Sample records for effective minimally invasive

  1. Minimally invasive lumbar fusion. (United States)

    Foley, Kevin T; Holly, Langston T; Schwender, James D


    Review article. To provide an overview of current techniques for minimally invasive lumbar fusion. Minimally invasive techniques have revolutionized the management of pathologic conditions in various surgical disciplines. Although these same principles have been used in the treatment of lumbar disc disease for many years, minimally invasive lumbar fusion procedures have only recently been developed. The goals of these procedures are to reduce the approach-related morbidity associated with traditional lumbar fusion, yet allow the surgery to be performed in an effective and safe manner. The authors' clinical experience with minimally invasive lumbar fusion was reviewed, and the pertinent literature was surveyed. Minimally invasive approaches have been developed for common lumbar procedures such as anterior and posterior interbody fusion, posterolateral onlay fusion, and internal fixation. As with all new surgical techniques, minimally invasive lumbar fusion has a learning curve. As well, there are benefits and disadvantages associated with each technique. However, because these techniques are new and evolving, evidence to support their potential benefits is largely anecdotal. Additionally, there are few long-term studies to document clinical outcomes. Preliminary clinical results suggest that minimally invasive lumbar fusion will have a beneficial impact on the care of patients with spinal disorders. Outcome studies with long-term follow-up will be necessary to validate its success and allow minimally invasive lumbar fusion to become more widely accepted.

  2. Cost-effectiveness analysis in minimally invasive spine surgery. (United States)

    Al-Khouja, Lutfi T; Baron, Eli M; Johnson, J Patrick; Kim, Terrence T; Drazin, Doniel


    Medical care has been evolving with the increased influence of a value-based health care system. As a result, more emphasis is being placed on ensuring cost-effectiveness and utility in the services provided to patients. This study looks at this development in respect to minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) costs. A literature review using PubMed, the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) Registry, and the National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED) was performed. Papers were included in the study if they reported costs associated with minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS). If there was no mention of cost, CEA, cost-utility analysis (CUA), quality-adjusted life year (QALY), quality, or outcomes mentioned, then the article was excluded. Fourteen studies reporting costs associated with MISS in 12,425 patients (3675 undergoing minimally invasive procedures and 8750 undergoing open procedures) were identified through PubMed, the CEA Registry, and NHS EED. The percent cost difference between minimally invasive and open approaches ranged from 2.54% to 33.68%-all indicating cost saving with a minimally invasive surgical approach. Average length of stay (LOS) for minimally invasive surgery ranged from 0.93 days to 5.1 days compared with 1.53 days to 12 days for an open approach. All studies reporting EBL reported lower volume loss in an MISS approach (range 10-392.5 ml) than in an open approach (range 55-535.5 ml). There are currently an insufficient number of studies published reporting the costs of MISS. Of the studies published, none have followed a standardized method of reporting and analyzing cost data. Preliminary findings analyzing the 14 studies showed both cost saving and better outcomes in MISS compared with an open approach. However, more Level I CEA/CUA studies including cost/QALY evaluations with specifics of the techniques utilized need to be reported in a standardized manner to make more accurate conclusions on the cost effectiveness of

  3. Comparative Effectiveness of Minimally Invasive Hysterectomy for Endometrial Cancer (United States)

    Burke, William M.; Tergas, Ana I.; Hou, June Y.; Huang, Yongmei; Hu, Jim C.; Hillyer, Grace Clarke; Ananth, Cande V.; Neugut, Alfred I.; Hershman, Dawn L.


    Purpose Despite the potential benefits of minimally invasive hysterectomy for uterine cancer, population-level data describing the procedure’s safety in unselected patients are lacking. We examined the use of minimally invasive surgery and the association between the route of the procedure and long-term survival. Methods We used the SEER-Medicare database to identify women with stage I-III uterine cancer who underwent hysterectomy from 2006 to 2011. Patients who underwent abdominal hysterectomy were compared with those who had minimally invasive hysterectomy (laparoscopic and robot-assisted). Perioperative morbidity, use of adjuvant therapy, and long-term survival were examined after propensity score balancing. Results We identified 6,304 patients, including 4,139 (65.7%) who underwent abdominal hysterectomy and 2,165 (34.3%) who underwent minimally invasive hysterectomy; performance of minimally invasive hysterectomy increased from 9.3% in 2006 to 61.7% in 2011. Robot-assisted procedures accounted for 62.3% of the minimally invasive operations. Compared with women who underwent abdominal hysterectomy, minimally invasive hysterectomy was associated with a lower overall complication rate (22.7% v 39.7%; P < .001), and lower perioperative mortality (0.6% v 1.1%), but these women were more likely to receive adjuvant pelvic radiotherapy (34.3% v 31.3%) and brachytherapy (33.6% v 31.0%; P < .05). The complication rate was higher after robot-assisted hysterectomy compared with laparoscopic hysterectomy (23.7% v 19.5%; P = .03). There was no association between the use of minimally invasive hysterectomy and either overall (HR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.75 to 1.04) or cancer-specific (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.59 to 1.16) mortality. Conclusion Minimally invasive hysterectomy does not appear to compromise long-term survival for women with endometrial cancer. PMID:26834057

  4. Cost-effectiveness of minimally invasive sacroiliac joint fusion

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    Cher DJ


    Full Text Available Daniel J Cher,1 Melissa A Frasco,2 Renée JG Arnold,2,3 David W Polly4,5 1Clinical Affairs, SI-BONE, Inc., San Jose, CA, USA; 2Division of Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Quorum Consulting, Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA; 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA; 4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA; 5Department of Neurosurgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA Background: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ disorders are common in patients with chronic lower back pain. Minimally invasive surgical options have been shown to be effective for the treatment of chronic SIJ dysfunction. Objective: To determine the cost-effectiveness of minimally invasive SIJ fusion. Methods: Data from two prospective, multicenter, clinical trials were used to inform a Markov process cost-utility model to evaluate cumulative 5-year health quality and costs after minimally invasive SIJ fusion using triangular titanium implants or non-surgical treatment. The analysis was performed from a third-party perspective. The model specifically incorporated variation in resource utilization observed in the randomized trial. Multiple one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed. Results: SIJ fusion was associated with a gain of approximately 0.74 quality-adjusted life years (QALYs at a cost of US$13,313 per QALY gained. In multiple one-way sensitivity analyses all scenarios resulted in an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER <$26,000/QALY. Probabilistic analyses showed a high degree of certainty that the maximum ICER for SIJ fusion was less than commonly selected thresholds for acceptability (mean ICER =$13,687, 95% confidence interval $5,162–$28,085. SIJ fusion provided potential cost savings per QALY gained compared to non-surgical treatment after a treatment horizon of greater than 13 years. Conclusion: Compared to traditional non-surgical treatments

  5. Minimally invasive periodontal therapy. (United States)

    Dannan, Aous


    Minimally invasive dentistry is a concept that preserves dentition and supporting structures. However, minimally invasive procedures in periodontal treatment are supposed to be limited within periodontal surgery, the aim of which is to represent alternative approaches developed to allow less extensive manipulation of surrounding tissues than conventional procedures, while accomplishing the same objectives. In this review, the concept of minimally invasive periodontal surgery (MIPS) is firstly explained. An electronic search for all studies regarding efficacy and effectiveness of MIPS between 2001 and 2009 was conducted. For this purpose, suitable key words from Medical Subject Headings on PubMed were used to extract the required studies. All studies are demonstrated and important results are concluded. Preliminary data from case cohorts and from many studies reveal that the microsurgical access flap, in terms of MIPS, has a high potential to seal the healing wound from the contaminated oral environment by achieving and maintaining primary closure. Soft tissues are mostly preserved and minimal gingival recession is observed, an important feature to meet the demands of the patient and the clinician in the esthetic zone. However, although the potential efficacy of MIPS in the treatment of deep intrabony defects has been proved, larger studies are required to confirm and extend the reported positive preliminary outcomes.

  6. Minimally invasive orthognathic surgery. (United States)

    Resnick, Cory M; Kaban, Leonard B; Troulis, Maria J


    Minimally invasive surgery is defined as the discipline in which operative procedures are performed in novel ways to diminish the sequelae of standard surgical dissections. The goals of minimally invasive surgery are to reduce tissue trauma and to minimize bleeding, edema, and injury, thereby improving the rate and quality of healing. In orthognathic surgery, there are two minimally invasive techniques that can be used separately or in combination: (1) endoscopic exposure and (2) distraction osteogenesis. This article describes the historical developments of the fields of orthognathic surgery and minimally invasive surgery, as well as the integration of the two disciplines. Indications, techniques, and the most current outcome data for specific minimally invasive orthognathic surgical procedures are presented.

  7. Canaloplasty: A Minimally Invasive and Maximally Effective Glaucoma Treatment

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    Mahmoud A. Khaimi


    Full Text Available Canaloplasty is a highly effective, minimally invasive, surgical technique indicated for the treatment of open-angle glaucoma that works by restoring the function of the eye’s natural outflow system. The procedure’s excellent safety profile and long-term efficacy make it a viable option for the majority of glaucoma patient types. It can be used in conjunction with existing drug based glaucoma treatments, after laser or other types of incisional surgery, and does not preclude or affect the outcome of future surgery. Numerous scientific studies have shown Canaloplasty to be safe and effective in lowering IOP whilst reducing medication dependence. A recent refinement of Canaloplasty, known as ab-interno Canaloplasty (ABiC, maintains the IOP-lowering and safety benefits of traditional (ab-externo Canaloplasty using a more efficient, simplified surgical approach. This paper presents a review of Canaloplasty indications, clinical data, and complications, as well as comparisons with traditional incisional glaucoma techniques. It also addresses the early clinical evidence for ABiC.

  8. Canaloplasty: A Minimally Invasive and Maximally Effective Glaucoma Treatment (United States)

    Khaimi, Mahmoud A.


    Canaloplasty is a highly effective, minimally invasive, surgical technique indicated for the treatment of open-angle glaucoma that works by restoring the function of the eye's natural outflow system. The procedure's excellent safety profile and long-term efficacy make it a viable option for the majority of glaucoma patient types. It can be used in conjunction with existing drug based glaucoma treatments, after laser or other types of incisional surgery, and does not preclude or affect the outcome of future surgery. Numerous scientific studies have shown Canaloplasty to be safe and effective in lowering IOP whilst reducing medication dependence. A recent refinement of Canaloplasty, known as ab-interno Canaloplasty (ABiC), maintains the IOP-lowering and safety benefits of traditional (ab-externo) Canaloplasty using a more efficient, simplified surgical approach. This paper presents a review of Canaloplasty indications, clinical data, and complications, as well as comparisons with traditional incisional glaucoma techniques. It also addresses the early clinical evidence for ABiC. PMID:26495135

  9. Treatment of stress urinary incontinence in men with spinal cord injury: minimally invasive=minimally effective? (United States)

    Pannek, J; Wöllner, J


    Retrospective chart review. To assess the outcome of minimally invasive treatment of stress urinary incontinence with alloplastic slings in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction. Switzerland. The patient database of a tertiary urologic referral center was screened for male patients with SCI who underwent implantation of a suburethral sling between June 2009 and December 2015. Patient characteristics and bladder management details were collected by chart review. Sixteen patients were identified. Of those, 13 received a transobturator tape (TOT) and three underwent implantation of an retropubic adjustable system (RAS). In the TOT group, nine patients became continent, one patient was improved and three patients remained unchanged. Three patients underwent minor revisions due to impaired wound healing. In the RAS group, no patient improved and one RAS had to be removed due to severe wound infection; in a second patient, an abscess with destruction of the urethra occurred. In our experience, alloplastic slings seem to be an effective minimally invasive treatment option in male patients with SUI due to SCI. TOT seem to be more effective than RAS and was associated with less severe complications. The selection criteria for the optimal patient and the optimal sling have to be further defined.

  10. The vacuum cleaner effect in minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy. (United States)

    Nicklas, André P; Schilling, David; Bader, Markus J; Herrmann, Thomas R W; Nagele, Udo


    Percutaneous stone removal increasingly plays an important role among the different approaches of interventional stone therapy, particularly since the development of miniaturized instruments is resulting in lower morbidity for the patients. One major drawback of smaller instruments is the increased difficulty of stone retrieval after disintegration due to the reduced tract diameter. This results in longer operation time and the need of additional tools such as disposable retrieval baskets. One of the key factors in the development of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy (MIP) was the design of an Amplatz sheath which provides a built-in vacuum cleaner effect for stone retrieval. A series of flow analyses with the gauges and shapes of the most commonly used nephroscopes and sheaths in percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy was performed by computational fluid dynamics. Flow velocity and direction in front of the nephroscope were computed and visualized by the software. In our study, the vacuum cleaner effect developed exclusively when a round-shaped nephroscope was used (Nagele Miniature Nephroscope System, Karl Storz GmbH & Co. KG) and depended on the relation between nephroscope diameter and inner sheath diameter. The strongest effect was observed with a 12 F nephroscope and an inner sheath diameter of 15 F. It did not develop when an oval- or crescent-shaped nephroscope was used. In front of the distal end of the round-shaped nephroscope, a slipstream develops, induced by the excursive change of width of the fluid flow on the outlet of the flushing canal. This allows the adhesion of a stone fragment in the eddy while the fluid flow is circulating around the stone. This study illustrates and explains the vacuum cleaner effect which has been detected in the development of the Nagele Miniature Nephroscope System used in MIP. It combines the reduced morbidity of smaller kidney puncture diameters with the benefit of quick and complete stone removal.

  11. Effect of minimally invasive surgery fellowship on residents' operative experience. (United States)

    Altieri, Maria S; Frenkel, Catherine; Scriven, Richard; Thornton, Deborah; Halbert, Caitlin; Talamini, Mark; Telem, Dana A; Pryor, Aurora D


    There is an increased need for surgical trainees to acquire advanced laparoscopic skills as laparoscopy becomes the standard of care in many areas of general surgery. Since the introduction of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) fellowships, there has been a continuing debate as to whether these fellowships adversely affect general surgery resident exposure to laparoscopic cases. The aim of our study was to examine whether the introduction of an MIS fellowship negatively impacts general surgery residents' experience at a single academic center. We describe the changes following establishment of MIS fellowship at an academic center. Resident case log system from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education was queried to obtain all PGY 1-5 resident operative case logs. Two-year time period preceding and following the institution of an MIS fellowship at our institution in 2012 was compared. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Following initiation of the MIS fellowship, an MIS service was established. The service comprised of a fellow, midlevel resident, and intern. Operative experience was examined. From 2010-2012 to 2012-2014, residents logged a total of 272 and 585 complex laparoscopic cases, respectively. There were 43 residents from 2010 to 2013 and 44 residents from 2013 to 2014. When the two time periods were compared, a trend of increased numbers for all procedures was noted, except laparoscopic GYN/genito-urinary procedures. Average percent increase in complex general surgery procedures was 249 ± 179.8 %. Following establishment of a MIS fellowship, reported cases by residents were higher or similar to those reported nationally for laparoscopic procedures. Institution of an MIS fellowship had a favorable effect on general surgery resident operative education at a single academic training center. Residents may benefit from the presence of a fellowship at an academic center because they are able to participate in an

  12. Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy

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    Lee F. Starker


    Full Text Available Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP is an operative approach for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT. Currently, routine use of improved preoperative localization studies, cervical block anesthesia in the conscious patient, and intraoperative parathyroid hormone analyses aid in guiding surgical therapy. MIP requires less surgical dissection causing decreased trauma to tissues, can be performed safely in the ambulatory setting, and is at least as effective as standard cervical exploration. This paper reviews advances in preoperative localization, anesthetic techniques, and intraoperative management of patients undergoing MIP for the treatment of pHPT.

  13. Transanal Minimally Invasive Surgery (United States)

    deBeche-Adams, Teresa; Nassif, George


    Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) was first described in 2010 as a crossover between single-incision laparoscopic surgery and transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) to allow access to the proximal and mid-rectum for resection of benign and early-stage malignant rectal lesions. The TAMIS technique can also be used for noncurative intent surgery of more advanced lesions in patients who are not candidates for radical surgery. Proper workup and staging should be done before surgical decision-making. In addition to the TAMIS port, instrumentation and set up include readily available equipment found in most operating suites. TAMIS has proven its usefulness in a wide range of applications outside of local excision, including repair of rectourethral fistula, removal of rectal foreign body, control of rectal hemorrhage, and as an adjunct in total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer. TAMIS is an easily accessible, technically feasible, and cost-effective alternative to TEM. PMID:26491410

  14. Comparative effectiveness of open versus minimally invasive sacroiliac joint fusion

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    Ledonio CGT


    Full Text Available Charles GT Ledonio,1 David W Polly Jr,1 Marc F Swiontkowski,1 John T Cummings Jr2 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN, 2Community Neurosurgical Care, Indianapolis, IN, USA Background: The mainstay of sacroiliac joint disruption/degenerative sacroiliitis therapy has been nonoperative management. This nonoperative management often includes a regimen of physical therapy, chiropractic treatment, therapeutic injections, and possibly radiofrequency ablation at the discretion of the treating physician. When these clinical treatments fail, sacroiliac joint fusion has been recommended as the standard treatment. Open and minimally invasive (MIS surgical techniques are typical procedures. This study aims to compare the perioperative measures and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI outcomes associated with each of these techniques. Methods: A comparative retrospective chart review of patients with sacroiliac joint fusion and a minimum of 1 year of follow-up was performed. Perioperative measures and ODI scores were compared using the Fisher's exact test and two nonparametric tests, ie, the Mann–Whitney U test and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The results are presented as percent or median with range, as appropriate. Results: Forty-nine patients from two institutions underwent sacroiliac joint fusion between 2006 and 2012. Ten patients were excluded because of incomplete data, leaving 39 evaluable patients, of whom 22 underwent open and 17 underwent MIS sacroiliac joint fusion. The MIS group was significantly older (median age 66 [39–82] years than the open group (median age 51 [34–74] years. Surgical time and hospital stay were significantly shorter in the MIS group than in the open group. Preoperative ODI was significantly greater in the open group (median 64 [44–78] than in the MIS group (median 53 [14–84]. Postoperative improvement in ODI was statistically significant within and between groups, with MIS

  15. Minimally invasive cervical spine surgery. (United States)

    Skovrlj, Branko; Qureshi, Sheeraz A


    Degenerative disorders of the cervical spine requiring surgical intervention have become increasingly more common over the past decade. Traditionally, open surgical approaches have been the mainstay of surgical treatment. More commonly, minimally invasive techniques are being developed with the intent to decrease surgical morbidity and iatrogenic spinal instability. This study will review four minimally invasive cervical techniques that have been increasingly utilized in the treatment of degenerative cervical spine disease. A series of PubMed-National Library of Medicine searches were performed. Only articles in English journals or with published with English language translations were included. Level of evidence of the selected articles was assessed. The significant incidence of postoperative dysphagia following ACDF has led to the development and increased use of zero-profile, stand-alone anterior cervical cages. The currently available literature examining the safety and effectiveness of zero-profile interbody devices supports the use of these devices in patients undergoing single-level ACDF. A multitude of studies demonstrating the significant incidence and impact of axial neck pain following open posterior spine surgery have led to a wave of research and development of techniques aimed at minimizing posterior cervical paraspinal disruption while achieving appropriate neurological decompression and/or spinal fixation. The currently available literature supports the use of minimally invasive posterior cervical laminoforaminotomy for the treatment of single-level radiculopathy. The literature suggests that fluoroscopically-assisted percutaneous cervical lateral mass screw fixation appears to be a technically feasible, safe and minimally invasive technique. Based on the currently available literature it appears that the DTRAX® expandable cage system is an effective minimally invasive posterior cervical technique for the treatment of single-level cervical

  16. Effectiveness and efficacy of minimally invasive lung volume reduction surgery for emphysema

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    Pertl, Daniela


    Full Text Available [english] Lung emphysema is a chronic, progressive and irreversible destruction of the lung tissue. Besides non-medical therapies and the well established medical treatment there are surgical and minimally invasive methods for lung volume reduction (LVR to treat severe emphysema. This report deals with the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of minimally invasive methods compared to other treatments for LVR in patients with lung emphysema. Furthermore, legal and ethical aspects are discussed. No clear benefit of minimally invasive methods compared to surgical methods can be demonstrated based on the identified and included evidence. In order to assess the different methods for LVR regarding their relative effectiveness and safety in patients with lung emphysema direct comparative studies are necessary.

  17. [Minimally invasive approach for cervical spondylotic radiculopathy]. (United States)

    Ding, Liang; Sun, Taicun; Huang, Yonghui


    To summarize the recent minimally invasive approach for cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR). The recent literature at home and abroad concerning minimally invasive approach for CSR was reviewed and summarized. There were two techniques of minimally invasive approach for CSR at present: percutaneous puncture techniques and endoscopic techniques. The degenerate intervertebral disc was resected or nucleolysis by percutaneous puncture technique if CSR was caused by mild or moderate intervertebral disc herniations. The cervical microendoscopic discectomy and foraminotomy was an effective minimally invasive approach which could provide a clear view. The endoscopy techniques were suitable to treat CSR caused by foraminal osteophytes, lateral disc herniations, local ligamentum flavum thickening and spondylotic foraminal stenosis. The minimally invasive procedure has the advantages of simple handling, minimally invasive and low incidence of complications. But the scope of indications is relatively narrow at present.

  18. Minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty. (United States)

    Bonutti, Peter M; Mont, Michael A; McMahon, Margo; Ragland, Phillip S; Kester, Mark


    the minimally invasive surgical approach reduces hospital stays, decreases postoperative pain, and decreases rehabilitation needs as well as enables patients to return to normal function more quickly. It is important for surgeons to take an evolutionary, rather than a revolutionary, approach when performing minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty. The surgeon should downsize incisions progressively to prevent severe damage to the quadriceps mechanism. Extensive open exposure, prolonged patellar eversion, and dislocation of the tibiofemoral joint should evolve into a vastus medialis muscle split with patellar subluxation, retraction but not dislocation of the patella, and avoidance of gross dislocation of the tibiofemoral joint. Developing the techniques of minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty may be difficult and time-consuming, but patient benefits and satisfaction should outweigh the extra effort required. These changes require well-designed clinical studies to further document their effectiveness.

  19. The Effect of Microneedle Thickness on Pain During Minimally Invasive Facial Procedures: A Clinical Study. (United States)

    Sezgin, Billur; Ozel, Bora; Bulam, Hakan; Guney, Kirdar; Tuncer, Serhan; Cenetoglu, Seyhan


    Minimally invasive procedures are becoming increasingly popular because they require minimal downtime and are effective for achieving a more youthful appearance. The choice of needle for minimally invasive procedures can be a major factor in the patient's comfort level, which in turn affects the physician's comfort level. In this comparative study, the authors assessed levels of pain and bruising after participants were injected with 30-gauge or 33-gauge (G) microneedles, which are commonly used for minimally invasive injection procedures. Twenty healthy volunteers were recruited for this prospective study. Eight injection points (4 on each side of the face) were determined for each patient. All participants received injections of saline with both microneedles in a randomized, blinded fashion. Levels of pain and bruising were assessed and analyzed for significance. The highest level of pain was in the malar region, and the lowest level was in the glabella. Although all pain scores were lower for the 33-G microneedle, the difference was significant only for the forehead. Because most minimally invasive procedures require multiple injections during the same sitting, the overall procedure was evaluated as well. Assessment of the multiple-injection process demonstrated a significant difference in pain level, favoring the 33-G needle. Although the difference in bruising was not statistically significant between the 2 needles, the degree of bruising was lower with the 33-G needle. For procedures that involve multiple injections to the face (such as mesotherapy and injection of botulinum toxin A), thinner needles result in less pain, making the overall experience more comfortable for the patient and the physician. 3. © 2014 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc.

  20. Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive (United States)

    ... and lifestyle Cholesterol - drug treatment Controlling your high blood pressure Dietary fats explained Fast food tips Heart attack - discharge Heart attack - what to ask your doctor Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive - discharge Heart disease - risk factors Heart pacemaker - discharge ...

  1. Introduction. Minimally invasive therapy in five European countries: diffusion, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Banta, H.D.


    Minimally invasive therapy (MIT) is a field that has gained a great deal of attention since the mid-1980s. MIT is a new and rapidly growing area of medical treatment based on developments in endoscopy, vascular catheters, imaging devices, and related technologies. Although endoscopes have been in

  2. Hallux valgus: effectiveness and safety of minimally invasive surgery. A systematic review. (United States)

    Maffulli, Nicola; Longo, Umile Giuseppe; Marinozzi, Andrea; Denaro, Vincenzo


    Minimally invasive techniques for hallux valgus correction include arthroscopy, percutaneous and minimum incision surgery. In the last few decades, several techniques have been increasingly used. We performed a comprehensive search of CINAHL, Embase, Medline, HealthSTAR and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials, from inception of the database to 4 January 2010, using various combinations of the keywords terms 'Bosch', 'PDO', 'percutaneous distal osteotomy', 'SERI', 'percutaneous', 'minimal incision', 'minimum incision', 'minimally invasive', 'less invasive', 'mini-invasive', 'hallux valgus', 'bunion', 'surgery', 'arthroscopy', 'metatarsal' 'forefoot'. Only articles published in peer reviewed journals were included in this systematic review. Several new techniques are available for minimally invasive correction of the hallux valgus. Minimally invasive correction of the hallux valgus may provide better outcome for patients who would not recover well from traditional open approaches, because of decreasing recovery and rehabilitation times, as surgical exposure and deep tissue dissection are smaller and gentler to the soft tissues. Data are lacking to allow definitive conclusions on the use of these techniques for routine management of patients with hallux valgus. Given the limitations of the current case series, especially the extensive clinical heterogeneity, it is not possible to determine clear recommendations regarding the systematic use of minimally invasive surgery for hallux valgus correction, even though preliminary results are encouraging. Studies of higher levels of evidence, concentrating on large adequately powered randomized trials, should be conducted to help answer these questions.

  3. Effects of realistic force feedback in a robotic assisted minimally invasive surgery system. (United States)

    Moradi Dalvand, Mohsen; Shirinzadeh, Bijan; Nahavandi, Saeid; Smith, Julian


    Robotic assisted minimally invasive surgery systems not only have the advantages of traditional laparoscopic procedures but also restore the surgeon's hand-eye coordination and improve the surgeon's precision by filtering hand tremors. Unfortunately, these benefits have come at the expense of the surgeon's ability to feel. Several research efforts have already attempted to restore this feature and study the effects of force feedback in robotic systems. The proposed methods and studies have some shortcomings. The main focus of this research is to overcome some of these limitations and to study the effects of force feedback in palpation in a more realistic fashion. A parallel robot assisted minimally invasive surgery system (PRAMiSS) with force feedback capabilities was employed to study the effects of realistic force feedback in palpation of artificial tissue samples. PRAMiSS is capable of actually measuring the tip/tissue interaction forces directly from the surgery site. Four sets of experiments using only vision feedback, only force feedback, simultaneous force and vision feedback and direct manipulation were conducted to evaluate the role of sensory feedback from sideways tip/tissue interaction forces with a scale factor of 100% in characterising tissues of varying stiffness. Twenty human subjects were involved in the experiments for at least 1440 trials. Friedman and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were employed to statistically analyse the experimental results. Providing realistic force feedback in robotic assisted surgery systems improves the quality of tissue characterization procedures. Force feedback capability also increases the certainty of characterizing soft tissues compared with direct palpation using the lateral sides of index fingers. The force feedback capability can improve the quality of palpation and characterization of soft tissues of varying stiffness by restoring sense of touch in robotic assisted minimally invasive surgery operations.

  4. Economic impact of minimally invasive lumbar surgery. (United States)

    Hofstetter, Christoph P; Hofer, Anna S; Wang, Michael Y


    Cost effectiveness has been demonstrated for traditional lumbar discectomy, lumbar laminectomy as well as for instrumented and noninstrumented arthrodesis. While emerging evidence suggests that minimally invasive spine surgery reduces morbidity, duration of hospitalization, and accelerates return to activites of daily living, data regarding cost effectiveness of these novel techniques is limited. The current study analyzes all available data on minimally invasive techniques for lumbar discectomy, decompression, short-segment fusion and deformity surgery. In general, minimally invasive spine procedures appear to hold promise in quicker patient recovery times and earlier return to work. Thus, minimally invasive lumbar spine surgery appears to have the potential to be a cost-effective intervention. Moreover, novel less invasive procedures are less destabilizing and may therefore be utilized in certain indications that traditionally required arthrodesis procedures. However, there is a lack of studies analyzing the economic impact of minimally invasive spine surgery. Future studies are necessary to confirm the durability and further define indications for minimally invasive lumbar spine procedures.

  5. Minimally Invasive Heart Valve Surgery. (United States)

    Bouhout, Ismail; Morgant, Marie-Catherine; Bouchard, Denis


    Minimally invasive valve surgery represents a recent and significant advance in modern heart surgery. Indeed, many less invasive approaches for both the aortic and mitral valves have been developed in the past 2 decades. These procedures were hypothesized to result in less operative trauma, which might translate into better patient outcomes. However, this clinical benefit remains controversial in the literature. The aim of this review is to discuss the evidence surrounding minimally invasive heart valve surgery in the current era. A systematic search of the literature from 2006-2016 was performed looking for articles reporting early or late outcomes after minimally invasive valve surgery. Less invasive valve surgery is safe and provides long-term surgical outcomes similar to those of standard sternotomy. In addition, these approaches result in a reduction in overall hospital length of stay and may mitigate the risk of early morbidity-mainly postoperative bleeding, transfusions, and ventilation duration. Copyright © 2017 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foghsgaard, Signe; Schmidt, Thomas Andersen; Kjaergard, Henrik K


    In this descriptive prospective study, we evaluate the outcomes of surgery in 98 patients who were scheduled to undergo minimally invasive aortic valve replacement. These patients were compared with a group of 50 patients who underwent scheduled aortic valve replacement through a full sternotomy...

  7. Minimally Invasive Video-Assisted versus Minimally Invasive Nonendoscopic Thyroidectomy

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    Zdeněk Fík


    Full Text Available Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT and minimally invasive nonendoscopic thyroidectomy (MINET represent well accepted and reproducible techniques developed with the main goal to improve cosmetic outcome, accelerate healing, and increase patient’s comfort following thyroid surgery. Between 2007 and 2011, a prospective nonrandomized study of patients undergoing minimally invasive thyroid surgery was performed to compare advantages and disadvantages of the two different techniques. There were no significant differences in the length of incision to perform surgical procedures. Mean duration of hemithyroidectomy was comparable in both groups, but it was more time consuming to perform total thyroidectomy by MIVAT. There were more patients undergoing MIVAT procedures without active drainage in the postoperative course and we also could see a trend for less pain in the same group. This was paralleled by statistically significant decreased administration of both opiates and nonopiate analgesics. We encountered two cases of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsies in the MIVAT group only. MIVAT and MINET represent safe and feasible alternative to conventional thyroid surgery in selected cases and this prospective study has shown minimal differences between these two techniques.

  8. Is circumferential minimally invasive surgery effective in the treatment of moderate adult idiopathic scoliosis? (United States)

    Anand, Neel; Baron, Eli M; Khandehroo, Babak


    Outcomes for minimally invasive scoliosis correction surgery have been reported for mild adult scoliosis. Larger curves historically have been treated with open surgical procedures including facet resections or posterior column osteotomies, which have been associated with high-volume blood loss. Further, minimally invasive techniques have been largely reported in the setting of degenerative scoliosis. We describe the effects of circumferential minimally invasive surgery (cMIS) for moderate to severe scoliosis in terms of (1) operative time and blood loss, (2) overall health and disease-specific patient-reported outcomes, (3) deformity correction and fusion rate, and (4) frequency and types of complications. Between January 2007 and January 2012, we performed 50 cMIS adult idiopathic scoliosis corrections in patients with a Cobb angle of greater than 30° but less than 75° who did not have prior thoracolumbar fusion surgery; this series represented all patients we treated surgically during that time meeting those indications. Our general indications for this approach during that period were increasing back pain unresponsive to nonoperative therapy with cosmetic and radiographic worsening of curves. Surgical times and estimated blood loss were recorded. Functional clinical outcomes including VAS pain score, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and SF-36 were recorded preoperatively and postoperatively. Patients' deformity correction was assessed on pre- and postoperative 36-inch (91-cm) standing films and fusion was assessed on CT scan. Minimum followup was 24 months (mean, 48 months; range, 24-77 months). Mean blood loss was 613 mL for one-stage surgery and 763 mL for two-stage surgery. Mean operative time was 351 minutes for one-stage surgery and 482 minutes for two-stage surgery. At last followup, mean VAS and ODI scores decreased from 5.7 and 44 preoperatively to 2.9 and 22 (p surgery in 10 more patients at last followup. cMIS provides for good clinical and

  9. Effect of Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy on Lung Volume and Ventilation in Preterm Infants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Burg, Pauline S.; de Jongh, Frans H.; Miedema, Martijn; Frerichs, Inez; van Kaam, Anton H.


    To assess the changes in (regional) lung volume and gas exchange during minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. In this prospective observational study, infants requiring a fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ≥ 0.30 during nasal continuous

  10. Effects of Camera Arrangement on Perceptual-Motor Performance in Minimally Invasive Surgery (United States)

    Delucia, Patricia R.; Griswold, John A.


    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is performed for a growing number of treatments. Whereas open surgery requires large incisions, MIS relies on small incisions through which instruments are inserted and tissues are visualized with a camera. MIS results in benefits for patients compared with open surgery, but degrades the surgeon's perceptual-motor…

  11. Minimal Invasive Urologic Surgery and Postoperative Ileus

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    Fouad Aoun


    Full Text Available Postoperative ileus (POI is the most common cause of prolonged length of hospital stays (LOS and associated healthcare costs. The advent of minimal invasive technique was a major breakthrough in the urologic landscape with great potential to progress in the future. In the field of gastrointestinal surgery, several studies had reported lower incidence rates for POI following minimal invasive surgery compared to conventional open procedures. In contrast, little is known about the effect of minimal invasive approach on the recovery of bowel motility after urologic surgery. We performed an overview of the potential benefit of minimal invasive approach on POI for urologic procedures. The mechanisms and risk factors responsible for the onset of POI are discussed with emphasis on the advantages of minimal invasive approach. In the urologic field, POI is the main complication following radical cystectomy but it is rarely of clinical significance for other minimal invasive interventions. Laparoscopy or robotic assisted laparoscopic techniques when studied individually may reduce to their own the duration and prevent the onset of POI in a subset of procedures. The potential influence of age and urinary diversion type on postoperative ileus is contradictory in the literature. There is some evidence suggesting that BMI, blood loss, urinary extravasation, existence of a major complication, bowel resection, operative time and transperitoneal approach are independent risk factors for POI. Treatment of POI remains elusive. One of the most important and effective management strategies for patients undergoing radical cystectomy has been the development and use of enhanced recovery programs. An optimal rational strategy to shorten the duration of POI should incorporate minimal invasive approach when appropriate into multimodal fast track programs designed to reduce POI and shorten LOS.

  12. Minimally invasive surgical therapies for benign prostatic hypertrophy: The rise in minimally invasive surgical therapies

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    Daniel Christidis


    The role of minimally invasive surgical therapies in the treatment of BPH is still yet to be strongly defined. Given the experimental nature of many of the modalities, further study is required prior to their recommendation as alternatives to invasive surgical therapy. More mature evidence is required for the analysis of durability of effect of these therapies to make robust conclusions of their effectiveness.

  13. Therapeutic effect of minimally invasive intracranial hematoma evacuation in the treatment of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage and TCD evaluation

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    Zi-Hao Zhang


    Full Text Available Objective: To explore the therapeutic effect of minimally invasive intracranial hematoma evacuation in the treatment of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage and the value of dynamic TCD monitoring in predicting the neurological function recovery. Methods: A total of 70 patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage who were admitted in our hospital were included in the study and divided into the minimally invasive group and conservative group with 35 cases in each group according to different treatment protocols. The patients in the two groups were given drug conservative treatments. On this basis, the patients in the minimally invasive group were given urokinase in combined with minimally invasive hematoma puncture with YL-1 type needle. TCD was performed before treatment, 1 d, 5 d, 10 d, and 21 d after treatment. The hematoma and edema volume was calculated. NIHSS was used to evaluate the neurological function recovery. Results: Vs, Vd, and Vm after treatment in the minimally invasive group were significantly elevated, while PI was significantly reduced. Vs, Vd, and Vm after treatment in the conservative group were reduced first and elevated later, while PI was elevated first and reduced later, and reached the lowest/peak 10d after treatment. Vs, Vd, and Vm 5 d, 10 d, and 21 d after treatment in the minimally invasive group were significantly higher than those in the conservative group, while PI was significantly lower than that in the conservative group. The hematoma and edema volume after treatment in the two groups was significantly reduced. The hematoma and edema volume at each timing point was significantly lower than that in the conservative group. NIHSS score after treatment in the minimally invasive group was significantly reduced. NIHSS score in the conservative group was elevated first and reduced later, reached the peak 10d after treatment, and at each timing point was higher than that in the minimally invasive group. Conclusions: The

  14. Effectiveness of Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis (MIPO on Comminuted Tibial or Femoral Fractures

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    Ali Andalib


    Full Text Available Background: Comminuted fractures happen frequently due to traumas. Fixation without opening the fracture site,known as minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO, has recently become prevalent. This study has beendesigned to assess the outcomes of this treatment for tibial and femoral comminuted fractures.Methods: A total of 60 patients with comminuted femoral or tibial fractures were operated with MIPO method in thiscross-sectional study at Alzahra university hospital in 2015. Eleven patients were excluded due to lack of adequatefollow-ups. Patients’data including union time; infection in the fractured site; hip and knee range of motion; and anymalunion or deformities like limb length discrepancy were collected after the surgery in every session.Results: Among 32 femoral and 17 tibial fractures, union was completed in48 patients, while only one patient withfemoral fracture had nonunion. The mean union time was 18.57±2.42 weeks. Femur fractures healed faster than tibia(17.76±2.36 compared to 19±2.37 weeks, respectively, P=0.09. None of the patients suffered from infections or fistula.The range of motion in hip and knee remained intact in approximately all patients. Malunion happened in 3 patients; 100internal rotation in 1 patient; and 1cm limb shortening in 2 patients.Conclusion: According to the result of this study, MIPO is a simple and effective method of fixation with a high rateof union as well as minimal complications for comminuted fractures of long bones. Infection is rare, and malunion orany deformity is infrequent. MIPO appears to be a promising and safe treatment alternative for comminuted fractures.

  15. Minimally invasive surgery for the lumbar spine. (United States)

    Gandhi, S D; Anderson, D G


    Minimally invasive spine surgery is a rapidly developing field that has the potential to decrease surgical morbidity and improve recovery compared to traditional spinal approaches. Minimally invasive approaches have been developed for all regions of the spine, but have been best documented for degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine. Lumbar decompression and lumbar interbody fusion are two of the most well-studied minimally invasive surgical approaches. This article will review both the rationale and technique for minimally invasive lumbar decompression and for a minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF).

  16. Minimally invasive surgery in pelvic floor repair. (United States)

    Zwain, Omar; Aoun, Joelle; Eisenstein, David


    To review the use and efficacy of minimally invasive surgery in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair. This review summarizes surgical options for management of POP with special emphasis on minimally invasive surgical approach and discusses the recent experience and feasibility of integrating robot-assisted technology. Minimally invasive approaches have equal efficacy and less morbidity than laparotomy for POP repair, particularly apical prolapse. Robotics may facilitate the rate of minimally invasive surgery for POP repair with greater cost and as yet no proven superiority for conventional laparoscopy. Minimally invasive surgery is the preferred approach to POP repair. Conventional laparoscopic or robotic sacral colpopexy is recommended for apical defect and procidentia.


    Tabata, Minoru


    Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) is defined as aortic valve replacement avoiding full sternotomy. Common approaches include a partial sternotomy right thoracotomy, and a parasternal approach. MIAVR has been shown to have advantages over conventional AVR such as shorter length of stay and smaller amount of blood transfusion and better cosmesis. However, it is also known to have disadvantages such as longer cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross-clamp times and potential complications related to peripheral cannulation. Appropriate patient selection is very important. Since the procedure is more complex than conventional AVR, more intensive teamwork in the operating room is essential. Additionally, a team approach during postoperative management is critical to maximize the benefits of MIAVR.

  18. Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive - discharge (United States)

    Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass - discharge; MIDCAB - discharge; Robot assisted coronary artery bypass - discharge; RACAB - discharge; Keyhole heart surgery - discharge; Coronary artery disease - MIDCAB discharge; CAD - ...

  19. Minimally invasive approaches to the cervical spine. (United States)

    Celestre, Paul C; Pazmiño, Pablo R; Mikhael, Mark M; Wolf, Christopher F; Feldman, Lacey A; Lauryssen, Carl; Wang, Jeffrey C


    Minimally invasive approaches and operative techniques are becoming increasingly popular for the treatment of cervical spine disorders. Minimally invasive spine surgery attempts to decrease iatrogenic muscle injury, decrease pain, and speed postoperative recovery with the use of smaller incisions and specialized instruments. This article explains in detail minimally invasive approaches to the posterior spine, the techniques for posterior cervical foraminotomy and arthrodesis via lateral mass screw placement, and anterior cervical foraminotomy. Complications are also discussed. Additionally, illustrated cases are presented detailing the use of minimally invasive surgical techniques. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Robotic assisted minimally invasive surgery

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    Palep Jaydeep


    Full Text Available The term "robot" was coined by the Czech playright Karel Capek in 1921 in his play Rossom′s Universal Robots. The word "robot" is from the check word robota which means forced labor.The era of robots in surgery commenced in 1994 when the first AESOP (voice controlled camera holder prototype robot was used clinically in 1993 and then marketed as the first surgical robot ever in 1994 by the US FDA. Since then many robot prototypes like the Endoassist (Armstrong Healthcare Ltd., High Wycombe, Buck, UK, FIPS endoarm (Karlsruhe Research Center, Karlsruhe, Germany have been developed to add to the functions of the robot and try and increase its utility. Integrated Surgical Systems (now Intuitive Surgery, Inc. redesigned the SRI Green Telepresence Surgery system and created the daVinci Surgical System ® classified as a master-slave surgical system. It uses true 3-D visualization and EndoWrist ® . It was approved by FDA in July 2000 for general laparoscopic surgery, in November 2002 for mitral valve repair surgery. The da Vinci robot is currently being used in various fields such as urology, general surgery, gynecology, cardio-thoracic, pediatric and ENT surgery. It provides several advantages to conventional laparoscopy such as 3D vision, motion scaling, intuitive movements, visual immersion and tremor filtration. The advent of robotics has increased the use of minimally invasive surgery among laparoscopically naοve surgeons and expanded the repertoire of experienced surgeons to include more advanced and complex reconstructions.

  1. Effects of minimally invasive decompression surgery on quality of life in older patients with spinal stenosis. (United States)

    Dagistan, Yasar; Dagistan, Emine; Gezici, Ali Riza; Cancan, Seçkin Emre; Bilgi, Murat; Cakir, Ugur


    Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) in the elderly may result in a progressive narrowing of the spinal canal leading to compression of nerve roots in some individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life changes after minimally invasive decompression surgery without instrumentation in geriatric patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. This prospective clinical study included 37 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) II-III scores between the ages of 65 and 86 years, who were planned to undergo surgical intervention due to LSS. All patients had neurogenic claudication and pain in the hips, thighs, and legs. Measurements of the osseous spinal canal were evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging. Before the surgical intervention, patient demographics and clinical characteristics were recorded. The Short-Form-36 test, the Oswestry Disability Index, and the Visual Analog Scale were applied to all patients preoperatively and two years postoperatively. In the study population, 11 patients had single level of spinal stenosis, 20 patients had two levels of spinal stenosis, and six patients had three levels of spinal stenosis. There were significant differences between the preoperative and postoperative ODI and VAS scores. There was a statistically significant difference in all subscales of the SF-36 test with the exception of general health scores. Three patients who had dural damage during the operation were treated with bio glue. Also, no patients were recorded to have any neurological deficits and root injuries postoperatively. Minimally invasive decompression surgery, without instrumentation, for lumbar spinal stenosis in geriatric patients significantly improves the patients' quality of life. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Effectiveness of minimally invasive surgical procedures in the acceleration of tooth movement: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (United States)

    Alfawal, Alaa M H; Hajeer, Mohammad Y; Ajaj, Mowaffak A; Hamadah, Omar; Brad, Bassel


    The objective of this study was to assess systematically the available scientific evidence relating the efficiency of minimally invasive surgical procedures in accelerating orthodontic tooth movement and the adverse effects associated with these procedures. Electronic search of these databases CENTRAL, EMBASE, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar Beta, Trip, OpenGrey and PQDT OPEN was performed (last updated January 2016). The reference lists of the included studies were hand searched. Unpublished literature and ongoing studies were also checked electronically through and (ICTRP). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with patients who received minimally invasive surgical procedures combined with fixed orthodontic appliances compared with conventional treatment were included. Cochrane's risk of bias tool was used to assess risk of bias. Four RCTs (61 patients) and nine ongoing protocols were included in this review. Only three RCTs were suitable for quantitative synthesis. Higher tooth movement rate was found with the minimally invasive surgical procedures by a weighted mean difference of 0.65 mm for 1 month of canine retraction (WMD = 0.65: 95 % CI (0.54, 0.76), p < 0.001) and by a weighted mean difference 1.41 mm for 2 months (WMD = 1.41: 95 % CI (0.81, 2.01), p < 0.001). No adverse effects associated with these procedures were reported. There is limited available evidence about the effectiveness of minimally invasive surgically accelerated orthodontics (MISAO). Although the current review indicated that MISAO can help in accelerating canine retraction, further research in this domain should be performed before it can be recommended in everyday clinical practice.

  3. Curative effect of minimally invasive puncture and drainage assisted with alteplase on treatment of acute intracerebral hemorrhage

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    Jun-Lin Hu


    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate the different effects on evacuation of hematoma, the severity of nerve injury, inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress response in the treatment of acute intracerebral hemorrhage by using minimally invasive puncture and drainage assisted with alteplase or urokinase. Methods: A total of 114 patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage treated with minimally invasive puncture and drainage in our hospital from May 2012 to October 2015 were retrospectively analyzed and divided into alteplase group and urokinase group, which received adjuvant therapy with alteplase and urokinase, respectively. Before and after treatment, CT was used for scanning, and the volume of hematoma and edema and the distance of midline shift were examined. After treatment, serum was collected for detecting the contents of molecular markers of nerve injury, inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress response. Results: On the 3rd day after treatment, the volume of hematoma and edema and the distance of midline shift in minimally invasive group were significantly lower than those of craniotomy group, and incidence of intracranial infection was lower than that of craniotomy group. There was no significant difference of rebleeding incidence compared to craniotomy group. The serum contents of osteopontin, S100β, glial fibrillary acidic protein, neuron-specific enolase, myelin basic protein, neuropeptide Y, ischemia modified albumin, tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, highmobility group protein 1, malonaldehyde, advanced oxidation protein products and 8-hydroxy- 2'-deoxyguanosine urine of patients from alteplase group were significantly lower than those of urokinase group. The content of total antioxidant capacity was obviously higher than that of urokinase group. Conclusions: As for the effect on evacuation of hematoma and also the ameliorative effect on nerve injury

  4. Effectiveness of minimally invasive surgical procedures in the acceleration of tooth movement: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alaa M. H. Alfawal


    Full Text Available Abstract Objective The objective of this study was to assess systematically the available scientific evidence relating the efficiency of minimally invasive surgical procedures in accelerating orthodontic tooth movement and the adverse effects associated with these procedures. Methods Electronic search of these databases CENTRAL, EMBASE, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar Beta, Trip, OpenGrey and PQDT OPEN was performed (last updated January 2016. The reference lists of the included studies were hand searched. Unpublished literature and ongoing studies were also checked electronically through and (ICTRP. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs with patients who received minimally invasive surgical procedures combined with fixed orthodontic appliances compared with conventional treatment were included. Cochrane’s risk of bias tool was used to assess risk of bias. Results Four RCTs (61 patients and nine ongoing protocols were included in this review. Only three RCTs were suitable for quantitative synthesis. Higher tooth movement rate was found with the minimally invasive surgical procedures by a weighted mean difference of 0.65 mm for 1 month of canine retraction (WMD = 0.65: 95 % CI (0.54, 0.76, p < 0.001 and by a weighted mean difference 1.41 mm for 2 months (WMD = 1.41: 95 % CI (0.81, 2.01, p < 0.001. No adverse effects associated with these procedures were reported. Conclusions There is limited available evidence about the effectiveness of minimally invasive surgically accelerated orthodontics (MISAO. Although the current review indicated that MISAO can help in accelerating canine retraction, further research in this domain should be performed before it can be recommended in everyday clinical practice.

  5. Minimally invasive spine surgery in spinal infections. (United States)

    Verdú-López, F; Vanaclocha-Vanaclocha, V; Gozalbes-Esterelles, L; Sánchez-Pardo, M


    Infections of the spine have been a constant throughout history. At present there are infections in the spine fostered in part by the same advances in medicine: there are a lot of immunocompromised patients, the life expectancy of patients with chronic diseases is augmented and the increasing number of complex spinal surgeries can result in secondary infection. In this review the main types of infection of the spine and its treatment highlighting techniques in minimally invasive surgery are discussed. Spontaneous pyogenic and nonpyogenic spine infections as well as iatrogenic infections can be treated in a different manner depending on its extension, location and microorganism involved. We will review the use and the indication of percutaneous image-guided techniques, endoscopic and microsurgical techniques with or without use of tubular retractors. We conclude that techniques in minimally invasive surgery in spine infections are safe, effective and have benefits in morbidity of the approach and subsequent patient recovery.

  6. Comparing cost-effectiveness of X-Stop with minimally invasive decompression in lumbar spinal stenosis: a randomized controlled trial. (United States)

    Lønne, Greger; Johnsen, Lars Gunnar; Aas, Eline; Lydersen, Stian; Andresen, Hege; Rønning, Roar; Nygaard, Øystein P


    Randomized clinical trial with 2-year follow-up. To compare the cost-effectiveness of X-stop to minimally invasive decompression in patients with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis. Lumbar spinal stenosis is the most common indication for operative treatment in elderly. Although surgery is more costly than nonoperative treatment, health outcomes for more than 2 years were shown to be significantly better. Surgical treatment with minimally invasive decompression is widely used. X-stop is introduced as another minimally invasive technique showing good results compared with nonoperative treatment. We enrolled 96 patients aged 50 to 85 years, with symptoms of neurogenic intermittent claudication within 250-m walking distance and 1- or 2-level lumbar spinal stenosis, randomized to either minimally invasive decompression or X-stop. Quality-adjusted life-years were based on EuroQol EQ-5D. The hospital unit costs were estimated by means of the top-down approach. Each cost unit was converted into a monetary value by dividing the overall cost by the amount of cost units produced. The analysis of costs and health outcomes is presented by the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio. The study was terminated after a midway interim analysis because of significantly higher reoperation rate in the X-stop group (33%). The incremental cost for X-stop compared with minimally invasive decompression was &OV0556;2832 (95% confidence interval: 1886-3778), whereas the incremental health gain was 0.11 quality-adjusted life-year (95% confidence interval: -0.01 to 0.23). Based on the incremental cost and effect, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was &OV0556;25,700. The majority of the bootstrap samples displayed in the northeast corner of the cost-effectiveness plane, giving a 50% likelihood that X-stop is cost-effective at the extra cost of &OV0556;25,700 (incremental cost-effectiveness ratio) for a quality-adjusted life-year. The significantly higher cost of X-stop is mainly due to

  7. Robotic assisted minimally invasive surgery (United States)

    Palep, Jaydeep H


    The term “robot” was coined by the Czech playright Karel Capek in 1921 in his play Rossom's Universal Robots. The word “robot” is from the check word robota which means forced labor. The era of robots in surgery commenced in 1994 when the first AESOP (voice controlled camera holder) prototype robot was used clinically in 1993 and then marketed as the first surgical robot ever in 1994 by the US FDA. Since then many robot prototypes like the Endoassist (Armstrong Healthcare Ltd., High Wycombe, Buck, UK), FIPS endoarm (Karlsruhe Research Center, Karlsruhe, Germany) have been developed to add to the functions of the robot and try and increase its utility. Integrated Surgical Systems (now Intuitive Surgery, Inc.) redesigned the SRI Green Telepresence Surgery system and created the daVinci Surgical System® classified as a master-slave surgical system. It uses true 3-D visualization and EndoWrist®. It was approved by FDA in July 2000 for general laparoscopic surgery, in November 2002 for mitral valve repair surgery. The da Vinci robot is currently being used in various fields such as urology, general surgery, gynecology, cardio-thoracic, pediatric and ENT surgery. It provides several advantages to conventional laparoscopy such as 3D vision, motion scaling, intuitive movements, visual immersion and tremor filtration. The advent of robotics has increased the use of minimally invasive surgery among laparoscopically naïve surgeons and expanded the repertoire of experienced surgeons to include more advanced and complex reconstructions. PMID:19547687

  8. Minimally invasive operative care. I. Minimal intervention and concepts for minimally invasive cavity preparations. (United States)

    Peters, M C; McLean, M E


    From the mainly reparative dentistry of the 20th century, contemporary dentistry shifts towards a minimal intervention (MI) approach encompassing up-to-date caries diagnosis and risk assessment before arriving at a treatment decision. An overview is provided of incorporating MI philosophy into the field of operative dentistry. The ultimate goal of MI is to extend the lifetime of restored teeth with as little intervention as possible. When operative care is indicated, it should be aimed at "prevention of extension." Black's principles for cavity design are considered and put in the perspective of minimally invasive operative care. Guiding principles for contemporary adhesive cavities are reviewed. Contemporary operative care should be based on a minimally invasive approach. Minimal intervention is not just a technique, it is a philosophy!

  9. Minimally invasive direct restorations: a practical guide. (United States)

    Mackenzie, L; Banerjee, A


    The primary objectives of minimum intervention dentistry (MID) are to prevent or arrest active disease using non-operative management techniques. However, patients commonly present with cavitated caries lesions or failed restorations that are in need of operative intervention. Although much of clinical practice is devoted to preventing and managing the effects of caries and subsequent failure of the tooth-restoration complex, the clinical survival of restorations is often poor and becomes significantly worse as they increase in size and complexity. Minimally invasive (MI) restorative techniques present a range of well-documented advantages over more tissue-destructive traditional restorations by minimising unnecessary tooth tissue loss, insult to the dentine-pulp complex and reducing the risk of iatrogenic damage to adjacent hard and soft tissues. They also maximise the strength of the residual tooth structure by use of optimal adhesive restorative materials designed to restore function and aesthetics with durable, long-lasting restorations that are easy for the patient to maintain. In contemporary oral healthcare practice, if patients are to give valid consent for operative interventions, minimally invasive options must be offered, and may be expected to be the first choice of fully informed patients. This paper describes concepts of MID and provides an update of the latest materials, equipment and clinical techniques that are available for the minimally invasive restoration of anterior and posterior teeth with direct restorations.

  10. Does Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Minimize Surgical Site Infections? (United States)

    Patel, Ravish Shammi; Dutta, Shumayou


    Study Design Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. Purpose To evaluate the incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) in minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) in a cohort of patients and compare with available historical data on SSI in open spinal surgery cohorts, and to evaluate additional direct costs incurred due to SSI. Overview of Literature SSI can lead to prolonged antibiotic therapy, extended hospitalization, repeated operations, and implant removal. Small incisions and minimal dissection intrinsic to MISS may minimize the risk of postoperative infections. However, there is a dearth of literature on infections after MISS and their additional direct financial implications. Methods All patients from January 2007 to January 2015 undergoing posterior spinal surgery with tubular retractor system and microscope in our institution were included. The procedures performed included tubular discectomies, tubular decompressions for spinal stenosis and minimal invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). The incidence of postoperative SSI was calculated and compared to the range of cited SSI rates from published studies. Direct costs were calculated from medical billing for index cases and for patients with SSI. Results A total of 1,043 patients underwent 763 noninstrumented surgeries (discectomies, decompressions) and 280 instrumented (TLIF) procedures. The mean age was 52.2 years with male:female ratio of 1.08:1. Three infections were encountered with fusion surgeries (mean detection time, 7 days). All three required wound wash and debridement with one patient requiring unilateral implant removal. Additional direct cost due to infection was $2,678 per 100 MISS-TLIF. SSI increased hospital expenditure per patient 1.5-fold after instrumented MISS. Conclusions Overall infection rate after MISS was 0.29%, with SSI rate of 0% in non-instrumented MISS and 1.07% with instrumented MISS. MISS can markedly reduce the SSI rate and can be an

  11. Endoscopic puncture of ureterocele as a minimally invasive and effective long-term procedure in children. (United States)

    Chertin, B; Fridmans, A; Hadas-Halpren, I; Farkas, A


    Over the past years the surgical approach to ureterocele has evolved from complicated major surgery to minimally invasive endoscopic treatment. Because of the high rate of secondary surgery in some recently reported series, an upper pole partial nephrectomy is again recommended as the procedure of choice. We have retrospectively evaluated the long-term results of endoscopic puncture of a ureterocele and its long-term effectiveness and applicability in children. Over the past 8 years, 34 patients (20 female, 14 male) were treated in our service with primary endoscopic puncture of a ureterocele. The mean age of the patients was 1.1 +/- 4.3 (mean +/- SD) years. Mean follow-up was 6.1 +/- 2.4 years. Antenatally ultrasound detected the ureterocele in 5 (14%) patients, fetal hydronephrosis leading to the postnatal diagnosis in 13 (38%), and 16 (48%) children presented with symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI). The ureteroceles presented as part of renal duplication in 31 patients (91%), 3 (9%) in a single system and 1 child had bilateral ureteroceles of a duplex system. Twenty (58%) children had intravesical ureteroceles and the remaining 14 (42%) ectopic ureteroceles. Very poorly functioning upper pole moiety presented in 26 (75%) of the cases and nonfunctioning upper poles in 5 (14%). Twenty of 34 children (58%) had initial vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) to the lower moiety, either to the ipsi (60%) or contralateral kidney (40%). A cold knife incision was carried out in 4 (11.7%), puncture by a 3-french Bugbee electrode in 20 (58%), and the stylet of a 3-french ureteral catheter was utilized to puncture the ureterocele in the remaining 10 patients (30.3%). Complete decompression of the ureterocele was observed in 32 of 34 children (94%). Two patients required secondary puncture 2 years following the primary procedure and are doing well. Upper pole moiety function improved postoperatively in 2 infants and remained stable in all 32 patients, no patient presented with

  12. Adopting a new philosophy: minimal invasion. (United States)

    Whitehouse, Joseph A


    Dentistry is a dynamic profession with new trends evolving. Minimally invasive dentistry is becoming not just a concept but a way of practicing. Creative people are finding ways, materials, and technology that enable patients to experience less hard-tissue or soft-tissue removal, improved prevention and maintenance, and increased attention to a philosophy of "less is more." The World Congress of Minimally Invasive Dentistry was formed to facilitate the sharing of these new concepts. The members embrace change, and dentistry offers the constant opportunity for such. As the standard of care moves toward minimally invasive dentistry, patients will benefit.

  13. Minimally invasive dentistry: a review and update. (United States)

    Brostek, Andrew M; Bochenek, Andrew J; Walsh, Laurence J


    The term "Minimal Invasive (MI) Dentistry" can best be defined as the management of caries with a biological approach, rather than with a traditional (surgical) operative dentistry approach. Where operative dentistry is required, this is now carried out in the most conservative manner with minimal destruction of tooth structure. This new approach to caries management changes the emphasis from diagnosing carious lesions as cavities (and a repeating cycle of restorations), to one of diagnosing the oral ecological imbalance and effecting biological changes in the biofilm. The goal of MI is to stop the disease process and then to restore lost tooth structure and function, maximizing the healing potential of the tooth. The thought process which underpins this new minimal invasive approach can be organized into three main categories: (1) Recognize, which means identify patient caries risk, (2) Remineralize, which means prevent caries and reverse non-cavitated caries, and (3) Repair, which means control caries activity, maximize healing and repair the damage. The disease of dental caries is not just demineralization, but a process of repeated demineralization cycles caused by an imbalance in the ecological and chemical equilibrium of the biofilm /tooth interface (the ecological plaque hypothesis). Dietary and lifestyle patterns, especially carbohydrate frequency, water intake and smoking, play an important role in changing the biofilm ecology and pathogenicity. Tools for chairside assessment of saliva and plaque, allow risk to be assessed and patient compliance monitored. The remineralizing properties of saliva can be enhanced using materials which release biologically available calcium, phosphate and fluoride ions (CPP-ACP and CPP-ACFP). Use of biocides can also alter the pathogenic properties of plaque. Use of these MI treatment protocols, can repair early lesions and improve patient understanding and compliance. This review article introduces some of the key concepts

  14. Effect of Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy on Lung Volume and Ventilation in Preterm Infants. (United States)

    van der Burg, Pauline S; de Jongh, Frans H; Miedema, Martijn; Frerichs, Inez; van Kaam, Anton H


    To assess the changes in (regional) lung volume and gas exchange during minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. In this prospective observational study, infants requiring a fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ≥ 0.30 during nasal continuous positive airway pressure of 6 cmH2O were eligible for MIST. Surfactant (160-240 mg/kg) was administered in supine position in 1-3 minutes via an umbilical catheter placed 2 cm below the vocal cords. Changes in end-expiratory lung volume (EELV), tidal volume, and its distribution were recorded continuously with electrical impedance tomography before and up to 60 minutes after MIST. Changes in transcutaneous oxygen saturation (SpO2) and partial carbon dioxide pressure, FiO2, respiratory rate, and minute ventilation were recorded. A total of 16 preterm infants were included. One patient did not finish study protocol because of severe apnea 10 minutes after MIST. In the remaining infants (gestational age 29.8 ± 2.8 weeks, body weight 1545 ± 481 g) EELV showed a rapid and sustained increase, starting in the dependent lung regions, followed by the nondependent regions approximately 5 minutes later. Oxygenation, expressed as the SpO2/FiO2 ratio, increased from 233 (IQR 206-257) to 418 (IQR 356-446) after 60 minutes (P volume and minute volume decreased significantly after MIST, but transcutaneous partial carbon dioxide pressure was comparable with pre-MIST values. Ventilation distribution remained unchanged. MIST results in a rapid and homogeneous increase in EELV, which is associated with an improvement in oxygenation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Minimally Invasive Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)

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    Full Text Available Watch a Broward Health surgeon perform a minimally invasive Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) Click Here to view the BroadcastMed, Inc. Privacy Policy and Legal Notice © 2017 BroadcastMed, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Minimally invasive spine surgery: systematic review. (United States)

    Banczerowski, Péter; Czigléczki, Gábor; Papp, Zoltán; Veres, Róbert; Rappaport, Harry Zvi; Vajda, János


    Minimally invasive procedures in spine surgery have undergone significant development in recent times. These procedures have the common aim of avoiding biomechanical complications associated with some traditional destructive methods and improving efficacy. These new techniques prevent damage to crucial posterior stabilizers and preserve the structural integrity and stability of the spine. The wide variety of reported minimally invasive methods for different pathologies necessitates a systematic classification. In the present review, authors first provide a classification system of minimally invasive techniques based on the location of the pathologic lesion to be treated, to help the surgeon in selecting the appropriate procedure. Minimally invasive techniques are then described in detail, including technical features, advantages, complications, and clinical outcomes, based on available literature.

  17. Minimally Invasive Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Watch a Broward Health surgeon perform a minimally invasive Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) Click Here to view the BroadcastMed, Inc. Privacy Policy and Legal Notice © 2017 BroadcastMed, Inc. ...

  18. [Minimally invasive approaches for transanal surgery]. (United States)

    Kneist, W


    Since the introduction of transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) in the 1980 s, the minimally invasive transanal approach has been a treatment option for selected patients with colorectal diseases. Recently, transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) was introduced as an alternative technique. TAMIS is a hybrid between TEM and single-port laparoscopy and was followed by introduction of transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME). Although the TaTME experience remains preliminary, it appears to be an attractive minimally invasive procedure for carefully selected patients with resectable rectal cancer. The objective of this review is to describe the latest technologies which enhanced progress of minimally invasive transanal approaches for endo- and extraluminal surgery in this area of colorectal surgery.

  19. Future of Minimally Invasive Colorectal Surgery (United States)

    Whealon, Matthew; Vinci, Alessio; Pigazzi, Alessio


    Minimally invasive surgery is slowly taking over as the preferred operative approach for colorectal diseases. However, many of the procedures remain technically difficult. This article will give an overview of the state of minimally invasive surgery and the many advances that have been made over the last two decades. Specifically, we discuss the introduction of the robotic platform and some of its benefits and limitations. We also describe some newer techniques related to robotics. PMID:27582647

  20. Pre-therapy laparoscopic feeding jejunostomy is safe and effective in patients undergoing minimally invasive esophagectomy for cancer. (United States)

    Ben-David, Kfir; Kim, Tad; Caban, Angel M; Rossidis, Georgios; Rodriguez, Sara S; Hochwald, Steven N


    Laparoscopic feeding jejunostomy is a safe and effective means of providing enteral nutrition in the preoperative phase to esophageal cancer patients. This research is a retrospective case series. This study was conducted in a university tertiary care center. Between August 2007 and April 2012, 153 laparoscopic feeding jejunostomies were performed in patients 10 weeks prior to their definitive minimally invasive esophagectomy. The outcome is measured based on the technique, safety, and feasibility of a laparoscopic feeding jejunostomy in the preoperative phase of esophageal cancer patients. One hundred fifty-three patients underwent a laparoscopic feeding jejunostomy approximately 1 and 10 week(s) prior to the start of their neoadjuvant therapy and definitive minimally invasive esophagectomy, respectively. Median age was 63 years. Of the patients, 75 % were males and 25 % were females. One hundred twenty-seven patients had gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma and 26 had squamous cell carcinoma. All patients completed their neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy. The median operative time was 65 min. We had no intraoperative complications, perforation, postoperative bowel necrosis, bowel torsion, herniation, intraperitoneal leak, or mortality as a result of the laparoscopic feeding jejunostomy. Four patients were noted to have superficial skin infection around the tube, and 11 patients required a tube exchange for dislodgment, clogging, and leaking around the tube. All patients progressed to their definitive surgical esophageal resection. A laparoscopic feeding jejunostomy is technically feasible, safe, and can provide appropriate enteral nutrition in the preoperative phase of esophageal cancer patients.

  1. The effectiveness of rigid pericardial endoscopy for minimally invasive minor surgeries: cell transplantation, epicardial pacemaker lead implantation, and epicardial ablation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kimura Takehiro


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The efficacy and safety of rigid pericardial endoscopy as the promising minimally invasive approach to the pericardial space was evaluated. Techniques for cell transplantation, epicardial pacemaker lead implantation, and epicardial ablation were developed. Methods Two swine and 5 canines were studied to evaluate the safety and efficacy of rigid pericardial endoscopy. After a double pericardiocentesis, a transurethral rigid endoscope was inserted into the pericardial space. The technique to obtain a clear visual field was examined, and acute complications such as hemodynamic changes and the effects on intra-pericardial pressure were evaluated. Using custom-made needles, pacemaker leads, and forceps, the applications for cell transplantation, epicardial pacemaker lead implantation, and epicardial ablation were also evaluated. Results The use of air, the detention of a stiff guide wire in the pericardial space, and the stretching of the pericardium with the rigid endoscope were all useful to obtain a clear visual field. A side-lying position also aided observation of the posterior side of the heart. As a cell transplantation methodology, we developed an ultrasonography-guided needle, which allows for the safe visualization of transplantation without major complications. Pacemaker leads were safely and properly implanted, which provides a better outcome for cardiac resynchronizing therapy. Furthermore, the success of clear visualization of the pulmonary veins enabled us to perform epicardial ablation. Conclusions Rigid pericardial endoscopy holds promise as a safe method for minimally invasive cell transplantation, epicardial pacemaker lead implantation, and epicardial ablation by allowing clear visualization of the pericardial space.

