for cosmetic surgery web marketers are discussed.

  19. Paauglio asmenybės tapatumo, savigarbos ir subjektyvios gerovės išgyvenimo ryšys

    OpenAIRE

    Sondaitė, Jolanta; Čerbulėnas, Dainius

    2006-01-01

    The article analyzes the relations among identity status, self-esteem, and subjective well-being. The subjects were 17817–18 year old adolescents: 105 from secondary schools [40 boys and 65 girls] and 73 from Youth schools [48 boys and 25 girls]. The ego identity measurement methodology EOMEIS–2 (Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status, the extended version) of L.Bennion and G.Adams were used with the Identity Status model proposed by J. Marcia (Vaičiulienė, 2001). Self-esteem was measured u...

  20. Message strategies in direct-to-consumer pharmaceutical advertising: a content analysis using Taylor's six-segment message strategy wheel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Wan-Hsiu Sunny; Lancaster, Alyse R

    2012-01-01

    This exploratory study applies Taylor's (1999) six-segment message strategy wheel to direct-to-consumer (DTC) pharmaceutical television commercials to understand message strategies adopted by pharmaceutical advertisers to persuade consumers. A convenience sample of 96 DTC commercial campaigns was analyzed. The results suggest that most DTC drug ads used a combination approach, providing consumers with medical and drug information while simultaneously appealing to the viewer's ego-related needs and desires. In contrast to ration and ego strategies, other approaches including routine, acute need, and social are relatively uncommon while sensory was the least common message strategy. Findings thus recognized the educational value of DTC commercials.

  1. Anorexia: a failure in the work of melancholia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Gonzaga

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The self-reproach against their own bodies seen in patients with eating disorders has led us to posit the existence of failures in the work of melancholia. Defined by Freud in 1915, this process of melancholia is aimed at repairing a loss felt as unbearable by the ego and that triggers off a violent struggle with ambivalent feelings toward the lost object. The resulting hatred is aimed at the shadow of the object that falls on the ego. Especially in anorexia nervosa, there seems to be a regressive movement that goes beyond this.

  2. calvyn oor die leiding van die heilige gees in die verklaring van die

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mittel alters, bis er zur Ruhe kommt bei den kanonischen Schriften der. Urzeit der christlichen Ära (Barth ... (ego tamen dimoveri non possum ab amore compendii, CO 10, 403). Deur die boodskap van die .... Idem ergo spiritus qui per os prophetarum loquutus est, in corda nostra penetret necesse est, ut persuadeat fideliter ...

  3. International Journal of Arts and Humanities (IJAH) Bahir Dar- Ethiopia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nneka Umera-Okeke

    plagued by vices where the poor and the weak are at the mercy of the powerful ... evil forces connive with Koto to make life miserable for Dad and his family as well as others. .... prepared to do anything to be rich and to massage her ego.

  4. hiv/aids and feminist christian spirituality

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    tion on the personal and social levels, for both the materially rich and the poor. ..... think now, this child, doesn't have a mother, doesn't have a father, doesn't ..... and ego ascent are not alternative spiritualities, but grow into and out of each.

  5. What has happened to previous Estonian marketing acts? / Ingrid Nielsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nielsen, Ingrid

    2004-01-01

    Ülevaade eelnevatel aastatel Eesti turundusteo tiitli pälvinud kampaaniatega seotud ettevõtete, teenuste ja ürituste - EGO järelmaksukaart, EMT ja Eurovisiooni lauluvõistlus - käekäigust, korraldatud reklaamikampaaniate tulemuslikkusest

  6. What Online Networks Offer: "Online Network Compositions and Online Learning Experiences of Three Ethnic Groups"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecluijze, Suzanne Elisabeth; de Haan, Mariëtte; Ünlüsoy, Asli

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory study examines ethno-cultural diversity in youth's narratives regarding their "online" learning experiences while also investigating how these narratives can be understood from the analysis of their online network structure and composition. Based on ego-network data of 79 respondents this study compared the…

  7. Motivational Distortion on 16 PF Primaries by Male Felons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallbrown, Fred H.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Investigated motivational distortion using the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16 PF) for male (n=331) criminal offenders. Results indicated that ego-strength, free-floating anxiety, ability to bind anxiety, boldness, dominance, emotional sensitivity and suspiciousness contributed most to the motivational distortion scale predictions.…

  8. In Cite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elias, Camelia

    your ego. Awareness of what really matters comes from the contemplation of the futility of words. Before the word there is silence. After the word there is silence. But during the word there is knowledge that can be made crystal clear. This book is about extracting what writing means to a few writers...

  9. Gender Issues in Popular Cinema | Agba | Annals of Humanities and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gender issue in cinema like all other media of communication is the product of stereotyping in the ego formations for both male and female folks. The image of a person or group of persons must sell or be destroyed. Discussion on gender issue is often brought into focus to equalize public opinion and treatment for both men ...

  10. Influences of Teachers' Attitudes and Oral Guidance on the Persistence of Young Children Aged 3-6 Years Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dan, Fei; Feng, Lu; Wang, Qiong

    2009-01-01

    Persistence is important in developing pre-school children's ego control. Based on the fact that during the teaching process a teacher's communication and actions will have a significant influence on young children, which is due to the teachers' high degree of control over them, four experiments were designed to probe the influences of teachers'…

  11. A multilevel path analysis of contact frequency between social network members

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Berg, Pauline; Arentze, Theo; Timmermans, Harry

    2012-04-01

    Recently, there has been an increasing interest in the role of social networks in spatial-choice and travel behavior. It has been acknowledged that social activities and the travel for these activities can emerge from individuals' social networks and that social activities are responsible for an important portion of travel demand. The influence of information and communication technologies (ICT's) is also important in this respect. The purpose of the paper is to examine the effects of characteristics of egos and ego-alter relationships on the frequency of social interaction by different communication modes, using multilevel path analysis. The analyses are based on social network data collected in 2008 in the Eindhoven region in the Netherlands among 116 respondents. The results indicate a complementary relationship between contact frequencies by different modes. The contact frequencies of the different modes, especially face-to-face and telephone, can also be largely explained by the ego's personal characteristics and the type of relationship and the distance between ego and alter.

  12. Kuidas koostada meeskonda - Mount Everesti ainetel / Marii Karell

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karell, Marii, 1980-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti meeskonna Mount Everesti tippu juhtinud Tõivo Sarmet selgitab toimunud ekspeditsiooni näitel, miks tema peab meeskonna komplekteerimisel oluliseimaks inimeste iseloomuomadusi. Ekstreemoludes hakkama saamiseks tuleb meeles pidada, et eesmärk on ühine ja kellegi ego ei tohi seda nurjata, rõhutab Sarmet. Kommenteerib Alar Sikk

  13. Die terapeutiese imperatief, stories en letterkunde: 'n Repliek aan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    27 Jan 2006 ... mense soos Abraham Maslow en Carl Rogers wat “self-verwerkliking” tot doelwit verhef het. Die soort individu wat sentraal staan in die ego-sielkunde verskil hemelsbreed van die individu kenmerkend van die Freudiaanse en Lacaniaanse psigoanalise. Die individu wat in hul benadering verskyn, is altyd ...

  14. Personal and social facets of job identity : A person-centered approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crocetti, E.; Avanzi, L.; Hawk, S.T.; Fraccaroli, F.; Meeus, W.H.J.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine ego-identity (Erikson, Psychol Issues 1:1–171, 1959; Identity, youth and crisis, Norton, New York, 1968; Marcia, J Pers Soc Psychol 3:551–558, 1966) and social identity (Tajfel and Turner, In: Austin WG, Worchel S (Eds.) The social psychology of

  15. A Note on Anxiety, Depression, and Religiousness in American College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richek, Herbert G.