  2. Minimally invasive management of urological fistulas. (United States)

    Núñez Bragayrac, Luciano A; Azhar, Raed A; Sotelo, Rene


    Urological fistulas are an underestimated problem worldwide and have devastating consequences for patients. Many urological fistulas result from surgical complications and/or inadequate perinatal obstetric healthcare. Surgical correction is the standard treatment. This article reviews minimally invasive surgical approaches to manage urological fistulas with a particular emphasis on the robotic techniques of fistula correction. In recent years, many surgeons have explored a minimally invasive approach for the management of urological fistulas. Several studies have demonstrated the feasibility of laparoscopic surgery and the reproducibility of reconstructive surgery techniques. Introduction of the robotic platform has provided significant advantages given the improved dexterity and exceptional vision that it confers. Fistulas are a concern worldwide. Laparoscopic surgery correction has been developed through the efforts of several authors, and difficulties such as the increased learning curve have been overcome with innovations, including the robotic platform. Although minimally invasive surgery offers numerous advantages, the most successful approach remains the one with the surgeon is most familiar.

  3. Introduction: minimally invasive spine surgery video supplement. (United States)

    Mummaneni, Praveen V


    This video supplement of Neurosurgery Focus is devoted to minimally invasive spine surgery. Minimally invasive spine surgery has gained popularity amongst patients and physicians over the past decade because it has been shown in select instances to lower blood loss and reduce length of hospital stay for appropriately selected candidates. This supplement includes videos from many of the leaders in the field. Pioneers like Frank LaMarca, Paul Park, Cheerag Upadhyaya, Juan Uribe, and Mike Wang have all sent in videos depicting minimally invasive spinal deformity surgery options. The supplement also includes videos from several different countries, demonstrating how widespread and nuanced minimally invasive spinal procedures have become. Drs. Barbagallo, Certo, Sciacca, and Albanese from Italy; Drs. Gragnaniello and Seex from Australia; and Drs. Liao, Wu, Huang, Wang, Chang, Cheng, and Shih from Taiwan have all sent in nuanced surgical videos that will be of interest to many viewers. I personally enjoyed viewing videos on lumbar degenerative disease surgery depicting unique surgical nuances to treat common problems. Dr. Beejal Amin, Dr. Harel Deutsch, Dr. Daniel Lu, and Dr. Adam Kanter have each submitted videos depicting lumbar decompression and/or fusion for lumbar degenerative stenosis and spondylosis. This supplement also included videos depicting the minimally invasive treatment of uncommon spinal pathologies as well. Videos from Dr. Fred Geisler, Dr. John O'Toole, and Dr. Noel Perin covered topics as varied as sacroiliac joint dysfunction, spinal arteriovenous malformations, and sympathetic chain surgery. I hope that you enjoy this issue of Neurosurgical Focus devoted to videos depicting the surgical nuances of minimally invasive spinal surgery. This video supplement has international appeal, and it has been an honor to be a guest editor on this superb supplement.

  4. Minimally invasive surgery for Achilles tendon pathologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Maffulli


    Full Text Available Nicola Maffulli1, Umile Giuseppe Longo2, Filippo Spiezia2, Vincenzo Denaro21Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, England; 2Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, ItalyAbstract: Minimally invasive trauma and orthopedic surgery is increasingly common, though technically demanding. Its use for pathologies of the Achilles tendon (AT hold the promise to allow faster recovery times, shorter hospital stays, and improved functional outcomes when compared to traditional open procedures, which can lead to difficulty with wound healing because of the tenuous blood supply and increased chance of wound breakdown and infection. We present the recent advances in the field of minimally invasive AT surgery for tendinopathy, acute ruptures, chronic tears, and chronic avulsions of the AT. In our hands, minimally invasive surgery has provided similar results to those obtained with open surgery, with decreased perioperative morbidity, decreased duration of hospital stay, and reduced costs. So far, the studies on minimally invasive orthopedic techniques are of moderate scientific quality with short follow-up periods. Multicenter studies with longer follow-up are needed to justify the long-term advantages of these techniques over traditional ones.Keywords: tendinopathy, rupture, percutanous repair, less invasive

  5. Minimally invasive procedures on the lumbar spine. (United States)

    Skovrlj, Branko; Gilligan, Jeffrey; Cutler, Holt S; Qureshi, Sheeraz A


    Degenerative disease of the lumbar spine is a common and increasingly prevalent condition that is often implicated as the primary reason for chronic low back pain and the leading cause of disability in the western world. Surgical management of lumbar degenerative disease has historically been approached by way of open surgical procedures aimed at decompressing and/or stabilizing the lumbar spine. Advances in technology and surgical instrumentation have led to minimally invasive surgical techniques being developed and increasingly used in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease. Compared to the traditional open spine surgery, minimally invasive techniques require smaller incisions and decrease approach-related morbidity by avoiding muscle crush injury by self-retaining retractors, preventing the disruption of tendon attachment sites of important muscles at the spinous processes, using known anatomic neurovascular and muscle planes, and minimizing collateral soft-tissue injury by limiting the width of the surgical corridor. The theoretical benefits of minimally invasive surgery over traditional open surgery include reduced blood loss, decreased postoperative pain and narcotics use, shorter hospital length of stay, faster recover and quicker return to work and normal activity. This paper describes the different minimally invasive techniques that are currently available for the treatment of degenerative disease of the lumbar spine.

  6. Sestamibi scan-directed, minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy: an effective treatment for solitary parathyroid adenoma. (United States)

    Murphy, A D; Andrews, E J; Ishtiaq, A; Jawad, A; McCarthy, P A; O'Keeffe, D; Dunne, F; Quill, D S


    Solitary adenomas have been shown to be responsible for almost 90% of cases of primary hyperparathyroidism. The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of sestamibi scanning pre-operatively to guide minimally invasive video-assisted (MIVA) parathyroidectomy. We reviewed 40 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy between 2003 and 2004. All patients underwent a pre-operative sestamibi scan. Thirty-three (82%) patients had a localized solitary adenoma on sestamibi scan. Of these patients 29 underwent attempted MIVA parathyroidectomy. MIVA parathyroidectomy was successful in 22 patients. When pre-operative sestamibi scanning was correlated with pathological diagnosis it was shown to have a sensitivity of 82% and positive predictive value of 94%. Pre-operative sestamibi scan localization of a parathyroid adenoma offers a 94% positive predictive value for adenoma location. This facilitates MIVA parathyroidectomy to be used effectively to treat primary hyperparathyroidism in the majority of patients.

  7. Minimally invasive hysterectomy in Coatis ( Nasua nasua

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    Bruno W. Minto

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Some wildlife species, such as coatis, have a high degree of adaptability to adverse conditions, such as fragmented urban forests, increasingly common on the world stage. The increase in the number of these mesopredators causes drastic changes in the communities of smaller predators, interferes with reproductive success of trees, as well as becoming a form of exchange between domestic and wild areas, favoring the transmission of zoonosis and increasing the occurrence of attacks to animals or people. This report describes the use of minimally invasive hysterectomy in two individuals of the species Nasua nasua, which can be accomplished through the use of hook technique, commonly used to castrate dogs and cats. The small incision and healing speed of incised tissues are fundamental in wild life management since the postoperative care is limited by the behavior of these animals. This technique proved to be effective and can greatly reduce the morbidity of this procedure in coatis.

  8. Stimulus-Evoked Electromyographic Monitoring During Minimally Invasive Transpedicular Implantation of Screws in Lumbosacral Spine: Threshold Value, Methodology and Clinical Effectiveness. (United States)

    Wu, Yunfen; Vázquez-Barquero, Alfonso


    Stimulus-evoked electromyography (EMG) has been developed to increase the safety of transpedicular placement of screws. There is more consensus about this monitoring method in open surgery. Alarm thresholds for minimally invasive surgery are based on referential value for open surgery. Nevertheless, there are no uniform alarm criteria on this modality for minimally invasive surgery. Using an analysis of alarm threshold, methodology and clinical effectiveness on stimulus-evoked EMG monitoring for minimally invasive transpedicular implantation of screws in the lumbosacral spine, this study aims to reflect and recommend for optimizing accuracy. Using a selection of studies, an analysis of the pedicle breach rates and breach-related clinical complication rates was made between studies on minimally invasive surgery by applying different thresholds. A second analysis of the pedicle breach rates and breach-related clinical complication rates was made between studies on open and minimally invasive surgery by applying the same threshold. In minimally invasive surgery, stimulus-evoked EMG has an acceptable accuracy in the detection of clinical relevant pedicle breaches. Suction limitation may alter the stimulation threshold. No significant differences in clinical effectiveness were observed between studies by applying thresholds of 5 mA, 7 mA, and 12 mA. However, a low threshold of 5 mA seems inappropriate for the tap stimulation. In minimally invasive surgery, continuous stimulation of instrumentation devices is recommended. A minimum 5-mA threshold should be used for stimulation of the pedicle access needle. Use of higher-stimulation thresholds during tapping and incorporation of an adapted continuous suction system may optimize the accuracy of stimulus-evoked EMG. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. New trends in minimally invasive urological surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prabhakar Rajan


    Full Text Available Purpose: The perceived benefits of minimally-invasive surgery include less postoperative pain, shorter hospitalization, reduced morbidity and better cosmesis while maintaining diagnostic accuracy and therapeutic outcome. We review the new trends in minimally-invasive urological surgery. Materials and method: We reviewed the English language literature using the National Library of Medicine database to identify the latest technological advances in minimally-invasive surgery with particular reference to urology. Results: Amongst other advances, studies incorporating needlescopic surgery, laparoendoscopic single-site surgery , magnetic anchoring and guidance systems, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery and flexible robots were considered of interest. The results from initial animal and human studies are also outlined. Conclusion: Minimally-invasive surgery continues to evolve to meet the demands of the operators and patients. Many novel technologies are still in the testing phase, whilst others have entered clinical practice. Further evaluation is required to confirm the safety and efficacy of these techniques and validate the published reports.

  10. Minimally invasive treatments of uterine fibroids

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voogt, M.J.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/341736341


    This thesis assesses clinical results and technical developments of two minimally invasive treatments for symptomatic uterine fibroids: uterine artery embolization (UAE) and magnetic resonance-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU). Part I: Uterine artery embolization The results of a

  11. Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery III (United States)

    Lehr, Eric J.; Guy, T. Sloane; Smith, Robert L.; Grossi, Eugene A.; Shemin, Richard J.; Rodriguez, Evelio; Ailawadi, Gorav; Agnihotri, Arvind K.; Fayers, Trevor M.; Hargrove, W. Clark; Hummel, Brian W.; Khan, Junaid H.; Malaisrie, S. Chris; Mehall, John R.; Murphy, Douglas A.; Ryan, William H.; Salemi, Arash; Segurola, Romualdo J.; Smith, J. Michael; Wolfe, J. Alan; Weldner, Paul W.; Barnhart, Glenn R.; Goldman, Scott M.; Lewis, Clifton T. P.


    Abstract Minimally invasive mitral valve operations are increasingly common in the United States, but robotic-assisted approaches have not been widely adopted for a variety of reasons. This expert opinion reviews the state of the art and defines best practices, training, and techniques for developing a successful robotics program. PMID:27662478

  12. [Minimal invasive dentistry. A revolutionary concept?]. (United States)

    Creugers, N H J


    This article describes the mutual relations between three important dental concepts. 'Minimal invasive dentistry', 'adhesive dentistry' and the 'dynamic treatment concept' are concepts which have changed restorative dentistry substantially during the last decade. The ultimate goal of restorative dental care, which is the maintenance of a healthy and functional dentition for life, is unchanged and as applicable as ever. To achieve maximal results from applying minimal invasive dentistry, a clear understanding of adhesive dentistry as well as the implications and goals of the dynamic treatment concept is needed. Dentists must realize that as invasiveness of interventions is decreasing, the need for monitoring and aftercare of restorative work is increasing. It is important to involve the patient in this process by providing sufficient information and achieving informed consent.

  13. Comparative effects of snoring sound between two minimally invasive surgeries in the treatment of snoring: a randomized controlled trial.

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    Li-Ang Lee

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgeries of the soft palate have emerged as a less-invasive treatment for habitual snoring. To date, there is only limited information available comparing the effects of snoring sound between different minimally invasive surgeries in the treatment of habitual snoring. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of palatal implant and radiofrequency surgery, in the reduction of snoring through subjective evaluation of snoring and objective snoring sound analysis. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Thirty patients with habitual snoring due to palatal obstruction (apnea-hypopnea index ≤15, body max index ≤30 were prospectively enrolled and randomized to undergo a single session of palatal implant or temperature-controlled radiofrequency surgery of the soft palate under local anesthesia. Snoring was primarily evaluated by the patient with a 10 cm visual analogue scale (VAS at baseline and at a 3-month follow-up visit and the change in VAS was the primary outcome. Moreover, life qualities, measured by snore outcomes survey, and full-night snoring sounds, analyzed by a sound analytic program (Snore Map, were also investigated at the same time. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients completed the study; 14 received palatal implant surgery and 14 underwent radiofrequency surgery. The VAS and snore outcomes survey scores were significantly improved in both groups. However, the good response (postoperative VAS ≤3 or postoperative VAS ≤5 plus snore outcomes survey score ≥60 rate of the palatal implant group was significantly higher than that of the radiofrequency group (79% vs. 29%, P = 0.021. The maximal loudness of low-frequency (40-300 Hz snores was reduced significantly in the palatal implant group. In addition, the snoring index was significantly reduced in the radiofrequency group. CONCLUSIONS: Both palatal implants and a single-stage radiofrequency surgery improve subjective snoring outcomes, but palatal implants have a greater effect

  14. Minimally invasive approach of panfacial fractures

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    Yudi Wijaya


    Full Text Available Background. Panfacial fractures involves fractures of several bones of face. They are associated with malocclusion, dish face deformity, enopthalmos, diplopia, cerebrospinal fluid leak and soft tissue injuries. Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to present a case of minimizing surgical wound and morbidity. Case. A 40 year old female presented with severe maxillofacial injuries caused by motor vehicle collisions about 5 days prior to admission. The assessment of the patient is mild head injury, panfacial fractures, lacerated wound at face,  rupture of globe of occular sinistra. An open reduction and internal fixation  (ORIF and enucleation of globe occular sinistra was performed.  Intraoral vestibular incision is made in the upper and lower vestibular region. Mucoperiosteal flap elevation of vestibular will exposure of the anterior maxilla and mandibular fractures. Intermaksilary fixation within 3 week and restore aesthetic with prosthesis fitting eyeball and denture. Discusion. The goal of  treatment of  panfacial fracture is to restore both the functions and pre-injury 3-dimensional facial contours. To achieve this goal two common  sequences of management of Panfacial fractures are proposed, “Bottom up and inside out” or “Top down and outside in”. Other sequences exist but there are variations of these two major approaches. Conclusion. A minimally invasive approach to  the fracture site is an alternative method  to manage panfacial fracture with a simple, effective and lower complication rate.

  15. The cost-effectiveness of 10 selected applications in minimally invasive therapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Banta, H.D.


    In this article, evidence of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the following procedures is reviewed: (1) laser treatment of bladder tumors; (2) extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy; (3) laparoscopic treatment of endometriosis; (4) laparoscopic removal of

  16. Minimally invasive versus open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis: comparative effectiveness and cost-utility analysis. (United States)

    Parker, Scott L; Mendenhall, Stephen K; Shau, David N; Zuckerman, Scott L; Godil, Saniya S; Cheng, Joseph S; McGirt, Matthew J


    Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF) for lumbar spondylolisthesis allows for the surgical treatment of back/leg pain while minimizing tissue injury and accelerating the patient's recovery. Although previous results have shown shorter hospital stays and decreased intraoperative blood loss for MIS versus open TLIF, short- and long-term outcomes have been similar. Therefore, we performed comparative effectiveness and cost-utility analysis for MIS versus open TLIF. A total of 100 patients (50 MIS, 50 open) undergoing TLIF for lumbar spondylolisthesis were prospectively studied. Back-related medical resource use, missed work, and quality-adjusted life years were assessed. Cost of in-patient care, direct cost (2-year resource use × unit costs based on Medicare national allowable payment amounts), and indirect cost (work-day losses × self-reported gross-of-tax wage rate) were recorded, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was calculated. Length of hospitalization and time to return to work were less for MIS versus open TLIF (P = 0.006 and P = 0.03, respectively). MIS versus open TLIF demonstrated similar improvement in patient-reported outcomes assessed. MIS versus open TLIF was associated with a reduction in mean hospital cost of $1758, indirect cost of $8474, and total 2-year societal cost of $9295 (P = 0.03) but similar 2-year direct health care cost and quality-adjusted life years gained. MIS TLIF resulted in reduced operative blood loss, hospital stay and 2-year cost, and accelerated return to work. Surgical morbidity, hospital readmission, and short- and long-term clinical effectiveness were similar between MIS and open TLIF. MIS TLIF may represent a valuable and cost-saving advancement from a societal and hospital perspective. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Effect and prognosis of peri-pancreatic stepwise minimally invasive treatment in patients with severe acute pancreatitis

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    XIONG Yong


    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effect and prognosis of peri-pancreatic stepwise minimally invasive treatment in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP. MethodsThe clinical data of 110 patients with SAP who were treated in Panzhihua Central Hospital from January 2013 to December 2014 were analyzed retrospectively, and these patients were divided into two groups (55 patients in each group according to the treatment regimen. The patients in the control group were treated with laparotomy, and those in the study group received peri-pancreatic stepwise minimally invasive treatment. The postoperative short-term treatment outcome, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ(APACHE Ⅱ score, laboratory markers [serum amylase (AMS, white blood cell (WBC, and C-reactive protein (CRP], time to intestinal recovery, incidence of complications, and mortality were compared between the two groups. The t-test was applied for comparison of continuous data between the two groups, and the chi-square test was applied for comparison of categorical data between the two groups. ResultsCompared with the control group, the study group had significantly higher short-term marked response rate, response rate, and overall response rate(χ2=5.1665, 4.9865 and 5.6357, all P<0.05. There were significant differences in AMS, WBC, pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2, CRP, and APACHE Ⅱ score between the two groups at 1 week after surgery and at discharge (t=13.6585, 13.4698, 12.0566, 14.6856, and 13.8869 for 1 week after surgery, t=12.8946, 14.2683, 13.8963, 14.8989, and 13.0986 for discharge, all P<0.05; there was a significant difference in WBC count on day 1 after surgery between the two groups (χ2=12.6984, P<005; both groups showed significant improvements in AMS, WBC, SpO2, CRP, and APACHE Ⅱ score at 1 week after surgery and at discharge compared with the values on day 1 after surgery, and there were significant changes in these values within

  18. The concept of minimally invasive dentistry. (United States)

    Ericson, Dan


    This paper reviews Minimally Invasive Dentistry (MID) from a day-to-day dentistry perspective, focusing mostly on cariology and restorative dentistry, even though it embraces many aspects of dentistry. The concept of MID supports a systematic respect for the original tissue, including diagnosis, risk assessment, preventive treatment, and minimal tissue removal upon restoration. The motivation for MID emerges from the fact that fillings are not permanent and that the main reasons for failure are secondary caries and filling fracture. To address these flaws, there is a need for economical re-routing so that practices can survive on maintaining dental health and not only by operative procedures.

  19. Minimally Invasive Treatment of Spine Trauma. (United States)

    McGowan, Jason E; Ricks, Christian B; Kanter, Adam S


    The role for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) continues to expand in the management of spinal pathology. In the setting of trauma, operative techniques that can minimize morbidity without compromising clinical efficacy have significant value. MIS techniques are associated with decreased intraoperative blood loss, operative time, and morbidity, while providing patients with comparable outcomes when compared with conventional open procedures. MIS interventions further enable earlier mobilization, decreased hospital stay, decreased pain, and an earlier return to baseline function when compared with traditional techniques. This article reviews patient selection and select MIS techniques for those who have suffered traumatic spinal injury. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Minimally invasive osteosynthesis techniques of the femur. (United States)

    Kowaleski, Michael P


    Indirect reduction techniques and carefully planned and executed direct reduction techniques result in maximal preservation of the biology of the fracture site and bone fragments. These techniques, coupled with the use of small soft tissue windows for the insertion of instruments and implants, result in minimal additional trauma to the soft tissues and fracture fragments. Without direct visualization, minimally invasive osteosynthesis (MIO) techniques are more demanding than open reduction and internal fixation; however, the biologic advantages are vast. As such, MIO techniques represent a fascinating new armamentarium in fracture fixation. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. [Cardiopulmonary diversion in minimally invasive heart surgery]. (United States)

    Reyes Guevara, Amalia; Pichardo y Cruz, Ma Cristina


    Cardiac surgery has evolved greatly in the last pears. New techniques for the treatment of cardiac patients, such as minimally invasive heart surgery, off-pump coronary surgery, limited or port access surgery, video-assisted and robotic cardiac surgery have been developed. Technology provides new instruments, such as heart stabilizers for off-pump coronary surgery, ventricular support devices or direct coronary bypass perfusion systems, all of them with the main goal of maintaining the patient's hemodynamics. Minimally invasive heart surgery contributes to a faster recovery and less suffering, and decreases costs. The perfusionist is involved in all these new techniques, the future is a challenge, he she must learn to use all these new devices without forgetting the human sede of his her specialty.

  2. Mechatronic Feasibility of Minimally Invasive, Atraumatic Cochleostomy

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    Tom Williamson


    Full Text Available Robotic assistance in the context of lateral skull base surgery, particularly during cochlear implantation procedures, has been the subject of considerable research over the last decade. The use of robotics during these procedures has the potential to provide significant benefits to the patient by reducing invasiveness when gaining access to the cochlea, as well as reducing intracochlear trauma when performing a cochleostomy. Presented herein is preliminary work on the combination of two robotic systems for reducing invasiveness and trauma in cochlear implantation procedures. A robotic system for minimally invasive inner ear access was combined with a smart drilling tool for robust and safe cochleostomy; evaluation was completed on a single human cadaver specimen. Access to the middle ear was successfully achieved through the facial recess without damage to surrounding anatomical structures; cochleostomy was completed at the planned position with the endosteum remaining intact after drilling as confirmed by microscope evaluation.

  3. The Effect of the Retroperitoneal Transpsoas Minimally Invasive Lateral Interbody Fusion on Segmental and Regional Lumbar Lordosis

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    Tien V. Le


    Full Text Available Background. The minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion (MIS LIF in the lumbar spine can correct coronal Cobb angles, but the effect on sagittal plane correction is unclear. Methods. A retrospective review of thirty-five patients with lumbar degenerative disease who underwent MIS LIF without supplemental posterior instrumentation was undertaken to study the radiographic effect on the restoration of segmental and regional lumbar lordosis using the Cobb angles on pre- and postoperative radiographs. Mean disc height changes were also measured. Results. The mean follow-up period was 13.3 months. Fifty total levels were fused with a mean of 1.42 levels fused per patient. Mean segmental Cobb angle increased from 11.10° to 13.61° (<0.001 or 22.6%. L2-3 had the greatest proportional increase in segmental lordosis. Mean regional Cobb angle increased from 52.47° to 53.45° (=0.392. Mean disc height increased from 6.50 mm to 10.04 mm (<0.001 or 54.5%. Conclusions. The MIS LIF improves segmental lordosis and disc height in the lumbar spine but not regional lumbar lordosis. Anterior longitudinal ligament sectioning and/or the addition of a more lordotic implant may be necessary in cases where significant increases in regional lumbar lordosis are desired.

  4. Robots for minimally invasive diagnosis and intervention


    Huda, Nazmul; YU, Hongnian; Cang, Shuang


    Minimally invasive diagnosis and interventions provide many benefits such as higher efficiency, safer, minimum pain, quick recovery etc. over conventional way for many procedures. Large robots such as da-Vinci are being used in this purpose, whereas research of miniature robots for laparoscopic and endoscopic use, is growing in the recent years. A comprehensive literature search is performed using keywords’ laparoscopic robot, capsule endoscope, surgical medical robot etc. primarily for the t...

  5. [Minimally invasive spine surgery: past and present]. (United States)

    Corniola, M V; Stienen, M N; Tessitore, E; Schaller, K; Gautschi, O P


    In the early twentieth century, the understanding of spine biomechanics and the advent of surgical techniques of the lumbar spine, led to the currently emerging concept of minimal invasive spine surgery, By reducing surgical access, blood loss, infection rate and general morbidity, functional prognosis of patients is improved. This is a real challenge for the spine surgeon, who has to maintain a good operative result by significantly reducing surgical collateral damages due to the relatively traumatic conventional access.

  6. Minimally Invasive Diagnosis of Secondary Intracranial Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. P. McClement


    Full Text Available Diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL are an aggressive group of non-Hodgkin lymphoid malignancies which have diverse presentation and can have high mortality. Central nervous system relapse is rare but has poor survival. We present the diagnosis of primary mandibular DLBCL and a unique minimally invasive diagnosis of secondary intracranial recurrence. This case highlights the manifold radiological contributions to the diagnosis and management of lymphoma.

  7. Minimally invasive local therapies for liver cancer. (United States)

    Li, David; Kang, Josephine; Golas, Benjamin J; Yeung, Vincent W; Madoff, David C


    Primary and metastatic liver tumors are an increasing global health problem, with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) now being the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Systemic treatment options for HCC remain limited, with Sorafenib as the only prospectively validated agent shown to increase overall survival. Surgical resection and/or transplantation, locally ablative therapies and regional or locoregional therapies have filled the gap in liver tumor treatments, providing improved survival outcomes for both primary and metastatic tumors. Minimally invasive local therapies have an increasing role in the treatment of both primary and metastatic liver tumors. For patients with low volume disease, these therapies have now been established into consensus practice guidelines. This review highlights technical aspects and outcomes of commonly utilized, minimally invasive local therapies including laparoscopic liver resection (LLR), radiofrequency ablation (RFA), microwave ablation (MWA), high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), irreversible electroporation (IRE), and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). In addition, the role of combination treatment strategies utilizing these minimally invasive techniques is reviewed.

  8. Minimally invasive spine stabilisation with long implants (United States)

    Logroscino, Carlo Ambrogio; Proietti, Luca


    Originally aimed at treating degenerative syndromes of the lumbar spine, percutaneous minimally invasive posterior fixation is nowadays even more frequently used to treat some thoracolumbar fractures. According to the modern principles of saving segment of motion, a short implant (one level above and one level below the injured vertebra) is generally used to stabilise the injured spine. Although the authors generally use a short percutaneous fixation in treating thoracolumbar fractures with good results, they observed some cases in which the high fragmentation of the vertebral body and the presence of other associated diseases (co-morbidities) did not recommend the use of a short construct. The authors identified nine cases, in which a long implant (two levels above and two levels below the injured vertebra) was performed by a percutaneous minimally invasive approach. Seven patients (five males/two females) were affected by thoracolumbar fractures. T12 vertebra was involved in three cases, L1 in two cases, T10 and L2 in one case, respectively. Two fractures were classified as type A 3.1, two as A 3.2, two as A 3.3 and one as B 2.3, according to Magerl. In the present series, there were also two patients affected by a severe osteolysis of the spine (T9 and T12) due to tumoral localisation. All patients operated on with long instrumentation had a good outcome with prompt and uneventful clinical recovery. At the 1-year follow-up, all patients except one, who died 11 months after the operation, did not show any radiologic signs of mobilisation or failure of the implant. Based on the results of the present series, the long percutaneous fixation seems to represent an effective and safe system to treat particular cases of vertebral lesions. In conclusion, the authors believe that a long implant might be an alternative surgical method compared to more aggressive or demanding procedures, which in a few patients could represent an overtreatment. PMID:19399530

  9. The Effect of Obesity on Clinical Outcomes Following Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. (United States)

    Wang, Tao; Han, Chao; Jiang, Hongqiang; Tian, Peng


    Obesity is associated with increasing morbidity and mortality in many prevalent diseases, especially for lumbar degenerative disease. The relationship between minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery and perioperative adverse events in obese patients with lumbar degenerative disease has not been well evaluated. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify relevant studies involving obese patients with MIS surgery in electronic databases, including Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and the Cochrane Library up to June 2017. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, GRADE system, and Cochrane Handbook were applied to assess the quality of the results published in all included studies. No significant difference was found in postoperative complications between obese and non-obese patients, according to the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). There were significant differences between the two groups in surgery time, blood loss, and length of hospital stay, however. There does not appear to be an increased risk of developing perioperative complications in obese patients undergoing MIS surgery. MIS surgery was a safe and effective technique for obese patients. However, according to our pooled data, longer surgery time was observed in obese patients. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  10. Creation of a novel simulator for minimally invasive neurosurgery: fusion of 3D printing and special effects. (United States)

    Weinstock, Peter; Rehder, Roberta; Prabhu, Sanjay P; Forbes, Peter W; Roussin, Christopher J; Cohen, Alan R


    OBJECTIVE Recent advances in optics and miniaturization have enabled the development of a growing number of minimally invasive procedures, yet innovative training methods for the use of these techniques remain lacking. Conventional teaching models, including cadavers and physical trainers as well as virtual reality platforms, are often expensive and ineffective. Newly developed 3D printing technologies can recreate patient-specific anatomy, but the stiffness of the materials limits fidelity to real-life surgical situations. Hollywood special effects techniques can create ultrarealistic features, including lifelike tactile properties, to enhance accuracy and effectiveness of the surgical models. The authors created a highly realistic model of a pediatric patient with hydrocephalus via a unique combination of 3D printing and special effects techniques and validated the use of this model in training neurosurgery fellows and residents to perform endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), an effective minimally invasive method increasingly used in treating hydrocephalus. METHODS A full-scale reproduction of the head of a 14-year-old adolescent patient with hydrocephalus, including external physical details and internal neuroanatomy, was developed via a unique collaboration of neurosurgeons, simulation engineers, and a group of special effects experts. The model contains "plug-and-play" replaceable components for repetitive practice. The appearance of the training model (face validity) and the reproducibility of the ETV training procedure (content validity) were assessed by neurosurgery fellows and residents of different experience levels based on a 14-item Likert-like questionnaire. The usefulness of the training model for evaluating the performance of the trainees at different levels of experience (construct validity) was measured by blinded observers using the Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) scale for the performance of ETV. RESULTS A

  11. A Minimally Invasive Stand-alone Cox-Maze Procedure Is as Effective as Median Sternotomy Approach. (United States)

    Schill, Matthew R; Sinn, Laurie A; Greenberg, Jason W; Henn, Matthew C; Lancaster, Timothy S; Schuessler, Richard B; Maniar, Hersh S; Damiano, Ralph J

    The Cox-Maze IV procedure has been shown to be an effective treatment for atrial fibrillation when performed concomitantly with other operations either via median sternotomy or right minithoracotomy. Few studies have compared these approaches in patients with lone atrial fibrillation. This study examined outcomes with sternotomy versus minithoracotomy in stand-alone Cox-Maze IV procedures at our institution. Between 2002 and 2015, 195 patients underwent stand-alone biatrial Cox-Maze IV. Minithoracotomy was used in 75 patients, sternotomy in 120. Freedom from atrial tachyarrhythmias was ascertained using electrocardiography, Holter, or pacemaker interrogation at 3 to 60 months. Predictors of recurrence were determined using logistic regression. Of 23 preoperative variables, the only differences between groups were that minithoracotomy patients had a higher rate of New York Heart Association 3/4 symptoms and a lower rate of previous stroke. Minithoracotomy and sternotomy patients had similar atrial fibrillation duration and type. Minithoracotomy patients had a smaller left atrial diameter (4.5 vs 4.8 cm, P = 0.03). More minithoracotomy patients received a box lesion (73/75 vs 100/120, P = 0.002). Minithoracotomy patients had a shorter hospital stay (7 vs 8 days, P = 0.009) and a similar rate of major complications (3/75 (4%) vs 7/120 (6%), P = 0.74). There were no differences in mortality or freedom from atrial tachyarrhythmias. Predictors of atrial fibrillation recurrence included a preoperative pacemaker, omission of the left atrial roof line, and New York Heart Association 3/4 symptoms. Stand-alone Cox-Maze IV via minithoracotomy was as effective as via sternotomy with a shorter hospital stay. A minimally invasive approach is our procedure of choice.

  12. Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum deformity. (United States)

    Krasopoulos, George; Goldstraw, Peter


    This review is trying to address the effectiveness and sustainability of results following minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE). The aim is to present these results for the benefit of clinicians and the patients. Literature search has revealed 179 hits, which were independently assessed and led to 80 publications being formally reviewed. Studies reporting results from less than 10 patients were excluded. Thirty-five studies were found to be reporting results from patients' and/or surgeons' perspective and they were included in this review. Data from the United Kingdom registry for MIRPE were also included. Results from over 2997 patients (age: reported an 'unsatisfactory end result.' However, these percentages are not necessarily referring to the same patients and an unsatisfactory result does not seem to affect the positive effect on self-esteem. The reported changes in social life, lung capacity, cardiovascular capacity, exercise capacity and general health are based on weak data and significant improvements, if any, are probably seen in a limited number of patients. The metallic bars were removed after 1.5-4.5 years and there is an overall 0-4.5% reported recurrence post-bar removal. In conclusion, MIRPE may improve cosmesis and self-esteem of patients with pectus excavatum deformity. Direct or indirect improvement in other physiological parameters may also help the 'well-being' of these patients and their social integration. There is a clear need for standardisation in the way results are reported in the literature and a socioeconomic analysis with regard to gains, benefits and costs related to MIRPE. Copyright © 2010 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. The technological development of minimally invasive spine surgery. (United States)

    Snyder, Laura A; O'Toole, John; Eichholz, Kurt M; Perez-Cruet, Mick J; Fessler, Richard


    Minimally invasive spine surgery has its roots in the mid-twentieth century with a few surgeons and a few techniques, but it has now developed into a large field of progressive spinal surgery. A wide range of techniques are now called "minimally invasive," and case reports are submitted constantly with new "minimally invasive" approaches to spinal pathology. As minimally invasive spine surgery has become more mainstream over the past ten years, in this paper we discuss its history and development.

  14. Minimally Invasive Approach of a Retrocaval Ureter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Fidalgo


    Full Text Available The retrocaval ureter is a rare congenital entity, classically managed with open pyeloplasty techniques. The experience obtained with the laparoscopic approach of other more frequent causes of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ obstruction has opened the method for the minimally invasive approach of the retrocaval ureter. In our paper, we describe a clinical case of a right retrocaval ureter managed successfully with laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty. The main standpoints of the procedure are described. Our results were similar to others published by other urologic centers, which demonstrates the safety and feasibility of the procedure for this condition.

  15. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery in Small Animals. (United States)

    Hettlich, Bianca F


    Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) seems to have many benefits for human patients and is currently used for various minor and major spine procedures. For MISS, a change in access strategy to the target location is necessary and it requires intraoperative imaging, special instrumentation, and magnification. Few veterinary studies have evaluated MISS for canine patients for spinal decompression procedures. This article discusses the general requirements for MISS and how these can be applied to veterinary spinal surgery. The current veterinary MISS literature is reviewed and suggestions are made on how to apply MISS to different spinal locations. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. "Open" minimally invasive surgery in pediatric urology. (United States)

    Hidalgo-Tamola, Josephine; Shnorhavorian, Margarett; Koyle, Martin A


    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) offers alternative operative approaches to standard open surgical techniques. However, MIS has been defined primarily as substituting laparoendoscopic alternatives for the traditional open surgical approach. The concept of MIS methodology may also be applied to open surgery in an effort to decrease incision size, potentially reduce morbidity and enhance convalescence, without compromising 'gold standard' outcomes. Pediatric urological applications of open MIS include pediatric renal surgery, ureteral reimplantation, ureteral surgery, inguinal-scrotal and genital surgery. A thorough review of the pediatric urology literature was performed and studies were identified describing open MIS, including outcomes and complications.

  17. Minimally invasive splenectomy: an update and review (United States)

    Gamme, Gary; Birch, Daniel W.; Karmali, Shahzeer


    Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become an established standard of care in the management of surgical diseases of the spleen. The present article is an update and review of current procedures and controversies regarding minimally invasive splenectomy. We review the indications and contraindications for LS as well as preoperative considerations. An individual assessment of the procedures and outcomes of multiport laparoscopic splenectomy, hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy, robotic splenectomy, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic splenectomy and single-port splenectomy is included. Furthermore, this review examines postoperative considerations after LS, including the postoperative course of uncomplicated patients, postoperative portal vein thrombosis, infections and malignancy. PMID:23883500

  18. Minimally invasive fibrillating heart surgery: a safe and effective approach for mitral valve and surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation. (United States)

    Massimiano, Paul S; Yanagawa, Bobby; Henry, Linda; Holmes, Sari D; Pritchard, Graciela; Ad, Niv


    Minimally invasive (MI) approaches to mitral valve surgery (MVS) and surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) are now performed routinely, and avoidance of aortic manipulation and cardioplegic arrest may further simplify the procedure. We present our experience with MI fibrillatory cardiac operations without aortic cross-clamping for MVS and AF ablation. Between January 2007 and August 2012, 292 consecutive patients underwent MVS (n = 177), surgical ablation (n = 81), or both (n= 34), with fibrillating heart through a right minithoracotomy. Baseline characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and long-term survival were evaluated. The mean age was 56.8 years (range, 20-83 years). Reoperations were performed in 25 patients (9%). The overall MV repair rate was 93.4% (198/211), including 13.1% (26/198) with anterior leaflet repair. Repair was performed in 100% of patients with myxomatous MV disease. Of isolated posterior mitral valve repairs, 60.5% underwent repair with neochords (W.L. Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, AZ), and 29.7% underwent triangular resection. There was 1 operative mortality (0.3%), no intraoperative conversions to sternotomy, 4 reoperations (1.4%), 1 stroke (0.3%), and 1 transient ischemic attack (0.3%). The 12-month return to sinus rhythm was 93%, and sinus rhythm without class I and class III antiarrhythmic medication was 85%. One- and 2-year cumulative survival was 98.5% and 97.8%, respectively. At mean follow-up of 27.3 months, our outcomes compared favorably with the 2011 Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) nationally reported outcomes. We demonstrated that low operative mortality and low stroke rate with MI fibrillating cardiac operations without cross-clamping allows for MVS and AF ablation. Our results suggest that the MI fibrillating heart approach is safe and effective. Copyright © 2013 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Caries-removal effectiveness and minimal-invasiveness potential of caries-excavation techniques: a micro-CT investigation. (United States)

    Neves, Aline de A; Coutinho, Eduardo; De Munck, Jan; Van Meerbeek, Bart


    To determine the caries-removal effectiveness (CRE) and minimal-invasiveness potential (MIP) of contemporary caries-removal techniques. Carious molars were scanned using micro-CT, after which dentine caries was removed by 9 contemporary caries-removal techniques. The micro-CT was repeated and CRE was determined on basis of the relative volume of residual caries and the mineral density (MD) at the cavity floor. MIP was determined by measuring the cavity size relative to the initial size of the caries lesion. CRE and MIP varied most for the Er:YAG laser (Kavo) despite its laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) feedback system. Whilst some specimens revealed much residual caries, others showed over-excavation into sound dentine. With the highest Relative Cavity Size, the Er:YAG laser presented the lowest MIP. Rotary/oscillating instruments revealed a more favourable CRE with some tendency towards over-excavation, except for CeraBur (Komet-Brasseler) and Cariex (Kavo) that typically left caries at the cavity floor and cavity walls, respectively. Chemo-mechanical excavation aided by conventional metal excavators (Carisolv, MediTeam; exp. SFC-V and SFC-VIII, 3M-ESPE) combined best CRE with MIP. When however a plastic excavator was used along with exp. SFC-VIII, caries was less completely removed. Er:YAG-laser aided by LIF resulted in non-selective caries removal. Rotary/oscillating caries removal may lead to over-excavation, especially when burs are combined with Caries Detector (Kuraray). This risk for over-excavation is reduced when a tungsten-carbide bur is solely used. On the contrary, Cariex (Kavo) and CeraBur showed a tendency for under-preparation. Chemo-mechanical methods were most selective in removing caries, whilst preserving sound tissue. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting: a systematic review. (United States)

    Kikuchi, Keita; Mori, Makoto


    To minimize surgical morbidity in coronary artery bypass grafting, minimally invasive cardiac surgery has gained popularity. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting offers unique advantages compared to conventional off-pump coronary artery bypass or minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass in that it enables the surgeon to harvest and graft bilateral internal thoracic arteries via a small thoracotomy while being conducted completely off-pump. This review focuses on current evidence behind off-pump coronary artery bypass, multi-arterial revascularization, patient populations that would most benefit from bilateral internal thoracic artery minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting, the surgical technique, and early outcomes. By overcoming the perceived inability to utilize bilateral internal thoracic arteries in minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting, the new technique further expands the armamentarium of surgeons and cardiologists. Hybrid coronary revascularization with bilateral internal thoracic artery minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting further augments the appeal of the next generation of minimally invasive cardiac surgery.

  1. Minimally invasive pediatric surgery: Our experience

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    Saravanan K


    Full Text Available Aim: Departmental survey of the pediatric laparoscopic and thoracoscopic procedures. Materials and Methods: It is a retrospective study from January 1999 to December 2007. The various types of surgeries, number of patients, complications and conversions of laparoscopic and thoracoscopic procedures were analyzed. Results: The number of minimally invasive procedures that had been performed over the past 9 years is 734, out of which thoracoscopic procedures alone were 48. The majority of the surgeries were appendicectomy (31%, orchiopexy (19% and diagnostic laparoscopy (16%. The other advanced procedures include laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty, surgery for Hirschprung′s disease, thoracosocpic decortication, congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair, nephrectomy, fundoplication, etc. Our complications are postoperative fever, bleeding, bile leak following choledochal cyst excision and pneumothorax following bronchogenic cyst excision. A case of empyema thorax following thoracoscopic decortication succumbed due to disseminated tuberculosis. Our conversion rate was around 5% in the years 1999 to 2001, which has come down to 3% over the past few years. Conversions were for sliding hiatus hernia, nephrectomy, perforated adherent appendicitis, Meckel′s diverticulum, thoracoscopic decortication and ileal perforation. Conclusion: The minimally invasive pediatric surgical technique is increasingly accepted world wide and the need for laparoscopic training has become essential in every teaching hospital. It has a lot of advantages, such as less pain, early return to school and scarlessness. Our conversion rate has come down from 5% to 3% with experience and now we do more advanced procedures with a lower complication rate.

  2. [Theory and practice of minimally invasive endodontics]. (United States)

    Jiang, H W


    The primary goal of modern endodontic therapy is to achieve the long-term retention of a functional tooth by preventing or treating pulpitis or apical periodontitis is. The long-term retention of endodontically treated tooth is correlated with the remaining amount of tooth tissue and the quality of the restoration after root canal filling. In recent years, there has been rapid progress and development in the basic research of endodontic biology, instrument and applied materials, making treatment procedures safer, more accurate, and more efficient. Thus, minimally invasive endodontics(MIE)has received increasing attention at present. MIE aims to preserve the maximum of tooth structure during root canal therapy, and the concept covers the whole process of diagnosis and treatment of teeth. This review article focuses on describing the minimally invasive concepts and operating essentials in endodontics, from diagnosis and treatment planning to the access opening, pulp cavity finishing, root canal cleaning and shaping, 3-dimensional root canal filling and restoration after root canal treatment.

  3. Porcelain laminate veneers: A minimally invasive esthetic procedure


    Rafael de Almeida Decurcio; Paula de Carvalho Cardoso


    Technological advances in materials and techniques have been allowing to obtain natural esthetic results with conservative interventions. Ceramic veneers are very effective tools for both esthetic and functional rehabilitation. This study describes the use of ceramic veneers without tooth wear, reinforcing the concept that minimally invasive porcelain laminate veneers could become versatile and conservative allies in the fi eld of esthetic dentistry.

  4. Minimally invasive spine technology and minimally invasive spine surgery: a historical review. (United States)

    Oppenheimer, Jeffrey H; DeCastro, Igor; McDonnell, Dennis E


    The trend of using smaller operative corridors is seen in various surgical specialties. Neurosurgery has also recently embraced minimal access spine technique, and it has rapidly evolved over the past 2 decades. There has been a progression from needle access, small incisions with adaptation of the microscope, and automated percutaneous procedures to endoscopically and laparoscopically assisted procedures. More recently, new muscle-sparing technology has come into use with tubular access. This has now been adapted to the percutaneous placement of spinal instrumentation, including intervertebral spacers, rods, pedicle screws, facet screws, nucleus replacement devices, and artificial discs. New technologies involving hybrid procedures for the treatment of complex spine trauma are now on the horizon. Surgical corridors have been developed utilizing the interspinous space for X-STOP placement to treat lumbar stenosis in a minimally invasive fashion. The direct lateral retroperitoneal corridor has allowed for minimally invasive access to the anterior spine. In this report the authors present a chronological, historical perspective of minimal access spine technique and minimally invasive technologies in the lumbar, thoracic, and cervical spine from 1967 through 2009. Due to a low rate of complications, minimal soft tissue trauma, and reduced blood loss, more spine procedures are being performed in this manner. Spine surgery now entails shorter hospital stays and often is carried out on an outpatient basis. With education, training, and further research, more of our traditional open surgical management will be augmented or replaced by these technologies and approaches in the future.

  5. [Effectiveness study on minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion assisted with microscope in treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis]. (United States)

    Ding, Yingsheng; Zhang, Wenzhi; Duan, Liqun; Li, Xu; Zhang, Feng


    To investigate the effectiveness of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) assisted with microscope in treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. Between January 2011 and June 2012, 52 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis underwent MI-TLIF assisted with microscope. There were 29 males and 23 females with an average age of 46 years (range, 32-67 years). The median disease duration was 3.2 years (range, 3 months to 6 years). There were 38 cases of lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis and 14 cases of degenerative spondylolisthesis; 12 cases had stenosis secondary to lumbar spondylolisthesis. The affected segments were L4,5 (29 cases) and L5, S1 (23 cases). According to the Meyerding evaluating system, 24 cases were classified as degree I and 28 cases as degree II. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used for clinical assessment, and the clinical effects were also analyzed by Macnab criterion at last follow-up. The radiographic data were used to evaluate reduction of spondylolisthesis, including slipping degree, slipping angle, and intervertebral space height. The fusion rate was assessed by Suk criterion. The operations were performed successfully in all patients. No dural tear or cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred during operation. The average operation time was 105 minutes; the average intraoperative blood loss was 225 mL; the average postoperative drainage volume was 75 mL; and the average hospitalization days were 5.5 days. Superficial infection of incision occurred in 1 case and was cured after change dressing, and primary healing of incision was obtained in the others. All patients were followed up 12-26 months (mean, 18 months). No loosening, breakage, and displacement of pedicle screw and no Cage dislocation occurred by X-ray films after operation. The lumbar spondylolisthesis all got good correction. The three-dimensional CT showed continuous bone trabecula between centrums. The VAS score

  6. The blood-saving effect of tranexamic acid in minimally invasive total knee replacement: is an additional pre-operative injection effective? (United States)

    Lin, P-C; Hsu, C-H; Huang, C-C; Chen, W-S; Wang, J-W


    Tranexamic acid (TEA), an inhibitor of fibrinolysis, reduces blood loss after routine total knee replacement (TKR). However, controversy persists regarding the dosage and timing of administration of this drug during surgery. We performed a prospective randomised controlled study to examine the optimum blood-saving effect of TEA in minimally invasive TKR. We randomly assigned 151 patients who underwent unilateral minimally invasive TKR to three groups: 1) a placebo group (50 patients); 2) a one-dose TEA group (52 patients), who received one injection of TEA (10 mg/kg) intra-operatively on deflation of the tourniquet; and 3) a two-dose TEA group (49 patients), who received two injections of TEA (10 mg/kg) given pre-operatively and intra-operatively. Total blood loss was calculated from the maximum loss of haemoglobin. All patients were followed clinically for the presence of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The mean total blood loss was significantly higher in the placebo group than in the other two groups (1222 ml (845 to 2043) versus 1035 ml (397 to 1934) and 986 ml (542 to 1811), respectively (both p TEA groups (p = 0.148). The mean transfusion rate was higher in the placebo group than in the other two groups (22% versus 3.8% (p = 0.006) and 6.1% (p = 0.041), respectively) and there was no statistically significant difference in the mean transfusion rate between the one- and two-TEA groups (p = 0.672). Only one patient, in the two-dose group, had a radiologically confirmed deep venous thrombosis. Our prospective randomised controlled study showed that one intra-operative injection of TEA is effective for blood conservation after minimally invasive TKR.

  7. Perspectives of Nanotechnology in Minimally Invasive Therapy of Breast Cancer

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    Yamin Yang


    Full Text Available Breast cancer, the most common type of cancer among women in the western world, affects approximately one out of every eight women over their lifetime. In recognition of the high invasiveness of surgical excision and severe side effects of chemical and radiation therapies, increasing efforts are made to seek minimally invasive modalities with fewer side effects. Nanoparticles (<100 nm in size have shown promising capabilities for delivering targeted therapeutic drugs to cancer cells and confining the treatment mainly within tumors. Additionally, some nanoparticles exhibit distinct properties, such as conversion of photonic energy into heat, and these properties enable eradication of cancer cells. In this review, current utilization of nanostructures for cancer therapy, especially in minimally invasive therapy, is summarized with a particular interest in breast cancer.

  8. The Effect of Minimally Invasive Hematoma Aspiration on the JNK Signal Transduction Pathway after Experimental Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Rats

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    Haitao Pei


    Full Text Available Objective: To explore the effect of minimally invasive hematoma aspiration (MIHA on the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK signal transduction pathway after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH. Methods: In this experiment, 300 adult male Wistar rats were randomly and averagely divided into sham-operated group, ICH group and MIHA group. In each group, 60 rats were used in the detection of indexes in this experiment, while the other 40 rats were used to replace rats which reached the exclusion criteria (accidental death or operation failure. In ICH group and MIHA group, ICH was induced by injection of 70 µL of autologous arterial blood into rat brain, while only the rats in MIHA group were treated by MIHA 6 h after ICH. Rats in sham-operated group were injected nothing into brains, and they were not treated either, like rats in ICH group. In each group, six rats were randomly selected to observe their Bederson’s scales persistently (6, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 h after ICH. According to the time they were sacrificed, the remaining rats in each group were divided into 3 subgroups (24, 72, 120 h. The change of brain water content (BWC was measured by the wet weight to dry weight ratio method. The morphology of neurons in cortex was observed by the hematoxylin–eosin (HE staining. The expressions of phospho-c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (pJNK and JNK in peri-hematomal brain tissue were determined by the immunohistochemistry (IHC and Western blotting (WB. Results: At all time points, compared with the ICH groups, the expression of pJNK decreased obviously in MIHA groups (p < 0.05, while their Bederson’s scales and BWC declined, and neuron injury in the cortex was relieved. The expression level of JNK was not altered at different groups. The data obtained by IHC and WB indicated a high-level of consistency, which provided a certain dependability of the test results. Conclusion: The JNK signal transduction pathway could be activated after intracerebral hemorrhage


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix Dolorit Verdecia

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To demonstrate that the extrapedicular unilateral percutaneous treatment in multiple thoracolumbar fractures is effective, minimally invasive and can treat several vertebrae at the same time in the same surgery. Method: From January 2007 to January 2015 306 patients with multiple vertebral fractures in the thoracolumbar junction of various etiologies were treated, of which 246 were women and 60 men. Results: The extrapedicular unilateral treatment shows good clinical results that are maintained over time, is performed on an outpatient basis with minimal complications, and enables rapid incorporation of patients to their daily activities. Conclusions: Our study shows that unilateral extrapedicular percutaneous kyphoplasty is an effective treatment for multiple thoracolumbar vertebral fractures. This method makes the procedure less invasive, allowing multiple levels are treated in the same surgical intervention, resulting in relief of pain and stability of the spine, minimal complications and immediate return of the patient to daily activities.

  10. Minimally invasive aesthetic procedures in young adults

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    Wollina U


    Full Text Available Uwe Wollina1, Alberto Goldman21Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Academic Teaching Hospital Dresden-Friedrichstadt, Dresden, Germany; 2Clinica Goldman, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande du Sul, BrazilAbstract: Age is a significant factor in modifying specific needs when it comes to medical aesthetic procedures. In this review we will focus on young adults in their third decade of life and review minimally invasive aesthetic procedures other than cosmetics and cosmeceuticals. Correction of asymmetries, correction after body modifying procedures, and facial sculpturing are important issues for young adults. The implication of aesthetic medicine as part of preventive medicine is a major ethical challenge that differentiates aesthetic medicine from fashion.Keywords: acne scars, ice pick scars, boxcar scars, fillers 

  11. [Effects of robot-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and traditional open surgery in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis]. (United States)

    Cui, G Y; Tian, W; He, D; Xing, Y G; Liu, B; Yuan, Q; Wang, Y Q; Sun, Y Q


    Objective: To compare the clinical effects of robot-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and traditional open TLIF in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. Methods: A total of 41 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis accepted surgical treatment in Department of Spinal Surgery of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital From July 2015 to April 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 16 cases accepted robot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF and 25 accepted traditional open TLIF. The operation time, X-ray radiation exposure time, perioperative bleeding, drainage volume, time of hospitalization, time for pain relief, time for ambulatory recovery, visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and complications were compared. T test and χ(2) were used to analyze data. Results: There were no significant difference in gender, age, numbers, degrees, pre-operative VAS and ODI in spondylolisthesis (all P >0.05). Compared with traditional open TLIF group, the robot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF group had less perioperative bleeding ((187.5±18.4) ml vs . (332.1±23.5) ml), less drainage volume ((103.1±15.6) ml vs . (261.3±19.8) ml), shorter hospitalization ((7.8±1.9) days vs . (10.0±1.6) days), shorter time for pain relief ((2.8±1.0) days vs . (5.2±1.1) days), shorter time for ambulatory recovery ((1.7±0.9) days vs . (2.9±1.3) days) and less VAS of the third day postoperatively (2.2±0.9 vs . 4.2±2.4) ( t =2.762-16.738, all P robot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF group: (11.8 ± 2.8) mm vs . (7.5 ± 1.9) mm, traditional open TLIF group: (12.7 ± 2.5) mm vs . (7.9±2.0) mm), and so was the lumbar lordosis angle (robot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF group: (48.7±9.2)° vs . (39.6±7.9)°, traditional open TLIF group: (50.1±10.8)° vs . (41.4±8.8)°), the lordosis angle of the slippage segment (robot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF group: (18.7±5.6)° vs . (10.9±3.8)°, traditional open TLIF group: (17.6±6

  12. Transdermal Photopolymerization for Minimally Invasive Implantation (United States)

    Elisseeff, J.; Anseth, K.; Sims, D.; McIntosh, W.; Randolph, M.; Langer, R.


    Photopolymerizations are widely used in medicine to create polymer networks for use in applications such as bone restorations and coatings for artificial implants. These photopolymerizations occur by directly exposing materials to light in "open" environments such as the oral cavity or during invasive procedures such as surgery. We hypothesized that light, which penetrates tissue including skin, could cause a photopolymerization indirectly. Liquid materials then could be injected s.c. and solidified by exposing the exterior surface of the skin to light. To test this hypothesis, the penetration of UVA and visible light through skin was studied. Modeling predicted the feasibility of transdermal polymerization with only 2 min of light exposure required to photopolymerize an implant underneath human skin. To establish the validity of these modeling studies, transdermal photopolymerization first was applied to tissue engineering by using "injectable" cartilage as a model system. Polymer/chondrocyte constructs were injected s.c. and transdermally photopolymerized. Implants harvested at 2, 4, and 7 weeks demonstrated collagen and proteoglycan production and histology with tissue structure comparable to native neocartilage. To further examine this phenomenon and test the applicability of transdermal photopolymerization for drug release devices, albumin, a model protein, was released for 1 week from photopolymerized hydrogels. With further study, transdermal photpolymerization potentially could be used to create a variety of new, minimally invasive surgical procedures in applications ranging from plastic and orthopedic surgery to tissue engineering and drug delivery.

  13. Neuronavigation in minimally invasive spine surgery. (United States)

    Moses, Ziev B; Mayer, Rory R; Strickland, Benjamin A; Kretzer, Ryan M; Wolinsky, Jean-Paul; Gokaslan, Ziya L; Baaj, Ali A


    Parallel advancements in image guidance technology and minimal access techniques continue to push the frontiers of minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS). While traditional intraoperative imaging remains widely used, newer platforms, such as 3D-fluoroscopy, cone-beam CT, and intraoperative CT/MRI, have enabled safer, more accurate instrumentation placement with less radiation exposure to the surgeon. The goal of this work is to provide a review of the current uses of advanced image guidance in MISS. The authors searched PubMed for relevant articles concerning MISS, with particular attention to the use of image-guidance platforms. Pertinent studies published in English were further compiled and characterized into relevant analyses of MISS of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbosacral regions. Fifty-two studies were included for review. These describe the use of the iso-C system for 3D navigation during C1-2 transarticular screw placement, the use of endoscopic techniques in the cervical spine, and the role of navigation guidance at the occipital-cervical junction. The authors discuss the evolving literature concerning neuronavigation during pedicle screw placement in the thoracic and lumbar spine in the setting of infection, trauma, and deformity surgery and review the use of image guidance in transsacral approaches. Refinements in image-guidance technologies and minimal access techniques have converged on spinal pathology, affording patients the ability to undergo safe, accurate operations without the associated morbidities of conventional approaches. While percutaneous transpedicular screw placement is among the most common procedures to benefit from navigation, other areas of spine surgery can benefit from advances in neuronavigation and further growth in the field of image-guided MISS is anticipated.

  14. Effect of Complications After Minimally Invasive Surgical Repair of Acute Achilles Tendon Ruptures Report on 211 Cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Metz, Roderik; van der Heijden, Geert J. M. G.; Verleisdonk, Egbert-Jan M. M.; Kolfschoten, Nicky; Verhofstad, Michiel H. J.; van der Werken, Christiaan

    Background: Complications of acute Achilles tendon rupture treatment are considered to negatively influence outcome, but the relevance of these effects is largely unknown. Purpose: The Achilles Tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) was used to determine level of disability in patients with minimally

  15. Effect of minimally invasive surgery combined with postoperative placenta polypeptide injection therapy on fracture healing and hemorheology in elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-Kui Bai


    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the effect of minimally invasive surgery combined with postoperative placenta polypeptide injection therapy on fracture healing and hemorheology in elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture. Methods: A total of 70 elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture were randomly divided into observation group and control group (n=35, control group received minimally invasive surgery alone and observation group received minimally invasive surgery combined with postoperative placenta polypeptide injection therapy. The differences in postoperative bone mineral density as well as serum inflammatory indexes, bone metabolism indexes, hemorheology parameters, femoral neck length, neck-shaft angle value and so on were compared between two groups of patients. Results: Serum TNF-α, IL-6, PCT and MCP-1 content of observation group 2 weeks after treatment were lower than those of control group while IL-10 and TGF-β content were higher than those of control group; serum PINP and 25(OHD3 content were higher than those of control group while CTX and PCT content were lower than those of control group; whole blood high shear, middle shear and low shear viscosity, plasma viscosity as well as ESR and Fib content were lower than those of control group; the femoral neck length and neck-shaft angle levels 3 months after treatment were higher than those of control group. Conclusions: Minimally invasive surgery combined with postoperative placenta polypeptide injection therapy has advantages in promoting fracture healing, restoring physiological function of lower limbs and other aspects in elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture.

  16. Research advances in minimally invasive treatment of infectious pancreatic necrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WU Dongdong


    Full Text Available Infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN is a challenging complication of acute pancreatitis and can lead to poor prognosis. Over the years, open necrosectomy has become the main treatment modality for IPN, but it will cause high incidence rate of complications and mortality rate. In recent years, with the rapid development of minimally invasive surgery, many scholars have performed minimally invasive treatment for IPN patients and achieved good outcomes. This article introduces five minimally invasive treatment techniques, i.e., percutaneous catheter drainage, minimally invasive retroperitoneal necrosectomy, endoscopic drainage+necrosectomy, laparoscopic necrosectomy, and “advanced” therapeutic strategy, pointed out that different minimally invasive techniques had different indications, and minimally invasive therapies should be selected based on IPN patients′general conditions to improve their outcome.

  17. Minimally invasive mitral valve replacement is a safe and effective surgery for patients with rheumatic valve disease: A retrospective study. (United States)

    Zhai, Junyu; Wei, Lai; Huang, Ben; Wang, Chunsheng; Zhang, Hongqiang; Yin, Kanhua


    The aim of the study was to evaluate the treatment of minimally invasive mitral valve replacement (MIMVR) through a right minithoracotomy for patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease.From February 2009 to December 2016, 360 patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease underwent mitral valve replacement by the same surgeon. Among them, 150 patients accepted MIMVR through a right minithoracotomy, whereas the other 210 accepted a traditional median sternotomy. After matching by patients by age, sex, EuroSCORE, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification, renal and liver function, and degree of mitral valve disease, we selected 224 patients for analysis in our retrospective study.In the MIMVR group (112 patients), the aortic cross-clamp time (ACC time) (55.25 ± 2.18 minutes) was significantly longer than that in the control group (112 patients; 36.05 ± 1.40 minutes) (P mitral valve disease, is associated with less trauma and a faster recovery. It is a better choice for treating simple rheumatic mitral valve disease.

  18. Process optimized minimally invasive total hip replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philipp Gebel


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyse a new concept of using the the minimally invasive direct anterior approach (DAA in total hip replacement (THR in combination with the leg positioner (Rotex- Table and a modified retractor system (Condor. We evaluated retrospectively the first 100 primary THR operated with the new concept between 2009 and 2010, regarding operation data, radiological and clinical outcome (HOOS. All surgeries were perfomed in a standardized operation technique including navigation. The average age of the patients was 68 years (37 to 92 years, with a mean BMI of 26.5 (17 to 43. The mean time of surgery was 80 min. (55 to 130 min. The blood loss showed an average of 511.5 mL (200 to 1000 mL. No intra-operative complications occurred. The postoperative complication rate was 6%. The HOOS increased from 43 points pre-operatively to 90 (max 100 points 3 months after surgery. The radiological analysis showed an average cup inclination of 43° and a leg length discrepancy in a range of +/- 5 mm in 99%. The presented technique led to excellent clinic results, showed low complication rates and allowed correct implant positions although manpower was saved.

  19. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery and transesophageal echocardiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajay Kumar Jha


    Full Text Available Improved cosmetic appearance, reduced pain and duration of post-operative stay have intensified the popularity of minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS; however, the increased risk of stroke remains a concern. In conventional cardiac surgery, surgeons can visualize and feel the cardiac structures directly, which is not possible with MICS. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE is essential during MICS in detecting problems that require immediate correction. Comprehensive evaluation of the cardiac structures and function helps in the confirmation of not only the definitive diagnosis, but also the success of surgical treatment. Venous and aortic cannulations are not under the direct vision of the surgeon and appropriate positioning of the cannulae is not possible during MICS without the aid of TEE. Intra-operative TEE helps in the navigation of the guide wire and correct placement of the cannulae and allows real-time assessment of valvular pathologies, ventricular filling, ventricular function, intracardiac air, weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass and adequacy of the surgical procedure. Early detection of perioperative complications by TEE potentially enhances the post-operative outcome of patients managed with MICS.

  20. Minimally invasive treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian A VanderBrink


    Full Text Available Minimally invasive treatment (MIT options for relief of symptoms attributed to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO are becoming a more commonly used option for patients failing medical therapy. These MIT utilize an endoscopic approach to either ablate the obstructing prostatic tissue by a variety of techniques or to place a urethral stent to relieve BPO. The uniting factor in all MIT is to decrease or eliminate the current morbidity and complications that accompany the standard surgical therapy such as transurethral resection of prostate (TURP. Clinical trials evaluating the efficacy and morbidity of these MIT modalities, either alone or in comparison to TURP are reviewed. Level I evidence (randomized controlled trials are present for most of the MITs and provide the strongest support for overall conclusions. Symptomatic improvements and quality of life (QoL improvements for all of the MIT follow a similar pattern with a more pronounced improvement in outcomes for the more ablative techniques. Uroflowmetry and durability of outcomes, however, seem to demonstrate little differences amongst the therapies. Disparities existed in the morbidity observed with the different techniques. Urinary retention and urinary infections were more common in the ablative technologies. Rates of blood loss, urinary incontinence, sexual dysfunction and urethral strictures were observed at a lower rate in the MIT groups when compared to the rates observed in TURP. The morbidity and durability of TURP is higher and longer than that of MIT, respectively.

  1. Minimally Invasive Management of Ectopic Pancreas. (United States)

    Vitiello, Gerardo A; Cavnar, Michael J; Hajdu, Cristina; Khaykis, Inessa; Newman, Elliot; Melis, Marcovalerio; Pachter, H Leon; Cohen, Steven M


    The management of ectopic pancreas is not well defined. This study aims to determine the prevalence of symptomatic ectopic pancreas and identify those who may benefit from treatment, with a particular focus on robotically assisted surgical management. Our institutional pathology database was queried to identify a cohort of ectopic pancreas specimens. Additional clinical data regarding clinical symptomatology, diagnostic studies, and treatment were obtained through chart review. Nineteen cases of ectopic pancreas were found incidentally during surgery for another condition or found incidentally in a pathologic specimen (65.5%). Eleven patients (37.9%) reported prior symptoms, notably abdominal pain and/or gastrointestinal bleeding. The most common locations for ectopic pancreas were the duodenum and small bowel (31% and 27.6%, respectively). Three out of 29 cases (10.3%) had no symptoms, but had evidence of preneoplastic changes on pathology, while one harbored pancreatic cancer. Over the years, treatment of ectopic pancreas has shifted from open to laparoscopic and more recently to robotic surgery. Our experience is in line with existing evidence supporting surgical treatment of symptomatic or complicated ectopic pancreas. In the current era, minimally invasive and robotic surgery can be used safely and successfully for treatment of ectopic pancreas.

  2. [Is the pneumoperitoneum minimally invasive during laparoscopic colonic surgery?]. (United States)

    Strang, C M; Hachenberg, T


    The importance of laparoscopic colonic surgery has increased considerably in the past decade. However, a minimally invasive operation with induction of pneumoperitoneum does not imply a minimally invasive anaesthesia. The haemodynamic effects of intraperitoneal carbon dioxide insufflation depend an the extent of intraabdominal pressure elevation, severity of preexisting cardiopulmonary diseases, alterations of arterial PCO (2) and pH, volume state of the patient and co-medications. In addition, positioning of the patient for laparoscopic colonic surgery and endocrinological reactions during and after induction of pneumoperitoneum may significantly affect systemic and pulmonary haemodynamics. Intraabdominal operations may impair respiratory function independent from anaesthesia. Preoperative evaluation of the high risk patient is of utmost importance. Assessment of expiratory PCO (2), extended cardiopulmonary monitoring and maintenance of intraabdominal pressure in the range of 5 - 7 mmHg are recommended during laparoscopic colonic surgery.

  3. Minimally Invasive ("Mini") Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: Classification, Indications, and Outcomes. (United States)

    Druskin, Sasha C; Ziemba, Justin B


    Minimally invasive endoscopic procedures are often employed for the surgical removal of kidney stones. Traditionally, large stones are removed by (standard) percutaneous nephrolithotomy (SPCNL). Although effective for the clearance of large stone burdens, SPCNL is associated with significant morbidity. Therefore, in an effort to reduce this morbidity, while preserving efficacy, mini-PCNL (MPCNL) with a smaller tract size (<20 French) was developed. Several studies suggest that MPCNL has a comparable stone-free rate to SPCNL. However, the question of lower morbidity with MPCNL remains unanswered. In this review, we describe the equipment, indications, and efficacy of MPCNL with particular attention to its value over traditional minimally invasive stone removal techniques.

  4. Women's preferences for minimally invasive incisions. (United States)

    Bush, Amanda J; Morris, Stephanie N; Millham, Frederick H; Isaacson, Keith B


    To determine whether traditional, robotic, or single-site laparoscopic incisions are more appealing to women. Descriptive study using a survey (Canadian Task Force classification III). Single-specialty referral-based gynecology practice. All patients older than 18 years who came for care to the Newton-Wellesley Hospital Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery Center from April 2, 2010, to June 30, 2010. Three identical photos of an unscarred female abdomen were each marked with a black pen to indicate typical incision lengths and locations for robotic, single-site, and traditional laparoscopic surgery. Subjects were then asked to rank these incisions in order of preference. Additional demographic and surgical history questions were included in the survey. Two-hundred fifty of 427 patients (58.5%) returned surveys, and of these, 241 completed critical survey elements. Preference for traditional laparoscopic incisions was 56.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 50.1%-62.7%), for a single incision was 41.1% (95% CI, 34.8%-47.3%), and for robotic surgery was 2.5% (95% CI, 0.5%-4.5%). Two-sample test of proportion (Z test) showed the difference in preference for traditional over the other methods to be significant: p = .007 for a single incision and p factors influencing choice of single-site incision demonstrated that Latina/Hispanic ethnicity was the only significant factor (p = .02). Women prefer both single-site and traditional laparoscopic incisions over robotic procedures. Inasmuch as aesthetics are an important consideration for many women and clinical outcomes are similar, during the informed-consent procedure, location and length of incisions should be included in the discussion of risks, benefits, and alternatives. Copyright © 2011 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Minimally invasive assessment of the effect of mannitol and hypertonic saline therapy on traumatic brain edema using measurements of reduced scattering coefficient (μs'). (United States)

    Xie, Jieru; Qian, Zhiyu; Yang, Tianming; Li, Weitao; Hu, Guangxia


    Minimally invasive functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRs) technology was utilized to assess the effects of mannitol and hypertonic saline (HS) in treating traumatic brain edema (TBE). Rats with TBE models were given mannitol or HS in different dosages for different groups. The reduced scattering coefficient (μ(s)') of the local cortex of rats was simultaneously monitored and recorded in vivo and real time by the minimally invasive fNIRs system. Brain water content (BWC) was measured by the wet and dry weight method at 1, 6, 24, 72, and 120 h after injury and treatment. Effects of treating TBE with different dehydration agents were then assessed by recording μ(s)' and BWC before and after administration of dehydration. In this study, the dynamic changes of brain edema and the effects of dehydration therapy were continuously monitored. Results implied that μ(s)' of the local cortex in rats is a good indicator for assessing effects of treatment of TBE. By recording changes in the value of μ(s)', the following conclusions were obtained: HS is more effective than mannitol in reducing cerebral edema. The effect of dehydration of HS is only related to osmotic gradient and has no correlation with concentration.

  6. Integrate imaging approach for minimally invasive and robotic procedures


    Ivanov, Nikolay A.; Green, Daniel B.; Guy, T.Sloane


    Over the past two decades, robotic and minimally invasive cardiac surgery has been continuously refined and is currently an alternative to traditional open-heart surgery for some patients. The parallel evolution of imaging modalities has made robotic surgery safer and more efficient. Here, we review the pre- and post-operative use of computed tomography (CT) in minimally invasive and robotic cardiac procedures.

  7. Minimally invasive approach for lesions involving the frontal sinus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Traditional open surgery for frontal sinus pathology and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks is complex and involves a craniotomy. Minimally invasive options offer an alternate solution. We describe and assess the outcome of a minimally invasive approach for lesions and defects involving the frontal sinus.

  8. [Precise minimally invasive surgery of lower lumbar spine]. (United States)

    Pan, Zhi-Min; Cheng, Xi-Gao; Gao, Gui-Cheng; Cheng, Lian-Zhi


    The fast development of minimally invasive spine surgery in recent years is based on the advance of endoscopic microsurgery techniques, computer science and medical imaging, as well as the growing concerning of medical humanities. The concept of minimally invasive and precise targeting therapy has been penetrating into various areas of surgery, and minimal tissue damage and fewer complications are the new directions of minimally invasive spine surgery. In this article we review some advances in precise spinal surgery including percutaneous lumbar discectomy, microendoscopic discectomy, computer-assisted orthopedic surgery and robot surgery.

  9. The Technological Development of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (United States)

    Snyder, Laura A.; O'Toole, John; Eichholz, Kurt M.; Perez-Cruet, Mick J.; Fessler, Richard


    Minimally invasive spine surgery has its roots in the mid-twentieth century with a few surgeons and a few techniques, but it has now developed into a large field of progressive spinal surgery. A wide range of techniques are now called “minimally invasive,” and case reports are submitted constantly with new “minimally invasive” approaches to spinal pathology. As minimally invasive spine surgery has become more mainstream over the past ten years, in this paper we discuss its history and development. PMID:24967347

  10. Complications of minimally invasive cosmetic procedures: Prevention and management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren L Levy


    Full Text Available Over the past decade, facial rejuvenation procedures to circumvent traditional surgery have become increasingly popular. Office-based, minimally invasive procedures can promote a youthful appearance with minimal downtime and low risk of complications. Injectable botulinum toxin (BoNT, soft-tissue fillers, and chemical peels are among the most popular non-invasive rejuvenation procedures, and each has unique applications for improving facial aesthetics. Despite the simplicity and reliability of office-based procedures, complications can occur even with an astute and experienced injector. The goal of any procedure is to perform it properly and safely; thus, early recognition of complications when they do occur is paramount in dictating prevention of long-term sequelae. The most common complications from BoNT and soft-tissue filler injection are bruising, erythema and pain. With chemical peels, it is not uncommon to have erythema, irritation and burning. Fortunately, these side effects are normally transient and have simple remedies. More serious complications include muscle paralysis from BoNT, granuloma formation from soft-tissue filler placement and scarring from chemical peels. Thankfully, these complications are rare and can be avoided with excellent procedure technique, knowledge of facial anatomy, proper patient selection, and appropriate pre- and post-skin care. This article reviews complications of office-based, minimally invasive procedures, with emphasis on prevention and management. Practitioners providing these treatments should be well versed in this subject matter in order to deliver the highest quality care.

  11. Primary Dural Repair in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raqeeb M. Haque


    Full Text Available We describe an effective surgical technique in primary repair of the spinal dura during minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS. Objective. Minimally invasive spine surgery includes the treatment of intradural lesions, and proper closure of the dura is necessary. However, primary dural closure can be difficult due to the restricted space of MIS retractors and the availability of appropriate surgical instrumentation. Methods. We describe the use of a needle already used in the pediatric neurosurgical arena that can facilitate easier and safer closure of spinal dura through MISS retractors in two illustrative intradural cases. Results and Discussion. The primary dural closure technique is described and patient demographics are included. The instruments specifically used for the intradural closure through MIS retractor systems include (1 4-0 Surgilon braided nylon (Covidien, Dublin, Ireland with a CV-20 taper 1/2 circle, 10 mm diameter needle; (2 Scanlan (Saint Paul, MN, USA dura closure set. Conclusion. Successful primary dural repair can be performed on primary and incidental durotomies during minimally invasive spinal surgery. We describe the novel use of a 10 mm diameter needle to help surgeons safely and efficiently close the dura with more ease than previously described.

  12. Minimizing radiation exposure in minimally invasive spine surgery: lessons learned from neuroendovascular surgery. (United States)

    El Tecle, Najib E; El Ahmadieh, Tarek Y; Patel, Biraj M; Lall, Rohan R; Bendok, Bernard R; Smith, Zachary A


    Radiation use for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes has increased in parallel with advances in minimally invasive spinal techniques and endovascular neurosurgical procedures. This change in the exposure profile of the operator and radiology personnel has raised concerns about radiation side effects and long term complications of radiation exposure. In this review, the current literature regarding risks of radiation exposure and strategies to reduce these risks are summarized. Current standards in radiation risk reduction and specific techniques that can minimize radiation exposure are also discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Minimally invasive scoliosis treatment with a Ho:YAG laser (United States)

    Rumpf, Christian G.; Lang, Robert D.; Goetz, Marcus H.


    Today most surgical treatment of spinal deformations is concentrated on invasive mechanical techniques with long operation times and major effects on the patient's mobility. The proposed minimally invasive technique using laser light for tissue ablation offers a possibility of gentle scoliosis treatment. It is thought that an early removal of the epiphysial growth zone on the convex side over several vertebrae results in a straightening of the spine. In a first evaluation, four different laser systems including argon ion, Nd:YAG (Q-switched), Nd:YAG (cw), and Ho:YAG laser were compared with respect to thermal damage to adjacent tissue, ablation rates, efficiency and laser handling. For in-vivo investigation, fresh lamb spine was used. Comparison showed that the Ho:YAG laser is the most appropriate laser for the given goal, providing efficient photoablation with moderate thermal effects on the adjacent tissue. In a second step the proposed minimally invasive operation technique was performed in in-vivo experiments on young foxhounds using 3D- thoracoscopic operation techniques. During these operations temperature mapping was done using fiber-optic fluorescent probes. After 12 months of normal growth the animals were sacrificed and x-ray as well as MRI was performed on the spine. First results show a positive effect of scoliotic growth in two cases. Being able to produce a scoliosis by hemiepiphysiodesis on the vertebra, It is thought that this technique is successful for a straightening of the spine on patients with scoliosis.

  14. Chances of cryosurgery in the minimal invasive therapy; Chancen der Kryochirurgie in der Minimal Invasiven Therapie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haensgen, H. [Institut fuer Luft- und Kaeltetechnik GmbH, Dresden (Germany). Fachbereich Klimatechnik; Binneberg, A. [Institut fuer Luft- und Kaeltetechnik GmbH, Dresden (Germany). Fachbereich Klimatechnik; Herzog, R. [Institut fuer Luft- und Kaeltetechnik GmbH, Dresden (Germany). Fachbereich Klimatechnik; Schumann, B. [Institut fuer Luft- und Kaeltetechnik GmbH, Dresden (Germany). Fachbereich Klimatechnik


    Object in view of the minimal invasive therapy is to substitute the traditional open and therefore invasive surgically interventions through fewer invasive surgery. Additional to preponderantly in MIT used microsurgery and laser-therapy also cryotherapy may be used. Clinical results in therapy of trigeminalneuralgia are present. Application of endoscopic cryotip are possible. (orig.)

  15. Effects of "minimally invasive curricular surgery" - a pilot intervention study to improve the quality of bedside teaching in medical education. (United States)

    Raupach, Tobias; Anders, Sven; Pukrop, Tobias; Hasenfuss, Gerd; Harendza, Sigrid


    Bedside teaching is an important element of undergraduate medical education. However, the impact of curricular course structure on student outcome needs to be determined. This study assessed changes in fourth-year medical students' evaluations of clinical teaching sessions before and after the introduction of a new course format. The curricular structure of bedside teaching sessions in cardiology was modified without changing the amount of teaching time. Clinical teachers were instructed about the new teaching format and learning objectives. The new format implemented for adult but not paediatric cardiology sessions was piloted with 143 students in winter 2007/08. By computing effect sizes, evaluation results were compared to data obtained from 185 students before the intervention. Significant rating increases were observed for adult cardiology teaching sessions (Cohen's d = 0.66) but not paediatric cardiology sessions (d = 0.22). In addition to improving the structure and organization of the course, the intervention significantly impacted on students' perceptions of their learning outcome regarding practical skills (d = 0.69). Minimal curricular changes combined with basic faculty development measures significantly increase students' perception of learning outcome. Curricular structure needs to be considered when planning bedside teaching sessions in medical undergraduate training.

  16. Minimally invasive technique for gingival augmentation around dental implants. (United States)

    Tinti, Carlo; Parma-Benfenati, Stefano


    This article describes a soft tissue surgical modification--the trap door technique--used to enhance contemporary patient esthetic expectations and preserve periodontal health longitudinally. This surgical modification is greatly indicated for single-stage single and multiple implant surgery to preserve the integrity of the papillae and eliminate buccal soft tissue concavity. This procedure also addresses the issue of interproximal papillary development to obviate the presence of a black triangle. The technique is very effective in cases of minimal interproximal bone loss, it does not require autogenous bone harvesting, and is therefore less invasive and well accepted by the patient.

  17. [Diagnosis and minimally invasive treatment of gastric remnant cancer]. (United States)

    Wu, Ai-wen; Ji, Jia-fu


    Gastric remnant cancer (GRC) is defined as cancer in the remnant stomach after partial gastrectomy. The incidence of GRC is rising in recent years. The carcinogenesis, development, and metastasis of GRC are different from primary gastric cancer. The early detection of GRC should be based on rational surveillance of patients following gastrectomy. For early stage GRC, endoscopic resection is one of the safe and effective methods. For advanced GRC, the primary treatment alternative is surgical resection. Minimally invasive procedures such as laparoscopic exploration, laparoscopic-assisted resection of GRC are still safe choices for experienced surgeons.

  18. Nonsurgical, image-guided, minimally invasive therapy for thyroid nodules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gharib, Hossein; Hegedüs, Laszlo; Pacella, Claudio Maurizio


    therapy is recommended for recurrent benign thyroid cysts. Either ultrasound-guided laser or radiofrequency ablation can be used for symptomatic solid nodules with normal or abnormal thyroid function. Microwave ablation and high-intensity focused ultrasound are newer approaches that need further clinical......, with the focus on large-scale and preferably randomized studies, available via PubMed search in authors' files, using appropriate searches and keywords. Main Findings: In large centers with experienced hands, minimally invasive approaches appear effective and safe. At present, percutaneous ethanol injection...

  19. The Development of Augmented Reality to Enhance Minimally Invasive Surgery. (United States)

    Dodd, Keith; Brooks, Nathaniel P


    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) reduces unnecessary tissue damage to the patient but obscures the natural surgical interface that is provided by open surgical procedures. Multiple feedback mechanisms, mainly visual and tactile, are greatly reduced in MIS. Microscopes, endoscopes, and image-guided navigation traditionally provide enough visual information for successful minimally invasive procedures, although the limited feedback makes these procedures more difficult to learn. Research has been performed to develop alternative solutions that regain additional feedback. Augmented reality (AR), a more recent guidance innovation that overlays digital visual data physically, has begun to be implemented in various applications to improve the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive procedures. This review focuses on the recent implementation of augmented display and direct visual overlay and discusses how these innovations address common feedback concerns associated with minimally invasive surgeries.

  20. Minimally invasive treatment of extrahepatic bile duct stones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HAN Wurijile


    Full Text Available With the continuous improvement of endoscopic technology and equipment, minimally invasive treatment of bile duct stones becomes increasingly diversified. In this paper, the concept of minimally invasive treatment of bile duct stones, surgical indications and contraindications, surgical methods, and the advantages and disadvantages of surgical methods are introduced. It is shown that the application of laparoscope has laid the foundation for the minimally invasive treatment of bile duct stones, and the combined application of choledochoscope and endoscope has brought new ideas for minimally invasive treatment of bile duct stones. The combination of three endoscopes avoids the disadvantages of traditional open surgery: large trauma and long operation time, and reduces the patient′s pain and complications. In the near future, the combination of three endoscopes still has much room for growth. As long as the indications for several surgeries are mastered and the safety and efficacy are evaluated objectively, the combination of three endoscopes will play the biggest role.

  1. Minimally Invasive Management of Acute Biliary Tract Disease during Pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Tomás Chiappetta Porras


    Full Text Available Background. Acute biliary diseases during pregnancy have been classically managed conservatively. Advances in minimally invasive surgery and the high recurrence rate of symptoms observed changed this management. Methods. This is a prospective observational study. Initial management was medical. Unresponsive patients were treated with minimally invasive techniques including gallbladder percutaneous aspiration or cholecystostomy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiography, and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, depending on the pregnancy trimester and underlying diagnosis. Results. 122 patients were admitted. 69 (56.5% were unresponsive to medical treatment. Recurrent gallbladder colic was the most frequent indication for minimally invasive intervention, followed by acute cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, and acute biliary pancreatitis. 8 patients were treated during the first trimester, 54 during the second, and 7 during the last trimester. There was no fetal morbidity or mortality. Maternal morbidity was minor with no mortality. Conclusion. Acute biliary tract diseases during pregnancy may be safely treated with minimally invasive procedures according to the underlying diagnosis and to the trimester of pregnancy.

  2. Minimal Invasive Percutaneous Fixation of Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico De Iure


    Full Text Available We studied 122 patients with 163 fractures of the thoracic and lumbar spine undergoing the surgical treatment by percutaneous transpedicular fixation and stabilization with minimally invasive technique. Patient followup ranged from 6 to 72 months (mean 38 months, and the patients were assessed by clinical and radiographic evaluation. The results show that percutaneous transpedicular fixation and stabilization with minimally invasive technique is an adequate and satisfactory procedure to be used in specific type of the thoracolumbar and lumbar spine fractures.

  3. A minimally invasive option for the treatment of persistent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Persistent postoperative leaks in esophageal surgery in children are highly morbid. They usually require technically difficult major reoperations. A less invasive approach is always desirable. During the period 2003 to 2007, we used a minimally invasive approach for the treatment of persistent postoperative esophageal ...

  4. Minimizing exposure to radiation in invasive cardiology using modern dose-reduction technology: evaluation of the real-life effects. (United States)

    Faroux, Laurent; Blanpain, Thierry; Nazeyrollas, Pierre; Tassan-Mangina, Sophie; Herce, Benoît; Tourneux, Christophe; Metz, Damien


    We aimed to measure the reduction in the estimated dose of radiation received by patients that can be achieved using dose-reduction technology (ClarityIQ, Philips Healthcare, The Netherlands), among all patients undergoing invasive cardiology procedures. Medical procedures remain the primary source of exposure to ionizing radiation in the general population. The study population comprised all patients (without exclusion criteria) undergoing invasive coronary procedures over a 1-year study period in a large referral centre equipped with two catheterization laboratories (cathlabs). Both cathlabs (A and B) were equipped with the Allura Xper FD10 imaging system (Philips Healthcare, The Netherlands), but only Cathlab B was equipped with ClarityIQ technology. The primary endpoint was the estimated total dose of radiation received by the patient, as assessed by Air Kerma (AK) and dose area product (DAP). In total, 2095 invasive coronary procedures were analyzed. The patients who underwent procedures in Cathlab B received an average estimated dose that was 23% (AK) and 43% (DAP) lower than the dose received by patients undergoing procedures in Cathlab A (P age. In our study, the ClarityIQ technology reduced the estimated radiation dose received by patients by 23-43%, according to the method of measurement. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Minimally invasive percutaneous lateral plate osteosynthesis in humeral shaft fractures.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Sebastian Ruchelli


    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study is to retrospectively assess functional and radiological outcomes, and immediate and long term postsurgical complications in a series of patients with humeral fractures treated with osteosynthesis with minimally invasive technique. Material and Methods: Retrospective Multicentric study of 14 patients with humeral fractures treated with minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis through lateral approaches between 2007 and 2013. Seven were females and 7 males, age averaged 48.7 years (range 21 -73. Fractures were classified according to the AO classification A1 12 n: 1; 12 B1 n: 1; 12B2 n: 3; C1 n 12: 6; 12C2 n: 1; 12C3 n: 2. Two lateral incisions were used proximal and distal. The plates were slid submuscular, and the radial nerve was protected.  Results: Follow - up averaged 30 months.Union was achieved in 13 cases (92.85%, time to union averaged three months (range, 2 to 6. Flexion averaged 174.8 °, external rotation  67.2°, abduction 173.8º and internal rotation 72.1°. Elbow flexion and extension ROM averaged 140.5 °. Constant´s score averaged 82.66 points; DASH score averaged 15.27 points. Four patients had radial nerve neurapraxia (23.5%.  Discussion: Percutaneous osteosynthesis with plates using a lateral minimally invasive approach has proven effective for the treatment of humeral shaft fractures, applying the principle of bridge plate. It is a biological procedure, technically demanding, and not exempt of complications.

  6. [Surgical treatment of radicular pain using minimally invasive techniques]. (United States)

    Schizas, Constantin; Belgrand, Liliana; Norberg, Michael


    Radicular pain can be caused by disc herniation, lateral stenosis, isthmic spondylolisthesis with foraminal stenosis, or foraminal encroachment due to asymmetrical disc degeneration or scoliosis. Surgery is indicated following failure of conservative treatment. Minimally invasive discectomy is indicated for subjects presenting with radicular pain with or without neurological deficit and appropriate sized herniation in MRI. It offers equivalent efficacy but quicker recovery than microdiscectomy. Minimally invasive fusion is indicated for radicular pain due to foraminal compression in isthmic spondylolisthesis, asymmetric disc degeneration or scoliosis. It allows decrease in blood loss and postoperative pain. A less invasive technique should nevertheless not replace properly conducted conservative treatment.

  7. The use of buccal swabs as a minimal-invasive method for detecting effects of pesticide exposure on enzymatic activity in common wall lizards. (United States)

    Mingo, Valentin; Lötters, Stefan; Wagner, Norman


    Habitat loss and environmental pollution are among the main causes responsible for worldwide biodiversity loss. The resulting species and population declines affect all vertebrates including reptiles. Especially in industrialized countries, pollution by agrochemicals is of remarkable importance. Here, habitat loss has historically been associated with expansion of agriculture. Species persisting in such environments do not only need to cope with habitat loss, but more recently, also with chemical intensification, namely pesticide exposure. In this study, we examined effects of different fungicide and herbicide applications on the common wall lizard (Podarcis muralis) in grape-growing areas. We used three enzymatic biomarkers (GST, GR, AChE) and for the first time saliva from buccal swabs as a minimal-invasive sampling method for detection. Our results demonstrate absorption of substances by lizards and effects of pesticide exposure on enzymatic activities. Our findings are in accordance with those of previous laboratory studies, although samples were retrieved from natural habitats. We conclude that buccal swabs could become a useful tool for the detection of pesticide exposure in reptiles and have the potential to replace more invasive methods, such as organ extraction or cardiac puncture. This is an important finding, as reptiles are non-target organisms of pesticide applications, and there is a strong need to integrate them into pesticide risk assessments. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Minimally Invasive Versus Open Surgery for Lumbar Synovial Cysts. (United States)

    Vergara, Pierluigi; Akhunbay-Fudge, Christopher Yusuf; Kotter, Mark Robert; Charles Laing, Rodney John


    Lumbar synovial cysts are relatively infrequent. Historically, these benign lesions have been treated with open excision, sometimes associated with fusion. The aim of this study is to compare minimally invasive surgery (MIS) with open surgery (OS) for the treatment of lumbar synovial cysts. This was a retrospective review of patients who underwent minimally invasive or open excision of lumbar synovial cysts. Clinical outcomes, recurrence rate, and surgical complications were compared in the 2 groups. A total of 37 cases were identified, of which 24 were MIS and 13 were OS. MIS was significantly more effective in improving leg pain and radicular symptoms. There was no statistical difference between the 2 groups with regard to improvements of back pain and neurogenic claudication. Postoperative length of hospital stay and postoperative pain were significantly reduced in the MIS group (15 hours vs. 24 hours and 0.9/10 vs. 4.7/10 respectively, P < 0.5). There were no statistical differences in duration of surgery, intra- or postoperative complications, no recurrence of cyst in either of the 2 groups, and no patients required fusion at a later stage. In this study, MIS for the treatment of lumbar synovial cysts appears to be more effective than OS in relieving radicular symptoms. Furthermore, MIS is better tolerated by patients and is potentially cost saving for the Health Service, due to the reduction in hospital stay and the reduced requirement for painkillers. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. The material science of minimally invasive esthetic restorations. (United States)

    Nový, Brian B; Fuller, Cameron E


    The term esthetic dentistry usually conjures up mental images of porcelain crowns and veneers. To some dentists, the term minimally invasive dentistry evokes thoughts of observing early lesions, and postponing treatment until lesions are closer to the pulp. (The World Congress of Minimally Invasive Dentistry defines minimally invasive dentistry as those techniques which respect health, function, and esthetics of oral tissue by preventing disease from occurring, or intercepting its progress with minimal tissue loss.) It would seem these two niches within dentistry are on opposite ends of the spectrum; however, composite resin and glass ionomer restorative materials unite these two ideologies. Understanding the limitations, benefits, and science behind each material allows clinicians to produce highly esthetic restorations that can resist future decay, internally remineralize the tooth, and help protect adjacent teeth from cariogenic attack.

  10. Minimally invasive versus open surgery for reversal of tubal sterilization. (United States)

    George, Korula; Kamath, Mohan S; Tharyan, Prathap


    Although tubal sterilization procedures are considered to be permanent, requests for reversal of the procedure (re-canalisation) are not infrequent. The reversal procedure can be done either by an open laparotomy or by minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopic or robotic approach). To compare the relative effectiveness and safety of reversal of tubal sterilization by open laparotomy, laparoscopy and robotically assisted endoscopy. On 23 October 2012 we searched the Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Review Group Specialised Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library (Issue 10, 2012); MEDLINE; EMBASE; LILACS; clinical trials registries; regional databases; conference proceedings; and references for relevant published, unpublished and ongoing trials. Randomised trials comparing the different methods of surgical reversal of tubal sterilisation. No trials that met the selection criteria were identified. No data for evaluation were obtained Currently there is no evidence from randomised controlled trials to recommend or refute the use of a minimally invasive surgical approach (laparoscopic or robotic) or open surgery for reversal of tubal sterilization. There is a need for well conducted and reported randomised clinical trials to generate reliable evidence to inform clinical practice.

  11. Minimally invasive spine surgery: Hurdles to be crossed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahesh Bijjawara


    Full Text Available MISS as a concept is noble and all surgeons need to address and minimize the surgical morbidity for better results. However, we need to be cautions and not fall prey into accepting that minimally invasive spine surgery can be done only when certain metal access systems are used. Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS has come a long way since the description of endoscopic discectomy in 1997 and minimally invasive TLIF (mTLIF in 2003. Today there is credible evidence (though not level-I that MISS has comparable results to open spine surgery with the advantage of early postoperative recovery and decreased blood loss and infection rates. However, apart from decreasing the muscle trauma and decreasing the muscle dissection during multilevel open spinal instrumentation, there has been little contribution to address the other morbidity parameters like operative time , blood loss , access to decompression and atraumatic neural tissue handling with the existing MISS technologies. Since all these parameters contribute to a greater degree than posterior muscle trauma for the overall surgical morbidity, we as surgeons need to introspect before we accept the concept of minimally invasive spine surgery being reduced to surgeries performed with a few tubular retractors. A spine surgeon needs to constantly improve his skills and techniques so that he can minimize blood loss, minimize traumatic neural tissue handling and minimizing operative time without compromising on the surgical goals. These measures actually contribute far more, to decrease the morbidity than approach related muscle damage alone. Minimally invasine spine surgery , though has come a long way, needs to provide technical solutions to minimize all the morbidity parameters involved in spine surgery, before it can replace most of the open spine surgeries, as in the case of laparoscopic surgery or arthroscopic surgery.

  12. A cost-minimization analysis in minimally invasive spine surgery using a national cost scale method. (United States)

    Maillard, Nicolas; Buffenoir-Billet, Kevin; Hamel, Olivier; Lefranc, Benoit; Sellal, Olivier; Surer, Nathalie; Bord, Eric; Grimandi, Gael; Clouet, Johann


    The last decade has seen the emergence of minimally invasive spine surgery. However, there is still no consensus on whether percutaneous osteosynthesis (PO) or open surgery (OS) is more cost-effective in treatment of traumatic fractures and degenerative lesions. The objective of this study is to compare the clinical results and hospitalization costs of OS and PO for degenerative lesions and thoraco-lumbar fractures. This cost-minimization study was performed in patients undergoing OS or PO on a 36-month period. Patient data, surgical and clinical results, as well as cost data were collected and analyzed. The financial costs were calculated based on diagnosis related group reimbursement and the French national cost scale, enabling the evaluation of charges for each hospital stay. 46 patients were included in this cost analysis, 24 patients underwent OS and 22 underwent PO. No significant difference was found between surgical groups in terms of patient's clinical features and outcomes during the patient hospitalization. The use of PO was significantly associated with a decrease in Length Of Stay (LOS). The cost-minimization revealed that PO is associated with decreased hospital charges and shorten LOS for patients, with similar clinical outcomes and medical device cost to OS. This medico-economic study has leaded to choose preferentially the use of minimally invasive surgery techniques. This study also illustrates the discrepancy between the national health system reimbursement and real hospital charges. The medico-economic is becoming critical in the current context of sustainable health resource allocation. Copyright © 2015 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery: Transapical Aortic Valve Replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming Li


    Full Text Available Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is less traumatic and therefore leads to quicker recovery. With the assistance of engineering technologies on devices, imaging, and robotics, in conjunction with surgical technique, minimally invasive cardiac surgery will improve clinical outcomes and expand the cohort of patients that can be treated. We used transapical aortic valve implantation as an example to demonstrate that minimally invasive cardiac surgery can be implemented with the integration of surgical techniques and engineering technologies. Feasibility studies and long-term evaluation results prove that transapical aortic valve implantation under MRI guidance is feasible and practical. We are investigating an MRI compatible robotic surgical system to further assist the surgeon to precisely deliver aortic valve prostheses via a transapical approach. Ex vivo experimentation results indicate that a robotic system can also be employed in in vivo models.

  14. Minimal intervention dentistry and older patients part 2: minimally invasive operative interventions. (United States)

    Hayes, Martina; Allen, Edith; da Mata, Cristiane; McKenna, Gerald; Burke, Francis


    As described in the first paper of this two part series, the expansion of our older population and the concomitant reduction in levels of edentulism will result in an increase in the number of patients presenting in general practice with complex restorative challenges. The application of the concepts of minimal intervention dentistry and minimally invasive operative techniques may offer a powerful armamentarium to the general dentist to provide ethical and conservative treatment to older patients. When it is unavoidable, operative intervention should be as minimally invasive as practicable in older patients to preserve the longevity of their natural dentition.

  15. Minimally invasive transplantation of iPSC-derived ALDHhiSSCloVLA4+ neural stem cells effectively improves the phenotype of an amyotrophic lateral sclerosis model. (United States)

    Nizzardo, Monica; Simone, Chiara; Rizzo, Federica; Ruggieri, Margherita; Salani, Sabrina; Riboldi, Giulietta; Faravelli, Irene; Zanetta, Chiara; Bresolin, Nereo; Comi, Giacomo P; Corti, Stefania


    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurological disease characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons. Currently, there is no effective therapy for ALS. Stem cell transplantation is a potential therapeutic strategy for ALS, and the reprogramming of adult somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) represents a novel cell source. In this study, we isolated a specific neural stem cell (NSC) population from human iPSCs based on high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity, low side scatter and integrin VLA4 positivity. We assessed the therapeutic effects of these NSCs on the phenotype of ALS mice after intrathecal or intravenous injections. Transplanted NSCs migrated and engrafted into the central nervous system via both routes of injection. Compared with control ALS, treated ALS mice exhibited improved neuromuscular function and motor unit pathology and significantly increased life span, in particular with the systemic administration of NSCs (15%). These positive effects are linked to multiple mechanisms, including production of neurotrophic factors and reduction of micro- and macrogliosis. NSCs induced a decrease in astrocyte number through the activation of the vanilloid receptor TRPV1. We conclude that minimally invasive injections of iPSC-derived NSCs can exert a therapeutic effect in ALS. This study contributes to advancements in iPSC-mediated approaches for treating ALS and other neurodegenerative diseases.

  16. Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery with Intraoperative Image-Guided Navigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terrence T. Kim


    Full Text Available We present our perioperative minimally invasive spine surgery technique using intraoperative computed tomography image-guided navigation for the treatment of various lumbar spine pathologies. We present an illustrative case of a patient undergoing minimally invasive percutaneous posterior spinal fusion assisted by the O-arm system with navigation. We discuss the literature and the advantages of the technique over fluoroscopic imaging methods: lower occupational radiation exposure for operative room personnel, reduced need for postoperative imaging, and decreased revision rates. Most importantly, we demonstrate that use of intraoperative cone beam CT image-guided navigation has been reported to increase accuracy.

  17. Complications associated with posterior approaches in minimally invasive spine decompression. (United States)

    Stadler, James A; Wong, Albert P; Graham, Randall B; Liu, John C


    Posterior approaches for decompression in minimally invasive spine surgery are increasingly used for a wide range of pathology. Surgeons and patients must understand these risks in order to identify, manage, and ideally prevent complications. Technical intraoperative complications, recurrences and reoperations, infections, and medical complications associated with the surgery are considered for common posterior minimally invasive decompression procedures of the cervical and lumbar spine. Methods of possibly avoiding these complications are also discussed. This article then aggregates the relevant data to allow concise understanding of the complications associated with these procedures. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Treatment of cervical agenesis with minimally invasive therapy: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azami Denas Azinar


    Full Text Available Cervical agenesis is very rare congenital disorder case with cervical not formed. Because of cervical clogged so that menstruation can not be drained. We Report the case of a19 years old women still single with endometrioma, hematometra, cervical agenesis and perform surgery combination laparoscopy and transvaginally with laparoscopic cystectomy, neocervix, and use catheter no 24f in the new cervix. And now she can currently be normal menstruation. Minimally invasive theraphy of congenital anomalies case is recommended to save reproductive function. Keywords: Cervical agenesis, minimal invasive theraphy

  19. Early outcome of minimally invasive mitral valve surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shawky Fareed


    Conclusion: Right anterolateral mini-thoracotomy minimally invasive technique provides excellent exposure of the mitral valve, even with a small atrium and offers a better cosmetic lateral scar which is less prone to keloid formation. In addition, minimally invasive right anterolateral mini-thoracotomy is as safe as median sternotomy for mitral valve surgery, with fewer complications and postoperative pain, less ICU and hospital stay, fast recovery to work with no movement restriction after surgery. It should be used as an initial approach for mitral valve surgery. Furthermore, it was believed that less spreading of the incision, no interference with the diaphragm and less tissue dissection might improve outcomes, particularly respiratory function.

  20. Minimally invasive cervical spine foraminotomy and lateral mass screw placement. (United States)

    Mikhael, Mark M; Celestre, Paul C; Wolf, Christopher F; Mroz, Tom E; Wang, Jeffrey C


    This technique article describes accomplishing multilevel posterior cervical decompression and lateral mass screw placement through a tubular retraction system. Multilevel foraminotomy and instrumented fusion using lateral mass screw fixation can be achieved through a minimally invasive technique using specialized retractors and intraoperative fluoroscopic imaging. Minimally invasive surgical techniques have been adapted to the cervical spine with good results. These techniques have the theoretical advantages of reducing morbidity, blood loss, perioperative pain, and length of hospital stay associated with conventional open posterior spinal exposure. Minimally invasive access to the posterior cervical spine was performed with exposure through a paramedian muscle-splitting approach. With the assistance of a specialized tubular retraction system with a deep soft tissue expansion mechanism, multilevel posterior cervical decompression and fusion can be accomplished. Minimized access to perform multilevel posterior cervical foraminotomy and fusion can be safely accomplished with tubular retraction systems. Complications associated with these techniques can include inadequate decompression, improper instrumentation placement, or neurologic injury due to poor access and visualization. Multilevel foraminotomy and instrumented fusion using lateral mass screw fixation can be safely achieved using these techniques. Complications associated with these strategies are typically due to inadequate visualization, incomplete decompression, or poor placement of instrumentation. As with all minimally invasive spine techniques, the surgeon must ensure that goals of the surgery, both technical and clinical outcomes, are comparable to those of a conventional open procedure.

  1. [Minimal-invasive surgery for lung cancer - strategies and limits]. (United States)

    Schneiter, D; Weder, W


    Minimal invasive surgical procedures, also known as keyhole surgery, have gained in importance in the last years and have become the standard of care in experienced hands for most surgical procedures. Despite initial concerns with respect to the radicalness of the approach it is nowadays also established in oncologic surgery. Minimal invasive procedures aim at minimizing the operative trauma and associated inflammatory reactions to achieve faster convalescence after surgery. In addition to obvious cosmetic advantages minimal invasive surgery has been shown to be associated with fewer postoperative pain and shorter postoperative rehabilitation and faster reintegration into everyday as well as working life. With 15% of all cancer diagnoses and 29% of all cancer-associated causes of death, lung cancer is the most frequent malignancy in the general public and hence the treatment of lung cancer is a main focus of thoracic surgery. Within the scope of modern multimodal treatment concepts radical surgical resection of lung cancer is essential and the main pillar of curative treatment. In early stage lung cancer the current standard of care is a thoracoscopic lobectomy with mediastinal lymphadenectomy. The expertise of specialized centers allows for curative minimal-invasive treatment in a large number of patients, particularly of patients of advanced age or with limited pulmonary function.

  2. Limitations and ceiling effects with circumferential minimally invasive correction techniques for adult scoliosis: analysis of radiological outcomes over a 7-year experience. (United States)

    Anand, Neel; Baron, Eli M; Khandehroo, Babak


    Minimally invasive correction of adult scoliosis is a surgical method increasing in popularity. Limited data exist, however, as to how effective these methodologies are in achieving coronal plane and sagittal plane correction in addition to improving spinopelvic parameters. This study serves to quantify how much correction is possible with present circumferential minimally invasive surgical (cMIS) methods. Ninety patients were selected from a database of 187 patients who underwent cMIS scoliosis correction. All patients had a Cobb angle greater than 15°, 3 or more levels fused, and availability of preoperative and postoperative 36-inch standing radiographs. The mean duration of follow-up was 37 months. Preoperative and postoperative Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA), coronal balance, lumbar lordosis (LL), and pelvic incidence (PI) were measured. Scatter plots were performed comparing the pre- and postoperative radiological parameters to calculate ceiling effects for SVA correction, Cobb angle correction, and PI-LL mismatch correction. The mean preoperative SVA value was 60 mm (range 11.5-151 mm); the mean postoperative value was 31 mm (range 0-84 mm). The maximum SVA correction achieved with cMIS techniques in any of the cases was 89 mm. In terms of coronal Cobb angle, a mean correction of 61% was noted, with a mean preoperative value of 35.8° (range 15°-74.7°) and a mean postoperative value of 13.9° (range 0°-32.5°). A ceiling effect for Cobb angle correction was noted at 42°. The ability to correct the PI-LL mismatch to 10° was limited to cases in which the preoperative PI-LL mismatch was 38° or less. Circumferential MIS techniques as currently used for the treatment of adult scoliosis have limitations in terms of their ability to achieve SVA correction and lumbar lordosis. When the preoperative SVA is greater than 100 mm and a substantial amount of lumbar lordosis is needed, as determined by spinopelvic parameter calculations, surgeons should

  3. Minimally invasive spine surgery in chronic low back pain patients. (United States)

    Spoor, A B; Öner, F C


    Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 85%. The pathophysiology of LBP can be various depending on the underlying problem. Only in about 10% of the patients specific underlying disease processes can be identified. Patients with scoliosis, spondylolisthesis, herniated discs, adjacent disc disease, disc degeneration, failed back surgery syndrome or pseudoartrosis all have symptoms of LBP in different ways. Chronic low back pain patients are advised to stay active, however, there is no strong evidence that exercise therapy is significantly different than other nonsurgical therapies. Not every patient with symptoms of LBP is an appropriate candidate for surgery. Even with thorough systematic reviews, no proof can be found for the benefit of surgery in patients with low back pain, without serious neurologic deficit. And subjects like psychologic and socio-demographic factors also seem to be influencing a patients perception of back pain, expectations of treatment, and outcomes of treatment. Open lumbar fusion procedures are typically lengthy procedures and require a long exposure, which may result in ischemic necrosis of the paraspinal musculature, atrophy, and prolonged back pain. Minimally invasive spine surgery needed to take care of a decrease in muscle injuries due to retraction and avoidance of disruption of the osseotendineous complex of the paraspinal muscles, especially the multifidus attachment to the spinous process and superior articular process. Therefore, effort has been made to develop percutaneous fusion, as well as fixation methods, which avoid the negative effects of open surgery. Several minimally invasive fusion strategies have been described, like anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and two lateral approaches (XLIF and DLIF), all with pro's and con's compared to open surgery and each other. The effect of MIS of all type is

  4. Center for Innovative Minimally Invasive Therapy (CIMIT) (United States)


    called the Carotid Collar for capturing data in this area, Figure 5. The system is based on piezo-electric sensors embedded in a cervical collar...these ultrafiltration units, when coupled with proximal tubule reabsorptive units, will offer the most effective means of delivering efficient

  5. Minimally invasive biomarkers of general anesthetic-induced developmental neurotoxicity. (United States)

    Zhang, X; Liu, F; Slikker, W; Wang, C; Paule, M G

    The association of general anesthesia with developmental neurotoxicity, while nearly impossible to study in pediatric populations, is clearly demonstrable in a variety of animal models from rodents to nonhuman primates. Nearly all general anesthetics tested have been shown to cause abnormal brain cell death in animals when administered during periods of rapid brain growth. The ability to repeatedly assess in the same subjects adverse effects induced by general anesthetics provides significant power to address the time course of important events associated with exposures. Minimally-invasive procedures provide the opportunity to bridge the preclinical/clinical gap by providing the means to more easily translate findings from the animal laboratory to the human clinic. Positron Emission Tomography or PET is a tool with great promise for realizing this goal. PET for small animals (microPET) is providing valuable data on the life cycle of general anesthetic induced neurotoxicity. PET radioligands (annexin V and DFNSH) targeting apoptotic processes have demonstrated that a single bout of general anesthesia effected during a vulnerable period of CNS development can result in prolonged apoptotic signals lasting for several weeks in the rat. A marker of cellular proliferation (FLT) has demonstrated in rodents that general anesthesia-induced inhibition of neural progenitor cell proliferation is evident when assessed a full 2weeks after exposure. Activated glia express Translocator Protein (TSPO) which can be used as a marker of presumed neuroinflammatory processes and a PET ligand for the TSPO (FEPPA) has been used to track this process in both rat and nonhuman primate models. It has been shown that single bouts of general anesthesia can result in elevated TSPO expression lasting for over a week. These examples demonstrate the utility of specific PET tracers to inform, in a minimally-invasive fashion, processes associated with general anesthesia-induced developmental

  6. Surgeons' musculoskeletal pain in minimally invasive surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalager, Tina; Søgaard, Karen; Bech, Katrine Tholstrup

    in surgeons performing MIS is high and derives mainly from static postures. Positioning of monitor, adjustment of table height and instrument design also contribute substantially. Robotic assisted laparoscopy seems less physically demanding for the surgeon compared with conventional laparoscopy. However, some...... alongside patient safety. The present literature study supports the need for a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of an individually designed training program for surgeons performing MIS....

  7. Predicting blood transfusion in patients undergoing minimally invasive oesophagectomy. (United States)

    Schneider, Crispin; Boddy, Alex P; Fukuta, Junaid; Groom, William D; Streets, Christopher G


    To evaluate predictors of allogenic blood transfusion requirements in patients undergoing minimal invasive oesophagectomy at a tertiary high volume centre for oesophago-gastric surgery. Retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing minimal access oesophagectomy in our department between January 2010 and December 2011. Patients were divided into two groups depending on whether they required a blood transfusion at any time during their index admission. Factors that have been shown to influence perioperative blood transfusion requirements in major surgery were included in the analysis. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the impact of patient and perioperative characteristics on transfusion requirements during the index admission. A total of 80 patients underwent minimal access oesophagectomy, of which 61 patients had a laparoscopic assisted oesophagectomy and 19 patients had a minimal invasive oesophagectomy. Perioperative blood transfusion was required in 28 patients at any time during hospital admission. On binary logistic regression analysis, a lower preoperative haemoglobin concentration (p blood transfusion requirements. It has been reported that requirement for blood transfusion can affect long-term outcomes in oesophageal cancer resection. Two factors which could be addressed preoperatively; haemoglobin concentration and type of oesophageal resection, may be valuable in predicting blood transfusions in patients undergoing minimally invasive oesophagectomy. Our analysis revealed that preoperative haemoglobin concentration, occurrence of significant complications and type of minimal access oesophagectomy predicted blood transfusion requirements in the patient population examined. Copyright © 2014 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Comparison of the effect on bone healing process of different implants used in minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis: limited contact dynamic compression plate versus locking compression plate


    Xue, Zichao; Xu, Haitao; Ding, Haoliang; Qin, Hui; An, Zhiquan


    Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) has been widely accepted because of its satisfactory clinical outcomes. However, the implant construct that works best for MIPO remains controversial. Different plate designs result in different influence mechanisms to blood flow. In this study, we created ulnar fractures in 42 beagle dogs and fixed the fractures using MIPO. The dogs were randomly divided into two groups and were fixed with a limited contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) or ...

  9. Use of minimally invasive spine surgical instruments for the treatment of bone tumors. (United States)

    Reeves, Russell A; DeWolf, Matthew C; Shaughnessy, Peter J; Ames, James B; Henderson, Eric R


    Orthopedic oncologists often encounter patients with minor bony lesions that are difficult to access surgically and therefore require large exposures out of proportion to the severity of disease that confer significant patient morbidity. Minimally invasive surgical techniques offer the advantage of smaller incisions, shorter operative times, decreased tissue damage, and decreased costs. A variety of surgical procedures have emerged using minimally invasive technologies, particularly in the field of spine surgery. Areas covered: In this article, we describe the Minimal Exposure Tubular Retractor (METRxTM) System which is a minimally invasive surgical device that utilizes a series of dilators to permit access to a surgical site of interest. This system was developed for use in treatment of disc herniation, spinal stenosis, posterior lumbar interbody fusion, transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and spinal cord stimulation implantation. We also describe novel uses of this system for minimally invasive biopsy and treatment of benign and metastatic bone lesions at our institution. Expert commentary: Minimally invasive surgical techniques will continue to expand into the field of orthopedic oncology. With a greater number of studies proving the safety and effectiveness of this technique, the demand for minimally invasive treatments will grow.

  10. A new minimally invasive mesotherapy technique for facial rejuvenation. (United States)

    Savoia, Antonella; Landi, Simone; Baldi, Alfonso


    This study describes a pivotal clinical trial of a new minimally invasive mesotherapy technique for facial rejuvenation. The authors utilized two formulations: formulation A with hyaluronic acid, vitamins, amino acids, minerals, coenzymes, and antioxidant substances; formulation B with hyaluronic acid and idebenone. Fifty participants were enrolled in the study and divided in two groups. Group 1 (50-65 years) treated with formulation A. Group 2 (35-50 years) treated with formulation B. The groups underwent four sessions of mesotherapy involving multiple injections. Treatment was conducted at 15 day intervals. All participants had pre- and posttreatment photographs. Punch biopsies were taken from randomly selected participants, baseline and after 6 weeks, and stained for interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, and collagen 1. Clinical evaluation was based on the Global Aesthetic Scale (GAIS) and on the Wrinkle Severity Rating Scale (WSRS). The results produced were statistically analyzed and resulted in a significant and long-lasting effect on facial rejuvenation. Evaluation of photographs at 0, 1, and 2 months revealed significant clinical improvement: brightness, texture, and firmness of the skin. The analysis of the GAIS and WSRS scores in the two groups demonstrated statistically significant results after 2 months. The biopsies taken from randomly selected participants at baseline and after 3 months showed a decrease in IL-1β, IL-6, and MMP1, and an increase in collagen 1. The new minimally invasive mesotherapy technique described can improve the clinical appearance of the skin in different age groups.

  11. Impact of minimally invasive surgery on the pediatric surgical profession. (United States)

    Jones, Vinci S; Biesheuvel, Cornelis J; Cohen, Ralph C


    We conducted a survey among pediatric surgeons to examine the impact of the advent of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) on the pediatric surgical profession with respect to job satisfaction and training challenges. An invitation to participate in a web-based questionnaire was sent out to 306 pediatric surgeons. Apart from demographic details and training recommendations, parameters relevant to job satisfaction, including patient interaction, peer pressure, ethical considerations, academic progress, ability to train residents, and financial remuneration, were studied. The response rate was 38.2%. Working in a unit performing MIS was identified by 71% of respondents as the most effective and feasible modality of training in MIS. Inability to get away from a busy practice was the most common reason cited for inability to acquire MIS training. The overall responses to the job satisfaction parameters showed a positive trend in the current MIS era for patient interaction, ethical considerations, academic progress, and training residents, with a negative trend for peer pressure and financial remuneration. The enthusiastic minimally invasive surgeons (EMIS) were defined as those having more than 5 years of MIS experience and also performing more than 10% of their work using MIS. Of the 113 responses analyzed, 67 belonged to the EMIS category. Those belonging to the EMIS group were less likely to feel inadequate in training their residents, in meeting the felt needs of the patients, or to complain about peer pressure. They were more likely to consider MIS to be as relevant and beneficial in children as in adults. Embracing MIS, as represented by the EMIS group, correlated with an overall greater job satisfaction.

  12. Diagnosis and minimally invasive treatment of early stage breast carcinoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Esser, S.


    In this thesis the diagnostic work up and minimally invasive surgical treatment of early stage breast carcinoma is studied. Although the surgical treatment of breast carcinoma has improved significantly over the past decades, there is still room for improvement. On the one hand the focus is on early

  13. Manual Control for Medical Instruments in Minimally Invasive Surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fan, C.


    With the introduction of new technologies, surgical procedures have been varying from free access in open surgery towards limited access in minimal invasive surgery. During such procedures, surgeons have to manoeuver the instruments from outside the patient while looking at the monitor. Long and

  14. Update in minimal invasive therapy in benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hest, P.J. van; Ancona, F.C.H. d'


    Last decade several new treatment modalities for minimal invasive therapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia have been developed, both ablative and non-ablative. In this review the authors describe the different techniques and clinical studies of bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP),

  15. Anaesthesia for minimally invasive gastric and bowel surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Claus


    eliminated anaesthetic drugs are, by virtue of their pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles, optimal for use; combined with continuous thoracic epidurals with local anaesthetics and low-dose opioids, these drugs may permit reduction of various post-operative complications. Minimally invasive surgical...

  16. Paradigm changes in spine surgery: evolution of minimally invasive techniques. (United States)

    Smith, Zachary A; Fessler, Richard G


    Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) techniques were developed to address morbidities associated with open spinal surgery approaches. MISS was initially applied for indications such as the microendoscopic decompression of stenosis (MEDS)-an operation that has become widely implemented in modern spine surgery practice. Minimally invasive surgery for MEDS is an excellent example of how an MISS technique has improved outcomes compared with the use of traditional open surgical procedures. In parallel with reports of surgeon experience, accumulating clinical evidence suggests that MISS is favoured over open surgery, and one could argue that the role of MISS techniques will continue to expand. As the field of minimally invasive surgery has developed, MISS has been implemented for the treatment of increasingly difficult and complex pathologies, including trauma, spinal malignancies and spinal deformity in adults. In this Review, we present the accumulating evidence in support of minimally invasive techniques for established MISS indications, such as lumbar stenosis, and discuss the need for additional level I and level II data to demonstrate the benefit of MISS over traditional open surgery. The expanding utility of MISS techniques to address an increasingly broad range of spinal pathologies is also highlighted.

  17. Super-resolution techniques for minimally invasive surgery


    De Smet, Vincent; Namboodiri, Vinay; Van Gool, Luc


    De Smet V., Namboodiri V.P., Van Gool L., ''Super-resolution techniques for minimally invasive surgery'', 6th MICCAI workshop on augmented environments for computer assisted interventions - AE-CAI 2011, pp. 41-50, September 22, 2011, Toronto, Canada.

  18. Minimally invasive diagnostics and immunotherapy of lung cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Talebian-Yazdi, M.


    This thesis deals with aspects of diagnostics and immunotherapy of lung cancer. The first aim of this thesis is to investigate how the implementation of minimally invasive endoscopic ultrasound techniques (EUS and EBUS) in the staging algorithm of NSCLC can be optimized. The second aim of this

  19. Minimally invasive surgery for ovarian cysts in children ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background/purpose A transumbilical approach was recently reported for management of several surgical procedures in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a minimally invasive transumbilical approach against the laparoscopic approach in the management of ovarian cysts in children.

  20. Exciting times: Towards a totally minimally invasive paediatric ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Following on from the first paediatric laparoscopic nephrectomy in 1992, the growth of minimally invasive ablative and reconstructive procedures in paediatric urology has been dramatic. This article reviews the literature related to laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty, optimising posterior urethral valve ablation and ...

  1. Factors Influencing the Adoption of Minimally Invasive Surgery ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Cost is a major concern for delivery of minimally invasive surgical technologies due to the nature of resources required. It is unclear whether factors extrinsic to technology availability impact on this uptake. Objectives: To establish the influence of institutional, patient and surgeon-related factors in the adoption of ...

  2. Minimally invasive surgery for ovarian cysts in children ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background/purposeA transumbilical approach was recently reported for management of several surgical procedures in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a minimally invasive transumbilical approach against the laparoscopic approach in the management of ovarian cysts in children.

  3. Treatment of Pseudoarthrosis After Minimally Invasive Hallux Valgus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    7.4% poor results (4 feet). All osteotomies healed well,. ABSTRACT. Objective: Treatment of mild and moderate hallux valgus deformities. Discussion: Minimally invasive technique enables surgeons to treat mild and moderate hallux valgus deformities with excellent and good results in the majority of patients. Nonunion of ...

  4. Minimally invasive flapless implant surgery: a prospective multicenter study. (United States)

    Becker, William; Goldstein, Moshe; Becker, Burton E; Sennerby, Lars


    Placement of implants with a minimally invasive flapless approach has the potential to minimize crestal bone loss, soft tissue inflammation, and probing depth adjacent to implants and to minimize surgical time. The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate implant placement using a minimally invasive one-stage flapless technique up to 2 years. Fifty-seven patients ranging in age from 24 to 86 years were recruited from three clinical centers (Tucson, AZ, USA; Tel Aviv, Israel; Göteborg, Sweden). Seventy-nine implants were placed. A small, sharp-tipped guiding drill was used to create a precise, minimally invasive initial penetration through the mucosa and into bone (Nobel Biocare, Yorba, Linda, CA, USA). Implants were placed according to the manufacturer's instructions, with minimal countersinking. The parameters evaluated were total surgical time, implant survival, bone quality and quantity, implant position by tooth type, depth from mucosal margin to bone crest, implant length, probing depth, inflammation, and crestal bone changes. At 2 years, for 79 implants placed in 57 patients, the cumulative success rate using a minimally invasive flapless method was 98.7%, indicating the loss of 1 implant. Changes in crestal bone for 77 baseline and follow-up measurements were insignificant (radiograph 1: mean 0.7 mm, SD 0.5 mm, range 2.8 mm, minimum 0.2 mm, maximum 3.0 mm; radiograph 2: mean 0.8 mm, SD 0.5 mm, range 3.4 mm, minimum 0.12 mm, maximum 3.5 mm). Using descriptive statistics for 78 patients (one implant lost), mean changes for probing depth and inflammation were clinically insignificant. The average time for implant placement was 28 minutes (minimum 10 minutes, maximum 60 minutes, SD 13.1 minutes). Average depth from mucosal margin to bone was 3.3 mm ( SD 0.7 mm, minimum 2 mm, maximum 5 mm, range 3 mm). Thirty-two implants were placed in maxillae and 47 in mandibles. The results of this study demonstrate that following diagnostic treatment planning criteria

  5. The incidence of hiatal hernia after minimally invasive esophagectomy. (United States)

    Bronson, Nathan W; Luna, Renato A; Hunter, John G; Dolan, James P


    Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has evolved as a means to minimize the morbidity of an operation which is traditionally associated with a significant risk. However, this approach may have its own unique postoperative complications. In this study, we describe the incidence and outcomes of hiatal hernia in a cohort of MIE patients. Clinical follow-up data on 114 patients who had undergone minimally invasive esophagectomy between 2003 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical presentation and computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest and abdomen were used to establish the diagnosis of hiatal herniation after minimally invasive esophagectomy. Age, gender, presenting complaint, comorbid conditions, clinical tumor stage, surgical specimen size, length and cost of hospital admissions, operation performed for hiatal herniation, and mortality were all recorded for analysis. Nine (8%) of the 114 patients who underwent MIE had postoperative hiatal herniation. Five of these patients were asymptomatic. All patients except two who presented emergently were repaired laparoscopically on an elective basis. The average length of stay after hiatal hernia repair was 5.5 days (range 2-12) at an average charge of $40,785 (range $25,264-$83,953). At follow-up, one patient complained of symptoms associated with reflux. Hiatal herniation is not a rare event after MIE. It is also associated with significant health-care cost and may be lethal. Most occurrences appear to be asymptomatic and, if detected, can be repaired with good resolution of symptoms, minimal associated morbidity, and no mortality.

  6. Variability in Minimally Invasive Surgery for Sagittal Craniosynostosis. (United States)

    Garland, Catharine B; Camison, Liliana; Dong, Shirley M; Mai, Rick S; Losee, Joseph E; Goldstein, Jesse A


    Minimally invasive approaches to the surgical correction of sagittal craniosynostosis are gaining favor as an alternative to open cranial vault remodeling. In this systematic review, the reviewers evaluate the variability in described surgical techniques for minimally invasive correction of sagittal craniosynostosis. Articles were selected based on predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria from an online literature search through PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library. Extracted data included the incisions, method of dissection, osteotomies performed, and type of force therapy utilized.A total of 28 articles from 15 author groups were included in the final analysis. Of the 28 articles, 17 distinct techniques were identified. Significant variation existed in both the technique and the terminology used to describe it. Access to the cranium varied between a standard bicoronal incision (n = 2), a "lazy S" incision (n = 2), and multiple short incisions along the fused sagittal suture (n = 13). Additional variations were found in the size and design of the osteotomy, the usage (and duration, if applicable) of force therapy, and the age of the patient at the time of surgical intervention.This systematic review demonstrates that minimally invasive approaches to sagittal craniosynostosis vary widely in technique with respect to the incisions, osteotomies, and force therapy used. Additionally, the terminology employed in describing minimally invasive approaches is inconsistent across centers. This discrepancy between technique and terminology presents challenges for reporting and interpreting the increasing body of literature on this subject. We recommend standard terminology be used for future publications on minimally invasive techniques.

  7. A protocol to recover needles lost during minimally invasive surgery. (United States)

    Jayadevan, Rajiv; Stensland, Kristian; Small, Alexander; Hall, Simon; Palese, Michael


    The loss of an instrument during a surgical procedure is a potentially dangerous medical event. Retained surgical needles are reported to cause chronic pain, chronic irritation, and organ injury. Surgical needles lost during minimally invasive surgery are particularly difficult to retrieve because of their diminutive size and the camera's limited visual field, often prompting protracted recovery attempts that can add to surgical costs. Few detailed recommendations exist for the recovery of a misplaced needle. A survey was administered to minimally invasive surgeons across the United States to glean observations on the incidence of lost surgical needles and recovery techniques. Survey results were incorporated into an evidence-based protocol designed to expedite the recovery of lost surgical needles. Three hundred five minimally invasive surgeons from 11 surgical subspecialties completed the survey. Sixty-four percent of participants reported having experienced a lost surgical needle, with a minimum of 112 needles lost during the past 1 year alone. Urologists, pediatric surgeons, and bariatric surgeons reported higher rates of needle loss than surgeons practicing other subspecialties (P = .001). Removal of a needle through a minimally invasive port and laparoscopic suturing were the 2 most common situations resulting in lost needles. A systematic visual search, abdominal radiography, fluoroscopy, and the use of a magnetic retriever were reported as the most successful strategies for needle recovery. On the basis of survey results and current literature, our protocol incorporates a camera survey of the abdomen, intraoperative fluoroscopic radiography, port inspection, and a quadrant-based systematic visual search for the recovery of needles lost during minimally invasive surgery.

  8. Sialendoscopy and Combined Minimally Invasive Treatment for Large Parotid Stones (United States)

    Zavázalová, Šárka; Vorobiov, Olexii; Astl, Jaromír


    Sialendoscopy (SE) represents nowadays one of the standard diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the treatment of major salivary glands lithiasis. We know from experience that it is successful only in small percentage of patients, when used in monotherapy. However, it represents an indispensable part of all of the combined minimally invasive gland-preserving treatment techniques, the success rate of which is around 90%. In this work, we focused on the role of sialendoscopy in the treatment of patients with larger inflamed fixed stones in glandula parotis. We conducted a total of 364 sialendoscopy procedures in 332 patients on our site. We have confirmed lithiasis as a cause of salivary gland obstruction in 246 (74%) patients. In 9 patients there was larger, single, or multiple inflamed fixed lithiasis of glandula parotis. In this subgroup of patients endoscopically assisted sialolithectomy from external mini-incision has become the method of choice. In 9 of the 9 (100%) cases we have achieved complete elimination of stones, and in 8 of the 9 (89%) cases we have achieved complete elimination of complaints. Sialoendoscopically assisted sialolithectomy of glandula parotis from external mini-incision has proved to be highly effective technique to eliminate stones with minimal complications. PMID:27882318

  9. Minimally invasive research of presigmoidal approach for exposure of jugular foramen region utilizing virtual reality system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ke TANG


    Full Text Available Objective To discuss minimally invasive tactics for exposure of jugular foramen region in transpetrosal-presigmoidal approach based on virtual reality image model. Methods CT and MRI scans were performed to 15 adult cadaver heads (30 sides, and image data was inputted into Vitrea virtual reality system to establish three-dimensional anatomical model of jugular foramen region. The transpetrosal-presigmoidal approach was simulated with selecting osseous landmark points to draw a cylinder. Minimally invasive simulation was performed by reducing the diameter of cylinder. Anatomic exposures in surgical trajectory following minimally invasive design were observed, measured and compared.  Results Spacial sequence of nerves and vessels of jugular foramen region was exposured clearly with the route simulating transpetrosal-presigmoidal approach. Route before and after minimally invasive design passed through the interval between vertical segment of facial nerve and sigmoid sinus. There was a part of sigmoid sinus in the route. Cerebellar hemisphere was not included in the route. Data measurement and comparative analysis showed that volume of route, petrosal osseous structure and venous sinus involved in route before minimally invasive design was more than that after minimally invasive design. The differences reached statistical significance (P = 0.000. The volumes of lower cranial nerves between routes before and after minimally invasive design did not show significant differences (P = 0.552.  Conclusions Minimally invasive route of transpetrosal-presigmoidal approach is helpful to reduce surgical injury of vital structures in effective exposure for target structures of jugular foramen region. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2015.04.011

  10. Arthroscopic techniques in minimally invasive spine surgery: closure of the lumbar fascia: surgical technique. (United States)

    Tumialán, Luis M; Ponton, Ryan; Riccio, Anthony I


    The constrained working area in minimally invasive exposures of the spine may limit the capacity to effectively close the lumbar fascia, especially in patients with elevated body mass indexes. The working channel in these cases may have a diameter as narrow as 14 mm and a length up to 9 cm. Under these circumstances, the use of a conventional needle driver and a curved needle becomes suboptimal for closures of the fascia. To demonstrate the utility of an arthroscopic suture passer for closure of the lumbar fascia in such approaches. A flexible suture passer, typically used in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair surgery, was used through a minimally invasive portal for fascial closure after minimally invasive lumbar spine procedures. The use of an arthroscopic suture passer precludes the need for rotation of a curved needle in a constrained working area. Deploying a nitinol needle through an arc delivers the suture through the fascia, thereby facilitating closure. Satisfactory lumbar fascia closures were achieved in 18 patients with elevated body mass indexes. Application of existing technology in other surgical specialties may address the shortcomings of current techniques in minimally invasive approaches to the spine. The use of a flexible arthroscopic suture passer is one example in which current technology in one discipline may be applied to minimally invasive approaches. Increasing the awareness of techniques and instruments in other surgical disciplines may expand the armamentarium of the minimally invasive spine surgeon.

  11. Minimally invasive treatment of vesicourethral leak after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)


    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: to describe our experience with a minimally invasive approach for persistent vesicourethral anastomotic leak (PVAL after Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy (LRP. Methods: from 2004 to 2011, two surgeons performed LRP in 620 patients. Ten patients had PVAL, with initially indicated conservative treatment, to no avail. These patients underwent a minimally invasive operation, consisting of an endoscopically insertion of two ureteral catheters to direct urine flow, fixed to a new urethral catheter. We maintained the ureteral catheters for seven days on average to complete resolution of urine leakage. The urethral catheter was removed after three weeks of surgery. Results: the correction of urine leakage occurred within a range of one to three days, in all ten patients, without complications. There were no stenosis of the bladder neck and urinary incontinence on long-term follow-up. Conclusion: the study showed that PVAL after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy can be treated endoscopically with safety and excellent results.

  12. Piezocision: a minimally invasive, periodontally accelerated orthodontic tooth movement procedure. (United States)

    Dibart, Serge; Sebaoun, Jean David; Surmenian, Jerome


    An increasing number of adult patients have been seeking orthodontic treatment, and a short treatment time has been a recurring request. To meet their expectations, a number of surgical techniques have been developed to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement. However, these have been found to be quite invasive, leading to low acceptance in patients and the dental community. The authors are introducing a new, minimally invasive procedure, combining microincisions with selective tunneling that allows for hard- or soft-tissue grafting and piezoelectric incisions. This novel approach is leading to short orthodontic treatment time, minimal discomfort, and great patient acceptance, as well as enhanced, or stronger, periodontium. Because of the added grafting (bone and/or soft tissue), the periodontium is much thicker buccally.