    This paper presents a study in which Welsh's A and R scale scores have been related to religiousness. The A factor has been defined as "anxiety proneness versus ego resiliency" while the R factor is defined as "impulsivity versus control." Subjects were 150 college students, 91 females and 59 males. The sole statistical…

  16. Mutual Group Hypnosis: A Social Interaction Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, Shirley

    Mutual Group Hypnosis is discussed in terms of its similarity to group dynamics in general and in terms of its similarity to a social interaction program (Role Modeling) designed to foster the expression of warmth and acceptance among group members. Hypnosis also fosters a regression to prelogical thought processes in the service of the ego. Group…

  17. Adult Literacy and Drug Addiction: What's the Connection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neri, Charles

    1990-01-01

    A core concept in dealing with drug addiction is the relationship between fear and drug use. In order to deal with fear, one response is a job skills class as a positive, ego-building experience in which literacy skills are emphasized in the context of self-discovery. (SK)

  18. Human Potential Seminar Outcomes as Measured by the Personal Orientation Inventory and Goal Attainment Inventories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paritzky, Richard; Magoon, Thomas

    1979-01-01

    Investigated human potential seminar (HPS) outcomes for the four HPS objectives (self-determination, self-affirmation, self-motivation, and regard for others) and its overall purpose, self-actualization. Ego-strength was used as a moderator variable and found to be nonsignificant. Students' status on self-affirmation, self-determination,…

  19. Not Playing the Game: Student Assessment Resistance as a Form of Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Lois R.; Brown, Gavin T. L.; Dargusch, Joanne

    2018-01-01

    Within self-regulated learning, learners exercise agency by setting targets, formatively monitoring progress, and evaluating results in ways which inform their own goal attainment. However, in real-world classroom situations, assessment processes can elicit behaviours that are more ego-protective than growth-oriented. Resistance to teacher…

  20. Staraja doroga : [luuletused] / Aleksandr Mezhirov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mezhirov, Aleksandr

    2001-01-01

    Sisu: Alter ego ; "Tshto mne delat v "Strele"..." ; "V 41-m, v lessah Pervojanu..." ; Za kogo? Za togo li... ; "Ne zabõvai menja, Moskva moja..." ; "Jesli bõ Zoja i Anna..." ; "Vospominanjami ne mutshai..." ; "Mozhet rodina sõna obidet..." ; Nabokov

  1. 'BIG, HARD and UP!' A healthy creed for men to live by?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . How to cite this article: Van der ... extensive power over men – especially over their self-images, passions, and egos. In this .... affirming, consumption-driven short cuts to their masculinity that cemented the ..... “Get your speed up,” “Wake up!

  2. Subjectivity and embodiment of the event of appearing

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Novotný, Karel

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 26, č. 3 (2016), s. 169-181 ISSN 1234-5792 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA15-10832S Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : body * lived body * lived experience * kinesthesis * ego * subjectivity Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  3. Goal orientation and well-being in college athletes: The importance of athletic social connectedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wayment, Heidi A; Walters, Andrew Schrack

    2017-11-01

    The present study examined the ability of an interpersonal construct called athletic connectedness to mediate the relationship between task and ego goal orientations and well-being. We operationalised athletic social connectedness as a sense of social belonging and sense of connection with teammates. We hypothesised that athletic social connectedness would be positively associated with task goals, negatively associated with ego goals, and would at least partially mediate the relationship between achievement goals and well-being. We administered questionnaires to female (N = 106; mean age = 20.47, SD = 1.12) and male (N = 100; mean age = 20.95, SD = 1.21) NCAA Division III college athletes. We tested our hypothesised model using structural equation modelling, which included testing a measurement model that specified four latent variables and then comparing the estimates generated by our hypothesised model with our data. We also tested three alternative models and found our hypothesised model to fit best. As predicted, there were significant indirect effects of task and ego motivation on well-being through athletic connectedness, demonstrating formal evidence of mediation. The r 2 coefficient indicated that the model explained 30% of the variance in well-being, a moderate effect size (Cohen, 1988). Discussion focuses on the importance of considering interpersonal constructs as a way to improve our understanding of relationship between task and ego goal orientations to well-being in athletes.