  13. Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery in Pediatric Patients: The Taiwan Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Kai Huang


    Full Text Available Minimally invasive technology or laparoscopic surgery underwent a major breakthrough over the past two decades. The first experience of thoracoscopy in children was reported around 1980 for diagnosis of intrathoracic pathology and neoplasia. Up until the middle of the 1990s, the surgical community in Taiwan was still not well prepared to accept the coming era of minimally invasive surgery. In the beginning, laparoscopy was performed in only a few specialties and only relatively short or simple surgeries were considered. But now, the Taiwan’s experiences over the several different clinical scenarios were dramatically increased. Therefore, we elaborated on the experience about pectus excavatum: Nuss procedure, primary spontaneous hemopneumothorax, thoracoscopic thymectomy, and empyema in Taiwan.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Quillo-Olvera


    Full Text Available Microsurgical landmarks of the facet joint complex were defined to provide guidance and security within the tubular retractor during transforaminal surgery. A retrospective observational study was performed in segments L4-L5 by the left side approach. Microsurgical relevant photos, anatomical models and drawing were used to expose the suggested landmarks. The MI-TLIF technique has advantages compared with conventional open TLIF technique, however minimally invasive technique implies lack of security for the surgeon due to the lack of defined microanatomical landmarks compared to open spine surgery, and disorientation within the tubular retractor, the reason why to have precise microsurgical references and its recognition within the surgical field provide speed and safety when performing minimally invasive technique.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)


    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the impact of a minimally invasive lumbar one-level fixation on trunk mobility and quality of life compared with the preoperative condition in 26 consecutive patients. Methods: The following data were collected preoperatively and postoperatively for the statistical analysis: maximal trunk extension and flexion angles, Visual Analog Scale of pain and Oswestry Disability Index scores. Results: There was improvement in all variables. Statistical significance was observed in trunk extension, pain, and Oswestry Disability Index. Although mobility in trunk flexion was higher in average values after surgery, this difference was not statistically demonstrated. Conclusion: Minimally invasive one-level lumbar fixation does not cause reduction of trunk flexibility in comparison to the mobility before surgery.

  16. Effect of intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia on the stress response in patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve surgery. (United States)

    Zhan, Yanping; Chen, Guo; Huang, Jian; Hou, Benchao; Liu, Weicheng; Chen, Shibiao


    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia on the stress response and postoperative recovery in patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MIMVS). A total of 30 patients scheduled for MIMVS were randomly divided into two groups (n=15 each): Group A, which received intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia and group B, which received general anesthesia alone. Intercostal nerve block in group A was performed with 0.5% ropivacaine from T3 to T7 prior to anesthesia induction. In each group, general anesthesia was induced using midazolam, sufentanil, propofol and vecuronium. Central venous blood samples were collected to determine the concentrations of cortisol, glucose, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) at the following time points: During central venous catheterization (T1), 5 min prior to cardiopulmonary bypass (T2), perioperative (T3) and 24 h following surgery (T4). Clinical data, including parameters of opioid (sufentanil) consumption, time of mechanical ventilation, duration of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, visual analog scale scores and any complications arising from intercostal nerve block, were recorded. Levels of cortisol, glucose, IL-6 and TNF-α in group A were significantly lower than those in group B at T2 (all Pblock combined with general anesthesia may inhibit the stress response to MIMVS. Additionally, intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia may significantly reduce sufentanil consumption (Pblock combined with general anesthesia conforms to the concept of rapid rehabilitation surgery and may be suitable for clinical practice.

  17. Minimally invasive percutaneous endoscopic discectomy and drainage for infectious spondylodiscitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsai-Sheng Fu


    Full Text Available The primary goals for treating infectious spondylodiscitis are to make an accurate diagnosis, isolate the causative organism, and prescribe effective antibiotic therapy based on the culture data. A positive culture of the responsible organism is not required for diagnosis, although it is extremely important for successful treatment and prevention of further morbidity. Surgical intervention is usually reserved for cases that are unresponsive to antibiotic therapy and for patients who have developed progressive spinal deformity or instability, epidural abscesses, or neurological impairment. However, the incidence of perioperative morbidity is particularly increased in elderly patients or in those with poor general condition. With improved endoscopic instruments and techniques, our clinical experiences demonstrate that spinal infections can be successfully treated by minimally invasive percutaneous endoscopic debridement. Direct endoscopic observation and collection of sufficient quantities of samples for microbiological examinations from the infected region are usually possible. This article summarizes the diagnostic and therapeutic values of percutaneous endoscopic discectomy and drainage (PEDD used to treat patients with spondylodiscitis. Our clinical evidence-based survey suggests that PEDD can provide adequate retrieval of specimens and has high diagnostic efficacy, thereby enabling prompt and sensitive antibiotic therapy to the offending pathogens. We propose that PEDD is an effective alternative for treating infectious spondylodiscitis and should be considered prior to extensive anterior surgery in selected cases. This method is particularly suitable for patients with early-stage spinal infection or serious medical conditions.

  18. An Instrumented Minimally Invasive Surgical Tool: Design and Calibration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip R. Roan


    Full Text Available Minimally invasive surgical procedures have improved the standard of patient care by reducing recovery time, chance of infection, and scarring. A recent review estimates that leaks occur in 3% to 6% of bowel anastomoses, resulting in “increased morbidity and mortality and adversely [affecting] length of stay, cost, and cancer recurrence” [23]. Many of these leaks are caused by poor handling and ischemic tissue.

  19. Imaging findings after minimally invasive nephron-sparing renal therapies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarwani, N.I. [Department of Radiology, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center (United States)]. E-mail:; Motta Ramirez, G.A. [Department of Radiology, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center (United States); Remer, E.M. [Department of Radiology, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center (United States); Kaouk, J.H. [Glickman Urological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation (United States); Gill, I.S. [Glickman Urological Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation (United States)


    With the trend towards minimally invasive and nephron-sparing surgery for renal masses, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and energy ablative techniques have become common approaches to treat low-stage tumours. Complications following such techniques are occasional, especially for ablation techniques. This review illustrates the imaging of these complications and of tumour recurrence, with the conclusion that imaging plays an important role in their diagnosis, and in the infrequent situation that intervention is needed, helps to plan subsequent management.

  20. A minimally invasive treatment of severe dental fluorosis. (United States)

    Ardu, Stefano; Stavridakis, Minos; Krejci, Ivo


    This article describes a minimally invasive technique to treat a severe case of enamel fluorosis using microabrasion to eliminate the hypermineralized, white-colored, superficial enamel layer, followed by home bleaching treatment and chairside re-creation of superficial enamel microstructure. The proposed technique may improve the esthetics of fluorotic teeth without requiring other restorative procedures. Microabrasion followed by home bleaching may be an interesting alternative for the restorative treatment of teeth affected by fluorosis.

  1. A minimally invasive treatment of severe dental fluorosis


    Ardu, Stefano; Stavridakis, Minos; Krejci, Ivo


    This article describes a minimally invasive technique to treat a severe case of enamel fluorosis using microabrasion to eliminate the hypermineralized, white-colored, superficial enamel layer, followed by home bleaching treatment and chairside re-creation of superficial enamel microstructure. The proposed technique may improve the esthetics of fluorotic teeth without requiring other restorative procedures. Microabrasion followed by home bleaching may be an interesting alternative for the rest...

  2. Complications Associated With Femoral Cannulation During Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery. (United States)

    Lamelas, Joseph; Williams, Roy F; Mawad, Maurice; LaPietra, Angelo


    Different types of cannulation techniques are available for minimally invasive cardiac surgery. At our institution, we favor a femoral platform for most minimally invasive cardiac procedures. Here, we review our results utilizing this cannulation approach. We retrospectively reviewed all minimally invasive valve surgeries that were performed at our institution between January 2009 and January 2015. Operative times, lengths of stay, postoperative complications, and mortality were analyzed. We identified 2,645 consecutive patients. The mean age was 69.7 ± 12.77 years, and 1,412 patients (53.4%) were male. Three hundred fifty-eight patients (13.5%) had a history of cerebrovascular accident, 422 (16%) had previous heart surgery, and 276 (10.4%) had a history of peripheral vascular disease. The procedures performed were isolated aortic valve replacements (42.1%), isolated mitral valve operations (40.6%), tricuspid valve repairs (0.57%), double valve surgery (15%), triple valve surgery (0.3%), and ascending aortic aneurysm resection with and without circulatory arrest (5%). Femoral cannulation and central cannulation were utilized in 2,400 patients (90.7%) and 244 patients (9.3%), respectively. The median aortic cross-clamp time and cardiopulmonary bypass time were 81 minutes (interquartile range, 65 to 105) and 113 minutes (interquartile range, 92 to 142), respectively. The median postoperative hospital length of stay was 6 days (interquartile range, 5 to 9). There were 31 cerebrovascular accidents (1.17%), no aortic dissections, two compartment syndromes, two femoral arterial pseudoaneurysms, and 174 (6.65%) groin wound seromas. The overall 30-day mortality was 57 patients (2.15%). Minimally invasive cardiac surgical procedures utilizing femoral cannulation techniques have a low risk of complications. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Orthodontic treatment finishing with minimally invasive resin composite veneers.


    Maenosono, Rafael Massunari; Department of Operative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials – Bauru School of Dentistry – University of São Paulo – Bauru – São Paulo – Brazil.; Ramos, Carla Muller; Department of Operative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials – Bauru School of Dentistry – University of São Paulo – Bauru – São Paulo – Brazil.; Brianezzi, Letícia Ferreira de Freitas; Department of Operative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials – Bauru School of Dentistry – University of São Paulo – Bauru – São Paulo – Brazil.; Oda, Denise Ferracioli; Department of Operative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials – Bauru School of Dentistry – University of São Paulo – Bauru – São Paulo – Brazil.; Mondelli, Rafael Francisco Lia; Department of Operative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials – Bauru School of Dentistry – University of São Paulo – Bauru – São Paulo – Brazil.; Ishikiriama, Sérgio Kiyoshi; Department of Operative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials – Bauru School of Dentistry – University of São Paulo – Bauru – São Paulo – Brazil.


    Anatomic alterations caused by incisal guide wear, even being small, cause the aspect of an aged smile. The objective of this clinical case is to report a highly conservative esthetical treatment, performed through the association of in-office bleaching and resin composite veneers. In-office bleaching was performed with 35% hydrogen peroxide, and in the following week minimal invasive resin composite veneers were implemented on upper incisors and canines. In the next appointment, finishing an...

  4. Minimally invasive surgical approach to treat posterior urethral diverticulum (United States)

    Alsowayan, Ossamah; Almodhen, Fayez; Alshammari, Ahmed


    Urethral diverticulum is a localized saccular or fusiform out-pouching of the urethra. It may occur at any point along the urethra in both male and females. Male urethral diverticulum is rare, and could be either congenital or acquired, anterior or posterior. The mainstay treatment of posterior urethral diverticulum (PUD) is the open surgical approach. Here we discuss our minimally invasive surgical approach (MIS) in managing posterior urethral diverticulum. PMID:25834967

  5. Minimally invasive surgical approach to treat posterior urethral diverticulum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ossamah Alsowayan


    Full Text Available Urethral diverticulum is a localized saccular or fusiform out-pouching of the urethra. It may occur at any point along the urethra in both male and females. Male urethral diverticulum is rare, and could be either congenital or acquired, anterior or posterior. The mainstay treatment of posterior urethral diverticulum (PUD is the open surgical approach. Here we discuss our minimally invasive surgical approach (MIS in managing posterior urethral diverticulum.

  6. Minimally invasive surgical approach to treat posterior urethral diverticulum


    Ossamah Alsowayan; Fayez Almodhen; Ahmed Alshammari


    Urethral diverticulum is a localized saccular or fusiform out-pouching of the urethra. It may occur at any point along the urethra in both male and females. Male urethral diverticulum is rare, and could be either congenital or acquired, anterior or posterior. The mainstay treatment of posterior urethral diverticulum (PUD) is the open surgical approach. Here we discuss our minimally invasive surgical approach (MIS) in managing posterior urethral diverticulum.

  7. Minimally invasive (endoscopic-computer assisted) surgery: Technique and review


    Kumar, Anand; Yadav, Nirma; Singh, Shipra; Chauhan, Neha


    Endoscopic or minimally invasive surgery popular as keyhole surgery is a medical procedure in which endoscope (a camera) is used, and it has gained broad acceptance with popularity in several surgical specialties and has heightened the standard of care. Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a modern discipline in the field of dentistry in which endoscopy has developed as well as widely used in surgeries and is rapidly gaining importance. The use of different visual as well as standard instruments...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliano Vialle


    Full Text Available Objective : This study aims to evaluate changes in lumbosacral parameters after minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion. The secondary aim was to evaluate whether interbody cage shape (crescent shaped or rectangular would influence the results. Method : Retrospective analysis of 70 patients who underwent one or two level lumbar interbody fusion through a minimally invasive posterolateral approach. This included midline preservation and unilateral facetectomy. Pre- and postoperative (three to six months postoperative radiographs were used for measuring lumbar lordosis (LL, segmental lordosis (SL at the level of interbody fusion, and sacral slope (SS. Further analyses divided the patients into Roussouly lumbar subgroups. Results : LL was significantly reduced after surgery (59o:39o, p=0.001 as well as the SS (33.8o:31.2o, p=0.05. SL did not change significantly (11.4:11.06, p=0.85. There were no significant differences when comparing patients who received crescent shaped cage (n=27 and rectangular cage (n=43. Hypolordotic patients (Roussouly types 1 and 2 had radiographic improvement in comparison to normolordotic and hyperlordotic groups (types 3 and 4. Conclusion : Minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion caused reduction in lumbosacral parameters. Cage shape had no influence on the results.

  9. An optimized hollow microneedle for minimally invasive blood extraction. (United States)

    Li, Cheng Guo; Lee, Chang Yeol; Lee, Kwang; Jung, Hyungil


    The healthcare system relies widely on biochemical information obtained from blood sample extracted via hypodermic needles, despite the invasiveness and pain associated with this procedure. Therefore, an alternative micro-scale needle for minimally invasive blood sampling is highly desirable. Traditional fabrication techniques to create microneedles do not generate needles with the combined features of a sharp tip, long length, and hollow structure concurrently. Here, we report the fabrication of a microneedle long enough to reach blood vessels and sharp enough to minimize nerve contact for minimally invasive blood extraction. The microneedle structure was precisely controlled using a drawing lithography technique, and a sharp tip angle was introduced using a laser-cutting system. We investigated the characteristics of a microneedle with a length of 1,800 μm length, an inner diameter of 60 μm, a tip diameter of 120 μm, and a 15° bevel angle through in-vitro liquid extraction and mechanical strength analysis. We demonstrated that the proposed structure results in blood extraction at a reasonable rate, and that a microneedle with this geometry can reliably penetrate skin without breaking. We integrated this microneedle into a blood extraction device to extract a 20 μl volume of mouse blood in-vivo. Our optimized, hollow microneedle can potentially be incorporated with other cutting-edge technologies such as microactuators, biosensors, and microfluidic chips to create blood analysis systems for point-of-care diagnostics.

  10. TELMA: Technology-enhanced learning environment for minimally invasive surgery. (United States)

    Sánchez-González, Patricia; Burgos, Daniel; Oropesa, Ignacio; Romero, Vicente; Albacete, Antonio; Sánchez-Peralta, Luisa F; Noguera, José F; Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco M; Gómez, Enrique J


    Cognitive skills training for minimally invasive surgery has traditionally relied upon diverse tools, such as seminars or lectures. Web technologies for e-learning have been adopted to provide ubiquitous training and serve as structured repositories for the vast amount of laparoscopic video sources available. However, these technologies fail to offer such features as formative and summative evaluation, guided learning, or collaborative interaction between users. The "TELMA" environment is presented as a new technology-enhanced learning platform that increases the user's experience using a four-pillared architecture: (1) an authoring tool for the creation of didactic contents; (2) a learning content and knowledge management system that incorporates a modular and scalable system to capture, catalogue, search, and retrieve multimedia content; (3) an evaluation module that provides learning feedback to users; and (4) a professional network for collaborative learning between users. Face validation of the environment and the authoring tool are presented. Face validation of TELMA reveals the positive perception of surgeons regarding the implementation of TELMA and their willingness to use it as a cognitive skills training tool. Preliminary validation data also reflect the importance of providing an easy-to-use, functional authoring tool to create didactic content. The TELMA environment is currently installed and used at the Jesús Usón Minimally Invasive Surgery Centre and several other Spanish hospitals. Face validation results ascertain the acceptance and usefulness of this new minimally invasive surgery training environment. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Minimally invasive approach for isolated tricuspid valve surgery. (United States)

    Urbandt, Pablo; Santana, Orlando; Mihos, Christos G; Pineda, Andres M; Joseph Lamelas


    Isolated tricuspid valve surgery has been associated with a high morbidity and mortality. The study aim was to analyze the feasibility of a minimally invasive approach for isolated tricuspid valve surgery. A total of 2,945 heart operations performed at the authors' institution between January 2009 and April 2013 was retrospectively reviewed to identify patients who had undergone isolated, minimally invasive tricuspid valve surgery via a right mini-thoracotomy approach. Details of operative times, intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital lengths of stay, postoperative complications, and mortality were analyzed. A total of 12 patients (eight females, four males; mean age 68 +/- 18 years) was identified. The median left ventricular ejection fraction was 58% (IQR 47-64%), and prior valve or coronary artery bypass graft surgery was noted in four patients (33%) and two patients (17%), respectively. Most of the patients underwent tricuspid valve repair (92%), with a median cardiopulmonary bypass time of 106 min (IQR 82-122 min). The median ICU and total hospital lengths of stay were 84 h (IQR 47-157 h) and 7 days (IQR 6-12 days), respectively. Postoperative complications included prolonged ventilation (50%), reintubation (17%), atrial fibrillation (17%), and acute kidney injury (8%). There were no postoperative cerebrovascular accidents, myocardial infarctions, reoperations for bleeding, or deep wound infections. The 30-day mortality rate was 17%, and two-year survival 67%. A minimally invasive approach for isolated tricuspid valve surgery is feasible, with a high rate of valve repair.

  12. Laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy in the era of minimally invasive surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Jen Wu


    Full Text Available According to a nation-wide population-based study in Taiwan, along with the expanding concepts and surgical techniques of minimally invasive surgery, laparoscopic supracervical/subtotal hysterectomy (LSH has been blooming. Despite this, the role of LSH in the era of minimally invasive surgery remains uncertain. In this review, we tried to evaluate the perioperative and postoperative outcomes of LSH compared to other types of hysterectomy, including total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH, vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, and total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH. From the literature, LSH has a better perioperative outcome than TAH, and comparable perioperative complications compared with laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. LSH had less bladder injury, vaginal cuff bleeding, hematoma, infection, and dehiscence requiring re-operation compared with TLH. Despite this, LSH has more postoperative cyclic menstrual bleeding and re-operations with extirpations of the cervical stump. LSH does, however, have a shorter recovery time than TAH due to the minimally invasive approach; and there is quicker resumption of coitus than TLH, due to cervical preservation and the avoidance of vaginal cuff dehiscence. LSH is therefore an alternative option when the removal of the cervix is not strictly necessary or desired. Nevertheless, the risk of further cervical malignancy, postoperative cyclic menstrual bleeding, and re-operations with extirpations of the cervical stump is a concern when discussing the advantages and disadvantages of LSH with patients.

  13. Minimally invasive surgical approaches for temporal lobe epilepsy (United States)

    Chang, Edward F.; Englot, Dario J.; Vadera, Sumeet


    Surgery can be a highly effective treatment for medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The emergence of minimally invasive resective and nonresective treatment options has led to interest in epilepsy surgery among patients and providers. Nevertheless, not all procedures are appropriate for all patients, and it is critical to consider seizure outcomes with each of these approaches, as seizure freedom is the greatest predictor of patient quality of life. Standard anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) remains the gold standard in the treatment of TLE, with seizure freedom resulting in 60–80% of patients. It is currently the only resective epilepsy surgery supported by randomized controlled trials and offers the best protection against lateral temporal seizure onset. Selective amygdalohippocampectomy techniques preserve the lateral cortex and temporal stem to varying degrees and can result in favorable rates of seizure freedom but the risk of recurrent seizures appears slightly greater than with ATL, and it is not clear whether neuropsychological outcomes are improved with selective approaches. Stereotactic radiosurgery presents an opportunity to avoid surgery altogether, with seizure outcomes now under investigation. Stereotactic laser thermo-ablation allows destruction of the mesial temporal structures with low complication rates and minimal recovery time, and outcomes are also under study. Finally, while neuromodulatory devices such as responsive neurostimulation, vagus nerve stimulation, and deep brain stimulation have a role in the treatment of certain patients, these remain palliative procedures for those who are not candidates for resection or ablation, as complete seizure freedom rates are low. Further development and investigation of both established and novel strategies for the surgical treatment of TLE will be critical moving forward, given the significant burden of this disease. PMID:26017774

  14. Minimally invasive atlantoaxial fusion: cadaveric study and report of 5 clinical cases. (United States)

    Srikantha, Umesh; Khanapure, Kiran S; Jagannatha, Aniruddha T; Joshi, Krishna C; Varma, Ravi G; Hegde, Alangar S


    OBJECTIVE Minimally invasive techniques are being increasingly used to treat disorders of the cervical spine. They have a potential to reduce the postoperative neck discomfort subsequent to extensive muscle dissection associated with conventional atlantoaxial fusion procedures. The aim of this paper was to elaborate on the technique and results of minimally invasive atlantoaxial fusion. MATERIALS Minimally invasive atlantoaxial fusion was done initially in 4 fresh-frozen cadavers and subsequently in 5 clinical cases. Clinical cases included patients with reducible atlantoaxial instability and undisplaced or minimally displaced odontoid fractures. The surgical technique is illustrated in detail. RESULTS Among the cadaveric specimens, all C-1 lateral mass screws were in the correct position and 2 of the 8 C-2 screws had a vertebral canal breach. Among clinical cases, all C-1 lateral mass screws were in the correct position. Only one C-2 screw had a Grade 2 vertebral canal breach, which was clinically insignificant. None of the patients experienced neurological worsening or implant-related complications at follow-up. Evidence of rib graft fusion or C1-2 joint fusion was successfully demonstrated in 4 cases, and flexion-extension radiographs done at follow-up did not show mobility in any case. CONCLUSIONS Minimally invasive atlantoaxial fusion is a safe and effective alternative to the conventional approach in selected cases. Larger series with direct comparison to the conventional approach will be required to demonstrate clinical benefit presumed to be associated with a minimally invasive approach.

  15. Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis for proximal humeral fractures. (United States)

    Koljonen, Paul Aarne; Fang, Christian; Lau, Tak Wing; Leung, Frankie; Cheung, Nigel W K


    To report the outcome after minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) through the deltoid-splitting approach for proximal humeral fractures. 10 men and 30 women aged 37 to 88 years underwent MIPO through the deltoid-splitting approach using the Proximal Humerus Internal Locking System or the Locking Proximal Humerus Plate for 2-part (n=18), 3-part (n=20), and 4-part (n=2) proximal humeral fractures. The rehabilitation protocol was standardised. All 40 patients were followed up at 3 months, 34 (85%) at 6 months, 30 (75%) at one year, and 13 (33%) at 2 years. Two patients had malunion. No patient had avascular necrosis, infection, nerve palsy, or nonunion. The mean Constant score at one year and 2 years was 75 and 87.5, respectively. The Constant score at 6 months correlated to that at one year (r=0.926, pfracture grade, or hand dominance. MIPO for fixation of proximal humeral fractures using a locking plate is safe and effective in enabling an early return of shoulder function.

  16. Rationale and treatment approach in minimally invasive dentistry. (United States)

    White, J M; Eakle, W S


    Current methods of detecting caries, especially fissure caries, are inaccurate, causing some caries to go undetected until it has reached more advanced stages. Minimally invasive dentistry is a philosophy in which the goal of intervention to conserve healthy tooth structure. The authors review the rationale and role of air abrasion in successful practice in the 21st century that includes the philosophy of minimal intervention. This objective encompasses a range of clinical procedures that includes assessment of caries risk to reinforce patient self-help, early detection of the disease before lesion cavitation to fortify the oral environment, restoration of fissure caries with maximum retention of sound tooth structure and sealant placement in unaffected areas. This conservative approach minimizes the restoration/re-restoration cycle, thus benefiting the patient over a lifetime.

  17. Preoperative and postoperative anesthetic and analgesic techniques for minimally invasive surgery of the spine. (United States)

    Buvanendran, Asokumar; Thillainathan, Vijay


    A review of methods to optimize anesthesia and analgesia for minimally invasive spine procedures. To provide information to surgeons and anesthesiologists of methods to provide optimal anesthesia and pain control for minimally invasive spine surgery with an emphasis on preoperative planning. Postoperative pain management in patients undergoing minimally invasive spine surgery is a challenge for the perioperative anesthesiologist. In addition to the incisional pain, trauma to deeper tissues, such as ligaments, muscles, intervertebral discs, and periosteum are reasons for significant pain. The increasing number of minimally invasive surgeries and the need for improved and rapid return of the patient of functionality have brought the perioperative anesthesiologist and the surgeon closer. We undertook a review of the literature currently available on anesthesia and analgesia for minimally invasive spine surgery with an emphasis on preoperative planning. A large number of reports of randomized controlled clinical trials with respect to perioperative anesthetic and postoperative pain management for minimally invasive spine surgery are reviewed and the applicability of some of the principles and protocols used for other types of minimally invasive surgical procedures are placed in the context of spine surgery. It is important to understand and implement a multimodal analgesic therapy during a patient's preoperative visits. Perioperative multimodal analgesia with a fast-track anesthetic protocol is also important and provided in the manuscript. This protocol poses a challenge to the anesthesiologist with respect to neurophysiologic monitoring, which requires further study. The postoperative analgesic management should be a continuance of the multimodal analgesia provided before surgery. Some drugs are not appropriate for patients undergoing fusion surgery because of their effect on bone healing. An optimal preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative anesthesia and

  18. [Acute necrotizing pancreatitis: traditional laparotomy vs. minimally invasive procedures]. (United States)

    Kostka, R; Havlůj, J


    Treatment of necrotizing pancreatitis continues to evolve. The standard therapeutic method for infected pancreatic necrosis and its subsequent septic complications is open surgical drainage. The advances in radiological imaging and interventional radiology have enabled the development of minimally invasive procedures, i.e. percutaneous drainage (PCD) under CT/USG control, endoscopic transgastric necrosectomy (ENE), laparoscopic transperitoneal necrosectomy (LNE) and retroperitoneal access to pancreatic necrosis (RENE). Patients with acute pancreatitis treated from 2002 to 2013 (n=932) were included in the study. In patients with a severe form of the disease, results obtained in two groups of patients were compared: the first group was treated by classic laparotomy (group A), the second one was treated by means of minimally invasive procedures (group B). Statistical analysis employed the chi-square test. During the mentioned period, 677 (72.6%) patients with a mild form and 255 (27.4%) with a severe form of the disease were treated. The male/female ratio was 1.4:1. In the group of patients suffering from a severe form of acute pancreatitis, 171 patients were treated conservatively, mortality rate being at 16.4% (28/171). Surgery was indicated in a total of 84 patients, mortality rate reaching 26.2% (22/84). Fifty-two of the patients underwent laparotomy (group A), minimally invasive procedures were used in a total of 32 patients (group B). Overall mortality in group A was 30.8% (16/52) vs. 18.8% (6/32) in group B, p = 0.224. The average length of hospitalization was longer in group A (65.4 days; median 52.4 vs. 49 days; median 36.5 in group B). PCD was the most frequent procedure performed in 19 patients; 5 of them died due to ongoing sepsis and multiorgan failure and 2 of them underwent revisional laparotomy. RENE was performed in 8 patients; lumbotomy was used in 5 of them. ENE was performed on 2 patients, 1 of them died, and LNE was used once. A less invasive

  19. Radiofrequency Ablation: A Minimally Invasive Approach in Kidney Tumor Management

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    Salagierski, Maciej, E-mail: [I Urology Department, Medical University of Lodz (Poland); Salagierski, Marek S. [II Urology Department, Medical University of Lodz (Poland)


    The management and diagnosis of renal tumors have changed significantly over the last decade. Due to advances in imaging techniques, more than 50% of kidney tumors are discovered incidentally and many of them represent an early stage lesion. This has stimulated the development of nephron-sparing surgery and of the minimally invasive treatment options including ablative techniques, i.e., radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and cryoablation. The objective of the minimally invasive approach is to preserve the renal function and to lower the perioperative morbidity. RFA involves inducing the coagulative necrosis of tumor tissue. Being probably one of the least invasive procedures in kidney tumor management, RFA may be performed percutaneously under ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) guidance. Most of the studies show that the RFA procedure is efficient, safe and has a low complication rate. Due to the still limited data on the oncological outcome of RFA, the indication for this intervention remains limited to selected patients with small organ-confined renal tumors and contraindication to surgery or who have a solitary kidney. The aim of our study is to review the literature on RFA of kidney tumors.

  20. The economics of minimally invasive spine surgery: the value perspective. (United States)

    Allen, R Todd; Garfin, Steven R


    Review of the literature. To summarize current cost and clinical efficacy data in minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery. Cost effectiveness (CE), using cost per quality-adjusted life-years gained, has been shown for lumbar discectomy, decompressive laminectomy, and for instrumented and noninstrumented lumbar fusions in several high-quality studies using conventional, open surgical procedures. Currently, comparisons of costs and clinical outcomes of MIS surgery to open (or nonoperative) approaches are rare and of lesser quality, but suggest that a potential for cost benefits exist using less-invasive surgical approaches. A literature review was performed using the database of the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), PUBMED/Medline. Reports of clinical results of MIS approaches are far more common than economic evaluations. MIS techniques can be classified as endoscopic or nonendoscopic. Although endoscopic approaches decrease some approach morbidities, the high cost of instrumentation, steep learning curves, and new complication profiles introduced have prevented widespread adoption. Additionally, the high costs have not been shown to be justified by superior clinical benefits. Nonendoscopic MIS approaches, such as percutaneous posterior or lateral, and mini-open lateral and anterior approaches, use direct visualization, standard operative techniques, and report lower complication rates, reduced length of stay, and faster recovery time. For newer MIS and mini-open techniques, significantly lower acute and subacute costs were observed compared with open techniques, mainly due to lower rates of complications, shorter length of stay, and less blood loss, as well as fewer discharges to rehab. Although this suggests that certain MIS procedures produce early cost benefits, the quality of the existing data are low. Although the CE of MIS surgery is yet to be carefully studied, the few economic studies that do exist suggest that MIS has the potential to be

  1. Primary closure of inadvertent durotomies utilizing the U-Clip in minimally invasive spinal surgery. (United States)

    Song, Debbie; Park, Paul


    Retrospective clinical cohort study. To examine performance of the U-Clip for the closure of inadvertent durotomy occurring during minimally invasive spinal surgery. Primary closure of inadvertent durotomies that occur during minimally invasive spinal surgery can be technically difficult to accomplish when using standard knot-tying and suture management techniques, owing to the narrow and deep surgical corridor afforded by tubular retraction systems. The U-Clip is a novel device that can achieve tight tissue approximation without the need for knot-tying and excessive suture manipulation, making it ideally suited for use in minimally invasive spinal surgeries. We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent minimally invasive decompressive procedures complicated by durotomy and repaired using U-Clips for the period January 2008 to January 2010. A total of seven patients were identified. Four of the seven patients were male. Six patients underwent lumbar laminectomy or discectomy. One patient underwent resection of a cervical synovial cyst. In each patient, the durotomy was repaired primarily using U-Clips. All six lumbar patients were discharged home on the same day, and the remaining patient was discharged the following morning. Mean follow-up was 6.3 months. No patient experienced symptoms related to persistent cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Primary closure of an inadvertent durotomy occurring during minimally invasive spinal surgery can be effectively achieved using the self-closing U-Clip device.

  2. The production of audiovisual teaching tools in minimally invasive surgery. (United States)

    Tolerton, Sarah K; Hugh, Thomas J; Cosman, Peter H


    Audiovisual learning resources have become valuable adjuncts to formal teaching in surgical training. This report discusses the process and challenges of preparing an audiovisual teaching tool for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The relative value in surgical education and training, for both the creator and viewer are addressed. This audiovisual teaching resource was prepared as part of the Master of Surgery program at the University of Sydney, Australia. The different methods of video production used to create operative teaching tools are discussed. Collating and editing material for an audiovisual teaching resource can be a time-consuming and technically challenging process. However, quality learning resources can now be produced even with limited prior video editing experience. With minimal cost and suitable guidance to ensure clinically relevant content, most surgeons should be able to produce short, high-quality education videos of both open and minimally invasive surgery. Despite the challenges faced during production of audiovisual teaching tools, these resources are now relatively easy to produce using readily available software. These resources are particularly attractive to surgical trainees when real time operative footage is used. They serve as valuable adjuncts to formal teaching, particularly in the setting of minimally invasive surgery. Copyright © 2012 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Past, Present, and Future of Minimally Invasive Abdominal Surgery. (United States)

    Antoniou, Stavros A; Antoniou, George A; Antoniou, Athanasios I; Granderath, Frank-Alexander


    Laparoscopic surgery has generated a revolution in operative medicine during the past few decades. Although strongly criticized during its early years, minimization of surgical trauma and the benefits of minimization to the patient have been brought to our attention through the efforts and vision of a few pioneers in the recent history of medicine. The German gynecologist Kurt Semm (1927-2003) transformed the use of laparoscopy for diagnostic purposes into a modern therapeutic surgical concept, having performed the first laparoscopic appendectomy, inspiring Erich Mühe and many other surgeons around the world to perform a wide spectrum of procedures by minimally invasive means. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy soon became the gold standard, and various laparoscopic procedures are now preferred over open approaches, in the light of emerging evidence that demonstrates less operative stress, reduced pain, and shorter convalescence. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) may be considered further steps toward minimization of surgical trauma, although these methods have not yet been standardized. Laparoscopic surgery with the use of a robotic platform constitutes a promising field of investigation. New technologies are to be considered under the prism of the history of surgery; they seem to be a step toward further minimization of surgical trauma, but not definite therapeutic modalities. Patient safety and medical ethics must be the cornerstone of future investigation and implementation of new techniques.

  4. Minimally Invasive Surgery for Pectus Excavatum: Park Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyung Park


    Full Text Available Pectus excavatum (PE is the most commonly encountered chest wall deformity which comprises one out of 1,000 live births. Depression of the anterior chest wall due to posterior angulation of the sternum and costal cartilages results in compression of internal thoracic organs as well as aesthetically unpleasant appearance. Multiple surgical techniques have been developed to correct this condition. Ravitch procedure, the technique including the excision of all deformed costal cartilages, division of intercostals bundles from the sternum, and transverse sternal osteotomy, was proposed in 1949 and most widely applied until recently. The Wada technique, principally sternal turnover, has been an alternative procedure. Those invasive techniques involve tedious and bloody operations resulted in a permanent defect of costal cartilages or contracture of the chest wall. Most importantly, a large, unsightly operative scar at the anterior chest is aesthetically dissatisfying. In this study “Minimally Invasive Surgery for Pectus Excavatum: Park Technique” was explained.

  5. Comparison of the effect on bone healing process of different implants used in minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis: limited contact dynamic compression plate versus locking compression plate. (United States)

    Xue, Zichao; Xu, Haitao; Ding, Haoliang; Qin, Hui; An, Zhiquan


    Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) has been widely accepted because of its satisfactory clinical outcomes. However, the implant construct that works best for MIPO remains controversial. Different plate designs result in different influence mechanisms to blood flow. In this study, we created ulnar fractures in 42 beagle dogs and fixed the fractures using MIPO. The dogs were randomly divided into two groups and were fixed with a limited contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) or a locking compression plate (LCP). Our study showed that with MIPO, there was no significant difference between the LCP and the LC-DCP in terms of fracture fixation, bone formation, or mineralization. Combined with the previous literature, we inferred that the healing process is affected by the quality of fracture reduction more than plate selection.

  6. Rapid local anesthesia in humans using minimally invasive microneedles. (United States)

    Gupta, Jyoti; Denson, Donald D; Felner, Eric I; Prausnitz, Mark R


    This study tested the hypothesis that minimally invasive microneedles cause less pain during injection of lidocaine, but induce local anesthesia in humans with the same rapid onset and efficacy as intradermal lidocaine injection using hypodermic needles. This study was a randomized, single-blinded, within participants, controlled design. Hollow, 500-μm long microneedles were used to inject lidocaine to the forearm of 15 human participants. The associated pain was recorded using a visual analog (VAS) scale. The area and depth of numbness were determined at 0, 7.5, and 15 minutes after injection. Lidocaine was also injected to the dorsum of the hand near a vein, followed by placement of an intravenous catheter and measurement of associated pain. A 26-gauge intradermal bevel hypodermic needle similarly administered lidocaine on the opposite forearm/hand to serve as the positive control. VAS pain scores revealed that injection using microneedles was significantly less painful than hypodermic needles for both the forearm and dorsum of the hand injections. However, there was no significant difference in the area or depth of the resulting numbness between the 2 treatment methods at any time point (0, 7.5, and 15 min) indicating that microneedles had immediate onset and were as effective as hypodermic needles in inducing dermal anesthesia. Moreover, insertion of an intravenous catheter immediately after lidocaine injection on the dorsum of the hand led to comparable pain scores for the microneedle and hypodermic needle treated sites, further confirming efficacy of microneedles in inducing rapid local anesthesia. Lastly, 77% of the participants preferred microneedles and 80% indicated that they did not consider microneedles to be painful. This study demonstrates for the first time that microneedle-based lidocaine injection is as rapid and as effective as hypodermic injection in inducing local anesthesia while resulting in significantly less pain during injection.

  7. Endotracheal suctioning versus minimally invasive airway suctioning in intubated patients : a prospective randomised controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van de Leur, JP; Zwaveling, JH; Loef, BG; Van der Schans, CP

    Study objective: Endotracheal suctioning in intubated patients is routinely applied in most ICUs but may have negative side effects. We hypothesised that on-demand minimally invasive suctioning would have fewer side effects than routine deep endotracheal suctioning, and would be comparable in

  8. Design of teleoperated surgical instruments for minimally invasive surgery (United States)

    Madhani, Akhil Jiten


    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is performed today using hand held instruments passed through small incisions into the body. The internal surgical site and instruments are viewed remotely on a monitor using images obtained with an endoscopic camera. It is well recognized that the marked therapeutic benefits of MIS must be weighed against the increased technical difficulty for the surgeon and the ensuing risk of surgical errors. Here I describe the design, construction, and operation of teleoperated surgical instruments that solve several key problems in current minimally invasive surgical practice. These improvements are primarily achieved through (1) an increase in dexterity and degrees of freedom, (2) force feedback to allow surgeons to feel instrument-tissue interactions, and (3) the elimination of geometrical discrepancies between actual and observed tool motions. I present the design of two teleoperator slave manipulators for minimally invasive surgery, the seven- degree-of-freedom Silver Falcon and the eight-degree-of- freedom Black Falcon. Both systems were tested using an existing PHANToM TM haptic interface which was modified for use as a master manipulator. Position based bilateral force-reflecting teleoperation was implemented using sound cable design principles, without force sensors. Through the design of system dynamics that accommodate a macro-micro control scheme, a substantial reduction was achieved in slave endpoint inertia and friction reflected to the user. The Black Falcon was successfully used to drive surgical sutures along arbitrarily oriented paths, a task which is rarely feasible using today's instruments. This test demonstrates successful kinematic design and range of motion, although the quality of force reflection was not sufficient to be helpful when suturing soft tissue. Force reflection was found to be more useful during rigid contact tasks where force information is not already available to the operator via visual cues. (Copies

  9. Emerging techniques in the minimally invasive treatment and management of thoracic spine tumors. (United States)

    Smith, Zachary A; Yang, Isaac; Gorgulho, Alessandra; Raphael, Dan; De Salles, Antonio A F; Khoo, Larry T


    Over the past decade, the development and refinement of minimally invasive spine surgery techniques has lead to procedures with the potential to minimize iatrogenic and post-operative sequelae that may occur during the surgical treatment of various pathologies. In a similar manner, parallel advances in other current treatment technologies have led to the development of other minimally invasive treatments of spinal malignancies. These advances include percutaneous techniques for vertebral reconstruction, including vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, the development of safe and effective spinal radiosurgery, and minimal-access spinal surgical procedures that allow surgeons to safely decompress and reconstruct the anterior spinal column. The advent of these new techniques has given modern practitioners treatment options in situations where they previously were limited by the potentially significant morbidities of the available techniques. Here, the authors discuss the application of current minimally invasive technologies in the treatment of malignancies of the thoracic spine, focusing on vertebral kyphoplasty, spinal radiosurgery, and minimally invasive spinal decompression techniques. The author's describe how these emerging treatment options are significantly expanding the options open to clinicians in the treatment of thoracic spinal column malignancies. Specific illustrative case examples are provided. The development of these techniques has the potential to improve clinical outcomes, limit surgical morbidity, and also improve the safety and efficiency of treatment pathways.

  10. Minimal Invasive Repair of Pectus Excavatum and Carinatum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilegaard, Hans; Licht, Peter Bjørn


    Minimal invasive surgery has become the gold standard for surgical repair of pectus excavatum. The procedure can be performed as fast-track surgery and cosmetic results are excellent. In addition, cardiac performance improves after correction. With increased awareness on the Internet, the number...... of patients who seek help continues to rise, primarily for cosmetic reasons. Pectus carinatum is much less frequent than pectus excavatum. Over the past decade surgery has largely been replaced by compression techniques that use a brace, and cosmetic results are good. Rare combinations of pectus excavatum...

  11. Minimal Invasive Repair of Pectus Excavatum and Carinatum. (United States)

    Pilegaard, Hans; Licht, Peter Bjørn


    Minimal invasive surgery has become the gold standard for surgical repair of pectus excavatum. The procedure can be performed as fast-track surgery and cosmetic results are excellent. In addition, cardiac performance improves after correction. With increased awareness on the Internet, the number of patients who seek help continues to rise, primarily for cosmetic reasons. Pectus carinatum is much less frequent than pectus excavatum. Over the past decade surgery has largely been replaced by compression techniques that use a brace, and cosmetic results are good. Rare combinations of pectus excavatum and carinatum may be treated by newer surgical methods. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery: current status and future prospects (United States)

    Richter, Grace M; Coleman, Anne L


    Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery aims to provide a medication-sparing, conjunctival-sparing, ab interno approach to intraocular pressure reduction for patients with mild-to-moderate glaucoma that is safer than traditional incisional glaucoma surgery. The current approaches include: increasing trabecular outflow (Trabectome, iStent, Hydrus stent, gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy, excimer laser trabeculotomy); suprachoroidal shunts (Cypass micro-stent); reducing aqueous production (endocyclophotocoagulation); and subconjunctival filtration (XEN gel stent). The data on each surgical procedure for each of these approaches are reviewed in this article, patient selection pearls learned to date are discussed, and expectations for the future are examined. PMID:26869753

  13. Minimally invasive approaches for diagnosis and treatment of early-stage breast cancer. (United States)

    Vlastos, Georges; Verkooijen, Helena M


    Breast cancer management has been evolving toward minimally invasive approaches. Image-guided percutaneous biopsy techniques provide accurate histologic diagnosis without the need for surgical biopsy. Breast conservation therapy has become the treatment standard for early-stage breast cancer. Sentinel lymph node biopsy is a new procedure that can predict axillary lymph node status without the need of axillary lymph node dissection. The next challenge is to treat primary tumors without surgery. For this purpose, several new minimally invasive procedures, including radiofrequency ablation, interstitial laser ablation, focused ultrasound ablation, and cryotherapy, are currently under development and may offer effective tumor management and provide treatment options that are psychologically and cosmetically more acceptable to the patients than are traditional surgical therapies. In this review, we give an overview of minimally invasive approaches for the diagnostic and therapeutic management of early-stage breast cancer.

  14. Minimally invasive carpal tunnel decompression using the KnifeLight. (United States)

    Hwang, Peter Y K; Ho, Chi Long


    immediately after the surgery. Scar tenderness and incisional pain were mild-to-moderate in the first 2 weeks, and these symptoms disappeared completely 6 months after surgery. Significant postoperative improvements in pain relief, patient satisfaction, hand function, daily activities, and work performance as assessed with the MHQ were noted at 3 and 6 months after surgery. Furthermore, significant improvement in patients' hand grip and pinch strength were observed 6 months after surgery. From a literature review, we found that the mean operation time of KnifeLight carpal tunnel release was the shortest compared with the conventional and endoscopic carpal tunnel release techniques. The median time needed for our patients to return to work was also the shortest among the different techniques. Excellent functional outcomes and satisfaction were achieved using the KnifeLight for carpal tunnel decompression. Our minimally invasive method offers a quick, easy, and effective alternative to conventional or endoscopic carpal tunnel decompression.

  15. Minimally invasive rehabilitation of a patient with amelogenesis imperfecta. (United States)

    Büchi, Dominik; Fehmer, Vincent; Sailer, Irene; Wolleb, Karin; Jung, Ronald


    This case report describes a minimally invasive step-by-step approach to treat a patient with amelogenesis imperfecta. This is a genetic developmental disorder of the dental enamel, which clinically manifests as white and dark discolorations of the teeth. The clinical examination did not reveal the true depth of the staining. Therefore, a step-wise treatment approach was chosen. The first step consisted of a home bleaching procedure, which led to a slight improvement of the esthetic appearance, but the stains were still clearly visible. The next step was the application of a microabrasion technique. This led to further improvement, but not to a satisfactory result for this patient who had high esthetic expectations. Thus, the third step was undertaken: it was planned to restore the maxillary incisors and canines with ceramic veneers. The dental technician prepared a wax-up, which served as a basis for a clinical mock-up. After discussing the mock-up and the treatment plan with the patient, crown lengthening was performed on teeth 11 and 23 to improve the pink esthetics. Subsequently, the teeth were prepared in a minimally invasive way and a final impression was taken. Following try-in, the six veneers were inserted with resin cement.

  16. Minimally invasive technique for insertion of ventriculopleural shunt catheters. (United States)

    Richardson, Marlin Dustin; Handler, Michael H


    Cerebrospinal fluid diversion to the pleural space has employed various methods to insert the distal catheter into the pleural space. The authors report on a minimally invasive method of pleural catheter insertion that they have developed and have used safely in a small series of patients. Pleural shunt catheters were inserted using a split trochar into the pleural space (technique described in further detail in the article). All cases over the previous 10 years in which this technique was employed were reviewed from the existing electronic medical records. Patient age at insertion, sex, reason for hydrocephalus, early and late complications, valve type, and follow-up were recorded. Fourteen shunt procedures performed in 10 patients were identified. Two small pneumothoraces were detected on routine postoperative imaging and required no intervention. There were 3 late mechanical complications, including migration of a catheter out of the pleural space, catheter fracture at the insertion point, and the need for a longer catheter due to the patient's growth. The authors describe a safe, minimally invasive method for insertion of pleural shunt catheters along with a series of patients who have undergone placement of a pleural shunt catheter using this method without complication directly attributable to the use of this technique.

  17. Multiexpandable cage for minimally invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coe JD


    Full Text Available Jeffrey D Coe,1 James F Zucherman,2 Donald W Kucharzyk,3 Kornelis A Poelstra,4 Larry E Miller,5 Sandeep Kunwar,6 1Silicon Valley Spine Institute, Campbell, 2San Francisco Orthopaedic Surgeons, San Francisco, CA, 3Orthopaedic Pediatric and Spine, Crown Point, IN, 4Department of Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital on the Emerald Coast, Miramar Beach, FL, 5Miller Scientific Consulting, Inc., Asheville, NC, 6Bell Neuroscience Institute, Washington Hospital Healthcare System, Fremont, CA, USA Abstract: The increasing adoption of minimally invasive techniques for spine surgery in recent years has led to significant advancements in instrumentation for lumbar interbody fusion. Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation is now a mature technology, but the role of expandable cages is still evolving. The capability to deliver a multiexpandable interbody cage with a large footprint through a narrow surgical cannula represents a significant advancement in spinal surgery technology. The purpose of this report is to describe a multiexpandable lumbar interbody fusion cage, including implant characteristics, intended use, surgical technique, preclinical testing, and early clinical experience. Results to date suggest that the multiexpandable cage allows a less invasive approach to posterior/transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion surgery by minimizing iatrogenic risks associated with static or vertically expanding interbody prostheses while providing immediate vertebral height restoration, restoration of anatomic alignment, and excellent early-term clinical results. Keywords: degenerative disc disease, expandable, low back pain, Luna

  18. Trends in the use of minimally invasive surgery in children. (United States)

    Tovaranonte, Preechapon Pleay; Beasley, Spencer W; Maoate, Kiki; Blakelock, Russell; Skinner, Adrian


    To determine trends in the scope of use of minimally invasive surgical (MIS) techniques in children as a predictor of future operative workload and operating theatre requirements. A retrospective review was conducted of all paediatric patients less than 16 years of age who underwent minimally invasive surgical procedures at Christchurch Hospital, New Zealand between 1996 and 2007. There were 1693 children who received 1826 MIS procedures during a period in which 11,893 operative procedures were performed. MI case-weights, an indirect measure of the financial burden and technical difficulty of the procedures, represented 29% of the workload of the unit overall. There was a rapid rise of the number of MIS procedures from 1996 to 2000, but since then the scope and volume has changed little. Use of MIS in children increased rapidly until 2000 since which time it has remained relatively constant. Recent additional applications have involved a small number of rare low-volume and more complex procedures. These observations may assist in the planning of theatre allocation requirements for MIS in children.

  19. Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy: Ascending the learning curve (United States)

    Capponi, Michela Giulii; Bellotti, Carlo; Lotti, Marco; Ansaloni, Luca


    BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) is a technically demanding procedure and requires a surgical team skilled in both endocrine and endoscopic surgery. The aim of this report is to point out some aspects of the learning curve of the video-assisted thyroid surgery, through the analysis of our preliminary series of procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a period of 8 months, we selected 36 patients for minimally invasive video-assisted surgery of the thyroid. The patients were considered eligible if they presented with a nodule not exceeding 35 mm and total thyroid volume cosmetic outcomes of the series. RESULTS: We performed 36 total thyroidectomy and in one case we performed a consensual parathyroidectomy. The procedure was successfully carried out in 33 out of 36 cases (conversion rate 8.3%). The mean operating time was 109 min (range: 80-241 min) and reached a plateau after 29 MIVAT. Post-operative complications included three transient recurrent nerve palsies and two transient hypocalcemias; no definitive hypoparathyroidism was registered. The cosmetic result was considered excellent by most patients. CONCLUSIONS: Advances in skills and technology allow surgeons to easily reproduce the standard open total thyroidectomy with video-assistance. Although the learning curve represents a time-consuming step, training remains a crucial point in gaining a reasonable confidence with video-assisted surgical technique. PMID:25883451

  20. Thermotolerance of human myometrium: implications for minimally invasive uterine therapies (United States)

    Thomas, Aaron C.; Grisez, Brian T.; McMillan, Kathleen; Chill, Nicholas; Harclerode, Tyler P.; Radabaugh, Rebecca; Jones, Ryan M.; Coad, James E.


    Endometrial ablation has gained significant clinical acceptance over the last decade as a minimally invasive treatment for abnormal uterine bleeding. To improve upon current thermal injury modeling, it is important to better characterize the myometrium's thermotolerance. The extent of myometrial thermal injury was determined across a spectrum of thermal histories/doses (time-temperature combinations). Fresh extirpated human myometrium was obtained from 13 subjects who underwent a previous scheduled benign hysterectomy. Within two hours of hysterectomy, the unfixed myometrium was treated in a stabilized saline bath with temperatures ranging from 45-70 °C and time intervals from 30- 150 seconds. The time-temperature combinations were selected to simulate treatment times under 2.5 minutes. A total of six such thermal matrices, each comprised of 45 time-temperature combinations, were prepared for evaluation. The treated myometrium was cryosectioned for nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) staining to assess for thermal respiratory enzyme inactivation. Image analysis was subsequently used to quantitatively assess the stained myometrium's capacity to metabolize the tetrazolium at each time-temperature combination. This colorimetric data was then used as marker of cellular viability and determine survival parameters with implications for developing minimally invasive uterine therapies.

  1. Minimally invasive unilateral arytenoid lateralization in dogs: A cadaveric study. (United States)

    Shipov, A; Israeli, I; Weiser, M; Kelmer, E; Klainbart, S; Milgram, J


    The aim of this study was to develop a minimally invasive thyroarytenoid lateralization technique (MITAL). Eleven unilateral MITAL procedures were performed on 11 canine cadavers. Two hypodermic needles were passed through the skin into the lumen of the larynx, penetrating the thyroid and arytenoid cartilages. Suture material was passed through the needles to lateralize the arytenoid cartilage. A rigid endoscope was used to visualize needle insertion and suture material placement. A key-hole approach to the larynx was performed and the suture material was knotted on the lateral aspect of the thyroid cartilage. The change in the rima glottidis area was recorded as were the duration of the procedure and complications encountered. The landmarks for needle insertion were easily palpated, and a significant increase in the area of the rima glottidis was documented after performing unilateral MITAL. In conclusion, unilateral MITAL is a quick, minimally invasive procedure which increases the area of the rima glottidis in cadaveric dogs. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. [Advances of minimally invasive technique in colorectal cancer surgery]. (United States)

    Wang, Xishan


    Colorectal surgery is rapidly developing in the direction of minimally invasive surgery and functional surgery. New technology and ideas are constantly emerging recently. Laparoscopic colon surgery has already been recommended by NCCN guideline. However, laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery still needs to wait for survival and recurrence rates of long-term follow-up data for verification. In recent years, with the rapid progression of imaging equipment of laparoscope, the new 3D laparoscopic system will process image more quickly, and surgeons can get space depth feeling like open surgery only with a pair of glasses. The new 3D laparoscopic system has many advantages, and can also shorten the learning curve of the beginners. But it does not mean the traditional 2D laparoscopy has been out of date. It is admitted that dialectical view on the development of the technology and equipment is still required. New things also need the accumulation of time and validation, and the deficiency of imaging system remains to be improved. At present, the robotic colorectal cancer surgery is still in its infancy, and its application is relatively common in colon surgery. In respect of robotic rectal cancer surgery, it still lacks of long-term follow-up survival results for verification. To reduce physical and psychological trauma for patients is the goal of the surgeon. Surgeons are experiencing the change from minimally invasion to non-invasion. Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) arise at the historic moment. Among them, transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) incorporates the concepts of NOTES, anal minimally invasive surgery and total mesorectum excision, guaranteeing the radical cure and no scar of abdomen, but it still needs multicenter, large sample and long-term follow-up clinical data to prove its safety, efficacy and indication. Therefore, surgical procedure is transforming from conventional

  3. Superior segment facet joint violation and cortical violation after minimally invasive pedicle screw placement. (United States)

    Knox, Jeffrey B; Dai, Joseph M; Orchowski, Joseph R


    Minimally invasive approaches to the lumbar spine allow for pedicle screw placement through a muscle-splitting paraspinal approach. These techniques are highly dependent on fluoroscopy and do not allow for direct visualization of anatomic landmarks. The effect of this on the accuracy of pedicle screw placement is not well described. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate of violation of the superior segment facet joint and rates of cortical violation after minimally invasive pedicle screw placement. To evaluate the rate of cortical violation and involvement of the superior segment facet after minimally invasive pedicle screw placement. Retrospective chart review. Patients who underwent minimally invasive pedicle screw placement by a single surgeon between January 2004 and July 2009. Violation of the superior segment facet joint or cortical violation identified on computed tomography (CT). This study consisted of a consecutive series of adult patients undergoing minimally invasive pedicle screw placement by a single surgeon for degenerative lumbar spinal conditions. Routine postoperative CT was obtained and evaluated for involvement of the superior segment facet joint and for cortical violation. Sixty-one consecutive patients (282 pedicle screws) met the study criteria and were included in the study, including 42 single-level fusions and 19 two-level fusions. Seven cortical breaches were identified for a rate of 2.48%. Seven patients had involvement of the superior-level facet for an incidence of 11.48%. One patient required revision for a malpositioned pedicle screw. This study revealed a low rate of superior segment facet violation and cortical violation after minimally invasive pedicle screw placement. This rate of superior-level facet involvement is significantly lower than previously reported after open procedures. The rate of cortical violation is similar to previous reports in the literature with a low revision rate. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  4. Management of mediastinal parathyroid adenoma via minimally invasive thoracoscopic surgery: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saulat Hasnain Fatimi


    Conclusion: Symptomatic hypercalcemia and high level of PTH without local PA should alert physicians to search for ectopic locations through imaging. VATS is a safe and effective minimally invasive procedure for the resection of ectopic mediastinal PA and it should be considered as the first line approach for resection of these ectopic tumors.

  5. Quantitative analysis of technological innovation in minimally invasive surgery. (United States)

    Hughes-Hallett, A; Mayer, E K; Pratt, P J; Vale, J A; Darzi, A W


    In the past 30 years surgical practice has changed considerably owing to the advent of minimally invasive surgery (MIS). This paper investigates the changing surgical landscape chronologically and quantitatively, examining the technologies that have played, and are forecast to play, the largest part in this shift in surgical practice. Electronic patent and publication databases were searched over the interval 1980-2011 for ('minimally invasive' OR laparoscopic OR laparoscopy OR 'minimal access' OR 'key hole') AND (surgery OR surgical OR surgeon). The resulting patent codes were allocated into technology clusters. Technology clusters referred to repeatedly in the contemporary surgical literature were also included in the analysis. Growth curves of patents and publications for the resulting technology clusters were then plotted. The initial search revealed 27,920 patents and 95,420 publications meeting the search criteria. The clusters meeting the criteria for in-depth analysis were: instruments, image guidance, surgical robotics, sutures, single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) and natural-orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). Three patterns of growth were observed among these technology clusters: an S-shape (instruments and sutures), a gradual exponential rise (surgical robotics and image guidance), and a rapid contemporaneous exponential rise (NOTES and SILS). Technological innovation in MIS has been largely stagnant since its initial inception nearly 30 years ago, with few novel technologies emerging. The present study adds objective data to the previous claims that SILS, a surgical technique currently adopted by very few, represents an important part of the future of MIS. © 2015 BJS Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Minimally invasive surfactant therapy with a gastric tube is as effective as the intubation, surfactant, and extubation technique in preterm babies. (United States)

    Aguar, Marta; Cernada, María; Brugada, María; Gimeno, Ana; Gutierrez, Antonio; Vento, Máximo


    Preterm infants requiring surfactant replacement have been treated using the INSURE technique, which requires sedation and comprises tracheal intubation, surfactant instillation and extubation. However, minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) does not require sedation, minimises airway injury and avoids placing positive pressure ventilation on an immature lung. This study compared the feasibility of the two techniques and the outcomes in preterm babies with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Preterm infants with RDS prospectively received surfactant via a gastric tube placed in the trachea by direct laryngoscopy with no sedation. Technique-related complications and respiratory outcomes were analysed. We compared 44 patients who received MIST with a historic cohort of 31 patients who received INSURE. This showed no differences in the rate of intubation and mechanical ventilation in the first 72 h, or secondary respiratory outcomes and relevant morbidities, between the babies who received INSURE and those who received MIST. More babies in the MIST group (35%) needed a second dose of surfactant than the INSURE group (6.5%) (p < 0.0001). Surfactant administration using MIST, with no sedation, is feasible in preterm infants with RDS. No significant differences in secondary respiratory outcomes were found between the MIST and INSURE techniques. ©2014 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Vacuum grasping as a manipulation technique for minimally invasive surgery (United States)

    Goossens, R. H. M.; van Eijk, D. J.; de Hingh, I. H. J. T.; Jakimowicz, J. J.


    Background Laparoscopic surgery requires specially designed instruments. Bowel tissue damage is considered one of the most serious forms of lesion, specifically perforation of the bowel. Methods An experimental setting was used to manipulate healthy pig bowel tissue via two vacuum instruments. During the experiments, two simple manipulations were performed for both prototypes by two experienced surgeons. Each manipulation was repeated 20 times for each prototype at a vacuum level of 60 kPa and 20 times for each prototype at a vacuum level of 20 kPa. All the manipulations were macroscopically assessed by two experienced surgeons in terms of damage to the bowel. Results In 160 observations, 63 ecchymoses were observed. All 63 ecchymoses were classified as not relevant and negligible. No serosa or seromuscular damages and no perforations were observed. Conclusion Vacuum instruments such as the tested prototypes have the potential to be used as grasper instruments in minimally invasive surgery. PMID:20195640

  8. Interventional MRI of the breast: minimally invasive therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall-Craggs, M.A. [MR Unit, Middlesex Hospital, London (United Kingdom)


    In recent years a variety of minimally invasive therapies have been applied to the treatment of breast lesions. These therapies include thermal treatments (interstitial laser coagulation, focused ultrasound, radiofrequency and cryotherapy), percutaneous excision, and interstitial radiotherapy. Magnetic resonance has been used in these treatments to visualize lesions before, during and after therapy and to guide interventions. ''Temperature-sensitive'' sequences have shown changes with thermal ablation which broadly correlate with areas of tumour necrosis. Consequently, MR has the potential to monitor treatment at the time of therapy. To date, experience in the treatment of breast cancer has been restricted to small studies. Large controlled studies are required to validate the efficacy and safety of these therapies in malignant disease. (orig.)

  9. Surgical anatomy of the minimally invasive lateral lumbar approach. (United States)

    Bina, Robert W; Zoccali, Carmine; Skoch, Jesse; Baaj, Ali A


    The lateral lumbar interbody fusion approach (LLIF), which encompasses the extreme lateral interbody fusion or direct lateral interbody fusion techniques, has gained popularity as an alternative to traditional posterior approaches. With rapidly expanding applications, this minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approach is now utilized in basic degenerative pathologies as well as complex lumbar degenerative deformities and tumors. Given the intimate relationship of the psoas muscle, and hence the lumbar plexus, to this MIS approach, several authors have examined the surgical anatomy of this approach. Understanding this regional neural anatomy is imperative given the potential for serious injuries to both the motor and sensory nerves of the lumbar plexus. In this review, we critically and comprehensively discuss all published studies detailing the surgical anatomy of the lateral lumbar approach with respect to the MIS LLIF techniques. This is a timely review given the rapidly growing number of surgeons utilizing this technique. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Minimally invasive vertical preparation design for ceramic veneers. (United States)

    Imburgia, Mario; Canale, Angelo; Cortellini, Davide; Maneschi, Marco; Martucci, Claudio; Valenti, Marco

    The esthetic treatment of anterior teeth has always presented a challenge in clinical practice. With the improvement of dental materials, many restorative options such as composite resins, all-ceramic crowns, and ceramic veneers have become available. The current challenge in reconstructive dentistry is to obtain excellent esthetic results while preserving the biological structures involved as much as possible. Thanks to the introduction of high-strength etchable dental ceramics, clinicians and technicians have materials and procedures at their disposal that allow them to restore esthetics and function through a minimally invasive approach. New-generation all-ceramic restorations and adhesive systems allow a greater preservation of residual hard tooth structures, especially with regard to single elements. This article describes a vertical preparation technique for ceramic veneers.

  11. Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy and Noninvasive Respiratory Support. (United States)

    Kribs, Angela


    Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) caused by surfactant deficiency is major cause for neonatal mortality and short- and long-term morbidity of preterm infants. Continuous positive airway pressure and other modes of noninvasive respiratory support and intubation and positive pressure ventilation with surfactant therapy are efficient therapies for RDS. Because continuous positive airway pressure can fail in severe surfactant deficiency, and because traditional surfactant therapy requires intubation and positive pressure ventilation, this entails a risk of lung injury. Several strategies to combine noninvasive respiratory therapy with minimally invasive surfactant therapy have been described. Available data suggest that those strategies may improve outcome of premature infants with RDS. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Minimally invasive percutaneous plate fixation of distal tibia fractures.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bahari, Syah


    We report a series of 42 patients reviewed at a mean of 19.6 months after treatment of distal tibial and pilon fractures using the AO distal tibia locking plate with a minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) technique. Mean time to union was 22.4 weeks. All fractures united with acceptable alignment and angulation. Two cases of superficial infection were noted, with one case of deep infection. Mean SF36 score was 85 and mean AOFAS score was 90 at a mean of 19 months follow-up. We report satisfactory outcomes with the use of the AO distal tibia locking plate in treatment of unstable distal tibial fractures. Eighty-nine percent of the patients felt that they were back to their pre injury status and 95% back to their previous employment.


    Sun, Xin; Zeng, Rong; Li, Guangsheng; Wei, Bo; Hu, Zibing; Lin, Hao; Chen, Guanghua; Chen, Siyuan; Sun, Jiecong


    To compare the effectiveness and changes of sagittal spino-pelvic parameters between minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and conventional open posterior lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of the low-degree isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis. Between May 2012 and May 2013, 86 patients with single segmental isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis (Meyerding degree I or II) were treated by minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (minimally invasive group) in 39 cases, and by open posterior lumbar interbody fusion in 47 cases (open group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, disease duration, degree of lumbar spondylolisthesis, preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and Oswestry disability index (ODI) between 2 groups (P>0.05). The following sagittal spino-pelvic parameters were compared between 2 groups before and after operation: the percentage of slipping (PS), intervertebral height, angle of slip (AS), thoracolumbar junction (TLJ), thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), spino-sacral angle (SSA), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), and pelvic incidence (PI). Pearson correlation analysis of the changes between pre- and post-operation was done. Primary healing of incision was obtained in all patients of 2 groups. The postoperative hospital stay of minimally invasive group [(5.1 ± 1.6) days] was significantly shorter than that of open group [(7.2 ± 2.1) days] (t = 2.593, P = 0.017). The patients were followed up 11-20 months (mean, 15 months). The reduction rate was 68.53% ± 20.52% in minimally invasive group, and was 64.21% ± 30.21% in open group, showing no significant difference (t = 0.725, P = 0.093). The back and leg pain VAS scores, and ODI at 3 months after operation were significantly reduced when compared with preoperative ones (P 0.05). The postoperative other sagittal spino-pelvic parameters were significantly improved (P 0.05), but there was no significant

  14. To ventilate or not after minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery : The role of epidural anesthesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, AJ; Mariani, MA; van der Maaten, JMAA; Loef, BG; Lip, H

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of immediate postoperative extubation and postoperative ventilation after minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) surgery and to assess the role of epidural anesthesia. Design: Randomized prospective study. Setting: University hospital, single

  15. The evolution of minimally invasive valve surgery--2 year experience. (United States)

    Mohr, F W; Onnasch, J F; Falk, V; Walther, T; Diegeler, A; Krakor, R; Schneider, F; Autschbach, R


    The aim of the study was to evaluate the evolution of Port-Access minimally invasive mitral valve surgery to a robot assisted video assisted solo surgery approach. One hundred and twenty-nine patients with non-ischemic mitral valve disease underwent 3D-video assisted mitral valve surgery via a 4 cm right lateral minithoracotomy using femoro-femoral bypass and endoaortic clamping. Transcranial Doppler and continuous transesophageal echocardiography were used to monitor placement and positional stability of the endoclamp. After the initial series (group I, n = 62), a simplified solo surgical technique using voice controlled robotic assistance for videoscope guidance was used in the last 67 patients (group II). After an initial learning curve and modifications of catheter design, the procedure could be steadily redefined and simplified. In the last 67 patients, the procedure was completed without the need for an additional assistant as 'solo surgery'. The mitral valve was repaired in 72 and replaced in all other patients. Duration of bypass and clamp time steadily improved during our study and in the most recent 67 patients average 107 +/- 34 and 48 +/- 16 min, respectively. The voice controlled robotic arm (AESOP 3000, Automated Endoscope System for Optimal Positioning) provided a stable and precise video image with excellent exposure of all valvular and subvalvular structures. Hospital mortality was high in the early series (mean survival 88.7% at 804 +/- 35 days; 95% CI: 735-873) and partially procedure related (aortic dissection in two patients). In group II, hospital mortality has declined to 3.0% (mean survival 97.0% at 568 +/- 12 days; 95% CI: 553-600). Port-Access minimally invasive mitral valve surgery has evolved to be a reliable video assisted technique with reproducible results. Surgery can now be performed almost in the same time as with conventional techniques. Robotic assistance has enabled a solo surgery approach.

  16. The Top 50 Articles on Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. (United States)

    Virk, Sohrab S; Yu, Elizabeth


    Bibliometric study of current literature. To catalog the most important minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery articles using the amount of citations as a marker of relevance. MIS surgery is a relatively new tool used by spinal surgeons. There is a dynamic and evolving field of research related to MIS techniques, clinical outcomes, and basic science research. To date, there is no comprehensive review of the most cited articles related to MIS surgery. A systematic search was performed over three widely used literature databases: Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar. There were four searches performed using the terms "minimally invasive spine surgery," "endoscopic spine surgery," "percutaneous spinal surgery," and "lateral interbody surgery." The amount of citations included was averaged amongst the three databases to rank each article. The query of the three databases was performed in November 2015. Fifty articles were selected based upon the amount of citations each averaged amongst the three databases. The most cited article was titled "Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF): a novel surgical technique for anterior lumbar interbody fusion" by Ozgur et al and was credited with 447, 239, and 279 citations in Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus, respectively. Citations ranged from 27 to 239 for Web of Science, 60 to 279 for Scopus, and 104 to 462 for Google Scholar. There was a large variety of articles written spanning over 14 different topics with the majority dealing with clinical outcomes related to MIS surgery. The majority of the most cited articles were level III and level IV studies. This is likely due to the relatively recent nature of technological advances in the field. Furthermore level I and level II studies are required in MIS surgery in the years ahead. 5.

  17. Minimally invasive treatment of hepatic adenoma in special cases

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    Nasser, Felipe; Affonso, Breno Boueri; Galastri, Francisco Leonardo [Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Odisio, Bruno Calazans [MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston (United States); Garcia, Rodrigo Gobbo [Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP (Brazil)


    Hepatocellular adenoma is a rare benign tumor that was increasingly diagnosed in the 1980s and 1990s. This increase has been attributed to the widespread use of oral hormonal contraceptives and the broader availability and advances of radiological tests. We report two cases of patients with large hepatic adenomas who were subjected to minimally invasive treatment using arterial embolization. One case underwent elective embolization due to the presence of multiple adenomas and recent bleeding in one of the nodules. The second case was a victim of blunt abdominal trauma with rupture of a hepatic adenoma and clinical signs of hemodynamic shock secondary to intra-abdominal hemorrhage, which required urgent treatment. The development of minimally invasive locoregional treatments, such as arterial embolization, introduced novel approaches for the treatment of individuals with hepatic adenoma. The mortality rate of emergency resection of ruptured hepatic adenomas varies from 5 to 10%, but this rate decreases to 1% when resection is elective. Arterial embolization of hepatic adenomas in the presence of bleeding is a subject of debate. This observation suggests a role for transarterial embolization in the treatment of ruptured and non-ruptured adenomas, which might reduce the indication for surgery in selected cases and decrease morbidity and mortality. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a reduction of the embolized lesions and significant avascular component 30 days after treatment in the two cases in this report. No novel lesions were observed, and a reduction in the embolized lesions was demonstrated upon radiological assessment at a 12-month follow-up examination.

  18. Minimally invasive surgical techniques for stress incontinence surgery. (United States)

    Morley, Roland; Nethercliffe, Janine


    Minimally invasive techniques for surgical correction of stress incontinence date back to the late 1950s. Since that time there have been many developments to attempt to emulate the good results achieved by open surgery with less surgical morbidity. Needle suspensions have attempted to reposition the bladder neck in the same way as a colposuspension. However, although numerous variations have been described, they do not have the long-term outcomes of colposuspension. These variations, their complications and long-term outcome are discussed. Sling surgery, especially the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), has probably had the largest impact on incontinence surgery in recent years, offering a procedure with low morbidity and, thus far in the medium term, outcomes comparable with those of more invasive procedures. This has led the TVT procedure to become the most common procedure performed worldwide for stress incontinence. With the benefit of lessons learnt from the use of synthetic material in the genitourinary tract, some worries remain with regard to the long-term complications of TVT. Other non-synthetic material should not be forgotten, and the advantages and disadvantages of various sling materials are compared. Injectables have an established place in the treatment of sphincter deficiency, though long-term results are poor compared to those of other procedures. Various materials used and the technique for their injection are discussed.

  19. A comparative analysis of minimally invasive and open spine surgery patient education resources. (United States)

    Agarwal, Nitin; Feghhi, Daniel P; Gupta, Raghav; Hansberry, David R; Quinn, John C; Heary, Robert F; Goldstein, Ira M


    The Internet has become a widespread source for disseminating health information to large numbers of people. Such is the case for spine surgery as well. Given the complexity of spinal surgeries, an important point to consider is whether these resources are easily read and understood by most Americans. The average national reading grade level has been estimated to be at about the 7th grade. In the present study the authors strove to assess the readability of open spine surgery resources and minimally invasive spine surgery resources to offer suggestions to help improve the readability of patient resources. Online patient education resources were downloaded in 2013 from 50 resources representing either traditional open back surgery or minimally invasive spine surgery. Each resource was assessed using 10 scales from Readability Studio Professional Edition version 2012.1. Patient education resources representing traditional open back surgery or minimally invasive spine surgery were all found to be written at a level well above the recommended 6th grade level. In general, minimally invasive spine surgery materials were written at a higher grade level. The readability of patient education resources from spine surgery websites exceeds the average reading ability of an American adult. Revisions may be warranted to increase quality and patient comprehension of these resources to effectively reach a greater patient population.

  20. Minimally Invasive Distal Metatarsal Osteotomy for Mild-to-Moderate Hallux Valgus Deformity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chuan Lin


    Full Text Available Minimally invasive surgery has recently been introduced for foot and ankle surgery, and hallux valgus surgery is no exception. The purpose of our study was to analyze the early results and to present our experience of minimally invasive distal metatarsal osteotomy in correcting mild-to-moderate hallux valgus deformities. Between September 2005 and December 2006, 31 consecutive patients (47 feet with mild-to-moderate hallux valgus deformities underwent minimally invasive distal metatarsal osteotomies. The clinical and radiographic outcomes were assessed. The satisfaction rate was 90.32%. The mean total American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society halluxmetatarsophalangeal-interphalangeal scale was 92.7 points. Complications included two (4.26% episodes of stiffness, six (12.77% episodes of pin tract infection, and one (2.13% deep infection. There were no cases with nonunion, malunion, overcorrection, transfer metatarsalgia or osteonecrosis. On weight-bearing anteroposterior foot radiographs, the mean hallux valgus angle and first intermetatarsal angle corrections were 11.8° and 6.3°, respectively, which is a statistically significant difference (p < 0.001 between the preoperative and postoperative status. Here, minimally invasive distal metatarsal osteotomy was associated with good satisfaction, functional improvement and low complication rates. This technique offers an effective, safe and simple way to treat hallux valgus with a first intermetatarsal angle less than 15°.

  1. Craniocervical junction diseases treatment with a minimally invasive approach

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    Roberto Carlos Díaz


    Full Text Available Objective: To introduce a new minimally invasive surgical approach to anterior and lateral craniocervical junction diseases, preserving the midline posterior cervical spine stabilizing elements and reducing the inherent morbidity risk associated with traditional approaches. Methods: We describe a novel surgical technique in four cases of extra-medullary anterolateral compressive lesions located in the occipito-cervical junction, including infections and intra- and/or extradural tumor lesions. We used a paramedian trasmuscular approach through an anatomical muscle corridor using a micro MaXcess(r surgical expandable retractor, with the purpose of reducing morbidity and preserving the posterior muscle and ligamentous tension band. Results: This type of surgical approach provides adequate visualization and microsurgical resection of lesions and reduces muscle manipulation and devascularisation, preserving the tension of the ligament complex. There was minimal blood loss and a decrease in postoperative pain, with rapid start of rehabilitation and shorter hospitalization times. There were no intraoperative complications, and all patients recovered from their pre-operative symptoms. Conclusions: This novel surgical technique is feasible and adequate for the occipito-atlanto-axial complex, with better results than traditional procedures.

  2. In vivo comparison of hip mechanics for minimally invasive versus traditional total hip arthroplasty. (United States)

    Glaser, Diana; Dennis, Douglas A; Komistek, Richard D; Miner, Todd M


    Minimally invasive surgery has been developed to reduce incision length, muscle damage, and rehabilitation time. However, reduced exposure of anatomical landmarks may result in technical errors and inferior implant survivorship. The objective of this study was to compare in vivo motions and hip joint contact forces during gait in total hip arthroplasty subjects, performed with either minimally invasive surgery or standard surgical approaches. Fifteen subjects implanted using either minimally invasive surgery anterolateral, minimally invasive surgery posterolateral, or traditional posterolateral total hip arthroplasty were evaluated using fluoroscopy while performing gait on a treadmill. Kinematics, obtained using 3D-to-2D image registration technique, were input as temporal functions in a 3D inverse dynamic mathematical model that determines in vivo soft tissue and hip contact forces. The subjects implanted with posterolateral and anterolateral minimally invasive surgery demonstrated significantly less separation than those implanted with the traditional approach (P<0.01). The minimally invasive surgery subjects also experienced lower average maximum peak forces, with 3.2 body weight for the anterolateral minimally invasive surgery and 2.9 body weight for the posterolateral minimally invasive surgery subjects, compared to 3.5 body weight for the traditional subjects (P=0.02 and P=0.03, respectively). This is the first study to compare in vivo weight-bearing kinematics, separation and kinetics for traditional, anterolateral minimally invasive surgery and posterolateral minimally invasive surgery total hip arthroplasty subject groups. Our data indicated in all analyzed parameters differences between the minimally invasive surgery and the traditional groups, with favorable results for the minimally invasive surgery subjects. This may be related, to a reduction in stabilizing soft tissues after a minimally invasive surgery procedure, leading to lower bearing surface

  3. Traditional invasive vs. minimally invasive esophagectomy: a multi-center, randomized trial (TIME-trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Lange Elly SM


    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is a rise in incidence of esophageal carcinoma due to increasing incidence of adenocarcinoma. Probably the only curative option to date is the use of neoadjuvant therapy followed by surgical resection. Traditional open esophageal resection is associated with a high morbidity and mortality rate. Furthermore, this approach involves long intensive care unit stay, in-hospital stay and long recovery period. Minimally invasive esophagectomy could reduce the morbidity and accelerate the post-operative recovery. Methods/Design Comparison between traditional open and minimally invasive esophagectomy in a multi-center, randomized trial. Patients with a resectable intrathoracic esophageal carcinoma, including the gastro-esophageal junction tumors (Siewert I are eligible for inclusion. Prior thoracic surgery and cervical esophageal carcinoma are indications for exclusion. The surgical technique involves a right thoracotomy with lung blockade and laparotomy either with a cervical or thoracic anastomosis for the traditional group. The minimally invasive procedure involves a right thoracoscopy in prone position with a single lumen tube and laparoscopy either with a cervical or thoracic anastomosis. All patients in both groups will undergo identical pre-operative and post-operative protocol. Primary endpoint of this study are post-operative respiratory complications within the first two post-operative weeks confirmed by clinical, radiological and sputum culture data. Secondary endpoints are the operative data, the post-operative data and oncological data such as quality of the specimen and survival. Operative data include duration of the operation, blood loss and conversion to open procedure. Post-operative data include morbidity (major and minor, quality of life tests and hospital stay. Based on current literature and the experience of all participating centers, an incidence of pulmonary complications for 57% in the traditional arm

  4. Effect of nanostructured thin film on minimally invasive surgery devices applications: characterization, cell cytotoxicity evaluation and an animal study in rat. (United States)

    Ou, Keng-Liang; Weng, Chao-Chia; Sugiatno, Erwan; Ruslin, Muhammad; Lin, Yun-Ho; Cheng, Han-Yi


    Minimally invasive surgery is performed using an endoscope and other instruments including the electrosurgical units. However, concerns including surgical smoke, tissue sticking and thermal injury are remaining in electrosurgery. Accordingly, a newly developed electrosurgical electrode coating with hydrogenated Cu-incorporated diamond-like carbon (DLC-Cu) film is purposed to improve the instrument performance. The morphologies of DLC-Cu surfaces were characterized using transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. In this study, lesions were made on the liver lobes of adult rats, using a monopolar electrosurgical unit equipped with untreated stainless steel electrodes or treated-electrodes. Animals were killed for evaluations at 0, 3, 7 and 28 days postoperatively. Treated-electrodes generate less sticking tissues and adhesive blood cells. Thermography revealed that the surgical temperature in liver tissue from the treated-electrode was significantly lower than the untreated-electrode. Total injury area of livers treated with treated-electrodes was significantly smaller than the untreated-electrodes treatment. Moreover, treated-electrodes caused a relatively smaller area of lateral thermal injury, a smaller area of fibrotic tissue and a faster process of remodeling than the untreated-electrodes. Western blot analysis showed that rats treated with treated-electrode expressed lower levels of NF-κB, caspase-3 and MMP-9 than untreated-electrode. Immunofluorescence staining for caspase-3 revealed that the untreated-electrode caused more serious injury. This study reveals that the plating of electrodes with hydrogenated Cu-incorporated diamond-like carbon film is an efficient method for improving the performance of electrosurgical units, and should benefit wound remodeling. However, more tests must be carried out to confirm these promising findings in human patients.

  5. Effectiveness of same day percutaneous coronary intervention followed by minimally invasive aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis and moderate coronary disease ("hybrid approach"). (United States)

    Brinster, Derek R; Byrne, Margaretta; Rogers, Campbell D; Baim, Donald S; Simon, Daniel I; Couper, Gregory S; Cohn, Lawrence H


    In 2005, the investigators described a "hybrid" cardiovascular interventional strategy combining percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary artery disease (CAD) followed by valve surgery for patients with urgent complex CAD and valve disease to reduce morbidity and mortality. This hybrid approach has been extended prospectively in elderly, high-risk patients with aortic stenosis scheduled for elective minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MI-AVR) who, on preoperative coronary angiography, were found to have moderate CAD amenable to PCI. In this prospective, observational series, 18 patients (mean age 76 years) underwent elective hybrid MI-AVR with PCI from May 2003 to February 2006. Five patients had undergone previous coronary artery bypass grafting. Patients underwent coronary angiography the day of (n = 12) or evening before (n = 6) MI-AVR, and after identifying moderately severe CAD, all 18 underwent the implantation of drug-eluting stents to the affected coronary arteries, followed by MI-AVR. Although all patients received standard doses of antiplatelet medications, including acetylsalicylic acid (325 mg before PCI and 325 mg/day thereafter) and clopidogrel (300 mg after PCI, 75 mg/day thereafter for 90 days for the Cypher stent), there were no reoperations for bleeding; only 8 of 18 patients required postoperative blood transfusions. One patient died postoperatively from a colonic perforation, and there were no late mortalities after a mean follow-up of 19 months. In conclusion, this hybrid strategy has low morbidity and mortality and may be a new therapeutic option for older, high-risk patients with combined CAD and aortic valve disease.

  6. Myocardial Protection and Financial Considerations of Custodiol Cardioplegia in Minimally Invasive and Open Valve Surgery. (United States)

    Hummel, Brian W; Buss, Randall W; DiGiorgi, Paul L; Laviano, Brittany N; Yaeger, Nalani A; Lucas, M Lee; Comas, George M

    Single-dose antegrade crystalloid cardioplegia with Custodiol-HTK (histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate) has been used for many years. Its safety and efficacy were established in experimental and clinical studies. It is beneficial in complex valve surgery because it provides a long period of myocardial protection with a single dose. Thus, valve procedures (minimally invasive or open) can be performed with limited interruption. The aim of this study is to compare the use of Custodiol-HTK cardioplegia with traditional blood cardioplegia in patients undergoing minimally invasive and open valve surgery. A single-institution, retrospective case-control review was performed on patients who underwent valve surgery in Lee Memorial Health System at either HealthPark Medical Center or Gulf Coast Medical Center from July 1, 2011, through March 7, 2015. A total of 181 valve cases (aortic or mitral) performed using Custodiol-HTK cardioplegia were compared with 181 cases performed with traditional blood cardioplegia. Each group had an equal distribution of minimally invasive and open valve cases. Right chest thoracotomy or partial sternotomy was performed on minimally invasive valve cases. Demographics, perioperative data, clinical outcomes, and financial data were collected and analyzed. Patient outcomes were superior in the Custodiol-HTK cardioplegia group for blood transfusion, stroke, and hospital readmission within 30 days (P < 0.05). No statistical differences were observed in the other outcomes categories. Hospital charges were reduced on average by $3013 per patient when using Custodiol-HTK cardioplegia. Use of Custodiol-HTK cardioplegia is safe and cost-effective when compared with traditional repetitive blood cardioplegia in patients undergoing minimally invasive and open valve surgery.

  7. Minimally invasive esophagectomy for cancer: Single center experience after 44 consecutive cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjelović Miloš


    Full Text Available Introduction. At the Department of Minimally Invasive Upper Digestive Surgery of the Hospital for Digestive Surgery in Belgrade, hybrid minimally invasive esophagectomy (hMIE has been a standard of care for patients with resectable esophageal cancer since 2009. As a next and final step in the change management, from January 2015 we utilized total minimally invasive esophagectomy (tMIE as a standard of care. Objective. The aim of the study was to report initial experiences in hMIE (laparoscopic approach for cancer and analyze surgical technique, major morbidity and 30-day mortality. Methods. A retrospective cohort study included 44 patients who underwent elective hMIE for esophageal cancer at the Department for Minimally Invasive Upper Digestive Surgery, Hospital for Digestive Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia in Belgrade from April 2009 to December 2014. Results. There were 16 (36% middle thoracic esophagus tumors and 28 (64% tumors of distal thoracic esophagus. Mean duration of the operation was 319 minutes (approximately five hours and 20 minutes. The average blood loss was 173.6 ml. A total of 12 (27% of patients had postoperative complications and mean intensive care unit stay was 2.8 days. Mean hospital stay after surgery was 16 days. The average number of harvested lymph nodes during surgery was 31.9. The overall 30-day mortality rate within 30 days after surgery was 2%. Conclusion. As long as MIE is an oncological equivalent to open esophagectomy (OE, better relation between cost savings and potentially increased effectiveness will make MIE the preferred approach in high-volume esophageal centers that are experienced in minimally invasive procedures.

  8. Intraprostatic ozone therapy: A minimally invasive approach in benign prostatic hyperplasia


    Shabbir Hussain; Sharma, Deepti B.; Solanki, Fanindra S.; Ajay Pathak; Dhananjay Sharma


    Introduction: Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) remains the golden standard therapy since decades. There are various minimally invasive therapies (MITs) for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Still, there is a need for therapy with lesser side effects and better outcome. We had studied the effect of intraprostatic ozone injection (IPOI) as an MIT for patients with BPH who have failed trial without catheter (TWOC). Materials and Methods: Thirty elderly patients wi...

  9. Intraprostatic ozone therapy: A minimally invasive approach in benign prostatic hyperplasia


    Hussain, Shabbir; Sharma, Deepti B.; Solanki, Fanindra S.; Pathak, Ajay; Sharma, Dhananjay


    Introduction: Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) remains the golden standard therapy since decades. There are various minimally invasive therapies (MITs) for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Still, there is a need for therapy with lesser side effects and better outcome. We had studied the effect of intraprostatic ozone injection (IPOI) as an MIT for patients with BPH who have failed trial without catheter (TWOC). Materials and Methods: Thirty elderly patients with ...

  10. Minimally invasive strabismus surgery versus paralimbal approach: A randomized, parallel design study is minimally invasive strabismus surgery worth the effort?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richa Sharma


    Full Text Available Introduction : Minimal access surgery is common in all fields of medicine. We compared a new minimally invasive strabismus surgery (MISS approach with a standard paralimbal strabismus surgery (SPSS approach in terms of post-operative course. Materials and Methods: This parallel design study was done on 28 eyes of 14 patients, in which one eye was randomized to MISS and the other to SPSS. MISS was performed by giving two conjunctival incisions parallel to the horizontal rectus muscles; performing recession or resection below the conjunctival strip so obtained. We compared post-operative redness, congestion, chemosis, foreign body sensation (FBS, and drop intolerance (DI on a graded scale of 0 to 3 on post-operative day 1, at 2-3 weeks, and 6 weeks. In addition, all scores were added to obtain a total inflammatory score (TIS. Statistical Analysis: Inflammatory scores were analyzed using Wilcoxon′s signed rank test. Results: On the first post-operative day, only FBS (P = 0.01 and TIS (P = 0.04 showed significant difference favoring MISS. At 2-3 weeks, redness (P = 0.04, congestion (P = 0.04, FBS (P = 0.02, and TIS (P = 0.04 were significantly less in MISS eye. At 6 weeks, only redness (P = 0.04 and TIS (P = 0.05 were significantly less. Conclusion: MISS is more comfortable in the immediate post-operative period and provides better cosmesis in the intermediate period.

  11. Minimal Invasive Surgical Treatment of Fragility Fractures of the Pelvis. (United States)

    Rommens, Pol Maria; Wagner, Daniel; Hofmann, Alex


    The incidence of fragility fractures of the pelvis is increasing quickly. The characteristics of these fractures are different from pelvic ring disruptions in adults. Fragility fractures of the pelvis are the consequence of a low-energy trauma which occurs in a patient with an important decrease of bone mineral density. Due to a consistent pattern of alteration of bone mass distribution in the sacrum, other fracture morphologies occur than in younger adults. The leading symptom is immobilizing pain in the lower back, in the buttocks, in the inguinal region and/or at the pubic symphysis. Conventional radiographs and CT will show the presence and localization of the fractures in the anterior and posterior pelvic ring. A new, comprehensive classification system distinguishes four categories of instability. This first criterion is most important, because it also gives hints for the preferred type of treatment. The second criterion, leading to the subtypes in the four categories, is the localization of the instability in the posterior pelvic ring. This criterion points the way towards the type of the surgical procedure to be used. When a surgical treatment is chosen, the procedure should be as minimal invasive as possible. Different techniques for percutaneous or less invasive fixation of the posterior pelvic ring have been developed. Their advantages and limitations are presented: sacroplasty, iliosacral screw osteosynthesis, cement augmentation, transiliac internal fixation, trans-sacral osteosynthesis, lumbopelvic fixation. Fractures of the anterior pelvic ring also need special attention. Retrograde transpubic screw fixation is recommended for pubic rami fractures. Fractures of the pubic body and instabilities of the pubic symphysis need bridging plate osteosynthesis. We do not recommend anterior pelvic external fixation in elderly because of the risk of pin track infection and pin loosening. Celsius.

  12. Use of synthetic material in sling surgery: a minimally invasive approach. (United States)

    Norris, J P; Breslin, D S; Staskin, D R


    Traditionally, autologous material has been favored over synthetic material in the construction of pubovaginal slings for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). This preference arose largely because of concern about an increased incidence of infection or sling erosion when synthetic materials are used. However, when care is taken to minimize the amount of synthetic material, reduce total operative time, and limit exposure of the material to the operative field, female SUI can be treated effectively with synthetic material with an acceptably low complication rate. Furthermore, utilization of slings constructed with artificial graft material can be minimally invasive, cost effective, and well tolerated.

  13. Minimally invasive approaches in pancreatic pseudocyst: a Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohollah Y


    Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: According to importance of post operative period, admission duration, post operative pain, and acceptable rate of complications, minimally invasive approaches with endoscope in pancreatic pseudocyst management becomes more popular, but the best choice of procedure and patient selection is currently not completely established. During past decade endoscopic procedures are become first choice in most authors' therapeutic plans, however, open surgery remains gold standard in pancreatic pseudocyst treatment."n"nMethods: we present here a patient with pancreatic pseudocyst unresponsive to conservative management that is intervened endoscopically before 6th week, and review current literatures to depict a schema to management navigation."n"nResults: A 16 year old male patient presented with two episodes of acute pancreatitis with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Hyperamilasemia, pancreatic ascites and a pseudocyst were found in our preliminary investigation. Despite optimal conservative management, including NPO (nil per os and total parentral nutrition, after four weeks, clinical and para-clinical findings deteriorated. Therefore, ERCP and trans-papillary cannulation with placement of 7Fr stent was

  14. Minimally invasive tethered cord release in children: A technical note

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    S. Kağan Başarslan


    Full Text Available Tethered cord release is commonly performed in pediatric neurosurgery. Nowadays, minimally invasive procedures are created growing interest due to its highly tolerable nature for surgery. It has been main purpose a minimal damaging on access route and maximum protection of normal structures in surgery. We present a surgical treatment of tethered cord syndrome, by which is provided the cord releasing unlike the many methods being applied with tissue removal. The main advantage of performing this surgery through 2 cm hole is to avoid removing ligamentum flavum and bony structure like lamina in addition to reduce the length of the incision and the related scar tissue. J Clin Exp Invest 2014; 5 (1: 115-117 Technical note: the patient was taken on the operating table in the sitting-prone position, and L5-S1 distance was determined by fluoroscopy. The skin and subcutaneous tissues was passed via a 2 cm vertical incision settled in 0.5 cm laterally from midline. L5-S1 distance and its covering ligamentum flavum are displayed by the guidance of L5 lamina. Williams’s retractor was placed in the distance after fetching microscope. The foregoing procedures are the same with microdiscectomic surgery. By a vertical incision made on the flavum, its both layer was lifted up and hanged with simple suture on the back tissue for a comfortable exposure of the Dura. Thecal sac was opened by 0.5 cm long vertical incision on the Dura after obtaining secure CSF drainage with the help of yellow-tipped syringe needle. With finding by a nerve hook, the phylum was burned and released securely. Then the Dura was sutured primarily for the closure by means of microsurgery instruments, and flavum was laid on it again.

  15. Rapidly dissolving polymeric microneedles for minimally invasive intraocular drug delivery. (United States)

    Thakur, Raghu Raj Singh; Tekko, Ismaiel A; Al-Shammari, Farhan; Ali, Ahlam A; McCarthy, Helen; Donnelly, Ryan F


    In this study, dissolving microneedles (MNs) were used to enhance ocular drug delivery of macromolecules. MNs were fabricated using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) polymer of various molecular weights (MWs) containing three model molecules of increasing MW, namely fluorescein sodium and fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextrans (with MW of 70 k and 150 k Da). Arrays (3 × 3) of PVP MNs with conical shape measuring about 800 μm in height with a 300 μm base diameter, containing the model drugs, were fabricated and characterized for their fracture forces, insertion forces (in the sclera and cornea), depth of penetration (using OCT and confocal imaging), dissolution time and in vitro permeation. The average drug content of the MNs (only in MN shafts) ranged from 0.96 to 9.91 μg, and the average moisture content was below 11 %. High MW PVP produced MNs that can withstand higher forces with minimal reduction in needle height. PVP MNs showed rapid dissolution that ranged from 10 to 180 s, which was dependent upon PVP's MW. In vitro studies showed significant enhancement of macromolecule permeation when MNs were used, across both the corneal and scleral tissues, in comparison to topically applied aqueous solutions. Confocal images showed that the macromolecules formed depots within the tissues, which led to sustained permeation. However, use of MNs did not significantly benefit the permeation of small molecules; nevertheless, MN application has the potential for drug retention within the selected ocular tissues unlike topical application for small molecules. The material used in the fabrication of the MNs was found to be biocompatible with retinal cells (i.e. ARPE-19). Overall, this study reported the design and fabrication of minimally invasive rapidly dissolving polymeric MN arrays which were able to deliver high MW molecules to the eye via the intrastromal or intrascleral route. Thus, dissolving MNs have potential applications in enhancing ocular delivery of both small

  16. Minimally invasive posterior cervical foraminotomy for treatment of radiculopathy : An effective, time-tested, and cost-efficient motion-preservation technique. (United States)

    Papavero, L; Kothe, R


    To relieve foraminal root impingement due to lateral soft disc fragments, bony spurs, or other rarer causes. Soft disc fragment whose bulk is >2/3 lateral to the lateral border of the thecal sac. Intraforaminal dorsal bony narrowing of the root canal. Intraforaminal synovial cyst, extra/intradural tumor. Paramedian and median soft/hard disc protrusions. Kyphosis of the index level. Patient prone in reverse Trendelenburg position with the head fixed in a Mayfield clamp. Cervical spine horizontal and approximately 10 cm above the heart. Microscope from skin to skin. Skin incision: 25 mm, about 10 mm off the midline. Microsurgical blunt splitting of the muscle layers along the fiber direction. An expandable tubular retractor or a miniaturized speculum counter retractor, table anchored, is centered on the target lamino-facet junction as confirmed by fluoroscopy. Drilling of the keyhole. The axilla of the root is exposed while preserving most of the facet complex. Epidural exploration until an extruded or subligamentous disc fragment(s) is removed. If needed, removal of the dorsal bone overlying the root exiting in the foramen. The adequacy of decompression is assessed by palpating the root along its course with a small nerve hook. Closure by layers. No drain. Same day mobilization. No external brace. Minimally invasive posterior cervical foraminotomy (MI-PCF) was used to treat 103 patients for unilateral cervical radiculopathy. Mean follow-up was 32 months. Despite 1 cerebrospinal fluid leak, 1 wound hematoma, and 1 radiculitis during the early postoperative period, no patients required revision surgery. Visual analog scale (VAS) scores for neck/shoulder and arm improved significantly in the early postoperative period (3 months) and were maintained with time (p < 0.001). Neck Disability Index (NDI) improved significantly postoperatively but worsened slightly during follow-up (p < 0.001). Anterior decompression and fusion (ACDF) was required at the

  17. Treatment of infertile and subfertile men with varicocelle by minimally invasive surgery

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jovanovic, P


    Contemporary highlights in varicocelle treatment. To achieve 'minimal invasiveness' of treatment and to estimate number of pregnancies in female partners, especially a time period needed for conception...

  18. Evaluation of robotic minimally invasive surgical skills using motion studies. (United States)

    Jun, Seung-Kook; Sathia Narayanan, Madusudanan; Singhal, Pankaj; Garimella, Sudha; Krovi, Venkat


    Robotic Minimally Invasive Surgery, and the engendered computer-integration, offers unique opportunities for quantitative computer-based surgical-performance evaluation. In this work, we examine extension of traditional manipulative skill assessment, having deep roots in performance evaluation in manufacturing industries, for applicability to robotic surgical skill evaluation. This method relies on: defining task-level segmentation of modular sub-tasks/micro-motions called 'Therbligs' that can be combined to perform a given task; and analyzing intra- and inter-user performance variance by studying surgeons' performance over each 'Therbligs'. Any of the performance metrics of macro-motions-from motion-economy, tool motion measurements to handed-symmetry-can now be extended over the micro-motion temporal segments. Evaluation studies were based on video recordings of surgical tasks in two settings: first, we examined performance of two representative manipulation exercises (peg board and pick-and-place) on a da Vinci surgical SKILLS simulator. This affords a relatively-controlled and standardized test-scenarios for surgeons with varied experience-levels. Second, task-sequences from real surgical videos were analyzed with a list of predefined 'Therbligs' in order to investigate its overall usefulness.

  19. Design of Micro Robot for Minimally Invasive Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deiva Ganesh A


    Full Text Available Micro robots for medical applications need to be compatible with human body, remotely controllable, smooth in movement, less painful to the patients and capable of performing the designated functions. In this paper, state of the art in the design, fabrication and control of micro robots are presented. First the benefits of micro robots in medical applications are listed out. Second, the predominantly used micro robot designs are discussed. Third, the various fabrication process used in micro robot construction are presented. Fourth, the different approaches used for its operation and control in micro robot technology are narrated. Next based on the review we have designed a swimming micro robot driven by external magnetic fields for minimally invasive surgery. The advantage of EMA is that it can generate a wireless driving force. Then, the locomotive mechanism of the micro robot using EMA is presented. Using the EMA system setup various experiments have been conducted. Finally, the performance of the swimming micro robot is evaluated.  

  20. Current Role of Minimally Invasive Radical Cholecystectomy for Gallbladder Cancer

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    Giuseppe Zimmitti


    Full Text Available Background. For Tis and T1a gallbladder cancer (GbC, laparoscopic cholecystectomy can provide similar survival outcomes compared to open cholecystectomy. However, for patients affected by resectable T1b or more advanced GbC, open approach radical cholecystectomy (RC, consisting in gallbladder liver bed resection or segment 4b-5 bisegmentectomy, with locoregional lymphadenectomy, is considered the gold standard while minimally invasive RC (MiRC is skeptically considered. Aim. To analyze current literature on perioperative and oncologic outcomes of MiRC for patients affected by GbC. Methods. A Medline review of published articles until June 2016 concerning MiRC for GbC was performed. Results. Data relevant for this review were presented in 13 articles, including 152 patients undergoing an attempt of MiRC for GbC. No randomized clinical trial was found. The approach was laparoscopic in 147 patients and robotic in five. Conversion was required in 15 (10% patients. Postoperative complications rate was 10% with no mortality. Long-term survival outcomes were reported by 11 studies, two of them showing similar oncologic results when comparing MiRC with matched open RC. Conclusions. Although randomized clinical trials are still lacking and only descriptive studies reporting on limited number of patients are available, current literature seems suggesting that when performed at highly specialized centers, MiRC for GbC is safe and feasible and has oncologic outcomes comparable to open RC.

  1. [Minimally Invasive Surgery in Pediatric Oncology. Tertiary center experience]. (United States)

    Gómez-Chacón Villalba, J; Rodríguez Caraballo, L; Marco Macián, A; Segarra Llido, V; Vila Carbó, J J


    To describe our experience using Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) techniques in tertiary center with specific oncological pediatric surgery unit. Retrospective review of patients undergoing MIS techniques in pediatric oncology surgery unit between January 2011 and December 2014. MIS procedures were considered made by both techniques such as laparoscopy and thoracoscopy with both diagnostic and therapeutic intent. 4 procedures were diagnostic and the rest were therapeutic: During the study, 56 procedures were performed by MIS. By type of technique, 13 were thoracoscopic (7 metastasectomies, 6 thoracic masses) and 43 laparoscopic (3 hepatic masses, 3 pancreatic masses 7 abdominal masses, 2 ovarian masses, 2 typhlitis 1 splenic mass and 25 oophorectomy for ovarian cryopreservation). In 5 cases (2 thoracic masses 1 pancreatic mass abdominal masses) conversion to open surgery to complete the procedure (2 for caution in the absence of vascular control bleeding 1 and 2 for lack of space) was necessary. In all cases safety principles of oncological surgery were respected. Providing an adecuate selection of patiens, MIS techniques are safe, reproducible and fulfill the objectives of quality of cancer surgery.

  2. Minimally-invasive transepidermal potentiometry with microneedle salt bridge. (United States)

    Abe, Yuina; Nagamine, Kuniaki; Nakabayashi, Mayu; Kai, Hiroyuki; Kaji, Hirokazu; Yamauchi, Takeshi; Yamasaki, Kenshi; Nishizawa, Matsuhiko


    A commercial painless microneedle was filled with physiological saline agar, and this needle-based salt bridge was inserted into the skin (a piece of porcine skin and a flank skin of a live mouse) to make an electrical contact with its subepidermal region. The transepidermal potential (TEP), the potential difference between the skin surface and the subepidermal region, was measured using this inner electrode and a conventional agar electrode on the surface of the skin. Control of penetration depth of the inner electrode with a spacer and hydrophilic pretreatment with ozone plasma were found to be necessary for stable measurement. The TEP was reduced upon damages on the skin surface by tape stripping and acetone defatting, which indicated the fabricated needle electrode is useful for the minimally-invasive measurement of TEP and evaluation of skin barrier functions. Furthermore, we showed that the device integrating two electrodes into a single compact probe was useful to evaluate the local barrier functions and their mapping on a skin. This device could be a personal diagnostic tool in the fields of medicine and cosmetics in future.

  3. Enhancing recovery after minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum. (United States)

    Litz, Cristen N; Farach, Sandra M; Fernandez, Allison M; Elliott, Richard; Dolan, Jenny; Nelson, Will; Walford, Nebbie E; Snyder, Christopher; Jacobs, Jeffrey P; Amankwah, Ernest K; Danielson, Paul D; Chandler, Nicole M


    There are variations in the perioperative management of patients who undergo minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE). The purpose is to analyze the change in resource utilization after implementation of a standardized practice plan and describe an enhanced recovery pathway. A standardized practice plan was implemented in 2013. A retrospective review of patients who underwent MIRPE from 2012 to 2015 was performed to evaluate the trends in resource utilization. A pain management protocol was implemented and a retrospective review was performed of patients who underwent repair before (2010-2012) and after (2014-2015) implementation. There were 71 patients included in the review of resource utilization. After implementation, there was a decrease in intensive care unit length of stay (LOS), and laboratory and radiologic studies ordered. There were 64 patients included in the pain protocol analysis. After implementation, postoperative morphine equivalents (3.3 ± 1.4 vs 1.2 ± 0.5 mg/kg, p pectus excavatum.

  4. Quantification of Operational Learning in Minimal Invasive Extracorporeal Circulation. (United States)

    Anastasiadis, Kyriakos; Antonitsis, Polychronis; Asteriou, Christos; Argiriadou, Helena; Deliopoulos, Apostolos; Konstantinou, Dimitrios; Grosomanidis, Vassilios; Tossios, Paschalis


    Minimal invasive extracorporeal circulation (MiECC) has initiated important new efforts within science and technology towards a more physiologic perfusion. In this study, we aim to investigate the learning curve of our center regarding MiECC. We studied a series of 150 consecutive patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting by the same surgical team during the initial phase of MiECC application. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups. Group A (n = 75) included patients operated on MiECC, while group B (n = 75) included patients operated with conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (cCPB). The primary end-point of the study was to identify whether there is a learning curve when operating on MiECC. The following parameters were unrelated with increasing experience, even though the results favored MiECC use: reduced CPB duration (102.9 ± 25 vs. 122.2 ± 33 min, P advantages of MiECC technology in terms of reduced hemodilution and improved end-organ protection and clinical outcome are evident from the first patient. Optimal results are obtained with 50 cases; this refers mainly to significant reduction in the need for intraoperative blood transfusion. Teamwork from surgeons, anesthesiologists, and perfusionists is of paramount importance in order to maximize the clinical benefits from this technology. © 2016 International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Augmented reality-assisted bypass surgery: embracing minimal invasiveness. (United States)

    Cabrilo, Ivan; Schaller, Karl; Bijlenga, Philippe


    The overlay of virtual images on the surgical field, defined as augmented reality, has been used for image guidance during various neurosurgical procedures. Although this technology could conceivably address certain inherent problems of extracranial-to-intracranial bypass procedures, this potential has not been explored to date. We evaluate the usefulness of an augmented reality-based setup, which could help in harvesting donor vessels through their precise localization in real-time, in performing tailored craniotomies, and in identifying preoperatively selected recipient vessels for the purpose of anastomosis. Our method was applied to 3 patients with Moya-Moya disease who underwent superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery anastomoses and 1 patient who underwent an occipital artery-to-posteroinferior cerebellar artery bypass because of a dissecting aneurysm of the vertebral artery. Patients' heads, skulls, and extracranial and intracranial vessels were segmented preoperatively from 3-dimensional image data sets (3-dimensional digital subtraction angiography, angio-magnetic resonance imaging, angio-computed tomography), and injected intraoperatively into the operating microscope's eyepiece for image guidance. In each case, the described setup helped in precisely localizing donor and recipient vessels and in tailoring craniotomies to the injected images. The presented system based on augmented reality can optimize the workflow of extracranial-to-intracranial bypass procedures by providing essential anatomical information, entirely integrated to the surgical field, and help to perform minimally invasive procedures. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Teach and Playback Training Device for Minimally Invasive Surgery

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    Sriram Garudeswaran


    Full Text Available Recent technological progress offers the opportunity to significantly transform conventional open surgical procedures in ways that allow minimally invasive surgery (MIS to be accomplished by specific operative instruments’ entry into the body through key-sized holes rather than large incisions. Although MIS offers an opportunity for less trauma and quicker recovery, thereby reducing length of hospital stay and attendant costs, the complex nature of this procedure makes it difficult to master, not least because of the limited work area and constricted degree of freedom. Accordingly, this research seeks to design a Teach and Playback device that can aid surgical training by key-framing and then reproducing surgical motions. The result is an inexpensive and portable Teach and Playback laparoscopic training device that can record a trainer’s surgical motions and then play them back for trainees. Indeed, such a device could provide a training platform for surgical residents generally and would also be susceptible of many other applications for other robot-assisted tasks that might require complex motion training and control.

  7. Augmented Reality Image Guidance in Minimally Invasive Prostatectomy (United States)

    Cohen, Daniel; Mayer, Erik; Chen, Dongbin; Anstee, Ann; Vale, Justin; Yang, Guang-Zhong; Darzi, Ara; Edwards, Philip'eddie'

    This paper presents our work aimed at providing augmented reality (AR) guidance of robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALP) using the da Vinci system. There is a good clinical case for guidance due to the significant rate of complications and steep learning curve for this procedure. Patients who were due to undergo robotic prostatectomy for organ-confined prostate cancer underwent preoperative 3T MRI scans of the pelvis. These were segmented and reconstructed to form 3D images of pelvic anatomy. The reconstructed image was successfully overlaid onto screenshots of the recorded surgery post-procedure. Surgeons who perform minimally-invasive prostatectomy took part in a user-needs analysis to determine the potential benefits of an image guidance system after viewing the overlaid images. All surgeons stated that the development would be useful at key stages of the surgery and could help to improve the learning curve of the procedure and improve functional and oncological outcomes. Establishing the clinical need in this way is a vital early step in development of an AR guidance system. We have also identified relevant anatomy from preoperative MRI. Further work will be aimed at automated registration to account for tissue deformation during the procedure, using a combination of transrectal ultrasound and stereoendoscopic video.

  8. Cyclodialysis Cleft Treatment Using a Minimally Invasive Technique

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    João Pinheiro-Costa


    Full Text Available Purpose: To report a case of a cyclodialysis cleft that was successfully managed with gas endotamponade and cyclocryotherapy. Methods: A 37-year-old male victim of a severe blunt ocular trauma was referred to our service for evaluation and treatment of a left eye hypotony. Clinical examination revealed an intraocular pressure of 2 mm Hg, a cyclodialysis cleft extending from the 11 to 1 o'clock positions and a hypotonic maculopathy. Left eye best corrected visual acuity (BCVA was 3/10. The patient failed to respond to conservative treatment with atropine 1%, so a single bubble of 16% C2F6 was injected into the vitreous cavity, followed by superior quadrant transconjunctival cyclocryotherapy. Results: After gas absorption, the intraocular pressure increased to 11 mm Hg and became steady during the 24 months of follow-up. His hypotonic maculopathy resolved, and the BCVA improved to 9/10. Complete closure of the cyclodialysis cleft was documented with ultrasound biomicroscopy. Conclusion: Cryotherapy associated with gas endotamponade is a minimally invasive technique that could be considered for patients with cyclodialysis clefts that fail to respond to medical therapy.

  9. Kinematic design considerations for minimally invasive surgical robots: an overview. (United States)

    Kuo, Chin-Hsing; Dai, Jian S; Dasgupta, Prokar


    Kinematic design is a predominant phase in the design of robotic manipulators for minimally invasive surgery (MIS). However, an extensive overview of the kinematic design issues for MIS robots is not yet available to both mechanisms and robotics communities. Hundreds of archival reports and articles on robotic systems for MIS are reviewed and studied. In particular, the kinematic design considerations and mechanism development described in the literature for existing robots are focused on. The general kinematic design goals, design requirements, and design preferences for MIS robots are defined. An MIS-specialized mechanism, namely the remote center-of-motion (RCM) mechanism, is revisited and studied. Accordingly, based on the RCM mechanism types, a classification for MIS robots is provided. A comparison between eight different RCM types is given. Finally, several open challenges for the kinematic design of MIS robotic manipulators are discussed. This work provides a detailed survey of the kinematic design of MIS robots, addresses the research opportunity in MIS robots for kinematicians, and clarifies the kinematic point of view to MIS robots as a reference for the medical community. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. Update on Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS) and New Implants (United States)

    Brandão, Lívia M.; Grieshaber, Matthias C.


    Traditional glaucoma surgery has been challenged by the advent of innovative techniques and new implants in the past few years. There is an increasing demand for safer glaucoma surgery offering patients a timely surgical solution in reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) and improving their quality of life. The new procedures and devices aim to lower IOP with a higher safety profile than fistulating surgery (trabeculectomy/drainage tubes) and are collectively termed “minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS).” The main advantage of MIGS is that they are nonpenetrating and/or bleb-independent procedures, thus avoiding the major complications of fistulating surgery related to blebs and hypotony. In this review, the clinical results of the latest techniques and devices are presented by their approach, ab interno (trabeculotomy, excimer laser trabeculotomy, trabecular microbypass, suprachoroidal shunt, and intracanalicular scaffold) and ab externo (canaloplasty, Stegmann Canal Expander, suprachoroidal Gold microshunt). The drawback of MIGS is that some of these procedures produce a limited IOP reduction compared to trabeculectomy. Currently, MIGS is performed in glaucoma patients with early to moderate disease and preferably in combination with cataract surgery. PMID:24369494

  11. Minimally invasive breast surgery: vacuum-assisted core biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Goncharov


    Full Text Available Fibrocystic breast disease is diagnosed in 20 % of women. Morphological verification of breast lumps is an important part of monitoring of these patients.Study objective. To study the role of vacuum-assisted core biopsy (VAB in differential diagnosis of fibrocystic breast disease.Materials and methods. In 2014 in Innomed plus clinic the VAB method for tumor diagnostics was introduced for the first time in the PrimorskyRegion. We studied application of VAB in 22 patients with a diagnosis of nonpalpable breast lesion.Results. Relapse rate for VAB is 4.5 %, complication rate in the form of postoperative hematomas is 22.7 %, but these complications do not increase duration of rehabilitation and are not clinically relevant.Conclusion. VAB is a minimally invasive surgical approach which allows to collect the same volume of tumor tissue as sectoral resection. The benefits of the method are better cosmetic results and shorter rehabilitation period with comparable complication rate. This allows to use VAB not only for diagnostic purposes but as a treatment for benign breast tumors.

  12. [Earlier postoperative mobilization with minimally invasive hip hemiarthroplasty]. (United States)

    Preininger, B; Jesacher, M; Fabsits, E; Winkler, T


    Treatment of medial femoral fractures in elderly patients with cemented hip hemiarthroplasty (HEP) is a widely established procedure. The main problems with this procedure are complications associated with soft tissue damage and prolonged immobilization. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological results after HEP implantation using either an anterior minimally invasive (MIS) approach or a regular transgluteal (TG) approach. In this retrospective study the results of 55 consecutive MIS and 54 consecutive TG approaches for implanted HEP after medial femoral fracture were compared. The time of successful mobilization, duration of the i.v. analgesia as well as the occurrence of any perioperative complications were recorded. The femoral offset, leg length and the femoral alignment were analyzed radiologically. The MIS group could be mobilized earlier (MIS 2. pod vs. TG 4. pod, p <0.01) but the need for i.v. applied analgesia was prolonged (MIS 4.4 pod vs. TG 3.5 pod, p=0.04). In the MIS group the number of perioperative complications was less than in the TG group (MIS 7% vs. TG 17%, p <0.05). The early functional advantages of MIS after HEP implantation for medial femoral fractures are evident also within an elderly group of patients.

  13. Minimally invasive surgery in management of renal tumours in children. (United States)

    Eriksen, Kathrine Olaussen; Johal, Navroop Singh; Mushtaq, Imran


    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in the management of malignant and benign renal tumours in children is gradually becoming more common. Experience is limited and restricted to case reports, retrospective chart reviews and a few cohort studies. There are currently no randomized controlled trials or controlled clinical trials comparing the laparoscopic and open surgical approach for the management of renal tumours in children. MIS may offer the same oncologic outcome in malignant renal tumours whilst providing the advantages associated with MIS in correctly selected cases. The technique for tumour resection has been shown to be feasible in regards to the recommended oncologic principles, although lymph node sampling can be inadequate in some cases. Preliminary reports do not show an increased risk of tumour rupture or inferior oncologic outcomes after MIS. However, the sample size remains small and duration of follow-up inadequate to draw any firm conclusions. Implementation of MIS is lacking in the protocols of the major study groups, and standardized recommendations for the indications and contra-indications remain undefined. The objective of this article is to present a review of the literature on the role of MIS in the management of renal tumours in children, with the main focus on Wilms' tumour (WT). Further studies on MIS in renal tumours are required to evaluate the incidence of oncological complications such as complete tumour resection and intra-operative tumour spillage. A long-term follow-up of patients managed by MIS is essential to compare recurrence rates and overall survival rates.

  14. Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery: current status and future prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richter GM


    Full Text Available Grace M Richter,1,2 Anne L Coleman11UCLA Stein Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA; 2USC Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USAAbstract: Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery aims to provide a medication-sparing, conjunctival-sparing, ab interno approach to intraocular pressure reduction for patients with mild-to-moderate glaucoma that is safer than traditional incisional glaucoma surgery. The current approaches include: increasing trabecular outflow (Trabectome, iStent, Hydrus stent, gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy, excimer laser trabeculotomy; suprachoroidal shunts (Cypass micro-stent; reducing aqueous production (endocyclophotocoagulation; and subconjunctival filtration (XEN gel stent. The data on each surgical procedure for each of these approaches are reviewed in this article, patient selection pearls learned to date are discussed, and expectations for the future are examined. Keywords: MIGS, microincisional glaucoma surgery, trabecular stent, Schlemm’s canal, suprachoroidal shunt, ab interno

  15. Comparing open and minimally invasive surgical procedures for oesophagectomy in the treatment of cancer: the ROMIO (Randomised Oesophagectomy: Minimally Invasive or Open) feasibility study and pilot trial. (United States)

    Metcalfe, Chris; Avery, Kerry; Berrisford, Richard; Barham, Paul; Noble, Sian M; Fernandez, Aida Moure; Hanna, George; Goldin, Robert; Elliott, Jackie; Wheatley, Timothy; Sanders, Grant; Hollowood, Andrew; Falk, Stephen; Titcomb, Dan; Streets, Christopher; Donovan, Jenny L; Blazeby, Jane M


    Localised oesophageal cancer can be curatively treated with surgery (oesophagectomy) but the procedure is complex with a risk of complications, negative effects on quality of life and a recovery period of 6-9 months. Minimal-access surgery may accelerate recovery. The ROMIO (Randomised Oesophagectomy: Minimally Invasive or Open) study aimed to establish the feasibility of, and methodology for, a definitive trial comparing minimally invasive and open surgery for oesophagectomy. Objectives were to quantify the number of eligible patients in a pilot trial; develop surgical manuals as the basis for quality assurance; standardise pathological processing; establish a method to blind patients to their allocation in the first week post surgery; identify measures of postsurgical outcome of importance to patients and clinicians; and establish the main cost differences between the surgical approaches. Pilot parallel three-arm randomised controlled trial nested within feasibility work. Two UK NHS departments of upper gastrointestinal surgery. Patients aged ≥ 18 years with histopathological evidence of oesophageal or oesophagogastric junctional adenocarcinoma, squamous cell cancer or high-grade dysplasia, referred for oesophagectomy or oesophagectomy following neoadjuvant chemo(radio)therapy. Oesophagectomy, with patients randomised to open surgery, a hybrid open chest and minimally invasive abdomen or totally minimally invasive access. The primary outcome measure for the pilot trial was the number of patients recruited per month, with the main trial considered feasible if at least 2.5 patients per month were recruited. During 21 months of recruitment, 263 patients were assessed for eligibility; of these, 135 (51%) were found to be eligible and 104 (77%) agreed to participate, an average of five patients per month. In total, 41 patients were allocated to open surgery, 43 to the hybrid procedure and 20 to totally minimally invasive surgery. Recruitment is continuing

  16. Biostatistical analysis of treatment results of bacterial liver abscesses using minimally invasive techniques and open surgery

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    Кipshidze A.A.


    Full Text Available Today bacterial abscesses remain one of the most difficult complications in surgical hepatology, both traditional and minimally invasive methods of their treatment are used. Bio-statistical analysis is used due to the fact that strong evidences are required for the effectiveness of one or another method of surgical intervention. The estimation of statistical significance of differences between the control and the main group of patients with liver abscesses is given in this paper. Depending on the treatment method patients were divided into two groups: 1 - minimally invasive surgery (89 cases; 2 – laporatomy surgery (74 patients. Data compa¬ri¬son was performed by means of Stjudent's criterion. The effectiveness of method of abscesses drainage using inter¬ventional sonography, outer nazobiliar drainage with reorganization of ductal liver system and abscess cavity with the help of modern antiseptics was considered. The percentage of cured patients was also estimated.

  17. The minimally invasive spinal deformity surgery algorithm: a reproducible rational framework for decision making in minimally invasive spinal deformity surgery. (United States)

    Mummaneni, Praveen V; Shaffrey, Christopher I; Lenke, Lawrence G; Park, Paul; Wang, Michael Y; La Marca, Frank; Smith, Justin S; Mundis, Gregory M; Okonkwo, David O; Moal, Bertrand; Fessler, Richard G; Anand, Neel; Uribe, Juan S; Kanter, Adam S; Akbarnia, Behrooz; Fu, Kai-Ming G


    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is an alternative to open deformity surgery for the treatment of patients with adult spinal deformity. However, at this time MIS techniques are not as versatile as open deformity techniques, and MIS techniques have been reported to result in suboptimal sagittal plane correction or pseudarthrosis when used for severe deformities. The minimally invasive spinal deformity surgery (MISDEF) algorithm was created to provide a framework for rational decision making for surgeons who are considering MIS versus open spine surgery. A team of experienced spinal deformity surgeons developed the MISDEF algorithm that incorporates a patient's preoperative radiographic parameters and leads to one of 3 general plans ranging from MIS direct or indirect decompression to open deformity surgery with osteotomies. The authors surveyed fellowship-trained spine surgeons experienced with spinal deformity surgery to validate the algorithm using a set of 20 cases to establish interobserver reliability. They then resurveyed the same surgeons 2 months later with the same cases presented in a different sequence to establish intraobserver reliability. Responses were collected and tabulated. Fleiss' analysis was performed using MATLAB software. Over a 3-month period, 11 surgeons completed the surveys. Responses for MISDEF algorithm case review demonstrated an interobserver kappa of 0.58 for the first round of surveys and an interobserver kappa of 0.69 for the second round of surveys, consistent with substantial agreement. In at least 10 cases there was perfect agreement between the reviewing surgeons. The mean intraobserver kappa for the 2 surveys was 0.86 ± 0.15 (± SD) and ranged from 0.62 to 1. The use of the MISDEF algorithm provides consistent and straightforward guidance for surgeons who are considering either an MIS or an open approach for the treatment of patients with adult spinal deformity. The MISDEF algorithm was found to have substantial inter- and

  18. A prospective, multi-institutional comparative effectiveness study of lumbar spine surgery in morbidly obese patients: does minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion result in superior outcomes? (United States)

    Adogwa, Owoicho; Carr, Kevin; Thompson, Paul; Hoang, Kimberly; Darlington, Timothy; Perez, Edgar; Fatemi, Parastou; Gottfried, Oren; Cheng, Joseph; Isaacs, Robert E


    Obese and morbidly obese patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion surgery are a challenge to the operating surgeon. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and open-TLIF have been performed for many years with good results; however, functional outcomes after lumbar spine surgery in this subgroup of patients remain poorly understood. Furthermore, whether index MIS-TLIF or open-TLIF for the treatment of degenerative disc disease or spondylolisthesis in morbidly obese results in superior postoperative functional outcomes remains unknown. A total of 148 (MIS-TLIF: n = 40, open-TLIF: n = 108) obese and morbidly obese patients undergoing index lumbar arthrodesis for low back pain and/or radiculopathy between January 2003 and December 2010 were selected from a multi-institutional prospective data registry. We collected and analyzed data on patient demographics, postoperative complications, back pain, leg pain, and functional disability over 2 years. Patients completed the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36 (SF-36), and back and leg pain numerical rating scores before surgery and then at 12 and 24 months after surgery. Clinical outcomes and complication rates were compared between both patient cohorts. Compared with preoperative status, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) back and leg pain, ODI, and SF-36 physical component score/mental component score were improved in both groups. Both MIS-TLIF and open-TLIF patients showed similar 2-year improvement in VAS for back pain (MIS-TLIF: 2.42 ± 3.81 vs. open-TLIF: 2.33 ± 3.67, P = 0.89), VAS for leg pain (MIS-TLIF: 3.77 ± 4.53 vs. open-TLIF: 2.67 ± 4.10, P = 0.18), ODI (MIS-TLIF: 11.61 ± 25.52 vs. open-TLIF: 14.88 ± 22.07, P = 0.47), and SF-36 physical component score (MIS-TLIF: 8.61 ± 17.72 vs. open-TLIF: 7.61 ± 15.55, P = 0.93), and SF-36 mental component score (MIS-TLIF: 4.35 ± 22.71 vs. open-TLIF: 5.96 ± 21.09, P = 0.69). Postoperative complications

  19. Benign Spine Lesions: Advances in Techniques for Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Treatment. (United States)

    Tomasian, A; Wallace, A N; Jennings, J W


    Minimally invasive percutaneous imaging-guided techniques have been shown to be safe and effective for the treatment of benign tumors of the spine. Techniques available include a variety of tumor ablation technologies, including radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation, microwave ablation, alcohol ablation, and laser photocoagulation. Vertebral augmentation may be performed after ablation as part of the same procedure for fracture stabilization or prevention. Typically, the treatment goal in benign spine lesions is definitive cure. Painful benign spine lesions commonly encountered in daily practice include osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, vertebral hemangioma, aneurysmal bone cyst, Paget disease, and subacute/chronic Schmorl node. This review discusses the most recent advancement and use of minimally invasive percutaneous therapeutic options for the management of benign spine lesions. © 2017 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  20. Novel wireless-communicating textiles made from multi-material and minimally-invasive fibers. (United States)

    Bélanger-Garnier, Victor; Gorgutsa, Stephan; Ung, Bora; Viens, Jeff; Gosselin, Benoit; LaRochelle, Sophie; Messaddeq, Younes


    The ability to integrate multiple materials into miniaturized fiber structures enables the realization of novel biomedical textile devices with higher-level functionalities and minimally-invasive attributes. In this work, we present novel textile fabrics integrating unobtrusive multi-material fibers that communicate through 2.4 GHz wireless networks with excellent signal quality. The conductor elements of the textiles are embedded within the fibers themselves, providing electrical and chemical shielding against the environment, while preserving the mechanical and cosmetic properties of the garments. These multi-material fibers combine insulating and conducting materials into a well-defined geometry, and represent a cost-effective and minimally-invasive approach to sensor fabrics and bio-sensing textiles connected in real time to mobile communications infrastructures, suitable for a variety of health and life science applications.

  1. Novel Wireless-Communicating Textiles Made from Multi-Material and Minimally-Invasive Fibers

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    Stepan Gorgutsa


    Full Text Available The ability to integrate multiple materials into miniaturized fiber structures enables the realization of novel biomedical textile devices with higher-level functionalities and minimally-invasive attributes. In this work, we present novel textile fabrics integrating unobtrusive multi-material fibers that communicate through 2.4 GHz wireless networks with excellent signal quality. The conductor elements of the textiles are embedded within the fibers themselves, providing electrical and chemical shielding against the environment, while preserving the mechanical and cosmetic properties of the garments. These multi-material fibers combine insulating and conducting materials into a well-defined geometry, and represent a cost-effective and minimally-invasive approach to sensor fabrics and bio-sensing textiles connected in real time to mobile communications infrastructures, suitable for a variety of health and life science applications.

  2. Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Minimally Invasive Treatment with Bilateral Transpedicular Facet Augmentation System

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    Masala, Salvatore, E-mail: [Interventional Radiology and Radiotherapy, University of Rome ' Tor Vergata' , Department of Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging (Italy); Tarantino, Umberto [University of Rome ' Tor Vergata' , Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (Italy); Nano, Giovanni, E-mail: [Interventional Radiology and Radiotherapy, University of Rome ' Tor Vergata' , Department of Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging (Italy); Iundusi, Riccardo [University of Rome ' Tor Vergata' , Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (Italy); Fiori, Roberto, E-mail:; Da Ros, Valerio, E-mail:; Simonetti, Giovanni [Interventional Radiology and Radiotherapy, University of Rome ' Tor Vergata' , Department of Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging (Italy)


    Purpose. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new pedicle screw-based posterior dynamic stabilization device PDS Percudyn System Trade-Mark-Sign Anchor and Stabilizer (Interventional Spine Inc., Irvine, CA) as alternative minimally invasive treatment for patients with lumbar spine stenosis. Methods. Twenty-four consecutive patients (8 women, 16 men; mean age 61.8 yr) with lumbar spinal stenosis underwent implantation of the minimally invasive pedicle screw-based device for posterior dynamic stabilization. Inclusion criteria were lumbar stenosis without signs of instability, resistant to conservative treatment, and eligible to traditional surgical posterior decompression. Results. Twenty patients (83 %) progressively improved during the 1-year follow-up. Four (17 %) patients did not show any improvement and opted for surgical posterior decompression. For both responder and nonresponder patients, no device-related complications were reported. Conclusions. Minimally invasive PDS Percudyn System Trade-Mark-Sign has effectively improved the clinical setting of 83 % of highly selected patients treated, delaying the need for traditional surgical therapy.

  3. Strategies of minimally invasive treatment for intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct stones. (United States)

    Zhang, Zongming; Liu, Zhuo; Liu, Limin; Song, Mengmeng; Zhang, Chong; Yu, Hongwei; Wan, Baijiang; Zhu, Mingwen; Liu, Zixu; Deng, Hai; Yuan, Haiming; Yang, Haiyan; Wei, Wenping; Zhao, Yue


    Cholelithiasis is a kind of common and multiple diseases. In recent years, traditional laparotomy has been challenged by a minimally invasive surgery. Through literature review, the therapeutic method, effect, and complications of minimally invasive treatment of intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct stones by combining our practical experience were summarized as follows. (1) For intrahepatic bile duct stones, the operation may be selected by laparoscopic liver resection, laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE), or percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy. (2) For concomitant gallstones and common bile duct stones, the surgical approach can be selected as follows: laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) combined with endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) or endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation, LC plus laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration, LC plus LCBDE, and T-tube drainage or primary suture. (3) For concomitant intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct stones, laparoscopic liver resection, choledochoscopy through the hepatic duct orifice on the hepatectomy cross section, LCBDE, EST, and percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopic lithotripsy could be used. According to the abovementioned principle, the minimally invasive treatment approach combined with the surgical technique and equipment condition will be significant in improving the therapeutic effect and avoiding the postoperative complications or hidden dangers of intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct stones.

  4. Postoperative metabolic acidosis following the minimally invasive radiofrequency maze procedure

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    Raymond Patrick Hom


    Full Text Available Purpose: Atrial fibrillation (AF is the most common arrhythmia treated in the world. While medical treatment with antiarrhythmic drugs remains the primary treatment modality, symptomatic refractory AF often requires treatment with a catheter or surgical ablation. One minimally invasive therapy is the Mini-Maze procedure, which utilizes epicardial radiofrequency ablation via a subxiphoid approach to rid the heart of arrhythmogenic atrial foci without a median sternotomy or cardiopulmonary bypass. The goal of this retrospective cohort study was to identify clinical factors associated with metabolic acidosis following the Mini-Maze procedure. Materials and Methods: After Institutional Review Board approval, we studied patients undergoing the Mini-Maze procedure, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting or patients conventional Cox-Maze on cardiopulmonary bypass. The first base deficit value obtained in the Intensive Care Unit was used as a measure of metabolic acidosis. Using logistic regression with Akaike information criteria, we analyzed preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data to determine the factors associated with changes in base deficit. Results: A multivariable model using stepwise selection demonstrated that diabetes mellitus and weight were associated with a decrease in the base deficit by 2.87 mEq/L (95% CI: −5.55-−0.19 and 0.04 mEq/L (95%CI: −0.08, 0.004, respectively. Furthermore, creatinine was associated with a 1.57 mEq/L (95% CI: 0.14, 2.99 increase in the base deficit. Conclusion: The Mini-Maze procedure was not associated with postoperative metabolic acidosis. Instead, nondiabetic patients and patients with higher creatinine were associated with greater base deficits after undergoing cardiac surgery.

  5. Pectus excavatum repair: experience with standard and minimal invasive techniques. (United States)

    Molik, K A; Engum, S A; Rescorla, F J; West, K W; Scherer, L R; Grosfeld, J L


    The Nuss procedure is a minimally invasive pectus repair that helps avoid cartilage resection and osteotomy. This report compares outcomes in patients undergoing a standard pectus repair to patients with the Nuss procedure. One hundred three children (ages 5 to 20 years) with severe pectus excavatum underwent repair. Patients were evaluated for type of repair performed, associated anomalies, cardiopulmonary function, operating time, analgesia requirements, complications, length of hospital stay, hospital and operative charges, and cosmetic result. Statistical analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney rank sum test. There were 68 patients (average age, 12.6 years) in the standard group and 35, (average age, 9.5 years) in the Nuss group. Associated anomalies were found in 6 standard group and 2 Nuss group patients. Average operating time in Nuss was 3.3 hours and in open procedures, 4.7 hours. Postoperative complications occurred in 13 (20%) standard repair patients and 15 (43%) after the Nuss. In the standard group, 14 patients received intrathecal and 3 received epidural analgesia, while 35 (52%) required an intravenous patient-controlled anesthetic device (PCA; average, 1.8 days). In the Nuss group, 25 patients (71%) received epidural anesthesia (average, 3 days), and 31 (89%) utilized PCA (average 3.8 days). Four (6%) standard patients and 8 Nuss patients (29%) required reoperation. Length of stay averaged 4.0 days (range 2 to 30) in the standard group and 4.8 days (range, 2 to 11) in the Nuss group. Average operating room charge was $8,325 in the standard group and $9,480 in the Nuss group. Average hospital charge was $4,137 for the standard patient and $4,044 for the Nuss group. Analgesic requirements and length of hospital stay were increased (P cosmetic and functional outcomes and define the overall risks and benefits of this procedure as compared with the standard technique.

  6. Postoperative metabolic acidosis following the minimally invasive radiofrequency maze procedure. (United States)

    Hom, Raymond Patrick; Dubovoy, Anna; Jewell, Elizabeth; Engoren, Milo


    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia treated in the world. While medical treatment with antiarrhythmic drugs remains the primary treatment modality, symptomatic refractory AF often requires treatment with a catheter or surgical ablation. One minimally invasive therapy is the Mini-Maze procedure, which utilizes epicardial radiofrequency ablation via a subxiphoid approach to rid the heart of arrhythmogenic atrial foci without a median sternotomy or cardiopulmonary bypass. The goal of this retrospective cohort study was to identify clinical factors associated with metabolic acidosis following the Mini-Maze procedure. After Institutional Review Board approval, we studied patients undergoing the Mini-Maze procedure, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting or patients conventional Cox-Maze on cardiopulmonary bypass. The first base deficit value obtained in the Intensive Care Unit was used as a measure of metabolic acidosis. Using logistic regression with Akaike information criteria, we analyzed preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data to determine the factors associated with changes in base deficit. A multivariable model using stepwise selection demonstrated that diabetes mellitus and weight were associated with a decrease in the base deficit by 2.87 mEq/L (95% CI: -5.55--0.19) and 0.04 mEq/L (95%CI: -0.08, 0.004), respectively. Furthermore, creatinine was associated with a 1.57 mEq/L (95% CI: 0.14, 2.99) increase in the base deficit. The Mini-Maze procedure was not associated with postoperative metabolic acidosis. Instead, nondiabetic patients and patients with higher creatinine were associated with greater base deficits after undergoing cardiac surgery.