  4. Sex Away from Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwald, Harold

    1971-01-01

    The reasons why people who are normally truthful to their spouses engage in sex away from home are discussed. These reasons can include loneliness, ego building or the opportunity to have homosexual relations. Sex away from home is likely to increase since the number of people traveling is increasing. (Author/CG)

  5. Trading Cards for the Professoriate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Fernandez, Luis

    2003-01-01

    In the celebrity-driven, star-struck culture, university professors do not receive the attention or praise--not to mention the paychecks--of movie actors, pop music idols, super models, or sports stars. Although professors' egos may not be much smaller than those of celebrities, academia lacks the promotional infrastructure of professional sports…

  6. La condizione psicologica dell'io nelle opere di Giorgio Saviane ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A journey which Saviane develops in three phases: in Il passo lungo as the individual discovery of the anima against the authoritarianism of the Ego; in Mare verticale as an ongoing historical process predisposed towards the liberation of a few from the zoological dimension of the herd; in Eutanasia di un amore as the ...

  7. Identity Exploration: A "Crisis" Which May Go Unnoticed in Gifted Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidwell, Jeannie; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Correlation of 82 academically gifted adolescents' personality scores with scores for identity exploration revealed that youth who were actively exploring (according to Erik Erikson's ego identity theory) exhibited the following psychological portrait: inner confusion, agitation, dissatisfaction, unhappiness, periodic spells of depression,…

  8. Connecting Athletes’ Self-Perceptions and Metaperceptions of Competence: a Structural Equation Modeling Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecchini Jose A.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study explored the relationships between athletes’ competence self-perceptions and metaperceptions. Two hundred and fifty one student-athletes (14.26 ± 1.89 years, members of twenty different teams (basketball, soccer completed a questionnaire which included the Perception of Success Questionnaire, the Competence subscale of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory, and modified versions of both questionnaires to assess athletes’ metaperceptions. Structural equation modelling analysis revealed that athletes’ task and ego metaperceptions positively predicted task and ego self-perceptions, respectively. Competence metaperceptions were strong predictors of competence selfperceptions, confirming the atypical metaperception formation in outcome-dependent contexts such as sport. Task and ego metaperceptions positively predicted athletes’ competence metaperceptions. How coaches value their athletes’ competence is more influential on what the athletes think of themselves than their own self-perceptions. Athletes’ ego and task metaperceptions influenced their competence metaperceptions (how coaches rate their competence. Therefore, athletes build their competence metaperceptions using all information available from their coaches. Finally, only taskself perfections positively predicted athletes’ competence self-perceptions.

  9. discerning the mystical wisdom of the bhagavad gita and john

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    From within this interspiritual approach, an analysis of the mystical wisdom .... illustrate his deep insights into theology, psychology, spiritual direction, ..... It tests the end and ... am not; (3) a realisation, first in theory and then in practice, of who I truly ..... In mastering the ego or “self”, the Master is freed from the need to act.