  7. Comparison of 3 Minimally Invasive Methods for Distal Tibia Fractures. (United States)

    Fang, Jun-Hao; Wu, Yao-Sen; Guo, Xiao-Shan; Sun, Liao-Jun


    This study compared the results of external fixation combined with limited open reduction and internal fixation (EF + LORIF), minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO), and intramedullary nailing (IMN) for distal tibia fractures. A total of 84 patients with distal tibia shaft fractures were randomized to operative stabilization using EF + LORIF (28 cases), MIPPO (28 cases), or IMN (28 cases). The 3 groups were comparable with respect to patient demographics. Data were collected on operative time and radiation time, union time, complications, time of recovery to work, secondary operations, and measured joint function using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score. There was no significant difference in time to union, incidence of union status, time of recovery to work, and AOFAS scores among the 3 groups (P>.05). Mean operative time and radiation time in the MIPPO group were longer than those in the IMN or EF + LORIF groups (P<.05). Wound complications after MIPPO were more common compared with IMN or EF + LORIF (P<.05). Anterior knee pain occurred frequently after IMN (32.1%), and irritation symptoms were encountered more frequently after MIPPO (46.4%). Although EF + LORIF was associated with fewer secondary procedures vs MIPPO or IMN, it was related with more pin-tract infections (14.3%). Findings indicated that EF + LORIF, MIPPO, and IMN all achieved similar good functional results. However, EF + LORIF had some advantages over MIPPO and IMN in reducing operative and radiation times, postoperative complications, and reoperation rate. [Orthopedics. 2016; 39(4):e627-e633.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  8. A minimally invasive microchip for transdermal injection/sampling applications. (United States)

    Strambini, Lucanos M; Longo, Angela; Diligenti, Alessandro; Barillaro, Giuseppe


    The design, fabrication, and characterization of a minimally invasive silicon microchip for transdermal injection/sampling applications are reported and discussed. The microchip exploits an array of silicon-dioxide hollow microneedles with density of one million needles cm(-2) and lateral size of a few micrometers, protruding from the front-side chip surface for one hundred micrometers, to inject/draw fluids into/from the skin. The microneedles are in connection with independent reservoirs grooved on the back-side of the chip. Insertion experiments of the microchip in skin-like polymers (agarose hydrogels with concentrations of 2% and 4% wt) demonstrate that the microneedles successfully withstand penetration without breaking, despite their high density and small size, according to theoretical predictions. Operation of the microchip with different liquids of biomedical interest (deionized water, NaCl solution, and d-glucose solution) at different differential pressures, in the range 10-100 kPa, highlights that the flow-rate through the microneedles is linearly dependent on the pressure-drop, despite the small section area (about 13 μm(2)) of the microneedle bore, and can be finely controlled from a few ml min(-1) up to tens of ml min(-1). Evaporation (at room temperature) and acceleration (up to 80 g) losses through the microneedles are also investigated to quantify the ability of the chip in storing liquids (drug to be delivered or collected fluid) in the reservoir, and result to be of the order of 70 nl min(-1) and 1300 nl min(-1), respectively, at atmospheric pressure and room temperature.

  9. Minimally invasive tongue base surgery for obstructive sleep apnoea. (United States)

    Terris, David J; Kunda, Larisa D; Gonella, Marie C


    Moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea is usually associated with multiple levels of pharyngeal airway collapse, including tongue base obstruction. A new technique has recently been introduced that improves the nocturnal retro-lingual airway. This study was a prospective, non-randomized single-institution evaluation of a recently introduced surgical technique. Nineteen consecutive patients with previously untreated moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea underwent tongue suspension using the Respose system and concomitant palatopharyngoplasty (multilevel pharyngeal surgery). The patient demographics and treatment outcomes were prospectively collected and retrospectively analysed. There were 16 men and three women, with a mean (+/-SD) age of 44.9 years (+/- 14.2) and a mean pre-operative apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) of 42.8 +/- 24.8. Twelve of the 19 patients (63.2 per cent) have had post-operative polysomnography; eight of these 12 (67 per cent) met the standard criteria for surgical response. Among these eight patients, the AHI improved from 32.4 to 14.4 (p0.5). Subjectively, the mean Epworth sleepiness scale score fell from 11.0 +/- 5.4 to 5.4 +/- 3.8 (p<0.005). Four patients suffered transient velopharyngeal insufficiency, and two patients complained of limited anterior excursion of the tongue. There were no serious, long-term complications. The tongue suspension procedure represents a minimally invasive technique for improving the nocturnal retro-lingual airway in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. It is easily performed by otolaryngologists, distinguishing it from other established techniques designed to address tongue base obstruction.

  10. Laparoscopic repair of hiatal hernia after minimally invasive esophagectomy. (United States)

    Ulloa Severino, Beatrice; Fuks, David; Christidis, Christos; Denet, Christine; Gayet, Brice; Perniceni, Thierry


    Minimally invasive esophagectomy for cancer decreases respiratory postoperative complications but seems to be associated with higher occurrence of hiatal hernia (HH). This study describes the incidence of this complication and the results of surgical repair. Among 390 patients with esophageal cancer treated by esophagectomies with laparoscopic gastric dissection from 2000 to 2013, 32 (8.2%) patients developed HH. Demographics, diagnostic, surgical management and outcomes data were collected retrospectively. There were 25 men and 7 women with a median age of 60 years (39-78). The median time between esophagectomy and diagnosis of HH was 10 months (3 days-96 months). The most frequent symptoms at the time of diagnosis were pain (32%), dyspnea (21%) and vomiting (10%), while HH was asymptomatic in 10 patients. HH was located in the left chest in 97% of patients and involved either the transverse colon (91%), or omentum (25%) or the small bowel (12%). The operation included the reintegration of the viscera associated with the closure of the pillars (100%) and the establishment of a mesh (71%). The operation was carried out by laparoscopy in 19 (59%) patients and was conducted in emergency in 6 (19%) patients. No patient died, and the overall morbidity was 25%. After a median follow-up of 40 months (range 1-55), five patients died due to oncologic evolution and six (19%) patients had recurrence of HH who required a second operation. HH is a common complication after laparoscopic-assisted esophagectomy. Despite the use of mesh, postoperative morbidity and recurrence incidence remain high.

  11. Minimally invasive surgical treatment for temporomandibular joint in patients with various rheumatic diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Yu. Drobyshev


    Full Text Available Temporomandibular joint (TMJ involvement occurs in patients with different rheumatic diseases (RDs. Pain, limitation of mouth opening can lead to significant problems in both oral hygiene and when eating. Conservative treatments for TMJ lesions are not always effective. Objective: to evaluate the efficiency of minimally invasive surgical interventions (TMJ arthrocentesis and arthroscopy in patients with RDs. Patients and methods. The investigation enrolled 64 patients with different RDs (43 with rheumatoid arthritis, 11 with psoriatic arthritis, 8 with systemic lupus erythematosus, and 2 with ankylosing spondylitis who were divided into three groups in relation to the severity of TMJ involvement in accordance with the Wilkes classification. All the patients underwent TMJ magnetic resonance imaging at baseline and 6 months after treatment. Also at baseline, 14 days, and 1, 6, and 12 months after surgery, the investigators assessed TMJ pain intensity by visual analogue scale and the parameters of mandibular movements. Patients with Wilkes stages IV and V TMJ involvement underwent arthroscopic intervention into the TMJ and those with III stage received TMJ arthrocentesis with arthrolavage. Results and discussion. After surgical treatment, all the groups were noted to have a significant decrease in TMJ pain intensity compared with the baseline level; moreover, the severity of TMJ pain most significantly decreased on day 7 after surgery. Later on, positive changes remained within subsequent follow-up months. There were data similar in the higher degree of mouth opening. The results of surgical treatment in patients with Wilkes stage V TMJ involvement were worse than in those with stages III and IV. Conclusion. Minimally invasive TMJ surgery in patients with RDs is effective and associated with the low frequency of postoperative complications and exacerbations of RDs. The efficiency of minimally invasive TMJ surgery is higher in patients with the

  12. Nonablative minimally invasive thermal therapies in the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ancona, F.C.H. d'


    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As all new treatment modalities nonablative thermal therapy for minimal invasive treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia should be critically analyzed. This review discusses the literature to identify the merits of these so-called minimally invasive treatments and the place they

  13. Microneedle-based minimally-invasive measurement of puncture resistance and fracture toughness of sclera. (United States)

    Park, Seung Hyun; Lee, Kang Ju; Lee, JiYong; Yoon, Jae Hyoung; Jo, Dong Hyun; Kim, Jeong Hun; Kang, Keonwook; Ryu, WonHyoung


    The sclera provides the structural support of the eye and protects the intraocular contents. Since it covers a large portion of the eye surface and has relatively high permeability for most drugs, the sclera has been used as a major pathway for drug administration. Recently, microneedle (MN) technology has shown the possibility of highly local and minimally-invasive drug delivery to the eye by MN insertion through the sclera or the suprachoroidal space. Although ocular MN needs to be inserted through the sclera, there has been no systematic study to understand the mechanical properties of the sclera, which are important to design ocular MNs. In this study, we investigated a MN-based method to measure the puncture resistance and fracture toughness of the sclera. To reflect the conditions of MN insertion into the sclera, force-displacement curves obtained from MN-insertion tests were used to estimate the puncture resistance and fracture toughness of sclera tissue. To understand the effect of the insertion conditions, dependency of the mechanical properties on insertion speeds, pre-strain of the sclera, and MN sizes were analyzed and discussed. Measurement of mechanical property of soft biological tissue is challenging due to variations between tissue samples or lack of well-defined measurement techniques. Although non-invasive measurement techniques such as nano/micro indentation were employed to locally measure the elastic modulus of soft biological materials, mechanical properties such as puncture resistance or fracture toughness, which requires "invasive" measurement and is important for the application of "microneedles or hypodermic needles", has not been well studied. In this work, we report minimally-invasive measurement of puncture resistance and fracture toughness of sclera using a double MN insertion method. Parametric studies showed that use of MN proved to be advantageous because of minimally-invasive insertion into tissue as well as higher sensitivity to

  14. Minimal intervention dentistry: part 7. Minimally invasive operative caries management: rationale and techniques. (United States)

    Banerjee, A


    When patients present with cavities causing pain, poor aesthetics and/or functional problems restorations will need to be placed. Minimally invasive caries excavation strategies can be deployed depending on the patient's caries risk, lesion-pulp proximity and vitality, the extent of remaining supra-gingival tooth structure and clinical factors (for example, moisture control, access). Excavation instruments, including burs/handpieces, hand excavators, chemo-mechanical agents and/or air-abrasives limiting caries removal selectively to the more superficial caries-infected dentine and partial removal of caries-affected dentine when required, help create smaller cavities with healthy enamel/dentine margins. Using adhesive restorative materials the operator can, if handling with care, optimise the histological substrate coupled with the applied chemistry of the material so helping to form a durable peripheral seal and bond to aid retention of the restoration as well as arresting the carious process within the remaining tooth structure. Achieving a smooth tooth-restoration interface clinically to aid the cooperative, motivated patient in biofilm removal is an essential pre-requisite to prevent further secondary caries.

  15. Minimally invasive decompression and stabilization for the management of thoracolumbar spine metastasis. (United States)

    Zairi, Fahed; Arikat, Ala; Allaoui, Mohamed; Marinho, Paulo; Assaker, Richard


    Spinal metastasis with spinal cord involvement is a frequent complication in cancer patients. As the spinal compression frequently occurs ventrally, performing a simple posterior laminectomy alone is generally ineffective and dangerous. Many aggressive surgical strategies have been developed to improve outcomes for patients with metastatic spine disease. These strategies are associated with high morbidity and complication rates, especially in patients with numerous neoplasm-associated comorbidities, which can limit their indication in patients with a limited life expectancy. The authors performed a prospective evaluation of minimally invasive decompression and stabilization for the palliative management of symptomatic thoracolumbar spine metastasis. Ten patients with metastasis to the thoracolumbar spine and neurological compromise underwent minimally invasive transpedicular vertebrectomy and spinal cord decompression through a tubular expandable retractor. Percutaneous stabilization was also systematically performed to ensure spinal stability. No complications during the procedure were reported. The mean operative duration was 170 minutes and the mean estimated blood loss was 400 ml. The postoperative course of all patients was uneventful, with the exception of 1 benign urinary tract infection. Eight patients (80%) improved at least 1 Frankel grade. Minimally invasive treatment of thoracolumbar spine metastasis is a safe and effective palliative option in patients with limited life expectancy, to limit morbidity and preserve quality of life.

  16. Abducens nerve palsy as a postoperative complication of minimally invasive thoracic spine surgery: a case report. (United States)

    Sandon, Luiz Henrique Dias; Choi, Gun; Park, EunSoo; Lee, Hyung-Chang


    Thoracic disc surgeries make up only a small number of all spine surgeries performed, but they can have a considerable number of postoperative complications. Numerous approaches have been developed and studied in an attempt to reduce the morbidity associated with the procedure; however, we still encounter cases that develop serious and unexpected outcomes. This case report presents a patient with abducens nerve palsy after minimally invasive surgery for thoracic disc herniation with an intraoperative spinal fluid fistula. A literature review of all cases related to this complication after spine surgery is included. Despite the uncommon nature of this type of complication, understanding the procedure itself, the principle occurrences and outcomes following the procedure, the physiopathogical features of abducens nerve palsy, and the possible adverse effects of spinal surgery, including minimally invasive procedures, can enable an early diagnosis of complications and facilitate the procedure. In spite of being very rare and multifactorial, uni- or bilateral abducens nerve paralysis carries significant morbidity and can occur as a postoperative complication after conventional or minimally invasive spine surgery. This condition requires an accurate diagnosis and adequate multidisciplinary follow up.

  17. Outcomes of minimally invasive triple valve surgery performed via a right anterior thoracotomy approach. (United States)

    Elmahdy, Hany M; Nascimento, Francisco O; Santana, Orlando; Lamelas, Joseph


    The feasibility of minimally invasive triple valve surgery performed via a right anterior thoracotomy approach was evaluated. A retrospective analysis was conducted on all patients who underwent minimally invasive triple valve surgery via a right anterior thoracotomy approach at the authors' institution between December 2009 and February 2013. The operative times and intensive care unit and hospital lengths of stay, postoperative complications, and mortality were analyzed. Six patients (three males, three females; mean age 76.7 +/- 5.4 years) were identified. Five patients had a prosthetic aortic valve, and one patient had an aortic valve repaired by commissuroplasty. In four patients the mitral valve repair was effected with an annuloplasty ring, while in two patients a transaortic edge-to-edge mitral valve repair was performed. All patients had tricuspid valve repair with a ring annuloplasty. The median aortic cross-clamp time was 136 min (IQR: 119-188 min), and the median cardiopulmonary bypass time was 185 min (IQR: 145-231 min). The median intensive care unit and hospital lengths of stay were 62 h (IQR: 50-111 h) and 12 days (IQR: 7-23 days), respectively. There were no postoperative cerebrovascular accidents, myocardial infarctions or acute kidney injuries. Two patients developed post-surgical atrial fibrillation, and two died at 30 days postoperatively. In patients requiring triple valve surgery, a minimally invasive approach performed via a right anterior thoracotomy may be a feasible option in these high-risk patients.

  18. Electromyographic monitoring and its anatomical implications in minimally invasive spine surgery. (United States)

    Uribe, Juan S; Vale, Fernando L; Dakwar, Elias


    Literature review. The objective of this article is to examine current intraoperative electromyography (EMG) neurophysiologic monitoring methods and their application in minimally invasive techniques. We will also discuss the recent application of EMG and its anatomic implications to the minimally invasive lateral transpsoas approach to the spine. Minimally invasive techniques require that the same goals of surgery be achieved, with the hope of decreased morbidity to the patient. Unlike standard open procedures, direct visualization of the anatomy is decreased. To increase the safety of minimally invasive spine surgery, neurophysiological monitoring techniques have been developed. Review of the literature was performed using the National Center for Biotechnology Information databases using PUBMED/MEDLINE. All articles in the English language discussing the use of intraoperative EMG monitoring and minimally invasive spine surgery were reviewed. The role of EMG monitoring in special reference to the minimally invasive lateral transpsoas approach is also described. In total, 76 articles were identified that discussed the role of neuromonitoring in spine surgery. The majority of articles on EMG and spine surgery discuss the use of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IOM) for safe and accurate pedicle screw placement. In general, there is a paucity of literature that pertains to intraoperative EMG neuromonitoring and minimally invasive spine surgery. Recently, EMG has been used during minimally invasive lateral transpsoas approach to the lumbar spine for interbody fusion. The addition of EMG to the lateral approach has contributed to decrease the complication rate from 30% to less than 1%. In minimally invasive approaches to the spine, the use of EMG IOM might provide additional safety, such as percutaneous pedicle screw placement, where visualization is limited compared with conventional open procedures. In addition to knowledge of the anatomy and image

  19. Minimally Invasive Procedures - Direct and Video-Assisted Forms in the Treatment of Heart Diseases

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    Castro, Josué Viana Neto, E-mail: [Instituto do Coração do Nordeste (INCONE), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Melo, Emanuel Carvalho; Silva, Juliana Fernandes [Instituto do Coração do Nordeste (INCONE), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Rebouças, Leonardo Lemos; Corrêa, Larissa Chagas; Germano, Amanda de Queiroz [Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Machado, João José Aquino [Instituto do Coração do Nordeste (INCONE), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil)


    Minimally invasive cardiovascular procedures have been progressively used in heart surgery. To describe the techniques and immediate results of minimally invasive procedures in 5 years. Prospective and descriptive study in which 102 patients were submitted to minimally invasive procedures in direct and video-assisted forms. Clinical and surgical variables were evaluated as well as the in hospital follow-up of the patients. Fourteen patients were operated through the direct form and 88 through the video-assisted form. Between minimally invasive procedures in direct form, 13 had aortic valve disease. Between minimally invasive procedures in video-assisted forms, 43 had mitral valve disease, 41 atrial septal defect and four tumors. In relation to mitral valve disease, we replaced 26 and reconstructed 17 valves. Aortic clamp, extracorporeal and procedure times were, respectively, 91,6 ± 21,8, 112,7 ± 27,9 e 247,1 ± 20,3 minutes in minimally invasive procedures in direct form. Between minimally invasive procedures in video-assisted forms, 71,6 ± 29, 99,7 ± 32,6 e 226,1 ± 42,7 minutes. Considering intensive care and hospitalization times, these were 41,1 ± 14,7 hours and 4,6 ± 2 days in minimally invasive procedures in direct and 36,8 ± 16,3 hours and 4,3 ± 1,9 days in minimally invasive procedures in video-assisted forms procedures. Minimally invasive procedures were used in two forms - direct and video-assisted - with safety in the surgical treatment of video-assisted, atrial septal defect and tumors of the heart. These procedures seem to result in longer surgical variables. However, hospital recuperation was faster, independent of the access or pathology.

  20. Vertebroplastia percutânea: uma efetiva técnica cirúrgica minimamente invasiva Percutaneous vertebroplasty: an effective, minimally invasive surgical technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Gerardo Gómez Cordero


    ' experience at the Portuguese Hospital in Bahia, Brazil, with the percutaneous vertebroplasty, showing the clinical and radiographic evolution of the patients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the data of 25 patients with compression fracture of the vertebrae, five male and 25 female, ages ranging from 65 to 88 years, submitted to percutaneous vertebroplasty between 2003 and 2006. Results and complications were observed. Inclusion criteria were: intense pain in the spinal column with functional inability as a result of a frequent fracture; failure of the conservative treatment analgesic medication and physiotherapy and patients with clinical stability compatible with submission to anesthetic procedure. 22 of the patients had osteoporotic fractures, one had hemangioma, another had a fracture due to a lymphoma, and two had vertebral fracture due to multiple myeloma. Patients were followed weekly during the first month, and then at three month intervals for a minimum of 12 months and a maximum of 36 months after the percutaneous procedure. Evaluation of pain, daily life activities, and the need to take analgesic medication was performed by one of the authors, based on a subjective questionnaire previously prepared for that purpose. RESULTS: Excellent to good clinical results were seen in 23 patients (92% and regular to poor results were seen in two patients (8%. Deterioration due to complication was seen in one case. All patients (100% returned to their prior activities; four patients (16% changed the practice of their daily life activities. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a minimally invasive surgical technique that in our series had quick and meaningful pain relief and improvement in the quality of daily life activities of the patients submitted to this procedure.

  1. A novel simulation model for minimally invasive spine surgery. (United States)

    Walker, James B; Perkins, Eddie; Harkey, H Louis


    Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is among the fastest growing technologies in general neurosurgical practice. In addition, great demand exists to teach these skills to neurosurgery residents. With newly enforced work hour restrictions, opportunities to acquire these skills are limited, necessitating development of alternative strategies of education. We describe a novel simulation model for MISS supplemented by resident self-assessment analysis and evaluation. The simulator was constructed using a nontransparent Plexiglas frame supplemented with a modified halo frame on which to affix spine specimens. Interchangeable copper tubing was affixed to a 360-degree pivot system to replicate a working portal. Deer skulls and spines were then collected and prepared accordingly. Laboratory exercises were based on the resident's level of training with emphasis on proper drilling techniques. Eight neurosurgery residents were asked to complete the exercises and complete a self-assessment survey regarding their competence level on a scale of 0 to 5, both before and after completing the skill sets. Additionally, they were asked to complete an exit survey that was used to assess the simulation exercises. All exercises were completed successfully with the exception of placing 2 separate pedicle screws through the same portal, which posed difficulty on some specimens because of the of lack of lordosis of the specimens, leading to unfavorable trajectories using a free-hand technique. With regard to the resident self-assessment analysis, the mean confidence rating for performing an MISS laminectomy improved by a difference of 1.25 points (n = 8; 95% confidence interval, 0.66-1.84; P = 0.0015), from 2.50 to 3.75 before and after simulation exercises, respectively, and reached statistical significance. For the senior-level residents, the mean confidence rating for performing MISS placement of pedicle screws using a free-hand technique improved by a difference of 1.00 (n = 3; 95

  2. Minimally invasive prostate cancer detection test using FISH probes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tinawi-Aljundi R


    Full Text Available Rima Tinawi-Aljundi,1 Shannon T Knuth,2 Michael Gildea,2 Joshua Khal,2 Jason Hafron,1 Kenneth Kernen,1 Robert Di Loreto,1 Joan Aurich-Costa2 1Pathology and Research Department, Michigan Institute of Urology, St Clair Shores, MI, USA; 2Research and Development, Cellay, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA Purpose: The ability to test for and detect prostate cancer with minimal invasiveness has the potential to reduce unnecessary prostate biopsies. This study was conducted as part of a clinical investigation for the development of an OligoFISH® probe panel for more accurate detection of prostate cancer.Materials and methods: One hundred eligible male patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound biopsies were enrolled in the study. After undergoing digital rectal examination with pressure, voided urine was collected in sufficient volume to prepare at least two slides using ThinPrep. Probe panels were tested on the slides, and 500 cells were scored when possible. From the 100 patients recruited, 85 had more than 300 cells scored and were included in the clinical performance calculations.Results: Chromosomes Y, 7, 10, 20, 6, 8, 16, and 18 were polysomic in most prostate carcinoma cases. Of these eight chromosomes, chromosomes 7, 16, 18, and 20 were identified as having the highest clinical performance as a fluorescence in situ hybridization test and used to manufacture the fluorescence in situ hybridization probe panels. The OligoFISH® probes performed with 100% analytical specificity. When the OligoFISH® probes were compared with the biopsy results for each individual, the test results highly correlated with positive and negative prostate biopsy pathology findings, supporting their high specificity and accuracy. Probes for chromosomes 7, 16, 18, and 20 showed in the receiver operator characteristics analysis an area under the curve of 0.83, with an accuracy of 81% in predicting the biopsy result.Conclusion: This investigation demonstrates the ease of use

  3. Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis for humerus diaphyseal fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Shantharam Shetty


    Full Text Available Background: Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO technique is reported as a satisfactory procedure for the treatment of humeral shaft fractures by the anterior approach by several authors. However, none of the published reports had a significant follow-up nor have they reported patient outcomes. We evaluated the clinical, radiographic, and functional outcome over a minimum follow-up of 2 years using the same MIPO technique to humeral shaft fracture. Materials and Methods: 32 adult patients with diaphyseal fractures of the humerus treated with MIPO between June 2007 and October 2008 were included in the study. Patients with metabolic bone disease, polytrauma, and Gustilo and Anderson type 3 open fractures with injury severity score >16 were excluded from the study. All cases were treated with closed indirect reduction and locking plate fixation using the MIPO technique. The surgery time, radiation exposure, and time for union was noted. The shoulder and elbow function was assessed using the UCLA shoulder and Mayo elbow performance scores, respectively. Results: Of the 32 patients in the study, 19 were males and 13 were females. The mean age was 39 years (range: 22-70 years. Twenty-seven of the thirty-two patients (84.3% had the dominant side fractured. We had eight cases of C2 type; five cases of C1 and A2 type; four cases of B2 type; three cases each of B3, B1, and A1 type; and one case of A3 type of fracture. The mean surgical time was 91.5 minutes (range: 70-120 minutes and mean radiation exposure was 160.3 seconds (range: 100-220 seconds. The mean radiological fracture union time was 12.9 weeks (range: 10-20 weeks. Shoulder function was excellent in 27 cases (84.3% and good in remaining 5 cases (15.6% on the UCLA score. Elbow function was excellent in 26 cases (81.2%, good in 5 cases (15.6%, and fair in 1 case (3.1% who had an associated olecranon fracture that was fixed by tension band wire in the same sitting. Conclusion: MIPO of

  4. Learning from our mistakes: minimizing problems with invasive biofuel plants

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Richardson, DM


    Full Text Available One of the environmental concerns associated with producing biofuels from alien plants is the risk of these species becoming invasive. We explored whether insights from commercial forestry and agroforestry could inform strategies to reduce future...

  5. Minimally invasive spine surgery in lumbar spondylodiscitis: a retrospective single-center analysis of 67 cases. (United States)

    Tschugg, Anja; Hartmann, Sebastian; Lener, Sara; Rietzler, Andreas; Sabrina, Neururer; Thomé, Claudius


    Minimally invasive surgical techniques have been developed to minimize tissue damage, reduce narcotic requirements, decrease blood loss, and, therefore, potentially avoid prolonged immobilization. Thus, the purpose of the present retrospective study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a minimally invasive posterior approach with transforaminal lumbar interbody debridement and fusion plus pedicle screw fixation in lumbar spondylodiscitis in comparison to an open surgical approach. Furthermore, treatment decisions based on the patient´s preoperative condition were analyzed. 67 patients with lumbar spondylodiscitis treated at our department were included in this retrospective analysis. The patients were categorized into two groups based on the surgical procedure: group (MIS) minimally invasive lumbar spinal fusion (n = 19); group (OPEN) open lumbar spinal fusion (n = 48). Evaluation included radiological parameters on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), laboratory values, and clinical outcome. Preoperative MRI showed higher rates of paraspinal abscess (35.5 vs. 5.6%; p = 0.016) and multilocular location in the OPEN group (20 vs. 0%, p = 0.014). Overall pain at discharge was less in the MIS group: NRS 2.4 ± 1 vs. NRS 1.6 ± 1 (p = 0.036). The duration of hospital stay was longer in the OPEN than the MIS group (19.1 ± 12 days vs. 13.7 ± 5 days, p = 0.018). The open technique is effective in all varieties of spondylodiscitis inclusive in epidural abscess formation. MIS can be applied safely and effectively as well in selected cases, even with epidural abscess.

  6. VIRTOPSY: minimally invasive, imaging-guided virtual autopsy. (United States)

    Dirnhofer, Richard; Jackowski, Christian; Vock, Peter; Potter, Kimberlee; Thali, Michael J


    Invasive "body-opening" autopsy represents the traditional means of postmortem investigation in humans. However, modern cross-sectional imaging techniques can supplement and may even partially replace traditional autopsy. Computed tomography (CT) is the imaging modality of choice for two- and three-dimensional documentation and analysis of autopsy findings including fracture systems, pathologic gas collections (eg, air embolism, subcutaneous emphysema after trauma, hyperbaric trauma, decomposition effects), and gross tissue injury. Various postprocessing techniques can provide strong forensic evidence for use in legal proceedings. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has had a greater impact in demonstrating soft-tissue injury, organ trauma, and nontraumatic conditions. However, the differences in morphologic features and signal intensity characteristics seen at antemortem versus postmortem MR imaging have not yet been studied systematically. The documentation and analysis of postmortem findings with CT and MR imaging and postprocessing techniques ("virtopsy") is investigator independent, objective, and noninvasive and will lead to qualitative improvements in forensic pathologic investigation. Future applications of this approach include the assessment of morbidity and mortality in the general population and, perhaps, routine screening of bodies prior to burial. Copyright RSNA, 2006.

  7. Minimally invasive abdominal cerclage compared to laparotomy: a comparison of surgical and obstetric outcomes. (United States)

    Kim, Soorin; Hill, Amanda; Menderes, Gulden; Cross, Sarah; Azodi, Masoud; Bahtiyar, Mert Ozan


    The objective of this study is to report surgical and obstetric outcomes of patients following abdominal cerclage placement through either minimally invasive or open techniques. Subjects of this retrospective cohort study were patients at two referral centers specializing in high-risk pregnancy and minimally invasive gynecologic surgery. Electronic medical records of all patients who underwent abdominal cerclage placement between December 2011 and December 2015 at Yale New Haven Hospital and Bridgeport Hospital were reviewed. The patients included were women who underwent abdominal cerclage placement either during pregnancy or prior to conception. One cohort of women had their abdominal cerclage placed using traditional laparoscopy or robotic-assisted laparoscopy. The other cohort consisted of women whose abdominal cerclage was placed through laparotomy. Electronic medical charts were reviewed to collect baseline demographic and pre-procedure obstetric information, as well as surgical and subsequent obstetric outcomes. Eleven minimally invasive and nine open abdominal cerclages were performed during the study period. Seven of the minimally invasive and two open cerclages were done outside of pregnancy. Average operative time was longer in the minimally invasive cohort. Estimated blood loss was typically lower in the minimally invasive group. Length of hospital stay was shorter in the minimally invasive group. Obstetric outcomes were similar between the two cohorts, with a total of nine live births in the minimally invasive group and seven live births in the open group. Minimally invasive abdominal cerclage is a safe alternative when performed by a surgeon with appropriate training and technical skills, and obstetric outcomes are comparable to those after open abdominal cerclage.

  8. Minimally invasive techniques for epilepsy surgery: stereotactic radiosurgery and other technologies. (United States)

    Quigg, Mark; Harden, Cynthia


    Minimally invasive surgical techniques for the treatment of medically intractable epilepsy, which have been developed by neurosurgeons and epileptologists almost simultaneously with standard open epilepsy surgery, provide benefits in the traditional realms of safety and efficacy and the more recently appreciated realms of patient acceptance and costs. In this review, the authors discuss the shortcomings of the gold standard of open epilepsy surgery and summarize the techniques developed to provide minimally invasive alternatives. These minimally invasive techniques include stereotactic radiosurgery using the Gamma Knife, stereotactic radiofrequency thermocoagulation, laser-induced thermal therapy, and MRI-guided focused ultrasound ablation.

  9. Minimally Invasive Thoracic Corpectomy: Surgical Strategies for Malignancy, Trauma, and Complex Spinal Pathologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohan R. Lall


    Full Text Available The rapid expansion of minimally invasive techniques for corpectomy in the thoracic spine provides promise to redefine treatment options in this region. Techniques have evolved permitting anterior, lateral, posterolateral, and midline posterior corpectomy in a minimally invasive fashion. We review the numerous techniques that have been described, including thoracoscopy, tubular retraction, and various instrumentation techniques. Minimally invasive techniques are compared to their open predecessors from a technical and complication standpoint. Advantages and disadvantages of different approaches are also considered, with an emphasis on surgical strategies and nuance.

  10. A Potential Solution to Minimally Invasive Device for Oral Surgery: Evaluation of Surgical Outcomes in Rat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keng-Liang Ou


    Full Text Available The objective of the present research was to investigate the thermal injury in the brain after minimally invasive electrosurgery using instruments with copper-doped diamond-like carbon (DLC-Cu surface coating. The surface morphologies of DLC-Cu thin films were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Three-dimensional brain models were reconstructed using magnetic resonance imaging to simulate the electrosurgical operation. In adult rats, a monopolar electrosurgical instrument coated with the DLC-Cu thin film was used to generate lesions in the brain. Animals were sacrificed for evaluations on postoperative days 0, 2, 7, and 28. Data indicated that the temperature decreased significantly when minimally invasive electrosurgical instruments with nanostructure DLC-Cu thin films were used and continued to decrease with increasing film thickness. On the other hand, the DLC-Cu-treated device created a relatively small thermal injury area and lateral thermal effect in the brain tissues. These results indicated that the DLC-Cu thin film minimized excessive thermal injury and uniformly distributed the temperature in the brain. Taken together, our study results suggest that the DLC-Cu film on copper electrode substrates is an effective means for improving the performance of electrosurgical instruments.

  11. Minimally Invasive Mapping Guided Surgical Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation. Utopia or Near Future?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas J. van Brakel


    Full Text Available Isolation of the pulmonary veins has been used as surgical treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF from the early 90s, as it was incorporated in the Maze procedure. With the evidence that triggers form this area can induce AF, the Maze III procedure has been adapted and modified towards a single lesion around the pulmonary veins for the treatment of paroxysmal and chronic AF in some centers. New ablation techniques with a diversity of energy sources further paved the way for less invasive procedures. Minimal invasive techniques to prevent major surgery may potentially make the treatment available for a patient population that does not have to undergo cardiac surgery for other reasons. Besides these technical developments, high density mapping can be used to identify the AF substrate in the individual patient and optimization of the treatment by local substrate guided ablation. This review aims to summarize the robotic and thoracoscopic techniques to isolate the pulmonary veins. Furthermore, it is discussed why pulmonary veins isolation may be effective in patients with chronic AF, and whether there is a role for mapping guided minimal invasive surgical treatment of AF in the near future.

  12. Factors Influencing the Adoption of Minimally Invasive Surgery

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Invasive Surgery. Danson Mwaniki Muchiri, George Odhiambo Otieno, Dominic Charles Okero. School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Kenya Methodist University. Correspondence to: Mr. Danson ... Surgical site infections which further lead to high bed occupancies and higher .... abdominal approaches (10). Pre-existing ...

  13. Steering and Harvesting Technology for Minimally Invasive Biopsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jelínek, F.


    Contemporary medical imaging technologies, such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, play a pivotal role in medical diagnosis, allowing for a relatively fast and non-invasive examination of the human body. In the field of cancer surgery they allow for preoperative detection of

  14. Looped Penrose Drain for Minimally Invasive Treatment of Complex Superficial Abscesses of the Hand (United States)

    Ugrinich, Marija; Chang, Benjamin


    Complex superficial abscesses are a common occurrence that traditionally have been treated by making relatively large incisions over the surface of the abscess, in order to ensure drainage and access for packing and dressing changes. The authors outline a minimally invasive technique that can be used for draining complex subcutaneous abscesses that extend over a large surface area. It is a simple technique utilizing multiple small incisions and looped penrose drains. This technique has been found to be very effective in many areas of the body and has multiple advantages over traditional incision, drainage, gauze packing, and dressing changes. PMID:19921343

  15. Minimally Invasive Ablative Therapies for Definitive Treatment of Localized Prostate Cancer in the Primary Setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene W. Lee


    Full Text Available Traditionally, the patient with a new diagnosis of localized prostate cancer faces either radical therapy, in the form of surgery or radiation, or active surveillance. A growing subset of these men may not be willing to accept the psychological burden of active surveillance nor the side effects of extirpative or radiation therapy. Local ablative therapies including cryotherapy, high-intensity focused ultrasound, and vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy have emerged as a means for minimally invasive definitive treatment. These treatments are well tolerated with decreased morbidity in association with improvements in technology; however, long-term oncologic efficacy remains to be determined.

  16. Minimally invasive procedures for the management of vertebral bone pain due to cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mercadante, Sebastiano; Klepstad, Pål; Kurita, Geana Paula


    BACKGROUND: Image-guided percutaneous ablation methods have proved effective for treatment of benign bone tumors and for palliation of metastases involving the bone. However, the role of these techniques is controversial and has to be better defined in the setting of palliative care. METHODS......: A systematic review of the existing data regarding minimally invasive techniques for the pain management of vertebral bone metastases was performed by experts of the European Palliative Care Research Network. RESULTS: Only five papers were taken into consideration after performing rigorous screening according...... favors the use of these procedures in a small select cohort of patients with severe and disabling back pain refractory to medical therapy....

  17. A modified minimally invasive technique for the surgical management of large trichobezoars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amit Javed


    Full Text Available Background: Trichobezoar which were traditionally managed by open surgical retrieval are now often managed by minimally invasive surgical approach. Removal of a large trichobezoar by laparoscopy, however, needs an incision (usually 4-5 cm in size for specimen removal and has the risk of intra-peritoneal spillage of hair and inspissated secretions. Materials and Methods : The present paper describes a modified laparoscopy-assisted technique with temporary gastrocutaneopexy for the effective removal of a large trichobezoar using a camera port and a 4-5 cm incision (which is similar to that needed for specimen removal during laparoscopy. Results: Three patients with large trichobezoar were managed with the described technique. The average duration of surgery was 45 (30-60 min and the intraoperative blood loss was minimal. There was no peritoneal spillage and the trichobezoar could be retrieved through a 4-5 cm incision in all patients. All had an uneventful recovery and at a median followup of 6 months had excellent cosmetic and functional results. Conclusion: The described technique is a minimally invasive alternative for trichobezoar removal. There is no risk of peritoneal contamination and the technical ease and short operative time in addition to an incision limited to size required for the specimen removal, makes it an attractive option.

  18. Patient recollection of airway suctioning in the ICU : routine versus a minimally invasive procedure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van de Leur, JP; Zwaveling, JH; Loef, BG; Van der Schans, CP

    Objective: Many patients have an unpleasant recollection of routine endotracheal suctioning after discharge from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). We hypothesized that through minimally invasive airway suctioning discomfort and stress may be prevented, resulting in less recollection. Design: A

  19. Comparative Review of Endoscopic Devices Articulations Technologies Developed for Minimally Invasive Medical Procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Catherine


    Full Text Available This study introduces a comparative performance analysis of the technological solutions that have been used to build distal active articulations for minimally invasive medical procedures. The aim is to provide a practical and concise database and classification tool for anyone that wants to learn more about the technologies involved in minimally invasive medical devices, or for any designer interested in further improving these devices. A review of the different articulations developed in this field is therefore performed and organized by both actuation technology and structural architecture. Details are presented concerning the mechanical structures as well as the actuation and the mechanical transmission technologies available. The solutions are evaluated keeping as a reference some chosen required performances and characteristics for minimally invasive surgical procedures. Finally, a quantified comparison chart of these devices is given regarding selected criteria of interest for minimally invasive surgical application.

  20. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion Results of 23 consecutive cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amit Jhala


    Conclusion: The study demonstrates a good clinicoradiological outcome of minimally invasive TLIF. It is also superior in terms of postoperative back pain, blood loss, hospital stay, recovery time as well as medication use.

  1. Finding balance between minimally invasive surgery and laryngotracheal resection in the management of adult laryngotracheal stenosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Halmos, Gyorgy B.; Schuiringa, Frederique S. A. M.; Palinko, Dora; van der Laan, Tom P.; Dikkers, Frederik G.

    Management of adult laryngotracheal stenosis is complex and several treatment options are known. The present study focuses on finding the right balance between minimally invasive surgery and laryngotracheal resection by reviewing a single institution's experiences. Retrospective analysis was

  2. Minimally invasive versus open distal pancreatectomy (LEOPARD): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rooij, T. de; Hilst, J. van; Vogel, J.A.; Santvoort, H.C. van; Boer, M.T. De; Boerma, D.; Boezem, P.B. van den; Bonsing, B.A.; Bosscha, K.; Coene, P.P.; Daams, F.; Dam, R.M. van; Dijkgraaf, M.G.; Eijck, C.H. van; Festen, S.; Gerhards, M.F.; Groot Koerkamp, B.; Hagendoorn, J.; Harst, E. van der; Hingh, I.H. de; Dejong, C.H.; Kazemier, G.; Klaase, J.; Kleine, R.H. de; Laarhoven, C.J.H.M. van; Lips, D.J.; Luyer, M.D.; Molenaar, I.Q.; Nieuwenhuijs, V.B.; Patijn, G.A.; Roos, D.; Scheepers, J.J.; Schelling, G.P. van der; Steenvoorde, P.; Swijnenburg, R.J.; Wijsman, J.H.; Hilal, M. Abu; Busch, O.R.; Besselink, M.G.


    BACKGROUND: Observational cohort studies have suggested that minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) is associated with better short-term outcomes compared with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP), such as less intraoperative blood loss, lower morbidity, shorter length of hospital stay, and

  3. Minimally invasive versus open distal pancreatectomy (LEOPARD): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. de Rooij (Thijs); van Hilst, J. (Jony); J.A. Vogel (Jantien A.); van Santvoort, H.C. (Hjalmar C.); M.T. de Boer (Marieke); D. Boerma (Djamila); P.B. van den Boezem; B.A. Bonsing (Bert); K. Bosscha (Koop); P-P. Coene (Peter Paul); F. Daams (Freek); R. van Dam (Ronald); M.G.W. Dijkgraaf (Marcel); C.H.J. van Eijck (Casper); S. Festen; M.F. Gerhards (Michael); B. Groot Koerkamp (Bas); J. Hagendoorn (Jeroen); E. van der Harst (Erwin); I.H.J.T. de Hingh (Ignace); C.H. Dejong (Cees); G. Kazemier (Geert); J.M. Klaase (Joost); R.H.J. de Kleine (Ruben); C.J. van Laarhoven (Cees); D.J. Lips; M. Luyer (Misha); I.Q. Molenaar (I. Quintus); V.B. Nieuwenhuijs (Vincent); G.A. Patijn (Gijs A.); Roos, D. (Daphne); J.J. Scheepers (Joris J.); G. van der Schelling; Steenvoorde, P. (Pascal); Swijnenburg, R.-J. (Rutger-Jan); J.H.H. Wijsman (Jan); M. Abu Hilal; O.R.C. Busch (Olivier); M.G. Besselink (Marc)


    textabstractBackground: Observational cohort studies have suggested that minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) is associated with better short-term outcomes compared with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP), such as less intraoperative blood loss, lower morbidity, shorter length of hospital

  4. Minimally invasive versus open distal pancreatectomy (LEOPARD) : Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Rooij, Thijs; van Hilst, Jony; Vogel, Jantien A.; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C.; de Boer, Marieke T.; Boerma, Djamila; van den Boezem, Peter B.; Bonsing, Bert A.; Bosscha, Koop; Coene, Peter-Paul; Daams, Freek; van Dam, Ronald M.; Dijkgraaf, Marcel G.; van Eijck, Casper H.; Festen, Sebastiaan; Gerhards, Michael F.; Koerkamp, Bas Groot; Hagendoorn, Jeroen; van der Harst, Erwin; de Hingh, Ignace H.; Dejong, Cees H.; Kazemier, Geert; Klaase, Joost; de Kleine, Ruben H.; van Laarhoven, Cornelis J.; Lips, Daan J.; Luyer, Misha D.; Molenaar, I. Quintus; Nieuwenhuijs, Vincent B.; Patijn, Gijs A.; Roos, Daphne; Scheepers, Joris J.; van der Schelling, George P.; Steenvoorde, Pascal; Swijnenburg, Rutger-Jan; Wijsman, Jan H.; Abu Hilal, Moh'd; Busch, Olivier R.; Besselink, Marc G.


    Background: Observational cohort studies have suggested that minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) is associated with better short-term outcomes compared with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP), such as less intraoperative blood loss, lower morbidity, shorter length of hospital stay, and

  5. Minimally invasive versus open distal pancreatectomy (LEOPARD) : study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Rooij, Thijs; van Hilst, Jony; Vogel, Jantien A; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C; de Boer, Marieke T.; Boerma, Djamila; van den Boezem, Peter B.; Bonsing, Bert A.; Bosscha, Koop; Coene, Peter-Paul; Daams, Freek; van Dam, Ronald M.; Dijkgraaf, Marcel G. W.; van Eijck, Casper H.; Festen, Sebastiaan; Gerhards, Michael F.; Groot Koerkamp, Bas; Hagendoorn, Jeroen; van der Harst, Erwin; de Hingh, Ignace H.; Dejong, Cees H.; Kazemier, Geert; Klaase, Joost M.; de Kleine, Ruben H J; van Laarhoven, Cornelis J.; Lips, Daan J.; Luyer, Misha Dp; Molenaar, I Quintus; Nieuwenhuijs, Vincent B.; Patijn, Gijs A.; Roos, Daphne; Scheepers, Joris Jg; Van Der Schelling, George P.; Steenvoorde, Pascal; Swijnenburg, Rutger-Jan; Wijsman, Jan H; Abu Hilal, Moh'd; Busch, Olivier R C; Besselink, Marc G H


    BACKGROUND: Observational cohort studies have suggested that minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) is associated with better short-term outcomes compared with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP), such as less intraoperative blood loss, lower morbidity, shorter length of hospital stay, and

  6. GPU-based RFA simulation for minimally invasive cancer treatment of liver tumours

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mariappan, P.; Weir, P.; Flanagan, R.; Voglreiter, P.; Alhonnoro, T.; Pollari, M.; Moche, M.; Busse, H.; Futterer, J.J.; Portugaller, H.R.; Sequeiros, R.B.; Kolesnik, M.


    PURPOSE: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is one of the most popular and well-standardized minimally invasive cancer treatments (MICT) for liver tumours, employed where surgical resection has been contraindicated. Less-experienced interventional radiologists (IRs) require an appropriate planning tool

  7. Use of Minimally Invasive Distal Metatarsal Osteotomy for Correction of Hallux Valgus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun-Kit Tong


    Conclusion: Good clinical and radiographic results have been achieved with minimally invasive techniques for treatment of hallux valgus. This is an acceptable alternative operation for mild-to-moderate hallux valgus.

  8. [Improved minimally invasive DHS internal fixation for old age patients with intertrochanteric fractures]. (United States)

    Zhang, Wei-hong; Zhang, Jun-bo


    To discuss the improved minimally invasive DHS fixation for treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in aged and the influence on the lateral wall of the femoral. From January 2005 to December 2010,480 aged patients with intertrochanteric fractures were treated by modified minimally invasive DHS fixation. There were 21 males and 268 females,with an average age of 78.3 years old ranging from 60 to 103 years. Aaccording to the Evans type,there were 166 cases of type 1,212 of type II , 86 of type 111, 16 of type IV, among them 46 cases had the dangerous fractures of the lateral wall. The incision length,blood loss volume,time from extending surgical incision in the side panel to close and postoperative complications were observed and recorded. At 1 month, 3 and 6 months after operation,the patients were followed-up,the outcome were evaluated according to the imaging evaluation index and clinical effect assessment indexes. The surgical incision length averaged (8.0+/-1.2) cm, peri-operative bleeding averaged (150.0+/-6.4) ml,time from extending the incision in the operation to close incision averaged (22.0+/-1.3) min, 1 case had postoperative rupture of the external wall, and 3 cases had tension screw cut out in the femoral head,4 cases had excessive shrink back. Postoperative 6 months basic daily living skills (BADL) averaged (14.8+/-1.1) scores, and the ability of walk averaged (6.40+/-0.34) scores. Improved minimally invasive DHS fixation for treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in aged had advantages of small trauma surgery,short wound exposure time, less peri-operative bleeding and the integrity of the lateral wall after operation, the basic daily living skills and ability to walk has an ideal recovery activities, satisfied clinical curative effect.

  9. Intrathecal Versus Intravenous Morphine in Minimally Invasive Posterior Lumbar Fusion: A Blinded Randomized Comparative Prospective Study. (United States)

    Araimo Morselli, Fabio Silvio Mario; Zuccarini, Francesco; Caporlingua, Federico; Scarpa, Ilaria; Imperiale, Carmela; Caporlingua, Alessandro; De Biase, Lorenzo; Tordiglione, Paolo


    A blinded, randomized, comparative prospective study. The aim of this study was to compare the use of intrathecal morphine to endovenous morphine on postoperative pain after posterior lumbar surgery. Intrathecal morphine can provide significant safe analgesia for at least 12 hours and up to 24 hours in patients undergoing major surgery. Its dosages have been decreasing in the last 30 years, but currently, the optimal dose remains unknown. As of today, there are no studies comparing the efficacy and the side effects of this technique with intravenous morphine administration after minimally invasive lumbar fusion surgery. We randomized and compared two groups of 25 patients, who were given either 100 μg intrathecal (ITM group) or 5 ± 2 mg intravenous morphine delivered intravenously for 24 hours at 2 mL/h (IVM group) after minimally invasive posterior lumbar fusion. VAS score at 0, 6, 12, 24 hours, mobilization out of bed at 6 hours, hospitalization duration and complications as lower limbs paresthesia, urinary retention at 6 and 12 hours, nausea, vomit, itch, and constipation were evaluated. Data showed a lower VAS score, a reduction of constipation, lower limbs paresthesia, or urinary retention at 12 hours in ITM rather than in the IVM group. None suffered of vomit, itch, or nausea in both groups. Urinary retention was observed more frequently in ITM group at 6 hours. Patients of ITM group were mobilized out bed earlier than those from IVM group. A low dosage of intrathecal morphine is safe and effective after minimally invasive lumbar fusion surgery. The reduction of pain in the study group permitted a shorter hospitalization and earlier mobilization out of bed, augmenting patients' comfort. 2.

  10. Outcomes of minimally invasive surgery for early gastric cancer are comparable with those for open surgery: analysis of 1,013 minimally invasive surgeries at a single institution. (United States)

    Oh, Seung-Young; Kwon, Sebastianus; Lee, Kyung-Goo; Suh, Yun-Suhk; Choe, Hwi-Nyeong; Kong, Seong-Ho; Lee, Hyuk-Joon; Kim, Woo Ho; Yang, Han-Kwang


    This study aimed to compare the short- and long-term results of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and open surgery for primary early gastric cancer (EGC) at a single high-volume institution. The clinicopathologic and survival data of primary gastric cancer patients who underwent a minimally invasive radical gastrectomy at Seoul National University Hospital from December 2003 to January 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. For comparison of short-term outcomes, the data for 1,112 patients who underwent a radical open gastrectomy from 2007 to 2011 were collected. For long-term outcome analysis, the data for 962 patients who underwent a radical open gastrectomy from 2004 to 2006 were collected. Because the application of MIS was limited to suspected EGC, the control groups were similarly limited to patients deemed to have EGC as shown by preoperative endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasound, or both. The review of our database identified 1,013 patients who had undergone MIS for gastric cancer. In the short-term outcome analysis, the MIS group showed statistically better results than the open surgery group in terms of postoperative hospital stay (8.7 vs. 11.3 days; p analysis of total gastrectomy, the local complication rate was much higher in the MIS group than in the open surgery group. Both uni- and multivariate analyses showed that not only the surgical approach but also age, chronic liver disease, chronic renal disease, and additional organ resection had significant effects on complications. In the long-term outcome analysis, the two groups showed comparable disease-free survival rates. The use of MIS for EGC showed a shorter operation time, a shorter postoperative hospital stay, and a lower overall complication rate than open surgery but a comparable disease-free survival rate. Total gastrectomy in the MIS group was associated with a higher complication rate than in the open group. Therefore, a new stable surgical technique needs to be established.

  11. Minimally Invasive Surgical Approach to Distal Fibula Fractures: A Technique Tip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tyler A. Gonzalez


    Full Text Available Wound complications following ankle fracture surgery are a major concern. Through the use of minimally invasive surgical techniques some of these complications can be mitigated. Recent investigations have reported on percutaneous fixation of distal fibula fractures demonstrating similar radiographic and functional outcomes to traditional open approaches. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe in detail the minimally invasive surgical approach for distal fibula fractures.

  12. Perioperative Anaesthesia Management During Minimally Invasive Surgery in Patients with Aortic Valve Diseases


    Lafci A; Gunaydin S; Gokcinar D; Gunertem E; Gogus N


    Objective: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement is a common procedures in practice. Our aim is to present our experiences on our anaesthesia applications during these operations. Methods: Upon the approval of the Hospital Ethics Committee, data of the patients that underwent minimal invasive aortic valve surgery between 1 January 2017 and 31 August 2017 were analysed retrospectively. Recorded details were age, gender, Body Mass Index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) c...

  13. Minimizing Risks of Invasive Alien Plant Species in Tropical Production Forest Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Padmanaba


    Full Text Available Timber production is the most pervasive human impact on tropical forests, but studies of logging impacts have largely focused on timber species and vertebrates. This review focuses on the risk from invasive alien plant species, which has been frequently neglected in production forest management in the tropics. Our literature search resulted in 114 publications with relevant information, including books, book chapters, reports and papers. Examples of both invasions by aliens into tropical production forests and plantation forests as sources of invasions are presented. We discuss species traits and processes affecting spread and invasion, and silvicultural practices that favor invasions. We also highlight potential impacts of invasive plant species and discuss options for managing them in production forests. We suggest that future forestry practices need to reduce the risks of plant invasions by conducting surveillance for invasive species; minimizing canopy opening during harvesting; encouraging rapid canopy closure in plantations; minimizing the width of access roads; and ensuring that vehicles and other equipment are not transporting seeds of invasive species. Potential invasive species should not be planted within dispersal range of production forests. In invasive species management, forewarned is forearmed.

  14. Comparison of Minimally and More Invasive Methods of Determining Mixed Venous Oxygen Saturation. (United States)

    Smit, Marli; Levin, Andrew I; Coetzee, Johan F


    To investigate the accuracy of a minimally invasive, 2-step, lookup method for determining mixed venous oxygen saturation compared with conventional techniques. Single-center, prospective, nonrandomized, pilot study. Tertiary care hospital, university setting. Thirteen elective cardiac and vascular surgery patients. All participants received intra-arterial and pulmonary artery catheters. Minimally invasive oxygen consumption and cardiac output were measured using a metabolic module and lithium-calibrated arterial waveform analysis (LiDCO; LiDCO, London), respectively. For the minimally invasive method, Step 1 involved these minimally invasive measurements, and arterial oxygen content was entered into the Fick equation to calculate mixed venous oxygen content. Step 2 used an oxyhemoglobin curve spreadsheet to look up mixed venous oxygen saturation from the calculated mixed venous oxygen content. The conventional "invasive" technique used pulmonary artery intermittent thermodilution cardiac output, direct sampling of mixed venous and arterial blood, and the "reverse-Fick" method of calculating oxygen consumption. LiDCO overestimated thermodilution cardiac output by 26%. Pulmonary artery catheter-derived oxygen consumption underestimated metabolic module measurements by 27%. Mixed venous oxygen saturation differed between techniques; the calculated values underestimated the direct measurements by between 12% to 26.3%, this difference being statistically significant. The magnitude of the differences between the minimally invasive and invasive techniques was too great for the former to act as a surrogate of the latter and could adversely affect clinical decision making. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.



    GALVÃO-NETO,Manoel dos Passos; GRECCO,Eduardo; de Souza, Thiago Ferreira; Luiz Gustavo de QUADROS; SILVA, Lyz Bezerra; CAMPOS, Josemberg Marins


    ABSTRACT Background: Less invasive and complex procedures have been developed to treat obesity. The successful use of Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty using OverStitch(r) (Apollo Endosurgery, Austin, Texas, USA) has been reported in the literature. Aim: Present technical details of the procedure and its surgical/ endoscopic preliminary outcome. Method: The device was used to perform plications along the greater curvature of the stomach, creating a tubulization similar to a sleeve gastrect...

  16. Radio-guided minimally invasive parathyroidectomy under local

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    temps d'operation, les succes de la normocalcémie post opératoire et la morbidité périopératoire. ... rarely, parathyroid carcinoma.1 The classic operation for primary hyperparathyroidism consists ..... Radar-guzzler mini/milky invasive pmut/zvruidr'r'tu/ny under 10ml anesthesia - ANSI/ll Alfudda 8! al hyperparathyroidism: an ...

  17. Minimally invasive surgery for paediatric inflammatory bowel disease: Personal experience and literature review (United States)

    Pini-Prato, Alessio; Faticato, Maria Grazia; Barabino, Arrigo; Arrigo, Serena; Gandullia, Paolo; Mazzola, Cinzia; Disma, Nicola; Montobbio, Giovanni; Mattioli, Girolamo


    The incidence of paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD) has dramatically increased in the last 20 years. Although first reported in mid 1970s’, diagnostic laparoscopy has started to be routinely adopted in paediatric surgical practice since late 1990s’. Minimally invasive surgery was first limited to diagnostic purposes. After 2002 it was also applied to the radical treatment of PIBD, either Crohn’s disease (CD) or Ulcerative colitis. During the last decade minimally invasive approaches to PIBD have gained popularity and have recently became the “gold standard” for the treatment of such invalidating and troublesome chronic diseases. The authors describe and track the historical evolution of minimally invasive surgery for PIBD and address all available opportunities, including most recent advancements such as robotic surgery, single port approaches and minimally invasive treatment of perianal fistulising CD. A systematic review of all series of PIBD treated with minimally invasive approaches published so far is provided in order to determine the incidence and type of patients’ complications reported up to present days. The authors also describe their experience with minimally invasive surgery for PIBD and will report the results of 104 laparoscopic procedures performed in a series of 61 patients between January 2006 and December 2014. PMID:26525138

  18. [Case-control studies on therapeutic effects of combined methods of minimally invasive percutaneous proximal humerus locked osteosynthesis plate with injectable bone for the treatment of proximal humerus fractures in elderly patients]. (United States)

    Wang, Zhao-Hui; Deng, Dun; Chen, Li-Qiu; Zhang, Wei-Kang; Yan, Hai-Bo; Chen, Xiao-Yu; Liang, Zhong; Jiang, Zheng-Hui


    To evaluate the clinical effects of combined methods of minimally invasive percutaneous proximal humeral internal locking system (PHILOS) and injectable bone for the treatment of proximal humerus fractures in elderly patients. From January 2006 to January 2012, 80 patients with proximal humerus fractures were randomly divided into two groups (n = 40). The patients in the research group were treated with minimally invasive PHILOS fixation combined with injectable bone, including 20 males and 20 females, with an average age of (68.4 +/- 11.9) years; according to AO classification, 2 cases of type A1, 3 cases of type A2, 6 cases of type B1, 7 cases of type B2, 9 cases of type B3, 6 cases of type C1, 7 cases of type C2. The patients in the control group were treated with PHILOS fixation, including 18 males and 22 females, with an average age of (65.4 +/- 10.7) years; according to AO classification, 3 cases of type A1, 4 cases of type A2, 5 cases of type B1, 8 cases of type B2, 10 cases of type B3, 5 cases of type C, and 5 cases of type C2. The BMD, satisfactory rate, postoperative complications,bone healing time, Constant-Murley score in the two groups were reviewed and compared. In the research group, no patients had necrosis of femoral head, 1 patient had shoulder varus, 1 patient had internal fixation loosening, 36 patients were satisfactory with the treatment results, BMD was (1.013 +/- 0.109) g/cm2, bone healing time averaged (12.00 +/- 3.79) weeks, and the Constant-Murley score was 97.2 +/- 4.6. In the control group, 3 patients had necrosis of femoral head, 5 patients had shoulder varus, 6 patients had internal fixation loosening, 32 patients were satisfactory with the treatment results, BMD was (0.812 +/- 0.089) g/cm2, bone healing time averaged (20.00 +/- 8.67) weeks,and the Constant-Murley score was 78.5 +/- 3.2. The results of BMD, satisfactory rate, postoperative complications, bone healing time, and Constant-Murley score in the research group were better

  19. Minimal invasive surgical correction of pectus excavatum deformities in adolescents: Our institutional experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jokić Radoica


    Full Text Available Introduction. Nuss procedure is a minimal invasive surgical technique based on retrosternal placement of a metal plate to correct pectus excavatum chest deformity. We are presenting our five­year (2006­2011 institutional experience of 21 patients. Objective. The aim of this study was to determine characteristics and advantages of minimal invasive surgical approach in correcting deformities of the chest. Methods. Surgical procedure, named after its author Nuss, involves the surgical placement of a molded metal plate, the so­called pectus bar, behind the sternum under thoracoscopic view whereby immediate controlled intraoperative corrections and stabilizations of the depression can be made. The great advantage of this method is reflected in a significant shortening of operative time, usually without indications for compensation in blood volume, and with a significantly shortened postoperative recovery that allows patients to quickly return to their normal activities. Results. In the period 2006­2011, 21 patients were operated by the Nuss procedure. The pectus bar was set in front or behind the muscles of the chest. Among the complications listed were inflammation of wounds in three patients, dislocation (shifting of the bar requiring a reoperation in two patients, an occurrence of a pericardial effusion in one patient, and allergic response to foreign body in one patient. Five patients required extraction of the bar two years later, and three patients after three years, all with excellent results. Conclusion. Minimally invasive Nuss procedure is safe and effective. It currently represents the primary method of choice for solving the chest deformity pectus excavatum for patients of all ages. Modification of thoracoscopic control allows a safe field of operation. Postoperative results are excellent with very few complications that can be attributed to the learning curve.

  20. Quality of life improves after minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum. (United States)

    Kuru, Pinar; Bostanci, Korkut; Ermerak, Nezih Onur; Bahadir, A Tugba; Afacan, Ceyda; Yuksel, Mustafa


    Pectus excavatum is the most common chest wall deformity. This deformity may cause physical limitations and psychosocial problems. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum on the quality of life. This study included 88 patients, aged 18.44 ± 3.93 years (85.2% male), who underwent minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum; 40.9% had an associated anomaly or disease, and 17.0% had scoliosis. The patients and their parents completed the patient and parent forms of the Nuss questionnaire modified for adults preoperatively and 6 months after the operation. The patients' median Nuss score increased from 31 (interquartile range 31-35) preoperatively to 43 (interquartile range 43-46) at 6 months after the operation (p = 0.000). The parents' preoperative score of 33 (interquartile range 29-36) increased to 38 (interquartile range 34-41; p = 0.000). Improvements in the physical and psychosocial component scores of the Nuss questionnaire were also significant in the patient (p = 0.000, p = 0.000, respectively) and parent forms (p = 0.005, p = 0.000, respectively). Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum significantly improved the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of patients. Longitudinal studies are needed to determine the long-term changes related to quality of life. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions:

  1. Minimally Invasive Direct Lateral Interbody Fusion (MIS-DLIF): Proof of Concept and Perioperative Results. (United States)

    Abbasi, Hamid; Abbasi, Ali


    Minimally invasive direct lateral interbody fusion (MIS-DLIF) is a novel approach for fusions of the lumbar spine. In this proof of concept study, we describe the surgical technique and report our experience and the perioperative outcomes of the first nine patients who underwent this procedure. In this study we establish the safety and efficacy of this approach. MIS-DLIF was performed on 15 spinal levels in nine patients who failed to respond to conservative therapy for the treatment of a re-herniated disk, spondylolisthesis, or other severe disk disease of the lumbar spine. We recorded surgery time, blood loss, fluoroscopy time, patient-reported pain, and complications. Throughout the MIS-DLIF procedure, the surgeon is aided by biplanar fluoroscopic imaging to place an interbody graft or cage into the disc space through the interpleural space. A discectomy is performed in the same minimally invasive fashion. The procedure is usually completed with posterior pedicle screw fixation. MIS-DLIF took 44/85 minutes, on average, for 1/2 levels, with 54/112 ml of blood loss, and 0.3/1.7 days of hospital stay. Four of nine patients did not require overnight hospitalization and were discharged two to four hours after surgery. We did not encounter any clinically significant complications. At more than ninety days post surgery, the patients reported a statistically significant reduction of 4.5 points on a 10-point sliding pain scale. MIS-DLIF with pedicle screw fixation is a safe and clinically effective procedure for fusions of the lumbar spine. The procedure overcomes many of the limitations of the current minimally invasive approaches to the lumbar spine and is technically straightforward. MIS-DLIF has the potential to improve patient outcomes and reduce costs relative to the current standard of care and therefore warrants further investigation. We are currently expanding this study to a larger cohort and documenting long-term outcome data.

  2. Minimally invasive septal myectomy for the treatment of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and intrinsic mitral valve disease. (United States)

    Gilmanov, Daniyar Sh; Bevilacqua, Stefano; Solinas, Marco; Ferrarini, Matteo; Kallushi, Enkel; Santarelli, Philippo; Farneti, Pier Andrea; Glauber, Mattia


    Transaortic left ventricular septal myectomy described by Morrow is a classical procedure for the treatment of systolic anterior motion of the mitral apparatus associated with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). We aimed to review our results of transmitral septal myectomy and mitral valve repair/replacement in patients with intrinsic mitral valve disease associated with HOCM, operated on through a minimally invasive approach. Between 2005 and 2014, 19 patients [7 men (37%); mean (SD) age, 69.4 (14.5) years] were treated with minimally invasive approach for degenerative mitral regurgitation and HOCM. Preoperative peak left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient was 66 (24) mm Hg. Severe mitral regurgitation was diagnosed in 16 cases (84%). New York Heart Association functional class III to IV heart failure was present in 13 patients (68%). Fifteen patients (79%) underwent mitral valve replacement, and four patients (21%) underwent mitral valve repair. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction was corrected directly in all patients via the mitral valve with septal myectomy/myotomy, avoiding aortotomy in majority of the patients. No significant prolongation of extracorporeal circulation/aortic cross-clamping times was observed (P = 0.41 and P = 0.67, respectively) when compared with a similar population without HOCM. No iatrogenic ventricular septal defect developed in treated patients. No hospital mortality occurred. Resting LVOT gradient reduced at discharge to 13 (22) mm Hg (P = 0.025). Transmitral left ventricular septal myectomy in patients with degenerative mitral valve disease is quite a simple, feasible, and effective technique and does not require aortotomy in most cases. It can be performed with low early mortality and satisfactory resolution of LVOT obstruction in a minimally invasive setting.