  10. Conflict Inhibitory Control Facilitates Pretense Quality in Young Preschoolers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Reet, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    The present research explores the role of inhibitory control (IC) in young preschoolers' pretense ability using an ego depletion paradigm. In Experiment 1 (N = 56), children's pretense ability was assessed either before or after participating in conflict IC or control tasks, and in Experiment 2 (N = 36), pretense ability was measured after…

  11. Group Flow and Group Genius

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawyer, Keith

    2015-01-01

    Keith Sawyer views the spontaneous collaboration of group creativity and improvisation actions as "group flow," which organizations can use to function at optimum levels. Sawyer establishes ideal conditions for group flow: group goals, close listening, complete concentration, being in control, blending egos, equal participation, knowing…

  12. Identity Development in German Adolescents with and without Visual Impairments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinquart, Martin; Pfeiffer, Jens P.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The study reported here assessed the exploration of identity and commitment to an identity in German adolescents with and without visual impairments. Methods: In total, 178 adolescents with visual impairments (blindness or low vision) and 526 sighted adolescents completed the Ego Identity Process Questionnaire. Results: The levels of…

  13. Further Psychodrama with Delinquent Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Patricia; Sandberg, Salek

    1985-01-01

    Adjusted delinquent adolescents (N=7) participated in a 12-session psychodramatic group therapy program which integrated behavioral-cognitive techniques. Participants and control subjects (N=10) completed pre- and post-tests measuring acting-out behavior and ego strength. Results showed that significant improvement occurred in the experimental…

  14. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    not only for the understanding of a large class of the complex in physics, but also touches apparently completely unrelated fields, ego motion of aerosols in the atmosphere, and the dairy indus- try (milk is a colloidal suspension of 'Brownian' particles)!. Email: tvromo@bhu .oc.in. It is a measure of the epoch making nature of.

  15. Psychological and Cultural Borderlands in Tayyib Salih's "Season of Migration to the North"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeidanin, Hussein Hasan

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the conflicting points of view of the narrator and Saeed in Tayyib Salih's novel. Their conflict emanates from psychological and ideological sources and foreshadows their relations with the western civilization and women. While some scenes and events of the novel introduce Saeed as an alter ego or double of the narrator for…

  16. Structured self-reflection as a tool to enhance perceived performance and maintain effort in adult recreational salsa dancers

    Science.gov (United States)

    The purpose of this study was to determine if the use of structured self-reflection in community dance classes would influence achievement goal orientations, levels of intrinsic motivation, or perceived dance performance. The Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ) and the Intrinsic...

  17. Embracing the Institutional Mission: Influences of Identity Processing Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milner, Lauren A.; Ferrari, Joseph R.

    2010-01-01

    Previous research suggests that different information processing styles influence how effectively students adapt to a college environment. During the college years, individuals shape and refine their values and principles while they also develop a life-long philosophy. The present study examined how student ego-identity development (n = 1,249) was…

  18. Lacan’s construction and deconstruction of the schema of the two mirrors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stijn eVanheule

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In the nineteen fifties Jacques Lacan developed a set-up with a concave mirror and a plane mirror, based on which he described the nature of human identification. He also formulated ideas on how psychoanalysis, qua clinical practice, responds to identification. In this paper Lacan’s schema of the two mirrors is described in detail and the theoretical line of reasoning he aimed to articulate with aid of this spatial model is discussed. It is argued that Lacan developed his double-mirror device to clarify the relationship between the drive, the ego, the ideal ego, the ego ideal, the other and the Other. This model helped Lacan describe the dynamics of identification and explain how psychoanalytic treatment works. He argued that by working with free association, psychoanalysis aims to articulate unconscious desire, and bypass the tendency of the ego for misrecognition. The reasons why Lacan stressed the limits of his double-mirror model and no longer considered it useful from the early nineteen sixties onward are examined. It is argued that his concept of the gaze, which he qualifies as a so-called ‘object a,’ prompted Lacan move away from his double-mirror set-up. In those years Lacan gradually began to study the tension between drive and signifier. The schema of the two mirrors, by contrast, focused on the tension between image and signifier, and missed the point Lacan aimed to address in this new era of his work.

  19. Siim Nestor kuulas, nautis ja õppis funk'i / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Roy Ayers Ubiquity "A Tear To A Smile", The Undisputed Truth "Face to Face With the Truth", Love Unlimited "In Heat", Gloria Scotti "What Am I Gonna Do", Bohannon "Summertime Groove", "Nice and Soulful", "One Way featuring Al Hudson", Cameo "Ugly Ego", The Gap Band "The Gap Band"

  20. A Psychoeducational Approach in the Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotugno, Albert J.

    1980-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa exists as a clinical entity with significant ego disturbances which appear as primary features. Noneating and accompanying weight loss are often secondary features of the disturbance. The psychoeducational approach is most valuable because it integrates the psychological view with educational goals. (Author)

  1. Hybride zelf(re)presentatie in de dagboeken van Hennie Aucamp ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hybride zelf(re)presentatie in de dagboeken van Hennie Aucamp. Jihie Moon. Abstract. English Title: Hybrid self–(re)presentation in the diaries of Hennie Aucamp. English Abstract. This article on Hennie Aucamp approaches his journals as ego-documents. The positional dilemma and identity crisis of Afrikaners in the new ...

  2. Cognitive Dissonance or Revenge? Student Grades and Course Evaluations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maurer, Trent W.

    2006-01-01

    I tested 2 competing theories to explain the connection between students' expected grades and ratings of instructors: cognitive dissonance and revenge. Cognitive dissonance theory holds that students who expect poor grades rate instructors poorly to minimize ego threat whereas the revenge theory holds that students rate instructors poorly in an…

  3. Interrogative suggestibility and perceptual motor performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gudjonsson, G H

    1984-04-01

    This study investigates the relationship between interrogative suggestibility, as measured by the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale, and Arrow-Dot scores. The tendency of subjects (25 men and 25 women, mean age 30.2 yr.) to alter their answers once interpersonal pressure had been applied correlated significantly with poor Arrow-Dot Ego functioning.

  4. On Normal and Autistic Pronouns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fay, Warren H.

    1971-01-01

    An alternative to the ego-based explanations for the autistic child's characteristic patterns of pronominal reversals and avoidances is an approach based on studies of echolalia which considers grammatical aspects of acquisition, reversal, and nonreversal. Focus is consequently shifted from primacy of expressive I to comprehension of you/me…

  5. Adolescent Identity: Rational vs. Experiential Processing, Formal Operations, and Critical Thinking Beliefs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaczynski, Paul A.; Fauth, James M.; Swanger, Amy

    1998-01-01

    The extent to which adolescents rely on rational versus experiential information processing was studied with 49 adolescents administered multiple measures of formal operations, two critical thinking questionnaires, a measure of rational processing, and a measure of ego identity status. Implications for studies of development are discussed in terms…

  6. Emotional and Intellectual Correlates of Unsuccessful Suicide Attempts in People with Epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batzel, Lawrence W.; Dodrill, Carl B.

    1986-01-01

    Evaluated emotional and intellectual correlates of unsuccessful suicide attempts in persons with seizure disorders. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Scores demonstrated increased anxiety and decreased ego strength among those with histories of suicide attempts, while intellectual abilities as evaluated by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence…

  7. The Influence of Social Network Characteristics on Peer Clustering in Smoking: A Two-Wave Panel Study of 19- and 23-Year-Old Swedes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miething, Alexander; Rostila, Mikael; Edling, Christofer; Rydgren, Jens

    2016-01-01

    The present study examines how the composition of social networks and perceived relationship content influence peer clustering in smoking, and how the association changes during the transition from late adolescence to early adulthood. The analysis was based on a Swedish two-wave survey sample comprising ego-centric network data. Respondents were 19 years old in the initial wave, and 23 when the follow-up sample was conducted. 17,227 ego-alter dyads were included in the analyses, which corresponds to an average response rate of 48.7 percent. Random effects logistic regression models were performed to calculate gender-specific average marginal effects of social network characteristics on smoking. The association of egos' and alters' smoking behavior was confirmed and found to be stronger when correlated in the female sample. For females, the associations decreased between age 19 and 23. Interactions between network characteristics and peer clustering in smoking showed that intense social interactions with smokers increase egos' smoking probability. The influence of network structures on peer clustering in smoking decreased during the transition from late adolescence to early adulthood. The study confirmed peer clustering in smoking and revealed that females' smoking behavior in particular is determined by social interactions. Female smokers' propensity to interact with other smokers was found to be associated with the quality of peer relationships, frequent social interactions, and network density. The influence of social networks on peer clustering in smoking decreased during the transition from late adolescence to early adulthood.