  3. Applications of Computer-Assisted Navigation for the Minimally Invasive Reduction of Isolated Zygomatic Arch Fractures. (United States)

    Li, Zhi; Yang, Rong-Tao; Li, Zu-Bing


    Computer-assisted navigation has been widely used in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The purpose of this study was to describe the applications of computer-assisted navigation for the minimally invasive reduction of isolated zygomatic arch fractures. All patients identified as having isolated zygomatic arch fractures presenting to the authors' department from April 2013 through November 2014 were included in this prospective study. Minimally invasive reductions of isolated zygomatic arch fractures were performed on these patients under the guidance of computer-assisted navigation. The reduction status was evaluated by postoperative computed tomography (CT) 1 week after the operation. Postoperative complications and facial contours were evaluated during follow-up. Functional recovery was evaluated by the difference between the preoperative maximum interincisal mouth opening and that at the final follow-up. Twenty-three patients were included in this case series. The operation proceeded well in all patients. Postoperatively, all patients displayed uneventful healing without postoperative complication. Postoperative CT showed exact reduction in all cases. Satisfactory facial contour and functional recovery were observed in all patients. The preoperative maximal mouth opening ranged from 8 to 25 mm, and the maximal mouth opening at the final follow-up ranged from 36 to 42 mm. Computer-assisted navigation can be used not only for guiding zygomatic arch fracture reduction, but also for assessing reduction. Computer-assisted navigation is an effective and minimally invasive technique that can be applied in the reduction of isolated zygomatic arch fractures. Copyright © 2015 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Management of Peritonitis After Minimally Invasive Colorectal Surgery: Can We Stick to Laparoscopy? (United States)

    Marano, Alessandra; Giuffrida, Maria Carmela; Giraudo, Giorgio; Pellegrino, Luca; Borghi, Felice


    Although laparoscopy is becoming the standard of care for the treatment of colorectal disease, its application in case of postoperative peritonitis is still not widespread. The objective of this article is to evaluate the role of laparoscopy in the management of postoperative peritonitis after elective minimally invasive colorectal resection for malignant and benign diseases. Between April 2010 and May 2016, 536 patients received primary minimally invasive colorectal surgery at our Department. Among this series, we carried out a retrospective study of those patients who, having developed signs of peritonitis, were treated with a laparoscopic reintervention. Patient demographics, type of complication and of the main relaparoscopic treatment, and main outcomes of reoperation were recorded. A total of 20 patients (3.7%) underwent relaparoscopy for the management of postoperative peritonitis, of which exact causes were detected by laparoscopy in 75% as follows: anastomotic leakage (n = 8, 40%), colonic ischemia (n = 2, 10%), iatrogenic bowel tear (n = 4, 20%), and other (n = 1, 5%). The median time between operations was 3.5 days (range, 2-8). The laparoscopic reintervention was tailored case by case and ranged from lavage and drainage to redo anastomosis with ostomy fashioning. Conversion rate was 10% and overall morbidity was 50%. No cases required additional surgery and 30-day mortality was nil. Three patients (15%) were admitted to intensive care unit for 24-hour surveillance. Our experience suggests that in experienced hands and in hemodynamically stable patients, a prompt laparoscopic reoperation appears as an accurate diagnostic tool and an effective and safe option for the treatment of postoperative peritonitis after primary colorectal minimally invasive surgery.

  5. Open conversion during minimally invasive radical prostatectomy: impact on perioperative complications and predictors from national data. (United States)

    Sharma, Vidit; Meeks, Joshua J


    Despite the increased use of minimally invasive radical prostatectomy, open conversion may occur due to surgical complications, surgeon inexperience or failure to progress. We used nationally representative data to quantify the impact of open conversion compared to nonconverted minimally invasive radical prostatectomy and open radical prostatectomy, and identify predictors of open conversion. Years 2004 to 2010 of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample were queried for patients who underwent radical prostatectomy to analyze the association of open conversion during minimally invasive radical prostatectomy with Clavien complications. Multivariate regression models yielded significant predictors of open conversion. From 2004 to 2010, 134,398 (95% CI 111,509-157,287) minimally invasive radical prostatectomies were performed with a 1.8% (95% CI 1.4-2.1) open conversion rate, translating to 2,360 (95% CI 2,001-2,720) conversions. Open conversion cases had a longer length of stay (4.17 vs 1.71 days, p open conversion cases 45.2% experienced a complication vs 7.2% and 12.9% of minimally invasive radical prostatectomy and open radical prostatectomy cases, respectively (p open conversion was associated with significantly increased odds of a Clavien grade 1, 2, 3 and 4 complication compared to nonconverted minimally invasive radical prostatectomy and open radical prostatectomy (OR range 2.913 to 15.670, p open conversion were obesity (OR 1.916), adhesions (OR 3.060), anemia (OR 5.692) and surgeon volume for minimally invasive radical prostatectomy less than 25 cases per year (OR 7.376) (all p Open conversion during minimally invasive radical prostatectomy is associated with a higher than expected increase in complications compared to open radical prostatectomy and minimally invasive radical prostatectomy after adjusting for age and comorbidities. External validation of predictors of open conversion may prove useful in minimizing open conversion during minimally invasive radical

  6. A Computational Investigation Of Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Sten; Rasmussen, John

    Introduction: MISS has been used for more than a decade. The reasoning is the perception that a gentle surgery is more beneficial for the patient. Especially since traditional open spine surgery (TOSS) has several reported limitations including blood loss, muscle pain and infection. Minimal...

  7. Minimally invasive surgical procedures for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raspe, Heiner


    Full Text Available Introduction: In up to 30% of patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery for herniated or protruded discs outcomes are judged unfavourable. Over the last decades this problem has stimulated the development of a number of minimally-invasive operative procedures. The aim is to relieve pressure from compromised nerve roots by mechanically removing, dissolving or evaporating disc material while leaving bony structures and surrounding tissues as intact as possible. In Germany, there is hardly any utilisation data for these new procedures – data files from the statutory health insurances demonstrate that about 5% of all lumbar disc surgeries are performed using minimally-invasive techniques. Their real proportion is thought to be much higher because many procedures are offered by private hospitals and surgeries and are paid by private health insurers or patients themselves. So far no comprehensive assessment comparing efficacy, safety, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of minimally-invasive lumbar disc surgery to standard procedures (microdiscectomy, open discectomy which could serve as a basis for coverage decisions, has been published in Germany. Objective: Against this background the aim of the following assessment is: * Based on published scientific literature assess safety, efficacy and effectiveness of minimally-invasive lumbar disc surgery compared to standard procedures. * To identify and critically appraise studies comparing costs and cost-effectiveness of minimally-invasive procedures to that of standard procedures. * If necessary identify research and evaluation needs and point out regulative needs within the German health care system. The assessment focusses on procedures that are used in elective lumbar disc surgery as alternative treatment options to microdiscectomy or open discectomy. Chemonucleolysis, percutaneous manual discectomy, automated percutaneous lumbar discectomy, laserdiscectomy and endoscopic procedures accessing the disc


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Y. Kochish


    Full Text Available The purpose of investigation is to approve the new method of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis in cases of diaphyseal humeral shaft fractures with helical plate.Materials and methods. During experimental cadaveric part of the study implantation of long helical plate on humerus using minimally invasive technique on 14 fresh cadaveric shoulders was done. plate was inserted from two incisions 3-5 cm long in the upper part of the shoulder on the lateral side and in the lower part on the anterior side. Clinical part of the study included 31 patients with isolated humeral shaft fractures and humeral shaft fractures associated with fractures of proximal humerus and treated by minimally invasive fixation with helical plate.Results. Cadaveric study included preparation and special measuring and showed that implantation of the helical plate in proposed way gives safe distances between plate and axial, radial, musculocutaneous, median nerves, main humeral vessels and tendon of the long head of the biceps.Results of the clinical part of the study: radiological evidence of bone healing were observed on the 12 weeks in 10 from 28 cases (36%, on the 18 weeks in 18 from 25 (72%, on the 24 weeks in all 25 cases (100%. On the 24 weeks after surgery results on the DASH scale in average were 13±3,6 (from 3 to 36. Where in good results were in 17 (68% cases, satisfactory in 8 (32% cases. On the Constant Shoulder Score at the same time averege results were 80±4,63 (from 60 to 91. Exellent result was in 7 (28% cases, good in 12 (48%, satisfactory in 5 (20% cases and bad in one (4% case with subacromial impidgement after wrong plate positioning. There were no any cases of vascular and neurological complications and nonunions.Conclusion. Minimally invasive fixation of humeral shaft fractures with helical plates is safe and effective method of surgical treatment with good dynamic of functional rehabilitation and can be recommended for clinical use.

  9. Significant reduction of fluoroscopy repetition with lumbar localization system in minimally invasive spine surgery: A prospective study. (United States)

    Fan, Guoxin; Zhang, Hailong; Gu, Xin; Wang, Chuanfeng; Guan, Xiaofei; Fan, Yunshan; He, Shisheng


    The conventional location methods for minimally invasive spinal surgery (MISS) were mainly based on repeated fluoroscopy in a trial-and-error manner preoperatively and intraoperatively. Localization system mainly consisted of preoperative applied radiopaque frame and intraoperative guiding device, which has the potential to minimize fluoroscopy repetition in MISS. The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a novel lumbar localization system in reducing radiation exposure to patients.Included patients underwent minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MISTLIF) or percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED). Patients treated with novel localization system were regarded as Group A, and patients treated without novel localization system were regarded as Group B.For PTED, The estimated effective dose was 0.41 ± 0.13 mSv in Group A and 0.57 ± 0.14 mSv in Group B (P minimizing radiation hazards.

  10. Minimally invasive insulin delivery in subjects with type 1 diabetes using hollow microneedles. (United States)

    Gupta, Jyoti; Felner, Eric I; Prausnitz, Mark R


    Microneedles have previously been used to deliver insulin to animal models, but not in human subjects. This study tested the hypothesis that hollow microneedles can deliver insulin to modulate blood glucose levels in subjects with type 1 diabetes in a minimally invasive manner. This study was carried out in two adults with type 1 diabetes and evaluated bolus delivery of lispro insulin using a hollow microneedle compared to a catheter infusion set (9 mm). The study first determined the minimum insulin delivery depth by administering insulin from microneedles inserted 1, 3.5, and 5 mm into the skin of fasting subjects and then assessed the efficacy of insulin delivery from microneedles inserted 1 mm into the skin to reduce postprandial glucose levels. Blood samples were periodically assayed for plasma free insulin and plasma glucose levels for up to 3.5 h. The first phase of the study indicated that microneedles inserted at the shallowest depth of 1 mm within the skin led to rapid insulin absorption and reduction in glucose levels. Bolus insulin delivery followed by consumption of a standardized meal in the second phase revealed that microneedles were effective in reducing postprandial glucose levels. Subjects reported no pain from microneedle treatments, and there were no adverse events. This study provides the first proof of concept that hollow microneedles can effectively deliver bolus insulin to type 1 diabetes subjects in a minimally invasive manner.

  11. Anorectal function and outcomes after transanal minimally invasive surgery for rectal tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feza Y Karakayali


    Full Text Available Background: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery is a minimally invasive technique that allows full-thickness resection and suture closure of the defect for large rectal adenomas, selected low-risk rectal cancers, or small cancers in patients who have a high risk for major surgery. Our aim, in the given prospective study was to report our initial clinical experience with TAMIS, and to evaluate its effects on postoperative anorectal functions. Materials and Methods: In 10 patients treated with TAMIS for benign and malignant rectal tumors, preoperative and postoperative anorectal function was evaluated with anorectal manometry and Cleveland Clinic Incontinence Score. Results: The mean distance of the tumors from the anal verge was 5.6 cm, and mean tumor diameter was 2.6 cm. All resection margins were tumor free. There was no difference in preoperative and 3-week postoperative anorectalmanometry findings; only mean minimum rectal sensory volume was lower at 3 weeks after surgery. The Cleveland Clinic Incontinence Score was normal in all patients except one which resolved by 6 weeks after surgery.The mean postoperative follow-up was 28 weeks without any recurrences. Conclusion: Transanal minimally invasive surgery is a safe and effective procedure for treatment of rectal tumors and can be performed without impairing anorectal functions.

  12. Minimally invasive cosmetic dentistry: smile reconstruction using direct resin bonding. (United States)

    Prieto, Lucia Trazzi; Araujo, Cintia Tereza Pimenta; de Oliveira, Dayane Carvalho Ramos Salles; de Azevedo Vaz, Sergio Lins; D'Arce, Maria Beatriz Freitas; Paulillo, Luis Alexandre Maffei Sartini


    Discrepancies in tooth size and shape can interfere with smile harmony. Composite resin can be used to improve the esthetics of the smile at a low cost while offering good clinical performance. This article presents an approach for restoring and correcting functional, anatomic, and esthetic discrepancies with minimal intervention, using composites and a direct adhesive technique. This conservative restorative procedure provided the patient with maximum personal esthetic satisfaction.

  13. Minimally Invasive Aesthetic Solutions - Porcelain Veneers and Lumineers


    Zlatanovska, Katerina; Dimova, Cena; Zarkova, Julija


    Porcelain veneers present a conservative solution for patients who demand improvement of the shape, position and color of their anterior teeth without the removal of substantial amounts of tooth substance. No-or minimal-preparation veneers associated with enamel preservation offer an excellent results in aesthetic dentistry and become an essential component in creating restorations that are functional and have increased longevity. The current literature was reviewed to search for the most ess...

  14. Editor’s Pick: Recent Developments in Minimally Invasive Radical Prostatectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarno Riikonen


    Full Text Available Minimally invasive surgery has gained a dominant status in prostate cancer surgery during the last decade. The benefits of minimally invasive prostatectomy were demonstrated by pioneers of conventional laparoscopic prostatectomy, however, the real domination of laparoscopy in radical prostatectomy (RP started after the dissemination of robotic surgery. Robot-assisted surgery still remains the most widespread method to perform minimally invasive RP, although the recent evolution of laparoscopic technology and instruments has evoked interest in conventional laparoscopy again. The recent developments in the technique of RP are focused on decreasing invasiveness and complications. The recent methods to improve postoperative functional outcome of RP can be utilised without compromising the oncological results.

  15. Re: Fibrin Glue Injections: A Minimally Invasive and Cost-Effective Treatment for Post-Renal Transplant Lymphoceles and Lymph Fistulas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Presser N


    Full Text Available In this retrospective study, 46 (2.7% patients out of 1662 kidney transplant recipients had developed symptomatic lymphocele/lymph fistula requiring intervention over an 11-year period. Open surgical drainage (22, laparoscopic surgical drainage (11 and percutaneous fibrin glue injections into the drained lymphocele cavity (13 were used to treat this complication. Besides being effective both on the early and late developed lymphoceles, significantly lower recurrence rates by fibrin glue injections and lower median treatment costs were observed when compared with the other two surgical modalities. It has also the advantage of an outpatient procedure that can be performed using fluoroscopic guidance, under local anesthesia. However, due to era effect, most of the open and laparoscopic surgical recipients were treated with sirolimus, a well-known antiproliferative immunosuppressive agent, which can promote development of lymphoceles and surgical failure. However, the majority of fibrin glue-treated cases were with tacrolimus-based regimens, but this study, in its nature, is far from giving the answer for decreased number of recurrences with fibrin glue

  16. A comparison between minimized extracorporeal circuits and conventional extracorporeal circuits in patients undergoing aortic valve surgery: is 'minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation' just low prime or closed loop perfusion ?


    Starinieri, Pascal; Declercq, Peter E.; Robic, Boris; Yilmaz, Alaaddin; Van Tornout, Michiel; Dubois, Jasperina; Mees, Urbain; Hendrikx, Marc


    Introduction: Even though results have been encouraging, an unequivocal conclusion on the beneficial effect of minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation (MiECC) in patients undergoing aortic valve surgery cannot be derived from previous publications. Long-term outcomes are rarely reported and a significant decrease in operative mortality has not been shown. Most studies have a limited number of patients and are underpowered. They merely report on short-term results of a heterogeneous intr...

  17. [Effectiveness of manipulative reduction combined with minimally invasive surgery in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture: a meta-analysis]. (United States)

    Hu, Yue-ming; Pang, Qing-jiang


    To evaluate the clinical efficacy of manipulative reduction combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) in treating osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) using meta-analysis method, in order to provide a reference for clinical treatment. A systematic computer-based search (from January 1987 to April 2014) from CNKI, Wanfang database, Web of Science and PubMed were performed for the collection of controlled clinical researches on manipulative reduction combined with PVP or PKP in treating OVCF. The quality of selected researches was evaluated. Meta-analysis was adopted to evaluate visual analog scale, Cobb angle, anterior height ratio of the injured vertebra. A total of 7 researches of 410 patients were included in the present analysis, there were 5 RCTs and 2 non-RCTs and all come from China. Manipulative reduction combined with PVP could got better improvement in Cobb angle (WMD=-7.35; 95%CI: -12.15, -2.54) and anterior height ratio of the injured vertebra (Pvisual analog scale (WMD=-0.01; 95%CI: -0.45, 0.42). There were no significant differences in the improvement of visual analog scale, Cobb angle, anterior height ratio of the injured vertebra between manipulative reduction combined with PKP and simple PKP (P>0.05). Compared with simple PVP, manipulative reduction combined with PVP may result in more clinical efficacy on the improvement of Cobb angle and anterior ratio of the injured vertebra. And compared with simple PKP, manipulative reduction combined with PKP has no obvious advantages on the improvement of visual analog scale, Cobb angle, anterior height ratio of the injured vertebra. However, the number and quality of the literatures, may resulted in the effect of mistrust, so more large sample and high-quality RCTs are needed in future.

  18. Minimal invasive puncture and drainage versus endoscopic surgery for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in basal ganglia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Z


    Full Text Available Zhihong Li,1,* Yuqian Li,1,* Feifei Xu,2,* Xi Zhang,3 Qiang Tian,4 Lihong Li1 1Department of Neurosurgery, Tangdu Hospital, 2Department of Foreign Languages, 3Department of Biomedical Engineering, 4Department of Radiology, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Two prevalent therapies for the treatment of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH in basal ganglia are, minimally invasive puncture and drainage (MIPD, and endoscopic surgery (ES. Because both surgical techniques are of a minimally invasive nature, they have attracted greater attention in recent years. However, evidence comparing the curative effect of MIPD and ES has been uncertain. The indication for MIPD or ES has been uncertain till now. In the present study, 112 patients with spontaneous ICH in basal ganglia who received MIPD or ES were reviewed retrospectively. Baseline parameters prior to the operation, evacuation rate (ER, perihematoma edema, postoperative complications, and rebleeding incidences were collected. Moreover, 1-year postictus, the long-term functional outcomes of patients with regard to hematoma volume (HV or Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS score were judged, respectively, by the case fatality, Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS, Barthel Index (BI, and modified Rankin Scale (mRS. The ES group had a higher ER than the MIPD group on postoperative day 1. The MIPD group had fewer adverse outcomes, which included less perihematoma edema, anesthetic time, and blood loss, than the ES group. The functional outcomes represented by GOS, BI, and mRS were better in the MIPD group than in the ES group for patients with HV 30–60 mL or GCS score 9–14. These results indicate that ES is more effective in evacuating hematoma in basal ganglia, while MIPD is less invasive than ES. Patients with HV 30–60 mL or GCS score 9–14 may benefit more from the MIPD

  19. Retrospective study minimally invasive management of postoperative lithiasis of the common bile duct. (United States)

    Safta, B A; Grigoriu, M; Palade, R; Ion, D; Păduraru, D N; Bolocan, A


    Postoperative common bile duct (CBD) lithiasis holds a significant place in the bilio-pancreatic pathology, both due to its high frequency as well as to the diagnostic and treatment issues it triggers. Based on a 5-year experience (2008-2012), assessed retrospectively, totalling 51 patients with postoperative lithiasis of CBD, we tried to elaborate on several recommendations for the treatment of this pathology. The recommendations were guided by the existing alternative therapeutic options and by the ideas in the literature regarding the results achieved by every manner of treatment. The rate of clearance of the CBD was of 93.6%,the morbidity rate was of 10.65% and the mortality rate was of 0%, which entitles us to deem the effectiveness of the minimally invasive treatment as maximum in the treatment of this pathology. The endoscopic treatment of postoperative lithiasis of the CBD proved to be possible, efficient and we believe it good to be used as a principle; open surgery should be the solution in case of failures or of contraindications to minimally invasive treatment. Celsius.

  20. Minimally invasive devices for treating lower urinary tract symptoms in benign prostate hyperplasia: technology update

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    Aoun F


    Full Text Available Fouad Aoun1, Quentin Marcelis,1,2 Thierry Roumeguère,2 1Department of Urology, Jules Bordet Institute, 2Department of Urology, Erasme Hospital, University Clinics of Brussels, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium Abstract: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH represents a spectrum of related lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS. The cost of currently recommended medications and the discontinuation rate due to side effects are significant drawbacks limiting their long-term use in clinical practice. Interventional procedures, considered as the definitive treatment for BPH, carry a significant risk of treatment-related complications in frail patients. These issues have contributed to the emergence of new approaches as alternative options to standard therapies. This paper reviews the recent literature regarding the experimental treatments under investigation and presents the currently available experimental devices and techniques used under local anesthesia for the treatment of LUTS/BPH in the vast majority of cases. Devices for delivery of thermal treatment (microwaves, radiofrequency, high-intensity focused ultrasound, and the Rezum system, mechanical devices (prostatic stent and urethral lift, fractionation of prostatic tissue (histotripsy and aquablation, prostate artery embolization, and intraprostatic drugs are discussed. Evidence for the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of these “minimally invasive procedures” is analyzed. Keywords: lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH, minimally invasive therapies, new approaches, experimental therapy

  1. Results of kyphoplasty in the minimally invasive treatment of vertebral metastasis

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    Carlos Fernando Pereira da Silva Herrero


    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcome of minimally invasive surgical treatment of vertebral metastases using the technique of kyphoplasty. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of patients with the diagnosis of spinal metastasis who underwent minimally invasive surgical treatment by filling the vertebral body with balloon kyphoplasty technique. Clinical evaluation included patient age at surgery, diagnosis of the tumor, biopsy results, data of the surgical procedure performed, visual pain scale (VAS and complications related to surgery. Radiological evaluation involved the study of radiographic procedures in the anteroposterior and lateral incidences, with the analysis of vertebral body kyphosis and the occurrence of extravasation of cement. RESULTS: 22 patients with spinal metastases who were treated by balloon kyphoplasty, 8 (36% males and 14 (64% females were studied. The average age was 56.05 years and the mean follow-up was 8.5 months. The mean preoperative VAS was 8.73, 1.73 in the initial postoperative period, and 1.92 in the late postoperative period. CONCLUSION: Kyphoplasty proved to be a safe and effective technique for symptomatic treatment of vertebral metastases.

  2. Minimally Invasive Subcortical Parafascicular Transsulcal Access for Clot Evacuation (Mi SPACE for Intracerebral Hemorrhage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Ritsma


    Full Text Available Background. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH is common and causes significant mortality and morbidity. To date, optimal medical and surgical intervention remains uncertain. A lack of definitive benefit for operative management may be attributable to adverse surgical effect, collateral tissue injury. This is particularly relevant for ICH in dominant, eloquent cortex. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS offers the potential advantage of reduced collateral damage. MIS utilizing a parafascicular approach has demonstrated such benefit for intracranial tumor resection. Methods. We present a case of dominant hemisphere spontaneous ICH evacuated via the minimally invasive subcortical parafascicular transsulcal access clot evacuation (Mi SPACE model. We use this report to introduce Mi SPACE and to examine the application of this novel MIS paradigm. Case Presentation. The featured patient presented with a left temporal ICH and severe global aphasia. The hematoma was evacuated via the Mi SPACE approach. Postoperative reassessments showed significant improvement. At two months, bedside language testing was normal. MRI tractography confirmed limited collateral injury. Conclusions. This case illustrates successful application of the Mi SPACE model to ICH in dominant, eloquent cortex and subcortical regions. MRI tractography illustrates collateral tissue preservation. Safety and feasibility studies are required to further assess this promising new therapeutic paradigm.

  3. Minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy without intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring. (United States)

    Rodrigo, Juan Pablo; Coca Pelaz, Andrés; Martínez, Patricia; González Marquez, Rocío; Suárez, Carlos


    surgical treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism has evolved from the classical bilateral neck exploration to minimally invasive techniques due to recent advances in preoperative localisation methods. The additional value of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) monitoring is questioned. The aim of this study was to analyse the results of minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy (MIVAP) without intraoperative PTH monitoring. the patients who underwent MIVAP without PTH monitoring for primary hyperparathyroidism between 2007 and 2013 were evaluated. In all cases the suspected enlarged gland was identified preoperatively by 99Tc-sestamibi scintigraphy, ultrasound or computed tomography. 71 patients were studied (56 females and 15 males), with a mean age of 60 years. In 3 cases (4%) the technique was converted to open parathyroidectomy. Calcium and PTH levels were normalised after first surgery in 69 cases (97%), and after a second surgery in the remaining 2 cases (a second contralateral and a second intrathyroid adenoma). One patient developed a postoperative wound infection, 1 postoperative hypocalcaemia, and 4 transient vocal fold paralysis. No permanent vocal fold paralysis or other complications were observed. MIVAP is a safe, effective surgical technique to cure primary hyperparathyroidism. Intraoperative PTH monitoring may not be routinely necessary in patients treated with this technique. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Patología Cérvico-Facial. All rights reserved.

  4. Design of a new haptic device and experiments in minimally invasive surgical robot. (United States)

    Wang, Tao; Pan, Bo; Fu, Yili; Wang, Shuguo; Ai, Yue


    In this paper, we designed a 8 degrees of freedom (DOFs) haptic device for applications in minimally invasive surgical robot. The device can provide three translational, three rotational and a grasping motion and force feedback capability. It is composed of three parts, including an arm mechanism, a redundant wrist mechanism and a grasper mechanism. The kinematics and gravity compensation algorithms are also detailed in the paper. In addition, the haptic device and a slave surgical robot for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) developed by our lab are integrated as a master-slave surgical robotic system in this paper. In the master-slave robotic system, a new control system is designed to realize real-time mater-slave control based on EtherCAT bus technology. Experiments show that the haptic device can effectively compensate gravity at any position in its workspace and successfully realize master-slave operation by the control method, which prove the haptic device designed in this paper can be used as a master manipulator to control the surgical robot.

  5. Minimally Invasive Treatment for a Sacral Tarlov Cyst Through Tubular Retractors. (United States)

    Del Castillo-Calcáneo, Juan D; Navarro-Ramírez, Rodrigo; Nakhla, Jonathan; Kim, Eliana; Härtl, Roger


    Tarlov cysts (TC) are focal dilations of arachnoid and dura mater of the spinal posterior nerve root sheath that appear as cystic lesions of the nerve roots typically in the lower spine, especially in the sacrum, which can cause radicular symptoms when they increase in size and compress the nerve roots. Different open procedures have been described to treat TCs, but no minimally invasive procedures have been described to effectively address this pathology. A 29-year-old woman presented with right lower extremity pain and weakness. A magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrated a lumbosacral TC that protruded through the right L5-S1 foramina. Through a small laminotomy, cyst drainage followed by neck ligation using a Scanlan modified technique through tubular retractors was performed. The patient recovered full motor function within the first days postoperatively and showed no signs of relapse at 6-month follow-up. Minimally invasive spine surgery through tubular retractors can be safely performed for successful excision and ligation of TC using a Scanlan modified technique. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. An augmented reality platform for planning of minimally invasive cardiac surgeries (United States)

    Chen, Elvis C. S.; Sarkar, Kripasindhu; Baxter, John S. H.; Moore, John; Wedlake, Chris; Peters, Terry M.


    One of the fundamental components in all Image Guided Surgery (IGS) applications is a method for presenting information to the surgeon in a simple, effective manner. This paper describes the first steps in our new Augmented Reality (AR) information delivery program. The system makes use of new "off the shelf" AR glasses that are both light-weight and unobtrusive, with adequate resolution for many IGS applications. Our first application is perioperative planning of minimally invasive robot-assisted cardiac surgery. In this procedure, a combination of tracking technologies and intraoperative ultrasound is used to map the migration of cardiac targets prior to selection of port locations for trocars that enter the chest. The AR glasses will then be used to present this heart migration data to the surgeon, overlaid onto the patients chest. The current paper describes the calibration process for the AR glasses, their integration into our IGS framework for minimally invasive robotic cardiac surgery, and preliminary validation of the system. Validation results indicate a mean 3D triangulation error of 2.9 +/- 3.3mm, 2D projection error of 2.1 +/- 2.1 pixels, and Normalized Stereo Calibration Error of 3.3.

  7. Minimally invasive treatment of unstable pelvic ring injuries with modified pedicle screw-rod fixator. (United States)

    Wu, Xiao-Tian; Liu, Zuo-Qing; Fu, Wen-Qin; Zhao, Shan


    Objective To evaluate the clinical application of the minimally invasive modified pedicle screw-rod fixator for unstable pelvic ring injuries, including its feasibility, merits, and limitations. Methods Twenty-three patients (13 males, 10 females; average age, 36.3 years) with unstable pelvic ring injuries underwent anterior fixation using a modified pedicle screw-rod fixator with or without posterior fixation using a transiliac internal fixator. The clinical findings were assessed using Majeed scores. The quality of reduction was evaluated using the Matta criteria. Results Clinical results at 1 year postoperatively were excellent in 14 patients, good in 7, and fair in 2. The two patients with fair results had intermittent pain at the sacroiliac joint because of the posterior implant. One woman complained of persistent pain at the pubic tubercle during sexual intercourse. Iatrogenic neuropraxia of the unilateral lateral femoral cutaneous nerve occurred in three patients. Unilateral femoral nerve palsy occurred in one patient. The quality of fracture reduction was excellent in 12 patients, good in 8, and fair in 3. Heterotopic ossification occurred in eight patients; all were asymptomatic. Conclusions Minimally invasive modified pedicle screw-rod fixation is an effective alternative treatment for pelvic ring injuries.

  8. A novel combination of two minimally invasive surgical techniques in the management of refractory radiation necrosis: Technical note. (United States)

    Habboub, Ghaith; Sharma, Mayur; Barnett, Gene H; Mohammadi, Alireza M


    Minimally-invasive approaches are attractive alternative to standard craniotomy for large intracranial tumors with potentially lesser morbidity. In this report, we describe a sequential combination of two minimally-invasive surgical techniques to treat a large intracranial tumor. A 49year-old woman presented with a history of breast cancer and large left parietal metastasis with significant perilesional edema. This was initially managed by whole brain radiation therapy and stereotactic radiosurgery. The patient underwent laser ablation of the tumor followed by internal tumor debulking using an exoscopic-assisted tubular retractor system. Post-operative MRI showed gross total coverage of the tumor by laser ablation and alleviation of mass effect. The patient recovered well and discharged on second postoperative day. The minimally-invasive combination of laser ablation followed by internal debulking using a tubular retractor device could be done safely and effectively as a minimally invasive alternative to standard craniotomy for large intracranial tumors. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. [Precise thoracic surgery: new era of minimally invasive surgery]. (United States)

    Li, Hui


    Precise surgery is based on the integrated application of modern science and technology and integrated innovation of surgical technology revolution features. It is built in high-end digital medical bases. The purpose of precise surgery is to achieve accurate lesion resection, minimize injury, improve the quality of life and reduce the risk of surgery. In this paper we forward new concept of precise thoracic surgery. An overview was made on the development of precise surgery with great support of virtual reality technology, augmented reality technology and image acquisition technology. Finally the paper illustrated the prospect of precise of thoracic surgery from the following aspects: preoperative planning, the choice of surgical approach, precise tumor localization, postoperative immediate 3-dimension multi modality imaging evaluation.

  10. Patient-level hospital costs and length of stay after conventional versus minimally invasive total hip replacement: a propensity-matched analysis. (United States)

    Röttger, Julia; Scheller-Kreinsen, David; Busse, Reinhard


    A current trend in total hip replacement (THR) is the use of minimally invasive surgery. Little is known, however, about the impact of minimally invasive THR on resource use and length of stay. This study analyzed the effect of minimally invasive surgery on hospital costs and length of stay in German hospitals compared with conventional treatment in THR. We used patient-level administrative hospital data from three German hospitals participating in the national cost data study. We conducted a propensity score matching to account for baseline differences between minimally invasively and conventionally treated patients. Subsequently, we estimated the treatment effect on costs and length of stay by conducting group comparisons, via paired t tests and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests, and regression analyses. The three hospitals provided data from 2886 THR patients. The propensity score matching led to 812 matched pairs. Length of stay was significantly higher for conventionally treated patients (11.49 days vs. 10.90 days; P allocation of costs, with significantly higher implant costs for minimally invasively treated patients (€1514 vs. €1375; P overhead costs for conventionally treated patients. Minimally invasive surgery was compared with conventional THR and was found to be associated with a reduced length of stay. Total hospital costs, however, did not differ between the two treatment groups, because of higher implant costs for minimally invasively treated patients. Copyright © 2012 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Minimally invasive transdermal delivery of iron-dextran. (United States)

    Juluri, Abhishek; Modepalli, Naresh; Jo, Seongbong; Repka, Michael A; Shivakumar, H Nanjappa; Murthy, S Narasimha


    Iron deficiency is one of the most prevalent and serious health issues among people all over the world. Iron-dextran (ID) colloidal solution is one among the very few US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved iron sources for parenteral administration of iron. Parenteral route does not allow frequent administration because of its invasiveness and other associated complications. The main aim of this project was to investigate the plausibility of transdermal delivery of ID facilitated by microneedles, as an alternative to parenteral iron therapy. In vitro permeation studies were carried out using freshly excised hairless rat abdominal skin in a Franz diffusion apparatus. Iron repletion studies were carried out in hairless anemic rat model. The anemic rats were divided into intact skin (control), microneedle pretreated, and intraperitoneal (i.p.) groups depending on the mode of delivery of iron. The hematological parameters were measured intermittently during treatment. There was no improvement in the hematological parameters in case of control group, whereas, in case of microneedle pretreated and i.p. group, there was significant improvement within 2-3 weeks. The results suggest that microneedle-mediated delivery of ID could be developed as a potential treatment method for iron-deficiency anemia. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. Systematic review of same-day discharge after minimally invasive hysterectomy. (United States)

    Korsholm, Malene; Mogensen, Ole; Jeppesen, Mette M; Lysdal, Vibeke K; Traen, Koen; Jensen, Pernille T


    Same-day discharge has been suggested to safe and acceptable following minimally invasive hysterectomy. To evaluate the feasibility of same-day discharge following minimally invasive hysterectomy and to identify associated factors. Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were systematically searched using the terms "same day discharge", "minimally invasive surgery", and "hysterectomy" between October 1 and October 31, 2015. No language or publication date restrictions were included. Randomized controlled trials and observational studies evaluating same-day discharge before midnight on the day of minimally invasive hysterectomy were included. Study characteristics, pre-operative selection criteria, and predictive factors for same-day discharge were analyzed. There were 15 observational studies with 11 992 patients included. Significant heterogeneity was observed in the studies, and publication and selection bias could have potentially affected the results. All the studies concluded that same-day discharge was feasible. However, some factors were associated with a decreased possibility of same-day discharge; these were older age, beginning surgery later than 1:00 pm and completing surgery later than 6:00 pm, longer duration of operation, and high estimated blood loss. Same-day discharge appears feasible for a majority of patients who undergo minimally invasive hysterectomies if adequate emphasis is placed on pre-surgical planning and careful patient selection. © 2016 The Authors International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

  13. Minimally invasive spine surgery in the treatment of thoracolumbar and lumbar spine trauma. (United States)

    Koreckij, Theodore; Park, Daniel K; Fischgrund, Jeffrey


    Thoracolumbar and lumbar trauma account for the majority of traumatic spinal injuries. The mainstay of current treatments is still nonoperative therapy with bracing. Classic treatment algorithms reserved absolute surgical intervention for spinal trauma patients with neurological compromise or instability. Relative indications included incapacitating pain and obesity/body habitus making brace therapy ineffective. In the past decade, minimally invasive surgical (MIS) techniques for spine surgery have been increasingly used for degenerative conditions. These same minimally invasive techniques have seen increased use in trauma patients. The goal of minimally invasive surgery is to decrease surgical morbidity through decreased soft-tissue dissection while providing the same structural stability afforded by classic open techniques. These minimally invasive techniques involve percutaneous posterior pedicle fixation, vertebral body augmentation, and utilization of endoscopic and thoracoscopic techniques. While MIS techniques are somewhat in their infancy, an increasing number of studies are reporting good clinical and radiographic outcomes with these MIS techniques. However, the literature is still lacking high-quality evidence comparing these newer techniques to classic open treatments. This article reviews the relevant literature regarding minimally invasive spine surgery in the treatment of thoracolumbar and lumbar trauma.

  14. Limited access atrial septal defect closure and the evolution of minimally invasive surgery. (United States)

    Izzat, M B; Yim, A P; El-Zufari, M H


    While minimizing the "invasiveness" in general surgery has been equated with minimizing "access", what constitutes minimally invasive intra-cardiac surgery remains controversial. Many surgeons doubt the benefits of minimizing access when the need for cardiopulmonary bypass cannot be waived. Recognizing that median sternotomy itself does entail significant morbidity, we investigated the value of alternative approaches to median sternotomy using atrial septal defect closure as our investigative model. We believe that some, but not all minimal access approaches are associated with reduced postoperative morbidity and enhanced recovery. Our current strategy is to use a mini-sternotomy approach in adult patients, whereas conventional median sternotomy remains our standard approach in the pediatric population. Considerable clinical experiences coupled with documented clinical benefits are fundamental before a certain approach is adopted in routine practice.

  15. Minimal invasive stabilization of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. Methods and preinterventional diagnostics; Minimal-invasive Stabilisierung osteoporotischer Wirbelkoerpereinbrueche. Methodik und praeinterventionelle Diagnostik

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    Grohs, J.G.; Krepler, P. [Orthopaedische Klinik, Universitaet Wien (Austria)


    Minimal invasive stabilizations represent a new alternative for the treatment of osteoporotic compression fractures. Vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty are two methods to enhance the strength of osteoporotic vertebral bodies by the means of cement application. Vertebroplasty is the older and technically easier method. The balloon kyphoplasty is the newer and more expensive method which does not only improve pain but also restores the sagittal profile of the spine. By balloon kyphoplasty the height of 101 fractured vertebral bodies could be increased up to 90% and the wedge decreased from 12 to 7 degrees. Pain was reduced from 7,2 to 2,5 points. The Oswestry disability index decreased from 60 to 26 points. This effects persisted over a period of two years. Cement leakage occurred in only 2% of vertebral bodies. Fractures of adjacent vertebral bodies were found in 11%. Good preinterventional diagnostics and intraoperative imaging are necessary to make the balloon kyphoplasty a successful application. (orig.) [German] Minimal-invasive Stabilisierungen stellen eine Alternative zur bisherigen Behandlung osteoporotischer Wirbelfrakturen dar. Die Vertebroplastie und die Ballonkyphoplastik sind 2 Verfahren, um die Festigkeit der Wirbelkoerper nach osteoporotischen Kompressionsfrakturen durch Einbringen von Knochenzement wieder herzustellen. Die Vertebroplastie ist die aeltere, technisch einfachere und kostenguenstigere Technik, geht allerdings regelmaessig mit Zementaustritt einher. Die Ballonkyphoplastik ist die neuere kostenintensivere Technologie, mit der abgesehen von der Schmerzreduktion auch die Wiederherstellung des sagittalen Profils der Wirbelsaeule angestrebt werden kann. Mit der Ballonkyphoplastik konnten bei 101 frakturierten Wirbelkoerpern die Hoehe auf fast 90% des Sollwertes angehoben und die lokale Kyphose von 12 auf 7 vermindert werden. Die Schmerzen wurden - gemessen anhand einer 10-teiligen Skala - von 7,2 auf 2,5 reduziert. Der Oswestry disability

  16. Minimally invasive corticotomy in orthodontics: a new technique using a CAD/CAM surgical template. (United States)

    Cassetta, M; Pandolfi, S; Giansanti, M


    Accelerating orthodontic tooth movement is a topical issue. Despite the different techniques described in the literature, the corticotomy is the only effective and safe means of accelerating orthodontic tooth movement. Although effective, the corticotomy presents significant postoperative discomfort. The aggressive nature of these particular methods, related to the elevation of mucoperiosteal flaps and to the length of the surgery, has resulted in reluctance to proceed with this technique among both patients and the dental community. To overcome the disadvantages of the corticotomy, this technical note describes an innovative, minimally invasive, flapless procedure combining piezoelectric surgical cortical micro-incisions with the use of a 3D Printed CAD/CAM surgical guide. Copyright © 2015 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Current status of minimally invasive management of pediatric upper urinary tract calculi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolla Surendra


    Full Text Available The surgical management of pediatric upper urinary tract calculi has evolved from open surgery to minimally invasive techniques. With advancement in instrumentation, endourological procedures are being performed more commonly in children. However, the endourological management of renal and ureteral stones in the pediatric population is considered challenging, owing to the smaller size of the urinary tract. Various minimally invasive techniques that are being applied in the management of pediatric urolithiasis, include shock wave lithitripsy (SWL, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL, ureterorenoscopy and a combination of these procedures. The role of SWL is well established and is considered the first line of treatment in the management of urinary calculi in pediatric patients. Recent reports have confirmed the safety of PCNL and ureteroscopy in children, although they are not as widely practiced in children as in adults. This article reviews literature published till October 2005, pertaining to the minimally invasive management of pediatric upper urinary tract calculi.

  18. External force estimation and implementation in robotically assisted minimally invasive surgery. (United States)

    Sang, Hongqiang; Yun, Jintian; Monfaredi, Reza; Wilson, Emmanuel; Fooladi, Hadi; Cleary, Kevin


    Robotically assisted minimally invasive surgery can offer many benefits over open surgery and laparoscopic minimally invasive surgery. However, currently, there is no force sensing and force feedback. This research was implemented using the da Vinci research kit. An external force estimation and implementation method was proposed based on dynamics and motor currents. The dynamics of the Patient Side Manipulator was modeled. The dynamic model was linearly parameterized. The estimation principle of external force was derived. The dynamic parameters were experimentally identified using a least squares method. Several experiments including dynamic parameter identification, joint torque estimation, and external force estimation were performed. The results showed that the proposed method could implement force estimation without using a force sensor. The force estimation method was proposed and implemented and experimental results showed the method worked and was feasible. This method could be used for force sensing in minimally invasive surgical robotics in the future. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  19. Complications in minimally invasive percutaneous fixation of thoracic and lumbar spine fractures and tumors. (United States)

    Gasbarrini, Alessandro; Cappuccio, Michele; Colangeli, Simone; Posadas, Maria Dolores; Ghermandi, Riccardo; Amendola, Luca


    We propose to evaluate the complication rate in minimally invasive stabilization (MIS) for spine fractures and tumors, as a common alternative to open fusion and conservative treatment. From 2000 to 2010, 187 patients were treated by minimally invasive percutaneous fixation in 133 traumatic fractures and 54 primitive and/or secondary spine tumors. Complications were classified, according to the period of onset as intraoperative and postoperative, and according to the severity, as major and minor. A total of 15 complications (8 %) were recorded: 5 intraoperative (3 %), 6 early postoperative (3 %) and 4 late postoperative (2 %); 6 were minor complications (3 %) and 9 were major complications (5 %). Minimally invasive stabilization of selected spine pathologies appears to be a safe technique with low complication rate and high patient satisfaction. MIS reduces hospitalization and allows a fast functional recovery improving the quality of life.

  20. Fixing a fractured arthrodesed hip with rapid prototype templating and minimal invasive plate osteosynthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fang


    Full Text Available CASE:: We present an elderly lady with an intertrochanteric fracture of a previously fused hip. A 3D printed model of her pelvis and femur was used for implant templating before surgery. Minimal invasive fixation was performed with a spanning reversed distal femur locking plate without the need for removal of the previous implant. Multiple long locking screws were placed in the supra-acetabular region. The patient had union in 4 months, return to function and no complication. Conclusion:: The technique allowed us to optimize implant selection and insert screws safely at difficult trajectories using minimal invasive surgery. Keywords: Hip fusion, Fracture, Plating, Minimal invasive, 3D printing

  1. Minimally-invasive treatment of high velocity intra-articular fractures of the distal tibia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Leonard, M


    The pilon fracture is a complex injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of minimally invasive techniques in management of these injuries. This was a prospective study of closed AO type C2 and C3 fractures managed by early (<36 hours) minimally invasive surgical intervention and physiotherapist led rehabilitation. Thirty patients with 32 intra-articular distal tibial fractures were treated by the senior surgeon (GK). Our aim was to record the outcome and all complications with a minimum two year follow-up. There were two superficial wound infections. One patient developed a non-union which required a formal open procedure. Another patient was symptomatic from a palpable plate inferiorly. An excellent AOFAS result was obtained in 83% (20\\/24) of the patients. Early minimally invasive reduction and fixation of complex high velocity pilon fractures gave very satisfactory results at a minimum of two years follow-up.

  2. The past, present and future of minimally invasive therapy in urology: a review and speculative outlook. (United States)

    Rassweiler, Jens; Rassweiler, Marie-Claire; Kenngott, Hannes; Frede, Thomas; Michel, Maurice-Stephan; Alken, Peter; Clayman, Ralph


    to determine the pathohistological pattern of the tumour to decide whether the patient requires removal, ablation or active surveillance. Management of localized prostate cancer underwent significant changes as well. 25 years ago open retropubic nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy was introduced as the optimal option for effective treatment of the cancer providing minimal side-effects. Basically, the same operation is performed today, but with robot-assisted laparoscopic techniques providing 7-DOF instruments, 3D-vision and tenfold magnification and enabling the surgeon to work in a sitting position at the console. In 25 years, prostate cancer may be managed in most cases by focal therapy and/or genetically targeting therapy. Only a few patients may still require robot-assisted removal of the entire gland. There has been a dramatic change in the management of the most frequent urologic diseases almost completely replacing open surgery by minimally invasive techniques. This was promoted by technical realisation of physical principles (shock waves, optical resolution, master-slave system) used outside of medicine. The future of medicine may lie in translational approaches individualizing the management based on genetic information and focalizing the treatment by further improvement of imaging technology.

  3. Minimally Invasive Treatment of the Thoracic Spine Disease: Completely Percutaneous and Hybrid Approaches


    Tamburrelli Francesco Ciro; Scaramuzzo Laura; Genitiempo Maurizio; Proietti Luca


    The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of a limited invasive approach for the treatment of upper thoracic spine disease. Seven patients with type-A thoracic fractures and three with tumors underwent long thoracic stabilization through a minimally invasive approach. Four patients underwent a completely percutaneous approach while the other three underwent a modified hybrid technique, a combination of percutaneous and open approach. The hybrid constructs were realized using a perc...

  4. Outcomes of lumbopelvic fixation in the treatment of complex sacral fractures using minimally invasive surgical techniques. (United States)

    Jazini, Ehsan; Weir, Tristan; Nwodim, Emeka; Tannous, Oliver; Saifi, Comron; Caffes, Nicholas; Costales, Timothy; Koh, Eugene; Banagan, Kelley; Gelb, Daniel; Ludwig, Steven C


    Complex sacral fractures with vertical and anterior pelvic ring instability treated with traditional fixation methods are associated with high rates of failure and poor clinical outcomes. Supplemental lumbopelvic fixation (LPF) has been applied for additional stability to help with fracture union. The study aimed to determine whether minimally invasive LPF provides reliable fracture stability and acceptable complication rates in cases of complex sacral fractures. This is a retrospective cohort study at a single level I trauma center. The sample includes 24 patients who underwent minimally invasive LPF for complex sacral fracture with or without associated pelvic ring injury. Reoperation for all causes, loss of fixation, surgical time, transfusion requirements, length of hospital stay, postoperative day at mobilization, and mortality were evaluated. Patient charts from 2008 to 2014 were reviewed. Of the 32 patients who underwent minimally invasive LPF for complex sacral fractures, 24 (12 male, 12 female) met all inclusion and exclusion criteria. Outcome measures were assessed with a retrospective chart review and radiographic review. The authors did not receive external funding for this study. Acute reoperation was 12%, and elective reoperation was 29%. Two (8%) patients returned to the operating room for infection, one (4.2%) required revision for instrumentation malposition, and seven (29%) underwent elective removal of instrumentation. No patient experienced failure of instrumentation or loss of correction. Average surgical time was 3.6 hours, blood loss was 180 mL, transfusion requirement was 2.1 units of packed red blood cells, and postoperative mobilization was on postoperative day 5. No mortalities occurred as a result of the minimally invasive LPF procedure. Compared with historic reports of open LPF, our results demonstrate reliable maintenance of reduction and acceptable complication rates with minimally invasive LPF for complexsacral fractures. The

  5. Hyperparathyroidism in octogenarians: A plea for ambulatory minimally invasive surgery under local anesthesia. (United States)

    Fui, Stéphanie Li Sun; Bonnichon, Philippe; Bonni, Nicolas; Delbot, Thierry; André, Jean Pascal; Pion-Graff, Joëlle; Berrod, Jean-Louis; Fontaine, Marine; Brunaud, Catherine; Cocagne, Nicolas


    With the current aging of the world's population, diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism is being reported in increasingly older patients, with the associated functional symptomatology exacerbating the vicissitudes of age. This retrospective study was designed to establish functional improvements in older patients following parathyroid adenomectomy under local anesthesia as outpatient surgery. Data were collected from 53 patients aged 80 years or older who underwent a minimally invasive parathyroid adenomectomy. All patients underwent a preoperative ultrasound, scintigraphy, and were monitored for the effectiveness of the procedure according to intra- and postdosage of parathyroid hormone (PTH) at 5min, 2h and 4h. Mean preoperative serum calcium level was 2.8mmol/L (112mg/L) and mean PTH was 180pg/ml. Thirty-eight patients were operated under local anesthesia using minimally invasive surgery and 18 patients were operated under general anesthesia. In 26 cases, the procedure was planned on an outpatient basis but could only be carried out in 21 patients. Fifty-one patients had normal serum calcium and PTH levels during the immediate postoperative period. Two patients were reoperated under general anesthesia, since immediate postoperative PTH did not return to normal. Four patients died due to reasons unrelated to hyperparathyroidism. Five patients were lost to follow-up six months to two years postsurgery. Of the 44 patients (83%) with long-term monitoring for PTH, none had recurrence of biological hyperparathyroidism. Excluding the three asymptomatic patients, 38 of the 41 symptomatic patients (93%) with long-term follow-up were considering themselves as "improved" or "strongly improved" after the intervention, notably with respect to fatigue, muscle and bone pain. Two patients (4.9%) reported no difference and one patient (2.4%) said her condition had worsened and regretted having undergone surgery. In patients 80 years or older, minimally invasive surgery as an

  6. [Advantages and disadvantages of minimally invasive surgery in colorectal cancer surgery]. (United States)

    Zheng, Minhua; Ma, Junjun


    Since the emergence of minimally invasive technology twenty years ago, as a surgical concept and surgical technique for colorectal cancer surgery, its obvious advantages have been recognized. Laparoscopic technology, as one of the most important technology platform, has got a lot of evidence-based support for the oncological safety and effectiveness in colorectal cancer surgery Laparoscopic technique has advantages in terms of identification of anatomic plane and autonomic nerve, protection of pelvic structure, and fine dissection of vessels. But because of the limitation of laparoscopic technology there are still some deficiencies and shortcomings, including lack of touch and lack of stereo vision problems, in addition to the low rectal cancer, especially male, obese, narrow pelvis, larger tumors, it is difficult to get better view and manipulating triangle in laparoscopy. However, the emergence of a series of new minimally invasive technology platform is to make up for the defects and deficiencies. The robotic surgical system possesses advantages, such as stereo vision, higher magnification, manipulator wrist with high freedom degree, filtering of tremor and higher stability, but still has disadvantages, such as lack of haptic feedback, longer operation time, high operation cost and expensive price. 3D system of laparoscopic surgery has similar visual experience and feelings as robotic surgery in the 3D view, the same operating skills as 2D laparoscopy and a short learning curve. The price of 3D laparoscopy is also moderate, which makes the 3D laparoscopy more popular in China. Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) by changing the traditional laparoscopic pelvic surgery approach, may have certain advantages for male cases with narrow pelvic and patients with large tumor, and it is in accordance with the technical concept of natural orifice, with less minimally invasive and better cosmetics, which can be regarded as a supplemental technique of the

  7. Minimal invasive treatment using 6.02 micrometer DFG laser for carious dentin (United States)

    Awazu, Kunio; Ishii, Katsunori; Saiki, Masayuki; Yasuo, Kenzo; Yamamoto, Kazuyo; Yoshikawa, Kazushi


    Conventional laser light sources for the treatment of a hard tissue in dental are good for removal of caries. However these lasers cannot achieve to give a selective treatment effect for caries without a side effect for normal tissue. The objective of this study is to develop the minimal invasive treatment technique of carious dentin by selective absorption effect using the laser with a wavelength of 6.02 μm which corresponds to an absorption peak of organic matters called amide 1 band. Mid-infrared nanosecond pulsed laser by difference-frequency generation was used for the experiment of selective treatment. A tunable wavelength range, pulse width and repetition rate is from 5.5 to 10 μm, 5 ns and 10 Hz, respectively. The laser with a wavelength of 6.02 μm and predetermined energy parameters was irradiated to a carious dentin model. After laser irradiation, the surface and cross-sectional surface of samples were observed. Average power density about 15 W/cm2 realized to excavate a demineralized region selectively. In the same energy condition, serious side effect was not observed on the surface of normal dentin. A wavelength of 6.02 μm realizes a selective excavation of carious dentin. Using 6.02 μm is a novel and promising technique toward to next-generation dental treatment procedure for realizing minimal intervention.

  8. Spine metastases: are minimally invasive surgical techniques living up to the hype? (United States)

    Zairi, Fahed; Vieillard, Marie-Helene; Assaker, Richard


    Surgery is still considered the mainstay treatment of spine metastases. However, conventional surgery is associated with a high complication rate that may delay the initiation of adjuvant therapies and make some patients not eligible. Minimally invasive surgical techniques have been developed to overcome these drawbacks while providing the same benefits than standard open surgery. In recent years, there has been a flourishing enthusiasm demonstrating the advantages of these various techniques. Although, it is clear that these techniques have greatly improved the treatment of spine metastases, each has its own limitations. In this report, we list the main minimally invasive surgical techniques emphasizing their advantages and drawbacks.

  9. Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement - pros and cons of keyhole aortic surgery. (United States)

    Kaczmarczyk, Marcin; Szałański, Przemysław; Zembala, Michał; Filipiak, Krzysztof; Karolak, Wojciech; Wojarski, Jacek; Garbacz, Marcin; Kaczmarczyk, Aleksandra; Kwiecień, Anna; Zembala, Marian


    Over the last twenty years, minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) has evolved into a safe, well-tolerated and efficient surgical treatment option for aortic valve disease. It has been shown to reduce postoperative morbidity, providing faster recovery and rehabilitation, shorter hospital stay and better cosmetic results compared with conventional surgery. A variety of minimally invasive accesses have been developed and utilized to date. This concise review demonstrates and discusses surgical techniques used in contemporary approaches to MIAVR and presents the most important results of MIAVR procedures.

  10. Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement – pros and cons of keyhole aortic surgery (United States)

    Szałański, Przemysław; Zembala, Michał; Filipiak, Krzysztof; Karolak, Wojciech; Wojarski, Jacek; Garbacz, Marcin; Kaczmarczyk, Aleksandra; Kwiecień, Anna; Zembala, Marian


    Over the last twenty years, minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) has evolved into a safe, well-tolerated and efficient surgical treatment option for aortic valve disease. It has been shown to reduce postoperative morbidity, providing faster recovery and rehabilitation, shorter hospital stay and better cosmetic results compared with conventional surgery. A variety of minimally invasive accesses have been developed and utilized to date. This concise review demonstrates and discusses surgical techniques used in contemporary approaches to MIAVR and presents the most important results of MIAVR procedures. PMID:26336491

  11. Treatment of infertile and subfertile men with varicocelle by minimally invasive surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović P.


    Full Text Available Contemporary highlights in varicocelle treatment. To achieve 'minimal invasiveness' of treatment and to estimate number of pregnancies in female partners, especially a time period needed for conception. Selected males by urologic criteria for infertile couple, treated with subinguinal ligation of spermatic vein-pampinifomic plexus. We treated 26 subfertile men with varicocelle during the period 2005-2015 with combination of subinguinal ligature of spermatic vein or plexus pampiniformis and medicaments. In a tenyear period , we registered 16 pregnancies (61,5% in female partners of our patients. We consider subinguinal ligature of spermatic vein as minimally invasive and cost-efective initial treatment of 'infertile couples'.

  12. Minimally-Invasive versus Conventional Repair of Spondylolysis in Athletes: A Review of Outcomes and Return to Play. (United States)

    Kolcun, John Paul G; Chieng, Lee Onn; Madhavan, Karthik; Wang, Michael Y


    Spondylolysis from pars fracture is a common injury among young athletes, which can limit activity and cause chronic back pain. While current literature has examined the relative benefits of surgical and conservative management of these injuries, no study has yet compared outcomes between conventional direct repair of pars defects and modern minimally invasive procedures. The goals of surgery are pain resolution, return to play at previous levels of activity, and a shorter course of recovery. In this review, the authors have attempted to quantify any differences in outcome between patients treated with conventional or minimally invasive techniques. A literature search was performed of the PubMed database for relevant articles, excluding articles describing conservative management, traumatic injury, or high-grade spondylolisthesis. Articles included for review involved young athletes treated for symptomatic spondylolysis with either conventional or minimally invasive surgery. Two independent reviewers conducted the literature search and judged articles for inclusion. All studies were classified according to the North American Spine Society standards. Of the 116 results of our initial search, 16 articles were included with a total of 150 patients. Due to a paucity of operative details in older studies and inconsistencies in both clinical methods and reporting among most articles, little quantitative analysis was possible. However, patients in the minimally invasive group did have significantly higher rates of pain resolution (plow complication rates, and the majority of patients returned to previous levels of activity. Surgical repair of spondylolysis in young athletes is a safe and practical therapy. Current literature suggests that while conventional repair remains effective, minimally invasive procedures better clinical outcomes. We await further data to conduct a more thorough quantitative analysis of these techniques.

  13. Minimally invasive intracellular delivery based on electrokinetic forces combined with vibration-assisted cell membrane perforation (United States)

    Shibata, Takayuki; Ozawa, Tatsuya; Ito, Yasuharu; Yamamoto, Keita; Nagai, Moeto


    To provide an effective platform for the fundamental analysis of cellular mechanisms and the regulation of cellular functions, we developed a unique method of minimally invasive intracellular delivery. Using this method, we successfully demonstrated the delivery of DNA molecules into living HeLa cells via a glass micropipette based on DC-biased AC-driven electrokinetic forces with much better controllability than that of the pressure-driven flow method. We also proposed a vibration-assisted insertion method for penetrating the cell membrane to reduce cell damage. Preliminary insertion tests revealed that application of mechanical oscillation can reduce the deformation of cells due to increases in their viscous resistance, resulting in a high probability of cell membrane perforation and cell viability. Moreover, to overcome the intrinsic low throughput of intracellular delivery with a single glass micropipette, we developed a fabrication process involving an array of stepped hollow silicon dioxide (SiO2) nanoneedles with well-defined tips.

  14. The role of minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion in sagittal balance correction and spinal deformity. (United States)

    Costanzo, Giuseppe; Zoccali, Carmine; Maykowski, Philip; Walter, Christina M; Skoch, Jesse; Baaj, Ali A


    The recent proliferation of minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) techniques has drawn attention to potential for these techniques to control or correct sagittal misalignment in adult spinal deformity. We systemically reviewed published studies related to LLIF use in adult spinal deformity treatment with emphasis on radiographic assessment of sagittal balance. A literature review was conducted to examine studies focusing on sagittal balance restoration in adult degenerative scoliosis with the LLIF approach. Fourteen publications, 12 retrospective and 2 prospective, reported data regarding lumbar lordosis correction (1,266 levels in 476 patients) but only two measured global sagittal alignment. LLIF appears to be especially effective when the lumbar lordosis and sagittal balance correction goals are less than 10° and 5 cm, respectively. However, the review demonstrated a lack of consistent reporting on sagittal balance restoration with the MIS LLIF techniques.

  15. Multi-channel LED light source for fluorescent agent aided minimally invasive surgery. (United States)

    Ren, Jiacheng; Venugopalan, Janani; Xu, Jian; Kairdolf, Brad; Durfee, Robert; Wang, May D


    Cancer is one of the most common and deadly diseases around the world. Amongst all the different treatments of cancer such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, surgical resection is the most effective. Successful surgeries greatly rely on the detection of the accurate tumor size and location, which can be enhanced by contrast agents. Commercial endoscope light sources, however, offer only white light illumination. In this paper, we present the development of a LED endoscope light source that provides 2 light channels plus white light to help surgeons to detect a clear tumor margin during minimally invasive surgeries. By exciting indocyanine green (ICG) and 5-Aminolaevulinic acid (ALA)-induced protoporphyrin IX (PPIX), the light source is intended to give the user a visible image of the tumor margin. This light source is also portable, easy to use and costs less than $300 to build.

  16. Atrioesophageal Fistula after Minimally Invasive Video-Assisted Epicardial Ablation for Lone Atrial Fibrillation. (United States)

    Kik, Charles; van Valen, Richard; Mokhles, Mostafa M; Bekkers, Jos A; Bogers, Ad J J C


    Minimally invasive video-assisted epicardial beating heart ablation for lone atrial fibrillation claims to be safe and effective. We, however, report on three patients with an atrioesophageal fistula after this procedure. The exact pathogenesis of this complication is unknown. All patients presented around 6 weeks after surgery with either fever or neurological deficits. Diagnosis can be made by computed tomography scan. We advocate an aggressive surgical approach with closure of the atrial defect on cardiopulmonary bypass and closure and reinforcement of the esophagus with an intercostal muscle flap in a single-stage surgery. Some caution as to the low-risk character of this procedure seems to be realistic. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  17. Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery as primary stand-alone surgery for glaucoma. (United States)

    Kerr, Nathan M; Wang, Jing; Barton, Keith


    Recently, many new devices and procedures have been developed to lower intraocular pressure in a less invasive and purportedly safer manner than traditional glaucoma surgery. These new devices might encourage an earlier transition to surgery and reduce the long-term commitment to topical glaucoma medications with their associated compliance and intolerance issues. Although often seen as an adjunct to cataract surgery, a growing body of evidence suggests that primary minimally invasive glaucoma surgery may be a viable initial treatment option. New studies have shown that primary ab interno trabeculectomy (Trabectome, NeoMedix Inc., Tustin, CA, USA), trabecular micro-bypass stent insertion (iStent and iStent Inject, Glaukos Corporation, Laguna Hills, CA, USA), canalicular scaffolding (Hydrus, Invantis Inc., Irvine CA, USA), the ab interno gel Implant (XEN, Allergan, Dublin, Ireland) or supraciliary stenting (CyPass Micro-Stent, Alcon, Fort Worth, TX, USA) may lower the lowering intraocular pressure and/or topical medication burden in phakic or pseudophakic patients with glaucoma. This effect seems to last at least 12 months but reliable cost-effectiveness and quality of life indicators have not yet been established by investigator-initiated randomized trials of sufficient size and duration. © 2016 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists.

  18. Diagnostic accuracy of minimally invasive markers for detection of airway eosinophilia in asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korevaar, Daniël A.; Westerhof, Guus A.; Wang, Junfeng; Cohen, Jérémie F.; Spijker, René; Sterk, Peter J.; Bel, Elisabeth H.; Bossuyt, Patrick M. M.


    Eosinophilic airway inflammation is associated with increased corticosteroid responsiveness in asthma, but direct airway sampling methods are invasive or laborious. Minimally invasive markers for airway eosinophilia could present an alternative method, but estimates of their accuracy vary. We did a

  19. Ten-Step Minimally Invasive Spine Lumbar Decompression and Dural Repair Through Tubular Retractors. (United States)

    Boukebir, Mohamed Abdelatif; Berlin, Connor David; Navarro-Ramirez, Rodrigo; Heiland, Tim; Schöller, Karsten; Rawanduzy, Cameron; Kirnaz, Sertaç; Jada, Ajit; Härtl, Roger


    Minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery utilizing tubular retractors has become an increasingly popular approach for decompression in the lumbar spine. However, a better understanding of appropriate indications, efficacious surgical techniques, limitations, and complication management is required to effectively teach the procedure and to facilitate the learning curve. To describe our experience and recommendations regarding tubular surgery for lumbar disc herniations, foraminal compression with unilateral radiculopathy, lumbar spinal stenosis, synovial cysts, and dural repair. We reviewed our experience between 2008 and 2014 to develop a step-by-step description of the surgical techniques and complication management, including dural repair through tubes, for the 4 lumbar pathologies of highest frequency. We provide additional supplementary videos for dural tear repair, laminotomy for bilateral decompression, and synovial cyst resection. Our overview and complementary materials document the key technical details to maximize the success of the 4 MIS surgical techniques. The review of our experience in 331 patients reveals technical feasibility as well as satisfying clinical results, with no postoperative complications associated with cerebrospinal fluid leaks, 1 infection, and 17 instances (5.1%) of delayed fusion. MIS surgery through tubular retractors is a safe and effective alternative to traditional open or microsurgical techniques for the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease. Adherence to strict microsurgical techniques will allow the surgeon to effectively address bilateral pathology while preserving stability and minimizing complications.

  20. A review of anesthetic techniques and outcomes following minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (Nuss procedure). (United States)

    Frawley, Geoff; Frawley, Jacinta; Crameri, Joe


    Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common congenital chest wall deformity, occurring in 1 : 1000 children with a male to female ratio of 4 : 1. Several procedures have been described to manage this deformity, including cartilage resection with sternal osteotomy (the Ravitch procedure) and a minimally invasive repair technique (the Nuss procedure). While initially described as a nonthoracoscopic technique, the current surgical approach of the Royal Childrens Hospital involves thoracoscopic assistance. Postoperative pain is significant in patients undergoing the pectus repair and multiple analgesic regimens have been advocated with continuous thoracic epidural infusions and opioid infusions the most common. Some authors have advocated patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), paravertebral nerve blocks (PVNB), and wound infusion catheters as alternatives. The primary aim of this study was to assess our experience with postoperative pain and analgesia requirements associated with the minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum in children. This is a retrospective cohort study with a contemporaneous comparison group examining patients treated between January 2005 and December 2015 for minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum by the Nuss procedure. Two hundred and seventeen patients [mean age 14.9 (sd 1.9) years] with pectus excavatum treated at the Royal Childrens Hospital between 2005 and 2015 were identified. All patients were managed with thoracic epidural analgesia and intravenous morphine infusions. The epidural was effective in the postanesthesia care unit in 97.3% (failure to place an epidural rate was 4 (1.9%); no block on awakening 0.9%). A further 4 (1.8%) were removed within 24 h. The mean morphine equivalent dose in the first 24 h was 0.8 mg·kg(-1) ·day(-1) . PCA was continued for a mean of 3.8 days and the total mean morphine equivalent dose was 2.2 mg·kg(-1) ·day(-1) . Minor complications occurred in 67 (30.9%) with postoperative nausea and vomiting

  1. Outcomes and Complications of Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Lumbar Spine in the Elderly. (United States)

    Avila, Mauricio J; Walter, Christina M; Baaj, Ali A


    Minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery is gaining popularity in the elderly. With aging population and a strong desire for all patients to remain physically active, this trend will likely continue. Previous studies have reported clinical outcomes in the elderly undergoing MIS surgery; however, most of these studies encompass multiple surgeons at different sites and thus present heterogeneous experiences. In this work, we investigate the clinical outcomes and complications of all lumbar MIS procedures performed in patients over 65 years of age by a single surgeon. A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database of spine surgeries was performed. Twenty-six patients who underwent 27 procedures were included. Mean age at surgery was 72 years (range 64-86). The mean BMI was 30.2 kg/m(2), patients had an average of 5 comorbidities, took 9 medications, and 15% were smokers. The mean symptoms duration was 40.6 months with the numeric rating scale (NRS) and the Oswestry disability index (ODI) prior to surgery of 7.68 and 50% respectively. Six different types of procedures were performed, the most common was the interlaminar decompression and fusion (ILIF) followed by MIS laminectomy, microdiscectomy and MIS lateral fusion (XLIF). 74% of the surgeries were done at a single level. Average blood loss was 43 mL, and the mean length of stay was 1.7 days. There were three complications (11.1%): one urinary tract infection, one pulmonary embolism, and one new, postoperative weakness. At six months follow-up, there was a mean improvement of 27% in ODI, and a 5.6 improvement in NRS (both pMinimally invasive lumbar spine surgery is both safe and highly effective in the elderly population. Patient selection is of utmost importance. This data will add to the existing literature on the overall safety and effectiveness of these procedures in the elderly population.