  8. Egalitarianism and Achievement in the Involvement of Others in Consumer Decisions: A Functional Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Duane I.

    1980-01-01

    Studied how egalitaranism and success through individual achievement, were expressed in the involvement of others in consumer decisions. Results found egalitarians involved others in seeking more information. Individual achievement subjects delegated more decision responsibility for non-ego involving decisions. Suggests involvement of others could…

  9. From neurotic guilt to existential guilt as grief: the road to interiority, agency, and compassion through mourning. Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavaler-Adler, Susan

    2006-12-01

    This study is a continuation of an article that was published in the previous issue of The American Journal of Psychoanalysis (Volume 66, Number 3, September 2006). The case of Helen is illustrated in terms of the analysand's developmental mourning, countertransference, interiority, antilibidinal ego, and transformation of aggression into self-agency.

  10. If Maslow Created a Composition Course: A New Look at Motivation in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boone, Beth; Hill, Ada S.

    The needs hierarchy developed by Abraham Maslow lends itself to the composition classroom. The hierarchy depicts five distinct need levels through which an individual travels: basic, safety/security, belonging/peer acceptance, ego/esteem, and self-actualization. From teacher observations and students' comments, need levels can be assessed and…

  11. Relationship among achievement goal orientations and multidimensional situational motivation in physical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Standage, Martyn; Treasure, Darren C

    2002-03-01

    Contemporary research suggests that task and ego achievement goal orientations affect students' intrinsic motivation in physical education. This research has assessed intrinsic motivation as a unidimensional contruct, however, which is inconsistent with the more contemporary postulates of self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985, 1991) which states that intrinsic motivation is only one type of motivation. To date, research has not addressed whether different types of motivation at the situational level are influenced by the proneness to adopt task or ego involvement. To examine the relationship between achievement goal orientations and multidimensional situational motivation in PE. Middle school children (182 male, 136 female; M age = 13.2 years). Responded to questionnaires assessing their dispositional goal orientation (POSQ; Roberts, Treasure, & Balague, 1998) and situational motivation (SIMS; Guay, Vallerand, & Blanchard, 2000) in PE. Task orientation was found to be positively associated with more self-determined types of situational motivation. Ego orientation was weakly related to less self-determined motivation. An extreme group split was conducted to create four goal groups and goal profile analyses conducted. A significant MANOVA was followed by univariate analyses, post hoc comparisons, and calculated effect sizes, which revealed that groups high in task orientation reported more motivationally adaptive responses than groups low in task orientation. The results suggest that a high level of task orientation singularly or in combination with ego orientation fosters self-determined situational motivation in the context of PE.

  12. "They're Listening"; A Report on a Psychosocial Approach to Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Robert D.; And Others

    This monograph reports on a project designed to help teachers use Erik Erikson's concept of ego psychology as a framework to help students with school-related difficulties. It was hypothesized that a full understanding of the growth patterns of students, their orientation to their social (school and family) environment, and the development of…

  13. GOAL PROFILES, MENTAL TOUGHNESS AND ITS INFLUENCE ON PERFORMANCE OUTCOMES AMONG WUSHU ATHLETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garry Kuan