  2. Making minimally invasive THR safe: conclusions from biomechanical simulation and analysis


    Noble, P. C.; Johnston, J D; Alexander, J A; Thompson, M. T.; Usrey, M. M.; Heinrich, E. M.; Landon, G. C.; Mathis, K. B.


    The use of smaller surgical incisions has become popularized for total hip arthroplasty (THR) because of the potential benefits of shorter recovery and improved cosmetic appearance. However, an increased incidence of serious complications has been reported. To minimize the risks of minimally invasive approaches to THR, we have developed an experimental approach which enables us to evaluate risk factors in these procedures through cadaveric simulations performed within the laboratory. During c...

  3. Minimally Invasive Spine Metastatic Tumor Resection and Stabilization: New Technology Yield Improved Outcome


    Ran Harel; Omer Doron; Nachshon Knoller


    Spinal metastases compressing the spinal cord are a medical emergency and should be operated on if possible; however, patients' medical condition is often poor and surgical complications are common. Minimizing surgical extant, operative time, and blood loss can potentially reduce postoperative complications. This is a retrospective study describing the patients operated on in our department utilizing a minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approach to decompress and instrument the spine from Novem...

  4. Efficacy of minimally invasive tonsil surgery for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome in children. (United States)

    Zhang, X-Q; Wang, H; Zhou, J; Zeng, P; Zhao, Y; Zhang, Y; Liu, C; Jiang, L-Q; Lan, Y-J


    This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of minimally invasive tonsil surgery for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in children. Tonsil ablation or turbinate reduction was performed on 49 pediatric patients with OSAHS by minimally invasive tonsil surgery. In order to evaluate the efficacy of surgery, a comparison was conducted between pre-operation and post-operation data in terms of the symptoms, signs and polysomnography test. Total effectiveness rate of the surgery was 83.7%. Subgroup analysis was also performed based on the severity of their conditions: mild, moderate, and severe groups had an effectiveness rate of 90.0, 88.9, and 66.7%, respectively (Hc=6.665, Pminimum oxygen saturation (SaO2), and corresponding symptoms improved compared to pre-operation conditions (Pinvasive tonsil surgery was a safe and effective method for treating OSAHS in children.

  5. Non-technical skills in minimally invasive surgery teams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjeraa, Kirsten; Spanager, Lene; Konge, Lars


    complex equipment than open procedures, likely requiring a different set of NTS for each kind of team. The aims of this study were to identify the MIS teams' key NTS and investigate the effect of training and assessment of NTS on MIS teams. METHODS: The databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Psyc......INFO, and Scopus were systematically searched according to Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Articles containing outcome measures related to MIS teams' key NTS, training, or assessment of NTS were included. RESULTS: The search yielded 1984 articles, 11 of which...... in MIS compared to open surgery, mainly due to equipment- and patient-related challenges. Fixed teams improved teamwork and safety levels, while deficient planning and poor teamwork were found to obstruct workflow and increase errors. Training NTS mitigates these issues and improves staff attitudes...

  6. Combined "hybrid" open and minimally invasive surgical correction of adult thoracolumbar scoliosis: a retrospective cohort study. (United States)

    Park, Paul; La Marca, Frank


    Surgery for scoliosis requires extensive exposure, resulting in significant tissue injury and longer recovery times. To minimize morbidity in scoliosis surgery, several studies have shown successful application of a combination of minimally invasive techniques; however, the extent of scoliosis treated has been modest. To achieve some of the benefits of minimally invasive surgery and yet treat curves of greater degree, we have used a combined approach, incorporating both open and minimally invasive techniques. We analyzed a prospectively acquired database in addition to reviewing electronic records of patients undergoing hybrid surgery for thoracolumbar scoliosis. Nine patients were identified. The minimally invasive portion involved the lumbar region in all cases. Pain was assessed by the visual analog scale and disability was measured by the Oswestry Disability Index. Mean preoperative scoliosis was 47.8 degrees, which was corrected to a mean 15.2 degrees. An average of 7.8 spinal levels was treated. Estimated blood loss averaged 1094.4 mL, and length of hospital stay averaged 7.2 days. Acute complications occurred in 2 patients. Longer term complications occurred in 2 patients, consisting of adjacent segment disease. The mean improvement in the visual analog scale score was 3.7 and the mean improvement on the Oswestry Disability Index was 30.5. Average follow-up was 29.2 months. The hybrid approach for the treatment of scoliosis results in acceptable radiographic and clinical outcomes. Complications did not appear increased compared with those expected with scoliosis surgery. Although decreased adjacent tissue injury was achieved with the minimally invasive component of the procedure, a larger comparative study is required to determine magnitude of this benefit.

  7. A novel magnetic-driven tissue retraction device for minimally invasive surgery. (United States)

    Brancadoro, Margherita; Tognarelli, Selene; Ciuti, Gastone; Menciassi, Arianna


    The purpose of this work is to design and validate an innovative magnetic-based device for tissue retraction for minimally invasive surgery. An intra-abdominal magnetic module is coupled with an extracorporeal system for establishing a stable attraction, and consequently a reliable tissue retraction. Once the retractor has been inserted into the abdomen, tissue retraction is not constrained by a fixed access port, thus guaranteeing a more flexible, safer and less invasive operation. The intra-abdominal unit is composed of an axial permanent magnet attached to a stainless-steel non-magnetic alligator clip by a traditional suturing thread. A miniaturized mechanism to adjust the length of the suturing thread for lengthening or shortening the distance between the tissue grasper and the internal magnetic unit is included. A multiphysics approach assured a dedicated design that thoroughly fulfills anatomical, physiological and engineering constraints. System functionalities were demonstrated both in in-vitro and ex-vivo conditions, reaching good results and promising outcomes in terms of effectiveness and maneuverability. The retractor was successfully tested in an animal model, carrying out a whole retraction procedure. The proposed retraction system resulted to be intuitive, reliable, robust and easy to use, representing a suitable device for MIS procedures.

  8. Treatment of malignant glaucoma with minimal invasive vitrectomy surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Meng


    Full Text Available AIM:To evaluate the efficacy of 25G vitrectomy surgery for malignant glaucoma. METHODS: Thirteen eyes of 11 patients with malignant glaucoma who had a history of primary angle-closure glaucoma were analyzed retrospectively from September 2012 to October 2013 in our hospital. All patients had undergone a prior surgery of trebeculectomy combined with iridectomy. The pre-operative mean best corrected visual acuity(BCVAin LogMAR was 0.70±0.13 and the mean intraocular pressure(IOPwas 41.3±12.7mmHg. Corneal edema, ciliary body edema and very shallow anterior chamber with a mean value of 0.69±0.17mm were showed by ultrasound biomicroscopy(UBM. Anterior vitrectomy and posterior capsulotomy were performed with 25G vitrectomy system in all eyes. Seven phakic eyes underwent phacoimulsification combined IOL implantation surgery during vitrectomy.RESULTS: The patients were followed up for 6~18mo with an average of 11.7±5.4mo. BCVA at the last follow-up improved to 0.29±0.08 and the mean IOP was 18.6±3.9mmHg. UBM results showed that ciliary body edema was eliminated, the iris was flattened and the anterior chamber was deepened with a mean depth of 2.48±0.31mm at 1mo after surgery. Postoperative complications included corneal edma, Descemet membrane folds, anterior chamber inflammation, fibrotic exudation, local iris posterior synechia and hypotony(IOP≤5mmHg. One eye had high IOP of 26.4mmHg and required long-term topical antiglaucoma medication to control the IOP≤21mmHg. No complications such as corneal endothelium decompensation, IOL capture, intraocular hemorrhage, infection and uncontrolled IOP were observed. CONCLUSION: 25G vitrectomy is safe and effective for treating malignant glaucoma, controls IOP and reduces complications associated with traditional vitrectomy. Combined vitrectomy with phacoemulsification may improve the success rate and visual function.

  9. Continuous spinal anaesthesia with minimally invasive haemodynamic monitoring for surgical hip repair in two patients with severe aortic stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mercedes López


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Aortic stenosis increases perioperative morbidity and mortality, perioperative invasive monitoring is advised for patients with an aortic valve area 30 mm Hg and it is important to avoid hypotension and arrhythmias. We report the anaesthetic management with continuous spinal anaesthesia and minimally invasive haemodynamic monitoring of two patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing surgical hip repair. CASE REPORT: Two women with severe aortic stenosis were scheduled for hip fracture repair. Continuous spinal anaesthesia with minimally invasive haemodynamic monitoring was used for anaesthetic management of both. Surgery was performed successfully after two consecutive doses of 2 mg of isobaric bupivacaine 0.5% in one of them and four consecutive doses in the other. Haemodynamic conditions remained stable throughout the intervention. Vital signs and haemodynamic parameters remained stable throughout the two interventions. CONCLUSION: Our report illustrates the use of continuous spinal anaesthesia with minimally invasive haemodynamic monitoring as a valid alternative to general or epidural anaesthesia in two patients with severe aortic stenosis who are undergoing lower limb surgery. However, controlled clinical trials would be required to establish that this technique is safe and effective in these type or patients.

  10. Estimating heart shift and morphological changes during minimally invasive cardiac interventions (United States)

    Linte, Cristian A.; Carias, Mathew; Cho, Daniel S.; Pace, Danielle F.; Moore, John; Wedlake, Chris; Bainbridge, Daniel; Kiaii, Bob; Peters, Terry M.


    Image-guided interventions rely on the common assumption that pre-operative information can depict intraoperative morphology with sufficient accuracy. Nevertheless, in the context of minimally invasive cardiac therapy delivery, this assumption loses ground; the heart is a soft-tissue organ prone to changes induced during access to the heart and especially intracardiac targets. In addition to its clinical value for cardiac interventional guidance and assistance with the image- and model-to-patient registration, here we show how ultrasound imaging may be used to estimate changes in the heart position and morphology of structures of interest at different stages in the procedure. Using a magnetically tracked 2D transesophageal echocardiography transducer, we acquired in vivo images of the heart at different stages during the procedural workflow of common minimally invasive cardiac procedures, including robot-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting, mitral valve replacement/repair, or modelenhanced US-guided intracardiac interventions, all in the coordinate system of the tracking system. Anatomical features of interest (mitral and aortic valves) used to register the pre-operative anatomical models to the intraoperative coordinate frame were identified from each dataset. This information allowed us to identify the global position of the heart and also characterize the valvular structures at various peri-operative stages, in terms of their orientation, size, and geometry. Based on these results, we can estimate the differences between the preand intra-operative anatomical features, their effect on the model-to-subject registration, and also identify the need to update or optimize any pre-operative surgical plan to better suit the intra-operative procedure workflow.

  11. Recent Advances in Technique and Clinical Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery in Adult Scoliosis. (United States)

    Liu, Gang; Liu, Sen; Zuo, Yu-Zhi; Li, Qi-Yi; Wu, Zhi-Hong; Wu, Nan; Yu, Ke-Yi; Qiu, Gui-Xing


    Conventional open spinal surgery of adult scoliosis can be performed from anterior, posterior, or combined approach. Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) was developed for the purpose of reducing the undesirable effects and complications. This review aimed to make a brief summary of recent studies of the approach and clinical outcomes of MISS in adult scoliosis. We conducted a systematic search from PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, and other literature databases to collect reports of surgical methods and clinical outcomes of MISS in treatment of adult scoliosis. Those reports were published up to March 2017 with the following key terms: "minimally invasive," "spine," "surgery," and "scoliosis." The inclusion criteria of the articles were as followings: diagnosed with adult degenerative scoliosis (DS) or adult idiopathic scoliosis; underwent MISS or open surgery; with follow-up data. The articles involving patients with congenital scoliosis or unknown type were excluded and those without any follow-up data were also excluded from the study. The initial search yielded 233 articles. After title and abstract extraction, 29 English articles were selected for full-text review. Of those, 20 studies with 831 patients diagnosed with adult DS or adult idiopathic scoliosis were reviewed. Seventeen were retrospective studies, and three were prospective studies. The surgical technique reported in these articles was direct or extreme lateral interbody fusion, axial lumbar interbody fusion, and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Among the clinical outcomes of these studies, the operated levels was 3-7, operative time was 2.3-8.5 h. Both the Cobb angle of coronal major curve and evaluation of Oswestry Disability Index and Visual Analog Scale decreased after surgery. There were 323 complications reported in the 831 (38.9%) patients, including 150 (18.1%) motor or sensory deficits, and 111 (13.4%) implant-related complications. MISS can provide good radiological and self

  12. Integration of force reflection with tactile sensing for minimally invasive robotics-assisted tumor localization. (United States)

    Talasaz, A; Patel, R V


    Tactile sensing and force reflection have been the subject of considerable research for tumor localization in soft-tissue palpation. The work presented in this paper investigates the relevance of force feedback (presented visually as well as directly) during tactile sensing (presented visually only) for tumor localization using an experimental setup close to one that could be applied for real robotics-assisted minimally invasive surgery. The setup is a teleoperated (master-slave) system facilitated with a state-of-the-art minimally invasive probe with a rigidly mounted tactile sensor at the tip and an externally mounted force sensor at the base of the probe. The objective is to capture the tactile information and measure the interaction forces between the probe and tissue during palpation and to explore how they can be integrated to improve the performance of tumor localization. To quantitatively explore the effect of force feedback on tactile sensing tumor localization, several experiments were conducted by human subjects to locate artificial tumors embedded in the ex vivo bovine livers. The results show that using tactile sensing in a force-controlled environment can realize, on average, 57 percent decrease in the maximum force and 55 percent decrease in the average force applied to tissue while increasing the tumor detection accuracy by up to 50 percent compared to the case of using tactile feedback alone. The results also show that while visual presentation of force feedback gives straightforward quantitative measures, improved performance of tactile sensing tumor localization is achieved at the expense of longer times for the user. Also, the quickness and intuitive data mapping of direct force feedback makes it more appealing to experienced users.

  13. Accordion technique combined with minimally invasive percutaneous decortication for the treatment of bone non-union. (United States)

    Zhang, Qun; Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Zhuo; Tang, Peifu; Zhang, Lihai; Chen, Hua


    A variety of approaches have been used to treat oligotrophic or atrophic non-union. Conventional methods are often associated with great operative trauma, increased blood loss, a risk of re-infection, higher medical costs, and complications at the donor site. This study aimed to assess the clinical efficacy of the accordion technique combined with Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Decortication (MIPD) for these types of bone non-union. From January 2010 to December 2015, 20 patients with long bone aseptic non-unions of the lower extremities without bone defects who were treated with the accordion technique combined with MIPD. The limb-length discrepancy (LLD) was less than 2cm in all patients. None of the patients received autogenous bone grafts during follow-up. All surgeries were performed by the same surgeon, and the modified Application of methods of Ilizarov (ASAMI) criteria were used to evaluate the operative effectiveness. A total of 20 patients were included in this study, and 1 patient was lost during follow-up. Fifteen of these patients presented with oligotrophic non-unions, and 5 patients presented with atrophic non-unions. The average follow-up period in these patients was 12.1 months (range: 8-42 months). The alternative compression and distraction procedure was repeated 1-3 times. Blood loss was 30 to 250ml during surgery. Ultimately, bone union was achieved in 19 patients and failed in 1 patient. The fractures healed within 4-8 months (average time: 5.9 months), and fracture healing was considered excellent in 19 patients and poor in 1 patient. Postoperative function was evaluated as excellent in 9 patients, good in 6 patients, fair in 4 patients, and poor in 1 patient. The accordion technique combined with MIPD, which is a simple, minimally invasive procedure that does not require autologous bone grafting, resulted in a high bone union rate and good postoperative function. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Minimally invasive repair of Morgagni hernia – A multicenter case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Lamas-Pinheiro


    Full Text Available Children may benefit from minimally invasive surgery (MIS in the correction of Morgagni hernia (MH. The present study aims to evaluate the outcome of MIS through a multicenter study.National institutions that use MIS in the treatment of MH were included. Demographic, clinical and operative data were analyzed.Thirteen patients with MH (6 males were operated using similar MIS technique (percutaneous stitches at a mean age of 22.2 ± 18.3 months. Six patients had chromosomopathies (46%, five with Down syndrome (39%. Respiratory complaints were the most common presentation (54%. Surgery lasted 95 ± 23 min. In none of the patients was the hernia sac removed; prosthesis was never used. In the immediate post-operative period, 4 patients (36% were admitted to intensive care unit (all with Down syndrome; all patients started enteral feeds within the first 24 h. With a mean follow-up of 56 ± 16.6 months, there were two recurrences (18% at the same institution, one of which was repaired with an absorbable suture; both with Down syndrome.The application of MIS in the MH repair is effective even in the presence of comorbidities such as Down syndrome; the latter influences the immediate postoperative recovery and possibly the recurrence rate. Removal of hernia sac does not seem necessary. Non-absorbable sutures may be more appropriate. Keywords: Laparoscopy, Minimally invasive surgery, Percutaneous, Morgagni hernia, Diaphragmatic hernia

  15. [Feasible study of the minimal-invasive surgical treatment for the pelvis fractures]. (United States)

    Lü, He-rong; He, Zhi-yong; Li, Guo; Wang, Gen-cun; Zhang, Jian-jun


    To discuss feasibility of minimal-invasive surgical treatment of the pelvis fractures. Twenty-six patients with pelvis fractures were treated by micro-surgical treatment. There were 15 male and 11 female with an average age of 40 years ranging from 20 to 62 years. All patients were closed fractures, 17 patients were hemi-pelvis fractures, 9 patients were bilateral-pelvis fractures. The fracture type of posterior ring of pelvis as follows:8 patients were sacro-iliac joint dislocation, 12 patients were vertical section fractures in the outboard of the sacrum. The fracture type of anterior ring of pelvis as follows: 9 patients were hemi-fracture of rami ossis pubisi or hemi-fracture of rami ischi, 7 patients were bilateral-fracture of rami ossis pubisi or bilateral-fracture of rami ischii, 6 patients were separation of symphysis pubis. Six patients accompanied with shock. Anterior ring of pelvis was fixation by lag screw via superior ramus of pubis and pubic symphysis; Posterior ring of pelvis was fixation by lag screw via sacroiliac joint or intrasacral rod via ilium. X-ray films and multi-slice spiral CT of pelvis was obtained in order to understand exterior and inner details about pelvis fractures. Adopt orientation in body and inducted by C-arm digital subtracting X-ray system when operating. Blood loss was about 10 to 50 ml (mean 30 ml). Operation time was 30 to 50 minutes. Time of fracture union was 8 to 12 weeks (mean 11 weeks). Wound infection, ununion of fracture and nerve injuries had not been found. Minimally invasive operation has the merit of short operation time, fine effect, soon recovering and few complication.

  16. CREST Calcinosis Affecting the Lumbar and Cervical Spine and the Use of Minimally-Invasive Surgery. (United States)

    Faraj, Kassem; Perez-Cruet, Kristin; Perez-Cruet, Mick


    Calcinosis in CREST (calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia) syndrome can affect the spinal and paraspinal areas. We present the first case to our knowledge where a CREST syndrome patient required surgery for spinal calcinosis in both the cervical and lumbar areas. A 66-year-old female with a history of CREST syndrome presented with right-sided lower extremity radicular pain. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed bilateral lumbar masses (5.8 cm on the right, 3.8 cm on the left) that projected into the foramina and into the spinal canal. The patient underwent minimally invasive bilateral surgical resection of the paraspinal masses, posterior decompressive laminectomy, posterior interbody, and posterolateral fusion. The specimen was consistent with the calcinosis of CREST syndrome. The patient's lumbar symptoms were relieved, however, two years later she presented with right radicular arm pain. A CT scan revealed a large lobulated benign tumor-like lesion on the left at C6-C7 encroaching upon the neural foramen and a large right lobulated lesion encroaching into the neural foramen with severe compression of the neural foramen at the C7-T1 level and extension into the canal, with anterior and posterior subluxation present throughout the cervical spine. Surgery was performed, which involved cervical mass resections, posterior spinal cord decompression, reconstruction, and fusion. The patient did well and has been symptom-free since her surgery. Calcinosis of the spine is a known entity that can cause morbidity in patients with CREST syndrome. Minimal invasive surgical approaches are effective and can be considered for some of these patients.

  17. Pan-European survey on the implementation of minimally invasive pancreatic surgery with emphasis on cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Rooij, Thijs; Besselink, Marc G.; Shamali, Awad; Butturini, Giovanni; Busch, Olivier R.; Edwin, Bjørn; Troisi, Roberto; Fernández-Cruz, Laureano; Dagher, Ibrahim; Bassi, Claudio; Abu Hilal, Mohammad


    Minimally invasive (MI) pancreatic surgery appears to be gaining popularity, but its implementation throughout Europe and the opinions regarding its use in pancreatic cancer patients are unknown. A 30-question survey was sent between June and December 2014 to pancreatic surgeons of the European

  18. Reduction of the inflammatory response in patients undergoing minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gu, YJ; Mariani, MA; van Oeveren, W; Grandjean, JG; Boonstra, PW

    Background. The aim of this prospective study was to determine whether the inflammation-associated clinical morbidity as well as the subclinical markers of the inflammatory response are reduced in patients who undergo minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass.

  19. [Minimally invasive posterior corpectomy of the lumbar spine with transpedicular fixation]. (United States)

    Maciejczak, Andrzej; Barnaś, Piotr; Dudziak, Piotr; Jagiełło-Bajer, Barbara; Litwora, Bogdan


    The authors present their experience in the minimally invasive posterior keyhole lumbar corpectomy with transpedicular stabilization. This technique involves the removal of the posterior part of the affected vertebral body with the pedicle screw fixation through four 2-3 cm long skin incisions on the back. Two cephalad skin incisions provide an approach for corpectomy and instrumentation of the upper pedicles of the construct. Two caudal skin incisions provide an approach for instrumentation of the lower pedicles of the construct. The minimum armamentarium requirement includes classic micro lumbar discectomy retractor set and intraoperative fluoroscopy. According to the authors' best knowledge this is the first minimally invasive posterior keyhole lumbar corpectomy ever reported in the literature (2002). This is also the first minimally invasive transpedicular fixation ever performed in Poland (2002). This technique was presented during EANS Congress (Lisbon, September 2003). Some reports have recently appeared in the literature on percutaneous pedicle screw fixation of the lumbar spine in non traumatic cases. A special instrumentarium system (Sextant by Medtronic) has been developed and used in this type of minimally invasive stabilization. Although this system has not been dedicated for spine fractures it is feasible in trauma cases. We have one case of L2 burst fracture fixed percutaneously with Sextant.

  20. Clinical and radiological outcome of minimally invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion in primary versus revision surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hentenaar, B.; Spoor, A. B.; Malefijt, J. de Waal; Diekerhof, C. H.; den Oudsten, B. L.


    Purpose The aim of this study is to compare the clinical and radiological outcome of minimally invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion (MI-PLIF) in revision and primary cases. Methods In a retrospective study, we compared the clinical and radiological results of MI-PLIF for lytic

  1. [Minimally invasive and robotic-assisted surgical management of upper gastrointestinal cancer]. (United States)

    Grimminger, P P; Fuchs, H F


    Total minimally invasive upper gastrointestinal resections are currently mainly performed in centers. The advantages include reduction of operative trauma, magnified enlargement of the operation field and the resulting improvement in operative precision. Robotic-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) and laparoscopic/thoracoscopic minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) are currently the most commonly performed strategies for esophageal cancer. Laparoscopic (MIG) and robotic-assisted gastrectomy (RAG) are the equivalent procedures for gastric cancer. Due to the relatively low number of reported cases, no definitive statement regarding superiority of these procedures compared to standard open or hybrid procedures can be made; however, there is mounting evidence from high-volume centers in which these procedures are routinely performed that there might be an advantage regarding perioperative morbidity. All of the four procedures described are provided at our high-volume centers in a standardized manner and we are convinced of the benefits of these minimally invasive techniques with respect to morbidity compared to open and hybrid techniques. The additional costs of this technology have to be off-set against a possible reduction of morbidity, reduced cost for personnel and new operative options, such as real-time fluoroscopy.

  2. Cubital tunnel syndrome : A comparison of an endoscopic technique with a minimal invasive open technique

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bolster, M. A. J.; Zophel, O. T.; van den Heuvel, E. R.; Ruettermann, M.

    Both open and endoscopic methods for ulnar nerve decompression have been described. The purpose of this study is to compare the 6-month results of a minimal invasive open technique with an endoscopic technique. We treated 60 patients with unilateral ulnar neuropathy at the elbow, employing both

  3. Minimally Invasive Cochlear Implantation Assisted by Bi-planar Device: An Exploratory Feasibility Study in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia Ke


    Conclusions: This exploratory study demonstrated the safety of the newly developed image-guided minimally invasive cochlear implantation assisted by the bi-planar device and established the operational procedures. Further, more in vitro experiments are needed to improve the system operation and its safety.

  4. Pointing with a One-Eyed Cursor for Supervised Training in Minimally Invasive Robotic Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kibsgaard, Martin; Kraus, Martin


    Pointing in the endoscopic view of a surgical robot is a natural and effcient way for instructors to communicate with trainees in robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery. However, pointing in a stereo-endoscopic view can be limited by problems such as video delay, double vision, arm fatigue...

  5. Implementation of simulation in surgical practice: minimally invasive surgery has taken the lead: the Dutch experience

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, Henk W. R.; Oei, Guid; Maas, Mario; Borleffs, Jan C. C.; Schijven, Marlies P.


    Minimal invasive techniques are rapidly becoming standard surgical techniques for many surgical procedures. To develop the skills necessary to apply these techniques, box trainers and/or inanimate models may be used, but these trainers lack the possibility of inherent objective classification of

  6. Implementation of simulation in surgical practice : Minimally invasive surgery has taken the lead: The Dutch experience

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, Henk W. R.; Oei, Guid; Maas, Mario; Borleffs, Jan C. C.; Schijven, Marlies P.


    Minimal invasive techniques are rapidly becoming standard surgical techniques for many surgical procedures. To develop the skills necessary to apply these techniques, box trainers and/or inanimate models may be used, but these trainers lack the possibility of inherent objective classification of

  7. Automated CTA based measurements for planning support of minimally invasive aortic valve replacement surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elattar, Mustafa A.; van Kesteren, Floortje; Wiegerinck, Esther M.; VanBavel, Ed; Baan, Jan; Cocchieri, Riccardo; de Mol, Bas; Planken, Nils R.; Marquering, Henk A.


    Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (mini-AVR) procedures are a valuable alternative to conventional open heart surgery. Currently, planning of mini-AVR consists of selection of the intercostal space closest to the sinotubular junction on preoperative computer tomography images. We developed

  8. Transanal minimally invasive surgery: impact on quality of life and functional outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verseveld, Maria; Barendse, Renée M.; Gosselink, Martijn P.; Verhoef, Cornelis; de Graaf, Eelco J. R.; Doornebosch, Pascal G.


    Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) is emerging as an alternative to transanal endoscopic microsurgery. Quality of life (QOL) and functional outcome are important aspects when valuing a new technique. The aim of this prospective study was to assess both functional outcome and QOL after

  9. Transanal minimally invasive surgery: impact on quality of life and functional outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Verseveld (Maria); R.M. Barendse (Renée M.); M.P. Gosselink (Martijn Pieter); C. Verhoef (Kees); E.J.R. de Graaf (Eelco); P. Doornebosch (Pascal)


    textabstractBackground: Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) is emerging as an alternative to transanal endoscopic microsurgery. Quality of life (QOL) and functional outcome are important aspects when valuing a new technique. The aim of this prospective study was to assess both functional

  10. Minimally invasive and surgical management strategies tailored to the severity of acute diverticulitis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McDermott, F D


    The severity of acute diverticulitis ranges from mild, simple inflammation to pericolic abscesses, or perforation with faeculent peritonitis. Treatment of diverticulitis has evolved towards more conservative and minimally invasive strategies. The aim of this review is to highlight recent concepts and advances in management.

  11. Minimally invasive resection of extradural dumbbell tumors of thoracic spine: surgical techniques and literature review. (United States)

    Li, Chunbo; Ye, Yun; Gu, Yutong; Dong, Jian


    Dumbbell-shaped thoracic tumors represent a distinct type of tumor and involve in both the spinal canal and the posterior thoracic cavity. Successful treatment for the tumors depends on gross total resection (GTR) via an open laminectomy and facetectomy or transthoracic transpleural approach. In this case series, we report our experiments with minimally invasive method for the removal of extradural dumbbell thoracic tumor and present related literature review. We retrospectively reviewed two patients with dumbbell-shaped thoracic tumors who underwent minimally invasive resection and unilateral transforaminal thoracic intervertebral fusion (TTIF) through unilateral paraspinal muscle approachwith a spotlight expandable tubular retractor. Clinical data, tumor characteristics, and outcomes were analyzed. Two patients underwent successful minimally invasive treatment of their spinal neoplasms. There were no procedure-related complications. The efficacy in terms of neurological recovery, pain improvement and operative variables (length of incision, operative duration, blood loss, and hospital stay) was better when compared with prior published studies. Postoperative CT image demonstrated complete resection of dumbbell tumor in the patients. The solid fusion was obtained after 3 months follow-up and there was no failure of internal fixation. If the medial border of intracanal component of extradural dumbbell tumor is near the midline of canal and the pedicles of adjacent vertebrae to tumor are intact, minimally invasive resection of tumor through unilateral paraspinal muscle approach combined with unilateral TTIF is good choice.

  12. Ergonomic assessment of neck posture in the minimally invasive surgery suite during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Det, M.J.; Meijerink, W.J.H.J.; Hoff, C.; Van Veelen, M.A.; Pierie, J.P.E.N.


    Background With the expanding implementation of minimally invasive surgery, the operating team is confronted with challenges in the field of ergonomics. Visual feedback is derived from a monitor placed outside the operating field. This crossover trial was conducted to evaluate and compare neck

  13. The feasibility of vacuum technique in minimal invasive surgery : Improving the patient safety through instrument design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vonck, D.


    Grasping in minimal invasive surgery (MIS) is conducted with so called laparoscopic graspers. These graspers are generally derivatives of instruments used in open surgery. The performance of these graspers depends on the technical and medical functionality, the skills and experience of the user, the

  14. NHI program for introducing thoracoscopic minimally invasive mitral and tricuspid valve surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamer El Banna


    Conclusions: Thoracoscopic minimally invasive mitral valve surgery can be performed safely but definitely requires a learning curve. Good results and a high patient satisfaction are guaranteed. We now utilize this approach for isolated atrioventricular valve disease and our plan is to make this exclusive by the end of this year for all the patients except Redo Cases.

  15. Minimally invasive diagnosis of sarcoidosis by EBUS when conventional diagnostics fail

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eckardt, J; Olsen, K E; Jørgensen, O D


    Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial fine-needle aspiration (EBUS) is a minimally invasive method used routinely for mediastinal staging of patients with lung cancer. EBUS has also proved to be a valuable diagnostic tool for patients with different intrathoracic lesions who remain undia...

  16. Total Arterial Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Facilitated by the Trinity Clip Connector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stecher, David; Bronkers, Glenn; Höfer, Imo E.; Pasterkamp, Gerard; Buijsrogge, Marc P


    OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the feasibility of total arterial minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery by using the Trinity Clip anastomotic connector in an acute porcine model. METHODS: In 3 pigs, the left and right internal thoracic arteries (LITA and RITA) were harvested

  17. Impact of a Nationwide Training Program in Minimally Invasive Distal Pancreatectomy (LAELAPS)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rooij, T. de; Hilst, J. van; Boerma, D.; Bonsing, B.A.; Daams, F.; Dam, R.M. van; Dijkgraaf, M.G.; Eijck, C.H. van; Festen, S.; Gerhards, M.F.; Koerkamp, B.G.; Harst, E. van der; Hingh, I.H. de; Kazemier, G.; Klaase, J.; Kleine, R.H. de; Laarhoven, C.J.H.M. van; Lips, D.J.; Luyer, M.D.; Molenaar, I.Q.; Patijn, G.A.; Roos, D.; Scheepers, J.J.; Schelling, G.P. van der; Steenvoorde, P.; Vriens, M.R.; Wijsman, J.H.; Gouma, D.J.; Busch, O.R.; Hilal, M.A.; Besselink, M.G.


    OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and impact of a nationwide training program in minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Superior outcomes of MIDP compared with open distal pancreatectomy have been reported. In the Netherlands (2005 to 2013) only 10% of distal

  18. Impact of a Nationwide Training Program in Minimally Invasive Distal Pancreatectomy (LAELAPS)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Rooij, Thijs; van Hilst, Jony; Boerma, Djamila; Bonsing, Bert A.; Daams, Freek; van Dam, Ronald M.; Dijkgraaf, Marcel G.; van Eijck, Casper H.; Festen, Sebastiaan; Gerhards, Michael F.; Koerkamp, Bas Groot; van der Harst, Erwin; de Hingh, Ignace H.; Kazemier, Geert; Klaase, Joost; de Kleine, Ruben H.; van Laarhoven, Cornelis J.; Lips, Daan J.; Luyer, Misha D.; Molenaar, I. Quintus; Patijn, Gijs A.; Roos, Daphne; Scheepers, Joris J.; van der Schelling, George P.; Steenvoorde, Pascal; Vriens, Menno R.; Wijsman, Jan H.; Gouma, Dirk J.; Busch, Olivier R.; Hilal, Mohammed Abu; Besselink, Marc G.; de Boer, Marieke T.


    Objective:To study the feasibility and impact of a nationwide training program in minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP).Summary of Background Data:Superior outcomes of MIDP compared with open distal pancreatectomy have been reported. In the Netherlands (2005 to 2013) only 10% of distal

  19. Minimally invasive thyroid nodulectomy reduces post-operative hypothyroidism when compared with thyroid lobectomy. (United States)

    Sarkis, Leba M; Norlen, Olov; Sywak, Mark; Delbridge, Leigh


    It has been a long-standing surgical tenet that the minimum surgical procedure for a single thyroid nodule is lobectomy. Such an approach, however, has been associated with a significant incidence of post-operative hypothyroidism with patients becoming medication dependent for life. Thermal sealing devices have enabled local nodule excision to be undertaken safely with preservation of more residual thyroid mass. The aim of this study was to determine if this approach was associated with a reduction in post-operative hypothyroidism. This is a retrospective cohort study comprising 351 patients treated between January 2010 and December 2012. Patients were assessed at 6-8-week review. Subclinical hypothyroidism was defined as a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) >4.5 mIU/L, with clinical hypothyroidism defined as both an elevated TSH and presence of clinical symptoms requiring thyroxine replacement. One hundred and ninety patients underwent open thyroid lobectomy, 86 a minimally invasive thyroid lobectomy and 75 a minimally invasive nodulectomy. There was no difference in post-operative hypothyroidism after lobectomy whether by the open (22.1%) or minimally invasive (22.1%) technique. However, after minimally invasive nodulectomy, post-operative hypothyroidism was less than one quarter (5.3%) of that following lobectomy overall (22.1%, P hypothyroidism. As such, the procedure should be considered for appropriately selected patients. © 2014 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  20. Patient Preferences for Minimally Invasive and Open Locoregional Treatment for Early-Stage Breast Cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knuttel, Floor; van den Bosch, Maurice A A J|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/182981630; Young-Afat, Danny A.; Emaus, Marleen J.; van den Bongard, Desirée H J G; Witkamp, Arjen J.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/245008780; Verkooijen, Helena M.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/213707705

    Background: Noninvasive or minimally invasive treatments are being developed as alternatives to surgery for patients with early-stage breast cancer. Patients' preferences with regard to these new treatments have not been investigated. Objectives: To assess preferences of patients with breast cancer

  1. Accurate and efficient fiber optical shape sensor for MRI compatible minimally invasive instruments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heiden, M.S. van der; Henken, K.R.; Cheng, L.K.; Bosch, B.G. van den; Braber, R. van den; Dankelman, J.; Dobbelsteen, J.J. van den


    Background: The mechanical properties of small minimally invasive instruments are limited and thus must be treated as flexible instruments. Proper functional behavior of these instruments can be significantly enhanced when the instrument is equipped with a shape sensor to track the path of the

  2. Training potential in minimally invasive surgery in a tertiary care, paediatric urology centre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schroeder, R. P. J.; Chrzan, R. J.; Klijn, A. J.; Kuijper, C. F.; Dik, P.; de Jong, T. P. V. M.


    Background Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is being utilized more frequently as a surgical technique in general surgery and in paediatric urology. It is associated with a steep learning curve. Currently, the centre does not offer a MIS training programme. It is hypothesized that the number of MIS

  3. Training potential in minimally invasive surgery in a tertiary care, paediatric urology centre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schroeder, R. P. J.; Chrzan, R. J.; Klijn, A. J.; Kuijper, C. F.; Dik, P.; de Jong, T. P. V. M.


    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is being utilized more frequently as a surgical technique in general surgery and in paediatric urology. It is associated with a steep learning curve. Currently, the centre does not offer a MIS training programme. It is hypothesized that the number of MIS procedures

  4. A magnetic levitation robotic camera for minimally invasive surgery: Useful for NOTES? (United States)

    Di Lorenzo, Nicola; Cenci, Livia; Simi, Massimiliano; Arcudi, Claudio; Tognoni, Valeria; Gaspari, Achille Lucio; Valdastri, Pietro


    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is rising in popularity generating a revolution in operative medicine during the past few decades. Although laparoscopic techniques have not significantly changed in the last 10 years, several advances have been made in visualization devices and instrumentation. Our team, composed of surgeons and biomedical engineers, developed a magnetic levitation camera (MLC) with a magnetic internal mechanism dedicated to MIS. Three animal trials were performed. Porcine acute model has been chosen after animal ethical committee approval, and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, nephrectomy and hernioplastic repair have been performed. MLC permits to complete efficiently several two-port laparoscopy surgeries reducing patients' invasiveness and at the same time saving surgeon's dexterity. We strongly believe that insertable and softly tethered devices like MLS camera will be an integral part of future surgical systems, thus improving procedures efficiency, minimizing invasiveness and enhancing surgeon dexterity and versatility of visions angles.

  5. A simultaneous minimally invasive approach to treat a patient with coronary artery disease and metastatic lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuanhao Fu


    Full Text Available Concurrent lung cancer and coronary artery disease requiring treatment with percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting is not rare. An individualized perioperative anticoagulation regimen and minimal surgical trauma will benefit the patient’s postoperative recovery. We successfully treated a 68-year-old female patient with a lesion in the left anterior descending artery and metastatic right lung carcinoma by simultaneous minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting via a small left thoracotomy and thoracoscopic wedge resection of the lung lesion. She recovered and was discharged on the eighth postoperative day. The patient showed no symptoms of myocardial ischemia postoperatively. Computed tomography scan did not indicate metastatic lesion of lung carcinoma at 1-year follow-up. In conclusion, minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting combined with thoracoscopic wedge resection is an effective minimally invasive treatment for concurrent lung cancer and coronary artery disease. This technique eliminates the risk of perioperative bleeding and provides satisfactory mid-term follow-up results.

  6. Minimally invasive surgery treatment for thoracic spine tumor removal: a mini-open, lateral approach. (United States)

    Uribe, Juan S; Dakwar, Elias; Le, Tien V; Christian, Ginger; Serrano, Sherrie; Smith, William D


    Prospective registry. The objective of this study is to examine procedural and long-term outcomes of a mini-open, lateral approach for tumor removal in the thoracic spine. The majority of spinal tumors present as metastatic tumors in the thoracic spine. Conventional surgical treatments have been associated with high rates of approach-related morbidities as well as difficult working windows for complete tumor excision. Recent advances in minimally invasive techniques, particularly mini-open (minimally invasive, not endoscopic) approaches, help to reduce the morbidities of conventional procedures with comparable outcomes. Twenty-one consecutively treated patients at 2 institutions were treated between 2007 and 2009. Treatment variables, including operating time, estimated blood loss, length of hospital stay, and complications were collected, as were outcome measures, including the visual analog scale for pain and the Oswestry disability index. Twenty-one patients with thoracic spinal tumors were successfully treated with a minimally invasive lateral approach. Operating time, estimated blood loss, and length of hospital stay were 117 minutes, 291 mL, and 2.9 days, respectively. One (4.8%) perioperative complication occurred (pneumonia). Mean follow-up was 21 months. Two patients had residual tumor at last follow-up. Two patients died during the study as the result of other metastases (spine tumor was secondary). Visual analog scale improved from 7.7 to 2.9 and Oswestry disability index improved from 52.7% to 24.9% from preoperative to the last follow-up. The mini-open lateral approach described here can be performed safely and without many of the morbidities and difficulties associated with conventional and endoscopic procedures. Proper training in minimally invasive techniques and the use of direct-visualization minimally invasive retractors are required to safely and reproducibly treat these complex indications.

  7. Minimally Invasive Tubular Resection of Lumbar Synovial Cysts: Report of 40 Consecutive Cases. (United States)

    Birch, Barry D; Aoun, Rami James N; Elbert, Gregg A; Patel, Naresh P; Krishna, Chandan; Lyons, Mark K


    Lumbar synovial cysts are a relatively common clinical finding. Surgical treatment of symptomatic synovial cysts includes computed tomography-guided aspiration, open resection and minimally invasive tubular resection. We report our series of 40 consecutive minimally invasive microscopic tubular lumbar synovial cyst resections. Following Institutional Review Board approval, a retrospective analysis of 40 cases of minimally invasive microscopic tubular retractor synovial cyst resections at a single institution by a single surgeon (B.D.B.) was conducted. Gross total resection was performed in all cases. Patient characteristics, surgical operating time, complications, and outcomes were analyzed. Lumbar radiculopathy was the presenting symptoms in all but 1 patient, who presented with neurogenic claudication. The mean duration of symptoms was 6.5 months (range, 1-25 months), mean operating time was 58 minutes (range, 25-110 minutes), and mean blood loss was 20 mL (range, 5-50 mL). Seven patients required overnight observation. The median length of stay in the remaining 33 patients was 4 hours. There were 2 cerebrospinal fluid leaks repaired directly without sequelae. The mean follow-up duration was 80.7 months. Outcomes were good or excellent in 37 of the 40 patients, fair in 1 patient, and poor in 2 patients. Minimally invasive microscopic tubular retractor resection of lumbar synovial cysts can be done safely and with comparable outcomes and complication rates as open procedures with potentially reduced operative time, length of stay, and healthcare costs. Patient selection for microscopic tubular synovial cyst resection is based in part on the anatomy of the spine and synovial cyst and is critical when recommending minimally invasive vs. open resection to patients. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Total hip arthroplasty using a posterior minimally invasive approach - results after six years. (United States)

    Vicente, José Ricardo Negreiros; Miyahara, Helder Souza; Luzo, Carlos Malheiros; Gurgel, Henrique Melo; Croci, Alberto Tesconi


    To evaluate the medium-term clinical-functional results (minimum follow-up of six years) from total uncemented hip arthroplasty performed by means of a posterior minimally invasive access, in comparison with the traditional right lateral access. In a comparative prospective study, 224 adult patients underwent elective total hip arthroplasty due to a diagnosis of primary or secondary osteoarthrosis. A group of 103 patients with posterior minimally invasive access was compared with a group of 121 patients with the traditional right lateral access. The mean length of follow-up among the patients of this sample was 7.2 years. We evaluated the clinical-functional and radiographic results and occurrences of loosening, along with any complications that occurred, with a minimum follow-up of six years. The clinical-functional analyses before the surgical procedure and six years afterwards were similar in the two groups (p = 0.88 and p = 0.55). One patient in the minimally invasive group underwent revision of the acetabular component and two patients in the control group underwent the same procedure (p = 0.46). The Trendelenburg clinical test, which showed weakness of the hip abductor musculature, was present in five patients operated using the traditional lateral route and absent in all those who underwent the minimally invasive procedure (p = 0.06). There was no difference regarding the radiographic parameters obtained, either in acetabular or in femoral positioning (p = 0.32 and p = 0.58). The medium-term clinical and radiographic results and the complication rates were similar between the patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty by means of the posterior minimally invasive access and those with the traditional lateral access.

  9. Minimally Invasive Supraorbital Key-hole Approach for the Treatment of Anterior Cranial Fossa Meningiomas (United States)

    IACOANGELI, Maurizio; NOCCHI, Niccolò; NASI, Davide; DI RIENZO, Alessandro; DOBRAN, Mauro; GLADI, Maurizio; COLASANTI, Roberto; ALVARO, Lorenzo; POLONARA, Gabriele; SCERRATI, Massimo


    The most important target of minimally invasive surgery is to obtain the best therapeutic effect with the least iatrogenic injury. In this background, a pivotal role in contemporary neurosurgery is played by the supraorbital key-hole approach proposed by Perneczky for anterior cranial base surgery. In this article, it is presented as a possible valid alternative to the traditional craniotomies in anterior cranial fossa meningiomas removal. From January 2008 to January 2012 at our department 56 patients underwent anterior cranial base meningiomas removal. Thirty-three patients were submitted to traditional approaches while 23 to supraorbital key-hole technique. A clinical and neuroradiological pre- and postoperative evaluation were performed, with attention to eventual complications, length of surgical procedure, and hospitalization. Compared to traditional approaches the supraorbital key-hole approach was associated neither to a greater range of postoperative complications nor to a longer surgical procedure and hospitalization while permitting the same lesion control. With this technique, minimization of brain exposition and manipulation with reduction of unwanted iatrogenic injuries, neurovascular structures preservation, and a better aesthetic result are possible. The supraorbital key-hole approach according to Perneckzy could represent a valid alternative to traditional approaches in anterior cranial base meningiomas surgery. PMID:26804334

  10. Modular minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation systems; can they become the standard practice for performing cardiac surgery? (United States)

    Anastasiadis, K; Antonitsis, P; Argiriadou, H; Deliopoulos, A; Grosomanidis, V; Tossios, P


    Minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation (MiECC) has been developed in an attempt to integrate all advances in cardiopulmonary bypass technology in one closed circuit that shows improved biocompatibility and minimizes the systemic detrimental effects of CPB. Despite well-evidenced clinical advantages, penetration of MiECC technology into clinical practice is hampered by concerns raised by perfusionists and surgeons regarding air handling together with blood and volume management during CPB. We designed a modular MiECC circuit, bearing an accessory circuit for immediate transition to an open system that can be used in every adult cardiac surgical procedure, offering enhanced safety features. We challenged this modular circuit in a series of 50 consecutive patients. Our results showed that the modular AHEPA circuit design offers 100% technical success rate in a cohort of random, high-risk patients who underwent complex procedures, including reoperation and valve and aortic surgery, together with emergency cases. This pilot study applies to the real world and prompts for further evaluation of modular MiECC systems through multicentre trials. © The Author(s) 2015.

  11. Ultrafast mid-IR laser scalpel: protein signals of the fundamental limits to minimally invasive surgery. (United States)

    Amini-Nik, Saeid; Kraemer, Darren; Cowan, Michael L; Gunaratne, Keith; Nadesan, Puviindran; Alman, Benjamin A; Miller, R J Dwayne


    Lasers have in principle the capability to cut at the level of a single cell, the fundamental limit to minimally invasive procedures and restructuring biological tissues. To date, this limit has not been achieved due to collateral damage on the macroscale that arises from thermal and shock wave induced collateral damage of surrounding tissue. Here, we report on a novel concept using a specifically designed Picosecond IR Laser (PIRL) that selectively energizes water molecules in the tissue to drive ablation or cutting process faster than thermal exchange of energy and shock wave propagation, without plasma formation or ionizing radiation effects. The targeted laser process imparts the least amount of energy in the remaining tissue without any of the deleterious photochemical or photothermal effects that accompanies other laser wavelengths and pulse parameters. Full thickness incisional and excisional wounds were generated in CD1 mice using the Picosecond IR Laser, a conventional surgical laser (DELight Er:YAG) or mechanical surgical tools. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy showed that the PIRL laser produced minimal tissue ablation with less damage of surrounding tissues than wounds formed using the other modalities. The width of scars formed by wounds made by the PIRL laser were half that of the scars produced using either a conventional surgical laser or a scalpel. Aniline blue staining showed higher levels of collagen in the early stage of the wounds produced using the PIRL laser, suggesting that these wounds mature faster. There were more viable cells extracted from skin using the PIRL laser, suggesting less cellular damage. β-catenin and TGF-β signalling, which are activated during the proliferative phase of wound healing, and whose level of activation correlates with the size of wounds was lower in wounds generated by the PIRL system. Wounds created with the PIRL systsem also showed a lower rate of cell proliferation. Direct comparison of wound

  12. Ultrafast mid-IR laser scalpel: protein signals of the fundamental limits to minimally invasive surgery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeid Amini-Nik

    Full Text Available Lasers have in principle the capability to cut at the level of a single cell, the fundamental limit to minimally invasive procedures and restructuring biological tissues. To date, this limit has not been achieved due to collateral damage on the macroscale that arises from thermal and shock wave induced collateral damage of surrounding tissue. Here, we report on a novel concept using a specifically designed Picosecond IR Laser (PIRL that selectively energizes water molecules in the tissue to drive ablation or cutting process faster than thermal exchange of energy and shock wave propagation, without plasma formation or ionizing radiation effects. The targeted laser process imparts the least amount of energy in the remaining tissue without any of the deleterious photochemical or photothermal effects that accompanies other laser wavelengths and pulse parameters. Full thickness incisional and excisional wounds were generated in CD1 mice using the Picosecond IR Laser, a conventional surgical laser (DELight Er:YAG or mechanical surgical tools. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy showed that the PIRL laser produced minimal tissue ablation with less damage of surrounding tissues than wounds formed using the other modalities. The width of scars formed by wounds made by the PIRL laser were half that of the scars produced using either a conventional surgical laser or a scalpel. Aniline blue staining showed higher levels of collagen in the early stage of the wounds produced using the PIRL laser, suggesting that these wounds mature faster. There were more viable cells extracted from skin using the PIRL laser, suggesting less cellular damage. β-catenin and TGF-β signalling, which are activated during the proliferative phase of wound healing, and whose level of activation correlates with the size of wounds was lower in wounds generated by the PIRL system. Wounds created with the PIRL systsem also showed a lower rate of cell proliferation. Direct

  13. Minimally invasive and endoscopic versus open necrosectomy for necrotising pancreatitis: a pooled analysis of individual data for 1980 patients. (United States)

    van Brunschot, Sandra; Hollemans, Robbert A; Bakker, Olaf J; Besselink, Marc G; Baron, Todd H; Beger, Hans G; Boermeester, Marja A; Bollen, Thomas L; Bruno, Marco J; Carter, Ross; French, Jeremy J; Coelho, Djalma; Dahl, Björn; Dijkgraaf, Marcel G; Doctor, Nilesh; Fagenholz, Peter J; Farkas, Gyula; Castillo, Carlos Fernandez Del; Fockens, Paul; Freeman, Martin L; Gardner, Timothy B; Goor, Harry van; Gooszen, Hein G; Hannink, Gerjon; Lochan, Rajiv; McKay, Colin J; Neoptolemos, John P; Oláh, Atilla; Parks, Rowan W; Peev, Miroslav P; Raraty, Michael; Rau, Bettina; Rösch, Thomas; Rovers, Maroeska; Seifert, Hans; Siriwardena, Ajith K; Horvath, Karen D; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C


    Minimally invasive surgical necrosectomy and endoscopic necrosectomy, compared with open necrosectomy, might improve outcomes in necrotising pancreatitis, especially in critically ill patients. Evidence from large comparative studies is lacking. We combined original and newly collected data from 15 published and unpublished patient cohorts (51 hospitals; 8 countries) on pancreatic necrosectomy for necrotising pancreatitis. Death rates were compared in patients undergoing open necrosectomy versus minimally invasive surgical or endoscopic necrosectomy. To adjust for confounding and to study effect modification by clinical severity, we performed two types of analyses: logistic multivariable regression and propensity score matching with stratification according to predicted risk of death at baseline (low: open necrosectomy and 813 underwent minimally invasive surgical (n=467) or endoscopic (n=346) necrosectomy. There was a lower risk of death for minimally invasive surgical necrosectomy (OR, 0.53; 95% CI 0.34 to 0.84; p=0.006) and endoscopic necrosectomy (OR, 0.20; 95% CI 0.06 to 0.63; p=0.006). After propensity score matching with risk stratification, minimally invasive surgical necrosectomy remained associated with a lower risk of death than open necrosectomy in the very high-risk group (42/111 vs 59/111; risk ratio, 0.70; 95% CI 0.52 to 0.95; p=0.02). Endoscopic necrosectomy was associated with a lower risk of death than open necrosectomy in the high-risk group (3/40 vs 12/40; risk ratio, 0.27; 95% CI 0.08 to 0.88; p=0.03) and in the very high-risk group (12/57 vs 28/57; risk ratio, 0.43; 95% CI 0.24 to 0.77; p=0.005). In high-risk patients with necrotising pancreatitis, minimally invasive surgical and endoscopic necrosectomy are associated with reduced death rates compared with open necrosectomy. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless

  14. [Surfactant replacement therapy with a minimally invasive technique: Experience in a tertiary hospital]. (United States)

    Canals Candela, F J; Vizcaíno Díaz, C; Ferrández Berenguer, M J; Serrano Robles, M I; Vázquez Gomis, C; Quiles Durá, J L


    Surfactant delivered using a minimally invasive technique, known as MIST (Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy) is a method which allows surfactant to be administered to a patient connected to non-invasive respiratory support. This is an increasingly used therapy in Neonatal Units that reduces the intubation rate and the pathology associated with intubation and allows the surfactant to be administered to the patients who clinically need it. In years 2013 and 2014 in the Hospital General Universitario de Elche surfactant was delivered using this method to 19 patients, five of whom were 28 or less weeks of gestation age at birth. A comparison is made with a historical cohort consisting of 28 patients with Respiratory Distress Syndrome treated initially with non-invasive respiratory support. No incidents were recorded that caused the interruption of the administration. A reduction in the fraction of inspired oxygen was observed in all cases after surfactant administration. Fewer intubations in the first 72 hours of life were found in the treatment group compared to the control group (42% vs. 54%). The experience recorded in the Hospital General Universitario de Elche shows that the administration of surfactant using a MIST technique is a reproducible method of treatment, which allows the surfactant distribution during spontaneous breathing with non invasive respiratory support. Copyright © 2015 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  15. Minimally invasive laminectomy for lumbar spinal stenosis in patients with and without preoperative spondylolisthesis: clinical outcome and reoperation rates. (United States)

    Alimi, Marjan; Hofstetter, Christoph P; Pyo, Se Young; Paulo, Danika; Härtl, Roger


    Surgical decompression is the intervention of choice for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) when nonoperative treatment has failed. Standard open laminectomy is an effective procedure, but minimally invasive laminectomy through tubular retractors is an alternative. The aim of this retrospective case series was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of this procedure in patients who underwent LSS and to compare outcomes in patients with and without preoperative spondylolisthesis. Patients with LSS without spondylolisthesis and with stable Grade I spondylolisthesis who had undergone minimally invasive tubular laminectomy between 2004 and 2011 were included in this analysis. Demographic, perioperative, and radiographic data were collected. Clinical outcome was evaluated using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analog scale (VAS) scores, as well as Macnab's criteria. Among 110 patients, preoperative spondylolisthesis at the level of spinal stenosis was present in 52.5%. At a mean follow-up of 28.8 months, scoring revealed a median improvement of 16% on the ODI, 2.75 on the VAS back, and 3 on the VAS leg, compared with the preoperative baseline (p spondylolisthesis had no significant differences in their clinical outcome or reoperation rate. Minimally invasive laminectomy is an effective procedure for the treatment of LSS. Reoperation rates for instability are lower than those reported after open laminectomy. Functional improvement is similar in patients with and without preoperative spondylolisthesis. This procedure can be an alternative to open laminectomy. Routine fusion may not be indicated in all patients with LSS and spondylolisthesis.

  16. Infection rate after minimally invasive noninstrumented spinal surgery based on 4350 procedures. (United States)

    Shousha, Mootaz; Cirovic, Dusan; Boehm, Heinrich


    Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database. To assess the rate of postoperative infection associated with minimally invasive noninstrumented spinal surgery. Infection after spinal surgery results in significant morbidity, extended hospital stay, and significant costs. Minimally invasive spinal techniques require smaller incisions and less dissection, minimizing the risk of postoperative infection. Inclusion criteria were patients undergoing posterior spinal surgery using a tubular retractor system with the aid of operative microscope between June 1998 and November 2013. The analysis revealed a total number of 4350 procedures performed in 4037 patients (mean age=53.2 yr). Sixty percent of the patients were male. The majority of procedures were performed in the lumbar spine (98.4%), and the indication was mostly degenerative in nature (96.9%). The databases were then reviewed for any infectious complications. Postoperative infection was recorded in 4 patients (0.09%). All of them occurred in the lumbar region after discectomy. These patients presented with discitis and underwent revision in the form of open debridement and fusion. The time lapse between the index surgery and revision was 56 days. All 4 patients recovered, with a mean follow-up of 7.5 years. Infection rate after posterior transtubular microscopic assisted spinal surgery is very low (0.09%). Surgical debridement with fusion was the method of choice in treating such complications. This minimally invasive technique reduces markedly the risk of postoperative infection when compared with other large series published in the literature. 4.

  17. Accidental Durotomy in Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Frequency, Risk Factors, and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan-Helge Klingler


    Full Text Available Purpose. To assess the frequency, risk factors, and management of accidental durotomy in minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF. Methods. This single-center study retrospectively investigates 372 patients who underwent MIS TLIF and were mobilized within 24 hours after surgery. The frequency of accidental durotomies, intraoperative closure technique, body mass index, and history of previous surgery was recorded. Results. We identified 32 accidental durotomies in 514 MIS TLIF levels (6.2%. Analysis showed a statistically significant relation of accidental durotomies to overweight patients (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2; P=0.0493. Patient age older than 65 years tended to be a positive predictor for accidental durotomies (P=0.0657. Mobilizing patients on the first postoperative day, we observed no durotomy-associated complications. Conclusions. The frequency of accidental durotomies in MIS TLIF is low, with overweight being a risk factor for accidental durotomies. The minimally invasive approach seems to minimize durotomy-associated complications (CSF leakage, pseudomeningocele because of the limited dead space in the soft tissue. Patients with accidental durotomy can usually be mobilized within 24 hours after MIS TLIF without increased risk. The minimally invasive TLIF technique might thus be beneficial in the prevention of postoperative immobilization-associated complications such as venous thromboembolism. This trial is registered with DRKS00006135.

  18. Complications of Minimally Invasive, Tubular Access Surgery for Cervical, Thoracic, and Lumbar Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald A. Ross


    Full Text Available The object of the study was to review the author’s large series of minimally invasive spine surgeries for complication rates. The author reviewed a personal operative database for minimally access spine surgeries done through nonexpandable tubular retractors for extradural, nonfusion procedures. Consecutive cases (n=1231 were reviewed for complications. There were no wound infections. Durotomy occurred in 33 cases (2.7% overall or 3.4% of lumbar cases. There were no external or symptomatic internal cerebrospinal fluid leaks or pseudomeningoceles requiring additional treatment. The only motor injuries were 3 C5 root palsies, 2 of which resolved. Minimally invasive spine surgery performed through tubular retractors can result in a low wound infection rate when compared to open surgery. Durotomy is no more common than open procedures and does not often result in the need for secondary procedures. New neurologic deficits are uncommon, with most observed at the C5 root. Minimally invasive spine surgery, even without benefits such as less pain or shorter hospital stays, can result in considerably lower complication rates than open surgery.

  19. A predictive model of suitability for minimally invasive parathyroid surgery in the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism [corrected].

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kavanagh, Dara O


    Improved preoperative localizing studies have facilitated minimally invasive approaches in the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Success depends on the ability to reliably select patients who have PHPT due to single-gland disease. We propose a model encompassing preoperative clinical, biochemical, and imaging studies to predict a patient\\'s suitability for minimally invasive surgery.

  20. Non-opioid pain management in benign minimally invasive hysterectomy: A systematic review. (United States)

    Blanton, Emily; Lamvu, Georgine; Patanwala, Insiyyah; Barron, Kenneth I; Witzeman, Kathryn; Tu, Frank F; As-Sanie, Sawsan


    Less postoperative pain typically is associated with a minimally invasive hysterectomy compared with a laparotomy approach; however, poor pain control can still be an issue. Multiple guidelines exist for managing postoperative pain, yet most are not specialty-specific and are based on procedures that bear little relevance to a minimally invasive hysterectomy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is enough quality evidence within the benign gynecology literature to make non-opioid pain control recommendations for women who undergo a benign minimally invasive hysterectomy. We queried PubMed,, and Cochrane databases using MeSH terms: "postoperative pain," "perioperative pain," "postoperative analgesia," "pain management," "pain control," "minimally invasive gynecologic surgery," and "hysterectomy." A manual examination of references from identified studies was also performed. All PubMed published studies that involved minimally invasive hysterectomies through November 9, 2016, were included. This systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Studies were restricted to benign minimally invasive hysterectomies evaluating non-opioid pharmacologic therapies. Primary outcomes included amount of postoperative analgesics consumed and postoperative pain scores. Two reviewers independently completed an in-depth evaluation of each study for characteristics and results using an established database, according to inclusion/exclusion criteria. A risk assessment was performed, and a quality rating was assigned with the use of the Cochrane Collaboration's Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. Initially 1155 studies were identified, and 24 studies met all inclusion criteria. Based on limited data of varying quality, intravenous acetaminophen, anticonvulsants and dexamethasone demonstrate opioid-sparing benefits; ketorolac shows

  1. Coronary optical coherence tomography: minimally invasive virtual histology as part of targeted post-mortem computed tomography angiography. (United States)

    Adlam, David; Joseph, Shiju; Robinson, Claire; Rousseau, Clement; Barber, Jade; Biggs, Mike; Morgan, Bruno; Rutty, Guy


    Social, cultural and practical barriers to conventional invasive autopsy have led to considerable interest in the development of minimally invasive radiological techniques as an alternative to the invasive autopsy for determining the cause of death. Critical to accurate diagnosis in this context is detailed examination of coronary anatomy and pathology. Current computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging approaches have significantly advanced minimally invasive autopsy practice but have limited spatial resolution. This prohibits assessment at a microscopic level, meaning that histological assessment is still required for detailed analysis of, for example, coronary plaque rupture or dissection. Coronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used in the living during percutaneous coronary interventions to provide high-resolution coronary imaging, but this technique for obtaining virtual histology has not, to date, been translated into minimally invasive autopsy practice. We present a first description of minimally invasive post-mortem coronary OCT and discuss the potential for this technique to advance current practice.

  2. [Experimental realization of minimally invasive techniques of scleral collagen cross-linking]. (United States)

    Iomdina, Е N; Tarutta, Е P; Semchishen, V А; Korigodskiy, А R; Zakharov, I D; Khoroshilova-Maslova, I P; Ignat'eva, N Yu; Kiseleva, Т N; Sianosyan, А А; Milash, S V

    To realize two minimally invasive techniques of scleral collagen cross-linking (SXL) at the equator and posterior pole of the eye: 1) targeted irradiation of the region with ultraviolet A (UVA) and 2) sub-Tenon injection of Sklerateks. To perform UVA-SXL, a tool was developed that includes a UV-LED light source (370 nm, 3 mW/cm2) and a polymer-coated silica multimode optical fiber located in one of the two channels of a detachable metal tip. The other channel is used to deliver riboflavin to the scleral surface. The study included 8 Chinchillas' eyes. Intact fellow eyes served as the controls. Scleral echodensity was measured in vivo with Voluson 730 Pro (Kretz) prior to the procedure and then 2 days and 1 month after. After enucleation, the elastic modulus and the degree of scleral cross-linking were established at the same time-points. A placebo-controlled study on the safety and effectiveness of sub-Tenon Sklerateks injections (solution of amino acid salts in the form of succinates) was conducted on 47 Chinchilla rabbits (94 eyes). Sklerateks or placebo (0.1 ml) was injected below the Tenon's capsule of either eye once a week for 1 month (4 injections; 1st series) or 3 months (12 injections; 2nd series). After the end of the course, 22 eyes were studied morphologically. In 72 eyes, scleral samples were obtained in order to evaluate the elastic modulus (Autograph AGS-H tester, SHIMADZU, Japan) and the rate of cross-linking (judging from the denaturation temperature) by differential scanning calorimetry (Phoenix DSC 204 calorimeter, Netzsch, Germany). After UVA irradiation, the scleral echodensity increased from 86.7±5.1 to 98±4.9 dB. The elastic modulus appeared 1.5 times higher than that of the control samples. The denaturation temperature also increased indicating the rate of scleral cross-linking as high as 15-18%. Weekly Sklerateks for 1-3 months has been shown to induce neither clinical, nor morphological signs of local irritative, damaging, or toxic

  3. Acceptance of Minimally Invasive Dentistry Among US Dentists in Public Health Practices. (United States)

    Oliveira, Deise Cruz; Warren, John J; Levy, Steven M; Kolker, Justine; Qian, Fang; Carey, Clifton

    Little is known about use or acceptance of minimally invasive dentistry (MID) in the USA, particularly in public health settings. The purpose of this study was to assess opinions concerning MID among dentists in public-health practices. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the views of dentists in public-health practices concerning MID using an online survey instrument among National Network for Oral Health Access (NNOHA) and American Association of Community Dental Programs (AACDP) members. Specific questions focused on diagnostic and preventive techniques, and whether MID was considered to meet the standard of care in the US Results: Overall, 86% believed that MID met the standard of care for primary teeth, and 77% did so for permanent teeth. The majority of respondents also agreed that fluoride varnish prevents caries and atraumatic restorative techniques (ART) are an effective caries treatment for children and adults. According to logistic regression results, dentists who had continuing education courses in MID and agreed that ART was an effective treatment for adults were more likely to report that MID met the standard of care for permanent teeth. Subjects who believed that fluoride varnish was effective as caries prevention for children were more likely to view MID as meeting the standard of care for primary teeth. There appears to be a paradigm shift toward a MID philosophy, and most responding public health denti