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the association between goal orientations and mental toughness and its influence on performance outcomes in competition. Wushu athletes (n = 40 competing in Intervarsity championships in Malaysia completed Task and Ego Orientations in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ and Psychological Performance Inventory (PPI. Using cluster analysis techniques including hierarchical methods and the non-hierarchical method (k-means cluster to examine goal profiles, a three cluster solution emerged viz. cluster 1 - high task and moderate ego (HT/ME, cluster 2 - moderate task and low ego (MT/LE and, cluster 3 - moderate task and moderate ego (MT/ME. Analysis of the fundamental areas of mental toughness based on goal profiles revealed that athletes in cluster 1 scored significantly higher on negative energy control than athletes in cluster 2. Further, athletes in cluster 1 also scored significantly higher on positive energy control than athletes in cluster 3. Chi-square (χ2 test revealed no significant differences among athletes with different goal profiles on performance outcomes in the competition. However, significant differences were observed between athletes (medallist and non medallist in self- confidence (p = 0.001 and negative energy control (p = 0.042. Medallist's scored significantly higher on self-confidence (mean = 21.82 ± 2.72 and negative energy control (mean = 19.59 ± 2.32 than the non-medallists (self confidence-mean = 18.76 ± 2.49; negative energy control mean = 18.14 ± 1.91.

  14. Leveraging Successful Collaborative Processes to Improve Performance Outcomes in Large-Scale Event Planning: Super Bowl, A Planned Homeland Security Event

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    are turning out to be counterproductive because they are culturally anathema (Wollman, 2009). A consideration of psychological tenets by Sigmund ... Freud suggests a principle aspect of dysfunction in collaboration. He reasoned that An Ego governed by social convention and a Superego governed by

  15. Sigmund Freud's Personality Theory: Learning Module Employing Computer-Assisted Instruction Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saavedra, Jose M.

    This interactive module contains 33 windows of text and three graphics, in which Freud's topographical (unconscious, pre-conscious, and conscious) and structural (id, ego, and superego) models of the psyche are studied. Seventeen fill-in questions are interspersed within the text. The module stresses the importance of comprehending the concept of…

  16. Defense Mechanisms: A Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, Bonnie C.

    This bibliography includes studies of defense mechanisms, in general, and studies of multiple mechanisms. Defense mechanisms, briefly and simply defined, are the unconscious ego defendants against unpleasure, threat, or anxiety. Sigmund Freud deserves the clinical credit for studying many mechanisms and introducing them in professional literature.…

  17. The Mind and The Unconscious--A Modification of Freud's Agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habicht, Manuela H.

    The aim of the review is to discuss what the mind must be like for the psychoanalytic term like "the unconscious" to be meaningfully applied. Freud's two systems called the unconscious (Ucs.) and the preconscious-conscious (Pcs.-Cs.) are introduced and their replacement with alternative categories such as id, ego, and superego is…

  18. The play grid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fogh, Rune; Johansen, Asger

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we propose The Play Grid, a model for systemizing different play types. The approach is psychological by nature and the actual Play Grid is based, therefore, on two pairs of fundamental and widely acknowledged distinguishing characteristics of the ego, namely: extraversion vs. intro...

  19. Whatever It Takes: Health Compromising Behaviors in Female Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldron, Jennifer J.; Krane, Vikki

    2005-01-01

    The power and performance model of sport stresses a sport ethic of doing "whatever it takes" to win (Coakley, 2004). Uncritical acceptance of this model may lead to various health-compromising behaviors. Employing achievement goal theory, we examine why female athletes may adopt the power and performance approach. An ego motivational climate and a…

  20. Issues and Options: Energizing for the Future. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of Region II, National University Continuing Education Association (Skytop, Pennsylvania, October 1988).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalik, Thomas F., Comp.; Pula, James S., Comp.

    The following 13 papers are included in this document: "Enrollment Management through Marketing and Advising" (Hoppin, Grimm); "Matching Institutions to Individual Needs: The Emerging Role of the Consortia" (Miller); "Institutional Ego or Institutional Access" (Ice); "Creating Integrated, Student-Centered Curricula" (Pula); "Creative Collaboration…